WorldWideScience

Sample records for ciemat madrid 1998-2000

  1. Evaluation of Environmental Tritium Level in Air and Precipitation in the Area of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y tecnologicas (CIEMAT), Madrid. 1998-2000; Evaluacion de los niveles de Tritio Ambiental en Aire y Lluvia en el Area del Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT), Madrid 1998-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero del Hombrebueno, B.; Simon, M.A.; Larena, P.

    2001-07-15

    Concentration of tritium in environmental samples (air, precipitation) has been determined during 1998-2000, by using electrolytic enrichment and liquid scintillation counting. Atmospheric tritium concentration of tritiated water vapor (HTO), expressed in Bq/l varies within a range of 0,77-10.82 giving an overall average value of 1,81{+-}1,82. HTO expressed in mBq/m''3 air varies within a range of 4,6-70; no correlation with the atmospheric humidity was observed. Tritium concentration in the precipitation ranges from 0.35 to 2,18 Bq/l, without seasonal variations. The tritium concentration in the air of the laboratory was approximately five times higher than in the atmosphere due to evaporation of tritium standard water during the process of the samples. (Author) 9 refs.

  2. Assembly of Drift Tubes (DT) Chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid)

    CERN Multimedia

    Jesus Puerta-Pelayo

    2003-01-01

    The construction of muon drift tube chambers (DT) has been carried out in four different european institutes: Aachen (Germany), CIEMAT-Madrid (Spain), Legnaro and Turin (Italy), all of them following similar procedures and quality tests. Each chamber is composed by three or two independent units called superlayers, with four layers of staggered drift cells each. The assembly of a superlayer is a succesive glueing of aluminium plates and I-beams with electrodes previously attached, forming a rectangular and gas-tight volume. These pictures illustrate the various processes of material preparation, construction, equipment and assembly of full chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid).

  3. Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2005-01-01

    The capital of Spain since 1562, Madrid is located on the geographic center of the Iberian Peninsula. Because of its central location and high altitude, the climate of Madrid is characterized by warm dry summers and cool winters. Madrid is a city of great monuments. Among its highlights are the medieval center dating back to the Habsburg Empire and the Prado Museum. "El Madrid de los Austrias" is how Spaniards call the part of

  4. Research at GANIL 1998/2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present compilation, which gathers 72 articles, tends to reflect a variety of experimental and theoretical works performed at GANIL in the years 1998-2000. This ''just-before-SPIRAL'' period was characterized in nuclear physics by a strong increase in the number of experiments dedicated to the study of the structure of nuclei far from stability. The identification of the doubly-magic 48Ni and study of the neighbouring nuclei are among the most spectacular results of this research. The contributions have been parted into the following topics: 1) nuclear theory, 2) exotic nuclei: reactions, 3) exotic nuclei: spectroscopy, 4) hot nuclei and hot matter, 5) instrumentation, 6) collisions of ions with atoms and molecules, 7) collisions with solids and surfaces, transport phenomena, energy deposition and sputtering, 8) induced effects in condensed matter including nano-structuration, and 9) radiation chemistry and radiobiology. (A.C.)

  5. Research at GANIL 1998/2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frankland, J.; Rothard, H.; Bex, M. (eds.)

    2002-01-01

    The present compilation, which gathers 72 articles, tends to reflect a variety of experimental and theoretical works performed at GANIL in the years 1998-2000. This ''just-before-SPIRAL'' period was characterized in nuclear physics by a strong increase in the number of experiments dedicated to the study of the structure of nuclei far from stability. The identification of the doubly-magic {sup 48}Ni and study of the neighbouring nuclei are among the most spectacular results of this research. The contributions have been parted into the following topics: 1) nuclear theory, 2) exotic nuclei: reactions, 3) exotic nuclei: spectroscopy, 4) hot nuclei and hot matter, 5) instrumentation, 6) collisions of ions with atoms and molecules, 7) collisions with solids and surfaces, transport phenomena, energy deposition and sputtering, 8) induced effects in condensed matter including nano-structuration, and 9) radiation chemistry and radiobiology. (A.C.)

  6. STUK research projects 1998-2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary goal of STUK, the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, is to prevent and limit the harmful effects of radiation. The research conducted by STUK yields new information related to the use, occurrence and effects of radiation and promotes the supervision of nuclear safety. STUK research projects 1998 - 2000 summarizes STUK's own research projects and commissioned research designed to promote the supervision of nuclear safety. Information on the research projects and related publications is also available on STUK's WWW pages at www.stuk.fi. The work done on the safe use of nuclear power and nuclear waste management mainly comprises commissioned research projects which derive from the needs of authorities, and are funded and directed by STUK. This research is conducted by organizations outside STUK, but supervised by STUK experts. In some cases, STUK personnel are also involved. The goal of this research work is to produce the information needed for decision-making, to develop supervisory methods and to ensure that recent developments in science and technology are taken into account in action to promote safe use of nuclear power. STUK's own research focuses on radiation protection and the health effects of radiation. During 1998 - 2000, the main emphasis will be on projects supporting the Finnish national environmental health action plan, the health risks of radiation, emergency preparedness and cooperation with neighbouring CEE areas. EU directives on radiation protection and medical exposure to radiation also influence the course taken by research carried out at STUK. STUK's research activities are now more international than ever; the institute is involved in more then 20 research projects funded by EU. Apart from the EU and the Nordic countries, STUK's main partners are to be found in Russia, Estonia and the USA. (orig.)

  7. SPAM, Activity report 1998-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The aim of this report is to outline the main developments of the ''Service des Photons, Atomes et Molecules'', (SPAM) during the 1998-2000 period: developments in terms of structure, staff, science, collaborations and contracts. SPAM is one of the laboratories in DRECAM (Departement de Recherche sur l'Etat Condense les Atomes et les Molecules), itself depending on the DSM (Direction des Sciences de la Matiere) of the CEA Institution. This report is divided in five chapters. Chapters 1 gathers all the work performed on the light sources, that is to say the evolutions of the femtosecond laser facilities (G1 group) and the achievements on the new SU5 synchrotron line and the Free Electron Laser (part of G3 group). Chapters 2 and 3 focus on the scientific results obtained by the G2 and G3 groups respectively. Chapter 4 gathers all information on SPAM scientific communication while chapter 5 lists interactions with the scientific community. (A.L.B.)

  8. SPAM, Activity report 1998-2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this report is to outline the main developments of the ''Service des Photons, Atomes et Molecules'', (SPAM) during the 1998-2000 period: developments in terms of structure, staff, science, collaborations and contracts. SPAM is one of the laboratories in DRECAM (Departement de Recherche sur l'Etat Condense les Atomes et les Molecules), itself depending on the DSM (Direction des Sciences de la Matiere) of the CEA Institution. This report is divided in five chapters. Chapters 1 gathers all the work performed on the light sources, that is to say the evolutions of the femtosecond laser facilities (G1 group) and the achievements on the new SU5 synchrotron line and the Free Electron Laser (part of G3 group). Chapters 2 and 3 focus on the scientific results obtained by the G2 and G3 groups respectively. Chapter 4 gathers all information on SPAM scientific communication while chapter 5 lists interactions with the scientific community. (A.L.B.)

  9. STUK research projects 1998-2000; Saeteilyturvakeskuksen tutkimushankkeet 1998-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salomaa, S.; Eloranta, E.; Heimbuerger, H.; Jokela, K.; Jaervinen, H

    1998-07-01

    The primary goal of STUK, the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, is to prevent and limit the harmful effects of radiation. The research conducted by STUK yields new information related to the use, occurrence and effects of radiation and promotes the supervision of nuclear safety. STUK research projects 1998 - 2000 summarizes STUK`s own research projects and commissioned research designed to promote the supervision of nuclear safety. Information on the research projects and related publications is also available on STUK`s WWW pages at www.stuk.fi. The work done on the safe use of nuclear power and nuclear waste management mainly comprises commissioned research projects which derive from the needs of authorities, and are funded and directed by STUK. This research is conducted by organizations outside STUK, but supervised by STUK experts. In some cases, STUK personnel are also involved. The goal of this research work is to produce the information needed for decision-making, to develop supervisory methods and to ensure that recent developments in science and technology are taken into account in action to promote safe use of nuclear power. STUK`s own research focuses on radiation protection and the health effects of radiation. During 1998 - 2000, the main emphasis will be on projects supporting the Finnish national environmental health action plan, the health risks of radiation, emergency preparedness and cooperation with neighbouring CEE areas. EU directives on radiation protection and medical exposure to radiation also influence the course taken by research carried out at STUK. STUK`s research activities are now more international than ever; the institute is involved in more then 20 research projects funded by EU. Apart from the EU and the Nordic countries, STUK`s main partners are to be found in Russia, Estonia and the USA. (orig.)

  10. 8 Hour Ozone Design Value for 1998-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Ozone design value is based on the average of the annual 4th highest daily 8-hour maximum over a 3-year period (1998-2000) in this case. This is a human health...

  11. Juan Antonio Rubio appointed as Director-General of CIEMAT

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    Juan Antonio Rubio, Head of CERN's ETT unit (Education and Technology Transfer) has been appointed by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science as the Director General of the Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology, CIEMAT. Dr Rubio's career began at the Spanish Nuclear Energy Commission where he held the posts of Investigator, Head of the High Energy Group and Head of Nuclear Physics and High Energy Division. Later, he was named Director of the Department of Basic Investigation and Scientific Director of the CIEMAT. In 1987 he joined CERN as Scientific Adviser to the Director General and Group Leader of the Scientific Assessment Group. Up to now, Dr Rubio has been the Head of the ETT unit, as well as Coordinator for Latin America and Commissioner for the 50th Anniversary of the Organization. He was born on 4 June 1944 in Madrid, and holds a Doctorate in Physical Sciences from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

  12. Scientific and Technological Facilities in CIEMAT; Las Instalaciones del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vaquero Ortiz, E. M.

    2012-09-13

    The precise knowledge of the available Resources in an Organization, regardless the work it carries out, is an essential strategic enable to achieve its goals. Material Resources are part of the resources in an organization, The Material Resources expression includes a wide span of elements, because a Material Resource, as a generic concept, is each and every specific physical mean, utilised to get any of the Organization objectives. In case of CIEMAT, as Public Research Agency, its Material Resources consists of its scientific and technological facilities. These resources are the basis of this Agency numerous amount of technical capabilities, allowing it to carry out its research, development and innovation activity to transfer its results to the society later. This report is a summary on CIEMAT scientific and technological facilities, whose spread can help to show its scientific and technological capabilities, to enable the execution of a wide variety of projects and to open new external cooperation channels. In that list its possible to find the two Unique Scientific and Technological Infrastructures (ICTS) in Spain which are hold by CIEMAT and the Ionizing Radiations Metrology Laboratory (LMRI) which is the Spanish National Standards Laboratory for ionising radiations. (Author)

  13. Scientific and Technological Facilities in CIEMAT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The precise knowledge of the available Resources in an Organization, regardless the work it carries out, is an essential strategic enable to achieve its goals. Material Resources are part of the resources in an organization, The Material Resources expression includes a wide span of elements, because a Material Resource, as a generic concept, is each and every specific physical mean, utilised to get any of the Organization objectives. In case of CIEMAT, as Public Research Agency, its Material Resources consists of its scientific and technological facilities. These resources are the basis of this Agency numerous amount of technical capabilities, allowing it to carry out its research, development and innovation activity to transfer its results to the society later. This report is a summary on CIEMAT scientific and technological facilities, whose spread can help to show its scientific and technological capabilities, to enable the execution of a wide variety of projects and to open new external cooperation channels. In that list its possible to find the two Unique Scientific and Technological Infrastructures (ICTS) in Spain which are hold by CIEMAT and the Ionizing Radiations Metrology Laboratory (LMRI) which is the Spanish National Standards Laboratory for ionising radiations. (Author)

  14. DISSAnet: Development of an Information Science Research Network in the Republic of South Africa 1998-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wormell, Irene; Bothma, Theo J. D.; Ralebipi, Rocky M. D.

    2002-01-01

    Based on the concept of the NORDIC academic cooperation model (NorFa), in 1998-2000 Danish and international information scientists initiated a co-operative effort to build an education and research network among LIS institutions in South Africa. The paper reports the successful completion of the project, with 20 MA and Ph.D. students selected…

  15. Technology monitoring in the CIEMAT; La vigilancia tecnologica en el CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Martinez, M.; Cuesta, M. J.; Crespi, S. N.; Cabrera, J. A.

    2008-07-01

    The CIEMAT Foresight and Technology Monitoring Unit focuses its activities on obtaining strategic information on future developments in the area of energy and environment that can be used for decision making by the centers management. In addition, it provides services to CIEMAT researchers and other external customers. In May 2007, the Asociacion Espanola de Normalizacion y Certificacion AENOR delivered to the CIEMAT the first Technology Monitoring System certificate granted in Spain as per standard UNE 166006:2006. This article describes the Units experience in the implementation process of the Technology Monitoring System and provides several examples of the way in which the Unit graphically represents the information analyzed in its Technology Monitoring Reports. (Author)

  16. Facility Bench of Stationary Engines for Study of Emissions (E65-PO) CIEMAT; Instalacion Banco de Motores Estacionarios para Estudio de Emisiones (E65-PO) CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rojas Garcia, E.; Rodriguez Maroto, J.J.

    2007-07-01

    The Project of Technology of Aerosols in Generation of Energy, of the Department of Fossil Fuels of the CIEMAT, began in the year 2004, a research activity line, based on the study of the emissions coming from internal combustion engines, particularly of Diesel technology. Activity was continued by the Polluting Emissions Group of the Department of Environment, when becoming the original Project in this Group. From the concession to the Group, of the project GR/AMB/0119/2004 Evaluation of the Emissions of Biodiesel supported by the Autonomous Community of Madrid together with the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), this activity was encourage, with the design, assembly and to get ready of the facility Bench of stationary engines for study of emissions, located in the building 65 at CIEMAT, Madrid. The present report constitutes a detailed technical description of each one of the elements that the installation Bench of stationary engines for study of emissions it integrated within the framework of the referred project (GR/AMB/0119/2004) and whose capacity includes studies of the effects of the engine, fuel, operation conditions, and methodology of sampling and measurement of emissions (gases and particles). The fundamental parts of facility describes in the present report are: engine test cell (cabin of sound insulation , ventilation and refrigeration system, anti vibrations mounting, engine, dynamometric brake), lines of preconditioning of particles and gases emissions (exhaust line, primary and secondary dilution lines, gases cleaning system...), other general parts of facility (sampling and measurement station, service lines...). The present report not only reflects the characteristics of the systems involved, but rather also in certain cases specified the procedure and reason for their choice. (Author) 10 refs.

  17. Facility ''Bench of Stationary Engines for Study of Emissions (E65-PO) CIEMAT''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Project of Technology of Aerosols in Generation of Energy, of the Department of Fossil Fuels of the CIEMAT, began in the year 2004, a research activity line, based on the study of the emissions coming from internal combustion engines, particularly of Diesel technology. Activity was continued by the Polluting Emissions Group of the Department of Environment, when becoming the original Project in this Group. From the concession to the Group, of the project GR/AMB/0119/2004 Evaluation of the Emissions of Biodiesel supported by the Autonomous Community of Madrid together with the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), this activity was encourage, with the design, assembly and to get ready of the facility Bench of stationary engines for study of emissions, located in the building 65 at CIEMAT, Madrid. The present report constitutes a detailed technical description of each one of the elements that the installation Bench of stationary engines for study of emissions it integrated within the framework of the referred project (GR/AMB/0119/2004) and whose capacity includes studies of the effects of the engine, fuel, operation conditions, and methodology of sampling and measurement of emissions (gases and particles). The fundamental parts of facility describes in the present report are: engine test cell (cabin of sound insulation , ventilation and refrigeration system, anti vibrations mounting, engine, dynamometric brake), lines of preconditioning of particles and gases emissions (exhaust line, primary and secondary dilution lines, gases cleaning system...), other general parts of facility (sampling and measurement station, service lines...). The present report not only reflects the characteristics of the systems involved, but rather also in certain cases specified the procedure and reason for their choice. (Author) 10 refs

  18. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000 Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y vejiga que sumaron el 57% de todos los casos. Entre las mujeres destacan por su frecuencia los tumores de mama, colorectal, cuerpo de útero y ovario que sumaron el 54% del total de los casos. Respecto al quinquenio 1993-97, la incidencia global de cáncer en el trienio 1998-2000 ha aumentado un 4,2% en los hombres y un 7,4% en las mujeres. A destacar el aumento de incidencia de cáncer de pulmón y linfomas no Hodgkin en ambos sexos y del cáncer de mama en mujeres y próstata en hombres. Continúan descendiendo las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de estómago en ambos sexos, siguiendo la tendencia iniciada en los 70.Between 1998 and 2000 an annual average of 3,303 cases of invasive cancer were registered in Navarre, 58% of them in men. If we except non melanoma skin tumours, the annual number of cases was 2,495, with gross incidence rates of 559 and 372 per 100,000 in men and women, and rates adjusted to the world population of 312 and 203 per 100,000 respectively. Amongst men, the four most frequently diagnosed tumoural localisations were the prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder, accounting for 57% of all cases. The most notable due to their frequency amongst women were tumours of the breast, colorectal, uterus body and ovary, accounting for 54% of all cases. With respect to the five year period from 1993 to1997, the global incidence of cancer in the three year period from 1998 to 2000 has increased 4.2% in men and 7.4% in women. The incidence of

  19. Euraton-CIEMAT for fusion Association: Annual report 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    This annual report presents the main activities during 1998 in the EURATOM-CIEMAT for the fusion. The goal line of research are: 1. The TJ-II facility 2. Physics Studies 3. Fusion Technology Programme 4. Keep in Touch Activities in ICF at Denim.

  20. Signature of Spanish Traineeship Collaboration Agreement between CERN and CIEMAT

    CERN Multimedia

    Redondo Esteban, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Signature of the collaboration agreement for the training of young Spanish engineers and applied physicists in key CERN technologies. CIEMAT represented by D. Cayetano Lopez Martinez, Director-General. CERN represented by Dr. Jose Miguel Jimenez, Head of Technology Department. In presence of Ms Maria Luisa Poncela Garcia, Secretary-General for Science, Technology and Innovation. Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.

  1. Neutron Standards Laboratory of the CIEMAT; Laboratorio de Patrones Neutronicos del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzman G, K. A. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, C. Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Mendez V, R. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vega C, H. R., E-mail: karen.guzman.garcia@alumnos.upm.es [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico)

    2014-08-15

    By means of a calculation series with Monte Carlo methods and the code MCNPX was characterized the neutrons field produced by the existent calibration sources in the Neutron Standards Laboratory of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT). The laboratory has two neutron calibration sources one of {sup 241}AmBe and other {sup 252}Cf that are stored in a water pool. A detailed three-dimensional model of the room was built with the base of stainless steel remarking in the selector to the sources that situates them to 4 m of the floor to be irradiated on the irradiation table and the storage pool. Each one of the sources was defined on the model in its double steel encapsulated. The spectra were calculated with different cases with the purpose of to calculate the contribution of each element that impacts to the neutrons transport. The spectra of the calibration sources were calculated to different distances regarding the source from 0, 15, 35, 50 to 300 cm on the base and in a same way the values of the ambient dose equivalent using the approaches of the ICRP-74. The results show clearly that the great contribution in the modification of the spectrum is attributed to the walls, and floor of the Neutron Standards Laboratory installations. (Author)

  2. Progress report 1998 - 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reviews all the activities of the CSNSM (nuclear spectrometry and mass spectrometry center). The activities, developments and particular hits or results are presented within 10 themes: 1) nuclear structure, 2) induced fission and exotic nuclei, 3) atomic mass and basic symmetries, 4) nuclear astrophysics, 5) micro-meteorites, 6) mass spectrometry through an accelerator, 7) solid state physics, 8) superconductivity, 9) physical chemistry aspects of irradiation, and 10) electromagnetic separation of ions

  3. Users and Programmers Guide for HPC Platforms in CIEMAT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Technical Report presents a description of the High Performance Computing platforms available to researchers in CIEMAT and dedicated mainly to scientific computing. It targets to users and programmers and tries to help in the processes of developing new code and porting code across platforms. A brief review is also presented about historical evolution in the field of HPC, ie, the programming paradigms and underlying architectures. (Author) 32 refs

  4. Epidemiologi, sygdomspræsentation og forløb af idiopatisk trombocytopenisk purpura hos børn i Danmark 1998-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaersgaard, Mimi; Edslev, Pernille Wendtland; Rosthøj, Steen

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Idopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) is a condition with isolated thrombocytopenia and bleeding symptoms in skin and mucous membranes. It is easy to establish the diagnosis, but treatment is controversial, possibly due to different estimates of the risk for serious bleeding. We...... present the epidemiology and clinical course of ITP during the first 6 months after diagnosis in Danish children diagnosed from 1998-2000. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Nordic Society of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology conducted a prospective registration study of children with newly diagnosed ITP from...... 1998-2000. The study included children ITP and platelet count (TBC) ITP related episodes was recorded at diagnosis and during the first six months. RESULTS: Of 109 included...

  5. Results of the First Evaluation Exercise of the Traceability of Isotope Calibrators in Nuclear Medicine Services of the Community of Madrid; Resultados de la I Campana de Evaluacion de la Trazabilidad de Activimetros de los Servicios de Medicina Nuclear en la Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia-Torano Martinez, E.; Los Arcos Mrenio, J.M.; Roteta Ibarra, M.

    2002-07-01

    To evaluate the traceability of isotope calibrators in the Community of Madrid, an intercomparison exercise was organised by the Laboratorio de Metrologia de Radiaciones Ionizantes (CIEMAT). Samples of ''131 I and''99m Tc were submited to the participant laboratories for measurement. Values reported by the participants and reference values are discussed and compared in tables and graphs and some recommendations are made. (Author) 3 refs.

  6. Puerta del Sol, Madrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Professor Eric Corijn (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) og hans virke som dynamisk urbanist blev sat i scene, da 4Cities-masterprogrammet (4Cities.eu) underviste i Madrid midt under bosættelsen på pladsen Puerta del Sol i maj 2011. Artiklen tematiserer forbindelsen mellem det sociale og rumlige liv på...

  7. Social class differences in secular trends in established coronary risk factors over 20 years: a cohort study of British men from 1978-80 to 1998-2000.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheena E Ramsay

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD mortality in the UK since the late 1970s has declined more markedly among higher socioeconomic groups. However, little is known about changes in coronary risk factors in different socioeconomic groups. This study examined whether changes in established coronary risk factors in Britain over 20 years between 1978-80 and 1998-2000 differed between socioeconomic groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A socioeconomically representative cohort of 7735 British men aged 40-59 years was followed-up from 1978-80 to 1998-2000; data on blood pressure (BP, cholesterol, body mass index (BMI and cigarette smoking were collected at both points in 4252 survivors. Social class was based on longest-held occupation in middle-age. Compared with men in non-manual occupations, men in manual occupations experienced a greater increase in BMI (mean difference = 0.33 kg/m(2; 95%CI 0.14-0.53; p for interaction = 0.001, a smaller decline in non-HDL cholesterol (difference in mean change = 0.18 mmol/l; 95%CI 0.11-0.25, p for interaction≤0.0001 and a smaller increase in HDL cholesterol (difference in mean change = 0.04 mmol/l; 95%CI 0.02-0.06, p for interaction≤0.0001. However, mean systolic BP declined more in manual than non-manual groups (difference in mean change = 3.6; 95%CI 2.1-5.1, p for interaction≤0.0001. The odds of being a current smoker in 1978-80 and 1998-2000 did not differ between non-manual and manual social classes (p for interaction = 0.51. CONCLUSION: Several key risk factors for CHD and type 2 diabetes showed less favourable changes in men in manual occupations. Continuing priority is needed to improve adverse cardiovascular risk profiles in socially disadvantaged groups in the UK.

  8. Efforts by the CIEMAT to diagnose and treat Butterfly children. the CIEMAT in the CIBER of Rare Diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CIEMAT is one of the institutions associated with the Center for Online Biomedical Research of Rare Diseases (CIBERER). The CIBER of Rare diseases is one of the new public consortiums established at the initiative of the Carlos III Institute of Health. It is formed by 60 research groups linked to 30 different institutions. These research groups are the basic operating units and are grouped together in seven scientific areas. With this online structure, the CIBERER is a pioneering initiative to facilitate synergy's between cutting-edge groups and institutions in different areas and disciplines in the field of rare diseases, as well as to ensure that scientific findings are transferred from the laboratory to the clinic, based on the concept of Translational Research. (Author) 13 refs

  9. Distribution of Campylobacter jejuni Penner serotypes in broiler flocks 1998-2000 in a small Danish community with special reference to serotype 4-complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wedderkopp, A.; Nielsen, E.M.; Pedersen, Karl

    2003-01-01

    isolated (n = 180) from these farms during 1998-2000 using Penner serotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The area and the farms were selected according to their prevalence of campylobacter so that both farms with low and high frequencies of campylobacter positive flocks were included......, while serotypes 2 and 1,44, respectively, were the most frequently isolated from the two remaining farms. This serotype distribution differed from the overall country-wide distribution where serotypes 2 and 1,44 are the most prevalent. All serotype 4-complex isolates from the six selected farms were...... compared by PFGE to serotype 4-complex isolates from the rest of the country. The results showed that there was a high level of diversity among isolates from the whole country, whereas isolates from the six farms were very homogeneous and only displayed one or a few different PFGE patterns on each farm...

  10. Research in the Ciemat on severe accidents: strategy and recent results; Investigaciones en el Ciemat sobre accidentes severos: estrategia y resultados recientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.

    2012-11-01

    Severe accident research is a fundamental brick in the nuclear technology wall. Its complexity entails huge challenges that require international cooperation to be overcome. CIEMAT has accumulated more than 40 years of experience in the field. By setting a structured research strategy and a continuous enhancement of theoretical an experimental capabilities, CIEMAT has recently produced the results on which this article builds up. Through them, both its working domains and its firm commitment for a continuous growth of knowledge and know-how are outlined. (Author) 24 refs.

  11. The new CIEMAT strategies for learning and knowledge transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Educational and training systems are a determining factor in the potential for excellence, innovation and competitiveness in the framework of research as a means to improve know-how, capabilities and skills. In recent years, the EU has supported open and distance education through its innovation, education, training and research programs. The European initiatives promote efficiency by improving quality and occupational training in different sectors and by fostering the use of the information technologies. Having followed the new trends in training and the advantages obtained by using the net in training, the CIEMAT has also taken an interest in improving the learning and knowledge transfer environments through its virtual center. It is a space for developing online educational activities in certain areas, in which the center can be considered as expert, such as all subjects related to energy and environment: renewable, radiological protection, atmospheric contamination, fusion, nuclear power, etc. This virtual space includes a Virtual Classroom and a specialized Thematic Portals, and it aims to be a place of reference for the areas of knowledge related to energy and environment. (Author) 5 refs

  12. Participation of CIEMAT in studies of radioecology in european marine ecosystems; Participacion del Ciemat en estudios de radioecologia en ecosistemas marinos Europeos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasco, C.; Meral, J.; Gonzalez, A. M. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    1999-07-01

    In this report the different objectives and results achieved through the participation of the Aquatic Radioecology Laboratory for CIEMAT in some European Projects from 1994 up to now are detailed. A Description of the studied ecosystems, the sampling campaigns performed, and the analytical methods developed are presented as well. Finally the main results and conclusions obtained are summarized. (Author)

  13. complutense de Madrid.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo , Fernández-Valmayor

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Hoy en día el uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación se encuentra plenamente integrado en muchos procesos docentes. Uno de estos usos se concreta en la utilización de sistemas de gestión de cursos en las universidades, donde sirven de soporte a lo que podríamos denominar campus virtuales. Este artículo describe el Campus Virtual de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, incidiendo en los factores claves que han impulsado su desarrollo.

  14. Association of stressful life events with acute myocardial infarction in population in the city of Niš within the period from 1998-2000.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deljanin Zorana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Stressful life events present a very important category of psychosocial stress. A few studies have showed that a psychosocial stress represents a very important risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI, but measures of stress may not be suitable for different countries, cultures and ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of stressful life events with AMI in the period of 1998-2000 in the population of the city of Niš. Methods. A case-control study included 100 patients with the first MI (in the period 1998-2000 and 100 healthy subjects, matched with respect to sex and age (± 2 years from the city of Niš. The data of stressful life events were obtained by the Scaling of life events by Paykel ES, modified by the authors consistent with the examined population and the period of investigation. The Yates χ2 test, odds ratio - OR and their 99% interval of confidence were used as statistical procedures. Results. The results showed that stressful life events in the period of investigation were very important risk factors for AMI with a statistically significant level (p = 0.000. Huge financial problems (OR = 202.36, Ci = 24.82-4387.58, violation of law (OR = 168.00, Ci = 10.66-6658.96 and serious illness of family members (OR = 159.60, Ci = 19.05- 3514.81 were the highest risk for AMI. The patients who reported that his/her son or other member of family had been gone to the army (or mobilization before the illness onset, had 138 times higher risk of AMI (Ci = 14.98-3222.47, χ2 = 40.95, p = 0.000, while the patients who had mobilized themselves had 84 times higher risk (Ci = 7.00- 2363.06, χ2 = 23.87, p = 0.000. Effect of several stressful life events lead to significantly increased risk of AMI and that significance is larger as the number of life events is more frequent (one life event: OR = 28.41, Ci = 3.73- 593.52; χ2 = 17.40, p = 0.000; ≥ 4: OR = 336.00, Ci = 28.31- 9760.28, χ2 = 50

  15. Exploración sobre las migraciones internas en las provincias y los municipios de Cuba (1995-1997 y 1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Montes Rodríguez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las migraciones internas en Cuba atendiendo a dos escalas territoriales: provincial y municipal. El análisis se basa en la comparación de la dinámica migratoria de los períodos 1995-1997 y 1998-2000. La definición de estos períodos la pone el año 1997, año en que el Decreto-Ley 217 va a regular el ingreso temporal o permanente en la Ciudad de La Habana, y especialmente en los municipios de Habana Vieja, Centro Habana, Cerro y 10 de Octubre. Algunos de los resultados de la investigación evidencian como un proceso restrictivo en la llegada de emigrantes a La Capital puede cambiar el sentido de la emigración hacia otros territorios antes no considerados, o considerados menos, como lugar de destino. Las fuentes estadísticas utilizadas ha sido las Estadísticas Continuas desde 1995 al 2000 (Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas y Anuario Demográfico de la Oficina Nacional de Estadística.

  16. The CIEDA-CIEMAT. The close relationship been Environmental Law and Scientific-Technical Innovation; El CIEDA-CIEMAT. La Intima relacion entre el derecho ambiental y la innovacion cientifico-tecnica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molina Hernandez, A. J.

    2010-07-01

    The main goal of the International Environmental Law Studies Center (CIEDA-CIEMAT) is to become a reference center in the area of research, development and dissemination of the legal instruments needed to implement sustainability policies. The CIEDA-CIEMAT forms part of the actions included in the Specific Action Plan for Soria (PAES) that commissions CIEMAT to create such a center. The legal needs associated with environmental protection have brought about a rapid evolution of environmental law. The CIEDA-CIEMAT intends to support the public powers and civil society in the implementation of a sustainable development model. Considering the global nature of environmental problems, the international orientation of the Center is an essential ingredient, with a special focus on cooperation with the developing countries. Tho close ties of this branch of law to scientific-technological knowledge fully justifies the inclusion of a center of this nature in CIEMAT. (Author)

  17. CIEQUI: An oracle database for information management in the analytical chemistry unit of CIEMAT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An in-house software product named CIEQUI has been developed in CIEMAT, with purpose-written programs as a laboratory information management system (LIMS). It is grounded upon relational data base from ORACLE, with the supported languages SQL, PL/SQL, SQL*Plus, and DEC BASIS, and with the tools SQL*Loader, SQL*Forms and SQL*Menu. Its internal organization and functional structure are schematically represented and the advantages and disadvantages of a tailored management system are described. Although it is difficult to unity the analysis criteria in a R AND D organization such as CIEMAT, because of the wide variety in the sample type and in the involved determinations, our system provides remarkable advantages. CIEQUI reflects the complexity of the laboratories it serves. It is a system easily accessible to all, that help us in many tasks about organization and management of the analytical service provided through the different laboratories of the CIEMAT Analytical Chemistry Unit. (Author)

  18. Soil characterization and vulnerability indices of the Autonomous region of Madrid. Scale 1:200.000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioactive contamination of the soil due to a nuclear accident is a risk for the population. A research project, within the program of Radiological Protection by Intervention in CIEMAT, has been developed to study the behaviour of radionuclides in soils. An evaluation of the radiological vulnerability considering the external irradiation and the food chain pathway for caesium and strontium has been determined using partial and global indices, which indicate the potential transfer of the radionuclides via the two mentioned pathways. A detailed study of the soils found in the Autonomous Region of Madrid was carried out with data from individual soil profiles and combining data obtained from maps with a Geographic Information System in order to obtain a spatial distribution of the results. The soil vulnerability for the external irradiation pathway of caesium and strontium is in general found to be higher in more developed soils located in the south and leading to the foothills of the Sierra of Madrid in the north. The vulnerability for the food chain pathway is found to be higher in the less developed soils in acid conditions situated in the Sierra of Madrid. (Author) 11 refs

  19. User's and Programmer's Guide for HPC Platforms in CIEMAT; Guia de Utilizacion y programacion de las Plataformas de Calculo del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munoz Roldan, A.

    2003-07-01

    This Technical Report presents a description of the High Performance Computing platforms available to researchers in CIEMAT and dedicated mainly to scientific computing. It targets to users and programmers and tries to help in the processes of developing new code and porting code across platforms. A brief review is also presented about historical evolution in the field of HPC, ie, the programming paradigms and underlying architectures. (Author) 32 refs.

  20. Consolidation of use of the CSN-CIEMAT radiological protection educational portal; Consolidacion de la utilidad del portal educativo de proteccion radiologica CSN-Ciemat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Llorente Herranz, C.; Marco Arboli, M.; Fernandez Sanchez, J.; Villaroel Gonzalez-Elipe, R.

    2016-05-01

    he workers of nuclear and radioactive facilities are required to undertake training programmes on radiological protection in order to achieve the accreditations and licences granted by the CSN. Since 2003, the Council has been collaborating with CIEMAT in the development, maintenance and updating of the teaching material for these courses. More than a thousand such courses have been delivered to date and their contents are accessible via Internet. (Author)

  1. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume V.- Madrid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid. (Author) 39 refs

  2. Operating Instructions for the Cryogenics in the Liquid Argon Detector at CIEMAT; Operacion de la Criogenia del Detector de Argon Liquido del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, L.; Leal, M. D.; Prado, M. del; Ramirez, J. L.

    2009-12-19

    Ciemat has wide experience in designing and developing gaseous particle detectors. It has taken part in the building of experiments for CERN accelerators, constructing shares of the muon chambers for L3 experiment in LEP and CMS experiment in LHC. Recently, new concepts for particle detectors have been developed, as a natural evolution from the ones built at Ciemat. These new radiation detectors use liquefied noble gases as active media. A testing system for these kind of liquefied argon detectors has been built at Ciemat, and includes a supporting cryogenic system for the liquefaction and maintenance of the liquid argon needed for operating the detector. This document describes the technical features of this cryogenic system. Besides the documentation of the cryogenic system, this technical report can be of help for the management and upgrading of the detector. As well as an introduction, the report includes the following chapters: The second one is a description of the cryogenics and gas systems. The third chapter shows the controlling electronics. The fourth chapter deals with the important topic that is security, its systems and protocols. The fifth describes the cryogenic operations possible in this equipment. The report is completed with diagrams, schemes, pictures and tables for the easier management of the setup. (Author)

  3. A vigilância sanitária em Feira de Santana no processo de descentralização da saúde (1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iraildes Andrade Juliano

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa a organização da Vigilância Sanitária (Visa de Feira de Santana no processo de descentralização da saúde (1998-2000, apontando avanços e limites no cenário local. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, numa perspectiva histórico-social, cujo recorte espacial foi a Divisão de Vigilância Sanitária da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde. Os materiais empíricos foram os depoimentos de gestores, técnicos, inspetores sanitários e fontes documentais. A análise evidenciou a ausência de um projeto político para a gestão descentralizada das ações de Visa no município. Aponta limites: (desarticulação com o nível regional, recursos humanos temporários e sem qualificação técnica, dificuldades na utilização do incentivo financeiro, insuficiência de infra-estrutura e interferências políticas. Destaca avanços: cumprimento da Programação Pactuada e Integrada, cadastramento dos estabelecimentos sujeitos à fiscalização sanitária, articulações interinstitucionais. Esse processo necessita da mobilização de sujeitos sociais com capacidade de vocalização para inscrevê-lo numa agenda de prioridades, em prol da qualidade de vida da população.

  4. Participation of CIEMAT in studies of radioecology in european marine ecosystems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report the different objectives and results achieved through the participation of the Aquatic Radioecology Laboratory for CIEMAT in some European Projects from 1994 up to now are detailed. A Description of the studied ecosystems, the sampling campaigns performed, and the analytical methods developed are presented as well. Finally the main results and conclusions obtained are summarized. (Author)

  5. Galicia y Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Piñeira Mantiñán

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Los avances en la difusión de la Sociedad de la Información en España y en el conjunto de la Unión Europea han sido extraordinarios, sobre todo en lo que respecta al equipamiento y a la conectividad. A día de hoy, tres de cada cuatro hogares en la Unión Europea están conectados a la Red, lo que nos lleva a reflexionar acerca de la superación de la Brecha Digital tradicional tal y como se había entendido hasta ahora. Pero este hecho no implica que la Sociedad de la Información esté plenamente difundida, dado que la verdadera revolución de las nuevas tecnologías no va a tener lugar con una masa social que únicamente haga uso de sus servicios más básicos, sino con aquellos que puedan llegar a producir innovación y conocimiento, y por el momento, esa masa social es aún muy reducida. En el presente artículo se analiza cómo pueden contribuirlas nuevas tecnologías en el proceso de configuración de las Smart Cities. Para ello se estudian el consumo de servicios avanzados tanto por parte de los ciudadanos como del sector empresarial en las comunidades autónomas de Galicia y Madrid.

  6. Bilateral Comparison CIEMAT-CENTIS-DMR for radionuclide activity measurements; Comparacion Bilateral CIEMAT-CENTIS-DMR de la Medida de Actividad de Radionucleidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oropesa Verdecia, P.; Garcia-Torano, E.

    2004-07-01

    We present the results of a bilateral comparison of radionuclide activity measurements between the Radionuclide Metrology Department of the Center of Isotopes of Cuba (CENTIS-DMR), and the Ionising Radiation Metrology Laboratory (LMRI) of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT) of Spain. The aim of the comparison was to establish the comparability of the measurement instruments and methods used to obtain radioactive reference materials of some gamma-emitting nuclides at CENTIS-DMR. The results revealed that there are no statistically significant differences between the data reported by both laboratories. (Author) 7 refs.

  7. Database for the registration of radiological surveillance in radioactive facilities of CIEMAT; Base de datos para el registro de vigilancias radiologicas en las instalaciones radiactivas del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marquez Fernandez, J. L.; Carroza Garcia, J. A.; Perez-Cejuela, P.; Vico Ocon, A.; Alvarez Garcia, A.

    2013-07-01

    In the CIEMAT There are 21 Radiation Facilities in which according to the Radiation Protection Manual must considered radiation hazards and / or contamination. The Radiological Protection Service according to this risk It establishes the classification and marking of areas and a monitoring plan that includes the type and extent of radiological periodicity. The information derived from this monitoring be registered and properly stored. Therefore, it has been completed the design of an application that allows technical experts record their actions and also consult records radiation monitoring tasks performed. (Author)

  8. Soil characterization and vulnerability indices of the autonomous region of Madrid. Scale 1:200 000; Caracterizacion Edafologica e Indices de Vulnerabilidad de la Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid Escala 1:200.000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, T.; Millan, R.; Lago, C.; Trueba, C. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    Radioactive contamination of the soil due to a nuclear accident is a risk for the population. A research project, within the program of Radiological Protection by Intervention in CIEMAT, has been developed to study the behaviour of radionuclides in soils. An evaluation of the radiological vulnerability considering the external irradiation and the food chain pathway for caesium and strontium has been determined using partial and global indices, which indicate the potential transfer of the radionuclides via the two mentioned pathways. A detailed study of the soils found in the Autonomous Region of Madrid was carried out with data from individual soil profiles and combining data obtained from maps with a Geographic Information System in order to obtain a spatial distribution of the results. The soil vulnerability for the external irradiation pathway of caesium and strontium is in general found to be higher in more developed soils located in the south and leading to the foothills of the Sierra of Madrid in the north. the vulnerability for the food chain pathway is found to be higher in the less developed soils in acid conditions situated in the Sierra of Madrid. (Author) 11 refs.

  9. Water quality of selected rivers in the New England Coastal Basins in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, 1998-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campo, Kimberly W.; Flanagan, Sarah M.; Robinson, Keith W.

    2003-01-01

    Nine rivers were monitored routinely for a variety of field conditions, dissolved ions, and nutrients during 1998-2000 as part of the New England Coastal Basins (NECB) study of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The nine rivers, located primarily in the Boston metropolitan area, represented a gradient of increasing urbanization from 1 to 68 percent urban land use. Additional water samples were collected and analyzed for pesticides and volatile organic compounds at two of the nine rivers. Specific conductance data from all rivers were correlated with urban land use; specific conductance values increased during winter at some sites indicating the effect of road de-icing applications. In the more intensely urbanized basins, concentrations of sodium and chloride were high during winter and likely are attributed to road de-icing applications. Concentrations of total nitrogen and the various inorganic and organic nitrogen species were correlated with the percentage of urban land in the drainage basin. Total phosphorus concentrations also were correlated with urbanization in the drainage basin, but only for rivers draining less than 50 square miles. Preliminary U.S. Environmental Protection Agency total nitrogen and total phosphorus criteria for the rivers in the area were frequently exceeded at many of the rivers sampled. At the two sites monitored for pesticides and volatile organic compounds, the Aberjona and Charles Rivers near Boston, greater detection frequencies of pesticides were in samples from the spring and summer when pesticide usage was greatest. At both sites, herbicides were detected more commonly than insecticides. The herbicides prometon and atrazine and the insecticide diazinon were detected in over 50 percent of all samples collected from both rivers. No water samples contained pesticide concentrations exceeding any U.S. Environmental Protection Agency drinking-water standard or criteria for protecting

  10. Neutron field characteristics of Ciemat's Neutron Standards Laboratory Hector Rene Vega-Carrillo

    OpenAIRE

    Guzmán-García, Karen Arlete; Méndez Villafañe, Roberto; Vega-Carrillo, Héctor René

    2015-01-01

    Monte Carlo calculations were carried out to characterize the neutron field produced by the calibration neutron sources of the Neutron Standards Laboratory at the Research Center for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT) in Spain. For 241AmBe and 252Cf neutron sources, the neutron spectra, the ambient dose equivalent rates and the total neutron fluence rates were estimated. In the calibration hall, there are several items that modify the neutron field. To evaluate their effects differen...

  11. Liquid Scintillation counting Standardization of 22 NaCl by the CIEMAT/NIST method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe a procedure for preparing a stable solution of ''22 NaCl for liquid scintillation counting and its counting stability and spectral evolution in Insta-Gel''R is studied. The solution has been standardised in terms of activity concentration by the CIEMAT/NIST method with discrepancies between experimental and computed efficiencies lower than 0.4/% and an overall uncertainty of 0.35%

  12. Consolidation of use of the CSN-CIEMAT radiological protection educational portal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    he workers of nuclear and radioactive facilities are required to undertake training programmes on radiological protection in order to achieve the accreditations and licences granted by the CSN. Since 2003, the Council has been collaborating with CIEMAT in the development, maintenance and updating of the teaching material for these courses. More than a thousand such courses have been delivered to date and their contents are accessible via Internet. (Author)

  13. CIEMAT interlaboratories comparison of the results obtained in the proficiency test run by IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains the results obtained by two different laboratories from CIEMAT after participating in the Proficiency Test organised by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) in 1999. This test involves the analysis of fly ashes containing natural radionuclides and different amounts of added transuranics. The extraction techniques, counting methods and results obtained are detailed. This type of test are used for the labs to achieve their accreditation and check the reliability of the procedures routinely employed. (Author) 4 refs

  14. Quality Control Procedures Applied to the CMS Muon Chambers Built at CIEMAT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this document the quality control procedures applied to the CMS muon drift chambers built at CIEMAT are described. It includes a description of the high voltage and front electronics associated to the chambers. Every procedure is described with detail and a list of the more common problems and possible solutions is given. This document can be considered as a chamber test handbook for beginners. (Author) 3 refs

  15. Characterization of the Plasma Edge for Technique of Atomic Helium Beam in the CIEMAT Fusion Device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report, the measurement of Electron Temperature and Density in the Boundary Plasma of TJ-II with a Supersonic Helium Beam Diagnostic and work devoted to the upgrading of this technique are described. Also, simulations of Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) studies of level populations of electronically excited He atoms are shown. This last technique is now being installed in the CIEMAT fusion device. (Author )

  16. Operating Instructions for the Cryogenics in the Liquid Argon Detector at CIEMAT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ciemat has wide experience in designing and developing gaseous particle detectors. It has taken part in the building of experiments for CERN accelerators, constructing shares of the muon chambers for L3 experiment in LEP and CMS experiment in LHC. Recently, new concepts for particle detectors have been developed, as a natural evolution from the ones built at Ciemat. These new radiation detectors use liquefied noble gases as active media. A testing system for these kind of liquefied argon detectors has been built at Ciemat, and includes a supporting cryogenic system for the liquefaction and maintenance of the liquid argon needed for operating the detector. This document describes the technical features of this cryogenic system. Besides the documentation of the cryogenic system, this technical report can be of help for the management and upgrading of the detector. As well as an introduction, the report includes the following chapters: The second one is a description of the cryogenics and gas systems. The third chapter shows the controlling electronics. The fourth chapter deals with the important topic that is security, its systems and protocols. The fifth describes the cryogenic operations possible in this equipment. The report is completed with diagrams, schemes, pictures and tables for the easier management of the setup. (Author)

  17. Integration Between SCORM Learning Objects and the CIEMAT Virtual Elearning Platform; Integracion de Objetos de Aprendizaje SCORM con la Plataforma de Ensenanza Virtual del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailador Ferreras, M. A.; Troiani, S.; Gonzalez Giralda, C.; Llorente Herranz, C.; Marco Arboli, M. L.

    2010-08-06

    New information and communications technologies have made a major contribution in the way of understanding the training needs, which have been involved in the change from the traditional teaching to the use of virtual learning platforms. Thus, Ciemat, has installed a virtual platform for education, in particular MOODLE in which have been installed some virtual contents developed with Flash. The next necessary step has been how to integrate the contents with the MOODLE virtual platform, following the aim to know the assessment for learning tracking of the learners. This document provides the technological facts for the integration of the flash virtual contents and the virtual platform in order to achieve the training process is efficiently evaluated. (Author) 5 refs.

  18. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-04 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Aqueous Solution); Resultados del Ejercicio Interlaboratorios de Radiactividad Ambiental CSN/CIEMAT-04 (Solucion Acuosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Gonzalez, M. L.; Barrera Izquierdo, M.

    2004-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-04 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonised Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. Following the issue of the European Community Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC concerning the quality of water for human consumption, the last inter-comparison exercise was organised by using a water sample, in an attempt to evaluate the performance of the laboratories analysing the required radioactivity parameters (H-3, gross alpha and beta activity and residual beta). The sample (a synthetic drinking water), was prepared at the National Laboratory for Ionising Radiation's Standards (CIEMAT), and contained the following radionuclides ''241 Am, ''239+240 Pu, ''90Sr, ''137 Cs, ''3 H y ''40 K. The results of the exercise were computed for 38 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. Robust statistics of the participant's results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, including suspected outliers. The exercise has revealed and homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the reference values. A raised percentage os satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for gross alpha, gross beta and residual beta: 85, 97 and 87% respectively. The study has shown that participant laboratories perform radioactive determinations in drinking water samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 16 refs.

  19. Profiles of Information Consumption and Production of CIEMAT Researches within the Period 2005-2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Given the importance of scientific and technological evaluation in the current international scene, the goal is to show CIEMAT researchers' profiles on information consumption and production through different biblio metric indicators, mainly quantitative. Taking further steps based on this data, margins of coincidence on both patterns will be carefully checked not only from a group perspective but also on an individual scale, in the most widely used scientific journals. This analysis shall reveal the information needs of researchers for the future design of documentary strategies. (Author) 21 refs.

  20. TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST Liquid Scintillation Methods applied to the Radionuclide Metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cruz, P. A. L.; da Silva, C. J.; Iwahara, A.; Loureiro, J. S.; De Oliveira, A. E.; Tauhata, L.; Lopes, R. T.

    2016-07-01

    This work presents TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST methods of liquid scintillation implemented in National Institutes of Metrology for activity standardization of radionuclides, which decay by beta emission and electron capture. The computer codes used to calculate the detection efficiency take into account: decay schemes, beta decay theory, quenching parameter evaluation, Poisson statistic model and Monte Carlo simulation for photon and particle interactions in the detection system. Measurements were performed for pure emitters 3H, 14C, 99Tc and for 68Ge/68Ga which decay by electron capture and positron emission, with uncertainties smaller than 1% (k = 1).

  1. TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST liquid scintillation methods applied to the radionuclide metrology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz, Paulo A.L. da; Silva, Carlos J. da; Iwahara, Akira; Loureiro, Jamir S.; Oliveira, Antonio E. de; Tauhata, Luiz, E-mail: palcruz@ird.gov.br [Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lopes, Ricardo T. [Coordenacao de Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia (PEN/COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear

    2015-07-01

    In this work are presented TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST methods of liquid scintillation implemented in National Institutes of Metrology for activity standardization of radionuclides which decay by beta emission and electron capture. The computer codes to calculate the detection efficiency take into account: decay schemes, beta decay theory, quenching parameter evaluation, Poisson statistic model and Monte Carlo simulation for photon and particle interactions in the detection system. Measurements were performed for {sup 3}H, {sup 14}C, {sup 99}Tc pure beta emitters in a large energy range, and {sup 68}Ge/{sup 68}Ga which decay by electron capture and positron emission, with uncertainties smaller than 1% (k = 1). (author)

  2. Development and Testing of Atomic Beam-Based Plasma Edge Diagnostics in the CIEMAT Fusion Devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report the development of plasma edge diagnostic based on atomic beam techniques fir their application in the CIEMAT fusion devices is described. The characterisation of the beams in laboratory experiments at the CSIC, together with first results in the Torsatron TJ-II are reported. Two types of beam diagnostics have been developed: a thermal (effusive) Li and a supersonic, pulsed He beams. This work has been carried out in collaboration between the institutions mentioned above under partial financial support by EURATOM. (Author) 17 refs

  3. Implementation of ISO 28218 quality system in the laboratory of body radioactivity counter CIEMAT; Implementacion de la norma ISO 28218 en el sistema de calidad del laboratorio del contador de radiactividad corporal del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Navarro Amaro, J. F.; Perez Lopez, B.; Lopez Ponte, M. A.; Perez Jimenez, C.

    2011-07-01

    The laboratory of body radioactivity counter has implemented IS0 28218 standard Performance Criteria for Radio bioassay in all measured in vivo techniques of internal contamination in the human organism in monitoring programs defined by the Personal Dosimetry Service Internal CIEMAT. The application of this rule in the laboratory's quality system is essential to meet the technical requirements of the standard IS0/IEC 17025 with the purpose of obtaining ENAC accreditation as a testing laboratory and calibration within the framework of the accreditation of Service CIEMAT Radiation Dosimetry. (Author)

  4. La arquitectura racionalista en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Campo Baeza, Alberto

    1982-01-01

    as aportaciones más significativas que, a mi entender, presenta la tesis doctoral que ahora considero y que, en mi opinión, tienen mayor originalidad, frente a los lugares comunes corrientemente admitidos, son las siguientes; 1.Propuesta de una nueva valoración no racionalista de la arquitectura de vanguardia proyectada en, Madrid durante las décadas de los años 1920 y 1930; 2 . Abandono del enfoque único hecho hasta ahora de toda la arquitectura de ese período, a la luz de un supuesto racion...

  5. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-04 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Aqueous Solution)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-04 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonised Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. Following the issue of the European Community Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC concerning the quality of water for human consumption, the last inter-comparison exercise was organised by using a water sample, in an attempt to evaluate the performance of the laboratories analysing the required radioactivity parameters (H-3, gross alpha and beta activity and residual beta). The sample (a synthetic drinking water), was prepared at the National Laboratory for Ionising Radiation's Standards (CIEMAT), and contained the following radionuclides ''241 Am, ''239+240 Pu, ''90Sr, ''137 Cs, ''3 H y ''40 K. The results of the exercise were computed for 38 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. Robust statistics of the participant's results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, including suspected outliers. The exercise has revealed and homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the reference values. A raised percentage os satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for gross alpha, gross beta and residual beta: 85, 97 and 87% respectively. The study has shown that participant laboratories perform radioactive determinations in drinking water samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 16 refs

  6. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-100 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Soil); Resultados del Ejercicio Interlaboratorios de Radiactividad Ambiental CSN/CIEMAT-00 (Suelo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Gonzalez, M. L.

    2002-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-00 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. the exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonized Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. the test sample was a soil containing environmental levels of K-40, Ra-226, Ac-228, Sr-90, Cs-137, Cs-134, Pu (239-240) y Am-241. the Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona prepared the material and reported adequate statistical studies of homogeneity. The results of the exercise were computed for 30 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the u-score approach. A raised percentage of satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for all the analysis, being the best performance in gamma measurements. The exercise has drawn that several laboratories have difficulties in the evaluation of combined uncertainty, mainly in analysis involving radiochemical steps. The study has shown an homogeneous inter-laboratory behaviour, and the improvement achieved through subsequent exercises in the quality of the data they are producing. (Author) 10 refs.

  7. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-02 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Sea Fish); Resultados del Ejercicio Interlaboratorios de Radiactividad Ambiental CSN/CIEMAT-02 (Fauna Marina)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero gonzalez, M. L.

    2003-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-02 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonized Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. The test sample was a reference materials provided by the IAEA-MEL (IAE Marine Environmental Laboratory, Monaco), a sea fish containing environmental levels of U-238, U-234, K-40, Pb-210, Ra-226, Sr-90, Cs-137, Co-60, Pu-(239+240), Am-241 and Tc-99. The results of the exercise were computed for 32 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. A raised percentage of satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for all the analysis, being the best performance in gamma measurements. The laboratories have made an effort to calculate the combined uncertainty of the radiochemical determinations. Most of the laboratories have demonstrated its competence in performing the study analysis and also the adequate measuring capability of their detection equipment even in conditions close to detection limits. The study has shown the capacity of participant laboratories to perform radioactive determinations in environmental sea fish samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 6 refs.

  8. The new CIEMAT strategies for learning and knowledge transfer; Las nuevas estrategias para el aprendizaje y la transferencia de conocimiento del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marco Arboli, M.

    2008-07-01

    Educational and training systems are a determining factor in the potential for excellence, innovation and competitiveness in the framework of research as a means to improve know-how, capabilities and skills. In recent years, the EU has supported open and distance education through its innovation, education, training and research programs. The European initiatives promote efficiency by improving quality and occupational training in different sectors and by fostering the use of the information technologies. Having followed the new trends in training and the advantages obtained by using the net in training, the CIEMAT has also taken an interest in improving the learning and knowledge transfer environments through its virtual center. It is a space for developing online educational activities in certain areas, in which the center can be considered as expert, such as all subjects related to energy and environment: renewable, radiological protection, atmospheric contamination, fusion, nuclear power, etc. This virtual space includes a Virtual Classroom and a specialized Thematic Portals, and it aims to be a place of reference for the areas of knowledge related to energy and environment. (Author) 5 refs.

  9. Monte Carlo analysis of the Neutron Standards Laboratory of the CIEMAT; Analisis Monte Carlo del Laboratorio de Patrones Neutronicos del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico); Mendez V, R. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Guzman G, K. A., E-mail: fermineutron@yahoo.com [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Ingenieria Nuclear, C. Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-10-15

    By means of Monte Carlo methods was characterized the neutrons field produced by calibration sources in the Neutron Standards Laboratory of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT). The laboratory has two neutron calibration sources: {sup 241}AmBe and {sup 252}Cf which are stored in a water pool and are placed on the calibration bench using controlled systems at distance. To characterize the neutrons field was built a three-dimensional model of the room where it was included the stainless steel bench, the irradiation table and the storage pool. The sources model included double encapsulated of steel, as cladding. With the purpose of determining the effect that produces the presence of the different components of the room, during the characterization the neutrons spectra, the total flow and the rapidity of environmental equivalent dose to 100 cm of the source were considered. The presence of the walls, floor and ceiling of the room is causing the most modification in the spectra and the integral values of the flow and the rapidity of environmental equivalent dose. (Author)

  10. AstroMadrid: Astrophysics and technological developments in Comunidad de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mas-Hesse, J. M.

    2011-11-01

    AstroMadrid is a network constituted by different research groups in the Comunidad de Madrid area, with the objective of coordinating the activities related to the development of astronomical instrumentation in the various centres. AstroMadrid is a multidisciplinar team which benefits from the synergies provided by the different participating groups, optimizing our capabilities to develop instrumentation, and minimizing the problems related to the geographical dispersion within our region. AstroMadrid is also participated by several aerospace industries, which complement the capabilities and facilities available in the research centres. In addition to optimizing the development of instrumentation, AstroMadrid plays an essential role in the formation of new engineers and scientists, by actively contributing to some Master degree courses organized by different Universities in Madrid.

  11. České centrum Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Pilná, Kristýna

    2014-01-01

    The thesis analyses the Czech Centre in Madrid and its importance for the export of Czech culture to Spain. The thesis explains the importance of public diplomacy for small and medium-sized states and represents its actors in the Czech Republic. Thesis presents the Czech Centres, their structure, activities, financing and strategy. The thesis puts the Czech Centre Madrid in the context of current economic situation in Spain and trade cooperation with the Czech Republic. The paper identifies m...

  12. Recent progress in thin-film-silicon photovoltaic devices at CIEMAT; Recientes progresos en la tecnologia de dispositivos fotovoltaicos de silicio en lamina delgada en el CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gandia, J. J.; Carabe, J.

    2011-07-01

    Solar photovoltaic energy has evolved in the last 50 years on the basis of the co-existence of two fundamental technological paths: that of wafer-based silicon, dominating the market, and that of thin films, representing an important part of the options for the future of this energy-conversion field. More recently new concepts have gained significance, such as concentration photovoltaic (CPV), dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSC), organic cells, silicon-heterojunction (SHJ) cells and thin-crystalline silicon devices among others. over 90% of all these PV technologies are based on the use of either of the forms of the most abundant element of the earth crust: silicon. CIEMAT, being aware of the relevant role renewable energies and post-vocalic in particular must play in dinging solutions to the energy and environmental problem, has several action lines within this discipline. Among them is the one developed at the laboratory for Deposited-silicon Devices (DSD), entirely devoted to acquiring by own means the technology required for the fabrication of thin-film-silicon-based PV devices in order to be in conditions to give a maximum support to the Spanish industry in this field. Within the context of the historic evolution of PV technology in the world, this paper describes the progress of the DSD lab in the last years, according to a plan aimed at developing technology of the maximum strategic value. such a working scheme, supported by valuable collaborations, has led the group to a reference position in the areas of thin-film-silicon p-i-n devices on glass, silicon-heterojunction cells and p-i-n devices on flexible substrates. (Author) 5 refs.

  13. Wind energy resource assessment in Madrid region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Migoya, Emilio; Crespo, Antonio; Jimenez, Angel; Garcia, Javier; Manuel, Fernando [Laboratorio de Mecanica de Fluidos, Departamento de Ingenieria Energetica y Fluidomecanica, Escuela Tecnica Superior Ingenieros Industriales (ETSII), Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal, 2-28006, Madrid (Spain)

    2007-07-15

    The Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid (Autonomous Community of Madrid, in the following Madrid Region), is a region located at the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula. Its area is 8.028 km{sup 2}, and its population about five million people. The Department of Economy and Technological Innovation of the Madrid Region, together with some organizations dealing on energy saving and other research institutions have elaborated an Energy Plan for the 2004-12 period. As a part of this work, the Fluid Mechanics Laboratory of the Superior Technical School of Industrial Engineers of the Polytechnic University of Madrid has carried out the assessment of the wind energy resources [Crespo A, Migoya E, Gomez Elvira R. La energia eolica en Madrid. Potencialidad y prospectiva. Plan energetico de la Comunidad de Madrid, 2004-2012. Madrid: Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid; 2004]; using for this task the WAsP program (Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program), and the own codes, UPMORO (code to study orography effects) and UPMPARK (code to study wake effects in wind parks). Different kinds of data have been collected about climate, topography, roughness of the land, environmentally protected areas, town and village distribution, population density, main facilities and electric power supply. The Spanish National Meteorological Institute has nine wind measurement stations in the region, but only four of them have good and reliable temporary wind data, with time measurement periods that are long enough to provide representative correlations among stations. The Observed Wind Climates of the valid meteorological stations have been made. The Wind Atlas and the resource grid have been calculated, especially in the high wind resource areas, selecting appropriate measurements stations and using criteria based on proximity, similarity and ruggedness index. Some areas cannot be used as a wind energy resource mainly because they have environmental regulation or, in some cases, are very close

  14. Recasting Madrid and Its Characters in Munoz Molina's "Los misterios de Madrid"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Sheri Spaine

    2009-01-01

    "Los misterios de Madrid" (1992) provides a burlesque novelistic portrayal of the changing capital city and its inhabitants in the early 1990s. Spanish writer Antonio Munoz Molina creates vignettes of Madrid's people and places while showing the capital as a destination for both foreign-born immigrants and provincial Spaniards alike. In…

  15. CIEMAT participation in the VI National Plan of Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008-2012; Participacion del CIEMAT en el VI Plan Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica, Desarrollo e Innovacion Tecnologica 2008-2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez, M. T.; Puertas, M. I.

