DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Thomsen, Rie; Möller, Jonas
lifelong guidance policies. This paper presents `research circles´ as a way to develop guidance practices through long-term research relationships between practice and research. Research circles support a bottom up approach to policy development just like ELGPN considers to be necessary and required...... in career guidance development. In the paper we draw on the preliminary findings from an ongoing Nordic project: “The future of career guidance and educational counselling”. Specifically, we explore the career guidance practitioners´ response to research circles as means to professional development. We...... argue that this practicebased way of organizing research facilitates learning, and potentially, qualifies practice. The collaboration between researchers and practitioners in the research circle fosters a joint venture and an academic perspective on practice, which stimulates practitioners to step out...
Solving Problems through Circles
Grahamslaw, Laura; Henson, Lisa H.
2015-01-01
Several problem-solving interventions that utilise a "circle" approach have been applied within the field of educational psychology, for example, Circle Time, Circle of Friends, Sharing Circles, Circle of Adults and Solution Circles. This research explored two interventions, Solution Circles and Circle of Adults, and used thematic…
Katz, Claudia Anne; Kuby, Sue Ann
2002-01-01
Describes the use of literature circles, a student-led reading and discussion method that encourages students to see stories in various ways. Explains the student selection of titles, roles of group members, and collaborative projects that complete the activity. (LRW)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ling, Richard; Bjelland, Johannes; Sundsøy, Pål
2014-01-01
This article examines how we use mobile telephony to maintain our physically and socially closest social circle. The analysis is based on traffic data gathered from Norway using approximately 24 million calls and texts made by private individuals. Previous research has shown that our temporal and...
Efficient circle detection by midpoint circle validation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Shuai; CAO Junjie; LIU Xiuping
2012-01-01
Circular objects detection in digital images, a vital and recurring problem in image processing and computer vision, has many applications especially aiding vectorization of line drawing images, pupil and iris detection, circular traffic sign detection, and so on. In this paper, we lever Midpoint Circle Algorithm to speed up circle validation with sub-pixel precision. At the same time, we combine the least square method to improve the accuracy of circle detection. Experimental results from tests on synthetic and natural images validate that the proposed technique is efficiency regarding accuracy, speed and robustness.
General minisum circle location
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Körner, Mark; Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik
2009-01-01
In our paper we approximate a set of given points by a general circle. More precisely, we consider the problem of locating and scaling the unit ball of some given norm k1 with respect to xed points on the plane such that the sum of weighted distances between the circle and the xed points is minim......In our paper we approximate a set of given points by a general circle. More precisely, we consider the problem of locating and scaling the unit ball of some given norm k1 with respect to xed points on the plane such that the sum of weighted distances between the circle and the xed points...
Fruchard, Augustin
2010-01-01
A circle C holds a convex body K if C does not meet the interior of K and if there does not exist any euclidean displacement which moves C as far as desired from K, avoiding the interior of K. The purpose of this note is to explore how small can be a holding circle.
Domain Discretization and Circle Packings
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dias, Kealey
A circle packing is a configuration of circles which are tangent with one another in a prescribed pattern determined by a combinatorial triangulation, where the configuration fills a planar domain or a two-dimensional surface. The vertices in the triangulation correspond to centers of circles......, and edges correspond to two circles (having centers corresponding to the endpoints of the edge) being tangent to each other. This circle packing creates a rigid structure having an underlying geometric triangulation, where the centers of circles again correspond to vertices in the triangulation......, and the edges are geodesic segments (Euclidean, hyperbolic, or spherical) connecting centers of circles that are tangent to each other. Three circles that are mutually tangent form a face of the triangulation. Since circle packing is closely related to triangulation, circle packing methods can be applied...
Clausen-May, Tandi
2006-01-01
In this article, the author describes two Powerpoint presentations designed to help visual learners calculate the circumference and the area of a circle. In particular, the author describes how these presentations can be used to establish mental images that can help pupils to understand, and so recall, the principles that underlie the formulae for…
Shelton-Strong, Scott J.
2012-01-01
While the intrinsic value of reading extensively for L2 learners has rarely been questioned, practicalities of implementation and the existence of gains beyond lexical enrichment have generated discussion. This article outlines and explores the benefits which Literature Circles (LCs) offer to English language learning and attempts to identify…
Differentiating through Literature Circles
Helgeson, John
2017-01-01
This article begins with an example of a typical middle-school experience with literature circles. Students read a common text and come prepared to share and discuss the text based on individual roles they are assigned. Teachers are using this practice to address the complexity levels of texts in order to help students develop the skills they need…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David Dennis
2005-01-01
Full Text Available Given a bounded sequence of integers {d0,d1,d2,…}, 6≤dn≤M, there is an associated abstract triangulation created by building up layers of vertices so that vertices on the nth layer have degree dn. This triangulation can be realized via a circle packing which fills either the Euclidean or the hyperbolic plane. We give necessary and sufficient conditions to determine the type of the packing given the defining sequence {dn}.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ejsing-Duun, Stine
2011-01-01
This chapter analyses the relationship between players, the game world, and the ordinary world in alternative reality games (ARGs) and location-based games (LBGs). These games use technology to create a game world in the everyday scene. The topic of this chapter is the concept of the 'magic circle......', which defines the relationship between play and the ordinary world, and how this concept relates to a new kind of game....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jaeger, Thomas Arvid
2012-01-01
a common professional language like in mathematics, colour and music. The result is a weaker professionalism in the aesthetic competences compared to the professionalism and competences in other areas. A research project [1] on contrasts or opposites in form investigated the phenomenon in the fields...... by this model, and using the knowledge gathered from the other areas, especially perception psychology, it showed to be a possible way to organize contrasts in form, a system of 4 different opposites, geometric, organic, mass and structure: The Circle of Form....
Ruggles, Clive L. N.
During the 1970s and early 1980s, British archaeoastronomers were striving to bridge the interpretative gulf between the "megalithic observatories" of Alexander Thom and an archaeological mainstream that, generally speaking, was hostile to any mention of astronomy in relation to the megalithic monuments of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Britain. The Scottish recumbent stone circles (RSCs) came to represent an example where sounder methodology could overcome many of the data selection issues that had beset earlier studies and, with due restraint, produce credible interpretations. Systematic studies of their orientations consistently concluded that the RSCs had a strong lunar connection, and it was widely envisaged that they were the setting for ceremonies associated with the appearance of the moon over the recumbent stone. Other evidence such as the presence of white quartz and the spatial distribution of cupmarks appeared to back up this conclusion. New archaeological investigations since 1999 have challenged and modified these conclusions, confirming in particular that the circles were built to enclose cairns rather than to demarcate open spaces. Yet the restricted pattern of orientations of these structures could only have been achieved by reference to the basic diurnal motions of the skies, and orientation in relation to simple observations of the midsummer moon remains the most likely reading of the alignment evidence taken as a whole. On the other hand, a consideration of the broader context, which includes the nearby Clava cairns, highlights instead the symbolic importance of the sun.
van Gijn, Jan; Gijselhart, Joost P
2012-01-01
Thomas Willis (1621-1675) grew up in Wiltshire and studied medicine in Oxford, at a time when the city was besieged and then occupied by Parliamentarian troops. He started his career as a country doctor while concurrently taking part in informal gatherings with other scientists (William Petty, Christopher Wren and, later on, Robert Hooke, Richard Lower and Robert Boyle). They performed physical and chemical experiments and carried out a variety of tests on animals. After the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 Willis combined his practice with academic teaching. From then on he focused his studies on the structure and function of the brain, dissecting brains after removal from the skull and fixation in 'spirit of wine'. In his 'Cerebri anatome' of 1664, illustrated by Wren, he drew attention to the arterial circle at the base of the brain, including its physiological advantages. This arterial circle had been incompletely described by others in the past and fully, but only in writing, by Wepfer in 1658.
Colomo, F
2007-01-01
The problem of limit shapes in the six-vertex model with domain wall boundary conditions is addressed by considering a specially tailored bulk correlation function, the emptiness formation probability. A closed expression of this correlation function is given, both in terms of certain determinant and multiple integral, which allows for a systematic treatment of the limit shapes of the model for full range of values of vertex weights. Specifically, we show that for vertex weights corresponding to the free-fermion line on the phase diagram, the emptiness formation probability is related to a one-matrix model with a triple logarithmic singularity, or Triple Penner model. The saddle-point analysis of this model leads to the Arctic Circle Theorem, and its generalization to the Arctic Ellipses, known previously from domino tilings.
A Less Conservative Circle Criterion
2008-01-01
A weak form of the Circle Criterion for Lur'e systems is stated. The result allows prove global boundedness of all system solutions. Moreover such a result can be employed to enlarge the set of nonlinearities for which the standard Circle Criterion can guarantee absolute stability.
Partial covering of a circle by equal circles. Part II: The case of 5 circles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zsolt Gáspár
2014-05-01
Full Text Available How must n equal circles of given radius r be placed so that they cover as great a part of the area of the unit circle as possible? In this Part II of a two-part paper, a conjectured solution of this problem for n = 5 is given for r varying from the maximum packing radius to the minimum covering radius. Results are obtained by applying a mechanical model described in Part I. A generalized tensegrity structure is associated with a maximum area configuration of the 5 circles, and by using catastrophe theory, it is pointed out that the ''equilibrium paths'' have bifurcations, that is, at certain values of r, the type of the tensegrity structure and so the type of the circle configuration changes.
The Voronoi diagram of circles made easy
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Anton, François; Mioc, Darka; Gold, Christopher
2007-01-01
Proximity queries among circles could be effectively answered if the Delaunay graph for sets of circles could be computed in an efficient and exact way. In this paper, we first show a necessary and sufficient condition of connectivity of the Voronoi diagram of circles. Then, we show how the Delau......Proximity queries among circles could be effectively answered if the Delaunay graph for sets of circles could be computed in an efficient and exact way. In this paper, we first show a necessary and sufficient condition of connectivity of the Voronoi diagram of circles. Then, we show how...
Locating a minisum circle in the plane
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schöbel, Anita
2009-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities in the plane such that the sum of weighted distances between the circle and the facilities is minimized, i.e., we approximate a set of given points by a circle regarding the sum of weighted distances. If the radius...... of the circle is a variable we show that there always exists an optimal circle passing through two of the existing facilities. For the case of a fixed radius we provide characterizations of optimal circles in special cases. Solution procedures are suggested....
Topological conjugacy of circle diffeomorphisms
1995-01-01
The classical criterion for a circle diffeomorphism to be topologically conjugate to an irrational rigid rotation was given by A. Denjoy. In 1985, one of us (Sullivan) gave a new criterion. There is an example satisfying Denjoy's bounded variation condition rather than Sullivan's Zygmund condition and vice versa. This paper will give the third criterion which is implied by either of the above criteria.
Feeman, Timothy G.
2011-01-01
We generalize a standard example from precalculus and calculus texts to give a simple description in polar coordinates of any circle that passes through the origin. We discuss an occurrence of this formula in the context of medical imaging. (Contains 1 figure.)
The Circle Approach to Trigonometry
Moore, Kevin c.; LaForest, Kevin R.
2014-01-01
How do students think about an angle measure of ninety degrees? How do they think about ratios and values on the unit circle? How might angle measure be used to connect right-triangle trigonometry and circular functions? And why might asking these questions be important when introducing trigonometric functions to students? When teaching…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schöbel, Anita
2003-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a spherical circle with respect to existing facilities on a sphere, such that the sum of weighted distances between the circle and the facilities is minimized, or such that the maximum weighted distance is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and we...... give solution procedures. When the circle to be located is restricted to be a great circle, some simplifications are possible....
Yarning Circles in the Literacy Classroom
Mills, Kathy A.; Sunderland, Naomi; Davis-Warra, John
2014-01-01
This article explains how the speaking and listening practice of yarning circles can be used in the literacy classroom. The article opens with an account of a live enactment of yarning circles with elementary students in a mainstream classroom in Australia. It explains the purpose and origin of yarning circles in Indigenous communities, and…
Science Literacy Circles: Big Ideas about Science
Devick-Fry, Jane; LeSage, Teresa
2010-01-01
Science literacy circles incorporate the organization of both science notebooks and literature circles to help K-8 students internalize big ideas about science. Using science literacy circles gives students opportunities to engage in critical thinking as they inductively develop understanding about science concepts. (Contains 1 table and 7…
Cosmic crystallography in a circle
Teixeira, A F F
2000-01-01
In a circle (an $S^1$) with circumference 1 assume $m$ objects distributed pseudo-randomly. In the universal covering $R^1$ assume the objects replicated accordingly, and take an interval $L>1$. In this interval, make the normalized histogram of the pair separations which are not an integer. The theoretical (expected) such histogram is obtained in this report, as well as its difference to a similar histogram for non-replicated objects. The whole study is of interest for the cosmic crystallography.
On a conjecture concerning helly circle graphs
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Durán Guillermo
2003-01-01
Full Text Available We say that G is an e-circle graph if there is a bijection between its vertices and straight lines on the cartesian plane such that two vertices are adjacent in G if and only if the corresponding lines intersect inside the circle of radius one. This definition suggests a method for deciding whether a given graph G is an e-circle graph, by constructing a convenient system S of equations and inequations which represents the structure of G, in such a way that G is an e-circle graph if and only if S has a solution. In fact, e-circle graphs are exactly the circle graphs (intersection graphs of chords in a circle, and thus this method provides an analytic way for recognizing circle graphs. A graph G is a Helly circle graph if G is a circle graph and there exists a model of G by chords such that every three pairwise intersecting chords intersect at the same point. A conjecture by Durán (2000 states that G is a Helly circle graph if and only if G is a circle graph and contains no induced diamonds (a diamond is a graph formed by four vertices and five edges. Many unsuccessful efforts - mainly based on combinatorial and geometrical approaches - have been done in order to validate this conjecture. In this work, we utilize the ideas behind the definition of e-circle graphs and restate this conjecture in terms of an equivalence between two systems of equations and inequations, providing a new, analytic tool to deal with it.
Chadzitaskos, G; Tolar, J
2011-01-01
We present a possible construction of coherent states on the unit circle as configuration space. In our approach the phase space is the product Z x S^1. Because of the duality of canonical coordinates and momenta, i.e. the angular variable and the integers, this formulation can also be interpreted as coherent states over an infinite periodic chain. For the construction we use the analogy with our quantization over a finite periodic chain where the phase space was Z_M x Z_M. Properties of the coherent states constructed in this way are studied and the coherent states are shown to satisfy the resolution of unity.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schöbel, Anita
2007-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a spherical circle with respect to existing facilities on a sphere, such that the sum of distances between the circle and the facilities is minimized or such that the maximum distance is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and we give solution...... procedures. When the circle to be located is restricted to be a great circle, some simplifications are possible. The models may be used in preliminary studies on the location of large linear facilities on the earth's surface, such as superhighways, pipelines, and transmission lines, or in totally different...
Euclidean Circles and Their Modular Images.
Austin, Joe Dan
1990-01-01
Shows a series of Euclidean equations using the Euclidean algorithm to get the greatest common divisor of two integers. Describes the use of the equations to generate a series of circles. Discusses computer generation of Euclidean circles and provides a BASIC program. (YP)
Building Background Knowledge within Literature Circles
Barone, Diane; Barone, Rebecca
2012-01-01
The authors examined the strength of literature circles in developing background knowledge--an acknowledged sticking point in the development of understanding for middle graders--with a special focus on the literature circle role of "investigator," where it is student initiative and not teacher direction that guides comprehension. Observing…
Unit Circles and Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Barrera, Azael
2014-01-01
Historical accounts of trigonometry refer to the works of many Indian and Arab astronomers on the origin of the trigonometric functions as we know them now, in particular Abu al-Wafa (ca. 980 CE), who determined and named all known trigonometric functions from segments constructed on a regular circle and later on a unit circle (Moussa 2011;…
Lines, Circles, Planes and Spheres
Purdy, George B
2009-01-01
Let $S$ be a set of $n$ points in $\\mathbb{R}^3$, no three collinear and not all coplanar. If at most $n-k$ are coplanar and $n$ is sufficiently large, the total number of planes determined is at least $1 + k \\binom{n-k}{2}-\\binom{k}{2}(\\frac{n-k}{2})$. For similar conditions and sufficiently large $n$, (inspired by the work of P. D. T. A. Elliott in \\cite{Ell67}) we also show that the number of spheres determined by $n$ points is at least $1+\\binom{n-1}{3}-t_3^{orchard}(n-1)$, and this bound is best possible under its hypothesis. (By $t_3^{orchard}(n)$, we are denoting the maximum number of three-point lines attainable by a configuration of $n$ points, no four collinear, in the plane, i.e., the classic Orchard Problem.) New lower bounds are also given for both lines and circles.
Plasmid Rolling-Circle Replication.
Ruiz-Masó, J A; MachóN, C; Bordanaba-Ruiseco, L; Espinosa, M; Coll, M; Del Solar, G
2015-02-01
Plasmids are DNA entities that undergo controlled replication independent of the chromosomal DNA, a crucial step that guarantees the prevalence of the plasmid in its host. DNA replication has to cope with the incapacity of the DNA polymerases to start de novo DNA synthesis, and different replication mechanisms offer diverse solutions to this problem. Rolling-circle replication (RCR) is a mechanism adopted by certain plasmids, among other genetic elements, that represents one of the simplest initiation strategies, that is, the nicking by a replication initiator protein on one parental strand to generate the primer for leading-strand initiation and a single priming site for lagging-strand synthesis. All RCR plasmid genomes consist of a number of basic elements: leading strand initiation and control, lagging strand origin, phenotypic determinants, and mobilization, generally in that order of frequency. RCR has been mainly characterized in Gram-positive bacterial plasmids, although it has also been described in Gram-negative bacterial or archaeal plasmids. Here we aim to provide an overview of the RCR plasmids' lifestyle, with emphasis on their characteristic traits, promiscuity, stability, utility as vectors, etc. While RCR is one of the best-characterized plasmid replication mechanisms, there are still many questions left unanswered, which will be pointed out along the way in this review.
Circle Detection Based on HSI Color Space
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MAOXia; LIXing-xin; XUEYu-li
2005-01-01
A method based on HSI color space is presented to solve the problem of circle detection from color images. In terms of the evaluation to the edge detection method based on intensity, the edge detection based on hue is chosen to process the color image, and the simplified calculation of hue transform is discussed. Then the algorithm of circle detection based on Canny edge detection is proposed. Due to the dispersive distribution of the detected result, Hough transformation and template smooth are used in circle detection, and the proposed method gives a quite good result.
Examination of the Circle Spline Routine
Dolin, R. M.; Jaeger, D. L.
1985-01-01
The Circle Spline routine is currently being used for generating both two and three dimensional spline curves. It was developed for use in ESCHER, a mesh generating routine written to provide a computationally simple and efficient method for building meshes along curved surfaces. Circle Spline is a parametric linear blending spline. Because many computerized machining operations involve circular shapes, the Circle Spline is well suited for both the design and manufacturing processes and shows promise as an alternative to the spline methods currently supported by the Initial Graphics Specification (IGES).
Darboux cyclides and webs from circles
Pottmann, Helmut
2012-01-01
Motivated by potential applications in architecture, we study Darboux cyclides. These algebraic surfaces of order ≤4 are a superset of Dupin cyclides and quadrics, and they carry up to six real families of circles. Revisiting the classical approach to these surfaces based on the spherical model of 3D Möbius geometry, we provide computational tools for the identification of circle families on a given cyclide and for the direct design of those. In particular, we show that certain triples of circle families may be arranged as so-called hexagonal webs, and we provide a complete classification of all possible hexagonal webs of circles on Darboux cyclides. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Enhanced Quantization: The particle on the circle
Geloun, Joseph Ben
2012-01-01
Enhanced quantization is an improved program for overcoming difficulties which may arise during an ordinary canonical quantization procedure. We review here how this program applies for a particle on circle.
Circle Packing for Origami Design Is Hard
Demaine, Erik D; Lang, Robert J
2010-01-01
We show that deciding whether a given set of circles can be packed into a rectangle, an equilateral triangle, or a unit square are NP-hard problems, settling the complexity of these natural packing problems. On the positive side, we show that any set of circles of total area 1 can be packed into a square of size 8/pi=2.546... These results are motivated by problems arising in the context of origami design.
Maxi-circles and mini-circles in kinetoplast DNA from Trypanosoma cruzi.
W. Leon; A.C.C. Frasch; J.H.J. Hoeijmakers (Jan); F. Fase-Fowler; P. Borst (Piet); F. Brunel; J. Davison
1980-01-01
textabstractMaxi-circles are a minor component of kinetoplast DNAs from all trypanosomatids studied, but they have not previously been found in Trypanosoma cruzi; We have spread intact kinetoplast DNA from the epimastigotes of strain Y in protein monolayers and analysed the mini-circle networks by e
Expanding-Circle Students Learning "Standard English" in the Outer-Circle Asia
Kobayashi, Yoko
2011-01-01
Drawing upon Kachru's concentric circles of English, the present study explores whether middle-class Japanese students who chose to study English solo at private language schools in Singapore diverge from many others who (wish to) study inner-circle English. The study is stimulated by the repeated interdisciplinary findings that, in spite of the…
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AND THE ECONOMY VICIOUS CIRCLES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
MEDAR LUCIAN ION
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Education for sustainable development, involves training honest, active, social and creative persons for ensuring the link between environment, society, economy and politics. Trained entrepreneurs in sustainable development, are the engine system which can bring an economic prosperity. Lack of entrepreneurial education in the last 25 years has led accentuated conditions to avoiding economic development in all reference fields where added value can be achieved. Running away from excessive taxation led to the establishment of vicious circles in the economy. Vicious circles of the economy can be found in saving, tax policy, productive investment and the informal economy. Through this study will present the importance of entrepreneurship education in the real economy and some specifications to exit entrepreneurs from vicious circles of the economy.
Synchronisation in Coupled Sine Circle Maps
Chatterjee, N; Chatterjee, Nandini; Gupte, Neelima
1995-01-01
We study the spatially synchronized and temporally periodic solutions of a 1-d lattice of coupled sine circle maps. We carry out an analytic stability analysis of this spatially synchronized and temporally periodic case and obtain the stability matrix in a neat block diagonal form. We find spatially synchronized behaviour over a substantial range of parameter space. We have also extended the analysis to higher spatial periods with similar results. Numerical simulations for various temporal periods of the synchronized solution, reveal that the entire structure of the Arnold tongues and the devil's staircase seen in the case of the single circle map can also be observed for the synchronized coupled sine circle map lattice. Our formalism should be useful in the study of spatially periodic behaviour in other coupled map lattices.
Packing circles and spheres on surfaces
Schiftner, Alexander
2009-12-01
Inspired by freeform designs in architecture which involve circles and spheres, we introduce a new kind of triangle mesh whose faces\\' incircles form a packing. As it turns out, such meshes have a rich geometry and allow us to cover surfaces with circle patterns, sphere packings, approximate circle packings, hexagonal meshes which carry a torsion-free support structure, hybrid tri-hex meshes, and others. We show how triangle meshes can be optimized so as to have the incircle packing property. We explain their relation to conformal geometry and implications on solvability of optimization. The examples we give confirm that this kind of meshes is a rich source of geometric structures relevant to architectural geometry.
Packing circles and spheres on surfaces
Schiftner, Alexander
2009-01-01
Inspired by freeform designs in architecture which involve circles and spheres, we introduce a new kind of triangle mesh whose faces\\' incircles form a packing. As it turns out, such meshes have a rich geometry and allow us to cover surfaces with circle patterns, sphere packings, approximate circle packings, hexagonal meshes which carry a torsion-free support structure, hybrid tri-hex meshes, and others. We show how triangle meshes can be optimized so as to have the incircle packing property. We explain their relation to conformal geometry and implications on solvability of optimization. The examples we give confirm that this kind of meshes is a rich source of geometric structures relevant to architectural geometry. © 2009 ACM.
Partial covering of a circle by equal circles. Part I: The mechanical models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zsolt Gáspár
2014-05-01
Full Text Available How must n equal circles of given radius be placed so that they cover as great a part of the area of the unit circle as possible? To analyse this mathematical problem, mechanical models are introduced. A generalized tensegrity structure is associated with a maximum area configuration of the n circles, whose equilibrium configuration is determined numerically with the method of dynamic relaxation, and the stability of equilibrium is investigated by means of the stiffness matrix of the tensegrity structure. In this Part I, the principles of the models are presented, while an application will be shown in the forthcoming Part II.
On circle map coupled map lattice
Ahmed, E
2002-01-01
Circle map in one and two dimensions is studied. Both its stability, synchronization using bounded control and persistence is discussed. This work is expected to be applicable in ecology where spatial effects are known to be important. Also it will be relevant to systems where delay effects are not negligible.
Syllable Circles for Pronunciation Learning and Teaching
Whipple, John; Cullen, Charlie; Gardiner, Keith; Savage, Tim
2015-01-01
Syllable Circles are interactive visualizations representing prominence as a feature in short phrases or multi-syllable words. They were designed for computer-aided pronunciation teaching. This study explores whether and how interactive visualizations can affect language learners' awareness of prominence, or stress, in English pronunciation. The…
Information flow through the disaster circle
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Egedorf, Maren Marie; Villanueva Holm-Nielsen, Pablo
2015-01-01
The traditional view of the disaster circle is phase based. Disaster and development professionals recognize that the actions carried out in the various phases of the disaster management cycle are overlapping and build upon each other, having resilience as the overall goal. However information do...
Community Social Work and the Learning Circle
Lavan, Ann
2008-01-01
Outlines an approach for introducing students to Community Social Work by use of clear, engaging stated objectives. Approach is called the Learning Circle and was devised as a tool to enhance student participation and to stimulate networking, dialogue and conversation about social work commitment to community intervention and community-based…
Mathematics Teachers Circle around Problem Solving
Fernandes, Anthony; Koehler, Jacob; Reiter, Harold
2011-01-01
Making problem solving a central part of teaching may be challenging to teachers who have limited experiences in learning and teaching mathematics in this way. Math Teachers' Circles were developed with the aim of establishing a "culture of problem solving" among middle school mathematics teachers. This culture could then be carried back into…
Quantization of Presymplectic Manifolds and Circle Actions
Silva, A C; Tolman, S; Silva, Ana Canas da; Karshon, Yael; Tolman, Susan
1997-01-01
We prove several versions of "quantization commutes with reduction" for circle actions on manifolds that are not symplectic. Instead, these manifolds possess a weaker structure, such as a spin^c structure. Our theorems work whenever the quantization data and the reduction data are compatible; this condition always holds if we start from a presymplectic (in particular, symplectic) manifold.
AN ITERATIVE EQUATION ON THE UNIT CIRCLE
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
A functional equation of nonlinear iterates is discussed on the circle S1 for its continuous solutions and differentiable solutions. By lifting to R, the existence, uniqueness and stability of those solutions are obtained. Techniques of continuation are used to guarantee the preservation of continuity and differentiability in lifting.
THREE CIRCLES MODEL REVITALISASI LEMBAGA PENGELOLA ZAKAT
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yulinartati Yulinartati
2013-12-01
of revitalization of management of zakat, infak, and sadaqah institutions. Type of research is survey research by applying descriptive qualitative method. The results of this study found that management needs to revitalize institutions of zakat, infak, and sedekah as described in the Three Circles Model.
Locating a circle on the plane using the minimax criterion
2006-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities on the plane, such that the largest weighted distance between the circle and the facilities is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and a solution procedure proposed.
Locating a circle on the plane using the minimax criterion
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schoebel, Anita
2006-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities on the plane, such that the largest weighted distance between the circle and the facilities is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and a solution procedure proposed.......We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities on the plane, such that the largest weighted distance between the circle and the facilities is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and a solution procedure proposed....
A Spring Playscape Project: Building a Tree Circle
Keeler, Rusty
2009-01-01
The Tree Circle is a green gathering area for children made by planting trees in a circle. For children, the Tree Circle becomes a magical place for dramatic play, quiet retreat, or lively nature exploration. For teachers and parents it becomes a shady grove for snacks and stories. The trees create a sweet spot that changes during the seasons and…
Optimal State Estimation of Pure Qubits on Circles
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
A. Ugulava; ZHANG Li-Hua; L. Chotorlishvili; SONG Wei; V. Skrinnikov; CAO Zhuo-Liang; G. Mchedlishvili
2008-01-01
We consider the problem of state estimation of qubits chosen from circles. It is shown that any qubit encoded in pairs chosen from a fixed circle parallel to the x-y equator with different phases contains the same information. We also investigate the problem of state estimation of qubits from three circles. The optimal estimation fidelity is derived.
The "Us" in Discuss: Grouping in Literature Circles
Batchelor, Katherine
2012-01-01
This article describes one middle school teacher's use of literature circles using heterogeneous grouping. It begins with a brief rationale for using literature circles in the language arts classroom. Next, it describes techniques to form literature circles. Then, it shares how to build and establish a supportive environment within each group. It…
Function representation with circle inversion map systems
Boreland, Bryson; Kunze, Herb
2017-01-01
The fractals literature develops the now well-known concept of local iterated function systems (using affine maps) with grey-level maps (LIFSM) as an approach to function representation in terms of the associated fixed point of the so-called fractal transform. While originally explored as a method to achieve signal (and 2-D image) compression, more recent work has explored various aspects of signal and image processing using this machinery. In this paper, we develop a similar framework for function representation using circle inversion map systems. Given a circle C with centre õ and radius r, inversion with respect to C transforms the point p˜ to the point p˜', such that p˜ and p˜' lie on the same radial half-line from õ and d(õ, p˜)d(õ, p˜') = r2, where d is Euclidean distance. We demonstrate the results with an example.
Robust Controller Synthesis Based on Circle Criterion
Fuwa, Katsuhiko; Kato, Hiroyuki; Kando, Hisashi
It is well-known that stability margins (gain and phase margins) are important quantitative indicators for evaluating stability in feedback control system synthesis. However, when we use conventional techniques based on such stability margins, it may be difficult to suppress the vibration from high-order modes of mechanical system. This paper proposes the robust controller synthesis which achieves both the conventional stability margins and the second phase margin which is a quantitative indicator for suppressing the vibration. The basic idea is to synthesize controller such that the Nyquist locus of open-loop transfer function encircles the immediate outer side of the circle which is specified by the conventional stability margins and the second phase margin. This is formulated as modified H∞ mixed sensitivity problem with the weighting constants which are decided by the center and radius of the circle.
Circle Points Discharge Tube Current Controller
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Meng Jinjia; Meng Lisheng
2005-01-01
Circle points discharge tube current controller is a new type device to limit theoutput of high voltage discharge current. Circle points uniform corona discharge to form airionization current in the discharge tube. On the outside, even if the discharge electrode is sparkdischarging or the two discharge electrodes are short circuited, the air ionization current in the tuberemains within a stable range, and there is no spark discharge. In this case, when the dischargecurrent only increases slightly, the requirement to limited current is obtained. By installing thecontroller at a discharge pole with a small power but high voltage supply, we can realize the shiftbetween the continuous spark line discharge and corona discharge. This provides a new simpledevice for spark discharge research and is a supplement to the Townsend discharge experiment.
CHARACTERISTICS OF HYDROCARBON EXPLOITATION IN ARCTIC CIRCLE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vanja Lež
2013-12-01
Full Text Available The existence of large quantities of hydrocarbons is supposed within the Arctic Circle. Assumed quantities are 25% of the total undiscovered hydrocarbon reserves on Earth, mostly natural gas. Over 500 major and minor gas accumulations within the Arctic Circle were discovered so far, but apart from Snøhvit gas field, there is no commercial exploitation of natural gas from these fields. Arctic gas projects are complicated, technically hard to accomplish, and pose a great threat to the return of investment, safety of people and equipment and for the ecosystem. Russia is a country that is closest to the realization of the Arctic gas projects that are based on the giant gas fields. The most extreme weather conditions in the seas around Greenland are the reason why this Arctic region is the least explored and furthest from the realization of any gas project (the paper is published in Croatian .
Rolling circle amplification of metazoan mitochondrialgenomes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Simison, W. Brian; Lindberg, D.R.; Boore, J.L.
2005-07-31
Here we report the successful use of rolling circle amplification (RCA) for the amplification of complete metazoan mt genomes to make a product that is amenable to high-throughput genome sequencing techniques. The benefits of RCA over PCR are many and with further development and refinement of RCA, the sequencing of organellar genomics will require far less time and effort than current long PCR approaches.
Morphometric analysis of Willis circle arteries
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alma Voljevica
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Introduction: Willis arterial circle (circulus arteriosus cerebri Willisi is the most important part of the collateral circulatory system of the brain. It functions in normal and pathological situations such as valvular mechanism and thus allows optimal blood supply of all parts of the brain tissue, which reduces the risk of transient ischemic attack (TIA and stroke. The main pre-requisite for the normal function of the circle is its completeness and the lack of hypoplastic vessels. Materials and Methods: In this research, we used 100 angiograms of carotid system shown by serial angiography by Seldinger taken from the archives of the Department of Radiology, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo. For morphometric analysis of blood vessels, we used specially designed software program ELLIPSE (ViDiTo, Zoltan Tomoris, Kosice, Slovak Republic, tomori@saske.sk. In this way, it was possible to more easily store and analyze angiograms that were used for morphometric analysis. Results: In our study, larger diameters of blood vessels in Willis circle were observed in the younger subjects compared to older except the diameter of the internal carotid artery, which was about 0.2 to 0.3 mm larger in the older subjects. In both age groups among males, we recorded larger diameters of the internal carotid artery and segment before the circle of the posterior cerebral artery in relation to the female population, while the rear communicating artery in females was 0.1 mm wider in diameter compared to men in category of younger respondents.
The Bakhtin Circle and Applied Linguistics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Newton Duarte Molon
2012-11-01
Full Text Available This article aims at presenting the relations between the theoretical formulations of the Bakhtin Circle and the current discussion on the scope of the so called Applied Linguistics (AL. In order to do that, we will briefly outline the history of AL, present the main conceptions of the Bakhtin Circle‟s thought, and build possible dialogues between the theoretical formulations of the Russian thinkers and the main issues of the current debate in Applied Linguistics.
Convex functions and the rolling circle criterion
1995-01-01
Given 0≤R1≤R2≤∞, CVG(R1,R2) denotes the class of normalized convex functions f in the unit disc U, for which ∂f(U) satisfies a Blaschke Rolling Circles Criterion with radii R1 and R2. Necessary and sufficient conditions for R1=R2, growth and distortion theorems for CVG(R1,R2) and rotation theorem for the class of convex functions of bounded type, are found.
Arabia: from craters to stone circles
Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina
2010-01-01
The Arabia Shield has a volcanic nature inside. A region of the Western Saudi Arabia is in fact covered with vast fields of lava known as harraat. These lands are spotted by many stone circles and other quite interesting archaeological remains of the Neolithic period, such as the "desert kites", the hunters used to guide the game across the harrah in some corrals. With Google Maps, we can observe both sceneries, the volcanic nature of the land and a portrait of Arabia during the Neolithic times.
Estimation of pure qubits on circles
Braunstein, S L; Severini, S; Braunstein, Samuel L.; Ghosh, Sibasish; Severini, Simone
2004-01-01
Gisin and Popescu [PRL, 83, 432 (1999)] have shown that more information about their direction can be obtained from a pair of anti-parallel spins compared to a pair of parallel spins, where the first member of the pair (which we call the pointer member) can point equally along any direction in the Bloch sphere. They argued that this was due to the difference in dimensionality spanned by these two alphabets of states. Here we consider similar alphabets, but with the first spin restricted to a fixed small circle of the Bloch sphere. In this case, the dimensionality spanned by the anti-parallel versus parallel alphabet is now equal. However, the anti-parallel alphabet is found to still contain more information in general. We generalize this to having N parallel spins and M anti-parallel spins. When the pointer member is restricted to a small circle these alphabets again span spaces of equal dimension, yet in general, more directional information can be found for sets with smaller |N-M| for any fixed total number...
Neurodynamics in Randomly Coupled Circle Maps
Matsuno, Tetsuya; Toko, Kiyoshi; Yamafuji, Kaoru
1996-05-01
The dynamics of retrieval processes in a system composed of coupled circle maps is studied by means of a statistical method and numerical simulations. Phase patterns are embedded in coupling parameters so that the system may work as an associative memory system. A parameter, which is an amplification factor multiplied to all the coupling strengths, is introduced for investigating the effect of the strength of the coupling nonlinearity on the behavior of the system concerned. The statistical method provides a set of time evolution equations representing the macroscopic behavior. It is found that the storage capacity is considerably enhanced by the introduced amplification factor. It is also shown that the system exhibits macroscopic chaotic oscillations when the strength of the coupling is sufficiently large. Moreover, the clustering is observed, as in other types of the globally coupled nonlinear systems.
Fast transport optimization on the circle
Delon, Julie; Sobolevskii, Andrei
2009-01-01
Consider the problem of optimally matching two measures on the circle, or equivalently two periodic measures on the real line, and suppose the cost of matching two points satisfies the Monge condition. We introduce a notion of locally optimal transport plan, motivated by the weak KAM (Aubry-Mather) theory, and show that all locally optimal transport plans are conjugate to shifts. This theory is applied to a transportation problem arising in image processing: for two sets of point masses, both of which have the same total mass, find an optimal transport plan with respect to a given cost function that satisfies the Monge condition. For the case of N real-valued point masses we present an O(N log epsilon) algorithm that approximates the optimal cost within epsilon; when all masses are integer multiples of 1/M, the algorithm gives an exact solution in O(N log M) operations.
Controlled Microwave Heating Accelerates Rolling Circle Amplification.
Yoshimura, Takeo; Suzuki, Takamasa; Mineki, Shigeru; Ohuchi, Shokichi
2015-01-01
Rolling circle amplification (RCA) generates single-stranded DNAs or RNA, and the diverse applications of this isothermal technique range from the sensitive detection of nucleic acids to analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Microwave chemistry is widely applied to increase reaction rate as well as product yield and purity. The objectives of the present research were to apply microwave heating to RCA and indicate factors that contribute to the microwave selective heating effect. The microwave reaction temperature was strictly controlled using a microwave applicator optimized for enzymatic-scale reactions. Here, we showed that microwave-assisted RCA reactions catalyzed by either of the four thermostable DNA polymerases were accelerated over 4-folds compared with conventional RCA. Furthermore, the temperatures of the individual buffer components were specifically influenced by microwave heating. We concluded that microwave heating accelerated isothermal RCA of DNA because of the differential heating mechanisms of microwaves on the temperatures of reaction components, although the overall reaction temperatures were the same.
The Vienna circles: cultivating economic knowledge outside academia
E. Dekker (Erwin)
2014-01-01
markdownabstract__Abstract__ This article examines the intellectual scenery of interwar Vienna. It argues that its central institution was not academia, but rather the circles (‘Kreise’). The prominence of these circles can partly account for the creative outburst in the social sciences in interwar
DNA circles with cruciforms from Isospora (Toxoplasma) gondii
Weijers, P.J.; Borst, P.; Overdulve, J.P.; Fase-Fowler, F.; Berg, Marlene van den
1984-01-01
We have isolated a closed circular duplex DNA fraction from the unicellular parasite Isospora (Toxoplasma) gondii and examined the purified DNA by electron microscopy. A major part of this circular DNA consists of 12-μm circles containing a cruciform with 0.5-μm tails. We also found 23-μm circles wi
Integrating Literature Circles into a Cotaught Inclusive Classroom
Whittaker, Catharine R.
2012-01-01
Literature circles or book clubs are small, heterogeneous groups of students who have chosen to read and discuss the same book together. The research on literature circles suggests that they hold great promise for increasing students' enjoyment of reading and honing their literacy skills. When evidence-based strategies are embedded into a…
Locating a general minisum 'circle' on a plane
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Körner, Mark-Christoph
2011-01-01
We approximate a set of given points in the plane by the boundary of a convex and symmetric set which is the unit circle of some norm. This generalizes previous work on the subject which considers Euclidean circles only. More precisely, we examine the problem of locating and scaling the unit circ...
Locating a circle on the plane using the minimax criterion
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schöbel, Anita
2009-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities on the plane, such that the largest weighted distance between the circumference of the circle and the facilities is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and a solution procedure proposed...
Geometric fit of a point set by generalized circles
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Körner, Mark-Christopher; Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik;
2010-01-01
In our paper we approximate a set of given points by a general circle. More precisely, given two norms k 1 and k 2 and a set of points in the plane, we consider the problem of locating and scaling the unit circle of norm k 1 such that the sum of weighted distances between the circumference of the...
An Effective Time and Management Strategy in Quality Circles.
Halverson, Don E.
Contending that participation in quality circles enhances effective time management by school administrators and teachers, this guide provides both a theoretical briefing and practical recommendations for better time management. A pre- posttest prefaces a review of basic concepts of quality circles with reference to the work of Abraham Maslow,…
Androgen circle of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Homburg, Roy
2009-07-01
Although the aetiology of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still not known and the search for causative genes is proving elusive, it is generally agreed that hyperandrogenism is at the heart of the syndrome. Here, it is proposed that excess androgens are the root cause of PCOS starting from their influence on the female fetus in programming gene expression, producing the characteristic signs and symptoms which are then exacerbated by a propagation of excess ovarian androgen production from multiple small follicles, anovulation and insulin resistance in the reproductive life-span, thus setting up a vicious perpetual circle of androgen excess. This opinion paper, rather than being a full-scale review, is intentionally biased in support of this hypothesis that androgen excess is the 'root of all evil' in PCOS; in the hope that its acceptance could lead to more direct treatment of the syndrome in all its facets rather than the symptomatic treatment of side effects of androgen excess that we are addressing today.
Inhomogeneous field theory inside the arctic circle
Allegra, Nicolas; Dubail, Jérôme; Stéphan, Jean-Marie; Viti, Jacopo
2016-05-01
Motivated by quantum quenches in spin chains, a one-dimensional toy-model of fermionic particles evolving in imaginary-time from a domain-wall initial state is solved. The main interest of this toy-model is that it exhibits the arctic circle phenomenon, namely a spatial phase separation between a critically fluctuating region and a frozen region. Large-scale correlations inside the critical region are expressed in terms of correlators in a (euclidean) two-dimensional massless Dirac field theory. It is observed that this theory is inhomogenous: the metric is position-dependent, so it is in fact a Dirac theory in curved space. The technique used to solve the toy-model is then extended to deal with the transfer matrices of other models: dimers on the honeycomb and square lattice, and the six-vertex model at the free fermion point (Δ =0 ). In all cases, explicit expressions are given for the long-range correlations in the critical region, as well as for the underlying Dirac action. Although the setup developed here is heavily based on fermionic observables, the results can be translated into the language of height configurations and of the gaussian free field, via bosonization. Correlations close to the phase boundary and the generic appearance of Airy processes in all these models are also briefly revisited in the appendix.
Varga, Richard S
2004-01-01
TheGer? sgorin CircleTheorem, averywell-known resultin linear algebra today, stems from the paper of S. Ger? sgorin in 1931 (which is reproduced in AppendixD)where,givenanarbitraryn×ncomplexmatrix,easyarithmetic operationsontheentriesofthematrixproducendisks,inthecomplexplane, whose union contains all eigenvalues of the given matrix. The beauty and simplicity of Ger? sgorin’s Theorem has undoubtedly inspired further research in this area, resulting in hundreds of papers in which the name “Ger? sgorin” appears. The goal of this book is to give a careful and up-to-date treatment of various aspects of this topic. The author ?rst learned of Ger? sgorin’s results from friendly conversations with Olga Taussky-Todd and John Todd, which inspired me to work in this area.Olgawasclearlypassionateaboutlinearalgebraandmatrixtheory,and her path-?nding results in these areas were like a magnet to many, including this author! It is the author’s hope that the results, presented here on topics related to Ger? sgorin...
Yang-Lee Circle Theorem for an Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Ladder
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王先智
2001-01-01
The Yang-Lee zeros of an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg ladder model are determined. It is found that if J4≤0 Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and on the negative real axis in the complex activity plane. In particular, if J4≤0 and 2J2≥J4, Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and the Yang-Lee circle theorem is valid. If J4 ＞ 0, Yang-Lee zeros are located on some complicated curves.
Design and Calculation of the Resistance Circles for Wooden Barrels
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adriana FOTIN
2011-03-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a design methodology for the circles of wooden barrels, usingappropriate strength calculations, so as to provide tightness while maintaining the integrity of the woodenmaterial embedded in the barrel structure, in the jacket and bottom staves, respectively.Based on these calculations, the circle dimensions (length, width and thickness can be defined,depending on the barrel type (for transport or storage and their relation to the barrel bottoms.Defining the dimensional characteristics of the circles is mandatory, as these are safety elements in thebarrel operation.
Bounded Gain of Energy on the Breathing Circle Billiard
Oliffson-Kamphorst, S; Kamphorst, Sylvie Oliffson; Carvalho, Sonia Pinto de
1998-01-01
The Breathing Circle is a 2-dimensional generalization of the Fermi Accelerator. It is shown that the billiard map associated to this model has invariant curves in phase space, implying that any particle will have bounded gain of energy.
The Blaschke conjecture and great circle fibrations of spheres
2001-01-01
We construct an explicit diffeomorphism taking any fibration of a sphere by great circles into the Hopf fibration, using elementary geometry--indeed the diffeomorphism is a local (differential) invariant, algebraic in derivatives.
Parhelic-like circle from light scattering in Plateau borders
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tufaile, A., E-mail: tufaile@usp.br; Tufaile, A.P.B.
2015-03-06
We are reporting a new simple optical element to generate halos. We have observed interesting patterns of light scattering in Plateau borders in foams. In analogy to the atmospheric phenomena known as parhelic circle, sun dogs, and sun pillars, we have named the features of the patterns observed as parlaseric circle, laser dogs, and laser pillars. The triangular symmetry of the Plateau borders is analogous to the hexagonal symmetry of ice crystals which produce these atmospheric phenomena. Working with one Plateau border at a time, we have observed wave optics phenomena that are not perceived in the atmospheric phenomena, such as diffraction and interference. - Highlights: • We obtained halo formation from light scattering in a Plateau border using an experiment. • We explained halo formation using geometrical theory of diffraction. • An optical element based on a Plateau border is proposed. • We compared some aspects of the parhelic circle with the parlaseric circle.
Optimal impulsive ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2009-01-01
The problem of ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous with chaser spacecraft in low eccentricity was investigated in this paper.With reference frame established in the centroid of the target spacecraft,the process of ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous was described by the relative equations based on cy-lindrical reference frame,and then the solutions and distributions of optimal rendezvous models of a kind of close ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous were provided.The simulation results showed that the guidance law based on the optimal rendezvous model in this research has good performance,and that the distributions of optimal rendezvous models of ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous with the chaser spacecraft in low eccentricity are similar,albeit with slight difference,to those of rendezvous between close circular orbits.The work in this paper is a useful extension to Prussing’s optimal ren-dezvous theory between close circular orbits.
The Euler Line and Nine-Point-Circle Theorems.
Eccles, Frank M.
1999-01-01
Introduces the Euler line theorem and the nine-point-circle theorem which emphasize transformations and the power of functions in a geometric concept. Presents definitions and proofs of theorems. (ASK)
Circle of Life——Symbolism in The Winter's Tale
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李潇雨
2007-01-01
This essay tries to illustrate Winter's Tale's symbolic meaning about human life.It draws conclusion that Shakespeare's plan is to combine the natural rule of seasonal cycle with the life circle of human world.
Biology coming full circle: joining the whole and the parts.
Wikswo, John P; Porter, Andrew P
2015-01-01
The new cover of Experimental Biology and Medicine features the hermeneutic circle of biology, a concept we have adapted from the hermeneutic principle that one understands the whole only in terms of each part and the parts only in terms of the whole. Our hermeneutic circle summarizes the course of experimental biology through 2500 years of the achievements of reductionist research (understanding the parts), which culminates in our ability to rapidly sequence the genome. Rather than returning along the same path in a constructionist approach that simply builds upon this knowledge, but in reverse, an alternative is to close the circle with synthetic constructions that seek to integrate the full complexity of biological and physiological systems (understanding the whole), of which organs-on-chips are one example. This closing of the circle cannot be a comprehensively accurate representation of biology, but it can be a synthetic one that effectively defines particular biological subsystems. The illustration of the hermeneutic circle of biology is also intended to suggest both the multiple cycles that may be required to reach such a synthesis and the expansion of the circle in an outward spiral as knowledge increases. Our commentary explains the symbolism of the new cover in a philosophical and scientific discussion.
Three Concentric Circles: Young Chinese English Learners' Perceptions of Purposeful Audiences
Liu, Jack Jinghui
2015-01-01
English learners have more access to communicate with different purposeful audiences across the Three Concentric Circles of English (Kachu, 1985): the Inner Circle, the Outer Circle and the Expanding Circle. However, young language learners' purposeful audience as a focus of communication has not been emphasized as much as other linguistic…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Carlo Penco
2013-03-01
Full Text Available A discussion of The Vienna Circle and the Nordic Countries. Networks and Transformations of Logical Empiricism, edited by Juha Manninen and Friedrich Stadtler, Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook vol.14, Springer, 2010.
