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Sample records for chronic fungal sinusitis

  1. Approaching chronic sinusitis.

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    Sarber, Kathleen M; Dion, Gregory Robert; Weitzel, Erik K; McMains, Kevin C

    2013-11-01

    Chronic sinusitis is a common disease that encompasses a number of syndromes that are characterized by sinonasal mucosal inflammation. Chronic sinusitis can be defined as two or more of the following symptoms lasting for more than 12 consecutive weeks: discolored rhinorrhea, postnasal drip, nasal obstruction, facial pressure or pain, or decreased sense of smell. Chronic sinusitis is further classified as chronic sinusitis with polyposis, chronic sinusitis without polyposis, or allergic fungal sinusitis using physical examination, and histologic and radiographic findings. Treatment methods for chronic sinusitis are based upon categorization of the disease and include oral and inhaled corticosteroids, nasal saline irrigations, and antibiotics in selected patients. Understanding the various forms of chronic sinusitis and managing and ruling out comorbidities are key to successful management of this common disorder.

  2. Managing acute invasive fungal sinusitis.

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    Dwyhalo, Kristina M; Donald, Carrlene; Mendez, Anthony; Hoxworth, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    Acute invasive fungal sinusitis is the most aggressive form of fungal sinusitis and can be fatal, especially in patients who are immunosuppressed. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial and potentially lifesaving, so primary care providers must maintain a high index of suspicion for this disease. Patients may need to be admitted to the hospital for IV antifungal therapy and surgical debridement.

  3. Different types of fungal sinusitis occurring concurrently: implications for therapy.

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    Rupa, V; Thomas, Meera

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and histopathological features, management and outcome of a series of patients with simultaneous occurrence of invasive and non-invasive fungal sinusitis (mixed fungal sinusitis). The histopathological records of patients with fungal sinusitis seen over the last 6 years were reviewed. The clinical, histopathological, treatment and follow up details of all cases with mixed fungal sinusitis were noted. Six cases of mixed fungal sinusitis with concurrent occurrence of chronic granulomatous fungal sinusitis and allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) were seen during the study period. Most (83.3 %) had bilateral disease. All patients had undergone prior endoscopic sinus surgery at least once within the previous 2 years. Histopathological features showed predominance of invasive disease in half the patients. Except for one patient who did not report for follow up, all patients with predominant chronic granulomatous fungal sinusitis received systemic antifungal therapy and inhaled steroids. Those with predominant features of AFS received oral and inhaled steroids. Five patients with mixed fungal sinusitis who had follow up ranging from 6 months to 5 years were disease free following treatment. Mixed fungal sinusitis should be recognized by the surgeon and pathologist as a separate category of fungal sinusitis whose treatment depends on accurate histological diagnosis. A good outcome may be expected with appropriate therapy.

  4. Chronic sinusitis (image)

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    ... and cartilage and lined with a mucous membrane. Sinusitis occurs when the membranes becomes inflamed and painful, ... a result of a blocked sinus opening. Chronic sinusitis is often caused by inflammation and blockage due ...

  5. Acute fulminant invasive fungal sinusitis with cavernous sinus syndrome.

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    Chi, Tzu-Hang; Chen, Hsien-Shen; Yuan, Chien-Han; Su, Feng-Ming

    2014-11-01

    Acute fulminant invasive fungal sinusitis is most commonly found in immunocompromised patients with conditions such as diabetes mellitus, malignancies and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. The most common pathogens are Aspergillus and Mucoraceae and the sinus most frequently involved is the maxillary sinus. Fever, rhinorrhea, facial pain, headache, and diplopia are common presenting symptoms. Complications of this infection include intracranial and / or intraorbital spread of the infection; the prognosis is poor. Here, a rare case of acute fulminant invasive fungal sinusitis with cavernous sinus syndrome is reported.

  6. Sublingual Immunotherapy for Allergic Fungal Sinusitis.

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    Melzer, Jonathan M; Driskill, Brent R; Clenney, Timothy L; Gessler, Eric M

    2015-10-01

    Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is a condition that has an allergic basis caused by exposure to fungi in the sinonasal tract leading to chronic inflammation. Despite standard treatment modalities, which typically include surgery and medical management of allergies, patients still have a high rate of recurrence. Subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) has been used as adjuvant treatment for AFS. Evidence exists to support the use of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) as a safe and efficacious method of treating allergies, but no studies have assessed the utility of SLIT in the management of allergic fungal sinusitis. A record review of cases of AFS that are currently or previously treated with sublingual immunotherapy from 2007 to 2011 was performed. Parameters of interest included serum IgE levels, changes in symptoms, Lund-McKay scores, decreased sensitization to fungal allergens associated with AFS, and serum IgE levels. Ten patients with diagnosed AFS were treated with SLIT. No adverse effects related to the use of SLIT therapy were identified. Decreases in subjective complaints, exam findings, Lund-McKay scores, and serum IgE levels were observed. Thus, sublingual immunotherapy appears to be a safe adjunct to the management of AFS that may improve patient outcomes.

  7. Fungal Involvement in Patients with Paranasal Sinusitis

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    P Kordbacheh

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Fungal involvement of the paranasal sinuses is frequently observed in the immunocompromised host and it can become lifethreatening if it is not diagnosed. Definitive diagnosis is made by tissue biopsy and culture. In this study biopsy materials of maxillary, ethmoidal and frontal sinuses of 60 patients with clinical manifestation of sinusitis and no response to medical therapy were assessed by mycological and pathological methods for the presence of fungi. Invasive fungal sinusitis was diagnosed in 3 patients and etiologic agents were Candida albicans, Rhizopus sp. and Aspergillus fumigatus. Predisposing factors in these patients were leukemia, diabetes mellitus and previous sinus and polyp surgery, respectively. Allergic fungal sinusitis also was seen in one patient and Alternaria sp. isolated from the biopsy material. Only the patient with allergic form of disease survived but all the patients with invasive form of fungal infection were expired. This clearly underscores the need of early recognition of fungal sinusitis in at risk population in order to start urgent treatment. In this study Nocardia asteroids also was isolated from the biopsy sample in a patient with sinunasal adenocarcinoma.

  8. [Histopathologic study of chronic sinusitis].

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    Wayoff, M; Parache, R M; Bodelet, B; Gazel, P

    1983-01-01

    The conventional histopathology of the sinus is a criterium for the therapeutic indication, since it is possible to distinguish between granulomatous chronic sinusitis, chronic sinusitis with oedema and nasal polyposis. Each one of these clinical pictures has his own etiology and requires a specific therapeutic approach.

  9. Understanding Biofilms in Chronic Sinusitis.

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    Tajudeen, Bobby A; Schwartz, Joseph S; Palmer, James N

    2016-02-01

    Chronic sinusitis is a burdensome disease that has substantial individual and societal impact. Although great advances in medical and surgical therapies have been made, some patients continue to have recalcitrant infections. Microbial biofilms have been implicated as a cause of recalcitrant chronic sinusitis, and recent studies have tried to better understand the pathogenesis of chronic sinusitis as it relates to microbial biofilms. Here, we provide an overview of biofilms in chronic sinusitis with emphasis on pathogenesis, treatment, and future directions. In addition, recent evidence is presented, elucidating the role of bitter taste receptors as a possible key factor leading to biofilm formation.

  10. Sphenoidal fungal sinusitis with intracranial extension An interesting Case Report

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    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is rather rare. Fungal sinusitis is common in immunocompromised patients. In this case report the authors describe an immunocompetent patient with isolated sphenoid fungal sinusitis with intracranial extension with a review of published literature.Unfavorable location and poor ventilation have been attributed as the probable factors involved in isolated sphenoid sinusitis. Considering the location of sphenoid sinus (close to skull base, optic nerve and great vessels infections involving this sinus is fraught with dangerous complications.

  11. Sphenoidal fungal sinusitis with intracranial extension An interesting Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is rather rare. Fungal sinusitis is common in immunocompromised patients. In this case report the authors describe an immunocompetent patient with isolated sphenoid fungal sinusitis with intracranial extension with a review of published literature.Unfavorable location and poor ventilation have been attributed as the probable factors involved in isolated sphenoid sinusitis. Considering the location of sphenoid sinus (close to skull base, optic nerve and great vessel...

  12. Cunninghamella echinulata causing fatally invasive fungal sinusitis.

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    LeBlanc, Robert E; Meriden, Zina; Sutton, Deanna A; Thompson, Elizabeth H; Neofytos, Dionissios; Zhang, Sean X

    2013-08-01

    We report a fatal case of invasive fungal sinusitis caused by Cunninghamella echinulata in a febrile, neutropenic 15-year-old male with relapsing acute leukemia. The isolate was recovered from a nasal biopsy from the right middle meatus, and microscopic examination of the tissue revealed angioinvasion and necrosis. Human infection caused by this organism has not been well documented; however, this report alerts us to its life-threatening potential.

  13. [Maxillary sinus carcinoma combined with maxillary sinus fungal sinusitis: one case report].

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    Peng, Zhenxing; Xu, Xianfa; Wei, Bojun

    2016-01-01

    A 70 years old male patient complained a sense of swelling on right facial, mild pain, and the obstruction of right nasal, no complain of facial numbness and toothache. Physical examination showed the slight bulging on right facial with mild tenderness, purulent nasal secretions on the right middle nasal meatus, and no significant neoplasm. CT scan showed that soft density tissue in the right maxillary sinus,and the high density tissue in some period. Postoperative diagnosis: carcinoma of maxillary sinus with fungal sinusitis.

  14. Acute fungal sinusitis in neutropenic patients of Namazi hospital/ Shiraz

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    Parisa Badiee

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fungal sinusitis is a well known disease in immunocompromised patients, but recently many reports have indicated an increased prevalence of fungal sinusitis in otherwise healthy individuals. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of invasive fungal sinusitis (IFS in neutropenic patients and to determine outcome factors that may affect their survival. Methods: A total of 142 patients who were undergoing chemotherapy were followed by clinical and radiological features suggestive of fungal sinusitis. Patients with fever, headache, facial swelling and radiological finding underwent endoscopic sinus surgery. The biopsy materials were studied by mycological and histopathological methods. Results: Eleven from 142 patients were identified to have IFS. The ethiologic agents were Aspergillus flavus (5 cases, Alternaria sp. (3 cases, Aspergillus fumigatus (2 cases and mucor (1 case. Eight of 11 cases died. Conclusions: Invasive fungal sinusitis causes a high rate of mortality among immunocompromised patients. Therefore, early diagnosis with aggressive medical and surgical intervention is critical for survival.

  15. Mycological profile of fungal sinusitis: An audit of specimens over a 7-year period in a tertiary care hospital in Tamil Nadu

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    Michael Rajiv

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fungi are being increasingly implicated in the etiopathology of rhinosinusitis. Fungal sinusitis is frequently seen in diabetic or immunocompromised patients, although it has also been reported in immunocompetent individuals. Invasive fungal sinusitis, unless diagnosed early and treated aggressively, has a high mortality rate. Aim: Our aim was to look at the mycological and clinical aspects of fungal sinusitis in a tertiary referral center in Tamil Nadu. Design: This is a retrospective audit conducted on fungal culture positive sinus samples submitted to the Microbiology department from January 2000 to August 2007. Relevant clinical and histopathological details were analysed. Results: A total of 211 culture-positive fungal sinusitis samples were analysed. Of these, 63% had allergic fungal sinusitis and 34% had invasive fungal sinusitis. Aspergillus flavus was the most common causative agent of allergic fungal sinusitis and Rhizopus arrhizus was the most common causative agent of acute invasive sinusitis. A significant proportion of these patients did not have any known predisposing factors. Conclusion: In our study, the etiology of fungal sinusitis was different than that of western countries. Allergic fungal sinusitis was the most common type of fungal sinusitis in our community. Aspergillus sp was the most common causative agent in both allergic and chronic invasive forms of the disease.

  16. [Conservative therapy of chronic sinusitis].

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    Reiss, Michael; Reiss, Gilfe

    2012-01-01

    The chronic rhinosinusitis is defined as chronic inflammation of the nose and nasal sinuses, with or without nasal polyps. Patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis report about nasal obstruction and secretion, olfactory impairment, head and facial pain. These symptoms cause also considerable impact on quality of life. Therefore, an adequate rhinological diagnostics as well as therapies are essential. This paper reviews the pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapy of chronic rhinosinusitis. First choice of therapy should be topical glucocorticoids. The application of glucocorticoids causes anti-inflammatory and certain curative effects. Hypertonic salt solutions improve nasal symptoms. Long-term therapy with oral macrolides might improve median to severe symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps. An additional therapy with antihistamines is possible in patients with an allergy. Adaptive desensitization in patients suffering from analgesic-intolerance associating among other with nasal polyps is currently the single causal therapy. Therefore, frequency of endonasal revision surgery is reduced after desensitization.

  17. Environmental Risk Factors in Patients with Noninvasive Fungal Sinusitis

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    Badr Eldin Mostafa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of our study was to try to determine the possible environmental risk factors for noninvasive fungal sinusitis in Egyptian patients. Methods. This is a prospective epidemiological case control study on the environmental risk factors of noninvasive fungal sinusitis. It included 60 patients and 100 age and sex matched controls. Results. There was a statistically significant relation between apartment floor, surface area, exposure to dust, exposure to cockroaches, poor air conditioning, and fungal sinusitis. Yet, no statistical significance was found between allergy related occupations, exposure to animals or plants, although their percentages were higher among cases, smoking, and urban or rural residence. Conclusion. We suggest that for patients with noninvasive fungal sinusitis a change in their living environment must be implied with better exposure to sunlight, larger well ventilated homes, proper cleaning of dust and cockroach extermination, and if possible the judicious use of air conditioners.

  18. Bacterial colonization or infection in chronic sinusitis.

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    Pandak, Nenad; Pajić-Penavić, Ivana; Sekelj, Alen; Tomić-Paradžik, Maja; Cabraja, Ivica; Miklaušić, Božana

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this study was the determination of bacteria present in maxillary and ethmoid cavities in patients with chronic sinusitis and to correlate these findings with bacteria simultaneously present in their nasopharynx. The purpose of this correlation was to establish the role of bacteria found in chronically inflamed sinuses and to evaluate if the bacteria present colonized or infected sinus mucosa. Nasopharyngeal and sinus swabs of 65 patients that underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery were cultivated and at the same time the presence of leukocytes were determined in each swab. The most frequently found bacteria in nasopharynx were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus spp., Streptococcus viridans and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Maxillary or ethmoidal sinus swabs yielded bacterial growth in 47 (72.31%) patients. The most frequently found bacteria in sinuses were Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella spp. and Streptococci (pneumoniae, viridans and spp.). The insignificant number of leukocytes was present in each sinus and nasopharyngeal swab. Every published microbiology study of chronic sinusitis proved that sinus mucosa were colonized with bacteria and not infected, yet antibiotic therapy was discussed making no difference between infection and colonization. Chronic sinusitis should be considered a chronic inflammatory condition rather than bacterial infection, so routine antibiotic therapy should be avoided. Empiric antibiotic therapy should be prescribed only in cases when the acute exacerbation of chronic sinusitis occurs and the antibiotics prescribed should aim the usual bacteria causing acute sinusitis. In case of therapy failure, antibiotics should be changed having in mind that under certain circumstances any bacteria colonizing sinus mucosa can cause acute exacerbation of chronic sinusitis.

  19. Sinus augmentation surgery after endoscopic sinus surgery for the treatment of chronic maxillary sinusitis: a case report.

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    Tobita, Takayoshi; Nakamura, Mikiko; Ueno, Takaaki; Sano, Kazuo

    2011-10-01

    Chronic sinusitis develops when the ostiomeatal complex becomes stenosed by the swelling of the sinus mucosa. Previously, the Caldwell-Luc method was performed for the treatment of chronic sinusitis. But postoperative complications, such as discomfort of the buccal skin and recurrence of sinusitis, frequently occurred after the operation. Today, endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has become widely used for the treatment of chronic sinusitis. The features of ESS allow for the restoration of the physical function of the sinus membrane and preservation of the physiological environment of the sinus. Therefore, sinus augmentation surgery can be safely performed at an insufficient alveolar bone height below the maxillary sinus when sinusitis is eliminated by the ESS. This article documents a patient history involving chronic sinusitis that was treated by the ESS therapy before sinus augmentation surgery as a pretreatment for insertion of dental implants.

  20. Hyperprolactinemia Secondary to Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Compressing the Pituitary Gland

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    Nikita Chapurin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. We aim to describe the first case in the literature of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS presenting with hyperprolactinemia due to compression of the pituitary gland. Case Presentation. A 37-year-old female presented with bilateral galactorrhea and occipital headaches of several weeks. Workup revealed elevated prolactin of 94.4, negative pregnancy test, and normal thyroid function. MRI and CT demonstrated a 5.0 × 2.7 × 2.5 cm heterogeneous expansile mass in the right sphenoid sinus with no pituitary adenoma as originally suspected. Patient was placed on cabergoline for symptomatic control until definitive treatment. Results. The patient underwent right endoscopic sphenoidotomy, which revealed nasal polyps and fungal debris in the sphenoid sinus, consistent with AFS. There was bony erosion of the sella and clivus. Pathology and microbiology were consistent with allergic fungal sinusitis caused by Curvularia species. Prolactin levels normalized four weeks after surgery with resolution of symptoms. Conclusion. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery alone was able to reverse the patient’s pituitary dysfunction. To our knowledge, this is the first case of AFS presenting as hyperprolactinemia due to pituitary compression.

  1. Hyperprolactinemia Secondary to Allergic Fungal Sinusitis Compressing the Pituitary Gland

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    Chapurin, Nikita; Wang, Cynthia; Steinberg, David M.; Jang, David W.

    2016-01-01

    Objective. We aim to describe the first case in the literature of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) presenting with hyperprolactinemia due to compression of the pituitary gland. Case Presentation. A 37-year-old female presented with bilateral galactorrhea and occipital headaches of several weeks. Workup revealed elevated prolactin of 94.4, negative pregnancy test, and normal thyroid function. MRI and CT demonstrated a 5.0 × 2.7 × 2.5 cm heterogeneous expansile mass in the right sphenoid sinus with no pituitary adenoma as originally suspected. Patient was placed on cabergoline for symptomatic control until definitive treatment. Results. The patient underwent right endoscopic sphenoidotomy, which revealed nasal polyps and fungal debris in the sphenoid sinus, consistent with AFS. There was bony erosion of the sella and clivus. Pathology and microbiology were consistent with allergic fungal sinusitis caused by Curvularia species. Prolactin levels normalized four weeks after surgery with resolution of symptoms. Conclusion. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery alone was able to reverse the patient's pituitary dysfunction. To our knowledge, this is the first case of AFS presenting as hyperprolactinemia due to pituitary compression. PMID:26998375

  2. Pseudotumoral allergic fungal sinusitis with skull base involvement.

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    Braun, J J; Dupret, A; Veillon, F; Riehm, S

    2014-01-01

    Here we report a case of pseudotumoral recurrence of allergic fungal sinusitis with involvement of the skull base that was successfully treated with systemic corticosteroids and itraconazole without surgery. This report discusses the sometimes misleading radiological and clinical features as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of a condition that should be recognized by ENT specialists, neurosurgeons, ophtalmologists and radiologists.

  3. Relationship between development of accessory maxillary sinus and chronic sinusitis

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    Caner Sahin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: We aimed to investigate whether there is a relationship between development of accessory maxillary osmium (AMO and chronic sinusitis. Material and Methods: A total of 100 patients who had endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS constituted the study group while 100 patients who had septoplasty were taken as the control group. The patients were examined for the presence of AMO using rigid endoscope. Results: The prevalence of AMO was 14% in the rhinosinusitis group and 9% in the control group. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05. Conclusion: Our study revealed that AMO prevalence is significantly higher in patients with CRS when compared with the controls. CRS may enhance perforation of fontanelle and formation of AMO.

  4. Trichosporon inkin, an unusual agent of fungal sinusitis: A report from south India

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    Anand Janagond

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aetiology of fungal sinusitis is diverse and changing. Aspergillus species has been the most common cause for fungal sinusitis, especially in dry and hot regions like India. Trichosporon species as a cause for fungal sinusitis has been very rarely reported the world over. Here, we report a rare case of allergic fungal sinusitis caused by Trichosporon inkin in a 28-year-old immunocompetent woman. Bilateral nasal obstruction, nasal discharge and loss of smell were her presenting complaints. Diagnostic nasal endoscopy showed bilateral multiple polyps. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was performed and many polyps were removed. Based on mycological and histopathological studies, the pathogen was identified as T. inkin.

  5. Case report: allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and allergic fungal sinusitis successfully treated with voriconazole.

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    Erwin, Gary E; Fitzgerald, John E

    2007-12-01

    Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and allergic fungal sinusitis are closely related disorders that rarely present in the same individual. The mainstay of treatment for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is systemic corticosteroids. Itraconazole is used as adjunctive therapy in refractory cases. Allergic fungal sinusitis requires initial sinus surgery followed by systemic steroids. Antifungal therapy has not proven to be beneficial in allergic fungal sinusitis. We report a case of concomitant allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and allergic fungal sinusitis that was refractory to standard therapy but had dramatic clinical response following treatment with voriconazole.

  6. Trichosporon inkin, an unusual agent of fungal sinusitis: a report from south India.

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    Janagond, Anand; Krishnan, K Mohana; Kindo, A J; Sumathi, G

    2012-01-01

    The aetiology of fungal sinusitis is diverse and changing. Aspergillus species has been the most common cause for fungal sinusitis, especially in dry and hot regions like India. Trichosporon species as a cause for fungal sinusitis has been very rarely reported the world over. Here, we report a rare case of allergic fungal sinusitis caused by Trichosporon inkin in a 28-year-old immunocompetent woman. Bilateral nasal obstruction, nasal discharge and loss of smell were her presenting complaints. Diagnostic nasal endoscopy showed bilateral multiple polyps. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was performed and many polyps were removed. Based on mycological and histopathological studies, the pathogen was identified as T. inkin.

  7. Chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis by Paecilomyces variotii: A rare case report

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    T Swami

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses is an increasingly recognised entity, both in normal and immunocompromised individuals. The recent increase in mycotic nasal and paranasal infections is due to both improved diagnostic research and an increase in the conditions that favour fungal infection. Aspergillus, Candida, and Mucor species are the most common causative agents of fungal sinusitis, but infection with lesser known species have been reported across the world infrequently. This article reviews and presents a case report of chronic fungal sinusitis in an immunocompetent adult male infected with Paecilomyces variotii which is opportunistic soil saprophyte, uncommon to humans.

  8. Chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis by Paecilomyces variotii: A rare case report.

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    Swami, T; Pannu, S; Kumar, Mukesh; Gupta, G

    2016-01-01

    Fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses is an increasingly recognised entity, both in normal and immunocompromised individuals. The recent increase in mycotic nasal and paranasal infections is due to both improved diagnostic research and an increase in the conditions that favour fungal infection. Aspergillus, Candida, and Mucor species are the most common causative agents of fungal sinusitis, but infection with lesser known species have been reported across the world infrequently. This article reviews and presents a case report of chronic fungal sinusitis in an immunocompetent adult male infected with Paecilomyces variotii which is opportunistic soil saprophyte, uncommon to humans.

  9. Management of fungal sinusitis: A retrospective study in a medical college hospital

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    Sudhir M Naik

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background/ objectives: Fungus balls are extra-mucosal collections of fungal elements, usually localized to a single sinus cavity, commonly the maxillary sinus. They appear as partial or complete heterogeneous opacification of the involved sinus with occasional metal dense opacities on CT scan. Here we report a case series of fungal sinusitis with multiple sinus involvement. Materials and methods: We report a case series analysis of 46 cases of fungal sinusitis managed in our department for the past 3 years. Mean age in our study group was 32.45 years, with 15 males(mean age – 35.46 yrs and 31 females ( mean age –31 yrs. All were operated with endoscopic sinus surgery after CT findings positive of fungal sinusitis. Result: Fungal ball was seen in 36 (78.26% cases and invasive fungal sinusitis were seen in 8 (17.39%cases. 4 cases did not yield any growth and only secondary bacterial infection were seen on bacterial culture. 34 cases had disease in the maxillary sinus. 9 cases had bilateral growth and the rest unilateral only. 16 cases had disease in the sphenoid while 6 cases had both maxillary and sphenoid disease. 2 cases had ethmoidal disease. Conclusion: Endoscopic sinus surgery is treatment of choice for non-invasive fungus ball. Local or systemic antifungal therapy are reserved for extensive and invasive fungal diseases.

  10. [Compound odontoma as a cause of chronic maxillary sinusitis].

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    Crespo Del Hierro, Jorge; Ruiz González, Manuel; Delgado Portela, Margarita; García Del Castillo, Eduardo; Crespo Serrano, Juan

    2008-01-01

    Sinusitis of dental origin is a relatively frequent entity, but the presence of an odontoma in the sinus as a source of this pathology is exceptional. Here we present a case of a young patient who presented chronic maxillary sinusitis over 2 years, originating in an odontoma located in the sinus drainage area.

  11. [Maxillary sinus malformations (double wall bone) lead to chronic sinusitis in a case].

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    Pang, Chaofu; Gu, Feng; Fang, Yingqi

    2014-09-01

    Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common otorhinolaryngological disease, although the incidence of chronic sinusitis is the result of many factors, the local anatomic abnormalities is one of the most important reasons. When maxillary sinus dysplasia that sinus cavity becomes small. These was some sinus cavity partial or complete bony septum malformation used to be reported occasionally, according to reports in the literature of this malformation rate is below 2%, bony divides sinus cavity is divided into 2 to 3 independent lacunar deformity are very rare, next we will introduce a case of sinus cavity that been divided into double deck by bone wall.

  12. Role of Modified Endoscopic Medial Maxillectomy in Persistent Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis

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    Thulasidas, Ponnaiah

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has a long-term high rate of success for symptomatic improvement in patients with medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. As the popularity of the technique continues to grow, however, so does the population of patients with postsurgical persistent sinus disease, especially in those with a large window for ventilation and drainage. In addition, chronic infections of the sinuses especially fungal sinusitis have a higher incidence of recurrence even though a wide maxillary ostium had been performed earlier. This subset of patients often represents a challenge to the otorhinolaryngologist. Objectives To identify the patients with chronic recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis and devise treatment protocols for this subset of patients. Methods A retrospective review was done of all patients with persistent maxillary sinus disease who had undergone modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy between 2009 and 2012. We studied patient demographics, previous surgical history, and follow-up details and categorized the types of endoscopic medial maxillectomies performed in different disease situations. Results We performed modified endoscopic medial maxillectomies in 37 maxillary sinuses of 24 patients. The average age was 43.83 years. Average follow-up was 14.58 months. All patients had good disease control in postoperative visits with no clinical evidence of recurrences. Conclusion Modified endoscopic medial maxillectomy appears to be an effective surgery for treatment of chronic, recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis.

  13. Cranialization of the frontal sinus-the final remedy for refractory chronic frontal sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, J. Marc C.; Wagemakers, Michiel; Korsten-Meijer, Astrid G. W.; Buiter, C. T. Kees; van der Laan, Bernard F. A. M.; Mooij, Jan Jakob A.

    2012-01-01

    Object. Chronic sinusitis can be a debilitating disease with significant impact on quality of life. Frontal sinusitis has a relatively low prevalence, but complications can be severe due to its anatomical location. After failure of conservative measures, typically endoscopic procedures are performed

  14. CLINICAL EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF ITRACONAZOLE IN PREOPERATIVE AND REFRACTORY POSTOPERATIVE PATIENTS OF ALLERGIC FUNGAL SINUSITIS

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    Ch. Venkatasubbaiah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Allergic Fungal Sinusitis (AFS is a noninvasive type of fungal sinusitis, clinically and pathologically a unique entity of chronic rhinosinusitis. The aetiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of AFS are subject to controversy. In spite of aggressive endoscopic surgery, pre- and postoperative steroids and immunotherapy recurrence rates are high. Many additions are made to its original description and management since its early description in 1980. The aim of the present paper was to evaluate clinically. The response to high-dose itraconazole before endoscopic sinus surgery and in refractory postoperative patients. Related literature was reviewed in the light of the present study. MATERIALS AND METHODS A 2 year prospective study conducted on 68 AFS patients divided into two groups to clinically evaluate the results after using oral itraconazole preoperatively in one group and in refractory postoperative period in another. RESULTS The mean age of patients with typical AFS was 36±3.9 years. Patients with AFS with an average follow up of 21 months were included. Recurrence was 6/34 (17.64% in itraconazole group and revision FESS done in 3/34 (08.82%. Recurrence in patients without itraconazole was 16/34 (47.05% and refractory to conventional treatment, but responded to itraconazole in 14/16 (87.50%. Revision surgery required in 2/16 (12.50% after starting oral itraconazole. No side effects or reactions were observed in a total of 7920 doses administered. CONCLUSION Itraconazole is well tolerated by patients and effective in shrinking the polyposis preoperatively with low recurrence. Postoperative refractory AFS is amenable in (87.50% of patients avoiding repeat FESS. Overall, low recurrence rate and minimizing revision surgery when compared to patients treated without itraconazole was evident in the study.

  15. Sphenoid sinus fungall ball: a retrospective study over a 10- year period.

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    Eloy, Ph; Grenier, J; Pirlet, A; Poirrier, A L; Stephens, J S; Rombaux, Ph

    2013-06-01

    A fungal ball consists of a dense conglomerate of fungal hyphae growing at the surface of the sinus mucosa without tissue infiltration. The maxillary sinus is by far the most commonly involved paranasal sinus cavity followed by the sphenoid sinus. The present study is a retrospective study of 25 consecutive cases treated during the last 10 years in the two hospitals be- longing to the Catholic University of Louvain (CHU Mont-Godinne and UCL Saint Luc). We report the symptomatology, the imaging and discuss the different surgical managements. We conclude that the clinician must have a high index of suspicion when dealing with a unilateral rhinosinusitis persisting despite a maximal and well conducted medical treatment. This is particularly so in elderly women when associated with facial pain and post nasal drip, particularly when the computed tomography shows an unilateral opacity of the sphenoid sinus with or without a sclerosis or an erosion of the bony walls, a polyp in the sphenoethmoidal recess or a hyperdensity mimicking a foreign body. An endonasal endoscopic sphenoidotomy is the treatment of choice in most cases, allowing good ventilation of the sinus and radical removal of all the fungal concretion. A biopsy of the sinus mucosa adjacent to fungal elements is of upmost important to confirm the non- invasiveness of the fungi within the tissue. Antifungal medication is not required in uncomplicated forms. All host factors producing some degree of immunosuppression must be corrected when present and must alert the clinician to rule out any forms of invasive disease.

  16. Invasive fungal sinusitis in a healthy athlete due to long-term anabolic steroid use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Irene A; Thompson, Christopher F; Kedeshian, Paul A; Palma-Diaz, Fernando; Suh, Jeffrey D

    2014-08-01

    Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is a potentially fatal infection that affects immunocompromised patients. Prognosis is generally poor despite aggressive medical and surgical treatments. We present the first reported case of invasive fungal sinusitis in a healthy 18-year-old male athlete who was taking anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). The effects of excessive AAS use on the immune system are not fully understood, but there may be consequences at supraphysiological concentrations. This case demonstrates potential immunomodulatory effects of anabolic steroids and highlights a previously unknown cause of invasive fungal sinusitis.

  17. Sinusite fúngica alérgica: atualização Allergic fungal sinusitis: an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiro Tomita

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Sinusite fúngica alérgica é uma modalidade de sinusite fúngica reconhecida há aproximadamente 20 anos. Os critérios diagnósticos ainda não estão bem definidos e muitas dúvidas existem com relação à sua fisiopatogenia e tratamento. Com o intuito de rever os mais modernos conceitos desta nova entidade clínica, foi realizada uma pesquisa utlilizando como fontes de referências bibliográficas o Medline e o Lilacs, abrangendo os últimos 20 anos. A sinusite fúngica alérgica vem sendo reconhecida como uma importante causa de rinossinusite crônica e a integração entre otorrinolaringologistas, imunologistas e patologistas faz-se necessária para seu manuseio adequado.Allergic fungal sinusitis is a well recognized form of fungal sinusitis first described 20 years ago. This entity hasn't a well defined diagnostic criteria and many questions rise about its true fisiopathology and treatment. The authors have performed a MEDLINE and LILACS search, comprising the last 20 years, in order to review the most moderns concepts about this new clinical entity. Allergic fungal sinusitis has been considered an important cause of chronic rhinosinusitis and a good relation envolving otolaryngologists, immunologists and pathologists is essential for its correct management.

  18. Bacterial communities vary between sinuses in chronic rhinosinusitis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom V Joss

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS is a common and potentially debilitating disease characterized by inflammation of the sinus mucosa for longer than 12 weeks. Bacterial colonization of the sinuses and its role in the pathogenesis of this disease is an ongoing area of research. Recent advances in culture-independent molecular techniques for bacterial identification have the potential to provide a more accurate and complete assessment of the sinus microbiome, however there is little concordance in results between studies, possibly due to differences in the sampling location and techniques. This study aimed to determine whether the microbial communities from one sinus could be considered representative of all sinuses, and examine differences between two commonly used methods for sample collection, swabs and tissue biopsies. High-throughput DNA sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was applied to both swab and tissue samples from multiple sinuses of 19 patients undergoing surgery for treatment of CRS. Results from swabs and tissue biopsies showed a high degree of similarity, indicating that swabbing is sufficient to recover the microbial community from the sinuses. Microbial communities from different sinuses within individual patients differed to varying degrees, demonstrating that it is possible for distinct microbiomes to exist simultaneously in different sinuses of the same patient. The sequencing results correlated well with culture-based pathogen identification conducted in parallel, although the culturing missed many species detected by sequencing. This finding has implications for future research into the sinus microbiome, which should take this heterogeneity into account by sampling patients from more than one sinus. It may also be of clinical importance, as determination of antibiotic sensitivities using culture of a swab from a single sinus could miss relevant pathogens that are localized to another sinus.

  19. Evaluation of the microbiology of chronic ethmoid sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, P W; Woodham, J D

    1991-01-01

    In a prospective study, patients with the diagnosis of chronic ethmoid sinusitis were evaluated microbiologically by using biopsy specimens of the ethmoid sinus mucosa. Microbiology cultures were performed on 94 specimens from 59 patients. Staphylococcus aureus and members of the family Enterobacteriaceae were the most frequent classical pathogenic bacteria isolated. Coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most common overall isolates. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae were infrequent isolates. No anaerobes, viruses, or Chlamydia trachomatis organisms were identified. Results of this study showed organism isolation frequencies different from those found in other studies of chronic sinusitis reported in the literature. The predominance of S. aureus and members of the family Enterobacteriaceae could have an effect on the antimicrobial therapy for chronic ethmoid sinusitis. PMID:1774242

  20. MRI diagnosis of fungal sinusitis%真菌性鼻窦炎的MRI诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷瓅

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨真菌性鼻窦炎的MRI表现特征,分析诊断价值.方法:回顾分析11例经手术病理证实为真菌性鼻窦炎患者的MRI资料及临床表现.结果:9例累及上颌窦,其中3例累及同侧筛窦,1例累及双侧上颌窦、筛窦、额窦,1例累及蝶窦.病变信号混杂,T1WI呈低、等及长信号,T2WI呈高低混合信号,霉菌球呈短T1、短T2信号.结论:真菌性鼻窦炎具有较特征性的MRI表现,在诊断和鉴别诊断中具有较高价值.%Objective:To study the fungal sinusitis features in MRI.Methods:MRI materials and clinical manifestations of eleven patients with fungal sinusitis confirmed by operation and pathology were analysed.Results:Nine cases involving the maxillary sinus,3 cases involving the same side ethmoidal sinus,1 case involving the bilateral maxillary sinus,ethmoidal sinus,and frontal sinus,1 case involving the sphenoid sinus.Lesions signals were mixed,T1WI was low and long signal,T2WI was high and low mixed signal,mold ball presented T1,T2 short signal.Conclusion:Fungal sinusitis has accurate information used MRI in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of high value.

  1. A case of membranous nephropathy associated with chronic sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazawa, Ippei; Yano, Shozo; Takase, Hirofumi; Yamane, Yuko; Yamaguchi, Toru; Sugimoto, Toshitsugu

    2009-01-01

    Here we report a case of a 71-year-old Japanese woman with membranous nephropathy complicated with chronic sinusitis. The patient visited our hospital for treatment of edema and proteinuria, and was diagnosed as nephrotic syndrome with serum total protein 7.5 g/dL, albumin 2.2 g/dL and urine protein 3.7 g/day. Renal biopsy revealed membranous glomerulonephritis with tubulointerstitial nephritis. She had suffered from chronic sinusitis for several years. Laboratory tests showed that immunoglobulin G (IgG) and soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) were markedly increased (3,233 mg/dL and 5,110 U/mL, respectively) and Gallium scintigraphy showed abnormal accumulation to the paranasal sinus. After operation for chronic sinusitis, the levels of IgG and sIL-2R were decreased, and nephrotic syndrome was improved without any other specific treatments. It is known that various diseases, including membranous nephropathy and sinusitis, are caused by T-cell dysfunction. Thus, we suspect the pathogenetic link between membranous nephropathy and chronic sinusitis in this case, most probably through T-cell dysfunction.

  2. Fungal rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netkovski, J; Shirgoska, B

    2012-01-01

    Fungi are a major part of the ecosystem. In fact, over 250 fungal species have been reported to produce human infections. More than ever, fungal diseases have emerged as major challenges for physicians and clinical microbiologists. The aim of this study was to summarize the diagnostic procedures and endoscopic surgical treatment of patients with fungal rhinosinusitis. Eleven patients, i.e. 10% of all cases with chronic inflammation of paranasal sinuses, were diagnosed with fungal rhinosinusitis. Ten of them were patients with a noninvasive form, fungus ball, while only one patient was classified in the group of chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis which was accompanied with diabetes mellitus. All patients underwent nasal endoscopic examination, skin allergy test and had preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans of the sinuses in axial and coronal plane. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was performed in 10 patients with fungus ball, while a combined approach, endoscopic and external, was done in the immunocompromised patient with the chronic invasive form of fungal rhinosinusitis. Most cases (9/11) had unilateral infection. In 9 cases infection was restricted to a single sinus, and here the maxillary sinus was most commonly affected (8/9) with infections in other patients being restricted to the sphenoid sinus (1/9). Two patients had infections affecting two or more sinuses. In patients with an invasive form of the fungal disease there was involvement of the periorbital and orbital tissues. In patients with fungus ball the mycelia masses were completely removed from the sinus cavities. Long-term outcome was positive in all the operated patients and no recurrence was detected. The most frequent fungal agent that caused rhinosinusitis was Aspergillus. Mucor was identified in the patient with the invasive form. Endoscopic examination of the nasal cavity and CT scanning of paranasal sinuses followed by endoscopic sinus surgery were represented as valuable

  3. Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses ... and cause pain. There are several types of sinusitis, including Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks ...

  4. Near-infrared imaging for management of chronic maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Joon S.; Cerussi, Albert E.; Kim, James; Ison, Sean; Wong, Brian; Cui, Haotian; Bhandarkar, Naveen

    2015-03-01

    Efficient management of chronic sinusitis remains a great challenge for primary care physicians. Unlike ENT specialists using Computed Tomography scans, they lack an affordable and safe method to accurately screen and monitor sinus diseases in primary care settings. Lack of evidence-based sinusitis management leads to frequent under-treatments and unnecessary over-treatments (i.e. antibiotics). Previously, we reported low-cost optical imaging designs for oral illumination and facial optical imaging setup. It exploits the sensitivity of NIR transmission intensity and their unique patterns to the sinus structures and presence of fluid/mucous-buildup within the sinus cavities. Using the improved NIR system, we have obtained NIR sinus images of 45 subjects with varying degrees of sinusitis symptoms. We made diagnoses of these patients based on two types of evidence: symptoms alone or NIR images along. These diagnostic results were then compared to the gold standard diagnosis using computed tomography through sensitivity and specificity analysis. Our results indicate that diagnosis of mere presence of sinusitis that is, distinguishing between healthy individuals vs. diseased individuals did not improve much when using NIR imaging compared to the diagnosis based on symptoms alone (69% in sensitivity, 75% specificity). However, use of NIR imaging improved the differential diagnosis between mild and severe diseases significantly as the sensitivity improved from 75% for using diagnosis based on symptoms alone up to 95% for using diagnosis based on NIR images. Reported results demonstrate great promise for using NIR imaging system for management of chronic sinusitis patients in primary care settings without resorting to CT.

  5. Schizophyllum Commune a Causative Agent of Fungal Sinusitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Premamalini

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of maxillary sinusitis caused by Schizophyllum commune, in a 50-year-old female. The patient presented with nasal obstruction, purulent nasal discharge from right side of the nose, cough, headache, and sneezing. Computed tomography revealed extensive opacity of the right maxillary sinus as well as erosion of the nasal wall and maxillary bone. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was done, and fungal debris present on right side of the maxillary sinus was removed and sent to laboratory. Potassium hydroxide (KOH examination of the nasal discharge showed hyaline, septate hyphae. Primary isolation on Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA yielded a white woolly mould. Banana peel culture after 8 weeks showed macroscopically visible fan-shaped fruiting bodies. Lactophenol cotton blue (LPCB mount of the same revealed hyaline septate hyphae, often with clamp connections. Identification was confirmed by the presence of clamp connections formed on the hyphae and by vegetative compatibility with known isolates.

  6. Functional Endonasal Sinus Surgery for Noninvasive Fungal Rhino-sinusitis%非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的鼻内镜治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴素娟(综述); 沈志豪(审校)

    2014-01-01

    Fungal rhino-sinusitis is the common clinical disease in otorhinolaryngology, and its inci-dence increased year by year. Based on the fungus′s immunity function condition and the different pathology change of the patient,fungal rhino-sinusitis is divided into two types:invasive and noninvasive fungal rhino-sinusitis. Noninvasive fungal rhino-sinusitis is the most common clinical disease,and functional endonasal si-nus surgery is the major treatment for it. Endoscopic sinus surgery can have a better clinical effect,shorter op-eration time and less invasive can in treatment of fungal sinusitis than Caldwell-Luc surgery and can be popu-larized. To popularize the use of functional endonasal sinus surgery for noninvasive fungal rhino-sinusitis,this article summarized the clinical characteristics of noninvasive fungal rhino-sinusitis and discussed the method, curative effect and precaution of functional endonasal sinus surgery for noninvasive fungal rhino-sinusitis.%真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎是耳鼻喉临床常见疾病,其发病率逐年增高,依据病理特征和患者的免疫功能状态分为侵袭性和非侵袭性。临床上以非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎最为常见,其主要治疗方法为鼻内镜手术。与传统手术相比,鼻内镜术治疗非侵袭性真菌性鼻窦炎临床疗效好,手术时间短,创伤较小,在临床上具有推广意义。为了推广非侵袭性真菌性鼻窦炎的鼻内镜治疗,该文结合非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的临床特征,就非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的鼻内镜治疗的手术方法、疗效及常见并发症予以综述。

  7. Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    ¿Qué son los senos para nasales?/ ¿Qué es la sinusitis?/Tipos de sinusitis/Causas de sinusitis/Factores que predisponen/La sinusitis y su relación con otras enfermedades del tracto respiratorio/Signos y síntomas/Complicaciones de la sinusitis.

  8. Analysis of CT diagnose for fungal sinusitis in 100 cases%CT诊断真菌性鼻窦炎100例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春晖

    2012-01-01

    Objective To summarize the fungal sinusitis of fungal sinusitis retrospectively and to analyze the clinical value of CT diagnose for fungal sinusitis. Methods The data of 100 patients with fungal sinusitis and the clinical examination results were compared with CT diagnose. Bone window and soft - tissue window scans were performed for sinus CT scans. Results 100 cases suffered unilateral nasal sinusitis disease. There were 34 cases of fungus ball, 4 cases of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis, and 28 cases of allergic fungal sinusitis. The characteristics of imaging showed that there were well-distributed high density frosted glass shadow, or extremely irregular linar, there are decentralization calcification spots distribute in the sinuses. And accompany different degree bone resorption or the structures were unclearly. There were 15 cases of sinus wall bone erosion, lesions extended to adjacent structures in 3 cases, extended to eye socket in 1 case and 2 cases with bone absorption of lateral skull base. The mucin in nasal or sinus were in accord with the high density of ground-glass opacity which showed by CT scan. Conclusion The imaging of CT of these patients' representations were different with others paranasal sinusitis. It can aid accurate diagnose the fungal sinusitis.%目的 回顾性总结真菌性鼻窦炎CT影像表现,并结合临床,探讨CT检查对诊断真菌性鼻窦炎的临床价值.方法 收集100例确诊为真菌性鼻窦炎的病人资料并结合临床检查结果,与CT检查进行分析比较.鼻窦CT扫描采用骨窗和软组织窗扫描.结果 100例患者均为单侧鼻窦发病,其中真菌球型68例,慢性侵袭性真菌性鼻窦炎4例,变应性真菌性鼻窦炎28例.CT扫描影像特点为鼻窦腔散在较均匀毛玻璃特征或极不规则的线状,有星状分布的钙化点;伴不同程度骨质吸收或结构不清;窦壁骨质侵蚀15例.病变延伸到邻近结构3例,其中1例累及眼眶.有2例侧颅底骨质吸收.

  9. Sinusitis in children and adolescents with chronic or recurrent headache: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senbil, Nesrin; Gürer, Y K Yavuz; Uner, Ciğdem; Barut, Yaşar

    2008-02-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of misdiagnosis of sinus headache in migraine and other primary headache types in the children and adolescents with chronic or recurrent headaches. Children with chronic or recurrent headaches (n = 310) were prospectively evaluated. Data collection for each patient included history of previously diagnosed sinusitis due to headache, and additional sinusitis complaints (such as fever, cough, nasal discharge, postnasal discharge) at the time of sinusitis diagnosis, and improvement of the headache following treatment of sinusitis. If sinus radiographs existed they were recorded. The study included 214 patients with complete data. One hundred and sixteen (54.2%) patients have been diagnosed as sinusitis previously and 25% of them had at least one additional complaint, while 75% of them had none. Sinusitis treatment had no effect on the headaches in 60.3% of the patients. Sinus graphy had been performed in 52.8%, and 50.4% of them were normal. The prevalence of sinus headache concomitant with primary headache, and only sinus headache was detected in 7 and 1%, respectively, in our study. Approximately 40% of the patients with migraine and 60% of the patients with tension-type headache had been misdiagnosed as "sinus headache". Children with chronic or recurrent headaches are frequently misdiagnosed as sinus headache and receive unnecessary sinusitis treatment and sinus graphy.

  10. Molecular identification of Schizophyllum commune as a cause of allergic fungal sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Won, Eun Jeong; Shin, Jong Hee; Lim, Sang Chul; Shin, Myung Geun; Suh, Soon Pal; Ryang, Dong Wook

    2012-09-01

    Schizophyllum commune, a basidiomycetous fungus, rarely causes disease in humans. We report a rare case of allergic fungal sinusitis caused by S. commune in a 14-yr-old girl. The patient presented with nasal obstruction and a purulent nasal discharge. Materials obtained during endoscopic surgery of the frontal recess revealed allergic mucin and a few fungal hyphae. A potato dextrose agar (PDA) culture from the allergic mucin yielded a rapidly growing white woolly mold. Although no distinctive features including hyphae bearing spicules or a clamp connection were present, the case isolate disclosed compatible mycological features including growth at 37℃, susceptibility to cycloheximide, and production of a tart and disagreeable smell. S. commune was confirmed by sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region and D1/D2 regions of the 26S ribosomal DNA. We believe this is the first report of allergic fungal sinusitis caused by S. commune in Korea. Moreover, this report highlights the value of gene sequencing as an identification tool for non-sporulating isolates of S. commune.

  11. Chronic invasive aspergillosis of paranasal sinuses: A case report with review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avinash P Tamgadge

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aspergillosis of the nasal and paranasal sinuses is recognized as being second to candidiasis, among opportunistic fungal infections in immunocompromised patients. However, invasive variant in normal and mildly immunocompromised hosts is a very rare occurrence. We report one such case of aspergillosis involving paranasal sinuses in mildly immunocompromised patient.

  12. Minimal Change Nephrotic Syndrome Which Was Most Likely Caused by Chronic Sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwatani, Hirotsugu; Mori, Daisuke; Yamamoto, Satoko; Nakano, Chikako; Yamamoto, Ryohei; Masumura, Chisako; Shikina, Takashi; Imai, Takao; Inohara, Hidenori; Rakugi, Hiromi; Isaka, Yoshitaka

    2015-01-01

    A 33-year-old Japanese man was admitted with severe edema, and a renal biopsy confirmed minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS). CT revealed his severe chronic sinusitis, and he first received antimicrobial therapy, which resulted in decreased proteinuria. The surgical operation for sinusitis resulted in the complete disappearance of proteinuria without corticosteroid or immunosuppressant therapy within one week. MCNS may be triggered by infection, but there are no previously reported cases of MCNS that is completely remitted by infection control alone. Therefore, we herein report the first case of MCNS that attained complete remission following therapy for chronic sinusitis alone, which suggests a strong etiology of chronic sinusitis for MCNS.

  13. Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the result of an infection from a virus, bacteria, or fungus. Causes The sinuses are air-filled spaces in ... than 3 months. It may be caused by bacteria or a fungus. The following may increase the risk that an ...

  14. Anatomical Variations of Anterior Osteomeatal Complex in Patients With Chronic Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarafraz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Identifying predisposing factors for chronic sinusitis is very important. Objectives Anatomical variation of the lateral nasal wall has been investigated in several studies and it has been suggested as a predisposing factor for sinusitis. Patients and Methods In this case-control study, 74 patients who were diagnosed with chronic sinusitis (the case group based on clinical criteria and CT scan were entered into the study and 74 patients without chronic sinusitis were considered as the control group. CT scans of all patients were reviewed by a radiologist to interpret and evaluate anatomic variations of anterior osteomeatal complex including nasal deviation, concha bullosa, agger nasi, lateralized uncinate, Haller’s cells, paradoxical middle turbinate, and maxillary hypoplasia. Data were analyzed using the chi-squared test and Fisher’s exact test with SPSS software version 18. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Results showed that the most common sinus involved was maxillary sinus. Among anatomic variations, septal deviation and concha bullosa were associated with chronic sinusitis (P < 0.01 and P < 0.032, respectively. Conclusions Among anatomic variations, septal deviation and concha bullosa are predisposing factors for chronic sinusitis and we recommend that patients with chronic sinusitis be treated by surgical procedures.

  15. A rare presentation of orbital complication of invasive fungal sinusitis in an immunocompetent young boy-a rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Gaur

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS in a 24 -year old man with history of left sided nasal obstruction and discharge since few years. Since few months he developed epiphora in the left eye associated with discomfort on eye movements. Patient was examined and CT with contrast was done. CT contrast showed an enhancing lesion in Left maxillary and ethmoid sinuses and erosion of the inferior bony wall of the orbit and medial wall of maxillary sinus. Though most patients of fungal sinusitis are immunocompromised but this patient was young male immunocompetent and made an unusual presentation with visual epiphora and painful eye movements. CT showed bony erosion of the Left inferior Bony wall of the Orbit and medial wall of Maxillary Sinus. After through examination and specific investigations, the patient was posted for surgery. We planed for Cald well –Luc’s Surgery and Endoscopic excision of the mass .Histological examination was reported as non malignant and microscopy showed Fungal Hyphae. After the surgery patient was discharged satisfactorily within couple of days and followed up regularly. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal,2012,Vol-8,No-1, 48-51 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v8i1.6826

  16. Basilar Artery Territory Stroke Secondary to Invasive Fungal Sphenoid Sinusitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine A. Fu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mucormycosis is a fungal infection with the following 5 classic forms: cutaneous, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, disseminated, and rhinocerebral. The rhinocerebral form can be rapidly progressive and invasive with a high mortality rate. We present a case of a 38-year-old man with invasive mucormycosis that led to a basilar artery territory stroke. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is an unusual cause of stroke. Case Report: A 38-year-old man with a past medical history of diabetes mellitus presented with altered mental status. A lumbar puncture revealed eosinophilic pleocytosis with a mildly elevated total protein and borderline low glucose level. CT revealed a left medullary and cerebellar infarct confirmed by MRI. MRI also displayed a diffuse marrow signal abnormality in the clivus with contiguous sinus disease. Endoscopic sinus surgery confirmed that the fungal sinusitis was mucormycosis of the Rhizopus genus, which had affected the left sphenoid sinus, invaded through the skull base, and involved the basilar artery. He was given liposomal amphotericin (500 mg i.v. with posaconazole (400 mg i.v. twice daily. Due to the severity of the invasion and poor prognosis, the patient was discharged with comfort care measures. Discussion: Clinicians should be aware of invasive sinusitis as a rare cause of stroke in diabetics. Once the subarachnoid space and basal arteries of the brain have been invaded, the prognosis is very poor. The key to improvement of outcomes is early recognition and treatment, and examination of the sinuses on neuroimaging in all cases of stroke is vital.

  17. 霉菌性鼻窦炎的CT和MRI表现%CT and MRI manifestations of fungal paranasal sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蕾; 苗重昌; 周胜利

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨霉菌性鼻窦炎的特征性CT和MRI表现.方法:回顾性分析经手术病理证实的28例霉菌性鼻窦炎的临床及CT、MRI资料.结果:病变累及一侧上颌窦者17例,累及一侧上颌窦及同侧筛窦者5例,累及一侧上颌窦及同侧筛窦、鼻腔者3例,累及双侧上颌窦者3例.病理表现为被覆假复层纤毛柱状上皮黏膜组织中有较多炎性渗出物,坏死物及淋巴细胞和多形核细胞浸润,可见茵丝、孢子.霉菌性鼻窦炎的CT表现主要为病变窦腔软组织影充填20例,病灶内斑点、务片样钙化26例,窦腔骨壁增厚21例.窦腔缩小15例,偶见骨壁破坏4例;MRI表现主要为病变T1WI呈等信号或低信号,T2WI呈低信号或混合不均匀信号,周围见T1WI低信号、T2WI高信号影充填窦腔或窦壁黏膜增厚.结论:CT是诊断霉菌性鼻窦炎的首选影像学检查方法,MRI能显示病灶内真茵球范围,有助于鉴别诊断.%Objective : To evaluate the CT and MRI characteristics of fungal paranasal sinusitis. Methods: The clinical and imaging materials of 28 patients with surgery and pathology proved fungal paranasal sinusitis were analyzed retrospectively. Results : Of the 28 patients,17 patients had involvement of unilateral maxillary sinus, 5 patients had unilateral maxillary sinus and ipsilateral ethmoid sinus involvement, 3 patients had unilateral maxillary sinus,ipsilateral ethmoid sinus and nasal cavity involvement, 3 cases had bilateral maxillary sinus involvement. Inflammatory exudation, necrosis, lymphocyte and polymorphonuclear cell infiltration could be revealed in the coated pseudostratified ciliated columnar mucous membrane,together with hyphae and spores. The major CT findings of fungal paranasal sinusitis were as follows : the involved sinuses were fulfillcd with soft tissue density (20 cases) ,intra-lesional spotty and linear, flaky calcifications (26 cases) ,thickening of sinus bony wall (2lcases) ,narrowing of sinus cavity (15

  18. Reliability, validity and responsiveness of a Norwegian version of the Chronic Sinusitis Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Røssberg Edna

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Chronic Sinusitis Survey (CSS is a valid, disease-specific questionnaire for assessing health status and treatment effectiveness in chronic rhinosinusitis. In the present study, we developed a Norwegian version of the CSS and assessed its psychometric properties. Methods In the pooled data set of 65 patients from a trial of treatment for chronic sinusitis with long-standing symptoms and signs of sinusitis on computed tomography (CT, we assessed the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the CSS. Results Test-retest reliability of the two CSS scales and the total scale ranged 0.87–0.92, while internal consistency reliability ranged 0.31–0.55. CSS subscale scores were associated with other items on sinusitis symptoms, and with the Mental health and Bodily pain scale of the SF-36. There was little association of the CSS scale scores with sinus CT findings. The patients with chronic sinusitis had worse scores on all three CSS scales than a healthy reference population (n = 42 (p Conclusion The Norwegian version of the CSS had acceptable test-retest reliability, but lower internal consistency reliability than the accepted standard criteria. The results support the construct validity of the measure and the sinusitis symptoms subscale and the total scales were responsive to change. This supports the use of the questionnaire in interventions for chronic sinusitis, but points at problems with the internal consistency reliability.

  19. Complications of chronic sinusitis on orbital sonography and craniofacial computed tomography--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osuagwu, Y U; Agunloye, A M; Adeyinka, A O; Obajimi, M O

    2011-06-01

    A 15-year-old boy without a previous history of sinusitis presented with life threatening complications from chronic pansinusitis. This report highlights the role of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis and management of occult sinusitis and its complications.

  20. Some Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients Have Significantly Elevated Populations of Seven Fungi in their Sinuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abstract: Objectives/Hypothesis: To measure the populations of 36 fungi in the homes and sinuses of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and non-CRS patients. Study Design: Single-blind cross-sectional study. Methods: Populations of 36 fungi were measured in sinus samples and in the home...

  1. A rare case of fungal maxillary sinusitis due to Paecilomyces lilacinus in an immunocompetent host, presenting as a subcutaneous swelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harish S Permi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Paecilomyces is a colonizing fungal species which usually causes keratitis, endocarditis, sinusitis, nephritis, fungemia, cutaneous, and subcutaneous infections in immunocompromised host. Very rarely, it causes similar infection in immunocompetent host without any risk factors. We report a case of maxillary sinusitis due to Paecilomyces lilacinus in a 65-year-old immunocompetent male, who presented with a subcutaneous swelling below the left eye. The lesion was excised by surgery and treated with itraconazole for 6 months based on culture and sensitivity. After 1 year of follow up, he is free of symptoms with no evidence of recurrence.

  2. Chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis by Paecilomyces variotii: A rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses is an increasingly recognised entity, both in normal and immunocompromised individuals. The recent increase in mycotic nasal and paranasal infections is due to both improved diagnostic research and an increase in the conditions that favour fungal infection. Aspergillus, Candida, and Mucor species are the most common causative agents of fungal sinusitis, but infection with lesser known species have been reported across the world infrequently. This arti...

  3. Invasive fungal infections in patients with chronic granulomatous disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henriet, S.S.V.; Verweij, P.E.; Holland, S.M.; Warris, A.

    2013-01-01

    Invasive fungal infections are a major threat for chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients. The present study provides a comprehensive overview of published invasive fungal infections in the CGD host through an extensive review of epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic data. In ad

  4. Bacteriological findings and antimicrobial resistance in odontogenic and non-odontogenic chronic maxillary sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puglisi, Salvatore; Privitera, Salvatore; Maiolino, Luigi; Serra, Agostino; Garotta, Matteo; Blandino, Giovanna; Speciale, Annamaria

    2011-09-01

    The main objectives of this study were to estimate the frequency of chronic maxillary sinusitis of dental origin, and to evaluate the microbiology of odontogenic and non-odontogenic chronic maxillary sinusitis. Aspirates from 59 patients with chronic maxillary sinusitis (47 non-odontogenic, 12 odontogenic), collected during a 3-year period, were microbiologically processed for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Moreover, antimicrobial susceptibility was evaluated in the isolated bacteria. In this study, 20 % of chronic maxillary sinusitis cases were associated with a dental origin, and sinus lift procedures were the main aetiological factor. Our microbiological findings showed that all specimens from chronic maxillary sinusitis were polymicrobial. Sixty aerobes and 75 anaerobes were recovered from the 47 cases of non-odontogenic sinusitis (2.9 bacteria per specimen); 15 aerobes and 25 anaerobes were isolated from the 12 patients with odontogenic sinusitis (3.3 bacteria per specimen). The predominant aerobes were Staphylococcus aureus (27) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (16), while the more frequent anaerobes were Peptostreptococcus species (31) and Prevotella species (30). Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis were absent in sinusitis associated with a dental origin. Overall, 22 % of Staphylococcus aureus isolates were oxacillin-resistant, and 75 % of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates were penicillin-resistant and/or erythromycin-resistant; 21 % of anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria were penicillin-resistant, and 44 % of anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria were β-lactamase-positive. Vancomycin and quinopristin-dalfopristin had the highest in vitro activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus species, respectively; amoxicillin-clavulanate and cefotaxime showed the highest in vitro activity against aerobic Gram-negative bacteria; and moxifloxacin, metronidazole and clindamycin were the most active against anaerobic bacteria.

  5. Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis Associated with an Unusual Foreign Body: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunus Feyyat Şahin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Foreign bodies in maxillary sinuses are unusual clinical conditions, and they can cause chronic sinusitis by mucosal irritation. Most cases of foreign bodies in maxillary sinus are related to iatrogenic dental manipulation and only a few cases with non-dental origin are reported. Oroantral fistulas secondary to dental procedures are the most common way of insertion. Treatment is surgical removal of the foreign body either endoscopically or with a combined approach, with Caldwell-Luc procedure if endoscopic approach is inadequate for visualisation. In this case, we present a 24-year-old male patient with unilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis due to a wooden toothpick in left maxillary sinus. The patient had a history of upper second premolar tooth extraction. CT scan revealed sinus opacification with presence of a foreign body in left maxillary sinus extending from the floor of the sinus to the orbital base. The foreign body, a wooden toothpick, was removed with Caldwell-Luc procedure since it was impossible to remove the toothpick endoscopically. There was no obvious oroantral fistula in the time of surgery, but the position of the toothpick made us to think that it was inserted through a previously healed fistula, willingly or accidentally.

