CINDA, the Computer Index of Neutron Data, contains bibliographical references to measurements, calculations, reviews and evaluations of neutron cross sections and other microscopic neutron data; it includes the index of references to computer libraries of numerical neutron data available from four regional neutron data centres. The present issue CINDA 98 is a supplement to CINDA 97, the index to the literature on neutron data published after 1987. The compilation and publication of CINDA are the results of the worldwide cooperation involving the following four data centres: the USA National Nuclear Data Center at the Brookhaven National Laboratory; the Russian Nuclear Data Centre at Obninsk, Russian Federation; the NEA Data Bank in Paris, France; the IAEA Nuclear Data Section in Vienna, Austria
CINDA, the Computer Index of Neutron Data, contains bibliographical references to measurements, calculations, reviews and evaluations of neutron cross-sections and other microscopic neutron data; it includes also index references to computer libraries of numerical neutron data available from four regional neutron data centres. The present issue, CINDA 97, is an index to the literature on neutron data published after 1987. The complete CINDA file as of 1 June 1997 is contained in the archival issue CINDA-A (5 volumes, 1990) plus the current issue CINDA 97. The compilation and publication of CINDA are the result of worldwide co-operation
CINDA, the Computer Index of Neutron Data, contains bibliographical references to measurements, calculations, reviews and evaluations of neutron cross-sections and other microscopic neutron data; it includes also index references to computer libraries of numerical neutron data available from four regional neutron data centres. The present issue, CINDA 99, is the second supplement to CINDA 97, the index to the literature on neutron data published after 1987. It supersedes the first supplement, CINDA 98. The complete CINDA file as of 1 June 1999 is contained in: the archival issue CINDA-A (5 volumes, 1990), CINDA 97 and the current issue CINDA 99. The compilation and publication of CINDA are the result of worldwide co-operation involving the following four data centres. Each centre is responsible for compiling the CINDA entries from the literature published in a defined geographical area given in brackets below: the USA National Nuclear Data Center at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA (United States of America and Canada); the Russian Nuclear Data Centre at the Fiziko-Energeticheskij Institut, Obninsk, Russian Federation (former USSR countries); the NEA Data Bank in Paris, France (European OECD member countries in Western Europe and Japan); and the IAEA Nuclear Data Section in Vienna, Austria (all other countries in Eastern Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, Central and South America; also IAEA publications and translation journals). Besides the published CINDA books, up-to-date computer retrievals for specified CINDA information are currently available on request from the responsible CINDA centres, or via direct access to the on-line services as described in this publication
CINDA, the Computer Index of Neutron Data, contains bibliographical references to measurements, calculations, reviews and evaluations of neutron cross-sections and other microscopic neutron data; it includes also index references to computer libraries of numerical neutron data available from four regional neutron data centers. The present issue is an index to the literature on neutron data published after 1987. The complete CINDA file as of 1 June 2002 is contained in the archival issue CINDA-A (5 volumes, 1990) plus the current issue CINDA 2002 as well as the accompanying CD-CINDA 2002. The CINDA bibliography allows its users to find the references to specific types of cross-section information or other microscopic data from neutron-induced reactions, for any given target nucleus. CINDA entries are sorted in this publication: first by element and mass number and then by cross-section or other quantity. Within these isotopes and quantity groups, the entries are sorted by date of publication. References relating to the same work are listed in block form. The first line of a block refers usually to one of the main publications. In subsequent lines belonging to the same block, the codes for quantity and laboratory are omitted, and, if a line is identical to the previous line, the energy range, the work type and the name of the first author are also omitted. When a preliminary publication (e.g. a progress report or an abstract) becomes superseded by a more recent or final paper, it is often eliminated from the book. These entries are, however, kept in the CINDA master file and are also accessible via on-line retrievals
EXFOR is the agreed exchange format for the computerized exchange of nuclear reaction data between national and international nuclear data centers for the benefit of nuclear data users in all countries. CINDA is the computerized index to literature and computer files of neutron nuclear data. This document contains the EXFOR/CINDA dictionaries, that is the collection of all agreed terms, keywords, codes, abbreviations used in EXFOR and CINDA, in particular codes for defining the nuclear data categories (nuclear reactions, cross-sections, angular distributions, energy-spectra, resonance-parameters, etc); headings and units of data columns; bibliographic references; institutions, laboratories, countries; measurement facilities and methods; system-identifier and information-identifier keywords; etc. (author)
CINDA, the Computer Index of Neutron Data, contains bibliographic references to measurements, calculations, reviews and evaluations of neutron cross sections and other microscopic neutron data; it also includes index references to computer libraries of numerical neutron data available from four regional neutron data centres, namely the USA National Nuclear Data Center at the Brookhaven National Laboratory; the Russian Nuclear Data Centre at the Fiziko-Energeticheskij Institut, Obninsk, Russian Federation; the NEA Data Bank in Paris, France; and the IAEA Nuclear Data Section in Vienna, Austria
Materials properties databases are a crucial source of information when doing research in Materials Science. The creation and regular updating of such databases requires identification and collection of relevant worldwide scientific and technical literature, followed by the compilation, critical evaluation, correlation and synthesis of both existing and new experimental data. The Center for Information and Numerical Data Analysis and Synthesis (CINDAS) at Purdue University produces several databases on the properties and behaviour of materials. The databases include: - ASMD (Aerospace Structural Metals Database) which gives access to approximately 80,000 data curves on over 220 alloys used in the aerospace and other industries - the Microelectronics Packaging Materials Database (MPMD), providing data and information on the thermal, mechanical, electrical and physical properties of electronics packaging materials, and - the Thermophysical Properties of Matter Database (TPMD), covering the...
Ho, C. Y.; Li, H. H.
A computerized comprehensive numerical database system on the mechanical, thermophysical, electronic, electrical, magnetic, optical, and other properties of various types of technologically important materials such as metals, alloys, composites, dielectrics, polymers, and ceramics has been established and operational at the Center for Information and Numerical Data Analysis and Synthesis (CINDAS) of Purdue University. This is an on-line, interactive, menu-driven, user-friendly database system. Users can easily search, retrieve, and manipulate the data from the database system without learning special query language, special commands, standardized names of materials, properties, variables, etc. It enables both the direct mode of search/retrieval of data for specified materials, properties, independent variables, etc., and the inverted mode of search/retrieval of candidate materials that meet a set of specified requirements (which is the computer-aided materials selection). It enables also tabular and graphical displays and on-line data manipulations such as units conversion, variables transformation, statistical analysis, etc., of the retrieved data. The development, content, accessibility, etc., of the database system are presented and discussed.
