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Sample records for cierny vah precerpavacia

  1. Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant Cierny Vah

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the pump-storage power plant Cierny Vah is presented. A Cierny Vah pumped storage power plant (PSP) has been designed and built for providing the reliable and quality electric energy supply and for covering load changes of an electrification system. (ES). It is mainly the pumped storage hydro power plants plants which in our conditions are the sources operatively covering the sudden changes of the ES load from the ecological, economic but mainly from the operational point of view. The electric energy generation volume is not the primary standpoint but especially their control functions in the ES. During the building of the Cierny Vah PSP the peak operation with the daily accumulation, participation in frequency control and output in ES and the compensation function in ES were to be its main tasks. After putting it into operation by especially after its becoming independent of the Slovak ES in 1994 the static functions (energy generation from pumping, balance output reserves, daily control, ...) gave way to dynamic functions which gained greater importance. After interconnection of the ES with the UCPTE West European Association in which there are besides other things, the strict criteria for observing balance outputs, the main functions of PSPs are as follows: (1) Dynamic services for ES; (2) Dispatching reserve for the fall out of the greatest ES block; (3) Observing the foreign cooperation balance agreed; (4) Compensation of peaks and also of sudden daily load diagram reductions. Technical parameters of the upper and lower reservoir are described. The hydro power plant is a body lower reservoir. In it there are six vertical pumping aggregates in the three machine layout: the motor-generator - the turbine - the pump. Between the turbine and the pump there is a hydraulically controlled claw clutch engaging at rest and disengaging also during the aggregate operation. During pumping air is involved inside the turbine. The Francis turbines have a

  2. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plant Cierny Vah

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This leaflet describes the Enterprise Cierny Vah Pumped storage hydropower plants of the joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Cierny Vah PSHP). Cierny Vah PSHP has been designed and built for providing the reliable and quality electric energy supply and for covering load changes of an electrification system (ES). It is mainly the pumped storage hydro power plants which in our conditions are the sources operatively covering the sudden changes of the ES load from the ecological, economic but mainly from the operational point of view. The electric energy generation volume is not the primary standpoint but especially their control functions in the ES. During the building of the Cierny Vah PSP the peak operation with the daily accumulation, participation in frequency control and output in ES and the compensation function in ES were to be its main tasks. After putting it into operation but especially after its becoming independent of the Slovak ES in 1994 the static functions (energy generation from pumping, balance output reserves, daily control,...) gave way to dynamic functions which gained greater importance (sudden load changes control of ES, immediate meeting of the daily load diagram, frequency control and outputs given in ES, etc.) After interconnection of our ES with the UCPTE West European association in which there are besides other things, the strict criteria for observing balance of outputs, the main functions of PSPs are as follows: 1. Dynamic services for ES 2. Dispatching reserve for the fall out of the greatest ES block 3. Observing the foreign cooperation balance agreed 4. Compensation of peaks and also of sudden daily load diagram reductions. All the work is divided into four parts from the building point of view: The upper reservoir is an artificial one without the natural water inflow, built by excavation and slope on an Unknown elevation more than 1.150 m above sea level. A leading slope with a gradient 1:2 and a bottom of the reservoir

  3. Deformation monitoring reference points of PVE Cierny Vah with GPS measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This contribution describes standard survey procedure and separate deformation analyses of deformation network measured by GPS technology. Structure of values put into GPS vectors adjustment based on the Gauss- Markov model through least squares method and estimation of parameters of net structures are described. The weights of individual measurement are estimate using Minque methods. Statistic verification of stability ratios of relative points is performed by the congruent test of deformation networks. (authors)

  4. Immune response studies with Wuchereria bancrofti vespid allergen homologue (WbVAH) in human lymphatic filariasis

    OpenAIRE

    Anand, Setty Balakrishnan; Gnanasekar, Munirathinam; Thangadurai, Mani; Prabhu, Prince R.; Kaliraj, Perumal; RAMASWAMY, KALYANASUNDARAM

    2007-01-01

    A homologue of Brugia malayi venom allergen (BmVAH) was cloned from the infective stages (L3) of Wuchereria bancrofti. Sequence analysis showed 90% sequence identity between WbVAH and BmVAH. Recombinant WbVAH was then expressed and purified. VAH from other nematode parasites is being evaluated as potential vaccine candidates. Because W. bancrofti infections are more prevalent than B. malayi, it will significantly benefit using W. bancrofti antigens for vaccine development. In this study, we h...

  5. Immune response studies with Wuchereria bancrofti vespid allergen homologue (WbVAH) in human lymphatic filariasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anand, Setty Balakrishnan; Gnanasekar, Munirathinam; Thangadurai, Mani; Prabhu, Prince R; Kaliraj, Perumal; Ramaswamy, Kalyanasundaram

    2007-09-01

    A homologue of Brugia malayi venom allergen (BmVAH) was cloned from the infective stages (L3) of Wuchereria bancrofti. Sequence analysis showed 90% sequence identity between WbVAH and BmVAH. Recombinant WbVAH was then expressed and purified. VAH from other nematode parasites is being evaluated as potential vaccine candidates. Because W. bancrofti infections are more prevalent than B. malayi, it will significantly benefit using W. bancrofti antigens for vaccine development. In this study, we have evaluated the human immune responses to rWbVAH in putatively immune individuals who live in the endemic regions (endemic normal, EN) to determine the vaccine potential of WbVAH. These responses were then compared to those in infected individuals (microfilaraemic, MF and chronic pathology, CP). Results show that EN subjects carry WbVAH-specific IgG1, IgG2, and IgG3 circulating antibodies. It is interesting to note that CP patients also carried antibodies against WbVAH that was mainly of the IgG3 isotype. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from EN individuals responded strongly to rWbVAH by proliferating and secreting IFN-gamma. PBMC from MF patients also proliferated in response to rWbVAH but secreted mainly IL-10. Thus, there was a clear dichotomy in the cytokine production by infected patients vs individuals who are putatively immune (EN). Although vaccine potential of WbVAH has not been established yet, our findings suggest that WbVAH mediated immune responses in EN individuals is primarily Th1-biased. Further vaccination studies are underway in animal models to determine the role of WbVAH in protective immunity against W. bancrofti and B. malayi infections. PMID:17558521

  6. The current state of forests in the lower reaches of the Vah section Sala - Nove Mesto nad Vahom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Area of interest lies in the central part of the Danube plain and extends along both sides of the river Vah. Naturally occurring habitats close to small-scale, and are considerable anthropicly contingent either directly (forestry) or indirectly (modified water regime). The contribution gives phyto-sociological characteristics of forests in the lower reaches of the Vah section Sala - Nove Mesto nad Vahom. We drew up the 21 phyto-sociological entries characterizing forest vegetation, which we classified into two associations Salici-Populetum, Fraxino Ulmetum-and community-Crataegus monogyna Populus nigra.

  7. Qualitative-quantitative characteristic of bird community of middle course alluvium of the Vah River (Piestany - Nove Mesto)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research focuses on the analysis of structure and dynamics of bird communities in two transects on the Vah river alluvium between cities Piestany and Nove Mesto nad Vahom. The research is aimed on the analysis of species composition, distribution and multitude of aquatic and wetland birds, on the analysis of their seasonal dynamics, inter-annual variability in species composition, diversity and others indicators of birds in these transects. The secondary aim is to find out the main types of disturbances, their intensity, antropogenous effects and others chosen environment variables in these transects of Vah river alluvium. We will utilize statistical analyses from these environmental variables and explain their impact on bird communities of this area. From these findings suitable management measures for the conservation or improvement of conservation status of target species will be derived. (authors)

  8. Měření hmotnosti pomocí tenzometrů z elektronických vah

    OpenAIRE

    Šenfluk, Petr

    2014-01-01

    Tématem semestrálního projektu je měření hmotnosti s využitím tenzometrů z levných digitálních vah. Práce popisuje problémy spojené s použitím tenzometrů, jako jsou teplotní kompenzace a požadavky přesné napěťové reference a shrnuje funkci a zapojení levných digitálních vah využívajících čtyři tenzometry. Výsledkem práce je návrh koncepce zapojení pro měření hmotnosti za použití čtyř tenzometrů z analyzované váhy. The aim of the thesis is weigh measurement using strain gauges from cheap di...