  6. Endoscopic sinus surgery in individuals with facial pain due to chronic maxillary sinusitis ? a functional controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Sanges

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To measure the intra-sinus pressure and the maxillary sinus functional efficiency (MSFE in individuals with chronic facial pain after conservative or conventional endoscopic maxillary surgery, as well as in controls. Method: Sinus manometry was performed 5 times during inhalation. Results: The resemblance of pressure values comparing those treated with minimally invasive surgery and controls was remarkable, while traditional surgery significantly decreased intrasinusal pressures. The MSFE was 100% in the three tested times for controls, close to that in those submitted to minimally invasive surgery (98.3%, 98.8%, and 98.0% and significantly impaired after conventional surgery (48.8%, 52.1%, 48.5 %, p<0.01. All patients submitted to minimally invasive surgery remained pain-free after three months of surgery, relative to 46.7% of the submitted to conventional surgery (p<0.05. Conclusion: Minimally invasive sinus surgery is associated with functionality of the chambers that resemble what is found in normal individuals.

  7. Airborne Fungi in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients Maxillary Sinus Lavage at Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iriana Maharani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis has a significant impact on the quality of life and health of adult population. Role of airborne fungi remains a controversy and have become the source of discussion for decades. Objective to know the prevalence of airborne fungi in the chronic rhinosinusitis with or without polyps patients and to know the possible effect of airborne fungi on chronic rhinosinusitis inflammation. Methods: This is a cross sectional research in the Saiful Anwar Public Hospital Malang, there were 29 patients involved. We examine fungi culture, H&E staining and DNA fungi by using PCR from sinus lavage sample. From the blood serum we examine allergen specific IgE, IgG3, IL-13 and IL-5. Results: Fungi culture there were 31,03 % of sample growth but only matches the PCR result in 3 samples (10,34 %. From PCR examinations we found all sample were positive with 2-5 species fungi, Alternaria alternata was found positive in 24,13% samples. There was an increment of IgE allergen specific and IL-5, a decrement of IL-13 and IgG3 in all of our samples regardless presence of nasal polyps and species of fungi found in PCR. Conclusions: PCR is a more reliable method compare to fungal culture. The presence of fungi in all of our samples could indicate fungi contribution to the disease pathophysiology. The increased level of Il-5 was not followed by IL-13; it may happen through PRR pathway. 

  8. P. aeruginosa in the paranasal sinuses and transplanted lungs have similar adaptive mutations as isolates from chronically infected CF lungs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciofu, Oana; Johansen, Helle Krogh; Aanaes, Kasper;

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells are present as biofilms in the paranasal sinuses and the lungs of chronically infected cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Since different inflammatory responses and selective antibiotic pressures are acting in the sinuses compared with the lungs, we compared......-lung transplantation isolates. RESULTS: The same phenotypes caused by similar mutations and similar gene expression profiles were found in mucoid and non-mucoid isolates from the paranasal sinuses and from the lungs before and after transplantation. CONCLUSION: Bilateral exchange of P. aeruginosa isolates between...... the paranasal sinuses and the lungs occurs in chronically infected patients and extensive sinus surgery before the lung transplantation might prevent infection of the new lung....

  9. The usage of Strelnikova's breathing exercises a chronic disease of the sinus paranasalis

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    Dikiy B.V.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available It is analysed that using in treatment of the chronic diseases sinus paranasalis of the procedure of the washing to nose cavity on system Yoga brings about defogging from viscous, thick, rack slime, liquidations of the stagnant phenomena's in nose cavity. Using the respiratory athletics Strelinikovoy does simple not traumatic drainage of the sinus paranasalis that brings about natural defogging nose cavity to account of the evacuations secret of the sinus paranasalis. Thereby, using in physical rehabilitation and recovery of the procedure of the washing to nose cavity for system Yoga with respiratory athletics Strelinikovoy enables significantly improves the condition of children in a dispensary condition.

  10. 真菌性鼻窦炎的CT影像特征及临床价值%Fungal Sinusitis CT Imaging Features and Clinical Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓波; 赵桐; 陈孝柏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the computed tomographic characteristics of fungal sinusitis,and the value in clinical diagnosis. Methods Computed tomographic date of 56 cases of fungal sinusitis confirmed by operation and pathology were analyzed. Results There are 55 cases of unilateral single sinusitis and 1 case of bilateral single sinusitis.The most commonly infected sinus was maxil ary sinus,fol owed by sphenoid sinus and ethmoid sinus.Soft tissue images were presented in al the infected sinuses of al cases,including bubbles、blob-shaped article or tape or gravel sample calicification. Part of the sinus cavity expansion ,sinus wal bone hyperplasia sclerosis,lesions of maxil ary sinus mouth jam or wal inside sinus bone hyperplasia sclerosis or damage. Conclusion CT scan is very important to fungal sinusitis diagnosis,also can give direction to functional endoscopic sinus surgery.%目的探讨真菌性鼻窦炎的CT影像特征及其临床价值。方法回顾性分析56例经手术和病理证实的真菌性鼻窦炎的 CT征象。结果55例单侧单窦发病,1例双侧单窦发病;以上颌窦最多见,其次是蝶窦、筛窦;病变鼻窦内充满软组织密度影,其内可见气泡、点状、条带状、沙砾样钙化;部分窦腔扩大,窦壁骨质增生硬化,病变上颌窦口阻塞或内侧壁骨质吸收破坏。结论 CT对真菌性鼻窦炎诊断有重要价值,对功能性内窥镜手术有一定指导意义。

  11. Acute sinusitis and blindness as the first presentation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, K H; Thomas, G; van Beers, E J; Hosman, A E; Mourits, M P; van Noesel, C J M; Kater, A P; Reinartz, S M

    2014-12-01

    Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the most frequent form of leukaemia among adults in the Western world, presenting at a median age of 65 years. The diagnosis is usually made incidentally during routine blood examination while the disease is still in its early phase. We report a case of blindness of 24 hours due to acute sinusitis based on CLL localisation in a patient with undiagnosed CLL. Emergency endoscopic sinus surgery and intra- and extra-ocular orbital decompression were performed. The sinusitis resolved after surgery and intravenous antibiotics. Her vision improved within 24 hours and eventually recovered completely after six months. Her CLL remained in an indolent state, needing no active treatment. This case illustrates that blindness from a lymphoproliferative disorder may be treated with emergency endoscopic sinus surgery instead of conventional chemotherapy in order to salvage the vision first, even if the vision is lost for more than 24 hours.

  12. Endoscopic sinus surgery in chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Satish; Dutta, Angshuman; Rajagopalan, Ramakrishnan; Nambiar, Sapna

    2011-01-01

    Nasal polyposis are common presentations in patients of chronic rhinosinusitis and are considered to be associated with more severe forms of disease with poor treatment outcome. The presentation and treatment outcome after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients of chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis have been analysed in this study. A prospective analysis of 90 patients of chronic rhinosinusitis who were classified into two groups depending on presence and absence of nasal polyps was performed in the study. The two groups were evaluated using subjective (patient complaints) and objective (computed tomography scan and endoscopy scores) criteria. Preoperative data were compared with data obtained 12 months post endoscopic sinus surgery. The study included 38 patients of chronic rhinosinusitis and 52 patients of nasal polyps. The patients of nasal polyp group presented with increased severity of symptoms of nasal blockage, nasal discharge and reduced sense of smell as compared to the chronic rhinosinusitis group who had significantly higher presentation of headache and facial pain. The preoperative CT scan revealed significantly higher bilateral disease with increased involvement of multiple sinuses in nasal polyp group. Post endoscopic sinus surgery both the groups showed significant improvement in their symptoms with the nasal polyp group demonstrating reduction in improvement on 1 year follow up. In our study we have found the patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyp have varied severity of symptoms with the nasal polyp group having higher nasal symptoms and increased severity as compared to chronic rhinosinusitis group. Though the universal rationale of management by adequate drainage and ventilation of sinus is similar in both groups, there is a reduction in both objective and subjective scores during 1 year follow up in the nasal polyp group.

  13. KARTAGENER SYNDROME: A TRIAD OF CHRONIC SINUSITIS, BRONCHIECTASIS AND SITUSINVERSUS

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    Arvinder

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Kartagener syndrome is an autosomal recessive disor der with a triad of bronchiectasis, recurrent episodes of sinusitis and situs inversus in early life, with reduced fertility in the later part of life. It is a rare ge netic disorder of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD with an estimated incidence of 1: 20,000 to 30,000. Here we present an 11 year old male child who presented with bronchiectasis, recurrent episodes of sinusitis and situs inversus which fits into the triad of Kartagener syndrome. Early diagno sis and treatment of this syndrome is important to prevent the deterioration of the lung f unction and the morbidity caused due to severe intractable upper and lower respiratory tract infections

  14. Chronic Ulceration and Sinus Formation due to Foreign Body

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Karin Birgitte; Gottrup, Finn

    2015-01-01

    Foreign bodies like residues of suture or mesh may lead to a foreign body reaction, cavity formation and continuous secretion and perhaps ulceration. We present a more than 9 years long medical record of a 49 year old man after a simple surgical procedure. The background was a sinus formation gen...... in these cases. The knowledge of the foreign body reaction in tissue continuously needs to be reestablished in the health care system especially in areas, where implantation of foreign material is used....

  15. Degradation of fungal DNA in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sinus fungal balls hampers reliable sequence-based identification of fungi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabaret, Odile; Toussain, Guillaume; Abermil, Nassera; Alsamad, Issam Abd; Botterel, Françoise; Costa, Jean-Marc; Papon, Jean-François; Bretagne, Stéphane

    2011-04-01

    Identification of the etiologic agent responsible for sinus fungal ball (SFB) is rarely obtained due to either the culture of patient specimens not being ordered or if cultures were inoculated they proved to be negative. Obviously, this has a significant impact on the design of appropriate therapeutic strategies. We investigated whether paraffin-embedded (PE) tissues, the only materials often available, were suitable for the correct identification of the responsible fungi. We obtained PE tissues of SFB from 16 different patients who had risk factors for invasive fungal infections. DNA was extracted using an automated extractor and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequenced following amplification with two sets of primers designed to amplify >300 bp fragments. This was attempted in parallel with a real-time quantitative PCR assay targeting Aspergillus spp. mitochondrial DNA designed to amplify <150 bp fragments. ITS sequencing succeeded in appropriately identifying the etiologic agents in 10 of the 16 samples (nine Aspergillus fumigatus, one Lewia spp.). In contrast, the <150 bp PCR assay amplified all specimens correctly except the one involving Lewia spp. If fungal identification is warranted to understand the pathophysiology of SFB and guide clinicians, we cannot rely only on ITS sequencing of the DNA obtained from PE tissues. The main reason is probably due to the fact that formalin prevents amplification of long DNA fragments and consequently, frozen or fresh tissues should be employed.

  16. A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF FUNGAL INFECTIONS IN CHRONICALLY DISCHARGING EARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujatha

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM is a disease of multiple aetiology and well known for its persis tence and recurrence inspite of treatment and are the bearbug of otologist, paediatrician and general practitioner. One of the reason s for the refractoriness to treatment and chronicity is coexist ing fungal infection of the ear. OBJECTIVES: Are to find out the prevalence of fungal infections in chronic discharging ears and to identify and isolate the type of fungus prevalent in these ears . MATERIALS AND METHOD S: Tertiary care hospital level descrip tive study was conducted in 50 cases of CSOM with actively discharging ears for a period of one year starting from February 2013. For all the cases aural swabs were collected from the diseased ear and were used for direct microscopic examination in potassi um hydroxide wet mount. Ear swab was cultured on Sabouraud’s dextrose agar plate for fungal cultures. The patient characteristics were prospectively recorded and results were analysed. CONCLUSION : There is high prevalence of coexisting fungal infection in actively discharging ears of CSOM patients

  17. 鼻内窥镜手术治疗非侵袭性真性上颌窦炎的疗效观察%Curative effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on treatment of non-invasive fungal maxillary sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段宗瑾

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery on the treatment of non-invasive fangal the maxillary sinusitis. Methods 21 patients with non-invasive fungal maxillary sinusitis patients were given endoscopic sinus surgery. Completely remove of the nasal cavity and sinus disease, fully open, washing si-nusos and give nasal endoscopy on a regular fine. Results Follow-up of 6 months to 4 years,18 cases of cure,1 case of loss of information. 2 case of relapse. Cases of recurrence were cured by endoscopic sinus dressing. Conclusion Endoseopie sinus surgery is an effective measure on trentment of non-invasive fungal maxillary sinuses.%目的 探讨鼻内窥镜手术在治疗非侵袭性真菌性上颌窦炎的临床疗效.方法 对21例非侵袭性真菌性上颌窦炎患者行鼻内窥镜手术.彻底清除鼻腔、鼻窦病灶,充分开放、冲洗鼻窦,并定期行鼻内窥镜检查.结果 随访6个月至4年,治愈18例,失访1例,复发2例.复发病例经鼻内窥镜换药后治愈.结论 鼻内窥镜手术是治疗非侵袭性真菌性上颌窦炎的有效手段.

  18. Fungal natural products targeting chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bladt, Tanja Thorskov; Kildgaard, Sara; Knudsen, Peter Boldsen

    2012-01-01

    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia in adults from the western world. No curative treatments of CLL are presently known so the treatment strategy today is primarily to prolong patient survival,1 why we have initiated new activities towards discovery of novel compounds w...

  19. [A case of acute intracranial epidural hematoma caused by chronic nasal sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kihara, Kazunori; Sato, Motoki; Kado, Ken; Fukuda, Kazumasa; Nakamura, Takao; Yamakami, Iwao

    2015-01-01

    Non-traumatic intracranial acute epidural hematoma(EDH)is rare. It is mostly caused by coagulation disorders, dural metastasis, or vascular malformations of the dura. We report a case of non-traumatic acute EDH caused by chronic nasal sinusitis and review the literature comprising 10 cases of acute EDH caused by chronic nasal sinusitis. A 16-year-old boy visited our outpatient clinic with a 2-day history of severe headache. He did not have fever or neurological abnormalities and showed no evidence of head trauma. Cranial computed tomography(CT)revealed sphenoid sinusitis and a small amount of epidural air in the middle fossa, but no other intracranial abnormalities. After eight days with no subsequent history of trauma, radiological exams showed a massive acute epidural hematoma in the left middle fossa and temporal convexity without any vascular lesion or skull fracture. The patient underwent a hematoma evacuation that revealed neither a skull fracture nor a vascular abnormality. In this adolescent, chronic nasal sinusitis caused fragility of the meningeal artery wall, an air collection in the epidural space, and the detachment of the dura mater from the inner surface of the skull, thereby resulting in a non-traumatic acute EDH.

  20. Extensive complex odontoma in the maxillary sinus pushing 3rd molar near the orbital floor causing transient diplopia and chronic sinusitis: a rare presentation and surgical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Monika; Das, Debdutta

    2015-03-01

    Odontoma is a mixed odontogenic hamartoma involving both epithelial and mesenchymal tissues. If left untreated, it can lead to complications in certain conditions. Here is a rare presentation of an extensive complex odontoma in maxillary sinus pushing third molar near the orbital floor causing transient diplopia in upward gaze occasionally and chronic sinusitis. Although odontomata are not uncommon and are familiar to practitioners, but some aggressive cases may cause problematic sequelae. Even postoperative complications may result if oral surgeons are not aware of the potential pitfalls associated with the surgical removal of large maxillary antrum odontomata. This article reports a rare presentation which can be considered unique because when obstruction of sinus drainage is evident, serious complications such as orbital infections, epidural and subdural empyema, meningitis, cerebritis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, brain abscess and death can occur. It also addresses points and pitfalls concerning surgery to remove odontoma.

  1. Role of Chronic Polypous Rhinosinusitis in Contraction of Cancer of Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Yu. Vereshchagin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing number of patients with malignant tumors of nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Majority of patients with this pathology are hospitalized with III-IV cancer stages. There is no tendency to decrease the advanced stage of cancer. The efficiency of patients’ treatment can be increased by early diagnostics. The main reason of delayed diagnostics is insufficient oncologic alarm in primary health care. While the background prodromic cancer processes are morphologically detected in 56.7 % of patients, the issues of treatment policy during cavity and paranasal sinuses premalignancy are still unsettled. Chronic polypous rhinosinusitis is one of the most frequent background process of cancer of nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Rhinosinusitis morbidity is high; the growth of its incidence is 2–4 % per year in the last decade. There are few works, considering polypous rhinosinusitis as premalignant condition.

  2. Airflow in the Human Nasal Passage and Sinuses of Chronic Rhinosinusitis Subjects.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haribalan Kumar

    Full Text Available Endoscopic surgery is performed on patients with chronic inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses to improve sinus ventilation. Little is known about how sinus surgery affects sinonasal airflow. In this study nasal passage geometry was reconstructed from computed tomographic imaging from healthy normal, pre-operative, and post-operative subjects. Transient air flow through the nasal passage during calm breathing was simulated. Subject-specific differences in ventilation of the nasal passage were observed. Velocity magnitude at ostium was different between left and right airway. In FESS, airflow in post-surgical subjects, airflow at the maxillary sinus ostium was upto ten times higher during inspiration. In a Lothrop procedure, airflow at the frontal sinus ostium can be upto four times higher during inspiration. In both post-operative subjects, airflow at ostium was not quasi-steady. The subject-specific effect (of surgery on sinonasal interaction evaluated through airflow simulations may have important consequences for pre- and post-surgical assessment and surgical planning, and design for improvement of the delivery efficiency of nasal therapeutics.

  3. S-Shaped Wide Excision with Primary Closure for Extensive Chronic Pilonidal Sinus Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerem Karaman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The management of complex pilonidal sinus disease (PSD with multiple pits on and beside the natal cleft is variable, contentious, and problematic. Wide excision of the sinus and reconstruction of the defect using different flap techniques have become more popular in recent years. Case Report. We report a case with a complex chronic PSD to which we applied primary closure after S-shaped wide excision. The patient’s postoperative course was uneventful, and at the end of one-year followup he is now disease-free and comes for routine checkups. Conclusion. The simplicity of the technique and the promising results support the applicability of the S-shaped wide excision in chronic bilaterally extended large PSDs. Further studies entailing large patient populations are needed to reach a definite conclusion.

  4. Significance of CT Examination in the Diagnosis of Fungal Sinusitis%CT检查在真菌性鼻窦炎术前诊断的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁伟; 吴延平; 石栋梁; 习国平

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the CT in fungal sinusitis preoperative diagnosis significance.MethodsTo diagnosis of the CT results about the 123 cases of patients with FS.Results The CT diagnosis accurate rate of 89.43%(110/123),The incidence rate, the density of the lesions, the rate of calcification, bone destruction and bone hyperplasia were higher than that of the non fungal sinusitis,and the difference was statisticaly significant (P< 0.05);macula densa,calcification,single sinus disease into fungal sinusitis were independent risk factors.Conclusion In patients with FC of preoperative CT examination can guide the surgical path to develop.%目的:评价CT检查在真菌性鼻窦炎(fungal sinusitis,FS)术前诊断的意义。方法对123例FS患者的CT诊断结果进行回顾性分析。结果 CT诊断准确准确率89.43%(110/123);菌性鼻窦炎组单窦发病率、致密影率、钙化灶率、骨质破坏率、骨质增生率高于非真菌性鼻窦炎,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);致密斑、钙化灶、单窦发病成为真菌性鼻窦炎独立危险因素。结论对FC患者进行术前CT检查可指导手术路径拟定。

  5. Sinonasal carcinoma presenting as chronic sinusitis and sequential bilateral visual loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Yu Chiang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma-related rhinogenic optic neuropathy is rare and may lead to visual loss. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of bilateral sequential visual loss induced by this etiology. It is important to differentiate between chronic sinusitis and malignancy on the basis of specific findings on magnetic resonance images. Surgical decompression with multidisciplinary therapy, including steroids, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, is indicated. However, no visual improvement was noted in this case, emphasizing the rapid disease progression and importance of early diagnosis and treatment.

  6. Evolution and diversification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the paranasal sinuses of cystic fibrosis children have implications for chronic lung infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Susse Kirkelund; Rau, Martin Holm; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2012-01-01

    The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a frequent colonizer of the airways of patients suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF). Depending on early treatment regimens, the colonization will, with high probability, develop into chronic infections sooner or later, and it is important to es...... sinuses potentially constitute a protected niche of adapted clones of P. aeruginosa, which can intermittently seed the lungs and pave the way for subsequent chronic lung infections....... and evolution take place in the sinuses. Importantly, before the onset of chronic lung infection, lineages with mutations conferring a large fitness benefit in CF airways such as mucA and lasR as well as small colony variants and antibiotic-resistant clones are part of the sinus populations. Thus, the paranasal...

  7. Clinical Efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis%鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎的临床疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向孝军

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis treatment.Methods 50 patients with chronic sinusitis selected from January 2013 to December 2014 in our hospital, these 50 cases were treated with endoscopic sinus surgery.Results Endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis, surgery time, shorter postoperative hospital stay, treatment of high efficiency, low rate of complications and recurrence, and can improve the quality of life of patients.Conclusion The clinical efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis significantly, can be clinical.%目的:探讨鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎的临床疗效。方法:选自2013年1月至2014年12月我院收治的慢性鼻窦炎患者50例,对这50例患者采用鼻内镜手术治疗。结果:采用鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎手术时间、术后住院时间较短,治疗的有效率高,并发症及复发率低,且能够提高患者的生活质量。结论:鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎的临床疗效显著,可进行临床推广。

  8. An unusual foreign body as cause of chronic sinusitis: a case report

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    Dinerman Harry

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The presence of a foreign body in the nose is a relatively uncommon occurrence. Many unusual foreign bodies in the nose have been reported in the literature, but no case of a nasal packing occurring as a foreign body in the nasal cavity for a prolonged time has been found. Case presentation We describe a unique case of the largest foreign body left in situ in the nasal cavity for over 10 years. Our patient was a 71-year-old Caucasian man with diabetes. Because of this, he was at high risk of developing complications from the foreign body and the chronic sinusitis. Amazingly, though, the foreign body had not caused any symptoms on our patient for many years, except for nasal discharge during the last few years. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in the literature of such a large intra-nasal foreign body described in an adult without mental illness and without trauma that remained in situ for such a long time. Conclusion Undoubtedly, even illnesses with no complications could prove difficult for clinicians to diagnose. Clinicians should recognize the underlying causes that are responsible for the symptoms of chronic sinusitis and a unilateral nasal discharge should be assumed to be caused by an intra-nasal foreign body until proven otherwise.

  9. Outcome of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in the Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, T; Alam, M M; Ahmed, S; Karim, M A; Rahman, M; Wahiduzzaman, M

    2016-04-01

    This prospective study was conducted to compare the outcome of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) using SNOT-20 score chart (subjective) and Lund & Kennedy scoring chart (objective) and carried out in the Department of Otolaryngology & Head-Neck Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) & Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital (ShSMCH) from July 2010 to March 2012. Total 73 admitted cases were selected purposively for ESS, male 53(72.60%) and female 20(27.40%). Among the study participants 10(13.7%) had chronic rhinosinusitis with bilateral polyposis and 26(35.62%) had chronic rhinosinusitis with unilateral polyposis and 12(16.44%) had bilateral chronic rhinosinusitis without polyposis and 25(34.25%) had unilateral chronic rhinosinusitis without polyposis. Surgical procedures done among the patients were Uncinectomy (infundibulectomy), Middle Meatal Antrostomy; Anterior Ethmoidectomy; Sphenoidotomy, Associated septoplasty and no significant per or post operative complications were noted. In Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with polyposis pre operative SNOT-20 mean and SD 1.322±0.341 and post ESS snot-20 mean and SD 0.3472±0.0755, CRS without polyposis pre operative SNOT-20 mean and SD 0.9297±0.86 and post ESS SNOT-20 mean and SD 1986±0.0558. In CRS with polyposis pre operative Lund & Kennedy score of endoscopic assessment, mean and SD 5.333±2.255 and post ESS mean and SD 1.31±1.009. In CRS without polyposis pre op Lund & Kennedy score mean and SD 3.108±1.074 and post ESS mean and SD 0.76±0.641.Post ESS SNOT-20 in CRS with Polyposis, 't' test result was 27.58 which was significant (ptreatment of CRS with or without polyposis had statistically significant role. Symptomatic relief and quality of life improvement after ESS was compared by improvement in post operative scores of SNOT-20 & Lund-Kennedy score of endoscopic assessment. Post operative lower values were considered to be better improvement

  10. Comparative study between original and traditional method in establishing a chronic sinus node damage model in rabbit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ru-xiu; Wang, Yan-li; Li, Hui-bo; Wang, Ni-na; Bao, Mei-jing; Xu, Li-ya

    2012-12-01

    Sick Sinus Syndrome is a common and refractory arrhythmia, needing further study in which setting up a credible sinus node damage model is important. To explore the feasibility and superiority of an original formaldehyde pinpoint pressing permeation (FPPP) method for building a chronic sinus node damage (CSND) model, 5 rabbits were chosen from 35 as a sham-operation group, and the remaining were randomly divided into two groups: the formaldehyde wet compressing (FWC) group, in which models were established by applying a cotton bud dipped in 20% formaldehyde onto the sinus node (SN) area, and the FPPP group, in which models were established by injecting formaldehyde into the SN area through a self-made pinpointing and injecting electrode. We found that in both groups, the HR at 2 h, 24 h, 1 wk, and 2 wk after modeling decreased compared with premodeling; sinoatrial conduction time, sinus node recovery time, and corrected sinus node recovery time were prolonged compared with premodeling. The indexes mentioned shortened by 2 wk after modeling compared with 2 h in the FWC group, whereas they were stable after modeling in the FPPP group. The modeling achievement ratio in the FPPP group was higher and the death rate was lower. Under light microscope, paraffin sections of the SN tissue and cells showed severe injury in both groups. The results indicate that the CSND models in rabbits can be successfully established by the FPPP method, with higher achievement ratio, lower death rate, better stabilization effect, and less damaging comparing with the traditional method.

  11. The Effect of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients With Concurrent Asthma

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    Taheri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS and asthma are among the most important health-related conditions with evident socio-economic effects. The relationship between asthma and CRS has been considered in medical references for centuries. Previous studies have shown that treatment interventions targeting disease in one part of the airway are effective for general asthma management. However, the effect of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS in CRS patients with concurrent asthma remains controversial. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effects of ESS on improvement of asthma in CRS patients with concurrent asthma. Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of ESS on asthma in CRS patients. Methods Twenty-five CRS patients with asthma who met our inclusion criteria after taking a complete history underwent physical examination and diagnostic nasal endoscopy, and the asthma control test (ACT questionnaire was administered to them. Six months after ESS, the patients’ asthma was again assessed using the ACT questionnaire. Results Overall, the mean ACT score significantly increased from 12.56 at the baseline to 20.71 after a six-month follow up period (0.001. Conclusions Given the remarkable improvement in asthma control levels, ESS can be considered a useful method for treating CRS patients suffering from asthma.

  12. Skull thickening, paranasal sinus expansion, and sella turcica shrinkage from chronic intracranial hypotension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Michael K; Parsa, Andrew T; Horton, Jonathan C

    2013-06-01

    In children or young adults, the morphology of the skull can be altered by excessive drainage of CSF following placement of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. In Sunken Eyes, Sagging Brain Syndrome, gradual enlargement of the orbital cavity occurs from low or negative intracranial pressure (ICP), leading to progressive bilateral enophthalmos. The authors report several heretofore unrecognized manifestations of this syndrome, which developed in a 29-year-old man with a history of VP shunt placement following a traumatic brain injury at the age of 9 years. Magnetic resonance imaging showed typical features of chronic intracranial hypotension, and lumbar puncture yielded an unrecordable subarachnoid opening pressure. The calvaria was twice its normal thickness, owing to contraction of the inner table. The paranasal sinuses were expanded, with aeration of the anterior clinoid processes, greater sphenoid wings, and temporal bones. The sella turcica showed a 50% reduction in cross-sectional area as compared with that in control subjects, resulting in partial extrusion of the pituitary gland. These new features broaden the spectrum of clinical findings associated with low ICP. Secondary installation of a valve to restore normal ICP is recommended to halt progression of these rare complications of VP shunt placement.

  13. Incidence of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms in patients with refractory chronic sinusitis upon clinical treatment

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    Oliveira, Marcela Schmidt B. de

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS is a pathology that has structural and histological alterations. The association between CRS and the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD has been widely discussed in the last years. For this relationship to be confirmed, it is necessary to find evidences that the patients with CRS present a major incidence of GERD, that the physiopathology of both diseases explains the association between them and that the GERD treatment cures or improves the CRS' symptoms. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of GERD in patients with CRS and a level of improvement of the nasosinusal disease symptoms after treatment with protons pump inhibitors. Methods: Retrospective study with 30 patients with CRS refractory to the clinical treatment and/or nasal cavity polypoid pathology with indication of the paranasal sinuses functional endoscopic surgery. We applied a questionnaire for evaluation of the symptomatology and previous treatment for gastroesophageal reflux. The data were submitted to statistical analysis by the Chi-Square test or Fisher's exact test with a significance of 5%. Results: Out of the patients with GERD, 33% had an improvement of the CRS' symptomatology with medications for treatment of the gastric pathology. Conclusion: It is not possible yet to state that the GER is a factor responsible for the CRS and it must be researched as a cofactor or eliciting factor when there is not other evident etiology. However, there are plausible biological mechanisms for such association.

  14. [Maxillary sinus hypoplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaza, G; Ferrando, J; Martel, J; Toledano, A; de los Santos, G

    2001-03-01

    Maxillary sinus hypoplasia is rare, with an estimated prevalence of 1-5%. Out of the CT scans performed in sinusal patients between March 1998 and June 1999, we report on 4 isolated maxillary sinus hypoplasia, 4 maxillary sinus hypoplasia associated to concha bullosa, and 10 isolated conchae bullosas. All cases were evaluated by nasosinusal endoscopy and CT scan. Size, location and uni/bilateral presentation of concha bullosa is correlated to maxillary sinus hypoplasia presence, specially with regards to uncinate process presence, medial or lateral retraction. The pathogenesis of maxillary sinus hypoplasia is reviewed, and its relation to concha bullosa, evaluating how this could explain some cases of the so called chronic maxillary sinus atelectasia, as an acquired and progressive variant of maxillary sinus hypoplasia in adults.

  15. Clinical Efficacy of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Fungal Sinusitis%鼻窦内窥镜手术治疗真菌性鼻窦炎的临床疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宇峰

    2015-01-01

    目的:探究临床上使用鼻窦内窥镜用于真菌性的鼻窦炎(NIFS)的手术治疗的疗效。方法随机选取我院2012年3月~2015年3月份的80例 NIFS 患者,对其临床的病症以及体征进行回顾性的调查分析。将患者在局部麻醉的条件下采用 Messerklinger 方式进行鼻内镜手术。结果本研究中的80例患者,最终都康复出院。对其进行定期随访,随访时间在0.5~3年。随访过程中,发现患者的鼻道以及上颌窦口很通畅,鼻黏膜正常,在患者的鼻窦中大部分没有发现真菌性质的块状物质,也没有异常的鼻腔分泌物;有2例患者复发再次入院治疗后康复。复发率为2.5%。结论对患者使用 CT 检查,然后行鼻窦内窥镜的手术疗法,有利于对患者的鼻窦炎做出准确的诊断,但临床上的确诊还需借助病理学的进一步检查;对于 NIFS 的治疗,采取鼻内窥镜的手术疗法是首选。%Objective To explore the clinical use of endoscopic sinus for fungal sinusitis (NIFS) the efficacy of surgical treatment. Methods In March 2012 to March 2015, 80 cases of patients NIFS were randomly selected in our hospital, the investigation analyzed retrospectively the clinical signs of the disease as well. The patient under local anesthesia in surgery, the use of endoscopic surgery Messerklinger way. Results In this study, 80 patients were eventually discharged. Its regular follow-up, follow-up time of 0.5 to 3 years. During follow-up, patients with maxillary sinus and nasal passages are clear, 2 patients relapse rehabilitation after hospitalization. The recurrence rate was 2.5%. Conclusion NIFS patients for CT examination, then underwent endoscopic sinus surgery therapy is beneficial for patients with sinusitis make an accurate diagnosis, but the diagnosis of clinical pathology needs further examination of the aid, for NIFS treatment, take endoscopic sinus surgery is the preferred treatment.

  16. 非侵袭型真菌性鼻窦炎误诊误治探讨%Misdiagnosis Analysis of Non-Invasive Fungal Rhino-Sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀瑜; 黄健

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析非侵袭性真菌性鼻窦炎(noninvasive fungal rhino-sinusitis,NIFS)误诊的原因并提出防范措施.方法 对我院1例NIFS误诊误治的临床资料进行回顾性分析.结果 患者因反复发作鼻痒、喷嚏、流大量清涕在外院长期误诊为变应性鼻炎,结合鼻窦CT检查考虑NIFS,行鼻内窥镜手术治疗,术后病理检查明确诊断为NIFS并抗真菌治疗.随访5年未复发.结论 NIFS误诊的主要原因是临床表现不典型及临床医师先人为主的思维方式.提示出现疑似本病症状时,应详细询问病史、仔细查体并选择必要的医技检查,以及时诊断和治疗.%Objective To analyze the causes of misdiagnosis of noninvasive fungal rhino-sinusitis( N1FS) and propose preventive measures. Methods The clinical data of a patient with NIFS misdiagnosed in our hospital was retrospectively analyzed. Results The patient was misdiagnosed as having allergic rhinitis for having recurrent attacked rhinocnesmus, sneeze, and mass snot. Combined with paranasal sinuses CT detection, the patient was considered as having NIFS, and underwent endoscopic surgery. Pathology result confirmed the diagnosis of NIFS, and the patient received anti-fungi treatment without recurrence during a 5-year follow-up. Conclusion Misdiagnosis of NIFS is mainly due to atypical clinical manifestations and preconceived way of thinking by physicians. When the patient presents suspected symptoms of NIFS, the disease history should be collected thoroughly, and physical examination should be performed carefully for the purpose of timely diagnosis and treatment.

  17. Allergic Fungal Rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyt, Alice E W; Borish, Larry; Gurrola, José; Payne, Spencer

    2016-01-01

    This article reviews the history of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis and the clinical, pathologic, and radiographic criteria necessary to establish its diagnosis and differentiate this disease from other types of chronic rhinosinusitis. Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis is a noninvasive fungal form of sinus inflammation characterized by an often times unilateral, expansile process in which the typical allergic "peanut-butter-like" mucin contributes to the formation of nasal polyps, hyposmia/anosmia, and structural changes of the face. IgE sensitization to fungi is a necessary, but not sufficient, pathophysiologic component of the disease process that is also defined by microscopic visualization of mucin-containing fungus and characteristic radiological imaging. This article expounds on these details and others including the key clinical and scientific distinctions of this diagnosis, the pathophysiologic mechanisms beyond IgE-mediated hypersensitivity that must be at play, and areas of current and future research.

  18. 真菌性上颌窦炎术后氟康唑冲洗疗效研究%Fluconazole flushing effect of fungal maxillary sinusitis surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴延平; 崔顺九; 吴琼芳; 袁伟

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究真菌性上颌窦炎术后氟康唑冲洗疗效;方法:选择2011年7月~2013年6月在我院接受手术治疗的真菌性上颌窦炎108例,所有患者均经 CT 或病理检查确诊。将所有患者按照掷骰子发分为氟康唑组与对照组,氟康唑组68例,对照组40例,两组患者一般资料比较,具有可比性。所有患者均行鼻内镜手术治疗,氟康唑组以氟康唑注射液反复冲洗窦腔,对照组以生理盐水反复冲洗鼻腔。观察统计两组患者临床疗效、上颌窦腔上皮化时间、第4次冲洗前以及术腔上皮化之后上颌窦内的杯状细胞、炎性细胞、黏膜下层腺体、间质水肿等;结果:氟康唑组术后上颌窦腔上皮化时间显著短于对照组,且氟康唑组术后30d、上皮化后炎性细胞浸润、杯状细胞增生、间质水肿、黏膜下层腺体增生发生率均显著优于对照组,氟康唑组治疗总有效率(97.06%)显著优于对照组治疗总有效率(40.00%),且具有显著统计学差异;结论:真菌性上颌窦炎术后氟康唑冲洗,能够有效清除上颌窦内的真菌,缩短术腔黏膜上皮化时间,疗效显著,值得应用于临床。%Objectivefluconazole flushing effect of fungal maxillary sinusitis postoperative; Methods 108 cases of fungal maxillary sinusitis in 2011 July - 2013 June to accept operation treatment in our hospital, all patients were diagnosed by CT or. All the patients were in accordance with the dice hair divided into fluconazole group and control group, fluconazole group 68cases, 40cases in the control group, compared two groups of patients with general information, comparable. All patients un-derwent nasal endoscopic operation treatment, fluconazole group to Fluconazole Injection repeated washing sinus cavity, the control group with saline nasal. To observe the clinical efficacy of the two groups of statistics, maxillary sinus epithelialization time, before and

  19. Volumetric study of the olfactory bulb in patients with chronic rhinonasal sinusitis using MRI

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    Reda A. Alarabawy

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: MRI with volumetric analysis is a useful tool in assessment of the olfactory bulb volume in patients with olfactory loss and appears to be of help in assessment of the degree of recovery in patients after sinus surgery.

  20. Redefining the Chronic-Wound Microbiome: Fungal Communities Are Prevalent, Dynamic, and Associated with Delayed Healing

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    Lindsay Kalan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Chronic nonhealing wounds have been heralded as a silent epidemic, causing significant morbidity and mortality especially in elderly, diabetic, and obese populations. Polymicrobial biofilms in the wound bed are hypothesized to disrupt the highly coordinated and sequential events of cutaneous healing. Both culture-dependent and -independent studies of the chronic-wound microbiome have almost exclusively focused on bacteria, omitting what we hypothesize are important fungal contributions to impaired healing and the development of complications. Here we show for the first time that fungal communities (the mycobiome in chronic wounds are predictive of healing time, associated with poor outcomes, and form mixed fungal-bacterial biofilms. We longitudinally profiled 100, nonhealing diabetic-foot ulcers with high-throughput sequencing of the pan-fungal internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1 locus, estimating that up to 80% of wounds contain fungi, whereas cultures performed in parallel captured only 5% of colonized wounds. The “mycobiome” was highly heterogeneous over time and between subjects. Fungal diversity increased with antibiotic administration and onset of a clinical complication. The proportions of the phylum Ascomycota were significantly greater (P = 0.015 at the beginning of the study in wounds that took >8 weeks to heal. Wound necrosis was distinctly associated with pathogenic fungal species, while taxa identified as allergenic filamentous fungi were associated with low levels of systemic inflammation. Directed culturing of wounds stably colonized by pathogens revealed that interkingdom biofilms formed between yeasts and coisolated bacteria. Combined, our analyses provide enhanced resolution of the mycobiome during impaired wound healing, its role in chronic disease, and impact on clinical outcomes.

  1. Dimorphic Fungal Coinfection as a Cause of Chronic Diarrhea and Pancolitis

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    Eduar A. Bravo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Histoplasma capsulatum and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis are dimorphic fungi that cause systemic mycosis mostly in tropical South America and some areas of North America. Gastrointestinal involvement is not uncommon among these fungal diseases, but coinfection has not previously been reported. We report a patient with chronic diarrhea and pancolitis caused by paracoccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis.

  2. Dimorphic fungal coinfection as a cause of chronic diarrhea and pancolitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bravo, Eduar A; Zegarra, Arturo J; Piscoya, Alejandro; Pinto, José L; de Los Rios, Raúl E; Prochazka, Ricardo A; Huerta-Mercado, Jorge L; Cok, Jaime; Tagle, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Histoplasma capsulatum and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis are dimorphic fungi that cause systemic mycosis mostly in tropical South America and some areas of North America. Gastrointestinal involvement is not uncommon among these fungal diseases, but coinfection has not previously been reported. We report a patient with chronic diarrhea and pancolitis caused by paracoccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis.

  3. Chloroquine modulates the fungal immune response in phagocytic cells from patients with chronic granulomatous disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henriet, S.S.V.; Jans, J.; Simonetti, E.R.; Kwon-Chung, K.J.; Rijs, A.J.M.M.; Hermans, P.W.M.; Holland, S.M.; Jonge, M.I. de; Warris, A.

    2013-01-01

    Invasive aspergillosis is a major threat to patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Fungal pathogenesis is the result of a diminished antifungal capacity and dysregulated inflammation. A deficient NADPH-oxidase complex results in defective phagolysosomal alkalization. To investigate the c

  4. The silent sinus syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monos, Tova; Levy, Jaime; Lifshitz, Tova; Puterman, Moshe

    2005-05-01

    Patients with silent sinus syndrome typically present for investigation of facial asymmetry. Unilateral, spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus are the prominent findings at examination. Imaging of the orbit and sinuses characteristically show unilateral maxillary sinus opacification and collapse with inferior bowing of the orbital floor. It has been suggested that SSS is due to hypoventilation of the maxillary sinus secondary to ostial obstruction and sinus atelectasis with chronic negative pressure within the sinus. Treatment involves functional endoscopic sinus surgery for reestablishing a functional drainage passage, and a reconstructive procedure of the floor of the orbit for repairing the hypoglobus and cosmetic deformity. Ophthalmologists, otorhinolaryngologists, and radiologists must be familiarized with this relatively newly reported disease.

  5. Radiological Study of Maxillary Sinus using CBCT: Relationship between Mucosal Thickening and Common Anatomic Variants in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatti, Patrizia

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Inflammatory diseases of the maxillary sinus favour the thickening of the sinus mucosa. Therefore, it might be possible to establish a radiological, pathological threshold of mucosal thickening. Furthermore, there is an association between common anatomic variants of the nose and maxillary mucosal thickening. Aim To define the pathological thickening of maxillary sinus mucosa and its association with the presence of common anatomic variants (concha bullosa, Haller’s cell and accessory maxillary ostium). Materials and Methods From March 2014 to February 2016, Two hundred patients underwent Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) of the paranasal sinus. We conducted this retrospective study of total 70 patients, 34 patients i.e., a total of 68 meatus-maxillary units (study group - those affected by Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) and another 36 patients i.e., a total of 72 meatus maxillary units (control group - without symptoms of CRS). We assessed the degree of thickening of the sinus mucosa distinguishing between ≥ 2mm or ≤ 2mm, than we analysed the behaviour of the thickness in the study group and in the control group. Chi-Square test was used to compare mucosal thickening between study and control group and the presence of some common anatomic variants or closure of maxillary ostium. Results In the study group we observed a clear association between maxillary mucosal thickening ≥ 2mm and CRS (p<0.01). We however, observed no association between the presence of common anatomic variations and thickening of the maxillary mucosa and between the presence of common anatomic variations and the study group. Instead, using a binary logistic regression, we observed a significant association (p<0.01) between closure of natural ostium of the maxillary sinus and mucosal thickening or between closure of natural ostium and study group. Conclusion We believe that a thickening of the maxillary mucosa ≥ 2mm and closure of natural maxillary ostium are

  6. Chapter 8: Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggal, Praveen; Wise, Sarah K

    2013-01-01

    Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (IFRS) is a disease of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity that typically affects immunocompromised patients in the acute fulminant form. Early symptoms can often mimic rhinosinusitis, while late symptoms can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Swelling and mucosal thickening can quickly progress to pale or necrotic tissue in the nasal cavity and sinuses, and the disease can rapidly spread and invade the palate, orbit, cavernous sinus, cranial nerves, skull base, carotid artery, and brain. IFRS can be life threatening if left undiagnosed or untreated. While the acute fulminant form of IFRS is the most rapidly progressive and destructive, granulomatous and chronic forms also exist. Diagnosis of IFRS often mandates imaging studies in conjunction with clinical, endoscopic, and histopathological examination. Treatment of IFRS consists of reversing the underlying immunosuppression, antifungal therapy, and aggressive surgical debridement. With early diagnosis and treatment, IFRS can be treated and increase patient survival.

  7. Inter-subject variability in human atrial action potential in sinus rhythm versus chronic atrial fibrillation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Sánchez

    Full Text Available Human atrial electrophysiology exhibits high inter-subject variability in both sinus rhythm (SR and chronic atrial fibrillation (cAF patients. Variability is however rarely investigated in experimental and theoretical electrophysiological studies, thus hampering the understanding of its underlying causes but also its implications in explaining differences in the response to disease and treatment. In our study, we aim at investigating the ability of populations of human atrial cell models to capture the inter-subject variability in action potential (AP recorded in 363 patients both under SR and cAF conditions.Human AP recordings in atrial trabeculae (n = 469 from SR and cAF patients were used to calibrate populations of computational SR and cAF atrial AP models. Three populations of over 2000 sampled models were generated, based on three different human atrial AP models. Experimental calibration selected populations of AP models yielding AP with morphology and duration in range with experimental recordings. Populations using the three original models can mimic variability in experimental AP in both SR and cAF, with median conductance values in SR for most ionic currents deviating less than 30% from their original peak values. All cAF populations show similar variations in G(K1, G(Kur and G(to, consistent with AF-related remodeling as reported in experiments. In all SR and cAF model populations, inter-subject variability in I(K1 and I(NaK underlies variability in APD90, variability in I(Kur, I(CaL and I(NaK modulates variability in APD50 and combined variability in Ito and I(Kur determines variability in APD20. The large variability in human atrial AP triangulation is mostly determined by I(K1 and either I(NaK or I(NaCa depending on the model.Experimentally-calibrated human atrial AP models populations mimic AP variability in SR and cAF patient recordings, and identify potential ionic determinants of inter-subject variability in human atrial AP

  8. CT诊断和鼻内窥镜手术对真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的诊治探讨%To explore the CT scanning and endoscopic sinus surgery in diagnosis and treatment of fungal rhinosinusitis.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨羿容; 朱德姝; 吴勇

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎恰当的诊断及治疗方法.方法 回顾性对2005年4月~2009年4月我科收治的35例真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的临床症状、CT表现及鼻内窥镜治疗效果分析.结果 35例真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎经鼻内窥镜下鼻窭开放手术后冲洗鼻窦治疗后随访6个月~2年,33例1次治愈,2例复发经再手术解除鼻窦口堵塞后用刮霉菌素冲洗鼻窦治疗后治愈,随访6个月无复发.结论 CT检查是诊断真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的有效检查手段,鼻内窥镜下鼻窦开放后联合制霉菌素冲洗鼻窦是治疗真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的有效方法.%Objective To study the pathological and clinicalfeatures of fungal sinusitis and its diagnosis and treatment methods. Methods The clinical symptoms, CT manifestations and treatments of fungal rhinosinusitis was analyzed retrospectively with data from 35 patients in our department between April 2005 and April 2009. All 35 patients were washed opened nasal sinus after endoscopic sinus surgery during a follow-up of 6 months to 2 years, Results among the 35 patients,33 patients had been cured. 2 had been healed after re-operation by using nystatin wash nasal sinus with 6 months of follow-up. Conclusion CT scanning is useful for the diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis. It's effective to cure the fungal rhinosinusitis with nystatin nasal sinus washouts after endoscopic sinus surgery.

  9. Ectopic third molar in the maxillary sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Mohan, Shishir; Kankariya, Hasti; Harjani, Bhupendra; Sharma, Harendra

    2011-01-01

    Ectopic eruption of teeth into a region other than the oral cavity is rare although there have been reports of teeth in the nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process, palate, chin and maxillary sinus. Occasionally, a tooth may erupt in the maxillary sinus and present with local sinonasal symptoms attributed to chronic sinusitis. We present a case of an ectopic maxillary third molar tooth that caused chronic purulent sinusitis in relation to the right maxillary sinus.

  10. Fungal rhinosinusitis: what every allergist should know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callejas, C A; Douglas, R G

    2013-08-01

    The interaction between fungi and the sinonasal tract results in a diverse range of diseases with an equally broad spectrum of clinical severity. The classification of these interactions has become complex, and this review seeks to rationalize and simplify the approach to fungal diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses. These conditions may be discussed under two major headings: non-invasive disease (localized fungal colonization, fungal ball and allergic fungal rhinosinusitis) and invasive disease (acute invasive rhinosinusitis, chronic invasive rhinosinusitis and granulomatous invasive rhinosinusitis). A diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis is established by combining findings on history, clinical examination, laboratory testing, imaging and histopathology. The immunocompetence of the patient is of great importance, as invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is uncommon in immunocompetent patients. With the exception of localized fungal colonization, treatment of all forms of fungal rhinosinusitis relies heavily on surgery. Systemic antifungal agents are a fundamental component in the treatment of invasive forms, but are not indicated for the treatment of the non-invasive forms. Antifungal drugs may have a role as adjuvant therapy in allergic fungal rhinosinusitis, but evidence is poor to support recommendations. Randomized controlled trials need to be performed to confirm the benefit of immunotherapy in the treatment of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis. In this article, we will summarize the current literature, addressing the controversies regarding the diagnosis and management of fungal rhinosinusitis, and focussing on those aspects which are important for clinical immunologists and allergists.

  11. As a Rare Site of Invasive Fungal Infection, Chronic Granulomatous Aspergillus Synovitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin Canbolat Ayhan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Aspergillus can causes invasive disease of various organs especially in patients with weakened immune systems. Aspergillus synovitis and arthritis are uncommon types of involvement due to this infection. Approches to fungal osteoarticular infections are based on only case reports. This paper presents a rare case of chronic granulomatous Aspergillus synovitis in an immunocompromised 5-year old girl who was treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

  12. Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the surgical strategy was to remove all sinus mucosa from the major sinuses. The use of an ... improved drainage system is achieved, the diseased sinus mucosa has an opportunity to return to normal. FESS ...

  13. Sinus Anatomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Caregivers Contact ARS HOME ANATOMY Nasal Anatomy Sinus Anatomy Nasal Physiology Nasal Endoscopy Skull Base Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure ... Size + - Home > ANATOMY > Sinus Anatomy Nasal Anatomy Sinus Anatomy Nasal Physiology Nasal Endoscopy Skull Base Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure ...

  14. Clinical analysis on treatment of non- invasive fungal rhinosinusitis by endoscopic sinus surgery%鼻内镜手术治疗非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世涛; 赵玉林; 苏红霞; 张远

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the etiology and clinical features of non - invasive fungal rhinosinusitis and to evaluate the methods and curative effects of endoscopic sinus surgery. Methods The denial and follow -up data of 57 patients with non -invasive fungal rhinosinusitis were retrospectively analyzed. Results All cases were cured without recurrence during a follow - up from 6 months to 2 years. Conclusions Anatomic abnormalities of the paranasal sinuses are the main reasons of the non invasive fungal rhinosinusitis, Clearing up the infected focus by endoscopic sinus surgery is an effective treatment, after surgery regularly sinus rinse and nasal endoscopy can prevent disease recurrence.%目的 探讨非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的致病原因、临床特征、鼻内镜手术方法及临床疗效.方法 对2007年5月至2010年5月的57例非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的临床资料进行回顾性分析.结果 随访6个月~2年,全部病例无复发,无1例并发症发生.结论 鼻腔、鼻窦局部解剖异常是非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎患者患病的主要原因,鼻内镜手术清除病灶是治疗非侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的最有效方法,手术后定期鼻窦窦腔冲洗及鼻内镜检查可防止疾病的复发.

  15. Effects of the I-kr-blocker almokalant and predictors of conversion of chronic atrial tachyarrhythmias to sinus rhythm. A prospective study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houltz, B; Darpo, B; Swedberg, K; Blomstrom, P; Brachmann, J; Crijns, Harry J. G. M.; Jensen, Steen M.; Svernhage, E; Vallin, H; Edvardsson, N

    1999-01-01

    Purpose: To assess the efficacy of the I-kr-blocker almokalant attempting to convert chronic atrial tachyarrhythmias, and to find predictors of conversion, to sinus rhythm. Methods: The electrophysiological effects of a 6-hour infusion of almokalant, to a total dose of 25 +/- 4 mg, were assessed by

  16. Sinus Balloon Dilation as Treatment for Acute Sphenoid Sinusitis with Impaired Vision for a Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about sinus balloon dilatation in treatment of acute left sphenoid sinusitis with left impaired vision in a child. Balloon catheter dilatation (BCD of the sinus ostia is a new technique. It has been shown to be a minimally invasive technique to manage chronic sinusitis. However, this method is rarely used in the treatment of acute sinusitis. So far, we know of no reported cases of sinus balloon dilatation in treatment of this case, especially for children.

  17. Early diagnosis of bacterial and fungal infection in chronic cholestatic hepatitis B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiong-Zhi Wu; Dan Chen; Lian-San Zhao; Xiao-Hui Yu; Mei Wei; Yan Zhao; Qing Fang; Qian Xu

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the early diagnostic methods of bacterial and fungal infection in patients with chronic cholestatic hepatitis B.METHODS: One hundred and one adult in-patients with chronic hepatitis B were studied and divided into 3 groups:direct bilirubin (DBil)/total bilirubin (TBil)≥0.5, without bacterial and fungal infection (group A, n=38); DBil/TBil <0.5, without bacterial and fungal infection (group B, n=23);DBil/TBil≥0.5, with bacterial or fungal infection (group C,n=40). The serum biochemical index and pulse rate were analyzed.RESULTS: Level of TBil, DBil, alkaline phosphatase (ALP)and DBil/ALP in group A increased compared with that in group B. The level of ALP in group C decreased compared with that in group A, whereas the level of TBil, DBil and DBil/ALP increased (ALP: 156±43, 199±68, respectively,P<0.05; TBil: 370±227, 220±206, respectively, P<0.01;DBil: 214±143, 146±136, respectively, P<0.01; DBil/ALP:1.65±1.05, 0.78±0.70, respectively, P<0.001). The level of DBil and infection affected DBil/ALP. Independent of the effect of DBil, infection caused DBil/ALP to rise (P<0.05).The pulse rate in group A decreased compared with that in group B (63.7±6.4, 77.7±11.4, respectively, P<0.001),and the pulse rate in group C increased compared with that in group A (81.2±12.2, 63.7±6.4, respectively, P<0.001).The equation (infection=0.218 pusle rate +1.064 DBil/ALP -16.361), with total accuracy of 85.5%, was obtained from stepwise logistic regression. Pulse rate (≥80/min) and DBil/ALP (≥1.0) were used to screen infection. The sensitivity was 62.5% and 64.7% respectively, and the specificity was 100% and 82.8% respectively.CONCLUSION: Bacterial and fungal infection deteriorate jaundice and increase pulse rate, decrease serum ALP and increase DBil/ALP. Pulse rate, DBil/ALP and the equation (infection=0.218 pusle rate+1.064 DBil/ALP-16.361) are helpful to early diagnosis of bacterial and fungal infection in patients with chronic

  18. Fungal rhinosinusitis with atypical presentation - a report of two cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rafael da Costa Monsanto; Rodrigo Silva Orem; Fernanda Resende e Silva; Fabio Hiroshi Okuyama; Fabio Tadeu Moura Lorenzetti

    2015-01-01

    Rhinosinusitis affects approximately 20% of the population, and the chronic rhinosinusitis represents over 90% of all cases of rhinosinusitis. The correct diagnosis is important for proper treatment and to predict its evolution. This study presents two cases of atypical frontal sinus disease, which the follow-up revealed a diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis. The present study aims to describe the cases of two patients with atypical lesions on the left frontal sinus; the treatment options, surgical approach, results, diagnosis and follow-up are further discussed. A significant increase in the reported cases of fungal rhinosinusitis has been seen in the last two decades, justified by the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and steroids, as well as the increased number of immunocompromised individuals. This study reports the cases of two patients with a type of fungal rhinosinusitis named "fungal ball", characterized by a tangle of hyphae in the sinuses without tissue invasion. The treatment included surgical removal of the fungal infectious process with aeration of the affected sinus, and the procedure was successfully performed in our patients.

  19. 鼻内镜下手术治疗真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎60例%The Clinical Observation of the 60 cases of fungal rhinosinusitis through the endoscopic sinus surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵渊; 白艳霞; 赵谦

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the endoscopic sinus surgery effect of the fungal rhinosinusitis and observe the clinical treating effect. Methods: Through the retrospective analysis of the 60 fungal rhinosinusitis patients cases who undergo the nasal endoscopic surgery,to discuss the operating methods、treating effect and results of the post operation follow-up. Result:The 60 cases of the fungal rhinosinusitis patients all be fully treated,without the obvious operating complication occurred,through the follow-up for 6 months to 2 year,l case recurred. Conclusion: the edema of the nasal cavity and nasal sinus mucous membrane that lead to local drainage dysfunction keep closely relationship with the occurrence of fungal rhinosinusitis, the nasal endoscopic sinus surgery is a kind of effective method for the treatment of it. Totally clean the local fungal tissue and maintain fluent drainage after the operation are the important factor for the treatment and transition of the fungal rhinosinusitis.%目的:探讨鼻内窥镜治疗真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎手术方法及临床疗效的观察.方法:对60例接受鼻内窥镜手术治疗的真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,探讨手术方式、手术疗效及术后随访结果.结果:60例真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎患者经手术治疗均获得临床治愈,无明显手术并发症,随访6个月至2年,1例复发.结论:鼻腔鼻窦粘膜肿胀造成的局部引流障碍与真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的发生密切相关,鼻内镜手术是治疗真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的有效方法,彻底清除病变及术后鼻窦引流通畅是影响疗效及转归的重要因素.

  20. Allergic Fungal Rhinosinusitis and the Unified Airway: the Role of Antifungal Therapy in AFRS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Matthew W; Clark, Christopher M

    2015-12-01

    Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) or rhinosinusitis (AFRS) is a form of polypoid chronic rhinosinusitis that is believed to be due to hypersensitivity to fungal antigens. The disease is characterized by type 1 hypersensitivity to fungal allergens, dramatically elevated total serum IgE, accumulation of thick eosinophil-laden mucin with non-invasive fungal hyphae within the paranasal sinuses, nasal polyposis, and sinus bony remodeling. Because of many clinicopathologic similarities to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), these conditions can be considered analogous examples of disease in the unified airway. However, these conditions rarely occur together and their treatment differs. The treatment of AFRS relies upon surgical removal of fungal hyphae in eosinophilic mucin, while antifungal therapy is used to clear fungi from the airways in ABPA. Several uncontrolled studies suggest there may be some benefit to antifungal agents in AFRS, but randomized trials of topical and systemic antifungal therapies have not shown beneficial results in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Antifungal treatment within the sinonasal cavities does not appear to be an effective approach for most chronic sinusitis, and antifungal therapy for AFRS is unproven.

  1. Sinonasal Fungal Infections and Complications: A Pictorial Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Gavito-Higuera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fungal infections of the nose and paranasal sinuses can be categorized into invasive and non-invasive forms. The clinical presentation and course of the disease is primarily determined by the immune status of the host and can range from harmless or subtle presentations to life threatening complications. Invasive fungal infections are categorized into acute, chronic or chronic granulomatous entities. Immunocompromised patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, HIV and patients receiving chemotherapy or chronic oral corticosteroids are mostly affected. Mycetoma and Allergic Fungal Rhinosinusitis are considered non-invasive forms. Computer tomography is the gold-standard in sinonasal imaging and is complimented by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI as it is superior in the evaluation of intraorbital and intracranial extensions. The knowledge and identification of the characteristic imaging patterns in invasive - and non- invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is crucial and the radiologist plays an important role in refining the diagnosis to prevent a possible fatal outcome.

  2. Diagnosis and management of the acute attack of sphenoid and ethmoid fungal ball sinusitis%蝶窦和筛窦真菌球性病变急性发作的诊断及治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗旭涛; 王欣; 李文军; 彭本刚

    2012-01-01

    目的:分析蝶窦和筛窦真菌球性病变急性发作时的特征,提高诊断的准确性和治疗的及时性.方法:回顾分析18例真菌球性蝶窦炎和筛窦炎患者资料,急性发作时症状以头痛、发热为主,鼻内镜检查、鼻窦CT与MRI可以协助诊断.13例患者药物抗炎治疗后行鼻内镜下鼻窦开放手术;5例患者拒绝手术,随访观察.结果:13例患者病理证实为真菌病变,完全去除病变后患者恢复良好.术前CT与MRI显示结果与术中所见一致.1例未手术者2.5个月后发生头痛,应用抗生素及鼻腔药物后症状改善.结论:临床特征和影像学检查有助于蝶窦和筛窦真菌球性病变急性发作的鉴别诊断,并采取针对性治疗.%To improve the diagnosis and treatment of the acute attack of sphenoid and ethmoid fungal ball sinusitis based on the analysis of clinical features. Method: Eighteen patients with sphenoid and ethmoid fungal ball sinusitis were reviewed, and the main symptoms included headache and fever during acute attack. En-doscopy, nasal CT and MRI can provide useful information for diagnosis. Endoscopic sinus surgery was performed on thirteen patients after drug therapy, while the other 5 patients chose conservative therapy. Result: The pathological examination confirmed the fungal lesions and the 13 patients had a good recovery. The result of CT and MRI scanning had a good accordance with the intra-operative findings. One patient receiving conservative treatment had acute attack again 2. 5 months later, and antibiotics and topical nasal drugs improved the symptoms. Conclusion: Clinical presentation and radiological imaging contribute to the differential diagnosis of the acute attack of sphenoid and ethmoid fungal ball sinusitis, then the targeted therapy can be taken.