Talking Circles for Adolescent Girls in an Urban High School
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ann Schumacher
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Restorative Practices (RP in schools is a new and emerging field. Meeting in Circles to build friendships, develop emotional literacy skills, resolve conflict, or learn interactively are some of the core components of these programs. This article describes a 2-year study of 12 weekly Talking Circles organized under the auspices of a RP program in an urban high school with 60 adolescent girls. Primary data sources included 257 hr of participant observations in Talking Circles and individual, semi-structured interviews with 31 students. The Relational Cultural model, rooted in the work of Jean Baker Miller, served as the conceptual framework for understanding teens’ interactions within the Circle’s unique set of social conditions in a school environment. Findings demonstrated that Talking Circles provided a safe space for peers helping peers, and that the girls improved their listening, anger management, and empathic skills, which led to greater self-efficacy. It appears that Talking Circles could provide another venue for developing social-emotional literacy skills and growth-fostering relationships in schools.
Circle Detection Using an Electromagnetism-Inspired Algorithm
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cuevas E.
2011-10-01
Full Text Available The Physic-inspired computation is becoming popular and has been acknowledged by the scientific community. This emerging area has developed a wide range of techniques and methods for dealing with complex problems. On the other hand, automatic circle detection in digital images has been considered as an important and complex task for the computer vision community that has devoted a tremendous amount of research seeking for an optimal circle detector. This article presents an algorithm for the automatic detection of circular shapes embedded into complicated and noisy images with no consideration of the conventional Hough transform techniques. The approach is based on a nature-inspired technique called the Electromagnetism- Like Optimization (EMO which is a heuristic method following electromagnetism principles for solving complex optimization problems. For the EMO algorithm, solutions are built considering the electromagnetic attraction and repulsion among charged particles with a charge representing the fitness solution for each particle. The algorithm uses the encoding of three non-collinear points as candidate circles over an edge-only image. Guided by the values of the objective function, the set of encoded candidate circles (charged particles are evolved using the EMO algorithm so that they can fit into the actual circles on the edge map of the image. Experimental results from several tests on synthetic and natural images with a varying range of complexity are included to validate the efficiency of the proposed technique regarding accuracy, speed, and robustness.
An efficient circle detector not relying on edge detection
Cai, Jia; Huang, Panfeng; Chen, Lu; Zhang, Bin
2016-06-01
Accurate and efficient detection of circular modules fixed on non-cooperative target is a key technology for Tethered Space Robot. This paper presents an efficient circle detector based on region-growing of gradient and histogram distribution of Euclidean distance. Region-growing of gradient is applied to generate arc support regions from single point. And the corresponding square fitting areas are defined to accelerate the detection and decrease storage. A histogram is then used to count frequency of the distances that participates in the accumulator and the parameters of each circle are acquired. Finally, a verification strategy of circular integrity is designed to test the detection results. We have tested our algorithm on 35 images dealing with kinds of circles and ellipses. Experimental results demonstrate that our method is able to detect circular objects under occlusion, image noises and moderate shape deformations with a good precision.
A Personified Annealing Algorithm for Circles Packing Problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANGDe-Fu; LIXin
2005-01-01
Circles packing problem is an NP-hard problem and is difficult to solve. In this paper, a hybrid search strategy for circles packing problem is discussed. A way of generating new configuration is presented by simulating the moving of elastic objects, which can avoid the blindness of simulated annealing search and make iteration process converge fast. Inspired by the life experiences of people,an effective personified strategy to jump out of local minima is given. Based on the simulated annealing idea and personification strategy, an effective personified annealing algorithm for circles packing problem is developed. Numerical experiments on benchmark problem instances show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the best algorithm in the literature.
A Phase Transition for Circle Maps and Cherry Flows
Palmisano, Liviana
2013-07-01
We study C 2 weakly order preserving circle maps with a flat interval. The main result of the paper is about a sharp transition from degenerate geometry to bounded geometry depending on the degree of the singularities at the boundary of the flat interval. We prove that the non-wandering set has zero Hausdorff dimension in the case of degenerate geometry and it has Hausdorff dimension strictly greater than zero in the case of bounded geometry. Our results about circle maps allow to establish a sharp phase transition in the dynamics of Cherry flows.
A Phase Transition for Circle Maps and Cherry Flows
Palmisano, Liviana
2012-01-01
We study $C^{2}$ weakly order preserving circle maps with a flat interval. The main result of the paper is about a sharp transition from degenerate geometry to bounded geometry depending on the degree of the singularities at the boundary of the flat interval. We prove that the non-wandering set has zero Hausdorff dimension in the case of degenerate geometry and it has Hausdorff dimension strictly greater than zero in the case of bounded geometry. Our results about circle maps allow to establish a sharp phase transition in the dynamics of Cherry flows.
Research Circles - a method for developing guidance practices
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
2012-01-01
This video reports on our work with using research circles to improve our understanding of how to provide guidance and counseling to help young people in danger of dropping out of school. The video is based on the paper: Research Circles -- a method for developing guidance practices......, and was presented at the Conference for Social Justice, Prosperity and Sustainable Employment 2012 by assistant professor Helle Merete Nordentoft from DPU (http://edu.au.dk/). The film communicating the research paper was created by Mie Nørgaard...
Secure Two-Party Point-Circle Inclusion Problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yong-Long Luo; Liu-Sheng Huang; Hong Zhong
2007-01-01
Privacy-preserving computational geometry is a special secure multi-party computation and has many applica-tions.Previous protocols for determining whether a point is inside a circle are not secure enough.We present a two-round protocol for computing the distance between two private points and develop a more efficient protocol for the point-circle inclusion problem based on the distance protocol.In comparison with previous solutions, our protocol not only is more secure but also reduces the number of communication rounds and the number of modular multiplications significantly.
Circles Disturbed The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative
Doxiadis, Apostolos
2012-01-01
Circles Disturbed brings together important thinkers in mathematics, history, and philosophy to explore the relationship between mathematics and narrative. The book's title recalls the last words of the great Greek mathematician Archimedes before he was slain by a Roman soldier--"Don't disturb my circles"--words that seem to refer to two radically different concerns: that of the practical person living in the concrete world of reality, and that of the theoretician lost in a world of abstraction. Stories and theorems are, in a sense, the natural languages of these two worlds--stories represent
Types of the cerebral arterial circle (circle of Willis in a Sri Lankan Population
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gunasekera WSL
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The variations of the circle of Willis (CW are clinically important as patients with effective collateral circulations have a lower risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke than those with ineffective collaterals. The aim of the present cadaveric study was to investigate the anatomical variations of the CW and to compare the frequency of prevalence of the different variations with previous autopsy studies as variations in the anatomy of the CW as a whole have not been studied in the Indian subcontinent. Methods The external diameter of all the arteries forming the CW in 225 normal Sri Lankan adult cadaver brains was measured using a calibrated grid to determine the prevalence in the variation in CW. Chisquared tests and a correspondence analysis were performed to compare the relative frequencies of prevalence of anatomical variations in the CW across 6 studies of diverse ethnic populations. Results We report 15 types of variations of CW out of 22 types previously described and one additional type: hypoplastic precommunicating part of the anterior cerebral arteries (A1 and contralateral posterior communicating arteries (PcoA 5(2%. Statistically significant differences (p Conclusion The present study reveals that there are significant variations in the CW among intra and inter ethnic groups (Caucasian, African and Asian: Iran and Sri Lanka dominant populations, and warrants further studies keeping the methods of measurements, data assessment, and the definitions of hypoplasia the same.
Arctic circles, domino tilings and square Young tableaux
Romik, Dan
2009-01-01
The arctic circle theorem of Jockusch, Propp, and Shor asserts that uniformly random domino tilings of an Aztec diamond of high order are frozen with asymptotically high probability outside the "arctic circle" inscribed within the diamond. A similar arctic circle phenomenon has been observed in the limiting behavior of random square Young tableaux. In this paper, we show that random domino tilings of the Aztec diamond are asymptotically related to random square Young tableaux in a more refined sense that looks also at the behavior inside the arctic circle. This is done by giving a new derivation of the limiting shape of the height function of a random domino tiling of the Aztec diamond that uses the large-deviation techniques developed for the square Young tableaux problem in a previous paper by Pittel and the author. The solution of the variational problem that arises for domino tilings is almost identical to the solution for the case of square Young tableaux by Pittel and the author. The analytic techniques...
A geometrical link between the circle and sexagesimal system
Julca, Jaime Vladimir Torres-Heredia
2007-01-01
This paper presents a simple geometrical fact which could relate to the history of mathematics and astronomy. This fact shows a natural link between the circle and the multiples of 6 and it makes it possible to obtain a simple representation of the 12 months of the year, the 24 hours of the day, the 30 days (average number) of the month and the 360 days (approximate number) of the year, which brings us closer to the sexagesimal division of time. Moreover this representation reminds one of the movement of the planets around a centre. Using this fact one will be able also to find geometrically the principal divisor of number 60, to represent numbers in base 60 with a kind of abacus or calculation table and to make a division of the circle into 6 and 12 equal parts. Afterwards one will be able to obtain a division in 360 unequal parts but relatively close to one another, and the goal isn't precisely to obtain an optimal division of the circle in 360 equal parts but to prove that the idea to divide the circle in ...
Inclusive Teaching Circles: Mechanisms for Creating Welcoming Classrooms
Moore, Sharon; Wallace, Sherri L.; Schack, Gina; Thomas, M. Shelley; Lewis, Linda; Wilson, Linda; Miller, Shawnise; D'Antoni, Joan
2010-01-01
This essay examines the Inclusive Teaching Circle (ITC) as a mechanism for faculty development in creating instructional tools that embrace an inclusive pedagogy reflecting diversity, cultural competence and social justice. We describe one group's year-long participation in an ITC at a large, metropolitan research university in the south. Next, we…
Outcomes and Accomplishments of The Circles of Care Planing Efforts
Duclos, Christine W.; Phillips, Mary; LeMaster, Pamela L.
2004-01-01
This paper presents outcomes and accomplishments of the first round of participating individuals, communities, and grantees of the Circles of Care program (CoC). While accomplishing all CoC program goals, the initiative supported grantees in developing individual service delivery system models and positioned each grantee advantageously for…
Is Russell's vicious circle principle false or meaningless?
Fleischhacker, L.E.
1979-01-01
P. Vardy asserts the thesis that the vicious circle principle has the same structure as Russell's paradox. But structure is not the thing itself. It is the thing objectivated from the wiewpoint of a mathematician. So this structure can be expressed in a mathematical formalism, e. g. the Λ-calculus.
Perturbative analysis of maps of the circle onto itself
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zanetti, G. (Bologna Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica); Turchetti, G. (Bologna Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bologna (Italy))
1984-09-15
As a model problem for the perturbation, up to break up, of tori in Hamoltonian mechanics, the map of the circle into itself is studied. By using classical perturbative techniques, not only the subcritical dynamics is well reproduced, but also the critical point is sharply defined and the conjugacy break up via the loss of differentiability is obtained in agreement with Shenker.
Circle Time for Social and Emotional Learning in Primary School
Cefai, Carmel; Ferrario, Erika; Cavioni, Valeria; Carter, Audrey; Grech, Tracy
2014-01-01
This paper discusses the findings and implications of a semi-randomised control trial study on the effectiveness of circle time (CT) on primary school students' social and emotional learning, as well as classroom teachers' and students' experience of CT. A social and emotional learning programme was delivered through CT by trained classroom…
Quantum Mechanics on the Circle and W_{1+\\INFTY}
Floreanini, R.; Percacci, R.; Sezgin, E.(George P. and Cynthia W. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843-4242, USA)
1991-01-01
The algebra W_{1+\\infty} with central charge c=0 can be identified with the algebra of quantum observables of a particle moving on a circle. Mathematically, it is the universal enveloping algebra of the Euclidean algebra in two dimensions. Similarly, the super W_\\infty algebra is found to be the universal enveloping algebra of the super-Euclidean algebra in two dimensions.
Geometric calibration of the circle-plus-arc trajectory.
Hoppe, Stefan; Noo, Frédéric; Dennerlein, Frank; Lauritsch, Günter; Hornegger, Joachim
2007-12-07
In this paper, a novel geometric calibration method for C-arm cone-beam scanners is presented which allows the calibration of the circle-plus-arc trajectory. The main idea is the separation of the trajectory into two circular segments (circle segment and arc segment) which are calibrated independently. This separation makes it possible to reuse a calibration phantom which has been successfully applied in clinical environments to calibrate numerous routinely used C-arm systems. For each trajectory segment, the phantom is placed in an optimal position. The two calibration results are then combined by computing the transformation the phantom underwent between the independent calibration runs. This combination can be done in a post-processing step by using standard linear algebra. The method is not limited to circle-plus-arc trajectories and works for any calibration procedure in which the phantom has a preferred orientation with respect to a trajectory segment. Results are presented for both simulated as well as real data acquired with a C-arm system. We also present the first image reconstruction results for the circle-plus-arc trajectory using real C-arm data.
Revisiting Cyberbullying in Schools Using the Quality Circle Approach
Paul, Simone; Smith, Peter K.; Blumberg, Herbert H.
2012-01-01
An earlier study reported the use of Quality Circles (QC) in a UK school in the context of understanding and reducing bullying and cyberbullying. Here, we report further work in the same school setting. The QC approach allows explorative analysis of problems in school settings, whereby students embark on a problem-solving exercise over a period of…
The Area of a Polygon with an Inscribed Circle
Buck, Marshall W
2012-01-01
Heron's formula states that the area $K$ of a triangle with sides $a$, $b$, and $c$ is given by $$ K=\\sqrt {s(s-a) (s-b) (s-c)} $$ where $s$ is the semiperimeter $(a+b+c)/2$. Brahmagupta, Robbins, Roskies, and Maley generalized this formula for polygons of up to eight sides inscribed in a circle. In this paper we derive formulas giving the areas of any $n$-gon, with odd $n$, in terms of the ordered list of side lengths, if the $n$-gon is circumscribed about a circle (instead of being inscribed in a circle). Unlike the cyclic polygon problem, where the order of the sides does not matter, for the inscribed circle problem (our case) it does matter. The solution is much easier than for the cyclic polygon problem, but it does generalize easily to all odd $n$. We also provide necessary and sufficient conditions for there to be solutions in the case of even $n$.
Language Teachers through the Looking Glass: Expanding Circle Teachers' Discourse
Lovtsevich, Galina N.
2005-01-01
When English language teachers from Russia join in professional discourse with their counterparts from other countries, they do so in English, using a professional register which is, to a large extent, determined by language teaching theorists and practitioners in Inner Circle countries. This paper examines some of the issues surrounding…
An Approach for Self-Calibration by a Quartered Circle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yue Zhao
2013-07-01
Full Text Available The camera calibration is a key step for converting a projective reconstruction into a metric one, which is equivalent to recovering the unknown intrinsic parameters with each image. A circle is a common geometric primitive for the camera self-calibration. To avoid the limit of circle center to the camera self-calibration in a planar template, a method how to solve out the vanishing line is proposed. Then using the property of vanishing line, the camera intrinsic parameters are figured out and the camera self-calibration is achieved. The template contains a quartered circle in the study. Firstly, the camera is used to take photographs of the template from three or more direction. Secondly, using the ellipse and two mutually perpendicular diameters which are extracted from the image, according to the polarity principle and making use of the invariant property of cross-ratio of four lines which are intersected in one same point, the vanishing line can be solved out. In the end, the circular points can be figured out by the intersection between vanishing line and the circle. And using the property of the circular points, the self-calibration is realized.
Literature Circles: A Perfect Match for Online Instruction
Whittingham, Jeff
2013-01-01
This article describes the author's search for an appropriate and satisfying online teaching method. After experimenting with several methods (chat room, discussion board, student led discussion), the author reached back to his face-to-face classroom success with literature circles. This article reports the results of research conducted by the…
The Circle of Courage and Erikson's Psychological Stages.
Coughlan, Felicity; Welsh-Breetzke, Andrea
2002-01-01
Describes the application of positive youth development principles to challenges faced by adolescent females in South Africa. A mainline, Euro-centric theory, Erikson's life stages (1963), is compared with the Circle of Courage model based on Native American Tribal wisdom. The differences and correlation in these approaches are explored through…
Using Literature Circles to Discuss Social Justice in Teacher Education
Madhuri, Marga; Walker, Nancy; Landmann-Johnsey, Erica; Laughter, Judson
2015-01-01
Literacy educators feel it is incumbent on teacher preparation programs to prepare teacher candidates with the dispositions and competencies needed to work with students from diverse racial, cultural, and economic backgrounds. As a way to initiate the discussion and help candidates examine their own views on race, literature circles are used. The…
Majorization algorithms for inspecting circles, ellipses, squares, rectangles, and rhombi
K. van Deun; P.J.F. Groenen (Patrick)
2003-01-01
textabstractIn several disciplines, as diverse as shape analysis, location theory, quality control, archaeology, and psychometrics, it can be of interest to fit a circle through a set of points. We use the result that it suffices to locate a center for which the variance of the distances from the ce
Defining Leadership: Collegiate Women's Learning Circles: A Qualitative Approach
Preston-Cunningham, Tammie; Elbert, Chanda D.; Dooley, Kim E.
2017-01-01
The researchers employed qualitative methods to evaluate first-year female students' definition of "leadership" through involvement in the Women's Learning Circle. The findings revealed that students defined leadership in two dimensions: traits and behaviors. The qualitative findings explore a multidimensional approach to the voices of…
Optimizing care in osteoporosis: The Canadian quality circle project
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Kvern Brent
2008-10-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background While the Osteoporosis Canada 2002 Canadian guidelines provided evidence based strategies in preventing, diagnosing, and managing this condition, publication and distribution of guidelines have not, in and of themselves, been shown to alter physicians clinical approaches. We hypothesize that primary care physicians enrolled in the Quality Circle project would change their patient management of osteoporosis in terms of awareness of osteoporosis risk factors and bone mineral density testing in accordance with the guidelines. Methods The project consisted of five Quality Circle phases that included: 1 Training & Baseline Data Collection, 2 First Educational Intervention & First Follow-Up Data Collection 3 First Strategy Implementation Session, 4 Final Educational Intervention & Final Follow-up Data Collection, and 5 Final Strategy Implementation Session. A total of 340 circle members formed 34 quality circles and participated in the study. The generalized estimating equations approach was used to model physician awareness of risk factors for osteoporosis and appropriate utilization of bone mineral density testing pre and post educational intervention (first year of the study. Odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI were calculated. Results After the 1st year of the study, physicians' certainty of their patients' risk factor status increased. Certainty varied from an OR of 1.4 (95% CI: 1.1, 1.8 for prior vertebral fracture status to 6.3 (95% CI: 2.3, 17.9 for prior hip fracture status. Furthermore, bone mineral density testing increased in high risk as compared with low risk patients (OR: 1.4; 95% CI: 1.2, 1.7. Conclusion Quality Circle methodology was successful in increasing both physicians' awareness of osteoporosis risk factors and appropriate bone mineral density testing in accordance with the 2002 Canadian guidelines.
Topographic control of sorted circle morphology on Svalbard
Voigt, Joana; Hauber, Ernst; Reiss, Dennis; Hiesinger, Harald; Johnsson, Andreas; van Gasselt, Stephan; Balme, Matt; Head, Jim; de Verra, Jean-Pierre; Steinbrügge, Gregor; Jaumann, Ralf
2015-04-01
Patterned ground is a typical phenomenon in polar, subpolar and alpine regions [1]. As it is commonly (but not necessarily!) related to freeze-thaw cycles, its presence on Mars could possibly point to locations and periods where and when liquid water existed in the recent past [2]. Sorted circles are a class of patterned ground that was tentatively identified in Elysium Planitia (Mars) [3], but this interpretation has been challenged on the basis of physical considerations [4]. Without direct access to potential patterned ground on Mars, the analysis of terrestrial analogues can inform the interpretation of Martian landforms. Svalbard (Norway) offers a wide variety of permafrost features that are morphologically analogous to Martian cold-climate landforms [5]. It hosts some of the best examples of sorted circles on Earth, which are located on the westernmost tip of Brøgger peninsula, on a broad strand flat that is characterized by a series of postglacial beach ridges [6]. Here we report on our analysis of sorted circle morphology (especially their plan-view shape, i.e. their "roundness" or ellipticity) and its correlation with local topography (slopes, curvature). Sorted circle morphology was determined from HRSC-AX images (for details on the flight campaign and image properties see ref [5]) and through field work. Topographic information comes from a 50 cm gridded DEM derived from HRSC-AX stereo images. We measured sorted circle morphology (ellipticity, azimuth of major axis) along a WNW-ESE traverse that runs from the inland towards the sea and is oriented perpendicular to the local beach ridge trend. Selected areas with homogeneous sorted circle appearance were visually mapped, and compared to the average slope, aspect, and the calculated topographic wetness index (TWI). Furthermore the whole traverse was classified into four different morphologies of the sorted patterned ground (sorted circles, sorted "ellipses", sorted nets and areas without patterned ground
山元, 隆春; 居川, あゆ子
2013-01-01
In this paper, possibilities of the “Literature Circle" practice in native language classes were explored. By considering on Japanese Language Arts lessons using the idea of “Literature Circle", by one teacher, we found such lessons had effects to enhance students' appetite for learning and reading abilities. And we also suggested that the “Literature Circle" methodology would be effective to developing students' abilities for “criticizing any texts," then we must adapt “Literature Circle" in...
The Chicken and the Egg: Inviting Response and Talk through Socratic Circles
Styslinger, Mary E.; Pollock, Timothy
2010-01-01
This collaborative inquiry answers the following questions: 1) What is the nature of talk during Socratic Circles? 2) What is student response to talk? 3) How might knowing more about student response to talk and the nature of talk improve teaching during Socratic Circles? The article first describes the process of implementing Socratic Circles,…
Calculation of Latitude and Longitude for Points on Perimeter of a Circle on a Sphere
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morris, Heidi E. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2015-08-14
This document describes the calculation of the Earth-Centered Earth Fixed (ECEF) coordinates for points lying on the perimeter of a circle. Here, the perimeter of the circle lies on the surface of the sphere and the center of the planar circle is below the surface. These coordinates are converted to latitude and longitude for mapping fields on the surface of the earth.
Native American Values and Management Education: Envisioning an Inclusive Virtuous Circle
Verbos, Amy Klemm; Gladstone, Joe S.; Kennedy, Deanna M.
2011-01-01
Circles are symbols of interconnectedness. Behavioral circles can be vicious or virtuous. Many American Indians are caught in a vicious circle of exclusion from the purported benefits of Westernization, entrapment in its negative elements, and the ongoing undermining of their culture and thus their identities. Yet Native Americans, along with many…
Protocol for Isolating the Mouse Circle of Willis.
Hur, Justine Claire; Blaise, Régis; Limon, Isabelle
2016-10-22
The cerebral arterial circle (circulus arteriosus cerebri) or circle of Willis (CoW) is a circulatory anastomosis surrounding the optic chiasma and hypothalamus that supplies blood to the brain and surrounding structures. It has been implicated in several cerebrovascular disorders, including cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)-associated vasculopathies, intracranial atherosclerosis and intracranial aneurysms. Studies of the molecular mechanisms underlying these diseases for the identification of novel drug targets for their prevention require animal models. Some of these models may be transgenic, whereas others will involve isolation of the cerebro-vasculature, including the CoW.The method described here is suitable for CoW isolation in any mouse lineage and has considerable potential for screening (expression of genes, protein production, posttranslational protein modifications, secretome analysis, etc.) studies on the large vessels of the mouse cerebro-vasculature. It can also be used for ex vivo studies, by adapting the organ bath system developed for isolated mouse olfactory arteries.
Culture Circles in adolescent empowerment for the prevention of violence.
Monteiro, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles; Neto, Waldemar Brandão; de Lima, Luciane Soares; de Aquino, Jael Maria; Gontijo, Daniela Tavares; Pereira, Beatriz Oliveira
2015-04-03
An action research based on Paulo Freire's Culture Circles was developed to implement a health education intervention involving adolescents, in collective knowledge construction about strategies for the prevention of violence. The data collection in the Culture Circles involved 11 adolescents and included observation and field diary, photographic records and recording. The educational action aroused a critical socio-political and cultural position in the adolescents towards the situations of vulnerability to violence, including the guarantee of human rights, justice and the combat of inequities; changes in the social relations, combat against discrimination and intolerance; expansion of access and reorientation of health services through intersectoral public policies. The intervention empowered the group of adolescents for the prevention of violence and permitted the inclusion of health professionals in the school context, from an interdisciplinary perspective, contributing to the establishment of social support and protection networks.
Landscapes, Circles and Antikythera: The Birth of the Mechanical Universe
Edmunds, M. G.
The joint Greek/UK/US Antikythera Mechanism Research Project is currently producing a definitive set of experimental optical and X-ray imaging data of the Mechanism. The interpretation will require a good knowledge of the context in which it was made. Following from the sacred landscapes of northern Europe it is difficult to escape the symbolism of the "circle" in prehistoric cosmologies, and the pre-eminence of the circle in Greek astronomical thought is obvious. Is the "circular" ikon of the main wheel in Antikythera Mechanism simply another gear wheel, or might ideas of cosmology have influenced its design? How important would devices like the Antikythera Mechanism have been in providing a physical model of the Universe , pushing mathematical abstraction into reality? The relevance of the Mechanism is understanding the development of ideas and philosophy, particularly determinism is emphasized.
BANQUET SPEECH Full Circle: Star Ferry to Stardust
Matthews, Clifford N.
2008-10-01
Good evening. I'd like to invite you to join me on a journey that could be entitled “Full Circle: Star Ferry to Stardust”. “Star Ferry” represents Hong Kong, my home town, and especially its university - Hong Kong University - as I knew it during the years of World War II. “Stardust” refers to our gathering here to report on our research on possible organic chemistry in space.
Uncertainty budget for optical coordinate measurements of circle diameter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Morace, Renate Erica; Hansen, Hans Nørgaard; De Chiffre, Leonardo
2004-01-01
An uncertainty analysis for circle diameter measurements using a coordinate measuring machine (CMM) equipped with an optical probe is presented in this paper. A mathematical model for data evaluation and uncertainty assessment was formulated in accordance with Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty...... in Measurement (GUM). Various input quantities such as CCD camera resolution, influence of illuminating system, CMM errors etc. were considered in the model function and experimentally investigated....
Quality Circles: An Innovative Program to Improve Military Hospitals
1982-08-01
effective teamwork, (3) promote job involvemenL, (4) increase employee motivation , (5) create a problem-solving capability, (6) build an attitude of...from greater employee motivation and involve- ment in work. Quality Circles (Q.C.’s) are small groups of volunteers from the same work area who meet on...effectiveness Measurable feedback Key people and team members in same area for better personnel management Greater productivity Employee motivation Effective use
The Quality Circles Organizational Intervention: An Attitudinal Outcome Study
1983-09-01
communication between themselves and their employees "(Dickson, 1982). Victor Vroom has developed a "normative model" of par- ticipative decision...SECUMIYY CLASSIOPI CAr? MO h LSSR 19-83 THE QUALITY CIRCLES ORGANIZATIONAL INTERVENTION: AN ATTITUDINAL OUTCOME STUDY A Thesis Presented ýo the...democratic style, and a set of seven rules intended to pro- tect both the quality and acceptance of a leader’s decision. -26 Vroom provides a decision
About Nodal Systems for Lagrange Interpolation on the Circle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E. Berriochoa
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We study the convergence of the Laurent polynomials of Lagrange interpolation on the unit circle for continuous functions satisfying a condition about their modulus of continuity. The novelty of the result is that now the nodal systems are more general than those constituted by the n roots of complex unimodular numbers and the class of functions is different from the usually studied. Moreover, some consequences for the Lagrange interpolation on [-1,1] and the Lagrange trigonometric interpolation are obtained.
Largest Empty Circle Centered on a Query Line
Augustine, John; Roy, Sasanka
2008-01-01
The Largest Empty Circle problem seeks the largest circle centered within the convex hull of a set $P$ of $n$ points in $\\mathbb{R}^2$ and devoid of points from $P$. In this paper, we introduce a query version of this well-studied problem. In our query version, we are required to preprocess $P$ so that when given a query line $Q$, we can quickly compute the largest empty circle centered at some point on $Q$ and within the convex hull of $P$. We present solutions for two special cases and the general case; all our queries run in $O(\\log n)$ time. We restrict the query line to be horizontal in the first special case, which we preprocess in $O(n \\alpha(n) \\log n)$ time and space, where $\\alpha(n)$ is the slow growing inverse of the Ackermann's function. When the query line is restricted to pass through a fixed point, the second special case, our preprocessing takes $O(n \\alpha(n)^{O(\\alpha(n))} \\log n)$ time and space. We use insights from the two special cases to solve the general version of the problem with pr...
Volume calculation of the spur gear billet for cold precision forging with average circle method
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wangjun Cheng; Chengzhong Chi; Yongzhen Wang; Peng Lin; Wei Liang; Chen Li
2014-01-01
Forging spur gears are widely used in the driving system of mining machinery and equipment due to their higher strength and dimensional accuracy. For the purpose of precisely calculating the volume of cylindrical spur gear billet in cold precision forging, a new theoretical method named average circle method was put forward. With this method, a series of gear billet volumes were calculated. Comparing with the accurate three-dimensional modeling method, the accuracy of average circle method by theoretical calculation was estimated and the maximum relative error of average circle method was less than 1.5%, which was in good agreement with the experimental results. Relative errors of the calculated and the experimental for obtaining the gear billet volumes with reference circle method are larger than those of the average circle method. It shows that average circle method possesses a higher calculation accuracy than reference circle method (traditional method), which should be worth popularizing widely in calculation of spur gear billet volume.
Stereoscopic Machine-Vision System Using Projected Circles
Mackey, Jeffrey R.
2010-01-01
A machine-vision system capable of detecting obstacles large enough to damage or trap a robotic vehicle is undergoing development. The system includes (1) a pattern generator that projects concentric circles of laser light forward onto the terrain, (2) a stereoscopic pair of cameras that are aimed forward to acquire images of the circles, (3) a frame grabber and digitizer for acquiring image data from the cameras, and (4) a single-board computer that processes the data. The system is being developed as a prototype of machine- vision systems to enable robotic vehicles ( rovers ) on remote planets to avoid craters, large rocks, and other terrain features that could capture or damage the vehicles. Potential terrestrial applications of systems like this one could include terrain mapping, collision avoidance, navigation of robotic vehicles, mining, and robotic rescue. This system is based partly on the same principles as those of a prior stereoscopic machine-vision system in which the cameras acquire images of a single stripe of laser light that is swept forward across the terrain. However, this system is designed to afford improvements over some of the undesirable features of the prior system, including the need for a pan-and-tilt mechanism to aim the laser to generate the swept stripe, ambiguities in interpretation of the single-stripe image, the time needed to sweep the stripe across the terrain and process the data from many images acquired during that time, and difficulty of calibration because of the narrowness of the stripe. In this system, the pattern generator does not contain any moving parts and need not be mounted on a pan-and-tilt mechanism: the pattern of concentric circles is projected steadily in the forward direction. The system calibrates itself by use of data acquired during projection of the concentric-circle pattern onto a known target representing flat ground. The calibration- target image data are stored in the computer memory for use as a
Voice of the voiceless: The legacy of the Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hazel O. Ayanga
2016-07-01
Full Text Available The Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians (the Circle formally came into existence in 1989 in Accra, Ghana. Under the charismatic leadership of Mercy Amba Oduyoye, the Circle sought to be the voice of African Christian women at the grass roots level. To this end research and publication was and still is one of the major pillars and activities of the Circle. The main objective of the Circle is �to write and publish theological literature written by African women from their own experience of religion and culture on this continent�. In this regard the Circle has been and continues to be the voice for and on behalf of the African woman in religion, culture and theology. However, 25 years down the line there is need for an evaluation of the legacy of the Circle. How has the Circle been a voice for the voiceless, a mentoring instrument for women venturing into the academia? This article seeks to do this evaluation by examining the activities of the Circle including research publication.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article seeks to evaluate the achievements of the Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians in relation to the Circle�s stated objectives. The article picks up the notion of the Circle theologians as the voice of the voiceless women of Africa. The general approach of the article brings together discussions on social issues like gender, poverty and marginalisation as well as language. Theological and religious perspectives on these issues are understood from a Circle point of view.Keywords: women; voice; voicelessness; poverty; gender; The Circle; theology
[Albert Fromme (1881-1996) and his circle].
Klimpel, V
1996-12-01
Among Saxony's schools of surgery, Albert Fromme's in Dresden attain importance. On the basis of his work as a university professor in Göttingen for 10 years, he was able to train a large circle of surgeons in a major hospital. However, this did not detract from his clinical and scientific work. A. Fromme reached the top of German surgery and his crowning achievement was gaining the full professorship and rectorship of the Medical Academy "Carl Gustav Carus" in Dresden (today the Medical Faculty of the Technical University.
The Phenomenological Circle and the Unity of Life and Thought.
Atwood, George E; Stolorow, Robert D
2016-06-01
This paper describes the important role of our deep immersions in philosophy in the development of our phenomenological-contextualist approach to psychoanalysis. Influenced most particularly by the phenomenological movement, our collaborative dialogue over more than four decades has led us to a shared commitment to reflection upon the philosophical underpinnings and constitutive contexts of origin of all our theoretical ideas. The growth of our thinking follows an endlessly recurring phenomenological circle joining theoretical perspectives with the inquirers from whose emotional worlds they arise.
Star Formation Beyond the Solar Circle: A Survey of Surveys
Kerton, Charles R.
2013-06-01
This talk will review and distill the results of major radio, infrared, and combined radio/IR, surveys that have focused on the identification and characterization of active regions of star formation in the outer Galaxy. These surveys reveal that, in terms of star formation activity, the Milky Way beyond the solar circle is not a vast wasteland, but rather it is an area containing numerous regions of star formation well placed for detailed individual study, for large-scale studies of star formation within spiral arms, and for comparative studies with star formation occurring in different environments such as the inner Galaxy and Galactic center.
SPECTRA OF MOTHERS OF PREMATURE CHILDREN ABOUT THE EDUCATIVE CIRCLE OF CULTURE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Camila Santos do Couto
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Abstract We sought to know the spectra of mothers of premature children regarding their experience with circle of culture of educational character and identifying the learning provided by the circle of culture about newborn care after hospital discharge. A descriptive study was performed in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Brazil. Three meetings of a circle of culture with 17 mothers of premature newborns were performed. The interpretation of the corpus was performed using thematic analysis. Emerged from the categories: Maternal experience in a circle of culture; Promoted social support among mothers through the circle of culture; and Learning provided by the circle of culture. It was concluded that teaching parents during the hospitalization of the child should be held in a way to involve parents in the care of the newborn, provide moments of health education, opportunities for support and dialogue between professionals and family.
Eccentricity on AN Image Caused by Projection of a Circle and a Sphere
Matsuoka, R.; Maruyama, S.
2016-06-01
Circular targets on a plane are often utilized in photogrammetry, particularly in close range photogrammetry, while spherical targets are sometimes utilized in industrial applications. Both a circle and a sphere are projected as an ellipse onto an image. There is an eccentricity on an image between the centre of the projected ellipse and the projected location of the centre of a circle or a sphere. Since only the centre of the projected ellipse is measured, the correction of the eccentricity is considered to be necessary for highly accurate measurement. This paper shows a process to derive general formulae to calculate an eccentricity of a circle and a sphere using the size and the location of a circle or a sphere, and the focal length, the position and the attitude of a camera. Furthermore the paper shows methods to estimate the eccentricity of a circle and a sphere from the equation of the projected ellipse of a circle or a sphere on an image.
Beyond paradigms in Organization Studies: the Circle of Epistemic Matrices
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ana Paula Paes de Paula
Full Text Available Abstract In this article, I present a sketch of a new proposition to guide organizational studies: the Cicle of Epistemic Matrices. Inspired by Thomas Kuhn and based on the thesis of paradigms' incommensurability, Gibson Burrell and Gareth Morgan drew the diagram of sociological paradigms, but its inclusion in the academy has encouraged a paradigms war. The Circle of Epistemic Matrices also provides an outline for the guidance of organizational studies, but it is based on Habermas and defends the thesis of cognitive incompleteness, suggesting that the sociological and organizational knowledge grows according to the thesis of epistemic reconstructions. To accomplish these propositions and elaborations, I present the debate about the paradigms' war in literature and I question the adequacy of sociological paradigms of Gibson Burrell and Gareth Morgan to organizational studies, with the issue of the influence that it suffered from Kuhnian paradigms and logic. In the following sections, there is an exhibition of alternative proposition - the of Circle of Epistemic Matrices - and, also, I support the thesis of cognitive incompleteness and the thesis of epistemic reconstructions in order to bring a new theory of knowledge development to the area. Finally, I present the findings and thoughts for future research.
Drawing Euler Diagrams with Circles: The Theory of Piercings.
Stapleton, Gem; Leishi Zhang; Howse, John; Rodgers, Peter
2011-07-01
Euler diagrams are effective tools for visualizing set intersections. They have a large number of application areas ranging from statistical data analysis to software engineering. However, the automated generation of Euler diagrams has never been easy: given an abstract description of a required Euler diagram, it is computationally expensive to generate the diagram. Moreover, the generated diagrams represent sets by polygons, sometimes with quite irregular shapes that make the diagrams less comprehensible. In this paper, we address these two issues by developing the theory of piercings, where we define single piercing curves and double piercing curves. We prove that if a diagram can be built inductively by successively adding piercing curves under certain constraints, then it can be drawn with circles, which are more esthetically pleasing than arbitrary polygons. The theory of piercings is developed at the abstract level. In addition, we present a Java implementation that, given an inductively pierced abstract description, generates an Euler diagram consisting only of circles within polynomial time.
Strange Non-Chaotic Attractors in Quasiperiodically Forced Circle Maps
Jäger, Tobias
2009-07-01
The occurrence of strange non-chaotic attractors (SNA) in quasiperiodically forced systems has attracted considerable interest over the last two decades, in particular since it provides a rich class of examples for the possibility of complicated dynamics in the absence of chaos. Their existence was first described by Millions̆c̆ikov (and later by Vinograd and also Herman) for quasiperiodic {SL(2, {mathbb R})} -cocycles and by Grebogi et al (and later Keller) for so-called pinched skew products. However, except for these two particular classes there are still hardly any rigorous results on the topic, despite a large number of numerical studies confirming the widespread existence of SNA in quasiperiodically forced systems. Here, we prove the existence of SNA in quasiperiodically forced circle maps under rather general conditions, which can be stated in terms of {{mathcal C}^1} -estimates. As a consequence, we obtain the existence of SNA for parameter sets of positive measure in suitable parameter families. These SNA carry the unique physical measure of the system, which determines the behaviour of Lebesgue-almost all initial conditions. Finally, we show that the dynamics are minimal in the considered situations. The results apply in particular to a forced version of the Arnold circle map. For this example, we also describe how the first Arnold tongue collapses and looses its regularity due to the presence of strange non-chaotic attractors and a related unbounded mean motion property.
Eva Malatinkova; Maja Kiselinova; Pawel Bonczkowski; Wim Trypsteen; Peter Messiaen; Jolien Vermeire; Bruno Verhasselt; Karen Vervisch; Linos Vandekerckhove; Ward De Spiegelaere
2014-01-01
Introduction: In HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the detection of episomal HIV 2-LTR circles is a potential marker for ongoing viral replication. Quantification of 2-LTR circles is based on quantitative PCR or more recently on digital PCR assessment, but is hampered due to its low abundance. Sample pre-PCR processing is a critical step for 2-LTR circles quantification, which has not yet been sufficiently evaluated in patient derived samples. Materials and M...
Freifelder, D; Folkmanis, A; Kirschner, I
1971-03-01
We examined in detail conditions necessary for making reproducible and for maximizing the amount of deoxyribonucleic acid obtained from a sex factor-containing cell as covalent circles. The results argue that under optimal conditions covalent circles are neither created nor lost during the isolation procedure. The causes of the culture-to-culture variation in recovery of covalent circular deoxyribonucleic acid were investigated but an understanding of this is not yet at hand. Some commonly used conditions which drastically reduce the recovery of covalent circles are described.
Minimalisasi Kekurangan Material Melalui Implementasi Quality Control Circle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Togar W. S. Panjaitan
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The revolution of traditional quality management concept into total quality management (TQM inspired industry for establishing and implementing quality control circle (QCC. Before starting a project as the implementation of the QCC, the training was held for supporting the knowledge of the QCC team. As the pilot project of the QCC, this research will try to minimize the percentage of the lack material in the production process of 8340 type by working together with the QCC team. The result of QCC implementation could reach the target set by the team, the percentage of the lack material reached less than 3%. The percentage of the lack material kontaktarm reduced from 3.09% to 0.00%, flachdrahtspule reduced from 9.20% to 0.40%, and niet reduced from 7.71% to 2.73%. Besides, the implementation of QCC also resulted in positive impact for all the members of the team about the benefits and experiences gained.
Application of digital holography to circle flow bed boiler measurement
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PU Shiliang; Denis Lebrun; WANG Qinghui; CEN Kefa; REN Kuanfang
2007-01-01
The spatial distribution of particles in the boiler is very important in the study on the circle flow bed boiler (CFB). Digital in-line holography technique was applied to obtain the spatial and diameter distribution of the particles inside the boiler. A HE-NE laser was used to illuminate the particles inside the CFB through two glass windows and the in-line diffraction pattern was recorded by a CCD camera. The diffraction can be interpreted as a convolution between a family of wavelet functions and the object function. So the three-dimensional (3D) images of the particles in the two-phase flow were reconstructed by the convolution between diffraction pattern and wavelet functions. The particle diameters and 3D coordinates were calculated from the reconstructed 3D images by a series of image-processing methods, followed by a discussion of the experimental results.
Two personification strategies for solving circles packing problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
黄文奇[1; 许如初[2
1999-01-01
Two personification strategies are presented, which yield a highly efficient and practical algorithm for solving one of the NP hard problems——circles packing problem on the basis of the quasi-physical algorithm. A very clever polynomial time complexity degree approximate algorithm for solving this problem has been reported by Dorit S.Hochbaum and Wolfgang Maass in J. ACM. Their algorithm is extremely thorough-going and of great theoretical significance. But, just as they pointed out, their algorithm is feasible only in conception and even for examples frequently encountered in everyday life and of small scale, it is the case more often than not that up to a million years would be needed to perform calculations with this algorithm. It is suggested toward the end of their paper that a heuristic algorithm of higher practical effectiveness should be sought out. A direct response to their suggestion is intented to provide.
Planar maps, circle patterns and 2d gravity
David, Francois
2013-01-01
Via circle pattern techniques, random planar triangulations (with angle variables) are mapped onto Delaunay triangulations in the complex plane. The uniform measure on triangulations is mapped onto a conformally invariant spatial point process. We show that this measure can be expressed as: (1) a sum over 3-spanning-trees partitions of the edges of the Delaunay triangulations; (2) the volume form of a K\\"ahler metric over the space of Delaunay triangulations, whose prepotential has a simple formulation in term of ideal tessellations of the 3d hyperbolic space; (3) a discretized version (involving finite difference complex derivative operators) of Polyakov's conformal Fadeev-Popov determinant in 2d gravity; (4) a combination of Chern classes, thus also establishing a link with topological 2d gravity.
The interpersonal circle as a heuristic model for interpersonal research.
Lorr, M
1996-04-01
In this article, I review major advances in the development of the interpersonal circle and its measurement, as delineated by Timothy Leafy (1957) and his colleagues. In my early work (Lorr & McNair, 1963, 1965), an interpersonal Behavior Inventory consisting of manifest behavioral statements was constructed. The 14 categories were found to fit a circular order in several samples. Studies using LaForge and Suczek's (1955) Interpersonal Check List, and Wiggins's (1979) Interpersonal Adjective Scales further established the value of Leary's conceptions and extended them. Several major theorists, researchers, and clinicians including Benjamin, Carson, Horowitz, Kiesler, and Wiggins have been inspired by Leary and, in many cases, have extended his ideas in ways not originally envisioned. Recent research (e.g., Hofstee, de Raad, & Goldberg, 1992; Millon, 1987) demonstrated the pertinence of the interpersonal conception of personality to the 5-factor model and personality disorders.
Camera calibration approach using circle-square-combined target
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Fuqiang Zhou; Yexin Wang; Yi Cui; Haishu Tan
2012-01-01
Calibrating a small field camera is a challenging task because the traditional target with visible feature points that fit the limited space is difficult and costly to manufacture. We demonstrate a novel combined target used in camera calibration. The tangent points supplied by one circle located at the center of a square are used as invisible features, and the perspective projection invariance is proved. Both visible and invisible features extracted by the proposed feature extraction algorithm are used to solve the calibration. The target supplies a sufficient number of feature points to satisfy the requirements of calibration within a limited space. Experiments show that the approach can achieve high robustness and considerable accuracy. This approach has potential for computer vision applications particularly in small fields of view.%Calibrating a small field camera is a challenging task because the traditional target with visible feature points that fit the limited space is difficult and costly to manufacture.We demonstrate a novel combined target used in camera calibration.The tangent points supplied by one circle located at the center of a square are used as invisible features,and the perspective projection invariance is proved.Both visible and invisible features extracted by the proposed feature extraction algorithm are used to solve the calibration.The target supplies a sufficient number of feature points to satisfy the requirements of calibration within a limited space.Experiments show that the approach can achieve high robustness and considerable accuracy.This approach has potential for computer vision applications particularly in small fields of view.
Rudd, Rima; Soricone, Lisa; Santos, Maricel; Zobel, Emily; Smith, Janet
2005-01-01
A Health Literacy Study Circle[superscript +] is a multi-session professional development activity for adult education practitioners, conducted by a facilitator. All the information and materials required to conduct each Health Literacy Study Circle[superscript +] is presented in two parts: this Introduction and the "Facilitator's Guide" for each…
Bernadowski, Carianne
2013-01-01
Literature circles and book clubs have become a popular instructional literacy strategy. In recent years, educators attempt to motivate students to read more in quantity and quality at an early age. A case study design was utilized that required undergraduate education majors to participate in literature circles reading historical fiction and…
Schwarz’s lemma for the circle packings with the general combinatorics
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
Rodin (1987) proved the Schwarz’s lemma analog for the circle packings based on the hexagonal combinatorics. In this paper, we prove the Schwarz’s lemma for the circle packings with the general combinatorics and our proof is more simpler than Rodin’s proof. At the same time, we obtain a rigidity property for those packings with the general combinatorics.
Non-positively curved graph manifolds are virtually fibered over the circle
2001-01-01
In this note we prove that any closed graph manifold admitting a metric of non-positive sectional curvature (NPC-metric) has a finite cover, which is fibered over the circle. An explicit criterion to have a finite cover, which is fibered over the circle, is presented for the graph manifolds of certain class.
Sufficient Conditions for Dynamical Output Feedback Stabilization Via the Circle Criterion
2003-01-01
This paper suggests sufficient conditions for asymptotically stable dynamical output feedback controller design based on the circle criterion. It is shown that a dynamic output feedback stabilization problem with impending problems of finite escape time, previously attacked by observer-based design, can be successfully solved using circle criterion design. Stability of the closed-loop system is global and robust to parameter uncertainty.
Metaxas, Nikolaos; Karagiannidou, Andromachi
2010-01-01
Visualization of mathematical relationships enables students to formulate conjectures as well as to search for mathematical arguments to support these conjectures. In this project students are asked to discover the sufficient and necessary condition so that two circles form the circumscribed and inscribed circle of a triangle and investigate how…
The Revival of Research Circles: Meeting the Needs of Modern Aging and the Third Age
Ostlund, Britt
2008-01-01
This article provides evidence that it is worthwhile to reconsider the traditional research circle method as a means of involving people in the third age in fulfilling their needs to participate in learning activities and make their voices heard. The findings are based on three cases of research circles consistently driven by the interests of the…
Laying the Groundwork for the Effective Implementation of Quality Circles in a Community College.
Ruff, Dan
This five-part paper provides an overview of the use of quality circles as a participative management technique in community colleges. Section I offers an introduction to the technique, reviewing the history of quality circles from their development in Japan in the early 1960s to their introduction in American higher education in the early 1980s.…
A surface containing a line and a circle through each point is a quadric
Nilov, Fedor K.
2012-06-20
We prove that a surface in 3-dimensional Euclidean space containing a line and a circle through each point is a quadric. We also give some particular results on the classification of surfaces containing several circles through each point. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Dynamic Investigation of Triangles Inscribed in a Circle, Which Tend to an Equilateral Triangle
Stupel, Moshe; Oxman, Victor; Sigler, Avi
2017-01-01
We present a geometrical investigation of the process of creating an infinite sequence of triangles inscribed in a circle, whose areas, perimeters and lengths of radii of the inscribed circles tend to a limit in a monotonous manner. First, using geometrical software, we investigate four theorems that represent interesting geometrical properties,…
Circle Time: An Exploratory Study of Activities and Challenging Behavior in Head Start Classrooms
Zaghlawan, Hasan Y.; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.