PERCEPCIÓN DEL IMPACTO DE LA APLICACIÓN DE MECANISMOS DE ASEGURAMIENTO DE LA CALIDAD EN LA EDUCACIÓN SUPERIOR EN COSTA RICA: PROYECTO ALFA-CINDA-UNIVERSIDAD DE COSTA RICA (PERCEIVED IMPACT OF QUALITY ASSURANCE MECHANISMS ON COSTA-RICAN HIGHER EDUCATION: THE ALFA-CINDA-UNIVERSIDAD-DE-COSTA-RICA PROJECT
Guido Guido, Elsiana
Full Text Available Resumen: En este artículo se presentan las acciones realizadas dentro del Proyecto Alfa Nro. DCl-ALA 2008/42: Aseguramiento de la calidad: políticas públicas y gestión universitaria financiado con fondos de la Unión Europea y coordinado, de manera general, por el Centro Interuniversitario de Desarrollo, CINDA. Participan 16 universidades latinoamericanas y 7 universidades europeas, y el objetivo general del proyecto es mejorar la gestión de la calidad de la Educación Superior, tanto a nivel de los sistemas nacionales como de las instituciones de Educación Superior, y contribuir con la generación de conocimiento y confianzas mutuas acerca de la calidad de la Educación Superior entre los países latinoamericanos y europeos. Como parte de las actividades desarrolladas se llevaron a cabo estudios en 7 países (5 de Latinoamérica y 2 de Europa para evaluar el impacto de los procesos de aseguramiento de la calidad implementados en las universidades. En Costa Rica, el proyecto ha sido coordinado y ejecutado por la Universidad de Costa Rica desde el año 2009 hasta la fecha. El estudio se realizó en dos universidades estatales y dos privadas, durante el período comprendido entre octubre de 2010 y mayo de 2011, se realizaron 26 entrevistas presenciales y 8 sesiones de grupo a las diferentes poblaciones definidas en el estudio, además, se realizaron un total de 652 encuestas a estudiantes activos y a personas egresadas. Los principales resultados obtenidos en Costa Rica se resumen en este artículo, de acuerdo con los niveles y dimensiones de calidad que fueron definidos en el marco referencial del proyecto.Abstract: The article presents actions carried out in Costa Rica, in the frame of the project Alfa Nro. DCl-ALA 2008/42: Quality assurance: public policies and management in universities. This project is funded by the European Commission and its general coordination is in charge of the Inter-university Center for Development (CINDA, in
This product enhances and replaces EXFOR/Access CD-ROM retrieval system, which was based on Microsoft Access-97 with Visual Basic. Platform-independent programming technology (Java, JDBC) has been adopted to permit easier future updates along with many other advantages to users. The layout and retrieval process are shown. Evaluated data libraries in ENDF format will also be included in future versions of this product
The role and working methods of specialized data compilation centres are considered in relation to the CODATA/UNISIST study on data dissemination and some technicalities of the use of network linked computers for scientific information retrieval. This general approach suggests that INIS should be used in the ''data referral'' function for nuclear science, and that data requests should in interactive retrieval be routed in cascade from INIS to the appropriate specialized data file. An outline sketch of a cheap and highly decentralized network shows that only a simple data file pointer need be added to INIS in order to make it suitable for use as an aid to retrieving numerical data. (author)
Chan, Kim Wei; Khong, Nicholas M. H.; Iqbal, Shahid; Ch’ng, Soo Ee; Younas, Umer; Babji, Abdul Salam
Cinnamon deodorised aqueous extract (CinDAE) was prepared and evaluated for its total phenolic (315.3 ± 35.4 mg GAE/g) and flavonoid (99.3 ± 9.6 mg RE/g) contents. Stabilizing efficiency of CinDAE, for chicken meatballs, was measured against oxidative deterioration as function of storage time under chilled conditions. For this purpose, oxidative stability [2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS); peroxide value (PV)], colour and sensory acceptability were measured in the control mea...
Separate abstracts were prepared for 22 of the papers in this volume. The remaining six have already been cited in ERA, and can be located by reference to the entry CONF-800551--(Vol.1) in the Report Number Index. CINDA and charged-particle reaction indexes for both volumes of this report appear at the end of volume II
Dewitt, D. P.; Ho, C. Y.
Reliable properties data on well characterized materials are necessary for design of experiments and interpretation of experimental results. The activities of CINDAS to provide data bases and predict properties are discussed. An understanding of emissivity behavior is important in order to select appropriate methods for non-contact temperature determination. Related technical issues are identified and recommendations are offered.
Bhat, M.R.; Pearlstein, S. (eds.)
Separate abstracts were prepared for four of the papers in this volume. The remaining fifteen have already been cited in ERA, and can be located by reference to the entry CONF-800551--(Vol.2) in the Report Number Index. CINDA and charged-particle reaction indexes are included. (RWR)
Nominally the CINDA activity is continued. All types of publications (Russian scientific journals, preprints and so on) are investigated to include in CINDA compilation. We are going to adopt the new technology process created by the NDS and NEA DB for a CINDA compilation and to start in a participation of exchange of CINDA compilation. During 2005-2006 the three issues of the journal 'Yadernye Konstanty' were prepared and printed. The nuclear data services are provided through direct contact with the users from many Russian organizations. Mainly the compilation of the evaluated data of the different types are needed. The new data library ACDAM for the activation/damage calculations is compiled in the Russian Nuclear Data Center. A new version of the Russian Reactor Dosimetry File is prepared and now it is under the compilation and benchmark testing. Evaluated data files were made for the 26 reactions with the covariance matrices. Some of them were included into the IRDF-2002 compiled by the NDS. New evaluated data sets were prepared in during 2006. CJD was engaged in re-evaluation and preparation of evaluated neutron data for minor actinides and fission products for the FOND Library which is a base for the ABBN group constant system. The correction, processing and testing of modified evaluated data files is under way
Bhat, M.R.; Pearlstein, S. (eds.)