  9. Scenarios of changes of selected components of hydrosphere and biosphere in catchment basin of Hron River and Vah River as consequence of climatic change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This text-book consist of the following parts: (1) Hydrologic and climatic relationship of catchment basins; (2) Space interpretation of outputs of climatic scenarios in catchment basins of Hron River and Vah River by geostatistical methods; (3) Teleconnection of annual overflows with SO, NAO, AO and QBO phenomenons; (4) Snow; (5) Mathematical model for modelling of influence of climatic changes on runoff processes; (6) Multi-linear model of transformation of runoff in river-basins; (7) Influence of climatic change on capacity utilization of reserve volume of water reservoir Orava River; (8) Quality of surface waters; (9) Influence of climatic changes on biological factors and soil hydrology; (10) Proposal of framing adaptation arrangements.

  10. Magnetostratigraphy of sediments preserved in caves located in the Nizke Tatry Mts. and correlation with the Vah River terrace system, Slovakia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadlec, J.; Pruner, P.; Chadima, M.

    2003-04-01

    Large cave systems were created by subsurface streams in Triassic limestones forming the N slopes of the Nízké Tatry Mts. Up to eleven horizontal cave levels occur at different altitudes in the Demanovska and Janska karst valleys. The caves are filled with allochthonous sediments transported by streams from the area formed by granite. The fluvial cave sediments are intercalated with, or capped by, flowstone layers in the sedimentary sections. Based on the obtained paleomagnetic polarity data measured both in clastic and chemogenic cave deposits, we are able to distinguish sediments deposited during the Brunhes, Matuyama and Gauss chrons. Progressive filling of the different cave levels with fluvial sediments was controlled by the deepening of the two karst valleys. Stratigraphic interpretation was partly verified by U-series datings (Th/U, U/Pb methods) of speleothems preserved in the sedimentary sections. With the exception of horizontal cave levels located in the Demanovska and Janska valleys, additional cave systems were formed at extremely high altitudes in the Nizke Tatry Mts. Based on predominantly reverse paleomagnetic orientations we suppose the deposition of fluvial sediments in these caves during Gilbert chron. Further analyses will allow to assess factors which influenced mineral magnetic properties of the sediments (e.g., weathering, erosion, source area). Mostly weathered sediments were transported to the cave systems during the Late Tertiary and Early Pleistocene, while meltwaters fed by mountain glaciers transported unweathered material into the caves during the Middle and Late Pleistocene. The timing of periods of fluvial activity and speleothem deposition in the caves was correlated with surface fluvial processes of the Vah River flowing at a distance 10 km from the karst area. Based on paleomagnetic record, the fluvial deposits filling the largest fourth cave level are younger than 780 ka and correspond with the most extensive Vah River terrace

  11. Natural and cultural peculiarities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this sub-chapter of the Atlas the general information (The centre of Slovakia, The centre of Europe, The highest point, The lowest point), peculiarities of nature (The longest cave system, The largest ice cave, The greatest river, The longest river, The largest and the deepest lake, The largest rock gate, The tallest volcanic mountain range and the best conserved shape of volcano, The only geyser, The first protected area), as well as cultural peculiarities (The oldest inscription, The most famous old inscription, The oldest castle with written references, The oldest church, The largest Gothic building, The largest sacral log building in Central Europe, The tallest wooden altar|, as well as The World Cultural and Natural Heritage of the Slovak Republic (Banska Stiavnica, Spissky Hrad and its associated cultural monuments, Vlkolinec, Bardejov Town Conservation Reserve, Caves of the Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst) are reviewed. The greatest river of the Slovak Republic is Danube river. Its mean discharge in the territory of the Slovak Republic is 2363 m3 s-1, with discharge velocity of 10 km h-1 and average water table of 8 m. The longest river is the river Vah. The length of its stream is 403 km. It is formed by the confluence of the Biely and Cierny Vah rivers near Kralova Lehota at the sea level altitude of 665 m and it flows in the Danube river near Komarno (106 m a. s. l.). This stream boast the highest number of water works creating what is called the Cascade of the Vah: Kralova, Madunice, Slnava, Horna Streda, Nove Mesto nad Vahom, Kostolna, Skalka, Dubnica, Ilava, Ladce, Nosice, Povazska Bystrica, Miksova I a II, Hricov, Zilina, Lipovec, Sucany, Krpelany, Besenova, Liptovska Mara, and Cierny Vah

  12. The most important structures utilizing primary and secondary hydroenergetic potential for electric energy production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the construction, technological parameters and operation of Gabcikovo (primary hydro energy power) and Cierny Vah (secondary hydro energy power) are described. Construction of the hydroelectric power plant (HPP) Gabcikovo started in 1978 as a part of a system of hydro power projects Gabcikovo-Nagymaros. Basic technical data are: installed capacity 8 x 90 MW, production in an average aqueous year 2.650 GWh, number of hydroelectric generating sets (HGS) 8, turbine flow 8 x 413-636 m3/s, head 12.9-24 m.The Gabcikovo plant produced 9.163 GWh of electricity from the beginning of its operation till the end of 1966. The construction of the pumped storage plant (PSP) Cierny Vah started in 1976 and it was put into operation at the end of 1980. The main goal of the PSP Cierny Vah is to meet the control functions of an electrification system of the Slovak Republic, a substitute function in the cases of unexpected power outages and a planned electricity production from re-pumping. Technological parts are: six re-pumping vertical HGS in a three machine arrangement - a motor-generator, a turbine, a pump - are located in three double-blocks. Basic technical data: installed capacity 6 x 122.4 MW + 0.768 MW, yearly production 1,281 GWh, number of HGS 6, number of domestic hydroelectric generating sets 1, turbine flow 3 x 30 m/s, pump flow 6 x 22 m3/s, upper reservoir volume 3.7 mil. m3, max. head 434 m, peak time 5.71 hour, pumping time 7.78 hour, re-pumping cycle efficiency 74.36%. From putting the PSP into operation till the end of 1996, the HGS in operation 145,269 hours in total, including 53,332 hours in a turbine mode of operation, 70,293 hours in a pumping mode operation and 21,644 hours in a compensation mode operation. Whereas they supplied 5,346 GWh in the mains and the consumed 6,933 GWh of electricity for pumping. Hydroenergetic potential is a primary source of energy which is recyclable, i.e. unexhaustible and also ecologically the most tolerable. No

  13. Progressive technologies, modernization of hydro power projects aimed at rationalization in a use of hydroenergetic potential and environment protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A process of modernization of nodes of equipment of hydroelectric power plants (HPPs) and pumped storage plants (PSPs) has been extended lately to cover all pieces of equipment of HPP aimed at an increase in effectiveness of HPP as a unit. Turbine wheels of selected HPPs were replaced in the past , replacement of impellers of pumps of machines in PSP Cierny Vah started started at present and a complex modernization of our oldest HPP Ladce (1936) is planned aimed at an increase in absorption capacity of water turbines with an increase in their efficiency. The process of increasing the efficiency of the existing units without substantial construction changes in blocks of turbines gives also economic acceptability to the mentioned approaches from the point of view of both the gained installed capacity and electrical energy production compared to an option of building a modern HPP and it is also more acceptable from the point of view of environment protection than newly built HPPs. All of the technical changes, a process of increases of increasing the use of a hydroenergetic potential and also environment protection are being realized and will be realized only by high quality workers. Thus a program of transition to a more effective provision of activities with simultaneous increase in qualification and multipurpose use of labor force is a part of the equipment development program