2011-01-01
The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine circle time activities in eight Head Start classrooms. A total of 7 h of observations occurred in eight classrooms. Songs and academic activities were the most frequently occurring activities. Challenging behavior during circle time also was examined. The three activities with the highest…
Comparing Interactions in Literature Circles in Both Online and in Class Discussions
Skeen, Christel Ghrist
2014-01-01
Discourse analysis of literature circles can lead educators to understand the different types of interactions taking place as students talk about text. Social and academic interactions exist in both face-to-face and online discussions of reading material. This study examines two different settings of literature circles and compares interactions of…
Closed circle DNA algorithm of change positive-weighted Hamilton circuit problem
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhou Kang; Tong Xiaojun; Xu Jin
2009-01-01
Chain length of closed circle DNA is equal. The same closed circle DNA's position corresponds to different recognition sequence, and the same recognition sequence corresponds to different foreign DNA segment, so closed circle DNA computing model is generalized. For change positive-weighted Hamilton circuit problem, closed circle DNA algorithm is put forward. First, three groups of DNA encoding are encoded for all arcs, and deck groups are designed for all vertices. All possible solutions axe composed. Then, the feasible solutions axe filtered out by using group detect experiment, and the optimization solutions are obtained by using group insert experiment and electrophoresis experiment. Finally, all optimization solutions are found by using detect experiment. Complexity of algorithm is concluded and validity of DNA algorithm is explained by an example. Three dominances of the closed circle DNA algorithm are analyzed, and characteristics and dominances of group delete experiment axe discussed.
Migraine without aura is not associated with incomplete circle of Willis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Amin, Faisal Mohammad; Obaid, Hayder Ghani
2014-01-01
BACKGROUND: The circle of Willis is an important source of collateral blood flow to maintain adequate cerebral perfusion, particularly in the posterior circulation. Some studies report a relationship between incomplete circle of Willis and migraine, whereas other studies show no difference between...... the prevalence of incomplete circle of Willis in migraineurs and controls. In the present study we compared the prevalence of incomplete circle of Willis in female migraine patients without aura to female healthy non-migraine controls.Using 3-Tesla magnetic resonance angiography we recorded three......-dimensional time-of-flight angiograms in 85 female participants (48 migraine patients without aura [median age 28 years] and 37 healthy controls [median age 25 years]). The images were subsequently analysed blindly by a neuroradiologist to detect incomplete circle of Willis. FINDINGS: We found no difference...
A new method for fast circle detection in a complex background image
Wu, Meijun; Yang, Jie; Sun, Yadong
2011-11-01
A new method for circle detection, Hough gradient clustering method, has been developed in this paper. By using gradient direction angle to find the diameter of a circle, the new method can rapidly detect the circle in a complex background. The crucial steps in this method are the feature extraction and the clustering of the points which have the same gray direction angle and are collinear along the gradient direction. The application of the two-to-one space mapping and 1-2Hough transform can further reduce the useless calculation in the process of circle detection. Comparing with the Hough gradient method in OpenCV, the newly developed method shows a higher efficiency of circle detection in a complex background image as well as a great improvement in the anti-noise ability.
The role of Circle women in curbing violence against women and girls in Africa
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sylvia Owusu-Ansah
2016-07-01
Full Text Available The article looks at the role Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians (the Circle have played in the struggle to end or reduce the rate at which violence against women and girls occurs in West Africa by highlighting the contributions of older Circle women, especially the initiator of the Circle, Mercy Amba Oduyoye. The initiator of the Circle and other older Circle women have left a remarkable legacy that needs to continue by the current and future generations of the Circle. The background information examines the leadership and mentorship of Mercy Amba Oduyoye and the impact she has made in the lives of African women. The essay then looks at the types of violence that women face in West Africa with the specific contributions of Circle women in the struggle to end violence against women and girls. It then argues that Circle women have played very significant roles both in setting the pace and giving the platform for women activities to minimise gender-based violence against women and girls. Circle women have written and presented papers that have addressed many challenges including HIV and/or AIDS, Girl Child trafficking, Marriage of Minors, and almost all kinds of violence against women and girls. Currently, religious violence threatens the fabric of African nations causing insecurity and panic, women and girls being the most vulnerable. The challenge to the present and future Circle members is to contribute in significant ways towards religious harmony in Africa and beyond. The Circle acknowledges the leadership role of women and encourages them to spearhead the liberation of women as well as empower them to be able to aspire to get to the top or become independent. No one understands what someone else feels better than the person experiencing the ordeal. Women can better understand what they go through and also have the passion to strive towards liberation.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: In this article, the
Kinetics of the forelimb in horses circling on different ground surfaces at the trot.
Chateau, Henry; Camus, Mathieu; Holden-Douilly, Laurène; Falala, Sylvain; Ravary, Bérangère; Vergari, Claudio; Lepley, Justine; Denoix, Jean-Marie; Pourcelot, Philippe; Crevier-Denoix, Nathalie
2013-12-01
Circling increases the expression of distal forelimb lameness in the horse, depending on rein, diameter and surface properties of the circle. However, there is limited information about the kinetics of horses trotting on circles. The aim of this study was to quantify ground reaction force (GRF) and moments in the inside and outside forelimb of horses trotting on circles and to compare the results obtained on different ground surfaces. The right front hoof of six horses was equipped with a dynamometric horseshoe, allowing the measurement of 3-dimensional GRF, moments and trajectory of the centre of pressure. The horses were lunged at slow trot (3 m/s) on right and left 4 m radius circles on asphalt and on a fibre sand surface. During circling, the inside forelimb produced a smaller peak vertical force and the stance phase was longer in comparison with the outside forelimb. Both right and left circling produced a substantial transversal force directed outwards. On a soft surface (sand fibre), the peak transversal force and moments around the longitudinal and vertical axes of the hoof were significantly decreased in comparison with a hard surface (asphalt). Sinking of the lateral or medial part of the hoof in a more compliant surface enables reallocation of part of the transversal force into a proximo-distal force, aligned with the limb axis, thus limiting extrasagittal stress on the joints.
Surface kinematics of periglacial sorted circles using Structure-from-Motion technology
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A. Kääb
2013-12-01
Full Text Available Sorted soil circles are a conspicuous form of periglacial patterned ground. Numerical modelling suggests that these features develop from a convection-like circulation of material in the active layer of permafrost. The related iterative burying and resurfacing of material is believed to play an important role in the soil carbon cycle of high latitudes. The connection of sorted circles to permafrost conditions and its changes over time make these ground forms to a potential paleoclimatic indicator. In this study we apply the photogrammetric Structure-from-Motion technology (SfM to large sets of overlapping terrestrial photos taken in Augusts 2007 and 2010 over three sorted circles at Kvadehuksletta, Western Spitsbergen. We retrieve repeat digital elevation models (DEMs and orthoimages with millimetre-resolution and accuracy. Changes in microrelief over the three years are obtained from DEM-differencing and horizontal displacement fields from tracking features between the orthoimages. In the inner domains of the circles, consisting of fines, material moves radially outside with horizontal surface speeds of up to 2 cm yr−1. The outer circle ridges consist of coarse stones that displace towards the inner circle domain at similar rates. A number of substantial deviations from this overall radial symmetry, both in horizontal displacements and in microrelief, shed new light on the potential spatio-temporal evolution of sorted soil circles, and periglacial patterned ground in general.
Taking a literature circles approach to teach Academic English
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Graham-Marr Alastair
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Literature circles (LC, an activity framework for classroom discussion, has been adapted for EFL classes to help students engage more deeply with reading texts. In this approach, students read texts outside of class, and discuss the texts in class, using a specified discussion framework. Originally developed for L1 classes as a tool for teaching literature, LC has been adapted for EFL classes, not only to help develop reading skills, but also to help students develop their discussion skills. However, to date, many adaptations of LC have relied on graded fiction as source material, which is not always appropriate for tertiary education. Feeling pressure to match course content with the labour market needs of our contemporary global society, English departments are increasingly being asked to include more academic content in their classes. This requires that non-fiction be used as source material. This preliminary study examines student perceptions of an LC class using non-fiction as source material. The subjects of this short, qualitative, pilot study were engineering students at a university in Japan. Procedures of the class and the issues that emerged are discussed.
Using great circles to understand motion on a rotating sphere
McIntyre, D. H.
2000-12-01
Motion observed in a rotating frame of reference is generally explained by invoking inertial forces. While this approach simplifies some problems, there is often little physical insight into the motion, in particular into the effects of the Coriolis force. To aid in the understanding of three-dimensional inertial forces, motion on a rotating sphere is considered from the points of view of an inertial observer and of an observer fixed on the sphere. The inertial observer observes the motion to be along a great circle fixed in the inertial frame, in analogy with simple straight-line motion in the two-dimensional case. This simple "straight-line" viewpoint of the inertial observer is reconciled qualitatively and quantitatively with the view of the rotating observer that requires inertial forces in order to account for the motion. Through a succession of simple examples, the Coriolis and centrifugal effects are isolated and illustrated, as well as effects due to the curvilinear nature of motion on a sphere.
Vienna Circle and Logical Analysis of Relativity Theory
Andréka, H; Németi, I; Németi, P; Székely, G
2011-01-01
In this paper we present some of our school's results in the area of building up relativity theory (RT) as a hierarchy of theories in the sense of logic. We use plain first-order logic (FOL) as in the foundation of mathematics (FOM) and we build on experience gained in FOM. The main aims of our school are the following: We want to base the theory on simple, unambiguous axioms with clear meanings. It should be absolutely understandable for any reader what the axioms say and the reader can decide about each axiom whether he likes it. The theory should be built up from these axioms in a straightforward, logical manner. We want to provide an analysis of the logical structure of the theory. We investigate which axioms are needed for which predictions of RT. We want to make RT more transparent logically, easier to understand, easier to change, modular, and easier to teach. We want to obtain deeper understanding of RT. Our work can be considered as a case-study showing that the Vienna Circle's (VC) approach to doing...
End of the line to build a circle
2006-01-01
The installation of the cryogenic distribution line in the LHC tunnel is finally finished! All the sectors have undergone pressure and helium leak tests at room temperature, and one complete sector was cold tested in cryogenic conditions. Some of the QRL team in UJ22 of the LHC tunnel, where the last sector of the cryogenic distribution line was installed.It must have been a joyous moment in UJ22 of the LHC tunnel (near Point 2, Saint Genis Pouilly) on 19 October. This was where the last external weld of the cryogenic distribution line, also known as QRL, was made, thus completing the full distribution ring. The QRL is a circle built in 8 sectors, each approximately 3 km in length. It will circulate helium in liquid and gas phases, at different temperatures and pressures, to provide the cryogenic conditions for the superconducting magnets in the LHC tunnel. The last sector installed (sector 1-2) passed the pressure and helium leak tests at room temperature on 28 October. As part of the warm test, each sector...
Topography of arterial circle of the brain in Egyptian spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus, Desmarest).
Szczurkowski, A; Kuchinka, J; Nowak, E; Kuder, T
2007-04-01
Using stained acryl latex-injected techniques, the arterial circle of the brain in Acomys cahirinus Desmarest was studied. Results revealed an important individual variability of investigated structure. Three morphological variants were found: (1) the lack of typical arterial circle--opened in front and the back side, (2) partial opened at the back side, (3) completely closed arterial circle. This finding is opposed to many species of mammals, including rodents, and especially laboratory mouse. In our point of view, it seems to be a specific character.
Altman, Renana; Kidron, Ivy
2016-10-01
Processes of knowledge construction are investigated. A learner is constructing knowledge about the trigonometric functions and their geometric meaning on the unit circle. The analysis is based on the dynamically nested epistemic action model for abstraction in context. Different tasks are offered to the learner. In his effort to perform the different tasks, he has the opportunity to understand the process used to create unit circle representations of trigonometric expressions. The theoretical framework of abstraction in context is used to analyse the evolution of the learner's construction of knowledge in the transition from 'triangle' trigonometry to 'circle' trigonometry.
Wang, Haoxu; Dong, Peitao; Xie, Liqiang; Wu, Xuezhong
2014-03-01
The vibration characteristic analysis method for a quartz microgyroscope based on the admittance circle is reported in this paper. Admittance theory is introduced and the admittance circle principle is analysed to study the vibration characteristics of the quartz microgyroscope. The prototype gyroscope was fabricated by micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) technology. The admittance and phase diagram of the work mode were obtained by vibration mode test systems. Then the admittance circle of the work mode was drawn, and the parameter identification of the transfer function between the voltage and current was completed to analyse the vibration characteristics. Therefore, the vibration characteristic analysis method based on the admittance circle can be used to build the transfer function of the quartz microgyroscope, which is helpful for the design of a high performance quartz microgyroscope.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Haoxu Wang
2014-02-01
Full Text Available The vibration characteristic analysis method for a quartz microgyroscope based on the admittance circle is reported in this paper. Admittance theory is introduced and the admittance circle principle is analysed to study the vibration characteristics of the quartz microgyroscope. The prototype gyroscope was fabricated by micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS technology. The admittance and phase diagram of the work mode were obtained by vibration mode test systems. Then the admittance circle of the work mode was drawn, and the parameter identification of the transfer function between the voltage and current was completed to analyse the vibration characteristics. Therefore, the vibration characteristic analysis method based on the admittance circle can be used to build the transfer function of the quartz microgyroscope, which is helpful for the design of a high performance quartz microgyroscope.
Approximating the Euclidean circle in the square grid using neighbourhood sequences
Farkas, Janos; Nagy, Benedek
2010-01-01
Distance measuring is a very important task in digital geometry and digital image processing. Due to our natural approach to geometry we think of the set of points that are equally far from a given point as a Euclidean circle. Using the classical neighbourhood relations on digital grids, we get circles that greatly differ from the Euclidean circle. In this paper we examine different methods of approximating the Euclidean circle in the square grid, considering the possible motivations as well. We compare the perimeter-, area-, curve- and noncompactness-based approximations and examine their realization using neighbourhood sequences. We also provide a table which summarizes our results, and can be used when developing applications that support neighbourhood sequences.
Geologic Provinces of the Circum-Arctic, 2008 (north of the Arctic Circle)
U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This shapefile includes arcs and polygons that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined 33 geologic provinces of the Circum-Arctic (north of the Arctic Circle). Each...
Endonuclease-rolling circle amplification-based method for sensitive analysis of DNA-binding protein
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Min Li Li; Dong Rui Zhou; Hong Zhao; Jin Ke Wang; Zu Hong Lu
2009-01-01
A sensitive approach for the qualitative detection of DNA-binding protein on the microarray was developed. DNA complexes in which a partial duplex region is formed from a biotin-primer and a circle single strand DNA (ssDNA) were spotted on a microarray. The endonuclease recognition site (ERS) and the DNA-binding sites (DBS) were arranged side by side within the duplex region. The working principle of the detection system is described as follows: when the DNA-binding protein capture the DBS, the endonuclease could not attach to the ERS, and the immobilized primer in the DNA complex could be extended along the circle ssDNA by rolling circle amplification (RCA). When no protein protects the DBS, the ERS could be attacked by the endonuclease and subsequently no rolling circle amplification occurs. Thereby we can detect the sequence specific DNA-binding activity with high-sensitivity due to the signal amplification of RCA.
Twistor quantization of the space of half-differentiable vector functions on the circle revisited
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SERGEEV; Armen
2009-01-01
We discuss the twistor quantization problem for the classical system(Vd,Ad),represented by the phase space Vd,identified with the Sobolev space H 1/2 0 (S1,Rd)of half-differentiable vector functions on the circle,and the algebra of observables Ad,identified with the semi-direct product of the Heisenberg algebra of Vd and the algebra Vect(S1)of tangent vector fields on the circle.
A robust circle criterion observer with application to neural mass models
2012-01-01
International audience; A robust circle criterion observer is designed and applied to neural mass models. At present, no existing circle criterion observers apply to the considered models, i.e. the required linear matrix inequality is infeasible. Therefore, we generalise available results to derive a suitable estimation algorithm. Additionally, the design also takes into account input uncertainty and measurement noise. We show how to apply the observer to estimate the mean membrane potential ...
Circle drawing as evaluative movement task in stroke rehabilitation: an explorative study
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rietman Johan S
2011-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The majority of stroke survivors have to cope with deficits in arm function, which is often measured with subjective clinical scales. The objective of this study is to examine whether circle drawing metrics are suitable objective outcome measures for measuring upper extremity function of stroke survivors. Methods Stroke survivors (n = 16 and healthy subjects (n = 20 drew circles, as big and as round as possible, above a table top. Joint angles and positions were measured. Circle area and roundness were calculated, and synergistic movement patterns were identified based on simultaneous changes of the elevation angle and elbow angle. Results Stroke survivors had statistically significant lower values for circle area, roundness and joint excursions, compared to healthy subjects. Stroke survivors moved significantly more within synergistic movement patterns, compared to healthy subjects. Strong correlations between the proximal upper extremity part of the Fugl-Meyer scale and circle area, roundness, joint excursions and the use of synergistic movement patterns were found. Conclusions The present study showed statistically significant differences in circle area, roundness and the use of synergistic movement patterns between healthy subjects and stroke survivors. These circle metrics are strongly correlated to stroke severity, as indicated by the proximal upper extremity part of the FM score. In clinical practice, circle area and roundness can give useful objective information regarding arm function of stroke survivors. In a research setting, outcome measures addressing the occurrence of synergistic movement patterns can help to increase understanding of mechanisms involved in restoration of post stroke upper extremity function.
Occlusion of the circle of Willis. Diagnosis by 3D-time of flight MR angiography
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Komatsumoto, Satoru; Ushioda, Takakazu; Nara, Masaharu [Ashikaga Red Cross Hospital, Tochigi (Japan)
1996-08-01
Magnetic resonance angiograms (MRA) were studied in 7 cases of occlusion of the circle of Willis. MRA successfully demonstrated the vascular obstructions and moyamoya vessels with a positive correlation to the angiographic findings. Leptomeningeal and transdural collateral vessels were also identified with MRA. As MRA is not invasive, it promises to become a valuable alternature to conventional angiography in the diagnosis of occlusion of the circle of Willis. (author)
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Menno C. Van Zelm
2011-05-01
Full Text Available The vast majority of patients suffering from a primary immunodeficiency (PID have defects in their T- and/or B-cell compartments. Despite advances in molecular diagnostics, in many patients no underlying genetic defect has been identified. B- and T-lymphocytes are unique in their ability to create a receptor by genomic rearrangement of their antigen receptor genes via V(DJ recombination. During this process, stable circular excision products are formed that do not replicate when the cell proliferates. Excision circles can be reliably quantified using real-time quantitative (RQ-PCR techniques. Frequently occurring δREC–ψJα T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs have been used to assess thymic output and intronRSS–Kde recombination excision circles (KREC to quantify B-cell replication history. In this perspective, we describe how TRECs and KRECs are formed during precursor- T and B cell differentiation, respectively. Furthermore, we discuss new insights obtained with TRECs and KRECs and specifically how these excision circles can be applied to support therapy monitoring, patient classification and newborn screening of PID.
Introspection, empathy, and the semi-circle of mental health.
Kohut, H
1982-01-01
Written shortly before his death, Heinz Kohut's last paper opens with a discussion of the paper 'Introspection, empathy, and psychoanalysis', written in 1959, which he presented at the Twenty-fifth Anniversary Meeting of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. In his first essay on the role of empathy in psychoanalysis, an essay that according to Kohut provided a foundation for many of his subsequent investigations in the field of depth psychology, he advanced the thesis that the introspective-empathic stance of the observer defines the science of psychoanalysis. The author explains that he was moved to propose this operational definition of psychoanalysis twenty-five years before because he felt that the introduction of the psychobiological concept of the drives (as well as various social psychological concepts) had not led to a true integration of psychoanalysis with biology or medicine but to a psychological and moral view of 'Guilty Man' that worked to distort the analyst's perception in the clinical and applied field. Kohut asserts that by defining itself operationally, psychoanalysis can accept itself as psychology, a psychology that studies man in terms of a self attempting to realize the programme laid down in his depth during the span of his life. The final section of the paper is devoted to a re-examination of man's intergenerational relationships in light of the shift Kohut advocates from psychobiology to psychology. The Oedipus complex is not to be understood as the end product of the uninfluentiable conflict of basic opposing instincts but as the result of interferences that impinge on man's development. Acknowledging the mythic power of Freud's formulation of the Oedipus complex, the author offers a dose of mythical counter-magic (to which the 'semi-circle of mental health' in the paper's title refers) and a re-interpretation of the story of King Oedipus. Kohut believes that the essence of human experience is not to be found in the biologically
Anatomical Variations of the Circle of Willis in Males and Females on 3D MR Angiograms
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Kawther A. Hafez, Nahla M. Afifi, Fardous Z. Saudi
2007-03-01
Full Text Available Objective: The objective of the present work was to study the anatomical variations of the circle of Willis as regard its component vessels and their average diameters in a sample of adult Egyptians and to detect any sex-related differences in these variations. Material and Methods: One hundred and twenty adult patients were observed (60 males and 60 females. They all had problems unrelated to any ischemic or vascular diseases, so they were considered as healthy control, concerning the morphology of the circle of Willis. In addition, ten cadavers' brains were obtained from the Anatomy department, Faculty of Medicine Ain Shams University for examination of the circle of Willis and for detection of any variations. Results: The anatomical variations of the anterior part, posterior part and completeness of the circle were inspected. Also, the diameters of all component vessels were assessed. The results indicated that, the anterior part of the circle was completed in 70% males and 75% females of the study sample. No statistically significant difference was detected between sexes. The most common variant of the anterior part was the single anterior communicating artery followed by the hypoplastic or absent anterior communicating artery. The posterior part of the circle was completed in 44% males and 58% females. The most common variant was the bilateral posterior communicating arteries, followed by the unilateral posterior communicating artery. An entirely complete circle was found only in 45% of the entire population; and it was higher in the females than the in males. The vessels diameters were smaller in the females than in the males, except for the diameter of the posterior communicating artery. Cadavers' examination revealed six cases with complete circle, 3 cases of unilateral fetal posterior communicating and one case of absent posterior communicating artery. Conclusion: The present study showed the amazing great variability of the anatomy of
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Bishwajeet Saikia
2014-06-01
Full Text Available Background: The circle of Willis is a large arterial anastomotic ring present at the base of the brain uniting the internal carotid and the vertebrobasilar systems. Branches from the internal carotid and vertebral arteries anastomose to form an arterial circle in the basal cisterns and then distribute to supply the brain. The anatomy of the circle is known to vary significantly; the vessels may be absent or sufficiently narrowed altering the hemodynamics of the circle of Willis and affecting its role as a collateral route. These variant forms can be correlated to their phylogeny and embryology. Prior knowledge of these variant forms is important in pathologies and treatment (e.g. parent artery occlusion for carotid aneurysms resulting occlusion of carotid and vertebral arteries. Context and purpose: Our study was undertaken to observe and compare the morphology of circle of Willis using two entirely different methods; gross dissection (GD and Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA and to correlate the variant patterns encountered with the possible underlying developmental events. Gross dissection was carried out in 70 human cadavers and equal numbers of MRA’s of healthy individuals were studied retrospectively. Results: Only 31 cases (22.14% presented with a complete circle of Willis, out of which 14 (20% were cadaveric specimen and 17 (24.18% were in MRA group. Unilateral hypoplastic posterior communicating artery was the most common variation observed in our study (19.28%. Conclusions: The wide variation in completeness of the circle of Willis in general population is similar to earlier observations. Review of phylogeny and embryology makes us familiar with variant forms which would be otherwise difficult to recognize and may be misinterpreted. MRA and gross dissection findings despite certain variations are comparable.
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Eva Malatinkova
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Introduction: In HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART, the detection of episomal HIV 2-LTR circles is a potential marker for ongoing viral replication. Quantification of 2-LTR circles is based on quantitative PCR or more recently on digital PCR assessment, but is hampered due to its low abundance. Sample pre-PCR processing is a critical step for 2-LTR circles quantification, which has not yet been sufficiently evaluated in patient derived samples. Materials and Methods: We compared two sample processing procedures to more accurately quantify 2-LTR circles using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR. Episomal HIV 2-LTR circles were either isolated by genomic DNA isolation or by a modified plasmid DNA isolation, to separate the small episomal circular DNA from chromosomal DNA. This was performed in a dilution series of HIV-infected cells and HIV-1 infected patient derived samples (n=59. Samples for the plasmid DNA isolation method were spiked with an internal control plasmid. Results: Genomic DNA isolation enables robust 2-LTR circles quantification. However, in the lower ranges of detection, PCR inhibition caused by high genomic DNA load substantially limits the amount of sample input and this impacts sensitivity and accuracy. Moreover, total genomic DNA isolation resulted in a lower recovery of 2-LTR templates per isolate, further reducing its sensitivity. The modified plasmid DNA isolation with a spiked reference for normalization was more accurate in these low ranges compared to genomic DNA isolation. A linear correlation of both methods was observed in the dilution series (R2=0.974 and in the patient derived samples with 2-LTR numbers above 10 copies per million peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs, (R2=0.671. Furthermore, Bland–Altman analysis revealed an average agreement between the methods within the 27 samples in which 2-LTR circles were detectable with both methods (bias: 0.3875±1.2657 log10. Conclusions: 2-LTR
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Yazan M. Alomari
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Segmentation and counting of blood cells are considered as an important step that helps to extract features to diagnose some specific diseases like malaria or leukemia. The manual counting of white blood cells (WBCs and red blood cells (RBCs in microscopic images is an extremely tedious, time consuming, and inaccurate process. Automatic analysis will allow hematologist experts to perform faster and more accurately. The proposed method uses an iterative structured circle detection algorithm for the segmentation and counting of WBCs and RBCs. The separation of WBCs from RBCs was achieved by thresholding, and specific preprocessing steps were developed for each cell type. Counting was performed for each image using the proposed method based on modified circle detection, which automatically counted the cells. Several modifications were made to the basic (RCD algorithm to solve the initialization problem, detecting irregular circles (cells, selecting the optimal circle from the candidate circles, determining the number of iterations in a fully dynamic way to enhance algorithm detection, and running time. The validation method used to determine segmentation accuracy was a quantitative analysis that included Precision, Recall, and F-measurement tests. The average accuracy of the proposed method was 95.3% for RBCs and 98.4% for WBCs.
Calculation of the mean circle size does not circumvent the bottleneck of crowding.
Banno, Hayaki; Saiki, Jun
2012-10-22
Visually, we can extract a statistical summary of sets of elements efficiently. However, our visual system has a severe limitation in that the ability to recognize an object is remarkably impaired when it is surrounded by other objects. The goal of this study was to investigate whether the crowding effect obstructs the calculation of the mean size of objects. First, we verified that the crowding effect occurs when comparing the sizes of circles (Experiment 1). Next, we manipulated the distances between circles and measured the sensitivity when circles were on or off the limitation of crowding (Experiment 2). Participants were asked to compare the mean sizes of the circles in the left and right visual fields and to judge which was larger. Participants' sensitivity to mean size difference was lower when the circles were located in the nearer distance. Finally, we confirmed that crowding is responsible for the observed results by showing that displays without a crowded object eliminated the effects (Experiment 3). Our results indicate that the statistical information of size does not circumvent the bottleneck of crowding.
Does the Value Circle Exist Within Persons or Only Across Persons?
Borg, Ingwer; Bardi, Anat; Schwartz, Shalom H
2017-04-01
This study tests whether the Schwartz (1992) value circle exists within individuals, not only across individuals, thereby providing evidence for the within-person rationale underlying the value circle. We analyze responses from five samples (a representative sample in Britain, a general population sample in the United States, and university students in Britain and Iran) varying in value measures of the Schwartz value theory (SVS, PVQ40, PVQ21). An unfolding model is used to map each person's value profile into a two-dimensional space representing both persons and values. In all samples, clear value circles were found, with values ordered around the circle largely according to the theory. The model also represents most individuals well. The value circle exists within individuals, providing strong support for the underlying within-person rationale for the Schwartz (1992) value theory. The unfolding analysis allows identifying which persons fit the model less well and in which way, identifying how meaningful subgroups differ in their value profiles, and testing whether meaningful subgroups have different value structures. The model opens up many new possibilities for research linking values to other variables.
Ansari, Saeed; Dadmehr, Majid; Eftekhar, Behzad; McConnell, Douglas J; Ganji, Sarah; Azari, Hassan; Kamali-Ardakani, Shahab; Hoh, Brian L; Mocco, J
2011-12-01
This article describes a straightforward method to measure the dimensions and identify morphological variations in the cerebral arterial circle using the general-purpose software program Osiris. This user-friendly and portable program displays, manipulates, and analyzes medical digital images, and it has the capability to determine morphometric properties of selected blood vessels (or other anatomical structures) in humans and animals. To ascertain morphometric variations in the cerebral arterial circle, 132 brains of recently deceased fetuses, infants, and adults were dissected. The dissection procedure was first digitized, and then the dimensions were measured with Osiris software. Measurements of each vessel's length and external diameters were used to identify and classify morphological variations in the cerebral arterial circle. The most commonly observed anatomical variations were uni- and bilateral hypoplasia of the posterior communicating artery. This study demonstrates that public domain software can be used to measure and classify cerebral arterial circle vessels. This method could be extended to examine other anatomical regions or to study other animals. Additionally, knowledge of variations within the circle could be applied clinically to enhance diagnostic and treatment specificity.
Matsui, Mary S; Schalka, Sérgio; Vanderover, Garrett; Fthenakis, Christina G.; Christopher, J; Bombarda, Patricia Camarano Pinto; Bueno, Juliana Regina; Viscomi, Bianca Lenci Inácio; Bombarda Júnior, Mário Sérgio
2015-01-01
BACKGROUND Peri-orbital dark circles are a cosmetic concern worldwide, and have been attributed to hyperpigmentation from allergy or atopic dermatitis, blood stasis, structural shadowing effects, and a thin epidermis/dermis under the eye. It is of interest to better understand lifestyle and demographic risk factors and the relative impact of melanin, blood and epidermal/dermal factors on the severity of Peri-orbital dark circles. OBJECTIVE To compare by non-invasive imaging the impact of biological factors to a visual grading scale for Peri-orbital dark circles, and test the correlation of various demographic factors with Peri-orbital dark circles. METHODS Subjects completed a lifestyle and health survey, and Peri-orbital dark circles severity was evaluated using standardized photographs. Hyperspectral image analysis was used to assess the contributions of melanin, blood volume, degree of blood oxygen saturation, and dermal scattering. RESULTS Family history was the most significant risk factor for Peri-orbital dark circles. The average age of onset was 24 years, and earlier onset correlated with higher severity scores. Asthma was significantly associated with Peri-orbital dark circles scores, but self-reported allergy was not. In this study, sleep was not correlated with Peri-orbital dark circles scores. Hyperspectral imaging indicated that melanin was the dominant correlate for Peri-orbital dark circles severity, while oxygen saturation was secondary. The difference between under-eye and cheek measurements for ∆L*and ∆E* were the most significant instrumental parameters correlated with visual assessment of Peri-orbital dark circles severity. CONCLUSION Although typically associated with lack of sleep, risk of Peri-orbital dark circles is primarily hereditary. The main factors contributing to the appearance of Peri-orbital dark circles are melanin and (deoxygenated) blood. PMID:26375218
Great circle solution to polarization-based quantum communication (QC) in optical fiber
Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Peterson, Charles Glen; Newell, Raymond Thorson; Hughes, Richard John
2016-03-15
Birefringence in optical fibers is compensated by applying polarization modulation at a receiver. Polarization modulation is applied so that a transmitted optical signal has states of polarization (SOPs) that are equally spaced on the Poincare sphere. Fiber birefringence encountered in propagation between a transmitter and a receiver rotates the great circle on the Poincare sphere that represents the polarization bases used for modulation. By adjusting received polarizations, polarization components of the received optical signal can be directed to corresponding detectors for decoding, regardless of the magnitude and orientation of the fiber birefringence. A transmitter can be configured to transmit in conjugate polarization bases whose SOPs can be represented as equidistant points on a great circle so that the received SOPs are mapped to equidistant points on a great circle and routed to corresponding detectors.
Alvarez-Fernandez, Carlos
2012-01-01
Orthogonal Laurent polynomials in the unit circle and the theory of Toda-like integrable systems are connected using the Gauss--Borel factorization of a Cantero-Moral-Velazquez moment matrix, which is constructed in terms of a complex quasi-definite measure supported in the unit circle. The factorization of the moment matrix leads to orthogonal Laurent polynomials in the unit circle and the corresponding second kind functions. Jacobi operators, 5-term recursion relations and Christoffel-Darboux kernels, projecting to particular spaces of truncated Laurent polynomials, and corresponding Christoffel-Darboux formulae are obtained within this point of view in a completely algebraic way. Cantero-Moral-Velazquez sequence of Laurent monomials is generalized and recursion relations, Christoffel-Darboux kernels, projecting to general spaces of truncated Laurent polynomials and corresponding Christoffel-Darboux formulae are found in this extended context. Continuous deformations of the moment matrix are introduced and ...
Mosh pits and Circle pits: Collective motion at heavy metal concerts
Bierbaum, Matthew; Silverberg, Jesse L.; Sethna, James P.; Cohen, Itai
2013-03-01
Heavy metal concerts present an extreme environment in which large crowds (~102 -105) of humans experience very loud music (~ 130 dB) in sync with bright, flashing lights, often while intoxicated. In this setting, we find two types of collective motion: mosh pits, in which participants collide with each other randomly in a manner resembling an ideal gas, and circle pits, in which participants run collectively in a circle forming a vortex of people. We model these two collective behaviors using a flocking model and find qualitative and quantitative agreement with the behaviors found in videos of metal concerts. Futhermore, we find a phase diagram showing the transition from a mosh pit to a circle pit as well as a predicted third phase, lane formation.
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Washington Alves de Oliveira
Full Text Available ABSTRACT In this work we propose a heuristic algorithm for the layout optimization for disks installed in a rotating circular container. This is a unequal circle packing problem with additional balance constraints. It proved to be an NP-hard problem, which justifies heuristics methods for its resolution in larger instances. The main feature of our heuristic is based on the selection of the next circle to be placed inside the container according to the position of the system's center of mass. Our approach has been tested on a series of instances up to 55 circles and compared with the literature. Computational results show good performance in terms of solution quality and computational time for the proposed algorithm.
On the sum of powered distances to certain sets of points on the circle
Nikolov, Nikolai
2011-01-01
In this paper we consider an extremal problem in geometry. Let $\\lambda$ be a real number and $A$, $B$ and $C$ be arbitrary points on the unit circle $\\Gamma$. We give full characterization of the extremal behavior of the function $f(M,\\lambda)=MA^\\lambda+MB^\\lambda+MC^\\lambda$, where $M$ is a point on the unit circle as well. We also investigate the extremal behavior of $\\sum_{i=1}^nXP_i$, where $P_i, i=1,...,n$ are the vertices of a regular $n$-gon and $X$ is a point on $\\Gamma$, concentric to the circle circumscribed around $P_1...P_n$. We use elementary analytic and purely geometric methods in the proof.
Librino, Federico; Zorzi, Michele
2012-01-01
A novel iterative algorithm for the efficient computation of the intersection areas of an arbitrary number of circles is presented. The algorithm, based on a trellis-structure, hinges on two geometric results which allow the existence-check and the computation of the area of the intersection regions generated by more than three circles by simple algebraic manipulations of the intersection areas of a smaller number of circles. The presented algorithm is a powerful tool for the performance analysis of wireless networks, and finds many applications, ranging from sensor to cellular networks. As an example of practical application, an insightful study of the uplink outage probability of in a wireless network with cooperative access points as a function of the transmission power and access point density is presented.
An algorithm for Path planning with polygon obstacles avoidance based on the virtual circle tangents
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Zahraa Y. Ibrahim
2016-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a new algorithm called the virtual circle tangents is introduced for mobile robot navigation in an environment with polygonal shape obstacles. The algorithm relies on representing the polygonal shape obstacles by virtual circles, and then all the possible trajectories from source to target is constructed by computing the visible tangents between the robot and the virtual circle obstacles. A new method for searching the shortest path from source to target is suggested. Two states of the simulation are suggested, the first one is the off-line state and the other is the on-line state. The introduced method is compared with two other algorithms to study its performance.
Copelin, Michelle Renee
Research has shown that dialogic instruction promotes learning in students. Secondary science has traditionally been taught from an authoritative stance, reinforced in recent years by testing policies requiring coverage. Socratic Circles are a framework for student-led dialogic discourse, which have been successfully used in English language arts and social studies classrooms. The purpose of this research was to explore the implementation process of Socratic Circles in secondary science classes where they have been perceived to be more difficult. Focusing on two physical science classes and one chemistry class, this study described the nature and characteristics of Socratic Circles, teachers' dispositions toward dialogic instruction, the nature and characteristics of student discussion, and student motivation. Socratic Circles were found to be a dialogic support that influenced classroom climate, social skills, content connections, and student participation. Teachers experienced conflict between using traditional test driven scripted teaching, and exploring innovation through dialogic instruction. Students experienced opportunities for peer interaction, participation, and deeper discussions in a framework designed to improve dialogic skills. Students in two of the classrooms showed evidence of motivation for engaging in peer-led discussion, and students in one class did not. The class that did not show evidence of motivation had not been given the same scaffolding as the other two classes. Two physical science teachers and one chemistry teacher found that Socratic Circles required more scaffolding than was indicated by their peers in other disciplines such as English and social studies. The teachers felt that student's general lack of background knowledge for any given topic in physical science or chemistry necessitated the building of a knowledge platform before work on a discussion could begin. All three of the teachers indicated that Socratic Circles were a
Zernike expansion of derivatives and Laplacians of the Zernike circle polynomials.
Janssen, A J E M
2014-07-01
The partial derivatives and Laplacians of the Zernike circle polynomials occur in various places in the literature on computational optics. In a number of cases, the expansion of these derivatives and Laplacians in the circle polynomials are required. For the first-order partial derivatives, analytic results are scattered in the literature. Results start as early as 1942 in Nijboer's thesis and continue until present day, with some emphasis on recursive computation schemes. A brief historic account of these results is given in the present paper. By choosing the unnormalized version of the circle polynomials, with exponential rather than trigonometric azimuthal dependence, and by a proper combination of the two partial derivatives, a concise form of the expressions emerges. This form is appropriate for the formulation and solution of a model wavefront sensing problem of reconstructing a wavefront on the level of its expansion coefficients from (measurements of the expansion coefficients of) the partial derivatives. It turns out that the least-squares estimation problem arising here decouples per azimuthal order m, and per m the generalized inverse solution assumes a concise analytic form so that singular value decompositions are avoided. The preferred version of the circle polynomials, with proper combination of the partial derivatives, also leads to a concise analytic result for the Zernike expansion of the Laplacian of the circle polynomials. From these expansions, the properties of the Laplacian as a mapping from the space of circle polynomials of maximal degree N, as required in the study of the Neumann problem associated with the transport-of-intensity equation, can be read off within a single glance. Furthermore, the inverse of the Laplacian on this space is shown to have a concise analytic form.
Circle of Willis variation in a complex stroke presentation: a case report
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Young Carolyn A
2006-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The impact of circle of Willis anatomical variation upon the presentation of stroke is probably underrecognised. Case presentation A 63-year-old right-handed woman developed a left hemiparesis and right leg weakness sequentially following a road traffic accident (RTA. Despite initial concern about the possibility of cervical spinal cord injury, the final diagnosis was bilateral artery-to-artery embolic cerebral infarction with dominant right internal carotid artery. Conclusion The case illustrates the complex presentation of stroke as a pseudo-cervical cord lesion and the impact of circle of Willis anatomical variation upon the expression of large vessel cerebrovascular disease.
Circular and linear regression fitting circles and lines by least squares
Chernov, Nikolai
2010-01-01
Find the right algorithm for your image processing applicationExploring the recent achievements that have occurred since the mid-1990s, Circular and Linear Regression: Fitting Circles and Lines by Least Squares explains how to use modern algorithms to fit geometric contours (circles and circular arcs) to observed data in image processing and computer vision. The author covers all facets-geometric, statistical, and computational-of the methods. He looks at how the numerical algorithms relate to one another through underlying ideas, compares the strengths and weaknesses of each algorithm, and il
Empirical Research on the Urban Development Level of Wuhan Urban Circle
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Yazhou Xiong
2013-03-01
Full Text Available The research object of this paper is the nine cities of Wuhan urban circle. Firstly, this paper establishes the comprehensive evaluation indicator system and evaluation model of the urban development level via systems analysis, then makes a PCA (Principal Components Analysis to the original data by means of SPSS; Next, this paper analyzes the worked data via AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process and comprehensive score and ranking of the nine cities is obtained and the nine cities are divided into three clusters via K-means clustering analysis; Finally, this paper appraises urban development level of Wuhan urban circle.
The Voronoi diagram of circles and its application to the visualization of the growth of particles
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Anton, François; Mioc, Darka; Gold, Christopher M.
2009-01-01
Circles are frequently used for modelling the growth of particle aggregates through the Voronoi diagram of circles, that is a special instance of the Johnson-Mehl tessellation. The Voronoi diagram of a set of sites is a decomposition of space into proximal regions. The proximal region of a site...... is the locus of points closer to that site than to any other one. Voronoi diagrams allow one to answer proximity queries after locating a query point in the Voronoi zone it belongs to. The dual graph of the Voronoi diagram is called the Delaunay graph. In this paper, we ﬁrst show a necessary and suﬃcient...
Investigation of Brain Arterial Circle Malformations Using Electrical Modelling and Simulation
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Klara Capova
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with the cerebral arterial system investigation by means of electrical modelling and simulations. The main attention is paid to the brain arterial circle malformations (stenoses and aneurysms and their determination and evaluation by computer-aided methods as tools of a non-invasive diagnostics. The compensation possibilities of brain arterial circle in case of presence of concrete arterial malformations are modelled and simulated. The simulation results of brain arteries blood pressures and volume flow velocities time dependences are presented and discussed under various health conditions.
Amplitude variables of circle on the pedagogic pommel horse in gymnastics.
Baudry, Ludovic; Sforza, Chiarella; Leroy, David; Lovecchio, Nicola; Gautier, Geoffroy; Thouvarecq, Régis
2009-05-01
The movement amplitude is a key component of numerous elements in gymnastics. The purpose of the present study is to highlight the most pertinent amplitude variable of the circle performed on the pedagogic pommel horse. Twelve gymnasts (6 expert gymnasts vs. 6 nonexpert gymnasts) performed 10 circles on this event. A Vicon 512 system was used to record the 3-dimensional position of 11 markers fixed on the gymnasts. Our results revealed than 4 amplitude variables permitted us to significantly discriminate the levels of performance of the gymnasts (p gymnasts and to measure improvement in movements after specific training.
Vicious circles of punishment: a reading of Melanie Klein's Envy and gratitude.
Smith, Henry F
2008-01-01
Staged as a moral drama, Melanie Klein's Envy and Gratitude (1957) straddles two eras: one reflecting a simpler more concrete, historical method, and the other an approach of greater complexity, focused on the transferential moment. Embedded within the transference are the vicious circles of envy and punishment that are the hallmark of Klein's text. Punishment itself which is always punishment of both self and other, creates its own vicious circle, set in motion by a single act. In the sadomasochistic enactments that result, the moral force of Klein's categories fuels the countertransference. A detailed clinical hour is presented.
Peer Evaluation of Master Programs: Closing the Quality Circle of the CDIO Approach?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hussmann, Peter Munkebo; Bisi, Anita; Malmqvist, Johan;
2012-01-01
programs within their field at another N5T institution. The article describes the quality enhancement tool in detail, its contribution to the development of the involved programs, and how international peer evaluation can contribute to closing the quality circle. Finally, it assesses the value...... peer evaluations of educational programs to enable their further development and close the quality circle. In addition, the project will contribute to the consolidation of the N5T alliance by facilitating contacts between faculty members and providing them with an in-depth knowledge of the study...
From Death to Life – The Hydrological Circle of Cosmos and Copulation
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Terje Oestigaard
2008-10-01
Full Text Available When a person dies, how is the soul transferred from the dead body to an infant in a mother's womb? In Hinduism this process in understood and explained metaphorically by the hydrological circle and the interrelatedness of fire and water. The cosmological circle of reincarnation is a life-giving process which includes the life-giving waters; the essence of life. Based on mythology and the sacred scriptures, this process is investigated.Key Words: Hindu Mythology, eroticism, funeral practice, sexualityDOI = 10.3126/dsaj.v2i0.1360Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.2 pp.121-144
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Brett Cucchiara
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of an incomplete circle of Willis in patients with migraine with aura, migraine without aura, and control subjects, and correlate circle of Willis variations with alterations in cerebral perfusion. METHODS: Migraine with aura, migraine without aura, and control subjects were prospectively enrolled in a 1∶1∶1 ratio. Magnetic resonance angiography was performed to examine circle of Willis anatomy and arterial spin labeled perfusion magnetic resonance imaging to measure cerebral blood flow. A standardized template rating system was used to categorize circle of Willis variants. The primary pre-specified outcome measure was the frequency of an incomplete circle of Willis. The association between circle of Willis variations and cerebral blood flow was also analyzed. RESULTS: 170 subjects were enrolled (56 migraine with aura, 61 migraine without aura, 53 controls. An incomplete circle of Willis was significantly more common in the migraine with aura compared to control group (73% vs. 51%, p = 0.02, with a similar trend for the migraine without aura group (67% vs. 51%, p = 0.08. Using a quantitative score of the burden of circle of Willis variants, migraine with aura subjects had a higher burden of variants than controls (p = 0.02. Compared to those with a complete circle, subjects with an incomplete circle had greater asymmetry in hemispheric cerebral blood flow (p = 0.05. Specific posterior cerebral artery variants were associated with greater asymmetries of blood flow in the posterior cerebral artery territory. CONCLUSIONS: An incomplete circle of Willis is more common in migraine with aura subjects than controls, and is associated with alterations in cerebral blood flow.
ULYSSES comes full circle, before revisiting the Sun's poles
1998-04-01
From its unique perspective, Ulysses has provided scientists with the very first all-round map of the heliosphere, the huge bubble in space filled by the Sun's wind. The Earth swims deep inside the heliosphere, and gusts and shocks in the solar wind can harm satellites, power supplies and ommunications. They may also affect our planet's weather. A better grasp of the solar weather in the heliosphere is therefore one of the major aims of ESA's science programme. In a project of international cooperation between ESA and NASA, Ulysses was launched towards Jupiter in October 1990 by the US space shuttle Discovery. Arriving in February 1992, Ulysses stole energy from the giant planet in a slingshot manoeuvre and was propelled back towards the Sun in an elongated orbit almost at right angles to the ecliptic plane, where the Earth and other planets circle the Sun. "This month Ulysses returns to the point in space where its out-of-ecliptic journey began, but Jupiter isn't there," explains Richard Marsden, ESA's project scientist for Ulysses. "Following its own inexorable path around the Sun, Jupiter is far away on the opposite side of the Solar System. So Ulysses' course will not be changed a second time. The spacecraft is now in effect a man-made comet, forever bound into a 6-year polar orbit around the Sun." Ulysses now starts its second orbit. It will travel over the poles of the Sun in 2000-2001 just as the count of dark sunspots is expected to reach a maximum. With its operational life extended for the Ulysses Solar Maximum Mission, the spacecraft will find the heliosphere much stormier than during its first orbit. Discoveries so far Like its mythical namesake, Ulysses has already had an eventful voyage of discovery. Its unique trajectory has provided the scientific teams with a new perspective, from far out in space and especially in the previously unknown regions of the heliosphere over the Sun's poles. Passing within 9.8 degrees of the polar axis, the highly
The Two-Spectra Inverse Problem for Semi-infinite Jacobi Matrices in The Limit-Circle Case
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Silva, Luis O., E-mail: silva@leibniz.iimas.unam.mx; Weder, Ricardo [Instituto de Investigaciones en Matematicas Aplicadas y en Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Departamento de Metodos Matematicos y Numericos (Mexico)], E-mail: weder@servidor.unam.mx
2008-05-15
We present a technique for reconstructing a semi-infinite Jacobi operator in the limit circle case from the spectra of two different self-adjoint extensions. Moreover, we give necessary and sufficient conditions for two real sequences to be the spectra of two different self-adjoint extensions of a Jacobi operator in the limit circle case.
Making a Circle: Tool Use and the Spaces where We Live
Noble, Tracy; DiMattia, Cara; Nemirovsky, Ricardo; Barros, Apolinario
2006-01-01
A group of high school students created a drawing of a circle using a device called the Drawing Machine. To describe their experiences, we propose an alternative to the idea that to master a tool one must create a mental version of the tool. We suggest, instead, that as students change their relationships to a tool over time, their lived-in spaces…
Inquiry into Lemercier de la Rivière’s entry into the circle of Quesnay.