Separate abstracts were prepared for 22 of the papers in this volume. The remaining six have already been cited in ERA, and can be located by reference to the entry CONF-800551--(Vol.1) in the Report Number Index. CINDA and charged-particle reaction indexes for both volumes of this report appear at the end of volume II. (RWR)
This issue announces nuclear data libraries received by the IAEA Nuclear Data Section: BROND; ACTIV87; ACTIV-F/H; Chinese neutron activation cross sections; delayed fission gamma ray spectra.; data processing codes; and handbooks. Data indexes and bibliographies (CINDA-89) are included. A list of a selection of new relevant documents is included
The literature examined in this review includes all references in CINDA 71 and its supplements plus some very recent measurements near the reaction threshold. All reference cross sections have been renormalized to ENDF/B-III cross sections and weighted least-squared fitting routines were used to systematize the evaluations
The IAEA Nuclear Data Section convenes in annual intervals coordination meetings of the Network of the Nuclear Reaction Data Center. The present meeting dealt with technical matters of the nuclear data compilation and exchange by means of the jointly operated computerized systems CINDA, EXFOR, ENDF and others. Refs, figs and tabs
Separate abstracts were prepared for four of the papers in this volume. The remaining fifteen have already been cited in ERA, and can be located by reference to the entry CONF-800551--(Vol.2) in the Report Number Index. CINDA and charged-particle reaction indexes are included
The authorized staff level of the Nuclear Data Section consists of a total of 17 professionals and support staff. Over the previous year, NDS staff has distributed 5 CPND TRANS files (D063 - D067) containing 110 new entries (78 compiled at NDS, 20 at ATOMKI, 10 at UkrNDC and 2 in India) and 46 revised entries, 8 neutron TRANS files (3130 - 3137) containing 44 new entries (32 compiled at NDS, 6 at UkrNDC, 2 entries in KAERI and 4 in India) and 431 revised entries, 1 PhND TRANS files (G018), containing 12 new entries (all compiled at UkrNDC) and 1 revised entry. The compilations consist of new literature as well as many important old references. The up-to-date CINDA Master File is available via the NDS compilers? Web site. An automatic update using the EXFOR database has been carried out twice (November 2008, April 2009). A Sybase-dump of the complete CINDA database was sent to NNDC. A few new CINDA lines have been prepared manually for new non-EXFOR experimental studies. Corrections to CINDA lines have also been carried out according to various feedback from users (http://www-nds.iaea.org/nrdc/cinda_err.html). Under the CINDA coverage control system, NDS staff scan over 80 journal titles (mainly through the Internet) for the purpose of compilation coverage control. The current status of these compilation activities has been made available to EXFOR compilers on the NDS Web site during the course of this year. Over 350 journal issues from 1990 to 2009 were added to the database for CINDA coverage control in late 2008/2009. Journal references that should be compiled elsewhere were also dispatched to the relevant centres (Japan, Russia, Hungary and NEADB). All references absent from EXFOR were sent to the responsible centres for compilation, along with pdf copies of the papers, if necessary. Various new or revised evaluated data libraries, files and programs for data checking, processing and graphical presentation were added to the NDS Web site and distributed on CD-ROM
Report on the second consultants' meeting of nuclear reaction data centers Kiev, USSR, 11-16 April 1977. Including the thirteenth four-center meeting and the third meeting on charged particle nuclear data compilation
This second ''NRDC meeting'' combined the 13th ''four centers meeting'' (consultants' meeting of the four neutron nuclear data centers) with the third ''CPND meeting'' (consultants' meeting on charged particle nuclear data compilation). In Part I of the meeting, the neutron data centers held a special session on neutron data matters, in particular on the jointly operated neutron data index CINDA, whereas all items of more general interest, in particular the data exchange system EXFOR, were treated in Part II of the meeting
Halilovic J; Christensen CL; Nguyen HH
Jenana Halilovic,1 Cinda L Christensen,2 Hien H Nguyen31University of the Pacific Thomas J Long School of Pharmacy, Stockton, CA, USA; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Services, University of California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA, USA; 3Division of Infectious Diseases, Section of Hospital Medicine, University of California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA, USAAbstract: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) programs should strive to deliver safe, cost effective, and hig...
The following working papers are included in this report. The other papers, or the memos of which they consist, are available from the IAEA Nuclear Data Section. WP2001-2 Inventory of TRANS files exchanged since the last meeting; WP2001-4 Data headings and units for wavelength and kT; WP2001-6 Proposed Polarization Quantities; WP2001-7 Correlation / Angular correlation: Clarifications and dictionary cleanup; WP2001-8 Proposed quantity PAR/M-,DA,G; WP2001-14 Units N/PART/SR etc. for Dict. 25; WP2001-15 Coding of differential neutron multiplicity distributions; WP2001-16 Headings E-LVL-INI, E-LVL-FIN as 'additional information'; WP2001-17 Dictionary sorting flags and wildcards; WP2001-18 IAEA/NDS priorities in the EXFOR compilation; WP2001-21 CSISRS Library Statistics (NNDC); WP2001-23 CINDA-2001 Manual (24 May 2001); WP2001-24 Correspondence of quantity codes for CINDA-2001; WP2001-25 EXFOR as a multi-platform relational database: current status of development; WP2001-26 Compilation and Evaluation of Alpha-Induced Nuclear Reaction Cross Sections for Astrophysics; WP2001-28 Journal coverage for CINDA
Chan, Kim Wei; Khong, Nicholas M H; Iqbal, Shahid; Ch'ng, Soo Ee; Younas, Umer; Babji, Abdul Salam
Cinnamon deodorised aqueous extract (CinDAE) was prepared and evaluated for its total phenolic (315.3 ± 35.4 mg GAE/g) and flavonoid (99.3 ± 9.6 mg RE/g) contents. Stabilizing efficiency of CinDAE, for chicken meatballs, was measured against oxidative deterioration as function of storage time under chilled conditions. For this purpose, oxidative stability [2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS); peroxide value (PV)], colour and sensory acceptability were measured in the control meatballs (C), and those stabilized with 200 ppm of: CinDAE (T1), ascorbic acid (T2), BHA/BHT (50/50; w/w) (T3). In comparison to "C", induction period (IP) and redness (a* value) of the stabilized samples (T1, T2 and T3) were increased, while PV and TBARS were decreased throughout storage (8 ± 1 °C) significantly (p BHT and may potentially function as a dietary antioxidant for meat products. PMID:26396320
The practical use of numerical techniques in simulating casting solidification dictate that a general purpose heat transfer code be used and that results be obtained in an easy-to-analyze format. Color film plotting routines were developed for use with NASA's CINDA-3G heat transfer code; the combination of which meet the above criteria. The subroutine LQSLTR written for SINDA, the successor to CINDA-3G, was verified by comparing calculated results obtained using LQSLTR with those obtained using the specific heat method for handling the heat of fusion. Excellent agreement existed when similar data was used. When the more restrictive requirement of a 10F melting range was used, comparable results were obtained. Uranium and lead rod castings were cast in instrumented graphite molds and the solidification sequence simulated using CINDA-3G. Discrepancies attributed to initial assumptions of instantaneous mold filling, uniform melt temperature, and intimate metal/mold contact were encountered. Further calculations using a model incorporating a gap between the mold and casting showed that the intimate contact assumption could not be used; a three-dimensional model also showed that the thermocouple assemblies used with the platinum--platinum-10 percent rhodium were a significant perturbation to the system. An L-shaped steel casting was simulated and the results compared to those reported in the literature. The experimental data for this casting were reproduced within the accuracy permitted by the thermal conductivity of the sand, thus demonstrating that agreement can be obtained when the mold material does not act as a chill. (U.S.)