  14. Europe is prepared on energetic problems better as USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this issue author deals with damages which were caused by the largest electric current outage in history of North America. 6 billions USD is the first damage estimate. Domino effect of disconnection of power plants from networks, which began on 14 August 2003 and lasted only on next Monday, laid up from electricity some 10 million of people in New York, 5 American states and Canadian province Ontario with cities of Toronto and Ottawa. Transport was stopped, aero-lines cancelled about thousand of flights, Detroit motor lines production ceased. North American energy reliability council (NERC) marked the outage on high-voltage wiring near Cleveland in Ohio as ripples barker (TREND 34/2003). Outage caused excessive load of parallel wiring, which began to overheat. Short circuit arisen from contact with tree or among wires. Ripples of power plants disconnection from networks began. Power engineers from USA and whole world thus marked failure of archaic American distribution system as general problem, which was accelerated by high temperatures and rush of electricity consumers. Electric Power Research Institute estimates that the companies lose annually about 46 billions USD and 7 billions USD in average in deviation voltage because of lack of networks. Investments to network, which are estimated by company from 30 billions to 60 billions USD in following 10 years, can guarantee the credibility. It is noted in issue that European transmissive systems are safer. Slovak Republic can feel safe, too. Slovak electrician's distribution system, a.s. Bratislava has lack of spare output, which can be used in he case of outage of block of some Slovak power plant. Pumped power plant Cierny Vah has an output of 735 MW, which needs incomplete two minutes to get full run-up, is the most important source from point of view of top manager of section of Slovak electric energy dispatching Jozef Adamek

  15. Bolívie: Kapitalismus, socialismus a feudalismus na vahách mezi Kubou a USA

    OpenAIRE

    Smetáček, Martin

    2010-01-01

    The work is dealing with the research of the socio-economic structures in the Bolivian society, which as a result of historical evolution embody distinct anomalies with an implication into the political sphere. The goal of the work is to offer a material on the basis of which it will be possible to detect and understand those inner tensions and to orientate ourselves in the present turbulent environment which the Bolivian society is currently undergoing. The fore theme is the approach of thes...

  16. Detection and quantification of virulent Aeromonas hydrophila in channel catfish tissues following waterborne challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dunhua; Moreira, Gabriel S A; Shoemaker, Craig; Newton, Joseph C; Xu, De-Hai

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to understand the pathogenesis of motile aeromonas septicemia caused by an emergent, high virulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus Adipose fin clipped catfish were challenged with vAh using a waterborne challenge method, and the distribution of vAh over a time course was detected and quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that 77.8% of fish died within 48 h post challenge with mean day to death of 1.5 days. At 2 h post challenge, vAh (inferred from genomic DNA copies or genome equivalents) was detected in all external and internal tissues sampled. Gill had the highest vAh cells at 1 h post challenge. Spleen harbored the most vAh cells among internal organs at 4 h post challenge. The tissues/organs with most vAh cells detected at 8 h post challenge were adipose fin, blood, intestine, kidney and skin, while liver showed the highest vAh cells at 24 h post challenge. These results suggest that vAh was able to rapidly proliferate and spread, following wound infection, through the fish blood circulation system and cause mortality within 8-24 h. PMID:27044300

  17. Infection and disease progress of motile Aeromonas septicemia caused by virulent Aeromonas hydrophila in channel catfish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motile Aeromonas septicemia (MAS), caused by virulent clonal isolates of Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh), is emerging as a major disease in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) aquaculture in the Southeastern United States. Predisposing conditions leading to vAh infection in catfish were however largely...

  18. Experimental induction of motile Aeromonas septicemia in channel catfish by waterborne challenge with virulent Aeromonas hydrophila

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motile Aeromonas septicemia (MAS), caused by virulent clonal isolates of Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh), is emerging as a major disease in catfish aquaculture in the Southeastern United States. Predisposing conditions leading to vAh infection in catfish were however largely unknown. The objective of thi...

  19. POTENTIAL FOR GREAT EGRETS (ARDEA ALBA) TO TRANSMIT A VIRULENT STRAIN OF AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA AMONG CHANNEL CATFISH (ICTALURUS PUNCTATUS) CULTURE PONDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jubirt, Madison M; Hanson, Larry A; Hanson-Dorr, Katie C; Ford, Lorelei; Lemmons, Scott; Fioranelli, Paul; Cunningham, Fred L

    2015-07-01

    Aeromonas hydrophila is a gram-negative, rod-shaped, facultative, anaerobic bacterium that is ubiquitous in freshwater and slightly brackish aquatic environments and infects fish, humans, reptiles, and birds. Recent severe outbreaks of disease in commercial channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) aquaculture ponds have been associated with a highly virulent A. hydrophila strain (VAH), which is genetically distinct from less-virulent strains. The epidemiology of this disease has not been determined. Given that A. hydrophila infects birds, we hypothesized that fish-eating birds may serve as a reservoir for VAH and spread the pathogen by flying to uninfected ponds. Great Egrets (Ardea alba) were used in this transmission model because these wading birds frequently prey on farmed catfish. Great Egrets that were fed VAH-infected catfish shed VAH in feces demonstrating their potential to spread VAH. PMID:25984772

  20. Antifouling property of the fruits of Randia brandisii (Rubiaceae) and Sapindus trifoliatus (Sapindaceae)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sawant, S.S.; Wagh, A.B.

    Methanol extracts of fruits of Randia brandisii (Gamble) and Sapindus trifoliatus (Vah) were assessed for marine antifouling properties. The coatings of these crude extracts on aluminium coupons were found to inhibit settlement of macrofoulers...

  1. Prospects of renewable energy sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovenske elektrarne has been dealing with exploitation of hydropower potential during long-term period and conceptually. In this paper parameters of construction of new planned small-scale hydroelectric power plants on the Vah River (Slovakia) are presented.

  2. The effect of combined glutamate receptor blockade in the NTS on the hypoxic ventilatory response in awake rats differs from the effect of individual glutamate receptor blockade

    OpenAIRE

    Pamenter, Matthew E.; Nguyen, Jetson; Carr, John A.; Powell, Frank L.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Ventilatory acclimatization to hypoxia (VAH) increases the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) and causes persistent hyperventilation when normoxia is restored, which is consistent with the occurrence of synaptic plasticity in acclimatized animals. Recently, we demonstrated that antagonism of individual glutamate receptor types (GluRs) within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) modifies this plasticity and VAH (J. Physiol. 592(8):1839–1856); however, the effects of combined GluR antag...

  3. Salvage of Diffuse Ankle Osteomyelitis by Single-Stage Resection and Circumferential Frame Compression Arthrodesis

    OpenAIRE

    Saltzman, Charles L

    2005-01-01

    Salvage of diffuse ankle osteomyelitis, especially in compromised hosts, is a challenging problem. The purpose of this report was to evaluate early complications and results using a standardized salvage protocol. Eight patients with diffuse ankle osteomyelitis were treated by resection of all infected tissue and hybrid-frame compression arthrodesis. At presentation, five had open wounds. According to the Cierny/Mader classification, all had diffuse anatomic involvement and six of eight were c...

  4. Kunst linnaruumi, kunst vaatajani! : Madalmaad / Kirke Kangro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Kirke, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Skulptuurinäitusest "Den Haag Sculptuur 2004" Haagi kesklinnas. Sümpoosioni peateemaks "Giants: European Conversation Pieces / Hiiglased: Euroopa vestluskillud". Kuraator Marie Jeanne de Rooij. Balint Havasi ja Andras Galiku (Little Warsaw, Ungari) võidutööst, Damien Hirsti (Inglismaa), Esther Brugginki ja Tom Claasseni (Holland), Anton Cierny (Slovakkia), Monika Sosnowska (Poola) ning Eesti esindanud Kirke Kangro tööst

  5. Drought, drought.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper author deals with influence of climatic changes on overflow of Slovak rivers Orava River, Vah River and Danube River and role of hydropower dams at compensating of the overflow as well as at the poundage of impact dry period on overflow in rivers and at assurance of sufficiency of water for the industry and irrigation of fields

  6. The auditory dorsal stream plays a crucial role in projecting hallucinated voices into external space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Looijestijn, Jasper; Diederen, Kelly M. J.; Goekoop, Rutger; Sommer, Iris E. C.; Daalman, Kirstin; Kahn, Rene S.; Hoek, Hans W.; Blom, Jan Dirk

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Verbal auditory hallucinations (VAHs) are experienced as spoken voices which seem to originate in the extracorporeal environment or inside the head. Animal and human research has identified a 'where' pathway for sound processing comprising the planum temporale, the middle frontal gyrus

  7. Õhksoojuspumbad vastavad lubadustele / Markku Lindell, Juho Huttula ; tõlge Ingrid Maasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindell, Markku