  3. [Mucormycosis in paranasal sinuses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkenstein, S; Unkel, C; Neumann, A; Sudhoff, H; Dermoumi, H; Jahnke, K; Dazert, S

    2009-08-01

    Three patients with mucormycosis of the paranasal sinuses were treated in the University ENT departments in Bochum and Essen in recent years. All patients were immunocompromised for different reasons and had reduced resistance against microorganism infection. They presented with symptoms of orbital complications of sinusitis. The further progress of these life-threatening fungal infections with a mortality rate between 35 and 70% depends on early and definitive diagnosis and radical surgical therapy to reduce the amount of infectious agent. The difficulties of early diagnosis by imaging, histology, microbiology, or molecular biology and postoperative therapeutic options especially with amphotericin B, liposomal amphotericin B, and posaconazole are illustrated and discussed.

  4. Radio-Tympano-Sinu-Orthesis - a new therapy of recurrent otitis media and chronic sinusitis; Die Radio-Tympano-Sinu-Orthese - ein neues Verfahren zur Therapie von rezidivierender Otitis media und chronischer Sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Czech, N. [Klinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Universitaetsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel (Germany); Godbersen, G.S. [Abt. fuer Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde, Praxisklinik Kiel (Germany)

    2006-03-15

    The practicability, safety and clinical efficacy of intracavitary therapy with Re-186-colloid in patients with recurrent otitis media and paranasal sinusitis, resistant to pharmacotherapy and surgical treatment is demonstrated based on a preliminary treatment trial. Methods: the authors report on a total of 39 applications of 5-35 MBq {sup 186}Re-colloid into the tympanon and the paranasal sinuses in six patients. Biodistribution and biokinetics were studied by gamma camera imaging. Clinical success was documented 6-20 months after therapy both by patients self-evaluation and by objective rhinootological follow-up, using a four-step score from -1 to+2. Results: no serious side effects were seen. There was good to excellent clinical improvement with a mean score of +1.44 {+-} 0.5 by patients self-evaluation and by physicians scoring of +0.81 {+-} 0.9 with only negligible extracranial tracer deposition. Conclusion: this novel treatment option using intracavitary application of Re-186-colloid in chronic otitis media and sinusitis is safe and effective. The term Radio-Tympano-Sinu-Orthesis (RTSO) might be proposed analogously to the well-known radiosynoviorthesis (RSO). (orig.)

  5. 慢性侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎临床分析%Clinical analysis of chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李天成; 曾镇罡; 肖水芳; 秦永; 王鹤; 王全桂

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎(chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis,CIFRS)的临床特点及其治疗方法.方法 回顾性分析2006年6月至2011年8月北京大学第一医院收治的经病理证实为CIFRS的7例患者的临床资料.分析内容包括患者的病程、症状、鼻窦CT/MRI、手术方式、术后病理以及药物治疗方法.本组患者治疗方法采取手术加系统抗真菌药物治疗.着重分析2例具有典型临床特征患者的病历资料,探讨CIFRS的临床特点和治疗方法.结果 7例患者中女性5例,男性2例;病程2个月至8年,7例患者均无全身免疫系统疾病史及糖尿病病史,有面部外伤史1例,车祸后长期卧床并应用抗生素1例.发病初期病变位于单侧上颌窦者6例,单侧筛窦者1例.病理检查和/或真菌培养检出曲霉菌6例,毛霉菌1例.随访1~5年,治愈6例,死亡1例.结论 CIFRS多发生于免疫功能正常患者,单窦发病为主,上颌窦最多见,曲霉菌多见;临床表现及早期鼻窦CT缺乏特异性.治疗以手术联合足量足程抗真菌药物为主.%Objective To investigate the clinical features and treatment of chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis(CIFRS).Methods From June 2006 to August 2011,seven patients were pathologically diagnosed as CIFRS in otorhinolaryngology department of Peking university first hospital and included in this study.The clinical records were reviewed.The clinical features,clinical course,symptoms,clinical signs,CT/MRI scan of the sinuses,surgical approach,postoperative pathology and medications were analyzed retrospectively.These 7 patients received both surgical and systemic anti-fungal treatment.Among them,2 cases with characteristically clinical features were addressed into further analyses to explore the clinical feature and treatment of CIFRS.Results Among the 7 patients,5 were female and 2 were male.The course of diseases were from 2 months to 8 years.All patients had no systemic immune

  6. Diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance venography in the detection of recanalization in patients with chronic cerebral venous sinus thrombus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Ying; ZHENG Dong-you; JI Xun-ming; Peter WEALE; WU Hao; JIANG Li-dan; YANG Li-zhuang

    2009-01-01

    Background In the chronic stage of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), recanalization can result in disparate MR appearances. We aimed to prospectively investigate the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance venography (MRV) in the evaluation of the recanalization of CVST.Methods This study prospectively evaluated the diagnostic performance of 2-dimensional time-of-flight (2D-TOF) MRV in thirty-two consecutive patients during a three- to six-month follow-up for CVST. Both 2D-TOF MRV and digital substraction angiography (DSA) were undertaken. Diagnostic accuracy of 2D-TOF MRV in the detection of recanalized thrombus was evaluated using DSA as the reference standard.Results MRV and DSA were completed without complications in all 32 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 2D-TOF MRV for the detection of recanalization on a segmental basis were 91% (62/68), 93% (37/40), 95% (62/65), and 86% (37/43) respectively.Conclusion 2D-TOF MRV provides high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of recanalized CVST segments.

  7. Clinical effects of sinus surgery and adjuvant therapy in cystic fibrosis patients - can chronic lung infections be postponed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, K; Johansen, H K; Skov, M

    2013-01-01

    The paranasal sinuses can be a bacterial reservoir for pulmonary infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) METHODOLOGY: In this prospective, non-randomised, uncontrolled, intervention cohort study, the clinical effect of sinus surgery followed by two weeks` intravenous antibiotics, 6 months...

  8. Exophiala oligosperma involved in a refractory chronic rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badali, H; Hedayati, M T; Bahoosh, M; Kasir, A; Ghasemi, M; Motahari, J; Meis, J F; De Hoog, G S

    2011-03-01

    Fungal rhinosinusitis refers to a wide variety of conditions caused by fungal infections of the paranasal sinuses. Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis and sinus fungus balls are mostly noted in healthy individuals. Aspergillus species are supposed to be the most common etiologic agents of the disorder, but melanized fungi also occur, and these potentially are able to lead to fatal dissemination into brain parenchyma. We report on a case of fungus ball in a 20-year-old female with refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (RCRS) and bronchial asthma due to the black yeast Exophiala oligosperma which was confirmed by mycological and molecular (sequences of ITS rDNA) investigations. Exophiala oligosperma has previously not been reported to cause fungus balls or invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. Patient underwent functional endoscopic sinusitis surgery and the hypertrophic mucosa was removed completely. Without antifungal therapy, successful cure was achieved after spray therapy with corticosteroids for 1 month, without any relapse after a 6 month-follow up.

  9. Aggressiv fibromatose i sinus frontalis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godballe, Christian; Jensen, Søren Gade; Krogdahl, Annelise

    2009-01-01

    Aggressive fibromatosis (AF) is a benign tumour with expansive and locally invasive growth. It is very rarely seen in the head and neck area. We present a 52-year-old female patient with AF localized to the left frontal sinus. The condition was initially mistaken for chronic sinusitis however...

  10. IL-32: A Novel Pluripotent Inflammatory Interleukin, towards Gastric Inflammation, Gastric Cancer, and Chronic Rhino Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Babar Khawar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A vast variety of nonstructural proteins have been studied for their key roles and involvement in a number of biological phenomenona. Interleukin-32 is a novel cytokine whose presence has been confirmed in most of the mammals except rodents. The IL-32 gene was identified on human chromosome 16 p13.3. The gene has eight exons and nine splice variants, namely, IL-32α, IL-32β, IL-32γ, IL-32δ, IL-32ε, IL-32ζ, IL-32η, IL-32θ, and IL-32s. It was found to induce the expression of various inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β as well as macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2 and has been reported previously to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of a number of inflammatory disorders, namely, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD, gastric inflammation and cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. In the current review, we have highlighted the involvement of IL-32 in gastric cancer, gastric inflammation, and chronic rhinosinusitis. We have also tried to explore various mechanisms suspected to induce the expression of this extraordinary cytokine as well as various mechanisms of action employed by IL-32 during the mediation and progression of the above said problems.

  11. Mechanisms in adverse reactions to food. The sinuses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, A

    1995-01-01

    Food allergy is an extremely rare cause of chronic sinusitis. Mucosal inflammation in chronic sinusitis is rarely caused by allergic reactions to foods but rather viral infections in the upper respiratory tract.......Food allergy is an extremely rare cause of chronic sinusitis. Mucosal inflammation in chronic sinusitis is rarely caused by allergic reactions to foods but rather viral infections in the upper respiratory tract....

  12. [Fungal keratitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourcier, T; Sauer, A; Letscher-Bru, V; Candolfi, E

    2011-10-01

    Fungal keratitis (keratomycosis) is a rare but severe cause of infectious keratitis. Its incidence is constant, due to steroids or immunosuppressive treatments and contact lenses. Pathogens often invade corneas with chronic diseases of the ocular surface but fungal keratitis is also observed following injuries with plant foreign objects. The poor prognosis of these infections is related both to fungal virulence, decreased host defense, as well as delays in diagnosis. However, new antimycotic treatments allow better management and prognosis.

  13. [Fungal infections in children with malignant disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, G

    2011-05-01

    Intensified chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation result in severe and prolonged granulocytopenia with an increased risk of invasive fungal infections. The major fungal species that cause serious infections in cancer patients are Candida species and Aspergillus species. The main features of Candida infection in this context are oropharyngeal candidiasis and Candida esophagitis, chronic disseminated candidiasis, also known as hepatosplenic candidiasis, and candidemia. Aspergillus can cause severe lung infection but also sinusal or CNS infection. Because invasive fungal infections are severe and often life-threatening, preventive and empirical managements have become standard practice. An increasing number of antifungal drugs is now available, notably lipid formulations of amphotericin B (liposomal amphotericin B), new azoles with broad spectrum of activity and echinocandin.

  14. Clinical Observation on Treatment of 65 Cases of Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyps with Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Combined with Chinese Medicine%鼻内窥镜鼻窦手术配合中药治疗慢性鼻窦炎鼻息肉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙海滨

    2009-01-01

    目的 观察鼻内窥镜鼻窦手术配合中药治疗慢性鼻窦炎、鼻息肉的临床疗效.方法 将63例慢性鼻窦炎、鼻息肉患者随机分为两组,对照组32例给予鼻内窥镜鼻窦手术治疗,治疗组33例采用鼻内窥镜鼻窦手术配合中药治疗.结果 治疗组总有效率为90.9%,对照组总有效率为75.0%,两组总有效率比较,差异有统计学意义(p=0.0416,P<0.05).结论 采用鼻内窥镜鼻窦手术配合中药对慢性鼻窦炎、鼻息肉有疗.%Objective To observe clinical effect of treating chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps with endoscopic sinus surgery combined with Chinese medicine. Methods 65 patients with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps were randomly divided into a control group and a treatment group. The control group was treated with endoscopic sinus surgery only, and the treatment group was treated with endoscopic sinus surgery combined with Chinese medicine. Results The total effective rate in the treatment group and the control group was 90.9% and 75.0%, respectively. There was a significant dieffference between two groups (P= 0.0416, P<0.05 ). Conclusion The treatment of endoscopic sinus surgery combined with Chinese medicine on chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps is better than endoscopic sinus surgery only.

  15. Fungal rhinosinusitis with atypical presentation – a report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael da Costa Monsanto

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Rhinosinusitis affects approximately 20% of the population, and the chronic rhinosinusitis represents over 90% of all cases of rhinosinusitis. The correct diagnosis is important for proper treatment and to predict its evolution. This study presents two cases of atypical frontal sinus disease, which the follow-up revealed a diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis. The present study aims to describe the cases of two patients with atypical lesions on the left frontal sinus; the treatment options, surgical approach, results, diagnosis and follow-up are further discussed. A significant increase in the reported cases of fungal rhinosinusitis has been seen in the last two decades, justified by the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and steroids, as well as the increased number of immunocompromised individuals. This study reports the cases of two patients with a type of fungal rhinosinusitis named "fungal ball", characterized by a tangle of hyphae in the sinuses without tissue invasion. The treatment included surgical removal of the fungal infectious process with aeration of the affected sinus, and the procedure was successfully performed in our patients.

  16. [Cellular and tissue reactions of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus in the patients presenting with odontogenic aspergillous maxillary sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baĭdik, O D; Sysoliatin, P G; Logvinov, S V

    2012-01-01

    The results of this morphological study of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinuses in the patients presenting with the non-invasive fungal form of odontogenic sinusitis revealed the signs of granulematous inflammation. Epithelium underwent metaplasia into the single-row cubic or prismatic layer. The invasive form of fungal odontogenic sinusitis was characterized by allergic inflammation with intensive infiltration of maxillary sinus mucosa by antigen-representing and effector cells.

  17. The effect of sinus surgery with intensive follow-up on pathogenic sinus bacteria in patients with cystic fibrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanaes, Kasper; von Buchwald, Christian; Hjuler, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Most patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have chronic rhinosinusitis; their sinuses are often colonized with bacteria that can initiate and maintain deleterious pulmonary infections. Theoretically, eradication of the sinus bacteria should reduce the frequency of lung infections and thereby reduce ...... pulmonary morbidity. This article addressed whether bacteria in CF sinuses are eligible for eradication by sinus surgery and postoperative treatment....

  18. Fungal culture and sensitisation in asthma, cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder: what does it tell us?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pashley, Catherine H

    2014-12-01

    Collectively asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) and cystic fibrosis (CF) are very common, important causes of disease and ill health. Filamentous fungal colonisation of the airways can occur in all three disease groups, although the clinical relevance is unclear. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a well-recognised severe complication of airway colonisation associated primarily with Aspergillus fumigatus. Fungal colonisation may have a deleterious effect without fulfilling all the diagnostic criteria of ABPA; however, a lack of standardisation in processing respiratory samples hampers comparisons. Whilst mycology laboratory accreditation programs are common, most countries have no national standard guidelines for processing respiratory samples. Fungal recovery from sputum in CF, asthma and COPD can be around 40, 54 and 49%, respectively. Isolation of fungi from sputum has been associated with reduced lung function in asthma and CF, although no such associations have been found in COPD. It is unclear whether fungal colonisation contributes to lower lung function or is a marker of more severe lung disease and aggressive therapy. Fungal sensitisation may contribute to the persistence of active respiratory symptoms; however, the exact prevalence is unclear. Sensitisation to A. fumigatus has been associated with reduced lung function in asthma, COPD and CF. It has suggested that both skin prick tests and specific IgE measurement by the ImmunoCAP system should be used in diagnoses of allergy, due to discordance in test results; however, there is currently no widely adopted consensus as to which fungi to test for.

  19. Packing material on outcomes of sinus mucosa with chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery%鼻内镜术后不同填塞材料对术后黏膜转归的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许海波; 洪燕丽; 李兆生; 许振跃

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of different packing materials on sinus mucosa with chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery.Methods A total of 167 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were divided into the frag-mentable nasal dressing group A(n =93)and the swell sponge group B(n =74).Using Lund-Mackay CT scoring sys-tem,visual analogue scales(VAS)and Lund-Kennedy endoscopic scoring system,all patients were assessed in recover in pre-operation period,and the second week,the fourth week,and the twelfth week after the surgery.The data were analyzed by SPSS18.0 statistics software to compare the differences of outcomes of sinus mucosa .Results There was no difference about Lund-Mackay CT scores,the VAS scores and Lund-Kennedy endoscopic scores in two groups be-fore surgery(P >0.05).About Lund-Kennedy endoscopic scoring,the scores of the two groups presented significant difference(P <0.01).Comparing with the scores of the second week,the scores of group A of the fourth week,and the twelfth week were lower than those of the group B (P <0.01).The VAS scores of group A were all significantly different from those of group B at same period(P <0.01),and the scores of group A at the post-operative 4 and 12 week were lower than those of group B.5 cases of group A and 7 cases of group B had sinus region oedema seriously, ves hyperplasy and polypus recurrence.After individualized treatment,sinus mucosa presented recovery tendency. Conclusion Applying of fragmentable nasal dressing can promote preferable outcomes of sinus mucosa with chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery.%目的:探讨鼻内镜手术后,鼻腔不同填塞材料对慢性鼻窦炎患者鼻窦术腔黏膜转归的影响。方法对入选的167例鼻窦炎患者按填塞材料的不同分为纳吸棉组(A 组,n =93)和膨胀海绵组(B 组,n =74)。两组患者均执行同样的入院前治疗,由同一高年资医师手术,并给予相同的术后用药及复查

  20. [Evaluation of the impact of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease on the result of surgical treatment with the use of endoscopic techniques and postoperative pharmacological treatment in patients with chronic sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieckarz, Rafał; Szaleniec, Joanna; Hartwich, Patryk; Wróbel, Agnieszka; Hydzik-Sobocińska, Karolina; Muszyński, Piotr; Markiewicz, Beata; Turczynowski, Łukasz; Składzień, Jacek; Strek, Paweł

    2013-01-01

    It is estimated that in Europe 10% of adults suffer from chronic sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis can be caused by many different diseases that share chronic inflammation of the sinuses as a common symptom. Rhinitis can be caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus, which successively can result in chronic sinusitis. The current gold standard for diagnosing GERD is--bothersome for the patient--24 h esophageal pH monitoring. This method can be unpleasant for the patients, which makes it less acceptable. Because of that the criteria for symptomatic GERD were made an alternative diagnostic way. We acknowledge that the presence of heartburn and stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus at least once a week can be diagnosed as symptomatic GERD. The aim of the study is the assessment of the frequency of symptomatic GERD in patients operated because of chronic sinusitis and impact of symptomatic GERD on the follow-up treatment up to 12 months after endoscopic nasal surgery. The authors analysed 144 patients operated at the JUCM Otolaryngological Clinic in Kraków between 2011 and 2013 because of sinusitis. The inclusion criteria were: diagnosed chronic sinusitis, indications for endoscopic sinus surgery, and a written consent for the research. Each patient was examined laryngologically and surveyed. Patients were divided into two groups: with and without symptomatic GERD. We analysed the symptoms in patients treated for sinusitis with or without GERD before, between 3 and 6 as well as in the 12th month after endonasal surgery. Moreover, we analysed the intensity of the global symptoms (expressed in the VAS scale) and separately for each of the 13 symptoms of chronic sinusitis (expressed on a scale 0 - 3). We established that 33 out of the 144 patients (22.9%) qualified for the first survey reported the symptoms of GERD. In the second survey, which was conducted between 3 and 6 month after ESS, 24 out of 119 (20%) people reported the

  1. Diagnosis of chronic rhino sinusitis in patients with cystic fibrosis: correlation between anamnesis, nasal endoscopy and computed tomography; Diagnostico de rinossinusite cronica em pacientes com fibrose cistica: correlacao entre anamnese, nasofibroscopia e tomografia computadorizada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boari, Leticia; Castro Junior, Ney Penteado de [Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas da Santa Casa de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: curyboari@uol.com.br

    2005-11-15

    The sinonasal involvement is one of the most common manifestations in cystic fibrosis. Data show a high incidence of chronic rhino sinusitis in these patients. Although it has been found radiographic opacification of the sinus in more than 90% of cases, few are symptomatic. So that, it is difficult to recognize nasossinusal disease in patients with cystic fibrosis. Questionnaire, nasal endoscopy and CT-scan are very important methods in this approach. Aim: to evaluate the diagnosis of chronic rhino sinusitis in patients with cystic fibrosis by anamnesis, nasal endoscopy and CT-scan and compare those results.Study Design: Clinical prospective. Material and method: evaluation of 34 patients - older than 6 years and with a confirmed diagnoses of cystic fibrosis - by anamnesis (questionnaire), nasal endoscopy (score Lund-Kennedy) and CT-scan (score Lund-Mackay). Results: chronic rhino sinusitis was confirmed in: 20,58% of cases by the questionnaire, 73,52% of the cases by the nasal endoscopy and in 93,54% of the cases by the CT-scan. The results showed significant differences. The correlation between nasal endoscopy score (Lund-Kennedy score) and CT-scan score (Lund-Mackay score) was statistically significant. Conclusion: the diagnosis of chronic rhino sinusitis was statistically different between the three methods. It was higher in imaging analysis and lower in questionnaire. The nasal endoscopy is an excellent method to evaluate nasossinusal disease in cystic fibrosis. (author)

  2. Fungus ball of the paranasal sinuses: Report of two cases and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosi, Guilherme Rasia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fungal ball of the sinuses is a not invasive infection that if characterizes for its chronicity, being the majority related with previous endodontic treatment. Affect mainly the breasts to maxillary; even so all the breasts can be involved. The main etiological agent is the Aspergillus spp. The computed tomography, had to characteristic the radiological presentations, suggests the diagnosis that is carried through definitively through histopathological analyses. The treatment standard-gold is the sinus surgery with average meatal antrostomy. Objective: Reporting two cases of fungal ball of the sinuses and to stand out important aspects of this pathology. Story of the Cases: Case 1 Patient of the feminine sex, 78 years old, presented itself with complaints of face pain has 6 months and previous history of endodontic treatment. To the physical examination it was evidenced purulent secretion presence in left average meatus. Ray X presented complete veiling of the breasts to maxillary left, while the computed tomography showed injury calcified in this place. Sinusotomy was become fulfilled that evolved well. Case 2 Patient of the feminine sex, 70 years old, looked attendance for history of sinusitis of repetition. To the physical examination no particularity was not perceived. The computed tomography, as well as the magnetic resonance, detected thickening of the mucous wall of the breasts to maxillary left, beyond a calcified mass. It was become fulfilled same sequence of treatment and the patient also evolved well. Final Considerations: The fungal infection must be considered in the patients who if present with chronic sinusitis, that they do not answer to the antibiotic use and that they possess history of endodontic manipulation.

  3. Sinus Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... scan of a patient with a sinus cancer (esthesioneuroblastoma) on the patient's right side (left side of ... mucoepidermoid carcinoma, melanoma, olfactory neuroblastoma (also known as esthesioneuroblastoma), sarcoma, and lymphoma. Malignant lesions from other body ...

  4. THE ROLE OF CHRONIC POLYPOID RHINOSINUSITIS IN OCCURRENCE OF MALIGNANT EPITHELIAL TUMORS OF THE PARANASAL SINUSES AND THE NASAL CAVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Yu. Vereshchagin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Growth of occurrence of malignant epithelial tumors of the nasal cavity (NC and the paranasal sinuses (PNS is noted. Absolute majority of patients come for treatment with the III and the IV stage of the disease. No trend for decreasing of the untreatedness parameter is observed. Increasing of the efficiency of treatment of patients with cancer depends on timely diagnostics. The main reason of late diagnostics is insufficient oncological alertness of doctors in polyclinics. The issues of therapy tactics at the stage of pre-tumor diseases of the NC and the PNS remain unsolved, while background process that precede development of cancer are morphologically revealed with 56.7 % of patients. One of the most frequently occurred background development processes of the NC and the PNS cancer is chronic polypoid rhinosinusitis (CPR. The degree of occurrence of CPR is high, and the annual growth of its incidence by 2 to 4 % has been observed for the previous 10 years. There are only certain works that view CPR as a pre-cancer disease.The objective of the study is improvement of results of early diagnostics of cancer and optimization of the surgical tactics with pre-cancer diseases of the upper jaw and the PNS.Materials and methods. Retrospective and prospective clinical and morphological analysis of data of 58 patients with benign polypous changes (BPC and of 182 patients with malignant epithelial tumors (MET  of the NC and the PNS treated at the Arkhangelsk Regional Clinical Oncology Dispensary from 1980 to 2010 has been performed.Results and discussion The maximum number of patients in both groups is at the age category from 40 to 59 years. Besides, the average age of patients with the BPC was lower than that of the patients with the MET (45.6 ± 2.3 and 54.0 ± 1.5 years old, respectively.Patients of working age prevailed both in the group with the BPC and the group with the MET of the NC and the PNS (19.0 / 81.0 % and 39.6 / 62.1 %, respectively

  5. FUNGAL SPECIATION USING QUANTITATIVE POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (QPCR) IN PATIENTS WITH AND WITHOUT CHRONIC RHINOSINUSITIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Objectives/Hypothesis: 1. to determine the mycology of the middle meatus using an endoscopically guided brush sampling technique and polymerase chain reaction laboratory processing of nasal mucous. 2. To compare the mycology of the middle meatus in patients with sinus disease to...

  6. 鼻窦灌注液冲洗在慢性鼻窦炎鼻内镜术后的应用及其机制探讨%Mechanism for the curative effect of douching with nasal sinuses perfusate in treating chronic sinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 王丹; 范晶晶

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the mechanism for the curative effect of douching with nasal sinuses perfusate in treating chronic sinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery.Methods Seventy-six chronic sinusitis patients after endoscopic sinus surgery were divided into treatment group and control group by random digits table with 38 cases each.Every group was given postoperatively sinus flush,treatment group was flushed with nasal sinuses perfusate,while contro group was flushed with 0.9% sodium chloride.Therapeutic effect was evaluated after two months.The therapeutic effects of the two groups were compared and the inflammation factor levels and changes of sinus mucosa were observed before and after treatment.Results In treatment group,there were 21 cases to be cured,13 cases to be improved,4 cases to be useless,the total effective rate was 89.5%(34/38),while in control group,there were 12 cases to be cured,15 cases to be improved,11 cases to be useless,the total effective rate was 71.1%(27/38),the total effective rates between two groups were statistically significant (P <0.05).The levels of interferon (IFN)-γ,interleukin(IL)-2,IL-4,IL-5 after treatment in treatment group were respectively ( 13.21 ± 1.38),( 14.59 ±1.43 ),(34.83 ± 5.31 ),( 39.93 ± 7.98 ) pg/L,which were significantly decreased compared with those before treatment [ (23.87 ± 1.76),( 16.13 ± 1.71 ),(67.37 ± 7.36),(81.82 ± 7.69) pg/L,P < 0.05 ].The levels of IFN- γ,IL-2,IL-4,IL-5 after treatment in control group were respectively (20.13 ± 2.73 ),( 14.82 ± 2.26),(48.92 ±7.62),(43.87 ±8.25) pg/L,which were significantly decreased compared with those before treatment [ (24.06 ± 1.82 ),( 15.96 ± 1.74),(66.81 ± 8.24),(82.16 ± 7.34) pg/L,P < 0.05 ].And the levels of IFN- γ,IL-4,IL-5 after treatment in treatment group were significantly lower than those in control group,the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions That nasal flush with nasal sinuses perfusate

  7. Does closure of chronic pilonidal sinus still remain a matter of debate after bilateral rotation flap? (N-shaped closure technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awad Mohamed

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Controversy still exists about the exact cause of pilonidal sinus either acquired or congenital, and also about what is the best surgical technique for the treatment of the disease. We successfully treated chronic pilonidal sinus with a new flap technique {N-shaped bilateral rotation flap} for closure of the defect. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two patients (30 men and two women were treated by eccentric elliptical excision of the diseased tissues down to the postsacral fascia and closure of the defect with our flap [which is a random pattern flap], then a closed suction drain was placed at the base of the wound, with its tip being brought out in the gluteal region at least 5 cm lateral to the lower end of the suture line. Results: All our patients healed completely without recurrence during a period of average follow-up of two years. Mean hospital stay was 1.5 days (range 1-5 days. Mean time to complete healing was 11.9 days (range 6-18 days. Mean time off work was 13.7 days (range 10-21 days. Two patients had wound infection and one patient a partial breakdown. The recurrence rate was 0%. Conclusions: A tension-free suture via bilateral rotation flaps with a good suction at the button of the wound for drainage of blood from the bottom of the wound is the key to the success of repair without recurrence.

  8. 240 Mold Sensitization in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gawlik, Radoslaw; Czecior, Eugeniusz

    2012-01-01

    Background It is estimated that about 10% of the population have IgE antibodies to common inhalant molds. Exposure to fungal allergens could be linked to the presence and persistence of asthma, rhinitis and atopic dermatitis. Mold sensitization is a risk factor for development and deterioration of upper airway allergy, especially chronic rhinosinusitis. We addressed the incidence of mold allergy measured as specific IgE to molds and skin prick tests in chronic sinusitis patients. We assessed prevalence of allergic reactions to mould among surgery treated chronic sinusitis patients. Methods A group of 28 chronic sinusitis patients after surgery were included into the study. Routine medical examination, skin prick tests with common inhaled allergens and extended mold panel (Alternaria alternate, Cladosporium herbarium, Aspergilus fumigatus, Candida albicans, Mucor mucedo, Botrytis cinerea, Rhisopus nigricans, Penicilliumi notatum, Fusarum moniliforme Pullularia pullulans (Allergopharma, Germany), tIgE, asIgE measurement were performed (Phadia, Sweden). All investigated patients were consulted by laryngologist and mycological examination was performed. Results We found that sensitization to at least one allergen was present in 43.8(14/32) of sinusitis patients. The most prevalent was sensitization to house dust mite Dermatophagoides pt., found in 21.8 % (7/32) patients. Positive results of skin prick tests with Candida albicans we observed in 18.8% (6/32), with Alternaria alternate in 15,6% (5/32), Cladosporium herbarium in 6,3% (2/32), Aspergilus fumigatus in 3,13 % (1/32). None of investigated patients presented sensitization to other mold allergens. Microbiological methods demonstrated fungal infection only in 2 patients. Conclusions Almost half of chronic sinusitis patients presented sensitization to at least one allergen. Fungal allergy is relatively rare in chronic sinusitis patients.

  9. Role of Osteoplastic Frontal Sinus Obliteration in the Era of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua B. Silverman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Determining the indications for osteoplastic frontal sinus obliteration (OFSO for the treatment of inflammatory frontal sinus disease. Study Design. Retrospective case series from a single tertiary care facility. Methods. Thirty-four patients who underwent OFSO for chronic frontal sinusitis ( and frontal sinus mucocele ( comprised our study group. Data reviewed included demographics, history of prior frontal sinus operation(s, imaging, diagnosis, and operative complications. Results. The age range was 19 to 76 years. Seventy percent of patients with chronic frontal sinusitis underwent OFSO as a salvage surgery after previous frontal sinus surgery failures, while 30% underwent OFSO as a primary surgery. For those in whom OFSO was a salvage procedure, the failed surgeries were endoscopic approaches to the frontal sinus (69%, Lynch procedure (12%, and OFSO outside this study period (19%. For patients with frontal sinus mucocele, 72% had OFSO as a first-line surgery. Within the total study population, 15% of patients presented for OFSO with history of prior obliteration, with a range of 3 to 30 years between representations. Conclusions. Osteoplastic frontal sinus obliteration remains a key surgical treatment for chronic inflammatory frontal sinus disease both as a salvage procedure and first-line surgical therapy.

  10. Bilateral SUNCT syndrome associated to chronic maxillary sinus disease Síndrome SUNCT de ocorrência bilateral associada a sinusopatia maxilar crônica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Bernardi Bichuetti

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available SUNCT syndrome (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing is defined as short attacks of periorbital unilateral pain and accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and redness of the same eye. We present an unusual SUNCT case with bilateral pain that started five years ago after an acute maxillary sinus infection that evolved to chronic sinusitis. This association has been described in few SUNCT cases, but its causal role remains uncertain. The patient was a 58 years old man that fulfilled a headache diary that showed the usual circadian pattern, worsening in the morning and afternoon, and responded to treatment with gabapentina. He was submitted to a functional endoscopic sinus surgery and evolved with milder pain. In a review of 21 patients, 5 had a past medical history of sinusitis, but the causal role of this association remained uncertain.A síndrome SUNCT (short lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjuntival injection and tearing é definida como curtos ataques de dor periorbital unilateral, acompanhada de lacrimejamento e hiperemia conjuntival ipsilateral. Apresentamos um raro caso de SUNCT com dor bilateral com evolução de cinco anos e iniciado após uma infecção de seio maxilar que evoluiu para sinusite crônica. Esta associação foi descrita em poucos casos de SUNCT, porém pouco esclarecida. O paciente era um homem de 58 anos que preencheu um diário de dor que demonstrou o típico padrão circadiano da síndrome, com pioras matinais e vespertinas, e apresentou melhora com uso de gabapentina. Submetido a cirurgia endoscópica funcional em seio maxilar e evoluiu com modulação da dor, sugerindo um potencial efeito benéfico após tratamento da sinusopatia.Na revisão de literatura encontramos 21 casos de SUNCT bilateral, cinco dos quais apresentavam história de sinusite; no entanto, a relação entre as duas entidades permanece ainda incerta.

  11. 支气管哮喘合并慢性鼻窦炎临床特点的研究%Study on clinical features in bronchial asthma with chronic sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石赟; 贺正一; 刘玉华

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨支气管哮喘(简称哮喘)患者合并慢性鼻窦炎的临床特点.方法 入选患者完善鼻窦CT扫描,根据症状及鼻窦CT扫描分为慢性鼻窦炎组与非慢性鼻窦炎组,两组均完善肺功能、鼻咽分泌物病毒抗原、血清病毒IgM特异性抗体检查、免疫球蛋白IgG、IgA、IgM和T细胞亚群.结果 35例哮喘患者中慢性鼻窦炎组病毒阳性者为64.7%(11/17),非慢性鼻窦炎组病毒阳性者为22.2%(4/18)(P<0.05).慢性鼻窦炎组与非慢性鼻窦炎组在免疫球蛋白IgG、IgA、IgM、T细胞亚群及肺通气功能指标比较差异无统计学意义.结论 哮喘患者合并慢性鼻窦炎病毒阳性率很高,提示慢性鼻寞炎可能使哮喘患者更易受到病毒的侵犯.因此哮喘患者合并慢性鼻窦炎更要重视对病毒感染的预防.%Objective To investigate the clinical features in bronchial asthma(asthma) with chronic sinusitis. Methods Thirty-five patients of asthma underwent CT scanning of nasal sinuses, immunoglobulin G,A, M, T-lymphocyte subgroups, spirometry, and virus antigen, the specific IgM virus antibody. The patients with asthma were divided into two groups according to complicating with chronic sinusitis or not.Results The viruses were positive in 11(64.7%) patients of asthma with chronic sinusitis. The viruses were positive in 4 (22. 2%) patients of asthma without chronic sinusitis(P<0. 05). No difference was found between chronic sinusitis group and none-chronic sinusitis group of patients with asthma in level of immunoglobulin G, A, M, T-lymphocyte subgroups, FEV1%, FEV1/FVC, FVC%. Conclusions The virus positive of patients of asthma with chronic sinusitis is higher than that of patients of asthma without chronic sinusitis. More attention should be put on the patients of asthma with chronic sinusitis in preventing infection with the virus.

  12. 240 Mold Sensitization in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Background It is estimated that about 10% of the population have IgE antibodies to common inhalant molds. Exposure to fungal allergens could be linked to the presence and persistence of asthma, rhinitis and atopic dermatitis. Mold sensitization is a risk factor for development and deterioration of upper airway allergy, especially chronic rhinosinusitis. We addressed the incidence of mold allergy measured as specific IgE to molds and skin prick tests in chronic sinusitis patients. We assessed ...

  13. Histoplasma capsulatum sinusitis: case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Marcelle D; Pinheiro, Lia; Manica, Denise; Fogliatto, Laura M; Fraga, Christina; Goldani, Luciano Z

    2011-01-01

    Histoplasma capsulatum has not typically been associated with sinusitis in either immunocompetent or immunocompromised hosts. We report a case of sinusitis caused by H. capsulatum in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and discuss the reported cases of this rare clinical manifestation of histoplasmosis in the medical literature.

  14. Treatment of Allergic Fungal Sinusitis:a Report of 31 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIHua-bin; LINZi-ping; XUWan-yun; XUJin

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effects of different surgical procedures on allergic fungal sinusitis. Methods: Thirty-one patients with allergic fungal sinusitis under endoscopic sinus surgery(24 cases) and Caldwell-Luc operation( 7 cases) after medical treatment were investigated. Results: No complication was observed during one year's follow-up. No patient who conducted endoscopic sinus surgery reacurred and 3 patients who received traditional surgery required a second operation. Conclusion: This confirmed endoscopic sinus surgery provided a minl-traumatic and effective treatment. Combined treatment of surgical and medical ways was useful to the development of allergic fungal sinusitis.

  15. [Update on Current Care Guideline: Sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hytönen, Maija; Nokso-Koivisto, Johanna; Huovinen, Pentti; Ilkko, Eero; Jousimaa, Jukkapekka; Kivistö, Juho; Korppi, Matti; Liira, Helena; Malmivaara, Antti; Numminen, Jura; Pirilä, Tapio

    2013-01-01

    Patients with common cold have often symptoms similar to sinusitis. These symptoms often resolve in time, but symptomatic treatment (e.g. analgesics, decongestants) may be used. If symptoms continue for over 10 days, or severe symptoms continue for over 3 days, or symptoms turn worse in the course of the disease, bacterial sinusitis should be suspected. Diagnosis is based on clinical findings, and can be confirmed with ultrasound examination. Amoxicillin, penicillin or doxicyclin are recommended for bacterial sinusitis. Patients with chronic or recurrent sinusitis should be referred to specialist care.

  16. The clinical effect of endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis and its relationship with clinical classification%鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎的疗效及其与临床分期的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑锋

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis and its relationship with clinical classification.Methods:84 patients with chronic sinusitis were selected,they were randomly divided into the two groups on average,patients in the control group were treated with traditional operation,while patients in the observation group were treated by endoscopic surgery,The two groups were followed up for 1 year,we compared the clinical efficacy.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was 71.43% better than that of the control group 92.86%,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The total effective rate of type I and type Ⅱ were significantly higher than that of type Ⅲ,the recurrence rate of sinusitis in the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:Endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic sinusitis can improve the clinical efficacy of patients,reduce the recurrence rate of postoperative sinusitis.%目的:观察鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎的疗效及其与临床分期的关系。方法:收治慢性鼻窦炎患者84例,随机平分为两组,对照组采用传统手术治疗,观察组采用鼻内镜手术治疗,两组术后均随访1年,比较术后临床疗效。结果:观察组治疗后总有效率92.86%,优于对照组的71.43%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);Ⅰ型、Ⅱ型总有效率均显著高于Ⅲ型;观察组术后鼻窦炎复发率显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎可提高患者的临床疗效,降低术后鼻窦炎的复发率。

  17. [Non-puncture treatment of sinusitis in nasal septal defects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shilenkova, V V; Markov, G I; Shilenkov, A A

    1994-01-01

    The [symbol: see text] sinus-catheter was used to treat purulent sinusitis with septal perforation or defective septum of the sinuses. The procedure described implies simultaneous introduction of two sinus-catheters the functioning channels of which unite into one output by means of T-joint. The method has been successfully tried in the treatment of exudative and aggravated chronic purulent hemisinusitis (6 cases). The authors hold that communication between nasal sinuses is not a contraindication for sinus-catheter application. This fact widely extends potentialities of its use.

  18. Chronic sphenoid rhinosinusitis: management challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charakorn N

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Natamon Charakorn, Kornkiat Snidvongs Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand Abstract: Chronic sphenoid rhinosinusitis is a spectrum of inflammatory diseases in isolated sphenoid sinus which may persist over a period of 12 weeks. It is a different entity from other types of rhinosinusitis because clinical presentations include headache, visual loss or diplopia, and patients may or may not have nasal obstruction or nasal discharge. Nasal endoscopic examination is useful, and computed tomography is mandatory. The disease requires comprehensive knowledge and appropriate imaging technique for diagnosis. To treat patients with chronic sphenoid rhinosinusitis, surgical treatment with endoscopic transnasal sphenoidotomy is often required. As there are no recent updated reviews of chronic sphenoid rhinosinusitis, in this article, we review the anatomy of the sphenoid sinus and its clinical relationship with the clinical signs and symptoms of the disease, the imaging findings of each diagnosis and the comprehensive surgical techniques. Keywords: sphenoid sinus, sphenoid sinusitis, chronic, rhinosinusitis, fungal rhinosinusitis, mucocele

  19. Dentigerous cyst associated with an ectopic third molar in the maxillary sinus: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srinivasa Prasad T

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic eruption of teeth into a region other than the oral cavity is rare although there have been reports of teeth in the nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process, palate, chin and maxillary sinus. Occasionally, a tooth may erupt in the maxillary sinus and present with local sinonasal symptoms attributed to chronic sinusitis. We present a case of an ectopic maxillary third molar tooth that caused chronic purulent sinusitis in relation to the right maxillary sinus.

  20. Ectopic eruption of a maxillary third molar tooth in the maxillary sinus: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büyükkurt, M Cemil; Tozoglu, Sinan; Aras, M Hamdi; Yolcu, Umit

    2005-08-15

    Ectopic eruption of teeth into regions other than the oral cavity is rare although there have been reports of teeth in the nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process, palate, chin, and maxillary sinus. Occasionally, a tooth may erupt in the maxillary sinus and present with local sinonasal symptoms attributed to chronic sinusitis. We present a case of an ectopic maxillary third molar tooth that caused chronic sinusitis in the maxillary sinus.

  1. Study of Relationship Between 64-slice CT Features and Chronic Rhino Sinusitis in Children with Adenoid Hypertrophy%儿童腺样体肥大的CT表现与慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王乐秋; 张瑞迪; 隋萍萍; 马秀凤; 李丽娟

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between 64-slice CT features and chronic rhino sinusitis in children with adenoid hypertrophy. Methods The noses of 125 children with adenoid hypertrophy were scanned by 64-slice CT. The relationship between incidence of chronic rhino sinusitis and the volume of adenoid measured by CT was analyzed statistically. Results Mild adenoid hypertrophy (A/N 0.05). While the moderate or severe hypertrophy is (A/N ≥ 0.61) more likely to cause chronic rhino sinusitis. There is positive correlation between the hypertrophy degree and the incidence of chronic rhino sinusitis(P<0.05). Conclusion The CT features of adenoid hypertrophy is closely related to chronic rhino sinusitis. It is of great significance to treat adenoid hypertrophy timely for the prevention of chronic rhino sinusitis.%目的 探讨腺样体肥大儿童中慢性鼻-鼻窦炎发病情况与其CT表现的关系.方法 对125例腺样体肥大的儿童行常规鼻部64排CT检查,统计分析慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的发生率与CT测量腺样体体积的关系.结果 腺样体轻度肥大(A/N<0.6)与慢性鼻-鼻窦炎发病与否无关(P >0.05).腺样体中重度肥大(A/N≥0.61)的患儿更易合并慢性鼻-鼻窦炎,且呈正相关关系(P <0.05).即随着腺样体肥大程度的增加,慢性鼻-鼻窦炎发病率亦增加.结论 儿童腺样体肥大CT表现与慢性鼻-鼻窦炎密切相关,及时治疗腺样体肥大对预防及治疗慢性鼻-鼻窦炎具有十分重要的意义.

  2. Sphenoid Sinusitis and Migraine-Type Headache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gordon Millichap

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Three case histories of children (ages 10, 12, and 14 years with isolated sphenoid sinusitis who presented with acute, subacute, and chronic headache symptoms resembling migraine are reported from the University of Texas-Houston Medical School.

  3. CT and MR findings of mycotic infection of the paranasal sinus: Differentiation from sinonasal neoplasm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kil Woo; Lim, Hyo Keun; Seo, Gwy Suk; Bae, Sang Hoon [College of Medicine, Hallyum University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Shin Hyung [National Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-03-15

    When a soft tissue mass in the bony wall of the paranasal sinus is present. It is difficult to make a distinction between tumor and inflammatory mass on CT. Fungal sinusitis may have soft tissue attenuation on the bony wall of the sinus, bony sclerosis, focal bony destruction, and calcific areas on CT. This is a report of four proven cases of fungal sinusitis, aspergillosis in 3 cases and mucormycosis in 1 case. All 4 patients had CT and one patient had MRI. On CT, bony sclerosis and destruction were well visualized in all cases. On MRI, mycetoma in the maxillary sinus was hypointense on T1 weighted images and more hypointense on T2 weighted images. Although CT appears to be the best modality for initial examination of the patient with sinusitis, the differentiation of fungal sinusitis from tumor mass or other entity may be better accomplished with MRI.

  4. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Computed Tomography (CT) - Sinuses Computed tomography (CT) of the ... of CT of the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly ...

  5. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the Sinuses? What is CT (Computed Tomography) of the Sinuses? Computed tomography, more commonly known as a ... of page What are some common uses of the procedure? CT of the sinuses is primarily used ...

  6. The analysis of clinical effect for endoscopic sinus surgery in the treatment of recurrent chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps%复发性慢性鼻窦炎鼻息肉的鼻内镜手术治疗的临床疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张炜; 范崇盛; 薛柯凡; 刘亚男; 王红洛

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical efficacy for nasal endoscopic surgery in the treatment of the recurrent sinus and nasal polyps. METHODS The clinical effects and complications of 325 cases with recurrent chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps by endoscopic sinus surgery were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical effect for endoscopic sinus surgery in the treatment of recurrent chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps was evaluated comprehensively. RESULTS 325 patients were taken the implementation of endoscopic sinus surgery, which carried out the first sinus surgery in 157 cases. 135 patients were cured after endoscopic nasal surgery, the cure rate was 85.99%. 93 cases were conducted with 2 sinus surgery after endoscopic nasal surgery, 69 cases were cured, and the cure rate was 73.91%. 52 cases were with three sinus surgery, 31 cases were cured, and the cure rate was 59.61%.23 cases were taken the implementation of over 4 sinus surgery, 11 cases were cured, and the cure rate was 47.83%. The cure rate for different patients with sinus surgery was significantly different (P < 0.05). The incidence of complications after endoscopic nasal surgery was increasing with the increase in the number of sinus surgery. CONCLUSION The endoscopic sinus surgery can cure for recurrent patients with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps effectively. But the cure rate of endoscopic sinus surgery is declining with the increase in the number of relapses sinus surgery. So we should take endoscopic sinus surgery as soon as possible for recurrence in patients to avoid the decrease of treatment efficacy for the repeated incidence.%目的 探讨鼻内镜手术用于复发性鼻窦鼻息肉的临床疗效.方法 回顾性分析325例复发性慢性鼻窦炎鼻患内患者采用鼻内镜手术治疗的临床效果及并发症情况,综合评价鼻内镜手术在复发性慢性鼻窦鼻患肉治疗的临床效果.结果 325例患者均实施鼻内镜手术,其中进行过1次鼻窦手术者157

  7. Migrating implant masquerading as acute sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The author presents a case of migrating miniplate screw presenting as acute on chronic sinusitis. Mini plates have been used in osteosynthesis of the mandible and maxillofacial surgery. In the last decade there has been an increase in the incidence of use of miniplates to stabilise Lefort II and III fractures involving the maxilla. The case report highlights the rare presentation of screw impinging on inferior turbinate in a patient who is a known case of chronic sinusitis presenting as acute...

  8. Radiological imaging of inflammatory lesions in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eggesboe, H.B. [Aker University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Oslo (Norway)

    2006-04-15

    Paranasal sinus development and pneumatisation variants are described, and rhinosinusitis and different patterns of inflammatory sinonasal diseases are reviewed. Other inflammatory sinonasal diseases, e.g., fungal sinusitis, mucocele, pyocele and sinonasal manifestations in systemic diseases, are briefly described. Computed tomography (CT) is the primary modality in diagnosing and mapping suspected inflammatory sinonasal disease. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is complementary to CT if fungal sinusitis, pyocele or malignancy are suspected. (orig.)

  9. Chronic Cranial Venous Sinus Thrombosis Retrospective Analysis from Our Hospital in Recent 5 Years%我院近5年慢性颅静脉窦血栓形成的回顾性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 赵新利; 任玉琴; 吴新艳; 谭军

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨我院近5年慢性颅静脉窦血栓形成患者的临床特点以及诊断与治疗方法。方法对我院神经内科近5年收治的慢性颅静脉窦血栓形成患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析。结果分别从发病率与危险因素、临床表现、眼底检查与腰椎穿刺、影像学检查以及治疗等5个方面进行总结。结论加深对慢性颅静脉窦血栓形成的了解程度有助于提升其临床诊断水平。%Objective To investigate the hospital nearly five years of chronic cranial venous sinus thrombosis in patients with clinical features and diagnostic and treatment methods. Methods The clinical neurology nearly 5 years admit ed with chronic cranial venous sinus thrombosis in patients with clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. The Results are from morbidity and risk factors, clinical manifestations, fundus examination and lumbar puncture, imaging and therapy five aspects summary. Conclusion deepen the chronic cranial venous sinus thrombosis help to improve the level of understanding of the clinical diagnosis.

  10. Sinusitis caused by Scopulariopsis brevicaulis: Case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Sattler

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of non-invasive sinusitis caused by Scopulariopsis brevicaulis in a 70-year-old immunocompetent patient who had an antibiotic-resistant suppurative tooth infection evolving for seven months. The sinus endoscopy highlighted a foreign body at the bottom of the sinus, which led to the hypothesis of fungal ball sinusitis. Culture of excised tissue was positive for S. brevicaulis.

  11. Bacterial sinusitis can be a focus for initial lung colonisation and chronic lung infection in patients with cystic fibrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanæs, Kasper

    2013-01-01

    A major purpose of treating patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is to prevent or delay chronic lung infections with CF-pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. In the intermittent stage, bacteria can usually be eradicated from the lungs with antibiotics, but following eradication, the next lung colonisa...... therapy, e.g. saline and antibiotic irrigations....

  12. Maxillary sinusitis caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kindo A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Lasiodiplodia (monotypic comprises a very small proportion of the fungal biota. It is a common plant pathogen in tropical and subtropical regions. Clinical reports on its association with onychomycosis, corneal ulcer and phaeohyphomycosis are available. However, Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fungal sinusitis has not been reported. We present here a case of fungal sinusitis in a 30-year-old woman, who came to the ENT OPD (out patient department with complaints of intermittent bleeding and nasal discharge from the left side for a week. The patient complained of headache, predominantly on the left side and heaviness on and off since two months. Diagnosis was based on radiological and mycological evidence; the patient underwent endoscopic surgery and was started on antifungal treatment.

  13. [Orbital complications of sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šuchaň, M; Horňák, M; Kaliarik, L; Krempaská, S; Koštialová, T; Kovaľ, J

    2014-12-01

    Orbital complications categorised by Chandler are emergency. They need early diagnosis and agresive treatment. Stage and origin of orbital complications are identified by rhinoendoscopy, ophtalmologic examination and CT of orbite and paranasal sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis and early stage of orbital cellulitis can be treated conservatively with i. v. antibiotics. Monitoring of laboratory parameters and ophtalmologic symptoms is mandatory. Lack of improvement or worsening of symptoms within 24-48 hours and advanced stages of orbital complications are indicated for surgery. The purpose of the study is to evaluate epidemiology, clinical features and management of sinogenic orbital complications. Retrospective data of 8 patients with suspicion of orbital complication admited to hospital from 2008 to 2013 were evaluated. Patients were analyzed in terms of gender, age, CT findings, microbiology, clinical features, stage and treatment. Male and female were afected in rate 1,66:1. Most of patients were young adult in 3rd. and 4th. decade of life (62,5 %). Acute and chronic sinusitis were cause of orbital complication in the same rate. The most common origin of orbital complication was ethmoiditis (62,5 %), than maxillary (25 %) and frontal (12,5 %) sinusitis. Polysinusitis with affection of ethmoidal, maxillary and frontal sinuses (75 %) was usual CT finding. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus were etiological agens in half of cases. Periorbital oedema (100 %), proptosis, chemosis (50 %), diplopia and glaucoma (12,5 %) were observed. Based on examinations, diagnosis of periorbital oedema/preseptal cellulitis was made in 3 (37,5 %), orbital cellulitis in 3 (37,5 %) and subperiosteal abscess in 2 cases (25 %). All patients underwent combined therapy - i. v. antibiotics and surgery within 24 hours. Eradication of disease from ostiomeatal complex (OMC), drainage of affected sinuses and drainage of subperiosteal abscess were done via fuctional endonasal

  14. Trombose do seio sigmóide associada à otite média crônica Sigmoid Sinus thrombosis associated to chronic otitis media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma de Oliveira Penido

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available A trombose séptica do seio sigmóide (TSSS é uma doença rara de tratamento controverso. OBJETIVO: Relatarmos nossa experiência, ressaltando os aspectos clínicos e terapêuticos. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo de seis casos de TSSS tratados nos últimos 10 anos. O diagnóstico foi confirmado através de angiorressonância com acompanhamento de seis meses a seis anos. RESULTADOS: O diagnóstico da TSSS só foi suspeitado durante a análise de imagem solicitada para avaliação de outras complicações de otite média crônica. Febre, cefaléia e paralisia facial foram as principais manifestações clínicas relacionadas aos diagnósticos de mastoidite, meningite e abscesso cerebelar. Não foi possível identificar nenhum sintoma específico de trombose do seio sigmóide. Em todos os pacientes foi realizado mastoidectomia com antibioticoterapia de largo espectro sendo mantido por três meses. Em três casos foi realizada anticoagulação e nos outros três não foi indicado este tipo de terapia. Todos os pacientes evoluíram bem sem seqüelas. CONCLUSÃO: O diagnóstico de TSSS tem sido realizado inesperadamente em pacientes com otites médias crônica com outras complicações associadas. Acreditamos que esta doença esteja sendo subdiagnosticada. Apesar de grave, o prognóstico clínico tem sido bom, apenas com mastoidectomia e antibioticoterapia.Otogenous lateral sinus thrombosis (OLST is a rare disease and presents a controversial treatment. AIM: Clinical aspects and treatment were reported based on our experience. METHODS: Retrospective study. Six cases of OLST were treated in our institution in the last ten years. Clinical and imaging data were analyzed. RESULTS: All six patients had the lateral sinus thrombosis detected during image evaluation for other symptoms related to chronic otitis media (COM complications. Fever, headache and facial paralysis were the main clinical manifestation related to mastoiditis, meningitis and

  15. 鼻内镜下额窦开放术治疗慢性额窦炎%Intranasal frontal sinusotomy under nasal en-doscope for chronic frontal sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈昌德; 王文; 黄静江; 王传喜

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨鼻内镜下以钩突上端为标志开放额窦在治疗慢性额窦炎中的应用方法。方法:总结88例慢性额窦炎在鼻内镜下以钩突上端为标志开放额窦。术前仔细阅读鼻窦CT,了解额窦、额隐窝气房发育及病变情况、钩突附着方式,术中以钩突上端为标志准确定位额窦口,清除阻塞额窦口的病变组织,使额窦引流通畅。结果:88例以钩突上端为标志均成功找到额窦开口。术后随访6~12个月,全部病例症状消失或改善,无术后严重并发症发生。结论:鼻内镜下以钩突上端为标志开放额窦是一种解剖结构易辨认、安全有效的术式,适用于大多数额窦病变。%Objective:To explore the treatment methods for chronic frontal si-nusitis by using the mark access of superior attachment of the uncinate process to the frontal sinus .Methods:Eighty-eight patients with chronic fron-tal sinusitis undergone frontal sinus surgery were included .Before procedure , nasal CT findings were examined in great detail to fully understand the struc-ture and lesion condition of the frontal sinus and frontal recess cell as well as the attachment of the uncinate process .Intranasal frontal sinusotomy was per-formed by referring to the tip attachment of the unicinate process ,with remov-al of the diseased tissues around the aperture of frontal sinus to ensure open frontal sinus drainage .Results:Opening of the frontal sinus was successfully anchored in the total 88 cases by the approaches described above .Postopera-tive follow-up from 6 to 12 months showed that all patients had recovered or had partial relief , and no serious postoperative complications occurred . Conclusion:Intranasal frontal sinusotomy under endoscope starting with the superior attachment of the uncinate process ensures easy recognition of the anatomical characteristics of the frontal sinus and safe procedure ,which may be recommendation in most lesions at

  16. [The role of carbocystein in the treatment of sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dąbrowski, Piotr; Leszczyńska, Małgorzata; Mielcarek-Kuchta, Daniela

    2012-09-01

    Chronic sinusitis is one of the most common presenting complaints of all doctor visits in the United States and Europe, with more than 13% of people affected in any given year. This disease has a wide range of impact on communities. Patients with recurrent or chronic sinusitis report a deteriorative sense of general health and vitality, when compared to general population. In our Department we perform about 600 functional endoscopic sinus surgeries (FESS) per year. Chronic rhinosinusitis represents a spectrum of inflammatory and infectious processes concurrently affecting the nose and paranasal sinuses. Among chronic paranasal sinusitis one must single out paranasal sinusitis with and without polyps. In the paranasal sinusitis patomechanism the blockage of natural ostium plays one of the most important roles. The closure of sinus proper ventilation passages leads to the triggering of many pathological occurrences within mucous membrane of this region. The treatment of paranasal sinusitis is diversified and involves a surgical procedure as well as anti-inflammatory and antiallergic drugs (medications) and mucolytics. Its purpose is to clear the nose through the elimination of bacterial infection, liquidating and removal of lying discharge and the restoration of the proper muco-ciliary transportation, and through this the improvement of local condition and faster recovery. In this work the usage of carboxycysteine to treat paranasal sinus conditions has been presented.

  17. Long-term efficacy and safety of very-low-dose amiodarone treatment for the maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation after successful direct-current cardioversion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JONG Gwo-ping; CHANG Mu-hsin; CHANG Ting-chuan; CHOU Pesus; FU Chong-yau; TIEN Li-yun; CHEN Chung-yin; MA Tso-chiang

    2006-01-01

    Background Long-term maintenance of sinus rhythm after successful conversion of chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF), often ameliorates patients' symptoms, reduces the risk of ischemic stroke and improves cardiovascular hemodynamics. This prospective study aims to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of very low-dose amiodarone (100 mg daily) for the maintenance of sinus rhythm after successful direct-current (DC)cardioversion in patients with CAF and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) post intervention.Methods This study was a randomized prospective trial. One day after successful DC cardioversion (remained normal sinus rhythm) in patients with CAF and RHD post intervention for more than six months and adequate anticoagulation, all were randomly administered either amiodarone 200 mg daily in group A or amiodarone 100mg daily in group B.Results A total of 76 patients (40 men and 36 women) were examined from February 1998 to December 1999.The mean age of the patients was (66±10) years, and the mean follow-up was (67±8) months (range 61 to 84months). Actuarial rates of the maintenance of sinus rhythm were similar in the two groups after 5 years of follow-up. Four patients (11%) in group A but none in group B experienced significant adverse effects that necessitated withdrawal of amiodarone. No death occurred during the study period.Conclusion A very low dose of amiodarone results in adequate long-term efficacy and is safe for maintaining sinus rhythm in patients with CAF and RHD post intervention after successful DC cardioversion.