JANIS is software developed to facilitate the visualization and manipulation of nuclear data, giving access to evaluated data libraries, and to the EXFOR and CINDA databases. It is stand-alone Java software, downloadable from the web and distributed on DVD. Used offline, the system also makes use of an internet connection to access the NEA Data Bank database. It is now also offered as a full web application, only requiring a browser. The features added in the latest version of the software and this new web interface are described
This issue contains bibliographic data describing: neutron nuclear data (CINDA); charged particle reaction data; experimental nuclear reaction data; evaluated nuclear data library (ENDF/B); libraries in formats other than ENDF/B, such as BOSPOR-78 (evaluated data for threshold neutron reactions), SOKRATOR (new USSR evaluations), INDL/A (IAEA nuclear data library for actinides). It includes the following descriptions of the recently received libraries: DAMSIG-77, DOCROS-77, JUELGAM-79, GSI gamma-ray library, KEDAK-3, PNESD, UKNDL-80, etc. A summary description and documentation of the multigroup cross section data libraries which exist at the IAEA is cited and new documents of interest are listed
This report summarizes the 1987 co-ordination meeting of the national and regional nuclear reaction data centers, convened by the IAEA at regular intervals. The main topics are: the international exchange of nuclear reaction data by means of the ''EXFOR'' system, and the further development of this system; the ''CINDA'' system as an international index and bibliography to neutron reaction data; the sharing of the workload for speedy and reliable data compilation; the exchange and documentation of evaluated data libraries in ENDF format, with the goal of rendering data center services to data users in IAEA Member States by means of computer retrievals and printed materials. (author). Refs, figs and tabs
This report summarizes the 1991 co-ordination meeting in Obninsk, Russia, of the national and regional nuclear reaction data centers, convened by the IAEA at regular intervals. The main topics are: the international exchange of nuclear reaction data by means of the ''EXFOR'' system, and the further development of this system; the ''CINDA'' system as an international index and bibliography to neutron reaction data; the sharing of the workload for speedy and reliable nuclear data compilation; the exchanged and documentation of evaluated data libraries in ENDF format, with the goal of rendering data center services to data users in IAEA Member States by means of computer retrievals, online services and printed materials
The report summarizes the co-ordination meeting of the network of Nuclear Reaction Data Centres organized by the IAEA in 1997. The meeting was attended by technical staff from ten member centres of the network (representing USA, Russia, China, Japan, Hungary, OECD-NEA and IAEA) to discuss technical matters of the nuclear data compilation and exchange by means of the jointly operated computerized systems CINDA, EXFOR, ENDF and others. Observers from Belgium and Ukraine also attended the meeting. The document includes status reports of all centres and selected working papers
This catalogue is the index to DASTAR, the DAta STorage And Retrieval System of the IAEA Nuclear Data Unit. For the first time, this issue indexes also some parts of evaluated data libraries held at the Nuclear Data Unit. CINDU is written in a slightly modified CINDA format and should be read with the help of the introduction to CINDA. Tables of abbreviations for references and laboratories mentioned in this issue are given on the verso of the front cover. The catalogue serves as a reference to all the experimental and calculated numerical data which are stored at the IAEA Nuclear Data Unit, and each set of data is referred to by an index-number, e.g. DASTAR-00896. The bibliographic references for each experiment are blocked together with the relevant data index entry. All of the indexed data are available to anyone on request. Data should be ordered by their index number. This issue of CINDU is distributed to data centres, members of the International Nuclear Data Committee, correspondents to the IAEA Nuclear Data Unit, and others who have expressed their interest. Entries which have been added or changed since the issue of CINDU-7 are marked with an asterisk following the entry date
The following working papers are included in this report: WP 2002-2, Dictionary Restructuring; WP-2002-4, Page numbers for REFERENCE (CP-C/285); WP-2002-5, Correlation quantities; WP 2002-8, Proposed data heading EN-CM-TOT (memo CP-A/121); WP 2002-9, Proposed high energy quantities (memo CP-A/123); WP 2002-11, Use of nuclide codes in SF 7 (memo CP-C/302); WP 2002-12, Redundant coding, new data heading PART-OUT; WP 2002-16, Zeros in error field (CP-C/306); WP 2002-17, Multiple appearance of the first Reference in EXFOR; WP 2002-18 + Add., EXFOR master file comparisons; WP 2002-19, Measures of Security at the NDS Open Area for EXFOR; WP 2002-20, New and revised entries received at NDS; WP 2002-21, EXFOR transmissions (NNDC); WP 2002-22, CINDA statistics (NNDC); WP 2002-24, CINDA batch exchange information (NDS); WP 2002-25, Journal coverage for CINDA; WP 2002-26, EXFOR-relational as multi-platform database (V. Zerkin); WP 2002-27, Completeness of EXFOR compil. as indexed by CINDA; WP 2002-28, Future NRDC Cooperation on CINDA: see Appendix 9; WP 2002-31, Development of Web Editor for Charged-Particle Nuclear Reaction Data (N. Otuka, H. Noto, A. Ohnishi, K. Kato). The following other papers, or the memos of which they consist, are available from the IAEA Nuclear Data Section: WP 2002-1, Actions of previous meetings (2002, 2001) see INDC(NDS)-427, pp.20-26, and INDC(NDS)-418, pp.26-31; WP 2002-3, Units for particle and product yields: see memos CP-C/294, 286; WP 2002-6, 4-momentum transfer and mom.distr.data: see memos CP-C/295 and CP-D/330; WP 2002-7, Several 'straightforward' new quantities: see memos CP-/C-291, 298 and CP-A/118; WP 2002-10, Quantities proposed by JCPRG (see memos DP-D/337, CP-E/004, 003); WP 2002-13, Clarifications on Product Yields and Thick Target Yields (see memo CP-D/332); WP 2002-14, Clarifications on Polarization quantities (see memo CP-D/320); WP 2002-15, New Legendre polynomial modifier proposed (see CP-C/305); WP 2002-23, see memo 4C-4
Full Text Available Jenana Halilovic,1 Cinda L Christensen,2 Hien H Nguyen31University of the Pacific Thomas J Long School of Pharmacy, Stockton, CA, USA; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Services, University of California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA, USA; 3Division of Infectious Diseases, Section of Hospital Medicine, University of California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, CA, USAAbstract: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT programs should strive to deliver safe, cost effective, and high quality care. One of the keys to developing and sustaining a high quality OPAT program is to understand the common challenges or barriers to OPAT delivery. We review the most common challenges to starting and managing an OPAT program and give practical advice on addressing these issues.Keywords: OPAT, quality, safety, program management
This it the progress report of the Executive Committee of the Japan Charged-Particle Nuclear Reaction Data Group (JCPRG). Since the last NRDC meeting in June 2003, the group has carried out the following activities: Compilation of CPND for NRDF and EXFOR; Compilation of CPND bibliographies for CINDA; Improvement of Web-based data input system HENDEL; Improvement of NRDF retrieval system DARPE; Development of utilization system for EXFOR and evaluated libraries; Data services for Japanese users. The regular JCPRG budget has ended at March 2001. They are applying a competitive budget for our further activity. The Executive Committee is organized by 7 researchers and 1 secretary. 6 postdoctoral researchers in Meme Media Lab. of Hokkaido Univ., 6 graduated students in Nuclear Physics Laboratory of Hokkaido Univ. and 1 technical staff work part-time. 1.5 equivalent man year is dedicated to NRDC Network activities
Description: Janis is a display program designed to facilitate the visualization and manipulation of nuclear data. Its objective is to allow the user of nuclear data to access numerical values and graphical representations without prior knowledge of the storage format. It offers maximum flexibility for the comparison of different nuclear data sets. See http://www.nea.fr/janis/ for more information. The Janis DVD contains the Janis software and ENDF formatted libraries (BROND-2.2, CENDL-2.1, ENDFB-VI.8, ENDFB-VII.0, FENDL-2.1, JEF-2.2, JEFF-3.0, JEFF-3.1, and JENDL-3.3, processed at 300 K), NUBASE-97 and NUBASE-2003, the CINDA bibliographical database and the EXFOR experimental reaction database. The DVD was generated in June 2007. Release 3.0 introduce three main changes: - Access to original EXFOR data, - Vectorial and customisable plots, - Tabular view of almost all data
The CINDA-3G computer code has been adapted to analyze the thermal responses and operating limitations of two fusion reactor first-wall concepts under normal cyclic operation. A component of an LMFBR computer code has been modified and adapted to analyze the ablative behavior of first-walls after a plasma disruption. The first-wall design concepts considered are a forced-circulation water-cooled stainless steel panel with and without a monolithic graphite liner. The thermal gradients in the metal wall and liner have been determined for several burn-cycle scenarios and the extent of surface ablation that results from a plasma disruption has been determined for stainless steel and graphite first surfaces
An international network of co-operating data centres is described who maintain identical data bases which are simultaneously updated by an agreed data exchange procedure. The agreement covers ''data exchange formats'' which are compatible to the centres' internal data storage and retrieval systems which remain different, optimized at each centre to the available computer facilities and to the needs of the data users. Essential condition for the data exchange is an agreement on common procedures for the data exchange is an agreement on common procedures for the data compilation, including critical data analysis and validation. The systems described (''EXFOR'', ''ENDF'', ''CINDA'') are used for ''nuclear reaction data'', but the principles used for data compilation and exchange should be valid also for other data types. (author). 24 refs, 4 figs
This report summarizes the 1996 co-ordination meeting in Brookhaven, U.S.A., of the national and regional nuclear reaction data center, convened by the IAEA at regular intervals. The main topics are: the international exchange of nuclear reaction data by means of the ''EXFOR'' system, and the further development of this system; the ''CINDA'' system as an international index and bibliography to neutron reaction data; the sharing of the workload for speedy and reliable nuclear data compilation and data center services; the exchange and documentation of evaluated data libraries in ''ENDF'' format; the rapid advances of online electronic information technologies, with the goal of rendering data center services to data users in IAEA Member States by means of computer retrievals, online services and printed materials. The scope of data covers microscopic cross-sections and related parameters of nuclear reactions induced by neutrons, charged-particles and photons. (author). Refs, figs, tabs
Luis Eduardo González
Full Text Available El propósito del presente artículo es comprender el concepto de calidad desde diferentes perspectivas. Se constata que este concepto posee distintos alcances en educación superior, dependiendo del ámbito de acción en el cual se aplica: procesos de evaluación, gestión, y planificación estratégica, entre otros. El artículo provee distintas miradas sistémicas que se traducen en modelos de evaluación y gestión de la calidad en la educación superior, tales como: TQM, EFQM, CINDA y MEXA.