    2014-02-01

    The participation of CIEMAT in the VI National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008-2011, that was extended by decision of the Council of Ministers until December 2012, is presented. In the first part of the report presents a complete information about the structure of the Plan, the various Instrumental Lines of Action and subsequent calls for National Programs, that have taken place throughout the development of the Plan since its beginning in 2008 until its closure gives in December 2012. The second part of the report includes the description and analysis of the participation of CIEMAT in the calls of the various National Programs, and the contribution of each of the Departments in the number of projects awarded and the funding obtained. The Total number of funded projects was 292, which meant funding amounting to 101, 5 M Euros. (Author)

  16. CIEMAT Interlaboratories Comparison of the Results obtained in the Proficiency Test Run by IAEA; Comparacion Interlaboratorios del CIEMAT de los Resultados Obtenidos en la Prueba de Capacitacion de Analisis de Transuranicos en Cenizas propocionadas por el OIEA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasco, C.; Anton, M. P.; Alvarez, A.; Navarro, N.; Meral, J.; Gonzalez, A.; Higueras Lafaja, E. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    This report contains the results obtained by two different laboratories from CIEMAT after participating in the Proficiency Test organised by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) in 1999. This test involves the analysis of fly ashes containing natural radionuclides and different amounts of added transuranics. The extraction techniques, counting methods and results obtained are detailed. This type of test are used for the labs to achieve their accreditation and check the reliability of the procedures routinely employed. (Author) 4 refs.

  17. Characterization of the Plasma Edge for Technique of Atomic Helium Beam in the CIEMAT Fusion Device; Caracterizacion del Borde del Plasma del Dispositivo de Fusion TJ-II del CIEMAT mediante el Diagnostico del Haz Supersonico de Helio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hidalgo, A.

    2003-07-01

    In this report, the measurement of Electron Temperature and Density in the Boundary Plasma of TJ-II with a Supersonic Helium Beam Diagnostic and work devoted to the upgrading of this technique are described. Also, simulations of Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) studies of level populations of electronically excited He atoms are shown. This last technique is now being installed in the CIEMAT fusion device. (Author ) 36 refs.

  18. Quality Control Procedures Applied to the CMS Muon Chambers Built at CIEMAT; Procedimientos de Control de Calildad de las Camaras de Muones del Experimento CMS Construidas en el CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fouz, M. C.; Puerta Pelayo, J.

    2004-07-01

    In this document the quality control procedures applied to the CMS muon drift chmabers built at CIEMAT are described. It includes a description of the high voltage and front electronics associated to the chambers. Every procedure is described with detail and a list of the more common problems and possible solutions is given. This document can be considered as a chambert test handbook for beginners. (Author) 3 refs.

  19. Infrared spectra of U.S. automobile original finishes (1998-2000). IX. identification of bismuth oxychloride and silver/white mica pearlescent pigments using extended range FT-IR spectroscopy, XRF spectrometry, and SEM/EDS analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Edward M

    2014-09-01

    Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl) was the first viable synthetic pearl pigment developed 50 years ago. It was only used for a limited time period in automotive paint (model years 1998-2000), serving to produce luster for a single Chrysler black metallic color. Identification of this pigment in an unknown automotive paint can thus facilitate determination of the vehicle of origin. Bismuth oxychloride imparts effects similar to those produced by silver/white mica pearlescent pigments, and such a pigment was used together with bismuth oxychloride in at least one original equipment manufacturer (OEM) basecoat. Silver/white micas are now used primarily in white pearl tricoat systems. This article describes the identification of bismuth oxychloride and silver/white mica pearlescent pigments in automotive finishes using FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry, and SEM/EDS analysis. Data for some cadmium pigments, which were used in automotive paint several decades ago, are also presented as they produce infrared absorptions similar to that of bismuth oxychloride. PMID:24646090

  20. CIEMAT EXTERNAL DOSIMETRY SERVICE: ISO/IEC 17025 ACCREDITATION AND 3 Y OF OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE AS AN ACCREDITED LABORATORY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, A M; Rodríguez, R; López, J L; Martín, R; Benavente, J F

    2016-09-01

    In 2008, the CIEMAT Radiation Dosimetry Service decided to implement a quality management system, in accordance with established requirements, in order to achieve ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation. Although the Service comprises the approved individual monitoring services of both external and internal radiation, this paper is specific to the actions taken by the External Dosimetry Service, including personal and environmental dosimetry laboratories, to gain accreditation and the reflections of 3 y of operational experience as an accredited laboratory. PMID:26567323

  1. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-2008 among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Phosphogypsum)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-2008 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC. Aphosphogypsum material was used as a test sample, in an attempt to evaluate the performance of the laboratories analyzing NORM (Naturally-Occurring Radioactive Materials). The analysis required were: U-238, Th-234, U-234, Th-230, Ra-226, Pb-214, Bi-214, Pb-210, Po-210, Th-232 and U-235, and also gross alpha and gross beta activities. Reference values have been established according to the method of consensus of expert laboratories, with four international laboratories of credited experience: IAEA Seibersdorf, IAEA MEL, IRSN-Orsay and Sta.Teresa ENEA. The results of the exercise were computed for 34 answering laboratories and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score. Robust statistics of the participants results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, to achieve a more complete and objective study of the laboratories performance. The exercise has shown an homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the assigned Reference Values. Participant laboratories have demonstrated their ability to determine natural radionuclides in phosphogypsum samples (NORM material) with a satisfactory quality level. The scheme has also allowed examining the capability of laboratories to determine the activities of natural radionuclides at the equilibrium. (Author) 10 refs.

  2. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-02 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Sea Fish)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-02 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonized Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. The test sample was a reference materials provided by the IAEA-MEL (IAE Marine Environmental Laboratory, Monaco), a sea fish containing environmental levels of U-238, U-234, K-40, Pb-210, Ra-226, Sr-90, Cs-137, Co-60, Pu-(239+240), Am-241 and Tc-99. The results of the exercise were computed for 32 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. A raised percentage of satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for all the analysis, being the best performance in gamma measurements. The laboratories have made an effort to calculate the combined uncertainty of the radiochemical determinations. Most of the laboratories have demonstrated its competence in performing the study analysis and also the adequate measuring capability of their detection equipment even in conditions close to detection limits. The study has shown the capacity of participant laboratories to perform radioactive determinations in environmental sea fish samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 6 refs

  3. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-100 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Soil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-00 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. the exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonized Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. the test sample was a soil containing environmental levels of K-40, Ra-226, Ac-228, Sr-90, Cs-137, Cs-134, Pu (239-240) y Am-241. the Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona prepared the material and reported adequate statistical studies of homogeneity. The results of the exercise were computed for 30 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the u-score approach. A raised percentage of satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for all the analysis, being the best performance in gamma measurements. The exercise has drawn that several laboratories have difficulties in the evaluation of combined uncertainty, mainly in analysis involving radiochemical steps. The study has shown an homogeneous inter-laboratory behaviour, and the improvement achieved through subsequent exercises in the quality of the data they are producing. (Author) 10 refs

  4. Moto-cine en Madrid – Barajas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chueca Goitia, Fernando

    1959-05-01

    Full Text Available Madrid, después de Roma, ha sido la segunda capital de Europa que ha construido y puesto en funcionamiento un motocine, es decir, un cine para automóviles, con arreglo a los últimos adelantos que este tipo de espectáculos ha llegado a alcanzar.

  5. Proposed New Madrid NWR Contaminant Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The area studied in this report is near New Madrid in southeast Missouri. This area consists of the St. John's Bayou, 8,500 acres and Eagle's Nest area, 3,500...

  6. Palinocam Network: airborne pollen vigilance in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Cervigón Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Asthma Regional Programme started to give up in 1992 with four big areas. Palinocam network project was first set up in Madrid as a part of Asthma Regional Programme, comprised in a wider Environmental Subprogram: Palynological Network of Madrid Region (PALINOCAM NETWORK.Palynological network is a multidisciplinary organization which has been working since 1993. In that moment an Experts Committee was created with This Experts Committee is coordinated by the Public Health Institute, under the technical Direction of Faculty of Pharmacy and is integrated by all of the involved institutions. This juridical framework is completed with individual agreements signed between the Councils and the Public Health Department, and with a Collaboration Agreement signed with the Madrid ́s Complutense University Faculty of Pharmacy.This network main aim is to watch for aerobiological content in Madrid's air, for a best knowledge of patients expositions in each geographical area in en different moment. This information has a great interest for Public Health.Palinocam Network is a useful tool in Public Health for offering information of aerobiological levels by Internet and Telephonic Service yearly .In this way allergic patients, sanitarians and media can know the most frequent pollen types in each season and its airborne level.

  7. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-05 among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Vegetable Ash)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-05 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the IUPAC International harmonised protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical chemistry laboratories. The exercise has been designed to evaluate the capability of national laboratories to determine environmental levels of radionuclides in vegetable ash samples. The sample has been prepared by the Environmental Radiation Laboratory, from the University of Barcelona, and it contains the following radionuclides: Sr-90, Pu-238, Am-241, Th-230, Pb-210, U-238, Ra-226, K-40, Ra-228, TI-208, Cs- 137 and Co-60. Reference values have been established TROUGH the kind collaboration of three international laboratories of recognized experience: IAEA MEL and IRSN-Orsay. The results of the exercise were computed for 35 participating laboratories and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. Robust statistics of the participant's results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, to achieve a more complete and objetiva study of the laboratories' performance. Some difficulties encountered to dissolve the test sample caused a lower response of analyses involving radiochemical separation, thus some laboratories couldn't apply their routine methods and no conclusions on PU-238, Am-241 and Th-230 performances have been obtained. The exercise has revealed an homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the reference values. The study has shown that participant laboratories perform radioactive determinations in vegetable ash samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 6 refs

  8. CIEMAT Contribution to the PHEBEN-2 Project: Interpretation of the PHEBUS-FPT1. Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.; Pra, C. l. del; Rincon, A. M.

    2003-07-01

    This report summarises the CIEMAT contribution to the analysis of the FPT1 test of the PHEBUS-FP Project. The work carried out has been focussed on containment phenomena. the thermal hydraulic evolution and the aerosol behaviour has been simulated with CONTAIN 2.0 code, whereas the iodine chemistry has been modelled with IODE 4.2. In both cases a number of hypotheses and approximations have been adopted. The FPT1 experiment investigated core degradation and release, transport and behaviour of fission products and aerosols under the anticipated conditions for a low pressure accident sequence with a pipe break at the cold leg. The containment scenario was essentially characterised by a condensing and unsaturated atmosphere in contact with an acidic sump. CONTAIN 2.0 has provided an accurate picture of the thermo-hydraulic and aerosol behaviour, whereas IODE 4.2, although succeeded in predicting the overall iodine mass distribution, but it has been unable to capture the gaseous iodine evolution during the experiment. Steam input and condensation determined the thermal conditions of the vessel and made around 30% of particulate mass deplete onto condensing structures. Most of iodine was trapped by silver from the control rods and formed AgI in the sump. the deviations of predictions regarding gaseous iodine point out the need of further development of organics-iodine interaction models. Finally, it should be underlined that the simulation has shed light on experimental aspects as well. The measured steam input history should have been slightly different from the one specified in the final report: a new profile has been proposed. The samplings of airborne caesium (rather different from the {gamma}-spectrometry data) are the most reliable measurements. (Author) 10 refs.

  9. Characterization of the storage pool of the Neutron Standards Laboratory of CIEMAT, using Monte Carlo techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campo B, X.; Mendez V, R.; Embid S, M. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98060 Zacatecas (Mexico); Sanz G, J., E-mail: xandra.campo@ciemat.es [Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, C. Juan del Rosal 12, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-08-15

    Neutron Standards Laboratory of CIEMAT in Spain is a brand new irradiation facility, with {sup 241}Am-Be (185 GBq) and {sup 252}Cf (5 GBq) calibrated neutron sources which are stored in a water pool with a concrete cover. From this storage place an automated system is able to take the selected source and place it in the irradiation position, 4 m over the ground level and in the geometrical center of the Irradiation Room with 9 m (length) x 7.5 m (width) x 8 m (height). For calibration or irradiation purposes, detectors or materials can be placed on a bench but it is possible to use the pool (1.0 m x 1.5 m and more than 1.0 m depth) for long time irradiations in thermal neutron fields. For this reason it is essential to characterize the pool itself in terms of neutron spectrum. In this document, the main features of this facility are presented and the characterization of the storage pool in terms of neutron fluence rate and neutron spectrum has been carried out using simulations with MCNPX-2.7.e code. The MCNPX-2.7.e model has been validated using experimental measurements outside the pool (Bert hold LB6411). Inside the pool, the fluence rate decreases and the spectra is thermalized with the distance to the {sup 252}Cf source. This source predominates and the effect of the {sup 241}Am-Be source in these magnitudes is not shown until positions closer than 20 cm from it. (author)

  10. Liquid scintillation counting standardization of 125I in organic and inorganic samples by the CIEMAT/NIST method; Calibracion por centelleo liquido del 125I en muestras inorganicas y organicas, mediante el metodo CIEMAT/NIST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Barquero, L.; Grau Malonda, A.; Los Arcos Merino, J. M.; Grau Carles, A.

    1994-07-01

    The liquid scintillation counting standardization of organic and inorganic samples of ''I25I by the CIEMAT/NIST method using five different scintillators is described. The discrepancies between experimental and computed efficiencies are lower than 1.4% and 1.7%, for inorganic and organic samples, respectively, in the interval 421-226 of quenching parameter. Both organic and inorganic solutions have been standardized in terms of activity concentration to an overall uncertainty of 0.76%. (Author) 14 refs.

  11. Profiles of Information Consumption and Production of CIEMAT Researches within the Period 2005-2007; Perfiles de Consumo y Produccion de Informacion de los Investigadores del CIEMAT durante el Periodo 2005-2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanz, C.

    2010-03-03

    Given the importance of scientific and technological evaluation in the current international scene, the goal is to show CIEMAT researchers' profiles on information consumption and production through different biblio metric indicators, mainly quantitative. Taking further steps based on this data, margins of coincidence on both patterns will be carefully checked not only from a group perspective but also on an individual scale, in the most widely used scientific journals. This analysis shall reveal the information needs of researchers for the future design of documentary strategies. (Author) 21 refs.

  12. GuMNet - A high altitude monitoring network in the Sierra de Guadarrama (Madrid, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santolaria-Canales, Edmundo

    2016-04-01

    of meteorological stations of the Spanish National Meteorological Agency(AEMET), mostly distributed in the lower latitude range. This initiative is supported and developed by research groups integrating the GuMNet Consortium from the Complutense and Polytechnical Universities of Madrid (UCM and UPM), the Energetic Environmental and Technological Research Centre (CIEMAT), AEMET, and the National Park Sierra de Guadarrama (PNSG) which provided the initial foundations of this network. GuMNet will be operational in 2016. Web: http://www.ucm.es/gumnet/ Contact: edmundo.santolaria@ucm.es

  13. Un sistema de saneamiento para Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available The Full Sanitation Plan for Madrid is the final action of a series undertaken for several years with the purpose to reach the completion of the sanitation system of the town. With the whole of these actions it could be said that the basic substructure has acquired enough level to deserve de real needs of the town.El Plan de Saneamiento Integral de Madrid representaba la culminación de una serie de acciones emprendidas, durante varios años, para conseguir que la ciudad completase su sistema de saneamiento. Con este conjunto de acciones comprendidas en el Plan puede decirse que esta infraestructura básica ha adquirido un nivel suficiente, capaz de prestar un servicio acorde con las auténticas necesidades de la Villa.

  14. Report on Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Laboratory Tests Performed by CIEMAT on Febex Bentonite 2004-2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of the laboratory studies performed by CIEMAT with the FEBEX bentonite in the context of WP3.2 of the NF-PRO Project and of the Agreement ENRESA-CIEMAT Anexo V are presented and analysed in this report. They refer to the effect of the hydraulic gradient on the permeability of bentonite, the effect of the thermal gradient on the hydration kinetics of bentonite, and the repercussion of temperature on the hydro-mechanical properties of bentonite (swelling, permeability and water retention capacity). In all the cases the bentonite has been used compacted to densities expected in the engineered barrier of a high-level radioactive waste repository. The existence of threshold and critical hydraulic gradients has been observed, both of them dependent on bentonite density and water pressures. After more than seven years of hydration, the 40-cm high bentonite columns are far from full saturation, the thermal gradient additionally delaying the process, which is very slow. Temperatures below 100 degree centigrade slightly decrease the swelling and the water retention capacity of the bentonite and increase its permeability. The information obtained improves the knowledge on the behaviour of expansive clay and will help the development of constitutive models and the interpretation of the results obtained in the mock-up and the in situ tests. (Author) 35 refs

  15. Report on Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Laboratory Tests Performed by CIEMAT on Febex Bentonite 2004-2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villar, M. V.; Gomez-Espina, R.

    2009-11-25

    The results of the laboratory studies performed by CIEMAT with the FEBEX bentonite in the context of WP3.2 of the NF-PRO Project and of the Agreement ENRESA-CIEMAT Anexo V are presented and analysed in this report. They refer to the effect of the hydraulic gradient on the permeability of bentonite, the effect of the thermal gradient on the hydration kinetics of bentonite, and the repercussion of temperature on the hydro-mechanical properties of bentonite (swelling, permeability and water retention capacity). In all the cases the bentonite has been used compacted to densities expected in the engineered barrier of a high-level radioactive waste repository. The existence of threshold and critical hydraulic gradients has been observed, both of them dependent on bentonite density and water pressures. After more than seven years of hydration, the 40-cm high bentonite columns are far from full saturation, the thermal gradient additionally delaying the process, which is very slow. Temperatures below 100 degree centigrade slightly decrease the swelling and the water retention capacity of the bentonite and increase its permeability. The information obtained improves the knowledge on the behaviour of expansive clay and will help the development of constitutive models and the interpretation of the results obtained in the mock-up and the in situ tests. (Author) 35 refs.

  16. Progress report 1998 - 2000; Rapport d'activite 1998 - 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This document reviews all the activities of the CSNSM (nuclear spectrometry and mass spectrometry center). The activities, developments and particular hits or results are presented within 10 themes: 1) nuclear structure, 2) induced fission and exotic nuclei, 3) atomic mass and basic symmetries, 4) nuclear astrophysics, 5) micro-meteorites, 6) mass spectrometry through an accelerator, 7) solid state physics, 8) superconductivity, 9) physical chemistry aspects of irradiation, and 10) electromagnetic separation of ions.

  17. Preparation and LSC Standardization of ''89Sr (DNP) Using the CIEMAT/NIST Method; Preparacion del ''89Sr(DNP) y calibracion por centelleo liquido, mediante el metodo CIEMAT/NIST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Barquero, L.; Los Arcos Merino, J. M.; Grau Malonda, A.

    1994-07-01

    A procedure for preparation of liquid scintillation counting samples of the strontium DNP complex, labelled with ''89Sr, is described, the chemical quench, the counting stability and spectral evolution of this compound is studied in six scintillators, Toluene, Toluene-alcohol, Dioxane-naphthalene, HiSafe II, Ultima- Gold and Instagel. The liquid scintillation standardization of 89Sr-DNP by the CIEMAT/NIST method, using HiSafe II and Ultima-Gold scintillators, has been carried out. The discrepancies between experimental and computed efficiencies are lower than 0.38% and 0.48%, respectively. The solution has been standardized in terms of activity concentration to an overall uncertainty of 0,38%. (Author) 10 refs.

  18. Estacionamientos subterráneos, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Saiz, J. M.

    1969-02-01

    Full Text Available Work on five underground parking sites in Madrid was initiated in September 1967. These parking sites were rented by the Madrid Town Council to the firm Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. The engineering, design, and traffic and construction planning of these parking sites was allocated to Viales y Estacionamientos, S. A., whilst the actual construction was carried out by the firm Huarte y Cía., S. A. The five parking sites were located at the Paseo Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca, Plaza Mayor, Plaza de las Cortes and at Calle de Fuencarral, all within the centre of Madrid. These projects are of special interest, since each design represents an advance with respect to the earlier ones in regard to their structural and functional arrangements, with a view to achieving easier construction and less interference with road and pedestrian traffic. In the present article a description is given of each the five parking sites, following the sequence of their construction, which corresponds to the order in which they were design and planned.En septiembre de 1967 comenzaron las obras de cinco estacionamientos subterráneos en Madrid, adjudicadas por el Ayuntamiento en régimen de concesión a Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. Los trabajos de ingeniería de tráfico, proyecto y control fueron encomendados a Viales y Estacionamientos, Sociedad Anteima (VIESA, y la ejecución de las obras se contrató con Huarte y Cía., S. A. Las ubicaciones de los estacionamientos cuya realización se comenta en este artículo son: Paseo de Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca - Plaza Mayor - Plaza de las Cortes - Calle de Fuencarral. Nos parece muy interesante exponer estas realizaciones, en las que se ve una clara evolución en su esquema estructural y la relación de éste con el esquema funcional, para lograr una mayor facilidad en la ejecución de las obras, junto con una interferencia mínima en superficie con los tráficos rodado y de

  19. Ciemat Contribution to The International Standard Problem ISP-34: Contain Analysis of Fal-ISP 1 Test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.; Polo, J.

    1994-07-01

    CIEMAT, along with a great number of international laboratories, has participated in the open exercise of the first International Standard Problem addressing fission product transport issues. The FAL-ISP 1, aimed to study particle agglomeration, has been simulated with CONTAIN code. The therma hydraulic results obtained have been satisfactory and aerosol ones have been reasonably accurate. However, some discrepancies appeared between predictions and experimental data; these are essentially related to the injection phase of the experiment, where the major influence of input approximations took place. In addition, the rationalization of discrepancies pointed potential data inconsistencies. Some parametric studies showed the results sensitivity to input assumptions concerning aerosol characterization and default values in CONTAIN; in general, they confirmed the suitability of most of the approximations taken. (Author) 11 refs.

  20. Conjunto industrial «BINESA», Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbero Rebolledo, Manuel

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available This project is near Madrid and is intented for the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. It includes a manufacturing section, a storage zone, one devoted to offices, dressing rooms and cafeteria. There is also an elevated water tank, a control house, a bicycle parking place and a transformer hut. The whole set of buildings is of untreated concrete and straw coloured bricks: they add up to a highly varied and beautifully plastic set of space forms.Situado en las proximidades de Madrid, está destinado a la fabricación de productos farmacéuticos y se compone de los siguientes edificios independientes: un núcleo de fabricación y almacenamiento y otro de oficinas, vestuario y cafetería. Forman parte también del conjunto: un depósito elevado, la caseta de control, un bicicletero y una caseta de transformación. Todo ello en hormigón visto y ladrillo pajizo, componiendo volúmenes de gran variedad y belleza plástica.

  1. SiGesDoC: The CIEMAT corporate document and records management system. A tool for managing, saving and disseminating knowledge; SiGesDoC: El sistema de gestion documental corporativa del CIEMAT. Una herramienta para la gestion, preservacion y difusion del conocimiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin Santamaria, E.; Gonzalez Giralda, C.; Bustelo, C.; Gorostiza, C.

    2008-07-01

    The need to manage, save and disseminate technical scientific knowledge as part of the technology transfer process requires the implementation of Corporate Document and Records Management Systems that support a cultural change in the management of documentation generated in organizations as a result of their research work. In the CIEMAT, most knowledge is developed in R and D projects led by scientists and technologists and managed by the research support personnel and, therefore, it is very important to efficiently manage and control the life cycles of these projects. This article describes the implementation of a corporate document and records management system in the CIEMAT. (Author)

  2. Urban pest management. A Madrid case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibon Tamayo Uria

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Citizens’ reports of sightings of undesirable animals are a common component of pest control programmes in a city. For this reason, local authorities tend to develop procedures for the capture and analysis of the resulting data sets based on these reported sightings. These procedures in turn contribute to the development of other initiatives aimed at improving public health conditions. The study presented here focuses on the methodology designed and implemented by the Madrid City Council for controlling and managing the presence of urban pests.The long experience (over 100 years of the City Council and its commitment to the incorporation of new technologies have allowed a number of important lessons to be learnt in pest control and management, which may be useful as a guide and model for cities where public health services have not yet incorporated these methods.

  3. Chequeo constructivo de fachadas de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monjo Garrió, Juan

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available This article can be considered as the continuation and culmination of the one published on the number 396, july/august - 1989, under the same headline. Objectives and methodology are reminded of the work done at the Dept. of "Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas" of the U.P.M., whose scope was the stablishement of a data bank on constructive pathology of facades at Madrid for its study and stadistic analysis. It is completed with a first analysis of the general data of the pathological situation of those facades as well as some characteristic data related to the problem of DETACHING, as a sample of the interest and posibilities of the data bank made.

    Este artículo puede considerarse como la continuación y complemento del publicado bajo el mismo título en el nº 396 de julio/agosto de 1989. En él se recuerdan los objetivos y metodología de trabajo llevado a cabo en el Departamento de "Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas" de la U.P.M., que perseguía la constitución de un banco de datos sobre patología constructiva de fachadas en la ciudad de Madrid para su estudio y análisis estadístico, y se complementa con un primer análisis, tanto de los datos generales del estado patológico de dichas fachadas, como de algunos datos característicos relativos a la lesión DESPRENDIMIENTOS, como muestra del interés y las posibilidades del banco de datos que se ha confeccionado.

  4. Red Palinocam: vigilancia en Madrid del polen aerovagante Palinocam Network: airborne pollen vigilance in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Cervigón Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El Programa Regional de Control y Prevención del Asma surge en el año 1992. El programa abordaba una estrategia con cuatro grandes áreas, entre ellas la Vigilancia Ambiental, que en el año 1993 formalizó la Red Palinológica de la Comunidad de Madrid (Red Palinocam. La red se constituye mediante la creación de un comité de expertos, coordinado desde el Instituto de Salud Pública, bajo la dirección técnica de la Facultad de Farmacia de la Universidad Complutense y está integrado por representantes de cada una de las instituciones involucradas. El marco jurídico se completa con acuerdos firmados con los ayuntamientos y con un convenio de colaboración entre la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y la Consejería de Sanidad y Consumo.El objetivo prioritario, basado en la red de muestreo de polen para el territorio de la Comunidad de Madrid, es el conocimiento del contenido polínico de su atmósfera que incide sobre la población afectada de polinosis en cada zona de nuestra área geográfica y en cada momento del año, datos de gran interés desde Salud Pública.La Red Palinocam constituye una herramienta útil en Salud Pública, proporcionando información puntual, a través de Internet y del Servicio de Información Telefónica, durante todo el año de los muestreos aerobiológicos realizados. Así las personas que sufren problemas de alergia y los profesionales sanitarios que se encargan de sus cuidados y los distintos medios de comunicación, pueden conocer los tipos polínicos más frecuentes en cada momento y su concentración en el aire ambiente.Asthma Regional Programme started to give up in 1992 with four big areas. Palinocam network project was first set up in Madrid as a part of Asthma Regional Programme, comprised in a wider Environmental Subprogram: Palynological Network of Madrid Region (PALINOCAM NETWORK.Palynological network is a multidisciplinary organization which has been working since 1993. In that moment an Experts

  5. Madrid Symposium Promotes China-Spain Local Government Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>With the concerted efforts of the CPAFFC and the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (SFMP), the China-Spain Local Government Cooperation Symposium was held in Madrid on March 24, 2010.

  6. China-Spain Economic and Trade Forum Held in Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On June 29, Chi na-Spain Eco nomic and Trade Forum, sponsored jointly by CCPIT, Federation of Spanish Entrepreneur Orga nizations and Spanish Trade and Investment Agency, was held in Madrid, capital of Spain.

  7. Coordinated Use of Heterogeneous Infrastructures for Scientific Computing at CIEMAT by means of Grid Technologies; Aprovechamiento Coordinado de las Infraestructuras Heterogeneas para Calculo Cientifico Participadas por el CIEMAT por medio de Tecnologias Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubio-Montero, A. J.

    2008-08-06

    Usually, research data centres maintain platforms from a wide range of architectures to cover the computational needs of their scientists. These centres are also frequently involved in diverse national and international Grid projects. Besides, it is very difficult to achieve a complete and efficient utilization of these recourses, due to the heterogeneity in their hardware and software configurations and their unequal use along the time. This report offers a solution to the problem of enabling a simultaneous and coordinated access to the variety of computing infrastructures and platforms available in great Research Organisms such as CIEMAT. For this purpose, new Grid technologies have been deployed in order to facilitate a common interface which enables the final user to access the internal and external resources. The previous computing infrastructure has not been modified and the independence on its administration has been guaranteed. For a sake of comparison, a feasibility study has been performed with the execution of the Drift Kinetic Equation solver (Dikes) tool, a high throughput scientific application used in the TJ-II Flexible Heliac at National Fusion Laboratory. (Author) 35 refs.

  8. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-2008 among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Phosphogypsum); Evaluacion de la Intercomparacion CSN/CIEMAT-2008 entre Laboratorios Nacionales de Radiactividad Ambiental (Fosfoyeso)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, M. L.; Barrera, M.; Valino, F.

    2010-05-27

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-2008 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC. Aphosphogypsum material was used as a test sample, in an attempt to evaluate the performance of the laboratories analyzing NORM (Naturally-Occurring Radioactive Materials). The analysis required were: U-238, Th-234, U-234, Th-230, Ra-226, Pb-214, Bi-214, Pb-210, Po-210, Th-232 and U-235, and also gross alpha and gross beta activities. Reference values have been established according to the method of consensus of expert laboratories, with four international laboratories of credited experience: IAEA Seibersdorf, IAEA MEL, IRSN-Orsay and Sta.Teresa ENEA. The results of the exercise were computed for 34 answering laboratories and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score. Robust statistics of the participants results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, to achieve a more complete and objective study of the laboratories performance. The exercise has shown an homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the assigned Reference Values. Participant laboratories have demonstrated their ability to determine natural radionuclides in phosphogypsum samples (NORM material) with a satisfactory quality level. The scheme has also allowed examining the capability of laboratories to determine the activities of natural radionuclides at the equilibrium. (Author) 10 refs.

  9. [Authoritarian attitudes and violence in Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Martín, F

    1999-01-01

    One of the objectives of the Multicentric Study on Cultural Norms and Attitudes Toward Violence (Estudio Multicéntrico sobre Actitudes y Normas Culturales frente a la Violencia, the ACTIVA project) is to analyze the relationship between those attitudes that foster violence and the violent behaviors themselves. This article examines the relationship between attitudes and two components of violence: its justification and its actual occurrence. Data were collected in Madrid between October and December 1996 from a representative sample of 1,219 people, who were interviewed at home with the common questionnaire used for the ACTIVA project, with some additional questions. Overall, the sample respondents scored low on the authoritarianism scale. Persons who most strongly justified the use of violence scored higher on authoritarianism, along with those who customarily displayed a higher level of aggression. Attitudes that were more strongly authoritarian were found in low-income neighborhoods, in people who were not part of the workforce, in people with less education, and in those persons who described themselves as having a right-wing ideology. If people who are more authoritarian justify and practice violence more than others, it becomes necessary to encourage criticism of those who abuse their power and tolerance toward differences, in order to prevent such behaviors without disregarding the influence of the social variables previously mentioned.

  10. La nueva embajada alemana, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schoebel Ungria, G.

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available This embassy involves two buildings, which, because of their style, appropriate aspect, the fine taste of their design, and the highly efficient manner in which the volumes agree with the building site, constitutes a singular ornament to one of the best zones of Madrid. All the materials are traditional in Spanish constructional practice, and were carefully chosen: their full plastic and chromatic quality being well utilised.Los dos edificios que componen el conjunto constituyen, por su tratamiento, por su representatividad, por el gusto con que han sido construidos y por el respetuoso trato dado a los volúmenes del aprovechamiento autorizado, un ornato singular en una de las zonas más nobles y vistosas de la capital de España. Todos los materiales empleados son los tradicionales del país anfitrión y fueron elegidos con esmero, conservándolos en toda su pureza plástica de carácter y cromática.

  11. Results Assessment of Intercomparison Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-2010 among Spanish National Laboratories of Environmental Radioactivity (Diet Ashes); Evaluacion de la Intercomparacion CSN/CIEMAT-2010 entre los Laboratorios Nacionales de Radiactividad Ambiental (Ceniza de Dieta)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasco, C.; Trinidad, J. A.; Llaurado, M.; Suarez, J. A.

    2012-06-08

    This report describes the results assessment of the intercomparison exercise among environmental radioactivity laboratories, organised by Spanish Regulatory Institution (CSN) and prepared and evaluated by UAB and CIEMAT respectively. The exercise has been carried out following the international standards ISO-43 and ISO/IUPAC that provide a useful guide to perform proficiency tests and inter-laboratories comparisons. The selected matrix for this year (2010) was a diet ash obtained from the ashing of a whole fresh diet (breakfast, lunch and dinner), that was enriched with artificial radionuclides (Cs-137, Co-60,Fe-55,Ni-63,Sr-90,Am-241,Pu-238,Pu-239,240 y C-14) and contained natural radionuclides (U-234, U-238, U-natural Th-230, Th-234, Ra-226, Ra-228, Pb-210, Pb-212, Pb-214, Bi-214, Ac-228, Tl-208, K-40) at environmental level of activity concentration. The z-score test was applied to determine how much the laboratories differ from the reference value. The reference value for this exercise was the median of the results from the different laboratories and their standard deviations to achieve a more complete and objective study of the laboratories performance. The participant laboratories have demonstrated a satisfactory quality level for measuring the natural and artificial radionuclides content in this matrix. The reference values obtained through the medians show a negative bias for Pb-210 and Th-234 when comparing to the given values of external qualified laboratories from ENEA and IRSN and positive one for K-40. (Author)

  12. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-05 among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Vegetable Ash); Evaluacion de la Intercomparacion CSN/CIEMAT-2005 entre Laboratorios Nacionales Radiactividad Ambiental (Ceniza Vegetal)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Gonzalez, M. L.; Barrera Izquierdo, M.; Valino Garcia, F.

    2006-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-05 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the IUPAC {sup I}nternational harmonised protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical chemistry laboratories{sup .} The exercise has been designed to evaluate the capability of national laboratories to determine environmental levels of radionuclides in vegetable ash samples. The sample has been prepared by the Environmental Radiation Laboratory, from the University of Barcelona, and it contains the following radionuclides: Sr-90, Pu-238, Am-241, Th-230, Pb-210, U-238, Ra-226, K-40, Ra-228, TI-208, Cs- 137 and Co-60. Reference values have been established TROUGH the kind collaboration of three international laboratories of recognized experience: IAEA MEL and IRSN-Orsay. The results of the exercise were computed for 35 participating laboratories and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. Robust statistics of the participant's results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, to achieve a more complete and objetiva study of the laboratories' performance. Some difficulties encountered to dissolve the test sample caused a lower response of analyses involving radiochemical separation, thus some laboratories couldn't apply their routine methods and no conclusions on PU-238, Am-241 and Th-230 performances have been obtained. The exercise has revealed an homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the reference values. The study has shown that participant laboratories perform radioactive determinations in vegetable ash samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 6 refs.

  13. Results Assessment of Intercomparison Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-2010 among Spanish National Laboratories of Environmental Radioactivity (Diet Ashes)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the results assessment of the intercomparison exercise among environmental radioactivity laboratories, organised by Spanish Regulatory Institution (CSN) and prepared and evaluated by UAB and CIEMAT respectively. The exercise has been carried out following the international standards ISO-43 and ISO/IUPAC that provide a useful guide to perform proficiency tests and inter-laboratories comparisons. The selected matrix for this year (2010) was a diet ash obtained from the ashing of a whole fresh diet (breakfast, lunch and dinner), that was enriched with artificial radionuclides (Cs-137, Co-60,Fe-55,Ni-63,Sr-90,Am-241,Pu-238,Pu-239,240 y C-14) and contained natural radionuclides (U-234, U-238, U-natural Th-230, Th-234, Ra-226, Ra-228, Pb-210, Pb-212, Pb-214, Bi-214, Ac-228, Tl-208, K-40) at environmental level of activity concentration. The z-score test was applied to determine how much the laboratories differ from the reference value. The reference value for this exercise was the median of the results from the different laboratories and their standard deviations to achieve a more complete and objective study of the laboratories performance. The participant laboratories have demonstrated a satisfactory quality level for measuring the natural and artificial radionuclides content in this matrix. The reference values obtained through the medians show a negative bias for Pb-210 and Th-234 when comparing to the given values of external qualified laboratories from ENEA and IRSN and positive one for K-40. (Author)

  14. La construcción de la marca Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elia Canosa Zamora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos veinte años, los sucesivos gobiernos de Madrid, han centrado en el posicionamiento internacional de la ciudad sus expectativas de desarrollo económico, de transformación urbana y de bienestar ciudadano. La construcción de la Marca Madrid forma parte de esta estrategia que ha terminado por convertirse en el eje director de gestión y la ordenación urbana. La relevancia de este fenómeno se analizará en tres vertientes fundamentales: valorando el significado de la opción oficial de Madrid ciudad global, planteando el ascenso de la imagen como base vertebradora de las operaciones destinadas a favorecer esta internacionalización y profundizando en el valor de la arquitectura como icono urbano.

  15. Expedition to the Antarctic Peninsula in the 2012-2013 campaign with participation of the CIEMAT; Expedicion a la Peninsula Antartica en la campana 2012-2013 con participacion del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, T.; Lopez Martinez, J.; Duran Valsero, J. J.; O' Neill, T.

    2013-07-01

    Antarctica is the most remote, hostile and uninhabited continent on Earth. It is key to understand how our planet works and the impact we have on it. The Antarctic has many unique geological, glaciological and biological features. Its environment and its biological communities have a limited natural capacity for recovery from the alterations they undergo and therefore can be easily and irreversibly damaged. This is why the Antarctic Treaty and, in particular, the Protocol on Environmental Protection of the Antarctic Treaty (the Madrid Protocol) pay special attention to these matters. In this context, the effects of climate change and also the growing pressure of human activities, including scientific research and tourist visits, are reason for this attention. (Author)

  16. Jardines que la Comunidad de Madrid ha perdido

    OpenAIRE

    Ariza Muñoz, Carmen

    2001-01-01

    Aunque se hayan perdido algunos importantes jardines, en la actualidad la Comunidad de Madrid cuenta con un mayor números de ellos. Sírvannos como ejemplos de los que ya no se conservan el primer jardín Botánico de la capital, pero en cambio existen el del paseo del Prado o los recientes de las Ciudades Universitarias de Madrid y de Alcalá de Henares. Lo mismo podría decir de los Jardines de Recreo, puesto que no nos han llegado los hechos en el siglo XIX, ...

  17. El efecto spillover de la M-30 de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    López García de Leániz, Cristina; Pérez Prada, Fiamma

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo propone una metodología para medir el efecto desbordamiento o spillover que produce una infraestructura de transporte, en este caso viaria de carácter urbano (M-30), sobre los municipios limítrofes, y su impacto en la movilidad urbana y metropolitana de Madrid. Se utiliza un modelo de demanda de vehículo privado de la región de Madrid para cuantificar el número de viajes de la M-30 con origen o destino en estos municipios.

  18. Space Geodesy and the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smalley, Robert; Ellis, Michael A.

    2008-07-01

    One of the most contentious issues related to earthquake hazards in the United States centers on the midcontinent and the origin, magnitudes, and likely recurrence intervals of the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes that occurred there. The stakeholder groups in the debate (local and state governments, reinsurance companies, American businesses, and the scientific community) are similar to the stakeholder groups in regions more famous for large earthquakes. However, debate about New Madrid seismic hazard has been fiercer because of the lack of two fundamental components of seismic hazard estimation: an explanatory model for large, midplate earthquakes; and sufficient or sufficiently precise data about the causes, effects, and histories of such earthquakes.

  19. Transfer knowledge and technology in Madrid; La transferencia de conocimiento y tecnologia en la comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicente Oliva, M. de; Manera Bassa, J.; Martin del Peso, M.

    2010-07-01

    This paper aims to establish a typology of business behaviour patterns related to Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT), as well as an assessment of the situation of the transference process from the Madrid Region companies point of view. Working with data obtained from a survey designed and carried out by the authors to the companies registered in Madrid database and, as a consequence, knowing KTT, we have built groups of enterprises with different behaviours. To obtain the groups we have used cluster techniques over the factors resulting from a correspondence analysis. (Author) 24 refs.

  20. Characterisation of the organic composition of size segregated atmospheric particulate matter at traffic exposed and background sites in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirante, F.; Perez, R.; Alves, C.; Revuelta, M.; Pio, C.; Artiñano, B.; Nunes, T.

    2010-05-01

    The growing awareness of the impact of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) on climate, and the incompletely recognised but serious effects of anthropogenic aerosols on air quality and human health, have led to diverse studies involving almost exclusively the coarse or the fine PM fractions. However, these environmental effects, the PM formation processes and the source assignment depend greatly on the particle size distribution. The innovative character of this study consists in obtaining time series with a size-segregated detailed chemical composition of PM for differently polluted sites. In this perspective, a summer sampling campaign was carried out from 1 of June to 1 of July 2009. One of the sampling sites was located at a representative urban monitoring station (Escuelas Aguirre) belonging to the municipal network, located at a heavy traffic street intersection in downtown Madrid. Other sampling point was positioned within the CIEMAT area, located in the NW corner of the city, which can be considered an urban background or suburban site. Particulate matter was sampled with high volume cascade impactors at 4 size stages: 10-2.5, 2.5-0.95, 0.95-0.45 and sampling was carried out on quartz fibre filters. Based on meteorological conditions and PM mass concentrations, each one of the 7 groups of filters collected during the first week were combined with the corresponding filters of the third week. The same procedure was undertaken with samples of the second and fourth weeks. Filters of 0.95-0.45 and samples were subjected to organic analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), after solvent extraction of filters and an appropriate derivatisation technique. Besides the homologous compound series of organic classes (e.g. n-alkanes, n-alkanols and n-alkanoic acids), special attention was given to the determination of specific molecular markers for different sources (e.g. vehicular). Carbon preference indices (CPI) close to the unity and the presence of

  1. Solar Decathlon at Madrid; Mehr als Plus-Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grewe, Rosa

    2010-07-30

    There was no better place than Madrid for the first European Solar Decathlon this year with conditions of high temperatures, intensive insolation and no wind. 17 teams of students of architecture competed for the best solar house 2010. The integration of photovoltaic systems is an important discipline. (orig.)

  2. Torre de iluminación y comunicaciones de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Arroyo, Salvador

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the communication and lighting tower of the Avenida de la Victoria in Madrid, a work belonging to the project of Madrid the Cultural Capital of Europe 1992. The aim of this construction is to light this road junction and, at the same time present a visual landmark of the city. The lantern-tower will light an area of about one hectare and will serve as a base for locating the traffic control cameras and other services.

    En este artículo se describe la farola de iluminación y comunicaciones de la Avenida de la Victoria, en Madrid, obra enmarcada dentro del Madrid Cultural de 1992. El objetivo de esta construcción es iluminar este nudo de confluencia vial y, al mismo tiempo, marcar un hito visual de la ciudad. La torre-farola ilumina una superficie no menor de una hectárea y es base para la ubicación de cámaras para el control del tráfico y otros servicios.

  3. Deep Geothermal energy potential in Madrid basin; Potencial de la Geotermia profunda en la Cuenca de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hidalgo, R.; Sanchez, J.; Ungemach, P.

    2009-07-01

    The Madrid Basin geothermal potential was evidenced in 1980 thanks to an oil exploration well drilled by Shell-Campsa which showed temperatures of 88 degree centigrade and 150 degree centigrade at 1,700 mts and 3,400 mts depth respectively. The low enthalpy geothermal reservoir could be further assessed by four exploratory wells the first one, Pradillo (originals Shell-Campsa oil well), two drilled by ADARO and IGME (Geological survey of Spain) in San Sebastian de los Reyes and Tres Cantos respectively. The latest well, Geomadrid 1, was drilled in 1990 by the Madrid Regional government. The afore mentioned wells have identified a dependable geothermal resource, hosted in a tertiary, clastic, consolidated sandstone reservoir consisting of a thick multilayered sequence (200-800m), with temperatures ranging from 70 degree centigrade to 90 degree centigrade and depths of 1,500 to 2,150 m., overlying a Mesozoic sequence, suitable to be exploited for thermal uses in several district heating grids around Madrid in areas displaying adequate heat loads. A medium temperature reservoir was also identified at the contact between Mesozoic Cretaceous limestones and fractured basement granites at 3,400mts depth, with measured temperatures of 156 degree centigrade, that could be developed and exploited in view of a combined power and heat production (CPH) within the Madrid suburban areas. (Author) 7 refs.

  4. Scientific report 1998-2000. Service of molecular chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The Service of Molecular Chemistry (SCM) constitutes a significant part of fundamental chemistry at the Direction for the Science of Matter (DSM). Furthermore, its scientific programmes benefit from the contact with teams of CEA who carry out applied research relevant to nuclear energy as well as to new technologies and industrial innovation. Several cooperative actions (which involve, among other persons, PhDs and post-docs) with the other operational Directions of CEA (DO) illustrate this will of SCM to establish its fundamental research within the frame of the broader CEA missions acknowledged by the French government. The scientific report is organized as follows: as simplified organization chart relates the SCM to the Department and the Direction to which it is bound, and states the personnel (CEA, CNRS, University, PhDs, post-docs, etc). The organization chart of the SCM then brings to the fore the relationship between thematic Groups and teams. A general presentation of the main guidelines of the researches of the Service, organized by Groups, precedes a detailed description of the results obtained for each of the scientific themes tackled by the teams with mention of the involved scientists. Publications and patents appear at the end. Finally the research perspectives of SCM emphasize the inflexion to our activities which will be given in the next two years. (author)

  5. White-fronted Goose Telementry, 1998-2000 [ds330

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Using radio-telemetry, greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons frontalis) distribution and movements during winter in Central California were determined during...

  6. Scientific report 1998-2000. Service of molecular chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Service of Molecular Chemistry (SCM) constitutes a significant part of fundamental chemistry at the Direction for the Science of Matter (DSM). Furthermore, its scientific programmes benefit from the contact with teams of CEA who carry out applied research relevant to nuclear energy as well as to new technologies and industrial innovation. Several cooperative actions (which involve, among other persons, PhDs and post-docs) with the other operational Directions of CEA (DO) illustrate this will of SCM to establish its fundamental research within the frame of the broader CEA missions acknowledged by the French government. The scientific report is organized as follows: as simplified organization chart relates the SCM to the Department and the Direction to which it is bound, and states the personnel (CEA, CNRS, University, PhDs, post-docs, etc). The organization chart of the SCM then brings to the fore the relationship between thematic Groups and teams. A general presentation of the main guidelines of the researches of the Service, organized by Groups, precedes a detailed description of the results obtained for each of the scientific themes tackled by the teams with mention of the involved scientists. Publications and patents appear at the end. Finally the research perspectives of SCM emphasize the inflexion to our activities which will be given in the next two years. (author)

  7. II meeting on emergency in radioactive facilities: Madrid, 19-20 December 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This meeting, sponsored by Spanish Radiation Protection Society and CIEMAT, had the following topics: - Radiation protection in Hospitals. - Accidents in Hospitals. - Prevention of accidents in Hospitals - Social impact of accidents in Hospitals. - Risks and emergency in Hospitals - National and International regulations - Emergency plans

  8. Hotel Location in Tourism Cities: Madrid 1936-1998

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez, Isabel; Urtasun, Ainhoa

    2006-01-01

    To determine how the positioning of new hotels is affected by the distribution of similar incumbent competitors, this paper investigates geographic location, price, size, and services. With data on all 240 hotels operating in the city of Madrid between 1936 and 1998, a model of geographic and product location at the time of the hotels’ foundings is estimated based on the above mentioned variables. These are simultaneously determined and contingent upon the changing socioeconomic and urban cir...

  9. Ancestry Analysis in the 11-M Madrid Bomb Attack Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Phillips; Lourdes Prieto; Manuel Fondevila; Antonio Salas; Antonio Gómez-Tato; José Alvarez-Dios; Antonio Alonso; Alejandro Blanco-Verea; María Brión; Marta Montesino; Angel Carracedo; María Victoria Lareu

    2009-01-01

    The 11-M Madrid commuter train bombings of 2004 constituted the second biggest terrorist attack to occur in Europe after Lockerbie, while the subsequent investigation became the most complex and wide-ranging forensic case in Spain. Standard short tandem repeat (STR) profiling of 600 exhibits left certain key incriminatory samples unmatched to any of the apprehended suspects. A judicial order to perform analyses of unmatched samples to differentiate European and North African ancestry became a...

  10. Night Sky Brightness and Light Pollution in Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Zamorano Calvo, Jaime; Sánchez de Miguel, Alejandro; Gómez Castaño, José; Ocaña González, Francisco; Gallego Maestro, Jesús; Pila Díez, Berenice; Nievas Rosillo, Miguel; Tapia Ayuga, Carlos; Fernández Domínguez, Alberto; Pascual Ramírez, Sergio

    2013-01-01

    Preliminary results of a study of the night sky background brightness around the city of Madrid using Sky Quality Meter (SQM) photometers are presented. Data-retrieval methodology includes an automatic procedure to measure from a moving vehicle which allows to speed up the data gathering. The night sky brightness, an astronomical quality parameter that accounts for luminous flux from the sky, is closely related with the light pollution. The map with the spatial distribution of the night s...

  11. Paisaje holoceno de una gran urbe: la ciudad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    López Sáez, José Antonio; Alba Sánchez, Mª Francisca; Pérez Díaz, Sebastián; Manzano Rodríguez, S.

    2010-01-01

    this work develops a synthesis of palaeoenvironmental studies conducted in the city of Madrid and immediate surroundings in order to reconstruct the history of vegetation in the study area and anthropogenic dynamics from a chronocultural viewpoint during the Holocene. the first human impact on the landscape is detected during the VI millenium cal. bC (Early Neolithic) in the eastern part of the province, related to extractive and pastoral activities. the first evidence of farming is confirmed...

  12. Casa consistorial en Pinto. Madrid/España

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Palomeque, Gerardo

    1987-01-01

    All the basical principles in which was founded the building design and execution of the New Town-Hall in Pinto-Madrid are described and commented in this article. The singularity of the building correspond to an integrated action of all the aesthetical, environmental, functional and constructive conditionings (it is about the enlargement of the existant little Town-Hall) and simultaneously, to an attempt to reach, through its design, the needed climatic control of the indoors. This is the fu...

  13. Fourth Meeting of China-Spain Forum Held in Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Chairman Hu Qili and Executive Chairman Chen Haosu of the Chinese Committee of the China-Spain Forum(CSF) led a Chinese delegation to attend the Fourth Meeting of the CSF in Madrid from November 27 to 28,2007.The meeting with the theme of "Harmony,Development and Gaining Win-Win Results" was jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC,the CSF Chinese Committee,the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Spain China Council Foundation.

  14. Energy-efficient social housing: residential building in madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Yañez Parareda, Guillermo

    2006-01-01

    The social housing project in San Fermin, an emerging district on the periphery of Madrid, won the 1999 competition for one of three buildings with a focus on "social housing with a high degree of energy efficiency." The competition was initiated by the Empresa Municipal de la Vivienda {EMV Community Housing Development Agency). The brief called for concepts pertainingto bioclimatic planning in multi-story buildings with integrated active and passive use of solar energy. Despite subsidies pro...

  15. The Madrid School of Neurology (1885-1939).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Roldán, S

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of neurology in Madrid between 1885 and 1939 had well-defined characteristics. On foundations laid by Cajal and Río-Hortega, pioneers combined clinical practice with cutting-edge neurohistology and neuropathology research. Luis Simarro, trained in Paris, taught many talented students including Gayarre, Achúcarro and Lafora. The untimely death of Nicolás Achúcarro curtailed his promising career, but he still completed the clinicopathological study of the first American case of Alzheimer's disease. On returning to Spain, he studied glial cells, including rod cells. Rodríguez Lafora described progressive myoclonus epilepsy and completed experimental studies of corpus callosum lesions and clinical and neuropathology studies of senile dementia. He fled to Mexico at the end of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Sanchís Banús, a sterling clinical neurologist, described the first cluster of Huntington's disease in Spain, and he and Río-Hortega joined efforts to determine that pallidal degeneration underlies rigidity in advanced stages of the disease. Just after the war, Alberca Llorente eruditely described inflammatory diseases of the neuraxis. Manuel Peraita studied "the neurology of hunger" with data collected during the siege of Madrid. Dionisio Nieto, like many exiled intellectuals, settled in Mexico DF, where he taught neurohistological methods and neuropsychiatry in the tradition of the Madrid School of Neurology.

  16. Antonio Quilis, La concodancia gramatiaal en Za Zengua espanola hablada en Madrid, C. S. I. C., Madrid 1983, pags. 128

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available El libra de Antonio Quilis, de poco más de cien páginas, nos ofrece los resultados de las encuestas sabre la concordancia sintáctica en el habla de Madrid. El Autor que es también cultivador y conocedor de la fonética del español­ pensemos en su importante trabajo sobre la fonética acústica de la lengua española (Gredos, Madrid 1981 - vuelve aqué a su vocacion de sintáctico, visible en sus trabajos sabre la estructura del español la edición de la Gramática de Nebri­ja y en el amor con que cuidó la presentación al mundo de habla castellana de las obras de B. Pottier.

  17. How to expand subway and urban railway networks: light rail extensions in Madrid, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    de O??a, Juan; Calvo, Francisco J.; Garach, Laura; de O??a, Roc??o; L??pez Maldonado, Griselda

    2010-01-01

    Residential areas of detached houses were built in north and east Madrid, Spain, during the last decade of the 20th century. Because the popula- tion density in those areas is low, implementing an efficient transport system is complicated. In south Madrid in the 1960s, however, huge commuter towns developed. Some of them were linked to a suburban network at some point, whereas others were far away. The Madrid region promoted the construction of several light rail lines to resolve this issue. ...

  18. Traffic light – nutrition labelling: knowledge, perception and use in consumers of Madrid, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Karimen Andrea León-Flández; Leandro Prieto-Castillo; Miguel Angel Royo-Bordonada

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Describe knowledge, comprehension level, perception and use of traffic light labelling in consumers of Madrid.Material and Methods: A two phases, cross-sectional study design, carried out in Madrid, in 2012. Our sample was recruited randomly, and interviewed using a questionnaire designed for this purpose. Consumers of 7 stores of main supermarket chains in Madrid were questioned. Information about knowledge, comprehension, perception and use of traffic light labelling (TLL) was...

  19. Elephas antiquus (Proboscidea, Mammalia en el Pleistoceno medio de Ciempozuelos (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazo, A. V.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available A mandible of a young elephant found at Ciempozuelos (Madrid is identified as Elephas antiquus. Correlation with other paleontological sites of the Madrid basin were this taxa has been recorded allow us to assing the new locality to the middle-Iate Pleistocene (Riss-Würn.Se identifica como Elephas antiquus una mandíbula juvenil de elefante encontrada en Ciempozuelos (Madrid. Las correlaciones con otros yacimientos de la cuenca de Madrid que han proporcionado el mismo taxón permiten precisar que la nueva localidad pertenece al Pleistoceno medio final (Riss-Würm.

  20. Oficios, costumbres y sociedad en el Madrid bajomedieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montero Vallejo, Manuel

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available After a period of stagnation, the town of Madrid resumed its spatial and demographic growth in the second quarter of the 15th century; from that time through the early 1500s, the town nearly doubled its built-up area and more than doubled its population. The economy also grew; Madrid went from a predominantly peasant town —craftsmanship being rural too, except for the production of some goods— to a center of industrial production and liberal arts as well as a regional market of far-reaching influence. In addition, society evolved. The 15th century was a period of consolidation of important lineages and of artisans and merchants joining the class of the knights. The documentary sources, most notably the wills, remarkably attest to this society's activities and spiritual concerns.

    La villa de Madrid, tras un período de estancamiento, reanuda en el primer cuarto del siglo XV un crecimiento espacial y demográfico. De esta época a principios del siglo XVI casi duplica su extensión edificada y ampliamente la población, con un crecimiento económico paralelo. De un panorama campesino, en que su artesanía —salvo algunos casos de precoz desarrollo— posee carácter rural, pasa en el siglo XV a una diversificación profesional importante, con industrias especializadas y profesiones liberales, convirtiéndose en cabeza de un mercado regional de amplio alcance. La sociedad también evoluciona: en el siglo XV se consolidan importantes linajes y aparecen artesanos y mercaderes cualificados, que ingresan en el círculo de los caballeros. La documentación ofrece una muestra importante de las actividades de esta sociedad y de sus inquietudes espirituales, y de manera destacada en los testamentos bajomedievales.

  1. KAMEDO Report 90: terrorist attacks in Madrid, Spain, 2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolling, Roger; Ehrlin, Ylva; Forsberg, Rebecca; Rüter, Anders; Soest, Vivian; Vikström, Tore; Ortenwall, Per; Brändström, Helge

    2007-01-01

    This is a descriptive study of the medical responses to the bombings by terrorists in Madrid on 11 March 2004. The nature of the event, the human damage, and the responses are described. It describes the: (1) nature and operations associated with the alarm; (2) assignment of responding units and personnel; (3) establishment and operations of casualty collection points; (4) medical transport and distribution of injured victims; (5) prioritization and command; (6) hospital care; (7) psychosocial care; (8) identification of the dead; and (9) police investigation and actions. Each of these descriptions is discussed in terms of what currently is known and the implications for future planning, preparedness, and response. PMID:17894223

  2. El verano de 1814 en Madrid y Pamplona

    OpenAIRE

    Ortuño Martínez, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    Cuando Fernando VII regresó a España en 1814 se estableció el más feroz absolutismo y la represión de quienes habían sido fieles a la Constitución de 1812. Como respuesta a esta actividad real, se multiplicaron los centros de conspiración, las tertulias políticas y los planes de subversión. La reunión en Madrid de los generales liberales y constitucionalistas propició varios pronunciamientos militares, como el de Pamplona, bajo el liderazgo del mariscal Espoz y s...

  3. Paisaje holoceno de una gran urbe: la ciudad de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    López Sáez, José Antonio; Alba Sánchez, Francisca; Pérez Díaz, Sebastián; Manzano Rodríguez, S.

    2010-01-01

    El presente trabajo lleva a cabo una síntesis de todos los estudios paleoambientales realizados en la ciudad de Madrid y entorno inmediato, con el objetivo de reconstruir la historia de la vegetación de la zona de estudio y la dinámica antrópica, desde un punto de vista cronocultural, durante el Holoceno. El primer impacto humano sobre el paisaje se detecta en el VI milenio cal. BC (Neolítico antiguo) en la zona oriental de la provincia, en relación con actividades extractivas y pastoriles. L...

  4. El Campus virtual de la universidad complutense de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Alfredo , Fernández-Valmayor; Jesús Cristobal; Antonio Navarro; Ana Fernández-Pampillón; Jorge Merino; Miguel Peralta; Yolanda Roldán

    2008-01-01

    Hoy en día el uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación se encuentra plenamente integrado en muchos procesos docentes. Uno de estos usos se concreta en la utilización de sistemas de gestión de cursos en las universidades, donde sirven de soporte a lo que podríamos denominar campus virtuales. Este artículo describe el Campus Virtual de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, incidiendo en los factores claves que han impulsado su desarrollo.

  5. New Madrid seismotectonic study. Activities during fiscal year 1977

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Approximately 30 highly qualified scientists are participating in a coordinated geological, geophysical, and seismological study of the area within a 200-mile radius of New Madrid, Missouri. The study is designed to define the structural setting and tectonic history of the area in order to realistically evaluate earthquake risks in the siting of nuclear facilities. The region studied includes Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, and Missouri. An inventory of existing data and supporting research in the area was prepared. New information from aeromagnetic, ground magnetic, and gravity surveys has been obtained, and the data are currently being processed

  6. RELEVANSI KEIKUTSERTAAN INDONESIA DALAM INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION OF MARKS MADRID SYSTEM MELALUI RATIFIKASI MADRID PROTOCOL TERHADAP POTENSI PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING BANGSA INDONESIA DI BIDANG PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irna Nurhayati

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Protection of marks is relied on first to file principle, which means that mark protection will only be given by registration. The marks registration can be done through both national and international registration. The Madrid Protocol is an international marks registration within Madrid System, which is one of several international marks registration systems in the world. Indonesia now is still studying the benefits and detriments that would be reached if it joined in the Madrid Protocol. The research found that, first; the Madrid Protocol has both advantages and disadvan­tages. Second; Indonesia would gain much benefit by joining in this system. However, many things should be prepared well in order to minimize the detriment that would occur.

  7. Radiation surveillance of exposed workers during activities of moving of the earth area of Montecillo; Vigilancia radiologica de los trabajadores expuestos durante las actividades de movimiento de tierras del area del Montecillo del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ortiz, M. T.; Alvarez, A.; Garcia, E.; Diaz, P.; Quinones, J.

    2013-07-01

    One of the objectives of this study was to limit the doses received by exposed workers and the public (in this case the workers of the CIEMATs buildings next to the work) by setting the appropriate criteria of optimization and protection.In addition was a theoretical evaluation of the dose inhalation, workers would have received if ALARA study protection measures has not been established. (Author)

  8. Synoptic conditions leading to extremely high temperatures in Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, R.; Prieto, L.; Hernandez, E.; Teso, T. del [Dept. Fisica de la Tierra II, Fac. CC. Fisicas, Univ. Camplutense de Madrid (Spain); Diaz, J. [Centro Universitario de Salud Publica, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2002-02-01

    Extremely hot days (EHD) in Madrid have been analysed to determine the synoptic patterns that produce EHDs during the period of 1955-1998. An EHD is defined as a day with maximum temperature higher than 36.5 C, a value which is the threshold for the intense effects on mortatility and it coincides with the 95 percentile of the series. Two different situations have been detected as being responsible for an EHD occurrence, one more dynamical, produced by southern fluxes, and another associated with a stagnation situation over Iberia of a longer duration. Both account for 92% of the total number of days, thus providing an efficient classification framework. A circulation index has been derived to characterise and forecast an EHD occurrence. This paper shows that EHD occur in Madrid during short duration events, and no long heat waves, like those recorded in other cities, are present. Additionally, no clear pattern can be detected in the EHD frequency; the occurrence is tied to changes in the summer location of the Azores high. (orig.)