  18. Image quality and radiation dose of single heartbeat 640-slice coronary CT angiography: A comparison between patients with chronic Atrial Fibrillation and subjects in normal sinus rhythm by propensity analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Cesare, Ernesto, E-mail: ernesto.dicesare@cc.univaq.it [Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, Division of Radiotherapy, Laboratory of Radiobiology, University of L’Aquila (Italy); Gennarelli, Antonio; Di Sibio, Alessandra; Felli, Valentina; Splendiani, Alessandra [Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, Division of Radiology, Laboratory of Radiobiology, University of L’Aquila (Italy); Gravina, Giovanni Luca [Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, Division of Radiotherapy, Laboratory of Radiobiology, University of L’Aquila (Italy); Masciocchi, Carlo [Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, Division of Radiology, Laboratory of Radiobiology, University of L’Aquila (Italy)

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: •Atrial Fibrillation (AF) may affect CCTA image quality. •We compare the results of single heartbeat CCTA in subjects with chronic AF and in sinus rhythm. •Single heartbeat CCTA may be feasible also in subjects with cAF and HR <72 bpm. •In cAF patients with heart rate higher than 72 bpm, CCTA has more movement-associated artefacts. •Mean effective dose of single heartbeat CCTA in cAF group was higher than in sinus rhythm one. -- Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate image quality and radiation dose of single heartbeat 640-slice coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in patients with chronic Atrial Fibrillation (cAF) in comparison with subjects in normal sinus rhythm. Methods: A cohort of 71 patients with cAF was matched with 71 subjects in normal sinus rhythm (NSR) and HR ≤ 65 bpm using a matched by propensity analysis. All subjects underwent a single heartbeat CCTA with prospective gating. In subjects with cAF, we manually established the acquisition of data only from a single heartbeat. Mean effective dose and image quality, with both objective and subjective measures, were assessed. Results: 96.4% of all segments in the cAF group had diagnostic image quality. The rate of subjects with at least one non-diagnostic segment was 14% and 2.8% (p = 0.031) in the cAF and NRS groups, respectively. In the cAF group, the percentage of patients with at least one non-diagnostic segment for acquisition HR ≤ 72 was 1.8% (1/55), and it did not significantly differ from the NSR group (2.8%; 2/71) (p = 1.0). Objective quality parameters did not show a statistically significant difference between the two groups. The mean effective dose was 4.24 ± 1.24 mSv in the cAF group and 2.67 ± 0.5 mSv in the sinus rhythm group (p < 0.0001) with an increase by 59% in the cAF group with respect to the SNR group. Conclusions: A single heartbeat acquisition protocol with a 640-slice prospectively ECG-triggered CT angiography may be feasible in patients with cAF and HR below 72

  19. Patient satisfaction and treatment outcome of fungus ball rhinosinusitis treated by functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Jui-Chung; Lee, Hong-Shen; Chen, Mu-Kuan; Tsai, Yao-Lung

    2011-02-01

    Fungal rhinosinusitis is an important clinical problem with diverse manifestations. Although many literatures had found low recurrence rate after surgical treatment of fungus ball rhinosinusitis, patient satisfaction and treatment outcomes (symptom-free and symptom improvement rate, etc.) for fungus ball sinusitis are not yet well established. The purpose of this study is to estimate the patient satisfaction and treatment outcome in patients with fungus ball rhinosinusitis undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Medical records of consecutive patients with diagnosed fungus ball rhinosinusitis treated by FESS between 1995 and 2005 were reviewed retrospectively. The post-operative improvement in individual symptom was assessed by chart review and telephone visiting. Ninety consecutive patients (21 men and 69 women) were eligible for the study. Six patients (7%) presented bilateral fungus ball rhinosinusitis. Multiple paranasal sinus fungus ball involvements were found in 48 patients (53%). Complete resolution of complaints with respect to nasal discharge, postnasal drip, cough with sputum, nasal bleeding, fetid odor of nose, olfactory dysfunction, nasal obstruction, headache, and facial pain or pressure were described in 74 patients (82%). The overall patient satisfaction rate was 96%. The estimated recurrence rate of fungus ball rhinosinusitis treated with FESS was 3%, with a mean follow-up of 81 months. Treatment protocol of fungus ball rhinosinusitis with FESS and without postoperative antifungal drugs is efficient because of very low recurrence rate, high patient satisfaction, and very high symptom-free rate. Furthermore, the obvious difference of symptom-free rate between fungus ball rhinosinusitis and chronic rhinosinusitis highlights the need of further studies to discover the pathophysiology of fungal sinusitis.

  20. Pacientes chagásicos crônicos portadores de disfunção do nódulo sinusal: a presença de anticorpos IgG com ação agonista muscarínica independe da disfunção ventricular esquerda? Chronic Chagas disease patients with sinus node dysfunction: is the presence of IgG antibodies with muscarinic agonist action independent of left ventricular dysfunction?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Beatriz Corrêa de Mello Altschüller

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudos mostram que anticorpos IgG agonistas muscarínicos, de pacientes chagásicos, alteram a atividade elétrica de células cardíacas in vitro. Outros consideram sua presença, e a da síndrome do nódulo sinusal, conseqüências da lesão cardíaca progressiva. Objetivou-se avaliar a relação entre os anticorpos e as disfunções nodal e ventricular esquerda, em 65 pacientes chagásicos crônicos divididos em grupo I, composto de 31 pacientes portadores da síndrome do nódulo sinusal, e grupo II, de não portadores. A análise dos dados, pelo modelo log linear, mostrou uma interdependência entre a disfunção do nódulo sinusal e os anticorpos (p=0,0021 e entre a disfunção nodal e a ventricular (p=0,0005, mas não houve relação entre esta última e os anticorpos. Idade e sexo não tiveram influência sobre as outras variáveis. Chagásicos crônicos com a síndrome do nódulo sinusal têm maior prevalência de anticorpos agonistas muscarínicos, independentemente da presença de disfunção miocárdica.Studies have shown that muscarinic agonist IgG antibodies from Chagas disease patients alter the electrical activity of cardiac cells in vitro. Others have considered their presence, along with sinus node dysfunction, to be consequences of progressive cardiac lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between these antibodies and sinus node and left ventricular dysfunction in 65 chronic Chagas disease patients. These patients were divided into group I, composed of 31 patients with sinus node dysfunction, and group II, composed of the patients without this syndrome. Data analysis using the log linear model showed interdependence between sinus node dysfunction and the antibodies (p = 0.0021 and between nodal and ventricular dysfunction (p = 0.0005. However, no relationship was found between the antibodies and ventricular function. Age and sex did not influence any other variables. The chronic Chagas disease patients

  1. The application of music therapy in children with chronic sinusitis in perioperative nursing%音乐疗法在儿童慢性鼻窦炎围手术期护理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈越; 王桂兰

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨音乐疗法在儿童慢性鼻窦炎手术围手术期的应用。方法:将66例慢性鼻窦炎手术患儿随机分为试验组和对照组,试验组33例患儿在常规护理外,同时给以音乐疗法。对照组33例患儿仅给予常规心理护理。结果:试验组患儿术前行为顺应性良好,术后疼痛明显减轻,饮食恢复明显高于对照组( P<0.05)。结论:音乐疗法用于儿童慢性鼻窦炎围手术期,能够显著改善疾病的转归,减少痛苦,促进患者尽快康复,提高生活质量。%Objective To investigate the effect of music therapy in the surgical treatment of chronic sinusitis in children. Method 66 children with chronic sinusitis surgery were randomly divided into experimental and control groups,33 patients in the experimental group were gave the routine care and music therapy. In the control group,33 patients were only gave the conventional psychological care. Results In the experimental group,the preoperative behavior of compliance was better,postoperative pain was significantly relieved,diet recovery was significantly faster compared with the control group( P<0. 05). Conclusion Music therapy for children with chronic sinusitis perioper-ative period,can significantly improve the prognosis of the disease,reduce pain,promote the patient recover as soon as possible,improve the quality of life.

  2. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... is painless, noninvasive and accurate. It’s also the most reliable imaging technique for determining if the sinuses ... CT scan of the sinuses, the patient is most commonly positioned lying flat on the back. The ...

  3. Histoplasma capsulatum sinusitis.

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Sinusitis is commonly reported in patients with AIDS. In addition to the usual bacterial pathogens isolated from immunocompetent patients, sinusitis in patients with AIDS may be caused by a variety of unusual bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and mycobacteria. Histoplasma capsulatum has not typically been associated with sinusitis in either group of patients. We report a case of sinusitis caused by H. capsulatum in a patient with AIDS.

  4. Historical and clinical features of 200 cases of equine sinus disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, P M; Parkin, T D; Collins, N; Hawkes, C; Townsend, N B; Fisher, G; Ealey, R; Barakzai, S Z

    2011-10-22

    The historical and clinical findings in 200 referred cases of equine sinus disease were reviewed retrospectively. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to detect significant differences in historical or clinical features between various categories of sinus disease. The causes of sinus disease were classified as subacute primary (less than two months duration) (n=52), chronic primary (more than two months duration) (n=37), dental (n=40), sinus cyst (n=26), traumatic (n=13) or mycotic sinusitis (n=7), sinus neoplasia (n=10), dental-related oromaxillary fistula (n=8) and intrasinus progressive ethmoid haematoma (n=7). The majority of sinus disorders were of chronic duration at the time of referral and most (including 97 per cent of chronic primary sinusitis cases) had not responded to previous antibiotic therapy and/or sinus lavage in some cases. Clinical signs included unilateral nasal discharge in most cases, including purulent or mucopurulent discharge in all horses with primary, dental and mycotic sinusitis. Haemorrhagic nasal discharge was a feature of traumatic sinusitis and intrasinus progressive ethmoid haematomas. Firm facial swellings and nasal airflow obstruction were features of sinus cysts and neoplasms. Ipsilateral lymphadenitis was a more prominent feature of sinus disease with active infections such as primary, dental or mycotic sinusitis.

  5. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... equipment to evaluate the paranasal sinus cavities – hollow, air-filled spaces within the bones of the face surrounding the ... paranasal sinus cavities. The paranasal sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces located within the bones of the face and ...

  6. Correlative factors and pathological types of fungal rhino-sinusitis%真菌性鼻鼻窦炎发病相关因素及病理分型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卿丽华

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the correlative factors and pathological types of fungal rhinosinusitis(FRS). Methods:Clinical data of 163 patients with FRS enrolled between June 2005 and March 2010 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Correlative factors and clinical features of FRS were investigated by using the multiple factor Logistic regression analysis. Pathological types of 163 cases of FRS were classified by using Gomori methenamine silvers taining, which was special for fungi. Results: Main risk factors for FRS were;over 50-year-old,female,hemato nasal discharge,headache,calcified plaque in CT scan,diabetes respectively. Amongl63 cases of FRS,61 cases were chronic invasive and 102 cases were non-invasive. Positive rate of fungal culture in patients with FRS was 93.86% and in normal controls was 22.38%,with statistical differences between them(P<0.05). Conclusions:FRS has lots of correlative factors. We should take different treatment schemes for different patients based on their pathological types and correlative factors of FRS in order to improve the therapeutic effects for FRS.%目的:探讨真菌性鼻鼻窦炎(fungal rhinosinusitis,FRS)的发病相关因素和病理分型.方法:对163例FRS患者的临床资料进行回顾性对照研究,采用非条件Logistic逐步回归分析方法,回顾性分析FRS发病的危险因素,筛查分析其发生的危险因素.对所有FRS患者,窦腔取材后采用真菌特异性六胺银染色方法进行了病理分型.结果:FRS发病的危险因素主要有年龄较大(≥50岁)、女性、涕血、头痛、有钙化斑,并发糖尿病等.163例FRS患者中,61例为侵袭性、102例为非侵袭性.FRS的真菌培养阳性率为:93.86%,正常对照组真菌培养阳性为22.38%,两组之间的差别有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:FRS的发病有诸多相关因素,结合FRS的相关因素和不同病理分型,采取有效的治疗措施,可以提高FRS的治疗效果.

  7. Facial osteomyelitis as complication of chronic sinusitis in hemophiliac-AIDS patients - scintigraphic evaluation with technetium-99m-MDP and Gallium-67; Osteomielitis da face como complicacao de sinusite cronica em hemofilicos aideticos - avaliacao cintilografica com {sup 99m} Tc-MDP e {sup 67} Ga

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, Marise da Penha Costa [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Otorrinolaringologia e Oftalmologia; Wolosker, Sara [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Radiologia; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia

    1997-01-01

    In the paper six cases of facial osteomyelitis as a complication of chronic sinusitis in hemophiliac-AIDS patients are reported. Osteomyelitis was suggested by an increasing of erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The diagnosis was confirmed by a positive {sup 99m} Tc MDP scintigraphy. The patients were submitted to clinical treatment. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and 67-gallium citrate scans were used in the follow-up of the therapy. Three patients had negative gallium after three weeks of organism-specific antibiotic therapy; in two patients the gallium scintigraphy remained positive. One patient did not undergo the radionuclide scan for this clinical conditions. These results suggest that MDP scans showed higher sensitivity and specificity in detection of bone disease in chronic sinusitis. Gallium scans appeared to be valuable tool in the follow-up of the infection. There are no reports in the literature of osteomyelitis as a complication of chronic sinusitis in AIDS patient. (author) 43 refs., 4 figs.

  8. [Invasive maxilar sinusitis by Rhizopus oryzae].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perea, S; del Palacio, A; Gil, R; de la Serna, J; Mata, R; Arribi, A

    1997-12-01

    We herein present a diabetic with non Hodgkin lymphoma patient that had been treated with steroids and developed fungal invasive sinusitis. The patient had intensive facial pain that did not respond to antibiotics and on clinical inspection had a necrotic lesion on right nasal area. A smear and biopsy tissue showed broad non septate hyphae and on cultures Rhizopus oryzae was isolated. There was an unfavorable outcome, and the patient died even though liposomal Amphotericin B was administered and surgical treatment was performed.

  9. Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus: report of a case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Ju Han; Kim, Gyu Tae; Choi, Yong Suk; Hwang, Eui Hwan [School of Dentistry, Kung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yu, Jae Jung [Kangdong Scared Heart Hospital, Hallym Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Aspergilloma of the paranasal sinus is a non-invasive form of aspergillosis, most often in the maxillary sinus. This case presents an 86-year-old female with aspergilloma of the left maxillary sinus. The patient's chief complaint was intermittent pain on the left maxillary first premolar area. A radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus was observed on the panoramic radiograph. Cone-beam computed tomography revealed complete radiopacification of the left maxillary sinus and scattered multiple radiopaque mass inside the lesion. Biopsy was performed under local anesthesia. On microscopic examination, numerous fungal hyphae, which branch at acute angle, were observed. The diagnosis was made as an aspergilloma based on the histopathologic examination.

  10. Effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on chronic rhinosinusitis%鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻-鼻窦炎疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔雪峰

    2015-01-01

    ; SNOT-20 and 5 items score after one month , six months and twelve months were significantly decreased ( P<0.05) .Conclusions Endoscopic surgery treating chronic nasal si-nusitis operation can significantly reduce symptoms integral, improve postoperative quality of life, and has high clinical value.

  11. Postoperative effects of sinus balloon catheter dilation on chronic rhinosinusitis:A meta-analysis%慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者鼻窦球囊扩张术后疗效的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于青青; 王跃建; 唐隽

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT]OBJECTIVEThis meta-analysis aims to evaluate the postoperative effects of sinus balloon catheter dilation on chronic rhinosinusitis.METHODS Pubmed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CNKI, Wanfang Data, CBM and VIP were searched for before-after self-controlled trials about the postoperative effects of sinus balloon catheter dilation on chronic rhinosinusitis from the date of establishment of the databases to April of 2015. The extracted data were analyzed by Revman 5.0.RESULTS A total of 8 studies were included. Meta-analysis showed the SNOT-20 scores at 3, 6, 12 months after operation, the Lund-Kennedy and VAS scores at 3 months after operation and the Lund-Mackay scores at 1 year after operation of the patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were significant lower than those before operation(P<0.05).CONCLUSION The postoperative effect of sinus balloon catheter dilation on chronic rhinosinusitis is obvious. Sinus balloon catheter dilation has a good application prospect in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.%目的:旨在评价鼻窦球囊扩张术(sinus balloon catheter dilation,SBCD)对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎(CRS)患者的临床疗效。方法计算机检索Pubmed、EMBASE、MEDLINE、中国知网、万方数据库、中国生物医学文献数据库和维普数据库中关于CRS患者SBCD后疗效的自身前后对照试验,时限为从建库到2015年4月。对纳入研究的质量进行严格评价与提取资料,对符合标准的文献进行系统评价,统计学分析应用RevMan 5.0软件。结果共纳入8篇自身前后对照试验。结果显示CRS患者SBCD后3个月、6个月及1年的SNOT-20评分,术后3个月的Lund-Kennedy评分与VAS评分,以及术后1年的Lund-Mackay评分均低于术前,其差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 CRS患者行SBCD后恢复快,并发症减少,SBCD在CRS的治疗中具有较好的应用前景。

  12. Exophiala oligosperma involved in a refractory chronic rhinosinusitis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Badali, H.; Hedayati, M.T.; Bahoosh, M.; Kasir, A.; Ghasemi, M.; Motahari, J.; Meis, J.F.G.M.; Hoog, G.S. de

    2011-01-01

    Fungal rhinosinusitis refers to a wide variety of conditions caused by fungal infections of the paranasal sinuses. Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis and sinus fungus balls are mostly noted in healthy individuals. Aspergillus species are supposed to be the most common etiologic agents of the disorder, b

  13. A Possible Association of Staphylococcus Enterotoxin B-induced Asthma and Sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In order to gain insight into a possible association between chronic sinusitis and asthma,85 patients with sinusitis and asthma underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgical treatment and serum antibodies and cytokines were measured. The results showed that 51 out of 85 patients with high serum anti-Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB) antibody before treatment obtained satisfactory results for both sinusitis and asthma. The high level of Th2 cytokine IL-4 was down regulated tothe levels of normal controls after sinus surgery. Thirty-four out of 85 patients did not show high serum anti-SEB antibody before sinus surgery and did not show much improvement in their asthmatic symptoms although sinusitis symptoms were resolved by sinus surgery. It was concluded that bacterial superantigen SEB (in the sinuses) might play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of lower airway hypersensitivity.

  14. 鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎患者的临床效果观察%Clinical Effect of Nasal Endoscopic Surgery in the Treatment of Chronic Sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李付国

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎患者的临床效果。方法:选取2014年3月-2016年3月在本院慢性鼻窦炎患者100例,根据随机数字表法分为鼻内镜组和传统径路组两组,每组各50例。传统径路组采取传统经鼻外径路手术治疗,鼻内镜组采取鼻内镜手术治疗。两组患者慢性鼻窦炎治疗总有效率、临床复发率、鼻中隔和下鼻甲粘连、眶周软组织淤血、上颌窦开口狭窄等并发症发生率、术前术后生活质量进行比较。结果:鼻内镜组慢性鼻窦炎治疗总有效率98.00%明显高于传统径路组78.00%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05),术后鼻内镜组生活质量(92.02±5.53)分明显优于传统径路组(82.98±4.72)分,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:鼻内镜手术治疗慢性鼻窦炎患者的临床效果确切,具有微创性、安全性,术中损伤小,可确切改善患者临床症状,减少并发症的发生,降低复发率,改善患者生活质量,值得推广应用。%Objective:To study the clinical effect of nasal endoscopic surgery in the treatment of patients with chronic sinusitis.Method:100 cases of chronic sinusitis in our hospital from March 2016 to March 2014 were selected and divided into two groups according to the random number table,50 cases of nasal endoscopic group and 50 cases in the traditional path group.Traditional route group was treated by traditional external nasal surgery, nasal endoscopic group was treated with nasal endoscopic surgery.The chronic sinusitis treatment total efficiency, clinical relapse rate,nasal septum and inferior turbinate adhesions,periorbital soft tissue congestion, maxillary sinus ostium stenosis and other complications, and quality life before and after surgery of two groups were compared. Result: The total effective rate of the nasal endoscopic group was 98.00% significantly higher than that of the traditional

  15. Effect of Azithromycin on NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery%阿奇霉素对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者术腔黏膜中NF-kBp65IL-8表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白永; 李娜; 赵慎林; 张旻

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of azithromycin on expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery. Methods 45 patients with chronic sinusitis and/or nasal polyps who were treated with endoscopic surgery 2 weeks previously were divided into 3 groups: 15 patients treated with local glucocorticoid as the control group, 15 patients were added with cephalosporin(500 mg, once a day) as another control group, others were added with Azithromycin(500 mg, once a day) as the experimental group. The PV-6000 immuno-histochemical method was applied to explore expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in nasal mucosa before and after 3-week medical therapy while counting the quantity of positive cells. Results Chronic inflammation was observed in nasal mucosa after endoscopic sinus surgery by HE staining. There were many inflammatory cells such as neutrophil cells and eosinophil cells under the mucosa] epithelium, and the neutrophil cells were the key cells. Expression of NF-kBp65 was positive in the cytoplasm and some nuclei of the mucosal epithelia and the inflammatory cells in nasal mucosa. Expression of IL-8 was positive in the cytoplasm of the mucosal epithelia and inflammatory cells in nasal mucosa. Expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 were significantly reduced in the mucosal epithelia and inflammatory cells of nasal mucosa after 3 weeks medical treatment compared with that of pre-treatment in the three groups (P 0. 05).Conclusion Azithromycin in combination with local glucocorticoid is better than glucocorticoid to inhibit expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in mucosal epithelia and inflammatory cells in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis and/or nasal polyps after endoscopic sinus surgery. It is an effective method to cure chronic inflammation of nasal mucosa in the nasal cavity after endoscopic sinus surgery.%目的 观察阿奇霉素对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者术腔黏膜中NF-kBp65、IL-8表达的影响,探讨阿奇霉素治疗术

  16. 慢性鼻窦炎鼻内镜手术中额筛区骨瘤的处理%Surgical strategy for osteoma during endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛文彤; 李云川; 倪鑫

    2013-01-01

    Objective To realize the characteristics of occurrence and distribution of osteoma found in patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) due to chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps (CRSwNP/CRSsNP),and to discuss the surgical strategy for this tumor.Methods Clinical data of 520 adult patients undergoing ESS due to CRSwNP/CRSsNP from Nov.2006 to Jan.2010 was analyzed retrospectively.The clinical data included the occurrence and location of osteoma,involvement of lamina papyracea/anterior skull base,surgical strategy for the tumor,surgical complications and so on.Results Osteoma was found in 26 of the 520 cases.The occurrence rate was 5% (26/520 cases),with the size of0.4 cm×0.4 cm ×0.4 cm to 1.5 cm ×1.5 cm× 3.0 cm.Most of them were isolated (23/26) and located in frontal sinus (13 cases) or anterior ethmoid sinus (11 cases).Involvement of anterior skull base and orbital wall was respctively found in 7 and 4 cases.Of all the 26 patients,20 cases were treated with complete endoscopic resection,2 with partial endoscopic resection,and 7 without any intervention.All patients had neither immediate nor long-term postoperative orbit/skull base complications.Conclusions Osteoma is not uncommon in CRSwNP/CRSsNP patients undergoing ESS.This tumor is usually isolated without apparent symptoms and occasionally found in sinus CT.Anterior ethmoid sinus and frontal sinus are most frequently involved.Complete endoscopic resection of the tumor can be achieved in most cases.Under the premise of ensuring sufficient drainage,partial endoscopic resection or nonintervention of the tumor is also acceptable.%目的 了解因慢性鼻-鼻窦炎伴/不伴鼻息肉(chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps,CRSwNP/CRSsNP)接受ESS的患者中骨瘤的发病情况、分布特点,讨论其术中处理原则.方法 回顾分析2006年11月~2010年1月因CRSwNP/CRSsNP接受ESS的520例患者中26例患者合并骨瘤的发病情况、术中

  17. Nonrespiratory Sinus Arrhythmia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbosa Filho José

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available We report here 2 cases of sinus arrhythmia considered to be a form of nonrespiratory sinus arrhythmia because they did not have variances in the RR interval sequence within the oscillations modulated by respiration. Because the patients had pulsus alternans similar that observed in bigeminy, and because they did not have signs or symptoms of heart failure, we believe the arrhythmias represent intrinsic alterations of the electric activity of the sinus node

  18. Pilonidal Sinus of the Penis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugh F. O'Kane

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A pilonidal sinus is a subcutaneous sinus containing hair. It is most commonly found in the natal cleft of hirsute men. Here we describe the unusual finding of a pilonidal sinus arising on the male foreskin.

  19. Nursing of endoscopic sinus surgery in the treatment of children with chronic rhinosinusitis%鼻内镜手术治疗儿童慢性鼻窦炎的护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚薇薇

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨鼻内镜手术治疗儿童慢性鼻窦炎的观察和护理.方法 对54例14岁以下慢性鼻窦炎患儿行功能性鼻内窥镜手术后术前、术后一般护理、术腔护理及并发症护理等环节进行回顾性分析.结果 54例儿童慢性鼻窦炎有效51例,有效率94.4%,无颅内及眼部并发症出现.随访1年以上,采用系统护理方法,能促进鼻腔鼻窦黏膜生理功能恢复,减少和预防并发症发生,与手术本身同样重要.结论 重视和加强术后一般护理及术腔护理,定期随访,可明显提高儿童慢性鼻窦炎治愈率.%Objective To explore the observation and nursing of endoscopic sinus surgery in the treatment of children with chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods Fifty - four children under 14 years old with chronic rhinosinusitis were included in the study and they received functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Preoperative nursing,postoperative nursing,surgical cavity nursing and nursing of complications were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Results In all 54 cases,51 cases were effectively cured with a cure rate of 94.4% ,and there were no ocular or intracranial complications. The results of over one - year follow - up showed that systematic nursing promoted the restoration of physiological functions of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus mucosa,and it also reduced and prevented the complications,which was as important as the surgery itself. Conclusion Emphasis and reinforcement of postoperative nursing and surgical cavity nursing as well as regular follow -up can improve the cure rate of chronic rhinosinusitis in children.

  20. Odontogene sinusitis maxillaris

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijerman, J.E.

    1972-01-01

    Een oroantrale fistel blijkt in 51,7% der gevallen geleid te hebben tot een chronische en slechts in 29,2% tot een acute sinusitis (tabel 7 blz.72). Een verklaring hiervoor is vermoedelijk de goede drainagemogelijkheid van de sinus doordat het ostium meestal open is en bovendien afvoer van de pus vi

  1. Sinus MRI scan

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A CT scan may be preferred in emergency cases, since it is faster and often available in the emergency room. Note: MRI is not as effective as CT in defining the anatomy of the sinuses, and therefore is not typically used for suspected acute sinusitis.

  2. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sinus cavities (cancerous or non-cancerous growths), leaking brain fluid into the nose, tear duct blockage, and others. Additionally, recent advances ... bone at the bottom of the brain and brain itself that are next to the nose and sinuses have been removed via the nostril, ...

  3. Allergen Immunotherapy in an HIV+ Patient with Allergic Fungal Rhinosinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Patients with HIV/AIDS can present with multiple types of fungal rhinosinusitis, fungal balls, granulomatous invasive fungal rhinosinusitis, acute or chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis, or allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS). Given the variable spectrum of immune status and susceptibility to severe infection from opportunistic pathogens it is extremely important that clinicians distinguish aggressive fungal invasive fungal disease from the much milder forms such as AFRS. Here we descr...

  4. Análise microbiológica em secreção de seio maxilar nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica Maxillary sinuses microbiology from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Mantovani

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Não existem dados definitivos e consistentes sobre a real distribuição dos microorganismos presentes em pacientes com Rinossinusite Crônica (RSC. A variabilidade dos resultados de estudos em RSC deve-se às diferentes técnicas utilizadas como método de coleta, variações nos métodos de cultura, uso prévio de antibiótico, dificuldade de se distinguir agentes colonizadores e patogênicos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico-prospectivo. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência dos microrganismos presentes nos pacientes com RSC na nossa região, através da cultura da secreção do seio maxilar, coletada sob visão endoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em 62 pacientes com RSC, submetidos à coleta de secreção de seio maxilar por via endoscópica, com material enviado para cultura para diagnóstico microbiológico. RESULTADOS: Das 62 amostras estudadas, em 33 (53,2% não houve crescimento de microrganismos; 29 (45,2% apresentaram isolamento de aeróbios; um caso (1,6% mostrou crescimento de fungo; não houve o isolamento de microrganismos anaeróbios. Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi isolada com maior frequência - em 8 amostras (27,6%, Staphylococcus aureus e Staphylococcus epidermidis em 4 amostras cada um (13,9%, Streptococcus pneumoniae em 3 amostras (10,4%, outros Gram-negativos em 17 amostras (31%. CONCLUSÃO: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, outras bactérias Gram-negativas e Staphylococcus spp constituíram a microbiota predominante nos seios paranasais de pacientes com RSC.There isn't definitive and consistent data concerning the distribution of bacterial species in patients with Chronic Sinusitis (CS. The variability of the results from studies in CS may be due to the different techniques used as collection method, variations in culture methods, previous antibiotic use, and difficulty in distinguishing bacterial flora from pathogenic agents. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: To identify the incidence of microorganisms in patients with

  5. Maxillary reconstruction and placement of dental implants after treatment of a maxillary sinus fungus ball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colletti, Giacomo; Felisati, Giovanni; Biglioli, Federico; Tintinelli, Roberto; Valassina, Davide

    2010-01-01

    A fungus ball is one of the fungal diseases that can affect the paranasal sinuses. It requires surgical treatment. Because there is only one previously reported case of dental implant placement after treatment of a maxillary sinus fungus ball, the authors here report on a case of a maxillary sinus fungus ball with bone erosion that was treated surgically with a combined endoscopic endonasal and endoral (Caldwell-Luc) approach. One year later, a graft from the ilium was obtained and a sinus elevation was performed to allow the placement of dental implants. Three months later, the dental implants were placed, and they were all osseointegrated at the 9-month follow-up.

  6. Orbital Complications of Sinusitis A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Introduction: Despite availability of excellent antibiotics, orbital complications’ following sinusitis is rather common. With the emergence of fungal sinusitis orbital involvement by the disease is getting frequent. Prevalence of life style disorders like diabetes mellitus has added to the woes. This article attempts to review the entire gamut of orbital complications following sinus infections. Aim: This study aims at analyzing orbital complications following sinusitis at Government Stanley Medical College Hospital during the period 2009 – 2013. Study design: Retrospective study Methodology: Cases with rhinosinusitis treated in our Institution during the period 2009-2013 were taken up for analysis. 112 patients were chosen for the study. Their case records were analyzed. CT scan images taken during the time of admission were also evaluated. Patients with orbitalcomplications following rhinosinusitis were included. Chandler’s classification was used to categorize the stage of disease. Results: 112 patients were included in the study. 76 Male patients 36 Female patients 26 patients developed orbital complications Number of male patients with orbital complication – 22 Number of female patients with orbital complication – 4 Number of patients who died due to complications - 2 Conclusion: High degree of suspicion, early diagnosis and aggressive medical management of Chandler’s categories I and II will go a long way in preventing irreparable damage to vision. All our patients were managed initially with parenteral antibiotics. Patients who do not show improvement even after 4 days of antibiotic therapy were taken up for surgical management.

  7. Vitapex糊剂治疗乳牙窦道型慢性根尖周炎的临床观察%Clinical ananalysis of treating sinus chronic periapical with vitepax or zinc oxide eugenol paste

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵海荣; 卫粉兰; 谭德华; 籍增平

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of two root canal pastes in the treatment of deciduous teeth sinus chronic periapical apical abscess. Methods The treatment of 125 cases of a total of 148 sinus deciduous teeth periapical cases,collected in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2012,were randomly divided into treatment group (optional vitepax as a root canal sealers) and control group (optional zinc oxide eugenol paste as a root canal sealers). There are 74 teeth in root canal treatment in each group. Follow-up observation of six months , the efficacy of two groups were compared. Results The success rate of treatment group is 93.59%, while the other`s is 80.00%. There were statistically significant difference between Vitapex group and zinc oxide eugenol paste group in short-time clinical effect(P<0.05).Conclusion Vitapex shows more significant efficacy than zinc oxide eugenol paste in treating deciduous teeth sinus chronic periapical.%目的观察对比两种根充材料Vitapex、氧化锌丁香油糊剂用于治疗乳牙窦道型慢性根尖周炎的疗效。方法选择2010年1月-2012年12月间于我院口腔科门诊就诊的125例共148颗窦道型乳牙根尖周炎病例,随机分为治疗组(选用Vitapex作为根充糊剂)78颗患牙和对照组(选用氧化锌丁香油糊剂作为根充糊剂)70颗患牙行根管治疗,并于术后追踪观察6个月,比较2组的疗效。结果治疗组成功率为93.59%,对照组成功率为80.00%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论治疗乳牙窦道型慢性根尖周炎,Vitapex糊剂比氧化锌丁香油糊剂效果更为显著,具有方便、快捷、术后不良反应轻等优点,值得临床推广应用。

  8. Unusual Case of Sinusitis Related to Ectopic Teeth in the Maxillary Sinus Roof/Orbital Floor: A Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chagas Júnior, Otacílio Luiz; Moura, Lucas Borin; Sonego, Camila Leal; de Farias, Eduardo Oliveira Campos; Giongo, Caroline Comis; Fonseca, Alisson André Robe

    2016-09-01

    This article presents a case report of an adult patient with chronic sinusitis related to the presence of two erupted ectopic teeth located atypically in the maxillary sinus roof/orbital floor after a long latency period associated with childhood facial trauma. This article aims to show the treatment of chronic sinusitis of odontogenic origin by surgical removal of ectopic teeth in an unusual position by direct visualization. This case report discusses the signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis linked to the presence of ectopic elements and associated with an inflammatory cyst, the choice of complementary tests for diagnosis and surgical treatment through the Caldwell-Luc procedure. After a 2-year follow-up period, the patient presently shows clinical improvement, thus demonstrating the success of the chosen treatment.

  9. Fulminant Mucormycosis Involving Paranasal Sinuses: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komali Garlapati

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fulminant fungal infection, which has the ability to cause significant morbidity and frequently mortality in the susceptible patient. Common predisposing factors include diabetes mellitus and immunosuppression. The infection begins in the nose and paranasal sinuses due to inhalation of fungal spores. The fungus invades the arteries leading to thrombosis that subsequently causes necrosis of the tissue. The infection can spread to orbital and intracranial structures either by direct invasion or through the blood vessels. Here we describe a case of mucormycosis of maxillary antrum extending to ethmoidal and frontal sinus and also causing necrosis of left maxilla in an uncontrolled diabetic individual to emphasize early diagnosis and treatment of this fatal fungal infection.

  10. Lesson Nine Sinus node dysfunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁端; 吴文烈

    2004-01-01

    @@ Sinus node dysfunction most often is found in the elderly as an isolated phenomenon. Although interruption of the blood supply to the sinus node may produce dysfunction, the correlation between obstruction of the sinus node artery and clinical evidence of sinus node dysfunction is poor.

  11. Microbiologia dos seios maxilar e etmoidal em pacientes com rinossinusite crônica submetidos à cirurgia funcional endoscópica dos seios paranasais Microbiology of the maxillary and ethmoid sinuses in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis submitted to functional endoscopic sinus surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Faria de Aguiar Nigro

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudos da microbiologia da rinossinusite crônica mostram a presença de microorganismos aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, fungos e vírus e sua incidência varia de acordo com cada estudo. Estes estudos nos guiam para a escolha do antimicrobiano mais adequado para eliminar o processo infeccioso, ajudando a restaurar a mucosa nasossinusal. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico prospectivo. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a microbiologia dos seios maxilar e/ou etmoidal de pacientes com rinossinusite crônica e com indicação de cirurgia funcional endoscópica dos seios paranasais. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Durante a cirurgia coletamos, em 41 pacientes, secreção e/ou fragmento de mucosa dos seios maxilar e/ou etmoidal para realização de bacterioscopia, pesquisa direta de fungos, cultura para microorganismos aeróbios, anaeróbios e fungos. RESULTADOS: Identificou-se a presença de microorganismos aeróbios em 21 pacientes (51,2%, anaeróbios em 16 (39% e fungos em 1 (2,4%. Na população estudada, apenas em 12 (29,2% o microorganismo isolado foi considerado patogênico quando analisado junto à contagem semiquantitativa de leucócitos. O Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo e o Staphylococcus aureus foram os microorganismos mais freqüentes, em 5 (12,1% e em 4 pacientes (9,75% respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo revela que o Staphylococcus coagulase-negative e o Staphylococcus aureus foram os microorganismos mais freqüentes isolados nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica.Chronic rhinosinusitis microbiology studies show the presence of aerobe and anaerobe microorganisms, fungus and virus and their incidence vary according to each study. These studies guide us on choosing the most adequate antimicrobial agent to eliminate the infectious process, thus, helping in restoring rhinosinusal mucosa. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective. AIM: This work aimed at studying the microbiology of the maxillary and/or ethmoid sinuses of patients with chronic

  12. [Atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. Analysis of progression stages. Apropos of 4 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazan, A; Le Roy, A; Chevalier, E; Benzaken, J; Waisberg, A; Cymbalista, M; Adotti, F; Peytral, C

    1998-12-01

    We analyzed atelectasic processes occurring in the maxillary sinus. Several publications in the literature have tempted to analyze the pathogenesis. Clinically the processes are often silent and only revealed when the major opthalmological complication, enophthalmia, becomes patent. In other cases there is a long history of chronic sinusitis. There is a spectacular retraction of the maxillary sinus walls leading to collapse of the orbital floor and enophthalmia. We report four cases of maxillary sinusitis with atelectasia of the sinus walls at different stages of progression. These observations and data in the literature emphasize the importance, whatever the state of development, of endoscopic osteal decompression to avoid ophthalmological complications.

  13. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... benefits vs. risks? Benefits A CT scan is one of the safest means of studying the sinuses. ... CT scanning provides very detailed images of many types of tissue as well as the lungs, bones, ...

  14. Fungal arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000444.htm Fungal arthritis To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Fungal arthritis is swelling and irritation (inflammation) of a joint ...

  15. Fungal Meningitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Schedules Preteen & Teen Vaccines Meningococcal Disease Sepsis Fungal Meningitis Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... the brain or spinal cord. Investigation of Fungal Meningitis, 2012 In September 2012, the Centers for Disease ...

  16. Frontal Sinus Patency after Extended Frontal Sinusotomy Type III

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajbeygi, Mansour; Nadjafi, Ali; Amali, Amin; Saedi, Babak; Sadrehosseini, Seyed Mousa

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The surgical management of chronic frontal sinus disorders remains a challenge for rhinologists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the result of Draf III in a series of patients who underwent this procedure. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients were included in this study. Demographic data, history of prior surgery, asthma, aspirin sensitivity and Lund–Mackay score were recorded. A visual analog scale was used for frontal-related symptoms. Patients were followed for a mean duration of 17.5 months and the patency of the frontal sinus ostium was closely monitored. Results: Fifteen patients with chronic frontal sinusitis, two patients with mucoceles, two with malignancy, and one with osteoma underwent Draf III. The mean symptoms score significantly decreased from 5.9 to 3. No ostial closure was seen in the follow-up period. Among 15 patients with chronic frontal sinusitis, 12 had patent ostia of whom three had significant stenosis. All patients with mucocele and osteoma had patent ostia in the follow-up period but patients with sinonasal malignancy showed significant stenosis. Conclusion: Draf III frontal sinusotomy is successful in alleviating patient symptoms and the frontal sinus neo-ostium will remain patent in long-term follow-up of most patients. Revision surgery will be required in some cases, which seems to be related to the nature of the underlying chronic sinus diseases. PMID:27738610

  17. Measurement of velocity of air flow in the sinus maxillaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müsebeck, K; Rosenberg, H

    1979-03-01

    Anemometry with the hot wire and hot film technique previously described, enables the rhinologist to record slow and rapidly changing air flow in the maxillary sinus. The advantages and disadvantages of this method are considered. Anemometry together with manometry may be designated sinumetry and used as a diagnostic procedure following sinuscopy in chronic maxillary sinus disease. The value of the function from velocity of time allows the estimation of flow-volume in the sinus. Furthermore, the method is useful to evaluate the optimal therapy to restore ventilation in the case of an obstructed ostium demonstrated before and after surgical opening in the inferior meatus.

  18. Incidental sinus abnormalities in 256 patients referred for brain MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanaati H

    2007-06-01

    with chronic sinusitis by physician. Conclusion: Our results showed that there was a high rate of incidental abnormalities in the paranasal sinuses that are unrelated to the patient's presenting problems.

  19. The Putative Role of Viruses, Bacteria, and Chronic Fungal Biotoxin Exposure in the Genesis of Intractable Fatigue Accompanied by Cognitive and Physical Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Gerwyn; Berk, Michael; Walder, Ken; Maes, Michael

    2016-05-01

    Patients who present with severe intractable apparently idiopathic fatigue accompanied by profound physical and or cognitive disability present a significant therapeutic challenge. The effect of psychological counseling is limited, with significant but very slight improvements in psychometric measures of fatigue and disability but no improvement on scientific measures of physical impairment compared to controls. Similarly, exercise regimes either produce significant, but practically unimportant, benefit or provoke symptom exacerbation. Many such patients are afforded the exclusionary, non-specific diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome if rudimentary testing fails to discover the cause of their symptoms. More sophisticated investigations often reveal the presence of a range of pathogens capable of establishing life-long infections with sophisticated immune evasion strategies, including Parvoviruses, HHV6, variants of Epstein-Barr, Cytomegalovirus, Mycoplasma, and Borrelia burgdorferi. Other patients have a history of chronic fungal or other biotoxin exposure. Herein, we explain the epigenetic factors that may render such individuals susceptible to the chronic pathology induced by such agents, how such agents induce pathology, and, indeed, how such pathology can persist and even amplify even when infections have cleared or when biotoxin exposure has ceased. The presence of active, reactivated, or even latent Herpes virus could be a potential source of intractable fatigue accompanied by profound physical and or cognitive disability in some patients, and the same may be true of persistent Parvovirus B12 and mycoplasma infection. A history of chronic mold exposure is a feasible explanation for such symptoms, as is the presence of B. burgdorferi. The complex tropism, life cycles, genetic variability, and low titer of many of these pathogens makes their detection in blood a challenge. Examination of lymphoid tissue or CSF in such circumstances may be warranted.

  20. 鼻内窥镜治疗慢性牙源性上颌窦炎的临床观察%The Clinical Observation of Nasendoscopy Surgery on Patients with Chronic Odontogenic Maxillary Sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋卫; 巩清梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To explore the therapeutic efficacy of surgery with nasendoscopy on chronic odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Methods:The clinical data of 32 surgical patients with chronic odontogenic sinuitis of highmore antrum were retrospectively analysed, all cases undergone antrostomy in highmore antrum via middle nasal meatus with nasendoscopy. Results:No symptom such as cheek swelling,cheek numbness in all cases. The incidence rate of exelcymosis was 34.4%(11/32),and teeth were preserved well by root canal therapy in 9 cases .apertures of nasal meatus recovered to be unobstructed after 3 to 6 months,no recurrence was found after 3 year follow-up visit.Conclusions:nasendoscopy surgery can utmost reduce trauma to mucous membrane of maxillary sinus. There were more therapeutic advantages in patients with antrostomy in highmore antrum via middIe nasaI meatus with nasendoscopy in the tooth preservation and prevention of recurrence.%  目的:探讨应用鼻内窥镜治疗慢性牙源性上颌窦炎的效果。方法:回顾性分析32例慢性牙源性上颌窦炎患者,均采用经鼻内窥镜下联合进路中鼻道上颌窦造口,观察其疗效。结果:所有病例均无面颊肿胀、面颊麻木、上牙槽酸痛等症状,全组病例拔牙率为34.4%(11/32),9例经根管治疗的牙齿保存良好;随访3年未见复发。结论:鼻内窥镜手术能最大限度减少上颌窦黏膜及骨质的损伤,利于术后恢复,在保留鼻窦正常生理功能、保存牙齿及减少复发率等方面有较好效果。

  1. Segmentation of Sinus Images for Grading of Severity of Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iznita Izhar, Lila; Sagayan Asirvadam, Vijanth; Lee, San Nien

    Sinusitis is commonly diagnosed with techniques such as endoscopy, ultrasound, X-ray, Computed Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Out of these techniques, imaging techniques are less invasive while being able to show blockage of sinus cavities. This project attempts to develop a computerize system by developing algorithm for the segmentation of sinus images for the detection of sinusitis. The sinus images were firstly undergo noise removal process by median filtering followed by Contrast Limited Adapted Histogram Equalisation (CLAHE) for image enhancement. Multilevel thresholding algorithm were then applied to segment the enhanced images into meaningful regions for the detection and diagnosis of severity of sinusitis. The multilevel thresholding algorithms based on Otsu method were able to extract three distinct and important features namely bone region, hollow and mucous areas from the images. Simulations were performed on images of healthy sinuses and sinuses with sinusitis. The developed algorithms are found to be able to differentiate and evaluate healthy sinuses and sinuses with sinusitis effectively.

  2. Effect of Low Temperature Plasma Radiofrequency Ablation in the Treatment of Chronic Sinusitis in Children%腺样体低温等离子射频消融术对儿童慢性鼻窦炎治疗效果的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡灿辉

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察鼻内镜下腺样体消融术对儿童腺样体肥大伴慢性鼻窦炎的治疗效果。方法:将231例腺样体肥大伴慢性鼻窦炎的患儿分为两组,手术组116例,药物组115例,随访观察3个月,比较两组治疗情况。结果:手术组患儿总有效率为95.68%,比药物组的71.30%高(P<0.05)。结论:腺样体消融术对儿童慢性鼻窦炎的疗效具有积极影响。%Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of nasal endoscopic adenoid ablation in the treatment of adenoid hypertrophy and chronic sinusitis in children.Method:231 cases of patients with chronic sinusitis of adenoid hypertrophy were divided into two groups,116 cases in the operation group,115 cases in the medicine group.Follow up observation for 3 months,the treatment of two groups were compared.Result:The total effective rate of the operation group was 95.68%,the medicine group was 71.30%,the total effect of the operation group was higher than that of the medicine group, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:The effect of adenoid ablation on chronic sinusitis in children has a positive effect on the treatment of chronic sinusitis in children.

  3. ORBITAL MANIFESTATIONS OF SINUS DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyothirmayi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM : To study the orbital manifestations in patients with sinus disease. METHODS : Patients wit h paranasal sinus disease presenting to OPD at Government ENT Hospital, AMC, Visakhapatnam from January 2012 to June 2014 were screened for orbital manifestations. Out of these, thirteen patients with orbital disease were referred to GREH, AMC, Visakhapatn am and were thoroughly investigated and managed appropriately. RESULTS : Out of the 14 patients 4 were female and 10 were male. Age ranged from 19 years to 70 years. 5 had maxillary sinus disease (4 - carcinoma and 1 case of mucormycosis. Frontal sinus dis ease was seen in two patients, one fibrous dysplasia and one malignancy. Five patients had ethmoidal sinus disease of which three patients were found to have ethmoidal sinus tumour (Malignant melanoma, Squamous cell Carcinoma. More than two sinuses were i nvolved in 2 patients. CONCLUSIONS : Early screening of patients with sinus disease by an Ophthalmologist can help in preventing severe vision threatening orbital complications.

  4. Biofilm colonization in chronic treatment refractory infections presenting with discharging sinuses: A study in a tertiary care hospital of Eastern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    De, Asmita; Raj, Hirak Jyoti; Haldar, Jayeeta; Mukherjee, Poulami; Maiti, Prasanta Kumar

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Treatment refractory chronic recurrent infections mean those chronic infections which recur by same causal agents with similar drug responsiveness after apparent relief following full course of recommended antimicrobial management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty different samples were collected from patients with chronic surgical site infections, laparoscopic port site infections, anal fistula, mesh hernioplasty, chronic dacryocystitis, chronic osteomyelitis, and chronic burn wounds. Samples were processed for culture, identification, antibiotic sensitivity testing using standard microbiological techniques. Biofilm (BF) forming capacity for aerobic organisms were tested by tissue culture plate method. Those for anaerobes and atypical mycobacteria were studied by a novel method using atomic force microscopy (AFM). In vivo BF colonization in lacrimal mucosae of chronic dacryocystitis, patients were studied from histopathological sections by Gram staining, H and E, and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). RESULTS: Out of fifty different samples, sixty-three isolates were obtained in pure culture as follows: Staphylococcus aureus (25.39%), Escherichia coli (14.28%), Klebsiella pneumonia (14.28%), Mycobacterium abscessus (12.69%), Citrobacter spp. (9.52%), Bacteroides fragilis (6.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.7%), Proteus spp. (4.7%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (3.1%), Enterobacter spp. (1.5%), Morganella morganii (1.5%), and Peptostreptococcus spp. (1.5%). Among the isolates, 74% were found to be BF producers in the following frequency: P. aeruginosa 100%, S. epidermidis 100%, B. fragilis 100%, Klebsiella spp. 88.88%, S. aureus 81.25%, M. abscessus 75%, Citrobacter spp. 83.33%, Proteus spp. 66.66%, E. coli spp. 33.33%, and Enterobacter spp. 0%. CONCLUSION: AFM has been proven to be a useful method for detection of in vitro grown BF including those for anaerobes and atypical Mycobacteria. In vivo BF detection becomes possible by FISH. S. aureus was the

  5. Analysis of Risk Factors of Fungal Rhinosinusitis and Its Comparison with Clinical Manifestations of Chronic Rhinosinusitis%引起真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的危险因子分析并与慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的临床表现进行对比

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦富贵

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨和分析真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎发病相关的危险因子和临床表现。方法:对2008年~2010年间在我院住院的80例慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者进行对照研究。结果:慢性鼻-鼻窦炎相比,真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎组患者女性患者比较多,好发于40岁以的人群,病程在3年以内者较多,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。两组资料相比,真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎有统计学意义的临床症状为涕血。多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示其中涕血(β=4.76, OR=116.75)、钙化斑(β=4.35, OR=77.48)、单侧病变(β=2.83, OR=11.91)是高危险因子(OR值远大于1)。得到的回归方程为y=-8.35+1.24x1+0.52x2+1.32x3+4.35x4+4.76x5+2.83x6。结论:涕血是真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的重要临床症状,单侧CT显示钙化斑是重要的影像学表现。%Objective:To analyze risk factors and clinical features of fungal rhinosinusitis.Methods:During 2008 to 2010,control study of 80 cases in our hospital.Results:Compared with chronic rhinosinusitis,fungal rhinosinusitis were female,over 40-year-old and course of disease<3years(P<0.05).Significant clinical symptom of fungal rhinosinusitis was haem-nasal discharge(P<0.05).The haem-nasal discharge(β=4.76,OR=116.75),calcified plaque(β=4.35,OR=77.48) and unilateral sinus lesion(β=2.83, OR=11.91)were risk factors of fungal rhinosinusitis(P<0.05).The logistic regression predictive equation for fungal rhinosinusitis was:y=-8.35+1.24x1+0.52x2+1.32x3+4.3 5x4+4.76x5+2.83x6,P=exp(y)/[1+exp(y)].Conclusion:Taem-nasal discharge is an important clinical symptoms of fungal rhinosinusitis and the unilateral presence of calcified plaque in CT scan is an important imaging finding.

  6. PREDICTION OF UNEVENTFUL CARDIOVERSION AND MAINTENANCE OF SINUS RHYTHM FROM DIRECT-CURRENT ELECTRICAL CARDIOVERSION OF CHRONIC ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION AND FLUTTER

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANGELDER, IC; CRIJNS, HJ; VANGILST, WH; LIE, KI

    1991-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to reassess prospectively the immediate and long-term results of direct-current electrical cardioversion in chronic atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, and to determine factors predicting clinical outcome of the arrhthmia after direct-current cardioversion. Two-hu

  7. Computed tomography-guided endoscopic needle knife therapy for ileal pouch sinus

    OpenAIRE

    Nyabanga, Custon T.; Veniero, Joseph; Shen, Bo

    2015-01-01

    Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis surgery can be complicated by anastomotic leaks, leading to the formation of abscess and chronic sinus that have been routinely managed by a surgical approach. We developed the endoscopic needle knife sinusotomy (NKSi) technique, which has become a valid alternative. The basic principle of endoscopic NKSi is dissection and drainage of the sinus through its orifice internally into the lumen of pouch body. The success of NKSi requires an access to the sinus from the...

  8. A Case of Sinusitis Caused by Schizophyllum Commune and Bacteria in Acute Myelocytic Leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Xiuyun; Liang, Yuying; Zeng, Lijun; Chen, Shuiping

    2015-01-01

    Schizophyllum commune infections have been rarely reported. Here we reported a rare case of sinusitis in an acute myelocytic leukemia patient, who was co-infected by Escherichia coli, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and basidiomycetous fungi (Schizophyllum commune) in sinuses. Considering the in vitro and in vivo anti-fungal activity of voriconazole, it might be a good option to treat Schizophyllum commune infections when antifungal susceptibility testing is not available. When severe side effects occur, amphotericin B or itraconazole might be subsequent choice.

  9. Novel PI3Kγ Mutation in a 44-Year-Old Man with Chronic Infections and Chronic Pelvic Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoischen, Alexander; Veltman, Joris; Allsop, Stephen A.; Granadillo, Victor J. Anciano; William, Arsani; Netea, Mihai G.; Dimitrakoff, Jordan

    2013-01-01

    A 44-year-old man is presented here with 14 years of chronic purulent sinusitis, a chronic fungal rash of the scrotum, and chronic pelvic pain. Treatment with antifungal therapy resulted in symptom improvement, however he was unable to establish an effective long-term treatment regimen, resulting in debilitating symptoms. He had undergone extensive work-up without identifying a clear underlying etiology, although Candida species were cultured from the prostatic fluid. 100 genes involved in the cellular immune response were sequenced and a missense mutation was identified in the Ras-binding domain of PI3Kγ. PI3Kγ is a crucial signaling element in leukotaxis and other leukocyte functions. We hypothesize that his mutation led to his chronic infections and pelvic pain. PMID:23861857

  10. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology: A Useful Technique for Diagnosis of Invasive Fungal Rhinosinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Mycotic infections are on the rise globally. Patients with invasive fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses often present with destructive mass lesions and mimic malignancy clinically and radiologically. To assess the utility of Fine needle aspiration cytology for early diagnosis of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. Fine needle aspiration cytology was performed from the maxillary/ethmoid sinus in patients with a destructive mass lesion in the maxilla. Differential diagnoses were malignancy an...

  11. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the best way to see if treatment is working or if a finding is stable or changed over time. top of page What are the benefits vs. risks? Benefits A CT scan is one of the safest means of studying the sinuses. CT is the most reliable imaging ...

  12. Cryptococcal meningitis presenting as sinusitis in a renal transplant recipient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, S P; Movva, K; Wiebel, M; Chandrasekar, P; Alangaden, G; Carron, M; Tranchida, P; Revankar, S G

    2013-10-01

    Cryptococcal meningitis is a relatively common invasive fungal infection in immunocompromised patients, especially in solid organ transplant recipients. Clinical presentation typically includes fever, headache, photophobia, neck stiffness, and/or altered mental status. Unusual presentations may delay diagnosis. Therapy is challenging in renal transplant patients because of the nephrotoxicity associated with amphotericin B, the recommended treatment. We present a case of cryptococcal meningitis in a renal transplant recipient presenting as acute sinusitis with successful treatment using fluconazole as primary therapy.

  13. 慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者非住院期间用药自我管理调查%Medication Self-management Investigation for Non-hospitalization Patients in Chronic Rhino-sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦静; 刘蓓

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the medication for non-hospitalization chronic rhino-si-nusitis patients and provided a basis to improve the safety of medication. Methods:200 patients were investigated with the self-designed questionnaire. Results:The medicine mostly used in rhino-sinusitis patients listed as follows:anti-inflammatory,antibacterial,antihistamines,Chinese patent drug,decongestants,etc. 85%patients took medication following the doctor′s advice at home,71%patients with symptom did self-medication,36% patients read the instructions carefully before use, 31% patients regularly checked the expiry date,45% patients with the discomfort would seek medi-cal help during the treatment. Conclusion:Patients with rhino-sinusitis do not fully understand the knowledge of medication,there is hidden danger in medication,it needs to strengthen the patients and their caregivers medication knowledge education,makes them master the medication self-man-agement knowledge and reasonable medication.%目的:对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者非住院期间用药情况进行调查,为消除医疗隐患,提高医疗质量,为患者用药合理及用药安全提供依据。方法:采用问卷对200例患者进行调查。结果:鼻-鼻窦炎患者使用最多的药物为:抗炎、抗菌、抗组胺、中成药、减充血剂等。85%患者在家能遵医嘱用药,71%患者出现症状自行用药,36%患者用药前仔细阅读说明书,31%患者定期检查药品有效期,45%患者用药过程中出现不适会寻求医务人员帮助。结论:鼻-鼻窦炎患者对用药知识了解不全面,存在用药安全隐患,需加强患者及其照顾者用药知识教育,使其掌握用药自我管理知识,合理正确用药。

  14. Advanced cocaine-related necrotising sinusitis presenting with restrictive ophthalmolplegia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lascaratos, Gerassimos; McHugh, James; McCarthy, Karon; Bunting, Howard

    2016-06-01

    We report a case of bilateral infero-medial orbital wall destruction, associated with loss of sinonasal architecture. The patient presented with intermittent horizontal diplopia following an acute on chronic infective sinusitis. Eight months previously the patient had developed a midline hard palate fistula for which a palatine prosthesis had been fitted. The broad differential diagnosis is discussed, though in this patient chronic cocaine abuse was identified as the underlying aetiology. Eye movement restriction worsened progressively with bilateral inflammation around the medial and inferior rectus muscles. Attempts to resolve the recurring cycle of sinus infection and inflammation by palatal fistula closure failed despite augmented techniques mobilising flaps from both nasal and palatal sides.

  15. Invasive Aspergillus sinusitis in a young immunocompetent host: Call for early diagnosis and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravinder Kaur

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Invasive fungal infection of the sinuses is a rare disease entity most commonly encountered in the immunocompromised, debilitated host. We report a case of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis due to Aspergillus fumigatus in a young immunocompetent male who presented with only headache. The patient was initially taken up for fiber-optic endoscopic sinus surgery. A week later, he developed right-sided hemiparesis and left-sided facial weakness and therefore, he was given antifungal treatment. The patient, however, succumbed to the disease.

  16. Computed tomography evidence of dental restoration as aetiological factor for maxillary sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, S E; Chavda, S V; Pahor, A L

    2000-07-01

    Maxillary sinusitis due to dental causes is usually secondary to periodontal disease or periapical infection and is commonly associated with mucosal thickening of the floor of the maxillary antrum. Computed tomography (CT) is currently the modality of choice for evaluating the extent of disease and any predisposing factors in patients with symptoms of chronic maxillary sinusitis, but it is unable to diagnose dental disease reliably. The presence of restorative dentistry is, however, easily seen at CT and is associated with both periapical and periodontal disease. We aimed to determine whether its presence at CT may predispose to maxillary sinusitis, and in particular to focal mucosal thickening of the sinus floor characteristic of dental origin. Three hundred and thirty maxillary sinus CT images in 165 patients were reviewed for the presence of restorative dentistry in the adjacent teeth, focal maxillary sinus floor mucosal thickening, any maxillary sinus disease (including complete opacification, air fluid levels, diffuse mucosal thickening, focal mucosal thickening) and evidence of a rhinogenic aetiology (osteomeatal complex pathology, mucosal thickening in other sinuses). One hundred and ninety two sinuses adjacent to restorative dentistry and 178 sinuses not adjacent to restorative dentistry were analysed. Focal floor thickening both with, and without, evidence of a rhinogenic aetiology, was significantly more common adjacent to restorative dentistry. Maxillary sinus disease overall was no more common adjacent to restorative dentistry. This work demonstrated that the presence of restorative dentistry predisposes to focal mucosal thickening in the floor of the maxillary sinus and its presence should prompt clinical and radiographical assessment to exclude dental disease as a source of chronic maxillary sinusitis.

  17. Fungal endocarditis: current challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tattevin, Pierre; Revest, Matthieu; Lefort, Agnès; Michelet, Christian; Lortholary, Olivier

    2014-10-01

    Whilst it used to affect mostly intravenous drug users and patients who underwent valvular surgery with suboptimal infection control procedures, fungal endocarditis is now mostly observed in patients with severe immunodeficiency (onco-haematology), in association with chronic central venous access and broad-spectrum antibiotic use. The incidence of fungal endocarditis has probably decreased in most developed countries with access to harm-reduction policies (i.e. needle exchange programmes) and with improved infection control procedures during cardiac surgery. Use of specific blood culture bottles for diagnosis of fungal endocarditis has decreased due to optimisation of media and automated culture systems. Meanwhile, the advent of rapid techniques, including fungal antigen detection (galactomannan, mannan/anti-mannan antibodies and β-1,3-d-glucans) and PCR (e.g. universal fungal PCR targeting 18S rRNA genes), shall improve sensitivity and reduce diagnostics delays, although limited data are available on their use for the diagnosis of fungal endocarditis. New antifungal agents available since the early 2000s may represent dramatic improvement for fungal endocarditis: (i) a new class, the echinocandins, has the potential to improve the management of Candida endocarditis owing to its fungicidal effect on yeasts as well as tolerability of increased dosages; and (ii) improved survival in patients with invasive aspergillosis with voriconazole compared with amphotericin B, and this may apply to Aspergillus sp. endocarditis as well, although its prognosis remains dismal. These achievements may allow selected patients to be cured with prolonged medical treatment alone when surgery is considered too risky.

  18. Fungal Agents as a Cause of Nasal Polyposis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Nejadkazem

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Sinonasal polyposis is the most common tumor of nasal cavity and sinuses. Its complications are but not limited to sinusitis, breathing difficulties, hyposmia, anosmia and bone erosion. Methods and materials: A total of 98 patients with sinonasal polyposis were examined for suspicious causative fungal agent. Results: Direct microscopy and culture confirmed fungal agent in 8 patients (8.1% from which 3 cases had Alternaria spp, 1 patient Aspergillus spp, 1 patient Bipolaris spp, and 3 patients yeast. Conclusion: Fungi may be considered as a potential cause of sinonasal polyposis.   Keywords: Sinonasal Polyposis, Rhinosinusitis, Fungi

  19. 一次性冷热牙胶根充对戒毒人员窦道型慢性根尖周炎的疗效观察%Hot and Cold Gutta Percha Filling for Drug Addicts the Sinus of Chronic Periapical Periodontitis with Observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晶; 张宇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the periapical periodontitis with sinus in one timeroot canal therapy in patients with drug treatment, solve the limited number of problems.Methods 83 drug addicts in 240 teeth, teeth before and after each120, chronic apical periodontitis were sinus, routine root canal preparation, hot and cold gutta percha.Results The successful rate of two methods of cold gutta percha was 85%, warm gutta percha was 90%.Conclusion The drug addicts as long as the treatment time enough, in chronic periapical periodontitis or sinus can be warm gutta percha root iflling.%目的:探索针对窦道型根尖周炎一次行根管治疗,解决戒毒患者治疗次数受限问题。方法83人吸毒人员共240颗患牙,前后牙各为120颗,均为窦道型慢性根尖周炎,常规根管预备后,冷热牙胶充填。结果冷牙胶成功率为85%,热牙胶为90%。结论对吸毒患者只要是治疗时间足够,在窦道型慢性根尖周炎还是可以进行热牙胶一次根充。

  20. Case Report: retained gutta-percha as a cause for persistent maxillary sinusitis and pain [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3c6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin L. Hodnett

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.