This 6th International Symposium on Thermal Expansion, the first outside the USA, was held on August 29-31, 1977 at the Gull Harbour Resort on Hecla Island, Manitoba, Canada. Symposium Chairman was Ian D. Peggs, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, and our continuing sponsor was CINDAS/Purdue University. We made considerable efforts to broaden the base this year to include more users of expansion data but with little success. We were successful, however, in establishing a session on liquids, an area which is receiving more attention as a logical extension to the high-speed thermophysical property measurements on materials at temperatures close to their melting points. The Symposium had good international representation but the overall attendance was, disappointingly, relatively low. Neverthe less, this enhanced the informal atmosphere throughout the meeting with a resultant frank exchange of information and ideas which all attendees appreciated. A totally new item this year was the presentation of a bursary to ...
This technical paper describes a user-friendly computer program designed to analyze fluid-piping systems. Both the thermal and the hydraulic aspects of the problem are addressed simultaneously in order to provide coupled solutions. The program was developed specifically for aerospace applications such as the waste-heat acquisition and transport loops on the Space Station; however, the code is general and could be applied readily to any fluid loop. The thermal portion of the program is an existing analyzer, Mini-MITAS. This PC version of the generalized thermal analyzer MITAS can handle up to 1000 nodes and uses the traditional RC network approach for solving the thermal portion of the problem. Since this type of thermal analyzer is well known in the thermal community (BETA, SINDA, CINDA, and MITAS), the emphasis in this paper is on the hydraulic portion of the program
George, O.L. Jr.
The Salt Block II experiment consisted of a cylindrical block of bedded salt which was heated from within by a cylindrical electric heater. It was an extensively instrumented laboratory experiment that served, among other things, as a touchstone against which to measure the validity of a computer thermal model. The thermal model consisted of 282 nodes joined by 572 conductors, and was constructed for use with the CINDA heat transfer code. Both transient and steady-state temperature distributions within the salt were computed for heater power levels of 200, 400, 600, 1000 and 1500 watts. Temperature versus time plots are presented for 23 locations throughout the Block over a 58-day period. Comparisons of the model results and experimental results are shown for both transient and steady-state conditions. The computed steady-state results were used to develop equations describing both the temperature and the temperature derivative as functions of radial location.
This report summarizes the 1998 co-ordination meeting at the IAEA Headquarters in Vienna of the regional, national and specialized nuclear reaction data centers, concerned by the IAEA at two-year intervals. The main topics are: the international exchange of nuclear reaction data by means of the ''EXFOR'' system, and the further development of this system; the ''CINDA'' system as an international index and bibliography to neutron reaction data; the sharing of the workload for speedy and reliable nuclear data compilation and data center services; the exchange and documentation of evaluated data libraries in ''ENDF'' format; the rapid advances of online electronic information technologies, with goal of rendering data center services to data users in IAEA Member States by means of computer retrievals, online services and printed materials. The scope of data covers microscopic cross-sections and related parameters of nuclear reactions induced by neutrons, charged-particles and photons. (author)
A direct comparison of transient thermal calculations was made with the heat transfer codes HEATING5, THAC-SIP-3D, ADINAT, SINDA, TRUMP, and TRANCO for a hypothetical nuclear waste repository. With the exception of TRUMP and SINDA (actually closer to the earlier CINDA3G version), the other codes agreed to within +-5% for the temperature rises as a function of time. The TRUMP results agreed within +-5% up to about 50 years, where the maximum temperature occurs, and then began an oscillary behavior with up to 25% deviations at longer times. This could have resulted from time steps that were too large or from some unknown system problems. The available version of the SINDA code was not compatible with the IBM compiler without using an alternative method for handling a variable thermal conductivity. The results were about 40% low, but a reasonable agreement was obtained by assuming a uniform thermal conductivity; however, a programming error was later discovered in the alternative method. Some work is required on the IBM version to make it compatible with the system and still use the recommended method of handling variable thermal conductivity. TRANCO can only be run as a 2-D model, and TRUMP and CINDA apparently required longer running times and did not agree in the 2-D case; therefore, only HEATING5, THAC-SIP-3D, and ADINAT were used for the 3-D model calculations. The codes agreed within +-5%; at distances of about 1 ft from the waste canister edge, temperature rises were also close to that predicted by the 3-D model
The report summarises the work done in the field of nuclear data at the Nuclear Data Section of the IAEA (Web: http://www-nds.iaea.org/, e-mail: services at iaeand.iaea.org) for the period 1 May 2000 - 30 April 2001. Data compilation activities are related to CINDA data collection. CINDA 2000 was published as a cumulative issue including literature published and data files compiled/updated between 1988 and 2000. After a working version of the EXFOR database updating program CSIMER was obtained and the dictionary maintenance programs DAN2X4 and MAKEBACK were modified at NDS (to take care of last year's format change of the DANIEL dictionaries), a backlog in processing incoming TRANS files could be worked up and dictionary transmission 9077 was implemented and distributed in spring 2001 (following dictionary transmission 9076 of Summer 2000). New evaluated data libraries, files and data processing codes are advertised for distribution to the NDS customers. Some of these products were obtained through the network of co-operating centres, others comprise the results of the IAEA/NDS CRP projects. They include: IAEA Photonuclear Library; Charged-Particle Cross Section Database for Medical Radioisotope Production; FENDL/A in Pictures Presentation; PREPRO2000: 2000 ENDF/B Pre-processing Codes; Reference Neutron Activation Library (RNAL); POINT2000: A temperature Dependent ENDF/B-VI, Release 7 Cross Section Library. The EXFOR CD-ROM relational database under ACCESS-97 was finalized with a further improvement of the functionality, an acceleration of the data search, gathering statistics, simplification of the installation procedure of the plotting utility, CD-ROM Start up utility. An enhanced search facility on reaction products, including fission products specified only in data table, was developed (April 2001 EXFOR/Access version). The collaboration with other centres in the development of new approaches to the nuclear database management and data dissemination was
