WorldWideScience

Sample records for ciemat madrid 1998-2000

  1. Evaluation of Environmental Tritium Level in Air and Precipitation in the Area of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y tecnologicas (CIEMAT), Madrid. 1998-2000; Evaluacion de los niveles de Tritio Ambiental en Aire y Lluvia en el Area del Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT), Madrid 1998-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero del Hombrebueno, B.; Simon, M.A.; Larena, P.

    2001-07-15

    Concentration of tritium in environmental samples (air, precipitation) has been determined during 1998-2000, by using electrolytic enrichment and liquid scintillation counting. Atmospheric tritium concentration of tritiated water vapor (HTO), expressed in Bq/l varies within a range of 0,77-10.82 giving an overall average value of 1,81{+-}1,82. HTO expressed in mBq/m''3 air varies within a range of 4,6-70; no correlation with the atmospheric humidity was observed. Tritium concentration in the precipitation ranges from 0.35 to 2,18 Bq/l, without seasonal variations. The tritium concentration in the air of the laboratory was approximately five times higher than in the atmosphere due to evaporation of tritium standard water during the process of the samples. (Author) 9 refs.

  2. Assembly of Drift Tubes (DT) Chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid)

    CERN Multimedia

    Jesus Puerta-Pelayo

    2003-01-01

    The construction of muon drift tube chambers (DT) has been carried out in four different european institutes: Aachen (Germany), CIEMAT-Madrid (Spain), Legnaro and Turin (Italy), all of them following similar procedures and quality tests. Each chamber is composed by three or two independent units called superlayers, with four layers of staggered drift cells each. The assembly of a superlayer is a succesive glueing of aluminium plates and I-beams with electrodes previously attached, forming a rectangular and gas-tight volume. These pictures illustrate the various processes of material preparation, construction, equipment and assembly of full chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid).

  3. Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2005-01-01

    The capital of Spain since 1562, Madrid is located on the geographic center of the Iberian Peninsula. Because of its central location and high altitude, the climate of Madrid is characterized by warm dry summers and cool winters. Madrid is a city of great monuments. Among its highlights are the medieval center dating back to the Habsburg Empire and the Prado Museum. "El Madrid de los Austrias" is how Spaniards call the part of

  4. Research at GANIL 1998/2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frankland, J.; Rothard, H.; Bex, M. (eds.)

    2002-01-01

    The present compilation, which gathers 72 articles, tends to reflect a variety of experimental and theoretical works performed at GANIL in the years 1998-2000. This ''just-before-SPIRAL'' period was characterized in nuclear physics by a strong increase in the number of experiments dedicated to the study of the structure of nuclei far from stability. The identification of the doubly-magic {sup 48}Ni and study of the neighbouring nuclei are among the most spectacular results of this research. The contributions have been parted into the following topics: 1) nuclear theory, 2) exotic nuclei: reactions, 3) exotic nuclei: spectroscopy, 4) hot nuclei and hot matter, 5) instrumentation, 6) collisions of ions with atoms and molecules, 7) collisions with solids and surfaces, transport phenomena, energy deposition and sputtering, 8) induced effects in condensed matter including nano-structuration, and 9) radiation chemistry and radiobiology. (A.C.)

  5. SPAM, Activity report 1998-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The aim of this report is to outline the main developments of the ''Service des Photons, Atomes et Molecules'', (SPAM) during the 1998-2000 period: developments in terms of structure, staff, science, collaborations and contracts. SPAM is one of the laboratories in DRECAM (Departement de Recherche sur l'Etat Condense les Atomes et les Molecules), itself depending on the DSM (Direction des Sciences de la Matiere) of the CEA Institution. This report is divided in five chapters. Chapters 1 gathers all the work performed on the light sources, that is to say the evolutions of the femtosecond laser facilities (G1 group) and the achievements on the new SU5 synchrotron line and the Free Electron Laser (part of G3 group). Chapters 2 and 3 focus on the scientific results obtained by the G2 and G3 groups respectively. Chapter 4 gathers all information on SPAM scientific communication while chapter 5 lists interactions with the scientific community. (A.L.B.)

  6. STUK research projects 1998-2000; Saeteilyturvakeskuksen tutkimushankkeet 1998-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salomaa, S.; Eloranta, E.; Heimbuerger, H.; Jokela, K.; Jaervinen, H

    1998-07-01

    The primary goal of STUK, the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, is to prevent and limit the harmful effects of radiation. The research conducted by STUK yields new information related to the use, occurrence and effects of radiation and promotes the supervision of nuclear safety. STUK research projects 1998 - 2000 summarizes STUK`s own research projects and commissioned research designed to promote the supervision of nuclear safety. Information on the research projects and related publications is also available on STUK`s WWW pages at www.stuk.fi. The work done on the safe use of nuclear power and nuclear waste management mainly comprises commissioned research projects which derive from the needs of authorities, and are funded and directed by STUK. This research is conducted by organizations outside STUK, but supervised by STUK experts. In some cases, STUK personnel are also involved. The goal of this research work is to produce the information needed for decision-making, to develop supervisory methods and to ensure that recent developments in science and technology are taken into account in action to promote safe use of nuclear power. STUK`s own research focuses on radiation protection and the health effects of radiation. During 1998 - 2000, the main emphasis will be on projects supporting the Finnish national environmental health action plan, the health risks of radiation, emergency preparedness and cooperation with neighbouring CEE areas. EU directives on radiation protection and medical exposure to radiation also influence the course taken by research carried out at STUK. STUK`s research activities are now more international than ever; the institute is involved in more then 20 research projects funded by EU. Apart from the EU and the Nordic countries, STUK`s main partners are to be found in Russia, Estonia and the USA. (orig.)

  7. 8 Hour Ozone Design Value for 1998-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Ozone design value is based on the average of the annual 4th highest daily 8-hour maximum over a 3-year period (1998-2000) in this case. This is a human health...

  8. Juan Antonio Rubio appointed as Director-General of CIEMAT

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Juan Antonio Rubio, Head of CERN's ETT unit (Education and Technology Transfer) has been appointed by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science as the Director General of the Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology, CIEMAT. Dr Rubio's career began at the Spanish Nuclear Energy Commission where he held the posts of Investigator, Head of the High Energy Group and Head of Nuclear Physics and High Energy Division. Later, he was named Director of the Department of Basic Investigation and Scientific Director of the CIEMAT. In 1987 he joined CERN as Scientific Adviser to the Director General and Group Leader of the Scientific Assessment Group. Up to now, Dr Rubio has been the Head of the ETT unit, as well as Coordinator for Latin America and Commissioner for the 50th Anniversary of the Organization. He was born on 4 June 1944 in Madrid, and holds a Doctorate in Physical Sciences from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

  9. Scientific and Technological Facilities in CIEMAT; Las Instalaciones del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vaquero Ortiz, E. M.

    2012-09-13

    The precise knowledge of the available Resources in an Organization, regardless the work it carries out, is an essential strategic enable to achieve its goals. Material Resources are part of the resources in an organization, The Material Resources expression includes a wide span of elements, because a Material Resource, as a generic concept, is each and every specific physical mean, utilised to get any of the Organization objectives. In case of CIEMAT, as Public Research Agency, its Material Resources consists of its scientific and technological facilities. These resources are the basis of this Agency numerous amount of technical capabilities, allowing it to carry out its research, development and innovation activity to transfer its results to the society later. This report is a summary on CIEMAT scientific and technological facilities, whose spread can help to show its scientific and technological capabilities, to enable the execution of a wide variety of projects and to open new external cooperation channels. In that list its possible to find the two Unique Scientific and Technological Infrastructures (ICTS) in Spain which are hold by CIEMAT and the Ionizing Radiations Metrology Laboratory (LMRI) which is the Spanish National Standards Laboratory for ionising radiations. (Author)

  10. Nuclear Safety research in CIEMAT; Quince anos de investigacion en Seguridad Nuclear en el Ciemat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez Jimenez, J.

    2003-07-01

    A review was done on the main activities performed and achievements managed by the Project of Nuclear Safety Research (Department of Nuclear Fission) of Ciemat in the last fifteen years on the areas of: severe accident, advanced reactors and containment analysis. It was emphasised Ciemat's participation in national and international projects, mainly promoted by The Spanish Nuclear Sector, the CSN the OECD, EPRI and the European Union. The experimental and analytical capabilities on reactor nuclear safety set up in Ciemat along this period of time were also described. (Author) 23 refs.

  11. Work on PETS Developed at CIEMAT

    CERN Document Server

    Sanchez, Laura; Calero, Jesus; Carrillo, David; Gavela, Daniel; Gutierrez, Jose Luis; Lara, Alvaro; Rodriguez, Enrique; Toral, Fernando; Doebert, Steffen; Riddone, Germana; Samoshkin, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    CIEMAT has been working on the RF power extractor so-called PETS (Power Extraction and Transfer Structure) for the CLIC Test Facility 3 (CTF3) since 2007. The first contribution has been installed at the Test Beam Line (TBL). Additionally, a new PETS configuration is presently under fabrication at CIEMAT and will be installed in the Test Module at CTF3. This paper describes the PETS prototypes design, fabrication and assembly techniques. The characterization of the devices with low RF power is also described.

  12. Technology monitoring in the CIEMAT; La vigilancia tecnologica en el CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Martinez, M.; Cuesta, M. J.; Crespi, S. N.; Cabrera, J. A.

    2008-07-01

    The CIEMAT Foresight and Technology Monitoring Unit focuses its activities on obtaining strategic information on future developments in the area of energy and environment that can be used for decision making by the centers management. In addition, it provides services to CIEMAT researchers and other external customers. In May 2007, the Asociacion Espanola de Normalizacion y Certificacion AENOR delivered to the CIEMAT the first Technology Monitoring System certificate granted in Spain as per standard UNE 166006:2006. This article describes the Units experience in the implementation process of the Technology Monitoring System and provides several examples of the way in which the Unit graphically represents the information analyzed in its Technology Monitoring Reports. (Author)

  13. Facility Bench of Stationary Engines for Study of Emissions (E65-PO) CIEMAT; Instalacion Banco de Motores Estacionarios para Estudio de Emisiones (E65-PO) CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rojas Garcia, E.; Rodriguez Maroto, J.J.

    2007-07-01

    The Project of Technology of Aerosols in Generation of Energy, of the Department of Fossil Fuels of the CIEMAT, began in the year 2004, a research activity line, based on the study of the emissions coming from internal combustion engines, particularly of Diesel technology. Activity was continued by the Polluting Emissions Group of the Department of Environment, when becoming the original Project in this Group. From the concession to the Group, of the project GR/AMB/0119/2004 Evaluation of the Emissions of Biodiesel supported by the Autonomous Community of Madrid together with the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), this activity was encourage, with the design, assembly and to get ready of the facility Bench of stationary engines for study of emissions, located in the building 65 at CIEMAT, Madrid. The present report constitutes a detailed technical description of each one of the elements that the installation Bench of stationary engines for study of emissions it integrated within the framework of the referred project (GR/AMB/0119/2004) and whose capacity includes studies of the effects of the engine, fuel, operation conditions, and methodology of sampling and measurement of emissions (gases and particles). The fundamental parts of facility describes in the present report are: engine test cell (cabin of sound insulation , ventilation and refrigeration system, anti vibrations mounting, engine, dynamometric brake), lines of preconditioning of particles and gases emissions (exhaust line, primary and secondary dilution lines, gases cleaning system...), other general parts of facility (sampling and measurement station, service lines...). The present report not only reflects the characteristics of the systems involved, but rather also in certain cases specified the procedure and reason for their choice. (Author) 10 refs.

  14. Incidencia de cáncer en Navarra (1998-2000 Incidence of cancer in Navarre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ardanaz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1998 y 2000 se registraron un promedio anual de 3.303 casos de cáncer invasivo en Navarra, el 58% en hombres. Si exceptuamos los tumores de piel no melanoma el número anual de casos fue de 2.495, con tasas de incidencia bruta de 559 y 372 por 100.000 en hombres y en mujeres y unas tasas ajustadas a la población mundial de 312 y 203 por 100.000, respectivamente. Entre los hombres las cuatro localizaciones tumorales más frecuentemente diagnosticadas fueron próstata, pulmón, colorectal y vejiga que sumaron el 57% de todos los casos. Entre las mujeres destacan por su frecuencia los tumores de mama, colorectal, cuerpo de útero y ovario que sumaron el 54% del total de los casos. Respecto al quinquenio 1993-97, la incidencia global de cáncer en el trienio 1998-2000 ha aumentado un 4,2% en los hombres y un 7,4% en las mujeres. A destacar el aumento de incidencia de cáncer de pulmón y linfomas no Hodgkin en ambos sexos y del cáncer de mama en mujeres y próstata en hombres. Continúan descendiendo las tasas de incidencia de cáncer de estómago en ambos sexos, siguiendo la tendencia iniciada en los 70.Between 1998 and 2000 an annual average of 3,303 cases of invasive cancer were registered in Navarre, 58% of them in men. If we except non melanoma skin tumours, the annual number of cases was 2,495, with gross incidence rates of 559 and 372 per 100,000 in men and women, and rates adjusted to the world population of 312 and 203 per 100,000 respectively. Amongst men, the four most frequently diagnosed tumoural localisations were the prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder, accounting for 57% of all cases. The most notable due to their frequency amongst women were tumours of the breast, colorectal, uterus body and ovary, accounting for 54% of all cases. With respect to the five year period from 1993 to1997, the global incidence of cancer in the three year period from 1998 to 2000 has increased 4.2% in men and 7.4% in women. The incidence of

  15. Signature of Spanish Traineeship Collaboration Agreement between CERN and CIEMAT

    CERN Multimedia

    Redondo Esteban, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Signature of the collaboration agreement for the training of young Spanish engineers and applied physicists in key CERN technologies. CIEMAT represented by D. Cayetano Lopez Martinez, Director-General. CERN represented by Dr. Jose Miguel Jimenez, Head of Technology Department. In presence of Ms Maria Luisa Poncela Garcia, Secretary-General for Science, Technology and Innovation. Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.

  16. Neutron Standards Laboratory of the CIEMAT; Laboratorio de Patrones Neutronicos del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzman G, K. A. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, C. Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Mendez V, R. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vega C, H. R., E-mail: karen.guzman.garcia@alumnos.upm.es [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico)

    2014-08-15

    By means of a calculation series with Monte Carlo methods and the code MCNPX was characterized the neutrons field produced by the existent calibration sources in the Neutron Standards Laboratory of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT). The laboratory has two neutron calibration sources one of {sup 241}AmBe and other {sup 252}Cf that are stored in a water pool. A detailed three-dimensional model of the room was built with the base of stainless steel remarking in the selector to the sources that situates them to 4 m of the floor to be irradiated on the irradiation table and the storage pool. Each one of the sources was defined on the model in its double steel encapsulated. The spectra were calculated with different cases with the purpose of to calculate the contribution of each element that impacts to the neutrons transport. The spectra of the calibration sources were calculated to different distances regarding the source from 0, 15, 35, 50 to 300 cm on the base and in a same way the values of the ambient dose equivalent using the approaches of the ICRP-74. The results show clearly that the great contribution in the modification of the spectrum is attributed to the walls, and floor of the Neutron Standards Laboratory installations. (Author)

  17. Research of CIEMAT in; Investigacion del CIEMAT en secuencias SGTR de accidente severo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.; Lopez del Pra, C.; Sanchez Velasco, F. J.

    2006-07-01

    Severe accident sequences with Steam Generator Tube Ruptures (STGR) are risk dominant PWR reactors, in spite of being very low probability events. Their relevance lies in the potential radioactive release from reactor coolant system to the environment (containment bypass). Lack of knowledge on the steam generator capability to mitigate Source Term has prevented its consideration in probabilistic safety studies and severe accident management guidelines. CIEMAT has undertaken a theoretical and experimental research program that is providing results on the aerosol retention in the nearby of the tube breach under the most credible challenging conditions: total absence of water in the secondary side of the steam generator. This paper describes the objectives, the approach and the obtained (Phase I) and foreseeable (Phase II) results of this program. Its development has been internationally framed within the EU-SGTR and the ARTIST program. The experimental activities of Phase I, carried out in the PECA-SGTR facility, showed a low particle deposition (less than 20%) on tube surfaces around the breach. Data highlighted that the gas mass flux effect was substantially more influencing than other, like the ones of breach shape and orientation. Above 100 kg/h, the higher the gas mass flux the lower the retention reduction. In addition, the tests pointed out the potential role that phenomena like particle fragmentation and/or resuspension could play in the scenario. The Phase II of the program will be aimed at confirming and quantifying the Phase I observations and at analyzing the effect of particle nature. On the theoretical side, a model based on the filter concept is being developed (ARISG). It considers inertial impaction and turbulent deposition as the main aerosol retention mechanisms. Both require a detailed aerodynamic characterization of the gas flow in the scenario, so that 3D fluid-dynamic simulations are being conducted and validated against ad-hoc experiments of

  18. Quality management system in the CIEMAT Radiation Dosimetry Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín, R; Navarro, T; Romero, A M; López, M A

    2011-03-01

    This paper describes the activities realised by the CIEMAT Radiation Dosimetry Service (SDR) for the implementation of a quality management system (QMS) in order to achieve compliance with the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 and to apply for the accreditation for testing measurements of radiation dose. SDR has decided the accreditation of the service as a whole and not for each of its component laboratories. This makes it necessary to design a QMS common to all, thus ensuring alignment and compliance with standard requirements, and simplifying routine works as possible.

  19. Efforts by the CIEMAT to diagnose and treat Butterfly children. the CIEMAT in the CIBER of Rare Diseases; Esfuerzos en el CIEMAT por diagnosticas y tratar a los ninos pariposa. El CIEMAT en el CIBER de enfermedades Raraas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rio Nechaevsky, M. del

    2009-07-01

    The CIEMAT is one of the institutions associated with the Center for Online Biomedical Research of Rare Diseases (CIBERER). The CIBER of Rare diseases is one of the new public consortiums established at the initiative of the Carlos III Institute of Health. It is formed by 60 research groups linked to 30 different institutions. These research groups are the basic operating units and are grouped together in seven scientific areas. With this online structure, the CIBERER is a pioneering initiative to facilitate synergy's between cutting-edge groups and institutions in different areas and disciplines in the field of rare diseases, as well as to ensure that scientific findings are transferred from the laboratory to the clinic, based on the concept of Translational Research. (Author) 13 refs.

  20. Research in the Ciemat on severe accidents: strategy and recent results; Investigaciones en el Ciemat sobre accidentes severos: estrategia y resultados recientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.

    2012-11-01

    Severe accident research is a fundamental brick in the nuclear technology wall. Its complexity entails huge challenges that require international cooperation to be overcome. CIEMAT has accumulated more than 40 years of experience in the field. By setting a structured research strategy and a continuous enhancement of theoretical an experimental capabilities, CIEMAT has recently produced the results on which this article builds up. Through them, both its working domains and its firm commitment for a continuous growth of knowledge and know-how are outlined. (Author) 24 refs.

  1. Social class differences in secular trends in established coronary risk factors over 20 years: a cohort study of British men from 1978-80 to 1998-2000.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheena E Ramsay

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD mortality in the UK since the late 1970s has declined more markedly among higher socioeconomic groups. However, little is known about changes in coronary risk factors in different socioeconomic groups. This study examined whether changes in established coronary risk factors in Britain over 20 years between 1978-80 and 1998-2000 differed between socioeconomic groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A socioeconomically representative cohort of 7735 British men aged 40-59 years was followed-up from 1978-80 to 1998-2000; data on blood pressure (BP, cholesterol, body mass index (BMI and cigarette smoking were collected at both points in 4252 survivors. Social class was based on longest-held occupation in middle-age. Compared with men in non-manual occupations, men in manual occupations experienced a greater increase in BMI (mean difference = 0.33 kg/m(2; 95%CI 0.14-0.53; p for interaction = 0.001, a smaller decline in non-HDL cholesterol (difference in mean change = 0.18 mmol/l; 95%CI 0.11-0.25, p for interaction≤0.0001 and a smaller increase in HDL cholesterol (difference in mean change = 0.04 mmol/l; 95%CI 0.02-0.06, p for interaction≤0.0001. However, mean systolic BP declined more in manual than non-manual groups (difference in mean change = 3.6; 95%CI 2.1-5.1, p for interaction≤0.0001. The odds of being a current smoker in 1978-80 and 1998-2000 did not differ between non-manual and manual social classes (p for interaction = 0.51. CONCLUSION: Several key risk factors for CHD and type 2 diabetes showed less favourable changes in men in manual occupations. Continuing priority is needed to improve adverse cardiovascular risk profiles in socially disadvantaged groups in the UK.

  2. Results of the First Evaluation Exercise of the Traceability of Isotope Calibrators in Nuclear Medicine Services of the Community of Madrid; Resultados de la I Campana de Evaluacion de la Trazabilidad de Activimetros de los Servicios de Medicina Nuclear en la Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia-Torano Martinez, E.; Los Arcos Mrenio, J.M.; Roteta Ibarra, M.

    2002-07-01

    To evaluate the traceability of isotope calibrators in the Community of Madrid, an intercomparison exercise was organised by the Laboratorio de Metrologia de Radiaciones Ionizantes (CIEMAT). Samples of ''131 I and''99m Tc were submited to the participant laboratories for measurement. Values reported by the participants and reference values are discussed and compared in tables and graphs and some recommendations are made. (Author) 3 refs.

  3. Participation of CIEMAT in studies of radioecology in european marine ecosystems; Participacion del Ciemat en estudios de radioecologia en ecosistemas marinos Europeos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasco, C.; Meral, J.; Gonzalez, A. M. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    1999-07-01

    In this report the different objectives and results achieved through the participation of the Aquatic Radioecology Laboratory for CIEMAT in some European Projects from 1994 up to now are detailed. A Description of the studied ecosystems, the sampling campaigns performed, and the analytical methods developed are presented as well. Finally the main results and conclusions obtained are summarized. (Author)

  4. Participation of CIEMAT in 27th annual meeting of the Spanish Nuclear Safety; Participacion del CIEMAT en la 27 Reunion Anual de la Sociedad Nuclear Espanola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    The book assembles the paper of researches of CIEMAT during the 27th annual meeting of Spanish Nuclear society. The paper were presented during the following sessions: 1. Maintenance and in-service inspection 2. Radioactive wastes. 3. Environment 4. R and D management 5. Nuclear Safety. 6. Lifetime. (Author)

  5. Participation of CIEMAT in 26th annual meeting of the Spanish Nuclear Safety; Participacion del CIEMAT en la 26 reunion anual de la Sociedad Nuclear Espanola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The book assembles the paper of researches of CIEMAT during the 26th annual meeting of Spanish Nuclear society. The paper were presented during the following sessions: 1. Maintenance and in-service inspection 2. Radioactive wastes 3. Environment 4. R and D management 5. Nuclear Safety 6. Lifetime.

  6. New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Pittsburgh, Boston, Buffalo, Detroit, and Chicago . Even though the system consists of multiple parallel underground pipeline, a major earthquake would...24 Ibid., 74. 25 Norma Hayes Bagnall, On Shaky Ground, the New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812 (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1996...blank, 36 BIBLIOGRAPHY Bagnall, Norma Hayes. On Shaky Ground, the New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812. Columbia, Missouri: University of

  7. Las noticias de Madrid (News from Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahrle Suzanne

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Over 5,000 participants attended the 10th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease (ICAD and Related Disorders in Madrid, Spain from July 15–20, 2006. Highlights of the conference included reports on brain imaging, the discovery of mutations in the progranulin gene that cause frontotemporal dementia, the finding that neuregulin-1 is a substrate for BACE1 and new interest in the connection between Alzheimer's disease and metabolic syndromes.

  8. The CIEDA-CIEMAT. The close relationship been Environmental Law and Scientific-Technical Innovation; El CIEDA-CIEMAT. La Intima relacion entre el derecho ambiental y la innovacion cientifico-tecnica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molina Hernandez, A. J.

    2010-07-01

    The main goal of the International Environmental Law Studies Center (CIEDA-CIEMAT) is to become a reference center in the area of research, development and dissemination of the legal instruments needed to implement sustainability policies. The CIEDA-CIEMAT forms part of the actions included in the Specific Action Plan for Soria (PAES) that commissions CIEMAT to create such a center. The legal needs associated with environmental protection have brought about a rapid evolution of environmental law. The CIEDA-CIEMAT intends to support the public powers and civil society in the implementation of a sustainable development model. Considering the global nature of environmental problems, the international orientation of the Center is an essential ingredient, with a special focus on cooperation with the developing countries. Tho close ties of this branch of law to scientific-technological knowledge fully justifies the inclusion of a center of this nature in CIEMAT. (Author)

  9. Selected micrometeorological and soil-moisture data at Amargosa Desert Research Site, an arid site near Beatty, Nye County, Nevada, 1998-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Michael J.; Mayers, Charles J.; Andraski, Brian J.

    2002-01-01

    Selected micrometeorological and soil-moisture data were collected at the Amargosa Desert Research Site adjacent to a low-level radioactive waste and hazardous chemical waste facility near Beatty, Nev., 1998-2000. Data were collected in support of ongoing research studies to improve the understanding of hydrologic and contaminant-transport processes in arid environments. Micrometeorological data include precipitation, air temperature, solar radiation, net radiation, relative humidity, ambient vapor pressure, wind speed and direction, barometric pressure, soil temperature, and soil-heat flux. All micrometeorological data were collected using a 10-second sampling interval by data loggers that output daily mean, maximum, and minimum values, and hourly mean values. For precipitation, data output consisted of daily, hourly, and 5-minute totals. Soil-moisture data included periodic measurements of soil-water content at nine neutron-probe access tubes with measurable depths ranging from 5.25 to 29.75 meters. The computer data files included in this report contain the complete micrometeorological and soil-moisture data sets. The computer data consists of seven files with about 14 megabytes of information. The seven files are in tabular format: (1) one file lists daily mean, maximum, and minimum micrometeorological data and daily total precipitation; (2) three files list hourly mean micrometeorological data and hourly precipitation for each year (1998-2000); (3) one file lists 5-minute precipitation data; (4) one file lists mean soil-water content by date and depth at four experimental sites; and (5) one file lists soil-water content by date and depth for each neutron-probe access tube. This report highlights selected data contained in the computer data files using figures, tables, and brief discussions. Instrumentation used for data collection also is described. Water-content profiles are shown to demonstrate variability of water content with depth. Time-series data are

  10. El papel del movimiento Quinta República en la recomposición del régimen político venezolano (1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Honorio Martinez Torres

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available En el presente texto se analiza cómo en medio de la descomposición del régimen político punto fijista un sector de las Fuerzas Armadas encabezó y logró constituirse en la alternativa de recomposición y relegitimación del Estado venezolano. Se describen los orígenes del Movimiento Quinta República (MVR, su orientación ideológica y discursiva, sus formas de organización y acción, las tácticas electorales que utilizó para producir un nuevo orden constitucional, los conflictos que suscitó dicho proceso y las reformas políticas y económicas más significativas que se establecieron con la Constitución Política de 1999. Finalmente se esboza la importancia que tuvieron las reformas producidas en el aparato del Estado, la renovación de los funcionarios de alto nivel, y los resultados mayoritarios obtenidos por el gobierno en los procesos electorales del período 1998-2000 para la constitución de una nueva hegemonía en la conducción del régimen político venezolano. Palabras clave: punto fijismo, Movimiento Quinta República, bolivarianismo, globalización neoliberal. __________________Abstract:In this article the author studies a sector of the Venezuelan Army that became the alternative to recompose and legitimatize the Venezuelan State during the political regime named “punto fijo”. In the same sense, it describes the creation of the Fifth Republic Movement, its ideological orientation, its structure and action process, its electoral tactics which got a new constitutional order, the conflicts coming from the emergence of such political party, and state and economic reforms by the Constitution of 1999. Finally, the author talks about the importance of the reforms, the renewal of nigh level civil servants, and the effective electoral results of the Fifth Republic Movement during the period 1998-2000, that constituted a new Venezuelan hegemonic policy order.Keywords: Punto fijo, Fifth Republic Movement, Bolivarianismo

  11. Association of stressful life events with acute myocardial infarction in population in the city of Niš within the period from 1998-2000.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deljanin Zorana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Stressful life events present a very important category of psychosocial stress. A few studies have showed that a psychosocial stress represents a very important risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI, but measures of stress may not be suitable for different countries, cultures and ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of stressful life events with AMI in the period of 1998-2000 in the population of the city of Niš. Methods. A case-control study included 100 patients with the first MI (in the period 1998-2000 and 100 healthy subjects, matched with respect to sex and age (± 2 years from the city of Niš. The data of stressful life events were obtained by the Scaling of life events by Paykel ES, modified by the authors consistent with the examined population and the period of investigation. The Yates χ2 test, odds ratio - OR and their 99% interval of confidence were used as statistical procedures. Results. The results showed that stressful life events in the period of investigation were very important risk factors for AMI with a statistically significant level (p = 0.000. Huge financial problems (OR = 202.36, Ci = 24.82-4387.58, violation of law (OR = 168.00, Ci = 10.66-6658.96 and serious illness of family members (OR = 159.60, Ci = 19.05- 3514.81 were the highest risk for AMI. The patients who reported that his/her son or other member of family had been gone to the army (or mobilization before the illness onset, had 138 times higher risk of AMI (Ci = 14.98-3222.47, χ2 = 40.95, p = 0.000, while the patients who had mobilized themselves had 84 times higher risk (Ci = 7.00- 2363.06, χ2 = 23.87, p = 0.000. Effect of several stressful life events lead to significantly increased risk of AMI and that significance is larger as the number of life events is more frequent (one life event: OR = 28.41, Ci = 3.73- 593.52; χ2 = 17.40, p = 0.000; ≥ 4: OR = 336.00, Ci = 28.31- 9760.28, χ2 = 50

  12. Exploración sobre las migraciones internas en las provincias y los municipios de Cuba (1995-1997 y 1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Montes Rodríguez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las migraciones internas en Cuba atendiendo a dos escalas territoriales: provincial y municipal. El análisis se basa en la comparación de la dinámica migratoria de los períodos 1995-1997 y 1998-2000. La definición de estos períodos la pone el año 1997, año en que el Decreto-Ley 217 va a regular el ingreso temporal o permanente en la Ciudad de La Habana, y especialmente en los municipios de Habana Vieja, Centro Habana, Cerro y 10 de Octubre. Algunos de los resultados de la investigación evidencian como un proceso restrictivo en la llegada de emigrantes a La Capital puede cambiar el sentido de la emigración hacia otros territorios antes no considerados, o considerados menos, como lugar de destino. Las fuentes estadísticas utilizadas ha sido las Estadísticas Continuas desde 1995 al 2000 (Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas y Anuario Demográfico de la Oficina Nacional de Estadística.

  13. Variability in Ozone in the Tropical Upper Troposphere-Lower Stratosphere from the 1998-2000 SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes) Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, A. M.; Witte, J. C.; McPeters, R. D.; Schmidlin, F. J.; Oltmans, S. J.; Kirchhoff, V. W. J. H.; Coetzee, G. J. R.; Posny, F.; Kawakami, S.; Ogawa, T.; Bhartia, P. K. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The first view of lower stratospheric and upper tropospheric structure from sondes is provided by a 3-year, 10-site record from the Southern Hemisphere ADditional OZonesondes (SHADOZ) network: Data_service s/shadoz>. Observations covering 1998-2000 were made over Ascension Island; Nairobi, Kenya; Irene, South Africa; Reunion Island; Watukosek, Java; Fiji; Tahiti; American Samoa; San Cristobal, Galapagos; Natal, Brazil. Taking the UT/LS (upper troposphere- lower stratosphere) as the region between 12 and 17 km, we examine ozone variability in this region on a week-to-week and seasonal basis. The tropopause is lower in September-October-November than in March-April-May, when ozone is a minimum at most SHADOZ stations. A zonal wave-one pattern (referring to ozone mixing ratios greater over the Atlantic and adjacent continents than over the Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean), persists all year. The wave, predominantly in the troposphere and with variable magnitude, appears to be due to general circulation - with subsidence over the Atlantic and frequent deep convection over the Pacific and Indian Ocean. The variability of deep convection most prominent at Java, Fiji, Samoa and Natal - is explored in time-vs-altitude ozone curtains. Stratospheric incursions into the troposphere are most prominent in soundings at Irene and Reunion Island.

  14. Consolidation of use of the CSN-CIEMAT radiological protection educational portal; Consolidacion de la utilidad del portal educativo de proteccion radiologica CSN-Ciemat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Llorente Herranz, C.; Marco Arboli, M.; Fernandez Sanchez, J.; Villaroel Gonzalez-Elipe, R.

    2016-05-01

    he workers of nuclear and radioactive facilities are required to undertake training programmes on radiological protection in order to achieve the accreditations and licences granted by the CSN. Since 2003, the Council has been collaborating with CIEMAT in the development, maintenance and updating of the teaching material for these courses. More than a thousand such courses have been delivered to date and their contents are accessible via Internet. (Author)

  15. User's and Programmer's Guide for HPC Platforms in CIEMAT; Guia de Utilizacion y programacion de las Plataformas de Calculo del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munoz Roldan, A.

    2003-07-01

    This Technical Report presents a description of the High Performance Computing platforms available to researchers in CIEMAT and dedicated mainly to scientific computing. It targets to users and programmers and tries to help in the processes of developing new code and porting code across platforms. A brief review is also presented about historical evolution in the field of HPC, ie, the programming paradigms and underlying architectures. (Author) 32 refs.

  16. Operating Instructions for the Cryogenics in the Liquid Argon Detector at CIEMAT; Operacion de la Criogenia del Detector de Argon Liquido del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, L.; Leal, M. D.; Prado, M. del; Ramirez, J. L.

    2009-12-19

    Ciemat has wide experience in designing and developing gaseous particle detectors. It has taken part in the building of experiments for CERN accelerators, constructing shares of the muon chambers for L3 experiment in LEP and CMS experiment in LHC. Recently, new concepts for particle detectors have been developed, as a natural evolution from the ones built at Ciemat. These new radiation detectors use liquefied noble gases as active media. A testing system for these kind of liquefied argon detectors has been built at Ciemat, and includes a supporting cryogenic system for the liquefaction and maintenance of the liquid argon needed for operating the detector. This document describes the technical features of this cryogenic system. Besides the documentation of the cryogenic system, this technical report can be of help for the management and upgrading of the detector. As well as an introduction, the report includes the following chapters: The second one is a description of the cryogenics and gas systems. The third chapter shows the controlling electronics. The fourth chapter deals with the important topic that is security, its systems and protocols. The fifth describes the cryogenic operations possible in this equipment. The report is completed with diagrams, schemes, pictures and tables for the easier management of the setup. (Author)

  17. Sanitation system for Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-01-01

    The Full Sanitation Plan for Madrid is the final action of a series undertaken for several years with the purpose to reach the completion of the sanitation system of the town. With the whole of these actions it could be said that the basic substructure has acquired enough level to deserve de real needs of the town.

  18. Puerta del Sol, Madrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Professor Eric Corijn (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) og hans virke som dynamisk urbanist blev sat i scene, da 4Cities-masterprogrammet (4Cities.eu) underviste i Madrid midt under bosættelsen på pladsen Puerta del Sol i maj 2011. Artiklen tematiserer forbindelsen mellem det sociale og rumlige liv på...

  19. Mad about Real Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    CHINESE football fans have never expended so much on one football game. Real Madrid's six football superstars, two million euro the richer after this trip to China, will doubtless look back on it as the pinnacle of their earning power. Fans were ecstatic at seeing

  20. Research on high temperature reactors cooled gas: CIEMAT contribution to the analysis of safety containment; Investigacion en reactores de alta temperatura refrigerados por gas: contribucion de Ciemat al analisis de seguridad del confirnamiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.; Fontanet, J.

    2010-07-01

    CIEMAT has collaborated with PBMR Limited in the confinement safety studies of the potentially first commercial scale HTR (High Temperature Reactor) reactor. Framed within one of the most controversial areas brought up by the HTR technology, the containment-confinement dilemma, CIEMAT has carried out analyses of postulated accident scenarios considered in the licensing basis report. By characterizing thermal-hydraulic responses and radioactivity retention efficiency of the several confinement designs explored, CIEMAT has highlighted the stability and the outstanding filtration capability of the filtered venting proposed in the base design, which could be even enhanced by a coupling in series of wet and high-efficient dry filtration devices. (Author) 27 refs.

  1. A vigilância sanitária em Feira de Santana no processo de descentralização da saúde (1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iraildes Andrade Juliano

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa a organização da Vigilância Sanitária (Visa de Feira de Santana no processo de descentralização da saúde (1998-2000, apontando avanços e limites no cenário local. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, numa perspectiva histórico-social, cujo recorte espacial foi a Divisão de Vigilância Sanitária da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde. Os materiais empíricos foram os depoimentos de gestores, técnicos, inspetores sanitários e fontes documentais. A análise evidenciou a ausência de um projeto político para a gestão descentralizada das ações de Visa no município. Aponta limites: (desarticulação com o nível regional, recursos humanos temporários e sem qualificação técnica, dificuldades na utilização do incentivo financeiro, insuficiência de infra-estrutura e interferências políticas. Destaca avanços: cumprimento da Programação Pactuada e Integrada, cadastramento dos estabelecimentos sujeitos à fiscalização sanitária, articulações interinstitucionais. Esse processo necessita da mobilização de sujeitos sociais com capacidade de vocalização para inscrevê-lo numa agenda de prioridades, em prol da qualidade de vida da população.

  2. Casa en Torrelodones, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cubillo de Arteaga, L.

    1960-07-01

    Full Text Available El monte bajo de la parte norte de Madrid, hacia la sierra, es de una serena y agreste belleza, con alteraciones pronunciadas y conjuntos rocosos de valor ornamental extraordinario. En uno de sus rincones: Torrelodones, y encaramado en la cima de un montículo, con vistas al hermoso paisaje y a las escarpadas montañas, se ha construido una vivienda de dimensiones medias, ocupando unos 200 m2 de planta edificada.

  3. Historical summary of the Ciemat activities in the field of radioecology; Sintesis historica de las actividades desarrolladas en el Ciemat en el campo de la radioecologia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez, J.; Robles, B.; Real, A.; Mora, J. C.

    2013-03-01

    This paper is a historical summary of the Ciemat activities in the field of radioecology, carried out, in the most of the cases, in a abroad national and international framework. It also presents the most relevant results obtained. Among them, experimental research, modelling and assessment activities are described, all of them relevant from a radioecological point of view for predicting, understanding and quantifying the mechanisms and processes governing the radionuclides environmental behaviour and their pathways to research humans and wildlife. An extensive list of reference is given in order to facilitate the reader access to more specific information related to any of the described areas. (Author) 56 refs.

  4. Bilateral Comparison CIEMAT-CENTIS-DMR for radionuclide activity measurements; Comparacion Bilateral CIEMAT-CENTIS-DMR de la Medida de Actividad de Radionucleidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oropesa Verdecia, P.; Garcia-Torano, E.

    2004-07-01

    We present the results of a bilateral comparison of radionuclide activity measurements between the Radionuclide Metrology Department of the Center of Isotopes of Cuba (CENTIS-DMR), and the Ionising Radiation Metrology Laboratory (LMRI) of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT) of Spain. The aim of the comparison was to establish the comparability of the measurement instruments and methods used to obtain radioactive reference materials of some gamma-emitting nuclides at CENTIS-DMR. The results revealed that there are no statistically significant differences between the data reported by both laboratories. (Author) 7 refs.

  5. Database for the registration of radiological surveillance in radioactive facilities of CIEMAT; Base de datos para el registro de vigilancias radiologicas en las instalaciones radiactivas del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marquez Fernandez, J. L.; Carroza Garcia, J. A.; Perez-Cejuela, P.; Vico Ocon, A.; Alvarez Garcia, A.

    2013-07-01

    In the CIEMAT There are 21 Radiation Facilities in which according to the Radiation Protection Manual must considered radiation hazards and / or contamination. The Radiological Protection Service according to this risk It establishes the classification and marking of areas and a monitoring plan that includes the type and extent of radiological periodicity. The information derived from this monitoring be registered and properly stored. Therefore, it has been completed the design of an application that allows technical experts record their actions and also consult records radiation monitoring tasks performed. (Author)

  6. Integration Between SCORM Learning Objects and the CIEMAT Virtual Elearning Platform; Integracion de Objetos de Aprendizaje SCORM con la Plataforma de Ensenanza Virtual del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailador Ferreras, M. A.; Troiani, S.; Gonzalez Giralda, C.; Llorente Herranz, C.; Marco Arboli, M. L.

    2010-08-06

    New information and communications technologies have made a major contribution in the way of understanding the training needs, which have been involved in the change from the traditional teaching to the use of virtual learning platforms. Thus, Ciemat, has installed a virtual platform for education, in particular MOODLE in which have been installed some virtual contents developed with Flash. The next necessary step has been how to integrate the contents with the MOODLE virtual platform, following the aim to know the assessment for learning tracking of the learners. This document provides the technological facts for the integration of the flash virtual contents and the virtual platform in order to achieve the training process is efficiently evaluated. (Author) 5 refs.

  7. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-04 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Aqueous Solution); Resultados del Ejercicio Interlaboratorios de Radiactividad Ambiental CSN/CIEMAT-04 (Solucion Acuosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Gonzalez, M. L.; Barrera Izquierdo, M.

    2004-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-04 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonised Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. Following the issue of the European Community Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC concerning the quality of water for human consumption, the last inter-comparison exercise was organised by using a water sample, in an attempt to evaluate the performance of the laboratories analysing the required radioactivity parameters (H-3, gross alpha and beta activity and residual beta). The sample (a synthetic drinking water), was prepared at the National Laboratory for Ionising Radiation's Standards (CIEMAT), and contained the following radionuclides ''241 Am, ''239+240 Pu, ''90Sr, ''137 Cs, ''3 H y ''40 K. The results of the exercise were computed for 38 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. Robust statistics of the participant's results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, including suspected outliers. The exercise has revealed and homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the reference values. A raised percentage os satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for gross alpha, gross beta and residual beta: 85, 97 and 87% respectively. The study has shown that participant laboratories perform radioactive determinations in drinking water samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 16 refs.

  8. Implementation of ISO 28218 quality system in the laboratory of body radioactivity counter CIEMAT; Implementacion de la norma ISO 28218 en el sistema de calidad del laboratorio del contador de radiactividad corporal del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Navarro Amaro, J. F.; Perez Lopez, B.; Lopez Ponte, M. A.; Perez Jimenez, C.

    2011-07-01

    The laboratory of body radioactivity counter has implemented IS0 28218 standard Performance Criteria for Radio bioassay in all measured in vivo techniques of internal contamination in the human organism in monitoring programs defined by the Personal Dosimetry Service Internal CIEMAT. The application of this rule in the laboratory's quality system is essential to meet the technical requirements of the standard IS0/IEC 17025 with the purpose of obtaining ENAC accreditation as a testing laboratory and calibration within the framework of the accreditation of Service CIEMAT Radiation Dosimetry. (Author)

  9. TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST liquid scintillation methods applied to the radionuclide metrology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz, Paulo A.L. da; Silva, Carlos J. da; Iwahara, Akira; Loureiro, Jamir S.; Oliveira, Antonio E. de; Tauhata, Luiz, E-mail: palcruz@ird.gov.br [Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Lopes, Ricardo T. [Coordenacao de Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia (PEN/COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear

    2015-07-01

    In this work are presented TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST methods of liquid scintillation implemented in National Institutes of Metrology for activity standardization of radionuclides which decay by beta emission and electron capture. The computer codes to calculate the detection efficiency take into account: decay schemes, beta decay theory, quenching parameter evaluation, Poisson statistic model and Monte Carlo simulation for photon and particle interactions in the detection system. Measurements were performed for {sup 3}H, {sup 14}C, {sup 99}Tc pure beta emitters in a large energy range, and {sup 68}Ge/{sup 68}Ga which decay by electron capture and positron emission, with uncertainties smaller than 1% (k = 1). (author)

  10. TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST Liquid Scintillation Methods applied to the Radionuclide Metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cruz, P. A. L.; da Silva, C. J.; Iwahara, A.; Loureiro, J. S.; De Oliveira, A. E.; Tauhata, L.; Lopes, R. T.

    2016-07-01

    This work presents TDCR and CIEMAT/NIST methods of liquid scintillation implemented in National Institutes of Metrology for activity standardization of radionuclides, which decay by beta emission and electron capture. The computer codes used to calculate the detection efficiency take into account: decay schemes, beta decay theory, quenching parameter evaluation, Poisson statistic model and Monte Carlo simulation for photon and particle interactions in the detection system. Measurements were performed for pure emitters 3H, 14C, 99Tc and for 68Ge/68Ga which decay by electron capture and positron emission, with uncertainties smaller than 1% (k = 1).

  11. Soil characterization and vulnerability indices of the autonomous region of Madrid. Scale 1:200 000; Caracterizacion Edafologica e Indices de Vulnerabilidad de la Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid Escala 1:200.000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, T.; Millan, R.; Lago, C.; Trueba, C. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    Radioactive contamination of the soil due to a nuclear accident is a risk for the population. A research project, within the program of Radiological Protection by Intervention in CIEMAT, has been developed to study the behaviour of radionuclides in soils. An evaluation of the radiological vulnerability considering the external irradiation and the food chain pathway for caesium and strontium has been determined using partial and global indices, which indicate the potential transfer of the radionuclides via the two mentioned pathways. A detailed study of the soils found in the Autonomous Region of Madrid was carried out with data from individual soil profiles and combining data obtained from maps with a Geographic Information System in order to obtain a spatial distribution of the results. The soil vulnerability for the external irradiation pathway of caesium and strontium is in general found to be higher in more developed soils located in the south and leading to the foothills of the Sierra of Madrid in the north. the vulnerability for the food chain pathway is found to be higher in the less developed soils in acid conditions situated in the Sierra of Madrid. (Author) 11 refs.

  12. Participation of CIEMAT in the 29 Annual meeting of the Spanish Nuclear Society. Zaragoza 1,2 y 3 October 2003; Participacion del CIEMAT en la 29 Reunion Anual de la Sociedad Nuclear Espanola

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The book assembles the paper of researches of CIEMAT during the 29th annual meeting of Spanish Nuclear Society. The paper were presented during the following sessions : 1. Nuclear fuel. 2. R and D materials. 3.Operation and maintenance. Lifetime. 4.- R and D and T participation and transmutation.5. Environment. 6. Radioactive wastes and dismantling. 7. Nuclear safety. 8. Nuclear law.

  13. Dosimetry service participation of CIEMAT in intercomparisons 2008-2010 for personal dosimeters EURADOS; Participacion del servicio de dosimetria del CIEMAT en las intercomparaciones EURADOS 2008-2010 para dosimetros personales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Jimenez, R.; Romero Gutierrez, A. M.; Lopez Moyano, J. L.

    2011-07-01

    Individual monitoring of workers exposed to ionizing radiation requires the use of personal dosimeters. EURADOS (European Radiation Dosimetry Group) recently organized three intercomparison exercises External Personal Dosimetry Services (EPDS): two for body dosimeters in 2008 and 2010 and one for extremity dosimeters in the year 2009.El paper shows and analyzes the results obtained by CIEMAT SDPE participation in all exercises.

  14. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-02 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Sea Fish); Resultados del Ejercicio Interlaboratorios de Radiactividad Ambiental CSN/CIEMAT-02 (Fauna Marina)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero gonzalez, M. L.

    2003-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-02 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonized Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. The test sample was a reference materials provided by the IAEA-MEL (IAE Marine Environmental Laboratory, Monaco), a sea fish containing environmental levels of U-238, U-234, K-40, Pb-210, Ra-226, Sr-90, Cs-137, Co-60, Pu-(239+240), Am-241 and Tc-99. The results of the exercise were computed for 32 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. A raised percentage of satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for all the analysis, being the best performance in gamma measurements. The laboratories have made an effort to calculate the combined uncertainty of the radiochemical determinations. Most of the laboratories have demonstrated its competence in performing the study analysis and also the adequate measuring capability of their detection equipment even in conditions close to detection limits. The study has shown the capacity of participant laboratories to perform radioactive determinations in environmental sea fish samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 6 refs.

  15. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-100 Among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Soil); Resultados del Ejercicio Interlaboratorios de Radiactividad Ambiental CSN/CIEMAT-00 (Suelo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Gonzalez, M. L.

    2002-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-00 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. the exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC Harmonized Protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical laboratories. the test sample was a soil containing environmental levels of K-40, Ra-226, Ac-228, Sr-90, Cs-137, Cs-134, Pu (239-240) y Am-241. the Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona prepared the material and reported adequate statistical studies of homogeneity. The results of the exercise were computed for 30 participating laboratories, and their analytical performance was assessed using the u-score approach. A raised percentage of satisfactory laboratory performance has been obtained for all the analysis, being the best performance in gamma measurements. The exercise has drawn that several laboratories have difficulties in the evaluation of combined uncertainty, mainly in analysis involving radiochemical steps. The study has shown an homogeneous inter-laboratory behaviour, and the improvement achieved through subsequent exercises in the quality of the data they are producing. (Author) 10 refs.

  16. The new CIEMAT strategies for learning and knowledge transfer; Las nuevas estrategias para el aprendizaje y la transferencia de conocimiento del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marco Arboli, M.

    2008-07-01

    Educational and training systems are a determining factor in the potential for excellence, innovation and competitiveness in the framework of research as a means to improve know-how, capabilities and skills. In recent years, the EU has supported open and distance education through its innovation, education, training and research programs. The European initiatives promote efficiency by improving quality and occupational training in different sectors and by fostering the use of the information technologies. Having followed the new trends in training and the advantages obtained by using the net in training, the CIEMAT has also taken an interest in improving the learning and knowledge transfer environments through its virtual center. It is a space for developing online educational activities in certain areas, in which the center can be considered as expert, such as all subjects related to energy and environment: renewable, radiological protection, atmospheric contamination, fusion, nuclear power, etc. This virtual space includes a Virtual Classroom and a specialized Thematic Portals, and it aims to be a place of reference for the areas of knowledge related to energy and environment. (Author) 5 refs.

  17. Monte Carlo analysis of the Neutron Standards Laboratory of the CIEMAT; Analisis Monte Carlo del Laboratorio de Patrones Neutronicos del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico); Mendez V, R. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Guzman G, K. A., E-mail: fermineutron@yahoo.com [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Ingenieria Nuclear, C. Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-10-15

    By means of Monte Carlo methods was characterized the neutrons field produced by calibration sources in the Neutron Standards Laboratory of the Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT). The laboratory has two neutron calibration sources: {sup 241}AmBe and {sup 252}Cf which are stored in a water pool and are placed on the calibration bench using controlled systems at distance. To characterize the neutrons field was built a three-dimensional model of the room where it was included the stainless steel bench, the irradiation table and the storage pool. The sources model included double encapsulated of steel, as cladding. With the purpose of determining the effect that produces the presence of the different components of the room, during the characterization the neutrons spectra, the total flow and the rapidity of environmental equivalent dose to 100 cm of the source were considered. The presence of the walls, floor and ceiling of the room is causing the most modification in the spectra and the integral values of the flow and the rapidity of environmental equivalent dose. (Author)

  18. GUMNET - A new long-term monitoring initiative in the Guadarrama Mountains, Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rath, Volker; Fidel González Rouco, J.; Yagüe Anguis, Carlos

    2014-05-01

    We are announcing a new monitoring network in the Guadarrama Mountains north of Madrid, which is planned to be operational in early 2015. This network integrates atmospheric measurements as well as subsurface observations. It aims at improving the characterization of atmosphere-ground interactions in mountainous terrain, the hydrometeorology of the region, climatic change, and related research lines. It will also provide the meteorological and climate data which form the necessary background information for biological, agricultural and hydrological investigations in this area. Currently, the initiative is supported by research groups from the Complutense and Polytechnical Universities of Madrid (UCM and UPM), the Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), the Spanish National Meteorological Agency (AEMET), and finally the Parque Nacional de la Sierra de Guadarrama (PNSG). This infrastructure forms part of the Campus of Excellence Moncloa, and is supposed to become a focus of local as well as of international research. However, it is not associated with a particular project: data will in principle be available to the scientific and public communities. Also, the integration of new instruments (long or short term) will be welcome. The starting setup is as following: A group of WMO-compatible meteorological station in the central area of the massif will be installed, which include also a subsurface component of boreholes (≡20 m depth), where temperature and moisture will be measured. This core group is complemented by a reference site near El Escorial (including a fixed and a mobile tower for micrometeorological investigations). This setup is embedded in a network of meteorological stations run partly by AEMET and partly by the PNSG, which will provide the information necessary for the characterization of regional meteorology and climate. Finally, part of the data will be made available quasi-online on a central web server in

  19. Bloque de viviendas, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz Monasterio, M.

    1957-11-01

    Full Text Available En el nuevo barrio madrileño surgido en las inmediaciones de la prolongación de la Castellana se eleva este bloque de viviendas, frente al fondo sur del Estadio del Real Madrid, obra proyectada por el mismo arquitecto y con cuyas torres armoniza el bloque alto que preside su composición de volumen.

  20. Recent progress in thin-film-silicon photovoltaic devices at CIEMAT; Recientes progresos en la tecnologia de dispositivos fotovoltaicos de silicio en lamina delgada en el CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gandia, J. J.; Carabe, J.

    2011-07-01

    Solar photovoltaic energy has evolved in the last 50 years on the basis of the co-existence of two fundamental technological paths: that of wafer-based silicon, dominating the market, and that of thin films, representing an important part of the options for the future of this energy-conversion field. More recently new concepts have gained significance, such as concentration photovoltaic (CPV), dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSC), organic cells, silicon-heterojunction (SHJ) cells and thin-crystalline silicon devices among others. over 90% of all these PV technologies are based on the use of either of the forms of the most abundant element of the earth crust: silicon. CIEMAT, being aware of the relevant role renewable energies and post-vocalic in particular must play in dinging solutions to the energy and environmental problem, has several action lines within this discipline. Among them is the one developed at the laboratory for Deposited-silicon Devices (DSD), entirely devoted to acquiring by own means the technology required for the fabrication of thin-film-silicon-based PV devices in order to be in conditions to give a maximum support to the Spanish industry in this field. Within the context of the historic evolution of PV technology in the world, this paper describes the progress of the DSD lab in the last years, according to a plan aimed at developing technology of the maximum strategic value. such a working scheme, supported by valuable collaborations, has led the group to a reference position in the areas of thin-film-silicon p-i-n devices on glass, silicon-heterojunction cells and p-i-n devices on flexible substrates. (Author) 5 refs.

  1. CIEMAT participation in the VI National Plan of Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008-2012; Participacion del CIEMAT en el VI Plan Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica, Desarrollo e Innovacion Tecnologica 2008-2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez, M. T.; Puertas, M. I.

    2014-02-01

    The participation of CIEMAT in the VI National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008-2011, that was extended by decision of the Council of Ministers until December 2012, is presented. In the first part of the report presents a complete information about the structure of the Plan, the various Instrumental Lines of Action and subsequent calls for National Programs, that have taken place throughout the development of the Plan since its beginning in 2008 until its closure gives in December 2012. The second part of the report includes the description and analysis of the participation of CIEMAT in the calls of the various National Programs, and the contribution of each of the Departments in the number of projects awarded and the funding obtained. The Total number of funded projects was 292, which meant funding amounting to 101, 5 M Euros. (Author)

  2. Quality Control Procedures Applied to the CMS Muon Chambers Built at CIEMAT; Procedimientos de Control de Calildad de las Camaras de Muones del Experimento CMS Construidas en el CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fouz, M. C.; Puerta Pelayo, J.

    2004-07-01

    In this document the quality control procedures applied to the CMS muon drift chmabers built at CIEMAT are described. It includes a description of the high voltage and front electronics associated to the chambers. Every procedure is described with detail and a list of the more common problems and possible solutions is given. This document can be considered as a chambert test handbook for beginners. (Author) 3 refs.

  3. Characterization of the Plasma Edge for Technique of Atomic Helium Beam in the CIEMAT Fusion Device; Caracterizacion del Borde del Plasma del Dispositivo de Fusion TJ-II del CIEMAT mediante el Diagnostico del Haz Supersonico de Helio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hidalgo, A.

    2003-07-01

    In this report, the measurement of Electron Temperature and Density in the Boundary Plasma of TJ-II with a Supersonic Helium Beam Diagnostic and work devoted to the upgrading of this technique are described. Also, simulations of Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) studies of level populations of electronically excited He atoms are shown. This last technique is now being installed in the CIEMAT fusion device. (Author ) 36 refs.

  4. CIEMAT Interlaboratories Comparison of the Results obtained in the Proficiency Test Run by IAEA; Comparacion Interlaboratorios del CIEMAT de los Resultados Obtenidos en la Prueba de Capacitacion de Analisis de Transuranicos en Cenizas propocionadas por el OIEA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasco, C.; Anton, M. P.; Alvarez, A.; Navarro, N.; Meral, J.; Gonzalez, A.; Higueras Lafaja, E. [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    This report contains the results obtained by two different laboratories from CIEMAT after participating in the Proficiency Test organised by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) in 1999. This test involves the analysis of fly ashes containing natural radionuclides and different amounts of added transuranics. The extraction techniques, counting methods and results obtained are detailed. This type of test are used for the labs to achieve their accreditation and check the reliability of the procedures routinely employed. (Author) 4 refs.

  5. CIEMAT EXTERNAL DOSIMETRY SERVICE: ISO/IEC 17025 ACCREDITATION AND 3 Y OF OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE AS AN ACCREDITED LABORATORY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, A M; Rodríguez, R; López, J L; Martín, R; Benavente, J F

    2016-09-01

    In 2008, the CIEMAT Radiation Dosimetry Service decided to implement a quality management system, in accordance with established requirements, in order to achieve ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation. Although the Service comprises the approved individual monitoring services of both external and internal radiation, this paper is specific to the actions taken by the External Dosimetry Service, including personal and environmental dosimetry laboratories, to gain accreditation and the reflections of 3 y of operational experience as an accredited laboratory.

  6. Fichas descriptivas de bibliotecas localizadas en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    1985-01-01

    [EN] Sheets on some libraries located in Madrid. These sheets are part of the section "Documentation Centres" in the journal "ALFOZ. Madrid, Territorio, Economia y Sociedad" and were published between 1985 and 1987. The libraries described are: - Biblioteca Municipal - Biblioteca de la Cámara de Comercio e Industria de Madrid - Biblioteca y Centro de Documentación del Instituto de Estudios de la Administración Central (IEAL) - Biblioteca del Instituto Nacional de Estadística - ...

  7. Profiles of Information Consumption and Production of CIEMAT Researches within the Period 2005-2007; Perfiles de Consumo y Produccion de Informacion de los Investigadores del CIEMAT durante el Periodo 2005-2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanz, C.

    2010-03-03

    Given the importance of scientific and technological evaluation in the current international scene, the goal is to show CIEMAT researchers' profiles on information consumption and production through different biblio metric indicators, mainly quantitative. Taking further steps based on this data, margins of coincidence on both patterns will be carefully checked not only from a group perspective but also on an individual scale, in the most widely used scientific journals. This analysis shall reveal the information needs of researchers for the future design of documentary strategies. (Author) 21 refs.

  8. Liquid scintillation counting standardization of 125I in organic and inorganic samples by the CIEMAT/NIST method; Calibracion por centelleo liquido del 125I en muestras inorganicas y organicas, mediante el metodo CIEMAT/NIST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Barquero, L.; Grau Malonda, A.; Los Arcos Merino, J. M.; Grau Carles, A.

    1994-07-01

    The liquid scintillation counting standardization of organic and inorganic samples of ''I25I by the CIEMAT/NIST method using five different scintillators is described. The discrepancies between experimental and computed efficiencies are lower than 1.4% and 1.7%, for inorganic and organic samples, respectively, in the interval 421-226 of quenching parameter. Both organic and inorganic solutions have been standardized in terms of activity concentration to an overall uncertainty of 0.76%. (Author) 14 refs.

  9. Characterization of the storage pool of the Neutron Standards Laboratory of CIEMAT, using Monte Carlo techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campo B, X.; Mendez V, R.; Embid S, M. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98060 Zacatecas (Mexico); Sanz G, J., E-mail: xandra.campo@ciemat.es [Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, C. Juan del Rosal 12, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-08-15

    Neutron Standards Laboratory of CIEMAT in Spain is a brand new irradiation facility, with {sup 241}Am-Be (185 GBq) and {sup 252}Cf (5 GBq) calibrated neutron sources which are stored in a water pool with a concrete cover. From this storage place an automated system is able to take the selected source and place it in the irradiation position, 4 m over the ground level and in the geometrical center of the Irradiation Room with 9 m (length) x 7.5 m (width) x 8 m (height). For calibration or irradiation purposes, detectors or materials can be placed on a bench but it is possible to use the pool (1.0 m x 1.5 m and more than 1.0 m depth) for long time irradiations in thermal neutron fields. For this reason it is essential to characterize the pool itself in terms of neutron spectrum. In this document, the main features of this facility are presented and the characterization of the storage pool in terms of neutron fluence rate and neutron spectrum has been carried out using simulations with MCNPX-2.7.e code. The MCNPX-2.7.e model has been validated using experimental measurements outside the pool (Bert hold LB6411). Inside the pool, the fluence rate decreases and the spectra is thermalized with the distance to the {sup 252}Cf source. This source predominates and the effect of the {sup 241}Am-Be source in these magnitudes is not shown until positions closer than 20 cm from it. (author)

  10. CIEMAT Contribution to the PHEBEN-2 Project: Interpretation of the PHEBUS-FPT1. Experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.; Pra, C. l. del; Rincon, A. M.

    2003-07-01

    This report summarises the CIEMAT contribution to the analysis of the FPT1 test of the PHEBUS-FP Project. The work carried out has been focussed on containment phenomena. the thermal hydraulic evolution and the aerosol behaviour has been simulated with CONTAIN 2.0 code, whereas the iodine chemistry has been modelled with IODE 4.2. In both cases a number of hypotheses and approximations have been adopted. The FPT1 experiment investigated core degradation and release, transport and behaviour of fission products and aerosols under the anticipated conditions for a low pressure accident sequence with a pipe break at the cold leg. The containment scenario was essentially characterised by a condensing and unsaturated atmosphere in contact with an acidic sump. CONTAIN 2.0 has provided an accurate picture of the thermo-hydraulic and aerosol behaviour, whereas IODE 4.2, although succeeded in predicting the overall iodine mass distribution, but it has been unable to capture the gaseous iodine evolution during the experiment. Steam input and condensation determined the thermal conditions of the vessel and made around 30% of particulate mass deplete onto condensing structures. Most of iodine was trapped by silver from the control rods and formed AgI in the sump. the deviations of predictions regarding gaseous iodine point out the need of further development of organics-iodine interaction models. Finally, it should be underlined that the simulation has shed light on experimental aspects as well. The measured steam input history should have been slightly different from the one specified in the final report: a new profile has been proposed. The samplings of airborne caesium (rather different from the {gamma}-spectrometry data) are the most reliable measurements. (Author) 10 refs.

  11. AstroMadrid: Astrophysics and technological developments in Comunidad de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mas-Hesse, J. M.

    2011-11-01

    AstroMadrid is a network constituted by different research groups in the Comunidad de Madrid area, with the objective of coordinating the activities related to the development of astronomical instrumentation in the various centres. AstroMadrid is a multidisciplinar team which benefits from the synergies provided by the different participating groups, optimizing our capabilities to develop instrumentation, and minimizing the problems related to the geographical dispersion within our region. AstroMadrid is also participated by several aerospace industries, which complement the capabilities and facilities available in the research centres. In addition to optimizing the development of instrumentation, AstroMadrid plays an essential role in the formation of new engineers and scientists, by actively contributing to some Master degree courses organized by different Universities in Madrid.