  9. Synoptic conditions leading to extremely high temperatures in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. García

    Full Text Available Extremely hot days (EHD in Madrid have been analysed to determine the synoptic patterns that produce EHDs during the period of 1955–1998. An EHD is defined as a day with maximum temperature higher than 36.5°C, a value which is the threshold for the intense effects on mortatility and it coincides with the 95 percentile of the series. Two different situations have been detected as being responsible for an EHD occurrence, one more dynamical, produced by southern fluxes, and another associated with a stagnation situation over Iberia of a longer duration. Both account for 92% of the total number of days, thus providing an efficient classification framework. A circulation index has been derived to characterise and forecast an EHD occurrence. This paper shows that EHD occur in Madrid during short duration events, and no long heat waves, like those recorded in other cities, are present. Additionally, no clear pattern can be detected in the EHD frequency; the occurrence is tied to changes in the summer location of the Azores high.

    Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (Climatology; synoptic-scale meteorology; general or miscellaneous

  10. Study of Adsorbents for the Capture of CO2 in Post-combustion. Contribution of CIEMAT to Module 4 of the CENITCO2 Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main goal of CIEMAT within the CENIT-CO2 project has been the development of a process for CO2 capture from combustion flue gases by physical adsorption. In the first stage, screening studies to select promising adsorbents were carried out at laboratory scale, using simplified gas compositions. After that, pilot plant studies were performed using appropriate configurations of promising adsorbents under realistic conditions. CO2 adsorption cyclic capacity of different adsorbents has been studied. Lastly, for the adsorbent selected as most promising, its cyclic efficiency and selectivity for CO2 adsorption in the presence of other gaseous components (SO2, H2O, NO) of the combustion gas has been determined, as well as its performance along multiple sorption-desorption cycles in the presence of simulated combustion gas. None of the studied adsorbents, though being promising since they all have a capture efficiency of about 90%, seem to be susceptible of direct application to CO2 capture by physical adsorption under conditions representative of gases exiting the desulphurization tower of conventional pulverized coal combustion plants. As an alternative, the development of hybrid and regenerable solid sorbents (physical-chemical adsorption) is proposed or the application of new technologies under development such as the electrochemical promotion in capturing CO2. (Author) 33 refs.

  11. Calibration Human Voxel Phantoms for In Vivo Measurement of ''2 sup 4 sup 1 Am in Bone at the Whole Body Counter Facility of CIEMAT

    CERN Document Server

    Moraleda, M; Navarro, J F; Navarro, T

    2002-01-01

    The Whole Body Counting facility of CIEMAT is capable of carrying out In-Vivo measurements of radionuclides emitting X-rays and low energy gamma radiation internally deposited in the body. The system to use for this purpose consists of flour Low energy Germanium (LeGe) Camberra detectors working in the energy range from 10 to 1000 keV. Physical phantoms with a known contamination in the organ of interest are normally used for the calibration of the LEGe detection system. In this document we present a calibration method using the Monte Carlo technique (MCNP4C) over a voxel phantom obtained from a computerized tomography of a real human head. The phantom consists of 104017 (43x59x41) cubic voxels, 4 mn on each side, os specific tissues, but for this simulation only two types are taken into account: adipose tissue and hard bone. The skull is supposed to be contaminated with ''241 Am and the trajectories of the photons are simulated till they reach the germanium detectors. The detectors were also simulated in det...

  12. Madrid 2012 project evaluation under a market perspective: An exploration of possibilities and opportunities for improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RICARDO GIMENO NOGUÉS

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Madrid has never been so close to the organization of the Olympic Games since April 24, 1966 when Madrid lose against Munich to organize the Olympic Games of 1972. When organizing the Olympic Games, it is necessary to bear in mind not only infrastructures and sport venues, but also the opportunity for improving the quality of life and the community image abroad. In the present work, the Madrid Olympic Project presented to the Olympic International Committee in order to be elected to host the 2012 Summer Olympic Games is evaluated using a market orientation that takes into account the citizens” long term social welfare.

  13. Madrid 2012 project evaluation under a market perspective: An exploration of possibilities and opportunities for improvement

    OpenAIRE

    RICARDO GIMENO NOGUÉS; RUTH MATEOS DE CABO

    2004-01-01

    Madrid has never been so close to the organization of the Olympic Games since April 24, 1966 when Madrid lose against Munich to organize the Olympic Games of 1972. When organizing the Olympic Games, it is necessary to bear in mind not only infrastructures and sport venues, but also the opportunity for improving the quality of life and the community image abroad. In the present work, the Madrid Olympic Project presented to the Olympic International Committee in order to be elected to host the ...

  14. NAO influence on extreme winter temperatures in Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prieto, L.; Garcia, R.; Hernandez, E.; Teso, T. del [Dept. Fisica de la Tierra II, Fac. CC. Fisicas, Univ. Complutense de Madrid (Spain); Diaz, J. [Centro Universitario de Salud Publica, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2002-12-01

    Extremely cold days (ECDs), with minimum temperatures lower than -4.6 C, have been analysed for Madrid. This threshold corresponds to the 5th percentile of the period 1963-1999. Adopting a case analysis approach, five synoptic patterns have been identified that produce these extremely low temperatures. Three of them are associated with cold air flows over the Iberian Peninsula, and the other two with a lack of significant circulation over the region. A non-linear association with the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO) has been identified using log-linear models. The NAO positive phase leads to an increase in the winter frequency of those synoptic patterns associated with stagnant air flow over Iberia, while those characterised by cold, northern flows do not appear to be similarly influenced. (orig.)

  15. Seismological investigation of earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Earthquake activity in the New Madrid Seismic Zone had been monitored by regional seismic networks since 1975. During this time period, over 3,700 earthquakes have been located within the region bounded by latitudes 35 degrees--39 degrees N and longitudes 87 degrees--92 degrees W. Most of these earthquakes occur within a 1.5 degrees x 2 degrees zone centered on the Missouri Bootheel. Source parameters of larger earthquakes in the zone and in eastern North America are determined using surface-wave spectral amplitudes and broadband waveforms for the purpose of determining the focal mechanism, source depth and seismic moment. Waveform modeling of broadband data is shown to be a powerful tool in defining these source parameters when used complementary with regional seismic network data, and in addition, in verifying the correctness of previously published focal mechanism solutions

  16. Grupo escolar próximo a Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Benito, M.

    1965-05-01

    Full Text Available This school for boys and girls has been built by the Fundación Benéfica «Santa Elena», at Villarejo de Salvanés, near Madrid. It has four classrooms for girls, two for boys, a residence for the nuns who look after the girls, two dwellings for male teachers, one for the caretaker, and a hall-cum-chapel, forming part of the nuns' precinct. The main porch entrance provides an element of integration for the various parts of the school; which otherwise are absolutely independent of each other, and are designed to make it easy to add further extensions to each section of the school at a later date.Este grupo escolar para niñas y niños, construido por la Fundación Benéfica «Santa Elena», en Villarejo de Salvanés (Madrid, consta de: cuatro clases para niñas; dos para niños; una residencia para las monjas que atienden a las niñas; dos viviendas para maestros; una para el subalterno del grupo, y el salón de actos-capilla, incorporado a la Comunidad. Todos los elementos que componen el conjunto están relacionados entre sí a través del porche principal de acceso, y fueron proyectados y realizados de forma que posean una independencia absoluta y permitan a la vez posibles amplificaciones futuras.

  17. Un cañón de Cristobal Frisleva en el Museo Naval de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Martín, Francisco Javier

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Comparative study between an unknown small cannon preserved in the Museo Naval from Madrid, signed by Cristóbal Frisleva and dated in 1557, and another one by the same author, preserved in the Museo del Ejercito from Madrid and dated in 1565. A short biographical note on the author is made.

    Estudio comparativo entre un pequeño cañón, inédito, conservado actualmente en el Museo Naval de Madrid, firmado por Cristóbal Frisleva y fechado en 1557 y otro cañón del mismo autor depositado en el Museo del Ejército de Madrid, fechado en 1565. Se hace además un breve acercamiento a la figura de su autor.

  18. Regional water footprint and water management: the case of Madrid region (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Soler Rovira, José; Arroyo Sanz, Juan Manuel; Conde Marcos, Hugo; Sanz Zudaire, Carlos; Mesa Moreno, Alfredo; Gil Pascual, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    Water resources and water footprint of the production and consumption in Madrid region were estimated, considering blue water (water resources), green water (soil moisture), grey water (polluted water) and virtual water (water trade in products imported and exported in the region). Water resources in Madrid relay mainly in surface waters and rainfall, so the periodic occurrence of meteorological droughts implies the scarcity of water supply. The main users of blue water are households, munici...

  19. Calibration Human Voxel Phantoms for In Vivo Measurement of ''241 Am in Bone at the Whole Body Counter Facility of CIEMAT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Whole Body Counting facility of CIEMAT is capable of carrying out In-Vivo measurements of radionuclides emitting X-rays and low energy gamma radiation internally deposited in the body. The system to use for this purpose consists of flour Low energy Germanium (LeGe) Camberra detectors working in the energy range from 10 to 1000 keV. Physical phantoms with a known contamination in the organ of interest are normally used for the calibration of the LEGe detection system. In this document we present a calibration method using the Monte Carlo technique (MCNP4C) over a voxel phantom obtained from a computerized tomography of a real human head. The phantom consists of 104017 (43x59x41) cubic voxels, 4 mn on each side, os specific tissues, but for this simulation only two types are taken into account: adipose tissue and hard bone. The skull is supposed to be contaminated with ''241 Am and the trajectories of the photons are simulated till they reach the germanium detectors. The detectors were also simulated in detail to obtain a good agreement with the reality. In order to verify the accuracy of this procedure to reproduce the experiments, the MCNP results are compared with laboratory measurements of a head phantom simulating an internal contamination of 1000 Bq of ''241 Am deposited in bone. Different relative positions source-detector were tried to look for the best counting geometry for measurement of a contaminated skull. Efficiency values are obtained and compared, resulting in the validation of the mathematical method for the assessment of internal contamination of American deposited in skeleton. (Author) 16 refs

  20. Calibration Human Voxel Phantoms for In Vivo Measurement of ''241 Am in Bone at the Whole Body Counter Facility of CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moraleda, M.; Lopez, M. A.; Gomez Ros, J. M.; Navarro, T.; Navarro, J. F.

    2002-07-01

    The Whole Body Counting facility of CIEMAT is capable of carrying out In-Vivo measurements of radionuclides emitting X-rays and low energy gamma radiation internally deposited in the body. The system to use for this purpose consists of flour Low energy Germanium (LeGe) Camberra detectors working in the energy range from 10 to 1000 keV. Physical phantoms with a known contamination in the organ of interest are normally used for the calibration of the LEGe detection system. In this document we present a calibration method using the Monte Carlo technique (MCNP4C) over a voxel phantom obtained from a computerized tomography of a real human head. The phantom consists of 104017 (43x59x41) cubic voxels, 4 mn on each side, os specific tissues, but for this simulation only two types are taken into account: adipose tissue and hard bone. The skull is supposed to be contaminated with ''241 Am and the trajectories of the photons are simulated till they reach the germanium detectors. The detectors were also simulated in detail to obtain a good agreement with the reality. In order to verify the accuracy of this procedure to reproduce the experiments, the MCNP results are compared with laboratory measurements of a head phantom simulating an internal contamination of 1000 Bq of ''241 Am deposited in bone. Different relative positions source-detector were tried to look for the best countring geometry for measurement of a contaminated skull. Efficiency values are obtained and compared, resulting in the validation of the mathematical method for the assessment of internal contamination of American deposited in skeleton. (Author) 16 refs.

  1. Ancestry analysis in the 11-M Madrid bomb attack investigation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Phillips

    Full Text Available The 11-M Madrid commuter train bombings of 2004 constituted the second biggest terrorist attack to occur in Europe after Lockerbie, while the subsequent investigation became the most complex and wide-ranging forensic case in Spain. Standard short tandem repeat (STR profiling of 600 exhibits left certain key incriminatory samples unmatched to any of the apprehended suspects. A judicial order to perform analyses of unmatched samples to differentiate European and North African ancestry became a critical part of the investigation and was instigated to help refine the search for further suspects. Although mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA and Y-chromosome markers routinely demonstrate informative geographic differentiation, the populations compared in this analysis were known to show a proportion of shared mtDNA and Y haplotypes as a result of recent gene-flow across the western Mediterranean, while any two loci can be unrepresentative of the ancestry of an individual as a whole. We based our principal analysis on a validated 34plex autosomal ancestry-informative-marker single nucleotide polymorphism (AIM-SNP assay to make an assignment of ancestry for DNA from seven unmatched case samples including a handprint from a bag containing undetonated explosives together with personal items recovered from various locations in Madrid associated with the suspects. To assess marker informativeness before genotyping, we predicted the probable classification success for the 34plex assay with standard error estimators for a naïve Bayesian classifier using Moroccan and Spanish training sets (each n = 48. Once misclassification error was found to be sufficiently low, genotyping yielded seven near-complete profiles (33 of 34 AIM-SNPs that in four cases gave probabilities providing a clear assignment of ancestry. One of the suspects predicted to be North African by AIM-SNP analysis of DNA from a toothbrush was identified late in the investigation as Algerian in origin. The

  2. Casa consistorial en Pinto. Madrid/España

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    Ruiz Palomeque, Gerardo

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available All the basical principles in which was founded the building design and execution of the New Town-Hall in Pinto-Madrid are described and commented in this article. The singularity of the building correspond to an integrated action of all the aesthetical, environmental, functional and constructive conditionings (it is about the enlargement of the existant little Town-Hall and simultaneously, to an attempt to reach, through its design, the needed climatic control of the indoors. This is the fundamental characteristic of the so called bioclimatic Architecture from which this building is the most representative contemporary work built in Spain. In the same way it is described the scheme of its performances as an autoregulation system of the environmental parametres within a convenient situation stable in time. The building obtain almost all the heat energy from a collector wall, of Trombe type, placed in the southern fagade and it is supported by a heat pump impulsion system, and it stores all the exceeding energy produced in favourable periods in a great gravel accumulator located under the floor of the basement.

    En el presente artículo se describen y comentan todos aquellos principios básicos en que se fundamentó el proyecto y la ejecución de las Obras de la Nueva Casa Consistorial del Ayuntamiento de Pinto (Madrid. La singularidad del edificio se debe a que se trata de dar en él una respuesta integrada ante todos los condicionantes estéticos, medioambientales, funcionales y constructivos (se trata de la ampliación del pequeño Ayuntamiento existente, con simultaneidad al intento de lograr, por su propio diseño, el necesario control climático interior. Esta es la característica fundamental de la llamada Arquitectura Bioclimática, de la que este edificio es la muestra contemporánea más importante realizada en España. Asimismo se describe su esquema de funcionamiento como un sistema capaz de autorregular sus par

  3. Escenario para una Corte real: Madrid en tiempos de Enrique IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pilar RÁBADE OBRADÓ

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende estudiar la itinerancia cortesana durante el reinado de Enrique IV de Castilla (1454-1474, en relación con el caso concreto de Madrid. El estudio se va a realizar a través del análisis de la crónica del reinado redactada por Diego Enríquez del Castillo. Durante el reinado de Enrique IV, Madrid fue la ciudad que se convirtió con más frecuencia en residencia de la Corte. Lo fue porque Madrid contaba con alicientes como su estratégica ubicación geográfica, su potente alcázar y la proximidad con el cazadero de El Pardo. Madrid albergó a la Corte en momentos de calma y sosiego y en otros convulsos y difíciles. Además, Madrid fue testigo de acontecimientos muy destacados de la vida del rey: el nacimiento de su hija Juana, e incluso su muerte.Ce travail essaie d'étudier l'itinérance de la cour pendant le règne d'Henri IV de Castille (1454-1474, en relation avec le cas concret de Madrid. L'étude partira de l'analyse de la chronique du règne rédigée par Diego Enríquez del Castillo. Sous Henri IV, Madrid a été la ville qui s'est le plus fréquemment convertie en résidence de la cour. En effet, Madrid disposait des attraits suivants : sa situation géographique stratégique, son puissant alcazar et la proximité du manoir de chasse d’El Pardo. Madrid a hébergé la cour dans des moments de calme comme dans des périodes agitées. De plus, Madrid a été témoin d'événements importants de la vie du roi : la naissance de sa fille Juana, et même sa mort.

  4. Madrid-Sevilla desde su implantación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Pilar González Yanci

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El ferrocarril de alta velocidad ha supuesto la última gran transformación de este medio de transporte, que, en sus inicios, fue uno de los elementos clave de la Revolución Industrial. La primera línea española Madrid-Sevilla, con 13 años de funcionamiento, permite analizar la evolución del tráfico generado y la incidencia que tiene en las ciudades a las que sirve, que, con una fuerte componente espacial y urbanística, afecta en gran medida a la población y, por consiguiente, a la actividad económica desarrollada. El diferente tamaño y peso en la jerarquía urbana de las cinco ciudades, muy diversas, así como el grado de transformación respecto al anterior ferrocarril, dan lugar a distintas situaciones en cada caso, resultando tanto mayor la incidencia cuanto mayor ha sido el volumen de infraestructuras construidas, pero resultando siempre motor de desarrollo de nuevo tejido urbano y nuevas actividades, así como posibilitando el cambio de uso del suelo en los espacios liberados por traslado de instalaciones.

  5. Auditorio Nacional de Música, Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García de Paredes, J. M.

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Several months after the inauguration of The National Auditorium, GARCIA-BBM, S. A. have carried out readings to establish the acoustic characteristics of Hall A. With the recent installation of a 5700 pipe organ ~one of the largest Instruments in the world, the work of Gerhard Grenzing a specialist in this field— the architectonic and acoustic profile of the National Auditorium of Music has been culminated. This report refers, among other things, to the values of the different attributes that characterize this Hall's acoustics, including the traditional methods and the most advanced technology used to define the acoustic quality of this type of installation.

    El Auditorio Nacional, transcurridos varios meses de rodaje del edificio, GARCIA-BBM, S. A. ha realizado unas medidas dirigidas a establecer las características acústicas de la Sala A del citado Auditorio. Con la reciente instalación de un órgano de 5.700 tubos — uno de los instrumentos más grandes del mundo, obra del especialista Gertiard Grenzing— se culmina el perfil arquitectónico y acústico del Auditorio Nacional de Madrid. El presente informe recoge, entre otros, los valores de los distintos atributos que caracterizan la acústica de la Sala, tanto los tradicionales como los más avanzados utilizados actualmente como definidores de la calidad acústica de un recinto.

  6. Complejo parroquial de Santa Ana, en Moratalaz, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisac, Miguel

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available This church is sited at Moratalaz, a modern district of low rent houses in Madrid, and the architect has attempted to represent in the design the liturgical concepts developed in the Vatican II Council. These precise ideas have been expressed in the architecture by means of highly plastic symbols. In addition, the planform is very functional and the reinforced and prestressed concrete have been almost the only material used: so that the construction medium is also in accord with the modern nature of the design. The shapes, the space arrangement and everything which might seem a capricious creation of the artist in fact are the result of a detailed analysis of function and reason.Este complejo parroquial se ha levantado en Moratalaz, que es un barrio popular de la capital de España, procurando imprimir y recoger todas las premisas litúrgicas marcadas por el Concilio Vaticano II. El arquitecto ha plasmado sus precisas ideas en un edificio de gran expresividad plástica y de planta orgánica y eficaz, utilizando, casi exclusivamente, un material de nuestro tiempo: hormigón armado y pretensado. Las formas, la disposición de espacios y todo cuanto puede parecer caprichosa creación del artista, no son, en realidad, sino resultado de un cuidadoso estudio de funcionalismo racional y utilitario.

  7. The CSN hosts the Second International Conference on Nuclear Security in Madrid; El CSN acoge en Madrid la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Seguridad Fisica Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scialdone Garcia, A.

    2016-08-01

    The second International Conference on Nuclear Security was held in Madrid between May 9th and 13th last. The acting Minister of the Interior announced that the number of officers of the Guardia Civil watching over the Spanish nuclear power plants will be doubled. (Author)

  8. Bioclimatic buildings of 16 houses in Pozuelo de Alarcon (Madrid); Edificio bioclimatico de 16 viviendas de promocion publica pra jovenes en Pozuelo de Alarcon. (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanez, G.; Yanez-Lopez del Amo, L.

    2004-07-01

    We present in this article a housing building for young people recently built for the Autonomous Administration of Madrid in Pozuelo de Alarcon in which have been applied some bioclimatic and energy efficiency techniques. In this communication are described the main architectural features and are exposed some of the estimated results of energy saving and reduction of Co2. (Author)

  9. Building with 54 houses of high energetical efficiency in Madrid; Edificio de 54 viviendas de alta eficiencia energetica en el oeste de San Fermin. Parclea 5 (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanez, G.; Yanez-Lopez del Amo, L.

    2004-07-01

    We present in this article a residential building recently built in Madrid for the EMV in which have been applied some bioclimatic and energy efficiency techniques. In this communication are described the main architectural features and are exposed some of the estimated results of energy saving with the contribution of solar energy in passive space and water heating. (Author)

  10. Study of Adsorbents for the Capture of CO{sub 2} in Post-combustion. Contribution of CIEMAT to Module 4 of the CENITCO{sub 2} Project; Estudio de Adsorbentes para la Captura de CO{sub 2} en Postcombustion. Contribucion del CIEMAT al Modulo 4 del Proyecto CENITCO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz, E.; Marono, M.; Sanchez-Hervas, J. M.

    2010-07-01

    The main goal of CIEMAT within the CENIT-CO{sub 2} project has been the development of a process for CO{sub 2} capture from combustion flue gases by physical adsorption. In the first stage, screening studies to select promising adsorbents were carried out at laboratory scale, using simplified gas compositions. After that, pilot plant studies were performed using appropriate configurations of promising adsorbents under realistic conditions. CO{sub 2} adsorption cyclic capacity of different adsorbents has been studied. Lastly, for the adsorbent selected as most promising, its cyclic efficiency and selectivity for CO{sub 2} adsorption in the presence of other gaseous components (SO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, NO) of the combustion gas has been determined, as well as its performance along multiple sorption-desorption cycles in the presence of simulated combustion gas. None of the studied adsorbents, though being promising since they all have a capture efficiency of about 90%, seem to be susceptible of direct application to CO{sub 2} capture by physical adsorption under conditions representative of gases exiting the desulphurization tower of conventional pulverized coal combustion plants. As an alternative, the development of hybrid and regenerable solid sorbents (physical-chemical adsorption) is proposed or the application of new technologies under development such as the electrochemical promotion in capturing CO{sub 2}. (Author) 33 refs.

  11. Map showing seismicity and sandblows in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhea, B. Susan; Tarr, Arthur C.; Wheeler, Russell L.

    1994-01-01

    This is one of a series of five seismotectic maps of the seismically active New Madrid, Missouri, area (table 1; Wheeler and others, 1992). The map area centers near the sites of three great earthquakes that struck during the winter of 1811-12 (Fuller, 1912; Nuttli, 1973). These earthquakes and continuing subsequent seismicity rank the New Madrid area with Cherlevoix, Quebec, as the two most seismically active areas in North America east of the Rocky Mountains. The threat posed by New Madrid seismicity to the central United States makes the area the focus of many investigations (for examples, Heyl and McKeown, 1978; McKeown and Pakiser, 1982; Algemissen and Hopper, 1984; Hamilton and Johnston, 1990; Applied Technology Council, 1991; Johnston and others, 1992). The map area includes the most intense seismic activity in the New Madrid region. A seismotectic map shows some of the geologic and geophysical information needed to assess seismic hazard (Hadley and Devine, 1974; Pavoni, 1985). A previous seismotectonic map of the central Mississippi River valley (Heyl and McKeown, 1978) has had wide use for planning field surveys, as a base map for plotting data collected during single investigations, and for compiling a range of information. Since 1978 numcrous researchers have greatly advanced our knowledge of the geology and geophysics of the central Mississippi Valley. The New Madrid seismotectonic map folio updates approximately the south-central sixth of the central Mississippi Valley seismotectonic map of Heyl and McKeown (1978).

  12. Scientific overview and historical context of the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquake sequence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Hough

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The central and eastern United States has experienced only 5 historic earthquakes with Mw 7.0, four during the New Madrid sequence of 1811-1812: three principal mainshocks and the so-called «dawn aftershock» following the first mainshock. Much of the historic earthquake research done in the United States has focused on the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ, because the largest New Madrid earthquakes may represent the archetype for the most damaging earthquakes to be expected in intraplate regions. Published magnitude values ranging from 7.0 to 8.75 have generally been based on macroseismic effects, which provide the most direct constraint on source size for the events. Critical to the interpretation of these accounts is an understanding of their historic context. Early settlments clustered along waterways, where substantial amplification of seismic waves is expected. Analyzing the New Madrid intensity values with a consideration of these effects yields preferred values of Mw 7.2-7.3, 7.0, and 7.4-7.5 for the December, January, and February mainshocks, respectively, and of 7.0 for the «dawn aftershock». These values are consistent with other lines of evidence, including scaling relationships. Finally, I show that accounts from the New Madrid sequence reveal evidence for remotely triggered earthquakes well outside the NMSZ. Remotely triggered earthquakes represent a potentially important new wrinkle in historic earthquake research, as their ground motions can sometimes be confused with mainshock ground motions.

  13. Una alabarda procedente del valle del Manzanares (Madrid

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    Miguel Ángel de BLAS CORTINA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se estudia una alabarda metálica procedente —sin datos precisos de su localización— del valle del Manzanares (Madrid. Posiblemente apareciera con otros materiales (¿puntas Palmela?, pero el hecho no pudo ser comprobado. Fundida en un molde monovalvo que proporciona un acabado homogéneo a una sola de las caras, se integra metalúrgicamente en el grupo E 01 (cobres arsenicales propio de la Península Ibérica durante el Calcolítico y el Bronce Antiguo. Tipológicamente puede ser clasificada como integrante del grupo Carrapatas al que pertenecen un conjunto de alabardas procedentes del N.E. de Portugal (Bragança y Tras os Montes del que se conocen escasos testimonios fuera del área característica. Especialmente significativo es el hallazgo de la finca de la Paloma (Pantoja, Toledo que muestra la asociación entre las alabardas Carrapatas y elementos propios del campaniforme tardío de España y Portugal, circunstancia que permite fechar el tipo entre el 1700-1500 a. de J.C., datación similar a las fechas admitidas para las alabardas irlandesas con las que algunos autores ven posibles relaciones. La existencia de alabardas grabadas en estelas más tardías o en rocas al aire libre plantea el problema de su perduración. No obstante, el carácter simbólico de las armas grabadas puede hacer que sea solamente la imagen representada la que superviva, aunque el arma como tal haya perdido vigencia. La alabarda del Manzanares, junto con las de Pantoja, señala la presencia en la Meseta Sur de elementos metalúrgicos propios del N.W. de la Península en un momento sincrónico con las fases finales del campaniforme.ABSTRACT: We study a metallic halberd found in an indeterminate place in the valley of the river Manzanares (Madrid. It might have appeared with other materials (Palmela Points?, although this fact could not be confirmed. Made in a single-faced mould which allows a homogeneous finish to only one of the sides, it belongs from

  14. Las torres Puerta de Europa, Madrid-España

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    Domínguez del Castillo, Tomás

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available The functionality is the main aspect of the urban area of the twin towers located at the end of the "Paseo de la Castellana" (Madrid. With a tilting of 15º over the vertical and crossing directions, such architectonic area is detached for its place and design of facilities and installations. The structural system is very complex due to the high technology applied for its construction, what made very difficult the ending of project. The "Puerta de Europa" towers will be used for office rental and they are (due to the structural system and quality of construction materials used one of the most important buildings due to not only to the quality of materials and design, but also due to their security and control centralized systems.

    La funcionalidad preside el conjunto urbanístico formado por las dos torres situadas al final del Paseo de la Castellana. Con una inclinación de 15º sobre su vertical y hacia un punto común, dicho conjunto arquitectónico destaca, sobre todo, por su ubicación, diseño de instalaciones y servicios. Se destaca la complejidad de su sistema estructural que, unida a la alta tecnología empleada en su construcción, dificultaron la consecución del proyecto. Las torres Puerta de Europa, destinadas al alquiler de oficinas, son unos edificios cuya terminación -con la diversidad de materiales constructivos empleados- constituye, en sí misma, una de las de más alta calidad del momento, con sistemas de control y seguridad centralizados e integrados.

  15. El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid

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    Fernández-Mayoralas Fernández, Gloria

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the residential environment and its perception by the elderly people ageing in place in Madrid, to obtain a better knowledge of the elements to modify in order to increase their satisfaction. The Censo de Población y Vivienda (1991 and the Survey Ageing in Place (1998 are used. In general terms, old people live in old houses, as owners, not crowded but with lack of facilities. These people have been living for a long time in the same neighbourhood, an environment affected by the problems characteristic of big cities, and are integrated in the neighbour by means of activities requiring not to much physical or financial effort. Residential lacks affect mainly to that groups with social and economic vulnerability: female, lower income and educational level, worse health status,... So, two out ten aged people would move mainly due to the negative conditions of habitability, adaptation and facilities. Moreover, reasons for not moving are related to the force of habit, the memories, or consequence of age, bad health or less resources.

    [es] El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid. El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar el ámbito residencial de los mayores que envejecen en su casa y la percepción que tienen sobre este medio, para obtener un mejor conocimiento de los aspectos que deberían modificarse a fin de incrementar su satisfacción. Las fuentes utilizadas son el Censo de Población y Vivienda de 1991 y la Encuesta Envejecer en Casa de 1998. A grandes rasgos, los viejos madrileños viven en casas viejas, de las que son propietarios, sin problemas de hacinamiento pero con carencias dotacionales. Durante la mayor parte de su vida adulta han residido en el mismo barrio, un entorno que actualmente está afectado por los problemas propios de las grandes ciudades, y en el que se integran socialmente mediante actividades que no requieren demasiado esfuerzo físico o monetario. Las deficiencias

  16. Chronic thought suppression and posttraumatic symptoms: data from the Madrid March 11, 2004 terrorist attack.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vázquez, Carmelo; Hervás, Gonzalo; Pérez-Sales, Pau

    2008-12-01

    Although a considerable number of people either witnessed directly or in the mass media the traumatic scenes of the terrorist attack that took place on March 11th, 2004 in Madrid, only a fraction of Madrid citizens developed posttraumatic symptoms. In this study, posttraumatic stress-related symptoms, degree of exposure, coping strategies related to the attack, and chronic attempts to avoid intrusive thoughts (i.e., thought suppression) were assessed in a general population Madrid sample (N=503) 2-3 weeks after the attacks. Our results showed that participants with higher scores in chronic thought suppression exhibited higher levels of PTSD symptoms. Higher scores in chronic thought suppression also correlated positively with the use of avoidant coping strategies after the attacks. We discuss the possible common roots of avoidance of intrusive thoughts and avoidant coping strategies and the implications of this relationship for the emergence of stress-related symptoms as well as for public health policies. PMID:18329844

  17. Seroprevalence of toxocariasis in children and adults in Madrid and Tenerife, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenoy, S; Cuellar, C; Guillen, J L

    1996-06-01

    A study on the seroprevalence of toxocariasis, using ELISA with Toxocara larval excretory-secretory antigens, was carried out on human populations in two regions of Spain. Sera from a population of 195 children from Madrid and 143 children from Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Isles), showed a prevalence of 0% and 4.2% respectively. Sera from a population of 272 adults from Madrid and 803 adults from Santa Cruz de Tenerife showed a prevalence of 3.6% and 17.4%. Reasons for these differences in the seroprevalence of Toxocara in the different age groups from the two regions are discussed.

  18. Bulgarian Workers in Madrid: Legal Position and Performance on the Job Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Markova

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the performance of illegal and legal Bulgarian immigrants on the Madrid job market, their propensity to integrate into the receiving society and their intention to return to Bulgaria. The performance of migrants is defined by their success in finding employment (and specifically by their first job and present job in the host country, by their competition with autochthonous workers for employment and by patterns of saving/ remittance sending. The article is based on a survey carried out in 2003/2004 on 202 Bulgarian immigrants residing in the Community of Madrid.

  19. Spatial Hedonic Pricing Models for Testing the Adequacy of Acoustic Areas in Madrid, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José-María Montero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Road traffic noise is one of the main concerns of large cities. Most of them have classified their territory in acoustic areas and have constructed strategic noise maps. From both sources we have elaborated seven types of acoustic neighbourhoods according to both their noise gap in regard to the legal standard and the percentage of population exposed to noise. A spatial Durbin model has been selected as the strategy that best models the impact of noise on housing prices. However, results for Madrid do not confirm the hedonic theory and indicate, as one of the possibilities, that the official acoustic areas in Madrid could be incorrectly designed.

  20. La civilización como modelo de vida en el Madrid del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez Barrientos, Joaquín

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available In this chapter, the author approaches the social changes, both urban and rural, that Madrid sustained during the 18th century and which resulted in new manners and customs. It is a study of how civilization entered the Ancient Régime.

    Este trabajo es un acercamiento a los cambios sociales, urbanos y rurales, que se dieron en el Madrid del siglo XVIII desde el punto de vista de las nuevas costumbres: un estudio de cómo penetró la civilización en el Antiguo Régimen.

  1. Implicaciones del protocolo de Madrid en el derecho marcario de la comunidad andina de naciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Jesith Bernal Ramírez

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El Protocolo de Madrid de 27 de junio de 1989 es una herramienta útil para el registro internacional de marcas, pues es evidente que los países miembros del Protocolo tienen ventajas comparativas respecto a los otros que no son parte, esto en relación con el mejoramiento de la protección internacional de sus marcas. El artículo académico muestra de manera somera el procedimiento, las ventajas y desventajas del Protocolo de Madrid y su respectivo impacto en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones.

  2. Studying geodesy and earthquake hazard in and around the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Oliver Salz; Magistrale, Harold

    2011-01-01

    Workshop on New Madrid Geodesy and the Challenges of Understanding Intraplate Earthquakes; Norwood, Massachusetts, 4 March 2011 Twenty-six researchers gathered for a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and FM Global to discuss geodesy in and around the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) and its relation to earthquake hazards. The group addressed the challenge of reconciling current geodetic measurements, which show low present-day surface strain rates, with paleoseismic evidence of recent, relatively frequent, major earthquakes in the region. The workshop presentations and conclusions will be available in a forthcoming USGS open-file report (http://pubs.usgs.gov).

  3. Potenciación del turismo gastronómico en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Aparicio, Sira Martín-Peñasco

    2016-01-01

    La gastronomía como poder de atracción y motivación para que los turistas, tanto nacionales como internacionales, visiten la Comunidad de Madrid. Incentivando el conocimiento de los productos gastronómicos locales y al mismo tiempo sus recursos turísticos, una nueva forma de turismo complementaria al otro tipo de turismo. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es presentar unas medidas para potenciar e impulsar la gastronomía de la Comunidad de Madrid, redefiniendo este recurso turístico co...

  4. Centro Princesa, en Madrid (España

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    Lamela, A.

    1968-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a luxury commercial centre, in the very centre of Madrid, and within a high class residential zone. It occupies a whole block, facing four streets, and it includes a luxury hotel, apartments, shopping facilities, offices, car park, and the official headquarters of one of the most important Spanish travelling agencies. The outstanding feature of the «Centro Princesa» is the luxury hotel, which has 250 rooms, suits, social rooms, conventions halls, dance hall, bar, hairdressers saloon, sauna bath, shopping centre, restaurants and secondary services. The luxury flats occupy seven storeys of the central block, 15 apartments per story. Each of these has a sitting room, bedroom, bathroom and kitchen. The carpark, which can hold 300 cars, occupies four underground floor levels. This project is attractive because of its balanced spatial pattern, its clean outline and the quality of the materials, whilst the excellence of its internal appointment also contributes to its overall architectural merit.Este conjunto, situado en una zona residencial de primera categoría, está destinado a: hotel de lujo, apartamentos, locales comerciales, oficinas, aparcamientos de automóviles y a sede de la oficina-despacho central de una de las más importantes agencias de viaje españolas. Ocupa una manzana entera. La unidad predominante del «Centro Princesa» es un hotel de lujo, con 250 habitaciones, «suits», salones sociales, de actos y convenciones, sala de fiestas, bar americano, peluquerías, saunas, galería comercial, restaurantes y dependencias de servicio. Siete plantas del bloque central albergan los apartamentos de lujo, 15 por planta; el apartamento tipo consta de salón, cocina, dormitorio y baño. En cuatro de las plantas de sótano funciona un aparcamiento con capacidad para 300 automóviles. Atrae este conjunto, tanto por el acertado juego de volúmenes, y la limpieza de líneas y materiales —que muestra su composición estética—, como

  5. Center for Technology, Security, and Policy research faculty conduct study of New Madrid Seismic Zone

    OpenAIRE

    Micale, Barbara L.

    2010-01-01

    Theresa Jefferson and John Harrald, research faculty at the Virginia Tech Center for Technology, Security, and Policy in the National Capital Region recently completed a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)-funded research project to model the social impacts and disaster response requirements of a 7.7 magnitude catastrophic earthquake on the three segments of the New Madrid Seismic Zone.

  6. Spanish melons (Cucumis melo L.) of the Madrid provenance: A unique germplasm reservoir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melon (Cucumis melo L.) landraces of the Madrid provenance, Spain, have received national distinction for their high fruit quality and sensorial attributes. More specifically, a unique array of Group Inodorus landraces have been continuously cultivated and conserved by farmers in the municipality o...

  7. Paleontología del yacimiento de vertebrados Aragoniense de Casa Montero (Madrid)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    López Guerrero, P.; Oliver Pérez, A.; Álvarez Sierra, Á.; Paredes, G.; Hoek Ostende, van den L.W.; Peláez-Campomanes de Labra, P.

    2007-01-01

    This work gives preliminary information on the taxonomic determinations for the micromammal fossil material from the locality of exceptional preservation of Casa Montero (Madrid). The proposed taxonomic assignations have allowed the correlation of this fossil material with localities belonging to th

  8. Inclusive Education in Spain: Developing Characteristics in Madrid, Extremadura and Andalusia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermejo, Victor Santiuste; Castro, Florencio Vicente; Martinez, Francisco Miras; Gongora, David Padilla

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work is to analyse and communicate the "state of the art" in inclusive education for the Spanish communities of Madrid, Extremadura and Andalusia, as it is now more than 20 years since inclusive education was first adopted in Spain. The analysis is displayed in a twofold perspective: the basic standards inclusive education is…

  9. Valuation of social and health effects of transport-related air pollution in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monzón, Andrés; Guerrero, María-José

    2004-12-01

    Social impacts of pollutants from mobile sources are a key element in urban design and traffic planning. One of the most relevant impacts is health effects associated with high pollution periods. Madrid is a city that suffers chronic congestion levels and some periods of very stable atmospheric conditions; as a result, pollution levels exceed air quality standards for certain pollutants. This paper focuses on the social evaluation of transport-related emissions. A new methodology to evaluate those impacts in monetary terms has been designed and applied to Madrid. The method takes into account costs associated with losses in working time, mortality and human suffering; calculated using an impact pathway approach linked to CORINAIR emissions. This also allows the calculation of social costs associated with greenhouse gas impacts. As costs have been calculated individually by effect and mode of transport, they can be used to design pricing policies based on real social costs. This paper concludes that the health and social costs of transport-related air pollution in Madrid is 357 Meuro. In these circumstances, the recent public health tax applied in Madrid is clearly correct and sensible with a fair pricing policy on car use. PMID:15504528

  10. Promoting Entrepreneurial Culture in the University: The Institutional Collaborative Model at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pablo, Isidro; Alfaro, Fernando; Rodriguez, Miriam; Valdes, Esperanza

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a case of collaboration between different types of public services and the private sector for the promotion of an entrepreneurial culture. This collaboration is achieved by means of a centre established and developed by the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, the Centro de Iniciativas Emprendedoras (the Centre for Entrepreneurial…

  11. Habitos Alimentarios e Higiene Dental en una Poblacion Preescolar de Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafarga, R. Tarazona; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Nutriment habits and oral hygiene in a preschool population in Madrid were studied by stratification in public or private schools. Significant differences were found only with regard to consumption of fish. Vegetable and fruit consumption was low in both groups, but not statistically significant. (SH)

  12. Cultural Diversity in Compulsory Education: An Overview of the Context of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaurena, Ines Gil

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines educational practices in Spain and in particular Madrid. With this contextual frame as the starting point the following issues are discussed: the "official" conceptualization of cultural diversity, educational policies and resolutions related to cultural diversity, and school programs and resources facilitated by educational…

  13. Tracking Identity: Academic Performance and Ethnic Identity among Ecuadorian Immigrant Teenagers in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucko, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    This article examines Ecuadorian students' attempts to contest immigrant stereotypes and redefine their social identities in Madrid, Spain. I argue that academic tracking plays a pivotal role in the trajectory of students' emergent ethnic identity. To illustrate this process, I focus on students who abandon their academic and professional…

  14. The Commodification of English in "Madrid, Comunidad Bilingüe": Insights from the CLIL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relaño Pastor, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes how multilingual education in the Madrid region has been addressed through the medium of Spanish/English content and language integrated learning (CLIL) bilingual programs, widely implemented in public schools of this region in the last decade. By adopting a critical interpretive perspective (Tollefson in "Language…

  15. THE CHALLENGE OF CIEMAT INTERNAL DOSIMETRY SERVICE FOR ACCREDITATION ACCORDING TO ISO/IEC 17025 STANDARD, FOR IN VIVO AND IN VITRO MONITORING AND DOSE ASSESSMENT OF INTERNAL EXPOSURES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, M A; Martin, R; Hernandez, C; Navarro, J F; Navarro, T; Perez, B; Sierra, I

    2016-09-01

    The accreditation of an Internal Dosimetry Service (IDS) according to ISO/IEC 17025 Standard is a challenge. The aim of this process is to guarantee the technical competence for the monitoring of radionuclides incorporated in the body and for the evaluation of the associated committed effective dose E(50). This publication describes the main accreditation issues addressed by CIEMAT IDS regarding all the procedures involving good practice in internal dosimetry, focussing in the difficulties to ensure the traceability in the whole process, the appropriate calculation of detection limit of measurement techniques, the validation of methods (monitoring and dose assessments), the description of all the uncertainty sources and the interpretation of monitoring data to evaluate the intake and the committed effective dose. PMID:26433182

  16. Public health consequences of terrorism on maternal-child health in New York City and Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherrieb, Kathleen; Norris, Fran H

    2013-06-01

    Past research provides evidence for trajectories of health and wellness among individuals following disasters that follow specific pathways of resilience, resistance, recovery, or continued dysfunction. These individual responses are influenced by event type and pre-event capacities. This study was designed to utilize the trajectories of health model to determine if it translates to population health. We identified terrorist attacks that could potentially impact population health rather than only selected individuals within the areas of the attacks. We chose to examine a time series of population birth outcomes before and after the terrorist events of the New York City (NYC) World Trade Center (WTC) attacks of 2001 and the Madrid, Spain train bombings of 2004 to determine if the events affected maternal-child health of those cities and, if so, for how long. For percentages of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm births, we found no significant effects from the WTC attacks in NYC and transient but significant effects on rates of LBW and preterm births following the bombings in Madrid. We did find a significant positive and sustained effect on infant mortality rate in NYC following the WTC attacks but no similar effect in Madrid. There were no effects on any of the indicator variables in the comparison regions of New York state and the remainder of Spain. Thus, population maternal-health in New York and Madrid showed unique adverse effects after the terrorist attacks in those cities. Short-term effects on LBW and preterm birth rates in Madrid and long-term effects on infant mortality rates in NYC were found when quarterly data were analyzed from 1990 through 2008/2009. These findings raise questions about chronic changes in the population's quality of life following catastrophic terrorist attacks. Public health should be monitored and interventions designed to address chronic stress, environmental, and socioeconomic threats beyond the acute aftermath of events. PMID

  17. Plan de construcciones escolares de 1922 para Madrid. El caso del grupo Menéndez Pelayo

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Javier RODRÍGUEZ MÉNDEZ

    2012-01-01

    En junio de 1922, el Alcalde de Madrid presentó ante su Ayuntamiento una moción en la que reconocía la necesidad de recurrir al auxilio del Estado, descartada la posibilidad de afrontar en solitario un plan de construcciones escolares para la capital. Era el origen de la colaboración entre el Estado y el Ayuntamiento de Madrid, que se plasmó en la R. O. de 9 de noviembre de 1922, por la que se creó la Comisión Ejecutiva de construcción de edificios para las Escuelas Nacionales de Madrid, pres...

  18. [Modelling science. The ceroplastics of Ignacio Lacaba in the Colegio de Cirugía de San Carlos, Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morente, Maribel

    2016-01-01

    Models made of wax had enormous diffusion in the anatomical teaching of the 18th century. It transcended the borders of a science that impregnated with scientific knowledge the artistic expression of beauty. Based on this premise, the San Carlos Royal College of Surgery created in Madrid a large collection of anatomical models, which is currently maintained by the Javier Puerta Anatomy Museum in the School of Medicine at Madrid Complutense University. The collection began in 1786 with Ignacio Lacaba, the first dissector of the Surgery College of Madrid, whose artistic sensibility and deep knowledge of anatomy contributed and facilitated harmonization between the work of the wax sculptors and language and anatomical expression.

  19. Experimental hematology: theoretical and practical course, Madrid 31th may to 4th june 1993. Hematologia experimental: curso tecnico practico, Madrid, 31 de mayo a 4 de junio 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bueren, J.A.; Tejero Ortega, C. (eds.)

    1993-01-01

    This book contains the lectures of hematology course held in Madrid. The main scope of conferences are: 1.- Hematopoiesis: regulation, growing ionizing radiations, damage and radiation effects. 2.- Radioprotection: stem cells of mouse 3.- Genetic: hematopoietic pathology 4.- Stem cells

  20. CPT site characterization for seismic hazards in the New Madrid seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, T.; Mayne, P.W.; Tuttle, M.P.; Schweig, E.S.; Van Arsdale, R.B.

    2002-01-01

    A series of cone penetration tests (CPTs) were conducted in the vicinity of the New Madrid seismic zone in central USA for quantifying seismic hazards, obtaining geotechnical soil properties, and conducting studies at liquefaction sites related to the 1811-1812 and prehistoric New Madrid earthquakes. The seismic piezocone provides four independent measurements for delineating the stratigraphy, liquefaction potential, and site amplification parameters. At the same location, two independent assessments of soil liquefaction susceptibility can be made using both the normalized tip resistance (qc1N) and shear wave velocity (Vs1). In lieu of traditional deterministic approaches, the CPT data can be processed using probability curves to assess the level and likelihood of future liquefaction occurrence. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Happiness on the street: Overall happiness among homeless people in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panadero, Sonia; Guillén, Ana Isabel; Vázquez, José Juan

    2015-07-01

    This article tests a hypothesized model of overall happiness among homeless people in Spain. The research was conducted based on a representative sample of homeless people in Madrid (n = 235), all adults, who had spent the night before the interview in a shelter for homeless people, on the street or in other places not initially designed for sleeping, or who were in supervised accommodation for homeless people at the time of the interview. Information was gathered using a structured interview. The results obtained show that around half of the homeless people in Madrid said that they were happy. A positive meta-stereotype and a better perceived general health were associated with a higher overall happiness, while feelings of loneliness were associated with a lower overall happiness. Happiness also showed a significant effect on future expectations. Disabilities and handicaps had a significant effect on perceived general health, which was in turn associated with overall happiness among homeless people.

  2. La batalla eclesial por Madrid (1923-1936. Los conflictos entre Eijo Garay y Federico Tedeschini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Lago, José Ramón

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationships between the leaders of the Catholic hierarchy are determined by their own theological cosmovisions and their different pastoral strategies, but also by the ambitions of power and the expectations of promotion in the “cursus honorum”. The conflicts that took place from 1923 to 1936 between the apostolic nuncio in Spain, Federico Tedeschini, and the bishop of Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, are an excellent example of these intricate relationships.Las relaciones entre los dirigentes de la jerarquía católica se ven condicionadas por sus propias cosmovisiones teológicas y sus diferentes estrategias pastorales, pero también por las ambiciones de poder y las expectativas de promoción en el “cursus honorum”. Los conflictos suscitados de 1922 a 1936 entre el Nuncio Pontificio en España, Federico Tedeschini, y el Obispo de Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, son una excelente prueba de ello.

  3. JOURNALISM ETHICS AND ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS: A view from Madrid journalists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Herrera Damas

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the partial results of a larger
    research project on journalistic ethics from the point of view of the professionals themselves. Specifically, the following pages analyze the perception of Madrid journalists with respect to the legitimacy of accepting various gifts when carrying out their work. The results of 30 in-depth interviews and 410 surveys of newspaper, radio, television, online and press office journalists who carry out their professional activity in the Autonomous Community of Madrid show that this group is very reluctant to accept gifts with a monetary value of over €200, or to carry out activities financed by a news source. Fewer problems arise regarding acceptance of presents of nominal value of a promotional merchandising nature, free tickets to shows and exhibitions, or paid meals and trips.

  4. Minorias étnico-religiosas en la Comunidad de Madrid: integración y conflicto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piedrahíta, Gabriel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available As a consequence of global migrations, the regions of destination are in fact an ethno-religious mosaic. This paper analyses the different ethno-religious minorities in Madrid to asses their level of integration or conflict.

    Como consecuencia de los movimientos migratorios, resultado de la globalización, las regiones receptoras de población se han convertido en un mosaico no sólo de etnias sino también de religiones. Estudiar las minorías étnico-religiosas en la Comunidad de Madrid comprobando si contribuyen a la integración o al conflicto es lo que se pretende en este artículo.

  5. Experiencias de tratamiento de márgenes de carreteras en la comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franch Mariner, Modesto

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the guidelines and general criteria followed in the projects and works of road edge treatment in the Community of Madrid which are aimed at integrating the road in the surroundings. The works on lateral edges, median strips and junctions as well as impact reducing corrective measures, new techniques in bank stabilization and conservation and maintenance works are presented.

    Se describen en estas páginas las pautas y criterios generales seguidos en los Proyectos y Obras de Tratamiento de Márgenes de Carreteras en la Comunidad de Madrid, que tienen por objeto la integración de la carretera en el entorno circundante. Indica las actuaciones en márgenes laterales, medianas e intersecciones, así como las medidas correctoras para reducir los impactos, nuevas técnicas de estabilización de taludes, y labores de conservación y mantenimiento.

  6. Productos vegetales utilizados en Madrid entre los siglos XIV y XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menéndez de Luarca, Luis Ramón-Laca

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to describe the plant culture of Madrid of the Middle Ages and Modern Age, this paper provides a list of some 300 vegetal products cited in various documents referring to the city dated to the fourteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The identity of the 170 plants mentioned in these documents is discussed.

    Con la intención de esbozar una historia de la cultura madrileña de las plantas a lo largo de la Edad Media y la Edad Moderna, presentamos aquí una lista de aproximadamente 300 productos vegetales citados en diversos documentos de los siglos XIV, XVI, XVII, XVIII y XIX referentes a la ciudad de Madrid, incluyendo una hipótesis de identificación de las 170 especies correspondientes a dichos productos.

  7. Assessment of the Atmospheric Suspended Particles Pollution in the Madrid Air Quality Networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suspended particles are a very complex type of atmospheric pollution because of their chemical composition and size. In fact, there are a quite high number of particles sources which are linked to different physicochemical processes that determine their size. At present particles smaller than 10 μm are considered the most dangerous, as has been recently pointed out by numerous epidemiologic studies. In this way, more restrictive concentration limit values have been approved in the EU countries, so an assessment of present airborne concentration values and the sources apportionment in their most representative areas is needed. In the Madrid Community a first approaching of these and other aims, has been carried out from an analysis of the Madrid Air Quality networks data. This will contribute to the establishment of concentration levels abatement strategies. (Author) 111 refs

  8. Colegio femenino San Luis de los Franceses, en Pozuelo de Alarcón – Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aymerich, Manuel

    1970-10-01

    Full Text Available This hostel is close to Madrid and meets all the requirements of the Official Regulations for school buildings. The design has been most carefully worked out, as regards distribution, external and indoor styling, sunlight, spaciousness, orientations and circulations. For all these reasons this hostel is highly functional, as well as of charming simplicity in outline.Se ha emplazado en las proximidades de Madrid y cumple todos los requisitos exigidos por el Reglamento Oficial para construcciones escolares. Se han cuidado extraordinariamente el proyecto y la realización, en lo que se refiere a su: distribución, tratamiento exterior e interior, adecuación al solar, amplitud de programa, orientaciones y circulaciones. Por todo lo expuesto, el complejo construido ha resultado de un notable funcionalismo y de una gran sencillez constructiva y estética.

  9. Metal functions between Bell Beakers groups. Gold versus copper. The example in the Region of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ríos, Patricia

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an overview of the Bell Beaker metallurgy in Madrid. This is a renewed vision thanks to data provided by the recent excavations in Camino de las Yeseras, a big settlement whose funerary contexts do not match the known conventions in these graves, for example, weapons – absent in the grave goods – are replaced with gold ornaments and other items made in exotic raw materials.El trabajo ofrece una visión renovada de la metalurgia del Horizonte campaniforme en Madrid a partir de los datos que aportan las recientes intervenciones en el yacimiento de Camino de las Yeseras. Sus contextos funerarios no se ajustan a los convencionalismos conocidos para estas tumbas pues las armas ausentes en los ajuares singulares son sustituidas por ornatos de oro y otras piezas realizadas en materias exóticas.

  10. Romanian Migration to the Community of Madrid (Spain: Patterns of Mobility and Return

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Marcu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the process by which Romanian immigrants to the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain return to their country. Starting with the empirical reality and the theoretical focuses on human mobility as a form of transnationalism, the article emphasises on the characteristics which distinguish the Romanian collective from other collectives of immigrants living in Spain; circular migration that creates work networks. The paper reflects how the intensive mobility contributes to a process that is continuous and partial—hardly ever final. The first part of the article presents the phases of Romanian migration to the Autonomous Community of Madrid. It then delves into the process by which Romanians return to their country of origin, while detailing those factors that influence their decision. The conclusions point towards a renewal of studies on mobility within the framework of the European Union that links the border dynamic with the migration process.

  11. Christian Herrgen y la institucionalización de la mineralogía en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Parra, Dolores; Pelayo, Francisco

    1996-01-01

    One of the goals of the scientific policy of the governments of the Borbones were that of favors the disciplines subject to be applied for the necessary stimulus of the Spanish economy. Such it was the case of the Mineralogy, science that was developed and imparted in several scientific cultured institutions. One of these centers were the Cabinet of Natural History from Madrid, in which the work of the German specialist Christian Herrgen contributed to the institutionalization of the Spanish ...

  12. Comportamiento hidrotermal de las arcillas saponiticas de la Cuenca de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Cuevas Rodríguez, J.

    1993-01-01

    The hydrothermal behavior of sedimentary saponitic clays from Madrid Basin has been investigated to assess their potential use as a buffer material in high level radioactive waste repositories. This paper deals with a rewiew of several aspects that has been studied: the adsorption and irreversible fixation of K+, the alteration in absence of potasium and the effects of heat and steam on textural properties of the smectitic clay. Experiments have covered temperatures up to 175 ºC wi...

  13. The Royal Industrial Institute of Madrid (1850-1867). A Historical Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Cano Pavón, Jose Manuel

    2002-01-01

    This paper reviews the history, structure, evolution and salient activities of the Royal Industrial Institute of Madrid. This was the first higher engineering school established in Spain and also the key to the teaching system devised by Spain's moderate liberal government of the 1850s to gather the human resources (engineers, intermediate technicians and skilled workers) needed to face the industrialization process under way in the country. The Royal Industrial Institute was foun...

  14. La información en Madrid del terremoto de Lisboa de 1755

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rosa CAL MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El terremoto de Lisboa del 1 de noviembre de 1755 se conoció en Madrid a través de relaciones, relatos monográficos procedentes de Lisboa o del sur de la Península donde se sufrieron sus efectos. Estas narraciones fueron casi el soporte informativo único cuando se trató del pueblo. Para los ilustrados existían tres publicaciones periódicas (ninguna diaria la Gaceta de Madrid, el Mercurio Histórico y Político y los Discursos Mercuriales Políticos y Económicos. De los tres impresos periódicos sólo el último no estaba protegido por la monarquía. En cuanto a la Gaceta apenas da la noticia del desastre. Sólo el Mercurio tomó en serio el tema e incluyó una nueva sección titulada «Noticias de Portugal».ABSTRACT: The Lisbon earthquake of November 1st 1755 was bought to the attention of Madrid by an edition of relaciones, a collection of articles on the subject from the areas affected namely Lisbon and the southern Iberian peninsula. These pieces were practically the only source of information available to the man in the street. The more learned members of society however, had three periodical publications (none daily at their disposal, the Gaceta de Madrid, the Mercurio Histórico y Político and the Discursos Mercuriales Políticos y Económicos. Of these three printed periodicals only the latter did not receive monarchic protection. The Gaceta in fact hardly mentions the disaster at all. Only the Mercurio took the subject seriously by introducing a new section called «News from Portugal.

  15. The Artificial Intelligence Course at the Faculty of Computer Science in the Polytechnic University of Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    A. GÓMEZ-PÉREZ; Juristo, N.

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents the experience of teaching an Artificial Intelligence course at the Faculty of Computer Science in the Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain. The objective of this course is to introduce the students to this field, to prepare them to contribute to the evolution of the technology, and to qualify them to solve problems in the real world using Artificial Intelligence technology. The curriculum of the Artificial Intelligence course, which is integrate...

  16. Transformaciones urbanas en torno a las reales puertas de la Villa de Madrid (1656-1860)

    OpenAIRE

    Goitia Cruz, Aitor

    2015-01-01

    La estructura urbana de Madrid comenzó a dibujarse con los primeros asentamientos fortificados del siglo IX. Sus posteriores ampliaciones estuvieron acotadas por los sucesivos recintos que delimitaron los contornos de una capital en constante expansión. De carácter inicialmente defensivo, luego fiscal y sanitario, estas estructuras estuvieron articuladas en torno a las puertas de acceso a la Villa, estableciendo un sistema general de cerramiento y comunicación que permitiera el control de per...

  17. Assessment of heavy metals pollution in sulphide mine affected-soils of madrid, central spain

    OpenAIRE

    Torres, M.; Recio Vázquez, Lorena; Carral, Pilar; Álvarez, Ana María

    2011-01-01

    The uncontrolled extraction of mineral resources is considered one of the major anthropogenic sources of soil pollution. In Spain, exploitation of metallic mineral deposits and its subsequent abandonment in last decades has lead to significant environmental hazard for natural systems. In this research, potentially contaminated soils surrounding an old chalcopyrite mine district in Madrid (Central Spain) have been studied. The focus is to assess the degree of pollution by heavy metals and othe...

  18. MAX-DOAS retrieval of aerosol extinction properties in Madrid, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Shanshan; Carlos A. Cuevas; Frieß, Udo; Saiz-Lopez, Alfonso

    2016-01-01

    Multi-Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) measurements were performed in the urban environment of Madrid, Spain, from March to September in 2015. The O4 absorption in the UV was used to retrieve the aerosol extinction profile by an inversion algorithm. The results show a good agreement between the hourly retrieved aerosol optical depth (AOD) and the correlative Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) product, with a correlation coefficient of R = 0.87. Higher AODs are found...

  19. Programas de continuidad de cuidados: el ejemplo del distrito de Chamartín de Madrid Continuity of care programs: the example of Madrid Chamartin district

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    Ana González Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el programa de continuidad de cuidados del Centro de Salud Mental de Chamartín en Madrid, para ilustrar con una experiencia fuera del ámbito anglosajón donde surgen estos programas, la teoría expuesta en la primera parte acerca del surgimiento, desarrollo y filosofía de los programas de continuidad de cuidados. Se describen los recursos sanitarios, sociales y personales de los que dispone la población a la que va dirigido y la forma de intervención, con el tipo de actuaciones que se realizan. Por último, se señalan algunos riesgos en el desarrollo y mantenimiento de los programas de continuidad de cuidados.The case management program of Chamartin Mental Health Center in Madrid is presented to illustrate with an experience outside the Anglo-Saxon context, where such programs arise, the theory advanced in the first part about the emergence, development and philosophy of continuity of care programs. Finally, some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs are pointed out. The health, social and staff resources are described, and also the population to be targeted, the form of intervention and the type of actions that are performed. Finally, we point out some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs.

  20. La ampliación del Metro en la periferia de Madrid (1999-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Á Alonso-Neira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El crecimiento de población y empleo en la metrópoli de Madrid implica un aumento de la movilidad y de su complejidad. Este trabajo analiza cómo influye esta situación en el planeamiento de los transportes públicos del gobierno de Madrid, cuyo principal esfuerzo inversor se ha centrado desde 1999 en la ampliación de la red de Metro hacia los municipios que rodean la ciudad. El análisis de la eficiencia de estas ampliaciones ofrece los siguientes resultados: i el menor coste de la inversión de metro ligero ha permitido reducir los problemas financieros de los gobiernos madrileños; y ii la demanda por los nuevos servicios de transporte aumenta durante los primeros años, aunque desciende posteriormente. Estas conclusiones sugieren la complejidad de las decisiones económicas y políticas de estas ampliaciones, adaptadas a la evolución policéntrica y dispersa de Madrid.