entered in DASTAR. However, an early complete list of references can be found in CINDA, the international Computer Index to the literature on microscopic Neutron Data. In addition to the external reference function filled by CINDA, the present CINDU catalog serves an internal function as the bibliographic part of DASTAR as well. This internal function required slight modifications of the CINDA format, in order to provide more comprehensive information and retrieval capabilities in the overall operation of the DASTAR system. The present form of the CINDU catalog is working satisfactorily; however, suggestions and comments on the system, and in particular corrections to the contents, are welcome. It is hoped that this bibliographical and reference catalog to the neutron data file of the IAEA Nuclear Data Unit will be of value to laboratories and scientists, help promote international data exchange, and stimulate further voluntary contributions
A total of 70 EXFOR entries for neutron induced experiments, were compiled and transmitted to the other data centres. Forty six (46) of these entries concerned new experiments. More than 600 new entries were compiled into the CINDA database in the same period. The updated CD-ROM version of the CINDA database has once again been distributed. In 2000 the Data Bank compiled ∼100 new data sets from charged particle induced experiments and these are currently undergoing testing before being entered into the EXFOR database. Due to additions to the database structure, a complete re-writing of the loading/retrieval programs (conversion from FORTRAN coding to PERL scripts) and hardware upgrades the loading has been delayed somewhat. Two versions of the JEFF-3.T general-purpose starter file were produced in 2000, following improvements to the evaluations through the correction of format and physics errors. New evaluations are incorporated as they become available (e.g. EFF files) or when changes to the initial recommendations (e.g. for Fission Products and Minor Actinides) are decided based on additional evidence. The validation of the file is ongoing in the form of calculations of a subset of the JEF-2.2 benchmarks. Special emphasis is being put on PWR uranium lattices, since earlier results showed a slight systematic underestimation of the reactivity of these lattices. For the production of the Radioactive Decay Data starter file, comparisons were made between the two libraries recently produced in the UK, UKPADD-6.1 and UKHEDD-2.2, and further evaluations based on NUBASE and ENSDF data. The first version of the JEFF-3.T Decay Data file, containing ∼3700 nuclides, was produced in late 2000 and extensive testing was applied including the development of specific methods for energy balance checks. These have been implemented into the FIZCON code, renamed EFIZCON. The NEA Data Bank has taken an initiative on behalf of the WPEC sub-group concerned with the High Priority
This report contains the bibliographic index data on photonuclear reactions and on their inverse ones, in the format similar to CINDA for neutron nuclear data. As photonuclear reactions the electron-induced reaction data are also included. As the inverse reactions considered are those induced by neutron, proton, deuteron, triton, helion and alpha particles. The index covers major journals on nuclear data published in 1995 to 1992, for all nuclides through hydrogen (H) to einsteinium (Es). The bibliographic index contains information on target nucleus, incident beam, type of reaction and quantity, energy range of incident beam, laboratory, type of work, reference citations, first author's name, and short comment. The index also contains the indication for information on cross-section data. All the index data are listed in the order of target element, target, mass and incident particle, and in the chronological order of reference data. Also a brief description is given on the data format, the abbreviations used and the journals surveyed. (author)
Full Text Available Introduction: Hearing loss is a frequent problem in childhood with an incidence of about one case per 1000 births. Control of deafness should be aimed at prevention and early diagnosis in efforts to provide appropriate treatment and stimulate adequate communication in children affected. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of different etiologies among deaf children with a diagnosis of prelingual sensorineural hearing loss referred to the Fundación CINDA in Bogotá, Colombia, between 1997 and 2008. Materials and methods: The medical records were selected from those with prelingual hearing loss. Information was gathered in a format containing variables related to the risk factors suggested by the Joint Committee of Infant Hearing. Results: We studied 254 children; boys and girls were equally distributed. The most common etiological diagnosis was «unknown cause», followed by genetic causes (31 cases, and 38 cases from TORCH infections (toxoplasmosis, others – syphilis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes, with rubella as the most common cause. Conclusions: Review of prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal history often reveals the cause of the deafness in children; therefore, appropriate evaluation of pregnant mothers could result in decreased frequency of deafness in children in our country.
The Data Bank's primary role is to provide scientists in member countries with reliable nuclear data and computer programs for use in different nuclear applications. The services include also thermochemical data for radioactive waste management applications. The Data Bank organises seminars and workshops to present information on computer programs or groups of programs that are considered to be of special interest to users. Training courses on widely used computer programs are organised a few times a year to ensure a correct and effective use of these programs. The nuclear data services are mainly provided through direct on-line access to the CINDA, EXFOR and EVA databases containing bibliographic, experimental and evaluated nuclear data respectively. Access to all the databases is open and free of charge. More than 100 new neutron reaction experiments and almost 200 charged particle experiments have been entered by the Data Bank into the EXFOR database since the beginning of 2005. The database is updated continuously and the delay between article publication and inclusion in EXFOR has been reduced. The JEFF-3.1 Nuclear Data Library is the latest version of the Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion Library. The complete suite of data was released in May 2005, and contains general purpose nuclear data evaluations compiled at the NEA Data Bank in co-operation with several laboratories in the Data Bank member countries. Processed data for Monte Carlo code applications was made available in spring 2006
Full Text Available Introduction: Hearing loss is a frequent problem in childhood with an incidence of about one case per 1000 births. Control of deafness should be aimed at prevention and early diagnosis in efforts to provide appropriate treatment and stimulate adequate communication in children affected. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of different etiologies among deaf children with a diagnosis of prelingual sensorineural hearing loss referred to the Fundación CINDA in Bogotá, Colombia, between 1997 and 2008.Materials and methods: The medical records were selected from those with prelingual hearing loss. Information was gathered in a format containing variables related to the risk factors suggested by the Joint Committee of Infant Hearing.Results: We studied 254 children; boys and girls were equally distributed. The most common etiological diagnosis was «unknown cause», followed by genetic causes (31 cases, and 38 cases from TORCH infections (toxoplasmosis, others – syphilis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes, with rubella as the most common cause.Conclusions: Review of prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal history often reveals the cause of the deafness in children; therefore, appropriate evaluation of pregnant mothers could result in decreased frequency of deafness in children in our country.