Bernard Herencia
2013-01-01
This paper proposes a new reading of the sources to release a new dating for entering Lemercier de la Rivière in intellectual circles of Quesnay and Mirabeau. In doing so, this Physiocrat generally accepted by commentators as a secondary author of the school led by Quesnay, appears as one of its founders.
Treatment of infraorbital dark circles using 694-nm fractional Q-switched ruby laser.
Xu, Tian-Hua; Li, Yuan-Hong; Chen, John Z S; Gao, Xing-Hua; Chen, Hong-Duo
2016-12-01
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using a 694-nm fractional Q-switched ruby laser to treat infraorbital dark circles. Thirty women with infraorbital dark circles (predominant color: dark/brown) participated in this open-labeled study. The participants received eight sessions of 694-nm fractional Q-switched ruby laser treatment using a fluence of 3.0-3.5 J/cm(2), at an interval of 7 days. The melanin deposition in the lesional skin was observed in vivo using reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM). The morphological changes were evaluated using a global evaluation, an overall self-assessment, and a Mexameter. Twenty-eight of the 30 patients showed global improvements that they rated as excellent or good. Twenty-six patients rated their overall satisfaction as excellent or good. The melanin index indicated a substantial decrease from 240.44 (baseline) to 194.56 (P dark/brown infraorbital dark circles is caused by increased melanin deposition in the upper dermis. The treatment of these infraorbital dark circles using a 694-nm fractional QSR laser is safe and effective.
Reactivation of chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus-6 by telomeric circle formation.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bhupesh K Prusty
Full Text Available More than 95% of the human population is infected with human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6 during early childhood and maintains latent HHV-6 genomes either in an extra-chromosomal form or as a chromosomally integrated HHV-6 (ciHHV-6. In addition, approximately 1% of humans are born with an inheritable form of ciHHV-6 integrated into the telomeres of chromosomes. Immunosuppression and stress conditions can reactivate latent HHV-6 replication, which is associated with clinical complications and even death. We have previously shown that Chlamydia trachomatis infection reactivates ciHHV-6 and induces the formation of extra-chromosomal viral DNA in ciHHV-6 cells. Here, we propose a model and provide experimental evidence for the mechanism of ciHHV-6 reactivation. Infection with Chlamydia induced a transient shortening of telomeric ends, which subsequently led to increased telomeric circle (t-circle formation and incomplete reconstitution of circular viral genomes containing single viral direct repeat (DR. Correspondingly, short t-circles containing parts of the HHV-6 DR were detected in cells from individuals with genetically inherited ciHHV-6. Furthermore, telomere shortening induced in the absence of Chlamydia infection also caused circularization of ciHHV-6, supporting a t-circle based mechanism for ciHHV-6 reactivation.
Integer Programming Formulations for Approximate Packing Circles in a Rectangular Container
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Igor Litvinchev
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A problem of packing a limited number of unequal circles in a fixed size rectangular container is considered. The aim is to maximize the (weighted number of circles placed into the container or minimize the waste. This problem has numerous applications in logistics, including production and packing for the textile, apparel, naval, automobile, aerospace, and food industries. Frequently the problem is formulated as a nonconvex continuous optimization problem which is solved by heuristic techniques combined with local search procedures. New formulations are proposed for approximate solution of packing problem. The container is approximated by a regular grid and the nodes of the grid are considered as potential positions for assigning centers of the circles. The packing problem is then stated as a large scale linear 0-1 optimization problem. The binary variables represent the assignment of centers to the nodes of the grid. Nesting circles inside one another is also considered. The resulting binary problem is then solved by commercial software. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed approach and compared with known results.
Aseron, Johnnie; Greymorning, S. Neyooxet; Miller, Adrian; Wilde, Simon
2013-01-01
Indigenous experiences, as found within traditional ways and cultural practices, are an acknowledgement of traditional methods for sharing, learning, and collective knowledge development and maintenance. The application of Cultural Safety Circles can help provide a collective space where definitions for cultural and educational exchange can take…
Two-dimensional Few-circle Optical Pulses in the Inhomogeneous Environment of Carbon Nanotubes
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M.B. Belonenko
2015-12-01
Full Text Available We consider the task about few-circle optical pulses dynamics (light bullets in the inhomogeneous environment of carbon nanotubes. Electromagnetic field of pulse describes classically, on basis of Maxwell equation, and carbon nanotubes give dispersion law for electrons, which interacting with pulse. We show that light bullets propagate stably.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Xuewen; XUAN Wei; JIANG Tao; JI Degang; YANG Yongsheng; ZHANG Dan; XIE Yingjun; MENG Zihui; ZHAO Jisheng
2007-01-01
The aim of this paper is to summarize the methods of pancreaficojejunostomy in the pancreatic operation and to study the safety and feasibility of a new operative method called end-to-end invagination pancreaticojejunostomy with circle discontinuous U suture to prevent fistula of pancreaticojejunostomy.Eight-three patients with pancreaticoduodenectomy in the 3rd Hospital,Jilin University from 2001 January to 2006 April were reviewed.The incidences of pancreatic fistula with different types of pancreaticojejunostomy were compared.The overall incidence rate of pancreatic fistula was 26.5% (22/83).No pancreatic fistula occurred in end-to-end invagination pancreaticojejunostomy with circle discontinuous U suture.The incidence rate of the fistula following end-to-end invagination pancreaticojejunostomy with circle discontinuous U suture was significantly lower than that of traditional end-to-end pancreaticojejunostomy [40%,(10/25),P＜0.01] and end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy [27.3%,(12/44),P ＜ 0.05],but no significant difference (P＞0.05) between traditional end-to-end pancreaticojejunostomy and end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomywas discovered.End-to-end invagination pancreaticojejunostomy with circle discontinuous U suture has a definite effect on avoiding pancreatic fistula following pancreaticojejunostomy and is worth being recommended.But the cases were limited,so this method would still need to be observed and confirmed further in the future.
The rolling-circle melting-pot model for porcine circovirus DNA replication
A stem-loop structure, formed by a pair of inverted repeats during DNA replication, is a conserved feature at the origin of DNA replication (Ori) among plant and animal viruses, bacteriophages and plasmids that replicate their genomes via the rolling-circle replication (RCR) mechanism. Porcine circo...
Quasi-periodic Bifurcations of Invariant Circles in Low-dimensional Dissipative Dynamical Systems
Vitolo, Renato; Broer, Henk; Simo, Carles
2011-01-01
This paper first summarizes the theory of quasi-periodic bifurcations for dissipative dynamical systems. Then it presents algorithms for the computation and continuation of invariant circles and of their bifurcations. Finally several applications are given for quasiperiodic bifurcations of Hopf, sad
The Influence of Quality Circles on Attitudinal Outcomes Among Civil Engineering Personnel.
1985-09-01
hygiene factors are related to job context. Herzberg recommends that jobs should be *enriched" by making the work more meaningful and interesting. He...34 Quality Progress, 13: 30-33 (1980b). Crawford, Maj Frederick L. "Quality Circles Results Measurement in the Federal Sector." Report to Air Command
Dear Nel: Opening the Circles of Care (Letters to Nel Noddings)
Lake, Robert
2012-01-01
This collection is a moving tribute to Nel Noddings, a fascinating and influential scholar who has contributed greatly to numerous fields, including education, feminism, ethics, and the study of social justice and equity. "Dear Nel: Opening the Circles of Care" presents contributions from renowned teachers, educators, and activists, such as David…
Quality circles to improve prescribing of primary care physicians. Three comparative studies.
Wensing, M.J.P.; Broge, B.; Riens, B.; Kaufmann-Kolle, P.; Akkermans, R.P.; Grol, R.P.T.M.; Szecsenyi, J.
2009-01-01
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of quality circles on prescribing patterns of primary care physicians in Germany and to explore the influence of specific factors on changes. METHODS: Three large non-randomised comparative studies were performed in primary care in Germany, with baseline measu
Early-Years Teachers' Concept Images and Concept Definitions: Triangles, Circles, and Cylinders
Tsamir, Pessia; Tirosh, Dina; Levenson, Esther; Barkai, Ruthi; Tabach, Michal
2015-01-01
This study investigates practicing early-years teachers' concept images and concept definitions for triangles, circles, and cylinders. Teachers were requested to define each figure and then to identify various examples and non-examples of the figure. Teachers' use of correct and precise mathematical language and reference to critical and…
"Telling Stories Long into the Night": Romantic Circles High School Project.
Walton, Brenda H.; Bork, Tara
2001-01-01
Reports on the authors' experiences in the Romantic Circles (RC) High School Project. Considers how RC High enables technology to be used as a tool in the study of literature and culture of the past, subjects that often seem dead and remote from a student's concern. (SG)
Dinner Tables and Concentric Circles: A Harmony of Mathematics, Music, and Physics
Douthett, Jack; Krantz, Richard J.
2008-01-01
How should men and women be seated around a dinner table to maximize conversation between members of the opposite sex? What can be said about the distribution of points around two concentric circles? How are the white and black keys on the piano keyboard organized? What spin configuration in the Ising model minimizes energy? These four problems…
Detection of Veneer Moisture Content by Surface-circle-shaped Resistance
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Sa Chao; Du Hongbo; Zhang Biguang; Wang Guozhu
2003-01-01
This paper, with veneer as a particularly detected target, deals with a new method for detecting veneer moisture content. Surface resistance is measured by the fixed pressure, circle-shaped point and surface-touched detector. With the help of the computer, the veneer moisture and its distribution will be detected in a faster way with no harm to the veneer surface.
Volunteers in Circles of Support and Accountability : Job demands, job resources, and outcome
Höing, M.A.; Vogelvang, B.; Bogaerts, Stefan
2016-01-01
In Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), volunteers support a medium- to high-risk sex offender in his process toward desistance by developing a long-term empathic relationship. More knowledge is needed about the impact of this work on volunteers themselves. In a sample of 40 Dutch CoSA volu
Learners' Perceptions toward Pronunciation Instruction in Three Circles of World Englishes
Kang, Okim
2015-01-01
From the perspective of World Englishes (i.e., varieties of English in different regions of the world), mutual intelligibility is a key issue for both listeners and speakers. Nevertheless, learners often have an idealized notion of native-speaker spoken norms and may be in favor of more prestigious inner circle models than others. This study…
Statistics of Poincare recurrences for a class of smooth circle maps
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buric, Nikola [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Beograd, Vojvode Stepe 450, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)]. E-mail: buric@phy.bg.ac.yu; Rampioni, Aldo [Department of Physics, University of Bologna, INFN Sezione di Bologna (Italy); Turchetti, Giorgio [Department of Physics, University of Bologna, INFN Sezione di Bologna (Italy)
2005-03-01
Statistics of Poincare recurrence for a class of circle maps, including sub-critical, critical, and super-critical cases, are studied. It is shown how the topological differences in the various types of the dynamics are manifested in the statistics of the return times.
Coles-Ritchie, Marilee
2013-01-01
This study explores the process of implementing literature circles using ethnographies as the texts to better prepare teachers for multicultural/ multilingual teaching contexts. Data collected by the course instructor and two of the participants, using a Critical Teacher Action Research (CTAR) methodology, indicate that participants think…
Analytical methods for an elliptic singular perturbation problem In a circle
Temme, N.M.
2007-01-01
We consider an elliptic perturbation problem in a circle by using the analytical solution that is given by a Fourier series with coefficients in terms of modified Bessel functions. By using saddle point methods we construct asymptotic approximations with respect to a small parameter. In particular
Analytical methods for an elliptic singular perturbation problem in a circle
Temme, N.M.
2006-01-01
We consider an elliptic perturbation problem in a circle by using the analytical solution that is given by a Fourier series with coefficients in terms of modified Bessel functions. By using saddle point methods we construct asymptotic approximations with respect to a small parameter. In particular w
Runaway Climate Change as Challenge to the "Closing Circle" of Education for Sustainable Development
Selby, David; Kagawa, Fumiyo
2010-01-01
Education for sustainable development (ESD) is the latest and thickest manifestation of the "closing circle" of policy-driven environmental education. Characterised by definitional haziness, a tendency to blur rather than lay bare inconsistencies and incompatibilities, and a cozy but ill-considered association with the globalisation agenda, the…
Penentuan Segmen Pasar Produk Private Label Makanan Siap Saji (Studi Pada Circle K Surabaya)
2015-01-01
Segmentasi pasar memberikan peluang bagi peritel guna menyesuaikan produknya dengan permintaan konsumen. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui segmen pasar produk private label makanan siap saji di Circle K. Penelitian menggunakan analisis deskriptif untuk menggambarkan karakteristik konsumen dari variabel demografis, geografis, dan perilaku, analisis cluster K-Mean untuk menentukan segmen pasar dari variabel psikografis, analisis SWOT untuk menyusun faktor-faktor strategis perusahaan. Ha...
Abdelrasoul, Mohamed Mahmoud Ibrahim
2014-01-01
The present study aimed at developing the necessary critical reading skills and social skills of the Egyptian EFL second year preparatory school students, through a proposed program based on using reading circles strategy. The study participants were 44 students from Sohag Experimental Preparatory School in Sohag Governorate. Instruments of the…
Embedding and Distributing Constant Time Delay in Circle Time and Transitions.
Wolery, Mark; Anthony, Leslie; Caldwell, Nicola K.; Snyder, Erin D.; Morgante, James D.
2002-01-01
This study evaluated embedding and distributing constant time delay instructional trials into circle time and transitions between activities in a summer camp program. Three boys (ages 5-8) with disabilities or behavior problems participated. Results indicated the children acquired the behaviors they were taught and generalized the learned…
Volunteers in circles of support and accountability : Job demands, job resources, and outcome
Höing, M.A.; Vogelvang, B.; Bogaerts, Stefan
2017-01-01
In Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), volunteers support a medium- to high-risk sex offender in his process toward desistance by developing a long-term empathic relationship. More knowledge is needed about the impact of this work on volunteers themselves. In a sample of 40 Dutch CoSA volu
NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS FOR THE TRANSIENT FLOW IN THE HOMOGENOUS CLOSED CIRCLE RESERVOIRS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周蓉; 刘曰武; 周富信
2003-01-01
There are many fault block fields in China. A fault block field consists of fault pools.The small fault pools can be viewed as the closed circle reservoirs in some case. In order to know the pressure change of the developed formation and provide the formation data for developing the fault block fields reasonably, the transient flow should be researched. In this paper, we use the automatic mesh generation technology and the finite element method to solve the transient flow problem for the well located in the closed circle reservoir, especially for the well located in an arbitrary position in the closed circle reservoir. The pressure diffusion process is visualized and the well-location factor concept is first proposed in this paper. The typical curves of pressure vs time for the well with different welllocation factors are presented. By comparing numerical results with the analytical solutions of the well located in the center of the closed circle reservoir, the numerical method is verified.
Classroom community and discourse: How argumentation emerges during a Socratic circle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alexis Carmela Brown
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Literacy and language development is a central aspect of educational theory and practice. One area of literacy and rowlanguage research that has had a lot of attention is dialogic teaching (Bakhtin, 1984; Freire, 1970; Murphey, Wilkinson, Soter, Hennessey, & Alexander, 2009; Reznitskaya & Gregory, 2013. However, there is limited research on how high school students use their classroom discourse to construct meaning, especially in argumentation. The purpose of this data analysis is to investigate the emergence of argumentation literacy in a Socratic circle. Socratic circles, a literacy practice consisting of two concentric circles of students focused around a piece of text, are used to provide students with the opportunity to co-construct meaning through classroom dialogue (Copeland, 2005. The emergence and construction of argumentation is analyzed by applying discourse analysis to a video of a high school classroom,. Findings from this analysis reveal that through the use of exploratory talk, three discourse patterns emerge that are in line with argumentation practices: (1 generalizations, (2 communicative struggles, and (3 co-construction of ideas. Results of the analysis are discussed to inform theory and instruction on dialogic teaching and the use of Socratic circles to develop argumentation-related forms of literacy.
A Study of Traditional Circle Games Played in Public School Kindergartens across the United States.
Rothlein, Liz; And Others
1988-01-01
Investigates traditional circle games played in 203 public school kindergartens in 35 states. Results indicate that music/movement and racing games were the major game categories; the most common frequency and duration was three times per week for 20 minutes; and the purposes of the games were to have fun, and to foster social, physical motor, and…
17th century arguments for the impossibility of the indefinite and the definite circle quadrature
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lützen, Jesper
2014-01-01
The classical problem of the quadrature (or equivalently the rectification) of the circle enjoyed a renaissance in the second half of the 17th century. The new analytic methods provided the means for the discovery of infinite expressions of and for the first attempts to prove impossibility statem...
Y-G. Ahn
2007-01-01
textabstractIn line with the growing importance of Corporate Sustainability Management (CSM) in business circles, the linkages between CSM, corporate values and performance is becoming increasingly higher on the agenda both for internal corporate management purposes and for external relations for co
Approximation by polynomials and Blaschke products having all zeros on a circle
Farmer, David W
2010-01-01
We show that a nonvanishing analytic function on a domain in the unit disc can be approximated by (a scalar multiple of) a Blaschke product whose zeros lie on a prescribed circle enclosing the domain. We also give a new proof of the analogous classical result for polynomials. A connection is made to universality results for the Riemann zeta function.
Quasi-symmetric Conjugacy of Blaschke Products on the unit Circle
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Petersen, Carsten Lunde
2007-01-01
Let B be a Blaschke product for which the restriction to the unit circle 1 is a degree d > 1 covering. We prove that B is quasi-symmetrically conjugate to z zd on 1, if all its periodic points in 1 are repelling and if 1 does not intersect the -limit set of any recurrent critical point for B....
The Three Circles Redux: A Market-Theoretic Perspective on World Englishes
Park, Joseph Sung-Yul; Wee, Lionel
2009-01-01
While Kachru's Three Circles model of World Englishes (Kachru 1985, 1986; Kachru and Nelson 1996) has been highly influential in highlighting the changing distribution and functions of English, it has also been criticized for its inability to account for the heterogeneity and dynamics of English-using communities, and for perpetuating the very…
Altman, Renana; Kidron, Ivy
2016-01-01
Processes of knowledge construction are investigated. A learner is constructing knowledge about the trigonometric functions and their geometric meaning on the unit circle. The analysis is based on the dynamically nested epistemic action model for abstraction in context. Different tasks are offered to the learner. In his effort to perform the…
Latendresse, Carter
2004-01-01
This article discusses a reading instruction applicable to widely diverse classrooms, because it weaves together dynamic strands from three approaches to teaching reading: literature circle method, reciprocal teaching, and modern literary theories. The author presents three stages to achieve reading success: (1) applying the key features of…
The Schur algorithm for generalized Schur functions III : J-unitary matrix polynomials on the circle
Alpay, Daniel; Azizov, Tomas; Dijksma, Aad; Langer, Heinz
2003-01-01
The main result is that for J = ((1)(0) (0)(-1)) every J-unitary 2 x 2-matrix polynomial on the unit circle is an essentially unique product of elementary J-unitary 2 x 2-matrix polynomials which are either of degree 1 or 2k. This is shown by means of the generalized Schur transformation introduced
PT-invariance and representations of the Temperley-Lieb algebra on the unit circle
Korff, Christian
2007-01-01
We present in detail a recent conjecture on self-adjoint representations of the Temperley-Lieb algebra for particular values on the unit circle. The formulation in terms of graphical calculus is emphasized and discussed for several examples. The role of PT (parity and time reversal) invariance is highlighted as it might prove important for generalising the construction to other cases.
Quantization of Sine-Gordon solitons on the circle: semiclassical vs. exact results
Pawellek, Michael
2008-01-01
We consider the semiclassical quantization of sine-Gordon solitons on the circle with periodic and anti-periodic boundary conditions. The 1-loop quantum corrections to the mass of the solitons are determined using zeta function regularization in the integral representation. We compare the semiclassical results with exact numerical calculations in the literature and find excellent agreement even outside the plain semiclassical regime.
"Slow Down, You Move Too Fast:" Literature Circles as Reflective Practice
Sanacore, Joseph
2013-01-01
Becoming an effective literacy learner requires a bit of slowing down and appreciating the reflective nature of reading and writing. Literature circles support this instructional direction because they provide opportunities for immersing students in discussions that encourage their personal responses. When students feel their personal responses…
Tunç-Pekkan, Zelha
2015-01-01
It is now well known that fractions are difficult concepts to learn as well as to teach. Teachers usually use circular pies, rectangular shapes and number lines on the paper as teaching tools for fraction instruction. This article contributes to the field by investigating how the widely used three external graphical representations (i.e., circle,…
Circle of Security in Child Care: Putting Attachment Theory into Practice in Preschool Classrooms
Cooper, Glen; Hoffman, Kent; Powell, Bert
2017-01-01
This article describes the Circle of Security-Classroom (COS-C) approach to applying attachment theory in preschool settings. Early childhood is an incubator for a wide range of development including the underpinnings of school readiness. Secure teacher-child relationships support this process. However, most preschool staff members lack guidance…
The Arithmetic of Elliptic Fibrations in Gauge Theories on a Circle
Grimm, Thomas W; Klevers, Denis
2016-01-01
The geometry of elliptic fibrations translates to the physics of gauge theories in F-theory. We systematically develop the dictionary between arithmetic structures on elliptic curves as well as desingularized elliptic fibrations and symmetries of gauge theories on a circle. We show that the Mordell-Weil group law matches integral large gauge transformations around the circle in Abelian gauge theories and explain the significance of Mordell-Weil torsion in this context. We also use Higgs transitions and circle large gauge transformations to introduce a group law for genus-one fibrations with multi-sections. Finally, we introduce a novel arithmetic structure on elliptic fibrations with non-Abelian gauge groups in F-theory. It is defined on the set of exceptional divisors resolving the singularities and divisor classes of sections of the fibration. This group structure can be matched with certain integral non-Abelian large gauge transformations around the circle when studying the theory on the lower-dimensional ...
Using Social Networks and ICTs to Enhance Literature Circles: A Practical Approach
Walker, Andrea
2010-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to describe and demonstrate how social networks such as "Facebook" and "Goodreads", and information and communication technologies (ICTs) tools like laptops and iPods can support and enhance literature circles. The innovation described is implemented by the library and aims to promote reading for…
New mechanized system for circle spraying of oil palms seedling emergence
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Darius El Pebrian
2012-04-01
Full Text Available A new machine system has been designed, developed and evaluated for extensive circle spraying of oil palms (Elaeis guineensis Jacq. in an effort to overcome the inefficient spraying problem with the conventional spraying system. The machine system consists of a four-wheeled drive 4WD prime mover with front mounted machine attachments for the circle spraying operation. The configuration of the circle spraying attachment consists of a hexagonal curved spray boom, lifting arm, opening-tilting mechanism unit, storage tank, spray pump, solid cone nozzles, and associate hydraulic system. Field performance tests on the machine system showed an average effective field capacity of 7.89 ha per man per day and when compared to the earlier reported effective field capacity of the walking spray-operated equipment using Serena LT16 knapsack sprayer; a difference of 1.97 time for circle spraying of mature palms grove. Reduction in the human energy expenditure of 101.28 kJ man-1 h-1 or 10.68 % but an increase in the spraying cost of 1.53 USD ha-1 or 24.9 % were obtained with the machine system against the walking spraying-operated equipment using Serena LT16 knapsack sprayer. Justification for machine system to be cost effective could be satisfied if the present effective field capacity is increased to 1.263 time with good skilled operator or if the current R&D cost is reduced to 0.41 time. This is because the improved field capacity of new machine system could not rationalize its current R&D cost. Admittedly, the machine system has great potential to overcome the limitations with the current employed machine/equipment in the circle spraying operation of oil palms in the plantation.
Enhanced x-ray resolving power achieved behind the focal circles of Cauchois spectrometers.
Seely, John F; Hudson, Lawrence T; Holland, Glenn E; Henins, Albert
2008-05-20
Maintaining high resolving power is a primary challenge in hard x-ray spectroscopy of newly developed bright and transient x-ray sources such as laser-produced plasmas. To address this challenge, the line widths in x-ray spectra with energies in the 17 keV to 70 keV range were recorded by positioning the detectors on and behind the focal circles of Cauchois type transmission-crystal spectrometers. To analyze and understand the observed line widths, we developed a geometrical model that accounts for source broadening and various instrumental broadening mechanisms. The x-ray sources were laboratory Mo or W electron-bombarded anodes, and the spectra were recorded on photostimulable phosphor image plates. For these relatively small x-ray sources, it was found that when the detector was placed on or near the focal circle, the line widths were dominated by the effective spatial resolution of the detector. When the detector was positioned beyond the focal circle, the line widths were determined primarily by source-size broadening. Moreover, the separation between the spectral lines increased with distance behind the focal circle faster than the line widths, resulting in increased resolving power with distance. Contributions to line broadenings caused by the crystal thickness, crystal rocking curve width, geometrical aberrations, and natural widths of the x-ray transitions were in all cases smaller than detector and source broadening, but were significant for some spectrometer geometries. The various contributions to the line widths, calculated using simple analytical expressions, were in good agreement with the measured line widths for a variety of spectrometer and source conditions. These modeling and experimental results enable the design of hard x-ray spectrometers that are optimized for high resolving power and for the measurement of the x-ray source size from the line widths recorded behind the focal circle.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ovchintsev Mikhail Petrovich
2014-04-01
Full Text Available This paper considers the problem of optimal recovery of bounded analytic functions. Namely, the values of these functions are determined at the point from their values at n given points lying in the unit circle. At first, we recall the necessary basic concepts: error of approximation by some method (which is a complex function of n complex variables, the best approximation method. Some theorems from the works of K.U. Osipenko are discussed: on the existence of a best linear approximation method and on calculating the error of best recovery method. After that we write out the formula for finding the error of best approximation method of bounded analytic functions in a unit circle. The lemma of conformal invariance of optimal recovery problem of these functions follows. We prove that under conformal mapping of the unit circle onto itself the error of the best approximation method before mapping coincides with the error of the best approximation method after mapping. It is also proved that a linear best method after conformal mapping coincides with the linear best restore method before this mapping (wherein the problem of optimal recovery after mapping is considered on the images of n given points lying in the original unit circle. Finally, we consider the problem of optimal recovery of bounded analytic functions in a circle in special case when the given points coincide with the vertices of a regular n-gon, and the point itself coincides with its center (which coincides with the origin. We prove that all the coefficients of the best linear method in this case are identical (wherein we apply the lemma of conformal invariance of optimal recovery problem of bounded analytic functions. The formulas for calculating these coefficients are given (for this purpose we write out an integral. The result is the smart, simple formulas for calculating the coefficients of the best linear approximation method for this particular case.
一种工程图中圆的整体识别方法%A Method of Global Recogniting Circles about Engineering Drawing
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张显全
2003-01-01
In study on recognition of engineering drawings,the recognition for circle is a key technology. A newmethod of global recognition circle about engineering drawing is presented. Image of engineering drawing is process-ed. It depends on the circular arc of the image,the circle or circular arc is global recognized by tracing the circle direc-tion and region. Experimental results show that the method is feasibility and availability.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhubin He; Z. R. Wang; Kunpeng Kang
2004-01-01
The Mohr stress circle for three-dimensional stress is usually determined by equations,which is lack of intuitionistic meanings and difficult to understand. In this paper, the construction of Mohr stress circle is illustrated directly by numerical method. The shortcoming of Mohr stress circle in representing the stress components on different oblique planes for three-dimensional stress is analyzed. A three-dimensional figure is given to describe the variation of normal and shear stress on different oblique planes at one point for the first time.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lütfi İncikabı
2015-04-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine seventh grade students’ preferences among the procedural, conceptual and graphical questions in the subject of circles, to define their success levels in their preferences, and to compare students’ success levels in one question type with their performances in other question types. The methodology adopted during this research was case study. Based on criterion-based purposive sampling strategy, 98 middle school students were selected as the participants. Data were collected through an achievement test consisting of nine questions (three per question type. The results obtained from the study indicated that students mostly preferred graphical question types. Moreover, majority of students could not succeeded high levels in their preferred question types. In addition, the students performed better in graphical question types; however, the failure in procedural question types was remarkable. Keywords: Multiple representations, middle school students, mathematics education, circles
Integrated photonic 3D waveguide arrays for quantum random walks on a circle
Linjordet, Trond
2010-01-01
Quantum random walks (QRWs) can be used to perform both quantum simulations and quantum algorithms. In order to exploit this potential, quantum walks on different types of graphs must be physically implemented. To this end this we design, model and experimentally fabricate, using the femtosecond laser direct-write technique, a 3D tubular waveguide array within glass to implement a photonic quantum walk on a circle. The boundary conditions of a QRW on a circle naturally suggests a 3D waveguide implementation - allowing much simpler device design than what could be achieved using a 2D waveguide architecture. We show that, in some cases, three-dimensional photonic circuits can be more suited to the simulation of complex quantum phenomena.
Pythagorean hodograph spline spirals that match G3 Hermite data from circles
Li, Zhong
2015-04-01
A construction is given for a G3 piecewise rational Pythagorean hodograph convex spiral which interpolates two G3 Hermite data associated with two non-concentric circles, one being inside the other. The spiral solution is of degree 7 and is the involute of a G2 convex curve, referred to as the evolute solution, with prescribed length, and composed of two PH quartic curves. Conditions for G3 continuous contact with circles are then studied and it turns out that an ordinary cusp at each end of the evolute solution is required. Thus, geometric properties of a family of PH polynomial quartics, allowing to generate such an ordinary cusp at one end, are studied. Finally, a constructive algorithm is described with illustrative examples.
Strange non-chaotic attractors in quasiperiodically forced circle maps: Diophantine forcing
Jäger, T
2011-01-01
We study parameter families of quasiperiodically forced (qpf) circle maps with Diophantine frequency. Under certain C1-open conditions concerning their geometry, we prove that these families exhibit nonuniformly hyperbolic behaviour, often referred to as the existence of strange nonchaotic attractors, on parameter sets of positive measure. This provides a nonlinear version of results by Young on quasiperiodic SL (2;R)-cocycles and complements previous results in this direction which hold for sets of frequencies of positive measure, but did not allow for an explicit characterisation of these frequencies. As an application, we study a qpf version of the Arnold circle map and show that the Arnold tongue corresponding to rotation number 1/2 collapses on an open set of parameters. The proof requires to perform a parameter exclusion with respect to some twist parameter and is based on the multiscale analysis of the dynamics on certain dynamically defined critical sets. A crucial ingredient is to obtain good control...
Shared inputs and desynchrony in elliptic bursters: from slow passage to discontinuous circle maps
Lajoie, Guillaume
2010-01-01
What input signals will lead to synchrony vs. desynchrony in a group of biological oscillators? This question connects with both classical dynamical sys- tems analyses of entrainment and phase locking and with emerging studies of stimulation patterns for controlling neural network activity. Here, we focus on the response of a population of uncoupled, elliptically bursting neurons to a com- mon pulsatile input. We extend a phase reduction from the literature to capture inputs of varied strength, leading to a circle map with discontinuities of various orders. In a combined analytical and numerical approach, we apply our results to both a normal form model for elliptic bursting and to a biophysically-based model for neurons of the basal ganglia. We find that, depending on the period and amplitude of inputs, the response can either appear chaotic (with provably positive Lyaponov exponent for the associated circle maps), or periodic with a broad range of phase-locked periods. Throughout, we discuss the critical un...
The Study of Transcendence Circles in Golshan-e Raz and Mafatih al-E’jaz
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M Panahi
2014-03-01
Jungian attitude to the system of these circles leads to the discovery of their psychological aspect. The process of individuation is mapped onto the man’s revelation and he who has reached the center projects his progression on the system of being. Thus, the being also should move from individuation to center and experiences divine kindness and wrath via god’s glory and beauty manifestations.
Right-invariant Sobolev metrics ${H}^{s}$ on the diffeomorphisms group of the circle
Escher, Joachim
2012-01-01
We study the geodesic flow on the diffeomorphisms group of the circle with respect to the right-invariant metric induced by the fractional Sobolev norm $H^s$ for $s\\ge1/2$. We show that the corresponding initial value problem possesses a maximal solution in the smooth category and that the Riemannian exponential mapping is a smooth diffeomorphism from a neighbourhood of 0 in $C^{\\infty}(S)$ onto a neighbourhood of the identity in $Diff^{\\infty}(S)$.
Infinite-Dimensional Feedback Systems: The Circle Criterion and Input-to-State Stability
2008-01-01
An input-to-state stability theory, which subsumes results of circle criterion type, is developed in the context of a class of infinite-dimensional systems. The generic system is of Lur’e type: a feedback interconnection of a well-posed infinite-dimensional linear system and a nonlinearity. The class of nonlinearities is subject to a (generalized) sector condition and contains, as particular subclasses, both static nonlinearities and hysteresis operators of Preisach type.
Mitra, Jubin
2013-01-01
The Circle of Willis is in the junction of two carotid arteries and two vertebral arteries that supply the brain with nutrition. Junctions where these arteries come together may develop weak spots that can balloon out and fill with blood, creating aneurysms. These sac-like areas may leak or rupture, spilling blood into surrounding tissues which may cause artery spasm leading to potential stroke or even death. Clipping and coiling are two treatment options preferred by neurosurgeon which requi...
Common Directions in Caucasian Chalk Circle and Keşanlı Ali Destanı
ODACI, Serdar
2016-01-01
Epic Theater founded by Bertolt Brecht influenced world literaturein the half of 20th century. Epic theater is against to Aristothalesian Theater.Naturally Brehct's plays were translated to Turkish and were presented. SuchTurkish writers as Haldun Taner and Vasıf Öngeren wrote play according toepic theater concept. In this paper common aspects in Keşanlı Ali Destanıand Caucasian Chalk Circle are examined.
"Common Directions in Caucasian Chalk Circle and Keşanlı Ali Destanı"
ODACI, Serdar
2010-01-01
Epic Theater founded by Bertolt Brecht influenced world literature in the half of 20th century. Epic theater is against to Aristothalesian Theater. Naturally Brehct's plays were translated to Turkish and were presented. Such Turkish writers as Haldun Taner and Vasıf Öngeren wrote play according to epic theater concept. In this paper common aspects in Keşanlı Ali Destanı and Caucasian Chalk Circle are examined.
Investigating the Use of Circle in Gear Cutting as a Substitute to Involute Profile
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A.D. Kibet
2012-05-01
Full Text Available Gears are used in various machines and industries for transportation and transmission of power. Other uses are in consumer electronics and many machines used in homes like the washing machines, electric drills and kitchen appliances. Gears come in different sizes ranging from a module of 0.5 to 100 mm. Currently there is a problem of accurately machining gears. This is due to inaccurate positioning of the blank and cutter. The objective of the study was to investigate and determine the appropriate way of producing quality and accurate gears most economically through the use of a circle as a substitute to involute profile in gear cutting. Two different gears of same dimensional characteristics were cut; one using a Computer Numerical Control machine utilizing circle profile and the other using conventional milling machine. Dimensional comparisons were made of the two cut gears against an actual involute profile to determine the margin of error. The circle involute profile made using CNC was found to be exactly as the true involute profile though an error of 0.078 mm was observed in some sections of the profile. For the hobbing case, it was impossible to accurately machine the actual depth and as such, the intended depth of 7.32 was surpassed by 0.2 mm. The tooth was thicker throughout the length of the profile and the fillet radii lucked homogeneity. The involute circle approach was therefore successful and as such can benefit all CNC users and gear cutters in producing accurate gears cheaply.
The partition function of a multi-component Coulomb gas on a circle
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jokela, Niko; Keski-Vakkuri, Esko [Helsinki Institute of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 64, FIN-00014 (Finland); Jaervinen, Matti [University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)], E-mail: niko.jokela@helsinki.fi, E-mail: mjarvine@ifk.sdu.dk, E-mail: esko.keski-vakkuri@helsinki.fi
2008-04-11
We study a two-dimensional Coulomb gas consisting of a mixture of particles carrying various positive multiple integer charges, confined on a unit circle. We consider the system in the canonical and grand canonical ensembles, and attempt to calculate the partition functions analytically, using Toeplitz and confluent Vandermonde determinants. Just like in the simple one-component system (Dyson gas), the partition functions simplify at special temperature {beta} = 2, allowing us to find compact expressions for them.
INTEGRATING SIX-SIGMA AND HEALTHCARE QUALITY IMPROVEMENT CIRCLES IN REDUCING THE NEEDLE STICKING
Sen-Ji Chen; Frank F. C. Pan; Hsuen C. H. Chen
2008-01-01
Six-Sigma (SS) is a managerial philosophy used in detecting the error rate of a particular (set) of activities. This research applies six sigma concepts in dealing with troublesome needle-stick events that occurred in a Taiwan hospital. This research integrates several advanced managerial instruments into one framework, grounded in Continuous Quality Improvement and Total Quality Management. This framework combines Six-Sigma and Health Quality Improvement circle practices. The project suggest...
A topological state sum model for a scalar field on the circle
Kerr, Steven
2016-01-01
This paper is a follow-up to a previous paper on fermions. A simple state sum model for a scalar field on a triangulated 1-manifold is constructed. The model is independent of the triangulation and gives exactly the same partition function as the continuum functional integral with zeta function regularisation. For a certain choice of gauge group, the state sum model on the circle is equivalent to the path integral for the simple harmonic oscillator.
On Linear Combinations of Two Orthogonal Polynomial Sequences on the Unit Circle
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Suárez C
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Let be a monic orthogonal polynomial sequence on the unit circle. We define recursively a new sequence of polynomials by the following linear combination: , , . In this paper, we give necessary and sufficient conditions in order to make be an orthogonal polynomial sequence too. Moreover, we obtain an explicit representation for the Verblunsky coefficients and in terms of and . Finally, we show the relation between their corresponding Carathéodory functions and their associated linear functionals.
Analysis of Laser Diode Pumped Solid-State Laser Resonator by the Transform Circle Approach
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SONG Feng; ZHANG Guang-Yin; XU Jing-Jun; ZHANG Chao-Bo
2000-01-01
The typical laser characteristics of a laser diode pumped solid-state laser with a Z-type resonator structure are analyzed by the transform circle approach. Laser waists change with the thermal focus length of the lasing medium so that the output power becomes unstable. In particular, there is a very unstable operation region when the pump power is of medium magnitude. A method is put forward to avoid this situation.
Aketagawa, M.; Madden, M.; Uesugi, S.; Kumagai, T.; Maeda, Y.; Okuyama, E.
2012-11-01
In the conventional methods to measure radial, axial and angular motions of spindles, complicated artifacts with relative large volume (such as two balls linked with a cylinder) are required. Small volume artifact is favorable from the viewpoint of the accurate and practical measurement of the spindle motion. This paper describes a concurrent measurement of spindle radial, axial and angular motions using concentric circle grating and phase modulation interferometers. In the measurement, the concentric circle grating with fine pitch is installed on top of the spindle of interest. The grating is a reference artifact in the method. Three optical sensors are fixed over the concentric circle grating, and observe the proper positions of the grating. The optical sensor consists of a frequency modulated laser diode as a light source, and two interferometers. One interferometer observes an interference fringe between reflected light form a fixed mirror and 0-th order diffraction light from the grating to measure the axial motion. Another interferometer observes an interference fringe between +/-2nd diffraction lights from the grating to measure the radial motion. Using three optical sensors, three radial displacements and three axial displacements of the proper observed position of the grating can be measured. From these measured displacements, radial, axial and angular motions of the spindle can be calculated concurrently. In the paper, a measurement instrument, a novel fringe interpolation technique by sinusoidal phase modulation and experimental results are discussed.
Design of Circle Array Pattern for Transparent Nanomesh-Type Electrodes.
Shin, Seungsu; Ganorkar, Shraddha; Kim, Jungyoon; Kim, Young-Hwan; Kim, Yong Tae; Kim, Seong-Il
2015-10-01
In this study, we report simulation results for the optical properties of nanomesh-type electrodes for transparent electrode. Usually, indium tin oxide (ITO) is commonly used for transparent conductor to solar cell, display, LED and other electronic modules. However, the cost is high due to the rarity of indium. An alternative way is use of transparent nanomesh-type metal electrode for solar cell. Finite different time domain (FDTD) method was used to simulate and analyze their optical properties. Various array patterns (square, circle and circle hexagonal array) of metal on glass (SiO2) substrates were designed and their properties of transmission and reflection were simulated by using the broad band (λ = 300~1200 nm) plane wave source. To compare basic characteristics of each pattern, various structural parameters such as hole diameter, pitch and metal thickness were applied. The effect of three typical metals, such as Ag, Au, and Al was also compared. In the results, we will discuss about large dip of transmission appeared at the particular wavelength region from the circle array pattern, which is design with pitch of 500 nm at the wavelength range 700 to 800 nm. The surface plasmonpolaritons (SPP) effect can be the cause of large dip and we could find a broad and high transmission from the properly designed in nanomesh-type electrodes, which was calculated as a function of wavelength.
Linear Determination of a Camera's Intrinsic Parameters Using Two Intersecting Circles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xu Chen
2014-03-01
Full Text Available An approach using two intersecting circles is proposed as a linear approach for determining a camera's intrinsic parameters. The two intersecting coplanar circles have four intersection points in the projective plane: two real points and two circular points. In the image plane, the diagonal triangle - on which the image of the four intersection points composes a complete quadrangle - is a self-polar triangle for the projection curves of the circles. The vertex of the self-polar triangle is the null space of the degenerate conic formed by the image of the four intersection points. By solving the three vertices of the self-polar triangle using the image coordinates of the two real intersection points, the degenerate conic can be obtained. The image of the two circular points is then computed from the intersection points of the degenerate conic. Using the image of the circular points from the three images of the same planar pattern with different directions, the intrinsic parameters can be linearly determined.
The Archaeoastronomy of Tomnaverie Recumbent Stone Circle: A Comparison of Methodologies
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Liz Henty
2014-09-01
Full Text Available The way we view the past is constantly modified by new evidence and methodological advances. Archaeological data is gleaned from the ground and archaeoastronomical evidence considers the use of the sky in relation to the archaeological record. Since the beginning of the 20th century the two disciplines of archaeology and archaeoastronomy have flirted with one another but there has never been a satisfactory marriage. This paper looks at the Recumbent Stone Circles (RSCs of north-east Scotland to examine the methodologies, and compare the results, of both disciplines. The RSCs are a distinctive type of stone circle characterised by a large recumbent stone which is flanked on either side by a tall pillar. This recumbent arrangement is almost invariably located in the south-west of the circle. RSCs are generally located near the summits of low hills and enjoy clear horizon views. Over the years they have been the subject of extensive research. This research will be reviewed and Tomnaverie RSC will be singled out as a special case study to examine whether there still needs to be a divide between the disciplines.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Chen; Cheng Shengkui; Chen Yuansheng; Zhang Yingqiu
2006-01-01
Chengde City, famous for its cultural sightseeing tourism industry, and is located in China's "Capital Holiday Tourism Circle". This location is advantageous, because of the recent boom in China's national tourism industry. This industry has gone through several structural and development changes with in the past several years. A result of these restructuring patterns is the great changes concerning competitive and cooperative relations among tourism destinations, which have precipitated the decline of the traditional sightseeing pattern.Northern China's "Capital Holiday Tourism Circle" is one of nine key areas within the Chinese tourism industry under development during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan. In the present article the method of "Distance Decline of The Tourist Flow" was used to define the flow of tourists in the Capital Holiday Tourism Circle and its influence upon Chengde's tourism spatial distribution. 3 aspects will be discussed: (1) The transformation from sightseeing to leisure markets makes the change possible in Chengde's tourism spatial pattern. (2) The location advantage (adjacent to Beijing and Tianjin) also leads to the change in Chengde tourism spatial pattern. (3) The establishment of freeways also contributes to a great degrees of change.The rapid development of leisure tourism might lead to the change from nucleus model to a diversified one within Chengde's tourism. Specifically, Chengde is developing the tourism industry with the central heritage area as the nucleus and the northern forest,pasture,southern mountain, and rivers as its periphery.
White Blood Cell Segmentation by Circle Detection Using Electromagnetism-Like Optimization
Oliva, Diego; Díaz, Margarita; Zaldivar, Daniel; Pérez-Cisneros, Marco; Pajares, Gonzalo
2013-01-01
Medical imaging is a relevant field of application of image processing algorithms. In particular, the analysis of white blood cell (WBC) images has engaged researchers from fields of medicine and computer vision alike. Since WBCs can be approximated by a quasicircular form, a circular detector algorithm may be successfully applied. This paper presents an algorithm for the automatic detection of white blood cells embedded into complicated and cluttered smear images that considers the complete process as a circle detection problem. The approach is based on a nature-inspired technique called the electromagnetism-like optimization (EMO) algorithm which is a heuristic method that follows electromagnetism principles for solving complex optimization problems. The proposed approach uses an objective function which measures the resemblance of a candidate circle to an actual WBC. Guided by the values of such objective function, the set of encoded candidate circles are evolved by using EMO, so that they can fit into the actual blood cells contained in the edge map of the image. Experimental results from blood cell images with a varying range of complexity are included to validate the efficiency of the proposed technique regarding detection, robustness, and stability. PMID:23476713
White Blood Cell Segmentation by Circle Detection Using Electromagnetism-Like Optimization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Erik Cuevas
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Medical imaging is a relevant field of application of image processing algorithms. In particular, the analysis of white blood cell (WBC images has engaged researchers from fields of medicine and computer vision alike. Since WBCs can be approximated by a quasicircular form, a circular detector algorithm may be successfully applied. This paper presents an algorithm for the automatic detection of white blood cells embedded into complicated and cluttered smear images that considers the complete process as a circle detection problem. The approach is based on a nature-inspired technique called the electromagnetism-like optimization (EMO algorithm which is a heuristic method that follows electromagnetism principles for solving complex optimization problems. The proposed approach uses an objective function which measures the resemblance of a candidate circle to an actual WBC. Guided by the values of such objective function, the set of encoded candidate circles are evolved by using EMO, so that they can fit into the actual blood cells contained in the edge map of the image. Experimental results from blood cell images with a varying range of complexity are included to validate the efficiency of the proposed technique regarding detection, robustness, and stability.
Concentric circles based simple optical landing aid for vertical takeoff and landing aircrafts
Murshid, Syed H.; Enaya, Rayan; Lovell, Gregory L.
2014-09-01
Vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircrafts such as helicopters and drones, add a flexible degree of operation to airborne vehicles. In order to operate these devices in low light situations, where it is difficult to determine slope of the landing surface, a lightweight and standalone device is proposed here. This small optical device can be easily integrated into current VTOL systems. An optical projector consisting of low power, light weight, solid state laser along with minimal optics is utilized to illuminate the landing surface with donut shaped circles and coaxial centralized dot. This device can placed anywhere on the aircraft and a properly placed fiber system can be used to illuminate the surface beneath the bottom of the VTOL aircraft in a fashion that during operation, when the aircraft is parallel to the landing surface, the radius between the central dot and outer ring(s) are equidistant for the entire circumference; however, when there the landing surface of the VTOL aircraft is not parallel to the landing strip, the radial distance between two opposite sides of the circle and central dot will be unequal. The larger this distortion, the greater the difference will be between the opposite sides of the circle. Visual confirmation or other optical devices can be used to determine relative alignment of the projector output allowing the pilot to make proper adjustments as they approach the landing surface to ensure safe landings. Simulated and experimental results from a prototype optical projector are presented here.
Planning Curvature-Constrained Paths to Multiple Goals Using Circle Sampling.
Lobaton, Edgar; Zhang, Jinghe; Patil, Sachin; Alterovitz, Ron
2011-01-01
We present a new sampling-based method for planning optimal, collision-free, curvature-constrained paths for nonholonomic robots to visit multiple goals in any order. Rather than sampling configurations as in standard sampling-based planners, we construct a roadmap by sampling circles of constant curvature and then generating feasible transitions between the sampled circles. We provide a closed-form formula for connecting the sampled circles in 2D and generalize the approach to 3D workspaces. We then formulate the multi-goal planning problem as finding a minimum directed Steiner tree over the roadmap. Since optimally solving the multi-goal planning problem requires exponential time, we propose greedy heuristics to efficiently compute a path that visits multiple goals. We apply the planner in the context of medical needle steering where the needle tip must reach multiple goals in soft tissue, a common requirement for clinical procedures such as biopsies, drug delivery, and brachytherapy cancer treatment. We demonstrate that our multi-goal planner significantly decreases tissue that must be cut when compared to sequential execution of single-goal plans.
Bu, Guochao; Wang, Pei
2016-04-01
Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) has been used to extract accurate forest biophysical parameters for inventory purposes. The diameter at breast height (DBH) is a key parameter for individual trees because it has the potential for modeling the height, volume, biomass, and carbon sequestration potential of the tree based on empirical allometric scaling equations. In order to extract the DBH from the single-scan data of TLS automatically and accurately within a certain range, we proposed an adaptive circle-ellipse fitting method based on the point cloud transect. This proposed method can correct the error caused by the simple circle fitting method when a tree is slanted. A slanted tree was detected by the circle-ellipse fitting analysis, then the corresponding slant angle was found based on the ellipse fitting result. With this information, the DBH of the trees could be recalculated based on reslicing the point cloud data at breast height. Artificial stem data simulated by a cylindrical model of leaning trees and the scanning data acquired with the RIEGL VZ-400 were used to test the proposed adaptive fitting method. The results shown that the proposed method can detect the trees and accurately estimate the DBH for leaning trees.