  12. Edificio de oficinas, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbero Rebolledo, M.

    1966-11-01

    Full Text Available This office building was designed according to a module of 1.60 X 1.60 m, to allow for maximum flexibility in its distribution and optimum adaptation to possible future changes in the internal organisation. The structure is metallic; the external walls are in brick or glass, depending on the zone, and both the internal and external treatment have been wisely chosen in order to follow the two basic principles of functionality and comfort. This building, besides containing the main offices of the Spanish Society of Touring Cars in Madrid, also provides room for a lecture hall, an automobile exhibition hall and a department of electronic computing.Este edificio para oficinas fue proyectado según un módulo de 1,60 x 1,60 m, de tal manera que admitiese la máxima flexibilidad en su distribución y se adaptase a todos los cambios de organización que pudieran presentarse en el futuro. La estructura es metálica; los cerramientos, de ladrillo visto y cristal, según conviene a cada zona; y en su composición y tratamientos exterior e interior se han aunado sabiamente los dos principios básicos de representatividad y confort exigidos. Además de alojar las oficinas centrales de la Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo en Madrid, como elementos singulares dispone de: salón de actos, exposición de automóviles y servicio de ordenador electrónico.

  13. Report on Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Laboratory Tests Performed by CIEMAT on Febex Bentonite 2004-2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villar, M. V.; Gomez-Espina, R.

    2009-11-25

    The results of the laboratory studies performed by CIEMAT with the FEBEX bentonite in the context of WP3.2 of the NF-PRO Project and of the Agreement ENRESA-CIEMAT Anexo V are presented and analysed in this report. They refer to the effect of the hydraulic gradient on the permeability of bentonite, the effect of the thermal gradient on the hydration kinetics of bentonite, and the repercussion of temperature on the hydro-mechanical properties of bentonite (swelling, permeability and water retention capacity). In all the cases the bentonite has been used compacted to densities expected in the engineered barrier of a high-level radioactive waste repository. The existence of threshold and critical hydraulic gradients has been observed, both of them dependent on bentonite density and water pressures. After more than seven years of hydration, the 40-cm high bentonite columns are far from full saturation, the thermal gradient additionally delaying the process, which is very slow. Temperatures below 100 degree centigrade slightly decrease the swelling and the water retention capacity of the bentonite and increase its permeability. The information obtained improves the knowledge on the behaviour of expansive clay and will help the development of constitutive models and the interpretation of the results obtained in the mock-up and the in situ tests. (Author) 35 refs.

  14. Wind energy resource assessment in Madrid region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Migoya, Emilio; Crespo, Antonio; Jimenez, Angel; Garcia, Javier; Manuel, Fernando [Laboratorio de Mecanica de Fluidos, Departamento de Ingenieria Energetica y Fluidomecanica, Escuela Tecnica Superior Ingenieros Industriales (ETSII), Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal, 2-28006, Madrid (Spain)

    2007-07-15

    The Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid (Autonomous Community of Madrid, in the following Madrid Region), is a region located at the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula. Its area is 8.028 km{sup 2}, and its population about five million people. The Department of Economy and Technological Innovation of the Madrid Region, together with some organizations dealing on energy saving and other research institutions have elaborated an Energy Plan for the 2004-12 period. As a part of this work, the Fluid Mechanics Laboratory of the Superior Technical School of Industrial Engineers of the Polytechnic University of Madrid has carried out the assessment of the wind energy resources [Crespo A, Migoya E, Gomez Elvira R. La energia eolica en Madrid. Potencialidad y prospectiva. Plan energetico de la Comunidad de Madrid, 2004-2012. Madrid: Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid; 2004]; using for this task the WAsP program (Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program), and the own codes, UPMORO (code to study orography effects) and UPMPARK (code to study wake effects in wind parks). Different kinds of data have been collected about climate, topography, roughness of the land, environmentally protected areas, town and village distribution, population density, main facilities and electric power supply. The Spanish National Meteorological Institute has nine wind measurement stations in the region, but only four of them have good and reliable temporary wind data, with time measurement periods that are long enough to provide representative correlations among stations. The Observed Wind Climates of the valid meteorological stations have been made. The Wind Atlas and the resource grid have been calculated, especially in the high wind resource areas, selecting appropriate measurements stations and using criteria based on proximity, similarity and ruggedness index. Some areas cannot be used as a wind energy resource mainly because they have environmental regulation or, in some cases, are very close

  15. [Hospitals and surgeons: Madrid 1940].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Quevedo, Francisco Vázquez

    2007-01-01

    The history of the hospitals and general surgeons that best represent the centres in Madrid are here in reviewed, comprising the period between 1940 and the closure of the Hospital Clinico (1957) as well as the Hospital General (General Hospital) (1967), both in Atocha. Other hospitals which are reviewed and highlighted are: the H. de la Princesa (the Princess Hospital), the H. del Nifio Jesus (Hospital of the Child Jesus), the H. Militar (Military Hospital) and the Cruz Roja (Red Cross). Data is provided on the permanent surgeons in the following centres: H. General: J. Goyanes, J. Die, J. de la Villa, T. Rodriguez, E. Diaz, G. Bueno e H. Huerta; H. Clinico: L. de la Peña, L. Cardenal, L. Olivares, R. Argüelles, J. Estella y M. F. Zumel; H. Militar: M. G. Ulla, M. Bastos, M. G. Durán, J. S. Galindo, y A. G. Durán; Hospital de la Cruz Roja: V. M. Noguera, L. Serrada, F. Luque y L. L. Durán; H. de la Princesa: P. Cifuentes, P. G. Duarte, L. Estella y R. Aiguabella; H. del Niño Jesús: J. Garrido Lestache; H. Clinico, last time, Atocha: F. M. Lagos, R. Vara y A. de la Fuente.

  16. Preparation and LSC Standardization of ''89Sr (DNP) Using the CIEMAT/NIST Method; Preparacion del ''89Sr(DNP) y calibracion por centelleo liquido, mediante el metodo CIEMAT/NIST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Barquero, L.; Los Arcos Merino, J. M.; Grau Malonda, A.

    1994-07-01

    A procedure for preparation of liquid scintillation counting samples of the strontium DNP complex, labelled with ''89Sr, is described, the chemical quench, the counting stability and spectral evolution of this compound is studied in six scintillators, Toluene, Toluene-alcohol, Dioxane-naphthalene, HiSafe II, Ultima- Gold and Instagel. The liquid scintillation standardization of 89Sr-DNP by the CIEMAT/NIST method, using HiSafe II and Ultima-Gold scintillators, has been carried out. The discrepancies between experimental and computed efficiencies are lower than 0.38% and 0.48%, respectively. The solution has been standardized in terms of activity concentration to an overall uncertainty of 0,38%. (Author) 10 refs.

  17. Progress report 1998 - 2000; Rapport d'activite 1998 - 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This document reviews all the activities of the CSNSM (nuclear spectrometry and mass spectrometry center). The activities, developments and particular hits or results are presented within 10 themes: 1) nuclear structure, 2) induced fission and exotic nuclei, 3) atomic mass and basic symmetries, 4) nuclear astrophysics, 5) micro-meteorites, 6) mass spectrometry through an accelerator, 7) solid state physics, 8) superconductivity, 9) physical chemistry aspects of irradiation, and 10) electromagnetic separation of ions.

  18. MX-80 Bentonite. thermal-Hydro-Mechanical Characterisation Performed at CIEMAT in the Context of the Prototype Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villar, M. V.

    2005-07-01

    This document details the results of the thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) characterisation of the commercial MX-80 bentonite performed by CIEMAT from 2001 to 2004 in the context of a project carried out at the AEspoe Hard Rock Laboratory (Sweden), the Prototype Repository. The swelling pressure and the permeability of the bentonite compacted to different dry densities has been determined, as well as the influence of the permeant salinity on hydraulic conductivity. The influence of salinity on the retention capacity of the compacted bentonite has been studied. For that, a new methodology has been designed. Water retention curves have been determined at temperatures of 20 and 60oC. Suction controlled odometer tests have been performed at 20oC. Finally, the behaviour of the MX-80 bentonite has been compared to that of the Spanish FEBEX bentonite. (Author) 13 refs.

  19. Ciemat Contribution to The International Standard Problem ISP-34: Contain Analysis of Fal-ISP 1 Test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herranz, L. E.; Polo, J.

    1994-07-01

    CIEMAT, along with a great number of international laboratories, has participated in the open exercise of the first International Standard Problem addressing fission product transport issues. The FAL-ISP 1, aimed to study particle agglomeration, has been simulated with CONTAIN code. The therma hydraulic results obtained have been satisfactory and aerosol ones have been reasonably accurate. However, some discrepancies appeared between predictions and experimental data; these are essentially related to the injection phase of the experiment, where the major influence of input approximations took place. In addition, the rationalization of discrepancies pointed potential data inconsistencies. Some parametric studies showed the results sensitivity to input assumptions concerning aerosol characterization and default values in CONTAIN; in general, they confirmed the suitability of most of the approximations taken. (Author) 11 refs.

  20. SiGesDoC: The CIEMAT corporate document and records management system. A tool for managing, saving and disseminating knowledge; SiGesDoC: El sistema de gestion documental corporativa del CIEMAT. Una herramienta para la gestion, preservacion y difusion del conocimiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin Santamaria, E.; Gonzalez Giralda, C.; Bustelo, C.; Gorostiza, C.

    2008-07-01

    The need to manage, save and disseminate technical scientific knowledge as part of the technology transfer process requires the implementation of Corporate Document and Records Management Systems that support a cultural change in the management of documentation generated in organizations as a result of their research work. In the CIEMAT, most knowledge is developed in R and D projects led by scientists and technologists and managed by the research support personnel and, therefore, it is very important to efficiently manage and control the life cycles of these projects. This article describes the implementation of a corporate document and records management system in the CIEMAT. (Author)

  1. Ciudad Mercado, infraestructura en red. Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Carruthers, Luz María

    2016-01-01

    Los mercados de abastos de Madrid atraviesan uno profunda crisis que conlleva su decadencia arquitectónica. Si bien han sido una pieza el clave en la construcción social y urbana de Madrid. no son considerados una infraestructura, lo cual repercute en el tipo y calidad de intervenciones a los que se los somete. Recuperar su condición infraestructura, supone pensar en los mercados como red, enfocándose en las interacciones que plantean con el entorno a múltiples escalas. Éstas, pueden deber...

  2. Un sistema de saneamiento para Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-01-01

    The Full Sanitation Plan for Madrid is the final action of a series undertaken for several years with the purpose to reach the completion of the sanitation system of the town. With the whole of these actions it could be said that the basic substructure has acquired enough level to deserve de real needs of the town.El Plan de Saneamiento Integral de Madrid representaba la culminación de una serie de acciones emprendidas, durante varios años, para conseguir que la ciudad completase su sistema d...

  3. Inmigrantes extranjeros y vivienda marginal en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    1993-01-01

    Madrid, la comunidad receptora de inmigrantes extranjeros más importante de España, tiene ya planteado un serio problema de integración con la población procedente de países del Tercer Mundo y Portugal. «Los inmigrantes de los países débiles están ampliando la base de la pobreza en Madrid. En su mayoría, ios extranjeros del Tercer Mundo están formando parte de los estratos pobres y marginados de la ciudad» (GIMÉNEZ, C. 1992).

  4. La huelga de 1917 en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Hernández Chinarro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available We found a huge number of studies on the various aspects that came together in Spain 1917 (crisis of the Restoration, Juntas, Parliamentary Assembly, etc., but it is unlikely, that historians have not delved into the events during that year in Madrid, namely, General Strike. Social tension Spain who lived in the early twentieth century, erupted in the summer of 1917 when for the first time in history was summoned indefinite strike, whose objectives were no longer working type but political. This article analyzes the roots, development and consequences of the strike during the events between 13 and 18 August 1917 in Madrid.

  5. GuMNet - A high altitude monitoring network in the Sierra de Guadarrama (Madrid, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santolaria-Canales, Edmundo

    2016-04-01

    of meteorological stations of the Spanish National Meteorological Agency(AEMET), mostly distributed in the lower latitude range. This initiative is supported and developed by research groups integrating the GuMNet Consortium from the Complutense and Polytechnical Universities of Madrid (UCM and UPM), the Energetic Environmental and Technological Research Centre (CIEMAT), AEMET, and the National Park Sierra de Guadarrama (PNSG) which provided the initial foundations of this network. GuMNet will be operational in 2016. Web: http://www.ucm.es/gumnet/ Contact: edmundo.santolaria@ucm.es

  6. Palinocam Network: airborne pollen vigilance in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Cervigón Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Asthma Regional Programme started to give up in 1992 with four big areas. Palinocam network project was first set up in Madrid as a part of Asthma Regional Programme, comprised in a wider Environmental Subprogram: Palynological Network of Madrid Region (PALINOCAM NETWORK.Palynological network is a multidisciplinary organization which has been working since 1993. In that moment an Experts Committee was created with This Experts Committee is coordinated by the Public Health Institute, under the technical Direction of Faculty of Pharmacy and is integrated by all of the involved institutions. This juridical framework is completed with individual agreements signed between the Councils and the Public Health Department, and with a Collaboration Agreement signed with the Madrid ́s Complutense University Faculty of Pharmacy.This network main aim is to watch for aerobiological content in Madrid's air, for a best knowledge of patients expositions in each geographical area in en different moment. This information has a great interest for Public Health.Palinocam Network is a useful tool in Public Health for offering information of aerobiological levels by Internet and Telephonic Service yearly .In this way allergic patients, sanitarians and media can know the most frequent pollen types in each season and its airborne level.

  7. Proposed New Madrid NWR Contaminant Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The area studied in this report is near New Madrid in southeast Missouri. This area consists of the St. John's Bayou, 8,500 acres and Eagle's Nest area, 3,500 acres....

  8. Colegio Alemán Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scmoebel, Willi

    1962-09-01

    Full Text Available El edificio del Colegio Alemán en Madrid es un Centro docente cuidadosamente proyectado y construido con especial cariño, circunstancias estas que han permitido un logro perfecto y son la causa de que podamos catalogarlo como ejemplar en su género.

  9. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-2008 among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Phosphogypsum); Evaluacion de la Intercomparacion CSN/CIEMAT-2008 entre Laboratorios Nacionales de Radiactividad Ambiental (Fosfoyeso)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, M. L.; Barrera, M.; Valino, F.

    2010-05-27

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-2008 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the ISO/IUPAC/AOAC. Aphosphogypsum material was used as a test sample, in an attempt to evaluate the performance of the laboratories analyzing NORM (Naturally-Occurring Radioactive Materials). The analysis required were: U-238, Th-234, U-234, Th-230, Ra-226, Pb-214, Bi-214, Pb-210, Po-210, Th-232 and U-235, and also gross alpha and gross beta activities. Reference values have been established according to the method of consensus of expert laboratories, with four international laboratories of credited experience: IAEA Seibersdorf, IAEA MEL, IRSN-Orsay and Sta.Teresa ENEA. The results of the exercise were computed for 34 answering laboratories and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score. Robust statistics of the participants results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, to achieve a more complete and objective study of the laboratories performance. The exercise has shown an homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the assigned Reference Values. Participant laboratories have demonstrated their ability to determine natural radionuclides in phosphogypsum samples (NORM material) with a satisfactory quality level. The scheme has also allowed examining the capability of laboratories to determine the activities of natural radionuclides at the equilibrium. (Author) 10 refs.

  10. Coordinated Use of Heterogeneous Infrastructures for Scientific Computing at CIEMAT by means of Grid Technologies; Aprovechamiento Coordinado de las Infraestructuras Heterogeneas para Calculo Cientifico Participadas por el CIEMAT por medio de Tecnologias Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubio-Montero, A. J.

    2008-08-06

    Usually, research data centres maintain platforms from a wide range of architectures to cover the computational needs of their scientists. These centres are also frequently involved in diverse national and international Grid projects. Besides, it is very difficult to achieve a complete and efficient utilization of these recourses, due to the heterogeneity in their hardware and software configurations and their unequal use along the time. This report offers a solution to the problem of enabling a simultaneous and coordinated access to the variety of computing infrastructures and platforms available in great Research Organisms such as CIEMAT. For this purpose, new Grid technologies have been deployed in order to facilitate a common interface which enables the final user to access the internal and external resources. The previous computing infrastructure has not been modified and the independence on its administration has been guaranteed. For a sake of comparison, a feasibility study has been performed with the execution of the Drift Kinetic Equation solver (Dikes) tool, a high throughput scientific application used in the TJ-II Flexible Heliac at National Fusion Laboratory. (Author) 35 refs.

  11. Casas y jardines nobles de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    1981-01-01

    Cuando en 1787 el viajero inglés William Beckford visita en Madrid a la duquesa de Berwick, elogia su palacio el «más espléndido de Madrid :.., del más puro estilo parisino moderno» (1). Al margen de lo desacertado de la filiación estilística de la arquitectura del palacio, más vinculado a nuestro juicio a prototipos italianos, Beckford, quería referirse especialmente al carácter exento del edificio y al «espacioso patio de entrada», sobre el que en el siglo xix surgiría la pradera y árboles ...

  12. Un sistema de saneamiento para Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available The Full Sanitation Plan for Madrid is the final action of a series undertaken for several years with the purpose to reach the completion of the sanitation system of the town. With the whole of these actions it could be said that the basic substructure has acquired enough level to deserve de real needs of the town.El Plan de Saneamiento Integral de Madrid representaba la culminación de una serie de acciones emprendidas, durante varios años, para conseguir que la ciudad completase su sistema de saneamiento. Con este conjunto de acciones comprendidas en el Plan puede decirse que esta infraestructura básica ha adquirido un nivel suficiente, capaz de prestar un servicio acorde con las auténticas necesidades de la Villa.

  13. Results Assessment of Intercomparison Exercise CSN/CIEMAT-2010 among Spanish National Laboratories of Environmental Radioactivity (Diet Ashes); Evaluacion de la Intercomparacion CSN/CIEMAT-2010 entre los Laboratorios Nacionales de Radiactividad Ambiental (Ceniza de Dieta)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasco, C.; Trinidad, J. A.; Llaurado, M.; Suarez, J. A.

    2012-06-08

    This report describes the results assessment of the intercomparison exercise among environmental radioactivity laboratories, organised by Spanish Regulatory Institution (CSN) and prepared and evaluated by UAB and CIEMAT respectively. The exercise has been carried out following the international standards ISO-43 and ISO/IUPAC that provide a useful guide to perform proficiency tests and inter-laboratories comparisons. The selected matrix for this year (2010) was a diet ash obtained from the ashing of a whole fresh diet (breakfast, lunch and dinner), that was enriched with artificial radionuclides (Cs-137, Co-60,Fe-55,Ni-63,Sr-90,Am-241,Pu-238,Pu-239,240 y C-14) and contained natural radionuclides (U-234, U-238, U-natural Th-230, Th-234, Ra-226, Ra-228, Pb-210, Pb-212, Pb-214, Bi-214, Ac-228, Tl-208, K-40) at environmental level of activity concentration. The z-score test was applied to determine how much the laboratories differ from the reference value. The reference value for this exercise was the median of the results from the different laboratories and their standard deviations to achieve a more complete and objective study of the laboratories performance. The participant laboratories have demonstrated a satisfactory quality level for measuring the natural and artificial radionuclides content in this matrix. The reference values obtained through the medians show a negative bias for Pb-210 and Th-234 when comparing to the given values of external qualified laboratories from ENEA and IRSN and positive one for K-40. (Author)

  14. Results of the Interlaboratory Exercise CNS/CIEMAT-05 among Environmental Radioactivity Laboratories (Vegetable Ash); Evaluacion de la Intercomparacion CSN/CIEMAT-2005 entre Laboratorios Nacionales Radiactividad Ambiental (Ceniza Vegetal)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Gonzalez, M. L.; Barrera Izquierdo, M.; Valino Garcia, F.

    2006-07-01

    The document describes the outcome of the CSN/CIEMAT-05 interlaboratory test comparison among environmental radioactivity laboratories. The exercise was organised according to the ISO-43 and the IUPAC {sup I}nternational harmonised protocol for the proficiency testing of analytical chemistry laboratories{sup .} The exercise has been designed to evaluate the capability of national laboratories to determine environmental levels of radionuclides in vegetable ash samples. The sample has been prepared by the Environmental Radiation Laboratory, from the University of Barcelona, and it contains the following radionuclides: Sr-90, Pu-238, Am-241, Th-230, Pb-210, U-238, Ra-226, K-40, Ra-228, TI-208, Cs- 137 and Co-60. Reference values have been established TROUGH the kind collaboration of three international laboratories of recognized experience: IAEA MEL and IRSN-Orsay. The results of the exercise were computed for 35 participating laboratories and their analytical performance was assessed using the z-score approach. Robust statistics of the participant's results was applied to obtain the median and standard deviation, to achieve a more complete and objetiva study of the laboratories' performance. Some difficulties encountered to dissolve the test sample caused a lower response of analyses involving radiochemical separation, thus some laboratories couldn't apply their routine methods and no conclusions on PU-238, Am-241 and Th-230 performances have been obtained. The exercise has revealed an homogeneous behaviour of laboratories, being statistical parameters from the results close to the reference values. The study has shown that participant laboratories perform radioactive determinations in vegetable ash samples with satisfactory quality levels. (Author) 6 refs.

  15. Behaviour of M X-80 Bentonite at Unsaturated Conditions and under Thermo-Hydraulic Gradient - Work Performed by CIEMAT in the Context of the TB T Project - Behaviour of M X-80 Bentonite at Unsaturated Conditions and under Thermo-Hydraulic Gradient - Work Performed by CIEMAT in the Context of the TB T Project -

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villar, M.V.; Gomez-Espina, R.; Martin, P.L.

    2006-07-01

    This document reports the thermo-hydro-mechanical characterisation of the MX-80 bentonite performed at CIEMAT between 2004 and 2006 in the context of the Agreement CIEMAT/CIMNE 04/113. This Agreement took place in the framework of the Temperature Buffer Test (TBT) Project, Whose experimental part is going on at the underground research laboratory of Aspo (Sweden) and in which the MX-80 bentonite is used as sealing material in a large scale test. A methodology has been developed for the determination of retention curves at high temperature, what has allowed checking the decrease of the retention capacity of the bentonite with temperature. Infiltration and infiltration/heating tests have been carried out, some of them with simultaneous measurement of temperature and relative humidity. (Author) 9 refs.

  16. Estacionamientos subterráneos, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Saiz, J. M.

    1969-02-01

    Full Text Available Work on five underground parking sites in Madrid was initiated in September 1967. These parking sites were rented by the Madrid Town Council to the firm Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. The engineering, design, and traffic and construction planning of these parking sites was allocated to Viales y Estacionamientos, S. A., whilst the actual construction was carried out by the firm Huarte y Cía., S. A. The five parking sites were located at the Paseo Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca, Plaza Mayor, Plaza de las Cortes and at Calle de Fuencarral, all within the centre of Madrid. These projects are of special interest, since each design represents an advance with respect to the earlier ones in regard to their structural and functional arrangements, with a view to achieving easier construction and less interference with road and pedestrian traffic. In the present article a description is given of each the five parking sites, following the sequence of their construction, which corresponds to the order in which they were design and planned.En septiembre de 1967 comenzaron las obras de cinco estacionamientos subterráneos en Madrid, adjudicadas por el Ayuntamiento en régimen de concesión a Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. Los trabajos de ingeniería de tráfico, proyecto y control fueron encomendados a Viales y Estacionamientos, Sociedad Anteima (VIESA, y la ejecución de las obras se contrató con Huarte y Cía., S. A. Las ubicaciones de los estacionamientos cuya realización se comenta en este artículo son: Paseo de Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca - Plaza Mayor - Plaza de las Cortes - Calle de Fuencarral. Nos parece muy interesante exponer estas realizaciones, en las que se ve una clara evolución en su esquema estructural y la relación de éste con el esquema funcional, para lograr una mayor facilidad en la ejecución de las obras, junto con una interferencia mínima en superficie con los tráficos rodado y de

  17. Summary report of MINSIS workshop in Madrid

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso, Rodrigo; Blennow, Mattias; Coloma, Pilar; de Gouvea, Andre; Fernandez-Martinez, Enrique; Gavela, Belen; Gonzalez-Garcia, Concha; Hortner, Sergio; Laveder, Marco; Li, Tracey; Lopez-Pavon, Jacobo; Maltoni, Michele; Mena, Olga; Migliozzi, Pasquale; Ota, Toshihiko; Ruiz, Sergio Palomares; Para, Adam; Parke, Stephen J; Rius, Nuria; Schwetz-Mangold, Thomas; Soler, F J P; Sorel, Michel; Yasuda, Osamu; Winter, Walter

    2010-01-01

    Recent developments on tau detection technologies and the construction of high intensity neutrino beams open the possibility of a high precision search for non-standard {\\mu} - {\\tau} flavour transition with neutrinos at short distances. The MINSIS - Main Injector Non-Standard Interaction Search- is a proposal under discussion to realize such precision measurement. This document contains the proceedings of the workshop which took place on 10-11 December 2009 in Madrid to discuss both the physics reach as well as the experimental requirements for this proposal.

  18. Patrimonio Minero: Las caleras de Lozoya, Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Este trabajo está encuadrado en la tercera fase del proyecto "Arqueología Industrial: Patrimonio Minero-Metalúrgico madrileño", subvencionado por la Comunidad de Madrid. Se trata del inventario de antiguos hornos de fabricación de cal, existentes en localidades de la Sierra Norte (Lozoya). La fabricación de cal por medios artesanales tuvo una cierta importancia en el Alto Valle del Lozoya, sobre todo con vistas a su utilización para encalar las fachadas de las casas o como desinfectante. Se t...

  19. Conjunto industrial «BINESA», Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbero Rebolledo, Manuel

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available This project is near Madrid and is intented for the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. It includes a manufacturing section, a storage zone, one devoted to offices, dressing rooms and cafeteria. There is also an elevated water tank, a control house, a bicycle parking place and a transformer hut. The whole set of buildings is of untreated concrete and straw coloured bricks: they add up to a highly varied and beautifully plastic set of space forms.Situado en las proximidades de Madrid, está destinado a la fabricación de productos farmacéuticos y se compone de los siguientes edificios independientes: un núcleo de fabricación y almacenamiento y otro de oficinas, vestuario y cafetería. Forman parte también del conjunto: un depósito elevado, la caseta de control, un bicicletero y una caseta de transformación. Todo ello en hormigón visto y ladrillo pajizo, componiendo volúmenes de gran variedad y belleza plástica.

  20. GuMNet - Guadarrama Monitoring Network. Installation and set up of a high altitude monitoring network, north of Madrid. Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santolaria-Canales, Edmundo

    2015-04-01

    An observational monitoring network in the Guadarrama Mountains is due to be operational at the end of 2015. This network integrates atmospheric measurements as well as subsurface observations in a high mountain climate, located up to 2.400 m.a.s.l. The data provided by GuMNet will help to improve the characterization of microclimate in high mountain areas, as well as land-atmosphere interations. The network information aims at meeting the needs of accuracy to be used for biological, agricultural, hydrological, meteorological and climatic investigations in this area. This initiative is supported and developed by research groups integrating the GuMNet Consortiuma from the Complutense and Polytechnical Universities of Madrid (UCM and UPM), the Energetic Environmental and Technological Research Centre (CIEMAT), the Spanish National Meteorological Agency (AEMET), and the National Park Sierra de Guadarrama (PNSG). The starting setup includes seven meteorological stations compatible with WMO standards, to be installed in the central area of the massif. Including a four-component net radiation sensor, an ultrasonic snow height, a pluviometer specialized for snow capture, air temperature and humidity devices and wind speed/direction sensor. Along with these atmospheric measurements, each station will include a set of subsurface measurements of temperature in shallow boreholes ( 20 m depth ) and temperature and humidity in trenches up to 1 m depth. These compatible WMO stations will be complemented by a station specialized in eddy covariance measuremets with CO2 fluxes at low altitude pastureland near Madrid. Another portable station is available to develop ad hoc comparison studies. This setup is embedded in a broader network of meteorological stations run partly by AEMET and partly by the PNSG. Most of the AEMET stations are distributed over lower altitudes, and will provide a very reliable boundary information for the atmosphere state around the Sierra. In the same way

  1. Expedition to the Antarctic Peninsula in the 2012-2013 campaign with participation of the CIEMAT; Expedicion a la Peninsula Antartica en la campana 2012-2013 con participacion del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, T.; Lopez Martinez, J.; Duran Valsero, J. J.; O' Neill, T.

    2013-07-01

    Antarctica is the most remote, hostile and uninhabited continent on Earth. It is key to understand how our planet works and the impact we have on it. The Antarctic has many unique geological, glaciological and biological features. Its environment and its biological communities have a limited natural capacity for recovery from the alterations they undergo and therefore can be easily and irreversibly damaged. This is why the Antarctic Treaty and, in particular, the Protocol on Environmental Protection of the Antarctic Treaty (the Madrid Protocol) pay special attention to these matters. In this context, the effects of climate change and also the growing pressure of human activities, including scientific research and tourist visits, are reason for this attention. (Author)

  2. Urban pest management. A Madrid case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibon Tamayo Uria

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Citizens’ reports of sightings of undesirable animals are a common component of pest control programmes in a city. For this reason, local authorities tend to develop procedures for the capture and analysis of the resulting data sets based on these reported sightings. These procedures in turn contribute to the development of other initiatives aimed at improving public health conditions. The study presented here focuses on the methodology designed and implemented by the Madrid City Council for controlling and managing the presence of urban pests.The long experience (over 100 years of the City Council and its commitment to the incorporation of new technologies have allowed a number of important lessons to be learnt in pest control and management, which may be useful as a guide and model for cities where public health services have not yet incorporated these methods.

  3. Foreign minorities from developing countries in Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, V; Aguilera, M J; Gonzalez-yanci, M P

    1993-07-01

    "Spain, which has always been a land of emigrants, is currently a centre of attraction for immigrants, as are other countries in Mediterranean Europe. The proportion is not as high as in other countries with a longer tradition of immigration. In this survey we selected the six nationalities which provide the highest numbers of immigrants from the developing world, and which have the greatest racial or cultural contrast to the native population. We analyse their structural features, whether or not immigrants from the same country...collect in the Madrid Metropolitan Area, the recent mobility of the immigrant population, and the evolution of immigration since the Administration carried out a regularization process, as well as Spaniards' opinion of foreign immigrants."

  4. Chequeo constructivo de fachadas de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monjo Garrió, Juan

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available This article can be considered as the continuation and culmination of the one published on the number 396, july/august - 1989, under the same headline. Objectives and methodology are reminded of the work done at the Dept. of "Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas" of the U.P.M., whose scope was the stablishement of a data bank on constructive pathology of facades at Madrid for its study and stadistic analysis. It is completed with a first analysis of the general data of the pathological situation of those facades as well as some characteristic data related to the problem of DETACHING, as a sample of the interest and posibilities of the data bank made.

    Este artículo puede considerarse como la continuación y complemento del publicado bajo el mismo título en el nº 396 de julio/agosto de 1989. En él se recuerdan los objetivos y metodología de trabajo llevado a cabo en el Departamento de "Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas" de la U.P.M., que perseguía la constitución de un banco de datos sobre patología constructiva de fachadas en la ciudad de Madrid para su estudio y análisis estadístico, y se complementa con un primer análisis, tanto de los datos generales del estado patológico de dichas fachadas, como de algunos datos característicos relativos a la lesión DESPRENDIMIENTOS, como muestra del interés y las posibilidades del banco de datos que se ha confeccionado.

  5. Red Palinocam: vigilancia en Madrid del polen aerovagante Palinocam Network: airborne pollen vigilance in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Cervigón Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El Programa Regional de Control y Prevención del Asma surge en el año 1992. El programa abordaba una estrategia con cuatro grandes áreas, entre ellas la Vigilancia Ambiental, que en el año 1993 formalizó la Red Palinológica de la Comunidad de Madrid (Red Palinocam. La red se constituye mediante la creación de un comité de expertos, coordinado desde el Instituto de Salud Pública, bajo la dirección técnica de la Facultad de Farmacia de la Universidad Complutense y está integrado por representantes de cada una de las instituciones involucradas. El marco jurídico se completa con acuerdos firmados con los ayuntamientos y con un convenio de colaboración entre la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y la Consejería de Sanidad y Consumo.El objetivo prioritario, basado en la red de muestreo de polen para el territorio de la Comunidad de Madrid, es el conocimiento del contenido polínico de su atmósfera que incide sobre la población afectada de polinosis en cada zona de nuestra área geográfica y en cada momento del año, datos de gran interés desde Salud Pública.La Red Palinocam constituye una herramienta útil en Salud Pública, proporcionando información puntual, a través de Internet y del Servicio de Información Telefónica, durante todo el año de los muestreos aerobiológicos realizados. Así las personas que sufren problemas de alergia y los profesionales sanitarios que se encargan de sus cuidados y los distintos medios de comunicación, pueden conocer los tipos polínicos más frecuentes en cada momento y su concentración en el aire ambiente.Asthma Regional Programme started to give up in 1992 with four big areas. Palinocam network project was first set up in Madrid as a part of Asthma Regional Programme, comprised in a wider Environmental Subprogram: Palynological Network of Madrid Region (PALINOCAM NETWORK.Palynological network is a multidisciplinary organization which has been working since 1993. In that moment an Experts

  6. Madrid Symposium Promotes China-Spain Local Government Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>With the concerted efforts of the CPAFFC and the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (SFMP), the China-Spain Local Government Cooperation Symposium was held in Madrid on March 24, 2010.

  7. China-Spain Economic and Trade Forum Held in Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On June 29, Chi na-Spain Eco nomic and Trade Forum, sponsored jointly by CCPIT, Federation of Spanish Entrepreneur Orga nizations and Spanish Trade and Investment Agency, was held in Madrid, capital of Spain.

  8. Imported malaria in pregnancy in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez Beatriz C

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria in pregnancy is associated with maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality in endemic areas, but information on imported cases to non-endemic areas is scarce. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of malaria in pregnancy in two general hospitals in Madrid, Spain. Methods Retrospective descriptive study of laboratory-confirmed malaria in pregnant women at the Fuenlabrada University Hospital and the Príncipe de Asturias University Hospital, in Madrid, over a six- and 11-year period, respectively. Relevant epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data was obtained from medical records. Results There were 19 pregnant women among 346 malaria cases (5.4%. The average age was 27 years. The gestational age (trimester was: 53% 3rd, 31% 1st, 16% 2nd. All but one were multigravidae. Three were HIV positive. All were sub-Saharan immigrants: two were recently arrived immigrants and seventeen (89% had visited friends and relatives. None had taken prophylaxis nor seeked pre-travel advice. Presentation: 16 symptomatic patients (fever in fourteen, asthenia in two, three asymptomatic. Median delay in diagnosis: 7.5 days. Laboratory tests: anaemia (cut off Hb level 11 g/dl 78.9% (mild 31.6%, moderate 31.6%, severe 15.8% thrombocytopaenia 73.7%, hypoglycaemia 10.5%. All cases were due to Plasmodium falciparum, one case of hyperparasitaemia. Quinine + clindamycin prescribed in 84%. Outcomes: no severe maternal complications or deaths, two abortions, fifteen term pregnancies, no low-birth-weight newborns, two patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusions Though cases of malaria in pregnancy are uncommon, a most at risk group is clearly defined: young sub-Saharan mothers visiting friends and relatives without pre-travel counselling and recently-arrived immigrants. The most common adverse maternal and foetal effects were anaemia and stillbirth. Given that presentation can be asymptomatic

  9. Scientific report 1998-2000. Service of molecular chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The Service of Molecular Chemistry (SCM) constitutes a significant part of fundamental chemistry at the Direction for the Science of Matter (DSM). Furthermore, its scientific programmes benefit from the contact with teams of CEA who carry out applied research relevant to nuclear energy as well as to new technologies and industrial innovation. Several cooperative actions (which involve, among other persons, PhDs and post-docs) with the other operational Directions of CEA (DO) illustrate this will of SCM to establish its fundamental research within the frame of the broader CEA missions acknowledged by the French government. The scientific report is organized as follows: as simplified organization chart relates the SCM to the Department and the Direction to which it is bound, and states the personnel (CEA, CNRS, University, PhDs, post-docs, etc). The organization chart of the SCM then brings to the fore the relationship between thematic Groups and teams. A general presentation of the main guidelines of the researches of the Service, organized by Groups, precedes a detailed description of the results obtained for each of the scientific themes tackled by the teams with mention of the involved scientists. Publications and patents appear at the end. Finally the research perspectives of SCM emphasize the inflexion to our activities which will be given in the next two years. (author)

  10. White-fronted Goose Telementry, 1998-2000 [ds330

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Using radio-telemetry, greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons frontalis) distribution and movements during winter in Central California were determined during...

  11. [Authoritarian attitudes and violence in Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Martín, F

    1999-01-01

    One of the objectives of the Multicentric Study on Cultural Norms and Attitudes Toward Violence (Estudio Multicéntrico sobre Actitudes y Normas Culturales frente a la Violencia, the ACTIVA project) is to analyze the relationship between those attitudes that foster violence and the violent behaviors themselves. This article examines the relationship between attitudes and two components of violence: its justification and its actual occurrence. Data were collected in Madrid between October and December 1996 from a representative sample of 1,219 people, who were interviewed at home with the common questionnaire used for the ACTIVA project, with some additional questions. Overall, the sample respondents scored low on the authoritarianism scale. Persons who most strongly justified the use of violence scored higher on authoritarianism, along with those who customarily displayed a higher level of aggression. Attitudes that were more strongly authoritarian were found in low-income neighborhoods, in people who were not part of the workforce, in people with less education, and in those persons who described themselves as having a right-wing ideology. If people who are more authoritarian justify and practice violence more than others, it becomes necessary to encourage criticism of those who abuse their power and tolerance toward differences, in order to prevent such behaviors without disregarding the influence of the social variables previously mentioned.

  12. El patrimonio industrial urbano de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos J. Pardo Abad

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la trascendencia del patrimonio industrial de la ciudad de Madrid desde un punto de vista geográfico y, a la vez, histórico en el que se expone la evolución de la industrialización madrileña desde el siglo XIX hasta el momento actual, incluyéndose también las fundaciones de las manufacturas reales de tipo preindustrial del siglo XVIII. Como consecuencia de dicho desarrollo hay un patrimonio industrial que merece ser destacado por sus valores culturales y sus posibilidades de reutilización, aunque más escaso que en otras ciudades de más intensa industrialización. Se exponen los casos más significativos tanto del patrimonio preindustrial como del industrial desaparecido y de aquel otro que ha sido preservado y recuperado para nuevos usos como legado del pasado fabril de la ciudad.

  13. El patrimonio industrial urbano de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos J. Pardo Abad

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la trascendencia del patrimonio industrial de la ciudad de Madrid desde un punto de vista geográfico y, a la vez, histórico en el que se expone la evolución de la industrialización madrileña desde el siglo XIX hasta el momento actual, incluyéndose también las fundaciones de las manufacturas reales de tipo preindustrial del siglo XVIII. Como consecuencia de dicho desarrollo hay un patrimonio industrial que merece ser destacado por sus valores culturales y sus posibilidades de reutilización, aunque más escaso que en otras ciudades de más intensa industrialización. Se exponen los casos más significativos tanto del patrimonio preindustrial como del industrial desaparecido y de aquel otro que ha sido preservado y recuperado para nuevos usos como legado del pasado fabril de la ciudad.

  14. La nueva embajada alemana, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schoebel Ungria, G.

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available This embassy involves two buildings, which, because of their style, appropriate aspect, the fine taste of their design, and the highly efficient manner in which the volumes agree with the building site, constitutes a singular ornament to one of the best zones of Madrid. All the materials are traditional in Spanish constructional practice, and were carefully chosen: their full plastic and chromatic quality being well utilised.Los dos edificios que componen el conjunto constituyen, por su tratamiento, por su representatividad, por el gusto con que han sido construidos y por el respetuoso trato dado a los volúmenes del aprovechamiento autorizado, un ornato singular en una de las zonas más nobles y vistosas de la capital de España. Todos los materiales empleados son los tradicionales del país anfitrión y fueron elegidos con esmero, conservándolos en toda su pureza plástica de carácter y cromática.

  15. El Abasto de Pan en el Madrid del Siglo XVII Bread provision in seventeenth century Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El mercado del pan era el más importante de los mercados de abastos, pero también el que contaba con el más complejo sistema de intervención. Los objetivos de la política de abastos eran asegurar un suministro continuo a precios estables y moderados.Los instrumentos incluían la regulación de los precios del grano y el pan, la provisión directa a través del pósito municipal y, en el caso de la corte, el pan de registro. En este trabajo examinamos la política de tasas, las disposiciones del gobierno y el comportamiento de los precios del pan en Madrid y del trigo en los mercados de origen.Bread market was the most important provision markets, so the complexity of intervention system. The aim of provision policy was to guarantee the continuous supply of bread at moderate and stable prices. The means included the regulation the price, the direct provision by the public granary and, in the case of the court, the named registered bread. This paper examines the tax policy, the government requirements and the movement of bread prices in Madrid and wheat prices in the markets of origin.

  16. La construcción de la marca Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elia Canosa Zamora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos veinte años, los sucesivos gobiernos de Madrid, han centrado en el posicionamiento internacional de la ciudad sus expectativas de desarrollo económico, de transformación urbana y de bienestar ciudadano. La construcción de la Marca Madrid forma parte de esta estrategia que ha terminado por convertirse en el eje director de gestión y la ordenación urbana. La relevancia de este fenómeno se analizará en tres vertientes fundamentales: valorando el significado de la opción oficial de Madrid ciudad global, planteando el ascenso de la imagen como base vertebradora de las operaciones destinadas a favorecer esta internacionalización y profundizando en el valor de la arquitectura como icono urbano.

  17. Radiation surveillance of exposed workers during activities of moving of the earth area of Montecillo; Vigilancia radiologica de los trabajadores expuestos durante las actividades de movimiento de tierras del area del Montecillo del CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ortiz, M. T.; Alvarez, A.; Garcia, E.; Diaz, P.; Quinones, J.

    2013-07-01

    One of the objectives of this study was to limit the doses received by exposed workers and the public (in this case the workers of the CIEMATs buildings next to the work) by setting the appropriate criteria of optimization and protection.In addition was a theoretical evaluation of the dose inhalation, workers would have received if ALARA study protection measures has not been established. (Author)

  18. Transfer knowledge and technology in Madrid; La transferencia de conocimiento y tecnologia en la comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicente Oliva, M. de; Manera Bassa, J.; Martin del Peso, M.

    2010-07-01

    This paper aims to establish a typology of business behaviour patterns related to Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT), as well as an assessment of the situation of the transference process from the Madrid Region companies point of view. Working with data obtained from a survey designed and carried out by the authors to the companies registered in Madrid database and, as a consequence, knowing KTT, we have built groups of enterprises with different behaviours. To obtain the groups we have used cluster techniques over the factors resulting from a correspondence analysis. (Author) 24 refs.

  19. Torre de iluminación y comunicaciones de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Arroyo, Salvador

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the communication and lighting tower of the Avenida de la Victoria in Madrid, a work belonging to the project of Madrid the Cultural Capital of Europe 1992. The aim of this construction is to light this road junction and, at the same time present a visual landmark of the city. The lantern-tower will light an area of about one hectare and will serve as a base for locating the traffic control cameras and other services.

    En este artículo se describe la farola de iluminación y comunicaciones de la Avenida de la Victoria, en Madrid, obra enmarcada dentro del Madrid Cultural de 1992. El objetivo de esta construcción es iluminar este nudo de confluencia vial y, al mismo tiempo, marcar un hito visual de la ciudad. La torre-farola ilumina una superficie no menor de una hectárea y es base para la ubicación de cámaras para el control del tráfico y otros servicios.

  20. Evidence Against the New Madrid Long-Lived Aftershock Hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, M. T.; Hough, S. E.

    2014-12-01

    It has been suggested that continuing seismicity in the New Madrid, central U.S. region is primarily composed of the continuing long-lived aftershock sequence of the 1811-1812 sequence, and thus cannot be taken as an indication of present-day strain accrual in the region. We examine historical and instrumental seismicity in the New Madrid region to determine if such a model is feasible given 1) the observed protracted nature of past New Madrid sequences, with multiple mainshocks with apparently similar magnitudes; 2) historical rates of M≥6 earthquakes after the initial activity in 1811-1812; and 3) the modern seismicity rate in the region. We use ETAS modeling to search for sub-critical sets of direct Omori parameters that are consistent with all of these datasets, given a realistic consideration of their uncertainties. High aftershock productivity is required both to match the observation of multiple mainshocks and to explain the modern level of activity as aftershocks; synthetic sequences consistent with these observations substantially overpredict the number of events of M≥6 that were observed in the past 200 years. Our results imply that ongoing background seismicity in the New Madrid region is driven by ongoing strain accrual processes and that, despite low deformation rates, seismic activity in the zone is not decaying with time.

  1. Primary standardization of C-14 by means of CIEMAT/NIST, TDCR and 4πβ-γ methods; Medida absoluta da atividade de {sup 14}C pelos metodos CIEMAT/NIST, TDCR e em sistema de coincidencia 4πβ-γ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuznetsova, Maria

    2016-07-01

    In this work, the primary standardization of {sup 14}C solution, which emits beta particles of maximum energy 156 keV, was made by means of three different methods: CIEMAT/NIST and TDCR (Triple To Double Coincidence Ratio) methods in liquid scintillation systems and the tracing method, in the 4πβ-γ coincidence system. TRICARB LSC (Liquid Scintillator Counting) system, equipped with two photomultipliers tubes, was used for CIEMAT/NIST method, using a {sup 3}H standard that emits beta particles with maximum energy of 18.7 keV, as efficiency tracing. HIDEX 300SL LSC system, equipped with three photomultipliers tubes, was used for TDCR method. Samples of {sup 14}C and {sup 3}H, for the liquid scintillator system, were prepared using three commercial scintillation cocktails, UltimaGold, Optiphase Hisafe3 and InstaGel-Plus, in order to compare the performance in the measurements. All samples were prepared with 15 mL scintillators, in glass vials with low potassium concentration. Known aliquots of radioactive solution were dropped onto the cocktail scintillators. In order to obtain the quenching parameter curve, a nitro methane carrier solution and 1 mL of distilled water were used. For measurements in the 4πβ-γ system, {sup 60}Co was used as beta gamma emitter. SCS (software coincidence system) was applied and the beta efficiency was changed by using electronic discrimination. The behavior of the extrapolation curve was predicted with code ESQUEMA, using Monte Carlo technique. The {sup 14}C activity obtained by the three methods applied in this work was compared and the results showed to be in agreement, within the experimental uncertainty. (author)

  2. Calibration Human Voxel Phantoms for In Vivo Measurement of ''2 sup 4 sup 1 Am in Bone at the Whole Body Counter Facility of CIEMAT

    CERN Document Server

    Moraleda, M; Navarro, J F; Navarro, T

    2002-01-01

    The Whole Body Counting facility of CIEMAT is capable of carrying out In-Vivo measurements of radionuclides emitting X-rays and low energy gamma radiation internally deposited in the body. The system to use for this purpose consists of flour Low energy Germanium (LeGe) Camberra detectors working in the energy range from 10 to 1000 keV. Physical phantoms with a known contamination in the organ of interest are normally used for the calibration of the LEGe detection system. In this document we present a calibration method using the Monte Carlo technique (MCNP4C) over a voxel phantom obtained from a computerized tomography of a real human head. The phantom consists of 104017 (43x59x41) cubic voxels, 4 mn on each side, os specific tissues, but for this simulation only two types are taken into account: adipose tissue and hard bone. The skull is supposed to be contaminated with ''241 Am and the trajectories of the photons are simulated till they reach the germanium detectors. The detectors were also simulated in det...

  3. Distribution of volatile organic compounds in Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Pastor, R.M.; Garcia-Alonso, S.; Quejido Cabezas, A.J. [CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

    1999-07-01

    From November 1995 to October 1996, airborne concentrations of VOCs were measured in the Madrid area to study the organic pollution in general, and the correlation between different pollutants in relation to such parameters as location and season. Mean concentrations for up to 90 compounds were measured at four test sites, including both urban and suburban areas. At the urban sites, maximum concentrations occurred in the autumn and winter, whereas minimum concentrations were reached in summer and spring. Similar changes were obtained for the less-contaminated site located in the SE of the city, whereas a different pattern was found at the site in the NW of the city due to meteorological aspects. Mean levels of hydrocarbons in Madrid were quite similar to those found in other European cities. Chemometrical techniques were applied to the set of data in order to assess the influence of such factors as traffic, temperature and seasonal variations on the VOC levels. (orig.)

  4. Nutrición enteral domiciliaria en la Comunidad de Madrid Home enteral nutrition in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Castaño Escudero

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El consumo de productos de nutrición enteral domiciliaria financiados por el Sistema Nacional de Salud ha experimentado un notable incremento. El objetivo del trabajo es conocer su evolución durante los últimos cuatro años (1998-2001, las diferencias de precio de facturación de un mismo producto y la ocupación de mercado de los distintos preparados. Ámbito: Analizando las recetas de la Seguridad Social que fueron dispensadas por farmacias de Madrid, se ha realizado un estudio atendiendo a tipo de producto, número de envases, importe y empresas fabricantes. Al ser productos sujetos a la Ley de Defensa de la Competencia, los datos de importe se han tomado individualmente de cada receta. Resultados: Son importantes los aumentos entre noviembre de 1998 y mayo de 2000 del consumo de envases (66,6% e importe (supera el 100%. El consumo se reparte de manera desigual entre tres empresas. El precio medio aumenta un 25,9%, disminuyendo la utilización de productos estándar a favor de productos modificados más específicos. La diferencia de precio de facturación del mismo producto, dependiendo de la farmacia que lo dispense, llega a un 120%. Conclusiones: El consumo en envases observa un crecimiento tendencial mantenido hasta el año 2000, ralentizándose en el 2001, no así en importe que mantiene su tendencia ascendente. Se incrementan los preparados envasados para administración con sistemas de infusión continua.Objective: The comsumption of products of home enteral nutrition financed by the national system of health, has experimented a remarkable increment. The purpose of this present paper is to evaluate the changes during the last four years (1998-2001, the differences between the costs in which a product is checked and the market occupation of each product. Scope: Analysing the official social security forms which were dispensed by pharmacies of Madrid, a study was realized attending to type of product, number of units, cost

  5. Residencia para personas mayores en Villa del Prado, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Vaquero Alvaro, Javier

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Basic faci lities fo r socia l serv ices. Building designed as a home fo r the elderly, with 120 beds plus adult day care service for 40 seniors; erected under an agreement between the Madrid Housing Institute (IVIMA and the Regional Department ofFamily Affairs and Social Services in a small tOWlI in the region ofMadrid with a population of4.350. The design lends particular auention to zoning and spatial distribution based 0 11 a specific organisational chart as wel! as to daylight-related questions. The choice ofmaterials and colours is in keeping with the intended use ofthe building and the characteristics ofits users.Equipamiento Básico para Asistencia Social. Edificio destinado a Residencia pa ra Personas Mayores con una capacidad para 120 plazas residenciales con Centro de Estancias Diurnas para 40 plazas externas, realizado mediante Convenio entre el Instituto de la Vivienda de Madrid (IVIMA y la Consejeria de Familia y Servicios Sociales de la Comunidad de Madrid, en un pequeño municipio de esta Comunidad con una población de 4.350 habitantes. El proyecto dedica especial atención a la zonificación y a la distribució n espacial, en fu nci án de IIt I claro organigrama, y al manej o de la luz natural. La elección de materiales y colores se realiza en funci án del uso a que se destina el edificio ya las especiales características de sus usuarios.

  6. Fourth Meeting of China-Spain Forum Held in Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Chairman Hu Qili and Executive Chairman Chen Haosu of the Chinese Committee of the China-Spain Forum(CSF) led a Chinese delegation to attend the Fourth Meeting of the CSF in Madrid from November 27 to 28,2007.The meeting with the theme of "Harmony,Development and Gaining Win-Win Results" was jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC,the CSF Chinese Committee,the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Spain China Council Foundation.

  7. The Madrid School of Neurology (1885-1939).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Roldán, S

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of neurology in Madrid between 1885 and 1939 had well-defined characteristics. On foundations laid by Cajal and Río-Hortega, pioneers combined clinical practice with cutting-edge neurohistology and neuropathology research. Luis Simarro, trained in Paris, taught many talented students including Gayarre, Achúcarro and Lafora. The untimely death of Nicolás Achúcarro curtailed his promising career, but he still completed the clinicopathological study of the first American case of Alzheimer's disease. On returning to Spain, he studied glial cells, including rod cells. Rodríguez Lafora described progressive myoclonus epilepsy and completed experimental studies of corpus callosum lesions and clinical and neuropathology studies of senile dementia. He fled to Mexico at the end of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Sanchís Banús, a sterling clinical neurologist, described the first cluster of Huntington's disease in Spain, and he and Río-Hortega joined efforts to determine that pallidal degeneration underlies rigidity in advanced stages of the disease. Just after the war, Alberca Llorente eruditely described inflammatory diseases of the neuraxis. Manuel Peraita studied "the neurology of hunger" with data collected during the siege of Madrid. Dionisio Nieto, like many exiled intellectuals, settled in Mexico DF, where he taught neurohistological methods and neuropsychiatry in the tradition of the Madrid School of Neurology.

  8. Calibration Human Voxel Phantoms for In Vivo Measurement of ''241 Am in Bone at the Whole Body Counter Facility of CIEMAT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moraleda, M.; Lopez, M. A.; Gomez Ros, J. M.; Navarro, T.; Navarro, J. F.

    2002-07-01

    The Whole Body Counting facility of CIEMAT is capable of carrying out In-Vivo measurements of radionuclides emitting X-rays and low energy gamma radiation internally deposited in the body. The system to use for this purpose consists of flour Low energy Germanium (LeGe) Camberra detectors working in the energy range from 10 to 1000 keV. Physical phantoms with a known contamination in the organ of interest are normally used for the calibration of the LEGe detection system. In this document we present a calibration method using the Monte Carlo technique (MCNP4C) over a voxel phantom obtained from a computerized tomography of a real human head. The phantom consists of 104017 (43x59x41) cubic voxels, 4 mn on each side, os specific tissues, but for this simulation only two types are taken into account: adipose tissue and hard bone. The skull is supposed to be contaminated with ''241 Am and the trajectories of the photons are simulated till they reach the germanium detectors. The detectors were also simulated in detail to obtain a good agreement with the reality. In order to verify the accuracy of this procedure to reproduce the experiments, the MCNP results are compared with laboratory measurements of a head phantom simulating an internal contamination of 1000 Bq of ''241 Am deposited in bone. Different relative positions source-detector were tried to look for the best countring geometry for measurement of a contaminated skull. Efficiency values are obtained and compared, resulting in the validation of the mathematical method for the assessment of internal contamination of American deposited in skeleton. (Author) 16 refs.

  9. Antonio Quilis, La concodancia gramatiaal en Za Zengua espanola hablada en Madrid, C. S. I. C., Madrid 1983, pags. 128

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available El libra de Antonio Quilis, de poco más de cien páginas, nos ofrece los resultados de las encuestas sabre la concordancia sintáctica en el habla de Madrid. El Autor que es también cultivador y conocedor de la fonética del español­ pensemos en su importante trabajo sobre la fonética acústica de la lengua española (Gredos, Madrid 1981 - vuelve aqué a su vocacion de sintáctico, visible en sus trabajos sabre la estructura del español la edición de la Gramática de Nebri­ja y en el amor con que cuidó la presentación al mundo de habla castellana de las obras de B. Pottier.

  10. Bio solids: direct application in Madrid's Region; Biosolidos: aplicacion directa en la Comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Llogostera Pujol, R.; Monferrer Areite, J.; Garcia Delgado, I.

    2007-07-01

    A short review of biosolids direct application on agriculture and its practical experience in Madrid area is realized. The importance of doing correctly direct application, the possibilities of biosolids application in this area and the difficulty to do stores on land when meteorological and agronomic factors are adverse, is emphasized. Direct application data, production and destinations from years 2005 and 2006 are shown. Finally some recommendations to get successfully are explained. (Author)

  11. Comparison of road traffic emission models in Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borge, Rafael; de Miguel, Isabel; de la Paz, David; Lumbreras, Julio; Pérez, Javier; Rodríguez, Encarnación

    2012-12-01

    Many cities in Europe have difficulties to meet the air quality standards set by the European legislation, most particularly the annual mean Limit Value for NO2. Road transport is often the main source of air pollution in urban areas and therefore, there is an increasing need to estimate current and future traffic emissions as accurately as possible. As a consequence, a number of specific emission models and emission factors databases have been developed recently. They present important methodological differences and may result in largely diverging emission figures and thus may lead to alternative policy recommendations. This study compares two approaches to estimate road traffic emissions in Madrid (Spain): the COmputer Programme to calculate Emissions from Road Transport (COPERT4 v.8.1) and the Handbook Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA v.3.1), representative of the 'average-speed' and 'traffic situation' model types respectively. The input information (e.g. fleet composition, vehicle kilometres travelled, traffic intensity, road type, etc.) was provided by the traffic model developed by the Madrid City Council along with observations from field campaigns. Hourly emissions were computed for nearly 15 000 road segments distributed in 9 management areas covering the Madrid city and surroundings. Total annual NOX emissions predicted by HBEFA were a 21% higher than those of COPERT. The discrepancies for NO2 were lower (13%) since resulting average NO2/NOX ratios are lower for HBEFA. The larger differences are related to diesel vehicle emissions under "stop & go" traffic conditions, very common in distributor/secondary roads of the Madrid metropolitan area.In order to understand the representativeness of these results, the resulting emissions were integrated in an urban scale inventory used to drive mesoscale air quality simulations with the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modelling system (1 km2 resolution). Modelled NO2 concentrations were compared

  12. Elephas antiquus (Proboscidea, Mammalia en el Pleistoceno medio de Ciempozuelos (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazo, A. V.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available A mandible of a young elephant found at Ciempozuelos (Madrid is identified as Elephas antiquus. Correlation with other paleontological sites of the Madrid basin were this taxa has been recorded allow us to assing the new locality to the middle-Iate Pleistocene (Riss-Würn.Se identifica como Elephas antiquus una mandíbula juvenil de elefante encontrada en Ciempozuelos (Madrid. Las correlaciones con otros yacimientos de la cuenca de Madrid que han proporcionado el mismo taxón permiten precisar que la nueva localidad pertenece al Pleistoceno medio final (Riss-Würm.

  13. Study of Adsorbents for the Capture of CO{sub 2} in Post-combustion. Contribution of CIEMAT to Module 4 of the CENITCO{sub 2} Project; Estudio de Adsorbentes para la Captura de CO{sub 2} en Postcombustion. Contribucion del CIEMAT al Modulo 4 del Proyecto CENITCO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz, E.; Marono, M.; Sanchez-Hervas, J. M.

    2010-07-01

    The main goal of CIEMAT within the CENIT-CO{sub 2} project has been the development of a process for CO{sub 2} capture from combustion flue gases by physical adsorption. In the first stage, screening studies to select promising adsorbents were carried out at laboratory scale, using simplified gas compositions. After that, pilot plant studies were performed using appropriate configurations of promising adsorbents under realistic conditions. CO{sub 2} adsorption cyclic capacity of different adsorbents has been studied. Lastly, for the adsorbent selected as most promising, its cyclic efficiency and selectivity for CO{sub 2} adsorption in the presence of other gaseous components (SO{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, NO) of the combustion gas has been determined, as well as its performance along multiple sorption-desorption cycles in the presence of simulated combustion gas. None of the studied adsorbents, though being promising since they all have a capture efficiency of about 90%, seem to be susceptible of direct application to CO{sub 2} capture by physical adsorption under conditions representative of gases exiting the desulphurization tower of conventional pulverized coal combustion plants. As an alternative, the development of hybrid and regenerable solid sorbents (physical-chemical adsorption) is proposed or the application of new technologies under development such as the electrochemical promotion in capturing CO{sub 2}. (Author) 33 refs.

  14. Oficios, costumbres y sociedad en el Madrid bajomedieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montero Vallejo, Manuel

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available After a period of stagnation, the town of Madrid resumed its spatial and demographic growth in the second quarter of the 15th century; from that time through the early 1500s, the town nearly doubled its built-up area and more than doubled its population. The economy also grew; Madrid went from a predominantly peasant town —craftsmanship being rural too, except for the production of some goods— to a center of industrial production and liberal arts as well as a regional market of far-reaching influence. In addition, society evolved. The 15th century was a period of consolidation of important lineages and of artisans and merchants joining the class of the knights. The documentary sources, most notably the wills, remarkably attest to this society's activities and spiritual concerns.

    La villa de Madrid, tras un período de estancamiento, reanuda en el primer cuarto del siglo XV un crecimiento espacial y demográfico. De esta época a principios del siglo XVI casi duplica su extensión edificada y ampliamente la población, con un crecimiento económico paralelo. De un panorama campesino, en que su artesanía —salvo algunos casos de precoz desarrollo— posee carácter rural, pasa en el siglo XV a una diversificación profesional importante, con industrias especializadas y profesiones liberales, convirtiéndose en cabeza de un mercado regional de amplio alcance. La sociedad también evoluciona: en el siglo XV se consolidan importantes linajes y aparecen artesanos y mercaderes cualificados, que ingresan en el círculo de los caballeros. La documentación ofrece una muestra importante de las actividades de esta sociedad y de sus inquietudes espirituales, y de manera destacada en los testamentos bajomedievales.

  15. Development and initial application of the sesquiversion of MADRID

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pun, B. K.

    2008-06-01

    Organic aerosol (OA) models are typically formulated on the basis of empirical parameters or from first principles based on molecular constituents and properties. The overarching theme of sesqui-MADRID is the representation of primary and secondary organic aerosol constituents using surrogate molecular structures. Empirical partitioning characteristics guide the selection of surrogate secondary OA (SOA). Semivolatile primary OA (POA) are represented by selective compounds of key source types. The assignment of surrogate structures allows the use of group contribution methods for the calculation of thermodynamic properties such as activity coefficients, vapor pressures, and enthalpies of vaporization. A new activity coefficient model represents the interactions among POA, SOA, and water. The inclusion of water increases the total OA concentration by increasing the absorbing medium. If activity coefficients are assumed to be unity, OA increases substantially. Treatment of nonideality is essential in OA modules. When thermodynamically favorable, two phases with different hydrophobicity are modeled. Phase separation of OA is more common when water is considered as part of the absorbing medium than when it is not. Phase separation results in a small increase in total OA, because hydrophobic and hydrophilic compounds can exist in two liquid phases rather than repel each other in a single phase. Allowing POA to evaporate reduces the fraction of POA relative to SOA. The decrease can lead to a less than proportional decrease (or an increase) in total OA due to changes in composition, activity coefficients, and partitioning of individual constituents. A three-dimensional demonstration of sesqui-MADRID for a typical summer day shows an overall increase in OA in the southeastern United States compared to an empirical approach. Sesqui-MADRID predicts higher contributions from volatile and hydrophilic constituents and similar concentrations for constituents that are hydrophobic

  16. From the Hawaii Declaration to the Declaration of Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmchen, H; Okasha, A

    2000-01-01

    The Declaration of Hawaii, adopted by the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) in 1977, was a significant event. But the needs and new ethical dilemmas of the 1990s led WPA to develop new recommendations on the duties of psychiatrists resulting in the Declaration of Madrid, adopted by WPA in 1996. It outlines the framework of ethical conduct of psychiatrists, formulates seven general guidelines with an increased emphasis on research and resource allocation, and gives five specific guidelines on euthanasia, torture, the death penalty, selection of sex, and organ transplantation.

