WorldWideScience

Sample records for cierny vah precerpavacia

  1. Immune response studies with Wuchereria bancrofti vespid allergen homologue (WbVAH) in human lymphatic filariasis

    OpenAIRE

    Anand, Setty Balakrishnan; Gnanasekar, Munirathinam; Thangadurai, Mani; Prabhu, Prince R.; Kaliraj, Perumal; RAMASWAMY, KALYANASUNDARAM

    2007-01-01

    A homologue of Brugia malayi venom allergen (BmVAH) was cloned from the infective stages (L3) of Wuchereria bancrofti. Sequence analysis showed 90% sequence identity between WbVAH and BmVAH. Recombinant WbVAH was then expressed and purified. VAH from other nematode parasites is being evaluated as potential vaccine candidates. Because W. bancrofti infections are more prevalent than B. malayi, it will significantly benefit using W. bancrofti antigens for vaccine development. In this study, we h...

  2. The current state of forests in the lower reaches of the Vah section Sala - Nove Mesto nad Vahom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Area of interest lies in the central part of the Danube plain and extends along both sides of the river Vah. Naturally occurring habitats close to small-scale, and are considerable anthropicly contingent either directly (forestry) or indirectly (modified water regime). The contribution gives phyto-sociological characteristics of forests in the lower reaches of the Vah section Sala - Nove Mesto nad Vahom. We drew up the 21 phyto-sociological entries characterizing forest vegetation, which we classified into two associations Salici-Populetum, Fraxino Ulmetum-and community-Crataegus monogyna Populus nigra.

  3. Měření hmotnosti pomocí tenzometrů z elektronických vah

    OpenAIRE

    Šenfluk, Petr

    2014-01-01

    Tématem semestrálního projektu je měření hmotnosti s využitím tenzometrů z levných digitálních vah. Práce popisuje problémy spojené s použitím tenzometrů, jako jsou teplotní kompenzace a požadavky přesné napěťové reference a shrnuje funkci a zapojení levných digitálních vah využívajících čtyři tenzometry. Výsledkem práce je návrh koncepce zapojení pro měření hmotnosti za použití čtyř tenzometrů z analyzované váhy. The aim of the thesis is weigh measurement using strain gauges from cheap di...

  4. Scenarios of changes of selected components of hydrosphere and biosphere in catchment basin of Hron River and Vah River as consequence of climatic change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This text-book consist of the following parts: (1) Hydrologic and climatic relationship of catchment basins; (2) Space interpretation of outputs of climatic scenarios in catchment basins of Hron River and Vah River by geostatistical methods; (3) Teleconnection of annual overflows with SO, NAO, AO and QBO phenomenons; (4) Snow; (5) Mathematical model for modelling of influence of climatic changes on runoff processes; (6) Multi-linear model of transformation of runoff in river-basins; (7) Influence of climatic change on capacity utilization of reserve volume of water reservoir Orava River; (8) Quality of surface waters; (9) Influence of climatic changes on biological factors and soil hydrology; (10) Proposal of framing adaptation arrangements.

  5. Dicty_cDB: SSJ446 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available litlklfkq saivisgsfnlvgsisiqvis*angspgeqgvt*svitegsslegaliclk*vah*tart gciiasftnepisepe*psvksanfl*sa*tnvfgve...tpscpkslvnstylsksalltdglitlklfkq saivisgsfnlvgsisiqvis*angspgeqgvt*svitegsslegali

  6. Detection and quantification of virulent Aeromonas hydrophila in channel catfish tissues following waterborne challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dunhua; Moreira, Gabriel S A; Shoemaker, Craig; Newton, Joseph C; Xu, De-Hai

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to understand the pathogenesis of motile aeromonas septicemia caused by an emergent, high virulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus Adipose fin clipped catfish were challenged with vAh using a waterborne challenge method, and the distribution of vAh over a time course was detected and quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that 77.8% of fish died within 48 h post challenge with mean day to death of 1.5 days. At 2 h post challenge, vAh (inferred from genomic DNA copies or genome equivalents) was detected in all external and internal tissues sampled. Gill had the highest vAh cells at 1 h post challenge. Spleen harbored the most vAh cells among internal organs at 4 h post challenge. The tissues/organs with most vAh cells detected at 8 h post challenge were adipose fin, blood, intestine, kidney and skin, while liver showed the highest vAh cells at 24 h post challenge. These results suggest that vAh was able to rapidly proliferate and spread, following wound infection, through the fish blood circulation system and cause mortality within 8-24 h. PMID:27044300

  7. Draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas mosselii Gil3, isolated from catfish and antagonistic against hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pseudomonas mosselii Gil3 was isolated from a catfish that survived from lethal challenge with hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh). When assayed in vitro, the bacterium showed antagonism against vAh. Sequence analysis revealed that the genome of P. mosselii Gil3 encodes numerous aromatic metabo...

  8. Kunst linnaruumi, kunst vaatajani! : Madalmaad / Kirke Kangro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Kirke, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Skulptuurinäitusest "Den Haag Sculptuur 2004" Haagi kesklinnas. Sümpoosioni peateemaks "Giants: European Conversation Pieces / Hiiglased: Euroopa vestluskillud". Kuraator Marie Jeanne de Rooij. Balint Havasi ja Andras Galiku (Little Warsaw, Ungari) võidutööst, Damien Hirsti (Inglismaa), Esther Brugginki ja Tom Claasseni (Holland), Anton Cierny (Slovakkia), Monika Sosnowska (Poola) ning Eesti esindanud Kirke Kangro tööst

  9. Antifouling property of the fruits of Randia brandisii (Rubiaceae) and Sapindus trifoliatus (Sapindaceae)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sawant, S.S.; Wagh, A.B.

    Methanol extracts of fruits of Randia brandisii (Gamble) and Sapindus trifoliatus (Vah) were assessed for marine antifouling properties. The coatings of these crude extracts on aluminium coupons were found to inhibit settlement of macrofoulers...

  10. The effect of combined glutamate receptor blockade in the NTS on the hypoxic ventilatory response in awake rats differs from the effect of individual glutamate receptor blockade

    OpenAIRE

    Pamenter, Matthew E.; Nguyen, Jetson; Carr, John A.; Powell, Frank L.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Ventilatory acclimatization to hypoxia (VAH) increases the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) and causes persistent hyperventilation when normoxia is restored, which is consistent with the occurrence of synaptic plasticity in acclimatized animals. Recently, we demonstrated that antagonism of individual glutamate receptor types (GluRs) within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) modifies this plasticity and VAH (J. Physiol. 592(8):1839–1856); however, the effects of combined GluR antag...