Beard, Ella King
2016-01-01
This study investigates the role of the circle dance in decreasing depressed affect amongst a group of 45 patients with severe mental health illnesses and highlights the most significant aspect of that dance. Patients participated in one of four conditions: a group performing a regular traditional upbeat Irish circle dance holding hands and with a jump step [jump+hands]; a group performing the same dance holding hands with no jump step [hands]; a group performing the same dance without holdin...
"Really," "Not Possible," "I Can't Believe It": Exploring Informational Text in Literature Circles
Barone, Diane; Barone, Rebecca
2016-01-01
Fifth graders' interpretations of nonfiction or informational text were explored. Each literature circle group read and responded to informational text. Discoveries included that students' conversations and written responses were closely connected to text and that students created multimodal responses.
Song, Weiling; Zhang, Qiao; Sun, Wenbo
2015-02-11
An ultrasensitive protocol for fluorescent detection of DNA is designed by combining the template enhanced hybridization process (TEHP) with Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA) and Catalytic Hairpin Assembly (CHA), showing a remarkable amplification efficiency.
Kobayashi's and Teichmüller's Metrics on the Teichmüller Space of Symmetric Circle Homeomorphisms
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jun HU; Yun Ping JIANG; Zhe WANG
2011-01-01
We give a direct proof of a result of Earle, Gardiner and Lakic, that is, Kobayashi's metric and Teichmüller's metric coincide with each other on the Teichmüller space of symmetric circle homeomorphisms.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Morace, Renata Erica; Hansen, Hans Nørgaard; De Chiffre, Leonardo
2005-01-01
This paper deals with the uncertainty estimation of measurements performed on optical coordinate measuring machines (CMMs). Two different methods were used to assess the uncertainty of circle diameter measurements using an optical CMM: the sensitivity analysis developing an uncertainty budget...
Stino, Zandra H.; Palmer, Barbara C.
1998-01-01
Over 18 weeks, nine female offenders worked in a collaborative learning circle with process-based writing (prewriting, drafting, sharing, revising, editing, proofreading, publishing). Most showed a significant increase in self-esteem. (SK)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David A. Becker
2012-11-01
Full Text Available A bilaterally symmetrical convex dodecahedron consisting of twelve quadrilateral faces is derived from the icosahedron via a process akin to Fuller’s Jitterbug Transformation. The unusual zygomorphic dodecahedron so obtained is shown to harbor a bilaterally symmetrical jazz/blues harmonic code on its twelve faces that is related to such fundamental music theoretical constructs as the Circle of Fifths and Euler’s tonnetz. Curiously, the patterning within the aforementioned zygo-dodecahedron is discernibly similar to that observed in a ventral view of the human brain. Moreover, this same pattern is arguably evident during development of the embryonic pharynx. A possible role for the featured zygo-dodecahedron in cephalogenesis is considered. Recent studies concerning type II cadherins, an important class of proteins that promote cell adhesion, have generated data that is demonstrated to conform to this zygo-dodecahedral brain model in a substantially congruous manner.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
Foster care is conducive to giving orphaned children a better life For most children living in orphanages, having a real home is just a pipe dream. Although they may be well looked after, receive a good education and proper nutrition, the love and care that come from being part of a real family just aren't there.
1990-04-09
spread rapidly through many major Japanese firms. In 1962, Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa tied these new quality control methods to the theories of Maslow , Herzberg...should be on people solving problems and not on hierarchical pyramids of paperwork. 21 6. Management must learn how to positively reinforce participative
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Abbas Monfared
2014-11-01
Full Text Available In a globalized era where English keeps the position of an international language, learnt and spoken by lots of people from diverse linguistic, cultural and national backgrounds, there is a need for a new perspective towards English as an international language which can bridge notions and cultures. The appearance of varieties of English is the consequence of the global dissemination of English. Based on a combination of quantitative and qualitative data using a semi-structured questionnaire (see Appendix A administered to 60 Iranian learners from expanding circle and 60 Indian learners from outer circle, this study surveyed the developing picture of EIL pronunciation and evaluation of different varieties of English from the perspective of learners from two circles which include the most users of English in the globalized world. The results of the questionnaires supplemented by interviews with leaners from expanding and outer circles revealed that expanding-circle learners like more to have a native-like identity with their preference towards nativism. The implications on the findings on the spread of native speaker norms and the status of ELF and its reflections in learning and teaching in expanding and outer circle countries are discussed. Keywords: Pronunciation, Intelligibility, English as an International language, Language Awareness, Identity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
John Robert Schmitz
Full Text Available This paper examines the pioneering model of World Englishes formulated by Kachru in the early 1980s that allocates the presence of English into three concentric circles: first of all, the inner circle (Great Britain, the USA where the language functions as an L1 (or native language; secondly, the outer circle (India, Nigeria where the language was forced upon the subjugated people by Britain; thirdly, the expanding circle (China, Brazil where English is studied as a foreign language. Researchers in the area of language studies tend to put too much store in Kachru's model expecting it to expose the different circles: (i the proficiency level of the speakers, (ii the variation that exists in the different dialects of the language, and (iii how the many users appropriate the language to perform their daily routine. Pung (2009 suggests "going beyond" the three circle model with his proposal of a Conical Model of English (CME, while Park and Wee (2009, p.402 state that models have no "magical efficacy in challenging dominant ideologies of English" and that change in the world is not brought about by models but my people. Based on Park and Lee's caution with regard to models, and in lieu of Pung's "going beyond" the well-known Kachruvian model, the thrust of this article is to look specifically under the inner circle, that is, the supposed "native speaker domain". It will be argued in this paper that the circles function as a palimpsest erasing and ignoring what happened in the past linguistically, historically and culturally before the appearance of English in the spaces that the language occupies at the present time in the inner, outer, and expanding circles. An examination of days gone-by, with a focus on Kachru's inner circle, can present a mirror to examine: (i bilingual (multilingual biases, (ii migration of peoples and treatment of immigrants, (iii respect (or lack of for the linguistic and cultural rights of minorities, and (iv the hegemony of
Uniform circular motion concept attainment through circle share learning model using real media
Ponimin; Suparmi; Sarwanto; Sunarno, W.
2017-01-01
Uniform circular motion is an important concept and has many applications in life. Student’s concept understanding of uniform circular motion is not optimal because the teaching learning is not carried out properly in accordance with the characteristics of the concept. To improve student learning outcomes required better teaching learning which is match with the characteristics of uniform circular motion. The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of real media and circle share model to the understanding of the uniform circular motion concept. The real media was used to visualize of uniform circular motion concept. The real media consists of toy car, round table and spring balance. Circle share model is a learning model through discussion sequentially and programmed. Each group must evaluate the worksheets of another group in a circular position. The first group evaluates worksheets the second group, the second group evaluates worksheets third group, and the end group evaluates the worksheets of the first group. Assessment of learning outcomes includes experiment worksheets and post-test of students. Based on data analysis we obtained some findings. First, students can explain the understanding of uniform circular motion whose angular velocity and speed is constant correctly. Second, students can distinguish the angular velocity and linear velocity correctly. Third, students can explain the direction of the linear velocity vector and the direction of the centripetal force vector. Fourth, the student can explain the influence of the mass, radius, and velocity toward the centripetal force. Fifth, students can explain the principle of combined of wheels. Sixth, teaching learning used circle share, can increase student activity, experimental results and efficiency of discussion time.
Two-photon microscopy with double-circle trajectories for in vivo cerebral blood flow measurements
Landolt, Andrin; Obrist, Dominik; Wyss, Matthias; Barrett, Matthew; Langer, Dominik; Jolivet, Renaud; Soltysinski, Tomasz; Roesgen, Thomas; Weber, Bruno
2013-05-01
Scanning microscopes normally use trajectories which produce full-frame images of an object at a low frame rate. Time-resolved measurements are possible if scans along a single line are repeated at a high rate. In conjunction with fluorescence labeling techniques, in vivo recording of blood flow in single capillaries is possible. The present work investigates scanning with double-circle trajectories to measure blood flow simultaneously in several vessels of a capillary network. With the trajectory centered near a bifurcation, a double circle crosses each vessel twice, creating a sensing gate for passing dark red blood cells in fluorescently labeled plasma. From the stack of scans repeated at 1,300 Hz, the time-resolved velocity is retrieved using an image correlation approach. Single bifurcation events can be identified from a few fluorescently labeled red blood cells. The applicability of the method for in vivo measurements is illustrated on the basis of two-photon laser scanning microscopy of the cerebral capillary network of mice. Its performance is assessed with synthetic data generated from a two-phase model for the perfusion in a capillary network. The calculation of velocities is found to be sufficiently robust for a wide range of conditions. The achievable limits depend significantly on the experimental conditions and are estimated to be in the 1 μm/s (velocity) and 0.1 s (time resolution) ranges, respectively. Some manual fine-tuning is required for optimal performance in terms of accuracy and time resolution. Further work may lead to improved reliability with which bifurcation events are identified in the algorithm and to include red blood cell flux and hematocrit measurements. With the capability for time-resolved measurements in all vessels of a bifurcation, double-circle scanning trajectories allow a detailed study of the dynamics in vascular networks.
Local Circles in a Circular Economy – the Case of Smartphone Repair in Denmark
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Henrik Riisgaard
2016-02-01
Full Text Available Abstract Circular economy has gained increasing attention the last decade, and more often the main focus is on the large global circles addressing recycling of materials rather than the “inner circles” that address maintenance/repair and reuse. In this article we investigate one such inner circle ofthe circular economy namely repair of smartphones which extends the lifetime of products and adds to a local economy. Local repair of smartphones has increased in the resent years in Denmark. These loop-closing businesses not only extend the useful lifetime of smartphones; they also entail both environmental benefits and economic value creation. We map the extent ofthe repair sector and investigate the drivers and barriers for its emergence. The study builds on desk studies for identification of repair companiesand telephone interviews with 33 out of 90 identified companies. The mapping of the businessesshows that the repair of smartphones constitute viable business opportunities, and that the main driversarerelated to the economic business potentials as well as motivated entrepreneurs who spot a market potential.The study concludes that the local circular economy within smartphone repair is due to large consumer willingness-to-pay for repair and maintenance services, and this can extend the lifetime of the smartphones. There are some special characteristics that limit the possibility to apply the results directly to other product groups, but further analysis of how to facilitate repair shops within other product groups are interesting in order to facilitate the development of local circles in a circular economy not only in Denmark but also in other countries. Keywords: Circular economy; Smartphone;Repair; Remanufacturing.
An innovative integrated oxidation ditch with vertical circle(IODVC) for wastewater treatment
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XIA Shi-bin; LIU Jun-xin
2004-01-01
The oxidation ditch process is economic and efficient for wastewater treatment, but its application is limited in case where land is costly due to its large land area required. An innovative integrated oxidation ditch with vertical circle(IODVC) system was developed to treat domestic and industrial wastewater aiming to save land area. The new system consists of a single-channel divided into two ditches(the top one and the bottom one by a plate), a Kesner type brush, and an innovative integral clarifier. Different from the horizontal circle of the conventional oxidation ditch, the flow of IODVC system recycles from the top zone to the bottom zone in the vertical circle as the brush is running, and then the IODVC saved land area required by about 50% compared with a conventional oxidation ditch with an intrachannel clarifier. The innovative integral clarifier is effective for separation of liquid and solids, and is preferably positioned at the opposite end of the brush in the ditch. It does not affect the hydrodynamic characteristics of the mixed liquor in the ditch, and the sludge can automatically return to the down ditch without any pump. In this study, experiments of domestic and dye wastewater treatment were carried out in bench scale and in full scale, respectively. Results clearly showed that the IODVC efficiently removed pollutants in the wastewaters, i.e., the average of COD removals for domestic and dye wastewater treatment were 95% and 90%, respectively, and that the IODVC process may provide a cost effective way for full scale dye wastewater treatment.
High accuracy genotyping directly from genomic DNA using a rolling circle amplification based assay
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Du Yuefen
2003-05-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Rolling circle amplification of ligated probes is a simple and sensitive means for genotyping directly from genomic DNA. SNPs and mutations are interrogated with open circle probes (OCP that can be circularized by DNA ligase when the probe matches the genotype. An amplified detection signal is generated by exponential rolling circle amplification (ERCA of the circularized probe. The low cost and scalability of ligation/ERCA genotyping makes it ideally suited for automated, high throughput methods. Results A retrospective study using human genomic DNA samples of known genotype was performed for four different clinically relevant mutations: Factor V Leiden, Factor II prothrombin, and two hemochromatosis mutations, C282Y and H63D. Greater than 99% accuracy was obtained genotyping genomic DNA samples from hundreds of different individuals. The combined process of ligation/ERCA was performed in a single tube and produced fluorescent signal directly from genomic DNA in less than an hour. In each assay, the probes for both normal and mutant alleles were combined in a single reaction. Multiple ERCA primers combined with a quenched-peptide nucleic acid (Q-PNA fluorescent detection system greatly accellerated the appearance of signal. Probes designed with hairpin structures reduced misamplification. Genotyping accuracy was identical from either purified genomic DNA or genomic DNA generated using whole genome amplification (WGA. Fluorescent signal output was measured in real time and as an end point. Conclusions Combining the optimal elements for ligation/ERCA genotyping has resulted in a highly accurate single tube assay for genotyping directly from genomic DNA samples. Accuracy exceeded 99 % for four probe sets targeting clinically relevant mutations. No genotypes were called incorrectly using either genomic DNA or whole genome amplified sample.
Assunção, Matthias Röhrig
2014-01-01
The emergence of the modern styles of capoeira should be considered in the global context of the modernization of martial arts currently in progress in Europe and Asia on the one hand, and the new phase of Afro-descendant modernity on the other. The confrontation between the capoeira, jiu-jitsu and other martial arts circles led mestre Bimba to develop his regional Bahian fighting style. The revival of traditional capoeira as Angolan capoeira led by mestre Pastinha is part of the broader movement of affirmation of Afro-Bahian culture in Salvador and the growing visibility of the Afro-descendant body in the Atlantic world.
Probabilistic signatures of spatiotemporal intermittency in the coupled sine circle map lattice
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Zahera Jabeen; Neelima Gupta
2008-06-01
The phase diagram of the coupled sine circle map system exhibits a variety of interesting phenomena including spreading regions with spatiotemporal intermittency, non-spreading regions with spatial intermittency, and coherent structures termed solitons. A spreading to non-spreading transition is seen in the system. A cellular automaton version of the coupled system maps the spreading to non-spreading transition to a transition from a probabilistic to a deterministic cellular automaton. The solitonic sector of the system shows spatiotemporal intermittency with soliton creation, propagation and absorption. A probabilistic cellular automaton mapping is set up for this sector which can identify each one of these phenomena.
LONG-TIME ASYMPTOTIC FOR THE DAMPED BOUSSINESQ EQUATION IN A CIRCLE
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Yi; Lin Qun; Lai Shaoyong
2005-01-01
The first initial-boundary value problem for the following equation utt - a△utt - 2b△ut = α△3u - β△2u + △u + γ△(u2) in a unit circle is considered. The existence of strong solution is established in the space Co([0, ∞), HST(0, 1)), s ＜ 7/2, and the solutions are constructed in the form of series in the small parameter present in the initial conditions. For 5/2 ＜ s ＜ 7/2, the uniqueness is proved. The long-time asymptotics is obtained in the explicit form.
Aircraft Detection from VHR Images Based on Circle-Frequency Filter and Multilevel Features
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Feng Gao
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Aircraft automatic detection from very high-resolution (VHR images plays an important role in a wide variety of applications. This paper proposes a novel detector for aircraft detection from very high-resolution (VHR remote sensing images. To accurately distinguish aircrafts from background, a circle-frequency filter (CF-filter is used to extract the candidate locations of aircrafts from a large size image. A multi-level feature model is then employed to represent both local appearance and spatial layout of aircrafts by means of Robust Hue Descriptor and Histogram of Oriented Gradients. The experimental results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed method.
ABSOLUTE STABILIZATION RELATED TO CIRCLE CRITERION: AN LMI-BASED APPROACH
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨莹; 黄琳
2003-01-01
A method is proposed for synthesizing output feedback controllers for nonlinear Lur' e systems. The problem of designing an output dynamic controller for uncertain-free systems and systems subject to multiplicative norm-bounded perturbations in the linear part were proposed respectively. The procedure is based on the use of the absolute stability,through the circle criterion, and a linear matrix inequalities (LMI) formulation. The controller existence conditions are given in terms of existence of suitable solutions to a set of parameter- dependent LMIs.
Aircraft Detection from VHR Images Based on Circle-Frequency Filter and Multilevel Features
Gao, Feng; Li, Bo
2013-01-01
Aircraft automatic detection from very high-resolution (VHR) images plays an important role in a wide variety of applications. This paper proposes a novel detector for aircraft detection from very high-resolution (VHR) remote sensing images. To accurately distinguish aircrafts from background, a circle-frequency filter (CF-filter) is used to extract the candidate locations of aircrafts from a large size image. A multi-level feature model is then employed to represent both local appearance and spatial layout of aircrafts by means of Robust Hue Descriptor and Histogram of Oriented Gradients. The experimental results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed method. PMID:24163637
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jenny Göransson
Full Text Available Detection and identification of pathogens in environmental samples for biosecurity applications are challenging due to the strict requirements on specificity, sensitivity and time. We have developed a concept for quick, specific and sensitive pathogen identification in environmental samples. Target identification is realized by padlock- and proximity probing, and reacted probes are amplified by RCA (rolling-circle amplification. The individual RCA products are labeled by fluorescence and enumerated by an instrument, developed for sensitive and rapid digital analysis. The concept is demonstrated by identification of simili biowarfare agents for bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pantoea agglomerans and spores (Bacillus atrophaeus released in field.
Lebetus scorpioides and Buenia jeffreysii (Teleostei: Gobiidae found north of the Arctic Circle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ingvar Byrkjedal
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Two gobiid species, Lebetus scorpioides and Buenia jeffreysii, were recorded in northern Norway, for the first time north of the Arctic Circle. While both species were found on the continental shelf west of the Lofoten islands, one of them, L. scorpioides, was found north of 70°N off western Finnmark. The records represent a considerable northward extension of the distribution of these species. Being well within the size of reproductive individuals, the specimens appear to belong to resident populations most probably missed by earlier samplings.
Kaiser, W; Völker, A
1986-11-15
From the view of regional history for the Anhaltine territory several medical and natural scientists are to be mentioned whom a remarkable role can be ascribed in the Weimarian circle round Goethe. The Bernburg physician and pharmaceutist Bucholz became there for many years his consultee for questions of natural sciences; Gren, who also came from Bernburg, became the antipode in the dispute about problems of optics. Goethe visited Gilbert, who was educated in Dessau, in his laboratory in Halle. In old age the poet was supported as physician and friend by Carl Vogel, born in Dessau, who described Goethe's last disease.
[From Comte to Carnap. Marcel Boll and the introduction of the Vienna Circle in France].
Schöttler, Peter
2015-01-01
The issue of the introduction of viennese "scientific philosophy" in France appears to be resolved. However, the rediscovery of the positivist physicist Marcel Boll (1886-1971), who was the first-well before Louis Rougier-to draw the French public's attention to the works of Schlick, Frank, and Carnap, obliges us to rethink the passage from traditional positivism to neo-positivism during the 1920s and 1930s. The French reception of the Vienna circle can be dated earlier than accepted and is more profound than usualy assumed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bernard-Champmartin Aude
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In a prior work [CEMRACS10], a curvilinear bi-dimensional finite volume extension of Lagrangian centered schemes GLACE [GLACE] on unstructured cells, whose edges are parameterized by rational quadratic Bézier curves was proposed and we showed numerical results for this scheme. Now, we extend the EUCCLHYD scheme [EUCCLHYD] to these cells. To simulate flows with evolving large deformations, we write a formalism allowing the time evolution of the conic parameter. As an example, this allows an edge changing from an ellipse segment to a hyperbolic one. In this framework, we consider the case of a mesh whose edges are circle segments with non fixed centers. We show that this formalism extends also the previous work [GLACE CIRCLE] (which is equivalent to [CEMRACS10] when conic edges are all circles. This is a necessary first step toward general conical deformation. Dans un travail précédent [CEMRACS10], une extension volume fini bi-dimensionnelle curviligne du schéma Lagrangien centré GLACE [GLACE] sur des cellules non structurées dont les bords sont paramétrés par des courbes de Bézier quadratiques rationnelles a été proposée. Maintenant, nous proposons une extension du schéma EUCCLHYD [EUCCLHYD] à ce type de cellules et pour lequel nous montrons quelques résultats numériques. Pour pouvoir suivre un écoulement subissant de grandes variations de forme, nous écrivons un formalisme qui permet l’évolution en temps du paramètre de chaque conique. Ainsi, un bord de maille peut d’un segment d’ellipse devenir en cours de calcul un segment d’hyperbole. Dans ce cadre, nous considérons le cas particulier d’un maillage dont les bords de cellules sont des arcs de cercle avec des centres non fixes. Nous montrons que ce formalisme constitue également une extension directe d’un travail précédent [GLACE CIRCLE] (qui équivaut à [CEMRACS10] dans le cas où les bords coniques sont tous des cercles. Ce résultat constitue une
NanoCluster Beacons as reporter probes in rolling circle enhanced enzyme activity detection
Juul, Sissel; Obliosca, Judy M.; Liu, Cong; Liu, Yen-Liang; Chen, Yu-An; Imphean, Darren M.; Knudsen, Birgitta R.; Ho, Yi-Ping; Leong, Kam W.; Yeh, Hsin-Chih
2015-04-01
As a newly developed assay for the detection of endogenous enzyme activity at the single-catalytic-event level, Rolling Circle Enhanced Enzyme Activity Detection (REEAD) has been used to measure enzyme activity in both single human cells and malaria-causing parasites, Plasmodium sp. Current REEAD assays rely on organic dye-tagged linear DNA probes to report the rolling circle amplification products (RCPs), the cost of which may hinder the widespread use of REEAD. Here we show that a new class of activatable probes, NanoCluster Beacons (NCBs), can simplify the REEAD assays. Easily prepared without any need for purification and capable of large fluorescence enhancement upon hybridization, NCBs are cost-effective and sensitive. Compared to conventional fluorescent probes, NCBs are also more photostable. As demonstrated in reporting the human topoisomerases I (hTopI) cleavage-ligation reaction, the proposed NCBs suggest a read-out format attractive for future REEAD-based diagnostics.As a newly developed assay for the detection of endogenous enzyme activity at the single-catalytic-event level, Rolling Circle Enhanced Enzyme Activity Detection (REEAD) has been used to measure enzyme activity in both single human cells and malaria-causing parasites, Plasmodium sp. Current REEAD assays rely on organic dye-tagged linear DNA probes to report the rolling circle amplification products (RCPs), the cost of which may hinder the widespread use of REEAD. Here we show that a new class of activatable probes, NanoCluster Beacons (NCBs), can simplify the REEAD assays. Easily prepared without any need for purification and capable of large fluorescence enhancement upon hybridization, NCBs are cost-effective and sensitive. Compared to conventional fluorescent probes, NCBs are also more photostable. As demonstrated in reporting the human topoisomerases I (hTopI) cleavage-ligation reaction, the proposed NCBs suggest a read-out format attractive for future REEAD-based diagnostics. Electronic
PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN PERISTIWA ALAM DENGAN MODEL COOPERATIVE LEARNING TIPE INSIDE OUTSIDE CIRCLE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Diah Sunarsih
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran IPA dengan model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe inside outside circle untuk dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kognitif dan menumbuhkan kemampuan komunikasi ilmiah siswa yang valid materi peristiwa alam. Uji coba skala terbatas dilakukan di SDN 02 Ambowetan. Uji coba skala luas kelas eksperimen SDN 01 Ambowetan VA, sedangkan kelas kontrol SDN 01 Ambowetan VB. Desain uji coba penelitian ini nonequivalent control group design. Prosedur pengembangan dan penelitian dikembangkan mengacu model pengembangan Dick dan Carry terdiri 4 tahap yaitu define, design, develop, dan disseminate. Hasil penelitian diperoleh pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran menerapkan model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe inside outside circle berupa silabus, RPP, bahan ajar, lembar tes formatif, lembar observasi kemampuan komunikasi ilmiah, dan angket respon siswa valid, efektif, dan praktis diterapkan dalam pembelajaran IPA kelas V sekolah dasar materi peristiwa alam. Perangkat pembelajaran valid dengan nilai skor validitas akhir 3,43. Perangkat pembelajaran efektif terlihat peningkatan hasil uji N-gain menunjukkan hasil 0,50 pada klasifikasi tingkat sedang dan prosentase kemampuan ilmiah kelas eksperimen hasil sebesar 82%. Kriteria praktis dari nilai angket menunjukkan respon siswa kelas eksperimen lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelas kontrol (73% > 67 %.Purpose of this study is produce device the learning cooperative learning type inside outside circle to improve cognitive ability students and foster communication skills scientific a valid on material natural events. Trials limited scale in the SDN 02 Ambowetan. Trials wide scale for experimental class in the SDN 01 Ambowetan 5A, while the control class SDN 01 Ambowetan 5B. Design wide scale nonequivalent control group design. Procedures the development and developed research Dick and Carry consisting of 4 stage define, design, develop, and disseminate
Rigid motions: action-angles, relative cohomology and polynomials with roots on the unit circle
Francoise, Jean Pierre; Gallavotti, Giovanni
2012-01-01
Revisiting canonical integration of the classical solid near a uniform rotation, canonical action angle coordinates, hyperbolic and elliptic, are constructed in terms of various power series with coefficients which are polynomials in a variable $r^2$ depending on the inertia moments. Normal forms are derived via the analysis of a relative cohomology problem and shown to be obtainable without the use of ellitptic integrals (unlike the derivation of the action-angles). Results and conjectures also emerge about the properties of the above polynomials and the location of their roots. In particular a class of polynomials with all roots on the unit circle arises.
A small 50 K cooling device for a quarter-circle Eulerian cradle diffractometer
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zobel, D.; Luger, P. (Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Kristallographie)
1990-06-01
A one-stage He refrigerator (Displex CS1003) has been modified and installed on a quarter-circle Eulerian cradle of 250 mm diameter (AED Siemens) and has been operated down to 50 K. The mechanical interface, which can easily be mounted, is described as well as some alignment problems. The device is suitable for any Eulerian cradle 250 mm or larger. Structure redeterminations of two organic compounds were carried out at 52 K. R values of 2.2 and 3.6% were obtained and proved the quality of this set up. (orig.).
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
冉净斐
2012-01-01
商圈对于城市发展具有重要的功能和作用。文章分析了区域性中心城市必须拥有自己商圈的原因,回答了对商圈建设的种种疑问,研究了商圈建设必须统筹考虑商圈规模、建筑风格和业态布局等因素,提出了通过统一思想、科学规划、审慎拆迁、招商引资、资金投入等措施来建设商圈。%Business circle has important function and role on expanding city.This paper analyzes the Jiangjin must have their own core business circle,answering to the questions whether the business circle construction,Must consider as a whole circle scale,architectural style and industry structure and other factors.The paper puts forward through the unified thought,scientific planning,prudent demolition,capital attraction and capital investment to the construction of business circle.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lovemore Togarasei
2016-07-01
Full Text Available The entry of women into religious and theological studies has revolutionised the modus operandi of these disciplines. Especially with the formation of the Circle of Concerned Women Theologians, the study of these disciplines has never been the same. In this article, an attempt is made to consider the legacy of women theologians in the area of biblical interpretation. Specifically, the article looks at how members of the Circle have interpreted the Bible in their quest for a theology that responds to African women�s experiences. The article discusses Circle biblical scholars� methods of interpreting the Bible, what they have managed to achieve, as well as pointing out areas that still call for attention. It concludes that Circle biblical scholars, like all African Biblical Interpretation, are engaged scholars who serve both the need for intellectual growth as well as solving the pressing needs of their societies.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article primarily focuses on how members of the Circle of Concerned Women Theologians have interpreted the Bible in their quest for justice. It therefore engages several disciplines: biblical interpretation, theology, gender, politics, health, and so on.Keywords: African Biblical interpretation; Women theologians; Bible; legacy;engaged Biblical Scholarship
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Na LI
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Objective: To explore the application of quality control circle in raising compliance of the head of a bed in neurosurgery ICU nurses. Methods: The quality control circle was made up of 4 ICU nurses, determine the subject in order to improve the neurosurgery ICU nurses in raising compliance of the head of a bed, according to the QCC activity steps to formulate plans, including grasp the current situation, goal setting, through analysis, circle members develop strategy and plan implementation and review, finally compared the situation before and after neurosurgery ICU nurses raised bed activities compliance. Results: After implementation of QCC, neurosurgery ICU nurses raised bed to 30 ~ 45 degrees. After activities, circle members in the team cooperation ability, cohesion, to accept new things ability, and innovative thinking ability and to raise the understanding of the relevant knowledge of the head of a bed has improved significantly. Conclusion: The application of quality management circle activity improves the neurosurgery ICU nurses effectively raise the compliance of the head of a bed, improve the comprehensive quality of the clinical nurses.
Experimental evidence for the occurrence of E8 in nature and the radii of the Gosset circles
Kostant, Bertram
2010-01-01
A recent experimental discovery involving the spin structure of electrons in a cold one-dimensional magnet points to a validation of a Zamolodchikov model involving the exceptional Lie group $E_8$. The model predicts 8 particles and predicts the ratio of their masses. I.e., the vertices of the 8-dimensional Gosset polytope identifies with the 240 roots of $E_8$. Under the 2-D (Peter McMullen) projection of the polytope, the image of the vertices are arranged in 8 concentric circles, here referred to as the Gosset circles. The Gosset circles are understood to correspond to the 8 masses in the model, and it is understood that the ratio of their radii is the same as the ratio of the corres-ponding conjectural masses. A ratio of the two smallest circles (read 2 smallest masses) is the golden number. The conjectures have been now validated experimentally, at least for the first five masses. The McMullen projection generalizes to any complex simple Lie algebra whose rank is greater than 1. The Gosset circles also g...
Detection of HIV cDNA point mutations with rolling-circle amplification arrays.
Wu, Lingwei; Liu, Quanjun; Wu, Zhongwei; Lu, Zuhong
2010-01-27
In this paper we describe an isothermal rolling-circle amplification (RCA) protocol to detect gene point mutations on chips. The method is based on an allele-specific oligonucleotide circularization mediated by a special DNA ligase. The probe is circularized when perfect complementary sequences between the probe oligonucleotide and HIV cDNA gene. Mismatches around the ligation site can prevent probe circularization. The circularized probe (C-probe) can be amplified by rolling circle amplification to generate multimeric singlestranded DNA (ssDNA) under isothermal conditions. There are four sequence regions to bind respectively with fluorescent probe, RCA primer, solid probe and HIV cDNA template in the C-probe which we designed. These ssDNA products are hybridized with fluorescent probes and solid probes which are immobilized on a glass slide composing a regular microarray pattern. The fluorescence signals can be monitored by a scanner in the presence of HIV cDNA templates, whereas the probes cannot be circularized and signal of fluorescence cannot be found. The RCA array has capability of high-throughput detection of the point mutation and the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP).The development of C-probe-based technologies offers a promising prospect for situ detection, microarray, molecular diagnosis, single nucleotide polymorphism, and whole genome amplification.
Walt Disney World`s utility efficiency awards and environmental circles of excellence
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Allen, P.J.; Kivler, W.B.
1996-05-01
This paper describes an innovative approach to energy conservation that has been started at WALT DISNEY WORLD. The program that was established was designed to heighten the awareness of energy usage in our Management and Cast Members, establish a method for recognizing and rewarding positive energy conservation efforts and, most importantly, keeping the effort simple and fun. Two programs work together to meet this goal: Utility Efficiency Awards and the Environmental Circles of Excellence. The Utility Efficiency Awards are given to the top areas that have demonstrated a reduction in utility consumption relative to the same period in prior years. More importantly, a report is generated that shows a best-to-worst ranking. Relying on the idea that {open_quotes}nobody wants to be on the bottom of the list{close_quotes}, conservation is enhanced by focusing attention on improving efficiency. To encourage direct cast member involvement in our environmental program, the Environmental Circles of Excellence were created. These groups, made up of hourly and salaried cast members, discuss their location`s environmental commitments, set goals and implement programs. This paper describes these initiatives in detail and presents some initial results that have heightened the awareness of energy conservation at WALT DISNEY WORLD.
High-throughput genotyping of single nucleotide polymorphisms with rolling circle amplification
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sun Zhenyu
2001-08-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs are the foundation of powerful complex trait and pharmacogenomic analyses. The availability of large SNP databases, however, has emphasized a need for inexpensive SNP genotyping methods of commensurate simplicity, robustness, and scalability. We describe a solution-based, microtiter plate method for SNP genotyping of human genomic DNA. The method is based upon allele discrimination by ligation of open circle probes followed by rolling circle amplification of the signal using fluorescent primers. Only the probe with a 3' base complementary to the SNP is circularized by ligation. Results SNP scoring by ligation was optimized to a 100,000 fold discrimination against probe mismatched to the SNP. The assay was used to genotype 10 SNPs from a set of 192 genomic DNA samples in a high-throughput format. Assay directly from genomic DNA eliminates the need to preamplify the target as done for many other genotyping methods. The sensitivity of the assay was demonstrated by genotyping from 1 ng of genomic DNA. We demonstrate that the assay can detect a single molecule of the circularized probe. Conclusions Compatibility with homogeneous formats and the ability to assay small amounts of genomic DNA meets the exacting requirements of automated, high-throughput SNP scoring.
He, Xingdong; Gao, Yubao; Zhao, Wenzhi; Cong, Zili
2004-09-01
Investigation results in the present study showed that plant communities took typical concentric circles distribution patterns along habitat gradient from top, slope to interdune on a few large fixed dunes in middle part of Korqin Sandy Land. In order to explain this phenomenon, analysis of water content and its spatial heterogeneity in sand layers on different locations of dunes was conducted. In these dunes, water contents in sand layers of the tops were lower than those of the slopes; both of them were lower than those of the interdunes. According to the results of geostatistics analysis, whether shifting dune or fixed dune, spatial heterogeneity of water contents in sand layers took on regular changes, such as ratios between nugget and sill and ranges reduced gradually, fractal dimension increased gradually, the regular changes of these parameters indicated that random spatial heterogeneity reduced gradually, and autocorrelation spatial heterogeneity increased gradually from the top, the slope to the interdune. The regular changes of water contents in sand layers and their spatial heterogeneity of different locations of the dunes, thus, might be an important cause resulted in the formation of the concentric circles patterns of the plant communities on these fixed dunes.
Problems of optimal transportation on the circle and their mechanical applications
Plakhov, Alexander; Tchemisova, Tatiana
2017-02-01
We consider a mechanical problem concerning a 2D axisymmetric body moving forward on the plane and making slow turns of fixed magnitude about its axis of symmetry. The body moves through a medium of non-interacting particles at rest, and collisions of particles with the body's boundary are perfectly elastic (billiard-like). The body has a blunt nose: a line segment orthogonal to the symmetry axis. It is required to make small cavities with special shape on the nose so as to minimize its aerodynamic resistance. This problem of optimizing the shape of the cavities amounts to a special case of the optimal mass transportation problem on the circle with the transportation cost being the squared Euclidean distance. We find the explicit solution for this problem when the amplitude of rotation is smaller than a fixed critical value, and give a numerical solution otherwise. As a by-product, we get explicit description of the solution for a class of optimal transportation problems on the circle.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Chen; Cheng Shengkui; Chen Yuansheng; Xu Zengrang
2006-01-01
Holiday Tourism Circle of Beijing (HTCB) is one of the nine key regions of Chinese tourism industry in the period of the 11th Five-Year Project. According to Tourist Marginal Utility Theory, Time-Distance Method is used to define HTCB in this paper. Chengde City, famous for its cultural tourism, is regard as one of the regions in Holiday Tourism Circle of Beijing. And this geographical advantage, in the context of the boom of tourism in China, is featured by the changes of tourist product structure and development model. In this paper, the influence upon Chengde tourism spatial structure has been discussed from tourist market, location and transportation. Chengde tourism spatial structure has been rebuilt with particular references to the factors of tourism destination district, tourist area, nodes, routes, and origin markets. In this paper, Chengde will develop tourism industry with the central heritage area as the center and northern forest and pasture area and southern mountain and lake area as the two wings.
Radii of the E8 Gosset Circles as the Mass Excitations in the Ising Model
Koca, Mehmet
2012-01-01
The Zamolodchikov's conjecture implying the exceptional Lie group E8 seems to be validated by an experiment on the quantum phase transitions of the 1D Ising model carried out by the Coldea et. al. The E8 model which follows from the affine Toda field theory predicts 8 bound states with the mass relations in the increasing order m1, m2= tau m1, m3, m4, m5, m6=tau m3, m7= tau m4, m8= tau m5, where tau= (1+\\sqrt(5))/2 represents the golden ratio. Above relations follow from the fact that the Coxeter group W(H4) is a maximal subgroup of the Coxeter-Weyl group W(E8). These masses turn out to be proportional to the radii of the Gosset's circles on the Coxeter plane obtained by an orthogonal projection of the root system of E8 . We also note that the masses m1, m3, m4 and m5 correspond to the radii of the circles obtained by projecting the vertices of the 600-cell, a 4D polytope of the non-crystallographic Coxeter group W(H4). A special non-orthogonal projection of the simple roots on the Coxeter plane leads to exac...
A CLIQUE algorithm using DNA computing techniques based on closed-circle DNA sequences.
Zhang, Hongyan; Liu, Xiyu
2011-07-01
DNA computing has been applied in broad fields such as graph theory, finite state problems, and combinatorial problem. DNA computing approaches are more suitable used to solve many combinatorial problems because of the vast parallelism and high-density storage. The CLIQUE algorithm is one of the gird-based clustering techniques for spatial data. It is the combinatorial problem of the density cells. Therefore we utilize DNA computing using the closed-circle DNA sequences to execute the CLIQUE algorithm for the two-dimensional data. In our study, the process of clustering becomes a parallel bio-chemical reaction and the DNA sequences representing the marked cells can be combined to form a closed-circle DNA sequences. This strategy is a new application of DNA computing. Although the strategy is only for the two-dimensional data, it provides a new idea to consider the grids to be vertexes in a graph and transform the search problem into a combinatorial problem.
Detection of HIV cDNA Point Mutations with Rolling-Circle Amplification Arrays
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhongwei Wu
2010-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper we describe an isothermal rolling-circle amplification (RCA protocol to detect gene point mutations on chips. The method is based on an allele-specific oligonucleotide circularization mediated by a special DNA ligase. The probe is circularized when perfect complementary sequences between the probe oligonucleotide and HIV cDNA gene. Mismatches around the ligation site can prevent probe circularization. The circularized probe (C-probe can be amplified by rolling circle amplification to generate multimeric singlestranded DNA (ssDNA under isothermal conditions. There are four sequence regions to bind respectively with fluorescent probe, RCA primer, solid probe and HIV cDNA template in the C-probe which we designed. These ssDNA products are hybridized with fluorescent probes and solid probes which are immobilized on a glass slide composing a regular microarray pattern. The fluorescence signals can be monitored by a scanner in the presence of HIV cDNA templates, whereas the probes cannot be circularized and signal of fluorescence cannot be found. The RCA array has capability of high-throughput detection of the point mutation and the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP.The development of C-probe-based technologies offers a promising prospect for situ detection, microarray, molecular diagnosis, single nucleotide polymorphism, and whole genome amplification.
Effect of Row Circle Method and Variety of Hybrid Corn on Yield of Corn (Zea mays L
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Use Etica
2016-06-01
Full Text Available Corn yield improved by genetic improving, plant population and fertilizer. The experiment aims to knowing the effect off row circle planting method and hybrid corn variety toward population and yield of corn. The experiment was conducted on August- November 2015 in Siman, Ponorogo, altitude 140 amsl and textured clay grumosol soil types. The experiment was a factorial experiment in a complete block randomized design with two factor and three replications. The first factor was hybrid corn varieties (Bisi-18, NK-7328, Pertiwi-3, and Pioneer-27. The second factor was row circle planting method (single manner with interval planting of 60x40x20 cm; row circle planting method with interval planting of 60x100 cm and 100x50x50 cm. The result showed not significantly interaction between row circle planting method and hybrid corn varieties with respect to population total and corn yield. Row circle planting method with interval planting 100x50x50 cm increased plant population about 164.413 plants/ha and significantly different with single manner with interval planting of 60x40x20 cm (62,881 plants/ha and row circle planting method with interval planting 60x100 cm (136,774 plants/ha. Hybrid corn varieties was not significantly increased plant population. Pioneer-27 variety of hybrid corn produced weight of wet corn logs by 17,22 ton/Ha and significantly different with Bisi-18, NK-7328 and Pertiwi-3. Hybrid corn varieties was not significantly affects to increasing produce of dry corn kernels. Variety of Pioneer-27 produced dry corn kernels 7,28 ton/ha and was not significantly different with varieties of Bisi-18, NK-7328, and Pertiwi-3. Variety of NK-7328 had percentage weight of wet corn logs into dry corn kernels as big as 55,38% bigger than varieties of Bisi-18, Pertiwi-3 and Pioneer-27.
Ishiguro, Akio; Inagaki, Masumi; Kaga, Makiko
2007-07-01
Bronx Waltzer (bv) mouse, which has been used as a model of hearing and vestibular dysfunction, shows remarkable repetitive circling behavior. This study investigated whether the behavior is caused by the asymmetry of striatal function by observing the behavior of the bv mice following microinjection of dopamine D1 agonist, A68930 into the striatum ipsilaterally and contralaterally to the preferred direction of rotation separately. High dose of the drug induced opposite effects on ipsilateral rotations by the side of injections with statistical significance (p = .0026). These results suggested that the stereotypic circling behavior involves striatum and is based on striatal asymmetry.
Measurement of the neutron intensity data using the HANARO four circle diffractometer
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, Jin Ho; Lee, Chang Hee; Seong, Baek Seok; Lee, Jeong Soo; Shim, Hae Seop; Hong, Kwang Pyo; Song, Su Ho; Suh, Il Hwan
1999-04-01
As the four circle diffractometer(FCD) has been set up in HANARO, it has become possible to study single crystal structures by means of the neutron diffraction. By introducing the constitution and characteristics of FCD, it has been shown that the feature of neutron diffraction experiment are different from that of X-ray or electronic beam. Besides we have explained the processes of determining experimental information in order to acquire intensity data and constructed the experimental system based on geometry of the FCD. As the computer programme performing all experimental processes automatically has been installed and the accuracy of experimental processes were confirmed by KCl single crystal experiment, the original experimental system for single crystal experiments and analyses by the neutron diffraction method using FCD has been established. (Author). 12 refs., 2 tabs., 11 figs.
PhD students at Science & Technology exploring student learning in a collaborative video-circle
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Birgitte Lund; Hougaard, Rikke F.
A teaching course for PhD students at Science & Technology, Aarhus University, working as Teaching Assistants (TAs) has been iteratively developed to have two consecutive modules. Role-plays at course days and a "teaching in practice" assignment between modules have indicated that the TAs struggle...... to facilitate students' exploratory talk in small class teaching, lab exercises etc. A potential third module organized as a video-circle with collaborative analysis of the TAs teaching based on observation and video has therefore been tested. The TAs reflections and their enactments in own teaching have been...... of seeing peers teach and getting feedback from professionals. In addition they appreciated the equal atmosphere in the group. there are indications that the TAs focused on student learning by consciously supporting students' exploratory talk in their new enactments. Parts of the TAs reflections...
Stability analysis of the simplest Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy control system using circle criterion
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Lu Hongqian; Huang Xianlin; Gao X. Z; Ban Xiaojun; Yin Hang
2007-01-01
A frequency-domain-based sufficient condition is derived to guarantee the globally asymptotic stability of the simplest Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy control system by using the circle criterion.The analysis is performed in the frequency domain, and hence the condition is of great significance when the frequency-response method, which is widely used in the linear control theory and practice, is employed to synthesize the simplest T-S fuzzy controller.Besides, this sufficient condition is featured by a graphical interpretation, which makes the condition straightforward to be used.Comparisons are drawn between the performance of the simplest T-S fuzzy controller and that of the linear compensator.Two numerical examples are presented to demonstrate how this sufficient condition can be applied to both stable and unstable plants.
A multiloop generalization of the circle criterion for stability margin analysis
Safonov, M. G.; Athans, M.
1981-01-01
In order to provide a theoretical tool well suited for use in characterizing the stability margins (e.g., gain and phase margins) of multiloop feedback systems, multiloop input-output stability results generalizing the circle stability criterion are considered. Generalized conic sectors with 'centers' and 'radii' determined by linear dynamical operators are employed to enable an engineer to specify the stability margins which he desires as a frequency-dependent convex set of modeling errors (including nonlinearities, gain variations, and phase variations) which the system must be able to tolerate in each feedback loop without instability. The resulting stability criterion gives sufficient conditions for closed-loop stability in the presence of such frequency-dependent modeling errors, even when the modeling errors occur simultaneously in all loops.
Janssen, Augustus
2011-01-01
A generalization of the Zernike circle polynomials for expansion of functions vanishing outside the unit disk is given. These generalized Zernike functions have the form Zm,{\\alpha} n ({\\rho}, \\vartheta) = Rm,{\\alpha} n ({\\rho}) exp(im\\vartheta), 0 \\leq {\\rho} 1, where n and m are integers such that n - |m| is nonnegative and even. The radial parts are O((1 - {\\rho}2){\\alpha}) as {\\rho} \\uparrow 1 in which {\\alpha} is a real parameter > -1. The Zm,{\\alpha} n are orthogonal on the unit disk with respect to the weight function (1 - {\\rho}2)-{\\alpha}, 0 \\leq {\\rho} < 1. The Fourier transform of Zm,{\\alpha} n can be expressed explicitly in terms of (generalized) Jinc functions Jn+{\\alpha}+1(2{\\pi}r)/(2{\\pi}r){\\alpha}+1 and exhibits a decay behaviour r-{\\alpha}-3/2 as r \\rightarrow \\infty. Etc.
Quality control circles: will they work at Sandia. Findings from a review of 66 sources
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jeys, G.H.
1982-01-01
Quality Control Circles (QCC's) meet regularly to solve limited, but important, problems related directly to their work. The QCC is organized so that the worker becomes involved in problem solving and quality awareness in meaningful and creative ways. Participation is voluntary. This concept has been successfully used in Japan for two decades. QCC's are now being implemented at an accelerating rate world-wide. There are questions as to QCC's applicability in the United States and in particular with respect to an R and D facility such as Sandia. This paper summarizes information about the QCC concept with respect to its implementation and applicability to Sandia. Information was extracted from 66 sources as noted in an Annotated Bibliography. Analysis techniques used by QCC's were utilized in the construction of this paper, especially with the Annotated Bibliography.
Self-Organized Vortices of Circling Self-Propelled Particles and Curved Active Flagella
Yang, Yingzi; Gompper, Gerhard
2014-01-01
Self-propelled point-like particles move along circular trajectories when their translocation velocity is constant and the angular velocity related to their orientation vector is also constant. We investigate the collective behavior of ensembles of such circle swimmers by Brownian dynamics simulations. If the particles interact via a ``velocity-trajectory coordination" rule within neighboring particles, a self-organized vortex pattern emerges. This vortex pattern is characterized by its particle-density correlation function $G_\\rho$, the density correlation function $G_c$ of trajectory centers, and an order parameter $S$ representing the degree of the aggregation of the particles. Here, we systematically vary the system parameters, such as the particle density and the interaction range, in order to reveal the transition of the system from a light-vortex-dominated to heavy-vortex-dominated state, where vortices contain mainly a single and many self-propelled particles, respectively. We also study a semi-dilute...
Matrix biorthogonal polynomials on the unit circle and non-Abelian Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cafasso, Mattia [Departement de Mathematiques, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Chemin du Cyclotron, 2, 1348 Louvain-la Neuve (Belgium)
2009-09-11
Adler and van Moerbeke (2001 Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 54 153-205) described a reduction of the 2D-Toda hierarchy called the Toeplitz lattice. This hierarchy turns out to be equivalent to the one originally described by Ablowitz and Ladik (1975 J. Math. Phys. 16 598-603) using semidiscrete zero- curvature equations. In this paper, we obtain the original semidiscrete zero-curvature equations starting directly from the Toeplitz lattice and we generalize these computations to the matrix case. This generalization leads us to the semidiscrete zero-curvature equations for the non-Abelian (or multicomponent) version of the Ablowitz-Ladik equations (Gerdzhikov and Ivanov 1982 Theor. Math. Phys. 52 676-85). In this way, we extend the link between biorthogonal polynomials on the unit circle and the Ablowitz-Ladik hierarchy to the matrix case.