  1. Policies towards DTT in the Community of Madrid during 2008 and 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guiomar Salvat-Martinrey, Ph. D.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The introduction and development of Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT in the Community of Madrid respond to the need ofadjusting broadcasting to the new technological requirements, and to the firm, very ambitious and carefully designed political objective of making the Community of Madrid the leader in the implementation of DTT in Spain. This article aims to show the more relevant policies carried out by the government of this Community during 2008 and 2009 for the digital switchover. This article acknowledges that the Community of Madrid’s technological adjustment policy is framed within a wider national policy called PlanAvanza (2009-2012, which greatly supports, in its Infrastructures section, the nationwide implementation of DTT, and issubsequently determined by the National Technical Plan for DTT(PTNTDT. Based on the collected data, this article studies the level of DTT household penetration in the Community of Madrid during 2008-2009, the informative effectiveness of the campaigns designed to promote awareness about this technological change and ensure the necessary social support, and the effectiveness of the policies.

  2. Gestión municipal de plagas urbanas. El caso de Madrid Urban pest management. A Madrid case study Gestão municipal das pragas urbanas. O caso de Madrid

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    José María Cámara Vicario

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La gestión de avisos por plagas es un componente habitual de los programas de control de plagas en una ciudad por lo que los gestores municipales de estas actividades normalmente desarrollan procedimientos para la captación, la atención y la explotación de los datos resultantes, lo que ayuda con otras actuaciones en paralelo, a mejorar la calidad de la Salud Pública.El estudio que aquí presentamos aborda la metodología diseñada y puesta en funcionamiento por el Ayuntamiento de Madrid para controlar y gestionar la presencia de plagas en la ciudad. La larga experiencia (más de 100 años del Ayuntamiento y su apuesta por la incorporación de tecnologías novedosas en el control y gestión de plagas, ha permitido extraer una serie de lecciones aprendidas que pretende servir de guía y modelo para ciudades en donde los servicios de salud pública no hayan aun incorporado estos métodos.Citizens’ reports of sightings of undesirable animals are a common component of pest control programmes in a city. For this reason, local authorities tend to develop procedures for the capture and analysis of the resulting data sets based on these reported sightings. These procedures in turn contribute to the development of other initiatives aimed at improving public health conditions. The study presented here focuses on the methodology designed and implemented by the Madrid City Council for controlling and managing the presence of urban pests.The long experience (over 100 years of the City Council and its commitment to the incorporation of new technologies have allowed a number of important lessons to be learnt in pest control and management, which may be useful as a guide and model for cities where public health services have not yet incorporated these methods.Os anúncios para a gestão de pragas é um componente comum nos programas de controlo de pragas nas cidades, por isso, os gestores municipais dessas atividades costumam desenvolver procedimentos

  3. Los Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera asociados con agallas de Cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Gómez, J. F.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Information about the chalcid wasp parasitoid community (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea associated with galls of Cynipidae in Madrid (Spain is compiled and updated. Studied material includes more than 1000 published and unpublished records from samplings in 80 sites in the Madrid region carried out over twenty three years by the research team. A check-list of 121 species, 19 of them provisionally identified, from 6 families of Chalcidoidea is provided as follows: 26 Eurytomidae, 27 Torymidae, 9 Ormyridae, 33 Pteromalidae, 9 Eupelmidae and 17 Eulophidae. Ormyrus rufimanus Mayr, 1904 and Idiomacromerus semiaeneus (Szelenyi, 1957 are recorded for the first time in the Iberian Peninsula. For each family and genus of Chalcidoidea data are given on biology, diversity and distribution in Comunidad de Madrid. The composition of the chalcid wasp parasitoid community associated with gall wasps in Comunidad de Madrid is discussed and compared to the same community data from the Iberian Peninsula and the Western Palaearctic. Species from the Iberian community of chalcid parasitoids that are missing from Madrid region, exclusive species and potentially present species are also commented upon. Finally two appendices are presented as follows: a list of the Chalcidoidea species reared from 73 different galls made by 71 cynipid species from Madrid with associated parasitoid records, and a final appendix with full record data of all studied material, including information on the sampling localities with X, Y georeferenced coordinates, host galls and host plants.

    Se compila y actualiza la información existente sobre la comunidad parasitoide de Chalcidoidea, asociada a agallas de cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid. Los datos corresponden a más de 1000 registros, tanto de datos publicados, como inéditos, correspondientes a colectas en 80 localidades de Madrid efectuadas por el equipo investigador a lo largo de 23 a

  4. La reforma de la salud mental en Madrid (1: La problemática de la salud mental en Madrid; el modelo del IINISAM.

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    Pedro E Muñoz

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available La creación y puesta en marcha, a finales del 81, por parte de la Diputación de Madrid del INSTITUTO DE LA SALUD MENTAL como órgano de coordinación, gestión y planificación de los servicios psiquiátricos de la provincia, supuso dentro del panorama general de la asistencia psiquiátrica española un importante cambio de actitud en los gobiernos provinciales frente a aquélla. El desarrollo legislativo sanitario español había ido dejando la asistencia psiquiátrica fuera de la estructura sanitaria del Estado, al no contemplarla entre las prestaciones de la Seguridad Social, salvo en la asistencia anacrónica e inoperante de las consultas ambulatorias de Neuropsiquiatría de la Seguridad Social.

  5. Neutrons field in the neutronic measurements room of the Polytechnic University of Madrid; Campo de neutrones en la sala de medidas neutronicas de la Universidad Politecnica de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Calle Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico); Gallego, E.; Lorente, A.; Rubio O, I. P., E-mail: hrvegacarrillo@yahoo.com.m [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Ingenieria Nuclear, C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal No. 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2010-09-15

    Through of measurements and calculations of a Monte Carlo series has been characterized the neutronic field of the neutronic measurements room of Nuclear Engineering Department of the Polytechnic University of Madrid. The measurements were realized with the Bonner Spheres Spectrometer that allowed establish the spectra on the new stainless steel panel and at different distances measured regarding the source. The values of the speed of environmental equivalent dose were measured with an area monitor Bert hold Lb 6411. Through of Monte Carlo methods was built a detailed model of the room with the panel and the spectra were calculated and, with these the values of the environmental equivalent dose were obtained using the conversion coefficients of the ICRP 74 and the Bert hold Lb 6411 response. The calculated values were compared with those measured and was consistency among the results. (Author)

  6. Biomonitoring of exposure to environmental pollutants in newborns and their parents in Madrid, Spain (BioMadrid: study design and field work results Biomonitorización de la exposición a contaminantes ambientales en recién nacidos y sus progenitores en Madrid (BioMadrid: diseño del estudio y resultados del trabajo de campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Aragonés

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In Spain environmental surveillance has mainly relied on measures of selected pollutants in air, water, food and soil. A study was conducted in Madrid to assess the feasibility of implementing a surveillance system of exposure among the general population to specific environmental pollutants, using bio-markers. The project was basically focused on the environment surrounding newborns. Hence, the study population was made up of 145 triplets of pregnant women at around 8 months' gestation, their partners, and newborns from two areas, representing the two main types of urban environments in the region, i.e., the City of Madrid and its outlying metropolitan belt. Multiple biologic substrates were collected from each participant in order to assess the most suitable samples for an environmental surveillance system. The selected contaminants represent the main agents to which a population like that of Madrid is exposed every day, including certain heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as micronuclei in peripheral blood, a commonly used unspecific index of cytogenetic damage. In addition, passive air samplers were placed around subjects' place of residence. This paper reports in detail on the design and response rates, summarizes field work results, and discusses some lessons learned.En España, la vigilancia medioambiental se basa principalmente en medidas de ciertos contaminantes en muestras de aire, agua, alimentos y suelos. En Madrid se ha realizado un estudio para valorar la posibilidad de poner en marcha un sistema de vigilancia de exposiciones a contaminantes ambientales en la población general utilizando biomarcadores. El proyecto ha tenido como eje el estudio del entorno de los recién nacidos. Por tanto, la población de estudio la constituyen 145 «tríos» formados por mujeres en su octavo mes de embarazo, sus parejas y los recién nacidos de dos áreas geográficas, que representan los

  7. Evolution in the use of natural building stone in Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, R.; Alvarez de Buergo, M.; Perez-Monserrat, E. M.; Varas-Muriel, M. J.; Gomez-Heras, M.; Freire, D. M.

    2012-04-01

    The first natural building stone used in Madrid was the flint, from the 9th to the 12th century. It was first used by the Arabs and there are some nice examples left, such as the Arab Wall in the very centre of Madrid. It was a hard and very resistant material, and the end of its use probably had more to do with the fact that was a really difficult stone to work, cut, shape and carve with due to its hardness and compactness, than with its suitability and availability as a building stone. This was the main reason to start using other type of materials, such as the Cretaceous limestones and dolostones- Redueña stone-; although their quarries were not as close to the city as the flintstones were, a Roman road made possible to bring this material to the city. The Redueña stone then became the most frequent used building stone in the city (used a longer time ago in the quarries areas): nice colour, easy to extract and to work and availability were some of the reasons for it, lasting its predominance until the 17th century. At the same time, more or less, the use of granitic materials started, abundant in the Central System range that limits the North of the Madrid province. This material - traditionally known as Berroqueña stone- never stopped to be used in built heritage since then. Although there are many different quarries, until the 17th century, granites from the Zarzalejo area (Center-West area of the Guadarrama mountain range) were most used, and also those from the Alpedrete area (Center-East area of the mentioned range) during mainly the 18th century It was not until this century when the advances in underground mining extraction and the construction of a bridge crossing the Tajo river, allowed the use of Colmenar stone in the city of Madrid, a limestone located at the Southeast of Madrid. It is a white, little porous and resistant material, which, together with the granite, became the traditional building stones of Madrid. This limestone shows excellent

  8. Acanthamoeba spp. in Contact Lenses from Healthy Individuals from Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Thiago dos Santos; Magnet, Angela; Izquierdo, Fernando; Vaccaro, Lucianna; Redondo, Fernando; Bueno, Sara; Sánchez, Maria Luisa; Angulo, Santiago; Fenoy, Soledad; Hurtado, Carolina; del Aguila, Carmen

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a painful and potentially blinding corneal infection caused by Acanthamoeba spp. In Madrid, environmental studies have demonstrated a high presence of these free-living amoebae in tap water. Since most of AK cases occur in contact lenses (CL) wearers with inadequate hygiene habits, the presence of Acanthamoeba in discarded CL has been studied and compared with other common etiological agents of keratitis, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Methods One hundred and seventy-seven healthy individuals from Madrid contributed their discarded CL and answered a questionnaire on hygiene habits. DNA was extracted from the CL solution and analyzed by real-time PCR for Acanthamoeba, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. These CL and their solutions were also cultured on non-nutrient agar to isolate Acanthamoeba. Results Among the 177 samples, Acanthamoeba DNA was detected in 87 (49.2%), P. aeruginosa DNA in 14 (7.9%) and S. aureus DNA in 19 (10.7%). Cultivable amoebae, however, were observed in only one sample (0.6%). This isolate was genotyped as T4. The habits reported by this CL owner included some recognized risk factors for AK, but in this study only the practice of “not cleaning the CL case” presented some statistical significant association with Acanthamoeba DNA presence. Detection of the investigated bacterial DNA did not demonstrate statistical significant association with the studied practices, but the presence of P. aeruginosa revealed a possible inhibition of Acanthamoeba in these samples. Conclusions The PCR results suggest a high presence of Acanthamoeba spp. in healthy CL wearers from Madrid, but we can assume that CL solutions are properly disinfecting the CL since only 1.1% of the positive PCR samples correspond to viable amoebae and, after four years, only one participant reported stronger ocular problems. Nevertheless, more studies are necessary to corroborate this hypothesis. PMID

  9. Traffic light – nutrition labelling: knowledge, perception and use in consumers of Madrid, Spain

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    Karimen Andrea León-Flández

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Describe knowledge, comprehension level, perception and use of traffic light labelling in consumers of Madrid.Material and Methods: A two phases, cross-sectional study design, carried out in Madrid, in 2012. Our sample was recruited randomly, and interviewed using a questionnaire designed for this purpose. Consumers of 7 stores of main supermarket chains in Madrid were questioned. Information about knowledge, comprehension, perception and use of traffic light labelling (TLL was collected. Analyses examined the frequency of the variables of interest. Differences were tested using the χ2 test.Results: The response rate was 80.6% (first phase and 97.8% (second phase. Consumers that knew the TLL and understood its color-coding system were 41.4% and 18.6% respectively. From the participants that knew the TLL system, 61.5% thought it was very useful (80% among those >65 years and 90% among those with primary studies; p>0.05. Just 31.4% of consumers habitually used TLL to buy their products (70% among those with primary studies; p=0.04. This percentage was higher in consumers that understood the color-coding system (second phase (66.6%; p<0.01.Conclusions: The level of TLL’s knowledge and comprehension was low. Consumers that know TLL, consider it a useful nutrition instrument. Those who understand, use it habitually to buy their products, especially consumers older than 65 years old and with primary studies. A widespread introduction of this system in Spain might contribute to improve food and eating habits, especially elderly people and less educated.

  10. Situation of the companies of hygienic maintenance of facilities of risk of legionelosis in Madrid

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    Consuelo de Garrastazu Díaz

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The control of the hygienic maintenance of the facilities of legionelosis risk is verified through three types of performances: the notifications of cooling towers and evaporative condensers, the registry of the companies that make these treatments and the regulated formation of the personnel who makes these. In addition, by means of the sanitary inspection the correct operation of this mechanism of monitoring and control is verified.In relation to the companies that make the hygienic maintenance, it has been made a temporary analysis front to other companies of biocidas services, being stated that is basically that already they made biocide control services (companies DDD. In the Community of Madrid and as opposed to the criteria adopted by other communities, it is demanded that these companies count on warehouse own or subcontracted or that justify an adapted product management, so that it is always under the supervision off personnel specialized for his use. Also, it is demanded that this companies have a Technical Director, who takes responsibility of the procedures of performance and made treatments. In whatever to the accomplishment of treatments by part of companies registered in other communities, at the moment is not necessary registry of these in Madrid if they do not have social or industrial address, being able to make the maintenance if this activity is properly registered in the community where they are located.The Community of Madrid is accredited for the authorization of courses for personnel who conducts operations of hygienic maintenance of facilities of risk of Legionella, counting at the present with 26 courses authorized. The pursuit of these courses is made by means of the exigency of a previous notification to the edition celebration and the accomplishment of inspection and audit to the teaching institutions.

  11. Contribution to the determination of genetically significant dose owing to radiodiagnostic methods in the Madrid area. Contribucion de las exploraciones de radiodiagnostico la dosis geneticamente significativa en el area de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delgado, V.; Vano, E.; Moran, P.; Fernandez, A.; Calzado, A.; Gonzalez, L. (Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain). Facultad de Medicina)

    1992-01-01

    The results of the determination of genetically significant dose owing to radiodiagnostic methods in the Madrid area are presented. The value obtained for this magnitude is 220+- 60 mu G y. The values for child expectancy, on the basis of age and sex, the number of each type of exploration per 1000 inhabitants per year, distributed according to sex and age, and the values corresponding to the dose in gonads for each probe are also presented. The sample was obtained from 4 large hospitals in the Madrid area, 2 outpatient clinics and some private centers, affording a total of some 700 determinations of dose in gonads. (author)

  12. Analysis of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in particulate matter in Madrid urban area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Levels of n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons have been measured in the air particulate matter during six months, from January to June of 1987, in an urban area of Madrid. The hydrocarbons were collected on glass fiber filters by high volumen sampling. The extraction was carried out by Sohxlet and ultrasonic techniques. The extracts were clean-up on silicagel fractionation and the chromatographic analysis was performed by capillary column gas chromatographic. Final results are discussed as well as the immission values related to the possible emission sources. (Author)

  13. Resonancias de los paradigmas científicos en las arquitecturas de la Escuela de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega Barnuevo, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Los años cincuenta y sesenta son los años de la incorporación definitiva de la arquitectura española al panorama internacional. Entre los arquitectos que protagonizan ese salto sin retorno, se encuentra el grupo de aquellos que unos años más tarde serán denominados por Juan Daniel Fullaondo como Escuela de Madrid. Carlos Flores, en su libro Arquitectura Española Contemporánea 1880-1950, se refiere a esos arquitectos como aquellos que se aplicaban a la difícil tarea de restablecer en España un...

  14. Terracotas de Calés en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    J. M. BLÁZQUEZ

    2009-01-01

    El Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid exhibe entre sus magníficas colecciones una compuesta de numerosas terracotas traídas de Calés en el siglo pasado por el Marqués de Salamanca que nos hemos propuesto estudiar y a la que hemos dedicado varios trabajos ya. Colecciones similares se conservan en los museos de Lecce, Capua, Louvre, Leide, British Museum, Palazzo dei Conservatori, Villa Giulia, Nacionale Romano, Ny Carbsberg Glyptothek, Museo Universitario de Zurich, Museum für antike Kleink...

  15. La Ordenación del Territorio en las Ciudades Globales Europeas: El caso de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Leboreiro Amaro, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    En la Comunidad de Madrid el modelo de ocupación del territorio en las dos últimas décadas ha obedecido a factores de oferta del mercado y no a las necesidades de la población, ello provoca un consumo de suelo y de recursos que conducen a una sobrexplotación insostenible. Las metrópolis globales están experimentando rápidas e intensas transformaciones, basadas en los paradigmas emergentes de la globalización, la gobernanza, la metropolizacion y la dispersión de las actividades en el territor...

  16. Instalación para vivienda multifamiliar de ACS en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Fanego, María

    2009-01-01

    El objeto de este proyecto consiste en el diseño y propuesta de una instalación solar térmica para producción de agua caliente sanitaria (ACS) en una vivienda multifamiliar situada en Madrid. Para ello se van a estudiar las necesidades térmicas de ACS en función de las características constructivas del edificio y analizando los datos climatológicos y de temperatura de red de agua fría propios del emplazamiento. Con ello se llevará a cabo un estudio energético teniendo en cue...

  17. Prevalencia de consumo de tabaco entre las medicas y enfermeras de la comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Ruiz Mª Luisa; Sánchez Bayle Marciano

    1999-01-01

    FUNDAMENTOS: El tabaquismo es responsable de una elevada mortalidad y morbilidad en nuestro pais. El tabaquismo de los profesionales de la salud tiene influencia sobre los hábitos de la población. En España, el tabaquismo esta incrementándose entre las mujeres. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es estudiar la prevalencia de consumo de tabaco entre las médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid, así como sus actitudes y conocimientos respecto al tabaquismo. MÉTODOS: Se ha realizado un estudio...

  18. Factores individuales relacionados con la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Cerón Martínez, Silvia

    2013-01-01

    El presente estudio, tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de la relación entre los factores individuales y la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid. Participaron 145 adolescentes (114 hombres y 31 mujeres), con edades comprendidas de los 14 a 19 años, que estaban cumpliendo condena en el momento de la investigación en centros de menores de la CAM, por haber cometido algún delito. Entre los principales delitos se encuentran; el robo, maltarato famili...

  19. Abastecimiento de agua y depósito regulador en Fuente el Saz de Jarama (Madrid)

    OpenAIRE

    Muslera López, Elena

    2012-01-01

    El presente proyecto consiste en el abastecimiento de agua potable de una urbanización de nueva construcción que va a realizarse en el municipio de Fuente el Saz de Jarama (Madrid). La primera parte consiste en preparar el terreno donde está situada la urbanización, esta preparación se basa en dotar de acceso a la urbanización y realizar los movimientos de tierra necesarios para igualar el terreno con las necesidades de la zona. La segunda parte, trata de abastecer de agua potable a la ...

  20. Los espacios mineros abandonados. El caso de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Escribano Bombin, Maria del Milagro

    2015-01-01

    La Comunidad de Madrid ha tenido un pasado minero importante que ha dejado su vestigio en el territorio. Actualmente la explotación de minerales no metálicos y de rocas industriales y ornamentales continúa, pero no así la de la minería metálica que en el pasado fue abundante. Hoy en día todas estas minas están abandonadas, dando lugar a zonas degradadas con un elevado riesgo para la seguridad de las personas y de los animales terrestres que habitan por sus inmediaciones, y necesitan ser inter...

  1. Cinco cuadros al fresco. Los jardines de recreo en Madrid (1860-1890)

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Sánchez Menchero

    2009-01-01

    La necesidad de un trabajo historiográfico sobre el ocio en la edad moderna española demanda estudiar los jardines de recreo. La construcción de este tipo de espacios durante el siglo diecinueve fue no sólo una realidad en algunas ciudades europeas sino también en Madrid. Y es que, en los ámbitos urbanos, la oferta de lugares para la diversión en espacios abiertos y arbolados permitía el paseo y el recreo familiar. De esta forma, los primeros ensayos arquitectónicos pretendían tener, al lado ...

  2. Seguridad y diseño urbano en los nuevos crecimientos de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Escudero López, Elena

    2015-01-01

    La importancia de la seguridad en la ciudad y el desarrollo de tácticas que permitan la prevención del delito disminuyendo sus posibilidades de ocurrencia y reduciendo el miedo al delito de los ciudadanos debe convertirse un tema primordial en la sociedad actual, cambiante y compleja. Esta investigación establece una comparación entre diez crecimientos urbanísticos de la ciudad de Madrid mediante la incorporación de una metodología cuantitativa en el método CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Evi...

  3. Salida de campo a Montejo de la Sierra (Madrid) a mediados de septiembre de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Montejo de la Sierra, en Madrid, a mediados de septiembre de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre los siguientes anfibios: Bufo bufo (Sapo común, llamado B.vulgaris por el autor) y Rana sp. (Rana), los siguientes reptiles: Natrix maura (Culebra viperina, llamada Tropidonotus viperinus por el autor) y Psammodromus sp. (Lagartija), los siguientes mamíferos: Arvicola sapidus (Rata de agua, también llamado Ratón aguadero), Martes foina (Garduña), Plecotus sp. (Orejudo...

  4. On year Study of Atmospheric Polychlorinated Biphenyls in a Selected Area of Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Alonso, S.; Perez Pastor, R. M.; Sevillano Castano, M. L.

    2002-07-01

    Monthly ambient air and surface soil samples were taken for analysis in the outskirts of Madrid in an open urban area from November 1998 to October 1999. Thirty-one congeners were selected according to their abundance in environmental samples. A comparison of the data so produced with concentration levels obtained in urban centre samples and compiled data was performed. Temperatures higher than 10 degree centigree resulted in increasing ambient air levis and a peak concentration was also observed when wind velocity ranged between 2.5 and 3.5 m.s''-1. (Author) 27 refs.

  5. Red GNSS de InlandGEO en la Comunidad de Madrid: Aplicaciones en Tiempo Real

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Morin, Juan Francisco; Velasco Gomez, Jesus; López-Cuervo Medina, Serafín; Rodríguez-Solano Suárez, Roberto; Blas, Alejandro de; Verdú Vázquez, Amparo; Sánchez, Juan Ignacio; Villegas, José Manuel

    2008-01-01

    Se exponen aquí los desarrollos llevados a cabo para instalar y hacer operativa una red de Estaciones Permanentes GNSS, en la Comunidad de Madrid, con el fin de generalizar la disponibilidad pública, en todo el ámbito geográfico de la CAM, de las correcciones diferenciales de GNSS, contribuir a la densificación del Marco de Referencia ETRS89, y disponer de una Red GPS de altas prestaciones (GPS, GLONASS y la paulatina entrada GALILEO) con una idónea geometría, para proyectos de investigación ...

  6. Análisis tafonómico de los yacimientos de Somosaguas (Mioceno medio, Madrid)

    OpenAIRE

    Polonio Martín, Israel; López Martínez, Nieves

    2000-01-01

    Se analiza la tafonomía de dos yacimientos de vertebrados en superposición estratigráfica en la cuenca miocena de Madrid. Somosaguas Norte presenta una mezcla de estados de conservación poco frecuente en el registro fósil de mamíferos, con: 1) algunos restos frágiles, con superficies intactas; 2) miles de esquirlas, muchas de ellas conservando microestructuras histológicas y restos de alteración interna por microfilamentos; 3) algunos elementos redondeados por abrasión; 4) huesos descompue...

  7. El acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales en la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calatrava, Ascensión

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the access of the immigrants to the social services and the use that make of the benefits and basic services, determining its degree of satisfaction on such. For it, the first part presents the policies of integration of the immigrants who are carried out in the Community of Madrid, analyzing itself next the degree of use of the different social services on the part of the groups of more significant immigrants that they reside in the Community of Madrid and distinguishing his use in regard to sex and of age. The third part of the work gathers a series of directed proposals to improve the access of the immigrants to the social services as well as a set of final considerations that can mark the way of future tending investigations that the immigrants and the society of welcome can through the mutual knowledge, to harmonize their perceptions.

    El artículo analiza el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales y el uso que hacen de las prestaciones y servicios básicos, determinando su grado de satisfacción sobre los mismos. Para ello, la primera parte presenta las políticas de integración de los inmigrantes que se llevan a cabo en la Comunidad de Madrid, analizándose a continuación el grado de utilización de los distintos servicios sociales por parte de los grupos de inmigrantes más significativos que residen en la Comunidad de Madrid y distinguiéndose su uso en razón de sexo y de edad. La tercera parte del trabajo recoge una serie de propuestas dirigidas a mejorar el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales así como un conjunto de consideraciones finales que pueden marcar el camino de futuras investigaciones tendentes a que los inmigrantes y la sociedad de acogida puedan a través del conocimiento mutuo, armonizar sus percepciones.

  8. Primer hallazgo de Micromamíferos de edad turoliense en la Cuenca de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo, J. P.

    1992-08-01

    Full Text Available The Neogene succession cropping out in Mesa de Ocaña (southern Madrid Basin contains a variety of deposits that belong to the so-called Miocene Lower, Intermediate and Upper Units. In this area, the Miocene Upper Unit is formed of terrigenous deposits that grade both laterally and in vertical to palustrine and/or shallow lacustrine carbonate facies. Intercalated with the latter deposits, a large accumulation of fossil micromammal remains has been recognized (Canteras de Iberia mammal site. This site has yielded a fossil mammal association of late Turolian age (MN 13 unit indicative of relatively warm and arid paleoclimatic conditions. The Canteras de Iberia mammal site constitutes the first occurrence of fossil mammals of Turolian age within the Neogene sedimentary record of the Madrid Basin. This occurrence allows to precise the chronostratigraphy of the Miocene Upper Unit of the basin.La Mesa de Ocaña, situada en la parte más meridional de la Cuenca de Madrid, está constituida por una sucesión Neógena dentro de la que se reconocen las Unidades Inferior, Intermedia y Superior del Mioceno de esta cuenca. La Unidad Superior en este área está formada por depósitos detríticos que gradan lateralmente y verticalmente a depósitos carbonáticos de carácter palustre y/o lacustre somero. En estos niveles se ha reconocido la presencia de una importante acumulación de restos de micromamíferos (Yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia que ha suministrado abundantes restos correspondientes a las órdenes Rodentia, Lagomorpha e Insectívora. La asociación faunística obtenida es característica del Turoliense Superior (unidad MN13 y, desde el punto de vista paleocológico, sugiere condiciones climáticas relativamente cálidas y áridas. El yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia constituye el primer yacimiento de edad Turoliense encontrado dentro del registro sedimentario Neógeno de la Cuenca de Madrid permitiendo precisar la edad de la Unidad Superior del

  9. Workshop on New Madrid geodesy and the challenges of understanding intraplate earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Oliver; Calais, Eric; Langbein, John; Magistrale, Harold; Stein, Seth; Zoback, Mark

    2013-01-01

    On March 4, 2011, 26 researchers gathered in Norwood, Massachusetts, for a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey and FM Global to discuss geodesy in and around the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) and its relation to earthquake hazard. The group addressed the challenge of reconciling current geodetic measurements, which show low present-day surface strain rates, with paleoseismic evidence of recent, relatively frequent, major earthquakes in the region. Several researchers were invited by the organizing committee to give overview presentations while all participants were encouraged to present their most recent ideas. The overview presentations appear in this report along with a set of recommendations.

  10. Los viajes de los “dementes” del Provincial de Madrid durante la Guerra Civil (1936-1939.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Villasante Armas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer los traslados de pacientes psiquiátricos desde el Hospital Provincial de Madrid a diversas instituciones durante la Guerra Civil española (1936-1939. El material utilizado procede, fundamentalmente, del fondo documental del Archivo Regional de la Comunidad de Madrid (XII-1936 a IX-1938. La necesidad de evacuar la Clínica Provincial de Madrid de enfermos crónicos les llevó a largos viajes hasta establecimientos psiquiátricos en la costa mediterránea como los de Alicante, Murcia o Almería, donde quedaron internos los dementes. Sin embargo, estas medidas no fueron suficientes y, posteriormente, se realizaron traslados al Instituto Psiquiátrico de Alcalá de Henares y a Saelices (Cuenca e, incluso, fue preciso utilizar instituciones religiosas como en Almagro o un balneario real como La Isabela en Guadalajara.

  11. Air conditioning using an air-cooled single effect lithium bromide absorption chiller: results of a trial conducted in Madrid in August 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Izquierdo, M.; Lizarte, R.; Marcos, J.D.; Gutiérrez, G.

    2008-01-01

    Air conditioning using an air-cooled single effect lithium bromide absorption chiller: results of a trial conducted in Madrid in August 2005 correspondence: Corresponding author. Tel.: + 34 91 871 32 48; fax: + 34 91 871 32 48. (Izquierdo, M.) (Izquierdo, M.) Instituto de Ciencias de la Construccion Eduardo Torroja (CSIC) c/Serrano Galvache 4 - 28033 Madrid--> - SPAIN (Izquierdo, M.) SPAIN (Izquierdo, M.)...

  12. The prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes in Groningen 1998-2000

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Giessen JWB; Rombout Y; Evers EG; Arends B; Veen A; MGB

    2001-01-01

    Echinococcus multivocularis is de kleine lintworm van de vos, welke een ernstige ziekte bij de mens, alveolaire echinoccose genaamd, kan veroorzaken. Mensen raken besmet door orale opname van de eieren van E. multilocularis, die met de vossenfaeces in het milieu terecht komen. De incubatietijd van

  13. Solar observations with Rio de Janeiro Danjon astrolabe: diameter variations and its correlations (1998-2000)

    CERN Document Server

    Neto, Eugênio Reis

    2013-01-01

    This work has aimed to analyze the 1998 to 2000 campaign of solar diameter surveying. The employed instrument was a Danjon astrolabe, at the Observat\\'orio Nacional campus, and specially modified for the solar observations. During the time lapse, 10807 independent measurements of the solar diameter were made, Eastwards and Westwards from the local meridian and evenly distributed. An image treatment has been devised to account for the camera dark current and flat field, using IRAF routines. A study of the observational conditions upon the final outcome was made. The mean temperature at the observation is shown as the most influential parameter upon the final result. Next to it also the temperature variation, the Fried's factor, and the standard deviation of the reflected parabola presented a minor and complex degree of influence. The derived corrections are of the order of hundredths of arc seconds, thus being tenfold smaller than the typical error of one observation. The mean semidiameter for the time lapse (...

  14. Oceanographic Data And Information Network For Africa (Odinafrica) Final Report 1998-2000

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    The Agreement between the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Government of Flanders (Kingdom of Belgium) for cooperation in the marine sciences, was signed at UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, France on 6 March 1998 by Dr Federico Mayor, Director-General of UNESCO and Mr. Luc Van den Brande, Minister-President of the Flemish Government. The agreement provided the framework support for the development of the Ocean Data and Information Network for Africa...

  15. NELSWG Common Loon Contaminant Project: New York Field Report, 1998-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anthropogenic inputs of mercury into the environment have resulted in an increasing gradient of mercury from west to east across North America. In conjunction, the...

  16. Barriers to dietary control among pregnant women with phenylketonuria--United States, 1998-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-02-15

    Newborns in the United States are screened for phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic disorder that when left untreated is characterized by elevated blood phenylalanine (phe) levels and severe mental retardation (MR). An estimated 3,000-4,000 U.S.-born women of reproductive age with PKU have not gotten severe MR because as newborns their diets were severely restricted in the intake of protein-containing foods and were supplemented with medical foods (e.g., amino acid-modified formula and modified low-protein foods). When women with PKU do not adhere to their diet before and during pregnancy, infants born to them have a 93% risk for MR and a 72% risk for microcephaly. These risks result from the toxic effects of high maternal blood phe levels during pregnancy, not because the infant has PKU. The restricted diet, which should be maintained for life, often is discontinued during adolescence. This report describes the pregnancies of three women with PKU and underscores the importance of overcoming the barriers to maintaining the recommended dietary control of blood phe levels before and during pregnancy. For maternal PKU-associated MR to be prevented, studies are needed to determine effective approaches to overcoming barriers to dietary control. PMID:11898925

  17. Contaminants in Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Eggs and Prey Items, Arizona, 1998-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This study documented concentrations and potential effects of organochlorine compounds and metals in addled eggs and potential prey of the endangered southwestern...

  18. Catch-Up Growth of Children After Renal Transplantation - Labafi-Nejad Hospital (1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Otukesh

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Children with coronary renal failure had problems with their catch-up growth. The aim of this study was the Assessment of catch-up growth of children after renal transplantation by analyzing the 6 months changes in height deficit and height standard deviation scores (SDS on age, sex, initial height deficit, initial SDS, graft function, renal failure duration and renal transplantation duration. Methods and Materials: Between 22 September 1998 and 2000, 25 pediatric recipients followed up quarterly for height in the Labafi-Nejad hospital. Data on height submitted at each 6-month follow-up were converted into height and SDS. All the results were analyzed by simple and multiple regression and t-test. Results: 68 percents were male and 32 percent were female Mean age at transplantation was 10.39±2.95 SD years. The average duration of renal transplantation was 20.7±8.96 SD months. The aerage of height deficit was 20.7 cm (±10.55 SD and SDS -3.5 (±1.72 SD at the time of renal transplantation. The height deficit was more significant in the patients with tubulopathy. Catch-up growth observed at month 12. That was more obvious in females, in patients with tubulopathy disorders, in preemptives and in all three age groups. Simple and stepwise regression analysis showed that at month 12 only initial height deficit (P<0.05 and at month 24, only sex (P<0.05 were independent predictor of improved height post transplantation. Catch-up growth were seen in more student patients and girls. This may be the result of puberty spurt that occur two years sooner in girls than in boys. Conclusion: In this study we concluded that the renal transplantation alone is not sufficient measure for correction of catch-up growth in renal failure children and because of that the other treatments should come under consideration.

  19. Whose Frames Mattered? The Feasibility Study in the Municipality of Tierp 1998-2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In December 2001 SKB (the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co) presented a ranking list of the eight feasibility studies carried out in Sweden. The feasibility study in Tierp was cited as showing that potentially good bedrock could be found in the municipality and SKB therefore asked to carry out a site investigation. Tierp is a neighbouring municipality to Oesthammar, a municipality that hosts nuclear power plants, with around 20,000 inhabitants and an area of 1543 km2. This paper focuses on why the Municipal Council in Tierp voted 'no' to further investigations even though SKB pointed out the municipality as having potentially good bedrock. In 1998 a feasibility study in Tierp was started. The arguments presented for a feasibility study were: the proximity to Forsmark nuclear power plant in Oesthammar, responsibilities for future generations, and that an investigation of the municipality could be used for other purposes. The main question this paper asks is the following: why did the Municipal Council in Tierp say 'no' to further investigations? This question is of interest since SKB claimed that Tierp had potentially good bedrock. The hypothesis is that the democratic models (representative democracy, discursive democracy or technocracy) present in the feasibility study and the boundary work carried out, i.e. how the boundary between science and politics was drawn, and which actors had access to the discussion on the public agenda, influenced the decision of the Council. The main sources used are interviews and a Swedish governmental investigation report about the feasibility studies. Twelve fairly open interviews with actors from the municipal organization, SKB, local opinion groups and the media were carried out. The questions cover how hey worked with the study, how the municipality organized its work, how they defined the nuclear waste issues and how they tried to communicate their views to other actors

  20. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000) Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    OpenAIRE

    Ardanaz, E.; Moreno, C; M.E. Pérez de Rada Arístegui; C. Ezponda; N. Navaridas

    2004-01-01

    Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y v...

  1. Pesticide Impact Assessment in Tule Lake and Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuges, 1998 - 2000 Growing Season

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Tule Lake and the adjacent Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuges (TLNWR and LKNWR) serve as key spring/fall staging and overwintering areas for Pacific Flyway...

  2. SWFSC/MMTD/ETP: Stenella Abundance Research (STAR) 1998-2000, 2003, and 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Stenella Abundance Research Project (STAR) is a multi-year cetacean and ecosystem assessment study designed to assess the status of dolphin stocks which have...

  3. Working Together To Build Beacon Centers in San Francisco: Evaluation Findings from 1998-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Karen E.; Arbreton, Amy J. A.

    The Beacons Initiative aimed to transform eight public schools (five middle schools and three high schools) into youth and family centers in low-income neighborhoods in San Francisco, California. Using a coalition of local partners and funding from public agencies and foundations, the centers served 7,500 youth and adults between July 1, 1999, and…

  4. Migration and habitats of diadromous Danube River sturgeons in Romania: 1998-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kynard, B.; Suciu, R.; Horgan, M.

    2002-01-01

    Upstream migrant adults of stellate sturgeon, Acipenser stellatus (10 in 1998, 43 in 1999) and Russian sturgeon, A. gueldenstaedtii (three in 1999) were captured at river km (rkm) 58-137, mostly in the spring, and tagged with acoustic tags offering a reward for return. The overharvest was revealed by tag returns (38% in 1998, 28% in 1999) and by harvest within 26 days (and before reaching spawning grounds) of the six stellate sturgeon tracked upstream. A drop-back of > 50% of the tagged sturgeon, some to the Black Sea, shows a high sensitivity to interruption of migration and capture/handling/holding. Harvesting and dropback prevented tracking of sturgeon to spawning sites. Gillnetting and tracking of stellate sturgeon showed that the autumn migration ended in early October (river temperature 16??C) and identified a likely wintering area at river km (rkm) 75-76 (St George Branch). Thus, fishery harvesting after early October captures wintering fish, not migrants. Rare shoreline cliffs in the lower river likely create the only rocky habitat for sturgeon spawning. A survey for potential spawning habitats found five sites with rocky substrate and moderate water velocity, all ???rkm 258. Drift netting caught early life-stages of 17 fish species and one sturgeon, a beluga, Huso huso, larva likely spawned at ???rkm 258. All diadromous Danube sturgeons likely spawn at ???rkm 258.

  5. Application to STVF from CBT for the Period 1998-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Palle

    1997-01-01

    The application from Center for Broadband Telecommunications summarises research progress and milestones for the period Jan. 1, 1995 - June 30, 1997. It also describes international and national cooperation along with research plans and milestones....

  6. The challenge of improving urban air quality: effects of hybrid cars, introduction in Barcelona and Madrid (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves Ageitos, María; Jiménez Guerrero, Pedro; Baldasano Recio, José María

    2011-01-01

    WRF-ARW/HERMES/CMAQ modelling system is applied with high resolution (1 km2, 1 h) to assess changes in Madrid and Barcelona (Spain) air quality due to hybrid cars introduction. The substitution of the oldest cars by hybrids is effective to reduce NO2 and PM2.5 levels in the conurbations (up to 35%/12% in Madrid downtown, when 30% of cars are changed). In VOC-limited areas, as Barcelona, the NOx emissions abatement locally increases tropospheric ozone concentration. Downwind,...

  7. El Madrid de Galdós: de la calle a la vía urbana

    OpenAIRE

    Gullón, Germán

    2012-01-01

    Tras una justificación teórica de las razones que recomiendan abordar el tema de la ciudad y la novela, el trabajo comenta el cambio experimentado por la ciudad de Madrid en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, tal y como aparece representada en la narrativa galdosiana. Se comenta con ejemplos concretos cómo el autor en los primeros libros sitúa la acción en el Madrid antiguo, en el entorno de la plaza de Santa Ana, cerca de la iglesia de San Sebastián, donde está enterrado Lope de Vega. La calle ...

  8. The life-cycle of Barcelona and Madrid book-publishing districts in the 20th century

    OpenAIRE

    Jordi Catalan; Guillermo Gil-Mugarza

    2013-01-01

    Spain ranks among the world?s top five countries as far as value of book exports is concerned. One of the features of this industry is that, at the beginning of the century, the Spanish book publishing sector as a whole was considered backward by those who knew the sector firsthand. Another one is that book production is largely concentrated in two towns: Barcelona and Madrid. The book-publishing industries of Barcelona and Madrid during the 20th century had similar sizes and shared the three...

  9. Tipología de vivienda en los poblados dirigidos de renta limitada : Madrid 1956-1959

    OpenAIRE

    Guillem González-Blanch, María del Puig

    2013-01-01

    Esta tesis aborda el estudio de los poblados dirigidos de renta limitada en Madrid, enmarcados en el plan Nacional de vivienda de 1955. Para contextualizar la actuación se estudian las diferentes estrategias de la Administración para erradicar el chabolismo en el extrarradio de Madrid, crear vivienda digna y generar empleo. Uno de estas estrategias que carccteriza los poblados dirigidos, es la "prestación personal" o autoconstruccón que permite a los inmigrantes procedentes del campo sin cual...

  10. Autopistas de peaje en los accesos a Madrid: ¿fue una decisión adecuada?

    OpenAIRE

    Baeza Muñoz, Mª de los Ángeles; Vassallo Magro, José Manuel

    2010-01-01

    Las radiales de Madrid R-2, R-3, R-4 y R-5 se previeron en el Plan de Infraestructuras de Transporte 2000-2007 del Ministerio de Fomento. Los objetivos que se pretendían alcanzar con su construcción eran mejorar la accesibilidad y la competitividad de Madrid, así como paliar los problemas de desempleo en el área metropolitana y los municipios próximos a la M-50. Se trata de unas de las primeras autopistas de peaje metropolitanas adjudicadas en España. Para su construcción, conservación y expl...

  11. Christian Herrgen y la institucionalización de la mineralogía en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parra, Dolores

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the goals of the scientific policy of the governments of the Borbones were that of favors the disciplines subject to be applied for the necessary stimulus of the Spanish economy. Such it was the case of the Mineralogy, science that was developed and imparted in several scientific cultured institutions. One of these centers were the Cabinet of Natural History from Madrid, in which the work of the German specialist Christian Herrgen contributed to the institutionalization of the Spanish Mineralogy.

    Uno de los objetivos de la política científica de los gobiernos borbones fue la de potenciar aquellas disciplinas susceptibles de ser aplicadas en el necesario fomento de la economía española. Tal fue el caso de la Mineralogía, ciencia que fue desarrollada e impartida en varias instituciones científicas ilustradas. Uno de estos centros fue el Gabinete de Historia Natural de Madrid, en el que la labor del especialista alemán Christian Herrgen contribuyó a la institucionalización de la mineralogía española.

  12. A joint local and teleseismic tomography study of the Mississippi Embayment and New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyamwandha, Cecilia A.; Powell, Christine A.; Langston, Charles A.

    2016-05-01

    Detailed, upper mantle P and S wave velocity (Vp and Vs) models are developed for the northern Mississippi Embayment (ME), a major physiographic feature in the Central United States (U.S.) and the location of the active New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ). This study incorporates local earthquake and teleseismic data from the New Madrid Seismic Network, the Earthscope Transportable Array, and the FlexArray Northern Embayment Lithospheric Experiment stations. The Vp and Vs solutions contain anomalies with similar magnitudes and spatial distributions. High velocities are present in the lower crust beneath the NMSZ. A pronounced low-velocity anomaly of ~ -3%--5% is imaged at depths of 100-250 km. High-velocity anomalies of ~ +3%-+4% are observed at depths of 80-160 km and are located along the sides and top of the low-velocity anomaly. The low-velocity anomaly is attributed to the presence of hot fluids upwelling from a flat slab segment stalled in the transition zone below the Central U.S.; the thinned and weakened ME lithosphere, still at slightly higher temperatures from the passage of the Bermuda hotspot in mid-Cretaceous, provides an optimal pathway for the ascent of the fluids. The observed high-velocity anomalies are attributed to the presence of mafic rocks emplaced beneath the ME during initial rifting in the early Paleozoic and to remnants of the depleted, lower portion of the lithosphere.

  13. [Comparative study of habits in students before and during the university in northwest area of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias López, María Teresa; Cuesta Santa Teresa, Elvira; Sáez Crespo, Antonio

    2014-11-12

    Introducción: En la mayoria de los paises occidentales los jovenes, adoptan estilos de vida que afectan negativamente a su salud, incrementando de esta manera el riesgo de la aparicion prematura de enfermedades cronicas. Objetivo: Comparar los patrones de habitos en estudiantes preuniversitarios y universitarios en la zona noroeste de Madrid. Material y método: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo con estudiantes madrilenos de universidades madrilenas y colegios-institutos de la zona centro-oeste de Madrid capital, aceptando participar 1590 alumnos de ambos sexos preuniversitarios y universitarios: 653 varones (41,1%) y 937 mujeres (58,9%). Se clasifico a los estudiantes en grupos etarios, ≤ 17 anos y ≥ 18 anos Resultados: Se estudia el IMC, la actividad fisica, el consumo de alcohol y los habitos negativos en cuanto al consumo de alimentos. Casi el 80% presenta normo peso, son mas activos los preuniversitarios. Conclusión: Se han constatado diferencias entre sexos, que deben guiar las actuaciones de intervencion en cuanto a la actividad fisica o habitos, por lo que parece fundamental realizar programas de intervencion nutricional y psicosocial en los adolescentes y jovenes para prevenir y/o reducir el consumo de alcohol.

  14. Study of the superficial ozone concentrations in the atmosphere of Comunidad de Madrid using passive samplers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Galán Madruga

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The ozone is a secondary atmospheric pollutant which is generated for photochemical reactions of volatil organic compounds (VOC’s and nitrogen oxides (NOx. In Spain the ozone is a big problem as a consequence of the solar radiation to reach high levels. Exposure over a period of time to elevated ozone concentrations can cause damage in the public health and alterations in the vegetation.The aim of this study is to carry out the development and validation of a measurement method to let asses the superficial ozone levels in the Comunidad de Madrid, by identifing the zones more significants, where to measure with UV photometric monitors (automatics methods this pollutant and where the health and the vegetation can be affected. To such effect, passive samplers are used, which have glass fiber filters coated with a solution of sodium nitrite, potassium carbonate, glycerol and water. The nitrite ion in the presence of ozone is oxidized to nitrato ion, which it is extrated with ultrapure water and analyzed for ion chromatography, by seen proportional to the concentration existing in the sampling point.The results of validation from field tests indicate a excellent correlation between the passive and the automatic method.The higher superficial ozone concentrations are placed in rural zones, distanced of emission focus of primary pollutants (nitrogen oxides and volatil organic compounds... principally in direction soutwest and northwest of the Comunidad of Madrid.

  15. Estación depuradora, en Madrid, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herrera Marín, J.

    1969-05-01

    Full Text Available This article gives a detailed description of the installations for purifying the residual waters of the «El Fresno» basin, in the neighbourhood of Puerta de Hierro. A special feature of this project is that this is one of the four plants provided for in the General Plan for Sanitary Works of Madrid, and it is also important since it is the largest such installation at present in service. It provides for full processing of the residual waters, and it has been through useful to give a summary of the sanitary engineering calculations.Se hace en este artículo una descripción detallada de la estación depuradora de aguas residuales de la cuenca de «El Fresno», situada en las inmediaciones de Puerta de Hierro. Resalta el interés de la obra la circunstancia de ser una de las cuatro plantas previstas en el Plan General de Obras Sanitarias de Madrid; y dado que se trata de la de mayor envergadura que hay actualmente en servicio, con tratamiento completo de aguas residuales, se ha considerado interesante y de actualidad incluir un resumen de los cálculos justificativos de ingeniería sanitaria.

  16. Monitoring ground subsidence in urban environments: M-30 tunnels under Madrid City (Spain

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    Rubén Martínez Marín

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Big cities improvement usually requires the construction of large underground infrastructures, in order to ensure proper communication and optimize urban use. Monitoring ground subsidences is therefore one of the main challenges in changing urban environments. The "Madrid Río" project (2003-2008 is an effort to reclaim the riverfront land and improve the busy M-30 beltway that involved the construction of 7.93 km of tunnels underneath the southern center of Madrid City. This paper presents a remote-sensing approach to monitor ground subsidences induced by tunneling excavation.  The Persistent Scatterers Interferometry technique (PSI was used to estimate subsidence and displacement time series from Synthetic Aperture Radar images, acquired between August 2003 and April 2008 from ENVISAT.  Remote sensed results were compared to traditional extensometric measures, fitting adequately for selected sectors. Spatial analysis of displacements allowed evaluating impacts of tunneling on surrounding buildings and facilities, highlighting critical areas. The availability of a spatial distribution of displacements in a time series allowed analyzing longitudinal, cross-sectional and temporal dynamics. The main limitations during this work were the heterogeneous spatial distribution of Persistent Scatterers, the absence of measurement points in work areas, the threshold for velocity detection and low temporal resolution of ENVISAT images. Nevertheless, these limitations of DInSAR for monitoring infrastructures are overcome by actual satellites, being a complementary technique with an exceptional added value and temporal analysis capability.

  17. Chequeo constructivo de las fachadas de Madrid/España

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    Monjo Garrió, Juan

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the estatistic study on construction pathology of urban facades that is being done by the Department of Construction of the Politechnic University of Madrid, at the School of Architecture. The objectives of the study are indicated, as well as the proposed method, part of which has already been developed, and special emphasize is done on the data counters, base of the work, as well as in the classification of damages, construction materials, constructive elements, etc. Finally, the first statistic results, obtained through a proof counter during 1987, are offered.

    El presente artículo describe el estudio estadístico sobre patología constructiva de fachadas urbanas que está llevando a cabo el Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, con sede en su Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura. Se indican tanto los objetivos del estudio, como el método propuesto, del que se han dado ya algunos de los pasos, y se hace especial hincapié en las fichas de toma de datos, base del trabajo, así como en la clasificación de lesiones, materiales, elementos constructivos, etc. Por último, se presentan los primeros resultados estadísticos obtenidos, mediante una ficha de prueba, durante el curso 1986/87.

  18. Valoración de la vulnerabilidad integral en las áreas residenciales de Madrid

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    Rafael R Temes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad, en tanto asentamiento eminentemente humano, es reflejo de la diversidad económica, social y cultural de sus habitantes. Como consecuencia de ello, encontramos en un mismo territorio oportunidades distintas, con importantes brechas y fronteras en torno a barrios o ámbitos de características singulares. Partiendo de esta afirmación, se traza como objetivo de este trabajo la definición de un banco de indicadores que permita valorar la vulnerabilidad integral en las áreas residenciales consolidadas del municipio de Madrid. La metodología empleada se basa en el uso de un análisis estadístico multivariable que determina un conjunto de indicadores sintéticos, a partir de los que es posible delimitar los ámbitos de vulnerabilidad integral. De su aplicación se desprende que más del 80 por ciento de los casos así fijados se encuentra fuera de la "almendra central" de Madrid, señalándose la periferia construida entre los años sesenta y setenta como el escenario principal de los problemas urbanos de los próximos años.

  19. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Garcia-Guinea, J. [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Laborda, F. [Group of Analytical Spectroscopy and Sensors Group, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Garrido, F., E-mail: fernando.garrido@mncn.csic.es [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-12-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system. - Highlights: • Abandoned mine residues are Tl sources in soils of Madrid catchment area. • Tl was associated to quartz and aluminosilicates in both rocks and soils. • Tl was frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules. • Cathodoluminescence is a suitable technique for Tl detection on soils and rocks.

  20. Joyas del siglo XVI en seis retratos infantiles de las Descalzas Reales de Madrid

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    Horcajo Palomero, Natalia

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This text is a study of the jewels depicted in six childen's portraits in the collection of the convent of the Descalzas Reales in Madrid. The portraits are of the princesses of the House of Styria -(¿Elisabeth?, Maria Kristema, Anna and Katerina- as well as the children of Anna, Wladislaus and Anna Maria. Firstly, the personages and the paintings are presented, including a brief discussion of their authorship. Then the jewels are described and studied in detail. The author proposes, based on diverse proofs, that they may be the work of the master jewelers Erasmus Hornick, Etienne Delaune and Mathias Zündt

    En este trabajo se estudian las joyas que aparecen en seis retratos infantiles conservados en las Descalzas Reales de Madrid. Son los retratos de las Princesas de la Casa de Estiria, (Elisabeth (¿, María Kristema, Anna y Katerina, así como los de los hijos de Anna, Wladislaus y Anna María. Primeramente se hace la presentación de los personajes y los cuadros, con una breve discusión sobre su autoría, seguida de una descripción pormenorizada de las joyas para inmediatamente pasar a su estudio, en el que se plantea, de forma razonada y basándose en diversas pruebas, su posible adjudicación a los maestros Erasmus Hornick, Etienne Delaune y Mathias Zündt.

  1. The restructuring of the health resources devoted to the environmental health in the Community of Madrid

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    J. M. Ordóñez Iriarte

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Environmental Health, in its broadest sense, wich includes what is administratively meant Environmental Health and Food Hygiene, was traditionally performed by the Titular Chemists, Dictors and Veterinary Surgeons who perforrmed their duties within the limits of the Partidos (Areas or districts within the jurisdiction of a Court. Upon this structures, created in 1953, different technical and political events have been influencing for years, making their restructuring necessary in order to be able to answer the whole of the problems that worry the Public Health.This work tries to describe the model of Chemist and Veterinary Services restructuring carried out within the Community of Madrid, to analyze this model, and to propose a model of restructuring of this Services that can be a paradigm for thouse Communities that have not undertaken the same process yet.The methodology we have used is the analysis of the situation before and after the Chemist and Veterinary Services restructuring carried out by means of two different Orders of the Community of Madrid.“Partido” structures have become obsolete, so the restructuring of resources is a necessity. The approach of this restructuring must be done far from any corporativist tamptation and considerating the possibility of incorporating other professionals different from the traditional ones in view of the increasing complexity of the problems of Environmental Health.

  2. Screening for several potential pathogens in feral pigeons (Columba livia in Madrid

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    Ballesteros Carlos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pathogens with the zoonotic potential to infect humans, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Chlamydophila psittaci, can be found in feral pigeons (Columba livia. Given the high density of these birds in the public parks and gardens of most cities, they may pose a direct threat to public health. Methods A total of 118 pigeons were captured in three samplings carried out in 2006-2007 in public parks and gardens in Madrid, Spain. Standard haematological and morphological analyses were carried out on the pigeons. PCR was used to screen for the presence of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli and Chlamydophila psittaci. Positive samples were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Results The analyses demonstrated a high prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci (52.6% and Campylobacter jejuni (69.1% among the birds captured. In contrast, Campylobacter coli was rarely detected (1.1%. Conclusions Pigeons in Madrid can carry Chlamydophila psittaci and Campylobacter jejuni. They may be asymptomatic or subclinical carriers of both pathogens.

  3. Kinematics of the New Madrid seismic zone, central United States, based on stepover models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Thomas L.

    2012-01-01

    Seismicity in the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) of the central United States is generally attributed to a stepover structure in which the Reelfoot thrust fault transfers slip between parallel strike-slip faults. However, some arms of the seismic zone do not fit this simple model. Comparison of the NMSZ with an analog sandbox model of a restraining stepover structure explains all of the arms of seismicity as only part of the extensive pattern of faults that characterizes stepover structures. Computer models show that the stepover structure may form because differences in the trends of lower crustal shearing and inherited upper crustal faults make a step between en echelon fault segments the easiest path for slip in the upper crust. The models predict that the modern seismicity occurs only on a subset of the faults in the New Madrid stepover structure, that only the southern part of the stepover structure ruptured in the A.D. 1811–1812 earthquakes, and that the stepover formed because the trends of older faults are not the same as the current direction of shearing.

  4. Reconstruyendo redes, repensando espacios: experiencias migrantes de argentinos en Madrid (2002/2003

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    Susana Schmidt

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos migratorios implican importantes cambios en la articulación de los espacios sociales. No sólo porque las redes se amplían a nuevos contactos y amistades en el lugar de radicación sino también porque las antiguas relaciones con quienes se quedan en el lugar de procedencia entran en un proceso de transformación. En esta contribución utilizamos la historia oral para acercarnos a las experiencias de un grupo de argentinos que vino a establecerse a Madrid a raíz de la crisis de 2001. Indagamos en la reconstrucción de sus redes sociales en destino y en la manera en que comienzan a repensar sus vínculos con Argentina.___________________ABSTRACT:The migratory projects carry important changes in the articulation of the social spaces. Not only because the networks widen to include new contacts and friendships, also because the old relations in the origin country begin a transformation process. This paper uses the oral history to examine the experiences of a group of Argentines settled in Madrid as a result of the crisis of 2001. It investigates the reconstruction of their social networks in destination and how they rethink their links to Argentina.

  5. Location of Bioelectricity Plants in the Madrid Community Based on Triticale Crop: A Multicriteria Methodology

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    L. Romero

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a work whose objective is, first, to quantify the potential of the triticale biomass existing in each of the agricultural regions in the Madrid Community through a crop simulation model based on regression techniques and multiple correlation. Second, a methodology for defining which area has the best conditions for the installation of electricity plants from biomass has been described and applied. The study used a methodology based on compromise programming in a discrete multicriteria decision method (MDM context. To make a ranking, the following criteria were taken into account: biomass potential, electric power infrastructure, road networks, protected spaces, and urban nuclei surfaces. The results indicate that, in the case of the Madrid Community, the Campiña region is the most suitable for setting up plants powered by biomass. A minimum of 17,339.9 tons of triticale will be needed to satisfy the requirements of a 2.2 MW power plant. The minimum range of action for obtaining the biomass necessary in Campiña region would be 6.6 km around the municipality of Algete, based on Geographic Information Systems. The total biomass which could be made available in considering this range in this region would be 18,430.68 t.

  6. Surveillance of Chagas disease in pregnant women in Madrid, Spain, from 2008 to 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Chavez, M D; Merino, F J; Garcia-Bujalance, S; Martin-Rabadan, P; Merino, P; Garcia-Bermejo, I; Delgado, A; Cuadros, J

    2011-01-01

    One of the most important modes of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in areas where it is not endemic is vertical transmission: from mother to child. The objective of this report is to assess the efficacy of different programmes of serological screening to monitor infection with T. cruzi in pregnant Latin American women living in Madrid (Spain). To achieve this, a retrospective study was undertaken from January 2008 to December 2010 in seven hospitals in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. Serological screening programmes were classified in two main strategies: a selective one (pregnant women from Bolivia) and a universal one (pregnant women from Latin America). A total of 3,839 pregnant women were tested and the overall prevalence was 3.96%. The rate of congenital transmission was 2.6%. The current monitoring programmes have variable coverage ranging between 26% (selective screening) and 100% (universal screening). Monitoring of pregnant women from Latin America only reaches full coverage if universal screening of pregnant women is carried out at any moment of pregnancy, including at delivery. A common national regulation is necessary in order to ensure homogenous implementation of screening. PMID:21958533

  7. Modelling the influence of peri-urban trees in the air quality of Madrid region (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, Rocio, E-mail: rocio.alonso@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vivanco, Marta G., E-mail: m.garcia@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez-Fernandez, Ignacio, E-mail: ignacio.gonzalez@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Bermejo, Victoria, E-mail: victoria.bermejo@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Palomino, Inmaculada, E-mail: inma.palomino@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Garrido, Juan Luis, E-mail: juanluis.garrido@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Elvira, Susana, E-mail: susana.elvira@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Salvador, Pedro, E-mail: pedro.salvador@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Artinano, Begona, E-mail: b.artinano@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2011-08-15

    Tropospheric ozone (O{sub 3}) is considered one of the most important air pollutants affecting human health. The role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O{sub 3} concentrations has been analyzed in the Madrid region (Spain) using the V200603par-rc1 version of the CHIMERE air quality model. The 3.7 version of the MM5 meteorological model was used to provide meteorological input data to the CHIMERE. The emissions were derived from the EMEP database for 2003. Land use data and the stomatal conductance model included in CHIMERE were modified according to the latest information available for the study area. Two cases were considered for the period April-September 2003: (1) actual land use and (2) a fictitious scenario where El Pardo peri-urban forest was converted to bare-soil. The results show that El Pardo forest constitutes a sink of O{sub 3} since removing this green area increased O{sub 3} levels over the modified area and over down-wind surrounding areas. - Highlights: > Role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O{sub 3} pollution in Madrid (Spain). > The CHIMERE air quality model was adapted to Mediterranean conditions. > Preserving the peri-urban forest lowers O{sub 3} concentrations over the surrounding areas. > Evergreen broadleaf and deciduous forests removed more atmospheric O{sub 3} than conifers. - Peri-urban forests contribute to ameliorate ozone air pollution.

  8. La Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid: participación social en la salud mental The Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association: social participation in mental health

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    Juan Carlos Casal Álvarez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge las experiencias personales y asociativas con la Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid que he vivido desde el año 2002. La Asociación Alonso Quijano está inscrita en el registro de Asociaciones de la Comunidad de Madrid, se fundó en el año 1999. La Asociación Alonso Quijano es una Asociación para acompañar, apoyar y reflexionar en la experiencia de la locura. Desde su fundación el rol que asumen los participantes es el de ciudadanos con los mismos derechos y obligaciones y sin poner etiquetas. Es una asociación donde la participación de las personas con problemas de salud mental es muy relevante.This article, brings together, the individual and collective experiences that I had the opportunity to experience with the Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association since 2002. The Alonso Quijano Association is registered in the Official Association Register of the Madrid Local Government,and was established in 1999. Alonso Quijano Association is an association to monitor, support and reflect on the experience of madness. Since its origins, the members asume the rol of citizens with the same rights and obligations without labelling anybody. It is an association where the involvement of people with mental health problems is very important.