China Evaluated Nuclear Data Library, version 3 (CENDL-3) was accomplished in 2000. CENDL-3 contains about 206 nuclides. Among them, the data of 161 nuclei will be newly or reevaluated: Fissile nuclei 15 ( 233-239 U, 237 Np, 238-242 Pu, 241Am , 242 Am); Structure material nuclei 34 (Natural elements Ni, Cu, Zr, Hf, Pb and their isotopes, 23 Na, Nat Si); Light nuclei 3 ( 6Li, 7 Li, 9Be); Fission product nuclei 109. The benchmark testing for CENDL-3 is being carried out. Several problems in physics and format have been found on major fissile nuclides, and are being improved. CINDA activities comprised compilation od 118 entries from the works in communication of Nuclear Data Progress in 1999-2000. Two young staff members of CNDC have started the EXFOR compilation, and fished 16 entries measured in China. 'Communication of Nuclear Data Progress' (CNDP) has been published for 24 issues by CNDC and Atomic Energy Press science 1989, and it has been distributed by the IAEA Nuclear Data Section as an NDC document
The information processing using computers has been carried out in the field of atomic energy science internationally since early period, and CINDA and NEUDADA, which are the accumulation of the nuclear data on neutrons, and INIS for the search of literatures are the examples. In Japan, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute has functioned as the center for collecting, evaluating and distributing the international informations on atomic energy. In universities, various researcher groups have endeavored to make and utilize the data bases with the advance of functions of large computer centers. In the future plan of the Kyoto University Reactor Research Institute, the establishment of Atomic Energy Science Information Center is planned. In order to discuss the concept for this and refer to the state of activities in other fields, the short period study meeting was helt in 1979, and the special study meeting on the on-line processing of searching the scientific informations and literatures on atomic energy was established in 1980. This report summarizes the results of studies and investigations published in this special study meeting. The abstracts of five papers on various data bases are given. (Kako, I.)
Compilation of nuclear data is in progress in Japan, and the second edition of Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library (JENDL-2) will be published. The evaluation of the resonance parameters of U-233, which will be included in JENDL-2, has been made. The measured values of the resonance parameters after the publication of BNL-325 (second edition) were collected, and searched by using CINDA-78. The data by Blons, Kolar, Ryabov, and Bergen were used for the present evaluation. Complete set of the data was made for each measurement. Fission and capture areas integrated over energy intervals were obtained. The total, fission and capture cross-sections of U-233 were calculated from the various sets of complete resonance parameters, and shown in figures. The calculated values of total, fission and capture cross-sections based on the parameters by Blons were compared with the measured values. Correction of the resonance parameters with poor reproducibility was able to be made with the NDES system by Nakagawa. The final parameters which will be included in JENDL are shown in tables. (Kato, T.)
This report of the NDU covers the interval June 1968 to May 1969. For clarity of the records, it should be stated that this period was also the first year of the existence of the INDC; however, as such, it was the first in name only since essentially the committee had existed for several years, first as the ad hoc INDSWG and then as the Interim INDC. Thus there have been also previous reports by the NDU whose activities have been reported under the sub-titles of Meetings, Standards, Data Compilation and Exchange, and some additional item to cover items such as document exchange since these are continuing in nature. Although there are reasons for a change in such a presentation, the present report essentially adheres to the previous form to preserve continuity. A minor change has been made in the ambiguous case where the Agency convenes a Meeting on, say, Standards in which case the present approach is to include the corresponding report under Meetings rather than Standards. It is anticipated that the NDU may be encouraged by the INDC to continue to be involved in a small way in evaluation; in addition, it was noted that the Standards Panel reviewed cross sections which are candidates along with those of the fissile nuclides at 2200 m/sec for sustained evaluation monitoring by the NDU. It seemed appropriate to include together standard cross sections and standard cross section evaluations, thereby distinctly locating the recent 2200 m/sec. re-evaluation within this report. The activities of the NDU for June 1968 to May 1969 are grouped then under the principal headings of Meetings, INDC Secretariat Activities, Data Centre Activities, and Evaluation and Standards. Finally, it should be explicitly recalled that the formal recommendations of the 1st meeting of the INDC pertained to (a) support for the proposed 2nd International Conference on Nuclear Data; (b) convening of a Panel on Nuclear Data; and (c) the printing and distribution of CINDA. Action has taken place en
Full text: The Nuclear Data Section of the IAEA disseminates data to the NDS users through Internet or on CD-ROMs and diskettes. OSU Web-server on DEC Alpha with Open VMS and Oracle/DEC DBMS provides via CGI scripts and FORTRAN retrieval programs access to the main nuclear databases supported by the networks of Nuclear Reactions Data Centres and Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Centres (CINDA, EXFOR, ENDF, NSR, ENSDF). For Web-access to data from other libraries and files, hyper-links to the files stored in ASCII text or other formats are used. Databases on CD-ROM are usually provided with some retrieval system. They are distributed in the run-time mode and comply with all license requirements for software used in their development. Although major development work is done now at the PC with MS-Windows and Linux, NDS may not at present, due to some institutional conditions, use these platforms for organization of the Web access to the data. Starting the end of 1999, the NDS, in co-operation with other data centers, began to work out the strategy of migration of main network nuclear data bases onto platforms other than DEC Alpha/Open VMS/DBMS. Because the different co-operating centers have their own preferences for hardware and software, the requirement to provide maximum platform independence for nuclear databases is the most important and desirable feature. This requirement determined some standards for the nuclear database software development. Taking into account the present state and future development, these standards can be formulated as follows: 1. All numerical data (experimental, evaluated, recommended values and their uncertainties) prepared for inclusion in the IAEA/NDS nuclear database should be submitted in the form of the ASCII text files and will be kept at NDS as a master file. 2. Databases with complex structure should be submitted in the form of the files with standard SQL statements describing all its components. All extensions of standard SQL
Full text: The OECD/Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank was established as an institution for the collection, verification, validation, and dissemination of the basic tools used today for nuclear energy system design and simulation under different operating conditions. These tools comprise standardized databases with microscopic nuclear and chemical thermodynamic data, computer programs covering a wide range of applications, as well as information and data from integral experiments on fissile material systems, on reactor and radiation shielding mock-ups and on in-core fuel behaviour. They are continuously improved through user experience and feedback. The OECD/NEA Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) has identified the importance to establish international experiments databases, and is working in close collaboration with the Data Bank concerning the compilation, verification and dissemination of the compiled data. The main objective of this data preservation activity is to minimise the risk of losing highly valued knowledge developed in member countries, and to prevent additional costs to future generations should they reopen the issue of the development of similar nuclear systems. By fostering the current work, the Data Bank will become a center providing its members countries with a solid reference on which to base their future work. The collected information is preserved in an agreed standard format in computer accessible form. for use in the validation of current and new calculational schemes, for assessing uncertainties, confidence bounds and safety margins, and to record measurement methods and techniques. Training courses and workshops are mechanisms used for transferring the Data Bank's accumulated knowledge through world-wide participation of experts. The databases established so far cover the following areas: EXFOR and CINDA (experimental neutron-and charged particle induced reaction data and their bibliographic index with over 123,000 experiments from 70 years of