  1. Effects of maxillary sinus floor elevation surgery on maxillary sinus physiology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmenga, NM; Raghoebar, GM; Liem, RSB; van Weissenbruch, R; Manson, WL; Vissink, A

    2003-01-01

    In a prospective study, the effects of elevation surgery of the maxillary sinus floor on maxillary sinus physiology were assessed. Seventeen consecutive patients without preoperative anamnestic, clinical and radiological signs of maxillary sinusitis underwent sinus floor elevation surgery with iliac

  2. Perforation of the sinus membrane during sinus floor elevation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Arx, Thomas; Fodich, Ivo; Bornstein, Michael M;

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To analyze the frequency of perforation of the sinus membrane during maxillary sinus floor elevation (SFE) and to assess possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven cases of SFE performed with a lateral window approach were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical and radiogra......PURPOSE: To analyze the frequency of perforation of the sinus membrane during maxillary sinus floor elevation (SFE) and to assess possible risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven cases of SFE performed with a lateral window approach were evaluated retrospectively. Clinical...... (presence and height of septum, height of residual ridge, thickness of lateral sinus wall, width of antrum, and thickness and status of sinus membrane). RESULTS: The following factors presented with at least a 10% difference in rates of perforations: smokers (46.2%) versus nonsmokers (23.4%), simultaneous...... the lateral window approach....

  3. 慢性鼻-鼻窦炎鼻内镜手术预后的影响因素分析%Analysis of the factors affecting the prognosis of functional endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳红; 何刚; 黄定强; 朱玉博; 石向阳

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析影响慢性鼻-鼻窦炎(chronic rhinosinusitis,CRS)功能性鼻内镜手术(functional endoscopic sinus surgery,FESS)预后的因素,为术前评价和术后治疗提供依据.方法 对有手术指征的59例CRS患者行术前检查,记录视觉类比法评分(visual analog scale,VAS)、鼻内镜评分、性别、年龄、血嗜酸性粒细胞数目以及是否合并哮喘、息肉资料.患者术后随访1年以上,共5次,每次随诊记录患者VAS及鼻内镜评分,根据结果判断手术预后,并进行影响预后的因素分析.结果 血嗜酸性粒细胞数目增高,伴有哮喘的患者FESS预后差,其他因素不是影响FESS术后预后情况的主要因素.结论 在所记录的指标中,血嗜酸性粒细胞数目增高,伴有哮喘评估手术效果意义重大,伴有息肉的CRS并不引起更差的手术效果,提示传统意义上的CRS的分型可能并不合理.%Objective To analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of functional endoscopic sinus surgery(FESS)for chronic rhinosinusitis( CRS)in order to provide the basis for preoperative evaluation and postoperative treatment. Methods The preoperative examinations were performed for fifty-nine patients with CRS including scores of visual analog scale (VAS) ,and nasal endoscopy, and gender,age,number of eosnophils,and whether or not combinated with asthma or nasal polyp. After the operation,the patients were fol-lowed-up for five times during the period of one year. The scores of VAS and nasal endoscopy were recorded. Factors affecting the prognosis were statistically analyzed. Results The increased number of blood esonophils and the combination with asthma had a negative effect on the prognosis of the operation while the other factors did not. Conclusions The number of blood esonophils and CRS combined with asthma are the major factors that affect the prognosis of FESS while CRS combined with nasal polyp had no significant effect. Therefore, the traditional classification of

  4. Mucormycosis of the paranasal sinuses in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Nataša

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Invasive fungal infection is among the leading causes of morbidity, mortality, and economic burden for patients with acute leukemia after induction of chemotherapy. In the past few decades, the incidence of invasive fungal infection has increased dramatically. Its management has been further complicated by the increasing frequency of infection by non-Aspergillus molds (e.g. Mucorales. Neutropenic patients are at a high risk of developing an invasive mucormycosis with fulminant course and high mortality rate (35-100%. Case Outline. We are presenting the case of a 72-year-old male with an acute monoblastic leukemia. The patient was treated during five days with hydroxycarbamide 2 × 500 mg/day, followed by cytarabine 2 × 20 mg/sc over the next 10 days. He developed febrile neutropenia, headache, and edema of the right orbital region of the face. Computed tomography of the sinuses revealed shadow in sinuses with thickening of mucosa of the right paranasal sinuses. Lavage and aspirate from the sinuses revealed Rhizopus oryzae. Mucormycosis was successfully treated with amphotericin B (5 mg/kg/day followed by ketoconazole (400 mg/day. Two months later the patient died from primary disease. Conclusion. In patients with acute leukemia who developed aplasia, febrile neutropenia, and pain in paranasal sinuses, fungal infection should be taken into consideration. New and non-invasive methods for taking samples from sinuses should be standardized in order to establish an early and accurate diagnosis of mucormycosis with the source in paranasal sinuses, and to start early treatment by a proper antifungal drug. Clear communication between physician and mycologist is critical to ensure proper and timely sampling of lavage and aspirate from sinuses and correct specimen processing when mucormycosis is suspected clinically. [Projekat Ministartsva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI 175034

  5. An unusual foreign body in the maxillary sinus: Dental impression material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deniz, Y; Zengin, A Z; Karli, R

    2016-01-01

    Foreign bodies in paranasal sinuses are very rare and most of them are encountered in the maxillary sinus. These foreign bodies may be organic or inorganic and can enter the maxillary sinus through an oro-antral fistula. The oro-antral fistula is formed by a break in the bony segment of the maxillary sinus floor and usually arises subsequent to maxillary premolar and molar extractions. A 63-year-old female patient evaluated for a nonhealing, left, toothless palate lesion and chronic headache occurring over 4 years. Radiography and computed tomography revealed bone discontinuity in the left floor of the maxillary sinus and calcifications within the antrum. A blue foreign body, later identified as dental impression material, was removed by intranasal endoscopy. A careful oral examination is recommended prior to prosthetic restorations. In addition, paranasal sinus foreign bodies should be surgically removed to prevent secondary soft tissue reactions.

  6. 慢性化脓性鼻窦炎的菌种分布和药物敏感性分析%Analysis of bacterial distribution and drug sensitivity of chronic suppurative sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐冰; 黄才俊

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the bacterial distribution and drug sensitivity characteristics of chronic suppurative sinusitis.Methods Nasal secretions of 89 cases of chronic suppurative sinusitis patients before operation were collected in this study,and nasal secretions were culture in medium.Disk diffusion method (Kirby-Bauer,K-B)was used for drug sensitivity test.Sensitivity of bacteria strain to cefazolin,ceftazidime,cefepime,imipenem,mero-penem,vancomycin,cefoperazone -sulbactam,ciprofloxacin and other antibiotics were analyzed.Results After the submission of purulent secretion specimens of nasal meatus in 89 cases chronic suppurative sinusitis patients with sticky,we found that 80 of the patients were detected bacteria.The positive rate was 89.89% (80/89).80 patients were detected in 82 strains of bacteria,a total of 15 species,of which 1 cases of nasal meatus sticky purulent secretion specimens there were 2 strains of bacteria.In 15 kinds of staphylococcus aureus were detected bacteria,staphylococcus aureus,escherichia coli,pseudomonas,enterobacter aerogenes,5 kinds of bacteria occupy the top 5,respectively, accounted for 21.95%,18.29%,14.63%,13.41%,10.98%.Drug sensitivity test of staphylococcus aureus showed that all of the staphylococcus aureus was sensitive to vancomycin,the sensitivity was 100%;the sensitivity of cefazo-lin,ceftazidime,cefepime,imipenem,meropenem,cefoperazone sulbactam,ciprofloxacin and other antibiotics were 0.00%.All the staphylococcus epidermidis were sensitive to imipenem,meropenem,vancomycin,cefoperazone sulbac-tam,the sensitivity was 100.00%;followed by cefazolin,the sensitivity was 86.67%,and to ceftazidime,cefepime, ciprofloxacin sensitive,were all below 30.00%.Escherichia coli,pseudomonas aeruginosa and enterobacter aerogenes and other gram negative bacteria were sensitive to imipenem,meropenem,the sensitivity was 100.00%.Conclusion The bacterial infection in patients with chronic suppurative sinusitis pathogens

  7. Anatomical Variations of Carotid Artery and Optic Nerve in Sphenoid Sinus Using Computerized Tomographic Imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikakhlagh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background Sphenoid sinus is surrounded by many vital vascular and nervous structures. In more than 20% of patients with chronic sinusitis, involvement of sphenoid sinus has been observed. Besides, sphenoid sinus is an appropriate route to access anterior and middle cranial fossa in surgery. Therefore, it is important to have an adequate knowledge about the contents of sphenoid sinus and its proximity for nasal endoscopy, sinus surgeries and neurosurgeries. Objectives The aim of this study was to study sphenoid sinus proximity with carotid artery and the optic nerve using computerized tomographic imaging. Materials and Methods In this prospective study, computerized tomographic images of sphenoid sinus of patients referred to Imam Khomeini and Apadana hospitals were studied. The images were studied regarding any bulging, as well as not having a bone covering in sphenoid sinus regarding internal carotid artery and optic nerve. Furthermore, unilateralness or bilateralness of their relationships was studied. Results Among 468 coronal and axial CT scan images of sphenoid sinus, 365 (78% showed post-sellar pneumatization and 103 (22% pre-sellar pneumatization. Regarding existence of internal septa, 346 (74% cases showed multiple septation, and the remaining images were reported to have a single septum. According to the reports of CT scan images, the existence of bulging as a result of internal carotid artery and uncovered artery were 4.22% and 5.8% in the right sinus, 4.9% and 5.4% in the left sinus, and 4.34% and 4.6% in both sinuses, respectively. According to the reports of CT scan images, existence of bulging as a result of optic nerve and uncovered nerve were 5.7% and 4.3% in the right sinus, 6% and 5.4% in the left sinus, and 12% and 3.2% in both sinuses, respectively. Conclusions Due to variability of sphenoid sinus pneumatization and the separator blade of the two sinus cavities, careful attention is required during sinus surgery to avoid

  8. Fungal allergens.

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    Airborne fungal spores occur widely and often in far greater concentrations than pollen grains. Immunoglobulin E-specific antigens (allergens) on airborne fungal spores induce type I hypersensitivity (allergic) respiratory reactions in sensitized atopic subjects, causing rhinitis and/or asthma. The prevalence of respiratory allergy to fungi is imprecisely known but is estimated at 20 to 30% of atopic (allergy-predisposed) individuals or up to 6% of the general population. Diagnosis and immuno...

  9. 慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者症状学特点及内镜鼻窦手术后主要症状的转归%Symptomatic characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis patients and symptom-specific outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万龙; 石农; 王园园; 刘争; 崔永华

    2009-01-01

    目的:探讨慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者的症状学特点及内镜鼻窦手术前后患者主观症状的变化.方法:采用视觉模拟量表对119例慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者(52例不伴鼻息肉和67例伴鼻息肉)的鼻塞、头昏(头痛)、面部疼痛(胀满感)、嗅觉障碍和鼻分泌物(后鼻漏)5个主要症状进行评分,比较内镜鼻窦手术前和手术后12个月评分的变化.结果:伴和不伴鼻息肉的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者出现最多的症状均依次为鼻塞、鼻分泌物(后鼻漏)、头昏(头痛)、面部疼痛(胀满感)和嗅觉障碍.不伴鼻息肉的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者较伴鼻息肉者鼻分泌物评分显著增高(P<0.01),但嗅觉障碍评分者显著降低(P<0.01).在最令人困扰的症状方面,不伴鼻息肉和伴鼻息肉的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者分别是鼻分泌物(后鼻漏)和嗅觉障碍.术后伴鼻息肉和不伴鼻息肉的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者各个症状出现的频率和评分均较术前显著降低(P<0.01).结论:伴鼻息肉和不伴鼻息肉的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者症状学具有不同的特点,内镜鼻窦手术可以显著改善患者的主观症状,视觉模拟量表评估患者的主观症状是一简便、易于开展的慢性鼻-鼻窦炎疗效主观评估方法.%Objective:To explore the symptomatic characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis patients and the report symptom-based outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery. Method: One hundred and nineteen chronic rhinosinusitis patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery, including 52 patients of chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps and 67 patients of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, were enrolled. Patients were asked to evaluate their symptoms before surgery and 12 months after endoscopic sinus surgery using 10 cm visual analog scale measures. Result: The most commonly reported symptoms were nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, headache, facial pressure and altered sense of smell. Compared with patients of

  10. Ectopic Molar with Maxillary Sinus Drainage Obstruction and Oroantral Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahin Abdollahifakhim

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ectopic tooth eruption may result owing to one of 3 processes: developmentalDisturbance, iatrogenic activity, or pathologic process, such as a tumor or a cyst. In rare cases, occlusion of the sinus ostia may predispose a patient to develop a maxillary sinus mucocele. When the maxillary sinus is invaded, symptoms usually occur late in the process.   Case report: A 17 years old boy referred to department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery of university of medical sciences, Tabriz_Iran in 2010 with chronic recurrent mucoprulent discharge from retromollar trigone , posterior to right superior alveolar ridge. CT scan revealed a dense mass resembling tooth, obstructing sinus ostium with homogenous opacity with ring enhancement, occupying whole sinus and expanding all walls. A Caldwell Luke approach in combination with endoscopy was selected.   Discussions: In the present patient, removal of ectopic tooth resolved the symptoms completely, the fistula obstructed and discharges discontinued. An ectopic tooth is a rare entity obstructing sinus ostium. The etiology of ectopic eruption has not yet been completely clarified, but many theories have been suggested,including trauma, infection, developmental anomalies and pathologic conditions, such as dentigerous cysts. In summary, although the ectopic teeth is rare but it would be assumed in presence of unilateral symptoms of sinonasal cavity. Therefore in peristant unilateral sinonasal symptoms we should complete examining of this site to rule out rare causes of these symptoms.

  11. Evaluation of nested PCR in diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objective: Given the importance of rapid diagnosis for fungal rhinosinusitis, this study aimed to evaluate the use of nested PCR to identify Aspergillus and Mucor species in clinical samples from patients with suspected fungal rhinosinusitis.Methods: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery specimens were collected from 98 patients with rhinosinusitis from 2012 to 2013. All samples were ground and cultured on sabouraud dextrose agar. The isolated fungi were identified based on their...

  12. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simuntis, Regimantas; Kubilius, Ričardas; Vaitkus, Saulius

    2014-01-01

    Maxillary sinusitis of odontogenic origin is a well-known condition in both the dental and otolaryngology communities. It occurs when the Schneiderian membrane is violated by conditions arising from dentoalveolar unit. This type of sinusitis differs in its pathophysiology, microbiology, diagnostics and management from sinusitis of other causes, therefore, failure to accurately identify a dental cause in these patients usually lead to persistent symptomatology and failure of medical and surgical therapies directed toward sinusitis. Unilateral recalcitrant disease associated with foul smelling drainage is a most common feature of odontogenic sinusitis. Also, high-resolution CT scans and cone-beam volumetric computed tomography can assist in identifying dental disease. Sometimes dental treatment alone is adequate to resolve the odontogenic sinusitis and sometimes concomitant or subsequent functional endoscopic sinus surgery or Caldwell-Luc operation is required. The aim of this article is to give a review of the most common causes, symptoms, diagnostic and treatment methods of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Search on Cochrane Library, PubMed and Science Direct data bases by key words resulted in 35 articles which met our criteria. It can be concluded that the incidence of odontogenic sinusitis is likely underreported in the available literature.

  13. Computed tomography-guided endoscopic needle knife therapy for ileal pouch sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyabanga, Custon T; Veniero, Joseph; Shen, Bo

    2016-11-01

    Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis surgery can be complicated by anastomotic leaks, leading to the formation of abscess and chronic sinus that have been routinely managed by a surgical approach. We developed the endoscopic needle knife sinusotomy (NKSi) technique, which has become a valid alternative. The basic principle of endoscopic NKSi is dissection and drainage of the sinus through its orifice internally into the lumen of pouch body. The success of NKSi requires an access to the sinus from the pouch side. One of the most challenging situations for NKSi is a closed orifice of the sinus, which leaves an isolated chronic abscess cavity. Here we report a case of complicated presacral sinus with a closed orifice that was not amenable to NKSi, necessitating a CT-guided guide wire placement and subsequent NKSi.

  14. 慢性鼻窦炎鼻内镜术后耳穴贴压辅助治疗的疗效观察%Clinical efficacy of adjuvant auricular point sticking on chronic rhinosinusitis patients after endoscopic sinus surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭成兵; 吴曙辉; 朱红; 杨艳; 闫勇; 朱静静

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of conventional western medicine combined with auricular point stickingon chronic rhinosinusitispatientsafter nasal endoscopic surgery . Methods: 124 cases of CRS patients were randomly divided into control group and treatment group .The control group was given routine treatment ,the treatment group was given auricular point sticking based on conventional medicine .The clinical efficacy and the improvement of the symptoms of both groups were observed .Results:The effective rate of the control group and the treatment group were 73 .77% and 90 .47%(P<0 .05) 6 months after the operation .At 1 month ,3 months and 6 months after surgery ,the VAS (visual analogue scale) scores of both groups were improved ,and the score of the treatment group became better with the treatment time(P<0 .05) . Conclusions :Conventional western medicine combined with auricular point stickinghas better efficacyin CRS patients after ESS , w hich can effectively improve the patients'subjective symptoms .%目的:探讨常规西医治疗结合耳穴贴压疗法在慢性鼻窦炎(chronic rhinosinusitis ,CRS )鼻内窥镜术(endoscopic sinus surgery ,ESS)后的临床疗效。方法:将124例CRS患者随机分为对照组和治疗组,对照组给予常规治疗,治疗组在此基础上给予耳穴贴压治疗。观察两组治疗的临床疗效和症状改善情况。结果:患者术后6个月,对照组与治疗组治疗的有效率分别为73.77%、90.47%(P<0.05)。术后1个月、3个月和6个月,两组视觉模拟评分(visual analogue scale ,VAS)评分均有改善,随着治疗时间的推移进一步改善,以治疗组更明显(P<0.05)。结论:CRS患者ESS术后在常规西医治疗基础上辅以耳穴贴压治疗的疗效更优,能有效改善患者症状。

  15. 慢性HBV感染者肠道真菌菌群生态结构研究%Molecular ecological structure of intestinal fungal flora in patients with chronic hepatitis B infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭仁勇; 陈珍晶; 鲁海峰; 王洁; 黄帅; 李兰娟; 陈瑜

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性HBV感染者肠道真菌菌群的分子生态结构变化特点.方法 采用真菌18S rDNA通用引物对乙肝肝硬化患者、慢性乙型肝炎患者、HBV携带者和健康志愿者4组研究对象的粪便标本DNA进行PCR扩增,扩增产物进行18S rRNA基因克隆,构建真菌18S rDNA克隆文库,利用限制性片段长度多态性(RFLP)技术筛选阳性克隆子并进行测序,绘制系统发育树,获取各组研究对象肠道真菌菌群结构特征.结果 所有阳性克隆子经过酶切分析和测序,共获得29个操作分类单元(OTUs),归属于3个真菌类群:接合菌纲(3.4%)、子蓑菌纲(82.8%)和担子菌纲(13.8%),其中主要优势菌属为念珠菌属(Candida spp.)、未能培养真菌(uncultured fungus)、酵母菌属(Saccharomyces spp.),分别占克隆文库的29.2%、15.9%、15.0%.乙肝肝硬化患者组、慢性乙型肝炎患者组、HBV携带者组和健康志愿者组的肠道真菌菌群分别存在有20、16、12、14个OTUs.结论 人类肠道中存在较为丰富的真菌类群,慢性HBV感染者肠道真菌菌群分子生态结构发生明显改变,提示肠道真菌菌群生态结构改变与乙肝发展历程相关.%Objective To investigate the ecological structure of intestinal fungal flora of patients with chronic hepatitis B infection. Methods HBV-liver cirrhosis patients, chronic hepatitis B patients, HBV carriers, and healthy volunteers were selected as research subjects to extract the total DNA from stool of each subject, 18S rRNA genes of intestinal fungi was cloned and sequence was analyzed for the construction of 18S rDNA clone libraries and phylogenetic tree, diversity and structural characteristics of intestinal fungal flora in each group was then analyzed. Results A total of 29 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) of intestinal fungal flora in all research subjects was acquired. All positive clones belonged to three fungal taxa: Zygomycetes (3.4%) , Ascomycetes (82. 8%) and

  16. Treatment of pilonidal sinuses in Denmark is not optimal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabricius, Rasmus; Petersen, Linda Wiuff; Bertelsen, Claus Anders

    2010-01-01

    The standard treatments of chronic pilonidal sinuses (PS) were previously wide excision with primary midline closure or open treatment by non-specialist surgeons resulting in high rates of unhealed wounds and recurrences. An evidence-based shift from the now obsolete midline procedures towards off...

  17. Arteriovenous shunt graft ulceration with sinus and graft epithelialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pooja Singhal

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Arteriovenous fistula and grafts are used as access sites for patients with chronic kidney disease and are prone for complications. Stent grafts are used to treat access site complications. We report a rare and unusual finding of epithelialization of the sinus tract and the lumen of a polytetrafluoroethylene graft, following ulceration of the overlying skin.

  18. Penile shaft sinus: A sequalae of circumcision in urethral duplication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman O Abdur-Rahman

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Urethral duplication (UD is rare congenital anomalies with varied presentation. Careful clinical evaluation of children by specialist would enhance diagnosis, adequate management and reduce occurrence of complication. We present a 12-year-old boy with chronic post circumcision ventral penile sinus that was successfully managed for urethral duplication.

  19. Fungal nail infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nails - fungal infection; Onychomycosis; Infection - fungal - nails; Tinea unguium ... hair, nails, and outer skin layers. Common fungal infections include: Athlete's foot Jock itch Ringworm on the ...

  20. Clincal Observation on Chronic Sinusitis and Adenoidal Hypertrophy in Children Treated with Bi-yuan-shu Oral Liquid%鼻渊舒口服液治疗儿童慢性鼻窦炎伴腺样体肥大的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑾

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relation between chronic sinusitis and adenoidal hypertrophy and the effect of adenoidec-tomy with debrider on the development of chronic sinusitis in children. Methods: Eighty cases pediatric chronic sinusitis with adenoidal hypertrophy were performed transoral adenoidectomy with nasal endoscopy, Xomed power system and video monitoring under general anesthesia, meanwhile general therapy was applied for them. Results: All surgeries were successful and all cases were recovered without bleeding and complications. After adenoidectomy the clinical symptom improved obviously. The disease was cured in 72 patients, progressive in 6, and not improved in 2. The response rate was 97.5%. Follow up for 6 ~ 12 months found no recurrence and complications. Conclusion: There are some relation between adenoidal hypertrophy and chronic sinusitis in children. Therefore nasal endos-copy-assisted adenoidectomy with debrider was an minamally invasive and more effective treatment for chronic sinusitis with adenoidal hypertrophy in children. It was an effective method that the treatment of chronic sinusitis with adenoidal hypertrophy in children%目的:探讨中成药制剂鼻渊舒口服液治疗儿童慢性鼻窦炎伴腺样体肥大以及腺样体吸割术对儿童慢性鼻窦炎疗效的影响.方法:对80例慢性鼻窦炎经非手术治疗无效且伴腺样体肥大的儿童,采用XPS动力吸割系统及鼻内镜,在电视显示系统监视下行腺样体吸割术,术后辅以中成药鼻渊舒口服液治疗,观察其疗效.结果:80例患儿手术经过顺利,术后无出血及并发症发生,慢性鼻窦炎及腺样体肥大所引起的相关临床症状改善明显.术后慢性鼻窦炎经药物治疗后治愈72例,好转6例,无效2例,有效率97.5%.随访6-12个月,无复发及远期并发症.结论:儿童慢性鼻窦炎与腺样体肥大之间有一定的相关性,术后应用中成药鼻渊舒口服液具有良好的治疗效果,可作为儿

  1. A case report of incidental finding of fungus ball on CBCT of maxillary sinus in treatment planning of dental implant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    This report was to show the radiographic appearances of the fungus ball in a paranasal sinus and to emphasize the scan area of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to detect the calcification in the paranasal sinus. A seventy four-year-old woman visited our department for the implant rehabilitation at both maxillary posterior edentulous region. Pre-operative radiographic examinations including the panoramic, CBCT, and multidector CT images were taken. An opacification in the right maxillary sinus was observed on the multiplanar image of CBCT, however the pre-determined scan area of CBCT in this report hardly showed the calcifications at the central portion of the maxillary sinus. The opacification in the maxillary sinus could be misdiagnosed as chronic maxillary sinusitis if the calcification of fungus ball was not simultaneously detected. The scan area of pre-operative CBCT needs to be enough to scan the paranasal sinus from top to bottom.

  2. Non-invasive aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses: CT and MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert, Y. [Service de Radiologie Ouest, Hopital Claude Huriez, 59 Lille (France); Lamy, O. [Service de Radiologie Ouest, Hopital Claude Huriez, 59 Lille (France); Chevalier, D. [Service d`Orl, Hopital Claude Huriez, 59 Lille (France); Rocourt, N. [Service de Radiologie Ouest, Hopital Claude Huriez, 59 Lille (France); Darras, J. [Service d`Orl, Hopital Claude Huriez, 59 Lille (France); Piquet, J.J. [Service d`Orl, Hopital Claude Huriez, 59 Lille (France); Lemaitre, L. [Service de Radiologie Ouest, Hopital Claude Huriez, 59 Lille (France)

    1995-08-01

    Aspergillosis is the most common fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses, and needs to be recognized because it requires surgical removal. Twenty proven cases of aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses are reported here. CT was performed in all the cases and MRI in 2 cases. The maxillary sinus was affected in 19 patients and the sphenoid sinus in 1. Mycosis was unilateral in all but 1 of the cases. Foci of increased attenuation at CT were observed in 18 cases, with calcification in 10 cases and/or dental material in 13 cases. An increased bony wall thickness was observed in 16 cases. All the patients but 1 had at least one of the signs. At MRI the fungal mass displayed a hypointense signal on T1- and T2-weighted images. No enhancement was noted on post-contrast T1-weighted images. The diagnosis of paranasal sinus aspergillosis is suggested by the CT findings, when a hyperdense mass with calcifications and/or dental material is noted with thickening of the sinus wall. MRI may have a complementary diagnostic role in doubtful cases. (orig.)

  3. Intra-antral application of an anti-fungal agent for recurrent maxillary fungal rhinosinusitis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunmade Adekunle D

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses is an increasingly recognized entity both in immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. Treatment has been via use of either surgical or medical modalities, or a combination of the two. Here, we present a case of utilization of intra-antral application of an anti-fungal agent in the management of recurrent fungal sinusitis in an indigent Nigerian patient. Case presentation We present the case of a 30-year-old West African Yoruba man, an indigent Nigerian clergyman, who presented to our facility with a history of recurrent nasal discharge (about one year, recurrent nasal blockage (about five months, and right facial swelling (about one week. After intra-nasal antrostomy for debulking with a systemic anti-fungal agent, our patient had a recurrence after four months. Our patient subsequently had an intra-antral application of flumetasone and clioquinol (Locacorten®-Vioform® weekly for six weeks with improvement of symptoms and no recurrence after six months of follow-up. Conclusions We conclude that topical intra-antral application of anti-fungal agents is effective in patients with recurrent fungal maxillary sinusitis after surgical debulking.

  4. Mycotic encephalitis, sinus osteomyelitis, and guttural pouch mycosis in a 3-year-old Arabian colt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Barbara; Nation, Patrick N

    2011-12-01

    Mycotic encephalitis caused severe ataxia and other neurologic deficits in a horse. The finding of a single, large focus of cerebral malacia, with histopathologic evidence of fungal elements, suggested infection was a result of direct transfer from the frontal sinuses, rather than hematogenous spread from the guttural pouch.

  5. Fungal keratitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonal S Tuli

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Sonal S TuliUniversity of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA  Clinical question: What is the most appropriate management of fungal keratitis?Results: Traditionally, topical Natamycin is the most commonly used medication for filamentous fungi while Amphotericin B is most commonly used for yeast. Voriconazole is rapidly becoming the drug of choice for all fungal keratitis because of its wide spectrum of coverage and increased penetration into the cornea.Implementation: Repeated debridement of the ulcer is recommended for the penetration of topical medications. While small, peripheral ulcers may be treated in the community, larger or central ulcers, especially if associated with signs suggestive of anterior chamber penetration should be referred to a tertiary center. Prolonged therapy for approximately four weeks is usually necessary.Keywords: fungal keratitis, keratomycosis, antifungal medications, debridement

  6. Analysis of bacterial spectrum and drug sensitivity of chronic suppurative sinusitis%慢性鼻窦炎患者鼻腔(脓性)分泌物的细菌谱及其药敏分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苟立华; 胡韫科; 白成祥

    2015-01-01

    坦、头孢唑啉等抗菌药物敏感,在进行抗菌治疗前应密切监测抗菌谱的改变,以便及时调整用药。%Objective:To investigate the bacterial distribution and drug sensitivity characteristics of chronic suppurative sinusi-tis.Methods:This study collected nasal secretions of 89 cases chronic suppurative sinusitis patients before operation,and nasal secre-tions were culture in medium.Disk diffusion method (Kirby-Bauer,K-B)was used for drug sensitivity test.Sensitivity of bacteria strain to cefazolin,ceftazidime,cefepime,imipenem,meropenem,vancomycin,cefoperazone Shubatan,ciprofloxacin and other anti-biotics were analyzed.Results:After the submission of purulent secretion specimens of nasal meatus in 89 cases chronic suppurative si-nusitis patients with sticky,we found that 80 of the patients were detected bacteria.Exclusion of Streptococcus /yellow Neisseria nasal flora,the positive rate was 89.89% (80 /89).80 patients were detected in 82 strains of bacteria,a total of 15 species,of which 1 case of nasal meatus sticky purulent secretion specimens there were 2 strains of bacteria.15 kinds of Staphylococcus aureus were detec-ted bacteria,Escherichia coli,Pseudomonas,Staphylococcus aureus,Enterobacter aerogenes,5 kinds of bacteria occupy the top 5,re-spectively,accounted for 18.29%,14.63%,14.63%,13.41 % and 10.98%.Drug sensitivity test of Staphylococcus aureus showed that all of the Staphylococcus aureus was sensitive to vancomycin,the sensitivity was 100%;the sensitivity of cefazolin,ceftazidime, cefepime,imipenem,meropenem,cefoperazone sulbactam,ciprofloxacin and other antibiotics were 0%.All the Staphylococcus epi-dermidis were sensitive to imipenem,meropenem,vancomycin,cefoperazone sulbactam,the sensitivity was 100%;followed by cefazo-lin,the sensitivity was 83.33%,and to ceftazidime,cefepime,ciprofloxacin sensitive,were all below 30%.Escherichia coli,Pseudo-monas aeruginosa and Enterobacter aerogenes and other gram negative bacteria were

  7. Multi-slice CT diagnosis of anomaly of ostiomeatal complex and chronic sinusitis%多螺旋 CT检测在窦口-鼻道复合体解剖变异与慢性鼻窦炎中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘景旺; 蒋守芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the incidence of anomaly of ostiomeatal complex ( OMC) and its relation to chronic sinusi-tis.Methods CT images of 933 cases who received health examination were retrospectively analyzed .The anatomical variants of OMC were clearly displayed by MPR .Variants of middle turbinate recurvation/gasification , ethmoidal bulla excessive gasi-fication,uncinate process diviation/hypertrophy/gasification,agger excessive gasification,and Haller cell were observed and compared in order to search the relation between anomaly and sinusitis .Results In the 933 cases,the incidence of chronic si-nusitis was 30.12%,with chronic genyantritis being the highest .The incidences of OMC anomaly were 1.7%,13.8%,5.8%, 6.8%,5.1%,1.1%,0.4%,and 2.7%respectively.OMC anomaly in chronic genyantritis ,ethmoidal sinusitis and frontal si-nusitis showed significant differences (P<0.01).The incidence of nasosinusitis in the mixed anomaly group was remarkably higher than the single anomaly group .In 457 cases of non-smokers,OMC anomaly was significantly related to the incidence differences of chronic genyantritis ,ethmoidal sinusitis and frontal sinusitis (P<0.05).In terms of single anomaly factors,mid-dle turbinate recurvation ,uncinate process gasification/diviation/hypertrophy were closely related to the incidence of chronic genyantritis;ethmoidal bulla excessive gasification was closely related to chronic ethmoidal sinusitis ;uncinate process diviation was closely related to chronic frontal sinusitis .Conclusion 1.Multi-slice CT can clearly show the anomaly of OMC .2.Differ-ent anomalies of OMC play different roles in the development of chronic sinusitis .%目的:应用多螺旋CT检测窦口-鼻道复合体( OMC)解剖变异发生率及探讨其与慢性鼻窦炎发生的关系。方法回顾性分析本院933例健康查体者鼻窦扫描图像,薄层横断图像重建冠状面图像,观察OMC解剖变异情况:中鼻甲(反曲、气化)、筛泡过度气化、

  8. Acute bacterial sinusitis in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMuri, Gregory; Wald, Ellen R

    2013-10-01

    On the basis of strong research evidence, the pathogenesis of sinusitis involves 3 key factors: sinusostia obstruction, ciliary dysfunction, and thickening of sinus secretions. On the basis of studies of the microbiology of otitis media, H influenzae is playing an increasingly important role in the etiology of sinusitis, exceeding that of S pneumoniae in some areas, and b-lactamase production by H influenzae is increasing in respiratory isolates in the United States. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,the presentation of acute bacterial sinusitis conforms to 1 of 3 predicable patterns; persistent, severe, and worsening symptoms. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,the diagnosis of sinusitis should be made by applying strict clinical criteria. This approach will select children with upper respiratory infection symptoms who are most likely to benefit from an antibiotic. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,imaging is not indicated routinely in the diagnosis of sinusitis. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging provides useful information when complications of sinusitis are suspected. On the basis of some research evidence and consensus,amoxicillin-clavulanate should be considered asa first-line agent for the treatment of sinusitis.

  9. Antibiotics for acute maxillary sinusitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahovuo-Saloranta, Anneli; Borisenko, Oleg V; Kovanen, Niina;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Expert opinions vary on the appropriate role of antibiotics for sinusitis, one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions among adults in ambulatory care. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether antibiotics are effective in treating acute sinusitis, and if so, which antibiotic classes...... or antibiotics from different classes for acute maxillary sinusitis in adults. We included trials with clinically diagnosed acute sinusitis, whether or not confirmed by radiography or bacterial culture. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least two review authors independently screened search results, extracted...... with a pooled RR of 0.74 (95% CI 0.65 to 0.84) at 7 to 15 days follow up. None of the antibiotic preparations was superior to each other. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotics have a small treatment effect in patients with uncomplicated acute sinusitis in a primary care setting with symptoms for more than seven...

  10. [Cholesterol granuloma in paranasal sinus. An unfrequent pseudotumor in maxillary sinuses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García de Hombre, Alina María; Pérez Peñate, Armando

    2005-01-01

    The cholesterol granuloma is well known in the middle ear, in the mastoid antrum and the air cells of temporal bone, mostly related to a chronic infectious process. There are other localizations such as the pleura, lung, pericardium, kidneys, arterial wall, nerves, brain, testicles, lymphatic ganglion and in the paranasals sinuses. Its localization in the mediofacial area is very unfrequent, having only been described 44 cases up to the year 2002. We present a 42 year-old patient, who required surgical treatment because of a increase in the volume of area her left facial of one month's old. It resulted to be secundary to an expansion of the maxilar sinus, such as seen on the computerized tomography carried out on the patient. The diagnosis was cholesterol granuloma, performed, through the anatomo-pathology study. We review the litterature on this subject and analyse the possible etiologic cause of this lesion, its clinic, diagnostic methodology and treatment.

  11. Silent sinus syndrome an acquired condition and the essential role of otorhinolaryngologist consultation: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Capoccioni, Gabriel; Varela-Martínez, Ernesto; Martín-Martín, Carlos

    2016-10-01

    The silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is a rare clinical entity characterized by painless spontaneous enophthalmos, hypoglobus, and facial deformities secondary to chronic maxillary sinus atelectasis. The aim of this study was to present an SSS diagnostic feature and evaluate the relationship between nasal septum deviation and maxillary sinus volume. A retrospective chart review of the clinical characteristics of 20 patients diagnosed with SSS between January 2013 and July 2014 were analyzed by the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of University Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela. 14 patients were females and six males. The mean age was 43 years (range 28-67 years). The right maxillary sinus was involved in 12 patients and the left maxillary sinus in eight patients. There was no statistical difference between gender and the presence of SSS. Maxillary sinus sizes were significantly smaller on the same side as the deviation (p craneo-caudal photographs. The present study demonstrates that, in adult patients, SSS generally presents a septal deviation to the affected maxillary sinus. We recommend performing a paranasal sinus CT scan when the patient has a deviated nasal septum, retraction of the malar eminence (evidenced from the viewpoint cranio-caudal facial) and hypoglobus. FESS performing postero-anterior uncinectomy and enlargement of the maxillary ostium is recommended to restore sinus pressure and prevent progression of the enophthalmos, hypoglobus and facial deformities.

  12. Fungal Entomopathogens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungal entomopathogens are important biological control agents worldwide and have been the subject of intense research for more than100 years. They exhibit both sexual and asexual reproduction and produce different types of infective propagules. Their mode of action against insects involves attachme...

  13. Fungal prions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staniforth, Gemma L; Tuite, Mick F

    2012-01-01

    For both mammalian and fungal prion proteins, conformational templating drives the phenomenon of protein-only infectivity. The conformational conversion of a protein to its transmissible prion state is associated with changes to host cellular physiology. In mammals, this change is synonymous with disease, whereas in fungi no notable detrimental effect on the host is typically observed. Instead, fungal prions can serve as epigenetic regulators of inheritance in the form of partial loss-of-function phenotypes. In the presence of environmental challenges, the prion state [PRION(+)], with its resource for phenotypic plasticity, can be associated with a growth advantage. The growing number of yeast proteins that can switch to a heritable [PRION(+)] form represents diverse and metabolically penetrating cellular functions, suggesting that the [PRION(+)] state in yeast is a functional one, albeit rarely found in nature. In this chapter, we introduce the biochemical and genetic properties of fungal prions, many of which are shared by the mammalian prion protein PrP, and then outline the major contributions that studies on fungal prions have made to prion biology.

  14. [Cross-reactivity in allergic fungal sinusitis. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Díaz, Sandra Nora; Arias-Cruz, Alfredo; Rivero-Arias, Dulce María; Partida-Ortega, Alma Belén; Elizondo-Villarreal, Bárbara; Ibarra-Chávez, Jesús Arturo; Ramos-Valencia, Lissette; Monge-Ortega, Olga Patricia; Macouzet-Sánchez, Carlos; Salinas-Díaz, María Rocío

    2016-01-01

    Antecedentes: La presencia de mucina alérgica en la rinosinusitis alérgica fúngica (RAF) es una manifestación que la identifica como un proceso de hipersensibilidad. En la RAF existe un fenómeno de reactividad cruzada entre proteínas unidas a IgE que tienen al menos dos epítopes compartidos. Caso clínico: Varón de 13 años de edad con síntomas obstructivos nasales de tres años de evolución. Por exploración física y tomografía se identificó masa obstructiva en los senos paranasales. En la cirugía endoscópica, en la fosa nasal izquierda se identificó pólipo con aspecto macroscópico de mucina alérgica; el pólipo fue resecado. El examen histopatológico final mediante tinciones con ácido peryódico de Schiff y metenamina plata de Grocott indicó Aspergillus. Dos semanas después de la cirugía, las pruebas percutáneas mostraron sensibilización a Alternaria alternata, Helminthosporium sativum y Deramatophagoides farianae, con negatividad a Aspergillus fumigatus. Conclusiones: La ausencia de títulos significativos de anticuerpos IgE específicos para Aspergillus fumigatus constituyó la evidencia de que la respuesta de hipersensibilidad fue desencadenada por un patógeno distinto del aislado en el estudio histopatológico, que aunada a las pruebas positivas para otros hongos puede explicarse por el fenómeno de reactividad cruzada en un probable fenómeno de hipersensibilidad.

  15. Case report of Schizophyllum commune sinusitis in an immunocompetent patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Ángela Castro

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Schizophyllum commune is a basidiomycete fungus with broad distribution in nature; however, it is a rare cause of infectious disease. We report the isolation of this mould in a 46 year-old immunocompetent patient with chronic sinusitis previously treated with multiple antibiotics and topical nasal steroids. Material obtained via a left maxillary sinus antrostomy showed septate hyaline hyphae with clamp connections on direct examination with KOH and histopathological studies. Further growth on Sabouraud agar produced a white mould that, based on its microscopic and macroscopic characteristics, was identified as S. commune. Despite its low frequency, this fungus should be considered a possible pathogen, particularly in samples obtained from paranasal sinuses.

  16. [Modern clinical and radiological approach to diagnostics of odontogenic sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khomutova, E Yu; Ignat'ev, Yu T; Demyanchuk, A N; Demyanchuk, A B

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory diseases of the maxillary sinuses affect up to 70% of the adult population. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis represents 13-86% of the inflammatory processes of maxillofacial area, with the incidence range being explained rather by varying diagnosis criteria than the true incidence difference of odontogenic lesions. The aim of the study was to summarize the clinical and radiological characteristics of odontogenic sinusitis according to patients records in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery of Omsk Clinical Hospital No11 and the oral surgery department of BUZ GKSP No1 in 2009-2014. A total of 948 records of patient (aged 17 to 68 years) with maxillary sinusitis were identified. X-ray examinations were performed by CT PISASSO TRIO ("KoYo", South Korea) and MSCT Brillians 6 and Brillians 64 ((Philips HealthCare), Netherlands). Images were obtained in axial projection with slice thickness of 0.2-0.6 mm with multiplanar reconstructions (MPR) in a variety of direct and oblique projections. Altogether 664 patients were diagnosed with foreign bodies in the maxillary sinuses (filling material in 569 cases, roots or root fragments? implants, rubber drains, fragments of endodontic instruments in 95 cases). In 284 persons odontogenic cysts were found. Almost every fifth case was complicated by mycotic infection. Analysis of the results showed that only a multidisciplinary approach including dentists, maxillofacial surgeons, otolaryngologists and radiologists, as well as dental volumetric tomography or multislice CT can ensure the correct clinical and radiological approaches to determine the tactics of treatment in patients with sinusitis, reduce the incidence of relapses and chronic inflammatory processes in the maxillary sinuses.

  17. ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS IN SINONASAL REGION IN CASES OF SINUS HEADACHE - CT SCAN - PNS STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Kumar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sinus headache secondary to Chronic Rhinosinusitis refers to episode of pain over the sinus area of the face and is often associated with nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, facial pressure, lacrimation, nausea and sensory sensitivity. Any small lesions or anatomical variations over lateral wall of nose may giv e rise to sinus headache. CT scan play a vital role in accurate assessment of osteomeatal complex area and anatomical variations at this site. AIM: To study anatomical variations of osteomeatal complex area and deviated septum in cases of chronic sinus hea dache secondary to Chronic Rhinosinusitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS : This study was conducted in Jhalawar Medical College, ENT Department between Sept. 2012 to Dec. 2014. In this study 75 patients withchronic sinus headache was selected who had chronic headac he for more than 3 months duration not responding to medical line of treatment and who were willing to undergo function endoscopic sinus surgery. All patients underwent for CT scan para nasal sinus. RESULT: In this study deviated nasal septum was found in 77.33% patients, apart from that it was observed that 54.66% of the sinus headache cases had two or more anatomical variations and 28% had single anatomical variations, out of them commonest finding is concha bullosa followed by enlarge bulla ethmoid, para doxical middle turbinate, medialiseduncinate process, lateraliseduncinate process, prominent aggar nasi cells, haller cells and onodi cells in decreasing order . CONCLUSION: The study of CT scan PNS conclude that Deviated Nasal Septum and anatomical variati ons at lateral wall of nose causes narrowing of osteomeatal complex area which predisposed patients to sino nasal disease and sinus headache

  18. IDIOPATHIC SICK SINUS SYNDROME

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    S. Y. Nikulina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate changes in hereditary burden of sick sinus syndrome (SSS in families of patients with SSS and assess heart rate variability (HRV in patients with SSS.Results. 33 families of patients with SSS were examined. Clinical study, ECG-Holter monitoring, atropine test, transesophageal left atrial stimulation, echocardiography, veloergometry were fulfilled in all probands and their relatives in 1990 and 2005-2006. Cardiorhythmography was done in patients with SSS only in 2005-2006.Results. Increase in hereditary burden with SSS from 31 to 35% is registered during 15 years. Significant growth of patients with SSS was observed among daughters (from 50 to 71%, nephews (from 33 to 50% and nieces (from 0 to 20%. HRV analysis shows prevalence of sympathetic system activity in patients with SSS.Conclusion. Growth of hereditary burden with SSS especially among female relatives is shown. HRV analysis can be used for SSS diagnostics.

  19. Radiology in diagnostics of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chekhonatskaya М.L

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose: to prove diagnostic capabilities of modern radiation techniques in odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Material and methods: The study involved 546 patients with sinusitis. The following methods have been used: X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, contrast maxillary sinus radiography, contact intraoral radiographs, orthopantomography, computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Results. In 7,9% of cases the presence of odontogenic sinusitis has been established, in 92,1 % rhinogenous sinusitis has been revealed. The work provides information about the effectiveness of various radiation techniques in the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis. Conclusion. For suspected odontogenic sinusitis, treatment of choice includes the combined use of X-ray of the paranasal sinuses in the mentoanterior projection and contact intraoral radiographs of «causal teeth». Computer tomography is the most informative additional method to clarify the diagnosis of odontogenic sinusitis.

  20. Sporotrichosis of Maxillary Sinuses in a Middle Aged Female Patient from Rural Area of Eastern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Saumik; Sinha, Ramanuj; Aggarwal, Neeraj; Chakravorty, Sriparna

    2016-01-01

    Sporotrichosis is commonly a chronic infection caused by Sporothrix schenckii, a saprophytic fungus and is usually limited to cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues. Disseminated systemic, osteoarticular or pulmonary sporotrichosis have been reported but nasal sinusitis by this fungus is extremely infrequent. Earlier report from southern India documented a case of maxillary sinusitis by Sporothrix schenckii. Here we report a similar case of bilateral maxillary sinusitis in a middle aged female from a village of Bihar, a state in eastern India. She underwent endoscopic maxillary sinus surgery for nasal symptoms and diagnosed to have sporotrichotic infection of maxillary sinuses. The diagnosis was done by mycological and histopathological examination and patient improved under antifungal chemotherapy. PMID:27134873

  1. Pilonidal Sinus of the Glans Penis Associated with Actinomyces Case Reports and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shylashree Chikkamuniyappa

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Pilonidal sinus is a well-recognized condition that occurs most commonly in the sacrococcygeal area of younger men. It is hypothesized to be an acquired chronic inflammation condition due mainly to hair trapped beneath the surface. A pilonidal sinus in the sacrococcygeal region is associated with recurrent infection, abscess formation, cellulitis, fistulae, and rarely, squamous cell carcinoma. A pilonidal sinus of the penis is a rare entity. The association of a penile pilonidal cyst and Actinomyces is even more uncommon with only three cases reported previously. Two cases of pilonidal sinus are reported in this paper. One of the cases was associated with actinomycosis. Pilonidal sinus of the penis should be considered in the clinical and pathological differential diagnosis and has to be distinguished from balanoposthitis, epidermal cyst, and carcinoma. The knowledge about possible association with actinomycosis is important to ensure early treatment.

  2. Radiology in diagnostics of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Chekhonatskaya М.L; llyasova Е.В.; Konnov V.V.; Priezzheva V.N.; Kochanov S.V.; Khmara T.G.; Arushanian A.R.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose: to prove diagnostic capabilities of modern radiation techniques in odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Material and methods: The study involved 546 patients with sinusitis. The following methods have been used: X-ray of the paranasal sinuses, contrast maxillary sinus radiography, contact intraoral radiographs, orthopantomography, computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Results. In 7,9% of cases the presence of odontogenic sinusitis has been established, in 92,1 % rhinoge...

  3. [Surgical dilemmas. Sinus floor elevation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    ten Bruggenkate, C M; Schulten, E A J M; Zijderveld, S A

    2008-12-01

    Limited alveolar bone height prevents the placement of dental implants. Sinus floor elevation is an internal augmentation of the maxillary sinus that allows implants to be placed. The principle of this surgical procedure is the preparation of a 'top hinge door', that is raised together with the Schneiderian membrane in the cranial direction. The space which created under this lid is filled with a bone transplant. Autogenous bone is the standard transplant material, despite the fact that a second surgery site is necessary. Under certain circumstances bone substitutes can be used, with a longer healing phase. If sufficient alveolar bone height is available to secure implant stability, simultaneous implantation and sinus floor elevation are possible. Considering the significant anatomical variation in the region of the maxillary sinus, a sound knowledge of the anatomy is of great importance.

  4. Sinus surgery can improve quality of life, lung infections, and lung function in patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alanin, Mikkel Christian; Aanaes, Kasper; Høiby, Niels;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and bacterial sinusitis are ubiquitous in patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). From the sinuses, Pseudomonas aeruginosa can infect the lungs. METHODS: We studied the effect of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) on symptoms of CRS and lower airway...... patients (62%). Four patients with preoperative P. aeruginosa lung colonization (25%) had no regrowth during follow-up; 2 of these had P. aeruginosa sinusitis. Sinonasal symptoms were improved 12 months after ESS and we observed a trend toward better lung function after ESS. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated...

  5. Healing results of prolonged acute frontal sinusitis treated with endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wide, Kristina; Antila, Jukka; Sipilä, Jukka; Suonpää, Jouko; Parkkola, Riitta

    2002-12-01

    In a marked part of patients suffering from acute frontal sinusitis, the symptoms do not resolve after initial therapy (antibiotics and/or trephination). The prolongation of the healing or recurrences may be caused by persistent inflammation or by structural abnormalities at the nasofrontal connection. During the last decade endoscopic surgery (FES) has become a very useful method to restore the frontonasal drainage although long term results of this kind of population are rare. We evaluated the results of endoscopic surgery in two patient groups (total number of 50) both operated after prolongation (persistent symptoms after 4 weeks) of the initial acute phase of the frontal sinusitis. The first group (A, 15 patients, first trephined) was followed-up 4 years, the number of recurrences after the first FES was 60% and in the other group (B, no initial trephination) with over 6 months follow-up, 91% of patients had recurrences. In group A pre- and postoperative CT-scanning was used to determine the possible anatomical variations that could be causing the failures. All but 3 patients showed some kind of abnormal anatomical variation. In group B only preoperative CT was done. In most cases the reasons for recurrences of frontal sinusitis were polyps and/or chronic inflammation at the ethmoidal region.

  6. Introduction to sinus disease: I. Anatomy and physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krouse, J H

    1999-01-01

    Chronic rhinosinusitis is the most common chronic illness in the United States. An understanding of the anatomy of the paranasal sinuses, their functioning in health and in disease, and the contributing factors that are critical to the pathogenesis of rhinosinusitis is essential for nurses caring for patients with this prevalent disease. This paper will provide the otorhinolaryngology (ORL) nurse with an overview of the scientific principles important in rhinosinusitis, as well as presenting a framework for the understanding of rhinosinusitis and its treatment. (This paper is the first in a series of two articles. The second part will review the diagnosis and treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.)

  7. 鼻内镜术后中药鼻腔雾化吸入辅佐治疗慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的主客观评估%Subjective and objective assessment on chronic rhinosinusitis following adjuvant therapy of nasal inhalation withChinese medicine after endoscopic sinus surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弢; 张治军; 蒋梦穗; 袁波; 李春芳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of nasal inhalation with Chinese medicine in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Methods 63 cases of CRS were randomly divided into the treatment group (33 cases) and the control group (30 cases), and all had nasal inhalation following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Bidouyan-oral was used for the treatment group, twice a day, at 8 mL, for five consecutive days, and then changed to once a week for 3 months. The control group used saline nasal inhalation, in the same way. Before inhalation, 5 days and 3 months later, the two groups were assessed in visual analogue scale, Lund-Kennedy score system and Lund-Mackay score system. Results On subjective symptoms, nasal endoscopy and sinus CT scan to check assessment, the difference between the treatment and control groups were significant. Before and after the spray the difference was also significant in each groups. Conclusion CRS patients after ESS for adjuvant use of traditional Chinese medicine treatment of inhalation, can significantly improve the surgical effect.%目的 评价慢性鼻-鼻窦炎(chronic rhinosinusitis,CRS)患者在鼻内镜术(endoscopic sinus surgery,ESS)后用中药进行鼻腔超声雾化吸入辅佐治疗的疗效.方法 63例CRS患者随机分为治疗组(33例)和对照组(30例),ESS术后第3天行鼻腔超声雾化吸入.治疗组雾化用药为鼻窦炎口服液,每天早晚各1次,每次8mL,连续5d,后改为每周1次,连续3个月.对照组使用生理盐水鼻腔雾化吸入,方法相同.雾化前(术后第2天)、雾化5 d和3个月后分别采用视觉模拟量表、Lund-Kennedy评分系统、Lund-Mackay评分法进行相关评估.结果 通过对主观症状、鼻内镜及鼻窦CT扫描进行检查评估,治疗组与对照组在雾化前后及组间比较差异均有统计学意义.结论 CRS患者ESS术后中药雾化吸入能明显提高手术疗效.

  8. Successful endoscopic management with Mitomycin C application for sinusitis with orbital cellulitis

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    Anil S Harugop

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sinusitis with orbital complication is a potentially fatal disease that has been known since the days of Hippocrates. Primary sinus infection is the most common cause of orbital cellulitis. It is an emergency that threatens not only vision but also life from complications such as meningitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and brain abscess. Surgical intervention is mandatory whenever antibiotic treatment fails. There are two surgical options for the drainage, an external approach via a Lynch incision and an intranasal endoscopic procedure. Materials and Methods: Five patients with orbital cellulitis secondary to acute on chronic rhinosinusitis were included in the study from the period of 2010 - 2011. All five patients did not respond to medical management and hence underwent endoscopic sinus surgery with treatment of orbital pathology. At the end of the surgical procedure Mitomycin C in a concentration of 0.4mg/ml was applied with a cottonoid for a period of 4 minutes to prevent chance of adhesion formation. Results: In this series 3 females and 2 male patient with orbital cellulitis secondary to acute on chronic rhinosinusitis underwent endoscopic sinus surgery with treatment of orbital pathology. All 5 patients showed subjective and objective improvement within one week of endoscopic management. Conclusion: Though antibiotics have altered the course of sinusitis, its grave complications still persist in our environment. The excellent results and the absence of any major complications of endoscopic sinus surgery and drainage of abscess with application of Mitomycin C can be recommended as the preferred surgical technique.

  9. Isolated sinusitis sphenoidalis caused by Trichoderma longibrachiatum in an immunocompetent patient with headache.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnár-Gábor, Etelka; Dóczi, Ilona; Hatvani, Lóránt; Vágvölgyi, Csaba; Kredics, László

    2013-08-01

    We present a case of isolated sinusitis sphenoidalis caused by Trichoderma longibrachiatum, an emerging causal agent of fungal infections with an often fatal outcome. A Trichoderma strain was isolated from secretion obtained from the sinus sphenoidalis of a rhinosinusitis patient and identified by sequence analysis of two loci as Trichoderma longibrachiatum from the Longibrachiatum Clade of the genus Trichoderma. T. longibrachiatum can trigger a fatal pathomechanism in immunodeficient patients, but only rarely causes disease in healthy people. The case presented is unique because the patient was not immunocompromised.

  10. Cerebral sinus venous thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cerebral sinus venous thrombosis (CSVT is a rare phenomenon that can be seen with some frequency in young patients. CSVT is a multifactorial condition with gender-related specific causes, with a wide clinical presentation, the leading causes differ between developed and developing countries, converting CSVT in a condition characterized by a highly variable clinical spectra, difficult diagnosis, variable etiologies and prognosis that requires fine medical skills and a high suspicious index. Patients who presents with CSVT should underwent to CT-scan venography (CVT and to the proper inquiry of the generating cause. This disease can affect the cerebral venous drainage and related anatomical structure. The symptoms may appear in relation to increased intracranial pressure imitating a pseudotumorcerebri. Prognosis depends on the early detection. Correcting the cause, generally the complications can be prevented. Mortality trends have diminished, and with the new technologies, surely it will continue. This work aims to review current knowledge about CSVT including its pathogenesis, etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment.

  11. Cerebral sinus venous thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvis-Miranda, Hernando Raphael; Milena Castellar-Leones, Sandra; Alcala-Cerra, Gabriel; Rafael Moscote-Salazar, Luis

    2013-01-01

    Cerebral sinus venous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare phenomenon that can be seen with some frequency in young patients. CSVT is a multifactorial condition with gender-related specific causes, with a wide clinical presentation, the leading causes differ between developed and developing countries, converting CSVT in a condition characterized by a highly variable clinical spectra, difficult diagnosis, variable etiologies and prognosis that requires fine medical skills and a high suspicious index. Patients who presents with CSVT should underwent to CT-scan venography (CVT) and to the proper inquiry of the generating cause. This disease can affect the cerebral venous drainage and related anatomical structure. The symptoms may appear in relation to increased intracranial pressure imitating a pseudotumorcerebri. Prognosis depends on the early detection. Correcting the cause, generally the complications can be prevented. Mortality trends have diminished, and with the new technologies, surely it will continue. This work aims to review current knowledge about CSVT including its pathogenesis, etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. PMID:24347950

  12. Evaluation of nested PCR in diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parisa Badiee

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Given the importance of rapid diagnosis for fungal rhinosinusitis, this study aimed to evaluate the use of nested PCR to identify Aspergillus and Mucor species in clinical samples from patients with suspected fungal rhinosinusitis.Methods: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery specimens were collected from 98 patients with rhinosinusitis from 2012 to 2013. All samples were ground and cultured on sabouraud dextrose agar. The isolated fungi were identified based on their macroscopic and microscopic features. Fungal DNA was extracted from the tissue samples and nested PCR was performedwith two sets of primers for Mucor and Aspergillus.Results: Direct microscopic showed that 5.1% contained fungal components and 9.2% exhibited growth of fungi in culture. The most common agents isolated were Aspergillus fumigatus (n= 3 , Aspergillus flavus (n=2, Penicillium sp (n=3 and Alternaria sp. (n=1. Mucor sp. was identified in the pathology smear from 1 patient. Positive results for fungal rhinosinusitis were obtained for a total of 10.2% by culture or pathology smear. Positive PCR results were obtained in 72 samples for Aspergillus and 31 samples for Mucor.Conclusion: Our results suggest that endoscopic sinus surgery specimens are not suitable for nested PCR, probably because of the accumulation of fungi that contaminate the environmental air. This drawback is a limiting factor for diagnosis with nasal cavity specimens. Therefore, molecular methods and conventional culture techniques are helpful complementarydiagnostic methods to detect fungal rhinosinusitis and determine appropriate management for these patients.

  13. Fungal Eye Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatment & Outcomes Statistics More Resources Fungal Nail Infections Histoplasmosis Definition Symptoms People at Risk & Prevention Sources Diagnosis & ... CDC at Work Global Fungal Diseases Cryptococcal Meningitis Histoplasmosis ... Resistance Resources Laboratory Submission Information Reportable Fungal ...