  11. The risk analysis and regularity of posterior circulation infarction in vertigo patients with vertebral artery dysplasia%眩晕并椎动脉发育不良患者后循环梗死的规律及危险性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鹿桂凤; 张道培; 张杰文; 张淑玲; 马乾坤; 尹所

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the prevalence of vertebral artery dysplasia (VAH)and its risk and regularity of poste-rior circulation infarction (PCI)in vertigo patients with VAH.Method We sequentially enrolled 245 patients suspected of vas-cular vertigo,detected by Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)to judge if merged with VAH,who were divided into cere-bral infarction group and non-infarction group according to whether VAH formed fresh infarction or not measured by Diffu-sion-weighted Imaging (DWI).Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify significant risk factors for PCI stroke.Finally,we analyzed the characteristics and regularity of PCI with VAH.Result The prevalence of VAH was 26.1% in vertigo patients.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that VAH (OR=2.59,95%CI:1.07-6. 27,P=0.035),stenosis of the posterior circulation (OR=6.04,95%CI:1.94-1 7.07,P=0.002)and diabetes mellitus (OR=3.21,95%CI:1.36-7.57,P=0.008)were independent risk factors for PCI.The TOAST subtypes of PCI with VAH were mainly attributed to small arteries occlusions (10/18).8 patients with cerebral infarctions which were located at pons,thala-mus and temporal occipital lobe infarction occurred on the opposite VAH,4 patients with cerebellar and medullary infarction occurred in the ipsilateral VAH (4/6).Conclusion VAH is common in vertigo patients,which may be an independent risk factor for PCI with certain regularity of its infarction distribution.%目的:探讨椎动脉发育不良(vertebralartery dysplasia,VAH)在眩晕患者中的发生率及其相关后循环梗死的规律和危险性。方法连续入组245例眩晕患者(可疑为血管性),采用磁共振血管成像检查合并 VAH 情况,根据磁共振弥散加权成像是否出现后循环新鲜梗死灶分为梗死组和非梗死组,对相关血管危险因素进行单因素和多因素分析;并分析 VAH合并后循环梗死的特点和规律。结果VAH 发生率26.1%(64/245)

  12. Teleconnections of Inter-Annual Streamflow Fluctuation in Slovakia with Arctic Oscillation, North Atlantic Oscillation, Southern Oscillation, and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation Phenomena

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pavla PEKAROVA; Jan PEKAR

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to analyze a possible teleconnection of Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO), Southern Oscillation (SO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), and Arctic Oscillation (AO) phenomena with longterm streamflow fluctuation of the Bela River (1895-2004) and Cierny Hron River (1931-2004) (central Slovakia). Homogeneity, long-term trends, as well as inter-annual dry and wet cycles were analyzed for the entire 1895-2004 time series of the Bela River and for the 1931-2004 time series of the Cierny Hron River.Inter-annual fluctuation of the wet and dry periods was identified using spectral analysis. The most significant period is that of 3.6 years. Other significant periods are those of 2.35 years, 13.5 years, and 21 years.Since these periods were found in other rivers of the world, as well as in SO, NAO, and AO phenomena,they can be considered as relating to the general regularity of the Earth.

  13. Classification of a Hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila Pathotype Responsible for Epidemic Outbreaks in Warm-Water Fishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen-Ivey, Cody R.; Hossain, Mohammad J.; Odom, Sara E.; Terhune, Jeffery S.; Hemstreet, William G.; Shoemaker, Craig A.; Zhang, Dunhua; Xu, De-Hai; Griffin, Matt J.; Liu, Yong-Jie; Figueras, Maria J.; Santos, Scott R.; Newton, Joseph C.; Liles, Mark R.

    2016-01-01

    Lineages of hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) are the cause of persistent outbreaks of motile Aeromonas septicemia in warm-water fishes worldwide. Over the last decade, this virulent lineage of A. hydrophila has resulted in annual losses of millions of tons of farmed carp and catfish in the People's Republic of China and the United States (US). Multiple lines of evidence indicate US catfish and Asian carp isolates of A. hydrophila affiliated with sequence type 251 (ST251) share a recent common ancestor. To address the genomic context for the putative intercontinental transfer and subsequent geographic spread of this pathogen, we conducted a core genome phylogenetic analysis on 61 Aeromonas spp. genomes, of which 40 were affiliated with A. hydrophila, with 26 identified as epidemic strains. Phylogenetic analyses indicate all ST251 strains form a coherent lineage affiliated with A. hydrophila. Within this lineage, conserved genetic loci unique to A. hydrophila were identified, with some genes present in consistently higher copy numbers than in non-epidemic A. hydrophila isolates. In addition, results from analyses of representative ST251 isolates support the conclusion that multiple lineages are present within US vAh isolated from Mississippi, whereas vAh isolated from Alabama appear clonal. This is the first report of genomic heterogeneity within US vAh isolates, with some Mississippi isolates showing closer affiliation with the Asian grass carp isolate ZC1 than other vAh isolated in the US. To evaluate the biological significance of the identified heterogeneity, comparative disease challenges were conducted with representatives of different vAh genotypes. These studies revealed that isolate ZC1 yielded significantly lower mortality in channel catfish, relative to Alabama and Mississippi vAh isolates. Like other Asian vAh isolates, the ZC1 lineage contains all core genes for a complete type VI secretion system (T6SS). In contrast, more virulent US isolates

  14. Drought, drought.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper author deals with influence of climatic changes on overflow of Slovak rivers Orava River, Vah River and Danube River and role of hydropower dams at compensating of the overflow as well as at the poundage of impact dry period on overflow in rivers and at assurance of sufficiency of water for the industry and irrigation of fields

  15. Classification of a hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila pathotype responsible for epidemic outbreaks in warm-water fishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lineages of hypervirulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) are the cause of persistent outbreaks of motile Aeromonas septicemia in warm-water fishes worldwide. Over the last decade, this virulent lineage of A. hydrophila has resulted in annual losses of millions of tons of farmed carp and catfish in the P...

  16. The auditory dorsal stream plays a crucial role in projecting hallucinated voices into external space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Looijestijn, Jasper; Diederen, Kelly M. J.; Goekoop, Rutger; Sommer, Iris E. C.; Daalman, Kirstin; Kahn, Rene S.; Hoek, Hans W.; Blom, Jan Dirk

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Verbal auditory hallucinations (VAHs) are experienced as spoken voices which seem to originate in the extracorporeal environment or inside the head. Animal and human research has identified a 'where' pathway for sound processing comprising the planum temporale, the middle frontal gyrus

  17. Õhksoojuspumbad vastavad lubadustele / Markku Lindell, Juho Huttula ; tõlge Ingrid Maasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindell, Markku

    2009-01-01

    Võrdluses on 6 soojuspumpa: Gree Artful 12, IVT Nordic Inverter 12 GR-N, Mitsubishi Electric Kirigamine+ MSZ-FD35VAH, Panasonic Flagship HE12GKE, Technibel Techno GRF128R51, Toshiba RAS-13S-ND. Vt. samas: Pekka Rantti. Kuidas mõõdeti

  18. Draft genome sequences of four virulent aeromonas hydrophila strains from catfish aquaculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Since 2009, a clonal group of virulent Aeromonas hydrophila (VAh) strains has been causing severe disease in the catfish aquaculture industry in the Southeastern United States. Here, we report draft genomes of four A. hydrophila isolates from catfish aquaculture that represent this clonal group....