Dot-in-Circle Sign - A Diagnostic MRI Sign for "Madura Foot".
Javed, Faiza; Nazir, Rashid; Sharma, Manoj; Yasir, Sanam; Babar, Sadia
2017-03-01
Mycetoma is a slowly progressive localised, granulomatous, subcutaneous tissue infection common among adult males aged 20 - 50 years. The causing agents include both bacteria (actinomycetoma) and fungi (eumycetoma). This chronic infection was described in literature as Madura foot and eventually mycetoma, due to its etiology. Early clinical diagnosis before the appearance of sinuses and grains (aggregates of organism surrounded by granulation tissue, which are discharged from the draining sinuses) is difficult. Early diagnosis is important due to the therapeutic implications. Although biopsy and microbiological cultures provide definitive diagnosis. Delay in diagnosis may lead to amputation of the affected part. The recently described "dot-in-circle" sign on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is easy to recognise and highly specific. We present a case of histologically proven mycetoma with characteristic MRI features.
Flexible calibration method for an inner surface detector based on circle structured light.
Zhu, Ye; Gu, Yonggang; Jin, Yi; Zhai, Chao
2016-02-10
A new calibration method for an inner surface detector based on circle structured light is proposed in this study. Compared with existing methods, this technique is more flexible and practical and only requires a blank planar board and an additional camera, which is precalibrated under the detector's coordinate system. The board is observed by the detector and the additional camera at a few (at least two) different orientations, which need not be known. The mathematical model of this method considers different alignment errors, which are disregarded in existing methods; therefore, precise assembly is not required. The binocular intersection algorithm is used to calculate the coordinates of the calibration points. The measurement system calibrated by this method performs well in the field test in which the maximum relative error of the measured values is less than 0.18%. The experimental result indicates that this method is highly accurate and can be easily applied in inner surface detection.
The Sacred Circle: a conceptual framework for spiritual care in hospice.
Paton, L
1996-01-01
Hospice care has consistently recognized the need to integrate spiritual care into holistic plans of care for dying patients and their families. Designing and implementing spiritual care interventions can be potentially difficult for hospice practitioners who have not had specific training in theology or pastoral care. Matthew Fox, a theologian, has developed a model of spiritual development that utilizes an ecumenical, ethical framework that can be directly applied to the care of hospice patients and families. This model employs a Sacred Circle approach that begins with an emphasis upon the sense of awe and wonder (the Via Positiva), moves into the next cycle by recognizing problems and negative emotions (the Via Negativa), that then flows into the creative solutions to problems (the Via Creativa), which finally transforms the problem into a new level of understanding (the Via Transformativa).
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Graham-Marr Alastair
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Improving student understanding of a foreign language culture is anything but a peripheral issue in the teaching of a foreign language. This pilot study reports on a second year required English course in a university in Japan that took a Literature Circles approach, where students were asked to read short stories out of class and then discuss these stories in class. Although students reported that they did not gain any special insights into the target language culture presented, they did report that reading fiction as source material for classroom activity helps with the acquisition of a vocabulary set that is more closely associated with lifestyle and culture. The results suggest that further study is warranted. Procedures of this pilot study are described and interpreted in the context of the English education system in Japan.
Coward, D M
1983-06-01
Factors governing the development of apomorphine-induced biphasic circling behaviour in rats having unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the substantia nigra were investigated. It was found that a post-lesion time of at least 2--3 weeks and the repeated exposure to apomorphine were essential for its development. Optimal results were obtained when animals received weekly apomorphine, 0.05 mg/kg sc, in post-lesion weeks 6, 7 and 8. Pretreatment with haloperidol, 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg ip 1 h beforehand in post-lesion week 9, converted the biphasic response into an enhanced, uniphasic one. The findings suggest that the development of the biphasic response to apomorphine is a multi-factorial process representing a pharmacological kindling phenomenon.
RBF neural network and active circles based algorithm for contours extraction
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhou Zhiheng; Zeng Delu; Xie Shengli
2007-01-01
For the contours extraction from the images, active contour model and self-organizing map based approach are popular nowadays. But they are still confronted with the problems that the optimization of energy function will trap in local minimums and the contour evolutions greatly depend on the initial contour selection. Addressing to these problems, a contours extraction algorithm based on RBF neural network is proposed here. A series of circles with adaptive radius and center is firstly used to search image feature points that are scattered enough. After the feature points are clustered, a group of radial basis functions are constructed. Using the pixels' intensities and gradients as the input vector, the final object contour can be obtained by the predicting ability of the neural network. The RBF neural network based algorithm is tested on three kinds of images, such as changing topology, complicated background, and blurring or noisy boundary. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm performs contours extraction greatly.
Full-Circle Color Panorama of Phoenix Landing Site on Northern Mars, Vertical Projection
2008-01-01
This view combines more than 400 images taken during the first several weeks after NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander arrived on an arctic plain at 68.22 degrees north latitude, 234.25 degrees east longitude on Mars. The full-circle panorama in approximately true color shows the polygonal patterning of ground in the landing area, similar to patterns in permafrost areas on Earth. North is toward the top. Trenches where Phoenix's robotic arm has been exposing subsurface material are visible just north of the lander. This view comprises more than 100 different camera pointings, with images taken through three different filters at each pointing. It is presented here as a vertical projection. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.
Jin, Shengye; Tamura, Masayuki
2013-10-01
Monte Carlo Ray Tracing (MCRT) method is a versatile application for simulating radiative transfer regime of the Solar - Atmosphere - Landscape system. Moreover, it can be used to compute the radiation distribution over a complex landscape configuration, as an example like a forest area. Due to its robustness to the complexity of the 3-D scene altering, MCRT method is also employed for simulating canopy radiative transfer regime as the validation source of other radiative transfer models. In MCRT modeling within vegetation, one basic step is the canopy scene set up. 3-D scanning application was used for representing canopy structure as accurately as possible, but it is time consuming. Botanical growth function can be used to model the single tree growth, but cannot be used to express the impaction among trees. L-System is also a functional controlled tree growth simulation model, but it costs large computing memory. Additionally, it only models the current tree patterns rather than tree growth during we simulate the radiative transfer regime. Therefore, it is much more constructive to use regular solid pattern like ellipsoidal, cone, cylinder etc. to indicate single canopy. Considering the allelopathy phenomenon in some open forest optical images, each tree in its own `domain' repels other trees. According to this assumption a stochastic circle packing algorithm is developed to generate the 3-D canopy scene in this study. The canopy coverage (%) and the tree amount (N) of the 3-D scene are declared at first, similar to the random open forest image. Accordingly, we randomly generate each canopy radius (rc). Then we set the circle central coordinate on XY-plane as well as to keep circles separate from each other by the circle packing algorithm. To model the individual tree, we employ the Ishikawa's tree growth regressive model to set the tree parameters including DBH (dt), tree height (H). However, the relationship between canopy height (Hc) and trunk height (Ht) is
LINEAR BUNDLES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF COINCIDENCE OF CIRCLE AND ELLIPSE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Polezhaev Yuriy Olegovich
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Compositions represented by geometrical graphic models of circular and elliptical shapes enjoy wide application in architectural and interior design. The research of variations of coincidences of circles and ellipses is a relevant subject of exploration. In the paper, the authors analyze some of the multiplicity of coincidences, and an example of their practical implementation (a church dome model. The section of an object is "amalgamated" into the architectural concept of the structure, the relief and theological ideas. Geometric interlinks, compositions and figurations of interconnected diameters, circular and elliptical arcs, their tangency, incidences and interspaces have always been of interest to researchers; they have triggered the search for harmonious and rational solutions in civil engineering and architecture. Advancements in theoretical geometrography and its software applications facilitate new solutions.
Kühnemund, M; Nilsson, M
2015-05-15
Novel portable, sensitive and selective DNA sensor methods for bio-sensing applications are required that can rival conventionally used non-portable and expensive fluorescence-based sensors. In this paper, rolling circle amplification (RCA) products are detected in solution and on magnetic particles using a resistive pulse sensing (RPS) nanopore. Low amounts of DNA molecules are detected by padlock probes which are circularized in a strictly target dependent ligation reaction. The DNA-padlock probe-complex is captured on magnetic particles by sequence specific capture oligonucleotides and amplified by a short RCA. Subsequent RPS analysis is used to identify individual particles with single attached RCA products from blank particles. This proof of concept opens up for a novel non-fluorescent digital DNA quantification method that can have many applications in bio-sensing and diagnostic approaches.
One-connectivity and finiteness of Hamiltonian circle actions with minimal fixed sets
Li, Hui; Stanley, Donald
2010-01-01
Let the circle act in a Hamiltonian fashion on a compact symplectic manifold $(M, \\omega)$. Assume that the fixed point set $M^{S^1}$ has exactly two components, $X$ and $Y$. We first show that, if $\\dim(X) + \\dim(Y) +2 = \\dim(M)$, then $M$ is simply connected. Using this result and the results in \\cite{LT} on the integral cohomology ring and the Chern classes of $M$, we obtain further classification results for such manifolds using techniques from surgery theory. In particular, we prove that up to diffeomorphism there are at most finitely many such manifolds in each dimension. Furthermore, up to equivariant diffeomorphism, finiteness still holds under some minor dimension restrictions.
Miao, Peng; Wang, Bidou; Meng, Fanyu; Yin, Jian; Tang, Yuguo
2015-03-18
MicroRNAs are a class of evolutionally conserved, small noncoding RNAs involved in the regulation of gene expression and affect a variety of biological processes including cellular differentiation, immunological response, tumor development, and so on. Recently, microRNAs have been identified as promising disease biomarkers. In this work, we have fabricated a novel electrochemical method for ultrasensitive detection of microRNA. Generally, a DNA tetrahedron decorated gold electrode is employed as the recognition interface. Then, hybridizations between DNA tetrahedron, microRNA, and primer probe initiate rolling circle amplification (RCA) on the electrode surface. Silver nanoparticles attached to the RCA products provide significant electrochemical signals and a limit of detection as low as 50 aM is achieved. Moreover, homology microRNA family members with only one or two mismatches can be successfully distinguished. Therefore, this proposed method reveals great advancements toward improved disease diagnosis and prognosis.
Reducing error vector magnitude of OFDM signals using threshold vector circle method
Wang, Jingqi; Wu, Qingqing; Wang, Dong; Zhang, Chunlei; Wu, Wen
2016-10-01
The main disadvantage of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal is the high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) which influences the system power efficiency and system performance in the presence of nonlinearities within the high power amplifier (HPA). The error vector magnitude (EVM) is one of the performance metrics by communications standards in OFDM system. In this paper, a novel PAPR reduction method from geometric angle analysis is proposed which keeps the EVM and bit-error-rate (BER) performance. In our method, a threshold vector circle is designed in frequency domain in order to adjust the amplitude and phase of the OFDM signal constellation points to near the ideal points. Simulation results show that PAPR of a QPSK modulated OFDM signal is reduced from 10.98dB to 7.502dB with an EVM reduction of 2.57%. This technique should vastly improve the performance of OFDM signal in communication system.
Circle quorum system-based non-stop network service model.
Song, Ping; Sun, Jian-ling; He, Zhi-jun
2004-05-01
Rapid developments in network systems of business service have resulted in more reliance on distributed computing, typified by "subscriber/push" architectures. Unfortunately, frequent and unexpectable network failures were routine, and downtime was not in hours, but in days. High availability has become the most important factor decreasing business risk and improving Quality of Service. Cluster technology has solved the non-stop problem on Local Area Network. However, most technologies including cluster today fail to ensure the non-stop Internet service based on Routers. With good performance on high availability and fault tolerance, quorum systems are very suitable for application to distributed business service networks. In this work, we modeled and developed a non-stop Internet service system based on a new quorum system, circle quorum system, for Boston Mutual Fund Broker, US. With five protocols, it provided highly available data services for clients on Internet.
Circle quorum system-based non-stop network service model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
宋平; 孙建伶; 何志均
2004-01-01
Rapid developments in network systems of business service have resulted in more reliance on distributed computing, typified by “subscriber/push” architectures. Unfortunately, frequent and unexpectable network failures were routine, and downtime was not in hours, but in days. High availability has become the most important factor decreasing business risk and improving Quality of Service. Cluster technology has solved the non-stop problem on Local Area Network. However, most technologies including cluster today fail to ensure the non-stop Internet service based on Routers. With good performance on high availability and fault tolerance, quorum systems are very suitable for application to distributed business service networks. In this work, we modeled and developed a non-stop Internet service system based on a new quorum system, circle quorum system, for Boston Mutual Fund Broker, US. With five protocols, it provided highly available data services for clients on Internet.
Circle quorum system-based non-stop network service model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
宋平; 孙建伶; 何志均
2004-01-01
Rapid developments in network systems of business service have resulted in more reliance on distributed computing, typified by "subscriber/push" architectures. Unfortunately, frequent and unexpectable network failures were routine, and downtime was not in hours, but in days. High availability has become the most important factor decreasing business risk and improving Quality of Service. Cluster technology has solved the non-stop problem on Local Area Network. However, most technologies including cluster today fail to ensure the non-stop Internet service based on Routers. With good performance on high availability and fault tolerance, quorum systems are very suitable for application to distributed business service networks. In this work, we modeled and developed a non-stop Internet service system based on a new quorum system, circle quorum system, for Boston Mutual Fund Broker, US. With five protocols, it provided highly available data services for clients on Internet.
Detection of Streptococcus mutans using padlock probe based on Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mônica Moreira
2015-02-01
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a padlock probe based on the Rolling Circle Amplification (RCA, which targeted to 16S-23S rDNA region of S. mutans. The specificity of developed padlock probe was tested for DNA within a panel strains, including S. mutans isolated from the saliva and reference strains of the genus Streptococcus, as well as total DNA samples of biofilm and saliva. The results were positive either for DNA samples of S. mutans or DNA samples recovered from the biofilm and saliva revealing the specificity of designed padlock probe. The padlock probe based on the RCA was proved to be an effective, reproducible method for S. mutansdetection and demonstrated the possibility of a rapid detection and accurate identification of S. mutans infection.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Shi Haixia; Xiu Jigang; Chen Zhangli; Wang Qincai; Hua Wei
2010-01-01
Generalized Inversion Method has been used to estimate the spatial variation of site effects,using the digital data of SH-waves recorded by 63 stations in the Capital Circle Region of China from 2001 to 2006.We gained the site effects of all stations participating in the calculation.We found that the site effect of rock was stabile and about 1.0 from 1.0Hz to10.0Hz,while the site effect of deposit was high in low frequencies,about 3～7 from1.0Hz to 8.0Hz,and the site effect was protuberant at about 5.0Hz,then fell as the frequency increased.The result shows the shape and intensity of station site effects are mainly influenced by the lithology below the station,and possibly also by the local geological structure.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Martina eRieger
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Tool actions are characterized by a transformation (of spatio-temporal and/or force-related characteristics between movements and their resulting consequences in the environment. This transformation has to be taken into account, when planning and executing movement and its existence may affect performance. In the present study we investigated how angular gain transformations between movement and visual feedback during circling movements affect coordination performance. Participants coordinated the visual feedback (feedback dot with a continuously circling stimulus (stimulus dot on a computer screen in order to produce mirror symmetric trajectories of them. The movement angle was multiplied by a gain factor (0.5 to 2; 9 levels before it was presented on the screen. Thus, the angular gain transformations changed the spatio-temporal relationship between the movement and its feedback in visual space, and resulted in a non-constant mapping of movement to feedback positions. Coordination performance was best with gain = 1. With high gains the feedback dot was in lead of the stimulus dot, with small gains it lagged behind. Anchoring (reduced movement variability occurred when the two trajectories were close to each other. Awareness of the transformation depended on the deviation of the gain from 1. In conclusion, the size of an angular gain transformation as well as its mere presence influence performance in a situation in which the mapping of movement positions to visual feedback positions is not constant. When designing machines or tools that involve transformations between movements and their external consequences, one should be aware that the mere presence of angular gains may result in performance decrements and that there can be flaws in the representation of the transformation.
Akarsu, Esra; Yilmaz, Süha
2015-01-01
In this study, it was aimed to study the mathematical language skills that the 7th grade students use in defining the circle and its elements. In the study, the mathematical language skills of students that they use in defining the circle and its elements in a scenario were compared to the mathematical language skills they use in defining them…
Åberg, Pelle
2016-01-01
How does participation in nonformal learning influence the self-perceived well-being among older adults? This article looks into that issue through a study of people aged 65 years or older who have participated in Swedish study circles. The data analyzed consists of a nation-wide survey of study circle participants. The results show that there are…
O'Connor, Eileen
2016-01-01
The study outlined here was an attempt to examine the use of "Circle of Friends" as a single intervention approach in addressing the issue of inappropriate social interactions in a child with Asperger Syndrome. The child selected was in a mainstream setting, as the main feature of a circle of friends is peers supporting peers. The child…
Steese, Stephanie; Dollette, Maya; Phillips, William; Hossfeld, Elizabeth; Matthews, Gail; Taormina, Giovanna
2006-01-01
The Girls' Circle is a support group for adolescent girls developed by Beth Hossfeld and Giovanna Taormina as a unique program that addresses the needs of girls by focusing on increasing connections, building empathic skills, and developing resiliency. The present study evaluates the effectiveness of the Girls' Circle intervention on improving…
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Jose Miguel EDESO FITO
2016-07-01
Full Text Available ‘Baratze’ or Pyrenean funerary stone circles, also known as Pyrenean cromlech, are funerary cremation monuments constructed between the Late Bronze Age and the beginning of the Roman period. These monuments consist of small circles, which consist of isolated standing stone blocks that enclose a central funerary deposit. The densest geographical distribution of Pyrenean funerary stone circles is located east of the Leizaran river and the lower basin of the Oria river up to approximately Andorra. Pyrenean cromlechs are located across mountain chains and occasionally share space with other funerary monuments constructed between the Middle Neolithic period and the Bronze Age –dolmens and cists–, whereas in other locations, cromlechs appear to be established in previously unoccupied mountain zones in an approximately continuous fashion by groups of farmers. The discovery of some Pyrenean circles in Ondarre and Beaskin (Sierra de Aralar, away from the nuclear zone and in a space continuously exploited since the Neolithic period, as indicated by the presence of other funerary monuments –dolmens and cists–, generates new questions regarding their distribution and the reasons for distinct densities of these rituals in some areas of the nuclear zone. Therefore, we propose different explanatory hypotheses, adapted to the distinct circumstances, as lithology, history, etc.
Schmidt, S. J.; Parmer, M. S.; Bohn, D. M.
2005-01-01
Large undergraduate classes are a challenge to manage, to engage, and to assess, yet such formidable classes can flourish when student participation is facilitated. One method of generating authentic student involvement is implementation of quality circles by means of a Student Feedback Committee (SFC), which is a volunteer problem-solving and…
Zhang, Chenyi; Diamond, Karen E.; Powell, Douglas R.
2015-01-01
Large-group circle time is an important component of many preschool classrooms' daily schedules. This study scrutinized the teaching content of Head Start teachers' literacy instruction (i.e., the types of literacy concept embedded within the instruction, lexical characteristics of teachers' talk, and elaborations on literacy knowledge) in two…
Vercellotti, Tim; Matto, Elizabeth C.
2010-01-01
CIRCLE Working Paper #72 addresses whether efforts to systematically incorporate media into school curricula increases several elements of civic engagement, including students' media use, political knowledge or their sense of being able to understand and influence politics (internal political efficacy). In "The Classroom-Kitchen Table…
无向完全图的哈密顿回路%Hamilton Circles of No Direction Graph
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
梁震; 陈新军
2000-01-01
In this article,a way of finding all Hamilton cycles of a perfect no direction graph will be presented.Then we can find out the formula of all Hamilton circles of a perfect no direction graph.Finally the way will be expanded to other cases like finding whether a graph has Hamilton cycles or not.
The fascination for the circle. Commentary on the paragraphs 13, 14 and 15 of The birth of tragedy
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Julián Santos Guerrero
2014-07-01
Full Text Available The article tries to fix the attention on the functioning of the figure of the circle inside the thought of the young Nietzsche of The birth of tragedy. At the same time, in it there is a thesis about the origin of the fascination that the above mentioned figure exercises in the Nietzschean text
Mengel, Jan Philipp; Lissin, Artur; Biedenkopf, Nadine; Schultze, Tilman; Mannala, Gopala Krishna; Schudt, Gordian; Kann, Gerrit; Wolf, Timo; Eickmann, Markus; Becker, Stephan
2016-01-01
We report here a complete genome sequence of Ebola virus Makona from a nonfatal patient sample that originated in Sierra Leone during the last Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa (species Zaire ebolavirus) using a highly accurate circle sequencing (Cir-seq) method.
Su, Chia-chun
2009-01-01
Reading comprehension plays a key role in academic success in today's classrooms. Literature Circles (LCs), a learner-centered collaborative reading activity, brings together the ideas of cooperative learning, independent reading, and reader response theory to enhance students' reading comprehension as well as their motivation toward learning…
Angstmann, Steffen; Madsen, Kathrine Skak; Skimminge, Arnold; Jernigan, Terry L; Baaré, William F C; Siebner, Hartwig Roman
2016-12-01
Most humans show a strong preference to use their right hand, but strong preference for the right hand does not necessarily imply a strong right-left asymmetry in manual proficiency (i.e., dexterity). Here we tested the hypothesis that intra-individual asymmetry of manual proficiency would be reflected in microstructural differences between the right and left corticospinal tract (CST) in a cohort of 52 right-handed typically-developing adolescents (11-16 years). Participants were asked to fluently draw superimposed circles with their right dominant and left non-dominant hand. Temporal regularity of circle drawing movements was assessed for each hand using a digitizing tablet. Although all participants were right-handed, there was substantial inter-individual variation regarding the relative right-hand advantage for fluent circle drawing. All subjects underwent whole-brain diffusion tensor imaging at 3 Tesla. The right and left CST were defined as regions-of-interest and mean fractional anisotropy (FA) and diffusivity values were calculated for right and left CST. On average, mean FA values were higher in the left CST relative to right CST. The degree of right-left FA asymmetry showed a linear relationship with right-left asymmetry in fluent circle drawing after correction for age and gender. The higher the mean FA values were in the left dominant CST relative to the right non-dominant CST, the stronger was the relative right-hand advantage for regular circle drawing. These findings show that right-left differences in manual proficiency are highly variable in right-handed adolescents and that this variation is associated with a right-left microstructural asymmetry of the CST.
Research circles: A method for the development of knowledge and the creation of change in practice
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Sara Högdin
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This article contains a presentation of experiences gained of research circles as a participant-based method for the development of knowledge and the creation of change in practice. The starting point is two international projects whose aim is to develop knowledge about the professional work being done with young people who exhibit violent behavior. In the Swedish sub-studies, research circles are used as a method for developing such knowledge as well as for creating change in practice. The research circle as a method has its theoretical starting point in action research and participant-oriented research. The results of the study illustrate how research circles can contribute to the creation of a knowledge process through the dialogue in the group and the facilitation of reflection over different work approaches in one’s own work, even if it is a method that does not suit everyone. The results also show that the research circle can lead to a change process in the actual work by enhancing transprofessional collaboration and leading to an increase in the participants’ awareness and evaluation of their work with violent children and young people. Este artigo contém uma apresentação de experiências adquiridas com círculos de investigação como método participante capaz de gerar conhecimento e mudança de práticas. Dois projetos internacionais constituem o nosso ponto de partida, cujo objetivo foi o de produzir conhecimento sobre o trabalho profissional que está a ser feito com os jovens que apresentam comportamento violento. Nos sub-estudos suecos, os círculos de investigação são usados como um método para o desenvolvimento de tais conhecimentos, bem como para proporcionar mudança de práticas. O círculo de investigação como método tem o seu ponto de partida teórico na investigação-ação e na investigação participante. Os resultados do estudo demonstram como os círculos de investigação podem contribuir para a cria
A Systematic Approach for Solving the Great Circle Track Problems based on Vector Algebra
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Chen Chih-Li
2016-04-01
Full Text Available A systematic approach, based on multiple products of the vector algebra (S-VA, is proposed to derive the spherical triangle formulae for solving the great circle track (GCT problems. Because the mathematical properties of the geometry and algebra are both embedded in the S-VA approach, derivations of the spherical triangle formulae become more understandable and more straightforward as compared with those approaches which use the complex linear combination of a vector basis. In addition, the S-VA approach can handle all given initial conditions for solving the GCT problems simpler, clearer and avoid redundant formulae existing in the conventional approaches. With the technique of transforming the Earth coordinates system of latitudes and longitudes into the Cartesian one and adopting the relative longitude concept, the concise governing equations of the S-VA approach can be easily and directly derived. Owing to the advantage of the S-VA approach, it makes the practical navigator quickly adjust to solve the GCT problems. Based on the S-VA approach, a program namely GCTPro_VA is developed for friendly use of the navigator. Several validation examples are provided to show the S-VA approach is simple and versatile to solve the GCT problems.
The Utopia of Unified Science: The Political Struggle of Otto Neurath and the Vienna Circle
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Ivan Ferreira da Cunha
2013-08-01
Full Text Available Neurath’s approach to the problem of the unity of science is different from conceptions we may call traditional, to know, those that consider that what unites in one single concept the diverse sciences is the adoption of a method, or those that defend that this is carried through by certain characteristics which can be found in the body of knowledge considered scientific. Neurath’s stance also diverges from the standpoint that there is no unifying factor for science, that is, the view that the different sciences are only classified under such concept because of the historical origin of such activities. Neurath’s proposal is to consider science as an attitude, a posture in relation to the problems of the world, the scientific world-conception. This text presents such approach in connection to the aspect of social transformation that can be found in Neurath’s thought. This is done following a comprehension of the ideas of the Vienna Circle, seeking to understand a continuity among the ideas of the members of such group, especially Neurath and Carnap. The present text aims, as well, at recovering the Neurathian idea that we can use a philosophical approach to science to struggle against the problems of the world.
Hisazumi, Rinnosuke; Kayumi, Miya; Zhang, Weidong; Kikukawa, Ryuji; Nasu, Tetuo; Yasuda, Masahiro
2016-01-01
A signal joint T-cell receptor excision circle (sjTREC) is a circular DNA produced by T-cell receptor α gene rearrangement in the thymus. Measurements of sjTREC values have been used to evaluate thymic function. We recently established a quantitative PCR (QPCR) assay of bovine sjTREC. In the present study, we used this QPCR assay to measure the sjTREC value in bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and we then evaluated the relationships between sjTREC values and peripheral blood T-cell number, growth stage, gender, and meteorological season. The sjTREC value was highest at the neonatal stage, and its value subsequently decreased with age. On the other hand, the peripheral T-cell number increased with age. The sjTREC value in calves up to 50-days old was significantly higher for males than for females, suggesting that thymic function might differ by gender. In addition, the sjTREC value and the peripheral T-cell number were significantly higher in calves in the summer season than in calves in the winter season. These data suggest that bovine thymic function is highly variable and varies according to the growth stage, gender, and environmental factors such as air temperature or the UV index.
Transverse self-fields within an electron bunch moving in an arc of a circle
Geloni, G A; Luiten, J; Van der Wiel, M J; Dohlus, M; Saldin, E L; Schneidmiller, E A; Yurkov, M; Geloni, Gianluca; Botman, Jan; Luiten, Jom; Wiel, Marnix van der; Dohlus, Martin; Saldin, Evgeni; Schneidmiller, Evgeni; Yurkov, Mikhail
2004-01-01
As a consequence of motions driven by external forces, self-fields (which are different from the static case) originate within an electron bunch. In the case of magnetic external forces acting on an ultrarelativistic beam, the longitudinal self-interactions are responsible for CSR (Coherent Synchrotron Radiation)-related phenomena, which have been studied extensively. On the other hand, transverse self-interactions are present too. At the time being, existing theoretical analysis of transverse self-forces deal with the case of a bunch moving along a circular orbit only, without considering the situation of a bending magnet with a finite length. In this paper we propose an electrodynamical analysis of transverse self-fields which originate, at the position of a test particle, from an ultrarelativistic electron bunch moving in an arc of a circle. The problem will be first addressed within a two-particle system. We then extend our consideration to a line bunch with a stepped density distribution, a situation whi...
Fang, Yi-Chin; Wu, Bo-Wen
2008-12-01
Thermal imaging is an important technology in both national defense and the private sector. An advantage of thermal imaging is its ability to be deployed while fully engaged in duties, not limited by weather or the brightness of indoor or outdoor conditions. However, in an outdoor environment, many factors, including atmospheric decay, target shape, great distance, fog, temperature out of range and diffraction limits can lead to bad image formation, which directly affects the accuracy of object recognition. The visual characteristics of the human eye mean that it has a much better capacity for picture recognition under normal conditions than artificial intelligence does. However, conditions of interference significantly reduce this capacity for picture recognition for instance, fatigue impairs human eyesight. Hence, psychological and physiological factors can affect the result when the human eye is adopted to measure MRTD (minimum resolvable temperature difference) and MRCTD (minimum resolvable circle temperature difference). This study explores thermal imaging recognition, and presents a method for effectively choosing the characteristic values and processing the images fully. Neural network technology is successfully applied to recognize thermal imaging and predict MRTD and MRCTD (Appendix A), exceeding thermal imaging recognition under fatigue and the limits of the human eye.
A transcription and translation-coupled DNA replication system using rolling-circle replication.
Sakatani, Yoshihiro; Ichihashi, Norikazu; Kazuta, Yasuaki; Yomo, Tetsuya
2015-05-27
All living organisms have a genome replication system in which genomic DNA is replicated by a DNA polymerase translated from mRNA transcribed from the genome. The artificial reconstitution of this genome replication system is a great challenge in in vitro synthetic biology. In this study, we attempted to construct a transcription- and translation-coupled DNA replication (TTcDR) system using circular genomic DNA encoding phi29 DNA polymerase and a reconstituted transcription and translation system. In this system, phi29 DNA polymerase was translated from the genome and replicated the genome in a rolling-circle manner. When using a traditional translation system composition, almost no DNA replication was observed, because the tRNA and nucleoside triphosphates included in the translation system significantly inhibited DNA replication. To minimize these inhibitory effects, we optimized the composition of the TTcDR system and improved replication by approximately 100-fold. Using our system, genomic DNA was replicated up to 10 times in 12 hours at 30 °C. This system provides a step toward the in vitro construction of an artificial genome replication system, which is a prerequisite for the construction of an artificial cell.
Longitudinal Vibration Characteristics Required to Cut a Circle by Ultrasonic Vibration
Takuya Asami,; Hikaru Miura,
2010-07-01
Currently, lasers and water jets are used to cut circles in brittle materials such as ceramics. However, a disadvantage of these methods is that the conventional equipment is large and complex. To resolve this issue, a method using the ultrasonic vibration of a hollow-type stepped horn for cutting is developed. We consider that this equipment can be simplified and miniaturized. The shape of the hollow-type stepped horn and the characteristics of the longitudinal vibration required to obtain excellent cutting properties were examined. As a result, the most appropriate depth of the hollow part is one-quarter of the wavelength for a hollow-type stepped horn that vibrates longitudinally. The amplification factor is proportional to the cross-sectional ratio providing the cross-sectional ratio does not exceed 4.6. The characteristics of the longitudinal vibration of the hollow-type stepped horn when the static pressing force at the tip of the horn is varied were also examined. It was clarified that the ultrasonic vibration of a hollow-type stepped horn can be used to cut brittle materials.
Evidence-based interventions for reading and language difficulties: creating a virtuous circle.
Snowling, Margaret J; Hulme, Charles
2011-03-01
BACKGROUND. Children may experience two very different forms of reading problem: decoding difficulties (dyslexia) and reading comprehension difficulties. Decoding difficulties appear to be caused by problems with phonological (speech sound) processing. Reading comprehension difficulties in contrast appear to be caused by problems with 'higher level' language difficulties including problems with semantics (including deficient knowledge of word meanings) and grammar (knowledge of morphology and syntax). AIMS. We review evidence concerning the nature, causes of, and treatments for children's reading difficulties. We argue that any well-founded educational intervention must be based on a sound theory of the causes of a particular form of learning difficulty, which in turn must be based on an understanding of how a given skill is learned by typically developing children. Such theoretically motivated interventions should in turn be evaluated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to establish whether they are effective, and for whom. RESULTS. There is now considerable evidence showing that phonologically based interventions are effective in ameliorating children's word level decoding difficulties, and a smaller evidence base showing that reading and oral language (OL) comprehension difficulties can be ameliorated by suitable interventions to boost vocabulary and broader OL skills. CONCLUSIONS. The process of developing theories about the origins of children's educational difficulties and evaluating theoretically motivated treatments in RCTs, produces a 'virtuous circle' whereby theory informs practice, and the evaluation of effective interventions in turn feeds back to inform and refine theories about the nature and causes of children's reading and language difficulties.
Sagredo, Sandra; de la Cruz, Fernando; Moncalián, Gabriel
2016-01-01
During bacterial conjugation and rolling circle replication, HUH endonucleases, respectively known as relaxases and replicases, form a covalent bond with ssDNA when they cleave their target sequence (nic site). Both protein families show structural similarity but limited amino acid identity. Moreover, the organization of the inverted repeat (IR) and the loop that shape the nic site differs in both proteins. Arguably, replicases cleave their target site more efficiently, while relaxases exert more biochemical control over the process. Here we show that engineering a relaxase target by mimicking the replicase target, results in enhanced formation of protein-DNA covalent complexes. Three widely different relaxases, which belong to MOBF, MOBQ and MOBP families, can properly cleave DNA sequences with permuted target sequences. Collaterally, the secondary structure that the permuted targets acquired within a supercoiled plasmid DNA resulted in poor conjugation frequencies underlying the importance of relaxase accessory proteins in conjugative DNA processing. Our results reveal that relaxase and replicase targets can be interchangeable in vitro. The new Rep substrates provide new bioconjugation tools for the design of sophisticated DNA-protein nanostructures.
Arrest of rolling circle amplification by protein-binding DNA aptamers.
Wang, Lida; Tram, Kha; Ali, Monsur M; Salena, Bruno J; Li, Jinghong; Li, Yingfu
2014-02-24
Certain DNA polymerases, such as ϕ29 DNA polymerase, can isothermally copy the sequence of a circular template round by round in a process known as rolling circle amplification (RCA), which results in super-long single-stranded (ss) DNA molecules made of tandem repeats. The power of RCA reflects the high processivity and the strand-displacement ability of these polymerases. In this work, the ability of ϕ29DNAP to carry out RCA over circular templates containing a protein-binding DNA aptamer sequence was investigated. It was found that protein-aptamer interactions can prevent this DNA polymerase from reading through the aptameric domain. This finding indicates that protein-binding DNA aptamers can form highly stable complexes with their targets in solution. This novel observation was exploited by translating RCA arrest into a simple and convenient colorimetric assay for the detection of specific protein targets, which continues to showcase the versatility of aptamers as molecular recognition elements for biosensing applications.
Floating Circle of Objects Simulation with the Princeton Ocean Model for the Gulf of Thailand
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Chairote YAIPRASERT
2005-01-01
Full Text Available The Princeton Ocean Model (POM was modified to simulate motion of a group of particles floating on the sea surface in the Gulf of Thailand. The particles in this group were set up so that they formed a circle. The radius reflected uncertainties of longitude and latitude directions while the centre was set at the point of interest. POM was incorporated with tidal forcing on the boundary, which included used current forcing on the inflow by wind velocities, high resolution and realistic ocean bottom topography, temperature and salinity. The model domain for the Gulf of Thailand extended from latitude 3°N-14°N and longitude 99°E-109°E. A horizontal grid resolution of 0.1 degree (approximately 11.1 km was used in the model. Therefore, the grids consisted of 101×111 cells. Twenty one levels in sigma coordinate were used in vertical resolution. The model results were verified using TOPEX/Poseidon and JASON satellite data. The results of the simulation were used to gain a better understanding of the sea current and object movement patterns in the Gulf of Thailand.
Sagredo, Sandra; de la Cruz, Fernando; Moncalián, Gabriel
2016-01-01
During bacterial conjugation and rolling circle replication, HUH endonucleases, respectively known as relaxases and replicases, form a covalent bond with ssDNA when they cleave their target sequence (nic site). Both protein families show structural similarity but limited amino acid identity. Moreover, the organization of the inverted repeat (IR) and the loop that shape the nic site differs in both proteins. Arguably, replicases cleave their target site more efficiently, while relaxases exert more biochemical control over the process. Here we show that engineering a relaxase target by mimicking the replicase target, results in enhanced formation of protein-DNA covalent complexes. Three widely different relaxases, which belong to MOBF, MOBQ and MOBP families, can properly cleave DNA sequences with permuted target sequences. Collaterally, the secondary structure that the permuted targets acquired within a supercoiled plasmid DNA resulted in poor conjugation frequencies underlying the importance of relaxase accessory proteins in conjugative DNA processing. Our results reveal that relaxase and replicase targets can be interchangeable in vitro. The new Rep substrates provide new bioconjugation tools for the design of sophisticated DNA-protein nanostructures. PMID:27027740
Isothermal rolling circle amplification of virus genomes for rapid antigen detection and typing.
Brasino, Michael D; Cha, Jennifer N
2015-08-01
In this work, isothermal rolling circle amplification (RCA) of the multi-kilobase genome of engineered filamentous bacteriophage is used to report the presence and identification of specific protein analytes in solution. First, bacteriophages were chosen as sensing platforms because peptides or antibodies that bind medically relevant targets can be isolated through phage display or expressed as fusions to their p3 and p8 coat proteins. Second, the circular, single-stranded genome contained within the phage serves as a natural large DNA template for a RCA reaction to rapidly generate exponential amounts of double stranded DNA in a single isothermal step that can be easily detected using low-cost fluorescent nucleic acid stains. Amplifying the entire phage genome also provides high detection sensitivities. Furthermore, since the sequence of the viral DNA can be easily modified with multiple restriction enzyme sites, a simple DNA digest can be applied to detect and identify multiple antigens simultaneously. The methods developed here will lead to protein sensors that are highly scalable to produce, can be run without complex biological equipment and do not require the use of multiple antibodies or high-cost fluorescent DNA probes or nucleotides.
Predictions for the detection of Tidal Streams with Gaia using Great Circle Methods
Mateu, Cecilia; Font, Andreea S; Aguilar, Luis; Frenk, Carlos; Cole, Shaun; Wang, Wenting; McCarthy, Ian G
2016-01-01
The Gaia astrometric mission may offer an unprecedented opportunity to discover new tidal streams in the Galactic halo. To test this, we apply nGC3, a great-circle-cell count method that combines position and proper motion data to identify streams, to eleven mock Gaia catalogues of K giants and RR Lyrae stars constructed from cosmological simulations of Milky Way analogues. We analyse two sets of simulations, one using a combination of N-body and semi-analytical methods which has extremely high resolution, the other using hydro-dynamical methods, which captures the dynamics of baryons, including the formation of an in situ halo. These eleven realizations of plausible Galactic merger histories allow us to assess the potential for the recovery of tidal streams in different Milky Way formation scenarios. We include the Gaia selection function and observational errors in these mock catalogues. We find that the nGC3 method has a well-defined detection boundary in the space of stream width and projected overdensity...
Education, Enlightenment and Positivism: The Vienna Circle's Scientific World-Conception Revisited
Uebel, Thomase.
The scientific world-conception is properly understood as an enlightenment philosophy only if the current reassessment of the historical Vienna Circle(as opposed to the caricature still prevalent in the popular philosophical imagination) is once more extended to comprehend not only its thorough-going epistemological anti-foundationalism, but also the voluntarist point of its ethical`non-cognitivism'. That is to say, the scientific world-conception is properly understood as the opposite of village positivism only if it is recognized that it has an `other' and that the scientific world-conception was meant by its proponents to perform its enlightenment work only in conjunction with that other of scientific reason - ethical will and willing. Scientific reason cannot determine all there is to determine, it cannot determine the will. In this sense, there was, pace village positivism, more than scientific reason dreamt of. Scientific reason was not made absolute: rather, its (self-) clarification was required if a satisfactory view of its place in `life' was to be attained.
Dimensional synthesis of a 3-DOF parallel manipulator with full circle rotation
Ni, Yanbing; Wu, Nan; Zhong, Xueyong; Zhang, Biao
2015-07-01
Parallel robots are widely used in the academic and industrial fields. In spite of the numerous achievements in the design and dimensional synthesis of the low-mobility parallel robots, few research efforts are directed towards the asymmetric 3-DOF parallel robots whose end-effector can realize 2 translational and 1 rotational(2T1R) motion. In order to develop a manipulator with the capability of full circle rotation to enlarge the workspace, a new 2T1R parallel mechanism is proposed. The modeling approach and kinematic analysis of this proposed mechanism are investigated. Using the method of vector analysis, the inverse kinematic equations are established. This is followed by a vigorous proof that this mechanism attains an annular workspace through its circular rotation and 2 dimensional translations. Taking the first order perturbation of the kinematic equations, the error Jacobian matrix which represents the mapping relationship between the error sources of geometric parameters and the end-effector position errors is derived. With consideration of the constraint conditions of pressure angles and feasible workspace, the dimensional synthesis is conducted with a goal to minimize the global comprehensive performance index. The dimension parameters making the mechanism to have optimal error mapping and kinematic performance are obtained through the optimization algorithm. All these research achievements lay the foundation for the prototype building of such kind of parallel robots.
Dimensional Synthesis of a 3-DOF Parallel Manipulator with Full Circle Rotation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
NI Yanbing; WU Nan; ZHONG Xueyong; ZHANG Biao
2015-01-01
Parallel robots are widely used in the academic and industrial fields. In spite of the numerous achievements in the design and dimensional synthesis of the low-mobility parallel robots, few research efforts are directed towards the asymmetric 3-DOF parallel robots whose end-effector can realize 2 translational and 1 rotational(2T1R) motion. In order to develop a manipulator with the capability of full circle rotation to enlarge the workspace, a new 2T1R parallel mechanism is proposed. The modeling approach and kinematic analysis of this proposed mechanism are investigated. Using the method of vector analysis, the inverse kinematic equations are established. This is followed by a vigorous proof that this mechanism attains an annular workspace through its circular rotation and 2 dimensional translations. Taking the first order perturbation of the kinematic equations, the error Jacobian matrix which represents the mapping relationship between the error sources of geometric parameters and the end-effector position errors is derived. With consideration of the constraint conditions of pressure angles and feasible workspace, the dimensional synthesis is conducted with a goal to minimize the global comprehensive performance index. The dimension parameters making the mechanism to have optimal error mapping and kinematic performance are obtained through the optimization algorithm. All these research achievements lay the foundation for the prototype building of such kind of parallel robots.
Su, Qiang; Zhou, Xiaoming
2008-12-01
Many pathogenic and genetic diseases are associated with changes in the sequence of particular genes. We describe here a rapid and highly efficient assay for the detection of point mutation. This method is a combination of isothermal rolling circle amplification (RCA) and high sensitive electrochemluminescence (ECL) detection. In the design, a circular template generated by ligation upon the recognition of a point mutation on DNA targets was amplified isothermally by the Phi29 polymerase using a biotinylated primer. The elongation products were hybridized with tris (bipyridine) ruthenium (TBR)-tagged probes and detected in a magnetic bead based ECL platform, indicating the mutation occurrence. P53 was chosen as a model for the identification of this method. The method allowed sensitive determination of the P53 mutation from wild-type and mutant samples. The main advantage of RCA-ECL is that it can be performed under isothermal conditions and avoids the generation of false-positive results. Furthermore, ECL provides a faster, more sensitive, and economical option to currently available electrophoresis-based methods.
Circles of Consensus: The Preservation of Cultural Diversity through Political Processes
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Jordi Jaria i Manzano
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Western modern culture has expanded at the universal level and has thereby become a threat to other cultures, particularly those of chthonic communities. But these cultures have progressively recognized its worth as a source of richness, which can be very useful in facing future challenges to humanity. Moreover, in terms of human dignity and the equality of all human beings, Western modern culture has to be recognized as having an intrinsic value as well. Given these facts, we must find a way to protect this cultural diversity in an effective manner. It is obvious that assimilationist or isolationist models are not satisfactory. So I propose a third way. I call it an integrationist or a deep approach. It consists of giving political density to cultural diversity through the design of federalist strategies that have, as a result, the definition of different levels of decision (circles of consensus. After having exposed my model, I will pay attention to the recent constitutional experiences in Ecuador and Bolivia, where some new developments in this sense are intended. I compare these models with my proposal and, finally, I analyze the main problems that a deep approach to preserving cultural diversity has to face up to.
Penentuan Segmen Pasar Produk Private Label Makanan Siap Saji (Studi Pada Circle K Surabaya
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Agusmuda Dharmadjie Dharmadjie
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Segmentasi pasar memberikan peluang bagi peritel guna menyesuaikan produknya dengan permintaan konsumen. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui segmen pasar produk private label makanan siap saji di Circle K. Penelitian menggunakan analisis deskriptif untuk menggambarkan karakteristik konsumen dari variabel demografis, geografis, dan perilaku, analisis cluster K-Mean untuk menentukan segmen pasar dari variabel psikografis, analisis SWOT untuk menyusun faktor-faktor strategis perusahaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan : 1 segmen pasar yang terbentuk adalah mayoritas konsumen perempuan, berusia 15 – 25 tahun, berpendidikan terakhir SMU, belum menikah, bekerja sebagai karyawan, tinggal di Surabaya, mengetahui makanan siap saji lewat teman, tujuan membeli mencoba-coba, membeli untuk makan, membeli sekali seminggu, kebiasaaan membeli mencoba yang baru, membeli ditemani teman, bersedia merekomendasikan, berminat membeli setelah mengetahuinya, tidak mudah bosan dengan makanan siap saji, menanggapi positif makanan siap saji sebagai makanan yang sehat dan bergizi, mempunyai kualitas dan nilai gizi yang baik, tidak membuat gemuk, dapat dikonsumsi oleh semua konsumen di segala usia, terjamin kebersihannya, dan mempunyai porsi yang cukup untuk sekali makan. 2 Kemungkinan alternatif strategis adalah menjaga kualitas produk, meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan, inovasi produk sesuai kebutuhan konsumen dengan harga yang terjangkau, menambah gerai, meningkatkan promosi, mempertahankan ciri khas produk, meningkatkan hubungan baik dengan pelanggan.
A New Look at Chern-Simons on Circle Bundles I: The Caloron Correspondence
Mickler, Ryan
2015-01-01
We consider Chern-Simons theory on 3-manifold $M$ that is the total space of a circle bundle over a 2d base $\\Sigma$. We show that this theory is equivalent to a new 2d TQFT on the base, which we call Caloron BF theory, that can be obtained by an appropriate type of push-forward. This is a gauge theory on a bundle with structure group given by the full affine level $k$ central extension of the loop group $LG$. The space of fields of this 2d theory is naturally symplectic, and this provides a new formulation of a result of Beasley-Witten about the equivariant localization of the Chern-Simons path integral. The main tool that we employ is the Caloron correspondence, originally due to Murray-Garland, that relates the space of gauge fields on $M$ with a certain enlarged space of connections on an equivariant version of the loop space of the $G$-bundle. We show that the symplectic structure that Beasley-Witten found is related to a looped version of the Atiyah-Bott construction in 2-dimensional Yang-Mills theory. ...
On the organizing role of nonmuscular forces during performance of a giant circle in gymnastics.
Sevrez, Violaine; Rao, Guillaume; Berton, Eric; Bootsma, Reinoud J
2012-02-01
Five elite gymnasts performed giant circles on the high bar under different conditions of loading (without and with 6-kg loads attached to the shoulders, waist or ankles). Comparing the gymnasts' kinematic pattern of movement with that of a triple-pendulum moving under the sole influence of nonmuscular forces revealed qualitative similarities, including the adoption of an arched position during the downswing and a piked position during the upswing. The structuring role of nonmuscular forces in the organization of movement was further reinforced by the results of an inverse dynamics analysis, assessing the contributions of gravitational, inertial and muscular components to the net joint torques. Adding loads at the level of the shoulders, waist or ankles systematically influenced movement kinematics and net joint torques. However, with the loads attached at the level of the shoulders or waist, the load-induced changes in gravitational and inertial torques provided the required increase in net joint torque, thereby allowing the muscular torques to remain unchanged. With the loads attached at the level of the ankles, this was no longer the case and the gymnasts increased the muscular torques at the shoulder and hip joints. Together, these results demonstrate that expert gymnasts skillfully exploit the operative nonmuscular forces, employing muscle force only in the capacity of complementary forces needed to perform the task.
Full-Circle Color Panorama of Phoenix Landing Site on Northern Mars, Polar Projection
2008-01-01
This view combines more than 400 images taken during the first several weeks after NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander arrived on an arctic plain at 68.22 degrees north latitude, 234.25 degrees east longitude on Mars. The full-circle panorama in approximately true color shows the polygonal patterning of ground at the landing area, similar to patterns in permafrost areas on Earth. South is toward the top. Trenches where Phoenix's robotic arm has been exposing subsurface material are visible in the lower half of the image. The spacecraft's meteorology mast, topped by the telltale wind gauge, extends into the sky portion of the panorama. This view comprises more than 100 different camera pointings, with images taken through three different filters at each pointing. It is presented here as a polar projection. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.