  17. Contribución al estudio de los hongos hipogeos de la Comunidad de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Calonge, F. D.; Daniëls, P.P

    1999-01-01

    [EN] Nine species of hypogeous fungi are mentioned or described in this article as new to Madrid, being Tuber maerosporum new to Spain. The catalogue of this kind of fungí in Madrid reaches 24 taxa. Notes on their taxonomy, chorology and ecology are also added.

  18. RELEVANSI KEIKUTSERTAAN INDONESIA DALAM INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION OF MARKS MADRID SYSTEM MELALUI RATIFIKASI MADRID PROTOCOL TERHADAP POTENSI PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING BANGSA INDONESIA DI BIDANG PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irna Nurhayati

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Protection of marks is relied on first to file principle, which means that mark protection will only be given by registration. The marks registration can be done through both national and international registration. The Madrid Protocol is an international marks registration within Madrid System, which is one of several international marks registration systems in the world. Indonesia now is still studying the benefits and detriments that would be reached if it joined in the Madrid Protocol. The research found that, first; the Madrid Protocol has both advantages and disadvan­tages. Second; Indonesia would gain much benefit by joining in this system. However, many things should be prepared well in order to minimize the detriment that would occur.

  19. Synoptic conditions leading to extremely high temperatures in Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, R.; Prieto, L.; Hernandez, E.; Teso, T. del [Dept. Fisica de la Tierra II, Fac. CC. Fisicas, Univ. Camplutense de Madrid (Spain); Diaz, J. [Centro Universitario de Salud Publica, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2002-02-01

    Extremely hot days (EHD) in Madrid have been analysed to determine the synoptic patterns that produce EHDs during the period of 1955-1998. An EHD is defined as a day with maximum temperature higher than 36.5 C, a value which is the threshold for the intense effects on mortatility and it coincides with the 95 percentile of the series. Two different situations have been detected as being responsible for an EHD occurrence, one more dynamical, produced by southern fluxes, and another associated with a stagnation situation over Iberia of a longer duration. Both account for 92% of the total number of days, thus providing an efficient classification framework. A circulation index has been derived to characterise and forecast an EHD occurrence. This paper shows that EHD occur in Madrid during short duration events, and no long heat waves, like those recorded in other cities, are present. Additionally, no clear pattern can be detected in the EHD frequency; the occurrence is tied to changes in the summer location of the Azores high. (orig.)

  20. Assessment of noise exposure during commuting in the Madrid subway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabacchi, M; Pavón, I; Ausejo, M; Asensio, C; Recuero, M

    2011-09-01

    Because noise-induced hearing impairment is the result not only of occupational noise exposure but also of total daily noise exposure, it is important to take the non-occupational exposure of individuals (during commuting to and from their jobs, at home, and during recreational activities) into account. Mass transit is one of the main contributors to non-occupational noise exposure. We developed a new methodology to estimate a representative commuting noise exposure. The methodology was put into practice for the Madrid subway because of all Spanish subway systems it covers the highest percentage of worker journeys (22.6%). The results of the application highlight that, for Madrid subway passengers, noise exposure level normalized to a nominal 8 hr (L(Ex,8h-cj) ) depends strongly on the type of train, the presence of squealing noise, and the public address audio system, ranging from 68.6 dBA to 72.8 dBA. These values play an important role in a more complete evaluation of a relationship between noise dose and worker health response.

  1. Synoptic conditions leading to extremely high temperatures in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. García

    Full Text Available Extremely hot days (EHD in Madrid have been analysed to determine the synoptic patterns that produce EHDs during the period of 1955–1998. An EHD is defined as a day with maximum temperature higher than 36.5°C, a value which is the threshold for the intense effects on mortatility and it coincides with the 95 percentile of the series. Two different situations have been detected as being responsible for an EHD occurrence, one more dynamical, produced by southern fluxes, and another associated with a stagnation situation over Iberia of a longer duration. Both account for 92% of the total number of days, thus providing an efficient classification framework. A circulation index has been derived to characterise and forecast an EHD occurrence. This paper shows that EHD occur in Madrid during short duration events, and no long heat waves, like those recorded in other cities, are present. Additionally, no clear pattern can be detected in the EHD frequency; the occurrence is tied to changes in the summer location of the Azores high.

    Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (Climatology; synoptic-scale meteorology; general or miscellaneous

  2. La estructura metálica del casino «Gran Madrid», Torrelodones/Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortiz Herrera, Jesús

    1982-08-01

    Full Text Available Described in this article is the structural solution in metal adopted in the upper levels of the building of the Casino «Gran Madrid». The principal deck pieces have been resolved in the form of triangulated trusses of elevated height slightly variable, with a triangulation system of simple Warren type. The supports of such beams are of ferruled neoprene. The Pratt disposition has been generally chosen for the other beams. The rest of the lintels, as likewise the supports, are formed by laminated outlines in their various forms.Se describe en este artículo la solución estructural metálica adoptada en los niveles superiores del edificio del Casino «Gran Madrid». Las piezas principales de cubierta se han resuelto en forma de vigas trianguladas de canto elevado, ligeramente variable, con un sistema de triangulación del tipo Warren simple. Los apoyos de dichas vigas son de neopreno zunchado. La disposición Pratt ha sido la comúnmente escogida para las demás vigas. El resto de los dinteles, así como los soportes, están formados por perfiles laminados en sus distintas variantes.

  3. Madrid 2012 project evaluation under a market perspective: An exploration of possibilities and opportunities for improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RICARDO GIMENO NOGUÉS

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Madrid has never been so close to the organization of the Olympic Games since April 24, 1966 when Madrid lose against Munich to organize the Olympic Games of 1972. When organizing the Olympic Games, it is necessary to bear in mind not only infrastructures and sport venues, but also the opportunity for improving the quality of life and the community image abroad. In the present work, the Madrid Olympic Project presented to the Olympic International Committee in order to be elected to host the 2012 Summer Olympic Games is evaluated using a market orientation that takes into account the citizens” long term social welfare.

  4. The Universidad Complutense of Madrid meteor and fireball patrol station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Gallego, J.; Ocaña, F.; Sanchez de Miguel, A.; Izquierdo, J.; Manjavacas, E.; Ponce, R.; Garcia, L.; Saez, G.; Ramirez, P.

    2011-11-01

    The Universidad Complutense of Madrid (UCM) has recently installed a high sensitivity video system to detect meteors. It is intended to study the entry in our atmosphere of interplanetary particles of mass greater than a gram. The station, not fully equipped yet, is a node of the national Spanish Fireball Network (SPMN) and includes cameras located at the Astronomical Observatory (Physics building) and others distributed around. The system has been automated to detect and record meteors only when the atmospheric conditions are good enough. Undergraduate and graduate physics students have collaborated to develop, install and test the system. Detections which are bright enough to drop a meteorite are analyzed using double station observations with the cameras of the SPMN nodes around Spain to determine their atmospheric paths, origin and landing area.

  5. NAO influence on extreme winter temperatures in Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prieto, L.; Garcia, R.; Hernandez, E.; Teso, T. del [Dept. Fisica de la Tierra II, Fac. CC. Fisicas, Univ. Complutense de Madrid (Spain); Diaz, J. [Centro Universitario de Salud Publica, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2002-12-01

    Extremely cold days (ECDs), with minimum temperatures lower than -4.6 C, have been analysed for Madrid. This threshold corresponds to the 5th percentile of the period 1963-1999. Adopting a case analysis approach, five synoptic patterns have been identified that produce these extremely low temperatures. Three of them are associated with cold air flows over the Iberian Peninsula, and the other two with a lack of significant circulation over the region. A non-linear association with the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO) has been identified using log-linear models. The NAO positive phase leads to an increase in the winter frequency of those synoptic patterns associated with stagnant air flow over Iberia, while those characterised by cold, northern flows do not appear to be similarly influenced. (orig.)

  6. El Abasto de Pan en el Madrid del Siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El mercado del pan era el más importante de los mercados de abastos, pero también el que contaba con el más complejo sistema de intervención. Los objetivos de la política de abastos eran asegurar un suministro continuo a precios estables y moderados.Los instrumentos incluían la regulación de los precios del grano y el pan, la provisión directa a través del pósito municipal y, en el caso de la corte, el pan de registro. En este trabajo examinamos la política de tasas, las disposiciones del gobierno y el comportamiento de los precios del pan en Madrid y del trigo en los mercados de origen.

  7. Memoriales del atentado del 11 de Marzo en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Ortiz Garcia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Carmen Ortiz Garcia é Investigadora Cientifca do Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientifcas (CSIC, trabalha no Instituto de Lengua, Literatura y Antropologia, del Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (Madrid, onde integra o Grupo de Investigación Antropológica sobre Patrimonio y Culturas Populares (GIAP. O texto aqui apresentado fala do “Arquivo del Duelo” (“Arquivo da Dor”, cuja fnalidade é documentar em arquivo e analisar as demonstraç8es de dor que tiveram lugar após os atentados de 11 de Março em Madrid. O arquivo persegue um objectivo duplo: por um lado, contribuir para a construção da memória, incorporando as demonstrações de dor, cujo carácter efémero e anónimo as torna perecíveis, oferecendo à sociedade a possibilidade de conservar exemplos individuais e colectivos de manifestações de dor.Carmen Ortiz Garcia is a Science Researcher at the Superior Council for Science Research (CSIC, works at the Language, Literature and Anthropology Institute, from the Human and Social Sciences Centre, where she´s a part of the Group for Anthropological Research on Heritage and Popular Culture (GIAP. The following text speaks of the “Arquivo del Duelo” (“Archive of Grieve”, whose fnal purpose is to document and analyse the demonstrations of pain, whose ephemeral and anonymous character makes perishable, ofering to the society the possibility to conserve individual and colective examples of grief demonstrations.

  8. Nueva área terminal del aeropuerto Madrid-Barajas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamela, Carlos

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The new Terminal Area for Madrid-Barajas is now developing such an intenses works to execution. The 470,000 m2 Terminal is the centrepiece of an ambitious construction programme which will completely transform the existing airport with three new runways (one already in operation, new access roads, an extension to the Metro (with service direct to the new city centre transport interchange that will include airline check-in facilities, a rail connection, new multi-storey parking for 9000 cars and a midfield satellite (of a further 275,000 m2 linked to the terminal by a and a tracked transit system in a tunnel with space for the automated Baggage Handling system as well as vehicle access.La nueva Area Terminal del aeropuerto de Madrid-Barajas se encuentra ahora en pleno desarrollo de los trabajos. La Terminal de 470.000 m2 es el objeto de mayor interés de un ambicioso programa de construcción que transformará completamente el aeropuerto actual, con tres nuevas pistas (una ya en funcionamiento, nuevas carreteras de acceso, ampliación de la red del Metro (con servicio directo al nuevo intercambiador de pasajeros del centro de la ciudad, que incluirá instalaciones de facturación, conexión con la vía férrea, un nuevo estacionamiento en varios niveles para 9.000 coches y un satélite (de otros 275.000 m2, unido a la terminal mediante un sistema de transporte sobre railes, en un túnel con espacio para el sistema automatizado de Tratamiento de Equipajes así como acceso para vehículos.

  9. THE CHALLENGE OF CIEMAT INTERNAL DOSIMETRY SERVICE FOR ACCREDITATION ACCORDING TO ISO/IEC 17025 STANDARD, FOR IN VIVO AND IN VITRO MONITORING AND DOSE ASSESSMENT OF INTERNAL EXPOSURES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, M A; Martin, R; Hernandez, C; Navarro, J F; Navarro, T; Perez, B; Sierra, I

    2016-09-01

    The accreditation of an Internal Dosimetry Service (IDS) according to ISO/IEC 17025 Standard is a challenge. The aim of this process is to guarantee the technical competence for the monitoring of radionuclides incorporated in the body and for the evaluation of the associated committed effective dose E(50). This publication describes the main accreditation issues addressed by CIEMAT IDS regarding all the procedures involving good practice in internal dosimetry, focussing in the difficulties to ensure the traceability in the whole process, the appropriate calculation of detection limit of measurement techniques, the validation of methods (monitoring and dose assessments), the description of all the uncertainty sources and the interpretation of monitoring data to evaluate the intake and the committed effective dose.

  10. Plant chromatin warms up in Madrid: meeting summary of the 3rd European Workshop on Plant Chromatin 2013, Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarillo, José A; Gaudin, Valérie; Hennig, Lars; Köhler, Claudia; Piñeiro, Manuel

    2014-04-01

    The 3rd European Workshop on Plant Chromatin (EWPC) was held on August 2013 in Madrid, Spain. A number of different topics on plant chromatin were presented during the meeting, including new factors mediating Polycomb Group protein function in plants, chromatin-mediated reprogramming in plant developmental transitions, the role of histone variants, and newly identified chromatin remodeling factors. The function of interactions between chromatin and transcription factors in the modulation of gene expression, the role of chromatin dynamics in the control of nuclear processes and the influence of environmental factors on chromatin organization were also reported. In this report, we highlight some of the new insights emerging in this growing area of research, presented at the 3rd EWPC.

  11. Analysis of 31.4GHz Atmospheric Noise Temperature Measurements at Madrid Deep Space Communications Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shambayati, S.; Keihm, S.

    1998-01-01

    The atmospheric noise temperature at 31.4GHz was measured at NASA's Deep Space Communications Complex at Madrid from September 1990 to December 1996 excluding February 1991 and May 1992 using a Water Vapor Radiometer.

  12. Retrato de estudio. Niña de primera Comunión. Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Company

    2010-01-01

    1 fot.; papel; imagen 17,7 x 23,8 cm. - Retrato de estudio. Niña de primera Comunión. Madrid. (Gelatina D. O. P. mate montada sobre cartulina, medida total 17,7 x 23,8. Sello troquelado e impreso del fotógrafo con letras doradas en ángulo superior izquierdo de cartulina: Company Fotog., 29, Fuencarral - Madrid"). - Procedencia: fondo Miguel de Unamuno. - Buena Conservación.

  13. Wild food plants traditionallly used in the province of Madrid, Central Spain.

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Valverde, Ramón; Tardío, Javier; Pascual, Higinio

    2005-01-01

    [ES]PLANTAS SILVESTRES ALIMENTARIAS USADAS TRADICIONALMENTE EN LA PROVINCIA DE MADRID, CENTRO DE ESPAN˜ A. En este trabajo se exponen los resultados obtenidos en un estudio etnobota´nico, realizado entre 1999 y 2002, sobre las plantas silvestres usadas tradicionalmente en la alimentacio ´n en la regio´n de Madrid, en el centro de Espan˜a. Se ha registrado el uso de 123 especies vasculares, pertenecientes a 31 familias, incluyendo verduras, frutos silvestres, plantas utilizadas ...

  14. Gymkhana Matemática para estudiantes universitarios por la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Dolores López González

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge la experiencia del Grupo de Innovación Educativa(GIE “Pensamiento Matemático” de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid(UPM en la realización de una Gymkhana Matemática por el campus deMoncloa en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid que tuvo lugar el 30 de septiembre de 2011.

  15. Ancestry analysis in the 11-M Madrid bomb attack investigation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Phillips

    Full Text Available The 11-M Madrid commuter train bombings of 2004 constituted the second biggest terrorist attack to occur in Europe after Lockerbie, while the subsequent investigation became the most complex and wide-ranging forensic case in Spain. Standard short tandem repeat (STR profiling of 600 exhibits left certain key incriminatory samples unmatched to any of the apprehended suspects. A judicial order to perform analyses of unmatched samples to differentiate European and North African ancestry became a critical part of the investigation and was instigated to help refine the search for further suspects. Although mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA and Y-chromosome markers routinely demonstrate informative geographic differentiation, the populations compared in this analysis were known to show a proportion of shared mtDNA and Y haplotypes as a result of recent gene-flow across the western Mediterranean, while any two loci can be unrepresentative of the ancestry of an individual as a whole. We based our principal analysis on a validated 34plex autosomal ancestry-informative-marker single nucleotide polymorphism (AIM-SNP assay to make an assignment of ancestry for DNA from seven unmatched case samples including a handprint from a bag containing undetonated explosives together with personal items recovered from various locations in Madrid associated with the suspects. To assess marker informativeness before genotyping, we predicted the probable classification success for the 34plex assay with standard error estimators for a naïve Bayesian classifier using Moroccan and Spanish training sets (each n = 48. Once misclassification error was found to be sufficiently low, genotyping yielded seven near-complete profiles (33 of 34 AIM-SNPs that in four cases gave probabilities providing a clear assignment of ancestry. One of the suspects predicted to be North African by AIM-SNP analysis of DNA from a toothbrush was identified late in the investigation as Algerian in origin. The

  16. Casa consistorial en Pinto. Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Palomeque, Gerardo

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available All the basical principles in which was founded the building design and execution of the New Town-Hall in Pinto-Madrid are described and commented in this article. The singularity of the building correspond to an integrated action of all the aesthetical, environmental, functional and constructive conditionings (it is about the enlargement of the existant little Town-Hall and simultaneously, to an attempt to reach, through its design, the needed climatic control of the indoors. This is the fundamental characteristic of the so called bioclimatic Architecture from which this building is the most representative contemporary work built in Spain. In the same way it is described the scheme of its performances as an autoregulation system of the environmental parametres within a convenient situation stable in time. The building obtain almost all the heat energy from a collector wall, of Trombe type, placed in the southern fagade and it is supported by a heat pump impulsion system, and it stores all the exceeding energy produced in favourable periods in a great gravel accumulator located under the floor of the basement.

    En el presente artículo se describen y comentan todos aquellos principios básicos en que se fundamentó el proyecto y la ejecución de las Obras de la Nueva Casa Consistorial del Ayuntamiento de Pinto (Madrid. La singularidad del edificio se debe a que se trata de dar en él una respuesta integrada ante todos los condicionantes estéticos, medioambientales, funcionales y constructivos (se trata de la ampliación del pequeño Ayuntamiento existente, con simultaneidad al intento de lograr, por su propio diseño, el necesario control climático interior. Esta es la característica fundamental de la llamada Arquitectura Bioclimática, de la que este edificio es la muestra contemporánea más importante realizada en España. Asimismo se describe su esquema de funcionamiento como un sistema capaz de autorregular sus par

  17. Complejo parroquial de Santa Ana, en Moratalaz, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisac, Miguel

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available This church is sited at Moratalaz, a modern district of low rent houses in Madrid, and the architect has attempted to represent in the design the liturgical concepts developed in the Vatican II Council. These precise ideas have been expressed in the architecture by means of highly plastic symbols. In addition, the planform is very functional and the reinforced and prestressed concrete have been almost the only material used: so that the construction medium is also in accord with the modern nature of the design. The shapes, the space arrangement and everything which might seem a capricious creation of the artist in fact are the result of a detailed analysis of function and reason.Este complejo parroquial se ha levantado en Moratalaz, que es un barrio popular de la capital de España, procurando imprimir y recoger todas las premisas litúrgicas marcadas por el Concilio Vaticano II. El arquitecto ha plasmado sus precisas ideas en un edificio de gran expresividad plástica y de planta orgánica y eficaz, utilizando, casi exclusivamente, un material de nuestro tiempo: hormigón armado y pretensado. Las formas, la disposición de espacios y todo cuanto puede parecer caprichosa creación del artista, no son, en realidad, sino resultado de un cuidadoso estudio de funcionalismo racional y utilitario.

  18. Edificio "IBM avenida de América" Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayarre, Salvador

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available The very actual subject of the "smart builgings", as those that incorporate Information technologie elements to be able for the avanced services performances, is the theme of this work about the IBM building in Madrid, that has been thought to help the persons that work behind it or that have any relations hip with the enterprise. The main architectural characteristics systems and services are described, including perspectives and drawings to make easier the comprehension of the proyect.

    El tema muy actual de los "edificios inteligentes", es decir, los que incorporan elementos de las Tecnologías de la Información que los capaciten para la prestación de servicios avanzados, es tratado en el presente artículo referido a un magnífico edificio madrileño, concebido para ayudar al individuo, tanto a las personas que trabajan en él como a aquellas que mantienen relación con IBM España. Se sintetizan en el artículo las características arquitectónicas del edificio y se describen los sistemas y servicios más importantes, incluyéndose las plantas y perspectivas que permiten al lector tener una idea del conjunto.

  19. Madrid-Sevilla desde su implantación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Pilar González Yanci

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El ferrocarril de alta velocidad ha supuesto la última gran transformación de este medio de transporte, que, en sus inicios, fue uno de los elementos clave de la Revolución Industrial. La primera línea española Madrid-Sevilla, con 13 años de funcionamiento, permite analizar la evolución del tráfico generado y la incidencia que tiene en las ciudades a las que sirve, que, con una fuerte componente espacial y urbanística, afecta en gran medida a la población y, por consiguiente, a la actividad económica desarrollada. El diferente tamaño y peso en la jerarquía urbana de las cinco ciudades, muy diversas, así como el grado de transformación respecto al anterior ferrocarril, dan lugar a distintas situaciones en cada caso, resultando tanto mayor la incidencia cuanto mayor ha sido el volumen de infraestructuras construidas, pero resultando siempre motor de desarrollo de nuevo tejido urbano y nuevas actividades, así como posibilitando el cambio de uso del suelo en los espacios liberados por traslado de instalaciones.

  20. Auditorio Nacional de Música, Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García de Paredes, J. M.

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Several months after the inauguration of The National Auditorium, GARCIA-BBM, S. A. have carried out readings to establish the acoustic characteristics of Hall A. With the recent installation of a 5700 pipe organ ~one of the largest Instruments in the world, the work of Gerhard Grenzing a specialist in this field— the architectonic and acoustic profile of the National Auditorium of Music has been culminated. This report refers, among other things, to the values of the different attributes that characterize this Hall's acoustics, including the traditional methods and the most advanced technology used to define the acoustic quality of this type of installation.

    El Auditorio Nacional, transcurridos varios meses de rodaje del edificio, GARCIA-BBM, S. A. ha realizado unas medidas dirigidas a establecer las características acústicas de la Sala A del citado Auditorio. Con la reciente instalación de un órgano de 5.700 tubos — uno de los instrumentos más grandes del mundo, obra del especialista Gertiard Grenzing— se culmina el perfil arquitectónico y acústico del Auditorio Nacional de Madrid. El presente informe recoge, entre otros, los valores de los distintos atributos que caracterizan la acústica de la Sala, tanto los tradicionales como los más avanzados utilizados actualmente como definidores de la calidad acústica de un recinto.

  1. Microsporidiosis in HIV-positive children in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Aguila, C; Navajas, R; Gurbindo, D; Ramos, J T; Mellado, M J; Fenoy, S; Muñoz Fernandez, M A; Subirats, M; Ruiz, J; Pieniazek, N J

    1997-01-01

    A prospective study was carried out to determine the prevalence rates of microsporidiosis and other enteroparasites in HIV-positive children in the Madrid area. HIV-positive pediatric patients from three hospitals were enrolled in the study. A total of 293 samples (158 stool and 127 urine) were collected from 83 children whose mean age was 6.3 years and had a mean CD4 count of 504.7/mm3 (range 1-2,220/mm3), 48 of whom suffered diarrhea at the time of the study. Microsporidia identification was investigated in stool and urine samples using Weber's chromotrope-based stain, IIF and PCR species-specific tests. Enteric parasites were identified in 32.5% of the children. Cryptosporidium sp. was the most common parasite encountered (14.4%), followed by Blastocytis sp. (9.6%) and Giardia duodenalis (8.4%). Microsporidia was only found in the stools of one child (1.2% of total and 2% of those with diarrhea) and Enterocytozoon bieneusi was demonstrated by PCR. The patient was 10 years old, presented non-chronic diarrhea and his CD4 count was 298/mm3. These data differ from those previously reported by us in HIV-positive adults (13.9%) in the same area, although this group showed more severely depressed CD4 lymphocyte counts than children. New epidemiological studies should be carried out to elucidate whether additional risk factors exist between these groups.

  2. La imagen alfonsina del Palacio Real de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Sancho

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available A finales del siglo XIX el Palacio Real de Madrid sufrió una reforma que supuso un cambio importante en el aspecto interior de esta residencia real. En 1879 y con el segundo matrimonio de Alfonso XII como causa inmediata, la decoración se puso al servicio de una escenografía monárquica bastante diferente a la isabelina. Los cambios no fueron en absoluto puntuales, sino que respondieron a una campaña global y pensada de una vez, cuyas cabezas más destacadas fueron el arquitecto mayor de Palacio, José Segundo de Lema, y el conde de Valencia de Don Juan como asesor histórico-artístico, y que estaba en perfecto acuerdo con el momento político y el gusto de su momento. La restauración alfonsina, ya consolidada, exigía una imagen oficial de la monarquía en la cual el lujo inherente a la representación no podía quedar encerrado en perpetuar la pompa dieciochesca, según había señalado un publicista tan notable como Galdós.

  3. Bioclimatic buildings of 16 houses in Pozuelo de Alarcon (Madrid); Edificio bioclimatico de 16 viviendas de promocion publica pra jovenes en Pozuelo de Alarcon. (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanez, G.; Yanez-Lopez del Amo, L.

    2004-07-01

    We present in this article a housing building for young people recently built for the Autonomous Administration of Madrid in Pozuelo de Alarcon in which have been applied some bioclimatic and energy efficiency techniques. In this communication are described the main architectural features and are exposed some of the estimated results of energy saving and reduction of Co2. (Author)

  4. The CSN hosts the Second International Conference on Nuclear Security in Madrid; El CSN acoge en Madrid la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Seguridad Fisica Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scialdone Garcia, A.

    2016-08-01

    The second International Conference on Nuclear Security was held in Madrid between May 9th and 13th last. The acting Minister of the Interior announced that the number of officers of the Guardia Civil watching over the Spanish nuclear power plants will be doubled. (Author)

  5. Scientific overview and historical context of the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquake sequence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Hough

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The central and eastern United States has experienced only 5 historic earthquakes with Mw 7.0, four during the New Madrid sequence of 1811-1812: three principal mainshocks and the so-called «dawn aftershock» following the first mainshock. Much of the historic earthquake research done in the United States has focused on the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ, because the largest New Madrid earthquakes may represent the archetype for the most damaging earthquakes to be expected in intraplate regions. Published magnitude values ranging from 7.0 to 8.75 have generally been based on macroseismic effects, which provide the most direct constraint on source size for the events. Critical to the interpretation of these accounts is an understanding of their historic context. Early settlments clustered along waterways, where substantial amplification of seismic waves is expected. Analyzing the New Madrid intensity values with a consideration of these effects yields preferred values of Mw 7.2-7.3, 7.0, and 7.4-7.5 for the December, January, and February mainshocks, respectively, and of 7.0 for the «dawn aftershock». These values are consistent with other lines of evidence, including scaling relationships. Finally, I show that accounts from the New Madrid sequence reveal evidence for remotely triggered earthquakes well outside the NMSZ. Remotely triggered earthquakes represent a potentially important new wrinkle in historic earthquake research, as their ground motions can sometimes be confused with mainshock ground motions.

  6. Una alabarda procedente del valle del Manzanares (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel de BLAS CORTINA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se estudia una alabarda metálica procedente —sin datos precisos de su localización— del valle del Manzanares (Madrid. Posiblemente apareciera con otros materiales (¿puntas Palmela?, pero el hecho no pudo ser comprobado. Fundida en un molde monovalvo que proporciona un acabado homogéneo a una sola de las caras, se integra metalúrgicamente en el grupo E 01 (cobres arsenicales propio de la Península Ibérica durante el Calcolítico y el Bronce Antiguo. Tipológicamente puede ser clasificada como integrante del grupo Carrapatas al que pertenecen un conjunto de alabardas procedentes del N.E. de Portugal (Bragança y Tras os Montes del que se conocen escasos testimonios fuera del área característica. Especialmente significativo es el hallazgo de la finca de la Paloma (Pantoja, Toledo que muestra la asociación entre las alabardas Carrapatas y elementos propios del campaniforme tardío de España y Portugal, circunstancia que permite fechar el tipo entre el 1700-1500 a. de J.C., datación similar a las fechas admitidas para las alabardas irlandesas con las que algunos autores ven posibles relaciones. La existencia de alabardas grabadas en estelas más tardías o en rocas al aire libre plantea el problema de su perduración. No obstante, el carácter simbólico de las armas grabadas puede hacer que sea solamente la imagen representada la que superviva, aunque el arma como tal haya perdido vigencia. La alabarda del Manzanares, junto con las de Pantoja, señala la presencia en la Meseta Sur de elementos metalúrgicos propios del N.W. de la Península en un momento sincrónico con las fases finales del campaniforme.ABSTRACT: We study a metallic halberd found in an indeterminate place in the valley of the river Manzanares (Madrid. It might have appeared with other materials (Palmela Points?, although this fact could not be confirmed. Made in a single-faced mould which allows a homogeneous finish to only one of the sides, it belongs from

  7. [Psychoactive drugs and costs in the Madrid III (Valdemoro) prison].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algora-Donoso, I; Varela-González, O

    2008-01-01

    Annual pharmaceutical expenditures in prisons increases dramatically and the rising costs of psychoactive drugs have especially contributed to this. These drugs are often prescribed in order to find therapeutic uses in the field of personality disorders, addictions, and dysfunctional behaviours that are not included in the authorized indications (compassionate use). This study has enabled a detailed description of the use of psychoactive drugs at the Madrid III prison, a centre with one of the lowest levels of pharmaceutical expenditure in this autonomous community. During a two-week period, all prescriptions of psychoactive drugs were collected and registered along with data of several possible conditioning factors. 20.5% of the population was receiving some kind of psychoactive drug; 76% of those inmates undergoing treatment were receiving one or two substances; 65% were taking anxiolytics, 38% antidepressants and 27% antipsychotics. The total amount of psychoactive drugs consumed was 9,840 defined daily doses, 46% of which were anxiolytics, 17% antidepressants and 14% antipsychotics. The total cost of the fortnight's treatment was euros 5,379 with a saving of euro 611 due to requesting and selecting offers carried out by the pharmacist. 72% of the costs were spent on anti-psychotics and the newer psychoactive drugs, representing 66% of the prescriptions, accounted for 98% of expenditure. The prescriber was one of the key influential factors over the amount, type and cost of the treatments. There are signs that compassionate use of current antipsychotics and antiepileptics, and newer antidepressants are a main cause of the dramatic increase in the costs, with cost-efficiency not always clearly demonstrated. These results are not an isolated fact restricted only to prisons, as demonstrated by consumption data published by the National Health System in the same year.

  8. Las torres Puerta de Europa, Madrid-España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domínguez del Castillo, Tomás

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available The functionality is the main aspect of the urban area of the twin towers located at the end of the "Paseo de la Castellana" (Madrid. With a tilting of 15º over the vertical and crossing directions, such architectonic area is detached for its place and design of facilities and installations. The structural system is very complex due to the high technology applied for its construction, what made very difficult the ending of project. The "Puerta de Europa" towers will be used for office rental and they are (due to the structural system and quality of construction materials used one of the most important buildings due to not only to the quality of materials and design, but also due to their security and control centralized systems.

    La funcionalidad preside el conjunto urbanístico formado por las dos torres situadas al final del Paseo de la Castellana. Con una inclinación de 15º sobre su vertical y hacia un punto común, dicho conjunto arquitectónico destaca, sobre todo, por su ubicación, diseño de instalaciones y servicios. Se destaca la complejidad de su sistema estructural que, unida a la alta tecnología empleada en su construcción, dificultaron la consecución del proyecto. Las torres Puerta de Europa, destinadas al alquiler de oficinas, son unos edificios cuya terminación -con la diversidad de materiales constructivos empleados- constituye, en sí misma, una de las de más alta calidad del momento, con sistemas de control y seguridad centralizados e integrados.

  9. El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández-Mayoralas Fernández, Gloria

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the residential environment and its perception by the elderly people ageing in place in Madrid, to obtain a better knowledge of the elements to modify in order to increase their satisfaction. The Censo de Población y Vivienda (1991 and the Survey Ageing in Place (1998 are used. In general terms, old people live in old houses, as owners, not crowded but with lack of facilities. These people have been living for a long time in the same neighbourhood, an environment affected by the problems characteristic of big cities, and are integrated in the neighbour by means of activities requiring not to much physical or financial effort. Residential lacks affect mainly to that groups with social and economic vulnerability: female, lower income and educational level, worse health status,... So, two out ten aged people would move mainly due to the negative conditions of habitability, adaptation and facilities. Moreover, reasons for not moving are related to the force of habit, the memories, or consequence of age, bad health or less resources.

    [es] El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid. El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar el ámbito residencial de los mayores que envejecen en su casa y la percepción que tienen sobre este medio, para obtener un mejor conocimiento de los aspectos que deberían modificarse a fin de incrementar su satisfacción. Las fuentes utilizadas son el Censo de Población y Vivienda de 1991 y la Encuesta Envejecer en Casa de 1998. A grandes rasgos, los viejos madrileños viven en casas viejas, de las que son propietarios, sin problemas de hacinamiento pero con carencias dotacionales. Durante la mayor parte de su vida adulta han residido en el mismo barrio, un entorno que actualmente está afectado por los problemas propios de las grandes ciudades, y en el que se integran socialmente mediante actividades que no requieren demasiado esfuerzo físico o monetario. Las deficiencias

  10. NATIONAL AND SUB-NATIONAL OFFSHORING IMPACT ON EMPLOYMENT: AN APPLICATION TO MADRID REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángeles Tobarra Gómez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The effect of delocalization on a national economy has been widely studied, however subnational delocalization remains as an unvisited field for researchers. This paper studies the effects of fragmentation and the subsequent localization outside or abroad on the level of industrial and services employment in Madrid region. We work with Madrid data from regional input-output tables and estimate a labour demand function using panel data. Our results show a significant and small negative effect on regional employment of intra-industrial inputs from the national economy and abroad, while imported inputs from other sectors and origins are complementary to employment, resulting in a positive net effect on employment. The increasing specialization in main activities and the use of external providers by firms have a positive impact on the employment of Madrid region.

  11. Seroprevalence of toxocariasis in children and adults in Madrid and Tenerife, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenoy, S; Cuellar, C; Guillen, J L

    1996-06-01

    A study on the seroprevalence of toxocariasis, using ELISA with Toxocara larval excretory-secretory antigens, was carried out on human populations in two regions of Spain. Sera from a population of 195 children from Madrid and 143 children from Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Isles), showed a prevalence of 0% and 4.2% respectively. Sera from a population of 272 adults from Madrid and 803 adults from Santa Cruz de Tenerife showed a prevalence of 3.6% and 17.4%. Reasons for these differences in the seroprevalence of Toxocara in the different age groups from the two regions are discussed.

  12. Potenciación del turismo gastronómico en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Aparicio, Sira Martín-Peñasco

    2016-01-01

    La gastronomía como poder de atracción y motivación para que los turistas, tanto nacionales como internacionales, visiten la Comunidad de Madrid. Incentivando el conocimiento de los productos gastronómicos locales y al mismo tiempo sus recursos turísticos, una nueva forma de turismo complementaria al otro tipo de turismo. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es presentar unas medidas para potenciar e impulsar la gastronomía de la Comunidad de Madrid, redefiniendo este recurso turístico co...

  13. Escenarios de guerra: paseando por Madrid a través de su memoria

    OpenAIRE

    Cabañas Bravo, Miguel; Murga Castro, Idoia; Gaitán Salinas, Carmen; Mateo Leivas, Lidia; Haro García, Noemí de; Moreno Martín, Francisco José

    2015-01-01

    La actividad "Escenarios de Guerra. Paseando por Madrid a través de su memoria" se organiza en el marco de la XV Semana de la Ciencia (2015) con el objetivo de difundir los resultados de las investigaciones llevadas a cabo por los proyectos de investigación de I+D+i "50 años de arte en el Siglo de Plata español (1931-1981)" (HAR2014-53871-P) y "Madrid 1936-1939: capital, frente, retaguardia y ciudad en guerra" (HAR2014-52065-P). En ella se proponen tres itinerarios por los lugares más ...

  14. Arquitectura escolar en España : 1857-1936 : Madrid como paradigma

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Javier RODRÍGUEZ MÉNDEZ

    2004-01-01

    Esta tesis doctoral presentada en la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, E.T.S. Arquitectura , Departamento de Composición Arquitectónica en 2004, analiza la evolución de la arquitectura escolar en España, en los siglos XIX y XX, centrandose especialmente en Madrid. Los escritos de arquitectura escolar debidos a Giner y Cossio constituyen un corpus de gran originalidad que fue el germen de las Instrucciones técnico-higiénicas sucesivas. La propuesta de edificio para la Institución en el Paseo...

  15. Americans city and countryside seen from the Council of the Indies in Madrid (1570-1650

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Gaudin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available How Madrid administration, i.e. the Council of the Indies, considered urban and rural areas in America? From classical sources (the Ordenanzas of 1573 and Relaciones geográficas of 1577 and unpublished (the work and papers of the clerk of the Council of the Indies, Juan Díez de la Calle, we understand the importance of the city as a place of dominance over the countryside and implementation of royal power thanks to the presence of the representatives of the Crown nominated in Madrid. The city, with its officers and priests, obsesses while the field in the background is only seen as a resource

  16. The Madrid Royal Schools of St. Elisabeth and Loreto according Constitutions of 1715 and 1718

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz COMELLA GUTIÉRREZ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto were founded by Philip II at the end of 16th Century. Both institutions provided education for orphan girls. They still exist as Catholic coeducational schools granted by the Education Department. These two Schools were Royal Sponsorship belonging to Palace ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The Schools Constitutions sanctioned by Philip V have been preserved until now. Although these Schools have a parallel history, the mentioned Constitutions are completely different for each School. According to these Norms, the Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto have many differences between them.

  17. Arte público y espacio urbano. Área metropolitana de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    La investigación analiza el Arte Público desarrollado en el Área Metropolitana de Madrid, desde su creación en el año 1963 hasta el 2008. El 1er Capítulo explora el concepto de «arte público», desde sus precedentes (siglo XVIII) hasta la actualidad (2008), comparando el panorama nacional e internacional occidental con el panorama madrileño. El 2º Capítulo muestra la configuración territorial y el desarrollo urbano del Área Metropolitana de Madrid, examinando los proyectos artísticos más rel...

  18. La civilización como modelo de vida en el Madrid del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez Barrientos, Joaquín

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available In this chapter, the author approaches the social changes, both urban and rural, that Madrid sustained during the 18th century and which resulted in new manners and customs. It is a study of how civilization entered the Ancient Régime.

    Este trabajo es un acercamiento a los cambios sociales, urbanos y rurales, que se dieron en el Madrid del siglo XVIII desde el punto de vista de las nuevas costumbres: un estudio de cómo penetró la civilización en el Antiguo Régimen.

  19. Paso elevado sobre línea ferroviaria en Coslada (Madrid)

    OpenAIRE

    Nieto Sánchez, Isaac

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto desarrolla la construcción de un paso elevado sobre la línea ferroviaria en el municipio de Coslada, situado en la zona Este de la comunidad de Madrid. Dicha población se encuentra dividida por la línea de ferrocarril que conecta Madrid con Guadalajara y por la que circulan los trenes de cercanías de la línea C-2 y C-7. Esta línea ferroviaria supone una barrera en la correcta movilidad urbana, impidiendo el acceso entre los diferentes barrios del municipio. Los principales objet...

  20. Los orígenes del Moderno Madrid: El Ensanche Este (1860-1878)

    OpenAIRE

    Carballo Barral, Borja

    2007-01-01

    El Ensanche Este -actuales distritos de Salamanca y Retiro- surge al Este de Madrid a mediados del XIX como una alternativa residencial a una ciudad con graves problemas de hacinamiento poblacional. Un conjunto de promociones inmobiliarias. La puesta en marcha del Ensanche de la capital en 1860 intentará ordenar ese crecimiento; en el nuevo distrito urbano creado se expresarán las contradicciones de la evolución social de una ciudad, el Madrid de la segunda mitad del XIX, en que se combina un...

  1. Implicaciones del protocolo de Madrid en el derecho marcario de la comunidad andina de naciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Jesith Bernal Ramírez

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El Protocolo de Madrid de 27 de junio de 1989 es una herramienta útil para el registro internacional de marcas, pues es evidente que los países miembros del Protocolo tienen ventajas comparativas respecto a los otros que no son parte, esto en relación con el mejoramiento de la protección internacional de sus marcas. El artículo académico muestra de manera somera el procedimiento, las ventajas y desventajas del Protocolo de Madrid y su respectivo impacto en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones.

  2. Gentrificación en Madrid: de la burbuja a la crisis

    OpenAIRE

    García Pérez, Eva

    2014-01-01

    En paralelo a las dinámicas de explosión urbana en Madrid durante la década 1997-2007 también los procesos de gentrificación se profundizaron en el centro de Madrid. Este artículo describe dicho fenómeno en tres barrios del centro de la ciudad: Malasaña, Chueca y Lavapiés; aportando evidencias procedentes del estudio de los cambios en la estructura demográfica principalmente, pero también comercial, e inmobiliaria. El análisis muestra que efectivamente ha habido una profunda transformación ur...

  3. Bulgarian Workers in Madrid: Legal Position and Performance on the Job Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Markova

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the performance of illegal and legal Bulgarian immigrants on the Madrid job market, their propensity to integrate into the receiving society and their intention to return to Bulgaria. The performance of migrants is defined by their success in finding employment (and specifically by their first job and present job in the host country, by their competition with autochthonous workers for employment and by patterns of saving/ remittance sending. The article is based on a survey carried out in 2003/2004 on 202 Bulgarian immigrants residing in the Community of Madrid.

  4. Crisis teatral en Madrid durante el Trienio Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Cabezón, Rosalía

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the spring and summer of 1820, the Madrid City Hall systematically failed to comply with the Reglamento de Teatros dictated by the Regency in 1812. The directors of the two troupes, Bernardo Gil and Antonio González, attempted in vain to have the constitutional laws enforced. This provoked a serious crisis made worse by the fact that the spectators also showed a preference for other more political venues. The lack of response on the part of the local authorities led the directors to cancel performances for several days in August and to publish a Manifiesto explaining their decision. When, for the following season, the aldermen drew up a new set of regulations which once again contravened the Regency’s Regulations, Bernardo Gil proposed his own Proyecto de Reforma, dated en April of 1821. Apart from a comprehensive proposal for theatrer reform he advances sound arguments defending the actors’ rights as citizens who make an honest living in an honorable profession.El Ayuntamiento madrileño, en la primavera y verano de 1820, incumple sistemáticamente el Reglamento de Teatros aprobado por la Regencia en 1812, por lo cual los directores de las dos compañías cómicas, Bernardo Gil y Antonio González, efectuarán infructuosas gestiones a fin de que el Consistorio aplique las leyes constitucionales, lo que provoca una grave crisis teatral agudizada porque los espectadores prefieren acudir a otros recintos de carácter más político. Ante la falta de respuesta de las autoridades locales los directores suspenden las funciones durante unos días en el mes de agosto y publican un Manifiesto en el que justifican su postura. Para la temporada siguiente los regidores municipales elaboran una normativa que contraviene el ordenamiento teatral de la Regencia, de ahí que Bernardo Gil redacte un Proyecto de Reforma, fechado en abril de 1821, en el que además de una propuesta dramática integral defenderá con sólidos argumentos los derechos que

  5. Centro Princesa, en Madrid (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamela, A.

    1968-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a luxury commercial centre, in the very centre of Madrid, and within a high class residential zone. It occupies a whole block, facing four streets, and it includes a luxury hotel, apartments, shopping facilities, offices, car park, and the official headquarters of one of the most important Spanish travelling agencies. The outstanding feature of the «Centro Princesa» is the luxury hotel, which has 250 rooms, suits, social rooms, conventions halls, dance hall, bar, hairdressers saloon, sauna bath, shopping centre, restaurants and secondary services. The luxury flats occupy seven storeys of the central block, 15 apartments per story. Each of these has a sitting room, bedroom, bathroom and kitchen. The carpark, which can hold 300 cars, occupies four underground floor levels. This project is attractive because of its balanced spatial pattern, its clean outline and the quality of the materials, whilst the excellence of its internal appointment also contributes to its overall architectural merit.Este conjunto, situado en una zona residencial de primera categoría, está destinado a: hotel de lujo, apartamentos, locales comerciales, oficinas, aparcamientos de automóviles y a sede de la oficina-despacho central de una de las más importantes agencias de viaje españolas. Ocupa una manzana entera. La unidad predominante del «Centro Princesa» es un hotel de lujo, con 250 habitaciones, «suits», salones sociales, de actos y convenciones, sala de fiestas, bar americano, peluquerías, saunas, galería comercial, restaurantes y dependencias de servicio. Siete plantas del bloque central albergan los apartamentos de lujo, 15 por planta; el apartamento tipo consta de salón, cocina, dormitorio y baño. En cuatro de las plantas de sótano funciona un aparcamiento con capacidad para 300 automóviles. Atrae este conjunto, tanto por el acertado juego de volúmenes, y la limpieza de líneas y materiales —que muestra su composición estética—, como

  6. LA INVESTIGACIÓN CUALITATIVA Y LA PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD EN LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRIDE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Ángeles Gil Nebot

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se relata la experiencia de investigación cualitativa desarrollada por la Dirección General de Salud Pública de la Comunidad de Madrid, desde el año 1991 hasta la actualidad. La práctica de la investigación se estructura en dos áreas de trabajo: el «Sistema de Información Sociocultural de Salud» y el «Plan de investigación». El primero analiza lo que para la población madrileña significa la salud, los factores que en ella intervienen, el valor que le asignan y la importancia relativa en el conjunto de sus intereses. El segundo investiga aspectos concretos de los procesos de salud/enfermedad, identificados por los técnicos en el desarrollo de los programas de Salud Pública. Las poblaciones tienen sus propias representaciones mentales y modelos culturales sobre la salud, no siempre coincidentes con el discurso sanitario, que guían sus acciones de modo determinante. La mera constatación empírica de los hechos sociales se ha mostrado insuficiente para entender y ayudar a transformar los comportamientos humanos siendo, en este sentido, las cuestiones ideológicas y afectivas las que cobran una importancia relevante. La investigación estructural, mediante el uso de técnicas cualitativas, nos permite acercarnos al conocimiento de estas cuestiones, orientando las actuaciones de Educación Sanitaria y Promoción de la Salud. La información generada tiene como finalidad ser devuelta a los diversos sectores de población implicados, instituciones y profesionales del campo sanitario, social y educativo, así como a organizaciones vinculadas a la Promoción de la Salud, con la intención de generar cambios en las instituciones y desarrollos en los discursos sociales.

  7. The International Year of Astronomy at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Montes, D.; Hernán-Obispo, M.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.

    2011-11-01

    In this contribution we present a summary of the main activities organized at theUniversidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) during the the International year of Astronomy IYA 2009, with the collaboration of the Department of Astrophysics and the association of astronomy amateurs ASAAF-UCM.

  8. Analyzing Bilingual Teaching and Learning in Madrid, Spain: A Fulbright Scholar Collaborative Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerena, Linda; Ramírez-Verdugo, M. Dolores

    2014-01-01

    This study was carried out as an international cooperative research project supported by a Fulbright Scholar award to investigate attitudes and perceptions towards bilingual education, and to extract key findings on effective pedagogy in bilingual schools in the Region of Madrid, where expansion of bilingual programs has been rapidly increasing.…

  9. Pasarela metálica sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Borlado Olavarrieta, Ramiro

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available The footbridge over the C. N. Ill , Madrid-Valencia road, near Madrid, enables pedestrians to cross the motor road where the latter runs between Moratalaz and Vallecas, without impeding the road traffic. The adoption of an elevated pass is convenient, since at this section the road runs along a deep trench. The structure of the footpath is a continuous metallic box girder, resting on five rectangular metal supports, and two end concrete abutments. The total length of the bridge is 100 m, and the width of the platform is 2.40 m. The project took one month to complete.La pasarela sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia, en la autopista de acceso a Madrid, permite el paso de peatones entre los barrios de Moratalaz y Vallecas sin interferir el tráfico rodado. La solución de paso superior resulta conveniente, ya que la autopista discurre en trinchera en el lugar de ubicación de esta obra. La estructura está formada por una viga metálica continua de sección en cajón, apoyada sobre cinco soportes rectangulares metálicos y dos estribos de hormigón armado. La obra tiene una longitud total de aproximadamente 100 m y el ancho de la plataforma es de 2,40 metros. El plazo de realización de la obra ha sido de un mes aproximadamente.

  10. Terrorism in Two Cultures: Stress and Growth Following September 11 and the Madrid Train Bombings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steger, Michael F.; Frazier, Patricia A.; Zacchanini, Jose Luis

    2008-01-01

    In this study, we compared the prevalence of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth following the September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States and the March 11, 2004, Madrid, Spain train bombings. We also examined meaning in life as a correlate of posttrauma outcomes. A sample of midwestern college students (N = 188)…

  11. Paleontología del yacimiento de vertebrados Aragoniense de Casa Montero (Madrid)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    López Guerrero, P.; Oliver Pérez, A.; Álvarez Sierra, Á.; Paredes, G.; Hoek Ostende, van den L.W.; Peláez-Campomanes de Labra, P.

    2007-01-01

    This work gives preliminary information on the taxonomic determinations for the micromammal fossil material from the locality of exceptional preservation of Casa Montero (Madrid). The proposed taxonomic assignations have allowed the correlation of this fossil material with localities belonging to th

  12. Promoting Entrepreneurial Culture in the University: The Institutional Collaborative Model at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pablo, Isidro; Alfaro, Fernando; Rodriguez, Miriam; Valdes, Esperanza

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a case of collaboration between different types of public services and the private sector for the promotion of an entrepreneurial culture. This collaboration is achieved by means of a centre established and developed by the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, the Centro de Iniciativas Emprendedoras (the Centre for Entrepreneurial…

  13. Spanish melons (Cucumis melo L.) of the Madrid provenance: A unique germplasm reservoir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melon (Cucumis melo L.) landraces of the Madrid provenance, Spain, have received national distinction for their high fruit quality and sensorial attributes. More specifically, a unique array of Group Inodorus landraces have been continuously cultivated and conserved by farmers in the municipality o...

  14. Inclusive Education in Spain: Developing Characteristics in Madrid, Extremadura and Andalusia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermejo, Victor Santiuste; Castro, Florencio Vicente; Martinez, Francisco Miras; Gongora, David Padilla

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work is to analyse and communicate the "state of the art" in inclusive education for the Spanish communities of Madrid, Extremadura and Andalusia, as it is now more than 20 years since inclusive education was first adopted in Spain. The analysis is displayed in a twofold perspective: the basic standards inclusive…

  15. Habitos Alimentarios e Higiene Dental en una Poblacion Preescolar de Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafarga, R. Tarazona; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Nutriment habits and oral hygiene in a preschool population in Madrid were studied by stratification in public or private schools. Significant differences were found only with regard to consumption of fish. Vegetable and fruit consumption was low in both groups, but not statistically significant. (SH)

  16. The Making of a Feminist: Spaces of Self-Formation among Latina Immigrant Activists in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyrness, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the role and meaning of auto-formación (self-formation) in the making of feminist, activist identities among Latin American activist women in Madrid, Spain. I argue that auto-formación, a collective process of self-recovery and consciousness-raising that is shared by third world feminists around the world, allows migrant…

  17. Cultural Diversity in Compulsory Education: An Overview of the Context of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaurena, Ines Gil

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines educational practices in Spain and in particular Madrid. With this contextual frame as the starting point the following issues are discussed: the "official" conceptualization of cultural diversity, educational policies and resolutions related to cultural diversity, and school programs and resources facilitated by…

  18. Alternative Assessment in Engineering Language Education: The case of the Technical University of Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Pierce Mcmahon, Joana; Durán Escribano, María del Pilar; Ubeda Mansilla, Paloma

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a research project involving students from nine different engineering degrees at the Technical university of Madrid. The purpose of the project was to analyze the use of peer and self assessment and the students? attitudes toward alternative assessment procedures.

  19. Promotion of Social Entrepreneurship Through Public Services in the Madrid Region: Succesful Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Teresa Fernández Fernández

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the promotion of social entrepreneurship through the delivery of services in public business incubators in the Madrid region. The research is innovative since the implication of the public sector in boosting social entrepreneurship is quite new in Spain. Methodology starts with a literature revision of the factors conforming social entrepreneurship and focuses on networking. Then, social entrepreneurship presence and its promotion is analyzed both in the practices and services provided by the Madrid Development Agency in its “Madrid Emprende” incubation program and also through a survey addressed to the 113 firms hosted in its network of business incubators. Results of the survey show that social entrepreneurship is present as the main purpose of their activity in a majority of the firms, in their social products and services, in their social legal form supported by the public network and in some forms of public-private partnership promoted by the Madrid Business Incubators Network. Services provided by the public network show the quality, the added value and the know-how of the practices of the public program and have an impact in the efficient performance of the firms regarding social entrepreneurship and in the public-private alliances established for some social purposes.

  20. Racionalismo arquitectónico y diversidad moderna en el Madrid de 1925 a 1936

    OpenAIRE

    González Capitel, Antón

    2007-01-01

    Las calles de Madrid vieron nacer durante los años que preceden al estallido de la Guerra Civil arquitecturas del movimiento moderno caracterizadas por una interesante mezcla de estilos: los más importantes arquitectos eligieron el racionalismo, el expresionismo o el art-decó para expresar su modernidad en la capital.

  1. The Commodification of English in "Madrid, Comunidad Bilingüe": Insights from the CLIL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relaño Pastor, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes how multilingual education in the Madrid region has been addressed through the medium of Spanish/English content and language integrated learning (CLIL) bilingual programs, widely implemented in public schools of this region in the last decade. By adopting a critical interpretive perspective (Tollefson in "Language…

  2. [Modelling science. The ceroplastics of Ignacio Lacaba in the Colegio de Cirugía de San Carlos, Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morente, Maribel

    2016-01-01

    Models made of wax had enormous diffusion in the anatomical teaching of the 18th century. It transcended the borders of a science that impregnated with scientific knowledge the artistic expression of beauty. Based on this premise, the San Carlos Royal College of Surgery created in Madrid a large collection of anatomical models, which is currently maintained by the Javier Puerta Anatomy Museum in the School of Medicine at Madrid Complutense University. The collection began in 1786 with Ignacio Lacaba, the first dissector of the Surgery College of Madrid, whose artistic sensibility and deep knowledge of anatomy contributed and facilitated harmonization between the work of the wax sculptors and language and anatomical expression.

  3. SWFSC/MMTD/ETP: Stenella Abundance Research (STAR) 1998-2000, 2003, and 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Stenella Abundance Research Project (STAR) is a multi-year cetacean and ecosystem assessment study designed to assess the status of dolphin stocks which have...

  4. Contaminants in Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Eggs and Prey Items, Arizona, 1998-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This study documented concentrations and potential effects of organochlorine compounds and metals in addled eggs and potential prey of the endangered southwestern...

  5. Hunger and Food Insecurity in the Fifty States: 1998-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Ashley F.; Choi, Eunyoung

    Noting that the persistence of hunger and food insecurity in the United States is an issue of pressing social and public health concern, this study examined the magnitude and severity of hunger and food insecurity in U.S. households in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Data were obtained from the August 1998, April 1999, and…

  6. NELSWG Common Loon Contaminant Project: New York Field Report, 1998-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anthropogenic inputs of mercury into the environment have resulted in an increasing gradient of mercury from west to east across North America. In conjunction, the...

  7. Gamma-Ray Burst Follow Up Observations with BOOTES in 1998--2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerón, J. M. Castro; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Hudec, R.; Soldán, J.; Bernas, M.; Páta, P.; Sanguino, T. J. Mateo; Postigo, A. De Ugarte; Berná, J. Á.; Nekola, M.; Gorosabel, J.; Morena, B. A. De La; Más-Hesse, J. M.; Giménez, Á.; Riera, J. Torres

    The Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System (BOOTES) provides an automated realtime observing response to the detection of Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). Error box size depending, it uses wide field cameras attached to small robotic telescopes or the telescopes themselves. To date we have acquired photometry for about 30 events with the Ultra Wide (UWFC) and the Narrow Field Cameras (NFC) and about 50 events with the Wide Field Camera (WFC).

  8. Pesticide Impact Assessment in Tule Lake and Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuges, 1998 - 2000 Growing Season

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Tule Lake and the adjacent Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuges (TLNWR and LKNWR) serve as key spring/fall staging and overwintering areas for Pacific Flyway...

  9. Solar observations with Rio de Janeiro Danjon astrolabe: diameter variations and its correlations (1998-2000)

    CERN Document Server

    Neto, Eugênio Reis

    2013-01-01

    This work has aimed to analyze the 1998 to 2000 campaign of solar diameter surveying. The employed instrument was a Danjon astrolabe, at the Observat\\'orio Nacional campus, and specially modified for the solar observations. During the time lapse, 10807 independent measurements of the solar diameter were made, Eastwards and Westwards from the local meridian and evenly distributed. An image treatment has been devised to account for the camera dark current and flat field, using IRAF routines. A study of the observational conditions upon the final outcome was made. The mean temperature at the observation is shown as the most influential parameter upon the final result. Next to it also the temperature variation, the Fried's factor, and the standard deviation of the reflected parabola presented a minor and complex degree of influence. The derived corrections are of the order of hundredths of arc seconds, thus being tenfold smaller than the typical error of one observation. The mean semidiameter for the time lapse (...

  10. Catch-Up Growth of Children After Renal Transplantation - Labafi-Nejad Hospital (1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Otukesh

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Children with coronary renal failure had problems with their catch-up growth. The aim of this study was the Assessment of catch-up growth of children after renal transplantation by analyzing the 6 months changes in height deficit and height standard deviation scores (SDS on age, sex, initial height deficit, initial SDS, graft function, renal failure duration and renal transplantation duration. Methods and Materials: Between 22 September 1998 and 2000, 25 pediatric recipients followed up quarterly for height in the Labafi-Nejad hospital. Data on height submitted at each 6-month follow-up were converted into height and SDS. All the results were analyzed by simple and multiple regression and t-test. Results: 68 percents were male and 32 percent were female Mean age at transplantation was 10.39±2.95 SD years. The average duration of renal transplantation was 20.7±8.96 SD months. The aerage of height deficit was 20.7 cm (±10.55 SD and SDS -3.5 (±1.72 SD at the time of renal transplantation. The height deficit was more significant in the patients with tubulopathy. Catch-up growth observed at month 12. That was more obvious in females, in patients with tubulopathy disorders, in preemptives and in all three age groups. Simple and stepwise regression analysis showed that at month 12 only initial height deficit (P<0.05 and at month 24, only sex (P<0.05 were independent predictor of improved height post transplantation. Catch-up growth were seen in more student patients and girls. This may be the result of puberty spurt that occur two years sooner in girls than in boys. Conclusion: In this study we concluded that the renal transplantation alone is not sufficient measure for correction of catch-up growth in renal failure children and because of that the other treatments should come under consideration.

  11. Working Together To Build Beacon Centers in San Francisco: Evaluation Findings from 1998-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Karen E.; Arbreton, Amy J. A.

    The Beacons Initiative aimed to transform eight public schools (five middle schools and three high schools) into youth and family centers in low-income neighborhoods in San Francisco, California. Using a coalition of local partners and funding from public agencies and foundations, the centers served 7,500 youth and adults between July 1, 1999, and…

  12. Application to STVF from CBT for the Period 1998-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Palle

    1997-01-01

    The application from Center for Broadband Telecommunications summarises research progress and milestones for the period Jan. 1, 1995 - June 30, 1997. It also describes international and national cooperation along with research plans and milestones....

  13. Reseña de Jornadas académicas de la E.U.B.D. de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Métodos didácticos en Biblioteconomía y Documentación. Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Pascual, Cristina

    1998-01-01

    Book review of: Jornadas Académicas de la Escuela Universitaria de Biblioteconomía y Documentación de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (6ª, 1997, Madrid). Métodos didácticos en Biblioteconomía y Documentación . Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 1997.

  14. Experimental hematology: theoretical and practical course, Madrid 31th may to 4th june 1993. Hematologia experimental: curso tecnico practico, Madrid, 31 de mayo a 4 de junio 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bueren, J.A.; Tejero Ortega, C. (eds.)

    1993-01-01

    This book contains the lectures of hematology course held in Madrid. The main scope of conferences are: 1.- Hematopoiesis: regulation, growing ionizing radiations, damage and radiation effects. 2.- Radioprotection: stem cells of mouse 3.- Genetic: hematopoietic pathology 4.- Stem cells

  15. El Madrid inquisitorial en la España del Siglo de Oro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rose, Constance H.

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid of Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca and other figures of Spain's Golden Age is also the Madrid of the fearsome Inquisition directed against the influx of Portuguese Jews and against native New Christians of Jewish background, often merchants whose work allowed them to circulate throughout Europe and North Africa. Eradication or true conversion were the only solutions proposed by the Holy Office. Since those conversos who fled Spain left no record dealing with their daily lives in Inquisitorial Madrid, the best source for obtaining such Information and for recreating the atmosphere of the era is the Holy Office itself. Accordingly, the author examines the reports written to the king by the civil servants and/or church officials charged with creating three spectacular autos de fe carried out in the Plaza Mayor: one in 1632 and two in 1680.

    El Madrid de Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca y otras figuras del Siglo de Oro español es también el Madrid del terror inquisitorial, dirigido contra los recién llegados judíos portugueses y los cristianos nuevos madrileños, de origen judío, muchos de ellos mercaderes cuyo trabajo les llevaba a viajar por toda Europa y el norte de África. El Santo Oficio no les permitía más opciones que la desaparición física o la conversión sincera. Como aquellos que huyeron del país no dejaron nada escrito sobre su vida cotidiana en este Madrid inquisitorial, la mejor fuente para obtener esta información y recrear el ambiente de la época es el Santo Oficio mismo. Por ello, la autora examina los informes dirigidos al Rey por los oficiales reales y/o inquisidores, encargados de la organización de tres espectaculares autos de fe que tuvieron lugar en la Plaza Mayor, uno en 1632 y dos en 1680.

  16. Madrid, una comunidad para las cuatro estaciones. Análisis empírico de la estacionalidad en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    El artículo tiene por objeto analizar el turismo en la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid, comparando su nivel de estacionalidad con el resto de comunidades autónomas españolas. Descubrimos, a través de nuestras investigaciones, que la estacionalidad madrileña se sitúa en el nivel más bajo del conjunto de la nación, siendo esto debido a las peculiaridades propias del turismo madrileño que conjuga de forma especialmente provechosa el turismo cultural, de negocios, deportivo, de ferias e incluso rura...

  17. Los Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) asociados con agallas de Cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Information about the chalcid wasp parasitoid community (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) associated with galls of Cynipidae in Madrid (Spain) is compiled and updated. Studied material includes more than 1000 published and unpublished records from samplings in 80 sites in the Madrid region carried out over twenty three years by the research team. A check-list of 121 species, 19 of them provisionally identified, from 6 families of Chalcidoidea is provided as follows: 26 Eurytomidae, 27 Torymidae, 9 ...

  18. Romanian Migration to the Community of Madrid (Spain: Patterns of Mobility and Return

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Marcu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the process by which Romanian immigrants to the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain return to their country. Starting with the empirical reality and the theoretical focuses on human mobility as a form of transnationalism, the article emphasises on the characteristics which distinguish the Romanian collective from other collectives of immigrants living in Spain; circular migration that creates work networks. The paper reflects how the intensive mobility contributes to a process that is continuous and partial—hardly ever final. The first part of the article presents the phases of Romanian migration to the Autonomous Community of Madrid. It then delves into the process by which Romanians return to their country of origin, while detailing those factors that influence their decision. The conclusions point towards a renewal of studies on mobility within the framework of the European Union that links the border dynamic with the migration process.