  19. Effect of vertebral artery hypoplasia on the territory-related perfusion of posterior inferior cerebellar artery%椎动脉发育不全对小脑后下动脉供血区脑灌注的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马乾坤; 张道培; 张杰文; 张淑玲; 鹿桂凤; 尹所

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨椎动脉发育不全(vertebral artery hypoplasia,VAH )对小脑后下动脉供血区脑灌注的影响。方法选择2014-12—2015-07年龄≥30岁并行头颅磁共振灌注成像和头颈部三维对比增强磁共振血管造影检查的头晕或眩晕患者244例。获脑血流量(CBF)、脑血容量(CBV)、平均通过时间(MTT)和达峰时间(TTP)灌注图,测量一侧小脑后下动脉供血区及对侧镜像区的灌注参数值(CBF、CBV、MTT、TTP),计算椎动脉直径较小侧/对侧镜像区的灌注参数相对比值(rCBF、rCBV、rMTT、rTTP)。定义 VAH 为椎动脉直径≤2 mm,或双侧椎动脉不对称比≥1.7:1,分为 VAH 组和 non-VAH(Non-hypoplasitic vertebral artey)组,对临床资料和小脑、延髓灌参数相对比值进行比较。结果共纳入114例患者,男女各57例;VAH 组31例(27.2%),左侧5例(16%),右侧26例(84%);Non-VAH 组83例。2组间 VA 直径较小侧与对侧的 rTTP和 rCBF≤0.85的例数存在显著统计学差异(P 值分别为0.005,0.031);rCBF 倾向于有统计学差异(P =0.098);rCBV、rMTT 及 rCBV≤0.85例数无显著统计学差异。结论VAH 可以造成小脑后下动脉供血区域低灌注改变,且以 TTP 延长或 CBF 降低为主。%Objective To investigate the effect of vertebral artery hypoplasia on the territory perfusion of posterior inferi-or cerebellar artery (PICA).Methods 244 patients with vertigo or dizziness (age≥30 years old)from December 2014 to July 201 5 were selected as subjects who underwent brain perfusion-weighted imaging (pWI)and three-dimensional dynamic con-trast-enhanced MRA (3D DCE-MRA).The perfusion figures of cerebral blood flow(CBF),cerebral blood volume(CBV),mean transit time(MTT)and time to peak(TTP)were obtained.The perfusion parameters including CBF,CBV,MTT and TTP val-ues were measured at PICA areas and at the opposite mirror-imaging areas.Relative perfusion parameter values (rCBF,rCBV, rMTT and rTTP)defined as the ratio of the

  20. The effect of combined glutamate receptor blockade in the NTS on the hypoxic ventilatory response in awake rats differs from the effect of individual glutamate receptor blockade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamenter, Matthew E; Nguyen, Jetson; Carr, John A; Powell, Frank L

    2014-08-01

    Ventilatory acclimatization to hypoxia (VAH) increases the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) and causes persistent hyperventilation when normoxia is restored, which is consistent with the occurrence of synaptic plasticity in acclimatized animals. Recently, we demonstrated that antagonism of individual glutamate receptor types (GluRs) within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) modifies this plasticity and VAH (J. Physiol. 592(8):1839-1856); however, the effects of combined GluR antagonism remain unknown in awake rats. To evaluate this, we exposed rats to room air or chronic sustained hypobaric hypoxia (CSH, PiO2 = 70 Torr) for 7-9 days. On the experimental day, we microinjected artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF: sham) and then a "cocktail" of the GluR antagonists MK-801 and DNQX into the NTS. The location of injection sites in the NTS was confirmed by glutamate injections on a day before the experiment and with histology following the experiment. Ventilation was measured in awake, unrestrained rats breathing normoxia or acute hypoxia (10% O2) in 15-min intervals using barometric pressure plethysmography. In control (CON) rats, acute hypoxia increased ventilation; NTS microinjections of GluR antagonists, but not ACSF, significantly decreased ventilation and breathing frequency in acute hypoxia but not normoxia (P NTS significantly decreased ventilation in normoxia and breathing frequency in hypoxia. A persistent HVR after combined GluR blockade in the NTS contrasts with the effect of individual GluR blockade and also with results in anesthetized rats. Our findings support the hypotheses that GluRs in the NTS contribute to, but cannot completely explain, VAH in awake rats.

  1. Eco information 5. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within May 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - May 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 1.646 TBq (0.082% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 1.716 MBq (0.002% AL) for V1), 1.307 MBq (0.139% of AL) for A1 and 0.210 MBq (0.070% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.382 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a May 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.304 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.256 MBq (V1), 0.120 MBq (A1) and 0.037 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.056 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.136 MBq (V1) and 5.841 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 35.5 GBq (V1) and 16.479 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River) and 0.005 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - May 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 6.355 MBq (0.049% of AL) for V1, 33.253 MBq (0.277% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 256.5 GBq (1.283% of AL) for V1, 77.304 GBq (0.773 of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.041 GBq (0.020% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  2. Eco information 4. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within April 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - April 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 1.343 TBq (0.067% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 1.460 MBq (0.002% AL) for V1), 1.187 MBq (0.126% of AL) for A1 and 0.174 MBq (0.058% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.326 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a April 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.294 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.274 MBq (V1), 0.137 MBq (A1) and 0.046 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.056 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.506 MBq (V1) and 8.145 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 24.7 GBq (V1) and 18.801 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River) and 0.008 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - April 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 5.219 MBq (0.040% of AL) for V1, 27.412 MBq (0.228% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 221.0 GBq (1.105% of AL) for V1, 60.825 GBq (0.608 of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.036 GBq (0.015% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  3. Eco information 2. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within February 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - February 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.745 TBq (0.037% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 0.851 MBq (0.001% AL) for V1), 0.813 MBq (0.09% of AL) for A1 and 0.040 MBq (0.013% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.116 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a February 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.274 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.414 MBq (V1), 0.283 MBq (A1) and 0.029 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 1.092 MBq (V1) of iodine; 0.813 MBq (V1) and 6.947 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 33.9 GBq (V1) and 10.57 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River and 0.009 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - February 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 2.171 MBq (0.017% of AL) for V1, 9.63 MBq (0.08% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 158.3 GBq (0.792% of AL) for V1, 26.68 GBq (0.24% of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.009 GBq (0.004% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  4. Eco information 3. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within March 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - March 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 1.049 TBq (0.037% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 1.186 MBq (0.001% AL) for V1), 1.045 MBq (0.112% of AL) for A1 and 0.128 MBq (0.043% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.270 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a March 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.304 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.335 MBq (V1), 0.236 MBq (A1) and 0.088 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.154 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.542 MBq (V1) and 9.640 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 37.9 GBq (V1) and 18.336 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River) and 0.0109 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - March 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 3.713 MBq (0.029% of AL) for V1, 19.267 MBq (0.08% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 196.3 GBq (0.981% of AL) for V1, 42.023 GBq (0.420 of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.028 GBq (0.014% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  5. Clean-up levels for recovery of a 137Cs contaminated site in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 19 km long banks of the Bohunice NPP waste water recipient (Manivier canal (0.3 m3/s) and Dudvah River (0.8 m3/s)) has been identified as contaminated by 137Cs as a result of two accidents on the CO2 cooled and heavy water moderated NPP-A1 unit in 1976 and 1977. Until 1992, NPP waste water had been derived through a 5 km-long canal to the Dudvah River (Qa 1.8 m3/s) conducting with the Vah River (150 m3/s) after 13 km downstream at 90 km from Vah's mouth into the Danube River. Between 1976 and 1978, when both accidents happened, construction of a flood control project on Dudvah River had just been being implemented in the length of 8 km upstream of its mouth. In the next upstream part of the River with about 5 km long river section, affected by NPP, the flood control conditions are insufficient and has, hitherto, caused permanent concern of the public. In this paper authors deals with the radiological characterization of the contaminated banks, re-consideration of the restoration project, criteria dose assessments and cleanup level developments, as well as present conditions for implementation of planned bank restoration