    2009-01-01

    Võrdluses on 6 soojuspumpa: Gree Artful 12, IVT Nordic Inverter 12 GR-N, Mitsubishi Electric Kirigamine+ MSZ-FD35VAH, Panasonic Flagship HE12GKE, Technibel Techno GRF128R51, Toshiba RAS-13S-ND. Vt. samas: Pekka Rantti. Kuidas mõõdeti

  8. Possibilities of further utilization of hydroenergetic potential of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This entry deals with a description of possibilities of energetic utilization of so far not used sections of main streams, it does not cover possibilities of construction of hydroelectric power plans on border streams (rivers Vah, Hron, and Orava) and less important streams in the eastern part of the Slovak Republic

  9. Information about influence of the Bohunice V-2 NPP on the environment, August 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V-2 NPP are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within August 2008 were: 2.72 MBq of aerosols, 0.052 MBq of of iodine-131, and 537 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - August 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represented 6.66 MBq (0.318% of annually limit (AL)) of aero-soles; 0.318 MBq (0.00049% of AL) of iodine-131 and 3341 GBq (0.172% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into Vah River recipient within August 2008 were: 968.78 GBq of tritium and 1.35 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - August 2008 these radioactive effluents into Vah River recipient represented 3,233.51 GBq (16.1675% of AL) of tritium, and 13.50 MBq (0.104% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Average dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Bohunice V-2 NPP for the period from July 31 to September, 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported

  10. Draft genome sequences of four virulent aeromonas hydrophila strains from catfish aquaculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Since 2009, a clonal group of virulent Aeromonas hydrophila (VAh) strains has been causing severe disease in the catfish aquaculture industry in the Southeastern United States. Here, we report draft genomes of four A. hydrophila isolates from catfish aquaculture that represent this clonal group....

  11. Information about influence of the Bohunice V2 NPP on the environment, January 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Vah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V2 NPP are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January 2008 were: 0.19 MBq of aerosoles, 0.025 MBq of iodine-131, and 382 GBq of rare gases. For the period January 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.190 MBq (0.0002% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.025 MBq (0.00004 MBq of AL) of iodine-131, and 382 GBq (0.519% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River within January 2008 were: 0.06 GBq of tritium, and 0.63 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represented 0.06 GBq (0.0003% of AL) of tritium; 0.63 MBq (0.005% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in January 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  12. Information about influence of the Bohunice V2 NPP on the environment, May 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Vah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V2 NPP are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within May 2008 were: 0.29 MBq of aerosoles, 0.042 MBq of iodine-131, and 367 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - May 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 1.10 MBq (0.0014% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.159 MBq (0.00024% MBq of AL) of iodine-131, and 1.930 TBq (0.519% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River within May 2008 were: 150.68 GBq of tritium, and 0.38 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - May 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represented 855.43 GBq (4.2772% of AL) of tritium; 2.92 MBq (0.0226% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in May 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  13. Information about influence of the Bohunice V2 NPP on the environment, February 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Vah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V2 NPP are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within February 2008 were: 0.19 MBq of aerosoles, 0.025 MBq of iodine-131, and 344 GBq of rare gases. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into atmosphere represented 0.37 MBq (0.0005% of annually limit (AL)) of aerosoles, 0.050 MBq (0.00008% MBq of AL) of iodine-131, and 725 GBq (0.036% of AL) of rare gases. The radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River within February 2008 were: 100.01 GBq of tritium, and 0.61 MBq of corrosive and fission products. For the period January - February 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represented 110.07 GBq (0.5504% of AL) of tritium; 1.24 MBq (0.010% of AL) of corrosive and fission products. Dose equivalents rate for the villages in surroundings of the Mochovce NPP in February 2008 are published. Chemical effluents are also reported.

  14. Eco information 5. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within May 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - May 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 1.646 TBq (0.082% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 1.716 MBq (0.002% AL) for V1), 1.307 MBq (0.139% of AL) for A1 and 0.210 MBq (0.070% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.382 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a May 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.304 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.256 MBq (V1), 0.120 MBq (A1) and 0.037 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.056 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.136 MBq (V1) and 5.841 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 35.5 GBq (V1) and 16.479 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River) and 0.005 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - May 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 6.355 MBq (0.049% of AL) for V1, 33.253 MBq (0.277% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 256.5 GBq (1.283% of AL) for V1, 77.304 GBq (0.773 of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.041 GBq (0.020% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  15. Eco information 4. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within April 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - April 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 1.343 TBq (0.067% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 1.460 MBq (0.002% AL) for V1), 1.187 MBq (0.126% of AL) for A1 and 0.174 MBq (0.058% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.326 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a April 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.294 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.274 MBq (V1), 0.137 MBq (A1) and 0.046 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.056 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.506 MBq (V1) and 8.145 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 24.7 GBq (V1) and 18.801 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River) and 0.008 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - April 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 5.219 MBq (0.040% of AL) for V1, 27.412 MBq (0.228% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 221.0 GBq (1.105% of AL) for V1, 60.825 GBq (0.608 of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.036 GBq (0.015% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  16. Eco information 2. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within February 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - February 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.745 TBq (0.037% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 0.851 MBq (0.001% AL) for V1), 0.813 MBq (0.09% of AL) for A1 and 0.040 MBq (0.013% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.116 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a February 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.274 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.414 MBq (V1), 0.283 MBq (A1) and 0.029 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 1.092 MBq (V1) of iodine; 0.813 MBq (V1) and 6.947 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 33.9 GBq (V1) and 10.57 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River and 0.009 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - February 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 2.171 MBq (0.017% of AL) for V1, 9.63 MBq (0.08% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 158.3 GBq (0.792% of AL) for V1, 26.68 GBq (0.24% of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.009 GBq (0.004% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  17. Eco information 3. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within March 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - March 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 1.049 TBq (0.037% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 1.186 MBq (0.001% AL) for V1), 1.045 MBq (0.112% of AL) for A1 and 0.128 MBq (0.043% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 5.270 MBq (0.008% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a March 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.304 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.335 MBq (V1), 0.236 MBq (A1) and 0.088 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.154 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.542 MBq (V1) and 9.640 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 37.9 GBq (V1) and 18.336 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium (into the Vah River) and 0.0109 GBq of tritium (V1, into the Dudvah River). For the period January - March 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 3.713 MBq (0.029% of AL) for V1, 19.267 MBq (0.08% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 196.3 GBq (0.981% of AL) for V1, 42.023 GBq (0.420 of AL) for A1 (into the Vah River) and 0.028 GBq (0.014% of AL) for V1 (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too

  18. Clean-up levels for recovery of a 137Cs contaminated site in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 19 km long banks of the Bohunice NPP waste water recipient (Manivier canal (0.3 m3/s) and Dudvah River (0.8 m3/s)) has been identified as contaminated by 137Cs as a result of two accidents on the CO2 cooled and heavy water moderated NPP-A1 unit in 1976 and 1977. Until 1992, NPP waste water had been derived through a 5 km-long canal to the Dudvah River (Qa 1.8 m3/s) conducting with the Vah River (150 m3/s) after 13 km downstream at 90 km from Vah's mouth into the Danube River. Between 1976 and 1978, when both accidents happened, construction of a flood control project on Dudvah River had just been being implemented in the length of 8 km upstream of its mouth. In the next upstream part of the River with about 5 km long river section, affected by NPP, the flood control conditions are insufficient and has, hitherto, caused permanent concern of the public. In this paper authors deals with the radiological characterization of the contaminated banks, re-consideration of the restoration project, criteria dose assessments and cleanup level developments, as well as present conditions for implementation of planned bank restoration

  19. The lead-acid battery industry in China: outlook for production and recycling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Xi; Wu, Yufeng; Gong, Yu; Zuo, Tieyong