  19. Happiness on the street: Overall happiness among homeless people in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panadero, Sonia; Guillén, Ana Isabel; Vázquez, José Juan

    2015-07-01

    This article tests a hypothesized model of overall happiness among homeless people in Spain. The research was conducted based on a representative sample of homeless people in Madrid (n = 235), all adults, who had spent the night before the interview in a shelter for homeless people, on the street or in other places not initially designed for sleeping, or who were in supervised accommodation for homeless people at the time of the interview. Information was gathered using a structured interview. The results obtained show that around half of the homeless people in Madrid said that they were happy. A positive meta-stereotype and a better perceived general health were associated with a higher overall happiness, while feelings of loneliness were associated with a lower overall happiness. Happiness also showed a significant effect on future expectations. Disabilities and handicaps had a significant effect on perceived general health, which was in turn associated with overall happiness among homeless people.

  20. The impact of New Public Management on efficiency: an analysis of Madrid's hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, José M; Clifton, Judith; Díaz-Fuentes, Daniel

    2015-03-01

    Madrid has recently become the site of one of the most controversial cases of public healthcare reform in the European Union. Despite the fact that the introduction of New Public Management (NPM) into Madrid hospitals has been vigorous, little scholarship has been done to test whether NPM actually led to technical efficiency. This paper is one of the first attempts to do so. We deploy a bootstrapped data envelopment analysis to compare efficiency scores in traditionally managed hospitals and those operating with new management formulas. We do not find evidence that NPM hospitals are more efficient than traditionally managed ones. Moreover, our results suggest that what actually matters may be the management itself, rather than the management model.

  1. Minorias étnico-religiosas en la Comunidad de Madrid: integración y conflicto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piedrahíta, Gabriel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available As a consequence of global migrations, the regions of destination are in fact an ethno-religious mosaic. This paper analyses the different ethno-religious minorities in Madrid to asses their level of integration or conflict.

    Como consecuencia de los movimientos migratorios, resultado de la globalización, las regiones receptoras de población se han convertido en un mosaico no sólo de etnias sino también de religiones. Estudiar las minorías étnico-religiosas en la Comunidad de Madrid comprobando si contribuyen a la integración o al conflicto es lo que se pretende en este artículo.

  2. Los Nogales, nueva fauna de vertebrados del Mioceno medio de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morales, J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A new vertebrate fauna from the Middle Aragonian (Middle Miocene of the city of Madrid is presented. A description of the stratigraphic framework and the field campaigns carried out on this fossiliferous locality are included. The preliminary studies have allow the taxonomic assignations included on this work. The evolutionary stage of several taxa recorded in the locality allowed its correlation to the Middle Aragonian Biozone Dc.Una nueva fauna de vertebrados del Aragoniense medio (Mioceno medio del área urbana de Madrid es presentada. Se incluye una descripción del contexto estratigráfico del yacimiento y las excavaciones que se han realizado en esta localidad fosilífera. Los estudios preliminares han permitido realizar las determinaciones taxonómicas incluidas en el trabajo. El estado evolutivo de algunos de los taxa registrados en esta localidad ha permitido su correlación con la Biozona Dc del Aragoniense medio.

  3. Colegio femenino San Luis de los Franceses, en Pozuelo de Alarcón – Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aymerich, Manuel

    1970-10-01

    Full Text Available This hostel is close to Madrid and meets all the requirements of the Official Regulations for school buildings. The design has been most carefully worked out, as regards distribution, external and indoor styling, sunlight, spaciousness, orientations and circulations. For all these reasons this hostel is highly functional, as well as of charming simplicity in outline.Se ha emplazado en las proximidades de Madrid y cumple todos los requisitos exigidos por el Reglamento Oficial para construcciones escolares. Se han cuidado extraordinariamente el proyecto y la realización, en lo que se refiere a su: distribución, tratamiento exterior e interior, adecuación al solar, amplitud de programa, orientaciones y circulaciones. Por todo lo expuesto, el complejo construido ha resultado de un notable funcionalismo y de una gran sencillez constructiva y estética.

  4. Nuevas noticias sobre las pinturas de Vicente Carducho para el convento de Trinitarios Descalzos de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Carlos Varona, Mª. Cruz

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents new information regarding Vicente Garducho's paintings for the high altar and side altars of the Madrid Monastery of the barefoot Trinitarians as well as his twelve paintings of the Life of St. John of Mata, the founder of the Trinitarian order. Carducho's sources for the latter paintings are shown to be a series of prints of scenes from the Life of St. John of Mata published in Paris in 1633, one year before the painter signed his contract with the Trinitarian Monastery of Madrid to paint his series. The article also offers news facts regarding the fortunes of Carducho' s paintings after the Disestablishment of the Monasteries in 1835.No disponible.

  5. CPT site characterization for seismic hazards in the New Madrid seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, T.; Mayne, P.W.; Tuttle, M.P.; Schweig, E.S.; Van Arsdale, R.B.

    2002-01-01

    A series of cone penetration tests (CPTs) were conducted in the vicinity of the New Madrid seismic zone in central USA for quantifying seismic hazards, obtaining geotechnical soil properties, and conducting studies at liquefaction sites related to the 1811-1812 and prehistoric New Madrid earthquakes. The seismic piezocone provides four independent measurements for delineating the stratigraphy, liquefaction potential, and site amplification parameters. At the same location, two independent assessments of soil liquefaction susceptibility can be made using both the normalized tip resistance (qc1N) and shear wave velocity (Vs1). In lieu of traditional deterministic approaches, the CPT data can be processed using probability curves to assess the level and likelihood of future liquefaction occurrence. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Productos vegetales utilizados en Madrid entre los siglos XIV y XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menéndez de Luarca, Luis Ramón-Laca

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to describe the plant culture of Madrid of the Middle Ages and Modern Age, this paper provides a list of some 300 vegetal products cited in various documents referring to the city dated to the fourteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The identity of the 170 plants mentioned in these documents is discussed.

    Con la intención de esbozar una historia de la cultura madrileña de las plantas a lo largo de la Edad Media y la Edad Moderna, presentamos aquí una lista de aproximadamente 300 productos vegetales citados en diversos documentos de los siglos XIV, XVI, XVII, XVIII y XIX referentes a la ciudad de Madrid, incluyendo una hipótesis de identificación de las 170 especies correspondientes a dichos productos.

  7. La batalla eclesial por Madrid (1923-1936. Los conflictos entre Eijo Garay y Federico Tedeschini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Lago, José Ramón

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationships between the leaders of the Catholic hierarchy are determined by their own theological cosmovisions and their different pastoral strategies, but also by the ambitions of power and the expectations of promotion in the “cursus honorum”. The conflicts that took place from 1923 to 1936 between the apostolic nuncio in Spain, Federico Tedeschini, and the bishop of Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, are an excellent example of these intricate relationships.Las relaciones entre los dirigentes de la jerarquía católica se ven condicionadas por sus propias cosmovisiones teológicas y sus diferentes estrategias pastorales, pero también por las ambiciones de poder y las expectativas de promoción en el “cursus honorum”. Los conflictos suscitados de 1922 a 1936 entre el Nuncio Pontificio en España, Federico Tedeschini, y el Obispo de Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, son una excelente prueba de ello.

  8. Remodelación del estadio Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alemany Indarte, Luis

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    Desde 1944 en que se concede el primer premio del Concurso para el Campo de Fútbol del Real Madrid Club de Fútbol a los Arquitectos don Luis Alemany Soler y don Manuel Muñoz Monasterio, han transcurrido 38 años. De ellos, dos de obras, desde mayo de 1945 en que se adjudican las obras a HUARTE y Compañía, S. L., hasta el 14 de diciembre de 1947 en que se inauguró el nuevo Estadio, y otros 36, de grandes acontecimientos futbolísticos, en los que el edificio ha pasado a ser representativo de la ciudad de Madrid como símbolo de éxitos deportivos.

  9. Iconografía de una capital barroca : Madrid entre el simbolismo y la ciencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Pereda

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Las vistas y planos que me dispongo a estudiar son el testimonio interesado de un siglo de la historia de Madrid. Comenzamos con las que realizó un artista flamenco llamado a Espana por Felipe II por su insuperabie maestria para trasladar sabre el papel el verdadero aspecto de las ciudades de su reino, y terminamos cien anos mas tarde en la estampa saturada de preciosos detalles que produjo un cartògrafo portugués especializado en cartas nàuticas. Las estrategias de Wyngaerde y Texeira son distintas: la primera reconstruye una impresión óptica mientras que la información de la segunda exige ser "leida" pacientemente en cualquiera de los infinitos sentidos posibles; también son diferentes los puntos de vista desde los que habitualmente se estudian sus trabajos y sin embargo, los objetivos y obstàculos que tuvieron que sortear ambos profesionales de la imagen no se diferencian tanto comò pudiera parecer.In 1561 Madrid was established as capital of Spain. Around thiose years a flemisti painter, Anton van den Wyngaerde, received de comission of making a set of precise views of the spanisfì most important towns. The present article analizes the creation of an iconography of Madrid from this moment until the middle of the seventeenth century when the portuguese cartographer Teixeira finished (1656 his famous etching. The interests of the patrons, the politicai relations between the monarchy and the city, the different use of the images and the development of topography as part of the studies of the Academy of Mathematics in Madrid, are considered to explain its differences and evolution.

  10. A decision support system for water quality issues in the Manzanares River (Madrid, Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Paredes Arquiola, Javier; Andreu Álvarez, Joaquín; Solera Solera, Abel

    2010-01-01

    The Manzanares River, located in Madrid (Spain), is the main water supplier of a highly populated region, and it also receives wastewater from the same area. The effluents of eight Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) downstream of the river, which represent 90% of the flow in the middle and lower parts of the river, are the primary sources of water pollution. Although the situation has improved slightly in the last two years, the water in the river is highly polluted, making it u...

  11. Asthma diagnosis is not associated with obesity in a population of adults from Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Background: Several studies have suggested a relationship between asthma and obesity; however, this relationship is unclear when obesity is compared with bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. Aim: To determine whether obesity is associated with a diagnosis of asthma. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population of Spanish adults in the north of Madrid, Spain between 2003 and 2007. The patients included had experienced asthma symptoms during the previous y...

  12. La información en Madrid del terremoto de Lisboa de 1755

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rosa CAL MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El terremoto de Lisboa del 1 de noviembre de 1755 se conoció en Madrid a través de relaciones, relatos monográficos procedentes de Lisboa o del sur de la Península donde se sufrieron sus efectos. Estas narraciones fueron casi el soporte informativo único cuando se trató del pueblo. Para los ilustrados existían tres publicaciones periódicas (ninguna diaria la Gaceta de Madrid, el Mercurio Histórico y Político y los Discursos Mercuriales Políticos y Económicos. De los tres impresos periódicos sólo el último no estaba protegido por la monarquía. En cuanto a la Gaceta apenas da la noticia del desastre. Sólo el Mercurio tomó en serio el tema e incluyó una nueva sección titulada «Noticias de Portugal».ABSTRACT: The Lisbon earthquake of November 1st 1755 was bought to the attention of Madrid by an edition of relaciones, a collection of articles on the subject from the areas affected namely Lisbon and the southern Iberian peninsula. These pieces were practically the only source of information available to the man in the street. The more learned members of society however, had three periodical publications (none daily at their disposal, the Gaceta de Madrid, the Mercurio Histórico y Político and the Discursos Mercuriales Políticos y Económicos. Of these three printed periodicals only the latter did not receive monarchic protection. The Gaceta in fact hardly mentions the disaster at all. Only the Mercurio took the subject seriously by introducing a new section called «News from Portugal.

  13. La Diosa Blanca y el Real Madrid. Celebraciones deportivas y espacio urbano

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz García, Carmen

    2006-01-01

    One of the most frequent topics analyzed by anthropologists studying the social and cultural expressions around football is the relation between the soccer teams and the cities where they are based. In this paper an introduction is presented to the uses, both symbolic and practical, of the urban space by the soccer hooligans in Madrid and other Spanish cities. Specifically it treats the controversial question of the seizure in the last decades of some elements of the urban heritage (monuments...

  14. The Royal Industrial Institute of Madrid (1850-1867). A Historical Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Cano Pavón, Jose Manuel

    2002-01-01

    This paper reviews the history, structure, evolution and salient activities of the Royal Industrial Institute of Madrid. This was the first higher engineering school established in Spain and also the key to the teaching system devised by Spain's moderate liberal government of the 1850s to gather the human resources (engineers, intermediate technicians and skilled workers) needed to face the industrialization process under way in the country. The Royal Industrial Institute was foun...

  15. Programas de continuidad de cuidados: el ejemplo del distrito de Chamartín de Madrid Continuity of care programs: the example of Madrid Chamartin district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana González Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el programa de continuidad de cuidados del Centro de Salud Mental de Chamartín en Madrid, para ilustrar con una experiencia fuera del ámbito anglosajón donde surgen estos programas, la teoría expuesta en la primera parte acerca del surgimiento, desarrollo y filosofía de los programas de continuidad de cuidados. Se describen los recursos sanitarios, sociales y personales de los que dispone la población a la que va dirigido y la forma de intervención, con el tipo de actuaciones que se realizan. Por último, se señalan algunos riesgos en el desarrollo y mantenimiento de los programas de continuidad de cuidados.The case management program of Chamartin Mental Health Center in Madrid is presented to illustrate with an experience outside the Anglo-Saxon context, where such programs arise, the theory advanced in the first part about the emergence, development and philosophy of continuity of care programs. Finally, some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs are pointed out. The health, social and staff resources are described, and also the population to be targeted, the form of intervention and the type of actions that are performed. Finally, we point out some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs.

  16. Development of a structured sensory honey analysis: application to artisanal Madrid honeys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, M M; de Lorenzo, C; Pérez, R A

    2010-02-01

    In this work a methodology to evaluate the sensory properties of honeys has been developed. The sensory analysis was carried out by means of a quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) method, based on several reference scales, for the coverage of the designed range for each descriptor. The peculiarity of this sensory analysis is that the reference scales have been constituted by common foodstuffs agreed upon by consensus of the panel. The main sensory attributes evaluated in the analyses were: adhesiveness, viscosity, bitterness, aroma, sweetness, acidity, color and granularity. Both the intensity and persistence of honey aromas have also been estimated, together with the classification of the identified aromatic attributes into different groups. The method was applied to 55 artisanal honeys from Madrid (Spain) with the following results: (i) the developed sensory profile sheet allowed a satisfactory description of Madrid honeys; (ii) correlations between sensory attributes of three broad groups of Madrid honeys were obtained and (iii) aroma persistence, sweetness, bitterness, color and granularity appeared as the main sensorial characteristics of honey with discrimination power between floral and honeydew honeys.

  17. El «Teatro Francés» de Madrid (1851-1861

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ojeda, Pedro

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analize the French plays staged by French troupes in Madrid between 1851 and 1861 and the repercussion it had on the Spanish theater of that time. During these nine seasons theater-lovers had the opportunity to see nearly 400 French works in their original version, the titles of which are to be found in an appendix to this study. The works can be catalogued in a variety of subgenres —comedies, dramas, operas, operettas, etc.—, but Madrid theater-goers preferred vaudeville.El objetivo de este trabajo es el análisis del teatro francés representado por compañías francesas en Madrid en la década de 1851 a 1861 y las repercusiones que tuvo para el mundo teatral de la época. En este período, durante nueve temporadas, los aficionados al teatro pudieron presenciar la puesta en escena de cerca de cuatrocientos textos dramáticos en francés, cuyos títulos se ofrecen en un apéndice. Aunque se ejecutaron comedias, dramas, óperas, operetas y otras modalidades, el género preferido fue el vaudeville.

  18. Literacy teachers in Madrid province through «Catastro de Ensenada» (1749-1756

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria González Barrero

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to offer a glimpse into the real situation of literacy teachers, and to a lesser extent, grammar teachers, in the province of Madrid in the 18th century, based on relevant information gathered from «Libros de Estados Generales» of «Catastro de Ensenada» (1749-1756. First, we analyze the distribution of literacy teachers in cities and villages in the Madrid area, their wages, the supplementary jobs they had apart from teaching, and how they were valued socially. We also compare their job to other types of professions in order to get a more accurate idea of their conditions and real situation in the mid-eighties. Similarly, we make a comparison of literacy teachers’ and grammar teachers’ socio-economic circumstances in the province of Madrid with that of teachers in other Spanish provinces where the «Catastro de Ensenada» was also conducted.

  19. Policies towards DTT in the Community of Madrid during 2008 and 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guiomar Salvat-Martinrey, Ph. D.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The introduction and development of Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT in the Community of Madrid respond to the need ofadjusting broadcasting to the new technological requirements, and to the firm, very ambitious and carefully designed political objective of making the Community of Madrid the leader in the implementation of DTT in Spain. This article aims to show the more relevant policies carried out by the government of this Community during 2008 and 2009 for the digital switchover. This article acknowledges that the Community of Madrid’s technological adjustment policy is framed within a wider national policy called PlanAvanza (2009-2012, which greatly supports, in its Infrastructures section, the nationwide implementation of DTT, and issubsequently determined by the National Technical Plan for DTT(PTNTDT. Based on the collected data, this article studies the level of DTT household penetration in the Community of Madrid during 2008-2009, the informative effectiveness of the campaigns designed to promote awareness about this technological change and ensure the necessary social support, and the effectiveness of the policies.

  20. La ampliación del Metro en la periferia de Madrid (1999-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Á Alonso-Neira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El crecimiento de población y empleo en la metrópoli de Madrid implica un aumento de la movilidad y de su complejidad. Este trabajo analiza cómo influye esta situación en el planeamiento de los transportes públicos del gobierno de Madrid, cuyo principal esfuerzo inversor se ha centrado desde 1999 en la ampliación de la red de Metro hacia los municipios que rodean la ciudad. El análisis de la eficiencia de estas ampliaciones ofrece los siguientes resultados: i el menor coste de la inversión de metro ligero ha permitido reducir los problemas financieros de los gobiernos madrileños; y ii la demanda por los nuevos servicios de transporte aumenta durante los primeros años, aunque desciende posteriormente. Estas conclusiones sugieren la complejidad de las decisiones económicas y políticas de estas ampliaciones, adaptadas a la evolución policéntrica y dispersa de Madrid.

  1. Gestión municipal de plagas urbanas. El caso de Madrid Urban pest management. A Madrid case study Gestão municipal das pragas urbanas. O caso de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Cámara Vicario

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La gestión de avisos por plagas es un componente habitual de los programas de control de plagas en una ciudad por lo que los gestores municipales de estas actividades normalmente desarrollan procedimientos para la captación, la atención y la explotación de los datos resultantes, lo que ayuda con otras actuaciones en paralelo, a mejorar la calidad de la Salud Pública.El estudio que aquí presentamos aborda la metodología diseñada y puesta en funcionamiento por el Ayuntamiento de Madrid para controlar y gestionar la presencia de plagas en la ciudad. La larga experiencia (más de 100 años del Ayuntamiento y su apuesta por la incorporación de tecnologías novedosas en el control y gestión de plagas, ha permitido extraer una serie de lecciones aprendidas que pretende servir de guía y modelo para ciudades en donde los servicios de salud pública no hayan aun incorporado estos métodos.Citizens’ reports of sightings of undesirable animals are a common component of pest control programmes in a city. For this reason, local authorities tend to develop procedures for the capture and analysis of the resulting data sets based on these reported sightings. These procedures in turn contribute to the development of other initiatives aimed at improving public health conditions. The study presented here focuses on the methodology designed and implemented by the Madrid City Council for controlling and managing the presence of urban pests.The long experience (over 100 years of the City Council and its commitment to the incorporation of new technologies have allowed a number of important lessons to be learnt in pest control and management, which may be useful as a guide and model for cities where public health services have not yet incorporated these methods.Os anúncios para a gestão de pragas é um componente comum nos programas de controlo de pragas nas cidades, por isso, os gestores municipais dessas atividades costumam desenvolver procedimentos

  2. Los Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera asociados con agallas de Cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez, J. F.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Information about the chalcid wasp parasitoid community (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea associated with galls of Cynipidae in Madrid (Spain is compiled and updated. Studied material includes more than 1000 published and unpublished records from samplings in 80 sites in the Madrid region carried out over twenty three years by the research team. A check-list of 121 species, 19 of them provisionally identified, from 6 families of Chalcidoidea is provided as follows: 26 Eurytomidae, 27 Torymidae, 9 Ormyridae, 33 Pteromalidae, 9 Eupelmidae and 17 Eulophidae. Ormyrus rufimanus Mayr, 1904 and Idiomacromerus semiaeneus (Szelenyi, 1957 are recorded for the first time in the Iberian Peninsula. For each family and genus of Chalcidoidea data are given on biology, diversity and distribution in Comunidad de Madrid. The composition of the chalcid wasp parasitoid community associated with gall wasps in Comunidad de Madrid is discussed and compared to the same community data from the Iberian Peninsula and the Western Palaearctic. Species from the Iberian community of chalcid parasitoids that are missing from Madrid region, exclusive species and potentially present species are also commented upon. Finally two appendices are presented as follows: a list of the Chalcidoidea species reared from 73 different galls made by 71 cynipid species from Madrid with associated parasitoid records, and a final appendix with full record data of all studied material, including information on the sampling localities with X, Y georeferenced coordinates, host galls and host plants.

    Se compila y actualiza la información existente sobre la comunidad parasitoide de Chalcidoidea, asociada a agallas de cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid. Los datos corresponden a más de 1000 registros, tanto de datos publicados, como inéditos, correspondientes a colectas en 80 localidades de Madrid efectuadas por el equipo investigador a lo largo de 23 a

  3. La reforma de la salud mental en Madrid (1: La problemática de la salud mental en Madrid; el modelo del IINISAM.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro E Muñoz

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available La creación y puesta en marcha, a finales del 81, por parte de la Diputación de Madrid del INSTITUTO DE LA SALUD MENTAL como órgano de coordinación, gestión y planificación de los servicios psiquiátricos de la provincia, supuso dentro del panorama general de la asistencia psiquiátrica española un importante cambio de actitud en los gobiernos provinciales frente a aquélla. El desarrollo legislativo sanitario español había ido dejando la asistencia psiquiátrica fuera de la estructura sanitaria del Estado, al no contemplarla entre las prestaciones de la Seguridad Social, salvo en la asistencia anacrónica e inoperante de las consultas ambulatorias de Neuropsiquiatría de la Seguridad Social.

  4. Neutrons field in the neutronic measurements room of the Polytechnic University of Madrid; Campo de neutrones en la sala de medidas neutronicas de la Universidad Politecnica de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Calle Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico); Gallego, E.; Lorente, A.; Rubio O, I. P., E-mail: hrvegacarrillo@yahoo.com.m [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Ingenieria Nuclear, C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal No. 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2010-09-15

    Through of measurements and calculations of a Monte Carlo series has been characterized the neutronic field of the neutronic measurements room of Nuclear Engineering Department of the Polytechnic University of Madrid. The measurements were realized with the Bonner Spheres Spectrometer that allowed establish the spectra on the new stainless steel panel and at different distances measured regarding the source. The values of the speed of environmental equivalent dose were measured with an area monitor Bert hold Lb 6411. Through of Monte Carlo methods was built a detailed model of the room with the panel and the spectra were calculated and, with these the values of the environmental equivalent dose were obtained using the conversion coefficients of the ICRP 74 and the Bert hold Lb 6411 response. The calculated values were compared with those measured and was consistency among the results. (Author)

  5. Biomonitoring of exposure to environmental pollutants in newborns and their parents in Madrid, Spain (BioMadrid: study design and field work results Biomonitorización de la exposición a contaminantes ambientales en recién nacidos y sus progenitores en Madrid (BioMadrid: diseño del estudio y resultados del trabajo de campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Aragonés

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In Spain environmental surveillance has mainly relied on measures of selected pollutants in air, water, food and soil. A study was conducted in Madrid to assess the feasibility of implementing a surveillance system of exposure among the general population to specific environmental pollutants, using bio-markers. The project was basically focused on the environment surrounding newborns. Hence, the study population was made up of 145 triplets of pregnant women at around 8 months' gestation, their partners, and newborns from two areas, representing the two main types of urban environments in the region, i.e., the City of Madrid and its outlying metropolitan belt. Multiple biologic substrates were collected from each participant in order to assess the most suitable samples for an environmental surveillance system. The selected contaminants represent the main agents to which a population like that of Madrid is exposed every day, including certain heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as micronuclei in peripheral blood, a commonly used unspecific index of cytogenetic damage. In addition, passive air samplers were placed around subjects' place of residence. This paper reports in detail on the design and response rates, summarizes field work results, and discusses some lessons learned.En España, la vigilancia medioambiental se basa principalmente en medidas de ciertos contaminantes en muestras de aire, agua, alimentos y suelos. En Madrid se ha realizado un estudio para valorar la posibilidad de poner en marcha un sistema de vigilancia de exposiciones a contaminantes ambientales en la población general utilizando biomarcadores. El proyecto ha tenido como eje el estudio del entorno de los recién nacidos. Por tanto, la población de estudio la constituyen 145 «tríos» formados por mujeres en su octavo mes de embarazo, sus parejas y los recién nacidos de dos áreas geográficas, que representan los

  6. Situation of the companies of hygienic maintenance of facilities of risk of legionelosis in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consuelo de Garrastazu Díaz

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The control of the hygienic maintenance of the facilities of legionelosis risk is verified through three types of performances: the notifications of cooling towers and evaporative condensers, the registry of the companies that make these treatments and the regulated formation of the personnel who makes these. In addition, by means of the sanitary inspection the correct operation of this mechanism of monitoring and control is verified.In relation to the companies that make the hygienic maintenance, it has been made a temporary analysis front to other companies of biocidas services, being stated that is basically that already they made biocide control services (companies DDD. In the Community of Madrid and as opposed to the criteria adopted by other communities, it is demanded that these companies count on warehouse own or subcontracted or that justify an adapted product management, so that it is always under the supervision off personnel specialized for his use. Also, it is demanded that this companies have a Technical Director, who takes responsibility of the procedures of performance and made treatments. In whatever to the accomplishment of treatments by part of companies registered in other communities, at the moment is not necessary registry of these in Madrid if they do not have social or industrial address, being able to make the maintenance if this activity is properly registered in the community where they are located.The Community of Madrid is accredited for the authorization of courses for personnel who conducts operations of hygienic maintenance of facilities of risk of Legionella, counting at the present with 26 courses authorized. The pursuit of these courses is made by means of the exigency of a previous notification to the edition celebration and the accomplishment of inspection and audit to the teaching institutions.

  7. Traffic light – nutrition labelling: knowledge, perception and use in consumers of Madrid, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karimen Andrea León-Flández

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Describe knowledge, comprehension level, perception and use of traffic light labelling in consumers of Madrid.Material and Methods: A two phases, cross-sectional study design, carried out in Madrid, in 2012. Our sample was recruited randomly, and interviewed using a questionnaire designed for this purpose. Consumers of 7 stores of main supermarket chains in Madrid were questioned. Information about knowledge, comprehension, perception and use of traffic light labelling (TLL was collected. Analyses examined the frequency of the variables of interest. Differences were tested using the χ2 test.Results: The response rate was 80.6% (first phase and 97.8% (second phase. Consumers that knew the TLL and understood its color-coding system were 41.4% and 18.6% respectively. From the participants that knew the TLL system, 61.5% thought it was very useful (80% among those >65 years and 90% among those with primary studies; p>0.05. Just 31.4% of consumers habitually used TLL to buy their products (70% among those with primary studies; p=0.04. This percentage was higher in consumers that understood the color-coding system (second phase (66.6%; p<0.01.Conclusions: The level of TLL’s knowledge and comprehension was low. Consumers that know TLL, consider it a useful nutrition instrument. Those who understand, use it habitually to buy their products, especially consumers older than 65 years old and with primary studies. A widespread introduction of this system in Spain might contribute to improve food and eating habits, especially elderly people and less educated.

  8. Estimating Strain Accumulation in the New Madrid and Wabash Valley Seismic Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, T. J.; Calais, E.

    2014-12-01

    The mechanical behaviour -- and hence earthquake potential -- of faults in continental interiors is a question of critical importance for the resultant seismic hazard, but no consensus has yet been reached on this controversial topic. The debate has focused on the central and eastern United States, in particular the New Madrid Seismic Zone, struck by three magnitude 7 or greater earthquakes in 1811--1812, and to a lesser extent the Wabash Valley Seismic Zone just to the north. A key aspect of this issue is the rate at which strain is currently accruing on those faults in the plate interior, a quantity that remains debated. Understanding if the present-day strain rates indicate sufficient motion to account for the historical and paleoseismological earthquakes by steady-state fault behaviour, or if strain accumulation is time-dependent in this area, is critical for investigating the causative process driving this seismicity in the plate interior, and how regional strain reflects the interplay between stresses arising from different geological processes. Here we address this issue with an analysis of up to 14 years of continuous GPS data from a network of 200 sites in the central United States centred on the New Madrid and Wabash Valley seismic zones. We find that high-quality sites in these regions show motions that are consistently within the 95% confidence limit of zero deformation relative to a rigid background. These results place an upper bound on regional strain accrual of 0.2 mm/yr and 0.5 mm/yr in the New Madrid and Wabash Valley Seismic Zones, respectively. These results, together with increasing evidence for temporal clustering and spatial migration of earthquake sequences in continental interiors, indicate that either tectonic loading rates or fault properties vary with time in the NMSZ and possibly plate-wide.

  9. Acanthamoeba spp. in Contact Lenses from Healthy Individuals from Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Thiago dos Santos; Magnet, Angela; Izquierdo, Fernando; Vaccaro, Lucianna; Redondo, Fernando; Bueno, Sara; Sánchez, Maria Luisa; Angulo, Santiago; Fenoy, Soledad; Hurtado, Carolina; del Aguila, Carmen

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a painful and potentially blinding corneal infection caused by Acanthamoeba spp. In Madrid, environmental studies have demonstrated a high presence of these free-living amoebae in tap water. Since most of AK cases occur in contact lenses (CL) wearers with inadequate hygiene habits, the presence of Acanthamoeba in discarded CL has been studied and compared with other common etiological agents of keratitis, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Methods One hundred and seventy-seven healthy individuals from Madrid contributed their discarded CL and answered a questionnaire on hygiene habits. DNA was extracted from the CL solution and analyzed by real-time PCR for Acanthamoeba, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. These CL and their solutions were also cultured on non-nutrient agar to isolate Acanthamoeba. Results Among the 177 samples, Acanthamoeba DNA was detected in 87 (49.2%), P. aeruginosa DNA in 14 (7.9%) and S. aureus DNA in 19 (10.7%). Cultivable amoebae, however, were observed in only one sample (0.6%). This isolate was genotyped as T4. The habits reported by this CL owner included some recognized risk factors for AK, but in this study only the practice of “not cleaning the CL case” presented some statistical significant association with Acanthamoeba DNA presence. Detection of the investigated bacterial DNA did not demonstrate statistical significant association with the studied practices, but the presence of P. aeruginosa revealed a possible inhibition of Acanthamoeba in these samples. Conclusions The PCR results suggest a high presence of Acanthamoeba spp. in healthy CL wearers from Madrid, but we can assume that CL solutions are properly disinfecting the CL since only 1.1% of the positive PCR samples correspond to viable amoebae and, after four years, only one participant reported stronger ocular problems. Nevertheless, more studies are necessary to corroborate this hypothesis. PMID

  10. On year Study of Atmospheric Polychlorinated Biphenyls in a Selected Area of Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Alonso, S.; Perez Pastor, R. M.; Sevillano Castano, M. L.

    2002-07-01

    Monthly ambient air and surface soil samples were taken for analysis in the outskirts of Madrid in an open urban area from November 1998 to October 1999. Thirty-one congeners were selected according to their abundance in environmental samples. A comparison of the data so produced with concentration levels obtained in urban centre samples and compiled data was performed. Temperatures higher than 10 degree centigree resulted in increasing ambient air levis and a peak concentration was also observed when wind velocity ranged between 2.5 and 3.5 m.s''-1. (Author) 27 refs.

  11. The Music Archive of La Encarnación monastery from Madrid, in Montserrat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Codina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Study of the historical events around the purchase of the musical archive of ‘La Encarnación’ of Madrid by Montserrat Abbey and the political reasons that created a climate of secrecy in this case; we write down the names of the composers appearing in the archive of those musical chapel and we establish a list of its chapel masters. We registrate as well the other parts (choirbooks of old polyphony by Flemish authors working at the court of Philip II, and others coming with this archive.

  12. Los Rumiantes (Artiodactyla, Mammalia del Mioceno inferior de La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morales, J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a preliminary study of the fossil ruminants found in the Early Miocene site of La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid. The morphological description of dentition and postcranial bones, along with the metrical and comparative study with material from localities of similar age in France and Spain has allowed us to confirm the presence of two Pecoran ruminants in La Encinilla: Andegameryx sp. and a larger species related to Teruelia Moyá-Solá, 1987. Although the identification in one of the cases should be confirmed with more material, the record in the Madrid Bassin would represent new information regarding the known biogeographical distribution of both taxa. The systematic position of Andegameryx and Teruelia is still under discussion, but both forms are clearly distinct from the Cervoidea ruminants found in Europe and the Iberian Peninsula at the same age, such as Amphitragulus, Oriomeryx, Bedenomeryx or Dremotherium.Este trabajo constituye un estudio preliminar de los restos de rumiantes fósiles hallados en el yacimiento del Mioceno inferior de La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid. La descripción morfológica de la dentición y del esqueleto postcraneal, así como el estudio métrico y comparativo con material procedente de localidades francesas y españolas de edad similar ha permitido constatar hasta el momento la presencia de dos formas de rumiantes Pecora en La Encinilla: Andegameryx sp. y un rumiante de mayor talla relacionado con Teruelia Moyá-Solá, 1987. Aunque la identificación en uno de los casos necesitaría confirmarse con más material, la presencia de estas dos formas en la Cuenca de Madrid ampliaría la distribución biogeográfica conocida para ambos taxones. La posición sistemática de Andegameryx y Teruelia permanece abierta a discusión, pero ambos géneros se diferencian de los Cervoidea del Mioceno inferior encontrados en Europa y la Península Ibérica, tales como Amphitragulus, Oriomeryx, Bedenomeryx

  13. San Cristóbal de los Ángeles [Madrid]: Informe preliminar

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Valdivia, Blanca Alexandra

    2010-01-01

    El presente documento es parte del trabajo desarrollado en el proyecto “Inmigración, vivienda y Ciudad” financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación En esta investigación se trata de establecer una relación entre condiciones residenciales precarias y entorno urbano deficiente. San Cristóbal de los Ángeles, en el distrito de Villaverde en Madrid, es uno de los barrios seleccionados para realizar el análisis sobre las características residenciales y urbanísticas de la población in...

  14. Factores individuales relacionados con la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El presente estudio, tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de la relación entre los factores individuales y la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid. Participaron 145 adolescentes (114 hombres y 31 mujeres), con edades comprendidas de los 14 a 19 años, que estaban cumpliendo condena en el momento de la investigación en centros de menores de la CAM, por haber cometido algún delito. Entre los principales delitos se encuentran; el robo, maltarato famili...

  15. Materiales pétreos tradicionales de construcción en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Moreno, Sandra

    1994-01-01

    Este trabajo de investigación trata de recopilar, analizar y sistematizar los distintos materiales litológicos que se han empleado en el pasado de Madrid, investigando después su cuantía, evolución, comportamiento y síntesis tipológica. Se conocen diversas publicaciones referentes a esos materiales, pero en la bibliografía existente hay importantes lagunas y se carece de un estudio global. Apenas si hay alguna revisión elemental del conjunto de yacimientos (fuentes posibles de aprovisionam...

  16. Politics of civility: the case of the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2013-01-01

    The mobilization of undocumented immigrants in civil society reflects the politics of civility, defined by Balibar as the creation of a space for an inclusive political community based on equality. The case analysed in this article, the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid, refers...... to a group of undocumented sellers of pirate products who decide to organize and claim their contribution to society. The Association aims to change the legislation both as undocumented and as sellers of illegal products (i.e. ‘institutional change’), but in order to become equal members of the community...

  17. Miedo y consumo:el encerramiento habitacional en México y Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    El paisaje, la funcionalidad y la conectividad urbana se vieron transformados a finales del siglo XX, con el surgimiento de nuevas estructuras, en donde la vivienda se presenta como parte de unas mini ciudades fortificadas y que son resultado de diversas fuerzas económico-culturales del capitalismo actual. Específicamente planteamos la hipótesis de que los desarrollos habitacionales para las clases altas en la Ciudad de México y Madrid, en los cuales los agentes inmobiliarios promueven el ais...

  18. [Analysis of non-EU immigrant population within the hemodialys program of the region of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González Parra, E; López Gómez, J M

    2005-01-01

    Many hemodialysis patients from foreign countries arrived to be dialized in Madrid. They cames from all around the world, especially South America and Morroco. This group is younger (46.2 + 14.2 years) than the control group. Most of them initiated dialysis without a previous Nephrological check-up (62 %). In the foreign group the primary renal diseases were similar to the control group, however they also had many other health unusual problems. Most of them (71 %) started hemodialysis without ever having permanent hemodialysis vascular access, and 25 % were not able to speak spanish, or other European languages. This caused many problems in administering correct treatment.

  19. Reconciling short recurrence intervals with minor deformation in the new madrid seismic zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweig, E S; Ellis, M A

    1994-05-27

    At least three great earthquakes occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone in 1811 and 1812. Estimates of present-day strain rates suggest that such events may have a repeat time of 1000 years or less. Paleoseismological data also indicate that earthquakes large enough to cause soil liquefaction have occurred several times in the past 5000 years. However, pervasive crustal deformation expected from such a high frequency of large earthquakes is not observed. This suggests that the seismic zone is a young feature, possibly as young as several tens of thousands of years old and no more than a few million years old.

  20. Evidence for New Madrid earthquakes in A.D. 300 and 2350 B.C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttle, M.P.; Schweig, E. S.; Campbell, J.; Thomas, P.M.; Sims, J.D.; Lafferty, R. H.

    2005-01-01

    Six episodes of earthquake-induced liquefaction are associated with soil horizons containing artifacts of the Late Archaic (3000-500 B.C.) and Early to Middle Woodland (500 B.C.-A.D. 400) cultural periods at the Burkett archaeological site in the northern part of the New Madrid seismic zone, where little information about prehistoric earthquakes has been available. Radiocarbon dating of organic material and analysis of artifacts are used to estimate the ages of the liquefaction features and times of the causative earthquakes. The most recent episode of liquefaction occurred after A.D. 1670, produced small sand dikes, and is probably related to the 1895 Charleston, Missouri earthquake. The preceding episode struck the area in A.D. 300 ?? 200 years and generated a sand blow that contains Late Woodland artifacts and buries an Early to Middle Woodland cultural horizon. Four older episodes of liquefaction occurred in 2350 B.C. ?? 200 years and may have been produced by a sequence of closely timed earthquakes. The four earlier episodes produced graben structures, sand dikes, and associated sand blows on which a cultural mound was constructed. The Burkett liquefaction features that formed about 2350 B.C. and A.D. 300 are relatively large and similar in age to other liquefaction features in northeastern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri, respectively. If the prehistoric features at the Burkett site and those of similar age elsewhere in the region are the result of the same earthquakes, then this suggests that they were similar in size to the three largest (M 7-8) 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes. A New Madrid-type earthquake in A.D. 300 ?? 200 years would support an average recurrence time of 500 years. Although this study extends the earthquake chronology back to 2500 B.C., it is uncertain that the record of New Madrid events is complete for the period between 2350 B.C. and A.D. 300. As demonstrated by this study, information about other prehistoric earthquakes may be

  1. Primer hallazgo de Micromamíferos de edad turoliense en la Cuenca de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo, J. P.

    1992-08-01

    Full Text Available The Neogene succession cropping out in Mesa de Ocaña (southern Madrid Basin contains a variety of deposits that belong to the so-called Miocene Lower, Intermediate and Upper Units. In this area, the Miocene Upper Unit is formed of terrigenous deposits that grade both laterally and in vertical to palustrine and/or shallow lacustrine carbonate facies. Intercalated with the latter deposits, a large accumulation of fossil micromammal remains has been recognized (Canteras de Iberia mammal site. This site has yielded a fossil mammal association of late Turolian age (MN 13 unit indicative of relatively warm and arid paleoclimatic conditions. The Canteras de Iberia mammal site constitutes the first occurrence of fossil mammals of Turolian age within the Neogene sedimentary record of the Madrid Basin. This occurrence allows to precise the chronostratigraphy of the Miocene Upper Unit of the basin.La Mesa de Ocaña, situada en la parte más meridional de la Cuenca de Madrid, está constituida por una sucesión Neógena dentro de la que se reconocen las Unidades Inferior, Intermedia y Superior del Mioceno de esta cuenca. La Unidad Superior en este área está formada por depósitos detríticos que gradan lateralmente y verticalmente a depósitos carbonáticos de carácter palustre y/o lacustre somero. En estos niveles se ha reconocido la presencia de una importante acumulación de restos de micromamíferos (Yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia que ha suministrado abundantes restos correspondientes a las órdenes Rodentia, Lagomorpha e Insectívora. La asociación faunística obtenida es característica del Turoliense Superior (unidad MN13 y, desde el punto de vista paleocológico, sugiere condiciones climáticas relativamente cálidas y áridas. El yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia constituye el primer yacimiento de edad Turoliense encontrado dentro del registro sedimentario Neógeno de la Cuenca de Madrid permitiendo precisar la edad de la Unidad Superior del

  2. Los albores del nuevo Madrid: el distrito de Arganzuela (1860-1878)

    OpenAIRE

    Vicente Albarrán, Fernando

    2006-01-01

    El distrito de Arganzuela surge al sur de Madrid a mediados del XIX como una alternativa residencial popular a una ciudad con graves problemas de hacinamiento poblacional. Un conjunto de promociones inmobiliarias, realizadas al margen de la legalidad darán lugar a un caserío pobre que acoge a la inmigración que la ciudad era incapaz de absorber. La puesta en marcha del Ensanche de la capital en 1860 intentará ordenar ese crecimiento; en el nuevo distrito urbano creado se expresarán las contra...

  3. Potencial de uso de la bicicleta en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés; La Paix Puello, Lissy Cesarina; Rondinella, Gianni

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre el potencial de uso de la bicicleta en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid. El objetivo principal de la investigación es la estimación de la demanda de usuarios de un sistema de bicicleta pública de préstamo entre estudiantes y trabajadores dentro del recinto universitario. El estudio permite definir las características principales de los potenciales usuarios de bici en una zona universitaria, sus preferencias en el diseño de un sistema ...

  4. Salud bucodental preescolar en el área este de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    García Villalobos, María Rosa

    2011-01-01

    La investigación tiene por objetivo conocer cuál es el ESTADO DE SALUD BUCODENTAL de una muestra de cien niños en edad preescolar de la población del Área Este del Servicio Madrileño de Salud (SERMAS) de la Comunidad de Madrid y cuyo grupo etario no está incluido en el Programa de Salud Bucodental (PSBD). El trabajo de campo se ha realizado en la consulta de odontología del turno de tarde del Centro de Salud Doctor Cirajas durante seis meses. Se ha recogido la información en un cuestionari...

  5. Industrias cerámicas históricas de Madrid: hornos continuos y sus chimeneas

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    Hemos inventariado diversas chimeneas correspondientes a industrias ladrilleras históricas. Estas industrias se ubican en las zonas geológicas favorables y responden a un cambio productivo iniciado a partir de 1880, que supuso el paso revolucionario del sistema discontinuo a hornos continuos. Las tres chimeneas identificadas han sido estudiadas en el marco de un proyecto de investigación de la Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad de Madrid titulado: Arqueología Industrial: Conservación del...

  6. Resonancias de los paradigmas científicos en las arquitecturas de la Escuela de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega Barnuevo, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Los años cincuenta y sesenta son los años de la incorporación definitiva de la arquitectura española al panorama internacional. Entre los arquitectos que protagonizan ese salto sin retorno, se encuentra el grupo de aquellos que unos años más tarde serán denominados por Juan Daniel Fullaondo como Escuela de Madrid. Carlos Flores, en su libro Arquitectura Española Contemporánea 1880-1950, se refiere a esos arquitectos como aquellos que se aplicaban a la difícil tarea de restablecer en España un...

  7. El acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales en la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calatrava, Ascensión

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the access of the immigrants to the social services and the use that make of the benefits and basic services, determining its degree of satisfaction on such. For it, the first part presents the policies of integration of the immigrants who are carried out in the Community of Madrid, analyzing itself next the degree of use of the different social services on the part of the groups of more significant immigrants that they reside in the Community of Madrid and distinguishing his use in regard to sex and of age. The third part of the work gathers a series of directed proposals to improve the access of the immigrants to the social services as well as a set of final considerations that can mark the way of future tending investigations that the immigrants and the society of welcome can through the mutual knowledge, to harmonize their perceptions.

    El artículo analiza el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales y el uso que hacen de las prestaciones y servicios básicos, determinando su grado de satisfacción sobre los mismos. Para ello, la primera parte presenta las políticas de integración de los inmigrantes que se llevan a cabo en la Comunidad de Madrid, analizándose a continuación el grado de utilización de los distintos servicios sociales por parte de los grupos de inmigrantes más significativos que residen en la Comunidad de Madrid y distinguiéndose su uso en razón de sexo y de edad. La tercera parte del trabajo recoge una serie de propuestas dirigidas a mejorar el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales así como un conjunto de consideraciones finales que pueden marcar el camino de futuras investigaciones tendentes a que los inmigrantes y la sociedad de acogida puedan a través del conocimiento mutuo, armonizar sus percepciones.

  8. Remodelación del estadio Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Alemany Indarte, Luis; Alemany Indarte, Rafael; Blanco, Pedro Juan

    1981-01-01

    Not available.

    Desde 1944 en que se concede el primer premio del Concurso para el Campo de Fútbol del Real Madrid Club de Fútbol a los Arquitectos don Luis Alemany Soler y don Manuel Muñoz Monasterio, han transcurrido 38 años. De ellos, dos de obras, desde mayo de 1945 en que se adjudican las obras a HUARTE y Compañía, S. L., hasta el 14 de diciembre de 1947 en que se inauguró el nuevo Estadio, y otros 36, de grandes acontecimientos futbolísticos, en los que el edificio ha ...

  9. Support Vector Regression Algorithms in the Forecasting of Daily Maximums of Tropospheric Ozone Concentration in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-García, E. G.; Salcedo-Sanz, S.; Pérez-Bellido, A. M.; Gascón-Moreno, J.; Portilla-Figueras, A.

    In this paper we present the application of a support vector regression algorithm to a real problem of maximum daily tropospheric ozone forecast. The support vector regression approach proposed is hybridized with an heuristic for optimal selection of hyper-parameters. The prediction of maximum daily ozone is carried out in all the station of the air quality monitoring network of Madrid. In the paper we analyze how the ozone prediction depends on meteorological variables such as solar radiation and temperature, and also we perform a comparison against the results obtained using a multi-layer perceptron neural network in the same prediction problem.

  10. La farmacia en el sistema penitenciario español: el centro penitenciario Madrid III (Valdemoro)

    OpenAIRE

    Algora Donosol, María Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Este estudio parte de una reflexión sobre la sanidad penitenciaria en el momento actual y analiza el trabajo realizado por los farmacéuticos en el ámbito de dichas instituciones, atendiendo a las características de la población penitenciaria. El objetivo primordial que se persigue es mostrar en profundidad el funcionamiento asistencial y la gestión farmacéutica del Centro Penitenciario de Valdemoro - Madrid III, una de las siete prisiones ubicadas en esta Comunidad Autónoma.

  11. Contribution to the determination of genetically significant dose owing to radiodiagnostic methods in the Madrid area. Contribucion de las exploraciones de radiodiagnostico la dosis geneticamente significativa en el area de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delgado, V.; Vano, E.; Moran, P.; Fernandez, A.; Calzado, A.; Gonzalez, L. (Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain). Facultad de Medicina)

    1992-01-01

    The results of the determination of genetically significant dose owing to radiodiagnostic methods in the Madrid area are presented. The value obtained for this magnitude is 220+- 60 mu G y. The values for child expectancy, on the basis of age and sex, the number of each type of exploration per 1000 inhabitants per year, distributed according to sex and age, and the values corresponding to the dose in gonads for each probe are also presented. The sample was obtained from 4 large hospitals in the Madrid area, 2 outpatient clinics and some private centers, affording a total of some 700 determinations of dose in gonads. (author)

  12. Los viajes de los “dementes” del Provincial de Madrid durante la Guerra Civil (1936-1939.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Villasante Armas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer los traslados de pacientes psiquiátricos desde el Hospital Provincial de Madrid a diversas instituciones durante la Guerra Civil española (1936-1939. El material utilizado procede, fundamentalmente, del fondo documental del Archivo Regional de la Comunidad de Madrid (XII-1936 a IX-1938. La necesidad de evacuar la Clínica Provincial de Madrid de enfermos crónicos les llevó a largos viajes hasta establecimientos psiquiátricos en la costa mediterránea como los de Alicante, Murcia o Almería, donde quedaron internos los dementes. Sin embargo, estas medidas no fueron suficientes y, posteriormente, se realizaron traslados al Instituto Psiquiátrico de Alcalá de Henares y a Saelices (Cuenca e, incluso, fue preciso utilizar instituciones religiosas como en Almagro o un balneario real como La Isabela en Guadalajara.

  13. La industria del cuero en la Villa y tierra de Madrid a finales de la Edad Media

    OpenAIRE

    Mendo Carmona, Concepción

    1990-01-01

    La artesanía del curtido fue una de las industrias de más arraigo en la Villa. Oliver Asín remonta sus orígenes al momento de la fundación de Madrid como ocurrió en otras ciudades musulmanas. Madrid reunía todas las condiciones necesarias para el desarrollo de esta industria: además de abundante ganado, disponía de cantidad de agua para la instalación de tenerías y de ingredientes para la curtición.

  14. Dispersión urbana. Estudio de la comunidad de Madrid por corredores y su dependencia del centro

    OpenAIRE

    Guzman Garcia, Luis Angel; Hoz Sánchez, Daniel de la

    2008-01-01

    Analizando la evolución de la movilidad de la Comunidad de Madrid bajo un contexto de un sistema equilibrado enfocado a la reducción de costes totales de transporte y escenarios más eficientes, es decir, hacia una movilidad más sostenible, se tiene que el gran aumento de la motorización y la dependencia del coche, no contribuyen a este objetivo. Entre 1996 y 2004 la movilidad en Madrid ha aumentado casi en un 40%, debido principalmente al crecimiento de la población, pero también a que las pe...

  15. Incentivos y desincentivos en los sistemas de transporte público en Londres, Madrid y Ciudad de México

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar; José Antonio Chávez Espejel; Berenice Maldonado Hernández; Adela Chávez; Salvador Carmona Tapia; Édgar Vicente Cienfuegos Sarabia; Dónovan Molina García

    2007-01-01

    El presente trabajo hace un estudio comparado entre los sistemas de transporte público de dos ciudades europeas (Londres y Madrid) y el de Ciudad de México, evaluando tres variables: incentivos para el uso de transporte público, desincentivos para el transporte privado y políticas gubernamentales de transporte público. Como resultado de lo anterior se concluye que: 1) en el caso de Madrid y Londres es posible identificar una estrategia clara y la aplicación sistemática de políticas de incenti...

  16. Estación depuradora, en Madrid, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herrera Marín, J.

    1969-05-01

    Full Text Available This article gives a detailed description of the installations for purifying the residual waters of the «El Fresno» basin, in the neighbourhood of Puerta de Hierro. A special feature of this project is that this is one of the four plants provided for in the General Plan for Sanitary Works of Madrid, and it is also important since it is the largest such installation at present in service. It provides for full processing of the residual waters, and it has been through useful to give a summary of the sanitary engineering calculations.Se hace en este artículo una descripción detallada de la estación depuradora de aguas residuales de la cuenca de «El Fresno», situada en las inmediaciones de Puerta de Hierro. Resalta el interés de la obra la circunstancia de ser una de las cuatro plantas previstas en el Plan General de Obras Sanitarias de Madrid; y dado que se trata de la de mayor envergadura que hay actualmente en servicio, con tratamiento completo de aguas residuales, se ha considerado interesante y de actualidad incluir un resumen de los cálculos justificativos de ingeniería sanitaria.

  17. Reconstruyendo redes, repensando espacios: experiencias migrantes de argentinos en Madrid (2002/2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Schmidt

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos migratorios implican importantes cambios en la articulación de los espacios sociales. No sólo porque las redes se amplían a nuevos contactos y amistades en el lugar de radicación sino también porque las antiguas relaciones con quienes se quedan en el lugar de procedencia entran en un proceso de transformación. En esta contribución utilizamos la historia oral para acercarnos a las experiencias de un grupo de argentinos que vino a establecerse a Madrid a raíz de la crisis de 2001. Indagamos en la reconstrucción de sus redes sociales en destino y en la manera en que comienzan a repensar sus vínculos con Argentina.___________________ABSTRACT:The migratory projects carry important changes in the articulation of the social spaces. Not only because the networks widen to include new contacts and friendships, also because the old relations in the origin country begin a transformation process. This paper uses the oral history to examine the experiences of a group of Argentines settled in Madrid as a result of the crisis of 2001. It investigates the reconstruction of their social networks in destination and how they rethink their links to Argentina.

  18. Location of Bioelectricity Plants in the Madrid Community Based on Triticale Crop: A Multicriteria Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Romero

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a work whose objective is, first, to quantify the potential of the triticale biomass existing in each of the agricultural regions in the Madrid Community through a crop simulation model based on regression techniques and multiple correlation. Second, a methodology for defining which area has the best conditions for the installation of electricity plants from biomass has been described and applied. The study used a methodology based on compromise programming in a discrete multicriteria decision method (MDM context. To make a ranking, the following criteria were taken into account: biomass potential, electric power infrastructure, road networks, protected spaces, and urban nuclei surfaces. The results indicate that, in the case of the Madrid Community, the Campiña region is the most suitable for setting up plants powered by biomass. A minimum of 17,339.9 tons of triticale will be needed to satisfy the requirements of a 2.2 MW power plant. The minimum range of action for obtaining the biomass necessary in Campiña region would be 6.6 km around the municipality of Algete, based on Geographic Information Systems. The total biomass which could be made available in considering this range in this region would be 18,430.68 t.

  19. Screening for several potential pathogens in feral pigeons (Columba livia in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ballesteros Carlos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pathogens with the zoonotic potential to infect humans, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Chlamydophila psittaci, can be found in feral pigeons (Columba livia. Given the high density of these birds in the public parks and gardens of most cities, they may pose a direct threat to public health. Methods A total of 118 pigeons were captured in three samplings carried out in 2006-2007 in public parks and gardens in Madrid, Spain. Standard haematological and morphological analyses were carried out on the pigeons. PCR was used to screen for the presence of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli and Chlamydophila psittaci. Positive samples were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Results The analyses demonstrated a high prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci (52.6% and Campylobacter jejuni (69.1% among the birds captured. In contrast, Campylobacter coli was rarely detected (1.1%. Conclusions Pigeons in Madrid can carry Chlamydophila psittaci and Campylobacter jejuni. They may be asymptomatic or subclinical carriers of both pathogens.

  20. Modelling the influence of peri-urban trees in the air quality of Madrid region (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, Rocio, E-mail: rocio.alonso@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vivanco, Marta G., E-mail: m.garcia@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez-Fernandez, Ignacio, E-mail: ignacio.gonzalez@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Bermejo, Victoria, E-mail: victoria.bermejo@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Palomino, Inmaculada, E-mail: inma.palomino@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Garrido, Juan Luis, E-mail: juanluis.garrido@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Elvira, Susana, E-mail: susana.elvira@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Salvador, Pedro, E-mail: pedro.salvador@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Artinano, Begona, E-mail: b.artinano@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2011-08-15

    Tropospheric ozone (O{sub 3}) is considered one of the most important air pollutants affecting human health. The role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O{sub 3} concentrations has been analyzed in the Madrid region (Spain) using the V200603par-rc1 version of the CHIMERE air quality model. The 3.7 version of the MM5 meteorological model was used to provide meteorological input data to the CHIMERE. The emissions were derived from the EMEP database for 2003. Land use data and the stomatal conductance model included in CHIMERE were modified according to the latest information available for the study area. Two cases were considered for the period April-September 2003: (1) actual land use and (2) a fictitious scenario where El Pardo peri-urban forest was converted to bare-soil. The results show that El Pardo forest constitutes a sink of O{sub 3} since removing this green area increased O{sub 3} levels over the modified area and over down-wind surrounding areas. - Highlights: > Role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O{sub 3} pollution in Madrid (Spain). > The CHIMERE air quality model was adapted to Mediterranean conditions. > Preserving the peri-urban forest lowers O{sub 3} concentrations over the surrounding areas. > Evergreen broadleaf and deciduous forests removed more atmospheric O{sub 3} than conifers. - Peri-urban forests contribute to ameliorate ozone air pollution.

  1. Notas sobre joyería tradicional en la provincia de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    León Fernández, Marcos

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with peasant jewellery from the province of Madrid (Spain in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, especially those pieces closely related to the regional costume. They have been classified according to «use» «form» and «name». Examples from inventories of the period are provided. The study is based on fieldwork and inventories of the time and is viewed as a first approach or general outlook into the subject.El presente artículo pretende, a través de un primer muestreo, ofrecer una visión general aproximada de la joyería tradicional en la provincia de Madrid —especialmente aquellas piezas relacionadas con la indumentaria—, a partir de los datos obtenidos de los inventarios de los siglos XVIII y XIX y del trabajo de campo. Las piezas se ordenan según su uso, forma y denominación, tratando ele hacer coincidir estos tres aspectos cuando ello es posible.

  2. [Comparative study of habits in students before and during the university in northwest area of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias López, María Teresa; Cuesta Santa Teresa, Elvira; Sáez Crespo, Antonio

    2014-11-12

    Introducción: En la mayoria de los paises occidentales los jovenes, adoptan estilos de vida que afectan negativamente a su salud, incrementando de esta manera el riesgo de la aparicion prematura de enfermedades cronicas. Objetivo: Comparar los patrones de habitos en estudiantes preuniversitarios y universitarios en la zona noroeste de Madrid. Material y método: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo con estudiantes madrilenos de universidades madrilenas y colegios-institutos de la zona centro-oeste de Madrid capital, aceptando participar 1590 alumnos de ambos sexos preuniversitarios y universitarios: 653 varones (41,1%) y 937 mujeres (58,9%). Se clasifico a los estudiantes en grupos etarios, ≤ 17 anos y ≥ 18 anos Resultados: Se estudia el IMC, la actividad fisica, el consumo de alcohol y los habitos negativos en cuanto al consumo de alimentos. Casi el 80% presenta normo peso, son mas activos los preuniversitarios. Conclusión: Se han constatado diferencias entre sexos, que deben guiar las actuaciones de intervencion en cuanto a la actividad fisica o habitos, por lo que parece fundamental realizar programas de intervencion nutricional y psicosocial en los adolescentes y jovenes para prevenir y/o reducir el consumo de alcohol.

  3. Molecular typing of Leishmania infantum isolates from a leishmaniasis outbreak in Madrid, Spain, 2009 to 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chicharro, C; Llanes-Acevedo, I P; García, E; Nieto, J; Moreno, J; Cruz, I

    2013-07-25

    Leishmaniasis is endemic in south-west Europe. Recent data point to the spread and (re-)emergence of this disease in previously endemic and non-endemic European countries. A recent example is the urban community outbreak of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in the south-west of Madrid autonomous community, Spain, which began on 1 July 2009. A total of 446 cases associated to this outbreak were reported up to 31 December 2012. We show molecular typing data for 73 Leishmania infantum isolates obtained from January 2008 to July 2012 from different areas of Madrid, including those affected by the outbreak. Seven different genotypes were identified by combining data from two targets: the ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS)-1 and -2 and the haspb (k26) gene. The results contribute to a better understanding of the parasite population circulating in the region, and indicate that most of the outbreak-associated isolates (22/31) were infected by parasites with the same combined genotype. Additional data from 82 L. infantum isolates typed as either MON-1 or MON-24 by isoenzyme analysis indicate that far from concluding that the outbreak was caused by a 'new' emerging genotype, further molecular typing-based surveillance studies are required to better understand the epidemiology of leishmaniasis in the region.

  4. The restructuring of the health resources devoted to the environmental health in the Community of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Ordóñez Iriarte

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Environmental Health, in its broadest sense, wich includes what is administratively meant Environmental Health and Food Hygiene, was traditionally performed by the Titular Chemists, Dictors and Veterinary Surgeons who perforrmed their duties within the limits of the Partidos (Areas or districts within the jurisdiction of a Court. Upon this structures, created in 1953, different technical and political events have been influencing for years, making their restructuring necessary in order to be able to answer the whole of the problems that worry the Public Health.This work tries to describe the model of Chemist and Veterinary Services restructuring carried out within the Community of Madrid, to analyze this model, and to propose a model of restructuring of this Services that can be a paradigm for thouse Communities that have not undertaken the same process yet.The methodology we have used is the analysis of the situation before and after the Chemist and Veterinary Services restructuring carried out by means of two different Orders of the Community of Madrid.“Partido” structures have become obsolete, so the restructuring of resources is a necessity. The approach of this restructuring must be done far from any corporativist tamptation and considerating the possibility of incorporating other professionals different from the traditional ones in view of the increasing complexity of the problems of Environmental Health.

  5. Study of the superficial ozone concentrations in the atmosphere of Comunidad de Madrid using passive samplers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Galán Madruga

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The ozone is a secondary atmospheric pollutant which is generated for photochemical reactions of volatil organic compounds (VOC’s and nitrogen oxides (NOx. In Spain the ozone is a big problem as a consequence of the solar radiation to reach high levels. Exposure over a period of time to elevated ozone concentrations can cause damage in the public health and alterations in the vegetation.The aim of this study is to carry out the development and validation of a measurement method to let asses the superficial ozone levels in the Comunidad de Madrid, by identifing the zones more significants, where to measure with UV photometric monitors (automatics methods this pollutant and where the health and the vegetation can be affected. To such effect, passive samplers are used, which have glass fiber filters coated with a solution of sodium nitrite, potassium carbonate, glycerol and water. The nitrite ion in the presence of ozone is oxidized to nitrato ion, which it is extrated with ultrapure water and analyzed for ion chromatography, by seen proportional to the concentration existing in the sampling point.The results of validation from field tests indicate a excellent correlation between the passive and the automatic method.The higher superficial ozone concentrations are placed in rural zones, distanced of emission focus of primary pollutants (nitrogen oxides and volatil organic compounds... principally in direction soutwest and northwest of the Comunidad of Madrid.

  6. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Garcia-Guinea, J. [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Laborda, F. [Group of Analytical Spectroscopy and Sensors Group, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Garrido, F., E-mail: fernando.garrido@mncn.csic.es [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-12-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system. - Highlights: • Abandoned mine residues are Tl sources in soils of Madrid catchment area. • Tl was associated to quartz and aluminosilicates in both rocks and soils. • Tl was frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules. • Cathodoluminescence is a suitable technique for Tl detection on soils and rocks.

  7. GAS-PARTICLE PARTITIONING OF POPS IN URBAN AIR FROM MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Barbas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In present work the presence of several Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs in ambient air samples from the city of Madrid (Spain was evaluated, discriminating between gas phase (FG and suspended particulate matter (MPS. High-volume active samplers (HVS equipped with polyurethane foam and glass microfiber filters were used to collect samples. The major pollutants were polychlorinated biphenyls (104.6 ± 86.6 pg/Nm3, mean ± standard deviation, following in decreasing order by polybrominated diphenyl ethers (20.4 ± 11.6 pg/Nm3, dechlorane plus (0.8 ± 0.5 pg/Nm3 and finally by polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (0.3 ± 0.1 pg/Nm3. The results, in agreement with those obtained in other cities, not only confirm the presence of POPs in the air of Madrid, but show significant differences in terms of fractionation (major presence in gas phase or in particulate phase between different compounds and congeners evaluated.