  6. The lead-acid battery industry in China: outlook for production and recycling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Xi; Wu, Yufeng; Gong, Yu; Zuo, Tieyong

    2015-11-01

    In 2013, more than four million (metric) tons (MT) of refined lead went into batteries in China, and 1.5 MT of scrap lead recycled from these batteries was reused in other secondary materials. The use of start-light-ignition (SLI), traction and energy storage batteries has spread in China in recent decades, with their proportions being 25.6%, 47.2% and 27.2%, respectively, in 2012. The total production of these batteries increased from 296,000 kVAh in 2001 to 205.23 MkVAh in 2013, with manufacturing located mainly in the middle and eastern provinces of the country. In this paper, we find that the market share of SLI batteries will decrease slightly, the share of traction batteries will continuously increase with the emergence of clean energy vehicles, and that of energy storage batteries will increase with the development of the wind energy and photovoltaic industries. Accounting for lead consumption in the main application industries, and the total social possession, it is calculated that used lead batteries could generate 2.4 MT of scrap lead in 2014, which is much higher than the 1.5 MT that was recycled in 2013. Thus, the current recycling rate is too low. It is suggested that while building large-scale recycling plants, small-scale plants should be banned or merged.

  7. Meteorological aspects of benzene transport, dispersion and personal exposure in Valdez, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, D.R.; Ball, R.J. [TRC Environmental Corp., Windsor, CT (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Valdez Air Health Study (VAHS) was conducted in Valdez, Alaska to determine the personal exposure of the residential population of Valdez to certain volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The VAHS used the EPA`s Total Exposure Assessment Methodology (TEAM) with continuous meteorology, air quality and intense tracer measurements to monitor personal and indoor/outdoor concentrations of VOCs in the community. The Valdez fjord is the site of the Alyeska Marine Terminal, the largest crude oil loading terminal in the United States, with a maximum capacity of 2.2 million barrels per day. The Alyeska Marine Terminal is the transfer point for Prudhoe Bay crude oil from the pipeline to marine tankers. During 1990, the terminal and marine tankers were estimated to emit approximately 450 metric tonnes/year of benzene to the air at an average throughput of 1.8 million barrels/day while benzene emissions from other sources in the basin were estimated to be approximately 3 tonnes/year.

  8. "I'm Coming Home, Tell the World I'm Coming Home". The Long Homecoming and Mental Health Treatment of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozanova, Julia; Noulas, Paraskevi; Smart, Kathleen; Roy, Alicia; Southwick, Steven M; Davidson, Larry; Harpaz-Rotem, Ilan

    2016-09-01

    This study explored the journey of American armed forces personnel from their decision to join the service, through their service in an active military conflict and how these factors may be associated with potential resistance for mental healthcare. The data came from qualitative interviews with 46 OIF/OEF/OND active-duty military, reservists, and discharged veterans of the average age of 25 years, who presented for a new episode of mental health treatment to a large Veterans Affairs Hospital (VAH) in Northeastern United States in 2011-2012. Qualitative analysis of veterans' perceptions revealed several major themes describing how a mental health diagnosis would negatively impact both their sense of identity and pragmatic career-building goals: enlisting as a career-building avenue, 'noble superhero' identity, escaping from hardship, and mental illness as a career-killer. Findings suggest that factors making young veterans resist mental healthcare may be reduced by partnering VAH psychiatrists with career counselors, and by enhancing military leadership's awareness and understanding about how to support soldiers with emotional and mental health needs, with a goal to eliminating stigma.

  9. "I'm Coming Home, Tell the World I'm Coming Home". The Long Homecoming and Mental Health Treatment of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozanova, Julia; Noulas, Paraskevi; Smart, Kathleen; Roy, Alicia; Southwick, Steven M; Davidson, Larry; Harpaz-Rotem, Ilan

    2016-09-01

    This study explored the journey of American armed forces personnel from their decision to join the service, through their service in an active military conflict and how these factors may be associated with potential resistance for mental healthcare. The data came from qualitative interviews with 46 OIF/OEF/OND active-duty military, reservists, and discharged veterans of the average age of 25 years, who presented for a new episode of mental health treatment to a large Veterans Affairs Hospital (VAH) in Northeastern United States in 2011-2012. Qualitative analysis of veterans' perceptions revealed several major themes describing how a mental health diagnosis would negatively impact both their sense of identity and pragmatic career-building goals: enlisting as a career-building avenue, 'noble superhero' identity, escaping from hardship, and mental illness as a career-killer. Findings suggest that factors making young veterans resist mental healthcare may be reduced by partnering VAH psychiatrists with career counselors, and by enhancing military leadership's awareness and understanding about how to support soldiers with emotional and mental health needs, with a goal to eliminating stigma. PMID:26566926

  10. Listeria monocytogenes ve Süt Teknolojisindeki Önemi

    OpenAIRE

    Kınık, Özer; Akbulut, Necati

    1991-01-01

    Listeriozis, Listeria monocytogenes’in yol açtığı bir hayvan hastalığıdır ve enfekte olmuş hayvanlardan insanlara bulaşır. İnsanlarda ilk kez 1939 yılında tanımlanan Listeriozis, o tarihten beri ender görülen ancak öldürücü bir hastalık olarak bilinir. Listeriozis insanlarda genellikle septisemi, menenjit ve düşüklere sebep olur. L. monocytogenes vahşi ve evcil hayvanların çoğunu enfekte eder. Hayvan dışkısı, su, toprak, kanalizasyon ve vejetasyonla yayılır. Listeriozis vakalarında anneden ...