  9. Contribucion al estudio de la semantica de los verbos modales en espanol (con ejemplos del habla de Madrid). The Contribution of Spanish Modal Verbs to the Study of Semantics (with Evidence from Madrid Speech).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirbu-Dumitrescu, Domnita

    1988-01-01

    Spanish modal verbs may express necessity, obligation, probability, and possibility, in either their personal or impersonal modes. Analysis is based on examples of contemporary Madrid speech. Four modals, "poder,""deber (de)," tener que," and "haber que," are placed within a tripartite structure defined by semantic categories, "imminente"…

  10. Stereotypes and Beliefs about Different Ethnic Groups in Spain: A Study with Spanish and Latin American Children Living in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enesco, Ileana; Navarro, Alejandra; Paradela, Isabel; Guerrero, Silvia

    2005-01-01

    96 Spanish and Latin American children from 3 grades in Madrid reported their knowledge of positive and negative stereotypes regarding Spaniards, Gypsies, Latin American and Chinese people. Their personal beliefs about these four ethnic groups were also assessed. Stereotypes about Spaniards were perceived as overwhelmingly positive and least…

  11. International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) Book of Proceedings (Madrid, Spain, April 26-28, 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pracana, Clara, Ed.; Silva, Liliana, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    We are delighted to welcome you to the International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends 2013, taking place in Madrid, Spain, from 26 to 28 of April. Our efforts and active engagement can now be rewarded with these three days of exciting new developments about what we are passionate about: Psychology and its connections. We take pride…

  12. Types of damage that could result from a great earthquake in the New Madrid, Missouri, seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopper, M.G.; Algermissen, S.T.

    1984-01-01

    In the winter of 1811–1812 a series of three great earthquakes occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone. In addition to the three principal shocks, at least 15 other earthquakes, Io ≥ VIII, occurred within a year of the first large earthquake on December 16, 1811. The three main shocks were felt over the entire eastern United States. They were strong enough to cause minor damage as far away as Indiana and Ohio on the north, the Carolinas on the east, and southern Mississippi on the south. They were strong enough to cause severe or structural damage in parts of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. The section of this poster titled "Seismic history of the New Madrid region" describes what happened in the epicentral region. Fortunately, few people lived in the severely shaken area in 1811; that is not the case today. What would happen if a series of earthquakes as large and numerous as the "New Madrid" earthquakes were to occur in the New Madrid seismic zone today?

  13. Evaluation of the surface urban heat island effect in the city of Madrid by thermal remote sensing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sobrino, J.; Oltra-Carrio, R; Jimenez-Munoz, J.C.; Franch, B.; Hidalgo, V.; Mattar, C.; Julien, Y.; Cuenca, J.; Romaguera, M.; Gomez, J.A.; Miguel, de E.; Bianchi, R.; Paganini, M.

    2013-01-01

    The surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect is defined as the increased surface temperatures in urban areas in contrast to cooler surrounding rural areas. In this article, the evaluation of the SUHI effect in the city of Madrid (Spain) from thermal infrared (TIR) remote-sensing data is presented. Th

  14. Low Blood Lead Levels and educational achievement in 7-8 year old children in the Community of Madrid (Spain

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    José María Ordóñez Iriarte

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lead affects the behavioral and cognitive functions of children. The current lead safety level for avoiding these adverse effects is still controversial.Methods of study: A cross-sectional study included 511 children from 23 primary schools within the Comunidad de Madrid (the Madrid Region –including the city of Madrid and the large urban-industrial conurbation of satellite towns surrounding it, Spain. The children’s blood lead levels were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In addition, the teachers completed an eight-item questionnaire about the children’s behavior and academic achievement. Parents filled in a self-completion survey about the sociodemographic variables of the children and the family.Results: The mean Blood Lead Level (BLL of the children was 4.1 μg/dL SD 1.6 μg/dL (log transformed 3.8 μg/dL SD 0.2 μg/dL. Multivariate analysis controlling for relevant sociodemographic cofactors (among others, sex, age and educational level of the parents showed a negative association, but this was not statistically significant.Conclusions: Despite the low blood lead levels found in the children of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain and the design limitations of the study, the results obtained suggest the existence of a harmful, but not statistically significant, effect of blood lead on the behavior and academic achievement of children.

  15. Proceedings of the International Conference on Mobile Learning 2014. (10th, Madrid, Spain, February 28-March 2, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Inmaculada Arnedillo, Ed.; Isaías, Pedro, Ed.

    2014-01-01

    These proceedings contain the papers of the 10th International Conference on Mobile Learning 2014, which was organised by the International Association for Development of the Information Society, in Madrid, Spain, February 28-March 2, 2014. The Mobile Learning 2014 International Conference seeks to provide a forum for the presentation and…

  16. B-Learning for Literary Studies in the European Space of Higher Education: Research at Universidad Complutense Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Varela, Asuncion; Sanz, Amelia

    2007-01-01

    This report presents the work of LEETHi ("Spanish and European Literatures from Text to Hypertext"), a research group based at Universidad Complutense Madrid, whose projects have focused on the teaching of literature from an intercultural perspective while also helping students to develop competence in information literacy, following the impact of…

  17. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) (8th, Madrid, Spain, June 26-29, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Olga Cristina, Ed.; Boticario, Jesus Gonzalez, Ed.; Romero, Cristobal, Ed.; Pechenizkiy, Mykola, Ed.; Merceron, Agathe, Ed.; Mitros, Piotr, Ed.; Luna, Jose Maria, Ed.; Mihaescu, Cristian, Ed.; Moreno, Pablo, Ed.; Hershkovitz, Arnon, Ed.; Ventura, Sebastian, Ed.; Desmarais, Michel, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    The 8th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2015) is held under auspices of the International Educational Data Mining Society at UNED, the National University for Distance Education in Spain. The conference held in Madrid, Spain, July 26-29, 2015, follows the seven previous editions (London 2014, Memphis 2013, Chania 2012,…

  18. Technical Note: Historic gypsum-kilns (Morata de Tajuña, Madrid

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    Llamas Borrajo, J. F.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available In the locality of Morata de Tajuña and surroundings there was an important settlement of gypsum pits and limekilns, together with other historical industries, now disappear. These activities were developed mainly during the 1960´s and 70´s, but its production decreased because of changes in the productive processes (substitution of discontinuous processes by continuous ones, higher kilns, etc. (1. Nevertheless, some of these furnaces still remain, as well as ancient workers who have provided important information. Within the research project funded by the Madrid´s Government, entitled: Industrial archaeology: Conservation of the mining and metallurgical heritage of Madrid (IV, ancient gypsum pits have been identified and inventoried. The ancient gypsiferous extraction history was recovered and the productive processes fluxes were reconstructed. The state of the heritage is evaluated and the conservation of some of the elements is recommended. Likewise, the intangible heritage was also investigated, being able to show a legend related with these kilns.En Morata de Tajuña y pueblos limítrofes hay una importante tradición yesera y calera, así como de otras industrias de materiales de la construcción ya desaparecidas, sobre todo en los años 60-70 del pasado siglo, debido a cambios en los sistemas productivos (paso de sistemas discontinuos a continuos, hornos mayores, etc. (1. Por eso aún se conservan algunos hornos y también viven antiguos productores, a los que hemos podido preguntar sobre los procesos productivos. En el marco de un proyecto de investigación de la Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad de Madrid titulado “Arqueología Industrial: conservación del patrimonio minero-metalúrgico madrileño (IV” se están identificando e inventariando viejas yeserías, recuperando la historia yesera local, reconstruyendo los flujos productivos y entrevistando a antiguos operarios. De esta manera, se pretende evaluar

  19. Cambios territoriales en la Comunidad de Madrid: policentrismo y dispersión

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    MARÍA TERESA GALLO RIVERA

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios en la organización de la producción, asociados a las economías y des-economías de aglomeración y a los costes de transporte, generan un impacto visible sobre la reconfiguración de las grandes metrópolis, particularmente sobre las interrelaciones existentes entre diferentes áreas urbanas y periféricas. La región de Madrid no ha estado ajena a esta dinámica, observándose la reducción del peso de la ciudad central en términos demográficos y productivos y la transformación de algunas sub-áreas en sub-centros metropolitanos. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las formas de reestructuración de la región madrileña en los últimos años, considerando que los patrones de dispersión y policentrismo pueden presentarse simultáneamente en el territorio. Se concluye la existencia de un modelo mixto con patrones de policentrismo, donde han comenzado a consolidarse sub-centros urbanos articulados en nodos de alta accesibilidad, con una dinámica propia y que pueden influir en la estructura funcional de la ciudad.The changes in the organization of production, linked to agglomeration economies and diseconomies and transport costs generate a visible impact on the reconfiguration of large metropolis, specifically on the existing interrelations between different urban and peripheral areas. The region of Madrid has been affected by this dynamic through the reduction of the relative importance of the central city in demographic and productive terms, as well as in the transformation of some areas in metropolitan sub-centers. The aim of the paper is to analyze the forms of restructuring that have affected the region of Madrid in recent years, considering that patterns of diffusion and polycentrism can be simultaneous within the same territory. The paper concludes by noting the existence of a mixed model, which presents signs of polycentrism, where urban sub-centers are articulated through nodes of high accessibility, which have

  20. La ciencia griega en los manuscritos hebreos de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega-Monasterio, Mª Teresa; Barco del Barco, Javier

    2009-01-01

    En las bibliotecas de Madrid hay un total de 17 manuscritos que contienen obras de ciencia o de filosofía, sea o no griega, lo que representa menos de una décima parte del total de manuscritos. De ellos, 4 son de medicina, 2 de astronomía y otras ciencias y 11 de filosofía. De éstos últimos, solamente hay un manuscrito que reproduce una obra clásica de la filosofía griega: se trata de la traducción de Me’ir Alguadex a la Ética de Aristóteles. Sin embargo, son más abundantes los manuscritos en...

  1. Preventative security as a mode of government. The case of Madrid

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    Sergio García García

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to explore the influence of neoliberal criminological doctrines on the discourses and practices of police management in Madrid. We shall examine in depth what we consider to be the pillars of this security policy: first, the economic procedure that forces a cost and benefit assessment; second, the logic of differentiation of subjects and spaces; third, the relevance given to technical tools to approach both objective and subjective insecurity, and last, the concept of "prevention", which is transverse to all the previous ones, and tries to break away from a repressive approach and manage efficiently any risk of disordering the social order. This analysis is the basis of our thesis: through banal prevention of (insecurity a distributed form of governance is implemented over the social.

  2. Barcelona and Madrid: Two different realities in the phenomenon of the Latino gangs

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    Miguel López Corral

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The Latino gangs that have come into existence in Spain represent a potential risk factor for citizens’ security and coexistence. That is the view of security forces and organisations, and it also seems to be the understanding reached by the administrations of the Autonomous Communities of Catalonia and Madrid, whose actions in the light of this phenomenon are assessed in this work. To this end, the author begins with an analysis of the significance of Latino gangs inSpain, from their origins to their introduction, and carries out a review of their current situation, including their organisation, recruitment, impact and risk for citizen security. Only with suchan analysis can one begin to comprehend the scenario of dangers that will appear in the future, and the police strategy that should be introduced to deal with the phenomenon.

  3. Plutarco en España: edición del mnanuscrito Madrid BN 6365

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Ortiz, Alicia

    1999-01-01

    El presente trabajo consiste en la edición de la traducción castellana del tratado de Plutarco De capienda ex inimicis utilitate, datada en el siglo XVI y realizada por el "maestro Gaspar Hernández", que se conserva manuscrita en la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid (Ms. 6365). Se ha añadido una breve introducción que sitúa esta versión en el contexto de la recepción de Plutarco en el Humanismo español y en la problemática de la traducción de los textos clásicos griegos en nuestro Renacimiento...

  4. Neutrons field in the neutronic measurements room of the Polytechnic University of Madrid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through of measurements and calculations of a Monte Carlo series has been characterized the neutronic field of the neutronic measurements room of Nuclear Engineering Department of the Polytechnic University of Madrid. The measurements were realized with the Bonner Spheres Spectrometer that allowed establish the spectra on the new stainless steel panel and at different distances measured regarding the source. The values of the speed of environmental equivalent dose were measured with an area monitor Bert hold Lb 6411. Through of Monte Carlo methods was built a detailed model of the room with the panel and the spectra were calculated and, with these the values of the environmental equivalent dose were obtained using the conversion coefficients of the ICRP 74 and the Bert hold Lb 6411 response. The calculated values were compared with those measured and was consistency among the results. (Author)

  5. Viking telecommunication effects of GEOS satellite interference based on testing at the Madrid deep space station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuhr, F. V.; Kent, S. S.; Galvez, J. L.; Luaces, B. G.; Pasero, G. R.; Urech, J. M.

    1976-01-01

    In support of the ongoing NASA-European Space Agency (ESA) effort to understand and control possible interference between missions, testing was conducted at the Madrid Deep Space Station from July 1975 to February 1976 to characterize the effect on Viking 1975 telecommunication link performance of Geodetic Earth-Orbiting Satellite (GEOS) downlink signals. The prime use of the data was to develop a capability to predict GEOS interference effects for evaluation of Viking 1975 mission impacts and possible temporary GEOS shutdown. Also, the data would serve as a basis for assessment of the GEOS impact on missions other than Viking as well as for more general interference applications. Performances of the reference receiver, telemetry, and planetary ranging were measured in the presence of various types of GEOS-related interference, including an unmodulated GEOS carrier and simulation of the actual spectrum by an ESA-supplied GEOS suitcase model.

  6. Los tipos de iniciativas empresariales de los inmigrantes en las ciudades de Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia

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    Leonardo Cavalcanti

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El principal objetivo de este artículo es presentar una tipología, de carácter cualitativo, de los perfiles de los empresarios de origen inmigrante procedentes de países no comunitarios en España, y de las características de sus negocios. Se trata de ilustrar, en términos de representatividad tipológica, los rasgos y el potencial de las empresas regentadas por inmigrantes. Dicho análisis se realiza a partir del estudio titulado «El empresariado inmigrante en España» (Solé, Parella y Cavalcanti, 2007, financiado por la Fundación La Caixa, en tres contextos socioespaciales concretos donde se da una elevada concentración de población extranjera: Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia.

  7. Urban Insecurity as a Language of Political Contention in Madrid (Spain

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    Montserrat Cañedo Rodríguez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Public policies for urban planning developed since the 1980s in Spanish city centres have been marked by the idea of “refurbishing” areas that are “in crisis.” The discourse of citizens’ insecurity has become the framework of shared meaning for diagnosing problems, as well as for legitimizing policies. Using an ethnographic analysis carried out in a central Madrid neighbourhood, I will analyze how the experience of insecurity of one sector of the residents, which is shaped in the framework of the general discourse of citizen insecurity, is, however, rooted in a specific life trajectory that indicates socio-cultural and economic keys that have little to do with the causes of insecurity that the hegemonic discourse continually indicates. More generally, I hope to show, with this case study, how anthropological analyses can contribute to the evaluation of public urban policies.

  8. Application of new technologies in archeology of the Civil War: The Yesares, Pinto (Madrid

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    Miguel Ángel Díaz Moreno

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The surveys carried out in the municipality of Pinto (Madrid have enabled us to locate various structural remains linked to the military operations that took place around the capital during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939. In order to identify and record them, surveys were complemented with the use of GPS and air photographs from different time periods. Afterwards, and in collaboration with researchers from various universities, further methods aimed at generating a complete special representation of the area were applied directly to one of the sites which produced the best results, known as "los Yesares". These methods include topographic mapping that resulted in cartographic material at different scales, the photographic recording with flying Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, and the use of land scanners and GPS-corrected photogrammetrics with which to obtain 3D models.

  9. Media harassment to public figures from the ethical perspective of journalists in Madrid

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    Carlos Maciá Barber, Ph. D.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the area of journalistic ethics, there is very little exhaustive fieldwork on the group behaviour in the processes for obtaining information, much less on media harassment of public figures and the ethical evaluation of the professionals themselves. In-depth interviews (30 and surveys of media professionals (410 indicate that journalists in Madrid show themselves largely in favour of harassment of politicians currently in office. Supporters and detractors of pursuing celebrities who sell exclusives are divided in equal numbers. On the other hand, those surveyed overwhelmingly reject the persecution of members of the royal family, especially their relatives, and are against the hounding of relevant personalities who do not trade in their private lives.

  10. Cinco cuadros al fresco. Los jardines de recreo en Madrid (1860-1890

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    Mauricio Sánchez Menchero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La necesidad de un trabajo historiográfico sobre el ocio en la edad moderna española demanda estudiar los jardines de recreo. La construcción de este tipo de espacios durante el siglo diecinueve fue no sólo una realidad en algunas ciudades europeas sino también en Madrid. Y es que, en los ámbitos urbanos, la oferta de lugares para la diversión en espacios abiertos y arbolados permitía el paseo y el recreo familiar. De esta forma, los primeros ensayos arquitectónicos pretendían tener, al lado de caminos con parques y riachuelos, una variedad de espectáculos que eran la moda de ese momento: teatro, conciertos, circo, toros, además de la práctica de deportes y la exhibición de globos y de animales.

  11. The reptile type specimens preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC) of Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Díez, Teresa; González-Fernández, José E

    2013-01-01

    A first complete list of the reptile type specimens preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC) of Madrid (updated until 15 July 2012) is provided. The collection houses a total of 319 type specimens representing 24 taxa belonging to 6 families and 12 genera. There are 22 taxa represented by primary types (19 holotypes, 2 neotypes and 1lectotype) and at least one paratype, and only two taxa are exclusively represented by one secondary type (paratype). The collection is specially rich in Spanish endemisms. Special attention is deserved by the type series of many subspecies of Podarcis lilfordi described by A. Salvador and V. Pdéez-Mellado. All type specimens are housed in the Herpetological collection except Blanus mariae and Psaimodroims occidentalis type series and Psammodroims hispanicus (neotype) which are preserved in the DNA/Tissues Collection.

  12. Metabolic syndrome: prevalence, associated factors, and C-reactive protein: the MADRIC (MADrid RIesgo Cardiovascular) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Maria A; Puig, Juan G; Mora, Marta; Aragón, Rosa; O'Dogherty, Pascual; Antón, José L; Sánchez-Villares, Teresa; Rubio, José M; Rosado, Javier; Torres, Rosa; Marcos, Joaquín; Pallardo, Luis F; Banegas, José R

    2008-09-01

    The metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined by the clustering of a number of cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence of MS in Madrid (Spain) by 2 definitions and to investigate its relationship with several sociodemographic factors and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. This was a cross-sectional population study, and participants were 1344 subjects aged 31 to 70 years. Clinical evaluation included data on sociodemographic and cardiovascular background, physical examination, fasting glucose, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The CRP levels were determined in a subgroup of 843 subjects. The diagnosis of MS was made according to the 2005 Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions. The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of MS was 24.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 22.3%-26.9%) using the ATP III definition and 30.9% (95% CI, 28.4%-33.3%) using the International Diabetes Federation definition. The overall agreement rate was 91.5% (kappa = 0.80; 95% CI, 0.76-0.83). Prevalence figures by both definitions were higher in men than in women and increased with age. Male sex, older age, low educational level, and physical inactivity were all determinants of ATP III-defined MS. The presence of MS or any of its components was associated with high CRP levels. In a logistic regression analysis, low educational level and waist circumference were the best predictors for high CRP level. The prevalence of MS in the Madrid region is one of the highest in Europe and confirms the strong Spanish regional variability in this syndrome frequency. Some sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, particularly educational level, are predictors for MS and high CRP levels.

  13. Influence of the ozone profile above Madrid (Spain) on Brewer estimation of ozone air mass factor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antón, M.; López, M.; Costa, M. J.; Serrano, A.; Bortoli, D.; Bañón, M.; Vilaplana, J. M.; Silva, A. M.

    2009-08-01

    The methodology used by Brewer spectroradiometers to estimate the ozone column is based on differential absorption spectroscopy. This methodology employs the ozone air mass factor (AMF) to derive the total ozone column from the slant path ozone amount. For the calculating the ozone AMF, the Brewer algorithm assumes that the ozone layer is located at a fixed height of 22 km. However, for a real specific site the ozone presents a certain profile, which varies spatially and temporally depending on the latitude, altitude and dynamical conditions of the atmosphere above the site of measurements. In this sense, this work address the reliability of the mentioned assumption and analyses the influence of the ozone profiles measured above Madrid (Spain) in the ozone AMF calculations. The approximated ozone AMF used by the Brewer algorithm is compared with simulations obtained using the libRadtran radiative transfer model code. The results show an excellent agreement between the simulated and the approximated AMF values for solar zenith angle lower than 75°. In addition, the relative differences remain lower than 2% at 85°. These good results are mainly due to the fact that the altitude of the ozone layer assumed constant by the Brewer algorithm for all latitudes notably can be considered representative of the real profile of ozone above Madrid (average value of 21.7±1.8 km). The operational ozone AMF calculations for Brewer instruments are limited, in general, to SZA below 80°. Extending the usable SZA range is especially relevant for Brewer instruments located at high mid-latitudes.

  14. Influence of the ozone profile above Madrid (Spain) on Brewer estimation of ozone air mass factor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anton, M. [Univ. de Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain). Dept. de Fisica; Evora Univ. (PT). Goephysics Centre of Evora (CGE); Lopez, M.; Banon, M. [Agenica Estatal de Meteorologia (AEMET), Madrid (Spain); Costa, M.J.; Silva, A.M. [Evora Univ. (PT). Goephysics Centre of Evora (CGE); Evora Univ. (Portugal). Dept. of Physics; Serrano, A. [Univ. de Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain). Dept. de Fisica; Bortoli, D. [Evora Univ. (PT). Goephysics Centre of Evora (CGE); Vilaplana, J.M. [Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Huelva (Spain). Estacion de Sondeos Atmosferico ' ' El Arenosillo' '

    2009-07-01

    The methodology used by Brewer spectroradiometers to estimate the ozone column is based on differential absorption spectroscopy. This methodology employs the ozone air mass factor (AMF) to derive the total ozone column from the slant path ozone amount. For the calculating the ozone AMF, the Brewer algorithm assumes that the ozone layer is located at a fixed height of 22 km. However, for a real specific site the ozone presents a certain profile, which varies spatially and temporally depending on the latitude, altitude and dynamical conditions of the atmosphere above the site of measurements. In this sense, this work address the reliability of the mentioned assumption and analyses the influence of the ozone profiles measured above Madrid (Spain) in the ozone AMF calculations. The approximated ozone AMF used by the Brewer algorithm is compared with simulations obtained using the libRadtran radiative transfer model code. The results show an excellent agreement between the simulated and the approximated AMF values for solar zenith angle lower than 75 . In addition, the relative differences remain lower than 2% at 85 . These good results are mainly due to the fact that the altitude of the ozone layer assumed constant by the Brewer algorithm for all latitudes notably can be considered representative of the real profile of ozone above Madrid (average value of 21.7{+-}1.8 km). The operational ozone AMF calculations for Brewer instruments are limited, in general, to SZA below 80 . Extending the usable SZA range is especially relevant for Brewer instruments located at high mid-latitudes. (orig.)

  15. Olas de calor e influencia urbana en Madrid y su área metropolitana

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    Fernández García, F.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The frequency and duration of the warmest temperature episodes, a common phenomenon under the continental Mediterranean conditions of the Spanish Southern Meseta, has increased in the Madrid area since the 80´s, although their magnitude remains unchanged. The effect of the urban environment on those extreme events has exacerbated the heat load due to the persistence of the high temperatures along the night time hours. Nevertheless, the diversity of the urban morphology introduces a spatial variability on the strength of this nocturnal heat load, aggravating it in the densely urbanized areas and mitigating it in the vicinities of the green areas.

    La frecuencia y duración de los episodios cálidos extremos, un fenómeno habitual en el clima mediterráneo continental de la Meseta Meridional, ha aumentado en el área de Madrid desde los años noventa, aunque su magnitud permanece constante. En el interior de la aglomeración urbana, el efecto general de la ciudad sobre estos eventos climáticos extremos ha supuesto una exacerbación del calor, no tanto por un aumento de la temperatura máxima, como por una persistencia del calor en las horas nocturnas. No obstante, la diversidad de la morfología urbana introduce variaciones espaciales en la intensidad de este calor nocturno, agravando sus efectos en las áreas densamente urbanizadas y mitigándolos en las proximidades de las áreas verdes.

  16. Varicella and Herpes Zoster in Madrid, based on the Sentinel General Practitioner Network: 1997–2004

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    Gutiérrez-Rodríguez Ángeles

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Varicella (chickenpox is the primary disease caused by varicella-zoster virus. It is extremely contagious and is frequent in children. Indeed, in the absence of vaccination, a high proportion of the population is liable to contract it. Herpes zoster -more frequent among adults- is caused by reactivation of the latent virus. The objective of this study is to describe the status of and time trend for varicella and herpes zoster in the Madrid Autonomous Region prior to the introduction of the vaccine to the general population. Methods Data source: individualised varicella and herpes zoster case records kept by the Madrid Autonomous Region Sentinel General Practitioner Network for the period 1997–2004. Cumulative incidences, crude and standardised incidence rates, and age-specific rates of varicella and herpes zoster were calculated for each year. Kendall's Tau-b correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate whether incidence displayed a time trend. Spectral density in the time series of weekly incidences was estimated using a periodogram. Results Standardised annual varicella incidence rates ranged from 742.5 (95% CI: 687.2 – 797.7 to 1239.6 (95% CI: 1164.5 – 1313.4 cases per 100 000 person-years. Most cases affected children, though complications were more frequent in adults. Varicella incidence displayed an annual periodicity but no trend over time. Most herpes zoster cases occurred at advanced ages, with incidence registering a rising annual trend but no seasonality factor. Conclusion In the absence of vaccination, no significant changes in varicella incidence were in evidence recent years, though these were observed in the incidence of herpes zoster. Sentinel general practitioner networks are a valid instrument for surveillance of diseases such as varicella. Further varicella vaccination-coverage and vaccine-efficacy studies are called for.

  17. Restauración del Teatro Español Madrid-España

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    Editorial, Equipo

    1980-04-01

    Full Text Available In October 1975 the Spanish National Theatre was destroyed by a fire which started on stage and reached a large part of the theatre and the ceiling which, with its great candelabra, collapsed onto the parterre. The Madrid Town Hall, with the cooperation of the Ministry of Culture, performed magnificent restoration work and converted this theatre in one of the most advances in our country, not only regarding its scenery technique — taking maximum advantage of the stage, deepening the pits, establishing new borders and stage machinery, etc. — but also adding some magnificent installations, such as the air conditioning and the sophisticated electronic heat and smoke detector system.

    El Teatro Español, en octubre de 1975, se destruyó por un incendio iniciado en el escenario y que alcanzó una gran parte de la sala y del techo, el cual, con su gran lámpara, se derrumbo sobre el patio de butacas. El Ayuntamiento de Madrid, con la colaboración del Ministerio de Cultura, realizó una magnífica labor de restauración y convirtió este teatro en uno de los más avanzados de nuestro país, no sólo en cuanto a su técnica escénica —aprovechando al máximo el escenario, profundizando los fosos, estableciendo nuevas bambalinas y tramoyas, etc.— sino además añadiéndole unas magnificas instalaciones, tales como la de aire acondicionado y el sofisticado sistema de detectores electrónicos de calor y humo.

  18. Spatially resolved MAXDOAS measurements of Nitrogen Dioxide and Formaldehyde at Madrid (41°N)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puentedura, Olga; Yela, Margarita; Navarro-Comas, Monica; Gomez-Martin, Laura; Garcia-Nieto, David; Benavent, Nuria; Wang, Shanshan; Anguas, Monica; Cuevas, Carlos A.; Saiz-Lopez, Alfonso

    2016-04-01

    A multi-instrumental campaign has been carried out at a polluted environment in the city of Madrid (Spain, 41°N) in order to determinate the distribution of NO2 and HCHO in a South-North axis of the city. The instrumentation was deployed at the terrace of the ICA-CSIC (Institute of Agrarian Sciences) premises located in the North-East part of city which height provides free-horizon observations. The campaign was held during the end of September and beginning of October 2015, being in its most part characterized by a high pressure system located over Madrid with clear skies although at the end of the campaign broken clouds during the late evening and rain was also observed. The instruments involved in the campaign were two MAXDOAS spectrometers, observing towards North and South axis respectively. A CIMEL to obtain AOD total column, a NOx in situ monitor in order to provide NO2 concentration at the level of the observations and a weather station. During the beginning and in the middle of the campaign, both MAXDOAS spectrometers were deployed to observe the same air-mass in order to assess the consistency of measurements when both instruments are observing different air-masses. Observations show a different daily pattern in the South-North axis of the city probably related to the distribution of population, the industrial activities and traffic. Observed columns at the level of the observations are always greater towards South, except during the weekend, when an increasing on NO2 columns is observed northwards. A more detailed discussion of the differences in the North-South observations in HCHO and NO2 is presented in this work.

  19. La Gazeta de Madrid y la Guerra de Sucesión

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    María Rosa CAL MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El artículo estudia el papel que desempeñó la Gazeta de Madrid durante la Guerra de Sucesión en España, tema inédito. Desde el siglo XVII las Cortes europeas disponían de publicaciones periódicas que amparaban o subvencionaban a cambio de controlar los contenidos y de que en ellas apareciesen todas las noticias que favoreciesen a las diversas Coronas. En España la primera Gazeta a favor de la monarquía surgió también en el siglo XVII fue una concesión del rey Felipe IV a su hijo bastardo Juan José de Austria. Es esta misma Gazeta (tras pasar por diferentes vicisitudes, la que recoge los acontecimientos de 1701 a 1714. Como vamos a comprobar, la publicación silencia las derrotas y los desastres, y magnifica las victorias y los éxitos de las tropas reales; y deja muy claro quiénes eran los amigos del monarca.ABSTRACT: This article studies the role that la Gazeta de Madrid had during the Spanish Succession War, a subject that has not been investigated before. Since the XVII century, European Courts had periodical publications that were supported or funded to control the information. Therefore, these publications only printed news approved by the Spanish Royalty and that favoured the different Crowns. In Spain, this first royalist Gazette in favour of monarchy also began in the XVII century and was a concession of Felipe IV to his bastard son, Juan José de Austria. This is also the Gazette, after different problems were overcome, that published information about the 1701-14 events. As we can see, the gazette remains silent about the defeats and magnifies the triumphs and successes of the royal troops, and gives a clear idea of who were the monarch’s friends.

  20. Edificio de «La Caixa» Madrid – España

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    Bosch Aymerich, José M.

    1980-10-01

    Full Text Available This eight-storey building, for «La Caixa», occupies a city block on the downtown avenue of Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid. The lower floors have cants on their four corners, which fade away gradually giving the building a more original note. All of the floors are developed about a central core, and the lower floors are to be used for «La Caixa» needs. The foundations were carried out on the basis of reinforced concrete piles. Metal pillars were used for the structure, and the flooring system was on the basis of a continuous reinforced slab. The exterior of the building was executed in the form of an aluminium curtain wall, with finishing touches in a U shape which break up the glazed surface.

    Este edificio de ocho plantas, destinado a «La Caixa», ocupa una manzana en el céntrico Paseo de la Castellana de Madrid. Las plantas Inferiores presentan chaflanes en sus cuatro esquinas, los cuales van desapareciendo progresivamente ganando así el edificio en originalidad. Todas las plantas, de las cuales las inferiores están destinadas al servicio de «La Caixa», se desarrollan en torno a un núcleo central. La cimentación se realizó a base de pilotes de hormigón armado. Para la estructura se emplearan pilares metálicos y el sistema de forjado a base de una losa continua armada. Se adoptó para las fachadas la solución de un muro cortina de aluminio, con remates en forma de U que cortan la superficie acristalada.

  1. Edificio de oficinas en el paseo de recoletos. Madrid/España

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    Andrada Pfeiffer, R.

    1988-02-01

    Full Text Available The projected building is an attempt to respond to the problems resulting from the construction of a modern office building in a significant, characteristic and consolidated urban environment of Madrid. Among the problems considered by the authors are their relationship with the existing medium-sized buildings, as well as location (the corner of a consolidated block on the avenue-axis Castellana-Recoletos, arquitectonic language (composition of façades, and construction and construction materials (stone and glass. Therefore, the building is conceived from a plan of necessities (offices set in "landscape floors", and as an expression of its urban location, in an area whose uniqueness and importance themselves have suggested the shapes, the materials and their expression.

    El proyecto intentó dar respuesta a los problemas que plantea la construcción de un edificio moderno de oficinas en un entorno urbano muy significativo, característico y consolidado de Madrid. Se han valorado tanto los problemas de enlace con los edificios medianeros, como los problemas de situación (esquina de una manzana consolidada en el paseo o eje Castellana-Recoletos, los problemas de lenguaje arquitectónico (composición de las fachadas y los de su construcción y sus materiales (piedra y cristal. Por tanto, se concibe el edificio a partir del programa de necesidades (oficinas en "planta paisaje", como expresión de su situación urbana, en un entorno cuya singularidad e importancia, han ido sugiriendo las formas, los materiales y su expresión.

  2. Nueva sede del banco hipotecario de España. Madrid. España

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    González Pérez, José Ignacio

    1989-02-01

    Full Text Available The new office building of the Banco Hipotecario de España (Mortgage Bank of Spain located in downtown Madrid at 12 Paseo de Recoletos, is one of the most characteristic examples of a determinate construction procedure in this city. The original façades of the building were preserved and restored due to the necessity of taking into account the urban landscape. Stabilizing scaffolding and gunite in the interior of said façades were used in the restoration process. Because of the necessity of clearing and removing earth from the lot to construct three basements, as well as the presence of joint party walls, core walls and perimetre piles with antifuniculars for shoring up were also constructed. This new building meets all the needs of a modern bank, being equipped with an automated management and control system.

    El nuevo edificio de oficinas para el Banco Hipotecario de España, situado en el centro de Madrid en el paseo de Recoletos, n° 12, constituye un ejemplo característico en la ciudad de un determinado proceso constructivo. La obligada consideración del paisaje urbano ha tenido como consecuencia la conservación y restauración de las fachadas del edificio primitivo. En el proceso se han utilizado andamios estabilizadores y gunitado interior de dichas fachadas. La necesidad de vaciar el solar para construir tres sótanos, así como la presencia de las medianerías colindantes, han conllevado la construcción de muros pantallas y pilotes perimetrales con antifuniculares de arriostramiento. El nuevo edificio responde a las necesidades de un banco moderno, así pues va dotado de un sistema automatizado de gestión y control.

  3. La enfermera en el monumento madrileño (1908-1936 The nurse in Madrid`s monuments (1908 - 1936

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    Mª Teresa Miralles-Sangro

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available La entrada de España en la Edad Contemporánea fechada en 1.808 se caracterizó por grandes cambios, conflictos sociopolíticos, económicos y culturales que se mantuvieron a lo largo de todo el siglo XIX alargándose en el tiempo hasta completar el primer tercio del siguiente, del siglo XX. En este periodo analizamos la influencia de la enfermera a través de su presencia en el monumento público o privado, como señal de reconocimiento social. El objetivo será examinar los monumentos femeninos de Madrid, tratando de descubrir aquellos que representan la imagen de la enfermera. Elegimos este marco cronológico por dos aspectos: por un lado, porque es en el siglo XIX donde arranca la enfermería como profesión y por otro lado, porque se considera en esta misma época, la aparición del monumento, como elemento figurativo de las ciudades. Como resultado de nuestra investigación, se describe el monumento a la Duquesa de la Victoria (datación, procedencia y estilo artístico, con quien se identificó el cuerpo de enfermeras de la Cruz Roja y en la que se destacó la labor llevada a cabo junto a "los soldados heridos y enfermos en la campaña de Marruecos". Realizando así el análisis iconográfico de un monumento relacionado con los cuidados de enfermería; identificación del tema iconográfico, contextualización histórica e interpretación iconológica. Puede servirnos como conclusión la idea de que pocas eran las posibilidades que las enfermeras tenían en aquellos años para poder sobresalir en el entramado social, pero que se supo aprovechar el momento haciéndose merecedoras del reconocimiento social que posteriormente daría paso a la estructura y desarrollo de una educación regulada y con reconocimiento universitario.The Contemporary Era saw its beginnings in Spain in 1808. This brought great changes and socio-political, economical and cultural conflicts. These lasted through the XIXth Century and did not see their end until the

  4. Assessment of the Atmospheric Suspended Particles Pollution in the Madrid Air Quality Networks; Evaluacion de la Contaminacion Atmosferica producida por Particulas en Suspension en las Redes de Calidad del Aire de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salvador, P.; Artinano, B.

    2000-07-01

    Suspended particles are a very complex type of atmospheric pollution because of their chemical composition and size. In fact, there are a quite high number of particles sources which are linked to different physico-chemical processes that determine their size. At present particles smaller than 10 {mu}m are considered the most dangerous, as has been recently pointed out by numerous epidemiologic studies. In this way, more restrictive concentration limit values have been approved in the EU countries, so an assessment of present airborne concentration values and the sources apportionment in their most representative areas is needed. In the Madrid Community a first approaching of these and other aims, has been carried out from an analysis of the Madrid Air Quality networks data. This will contribute to the stablishment of concentration levels abatement strategies. (Author) 111 refs.

  5. Catálogo de los Reptiles procedentes de la Comunidad de Madrid (España) que se conservan en el Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

    OpenAIRE

    González Fernández, J. E.

    2006-01-01

    A complete catalogue of reptiles found in Comunidad de Madrid (Spain) is provided in this paper. The catalogue is taxonomically indexed and listed in alphabetical order including all basic data. It includes all information available in card files and old collection books of the MNCN. We have confirmed which reptiles in the current collection appear as being collected in Madrid, in old records, catalogue books and collection cards in the collection of amphibians and reptiles of the MNCN. The i...

  6. Vivir y morir en Madrid: la vivienda como factor determinante del estado de salud de la población madrileña (1874-1923)

    OpenAIRE

    Huertas, Rafael

    2002-01-01

    This paper analyses the role of housing as determining factor for the welfare of Madrid's population during the change of the XIXth century to the XXth century. Through medical reports and the contributions of hygienists and social physicians, it will be demonstrated that unhealthy housing in Madrid became a negative factor for the mortality and the morbidity of its residents, in such a way that it made physicians, town planners, and politicians to be preocupied. It will also be discussed how...

  7. Evaluation of compliance with the self-regulation agreement of the food and drink vending machine sector in primary schools in Madrid, Spain, in 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel A. Royo-Bordonada; María A. Martínez-Huedo

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate compliance with the self-regulation agreement of the food and drink vending machine sector in primary schools in Madrid, Spain. Methods: Cross-sectional study of the prevalence of vending machines in 558 primary schools in 2008. Using the directory of all registered primary schools in Madrid, we identified the presence of machines by telephone interviews and evaluated compliance with the agreement by visiting the schools and assessing accessibility, type of publicit...

  8. Physico-chemical quality of drinking water in the northwest area of Madrid (Spain); Calidad fisico-quimica de las aguas de abastecimiento de la zona noroeste de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Mata, M.; Orzaez Villanueva, M. T.; Tenorio Sanz, M. D.; Garcia Puertas, P. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain); Montes Boltella, C. [Universidad Carlos III. Leganes Madrid (Spain)

    2001-07-01

    A physico-chemical analytical study of the edible waters of the northwest area of Madrid has been made. The object was to evaluate the quality characters of this water thought the water analysis of 40 representative buildings. The parameters analyzed were odour, taste, turbidity, pH, conductivity, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, oxid ability and chlorine. The results show the analyzed waters agree with the current public consume waters legislation through with some punctual exceptions. (Author) 13 refs.

  9. Water management of the Retiro and Casa de Campo lakes in Madrid; Control de la calidad del agua de estanques urbanos recreativos. Ensayos en el Estanque Grande del Retiro y el Lago de la Casa de Campo (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romo Perez, S. [Universidad de Valencia (Spain); Benito Igualador, E. [Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Spain); Becares Mantecon, E. [Universidad de Leon (Spain)

    1998-07-01

    The effects of aluminium sulphate on the water quality of the Retiro and Casa de Campo lakes in Madrid during 1992 and 1993 are reported. Results revealed that this technique improved water quality only for short term periods. The technique mostly reduced nutrients concentrations, but resulted almost inefficient for micro algal control. Some guidelines are given in order to get long-term results for water management of urban lakes. (Author) 15 Refs.

  10. Evaluation of atmospheric pollution in the soils in Madrid: the critical load concept; Evaluacion del impacto que la contaminacion atmosferica origina en los suelos de la comunidad de Madrid: El concepto de cargas criticas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Cabrero, B.; Jimenez Ballesta, R.; Gutierrez Marota, A. [Departamento de Quimica Agricola, Geologia y Geoquimica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    1995-07-01

    The increase of industrial activities in the origin of atmospheric emissions and damage in the earth. In order to calculate the effective control of SO{sub {sup .}} NO{sub x}, NH{sub 3} a new concept is proposed the critical loads. This concept was proposed by Nilsson and Grennfelt to calculate this acidification load in the ecosystem without damage ecological effects. This article presents the critical load in the soils of Madrid.

  11. The Madrid Royal Schools of St. Elisabeth and Loreto according Constitutions of 1715 and 1718 Los Reales Colegios de Santa Isabel y Loreto de Madrid según sus constituciones de 1715 y 1718

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz COMELLA GUTIÉRREZ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto were founded by Philip II at the end of 16th Century. Both institutions provided education for orphan girls. They still exist as Catholic coeducational schools granted by the Education Department. These two Schools were Royal Sponsorship belonging to Palace ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The Schools Constitutions sanctioned by Philip V have been preserved until now. Although these Schools have a parallel history, the mentioned Constitutions are completely different for each School. According to these Norms, the Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto have many differences between them.Los Reales Colegios de Santa Isabel y Loreto de Madrid para niñas huérfanas fueron fundados por Felipe II a finales del siglo XVI. Ambas instituciones siguen funcionando en la actualidad como centros educativos católicos mixtos y concertados. Los dos fueron patronatos reales pertenecientes a la jurisdicción eclesiástica de Palacio. Se han conservado las Constituciones de ambos aprobadas bajo el reinado de Felipe V. Aunque los Colegios tienen una historia paralela, la citada normativa es muy diferente para cada institución; según las Constituciones, Santa Isabel y Loreto tienen más aspectos diferenciadores que comunes.

  12. Building a panel data set on fuel stations located in the Spanish regional areas of Madrid and Barcelona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaguer, Jacint; Ripollés, Jordi

    2016-06-01

    The data described in this article were collected daily over the period June 10, 2010, to November 25, 2012, from the website of the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism. The database includes information about fuel stations regarding to their prices (both gross and net of taxes), brand, location (latitude and longitude), and postal code in the Spanish provinces of Madrid and Barcelona. Moreover, obtaining the postal codes has allowed us to select those stations that are operating within the metropolitan areas of Madrid and Barcelona. By considering those fuel stations that uninterruptedly provided prices during the entire period, the data can be especially useful to explore the dynamics of prices in fuel markets. This is the case of Balaguer and Ripollés (2016), "Asymmetric fuel price responses under heterogeneity" [1], who, taking into account the presence of the potential heterogeneity of the behaviour of fuel stations, used this statistical information to perform an analysis on asymmetric fuel price responses.

  13. Differences of diurnal variations of some aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons concentrations in aerosol of the urban area of Madrid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study on daily concentration changes of polycyclic aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons (PAH's and AH's), was carried out in aerosols sampled in the Ciudad Universitaria of Madrid. Samples were taken at morning and night during February and June, for short sampling times, on glass fiber filters in Hi-Vol samplers, and then extracted ultrasonically with cyclohexane. Analysis were performed by HRGC with fused-silica capillary columns. The variable traffic rate, and the strong influence during winter periods of domestic heating are characteristic of this place. The aim of this work was to evaluate diurnal and seasonal variations of selected AH and PAH in the urban area of Madrid, by using descriptive parameters, such as total concentrations of AH and PAH, characteristic profiles and predominance carbon index. From these results, it has been tried to identify emission sources of the studied hydrocarbons. (Author). 10 refs

  14. ELTRABAJO EN ELAULA Y LA COMPETENCIA DIGITAL EN EL MODELO 1A1 DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Sánchez Antolín

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un análisis del tipo de competencia digital incorporada por los estudiantes de primeros cursos de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria de la Comunidad de Madrid cuyos centros participan en un programa 1a1 de introducción de un ordenador por estudiante. La metodología es un estudio intercasos. Hay observaciones de aula, entrevistas al profesorado observado, encuesta a estudiantes y análisis documental relevante. Se observan diferentes procesos de alfabetización para una competencia digital según la experiencia en proyectos con tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC de los profesores participantes. Asimismo, se observan pequeños espacios de resistencia y de cambio al modelo 1a1 impulsado en Madrid.

  15. La fábrica de cervezas "El Águila" de Madrid/España

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    Gutiérrez Marcos, J.

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available "El Águila" beer factory of Madrid presents a high interest. On one hand, it emphasizes their formal values, which are characteristic of the constructive Spanish model of the first quarter of this century; on the other it represents the adaptation of a changing industrial process along its history. The architecture makes itself clearly dependent of its function, of its use, with a remarkable response.

    La fábrica de cervezas "El Águila" de Madrid presenta un alto interés. Por un lado, destacan sus valores, característicos del modelo constructivo español del primer cuarto de este siglo; por otro, representa la adaptación de la arquitectura a un proceso industrial cambiante a lo largo de su historia. La arquitectura se hace claramente dependiente de su función, del uso albergado, con una notable respuesta.

  16. The Potential impacts of electric vehicles on air quality in the urban areas of Barcelona and Madrid (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Soret Miravet, Albert; Guevara Vilardell, Marc; Baldasano Recio, José María

    2014-01-01

    This work analyses the potential air quality improvements resulting from three fleet electrification scenarios (similar to 13, 26 and 40%) by replacing conventional vehicles with Electric Battery Vehicles (EBVs), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs). This study has been performed for the cities of Barcelona and Madrid (Spain), where road transport is the primary emission source. In these urban areas, several air quality problems are present, mainly rela...

  17. Las religiosas de las Descalzas Reales de Madrid en los siglos XVI-XX: fuentes archivísticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilacoba Ramos, Karen Mª

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The Monastery of the Royal Barefooted (Descalzas Reales of Madrid turned into one of the most important religious centers of Madrid in the Ancient Régime. Its links with the royal family from its foundation, together with the profession of out-standing women both from the royal family and from important noble families of the time, allowed the Institution to acquire the above mentioned relevancy in religious celebrations and in different civil events. In this area, it is of great interest to know in depth the nuns that were members of this community. The purpose of this study is to reconstruct the relation of the nuns that professed in the Monastery from its foundation to the first years of the 20th century, using for this task new archive sources.

    El Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales de Madrid se convirtió en uno de los centros religiosos más importantes del Madrid del Antiguo Régimen. Su vinculación con la familia Real desde el momento de su fundación, junto con la profesión de destacadas mujeres tanto de la familia Real como de importantes familias nobles de la época, le permitió adquirir dicha relevancia en celebraciones religiosas al igual que en diferentes eventos civiles. En este ámbito, resulta de gran interés conocer las religiosas que fueron miembros de esta comunidad. El propósito de este estudio es, reconstruir la relación de las monjas que profesaron en el cenobio clariano desde sus inicios a los primeros años del siglo XX, a través de nuevas fuentes archivísticas.

  18. Air conditioning in the region of Madrid, Spain: an approach to electricity consumption, economics and CO₂emissions

    OpenAIRE

    Izquierdo, Marcelo; Moreno-Rodríguez, A.; González-Gil, A.; García-Hernando, Néstor

    2011-01-01

    An understanding of electricity consumption due to residential air conditioning (AC) may improve production and environmental impact strategy design. This article reports on a study of peak and seasonal electricity consumption for residential air conditioning in the region of Madrid, Spain. Consumption was assessed by simulating the operation of AC units at the outdoor summer temperature characteristics of central Spain. AC unit performance when operating under part load conditions in keep...

  19. Overlapping of pedogenesis and meteoric diagenesis in distal alluvial and shallow lacustrine deposits in the Madrid Miocene Basin, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Bustillo, María Ángeles; Alonso-Zarza, Ana María

    2007-01-01

    The Miocene distal alluvial fan and palustrine deposits of the Madrid Basin (Paracuellos de Jarama area) were examined to establish the sequence of its pedogenic–diagenetic processes and the main factors controlling them. In this area the diagenetic processes operated not only on carbonates, as commonly studied, but also in high magnesium clays and opaline cherts. This paper provides a dynamic model for saline–alkaline lake margins that complements the existing freshwater palustrine ...

  20. Organization and management of building-site of central station on high-speed line Madrid-Barcelona French border.

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Puig, Manel

    2009-01-01

    The thesis is about the organization and management of a construction site. The original project is the construction of the Central Station, high-speed line Madrid- Barcelona-French border. Because of the magnitude of the work, has been determined to split the building site into two phases. In a first phase, carrying out the works relating to access to the station and car park, in a second phase, the works related to the railway station and the platform. In the following ...

  1. Prevalencia de consumo de tabaco entre las medicas y enfermeras de la comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Ruiz Mª Luisa

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: El tabaquismo es responsable de una elevada mortalidad y morbilidad en nuestro pais. El tabaquismo de los profesionales de la salud tiene influencia sobre los hábitos de la población. En España, el tabaquismo esta incrementándose entre las mujeres. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es estudiar la prevalencia de consumo de tabaco entre las médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid, así como sus actitudes y conocimientos respecto al tabaquismo. MÉTODOS: Se ha realizado un estudio descriptivo transversal entre las mujeres profesionales de la salud (médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid, mediante una encuesta sobre hábito tabáquico, en un muestreo polietápico por conglomerados. RESULTADOS: Se han estudiado 1.235 profesionales ( 435 médicas y 800 enfermeras. El 43,07% del total son fumadoras, siendo el tabaquismo mayor en las enfermeras (47,62% que en las médicas (34,71%, y entre quienes trabajan en atención especializada (46,68% que entre las que lo hacen en atención primaria (35,29%. El tabaquismo fue diferente en ambas profesiones.según la edad En las médicas era menor tabaquismo en las edades entre 20 y 30 años (22,88%, y en las enfermeras este grupo de edad era el que tenia un mayor porcentaje de fumadoras (52,38%. Eran exfumadoras el 18,3% del total de las encuestadas, y el 64,65% de las que fumaban señalaron que habían intentado dejarlo. Un 2,93% fumaban delante de los/as pacientes, y un 14,94% pensaban que debía permitirse fumar en las salas de espera. El 27,46% creían que estaba permitido fumar en su area de trabajo, y el 90,64% señaló que se fumaba habitualmente en las salas de uso común del personal sanitario, y un 30,37% respondió que existía un lugar especifico para fumar en el centro de trabajo. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de tabaquismo entre las profesionales de la salud, médicas y enfermeras, de la Comunidad de Madrid, es elevada, superior a la de la población general de igual edad

  2. Las sociedades musicales en el Madrid de Isabel II (1833-1868

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diez Huerga, M. Aurelia

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available After the fall of the monarchist absolutism, the middle class, whom the economic liberalism gives an unprecedented strength, demands new entertainments, new places to make profitable social relationships and, definitely, new ways to show their influence and power. On the other hand, the shift of political rules allows people to express and gather, even if with some restrictions, and opens the door to the progressive democratization of society, with its cultural consequences. That ensemble of factors leads to the appearance of many different institutions but with a constant feature: the defence of the liberal ideas, the good fellowship and communication among individuals (which includes the recreational side, the cultural divulging and artistic expression. It is at this point that establishments with both musical and educational activity must be taken into account. This essay intends to go through organizations such as Liceo Artístico y Literario, Instituto Español, La Unión, Museo Lírico, El Genio and many other artistic societies which proliferated during the 1830s and 1840s, centres with an intense social and musical activity in Madrid during Isabel II's era. Their influence in this area must be underlined, as devoted to promote performance, composition and, which is highly important, music instruction. The selected society of Madrid could be found there, gathered to learn music rudiments, singing and playing as well as to listen to the repertory in vogue at that time and to take part itself in its performance.

    Tras la caída del absolutismo monárquico, la burguesía, a quien el liberalismo económico dota de una pujanza sin precedentes, demanda nuevos entretenimientos, nuevos espacios para granjearse relaciones sociales convenientes y, en definitiva, nuevas formas para ostentar su influencia y poder. Por otra parte, el cambio de régimen político abre las puertas a las libertades de expresión y de reunión, aunque sea con

  3. Use of archaeology to date liquefaction features and seismic events in the new madrid seismic zone, Central United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttle, M.P.; Lafferty, R. H.; Guccione, M.J.; Schweig, E. S.; Lopinot, N.; Cande, R.F.; Dyer-Williams, K.; Haynes, M.

    1996-01-01

    Prehistoric earthquake-induced liquefaction features occur in association with Native American occupation horizons in the New Madrid seismic zone. Age control of these liquefaction features, including sand-blow deposits, sand-blow craters, and sand dikes, can be accomplished by extensive sampling and flotation processing of datable materials as well as archaeobotanical analysis of associated archaeological horizons and pits. This approach increases both the amount of carbon for radiocarbon dating and the precision dating of artifact assemblages. Using this approach, we dated liquefaction features at four sites northwest of Blytheville, Arkansas, and found that at least one significant earthquake occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone between A.D. 1180 and 1400, probably about A.D. 1300 ?? 100 yr. In addition, we found three buried sand blows that formed between 3340 B.C. and A.D. 780. In this region where very large to great earthquakes appear to be closely timed, archaeology is helping to develop a paleoearthquake chronology for the New Madrid seismic zone. ?? 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  4. Capacidad innovadora de la Comunidad de Madrid a partir de las patentes concedidas entre 1996 y 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lascurain, M. Luisa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is focused on analysing the patent activity of the Madrid Community taking into account the economic and human resources assigned to cover its R&D&I activities, as well as assessing the importance of the Madrid Community’s patenting activity compared to Spain. The analysis covers patents awarded during the period 1996-2007 and included in the INVENES database of the Spanish Patent and Trade Mark Offi ce.

    El objetivo del presente trabajo es conocer algunas de las características de la actividad patentadora de la Comunidad de Madrid y analizar su relación con los recursos humanos y materiales que se dedican en dicha comunidad a las actividades de I+D+i, así como conocer el peso de esta actividad en la CM respecto al conjunto de España. Para ello, se han analizado las patentes concedidas entre 1996 y 2007 recogidas en la base de datos INVENES de la Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas.

  5. Dietary patterns and quality in West-African immigrants in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vioque Jesús

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Eating patterns of immigrants deserve to be better documented because they may reflect the extent of acculturation and associated health risks. The study assessed dietary patterns and quality in Bubi immigrants (from Equatorial Guinea using cluster analysis and comparing different diet quality indexes. Methods A random sample of 83 Bubi men and 130 women living in Madrid were studied. A 99-item food frequency questionnaire was administered, body weights and heights were self-reported and socio-demographic and health information was collected during interviews. Usual intakes were collapsed into 19 food groups. Cluster analysis of standardized food intakes per 1000 kcalories was performed. Dietary quality was appraised using the Alternative Mediterranean Diet Score, the Alternative Healthy Eating Index and scores of micronutrient adequacy and prevention based on WHO/FAO recommendations. Results Two dietary patterns were identified. The 'Healthier' pattern, so confirmed by two dietary quality indexes, featured a higher consumption of fish, fruits, vegetables, legumes, dairy products and bread while the 'Western' pattern included more processed meat, animal fat, and sweetened foods and drinks. One third of the subjects were in the 'Healthier' food cluster, with the same proportion of men and women. Age ≥ 30 and residence in Madrid ≥ 11 years were independently associated with the healthier diet. Consumption of traditional foods was unrelated to dietary pattern, however. Overall, Bubi diets were somewhat protective because of high intakes of fruits and vegetables and monounsaturated fat (olive oil, but not with respect to sugar, cholesterol, omega-3 fatty acids and fibre. Less than two thirds of subjects had adequate intakes of iron, calcium and folate in both dietary phenotypes. Body mass index, physical exercise, and self-reported health and cardiovascular disease condition showed no significant association with the dietary

  6. PATRONES DE TRANSMISIÓN DE LA TUBERCULOSIS EN UN ÁREA SANITARIA DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Iñigo Martínez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La aplicación de las técnicas de epidemiología molecular en el estudio de la tuberculosis puede permitir identificar los patrones de transmisión de la enfermedad. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido estimar la incidencia de tuberculosis asociada a transmisión reciente en Madrid e identificar los factores de riesgo que permitan definir patrones de transmisión. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo poblacional de tres años de duración en pacientes diagnosticados de tuberculosis mediante cultivo en cuatro distritos de Madrid (550.442 habitantes. La descripción de los patrones de transmisión se realizó mediante la investigación epidemiológica convencional y las técnicas moleculares (análisis de fragmentos de restricción de longitud polimórfica –RFLP– con IS6110 y spoligotyping. Resultados: Se realizó RFLP en 233 aislados clínicos de Mycobacterium tuberculosis, de los que 99 (42,5% estaban agrupados en 29 clusters. El grupo más numeroso lo formaban 134 enfermos infectados por cepas de M. tuberculosiscon patrón RFLP único. Su media de edad era 48,3 años (DE 19,4 y el 17,2% presentaba un factor de riesgo de reactivación endógena. Entre los casos agrupados se identificaron dos patrones de transmisión.El primero de ellosincluía a 57 enfermos pertenecientes a 23 clusterspequeños (2-4 casos, de los que 25 (43,9% estaban conectados epidemiológicamente con otro caso de su mismo cluster. El segundo lo formaban 42 pacientes agrupados en 6 clustersgrandes (5 casos o más. La media de edad era de 31,4 años (DE 15,8, el 28,6% eran usuarios de drogas inyectadas, el 31% estaban infectados por el VIH, y el 26,2% tenían antecedentes de estancia en prisión. Conclusiones: La identificación de patrones de transmisión de la tuberculosis utilizando técnicas de biología molecular permite detectar grupos de población susceptibles de actuación preferente en los programas de prevención y control.

  7. La vulnerabilidad en el Área Urbana de Madrid. 1991-2001

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    Iván Rodríguez Suárez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEste artículo analiza la evolución de las áreas con población vulnerable y la segregación residencial del Área Urbana de Madrid (AUM entre los años 1991 y 2001. La investigación se realiza mediante el análisis de dos índices utilizados anteriormente en la medición de la desigualdad urbana y la segregación espacial (HERNÁNDEZ AJA, 2009: el índice de población analfabeta y sin estudios, y el índice de viviendas sin retrete o cuarto de aseo. En el periodo de estudio observado ambos índices experimentaron mejoras significativas en escalas de agregación espacial nacional, regional o de área urbana (INE, 2004. Sin embargo, en este trabajo se refleja que la distribución de estas mejoras a escalas municipales e inframunicipales no es homogénea: en este periodo se incrementaron los desequilibrios internos en el AUM y éstos responden a patrones espaciales diferenciados para los municipios de la corona metropolitana y el municipio central del AUM.Palabras claveVulnerabilidad urbana, segregación residencial, áreas metropolitanas, geografía urbana de la desigualdad, corona metropolitana.AbstractThis article analyzes the evolution of vulnerable areas and residential segregation in Madrid Urban Area (AUM between 1991 and 2001. Research is conducted by analyzing two indices previously used in measuring urban inequality and spatial segregation (HERNÁNDEZ AJA, 2009: the rate of illiterate and uneducated population, and the rate of households without toilet or shower room. In the study period observed both indices experienced significant improvements in spatial aggregation scales of national, regional or urban areas (INE, 2004. However, this paper shows that the distribution of these improvements to municipal and inframunicipal scales is not homogeneous: in this period increased internal imbalances in AUM and they respond to different spatial patterns for the municipalities of the metropolitan and AUM central municipality

  8. Perfiles paleokarsticos en el techo de la unidad intermedia del mioceno de la cuenca de Madrid

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    Calvo, J. P.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available An intra-Vallesian (Upper Miocene paleokarst developed at the top of the Intermediate Miocene Unit in the continental Madrid basin is recognized. This paleokarst is a early shallow, tabular-shaped karst that shows a marked control by the depositional facies pattern and lithologies. By integrating morphological, petrological and geochemica1 data, three hydrogeological or environmental zones have been established throughout the paleokarstic profiles: (i a vadose zone, characterized by vertically elongated caves and discontinuous speleothems and vadose cements (ii a 3-7 m thick water table fringe, characterized by the wide development of stratiform breccia bodies, the superimposition of both vadose and phreatic features, and the lowest Fe and Mn contents in host-rock carbonates; and (iii a phreatic zone characterized by an increase of 6I3C values and the predominance of phreatic cementation. The paleogeographic reconstruction for the intra-Vallesian paleokarst using paleokarstic profiles reveals relative topographic highs to the north and topographic lows to the south drawing the paleokarst landscape.En el techo de la Unidad Intermedia del Mioceno de la Cuenca de Madrid se ha desarrollado un paleokarst temprano, somero y de forma tabular que muestra un marcado control litológico y del dispositivo de facies deposicionales en su génesis. Integrando criterios geomorfológicos, petrográficos y geoquímicos se ha establecido una zonación hidrogeológica en los perfiles paleokársticos estudiados, diferenciándose: (i una zona vadosa caracterizada por la existencia de cavidades alargadas en la vertical tapizadas discontinuamente por espeleotemas y otros cementos vadosos; (ii una franja de oscilación del nivel freático de unos 3-7 metros de espesor, caracterizado por el desarrollo extensivo de cuerpos brechoides estratiformes, la yuxtaposición de cementos vadosos y freáticos y los contenidos más bajos en Fe y Mn en el material encajante, y (iii

  9. La gestión del conocimiento en la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

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    Conde Lázaro, Carlos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the uniqueness of its origin and creation, the Polytechnic University of Madrid has developed procedures to identify, manage and share the intellectual assets of its members. The main goal is to exploit its knowledge resources to reach a better position in an increasingly competitive context, with the expectation of attracting good students, getting greater research resources and achieving a higher international standing. This article describes the main activities and achievements that have been developed along different points of view. First, we have to consider the educational resources such as: efforts to improve the integration of new students, the development of generic skills or the implementation of virtual and remote laboratories accessible through the Internet. Second, there are those related to the management of spaces and organizational structures such as: the creation of Educational Innovation Teams or the development of innovation policies. Third, we present the information systems such as: the DataWare- House or the data collected from the application of questionnaires to the staff or the students. Finally and especially, we can’t forget the people as an irreplaceable element in the process of knowledge management. We have tried to maintain a comprehensive approach combining the ability to manage information and resources with the ability of humans to create and innovate.