  8. Los orígenes del teatro anatómico de Madrid (1689-1728

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardo Tomás, José

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show that the teaching of anatomy in the General Hospital of Madrid was established in 1689, as a part of the widespread movement of renovation in medicine and science during the last years of the reign of Charles II (1665-1700. The different occupants of the hospital's chair of anatomy until 1728, their different backgrounds and professional careers are revisted, using hitherto unknown sources for the purpose.

    El artículo tiene como objeto demostrar que la enseñanza de la anatomía en el Hospital General de Madrid fue establecida en 1689, dentro del amplio movimiento de renovación de la medicina y la ciencia en España, iniciado en los últimos años del reinado de Carlos II (1665-1700. Se examinan las distintas figuras que ocuparon la cátedra de anatomía del hospital hasta 1728, sus formaciones de origen y sus carreras profesionales, utilizando para ello nuevas fuentes hasta ahora inéditas.

  9. Crustal deformation in the New Madrid seismic zone and the role of postseismic processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Oliver; Robert Smalley, Jr; Zeng, Yuehua

    2015-01-01

    Global Navigation Satellite System data across the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) in the central United States over the period from 2000 through 2014 are analyzed and modeled with several deformation mechanisms including the following: (1) creep on subsurface dislocations, (2) postseismic frictional afterslip and viscoelastic relaxation from the 1811–1812 and 1450 earthquakes in the NMSZ, and (3) regional strain. In agreement with previous studies, a dislocation creeping at about 4 mm/yr between 12 and 20 km depth along the downdip extension of the Reelfoot fault reproduces the observations well. We find that a dynamic model of postseismic frictional afterslip from the 1450 and February 1812 Reelfoot fault events can explain this creep. Kinematic and dynamic models involving the Cottonwood Grove fault provide minimal predictive power. This is likely due to the smaller size of the December 1811 event on the Cottonwood Grove fault and a distribution of stations better suited to constrain localized strain across the Reelfoot fault. Regional compressive strain across the NMSZ is found to be less than 3 × 10−9/yr. If much of the present-day surface deformation results from afterslip, it is likely that many of the earthquakes we see today in the NMSZ are aftershocks from the 1811–1812 New Madrid earthquakes. Despite this conclusion, our results are consistent with observations and models of intraplate earthquake clustering. Given this and the recent paleoseismic history of the region, we suggest that seismic hazard is likely to remain significant.

  10. Christian Herrgen y la institucionalización de la mineralogía en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parra, Dolores

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the goals of the scientific policy of the governments of the Borbones were that of favors the disciplines subject to be applied for the necessary stimulus of the Spanish economy. Such it was the case of the Mineralogy, science that was developed and imparted in several scientific cultured institutions. One of these centers were the Cabinet of Natural History from Madrid, in which the work of the German specialist Christian Herrgen contributed to the institutionalization of the Spanish Mineralogy.

    Uno de los objetivos de la política científica de los gobiernos borbones fue la de potenciar aquellas disciplinas susceptibles de ser aplicadas en el necesario fomento de la economía española. Tal fue el caso de la Mineralogía, ciencia que fue desarrollada e impartida en varias instituciones científicas ilustradas. Uno de estos centros fue el Gabinete de Historia Natural de Madrid, en el que la labor del especialista alemán Christian Herrgen contribuyó a la institucionalización de la mineralogía española.

  11. Violencia en el Madrid de la Guerra Civil: los "paseos" (Julio a Diciembre 1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier CERVERA GIL

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Dentro de la enorme violencia presente en la Guerra Civil Española, el inicio de la misma en Madrid se caracterizó por la proliferación de episodios de violencia política, porque esas eran las razones que se argüían, e inorgánica, porque no se conectaba con proyecto revolucionario alguno. En este artículo se analiza una represión incontrolada que tenía como organismos claves las checas, de donde partían las policías de partido que efectuaban detenciones arbitrarias, y como episodios característicos los paseos: ejecuciones sin formación de causa y de forma clandestina. En las checas actuaban sujetos indeseables que generaron un clima de terror e inseguridad en Madrid en los enemigos de la República y en los sospechosos de pocas simpatías hacia el Frente Popular. Este clima de exceso y violencia fue objeto de preocupación de las autoridades republicanas en Madrid, siendo Santiago Carrillo, Consejero de Orden Público de la Junta de Defensa de Madrid, quien consiguió poner coto a los injustificables paseos. En la última parte del artículo se analiza este fenómeno de los paseos. Su ejecución fue sobre todo obra de anarquistas y, en mucha menor medida, de comunistas. Los hechos se iniciaban con la detención al anochecer y, la mayoría de las veces, terminaban con la ejecución de la víctima en la madrugada, casi en ocho de cada diez casos. Sus víctimas fueron sobre todo religiosos, seguidos de empleados y militares. El momento de mayor proliferación fue en los meses de agosto y septiembre de 1936, observándose un drástico descenso a partir de noviembre hasta su casi total desaparición a inicios de 1937, como un síntoma más del proceso de reconstrucción del Estado republicano. Palabras clave: Guerra Civil Española, Violencia política, Represión, Comunismo, Anarquismo. ABSTRACT: Within the framework of the enormous amount of violence that took place at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, Madrid's violence

  12. Faulting at Thebes Gap, Mo. -Ill. : Implications for New Madrid tectonism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, R.W.; Schultz, A.P. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Recent geologic mapping in the Thebes Gap area has identified numerous NNE- and NE-striking faults having a long-lived and complex structural history. The faults are located in an area of moderate recent seismicity at the northern margin of the Mississippi embayment, approximately 45 km north of the New Madrid seismic zone. Earliest deformation occurred along dextral strike-slip faults constrained as post-Devonian and pre-Cretaceous. Uplift and erosion of all Carboniferous strata suggest that this faulting is related to development of the Pascola arch (Ouachita orogeny). This early deformation is characterized by strongly faulted and folded Ordovician through Devonian rocks overlain in places with angular unconformity by undeformed Cretaceous strata. Elsewhere, younger deformation involves Paleozoic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, and Eocene formations. These units have experienced both minor high-angle normal faulting and major, dextral strike-slip faulting. Quaternary-Tertiary Mounds Gravel is also involved in the latest episode of strike-slip deformation. Enechelon north-south folds, antithetic R[prime] shears, and drag folds indicate right-lateral motion. Characteristic positive and negative flower structures are commonly revealed in cross section. Right-stepping fault strands have produced pull-apart basins where Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Cretaceous, and Tertiary units are downdropped several hundreds of meters and occur in chaotic orientations. Similar fault orientations and kinematics, as well as recent seismicity and close proximity, clearly suggest a structural relationship between deformation at Thebes Gap and tectonism associated with the New Madrid area.

  13. El poblamiento humano antiguo en el valle alto del Lozoya (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Márquez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La localización en superficie en el término municipal de Lozoya (Madrid de un conjunto de piezas de industria lítica achelense permite retrotraer el primer poblamiento de esta zona al Pleistoceno medio, cuando hasta la fecha las evidencias más antiguas en el valle alto del río Lozoya se remontaban a inicios del Pleistoceno superior. El nuevo hallazgo sitúa al río Lozoya en relación cultural con el poblamiento humano antiguo de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares.The discovery of a surface sample of Acheulean lithic industry at the Lozoya district (Madrid takes back to the Middle Pleistocene the first human peopling of this area. Until now themost ancient evidences at the Upper Lozoya Valley went back to the initial Upper Pleistocene. The new findings place the Lozoya River in cultural relation with the ancient human population of Jarama and Manzanares Rivers.

  14. Monitoring ground subsidence in urban environments: M-30 tunnels under Madrid City (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Martínez Marín

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Big cities improvement usually requires the construction of large underground infrastructures, in order to ensure proper communication and optimize urban use. Monitoring ground subsidences is therefore one of the main challenges in changing urban environments. The "Madrid Río" project (2003-2008 is an effort to reclaim the riverfront land and improve the busy M-30 beltway that involved the construction of 7.93 km of tunnels underneath the southern center of Madrid City. This paper presents a remote-sensing approach to monitor ground subsidences induced by tunneling excavation.  The Persistent Scatterers Interferometry technique (PSI was used to estimate subsidence and displacement time series from Synthetic Aperture Radar images, acquired between August 2003 and April 2008 from ENVISAT.  Remote sensed results were compared to traditional extensometric measures, fitting adequately for selected sectors. Spatial analysis of displacements allowed evaluating impacts of tunneling on surrounding buildings and facilities, highlighting critical areas. The availability of a spatial distribution of displacements in a time series allowed analyzing longitudinal, cross-sectional and temporal dynamics. The main limitations during this work were the heterogeneous spatial distribution of Persistent Scatterers, the absence of measurement points in work areas, the threshold for velocity detection and low temporal resolution of ENVISAT images. Nevertheless, these limitations of DInSAR for monitoring infrastructures are overcome by actual satellites, being a complementary technique with an exceptional added value and temporal analysis capability.

  15. Joyas del siglo XVI en seis retratos infantiles de las Descalzas Reales de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horcajo Palomero, Natalia

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This text is a study of the jewels depicted in six childen's portraits in the collection of the convent of the Descalzas Reales in Madrid. The portraits are of the princesses of the House of Styria -(¿Elisabeth?, Maria Kristema, Anna and Katerina- as well as the children of Anna, Wladislaus and Anna Maria. Firstly, the personages and the paintings are presented, including a brief discussion of their authorship. Then the jewels are described and studied in detail. The author proposes, based on diverse proofs, that they may be the work of the master jewelers Erasmus Hornick, Etienne Delaune and Mathias Zündt

    En este trabajo se estudian las joyas que aparecen en seis retratos infantiles conservados en las Descalzas Reales de Madrid. Son los retratos de las Princesas de la Casa de Estiria, (Elisabeth (¿, María Kristema, Anna y Katerina, así como los de los hijos de Anna, Wladislaus y Anna María. Primeramente se hace la presentación de los personajes y los cuadros, con una breve discusión sobre su autoría, seguida de una descripción pormenorizada de las joyas para inmediatamente pasar a su estudio, en el que se plantea, de forma razonada y basándose en diversas pruebas, su posible adjudicación a los maestros Erasmus Hornick, Etienne Delaune y Mathias Zündt.

  16. EL PERFIL COMPETITIVO LOCAL COMO FACTOR DETERMINANTE PARA EL DESARROLLO DE LA FLORICULTURA EN MADRID (CUNDINAMARCA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DANIEL HERNÁN SANTIAGO ROMERO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe los atributos del perfil competitivo del municipio de Madrid y establece las relaciones que, con dicho perfil, ha tenido el desarrollo de cultivos de flores. Se parte de la descripción de la situación actual de la industria de la floricultura en el país. Después, tras establecer los determinantes que desde la teoría se han propuesto para medir la competitividad de un territorio, se analiza el caso particular del municipio de Madrid y define los atributos competitivos que lo caracterizan. Se presentan las relaciones entre el perfil competitivo del municipio y la floricultura, mostrando cómo aquél, se convirtió en un factor determinante para dicha actividad económica. Finalmente se presentan las conclusiones del artículo, las cuales son antecedidas por la presentación de los elementos que representan la mayor fortaleza para el desarrollo económico del municipio en el futuro.

  17. Valoración de la vulnerabilidad integral en las áreas residenciales de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael R Temes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad, en tanto asentamiento eminentemente humano, es reflejo de la diversidad económica, social y cultural de sus habitantes. Como consecuencia de ello, encontramos en un mismo territorio oportunidades distintas, con importantes brechas y fronteras en torno a barrios o ámbitos de características singulares. Partiendo de esta afirmación, se traza como objetivo de este trabajo la definición de un banco de indicadores que permita valorar la vulnerabilidad integral en las áreas residenciales consolidadas del municipio de Madrid. La metodología empleada se basa en el uso de un análisis estadístico multivariable que determina un conjunto de indicadores sintéticos, a partir de los que es posible delimitar los ámbitos de vulnerabilidad integral. De su aplicación se desprende que más del 80 por ciento de los casos así fijados se encuentra fuera de la "almendra central" de Madrid, señalándose la periferia construida entre los años sesenta y setenta como el escenario principal de los problemas urbanos de los próximos años.

  18. Laboratorio Geocisa Mecánica del suelo y materiales - Madrid-España Geocisa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escudero Gutiérrez, M.

    1974-11-01

    Full Text Available The laboratory has been constructed for Geotechniques and Cements, Ltd., in the vicinity of Madrid so as to carry out the checking of all the construction materials. The structure consists of two storeys and a semi-subterranean storey. The building is designed With a structure of reinforced steel, according to a 1,20 m module that is used for the plan form and elevation. The latter ones have been constructed of prefabricated pieces which gives it a functional look and lines that harmonize with the intended aim.Se ha edificado para Geotecnia y Cimientos, S. A., en las proximidades de Madrid, con el fin de realizar, entre otras actividades, el control de todos los materiales de construcción. Consta de dos plantas y semisótano, si bien está prevista una ampliación a dos plantas más. El edificio se ha proyectado con estructura de hormigón armado, según un módulo de 1,20 m, que se traduce en plantas y alzados. Estos últimos han sido construidos a base de piezas prefabricadas, lo cual le confiere una fisonomía funcional y acorde con el fin a que se destina.

  19. La ganadería lanar en Madrid y su tierra durante la Edad Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Puñal Fernández

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de la ganadería en general y ovina en particular ofrece un campo muy generoso de investigación porque permite conocer muchas de las estructuras socioeconómicas regionales y locales de un país o territorio. En el caso de Madrid dicho estudio es importante por cuanto en el conjunto de las labores agropecuarias del concejo, las ganaderas fueron las que mejor marcaron su desarrollo económico. La tierra madrileña es tierra de ganado, sobre todo lanar, y ello fue el punto de referencia de diversas actividades económicas que iban desde el abastecimiento de carne para la alimentación hasta la obtención de materia prima, lana y pieles, para las industrias textil y del cuero. Para tener una visión más amplia e interdisciplinar el presente estudio se ha hecho desde una doble perspectiva económica y social. Desde la ganadería estante y local a la trashumante, con especial mención a la Mesta y toda su problemática, así como los aspectos cuantitativos derivados del número de ovejas y el tamaño y tipo de los rebaños y sus aspectos fiscales concomitantes. En relación a ello toda la infraestructura de pastos y cañadas. Los aspectos sociales se refieren a los propietarios de ovejas como una oligarquía rural de labradores enriquecidos, así como a los trabajadores del ganado, es decir los pastores, sus contratos, salarios y condiciones de vida. En conjunto el panorama que se ofrece es muy significativo y permite acercarnos un poco más a la realidad socioeconómica del Madrid medieval.The study of the livestock in general and sheep in particular, offers a huge field to research as it allows to know many of the local and regional socioeconomíc structures of a city or country. In the case of Madrid, that study is important because the sheep livestock is, among the rest of the agricultural activities, the main one for its contribution to the economic development. Madrid is a livestock área, mainly for sheep, as the point of

  20. Contribucion al estudio de la semantica de los verbos modales en espanol (con ejemplos del habla de Madrid). The Contribution of Spanish Modal Verbs to the Study of Semantics (with Evidence from Madrid Speech).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirbu-Dumitrescu, Domnita

    1988-01-01

    Spanish modal verbs may express necessity, obligation, probability, and possibility, in either their personal or impersonal modes. Analysis is based on examples of contemporary Madrid speech. Four modals, "poder,""deber (de)," tener que," and "haber que," are placed within a tripartite structure defined by…

  1. Ortega y Gasset, José. Mission of the University. Edition: Jacobo Muñoz, Madrid: New Library, 2007 Ortega y Gasset, José.. Mission of the University. Madrid: The Archer, [1930] 1968.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Tovar-Torres

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The book Mission of the University in its edited by Jacobo Muñoz presents the academic community of the university thought analysis of José Ortega y Gasset (Madrid, 1883-1955. Jacobo Muñoz recognizes the importance in five sections of the book published in 1930 and its significance in Western universities ...

  2. La Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid: participación social en la salud mental The Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association: social participation in mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Casal Álvarez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge las experiencias personales y asociativas con la Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid que he vivido desde el año 2002. La Asociación Alonso Quijano está inscrita en el registro de Asociaciones de la Comunidad de Madrid, se fundó en el año 1999. La Asociación Alonso Quijano es una Asociación para acompañar, apoyar y reflexionar en la experiencia de la locura. Desde su fundación el rol que asumen los participantes es el de ciudadanos con los mismos derechos y obligaciones y sin poner etiquetas. Es una asociación donde la participación de las personas con problemas de salud mental es muy relevante.This article, brings together, the individual and collective experiences that I had the opportunity to experience with the Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association since 2002. The Alonso Quijano Association is registered in the Official Association Register of the Madrid Local Government,and was established in 1999. Alonso Quijano Association is an association to monitor, support and reflect on the experience of madness. Since its origins, the members asume the rol of citizens with the same rights and obligations without labelling anybody. It is an association where the involvement of people with mental health problems is very important.

  3. Contribucion al estudio de la semantica de los verbos modales en espanol (con ejemplos del habla de Madrid). The Contribution of Spanish Modal Verbs to the Study of Semantics (with Evidence from Madrid Speech).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirbu-Dumitrescu, Domnita

    1988-01-01

    Spanish modal verbs may express necessity, obligation, probability, and possibility, in either their personal or impersonal modes. Analysis is based on examples of contemporary Madrid speech. Four modals, "poder,""deber (de)," tener que," and "haber que," are placed within a tripartite structure defined by semantic categories, "imminente"…

  4. B-Learning for Literary Studies in the European Space of Higher Education: Research at Universidad Complutense Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Varela, Asuncion; Sanz, Amelia

    2007-01-01

    This report presents the work of LEETHi ("Spanish and European Literatures from Text to Hypertext"), a research group based at Universidad Complutense Madrid, whose projects have focused on the teaching of literature from an intercultural perspective while also helping students to develop competence in information literacy, following the…

  5. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) (8th, Madrid, Spain, June 26-29, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Olga Cristina, Ed.; Boticario, Jesus Gonzalez, Ed.; Romero, Cristobal, Ed.; Pechenizkiy, Mykola, Ed.; Merceron, Agathe, Ed.; Mitros, Piotr, Ed.; Luna, Jose Maria, Ed.; Mihaescu, Cristian, Ed.; Moreno, Pablo, Ed.; Hershkovitz, Arnon, Ed.; Ventura, Sebastian, Ed.; Desmarais, Michel, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    The 8th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2015) is held under auspices of the International Educational Data Mining Society at UNED, the National University for Distance Education in Spain. The conference held in Madrid, Spain, July 26-29, 2015, follows the seven previous editions (London 2014, Memphis 2013, Chania 2012,…

  6. De Nápoles a Madrid: la colgadura de los animales del duque de Medina de las Torres

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz Yábar, Juan María

    2014-01-01

    El príncipe de Stigliano donó al convento de Santa Teresa de Madrid una colgadura de gran valor, que ha sido objeto de estudio por diversos autores desde 1900 hasta la actualidad. Aportamos noticias sobre su datación y su origen extraídos de diferente

  7. Types of damage that could result from a great earthquake in the New Madrid, Missouri, seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopper, M.G.; Algermissen, S.T.

    1984-01-01

    In the winter of 1811–1812 a series of three great earthquakes occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone. In addition to the three principal shocks, at least 15 other earthquakes, Io ≥ VIII, occurred within a year of the first large earthquake on December 16, 1811. The three main shocks were felt over the entire eastern United States. They were strong enough to cause minor damage as far away as Indiana and Ohio on the north, the Carolinas on the east, and southern Mississippi on the south. They were strong enough to cause severe or structural damage in parts of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. The section of this poster titled "Seismic history of the New Madrid region" describes what happened in the epicentral region. Fortunately, few people lived in the severely shaken area in 1811; that is not the case today. What would happen if a series of earthquakes as large and numerous as the "New Madrid" earthquakes were to occur in the New Madrid seismic zone today?

  8. Low Blood Lead Levels and educational achievement in 7-8 year old children in the Community of Madrid (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Ordóñez Iriarte

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lead affects the behavioral and cognitive functions of children. The current lead safety level for avoiding these adverse effects is still controversial.Methods of study: A cross-sectional study included 511 children from 23 primary schools within the Comunidad de Madrid (the Madrid Region –including the city of Madrid and the large urban-industrial conurbation of satellite towns surrounding it, Spain. The children’s blood lead levels were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In addition, the teachers completed an eight-item questionnaire about the children’s behavior and academic achievement. Parents filled in a self-completion survey about the sociodemographic variables of the children and the family.Results: The mean Blood Lead Level (BLL of the children was 4.1 μg/dL SD 1.6 μg/dL (log transformed 3.8 μg/dL SD 0.2 μg/dL. Multivariate analysis controlling for relevant sociodemographic cofactors (among others, sex, age and educational level of the parents showed a negative association, but this was not statistically significant.Conclusions: Despite the low blood lead levels found in the children of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain and the design limitations of the study, the results obtained suggest the existence of a harmful, but not statistically significant, effect of blood lead on the behavior and academic achievement of children.

  9. Evaluation of the surface urban heat island effect in the city of Madrid by thermal remote sensing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sobrino, J.; Oltra-Carrio, R; Jimenez-Munoz, J.C.; Franch, B.; Hidalgo, V.; Mattar, C.; Julien, Y.; Cuenca, J.; Romaguera, M.; Gomez, J.A.; Miguel, de E.; Bianchi, R.; Paganini, M.

    2013-01-01

    The surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect is defined as the increased surface temperatures in urban areas in contrast to cooler surrounding rural areas. In this article, the evaluation of the SUHI effect in the city of Madrid (Spain) from thermal infrared (TIR) remote-sensing data is presented. Th

  10. B-Learning for Literary Studies in the European Space of Higher Education: Research at Universidad Complutense Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Varela, Asuncion; Sanz, Amelia

    2007-01-01

    This report presents the work of LEETHi ("Spanish and European Literatures from Text to Hypertext"), a research group based at Universidad Complutense Madrid, whose projects have focused on the teaching of literature from an intercultural perspective while also helping students to develop competence in information literacy, following the impact of…

  11. La inteligencia emocional como variable predictora de adaptación psicosocial en estudiantes de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández González, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Formación de Profesorado y Educación, Departamento de Didáctica y Teoría de la Educación. Fecha de lectura : 6 de septiembre de 2010

  12. Stereotypes and Beliefs about Different Ethnic Groups in Spain: A Study with Spanish and Latin American Children Living in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enesco, Ileana; Navarro, Alejandra; Paradela, Isabel; Guerrero, Silvia

    2005-01-01

    96 Spanish and Latin American children from 3 grades in Madrid reported their knowledge of positive and negative stereotypes regarding Spaniards, Gypsies, Latin American and Chinese people. Their personal beliefs about these four ethnic groups were also assessed. Stereotypes about Spaniards were perceived as overwhelmingly positive and least…

  13. Results of students surveys in similar courses given in different centers of the Technical University of Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Mendiola Ubillos, María Ángeles; Arraiza Bermudez-Cañete, Maria Paz; Aguado Cortijo, P.; Calderón Guerrero, C.; Lopez Alvarez, Jose Vicente

    2012-01-01

    We present and analyze the results of surveys conducted in recent years with students from two related subjects, but taught in different centers of the University of Madrid. These surveys are part of the objectives of various projects of educational innovation, and applied through the platform Moodle.

  14. NUCLEAR ENERGY COMMISSION, HIGHER COUNCIL OF RESEARCH, AND THE CENTER OF RESEARCH IN PHYSICS IN MADRID, SPAIN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report gives an account of a liasion visit to three institutions in Madrid: the Junta de la Energia Nuclear (JEN), Spain’s Nuclear Energy...and controls essentially all aspects of scientific research in Spain, and the Centro de Investigaciones Fisicas (CIF) ’Leonardo Torres Quevedo,’ a

  15. Energetic ion beams: usefull tool for interdisciplinary studies; Centro de Analisis de Materiales de la Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agullo-Lopez, F.; Climent-Font, A.; Enguita, O.; Pascual, C.; Espeso, O.

    2001-07-01

    In this paper a short review of ion-beam analysis (IBA) techniques is presented emphasizing those to be available in the new Center for Materials Analysis at the University Autonoma de Madrid, Moreover, some applications to interdisciplinary fields such as Materials Science, Art and Patrimony, Environmental Sciences and Biology and Medicine are illustrated through representative examples. (Author) 40 refs.

  16. Population cardiovascular health and urban environments: the Heart Healthy Hoods exploratory study in Madrid, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usama Bilal

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Our aim is to conduct an exploratory study to provide an in-depth characterization of a neighborhood’s social and physical environment in relation to cardiovascular health. A mixed-methods approach was used to better understand the food, alcohol, tobacco and physical activity domains of the urban environment. Methods We conducted this study in an area of 16,000 residents in Madrid (Spain. We obtained cardiovascular health and risk factors data from all residents aged 45 and above using Electronic Health Records from the Madrid Primary Health Care System. We used several quantitative audit tools to assess: the type and location of food outlets and healthy food availability; tobacco and alcohol points of sale; walkability of all streets and use of parks and public spaces. We also conducted 11 qualitative interviews with key informants to help understanding the relationships between urban environment and cardiovascular behaviors. We integrated quantitative and qualitative data following a mixed-methods merging approach. Results Electronic Health Records of the entire population of the area showed similar prevalence of risk factors compared to the rest of Madrid/Spain (prevalence of diabetes: 12 %, hypertension: 34 %, dyslipidemia: 32 %, smoking: 10 %, obesity: 20 %. The food environment was very dense, with many small stores (n = 44 and a large food market with 112 stalls. Residents highlighted the importance of these small stores for buying healthy foods. Alcohol and tobacco environments were also very dense (n = 91 and 64, respectively, dominated by bars and restaurants (n = 53 that also acted as food services. Neighbors emphasized the importance of drinking as a socialization mechanism. Public open spaces were mostly used by seniors that remarked the importance of accessibility to these spaces and the availability of destinations to walk to. Conclusion This experience allowed testing and refining

  17. Urban enhancement of the heat waves in Madrid and its metropolitan area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, F.; Rasilla, D.

    2009-04-01

    The urban heat island (UHI) is a worldwide phenomenon that causes an increase of the temperatures in the centre of the cities. The process of urbanization has developed an intense urban heat island in Madrid, with temperature differences up to 10°C higher than the surrounding rural environment. Such differences may potentially increase the magnitude and duration of heat waves within cities, exacerbating their most negative effects over human health, particularly by night, as it deprives urban residents of the cool relief found in rural areas. In this contribution we study the long term trends on warm extreme temperature episodes in the Madrid metropolitan area, and their impact at local scale, on the onw city of Madrid. For the first task, we have compared maximum and minimum temperatures from rural (Barajas and Torrejón) and urban (El Retiro, Cuatro Vientos, Getafe) stations from 1961-2008; for the second one a local network of automated meteorological stations inside the city provided hourly data from the 2002-2004 years. Finally, the 2003 heat wave is used as an example of the spatial and temporal patterns of temperature and ozone concentrations during those extreme episodes. Our results show a regional increase in the frequency and duration of those extreme warm episodes since the end of the 80´s, although their absolute magnitude remains unchanged. The urban environment exacerbates the heat load due to the persistence of the high temperatures during the night-time hours, as it is shown by the above average number of tropical nights (> 20°C) inside the urban spaces, simultaneous to the increasing trend of maximum temperatures. Besides, the diversity of urban morphologies introduces a spatial variability on the strength of this nocturnal heat load, aggravating it in the densely urbanized areas and mitigating it in the vicinities of the green areas. The regional meteorological conditions associated to these warm episodes, characterized also by low wind speed

  18. Cambios territoriales en la Comunidad de Madrid: policentrismo y dispersión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARÍA TERESA GALLO RIVERA

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios en la organización de la producción, asociados a las economías y des-economías de aglomeración y a los costes de transporte, generan un impacto visible sobre la reconfiguración de las grandes metrópolis, particularmente sobre las interrelaciones existentes entre diferentes áreas urbanas y periféricas. La región de Madrid no ha estado ajena a esta dinámica, observándose la reducción del peso de la ciudad central en términos demográficos y productivos y la transformación de algunas sub-áreas en sub-centros metropolitanos. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las formas de reestructuración de la región madrileña en los últimos años, considerando que los patrones de dispersión y policentrismo pueden presentarse simultáneamente en el territorio. Se concluye la existencia de un modelo mixto con patrones de policentrismo, donde han comenzado a consolidarse sub-centros urbanos articulados en nodos de alta accesibilidad, con una dinámica propia y que pueden influir en la estructura funcional de la ciudad.The changes in the organization of production, linked to agglomeration economies and diseconomies and transport costs generate a visible impact on the reconfiguration of large metropolis, specifically on the existing interrelations between different urban and peripheral areas. The region of Madrid has been affected by this dynamic through the reduction of the relative importance of the central city in demographic and productive terms, as well as in the transformation of some areas in metropolitan sub-centers. The aim of the paper is to analyze the forms of restructuring that have affected the region of Madrid in recent years, considering that patterns of diffusion and polycentrism can be simultaneous within the same territory. The paper concludes by noting the existence of a mixed model, which presents signs of polycentrism, where urban sub-centers are articulated through nodes of high accessibility, which have

  19. Review of Immanuel Kant, Primera Introducción a la Crítica del Juicio, Edición bilingüe. Introducción, edición crítica y traducción de Nuria Sánchez Madrid (Ed. Escolar y mayo: Madrid, 2011).

    OpenAIRE

    Clara Benito Ortiz

    2015-01-01

    Review of   Immanuel Kant, Primera Introducción a la Crítica del Juicio, Edición bilingüe. Introducción, edición crítica y traducción de Nuria Sánchez Madrid (Ed. Escolar y mayo: Madrid, 2011).

  20. Edificio en las calles Edison y Francisco Silvela, Madrid (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Comenge, Alberto

    1987-10-01

    Full Text Available On a site with a surface of 7,317 m2, among the streets of Madrid Francisco Silvela, Pedro of Valdivia, Edison and Glorieta de Lopez de Hoyos, raises the building "Edison" with the size of a three arms star and 8 levels over the ground assigned for office purposes and 2 under ground for parking and installations. The volume concentration has allowed to leave beside a great garden area

    Sobre un solar de 7.317 m2, entre las calles de Francisco Silvela, Pedro de Valdivia, Edison y Glorieta de López de Hoyos, se levanta el edificio Edison con forma de estrella de tres brazos y que consta de ocho plantas sobre rasante destinadas para oficinas y dos bajos rasante para aparcamientos e instalaciones. La concentración del volumen ha permitido dejar una gran superficie para zona ajardinada.

  1. Présentation : l’Université Complutense de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Marcos Eymar

    2011-01-01

    Héritière des Écoles Générales d’Alcala crées en 1293 par le roi Sancho IV de Castille, puis de la célèbre université Complutum fondé par le Cardinal Cisneros en 1499, l’Université Complutense de Madrid est l’une des institutions culturelles les plus anciennes de l’Espagne. D’importantes figures intellectuelles comme le philosophe José Ortega y Gasset ou les prix Nobel Severo Ochoa et Santiago Ramón y Cajal ont enseigné dans des locaux qui, de 1936 à 1939, sont devenus la ligne de front de la...

  2. Seismic-wave attenuation associated with crustal faults in the new madrid seismic zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, R M; Mooney, W D

    1990-04-20

    The attenuation of upper crustal seismic waves that are refracted with a velocity of about 6 kilometers per second varies greatly among profiles in the area of the New Madrid seismic zone in the central Mississippi Valley. The waves that have the strongest attenuation pass through the seismic trend along the axis of the Reelfoot rift in the area of the Blytheville arch. Defocusing of the waves in a low-velocity zone and/or seismic scattering and absorption could cause the attenuation; these effects are most likely associated with the highly deformed rocks along the arch. Consequently, strong seismic-wave attenuation may be a useful criterion for identifying seismogenic fault zones.

  3. Sunspot Numbers and Areas from the Madrid Astronomical Observatory (1876-1986)

    CERN Document Server

    Aparicio, A J P; Carrasco, V M S; Gallego, M C

    2014-01-01

    The solar program of the Astronomical Observatory of Madrid started in 1876. For ten solar cycles, observations were made in this institution to determine sunspot numbers and areas. The program was completed in 1986. The resulting data have been published in various Spanish scientific publications. The metadata allowed four periods of this program (with different observers and instruments) to be identified. In the present work, the published data were retrieved and digitized. Their subsequent analysis showed that most of these data can be considered reliable given their very high correlation with international reference indices (International Sunspot Number, Group Sunspot Number, and Sunspot Area). An abrupt change emerged in the spots/groups ratio in 1946 which lasted until 1972.

  4. Valuation of travel time savings for intercity travel: The Madrid-Barcelona corridor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roman, Concepcion; Carlos Martin, Juan; Espino, Raquel

    2014-01-01

    We derive values of travel time savings (VOT) for the Madrid-Barcelona corridor, linking the two largest cities in Spain, based on the estimation of discrete choice models among the main public transport services in the corridor: air transport, high speed rail (HSR) and bus. The new HSR alternative...... (which started to operate in February 2008) competes directly with one of the densest airline domestic markets in the world, and its introduction produced substantial improvements in level of service, achieving reductions in travel time of more than 50% over the conventional train. A specifically...... to provide useful information to quantify users' benefits during the lifespan of a given project. We found, as expected, that HSR and air transport users exhibit substantially higher values for saving travel time than bus travellers. Also as expected, savings of waiting time are more valued than savings...

  5. Military Equipment in the Byzantine Manuscript of Scylitzes in Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruhn Hoffmeyer, Ada

    1966-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present paper is to provide an introduction to the military equipment of the Second Golden Age of the Byzantine empire as represented not by the text of Scylitzes but by the illuminators of this marvellous manuscript, the relations of the illuminations to the actual weapons and their chronology.

    El propósito de este trabajo es proporcionar una introducción al equipamiento militar durante la Segunda Edad de Oro del Imperio Bizantino, tal y como se representa no a través del texto, sino de las iluminaciones, del manuscrito Scylitzes de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid, y la comparación de las iluminaciones con el armamento auténtico y su cronología. [traducción para esta edición electrónica

  6. Florence Belmonte, Madrid, février 1965. Une ligne de partage?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Aline Barrachina

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Florence Belmonte présente ici un essai tendant à réévaluer positivement les événements universitaires de février 1965 à Madrid, et à leur conférer un poids nouveau dans le tableau chronologique du franquisme tardif tel qu’il est habituellement admis. Le titre choisi par l’auteure est en ce sens sans ambigüité : selon elle, il y aurait un avant et un après février 1965. Qu’il nous soit permis, avant de revenir sur cette thèse, de proposer un rapide descriptif de cet ouvrage d’une lecture extr...

  7. Application of new technologies in archeology of the Civil War: The Yesares, Pinto (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Díaz Moreno

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The surveys carried out in the municipality of Pinto (Madrid have enabled us to locate various structural remains linked to the military operations that took place around the capital during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939. In order to identify and record them, surveys were complemented with the use of GPS and air photographs from different time periods. Afterwards, and in collaboration with researchers from various universities, further methods aimed at generating a complete special representation of the area were applied directly to one of the sites which produced the best results, known as "los Yesares". These methods include topographic mapping that resulted in cartographic material at different scales, the photographic recording with flying Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, and the use of land scanners and GPS-corrected photogrammetrics with which to obtain 3D models.

  8. Los tipos de iniciativas empresariales de los inmigrantes en las ciudades de Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Cavalcanti

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El principal objetivo de este artículo es presentar una tipología, de carácter cualitativo, de los perfiles de los empresarios de origen inmigrante procedentes de países no comunitarios en España, y de las características de sus negocios. Se trata de ilustrar, en términos de representatividad tipológica, los rasgos y el potencial de las empresas regentadas por inmigrantes. Dicho análisis se realiza a partir del estudio titulado «El empresariado inmigrante en España» (Solé, Parella y Cavalcanti, 2007, financiado por la Fundación La Caixa, en tres contextos socioespaciales concretos donde se da una elevada concentración de población extranjera: Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia.

  9. Cinco cuadros al fresco. Los jardines de recreo en Madrid (1860-1890

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Sánchez Menchero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La necesidad de un trabajo historiográfico sobre el ocio en la edad moderna española demanda estudiar los jardines de recreo. La construcción de este tipo de espacios durante el siglo diecinueve fue no sólo una realidad en algunas ciudades europeas sino también en Madrid. Y es que, en los ámbitos urbanos, la oferta de lugares para la diversión en espacios abiertos y arbolados permitía el paseo y el recreo familiar. De esta forma, los primeros ensayos arquitectónicos pretendían tener, al lado de caminos con parques y riachuelos, una variedad de espectáculos que eran la moda de ese momento: teatro, conciertos, circo, toros, además de la práctica de deportes y la exhibición de globos y de animales.

  10. The reptile type specimens preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC) of Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Díez, Teresa; González-Fernández, José E

    2013-01-01

    A first complete list of the reptile type specimens preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC) of Madrid (updated until 15 July 2012) is provided. The collection houses a total of 319 type specimens representing 24 taxa belonging to 6 families and 12 genera. There are 22 taxa represented by primary types (19 holotypes, 2 neotypes and 1lectotype) and at least one paratype, and only two taxa are exclusively represented by one secondary type (paratype). The collection is specially rich in Spanish endemisms. Special attention is deserved by the type series of many subspecies of Podarcis lilfordi described by A. Salvador and V. Pdéez-Mellado. All type specimens are housed in the Herpetological collection except Blanus mariae and Psaimodroims occidentalis type series and Psammodroims hispanicus (neotype) which are preserved in the DNA/Tissues Collection.

  11. Barcelona and Madrid: Two different realities in the phenomenon of the Latino gangs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel López Corral

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The Latino gangs that have come into existence in Spain represent a potential risk factor for citizens’ security and coexistence. That is the view of security forces and organisations, and it also seems to be the understanding reached by the administrations of the Autonomous Communities of Catalonia and Madrid, whose actions in the light of this phenomenon are assessed in this work. To this end, the author begins with an analysis of the significance of Latino gangs inSpain, from their origins to their introduction, and carries out a review of their current situation, including their organisation, recruitment, impact and risk for citizen security. Only with suchan analysis can one begin to comprehend the scenario of dangers that will appear in the future, and the police strategy that should be introduced to deal with the phenomenon.

  12. Olas de calor e influencia urbana en Madrid y su área metropolitana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández García, F.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The frequency and duration of the warmest temperature episodes, a common phenomenon under the continental Mediterranean conditions of the Spanish Southern Meseta, has increased in the Madrid area since the 80´s, although their magnitude remains unchanged. The effect of the urban environment on those extreme events has exacerbated the heat load due to the persistence of the high temperatures along the night time hours. Nevertheless, the diversity of the urban morphology introduces a spatial variability on the strength of this nocturnal heat load, aggravating it in the densely urbanized areas and mitigating it in the vicinities of the green areas.

    La frecuencia y duración de los episodios cálidos extremos, un fenómeno habitual en el clima mediterráneo continental de la Meseta Meridional, ha aumentado en el área de Madrid desde los años noventa, aunque su magnitud permanece constante. En el interior de la aglomeración urbana, el efecto general de la ciudad sobre estos eventos climáticos extremos ha supuesto una exacerbación del calor, no tanto por un aumento de la temperatura máxima, como por una persistencia del calor en las horas nocturnas. No obstante, la diversidad de la morfología urbana introduce variaciones espaciales en la intensidad de este calor nocturno, agravando sus efectos en las áreas densamente urbanizadas y mitigándolos en las proximidades de las áreas verdes.

  13. A decision support system for water quality issues in the Manzanares River (Madrid, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paredes, Javier; Andreu, Joaquín; Solera, Abel

    2010-05-15

    The Manzanares River, located in Madrid (Spain), is the main water supplier of a highly populated region, and it also receives wastewater from the same area. The effluents of eight Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) downstream of the river, which represent 90% of the flow in the middle and lower parts of the river, are the primary sources of water pollution. Although the situation has improved slightly in the last two years, the water in the river is highly polluted, making it uninhabitable for aquatic life. Water quality modelling is typically used to assess the effect of treatment improvements in water bodies. In this work, the GESCAL module of the Aquatool Decision Support System Shell was used to simulate water quality in the Manzanares River. GESCAL is appropriate for modelling in an integrated way water quality for whole water resources systems, including reservoirs and rivers. A model was built that simulates conductivity, phosphorous, carbonaceous organic matter, dissolved oxygen, organic nitrogen, ammonia, and nitrates. The period from October 2006 to September 2008 was selected for calibration due to the many treatment modifications that occurred during this time. An earlier and longer period, from October 2000 to September 2006, was used for validation. In addition, a daily model was used to analyse the robustness of the GESCAL model. Once the GESCAL model was validated, different scenarios were considered and simulated. First, different combinations of nutrient elimination among the different WWTPs were simulated, leading to the conclusion that investments have to focus on three of the proposed WWTPs. Moreover, these treatments will not be sufficient to maintain fish habitat conditions at all times. Additional measures, such as the increment of the flow in the river or oxygen injection, were simulated. Incrementing the flow of the Manzanares River has been shown to be an efficient means of increasing water quality, but this implies an increment in the

  14. La Gazeta de Madrid y la Guerra de Sucesión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rosa CAL MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El artículo estudia el papel que desempeñó la Gazeta de Madrid durante la Guerra de Sucesión en España, tema inédito. Desde el siglo XVII las Cortes europeas disponían de publicaciones periódicas que amparaban o subvencionaban a cambio de controlar los contenidos y de que en ellas apareciesen todas las noticias que favoreciesen a las diversas Coronas. En España la primera Gazeta a favor de la monarquía surgió también en el siglo XVII fue una concesión del rey Felipe IV a su hijo bastardo Juan José de Austria. Es esta misma Gazeta (tras pasar por diferentes vicisitudes, la que recoge los acontecimientos de 1701 a 1714. Como vamos a comprobar, la publicación silencia las derrotas y los desastres, y magnifica las victorias y los éxitos de las tropas reales; y deja muy claro quiénes eran los amigos del monarca.ABSTRACT: This article studies the role that la Gazeta de Madrid had during the Spanish Succession War, a subject that has not been investigated before. Since the XVII century, European Courts had periodical publications that were supported or funded to control the information. Therefore, these publications only printed news approved by the Spanish Royalty and that favoured the different Crowns. In Spain, this first royalist Gazette in favour of monarchy also began in the XVII century and was a concession of Felipe IV to his bastard son, Juan José de Austria. This is also the Gazette, after different problems were overcome, that published information about the 1701-14 events. As we can see, the gazette remains silent about the defeats and magnifies the triumphs and successes of the royal troops, and gives a clear idea of who were the monarch’s friends.

  15. Edificio de oficinas en el paseo de recoletos. Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrada Pfeiffer, R.

    1988-02-01

    Full Text Available The projected building is an attempt to respond to the problems resulting from the construction of a modern office building in a significant, characteristic and consolidated urban environment of Madrid. Among the problems considered by the authors are their relationship with the existing medium-sized buildings, as well as location (the corner of a consolidated block on the avenue-axis Castellana-Recoletos, arquitectonic language (composition of façades, and construction and construction materials (stone and glass. Therefore, the building is conceived from a plan of necessities (offices set in "landscape floors", and as an expression of its urban location, in an area whose uniqueness and importance themselves have suggested the shapes, the materials and their expression.

    El proyecto intentó dar respuesta a los problemas que plantea la construcción de un edificio moderno de oficinas en un entorno urbano muy significativo, característico y consolidado de Madrid. Se han valorado tanto los problemas de enlace con los edificios medianeros, como los problemas de situación (esquina de una manzana consolidada en el paseo o eje Castellana-Recoletos, los problemas de lenguaje arquitectónico (composición de las fachadas y los de su construcción y sus materiales (piedra y cristal. Por tanto, se concibe el edificio a partir del programa de necesidades (oficinas en "planta paisaje", como expresión de su situación urbana, en un entorno cuya singularidad e importancia, han ido sugiriendo las formas, los materiales y su expresión.

  16. Influence of the ozone profile above Madrid (Spain) on Brewer estimation of ozone air mass factor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anton, M. [Univ. de Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain). Dept. de Fisica; Evora Univ. (PT). Goephysics Centre of Evora (CGE); Lopez, M.; Banon, M. [Agenica Estatal de Meteorologia (AEMET), Madrid (Spain); Costa, M.J.; Silva, A.M. [Evora Univ. (PT). Goephysics Centre of Evora (CGE); Evora Univ. (Portugal). Dept. of Physics; Serrano, A. [Univ. de Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain). Dept. de Fisica; Bortoli, D. [Evora Univ. (PT). Goephysics Centre of Evora (CGE); Vilaplana, J.M. [Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Huelva (Spain). Estacion de Sondeos Atmosferico ' ' El Arenosillo' '

    2009-07-01

    The methodology used by Brewer spectroradiometers to estimate the ozone column is based on differential absorption spectroscopy. This methodology employs the ozone air mass factor (AMF) to derive the total ozone column from the slant path ozone amount. For the calculating the ozone AMF, the Brewer algorithm assumes that the ozone layer is located at a fixed height of 22 km. However, for a real specific site the ozone presents a certain profile, which varies spatially and temporally depending on the latitude, altitude and dynamical conditions of the atmosphere above the site of measurements. In this sense, this work address the reliability of the mentioned assumption and analyses the influence of the ozone profiles measured above Madrid (Spain) in the ozone AMF calculations. The approximated ozone AMF used by the Brewer algorithm is compared with simulations obtained using the libRadtran radiative transfer model code. The results show an excellent agreement between the simulated and the approximated AMF values for solar zenith angle lower than 75 . In addition, the relative differences remain lower than 2% at 85 . These good results are mainly due to the fact that the altitude of the ozone layer assumed constant by the Brewer algorithm for all latitudes notably can be considered representative of the real profile of ozone above Madrid (average value of 21.7{+-}1.8 km). The operational ozone AMF calculations for Brewer instruments are limited, in general, to SZA below 80 . Extending the usable SZA range is especially relevant for Brewer instruments located at high mid-latitudes. (orig.)

  17. Strong ground motion inferred from liquefaction caused by the 1811-1812 New Madrid, Missouri, earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Thomas L.; Noce, Thomas E.; Bennett, Michael J.

    2015-01-01

    Peak ground accelerations (PGAs) in the epicentral region of the 1811–1812 New Madrid, Missouri, earthquakes are inferred from liquefaction to have been no greater than ∼0.35g. PGA is inferred in an 11,380  km2 area in the Lower Mississippi Valley in Arkansas and Missouri where liquefaction was extensive in 1811–1812. PGA was inferred by applying liquefaction probability curves, which were originally developed for liquefaction hazard mapping, to detailed maps of liquefaction by Obermeier (1989). The low PGA is inferred because both a shallow (1.5 m deep) water table and a large moment magnitude (M 7.7) earthquake were assumed in the analysis. If a deep (5.0 m) water table and a small magnitude (M 6.8) earthquake are assumed, the maximum inferred PGA is 1.10g. Both inferred PGA values are based on an assumed and poorly constrained correction for sand aging. If an aging correction is not assumed, then the inferred PGA is no greater than 0.22g. A low PGA value may be explained by nonlinear site response. Soils in the study area have an averageVS30 of 220±15  m/s. A low inferred PGA is consistent with PGA values estimated from ground‐motion prediction equations that have been proposed for the New Madrid seismic zone when these estimates are corrected for nonlinear soil site effects. This application of liquefaction probability curves demonstrates their potential usefulness in paleoseismology.

  18. Metabolic syndrome: prevalence, associated factors, and C-reactive protein: the MADRIC (MADrid RIesgo Cardiovascular) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Maria A; Puig, Juan G; Mora, Marta; Aragón, Rosa; O'Dogherty, Pascual; Antón, José L; Sánchez-Villares, Teresa; Rubio, José M; Rosado, Javier; Torres, Rosa; Marcos, Joaquín; Pallardo, Luis F; Banegas, José R

    2008-09-01

    The metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined by the clustering of a number of cardiovascular risk factors. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence of MS in Madrid (Spain) by 2 definitions and to investigate its relationship with several sociodemographic factors and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. This was a cross-sectional population study, and participants were 1344 subjects aged 31 to 70 years. Clinical evaluation included data on sociodemographic and cardiovascular background, physical examination, fasting glucose, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The CRP levels were determined in a subgroup of 843 subjects. The diagnosis of MS was made according to the 2005 Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions. The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of MS was 24.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 22.3%-26.9%) using the ATP III definition and 30.9% (95% CI, 28.4%-33.3%) using the International Diabetes Federation definition. The overall agreement rate was 91.5% (kappa = 0.80; 95% CI, 0.76-0.83). Prevalence figures by both definitions were higher in men than in women and increased with age. Male sex, older age, low educational level, and physical inactivity were all determinants of ATP III-defined MS. The presence of MS or any of its components was associated with high CRP levels. In a logistic regression analysis, low educational level and waist circumference were the best predictors for high CRP level. The prevalence of MS in the Madrid region is one of the highest in Europe and confirms the strong Spanish regional variability in this syndrome frequency. Some sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, particularly educational level, are predictors for MS and high CRP levels.

  19. Rehabilitación del teatro centro de Navalcarnero-Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verdú, Miguel

    1986-05-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the renovation of a small Theatre considered essentially from a functional point of view. The theatre is located in a city of about 9.000 inhabitants near Madrid; the renovation work is now nearing its end. There is a brief description of the environment, characteristics and condition of the preexistent building, as well as a more detailed version of the architectural modifications carried out in the various functional areas of the building (Stage and FIy Tower, Auditorium, Foyers, Public Facilities, Office, Dressing Rooms, Technical Rooms, Workshops and Stores, General Installations and Artists and Technicians Facilities. Finally, the new theatre equipment (Fire Protection, Furniture, Stage Lighting, Stage Machinery, Sound Equipment, Stage Dress, Film Projection and Sundry Equipment is reviewed.En este artículo se describe la Rehabilitación de un pequeño teatro desde un punto de vista básicamente funcional. El teatro está situado en una ciudad de unos 9.000 habitantes próxima a Madrid; la obra de Rehabilitación se encuentra en su última fase. Se describen brevemente el entorno, características y estado de conservación del edificio preexistente y, con mayor detalle, las intervenciones arquitectónicas llevadas a cabo en las distintas zonas funcionales del edificio (Caja de Escena, Sala, Vestíbulos, Servicios del Público, Oficina, Camerinos, Locales Técnicos, Talleres y Almacenes, Instalaciones Generales y Servicios del Personal. Por último se pasa revista a los distintos capítulos del equipamiento teatral implantado (Protección contra Incendios, Mobiliario, Iluminación Escénica, Maquinaria Escénica, Equipo de Sonido, Vestido de Escenario, Proyección Cinematográfica y Equipamientos Varios.

  20. Edificio de «La Caixa» Madrid – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosch Aymerich, José M.

    1980-10-01

    Full Text Available This eight-storey building, for «La Caixa», occupies a city block on the downtown avenue of Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid. The lower floors have cants on their four corners, which fade away gradually giving the building a more original note. All of the floors are developed about a central core, and the lower floors are to be used for «La Caixa» needs. The foundations were carried out on the basis of reinforced concrete piles. Metal pillars were used for the structure, and the flooring system was on the basis of a continuous reinforced slab. The exterior of the building was executed in the form of an aluminium curtain wall, with finishing touches in a U shape which break up the glazed surface.

    Este edificio de ocho plantas, destinado a «La Caixa», ocupa una manzana en el céntrico Paseo de la Castellana de Madrid. Las plantas Inferiores presentan chaflanes en sus cuatro esquinas, los cuales van desapareciendo progresivamente ganando así el edificio en originalidad. Todas las plantas, de las cuales las inferiores están destinadas al servicio de «La Caixa», se desarrollan en torno a un núcleo central. La cimentación se realizó a base de pilotes de hormigón armado. Para la estructura se emplearan pilares metálicos y el sistema de forjado a base de una losa continua armada. Se adoptó para las fachadas la solución de un muro cortina de aluminio, con remates en forma de U que cortan la superficie acristalada.

  1. Spatially resolved MAXDOAS measurements of Nitrogen Dioxide and Formaldehyde at Madrid (41°N)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puentedura, Olga; Yela, Margarita; Navarro-Comas, Monica; Gomez-Martin, Laura; Garcia-Nieto, David; Benavent, Nuria; Wang, Shanshan; Anguas, Monica; Cuevas, Carlos A.; Saiz-Lopez, Alfonso

    2016-04-01

    A multi-instrumental campaign has been carried out at a polluted environment in the city of Madrid (Spain, 41°N) in order to determinate the distribution of NO2 and HCHO in a South-North axis of the city. The instrumentation was deployed at the terrace of the ICA-CSIC (Institute of Agrarian Sciences) premises located in the North-East part of city which height provides free-horizon observations. The campaign was held during the end of September and beginning of October 2015, being in its most part characterized by a high pressure system located over Madrid with clear skies although at the end of the campaign broken clouds during the late evening and rain was also observed. The instruments involved in the campaign were two MAXDOAS spectrometers, observing towards North and South axis respectively. A CIMEL to obtain AOD total column, a NOx in situ monitor in order to provide NO2 concentration at the level of the observations and a weather station. During the beginning and in the middle of the campaign, both MAXDOAS spectrometers were deployed to observe the same air-mass in order to assess the consistency of measurements when both instruments are observing different air-masses. Observations show a different daily pattern in the South-North axis of the city probably related to the distribution of population, the industrial activities and traffic. Observed columns at the level of the observations are always greater towards South, except during the weekend, when an increasing on NO2 columns is observed northwards. A more detailed discussion of the differences in the North-South observations in HCHO and NO2 is presented in this work.

  2. Varicella and Herpes Zoster in Madrid, based on the Sentinel General Practitioner Network: 1997–2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez-Rodríguez Ángeles

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Varicella (chickenpox is the primary disease caused by varicella-zoster virus. It is extremely contagious and is frequent in children. Indeed, in the absence of vaccination, a high proportion of the population is liable to contract it. Herpes zoster -more frequent among adults- is caused by reactivation of the latent virus. The objective of this study is to describe the status of and time trend for varicella and herpes zoster in the Madrid Autonomous Region prior to the introduction of the vaccine to the general population. Methods Data source: individualised varicella and herpes zoster case records kept by the Madrid Autonomous Region Sentinel General Practitioner Network for the period 1997–2004. Cumulative incidences, crude and standardised incidence rates, and age-specific rates of varicella and herpes zoster were calculated for each year. Kendall's Tau-b correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate whether incidence displayed a time trend. Spectral density in the time series of weekly incidences was estimated using a periodogram. Results Standardised annual varicella incidence rates ranged from 742.5 (95% CI: 687.2 – 797.7 to 1239.6 (95% CI: 1164.5 – 1313.4 cases per 100 000 person-years. Most cases affected children, though complications were more frequent in adults. Varicella incidence displayed an annual periodicity but no trend over time. Most herpes zoster cases occurred at advanced ages, with incidence registering a rising annual trend but no seasonality factor. Conclusion In the absence of vaccination, no significant changes in varicella incidence were in evidence recent years, though these were observed in the incidence of herpes zoster. Sentinel general practitioner networks are a valid instrument for surveillance of diseases such as varicella. Further varicella vaccination-coverage and vaccine-efficacy studies are called for.

  3. Strike-slip faulting at Thebes Gap, Missouri and Illinois: Implications for New Madrid tectonism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Richard W.; Schultz, Art

    1994-04-01

    Numerous NNE and NE striking strike-slip faults and associated normal faults, folds, and transtensional grabens occur in the Thebes Gap area of Missouri and Illinois. These structures developed along the northwestern margin of the buried Reelfoot rift of Precambrian-Cambrian age at the northern edge of the Mississippi embayment. They have had a long-lived and complex structural history. This is an area of recent moderate seismicity, approximately 45 km north of the New Madrid seismic zone. Stratigraphic evidence suggests that these faults were active during the Middle Ordovician. They were subsequently reactivated between the Early Devonian and Late Cretaceous, probably in response to both the Acadian and Ouachita orogenies. Deformation during this period was characterized by strongly faulted and folded Ordovician through Devonian rocks. In places, these deformed rocks are overlain with angular unconformity by undeformed Cretaceous strata. Fault motion is interpreted as dominantly strike slip. A still younger period of reactivation involved Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic formations as young as the Miocene or Pliocene Mounds Gravel. These formations have experienced both minor high-angle normal faulting and subsequent major, right-lateral strike-slip faulting. En echelon north-south folds, ENE striking normal faults, regional fracture patterns, and drag folds indicate the right-lateral motion for this major episode of faulting which predates deposition of Quaternary loess. Several nondefinitive lines of evidence suggest Quaternary faulting. Similar fault orientations and kinematics, as well as recent seismicity and proximity, clearly suggest a structural relationship between deformation at Thebes Gap and tectonism associated with the New Madrid area.

  4. Nueva sede del banco hipotecario de España. Madrid. España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Pérez, José Ignacio

    1989-02-01

    Full Text Available The new office building of the Banco Hipotecario de España (Mortgage Bank of Spain located in downtown Madrid at 12 Paseo de Recoletos, is one of the most characteristic examples of a determinate construction procedure in this city. The original façades of the building were preserved and restored due to the necessity of taking into account the urban landscape. Stabilizing scaffolding and gunite in the interior of said façades were used in the restoration process. Because of the necessity of clearing and removing earth from the lot to construct three basements, as well as the presence of joint party walls, core walls and perimetre piles with antifuniculars for shoring up were also constructed. This new building meets all the needs of a modern bank, being equipped with an automated management and control system.

    El nuevo edificio de oficinas para el Banco Hipotecario de España, situado en el centro de Madrid en el paseo de Recoletos, n° 12, constituye un ejemplo característico en la ciudad de un determinado proceso constructivo. La obligada consideración del paisaje urbano ha tenido como consecuencia la conservación y restauración de las fachadas del edificio primitivo. En el proceso se han utilizado andamios estabilizadores y gunitado interior de dichas fachadas. La necesidad de vaciar el solar para construir tres sótanos, así como la presencia de las medianerías colindantes, han conllevado la construcción de muros pantallas y pilotes perimetrales con antifuniculares de arriostramiento. El nuevo edificio responde a las necesidades de un banco moderno, así pues va dotado de un sistema automatizado de gestión y control.

  5. La Diosa Blanca y el Real Madrid. Celebraciones deportivas y espacio urbano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortiz García, Carmen

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most frequent topics analyzed by anthropologists studying the social and cultural expressions around football is the relation between the soccer teams and the cities where they are based. In this paper an introduction is presented to the uses, both symbolic and practical, of the urban space by the soccer hooligans in Madrid and other Spanish cities. Specifically it treats the controversial question of the seizure in the last decades of some elements of the urban heritage (monuments, squares, fountains, etc. by huge concentration of hooligans celebrating the victories of their teams in the championships. The analysis of these “football parties” focuses on the various social agents playing a role in the definition of heritage and the possibilities of its public use.

    Las relaciones que tienen los equipos de fútbol con sus ciudades ha sido uno de los aspectos destacados más frecuentemente por los antropólogos dedicados al estudio de las manifestaciones sociales y culturales desarrolladas alrededor de este deporte. En este trabajo se parte de una presentación de las condiciones de uso, prácticas y simbólicas, del espacio urbano por parte de los hinchas de fútbol en Madrid y otras ciudades españolas. Concretamente se expone la cuestión polémica de la apropiación de ciertos elementos del patrimonio urbano (monumentos, plazas, fuentes ocurrida durante las últimas décadas en las grandes concentraciones que tienen lugar con motivo de la celebración de las victorias de los clubes en los campeonatos. El análisis de estas “fiestas del fútbol” se centrará en los diferentes agentes sociales que juegan un papel en la definición de los bienes patrimoniales y las posibilidades de uso del espacio público.

  6. Influence of the ozone profile above Madrid (Spain) on Brewer estimation of ozone air mass factor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antón, M.; López, M.; Costa, M. J.; Serrano, A.; Bortoli, D.; Bañón, M.; Vilaplana, J. M.; Silva, A. M.

    2009-08-01

    The methodology used by Brewer spectroradiometers to estimate the ozone column is based on differential absorption spectroscopy. This methodology employs the ozone air mass factor (AMF) to derive the total ozone column from the slant path ozone amount. For the calculating the ozone AMF, the Brewer algorithm assumes that the ozone layer is located at a fixed height of 22 km. However, for a real specific site the ozone presents a certain profile, which varies spatially and temporally depending on the latitude, altitude and dynamical conditions of the atmosphere above the site of measurements. In this sense, this work address the reliability of the mentioned assumption and analyses the influence of the ozone profiles measured above Madrid (Spain) in the ozone AMF calculations. The approximated ozone AMF used by the Brewer algorithm is compared with simulations obtained using the libRadtran radiative transfer model code. The results show an excellent agreement between the simulated and the approximated AMF values for solar zenith angle lower than 75°. In addition, the relative differences remain lower than 2% at 85°. These good results are mainly due to the fact that the altitude of the ozone layer assumed constant by the Brewer algorithm for all latitudes notably can be considered representative of the real profile of ozone above Madrid (average value of 21.7±1.8 km). The operational ozone AMF calculations for Brewer instruments are limited, in general, to SZA below 80°. Extending the usable SZA range is especially relevant for Brewer instruments located at high mid-latitudes.

  7. Restauración del Teatro Español Madrid-España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1980-04-01

    Full Text Available In October 1975 the Spanish National Theatre was destroyed by a fire which started on stage and reached a large part of the theatre and the ceiling which, with its great candelabra, collapsed onto the parterre. The Madrid Town Hall, with the cooperation of the Ministry of Culture, performed magnificent restoration work and converted this theatre in one of the most advances in our country, not only regarding its scenery technique — taking maximum advantage of the stage, deepening the pits, establishing new borders and stage machinery, etc. — but also adding some magnificent installations, such as the air conditioning and the sophisticated electronic heat and smoke detector system.

    El Teatro Español, en octubre de 1975, se destruyó por un incendio iniciado en el escenario y que alcanzó una gran parte de la sala y del techo, el cual, con su gran lámpara, se derrumbo sobre el patio de butacas. El Ayuntamiento de Madrid, con la colaboración del Ministerio de Cultura, realizó una magnífica labor de restauración y convirtió este teatro en uno de los más avanzados de nuestro país, no sólo en cuanto a su técnica escénica —aprovechando al máximo el escenario, profundizando los fosos, estableciendo nuevas bambalinas y tramoyas, etc.— sino además añadiéndole unas magnificas instalaciones, tales como la de aire acondicionado y el sofisticado sistema de detectores electrónicos de calor y humo.