From April 2004 to March 2005, CPND in 45 references (540 records, 2.12 MB) have been newly compiled for NRDF. The data had been measured in Japan and published in JPJ, NST, PR/C, PRL, PL/B, NP, ARI, NP/A, NIM/A, EPJ/A and RCA. Some numerical data of Japanese work received from NNDC are now in process of compilation. Author proofs have been made for several entries related to Cyclotron Radioisotope Center (CYRIC) in Tohoku University and Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering in Kyushu University. We prepare CINDA batches for CPND published in Japan every half a year. Each batch covers 6 issues of each of 3 Japanese journals JPJ, PTP and NST. Some relevant proceedings and reports are also compiled. The first batch (86 new records) was submitted to NEA in July 2004, though the batch will be corrected according to the decision at 2004 NRDC meeting. The total number of records submitted to NEA-DB is then 141. Neutron related bibliographies are compiled by JAERI Nuclear Data Center as before. A Web-based nuclear data input system is maintained and revised. Internal dictionaries for the system were immediately updated with that for NRDF or EXFOR. This system is available at our web site: http://jcprg.hucc.hokudai.ac.jp/editor/. The NRDF database is available at our web site: http://www.jcprg.org/nrdf/. New data, which has been finalized not yet for EXFOR but for NRDF, can be obtained from this site. The new EXFOR and ENDF retrieval system named SPES is being developed by the cooperation between JCPRG and JAERI. In this system, we can retrieve the required data from EXFOR and ENDF at the same time, and then draw 2D or 3D viewgraphs of cross sections or angular distributions in the same panel. A prototype of ENDF plotting tool for (PENDL) is also available at http://www.jcprg.org/endf/. A new digitizing system GSYS based on Java has been developed. This new system works on any kind of the operating system. With GSYS, one can easily read-in and
The NEA Data Bank services celebrate its 40th anniversary in 2004. During all these years, the Data Bank's primary role has been to provide scientists in member countries with reliable nuclear data and computer programs for use in different nuclear applications. The services include also Thermochemical data for radioactive waste management applications. The Data Bank organises seminars and workshops to present information on computer programs or groups of programs that are considered to be of special interest to users. Training courses on widely used computer programs are organised a few times a year to ensure a correct and effective use of these programs. The Data Bank member countries are: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and United Kingdom. Users of the Data Bank services include governmental research institutes, industry and universities. By arrangement with IAEA, the Data Bank computer program service covers both Data Bank countries and member states of IAEA, except USA and Canada where a separate agreement covers nuclear data and computer program exchanges. The NEA Data Bank also maintains a close cooperation with the NEA Nuclear Science Section, which provides useful feedback on the performance of computer programs and nuclear data through a number of benchmark studies, especially in the areas of reactor and fuel cycle physics, criticality safety, and radiation shielding. This report describes the Organisation, Nuclear Data Services (EXFOR and CINDA, JANIS-2 and the Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion (JEFF) Project and JEFF-3.1). The computer program services have during its 40 years of existence distributed in total about 67 000 programs upon request. In 2003, the Data Bank acquired 70 new or revised versions of computer codes. During the same period, the NEA distributed more than 1
The annual meeting of the Data Bank management committee (the NEA Nuclear Science Committee Executive Group) was held in June 2007. The main discussion concerned future directions of the NEA Data Bank and general views on how to maintain high quality services to member countries. A secretary for the head of the Data Bank, Roopa Chauhan, has been appointed, while Federico Mompean has left the TDB project and the NEA. The compilation of experimental data into the EXFOR database has progressed as planned with 58 new neutron induced data sets and 67 new charged-particle induced data sets entered since the last NRDC meeting. The CINDA database, containing bibliographic information, has been updated and was published in 7 volumes (in total 5400 pages) as an archival book in September 2007. It was distributed worldwide to about 250 libraries, research facilities and nuclear data centres. The JANIS nuclear data display software has been upgraded and a beta version was released in April 2007. The official version of JANIS-3 was released in June 2007 after further checking of the software. It is now a much appreciated tool for nuclear data users, with over 25 000 accesses per month to the NEA databases containing nuclear data. The high priority request list for nuclear data, within the Working Party on international nuclear data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC), has been updated and contains now 5 high priority requests and 6 general requests. The requests are divided into 'general' and 'high priority', and the rules for 'general' requests to be accepted have been relaxed so as to admit more of this type. A new WPEC subgroup (number 30 in the series) was formed to deal with the 'Quality assessment and improvement of usability of the experimental database EXFOR' in collaboration with the NRDC. A validation report of JEFF-3.1, JEFF Report 22, is being prepared and the structure of the report has been decided. The plan for the next nuclear data library, JEFF-3.2, was outlined
After surveying current world needs for bibliographic and compilation activities in the field of neutron data, the report of this Panel of 31 individual technical experts, considers the immediate and future role of the world's neutron data centres in this task. In Chapter V the Panel's findings are summarized in the form of recommendations directed to the centres and their associated national and international advisory committees together with all users of the centres. The Panel's recommendations can be summarised as follows: a) The need for bibliographic indexing and numerical compilation of neutron data on an international basis has been clearly demonstrated and should continue for the foreseeable future; b) The operation of CINDA has been extremely satisfactory; c) Neutron data should be compiled at all energies by all centres subject to any mutually agreed exceptions and priorities; d) A fine-meshed classification scheme for neutron reactions should be formulated and put into use before the end of 1969 in accordance with the timetable; e) A scheme for associating a detailed statement of the main characteristics of each experiment with compilations of the resulting data should be formulated and put into preliminary operation before the end of 1969; f) The immediate primary tasks of the principal data centres are to complete the compilation of existing numerical data, whilst keeping abreast of new data, and to agree and implement an improved compilation, storage and retrieval system; g) Input of experimental data can be facilitated by specific measures; h) Centres should publish review publications which they believe will serve the user community; i) The centres should provide data to users in a variety of media: printed listings, graphs, paper tape, punched cards and magnetic tape - but should encourage standardization within each medium so as to free effort to meet special requirements of users having limited computer facilities; j) Centres should hold and
This meeting was convened with the aim to review the activities of the Nuclear Data Section (NDS) covering the period 2000-2003, and to advise the IAEA/ NDS regarding the programme/budget for the two-year period of 2004-2005. The deliberations in plenary and working group sessions led to a lengthy series of conclusions and recommendations that are given in the full report. Conclusions of particular note are as follows: Nuclear data compilation activities (CINDA and EXFOR) are unique and are judged to be proceeding well. The 13-centre data exchange network is well co-ordinated and led by the NDS. However, the organisation of the Nuclear Reaction Data Centres Network needs to be simplified through the appointment of an overall co-ordinator (overseer) from within NDS. Additional efforts are also recommended to compile charged particle data; The geographical distribution of data services via on-line retrieval is satisfying. The mirror site established in Brazil is functioning reasonably well, and the establishment of a smaller regional facility in India is recommended; The Committee expressed apprehension that, with the retirement/loss of several experienced staff members, some of the activities of the NDS may be seriously hampered. The INDC strongly recommends that all emerging NDS vacancies are occupied as soon as possible with suitable staff possessing the appropriate expertise; The Committee recognised that data dissemination and international co-ordination represent a very important component of the NDS activities. It was seriously concerned about the reduction in the programme portion of the budget and recommended restoring it to its previous level; The Committee judged the four CRP proposals now in the process of start-up, viz. neutron standards, model parameters, Th-U fuel cycle and therapeutic radionuclides, as very important, and recommended their urgent initiation; Based on extensive discussions, following two new CRPs were highly recommended: updated decay