Full-Circle Color Panorama of Phoenix Landing Site on Northern Mars
2008-01-01
[figure removed for brevity, see original site] Mission Success Pan Click on image to view the movie This view combines more than 400 images taken during the first several weeks after NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander arrived on an arctic plain at 68.22 degrees north latitude, 234.25 degrees east longitude on Mars. The movie makes a slow tour around highlights of the image. The full-circle panorama in approximately true color shows the polygonal patterning of ground at the landing area, similar to patterns in permafrost areas on Earth. The center of the image is the westward part of the scene. Trenches where Phoenix's robotic arm has been exposing subsurface material are visible in the right half of the image. The spacecraft's meteorology mast, topped by the telltale wind gauge, extends into the sky portion of the panorama. This view comprises more than 100 different camera pointings, with images taken through three different filters at each pointing. It is presented here as a cylindrical projection. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.
Volunteers in Circles of Support and Accountability Job Demands, Job Resources, and Outcome.
Höing, Mechtild; Bogaerts, Stefan; Vogelvang, Bas
2015-10-21
In Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), volunteers support a medium- to high-risk sex offender in his process toward desistance by developing a long-term empathic relationship. More knowledge is needed about the impact of this work on volunteers themselves. In a sample of 40 Dutch CoSA volunteers-at the time constituting 37% of the national population of 108 then active CoSA volunteers-we measured outcome in terms of volunteer satisfaction, determination to continue, compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary stress, vicarious growth, civic capacities, and professional skills. We explored theoretically derived predictors of positive and negative outcome, and conceptualized them within the Job Demands-Resources model (JD-R). Volunteers reported mainly positive effects, especially high levels of volunteer satisfaction, compassion satisfaction, and determination to continue. Results indicated that job demands and most of the internal job resources were of minor importance. External job resources, especially social support and connectedness, were associated with positive outcome. Connectedness mediated the effect of social support on compassion satisfaction.
BIBLICAL THEMES AND IMAGES IN ALEXANDER SOLZHENITSYN'S NOVEL "THE FIRST CIRCLE" (V KRUGE PERVOM
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Svetlana Alexeyevna Martyanova
2013-11-01
Full Text Available The author identifies, describes and interprets the biblical allusions in Alexander Solzhenitsyn's novel The First Circle (V Kruge Pervom. It is assumed that many of the biblical characters and stories, mentioned (Moses, Jesus Christ, Holy Mary, Mother of God, or Judas or implied in the novel, are prototypical to its heroes and storylines. Biblical allusions form the overarching storyline (metaplot, and create the religious and philosophical perspective of understanding the value orientations and behavior of the characters. The article reveals the significance of the biblical context for understanding the moral and philosophical search of its heroes, their reflections on happiness, well-being, soul, conscience, friendship, creativity, truth, genuineness and authenticity of marxism as "leading-edge thinking". Special attention is given to the subject of Christmas: the article explains what it means for the formation of artistic time or images of individual characters (Volodin and Rubin, and draws a parallel betweem Stalin and Herod. It is emphasized that Solzhenitsyn as a writer did not copy reality, but portrayed it in light of the Bible and the Gospel ideal, creating the original concept of man's destiny in a totalitarian society and reintroducing to readers religious valueswhich were excluded from a human being by Soviet ideology.
Anomaly cancelation in field theory and F-theory on a circle
Grimm, Thomas W.; Kapfer, Andreas
2016-05-01
We study the manifestation of local gauge anomalies of four- and six-dimensional field theories in the lower-dimensional Kaluza-Klein theory obtained after circle compactification. We identify a convenient set of transformations acting on the whole tower of massless and massive states and investigate their action on the low-energy effective theories in the Coulomb branch. The maps employ higher-dimensional large gauge transformations and precisely yield the anomaly cancelation conditions when acting on the one-loop induced Chern-Simons terms in the three- and five-dimensional effective theory. The arising symmetries are argued to play a key role in the study of the M-theory to F-theory limit on Calabi-Yau manifolds. For example, using the fact that all fully resolved F-theory geometries inducing multiple Abelian gauge groups or non-Abelian groups admit a certain set of symmetries, we are able to generally show the cancelation of pure Abelian or pure non-Abelian anomalies in these models.
Full-Circle Color Panorama of Phoenix Lander Deck and Landing Site on Northern Mars, Animation
2008-01-01
[figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on image to view the animation This view combines more than 500 images taken after NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander arrived on an arctic plain at 68.22 degrees north latitude, 234.25 degrees east longitude on Mars. This movie makes a slow tour around highlights of the image including the landscape and the spacecraft's science deck. The full-circle panorama in approximately true color shows the polygonal patterning of ground at the landing area, similar to patterns in permafrost areas on Earth. The center of the image is the westward part of the scene. Trenches where Phoenix's robotic arm has been exposing subsurface material are visible in the right half of the image. The spacecraft's meteorology mast, topped by the telltale wind gauge, extends into the sky portion of the panorama. This view comprises more than 100 different Stereo Surface Imager camera pointings, with images taken through three different filters at each pointing. It is presented here as a cylindrical projection. The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver and metabolic syndrome in children: a vicious circle.
Alterio, Arianna; Alisi, Anna; Liccardo, Daniela; Nobili, Valerio
2014-01-01
During the last decade, paediatricians have observed a dramatic increase of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in children. Furthermore, several lines of evidence have reported that a large part of children with NAFLD presents one or more traits of MS making plausible that, in the coming years, these subjects may present a rapid course of disease towards more severe cirrhosis and cardiovascular disease. Genetic susceptibility and the pressure of intrauterine environment and lifestyle are all crucial to activate molecular machinery that leads to development of NAFLD and MS in childhood. In this scenario, central obesity and consequent adipose tissue inflammation are critical to promote both MS-associated metabolic dysfunctions and NAFLD-related hepatic damage. An excessive dietary intake may in fact cause a specific lipid partitioning and induce metabolic stressors, which in turn promote insulin resistance and the release of several circulating factors. These molecules, on the one hand, trigger steatosis and the inflammatory response that characterize liver damage in NAFLD, and on the other hand contribute to the onset of other features of MS. This review provides an overview of current genetic, pathogenetic and clinical evidence of the vicious circle created by NAFLD and MS in children.
Evaluating How Circle of Willis Topology Affects Embolus Distribution in the Brain
Jani, Neel; Mukherjee, Debanjan; Shadden, Shawn
2016-11-01
Embolic stroke occurs when fragmented cellular or acellular material (emboli) travels to the brain to occlude an artery. Understanding the transport of emboli across unsteady, pulsatile flow in complex arterial geometries is challenging and influenced by a range of factors, including patient anatomy. The work herein develops the modeling and mechanistic understanding of how embolus transport is affected by the arterial connections at the base of the brain known as the Circle of Willis (CoW). A majority of the human population has an incomplete CoW anatomy, with connections either missing or ill-developed. We employ numerical simulations combining image-based modeling, computational fluid dynamics, discrete particle dynamics, and a sampling based analysis to compare collateral flow through the most prevalent CoW topologies, to determine embolus distribution fractions among vessels in the CoW, and to investigate the role of inertial effects in causing differences in flow and embolus distribution. The computational framework developed enables characterization of the complex interplay of anatomy, hemodynamics, and embolus properties in the context of embolic stroke as well as statistical analysis of embolism risks across common CoW variations.
Li, Chunxiang; Qiu, Xiyang; Hou, Zhaohui; Deng, Keqin
2015-02-15
Highly sensitive detection of transcription factors (TF) is essential to proteome and genomics research as well as clinical diagnosis. We describe herein a novel fluorescent-amplified strategy for ultrasensitive, quantitative, and inexpensive detection of TF. The strategy consists of a hairpin DNA probe containing a TF binding sequence for target TF, a dumbbell-shaped probe, a primer DNA probe designed partly complementary to hairpin DNA probe, and a dumbbell probe. In the presence of target TF, the binding of the TF with hairpin DNA probe will prohibit the hybridization of the primer DNA probe with the "stem" and "loop" region of the hairpin DNA probe, then the unhybridized region of the primer DNA will hybridize with dumbbell probe, subsequently promote the ligation reaction and the rolling circle amplification (RCA), finally, the RCA products are quantified via the fluorescent intensity of SYBR Green I (SG). Using TATA-binding protein (TBP) as a model transcription factor, the proposed assay system can specifically detect TBP with a detection limit as low as 40.7 fM, and with a linear range from 100 fM to 1 nM. Moreover, this assay related DNA probe does not involve any modification and the whole assay proceeds in one tube, which makes the assay simple and low cost. It is expected to become a powerful tool for bioanalysis and clinic diagnostic application.
Joint processing and analysis of seismic gravity measurements in Capital Circle area
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIA Min-yu; MA Li; LIU Shao-ming; ZHANG Jing; SUN Shao-an; WANG Wu-xing
2006-01-01
In Capital Circle area, there are three groups of repeated gravity measurements observed by different institutes using different instruments or methods. The simultaneous adjustment of absolute and relative measurements and the elimination of systematic error among the relative measurements have been carried out in this paper. Thus an unified temporal gravity change system with absolute reference has been established. On the basis of this, the crustal subsidence effect on gravity, which belongs to non-tectonic factor, is analyzed and the station displacement corrections are carried out, so that the long-wave disturbance is eliminated. So far our following aims are realized:the advantages of the absolute and relative measurement methods are complementary to each other; the contradiction and environment disturbance are eliminated; the amounts of information are enlarged; the sampling interval of time domain is compressed. In a word, the ability of identifying the tectonic activity process is enhanced. The results show that: there are systematic errors between the two groups of relative measurements and within the data of 10 campaigns; the uneven local crustal subsidence in the southeast of the study area results in a linear rise of gravity value at 10 stations; they can be corrected by the regression analysis. The maps of revised temporal gravity change can obviously and integrally reflect the Ms=5.0 earthquake in Guye on October 6, 1995.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhi-Juan Cao; Qian-Wen Peng; Xue Qiu; Cai-Yun Liu; Jian-Zhong Lu
2011-01-01
A robust, selective and highly sensitive chemiluminescent （CL） platform for protein assay was presented in this paper. This novel CL approach utilized rolling circle amplification （RCA） as a signal enhancement technique and the 96-well plate as the immobilization and separation carrier. Typically, the antibody immobilized on the surface of 96-well plate was sandwiched with the protein target and the aptamer-primer sequence. This aptamer-primer sequence was then employed as the primer of RCA. Based on this design, a number of the biotinylated probes and streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase （SA-HRP） were captured on the plate, and the CL signal was amplified. In summary, our results demonstrated a robust biosensor with a detection limit of 10 fM that is easy to be established and utilized, and devoid of light source. Therefore, this new technique .will broaden the perspective for future development of DNA-based biosensors for the detection of other protein biomarkers related to clinical diseases, by taking advantages of high sensitivity and selectivity.
Variation in the pattern of circle of willis in human brain - A morphological study and review
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Iman Sinha
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Background: Variation of “Circulus Arteriosus” is frequent. Knowledge of the variations of vascular anatomy of Circle of Willis will guide the neurosurgeons during intracranial surgery. Objectives: This is an analytical study, where the aim of our study is to analyze the variations regarding shape, symmetry, length and diameters of the component arteries. The study also includes other variations like absence, duplication and abnormal origin of component arteries. Methods: In the present study 80 specimens of human brains of both sexes, aged between 20-60 years are obtained from voluntary body donation at the Department of Anatomy and fresh corpses undergoing autopsy at the Department of Forensic and State Medicine in a teaching hospital in Kolkata. Careful observation & measurement of the component arteries are done after proper preservation and necessary dissection. The findings are then recorded and analyzed. Results: 62 out of total 80 specimens (77.5% have been found to be complete, symmetrical and having normal length and caliber. 7 specimens (6.25% were incomplete and not heptagonal in shape. Conclusion: Out of 22.5% variations most of the variations are seen in posterior communicating artery (10%, followed by anterior cerebral artery (6.25% and anterior communicating artery (6.25%. Most common type of variation is hypoplasia.
Anomaly Cancelation in Field Theory and F-theory on a Circle
Grimm, Thomas W
2015-01-01
We study the manifestation of local gauge anomalies of four- and six-dimensional field theories in the lower-dimensional Kaluza-Klein theory obtained after circle compactification. We identify a convenient set of transformations acting on the whole tower of massless and massive states and investigate their action on the low-energy effective theories in the Coulomb branch. The maps employ higher-dimensional large gauge transformations and precisely yield the anomaly cancelation conditions when acting on the one-loop induced Chern-Simons terms in the three- and five-dimensional effective theory. The arising symmetries are argued to play a key role in the study of the M-theory to F-theory limit on Calabi-Yau manifolds. For example, using the fact that all fully resolved F-theory geometries inducing multiple Abelian gauge groups or non-Abelian groups admit a certain set of symmetries, we are able to generally show the cancelation of pure Abelian or pure non-Abelian anomalies in these models.
Deng, Ruijie; Tang, Longhua; Tian, Qianqian; Wang, Ying; Lin, Lei; Li, Jinghong
2014-02-24
The ability to quantitate and visualize microRNAs (miRNAs) in situ in single cells would greatly facilitate the elucidation of miRNA-mediated regulatory circuits and their disease associations. A toehold-initiated strand-displacement process was used to initiate rolling circle amplification of specific miRNAs, an approach that achieves both stringent recognition and in situ amplification of the target miRNA. This assay, termed toehold-initiated rolling circle amplification (TIRCA), can be utilized to identify miRNAs at physiological temperature with high specificity and to visualize individual miRNAs in situ in single cells within 3 h. TIRCA is a competitive candidate technique for in situ miRNA imaging and may help us to understand the role of miRNAs in cellular processes and human diseases in more detail.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Angstmann, Steffen; Madsen, Kathrine Skak; Skimminge, Arnold
2016-01-01
Most humans show a strong preference to use their right hand, but strong preference for the right hand does not necessarily imply a strong right-left asymmetry in manual proficiency (i.e., dexterity). Here we tested the hypothesis that intra-individual asymmetry of manual proficiency would...... of circle drawing movements was assessed for each hand using a digitizing tablet. Although all participants were right-handed, there was substantial inter-individual variation regarding the relative right-hand advantage for fluent circle drawing. All subjects underwent whole-brain diffusion tensor imaging...... at 3 Tesla. The right and left CST were defined as regions-of-interest and mean fractional anisotropy (FA) and diffusivity values were calculated for right and left CST. On average, mean FA values were higher in the left CST relative to right CST. The degree of right-left FA asymmetry showed a linear...
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Anastasie M. Maponda
2016-07-01
Full Text Available We can understand that the Circle must work on two dimensions to provide a future for new woman theology in Africa. The first dimension is based on the intuitive fundamental and innovative sense of a woman from Ghana, Mercy Amba Oduyoye, that leads to the creation of the Circle: she impulsed the idea that women should make their own theology from their dailylife experiences and their subjectivity as women, in order to think on faith and Gospel in a different way. It is necessary to question that intuitive sense. The second dimension aims to revisit the great personalities of African woman theologians of the Circle. What are the essential points of their research? How has the research changed African theology? I particularly think of Musimbi Kanyoro, Nyambura Njoroge and Musa Dub� in the Africa English zone and Helene Yinda, Liz Vuadi, Kasa Dovi and Bernadette Mbuyi Beya in Africa French zone. The essence of their thinking is still actual and that is why they are good enough to project in to the future.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article presents the history of the Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians from creation to now. Issues related to traditional culture, gender and sexual-based violence, gender-based injustice, and HIV and AIDS are discussed under different approaches such as the biblical approach, hermeneutical approach, ethical approach, historical approach and practical approach. The impact of African Women Theologians speaking French will be particularly highlighted.Keywords: theology; women theologians; women empowerment; HIV/AIDS; gender
The Picture of Life in the Polish Prose by Lazarus Baranovych and the Writers of His Circle
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Liampreht Olena
2016-12-01
Full Text Available The article deals with a number of motifs and images, typical for baroque literature, which are related to the concept of ideological notions of temporal human life. Particular attention in this connection is drawn to the Polish-polemical works by Lazarus Baranovych and his circle of writers. The characteristics of artistic depiction of the theme of life are clarified and the specific of processing the ideas of futility of human life by Chernihiv writers group are identified.
Hnizdo, V.
1988-06-01
Refutation is given of a recent claim that both the Lorentz-Dirac radiation reaction force and Lienard-Wiechert retarded potentials satisfy energy conservation only to a low order of approximation in a system of two charges which move uniformly along a circle. When correctly calculated, the power radiated by such a system equals exactly the rate at which work is done on the system by external forces.
1982-08-01
Quality Circles-A Team Approach to Problem Solving. New York: American Management Association, 1981. Herzberg , Frederick . Work and the Nature of Man. New...discouragement or com- 46 pensatory or neurotic trends. Frederick Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory is another basic of the human relations process...his need as a human to grow psychologi- cally, Herzberg concluded that certain characteristics tend to be related to job satisfaction and others to
Larcombe, Wendy; McCosker, Anthony; O'Loughlin, Kieran
2007-01-01
This paper critically evaluates the pilot of a Thesis Writers' Circles program offered to Education PhD and DEd students at the University of Melbourne in semester 2, 2005. The analysis focuses on the needs of those students that were felt to be well-met by this model of support. Broadly, the paper identifies two distinct but inter-related themes:…
Abbas Monfared; Mohammad Amin Mozaheb; Mostafa Shahiditabar
2016-01-01
Drawing on the literature on culture and intercultural communication, current discussions surrounding English as an international language (EIL), and cultural appropriation of ELT books in local communities, this article reports the findings of a qualitative and qualitative research study with English language teachers from Inner (40 American, 36 British), Outer (44 Indian, 40 Malaysian), and Expanding (44 Iranian and 40 Turkish) circles based on Kachru’s model (1992) to explore their attitud...
An Improved Path-Generating Regulator for Two-Wheeled Robots to Track the Circle/Arc Passage
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Jun Dai
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The improved path-generating regulator (PGR is proposed to path track the circle/arc passage for two-wheeled robots. The PGR, which is a control method for robots so as to orient its heading toward the tangential direction of one of the curves belonging to the family of path functions, is applied to navigation problem originally. Driving environments for robots are usually roads, streets, paths, passages, and ridges. These tracks can be seen as they consist of straight lines and arcs. In the case of small interval, arc can be regarded as straight line approximately; therefore we extended the PGR to drive the robot move along circle/arc passage based on the theory that PGR to track the straight passage. In addition, the adjustable look-ahead method is proposed to improve the robot trajectory convergence property to the target circle/arc. The effectiveness is proved through MATLAB simulations on both the comparisons with the PGR and the improved PGR with adjustable look-ahead method. The results of numerical simulations show that the adjustable look-ahead method has better convergence property and stronger capacity of resisting disturbance.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Toscano Sharyl E
2007-09-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper describes the nature and characteristics of the dating relationships of adolescent females, including any of their experiences of abuse. Methods A grounded theory approach was used with 22 theoretically sampled female adolescents ages 15–18. Results Several important themes emerged: Seven stages of dating consistently described the relationships of female adolescents. A circle consisting of two interacting same sex peer groups provided structure for each teen as they navigated the dating course. The circle was the central factor affecting a female adolescent's potential for risk or harm in dating relationships. Teens defined abuse as an act where the intention is to hurt. Having once succumbed to sexual pressure, teens felt unable to refuse sex in subsequent situations. Conclusion An awareness of both the stages of dating and the dynamics of the circle will assist health care providers to plan and implement interventions in the female adolescent population. Study findings on factors and influences that support non-abusive versus abusive relationship might help identify female teens at risk and/or support interventions aimed at preventing dating violence.
Watch out for the blue circle: a breakthrough in family planning promotional strategy.
Sumarsono
1989-07-01
Realizing the potential of commercial marketing in changing the attitude and behavior of the target audience in the early years of the 4th 5-year development plan, the National Family Planning Program tried to develop new ventures in communicating the concept of the small family norm to the people. The condom was chosen as the 1st product to be sold through the social marketing project because male awareness about family planning was still low. Based on audience research, the pricing, packaging, and branding of the product was developed. The most accepted brand name was Dua Lima because it has a neutral meaning, is easily remembered, and can be described in sign language. The last reason is very important because most consumers have difficulty communicating about condoms in the sales outlet. Social marketing has proved effective because of strong public relations activities and the involvement of formal and informal leaders. This experiment has convinced family planning management that social marketing is workable for promoting the small family norm. In 1987, under the new program of self-sufficiency in family planning, the private sector is invited to participate by providing family planning services for target audiences, using the principles of self-sufficiency and self-support. There are 2 principal activities; 1) the IEC campaign, and 2) product (contraceptive) selling. IEC activities include a media campaign public relations work. Product selling is done through commercial channels such as pharmaceutical firms, drug stores, private doctors, and midwives. It was decided that the campaign would be aided by a name and logo. The blue circle was chosen because it is unique, communicative, and simple. The social marketing of contraceptives in Indonesia can be considered a breakthrough in communication strategy for a national development program.
Rodrigues, Anderson M.; Najafzadeh, Mohammad J.; de Hoog, G. Sybren; de Camargo, Zoilo P.
2015-01-01
Sporothrix infections are emerging as an important human and animal threat among otherwise healthy patients, especially in Brazil and China. Correct identification of sporotrichosis agents is beneficial for epidemiological surveillance, enabling implementation of adequate public-health policies and guiding antifungal therapy. In areas of limited resources where sporotrichosis is endemic, high-throughput detection methods that are specific and sensitive are preferred over phenotypic methods that usually result in misidentification of closely related Sporothrix species. We sought to establish rolling circle amplification (RCA) as a low-cost screening tool for species-specific identification of human-pathogenic Sporothrix. We developed six species-specific padlock probes targeting polymorphisms in the gene encoding calmodulin. BLAST-searches revealed candidate probes that were conserved intraspecifically; no significant homology with sequences from humans, mice, plants or microorganisms outside members of Sporothrix were found. The accuracy of our RCA-based assay was demonstrated through the specificity of probe-template binding to 25 S. brasiliensis, 58 S. schenckii, 5 S. globosa, 1 S. luriei, 4 S. mexicana, and 3 S. pallida samples. No cross reactivity between closely related species was evident in vitro, and padlock probes yielded 100% specificity and sensitivity down to 3 × 106 copies of the target sequence. RCA-based speciation matched identifications via phylogenetic analysis of the gene encoding calmodulin and the rDNA operon (kappa 1.0; 95% confidence interval 1.0-1.0), supporting its use as a reliable alternative to DNA sequencing. This method is a powerful tool for rapid identification and specific detection of medically relevant Sporothrix, and due to its robustness has potential for ecological studies. PMID:26696992
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anderson Messias Rodrigues
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Sporothrix infections are emerging as an important human and animal threat among otherwise healthy patients, especially in Brazil and China. Correct identification of sporotrichosis agents is beneficial for epidemiological surveillance, enabling implementation of adequate public-health policies and guiding antifungal therapy. In areas of limited resources where sporotrichosis is endemic, high-throughput detection methods that are specific and sensitive are preferred over phenotypic methods that usually result in misidentification of closely related Sporothrix species. We sought to establish rolling circle amplification (RCA as a low-cost screening tool for species-specific identification of human-pathogenic Sporothrix. We developed six species-specific padlock probes targeting polymorphisms in the gene encoding calmodulin. BLAST-searches revealed candidate probes that were conserved intraspecifically; no significant homology with sequences from humans, mice, plants or microorganisms outside members of Sporothrix were found. The accuracy of our RCA-based assay was demonstrated through the specificity of probe-template binding to 25 S. brasiliensis, 58 S. schenckii, 5 S. globosa, 1 S. luriei, 4 S. mexicana, and 3 S. pallida samples. No cross reactivity between closely related species was evident in vitro, and padlock probes yielded 100% specificity and sensitivity down to 3 x 10 6 copies of the target sequence. RCA-based speciation matched identifications via phylogenetic analysis of the gene encoding calmodulin and the rDNA operon (kappa 1.0; 95% confidence interval 1.0-1.0, supporting its use as a reliable alternative to DNA sequencing. This method is a powerful tool for rapid identification and specific detection of medically relevant Sporothrix, and due to its robustness has potential for ecological studies.
Diurnal and annual variations of meteor rates at the arctic circle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
W. Singer
2004-01-01
Full Text Available Meteors are an important source for (a the metal atoms of the upper atmosphere metal layers and (b for condensation nuclei, the existence of which are a prerequisite for the formation of noctilucent cloud particles in the polar mesopause region. For a better understanding of these phenomena, it would be helpful to know accurately the annual and diurnal variations of meteor rates. So far, these rates have been little studied at polar latitudes. Therefore we have used the 33 MHz meteor radar of the ALOMAR observatory at 69° N to measure the meteor rates at this location for two full annual cycles. This site, being within 3° of the Arctic circle, offers in addition an interesting capability: The axis of its antenna field points (almost towards the North ecliptic pole once each day of the year. In this particular viewing direction, the radar monitors the meteoroid influx from (almost the entire ecliptic Northern hemisphere. We report on the observed diurnal variations (averaged over one month of meteor rates and their significant alterations throughout the year. The ratio of maximum over minimum meteor rates throughout one diurnal cycle is in January and February about 5, from April through December 2.3±0.3. If compared with similar measurements at mid-latitudes, our expectation, that the amplitude of the diurnal variation is to decrease towards the North pole, is not really borne out. Observations with the antenna axis pointing towards the North ecliptic pole showed that the rate of deposition of meteoric dust is substantially larger during the Arctic NLC season than the annual mean deposition rate. The daylight meteor showers of the Arietids, Zeta Perseids, and Beta Taurids supposedly contribute considerably to the June maximum of meteor rates. We note, though, that with the radar antenna pointing as described above, all three meteor radiants are close to the local horizon but all three radiants were detected.
Chapter 9: Oil and gas resource potential north of the Arctic Circle
Gautier, D.L.; Bird, K.J.; Charpentier, R.R.; Grantz, A.; Houseknecht, D.W.; Klett, T.R.; Moore, T.E.; Pitman, J.K.; Schenk, C.J.; Schuenemeyer, J.H.; Sorensen, K.; Tennyson, M.E.; Valin, Z.C.; Wandrey, C.J.
2011-01-01
The US Geological Survey recently assessed the potential for undiscovered conventional petroleumin the Arctic. Using a new map compilation of sedimentary elements, the area north of the Arctic Circle was subdivided into 70 assessment units, 48 of which were quantitatively assessed. The Circum-Arctic Resource Appraisal (CARA) was a geologically based, probabilistic study that relied mainly on burial history analysis and analogue modelling to estimate sizes and numbers of undiscovered oil and gas accumulations. The results of the CARA suggest the Arctic is gas-prone with an estimated 770-2990 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered conventional natural gas, most of which is in Russian territory. On an energy-equivalent basis, the quantity of natural gas ismore than three times the quantity of oil and the largest undiscovered gas eld is expected to be about 10 times the size of the largest undiscovered oil eld. In addition to gas, the gas accumulationsmay contain an estimated 39 billion barrels of liquids. The South Kara Sea is themost prospective gas assessment unit, but giant gas elds containingmore than 6 trillion cubic feet of recoverable gas are possible at a 50%chance in 10 assessment units. Sixty per cent of the estimated undiscovered oil resource is in just six assessment units, of which the Alaska Platform, with 31%of the resource, is the most prospective. Overall, the Arctic is estimated to contain between 44 and 157 billion barrels of recoverable oil. Billion barrel oil elds are possible at a 50%chance in seven assessment units.Undiscovered oil resources could be signicant to the Arctic nations, but are probably not sufcient to shift the world oil balance away from the Middle East. ?? 2011 The Geological Society of London.
The Circle Of Security Parenting and parental conﬂict: a single case study
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Chiara ePazzagli
2014-08-01
Full Text Available The Circle of Security Parenting (COS-P is an early attachment based intervention that can be used with groups, dyads, and individuals. Created in the USA and now used in many countries, COS-P is a visually based approach that demonstrates its central principles through videos of parent/child interactions. The core purpose of the COS-P is to provide an opportunity for caregivers to reflect on their child’s needs and on the challenges each parent faces in meeting those needs. Even though there is a wide range of clinical settings in which child/parent attachment is an important component of assessment there is limited empirical data on when and how attachment based interventions are appropriate for specific clinical profiles and contexts. The aim of this paper is to present a clinical application of COS-P in order to explore and reflect on some specific therapeutic tasks where it works and on some clinical indicators and contexts appropriate for its application. A single case study of a father, M. (43 yrs. old in conflict for the custody of his 5yrs old daughter is reported. The Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP, the Parenting Stress Index, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and the Parental Alliance Measure, were administered pre- and post-intervention. The clinical signiﬁcance analysis method revealed that numerous changes occurred in the father. The AAP showed improvements in the level of agency of self. M. made gains in his capacity to use internal resources and to increase his agency of self. M. was classified as recovered in his perception of the child’s functioning and as improved in his parenting stress and parenting alliance with the mother. Considerations on specific contexts and clinical indicators for the application of COS-P are proposed.
The circle of security parenting and parental conflict: a single case study.
Pazzagli, Chiara; Laghezza, Loredana; Manaresi, Francesca; Mazzeschi, Claudia; Powell, Bert
2014-01-01
The Circle of Security Parenting (COS-P) is an early attachment based intervention that can be used with groups, dyads, and individuals. Created in the USA and now used in many countries, COS-P is a visually based approach that demonstrates its central principles through videos of parent/child interactions. The core purpose of the COS-P is to provide an opportunity for caregivers to reflect on their child's needs and on the challenges each parent faces in meeting those needs. Even though there is a wide range of clinical settings in which child/parent attachment is an important component of assessment there is limited empirical data on when and how attachment based interventions are appropriate for specific clinical profiles and contexts. The aim of this paper is to present a clinical application of COS-P in order to explore and reflect on some specific therapeutic tasks where it works and on some clinical indicators and contexts appropriate for its application. A single case study of a father, "M." (43 years old) in conflict for the custody of his 5 years old daughter is reported. The Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP), the Parenting Stress Index, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and the Parental Alliance Measure, were administered pre- and post-intervention. The clinical significance analysis method revealed that numerous changes occurred in the father. The AAP showed improvements in the level of agency of self. M. made gains in his capacity to use internal resources and to increase his agency of self. M. was classified as recovered in his perception of the child's functioning and as improved in his parenting stress and parenting alliance with the mother. Considerations on specific contexts and clinical indicators for the application of COS-P are proposed.
A circle-monitor for computerised assessment of visual neglect in peripersonal space.
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Lena Ulm
Full Text Available Current assessment of visual neglect involves paper-and-pencil tests or computer-based tasks. Both have been criticised because of their lack of ecological validity as target stimuli can only be presented in a restricted visual range. This study examined the user-friendliness and diagnostic strength of a new "Circle-Monitor" (CM, which enlarges the range of the peripersonal space, in comparison to a standard paper-and-pencil test (Neglect-Test, NET.Ten stroke patients with neglect and ten age-matched healthy controls were examined by the NET and the CM test comprising of four subtests (Star Cancellation, Line Bisection, Dice Task, and Puzzle Test.The acceptance of the CM in elderly controls and neglect patients was high. Participants rated the examination by CM as clear, safe and more enjoyable than NET. Healthy controls performed at ceiling on all subtests, without any systematic differences between the visual fields. Both NET and CM revealed significant differences between controls and patients in Line Bisection, Star Cancellation and visuo-constructive tasks (NET: Figure Copying, CM: Puzzle Test. Discriminant analyses revealed cross-validated assignment of patients and controls to groups was more precise when based on the CM (hit rate 90% as compared to the NET (hit rate 70%.The CM proved to be a sensitive novel tool to diagnose visual neglect symptoms quickly and accurately with superior diagnostic validity compared to a standard neglect test while being well accepted by patients. Due to its upgradable functions the system may also be a valuable tool not only to test for non-visual neglect symptoms, but also to provide treatment and assess its outcome.
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Stougaard Magnus
2007-11-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background In situ detection of short sequence elements in genomic DNA requires short probes with high molecular resolution and powerful specific signal amplification. Padlock probes can differentiate single base variations. Ligated padlock probes can be amplified in situ by rolling circle DNA synthesis and detected by fluorescence microscopy, thus enhancing PRINS type reactions, where localized DNA synthesis reports on the position of hybridization targets, to potentially reveal the binding of single oligonucleotide-size probe molecules. Such a system has been presented for the detection of mitochondrial DNA in fixed cells, whereas attempts to apply rolling circle detection to metaphase chromosomes have previously failed, according to the literature. Methods Synchronized cultured cells were fixed with methanol/acetic acid to prepare chromosome spreads in teflon-coated diagnostic well-slides. Apart from the slide format and the chromosome spreading everything was done essentially according to standard protocols. Hybridization targets were detected in situ with padlock probes, which were ligated and amplified using target primed rolling circle DNA synthesis, and detected by fluorescence labeling. Results An optimized protocol for the spreading of condensed metaphase chromosomes in teflon-coated diagnostic well-slides was developed. Applying this protocol we generated specimens for target primed rolling circle DNA synthesis of padlock probes recognizing a 40 nucleotide sequence in the male specific repetitive satellite I sequence (DYZ1 on the Y-chromosome and a 32 nucleotide sequence in the repetitive kringle IV domain in the apolipoprotein(a gene positioned on the long arm of chromosome 6. These targets were detected with good efficiency, but the efficiency on other target sites was unsatisfactory. Conclusion Our aim was to test the applicability of the method used on mitochondrial DNA to the analysis of nuclear genomes, in particular as
Better, M; Freifelder, D
1983-04-15
Escherichia coli phage lambda DNA has been isolated from infected bacteria using a new technique by which virtually all phage DNA is recovered. Isolated DNA is examined by electron microscopy. Addition of phi X174 RF1 molecules as a counting standard enables us to determine the average number of lambda DNA molecules present in an infected cell. In this study, we have followed the kinetics of lambda DNA replication and examined rolling circle replication. The most important findings are the following: (1) Rolling circle replication is initiated at roughly the same time as is theta replication, indicating that the rolling circle is not solely a late-replicating form. (2) theta replication stops at about 16 min after infection. (3) Early in infection the number of DNA molecules per cell doubles every 2-3 min until theta replication stops, at which point most DNA synthesis consists of growth of the tails of about three rolling circles per cell. (4) Neither the timing of rolling circle replication nor the number of molecules is affected by the activity of the lambda red genes. (5). The red genes are responsible for the production of oligomeric circles late in infection.
Diurnal and annual variations of meteor rates at the Arctic circle
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W. Singer
2004-01-01
Full Text Available Meteors are an important source for (a the metal atoms of the upper atmosphere metal layers and (b for condensation nuclei, the existence of which are a prerequisite for the formation of noctilucent cloud particles in the polar mesopause region. For a better understanding of these phenomena, it would be helpful to know accurately the annual and diurnal variations of meteor rates. So far, these rates have been little studied at polar latitudes. Therefore we have used the 33 MHz meteor radar of the ALOMAR observatory at 69° N to measure the meteor rates at this location for two full annual cycles. This site, being within 3° of the Arctic circle, offers in addition an interesting capability: The axis of its antenna field points (almost towards the North ecliptic pole once each day of the year. In this particular viewing direction, the radar monitors the meteoroid influx from (almost the entire ecliptic Northern hemisphere.
We report on the observed diurnal variations (averaged over one month of meteor rates and their significant alterations throughout the year. The ratio of maximum over minimum meteor rates throughout one diurnal cycle is in January and February about 5, from April through December 2.3±0.3. If compared with similar measurements at mid-latitudes, our expectation, that the amplitude of the diurnal variation is to decrease towards the North pole, is not really borne out.
Observations with the antenna axis pointing towards the North ecliptic pole showed that the rate of deposition of meteoric dust is substantially larger during the Arctic NLC season than the annual mean deposition rate. The daylight meteor showers of the Arietids, Zeta Perseids, and Beta Taurids supposedly contribute considerably to the June maximum of meteor rates. We note, though, that with the radar antenna pointing as described above, all three meteor radiants are close to the local horizon. This radiant location should cause most of these
WEIGHTED LEAST SQUARE CONVERGENCE OF LAGRANGE INTERPOLATION ON THE UNIT CIRCLE
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xie Siqing
2001-01-01
In the paper, a result of Walsh and Sharma on least squareconvergence of Lagrange interpolation polynomials based on the n-th roots of unity is extended to Lagrange interpolation on the sets obtained by pro-jecting vertically the zeros of (1-x)2P.β (x),α＞0,β＞0, (1-x)p β (x),α＞0,β＞-1, (1+x)p ,(x) ,α＞-1 ,β＞0, and P (x ) ,α＞ - 1 ,β＞ - 1, respectively, onto the unit circle, where p ( ,β) (x ) ,α＞ - 1 , β＞ - 1, stands for the n-th Jacobi polynomial. Moreover, a result of Saff and Walsh is also extended.CLC Number：O17 Document ID：AFoundation Item：Project supported by NSFC under grant 10071039, and by Education Committee of Jiangsu Province under grant 00KJB110005.References：[1]Walsh,J.L. and Sharma,A.,Least Square Approximation and Interpolation in Roots of Unity,Pacific J. Math. ,14(1964),727-730.[2]Erdos,P. and Turán,P. ,On Interpolation I ,Ann. Math. ,38(1937),142-155.[3]Lozinsi,S.M.,Uber Interpolation (in Russian),Math. Sbornik (N.S.),8(1940),57-68.[4]Saff,E.B. and Walsh,J.L. ,On the Convergence of Rational Functions which Interpolate in the Roots of Unity,Pacific J. Math. 45(1973),639-641.[5]Sharma,A. and Vertesi,P. ,Mean Convergence and Interpolation in Roots of Unity,SIAM J.Math. Anal. ,14(1983),800-806.[6]Natason,I.P. ,Constructive Theory of Functions,Gostekhizdat,Moscow,1949.[7]Szego,G. ,Orthogoral Polynomials,Math. Soc. Colloq. Publ. ,Vol.[2]3 4th ed. Math. Soc. ,Providence,RI. ,1975.Manuscript Received：1999年9月13日Manuscript Revised：2001年5月8日Published：2001年9月1日
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Yang Liu
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Global tuberculosis (TB control is encumbered by the lack of a rapid and simple detection method for diagnosis, especially in low-resource areas. An isothermal amplification method, hyperbranched rolling circle amplification (HRCA, was optimized to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb in clinical sputum specimens. METHODS: A clinical validation study was performed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of HRCA. In order to analyze the detection limit of HRCA under optimal conditions, the method was initially used to detect purified H37Rv strain DNA and culture suspensions. Next, three strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC and eight strains of non-tuberculosis mycobacterium (NTM were analyzed in order to evaluate specificity. Sputum specimens from 136 patients with diagnosed pulmonary TB, 38 lung cancer patients, and 34 healthy donors were tested by HRCA to validate the clinical application of HRCA for the rapid detection of Mtb. RESULTS: The detection limit of HRCA for purified H37Rv DNA and culture suspensions was 740 aM and 200cfu/ml, respectively. The results of all MTC strains were positive in contrast to the NTM specimens which were all negative. The detection sensitivity for the 136 sputum specimens from TB patients was 77.2% (105/136, which was slightly lower than that of quantitative real-time PCR(79.4%, 108/136 and culture (80.9%,110/136. The sensitivity of all three methods was statistically higher than smear microscopy (44.9%, 61/136. The overall specificity of HRCA was 98.6% (71/72 which was similar to that of quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR and smear/culture methods (100%, 72/72. CONCLUSIONS: Use of the HRCA assay for detection of Mtb within clinical sputum specimens was demonstrated to be highly sensitive and specific. Moreover, the performance of HRCA is simple and cost-effective compared with qRT-PCR and is less time consuming than culture. Therefore, HRCA is a promising TB diagnostic tool that can be
Dennerlein, Frank; Katsevich, Alexander; Lauritsch, Guenter; Hornegger, Joachim
2005-04-01
X-ray 3D rotational angiography based on C-arm systems has become a versatile and established tomographic imaging modality for high contrast objects in interventional environment. Improvements in data acquisition, e.g. by use of flat panel detectors, will enable C-arm systems to resolve even low-contrast details. However, further progress will be limited by the incompleteness of data acquisition on the conventional short-scan circular source trajectories. Cone artifacts, which result from that incompleteness, significantly degrade image quality by severe smearing and shading. To assure data completeness a combination of a partial circle with one or several line segments is investigated. A new and efficient reconstruction algorithm is deduced from a general inversion formula based on 3D Radon theory. The method is theoretically exact, possesses shift-invariant filtered backprojection (FBP) structure, and solves the long object problem. The algorithm is flexible in dealing with various circle and line configurations. The reconstruction method requires nothing more than the theoretically minimum length of scan trajectory. It consists of a conventional short-scan circle and a line segment approximately twice as long as the height of the region-of-interest. Geometrical deviations from the ideal source trajectory are considered in the implementation in order to handle data of real C-arm systems. Reconstruction results show excellent image quality free of cone artifacts. The proposed scan trajectory and reconstruction algorithm assure excellent image quality and allow low-contrast tomographic imaging with C-arm based cone-beam systems. The method can be implemented without any hardware modifications on systems commercially available today.
VizieR Online Data Catalog: W1J00 and W2J00 Transit Circle Catalogs (Rafferty+, 2016)
Rafferty, T. J.; Holdenried, E. R.; Urban, S. E.
2016-06-01
The W1J00, named because it was the first (of two) Washington transit circle catalog to be referred to the Equinox of J2000.0, is the result of observations made with the Six-inch Transit Circle in Washington, D.C., between September 1977 and July 1982. The observing program was structured to be absolute, in the sense that the positions were not explicitly relying on any previous observations. The absolute positions were defined with respect to an internally consistent frame that was unique to the particular instrument. Following the reductions, comparisons with stars from the Hipparcos Catalogue (European Space Agency 1997) revealed unaccounted for systematic differences on the level of 100-200mas. It was decided, therefore, to include data on both the absolute positions reduced in way common to many past Washington transit circle catalogs, as well as the positions differentially adjusted to the system of the Hipparcos Catalog. The W1J00 contains mean positions of 7267 stars and 4383 observations of solar system objects. The majority of the stars fall into two categories; those from the Fifth Fundamental Catalog (FK5; Fricke et al 1988), and those from the Catalog Of 3539 Zodiacal Stars For The Equinox 1950.0 (Robertson 1940). The solar system objects include the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, eight minor planets (Eunomia, Flora, Hebe, Iris, Juno, Metis, Pallas, and Vesta), and the dwarf planet Ceres. Characteristics of the W1J00 catalog: Category Range Average ------------------------------------------------------------- Magnitudes -1.6 to 10.4 7.18 RA standard errors of the mean 15 to 460 mas 98 mas Dec standard errors of the mean 10 to 400 mas 107 mas RA Number of observations / star 3 to 187 10 Dec Number of observations / star 2 to 179 10 Declination coverage -39 to +90 degrees ------------------------------------------------------------- Details of the W1J00 can be found in Rafferty, Holdenried, and Urban (2016, Publ. USNO, 2nd
Kouri, Donald J; Markovich, Thomas; Maxwell, Nicholas; Bodmann, Bernhard G
2009-07-02
We discuss a periodic variant of the Heisenberg-Weyl algebra, associated with the group of translations and modulations on the circle. Our study of uncertainty minimizers leads to a periodic version of canonical coherent states. Unlike the canonical, Cartesian case, there are states for which the uncertainty product associated with the generators of the algebra vanishes. Next, we explore the supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum mechanical setting for the uncertainty-minimizing states and interpret them as leading to a family of "hindered rotors". Finally, we present a standard quantum mechanical treatment of one of these hindered rotor systems, including numerically generated eigenstates and energies.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hossain O. Yakhlef; Francisco Marcellán
2002-01-01
Given a positive definite matrix measure Ω supported on the unit circle T, then main purpose of this paper is to study the asymptotic behavior of Ln(Ω)Ln(Ω)-1 and Φn(z;Ω)Φn(z;Ω)-1 where Ω(z) = Ω(z) + zδ(z - w); |w| ＞ 1,M is a positive definite matrix and δ is the Dirac matrix measure. Here, Ln ( @ ) means the leading coefficient of the orthonormal matrix polynomials Φn(z; @ ).Finally, we deduce the asymptotic behavior of Φn (w;Ω)Φn (w;Ω) * in the case when M=I.
Debesay, Jonas; Nåden, Dagfinn; Slettebø, Ashild
2008-03-01
In this article, an attempt is made to analyse important implications of the hermeneutic approach in qualitative studies. The article discusses the hermeneutic circle with regard to reasoning contexts, on which the researcher's interpretation is based. Problems in connection with achievement of 'proper' understanding in an interpretative process are discussed in light of Gadamer's hermeneutic philosophy. Some features of qualitative studies are addressed. This is concerned with arguments in the presentation of findings in qualitative studies using the hermeneutic approach. The essence of the article is there are grounds for reasonable understanding, even though it cannot be absolute in the hermeneutic.
A Novel Rapid Detection Method of Multi-circle%一种新的多圆快速检测方法
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
罗学刚; 吕俊瑞
2011-01-01
Aiming at the detection of Multi-Circle, a novel method based on a combination of circular symmetry and rotation transformation is proposed. According to the circle geometrical properties, taking the straight line as axis of symmetry through the center of circle and paralleling to abscissa, symmetric points named point set P\\ are searched from the points on the edge of the image. After the image rotated, symmetric points are searched from it, with reverse rotation transformation, and named point set P2. Making use of circle rotational symmetry, the point set that is the intersection of P1 and P2 is on a circle, which will realize the detection of circle. Compared with Randomized Hough Transform (RHT) and Randomized Circle Detection (RCD) which are most widely applied, the experimental results show that the algorithm has the advantages of rapid detection and simple implementation.%针对检测图像多圆问题,该文提出一种利用圆的对称性与旋转变换相结合的圆检测新方法.从圆的几何性质出发,在图像边缘点上以过圆心且平行横坐标的直线为对称轴搜索对称点集P1；然后图像做旋转变换,再次对称点搜索并做反旋转变换得到点集P2；利用圆的旋转对称性,圆上的点集即是点集P1与P2的交集,从而实现圆的检测.实验结果表明,该算法与当前应用最广的RHT、RCD圆检测方法相比具有检测速度快,实现简单等优点.
用生物合成的长链开环探针进行SNP分型%SNP genotyping by biosynthysized long open-circle probes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵松子; 沈向群
2011-01-01
由于化学合成长链开环探针面临许多困难,因此需要开发一种长链开环探针的生物合成方法.该研究利用生物合成的146 bp长链开环探针进行单核苷酸多态性(SNP)分型,以验证长链开环探针生物合成的可行性.结果表明:长链开环探针能够特异地与目的DNA结合,完美配对的长链开环探针能够被DNA连接酶连接,形成环状单链DNA分子,不能完美配对的开环探针不能被DNA连接酶连接,也就不能形成环状单链DNA分子.长链开环探针的连接产物经过DNA外切酶处理后用5%PAGE检测,可以准确进行SNP分型,同时利用RCA反应也能进行SNP分型.该试验的成功为利用不同长度的长链开环探针进行SNP的多元分型提供了基础.%In order to confirm the fact that biosynthesis of long open circle probes was feasible , the long open-circle probe of 146 bp was used to genotype single nucleotide polymorphism ( SNP). After the biosynthesized long open circle probes matched with their target DNA. the probes were ligated by AmpligaseThermostable DNA Ligase to form circularized DNA. Ligation products of long open circle probes were digested with exonuclease firstly, then the mixture was detected with 5％ polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ( PAGE). In addition, rolling circle amplification ( RCA) reaction was also used for amplification of circularized open circle probes, and the amplification products were detected with 0. 6％ agarose gel. The results showed that the biosynthesized long open circle probes could specifically bind with target DNA perfectly.Owing to the high fidelity of Ampligase Thermostable DNA Ligase at the nick junction, a perfectly matched base-pair would be sealed to form a circular single-stranded DNA. but a mismatched base-pair was left unsealed. Both 5％ PAGE and RCA reaction could correctly detect SNP genotyping using biosynthesized long open circle probe. Taken together, the multiplexed assays could be performed to
Granillo, Brenda; Renger, Ralph; Wakelee, Jessica; Burgess, Jefferey L
2010-12-01
The public health workforce is diverse and encompasses a wide range of professions. For tribal communities, the Community Health Representative (CHR) is a public health paraprofessional whose role as a community health educator and health advocate has expanded to become an integral part of the health delivery system of most tribes. CHRs possess a unique set of skills and cultural awareness that make them an essential first responder on tribal land. As a result of their distinctive qualities they have the capability of effectively mobilizing communities during times of crisis and can have a significant impact on the communities' response to a local incident. Although public health emergency preparedness training is a priority of federal, state, local and tribal public health agencies, much of the training currently available is not tailored to meet the unique traits of CHRs. Much of the emergency preparedness training is standardized, such as the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Training Programs, and does not take into account the inherent cultural traditions of some of the intended target audience. This paper reports on the use of the Native American Talking Circle format as a culturally appropriate method to teach the Incident Command System (ICS). The results of the evaluation suggest the talking format circle is well received and can significantly improve the understanding of ICS roles. The limitations of the assessment instrument and the cultural adaptations at producing changes in the understanding of ICS history and concepts are discussed. Possible solutions to these limitations are provided.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marco Antonio Stefani
2013-02-01
Full Text Available The present study evaluated the calibers and anatomic configurations based on the Magnetic Resonance analysis (MRA, assaying the cerebral vascular territories and sex-linked variations. A randomized sample of 30 angiographic examinations in adult patients of both sexes was obtained and components of the circle of Willis were identified. Branch diameters were measured on a transversal cut 5mm from the vessel origin in a typical angiographic frontal incidence. For the comparative statistical analysis, tests were divided in the groups considering the patients' sex and age. The classical Circle of Willis configuration was oberved in only 15 samples (50%. Greater calibers were observed in the arteries of the posterior circulation and multiple linear regression analysis established that the caliber of the posterior circulation was influenced by an independent variable related to the gender. Additional variations included unilateral and bilateral fetal and hypoplasic Posterior communicating arteries. In the anterior cerebral artery (ACA, the presence of an accessory developed ACA, an ACA giving branches to the distal portion of the two hemispheres and a third median ACA the variants were observed. Gender influenced the variations on internal diameters of posterior circulation vessels, with larger measurements in men.