  14. The Clinical Effects of Cortisomol Paste in the Treatment of Chronic Perapical Periodontitis with Concomitant Sinus%碧兰根充糊剂一次性根充窦道型慢性根尖周炎疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英霞; 欧阳东; 刘克礼

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察碧兰根充糊剂一次性根充窦道型慢性根尖周炎的疗效,并与传统的氧化锌碘仿根充糊剂进行比较.方法:选择窦道型慢性根尖周炎患者160例,随机分为实验组(碧兰糊剂)80例,对照组(氧化锌碘仿糊剂)80例,同时在局麻下于窦道开口处实施彻底根尖刮治术,用3%双氧水生理盐水交替冲洗病变区,窦道清刮术后,视情况于窦道内置碘仿细纱条,用碧兰糊剂加牙胶尖(实验组)和氧化锌碘仿糊剂加牙胶尖(对照组)进行根管充填.结果:术后7d内,实验组87.5%患者无不适感,对照组37.5%无不适感,实验组疗效显著高于对照组(P<0.05).1年的连续观察评价临床疗效,实验组治疗后有效率100%,对照组治疗后有效率96.3%,近期疗效明显高于对照组,远期疗效无显著性差.结论:碧兰根充加根尖刮治治疗窦道型慢性根尖周炎治疗效果满意,临床值得推广.%Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of Cortisomol paste in the treatment of chronic periapical periodontitis with concomitant sinus and compare it with those of ZnO iodoform paste. Methods: 160 cases of chronic periapical periodontitis with concomitant sinus were chosen, and randomly divided into experimental group (Cortisomol paste) 80 cases, the control group (zinc oxide iodoform paste) 80 cases. The complete periapical curettage was done under local anesthesia in the sinus opening, and the lesions areas was rinsed with 3% hydrogen peroxide saline by turns. The iodoform bandage strip was placed in the sinus when necessary. Then the root canal fillings were competed gutta percha point with Cortisomol paste (the experimental group) or zinc oxide iodoform paste (the control group). Results: 87. 5% of patients had no discomfort in the experimental group, while 37. 5% in the control group at 7 day after the treatment (F<0. 05). After 1 -year continuous observation, the long-term effect rate of the experimental group was no

  15. Sick sinus syndrome: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semelka, Michael; Gera, Jerome; Usman, Saif

    2013-05-15

    Sick sinus syndrome refers to a collection of disorders marked by the heart's inability to perform its pacemaking function. Predominantly affecting older adults, sick sinus syndrome comprises various arrhythmias, including bradyarrhythmias with or without accompanying tachyarrhythmias. At least 50 percent of patients with sick sinus syndrome develop alternating bradycardia and tachycardia, also known as tachy-brady syndrome. Sick sinus syndrome results from intrinsic causes, or may be exacerbated or mimicked by extrinsic factors. Intrinsic causes include degenerative fibrosis, ion channel dysfunction, and remodeling of the sinoatrial node. Extrinsic factors can be pharmacologic, metabolic, or autonomic. Signs and symptoms are often subtle early on and become more obvious as the disease progresses. They are commonly related to end-organ hypoperfusion. Cerebral hypoperfusion is most common, with syncope or near-fainting occurring in about one-half of patients. Diagnosis may be challenging, and is ultimately made by electrocardiographic identification of the arrhythmia in conjunction with the presence of symptoms. If electrocardiography does not yield a diagnosis, inpatient telemetry monitoring, outpatient Holter monitoring, event monitoring, or loop monitoring may be used. Electrophysiologic studies also may be used but are not routinely needed. Treatment of sick sinus syndrome includes removing extrinsic factors, when possible, and pacemaker placement. Pacemakers do not reduce mortality, but they can decrease symptoms and improve quality of life.

  16. Sex determination using maxillary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjith Kumar Kanthem

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Individual identification is a subtle concept and often one of the most important priorities in mass disasters, road accidents, air crashes, fires, and even in the investigation of criminal cases. Matching specific features detected on the cadaver with data recorded during the life of an individual is an important aspect in forensics, and can be performed by fingerprint analysis, deoxyribonucleic acid matching, anthropological methods, radiological methods and other techniques which can facilitate age and sex identification. Sinus radiography is one such method that has been used for determination of the sex of an individual. Hence, an attempt is being made to use the different dimensions of the maxillary sinus in the determination of sex using coronal and axial sections of plain computed tomography (CT scan. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients including 17 male and 13 female, visiting the Outpatient Department of the Mamata General Hospital were included as the study subjects. The dimensions of right and left maxillary sinuses of 30 subjects from plain CT were measured using SYNGO software and statistical analysis was done. Results: Sex determination using height, length, width, and volume of the maxillary sinus on both sides showed statistically significant results with a higher percentage of sexual dimorphism in the case of volume. Conclusion: Volume of the right maxillary sinus can be used as accurate diagnostic parameter for sex determination.

  17. Radiotherapy in cancer of the paranasal sinuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlappack, O.K.; Dobrowsky, W.; Schmid, A.P.; Schratter, M.; Grasl, M.; Swoboda, H.; Mailath, G.; Pavelka, R.; Braun, O.

    1986-05-01

    Carcinomas of the paranasal sinuses are usually advanced when diagnosed and present a therapeutic challenge. During the period between February 1970 and June 1981 44 patients were treated. 22 received postoperative irradiation, seven in combination with chemotherapy. 18 patients were treated with radiation alone, eleven with concomitant chemotherapy. Four patients received preoperative irradiation, three in combination with chemotherapy. The three-year survival is 43% and the five-year survival 33%. For those 26 patients who were irradiated pre- or postoperatively with or without concomitant chemotherapy the five-year survival is 45%. We believe the patient will be afforded the greatest opportunity for cure with the combined efforts of the radiotherapist and the surgeon. The combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy did not provide better results but increased acute and chronic toxicity of the therapy.

  18. Serious fungal infections in Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zurita, J; Denning, D W; Paz-Y-Miño, A; Solís, M B; Arias, L M

    2017-02-04

    There is a dearth of data from Ecuador on the burden of life-threatening fungal disease entities; therefore, we estimated the burden of serious fungal infections in Ecuador based on the populations at risk and available epidemiological databases and publications. A full literature search was done to identify all epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates. WHO, ONU-AIDS, Index Mundi, Global Asthma Report, Globocan, and national data [Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), Ministerio de Salud Pública (MSP), Sociedad de Lucha Contra el Cáncer (SOLCA), Instituto Nacional de Donación y Trasplante de Órganos, Tejidos y Células (INDOT)] were reviewed. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies of fungal infections, using previously described methodology by LIFE. Ecuador has a variety of climates from the cold of the Andes through temperate to humid hot weather at the coast and in the Amazon basin. Ecuador has a population of 15,223,680 people and an average life expectancy of 76 years. The median estimate of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) population at risk for fungal disease (<200 CD4 cell counts) is ∼10,000, with a rate of 11.1% (1100) of histoplasma, 7% (700) of cryptococcal meningitis, and 11% (1070) of Pneumocystis pneumonia. The burden of candidemia is 1037. Recurrent Candida vaginitis (≥4 episodes per year) affects 307,593 women aged 15-50 years. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis probably affects ∼476 patients following tuberculosis (TB). Invasive aspergillosis is estimated to affect 748 patients (∼5.5/100,000). In addition, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in asthma and severe asthma with fungal sensitization (SAFS) were estimated to affect 26,642 and 45,013 people, respectively. Our estimates indicate that 433,856 (3%) of the population in Ecuador is affected by serious fungal infection.

  19. Anatomy of the carotid sinus nerve and surgical implications in carotid sinus syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toorop, Raechel J.; Scheltinga, Marc R.; Moll, Frans L.; Bleys, Ronald L.

    2009-01-01

    Background: The carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) is characterized by syncope and hypotension due to a hypersensitive carotid sinus located in the carotid bifurcation. Some patients ultimately require surgical sinus denervation, possibly by transection of its afferent nerve (carotid sinus nerve [CSN]). T

  20. Unexpected location of pilonidal sinuses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sion-Vardy, N; Osyntsov, L; Cagnano, E; Osyntsov, A; Vardy, D; Benharroch, D

    2009-12-01

    Pilonidal sinuses usually occur in the sacrococcygeal area in young men, and occasionally can be found in other ectopic sites. We present a retrospective case review on unusual locations of pilonidal sinuses in the past 4 years. The lesion sites were as follows: one on the penis, two on the scalp, two on the abdomen, one on the neck, two in the groin and two in the axilla. Abdominal and penile lesions are uncommon, but the other locations reported are unusually rare. To our knowledge, the groin has not been reported previously as a site of a pilonidal sinus, although the histological appearance of hidradenitis suppurativa may well resemble it. When trying to clarify the pathogenesis of these occurrences, we found that recurrent hair removal was a common characteristic of the patients we contacted, and this may have been the initiating trauma.

  1. Osteoblastoma of the ethmoid sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Yong-Koo [Kyung Hee University, Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea); Kyung Hee University Hospital, Department of Pathology, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Eui Jong [Kyung Hee University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Sung Wan [Kyung Hee University, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea)

    2007-05-15

    An osteoblastoma is a benign bone tumor that most often occurs in the vertebral column and the long bones of the extremities. Paranasal sinus involvement is very rare. We report an osteoblastoma of the ethmoid sinus in a 13-year-old boy who presented with exophthalmos. CT demonstrated an expansile, lesion of the right ethmoid sinus, which caused the orbital contents to be compressed and deviated to the right. A mixture of ground glass opacity and dense bone was present. The less dense portions of the lesion showed intense enhancement on MRI; a signal void was present on all sequences in the densely sclerotic areas. Curettage was performed. Histologically, the lesion was composed of proliferating osteoblasts along with small trabeculae of woven bone and rich vascular fibrous stroma. The literature concerning occurrence of osteoblastoma in this unusual location is reviewed and discussed. (orig.)

  2. Conception and early diagnosis and treatment of chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis%慢性侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎的概念和早期诊断以及治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永奇; 李源; 张革化

    2003-01-01

    目的探讨慢性侵袭性真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎(chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis,CIFRS)的概念、早期诊断与治疗.方法以最终病理学诊断为依据,总结分析48例真菌性鼻-鼻窦炎(fungal rhinosinusitis,FRS)的病程、临床表现、鼻窦CT、窦内病变特征、窦黏膜表现、组织病理学和真菌学特征、以及2种治疗方式的疗效.结果 18例为CIFRS,早期在病程、临床表现、真菌种类和鼻窦CT特征与非侵袭型真菌性鼻窦炎(noninvasive fungal rhinosinusitis, NIFRS)相似;其中16例(88.9%)窦内病变为泥石样物,15例(83.3%)窦黏膜表现为Ⅲ度以上;窦内病变为泥石样物、同时窦黏膜Ⅲ度以上者与病理真菌的符合率为83.3%(15/18);鼻窦清创术加抗真菌药物治疗治愈率达81.8%.结论CIFRS进展缓慢,临床并非少见,早期临床表现缺乏特异性,窦内为泥石样物和窦黏膜表现为Ⅲ度以上是其主要鉴别特征,早期诊断和鼻窦清创术联合抗真菌药物治疗可望提高治愈率.

  3. 老年 COPD 患者并发肺部真菌感染危险因素分析%The risk factors of pulmonary fungal infections in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonray disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳妮娜; 孙炎华; 左万里; 黄艳芬; 刘凌云; 余维庆

    2015-01-01

    目的:探索老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病( COPD)患者并发肺部真菌感染的危险因素。方法选取145例老年COPD患者,以并发肺部真菌感染85例为观察组,未并发肺部真菌感染60例为对照组,收集整理两组患者的临床资料,对比分析组间差异;同时行真菌培养及鉴定,统计感染真菌的分布情况。结果与对照组比较,观察组住院时间、吸烟史、抗菌药物使用时间显著增加,血清白蛋白水平显著降低,同时糖皮质激素使用时间≥2周,并发糖尿病、呼吸衰竭、行机械通气的例数显著增加,组间比较差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。多因素回归分析发现,抗菌药物、糖皮质激素的长期使用、低白蛋白血症、并发糖尿病及呼吸衰竭、实施机械通气均是导致老年COPD患者并发肺部真菌感染的高危因素( P<0.05)。真菌感染以假丝酵母菌属为主,其中白色假丝酵母菌检出率最高。结论对于COPD治疗,应合理使用抗菌药物及糖皮质激素,尽量避免侵入性机械通气,同时重视相应并发症的治疗,从而有效避免继发肺部真菌感染。%Objective To explore the risk factors of pulmonary fungal infections in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD) .Methods 85 COPD patients complicated with pulmonary fungal in-fections and other 60 COPD patients without pulmonary fungal infections were selected .The clinical data of the two groups were collected and comparatively analyzed .Meanwhile , the distribution of funguses was observed by fungal cultures and identification .Results There were significantly differences in the time of using antibacterial drugs , the levels of serum albumin , the numbers which used glucocorticoid more than 2 weeks , complication with diabetes , re-spiratory failure , and using mechanical ventilation between the observation group and the control group ( P<0

  4. Sick sinus syndrome: a family study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogińska, Natalia; Bieganowska, Katarzyna

    2014-02-01

    A case of related individuals affected by sick sinus syndrome is presented in this study. The clinical and electrocardiographic signs of sinus node dysfunction and the most common causes of this disease are presented. Subsequently, the article includes descriptions of sinus node disease in three related children as well as details of the disease in their relatives. A literature review of the genetics of familial sinus node dysfunction concludes the study.

  5. Clinical Features and Treatments of Odontogenic Sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Kyung Chul; Lee, Sung Jin

    2010-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate how clinical features such as sex, age, etiologic factors, and presenting symptoms of odontogenic sinusitis are differentiated from other types of sinusitis. Also, this study was designed to find methods for reducing the incidence of odontogenic sinusitis. Materials and Methods A retrospective chart analysis was completed on twenty-seven patients with odontogenic sinusitis. They were all treated at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital between February 2006...

  6. 鼻渊舒口服液对兔慢性鼻-鼻窦炎模型鼻窦黏膜上皮NF-κB p65蛋白表达的影响%Influence of Biyuanshu on NF-κB p65 Expression of Nasal Sinuses Mucosa Epithelial in Rabbit Chronic Rhinosinusitis Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉; 朱天民

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察兔慢性鼻-鼻窦炎( chronic rhinosinusitis,CRS)模型鼻窦黏膜上皮核因子-κB(NF-κB) p65蛋白表达的变化及鼻渊舒口服液对其的影响,探索鼻渊舒治疗CRS的可能机制.方法:取新西兰大白兔100只,适应性喂养1周后,随机分为正常组、模型组、假手术组、鼻渊舒组、西药治疗组,每组20只,建立CRS模型;鼻渊舒组、西药治疗组分别给予鼻渊舒口服液ig 4.05 g·kg -1,克拉霉素ig 25 mg· kg -1,共14 d,处死后取鼻窦黏膜组织HE染色光镜观察鼻窦黏膜病理变化,Western blotting法检测鼻窦黏膜上皮细胞胞质及细胞核NF-κB p65蛋白表达.结果:模型组鼻窦黏膜呈慢性炎症表现,黏膜炎细胞浸润,上皮细胞、腺体和杯状细胞明显增生;胞质及细胞核NF-κB p65蛋白表达较正常组显著增高(P<0.01).经鼻渊舒治疗后鼻窦黏膜上皮修复较好,炎细胞浸润、腺体和杯状细胞增生不明显;胞浆NF-κB p65蛋白表达虽显著低于模型组(P<0.01),但显著高于正常、假手术及西药组(P<0.01);胞核NF-κB p65蛋白表达显著低于模型组(P<0.01),与正常、假手术及西药组比较无显著性差异.结论:NF-κB参与了CRS的发生,鼻渊舒口服液主要通过抑制NF-κB p65向细胞核易位而起治疗作用.%To investigate the influence of Biyuanshu (BYS) nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB ) p65 expression of nasal sinuses mucosa epithelial in rabbit chronic rhinosinusitis ( CRS) model, and explore its possible molecular mechanism. Method: One hundred New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into normal group, model group, sham operation group, BYS group, western medicine group, with 20 in each group, and CRS model was established. BYS group was given BYS 4.05 g · kg-1 · d-1, western medicine group given clarithromycin 25 mg·kg-1 · d-1 for 14 days. Nasal sinuses mucosa tissue was collected to observe nasal sinuses mucosa pathological changes with light microscopy after

  7. 鼻镜指导下吸切器切除腺样体对儿童慢性鼻窦炎和分泌性中耳炎临床转归的影响分析%Effect of nasal endoscopic guidance on the clinical outcome in children with chronic sinusitis and secretory otitis media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘栋; 管强

    2016-01-01

    目的 分析鼻镜指导下吸切器切除腺样体对儿童慢性鼻窦炎和分泌性中耳炎临床转归的影响.方法 选取2013年2月至2014年2月行手术治疗的腺样体肥大并发慢性鼻窦炎或分泌性中耳炎患儿36例作为研究对象,均在鼻镜指导下行腺样体切除术,并辅以药物治疗,术后随访3~6个月,观察所有患者的转归情况.结果 本研究患儿术后均无睡眠打鼾、张口呼吸症状及术后出血等;经鼻镜检查无咽鼓管损伤、腺样体残留、瘢痕形成及其他并发症发生;术后随访3~6个月,本研究患儿中有32例睡眠打鼾、鼻塞、张口呼吸消失,其余4例仍有轻度睡眠打鼾,但无张口呼吸症状;经纯音测试:显效28例,有效8例.结论 对并发慢性鼻窦炎和分泌性中耳炎的腺样体肥大患儿采取鼻镜指导下吸切器切除术可取得较好效果,属于一种安全、有效的手术方式,值得临床推广应用.%Objective To analyze the outcome of chronic sinusitis and secretory otitis media from nasal endoscopy guided resection of adenoid body in children.Methods Thirty-six children with chronic sinusitis or secretory otitis media were treated by surgical treatment of adenoid hypertrophy complicated with chronic sinusitis or secretory otitis media from February 2013 to February 2014.The children were treated by endoscopic resection with drug therapy,and the children were followed up for 3 to 6 months after surgery.Results In this group of children after operation,there was no sleep snoring,mouth breathing symptoms and postoperative bleeding or other normal;nasal endoscopy without injury of eustachian tube,residual adenoids,scar formation and other complications.Patients were followed up for 3 to 6 months,snoring,stuffy nose,mouth breathing disappeared in 32 children,the remaining 4 cases still had mild sleep snoring,but no respiratory symptoms of tension;the pure tone audiometry:markedlyeffective in 28 cases,effective in 8 cases

  8. Fungal infections of the orbit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bipasha Mukherjee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fungal infections of the orbit can lead to grave complications. Although the primary site of inoculation of the infective organism is frequently the sinuses, the patients can initially present to the ophthalmologist with ocular signs and symptoms. Due to its varied and nonspecific clinical features, especially in the early stages, patients are frequently misdiagnosed and even treated with steroids which worsen the situation leading to dire consequences. Ophthalmologists should be familiar with the clinical spectrum of disease and the variable presentation of this infection, as early diagnosis and rapid institution of appropriate therapy are crucial elements in the management of this invasive sino-orbital infection. In this review, relevant clinical, microbiological, and imaging findings are discussed along with the current consensus on local and systemic management. We review the recent literature and provide a comprehensive analysis. In the immunocompromised, as well as in healthy patients, a high index of suspicion must be maintained as delay in diagnosis of fungal pathology may lead to disfiguring morbidity or even mortality. Obtaining adequate diagnostic material for pathological and microbiological examination is critical. Newer methods of therapy, particularly oral voriconazole and topical amphotericin B, may be beneficial in selected patients.

  9. Sudden Hemianopsia Secondary to Ethmoid Sinus Mucocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morganti, Ligia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Paranasal sinus mucoceles are benign cystic lesions, filled with mucus, occurring due to an obstruction of involved sinus ostium. They are indolent, locally expansive, and destructive. Surgical treatment must be performed and, when done at the correct time, may prevent sequelae. We present a case of ethmoid sinus mucocele with orbit involvement and permanent optical nerve injury.

  10. Morphometric study of maxillary sinus by computed tomography. Assessment of sinus floor bone reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Rehabilitation with dental implants in posterior maxilla is difficult because of the presence of maxillary sinus with anatomical variations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the sinus volume to install one or more implants without invading the sinus membrane. Forty (40) maxillary sinuses were evaluated in 22 skulls by computed tomography measuring in the axial, coronal and sagittal slice. The sinus were classified according to the remaining alveolar bone and a dental implant in the pl...

  11. Tratamento endoscópico do cisto odontogênico com extensão intra-sinusal Endoscopic treatment of odontogenic cyst with intra-sinusal extension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio C. Cedin

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Cistos odontogênicos são lesões pouco comuns que podem ocorrer após inflamação da polpa dentária. A abordagem terapêutica destes cistos é realizada em consultórios odontológicos e, dependendo de sua extensão, pode ocasionar a formação de fístula oroantral e rinossinusite crônica. O objetivo deste trabalho é propor o tratamento videoendoscópico do cisto odontogênico com expressão em seio maxilar. Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo de quatro casos de cistos de origem dentária, com extensão intra-sinusal, complicados com fístula oroantral e sinusite crônica de seio maxilar após curetagem em consultório odontológico. Utilizamos a técnica videoendoscópica via transmaxilar para acessarmos o cisto intra-sinusal. Os quatro pacientes apresentaram resolução do quadro infeccioso e cicatrização da fístula oroantral, sem recidiva durante o seguimento. A cirurgia videoendoscópica é um método seguro e efetivo para tratamento do cisto odontogênico descrito, podendo contribuir para prevenir a formação de fístula oroantral e supuração de seio maxilar.Odontogenic cyst is a common lesion that can happen after inflammation of the dental pulp. The therapeutic approach of these cysts is made at dentist's offices, and depending on their extension, they may develop oroantral fistula and chronic sinusitis. The objective of this study is to propose the videoendoscopic treatment of the odontogenic cyst with expression in the maxillary sinus. We made a retrospective study of four cases of cysts of dental origin, with intra-sinusal extension, complicated with oroantral fistula and chronic sinusitis of maxillary sinus after curettage in a dentist's office. We used the videoendoscopic technique through transmaxillary approach to access the intra-sinusal cyst. All the four patients presented resolution of the infectious manifestation and healing of the oroantral fistula, without recurrence within two years of follow

  12. The cavernous sinus in cluster headache - a quantitative structural magnetic resonance imaging study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkink, Enrico B; Schoonman, Guus G; van Vliet, Jorine A; Bakels, Hannah S; Sneeboer, Marjolein Am; Haan, Joost; van Buchem, Mark A; Ferrari, Michel D; Kruit, Mark C

    2017-03-01

    Background It has been hypothesized that a constitutionally narrow cavernous sinus might predispose individuals to cluster headache. Cavernous sinus dimensions, however, have never been assessed. Methods In this case-control study, we measured the dimensions of the cavernous sinus, skull base, internal carotid and pituitary gland with high-resolution T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in 25 episodic, 24 chronic and 13 probable cluster headache patients, 8 chronic paroxysmal hemicrania patients and 22 headache-free controls. Dimensions were compared between groups, correcting for age, sex and transcranial diameter. Results On qualitative inspection, no relevant pathology or anatomic variants that were previously associated with cluster headache or chronic paroxysmal hemicranias were observed in the cavernous sinus or paracavernous structures. The left-to-right transcranial diameter at the temporal fossa level (mean ± SD) was larger in the headache groups (episodic cluster headache: 147.5 ± 7.3 mm, p = 0.044; chronic cluster headache: 150.2 ± 7.3 mm, p cluster headache: 146.0 ± 5.3 mm, p = 0.012; and chronic paroxysmal hemicrania: 145.2 ± 9.4 mm, p = 0.044) compared with controls (140.2 ± 8.0 mm). After adjusting for transcranial diameter and correcting for multiple comparisons, there were no differences in the dimensions of the cavernous sinus and surrounding structures between headache patients and controls. Conclusion Patients with cluster headache or chronic paroxysmal hemicrania had wider skulls than headache-free controls, but the proportional dimensions of the cavernous sinus were similar.

  13. Systemic corticosteroids for acute sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venekamp, R.P.; Thompson, M.J.; Hayward, G.; Heneghan, C.J.; Mar, C.B. Del; Perera, R.; Glasziou, P.P.; Rovers, M.M.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Acute sinusitis is the inflammation and swelling of the nasal and paranasal mucous membranes and is a common reason for patients to seek primary care consultations. The related impairment of daily functioning and quality of life is attributable to symptoms such as facial pain and nasal c

  14. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis in Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rochelle Sweis

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Investigators from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia analyzed the clinical and radiographic findings in 12 cases of cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST seen between 2000 and 2013, and conducted a literature search and review of the pooled data.

  15. Unusual ocular manifestations of silent sinus syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio Lopes da Fonseca

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Silent sinus syndrome is an acquired condition in which there is a gradual collapse of the orbital floor and inward retraction of the maxillary sinus (atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. This in turn may cause associated ocular occurrences of enophthalmos and hypotropia. This is a report of an 8 year-old boy with silent sinus syndrome and associated ocular motility disorders. The association between silent sinus syndrome and ocular motility disturbance has been recently described in the literature. However, this is an infrequent association, mainly in childhood.

  16. Coronal CT scan of paranasal sinuses; Long survey after Caldwell-Luc operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Atsuko (Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital (Japan)); Ikeda, Motohisa; Watanabe, Isamu; Komatsuzaki, Atsushi

    1994-03-01

    The clinical features were correlated with the coronal CT scan appearance of the paranasal sinuses of 49 patients who had received the Caldwell-Luc operation 16 to 58 years ago. The clinical diagnosis at the time of the CT scan was postoperative maxillary cyst in 22 patients, chronic sinusitis in 21 patients, trigeminal neuralgia in 3 patients, radicular cyst, postoperative ethmoid cyst and inverted papilloma in one patient each. The CT scans of the 91 operated maxillary sinuses showed obliterated cavity in 21 cases, small cavity in 46 cases, and cystic formation in 24 cases. The authors speculated that some maxillary sinuses which appeared in CT scans as small cavities might cause the clinical symptoms of postoperative maxillary cyst in the future. (author).

  17. Inhalable Antimicrobials for Treatment of Bacterial Biofilm-Associated Sinusitis in Cystic Fibrosis Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klodzinska, Sylvia Natalie; Priemel, Petra Alexandra; Rades, Thomas;

    2016-01-01

    Bacterial biofilm-associated chronic sinusitis in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections and the lack of available treatments for such infections constitute a critical aspect of CF disease management. Currently, inhalation therapies to combat P. aeruginosa....... aeruginosa from the respiratory tract after a first infection has been shown to delay chronic pulmonary infection with the bacteria for up to two years. The challenges with providing a suitable treatment for bacterial sinusitis include: (i) identifying a suitable antimicrobial compound; (ii) selecting...

  18. [Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by dental restoration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Kiminori

    2014-06-01

    We report herein on 5 patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by a dental restoration (caries cutting, cavity preparation, inlay restoration). Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis was noted following dental restoration. Even though the pulp cavity and dental pulp were intact, the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis occurred caused by an apical lesion. Infection by way of the dentinal tubules was suggested to be a cause of the pathophysiology. Endoscopic sinus surgery was indicated in patients with intractable odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by the dental restoration. Cone-beam x-ray CT was useful for the accurate diagnosis of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis caused by a dental restoration. Physicians should thus be aware of the possibility that a tooth, which has undergone dental restoration, may cause odontogenic maxillary sinusitis.

  19. Invasive facial fungal infections: Orofacial soft-tissue infiltration in immunocompromised patients

    OpenAIRE

    Jun, Peter; Russell, Matthew; El-Sayed, Ivan; Dillon, William; Glastonbury, Christine

    2015-01-01

    Invasive facial fungal infections affect the orofacial soft tissues in immunocompromised patients and can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Primary infection occurs from direct inoculation of the skin surface, while secondary infection occurs from extension from an adjacent sinonasal process. The imaging features of secondary infection are similar to acute fulminant invasive fungal sinusitis with infiltration of the orofacial soft tissues in combination with sinonasal disease. Howeve...

  20. Anatomical aspects of sinus floor elevations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Bergh, J P; ten Bruggenkate, C M; Disch, F J; Tuinzing, D B

    2000-06-01

    Inadequate bone height in the lateral part of the maxilla forms a contra-indication for implant surgery. This condition can be treated with an internal augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor. This sinus floor elevation, formerly called sinus lifting, consists of a surgical procedure in which a top hinge door in the lateral maxillary sinus wall is prepared and internally rotated to a horizontal position. The new elevated sinus floor, together with the inner maxillary mucosa, will create a space that can be filled with graft material. Sinus lift procedures depend greatly on fragile structures and anatomical variations. The variety of anatomical modalities in shape of the inner aspect of the maxillary sinus defines the surgical approach. Conditions such as sinus floor convolutions, sinus septum, transient mucosa swelling and narrow sinus may form a (usually relative) contra-indication for sinus floor elevation. Absolute contra-indications are maxillary sinus diseases (tumors) and destructive former sinus surgery (like the Caldwell-Luc operation). The lateral sinus wall is usually a thin bone plate, which is easily penetrated with rotating or sharp instruments. The fragile Schneiderian membrane plays an important role for the containment of the bonegraft. The surgical procedure of preparing the trap door and luxating it, together with the preparation of the sinus mucosa, may cause a mucosa tear. Usually, when these perforations are not too large, they will fold together when turning the trap door inward and upward, or they can be glued with a fibrin sealant, or they can be covered with a resorbable membrane. If the perforation is too large, a cortico-spongious block graft can be considered. However, in most cases the sinus floor elevation will be deleted. Perforations may also occur due to irregularities in the sinus floor or even due to immediate contact of sinus mucosa with oral mucosa. Obstruction of the antro-nasal foramen is, due to its high location, not a

  1. Causes of headache in patients with a primary diagnosis of sinus headache.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foroughipour, Mohsen; Sharifian, Shahriar Mohammad Reza; Shoeibi, Ali; Ebdali Barabad, Nazanin; Bakhshaee, Mehdi

    2011-11-01

    Headache is a common occurrence among the general population. Although the pain could be a symptom of acute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis is not considered as a usual cause of headache. In addition, autonomic-related symptoms in the sinonasal region may be associated with vascular pain. Confusion regarding these symptoms could lead to an incorrect diagnosis of sinusitis. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at two tertiary referral centers with residency programs in otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery and neurology. The study included 58 patients with a diagnosis of "sinus headache" made by a primary care physician. Exclusion criteria were as follows: previous diagnosis of migraine or tension-type headache; evidence of sinus infection during the past 6 months; and the presence of mucopurulent secretions. After comprehensive otorhinolaryngologic and neurologic evaluation, appropriate treatment was started according to the final diagnosis and the patient was assessed monthly for 6 months. The final diagnoses were migraine, tension-type headache and chronic sinusitis with recurrent acute episodes in 68, 27 and 5% of the patients, respectively. Recurrent antibiotic therapy was received by 73% of patients with tension-type headache and 66% with migraine. Sinus endoscopy was performed in 26% of the patients. Therapeutic nasal septoplasty was performed in 16% of the patients with a final diagnosis of migraine, and 13% with tension-type headache. Many patients with self-described or primary care physician labeled "sinus headache" have no sinonasal abnormalities. Instead, most of them meet the IHS criteria for migraine or tension-type headache.

  2. Compressive Optic Neuropathy Caused by Cholesterol Gran-uloma in the Posterior Ethmoid Sinus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-Chih Lin; Ting-Kuang Chao; Tsu-Hua Chen; Jia-Kang Wang

    2015-01-01

    Purpose:.Cholesterol granuloma is usually associated with chronic middle ear disease..Involvement of the ethmoid sinus by cholesterol granuloma is rare..We describe a case with cholesterol granuloma of the posterior ethmoid sinus causing optic nerve compression..No previous reports were found in our review of the literature. Case report:.A 48-year-old man had impaired visual acuity and a relative afferent pupillary defect in the right eye. Fundus fluorescein angiography showed a swollen optic nerve head and optic disc leakage. Automated perimetry revealed a severe peripheral visual field defect with tunnel vision. Computerized tomography demonstrated an expansile,.isodense mass in the right posterior ethmoid sinus, remodeling of the bony walls of the right sphenoid sinus, and lateral displacement of the optic nerve in the right orbit..Compressive optic neuropathy caused by posterior ethmoid sinus lesion was diagnosed..A transnasal endoscopic exploration of the right ethmoid sinuses demon-strated a soft expansile cystic lesion with a thick yellow cap sule that filled the inside of the posterior ethmoid sinus. Brownish fluid with shiny crystals was drained by fine needle aspiration. The capsule was removed completely, and the mu-cociliary clearance of the sinus was reestablished..The patho-logic pictures confirmed the diagnosis of cholesterol granulo-ma, which included typical cholesterol clefts surrounded by inflammatory cells with focal multi-nucleated giant cells. Visu-al function fully recovered without recurrent lesions after a three-year follow-up. Conclusion:.Compressive optic neuropathy can be rarely caused by cholesterol granuloma in the posterior ethmoid si-nus. The visual prognosis may be good after transnasal endo-scopic decompression in such patients.

  3. Experimental Pseudomonas aeruginosa mediated rhino sinusitis in mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeby, S.; Hammer, A. S.; Høiby, N.

    2017-01-01

    The nasal and sinus cavities in children may serve as reservoirs for microorganisms that cause recurrent and chronic lung infections. This study evaluates whether the mink can be used as an animal model for studying Pseudomonas aeruginosa mediated rhino-sinusitis since there is no suitable...... traditional animal model for this disease. Nasal tissue samples from infected and control mink were fixed in formalin, demineralized, and embedded in paraffin. A histological examination of sections from the infected animals revealed disintegration of the respiratory epithelium lining the nasal turbinates...... and swelling and edema of the submucosa. The expression of mucins and sialylated glycans was examined using immunohistochemistry. MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5AC were upregulated in the inoculated animals as a much stronger staining was present in the respiratory epithelium in the infected animals compared...

  4. Spectrum of fungal infection in a neurology tertiary care center in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Ritu; Kalita, Jayantee; Marak, Rungmei S K; Misra, Usha Kant

    2012-12-01

    There is a paucity of studies on spectrum of fungal infections in neurology care. This study reports clinical, MRI and outcome of patients with central nervous system (CNS) fungal infections. 39 patients with CNS fungal infections treated in neurology service during the last 3 years were included and a detailed medical history and clinical examination were undertaken. Cranial MRI including paranasal sinuses were carried out and the location and nature of abnormalities were noted. Fungal infection was confirmed by CSF examination or histopathology. Death during hospital stay was noted. The median age was 37 (8-72) years and 8 were females. The clinical features included altered sensorium in 31, focal motor deficits in 13, visual loss in 12, seizures in 10, diplopia in 7, and papilledema in 9 patients. 28 patients had the following predisposing conditions: HIV in 15, diabetes in 8, corticosteroid in 2 and alcohol, immunosuppression, neutropenia and analgesic abuse in 1 patient each. On CT or MRI scan, 5 patients had meningeal enhancement, 7 sinusitis, 10 each granuloma and infarction, 4 hydrocephalous and 1 cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. 28 patients had cryptococcal meningitis, 7 zygomycosis, 2 aspergillosis and 1 each candida and phaeohyphomycosis. Death was related to the type of fungal infection; all patients with zygomycosis and candida infection died. Rhinocerebral form of fungal infection due to zygomycetes has poorer survival compared to meningitis group which was mainly due to cryptococcal infection.

  5. Frequency of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinus and response to surgical treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Crovetto Martínez, Rafael; Martin Arregui, Francisco Javier; Zabala López de Maturana, Aitor; Tudela Cabello, Kiara; Crovetto de la Torre, Miguel Angel

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Odontogenic sinusitis usually affects the maxillary sinus but may extend to the anterior ethmoid sinuses. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis extended to the anterior ethmoid sinuses and determine also the surgical resolution differences between odontogenic maxillary sinusitis and odontogenic maxillary associated to anterior ethmoidal sinusitis. Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study performed on 55 patients diagn...

  6. Hubungan Imunoekspresi NF-kB dengan Sinus Rokitansky Aschoff pada Kolesistitis Kronik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herry Yulianti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Carcinoma of the gallbladder is relatively uncommon but it is a very lethal disease. Gallbladder cancer constitutes 3−4% of all malignant lesions and ranks 5th among the digestive system tumors. Gallblader carcinoma is difficult to detect and diagnose in early stage because it usually has very slight symptoms or asymptomatic. It becomes increasingly necessary to make early diagnosis and identification of high-risk patient,as well as gallstone and history of chronic cholecystitis. Chronic cholecystitis is a chronic inflammation of gallbladder associated with cholelithiasis in more than 90% of cases. Cholelithiasis is one of the important etiological factors in carcinoma of the gallbladder. The histological examination of chronical cholecystitis shows the presence of Rokitansky Aschoff sinuses. Genetic approaches have proven that the components of inflammation such as primary inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1 (IL-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF, IL-6 and nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB play the key roles in carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study was to understand the correlation between the immunoexpression of NF-kB and Rokitansky Aschoff sinuses in chronic cholecystitis. The method was cross sectional of 30 cases of chronic cholecystitis from Department of Pathology Anatomy of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung/Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran in 2010−2011. A section from 4 µm-thick paraffin embedded tissue of chronic cholecystitis was stained with hematoxylin eosin for histopatological evaluation and immunohistochemical using polyclonal NF-kB antibody. Immunoreactive cells was counted in five tumor areas of 400x field by light microscopy. The result showed a significant correlation between the immunoexpression of NFkB and Rokitansky Aschoff sinuses (p=0.000. In conclusion, there is a correlation between immunoexpression of NFkB and Rokitansky Aschoff sinuses because as the immunoexpression of NFkB increase, more Rokitansky

  7. [Big osteoma of ethmoid sinus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Ping

    2014-04-01

    Sinus osteoma is a common nasal and sinus disease, while the clinical cases of osteoma with a diameter greater than 30 millimeter are rarely seen. This paper reports a case of a 39-years-old male patient discovered with one-year long swelling pain in the right eye. The patients' right eye was mildly prominent and he suffered from hypopsia and diplopia. After CT scanned, he have ethmoid osteoma been discovered, besides, the right media rectus compression and orbital apex compression and consequent pathologically were diagnosed. The solid tumor ranged widely from the anterior skull base to the superior and interior orbital walls,and thus deprived the patient's complete surgical resection. As an attempt to prevent complications, most parts of the tumors were sur gically removed.

  8. Preauricular sinus: When to operate?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anuj Kumar Goel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Experiences with preauricular sinus (PAS excision in pediatric age group. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 110 patients who underwent PAS excision was done. A total of 112 excisions (63 left, 49 right were performed by standard surgical technique. All the patients were operated upon in an infection-free period under general anesthesia. Results: A total of 32 excisions had bad surgical results in the form of bad scar or recurrence, out of which 28 had history of symptomatic sinus infection preoperatively. Conclusions: Surgical excision of PAS should be done in quiescent phase; once infected, it becomes very difficult to eradicate the infection and also the chances of bad surgical results (bad scar or recurrence increase manifold.

  9. ETHMOIDAL SINUSITIS WITH PRESEPTAL ABSCESS: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikramjit

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Complications of sinusitis are rare nowadays because of higher and broad spectrum antibiotics. Preseptal abscess may rarely present as a complication of sinusitis. Our patient presented with a preseptal abscess with underlying ethmoidal sinusitis. The patient was treated with antibiotics; Incision and drainage of the preseptal abscess were done and infection in the ethmoidal sinuses was eradicated by endoscopic sinus surgery

  10. Late recovery from foreign body sinusitis after maxillary sinus floor augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felisati, Giovanni; Saibene, Alberto Maria; Lenzi, Riccardo; Pipolo, Carlotta

    2012-12-12

    A 55-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with signs and symptoms of recurring sinusitis after a right maxillary sinus floor augmentation for implantological purposes. Investigations showed an antibiotic-resistant ethmoidomaxillary sinusitis resulting from bone graft infection and displacement of previously inserted xenograft material into the maxillary sinus. The patient thus underwent a surgical procedure combining nasal endoscopy and oral surgery in order to remove the infected graft and restore sinusal drainage. The procedure was apparently successful but sinusitis relapsed after surgery and persisted despite 2 weeks of antibiotic therapy and local medications. A CT scan showed persistence of grafting fragments in the maxillary sinus. A new surgical procedure was scheduled while a more accurate endoscopic local medication was performed. Six hours after the treatment, the patient spontaneously expelled the fragments and promptly recovered. The patient successfully underwent another maxillary sinus floor augmentation procedure 6 months later.

  11. Entomopathogenic fungal endophytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungal endophytes are quite common in nature and some of them have been shown to have adverse effects against insects, nematodes, and plant pathogens. An introduction to fungal endophytes will be presented, followed by a discussion of research aimed at introducing Beauveria bassiana as a fungal endo...

  12. [Features of behavioral reactions of chronically irradiated mice in the raised crosswise labyrinth with various genetically determined radiosensitivity and possibilities of their modification by the fungal biopolymer complex].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seniuk, O F; Gorovoĭ, L F; Kovalev, V A; Palamar, L A; Krul', N I; Zhidkov, A V; Chemerskiĭ, G F; Kireev, S I; Khatuntseva, I V

    2013-01-01

    Structural elements of the central nervous system--neurons, along with the higher neuroendocrine structures and the hypothalamus centres, show high sensitivity to a chronic action of low doses of ionizing radiation (IR) in view of their extreme enrichment by phospholipids and intensive supply by oxygen, creating favorable conditions for the development of oxidizing stress. Stressful influences cause negative emotions in the behaviour of animals manifested as fear or uneasiness. The study represents the results of comparative research into the behavioral reactions characterized by uneasiness in the Balb/c and C57bl/6 mice exposed to a chronic irradiation at low doses. The chitin-melanin-glucan complex from fungi Fomes fomentarius (ChMG) was approved as an adaptive agent. It has been shown that under identical conditions, deposition levels of radionuclides 137Cs and 90Sr are raised in mice with IR hypersensitivity--line Balb/c, in comparison with less radio sensitive mice--line C57bl/6. Simultaneously, Balb/c mice were observed to exhibit the signs of a more anxious behaviour in the new environment. Chronic external and internal radiation exposure to rare ionizing radiation at low doses promotes strengthening of anxiety and phobic reactions in mice with IR hypersensitivity. The use of ChMG in animals neutralized the increase in anxiety and phobic reactions after a prolonged irradiation, thus indicating the presence in ChMG of the anxiolitic activity along with the above mentioned powerful radiosorbent, antioxidant, gene protective and immunomodulatory properties.

  13. 长期低剂量克拉霉素联合鼻用激素治疗慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的疗效分析%Efficacy Analysis of Long-term Low-dose Clarithromycin Joint Nasal Steroid in the Treatment of Chronic Rhino Sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴润芝; 李谨; 张群; 王丽欣; 张远芬

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨长期低剂量克拉霉素联合鼻用激素治疗慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的疗效.方法 2010年2月~2012年8月笔者医院共收治慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者112例,随机分为治疗组(联合用药组)与对照组(单纯用药组) ,其中治疗组65例,对照组47例.治疗组采用低剂量克拉霉素联合鼻用激素及鼻腔冲洗进行治疗,对照组则单纯采用鼻用激素及鼻腔冲洗进行治疗. 评估指标包括视觉模拟量表评分(visual analogue scale,VAS)、鼻窦CT评分(Lund Mackay)及临床疗效. 采用SPSS 16. 0软件进行统计学分析. 结果 治疗组患者鼻塞、流涕、头痛、嗅觉减退VAS评分均明显下降(P<0. 05),对照组患者只有鼻塞VAS评分明显下降(P<0. 05);治疗组与对照组的总有效率分别为80%和51%,组间对比差异有统计学意义(P<0. 05);治疗组的鼻窦CT评分较对照组改善,差异有统计学意义(P<0. 05). 结论 长期低剂量克拉霉素联合鼻用激素疗效明显优于单用鼻用激素组,且费用经济、用药方便、不良反应发生率低,对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎有重要治疗价值,建议作为一线药物联合应用.%Objective To assess the therapy effect of long-term low-dose clarithromycin joint nasal steroid in the treatment of chro-nic rhino sinusitis. Methods Totally 112 patients with chronic rhino sinusitis who were treated in our hospital from February 2010 to Au-gust 2012 were selected and randomly divided into the treatment group(65) and the control group(47). The patients in the control group were treated by the long-term low-dose clarithromycin joint nasal steroid and nasal irrigation,while the patients in the treatment group were treated by the nasal steroid and nasal irrigation. Then the visual analogue scale, Lund Mackay and the therapeutic effect were evalua-ted. SPSS 16. 0 software was used to analyze the data. Results The Results were as follws:(1) The visual analogue scale score of rhi-nobyon, nasal mucus, headache and hyposmia

  14. Aluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of nasal spray of fluticasone propionate and triamcinolone acetonide in chronic Rhino-sinusitis patients%丙酸氟替卡松鼻喷剂与曲安奈德鼻喷剂治疗成人慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的临床疗效和安全性对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾高明

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To compare the clinical effect and safety of fluticasone propionate nasal spray and triamcinolone acetonide nasal spray in treatment of adult chronic Rhino-sinusitis. Methods: 172 chronic Rhino-sinusitis patients from our hospital from 2010 to 2011 were enrolled,and were randomly divided into two groups, both groups were administered antibacterial drug, mucus chelating agents, antihistamine. Group A was used triamcinolone acetonide nasal spray once a day, 2 sprays per time (each spray containing 50 u,g triamcinolone) ,and group B was used fluticasone propionate nasal spray once a day, 2 sprays per time ( each spray containing 50 μg fluticasone propionate). Two groups were treated for 12 weeks. Results: After 12-week treatment, the symptom scores and CT scores of the two groups were significantly improved when compared with pre-treatment (P 0. 05 ). Conclusion: Fluticasone propionate nasal spray for the treatment of adult chronic Rhino-sinusitis is effect and safety,and better for clinical use.%目的:比较丙酸氟替卡松鼻喷剂与曲安奈德鼻喷剂治疗成人慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的临床疗效和安全性.方法:选取在2010年4月至2011年4月在我院门诊就诊的172名慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者,随机分为A、B两组,每组86人.在抗菌药物、黏液促排剂、全身抗组胺药治疗的基础上,A组使用曲安奈德鼻喷雾剂喷患侧1次·d-1,每次2喷(每喷含曲安奈德50 μg),B组使用丙酸氟替卡松鼻喷雾剂喷患侧1次·d-1,每次2喷(每喷含丙酸氟替卡松50 μg).两组治疗时间均为12周.结果:经过12周的治疗,两组症状评分、CT评分比治疗前都有明显改善(P<0.05);B组与A组相比除头痛外的症状评分和CT评分与A组相比差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);不良反应两组间无差异(P>0.05).结论:丙酸氟替卡松治疗成人慢性鼻-鼻窦炎临床疗效显著,值得进一步临床推广.

  15. Study on Effect and Safety of Fluticasone Propionate Combined with Clarithromycin in Treating Chronic Sinusitis Complicating Nasal Polyps%丙酸氟替卡松联合克拉霉素治疗慢性鼻窦炎伴鼻息肉的疗效和安全性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓建洪; 黄河; 彭利

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨丙酸氟替卡松联合克拉霉素治疗慢性鼻窦炎伴鼻息肉的疗效以及安全性。方法将153例慢性鼻窦炎伴鼻息肉患者按随机数字表法分为联合组、激素组以及抗生素组,各51例。激素组患者给予丙酸氟替卡松喷鼻治疗,抗生素组患者给予克拉霉素片口服,联合组患者给予丙酸氟替卡松喷鼻以及口服克拉霉素片的联合治疗,比较3组患者治疗后3个月内的病情改善情况,并记录治疗过程中的不良反应。结果3组患者治疗后各项临床症状均较治疗前有不同程度改善,但抗生素组患者的视觉模拟评分法( VAS评分)差值较小,低于激素组和联合组( P0.05)。结论丙酸氟替卡松联合克拉霉素治疗慢性鼻窦炎伴鼻息肉的疗效确切,且安全性较高,可以使部分患者在短期内免除手术。%Objective To research and analyze the effect and safety of fluticasone propionate combined with clarithromycin in treating chronic sinusitis complicating nasal polyps. Methods 153 cases of chronic sinusitis complicating nasal polyps treated in our hospital were taken as the research subjects and randomly divided into the combination group, hormone group and the antibiotic group according to the random number table method ( 51 cases ) . The hormone group was given fluticasone propionate by nasal spray. The antibiotic group took oral clarithromycin tablets and the combination group was given the combination therapy of fluticasone propionate by nasal spray and oral clarithromycin. The improvement of the disease condition after 3-month therapy was compared among 3 groups and the occur-rence of adverse reactions during the treatment process was recorded. Results The variousl symptoms after treatment in three groups were improved compared with before treatment, but the improvement scores in the antibiotic group were smaller, which were lower than those in the combination group and the hormone

  16. Giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marambaia, Otavio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The osteomas are osseous lesions with slow and asymptomatic growth that most of the times is a finding in radiological exams requested for other reason. It's the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses. The osteomas are located mainly in the frontal sinus (57% to 80%, followed by the ethmoidal sinuses (20%, maxillary sinuses and rarely in the sphenoid sinus. It has a discreet predominance in the male sex 1.5 and its incidence is higher in the 3rd and 4th decades of life. The treatment is surgical no matter the size. Objective: To describe a case of giant osteoma of the ethmoidal sinus including a brief literature review. Case Report: JDA, male, 33 years old, presented with a right constant nasal obstruction for 01 year. Upon exam, he presented with facial asymmetry with lateralization of the right ocular globe. The computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses showed a lesion with density of soft parts occupying partially the right nasal cavity, ethmoid sinus and right maxillary. The patient was submitted to surgery with full exeresis of the lesion. The anatomopathological exam confirmed osteoma. The patient evolved without evidences of the lesion recurrence. Final Comments: The osteomas in the ethmoidal sinus, irrespectively of the size and due to the risk of complications, must be operated.

  17. Secondary silent sinus syndrome:case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绪锐; 赵小冬

    2004-01-01

    @@ Silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is characterized by spontaneous and progressive unilateral enophthalmos with no other symptoms. Maxillary sinus atelectasis displayed on CT will be helpful for clinical diagnosis. The operation for better maxillary sinus ventilation shows good therapeutic effects and prognosis. In 1964, Montgometry1 described the first case of patient whose enophthalmos was caused by mucocele of the maxillary sinus. Since then, all otolaryngologists have taken more and more attention to this syndrome. And by June 2000, a total of 45 cases had been reported worldwide.

  18. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis obscured by midfacial trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simuntis, Regimantas; Kubilius, Ričardas; Ryškienė, Silvija; Vaitkus, Saulius

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis whose sinonasal symptomatology was thought to be the consequence of a previous midfacial trauma. The patient was admitted to the Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery after more than 10 years of exacerbations of sinonasal symptoms, which began to plague soon after a facial contusion. We decided to perform CT of paranasal sinuses, and despite the absence dental symptomatology, the dental origin of sinusitis was discovered. The majority of sinonasal symptoms resolved after appropriate dental treatment, and there was no need for nasal or sinus surgery.

  19. Mucormycosis of the Forehead and Sinuses in a Trauma Patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Nathan; Kimbrough, Mary K.

    2016-01-01

    Summary: Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection in immunocompetent patients. It is not commonly seen in trauma patients who sustain multisystem injuries and are often exposed to numerous infectious sources. A multidisciplinary approach between medical and surgical specialties is crucial to ensuring timely diagnosis and treatment as morbidity and mortality can be high once acquired. In addition to antifungal therapy, radical debridement and reconstruction by plastic surgery is often necessary. Review of the literature shows that there is no definitive reconstructive technique for mucormycosis of the forehead and sinuses because the amount of tissue destruction may be varied in location and depth, therefore requiring varying extents of debridement. However, other reconstructive techniques commonly used for oncologic and trauma reconstructions can be used to achieve functionality and a satisfactory cosmetic result. Few facial reconstructions after infection with mucormycosis have been documented in the literature. PMID:27536497

  20. Influence on Nasal Sinuses Mucosa Epithelium GR and IκBα Expression for Chronic Rhinosinusitis Model Treated with Bi-Yuan-Shu Oral Liquid%鼻渊舒口服液对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎模型鼻窦黏膜上皮GR及IκBα表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉; 朱天民

    2014-01-01

    观察鼻渊舒口服液对慢性鼻原鼻窦炎(CRS)模型鼻窦黏膜上皮糖皮质激素受体(GR)及核因子资B抑制蛋白(I资Bα)表达的影响,从抑炎机制角度,探索鼻渊舒对CRS的治疗机制。方法:选取新西兰大白兔100只,按每组20只,随机分为正常组、假手术组、模型组、鼻渊舒组、克拉霉素组后,建立CRS模型,正常组、假手术组、模型组不干预,鼻渊舒、克拉霉素组分别给予鼻渊舒(1.5 mL·kg-1·d-1)、克拉霉素(25 mg·kg-1·d-1)灌胃14天,治疗结束后取鼻窦黏膜,HE染色观察其病理改变,Western Blotting法检测鼻窦黏膜上皮细胞胞浆糖皮质激素受体(GR)及核因子资B抑制蛋白(I资Bα)蛋白表达。结果:模型组鼻窦黏膜炎细胞明显浸润,呈慢性炎症病变,腺体及杯状细胞明显增生;与正常组比较,GR表达显著降低(P约0.01),I资Bα表达显著增高(P约0.01)。鼻渊舒灌胃治疗后,鼻窦黏膜上皮得到较好修复,炎细胞浸润不明显,腺体和杯状细胞增生亦不明显;与模型组比较,GR表达显著增高(P约0.01),I资Bα表达显著降低(P约0.01)。结论:鼻渊舒在促进抑炎途径的GR表达的同时,通过抑制I资Bα表达,防止I资Bα对NF-资B促炎途径的过度抑制,动态调控了鼻窦黏膜上皮炎症的平衡。%This study was aimed to investigate the influence of Bi-Y uan-Shu (BYS) Oral Liquid on glucocorticoid re-ceptor (GR) and nuclear factor IκBα expression of nasal sinuses mucosa epithelium among chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) models in order to explore its therapeutic mechanism for CRS from the anti-inflammatory reaction aspect. One hundred New Zealand rabbits were selected and randomly divided into the normal group, sham operation group, model group, BYS group, and clarithromycin group, with 20 rabbits in each group. After the CRS model was established, no intervention was given

  1. Treating Sinusitis: Don't Rush to Antibiotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AAAAI) Treating Sinusitis (AAAAI) Don’t rush to antibiotics DOWNLOAD PDF The sinuses are small, hollow spaces ... or teeth. Each year, millions of people use antibiotic drugs to treat sinus problems. However, they usually ...

  2. Excision and primary closure of pilonidal sinus disease: worthwhile option with an acceptable recurrence rate.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Gilani, S N S

    2012-01-31

    BACKGROUND: Treatment of pilonidal sinus disease is controversial. Many claim policy of marsupialisation and healing by secondary intention. This is demanding in terms of nursing care and time lost from work. AIMS: To examine outcome of excision and primary closure of chronic pilonidal disease on recurrence rate and patient\\'s daily activities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and fourteen consecutive elective patients who had excision and primary closure of pilonidal sinus disease were reviewed. The demographic data and the post-operative outcome were studied. RESULTS: The recurrence of pilonidal sinus was noted in 9% of patients, wound breakdown occasioning delayed healing in 9%, patients able to drive by day 16 on average. The mean time to return to work was 20.5 days; duration of analgesia, 2.4 days; and duration of antibiotic treatment, 4.7 days. CONCLUSION: Excision and primary closure of chronic pilonidal sinus has low recurrence rate with early return to activities. Primary closure appears to be a cost-effective option for uncomplicated pilonidal sinus disease.

  3. Olfaction in Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Christopher F; Kern, Robert C; Conley, David B

    2015-10-01

    Olfactory dysfunction is a common complaint for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, because smell loss decreases a patient's quality of life. Smell loss is caused by obstruction from polyps, nasal discharge, and mucosal edema, as well as inflammatory changes within the olfactory epithelium. Addressing olfaction before endoscopic sinus and skull base surgery is important in order to set postoperative expectations, because an improvement in smell is difficult to predict. Several commercially available olfactory testing measures are available and can easily be administered in clinic. During surgery, careful dissection within the olfactory cleft is recommended in order to optimize postoperative olfactory function.

  4. CT of the paranasal sinuses is not a valid indicator for sinus surgery in CF patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jacob; Aanæs, Kasper; Norling, Rikke;

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: No guidelines comprise when or to what extent sinus surgery should be done in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) or how a CT scan of the paranasal sinuses should influence the decision. Symptoms of rhinosinusitis and/or eradication of pathogenic bacteria from the sinuses are reasons......: There was no significant correlation between the CT score and detection of pus, pathogenic bacteria or symptoms. Pus and pathogenic bacteria were found in several cases without sinus opacification on the CT scan. Non pathogenic and sterile cultures were also found in sinuses with opacification. CONCLUSIONS: A CT scan...

  5. Topical Mitomycin C in functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatraman, Vaidyanathan; Balasubramanian, Deepak; Gopalakrishnan, Suria; Saxena, Sunil Kumar; Shanmugasundaram, Nirmal

    2012-07-01

    In recent literature, there has been an interest in the use of Mitomycin C to reduce post-operative complications following endoscopic sinus surgery. We report our results on a prospective, randomized controlled trial involving 50 patients with chronic bilateral rhino sinusitis. We eliminated various confounding factors by studying a single group of patients, with symmetrical disease, without pre-existing gross anatomical abnormalities. Patients requiring revision sinus surgery were excluded. On completion of the surgery, a cotton pledget soaked in Mitomycin C was placed in one nostril (test) and saline-soaked pledget (control) was placed in the other side of the nose, both in the middle meatus. The side of the nasal cavity receiving the topical Mitomycin C was randomized. The patients were assessed periodically (first week, first month, third month and sixth month) for synechiae formation and presence or absence of their symptoms. At the first week follow up, there was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of synechiae between the saline and Mitomycin C side. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant improvement with regards to patient symptoms (nasal block and discharge) in the Mitomycin C side when compared to the saline side. At the third and sixth month, there was no difference between the two groups. The incidence of adverse tissue reaction (granulation, discharge, polypoidal mucosa and crusting) was less in the Mitomycin C side when compared to the saline side at the first month follow up. Topically applied Mitomycin C reduces the incidence of synechiae in the immediate post-operative period in patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery. There is also an improvement in nasal obstruction and discharge with a reduction in the incidence of adverse tissue reaction in the early post-operative period.

  6. Review of experimental models: sinusitis in rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Coura Perez

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: In order to better understand the pathophysiology of rhinosinusitis, several attempts have been made to create the disease in an animal model. Among the studied rodents each has its advantages and disadvantages. Rabbits are considered more appropriate for studies that require surgical manipulation or invasive procedures. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the most viable experimental model of rhinosinusitis in rabbits to be adopted in future studies. METHODS: An electronic search for studies with experimental models of rhinosinusitis in rabbits published in English and Portuguese between July of 1967 and January of 2013 was conducted in Medline, Pub Med, Cochrane, and CAPES databases, using the keywords "sinusitis", "rabbits", and "polyps". RESULTS: A total of 256 studies were retrieved, but in accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria, only ten studies were selected. Many different methods of response assessment were used in these studies. CONCLUSION: To date, there is no ideal experimental model for induction of acute or chronic rhinosinusitis in rabbits, but the rhinogenic model appears to be the most viable option for the continuity of studies of the disease.

  7. GENETIC PREDICTORS OF IDIOPATHIC SICK SINUS SYNDROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Chernova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Published data demonstrating genetic determination of sick sinus syndrome is presented. The definition of this pathology is presented; the main symptoms are described, as well as genes that influence the development of idiopathic sick sinus syndrome, their polymorphisms and role in disorders of the cardiovascular system.

  8. Genetic aspects of sick sinus syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chernova A.A.

    2013-03-01

    consistent with that of the genotypes of the above genes in the general population of primary sick sinus syndrome patients. The allelic variants of the above genes were not found to be associated with ompensated sick sinus syndrome. Conclusion. The genetic predictors of idiopathic sick sinus syndrome are heterozygous genotypes 44 GA and 4a/4b genes Cx 40 and NOS3 as well as homozygous genotypes in rare allele DD and GG genes ADRA2B and SCN5A. Polymorphic allelic variant 2161C > T (Arg721Trp of MYH6 gene was not revealed in the examined cohort of Krasnoyarsk population. The distribution of the genotypes of the investigated genes in latent sick sinus syndrome patients was found to be consistent with that of the genotypes in the general population of primary sick sinus syndrome patients.

  9. Intra-sinusal third molar: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Sampaio Neves

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic tooth eruption into an area other than the oral cavity is rare. Nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process and infratemporal fossa space have been reported as frequent locations for ectopic tooth eruption. Ectopic teeth located within the maxillary sinus may be asymptomatic, found only in routine examinations. Headache, sinusitis and nasal obstruction are some of the associated symptoms. The differential diagnosis includes foreign bodies (rhinolith, infections (syphilis and tuberculosis, benign lesions (hemangioma, osteoma, calcifi ed polyp and malign lesions (osteosarcoma. Upper third molars located within the maxillary sinus may be associated with the development of mucocele or dentigerous cyst. The aim of this paper was to describe the case of a 24-year old female patient with an ectopic right upper third molar in the maxillary sinus. A hyperdense area was observed with sinus obliteration, consistent with mucous material.

  10. Tooth in Ethmoid Sinus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tayebe Kazemei

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic eruption of teeth occurs in a variety of locations.Commonly seen in palate and maxillary sinus, they have alsobeen reported in nasal cavity, orbit, mandibular condyle,coronoid process, and facial skin.Here, we report a rare case of recurrent sinusitis caused byectopic tooth in right ethmoid sinus and successful endoscopicremoval of it. The symptoms of the patient disappeared aftersurgery. Such case has not been yet reported in the Englishliterature.Ectopic tooth is an uncommon cause of sinusitis. It shouldbe considered in patients presenting with recurrent sinusitis unresponsiveto medical treatment. Computed tomography of thesinuses is the modality of choice for diagnosis. Endoscopic sinussurgery is the best method for management of such cases.