  8. La enfermera en el monumento madrileño (1908-1936 The nurse in Madrid`s monuments (1908 - 1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Teresa Miralles-Sangro

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available La entrada de España en la Edad Contemporánea fechada en 1.808 se caracterizó por grandes cambios, conflictos sociopolíticos, económicos y culturales que se mantuvieron a lo largo de todo el siglo XIX alargándose en el tiempo hasta completar el primer tercio del siguiente, del siglo XX. En este periodo analizamos la influencia de la enfermera a través de su presencia en el monumento público o privado, como señal de reconocimiento social. El objetivo será examinar los monumentos femeninos de Madrid, tratando de descubrir aquellos que representan la imagen de la enfermera. Elegimos este marco cronológico por dos aspectos: por un lado, porque es en el siglo XIX donde arranca la enfermería como profesión y por otro lado, porque se considera en esta misma época, la aparición del monumento, como elemento figurativo de las ciudades. Como resultado de nuestra investigación, se describe el monumento a la Duquesa de la Victoria (datación, procedencia y estilo artístico, con quien se identificó el cuerpo de enfermeras de la Cruz Roja y en la que se destacó la labor llevada a cabo junto a "los soldados heridos y enfermos en la campaña de Marruecos". Realizando así el análisis iconográfico de un monumento relacionado con los cuidados de enfermería; identificación del tema iconográfico, contextualización histórica e interpretación iconológica. Puede servirnos como conclusión la idea de que pocas eran las posibilidades que las enfermeras tenían en aquellos años para poder sobresalir en el entramado social, pero que se supo aprovechar el momento haciéndose merecedoras del reconocimiento social que posteriormente daría paso a la estructura y desarrollo de una educación regulada y con reconocimiento universitario.The Contemporary Era saw its beginnings in Spain in 1808. This brought great changes and socio-political, economical and cultural conflicts. These lasted through the XIXth Century and did not see their end until the

  9. Distribución y patrones de diversidad de los Afódidos en la Comunidad de Madrid (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea, Aphodiidae, Aphodiinae y Psammodiinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hortal, J.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available In this work we present an updated checklist of the Aphodiidae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea from Comunidad de Madrid (Spain. In addition, the observed and potential distributions of the 70 species found in Madrid are mapped. The potential spatial distributions of species richness, rarity and endemism in this region are also mapped. Finally, we discuss briefly the origin of the observed patterns.

    En este trabajo se presenta un inventario actualizado de los Aphodiidae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea de la Comunidad de Madrid. Además, se presentan mapas de la distribución observada y potencial de las 70 especies encontradas en Madrid, así como de la distribución espacial de la riqueza, rareza, y endemicidad potencial en la región. Finalmente, se discute brevemente el origen de los patrones observados.

  10. Assessment of the Atmospheric Suspended Particles Pollution in the Madrid Air Quality Networks; Evaluacion de la Contaminacion Atmosferica producida por Particulas en Suspension en las Redes de Calidad del Aire de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salvador, P.; Artinano, B.

    2000-07-01

    Suspended particles are a very complex type of atmospheric pollution because of their chemical composition and size. In fact, there are a quite high number of particles sources which are linked to different physico-chemical processes that determine their size. At present particles smaller than 10 {mu}m are considered the most dangerous, as has been recently pointed out by numerous epidemiologic studies. In this way, more restrictive concentration limit values have been approved in the EU countries, so an assessment of present airborne concentration values and the sources apportionment in their most representative areas is needed. In the Madrid Community a first approaching of these and other aims, has been carried out from an analysis of the Madrid Air Quality networks data. This will contribute to the stablishment of concentration levels abatement strategies. (Author) 111 refs.

  11. Elena De Miguel, Marina Fernández Lagunilla, Flavia Cartoni (eds. (2000, Sobre el lenguaje: miradas plurales y singulares. Ediciones de la Universidad Autonoma de Madrid. Madrid: Publicaciones Arrecife; 159 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Markič

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available El libro fue publicado en la colección Punto Cero dedicada a difundir las más recientes propuestas científicas para el estudio, descripción y comprensión del lenguaje. El libro reúne una serie de estudios del lenguaje presentados en las jomadas hispanoitalianas organizadas en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid en mayo de 1998 bajo el título Dos jornadas particulares con el respaldo moral y financiero de la UAM, el Instituto Italiano de Cultura de Madrid y la editorial Arrecife. El libro es una recopilación de ocho estudios sobre diferentes aspectos del lenguaje escritos por nueve hispanistas y consta de 159 páginas incluyendo los agradecimientos y el prólogo.

  12. Physico-chemical quality of drinking water in the northwest area of Madrid (Spain); Calidad fisico-quimica de las aguas de abastecimiento de la zona noroeste de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Mata, M.; Orzaez Villanueva, M. T.; Tenorio Sanz, M. D.; Garcia Puertas, P. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain); Montes Boltella, C. [Universidad Carlos III. Leganes Madrid (Spain)

    2001-07-01

    A physico-chemical analytical study of the edible waters of the northwest area of Madrid has been made. The object was to evaluate the quality characters of this water thought the water analysis of 40 representative buildings. The parameters analyzed were odour, taste, turbidity, pH, conductivity, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, oxid ability and chlorine. The results show the analyzed waters agree with the current public consume waters legislation through with some punctual exceptions. (Author) 13 refs.

  13. Water management of the Retiro and Casa de Campo lakes in Madrid; Control de la calidad del agua de estanques urbanos recreativos. Ensayos en el Estanque Grande del Retiro y el Lago de la Casa de Campo (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romo Perez, S. [Universidad de Valencia (Spain); Benito Igualador, E. [Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Spain); Becares Mantecon, E. [Universidad de Leon (Spain)

    1998-07-01

    The effects of aluminium sulphate on the water quality of the Retiro and Casa de Campo lakes in Madrid during 1992 and 1993 are reported. Results revealed that this technique improved water quality only for short term periods. The technique mostly reduced nutrients concentrations, but resulted almost inefficient for micro algal control. Some guidelines are given in order to get long-term results for water management of urban lakes. (Author) 15 Refs.

  14. Evaluation of atmospheric pollution in the soils in Madrid: the critical load concept; Evaluacion del impacto que la contaminacion atmosferica origina en los suelos de la comunidad de Madrid: El concepto de cargas criticas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Cabrero, B.; Jimenez Ballesta, R.; Gutierrez Marota, A. [Departamento de Quimica Agricola, Geologia y Geoquimica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    1995-07-01

    The increase of industrial activities in the origin of atmospheric emissions and damage in the earth. In order to calculate the effective control of SO{sub {sup .}} NO{sub x}, NH{sub 3} a new concept is proposed the critical loads. This concept was proposed by Nilsson and Grennfelt to calculate this acidification load in the ecosystem without damage ecological effects. This article presents the critical load in the soils of Madrid.

  15. The Madrid Royal Schools of St. Elisabeth and Loreto according Constitutions of 1715 and 1718 Los Reales Colegios de Santa Isabel y Loreto de Madrid según sus constituciones de 1715 y 1718

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz COMELLA GUTIÉRREZ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto were founded by Philip II at the end of 16th Century. Both institutions provided education for orphan girls. They still exist as Catholic coeducational schools granted by the Education Department. These two Schools were Royal Sponsorship belonging to Palace ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The Schools Constitutions sanctioned by Philip V have been preserved until now. Although these Schools have a parallel history, the mentioned Constitutions are completely different for each School. According to these Norms, the Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto have many differences between them.Los Reales Colegios de Santa Isabel y Loreto de Madrid para niñas huérfanas fueron fundados por Felipe II a finales del siglo XVI. Ambas instituciones siguen funcionando en la actualidad como centros educativos católicos mixtos y concertados. Los dos fueron patronatos reales pertenecientes a la jurisdicción eclesiástica de Palacio. Se han conservado las Constituciones de ambos aprobadas bajo el reinado de Felipe V. Aunque los Colegios tienen una historia paralela, la citada normativa es muy diferente para cada institución; según las Constituciones, Santa Isabel y Loreto tienen más aspectos diferenciadores que comunes.

  16. La fábrica de cervezas "El Águila" de Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Marcos, J.

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available "El Águila" beer factory of Madrid presents a high interest. On one hand, it emphasizes their formal values, which are characteristic of the constructive Spanish model of the first quarter of this century; on the other it represents the adaptation of a changing industrial process along its history. The architecture makes itself clearly dependent of its function, of its use, with a remarkable response.

    La fábrica de cervezas "El Águila" de Madrid presenta un alto interés. Por un lado, destacan sus valores, característicos del modelo constructivo español del primer cuarto de este siglo; por otro, representa la adaptación de la arquitectura a un proceso industrial cambiante a lo largo de su historia. La arquitectura se hace claramente dependiente de su función, del uso albergado, con una notable respuesta.

  17. La Reforma de la Salud Mental en Madrid (2: Plan de Reforma del Hospital Psiquiátrico Provincial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro E Muñoz

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available El Instituto de la Salud Mental de Madrid, entre sus objetivos asistenciales para los años 82-87 tiene el desarrollo de los programas de integración de los cuidados de la Salud Mental en la Atención Primaria de la Salud de la población. En la actualidad este programa incide especialmente en la formación en Salud Mental de los equipos de Atención Primaria, potenciación, subvención, apoyo y coordinación de los recursos de Atención Primaria dependientes de los centros de salud municipales y de los dispositivos de medicina comunitaria del INSALUD en la provincia de Madrid.

  18. Building a panel data set on fuel stations located in the Spanish regional areas of Madrid and Barcelona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaguer, Jacint; Ripollés, Jordi

    2016-06-01

    The data described in this article were collected daily over the period June 10, 2010, to November 25, 2012, from the website of the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism. The database includes information about fuel stations regarding to their prices (both gross and net of taxes), brand, location (latitude and longitude), and postal code in the Spanish provinces of Madrid and Barcelona. Moreover, obtaining the postal codes has allowed us to select those stations that are operating within the metropolitan areas of Madrid and Barcelona. By considering those fuel stations that uninterruptedly provided prices during the entire period, the data can be especially useful to explore the dynamics of prices in fuel markets. This is the case of Balaguer and Ripollés (2016), "Asymmetric fuel price responses under heterogeneity" [1], who, taking into account the presence of the potential heterogeneity of the behaviour of fuel stations, used this statistical information to perform an analysis on asymmetric fuel price responses.

  19. Prevalencia de consumo de tabaco entre las medicas y enfermeras de la comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Ruiz Mª Luisa

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: El tabaquismo es responsable de una elevada mortalidad y morbilidad en nuestro pais. El tabaquismo de los profesionales de la salud tiene influencia sobre los hábitos de la población. En España, el tabaquismo esta incrementándose entre las mujeres. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es estudiar la prevalencia de consumo de tabaco entre las médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid, así como sus actitudes y conocimientos respecto al tabaquismo. MÉTODOS: Se ha realizado un estudio descriptivo transversal entre las mujeres profesionales de la salud (médicas y enfermeras de la Comunidad de Madrid, mediante una encuesta sobre hábito tabáquico, en un muestreo polietápico por conglomerados. RESULTADOS: Se han estudiado 1.235 profesionales ( 435 médicas y 800 enfermeras. El 43,07% del total son fumadoras, siendo el tabaquismo mayor en las enfermeras (47,62% que en las médicas (34,71%, y entre quienes trabajan en atención especializada (46,68% que entre las que lo hacen en atención primaria (35,29%. El tabaquismo fue diferente en ambas profesiones.según la edad En las médicas era menor tabaquismo en las edades entre 20 y 30 años (22,88%, y en las enfermeras este grupo de edad era el que tenia un mayor porcentaje de fumadoras (52,38%. Eran exfumadoras el 18,3% del total de las encuestadas, y el 64,65% de las que fumaban señalaron que habían intentado dejarlo. Un 2,93% fumaban delante de los/as pacientes, y un 14,94% pensaban que debía permitirse fumar en las salas de espera. El 27,46% creían que estaba permitido fumar en su area de trabajo, y el 90,64% señaló que se fumaba habitualmente en las salas de uso común del personal sanitario, y un 30,37% respondió que existía un lugar especifico para fumar en el centro de trabajo. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de tabaquismo entre las profesionales de la salud, médicas y enfermeras, de la Comunidad de Madrid, es elevada, superior a la de la población general de igual edad

  20. Las sociedades musicales en el Madrid de Isabel II (1833-1868

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diez Huerga, M. Aurelia

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available After the fall of the monarchist absolutism, the middle class, whom the economic liberalism gives an unprecedented strength, demands new entertainments, new places to make profitable social relationships and, definitely, new ways to show their influence and power. On the other hand, the shift of political rules allows people to express and gather, even if with some restrictions, and opens the door to the progressive democratization of society, with its cultural consequences. That ensemble of factors leads to the appearance of many different institutions but with a constant feature: the defence of the liberal ideas, the good fellowship and communication among individuals (which includes the recreational side, the cultural divulging and artistic expression. It is at this point that establishments with both musical and educational activity must be taken into account. This essay intends to go through organizations such as Liceo Artístico y Literario, Instituto Español, La Unión, Museo Lírico, El Genio and many other artistic societies which proliferated during the 1830s and 1840s, centres with an intense social and musical activity in Madrid during Isabel II's era. Their influence in this area must be underlined, as devoted to promote performance, composition and, which is highly important, music instruction. The selected society of Madrid could be found there, gathered to learn music rudiments, singing and playing as well as to listen to the repertory in vogue at that time and to take part itself in its performance.

    Tras la caída del absolutismo monárquico, la burguesía, a quien el liberalismo económico dota de una pujanza sin precedentes, demanda nuevos entretenimientos, nuevos espacios para granjearse relaciones sociales convenientes y, en definitiva, nuevas formas para ostentar su influencia y poder. Por otra parte, el cambio de régimen político abre las puertas a las libertades de expresión y de reunión, aunque sea con

  1. Understanding differences in the local food environment across countries: A case study in Madrid (Spain) and Baltimore (USA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díez, Julia; Bilal, Usama; Cebrecos, Alba; Buczynski, Amanda; Lawrence, Robert S; Glass, Thomas; Escobar, Francisco; Gittelsohn, Joel; Franco, Manuel

    2016-08-01

    Places where we buy food influence dietary patterns, making local food environments a good example of a mass influence on population diets. Cross-cultural studies, using reliable methods, may help understanding the relationship between food environments and diet-related health outcomes. We aimed to understand cross-national differences in the local food environment between Madrid and Baltimore by comparing an average neighborhood in each city in terms of food store types, healthy food availability, and residents' pedestrian access. During 2012-2013, we assessed one neighborhood (~15,000 residents) in each city selecting median areas in terms of socio-demographic characteristics (segregation, education, aging, and population density). We collected on-field data on (a) number and types of all food stores, (b) overall healthy food availability and (c) specific availability of fruits & vegetables. Throughout a street network analysis (200m, 400m and 800m) of food stores with high healthy food availability, we estimated residents' pedestrian accessibility. We found 40 stores in Madrid and 14 in Baltimore. Small food stores carrying fresh foods in Madrid contrasted with the high presence of corner and chain convenience stores in Baltimore. In Madrid, 77% of the residents lived within less than 200m from a food store with high healthy food availability. In contrast, 95% of Baltimore's residents lived further than 400m from these stores. Our results may help promoting interventions from local city agencies to allocate resources to existing small-sized food stores, and to improve walkable urban environments. These actions may influence food choices, especially for those residents lacking access to private vehicles.

  2. Nuevo yacimiento de flora Albense en la vertiente sur de la Sierra de Guadarrama. Soto del Real (Madrid)

    OpenAIRE

    1986-01-01

    A new superior Albian - Cenomanian fossil flore locality are described for the first time on. the Sierra Guadarrama (Madrid). Between all the numerous specimens there found. stand out, due to their abundancy, the ones belonging to various species of Cycadales and Coniferals, accompanied by the Filicales, Lycopodiales and the Angiosperms Monocotiledonae and Dicotilodenae of the Policarpicales and Rosales orders. Two species of the Filicales orderGleichenites giesekianus (Hee...

  3. The Residence for Women Students of Madrid in the Spanish Second Republic: between high culture and social splendor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Vázquez Ramil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In October of 1915 the Board for Advanced Studies and Scientific Research (JAE opens in Madrid the Women’s Group of the Students’ Residence, called Women’s Residence (Residencia de Señoritas, with the aim of being the home of women who visited Madrid for studying in University or for getting some culture. Women’s Residence, as well as Students’ Residence, was not only a convenient accommodation; following the inspiration of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, it provided the residents with means of intellectual encouragement and moral improvement. The cultural and social activity of the Women’s Residence, ran by María de Maeztu, was outstanding in the twenties and in the Second Republic until the dramatic cut of the Civil War. This work analyzes the period between 1931 and 1936, using documentary of the Women’s Residence Archive, hemerographic sources of that time and bibliographic sources. The first two years of the Second Republic were vibrant; from 1933 on there is a trend towards to substitute cultural events for basic formative activities directed to non University women. Nevertheless, in the years previous to the Civil War, the Women’s Residence of Madrid was a privileged stage of conferences, soirées and courses of first level, unparalleled with any other women’s educational institution of the time. How to reference this article Vázquez Ramil, R. (2015. La Residencia de Señoritas de Madrid durante la II República: entre la alta cultura y el brillo social. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 2(1, pp. 323-346. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.001.016

  4. Evolución y funcionalidad del comunal en la Sierra de Guadarrama (Madrid), siglos XV-XVIII

    OpenAIRE

    Hernando Ortego, Javier

    2012-01-01

    Actas de la XII Reunión Científica de la Fundación Española de Historia Moderna, celebrada en la Universidad de León en 19-21 de junio de 2012. Javier Hernando Ortego, Departamento de Análisis Económico: Teoría Económica e Historia Económica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid ()

  5. Development of a method of assessment of the problem-solving competence at the technical University of Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Mendez Jaque, Angel; Florensa Lorente, Miguel; Molleda Clara, Maria Cristina; Fernández Jiménez, Consuelo; Alcázar, Ángel; Ramiro-Díaz, José Bruno; Sardonil, Enrique; Manrique Menendez, Emilio; Montoro Ordóñez, Teresa

    2013-01-01

    The competence evaluation promoted by the European High Education Area entails a very important methodological change that requires guiding support to help lecturers carry out this new and complex task. In this regard, the Technical University of Madrid (UPM, by its Spanish acronym) has financed a series of coordinated projects with the objective of developing a model for teaching and evaluating core competences and providing support to lecturers. This paper deals with the problem solving com...

  6. Don Pedro Laín Entralgo and Hellenists in Madrid. Notes for the History of Greek Philology and Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Férez, Juan Antonio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Laín had friendly relations with some Hellenists in Madrid. Friendship made the collaboration of those easy in the Historia universal de la medicina directed by the first. Disciples of those and pupils of the last ones have cultivated the vaste field of Greek and Roman medicine in various ways: papers, doctoral theses, translations, commentaries, etc. This contribution analyzes concisely the evolution and results generated by those personal and scientific good relations between Laín and some Madrid´s Hellenists who studied in the now called Universidad Complutense.

    Laín mantuvo trato cordial con varios helenistas de Madrid. La amistad facilitó la participación de algunos de éstos en la Historia universal de la medicina dirigida por el primero. Discípulos de los anteriores, y, a su vez, alumnos de éstos, han seguido cultivando el amplio campo de la medicina griega y romana, con aportaciones diversas: artículos de revista, tesis doctorales, traducciones, comentarios, etc. Este trabajo revisa de modo sumario la evolución y resultados a que han llevado las buenas relaciones, amistosas y científicas, de Laín con diversos helenistas formados en la ahora Universidad Complutense.

  7. Use of archaeology to date liquefaction features and seismic events in the new madrid seismic zone, Central United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttle, M.P.; Lafferty, R. H.; Guccione, M.J.; Schweig, E. S.; Lopinot, N.; Cande, R.F.; Dyer-Williams, K.; Haynes, M.

    1996-01-01

    Prehistoric earthquake-induced liquefaction features occur in association with Native American occupation horizons in the New Madrid seismic zone. Age control of these liquefaction features, including sand-blow deposits, sand-blow craters, and sand dikes, can be accomplished by extensive sampling and flotation processing of datable materials as well as archaeobotanical analysis of associated archaeological horizons and pits. This approach increases both the amount of carbon for radiocarbon dating and the precision dating of artifact assemblages. Using this approach, we dated liquefaction features at four sites northwest of Blytheville, Arkansas, and found that at least one significant earthquake occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone between A.D. 1180 and 1400, probably about A.D. 1300 ?? 100 yr. In addition, we found three buried sand blows that formed between 3340 B.C. and A.D. 780. In this region where very large to great earthquakes appear to be closely timed, archaeology is helping to develop a paleoearthquake chronology for the New Madrid seismic zone. ?? 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  8. Capacidad innovadora de la Comunidad de Madrid a partir de las patentes concedidas entre 1996 y 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lascurain, M. Luisa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is focused on analysing the patent activity of the Madrid Community taking into account the economic and human resources assigned to cover its R&D&I activities, as well as assessing the importance of the Madrid Community’s patenting activity compared to Spain. The analysis covers patents awarded during the period 1996-2007 and included in the INVENES database of the Spanish Patent and Trade Mark Offi ce.

    El objetivo del presente trabajo es conocer algunas de las características de la actividad patentadora de la Comunidad de Madrid y analizar su relación con los recursos humanos y materiales que se dedican en dicha comunidad a las actividades de I+D+i, así como conocer el peso de esta actividad en la CM respecto al conjunto de España. Para ello, se han analizado las patentes concedidas entre 1996 y 2007 recogidas en la base de datos INVENES de la Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas.

  9. La vulnerabilidad en el Área Urbana de Madrid. 1991-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Rodríguez Suárez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEste artículo analiza la evolución de las áreas con población vulnerable y la segregación residencial del Área Urbana de Madrid (AUM entre los años 1991 y 2001. La investigación se realiza mediante el análisis de dos índices utilizados anteriormente en la medición de la desigualdad urbana y la segregación espacial (HERNÁNDEZ AJA, 2009: el índice de población analfabeta y sin estudios, y el índice de viviendas sin retrete o cuarto de aseo. En el periodo de estudio observado ambos índices experimentaron mejoras significativas en escalas de agregación espacial nacional, regional o de área urbana (INE, 2004. Sin embargo, en este trabajo se refleja que la distribución de estas mejoras a escalas municipales e inframunicipales no es homogénea: en este periodo se incrementaron los desequilibrios internos en el AUM y éstos responden a patrones espaciales diferenciados para los municipios de la corona metropolitana y el municipio central del AUM.Palabras claveVulnerabilidad urbana, segregación residencial, áreas metropolitanas, geografía urbana de la desigualdad, corona metropolitana.AbstractThis article analyzes the evolution of vulnerable areas and residential segregation in Madrid Urban Area (AUM between 1991 and 2001. Research is conducted by analyzing two indices previously used in measuring urban inequality and spatial segregation (HERNÁNDEZ AJA, 2009: the rate of illiterate and uneducated population, and the rate of households without toilet or shower room. In the study period observed both indices experienced significant improvements in spatial aggregation scales of national, regional or urban areas (INE, 2004. However, this paper shows that the distribution of these improvements to municipal and inframunicipal scales is not homogeneous: in this period increased internal imbalances in AUM and they respond to different spatial patterns for the municipalities of the metropolitan and AUM central municipality

  10. Sede social de H A Z E N Madrid – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamboa, P.

    1976-05-01

    Full Text Available For the greatly renowned firm in the field of musical Instruments, Hazen, a building has been constructed in the outskirts of Madrid to house a permanent exhibition of pianos as well as the head offices of the firm. It comprises basement and two storeys and on the ground floor there is a big exhibition hall with adjoining rooms for assembling the pianos. The packed Instruments are stored in the basement which further contains a garage, two small offices and the living quarters of the porter. The management section and the main offices are situated on the second floor. Externally, there is a sharp contrast between the light weight of the enclosure of the ground floor, made of metal frames and glass, and that of the top floor which is a solid volume, which hides the roof and has Windows only on the sides. The construction is surrounded by big gardens.Para la firma Hazen, de gran prestigio en el campo de los instrumentos musicales, se ha construido un edificio en las afueras de Madrid destinado a albergar una exposición permanente de pianos y sus oficinas centrales. Consta de un sótano y dos plantas sobre el terreno, situándose en la planta noble la gran sala de exposición, con un local anexo para el montaje de los pianos. En el sótano se almacenan los instrumentos embalados; completan este nivel un garaje, dos pequeñas oficinas y una vivienda para el conserje. La zona principal de oficinas y los despachos de dirección se distribuyen en la planta superior. Exteriormente, contrasta de manera clara la ligereza del cerramiento de la planta baja, a base de carpintería metálica con acristalamiento total, y la planta superior, constituida por un volumen macizo que oculta la cubierta y que solamente tiene huecos en sus fachadas laterales. Rodeando la construcción hay una amplia zona verde cuidadosamente ajardinada.

  11. La gestión del conocimiento en la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conde Lázaro, Carlos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the uniqueness of its origin and creation, the Polytechnic University of Madrid has developed procedures to identify, manage and share the intellectual assets of its members. The main goal is to exploit its knowledge resources to reach a better position in an increasingly competitive context, with the expectation of attracting good students, getting greater research resources and achieving a higher international standing. This article describes the main activities and achievements that have been developed along different points of view. First, we have to consider the educational resources such as: efforts to improve the integration of new students, the development of generic skills or the implementation of virtual and remote laboratories accessible through the Internet. Second, there are those related to the management of spaces and organizational structures such as: the creation of Educational Innovation Teams or the development of innovation policies. Third, we present the information systems such as: the DataWare- House or the data collected from the application of questionnaires to the staff or the students. Finally and especially, we can’t forget the people as an irreplaceable element in the process of knowledge management. We have tried to maintain a comprehensive approach combining the ability to manage information and resources with the ability of humans to create and innovate.

    Partiendo de una situación singular en lo referente a su origen y creación, la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid ha desarrollado procedimientos para identificar, ordenar y compartir los activos intelectuales de sus miembros con el fin de explotar sus recursos de conocimiento y competir en un entorno universitario cada vez más competitivo en la captación de buenos estudiantes, recursos de investigación y posición internacional. En este artículo se describen las principales actuaciones y logros que se han desarrollado desde el punto de

  12. Dietary patterns and quality in West-African immigrants in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vioque Jesús

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Eating patterns of immigrants deserve to be better documented because they may reflect the extent of acculturation and associated health risks. The study assessed dietary patterns and quality in Bubi immigrants (from Equatorial Guinea using cluster analysis and comparing different diet quality indexes. Methods A random sample of 83 Bubi men and 130 women living in Madrid were studied. A 99-item food frequency questionnaire was administered, body weights and heights were self-reported and socio-demographic and health information was collected during interviews. Usual intakes were collapsed into 19 food groups. Cluster analysis of standardized food intakes per 1000 kcalories was performed. Dietary quality was appraised using the Alternative Mediterranean Diet Score, the Alternative Healthy Eating Index and scores of micronutrient adequacy and prevention based on WHO/FAO recommendations. Results Two dietary patterns were identified. The 'Healthier' pattern, so confirmed by two dietary quality indexes, featured a higher consumption of fish, fruits, vegetables, legumes, dairy products and bread while the 'Western' pattern included more processed meat, animal fat, and sweetened foods and drinks. One third of the subjects were in the 'Healthier' food cluster, with the same proportion of men and women. Age ≥ 30 and residence in Madrid ≥ 11 years were independently associated with the healthier diet. Consumption of traditional foods was unrelated to dietary pattern, however. Overall, Bubi diets were somewhat protective because of high intakes of fruits and vegetables and monounsaturated fat (olive oil, but not with respect to sugar, cholesterol, omega-3 fatty acids and fibre. Less than two thirds of subjects had adequate intakes of iron, calcium and folate in both dietary phenotypes. Body mass index, physical exercise, and self-reported health and cardiovascular disease condition showed no significant association with the dietary

  13. Perfiles paleokarsticos en el techo de la unidad intermedia del mioceno de la cuenca de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo, J. P.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available An intra-Vallesian (Upper Miocene paleokarst developed at the top of the Intermediate Miocene Unit in the continental Madrid basin is recognized. This paleokarst is a early shallow, tabular-shaped karst that shows a marked control by the depositional facies pattern and lithologies. By integrating morphological, petrological and geochemica1 data, three hydrogeological or environmental zones have been established throughout the paleokarstic profiles: (i a vadose zone, characterized by vertically elongated caves and discontinuous speleothems and vadose cements (ii a 3-7 m thick water table fringe, characterized by the wide development of stratiform breccia bodies, the superimposition of both vadose and phreatic features, and the lowest Fe and Mn contents in host-rock carbonates; and (iii a phreatic zone characterized by an increase of 6I3C values and the predominance of phreatic cementation. The paleogeographic reconstruction for the intra-Vallesian paleokarst using paleokarstic profiles reveals relative topographic highs to the north and topographic lows to the south drawing the paleokarst landscape.En el techo de la Unidad Intermedia del Mioceno de la Cuenca de Madrid se ha desarrollado un paleokarst temprano, somero y de forma tabular que muestra un marcado control litológico y del dispositivo de facies deposicionales en su génesis. Integrando criterios geomorfológicos, petrográficos y geoquímicos se ha establecido una zonación hidrogeológica en los perfiles paleokársticos estudiados, diferenciándose: (i una zona vadosa caracterizada por la existencia de cavidades alargadas en la vertical tapizadas discontinuamente por espeleotemas y otros cementos vadosos; (ii una franja de oscilación del nivel freático de unos 3-7 metros de espesor, caracterizado por el desarrollo extensivo de cuerpos brechoides estratiformes, la yuxtaposición de cementos vadosos y freáticos y los contenidos más bajos en Fe y Mn en el material encajante, y (iii

  14. Corrado Giaquinto’s Critical Fortune in Rome and the Reasons for His Departure for Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierguidi, Stefano

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Around 1751, Cochin pointed out that the best painters then in Rome were Masucci, Mancini, Battoni and “le chevalier Corado”. Cochin’s statement would seem to be one of the most meaningful indications of the artist’s fame. Modern criticism, however, tends not to distinguish between the nature of Giaquinto’s and Masucci, Mancini and Batoni’s success: while the latter three artists had definitively established themselves as history painters in oil and could work for international patrons without leaving Rome, Giaquinto never succeeded in asserting himself in that capacity and in this medium. Indeed, in his letter Cochin mistook Corrado for the more famous and well-known knight Sebastiano Conca. Being summoned to Madrid was certainly a great achievement for Giaquinto, but leaving Rome was somehow a forced choice because in the 25 years he had spent there since 1727, the painter had never achieved the success to which he aspired.Alrededor de 1751 Cochin indicaba a los que eran considerados los mejores pintores de Roma en la época: Masucci, Mancini, Battoni y “le chevalier Corado”. El pasaje de Cochin representaría una de las demostraciones más significativas de la notoriedad del artista, pero la crítica moderna propende a no distinguir la diferente esencia del éxito de Giaquinto con respecto a lo de los varios Masucci, Mancini y Batoni, citados en la carta de Cochin: mientras que estos últimos habían triunfado definitivamente como pintores de historia al óleo, y podían trabajar para clientela internacional sin dejar Roma, Giaquinto nunca logró imponerse en aquella función. En la carta, de hecho, Cochin confundía y sobreponía Corrado a lo más célebre Sebastiano Conca. La llamada a Madrid fue un gran éxito por Giaquinto, pero la salida fue una elección obligada porque en veinticinco años que pasó en Roma, el pintor nunca obtuvo aquel reconocimiento a lo que ambicionaba.

  15. Statistical analysis of factors affecting landslide distribution in the new Madrid seismic zone, Tennessee and Kentucky

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jibson, R.W.; Keefer, D.K.

    1989-01-01

    More than 220 large landslides along the bluffs bordering the Mississippi alluvial plain between Cairo, Ill., and Memphis, Tenn., are analyzed by discriminant analysis and multiple linear regression to determine the relative effects of slope height and steepness, stratigraphic variation, slope aspect, and proximity to the hypocenters of the 1811-12 New Madrid, Mo., earthquakes on the distribution of these landslides. Three types of landslides are analyzed: (1) old, coherent slumps and block slides, which have eroded and revegetated features and no active analogs in the area; (2) old earth flows, which are also eroded and revegetated; and (3) young rotational slumps, which are present only along near-river bluffs, and which are the only young, active landslides in the area. Discriminant analysis shows that only one characteristic differs significantly between bluffs with and without young rotational slumps: failed bluffs tend to have sand and clay at their base, which may render them more susceptible to fluvial erosion. Bluffs having old coherent slides are significantly higher, steeper, and closer to the hypocenters of the 1811-12 earthquakes than bluffs without these slides. Bluffs having old earth flows are likewise higher and closer to the earthquake hypocenters. Multiple regression analysis indicates that the distribution of young rotational slumps is affected most strongly by slope steepness: about one-third of the variation in the distribution is explained by variations in slope steepness. The distribution of old coherent slides and earth flows is affected most strongly by slope height, but the proximity to the hypocenters of the 1811-12 earthquakes also significantly affects the distribution. The results of the statistical analyses indicate that the only recently active landsliding in the area is along actively eroding river banks, where rotational slumps formed as bluffs are undercut by the river. The analyses further indicate that the old coherent slides

  16. PATRONES DE TRANSMISIÓN DE LA TUBERCULOSIS EN UN ÁREA SANITARIA DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Iñigo Martínez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La aplicación de las técnicas de epidemiología molecular en el estudio de la tuberculosis puede permitir identificar los patrones de transmisión de la enfermedad. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido estimar la incidencia de tuberculosis asociada a transmisión reciente en Madrid e identificar los factores de riesgo que permitan definir patrones de transmisión. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo poblacional de tres años de duración en pacientes diagnosticados de tuberculosis mediante cultivo en cuatro distritos de Madrid (550.442 habitantes. La descripción de los patrones de transmisión se realizó mediante la investigación epidemiológica convencional y las técnicas moleculares (análisis de fragmentos de restricción de longitud polimórfica –RFLP– con IS6110 y spoligotyping. Resultados: Se realizó RFLP en 233 aislados clínicos de Mycobacterium tuberculosis, de los que 99 (42,5% estaban agrupados en 29 clusters. El grupo más numeroso lo formaban 134 enfermos infectados por cepas de M. tuberculosiscon patrón RFLP único. Su media de edad era 48,3 años (DE 19,4 y el 17,2% presentaba un factor de riesgo de reactivación endógena. Entre los casos agrupados se identificaron dos patrones de transmisión.El primero de ellosincluía a 57 enfermos pertenecientes a 23 clusterspequeños (2-4 casos, de los que 25 (43,9% estaban conectados epidemiológicamente con otro caso de su mismo cluster. El segundo lo formaban 42 pacientes agrupados en 6 clustersgrandes (5 casos o más. La media de edad era de 31,4 años (DE 15,8, el 28,6% eran usuarios de drogas inyectadas, el 31% estaban infectados por el VIH, y el 26,2% tenían antecedentes de estancia en prisión. Conclusiones: La identificación de patrones de transmisión de la tuberculosis utilizando técnicas de biología molecular permite detectar grupos de población susceptibles de actuación preferente en los programas de prevención y control.

  17. Cerramiento de vidrio para un edificio. Polideportivo en Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Arroyo, Salvador

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available This is an analysis of a glass wall realized in a sports centre in Madrid, in which sport takes place above ground level, in a building of five storeys. The façade of one storey is designed to be totally transparent, so that the building from the outside gives the impression of being «in sections». The window-wall, with a surface area of approximately 47.11 m by 20.24 m, Is achieved by using large sheets of laminated glass, approximately 2.20 m by 3.00 m, tield in place by six suction devices in a metal frame suspended without other support from the roof. From the exterior this material appears with no visible carpentry, with open joints which act as drainage channels. With recent developments in building and technology we can consider using wall materials adaptable to all external conditions, and which allow more possibilities than traditional construction materials. This is especially important for public amenity buildings which, like this one, must present an original and stimulating image, at times, as in this case, displaying to the outside word the activity within.

    Presentamos un análisis del cerramiento de vidrio realizado en un edificio polideportivo en Madrid, en el que el deporte se organiza en altura, en una construcción de cinco plantas, una de cuyas fachadas se concibe como totalmente transparente, mostrando el edificio "seccionado" al exterior El muro cortina, de 47,11x20,24 m de superficie, se resuelve con grandes piezas de vidrio laminado, de 2,20x3,00 m, aproximadamente, sujetas mediante seis piezas de presión a la estructura metálica que cuelga enteramente de la cubierta. Aparece este material al exterior sin carpintería, con juntas abiertas que funcionan como canales de drenaje. Hoy el desarrollo de la construcción y la tecnología hacen posible el planteamiento de cerramientos cuya flexibilidad de funcionamiento se adapta a las condiciones exteriores y proporciona mayores prestaciones que los de construcci

  18. Fiscal 2001 photovoltaic power generation field test project (Locations of systems installed in fiscal 1998-2000 at public facilities and industries); 2001 nendo taiyoko field test jigyo (Kokyo shisetsuyou sangyo tou you 1998 - 2000 nendo secchisha)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-05-01

    The test was conducted for systems installed at General Health and Welfare Center, Munakata City, Fukuoka Prefecture; Comprehensive Traffic Center, Yamaguchi Prefecture; Primary schools, Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture; Sakuragi Children's House, Shizuoka Prefecture; Midorigaoka Primary School, Hyogo Prefecture; Heath Center, Minamata City, Kumamoto Prefecture; Science Museum for Young People, Yamaguchi Prefecture; Wakatsuki Plastic Surgery Hospital, Niigata Prefecture; Hokuto Corporation, Aichi Prefecture; Industrial Research Institute, Ishikawa Prefecture; Shonan Institute of Technology, Kanagawa Prefecture; Gyosen Oil Co., Tokyo; Tamana Senior High School, Kumamoto Prefecture; Yukiyoshi Clinic, Niigata Prefecture; Saishoen Social Welfare Corporation; Akishimadai Kindergarten; Azabu Veterinarian School Group; Ueki-Kita Junior High School, Ueki Town; Garden of Longevity, Isen Town; Takamatsu Primary School, Takamatsu Town; Himeji Red Cross Hospital; and Kita-Daito Island Branch, Okinawa Electric Power Company, Inc. Mentioned in this report are the outlines of the photovoltaic power generation field test, the results of joint research, expected technical effect, enlightening effect, troubles involving power generation systems, and so forth. (NEDO)

  19. Uso de Psicofármacos en prisión (CP Madrid III The use of psychotropic drugs in prison (CP Madrid III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Varela-González

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available El uso de psicofármacos en el entorno de atención primaria está aumentando exponencialmente y el medio penitenciario no constituye una excepción a esta tendencia. Con alguna frecuencia estos tratamientos se prescriben buscando utilidades terapéuticas en relación con trastornos de personalidad, dependencias y conductas disfuncionales que no han sido aceptadas como indicaciones (uso compasivo. El presente estudio ha permitido una descripción pormenorizada del uso de psicofármacos en el Centro Penitenciario (CP Madrid III, uno de los centros con menor gasto farmacéutico de la Comunidad Autónoma. Durante dos semanas se registraron todas las prescripciones de psicofármacos junto con diversos parámetros que pudiesen resultar condicionantes. Un 23,46% de la población recibía algún tipo de psicofármaco; el 76% de los internos a tratamiento recibía uno o dos psicofármacos, un 65% tenía prescritos ansiolíticos, un 38% antidepresivos y un 27% antipsicóticos. El consumo total de psicofármacos ascendió a 9.840 Dosis Diarias de Mantenimiento, un 46% de las cuales correspondían con ansiolíticos, un 17% con antidepresivos y un 14% con antipsicóticos. En dos semanas, el gasto total sumó 5.379 euros y los antipsicóticos acumularon un 72% del coste (3.857 euros. Hay indicios de que el uso compasivo de nuevos antipsicóticos y antiepilépticos supone un porcentaje sustancial del incremento del gasto con dudosa utilidad. Los resultados del estudio apuntan al médico prescriptor como agente primordial en relación con qué, cuánto y con qué coste se prescribe. Al contrario de lo que cabía esperar, no se encontró asociación entre variables como la edad, nacionalidad, grado o tipo de condena de los internos y la prescripción de los distintos subgrupos de psicofármacos con la excepción de las benzodiacepinas.The use of psychotropic drugs in primary care has exponentially increased and prisons are no exception. These drugs are often

  20. Características y localización de la hostelería en la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Ronco, Sicilia

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the characteristics, number and localisation of hotel resources in the Autonomous Community of Madrid throughout the last decade (1992- 2002.In this period, the Community has experienced a remarkable increase of hotel premises due to the following factors, among others: the relocation of economic activities from inner capital locations to adjacent counties, the enlargement of public communication networks, the exploitation of natural and cultural heritage, new leisure offers linked to economic changes and the UE financial investments in rural areas. As a result, quality standards have risen up outstandingly and, more important yet, new hotel locations have reached out (i the metropolitan counties immediately adjacent to the urban core, (ii the northern mountain fringe and (iii the SW quarter.

    [es] Se analiza la evolución del número, característica y sobre todo localización de la hostelería de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid en el último decenio. El desplazamiento de actividades económicas de Madrid-Capital hacia los municipios de su entorno, el incremento de la red de comunicaciones, la explotación de los recursos naturales y culturales de la Comunidad, las nuevas ofertas de ocio ligadas a los cambios económicos y las ayudas de la U.E. al medio rural, han provocados en la hotelería un considerable aumento de establecimientos, una mejora de la calidad y sobre todo la extensión de su localización hacia los municipios metropolitanos, hacia la mayoría de los municipios serranos y hacia los localizados en el sector SW. [fr] On analyse l'évolution de le nombre, caractéristiques, et sur tout la localisation de l'hôtellerie de la Communauté Autonome de Madrid dans le dernier espace de dix ans. Le déplacement de les activités économiques de Madrid vers les communes proches, l'accroissement de la réseau des communications, l'exploitation de les ressources naturelles et culturelles, les nouveaux offres

  1. Bipolar disorder and substance use disorders. Madrid study on the prevalence of dual disorders/pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, Francisco; Szerman, Nestor; Vega, Pablo; Mesías, Beatriz; Basurte, Ignacio; Rentero, David

    2016-03-02

    Given its prevalence and impact on public health, the comorbidity of bipolar and substance use disorders is one of the most relevant of dual diagnoses. The objective was to evaluate the characteristics of patients from community mental health and substance abuse centres in Madrid. The sample consisted of 837 outpatients from mental health and substance abuse centres. We used the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and Personality Disorder Questionnaire (PDQ4+) to evaluate axis I and II disorders. Of these patients, 174 had a lifetime bipolar disorder, 83 had bipolar disorder type I and 91 had type II. Most patients had dual pathology. Of the 208 participants from the mental health centres, 21 had bipolar disorder and 13 (61.9%) were considered dually-diagnosed patients, while 33.2% of non-bipolar patients had a dual diagnoses (p = 0.03). Of the 629 participants from the substance abuse centres, 153 patients (24.3%) had a bipolar diagnosis. Bipolar dual patients had higher rates of alcohol and cocaine dependence than non-bipolar patients. Moreover, age at onset of alcohol use was earlier in bipolar duallydiagnosed patients than in other alcoholics. Bipolar dually-diagnosed patients had higher personality and anxiety disorder comorbidities and greater suicide risk. Thus, alcohol and cocaine are the drugs most associated with bipolar disorder. Given the nature of the study, the type of relationship between these disorders cannot be determined.

  2. Analysis of Water Vapor spatio-temporal structure over the Madrid Area using GPS data

    CERN Document Server

    Ruffini, G; Cucurull, L; Flores, A; Ruffini, Giulio; Rius, Antonio; Cucurull, Lidia; Flores, Alex

    1999-01-01

    We have analyzed Zenith Wet Delay (ZWD) time series from an experiment over the Madrid (Spain) area obtained from 5 GPS receivers using two different techniques. In the first case a delay correlation analysis of the ZWD time-series has been carried out. We show that for this small network (with a spatial scale of less than 100 km) the correlation between the time series is very strong, and that using windowing techniques a reliable correlation delay time series can be produced for each pair of sites (10 such pairs are available). We use this delay time series together with a frozen flow model to estimate the velocity of a passing front, and compare the results to meteorological data and Numerical Weather Prediction output, showing good agreement. In the second approach, the data is analyzed using Empirical Orthogonal Functions. We demonstrate that the temporally demeaned and normalized analysis yields information about the passing of fronts, while the spatially demeaned data yields orographic information. A c...

  3. EUROPEAN CONGRESS OF RHEUMATOLOGY (MADRID, 12–15 JUNE 2013: PROBLEMS ON RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia Sergeevna Avdeeva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available An annual European Congress of Rheumatology took place from 12–15 June 2013 in Madrid. The Congress program was extremely diverse; it included discussion of new evidence on the diagnosis and treatment of the most commonrheumatic diseases, their etiology and pathogenesis, personified therapy and more. The optimization of pharmacotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA and the choice of therapy strategy in different groups of patents occupied acentral place at the Congress. New guidelines for the management of patients with RA were given. A number of reports concerned the efficiency and safety of using tocilizumab in RA, the possibility of discontinuing therapy with genetically engineered biological agents (GEBAs when achieving a remission, and the maintenance of drug-free remission in RA. The Congress discussed the new results of the AMPLE trial, one of the first direct comparative studies of the efficacy of two GEBAs (subcutaneous formulations of abatacept and adalimumab. A large number of reports dealt with the use of tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors, the evaluation of their immunogenicity, the analysis of reasons for therapy discontinuation, as well as adverse reactions occurring during treatment. Some aspects of therapy with conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs were discussed. Thus, a lot of new data that can optimize therapy for a common rheumatic disease, such as RA, were presented at the Congress.

  4. Survey for Emission-Line Galaxies Universidad Complutense de Madrid List 3

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso, O; Zamorano, J; Gallego, J M; Rego, M

    1999-01-01

    A new low-dispersion objective-prism search for low-redshift (z<0.045) emission-line galaxies (ELG) has been carried out by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid with the Schmidt Telescope at the Calar-Alto Observatory. This is a continuation of the UCM Survey, which was performed by visual selection of candidates in photographic plates via the presence of the Halpha+[NII]6584 blend in emission. In this new list we have applied an automatic procedure, fully developed by us, for selecting and analyzing the ELG candidates on the digitized images obtained with the MAMA machine. The analyzed region of the sky covers 189 square degrees in nine fields near R.A.=14h & 17h, Dec=25 deg. The final sample contains 113 candidates. Special effort has been made to obtain a large amount of information directly from our uncalibrated plates by using several external calibrations. The parameters obtained for the ELG candidates allow for the study of the statistical properties for the sample.

  5. Mathematical decision theory applied to land capability: a case study in the community of madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antón, J M; Saa-Requejo, A; Grau, J B; Gallardo, J; Díaz, M C; Andina, Diego; Sanchez, M E; Tarquis, A M

    2014-03-01

    In land evaluation science, a standard data set is obtained for each land unit to determine the land capability class for various uses, such as different farming systems, forestry, or the conservation or suitability of a specific crop. In this study, we used mathematical decision theory (MDT) methods to address this task. Mathematical decision theory has been used in areas such as management, finance, industrial design, rural development, the environment, and projects for future welfare to study quality and aptness problems using several criteria. We also review MDT applications in soil science and discuss the suitability of MDT methods for dealing simultaneously with a number of problems. The aim of the work was to show how MDT can be used to obtain a valid land quality index and to compare this with a traditional land capability method. Therefore, an additive classification method was applied to obtain a land quality index for 122 land units that were compiled for a case study of the Community of Madrid, Spain, and the results were compared with a previously assigned land capability class using traditional methods based on the minimum requirements for land attributes.

  6. Dense lower crust elevates long-term earthquake rates in the New Madrid seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levandowski, Will; Boyd, Oliver S.; Ramirez-Guzmán, Leonardo

    2016-08-01

    Knowledge of the local state of stress is critical in appraising intraplate seismic hazard. Inverting earthquake moment tensors, we demonstrate that principal stress directions in the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) differ significantly from those in the surrounding region. Faults in the NMSZ that are incompatible with slip in the regional stress field are favorably oriented relative to local stress. We jointly analyze seismic velocity, gravity, and topography to develop a 3-D crustal and upper mantle density model, revealing uniquely dense lower crust beneath the NMSZ. Finite element simulations then estimate the stress tensor due to gravitational body forces, which sums with regional stress. The anomalous lower crust both elevates gravity-derived stress at seismogenic depths in the NMSZ and rotates it to interfere more constructively with far-field stress, producing a regionally maximal deviatoric stress coincident with the highest concentration of modern seismicity. Moreover, predicted principal stress directions mirror variations (observed independently in moment tensors) at the NMSZ and across the region.

  7. Survey of emission-line galaxies: Universidad Complutense de Madrid list

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Rego, Gallego, J.; Gallego, J. G.; Vitores, A. G.RA, R.; Gonzalez-Riestra, R..; Rodriguez-Caderot, G.

    1994-01-01

    A low-dispersion objective-prism survey for low-redshift emission-line galaxies (ELGs) is being carried out by the University Complutense de Madrid with the Schmidt telescope at the German-Spanish Observatory of Calar Alto (Almeria, Spain). A 4 deg full aperture prism, which provides a dispersion of 1950 A/mm, and IIIaF emulsion combination has been used to search for ELGs selected by the presence of H-alpha emission in their spectra. Our survey has proved to be able to recover objects already found by similar surveys with different techniques and, what is more important, to discover new objects not previously cataloged. A compilation of descriptions and positions, along with finding charts when necessary, is presented for 160 extragalactic emission-line objects. This is the first list, which contains objects located in a region of the sky covering 270 sq deg in 10 fields near alpha = 0(sup h) and delta = 20 deg.

  8. Evidence of Leishmania infantum Infection in Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus in a Natural Area in Madrid, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerea García

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Leishmaniasis is one of the most important neglected zoonosis and remains endemic in at least 88 developing countries in the world. In addition, anthropogenic environmental changes in urban areas are leading to its emergency world wide. Zoonotic leishmaniasis control might only be achieved by an integrated approach targeting both the human host and the animal reservoirs, which in certain sylvatic cycles are yet to be identified. Recently, hares have been pointed out as competent reservoirs of Leishmania infantum in Spain, but the role of other lagomorphs has not been clarified. Here, 69 rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus from a natural area in Madrid in which a high density was present were analyzed using indirect (immunofluorescence antibody test, IFAT and direct (PCR, culture techniques. Fifty-seven (82.6% of the animals were positive to at least one technique, with IFAT yielding the highest proportion of positive samples. L. infantum was isolated in 13% animals demonstrating the occurrence of infection in this setting. Our results suggest that rabbits could play a role of competent reservoir of L. infantum and demonstrate that the prevalence of infection is high in the analyzed area.

  9. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M A; Garcia-Guinea, J; Laborda, F; Garrido, F

    2015-12-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system.

  10. Hygroscopic Properties of Atmospheric Aerosol Measured with an HTDMA in an Urban Background Site in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Blanco, E.; Gómez-Moreno, F. J.; Becerril, M.; Coz, E.; Artíñano, B.

    2015-12-01

    The observation of high aerosol hygroscopic growth in Madrid is mainly limited to specific atmospheric conditions, such as local stagnation episodes, which take place in winter time. One of these episodes was identified in December 2014 and the hygroscopic growth factor (GF) measurements obtained in such episode were analysed in order to know the influence of the meteorological conditions on aerosol hygroscopic properties. The prevailing high atmospheric stability triggered an increase of the particle total concentration during the study period, with several peaks that exceeded 4.0 104 particles cm-3, as well as an increase in the inorganic fraction of the aerosol, the NO3- concentration, which in this case corresponded to 25% of the total PM1 non-refractory composition. The aerosol hygroscopic growth distribution was bimodal during the episode, with an average GF around 1.2 for the five dry particle sizes measured and an average GF spread ≥ 0.15. In addition, it is important to note that when a reduction in the concentrations of NO3- is observed, it coincides with a decrease of the GF and its spread. These data suggest, on the one hand, a high degree of external mixing state of the aerosol during the episode and, on the other hand, a notable association between the GF and the inorganic fraction of the aerosol.

  11. Instituto de Astrofísica de Madrid: science fiction or top science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero, J. A.

    2015-05-01

    In Spain, there is an Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in Tenerife, an Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía in Granada and an Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya in Barcelona. However, there is not an Instituto de Astrofísica de Madrid (IAM). Actually, Madrilenian astronomers are spread over a number of institutions of quite different origin, size and funding source. The IAM, if it existed, would be a catalyzer of ideas and collaborations, an international meeting point, an engine for high-technology industry in the region, and an excellence centre. Furthermore, the IAM would maximise the efficiency in the use of resources, offer a place for finding synergies between research groups and, especially, have a critical mass for embarking in very large projects in the ground and space. I will expose how, in a smooth and democratic way, an IAM might be built step by step. The process may take decades and, thus, young Madrilenian astronomers shall play a rôle on it.

  12. Terracotas de Calés en el Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. BLÁZQUEZ

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid exhibe entre sus magníficas colecciones una compuesta de numerosas terracotas traídas de Calés en el siglo pasado por el Marqués de Salamanca que nos hemos propuesto estudiar y a la que hemos dedicado varios trabajos ya. Colecciones similares se conservan en los museos de Lecce, Capua, Louvre, Leide, British Museum, Palazzo dei Conservatori, Villa Giulia, Nacionale Romano, Ny Carbsberg Glyptothek, Museo Universitario de Zurich, Museum für antike Kleinkunst de Munich, y Vaticano, en su mayoría inéditas. Todas estas terracotas plantean sugestivos y fundamentales problemas a los estudiosos del arte antiguo, que han sido señalados por Bianchi-Bandinelli con motivo del estudio y publicación de una terracota del Museo de Berlín. Bianchi-Bandinelli ha indicado alguna de las principales características del arte itálico de este momento, cual es su gusto moderno, su impresionismo e ilusionismo. En Italia en el periodo helenístico o época a la que pertenecen todas estas terracotas, existía una gran Koiné artística que abrazaba por lo menos Lacio, Campania y Etruria. Otros investigadores han estudiado algunas de estas terracotas,como G. Kaschnitz-Weinberg, Pesce, Mingazzini, Vessberg, R. Mengarelli, etc.

  13. Catálogo de las arañas (Araneae de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrández, M. A.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available In this catalogue we seek to compile information about spiders in Comunidad de Madrid in order to evaluate the level of our knowledge in the context of the Iberian fauna as well as to promote studies leading to their conservation. For this catalogue we have compiled information coming from both published and unpublished mentions from university thesis, classified specimens from the collections of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales and the results of a specific sampling carried out by M. A. Ferrández and H. Fernández de Céspedes in the San Agustín de Guadalix area. The nomenclature is based on Platnick’s world catalogue (2005 as well as on Morano’s work on the ibero-balearic fauna (2005 both available on the net. For each species we include: locality of record, UTM coordinates, original publication name and bibliographical references or museum where the material is kept. Madrid’s fauna of spiders has 261 species at present, belonging to 133 genera from 36 different families, 52% of which are cited from first time (marked with *. The general conclusion is that there is very little data about most species, those that do exist are often outdated and they lack relevant information about biological cycles, ecology, etc. There are still great many species to be recorded in the fauna of Madrid and estimates range between 350 and 400 species in total. It must be pointed that 24 out of 261 total species are endemic species from the Iberian Peninsula, some only collected very recently: Ozyptila umbraculorum (2002, Clubiona aducta, Parachtes teruelis (2005 and Amphiledorus balnearicus (in this paper.

    Con la confección del presente catálogo se pretende recopilar la información faunística disponible sobre las arañas de la Comunidad de Madrid, valorar el grado de conocimiento en el contexto de la fauna ibérica, así como impulsar los estudios encaminados a su conservación. Para su elaboración se han

  14. Energy saving due to natural ventilation in housing blocks in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Lezcano, RA; Hormigos-Jiménez, S.

    2016-07-01

    Getting a healthy and comfortable indoor environment in homes in southern Europe is a complicated task. In continental climates, with very cold temperatures in winter and very hot in summer, energy consumption greatly increases with air conditioning significant spending. To propose action guidelines for use of natural ventilation and to develop effective design strategies is essential. Therefore, and given a specific building type block of flats in Madrid, this article focuses on establishing what periods of the year natural ventilation is required to reduce energy consumption in air conditioning, also considering the quality of the outdoor environment and the design of the building. To develop this, a statistical study of the chosen type, that allows studying the direction and the wind speed in the area, is performed. Analysis of wind pressures in holes in the facade is performed by means of numerical simulations of fluid flow (CFD) inside to later infer in the natural ventilation rate required within policy parameters. With the data obtained, a study of energy saving is made as a function of natural ventilation rate established for the building type.

  15. The role of green infrastructure in creating safe urban environments: the case study of Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias, Pedro; Iglesias, Ana; Garrote, Luis

    2016-04-01

    The size and number of cities is growing at an unprecedented speed in the 21st century. Whereas in 1900 only a 10% of the global population lived in cities, 2010 marked the point in which more than halve of the world moved urban and, according to the United Nations' estimations, more than 70% of humanity will be living in urban agglomerations by 2050. Covering about the 2% of the Earth surface, cities consume vast extensions of forests, farmland, and other landscapes, polluting rivers, oceans and soils, and account for as much as the 70% of greenhouse gas emissions, all of them making urbanization the main driver for the changes in the Earth surface. Designing urban systems that reduce the negative impacts of this urbanization process and improve their resilience is crucial for creating a safe operating space for humanity. Cities must identify sustainable development policies because today's investment will be locked in for hundreds of years due to the difficulty of reversing most of the planning decisions. This study analyzes the role of green infrastructure in creating a healthier urban milieu more resilient and with a smaller impact on the environment through the case study of the city of Madrid, a city that faces climate risks derived of extreme heat and drought. Green infrastructure can reduce urban heat island, regulate storm water overflow and moderate energy consumption, while favoring a healthier lifestyle.

  16. Influence of turbidity and clouds on satellite total ozone data over Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camacho, J.L. [Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia (AEMET), Madrid (Spain); Anton, M. [Granada Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Aplicada; Loyola, D. [German Aerospace Center (DLR), Wessling (DE). Remote Sensing Technology Inst. (IMF); Hernandez, E. [Madrid Univ. Complutense (Spain). Dept. Fisica de la Tierra II

    2010-07-01

    This article focuses on the comparison of the total ozone column data from three satellite instruments; Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometers (TOMS) on board the Earth Probe (EP), Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on board AURA and Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) on board ERS/2, with ground-based measurement recorded by a well calibrated Brewer spectrophotometer located in Madrid during the period 1996-2008. A cluster classification based on solar radiation (global, direct and diffuse), cloudiness and aerosol index allow selecting hazy, cloudy, very cloudy and clear days. Thus, the differences between Brewer and satellite total ozone data for each cluster have been analyzed. The accuracy of EP-TOMS total ozone data is affected by moderate cloudiness, showing a mean absolute bias error (MABE) of 2.0%. In addition, the turbidity also has a significant influence on EP-TOMS total ozone data with a MABE {proportional_to}1.6%. Those data are in contrast with clear days with MABE {proportional_to}1.2%. The total ozone data derived from the OMI instrument show clear bias at clear and hazy days with small uncertainties ({proportional_to}0.8%). Finally, the total ozone observations obtained with the GOME instrument show a very smooth dependence with respect to clouds and turbidity, showing a robust retrieval algorithm over these conditions. (orig.)

  17. Spread and partitioning of arsenic in soils from a mine waste site in Madrid province (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M.A. [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Serrano, S. [Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, CSIC, Catedratico Agustin Escardino 9, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Laborda, F. [Group of Analytical Spectroscopy and Sensors, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Garrido, F., E-mail: fernando.garrido@mncn.csic.es [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-12-01

    The formation of scorodite is an important mechanism for the natural attenuation of arsenic in a wide range of environments. It is dumped on site by metallurgical industries to minimize arsenic release. However, the long-term stability of these deposits is unclear. Sequential As extractions and synchrotron-based X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy were used to determine both As and Fe speciation in a small catchment area affected by a scorodite-rich waste pile at an abandoned smelting factory. Our results indicate that this deposit behaves as an acute point source of As and metal pollution and confirms the strong association of As(V) with Fe(III) oxide phases, highlighting the important role of ferrihydrite as an As scavenger in natural systems. In this seasonally variable system, other trapping forms such as jarosite-like minerals also play a role in the attenuation of As. Overall, our results demonstrate that scorodite should not be considered an environmental stable repository for As attenuation when dumped outside because natural rainfall and the resulting runoff drive As dispersion in the environment and indicate the need to monitor and reclamate As-rich mine deposits. - Highlights: • A scorodite-rich mining waste at an old smelting factory in Madrid is described. • Scorodite-rich mining wastes act as an acute point source of As pollution in soils. • Arsenic extraction and XANES analyses show ferrihydrite as an As scavenger in soils.

  18. Releasing mother's burdens: child abandonment and retrieval in Madrid, 1890-1935.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revuelta Eugercios, Bárbara A

    2012-01-01

    In nineteenth-century Europe, the foundling hospital grew beyond its traditional purpose of mitigating the shame of unwed mothers by also permitting widows, widowers, and poor married couples to abandon their children there temporarily. In the Foundling Hospital of Madrid (FHM), this new short-term abandonment could be completely anonymous due to the implementation of a wheel—a device on the outside wall of the institution that could be turned to place a child inside—which remained open until 1929. The use of survival-analysis techniques to disentangle the determinants of retrieval in a discrete framework reveals important differences in the situations of the women who abandoned their children at the FHM, partly depending on whether they accessed it through the Maternity Hospital after giving birth or they accessed it directly. The evidence suggests that those who abandoned their children through the Maternity Hospital retrieved them only when they had attained a certain degree of economic stability, whereas those who abandoned otherwise did so just as soon as the immediate condition prompting the abandonment had improved.

  19. Application of a pedestrian portal monitor at Madrid International Airport in Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pujol, Ll., E-mail: luis.pujol@cedex.e [Centro de Estudios y Experimentacion de Obras Publicas (CEDEX), Alfonso XII, 3, 28014 Madrid (Spain); Univ Politecn Madrid (UPM), Dept Civil Engn Hydraul and Energet, ETSI Caminos, Profesor Aranguren, s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez-Gonzalez, J.A.; Suarez-Navarro, M.J. [Univ Politecn Madrid (UPM), Dept Civil Engn Hydraul and Energet, ETSI Caminos, Profesor Aranguren, s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2011-04-15

    Three pedestrian portal monitor systems, designed to detect illicit trafficking or inadvertent movement of radioactive materials carried by passengers at airports, have been evaluated. The systems were supplied by three manufacturers: Bicron, Exploranium and Thermo-Eberline. In an initial evaluation, conducted at the Laboratory of Nuclear Engineering of the School of Civil Engineering, it was observed that the FHT-1372 system manufactured by Thermo-Eberline gave a more sensitive response and allowed the measurement of total photon dose rate and artificial photon dose rate. Therefore, this system was installed at Barajas International Airport in Madrid in 2002 for a period of 108 days in order to select an appropriate investigation level (defined as the radiation level that is selected as the trigger for further investigation). During this period 1,339,931 passengers were screened and a total of 39 alarms were triggered, 5 of which with a value 10 times the mean value of the natural background from photon radiation (which was 85 nSv/h), and no alarms exceeded 100 {mu}Sv/h at 1 m distance, which is the level of response for legal transport of radioactive materials set by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). An investigation level of approximately 1.3 times the natural background was finally selected. This value coincides with the results obtained in the ITRAP (Illicit Trafficking Radiation Detection Assessment Program) carried out by the IAEA.

  20. Group Violence and Migration Experience among Latin American Youths in Justice Enforcement Centers (Madrid, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez García, José Manuel; Martín López, María Jesús

    2015-10-30

    Group violence among Latin American immigrant youth has led to ongoing debates in political, legal, and media circles, yet none of those many perspectives has arrived at a solid, empirically supported definition for the phenomenon. This study aims to explore the relationship between the immigrant experience and violent group behavior in youths from Latin America serving prison sentences in Justice Enforcement Centers in the Community of Madrid. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 juveniles, and content analysis was applied to the resulting transcripts, employing Grounded Theory to create an axial codification of intra- and inter-categorical contents, and Delphi panels for quality control. The research team delved into 62 topics, addressing participants' perceptions of the immigrant experience and its effects on five socialization settings (neighborhood, school, family, peer group, and significant other), and each one's relationship to violent behavior. The results led us to believe the young people's immigration experiences had been systematically examined. Their personal and social development was influenced by negative socioeconomic conditions, ineffective parental supervision, maladjustment and conflict at school, and experiences of marginalization and xenophobia. All those conditions favored affiliation with violent groups that provided them instrumental (economic and material), expressive, or affective support.