抢圈在足球训练中的应用%The Application of Rob Circle in Football Training
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘年
2015-01-01
In the football training in the field of the training of the circle, it is welcomed by the teachers and students. It has the characteristics of actual combat, high interest, flexible organization and so on. By analyzing the application characteristics and training effect of the grab circle, this paper mainly discusses the training requirements of the offensive and defensive players, and puts forward the teaching suggestions, in order to provide the theoretical basis for the improvement of the level of football training.%抢圈练习在足球训练中深受师生的欢迎，具有实战性强、趣味性高、组织灵活等特点。通过分析抢圈练习的应用特点及训练效果，着重对攻防队员的训练要求进行了探讨，同时提出了教学建议，以期为足球训练水平的提高提供理论依据。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
许晓毅; 汤丽娟; 罗固源; 蒋真玉
2009-01-01
Three strains of aerobic denitrifiers,named as AT3,AT6 and AT7,were isolated from concentric-circles reactor with diversion wall possessing simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) effect of 69%. The three strains are all gram-positive and rod-shaped,and their colonial colors are pale yellow,milk white and pink,respectively. Combined with 16SrDNA sequence homology comparison and biochemical tests,AT3 and AT7 were identified to belong to Rhodococcus,and AT6 to Gordonia. These bacterial strains could grow well in the medium with potassium nitrate as nitrogen source and sodium citrate as carbon source. Based on the enhanced nitrogen removal experiments of selected bacteria mixture for activated sludge,the inoculum amount of 5% was supposed to be proper. The mixed biomass suspension of selected strains with PVA immobilization was put into the concentric-circles reactor in order to study the characteristics of enhanced nitrogen removal after amplifying cultivation with inoculated amount of 5%. The experimental results show that the average removal efficiencies of ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) and total nitrogen (TN) in the reactor enhanced with aerobic denitrifying bacteria using PVA are 92.18% and 79.14% respectively,increasing by 5.29% and 7.83% respectively compared with removal effects of control group without strains enhancement.
宋濂佛门交游研究%Research on Song Lian′s Social Activities in Buddhist Circle
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
贾素慧
2016-01-01
Song lian′s Life could be divided into three periods,i.e.the pre-official,the in-official and the post official,which brought him three circles of friends.He learnt from Huang Jin and made friends with Buddhist monk Qian Yan,for example,before he took office in Nanjing;after he was appointed an official,the friends he made were related to Da Tian Jie Temple;in his retirement,his making friends were based on geographical relationship and reputation and the three circles are interwoven and interconnected.Song′s social inter-actions with the Buddhist monks shapes him as a scholar of Confucius-Buddhist,of which Confucianism was his main research.%宋濂生活阶段分入仕前、仕宦南京和致仕后三个时期。师从黄蟳、结交千岩禅师作为入仕前佛门交友圈，仕宦南京以大天界寺形成交游圈，致仕后则以地缘及名望形成交游圈。这三个佛门交游圈呈现网状互相交织状态。宋濂与僧人的交游互动，形成了他以儒者立命、旁涉佛教的儒释关系。
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Penido, A. F. B.
2013-12-01
Full Text Available Aims: Characterization of cryptic plasmid pVCM01 (accession number JX133088 isolated from Salmonella enterica Enteritidis. Methodology and results: The complete sequence of pVCM01 was obtained. This plasmid possesses 1981 bp, with G+C content of 57% in agreement of the range of Salmonella genomic DNA. pVCM01 has a high degree of similarity to pB and pJ plasmids. It possesses six main open reading frames, only one have a very high degree of amino acid identity with protein involved in the rolling-circle-like replication (RCR. Based on the sequence similarities, pVCM01 plasmid belonged to the pC194/pUB110 rolling-circle replicating plasmid family. The Rep pVCM01 possesses the motifs: FLTLTVRN, HPHFHTL, SGDGYVKHERW, which were present in all Rep proteins. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: The small size of pVCM01 plasmid and its stability in E. coli cells, make it an attractive candidate to develop new vectors, such as cloning and/or expression vector.
DNA的滚环扩增技术研究进展%Research progress of rolling circle amplification of DNA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王晓亮; 王星宇; 梁长城; 董平; 梁兴国
2012-01-01
As an isothermal DNA amplification technology,the well-known RCA （rolling circle amplification） has gained wide attention for its simplicity and high efficiency. Generally,forming specifically the circular DNA through hybridizing to the target molecule is the key point to realize specific detection. RCA has been extensively applied to immunoassay,in situ detection,SNP investigation and microarray assay. This review would introduce the principle,technological development,applicable prospect and the present problems of RCA.%作为一种等温DNA扩增技术,滚环扩增（Rolling Circle Amplification,RCA）,以其简单和高效的特点得到了广泛的研究和应用。一般通过与靶序列进行杂交,特异性地生成环状DNA来达到DNA检测的目的。RCA已经广泛应用于免疫检测、原位检测、SNP检测等方面。本文将对RCA的工作原理、技术进展、应用前景以及存在的问题等进行介绍。
A Personified Annealing Algorithm for Circles Packing Problem%求解圆形packing问题的拟人退火算法
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张德富; 李新
2005-01-01
Circles packing problem is an NP-hard problem and is difficult to solve. In this paper, a hybrid search strategy for circles packing problem is discussed. A way of generating new configuration is presented by simulating the moving of elastic objects, which can avoid the blindness of simulated annealing search and make iteration process converge fast. Inspired by the life experiences of people,an effective personified strategy to jump out of local minima is given. Based on the simulated annealing idea and personification strategy, an effective personified annealing algorithm for circles packing problem is developed. Numerical experiments on benchmark problem instances show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the best algorithm in the literature.
谈建设项目全寿命周期成本的优化%Discussion on the entire life circle cost optimization of construction project
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张胜雨
2012-01-01
This paper describes relevant identification of the entire life circle cost optimization of construction project,expounds entire life circle cost optimization method of construction project,and shows optimization steps based on mathematical model,so as to realize the economy and rationality of entire life circle of construction project.%针对建设项目全寿命周期成本优化的相关概念分别作了叙述,并对建设项目全寿命周期成本优化方法进行了详细说明,同时给出了基于数学模型的优化步骤,以实现建设项目全寿命周期的经济性和合理性。
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Albert Westergren
2010-09-01
Full Text Available Background: Disease-related malnutrition is a major health problem in the elderly population and management issues are under-explored. Objectives: What is the prevalence of undernutrition-risk (UN-risk, underweight, and overweight in special accommodations (SAs? Do study circles and a nutritional care policy (NCP improve the precision in nutritional care (NC and decrease the prevalence of under- and overweight in a short- and/or long-term perspective?Design: Quasi-experimental pre- and post-intervention design with three experimental groups and one control group (CG. Setting: SAs. Participants: In 2005 (Time 1 – T1, 1726 (90.4% residents agreed to participate; in 2007 (Time 2 – T2, 1,526 (81.8%; and in 2009 (Time 3 – T3, 1,459 (81.3% residents participated. Interventions: Experimental groups: between T1 and T2 the first period of study circles was conducted in one municipality; between T2 and T3 a second period of study circles in another municipality was conducted; after T1 a NCP was implemented in one municipality. CG: residents in three municipalities. Measurements: Under- and overweight were defined based on BMI. Risk of undernutrition was defined as involving any of: involuntary weight loss, low BMI, and/or eating difficulties. The ‘precision in NC’ describes the relationship between nutritional treatment (protein- and energy-enriched food (PE-food and/or oral supplements and UN-risk. Results: The prevalence of UN-risk varied between 64 and 66%, underweight between 25 and 30%, and overweight between 30 and 33% in T1–T3. At T2 the prevalence of underweight was significantly lower in the first period study circle municipality, and at T3 in the second period study circle municipality compared to in the CG. The precision in NC was higher in a short-term perspective in the study circle municipalities and both in a short- and long-term perspective in the NCP municipality. At T3 between 54 and 70% of residents at UN-risk did not
Delvaux, Damien
2016-04-01
Paleostress inversion of geological fault-slip data is usually done using the directional part of the applied stress tensor on a slip plane and comparing it with the observed slip lines. However, this method do not fully exploit the brittle data sets as those are composed of shear and tension fractures, in addition to faults. Brittle deformation can be decomposed in two steps. An initial fracture/failure in previously intact rock generate extension/tensile fractures or shear fractures, both without visible opening or displacement. This first step may or not be followed by fracture opening to form tension joints, frictional shearing to form shear faults, or a combination of opening and shearing which produces hybrid fractures. Fractured rock outcrop contain information of the stress conditions that acted during both brittle deformation steps. The purpose here is to investigate how the fracture pattern generated during the initial fracture/failure step might be used in paleostress reconstruction. Each fracture is represented on the Mohr Circle by its resolved normal and shear stress magnitudes. We consider the typical domains on the Mohr circle where the different types de fractures nucleate (tension, hybrid, shear and compression fractures), as well the domain which contain reactivated fractures (faults reactivating an initial fracture plane). In function of the fracture type defined in the field, a "distance" is computed on the Mohr circle between each point and its expected corresponding nucleation/reactivation domain. This "Mohr Distance" is then used as function to minimize during the inversion. We implemented this new function in the Win-Tensor program, and tested it with natural and synthetic data sets from different stress regimes. It can be used alone using only the Mohr Distance on each plane (function F10), or combined with the angular misfit between observed striae and resolved shear directions (composite function F11). When used alone (F10), only the 3
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Nontando M. Hadebe
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Mercy Amba Oduyoye�s untitled poem about a circle sets the context for the renewal of the legacy of The Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians (The Circle at a time when The Circle seems to be moving in circles of uncertainty lacking a clear unified focus. Oduyoye describes a circle as eternal, expansive, evolving and sustained by self-critique, accountability, inclusiveness and connectedness to the reality around it. This continuous movement is expressed in the concept of Sankofa�Kairos which is rooted in the past and radically responsive to the present. This �backward�forward� theological method is critical for The Circle to remain true to its mission as a liberating theological and cultural voice for women and other oppressed groups. In contemporary contexts where oppression is pervasive and includes all groups, an inclusive gender paradigm as well as accountability to oppressed groups is critical for the renewal of The Circle. Trinitarian theology provides a model for liberating relationships characterised by equality, difference, mutuality, communion and oneness. Thus, it will be argued that Trinitarian theology provides theological resources for Sankofa�Kairos theologies for The Circle that will be inclusive and accountable to all oppressed groups. This will contribute to the restoration of The Circle as a critical contributor to liberation theologies in Africa.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article proposes Sankofa�Kairos methodology based on the dual legacies of The Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians and The Kairos Document as the starting point for developing accountable and inclusive liberation theologies rooted in Social Models of the Trinity that could respond to the multiple challenges emerging from the African context.Keywords: Sankofa; Kairos; gender; African-women theologies; accountability;inclusivity; masculinities
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Regianne Leila Rolim Medeiros
2013-11-01
Full Text Available Organizational theory has long emphasized the importance of contingent, environmental influences on organizational performance. Similarly, research has demonstrated the importance of local political culture and informal management on the performance of the local health system, establishing vicious and virtuous circles of influence that contribute to increasing inequalities in performance among decentralized local health systems. A longitudinal ethnography studied the relationship between these elements in the same rural municipality in Northeast Brazil after a four-year interval. The second study found the local health system performance much improved. Two main factors appear to have interacted to bring this about: leadership vision and power to implement of one individual; professionalization of the local health system by hiring a significant number of senior health staff. The origins of these influences combine initiatives at local, state and federal levels.
Martel, Nora; Gomes, Selma A; Chemin, Isabelle; Trépo, Christian; Kay, Alan
2013-11-01
For functional analysis of HBV isolates, epidemiological studies and correct identification of recombinant genomes, the amplification of complete genomes is necessary. A method for completely in vitro amplification of full-length HBV genomes starting from serum RC-DNA is described. This uses in vitro completion/ligation of plus-strand HBV RC-DNA and amplification using Rolling-Circle Amplification, eventually followed by a genomic PCR. The method can amplify complete HBV genomes from sera with viral loads ranging from >1.0E+8 IU/ml down to 1.0E+3 IU/ml. The method can be applied to archived sera that have undergone long-term storage or to archived DNA serum extracts. The genomes can easily be cloned. HBV genotypes A-G can all be amplified with no apparent problems. A recombinant subgenotype A3/genotype E genome was identified and fully sequenced.
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Teresa D'Aprile
2000-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper we study the existence of concentrated solutions of the nonlinear field equation $$ -h^{2}Delta v+V(xv-h^{p}Delta_{p}v+ W'(v=0,, $$ where $v:{mathbb R}^{N}o{mathbb R}^{N+1}$, $Ngeq 3$, $p>N$, the potential $V$ is positive and radial, and $W$ is an appropriate singular function satisfying a suitable symmetric property. Provided that $h$ is sufficiently small, we are able to find solutions with a certain spherical symmetry which exhibit a concentration behaviour near a circle centered at zero as $ho 0^{+}$. Such solutions are obtained as critical points for the associated energy functional; the proofs of the results are variational and the arguments rely on topological tools. Furthermore a penalization-type method is developed for the identification of the desired solutions.
El Círculo Católico de Puebla, 1887-1900 Puebla's Catholic Circle, 1887-1900
Sergio Francisco Rosas Salas
2012-01-01
Este artículo analiza la conformación y los primeros años del Círculo Católico de Puebla, una organización confesional formada por laicos por iniciativa clerical. Destaca la forma en que algunos católicos de la ciudad de Puebla actuaron bajo la política de conciliación del Porfiriato entre 1887 y 1900, y cómo la aprovecharon a su favor, pasando de la práctica pública del catolicismo al apostolado laico.This article analyzes the formation and the early years of Puebla's Catholic Circle, a conf...
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Igor Pilszczikow
2011-01-01
Full Text Available This article is devoted to the basic ideas of Russian formalism and their later development in the Russian scholarship from the 1960s to the present time. The traditional view which is focussed on the Society for the Study of Poetic Language (Obščestvo po izučeniju poètičeskogo jazyka — OPOJAZ is corrected and supplemented by the synopsis of the achievements of the Moscow Linguistic Circle (Moskovskij lingvističeskij kružok — MLK. Special attention is paid to the works of Maksim Kenigsberg, Grigory Vinokur, Osip Brik and Boris Jarcho, as well as the use of linguistic, semiotic, and statistical methods in literary studies.
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Plonish Julia
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The article presents the author's program of environmental and biological circle orientation. It is shown that the basis of the federal state educational standards is a system-activity approach. The result of its application is the development of the child on the basis of Universal Instructional activities. The main advantage of the course by choice "school environmental monitoring 'is his experimental and practice-oriented direction. As a result of the development of the educational program students will learn: about current research in biology, chemistry, ecology, and their practical and moral-ethical significance, the actions of human beings in critical environmental situations, the impact of the natural environment on human health (eg, geochemical characteristics of terrain, the quality of drinking water, dust atmosphere, etc., health-enhancing effects of natural elements (plants, recreational resources, etc..
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
汪峰; 张荣; 陈志忠; 吴小山; 顾书林; 沈波; 郑有堃; 蒋树声
2001-01-01
Crystal tilts in epitaxially laterally overgrown (ELO) GaN films via hydride vapour phase epitaxy (HVPE) onsapphire substrates have been investigated by using the four-circle x-ray diffraction method. Three diffractionpeaks corresponding to the (0002) reflection of vertically epitaxial and tilted GaN domains are observable in thex-ray rocking curve. The angle separations △ω between the main peak and two lobes change with the azimuthangle φ. The dependence of △ω on φ and the crystal tilt angle θ has been calculated based on the standardkinetic x-ray diffraction model. The crystal tilt angle of a typical HVPE ELO GaN sample has been determinedto be 2.379°.
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Benjamin Shikwati
2013-10-01
Full Text Available This article formulates a new integrated pastoral care approach to bereavement healing ministry in Africa, termed a circle for pastoral concern. In pursuit of this, the article highlights the pastoral challenge brought about by the occurrence of death and bereavement within the cultural and Christian intermix. Using the example of the Abaluyia of western Kenya, traditional cultural bereavement healing approaches are assessed against the backdrop of Christian influence on the understanding and response to death and bereavement healing and the resultant tension. The article juxtaposes the Abaluyia cultural concept of okhukura[to encircle with loving care] with the biblical koinōnia[fellowship, communion] as springboard for building culturally sensitive and biblically sound Christian caring communities. It is hoped that the juxtaposition helps to establish and promote meaningful engagement between therapeutic traditional beliefs and practices, and the gospel. The gospel-culture engagement within a local church setting provides the context in which bereavement healing and individual growth after the death of a significant other takes place. The juxtaposition is necessitated by the rampant practice in African pluralistic societies where Christians consciously, or otherwise, lurch back to cultural approaches in their effort to provide or find healing when faced with death and bereavement. The ‘circle for pastoral concern’ model encourages inclusiveness by enlisting the means and talents of the community of believers, both ordained and lay. The principle of inclusion ensures that the load of pastoral care is shared and assumes a deeper response due to diversity of gifts and talents within the caring community.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burns, Ross A.; Handa, Toshihiro; Omodaka, Toshihiro; Nakagawa, Akiharu; Nakanishi, Hiroyuki [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-35 Kôrimoto, Kagoshima, Kagoshima 890-0065 (Japan); Nagayama, Takumi [Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Hayashi, Masahiko [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Shizugami, Makoto, E-mail: RossBurns88@MilkyWay.sci.Kagoshima-u.ac.jp [Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-12 Hoshi-ga-oka, Mizusawa-ku, Oshu, Iwate 023-0861 (Japan)
2014-12-10
We report our measurement of the trigonometric distance and proper motion of IRAS 20056+3350, obtained from the annual parallax of H{sub 2}O masers. Our distance of D=4.69{sub −0.51}{sup +0.65} kpc, which is 2.8 times larger than the near kinematic distance adopted in the literature, places IRAS 20056+3350 at the leading tip of the Local arm and proximal to the solar circle. Using our distance, we reevaluate past observations to reveal IRAS 20056+3350 as a site of massive star formation at a young stage of evolution. This result is consistent with the spectral energy distribution of the source evaluated with published photometric data from UKIDSS, WISE, AKARI, IRAS, and the submillimeter continuum. Both analytical approaches reveal the luminosity of the region to be 2.4 × 10{sup 4} L {sub ☉}, and suggest that IRAS 20056+3350 is forming an embedded star of ≥16 M {sub ☉}. We estimated the proper motion of IRAS 20056+3350 to be (μ{sub α}cos δ, μ{sub δ}) = (–2.62 ± 0.33, –5.65 ± 0.52) mas yr{sup –1} from the group motion of H{sub 2}O masers, and use our results to estimate the angular velocity of Galactic rotation at the Galactocentric distance of the Sun, Ω{sub 0} = 29.75 ± 2.29 km s{sup –1} kpc{sup –1}, which is consistent with the values obtained for other tangent point and solar circle objects.
The roles of two porcine circovirus replication initiator proteins, Rep and Rep', in generating copy-release and rolling-circle DNA replication intermediates were determined. Rep uses the supercoiled closed-circular genome (ccc) to initiate leading-strand synthesis (identical to copy-release replica...
Hogendijk, J.P.
2010-01-01
In Chapter 21 of Vanden Circkel (On the Circle) [Van Ceulen, 1596], the arithmetic teacher and fencing master Ludolph van Ceulen published his analysis of 16 propositions which had been submitted to him by an anonymous “highly learned man”. In this paper, the author of the propositions will be ident
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La Pointe, Paul R.; Hermanson, Jan
2002-09-09
The goal of this project is to improve the recovery of oil from the Circle Ridge Oilfield, located on the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming, through an innovative integration of matrix characterization, structural reconstruction, and the characterization of the fracturing in the reservoir through the use of discrete fracture network models.
银行业金融机构担保圈风险化解探析%Exploration of Guarantee Circle Risk Elimination of Banking Financial Institutions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张东玥
2015-01-01
Enterprises losing access to liquidity and guarantee circle risk eruption hit the headlines recently. The risks of one individual enterprise are transmitted and amplified through the chains in the guarantee circle, which threatens the operation of other well-managed enterprises in the guarantee circle and the safety of bank assets. It is a hard nut that both the banking financial institutions and the CBRC ( China Banking Regulatory Commission) want to crack urgently. The paper describes the formation and the features in short, states the practices on guarantee circle risk elimination, and gives specific solutions to eliminate the guarantee circle risk, to provide some references for the credit and risk management of banking financial institutions.%近年来，企业资金链断裂、担保圈风险爆发等事件不时见诸报端。个别企业的风险爆发通过担保圈的传导、放大，威胁到圈内其他优质企业的正常经营和银行业金融机构的资产安全，是当前商业银行和监管机构亟需解决的问题。文章简要分析了担保圈风险的形成和特征，阐述了担保圈风险化解的实践情况，并有针对性地提出担保圈风险化解的具体建议，为银行业金融机构的信贷管理与风险控制工作提供参考。
Rafferty, T J; Urban, S E
2016-01-01
The astronomical results contained in this publication represent a continuation of previous work of the United States Naval Observatory Six-inch and Seven-inch transit circles. The results are also the last from United States Naval Observatory transit circles, since those instruments are no longer in service. For the W1J00, we present the results of observations made with the Six-inch Transit Circle in Washington, D.C., between September 1977 and July 1982. The catalog, called W1J00, contains mean positions of 7267 stars, all but five are north of -30 degrees declination, and 4383 observations of solar system objects. Positions of stars are for mean epoch of observation, on equator and equinox J2000.0. Positions of solar system objects are apparent places. Error estimates are about 100 mas per coordinate for the majority of stars. For the W2J00, we present the results of observations made with the Six-inch Transit Circle in Washington, D.C. and the Seven-inch Transit Circle at the Black Birch station near Ble...
Dörnberger, V; Dörnberger, G
1987-01-01
On 99 testes of corpses (death had occurred between 26 und 86 years) comparative volumetry was done. In the left surrounding capsules (without scrotal skin and tunica dartos) the testes were measured via real time sonography in a waterbath (7.5 MHz linear-scan), afterwards length, breadth and height were measured by a sliding calibre, the largest diameter (the length) of the testis was determined by Schirren's circle and finally the size of the testis was measured via Prader's orchidometer. After all the testes were surgically exposed, their volume (by litres) was determined according to Archimedes' principle. As for the Archimedes' principle a random mean error of 7% must be accepted, sonographic determination of the volume showed a random mean error of 15%. Whereas the accuracy of measurement increases with increasing volumes, both methods should be used with caution if the volumes are below 4 ml, since the possibilities of error are rather great. According to Prader's orchidometer the measured volumes on average were higher (+ 27%) with a random mean error of 19.5%. With Schirren's circle the obtained mean value was even higher (+ 52%) in comparison to the "real" volume by Archimedes' principle with a random mean error of 19%. The measurements of the testes in the left capsules by sliding calibre can be optimized, if one applies a correcting factor f (sliding calibre) = 0.39 for calculation of the testis volume corresponding to an ellipsoid. Here you will get the same mean value as in Archimedes' principle with a standard mean error of only 9%. If one applies the correction factor of real time sonography of testis f (sono) = 0.65 the mean value of sliding calibre measurements would be 68.8% too high with a standard mean error of 20.3%. For measurements via sliding calibre the calculation of the testis volume corresponding to an ellipsoid one should apply the smaller factor f (sliding calibre) = 0.39, because in this way the left capsules of testis and the
Guanxi and Circles: Social Networks in China%关系与圈子——中国人工作场域中的圈子现象
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
罗家德
2012-01-01
中国人长于创业,格兰诺维特认为创业者的一项重要职能就是要平衡耦合与脱耦,也就是关系结构要可紧可疏,关系范围要可伸可缩,这样才能一方面寻找机会,又有足够强的动员能力掌握机会.圈子现象可用于解释为什么中国人长于平衡耦合与脱耦.小圈子往往是一个人动员其人脉中的家人与熟人关系组成的小团体,因为熟人关系是人情交换关系,可以有较大的弹性,同时熟人可以从认识的圈外人发展而来,所以使得圈子的边界不封闭,圈子也因此增加了弹性.这样的弹性使得中国人的个人网关系结构可伸可缩,可紧可密.%This paper illustrates the phenomenon of circles in the Chinese culture, including the type and role of trust in such circles. The Chinese national culture is thought of as a culture of collectivism, which in turn makes the Chinese network structure dense and closed in organizational settings. However, we find that there are also aspects of openness and flexibility in both Chinese business and social networks. In general, a circle is an ego-centric network. Second, it has a structure of "differential mode of association". Third, just like family ties, core members of the circle are indicated by loyal, unbreakable and intimate relationships, but peripheral members are mainly composed of familiar ties, denoted by long-term relationships with limited liability in favor exchanges. Finally, the boundary of a circle is not closed, and outsiders may be included in the circle. That makes the Chinese network structure flexible to opening or closing.
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Abbas Monfared
2016-12-01
Full Text Available Drawing on the literature on culture and intercultural communication, current discussions surrounding English as an international language (EIL, and cultural appropriation of ELT books in local communities, this article reports the findings of a qualitative and qualitative research study with English language teachers from Inner (40 American, 36 British, Outer (44 Indian, 40 Malaysian, and Expanding (44 Iranian and 40 Turkish circles based on Kachru’s model (1992 to explore their attitudes toward cultural content of ELT books within the framework of EIL and how they see themselves in relation to the language and culture. The findings demonstrate that most teachers are in favor of implementation of EIL and culture and understanding their perceptions plays a key role in this matter. The findings also highlight the “glocal” aspect of English that the ELT materials should include a blending of cultures, both local and international, so that learners can naturally merge their local experiences and cultures with those that are offered in the ELT materials. This article argues that together with valuing intercultural communication and awareness, it is important to promote ways for the development of EIL and culture in the classroom. Issues like cultural representation, cultural priority of teachers and students, cultural presence within the EIL framework in ELT books and pluralistic and dynamic feature of English language with cultural diversity in the globalized world must be heard and not assumed in order to develop cultural awareness.
Shen, S C; Li, J S; Huang, M C
2014-06-02
Fourier series and an energy mapping method were used in this study to design a lens that produces a light pattern of multiple concentric circles (LPMCC) for a light-emitting diode (LED) fishing lamp. Fourier series were used to represent the light intensity distribution curve (LIDC) of the LPMCC light pattern. Energy mapping involves performing angular energy mapping based on the LIDCs of an LED light source and LPMCC to design a freeform lens. Type I and Type II LPMCC lenses were designed according to the phototaxis behavior of fish to create a LPMCC light pattern of interleaving light-dark zones that attracts fish shoals to stay in an area for a long period. The experimental results indicated that, in comparing the LIDCs of the Type I and II lenses with the respective simulation values, the normalized cross-correlation (NCC) value reached 96%. According to a 24-hour observation of the phototaxis of Poecilia reticulata to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed light pattern to attract fish, when a fish shoal was habituated to a light source that emitted constant illumination light, it gradually moved away from the intense light zone and hovered around the junction of the light and dark zones. In the future, the design used in this study can be applied to LED fishing lamps to replace traditional fishing lamps.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Shu-mei; LIU Jun-xin
2005-01-01
Compared to conventional oxidation ditches, an integrated oxidation ditch with vertical circle(IODVC) has the characters of concise configuration, simple operation and maintenance, land saving and automatical sludge returning. By the utilization of vertical circulation, an aerobic zone and an anoxic zone can be unaffectedly formed in the IODVC. Therefore, COD and nitrogen can be efficiently removed. However, the removal efficiency of phosphorus was Iow in the IODVC. In the experiment described, a laboratory scale system to add an anaerobic column to the IODVC has been tested to investigate the removal of phosphorus from wastewater. The experimental results showed that the removal efficiency of TP with the anaerobic column was increased to 54.0 % from 22.3 % without the anaerobic column. After the acetic sodium was added into the influent as carbon sources, the mean TP removal efficency of 77.5 % was obtained. At the same time, the mean removal efficiencies of COD, TN and NH3-N were 92.2%, 81.6% and 98.1%, respectively, at 12 h of HRT and 21-25 d of SRT. The optimal operational conditions in this study were as follows: recycle rate = 1.5-2.0, COD/TN > 6, COD/TP > 40,COD loading rate = 0.26-0.32 kgCOD/(kgSS·d), TN loading rate =0.028-0.034 kgTN/(kgSS·d) and TP loading rate = 0.003-0.005kgTP/(kgSS·d), respectively.
Zhao, Bin; Song, Jirui; Guan, Yifu
2015-02-01
Rolling circle amplification (RCA) is a new method based on virus DNA reproduction, which has been widely used in the field of miRNA detection. However, discrimination of highly homologous miRNAs is a bottleneck in the research of miRNA. In this study, the RCA process was creatively used to conduct the discrimination of miRNAs. Results showed that T4 RNA ligase 2 could reach the highest circularization efficiency during the RCA process with higher specificity. By using RCA technology, a member of highly homologous miRNAs, let-7, could be discriminated at the amount of 2.5 fmol. This sensitivity could not be achieved by using traditional reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) method. In addition, detection of miRNAs by using RCA could reach the amount limit of fmol with a good linearity. Optimal RCA technology used in this study is better than RT-qPCR in discriminating highly homologous family miRNAs. Results from this study can promote the applications of RCA in clinical diagnosis, environment protection, health care, disease inspection and prevention, and national security.
Zhao, Guojie; Hu, Tianyu; Li, Jun; Wei, Hua; Shang, Hong; Guan, Yifu
2015-09-15
Rolling circle amplification (RCA) has been considered as a powerful tool for nucleic acids detection. Here, a novel repressor-RCA-based method for L-tryptophan (L-Trp) detection was developed. This method utilizes the specific interaction between the RCA circular template and the Trp repressor protein (TrpR) involved in trp operon of Escherichia coli (E. coli). In the absence of L-Trp, the TrpR protein could not bind to the RCA template, and the RCA process can be continued. When L-Trp is present, the activated TrpR will bind to the operon sequence on the RCA template and inhibit the RCA reaction. Thus, the concentration of L-Trp is correlated directly with the fluorescent RCA signals. We succeeded in detecting L-Trp in a single step in simple homogeneous reaction system. The detection limit was estimated to be 0.77 μM (S/N=3) with good linearity. The method can unambiguously distinguish L-Trp from other 19 standard amino acids and L-Trp analogs. This strategy is also promising for detecting many small molecules such as other amino acids and carbohydrates.
Burns, Ross A; Handa, Toshihiro; Omodaka, Toshihiro; Nakagawa, Akiharu; Nakanishi, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Masahiko; Shizugami, Makoto
2014-01-01
We report our measurement of the trigonometric distance and proper motion IRAS 20056+3350, obtained from the annual parallax of H2O masers. Our distance of D = 4.69 +0.65-0.51 kpc, which is more than two times larger than the near kinematic distance adopted in the literature, places IRAS 20056+3350 at the leading tip of the Local arm, and proximal to the Solar circle. Using our distance we re-evaluate past observations to reveal IRAS 20056+3350 as a site of massive star formation at a young stage of evolution. This result is consistent with the spectral energy distribution of the source evaluated with published photometric data from UKIDSS, WISE, AKARI, IRAS and sub-millimetre continuum. Both analytical approaches reveal the luminosity of the region to be 2.4 x 10^4 Lo, and suggest that IRAS 20056+3350 is forming an embedded star of 16 Mo. We estimated the proper motion of IRAS 20056+3350 to be ($\\mu_{\\alpha}\\cos\\delta$, $\\mu_{\\delta}$) = ($-2.62\\pm0.33$, $-5.65\\pm0.52$) mas yr$^{-1}$ from the group motion of...
Li, Zhenkun; Huo, Xueyun; Zhang, Shuangyue; Lu, Jing; Li, Changlong; Guo, Meng; Fu, Rui; He, Zhengming; Du, Xiaoyan; Chen, Zhenwen
2015-01-01
Deformities in the Circle of Willis (CoW) can significantly increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease in humans. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these deformities have not been understood. Based on our previous studies, variations in the CoW of gerbils are hereditary. A normal CoW is observed in approximately 60% of gerbils, a percentage that also applies to humans. Thus, gerbil is an ideal experimental model for studying variations in the CoW. To study the mechanisms underlying these variations, we selected genes associated with different types of the CoW using suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH). After evaluating the efficiency of SSH using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) on subtracted and unsubtracted cDNA and Southern blotting on SSH PCR products, 12 SSH libraries were established. We identified 4 genes (CST3, GNAS, GPx4 and PFN2) associated with variations in the CoW. These genes were identified with qPCR and Western blotting using 70 expressed sequence tags from the SSH libraries. Cloning and sequencing allowed us to demonstrate that the 4 genes were closely related to mouse genes. We may assume that these 4 genes play an important role in the development of variations in the CoW. This study provides a foundation for further research of genes related to development of variations in the CoW and the mechanisms of dysmorphosis of cerebral vessels.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhenkun Li
Full Text Available Deformities in the Circle of Willis (CoW can significantly increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease in humans. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these deformities have not been understood. Based on our previous studies, variations in the CoW of gerbils are hereditary. A normal CoW is observed in approximately 60% of gerbils, a percentage that also applies to humans. Thus, gerbil is an ideal experimental model for studying variations in the CoW. To study the mechanisms underlying these variations, we selected genes associated with different types of the CoW using suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH. After evaluating the efficiency of SSH using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR on subtracted and unsubtracted cDNA and Southern blotting on SSH PCR products, 12 SSH libraries were established. We identified 4 genes (CST3, GNAS, GPx4 and PFN2 associated with variations in the CoW. These genes were identified with qPCR and Western blotting using 70 expressed sequence tags from the SSH libraries. Cloning and sequencing allowed us to demonstrate that the 4 genes were closely related to mouse genes. We may assume that these 4 genes play an important role in the development of variations in the CoW. This study provides a foundation for further research of genes related to development of variations in the CoW and the mechanisms of dysmorphosis of cerebral vessels.
Faurez, Florence; Dory, Daniel; Henry, Aurélie; Bougeard, Stéphanie; Jestin, André
2010-04-01
In this study, a method was developed to measure replication rates of rolling-circle replicon-based plasmids in eukaryotic cells. This method is based on the discriminative quantitation of MboI-resistant, non-replicated input plasmids and DpnI-resistant, replicated plasmids. To do so, porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) replicon-based plasmids were constructed. These plasmids contained the PCV2 origin of replication, the PCV2 Rep promoter and the PCV2 Rep gene. The results show that the replication rate depends on the length of the PCV2 replicon-based plasmid and not on the respective position of the Rep promoter and the promoter of the gene of interest that encodes the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP). In all cases, it was necessary to add the Rep gene encoded by a plasmid and cotransfected as a replication booster. This method can evaluate the replication potential of replicon-based plasmids quickly and is thereby a promising tool for the development of plasmids for vaccine purposes.
Najafzadeh, M J; Dolatabadi, S; Saradeghi Keisari, M; Naseri, A; Feng, P; de Hoog, G S
2013-09-01
Deep infections by melanized fungi deserve special attention because of a potentially fatal, cerebral or disseminated course of disease in otherwise healthy patients. Timely diagnostics are a major problem with these infections. Rolling circle amplification (RCA) is a sensitive, specific and reproducible isothermal DNA amplification technique for rapid molecular identification of microorganisms. RCA-based diagnostics are characterized by good reproducibility, with few amplification errors compared to PCR. The method is applied here to species of Exophiala known to cause systemic infections in humans. The ITS rDNA region of five Exophiala species (E. dermatitidis, E. oligosperma, E. spinifera, E. xenobiotica, and E. jeanselmei) was sequenced and aligned in view of designing specific padlock probes to be used for the detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the Exophiala species concerned. The assay proved to successfully amplify DNA of the target fungi at the level of species; while no cross-reactivity was observed. Amplification products were visualized on 1% agarose gels to verify the specificity of probe-template binding. Amounts of reagents were minimized to avoid the generation of false positive results. The sensitivity of RCA may help to improve early diagnostics of these difficult to diagnose infections.
Matano, Fumihiro; Murai, Yasuo; Adachi, Koji; Kitamura, Takayuki; Teramoto, Akira
2014-04-01
Cases of moyamoya disease or intracranial arterial stenosis around the circle of Willis (M/IAS) associated with hyperthyroidism have been reported. However, most of these previous reports were of the ischemic form of M/IAS and primary hyperthyroidism. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have documented therapy for M/IAS associated with hyperthyroidism. We discuss four previously unreported cases, including those involving the intracerebral hemorrhage form and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion from a pituitary adenoma (secondary hyperthyroidism). We analyzed data from 52 previously reported cases, including the 4 cases presented here, and discuss M/IAS associated with hyperthyroidism, treatment options, pathophysiology, the ischemic and hemorrhagic forms, secondary hyperthyroidism, and the relevant literature. Hyperthyroidism results in thyrotoxicosis and the stimulation of the superior cervical ganglion by TSH antibodies and f-T3/f-T4. Consequently, hypercoagulability and stenosis of the cerebral artery can occur. There are many reports of ischemic M/IAS associated with hyperthyroidism. A conservative approach to treatment is important in such cases; for example, antithyroid therapy should be the first choice to treat ischemic M/IAS. There have been only a limited number of reports on hemorrhagic M/IAS. We presume that hemorrhagic M/IAS tears the weakened vasculature in a manner similar to that of normal M/IAS (with no complicating hyperthyroidism). The authors also reported M/IAS associated with secondary hyperthyroidism due to pituitary thyroid secreting hormone secreting adenoma.
Yang, Linlin; Zhang, Ying; Li, Ruibao; Lin, Cuiying; Guo, Longhua; Qiu, Bin; Lin, Zhenyu; Chen, Guonan
2015-08-15
Determination of ochratoxin A (OTA) is highly important for food safety control. In this study, a signal-on electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor which combined the characteristics of high efficiency of hyperbranched rolling circle amplification (HRCA) and high selectivity of aptamer was developed for OTA determination. The capture probe DNA (CDNA) was firstly immobilized on the gold electrode surface through Au-S interaction, then the OTA aptamer was modified on the electrode surface through hybridization with CDNA. Since OTA can competitively bind with the aptamer due to their high affinity, which would induce the releasing of aptamer from the electrode surface. Subsequently, the free CDNA on the electrode surface can hybridize with the padlock probe and induce HRCA reaction subsequently. Thus, the HRCA products which contained large amount of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) fragments can be accumulated on the electrode surface. Since Ru(phen)3(2+) can intercalate into the groove of dsDNA and acts as ECL indicator, high ECL intensity can be detected from the electrode surface. The enhanced ECL intensity has a linear relationship with OTA in the range of 0.05-500 pg/mL with a correlation coefficient of 0.9957, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 0.02 pg/mL. The developed biosensor has been applied to determine OTA concentration in the corn samples with satisfied results.
El Círculo Católico de Puebla, 1887-1900 Puebla's Catholic Circle, 1887-1900
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergio Francisco Rosas Salas
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la conformación y los primeros años del Círculo Católico de Puebla, una organización confesional formada por laicos por iniciativa clerical. Destaca la forma en que algunos católicos de la ciudad de Puebla actuaron bajo la política de conciliación del Porfiriato entre 1887 y 1900, y cómo la aprovecharon a su favor, pasando de la práctica pública del catolicismo al apostolado laico.This article analyzes the formation and the early years of Puebla's Catholic Circle, a confessional organization composed of secular persons on a clerical initiative. It draws attention to the actions of a number of Catholics in the city of Puebla under the Porfiriato's conciliation policy between 1887 and 1900, and the ways in which they used it to their advantage, shifting from the public practice of Catholicism to a lay ministry.
Daròs, J A; Marcos, J F; Hernández, C; Flores, R
1994-12-20
The structure of a series of RNAs extracted from avocado infected by the 247-nt avocado sunblotch viroid (ASBVd) was investigated. The identification of multistranded complexes containing circular ASBVd RNAs of (+) and (-) polarity suggests that replication of ASBVd proceeds through a symmetric pathway with two rolling circles where these two circular RNAs are the templates. This is in contrast to the replication of potato spindle tuber viroid and probably of most of its related viroids, which proceeds via an asymmetric pathway where circular (+)-strand and linear multimeric (-)-strand RNAs are the two templates. Linear (+) and (-) ASBVd RNAs of subgenomic length (137 nt and about 148 nt, respectively) and one linear (+)-strand ASBVd RNA of supragenomic length (383-384 nt) were also found in viroid-infected tissue. The two linear (+)-strand RNAs have the same 5'- and 3'-terminal sequences, with the supragenomic species being a fusion product of the monomeric and subgenomic (+)-strand ASBVd RNAs. The 3' termini of these two (+)-strand molecules, which at least in the subgenomic RNA has an extra nontemplate cytidylate residue, could represent sites of either premature termination of the (+)-strands or specific initiation of the (-)-strands. The 5' termini of sub- and supragenomic (+)-strand and the 5' terminus of the subgenomic (-)-strand ASBVd RNA are identical to those produced in the in vitro self-cleavage reactions of (+) and (-) dimeric ASBVd RNAs, respectively. These observations strongly suggest that the hammerhead structures which mediate the in vitro self-cleavage reactions are also operative in vivo.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hao; Zhiyong; Lin; Baiquan; Gao; Yabin; Cheng; Yanying
2012-01-01
There are quite a few studies that have been done on borehole sealing theory both domestically and internationally.The existing researches usually consider drilling of the surroundings as a dense homogeneous elastic body which does not meet the characteristics of real drilling of the fractured body.Based on the loosing-circle theory and analyses of the surrounding rock stress field,cracks and seepage fields,combined with Newtonian fluid spherical grouting model,we deduced the dynamic relationship between the seepage coefficient and rock or grouting parameters of the drilling sealing fluid mode of spherical fissure grouting.In this experiment,mucus was injected in the simulated coal seam and the permeability coefficient of the sealing body was calculated by using the model.To verify the validity of the model,the calculated sealing body number was compared with the extreme negative pressure that the sealing body could withstand.The theoretical model revealed the drilling sealing fluid mechanism,provided a method for the quantitative calculation of the drilling sealing fluid effect by grouting mode and a reference for the subsequent research of sealing mechanism.
Gaballa, Ahmed; Sundin, Mikael; Stikvoort, Arwen; Abumaree, Muhamed; Uzunel, Mehmet; Sairafi, Darius; Uhlin, Michael
2016-01-01
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a well-established treatment modality for a variety of malignant diseases as well as for inborn errors of the metabolism or immune system. Regardless of disease origin, good clinical effects are dependent on proper immune reconstitution. T cells are responsible for both the beneficial graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect against malignant cells and protection against infections. The immune recovery of T cells relies initially on peripheral expansion of mature cells from the graft and later on the differentiation and maturation from donor-derived hematopoietic stem cells. The formation of new T cells occurs in the thymus and as a byproduct, T cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) are released upon rearrangement of the T cell receptor. Detection of TRECs by PCR is a reliable method for estimating the amount of newly formed T cells in the circulation and, indirectly, for estimating thymic function. Here, we discuss the role of TREC analysis in the prediction of clinical outcome after allogeneic HSCT. Due to the pivotal role of T cell reconstitution we propose that TREC analysis should be included as a key indicator in the post-HSCT follow-up. PMID:27727179
Thermodynamic properties of the 2D frustrated Heisenberg model for the entire J1 -J2 circle
Mikheyenkov, A. V.; Shvartsberg, A. V.; Valiulin, V. E.; Barabanov, A. F.
2016-12-01
Using the spherically symmetric self-consistent Green's function method, we consider thermodynamic properties of the S = 1 / 2J1 -J2 Heisenberg model on the 2D square lattice. We calculate the temperature dependence of the spin-spin correlation functions cr = , the gaps in the spin excitation spectrum, the energy E and the heat capacity CV for the whole J1-J2-circle, i.e. for arbitrary φ, J1 = cos (φ), J2 = sin (φ). Due to low dimension there is no long-range order at T ≠ 0, but the short-range holds the memory of the parent zero-temperature ordered phase (antiferromagnetic, stripe or ferromagnetic). E(φ) and CV(φ) demonstrate extrema "above" the long-range ordered phases and in the regions of rapid short-range rearranging. Tracts of cr(φ) lines have several nodes leading to nonmonotonic cr(T) dependence. For any fixed φ the heat capacity CV(T) always has maximum, tending to zero at T → 0, in the narrow vicinity of φ = 155 ° it exhibits an additional frustration-induced low-temperature maximum. We have also found the nonmonotonic behaviour of the spin gaps at φ = 270 ° ± 0 and exponentially small antiferromagnetic gap up to (T ≲ 0.5) for φ ≳ 270 °.
武汉城市圈的医疗服务共享机制分析%Analysis of the Medical Service Sharing Mechanism in Wuhan Urban Circle
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
冯正文
2011-01-01
城市圈建设是带动区域经济一体化建设的重要内容.通过对武汉城市圈医疗服务共享机制的现状及存在问题进行分析,提出相关建议,以加快城市圈卫生一体化进程,促进城市圈卫生事业的协调发展.%The construction of urban circle is important for leading to the regional economy integration. The article analyzes the situation and problem of Medical service sharing mecbanism in Wuhan urban circle, providing the suggestion to promoting the process of health integration, achieving to health career coordinating development.
Kuntsevich, G I; Kaĭdash, A N; Ter-Khachaturova, I E; Kovalevskaia, O A
1995-01-01
The paper gives the results of arterial blood flow monitoring in the circle of Willis via transcranial Doppler during 81 reparative operations on brachiocephalic arteries (including carotid endarterectomy from the internal carotid artery in 32 patients). Transcranial monitoring of blood flow supports the fact that there is a collateral reflow along the cerebral arteries during removal of the common carotid artery and that there is a relationship between the status of great arteries and arteries of Willis' circle. The paper also summaries the results of a comprehensive ultrasound study of 9 patients who have undergone reparative and plastic operations on the cardiac valves during extracorporeal circulation and general hypothermia. Blood flow was intraoperatively monitored in the arteries of the basis cerebri by using transcranial duplex scanning with colour Doppler flow mapping to evaluate not only hemodynamics, but also the embolic situation, as well as to check up how air was removed from the cardiac cavities by transesophageal echocardiography.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郑召文; 刘宝圣
2012-01-01
本文讨论了极限圆型Hamilton算子乘积的自伴性，利用Calkin方法及奇异Hamilton系统自伴扩张的一般构造理论，给出了在极限圆型时判定Hamilton算子乘积自伴的一个充要条件．%In this paper, the self-adjointness of the product of two Hamiltonian op- erators under the limit circle case is considered. Using the Calkin method and the construction of self-adjoint extension for singular Hamiltonian systems, the necessary and sufficient conditions which make the product of two Hamiltonian operators under the limit circle case being a self-adjoint operator are obtained.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kristoffersen, Emil Laust; Gonzales, Maria; Stougaard, Magnus
2015-01-01
-modifying enzymes like type IB Topoisomerases and subsequently amplified by a rolling circle amplification (RCA) mechanism. The RCA process can be followed in real-time by the addition of a molecular beacon with a fluorophore/quencher pair. Upon hybridization to the amplified product, the fluorophore/quencher pair...... is separated, giving rise to a fluorescent signal, measurable in pseudo real-time using a qPCR machine or in a fluorimeter. The RCA products in complex with the molecular beacon can subsequently be moved to microscopic slides and analyzed in a fluorescence microscope. We describe the proof of the principle...... of this molecular beacon-based method combining the qPCR readout format with the standard Rolling circle Enhanced Enzymatic Assay previously reported. Although the qPCR setup is less sensitive, it allows easy, fast, and high-throughput measurement of enzyme activities. Human Topoisomerase IB (TopIB) is a well...