    2015-11-01

    In 2013, more than four million (metric) tons (MT) of refined lead went into batteries in China, and 1.5 MT of scrap lead recycled from these batteries was reused in other secondary materials. The use of start-light-ignition (SLI), traction and energy storage batteries has spread in China in recent decades, with their proportions being 25.6%, 47.2% and 27.2%, respectively, in 2012. The total production of these batteries increased from 296,000 kVAh in 2001 to 205.23 MkVAh in 2013, with manufacturing located mainly in the middle and eastern provinces of the country. In this paper, we find that the market share of SLI batteries will decrease slightly, the share of traction batteries will continuously increase with the emergence of clean energy vehicles, and that of energy storage batteries will increase with the development of the wind energy and photovoltaic industries. Accounting for lead consumption in the main application industries, and the total social possession, it is calculated that used lead batteries could generate 2.4 MT of scrap lead in 2014, which is much higher than the 1.5 MT that was recycled in 2013. Thus, the current recycling rate is too low. It is suggested that while building large-scale recycling plants, small-scale plants should be banned or merged. PMID:26341636

  20. Meteorological aspects of benzene transport, dispersion and personal exposure in Valdez, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, D.R.; Ball, R.J. [TRC Environmental Corp., Windsor, CT (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Valdez Air Health Study (VAHS) was conducted in Valdez, Alaska to determine the personal exposure of the residential population of Valdez to certain volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The VAHS used the EPA`s Total Exposure Assessment Methodology (TEAM) with continuous meteorology, air quality and intense tracer measurements to monitor personal and indoor/outdoor concentrations of VOCs in the community. The Valdez fjord is the site of the Alyeska Marine Terminal, the largest crude oil loading terminal in the United States, with a maximum capacity of 2.2 million barrels per day. The Alyeska Marine Terminal is the transfer point for Prudhoe Bay crude oil from the pipeline to marine tankers. During 1990, the terminal and marine tankers were estimated to emit approximately 450 metric tonnes/year of benzene to the air at an average throughput of 1.8 million barrels/day while benzene emissions from other sources in the basin were estimated to be approximately 3 tonnes/year.

  1. "I'm Coming Home, Tell the World I'm Coming Home". The Long Homecoming and Mental Health Treatment of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozanova, Julia; Noulas, Paraskevi; Smart, Kathleen; Roy, Alicia; Southwick, Steven M; Davidson, Larry; Harpaz-Rotem, Ilan

    2016-09-01

    This study explored the journey of American armed forces personnel from their decision to join the service, through their service in an active military conflict and how these factors may be associated with potential resistance for mental healthcare. The data came from qualitative interviews with 46 OIF/OEF/OND active-duty military, reservists, and discharged veterans of the average age of 25 years, who presented for a new episode of mental health treatment to a large Veterans Affairs Hospital (VAH) in Northeastern United States in 2011-2012. Qualitative analysis of veterans' perceptions revealed several major themes describing how a mental health diagnosis would negatively impact both their sense of identity and pragmatic career-building goals: enlisting as a career-building avenue, 'noble superhero' identity, escaping from hardship, and mental illness as a career-killer. Findings suggest that factors making young veterans resist mental healthcare may be reduced by partnering VAH psychiatrists with career counselors, and by enhancing military leadership's awareness and understanding about how to support soldiers with emotional and mental health needs, with a goal to eliminating stigma. PMID:26566926

  2. Listeria monocytogenes ve Süt Teknolojisindeki Önemi

    OpenAIRE

    Kınık, Özer; Akbulut, Necati

    1991-01-01

    Listeriozis, Listeria monocytogenes’in yol açtığı bir hayvan hastalığıdır ve enfekte olmuş hayvanlardan insanlara bulaşır. İnsanlarda ilk kez 1939 yılında tanımlanan Listeriozis, o tarihten beri ender görülen ancak öldürücü bir hastalık olarak bilinir. Listeriozis insanlarda genellikle septisemi, menenjit ve düşüklere sebep olur. L. monocytogenes vahşi ve evcil hayvanların çoğunu enfekte eder. Hayvan dışkısı, su, toprak, kanalizasyon ve vejetasyonla yayılır. Listeriozis vakalarında anneden ...

  3. Musiikkikasvatuksen kehittäminen päiväkodissa : Opas – Vinkkejä helpoille musiikkihetkille

    OpenAIRE

    Korpela, Jenni; Hällbacka, Marika

    2016-01-01

    Toiminnallisen opinnäytetyömme tavoitteenamme oli tuottaa opas, joka sisältäisi helppoja vinkkejä ja ohjeita musiikkihetkien järjestämiseen päiväkodissa. Tärkeää olisi, että oppaasta hyötyisivät myös ne kasvattajat, jotka eivät koe musiikkia vah-vimmaksi osaamisalueekseen. Kokosimme oppaan sisällön teoriasta ja kasvattajia haastattelemalla. Teoriaosuudessa käsittelemme musiikkia ja sen moninaisia vaikutuksia, jotka edistävät ja tukevat lapsen kasvua, kehitystä ja oppimista. Opinnäytetyöm...

  4. Alluviation of pond of the hydro-electric plant Hricov

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Water basin Hricov has projected reserved volume 6,394 mil. cubic meters. Since 12th August to 31st October 2002 the channel Hricov - Miksova - Povazska Bystrica was launched for revisory works of drainage of Vah. Meterage of existing sludging of water basin was a part of releasing of basin was. Profiles of sediments were measured by released basin. They show, that basin is more than from one third choked with and sludging represents more than one third of used volume. Annually dredged volume of deposits represents approximately 40,000 cubic meters per year. Increase of deposits in basin Hrieov is approximately 150,000 cubic meters per year, what causes yearly decreasing of its accumulation volume. The sediments in basin are contaminated by cadmium, copper, zinc, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and petroleum products. (author)

  5. Eco information 5. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment, locality of Bohunice, within May 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the Vah River and Dudvah River as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP, Interim Spent Fuel Storage (MSVP), Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (VK808 - BSC), The Main Production Unit (VK 46A - HVB) and Bitumenation Lines (VK 46B - BL) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - May 2013 (for NPP V1, MSVP, BSC, HVB and BL, respectively) were: 0.138 MBq (0.000% of AL) for V1, 0.194 MBq (0.065 of AL) for MSVP, 0.192 MBq (0.136% of AL) for BSC, 0.470 MBq (0.071% of AL) for HVB and 0.168 MBq (0.119% of AL) for BL of aero-soles. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a May 2013 for NPP V1, MSVP, and VK 808 BSC, respectively, were: 0.024 MBq (V1), 0.055 MBq (VK MSVP), 0.070 MBq (VK 808 BSC), 0.074 MBq (VK 46A) and 0.011 MBq (VK 46B) of aero-soles into atmosphere; 1.249 MBq (V1 and MSVP) and 6.744 MBq (TSU RAO and NPP A1) of corrosive and fission products, and 5.723 GBq (V1 and MSVP) and 5.744 GBq (TSU RAO and NPP A1) of tritium into the Vah River and 0.000 GBq (V1 and MSVP) and 0.000 MBq (TSU RAO and NPP A1) of corrosive and fission products and 0.000 GBq of tritium (V1) and 0.000 GBq of tritium (TSU RAO and NPP A1) into the Dudvah River). For the period January - May 2013 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 5.653 MBq (0.043% of AL for V1 and MSVP) and 34.953 MBq (0.291% of AL for TSU RAO and MSVP); and for tritium it is 8.397 GBq (0.420% of AL) for V1 and MSVP, and 31.661 GBq (0.317% of AL) for TSU RAO and NPP A1 (into the Vah River) and for corrosive and fission products 0.000 MBq (V1 and MSVP) and 0.000 MBq (TSU RAO and NPP A1) (0.000% of AL) and 0.000 GBq (0.000% of AL) for V1 and MSVP and 0.000 GBq (0.000% of AL) (TSU RAO and NPP A1) of tritium (into the Dudvah River). Chemical effluents are reported, too.