  11. A 44-Year-Old Man with Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia and Bilateral Maxillary Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinta Oktya Wardhani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia is a chronic, indolent, lymphoproliferative disorder, which is characterized by the presence of a high macroglobulin (IgM level, elevated serum viscosity, and the presence of a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate in the bone marrow. Clinical manifestations may be found due to the presence of IgM paraprotein and malignant lymphoplasmacytic cell infiltration of the bone marrow and other tissues. We reported a case of male patient with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia and bilateral maxillary sinusitis. He had received symptomatic and antibiotic treatment for his sinusitis, FFP and PRC transfusion to improve his general condition and chemotherapy with CHOP regimen as definitive treatment.

  12. Application of Traditional Chinese Medicine Sequential Therapy Combined with Functional Endoscopic Nasal Sinus Surgery and Peri-operative Comprehensive Treatment in Treating Chronic Rhinosinusitis Patients%中医序贯疗法联合功能性内镜鼻窦手术及围术期综合治疗对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艺昌

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine sequential therapy combined with functional endoscopic nasal sinus surgery and peri-operative comprehensive treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis patients, thus to screen out more effective therapy for rhinosinusitis. Methods Sixty-six chronic rhinosinusitis patients admitted into our hospital from January of 2013 to December of 2013 were selected as the treatment group, and 63 chronic rhinosinusitis patients admitted into our hospital from January of 2012 to December of 2012 were selected as the control group. Both groups received functional endoscopic nasal sinus surgery and peri-operative comprehensive treatment, and the treatment group was given traditional Chinese medicine sequential therapy additionally, which included oral use of herbal medicine for expelling toxins to evacuate pus one month after operation, and acupoint catgut embedding therapy 2 months after operation. The scores of Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 20 ( SNOT-20) in both groups were observed 3, 6 months after operation, the therapeutic effect and patients’ satisfaction in both groups were also compared 6 months after operation. Results (1) Treatment group had better effect on improving the scores of nasal symptoms, associated symptoms, sleep disorders, emotional outcome and signs of SNOT-20, and on improving symptoms and signs integral scores than the control group 3, 6 months after operation (P<0.05). (2) In the treatment group, 57 cases were cured, 7 were relieved, 2 were ineffective, and the total effective rate was 97.0%; in the control group, 48 cases were cured, 10 were relieved, 5 were ineffective, and the total effective rate was 92.1%. The treatment group had better therapeutic effect than the control group (P<0.05). (3) The treatment group had higher patients’ satisfaction than the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion Traditional Chinese medicine sequential therapy combined with functional endoscopic nasal sinus

  13. Burden of fungal infections in Senegal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badiane, Aida S; Ndiaye, Daouda; Denning, David W

    2015-10-01

    Senegal has a high rate of tuberculosis and a low HIV seropositivity rate and aspergilloma, life-threatening fungal infections, dermatophytosis and mycetoma have been reported in this study. All published epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates from Senegal were identified. Where no data existed, we used specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies in each to estimate national incidence or prevalence. The results show that tinea capitis is common being found in 25% of children, ~1.5 million. About 191,000 Senegalese women get recurrent vaginal thrush, ≥4 times annually. We estimate 685 incident cases of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) following TB and prevalence of 2160 cases. Asthma prevalence in adults varies from 3.2% to 8.2% (mean 5%); 9976 adults have allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and 13,168 have severe asthma with fungal sensitisation (SAFS). Of the 59,000 estimated HIV-positive patients, 366 develop cryptococcal meningitis; 1149 develop Pneumocystis pneumonia and 1946 develop oesophageal candidiasis, in which oral candidiasis (53%) and dermatophytosis (16%) are common. Since 2008-2010, 113 cases of mycetoma were diagnosed. In conclusion, we estimate that 1,743,507 (12.5%) people in Senegal suffer from a fungal infection, excluding oral candidiasis, fungal keratitis, invasive candidiasis or aspergillosis. Diagnostic and treatment deficiencies should be rectified to allow epidemiological studies.

  14. Long-Term Safety of Topical Bacteriophage Application to the Frontal Sinus Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drilling, Amanda J.; Ooi, Mian L.; Miljkovic, Dijana; James, Craig; Speck, Peter; Vreugde, Sarah; Clark, Jason; Wormald, Peter-John

    2017-01-01

    Background: Staphylococcus aureus biofilms contribute negatively to a number of chronic conditions, including chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). With the inherent tolerance of biofilm-bound bacteria to antibiotics and the global problem of bacterial antibiotic resistance, the need to develop novel therapeutics is paramount. Phage therapy has previously shown promise in treating sinonasal S. aureus biofilms. Methods: This study investigates the long term (20 days) safety of topical sinonasal flushes with bacteriophage suspensions. The bacteriophage cocktail NOV012 against S. aureus selected for this work contains two highly characterized and different phages, P68 and K710. Host range was assessed against S. aureus strains isolated from CRS patients using agar spot tests. NOV012 was applied topically to the frontal sinus region of sheep, twice daily for 20 days. General sheep wellbeing, mucosal structural changes and inflammatory load were assessed to determine safety of NOV012 application. Results: NOV012 could lyse 52/61 (85%) of a panel of locally derived CRS clinical isolates. Application of NOV012 to the frontal sinuses of sheep for 20 days was found to be safe, with no observed inflammatory infiltration or tissue damage within the sinus mucosa. Conclusion: NOV012 cocktail appears safe to apply for extended periods to sheep sinuses and it could infect and lyse a wide range of S. aureus CRS clinical isolates. This indicates that phage therapy has strong potential as a treatment for chronic bacterial rhinosinusitis. PMID:28286740

  15. Freshwater Fungal Infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis J. Baumgardner

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fungal infections as a result of freshwater exposure or trauma are fortunately rare. Etiologic agents are varied, but commonly include filamentous fungi and Candida. This narrative review describes various sources of potential freshwater fungal exposure and the diseases that may result, including fungal keratitis, acute otitis externa and tinea pedis, as well as rare deep soft tissue or bone infections and pulmonary or central nervous system infections following traumatic freshwater exposure during natural disasters or near-drowning episodes. Fungal etiology should be suspected in appropriate scenarios when bacterial cultures or molecular tests are normal or when the infection worsens or fails to resolve with appropriate antibacterial therapy.

  16. MR diagnosis of dural sinus thrombosis. Diagnostico por RM de las trombosis de senos durales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rovira Caellas, A.; Turon Estrada, A.; Alvarez Sabin, J.; Lozano Sanchez, M.; Castao Duque, Ch.; Grive Isern, E.; Sumalla Sue, J. (Hospital General Vall d' Hebron Barcelona (Spain))

    1994-01-01

    Four adult patients were diagnosed as having dural sinus thrombosis (DST) by means of magnetic resonance (MR). In the three cases of acute thrombosis, MR disclosed diffuse or segmental hyperintensity in the sinuses involved, which persisted regardless of the sequence and orientation of the plane selected. MR angiography (MRA) provided diagnostic information that proved useful in the chronic case, as well as in the two cases in which follow-up was carried out to determine the degree to which permeability was restored to the sinuses involved. MR diagnosis of DST can produce false positives and negatives, the causes of which should be known, as well as the ways to avoid them, in order to prevent diagnostic errors. MR, when applied and interpreted correctly, can be considered the first, and in many cases the only, choice as a diagnostic method in DST. (Author)

  17. Sinus node dysfunction in non-medicational treatment of atrial fibrillation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bockeria L. А.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Sinus node dysfunction or sick sinus syndrome (SSS includes clinical conditions such as symptomatic sinus bradycardia, sinus pauses or arrest, sinus node exit block, atrial tachycardias and chronotropic incompetence. Even though SSS incidence increases in an exponential-like manner with age, it can occur at all ages, including in the newborn. The mean age of patients with the syndrome is 68 years, with both genders being affected in approximately equal proportion. This condition occurs in 1 of every 600 cardiac patients over 65. Degenerative fibrosis of the tissues of the node has been suggested to be a common cause of SSS. Although it is still disputed. SSS is frequently associated with atrial fibrillation and flutter, tachy-bradycardia syndrome. Tachy-bradycardia syndrome is defined as sinus bradycardia coupled with atrial flutter/fibrillation or reciprocal atrial tachycardia. This syndrome is common in young patients following a surgical treatment of a congenital heart disease. Patients with chronic or persistent atrial flutter/fibrillation show high rates of cardiovascular disorders and mortality while sinus bradycardia is thought as an independent risk factor of atrial flutter/fibrillation. There are certain restrictions to medical treatment: long-term administration of the same medication (sotalol, amiodarone for atrial flutter/fibrillation can cause symptomatic bradycardia while administration of other medication (a class 1 drug increases the likelihood of ventricular arrythmias or evident bradycardia that enhances the risk of sudden cardiac death. Following atrial fibrillation ablation patients saw a significant improvement in the sinus node function, or saw a better sinus node function disrupted due to remodelling that takes place during atrial fibrillation. The surgical methods applications proved most efficient in non-medicational treatment of atrial fibrillation. In the late 1980s American surgeon J. L. Cox developed a so-called Maze

  18. Current concepts on complications associated with sinus augmentation procedures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2014-01-01

    The sinus augmentation, or sinus lift procedure, is an internal augmentation of the maxillary sinus, which is intended to increase the vertical bony dimension in the lateral maxilla to make the placement of dental implants possible. Complication rate associated with maxillary sinus augmentation proc

  19. Association between maxillary sinus pathologies and healthy teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina D. Roque-Torres

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: The proximity of the roots to the maxillary sinus can create a variety of risks. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the roots of healthy teeth and the maxillary sinus, as well as the occurrence of sinus pathologies. METHODS: Three radiologists analyzed 109 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT images. The Kappa test was used to assess the intra- and inter-rater agreement. The chi-squared test and prevalence ratio were used to test the hypothesis that roots of healthy teeth in the maxillary sinus favored the occurrence of sinus pathologies ( p = 0.01. RESULTS: Intra- and inter-rater agreement ranged from good to excellent. The chi-squared test demonstrated a statistically significant difference ( p = 0.006 between the tooth roots in diseased maxillary sinuses (6.09% and those in normal sinuses (3.43%. The prevalence ratio test showed a statistically significant higher prevalence of tooth roots in diseased sinuses than in normal sinuses ( p < 0.0001. Roots in the maxillary sinus were 1.82 times more associated with diseased sinuses. CONCLUSION: Dental roots in the maxillary sinus are almost twice as likely to be associated with diseased sinuses than normal sinuses. Healthy teeth whose roots are inside the maxillary sinus may induce an inflammatory response in the sinus membrane. It is suspected that dental procedures may exacerbate the condition.

  20. Pathogenic Yet Environmentally Friendly? Black Fungal Candidates for Bioremediation of Pollutants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blasi, Barbara; Poyntner, Caroline; Rudavsky, Tamara; Prenafeta-Boldú, Francesc X.; Hoog, Sybren De; Tafer, Hakim; Sterflinger, Katja

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT A collection of 163 strains of black yeast-like fungi from the CBS Fungal Biodiversity Center (Utrecht, The Netherlands), has been screened for the ability to grow on hexadecane, toluene and polychlorinated biphenyl 126 (PCB126) as the sole carbon and energy source. These compounds were chosen as representatives of relevant environmental pollutants. A microtiter plate-based culture assay was set up in order to screen the fungal strains for growth on the selected xenobiotics versus glucose, as a positive control. Growth was observed in 25 strains on at least two of the tested substrates. Confirmation of substrate assimilation was performed by cultivation on closed vials and analysis of the headspace composition with regard to the added volatile substrates and the generated carbon dioxide. Exophiala mesophila (CBS 120910) and Cladophialophora immunda (CBS 110551), both of the order Chaetothyriales and isolated from a patient with chronic sinusitis and a polluted soil sample, respectively, showed the ability to grow on toluene as the sole carbon and energy source. Toluene assimilation has previously been described for C. immunda but this is the first account for E. mesophila. Also, this is the first time that the capacity to grow on alkylbenzenes has been demonstrated for a clinical isolate. Assimilation of toluene could not be demonstrated for the human opportunistic pathogen Pseudoallescheria boydii (CBS 115.59, Microascales), but the results from microtiter plate assays suggest that strains of this species are promising candidates for further studies. The outstanding abilities of black yeast-like fungi to thrive in extreme environments makes them ideal agents for the bioremediation of polluted soils, and for the treatment of contaminated gas streams in biofilters. However, interrelations between hydrocarbonoclastic and potentially pathogenic strains need to be elucidated in order to avoid the possibility of biohazards occurring. PMID:27019541

  1. Clinical study on the treatment of recurrentⅢtype of chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps in 177 cases%治疗复发性Ⅲ型慢性鼻-鼻窦炎鼻息肉177例临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春姐; 黄月燕; 叶菊花

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究鼻内镜下治疗复发性Ⅲ型慢性鼻—鼻窦炎鼻息肉的临床疗效。方法:收治177例复发性Ⅲ型慢性鼻—鼻窦炎鼻息肉患者,结合鼻窦CT和鼻内镜下情况,了解复发鼻腔鼻窦解剖变异的形态,进行规范性术前治疗、鼻内镜下Fess手术以及处理相关鼻腔、鼻中隔、鼻甲等解剖变异治病因素。术后规范用药治疗,合理进行鼻腔护理。术后跟踪复查处理半年~1年的情况。结果:随访0.5~1年,177例患者中175例治愈,2例好转,坚持2年跟踪复诊治愈,治愈率98.8%。结论:术前规范治疗,提高术者手术技巧,经鼻内镜下Fess手术及处理变异的鼻腔、鼻中隔、鼻甲等相关因素,术后处理和定期跟踪复查处理,复发性Ⅲ型慢性鼻—鼻窦炎鼻息肉效果满意,术前、术中、术后及跟踪复查处理决定治疗效果。%Objective To study the endoscopic treatment of recurrentⅢtype of chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps clinical curative effect. Methods 177 hospitalized cases of recurrentⅢin patients with chronic rhinosinusitis,nasal sinus under nasal endoscope combined with CT and the situation,understand the recurrence of nasal anatomic variation of morphology,standard preoperative treatment,endoscopic FESS operation and processing of nasal cavity,nasal septum,nasal anatomic variation in the treatment factors,operation after the standard drug treatment,nasal cavity nursing,postoperative follow—up examinations and treatment of ~1 in the first half of year. Results during the 0. 5~1 years of follow—up,177 patients 175 were cured,2 cases improved,adhere to the 2 years tracjing were cured,the cure rate was 98. 8%. Conclusion Preoperative standard treatment,improve operation technique,variation of the endoscopic FESS operation and the treatment of nasal turbinate,nasal septum,and other related factors,postoperative treatment and regular follow—up examinations and treatment

  2. [Ectopic molar tooth in the maxillary sinus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altun, Hüseyin; Teker, Ayşenur Meriç; Ceran, Murat; Gedikli, Orhan

    2007-01-01

    The development of intranasal ectopic teeth is rare. Although they are more commonly seen in the palate and maxillary sinus, they can also be found in the mandibular condyle, coronoid process, and nasal cavity. A 30-year-old male patient presented with a complaint of headache. Computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses showed a bony mass in the right maxillary sinus wall, 1 cm in size. He did not have any history of maxillofacial trauma or operation. The mass was removed via a Caldwell-Luc procedure. It looked like a tooth. Histopathologic diagnosis was made as ectopic molar tooth. The patient was asymptomatic two weeks after the operation.

  3. Petrosal sinus sampling: technique and rationale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, D L; Doppman, J L

    1991-01-01

    Bilateral simultaneous sampling of the inferior petrosal sinuses is an extremely sensitive, specific, and accurate test for diagnosing Cushing disease and distinguishing between that entity and the ectopic ACTH syndrome. It is also valuable for lateralizing small hormone-producing adenomas within the pituitary gland. The inferior petrosal sinuses connect the cavernous sinuses with the ipsilateral internal jugular veins. The anatomy of the anastomoses between the inferior petrosal sinus, the internal jugular vein, and the venous plexuses at the base of the skull varies, but it is almost always possible to catheterize the inferior petrosal sinus. In addition, variations in size and anatomy are often present between the two inferior petrosal sinuses in a patient. Advance preparation is required for petrosal sinus sampling. Teamwork is a critical element, and each member of the staff should know what he or she will be doing during the procedure. The samples must be properly labeled, processed, and stored. Specific needles, guide wires, and catheters are recommended for this procedure. The procedure is performed with specific attention to the three areas of potential technical difficulty: catheterization of the common femoral veins, crossing the valve at the base of the left internal jugular vein, and selective catheterization of the inferior petrosal sinuses. There are specific methods for dealing with each of these areas. The sine qua non of correct catheter position in the inferior petrosal sinus is demonstration of reflux of contrast material into the ipsilateral cavernous sinus. Images must always be obtained to document correct catheter position. Special attention must be paid to two points to prevent potential complications: The patient must be given an adequate dose of heparin, and injection of contrast material into the inferior petrosal sinuses and surrounding veins must be done gently and carefully. When the procedure is performed as outlined, both inferior

  4. Management of the entered frontal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caroli, Emanuela; Rocchi, Giovanni; D'Andrea, Giancarlo; Delfini, Roberto

    2004-10-01

    The opening of the frontal sinus is a common occurrence in surgical practice. It may involve many surgical disciplines. The complications that may derive from incorrect treatment of an opened frontal sinus are potentially fatal. Unfortunately, the treatment of patients with injured frontal sinus is not uniform and standardized. Here, we describe our technique of treatment. We propose our treatment modality on the basis of our personal experience, which has been excellent in the past 20 years, that is from the time of the technique's introduction and routine application.

  5. Analysis of risk factors of patients with chronic liver failure complicated invasive fungal infections%慢性肝衰竭患者侵袭性真菌感染的危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡耀仁; 胡爱荣

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the risk factors of chronic liver failure(CLF) complicated invnsive fungal infections(IFI) and prevention and treatment. Methods The clinical data and risk factors of 52 patients with CLF complicated IFI were analyzed retrospectively and were compared with those not complicated IFI. Risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Logistic regression test and Ridit test. Results In 52 patients with CLF complicated IFI, there were 69 fungal infections in different tissue and organs, the most were in oral cavity, but other tissue and organs especially bellows infections were rising. Candida albieans infeefions were the most, but cryptococcus neoformans infections and aspergillus infections were rising. The risk factors included species of bacteria infections, serum total bilimbin, hospital days, times of antibiotics using, number of invasive operation,species of antibiotics and degrees of aseites. The mortality of patients with CLF complicated IFI were much higher than those not complicated IFI. Conclusion Patients with CLF complicated IFI have poor progress and prognosis. The effective prevent methods are treating primary disease actively, reducing hospital days, detecting patients' body fluids closely, identifying source of infection as early as possible, using antibiotics correctly, reducing or avoiding invasive operation, using immunoactivators and disinfecting air regularly.%目的 探讨慢性肝衰竭(Chronic liver failure,CLF)患者合并侵袭性真菌感染(Invnsivefunsal infections,IFl)的危险因素及防治措施.方法 回顾性分析52例CLF合并IFI患者的I临床特点、危险因素以及预后,并与随机选取同期住院的52例CLF未合并真菌感染患者作为对照.结果 52例真菌感染者发生了69例次不同部位感染,感染部位虽然以浅部口腔为主,但是其他部位感染有上升趋势,尤其是肺部感染;感染真菌种属虽然仍以白色念珠菌为主,但是新型隐

  6. Feasibility of the maxillary sinus ultrasonic study in patients with iatrogenic sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D. Varzhapetyan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to study the effectiveness of ultrasonic diagnostic imaging in the diagnostics of the iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis. Materials and Methods. 68 (100.0% patients of iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis undergone Sonographic Study in B-mode (ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus FCUSON X 500, ATSmod.539 (SIEMENS, USA. For this purpose, we used linear sensors with a working surface of 37 mm long with 7.10 MHz frequency regime. The findings were compared with the results of clinical (rhinoscopy, sinus lavage through perforation, diagnostic puncture and radiological (cone-beam computed tomography examination. The results were recorded according The accuracy of the two-dimensional sonography in the detection of pathological formations (polyps, cysts, foreign bodies, iatrogenic and inflammatory origin in the sinus was detected as lower than in clinical methods. Sensitivity of the two-dimensional sonography was 8.3%, specificity – 95.4% overall accuracy – 64.7%. Informativity of the cone beam tomography in the detection of exudation, effusion and thickening of the sinus mucosa during sinus iatrogenic sinusitis was detected as lower than in sonography. The sensitivity of the two-dimensional sonography in the detection of exudation in the sinus with iatrogenic maxillary sinus was 96.8%, specificity – 91.7% overall accuracy – 94.1%. The sensitivity of the cone beam tomography to thicken (sclerotic changes mucosa was 37.5%, specificity – 92.8%, accuracy – 52.9%. Conclusions. Feasibility of the ultrasound sonography in patients with iatrogenic sinusitis is less than in computer tomography. Maxillary sinuses sonography in addition to CT will improve the quality of the examination in patients with iatrogenic maxillary sinusitis.

  7. Immunological Consequences of Intestinal Fungal Dysbiosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Matthew L; Limon, Jose J; Bar, Agnieszka S; Leal, Christian A; Gargus, Matthew; Tang, Jie; Brown, Jordan; Funari, Vincent A; Wang, Hanlin L; Crother, Timothy R; Arditi, Moshe; Underhill, David M; Iliev, Iliyan D

    2016-06-08

    Compared to bacteria, the role of fungi within the intestinal microbiota is poorly understood. In this study we investigated whether the presence of a "healthy" fungal community in the gut is important for modulating immune function. Prolonged oral treatment of mice with antifungal drugs resulted in increased disease severity in acute and chronic models of colitis, and also exacerbated the development of allergic airway disease. Microbiota profiling revealed restructuring of fungal and bacterial communities. Specifically, representation of Candida spp. was reduced, while Aspergillus, Wallemia, and Epicoccum spp. were increased. Oral supplementation with a mixture of three fungi found to expand during antifungal treatment (Aspergillus amstelodami, Epicoccum nigrum, and Wallemia sebi) was sufficient to recapitulate the exacerbating effects of antifungal drugs on allergic airway disease. Taken together, these results indicate that disruption of commensal fungal populations can influence local and peripheral immune responses and enhance relevant disease states.

  8. Intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamide, Tomoya; Nakada, Mitsutoshi; Hayashi, Yutaka; Hayashi, Yasuhiko; Uchiyama, Naoyuki; Hamada, Jun-Ichiro

    2009-11-01

    We report a 57-year-old man with intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by ethmoid sinus osteoma. He had a history of severe allergic rhinitis, which caused him to frequently blow his nose, and he was referred to our hospital with headache and mild left hemiparesis. CT scans revealed a large volume of intraparenchymal air entrapped in the right frontal lobe related to an osteoma in the ethmoid sinus. The osteoma eroded the upper wall of the sinus and extended into the anterior cranial fossa. At operation, we observed that the osteoma had protruded intracranially through the skull base, disrupted the dura and extended into the frontal lobe. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with intraparenchymal pneumocephalus caused by an ethmoid sinus osteoma.

  9. Systemic corticosteroid therapy for acute sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venekamp, R.P.; Thompson, M.J.; Rovers, M.M.

    2015-01-01

    CLINICAL QUESTION: Are oral or parenteral corticosteroids associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute sinusitis compared with placebo or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)? BOTTOM LINE: Oral corticosteroids combined with antibiotics may be associated with modest bene

  10. Systemic corticosteroid therapy for acute sinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venekamp, Roderick P.; Thompson, Matthew J.; Rovers, Maroeska M.

    2015-01-01

    CLINICAL QUESTION: Are oral or parenteral corticosteroids associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute sinusitis compared with placebo or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)? BOTTOM LINE: Oral corticosteroids combined with antibioticsmay be associated with modest benef

  11. Frontal sinus recognition for human identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falguera, Juan Rogelio; Falguera, Fernanda Pereira Sartori; Marana, Aparecido Nilceu

    2008-03-01

    Many methods based on biometrics such as fingerprint, face, iris, and retina have been proposed for person identification. However, for deceased individuals, such biometric measurements are not available. In such cases, parts of the human skeleton can be used for identification, such as dental records, thorax, vertebrae, shoulder, and frontal sinus. It has been established in prior investigations that the radiographic pattern of frontal sinus is highly variable and unique for every individual. This has stimulated the proposition of measurements of the frontal sinus pattern, obtained from x-ray films, for skeletal identification. This paper presents a frontal sinus recognition method for human identification based on Image Foresting Transform and shape context. Experimental results (ERR = 5,82%) have shown the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  12. Genetics Home Reference: sick sinus syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the structure of myosin, which can affect cardiac muscle contraction and increase the likelihood of developing an abnormal heartbeat. More commonly, sick sinus syndrome is caused by other ... such as muscular dystrophy, abnormal inflammation, or a shortage of oxygen ( ...

  13. Radiological evaluation of sinus valsalva rupture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yul; Park, Jae Hyung; Yeon, Kyung Mo; Han, Man Chung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1984-03-15

    We obtained the following results by reviewing the radiographic findings of 15 cases of Sinus valsalva rupture who were diagnosed surgically at Seoul National University Hospital since 1979. 1. Among distribution was from 15 years to 40 years with the mean age of 24 years. Among the 15 cases, 9 cases were male and 7 were female. 2. Ruptured sinus is right coronary sinus projecting to right ventricle in all 15 cases. Combined diseases are ventricular septal defect in 12 cases, Aortic Valvular heart disease in 4 cases, and narrowing of right ventricular outflow tract in 2 cases, and aneurysmal dilatation of right pulmonary artery in 1 cases. 3. Chest X-ray findings were that of left to right shunt, i.e, cardiomegaly, increased pulmonary vascularity but were normal in 3 cases. 4. Aortography showed sequential leakage of dye from right coronary sinus to right ventricle and finally to pulmonary artery in 9 cases, and in 9 cases of them the leakage is directly to right ventricular outflow tract without filling of sinus portion of the ventricle., i.e., type I. 5. The leakage was well shown in left ventricular diastolic phase and not shown in systolic phase. 6. Ventricular septal defects were not detected definitely in spite of taking left ventriculography. 7. Cine angiography is essential for detecting accurate site, degree and direction of sinus valsalva rupture and other associated cardiac abnormality.

  14. Resultados em longo prazo da cirurgia endoscópica nasossinusal no tratamento da rinossinusite crônica com e sem pólipos nasais Long-term outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Gama Mascarenhas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Rinossinusite crônica (RSC afeta significativamente a qualidade de vida e o tratamento clínico e cirúrgico visa apenas seu controle clínico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a qualidade de vida e o controle clínico da RSC em longo prazo em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia endoscópica nasossinusal. MÉTODO: Estudo observacional longitudinal prospectivo que seguiu pacientes com diagnóstico clínico de RSC no pré-operatório, pós-operatório de 3 meses e depois por no mínimo 2 anos após cirurgia nasossinusal endoscópica com a utilização do questionário Sinonasal Outcome Test 22 (SNOT-22 como principal medida de resposta ao tratamento, além da avaliação do controle clínico a longo prazo. RESULTADOS: Trinta e oito pacientes foram avaliados em todos os intervalos. Houve uma grande melhora dos valores do SNOT-22 entre o pré-operatório (61,3 e o pós-operatório de 3 (16,9 e 24 meses (32,3. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os pacientes com e sem pólipos nasais. Nota-se pouca proporção de pacientes controlados em ambos os grupos, e 7,89% foram submetidos à cirurgia revisional no período estudado. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia endoscópica nasossinusal promoveu importante melhora da qualidade de vida nos pacientes com rinossinusite crônica, atingindo controle clínico aceitável com baixa necessidade de reintervenção cirúrgica, mesmo após dois anos de seguimento pós-operatório.Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS significantly affects patient quality of life. Medical and surgical treatments aim to clinically manage the condition. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term quality of life and clinical management of CRS in patients submitted to endoscopic sinus surgery. METHOD: This prospective cross-sectional cohort study enrolled 38 patients and looked into the follow-up data of subjects diagnosed with CRS before surgery, three months after surgery, and at least two years after surgery. The Sinonasal Outcome Test 22 (SNOT-22 was used to

  15. Fungal keratitis associated with ocular rosacea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Vandana; Shome, Debraj; Sajnani, Manoj; Natarajan, Sundaram

    2010-06-01

    In order to report fungal keratitis in patients of ocular rosacea, a retrospective review of all cases of fungal keratitis was undertaken. Cases in which ocular rosacea coexisted were identified and included in the study. The clinical course of patients thus identified was studied from the medical records and outcomes were evaluated. A total of three cases of fungal keratitis with coexisting ocular rosacea were identified. All three patients were known cases of acne rosacea with an intermittent, irregular treatment for the same. Previous history of contact lens use, ocular surgery or trauma was not present in any of the cases. Microbiological evaluation revealed Aspergillus flavus as the causative organism in two patients and an unidentified hyaline fungus in the third. Patients received simultaneous therapy for fungal keratitis and ocular rosacea. The ocular surface completely stabilized and the infiltrate resolved in all three cases. The chronic ocular surface changes and induced inflammation in ocular rosacea, along with the instillation of topical steroids for therapy, may create an environmental milieu favorable for fungal keratitis. Microbiological evaluation should be considered, even in cases of suspected sterile keratitis, prior to treatment with topical steroids, so as to prevent the possible worsening of an associated infective corneal condition.

  16. Burden of serious fungal infections in Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagrou, Katrien; Maertens, Johan; Van Even, Ellen; Denning, David W

    2015-10-01

    We aimed to estimate the total number of serious fungal infections occurring yearly in Belgium. The number of cryptococcal infections was retrieved from the National Reference Center for Mycosis. Populations at risk and fungal infections frequencies in these populations were used to estimate incidence or prevalence of other fungal infections. The Belgian population consists of 11.10 million people. Cryptococcal meningitis is rare. In all, 15 of the 1227 newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases presented with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. This accounts for ±14% of total PCP cases (n = 120). The incidence of candidaemia is estimated as 5/100,000 resulting in 555 cases and 213 deaths. A total number of 675 invasive aspergillosis cases and ≥169 deaths attributed to this infection were calculated. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis is estimated to be prevalent in 662 cases. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis cases were estimated to be 23,119 applying a 2.5% and 15% rate in adult asthma and cystic fibrosis patients respectively. Severe asthma with fungal sensitisation cases was estimated to be 30,402. There were 174,760 women with recurrent Candida vaginitis assuming a 6% rate in women aged between 15 and 50. Approximately 233,000 people of the Belgian population (2.1%) are estimated to suffer from a fungal infection on a yearly basis.

  17. Fungal Genomics Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grigoriev, Igor

    2012-03-12

    The JGI Fungal Genomics Program aims to scale up sequencing and analysis of fungal genomes to explore the diversity of fungi important for energy and the environment, and to promote functional studies on a system level. Combining new sequencing technologies and comparative genomics tools, JGI is now leading the world in fungal genome sequencing and analysis. Over 120 sequenced fungal genomes with analytical tools are available via MycoCosm (www.jgi.doe.gov/fungi), a web-portal for fungal biologists. Our model of interacting with user communities, unique among other sequencing centers, helps organize these communities, improves genome annotation and analysis work, and facilitates new larger-scale genomic projects. This resulted in 20 high-profile papers published in 2011 alone and contributing to the Genomics Encyclopedia of Fungi, which targets fungi related to plant health (symbionts, pathogens, and biocontrol agents) and biorefinery processes (cellulose degradation, sugar fermentation, industrial hosts). Our next grand challenges include larger scale exploration of fungal diversity (1000 fungal genomes), developing molecular tools for DOE-relevant model organisms, and analysis of complex systems and metagenomes.

  18. Clinical observation of treating chronic sinusitis with biyuan tongqiao granule%鼻渊通窍颗粒治疗慢性鼻炎-鼻窦炎的临床疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾斌; 唐锦森; 徐贻谋; 张锦; 叶子菁

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨鼻渊通窍颗粒治疗慢性鼻炎-鼻窦炎的临床疗效。方法:将确诊为慢性鼻炎-鼻窦炎的166例患者随机分成对照组和治疗组各83例。对照组:桉柠蒎肠溶胶囊,0.3 g/次,3次/d,治疗组在对照组的基础上,加用鼻渊通窍颗粒,15 g/次,3次/d。结果:治疗组患者总体疗效的有效率为86.7‰,明显优于对照组的63.9‰,两组比较差异具有统计学意义。治疗期间两组均未发现明显不良反应。结论:鼻渊通窍颗粒联合桉柠蒎肠溶胶囊治疗慢性鼻炎-鼻窦炎疗效明确,用药安全,值得在临床推广应用。%Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of Biyuan Tongqiao Granule. Methods 166 patients with chronic rhinosinus-itis were randomly divided into control group and treatment group with 83 cases respectively. Control group:to receive the DLP enteric soft capsule,0. 3 g for each time,three times per day. Treatment group:on the basis of the control group,add Biyuan Tongqiao Granule each 15 g, three times per day. Results The effective rate for treatment group patients was 86. 7‰,that is significantly higher than 63. 9‰ in the control group,No obvious adverse reactions were found during the period of treatment. Conclusion Biyuan Tongqiao Granule combined( DLP)enter-ic soft capsule for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis demonstrate effectiveness and safety,This treatment combination is worth of promo-tion. .

  19. Fungal DNA barcoding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jianping

    2016-11-01

    Fungi are ubiquitous in both natural and human-made environments. They play important roles in the health of plants, animals, and humans, and in broad ecosystem functions. Thus, having an efficient species-level identification system could significantly enhance our ability to treat fungal diseases and to monitor the spatial and temporal patterns of fungal distributions and migrations. DNA barcoding is a potent approach for rapid identification of fungal specimens, generating novel species hypothesis, and guiding biodiversity and ecological studies. In this mini-review, I briefly summarize (i) the history of DNA sequence-based fungal identification; (ii) the emergence of the ITS region as the consensus primary fungal barcode; (iii) the use of the ITS barcodes to address a variety of issues on fungal diversity from local to global scales, including generating a large number of species hypothesis; and (iv) the problems with the ITS barcode region and the approaches to overcome these problems. Similar to DNA barcoding research on plants and animals, significant progress has been achieved over the last few years in terms of both the questions being addressed and the foundations being laid for future research endeavors. However, significant challenges remain. I suggest three broad areas of research to enhance the usefulness of fungal DNA barcoding to meet the current and future challenges: (i) develop a common set of primers and technologies that allow the amplification and sequencing of all fungi at both the primary and secondary barcode loci; (ii) compile a centralized reference database that includes all recognized fungal species as well as species hypothesis, and allows regular updates from the research community; and (iii) establish a consensus set of new species recognition criteria based on barcode DNA sequences that can be applied across the fungal kingdom.

  20. Keratocystic odontogenic tumor involving the maxillary sinus: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Asif Kiresur

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT is a frequently encountered developmental cyst of the jaws. The occurrence of KCOT in the maxillary sinus is rare. The mucosa of the maxillary sinus is susceptible to infections, allergic diseases, and neoplasm. The anatomic position of maxillary premolar and molar teeth is in close contact with the sinus predispose to spreading of pulp and periodontal infection, odontogenic cyst, and tumors to the sinus. Diagnosis and treating KCOT in maxillary sinus is challenging as treatment has to be rendered for sinusitis because of pathology in the sinus and for KCOT. We report a case of 35-year-old female with KCOT involving the lining of the maxillary sinus and put forward hypotheses for the origin of KCOT in the maxillary sinus.

  1. Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of chronic rhinitis and nasal sinusitis(2008, Nanchang)%慢性鼻-鼻窦炎诊断和治疗指南(2008年,南昌)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中华耳鼻咽喉头颈外科杂志编委会; 中华医学会耳鼻咽喉头颈外科学分会鼻科学组

    2009-01-01

    由于慢性鼻-鼻窦炎(也称慢性鼻窦炎,chronic rhinosinusitis,CRS)的病因学和发病机制等方面的研究结论尚不十分清晰,在诊断定义、分型及选择治疗方案等方面尚存有争议。近年来,以欧美为主的学者们相继组织制定了一系列有关鼻-鼻窦炎诊疗方面的指导性文件。这些指导性文件的出台,反映了各国学者们对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎诊疗研究的重视。1997年制定的海口标准对我国开展鼻内镜外科手术、评价手术后疗效、

  2. Aanalysis of CT findings of invasive pulmonary fungal infections in patients with chronic severe hepatitis%慢性重型乙型肝炎患者合并侵袭性肺真菌感染的CT特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎淑娟; 施裕新; 张志勇; 屈莉红; 王介非; 冯艳玲

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨慢性重型乙型肝炎(CSHB)患者并发侵袭性真菌感染(IPFI)的特征性CT表现.方法:回顾性分析40例经组织学或细菌学证实的CSHB并发IPFI患者的CT表现,观察病变的形态、范围、边界、密度和病灶大小特点,并分析其与病原菌的关系.结果:40例CSHB患者并发侵袭性真菌感染中念珠菌20例,曲霉菌15例,组织胞浆菌3例,肺孢子菌2例.CT征象中出现最多的为结节(18例,45%),其他依次为实变(10例,27.1%)、网格或线样影(5例,13.5%)、磨玻璃影(4例,10.8%)、胸腔积液(3例,8.1%).CT征象在各病原体感染中出现频率差异均无统计学意义(P值均>0.05).结论:CSHB患者并发IPFI的CT表现缺乏特异性,需结合临床实验室资料、病变分布及病变演变才能作出明确诊断.%Objective: To review the CT findings in severe hepatitis patients with invasive pulmonary fungal infections (IPFI). Methods:The medical records were reviewed in 40 chronic severe hepatitis patients with IPFI,who had undergone pulmonary thin section CT in this study. The lesion form,extent,margin,density and size of IPFI were analyzed in correla tion with the final diagnosis retrospectively. And the relationship with the causative factor of mycosis was also assessed. Results;Pathogens:Candida albicans (n=20) was the most common, followed by aspergillus (n = 15) and histoplasmosis (n=3) ,pneumocystis (n=2). CT findings: nodules (18 ,45 %) were the most common findings of chronic severe hepatitis patients with IPFI,followed by consolidations (10,27. 1%) ,reticular or linear opacities (5,13.5%) ,Ground glass attenua tions (4,10.8%) and pleural effusion (3 ,8. 1 %). There were no statistically significant difierences in the prevalence of CT patterns (P>0. 05). Conclusions:The CT findings in chronic severe hepatitis patients with IPFI are too complex to be easily distinguished from other diseases. Definite diagnosis can only be made by combining clinical laboratory data

  3. Fungal arthritis and osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohli, Rakhi; Hadley, Susan

    2005-12-01

    Fungal arthritis and osteomyelitis are uncommon diseases and generally present in an indolent fashion. The incidence of fungal bone and joint dis-ease is increasing with an increase in the prevalence of factors predisposing to invasive fungal disease, such as the use of central venous catheters, broad spectrum antibiotics, immunosuppression, and abdominal surgery. Definitive diagnosis relies on bone or synovial culture or biopsy. Successful management has traditionally consisted of amphotericin B in combination with surgical debridement. Given the rarity of this disease, treatment is not well defined, but reports of success with the use of azole antifungal agents, including itraconazole, fluconazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole, are promising.

  4. [Influence of beta block and autonomic nerve block on the recovery time of the sinus node in sick sinus syndrome and carotid sinus syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brignole, M; Sartore, B; Barra, M; Menozzi, C; Monducci, I; Bertulla, A

    1984-10-01

    In order to evaluate the relative role of the automatic nervus system and of the intrinsic electrophysiologic properties on the sinus node function, we measured the corrected sinus node recovery time before and after autonomic nervous system blockade in 24 patients. Fourteen had a sick sinus syndrome, five had a carotid sinus syncope, two had syncope of unknown origin associated with bradycardia. Beta blockade was obtained by infusing metoprolol intravenously at a dosage of 0.2 mg/kg; complete automatic blockade was achieved by further i.v. administration of atropine at a dosage of 0.04 mg/kg. After beta blockade, the corrected sinus node recovery time increased in patients with sick sinus syndrome and intrinsic slow heart rate, whereas it decreased in patients with carotid sinus syncope or with syncope and bradycardia. In patients with sick sinus syndrome and normal intrinsic heart rate the response was variable. A positive direct correlation was found between the changes of the corrected sinus node recovery time induced by beta blockade and those induced by autonomic blockade; that is, both either prolonged or shortened the corrected sinus node recovery time. The changes of the corrected sinus node recovery time after beta blockade alone were inversely correlated with the intrinsic heart rate. We conclude that patients with intrinsic depression of the sinus node have an increased sympathetic tone.

  5. [Sinus lift and dental implantation after endosurgical treatment of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sysoliatin, S P; Sysoliatin, P G; Palkina, M O; Solop, M V

    2013-01-01

    The long-term results of dental implant placement in patients with the history of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis are assessed in retrospective study. Maxillary sinusotomy and endoscopic surgery procedures are compared in regard to complications risks after subsequent sinus lift and dental implantation, the latter proving to be method of choice in such cases.

  6. 老年慢性阻塞性肺病患者窦性心率震荡及心率变异性的研究%Clinical significance of sinus heart rate turbulence and heart rate variability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭海鹏; 唐其柱; 刘畅; 刘慧红; 邓伟; 周恒; 沈涤非

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of sinus heart rate turbulence (HRT)and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods The 59 moderate to severe COPD patients and 30 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. The 24-hour holter monitor was used to screen the HRT onset (TO), turbulence slope (TS)and HRV. Pulmonary function tests and echocardiographic examination were performed for measuring left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), right atrial dimension (RAD), right ventricular dimension (RVD), right ventricular wall thickness (RVWT). Then all the parameters were compared between NC group and COPD group, and the relationship between HRT and HRV was investigated. Results Compared with control group, TO was significantly increased [(-0.2±1.1) % vs.(-3.8±2.8) %, t=6. 830,P<0.01] and TS was decreased [(7.0±3.6) ms/RR vs. (11.7±6.1) ms/RR, t =3. 866, P<0.01] in COPD group. In time domain HRV parameters, normal RR intervallerinin standart deviation(SDNN), standard deviation of normal-to-normal beats index (SDNNi), standard deviation of the averages of normal sinus to normal sinus (SDANN), mean squared differences of the successive RR intervals (rMSDD), fraction of consecutive normal sinus intervals that differ by more than 50 ms (PNN50) were significantly lower in COPD group than in control group(P<0. 05). TO was negatively correlated with SDANN and rMSDD (r=-0. 369, P<0. 05; r=-0.472, P<0.01).TS was positively correlated with SDNN, SDANN and PNN50 (all P<0.05), but had no correlation with rMSDD (P>0. 05). Conclusions HRT and HRV are dramatically blunted in COPD patients.Combination of HRV and prognosis. and HRT may be simple and elegant ways for evaluating cardiac autonomic functions.%目的 探讨慢性阻塞性肺病(COPD)患者窦性心率震荡(HRT)及心率变异性(HRV)变化及临床意义.方法 临床诊断为COPD老年患者59例,选择同期健康老年人30

  7. Insect pathology and fungal entomopathogens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungi that occur inside asymptomatic plant tissues are known as fungal endophytes. Different genera of fungal entomopathogens have been reported as naturally occurring fungal endophytes, and it has been shown that it is possible to inoculate plants with fungal entomopathogens, making them endophytic...

  8. Normal Sinus Rhythm-Sinus Bradycardia is Common in Young Children Post-extracardiac Fontan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, William N; Acherman, Ruben J; Restrepo, Humberto

    2016-10-01

    We hypothesized that normal sinus rhythm-sinus bradycardia is common in young children following extracardiac Fontan. After excluding patients with sinus pauses, junctional rhythm, tachy-brady syndrome, frequent ectopics, or ectopic atrial rhythm, we found an ambulatory 24-h Holter monitor average heart rate of 78 ± 12 beats per minute (bpm) in 33 post-extracardiac Fontan children with a median age of 6 years (5-10). A 24-h average heart rate of 78 ± 12 bpm is statistically significantly lower than a 24-h average heart rate value of 90 ± 10 bpm derived from a similarly aged control population (p < 0.01). We conclude that after excluding those with significant arrhythmias, normal sinus rhythm-sinus bradycardia is common in children post-extracardiac Fontan.

  9. Immune Function Changes in Patients with Invasive Pulmonary Fungal Infections by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease%慢性阻塞性肺病合并肺部真菌感染免疫功能的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨青茹; 武焱旻; 张敬浩

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨慢性阻塞性肺病(慢阻肺)合并肺部真菌感染患者免疫功能的变化及其意义。方法对2010年1月至2012年12月在徐州市中心医院呼吸科(含呼吸ICU)住院患者中慢性阻塞性肺病(chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,COPD)合并肺部念珠菌感染患者53例及合并肺部曲霉菌感染患者25例作为研究对象,对其免疫功能进行检测,并与20名正常健康人群(健康对照组)进行对比分析。采用流式细胞仪检测周血T淋巴细胞亚群(CD3+CD4+、CD3+CD8+、CD4+/CD8+)的表达率,采用全自动蛋白分析仪检测患者血清IgM、IgG、IgA含量。结果念珠菌组和曲霉菌组的CD3+CD4+百分比及CD4+/CD8+均明显低于健康对照组(P<0.01),念珠菌组及曲霉菌组CD3+CD8+百分比高于健康对照组(P<0.05),念珠菌组的CD3+CD4+百分比及CD4+/CD8+均低于曲霉菌组(P<0.01),而CD3+CD8+百分比在曲霉菌组及念珠菌组之间无统计学差异。与健康对照组比较,念珠菌组和曲霉菌组的IgG明显低于健康对照组,(P<0.01),IgA均高于健康对照组,(P<0.05),念珠菌组的IgG高于曲霉菌组(P<0.01),而念珠菌组及曲霉菌组IgA比较及三组间IgM比较,无统计学差异。结论慢性阻塞性肺病合并肺部念珠菌及曲霉菌感染时,细胞免疫及体液免疫均受损,其中合并曲霉菌感染时的免疫受损状况较合并念珠菌感染时更重。%Objective To investigate the changes of immune function in patients with invasive pulmonary fungal infections by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods 78 patients with invasive pulmonary fungal infections by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were slected, in which ,53 patients were pulmonary candidiasis and 25 patients were pulmonary aspergillosis. The T lymphocyte subsets in peripheral whole blood samples were derected by flow cytometry. The levels of IgM,IgG, IgA were

  10. Sisters of the sinuses: cetacean air sacs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reidenberg, Joy S; Laitman, Jeffrey T

    2008-11-01

    This overview assesses some distinguishing features of the cetacean (whale, dolphin, porpoise) air sac system that may relate to the anatomy and function of the paranasal sinuses in terrestrial mammals. The cetacean respiratory tract has been modified through evolution to accommodate living in water. Lack of paranasal sinuses in modern cetaceans may be a diving adaptation. Bone-enclosed air chambers are detrimental, as their rigid walls may fracture during descent/ascent due to contracting/re-expanding air volumes. Flexible-walled "sinuses" (extracranial diverticula) are a logical adaptation to diving. Odontocetes (toothed whales) exhibit several pairs of paranasal air sacs. Although fossil evidence indicates that paranasal sinuses occur in archaeocetes (ancestors/relatives of living cetaceans), it is not known whether the paranasal sacs derive from these sinuses. Sac pigmentation indicates that they derived from invaginations of the integument. Unlike sinuses, paranasal sacs are not circumferentially enclosed in bone, and therefore can accommodate air volume changes that accompany diving pressure changes. Paired pterygoid sacs, located ventrally along the cetacean skull, connect the pharynx and middle ear cavities. Mysticetes (baleen whales) have a large midline laryngeal sac. Although cetacean air sacs do not appear to be homologous to paranasal sinuses, they may serve some analogous respiratory, vocal, or structural functions. For example, these sacs may participate in gas exchange, thermoregulation, resonance, and skeletal pneumatization. In addition, they may subserve unique aquatic functions, such as increasing inspiratory volume, mitigating pressure-induced volume change, air shunting to reduce respiratory dead space, and facilitating underwater sound production and transmission.

  11. Cholesterol Granuloma of the Frontal Sinus: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco, Manola; Ida, Casorelli; Francesco Luigi, Pietrafesa; Giampiero, Mottola; Domenico, Lacerenza; Giuseppe, Battiloro; Giuseppe, Patitucci; Giulia Anna Carmen, Vita

    2012-01-01

    Cholesterol granulomas are common in the mastoid antrum and air cells of the temporal bone. In the paranasal sinuses, especially in the frontal sinus, they have occasionally been mentioned in the literature. The pathogenesis is unknown, but the majority of the authors support the concept of airway obstruction in the cells well pneumatised of temporal bone and paranasal sinuses. The authors report a case of cholesterol granuloma of the frontal sinus treated with radical surgical techniques, and they also recommend an endoscopic approach to frontal sinus to restore or enlarge the nose-frontal canal and promote drainage and ventilation of the frontal sinus. PMID:23150840

  12. Cholesterol Granuloma of the Frontal Sinus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manola Marco

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cholesterol granulomas are common in the mastoid antrum and air cells of the temporal bone. In the paranasal sinuses, especially in the frontal sinus, they have occasionally been mentioned in the literature. The pathogenesis is unknown, but the majority of the authors support the concept of airway obstruction in the cells well pneumatised of temporal bone and paranasal sinuses. The authors report a case of cholesterol granuloma of the frontal sinus treated with radical surgical techniques, and they also recommend an endoscopic approach to frontal sinus to restore or enlarge the nose-frontal canal and promote drainage and ventilation of the frontal sinus.

  13. JGI Fungal Genomics Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grigoriev, Igor V.

    2011-03-14

    Genomes of energy and environment fungi are in focus of the Fungal Genomic Program at the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI). Its key project, the Genomics Encyclopedia of Fungi, targets fungi related to plant health (symbionts, pathogens, and biocontrol agents) and biorefinery processes (cellulose degradation, sugar fermentation, industrial hosts), and explores fungal diversity by means of genome sequencing and analysis. Over 50 fungal genomes have been sequenced by JGI to date and released through MycoCosm (www.jgi.doe.gov/fungi), a fungal web-portal, which integrates sequence and functional data with genome analysis tools for user community. Sequence analysis supported by functional genomics leads to developing parts list for complex systems ranging from ecosystems of biofuel crops to biorefineries. Recent examples of such 'parts' suggested by comparative genomics and functional analysis in these areas are presented here

  14. Risk factors for pulmonary fungal infection associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and clinical efficacy of itraconazole%COPD 合并肺真菌感染危险因素及伊曲康唑的临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纵单单; 诸兰艳; 陈平

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)合并肺真菌感染的危险因素,评价伊曲康唑治疗 COPD 合并肺真菌感染的疗效和安全性。方法回顾分析2007年9月1日—2012年5月31日某院呼吸内科诊断为肺真菌感染并接受伊曲康唑治疗的42例 COPD 患者临床资料,随机抽取同期住院53例 COPD 不伴肺真菌感染患者作为对照。结果42例COPD 合并肺真菌感染患者,经肺组织病理学检查确诊8例,临床诊断34例;急性病例6例,慢性病例36例;真菌检查阳性者共28例,其中检出白假丝酵母菌6例,曲霉菌13例,未分类真菌7例,混合感染2例。单因素分析结果显示,合并基础疾病、长期使用广谱抗菌药物、长期使用肾上腺糖皮质激素、低蛋白血症、侵入性操作、有创机械通气、糖尿病、侵入性真菌病感染史是 COPD 合并肺真菌感染的主要危险因素。伊曲康唑治疗后,患者临床症状改善率为66.67%,真菌清除率为60.71%,总有效率为64.29%;28例真菌检查阳性患者临床症状改善率、真菌清除率和综合疗效评价总有效率分别为71.43%(20例)、60.71%(17例)、67.86%(19例)。伊曲康唑治疗COPD 合并肺真菌的急、慢性感染患者,以及 COPD 白假丝酵母菌和曲霉菌感染患者均具有良好的治疗效果。药物不良反应发生率为23.81%,多数轻微可逆,未对治疗造成明显影响。结论伊曲康唑治疗 COPD 合并肺真菌感染疗效确切,安全性良好。%Objective To study the risk factors for pulmonary fungal infection associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),and evaluate the efficacy and safety of itraconazole for treatment of pulmonary fungal infection associated COPD.Methods A retrospective analysis were conducted on clinical data of 42 COPD patients who were confirmed pulmonary fungal infection in a respiratory disease department from

  15. [Pathogenesis of invasive fungal infections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Vidal, Carolina; Carratalà, Jordi

    2012-03-01

    Invasive fungal infections remain a life-threatening disease. The development of invasive fungal disease is dependent on multiple factors, such us colonization and efficient host immune response. We aimed to review the pathogenesis of invasive fungal infections, in particular, those caused by Candida and Aspergillus. For this we propose, to describe the fungal characteristics, to detail the host defence mechanisms against fungus and to analyse the host risk factors for invasive fungal infection.

  16. 功能性内镜鼻窦手术后不同鼻窦黏膜的转归规律%Regularity of nasal mucous transitionary course of different sinuses after functional endoscopic sinus surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左可军; 李华斌; 史剑波; 许庚

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者功能性内镜鼻窦手术后不同鼻窦黏膜转归的时间规律.方法 前瞻性收集77例慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者的临床资料,在实施功能性内镜鼻窦手术后的第2周、第1、2、3、6、9、12个月采用Lund-Kennedy内镜评分方法分别对每侧鼻腔每个鼻窦进行评估,比较不同时期不同鼻窦黏膜形态的评分数值和完成上皮化比例.结果 共计154个上颌窦、154个筛窦、138个额窦和129个蝶窦纳入内镜观察与评分分析.在术后第2周,蝶窦、筛窦、上颌窦和额窦黏膜形态评分分别为(3.5±1.5)、(3.6±1.4)、(3.7±1.5)、(3.8±1.5)分,差异无统计学意义(x2=1.674,P =0.643);在术后第2、3、6、9个月,4种鼻窦黏膜的转归过程呈现明显分离趋势,依次出现黏膜评分下降拐点和上皮化比例升高峰值;在术后第12个月,蝶窦、筛窦、上颌窦、额窦评分分别为(0.4±0.1)、(0.9±0.1)、(1.4±0.2)、(2.1±0.2)分,差异有统计学意义(x2=52.691,P=0.000);且蝶窦黏膜形态评分(Z=-3.417,P =0.001)和完成上皮化的比例(x2=4.313,P=0.038)明显优于筛窦,筛窦黏膜形态评分(Z=-2.218,P=0.027)和完成上皮化比例(x2=4.292,P=0.038)明显优于上颌窦,上颌窦黏膜形态评分(Z=-2.244,P =0.025)和完成上皮化比例(x2=4.100,P =0.043)明显优于额窦.结论 功能性内镜鼻窦手术后不同鼻窦的黏膜转归存在明显时间差异,上皮化进程的先后顺序依次是蝶窦、筛窦、上颌窦和额窦.%Objectives To explore the time regularity of nasal mucous transitionary course of different sinuses after functional endoscopic sinus surgery.Methods Seventy-seven chronic rhinosinusitis patients following functional endoscopic sinus surgery were prospectively collected. The endoscopic appearances of different sinuses were respectively evaluated with Lund-Kennedy scoring system in 2 weeks,1,2,3,6,9 months,and 12 months postoperatively. Then the endoscopic scores and

  17. Primary headache syndromes and sinus headache: An approach to diagnosis and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cashman, Emma Catherine; Smyth, David

    2012-06-01

    Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and primary headache syndromes are common disease entities and headache and facial pain are common reasons for referral to otolaryngology units. Because of an association of nasal symptoms with primary headache syndromes and considerable similarities in their clinical presentations, primary headache syndromes may be misdiagnosed as sinus disease and vice versa. In this review we examine the evidence on which otolaryngologists can base clinical diagnosis and management and offer an approach to distinguishing these common clinical entities.

  18. HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF LYMPH NODE SINUS CONTAINING BLOOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Tong; JI Xiao-long

    2001-01-01

    This study is to find out the histopathological characteristics of lymph node sinus containing blood. Routine autopsy was carried out in the randomly selected 102 patients(among them,100 patients died of various diseases, and 2 of non-diseased causes),their superficial lymph nodes locating in the bilateral neck, axilla, inguina, thorax and abdomen were sampled. Haematoxylin-eosin staining was performed on 10% formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded lymph node tissue sections(5μm).The histological characteristics of the lymph node sinuses containing blood were observed under light microscope. Among the 1362 lymph nodes sampled from the 100 autopsies, lymph sinuses containing blood were found in 809 lymph nodes sampled from 91 cases, but couldn't be seen in the lymph nodes sampled from the non-diseased cases. According to histology, five kinds of lymph sinuses containing blood were found:vascular-opening sinus, blood-deficient sinus, erythrophago-sinus, blood-abundant sinus, and vascular-formative sinus. It is concluded that in the state of disease, the phenomenon of blood in the lymph sinus is not uncommon. Blood could possibly enter into lymph sinus through lymphatic-venous communications between the veins and sinuses in the node. Lymph circulation and blood circulation could communicate with each other in the lymph sinus.

  19. Actinomyces and Nocardia infections in chronic granulomatous disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahindokht Bassiri-Jahromi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective : Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD is an inherited disorder of the Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced oxidase complex characterized by recurrent bacterial and fungal infections. Disseminated infection by combination of opportunistic agents is being increasingly reported in CGD patients. We presented in the retrospective review of medical records, the etiology, presentation, clinical characteristics the infections detected, predisposing condition and outcome of nocardiosis and actinomycosis involved in a group of pediatric patients diagnosed with CGD. Materials and Methods: The clinical presentation of CGD-related infections was reviewed retrospectively from the medical records of all 12 patients with CGD. We studied respectively 12 patients between 2001 and 2008, and we analyzed two pediatric patients with CGD who acquired Nocardia and Actinomyces infections, and their clinical and microbiological characteristics were described. The material for investigations was collected from scrapings, crusts, pus from subcutaneous abscesses or exudation from sinus tracts, surgical debridement, and biopsy specimens. The microbiological diagnosis was determined by biochemical tests, histology, microscopy, and culture of clinical samples. Results: The medical records of 12 diagnosed CGD patients with suspected nocardiosis or actinomycosis were reviewed. One patient was diagnosed with actinomycosis and one patient with nocardiosis. Patients consisted of seven males and five females with ranging ages of 3 to 18 years. Nocardiosis and actinomycosis isolated in the two patients were confirmed by histology and culture methods. Neutrophil oxidative burst were absent (NBT=0 in both patients. The most common manifestations of CGD due to fungal infections, actinomycosis, and nocardiosis were osteomyelitis (42.8%, pulmonary infections (28.6%, lymphadenopathy (14.3%, and skin involvement (14.3% during their illness. Conclusion: Nocardiosis

  20. An atypical presentation of sinus mucopyocele in a pediatric cystic fibrosis patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horesh E

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Elan Horesh, Andrew A Colin, Roy Casiano, Sara T WesterBascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USAAbstract: This case report details an association of chronic allergic conjunctivitis and respiratory tract colonization in a cystic fibrosis (CF patient due to an ethmoidal mucocele infected with Escherichia coli. A 3-year-old CF patient presented for evaluation with complaints of chronic periocular erythema, conjunctival injection, and irritation for 2 years. He was treated for presumed allergic conjunctivitis with no improvement and continued to have overall worsening of symptoms on the right greater than the left eye in a waxing and waning pattern. On presentation to the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, he was noted to have telecanthus and prominent erythema in the region of the medial canthus. Orbital imaging disclosed a mucocele in the right ethmoid sinus. The patient underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery, with successful marsupialization of the ethmoidal mucocele, which was found on culture to be infected with E. coli. Post-operatively with continuous pulmonary care, the patient remains free of allergic conjunctivitis and E. coli colonization of the upper airway. This case highlights the importance of analyzing the adjacent sinus in patients with chronic, relapsing allergic conjunctivitis refractory to medical management, particularly in patients with underlying systemic diseases such as CF.Keywords: allergic conjuncitivitis, Escherichia Coli, cystic fibrosis, mucocele

  1. Detection of bacterial biofilms in different types of chronic otitis media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Xingzhi; Keyoumu, Youlidusi; Long, Li; Zhang, Hua

    2014-11-01

    Biofilms are organized bacterial communities that may be homogeneous or heterogeneous. They play a significant role in the pathogenesis of chronic nasal sinusitis, chronic tonsillitis, cholesteatomas, and device-related infections. Despite this, few studies have been done that examine the presence of bacterial biofilms in tissues from patients with different types of COM or middle ear cholesteatomas. In the current study, we examined the presence of biofilms in surgical tissue specimens from humans with chronic ear infections using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We hypothesize that bacterial biofilms present differently in patients with different types of chronic otitis media. Our results provide new insights regarding treatment of chronic otitis media. A prospective study was conducted in which middle ear tissues were obtained from 38 patients who underwent tympanoplasty and/or tympanomastoid surgery due to chronic ear infections. A total of 50 middle and mastoid tissue samples were processed for SEM analysis. In addition, 38 middle ear secretion specimens were obtained for routine bacterial culture analysis. Bacterial biofilms were present in 85 % (11 of 13) of patients with middle ear cholesteatoma, 92 % (12/13) of patients with chronic otitis suppurative media (CSOM), and 16 % of patients (2/12) with tympanic membrane perforation (TMP). Fungal biofilms were found in two cases of cholesteatoma. The positive coincidence rate between bacterial biofilms visualized by SEM and bacteria detected by culture was 82 %. Our findings suggest that bacterial biofilms are very common in CSOM and middle ear cholesteatomas. Positive bacterial cultures imply the presence of biofilm formation in CSOM and cholesteatomas. As such, our results provide new insights regarding treatment of chronic otitis media.