    Partiendo de una situación singular en lo referente a su origen y creación, la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid ha desarrollado procedimientos para identificar, ordenar y compartir los activos intelectuales de sus miembros con el fin de explotar sus recursos de conocimiento y competir en un entorno universitario cada vez más competitivo en la captación de buenos estudiantes, recursos de investigación y posición internacional. En este artículo se describen las principales actuaciones y logros que se han desarrollado desde el punto de

  10. Proceedings of the Spanish Conference on e-Science Grid Computing. March 1-2, 2007. Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casado, J. (ed.); Mayo, R. (ed.); Munoz, R. (ed.)

    2007-07-01

    The Spanish Conference on e-Science Grid Computing and the EGEE-EELA Industrial Day (http://webrt.ciemat.es:8000/e-science/index.html) are the first edition of this open forum for the integration of Grid Technologies and its applications in the Spanish community. It has been organised by CIEMAT and CETA-CIEMAT, sponsored by IBM and HP and supported by the European Community through their funded projects EELA, EUChinaGrid and EUMedGrid. To all of them, the conference is very grateful. e-Science is the concept that defines those activities developed by using geographically distributed resources, which scientists (or whoever) can access through the Internet. However, commercial Internet does not fulfil resources such as calculus and massive storage -most frequently in demand in the field of e-Science- since they require high-speed networks devoted to research. These networks, alongside the collaborative work applications developed within them, are creating an ideal scenario for interaction among researchers. Thus, this technology that interconnects a huge variety of computers, information repositories, applications software and scientific tools will change the society in the next few years. The science, industry and services systems will benefit from his immense capacity of computation that will improve the quality of life and the well-being of citizens. The future generation of technologies, which will reach all of these areas in society, such as research, medicine, engineering, economy and entertainment will be based on integrated computers and networks, rendering a very high quality of services and applications through a friendly interface. The conference aims at becoming a liaison framework between Spanish and International developers and users of e-Science applications and at implementing these technologies in Spain. It intends to be a forum where the state of the art of different European projects on e- Science is shown, as well as developments in the research

  11. Proceedings of the Spanish Conference on e-Science Grid Computing. March 1-2, 2007. Madrid (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Spanish Conference on e-Science Grid Computing and the EGEE-EELA Industrial Day (http://webrt.ciemat.es:8000/e-science/index.html) are the first edition of this open forum for the integration of Grid Technologies and its applications in the Spanish community. It has been organised by CIEMAT and CETA-CIEMAT, sponsored by IBM and HP and supported by the European Community through their funded projects EELA, EUChinaGrid and EUMedGrid. To all of them, the conference is very grateful. e-Science is the concept that defines those activities developed by using geographically distributed resources, which scientists (or whoever) can access through the Internet. However, commercial Internet does not fulfil resources such as calculus and massive storage -most frequently in demand in the field of e-Science- since they require high-speed networks devoted to research. These networks, alongside the collaborative work applications developed within them, are creating an ideal scenario for interaction among researchers. Thus, this technology that interconnects a huge variety of computers, information repositories, applications software and scientific tools will change the society in the next few years. The science, industry and services systems will benefit from his immense capacity of computation that will improve the quality of life and the well-being of citizens. The future generation of technologies, which will reach all of these areas in society, such as research, medicine, engineering, economy and entertainment will be based on integrated computers and networks, rendering a very high quality of services and applications through a friendly interface. The conference aims at becoming a liaison framework between Spanish and International developers and users of e-Science applications and at implementing these technologies in Spain. It intends to be a forum where the state of the art of different European projects on e- Science is shown, as well as developments in the research

  12. Uso de Psicofármacos en prisión (CP Madrid III The use of psychotropic drugs in prison (CP Madrid III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Varela-González

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available El uso de psicofármacos en el entorno de atención primaria está aumentando exponencialmente y el medio penitenciario no constituye una excepción a esta tendencia. Con alguna frecuencia estos tratamientos se prescriben buscando utilidades terapéuticas en relación con trastornos de personalidad, dependencias y conductas disfuncionales que no han sido aceptadas como indicaciones (uso compasivo. El presente estudio ha permitido una descripción pormenorizada del uso de psicofármacos en el Centro Penitenciario (CP Madrid III, uno de los centros con menor gasto farmacéutico de la Comunidad Autónoma. Durante dos semanas se registraron todas las prescripciones de psicofármacos junto con diversos parámetros que pudiesen resultar condicionantes. Un 23,46% de la población recibía algún tipo de psicofármaco; el 76% de los internos a tratamiento recibía uno o dos psicofármacos, un 65% tenía prescritos ansiolíticos, un 38% antidepresivos y un 27% antipsicóticos. El consumo total de psicofármacos ascendió a 9.840 Dosis Diarias de Mantenimiento, un 46% de las cuales correspondían con ansiolíticos, un 17% con antidepresivos y un 14% con antipsicóticos. En dos semanas, el gasto total sumó 5.379 euros y los antipsicóticos acumularon un 72% del coste (3.857 euros. Hay indicios de que el uso compasivo de nuevos antipsicóticos y antiepilépticos supone un porcentaje sustancial del incremento del gasto con dudosa utilidad. Los resultados del estudio apuntan al médico prescriptor como agente primordial en relación con qué, cuánto y con qué coste se prescribe. Al contrario de lo que cabía esperar, no se encontró asociación entre variables como la edad, nacionalidad, grado o tipo de condena de los internos y la prescripción de los distintos subgrupos de psicofármacos con la excepción de las benzodiacepinas.The use of psychotropic drugs in primary care has exponentially increased and prisons are no exception. These drugs are often

  13. Características y localización de la hostelería en la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Gutiérrez Ronco, Sicilia

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the characteristics, number and localisation of hotel resources in the Autonomous Community of Madrid throughout the last decade (1992- 2002.In this period, the Community has experienced a remarkable increase of hotel premises due to the following factors, among others: the relocation of economic activities from inner capital locations to adjacent counties, the enlargement of public communication networks, the exploitation of natural and cultural heritage, new leisure offers linked to economic changes and the UE financial investments in rural areas. As a result, quality standards have risen up outstandingly and, more important yet, new hotel locations have reached out (i the metropolitan counties immediately adjacent to the urban core, (ii the northern mountain fringe and (iii the SW quarter.

    [es] Se analiza la evolución del número, característica y sobre todo localización de la hostelería de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid en el último decenio. El desplazamiento de actividades económicas de Madrid-Capital hacia los municipios de su entorno, el incremento de la red de comunicaciones, la explotación de los recursos naturales y culturales de la Comunidad, las nuevas ofertas de ocio ligadas a los cambios económicos y las ayudas de la U.E. al medio rural, han provocados en la hotelería un considerable aumento de establecimientos, una mejora de la calidad y sobre todo la extensión de su localización hacia los municipios metropolitanos, hacia la mayoría de los municipios serranos y hacia los localizados en el sector SW. [fr] On analyse l'évolution de le nombre, caractéristiques, et sur tout la localisation de l'hôtellerie de la Communauté Autonome de Madrid dans le dernier espace de dix ans. Le déplacement de les activités économiques de Madrid vers les communes proches, l'accroissement de la réseau des communications, l'exploitation de les ressources naturelles et culturelles, les nouveaux offres

  14. Los Cynipidae (Hymenoptera de la Comunidad de Madrid: lista anotada, mapas de distribución, riqueza y estatus de conservación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieves-Aldrey, J. L.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Acheck list of the Cynipidae from Comunidad de Madrid (Spain is presented for the first time. The data base contains 2189 records of samplings carried out from 1982 to the present in 103 sites in Madrid and 19 in nearby adjacent provinces. The list of 127 cynipid species from Madrid represents 73% of total Cynipidae species from the Iberian Peninsula. A distribution map in Madrid for each cynipid species is presented, showing the sampling sites where it has been found together with the potential distribution area of the species within the territory. Several aspects on the richness and distribution of the Cynipidae from Madrid are commented: potentially present and absent Iberian species, individual and rare species, and areas of high species richness. The area of highest richness for the Cynipidae of Madrid follows a strip of Cretacic and Tertiary soils along the Guadalix-Venturada-Torrelaguna axis, which also shows a high diversity of cynipid host plants, especially Quercus species. Other areas in SE Madrid deserving protection with regard to cynipids are also shown. These areas, some rich in rare and singular Aylacini species, other relictic areas with Quercus petraea in the Northeast and also some small areas with the presence of Quercus suber in parts of the territory of Madrid, deserve maximum protection concerning Cynipid conservation.

    Se presenta por primera vez la lista anotada de especies y los mapas de distribución de los Cynipidae de la Comunidad de Madrid. Los datos corresponden a 2189 registros pertenecientes a muestreos y colectas efectuados desde 1982 hasta la actualidad, en 103 localidades de Madrid y en otras 19 cercanas de provincias adyacentes. Se relacionan 107 especies de cinípidos que representan el 73 % del total de especies ibéricas. Cada especie se acompaña de su correspondiente mapa de distribución en la Comunidad de Madrid, reflejando los puntos de las localidades de muestreo en los que

  15. Influence of turbidity and clouds on satellite total ozone data over Madrid (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Camacho

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the comparison of the total ozone column data from three satellite instruments; Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometers (TOMS on board the Earth Probe (EP, Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI on board AURA and Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME on board ERS/2, with ground-based measurement recorded by a well calibrated Brewer spectrophotometer located in Madrid during the period 1996–2008. A cluster classification based on solar radiation (global, direct and diffuse, cloudiness and aerosol index allow selecting hazy, cloudy, very cloudy and clear days. Thus, the differences between Brewer and satellite total ozone data for each cluster have been analyzed. The accuracy of EP-TOMS total ozone data is affected by moderate cloudiness, showing a mean absolute bias error (MABE of 2.0%. In addition, the turbidity also has a significant influence on EP-TOMS total ozone data with a MABE ~1.6%. Those data are in contrast with clear days with MABE ~1.2%. The total ozone data derived from the OMI instrument show clear bias at clear and hazy days with small uncertainties (~0.8%. Finally, the total ozone observations obtained with the GOME instrument show a very smooth dependence with respect to clouds and turbidity, showing a robust retrieval algorithm over these conditions.

  16. Survey for Emission-Line Galaxies Universidad Complutense de Madrid List 3

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso, O; Zamorano, J; Gallego, J M; Rego, M

    1999-01-01

    A new low-dispersion objective-prism search for low-redshift (z<0.045) emission-line galaxies (ELG) has been carried out by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid with the Schmidt Telescope at the Calar-Alto Observatory. This is a continuation of the UCM Survey, which was performed by visual selection of candidates in photographic plates via the presence of the Halpha+[NII]6584 blend in emission. In this new list we have applied an automatic procedure, fully developed by us, for selecting and analyzing the ELG candidates on the digitized images obtained with the MAMA machine. The analyzed region of the sky covers 189 square degrees in nine fields near R.A.=14h & 17h, Dec=25 deg. The final sample contains 113 candidates. Special effort has been made to obtain a large amount of information directly from our uncalibrated plates by using several external calibrations. The parameters obtained for the ELG candidates allow for the study of the statistical properties for the sample.

  17. Instituto de Astrofísica de Madrid: science fiction or top science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero, J. A.

    2015-05-01

    In Spain, there is an Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in Tenerife, an Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía in Granada and an Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya in Barcelona. However, there is not an Instituto de Astrofísica de Madrid (IAM). Actually, Madrilenian astronomers are spread over a number of institutions of quite different origin, size and funding source. The IAM, if it existed, would be a catalyzer of ideas and collaborations, an international meeting point, an engine for high-technology industry in the region, and an excellence centre. Furthermore, the IAM would maximise the efficiency in the use of resources, offer a place for finding synergies between research groups and, especially, have a critical mass for embarking in very large projects in the ground and space. I will expose how, in a smooth and democratic way, an IAM might be built step by step. The process may take decades and, thus, young Madrilenian astronomers shall play a rôle on it.

  18. Terracotas de Calés en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. BLÁZQUEZ

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid exhibe entre sus magníficas colecciones una compuesta de numerosas terracotas traídas de Calés en el siglo pasado por el Marqués de Salamanca que nos hemos propuesto estudiar y a la que hemos dedicado varios trabajos ya. Colecciones similares se conservan en los museos de Lecce, Capua, Louvre, Leide, British Museum, Palazzo dei Conservatori, Villa Giulia, Nacionale Romano, Ny Carbsberg Glyptothek, Museo Universitario de Zurich, Museum für antike Kleinkunst de Munich, y Vaticano, en su mayoría inéditas. Todas estas terracotas plantean sugestivos y fundamentales problemas a los estudiosos del arte antiguo, que han sido señalados por Bianchi-Bandinelli con motivo del estudio y publicación de una terracota del Museo de Berlín. Bianchi-Bandinelli ha indicado alguna de las principales características del arte itálico de este momento, cual es su gusto moderno, su impresionismo e ilusionismo. En Italia en el periodo helenístico o época a la que pertenecen todas estas terracotas, existía una gran Koiné artística que abrazaba por lo menos Lacio, Campania y Etruria. Otros investigadores han estudiado algunas de estas terracotas,como G. Kaschnitz-Weinberg, Pesce, Mingazzini, Vessberg, R. Mengarelli, etc.

  19. Application of a pedestrian portal monitor at Madrid International Airport in Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pujol, Ll., E-mail: luis.pujol@cedex.e [Centro de Estudios y Experimentacion de Obras Publicas (CEDEX), Alfonso XII, 3, 28014 Madrid (Spain); Univ Politecn Madrid (UPM), Dept Civil Engn Hydraul and Energet, ETSI Caminos, Profesor Aranguren, s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez-Gonzalez, J.A.; Suarez-Navarro, M.J. [Univ Politecn Madrid (UPM), Dept Civil Engn Hydraul and Energet, ETSI Caminos, Profesor Aranguren, s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2011-04-15

    Three pedestrian portal monitor systems, designed to detect illicit trafficking or inadvertent movement of radioactive materials carried by passengers at airports, have been evaluated. The systems were supplied by three manufacturers: Bicron, Exploranium and Thermo-Eberline. In an initial evaluation, conducted at the Laboratory of Nuclear Engineering of the School of Civil Engineering, it was observed that the FHT-1372 system manufactured by Thermo-Eberline gave a more sensitive response and allowed the measurement of total photon dose rate and artificial photon dose rate. Therefore, this system was installed at Barajas International Airport in Madrid in 2002 for a period of 108 days in order to select an appropriate investigation level (defined as the radiation level that is selected as the trigger for further investigation). During this period 1,339,931 passengers were screened and a total of 39 alarms were triggered, 5 of which with a value 10 times the mean value of the natural background from photon radiation (which was 85 nSv/h), and no alarms exceeded 100 {mu}Sv/h at 1 m distance, which is the level of response for legal transport of radioactive materials set by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). An investigation level of approximately 1.3 times the natural background was finally selected. This value coincides with the results obtained in the ITRAP (Illicit Trafficking Radiation Detection Assessment Program) carried out by the IAEA.

  20. Spread and partitioning of arsenic in soils from a mine waste site in Madrid province (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M.A. [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Serrano, S. [Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, CSIC, Catedratico Agustin Escardino 9, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Laborda, F. [Group of Analytical Spectroscopy and Sensors, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Garrido, F., E-mail: fernando.garrido@mncn.csic.es [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-12-01

    The formation of scorodite is an important mechanism for the natural attenuation of arsenic in a wide range of environments. It is dumped on site by metallurgical industries to minimize arsenic release. However, the long-term stability of these deposits is unclear. Sequential As extractions and synchrotron-based X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy were used to determine both As and Fe speciation in a small catchment area affected by a scorodite-rich waste pile at an abandoned smelting factory. Our results indicate that this deposit behaves as an acute point source of As and metal pollution and confirms the strong association of As(V) with Fe(III) oxide phases, highlighting the important role of ferrihydrite as an As scavenger in natural systems. In this seasonally variable system, other trapping forms such as jarosite-like minerals also play a role in the attenuation of As. Overall, our results demonstrate that scorodite should not be considered an environmental stable repository for As attenuation when dumped outside because natural rainfall and the resulting runoff drive As dispersion in the environment and indicate the need to monitor and reclamate As-rich mine deposits. - Highlights: • A scorodite-rich mining waste at an old smelting factory in Madrid is described. • Scorodite-rich mining wastes act as an acute point source of As pollution in soils. • Arsenic extraction and XANES analyses show ferrihydrite as an As scavenger in soils.

  1. The spectral amplification effect of clouds to the night sky radiance in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubé, M.; Kocifaj, M.; Zamorano, J.; Solano Lamphar, H. A.; Sanchez de Miguel, A.

    2016-09-01

    Artificial Light at Night (ALAN) may have various environmental impacts ranging from compromising the visibility of astronomical objects to the perturbation of circadian cycles in animals and humans. In the past much research has been carried out to study the impact of ALAN on the radiance of the night sky during clear sky conditions. This was mainly justified by the need for a better understanding of the behavior of ALAN propagation into the environment in order to protect world-class astronomical facilities. More recently, alongside to the threat to the natural starry sky, many issues have emerged from the biological science community. It has been shown that, nearby or inside cities, the presence of cloud cover generally acts as an amplifier for artificial sky radiance while clouds behave as attenuators for remote observers. In this paper we show the spectral behavior of the zenith sky radiance amplification factor exerted by clouds inside a city. We compare in-situ measurements made with the spectrometer SAND-4 with a numerical model applied to the specific geographical context of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain.

  2. A comprehensive approach for the evaluation and comparison of emission inventories in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedrenne, Michel; Borge, Rafael; Lumbreras, Julio; Rodríguez, María Encarnación; de la Paz, David; Pérez, Javier; Manuel de Andrés, Juan; Quaassdorff, Christina

    2016-11-01

    Emission inventories provide a description of the polluting activities that occur across a specific geographic domain, and are widely used as input for air quality modelling for the assessment of compliance with environmental legislation. The spatial scale to which these inventories are referred has an influence in the representativeness of the emission estimates, as these are underpinned by a number of considerations and data with different levels of granularity. This study proposes a comprehensive framework for the evaluation of emission inventories that allows identifying methodological issues by examining differences in performance to a chemical transport model (CTM) when such inventories are used as input. To demonstrate the approach, a comparison between the national and regional emissions inventories for the Autonomous Community of Madrid (ACM) was carried out (NEI and REI respectively). The analysis revealed discrepancies in compilation methodologies for the domestic sector (SNAP 02), industrial combustion (SNAP 03), road traffic (SNAP 07) and other mobile sources (SNAP 08); most of the differences were originally caused by taking into account different activity variables, fuel mixes, and spatial disaggregation and allocation proxies. The granularity of the base data (statistics, fuel consumption, facilities, etc.) proved to be an essential limiting factor, which means that whenever bottom-up approaches were followed, the description of emission sectors tended to be more accurate.

  3. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M A; Garcia-Guinea, J; Laborda, F; Garrido, F

    2015-12-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system. PMID:26218566

  4. Mathematical decision theory applied to land capability: a case study in the community of madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antón, J M; Saa-Requejo, A; Grau, J B; Gallardo, J; Díaz, M C; Andina, Diego; Sanchez, M E; Tarquis, A M

    2014-03-01

    In land evaluation science, a standard data set is obtained for each land unit to determine the land capability class for various uses, such as different farming systems, forestry, or the conservation or suitability of a specific crop. In this study, we used mathematical decision theory (MDT) methods to address this task. Mathematical decision theory has been used in areas such as management, finance, industrial design, rural development, the environment, and projects for future welfare to study quality and aptness problems using several criteria. We also review MDT applications in soil science and discuss the suitability of MDT methods for dealing simultaneously with a number of problems. The aim of the work was to show how MDT can be used to obtain a valid land quality index and to compare this with a traditional land capability method. Therefore, an additive classification method was applied to obtain a land quality index for 122 land units that were compiled for a case study of the Community of Madrid, Spain, and the results were compared with a previously assigned land capability class using traditional methods based on the minimum requirements for land attributes.

  5. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M A; Garcia-Guinea, J; Laborda, F; Garrido, F

    2015-12-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system.

  6. Energy saving due to natural ventilation in housing blocks in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Lezcano, RA; Hormigos-Jiménez, S.

    2016-07-01

    Getting a healthy and comfortable indoor environment in homes in southern Europe is a complicated task. In continental climates, with very cold temperatures in winter and very hot in summer, energy consumption greatly increases with air conditioning significant spending. To propose action guidelines for use of natural ventilation and to develop effective design strategies is essential. Therefore, and given a specific building type block of flats in Madrid, this article focuses on establishing what periods of the year natural ventilation is required to reduce energy consumption in air conditioning, also considering the quality of the outdoor environment and the design of the building. To develop this, a statistical study of the chosen type, that allows studying the direction and the wind speed in the area, is performed. Analysis of wind pressures in holes in the facade is performed by means of numerical simulations of fluid flow (CFD) inside to later infer in the natural ventilation rate required within policy parameters. With the data obtained, a study of energy saving is made as a function of natural ventilation rate established for the building type.

  7. Group Violence and Migration Experience among Latin American Youths in Justice Enforcement Centers (Madrid, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez García, José Manuel; Martín López, María Jesús

    2015-10-30

    Group violence among Latin American immigrant youth has led to ongoing debates in political, legal, and media circles, yet none of those many perspectives has arrived at a solid, empirically supported definition for the phenomenon. This study aims to explore the relationship between the immigrant experience and violent group behavior in youths from Latin America serving prison sentences in Justice Enforcement Centers in the Community of Madrid. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 juveniles, and content analysis was applied to the resulting transcripts, employing Grounded Theory to create an axial codification of intra- and inter-categorical contents, and Delphi panels for quality control. The research team delved into 62 topics, addressing participants' perceptions of the immigrant experience and its effects on five socialization settings (neighborhood, school, family, peer group, and significant other), and each one's relationship to violent behavior. The results led us to believe the young people's immigration experiences had been systematically examined. Their personal and social development was influenced by negative socioeconomic conditions, ineffective parental supervision, maladjustment and conflict at school, and experiences of marginalization and xenophobia. All those conditions favored affiliation with violent groups that provided them instrumental (economic and material), expressive, or affective support.

  8. Analysis of Water Vapor spatio-temporal structure over the Madrid Area using GPS data

    CERN Document Server

    Ruffini, G; Cucurull, L; Flores, A; Ruffini, Giulio; Rius, Antonio; Cucurull, Lidia; Flores, Alex

    1999-01-01

    We have analyzed Zenith Wet Delay (ZWD) time series from an experiment over the Madrid (Spain) area obtained from 5 GPS receivers using two different techniques. In the first case a delay correlation analysis of the ZWD time-series has been carried out. We show that for this small network (with a spatial scale of less than 100 km) the correlation between the time series is very strong, and that using windowing techniques a reliable correlation delay time series can be produced for each pair of sites (10 such pairs are available). We use this delay time series together with a frozen flow model to estimate the velocity of a passing front, and compare the results to meteorological data and Numerical Weather Prediction output, showing good agreement. In the second approach, the data is analyzed using Empirical Orthogonal Functions. We demonstrate that the temporally demeaned and normalized analysis yields information about the passing of fronts, while the spatially demeaned data yields orographic information. A c...

  9. Dense lower crust elevates long-term earthquake rates in the New Madrid seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levandowski, Will; Boyd, Oliver S.; Ramirez-Guzmán, Leonardo

    2016-08-01

    Knowledge of the local state of stress is critical in appraising intraplate seismic hazard. Inverting earthquake moment tensors, we demonstrate that principal stress directions in the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) differ significantly from those in the surrounding region. Faults in the NMSZ that are incompatible with slip in the regional stress field are favorably oriented relative to local stress. We jointly analyze seismic velocity, gravity, and topography to develop a 3-D crustal and upper mantle density model, revealing uniquely dense lower crust beneath the NMSZ. Finite element simulations then estimate the stress tensor due to gravitational body forces, which sums with regional stress. The anomalous lower crust both elevates gravity-derived stress at seismogenic depths in the NMSZ and rotates it to interfere more constructively with far-field stress, producing a regionally maximal deviatoric stress coincident with the highest concentration of modern seismicity. Moreover, predicted principal stress directions mirror variations (observed independently in moment tensors) at the NMSZ and across the region.

  10. Centro industrial para la «Compagnie des Lampes», en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aymerich, Manuel

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available The second stage of this building, constructed in the Vallecas district of Madrid, includes the workshops for the manufacture of lamp ferrules, with sections for the presses, forging and heat treatment, carbonate stores, mixes, polishing, production control, and other operations. There are also loading and packing zones, offices, first aid room, dressing rooms and services. The plan distribution, and spatial arrangement of this industrial establishment exhibit a formal and functional agile dynamism that is highly becoming.Esta nueva edificación—segunda fase—, construida en Vallecas y destinada a la fabricación de casquillos, consta en esencia de las siguientes zonas: zona de taller propiamente dicha, que alberga las secciones de prensas, mecánica, fragua y tratamientos, almacén de carbonatos, mezclas, vitrita, abrillantado, control, etc.; zona de almacenes, en conexión con los muelles para carga de camiones y carros; y la zona que aloja las oficinas, enfermería, vestuarios y servicios. Tanto la distribución de la planta como la composición de volúmenes resultan de una agilidad notable, ya que, además de su movimiento formal, expresa con sinceridad la función específica de cada cuerpo.

  11. The role of green infrastructure in creating safe urban environments: the case study of Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias, Pedro; Iglesias, Ana; Garrote, Luis

    2016-04-01

    The size and number of cities is growing at an unprecedented speed in the 21st century. Whereas in 1900 only a 10% of the global population lived in cities, 2010 marked the point in which more than halve of the world moved urban and, according to the United Nations' estimations, more than 70% of humanity will be living in urban agglomerations by 2050. Covering about the 2% of the Earth surface, cities consume vast extensions of forests, farmland, and other landscapes, polluting rivers, oceans and soils, and account for as much as the 70% of greenhouse gas emissions, all of them making urbanization the main driver for the changes in the Earth surface. Designing urban systems that reduce the negative impacts of this urbanization process and improve their resilience is crucial for creating a safe operating space for humanity. Cities must identify sustainable development policies because today's investment will be locked in for hundreds of years due to the difficulty of reversing most of the planning decisions. This study analyzes the role of green infrastructure in creating a healthier urban milieu more resilient and with a smaller impact on the environment through the case study of the city of Madrid, a city that faces climate risks derived of extreme heat and drought. Green infrastructure can reduce urban heat island, regulate storm water overflow and moderate energy consumption, while favoring a healthier lifestyle.

  12. Seismic Readings from the Deepest Borehole in the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woolery, Edward W [KY Geological Survey, Univ of KY; Wang, Zhenming [KY Geological Survey, Univ of KY; Sturchio, Neil C [Dept of earth and Env. Sciences, Univ of Ill at Chicago

    2006-03-01

    Since the 1980s, the research associated with the UK network has been primarily strong-motion seismology of engineering interest. Currently the University of Kentucky operates a strong-motion network of nine stations in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. A unique feature of the network is the inclusions of vertical strong-motion arrays, each with one or two downhole accelerometers. The deepest borehole array is 260 m below the surfaces at station VASA in Fulton County, Kentucky. A preliminary surface seismic refraction survey was conducted at the site before drilling the hole at VSAS (Woolery and Wang, 2002). The depth to the Paleozoic bedrock at the site was estimated to be approximately 595 m, and the depth to the first very stiff layer (i.e. Porters Creek Clay) was found to be about 260 m. These depths and stratigraphic interpretation correlated well with a proprietary seismic reflection line and the Ken-Ten Oil Exploration No. 1 Sanger hole (Schwalb, 1969), as well as our experience in the area (Street et al., 1995; Woolery et al., 1999).

  13. The type specimens of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taeger, Andreas; París, Mercedes; Nieves-Aldrey, Jose Luis

    2014-04-16

    The type specimens of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) housed in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, were examined. Lectotypes are designated and illustrated for the following 32 nominal taxa (preserved in the MNCN collection if not stated otherwise): Tenthredo acutiscutis Konow, 1908; Tenthredo aericeps Konow, 1907; Allantus albipectus Konow, 1907; Athalia bolivari Dusmet, 1896; Tristactus punctatus var. candidatus Konow, 1899; Tenthredo capistrata Konow, 1907; Megalodontes capitalatus Konow 1904 (coll. SDEI); Tenthredo casta Konow, 1908; Clydostomus cestatus Konow, 1908; Miocephala chalybea Konow, 1907 (coll. SDEI); Peus cupreiceps Konow, 1907; Metallopeus cupreolus Malaise, 1945 (coll. NHRS); Allantus dusmeti Konow, 1894 (coll. SDEI); Megalodontes dusmeti Enslin, 1914 (coll. ZSM); Megalodontes escalerai Konow, 1899; Tenthredo flavitarsis Konow, 1908; Sciopteryx galerita Konow, 1907; Tenthredo habenata Konow, 1907; Allantus inguinalis Konow, 1908; Clydostomus merceti Konow, 1908; Megalodontes merceti Konow 1904 (coll. SDEI); Tenthredo mordax Konow, 1908; Megalodontes mundus Konow, 1904; Tenthredo nimbata Konow, 1906; Tenthredo oculissima Konow, 1907; Peus pannulosus Konow, 1907; Tenthredo podagrica Konow, 1907; Arge segmentaria var. rufiventris Konow, 1899; Tenthredo rugiceps Konow, 1908; Tenthredo segrega Konow, 1908; Peus splendidus Konow 1907; Tenthredo suta Konow, 1906. Peus cupreiceps Konow, 1907, is considered to be a valid species. New synonymy is proposed for Tenthredo (Metallopeus) cupreiceps (Konow, 1907), comb. nov., spec. rev. (=Metallopeus cupreolus Malaise, 1945, syn. nov.; =Metallopeus inermis Malaise, 1945, syn. nov.). 

  14. Group Violence and Migration Experience among Latin American Youths in Justice Enforcement Centers (Madrid, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez García, José Manuel; Martín López, María Jesús

    2015-01-01

    Group violence among Latin American immigrant youth has led to ongoing debates in political, legal, and media circles, yet none of those many perspectives has arrived at a solid, empirically supported definition for the phenomenon. This study aims to explore the relationship between the immigrant experience and violent group behavior in youths from Latin America serving prison sentences in Justice Enforcement Centers in the Community of Madrid. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 juveniles, and content analysis was applied to the resulting transcripts, employing Grounded Theory to create an axial codification of intra- and inter-categorical contents, and Delphi panels for quality control. The research team delved into 62 topics, addressing participants' perceptions of the immigrant experience and its effects on five socialization settings (neighborhood, school, family, peer group, and significant other), and each one's relationship to violent behavior. The results led us to believe the young people's immigration experiences had been systematically examined. Their personal and social development was influenced by negative socioeconomic conditions, ineffective parental supervision, maladjustment and conflict at school, and experiences of marginalization and xenophobia. All those conditions favored affiliation with violent groups that provided them instrumental (economic and material), expressive, or affective support. PMID:26514376

  15. Diversidad y distribución de las especies de Mallophaga (Insecta en Aves y Mamíferos de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Mateo, M. P.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Based on the entomological collection of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, MNCN (Madrid, Spain and the literature, a total of 145 species of birds and 12 species of mammals that could be potential hosts of Mallophaga, are cited for Madrid. These species are potential hosts to 306 species of Mallophaga. Only 29 species of birds (20% and 2 species of mammals (14,3% have been searched for the presence of Mallophaga. These species could be potential hosts of 91 different Mallophaga species, but only 40 species (44% are recorded. Each species present in Madrid is indicated with its the host, the material known and respective references.

    Se presenta información general sobre la biodiversidad y distribución de los Mallophaga parásitos de aves y mamíferos en la Comunidad de Madrid. Con base en datos obtenidos en colecciones del MNCN (Madrid y revisión de la bibliografía de referencia, se obtienen un total de 145 especies de aves y 12 de mamíferos hospedadores potenciales de 306 especies de malófagos en la Comunidad de Madrid. De ésas, solo 29 especies de aves (20 % y 2 de mamíferos (14,3 % han sido exploradas, las cuales podrían estar parasitadas por, al menos, 91 especies diferentes de malófagos, pero solo se conocen citas de 40 especies (44 %. En cada especie indicada se señalan los hospedadores conocidos, material y referencia correspondiente para cada especie de Mallophaga citada en la Comunidad de Madrid.

  16. Natural cement in the nineteenth century city of Madrid. Identification of their application, conservation status and their compatibility with moderns cements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrochano, Cristina Mayo; Lasheras Merino, Felix; Sanz-Arauz, David

    2016-04-01

    Roman cement was patented in 1796 and it arrived to Spain in 1835. Although the natural cement used in Madrid came mainly from Guipúzcoa's factories, there were a few small factories producing natural cement in the area. In the south east of Madrid, in "Morata de Tajuña", are the marl quarries of the Madrid Community. Natural cement was extensively used to decorate buildings in Madrid during the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. It was highly demanded in various sectors of civil engineering: sewerage, water supply, canals, ports and tunnels. In the building sector, at first the use of cements was limited to building foundations and masonry mortars, but never as render mortar because it was considered an unsightly and vulgar material. For renders still traditional lime mortar was used. And is not till the end of the 19th century when it was used in facade decorations for the first time. We have analysed 25 buildings in Madrid built in that period of time. It was used microscopy techniques for the identification of these cements, checking how many of them used natural cement, how they used it, what is its conservation status and their compatibility with modern cements.

  17. La rehabilitación del centro histórico de Madrid

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    Herraez, Sigfrido

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to its large surface, over 320 hectares, the historical centre of Madrid included areas with a very high level of architectural, urban, social and environmental decay, there being greatly marginalised districts which shelter immigrant population . In view of this on-going urban decay of the historical centre, the three administrations (state, regional and local entered several agreements for the Rehabilitation of the Residential and Urban Heritage, which, together with the Cohesion Funds and the URBAN projects for Cinema and Theatre Itineraries, both financed by the European Union, intend to regenerate the urban base Coordination and management are in the hands of the Municipal Housing Corporation. The formula selected to intervene in the historical centre has been the declaration of Preferential Rehabilitation Areas, which focuses on the squares or main streets in each district. Another f ormula to intervene has been the rehabilitation of streets within the Cinema and Theatre Itineraries under the URBAN projects, the base of which is connected to the rehabilitation areas containing streets with prostitution and social marginalisation. The Cohesion Funds to upgrade the urban environment of Lavapies aim at adapting this district to the new needs of its population. Interventions aim at infrastructure renovation, street design improvement, accessibility, environment upgrading, rehabilitation of housing blocks to improve the quality of life of their inhabitants, developing accesses for cultural activities, support for the arts and crafts industry and small enterprises, social programmes and economic activity improvement Total investment in the Historical Centre amounts to 52,489 million pesetas (315 million euros up to the year 2002 .EI centro histórico de Madrid, debido a su gran extensión, mas de 320 hectáreas, presentaba zonas con elevado nivel de deterioro arquitectónico, urbanístico, social y medioambiental, existiendo barrios con gran

  18. Conservación de fachadas en diversos lugares de Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serra Gesta, Jesús

    1984-09-01

    Full Text Available As complement to the Main Subject this section presents four works which select some of the most recent facts about the emptying of buildings preserving their frontage. This subject is more and more frequent because of the multiplicity of the recent ordinances tending towards the preservation of the historical and artistic patrimony of our towns, and of great complexity because of the specificity of each case. The whole of those four works intend to reflect some of the most common problems in this dink of project and their correct solution. The first correspond to a building of three floors with a semi basement that, after being emptied and rebuilt, a new body off our floors is added using completely different methods according to the municipal council ordinances. The second work includes two buildings of a very different use (an ice factory and its offices constructed in consecutive periods and with different constructive treatments which obliges to search a diverse solution for each body. The third project is an action taken by the City Council of Madrid, who acted by substitutive execution considering the high danger of ruin of the building and the passiveness of its owners. The last work is a house-building on a ground plan shaped as an L, with six levels on top of the basement.Como complemento del Tema de Fondo se presentan en esta sección cuatro obras que recogen algunas de las realizaciones más recientes en esta materia del vaciado de edificios conservando la fachada, tema cada vez más frecuente por la multitud de recientes disposiciones tendentes a conservar el patrimonio histórico-artístico de nuestras ciudades, y de gran complejidad por la especificidad de cada uno de los casos. Con el conjunto de las cuatro obras se pretende reflejar algunos de los problemas que más comúnmente se presentan en este tipo de proyectos, y sus correctas soluciones. La primera corresponde a un edificio de dos plantas con semisótano que

  19. Comportamiento hidrotermal de las arcillas saponiticas de la Cuenca de Madrid

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    Cuevas Rodríguez, J.

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available The hydrothermal behavior of sedimentary saponitic clays from Madrid Basin has been investigated to assess their potential use as a buffer material in high level radioactive waste repositories. This paper deals with a rewiew of several aspects that has been studied: the adsorption and irreversible fixation of K+, the alteration in absence of potasium and the effects of heat and steam on textural properties of the smectitic clay. Experiments have covered temperatures up to 175 ºC with an excess of liquid water except on the last subject. Chemical and XRD analyses of final clay products and solutions indicates minor alteration of the saponite in the hydrothermal experiments either in the presence or absence of potasium. No illitization or chloritization processes seems to affect the smectite. Sepiolite was found to be largely dissolved at 175 ºC, a process that inhibited recrystallization or formation of illite observed when illite was present in significant amounts in starting materials. Accessory minerals (illite and sepiolite accompayning as traces the saponitic material underwent and intense degradation at 175 ºC in absence of potasium. On the other hand, clay steamed at 200 ºC showed significant textural changes forming highly stable silt size aggregates which hindered the swelling abilities of the saponitic material, a fact that was previously observed in montmorillonites.El comportamiento hidrotermal de las arcillas saponíticas de origen sedimentario de la Cuenca de Madrid ha sido investigado en función de su uso potencial como barrera geoquímica en el almacenamiento de residuos radiactivos de alta actividad. Este artículo es una revisión de los aspectos estudiados hasta el momento: la adsorción y fijación irreversible de K+, la alteración en ausencia de potasio y los efectos del vapor de agua a elevada temperatura en las características texturales de la arcilla. Los experimentos se han realizado a temperaturas de hasta

  20. Effect of anisotropy on Madrid-region Cretaceous dolostone durability in salt crystallization processes

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    Taborda-Duarte, M.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The resistance of dolomitic limestone to salt crystallization processes was studied on materials from Redueña and Torrelaguna in the province of Madrid, Spain. Much of the region’s architectural and monumental heritage was built with the materials from these two sites. Stone specimens were selected for testing on the basis of ultrasonic wave propagation velocity (Vp measurements taken in around one hundred cubic samples of each variety. The anisotropy indices were calculated and the samples were clustered on the basis of the results. Two representative samples of each class were taken and characterized for their petrographic and petrophysical properties before and after exposure to salt crystallization cycles. Ageing was evaluated in terms of weight loss and the visual deterioration observed. The degeneration pattern found varied substantially in the two materials: the Requena material exhibited more intense deterioration, with scaling and spalling, while the Torrelaguna dolostone tended to generate fragmentation and rounding at corners and edges. The anisotropy of these stones does not appear to clearly govern salt crystallization-mediated deterioration. Although no clear relationship could be established between the intensity of deterioration and the initial anisotropy indices, total anisotropy was observed to increase as a general rule, and normally more than the relative anisotropy index. No specific anisotropic group was found to undergo greater variation than any other.En este trabajo se estudia el comportamiento de las dolomías de Redueña y de Torrelaguna frente a los efectos de la cristalización de sales. Ambos materiales han sido ampliamente utilizados en la construcción del Patrimonio arquitectónico y monumental de la región de Madrid. Para la selección de las probetas pétreas a ensayar, se midió la velocidad de propagación de ondas ultrasónicas (Vp en cerca de un centenar de muestras cúbicas de cada variedad. Se

  1. Epidemiologic study on the current incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Madrid Estudio epidemiológico sobre la incidencia actual de la enfemedad inflamatoria intestinal en un área sanitaria de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. López-Serrano

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD varies widely according to geographical area and has been reported to have increased in the last few years. No data are available on the current incidence of this disease in Madrid (Spain. Aim: to determine the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in the area of influence of University Hospital Fundación Alcorcón (Madrid, and to compare our results with those from other Spanish and European series. Patients and methods: a prospective, population-based study was performed to determine the incidence of IBD in the area of University Hospital Fundación Alcorcón in Madrid between 2003 and 2005. Total population: 213,587 inhabitants (177,490 older than 14 years. Crude rates and age- and sex-specific rates adjusted to the European standard population were calculated. A retrospective study (1998-2003 was also performed. Results: a total of 69 cases were diagnosed -Crohn's disease (CD: 35, ulcerative colitis (UC: 33, indeterminate colitis: 1- in the prospective period. Crude rates of CD and UC were 7.92 and 7.47 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year, respectively (the population aged 0-14 years. Specific rates were 8.0 (95% CI, 7.03-8.97 and 7.47 (95% CI, 6.5-8.4, respectively. Mean age at diagnosis was 31.02± 10.76 and 39.91±16.19 years for CD and UC, respectively. Incidence in the retrospective study was 7.13 and 6.22 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year, respectively for CD and UC. Conclusions: the incidence of CD and UC in Madrid has increased in the last decades, with rates close to those in northern European countries for CD, higher than those recently published in Spanish prospective studies and similar to those previously described in Spain and southern countries for UC. Rates were higher in the prospective period than in the retrospective one.

  2. Perdiéndonos en la ciudad: el consumo responsable como mensaje, la ciudad de Madrid como ecosistema comunicativo Lost in the city: the responsible consumption as message, and the city of Madrid as communication ecosystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Piñeiro

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El ritmo de consumo actual es muy superior a la capacidad ecológica de nuestros entornos, lo cual es substancialmente importante en las ciudades donde es mayor el desequilibrio de los flujos metabólicos. En este sentido, entendemos que el fomento del consumo responsable es fundamental para la sostenibilidad urbana, donde los mensajes mayoritarios se encuentran posicionados en la actual sociedad de consumo. Por ello nos preguntamos ¿qué presencia tienen los mensajes de consumo responsable en la ciudad?, ¿cuáles son los discursos y prácticas de la ciudad de Madrid relacionadas con el consumo responsable? Este trabajo es una aproximación exploratoria a dicho contexto y para su desarrollo hemos utilizado la técnica de la deriva (28 derivas realizadas en 2009 y distribuidas en cuatro barrios de la ciudad de Madrid. Identificamos múltiples y diversos discursos y prácticas vinculadas con el consumo responsable, especialmente en ámbitos como la movilidad, el consumo energético y de agua, o el uso del tiempo y el espacio.The current rate of consumption is much higher than the ecology capacity of our environment. This is substantially important in cities where the imbalance of metabolic fluxes is greater. In this sense, to promote responsible consumption is the key to look for the urban sustainability, where the major communication messages are based on the current consumer society. Therefore we ask: what messages of responsible consumption are in the city? what discourses and practices related to responsible consumption are in Madrid? This work is an exploratory approach to that context and we use the technique of drift (28 drifts out in 2009 and distributed in four districts of the city of Madrid. We identify multiple and diverse discourses and practices associated with responsible consumption, especially in areas such as mobility, energy and water consumption or the use of time and space.

  3. Microscale traffic simulation and emission estimation in a heavily trafficked roundabout in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quaassdorff, Christina; Borge, Rafael; Pérez, Javier; Lumbreras, Julio; de la Paz, David; de Andrés, Juan Manuel

    2016-10-01

    This paper presents the evaluation of emissions from vehicle operations in a domain of 300m×300m covering a complex urban roundabout with high traffic density in Madrid. Micro-level simulation was successfully applied to estimate the emissions on a scale of meters. Two programs were used: i) VISSIM to simulate the traffic on the square and to compute velocity-time profiles; and ii) VERSIT+micro through ENVIVER that uses VISSIM outputs to compute the related emissions at vehicle level. Data collection was achieved by a measurement campaign obtaining empirical data of vehicle flows and traffic intensities. Twelve simulations of different traffic situations (scenarios) were conducted, representing different hours from several days in a week and the corresponding NOX and PM10 emissions were estimated. The results show a general reduction on average speeds for higher intensities due to braking-acceleration patterns that contribute to increase the average emission factor and, therefore, the total emissions in the domain, especially on weekdays. The emissions are clearly related to traffic volume, although maximum emission scenario does not correspond to the highest traffic intensity due to congestion and variations in fleet composition throughout the day. These results evidence the potential that local measures aimed at alleviating congestion may have in urban areas to reduce emissions. In general, scenario-averaged emission factors estimated with the VISSIM-VERSIT+micro modelling system fitted well those from the average-speed model COPERT, used as a preliminary validation of the results. The largest deviations between these two models occur in those scenarios with more congestion. The design and resolution of the microscale modelling system allow to reflect the impact of actual traffic conditions on driving patterns and related emissions, making it useful for the design of mitigation measures for specific traffic hot-spots. PMID:27232968

  4. Picasso phase I. MT investigation of Spain from Madrid to the Betics. Preliminary results and models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. The PICASSO (Project to Investigate Convective Alboran Sea System Overturn) project is an international, multi-disciplinary project that aims to improve knowledge of the internal structure and plate-tectonic processes in the highly complex three-dimensional region formed by the collision of the African and European plate under the effect of the Mediterranean plate motion. The first phase of the DIAS magnetotelluric (MT) component of PICASSO was carried out in Southern Spain from Sept.-Nov., 2007. Two different types of magnetotelluric (MT) equipment - Phoenix V5 broadband (BBMT) and Lviv LEMI long period (LMT) - were used along a profile from the outskirts of Madrid to the Mediterranean Sea across the Betic Mountain Chain. In spite of low solar activity during acquisition and the high noise due to DC train lines etc., the time series data are of reasonable to good quality at most sites due to the excellent instrumentation and careful site location. The modified acquisition design of the LEMI long period system facilitated separate recording of each telluric channel independently, which allowed for advanced investigation of the dataset. The data were processed using four different robust algorithms, and the different responses have been compared. Strike direction varies along the profile and with depth due to the intricate morphology, and its choice has an enormous impact on the responses to be modelled and thereby provides a challenging framework for MT data interpretation. Preliminary models derived from the distortion-corrected data show features in the Betics similar to previous studies. Rather surprisingly, to the north the central part of Spain exhibits a highly resistive lower crust. Other model features will be discussed.

  5. GraffiCity – kreativer Protest, belonging und citizenship im Madrider Stadtteil Lavapiés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Youkhana

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Kreative Protestformen in urbanen Räumen haben in den letzten Jahren weltweit eine Renaissance erfahren. Symbolische Aneignungen durch Haus- und Platzbesetzungen, Graffiti und politische stencils (Schablonen prägen zunehmend den öffentlichen Raum in Großstädten und stehen beispielhaft für Protest, der jenseits institutionalisierter politischer Auseinandersetzungen angesiedelt ist. Wie aber werden dadurch Bürgerrechte und diejenigen gestärkt, die sich nicht in vorgegebenen gesellschaftlichen Systemen und sozialen Strukturen bewegen? Welche Rolle spielt der urbane Raum für Vergemeinschaftungsprozesse, für die Konstituierung von Zugehörigkeit und sozialen Kollektiven?Am Beispiel des Stadtzentrums von Madrid zeigt sich im Rahmen des neoliberalen Umstrukturierungsprozesses, wie städtische Formen, die Machtbeziehungen prägen und reflektieren, und die daraus hervorgehenden soziomateriellen Beziehungen auch den Bewohner_innen in den alltäglichen Auseinandersetzungen für das ‚Recht auf Stadt‘ dienen können. Anhand des Arbeiter- und Migrantenviertels Lavapiés wird erörtert, wie einerseits durch die Etablierung kultureller Institutionen und die Neugestaltung (inklusive verstärkte Kontrolle öffentlicher Plätze Veränderungen des Images des Stadtteils sowie der Wohn-, Miet- und Besitzverhältnisse unterstützt und provoziert worden sind, und damit auch Gentrifizierung und die Vertreibung von weniger bemittelten Bevölkerungsgruppen. Als Folge dieser sozialräumlichen Wandlungsprozesse haben sich andererseits aber auch verschiedene widerständische und kreative Praktiken herausgebildet und Lavapiés zu einem umkämpften Raum gemacht. Diese Initiativen stehen – entgegen der Kommerzialisierung, Kontrolle und Vertreibung – für eine politische Kultur, die neue Formen der Zugehörigkeit schafft, die dynamisch, situativ und fließend sind.

  6. Local Wave Propagation in the Kachchh Basin, India: Synergy With the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langston, C. A.; Kang, D.; Bodin, P.; Horton, S.

    2002-12-01

    Aftershocks of the Mw7.6 Bhuj earthquake are used to infer velocity structure and the nature of wave propagation within the Kachchh Basin, India. The data were collected from a joint MAEC/ISTAR deployment of seismographs within 3 weeks of the main event and from existing broadband stations in the region under the India Meteorological Department. Waveforms are available from events that span the entire thickness of the crust and display a variety of wave propagation effects due to low-velocity near-surface site structure and larger structure of the Mesozoic Kachchh basin. These effects include near-site, high frequency reverberations in P and S waves, Sp and Ps mode conversions, PL waves within the Mesozoic basin, basin S multiples, and surface waves. Surface wave group velocity dispersion yields estimates of basin shear wave velocity, and when coupled to analysis of large observed Sp conversions, give a migrated image of stratigraphy within the Banni plains that agrees favorably with published stratigraphy. Identification of basin structure effects allows constraints to be placed on aftershock source depths that are needed in evaluating standard earthquake locations. Structure models are used to construct Green's functions for determining source parameters through waveform modeling. Although stations of the aftershock network were situated on a variety of sites that varied from consolidated Mesozoic bedrock to unconsolidated recent sediments, all stations show major wave propagation effects due to basin fill that must be included in source parameter estimation. These effects seen in India have many similarities to wave propagation effects observed within the Mississippi embayment from microearthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) of the central U.S. Joint waveform studies are motivating new ways of understanding wave propagation and source processes within both areas.

  7. Three Dimensional velocity Structure in the New Madrid and Other SCR Seismic Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, C. A.

    2002-12-01

    Recent tomographic inversions of travel time data accumulated for active SCR seismic zones have revealed strong velocity contrasts that appear to control the distribution of seismicity. Velocity images have been obtained for the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ), the eastern Tennessee seismic zone (ETSZ), and the Charlevoix seismic zone (CSZ). We have also obtained a preliminary velocity model for the aftershock region associated with the Mw=7.7 January 26th Bhuj, India earthquake. Both P and S waves were inverted for velocity structure in the NMSZ. High velocity bodies were imaged and are interpreted to be intrusions associated with the axis and edge of the Reelfoot graben. Low velocities were imaged near the intersection of the long NE arm of seismicity and the NW trending arm; the low velocities are attributed to highly fractured, fluid saturated crust and are associated with shallow earthquake swarms. In general, earthquakes tend to avoid regions with higher than average velocities and concentrate in areas of low velocity or along the edges of high velocity zones. Similar results were obtained for both the ETSZ and the CSZ. A prominent low-velocity zone was detected in the ETSZ; most earthquakes occur in rocks that surround the lowest-velocity regions. An elongated, high velocity region is present at mid-crustal depths in the CSZ; earthquakes avoid the high velocity body and separate into two bands, one on either side of the feature. Larger earthquakes (exceeding magnitude 4) have occurred along the northern edge of the high velocity region. Our results suggest that earthquakes in SCR seismic zones tend to occur in rocks where strain energy is concentrating. This observation is consistent with results from high resolution tomographic images of fault zones in California.

  8. Stress development in heterogenetic lithosphere: Insights into earthquake processes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Yan; Hou, Guiting; Kusky, Timothy; Gregg, Patricia M.

    2016-03-01

    The New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) in the Midwestern United States was the site of several major M 6.8-8 earthquakes in 1811-1812, and remains seismically active. Although this region has been investigated extensively, the ultimate controls on earthquake initiation and the duration of the seismicity remain unclear. In this study, we develop a finite element model for the Central United States to conduct a series of numerical experiments with the goal of determining the impact of heterogeneity in the upper crust, the lower crust, and the mantle on earthquake nucleation and rupture processes. Regional seismic tomography data (CITE) are utilized to infer the viscosity structure of the lithosphere which provide an important input to the numerical models. Results indicate that when differential stresses build in the Central United States, the stresses accumulating beneath the Reelfoot Rift in the NMSZ are highly concentrated, whereas the stresses below the geologically similar Midcontinent Rift System are comparatively low. The numerical observations coincide with the observed distribution of seismicity throughout the region. By comparing the numerical results with three reference models, we argue that an extensive mantle low velocity zone beneath the NMSZ produces differential stress localization in the layers above. Furthermore, the relatively strong crust in this region, exhibited by high seismic velocities, enables the elevated stress to extend to the base of the ancient rift system, reactivating fossil rifting faults and therefore triggering earthquakes. These results show that, if boundary displacements are significant, the NMSZ is able to localize tectonic stresses, which may be released when faults close to failure are triggered by external processes such as melting of the Laurentide ice sheet or rapid river incision.

  9. Ground motion-simulations of 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes, central United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez-Guzman, L.; Graves, Robert; Olsen, Kim B.; Boyd, Oliver; Cramer, Chris H.; Hartzell, Stephen; Ni, Sidao; Somerville, Paul G.; Williams, Robert; Zhong, Jinquan

    2015-01-01

    We performed a suite of numerical simulations based on the 1811–1812 New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) earthquakes, which demonstrate the importance of 3D geologic structure and rupture directivity on the ground‐motion response throughout a broad region of the central United States (CUS) for these events. Our simulation set consists of 20 hypothetical earthquakes located along two faults associated with the current seismicity trends in the NMSZ. The hypothetical scenarios range in magnitude from M 7.0 to 7.7 and consider various epicenters, slip distributions, and rupture characterization approaches. The low‐frequency component of our simulations was computed deterministically up to a frequency of 1 Hz using a regional 3D seismic velocity model and was combined with higher‐frequency motions calculated for a 1D medium to generate broadband synthetics (0–40 Hz in some cases). For strike‐slip earthquakes located on the southwest–northeast‐striking NMSZ axial arm of seismicity, our simulations show 2–10 s period energy channeling along the trend of the Reelfoot rift and focusing strong shaking northeast toward Paducah, Kentucky, and Evansville, Indiana, and southwest toward Little Rock, Arkansas. These waveguide effects are further accentuated by rupture directivity such that an event with a western epicenter creates strong amplification toward the northeast, whereas an eastern epicenter creates strong amplification toward the southwest. These effects are not as prevalent for simulations on the reverse‐mechanism Reelfoot fault, and large peak ground velocities (>40  cm/s) are typically confined to the near‐source region along the up‐dip projection of the fault. Nonetheless, these basin response and rupture directivity effects have a significant impact on the pattern and level of the estimated intensities, which leads to additional uncertainty not previously considered in magnitude estimates of the 1811–1812 sequence based only on historical

  10. Project Based Learning experiences in the space engineering education at Technical University of Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Jacobo; Laverón-Simavilla, Ana; del Cura, Juan M.; Ezquerro, José M.; Lapuerta, Victoria; Cordero-Gracia, Marta

    2015-10-01

    This work describes the innovation activities performed in the field of space education since the academic year 2009/10 at the Technical University of Madrid (UPM), in collaboration with the Spanish User Support and Operations Center (E-USOC), the center assigned by the European Space Agency (ESA) in Spain to support the operations of scientific experiments on board the International Space Station. These activities have been integrated within the last year of the UPM Aerospace Engineering degree. A laboratory has been created, where students have to validate and integrate the subsystems of a microsatellite using demonstrator satellites. In parallel, the students participate in a Project Based Learning (PBL) training process in which they work in groups to develop the conceptual design of a space mission. One student in each group takes the role of project manager, another one is responsible for the mission design and the rest are each responsible for the design of one of the satellite subsystems. A ground station has also been set up with the help of students developing their final thesis, which will allow future students to perform training sessions and learn how to communicate with satellites, how to receive telemetry and how to process the data. Several surveys have been conducted along two academic years to evaluate the impact of these techniques in engineering learning. The surveys evaluate the acquisition of specific and generic competences, as well as the students' degree of satisfaction with respect to the use of these learning methodologies. The results of the surveys and the perception of the lecturers show that PBL encourages students' motivation and improves their results. They not only acquire better technical training, but also improve their transversal skills. It is also pointed out that this methodology requires more dedication from lecturers than traditional methods.

  11. Enhancement of archaeological heritage. El Risco de las Cuevas at Perales de Tajuña, Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire-Lista, David Martin; Alvarez de Buergo, Mónica; Fort, Rafael

    2016-04-01

    Heritage conservation has a great impact on the economy of a country. The enhancement of archaeological sites is an investment that promotes tourism and culture. The interdisciplinary knowledge of heritage should be the basis of its management. Preventive actions, non-destructive analytical techniques and monitoring for the conservation of these assets should be promoted. "El Risco de las Cuevas" is a highly decayed and nearly vertical gypsum escarpment which contains a series of dwellings excavated during the Chalcolithic and much more recent times. It is located at Perales de Tajuña, 40 km southeast of Madrid, Spain. This monument is approximately 70 metres high and 500 metres wide. It was listed as a cultural and monumental heritage site by the regional government of Madrid in 1998. The gypsum escarpment housing the dwellings forms part of a lower Miocene unit (Madrid Basin). Debris cones with a mixture of debris from the lower, medium and upper units are found at the bottom of the rockwall. The vulnerability of this monument to atmospheric agents has been studied using "in situ" monitoring techniques of humidity, temperature and rate of rockfalls. Drones have been used for aerial photography in the highest areas of the escarpment and have provided an information network of fractures likely to cause rockfall. Gypsum artificial accelerated ageing has been carried out in the laboratory, including freeze/thaw, wet/dry, thermal shock and dissolution tests. To determine the response of these accelerated ageing processes, density, micro-roughness, ultrasound velocities (Vp and Vs), air permeability and microscopy measurements were made before, during and after ageing tests. Geomorphological studies, rates of decay, material characteristics and durability tests indicate that the decay is controlled by the mineralogy, clay content and porosity of the gypsum rock, as well as microclimate, temperature changes and rock fractures. Rockfalls are particularly relevant in the

  12. Length of residence and risk of eating disorders in immigrant adolescents living in Madrid: the AFINOS study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Esteban-Gonzalo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study was designed to compare the risk of having an eating disorder (ED among immigrant and native adolescents living in Madrid and to determine the possible influence of length of residence (LOR on the risk of the immigrants. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from november 2007 to february 2008 in a representative sample of adolescents aged 13 to 17 years (n = 2,077, 1,052 girls living in the Madrid region. Data were collected using the Spanish version of the SCOFF Eating Disorders Questionnaire. Further factors considered were country of birth, LOR and several biological, sociodemographic, lifestyle and health-related variables. Results: According to the three logistic regression models constructed, female immigrant adolescents on the whole showed a greater ED risk (OR = 1.95; 95%CI 1.292.95; p = 0.001 than native adolescents. Moreover, the likelihood of ED was higher among female immigrants living in Spain for <6 years than for Spanish native females (OR = 2.44; 95%CI 1.42-4.18; p = 0.001, while no significant differences were found when female natives were compared with female immigrants living in this country for ≥ 6 years. Similarly, no differences were observed in the ED risk recorded for male native and immigrant adolescents, both as a whole and by length of residence in Spain. Conclusions: The immigrant status and the length of Spanish residence are relevant factors in regard to the ED risk in adolescents living in Madrid.

  13. Risk factors associated with the blood lead levels of children in the Community of Madrid in 2010

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    José María Ordóñez-Iriarte

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lead is a toxic element for humans, with children being the most vulnerable population.Objective: To find out the risk factors associated to the existing blood lead levels (BLLs of children in the Community of Madrid, after 9 years of lead being banned in gasoline.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2010 with a sample of 85 children, less than 15 years of age, recruited via the outpatients’ service of the Pediatrics Department of the Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Madrid. Routine blood tests provided the opportunity for determining other blood parameters. Lead levels were measured using electrothermal-atomization atomic absorption spectrometry with the Zeeman-effect background correction. In addition, a survey was undertaken directed to the parents for gathering information about a series of socioeconomic and environmental variables.Results: The arithmetic mean of the BLLs in the children was 1.1 μg/dL (SD=0.7 μg/dL with a range from 0.1 μg/dL to 3.4 μg/dL. The geometric mean was 0.9 μg/dL (SD= 1.1 μg/dL. The risk factors associated to these BLLs are the following: playing in the street; low educational level of the parents; leisure activities of one of the parents linked to lead; tobacco smoking of the father; and drinking tap water.Conclusions: The BLLs of the children in the Community of Madrid have decreased, but there are still sociodemographic and environmental risk factors associated to the present levels.

  14. The Olmsted fault zone, southernmost Illinois: A key to understanding seismic hazard in the northern new Madrid seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bexfield, C.E.; McBride, J.H.; Pugin, Andre J.M.; Nelson, W.J.; Larson, T.H.; Sargent, S.L.