  11. Musiikkikasvatuksen kehittäminen päiväkodissa : Opas – Vinkkejä helpoille musiikkihetkille

    OpenAIRE

    Korpela, Jenni; Hällbacka, Marika

    2016-01-01

    Toiminnallisen opinnäytetyömme tavoitteenamme oli tuottaa opas, joka sisältäisi helppoja vinkkejä ja ohjeita musiikkihetkien järjestämiseen päiväkodissa. Tärkeää olisi, että oppaasta hyötyisivät myös ne kasvattajat, jotka eivät koe musiikkia vah-vimmaksi osaamisalueekseen. Kokosimme oppaan sisällön teoriasta ja kasvattajia haastattelemalla. Teoriaosuudessa käsittelemme musiikkia ja sen moninaisia vaikutuksia, jotka edistävät ja tukevat lapsen kasvua, kehitystä ja oppimista. Opinnäytetyöm...

  12. Eco information 12. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within December 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - December 2008 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 6.834 TBq (0.342% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 19.956 MBq (0.025% AL) for V1), 18.56 MBq (1.97% of AL) for A1 and 0.545 MBq (0.18% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 16.754 MBq (0.026% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a December 2008 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.844 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.998 MBq (V1), 14.68 MBq (A1) and 0.047 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.229 MBq (V1) of iodine; 0.670 MBq (V1) and 7.46 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 52.9 GBq (V1) and 12.98 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium. For the period January - December 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 17.704 MBq (0.136% of AL) for V1, 113.23 MBq (0.94% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 4330.1 GBq (21.650% of AL) for V1, 212.37 GBq (2.12% of AL) for A1. Chemical effluents are reported, too

  13. Eco information 1. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within January 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - January 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.470 TBq (0.024% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 0.437 MBq (0.001% AL) for V1), 0.531 MBq (0.06% of AL) for A1 and 0.011 MBq (0.004% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 4.024 MBq (0.006% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a January 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.470 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.437 MBq (V1), 0.531 MBq (A1) and 0.011 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 4.024 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.358 MBq (V1) and 2.68 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 124.4 GBq (V1) and 13.12 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium. For the period January - January 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 1.358 MBq (0.010% of AL) for V1, 2.66 MBq (0.02% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 124.4 GBq (0.622% of AL) for V1, 13.12 GBq (0.13% of AL) for A1. Chemical effluents are reported, too

  14. Evaluation of immune response elicited by inulin as an adjuvant with filarial antigens in mice model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahalakshmi, N; Aparnaa, R; Kaliraj, P

    2014-10-01

    Filariasis caused by infectious parasitic nematodes has been identified as the second leading source of permanent and long-term disability in Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America. Several vaccine candidates were identified from infective third-stage larvae (L3) which involves in the critical transition from arthropod to human. Hitherto studies of these antigens in combination with alum adjuvant have shown to elicit its characteristic Th2 responses. Inulin is a safe, non-toxic adjuvant that principally stimulates the innate immune response through the alternative complement pathway. In the present study, the immune response elicited by inulin and alum as adjuvants were compared with filarial antigens from different aetiological agents: secreted larval acidic protein 1 (SLAP1) from Onchocerca volvulus and venom allergen homologue (VAH) from Brugia malayi as single or as cocktail vaccines in mice model. The study revealed that inulin can induce better humoral response against these antigens than alum adjuvant. Antibody isotyping disclosed inulin's ability to elevate the levels of IgG2a and IgG3 antibodies which mediates in complement-dependent cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), respectively, in mice. Splenocyte analysis showed that T cells prestimulated with inulin have higher stimulation index (P < 0.05) than alum except for BmVAH antigen. In vitro ADCC assay showed that inulin formulation had induced higher cytotoxicity with filarial antigens (as single P < 0.01 and as cocktail P < 0.05, respectively) than alum. The results had confirmed the capability of inulin to deplete the levels of Treg and brought a balance in Th1/Th2 arms against filarial antigens in mice. PMID:25041426

  15. Relationship between landslide in the western edge of Nitra Upland and coming Siladice dam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Today, implementation of the Siladice dam (hereafter VD) to the Vah river between the towns Hlohovec - Sered mentions more frequently. In connection with this prospective construction the issue of stability of the landslide areas of the western boundary of the Nitrianska upland is coming to spotlight. Impact of landslides on the VD, and contrariwise is not only positive but also negative in nature. Regular monitoring of slope deformations, particularly landslides is important not only for existing water works, but even before their construction phase. A failure of monitoring prior to construction, during construction or during operation VD can lead to major damage not only financial (equity), but also the loss of human lives (Vajont, Italy). The detailed monitoring of slope deformations is performed, the better and the accurate can be identified the causes of the mechanism of slope movements. Use and correlation of different methods of monitoring enable better monitoring of landslide movement. Aim of this paper is to outline briefly the issue of landslides of the area in relation to the future dam. The contribution is focused mainly on the critical (most sensitive) sections, which come into direct contact with VD during its construction and use.

  16. Magnetized Accretion-Ejection Structures 2.5D MHD simulations of continuous Ideal Jet launching from resistive accretion disks

    CERN Document Server

    Keppens, R

    2002-01-01

    We present numerical magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of a magnetized accretion disk launching trans-Alfvenic jets. These simulations, performed in a 2.5 dimensional time-dependent polytropic resistive MHD framework, model a resistive accretion disk threaded by an initial vertical magnetic field. The resistivity is only important inside the disk, and is prescribed as eta = alpha_m V_AH exp(-2Z^2/H^2), where V_A stands for Alfven speed, H is the disk scale height and the coefficient alpha_m is smaller than unity. By performing the simulations over several tens of dynamical disk timescales, we show that the launching of a collimated outflow occurs self-consistently and the ejection of matter is continuous and quasi-stationary. These are the first ever simulations of resistive accretion disks launching non-transient ideal MHD jets. Roughly 15% of accreted mass is persistently ejected. This outflow is safely characterized as a jet since the flow becomes super-fastmagnetosonic, well-collimated and reaches a q...

  17. Herbs containing L- Dopa: An update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramya, Kuber B; Thaakur, Santhrani

    2007-07-01

    L-Dopa is the drug of choice in the treatment of Parkinson's disease but it has dose related adverse effects such as nausea, vomiting, orthostatic hypotension, end of dose deterioration, on off phenomena and on chronic therapy motor complications synonymous to parkinsonism. Mucuna pruriens (M.P) commonly known as velvet beans or cowitch are used in case of spasms associated with Parkins onism. Clinical efficacy of seeds of this plant was confirmed and the efficacy was contributed to its L-Dopa content. M.P extract showed twice the antiparkinsonism activity compared with synthetic L-Dopa. There is sufficient L-Dopa in broad bean (Vicia faba) pods. One study proved its efficacy in Parkinsonism. Ginkgo biloba extract showed protective effect in vivo and invitro. 50% ethanolic extract of Plumbago zeylanica was effective in rats. The following plants were reported to have L-Dopa but their protective effect is yet to be established in animal models. Vigna aconitifolia, Vigna unguiculata, Vigna vexillata, Prosopis chilensis, Pileostigma malabarica, Phanera vahlis, Parkinsonia acculeata, Macuna urens, Canvavalia glandiata, Cassia floribanda, Casia hirsute and Dalbergia retusa etc.