  1. Active learning in the space engineering education at Technical University of Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Jacobo; Laverón-Simavilla, Ana; Lapuerta, Victoria; Ezquerro Navarro, Jose Miguel; Cordero-Gracia, Marta

    This work describes the innovative activities performed in the field of space education at the Technical University of Madrid (UPM), in collaboration with the center engaged by the European Space Agency (ESA) in Spain to support the operations for scientific experiments on board the International Space Station (E-USOC). These activities have been integrated along the last academic year of the Aerospatiale Engineering degree. A laboratory has been created, where the students have to validate and integrate the subsystems of a microsatellite by using demonstrator satellites. With the acquired skills, the students participate in a training process centered on Project Based Learning, where the students work in groups to perform the conceptual design of a space mission, being each student responsible for the design of a subsystem of the satellite and another one responsible of the mission design. In parallel, the students perform a training using a ground station, installed at the E-USOC building, which allow them to learn how to communicate with satellites, how to download telemetry and how to process the data. This also allows students to learn how the E-USOC works. Two surveys have been conducted to evaluate the impact of these techniques in the student engineering skills and to know the degree of satisfaction of students with respect to the use of these learning methodologies.

  2. Influence of turbidity and clouds on satellite total ozone data over Madrid (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Camacho

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the comparison of the total ozone column data from three satellite instruments; Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometers (TOMS on board the Earth Probe (EP, Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI on board AURA and Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME on board ERS/2, with ground-based measurement recorded by a well calibrated Brewer spectrophotometer located in Madrid during the period 1996–2008. A cluster classification based on solar radiation (global, direct and diffuse, cloudiness and aerosol index allow selecting hazy, cloudy, very cloudy and clear days. Thus, the differences between Brewer and satellite total ozone data for each cluster have been analyzed. The accuracy of EP-TOMS total ozone data is affected by moderate cloudiness, showing a mean absolute bias error (MABE of 2.0%. In addition, the turbidity also has a significant influence on EP-TOMS total ozone data with a MABE ~1.6%. Those data are in contrast with clear days with MABE ~1.2%. The total ozone data derived from the OMI instrument show clear bias at clear and hazy days with small uncertainties (~0.8%. Finally, the total ozone observations obtained with the GOME instrument show a very smooth dependence with respect to clouds and turbidity, showing a robust retrieval algorithm over these conditions.

  3. The type specimens of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taeger, Andreas; París, Mercedes; Nieves-Aldrey, Jose Luis

    2014-04-16

    The type specimens of sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) housed in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, were examined. Lectotypes are designated and illustrated for the following 32 nominal taxa (preserved in the MNCN collection if not stated otherwise): Tenthredo acutiscutis Konow, 1908; Tenthredo aericeps Konow, 1907; Allantus albipectus Konow, 1907; Athalia bolivari Dusmet, 1896; Tristactus punctatus var. candidatus Konow, 1899; Tenthredo capistrata Konow, 1907; Megalodontes capitalatus Konow 1904 (coll. SDEI); Tenthredo casta Konow, 1908; Clydostomus cestatus Konow, 1908; Miocephala chalybea Konow, 1907 (coll. SDEI); Peus cupreiceps Konow, 1907; Metallopeus cupreolus Malaise, 1945 (coll. NHRS); Allantus dusmeti Konow, 1894 (coll. SDEI); Megalodontes dusmeti Enslin, 1914 (coll. ZSM); Megalodontes escalerai Konow, 1899; Tenthredo flavitarsis Konow, 1908; Sciopteryx galerita Konow, 1907; Tenthredo habenata Konow, 1907; Allantus inguinalis Konow, 1908; Clydostomus merceti Konow, 1908; Megalodontes merceti Konow 1904 (coll. SDEI); Tenthredo mordax Konow, 1908; Megalodontes mundus Konow, 1904; Tenthredo nimbata Konow, 1906; Tenthredo oculissima Konow, 1907; Peus pannulosus Konow, 1907; Tenthredo podagrica Konow, 1907; Arge segmentaria var. rufiventris Konow, 1899; Tenthredo rugiceps Konow, 1908; Tenthredo segrega Konow, 1908; Peus splendidus Konow 1907; Tenthredo suta Konow, 1906. Peus cupreiceps Konow, 1907, is considered to be a valid species. New synonymy is proposed for Tenthredo (Metallopeus) cupreiceps (Konow, 1907), comb. nov., spec. rev. (=Metallopeus cupreolus Malaise, 1945, syn. nov.; =Metallopeus inermis Malaise, 1945, syn. nov.). 

  4. Temporal distribution of air quality related to meteorology and road traffic in Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Martinez, Pedro J; Miranda, Regina M

    2015-04-01

    The impact of climatology--air temperature, precipitation and wind speed--and road traffic--volume, vehicle speed and percentage of heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs)--on air quality in Madrid was studied by estimating the effect for each explanatory variable using generalized linear regression models controlling for monthly variations, days of week and parameter levels. Every 1 m/s increase in wind speed produced a decrease in PM10 concentrations by 10.3% (95% CI 12.6-8.6) for all weekdays and by 12.4% (95% CI 14.9-9.8) for working days (up to the cut-off of 2.4 m/s). Increases of PM10 concentrations due to air temperature (7.2% (95% CI 6.2-8.3)) and traffic volume (3.3% (95% CI 2.9-3.8)) were observed at every 10 °C and 1 million vehicle-km increases for all weekdays; oppositely, slight decreases of PM10 concentrations due to percentage of HDVs (3.2% (95% CI 2.7-3.7)) and vehicle speed (0.7% (95% CI 0.6-0.8)) were observed at every 1% and 1 km/h increases. Stronger effects of climatology on air quality than traffic parameters were found.

  5. The spectral amplification effect of clouds to the night sky radiance in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubé, M.; Kocifaj, M.; Zamorano, J.; Solano Lamphar, H. A.; Sanchez de Miguel, A.

    2016-09-01

    Artificial Light at Night (ALAN) may have various environmental impacts ranging from compromising the visibility of astronomical objects to the perturbation of circadian cycles in animals and humans. In the past much research has been carried out to study the impact of ALAN on the radiance of the night sky during clear sky conditions. This was mainly justified by the need for a better understanding of the behavior of ALAN propagation into the environment in order to protect world-class astronomical facilities. More recently, alongside to the threat to the natural starry sky, many issues have emerged from the biological science community. It has been shown that, nearby or inside cities, the presence of cloud cover generally acts as an amplifier for artificial sky radiance while clouds behave as attenuators for remote observers. In this paper we show the spectral behavior of the zenith sky radiance amplification factor exerted by clouds inside a city. We compare in-situ measurements made with the spectrometer SAND-4 with a numerical model applied to the specific geographical context of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain.

  6. Centro industrial para la «Compagnie des Lampes», en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aymerich, Manuel

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available The second stage of this building, constructed in the Vallecas district of Madrid, includes the workshops for the manufacture of lamp ferrules, with sections for the presses, forging and heat treatment, carbonate stores, mixes, polishing, production control, and other operations. There are also loading and packing zones, offices, first aid room, dressing rooms and services. The plan distribution, and spatial arrangement of this industrial establishment exhibit a formal and functional agile dynamism that is highly becoming.Esta nueva edificación—segunda fase—, construida en Vallecas y destinada a la fabricación de casquillos, consta en esencia de las siguientes zonas: zona de taller propiamente dicha, que alberga las secciones de prensas, mecánica, fragua y tratamientos, almacén de carbonatos, mezclas, vitrita, abrillantado, control, etc.; zona de almacenes, en conexión con los muelles para carga de camiones y carros; y la zona que aloja las oficinas, enfermería, vestuarios y servicios. Tanto la distribución de la planta como la composición de volúmenes resultan de una agilidad notable, ya que, además de su movimiento formal, expresa con sinceridad la función específica de cada cuerpo.

  7. A comprehensive approach for the evaluation and comparison of emission inventories in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedrenne, Michel; Borge, Rafael; Lumbreras, Julio; Rodríguez, María Encarnación; de la Paz, David; Pérez, Javier; Manuel de Andrés, Juan; Quaassdorff, Christina

    2016-11-01

    Emission inventories provide a description of the polluting activities that occur across a specific geographic domain, and are widely used as input for air quality modelling for the assessment of compliance with environmental legislation. The spatial scale to which these inventories are referred has an influence in the representativeness of the emission estimates, as these are underpinned by a number of considerations and data with different levels of granularity. This study proposes a comprehensive framework for the evaluation of emission inventories that allows identifying methodological issues by examining differences in performance to a chemical transport model (CTM) when such inventories are used as input. To demonstrate the approach, a comparison between the national and regional emissions inventories for the Autonomous Community of Madrid (ACM) was carried out (NEI and REI respectively). The analysis revealed discrepancies in compilation methodologies for the domestic sector (SNAP 02), industrial combustion (SNAP 03), road traffic (SNAP 07) and other mobile sources (SNAP 08); most of the differences were originally caused by taking into account different activity variables, fuel mixes, and spatial disaggregation and allocation proxies. The granularity of the base data (statistics, fuel consumption, facilities, etc.) proved to be an essential limiting factor, which means that whenever bottom-up approaches were followed, the description of emission sectors tended to be more accurate.

  8. Los Cynipidae (Hymenoptera de la Comunidad de Madrid: lista anotada, mapas de distribución, riqueza y estatus de conservación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieves-Aldrey, J. L.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Acheck list of the Cynipidae from Comunidad de Madrid (Spain is presented for the first time. The data base contains 2189 records of samplings carried out from 1982 to the present in 103 sites in Madrid and 19 in nearby adjacent provinces. The list of 127 cynipid species from Madrid represents 73% of total Cynipidae species from the Iberian Peninsula. A distribution map in Madrid for each cynipid species is presented, showing the sampling sites where it has been found together with the potential distribution area of the species within the territory. Several aspects on the richness and distribution of the Cynipidae from Madrid are commented: potentially present and absent Iberian species, individual and rare species, and areas of high species richness. The area of highest richness for the Cynipidae of Madrid follows a strip of Cretacic and Tertiary soils along the Guadalix-Venturada-Torrelaguna axis, which also shows a high diversity of cynipid host plants, especially Quercus species. Other areas in SE Madrid deserving protection with regard to cynipids are also shown. These areas, some rich in rare and singular Aylacini species, other relictic areas with Quercus petraea in the Northeast and also some small areas with the presence of Quercus suber in parts of the territory of Madrid, deserve maximum protection concerning Cynipid conservation.

    Se presenta por primera vez la lista anotada de especies y los mapas de distribución de los Cynipidae de la Comunidad de Madrid. Los datos corresponden a 2189 registros pertenecientes a muestreos y colectas efectuados desde 1982 hasta la actualidad, en 103 localidades de Madrid y en otras 19 cercanas de provincias adyacentes. Se relacionan 107 especies de cinípidos que representan el 73 % del total de especies ibéricas. Cada especie se acompaña de su correspondiente mapa de distribución en la Comunidad de Madrid, reflejando los puntos de las localidades de muestreo en los que

  9. A Team Approach to Training Early Intervention and Preschool Personnel in Speech-Language Pathology, 1998-2000. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Jose State Univ., CA.

    This final report discusses the activities and outcomes of a project designed to train specialists to work collaboratively across settings to improve the outcomes of young children with language and learning disabilities. It provided education for trainees that led to a Masters degree in speech-language pathology with a specialty in early…

  10. Study to Determine the Biological Feasibility of a New Fish Tagging System, 1998-2000 Progress Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downing, Sandra L.

    2001-05-01

    Since 1984, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in cooperation with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has conducted an ongoing research and development project to expand and improve technology for Passive-Integrated-Transponder tags (PIT tags) throughout the Columbia River Basin (CRB). Work conducted as part of this project during 1999-2000 was divided into six individual projects, which are covered separately in this report.

  11. Assessing the impacts of methylmercury on piscivorous wildlife: as indicated by the Common Loon, 1998-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anthropogenic inputs of mercury (Hg) into the environment have significantly increased in the past few decades. In conjunction, the current availability of...

  12. Assessing the impacts of methylmercury on piscivorous wildlife as indicated by the common loon, 1998-2000: 2000 final report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Anthropogenic inputs of mercury (Hg) into the environment have significantly increased in the past few decades. In conjunction, the current availability of...

  13. Muelle y edificio de servicios en el puerto de Alicante, España (1997-1998-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Solera, Juan A.

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available The competition consisted in designing a quay for thedisembarkation of local passengers and a building housing akiosk and shaded waiting area on top of it. This was asplendid opportunity for exploring the two extremes ofconstruction most closely linked to the sea: the building of adike and platform using civil engineering techniques inaddition to a small building made with the quality ofmaterials, fit and precision characteristic of the best navalarchitecture. Construction of the quay started with largeblocks of concrete and stone, earth moving and underwateranchoring. It then continue above water, as if it were a boat indry dock, with wood and metal, assembling, fitting together,tightening screws...It was proposed to design and asymmetric quay that wouldlook in a specific direction so that the boats would notobstruct the views from the building. The height of thebuilding was kept to a minimun seeking the predominanthorizontality of any view of a port. The building resolutelyraises its own verticality competing masts of the sailboatslining the dock to greet those who arrive at the citty,The building is intend ed to have an ambiguous relationshipwith the sea. The metal balcony, lack of handrails, lightness,lack of definition between inside and outside and between thesea and land all contribute to creating such a relationship.El concurso consistía en el diseño de un muelle para eldesembarque de viajeros de cercanías y, sobre él, unaedificación que albergase un quiosco y sombra de espera.Una oportunidad espléndida para explorar los dos extremosde la construcción más ligada a la mar: la ejecución deldique y su plataforma con técnicas de ingeniería civil y la deuna pequeña construcción realizada con la calidad material,el ajuste y la precisión propias de la mejor arquitecturanaval. Se construye primero con grandes masas de hormigóny piedra, con movimientos de tierras, con fondeossubmarinos. Se construye después en seco, como si de unbarco se tratara, con madera y metal, ensamblando,encajando, atornillando...Se propone un muelle asimétrico que mira en una direcciónconcreta y permite que las embarcaciones no obstruyan consu presencia las vistas desde la edificación. La construcciónse eleva lo mínimo posible, en busca de la horizontalidaddominante en cualquier visión portuaria, y eleva a lo alto,decidida, su propia vertical que, en competencia con lospalos de vela de los barcos que pueblan la dársena, saluda aquienes llegan a la ciudad.Se pretende una relación ambigua con el mar. El vuelometálico, la ausencia de barandillas, la ligereza, laindefinición del exterior-interior, de mar y tierra, lapropician.

  14. Diversidad y distribución de las especies de Mallophaga (Insecta en Aves y Mamíferos de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Mateo, M. P.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Based on the entomological collection of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, MNCN (Madrid, Spain and the literature, a total of 145 species of birds and 12 species of mammals that could be potential hosts of Mallophaga, are cited for Madrid. These species are potential hosts to 306 species of Mallophaga. Only 29 species of birds (20% and 2 species of mammals (14,3% have been searched for the presence of Mallophaga. These species could be potential hosts of 91 different Mallophaga species, but only 40 species (44% are recorded. Each species present in Madrid is indicated with its the host, the material known and respective references.

    Se presenta información general sobre la biodiversidad y distribución de los Mallophaga parásitos de aves y mamíferos en la Comunidad de Madrid. Con base en datos obtenidos en colecciones del MNCN (Madrid y revisión de la bibliografía de referencia, se obtienen un total de 145 especies de aves y 12 de mamíferos hospedadores potenciales de 306 especies de malófagos en la Comunidad de Madrid. De ésas, solo 29 especies de aves (20 % y 2 de mamíferos (14,3 % han sido exploradas, las cuales podrían estar parasitadas por, al menos, 91 especies diferentes de malófagos, pero solo se conocen citas de 40 especies (44 %. En cada especie indicada se señalan los hospedadores conocidos, material y referencia correspondiente para cada especie de Mallophaga citada en la Comunidad de Madrid.

  15. Natural cement in the nineteenth century city of Madrid. Identification of their application, conservation status and their compatibility with moderns cements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrochano, Cristina Mayo; Lasheras Merino, Felix; Sanz-Arauz, David

    2016-04-01

    Roman cement was patented in 1796 and it arrived to Spain in 1835. Although the natural cement used in Madrid came mainly from Guipúzcoa's factories, there were a few small factories producing natural cement in the area. In the south east of Madrid, in "Morata de Tajuña", are the marl quarries of the Madrid Community. Natural cement was extensively used to decorate buildings in Madrid during the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. It was highly demanded in various sectors of civil engineering: sewerage, water supply, canals, ports and tunnels. In the building sector, at first the use of cements was limited to building foundations and masonry mortars, but never as render mortar because it was considered an unsightly and vulgar material. For renders still traditional lime mortar was used. And is not till the end of the 19th century when it was used in facade decorations for the first time. We have analysed 25 buildings in Madrid built in that period of time. It was used microscopy techniques for the identification of these cements, checking how many of them used natural cement, how they used it, what is its conservation status and their compatibility with modern cements.

  16. La rehabilitación del centro histórico de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herraez, Sigfrido

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to its large surface, over 320 hectares, the historical centre of Madrid included areas with a very high level of architectural, urban, social and environmental decay, there being greatly marginalised districts which shelter immigrant population . In view of this on-going urban decay of the historical centre, the three administrations (state, regional and local entered several agreements for the Rehabilitation of the Residential and Urban Heritage, which, together with the Cohesion Funds and the URBAN projects for Cinema and Theatre Itineraries, both financed by the European Union, intend to regenerate the urban base Coordination and management are in the hands of the Municipal Housing Corporation. The formula selected to intervene in the historical centre has been the declaration of Preferential Rehabilitation Areas, which focuses on the squares or main streets in each district. Another f ormula to intervene has been the rehabilitation of streets within the Cinema and Theatre Itineraries under the URBAN projects, the base of which is connected to the rehabilitation areas containing streets with prostitution and social marginalisation. The Cohesion Funds to upgrade the urban environment of Lavapies aim at adapting this district to the new needs of its population. Interventions aim at infrastructure renovation, street design improvement, accessibility, environment upgrading, rehabilitation of housing blocks to improve the quality of life of their inhabitants, developing accesses for cultural activities, support for the arts and crafts industry and small enterprises, social programmes and economic activity improvement Total investment in the Historical Centre amounts to 52,489 million pesetas (315 million euros up to the year 2002 .EI centro histórico de Madrid, debido a su gran extensión, mas de 320 hectáreas, presentaba zonas con elevado nivel de deterioro arquitectónico, urbanístico, social y medioambiental, existiendo barrios con gran

  17. Conservación de fachadas en diversos lugares de Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serra Gesta, Jesús

    1984-09-01

    Full Text Available As complement to the Main Subject this section presents four works which select some of the most recent facts about the emptying of buildings preserving their frontage. This subject is more and more frequent because of the multiplicity of the recent ordinances tending towards the preservation of the historical and artistic patrimony of our towns, and of great complexity because of the specificity of each case. The whole of those four works intend to reflect some of the most common problems in this dink of project and their correct solution. The first correspond to a building of three floors with a semi basement that, after being emptied and rebuilt, a new body off our floors is added using completely different methods according to the municipal council ordinances. The second work includes two buildings of a very different use (an ice factory and its offices constructed in consecutive periods and with different constructive treatments which obliges to search a diverse solution for each body. The third project is an action taken by the City Council of Madrid, who acted by substitutive execution considering the high danger of ruin of the building and the passiveness of its owners. The last work is a house-building on a ground plan shaped as an L, with six levels on top of the basement.Como complemento del Tema de Fondo se presentan en esta sección cuatro obras que recogen algunas de las realizaciones más recientes en esta materia del vaciado de edificios conservando la fachada, tema cada vez más frecuente por la multitud de recientes disposiciones tendentes a conservar el patrimonio histórico-artístico de nuestras ciudades, y de gran complejidad por la especificidad de cada uno de los casos. Con el conjunto de las cuatro obras se pretende reflejar algunos de los problemas que más comúnmente se presentan en este tipo de proyectos, y sus correctas soluciones. La primera corresponde a un edificio de dos plantas con semisótano que

  18. Effect of anisotropy on Madrid-region Cretaceous dolostone durability in salt crystallization processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taborda-Duarte, M.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The resistance of dolomitic limestone to salt crystallization processes was studied on materials from Redueña and Torrelaguna in the province of Madrid, Spain. Much of the region’s architectural and monumental heritage was built with the materials from these two sites. Stone specimens were selected for testing on the basis of ultrasonic wave propagation velocity (Vp measurements taken in around one hundred cubic samples of each variety. The anisotropy indices were calculated and the samples were clustered on the basis of the results. Two representative samples of each class were taken and characterized for their petrographic and petrophysical properties before and after exposure to salt crystallization cycles. Ageing was evaluated in terms of weight loss and the visual deterioration observed. The degeneration pattern found varied substantially in the two materials: the Requena material exhibited more intense deterioration, with scaling and spalling, while the Torrelaguna dolostone tended to generate fragmentation and rounding at corners and edges. The anisotropy of these stones does not appear to clearly govern salt crystallization-mediated deterioration. Although no clear relationship could be established between the intensity of deterioration and the initial anisotropy indices, total anisotropy was observed to increase as a general rule, and normally more than the relative anisotropy index. No specific anisotropic group was found to undergo greater variation than any other.En este trabajo se estudia el comportamiento de las dolomías de Redueña y de Torrelaguna frente a los efectos de la cristalización de sales. Ambos materiales han sido ampliamente utilizados en la construcción del Patrimonio arquitectónico y monumental de la región de Madrid. Para la selección de las probetas pétreas a ensayar, se midió la velocidad de propagación de ondas ultrasónicas (Vp en cerca de un centenar de muestras cúbicas de cada variedad. Se

  19. Autonomous Activist-Research. The case of the squatters' movement in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez López, Miguel Ángel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Citizen participation has been recently incorporated in the design and implementation of different public policies but participants have often criticised that there is little room for autonomous modes of citizen participation within institutional frameworks. Which are the specific features of autonomous processes of citizen participation compared to the most institutional ones? How does autonomous participation develop? This article deals with the methodological aspects of autonomous participation. In doing so, we will present an experience of autonomous activist-research within the squatters’ movement of Madrid which lasted for two and a half years. In particular, we focus on the methodological decisions taken by activist-researchers and describe the major contributions of this participatory process. We argue that such an activist-research process was based upon three different strategies which provided a productive framework for the participants’ involvement: a an open, horizontal and self-managed group of activist-researchers; b an open-source and copy-left commitment in order to fulfill an equal access to the production of knowledge; c a qualitative and comprehensive methodology which allowed to gather a wide range of information taking into account the social diversity within the squatters’ movement.

    La participación ciudadana ha sido recientemente incorporada en el diseño e implementación de diferentes políticas públicas, pero quienes participan han criticado a menudo que existe poco espacio para las modalidades autónomas de participación ciudadana dentro de los marcos institucionales. ¿Cuáles son los rasgos específicos de los procesos autónomos de participación ciudadana comparados a los más institucionales? ¿Cómo se desarrolla la participación autónoma? Este artículo expone algunos aspectos metodológicos de la participación autónoma. Presentamos una experiencia de investigación activista aut

  20. Comportamiento hidrotermal de las arcillas saponiticas de la Cuenca de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuevas Rodríguez, J.

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available The hydrothermal behavior of sedimentary saponitic clays from Madrid Basin has been investigated to assess their potential use as a buffer material in high level radioactive waste repositories. This paper deals with a rewiew of several aspects that has been studied: the adsorption and irreversible fixation of K+, the alteration in absence of potasium and the effects of heat and steam on textural properties of the smectitic clay. Experiments have covered temperatures up to 175 ºC with an excess of liquid water except on the last subject. Chemical and XRD analyses of final clay products and solutions indicates minor alteration of the saponite in the hydrothermal experiments either in the presence or absence of potasium. No illitization or chloritization processes seems to affect the smectite. Sepiolite was found to be largely dissolved at 175 ºC, a process that inhibited recrystallization or formation of illite observed when illite was present in significant amounts in starting materials. Accessory minerals (illite and sepiolite accompayning as traces the saponitic material underwent and intense degradation at 175 ºC in absence of potasium. On the other hand, clay steamed at 200 ºC showed significant textural changes forming highly stable silt size aggregates which hindered the swelling abilities of the saponitic material, a fact that was previously observed in montmorillonites.El comportamiento hidrotermal de las arcillas saponíticas de origen sedimentario de la Cuenca de Madrid ha sido investigado en función de su uso potencial como barrera geoquímica en el almacenamiento de residuos radiactivos de alta actividad. Este artículo es una revisión de los aspectos estudiados hasta el momento: la adsorción y fijación irreversible de K+, la alteración en ausencia de potasio y los efectos del vapor de agua a elevada temperatura en las características texturales de la arcilla. Los experimentos se han realizado a temperaturas de hasta

  1. Contributions of palynology in the reconstruction of livestock impact on the surroundings of Rascafria (Madrid) during the recent Holocene; Aportaciones de la palinologia en la reconstruccion del impacto ganadero, en los alrededores de Rascafria (Madrid), durante el Holoceno reciente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, C.; Ruiz Zapata, M. B.; Lopez-Saez, J. A.; Gil Garcia, M. J.

    2009-07-01

    We present the results obtained from the palaeocological studies about human impact on the vegetal landscape of a peat bog located in Resurface (Lozoya Valley, Madrid, Central Spain). Palynomorph analysis allows to identify the kind and intensity of human activity and its relation to the trophic changes in the peat bog during the late Holocene (2455{+-}35 BP). Pollen record reveals an anthropic Mediterranean landscape mainly composed by pastures used for grazing. Non Pollen Palynomorphs (NPP) and pH and conductivity sediment have revealed as useful tools for detection of trophic conditions and land use changes. (Author)

  2. Planificación nutricional de los menús escolares para los centros públicos de la Comunidad de Madrid Nutritional planning of menus of public schools of the Community of Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    S. del Pozo; Cuadrado, C.; Rodríguez, M.; Quintanilla, L.; Ávila, J. M.; O. Moreiras

    2006-01-01

    En los menús servidos en los comedores de los colegios públicos de la Comunidad de Madrid (CM) se venían detectando algunos desequilibrios nutricionales: cantidades insuficientes, desviaciones interdías de hasta el 50% de energía, desequilibrio en los perfiles calórico y lipídico, poca variedad, desinformación de los padres, etc. La Consejería de Educación de la CM, consideró necesario planificar y regular las condiciones básicas que deben reunir los menús para dichos comedores. La Fundación ...

  3. Perdiéndonos en la ciudad: el consumo responsable como mensaje, la ciudad de Madrid como ecosistema comunicativo Lost in the city: the responsible consumption as message, and the city of Madrid as communication ecosystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Piñeiro

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El ritmo de consumo actual es muy superior a la capacidad ecológica de nuestros entornos, lo cual es substancialmente importante en las ciudades donde es mayor el desequilibrio de los flujos metabólicos. En este sentido, entendemos que el fomento del consumo responsable es fundamental para la sostenibilidad urbana, donde los mensajes mayoritarios se encuentran posicionados en la actual sociedad de consumo. Por ello nos preguntamos ¿qué presencia tienen los mensajes de consumo responsable en la ciudad?, ¿cuáles son los discursos y prácticas de la ciudad de Madrid relacionadas con el consumo responsable? Este trabajo es una aproximación exploratoria a dicho contexto y para su desarrollo hemos utilizado la técnica de la deriva (28 derivas realizadas en 2009 y distribuidas en cuatro barrios de la ciudad de Madrid. Identificamos múltiples y diversos discursos y prácticas vinculadas con el consumo responsable, especialmente en ámbitos como la movilidad, el consumo energético y de agua, o el uso del tiempo y el espacio.The current rate of consumption is much higher than the ecology capacity of our environment. This is substantially important in cities where the imbalance of metabolic fluxes is greater. In this sense, to promote responsible consumption is the key to look for the urban sustainability, where the major communication messages are based on the current consumer society. Therefore we ask: what messages of responsible consumption are in the city? what discourses and practices related to responsible consumption are in Madrid? This work is an exploratory approach to that context and we use the technique of drift (28 drifts out in 2009 and distributed in four districts of the city of Madrid. We identify multiple and diverse discourses and practices associated with responsible consumption, especially in areas such as mobility, energy and water consumption or the use of time and space.

  4. Epidemiologic study on the current incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Madrid Estudio epidemiológico sobre la incidencia actual de la enfemedad inflamatoria intestinal en un área sanitaria de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. López-Serrano

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD varies widely according to geographical area and has been reported to have increased in the last few years. No data are available on the current incidence of this disease in Madrid (Spain. Aim: to determine the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in the area of influence of University Hospital Fundación Alcorcón (Madrid, and to compare our results with those from other Spanish and European series. Patients and methods: a prospective, population-based study was performed to determine the incidence of IBD in the area of University Hospital Fundación Alcorcón in Madrid between 2003 and 2005. Total population: 213,587 inhabitants (177,490 older than 14 years. Crude rates and age- and sex-specific rates adjusted to the European standard population were calculated. A retrospective study (1998-2003 was also performed. Results: a total of 69 cases were diagnosed -Crohn's disease (CD: 35, ulcerative colitis (UC: 33, indeterminate colitis: 1- in the prospective period. Crude rates of CD and UC were 7.92 and 7.47 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year, respectively (the population aged 0-14 years. Specific rates were 8.0 (95% CI, 7.03-8.97 and 7.47 (95% CI, 6.5-8.4, respectively. Mean age at diagnosis was 31.02± 10.76 and 39.91±16.19 years for CD and UC, respectively. Incidence in the retrospective study was 7.13 and 6.22 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year, respectively for CD and UC. Conclusions: the incidence of CD and UC in Madrid has increased in the last decades, with rates close to those in northern European countries for CD, higher than those recently published in Spanish prospective studies and similar to those previously described in Spain and southern countries for UC. Rates were higher in the prospective period than in the retrospective one.

  5. Microscale traffic simulation and emission estimation in a heavily trafficked roundabout in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quaassdorff, Christina; Borge, Rafael; Pérez, Javier; Lumbreras, Julio; de la Paz, David; de Andrés, Juan Manuel

    2016-10-01

    This paper presents the evaluation of emissions from vehicle operations in a domain of 300m×300m covering a complex urban roundabout with high traffic density in Madrid. Micro-level simulation was successfully applied to estimate the emissions on a scale of meters. Two programs were used: i) VISSIM to simulate the traffic on the square and to compute velocity-time profiles; and ii) VERSIT+micro through ENVIVER that uses VISSIM outputs to compute the related emissions at vehicle level. Data collection was achieved by a measurement campaign obtaining empirical data of vehicle flows and traffic intensities. Twelve simulations of different traffic situations (scenarios) were conducted, representing different hours from several days in a week and the corresponding NOX and PM10 emissions were estimated. The results show a general reduction on average speeds for higher intensities due to braking-acceleration patterns that contribute to increase the average emission factor and, therefore, the total emissions in the domain, especially on weekdays. The emissions are clearly related to traffic volume, although maximum emission scenario does not correspond to the highest traffic intensity due to congestion and variations in fleet composition throughout the day. These results evidence the potential that local measures aimed at alleviating congestion may have in urban areas to reduce emissions. In general, scenario-averaged emission factors estimated with the VISSIM-VERSIT+micro modelling system fitted well those from the average-speed model COPERT, used as a preliminary validation of the results. The largest deviations between these two models occur in those scenarios with more congestion. The design and resolution of the microscale modelling system allow to reflect the impact of actual traffic conditions on driving patterns and related emissions, making it useful for the design of mitigation measures for specific traffic hot-spots.

  6. [Neurosyphilis in the 21st century: a descriptive study in a tertiary hospital in Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villar-Quiles, R N; Porta-Etessam, J

    2016-11-01

    Introduccion. La neurosifilis puede ocurrir en cualquier momento tras la infeccion por Treponema pallidum y su incidencia esta aumentando en los ultimos años. El patron epidemiologico y clinico ha experimentado un cambio sustancial en la era postantibiotica. Objetivo. Describir y analizar la poblacion de pacientes con diagnostico de neurosifilis de un hospital terciario de Madrid desde enero de 2008 a mayo 2015. Pacientes y metodos. Se analizaron retrospectivamente datos demograficos, clinicos, pruebas complementarias –serologia, liquido cefalorraquideo (LCR), neuroimagen– y evolucion de 28 pacientes diagnosticados entre 2008 y 2015. Resultados. La mayoria fueron varones (89,3%), españoles (60,7%), con una edad media de 53 ± 16,4 años. Lo mas frecuente fueron las formas asintomaticas (39,3%), seguidas de sifilis ocular (21%), formas no clasicas (14,3%), deterioro cognitivo y alteraciones neuropsiquiatricas (11%). El 50% presentaba infeccion concomitante por virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana, la mayoria asintomaticos, con una correlacion significativa entre linfocitos T CD4+ y neurosifilis asintomatica. Unicamente el 50% presento VDRL+ en el LCR, basandose el diagnostico en la clinica, la serologia y las alteraciones en el LCR (citobioquimicas o serologicas). La neuroimagen fue inespecifica en la mayoria de los casos. Las formas tempranas y las formas oculares se asociaron a una mejor evolucion clinica. Conclusiones. Respecto a la era preantibiotica, se observa un descenso muy importante en las formas tardias, asi como la aparicion de formas no clasicas que pueden simular otras entidades, como encefalitis viricas. El diagnostico es complejo y se basa en la clinica, la serologia y el estudio del LCR, a menudo con una interpretacion compleja, por lo que la sospecha clinica es fundamental en el diagnostico.

  7. El juego patológico en los universitarios de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLOS VILLORIA LÓPEZ

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El juego patológico constituye un grave problema que afecta a toda la población, principalmente a los más jóvenes, siendo la población universitaria la menos estudiada. En el presente estudio se pretende conocer la prevalencia del comportamiento de juego de azar con apuesta en los universitarios de la Comunidad Madrid, así como las relaciones sociodemográficas y psicopatológicas de los grupos estudiados. Para ello, se utilizó una prueba que incluía una versión del SOGS, encuestando a 1.707 jóvenes estudiantes de las universidades madrileñas. Los resultados muestran que un 80% de los universitarios juegan dinero con mayor o menor frecuencia, existiendo un 4,5% de probables jugadores patológicos y un 6,6% de universitarios considerados jugadores problema. El 90,9% de los jugadores patológicos son varones, mientras que el 74,9% de los considerados no jugadores son mujeres, estableciéndose una relación inversa muy significativa. Los posteriores análisis de las variables sexo y tipo de jugador arrojan datos de gran interés, pudiendo establecer perfiles característicos. Los datos muestran la necesidad de intervención preventiva sobre este sector de la población tan vulnerable por sus intrínsecos factores de riesgo.

  8. Local Wave Propagation in the Kachchh Basin, India: Synergy With the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langston, C. A.; Kang, D.; Bodin, P.; Horton, S.

    2002-12-01

    Aftershocks of the Mw7.6 Bhuj earthquake are used to infer velocity structure and the nature of wave propagation within the Kachchh Basin, India. The data were collected from a joint MAEC/ISTAR deployment of seismographs within 3 weeks of the main event and from existing broadband stations in the region under the India Meteorological Department. Waveforms are available from events that span the entire thickness of the crust and display a variety of wave propagation effects due to low-velocity near-surface site structure and larger structure of the Mesozoic Kachchh basin. These effects include near-site, high frequency reverberations in P and S waves, Sp and Ps mode conversions, PL waves within the Mesozoic basin, basin S multiples, and surface waves. Surface wave group velocity dispersion yields estimates of basin shear wave velocity, and when coupled to analysis of large observed Sp conversions, give a migrated image of stratigraphy within the Banni plains that agrees favorably with published stratigraphy. Identification of basin structure effects allows constraints to be placed on aftershock source depths that are needed in evaluating standard earthquake locations. Structure models are used to construct Green's functions for determining source parameters through waveform modeling. Although stations of the aftershock network were situated on a variety of sites that varied from consolidated Mesozoic bedrock to unconsolidated recent sediments, all stations show major wave propagation effects due to basin fill that must be included in source parameter estimation. These effects seen in India have many similarities to wave propagation effects observed within the Mississippi embayment from microearthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) of the central U.S. Joint waveform studies are motivating new ways of understanding wave propagation and source processes within both areas.

  9. Ground motion-simulations of 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes, central United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez-Guzman, L.; Graves, Robert; Olsen, Kim B.; Boyd, Oliver; Cramer, Chris H.; Hartzell, Stephen; Ni, Sidao; Somerville, Paul G.; Williams, Robert; Zhong, Jinquan

    2015-01-01

    We performed a suite of numerical simulations based on the 1811–1812 New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) earthquakes, which demonstrate the importance of 3D geologic structure and rupture directivity on the ground‐motion response throughout a broad region of the central United States (CUS) for these events. Our simulation set consists of 20 hypothetical earthquakes located along two faults associated with the current seismicity trends in the NMSZ. The hypothetical scenarios range in magnitude from M 7.0 to 7.7 and consider various epicenters, slip distributions, and rupture characterization approaches. The low‐frequency component of our simulations was computed deterministically up to a frequency of 1 Hz using a regional 3D seismic velocity model and was combined with higher‐frequency motions calculated for a 1D medium to generate broadband synthetics (0–40 Hz in some cases). For strike‐slip earthquakes located on the southwest–northeast‐striking NMSZ axial arm of seismicity, our simulations show 2–10 s period energy channeling along the trend of the Reelfoot rift and focusing strong shaking northeast toward Paducah, Kentucky, and Evansville, Indiana, and southwest toward Little Rock, Arkansas. These waveguide effects are further accentuated by rupture directivity such that an event with a western epicenter creates strong amplification toward the northeast, whereas an eastern epicenter creates strong amplification toward the southwest. These effects are not as prevalent for simulations on the reverse‐mechanism Reelfoot fault, and large peak ground velocities (>40  cm/s) are typically confined to the near‐source region along the up‐dip projection of the fault. Nonetheless, these basin response and rupture directivity effects have a significant impact on the pattern and level of the estimated intensities, which leads to additional uncertainty not previously considered in magnitude estimates of the 1811–1812 sequence based only on historical

  10. GraffiCity – kreativer Protest, belonging und citizenship im Madrider Stadtteil Lavapiés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Youkhana

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Kreative Protestformen in urbanen Räumen haben in den letzten Jahren weltweit eine Renaissance erfahren. Symbolische Aneignungen durch Haus- und Platzbesetzungen, Graffiti und politische stencils (Schablonen prägen zunehmend den öffentlichen Raum in Großstädten und stehen beispielhaft für Protest, der jenseits institutionalisierter politischer Auseinandersetzungen angesiedelt ist. Wie aber werden dadurch Bürgerrechte und diejenigen gestärkt, die sich nicht in vorgegebenen gesellschaftlichen Systemen und sozialen Strukturen bewegen? Welche Rolle spielt der urbane Raum für Vergemeinschaftungsprozesse, für die Konstituierung von Zugehörigkeit und sozialen Kollektiven?Am Beispiel des Stadtzentrums von Madrid zeigt sich im Rahmen des neoliberalen Umstrukturierungsprozesses, wie städtische Formen, die Machtbeziehungen prägen und reflektieren, und die daraus hervorgehenden soziomateriellen Beziehungen auch den Bewohner_innen in den alltäglichen Auseinandersetzungen für das ‚Recht auf Stadt‘ dienen können. Anhand des Arbeiter- und Migrantenviertels Lavapiés wird erörtert, wie einerseits durch die Etablierung kultureller Institutionen und die Neugestaltung (inklusive verstärkte Kontrolle öffentlicher Plätze Veränderungen des Images des Stadtteils sowie der Wohn-, Miet- und Besitzverhältnisse unterstützt und provoziert worden sind, und damit auch Gentrifizierung und die Vertreibung von weniger bemittelten Bevölkerungsgruppen. Als Folge dieser sozialräumlichen Wandlungsprozesse haben sich andererseits aber auch verschiedene widerständische und kreative Praktiken herausgebildet und Lavapiés zu einem umkämpften Raum gemacht. Diese Initiativen stehen – entgegen der Kommerzialisierung, Kontrolle und Vertreibung – für eine politische Kultur, die neue Formen der Zugehörigkeit schafft, die dynamisch, situativ und fließend sind.

  11. Project Based Learning experiences in the space engineering education at Technical University of Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Jacobo; Laverón-Simavilla, Ana; del Cura, Juan M.; Ezquerro, José M.; Lapuerta, Victoria; Cordero-Gracia, Marta

    2015-10-01

    This work describes the innovation activities performed in the field of space education since the academic year 2009/10 at the Technical University of Madrid (UPM), in collaboration with the Spanish User Support and Operations Center (E-USOC), the center assigned by the European Space Agency (ESA) in Spain to support the operations of scientific experiments on board the International Space Station. These activities have been integrated within the last year of the UPM Aerospace Engineering degree. A laboratory has been created, where students have to validate and integrate the subsystems of a microsatellite using demonstrator satellites. In parallel, the students participate in a Project Based Learning (PBL) training process in which they work in groups to develop the conceptual design of a space mission. One student in each group takes the role of project manager, another one is responsible for the mission design and the rest are each responsible for the design of one of the satellite subsystems. A ground station has also been set up with the help of students developing their final thesis, which will allow future students to perform training sessions and learn how to communicate with satellites, how to receive telemetry and how to process the data. Several surveys have been conducted along two academic years to evaluate the impact of these techniques in engineering learning. The surveys evaluate the acquisition of specific and generic competences, as well as the students' degree of satisfaction with respect to the use of these learning methodologies. The results of the surveys and the perception of the lecturers show that PBL encourages students' motivation and improves their results. They not only acquire better technical training, but also improve their transversal skills. It is also pointed out that this methodology requires more dedication from lecturers than traditional methods.

  12. Enhancement of archaeological heritage. El Risco de las Cuevas at Perales de Tajuña, Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire-Lista, David Martin; Alvarez de Buergo, Mónica; Fort, Rafael

    2016-04-01

    Heritage conservation has a great impact on the economy of a country. The enhancement of archaeological sites is an investment that promotes tourism and culture. The interdisciplinary knowledge of heritage should be the basis of its management. Preventive actions, non-destructive analytical techniques and monitoring for the conservation of these assets should be promoted. "El Risco de las Cuevas" is a highly decayed and nearly vertical gypsum escarpment which contains a series of dwellings excavated during the Chalcolithic and much more recent times. It is located at Perales de Tajuña, 40 km southeast of Madrid, Spain. This monument is approximately 70 metres high and 500 metres wide. It was listed as a cultural and monumental heritage site by the regional government of Madrid in 1998. The gypsum escarpment housing the dwellings forms part of a lower Miocene unit (Madrid Basin). Debris cones with a mixture of debris from the lower, medium and upper units are found at the bottom of the rockwall. The vulnerability of this monument to atmospheric agents has been studied using "in situ" monitoring techniques of humidity, temperature and rate of rockfalls. Drones have been used for aerial photography in the highest areas of the escarpment and have provided an information network of fractures likely to cause rockfall. Gypsum artificial accelerated ageing has been carried out in the laboratory, including freeze/thaw, wet/dry, thermal shock and dissolution tests. To determine the response of these accelerated ageing processes, density, micro-roughness, ultrasound velocities (Vp and Vs), air permeability and microscopy measurements were made before, during and after ageing tests. Geomorphological studies, rates of decay, material characteristics and durability tests indicate that the decay is controlled by the mineralogy, clay content and porosity of the gypsum rock, as well as microclimate, temperature changes and rock fractures. Rockfalls are particularly relevant in the

  13. Length of residence and risk of eating disorders in immigrant adolescents living in madrid. The AFINOS study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteban-Gonzalo, Laura; Veiga, Oscar L; Gómez-Martínez, Sonia; Veses, Ana M; Regidor, Enrique; Martínez, David; Marcos, Ascensión; Calle, María E

    2014-05-01

    Objetivos: Este estudio fue diseñado para comparar el riesgo de trastornos de conducta alimentaria (TCA) entre adolescentes nativos e inmigrantes residentes en Madrid, así como para determinar la posible influencia del tiempo de residencia en el riesgo de los inmigrantes. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal durante el periodo comprendido entre noviembre 2007 y febrero 2008 sobre una muestra representativa de adolescentes residentes en Madrid, con edades de entre 13 y 17 años (n = 2.077, 1.052 mujeres). Los datos se recogieron usando la versión española del cuestionario SCOFF para la detección de trastornos alimentarios. Otros factores considerados fueron el país de nacimiento, el tiempo de residencia y diversas variables biológicas, socio-demográficas, relativas a estilo de vida y la salud. Resultados: Según los tres modelos de regresión logística construidos, las mujeres adolescentes inmigrantes en conjunto mostraron un mayor riesgo de TCA (OR = 1,95; 95%CI 1,29-2,95; p = 0,001) que las nativas. Además, la probabilidad de sufrir TCA fue mayor entre las adolescentes inmigrantes con una residencia en España < 6 años que en las nativas (OR = 2,44; 95%CI 1,42-4,18; p = 0,001), mientras que no se encontraron diferencias entre las adolescentes nativas y las inmigrantes con un tiempo de residencia ≥6 años. No se observaron diferencias en el riesgo de TCA entre los adolescentes varones nativos y los inmigrantes, tanto en conjunto como según tiempo de residencia. Conclusiones: La condición de inmigrante y el tiempo de residencia son factores relevantes a la hora de considerar el riesgo de TCA en adolescentes residentes en Madrid.

  14. Length of residence and risk of eating disorders in immigrant adolescents living in Madrid: the AFINOS study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Esteban-Gonzalo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study was designed to compare the risk of having an eating disorder (ED among immigrant and native adolescents living in Madrid and to determine the possible influence of length of residence (LOR on the risk of the immigrants. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from november 2007 to february 2008 in a representative sample of adolescents aged 13 to 17 years (n = 2,077, 1,052 girls living in the Madrid region. Data were collected using the Spanish version of the SCOFF Eating Disorders Questionnaire. Further factors considered were country of birth, LOR and several biological, sociodemographic, lifestyle and health-related variables. Results: According to the three logistic regression models constructed, female immigrant adolescents on the whole showed a greater ED risk (OR = 1.95; 95%CI 1.292.95; p = 0.001 than native adolescents. Moreover, the likelihood of ED was higher among female immigrants living in Spain for <6 years than for Spanish native females (OR = 2.44; 95%CI 1.42-4.18; p = 0.001, while no significant differences were found when female natives were compared with female immigrants living in this country for ≥ 6 years. Similarly, no differences were observed in the ED risk recorded for male native and immigrant adolescents, both as a whole and by length of residence in Spain. Conclusions: The immigrant status and the length of Spanish residence are relevant factors in regard to the ED risk in adolescents living in Madrid.

  15. Risk factors associated with the blood lead levels of children in the Community of Madrid in 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Ordóñez-Iriarte

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lead is a toxic element for humans, with children being the most vulnerable population.Objective: To find out the risk factors associated to the existing blood lead levels (BLLs of children in the Community of Madrid, after 9 years of lead being banned in gasoline.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2010 with a sample of 85 children, less than 15 years of age, recruited via the outpatients’ service of the Pediatrics Department of the Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Madrid. Routine blood tests provided the opportunity for determining other blood parameters. Lead levels were measured using electrothermal-atomization atomic absorption spectrometry with the Zeeman-effect background correction. In addition, a survey was undertaken directed to the parents for gathering information about a series of socioeconomic and environmental variables.Results: The arithmetic mean of the BLLs in the children was 1.1 μg/dL (SD=0.7 μg/dL with a range from 0.1 μg/dL to 3.4 μg/dL. The geometric mean was 0.9 μg/dL (SD= 1.1 μg/dL. The risk factors associated to these BLLs are the following: playing in the street; low educational level of the parents; leisure activities of one of the parents linked to lead; tobacco smoking of the father; and drinking tap water.Conclusions: The BLLs of the children in the Community of Madrid have decreased, but there are still sociodemographic and environmental risk factors associated to the present levels.

  16. Application of WRF/Chem-MADRID for real-time air quality forecasting over the Southeastern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Ming-Tung; Zhang, Yang; Kang, Daiwen

    2011-11-01

    A Real-Time Air Quality Forecast (RT-AQF) system that is based on a three-dimensional air quality model provides a powerful tool to forecast air quality and advise the public with proper preventive actions. In this work, a new RT-AQF system is developed based on the online-coupled Weather Research and Forecasting model with Chemistry (WRF/Chem) with the Model of Aerosol Dynamics, Reaction, Ionization, and Dissolution (MADRID) (referred to as WRF/Chem-MADRID) and deployed in the southeastern U.S. during May-September, 2009. Max 1-h and 8-h average ozone (O 3) and 24-h average fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) are evaluated against surface observations from the AIRNow database in terms of spatial distribution, temporal variation, and domain-wide and region-specific discrete and categorical performance statistics. WRF/Chem-MADRID demonstrates good forecasting skill that is consistent with current RT-AQF models. The overpredictions of O 3 and underprediction of PM 2.5 are likely due to uncertainties in emissions such as those of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) and ammonia, inaccuracies in simulated meteorological variables such as 2-m temperature, 10-m wind speed, and precipitation, and uncertainties in the boundary conditions. Sensitivity simulations show that the use of the online BVOC emissions can improve PM 2.5 forecast in areas with high BVOC emissions and adjusting lateral boundaries can improve domain-wide O 3 and PM 2.5 predictions. Several limitations and uncertainties are identified to further improve the model's forecasting skill.

  17. Composition of clastic sediments in the Somosaguas area (middle Miocene, Madrid Basin): insights into provenance and palaeoclimate

    OpenAIRE

    Fesharaki, Omid; Arribas, J.; López-Martínez, Nieves

    2015-01-01

    [ES] La zona occidental de la cuenca de Madrid no ha sido adecuadamente estudiada. Esto, combinado con la alta homogeneidad de facies detríticas dificulta la correlación estratigráfica con otras áreas de la cuenca. En consecuencia, sólo una caracterización detallada de diferentes zonas de estudio puede permitir posteriores trabajos de correlación regional. En los últimos años se han descubierto varios yacimientos de fósiles de vertebrados en esta área que permiten la datación de los ...

  18. Modelos de demanda potencial de viajeros en redes de transporte público : aplicaciones en el Metro de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Puebla, Javier; Cardozo, Osvaldo Daniel; García Palomares, Juan Carlos

    2008-01-01

    Este trabajo propone una metodología basada en Sistemas de Información Geográfica para estimar la demanda de viajes en estaciones de redes de transporte público, tomando como ejemplo la red de metro de Madrid. Primero se emplea una serie de datos descriptivos para caracterizar la red, clasificar las estaciones y obtener una tipología de las mismas. Luego, con el objetivo de explicar y predecir los viajes (entradas a la red) se generan dos modelos: uno sencillo a partir de las tasas de penetra...

  19. Patologías relacionadas con las condiciones ambientales de un hospital terciario de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Martínez Fernández; María Fuentes Piñeiro; Laura Ruiz Ruiz; Jenry Ricardo Borda Olivas; Margarita Dietl Sagües; M.ª Luisa Rodríguez de la Pinta

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: El Síndrome del edificio enfermo (SEE) cursa con una mayor incidencia de síntomas como cefaleas, irritación de mucosas y sensación de fatiga, que mejoran o incluso desaparecen al abandonar el edificio. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) estima que este problema afecta al 30% de los edificios modernos y causa molestias al 10-30% de sus ocupantes. Objetivo: Determinar si los síntomas manifestados por los trabajadores de un hospital terciario de la Comunidad de Madrid se cor...

  20. Salud periodontal y hábitos en un grupo de mayores de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    E. Járitzon Meneses-Gómez; M.R. Garcillán Izquierdo; E. Bratos Calvo

    2013-01-01

    Aspectos como los niveles económicos, los hábitos de tabaco y de higiene, son relacionados continuamente como factores de riesgo de la enfermedad periodontal. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar en un colectivo de personas mayores de 55 años, el estado periodontal y la influencia de algunos factores asociados. En una muestra (n=209) de sujetos mayores de 55 años que asistieron a la clínica de adultos de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, se realiza una encuesta y un examen clínico, pre...

  1. 2 obras de Fisac en Madrid: Edificio «Vega» para oficinas y vivienda unifamiliar en Somosaguas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisac, M.

    1967-11-01

    Full Text Available 2 Buildings by M. Fisac «Vega» office building in Madrid This aesthetically thought out building is eminently urban, with natural gardens and no enclosing fences or artificial obstacles separating the site from the street. The «Vega» building comprises a central block, with the vertical communications, including stairs and three lifts, and and three wings that correspond to the triangular shape of the site. The basic constructional mediiun, which has been very wisely used, both for the paraments and flooring, is untreated reinforced concrete. Single family dwelling at Somosaguas, Madrid The various zones of the building have been planned mainly in relation to their orientation, so that the living zone faces to the South, and the bedrooms are on the East. Also, the separate parts of the building are situated at various levels, to have as much sunshine as possible, and achieve optimum adaptation to the site profile. The garden is also planned on multiple levels in accord with the ground topography. In this building, too, untreated concrete has been adopted almost exclusively, together with precast units and granite stone.Edificio «Vega» para oficinas, en Madrid Estéticamente concebido con un carácter eminentemente urbano, con ajardinamientos libres, sin vallas ni obstáculos a las calles colindantes, dicho edificio «Vega» está compuesto: — por un nudo central, en el que están situados los enlaces verticales: una escalera y tres ascensores; — y tres ramas que corresponden a los tres vértices del triángulo del solar. El material fundamental y sabiamente empleado en estructura y forjados, es el hormigón armado visto. Vivienda unifamiliar en Somosaguas, Madrid La composición de las distintas ZONAS del edificio se ha hecho atendiendo, principalmente, a las características de vistas y orientación, quedando, a mediodía, la zona de estar, y a saliente, la de dormitorios. Asimismo, las diversas partes del edificio aparecen

  2. La enseñanza-aprendizaje del lenguaje musical de los conservatorios de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    El Lenguaje Musical, entendido como concepto de estudio, constituye el medio por el cual se establece una comunicación musical, siendo la base en la que se asientan el resto de materias de conocimientos musicales. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo el conocer cuáles han sido las estrategias metodológicas aplicadas a la enseñanza-aprendizaje del lenguaje musical por los docentes en los Conservatorios Profesionales en la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid desde una perspectiva historicista, aten...

  3. Procesos de acomodación lingüística de la inmigración latinoamericana en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    En este estudio se ha analizado la posición del colectivo de emigrantes latinoamericanos residentes en Madrid ante un cambio lingüístico universal que afecta al sistema de cortesía. Se han examinado las actitudes lingüísticas de los latinoamericanos ante la cortesía de los madrileños y se han contrastado sus actitudes con su comportamiento lingüístico ante el desplazamiento del eje del poder y su progresiva sustitución por el de la solidaridad. Los resultados ilustran el ...

  4. Paul E. Kahle and Federico Pérez Castro: The Origins of the Madrid School of Biblical Text Criticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Tejero, Emilia

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available We have frequently been asked about the origins of the Madrid School of Biblical Text Criticism. We have limited the content of this paper to Masoretic studies. Research into the files of the former Instituto Arias Montano of the CSIC disclosed a series of unedited letters between Professors Kahle and Pérez Castro; a paper by F. Pérez Castro and F. Cantera Burgos on “Prof. Paul E. Kahle y los estudios de crítica textual bíblica en España,” and a description by F. Pérez Castro of the first project to edit the Cairo Codex of the Prophets. Through these materials we can trace the main steps of the relationship between these two relevant scholars and the role that such a relationship played in the origin and late development of these studies in Madrid.

    A menudo se nos ha preguntado por los orígenes de la escuela de crítica textual bíblica de Madrid. Hemos limitado el contenido de este artículo a los estudios masoréticos. Investigando en los archivos del antiguo Instituto Arias Montano del CSIC hemos encontrado una colección de cartas inéditas entre los Profesores Kahle y Pérez Castro; un artículo escrito por F. Pérez Castro y F. Cantera Burgos titulado «Prof. Paul E. Kahle y los estudios de crítica textual bíblica en España», y la descripción hecha por Pérez Castro del primer proyecto para editar el Códice de Profetas de El Cairo. Gracias a estos testimonios hemos podido documentar las principales fases de la relación entre estos dos eminentes profesores y el papel que tal relación desempeñó en el origen y posterior desarrollo de estos estudios en Madrid.

  5. Hilvanando la diáspora caribeña en Madrid: La labor de YoSoyElOtro

    OpenAIRE

    Melody FONSECA

    2014-01-01

    En esta ocasión entrevistamos para la Ventana Social a Dagmary Olívar Graterol y Jesús Del Valle Vélez de la Asociación Cultural YoSoyElOtro. Esta asociación fue fundada en Madrid en el año 2006 y desde entonces lleva a cabo proyectos de gestión cultural y congresos académicos con el propósito de acercar las dos orillas del Atlántico a través de ese espacio histórico y geográfico común: el Caribe.

  6. La Reforma de la Salud Mental en Madrid (2): Plan de Reforma del Hospital Psiquiátrico Provincial.

    OpenAIRE

    1983-01-01

    El Instituto de la Salud Mental de Madrid, entre sus objetivos asistenciales para los años 82-87 tiene el desarrollo de los programas de integración de los cuidados de la Salud Mental en la Atención Primaria de la Salud de la población. En la actualidad este programa incide especialmente en la formación en Salud Mental de los equipos de Atención Primaria, potenciación, subvención, apoyo y coordinación de los recursos de Atención Primaria dependientes de los centros de salud municipales y de l...

  7. Recuperación del tramo urbano del río Manzanares, Madrid (España)

    OpenAIRE

    1986-01-01

    In this article there are reported some aspects of the works for a betterment of the conditions of the urban stretch of River Manzanares within the full sanitation plan of Madrid. To reach the recovery of the river, it has been necessary a number of works of infrastructure (purifying plant, drainpipes), studies of the river bed and of the Quality of the water, control of wastes, etc. so as a number of actions aimed to restock the river with fishes and ducks which is now a fact.Se expone...

  8. La autoconstrucción de Madrid durante el franquismo: el Pozo del Tío Raimundo

    OpenAIRE

    Burbano Trimiño, Francisco Andrés

    2015-01-01

    A mediados de la década de 1950, en la periferia de Madrid se podía contemplar un paisaje teñido de cuevas, barracas, chabolas, y todo tipo de construcciones precarias. La compra de parcelas calificadas como no edificables y la autoconstrucción de sus viviendas, se convirtieron en la única alternativa con la cual procurase un techo para miles de familias, afectando principalmente a una inmigración rural que nunca había dejado de llegar a la capital. En este Trabajo de Fin de Máster se realiza...

  9. [Gerontosocial work in the context of Russian culture and recommendations of Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danilova, R I; Golubeva, E Iu

    2007-01-01

    The definition of gerontosocial work adopted in the majority of the European countries in the context of the Russian culture and priority trends of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing has been discussed. In the article the interaction and differences between terms being used in social work with the elderly people in Russia have been showed; tasks and peculiarities of gerontosocial work have been defined. Peculiarities of interaction between personnel and elderly patients have been studied; the increasing requirements to the professionalism of gerontosocial workers have been proved.

  10. Actividad mercantil y financiera de los hombres de negocios flamencos en Madrid a mediados del siglo XVII

    OpenAIRE

    Diago Hernando, Máximo

    2001-01-01

    Madrid se convirtió en el transcurso del siglo XVII en uno de los principales centros mercantiles y financieros de la Península Ibérica, en el que se concentraron cada vez mayor número de mercaderes y hombres de negocios, gracias a que la instalación definitiva en esta ciudad de la Corte contribuyó decisivamente a su consolidación como principal centro de consumo y plaza financiera de primer orden, a la que debían concurrir los interesados por hacer negocios con la hacienda regia.

  11. El papel del Real Madrid en los medios de comunicación durante la época franquista

    OpenAIRE

    González Sánchez, Miriam

    2015-01-01

    Se analiza el tratamiento informativo del que el Real Madrid fue objeto durante la dictadura. Debido a sus éxitos, que elevaron al club blanco a los altares del fútbol, se expuso que, con la presión del régimen dictatorial, la prensa de esos años utilizó los triunfos del equipo para inyectar la propaganda política del régimen en la sociedad y mejorar la imagen exterior del país

  12. La cultura skate en las sociedades contemporáneas: una aproximación etnográfica a la ciudad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Díez García

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an approach to the study of skateboarding in the city of Madrid through a multi-sited ethnographic study which combines online and offline research. Based on this methodology, we show an analysis of some of the main characteristics of the skate culture in our society, particularly in the city of Madrid, putting the emphasis on the most intersubjective and cultural aspects of this reality. In recent years skateboarding has experienced a visible increase in Madrid and the analytic frame that we propose for studying its diffusion and escalation, answers to changes in the cultural order of western societies and the skate culture in itself, in dynamic interdependence with the economic sphere, as the order of production and distribution of cultural and sporting services and goods.

  13. Naturaleza y grafía. El corpus documental de las colecciones animales en el Real Gabinete de Madrid, 1752-1790

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantino, María Eugenia

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1776, a strategy to acquire and increase the number of specimens in the collections of the Royal Cabinet of Natural History in Madrid was implemented by its director, Pedro Franco Dávila. The plan that involved correspondents, expeditionaries, savants and amateurs in America and Europe, asked for the sending of consignments of natural products usually associated to a series of indexes and inventories that documented the shipments, and allowed the control of their transit to Madrid. This article explores the documentary corpus generated around the collections of natural history sent to the Royal Cabinet of Natural History of Madrid, and searches for the analysis of its instrumental dimension as indispensable tools for the registration and stabilization of information about the diverse processes, practices and actors implied in nature’s collecting and knowledge production.En 1776, Pedro Franco Dávila, director del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en Madrid, implementó una estrategia de adquisición de ejemplares naturales para ampliar las colecciones monárquicas. En ella involucró a corresponsales, expedicionarios, eruditos y aficionados en América y Europa que debían enviar remesas de producciones naturales asociadas a una serie de índices e inventarios que documentaban los envíos y permitían controlar su tránsito hasta Madrid. Este artículo explora el corpus documental generado alrededor de las colecciones de historia natural enviadas al Real Gabinete de Madrid y busca analizar su dimensión instrumental como herramientas indispensables para registrar y estabilizar la información sobre los diversos procesos, prácticas y actores implicados en el coleccionismo y la producción de conocimientos sobre la naturaleza.

  14. Los valores en el deporte: una experiencia educativa a través del Barça-Madrid Values in sport: a pedagogical experience with the football match Barça-Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Ginesta Portet

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available El deporte ejerce mucha influencia en nuestra sociedad; y, sobre todo, entre los más jóvenes, quienes consumen deporte no sólo en las escuelas, sino también a través de los medios de comunicación. En algunos casos, los valores que los maestros y entrenadores intentan transmitir a sus alumnos o deportistas son diferentes que los valores que transmite el deporte-espectáculo consumido en directo o a través de los medios. En este artículo se relata, a partir del derbi de fútbol Barça-Madrid, una experiencia para intentar desarrollar la capacidad crítica del alumno respecto al deporte. Sport is very influential in our societies; above all, on youngsters. Young consumers are exposed to sport, not only at school, but also through the mass media. Sometimes, the values that teachers and coaches instil in their young pupils, sportsmen and sportswomen, are not the same values which they receive when they watch sport-entertainment events, through mass media or live. In this paper, we analyse an experience, a Barça-Madrid derby, to try to develop the critical capability of students regarding sport.