    2005-01-01

    Geological deformation in the northern New Madrid seismic zone, near Olmsted, Illinois (USA), is analyzed using integrated compressional-wave (P) and horizontally polarized-wave (SH) seismic reflection and regional and dedicated borehole information. Seismic hazards are of special concern because of strategic facilities (e.g., lock and dam sites and chemical plants on the Ohio River near its confluence with the Mississippi River) and because of alluvial soils subject to high amplification of earthquake shock. We use an integrated approach starting with lower resolution, but deeper penetration, P-wave reflection profiles to identify displacement of Paleozoic bedrock. Higher resolution, but shallower penetration, SH-wave images show deformation that has propagated upward from bedrock faults into Pleistocene loess. We have mapped an intricate zone more than 8 km wide of high-angle faults in Mississippi embayment sediments localized over Paleozoic bedrock faults that trend north to northeast, parallel to the Ohio River. These faults align with the pattern of epicenters in the New Madrid seismic zone. Normal and reverse offsets along with positive flower structures imply a component of strike-slip; the current stress regime favors right-lateral slip on northeast-trending faults. The largest fault, the Olmsted fault, underwent principal displacement near the end of the Cretaceous Period 65 to 70 million years ago. Strata of this age (dated via fossil pollen) thicken greatly on the downthrown side of the Olmsted fault into a locally subsiding basin. Small offsets of Tertiary and Quaternary strata are evident on high-resolution SH-wave seismic profiles. Our results imply recent reactivation and possible future seismic activity in a critical area of the New Madrid seismic zone. This integrated approach provides a strategy for evaluating shallow seismic hazard-related targets for engineering concerns. ?? 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Propuesta de intervención en el área de psicomotricidad para una escuela infantil de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago-Pérez, Nerea

    2012-01-01

    La psicomotricidad forma parte del desarrollo infantil y relaciona funciones neuromotrices que dirigen la actividad motora (gatear, caminar, correr, etc.) y funciones psíquicas relacionadas con aspectos de organización espacio-temporal, memoria, lenguaje, etc. El presente trabajo pretende aproximarse a la realidad de la práctica psicomotriz en una escuela infantil de Madrid en los niveles de 14 meses- 3 años. Para valorar la situación real de esta escuela madrileña y plantear, en caso n...

  16. Factores sociales en las pautas de desplazamiento y uso del coche de la movilidad obligada de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Hoz Sánchez, Daniel de la; Pfaffenbichler, Paul

    2008-01-01

    El principal aspecto analizado en este estudio es cómo la misma estructura urbana crea diferentes condiciones de movilidad para la movilidad realizada por hombres y mujeres. Focalizando el análisis en la movilidad obligada al trabajo en un contexto urbano definido como es la región de Madrid, se han analizado las decisiones de localización laboral y residencial de cada género que dan como resultado pautas de movilidad diferenciadas, tanto en distancias recorridas como modos de transporte util...

  17. Los espacios de actividad económica y la movilidad generada en la comunidad de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    López García de Leániz, Cristina; Gutierrez Puebla, Javier; Garcia Palomares, Juan Carlos

    2010-01-01

    Las transformaciones sociales, económicas y territoriales que han tenido lugar en las últimas décadas en Madrid, convergen hacia un modelo de ciudad difuso, más disperso, fragmentado y polinuclear, cuya corona metropolitana está cada vez más poblada. Los cambios territoriales también llevan asociados unos cambios en las pautas de la movilidad más centradas en el vehículo privado, realizándose cada vez viajes más largos y dando lugar a redes de flujos con una complejidad creciente. La movilida...

  18. Modelos de conectividad del paisaje a distintas escalas: ejemplos de aplicación en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Sastre Olmos, Pablo; Lucio Fernández, José Vicente de; Martínez Alandi, Carlota

    2002-01-01

    Los cambios en el paisaje de la Comunidad de Madrid pueden afectar en gran medida a la capacidad de dispersión de las especies, amenazando la conservación de la integridad ecológica y la conectividad funcional de la red de espacios naturales. Los elementos lineales del paisaje tienen un papel fundamental en la conectividad por sus funciones de corredor y de barrera. Sin embargo, pasan desapercibidos a las escalas normales de planificación territorial. En este trabajo presentamos e...

  19. Evaluación del potencial fotovoltaico del Campus Sur de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Raga Arroyo, Manuela Pilar

    2013-01-01

    El presente proyecto engloba el estudio del potencial fotovoltaico del Campus Sur de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Este estudio se divide en tres partes. En primer lugar, se calcula la productividad del campus. En segundo lugar, se diseña la disposición de los generadores fotovoltaicos en los terrenos disponibles. Como paso final, se realiza un estudio económico de distintos supuestos. Para realizar los cálculos de productividad, se utiliza IESPRO, un programa desarrollado...

  20. La temperatura diurna en la aglomeración de Madrid mediante imágenes remotas

    OpenAIRE

    López Gómez, Antonio; Palou, Francisco; Moreno Jiménez, Antonio; Fernández García, Felipe

    1990-01-01

    [ES] La temperatura diurna en la aglomeración de Madrid mediante imágenes remotas. El presente artículo constituye una exploración del microclima urbano de la aglomeración madrileña a través del análisis de sus aspectos térmicos diurnos. Para tal fin se han conjugado dos fuentes de información: por un lado registros con termómetros digitales de las temperaturas del aire y, por otro, la banda del infrarrojo térmico suministrada por el Thematic Mapper del Landsat 5. Su estudio ha puest...

  1. Relaciones entre Actividad Física y Salud Mental en la Población Adulta de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez-Romo, Gabriel; Barriopedro, Mª Isabel; Alonso Salazar, Pedro J.; Garrido-Muñoz, María

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar las relaciones entre la actividad física, los niveles de salud mental y la vulnerabilidad a los trastornos mentales. Participaron 1.422 personas residentes en la Comunidad de Madrid (edad: 15-74 años), evaluándose sus niveles de actividad física y salud mental mediante los cuestionarios GPAQv2 (Global Physical Activity Questionnaire Version 2) y GHQ-12 (General Health Questionnaire), respectivamente. Los resultados evidencian que los sujetos con nivele...

  2. Proyectos de cárceles en la Real Academia de Nobles Artes de Madrid (1826-1853)

    OpenAIRE

    García Melero, José Enrique

    2001-01-01

    Estudio de los proyectos de cárceles realizados por los aspirantes a los títulos de arquitecto y de maestro de obras en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando de Madrid entre los años 1814-1844. Se analiza en paificular el modelo de planta, que semeja un palacio fortificado. También se estudian en general los elementos arquitectónicos de todos los proyectos: la posible ubicación de las cárceles proyectadas en determinadas ciudades españolas, ...

  3. [Gerontosocial work in the context of Russian culture and recommendations of Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danilova, R I; Golubeva, E Iu

    2007-01-01

    The definition of gerontosocial work adopted in the majority of the European countries in the context of the Russian culture and priority trends of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing has been discussed. In the article the interaction and differences between terms being used in social work with the elderly people in Russia have been showed; tasks and peculiarities of gerontosocial work have been defined. Peculiarities of interaction between personnel and elderly patients have been studied; the increasing requirements to the professionalism of gerontosocial workers have been proved.

  4. Green House Gas emissions from alternative waste management technologies in a city. The case of Madrid (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Lumbreras Martin, Julio; Pérez Rodríguez, Javier; Vedrenne, Michel; Rodriguez Hurtado, Encarnación

    2015-01-01

    This work presents different technological solutions for waste management focusing on their impact on GHG emissions, and therefore, on their contribution to climate change. Several alternatives are shown using Madrid as a case study to quantitatively illustrate differences in carbon emissions and potential effects.El trabajo se centra en el análisis de diversas alternativas técnicas centradas en la disminución de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero ligadas a la gestión de los residuo...

  5. CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN SECONDARY EDUCATION IN MADRID: INSTITUTIONAL EXPERIENCES AND PRACTICES WITH LATIN-AMERICAN IMMIGRANT STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Poveda, David; Jociles, María Isabel; Franzé, Adela

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we discuss results from a project that investigates the socio-academic trajectories and potential processes of educational exclusion of immigrant adolescents in Spanish compulsory secondary education (ESO, for students between 12-16 years of age). The major part of the study is a multi-level holistic ethnography of an urban secondary school in the south-west of Madrid conducted during two academic years (2007-08 and 2008-09). In this article we focus on four dimensions of the in...

  6. 2 obras de Fisac en Madrid: Edificio «Vega» para oficinas y vivienda unifamiliar en Somosaguas

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    Fisac, M.

    1967-11-01

    Full Text Available 2 Buildings by M. Fisac «Vega» office building in Madrid This aesthetically thought out building is eminently urban, with natural gardens and no enclosing fences or artificial obstacles separating the site from the street. The «Vega» building comprises a central block, with the vertical communications, including stairs and three lifts, and and three wings that correspond to the triangular shape of the site. The basic constructional mediiun, which has been very wisely used, both for the paraments and flooring, is untreated reinforced concrete. Single family dwelling at Somosaguas, Madrid The various zones of the building have been planned mainly in relation to their orientation, so that the living zone faces to the South, and the bedrooms are on the East. Also, the separate parts of the building are situated at various levels, to have as much sunshine as possible, and achieve optimum adaptation to the site profile. The garden is also planned on multiple levels in accord with the ground topography. In this building, too, untreated concrete has been adopted almost exclusively, together with precast units and granite stone.Edificio «Vega» para oficinas, en Madrid Estéticamente concebido con un carácter eminentemente urbano, con ajardinamientos libres, sin vallas ni obstáculos a las calles colindantes, dicho edificio «Vega» está compuesto: — por un nudo central, en el que están situados los enlaces verticales: una escalera y tres ascensores; — y tres ramas que corresponden a los tres vértices del triángulo del solar. El material fundamental y sabiamente empleado en estructura y forjados, es el hormigón armado visto. Vivienda unifamiliar en Somosaguas, Madrid La composición de las distintas ZONAS del edificio se ha hecho atendiendo, principalmente, a las características de vistas y orientación, quedando, a mediodía, la zona de estar, y a saliente, la de dormitorios. Asimismo, las diversas partes del edificio aparecen

  7. LA MEJORA DE LA CONVIVENCIA EN UN INSTITUTO DE EDUCACIÓN SECUNDARIA DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Carlos Torrego Seijo

    2010-01-01

    El presente artículo hace referencia a las principales conclusiones obtenidas a partir del estudio de un caso relativo a un centro de Educación Secundaria de la Comunidad de Madrid (España). El interés del caso radica en que el centro ha destacado por promover la mejora de la convivencia. Esta iniciativa se enmarcó en un proyecto más amplio de investigación sobre la innovación educativa en España, dirigido por Carlos Marcelo (2008), y financiado por el Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, a tra...

  8. La mejora de la convivencia en un Instituto de Educaci??n Secundaria de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Torrego Seijo, Juan Carlos

    2011-01-01

    El presente art??culo hace referencia a las principales conclusiones obtenidas a partir del estudio de un caso relativo a un centro de Educaci??n Secundaria de la Comunidad de Madrid (Espa??a). El inter??s del caso radica en que el centro ha destacado por promover la mejora de la convivencia. Esta iniciativa se enmarc?? en un proyecto m??s amplio de investigaci??n sobre la innovaci??n educativa en Espa??a, dirigido por Carlos Marcelo (2008), y financiado por el Ministerio de ...

  9. La cultura skate en las sociedades contemporáneas: una aproximación etnográfica a la ciudad de Madrid

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    Rubén Díez García

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an approach to the study of skateboarding in the city of Madrid through a multi-sited ethnographic study which combines online and offline research. Based on this methodology, we show an analysis of some of the main characteristics of the skate culture in our society, particularly in the city of Madrid, putting the emphasis on the most intersubjective and cultural aspects of this reality. In recent years skateboarding has experienced a visible increase in Madrid and the analytic frame that we propose for studying its diffusion and escalation, answers to changes in the cultural order of western societies and the skate culture in itself, in dynamic interdependence with the economic sphere, as the order of production and distribution of cultural and sporting services and goods.

  10. Factores psicosociales y formación de imágenes en el turismo urbano: un estudio de caso sobre Madrid

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    Castaño, José Manuel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyse the influence of psychosocial factors on image-destination, using for this purpose the case of Madrid. We have used two different samples with 1200 and 2000 visitors respectively, to whom we have applied two questionnaires –in relevant city tourist settings-. With this questionnaire we aimed to measure the following variables in relation with the visit in Madrid: socio demographic information; stay characteristics (such as type of accommodation, stay duration, visiting frequency; primary and secondary motivation; level of satisfaction in relation to several services and destination image (measured trough a five intervals Likert’s scale with 15 items about infrastructures and services, cultural and leisure offer, host characteristics, etc.. We have calculated independent contrasts between variables related to travel characteristics and sociodemographic and psychosocial ones. Fur-thermore we have contrasted, through regression analysis, the influence of all these variables on the image of Madrid

  11. War photographers: the photographic coverage of the Spanish Civil War in Madrid (1936-1939 Fotógrafos de guerra: la cobertura fotográfica de la Guerra Civil Española en Madrid (1936-1939

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    Beatriz de las Heras

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The target of this communication consists in analyzing the role developed by press photographers, both national and international, who worked in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. In this way, we will reflect on their working conditions, the limitations in their activities and the control exerted by the authorities in charge. We will also approach a highly interesting point to those who study the image as a knowledge source of the past: the different ways press photographers had to “look into” depending on the channel in which their work is distributed. El objetivo de esta comunicación es aproximarnos al papel desarrollado por los fotógrafos, nacionales e internacionales, que trabajaron en la ciudad de Madrid durante la Guerra Civil Española. De este modo reflexionaremos acerca de sus condiciones de trabajo, las limitaciones en su actividad y el control ejercido por las autoridades responsables, y abordaremos una cuestión altamente interesante para aquellos que estudiamos la imagen como fuente de conocimiento del pasado: las distintas maneras de “mirar” que tienen los fotógrafos dependiendo del canal por el que se distribuye su trabajo.

  12. La arquitectura del entretenimiento en los espacios públicos: el quiosco de música en la Comunidad de Madrid. Tipologia e invariantes

    OpenAIRE

    Osanz Diaz, Jose Ramon

    2015-01-01

    Se pretende estudiar los quioscos de música en un espacio, (Comunidad de Madrid), y en un tiempo, (desde 1897 año del más antiguo localizado en la Comunidad de Madrid, hasta 2005 por cambio de ciclo político y crisis económica, constando que la actividad constructiva, modificadora y destructiva de los quioscos de música sigue), difundiendo el estudio de los localizados, para que se valoren como objetos arquitectónicos, (de poco tamaño, pero situados y vistos en los lugares más representativos...

  13. Desconectados sociales. El no uso de las redes sociales entre los adolescentes y jóvenes de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Carrillo Pascual, Elena

    2015-01-01

    Tesis Doctoral leída en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid en 2015. Directores de la Tesis: Belén Puebla Martínez y Pedro Pérez Cuadrado El presente trabajo tiene por objeto de análisis el no uso de las redes sociales entre los adolescentes y jóvenes de la Comunidad de Madrid1. Para ello, prestaremos especial atención al caso de Facebook, debido a que es la red social que concentra mayor número de usuarios, tanto en España ¿con 22 millones de perfiles2¿, como a nivel mund...

  14. Fondos y colecciones fotográficos del Archivo y Biblioteca Regional de la Comunidad de Madrid : descripción y análisis

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Rey, Noela

    2013-01-01

    Es objeto de este trabajo de investigación analizar y dar a conocer a la comunidad científica los diecisiete fondos y colecciones ubicados en el Archivo y Biblioteca Regional de la Comunidad de Madrid. Hasta la fecha los fondos y colecciones objeto de estudio son: Arenillas, Antonio “El Bailarín”, Cristóbal Portillo, Diputación Provincial de Madrid, Fábrica de Cervezas y Hielo Mahou, Galerías Preciados, Inclusa, Instituto Cardenal Cisneros, José Lope de Lope, Juan Moya, Martín Santos Yubero, ...

  15. Multifractal characteristics of NDVI maps in space and time in the Community of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotoca, Juan J. Martin; Saa-Requejo, Antonio; Grau, Juan B.; Tarquis, Ana M.

    2015-04-01

    Satellite information has contributed to improve our understanding of the spatial variability of hydro-climatic and ecological processes. Vegetation activity is tightly coupled with climate, hydro-ecological fluxes, and terrain dynamics in river basins at a wide range of space-time scales (Scheuring and Riedi, 1994). Indices of vegetation activity are constructed using satellite information of reflectance of the relevant spectral bands which enhance the contribution of vegetation being Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) widely used. How can we study such a complex system? Multifractals and fractals are related techniques mainly used in physics to characterize the scaling behaviour of a system; they differ in that fractals look at the geometry of presence/absence patterns, while multifractals look at the arrangement of quantities such as population or biomass densities (Saravia et al., 2012). Scaling laws are an emergent general feature of ecological systems; they reflect constraints in their organization that can provide tracks about the underlying mechanisms (Solé and Bascompte, 2006). In this work, we have applied these techniques to study the spatial pattern through one year of NDVI maps. A rectangular area that includes the Community of Madrid and part of the surroundings, consisting of 300 x 280 pixels with a resolution of 500 x 500 m2 has been selected and monthly NDVI maps analyzed using the multifractal spectrum and the map of singularities (Cheng and Agterberg, 1996). The results show a cyclical pattern in the multifractal behaviour and singularity points related to river basin networks (Martín-Sotoca, 2014). References Cheng, Q. and Agterberg, F.P. (1996). Multifractal modeling and spatial statistics. Math. Geol. Vol 28, 1-16. Martín-Sotoca, J.J. (2014) Estructura Espacial de la Sequía en Pastos y sus Aplicaciones en el Seguro Agrario. Master Thesis, UPM (In Spanish). Saravia LA, Giorgi A, Momo F.: Multifractal growth in periphyton

  16. Imported malaria in an area in southern Madrid, 2005-2008

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    Rubio José M

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Spain, malaria cases are mostly due to migrants and travellers returning from endemic areas. The objective of this work was to describe the malaria cases diagnosed at the Severo Ochoa University Hospital (HUSO in Leganés in the south of the Madrid Region from 2005 to 2008. Methods Descriptive retrospective study performed at HUSO. Data sources are registries from the Microbiology Department and malaria cases notified to the Preventive Medicine Department. Analysed parameters were: administrative, demographical, related to the stay at the endemic country, clinical, microbiological diagnosis method, pregnancy, treatment and prophylaxis, co-infections, and days of hospital stay. Results Fifty-seven patients diagnosed with malaria were studied. Case distribution per year was 13 in 2005, 15 in 2006, 15 in 2007 and 14 in 2008. Thirty-three patients were female (57.9% and 24 male (42.1%. Mean age was 27.8 years. Most of the malaria cases were acquired in Nigeria (49.1% and Equatorial Guinea (32.7%. 29.1% of the patients were immigrants who had arrived recently, and 61.8% acquired malaria when travelling to their countries of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFR. Majority of cases were diagnosed between June and September. Microscopy was positive in 39 cases (68.4% immunochromatography in 42 (73.7% and PCR in the 55 cases where performed. Plasmodium falciparum was responsible for 94.7% of the cases. The more frequent symptoms were fever (77.2%, followed by headache and gastrointestinal symptoms (33.3%. Nine cases needed hospital admittance, a pregnant woman, three children, four VFR and an African tourist, but all evolved favourably. Chemoprophylaxis data was known from 55 patients. It was taken correctly in one case (1.8%, in five (9.1% the prophylaxis was improper while the others 49 (89.1% cases had not followed any anti-malarial prophylaxis. Conclusions Children, pregnant women and the VFR have the highest risk to

  17. Brote de criptosporidiosis en Guadarrama (Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid

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    Enrique Rodríguez-Salinas Pérez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: En la primavera de 1998 hubo un brote de gastroenteritis aguda en Guadarrama (Comunidad de Madrid, España que afectó sobre todo a niños en edad preescolar. Métodos: Se hizo un estudio descriptivo y analítico (casos y controles del brote. Se tomaron muestras para estudio microbiológico de las heces de los afectados. Se inspeccionó el sistema de captación de agua de consumo de propiedad municipal y se tomaron muestras para análisis microbiológico. Resultados: Veintiún niños/as de 0 a 5 años presentaron diarrea líquida de más de 5 días de duración. Se encontró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el consumo de agua del grifo y la gastroenteritis [OR=5,73 (1,18-43,30; p<0,05]. No se halló asociación con otras variables investigadas. Se detectaron ooquistes de Cryptosporidium parvum en heces de ocho de las personas afectadas. Se observaron deficiencias en el sistema de captación y depuración de agua de consumo público de propiedad municipal pero no se encontraron ooquistes en los análisis del agua. Conclusiones: Los resultados de la investigación epidemiológica sustentan que el origen del brote de gastroenteritis por Cryptosporidium parvum fue el agua del grifo. Aunque no se detectó este parásito en los análisis de agua, esto es explicable por las dificultades que entraña esta técnica. En la revisión bibliográfica, no se han hallado descripciones de brotes epidémicos similares en nuestro país, pero según algunos informes, no son infrecuentes en países de nuestro entorno. Por tanto, Cryptosporidium parvum debería ser tenido en cuenta en el diagnóstico y manejo de estas situaciones.

  18. El Jardín Botánico de Madrid y sus relaciones con Francia

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    Peset, José Luis

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available The Botanical Garden from Madrid was created in 1755 with the purpose of studying and cultivate the medicinal plants. Its ulterior evolution is characterized for its relationship with the Garden of Plants of Paris, circumstance that retarded the application of the Linnean system in favor of the model of Tournefort. With the transfer of the Garden, in 1774, to its actual location of the Paseo del Prado, the French bond increases. The first professor, Casimiro Gómez Ortega, travels to Paris where he contacts with André Thouin, Duhamel de Monceau, and Buffon, whose botanical guidelines try to introduce at his return. But it will be at the posterior management of Claudio Boutelou, during the reign of José I, when the French presence in the Garden obtains its paramount influence. Influence and collaboration between the two institutions that continues today.

    El madrileño Jardín Botánico fue creado en 1755 con el fin de estudiar y cultivar las plantas medicinales. Su ulterior evolución se caracteriza por su relación con el parisino Jardín de Plantas, circunstancia que retrasó la aplicación del sistema linneano en favor del modelo de Tournefort. Con el traslado en 1774 del Jardín a su actual emplazamiento del Paseo del Prado, el vínculo francés aumenta. El primer catedrático Casimiro Gómez Ortega viaja a París donde contacta con André Thouin, Duhamel de Monceau y Buffon, cuyas directrices botánicas trata de implantar a su regreso. Pero será con la posterior dirección de Claudio Boutelou, durante el reinado de José I, cuando la presencia francesa en el Jardín alcanza su máxima cuota. Influencia y colaboración entre las dos instituciones que llegará hasta hoy.

  19. NDVI statistical distribution of pasture areas at different times in the Community of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Sotoca, Juan J.; Saa-Requejo, Antonio; Díaz-Ambrona, Carlos G. H.; Tarquis, Ana M.

    2015-04-01

    The severity of drought has many implications for society, including its impacts on the water supply, water pollution, reservoir management and ecosystem. However, its impacts on rain-fed agriculture are especially direct. Because of the importance of drought, there have been many attempts to characterize its severity, resulting in the numerous drought indices that have been developed (Niemeyer 2008). 'Biomass index' based on satellite image derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) has been used in countries like United States of America, Canada and Spain for pasture and forage crops for some years (Rao, 2010). This type of agricultural insurance is named as 'index-based insurance' (IBI). IBI is perceived to be substantially less costly to operate and manage than multiple peril insurance. IBI contracts pay indemnities based not on the actual yield (or revenue) losses experienced by the insurance purchaser but rather based on realized NDVI values (historical data) that is correlated with farm-level losses (Xiaohui Deng et al., 2008). Definition of when drought event occurs is defined on NDVI threshold values mainly based in statistical parameters, average and standard deviation that characterize a normal distribution. In this work a pasture area at the north of Community of Madrid (Spain) has been delimited. Then, NDVI historical data was reconstructed based on remote sensing imaging MODIS, with 500x500m2 resolution. A statistical analysis of the NDVI histograms at consecutives 46 intervals of that area was applied to search for the best statistical distribution based on the maximum likelihood criteria. The results show that the normal distribution is not the optimal representation when IBI is available; the implications in the context of crop insurance are discussed (Martín-Sotoca, 2014). References Kolli N Rao. 2010. Index based Crop Insurance. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia 1, 193-203. Martín-Sotoca, J.J. (2014) Estructura Espacial

  20. The QBito CubeSat: Applications in Space Engineering Education at Technical University of Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez Fraile, Jose Javier; Laverón-Simavilla, Ana; Calvo, Daniel; Moreno Benavides, Efren

    The QBito CubeSat is one of the 50 CubeSats that is being developed for the QB50 project. The project is funded by the 7 (th) Frame Program to launch 50 CubeSats in a ‘string-of-pearls’ configuration for multi-point, in-situ measurements in the lower thermosphere and re-entry research. The 50 CubeSats, developed by an international network of universities and research institutions, will comprise 40 double CubeSats with atmospheric sensors and 10 double or triple CubeSats for science and technology demonstration. It will be the first large-scale CubeSat constellation in orbit; a concept that has been under discussion for several years but not implemented up to now. This project has a high educational interest for universities; beyond the scientific and technological results, being part of an international group of over 90 universities all over the world working and sharing knowledge to achieve a successful mission represents an exciting opportunity. The QBito project main educational motivation is to educate students in space technologies and in space systems engineering. The Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) is designing, developing, building and testing one of the double CubeSats carrying as payload a kit of atmospheric sensors from the consortium, and other payloads developed by the team such as an IR non-refrigerated sensor, a Phase Change Material (PCM) for thermal control applications, a Fuzzy Logic Attitude Control System and other technological developments such as an optimized antenna deployment mechanism, a lightweight multi-mission configurable structure, and an efficient Electric Power System (EPS) with a Maximum Peak Power Tracker (MPPT). This project has been integrated in the training of the Aerospatiale Engineering, Master and PhD degree students by involving them in the complete engineering process, from its conceptual design to the post-flight conclusions. Three subsystems have been selected for being developed from the conceptual design

  1. Seroepidemiología frente a citomegalovirus en la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Ory Manchón Fernando de

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La infección por citomegalovirus (CMV es frecuentemente asintomática. Sin embargo, constituye una importante causa de infección congénita y de patología severa en sujetos inmunodeprimidos, por lo que representa un problema en Salud Pública. El objeto de este trabajo fue conocer la prevalencia de IgG frente a CMV (IgG-CMV en la población general madrileña. Métodos: Estudio transversal en el que se detectó IgG-CMV en una muestra representativa de la población general de la Comunidad de Madrid de entre 2 y 60 años (n=2030. Se realizó un muestro bietápico estratificado por conglomerados (octubre de 1993 y febrero de 1994. Para el análisis estadístico se emplearon los test de *2 y *2 de tendencia lineal y se calcularon los porcentajes de seroprevalencia y los odds ratios con intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La seroprevalencia global fue del 62,8% (IC95%: 60,6-64,9; 66,7% (IC95%: 63,7-69,5 en mujeres y del 58,4% (IC95%: 55,2-61,5 en hombres. Se observó una asociación significativa entre el aumento de la edad y el incremento de la seroprevalencia. Fueron factores significativos de riesgo la consulta al dentista, antecedentes de cirugía, acupuntura y tatuajes. Los estudios superiores constituyeron un factor protector. Conclusión: Aunque los factores de riesgo detectados indican una posible transmisión vía sanguínea, la elevada prevalencia apunta a la existencia de otras vías mas comunes. El aumento de la seroprevalencia dependiente de la edad sugiere que se produce un número importante de infecciones en la edad adulta. No se puede excluir, sin embargo, que este aumento responda a un efecto cohorte debido a mejoras socioeconómicas similar al detectado para otros virus.

  2. SEROEPIDEMIOLOGÍA FRENTE A CITOMEGALOVIRUS EN LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Ory Manchón

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La infección por citomegalovirus (CMV es frecuentemente asintomática. Sin embargo, constituye una importante causa de infección congénita y de patología severa en sujetos inmunodeprimidos, por lo que representa un problema en Salud Pública. El objeto de este trabajo fue conocer la prevalencia de IgG frente a CMV (IgG-CMV en la población general madrileña. Métodos: Estudio transversal en el que se detectó IgG-CMV en una muestra representativa de la población general de la Comunidad de Madrid entre 2 y 60 años (n=2030. Se realizó un muestro bietápico estratificado por conglomerados (octubre de 1993 y febrero de 1994. Para el análisis estadístico se emplearon los test de 2 y 2 de tendencia lineal y se calcularon los porcentajes de seroprevalencia y los odds ratios con intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La seroprevalencia global fue del 62,8% (IC95%: 60,6-64,9; 66,7% (IC95%: 63,7-69,5 en mujeres y del 58,4% (IC95%: 55,2-61,5 en hombres. Se observó una asociación significativa entre el aumento de la edad y el incremento de la seroprevalencia. Fueron factores significativos de riesgo la consulta al dentista, antecedentes de cirugía, acupuntura y tatuajes. Los estudios superiores constituyeron un factor protector. Conclusión: Aunque los factores de riesgo detectados indican una posible transmisión vía sanguínea, la elevada prevalencia apunta a la existencia de otras vías mas comunes. El aumento de la seroprevalencia dependiente de la edad sugiere que se produce un número importante de infecciones en la edad adulta. No se puede excluir, sin embargo, que este aumento responda a un efecto cohorte debido a mejoras socioeconómicas similar al detectado para otros virus.

  3. Edificio para la nueva sede social de la empresa nacional de electricidad, S. A. Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Población, Eleuterio

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the design and execution of ENDESA building, in Madrid, is fully described. It is a compound of a twelve-storeyed and a two-storeyed buildings, separated by a garden. Being placed in a central district, a special adaptation to the bylaws was necessary concerning the volume and use conditions. Among its most remarkable characteristics it could be pointed out the subjection to a modular frame, the adequacy of the spaces for the activities that are to be developped in it and the adopted solutions for its closure.En el presente artículo se describe detalladamente el proyecto y ejecución del edificio ENDESA, en Madrid, compuesto por dos edificios de doce alturas uno, y dos el otro, unido por un espacio ajardinado. En céntrica situación ha exigido una especial adaptación a las Ordenanzas Municipales en cuanto a condiciones de volumen y uso. Entre sus características más notables pueden señalarse IQ sujeción a una red modular, la adecuación del espacio a las actividades que en él se desarrollarán y las soluciones adoptadas para su cerramiento.

  4. Health Care Austerity Measures in Times of Crisis: The Perspectives of Primary Health Care Physicians in Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heras-Mosteiro, Julio; Sanz-Barbero, Belén; Otero-Garcia, Laura

    2016-01-01

    The current financial crisis has seen severe austerity measures imposed on the Spanish health care system, including reduced public spending, copayments, salary reductions, and reduced services for undocumented migrants. However, the impacts have not been well-documented. We present findings from a qualitative study that explores the perceptions of primary health care physicians in Madrid, Spain. This article discusses the effects of austerity measures implemented in the public health care system and their potential impacts on access and utilization of primary health care services. This is the first study, to our knowledge, exploring the health care experiences during the financial crisis of general practitioners in Madrid, Spain. The majority of participating physicians disapproved of austerity measures implemented in Spain. The findings of this study suggest that undocumented migrants should regain access to health care services; copayments should be minimized and removed for patients with low incomes; and health care professionals should receive additional help to avoid burnout. Failure to implement these measures could result in the quality of health care further deteriorating and could potentially have long-term negative consequences on population health. PMID:26825100

  5. Testing sky brightness models against radial dependency: a dense two dimensional survey around the city of Madrid, Spain

    CERN Document Server

    Zamorano, Jaime; Ocaña, Francisco; Pila-Diez, Berenice; Castaño, José Gómez; Pascual, Sergio; Tapia, Carlos; Gallego, Jesús; Fernandez, Alberto; Nievas, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    We present a study of the night sky brightness around the extended metropolitan area of Madrid using Sky Quality Meter (SQM) photometers. The map is the first to cover the spatial distribution of the sky brightness in the center of the Iberian peninsula. These surveys are neccessary to test the light pollution models that predict night sky brightness as a function of the location and brightness of the sources of light pollution and the scattering of light in the atmosphere. We describe the data-retrieval methodology, which includes an automated procedure to measure from a moving vehicle in order to speed up the data collection, providing a denser and wider survey than previous works with similar time frames. We compare the night sky brightness map to the nocturnal radiance measured from space by the DMSP satellite. We find that i) a single source model is not enough to explain the radial evolution of the night sky brightness, despite the predominance of Madrid in size and population, and ii) that the orograph...

  6. Measuring the impact of pollution on property prices in Madrid: objective versus subjective pollution indicators in spatial models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mínguez, Román; Montero, José-María; Fernández-Avilés, Gema

    2013-04-01

    Much work has been done in the context of the hedonic price theory to estimate the impact of air quality on housing prices. Research has employed objective measures of air quality, but only slightly confirms the hedonic theory in the best of cases: the implicit price function relating housing prices to air pollution will, ceteris paribus, be negatively sloped. This paper compares the performance of a spatial Durbin model when using both objective and subjective measures of pollution. On the one hand, we design an Air Pollution Indicator based on measured pollution as the objective measure of pollution. On the other hand, the subjective measure of pollution employed to characterize neighborhoods is the percentage of residents who declare that the neighborhood has serious pollution problems, the percentage being referred to as residents' perception of pollution. For comparison purposes, the empirical part of this research focuses on Madrid (Spain). The study employs a proprietary database containing information about the price and 27 characteristics of 11,796 owner-occupied single family homes. As far as the authors are aware, it is the largest database ever used to analyze the Madrid housing market. The results of the study clearly favor the use of subjective air quality measures.

  7. Testing sky brightness models against radial dependency: A dense two dimensional survey around the city of Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.; Ocaña, F.; Pila-Díez, B.; Gómez Castaño, J.; Pascual, S.; Tapia, C.; Gallego, J.; Fernández, A.; Nievas, M.

    2016-09-01

    We present a study of the night sky brightness around the extended metropolitan area of Madrid using Sky Quality Meter (SQM) photometers. The map is the first to cover the spatial distribution of the sky brightness in the centre of the Iberian peninsula. These surveys are necessary to test the light pollution models that predict night sky brightness as a function of the location and brightness of the sources of light pollution and the scattering of light in the atmosphere. We describe the data-retrieval methodology, which includes an automated procedure to measure from a moving vehicle in order to speed up the data collection, providing a denser and wider survey than previous works with similar time frames. We compare the night sky brightness map to the nocturnal radiance measured from space by the DMSP satellite. We find that (i) a single source model is not enough to explain the radial evolution of the night sky brightness, despite the predominance of Madrid in size and population and (ii) that the orography of the region should be taken into account when deriving geo-specific models from general first-principles models. We show the tight relationship between these two luminance measures. This finding sets up an alternative roadmap to extended studies over the globe that will not require the local deployment of photometers or trained personnel.

  8. Transformaciones económicas y reorganización territorial en la región metropolitana de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Méndez

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available El cambio estructural que condiciona las estrategias competitivas de los diversos actores existentes en las grandes aglomeraciones urbanas ha provocado importantes y contradictorios efectos sobre la base económica, la especialización funcional, el mercado de trabajo y la organización de su territorio, con una rápida expansión superficial y nuevos contrastes internos. El artículo comienza con una revisión teórica sobre las transformaciones económicas y espaciales que afectan a los espacios metropolitanos, para ofrecer luego un análisis de la evolución reciente en Madrid, los cambios en la localización de las diferentes actividades y las nuevas formas de desigualdadThe structural change that conditions the competitive strategies of the different actors playing in the urban agglomerations have produced important but contradictory effects on the economic base, functional specialization, job market and territorial organization, with a quick expansion of limits and new internal contrasts. This paper shows a theoretical review on economic and spatial changes in metropolitan spaces and a general analysis of the recent evolution in Madrid, the location of different activities and the new ways of spatial unequality

  9. A local scale analysis on influencing factors of NOx emissions: Evidence from the Community of Madrid, Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with an important pollution problem affecting millions of people, especially in urban areas and large cities: NOx. This dangerous pollutant is emitted by high temperature combustion and therefore its main source is transportation, which in turn is a consequence of an increase in population and better economic conditions. To examine the determinants of NOx emissions in the Community of Madrid, which is one of the most densely populated regions in Europe, we use an augmented STIRPAT model and a massive dataset which includes kriging estimates of pollution records and integrates various sources of information. Unlike previous research, we carry out our analysis at local level, where the relationship between socio-economic factors and environment becomes more complex, by considering the 179 municipalities of the Community over the period 2000–2009. Our results suggest a positive and statistically significant relationship between private transport-related variables and NOx. Interestingly, the coefficients of the variables related to public transportation are all significant with different signs. The overall outcome illustrates that policy makers should encourage a significant modal shift towards public transport and invest in attractive alternative means of transport and particularly railways in order to reduce transport energy use and mitigate pollutant emissions. - Highlights: • We analyse the impact of transportation on NOx emissions in Madrid, Spain. • An augment STIRPAT model is used for empirical analysis. • We use a massive database which includes kriging estimates of pollution records. • Public transport-related variables show significant relationships with NOx

  10. El barrio de la Chueca of Madrid, Spain: an emerging epicenter of the global LGBT civil rights movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Omar; Dodge, Brian

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine and deconstruct the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) barrio (community) of Chueca in Madrid, Spain, from political and sociological perspectives. First, we develop a critical framework for understanding the historical, political, social, cultural, and economic changes that took place in Spain after Franco's death in relation to LGBT issues. Ethnographic research was conducted from May to July 2007 in the Spanish cities of Madrid, Barcelona, and Ibiza, and focused primarily on the community of Chueca. A social constructionist perspective was used to examine sociocultural issues in this ethnosexual community through an in-depth study of the dynamics of this barrio. The theoretical framework of intersectionality and the constitutive relations among social identities is exemplified in Chueca. Hence, individuals in Chueca and their intersectionality perspective reveal that their identities influence and shape their beliefs about gender and symbols. We describe how Chueca reflects recent progressive changes in LGBT-related laws and statutes drafted by the federal government and how these have influenced the high level of societal acceptance toward intimate same-sex relationships in Spain. Additionally, we exemplify and present Chueca as an enclave that has been affected by the globalization of the private market, "gay" identity, and enterprise, having a direct effect on cultural norms and social behaviors. Last, we examine the current state of the Chueca community relative to other developing LGBT Latino/a communities in the United States. PMID:20390991

  11. Health Care Austerity Measures in Times of Crisis: The Perspectives of Primary Health Care Physicians in Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heras-Mosteiro, Julio; Sanz-Barbero, Belén; Otero-Garcia, Laura

    2016-01-01

    The current financial crisis has seen severe austerity measures imposed on the Spanish health care system, including reduced public spending, copayments, salary reductions, and reduced services for undocumented migrants. However, the impacts have not been well-documented. We present findings from a qualitative study that explores the perceptions of primary health care physicians in Madrid, Spain. This article discusses the effects of austerity measures implemented in the public health care system and their potential impacts on access and utilization of primary health care services. This is the first study, to our knowledge, exploring the health care experiences during the financial crisis of general practitioners in Madrid, Spain. The majority of participating physicians disapproved of austerity measures implemented in Spain. The findings of this study suggest that undocumented migrants should regain access to health care services; copayments should be minimized and removed for patients with low incomes; and health care professionals should receive additional help to avoid burnout. Failure to implement these measures could result in the quality of health care further deteriorating and could potentially have long-term negative consequences on population health.

  12. Phylogenetic Analysis of Rubella Virus Strains from an Outbreak in Madrid, Spain, from 2004 to 2005 ▿ †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Torres, A. O.; Mosquera, M. M.; Sanz, J. C.; Ramos, B.; Echevarría, J. E.

    2009-01-01

    An outbreak of rubella affected 460 individuals in 2004 and 2005 in the community of Madrid, Spain. Most of the patients were nonvaccinated Latin American immigrants or Spanish males. This study presents the first data on rubella virus genotypes in Spain. Forty selected clinical samples (2 urine, 5 serum, 3 blood, 2 saliva, and 28 pharyngeal exudate samples) from 40 cases were collected. The 739-nucleotide sequence recommended by the World Health Organization obtained from viral RNA in these samples was analyzed by using the MEGA v4.0 software. Seventeen isolates were obtained from 40 clinical samples from the outbreak, including two isolated from congenital rubella syndrome cases. Only viral RNA of genotype 1j was detected in both isolates and clinical specimens. Two variations in amino acids, G253C and T394S, which are involved in neutralization epitopes arose during the outbreak, but apparently there was no positive selection of either of them. The origin of the outbreak remains unknown because of poor virologic surveillance in Latin America and the African countries neighboring Spain. On the other hand, this is the first report of this genotype in Europe. The few published sequences of genotype 1j indicate that it comes from Japan and the Philippines, but there are no epidemiological data supporting this as the origin of the Madrid outbreak. PMID:19020066

  13. Market penetration analysis of the use of hydrogen in the road transport sector of the Madrid region, using MARKAL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Contreras, A.; Guervos, E. [Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia (UNED), Juan del Rosal 12, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Posso, F. [Science Department, ULA - Tachira, San Cristobal 5001 (Venezuela)

    2009-01-15

    Nobody can doubt today that hydrogen will, in the not-too-distant future, represent a very significant percentage of the total energy used by the transport sector. This study therefore consists of the modelling and simulation of energy consumption, by type of vehicle and fuel or energetic vector, in the road transport sector of the Madrid Region, during the period 2010-2050, using the MARKAL model. It has been necessary to complete this model by adding numerous specifications in order to determine the features of the Madrid Region, the richest Region in Spain. For the purpose of the study, three growth scenarios, based on short-term energy forecasts made by different official organizations, have been proposed for the energy consumption of the road transport sector in the Region. The results show a profound change in the current situation as there is a significant decrease in the consumption of fossil fuels and an increase in that of alternative non-fossil fuels and hydrogen. The latter, in particular, will rise from 0.1% in the year 2010, to around 50% in the year 2050, which will mean a drastic drop in the sector's CO{sub 2} and atmospheric pollutant emissions. (author)

  14. A multi-methodological approach to study the temporal and spatial distribution of air quality related to road transport emissions in Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Pedro; Miranda, Regina

    2013-04-01

    The traffic-related atmospheric emissions, composition and transport of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and air toxic pollutants (ATPs), are an important environmental problem that affect climate change and air pollution in Madrid, Spain. Carbon dioxide (CO2) affects the regional weather and particularly fine particle matter (PM) translocate to the people resulting in local health problems. As the main source of emissions comes from road transport, and subsequent combustion of fossil fuels, air quality deterioration may be elevated during weekdays and peak hours. We postulate that traffic-related air quality (CO2, methane CH4, PM, volatile organic compounds VOCs, nitrogen oxides NOx and carbon monoxide CO contents) impairs epidemiology in part via effects on health and disease development, likely increasing the external costs of transport in terms of climate change and air pollution. First, the paper intends to estimate the local air quality related to the road transport emissions of weeks over a domain covering Madrid (used as a case study). The local air quality model (LAQM) is based on gridded and shaped emission fields. The European Environmental Agency (EEA) COPERT modeling system will provide GHGs and ATPs gridded and shaped emission data and mobile source parameters, available for Madrid from preliminary emission inventory records of the Municipality of Madrid and from disaggregated traffic counts of the Traffic Engineering Company and the Metropolitan Company of Metro (METRO-Madrid). The paper intends to obtain estimates of GHGs and ATPs concentrations commensurate with available ground measurements, 24-hour average values, from the Municipality of Madrid. The comparison between estimated concentrations and measurements must show small errors (e.g. fractional error, fractional bias and coefficient of determination). The paper's expected results must determine spatial and temporal patterns in Madrid. The estimates will be used to cross check the primary local

  15. Contribution of CIEMAT in the MYRRHA neutronic design; Contribucion del CIEMAT al diseno nuetronico de MYRRHA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin-Fuertes, F.; Vazquez, M.; Alvarez, F.; Malambu, E.; Fernandez, R.; Baeten, P.

    2011-07-01

    The MYRRHA installation is an initiative SCK-CEN Belgian in the that collaborating 18 other European institutions industry, research centers and universities. This is a power reactor capable of operating in a critical and subcritical, in this case assisted by a source of intense neutron spallation reactions obtained by the refrigerant itself. The core develops a fast neutron spectrum as a result of using a lead-bismuth eutectic as coolant and fuel in form of mixed oxide of uranium and plutonium.

  16. Estación de Chamartín Madrid – España

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    López Astorga, Roberto

    1976-11-01

    Full Text Available This group of constructions which constitutes the final phase in the Chamartín railway station, situated in the northern part of Madrid, consist of: — A 18,250 m2 local train station which comprises halls, cafeterias, shops, luggage room, offices of Zone 1 of the Renfe and various other service installations. - A building for goods and sleeping carriages with storage department, customs, etc., and 7,025 m2 of usable area. — A 71,380 m2 long distance station with similar, although more ample services to those of the local train station; moreover, it is provided with a covered parking site and various complementary installation. — A 24,670 m2 hotel with a capacity of 210 rooms, distributed over five storeys, to which 4 more storeys can be added, whereby the capacity would be increased to 378 rooms. — A thermic central of 5,810 m2 contains all the installations required for this group of buildings. The complex is completed by service corridors for luggage and goods, parking places, connecting pedestrian crossing, and a complete road system with roads both at ground level as well as overhead and underground; a theatre and a big pedestrian square that forms the focus and connecting element between all the buildings. The design of the complex was determined according to the following factors: — Integration with the city: By means of the open arrangement of the various constructions towards the city and by the big pedestrian square that constitutes an efficient link with the adjoinining zones. — Connection with the city: Direct access to two main highways and several means of public transport, such as: underground station parallel to the platforms; bus lines with a stop at the entrance of the terminal; taxi station, etc. — Separation of the traffic within the complex from the city traffic: By means of traffic ways at different levels. — Maximum use of already constructed parts: By utilizing already finished works

  17. Inmigración extranjera en la Comunidad de Madrid. Consolidación del hecho social migratorio y emergencia de un modelo de gestión de la diversidad Inmigración extranjera en la Comunidad de Madrid. Consolidación del hecho social migratorio y emergencia de un modelo de gestión de la diversidad

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    Miguel Ángel De Prada

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available En la Comunidad de Madrid se encuentra el mayor número de extranjeros residentes en una provincia del estado. Pero también es importante en la misma la presencia de inmigrantes nacionales llegados de otras provincias y comunidades, así como del exterior. En particular, en el municipio de Madrid casi la mitad de los vecinos tiene origen nacional distinto o ha nacido fuera de la ciudad. ¿Cómo se gestionan las diversidades a que dan lugar tales procedencias? El ultimo bienio, 2005-2006, puede considerarse como el de la presentación pública de las políticas de gobierno al respecto. La Comunidad de Madrid creó en 2005 la Consejería de Inmigración y la Agencia Regional para Inmigración y la Cooperación; en dicho período se ha diseñado el II Plan Regional para la Inmigración, aprobado recientemente. Por parte del Ayuntamiento de Madrid, en 2005 presentó el Plan Madrid de Convivencia Social e Intercultural (2004-2007, dos de cuyos dispositivos más novedosos han propuesto mecanismos participativos: la creación de Mesas de Diálogo y Convivencia Distritales y el Foro Madrid de Diálogo y Convivencia; en 2006 se ha presentado el primer Anuario de la Convivencia Intercultural Ciudad de Madrid 2006, elaborado por el Observatorio de las Migraciones y de la Convivencia Intercultural de la Ciudad de Madrid. Otros municipios de la región también han potenciado la reflexión y la organización social ante las migraciones internacionales. Así en Rivas Vacía-Madrid ha tenido lugar el II Foro Social Mundial de las Migraciones, en el verano del 2006, tras el celebrado el año pasado en Porto Alegre. Iniciativas y propuestas institucionales con mayor o menor implicación vecinal y de movimientos sociales. Pero la gestión de la diversidad, ¿no implica el reconocimiento de la ciudadanía a todos los vecinos? y, previamente, ¿es compatible ser vecino, con reconocimiento de derechos, y encontrarse ‘sin papeles’ en Madrid?The text faces the

  18. Estereotipos, identidades, y nichos económicos de las migrantes brasileñas en Madrid Stereotypes, identities, roles and economic niches of Brazilian women immigrants in Madrid

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    Menara Lube Guizardi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Las mujeres componen el 65% de la inmigración brasileña en España. Esta feminización del flujo migratorio se vincula a la transformación de las relaciones de género vividas por estas mujeres en Brasil y en la sociedad de acogida. En Madrid, observamos una gran cantidad de negocios regentados por brasileñas - pequeños emprendimientos del campo de la hostelería o de estética y belleza. Sin embargo, ellas son más comúnmente empleadas en sectores no calificados con baja remuneración - en general relacionados a los servicios domésticos y al cuidado de niños y ancianos y la prostitución - , siendo en muchos casos asociadas a un estereotipo de hipersexualidad que influencia los nichos económicos a los que pueden o no acceder. El presente artículo analiza el rol económico que estas mujeres ocupan, y el conjunto de estereotipos raciales/nacionales con los cuales dialogan para lograr construir su inserción económica en España.The Brazilian women correspond to 65% of the Brazilian immigrants in Spain. This feminization of the displacement is deeply related with a change of the gender relations lived by these women both in Brazil and in host society. In Madrid, Brazilian women are protagonists of a new kind of entrepreneurship. They run small businesses in the field of restoration and of aesthetics and beauty. Nevertheless, they are most commonly employed in low-paid jobs, generally related with domestic services and child/elder care, and with prostitution - being in many cases associated with a stereotype of hyper-sexuality that influences the economic niches they can or can't access. The aim of this paper is to analyze the economic roles of Brazilian immigrants in Madrid, also discussing the imaginaries of the host society with which they dialog to make their economic insertion feasible in Spain.

  19. Reseña del libro: A. Domingo y V.Gómez (2014. La Práctica Reflexiva. Bases, modelos e instrumentos. Madrid: Narcea Ed.

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    Mauricio Pérez-Abril

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Reseña del libro La práctica reflexiva. Bases,modelos e instrumentos, de Àngels Domingo y M. Victoria Gómez. Domingo, À., & Gómez, V. (2014. La práctica reflexiva. Bases, modelos e instrumentos. Madrid: Narcea. 152 pp. ISBN: 978-84-277-1999-6.

  20. Creating Cultures of Peace: Pedagogical Thought and Practice. Selected Papers from the 10th Triennial World Conference (September 10-15, 2001, Madrid, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, Jean E., Ed.; Swami, Piyush, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    The 10th Triennial World Conference of the World Council for Curriculum and Instruction (WCCI) was held September 10-15, 2001 in Madrid, Spain. The theme of the conference was "Cultures of Peace." Thirty-four papers and presentations are divided into nine sections. Part I, Tributes to the Founders of WCCI, includes: (1) Tribute to Alice Miel…

  1. Un patronazgo en conflicto. La Virgen de Peña Sacra y su cofradía de Madrid (siglos XVII-XVIII

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    Fernández Suárez, Roberto

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available The autor analyzes the aims of a 18th-century brotherhood in Madrid in promoting the cult to an image of Mary of Manzanares el Real, Madrid. This brotherhood, which incorporated and formed part of a specific and plural religious geography, operated in association with two convents of Madrid —Trinidad Calzada and San Felipe el Real— to legitimize the cult. By means of a self-serving campaign of control, the brotherhood destroyed, over decades, any element which could overshadow the cult in every aspect and type of ritual related to celebrations in the honor of Mary: a process that led to the complete manipulation of these celebrations.Se analizan las pretensiones de una cofradía madrileña del siglo XVIII de rendir culto a una imagen mañana venerada en Manzanares el Real (Madrid. Insertada en una geografía religiosa variada y plural, esta cofradía mantuvo contactos con dos conventos madrileños, la Trinidad Calzada y san Felipe el Real, para legitimar su culto. Bajo una interesada campaña de control, consiguió, durante muchos años, eliminar cualquier elemento que pudiera hacerle sombra en todos los modos rituales de la festividad de la Virgen, hasta llegar a su manipulación completa.

  2. La Casa Profesa de los Jesuitas en Madrid y una serie de pinturas adquiridas por Carlos III

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    Sánchez López, Andrés

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the reconstruction -both architectonic and pictorial- of the 17th-century Main House (Casa Profesa and church of the Jesuits in Madrid, unfortunately destroyed during the 19th century due to the urban reforms carried out on the calle Mayor. Thanks to a series of paintings acquired by Carlos III following the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain (1767, it is possible to have an idea of the important works that once adorned this temple. The author locates and studies these paintings, all of them of artistic interest, since they are by major 17th-century painters such as Luca Giordano, Murillo or Pedro Orrente, as well as 16th-century masters such as Andrea del Sarto or Gerolamo Muziano.

    La Casa Profesa de los Jesuitas en Madrid y una serie de pinturas adquiridas por Carlos III. El estudio supone una reconstrucción de la fundación de la Casa Profesa de los Jesuitas de Madrid así de cómo debía ser el templo. Este edificio, uno de los más importantes de la Capital en el siglo XVII, desapareció desafortunadamente en el s. XIX con el cambio urbanístico que sufrió la calle Mayor. Gracias a una serie de pinturas que Carlos III adquirió tras la expulsión de los Jesuitas podemos hacernos una idea de las importantes obras de arte que ornaban este templo. El estudio sirve también para la localización y estudio de estas obras todas ellas de gran interés artístico pues fueron realizadas por algunos de los más importantes pintores del s. XVII como Luca Giordano, Murillo o Pedro Orrente, así como maestros del siglo XVI italiano tales como Andrea del Sarto o Gerolamo Muziano.

  3. Afterslip from the 1450 and 1812 New Madrid earthquakes and rate-and-state frictional parameters of an intraplate fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, O. S.

    2014-12-01

    Present day ground deformation in and near the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) is an important factor in our understanding of central U.S. seismic hazard. Here I analyze Global Positioning System data over the period from 2000 to 2013 to assess several potentially active deformation mechanisms including: (1) regional shear; (2) creep on finite dislocations; and (3) post-seismic processes from the 1811-1812 and 1450 NMSZ earthquakes. A model of regional shear provides virtually no fit to the data and limits right-lateral regional shearing to less than 0.2±0.4 mm/yr. On the other hand, a 40-km long dislocation along the downdip extension of the Reelfoot fault creeping at about 6 mm/yr between 12 and 20 km depth fits the data well, with a 98% chance of being better able to predict the observed ground deformation, having rates of a fraction of a mm/yr, than does a hypothesis where ground deformation has a normalized random distribution. This is consistent with the results of previous authors (Frankel et al., 2012) and can be well explained by a model of afterslip from M7.5 1450 and February 1812 Reelfoot fault events. To successfully model afterslip, the ratio of reference slip rate to fault constitutive parameter is found to be about 10 times smaller than that for the Parkfield segment of the San Andreas fault (Barbot et al., 2009). Creep and afterslip on the downdip extension of the Cottonwood Grove fault and models of viscoelastic relaxation following the December 1811 and February 1812 earthquakes provide a poor fit to the data, in part due to the configuration of the observational network. The fit degrades further for values of lower crustal viscosity less than 1021 Pa-s. One implication of this modeling is that if much of the present-day surface deformation results from afterslip, it is likely that many of the earthquakes we see today in the New Madrid seismic zone are aftershocks from the 1811­-1812 New Madrid earthquakes. Despite this fact, the afterslip

  4. Study of the superficial ozone concentrations in the atmosphere of Comunidad de Madrid using passive samplers Estudio de las concentraciones de ozono superficial en la atmósfera de la Comunidad de Madrid usando muestreadores pasivos

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    E. Díaz Ramiro

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The ozone is a secondary atmospheric pollutant which is generated for photochemical reactions of volatil organic compounds (VOC’s and nitrogen oxides (NOx. In Spain the ozone is a big problem as a consequence of the solar radiation to reach high levels. Exposure over a period of time to elevated ozone concentrations can cause damage in the public health and alterations in the vegetation.The aim of this study is to carry out the development and validation of a measurement method to let asses the superficial ozone levels in the Comunidad de Madrid, by identifing the zones more significants, where to measure with UV photometric monitors (automatics methods this pollutant and where the health and the vegetation can be affected. To such effect, passive samplers are used, which have glass fiber filters coated with a solution of sodium nitrite, potassium carbonate, glycerol and water. The nitrite ion in the presence of ozone is oxidized to nitrato ion, which it is extrated with ultrapure water and analyzed for ion chromatography, by seen proportional to the concentration existing in the sampling point.The results of validation from field tests indicate a excellent correlation between the passive and the automatic method.The higher superficial ozone concentrations are placed in rural zones, distanced of emission focus of primary pollutants (nitrogen oxides and volatil organic compounds... principally in direction soutwest and northwest of the Comunidad of Madrid.El ozono es un contaminante atmosférico secundario formado por reacciones fotoquímicas de compuestos orgánicos volátiles (COV y óxidos de nitrógeno (NOx. En España, el ozono es un gran problema como consecuencia de los altos niveles alcanzados por la radiación solar. Exposiciones periódicas a concentraciones elevadas de ozono, pueden causar daños en la salud pública y alteraciones en la vegetación.El objetivo del presente estudio es desarrollar y validar un método de medida que

  5. La reestructuración de los recursos sanitarios dedicados a la salud ambiental en la Comunidad de Madrid (1989-1999 The restructuring of the health resources devoted to the environmental health in the Community of Madrid

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    M. I. Villoria Mendieta

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available La Salud Ambiental, en su acepción más amplia, que engloba lo que administrativamente se entiende por Sanidad Ambiental e Higiene Alimentaria, tradicionalmente estuvo desempeñada por los Titulares Farmacéuticos, Médicos y Veterinarios que ejercían sus funciones en el ámbito de las demarcaciones de Partidos. Sobre estas estructuras, creadas en el año 1953 han ido incidiendo a lo largo de los años distintos eventos de tipo técnico y político que han hecho necesaria su reestructuración para ser capaces de dar respuesta al conjunto de problemas que preocupan a la Salud Pública.En este trabajo se pretende describir el modelo de reestructuración de los Servicios Farmacéuticos y Veterinarios realizado en la Comunidad de Madrid, analizar este modelo de reestructuración y proponer un modelo de estos Servicios que pueda servir de paradigma a las Comunidades Autónomas que todavía no han abordado el proceso.La metodología usada es la del análisis de la situación antes y después de la reestructuración de los Servicios Veterinarios y Farmacéuticos realizada a través de sendos Decretos de la Comunidad de Madrid.Las estructuras de Partidos han quedado obsoletas por lo que la reestructuración de los recursos es una necesidad. El abordaje de esta reestructuración debe hacerse lejos de cualquier tentación corporativista y contemplando la posibilidad de incorporar otros profesionales distintos a los tradicionales dada la complejidad creciente de los problemas de Salud Ambiental.The Environmental Health, in its broadest sense, wich includes what is administratively meant Environmental Health and Food Hygiene, was traditionally performed by the Titular Chemists, Dictors and Veterinary Surgeons who perforrmed their duties within the limits of the Partidos (Areas or districts within the jurisdiction of a Court. Upon this structures, created in 1953, different technical and political events have been influencing for years, making their

  6. Influencia de los terceros molares retenidos en pacientes con trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular en el hospital de Madrid Influence of the third retdined molars in patients with problems in the temporomandibular joint in the Madrid hospital

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    R.A. Moncada Escorcia

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo general del presente trabajo ha sido analizar una muestra de pacientes que acudieron al Hospital de Madrid, con trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular, que presentaron inclusión de los terceros molares, comparándolas con otro grupo poblacional con trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular sin la presencia de los mismos. Materiales y Metodología: el estudio se basó en la recolección y análisis de datos de 60 historias clínicas, de pacientes con diagnóstico de trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular atendidos en el Hospital de Madrid divididos en dos grupos con presencia o no de terceros molares incluidos. A dichos grupos se les realizó un estudio comparativo de las variables utilizadas en el estudio: edad, sexo, presencia o no de dolor en la ATM, ruidos en la ATM y disminución de la máxima apertura bucal (MAB. Resultados: se realizó un estudio descriptivo y comparativo de las variables sexo, edad, presencia o ausencia de dolor en ATM, ruidos en ATM y máxima apertura oral encontrando mayor numero de casos en el sexo femenino, la media de las edades oscilan entre los 40 años, en cuanto a la variable dolor en la ATM se encontró aumentada en los pacientes del grupo A, con (43,33%, con respecto a los del grupo B, (38,33% y las variables ruidos en ATM y máxima apertura bucal se encontraron ligeramente superiores en los pacientes del grupo A.The aim of this study has been to analyze a patients sample that came to the Hospital of Madrid, with the temporomandibular joint disorders with of the third included molars, comparing them with another population group with temporomandibular joint disorders without the presence of the same ones. Materials and Methodology: Our study was based on the compilation and analysis of information of 60 case histories, of patients with diagnosis temporomandibular joint disorders attended in the Hospital of Madrid divided into two groups with presence or not of third

  7. Determination and Distribution of Critical Loads: Application to the Forest Soils in the Autonomous Region of Madrid; Determinacion y Distribucion de Cargas Criticas: Aplicacion a los Suelos forestales de la comunidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sousa, M.; Schmid, T.; Rabago, I. [Ciemat, Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    The critical loads of acidity and sulphur have been determined for forest soils within the north and north-west of the Autonomous Region of Madrid. The SMB-CCE and SMB-PROFILE Steady state models have been applied using a 1 km x 1 km resolution. the forest ecosystems have been characterised according to the soil and forest type, slope and climatic data using a Geographic Information System. In order to estimate the critical loads, processes such as weathering rate of the parent material, atmospheric deposition, critical alkalinity leaching rate and nutrients absorbed by the vegetation have been considered. In general the forest soils present high critical load values for acidity and sulphur. The more sensitive zones are found in the north of the Sierra of Guadarrama. Independent of the applied methods, the results are associated to the types of soils where Leptosols have the lowest. Cambisoles and Regosoles intermediate and luvisoles the most elevated values. (Author) 40 refs.

  8. Stone decay assessment of the Madrid's Royal Palace (Spain) by means of ultrasound and magnetometric prospection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, R.; Alvarez de Buergo, M.