  18. Evaluation of immune response elicited by inulin as an adjuvant with filarial antigens in mice model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahalakshmi, N; Aparnaa, R; Kaliraj, P

    2014-10-01

    Filariasis caused by infectious parasitic nematodes has been identified as the second leading source of permanent and long-term disability in Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America. Several vaccine candidates were identified from infective third-stage larvae (L3) which involves in the critical transition from arthropod to human. Hitherto studies of these antigens in combination with alum adjuvant have shown to elicit its characteristic Th2 responses. Inulin is a safe, non-toxic adjuvant that principally stimulates the innate immune response through the alternative complement pathway. In the present study, the immune response elicited by inulin and alum as adjuvants were compared with filarial antigens from different aetiological agents: secreted larval acidic protein 1 (SLAP1) from Onchocerca volvulus and venom allergen homologue (VAH) from Brugia malayi as single or as cocktail vaccines in mice model. The study revealed that inulin can induce better humoral response against these antigens than alum adjuvant. Antibody isotyping disclosed inulin's ability to elevate the levels of IgG2a and IgG3 antibodies which mediates in complement-dependent cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), respectively, in mice. Splenocyte analysis showed that T cells prestimulated with inulin have higher stimulation index (P inulin formulation had induced higher cytotoxicity with filarial antigens (as single P inulin to deplete the levels of Treg and brought a balance in Th1/Th2 arms against filarial antigens in mice.

  19. नैनो टेक्नोलॉजी - मत्स्य क्षेत्र मे रामबाण

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Abidi, S.A; Ansari, Z.A; Bhagat, D.; Gupta, N.

    Ì ‘| am‘~mU 1 E Eg.E.EM. A{~{X 2 E Om{H$a E. A§gmar , 3 E Xrnm ^JV 4 E {ZË`m Jwám gmam§e Z¡Zmo àm¡Úmo{JH$s Am‘ Vm¡a na {dkmZ Am¡a àm¡Úmo{JH$s Ho$ ê$n ‘| d{U©V h¡ Omo {H$ Z¡Zmo n¡‘mZo na gm‘J«r H$o {Z‘m©U Hw...$ebVmnyd©H$ Cn`moJ H$aVm h¡ & Bg n¡‘mZo na gm‘J«r H$m ì`dhma Am¡a g§aMZm ‘| àH$Q> Z`o Vah H$mo JwU A{YH$m§e ‘m‘bm| go AbJ h¡ & nXmW© H$mo Vab `m R>mog AdñWm ‘| Z¡ZmoH$Um| ‘| em{‘b {H$`m Om gH$Vm h¡& Z¡ZmoH$Um| H$mo dar`Vm Bg{b¶o Xr OmVr h¡ Š`m|{H$ `o g{H«$` gm...

  20. Resting-state functional connectivity of the nucleus accumbens in auditory and visual hallucinations in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolland, Benjamin; Amad, Ali; Poulet, Emmanuel; Bordet, Régis; Vignaud, Alexandre; Bation, Rémy; Delmaire, Christine; Thomas, Pierre; Cottencin, Olivier; Jardri, Renaud

    2015-01-01

    Both auditory hallucinations (AH) and visual hallucinations may occur in schizophrenia. One of the main hypotheses underlying their occurrence involves the increased activity of the mesolimbic pathway, which links the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc). However, the precise contribution of the mesolimbic pathway in hallucinations across various sensory modalities has not yet been explored. We compared the resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) of the NAcc among 16 schizophrenia patients with pure AH, 15 with both visuoauditory hallucinations (VAH), and 14 without hallucinations (NoH). A between-group comparison was performed using random-effects ANCOVA (rs-FC of the bilateral NAcc as the dependent variable, groups as the between-subjects factor, age and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale scores as covariates; q(false discovery rate [FDR]) hallucinations, but the NAcc FC patterns changed with the complexity of these experiences (ie, 0, 1, or 2 sensory modalities), rather than with severity. This might support the aberrant salience hypothesis of schizophrenia. Moreover, these findings suggest that future clinical and neurobiological studies of hallucinations should evaluate not only the global severity of symptoms but also their sensorial features.

  1. 玉米芯果胶多糖纯化及组分鉴定%Purification of Corncob Pectin and Identification of Its Composition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓楠; 权晓琴; 金邦荃; 周焙; 胡珏; 王娴静; 何艳苏; 刘春泉

    2015-01-01

    为提高玉米芯经济利用价值,采用DEAE-Cellulose52柱层析法纯化粗制玉米芯果胶多糖,并解析其糖成分.研究表明,适宜的阴离子柱层析条件为6 mL-4%-1.5 mL/min-4:2(VaH2O:VNaCl),得率可提高一倍以上,且产品为高纯度玉米芯果胶多糖.其多糖成分由D-半乳糖醛酸(D-Galacturonic acid,D-GalA)、木糖(Xylose,Xyl)和鼠李糖(Rhamnose,Rha)构成,其中D-GalA达到49.23%,为主要成分;三糖含量合计为61.66%,为杂多糖.玉米芯果胶多糖可应用于食品工业,也可开发出新型功能食品.

  2. निमो: क्लाउन फ़िश

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pawar, H.B.; Sanaye, S.V.; Sreepada, R.A

    I ŠbmCZ {µ’$e gå~pÝYV OmZH$mar àmá H$aZo ‘| AmnH$s ghm`Vm H$aoJm & ŠbmCZ {µ’$e g‘wÐ ‘|o nmB© OmVr h¡ Am¡a BgH$s bJ^J 30 {d{^Þ àOm{V`m± kmV h¢ & `h ‘N>br {XIZo ‘| nrbo VWm bmb a§J go boH$a Zma§Jr a§J H$s hmoVr h¢ {Og na gµ’$oX Ym[a`m± hmoVr h¢ & `h... {deof Vah H$s MÅ>mZr` ‘N>br h¡ Omo {H$ g‘wÐr E{Z‘moZ Ho$ ^rVa ahVr h¡, Bg{b`o ^r Bgo ŠbmCZ {µ’$e H$hVo h¢ & BZH$m {dñV¥V {dVaU àemÝV ‘hmgmJa Ho$ Ja‘ nmZr ‘|, {hÝX ‘hmgmJa ‘|o, gwXya CÎmar-n{ü‘ Am°ñQ´o{b`m, X{jUr-nydu E{e`m Am¡a OmnmZ ‘| h¢ & ŠbmCZ {µ...