  6. Eco information 12. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within December 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - December 2008 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 6.834 TBq (0.342% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 19.956 MBq (0.025% AL) for V1), 18.56 MBq (1.97% of AL) for A1 and 0.545 MBq (0.18% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 16.754 MBq (0.026% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a December 2008 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.844 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.998 MBq (V1), 14.68 MBq (A1) and 0.047 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 0.229 MBq (V1) of iodine; 0.670 MBq (V1) and 7.46 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 52.9 GBq (V1) and 12.98 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium. For the period January - December 2008 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 17.704 MBq (0.136% of AL) for V1, 113.23 MBq (0.94% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 4330.1 GBq (21.650% of AL) for V1, 212.37 GBq (2.12% of AL) for A1. Chemical effluents are reported, too

  7. Eco information 1. Influence of operation of the plants Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., on the environment within January 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this leaflet the results of monitoring of chemical gaseous and liquid effluents into the rivers Vah and Dudvah as well as of radiation monitoring of Bohunice V1 NPP and Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Centre (MSVP) are presented. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere within January - January 2009 (for NPP V1, A1, and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.470 TBq (0.024% of annually limit (AL)) for V1 of rare gases; 0.437 MBq (0.001% AL) for V1), 0.531 MBq (0.06% of AL) for A1 and 0.011 MBq (0.004% of AL) for MSVP) of aero-soles; 4.024 MBq (0.006% of AL) for V1) of iodine. The radioactive effluents into atmosphere and hydrosphere within a January 2009 for NPP V1, A1 and MSVP, respectively) were: 0.470 TBq (V1) of rare gases; 0.437 MBq (V1), 0.531 MBq (A1) and 0.011 MBq (MSVP) of aero-soles; 4.024 MBq (V1) of iodine; 1.358 MBq (V1) and 2.68 MBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of corrosive and fission products, and 124.4 GBq (V1) and 13.12 GBq (A1 and MSVP, totally) of tritium. For the period January - January 2009 these radioactive effluents into recipient of Vah River represent for corrosive and fission products 1.358 MBq (0.010% of AL) for V1, 2.66 MBq (0.02% of AL) for A1; and for tritium it is 124.4 GBq (0.622% of AL) for V1, 13.12 GBq (0.13% of AL) for A1. Chemical effluents are reported, too

  8. Evaluation of immune response elicited by inulin as an adjuvant with filarial antigens in mice model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahalakshmi, N; Aparnaa, R; Kaliraj, P

    2014-10-01

    Filariasis caused by infectious parasitic nematodes has been identified as the second leading source of permanent and long-term disability in Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America. Several vaccine candidates were identified from infective third-stage larvae (L3) which involves in the critical transition from arthropod to human. Hitherto studies of these antigens in combination with alum adjuvant have shown to elicit its characteristic Th2 responses. Inulin is a safe, non-toxic adjuvant that principally stimulates the innate immune response through the alternative complement pathway. In the present study, the immune response elicited by inulin and alum as adjuvants were compared with filarial antigens from different aetiological agents: secreted larval acidic protein 1 (SLAP1) from Onchocerca volvulus and venom allergen homologue (VAH) from Brugia malayi as single or as cocktail vaccines in mice model. The study revealed that inulin can induce better humoral response against these antigens than alum adjuvant. Antibody isotyping disclosed inulin's ability to elevate the levels of IgG2a and IgG3 antibodies which mediates in complement-dependent cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), respectively, in mice. Splenocyte analysis showed that T cells prestimulated with inulin have higher stimulation index (P < 0.05) than alum except for BmVAH antigen. In vitro ADCC assay showed that inulin formulation had induced higher cytotoxicity with filarial antigens (as single P < 0.01 and as cocktail P < 0.05, respectively) than alum. The results had confirmed the capability of inulin to deplete the levels of Treg and brought a balance in Th1/Th2 arms against filarial antigens in mice. PMID:25041426

  9. Modelling of sediment transport in the reservoir during floods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation author deals with the modelling of sediment transport in the reservoir river during floods on the Vah river, Kysuca river and Rajcianka river. It was concluded that: Decrease of the Hricov reservoir volume by 36% in 2000, thanks to flushing in 2002 only 26%; Sedimentation in reservoir prevails over the erosion; Reservoir sediments mainly from silt particles, less portions of sand and clay; Regression relations between discharge and suspended load discharge derived for inflow rivers - balance of sediment transport; During 1989-2000 suspended load inflow to reservoir 3,253,100 tonnes, sediment deposits 1,575,300 tonnes, and reservoir trap efficiency cca. 50%; Sedimentation of suspended load during normal situations almost on the whole reservoir area, increase of flow velocity at higher discharges can cause resuspension and erosion of reservoir deposits; The Hricov reservoir is proper for alternative ways of sediment removal - passing of inflow sediments through the reservoir in a turbulent suspension and reservoir flushing; It is recommended to continue in sediment transport monitoring

  10. Testing and listing disinfectants – instrument and product of quality assurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gebel, Jürgen

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available In Germany, the Disinfectants Commission of the Association for Applied Hygiene (VAH ensures that the user can avail of procedures that meet the stipulated quality requirements. These requirements are based on the tried and tested standard methods of the German Society of Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM as well as on European standards. They take account of the different requirements dictated by the various fields of application, reflecting the quality assurance system in a transparent manner. Special emphasis is increasingly placed on retesting the products already available on the market. In multi-center trials the inter- and intralaboratory fluctuations in the test results are ascertained, the quest for suitable standard substances intensified, culture conditions and detection procedures are standardized and the test procedures and potential influence factors analyzed in detail. The aim here is to devise test procedures that will yield a reproducible and reliable result independently of the test location, and meet the requirements of everyday practice. Attention must be paid to, inter alia, the prevailing microbial spectrum in quality and quantity, the prevailing organic and inorganic load as well as material and surface properties.The test procedures are gradually brought into line with the current stock of scientific knowledge, because such a task calls for conscientiousness, tenacity and patience as well as continuous dialog between research, industry and practice. Thanks to these joint efforts, we are increasingly better able to meet the demands made by intelligent and selective prophylactic disinfection.

  11. Relationship between landslide in the western edge of Nitra Upland and coming Siladice dam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Today, implementation of the Siladice dam (hereafter VD) to the Vah river between the towns Hlohovec - Sered mentions more frequently. In connection with this prospective construction the issue of stability of the landslide areas of the western boundary of the Nitrianska upland is coming to spotlight. Impact of landslides on the VD, and contrariwise is not only positive but also negative in nature. Regular monitoring of slope deformations, particularly landslides is important not only for existing water works, but even before their construction phase. A failure of monitoring prior to construction, during construction or during operation VD can lead to major damage not only financial (equity), but also the loss of human lives (Vajont, Italy). The detailed monitoring of slope deformations is performed, the better and the accurate can be identified the causes of the mechanism of slope movements. Use and correlation of different methods of monitoring enable better monitoring of landslide movement. Aim of this paper is to outline briefly the issue of landslides of the area in relation to the future dam. The contribution is focused mainly on the critical (most sensitive) sections, which come into direct contact with VD during its construction and use.

  12. नैनो टेक्नोलॉजी - मत्स्य क्षेत्र मे रामबाण

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Abidi, S.A; Ansari, Z.A; Bhagat, D.; Gupta, N.

    Ì ‘| am‘~mU 1 E Eg.E.EM. A{~{X 2 E Om{H$a E. A§gmar , 3 E Xrnm ^JV 4 E {ZË`m Jwám gmam§e Z¡Zmo àm¡Úmo{JH$s Am‘ Vm¡a na {dkmZ Am¡a àm¡Úmo{JH$s Ho$ ê$n ‘| d{U©V h¡ Omo {H$ Z¡Zmo n¡‘mZo na gm‘J«r H$o {Z‘m©U Hw...$ebVmnyd©H$ Cn`moJ H$aVm h¡ & Bg n¡‘mZo na gm‘J«r H$m ì`dhma Am¡a g§aMZm ‘| àH$Q> Z`o Vah H$mo JwU A{YH$m§e ‘m‘bm| go AbJ h¡ & nXmW© H$mo Vab `m R>mog AdñWm ‘| Z¡ZmoH$Um| ‘| em{‘b {H$`m Om gH$Vm h¡& Z¡ZmoH$Um| H$mo dar`Vm Bg{b¶o Xr OmVr h¡ Š`m|{H$ `o g{H«$` gm...