    2012-04-01

    The architrave of the entablature of the 4 façades of the Palace was built in a limestone known as Colmenar stone (biomicrite), a traditional material used for construction in Madrid. This stone shows such petrophysical properties that make it resistant to decay processes. Despite its high quality, the ashlars of the architrave have undergone fissuring processes resulting on fragments fall, some of them being blocks weighing more than 300 Kg, with the consequent risk for visitors and passers-by. Fissures were caused by the presence of metallic elements (iron-based) used to tie ashlars. These elements, which could have performed properly in absence of water, underwent oxidation processes due to the water entrance, exerting significant pressures inside the stone that derive into fractures with their planes being almost parallel to the façade surface. Once verified that the presence of these metallic elements, and their oxidation, was the cause of the ashlars fissuring, an inspection of the building façades architrave was performed by using two portable and non destructive techniques: magnetometry for detecting iron elements, and ultrasound velocity prospection for detecting non visible stone fissures behind the surface. This survey will allow defining the guidelines for a restoration intervention. The inspection of the architrave consisted of analysing around 1100 ashlars (circa 600 meters long were surveyed), during a lapse of time of one year, in 4 survey campaigns, one for each façade, with the aid of a mobile and self-operating that allows to reach up to 40 m high. Results from the magnetometry prospection made possible to locate metallic elements (flat bars and cramps), and sometimes the flat bars overlapping. Such bars are usually located at 3-5 cm deep from the surface, just below the freeze and in a case cut in the architrave limestone. In the areas of flat bars overlapping, a depth from the surface into the façade of 8-10 cm was measured. Such bars were

  9. Study to Determine the Biological Feasibility of a New Fish Tagging System, 1998-2000 Progress Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downing, Sandra L.

    2001-05-01

    Since 1984, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in cooperation with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has conducted an ongoing research and development project to expand and improve technology for Passive-Integrated-Transponder tags (PIT tags) throughout the Columbia River Basin (CRB). Work conducted as part of this project during 1999-2000 was divided into six individual projects, which are covered separately in this report.

  10. Assessing the impacts of methylmercury on piscivorous wildlife as indicated by the common loon, 1998-2000: 2000 final report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anthropogenic inputs of mercury (Hg) into the environment have significantly increased in the past few decades. In conjunction, the current availability of...

  11. Muelle y edificio de servicios en el puerto de Alicante, España (1997-1998-2000

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    García-Solera, Juan A.

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available The competition consisted in designing a quay for thedisembarkation of local passengers and a building housing akiosk and shaded waiting area on top of it. This was asplendid opportunity for exploring the two extremes ofconstruction most closely linked to the sea: the building of adike and platform using civil engineering techniques inaddition to a small building made with the quality ofmaterials, fit and precision characteristic of the best navalarchitecture. Construction of the quay started with largeblocks of concrete and stone, earth moving and underwateranchoring. It then continue above water, as if it were a boat indry dock, with wood and metal, assembling, fitting together,tightening screws...It was proposed to design and asymmetric quay that wouldlook in a specific direction so that the boats would notobstruct the views from the building. The height of thebuilding was kept to a minimun seeking the predominanthorizontality of any view of a port. The building resolutelyraises its own verticality competing masts of the sailboatslining the dock to greet those who arrive at the citty,The building is intend ed to have an ambiguous relationshipwith the sea. The metal balcony, lack of handrails, lightness,lack of definition between inside and outside and between thesea and land all contribute to creating such a relationship.El concurso consistía en el diseño de un muelle para eldesembarque de viajeros de cercanías y, sobre él, unaedificación que albergase un quiosco y sombra de espera.Una oportunidad espléndida para explorar los dos extremosde la construcción más ligada a la mar: la ejecución deldique y su plataforma con técnicas de ingeniería civil y la deuna pequeña construcción realizada con la calidad material,el ajuste y la precisión propias de la mejor arquitecturanaval. Se construye primero con grandes masas de hormigóny piedra, con movimientos de tierras, con fondeossubmarinos. Se construye después en seco, como si de unbarco se tratara, con madera y metal, ensamblando,encajando, atornillando...Se propone un muelle asimétrico que mira en una direcciónconcreta y permite que las embarcaciones no obstruyan consu presencia las vistas desde la edificación. La construcciónse eleva lo mínimo posible, en busca de la horizontalidaddominante en cualquier visión portuaria, y eleva a lo alto,decidida, su propia vertical que, en competencia con lospalos de vela de los barcos que pueblan la dársena, saluda aquienes llegan a la ciudad.Se pretende una relación ambigua con el mar. El vuelometálico, la ausencia de barandillas, la ligereza, laindefinición del exterior-interior, de mar y tierra, lapropician.

  12. La comunicación digital del FC Barcelona y del Real Madrid CF y su percepción por los periodistas deportivos / Digital communication of FC Barcelona and Real Madrid CF and its perception by sports journalists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Olabe Sánchez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl FC Barcelona y el Real Madrid CF han cambiado su modelo de gestión comunicativa, especialmente en su relación con los medios de comunicación. Favorecidos por la implantación de las TIC, los departamentos de Comunicación de estas entidades se constituyen en gatekeeper al controlar y emitir, a través de sus propios medios de comunicación, como las televisiones y radios propias y los soportes online, las informaciones que ellos mismos generan. De este modo, controlan los mensajes y los emiten directamente a sus públicos objetivos sin la intermediación de los medios convencionales, condicionando las rutinas productivas de los periodistas deportivos.El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la percepción que estos profesionales tienen sobre las diferentes herramientas y soportes online que los departamentos de Comunicación de estos clubes emplean en su actividad diaria con los medios.AbstractThe FC Barcelona and Real Madrid CF have changed their communicative management model, especially in its relationship with the media. Favored by the introduction of ICT, Communication departments of these entities constitute gatekeeper to control and issue, through their own media, such as television and radio stations and media own online, the information that they generate. Thus, controlling broadcast messages and their target audiences directly without the intermediation of the mainstream media, conditioning routines productive sports journalists.The aim of this paper is to show the perception that these professionals have about the different tools and online media Communication departments to use these clubs in their daily activities with the media.

  13. Situación de las empresas de mantenimiento higiénico-sanitario de instalaciones de riesgo de legionelosis en la Comunidad de Madrid Situation of the companies of hygienic maintenance of facilities of risk of legionelosis in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consuelo de Garrastazu Díaz

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available El control del mantenimiento higiénico-sanitario de las instalaciones de riesgo de legionelosis se verifica a través de tres tipos de actuaciones: las notificaciones de torres de refrigeración y condensadores evaporativos, el registro de las empresas que realizan estos tratamientos a terceros y la formación reglada del personal que realiza los mismos. Además, mediante la inspección sanitaria se verifica el correcto funcionamiento de este mecanismo de de vigilancia y control.En relación con las empresas que realizan el mantenimiento higiénico-sanitario, y realizado un análisis temporal frente a otras empresas de servicios biocidas, se ha constatado que se trata básicamente de las que ya realizaban servicios de control vectorial (empresas DDD. En la Comunidad de Madrid y frente a los criterios adoptados por otras comunidades autónomas, se exige que estas empresas cuenten con almacén propio o subcontratado o bien que justifiquen una gestión adecuada de producto, de manera que siempre esté bajo la supervisión y control del personal especializado para su utilización. Asimismo, se exige que estas empresas cuenten con un Director Técnico, que se responsabilice de los procedimientos de actuación y tratamientos realizados. En cuanto a la realización de tratamientos por parte de empresas registradas en otras comunidades autónomas, actualmente no se insta al registro de éstas en Madrid si no disponen de domicilio social o industrial, pudiendo realizar el mantenimiento siempre que dicha actividad esté debidamente registrada en la comunidad autónoma donde estén ubicados.La Comunidad de Madrid está homologada por el Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo para la autorización de cursos de formación de personal que realiza operaciones de mantenimiento higiénico-sanitario de instalaciones de riesgo de Legionella, contando en la actualidad con 26 cursos autorizados. El seguimiento de estos cursos se realiza mediante la exigencia de una

  14. Gender mainstreaming in Spain: ¨The case of “Lidera Project” in Madrid Autonomous Community¨

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    José Ramón Pin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Women continue to be under-represented in senior positions. In this paper we present a ¨best practice´ in the role of the public agents as gender mainstream key actors. Gender mainstreaming as a strategy is meant to actively counteract this gender bias, and to use the normal mandate of policy makers to promote more equitable relations between women and men. The rationale for pursuing gender mainstreaming via the Structural Funds is as much about promoting economic efficiency as it is about promoting equity. In this paper we analize an specific case launched by the Government of the Region of Madrid, three years ago, the “Lidera project”. To assess the overall effectiveness of the gender mainstreaming effort through the Lidera project, we analyze the impact in the individual level trough five constructs. We can conclude at individual level that LIDERA EFFECT exists and it has a positive and differential impact.

  15. Diferenciación sociodemográfica y residencial en el distrito urbano del centro de Madrid

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    Rojo Pérez, Fermina

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the residential differentiation in the historical urban district in Madrid (Centro, considering the population and their housing as the framework of the spatial differentiation. Factorial Analysis (with the extraction model of principal components analysis and Quick Cluster Analysis are used under the methodological approach of multivariate statistics for discovering the relationships among variables, their explanation power and the association of objects (census areas into homogeneous clusters. A model of 10 factors describes the original variables, and those with a high proportion are related to housing characteristics. Results of clustering census areas are shown in the enclosed maps.

    [es] En este artículo se analiza la diferenciación residencial en el espacio urbano del distrito Centro en Madrid, considerando como atributos estructurantes de esa distinción espacial la población y la vivienda donde reside. El análisis factorial (según el método de extracción de componentes principales y el análisis clúster no jerárquico, bajo el enfoque de la metodología estadística multivariante, son utilizados para descubrir las relaciones entre variables, su poder de explicación y el agrupamiento de los objetos (secciones censales en clústers homogéneos. La información se condensa en 10 factores, de los que los relativos a las características de la vivienda son los de mayor peso dentro del modelo factorial. Los resultados de la agrupación de secciones censales se muestran en la cartografía adjunta. [fr] Différentiation socio-démographique et résidentielle dans le district urbain de Centro à Madrid.Dans cet article on analyse la différentiation résidentielle dans le district urbain de 'Centro' à Madrid. Comme attributs distinctifs on prend en considération des caractéristiques socio-démographiques et du logement. L'analyse factorielle (par la méthode de composantes principales et l

  16. Determination and Distribution of Critical Loads: Application to the Forest Soils in the Autonomous Region of Madrid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The critical loads of acidity and sulphur have been determined for forest soils within the north and northwest of the Autonomous Region of Madrid. The SMB-CCE and SMB-PROFILE steady state models have been applied using a 1 km x 1 km resolution. The forest ecosystems have been characterised according to the soil and forest type, slope and climatic data using a Geographic Information System. In order to estimate the critical loads, processes such as weathering rate of the parent material, atmospheric deposition. critical alkalinity leaching rate and nutrients absorbed by the vegetation have been considered. In general the forest soils present high critical load values for acidity and sulphur. The more sensitive zones are found in the north of the Sierra of Guadarrama. Independent of the applied methods, the results are associated to the types of soils where Leptosols have the lowest, Cambisoles and Regosoles intermediate and Luvisoles the most elevated values. (Author) 40 refs

  17. Análisis y reflexiones en torno al naming de la Línea 2 del metro de Madrid

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    Marta Pacheco Rueda

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available En nuestras ciudades, la utilización del espacio público al servicio de los intereses privados ha ido adquiriendo relevancia y sofisticación crecientes. Los gobernantes contemporáneos buscan incesantemente una maximización de ingresos mediante el desarrollo de nuevas iniciativas publicitarias con las que rentabilizar los espacios públicos. En este contexto, el presente trabajo aborda el análisis de caso de una iniciativa desarrollada por la Comunidad de Madrid: la acción de naming en la Línea 2 del metro de la capital por parte de Vodafone, empresa de telefonía móvil, desgranando las circunstancias que la rodean así como las derivaciones de dicha iniciativa.

  18. El Museo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de Madrid: una realidad con un gran futuro

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    Sebastián, Amparo

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.El Museo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (Madrid, creado en 1980, fue fruto de la ilusión de muchas personalidades de la época especializadas en distintas materias vinculadas con la ciencia y la tecnología, quienes a su vez recogían la de las que habían comprendido desde finales de los años sesenta la enorme ausencia en este campo en nuestro país, siendo muy conscientes del enorme potencial didáctico y cultural, así como científico y tecnológico que ofrecían este tipo de centros. El artículo describe el difícil desarrollo de este centro, afortunadamente hoy abierto al público tras una generación compleja y dificultosa que afortunadamente va tomando forma.

  19. III Encuentro sobre Ciencias Planetarias y Exploración del Sistema Solar Madrid, 2013: volumen de resúmenes

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Díaz, Alberto; Romeo, Ignacio; Ruiz, Javier

    2013-01-01

    El III Encuentro sobre Ciencias Planetarias y Exploración del Sistema Solar, celebrado los días 19, 20 y 21 de junio del presente año en las Facultades de Ciencias Geológicas y Ciencias Biológicas de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, constituyó la edición de 2013 de la reunión bianual de la comunidad de científicos españoles que trabaja sobre la física, geología, química y biología de los cuerpos planetarios y menores del Sistema Solar, así como sobre temáticas afines. La o...

  20. Sede del comité olímpico español, Madrid-España

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    de la Hoz, Rafael

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Two complementary concepts, Olympics and educational, have determined the architecture of the headquarters of the Spanish Olympic Committee, Madrid, this building is well distinguished of the surrounding area. Its character and classic proportions which suggest the total composition are presented as clear reference to the Olympic ideas.

    Dos conceptos complementarios, el olímpico y el docente, han determinado la arquitectura de este edificio que se erige como una pieza destacada en el contexto circundante. Su carácter y las proporciones clásicas que inspiran el conjunto de la composición se presentan como una clara referencia a los orígenes del olimpismo.

  1. Communication 2.0, visibility and interactivity: fundaments of corporate image of Public Universities in Madrid on YouTube

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    Carlos OLIVA MARAÑÓN

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, marketing in Higher Education has been growing interest not only for its economic and commercial value but for its strategic and promotion, training and strengthening the brand communication "University". The platform YouTube has positioned itself as an audiovisual medium of reference in which the user decides what content you want to see, where and when. The objectives of this research are to analyze the audiovisual institutional advertising of the Public Universities of Madrid and verify the adequacy of YouTube as a communication from these Universities. Degrees adapted to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA and modern installations make up the identity of these Universities. The results confirm the consolidation of YouTube as a channel for transmitting audiovisual corporate messages of these Universities to their target audience.

  2. Impacto de las autopistas de circunvalación en la accesibilidad del área metropolitana de Madrid

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    García Palomares, Juan Carlos

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the traditional aplications of the Geographic Information Systems has been the study of territorial impact on the construccion of new transport infrastructure through the accessibility indicator calculus. In this article it has been applied the SIG to the impact study on the building of new orbital motorways by the accessibility of different job groups to Madrid metropolitan area. In a period in wich we are involved in an intense metropolitan reestructuration process, with all the complications derived, it's very important to know how does it change the accessibility, according not only to the transport infrastructures changes but to the activities distribution, in time to apply political resolutions that connect transport and ground use in order to promote a supportable ovility model.

    [es] Una de las aplicaciones que tradicionalmente se ha dado a los Sistemas de Información Geográfica es el estudio de los impactos territoriales que tiene la construcción de nuevas infraestructuras de transporte a través del cálculo de indicadores de accesibilidad. En este artículo se han aplicado los S.I.G. al estudio del impacto de la construcción de nuevas autopistas de circunvalación en la accesibilidad a diferentes grupos de empleos en el área metropolitana de Madrid. En un momento en el que nos encontramos inmersos en un intenso proceso de reestructuración metropolitana, con los problemas que el mismo ocasiona, conocer cómo cambia la accesibilidad en función tanto de los cambios en las infraestructuras de transporte como de la propia distribución de las actividades, es muy importante a la hora de determinar políticas que relacionen transporte y uso del suelo, con el objetivo de potenciar un modelo sostenible de la movilidad. [fr] L'impact des autoroutes de circouvalavation sur l'accessibilité de la zone métropolitaine de Madrid. Une des applications qui s'a donné aux systems d´information geografique, c'est l

  3. Who paid taxes in XVIIth century Castile? The incidence of the taxes levied upon wine in Madrid

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    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} The hegemony of indirect taxation was one of the main hallmarks of the Castilian fiscal system during the Early Modern Period. It is commonly acknowledged that the burden of such taxation fell squarely upon the consumers and the aim of this essay is to analyze who really paid the taxes collected upon wine in XVIIth century Madrid. First part shows how the growing fiscal burden collected upon wine caused the development of a massive fraud which harmed the members of the publicans’ guild and the Crown and City Treasuries, benefiting all those who could sell wine in the black market. Second part indicates that in spite of the continuous introduction of taxes on wine in Madrid during the century the consumption levels of this beverage (in «per capita» terms experienced a rather moderate fall. It could be argued that thanks to the development of fraud the city consumers could buy cheap wine in the black market, but the evidence offered here suggests that this was not the case. In fact, the wine sold in the black market was only 5-10% cheaper than that sold legally by the members of the publicans’ guild. As showed in third part, the prices of the wine sold both in the legal and black markets in XVIIth century Madrid rose always well

  4. Mercury in air and plant specimens in herbaria: A pilot study at the MAF Herbarium in Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oyarzun, R. [Departamento de Cristalografia y Mineralogia, Facultad de Ciencias Geologicas, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: oyarzun@geo.ucm.es; Higueras, P.; Esbri, J.M. [Departamento de Ingenieria Geologica y Minera, Escuela Universitaria Politecnica de Almaden, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza M. Meca 1, 13400 Almaden (Spain); Pizarro, J. [Departamento de Biologia Vegetal II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2007-11-15

    We present data from a study of mercury concentrations in air and plant specimens from the MAF Herbarium in Madrid (Spain). Hg (gas) emissions from old plant collections treated with mercuric chloride (HgCl{sub 2}) in herbaria may pose a health risk for staff working in installations of this type. This is an issue not yet properly addressed. Plants that underwent insecticide treatment with HgCl{sub 2} at the MAF Herbarium until the mid 1970s have persistent high concentrations of Hg in the range 1093-11,967 {mu}g g{sup -1}, whereas untreated specimens are in the range of 1.2-4.3 {mu}g g{sup -1}. The first group induces high concentrations of Hg (gas) in the main herbarium room, with seasonal variations of 404-727 ng m{sup -3} (late winter) and 748-7797 ng m{sup -3} (early summer) (baseline for Hg: 8 ng m{sup -3}). A test survey at another herbarium in Madrid showed even higher concentrations of Hg (gas) above 40,000 ng m{sup -3}. The World Health Organization guidelines for chronic exposure to Hg (gas) are estimated at a maximum of 1000 ng m{sup -3}. While staff was aware of the existence of HgCl{sub 2} treated plants (the plant specimen sheets are labelled as 'poisoned'), they had no knowledge of the presence of high Hg (gas) concentrations in the buildings, a situation that may be relatively common in herbaria.

  5. Seismic hazard and risk assessment in the intraplate environment: The New Madrid seismic zone of the central United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Z.

    2007-01-01

    Although the causes of large intraplate earthquakes are still not fully understood, they pose certain hazard and risk to societies. Estimating hazard and risk in these regions is difficult because of lack of earthquake records. The New Madrid seismic zone is one such region where large and rare intraplate earthquakes (M = 7.0 or greater) pose significant hazard and risk. Many different definitions of hazard and risk have been used, and the resulting estimates differ dramatically. In this paper, seismic hazard is defined as the natural phenomenon generated by earthquakes, such as ground motion, and is quantified by two parameters: a level of hazard and its occurrence frequency or mean recurrence interval; seismic risk is defined as the probability of occurrence of a specific level of seismic hazard over a certain time and is quantified by three parameters: probability, a level of hazard, and exposure time. Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), a commonly used method for estimating seismic hazard and risk, derives a relationship between a ground motion parameter and its return period (hazard curve). The return period is not an independent temporal parameter but a mathematical extrapolation of the recurrence interval of earthquakes and the uncertainty of ground motion. Therefore, it is difficult to understand and use PSHA. A new method is proposed and applied here for estimating seismic hazard in the New Madrid seismic zone. This method provides hazard estimates that are consistent with the state of our knowledge and can be easily applied to other intraplate regions. ?? 2007 The Geological Society of America.

  6. Veintinueve lámparas romanas de bronce del Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid

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    J. M. BLÁZQUEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid entre sus magníficas colecciones posee una excelente de lámparas romanas de bronce, que no ha sido nunca estudiada como merece su calidad. Estas piezas fueron dadas a conocer por R. Thouvenot, en su Catalogue des figurines et objets de bronze du Musée Archéologique de Madrid, Burdeos, 1927, quien publicó una breve descripción de ella, sin ningún intento de estudio, ni de fecharlas, clasificarlas o de buscarlas paralelos. En este trabajo acometemos esta finalidad. Algunas otras piezas que no se incluyen en este artículo se estudiarán en un segundo con los jarros romanos de bronce. La procedencia de todos estos objetos se puede asegurar con bastante certeza es Italia, ya que las antiguas colecciones, Biblioteca Nacional, Museo de Ciencias Naturales, la del Marqués de Salamanca, se formaron con piezas traídas de allá; incluso la colección Miró guarda objetos de origen italiano. De algunos objetos romanos de la antigua colección de la Biblioteca Nacional cabe pensar que pudieran proceder de las primitivas excavaciones pompeyanas efectuadas durante el reinado de Carlos III. Todos estos objetos están guardados en la vitrina numéro 18, del llamado Patio Romano, en el M. A. N. Antes de comenzar el estudio agradecemos al director del M. A. N., Excmo. Sr. D. Joaquín M.a de Navascués, las facilidades de todo género dadas en el estudio de estas piezas; así como al restante personal del centro, en particular al Dr. A. Fernández de Aviles.

  7. LA POSESIÓN DEL ABORIGEN EN NUESTRA SEÑORA DE TALAVERA DE MADRID DE ESTECO (1609-1650

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    Norma Estela Aguilar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los núcleos urbanos de Talavera y la Villa de Nueva Madrid transitaban, en los primeros años del S. XVII, un proceso de franca decadencia. El traslado y fusión de ambas al sitio de Río de las Piedras, con el nombre de Nuestra Señora de Talavera de Madrid de Esteco, buscaba revertir la tendencia hacia el empobrecimiento. Las acciones llevadas adelante por Alonso de la Ribera, devuelven la imagen de un acto fundacional, en el que la asignación de mercedes, vecindad, aborígenes y tierras, tuvieron como fin incentivar a los pobladores a permanecer en el sitio y a contribuir con la conquista y defensa. El espacio puso en hechos la expresión de Alfaro: “ y faltando indios no hay riquezas, así considerando la causa espiritual como temporalmente”. La disminución de los naturales encomendados señaló de manera inexorable su decadencia, motivada, según los indicios que señalan las fuentes, por la persistencia del servicio personal. La permanencia de este sistema de dominación directa entre el español y el indio se habría dado al amparo de las modificaciones hechas para la Gobernación del Tucumán a las Ordenanzas de Alfaro y de las permisiones dadas por los Gobernadores a los pobladores al momento del traslado, so pretexto de la idiosincrasia particular de los encomendados, entre ellos los Lules.

  8. The takeover process of the Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato by the Faculty of Veterinary of Madrid (1792-1855

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    Sánchez de Lollano Prieto, Joaquín

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The absorption of the Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato by the Veterinary Science School of Madrid shows several singularities in relation to the equivalent process in medicine and pharmacy. The conflict and the hegemony of the Real Tribunal during almost sixty years from the creation of the Veterinary Science School (1792, has been studied by the traditional historiography with a view fundamentally focused on veterinary aspects. In this article, the process of absorption is investigated in full detail. Also, the relevance of political motivations and their predominance over technical, sanitary or professional motivations are shown. So, the game of institutions and agents which are external to the veterinary science are analysed; specially, the outstanding role performed by the XV Marquis of Cerralbo.La absorción del Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato por la Escuela de Veterinaria de Madrid presenta ciertas singularidades respecto al proceso equivalente en medicina y farmacia. La pugna y hegemonía del Real Tribunal durante casi sesenta años desde la creación de la Escuela de Veterinaria (1792, ha sido estudiada por la historiografía tradicional con una visión centrada fundamentalmente en aspectos veterinarios. En el presente artículo se investigan en detalle los procesos conducentes a la absorción y se pone de manifiesto la relevancia de las motivaciones políticas y su predominio sobre las de carácter técnico, sanitario o profesional. Por ello, se analiza el juego de instituciones y de agentes externos a la veterinaria implicados, en especial destacamos el papel desempeñado por el XV Marqués de Cerralbo.

  9. Body, Control and Resistance: Lack-of-Safety and Fear-Related Practices in a District of Madrid

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    García García, Sergio

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The author draws on his fieldwork findings concerning discourses on safety —or lack thereof— and fear-related practices in Carabanchel, a district of Madrid, to reflect on the body as the realm that discourses coming from the places of power ignore. Increasingly popular among experts, the discourse on the citizens’ lack of safety pretends to represent contemporary subjective insecurities while actually producing subjects in the process that can be represented. It hides the story living in the bodies, including the story of experienced fears, and returns a narrative —that of lack of safety— portrayed as a solution for protection. Notwithstanding that these discourses are incorporated and acted out by the inhabitants of a neighbourhood considered dangerous, the observer can obtain oral re-significations with which to mitigate the effect of control strategies.

    A partir de los avances en la investigación etnográfica sobre los discursos de la (inseguridad y las prácticas relacionadas con el miedo en un distrito de Madrid (Carabanchel, el autor trata de repensar la corporalidad como el ámbito excluido por los discursos procedentes de los lugares de poder. El discurso de la inseguridad ciudadana, que ha ido ganando espacio en ciertos ámbitos expertos, simula representar a las subjetividades inseguras contemporáneas, pero en su intento no hace sino producir sujetos representables. Se oculta la historia que habita en los cuerpos, incluida la de los miedos vividos, y se devuelve un discurso, el de la inseguridad, que se erige en solución de protección. Pese a que estos discursos se incorporan y se actúan performativamente por parte de los habitantes de un barrio señalado como peligroso, se producen resignificaciones en el ámbito de la oralidad, capaces de atenuar el impacto de las estrategias de control.

  10. Estado de conocimiento actual y problemas de conservación de los Meloidae (Coleoptera de la Comunidad de Madrid

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    García-París, M.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Data gathered from publications, entomological collections and field observations along the last eight years, provide information about the presence of 40 especies of the family Meloidae in Comunidad de Madrid. Seven species are only known from collections made more than 25 years ago, while two species have been found only during recent field surveys (Meloe rugosus and Nemognatha chrysomelina. Two out of the seven species without recent records (Stenoria apicalis and Meloe baudueri are represented in Madrid by one or two specimens, so that their current presence in the region may have been overlooked. This is not the case of the other five (Meloe variegatus, M. cavensis, M. violaceus, Mylabris uhagonii and M. amorii, which are represented by numerous specimens in the historical collections. Meloe variegatus, M. cavensis and Mylabris uhagonii, must be considered at risk of extinction, but if new specimens are not found in the near future they should be treated as definitively extinct. Mylabris amorii has been found in only one locality at the northernmost edge of its known distribution range, and the evaluation of its status depends on new information. Meloe violaceus has suffered and evident decline and therefore should be treated as Vulnerable. Five additional species suffered evident reductions of their distribution ranges in Madrid (Meloe brevicollis, M. autumnalis, M. proscarabaeus, Hycleus dufourii and Mylabris dejeani. Most of the recent records for those species are restricted to mountain areas, while the lowland populations seem to have been disappeared and consequently, these species should be listed as Vulnerable. If the current tendency continues they will be transferred to the Extinction Risk level. Meloe tuccius, a frequently found species 10 to 15 years ago in the urban area of Madrid can be considerered today as nearly extinct in the area, and therefore should be

  11. CERN 50th Anniversary Official Celebration : keynote speech from Professor Federico Mayor Zaragoza, Professor in the Molecular Biology at the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid, Former Director-General of UNESCO

    CERN Multimedia

    Michel Blanc

    2004-01-01

    CERN 50th Anniversary Official Celebration : keynote speech from Professor Federico Mayor Zaragoza, Professor in the Molecular Biology at the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid, Former Director-General of UNESCO

  12. Evolución de la prevalencia de tabaquismo entre las médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid Evolution of the prevalence of smoking among female physicians and nurses in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain

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    M.L. Fernández Ruiz

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: En España la prevalencia de tabaquismo es elevada y se está incrementando entre las mujeres. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es estudiar la evolución de la prevalencia de tabaquismo entre las médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid, sus conocimientos y conductas al respecto, así como la existencia de espacios libres de humo en los centros sanitarios. Métodos: Se han realizado, en 1998 y 2001, estudios descriptivos transversales entre las médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid mediante una encuesta sobre hábito tabáquico, en muestreos polietápicos por conglomerados. Resultados: En 1998 se estudió a 1.235 profesionales (435 médicas y 800 enfermeras y en 2001 a 1.000 (400 médicas y 600 enfermeras. Eran fumadoras el 43,1% en 1998 y el 43% en 2001, y en ambos años el tabaquismo fue más frecuente entre las enfermeras (el 47,6 y el 47%, respectivamente que entre las médicas (el 34,7 y el 37%, y entre quienes trabajan en atención especializada (el 46,6 y el 46,7% respecto a las que lo hacen en atención primaria (el 35,3 y el 37,3%. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la prevalencia de tabaquismo según la profesión, comparando ambos años. En las dos encuestas las médicas más jóvenes (Background: Smoking is a major cause of mortality in Spain. Tobacco smoking by health care workers has a negative influence on the general population. In Spain, the prevalence of smoking is high and is increasing among women. The aim of this study was to identify tobacco consumption among female physicians and nurses in the Community of Madrid, as well as to determine their knowledge about smoking and whether smoke-free areas are available in health centers. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed in 1998 and 2001 through survey of smoking habits in the female medical staff in the Community of Madrid. Multi-stage sampling with conglomerates was used. Results: We studied 1235 health

  13. La protección frente al ruido de los forjados proyectados por Eduardo Torroja en la E.T.S. de Arquitectura de la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz, C.; Caballol, D.; Díaz, A.

    2011-01-01

    This work presents and analyses the results of the acoustic measurements of insulation from airborne noise and impact noise in solid reinforced concrete slabs designed by Eduardo Torroja Miret and manufactured in the first half of the 1930s in the School of Architecture of the UPM Polytechnic University in Madrid, located in the Ciudad Universitaria in Madrid. The experimental values for the acoustic parameters: weighted apparent sound reduction index R’w and weighted normalised impact sound ...

  14. Documentos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales de Madrid, referentes a las cátedras de Botánica del Real Jardín Botánico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maldonado Polo, José Luis

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available As an essential part of the research project The Natural History in Madrid at the end of the Old Regime (CAM, n 180/ 92, has been carried out the study of the manuscripts and printed funds existent in the National Museum of Natural Sciences from Madrid (MNCN, belonging or relative to the Royal Botanical Garden from Madrid (RJB.° The stuff have been ordered and classified, with the outcome which we presented next.

    Como parte sustancial del proyecto de investigación La Historia Natural en Madrid al final del Antiguo Régimen (CAM, n° 180/92, se ha realizado el estudio de los fondos manuscritos e impresos existentes en el Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales de Madrid (MNCN, pertenecientes o relativos al Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid (RJB. Los materiales se han indizado, ordenado y clasificado, con el resultado que presentamos a continuación.

  15. Clima, diseño y diversidad urbana en el uso de tres plazas de Madrid / Climate, design and urban diversity: The use the people do of three squares of Madrid.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagore Urrutia del Campo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEste artículo recoge los resultados del estudio de las características físicas, funcionales y climáticas de tres plazas de la ciudad de Madrid, así como el uso que las personas hicieron de ellas durante los meses de primavera. Los resultados muestran la relación existente entre los condicionantes físicos y ambientales y el modo de ocupación del espacio por parte de los ciudadanos en los días analizados, pero también ponen de manifiesto la dificultad de generalizar el concepto de confort en el espacio público. En el presente trabajo se ha verificado la utilidad de ciertas herramientas de caracterización climática de plazas y se ha puesto de manifiesto que aquellas plazas que ofrecen al ciudadano una mayor mezcla de posibilidades en lo referente a situarse en lugares con condiciones microclimáticas y posibilidades de utilización del espacio diversas han sido los más empleados durante los periodos analizados. Así, se evidencia la necesidad de conservación y creación de la ciudad compleja, con mezcla de usos y que ofrece al ciudadano la posibilidad de elección, transformándose así, en un lugar más habitable y democrático.Palabras clave Plazas, primavera, mezcla de posibilidades, condiciones ambientales, herramientas climáticas, ciudad compleja. AbstractThis article presents the results of the study of physical, functional and climatic properties of three public squares in the city of Madrid, and the use people made of them during the 2010 spring months. The results show the relationship between the physical and environmental conditions and the mode of occupation of space by citizens in the analyzed days, but also highlight the difficulty of generalizing the concept of comfort in public space. The work verified the usefulness of certain climatic characterization tools. It has been also shown that those spaces that provide the citizens a greater mix of possibilities of standing places due to having a variety of

  16. PASEO URBANO POR LA CIUDAD DE MADRID: PLAZA DE LA MONCLOA, CALLE DE LA PRINCESA Y PLAZA DE ESPAÑA.

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    Clemente Herrero Fabregat

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se va a proponer la realizaciónde un trabajo de campo urbano dirigido aalumnos de Educación Secundaria, con unaduración de cuatro horas, por una zona deMadrid, cuyo origen hay que encontrarlo en elensanche del siglo XIX. Fue reordenada en losaños cuarenta, debido a la situación de losfrentes durante la guerra civil y posteriormenteal intento de creación de una arquitecturaque se ha denominado del "Nuevo orden", quequedó en mera quimera urbanística desde elfin de la segunda guerra mundial y del aislamientoconsiguiente. El incipiente desarrolloeconómico terminó con el proyecto de la "cornisaimperial del Manzanares" debido a laconstrucción del Edificio España y posteriormentede la Torre de Madrid, que rompieron lapretendida perspectiva "imperial".

  17. Los jóvenes en la estructura demográfica de la región metropolitana de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Vinuesa Angulo, Julio

    2000-01-01

    Los jóvenes en la estructura demográfica de la región metropolitana de Madrid. La dinámica de los grupos de edad entre 15 y 29 años en distintos ámbitos geográficos ayuda a explicar los efectos de las migraciones centrípetas y, posteriormente, centrífugas, que han ido conformando la región metropolitana de Madrid. La relación de la composición y del comportamiento demográfico de esos grupos con diferentes aspectos de la estructura territorial, ponen de manifiesto importantes faltas de armonía...

  18. El centro de Madrid en la cartografía histórica: la Puerta del Sol a lo largo de cuatro siglos

    OpenAIRE

    Marin Perellon, Francisco Jose

    2010-01-01

    A lo largo de los quince números de ILUSTRACIÓN DE MADRID, entre otoño de 2006 y primavera de 2010, hemos desgranado las noticias relativas a los planos más señeros de la historia de Madrid. Éstos son, ordenados de forma cronológica, los de Mancelli, de 1622; Pedro Texeira, de 1656; los dos de Nicolás de Fer, de 1700 y 1706; el de Nicole Chalmandrier, de 1756; Antonio Espinosa de los Monteros, de 1769; Tomás López, de 1786; José Carlos María Bentabole, de 1808, junto a planos de los ingen...

  19. Análisis de tres indicadores de variedad urbana en el Área Metropolitana de Madrid: Aproximación a la división social y funcional centro-periferia / Analysis of three indicators of urban variety in Madrid Metropolitan Area: Approach to social and function

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    Gonzalo Sánchez-Toscano Salgado

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl proceso de construcción del Área Metropolitana de Madrid ha supuesto una especialización espacial de las distintas áreas y una pérdida de la variedad asociada tradicionalmente a la condición de ciudad y vida urbana. El presente trabajo trata de caracterizar la variedad en los distritos centrales de la capital y en tres municipios de la periferia madrileña representativos de distintos modos de producción urbana: Alcalá de Henares, Getafe y Las Rozas de Madrid. Se analizan indicadores derivados del Censo de Población y Viviendas de 2001 en tres categorías de variedad urbana: socioeconómica, del soporte y de usos. Los resultados en las tres categorías se confrontan con un cuarto indicador funcional relativo a la movilidad en el entorno inmediato. El estudio demuestra la tendencia a la simplificación y especialización en las tres categorías durante el proceso de expansión metropolitana, caracterizando el centro y la periferia del Área Metropolitana madrileña como espacios diferenciados desde el punto de vista de la variedad, que se comportan también de forma distinta frente a un parámetro funcional como es la movilidad interna.Palabras claveVariedad urbana, complejidad urbana, área metropolitana, centralidad, periferias, MadridAbstractThe process of construction of Madrid Metropolitan Area supposed the spatial specialization in different areas and the loss of the urban variety traditionally attributed to the city and the urban life. This work tries to define the urban variety in the central districts of the capital city and in three peripheral towns, which represent different manners of urban production: Alcalá de Henares, Getafe, and Las Rozas de Madrid. Data from 2001 Population and Housing Census are analyzed according to three categories of urban variety: socio-economic, residential support, and uses. We compared these results with a fourth indicator referring to mobility in immediate surroundings. Our work

  20. Musealización del patrimonio educativo de los institutos históricos de Madrid. Propuestas para un museo virtual

    OpenAIRE

    Somoza Rodríguez, Miguel

    2011-01-01

    Museums had a remarkable upswing in recent years, due to the renewal of the languages employed in exhibitions, now orientated towards the public, and developing all types of educational activities related to heritage. The oldest secondary schools in Madrid have a valuable educational and historical heritage, consisting of laboratory scientific instruments; zoological, botanical and mineral collections; illustrations, maps and epidiascope plates; legal documents, school records and academic pl...

  1. Instrumentación GPS de pruebas de carga en el Nuevo Puente de Ventas sobre la M-30 en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Morin, Juan Francisco; Luján Diaz, Antonio M.; Martínez Cutillas, Antonio

    2000-01-01

    Se muestra en este artículo el trabajo realizado durante las pruebas de carga de puesta en servicio del Nuevo Puente de Ventas sobre la M-30 de Madrid, con el fin de determinar los desplazamientos producidos mediante la aplicación de técnicas GPS, así como la discusión de precisiones obtenidas y posibilidades que encierra este tipo de sistemas de instrumentación de deformaciones en obra civil.

  2. Multiple intelligences: a framework of the bilingual secondary schools in the Community of Madrid and a perspective of dance to help build up other areas

    OpenAIRE

    Daquila, Jean Pierre

    2014-01-01

    This research aims to explore how Secondary Bilingual Schools in the Community of Madrid develop their work and whether they make use of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences as a tool to facilitate students' learning. These intelligences are bodily-kinesthetic, musical, linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalist. Our work will focus on bodily kinesthetic intelligence. The first part of the study explores the work which has been carried out by teache...

  3. From OCW to MOOC: Deployment of OERs in a Massive Open Online Course. The Experience of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M)

    OpenAIRE

    José Vida Fernández; Susan Webster

    2014-01-01

    The emergence of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) is focusing all its attention on open education. There is growing interest in creating MOOCs, which can be done by transferring OCW courses to MOOC format. However, a series of doubts arise regarding the pros and cons implied in this transformation. In this paper we discuss the conclusions derived from our experience at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid with a widely disseminated OCW course that was satisfactorily converted into a MOOC. This...

  4. Petrophysical properties, composition and deterioration of the Calatorao biogenic stone: case of the sculptures masonry of the Valley of the Fallen (Madrid, Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    García Guinea, Javier; Recio Vázquez, Lorena; Almendros Martín, Gonzalo; Benavente García, David; Correcher Delgado, Virgilio; Pérez García, Antonio; Sánchez Moral, Sergio; Fernández Cortés, Ángel

    2013-01-01

    The huge sculptures placed outdoors in the Valley of the Fallen Memorial Park (El Escorial, Madrid) made with blocks of Black-Limestone from Calatorao-Zaragoza, Spain (BLCZ) and disposed on a concrete core exhibit weathering traces, flaking, saline efflorescence and falling fragments, currently represent a danger for visitors. Frost action is important in the Valley of the Fallen by the large number of freeze–thaw cycles produced during Sculptures‘live under a temperate Mediterranean climate ...

  5. Prevalencia de dolor lumbar en mujeres de 20 a 65 años con incotinencia urinaria en una consulta de ginecología en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Vera García, Emilia

    2015-01-01

    Tesis inédita presentada en la Universidad Europea de Madrid. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Programa de Doctorado en Fisioterapia Avanzada La incontinencia urinaria (IU) y el dolor lumbar (DL) son dos condiciones altamente prevalentes, con un gran impacto negativo en la calidad de vida, importantes repercusiones sobre la salud de los individual y sobre el sistema sanitario que representan un problema de salud a nivel mundial. Para ambas condiciones, incontinencia urinaria y DL, se ...

  6. Viviendas solares autosuficientes: participación de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid en el concurso "Solar Decathlon"

    OpenAIRE

    García Santos, Alfonso; Magdalena Layos, Luis; Bedoya Frutos, César; Gómez Osuna, José Miguel; Uzquiano, María J. J.; Egido Aguilera, Miguel Ángel; Jiménez Leube, Fco. Javier; Neila González, Javier; Caamaño Martín, Estefanía

    2004-01-01

    The Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) has been selected to participate in an international design and construction contest of a self-sufficient solar house. The goal is to build something that would be both, comfortable and capable of dealing with modern equipments, and beyond that, finding harmony between technology and environment. This adventure is called Solar Decathlon. Represents a unique educational and investigative experience for this university in which alumni and profess...

  7. Entrevista a Ana Casaravilla Gil, Adjunta de Innovación Educativa y Profesora de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

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    Equipo Editorial

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Ana Casaravilla Gil es profesora en la Escuela Universitaria de Arquitectura Técnica de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid y Adjunta de Innovación Educativa. Es una persona comprometida con la docencia como puede comprobarse por los numerosos proyectos y trabajos que en esta línea ha venido desarrollando a lo largo de los años. Hemos charlado con ella sobre la Innovación Educativa en la Universidad.

  8. Nuevos datos experimentales sobre parámetros hidrogeológicos de la Cuenca de Madrid obtenidos a partir de muestras de sondeos

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    Villarroya Gil, F. I.

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available A critical review of main hydrogeological parameters (porosity, permeability and specific storage coefficient of Madrid Basin Detrital Aquifer is done. For this study, data from the bibliography and new laboratory analysis of grain size distribution (26, dry density (26, specific weight (26, permeability (20 and consolidation test (6 samples from three boreholes are used. The results are quite similar to those than already exist in the literature, although the porosity obtained is higher.Se hace una revisión crítica de los principales parámetros hidrogeológicos (porosidad, permeabilidad y coeficiente de almacenamiento específico, del Terciario detrítico de la cuenca de Madrid. Para este estudio además de los datos existentes en la bibliografía, se han realizado una serie de análisis de laboratorio desarrollados en las instalaciones del SGOP obteniendo, de esta manera, nuevos valores experimentales de los citados parámetros, mediante ensayos granulométricos (26, de densidad seca (26, de peso específico (26, de permeabilidad (20 y ensayos edométricos (6. Las muestras proceden de tres sondeos realizados en el casco urbano de Madrid por el SGOP (MOPU. Los resultados obtenidos coinciden, en gran medida, con los existentes en la bibliografía, si bien, los valores de porosidad total son marcadamente más altos.

  9. Seismic hazard along a crude oil pipeline in the event of an 1811-1812 type New Madrid earthquake. Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, H.H.M.; Chen, C.H.S.

    1990-04-16

    An assessment of the seismic hazard that exists along the major crude oil pipeline running through the New Madrid seismic zone from southeastern Louisiana to Patoka, Illinois is examined in the report. An 1811-1812 type New Madrid earthquake with moment magnitude 8.2 is assumed to occur at three locations where large historical earthquakes have occurred. Six pipeline crossings of the major rivers in West Tennessee are chosen as the sites for hazard evaluation because of the liquefaction potential at these sites. A seismologically-based model is used to predict the bedrock accelerations. Uncertainties in three model parameters, i.e., stress parameter, cutoff frequency, and strong-motion duration are included in the analysis. Each parameter is represented by three typical values. From the combination of these typical values, a total of 27 earthquake time histories can be generated for each selected site due to an 1811-1812 type New Madrid earthquake occurring at a postulated seismic source.

  10. An analysis of seismic hazard in the Upper Rhine Graben enlightened by the example of the New Madrid seismic zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doubre, Cécile; Masson, Frédéric; Mazzotti, Stéphane; Meghraoui, Mustapha

    2014-05-01

    Seismic hazard in the "stable" continental regions and low-level deformation zones is one of the most difficult issues to address in Earth sciences. In these zones, instrumental and historical seismicity are not well known (sparse seismic networks, seismic cycle too long to be covered by the human history, episodic seismic activity) and many active structures remain poorly characterized or unknown. This is the case of the Upper Rhine Graben, the central segment of the European Cenozoic rift system (ECRIS) of Oligocene age, which extends from the North Sea through Germany and France to the Mediterranean coast over a distance of some 1100 km. Even if this region has already experienced some destructive earthquakes, its present-day seismicity is moderate and the deformation observed by geodesy is very small (below the current measurement accuracy). The strain rate does not exceed 10-10 and paleoseismic studies indicate an average return period of 2.5 to 3 103 ka for large earthquakes. The largest earthquake known for this zone is the 1356 Basel earthquake, with a magnitude generally estimated about 6.5 (Meghraoui et al., 2001) but recently re-evaluated between 6.7 and 7.1 (Fäh et al et al., 2009). A comparison of the Upper Rhine Graben with equivalent regions around the world could help improve our evaluation of seismic hazard of this region. This is the case of the New Madrid seismic zone, one of the best studied intraplate system in central USA, which experienced an M 7.0 - 7.5 earthquake in 1811-1812 and shares several characteristics with the Upper Rhine Graben, i.e. the general framework of inherited geological structures (reactivation of a failed rift / graben), seismicity patterns (spatial variability of small and large earthquakes), the null or low rate of deformation, and the location in a "stable" continental interior. Looking at the Upper Rhine Graben as an analogue of the New Madrid seismic zone, we can re-evaluate its seismic hazard and consider the

  11. Programa de viviendas experimentales en Móstoles, Comunidad de Madrid. España. (Preámbulo

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    Abad Carrascosa, Manuel

    1990-04-01

    Full Text Available This program consists of a total of 102 houses. They are situated in one of the housing estates in the General Urbanization Plan of the Móstoles Town Council (Town on outskirts of Madrid. The development of the prototypes of three different types of housing is to be studied with the aim of studying the experimental results of each one: — Progressive housing. — Housing with passive solar energy — Housing constructed on a basis of a special system in series. The three have the common aim of achieving finanical saving, but by different means: initial investment, saving in energy expenditure, the constructive system. The group of houses is about to be delivered into the hands of its users. We regret the incompleteness of the Information due to the lack of the most important results; the derivatives of its use and development, and Information of a social, economic, cultural, etc., character.

    Esta actuación consta de un total de 102 viviendas. Se encuentran localizadas en uno de los polígonos del Plan General de Urbanismo del Ayuntamiento de Móstoles (Población del extrarradio de Madrid. Se plantea el estudio y desarrollo, por separado, de tres prototipos diferentes de vivienda con el fin de poder estudiar los resultados experimentales de cada uno: — Viviendas progresivas. — Viviendas con energía solar pasiva. — Viviendas construidas a base de un sistema especial en serie. Los tres plantean el ahorro económico como fin común, pero desde distintas bases de partida: la inversión inicial; el ahorro energético, y el sistema constructivo. El conjunto se encuentra a punto de ser entregado a sus usuarios. Lamentamos lo incompleto de la información debido a la falta de sus resultados más importantes: los derivados de su uso y desarrollo; sociales, económicos, culturales, etcétera.

  12. Mármoles y rocas ornamentales en la decoración del Palacio Real de Madrid

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    Tárraga Baldó, M.ª Luisa

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The author demonstrates the eminently national character of the marble decorations of the Madrid Royal Palace, resulting from the personal initiative of the Bourbons. This meant the reconnaissance and exhaustive exploitation of national quarries during the 18th century, as well as the search for marble masons to execute this ornamentation. It was also necessary to create and organize the Royal Marble Workshop, in which much of the work was carried out, not only for the Madrid Palace but also for other Palaces in the Reales Sitios, religious buildings and even private individuals. Other aspects here disclosed include the first, unpublished project for the Casamiento de Mármoles (matching of marbles devised by the architect Juan Bautista Saqueti to decorate the Palace, the origin and variety of the chosen materials and the criteria followed in this selection. All was put into practice obeying and satisfying royal desires.

    En este trabajo se pone de manifiesto el carácter eminentemente nacional que, por iniciativa de los Borbones, se quiso dar a la decoración lapídea del Palacio y que supuso el reconocimiento y la explotación exhaustiva de las canteras nacionales en el s. XVIII, la búsqueda de marmolistas que llevasen a cabo esta ornamentación, la creación y organización del real taller de mármoles, en donde se trabajó esta decoración, tanto para el Palacio como para otros Sitios Reales e incluso para edificios religiosos y de particulares.
    Se desvelan, entre otros aspectos, el primer proyecto de “casamiento de mármoles” ideado por el arquitecto Juan Bautista Saqueti, para decorar el Palacio, hasta ahora inédito; la procedencia y variedad de los materiales elegidos, así como los criterios que primaron en su elección y aplicación, obedeciendo y satisfaciendo los deseos reales.

  13. De la represión al patrimonio: vestigios de la violencia de estado en Madrid y Santiago de Chile

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    Bianchini, Maria Chiara

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores social practices related to two sites of repression both resulting from 20thcentury dictatorships: Villa Grimaldi in Santiago, Chile, and Carabanchel Prison in Madrid, Spain. The conservation and memorialization of «sites of memory» is a common practice in the contemporary world. The objective here is to analyse critically certain aspects of the memorial culture in which these practices are generated and developed, demonstrating the existence of transnational dialogues and mimetic processes between communities rooted in different contexts. Taking this transnational perspective as its starting point, the article explores the actors, languages, rituals and timing of the heritage valuation processes affecting these two sites in the 21st century, and compares and contrasts similarities and differences, demonstrating the development of a common memorial culture. This dialogue suggests a reflection on various critical aspects of the transnational culture in which these two processes are framed.Este artículo investiga las prácticas sociales que se desarrollan en torno a dos lugares de represión de dos dictaduras del siglo XX: Villa Grimaldi en Santiago de Chile y la Cárcel de Carabanchel en Madrid, España. La conservación y memorialización de «sitios de memoria» es una práctica difundida en el mundo actual. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar críticamente algunos aspectos de la cultura memorial en la que estas prácticas nacen y se despliegan, mostrando la existencia de intercambios y procesos de mímesis entre comunidades de distintos contextos. Adoptando esta perspectiva transnacional, se investigan los actores, los lenguajes, los rituales y los tiempos de los procesos de valorización patrimonial que han afectado a estos sitios en el siglo XXI, evidenciando algunas similitudes y diferencias que indican el desarrollo de una cultura memorial común. Este diálogo sugiere una reflexión sobre algunos aspectos cr

  14. El Ms. 1513 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid: primeros pasos en la miniatura gótica hispana

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    Galván Freile, Fernando

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The manuscript 1513 of the Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid, also known as Codex of Batres, contains a whole series of historical texts. The volume we ha ve analysed here is a copy from the works of bishop Pelayo from Oviedo -Corpus Pelagianum-, but we are not acquainted with the exact model used in the making of this volume. It is decorated with a wide number of miniatures going from Tree of Consanguinity and the Compass Card, to the ellígies of kings of León, characters from the O Id Testament, kings of the Antiquity. bishops or the Virgin Mary with the Child. These illuminations form one of the lirst examples of gothic miniature -dated in the first thinl of the XIII century- in the Hispanic occidental kingdoms, though we can observe clear evidence of what could be called Romanesque aesthetic.[fr] Le manuscrit 1513 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid, aussi connu comme Codex de Batres, contient toute une série de textes de caractere historique. Le volume analisé est une copie des écrits de l'éveque Pelayo d'Oviedo -Corpus Pelagianum-, mais on ne connait pas le modele exact qui a serví a la réalisation de ce volume. Il est décoré d'un grand nombre d'enluminures, des Tables de Consanguinité et la Rose des Vents jusqu'aux effigies des rois léonais. en passant par des personnages de l'Ancien Testament, des rois de I'Antiquité, des éveques ou la Vierge avec l'Enfant. Ces illuminations constituent un des premiers exemples de l'enluminure gothique -qui datent du premier tiers du XIII siecle- dans les royaumes occidentaux hispaniques. bien qu'on observe de clairs témoignages de ce qu'on pourrait appeler l'estétique romane.

  15. Equidad y desigualdad nutricional en dos centros escolares de la ciudad de Madrid (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adela Martín

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La inequidad en salud es la diferencia en incidencia, prevalencia, mortalidad, volumen de enfermedades y otras condiciones adversas sanitarias que existen entre grupos de poblaciones específicas. Objetivo: Identificar y analizar las posibles desigualdades nutricionales entre dos centros educativos de dos distritos municipales de la ciudad de Madrid, para promover hábitos saludables, prevenir la obesidad y las enfermedades asociadas en la población infantil. Métodos: Estudio observacional, transversal en 118 estudiantes de 3º Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (14 años de dos centros escolares de diferente nivel socioeconómico. Realización de un cuestionario general de salud validado, medidas antropométricas, presión arterial y actividad física. Resultados: En los dos centros prevalece el normopeso en ambos sexos sin diferencias en cuanto al porcentaje de alumnos con sobrepeso, registrándose un mayor grado de obesidad en el centro público que en el centro privado. Destaca la correlación entre el índice de masa corporal (IMC percentilado y la presión arterial (PA (a mayor IMC, mayor PA. Los patrones alimentarios son similares e independientes del estrato socioeconómico. La quinta parte de los alumnos (principalmente mujeres no realiza ningún tipo de actividad física en su tiempo libre y dedican casi dos horas diarias a acciones sedentarias. Conclusiones: En su conjunto los dos centros educativos se encuentran en normopeso, aunque se observa una tendencia a la obesidad en el centro público frente al centro privado. Estos resultados pueden atribuirse al pequeño tamaño de la muestra o que la inequidad sociocultural a nivel nutricional no se encuentra tan acentuada en la ciudad de Madrid. La prevención y promoción de hábitos saludables es la forma de enfrentarse al sobrepeso, la obesidad juvenil, los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y las enfermedades cardiovasculares en la edad adulta.

  16. Recuperación tipológica de cuatro iglesias rurales (Madrid, España

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    Gutiérrez Marcos, Javier

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the restoration of four rural churches in the Madrid Community with a common set of problems: the typological and structural loss, mainly wooden roof and the retrieval of the architectural scheme in order to enable its comprehension in the historical context. In the church of Camarma, Mudejar elements: apse, ante apse, roofing and mural paintings are restored and displayed. Also, the structural problems in walls that were close to collapsing are solved. En Torremocha, the concealed structure is being revealed and its architectural evolution is shown step by step with an easily comprehensible scheme. The Braojos case represents the elimination of inappropriate actions through the retrieval of the construction scheme of a traditional language and with traditional materials. On the contrary, in Chapinería, a case similar to that of the Braojos one, what is required is the spatial restoration through very current architectural, constructive and formal solutions.

    La restauración de cuatro iglesias rurales de la Comunidad de Madrid con problemática común: la pérdida tipológica y estructural, la cubierta con la madera como material primordial y la recuperación del esquema arquitectónico para permitir su lectura histórica. En la de Camarma se recuperan y muestran sus elementos mudéjares: ábside, ante ábside, techumbre y pinturas murales, además de resolverse problemas estructurales en fábricas próximas a la ruina. En Torremocha se desenmascara la estructura oculta y se muestra escalonadamente su evolución arquitectónica con un esquema fácilmente comprensible. Braojos representa la eliminación de actuaciones inapropiadas mediante la recuperación del esquema constructivo con MÍ lenguaje y unos materiales tradicionales. Por el contrario, en Chapinería, y partiendo de una situación asimilable a la de Braojos, se plantea la recuperación espacial mediante soluciones arquitectónicas, constructivas y

  17. Contenido de ácidos grasos trans en alimentos comercializados en la Comunidad de Madrid (España

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    Santiago Moreno Alcalde

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Como consecuencia de las evidencias científicas que indican que la ingesta elevada de ácidos grasos trans es un factor de riesgo de algunas enfermedades, las autoridades sanitarias recomiendan consumos de ácidos grasos trans menores del 1% de la ingesta energética total. Por otra parte, la Comisión Europea deberá presentar, antes del mes de diciembre del año 2014, un informe sobre la presencia de grasas trans en los alimentos y en la dieta de la población de la unión, por lo que este trabajo puede aportar información útil para conseguir ese objetivo. Objetivos: Conocer los contenidos de ácidos grasos trans en algunos grupos de alimentos de la Comunidad de Madrid. Métodos: Se han seleccionado y analizado 170 muestras de diferentes alimentos de consumo habitual entre niños y adolescentes, que fueron adquiridas durante el mes de febrero de 2010 en centros comerciales de la Comunidad de Madrid. Los resultados se han expresado como porcentaje de cada uno de los ácidos grasos frente al total de los que contiene el alimento. Resultados: Únicamente en 33 alimentos (un 19,4% se ha constatado la presencia de ácidos grasos trans por encima del límite de detección de la técnica (≥ 0,1 g por 100 g, encontrándose las cifras más elevadas en el grupo de los derivados lácteos, con un contenido medio de un 0,4%. Discusión/conclusiones: El contenido en ácidos grasos trans en los productos analizados puede considerarse bajo, en comparación con las cantidades que refieren diferentes autores en alimentos comercializados tanto en España como en otros países a lo largo de los últimos años. Es preciso continuar este tipo de estudios para controlar la calidad y seguridad nutricional de la ingesta de grasa por parte de la población española en general y, en particular, niños y jóvenes.

  18. Review of the terminology used in the public exhibition of Spanish minerals at the Museum of Geomining (Geological Survey of Spain, Madrid); Revision de la terminologia utilizada en la exposicion publica de minerales espanoles del Museo Geominero (IGME, Madrid)

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    Lozano, R. P.; Jimenez Martinez, R.; Gonzalez laguna, R.; Paradas, A.; Baeza, E.

    2011-07-01

    The terms used to identify minerals in public exhibitions usually depends primarily upon the textural, chemical and/or structural problems related to their classification. Furthermore, the label attached to any specimen can only contain a limited amount of information, thus limiting still more the specimen's complete identification. We have examined this problem with the intention of achieving greater rigour in mineral classification whilst at the same time providing the public with the most complete information possible. Five recurring problems encountered in the permanent collections of the Spanish Museum of Geomining in Madrid have been dealt with (allowing the reader to become a virtual visitor): a) specimens made up of several species; b) specimens composed of minerals that form solid-solutions; c) mixed materials of low crystallinity; d) specimens with chemical or structural zones; and e) specimens showing evidence of pseudomorphosis. The minerals involved are common and come from sites in Spain of interest to museums, collectors or commercial ventures. We have only undertaken analyses, using X-ray diffraction, when the information available is non-existent or insufficient. The suggestions made and decisions adopted may help in the labelling of other collections both public and private. (Author) 60 refs.

  19. La ordenanza bioclimática de Tres Cantos, Madrid. Últimos avances en planificación ambiental y sostenible./ The ordinance bioclimatic Tres Cantos, Madrid. Recent developments in environmental planning and sustainable.

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    Higueras García, Ester

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Aunque es de todos reconocida la importancia de planificar con criterios ambientales, son muy pocos los casos en los que estos criterios pasan de los objetivos a las propuestas. En el caso de la localidad de Tres Cantos (Madrid se ha obtenido un importante reto: la aprobación de una ordenanza, denominada Ordenanza Bioclimática, que impulsa el desarrollo urbano equilibrado con su territorio, reduce los consumos de suelo y agua, es respetuosa con el paisaje e incentiva la edificación bioclimática frente a otras convencionales./Despite the well-known relevancy of environmental criteria relating to urban planning, they often remain as objectives and do not become proposals. In the case of Tres Cantos, an important challenge has been proposed: the approval of an ordinance, called Bioclimatic Ordinance, that promotes a proportional urban development relating to the territory, that reduces the use of ground and water, that is respectful towards the landscape and encourages bioclimatic construction against the traditional one.

  20. Estado de salud y capacidad funcional de la población que vive en residencias de mayores en Madrid Health and functional status among elderly individuals living in nursing homes in Madrid

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    Javier Damián

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Los estudios epidemiológicos sobre muestras probabilísticas de población institucionalizada en España son muy escasos. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir el estado de salud y la capacidad funcional de una población de personas mayores que viven en residencias. Sujetos y método: Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico transversal. Mediante un muestreo estratificado por conglomerados, se seleccionó a 800 residentes de 19 residencias públicas y 26 privadas de Madrid. Se entrevistó a los residentes, a los cuidadores principales, a los médicos y a las enfermeras. Se valoraron el estado cognitivo, la salud percibida, la depresión, el dolor, la capacidad funcional, las enfermedades crónicas, las úlceras por presión, la incontinencia urinaria y fecal, el consumo de fármacos y los ingresos hospitalarios. Resultados: El 75% eran mujeres. La edad media ± desviación típica fue de 83,4 ± 7,3 años. El 44% presentó algún grado de deterioro cognitivo. El 46% presentó independencia total o dependencia leve en las actividades básicas de la vida diaria. El 55% declaró una salud percibida muy buena o buena. El 30% presentó síntomas depresivos. El 31% refirió dolor diario en los últimos 7 días. El 3% tenía úlceras por presión. Las enfermedades más prevalentes fueron hipertensión, artrosis, demencias y trastorno de ansiedad (45, 34, 33 y 27%, respectivamente. La prevalencia de demencia de Alzheimer fue del 14%. El 53% tenía incontinencia urinaria y el 26% fecal. El 26% fue trasladado a urgencias en el año anterior. Conclusiones: Las estimaciones en las principales variables, como estado cognitivo y capacidad funcional, son en general más favorables que en otras poblaciones de residentes en Europa y Norteamérica. Esto se explica en parte por la mayor proporción de personas con baja necesidad de cuidados en las residencias de Madrid.Objectives: Epidemiologic studies on probabilistic samples of the