  3. Planning for environmental restoration of the contaminated banks near NPP Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 18 km long banks of the Bohunice NPP waste water recipient are contaminated by cesium-137 as a result of two accidents on the CO2 cooled NPP A1 unit in 1976 and 1977. Since 1992, all he contaminated waste waters dumping from NPP Bohunice has been carried out directly to the Vah River through a specially constructed 15 km long pipeline. The final extent of contamination in the Bohunice site is represented. The overall contaminated area in this site with cesium-137 activity above 1 Bq/g of soil is about 67000 m2 and thus, the corresponding volume of top 20 cm thick soil layer is about 13000 m3. For optimizing less costly remedial measures (warning signs...) an agreed scenario with a pre-estimated factor factor collective dose 2.10-7 man.Sv.y-1/(m2.Bq137Cs.g-1) was applied. Limitation of individual effective doses according to a site specific stay scenario was also considered for this purposes with a limiting value of 0.25 mSv/y. Cost analysis of available remedial techniques were carried out, too. Two techniques have been selected for the contaminated banks restoration project: 1) removing/disposal of 20 cm soil top layer from steep and unengineered banks, and 2) mechanical dilution/fixation of contamination by clean 15 cm soil cover for the contaminated flat areas. Two-fold reduction of anticipated potential radiation risk were accepted, maximally, for the lastly mentioned technique, however cost saving is considerable (about 10-time lower the cost comparing to removing/disposal technique one). The basic acceptance limits AL for 137Cs in soil and criteria size of continuously contaminated bank areas were derived as: AL200 = 6.0 Bq/g and 800 m2 (300 m) or AL50 8.0 Bq/g and 200 m2 (80 m) for removing/disposal of the soil on steep unengineered banks. For clean soil covering technique the resulting limits are in an interval AL50C = 8 up to 16 Bq/g. According to the criteria developed, it is necessary to subject to restoration about 11000 m2 of contaminated area on

  4. Flood marks of the 1813 flood in the Central Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miklanek, Pavol; Pekárová, Pavla; Halmová, Dana; Pramuk, Branislav; Bačová Mitková, Veronika

    2014-05-01

    In August 2013, 200 years have passed since the greatest and most destructive floods known in the Slovak river basins. The flood affected almost the entire territory of Slovakia, northeastern Moravia, south of Poland. River basins of Váh (Orava, Kysuca), Poprad, Nitra, Hron, Torysa, Hornád, upper and middle Vistula, Odra have been most affected. The aim of this paper is to map the flood marks documenting this catastrophic flood in Slovakia. Flood marks and registrations on the 1813 flood in the Váh river basin are characterized by great diversity and are written in Bernolák modification of Slovak, in Latin, German and Hungarian. Their descriptions are stored in municipal chronicles and Slovak and Hungarian state archives. The flood in 1813 devastated the entire Váh valley, as well as its tributaries. Following flood marks were known in the Vah river basin: Dolná Lehota village in the Orava river basin, historical map from 1817 covering the Sučany village and showing three different cross-sections of the Váh river during the 1813 flood, flood mark in the city of Trenčín, Flood mark in the gate of the Brunovce mansion, cross preserved at the old linden tree at Drahovce, and some records in written documents, e.g. Cifer village. The second part of the study deals with flood marks mapping in the Hron, Hnilec and Poprad River basins, and Vistula River basin in Krakow. On the basis of literary documents and the actual measurement, we summarize the peak flow rates achieved during the floods in 1813 in the profile Hron: Banská Bystrica. According to recent situation the 1813 flood peak was approximately by 1.22 m higher, than the flood in 1974. Also in the Poprad basin is the August 1813 flood referred as the most devastating flood in last 400 years. The position of the flood mark is known, but the building was unfortunately removed later. The water level in 1813 was much higher than the water level during the recent flood in June 2010. In Cracow the water level

  5. ZİHİN KİRLİLİĞİ YABANCI DİLDE OKUMAYI ZORLAŞTIRABİLİR MENTAL POLLUTION IMPEDES FOREIGN LANGUAGE READING COMPREHENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakup ÇETİN

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The same Turkish foreign language learners of a university preparatory school (N=35 were tested twice on the same preintermediate reading passage within one month interval. In the first condition students were given the reading test (pre-test during theclass time upon watching a documentary on wild life for 40 minutes. After a month before they were given the same reading test (post –test in the same classroom setting, they were shown mental pollutants - a compilation of various videos with violent, scary, erotic, and comedic content from popular video-sharing websites for 40 minutes. It was hypothesized that mental pollutants would contaminate students’ mind by distracting emotional states and slowing mental processes and thus impeding the comprehension of foreign language reading material. The statistical results based on T-test Paired Samples Statistics and OneSample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test show that exposure to mental pollutants remarkably results in poor L2 reading comprehension Bir üniversitenin hazırlık sınıfındaki aynı Türk öğrenciler (N=35, alt orta seviyedeki aynı okuma parçasıyla bir ay arayla 2 kere test edildi. İlk durumda öğrencilere 40 dakikalık bir vahşi yaşam belgeseli izletildikten sonra ders sırasında okuma parçası verildi (ilk test. Bir ay sonra aynı sınıf ortamında, öğrencilere aynı okuma parçası (son test verilmeden önce 40 dakika boyunca ünlü video paylaşım sitelerinden toplanmış şiddet, korku, erotik ve komedi içerikli zihinsel kirliliğe yol açacak videolar gösterildi. Varsayılan şey zihin kirliliğinin öğrencilerin dengelerini bozarak zihinsel fonksiyonlarını dağıtarak öğrencilerin hafızasını yavaşlatacağı ve dolayısıyla yabancı dilde yazılı okuma parçasını anlamaya da engel olacağıdır. Eşleştirilmiş iki grup arasındaki farkların testine ve tek grup Kolmogorov-Smirnov testine dayalı istatistiksel sonuçlar zihin kirleticilere maruz kalman

  6. 基底动脉发育不良与后循环梗死的相关性%Association between basilar artery hypoplasia and posterior circulation infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志勇; 刘尊敬; 田朝晖; 唐文雄; 刘玮; 薛爽; 焦劲松