  13. Planning for environmental restoration of the contaminated banks near NPP Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 18 km long banks of the Bohunice NPP waste water recipient are contaminated by cesium-137 as a result of two accidents on the CO2 cooled NPP A1 unit in 1976 and 1977. Since 1992, all he contaminated waste waters dumping from NPP Bohunice has been carried out directly to the Vah River through a specially constructed 15 km long pipeline. The final extent of contamination in the Bohunice site is represented. The overall contaminated area in this site with cesium-137 activity above 1 Bq/g of soil is about 67000 m2 and thus, the corresponding volume of top 20 cm thick soil layer is about 13000 m3. For optimizing less costly remedial measures (warning signs...) an agreed scenario with a pre-estimated factor factor collective dose 2.10-7 man.Sv.y-1/(m2.Bq137Cs.g-1) was applied. Limitation of individual effective doses according to a site specific stay scenario was also considered for this purposes with a limiting value of 0.25 mSv/y. Cost analysis of available remedial techniques were carried out, too. Two techniques have been selected for the contaminated banks restoration project: 1) removing/disposal of 20 cm soil top layer from steep and unengineered banks, and 2) mechanical dilution/fixation of contamination by clean 15 cm soil cover for the contaminated flat areas. Two-fold reduction of anticipated potential radiation risk were accepted, maximally, for the lastly mentioned technique, however cost saving is considerable (about 10-time lower the cost comparing to removing/disposal technique one). The basic acceptance limits AL for 137Cs in soil and criteria size of continuously contaminated bank areas were derived as: AL200 = 6.0 Bq/g and 800 m2 (300 m) or AL50 8.0 Bq/g and 200 m2 (80 m) for removing/disposal of the soil on steep unengineered banks. For clean soil covering technique the resulting limits are in an interval AL50C = 8 up to 16 Bq/g. According to the criteria developed, it is necessary to subject to restoration about 11000 m2 of contaminated area on

  14. The Miksova water power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This leaflet describes the Miksova water power station. The Miksova water power station is part of the second derived cascade of hydro power stations on the river Vah. It was built at the end of a huge development in Slovak hydro-energy in the late 1950's and the beginning of the 1960's. It is the second water power station on this derived cascade, which is situated downstream the Hricov reservoir and water power station. At the power station, three turbine sets with vertical Kaplan turbines are installed with a total power output of 3 x 31.2 = 93.6 MW. With this power output the Miksova water power station (Miksova I) was the biggest water power station in the Slovak Republic until the construction of Pumping water power station Liptovska Mara. And it is still the biggest channel water power station on the Vah so far. It was put into operation during the period 1963 to 1965. There are three turbine sets with Kaplan turbines from CKD Blansko, with a synchronous hydro-alternator installed in the power station. Their installed capacity is 93.6 MW in total and the projected annual production of electrical energy is 207 GWh. The turbines are fi ve-bladed (on the Hricov and Povazska Bystrica water power stations they are four-bladed) and the impeller wheel has a diameter of 4800 mm. They are designed for extension of the head from 24.1 to 22.21 m and each of them has an absorption capacity of 134 m3.s-1 nd a nominal operating speed of 2.08 m3.s-1, runaway speed 4.9 m3.s-1. Each synchronous hydro-alternator has a maximum power output of 31.2 MW, a nominal voltage of 10.5 kV and power factor cos φ of 0.8. Power from the power station is led out through 110 kV switchgear. The water power station operates under automatic turbine mode of operation with remote indication and control from the Dispatch Centre at Vodne elektrarne, in Trencin. From start of operation until the end of 2003 all three turbine sets operated for a total of 450,500 running hours and the Miksova water

  15. ZİHİN KİRLİLİĞİ YABANCI DİLDE OKUMAYI ZORLAŞTIRABİLİR MENTAL POLLUTION IMPEDES FOREIGN LANGUAGE READING COMPREHENSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakup ÇETİN

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The same Turkish foreign language learners of a university preparatory school (N=35 were tested twice on the same preintermediate reading passage within one month interval. In the first condition students were given the reading test (pre-test during theclass time upon watching a documentary on wild life for 40 minutes. After a month before they were given the same reading test (post –test in the same classroom setting, they were shown mental pollutants - a compilation of various videos with violent, scary, erotic, and comedic content from popular video-sharing websites for 40 minutes. It was hypothesized that mental pollutants would contaminate students’ mind by distracting emotional states and slowing mental processes and thus impeding the comprehension of foreign language reading material. The statistical results based on T-test Paired Samples Statistics and OneSample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test show that exposure to mental pollutants remarkably results in poor L2 reading comprehension Bir üniversitenin hazırlık sınıfındaki aynı Türk öğrenciler (N=35, alt orta seviyedeki aynı okuma parçasıyla bir ay arayla 2 kere test edildi. İlk durumda öğrencilere 40 dakikalık bir vahşi yaşam belgeseli izletildikten sonra ders sırasında okuma parçası verildi (ilk test. Bir ay sonra aynı sınıf ortamında, öğrencilere aynı okuma parçası (son test verilmeden önce 40 dakika boyunca ünlü video paylaşım sitelerinden toplanmış şiddet, korku, erotik ve komedi içerikli zihinsel kirliliğe yol açacak videolar gösterildi. Varsayılan şey zihin kirliliğinin öğrencilerin dengelerini bozarak zihinsel fonksiyonlarını dağıtarak öğrencilerin hafızasını yavaşlatacağı ve dolayısıyla yabancı dilde yazılı okuma parçasını anlamaya da engel olacağıdır. Eşleştirilmiş iki grup arasındaki farkların testine ve tek grup Kolmogorov-Smirnov testine dayalı istatistiksel sonuçlar zihin kirleticilere maruz kalman

  16. 基底动脉发育不良与后循环梗死的相关性%Association between basilar artery hypoplasia and posterior circulation infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志勇; 刘尊敬; 田朝晖; 唐文雄; 刘玮; 薛爽; 焦劲松

    2014-01-01

    其卒中防治工作。%Objective To explore the relationship between basal artery hypoplasia ( BAH ) and posterior circulation ischemic stroke and its clinical characteristics to improve the understanding of BAH. Methods A total of 328 hospitalized patients from April 2012 to April 2014 were enrolled retrospectively. With normal course and regular shape of basilar artery on brain magnetic resonance angiography ( MRA) , other causes of posterior circulation ischemic stroke were excluded.They were divided into BAH ( n=48 ) and non-BAH (n=280) groups according to the morphology and diameter of basilar artery on head MRA. We compared the general information and intracranial vascular variations between two groups, especially the incidence rate of posterior circulation infarction and mean blood flow velocity ( Vm ) of basal artery by analyzing clinical information and MRI findings.Meantime, their clinical outcomes were observed through follow-ups.And detailed clinical features were discussed for the patients with posterior circulation infarction in the BAH group.Results ( 1 ) The concurrent lesions included vertebral artery intracranial segment hypoplasia (n=24, VAH), fetal type posterior artery (n=18, FTPA), persistent trigeminal artery (n=1) and giant fenestration variation on vertebral artery ( n=1 ) in the BAH group.In comparison, it was more liable to cranial vascular variations in the BAH group ( P BAH group ( P<0.05).(3) these cases with stroke in two groups had no mortality during a follow-up period of 4-28 months.There were 3 cases with recurrent posterior circulation stroke in the non-BAH group.The number of cases with mRS scoring 2 points or less in the BAH group was more than that in the non-BAH group at discharge, 30 or 90 days after discharge ( P<0.05 ) .( 4 ) these cases with posterior circulation stroke in the BAH group often presented as lacunar syndrome (9/17), paramedian infarction in pons (9/17) and bilateral VAH plus unilateral FTPA (8/17).Conclusion As a relatively rare disease, BAH