  15. O Mapa das Cortes e o Tratado de Madrid: a cartografia a serviço da diplomacia The Mapa das Cortes and the Treaty of Madrid: cartography and diplomacy in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Clemente Ferreira

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende salientar a importância do emprego de mapas durante o processo negocial que conduziu à assinatura do Tratado de Madrid em 1750. Procura conhecer o processo de elaboração e as fontes utilizadas na "construção" do Mapa das Cortes, datado de 1749, destacando as viciações que apresenta. Avalia também a importância deste para a consecução do objectivo pretendido com aquelas negociações: o reconhecimento pela Espanha da ocupação territorial alcançada por Portugal no interior da América do Sul em meados do século XVIII.This article intends to discuss the importance of use of maps during the political negotiation that result in the signature of the Treaty of Madrid, between Portugal and Spain, in 1750. Studies the process of "production" of the 1749's Mapa das Cortes, analyzing the sources utilized, and the distortions presented in it. Furthermore, discuss the importance of the map to Spain's recognition of the Portuguese's territorial claims in South America, in the middle of eighteenth century.

  16. War photographers: the photographic coverage of the Spanish Civil War in Madrid (1936-1939 Fotógrafos de guerra: la cobertura fotográfica de la Guerra Civil Española en Madrid (1936-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz de las Heras

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The target of this communication consists in analyzing the role developed by press photographers, both national and international, who worked in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. In this way, we will reflect on their working conditions, the limitations in their activities and the control exerted by the authorities in charge. We will also approach a highly interesting point to those who study the image as a knowledge source of the past: the different ways press photographers had to “look into” depending on the channel in which their work is distributed. El objetivo de esta comunicación es aproximarnos al papel desarrollado por los fotógrafos, nacionales e internacionales, que trabajaron en la ciudad de Madrid durante la Guerra Civil Española. De este modo reflexionaremos acerca de sus condiciones de trabajo, las limitaciones en su actividad y el control ejercido por las autoridades responsables, y abordaremos una cuestión altamente interesante para aquellos que estudiamos la imagen como fuente de conocimiento del pasado: las distintas maneras de “mirar” que tienen los fotógrafos dependiendo del canal por el que se distribuye su trabajo.

  17. BROTE DE LEGIONELOSIS EN UN RESTAURANTE DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Abad Sanz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: el 27 de Junio de 2012 se detectó en el Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 8 de la Comunidad de Madrid un brote de legio- nelosis con 46 personas afectadas. Todas habían estado en el mismo restaurante del municipio de Móstoles dentro del periodo de incubación de la enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la evolución del brote y las medidas sanitarias adoptadas durante el mismo. Métodos: se trata de un estudio descriptivo. Se estudiaron las variables demográficas de los enfermos , antecedentes patológicos, síntomas, evolución clínica y pruebas diagnósticas. Para las variables cualitativas se calcularon frecuencias y porcentajes. Para las variables cuantitativas la media, el valor mínimo y máximo. En las muestras de agua tomadas en las instalaciones de riesgo se estudió concentración de cloro, pH, temperatura y presencia de Legionella. Resultados: en el cultivo del agua del filtro de arena de la depuradora de la fuente exterior creció Legionella pneumophila Serogrupo 1, Sub-grupo Pontiac Allentown/France. Este resultado coincidió con la cepa aislada en las muestras respiratorias de 4 pacientes. Por otro lado, en las muestras de biopelícula obtenidas en la champanera se detectó por PCR la presencia de Legionella pneumophila cuya secuenciación de genes fue idéntica a la encontrada en la muestra respiratoria de un paciente. Conclusiones: se consiguió aislar Legionella pneumophila serogrupo 1 Subgrupo Pontiac Allentown/France serotipo 448 en muestras ambientales, coincidente con la Legionella aislada en muestras respiratorias de algunos pacientes, por lo que se pudo demostrar la vinculación entre el factor de riesgo ambiental y la enfermedad. Este vínculo se confirmó además por secuenciación genética realizada por PCR.

  18. Multifractal characteristics of NDVI maps in space and time in the Community of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotoca, Juan J. Martin; Saa-Requejo, Antonio; Grau, Juan B.; Tarquis, Ana M.

    2015-04-01

    Satellite information has contributed to improve our understanding of the spatial variability of hydro-climatic and ecological processes. Vegetation activity is tightly coupled with climate, hydro-ecological fluxes, and terrain dynamics in river basins at a wide range of space-time scales (Scheuring and Riedi, 1994). Indices of vegetation activity are constructed using satellite information of reflectance of the relevant spectral bands which enhance the contribution of vegetation being Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) widely used. How can we study such a complex system? Multifractals and fractals are related techniques mainly used in physics to characterize the scaling behaviour of a system; they differ in that fractals look at the geometry of presence/absence patterns, while multifractals look at the arrangement of quantities such as population or biomass densities (Saravia et al., 2012). Scaling laws are an emergent general feature of ecological systems; they reflect constraints in their organization that can provide tracks about the underlying mechanisms (Solé and Bascompte, 2006). In this work, we have applied these techniques to study the spatial pattern through one year of NDVI maps. A rectangular area that includes the Community of Madrid and part of the surroundings, consisting of 300 x 280 pixels with a resolution of 500 x 500 m2 has been selected and monthly NDVI maps analyzed using the multifractal spectrum and the map of singularities (Cheng and Agterberg, 1996). The results show a cyclical pattern in the multifractal behaviour and singularity points related to river basin networks (Martín-Sotoca, 2014). References Cheng, Q. and Agterberg, F.P. (1996). Multifractal modeling and spatial statistics. Math. Geol. Vol 28, 1-16. Martín-Sotoca, J.J. (2014) Estructura Espacial de la Sequía en Pastos y sus Aplicaciones en el Seguro Agrario. Master Thesis, UPM (In Spanish). Saravia LA, Giorgi A, Momo F.: Multifractal growth in periphyton

  19. El Jardín Botánico de Madrid y sus relaciones con Francia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peset, José Luis

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available The Botanical Garden from Madrid was created in 1755 with the purpose of studying and cultivate the medicinal plants. Its ulterior evolution is characterized for its relationship with the Garden of Plants of Paris, circumstance that retarded the application of the Linnean system in favor of the model of Tournefort. With the transfer of the Garden, in 1774, to its actual location of the Paseo del Prado, the French bond increases. The first professor, Casimiro Gómez Ortega, travels to Paris where he contacts with André Thouin, Duhamel de Monceau, and Buffon, whose botanical guidelines try to introduce at his return. But it will be at the posterior management of Claudio Boutelou, during the reign of José I, when the French presence in the Garden obtains its paramount influence. Influence and collaboration between the two institutions that continues today.

    El madrileño Jardín Botánico fue creado en 1755 con el fin de estudiar y cultivar las plantas medicinales. Su ulterior evolución se caracteriza por su relación con el parisino Jardín de Plantas, circunstancia que retrasó la aplicación del sistema linneano en favor del modelo de Tournefort. Con el traslado en 1774 del Jardín a su actual emplazamiento del Paseo del Prado, el vínculo francés aumenta. El primer catedrático Casimiro Gómez Ortega viaja a París donde contacta con André Thouin, Duhamel de Monceau y Buffon, cuyas directrices botánicas trata de implantar a su regreso. Pero será con la posterior dirección de Claudio Boutelou, durante el reinado de José I, cuando la presencia francesa en el Jardín alcanza su máxima cuota. Influencia y colaboración entre las dos instituciones que llegará hasta hoy.

  20. Brote de criptosporidiosis en Guadarrama (Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Salinas Pérez Enrique

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: En la primavera de 1998 hubo un brote de gastroenteritis aguda en Guadarrama (Comunidad de Madrid, España que afectó sobre todo a niños en edad preescolar. Métodos: Se hizo un estudio descriptivo y analítico (casos y controles del brote. Se tomaron muestras para estudio microbiológico de las heces de los afectados. Se inspeccionó el sistema de captación de agua de consumo de propiedad municipal y se tomaron muestras para análisis microbiológico. Resultados: Veintiún niños/as de 0 a 5 años presentaron diarrea líquida de más de 5 días de duración. Se encontró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el consumo de agua del grifo y la gastroenteritis [OR=5,73 (1,18-43,30; p<0,05]. No se halló asociación con otras variables investigadas. Se detectaron ooquistes de Cryptosporidium parvum en heces de ocho de las personas afectadas. Se observaron deficiencias en el sistema de captación y depuración de agua de consumo público de propiedad municipal pero no se encontraron ooquistes en los análisis del agua. Conclusiones: Los resultados de la investigación epidemiológica sustentan que el origen del brote de gastroenteritis por Cryptosporidium parvum fue el agua del grifo. Aunque no se detectó este parásito en los análisis de agua, esto es explicable por las dificultades que entraña esta técnica. En la revisión bibliográfica, no se han hallado descripciones de brotes epidémicos similares en nuestro país, pero según algunos informes, no son infrecuentes en países de nuestro entorno. Por tanto, Cryptosporidium parvum debería ser tenido en cuenta en el diagnóstico y manejo de estas situaciones.

  1. Imported malaria in an area in southern Madrid, 2005-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubio José M

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Spain, malaria cases are mostly due to migrants and travellers returning from endemic areas. The objective of this work was to describe the malaria cases diagnosed at the Severo Ochoa University Hospital (HUSO in Leganés in the south of the Madrid Region from 2005 to 2008. Methods Descriptive retrospective study performed at HUSO. Data sources are registries from the Microbiology Department and malaria cases notified to the Preventive Medicine Department. Analysed parameters were: administrative, demographical, related to the stay at the endemic country, clinical, microbiological diagnosis method, pregnancy, treatment and prophylaxis, co-infections, and days of hospital stay. Results Fifty-seven patients diagnosed with malaria were studied. Case distribution per year was 13 in 2005, 15 in 2006, 15 in 2007 and 14 in 2008. Thirty-three patients were female (57.9% and 24 male (42.1%. Mean age was 27.8 years. Most of the malaria cases were acquired in Nigeria (49.1% and Equatorial Guinea (32.7%. 29.1% of the patients were immigrants who had arrived recently, and 61.8% acquired malaria when travelling to their countries of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFR. Majority of cases were diagnosed between June and September. Microscopy was positive in 39 cases (68.4% immunochromatography in 42 (73.7% and PCR in the 55 cases where performed. Plasmodium falciparum was responsible for 94.7% of the cases. The more frequent symptoms were fever (77.2%, followed by headache and gastrointestinal symptoms (33.3%. Nine cases needed hospital admittance, a pregnant woman, three children, four VFR and an African tourist, but all evolved favourably. Chemoprophylaxis data was known from 55 patients. It was taken correctly in one case (1.8%, in five (9.1% the prophylaxis was improper while the others 49 (89.1% cases had not followed any anti-malarial prophylaxis. Conclusions Children, pregnant women and the VFR have the highest risk to

  2. Seroepidemiología frente a citomegalovirus en la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ory Manchón Fernando de

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La infección por citomegalovirus (CMV es frecuentemente asintomática. Sin embargo, constituye una importante causa de infección congénita y de patología severa en sujetos inmunodeprimidos, por lo que representa un problema en Salud Pública. El objeto de este trabajo fue conocer la prevalencia de IgG frente a CMV (IgG-CMV en la población general madrileña. Métodos: Estudio transversal en el que se detectó IgG-CMV en una muestra representativa de la población general de la Comunidad de Madrid de entre 2 y 60 años (n=2030. Se realizó un muestro bietápico estratificado por conglomerados (octubre de 1993 y febrero de 1994. Para el análisis estadístico se emplearon los test de *2 y *2 de tendencia lineal y se calcularon los porcentajes de seroprevalencia y los odds ratios con intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La seroprevalencia global fue del 62,8% (IC95%: 60,6-64,9; 66,7% (IC95%: 63,7-69,5 en mujeres y del 58,4% (IC95%: 55,2-61,5 en hombres. Se observó una asociación significativa entre el aumento de la edad y el incremento de la seroprevalencia. Fueron factores significativos de riesgo la consulta al dentista, antecedentes de cirugía, acupuntura y tatuajes. Los estudios superiores constituyeron un factor protector. Conclusión: Aunque los factores de riesgo detectados indican una posible transmisión vía sanguínea, la elevada prevalencia apunta a la existencia de otras vías mas comunes. El aumento de la seroprevalencia dependiente de la edad sugiere que se produce un número importante de infecciones en la edad adulta. No se puede excluir, sin embargo, que este aumento responda a un efecto cohorte debido a mejoras socioeconómicas similar al detectado para otros virus.

  3. SEROEPIDEMIOLOGÍA FRENTE A CITOMEGALOVIRUS EN LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Ory Manchón

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La infección por citomegalovirus (CMV es frecuentemente asintomática. Sin embargo, constituye una importante causa de infección congénita y de patología severa en sujetos inmunodeprimidos, por lo que representa un problema en Salud Pública. El objeto de este trabajo fue conocer la prevalencia de IgG frente a CMV (IgG-CMV en la población general madrileña. Métodos: Estudio transversal en el que se detectó IgG-CMV en una muestra representativa de la población general de la Comunidad de Madrid entre 2 y 60 años (n=2030. Se realizó un muestro bietápico estratificado por conglomerados (octubre de 1993 y febrero de 1994. Para el análisis estadístico se emplearon los test de 2 y 2 de tendencia lineal y se calcularon los porcentajes de seroprevalencia y los odds ratios con intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados: La seroprevalencia global fue del 62,8% (IC95%: 60,6-64,9; 66,7% (IC95%: 63,7-69,5 en mujeres y del 58,4% (IC95%: 55,2-61,5 en hombres. Se observó una asociación significativa entre el aumento de la edad y el incremento de la seroprevalencia. Fueron factores significativos de riesgo la consulta al dentista, antecedentes de cirugía, acupuntura y tatuajes. Los estudios superiores constituyeron un factor protector. Conclusión: Aunque los factores de riesgo detectados indican una posible transmisión vía sanguínea, la elevada prevalencia apunta a la existencia de otras vías mas comunes. El aumento de la seroprevalencia dependiente de la edad sugiere que se produce un número importante de infecciones en la edad adulta. No se puede excluir, sin embargo, que este aumento responda a un efecto cohorte debido a mejoras socioeconómicas similar al detectado para otros virus.

  4. The QBito CubeSat: Applications in Space Engineering Education at Technical University of Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez Fraile, Jose Javier; Laverón-Simavilla, Ana; Calvo, Daniel; Moreno Benavides, Efren

    The QBito CubeSat is one of the 50 CubeSats that is being developed for the QB50 project. The project is funded by the 7 (th) Frame Program to launch 50 CubeSats in a ‘string-of-pearls’ configuration for multi-point, in-situ measurements in the lower thermosphere and re-entry research. The 50 CubeSats, developed by an international network of universities and research institutions, will comprise 40 double CubeSats with atmospheric sensors and 10 double or triple CubeSats for science and technology demonstration. It will be the first large-scale CubeSat constellation in orbit; a concept that has been under discussion for several years but not implemented up to now. This project has a high educational interest for universities; beyond the scientific and technological results, being part of an international group of over 90 universities all over the world working and sharing knowledge to achieve a successful mission represents an exciting opportunity. The QBito project main educational motivation is to educate students in space technologies and in space systems engineering. The Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) is designing, developing, building and testing one of the double CubeSats carrying as payload a kit of atmospheric sensors from the consortium, and other payloads developed by the team such as an IR non-refrigerated sensor, a Phase Change Material (PCM) for thermal control applications, a Fuzzy Logic Attitude Control System and other technological developments such as an optimized antenna deployment mechanism, a lightweight multi-mission configurable structure, and an efficient Electric Power System (EPS) with a Maximum Peak Power Tracker (MPPT). This project has been integrated in the training of the Aerospatiale Engineering, Master and PhD degree students by involving them in the complete engineering process, from its conceptual design to the post-flight conclusions. Three subsystems have been selected for being developed from the conceptual design

  5. NDVI statistical distribution of pasture areas at different times in the Community of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Sotoca, Juan J.; Saa-Requejo, Antonio; Díaz-Ambrona, Carlos G. H.; Tarquis, Ana M.

    2015-04-01

    The severity of drought has many implications for society, including its impacts on the water supply, water pollution, reservoir management and ecosystem. However, its impacts on rain-fed agriculture are especially direct. Because of the importance of drought, there have been many attempts to characterize its severity, resulting in the numerous drought indices that have been developed (Niemeyer 2008). 'Biomass index' based on satellite image derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) has been used in countries like United States of America, Canada and Spain for pasture and forage crops for some years (Rao, 2010). This type of agricultural insurance is named as 'index-based insurance' (IBI). IBI is perceived to be substantially less costly to operate and manage than multiple peril insurance. IBI contracts pay indemnities based not on the actual yield (or revenue) losses experienced by the insurance purchaser but rather based on realized NDVI values (historical data) that is correlated with farm-level losses (Xiaohui Deng et al., 2008). Definition of when drought event occurs is defined on NDVI threshold values mainly based in statistical parameters, average and standard deviation that characterize a normal distribution. In this work a pasture area at the north of Community of Madrid (Spain) has been delimited. Then, NDVI historical data was reconstructed based on remote sensing imaging MODIS, with 500x500m2 resolution. A statistical analysis of the NDVI histograms at consecutives 46 intervals of that area was applied to search for the best statistical distribution based on the maximum likelihood criteria. The results show that the normal distribution is not the optimal representation when IBI is available; the implications in the context of crop insurance are discussed (Martín-Sotoca, 2014). References Kolli N Rao. 2010. Index based Crop Insurance. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia 1, 193-203. Martín-Sotoca, J.J. (2014) Estructura Espacial

  6. ShakeMap/Hazus Scenario Projects and Support for the New Madrid 2011 National Level Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bausch, D.

    2011-12-01

    The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have coordinated on the development of new products that support an extensive library of ShakeMap scenarios, largely based on the USGS National Hazard Map sources of earthquakes that are supporting Hazards U.S. (HAZUS) loss estimations. These scenarios are used to support a broad range of emergency management activities, including mitigation, recovery and preparedness planning, as well as exercises for response. We have successfully documented where these scenarios have led to risk reduction actions. To date these have been implemented as pilot studies under the National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP) in Washington, Utah, Nevada and more recently in New England. As a result of these ShakeMap/HAZUS demonstration projects, we developed a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for producing standardized loss mapping templates. These maps and associated tables help translate earthquake loss information to support a broad range of emergency management activities. The SOP includes step by step instructions with standardized map templates, symbology and terminology, which was initiated in support of the New Madrid 2011 National Level Exercise. We developed enhancements to the integration of ShakeMap and Hazus based on the NLE scenarios that can be implemented for other scenarios, as well as real earthquake events. The NLE was especially challenging as 8 States were impacted. A new utility developed internally by FEMA (EQExport) greatly expedited the data flow by automatically exporting the SQL based results into compressed geodatabases, as well as implementing custom map templates, reports and Google Earth KML files. This free open source utility provides the basis for automating map and results production from the Hazus earthquake model. Another development for NLE was to display results data into FlexViewers both inside and outside of FEMA. We benefited from a new real

  7. Joyas orientalizantes extremeñas del Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. BLÁZQUEZ

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available El Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid entre sus magníficas colecciones exhibe una compuesta de varias joyas antiguas de oro que tienen cierta uniformidad cronológica, pues se datan en el período orientalizante de la Península y obedecen al mismo prototipo que nos proponemos estudiar, ya que hasta el momento presente no han sido motivo de particular análisis. Los estudios de orfebrería hispana, en los últimos años, han recibido un notable impulso gracias a los excelentes y numerosos trabajos que Blanco ha dedicado al tema, que permiten dar una visión de la orfebrería totalmente nueva y que orientan todos los estudios de estos temas que en lo futuro se realicen. Uno de los descubrimientos más sensacionales y transcendentales para la Arqueología hispana en los últimos veinte años lo ha efectuado Blanco al caer en la cuenta, con motivo de estudiar el vaso de bronce de Valdegamas y los otros vasos piriformes de procedencia hispana, que estas piezas, al igual que un numeroso lote de joyas examinadas por él con la profundidad y pericia que son habituales en sus publicaciones, están fabricadas en la Península y en segundo lugar al descubrir la existencia de un período orientalizante aquí, gemelo y coetáneo del de Grecia y Eturia. De gran transcendencia ha sido también, lo que completa los descubrimientos de Blanco, el que Maluquer cayese en la cuenta que este período orientalizante se vincula con Tartesos, tesis muy sugestiva que ha sido aceptada plenamente por buenos conocedores de todo este mundo y de su complicada problemática, como A. García y Bellido, que en los últimos años viene publicando numerosos y fundamentales trabajos sobre el material arqueológico que hoy se vincula con Tartesos, cuya importancia fue genialmente barruntada por Schulten, y por A. García y Bellido. Desde hace una decena de años ya no se puede sostener lo que antes escribió un excelente conocedor de la España Antigua como Pericot: "Por

  8. Market penetration analysis of the use of hydrogen in the road transport sector of the Madrid region, using MARKAL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Contreras, A.; Guervos, E. [Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia (UNED), Juan del Rosal 12, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Posso, F. [Science Department, ULA - Tachira, San Cristobal 5001 (Venezuela)

    2009-01-15

    Nobody can doubt today that hydrogen will, in the not-too-distant future, represent a very significant percentage of the total energy used by the transport sector. This study therefore consists of the modelling and simulation of energy consumption, by type of vehicle and fuel or energetic vector, in the road transport sector of the Madrid Region, during the period 2010-2050, using the MARKAL model. It has been necessary to complete this model by adding numerous specifications in order to determine the features of the Madrid Region, the richest Region in Spain. For the purpose of the study, three growth scenarios, based on short-term energy forecasts made by different official organizations, have been proposed for the energy consumption of the road transport sector in the Region. The results show a profound change in the current situation as there is a significant decrease in the consumption of fossil fuels and an increase in that of alternative non-fossil fuels and hydrogen. The latter, in particular, will rise from 0.1% in the year 2010, to around 50% in the year 2050, which will mean a drastic drop in the sector's CO{sub 2} and atmospheric pollutant emissions. (author)

  9. Health Care Austerity Measures in Times of Crisis: The Perspectives of Primary Health Care Physicians in Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heras-Mosteiro, Julio; Sanz-Barbero, Belén; Otero-Garcia, Laura

    2016-01-01

    The current financial crisis has seen severe austerity measures imposed on the Spanish health care system, including reduced public spending, copayments, salary reductions, and reduced services for undocumented migrants. However, the impacts have not been well-documented. We present findings from a qualitative study that explores the perceptions of primary health care physicians in Madrid, Spain. This article discusses the effects of austerity measures implemented in the public health care system and their potential impacts on access and utilization of primary health care services. This is the first study, to our knowledge, exploring the health care experiences during the financial crisis of general practitioners in Madrid, Spain. The majority of participating physicians disapproved of austerity measures implemented in Spain. The findings of this study suggest that undocumented migrants should regain access to health care services; copayments should be minimized and removed for patients with low incomes; and health care professionals should receive additional help to avoid burnout. Failure to implement these measures could result in the quality of health care further deteriorating and could potentially have long-term negative consequences on population health.

  10. Seroprevalence of measles and rubella virus antibodies in the population of the Community of Madrid, 2008-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Comas, Luis; Sanz Moreno, J C; Ordobás Gavín, M; Barranco Ordóñez, D; García Gutiérrez, J; Ramos Blázquez, B; Rodero Garduño, I

    2015-01-01

    The seroprevalence (SP) of measles and rubella virus antibodies is presented by age groups obtained in the IV Serosurvey of the Region of Madrid (2008-2009). The target population is composed of residents with ages ranging between 2 and 60 years in the Region of Madrid. A two-stage cluster sample is used. The SP of measles virus antibodies is 97.8% (CI 95%: 97.3-98.2). The highest SP is observed in the 2-5 year and 41-60 year age groups. The point estimate does not reach 95% in the 16-20 and 21-30 year age groups. The SP of rubella virus antibodies is 97.2% (CI 95%: 96.5-97.7). The SP is over 95% in all of the age groups. In immigrant women between the ages of 16 and 49, the SP is 95.9% (CI 95%: 93.7-97.4). The identification of groups susceptible to the measles virus in young adults could lead to outbreaks as a result of importing the virus. The circulation of the rubella virus is possible among immigrant women aged between 16 and 49 years, which could lead to the appearance of SRC cases. Epidemiological surveillance will allow the impact on the measles and rubella elimination plan to be determined in the future.

  11. Testing sky brightness models against radial dependency: a dense two dimensional survey around the city of Madrid, Spain

    CERN Document Server

    Zamorano, Jaime; Ocaña, Francisco; Pila-Diez, Berenice; Castaño, José Gómez; Pascual, Sergio; Tapia, Carlos; Gallego, Jesús; Fernandez, Alberto; Nievas, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    We present a study of the night sky brightness around the extended metropolitan area of Madrid using Sky Quality Meter (SQM) photometers. The map is the first to cover the spatial distribution of the sky brightness in the center of the Iberian peninsula. These surveys are neccessary to test the light pollution models that predict night sky brightness as a function of the location and brightness of the sources of light pollution and the scattering of light in the atmosphere. We describe the data-retrieval methodology, which includes an automated procedure to measure from a moving vehicle in order to speed up the data collection, providing a denser and wider survey than previous works with similar time frames. We compare the night sky brightness map to the nocturnal radiance measured from space by the DMSP satellite. We find that i) a single source model is not enough to explain the radial evolution of the night sky brightness, despite the predominance of Madrid in size and population, and ii) that the orograph...

  12. Testing sky brightness models against radial dependency: A dense two dimensional survey around the city of Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.; Ocaña, F.; Pila-Díez, B.; Gómez Castaño, J.; Pascual, S.; Tapia, C.; Gallego, J.; Fernández, A.; Nievas, M.

    2016-09-01

    We present a study of the night sky brightness around the extended metropolitan area of Madrid using Sky Quality Meter (SQM) photometers. The map is the first to cover the spatial distribution of the sky brightness in the centre of the Iberian peninsula. These surveys are necessary to test the light pollution models that predict night sky brightness as a function of the location and brightness of the sources of light pollution and the scattering of light in the atmosphere. We describe the data-retrieval methodology, which includes an automated procedure to measure from a moving vehicle in order to speed up the data collection, providing a denser and wider survey than previous works with similar time frames. We compare the night sky brightness map to the nocturnal radiance measured from space by the DMSP satellite. We find that (i) a single source model is not enough to explain the radial evolution of the night sky brightness, despite the predominance of Madrid in size and population and (ii) that the orography of the region should be taken into account when deriving geo-specific models from general first-principles models. We show the tight relationship between these two luminance measures. This finding sets up an alternative roadmap to extended studies over the globe that will not require the local deployment of photometers or trained personnel.

  13. Felípica, capital de la monarquia (propuestas de Pérez de Herrera para Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores González de la Fuente

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En una época de crisis donde se tambalea la hegemonía de la monarquía hispánica, Chstóbal Pérez de Herrera propone un ambicioso proyecto encaminado a sanear la soüedad cuya imagen visible será su capital, un nuevo Madrid renovado hasta en su denominación, Felípica, la corte de los Austrias españoles, en la que arquitectura y urbanismo puestos al servicio del poder político crearán el marco ideal donde se desarrolle la vida cortesana.In a period of cnsis in which the hegemony of the monarchy is in danger. Cristóbal Pérez de Herrera suggests an ambitions project designed to insure a society whose visible image will be its capital: a new and reorganized Madrid, renewed even In its ñame «Felípica», it will be the court of the Spanish Austrias, where architecture and urban development are at the disposal of the political authorities to créate the ideal framework where the Ufe of the Court will develop.

  14. El Ateneo de Madrid y el problema colonial en las vísperas de la guerra de independencia cubana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Mora, Luis Miguel

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available Spain’s colonial problem on the eve of the Cuban War of Independence was a deeply debated subject at the time in the Athenaeum of Madrid, like in Parliament. The author's argument is that, rather than sponsoring a scientific debate on the matter, the Athenaeum wanted to influence Spain’s public opinion and political élite of its own ideas on colonial reform.

    El problema colonial fue un tema debatido en profundidad en el Ateneo de Madrid en los momentos previos a la definitiva Guerra de Independencia Cubana (1895-1898. La idea que se defiende es que más que tener lugar un debate científico sobre el problema colonial contemporáneo, se trataba de aprovechar la plataforma ateneísta para concienciar a la opinión pública y la élite política española de la necesidad de una reforma colonial que por las mismas fechas se discutía en el Parlamento.

  15. Transformaciones económicas y reorganización territorial en la región metropolitana de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Méndez

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available El cambio estructural que condiciona las estrategias competitivas de los diversos actores existentes en las grandes aglomeraciones urbanas ha provocado importantes y contradictorios efectos sobre la base económica, la especialización funcional, el mercado de trabajo y la organización de su territorio, con una rápida expansión superficial y nuevos contrastes internos. El artículo comienza con una revisión teórica sobre las transformaciones económicas y espaciales que afectan a los espacios metropolitanos, para ofrecer luego un análisis de la evolución reciente en Madrid, los cambios en la localización de las diferentes actividades y las nuevas formas de desigualdadThe structural change that conditions the competitive strategies of the different actors playing in the urban agglomerations have produced important but contradictory effects on the economic base, functional specialization, job market and territorial organization, with a quick expansion of limits and new internal contrasts. This paper shows a theoretical review on economic and spatial changes in metropolitan spaces and a general analysis of the recent evolution in Madrid, the location of different activities and the new ways of spatial unequality

  16. Recognizing and dating prehistoric liquefaction features: Lessons learned in the New Madrid seismic zone, central United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttle, M.P.; Schweig, E.S.

    1996-01-01

    The New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ), which experienced severe liquefaction during the great New Madrid, Missouri, earthquakes of 1811 and 1812 as well as during several prehistoric earthquakes, is a superb laboratory for the study of world-class, arthquake-induced liquefaction features and their use in paleoseismology. In seismically active regions like the NMSZ, frequent large earthquakes can produce a complex record of liquefaction events that is difficult to interpret. Lessons learned studying liquefaction features in the NMSZ may help to unravel the paleoseismic record in other seismically active regions. Soil characteristics of liquefaction features, as well as their structural and sratigraphic relations to Native American occupation horizons and other cultural features, an help to distinguish prehistoric liquefaction features from historic features. In addition, analyses of artifact assemblages and botanical content of cultural horizons can help to narrow the age ranges of liquefaction features. Future research should focus on methods for defining source areas and estimating magnitudes of prehistoric earthquakes from liquefaction features. Also, new methods for dating liquefaction features are needed.

  17. Non-destructive analyses on a meteorite fragment that fell in the Madrid city centre in 1896.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Guinea, Javier; Tormo, Laura; Rubio Ordoñez, Alvaro; Garcia-Moreno, Olga

    2013-09-30

    The historical Madrid meteorite chondrite fell in 1896 showing thin melt veins with a 65% of brecciated forsterite fragments surrounded by a fine grained matrix formed by troilite, chromite and Fe-Ni blebs. It exhibits a delicate iron infill, neo-formation of troilite in pockets and shock veins and neo-formation of Na-feldspar formed at high temperature and fast quenching. The semi-quantitative mineral determinations were performed with IMAGEJ freeware and chemical mappings resulting in the following approximated compositions: olivine (~55%); augite (~10%); enstatite (~10%); plagioclase (~10%); chromite (~2%); troilite (~4%), kamacite-taenite α-γ-(Fe, Ni) (~7%) and merrillite (~7%). The specimen was also studied by computer tomography, micro-Raman spectroscopy and spectral cathodoluminescence. X-ray diffraction patterns were also recorded in non-destructive way on a polished surface because of the small size of the specimen. This combination of non-destructive techniques provides an improved knowledge on the Madrid-1896 meteorite compared to the previous study performed on the same specimen carried out twenty years ago by electron probe microanalysis and optical microscopy in destructive way. Limits of these techniques are the specimen's size in the analytical chambers and the threshold resolution of the microscopes analyzing shock veins micro-crystals.

  18. Recuperación del tramo urbano del río Manzanares, Madrid (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article there are reported some aspects of the works for a betterment of the conditions of the urban stretch of River Manzanares within the full sanitation plan of Madrid. To reach the recovery of the river, it has been necessary a number of works of infrastructure (purifying plant, drainpipes, studies of the river bed and of the Quality of the water, control of wastes, etc. so as a number of actions aimed to restock the river with fishes and ducks which is now a fact.Se exponen en este artículo algunos aspectos de las obras de mejora de las condiciones del tramo urbano del río Manzanares, dentro del Plan de Saneamiento Integral de Madrid. Para conseguir el objetivo de la recuperación del río han sido necesarias grandes obras de infraestructura (Estaciones Depuradoras, Colectoras, estudios del cauce del río y de la calidad del agua; control de tos vertidos, etc. así como toda una serie de acciones encaminadas a la repoblación piscícola y avícola, Que actualmente es una realidad

  19. El desaparecido retablo mayor de la iglesia de San Luis Obispo de Madrid, obra del escultor Juan de Villanueva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Menéndez, Bárbara

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on information obtained from several unpublished documents and a photograph kept in the Moreno Archives –until now unnoticed by scholars–, a thorough historical and artistic study of the main altarpiece of the Madrid church of San Luis Obispo (Saint Louis Bishop and its sculptural decoration (destroyed in 1936 is presented in this article. This is one of the most outstanding works by the sculptor Juan de Villanueva, a distinguished representative of eighteenth-century baroque art in Madrid, produced between 1734 and 1740, at the height of his creative career.Con las informaciones obtenidas de numerosas referencias documentales inéditas y de una fotografía conservada en el Archivo Moreno y hasta ahora inadvertida por otros investigadores, se presenta en este artículo un pormenorizado análisis histórico y artístico sobre el retablo mayor de la iglesia madrileña de San Luis Obispo y sus esculturas (destruidos en 1936. Se trata de uno de los conjuntos más significativos de la etapa de plenitud creativa del escultor Juan de Villanueva, destacado representante del barroco dieciochista madrileño, que acometió la obra entre 1734 y 1740.

  20. Edificio para la nueva sede social de la empresa nacional de electricidad, S. A. Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Población, Eleuterio

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the design and execution of ENDESA building, in Madrid, is fully described. It is a compound of a twelve-storeyed and a two-storeyed buildings, separated by a garden. Being placed in a central district, a special adaptation to the bylaws was necessary concerning the volume and use conditions. Among its most remarkable characteristics it could be pointed out the subjection to a modular frame, the adequacy of the spaces for the activities that are to be developped in it and the adopted solutions for its closure.En el presente artículo se describe detalladamente el proyecto y ejecución del edificio ENDESA, en Madrid, compuesto por dos edificios de doce alturas uno, y dos el otro, unido por un espacio ajardinado. En céntrica situación ha exigido una especial adaptación a las Ordenanzas Municipales en cuanto a condiciones de volumen y uso. Entre sus características más notables pueden señalarse IQ sujeción a una red modular, la adecuación del espacio a las actividades que en él se desarrollarán y las soluciones adoptadas para su cerramiento.

  1. Prevalence of Mental Disorders in the Elderly in the Community of Madrid: Results of the Mentdis_ICF65+ Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ausín, Berta; Muñoz, Manuel; Santos-Olmo, Ana Belén; Pérez-Santos, Eloísa; Castellanos, Miguel A

    2017-02-06

    The MentDis_ICF65+ Project is an epidemiological study of mental disorders in people 65 to 85 years old in several European cities, including Madrid. Its aim is to determine the lifetime, 12-month, and 1-month prevalence of the main mental disorders in the elderly. The relationship of age and sex with each mental disorder was examined. The sample was collected through random sampling of people over 65 in Madrid, and consisted of 555 persons between 65 and 85 years old. The CIDI65+ was administered. Estimates of prevalence and odds ratios (OR) were made using sample frequencies and according to sex and age. Excluding nicotine dependence, 40.12% of the sample was found to have suffered a mental disorder at some time in their lives, 29.89% in the past year, and 17.70% were currently suffering from a mental disorder. The disorders with the highest prevalence rates were anxiety disorders, alcohol-related disorders, and mood disorders. Elderly women had a higher risk of suffering an anxiety disorder (OR men/women 0.42; CI 0.25-0.68) with a significance level of p disorder (OR men/women 3.96; CI 1.62-11.07) with a significance level of p disorder's prevalence decreased with age (OR 65-74/75-85, 1.85; CI 1.25-2.75) with a significance level of p mental health services for people over 65, are highlighted.

  2. «Mud-mounds» en sedimentos lacustres someros del Mioceno medio de la cuenca de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo, J. P.

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available Several non-tuffaceous carbonate buildups have been recognized in middle Miocene sediments of the Madrid Basin. Facies associations lead to conclude that carbonate buildups developed in shallow lacustrine areas, Detailed morphology and internal structure of the buildups are shown. A dense, sometimes discontinuous, rhizolith network is displayed in the mud-mound cores whereas surficial dessicated crusts are commonly observed in the outer parto Small wedge-c1astic breccias from eroded flanks of the buildups have been locally distinguished as well. Mud-mound growth took place through successive stages controlled by lake level oscillations.

    Diversos edificios carbonáticos de carácter no tobáceo han sido reconocidos en sucesiones continentales correspondientes al Mioceno medio de la cuenca de Madrid. La asociación de facies en todos los casos observados conduce a caracterizar dichos edificios como propios de ambientes palustres o lacustres muy someros. Se describe en detalle la morfología y estructura interna de estos cuerpos cuyo núcleo aparece constituido por un espeso entramado de raíces con ciertas peculiaridades en sus rellenos. Distintas subfacies: núcleo, discontinuidades internas, corteza externa, brechas locales en los flancos , han sido distinguidas, sirviendo de base para la propuesta de un modelo de desarrollo en estadios sucesivos de los edificios, integrables bajo el término de "mud-mounds" en ambiente continental.

  3. Arquitectura de tierra, piedra y madera en Madrid (ss. V-IX d.C.. Variables materiales, consideraciones sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vigil-Escalera Guirado, Alfonso

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This work reviews the data provided by recent excavations, mostly unpublished, concerning domestic architectural types of early medieval period from the region of Madrid. The use of raw material available in the proximity of the settlement marks major differences between very near territories. Even in this kind of context, characterized by a significant self-sufficiency and the «employ of simplified productive cycles» (AZKARATE, QUIRÓS, 2001: 53, the differential access and use of raw material could provide us an indicator about certain forms of inequality in the community.El trabajo pasa revista a los datos provistos por recientes excavaciones, en su mayoría inéditas, concernientes a tipos de arquitectura doméstica altomedieval documentadas en la región de Madrid. El empleo de materiales de construcción disponibles en el entorno inmediato de los asentamientos marca importantes diferencias entre territorios a veces muy próximos. Pero incluso en contextos como éstos, caracterizados por una significativa autosuficiencia y el «recurso a ciclos productivos simplificados» (AZKARATE, QUIRÓS, 2001: 53, se advierte un acceso y utilización diferencial de materiales que podría constituir un cierto indicador de formas de desigualdad en el seno de las comunidades.

  4. Phylogenetic Analysis of Rubella Virus Strains from an Outbreak in Madrid, Spain, from 2004 to 2005 ▿ †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Torres, A. O.; Mosquera, M. M.; Sanz, J. C.; Ramos, B.; Echevarría, J. E.

    2009-01-01

    An outbreak of rubella affected 460 individuals in 2004 and 2005 in the community of Madrid, Spain. Most of the patients were nonvaccinated Latin American immigrants or Spanish males. This study presents the first data on rubella virus genotypes in Spain. Forty selected clinical samples (2 urine, 5 serum, 3 blood, 2 saliva, and 28 pharyngeal exudate samples) from 40 cases were collected. The 739-nucleotide sequence recommended by the World Health Organization obtained from viral RNA in these samples was analyzed by using the MEGA v4.0 software. Seventeen isolates were obtained from 40 clinical samples from the outbreak, including two isolated from congenital rubella syndrome cases. Only viral RNA of genotype 1j was detected in both isolates and clinical specimens. Two variations in amino acids, G253C and T394S, which are involved in neutralization epitopes arose during the outbreak, but apparently there was no positive selection of either of them. The origin of the outbreak remains unknown because of poor virologic surveillance in Latin America and the African countries neighboring Spain. On the other hand, this is the first report of this genotype in Europe. The few published sequences of genotype 1j indicate that it comes from Japan and the Philippines, but there are no epidemiological data supporting this as the origin of the Madrid outbreak. PMID:19020066

  5. FRACCIONAMIENTO DE CONTAMINANTES ORGÁNICOS PERSISTENTES EN AIRE URBANO DE MADRID: FASE GAS Y FASE PARTICULADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Barbas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se evaluó la presencia de algunos Contaminantes Orgánicos Persistentes (COP en muestras de aire de la ciudad de Madrid (España, discriminando entre la fase gas (FG y la materia particulada en suspensión (MPS. Para ello se utilizaron captadores activos de alto volumen (CAV equipados con espumas de poliuretano y filtros de microfibra de vidrio. Los policlorobifenilos resultaron los contaminantes mayoritarios (104.6 ± 86.6 pg/Nm3, media ± desviación estándar, seguidos de polibromodifenil éteres (20.4 ± 11.6 pg/Nm3, declorane plus (0.8 ± 0.5 pg/Nm3 y finalmente policlorodibenzo-p-dioxinas y policlorodibenzofuranos (0.3 ± 0.1 pg/Nm3. Los resultados, en concordancia con los obtenidos en otras ciudades, no sólo confirman la presencia de COP en el aire de Madrid, sino que evidencian diferencias importantes en cuanto al fraccionamiento (presencia mayoritaria en la fase gas o en la fase particulada entre los distintos analitos y congéneres evaluados.

  6. A multi-methodological approach to study the temporal and spatial distribution of air quality related to road transport emissions in Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Pedro; Miranda, Regina

    2013-04-01

    The traffic-related atmospheric emissions, composition and transport of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and air toxic pollutants (ATPs), are an important environmental problem that affect climate change and air pollution in Madrid, Spain. Carbon dioxide (CO2) affects the regional weather and particularly fine particle matter (PM) translocate to the people resulting in local health problems. As the main source of emissions comes from road transport, and subsequent combustion of fossil fuels, air quality deterioration may be elevated during weekdays and peak hours. We postulate that traffic-related air quality (CO2, methane CH4, PM, volatile organic compounds VOCs, nitrogen oxides NOx and carbon monoxide CO contents) impairs epidemiology in part via effects on health and disease development, likely increasing the external costs of transport in terms of climate change and air pollution. First, the paper intends to estimate the local air quality related to the road transport emissions of weeks over a domain covering Madrid (used as a case study). The local air quality model (LAQM) is based on gridded and shaped emission fields. The European Environmental Agency (EEA) COPERT modeling system will provide GHGs and ATPs gridded and shaped emission data and mobile source parameters, available for Madrid from preliminary emission inventory records of the Municipality of Madrid and from disaggregated traffic counts of the Traffic Engineering Company and the Metropolitan Company of Metro (METRO-Madrid). The paper intends to obtain estimates of GHGs and ATPs concentrations commensurate with available ground measurements, 24-hour average values, from the Municipality of Madrid. The comparison between estimated concentrations and measurements must show small errors (e.g. fractional error, fractional bias and coefficient of determination). The paper's expected results must determine spatial and temporal patterns in Madrid. The estimates will be used to cross check the primary local

  7. Estación de Chamartín Madrid – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Astorga, Roberto

    1976-11-01

    Full Text Available This group of constructions which constitutes the final phase in the Chamartín railway station, situated in the northern part of Madrid, consist of: — A 18,250 m2 local train station which comprises halls, cafeterias, shops, luggage room, offices of Zone 1 of the Renfe and various other service installations. - A building for goods and sleeping carriages with storage department, customs, etc., and 7,025 m2 of usable area. — A 71,380 m2 long distance station with similar, although more ample services to those of the local train station; moreover, it is provided with a covered parking site and various complementary installation. — A 24,670 m2 hotel with a capacity of 210 rooms, distributed over five storeys, to which 4 more storeys can be added, whereby the capacity would be increased to 378 rooms. — A thermic central of 5,810 m2 contains all the installations required for this group of buildings. The complex is completed by service corridors for luggage and goods, parking places, connecting pedestrian crossing, and a complete road system with roads both at ground level as well as overhead and underground; a theatre and a big pedestrian square that forms the focus and connecting element between all the buildings. The design of the complex was determined according to the following factors: — Integration with the city: By means of the open arrangement of the various constructions towards the city and by the big pedestrian square that constitutes an efficient link with the adjoinining zones. — Connection with the city: Direct access to two main highways and several means of public transport, such as: underground station parallel to the platforms; bus lines with a stop at the entrance of the terminal; taxi station, etc. — Separation of the traffic within the complex from the city traffic: By means of traffic ways at different levels. — Maximum use of already constructed parts: By utilizing already finished works

  8. Inmigración extranjera en la Comunidad de Madrid. Consolidación del hecho social migratorio y emergencia de un modelo de gestión de la diversidad Inmigración extranjera en la Comunidad de Madrid. Consolidación del hecho social migratorio y emergencia de un modelo de gestión de la diversidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel De Prada

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available En la Comunidad de Madrid se encuentra el mayor número de extranjeros residentes en una provincia del estado. Pero también es importante en la misma la presencia de inmigrantes nacionales llegados de otras provincias y comunidades, así como del exterior. En particular, en el municipio de Madrid casi la mitad de los vecinos tiene origen nacional distinto o ha nacido fuera de la ciudad. ¿Cómo se gestionan las diversidades a que dan lugar tales procedencias? El ultimo bienio, 2005-2006, puede considerarse como el de la presentación pública de las políticas de gobierno al respecto. La Comunidad de Madrid creó en 2005 la Consejería de Inmigración y la Agencia Regional para Inmigración y la Cooperación; en dicho período se ha diseñado el II Plan Regional para la Inmigración, aprobado recientemente. Por parte del Ayuntamiento de Madrid, en 2005 presentó el Plan Madrid de Convivencia Social e Intercultural (2004-2007, dos de cuyos dispositivos más novedosos han propuesto mecanismos participativos: la creación de Mesas de Diálogo y Convivencia Distritales y el Foro Madrid de Diálogo y Convivencia; en 2006 se ha presentado el primer Anuario de la Convivencia Intercultural Ciudad de Madrid 2006, elaborado por el Observatorio de las Migraciones y de la Convivencia Intercultural de la Ciudad de Madrid. Otros municipios de la región también han potenciado la reflexión y la organización social ante las migraciones internacionales. Así en Rivas Vacía-Madrid ha tenido lugar el II Foro Social Mundial de las Migraciones, en el verano del 2006, tras el celebrado el año pasado en Porto Alegre. Iniciativas y propuestas institucionales con mayor o menor implicación vecinal y de movimientos sociales. Pero la gestión de la diversidad, ¿no implica el reconocimiento de la ciudadanía a todos los vecinos? y, previamente, ¿es compatible ser vecino, con reconocimiento de derechos, y encontrarse ‘sin papeles’ en Madrid?The text faces the

  9. Prevalencia de la infección por Helicobacter pylori en población sana en la Comunidad de Madrid Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in the healthy population of Madrid (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Sánchez Ceballos

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia de la infección por Helicobacter pylori en población sana en la Comunidad de Madrid. Material y métodos: estudio transversal descriptivo en el que se realiza el diagnóstico de la infección por Helicobacter pylori mediante la prueba del test del aliento con 13C-urea. Resultados: se estudian un total de 618 sujetos. De estos, 481 son considerados evaluables con una prevalencia de infección por Helicobacter pylori del 60,3%. En esta cohorte el 36,4% eran varones y el 63,6% mujeres con una prevalencia del 60,6 y 60,1% respectivamente sin diferencias significativas. La mediana de edad de los pacientes evaluados fue de 37,5 años (rango 4-82 estableciéndose que existe una relación lineal con significación estadística entre la infección por Helicobacter pylori y la edad (χ² lineal = 33,31; p Objective: to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in the healthy population of Madrid Autonomous Community (AC. Material and methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study where Helicobacter pylori infection is diagnosed by means of the 13C-urea breath test. Results: a total of 618 subjects were studied. Among these, 481 were considered evaluable with a prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection of 60.3%. In this cohort 36.4% were men and 63.6% were women, with a prevalence of 60.6 and 60.1%, respectively, and no relevant differences between both subgroups. The median age of patients was 37.5 years (range 4-82, and a statistically significant linear relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and age (linear χ² =33.31; p < 0.001 was established -chances of infection increase with age. Prevalence increases with age and peaks at 60 to 69 years (83.3% infected. For 169 subjects (35.1% education level was unknown, and no relationship between this level and Helicobacter pylori infection was found. Conclusions: the study shows that the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in the healthy

  10. Estereotipos, identidades, y nichos económicos de las migrantes brasileñas en Madrid Stereotypes, identities, roles and economic niches of Brazilian women immigrants in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menara Lube Guizardi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Las mujeres componen el 65% de la inmigración brasileña en España. Esta feminización del flujo migratorio se vincula a la transformación de las relaciones de género vividas por estas mujeres en Brasil y en la sociedad de acogida. En Madrid, observamos una gran cantidad de negocios regentados por brasileñas - pequeños emprendimientos del campo de la hostelería o de estética y belleza. Sin embargo, ellas son más comúnmente empleadas en sectores no calificados con baja remuneración - en general relacionados a los servicios domésticos y al cuidado de niños y ancianos y la prostitución - , siendo en muchos casos asociadas a un estereotipo de hipersexualidad que influencia los nichos económicos a los que pueden o no acceder. El presente artículo analiza el rol económico que estas mujeres ocupan, y el conjunto de estereotipos raciales/nacionales con los cuales dialogan para lograr construir su inserción económica en España.The Brazilian women correspond to 65% of the Brazilian immigrants in Spain. This feminization of the displacement is deeply related with a change of the gender relations lived by these women both in Brazil and in host society. In Madrid, Brazilian women are protagonists of a new kind of entrepreneurship. They run small businesses in the field of restoration and of aesthetics and beauty. Nevertheless, they are most commonly employed in low-paid jobs, generally related with domestic services and child/elder care, and with prostitution - being in many cases associated with a stereotype of hyper-sexuality that influences the economic niches they can or can't access. The aim of this paper is to analyze the economic roles of Brazilian immigrants in Madrid, also discussing the imaginaries of the host society with which they dialog to make their economic insertion feasible in Spain.

  11. Creating Cultures of Peace: Pedagogical Thought and Practice. Selected Papers from the 10th Triennial World Conference (September 10-15, 2001, Madrid, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, Jean E., Ed.; Swami, Piyush, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    The 10th Triennial World Conference of the World Council for Curriculum and Instruction (WCCI) was held September 10-15, 2001 in Madrid, Spain. The theme of the conference was "Cultures of Peace." Thirty-four papers and presentations are divided into nine sections. Part I, Tributes to the Founders of WCCI, includes: (1) Tribute to Alice Miel…

  12. El sistema de yacimientos de mamíferos miocenos del Cerro de los Batallones, Cuenca de Madrid: estado actual y perspectivas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morales, J.; Pozo, M.; Silva, P.G.; Domingo, M.S.; López-Antoñanzas, R.; Álvarez Sierra, A.; Antón, M.; Martín Escorza, C.; Quiralte, V.; Salesa, M.J.; Sánchez, I.M.; Azanza, B.; Calvo, J.P.; Carrasco, P.; García-Paredes, I.; Knoll, F.; Hernández Fernández, M.; Hoek Ostende, van den L.W.; Merino, L.; Meulen, van der A.J.; Montoya, P.; Peigné, S.; Peláez-Campomanes, P.; Sánchez-Marco, A.; Turner, A.; Abella, J.; Alcalde, G.M.; Andrés, M.; DeMiguel, D.; Cantalapiedra, J.L.; Fraile, S.; García Yelo, B.A.; Gómez Cano, A.R.; López Guerrero, P.; Oliver Pérez, A.; Siliceo, G.

    2008-01-01

    The Cerro de los Batallones (Los Batallones Butte) is located in the central-northern area of the Madrid Basin, central Spain. Nine vertebrates localities containing a large variety of mammals of Upper Vallesian Age (Late Miocene) have been found associated with the sediments forming the butte. From

  13. Evaluación del proyecto de Madrid 2012 bajo un enfoque de mercado. Una exploración de posibilidades y mejoras

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    [ES] Desde que el 24 de abril de 1966 Madrid perdiera frente a Munich la votación para ser elegida como ciudad organizadora de los Juegos Olímpicos de 1972, la ciudad nunca había estado tan cerca de la organización de unas Olimpiadas.

  14. Un patronazgo en conflicto. La Virgen de Peña Sacra y su cofradía de Madrid (siglos XVII-XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Suárez, Roberto

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available The autor analyzes the aims of a 18th-century brotherhood in Madrid in promoting the cult to an image of Mary of Manzanares el Real, Madrid. This brotherhood, which incorporated and formed part of a specific and plural religious geography, operated in association with two convents of Madrid —Trinidad Calzada and San Felipe el Real— to legitimize the cult. By means of a self-serving campaign of control, the brotherhood destroyed, over decades, any element which could overshadow the cult in every aspect and type of ritual related to celebrations in the honor of Mary: a process that led to the complete manipulation of these celebrations.Se analizan las pretensiones de una cofradía madrileña del siglo XVIII de rendir culto a una imagen mañana venerada en Manzanares el Real (Madrid. Insertada en una geografía religiosa variada y plural, esta cofradía mantuvo contactos con dos conventos madrileños, la Trinidad Calzada y san Felipe el Real, para legitimar su culto. Bajo una interesada campaña de control, consiguió, durante muchos años, eliminar cualquier elemento que pudiera hacerle sombra en todos los modos rituales de la festividad de la Virgen, hasta llegar a su manipulación completa.

  15. Estado de conocimiento actual y problemas de conservación de los Meloidae (Coleoptera de la Comunidad de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-París, M.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Data gathered from publications, entomological collections and field observations along the last eight years, provide information about the presence of 40 especies of the family Meloidae in Comunidad de Madrid. Seven species are only known from collections made more than 25 years ago, while two species have been found only during recent field surveys (Meloe rugosus and Nemognatha chrysomelina. Two out of the seven species without recent records (Stenoria apicalis and Meloe baudueri are represented in Madrid by one or two specimens, so that their current presence in the region may have been overlooked. This is not the case of the other five (Meloe variegatus, M. cavensis, M. violaceus, Mylabris uhagonii and M. amorii, which are represented by numerous specimens in the historical collections. Meloe variegatus, M. cavensis and Mylabris uhagonii, must be considered at risk of extinction, but if new specimens are not found in the near future they should be treated as definitively extinct. Mylabris amorii has been found in only one locality at the northernmost edge of its known distribution range, and the evaluation of its status depends on new information. Meloe violaceus has suffered and evident decline and therefore should be treated as Vulnerable. Five additional species suffered evident reductions of their distribution ranges in Madrid (Meloe brevicollis, M. autumnalis, M. proscarabaeus, Hycleus dufourii and Mylabris dejeani. Most of the recent records for those species are restricted to mountain areas, while the lowland populations seem to have been disappeared and consequently, these species should be listed as Vulnerable. If the current tendency continues they will be transferred to the Extinction Risk level. Meloe tuccius, a frequently found species 10 to 15 years ago in the urban area of Madrid can be considerered today as nearly extinct in the area, and therefore should be

  16. La Casa Profesa de los Jesuitas en Madrid y una serie de pinturas adquiridas por Carlos III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez López, Andrés

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the reconstruction -both architectonic and pictorial- of the 17th-century Main House (Casa Profesa and church of the Jesuits in Madrid, unfortunately destroyed during the 19th century due to the urban reforms carried out on the calle Mayor. Thanks to a series of paintings acquired by Carlos III following the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain (1767, it is possible to have an idea of the important works that once adorned this temple. The author locates and studies these paintings, all of them of artistic interest, since they are by major 17th-century painters such as Luca Giordano, Murillo or Pedro Orrente, as well as 16th-century masters such as Andrea del Sarto or Gerolamo Muziano.

    La Casa Profesa de los Jesuitas en Madrid y una serie de pinturas adquiridas por Carlos III. El estudio supone una reconstrucción de la fundación de la Casa Profesa de los Jesuitas de Madrid así de cómo debía ser el templo. Este edificio, uno de los más importantes de la Capital en el siglo XVII, desapareció desafortunadamente en el s. XIX con el cambio urbanístico que sufrió la calle Mayor. Gracias a una serie de pinturas que Carlos III adquirió tras la expulsión de los Jesuitas podemos hacernos una idea de las importantes obras de arte que ornaban este templo. El estudio sirve también para la localización y estudio de estas obras todas ellas de gran interés artístico pues fueron realizadas por algunos de los más importantes pintores del s. XVII como Luca Giordano, Murillo o Pedro Orrente, así como maestros del siglo XVI italiano tales como Andrea del Sarto o Gerolamo Muziano.

  17. Prevalence of malnutrition in subjects over 65 years of age in the Community of Madrid: the DREAM + 65 Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Cuerda

    Full Text Available Introduction: Disease-related malnutrition (DRM is a frequent community healthcare problem that predominantly affects adults over 65 years of age and increases morbidity and mortality rates, while also decreasing quality of life. Objective: To study the prevalence of DRM in adults over 65 in different community healthcare centres belonging to the Regional Social Welfare Service of the Community of Madrid. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 33 community healthcare centres in Madrid (6 primary healthcare centres (PC, 9 care centres for the elderly (CE, 9 hospitals (H and 9 nursing homes (NH selected by means of multistage sampling. The variables studied were age, sex, level of dependence according to the Red Cross disability scale, reason for admission and underlying disease, habitat (urban-periurban-rural and geographical distribution (north-centre-south. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-screening was employed as a nutritional screening tool in all the centres. In the case of patients with positive screening (at risk-malnutrition, the MNA-assessment was carried out. Statistical analysis was conducted with the SPSS 21.0 package and included descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test, one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test and univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis (LR. Statistical significance was considered to be p < 0.05. Results: A total of 1,103 subjects were recruited (275 PC, 278 CE, 281 H, 269 NH, mean age 79.5 ± 8.4 years (41.2% were males and 58.8% females. The subjects from H and NH had a higher degree of disability (p < 0.001. The overall prevalence of DRM was 10%, 23.3% being at risk of malnutrition, with differences among the 4 types of community healthcare centres (p < 0.001. The univariate LR analysis showed significant differences in the prevalence of malnutrition according to age, sex, degree of dependence, type of community healthcare centre, habitat and geographical

  18. La salud y sus determinantes en la población inmigrante de la Comunidad de Madrid Health and its determinants in the immigrant population of the region of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Aerny Perreten

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir el estado de salud y sus determinantes en los inmigrantes residentes en la Comunidad de Madrid y compararlos con los de la población autóctona. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal a partir de los datos de la Encuesta Regional de Salud de Madrid 2007 (n = 12.190. Se clasifica a los individuos en autóctonos o nacidos en países de renta media-baja con menos o más de 5 años de residencia en España. Los resultados se ajustan por edad. Las proporciones y las medias de las variables se comparan con el test de ji al cuadrado y regresión lineal. Resultados: Comparados con los autóctonos, los inmigrantes son más jóvenes, desarrollan preferentemente trabajos manuales precarios que no se corresponden con su nivel educativo, y disponen de menos ingresos y menos espacio en sus viviendas. Tanto hombres como mujeres fuman y beben menos, pero las mujeres presentan mayores prevalencias de sobrepeso (un 10% más y sedentarismo. La adherencia al cribado citológico y de la tensión arterial es hasta un 16% menor. Los hombres y las mujeres con menor tiempo de residencia acuden menos a las consultas de atención primaria y a urgencias, al contrario que los que llevan más tiempo en España. Las mujeres con 5 o más años de estancia tienen una salud autopercibida y salud mental algo peores. Los inmigrantes presentan enfermedades crónicas similares a las de la población autóctona, pero con menores prevalencias. Conclusiones: El estado de salud de la población inmigrante no es tan desfavorable como cabría esperar en función de la mayor prevalencia de determinantes de salud perjudiciales.Objectives: To describe health status and its determinants in immigrants living in the region of Madrid and to compare these factors with those in the native-born population. Material and methods: We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional study based on data from the Madrid Regional Health Survey 2007 (n=12,190. Subjects were

  19. La reestructuración de los recursos sanitarios dedicados a la salud ambiental en la Comunidad de Madrid (1989-1999 The restructuring of the health resources devoted to the environmental health in the Community of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Villoria Mendieta

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available La Salud Ambiental, en su acepción más amplia, que engloba lo que administrativamente se entiende por Sanidad Ambiental e Higiene Alimentaria, tradicionalmente estuvo desempeñada por los Titulares Farmacéuticos, Médicos y Veterinarios que ejercían sus funciones en el ámbito de las demarcaciones de Partidos. Sobre estas estructuras, creadas en el año 1953 han ido incidiendo a lo largo de los años distintos eventos de tipo técnico y político que han hecho necesaria su reestructuración para ser capaces de dar respuesta al conjunto de problemas que preocupan a la Salud Pública.En este trabajo se pretende describir el modelo de reestructuración de los Servicios Farmacéuticos y Veterinarios realizado en la Comunidad de Madrid, analizar este modelo de reestructuración y proponer un modelo de estos Servicios que pueda servir de paradigma a las Comunidades Autónomas que todavía no han abordado el proceso.La metodología usada es la del análisis de la situación antes y después de la reestructuración de los Servicios Veterinarios y Farmacéuticos realizada a través de sendos Decretos de la Comunidad de Madrid.Las estructuras de Partidos han quedado obsoletas por lo que la reestructuración de los recursos es una necesidad. El abordaje de esta reestructuración debe hacerse lejos de cualquier tentación corporativista y contemplando la posibilidad de incorporar otros profesionales distintos a los tradicionales dada la complejidad creciente de los problemas de Salud Ambiental.The Environmental Health, in its broadest sense, wich includes what is administratively meant Environmental Health and Food Hygiene, was traditionally performed by the Titular Chemists, Dictors and Veterinary Surgeons who perforrmed their duties within the limits of the Partidos (Areas or districts within the jurisdiction of a Court. Upon this structures, created in 1953, different technical and political events have been influencing for years, making their

  20. Study of the superficial ozone concentrations in the atmosphere of Comunidad de Madrid using passive samplers Estudio de las concentraciones de ozono superficial en la atmósfera de la Comunidad de Madrid usando muestreadores pasivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Díaz Ramiro

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The ozone is a secondary atmospheric pollutant which is generated for photochemical reactions of volatil organic compounds (VOC’s and nitrogen oxides (NOx. In Spain the ozone is a big problem as a consequence of the solar radiation to reach high levels. Exposure over a period of time to elevated ozone concentrations can cause damage in the public health and alterations in the vegetation.The aim of this study is to carry out the development and validation of a measurement method to let asses the superficial ozone levels in the Comunidad de Madrid, by identifing the zones more significants, where to measure with UV photometric monitors (automatics methods this pollutant and where the health and the vegetation can be affected. To such effect, passive samplers are used, which have glass fiber filters coated with a solution of sodium nitrite, potassium carbonate, glycerol and water. The nitrite ion in the presence of ozone is oxidized to nitrato ion, which it is extrated with ultrapure water and analyzed for ion chromatography, by seen proportional to the concentration existing in the sampling point.The results of validation from field tests indicate a excellent correlation between the passive and the automatic method.The higher superficial ozone concentrations are placed in rural zones, distanced of emission focus of primary pollutants (nitrogen oxides and volatil organic compounds... principally in direction soutwest and northwest of the Comunidad of Madrid.El ozono es un contaminante atmosférico secundario formado por reacciones fotoquímicas de compuestos orgánicos volátiles (COV y óxidos de nitrógeno (NOx. En España, el ozono es un gran problema como consecuencia de los altos niveles alcanzados por la radiación solar. Exposiciones periódicas a concentraciones elevadas de ozono, pueden causar daños en la salud pública y alteraciones en la vegetación.El objetivo del presente estudio es desarrollar y validar un método de medida que