    2014-01-01

    其卒中防治工作。%Objective To explore the relationship between basal artery hypoplasia ( BAH ) and posterior circulation ischemic stroke and its clinical characteristics to improve the understanding of BAH. Methods A total of 328 hospitalized patients from April 2012 to April 2014 were enrolled retrospectively. With normal course and regular shape of basilar artery on brain magnetic resonance angiography ( MRA) , other causes of posterior circulation ischemic stroke were excluded.They were divided into BAH ( n=48 ) and non-BAH (n=280) groups according to the morphology and diameter of basilar artery on head MRA. We compared the general information and intracranial vascular variations between two groups, especially the incidence rate of posterior circulation infarction and mean blood flow velocity ( Vm ) of basal artery by analyzing clinical information and MRI findings.Meantime, their clinical outcomes were observed through follow-ups.And detailed clinical features were discussed for the patients with posterior circulation infarction in the BAH group.Results ( 1 ) The concurrent lesions included vertebral artery intracranial segment hypoplasia (n=24, VAH), fetal type posterior artery (n=18, FTPA), persistent trigeminal artery (n=1) and giant fenestration variation on vertebral artery ( n=1 ) in the BAH group.In comparison, it was more liable to cranial vascular variations in the BAH group ( P BAH group ( P<0.05).(3) these cases with stroke in two groups had no mortality during a follow-up period of 4-28 months.There were 3 cases with recurrent posterior circulation stroke in the non-BAH group.The number of cases with mRS scoring 2 points or less in the BAH group was more than that in the non-BAH group at discharge, 30 or 90 days after discharge ( P<0.05 ) .( 4 ) these cases with posterior circulation stroke in the BAH group often presented as lacunar syndrome (9/17), paramedian infarction in pons (9/17) and bilateral VAH plus unilateral FTPA (8/17).Conclusion As a relatively rare disease, BAH

  7. Political criticism in Turgay Nar’s play titled Gizler ÇarşısıTurgay Nar’ın Gizler Çarşısı oyununda politik eleştiri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurullah Ulutaş

    2016-08-01

    ştirel yaklaşımlar, edebî eserlerde sıkça işlenmiştir.  İnsanın etik algısının da sorgulandığı bu tür eserlerde iktidar-birey arasındaki ilişki, sisteme dâhil olma veya sisteme karşı çıkma tercihlerini de beraberinde getirmektedir. Weber’in “bürokratik demir kafes” olarak tanımladığı ve insanın bir otomat haline dönüştürüldüğü “kaçınılmaz son”a karşı çıkan Marx; insanın sistemden uzaklaşabileceği konusunda daha iyimser bir tavır sergiler. Turgay Nar, Gizler Çarşısı adlı tiyatro metninde insanın dünyada hiyerarşik ilişkiler sarmalında iktidarın şiddet ve kontrol yöntemleriyle nasıl çürümeye uğratıldığını anlatır. Yazarın, okuyucuya/seyirciye vermek istediği mesajlar, hemen her sahnede değişse de ana tema iktidar karşısında nesneleşen insanın trajedisi olarak okunabilir. İktidar ve paranın gücü, kalabalıklar üzerinde şiddet, unutkanlık, hafıza kaybı gibi vasıtalarla denetim sağlar. Yazar, insanın iktidara geldikten sonra hemcinsi üzerinde sistematik bir baskı kurarak onu kimliksizleştirip sisteme dâhil ettiğini ironik bir tarzda bu eserinde işler. Buna göre, uygarlık, insanoğlunun cinnetini durduramamıştır; bu vahşi düzeni emziren ve kendini ona tutsak/kurban eden de insanın kendisidir. Eserde, dünyayla ilgili sorgulamanın kesildiği an insanın “körleşme ve çürüme”yle karşı karşıya kalacağı tehlikesi de dile getirilir.

  8. Dede Korkut Hikâyelerinde Savaşçı Eğitimi Warrior Training In Dede Korkut Stories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lütfü Kerem BAŞAR

    2012-12-01

    ı, devamlı hareket ve mücadeleye dayanır. Bu mücadeleler ise, sadece tabiat ve çevre şartlarıyla değil, aynı zamanda düşmana karşı da verilmiştir. Bu nedenle kuvvet ve savaşçılık, böyle bir hayat tarzını devam ettiren asıl unsurlar olmuştur. Doğa şartlarının sertliği, avcılıkla uğraşma ve çevredeki toplumlarla sürekli mücadele gibi faktörler, göçebe insana savaşçı ve mücadeleci bir kimlik kazandırmada birinci derecede etkili olmuştur. Mücadelelere dayalı olan Dede Korkut Hikâyeleri’nde, savaşçı bir kimliğe sahip olması beklenen kahramanın yetiştirildiğini gösteren sahneler çokça yer almaktadır. Kuvvetli insana dayanan göçebe toplumlarda da, erkek çocuğa büyük bir değer verilmiştir. Bu nedenle özellikle erkek çocuklar, hem boylar arasındaki mücadelede, hem zor durumdaki ve tutsak olan aile bireylerini kurtarmada, hem de avlanma amacıyla yapılan vahşi hayvanlarla mücadelede âdeta özel bir savaş eğitimine tâbi tutulmuştur. Bu çalışmada, Dede Korkut Hikâyelerindeki kahramanların savaşçı bir kimlik kazanmada geçirdiği aşamalar ve hikâyelerin, savaşçı eğitimiyle ilgili olarak vermiş olduğu mesajlar tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır.

  9. Comparación de dos estrategias de vacunación frente a la hepatitis A y B en individuos con hepatitis crónica C Comparison of two vaccination strategies against hepatitis A and B in patients with chronic hepatitis C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. P. Díez Redondo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: aunque se recomienda vacunar frente al virus de la hepatitis A (VHA y al virus de la hepatitis B (VHB a los pacientes con infección crónica por el virus de la hepatitis C (VHC, la estrategia de vacunación más costo-efectiva aún no está establecida. Nuestro objetivo fue comparar la vacunación universal (de todos los individuos con la selectiva (únicamente de los individuos no inmunizados frente al VHA y al VHB de los pacientes con infección crónica por VHC en nuestro medio. Pacientes y métodos: comparamos los costes directos de las dos estrategias de vacunación frente a ambos virus en 313 individuos con infección crónica por VHC. Determinamos los marcadores serológicos del VHA (anti-VHA y del VHB (HBsAg, anti-HBs y anti-HBc y tuvimos en cuenta los costes de vacunas y reactivos en nuestro ámbito. Resultados: la prevalencia de anti-VHA fue del 81,2% y la de anti-HBc del 24,6%. La prevalencia de anti-VHA aumentaba progresivamente con la edad. La inmunización frente al VHA suponía 19.806,64 € con la estrategia universal y 9.899,62 € con la selectiva. La vacunación frente al VHB ascendía a 18.780 € con la inmunización universal y a 20.385,57 € con la selectiva (mediante el anti-HBc. Se analizaron los costes considerando distintos grupos etarios y diversos factores de riesgo. Conclusiones: en nuestros individuos con infección crónica por VHC la vacunación selectiva frente al VHA es la más costoefectiva. Pero cuando el porcentaje de inmunización frente al VHA desciende por debajo del 20% la mejor opción es la universal. La diferencia en la costoefectividad de ambas estrategias de vacunación frente al VHB es pequeña, a favor de la universal, por lo que en subgrupos con elevada prevalencia de anti-HBc, como adictos a drogas y tatuados, la selectiva podría ser la mejor alternativa.Objective: although the vaccination against hepatitis A (VAH and hepatitis B (VBH is recommended in patients with HCV, the most