  17. Comparación de dos estrategias de vacunación frente a la hepatitis A y B en individuos con hepatitis crónica C Comparison of two vaccination strategies against hepatitis A and B in patients with chronic hepatitis C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. P. Díez Redondo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: aunque se recomienda vacunar frente al virus de la hepatitis A (VHA y al virus de la hepatitis B (VHB a los pacientes con infección crónica por el virus de la hepatitis C (VHC, la estrategia de vacunación más costo-efectiva aún no está establecida. Nuestro objetivo fue comparar la vacunación universal (de todos los individuos con la selectiva (únicamente de los individuos no inmunizados frente al VHA y al VHB de los pacientes con infección crónica por VHC en nuestro medio. Pacientes y métodos: comparamos los costes directos de las dos estrategias de vacunación frente a ambos virus en 313 individuos con infección crónica por VHC. Determinamos los marcadores serológicos del VHA (anti-VHA y del VHB (HBsAg, anti-HBs y anti-HBc y tuvimos en cuenta los costes de vacunas y reactivos en nuestro ámbito. Resultados: la prevalencia de anti-VHA fue del 81,2% y la de anti-HBc del 24,6%. La prevalencia de anti-VHA aumentaba progresivamente con la edad. La inmunización frente al VHA suponía 19.806,64 € con la estrategia universal y 9.899,62 € con la selectiva. La vacunación frente al VHB ascendía a 18.780 € con la inmunización universal y a 20.385,57 € con la selectiva (mediante el anti-HBc. Se analizaron los costes considerando distintos grupos etarios y diversos factores de riesgo. Conclusiones: en nuestros individuos con infección crónica por VHC la vacunación selectiva frente al VHA es la más costoefectiva. Pero cuando el porcentaje de inmunización frente al VHA desciende por debajo del 20% la mejor opción es la universal. La diferencia en la costoefectividad de ambas estrategias de vacunación frente al VHB es pequeña, a favor de la universal, por lo que en subgrupos con elevada prevalencia de anti-HBc, como adictos a drogas y tatuados, la selectiva podría ser la mejor alternativa.Objective: although the vaccination against hepatitis A (VAH and hepatitis B (VBH is recommended in patients with HCV, the most

  18. Dede Korkut Hikâyelerinde Savaşçı Eğitimi Warrior Training In Dede Korkut Stories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lütfü Kerem BAŞAR

    2012-12-01

    ı, devamlı hareket ve mücadeleye dayanır. Bu mücadeleler ise, sadece tabiat ve çevre şartlarıyla değil, aynı zamanda düşmana karşı da verilmiştir. Bu nedenle kuvvet ve savaşçılık, böyle bir hayat tarzını devam ettiren asıl unsurlar olmuştur. Doğa şartlarının sertliği, avcılıkla uğraşma ve çevredeki toplumlarla sürekli mücadele gibi faktörler, göçebe insana savaşçı ve mücadeleci bir kimlik kazandırmada birinci derecede etkili olmuştur. Mücadelelere dayalı olan Dede Korkut Hikâyeleri’nde, savaşçı bir kimliğe sahip olması beklenen kahramanın yetiştirildiğini gösteren sahneler çokça yer almaktadır. Kuvvetli insana dayanan göçebe toplumlarda da, erkek çocuğa büyük bir değer verilmiştir. Bu nedenle özellikle erkek çocuklar, hem boylar arasındaki mücadelede, hem zor durumdaki ve tutsak olan aile bireylerini kurtarmada, hem de avlanma amacıyla yapılan vahşi hayvanlarla mücadelede âdeta özel bir savaş eğitimine tâbi tutulmuştur. Bu çalışmada, Dede Korkut Hikâyelerindeki kahramanların savaşçı bir kimlik kazanmada geçirdiği aşamalar ve hikâyelerin, savaşçı eğitimiyle ilgili olarak vermiş olduğu mesajlar tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır.

  19. Political criticism in Turgay Nar’s play titled Gizler ÇarşısıTurgay Nar’ın Gizler Çarşısı oyununda politik eleştiri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurullah Ulutaş

    2016-08-01

    ştirel yaklaşımlar, edebî eserlerde sıkça işlenmiştir.  İnsanın etik algısının da sorgulandığı bu tür eserlerde iktidar-birey arasındaki ilişki, sisteme dâhil olma veya sisteme karşı çıkma tercihlerini de beraberinde getirmektedir. Weber’in “bürokratik demir kafes” olarak tanımladığı ve insanın bir otomat haline dönüştürüldüğü “kaçınılmaz son”a karşı çıkan Marx; insanın sistemden uzaklaşabileceği konusunda daha iyimser bir tavır sergiler. Turgay Nar, Gizler Çarşısı adlı tiyatro metninde insanın dünyada hiyerarşik ilişkiler sarmalında iktidarın şiddet ve kontrol yöntemleriyle nasıl çürümeye uğratıldığını anlatır. Yazarın, okuyucuya/seyirciye vermek istediği mesajlar, hemen her sahnede değişse de ana tema iktidar karşısında nesneleşen insanın trajedisi olarak okunabilir. İktidar ve paranın gücü, kalabalıklar üzerinde şiddet, unutkanlık, hafıza kaybı gibi vasıtalarla denetim sağlar. Yazar, insanın iktidara geldikten sonra hemcinsi üzerinde sistematik bir baskı kurarak onu kimliksizleştirip sisteme dâhil ettiğini ironik bir tarzda bu eserinde işler. Buna göre, uygarlık, insanoğlunun cinnetini durduramamıştır; bu vahşi düzeni emziren ve kendini ona tutsak/kurban eden de insanın kendisidir. Eserde, dünyayla ilgili sorgulamanın kesildiği an insanın “körleşme ve çürüme”yle karşı karşıya kalacağı tehlikesi de dile getirilir.

  20. AHMET MITHAT EFENDI'S CRITICISM TO THE WESTERN CIVILIZATION IN HIS NOVELS “CARNIVAL”, “AT THE AGE OF 17” “and” “VAH”/ AHMET MİTHAT EFENDİ’NİN “KARNAVAL”, “HENÜZ 17 YAŞINDA” ve “VAH” ROMANLARINDA BATI MEDENİYETİ ELEŞTİRİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet ÖZDEMİR

    2016-03-01

    have caused damage to the social structure. Ahmet Mithat Efendi often compared the Ottomansocial life and the European one, and criticised it. This approach may be defined as the trial to let the reader appraise the right and the wrong simultaneously. Though they are fiction, Ahmet Mithat Efendi's novels are of great importance as they show the reflections of conceptions belonging to the Western civilization on Ottoman society and how the values of the Turkish society changed with the perception of the Western civilization. In this respect, particularly novels “Karnaval, Vah” and “Henüz 17 Yaşında” (Carnival, Vah and At the Age of Seventeen, where Ahmet Mithat Efendi discussed this issue were analysed in terms of the criticisms towards the Western civilization. Thereby, Ahmet Mithat Efendi's way of perception of the Western civilization and his criticisms were tried to be detected via his chosen works.

  1. Batman’da Yeni Bir Keşif: Deraser (Arık Mağara Resimleri A New Discovery In Batman Province: Prehistoric Cave Paintings Of Deraser (Arik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersoy SOYDAN

    2013-07-01

    kurulmuştur.Tarihi yerleşim birimlerinden biri de bugün Batman ilinin Gercüşilçesine bağlı Deraser (Arık mezrasıdır. Burada çok sayıda tarihi kalıntıbulunmaktadır. Gercüş ilçesine yaklaşık 20 kilometre uzaklıktabulunan ve Dicle nehrine hakim bir noktada kurulan Deraser (Arıkmezrasında çeşitli yapı kalıntıları, kayalara oyulmuş mezarlar vemağara duvarlarına çizilmiş tarihöncesi olduğu tahmin edilen resimlerbulunmaktadır. Anadolu’da kayalara çizilmiş tarihöncesi resimlerebirçok yerde rastlanmaktadır ancak kırmızı ve siyah boyayla freskotekniğiyle yapılmış resimler nadir olarak görülmektedir. Bu nedenleDeraser’deki (Arık Berha Nivisandi (Yazılı Mağara olarak adlandırılantoprak ya da kök boyayla yapılmış kırmızı ve siyah renkli resimlerinbulunması önemli bir gelişmedir. Buradaki mağara resimlerindegenellikle evcil hayvan tasvirleri, vahşi hayvan mücadeleleri ve kadınlıerkeklişenlik sahneleri bulunmaktadır. Dünyanın pek çok yerindebulunan tarihöncesi mağara resimleri ile tematik olarak benzeşmeklebirlikte çizim tekniği bakımından özgün bir biçime sahiptir.Çalışmamızda daha önce bölgede çalışan araştırmacılar tarafındançeşitli nedenlerle farkına varılamayan Deraser (Arık mağaralardanderlenmiş resimlere ve bu resimlerle ilgili olarak yapılan araştırmasonuçlarına yer verilecektir.