  2. Severe bleeding after sinus floor elevation using the transcrestal technique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Simon Storgard; Eriksen, Jacob; Schiodt, Morten

    2012-01-01

    To present a rare but clinically significant complication to sinus floor elevation (SFE) using the transcrestal technique.......To present a rare but clinically significant complication to sinus floor elevation (SFE) using the transcrestal technique....

  3. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension and transverse sinus stenoses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skyrman, Simon; Fytagoridis, Anders; Andresen, Morten

    2013-01-01

    An 18-year-old woman was diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and bilateral transverse sinus stenoses (TSS), after presenting with papilledema and decreased visual acuity. Lumbar puncture revealed an opening pressure of >60 cm H2O. MRI showed bilateral TSS believed to be asso......An 18-year-old woman was diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and bilateral transverse sinus stenoses (TSS), after presenting with papilledema and decreased visual acuity. Lumbar puncture revealed an opening pressure of >60 cm H2O. MRI showed bilateral TSS believed...... to be associated with the IIH. Initial treatment consisted of symptom relief by a temporary lumbar drain for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion, while the pros and cons of a more permanent solution by insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) or bilateral transverse sinus stent was discussed. A VPS...

  4. [Neuro-ophthalmological complications of sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatuene, Joseph Kamtchum; Pollak, Pierre

    2013-10-01

    Sinusitis is a frequent and very often under-diagnosed condition. Despite the constantly increasing number of antibiotics with improved efficacy, prevention of its complications remains difficult. The prevalence of these complications is estimated at 3.7%. Their clinical presentation is highly variable making the diagnosis difficult and thereby increasing mortality. In this article, historical, epidemiological, pathophysiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of neuro-ophthalmological complications of sinusitis are reviewed. For didactic reasons, the various complications have been divided into extra-axial, intra-axial, vascular, and orbital. Specific paragraph have been devoted to sinusitis-related bone complications and pain syndromes. It's however obvious that various more or less complex associations of these complications can be seen in daily practice.

  5. A Rare Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy: Carotid Sinus Hypersensitivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Kaya

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Carotid sinus hypersensitivity is a common cause of fainting and falls in the elderly, and can be diagnosed by carotid sinus massage. We present a 67-year-old diabetic man who was admitted with hyperglycemia. During thyroid examination, clouding of consciousness occurred with unilateral palpation. Asystole was documented for 4.8 seconds and suspected for 7 seconds upon carotid sinus massage. A cardioverter defibrillator was implanted. Carotid sinus hypersensitivity should be kept in mind when examining diabetic patients.

  6. Genetic aspects of sick sinus syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Chernova A.A.; Nikulina S.Yu.; Tret’yakova S.S.; Voyevoda M.I.; Maksimov V.N.; Chernov V.N.

    2013-01-01

    Aim. To study the association between polymorphic allelic variants of the alpha-2В-adrenoreceptor gene (ADRA2B), endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS3), connexin protein gene 40 (Cx40), cardiac myosin heavy chain gene (MYH6), and voltage-gated sodium channels gene (SCN5A) and development of the idiopathic sick sinus syndrome. Methods. 14 probands with primary symptoms of sick sinus syndrome and their 110 relatives of the I–III degree kinship were examined. At the Berzon City Clinical H...

  7. Pilonidal sinus (Nadi vrana): A case study

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Pilonidal sinus (PNS) occurs in the cleavage between the buttocks (natal cleft) and can cause discomfort, embarrassment and absence from work for thousands of young people (mostly men) annually. The incidence of the disease is calculated to be 26 per 100,000 people. It occurs 2.2 times more often in men than in women. Age at presentation is 21 years for men and 19 years for women this case report describes a 22-year-old man with pilonidal sinus who was treated with ksharasutra.

  8. Pilonidal sinus (Nadi vrana): A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinde, Pradeep; Toshikhane, Hemant

    2010-07-01

    Pilonidal sinus (PNS) occurs in the cleavage between the buttocks (natal cleft) and can cause discomfort, embarrassment and absence from work for thousands of young people (mostly men) annually. The incidence of the disease is calculated to be 26 per 100,000 people. It occurs 2.2 times more often in men than in women. Age at presentation is 21 years for men and 19 years for women this case report describes a 22-year-old man with pilonidal sinus who was treated with ksharasutra.

  9. Thoracic sinuses in HIV a diagnostic dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pai V

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A male aged 57 years with multiple discharging sinuses on both sides of chest, multiple ulcers on the back, painful ankylosis of right shoulder since 2 months. Chest examination showed reduced expansion and decreased breath sounds on right side. Large boggy swelling on right hemithorax with multiple discharging sinuses was seen. VDRL was reactive in high dilutions and he was also ELISA - HIV positive. X-ray of chest showed few opacities in right lung field. A provisional diagnosis of Gumma - Syphilis/Tuberculous was considered. Sensorineural deafness was also present.

  10. Thoracic sinuses in HIV a diagnostic dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pai V

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available A male aged 57 years with multiple discharging sinuses on both sides of chest, multiple ulcers on the back, painful ankylosis of right shoulder since 2 months. Chest examination showed reduced expansion and decreased breath sounds on right side. Large boggy swelling on right hemithorax with multiple discharging sinuses was seen. VDRL was reactive in high dilutions and he was also ELISA - HIV positive. X-ray of chest showed few opacities in right lung field. A provisional diagnosis of Gumma - Syphilis/Tuberculous was considered. Sensorineural deafness was also present.

  11. [Anorexia with sinus bradycardia: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fang-fang; Xu, Ling; Chen, Bao-xia; Cui, Ming; Zhang, Yuan

    2016-02-18

    As anorexia patients always go to the psychiatric clinic, little is concerned about the occurrence of sinus bradycardia in these patients for cardiologists and psychiatrists. The aim of this paper is to discuss the relationship between anorexia and sinus bradycardia, and the feature analysis, differential diagnosis and therapeutic principles of this type of sinus bradycardia. We report a case of sinus bradycardia in an anorexia patient with the clinical manifestations, laboratory exams, auxiliary exams, therapeutic methods, and her prognosis, who was admitted to Peking University Third Hospital recently. The patient was a 19-year-old female, who had the manifestation of anorexia. She lost obvious weight in a short time (about 15 kg in 6 months), and her body mass index was 14.8 kg/m(2). The patient felt apparent palpitation, chest depression and short breath, without dizziness, amaurosis or unconsciousness. Vitals on presentation were notable for hypotension, and bradycardia. The initial exam was significant for emaciation, but without lethargy or lower extremity edema. The electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia with her heart rate being 32 beats per minute. The laboratory work -up revealed her normal blood routine, electrolytes and liver function. But in her thyroid function test, the free thyroid (FT) hormones 3 was 0.91 ng/L (2.3-4.2 ng/L),and FT4 was 8.2 ng/L (8.9-18.0 ng/L), which were all lower; yet the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was normal 1.48 IU/mL (0.55-4.78 IU/mL). Ultrasound revealed her normal thyroid. Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight, fear of gaining weight or distorted perception of body image, and amenorrhea. Anorexia patients who lose weight apparently in short time enhance the excitability of the parasympathetic nerve, and inhibit the sympathetic nerve which lead to the appearance of sinus bradycardia, and functional abnormalities of multiple systems such as hypothyroidism. But this kind of sinus

  12. Current concepts of anatomy and electrophysiology of the sinus node.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Cliona; Lazzara, Ralph

    2016-06-01

    The sinoatrial node, or sinus node, of humans is the principal pacemaker of the heart. Over the last century, studies have unraveled the complex molecular architecture of the sinus node and the expression of unique ion channels within its specialized myocytes. Aim of this review is to describe the embriology, the anatomy, the histology and the electrophisiology of the sinus node.

  13. Sinusitis associated with nasogastric intubation in 3 horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieto, Jorge E; Yamout, Sawsan; Dechant, Julie E

    2014-06-01

    Sinusitis has not been reported as a complication of long-term nasogastric intubation in horses. We describe 3 horses that developed nosocomial sinusitis following abdominal surgery with associated perioperative nasogastric intubation. Sinusitis was suspected by the presence of malodorous discharge and confirmed by percussion, upper airway endoscopy, radiographs (n = 3), and bacterial culture (n = 1).

  14. [Age associated clinical features of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iordanishvili, A K; Nikitenko, V V; Balin, D V

    2013-01-01

    Detailed analysis of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis clinical course allowed identifying clinical features of the disease specific for elderly and senile patients. The paper describes the peculiarities of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in elderly and senile patients including those having oroantral sinus tract.

  15. [Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in elderly and old age].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikitenko, V V; Iordanishvili, A K; Ryzhak, G A

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of a detailed analysis of the clinical picture of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis the peculiarities of its flow in elderly and senile patients are demonstrated. The causes of odontogenic inflammation of the maxillary sinuses, the clinical features of inflammation of the maxillary sinus in older age groups, including those with oroantral communication are shown.

  16. Is there a relationship between sinusitis and psychological disorders?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehri, Mohammad Reza; Feyzabadi, Zohre

    2016-12-01

    Chronic rhinosinusitis refers to inflammation of the nasal and sinuses mucosa and the main criteria for diagnosis of this disease related to the nasal cavity or the facial area. According to several reports based on the relationship of this disease with mental disorders, psychological issues are missing in the criteria of chronic rhinosinusitis diagnosis. In this study the etiology and clinical symptoms of the disease were studied by searching scientific databases and authentic Iranian Medicine books such as Avicenna's book The Canon of Medicine (Al-Qanun fi't-Tibb) that now taught in medicine schools of the Traditional East Asian; the results of this study showed that rhinosinusitis accompaniment with psychological symptoms are listed in abundance not only in old books but also in scientific literature before 1928 but after the discovery of antibiotics and extreme attention in the context of physiopathological assignment of diseases to pathogens, this relationship has been weakened. Given the positive results of recent studies on rhinosinusitis accompaniment with psychological disorders it is suggested that more studies are needed to explore the relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis and psychological diseases and, if necessary, to be included in the diagnostic criteria as a diagnostic standard.

  17. 兔慢性上颌窦炎窦口鼻道复合体不同处理方式对窦黏膜纤毛形态与功能转归影响的观察%Effects of different treating ways to the ostiomeatal complex on changes in ciliary morphology and function of sinuous mucosa in rabbits with experimental chronic sinusitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林彬; 王挥戈

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察功能性鼻内镜术后鼻窦黏膜纤毛形态与功能的转归状况,为术中及术后处理策略提供实验依据.方法 新西兰大白兔36只,建立慢性上颌窦炎模型.然后,按术中及术后处理方式的不同分成4组,即窦口开放组12只,窦口扩大组12只,手术对照组6只,空白对照组6只.术后12周处死动物,纤毛传输速率检测,并在相差显微镜下观测纤毛活性,获取标本进行细菌培养及窦腔黏膜纤毛形态学观察.结果 上颌窦分泌物细菌培养结果,窦口开放组阳性率100%(12/12),显著高于窦口扩大组的42%(5/12);窦口开放组纤毛传输速率平均2.2mm/min(0~6.2mm/min),窦口扩大组为5.2mm/min(2.1~10.1mm/min).结论 功能性鼻内镜术后,上颌窦腔黏膜纤毛活性和清除功能转归与黏膜组织结构基本同步.手术的关键应是解决窦口的持续通畅引流,有限度的窦口扩大术式明显优于单纯的窦口开放.%Objective To investigate the effects of different treating ways during the period of functional endoscopic sinuous surgery (FESS) to ostiomeatal complex (OMC) on the recovery of ciliary morphology and function in sinuous mucosa in rabbits with experimental maxillary sinusitis in order to offer experimental evidences for the treatment of this type of sinuous lesion during and after the procedure of FESS. Method Thirty-six New Zealand white rabbits were taken to prepare the model of chronic maxillary sinusitis at first. Then, they were divided into 4 groups on the basis of treating way to COM, i.e. 12 animals with their ostium opened (OO), 12 with their ostium enlarged (OE),6 as sham-operation control group (SCG), and 6 as blank control group (BCG). By the 12th week following the surgery, all these animals were put into death to assay their mucociliary transporting rate (MTR) and ciliary beat rate observed under contrast phase microscope and to obtain samples for bacteria culture and cilia morphological observation

  18. 特异性免疫治疗对慢性鼻窦炎伴变应性鼻炎患者鼻内镜手术效果的影响%Effect of specific immunotherapy on outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis with allergic rhinitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金湘; 赵青; 周宁霞

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨特异性免疫治疗对慢性鼻窦炎(CRS)伴变应性鼻炎患者功能性内镜鼻窦手术(FESS)效果的影响.方法 将确诊为CRS伴常年性变应性鼻炎的57例患者按照尘螨过敏与否分成两组,尘螨过敏者为治疗Ⅰ组,FESS术后采用皮下免疫治疗;非尘螨过敏者为治疗Ⅱ组,单纯行FESS.分别对两组患者术前、术后6个月、术后1年的症状及体征进行评分并对比,采用鼻腔鼻窦结局测试-20 (SNOT-20)量表及Lund-Kennedy鼻内镜评分法.结果 两组患者术后6个月和1年的SNOT-20及Lund-Kennedy评分较术前均有明显改善(P<0.01),治疗Ⅰ组患者的疗效优于治疗Ⅱ组且组间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 特异性免疫治疗可改善CRS伴变应性鼻炎患者的手术效果.%Objective To investigate the effect of specific immunotherapy on outcomes after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with allergic rhinitis. Method Fifty-seven CRS patients accompanied with perennial allergic rhinitis were divided into two groups according to the results of allergen skin prick test. Those who were allergic to dust mites, the treatment group I, were treated with subcutaneous immunotherapy after FESS, others were treatment group II and treated with FESS merely. Before and 6, 12 months after FESS, the nasal symptoms and signs of all patients were evaluated by sino-nasal outcome test-20 (SNOT-20) and Lund-Kennedy endoscopic scores, and compared with each other. Results Compared to the scores before FESS, the SNOT-20 and Lund-Kennedy scores of two groups are significantly improved in 6 months and one year after FESS (P<0.01). Significantly better curative effects were obtained in the treatment group I when compared with the treatment group Ⅱ (F<0.05). Conclusion Specific immunotherapy may improve the surgical outcomes in CRS patients with allergic rhinitis.

  19. Compression of the posterior fossa venous sinuses by epidural hemorrhage simulating venous sinus thrombosis: CT and MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Sumit; Ramakrishnaiah, Raghu H.; Hegde, Shilpa V.; Glasier, Charles M. [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Pediatric Radiology, Little Rock, AR (United States)

    2016-01-15

    Posterior fossa dural venous sinus thrombus is a well-described complication of head trauma, especially when fracture crosses the dural sinus grooves or in association with epidural hemorrhage. We have found that post-traumatic posterior fossa epidural hematoma compressing a dural venous sinus can mimic dural venous thrombus. To discuss the CT and MRI findings of posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages simulating sinus thrombosis, to make radiologists aware of this important imaging pitfall. We describe radiologic findings in four children in whom a posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage mimicked dural venous sinus thrombus. Routine CT head and CT venography were obtained on Toshiba volume and helical CT scanners. MRI and MR venography were performed on a Philips scanner. In all cases there was medial displacement and compression of the posterior fossa dural venous sinuses without intraluminal thrombosis. The epidural hemorrhage was seen tracking along sinus grooves in the occipital bone, peeling the dura containing the sinuses from the calvarium and compressing the sinus, simulating thrombosis on axial CT views. Both venous sinus thrombosis and posterior fossa epidural hemorrhages in children are well-described complications of head trauma. Posterior fossa epidural hemorrhage can mimic a sinus thrombus by compressing and displacing the sinuses. It is important to recognize this pitfall because treatment of a suspected thrombus with anticoagulation can worsen epidural hemorrhage. (orig.)

  20. The incidence of maxillary sinus membrane perforation during endoscopically assessed crestal sinus floor elevation: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garbacea, Antoanela; Lozada, Jaime L; Church, Christopher A; Al-Ardah, Aladdin J; Seiberling, Kristin A; Naylor, W Patrick; Chen, Jung-Wei

    2012-08-01

    Transcrestal sinus membrane elevation is a surgical procedure performed to increase the bone volume in the maxillary sinus cavity. Because of visual limitations, the potential for maxillary sinus membrane perforations may be greater than with the lateral approach technique. The aim of this study was to macroscopically investigate ex vivo the occurrence of sinus membrane perforation during surgery using 3 transcrestal sinus floor elevation methods. Twenty fresh human cadaver heads, with 40 intact sinuses, were used for simultaneous sinus membrane elevation, placement of graft material, and dental implants. Real-time sinus endoscopy, periapical digital radiographs, and cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) images were subsequently used to evaluate the outcome of each surgical procedure. Perforation rates for each of the 3 techniques were then compared using a significance level of P sinus endoscope noted a higher frequency of perforations at the time of implant placement as compared with instrumentation or graft insertion, the difference was not statistically significant (P = .04). The CBCT readings were judged to be more accurate for identifying evidence of sinus perforations than the periapical radiographs when compared with the direct visualization with the endoscope. This pilot study demonstrated that a sinus membrane perforation can occur at any time during the sinus lift procedure, independent of the surgical method used.

  1. [Congenital left sinus of Valsalva aneurysm].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simões, M V; Figueira, R R; Barbato, D; Miziara, H L

    1991-01-01

    Two cases of left sinus of Valsalva congenital aneurysm (SVCA), incidentally found are described. The authors call attention on rarity of them, and present new concepts about their morphogenesis and incidence. They also suggested a higher incidence of asymptomatic and undiagnosed cases of SVCA should be considered.

  2. Acute otitis media and acute bacterial sinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wald, Ellen R

    2011-05-01

    Acute otitis media and acute bacterial sinusitis are 2 of the most common indications for antimicrobial agents in children. Together, they are responsible for billions of dollars of health care expenditures. The pathogenesis of the 2 conditions is identical. In the majority of children with each condition, a preceding viral upper respiratory tract infection predisposes to the development of the acute bacterial complication. It has been shown that viral upper respiratory tract infection predisposes to the development of acute otitis media in 37% of cases. Currently, precise microbiologic diagnosis of acute otitis media and acute bacterial sinusitis requires performance of tympanocentesis in the former and sinus aspiration in the latter. The identification of a virus from the nasopharynx in either case does not obviate the need for antimicrobial therapy. Furthermore, nasal and nasopharyngeal swabs are not useful in predicting the results of culture of the middle ear or paranasal sinus. However, it is possible that a combination of information regarding nasopharyngeal colonization with bacteria and infection with specific viruses may inform treatment decisions in the future.

  3. Sinusitis from Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Tap Water

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-12-21

    Dr. Wellington S. Tichenor. Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine at New York Medical College and in private practice in Manhattan, New York, discusses his investigation of sinusitis from nontuberculous mycobacteria in tap water.  Created: 12/21/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 12/31/2012.

  4. Osteoma of the skull base and sinuses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Georgalas; J. Goudakos; W.J. Fokkens

    2011-01-01

    Osteomata of the frontal and ethmoid sinuses have traditionally been surgically removed via external approaches. However, endoscopic techniques have increasingly been used for the surgical management of selected cases. Advances in visualization and instrumentation, as well as the excellent access pr

  5. [Sinus-node recovery time in the sick-sinus syndrome (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delius, W; Wirtzfeld, A; Sebening, H; Blömer, H

    1975-11-01

    Sinus-node recovery times were measured, before and after atropine administration, in 21 patients with the clinical diagnosis of sick-sinus syndrome. The results were compared with those reported by other workers. It is concluded that sinus-node recovery times of more than 1 400 ms are most likely due to sinus-node damage (sick-sinus syndrome); normal recovery times are rare in such patients. The diagnosis of the syndrome is strengthened if the recovery time remains abnormally long even after atropine. Further useful diagnostic information can be obtained from the total stimulation phase (duration until restoration of the basic rhythm), this being overall longer in patients with the syndrome than in normal subjects. The increased incidence of A-V nodal rhythms before restoration of the basic rhythm is another indication of organic damage to the sinus node, especially if it also occurs after atropine. The significance of a recovery time which is prolonged before but normal after atropine is less clear: a raised sensitivity to vagotonic influences may be the determining factor here.

  6. Sinus node function after autonomic blockade in normals and in sick sinus syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sethi, K K; Jaishankar, S; Balachander, J; Bahl, V K; Gupta, M P

    1984-06-01

    Electrophysiologic studies were performed in 10 normals and 33 patients with sick sinus syndrome before and after total autonomic blockade with propranolol and atropine. In normals both corrected sinus node recovery time (SNRT) and sinoatrial conduction time (SACT) decreased significantly after autonomic blockade. In patients with sick sinus syndrome the corrected SNRT was abnormal (greater than 450 msec) in 16 (48.5%) cases before and 25 (76%) cases (greater than 285 msec) after autonomic ablation (P less than 0.02). Thirteen of 21 patients (62%) with normal intrinsic heart rate and all 12 cases with abnormally low intrinsic rate after autonomic blockade had abnormal corrected SNRT (greater than 285 msec). Mean SACT measured in 19 patients also shortened significantly following pharmacologic denervation. During control it was prolonged (greater than 226 msec) in 8 patients (44%). After autonomic blockade 2 of 13 patients with normal intrinsic heart rate and 3 of 6 with low intrinsic rate showed abnormal SACT (greater than 151 msec). The data suggest that the majority (76%) of patients with sick sinus syndrome have intrinsic abnormality of sinus node automaticity while in a minority (24%) disturbed autonomic regulation is the pathogenetic mechanism. Patients with normal intrinsic heart rate usually have normal intrinsic SACT, while a significant proportion of those with low intrinsic rate have abnormal perinodal conduction. Subjects with abnormal intrinsic heart rate have more severe disturbances of sinus node function than those with normal intrinsic rate.

  7. Intracranial Complication of Rhinosinusitis from Actinomycosis of the Paranasal Sinuses: A Rare Case of Abducens Nerve Palsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. L. Fadda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sinonasal actinomycosis should be suspected when a patient with chronic sinusitis does not respond to medical therapy or has a history of facial trauma, dental disease, cancer, immunodeficiency, long-term steroid therapy, diabetes, or malnutrition. Radiological evaluation with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are important in differential diagnosis, evaluating the extent of disease, and understanding clinical symptoms. Endoscopic sinus surgery associated with long-term intravenous antibiotic therapy is the gold standard for treatment of sinonasal actinomycosis. We report an unusual case of abducens nerve palsy resulting from invasive sinonasal actinomycosis in a patient with an abnormally enlarged sphenoid sinus. A review of the current literature highlighting clinical presentation, radiological findings, and treatment of this uncommon complication is also presented.

  8. Sinus surgery postpones chronic Gram-negative lung infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alanin, M C; Aanaes, K; Høiby, N

    2016-01-01

    of pulmonary samples positive for GNB. We investigated whether the effect is sustained. METHODOLOGY: We report the effect of ESS and adjuvant therapy three years postoperatively in a CF cohort participating in this prospective clinical follow-up study. The primary endpoint was the lung infection status defined...

  9. Fungal Wound Infection

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-01-28

    Dr. David Tribble, acting director of the infectious disease clinical research program at Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, discusses fungal wound infections after combat trauma.  Created: 1/28/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 1/28/2016.

  10. Myxoid Type of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Report

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    Amir Hossein Jafarian

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Myxofibrosarcoma was originally described as the myxoid variant of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH, a high-grade and aggressive sarcoma, which is very uncommon in the head and neck region, with about 100 cases reported up to now. MFH occurring in the maxillary sinus is so rare that only 23 cases have been reported. We hereby report a case of myxofibrosarcoma in the maxillary sinus. Case Report: The case was a 54-year-old male with symptoms of toothache in the right posterior maxillary teeth, a swelling adjacent to maxillary molar region and symptoms of chronic maxillary sinusitis. In clinical examination, the teeth were sensitive to percussion and palpation, but no caries and restoration was detected on his molar teeth. He was suffering from local pain and tenderness over his midface and mild fever, fatigue and some nonspecific vague pain. CT scan showed a mass lesion involving right nasal cavity, maxillary and ethmoidal sinuses. A low-grade malignancy arising from the right maxillary sinus was highly suspected. A surgery was done to remove the mass. The histological and immunohistochemical studies proved the diagnosis of myxoid variant of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma. Therefore radiotherapy and chemotherapy was started for the patient but six months later the symptoms returned and CT scan showed a right maxillary and ethmoidal mass that extended to base of the skull. Maxillectomy and ethmoidectomy were performed for the patient, but 2 months later he died because of the extension of the tumor, which confirmed the necessity of early diagnosis. Conclusion: Amplified radical surgery is the first choice of treatment. The second surgery has special value to the recurrent patients. Radiotherapy alone or chemotherapy alone is not effective to MFH of head and neck region

  11. Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhu, Sanjay P; Padwa, Bonnie L; Robson, Caroline D; Rahbar, Reza

    2009-10-01

    We report an unusual case of a displaced maxillary molar and associated dentigerous cyst within the maxillary sinus in an adolescent presenting as recurrent sinusitis. Although a rare cause of sinusitis in children, dentigerous cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis for causes of persistent or recurrent sinusitis in this age group. This report provides further evidence for obtaining imaging studies when managing pediatric sinusitis that does not respond to standard antibiotic therapy. We discuss management options for these lesions including the differential diagnoses and need for follow-up.

  12. Usefulness of computed tomography and magnetic resonance in fulminant invasive fungal rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howells, R C; Ramadan, H H

    2001-01-01

    Fulminant invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is an aggressive, destructive process most commonly affecting the immunocompromised host. Although frequently fatal, prognosis is related directly to early recognition and aggressive treatment. Various reports advocate computed tomography (CT) scanning as the study of choice in evalucating suspected invasive fungal disease, reserving magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for select cases. Others report lack of correlation between CT and surgical or pathological findings. Our aim wasq to investigate the usefulness of CT and MR in the diagnosis of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. We retrospectively reviewed four cases of biopsy-proven invasive disease. Correlations between radiographic, endoscopic, and surgical findings were investigated. Rhizopus species were detected in three cases and mixed Mucor and Aspergillus species in another. Superimposed bacterial sinusitis was confirmed in all cases. CT findings were nonspecific, revealing pansinusitis; no bone destruction or intracranial extension was noted. Mild orbital cellulitis was noted in one case. Anterior rhinoscopy revealed nonviable tissue in two patients. Nasal endoscopy later confirmed tissue ischemia in a third patient, whereas a final patient had normal findings on both exams. Nonspecific findings resulted in delay of diagnosis by 48-72 hours in two patients with presumed bacterial sinusitis. MR revealed intracranial extension in two patients and better represented intraoperative findings. In conclusion, CT findings in invasive fungal rhinosinusitis may be nonspecific and underestimate extent of disease. A high index of suspicion and early endoscopic examination with biopsy are mandatory for evaluation. MRI may better represent disease progression and should be considered early.

  13. Fine needle aspiration cytology: a useful technique for diagnosis of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhal, Niti; Raghubanshi, Gunjan; Handa, Uma; Punia, R P S; Singhal, Surinder

    2013-09-01

    Mycotic infections are on the rise globally. Patients with invasive fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses often present with destructive mass lesions and mimic malignancy clinically and radiologically. To assess the utility of Fine needle aspiration cytology for early diagnosis of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. Fine needle aspiration cytology was performed from the maxillary/ethmoid sinus in patients with a destructive mass lesion in the maxilla. Differential diagnoses were malignancy and fungal rhinosinusitis. In eight cases fungi were detected on initial examination whereas in a single case that was initially reported as giant cell lesion, hyphae could be identified within giant cells, on review. Smears showed inflammatory cells with variable numbers of eosinophils with neutrophils and histiocytes. Foreign body giant cells were seen in all cases. The fungi conformed to morphology of aspergillus in seven cases (77.78%); in two cases (22.22%), typing could not be done. Periodic acid Schiff and Grocott stains highlighted the fungi in all the cases. Fine needle aspiration is a simple technique that can be useful for diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis and to exclude malignancy. Search for fungus may be more aggressive in smears with many foreign body giant cells and inflammatory cells and in cases with a high clinical suspicion. Differentiation between aspergillus and mucor can be made with help of special stains. Aspergillus is the commonest agent isolated. Preoperative cytological diagnosis obviates the need for biopsy, saves time and helps to plan proper treatment.

  14. Postextrasystolic sinoatrial exit block in human sick sinus syndrome: demonstration by direct recording of sinus node electrograms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asseman, P; Berzin, B; Desry, D; Bauchart, J J; Reade, R; Leroy, O; Poncelet, P; Lekieffre, J; Thery, C

    1991-12-01

    Ten patients with sick sinus syndrome having repetitive sinus node electrograms during long postpacing pauses were studied during programmed atrial stimulation. Sinus node activity was recorded using a percutaneous catheter electrode. A sinus node electrogram was recorded before the return atrial beat in seven patients; it was similar to the sinus node electrogram observed during postpacing pauses and is clearly identified because sinoatrial conduction time was markedly prolonged following the atrial extra beat. Complete sinoatrial exit block occurred in four patients. (1) Sinus node electrograms were thus validated both during postpacing pauses and during programmed atrial stimulation in most patients with sick sinus syndrome. (2) Sinoatrial conduction time was markedly prolonged after one extrasystole, accounting for supracompensatory atrial return cycles. (3) If it were cumulative following multiple extrasystoles, this effect could constitute the electrophysiologic link between an abnormal response during programmed atrial stimulation and the complete sinoatrial block recorded during the pauses that follow rapid atrial pacing.

  15. Interdisciplinary Approach to a Tooth with Open Apex and Persistent Sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anoop N. Das

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic injuries in childhood may disrupt root development leading to a tooth with open apex. Apexification procedures in such cases aim at root end closure after reasonable period of time. In some chronic cases, complete healing of the periapical area does not occur resulting in development of a nonhealing sinus. Failure of nonsurgical approach in such cases needs surgical intervention permitting thorough periapical curettage. In the present case, apexification procedure with MTA achieved root end closure but failed to heal the sinus for which surgical treatment was completed with thorough periapical curettage and application of platelet rich fibrin (PRF and a combination of β-tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite resulted in healing.

  16. Some anatomical variation of paranasal sinuses using sinus endoscopic approach on "cadaver" in Isfahan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nezamoddin Berjis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the anatomical variations of the paranasal sinuses and its great importance in sinus surgery, as this area is in very close proximity to vital structures including the optic nerve, carotid artery, and skull base, anatomical knowledge of this area is of high importance. The purpose of this study is defining a full and clear impression of paranasal sinus anatomy and its variations as a model for the human population of the country. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 45 cadavers in Isfahan forensic Medicine center during 2010 to 2011. Nasal and paranasal sinuses endoscopic dissection was done with (zero and 30 o lenses (Olympus. The methods of performed dissection were via the Stamberger technique. Results: This study showed that 88.9% (40 cases of middle turbinates were in a typical form, while 6.7% (3 cases were in medial and only 4.4% (2 cases were in the lateral form. We also observed 88.9% (40 cases with Agger nasi cells, 37.8% (17 cases with Onodi cells, 28.9% cases with accessory Ostia of maxillary sinus (13 cases, and 15.6% of the cases (7 cases with concha bullosa. The position of the maxillary sinus ostium was as follows. The inferior 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 38 (84.5%, superior 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 4 (4.4%, middle 1/3 of hiatus semilunaris in 5 (11.1%. The sphenoid ostia in 53.3% (24 cases were slit shape, 28.9% (13 cases oval, and 17.8% (18 cases were round shape. Conclusion : Our survey showed that the distance between anterior nasal spine and anterior wall of the sphenoid sinus was within 7.6 ± 0.2 cm SD.

  17. Frontal sinus parameters in computed tomography and sex determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhlaghi, Mitra; Bakhtavar, Khadijeh; Moarefdoost, Jhale; Kamali, Artin; Rafeifar, Shahram

    2016-03-01

    The frontal sinus is a sturdy part of the skull that is likely to be retrieved for forensic investigations. We evaluated frontal sinus parameters in paranasal sinus computed tomography (CT) images for sex determination. The study was conducted on 200 normal paranasal sinus CT images of 100 men and 100 women of Persian origin. We categorized the studied population into three age groups of 20-34, 35-49 and ⩾ 50 years. The number of partial septa in the right frontal sinus and the maximum height and width were significantly different between the two sexes. The highest precision for sex determination was for the maximum height of the left frontal sinus (61.3%). In the 20-34 years age-group, height and width of the frontal sinus were significantly different between the two sexes and the height of the left sinus had the highest precision (60.8%). In the 35-49 years age-group, right anterior-posterior diameter had a sex determination precision of 52.3%. No frontal sinus parameter reached a statistically significant level for sex determination in the ⩾ 50 years age-group. The number of septa and scallopings were not useful in sex determination. Frontal sinus parameters did not have a high precision in sex determination among Persian adults.

  18. A PARALLEL STUDY OF RHINOGENIC AND ODONTOGENIC MAXILLARY SINUS DISEASE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elitsa Deliverska

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Because of its close anatomic relations with nosal and oral cavitis, the maxillary sinus is the place of most frequent inflammatory diseases of all paranasal sinuses. Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish differences in etiology and treatment of rhinogenic and odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Materials and methods: In this study, we analyzed the etiology, clinical characteristics of the disease, x-ray findings, clinical course and treatment of 188 cases, which were diagnosed and treated as odontogenic or rhinogenic maxillary sinusitis in the Departments of Maxillofacial surgery and Otorhinolaringology – “St. Anna” Hospital, Sofia from 2005 to 2010. Patients were divided according to age and sex. Data was systematized and analyzed. Results: This study clearly showed that rhinogenic diseases of maxillary sinus are three times more frequent than odontogenic diseases. Also the etiology of odontogenic sinusitis most often is due to mistakes in the treatment of the upper teeth (alien corpuses, perforation after extraction, which is completely different from rhinogenic sinusitis. In the surgical treatment of rhinogenic maxillary sinusitis usually endonasal polypectomy was followed by operation according to Caldwell-Luc or functional sinus endoscopy. During the surgical treatment of odontogenic sinusitis the most frequent intervention was surgical plastic of oral-antral communication with mucogingival vestibular flap followed by operation according to Caldwell-Luck what is different from the treatment of rhinogenic sinusitis.Conclusion: Maxillary sinus often suffers from inflammatory diseases and should always be examined carefully by means of anamnesis, clinic exam and x-rays to identify its origin. Upper teeth should be treated carefully in everyday’s dental practice to avoid being cause of sinusitis.

  19. Acute electrophysiological effects of dipyridamole on sinus node function in patients with sick sinus syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeşil, M; Bayata, S; Postaci, N; Aydin, C

    1997-12-01

    One of the most widely used tests for evaluation of sinus node function is sinus node recovery time (SNRT), which requires right heart catheterization. On the other hand SNRT has high specificity but only moderate sensitivity in the diagnosis of sick sinus syndrome (SSS). The authors studied acute electrophysiologic effects of dipyridamole (0.40 mg/kg IV) in 16 patients with clinical SSS. All of them had normal SNRT and had undergone permanent DDD pacemaker implantation. By the aid of temporary pacing inhibition, the authors noninvasively measured the corrected sinus node recovery time (SNRTc) and sinus cycle length (SCL) before and after dipyridamole administration. SCL was slightly decreased from a mean basal value of 1025 +/-323 to 913+/-213 msec after dipyridamole administration (mean -10%), but this was not statistically significant. SNRTc was increased from a mean basal value of 344+/-91 to 606+/-156 msec after dipyridamole administration (+76% Pnode function. SNRT measurement after intravenous dipyridamole may increase sensitivity of this test in patients with suspected SSS and normal SNRT.

  20. Recovery of opthalmoplegia associated with cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas after transvenous cavernous sinus packing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lv Xianli; Jiang Chuhan; Li Youxiang; Yang Xinjian [Beijing Neurosurgical institute, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 6, Tiantan Xili, Chongwen, Beijing (China); Wu Zhongxue, E-mail: ttyyzjb@sina.co [Beijing Neurosurgical institute, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 6, Tiantan Xili, Chongwen, Beijing (China)

    2010-08-15

    Background: We report the recovery of ophthalmoplegia in 11 patients with cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) after sinus packing at follow-up. Methods: Of 18 patients with CSDAVF treated with transvenous cavernous sinus packing between August 2002 and December 2007 at Beijing Tiantan Hospital, there were 9 patients with initial CNIII or CNVI dysfunction and 2 patients with CNVI dysfunction immediately after cavernous sinus packing selected and reevaluated. Results: Of 11 patients with CNIII or CNVI palsy, recovery was complete in 10. In 1 patient, complete CNVI palsy was unchanged because the CSDAVF was not cured. There were 6 men and 5 women with a mean age of 52.9 years. In 5 patients, CNVI palsy was associated with chemosis, proptosis and pulsatile tinnitus. Timing of treatment after onset of symptoms was from 4 to 35 days in 9 patients. All CSDAVFs were Barrow type D. Mean follow-up after treatment was 17.7 months (range, 2-54 months). Conclusion: CSDAVF-induced CNIII or CNVI palsies can be cured after cavernous sinus packing transvenously in most patients.

  1. Pilonidal sinus carcinoma (review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye. V. Tsema

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The analytic review of the national and foreign literature about problem of malignant transformation of sacrococcygeal pilonidal cysts is presented in the article. Here we expound the subject matters of prevalence of disease, clinical presentation, diagnostics, therapeutic approach and results of treatment these patients. The main problems of diagnostics and treatment of arcinoma arising in sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus are singled out. The basic risk factors and redisposing factors of malignant transformation of sacrococcygeal pilonidal cysts are marked. It is showed, that principle direction for improvement of results of treatment patients with arcinoma arising in pilonidal sinus is early it diagnostics by means observation of the patients which have high risk of beginning its complication.

  2. Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Dermal Sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharif Sakr

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background - Congenital dermal sinus (CDS is an uncommon form of spinal dysraphism. Although postdelivery identification in the neonate is aided by several associated physical examination findings, establishing this diagnosis prenatally has proven to be elusive. Case Report - We present a case of CDS where the prenatal findings at 20 weeks gestation led to the diagnosis, which was confirmed postnatally. The associated protrusion of fibrotic membranes through the sinus tract helped in the identification of this lesion prenatally, but created confusion with a more common type of lesion, an open neural tube defect. This is the first case report in the literature describing prenatal diagnosis of fetal CDS. Conclusion - Prenatal diagnosis with postnatal confirmation of CDS leads to early intervention, better long-term outcomes, and lesser complications.

  3. An autopsy case of traumatic sinus thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seto, Y; Takeichi, S

    1996-02-01

    A 38-year-old male slipped accidentally and fell from a height of 4.6 m, and was admitted to a hospital. A radiograph indicated a linear fracture of the parietal bone across the sagittal sutura, and a computed tomography scan of the head showed severe subdural hematoma on both parietal sides, so an operation was performed to remove the hematoma. Five hours after the operation, brain death due to a cerebral herniation occurred, and he died six days later. Autopsy revealed a linear fracture of the parietal bones, which crossed obliquely the sagittal sutura. A slightly lacerated wound of the dura mater was seen on the sagittal sutura, from where the latter half of that point to the left and right transverse sinuses were occluded completely with thrombosis. The brain was markedly swollen. From these findings, the victim was considered to have died from acute cerebral swelling due to traumatic thrombosis of the superior sagittal sinus.

  4. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma presented as cavernous sinus tumour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moona, Mohammad Shafi; Mehdi, Itrat

    2011-12-01

    A 32 year Libyan male presented with the complaints of headache and diplopia. He was diagnosed with a cavernous sinus meningioma on the basis of MRI findings but no initial biopsy was taken. Depending on the radiologic diagnosis the patient was treated with gamma knife surgery twice, abroad. During follow up he developed left ear deafness and left cervical lymph adenopathy. An ENT evaluation with biopsy from the nasopharynx and cervical lymph node was taken. The histopathologic diagnosis of the resected tumour showed a nasopharyngeal carcinoma with cervical lymph node metastasis (poorly differentiated lympho-epithelial carcinoma). The cavernous sinus tumour which was initially treated as a meningioma was in fact metastasis from the nasopharyngeal carcinoma, making this an interesting and rare occurrence.

  5. LATERAL SINUS THROMBOSIS IN OTOLOGY: A REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Visavanatha

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Lateral sinus thrombosis (LST is usually occurs as a complication of middle ear infection .The involvement of lateral sinus during the course of ear infection was a well known complication in preantibiotic days .The decrease in the incidence of LST is due to the introduction of broad-spectrum antibiotics, early diagnosis and surgical treatment. Now, it is a rare complication of otitis media and poses a serious threat that warrants immediate medical and surgical treatment. The classical clinical picture is often changed by previous antibiotic therapy. An awareness of this rare potentially devastating condition and its varied presentations is necessary for early diagnosis and treatment. LST can also occur after head injury.

  6. 老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病急性加重患者合并肺部真菌感染危险因素分析%Risk factors of pulmonary fungal infections in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐灵彬; 熊洁; 孙莉; 任亚娟; 任小平

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查老年慢性阻塞性肺疾病急性加重(AECOPD)患者合并肺部真菌感染的危险因素,为减少肺部真菌感染概率提供依据.方法 回顾性调查2009年6月-2010年12月228例老年AECOPD住院患者临床资料,根据是否合并肺部真菌感染将其分为真菌感染组(39例)与非真菌感染组(189例),并对其危险因素进行调查分析.结果 228例AECOPD患者中发生肺部真菌感染39例,感染率为17.11%,使用抗菌药物时间真菌感染组(12.27±5.575)d,非真菌感染组(5.49±2.485)d;全身糖皮质激素使用时间真菌感染组(8.23±3.468)d,非真菌感染组(5.93±2.496)d;住院时间真菌感染组(30.74±22.399)d,非真菌感染组(21.58±16.088)d,两组差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);经非条件logistic回归分析,低白蛋白血症、使用抗菌药物及全身糖皮质激素是AECOPD患者发生呼吸道真菌感染的独立危险因素.结论 对老年AECOPD加强营养支持、减少广谱抗菌药物使用种类和时间、避免全身糖皮质激素的使用,可减少肺部真菌感染的发生.%OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk factors of the pulmonary fungal infections in the senior patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (AECOPD). METHODS The retrospective review was carried out to investigate whether the infections occurred in the hospitalized patients from Jun 2009 to Dec 2010 , and the possible risk factors were surveyed. RESULTS There were 39 patients with pulmonary fungal infections in 228 senior patients with AECOPD. The rate of the pulmonary fungal infections was 17. 11%. Results from unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors of the respiratory fungal infections in the senile patients with AECOPD were hypoalbuminemia and the use of antibiotics and systemic glucocorticosteroid. There was significant difference in the duration of using antibiotics before admission between the patients with

  7. [Clinically documented fungal infections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakeya, Hiroshi; Kohno, Shigeru

    2008-12-01

    Proven fungal infections are diagnosed by histological/microbiological evidence of fungi at the site of infection and positive blood culture (fungemia). However, invasive diagnosing examinations are not always applied for all of immunocompromised patients. Clinically documented invasive fungal infections are diagnosed by typical radiological findings such as halo sign on chest CT plus positive serological/molecular evidence of fungi. Serological tests of Aspergillus galactomannan antigen and beta-glucan for aspergillosis and cryptococcal glucuronoxylomannan antigen for cryptococcosis are useful. Hence, none of reliable serological tests for zygomycosis are available so far. In this article, risk factors, sign and symptoms, and diagnostic methods for clinically documented cases of invasive aspergillosis, pulmonary cryptococcosis, and zygomycosis with diabates, are reviewed.

  8. [Genetic predictors of sick sinus node syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernova, A A; Nikulina, S Iu; Tret'iakova, S S

    2013-01-01

    The article is devoted to the role of heredity in development of the sick sinus node syndrome (SSNS). We have examined 14 probands and 110 their relatives from families with idiopathic SSNS and established the role in development of hereditary SSNS of polymorphisms of the following genes: -2-adrenoreceptor, enzyme endothelial NO synthase, protein connexin 40, voltage dependent cardiac sodium channels, cardiac myosin heavy chains. We also revealed associations of clinical variants of idiopathic SSNS with genotypes of the studied genes.

  9. NEW APPROACH TO ANORECTAL SINUS DISEASE

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    AIM: Retrospective analysis of 23 cases of persistent ano-rectal abscesses and fistulas with an unusual clinical presentation (absent external opening in all cases) resulting in modification of treatment modalities to prevent the dreaded complications of recurrence and incontinence. METHODS: 23 patients presenting with ano-rectal sinus disease from January 2012 to June 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were collected from two different institutions of Kanpur. In...

  10. Successful sinus restoration for transverse-sigmoid sinus dural arteriovenous fistula complicated by multiple venous sinus occlusions: The usefulness of preoperative computed tomography venography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichiro Takemoto

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Sinus restoration is preferable in patients with severe cerebral venous congestion due to multiple sinus occlusions and/or a restricted collateral venous outlet. CT venography is useful for precise evaluation of the length and configuration of the occluded segment, which thus make it possible to evaluate the feasibility of stenting.

  11. Amalgam tattoo: a cause of sinusitis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parizi, José Luiz Santos; Nai, Gisele Alborghetti

    2010-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the toxicity of silver amalgam fillings, which have been used over the centuries in Dentistry. Amalgam particles may accidentally and/or traumatically be embedded into the submucosal tissue during placement of a restoration and perpetuate in such area. This article presents a case of amalgam tattoo and investigates whether it is related to the patient's repeated episodes of sinusitis. The patient was a 46-year-old woman with a 2 mm diameter radiopaque lesion in the right oral mucosa detected on a panoramic radiograph and presented as a black macula clinically. A complete surgical resection was carried out. The histopathological examination revealed deposits of dark-brownish pigments lining the submucosal tissue with adjacent lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate and multinucleated giant cells phagocyting pigments. There was a negative staining for both iron and melanin. One year after lesion removal, the patient reported that the sinusitis crises had ceased after repeated episodes for years. It may be speculated that the inflammatory process related to amalgam tattoo seems to lead to a local immune response that causes sinusitis because it enhances the human leukocyte antigen DR (HLA-DR) tissue expression.

  12. Amalgam tattoo: a cause of sinusitis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Santos Parizi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Little attention has been paid to the toxicity of silver amalgam fillings, which have been used over the centuries in Dentistry. Amalgam particles may accidentally and/or traumatically be embedded into the submucosal tissue during placement of a restoration and perpetuate in such area. This article presents a case of amalgam tattoo and investigates whether it is related to the patient's repeated episodes of sinusitis. The patient was a 46-year-old woman with a 2 mm diameter radiopaque lesion in the right oral mucosa detected on a panoramic radiograph and presented as a black macula clinically. A complete surgical resection was carried out. The histopathological examination revealed deposits of dark-brownish pigments lining the submucosal tissue with adjacent lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate and multinucleated giant cells phagocyting pigments. There was a negative staining for both iron and melanin. One year after lesion removal, the patient reported that the sinusitis crises had ceased after repeated episodes for years. It may be speculated that the inflammatory process related to amalgam tattoo seems to lead to a local immune response that causes sinusitis because it enhances the human leukocyte antigen DR (HLA-DR tissue expression.

  13. Ethmoid sinus osteoma associated with blow-out fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-Jin; Kim, Dong-Yeon; Jun, Young-Joon; Seo, Byung-Chul

    2012-03-01

    Osteoma is a benign tumor that is composed of compact or cancellous bone. It is the most common benign neoplasm of the paranasal sinus, and ethmoid sinuses are the second most common sites of paranasal sinus osteoma. The symptoms of ethmoid sinus osteoma can give rise to various kinds and extent of symptoms. In symptomatic cases, surgical management is necessary, but appropriate surgical approach to the ethmoid sinus is not clearly established. We describe 2 male patients with a diagnosis of blow-out fractures after trauma; ethmoid sinus osteoma on preoperative computed tomography scans was coincidentally found, and the surgical correction was done simultaneously. The purpose of this article was to present the successful surgical removal of ethmoid osteoma through lamina papyracea and transcaruncular approach, resulting in both successful surgical correction and good cosmetic outcome.

  14. MULTIDETECTOR CT STUDY OF ANATOMICAL VARIANTS OF ETHMOID SINUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉华; 薛建平; 朱铭

    2004-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the significance of multidetector CT 3D reconstruction technique in showing anatomy of ethmoid sinus, at the same time, anatomic variations of ethmoid sinus and its clinical significance were also discussed. Methods 250 cases of ethmoid sinuses were scanned transversally by multidetector scaner, coronal and sagittal views were reconstructed. Results Coronal and sagittal views were good enough to make diagnosis. 5 kinds of common ethmoid sinus variations were seen, including pneumatization of ethmoid bulla (56. 5% ) , Onodi air cell(26% ) , Hailer cell(6. 5% ) ,low ethmoid foveolas( 4. 3% )and over intromigratiny lamella papyracea (6. 5% ). Conclusion The coronal and other special views of ethmoid sinus are showed clearly by 3 D reconstruction which can provide detailed image informations for functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

  15. Managment of orbital complications of sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fazil Emre Ozkurt

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: We reported on the clinical approaches of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology departments in the treatment of the orbital complications of sinusitis. We also included an in-depth literature review. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of 51 patients from January 2008 to January 2014. The records were evaluated for age, gender, type of orbital complications, symptoms, predisposing factors, imaging studies, medical and surgical management, culture results, and follow-up information. SPSS version 15.0 software (Statistical Analysis, The Statistical Package for Social Sciences Inc, Chicago, IL was used for the statistical analysis. Results: Fifty-one patients met the criteria, with available medical records, for the study (29 male, 22 female. Thirty-two (62.7% were diagnosed with preseptal cellulitis and 19 (37.3% with postseptal cellulitis. After a detailed evaluation, 15 were diagnosed with a subperiosteal abscess (SPA, and 4 were diagnosed with orbital cellulitis. The age and gender was similar for the two groups. Five patients with medial SPA were treated with endoscopic sinus surgery, one patient with inferior SPA was treated with external surgery, and six patients with other localizations were treated with a combination of endoscopic sinus surgery and external surgery. All patients presented with periorbital erythema and edema. The length of hospitalization and duration of symptoms were similar in both groups. Visual acuity was between 1/10 to 10/10 (mean 7/10 and statistically significant for preseptal and postseptal cellulitis groups (p<0.001. All patients received intravenous antibiotics upon the first day of admission. Conclusion: Orbital complications of acute sinusitis required intensive follow-up and a multidisciplinary approach. A contrast-enhanced paranasal sinus computerized tomography (CT scan can detect the extent of the infection. An initial trial of intravenosus (IV antibiotics may be appropriate when

  16. First Case Report of Sinusitis with Lophomonas blattarum from Iran

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Lophomonas blattarum is a rare cause of bronchopulmonary and sinus infection. This paper presents a rare case of Lophomonas sinusitis. Case Presentation. The patient was a 31-year-old woman who was admitted because of a history of upper respiratory infection and sinusitis. Direct microscopic examination of the sputum and nasal discharge showed large numbers of living Lophomonas blattarum with irregular movement of flagella. The patient was successfully treated by Metronidazole 7...

  17. Oral surgery as risk factor of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Račić Alek; Dotlić Jelena; Janošević Ljiljana

    2006-01-01

    In order to determine the risk factors of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis, a total number of 40 patients with this pathological condition was examined in three-year period. Oroantral communication was detected in 40% of patients, oroantral fistula in 25%, sinus foreign bodies in 15% and other pathological conditions in 10% of cases. The extraction of the upper lateral teeth was the cause of odontogenic sinusitis in 65% patients. Given the specific tooth, the first upper molar was the most com...

  18. Pott's Puffy Tumor Arising from Frontal Sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Ji Yeon; Kang, Hyun Koo [Seoul Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    Pott's puffy tumor is an extremely rare and potentially life-threatening complication of frontal sinusitis. We report a case of a 64-year-old man who presented at our emergency department with mild tenderness on the glabellar area and diplopia. Computed Tomography (CT) revealed frontal sinusitis and osteomyelitis of the frontal bone. Following sinus trephination and long-term antibiotic therapy, the patient achieved a complete recovery.

  19. Effects of Acetochlor and Methamidophos on Fungal Communities in Black Soils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xin-Yu; ZHANG Hui-Wen; ZHOU Qi-Xing; SU Zhen-Cheng; ZHANG Cheng-Gang

    2005-01-01

    Using plate counting and ergosterol assay, single and joint effects of acetochlor and methamidophos on the dynamics of soil fungal population and total fungal biomass in the black soil zone of Northeast China were investigated. The results demonstrated that acetochlor at high concentration levels (150 and 250 mg kg-1) had an acute and mostly chronic toxicity on both the soil fungal population and total fungal biomass, but at a low concentration (50 mg kg-1) generally had a stimulating effect that was stronger with total fungal biomass than with the soil fungal population. Methamidophos at a high concentration level (250 mg kg-1) alone and almost all of its combinations with various dosages of acetochlor increased the soil fungal population, whereas at most sampling dates with 250 mg methamidophos kg-1 soil, total fungal biomass increased, but in combination with acetochlor it was decreased in the early period of incubation and then increased 28 days after incubation. Thus, through measuring the number of colony forming unit of the soil fungal population along with the total fungal biomass, a better understanding on effects of agrochemicals on soil fungi could be made.

  20. Fungal osteomyelitis and septic arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bariteau, Jason T; Waryasz, Gregory R; McDonnell, Matthew; Fischer, Staci A; Hayda, Roman A; Born, Christopher T

    2014-06-01

    Management of fungal osteomyelitis and fungal septic arthritis is challenging, especially in the setting of immunodeficiency and conditions that require immunosuppression. Because fungal osteomyelitis and fungal septic arthritis are rare conditions, study of their pathophysiology and treatment has been limited. In the literature, evidence-based treatment is lacking and, historically, outcomes have been poor. The most common offending organisms are Candida and Aspergillus, which are widely distributed in humans and soil. However, some fungal pathogens, such as Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Cryptococcus, and Sporothrix, have more focal areas of endemicity. Fungal bone and joint infections result from direct inoculation, contiguous infection spread, or hematogenous seeding of organisms. These infections may be difficult to diagnose and eradicate, especially in the setting of total joint arthroplasty. Although there is no clear consensus on treatment, guidelines are available for management of many of these pathogens.

  1. Influence of racemic higenamine on the sinus node

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Fengxia; KONG, LINGTING; Wang, Shujuan

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of racemic higenamine in the treatment of sick sinus syndrome (SSS). A total of 40 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into normal sinus node and damaged sinus node (SND) groups, and each group was randomly divided into treatment and control groups (n=10). The SND model was established by formaldehyde wet dressing of the sinus node area. The treatment groups were administered an intravenous infusion of 0.04 mg/kg racemic higenamine via ...

  2. The most often causes of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Račić Alek

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In the period 2000-2002, 40 patients with odontogenic sinusitis were examined at the Institute for ENT and Maxillofacial Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia. Oroantral communication was detected in 40% of the patients, oroantral fistula in 35%, sinus foreign bodies in 15% and other conditions in 10% of the cases. The extraction of the upper lateral teeth was the cause of odontogenic sinusitis in 65% of the cases. Given the specific tooth, the first upper molar was the most often cause of the condition, i.e., in 40% of cases. Odontogenic sinusitis as the complication of the oral cavity surgery was found in 85% of the patients.

  3. Endoscopic removal of an ectopic tooth in maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viterbo, Stefano; Griffa, Alessandro; Boffano, Paolo

    2013-01-01

    Ectopic teeth erupted in the maxillary sinus are rarely reported. Although the causes of eruption of a tooth into the maxillary sinus are unclear, some clinical conditions are suspected to be responsible, such as developmental disturbances (cleft palate), displacement of teeth by trauma, interventions or cyst, infection, genetic factors, crowding, and dense bone. Most cases of ectopic teeth in the maxillary sinus are asymptomatic and are occasionally diagnosed thanks to routine radiographic investigations.The aim of this article is to present and discuss the surgical management of an ectopic third molar in the roof of the maxillary sinus.

  4. Scedosporium apiospermum SINUSITIS AFTER BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION: REPORT OF A CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MACHADO Clarisse M.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A forty-year-old man underwent an allogeneic BMT from his HLA identical sister. GvHD prophylaxis was done with cyclosporine (CyA, methotrexate and prednisone (PDN. On day +90 extensive GvHD was noted and higher doses of immunosuppressive drugs alternating CyA with PDN were initiated. Patient's follow-up was complicated by intermittent episodes of leukopenia and monthly episodes of sinusitis or pneumonia. One year after BMT, the patient developed hoarseness and nasal voice. No etiologic agent could be identified on a biopsy sample of the vocal chord. Upon tapering the doses of immunosuppressive drugs, the patient had worsening of chronic GvHD and was reintroduced on high doses of cyclosporine alternating with prednisone on day +550. Three months later, GvHD remained out of control and the patient was started on azathioprine. On day +700, hoarseness and nasal voice recurred. Another biopsy of the left vocal chord failed to demonstrate infection. Episodes of sinusitis became more frequent and azathioprine was withheld 3 months after it was started. One month later, the patient had bloody nasal discharge and surgical drainage of maxillary sinuses was performed. Histopathology showed hyphae and cultures grew Scedosporium apiospermum. ltraconazole 800 mg/day was initiated. The patient developed progressive respiratory failure and died 15 days later.

  5. Scedosporium apiospermum sinusitis after bone marrow transplantation: report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, C M; Martins, M A; Heins-Vaccari, E M; Lacaz, C da S; Macedo, M C; Castelli, J B; Medeiros, R S; Silva, R L; Dulley, F L

    1998-01-01

    A forty-year-old man underwent an allogeneic BMT from his HLA identical sister. GvHD prophylaxis was done with cyclosporine (CyA), methotrexate and prednisone (PDN). On day +90 extensive GvHD was noted and higher doses of immunosuppressive drugs alternating CyA with PDN were initiated. Patient's follow-up was complicated by intermittent episodes of leukopenia and monthly episodes of sinusitis or pneumonia. One year after BMT, the patient developed hoarseness and nasal voice. No etiologic agent could be identified on a biopsy sample of the vocal chord. Upon tapering the doses of immunosuppressive drugs, the patient had worsening of chronic GvHD and was reintroduced on high doses of cyclosporine alternating with prednisone on day +550. Three months later, GvHD remained out of control and the patient was started on azathioprine. On day +700, hoarseness and nasal voice recurred. Another biopsy of the left vocal chord failed to demonstrate infection. Episodes of sinusitis became more frequent and azathioprine was withheld 3 months after it was started. One month later, the patient had bloody nasal discharge and surgical drainage of maxillary sinuses was performed. Histopathology showed hyphae and cultures grew Scedosporium apiospermum. Itraconazole 800 mg/day was initiated. The patient developed progressive respiratory failure and died 15 days later.

  6. Sinonasal Melioidosis in a Returned Traveller Presenting with Nasal Cellulitis and Sinusitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Sin Mei Lim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We illustrate a case involving a 51-year-old man who presented to a tertiary hospital with sepsis secondary to an abscess of the nasal vestibule and pustular eruptions of the nasal mucosa. Associated cellulitis extended across the face to the eye, and mucosal thickening of the sinuses was seen on computed tomography. The patient underwent incision and drainage and endoscopic sinus surgery. Blood cultures and swabs were positive for a gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei. He had multiple risk factors including travel to an endemic area. The patient received extended antibiotic therapy in keeping with published national guidelines. Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, found in the soil in Northern Australia and Asia. It is transmitted via cutaneous or inhaled routes, leading to pneumonia, skin or soft tissue abscesses, and genitourinary infections. Risk factors include diabetes, chronic lung disease, and alcohol abuse. It can exist as a latent, active, or reactivated infection. A high mortality rate has been identified in patients with sepsis. Melioidosis is endemic in tropical Northern Australia and northeastern Thailand where it is the most common cause of severe community-acquired sepsis. There is one other report of melioidosis in the literature involving orbital cellulitis and sinusitis.

  7. A New Surgical Technique for Closure of Pilonidal Sinus Defects: Triangular Closure Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutaf, Mehmet; Temel, Metin; Koç, Mustafa Nihat

    2017-01-01

    Background We present a clinical experience with a new local flap procedure, namely the triangular closure technique, for reconstruction of sacrococcygeal skin defects resulting from excision of the pilonidal sinus. Material/Methods In this technique, the defect is surgically converted to a triangle in shape. Then, the triangular defect is closed by transposition of 2 skin flaps designed in an unequal z-plasty manner. Over 6 years, this technique has been used for closure of defects of chronic pilonidal sinus disease in 27 patients (6 females, 21 males). The size of the defect ranged between 3.5 cm and 12 cm in dimension. Results A tension-free defect closure was obtained in all patients. All flaps except one healed with no complications. A mean follow-up of 3.62±1.77 months revealed aesthetically and functionally acceptable results with the obliteration of the natal cleft in all patients. No recurrence was observed in the follow-up period. Conclusions The triangular closure technique was found to be a useful technique for the treatment of pilonidal sinus with favorable results regarding the time before return to work. PMID:28238003

  8. Short-course oral steroids alone for chronic rhinosinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Head, Karen; Chong, Lee Yee; Hopkins, Claire; Philpott, Carl; Burton, Martin J; Schilder, Anne G M

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This review is one of a suite of six Cochrane reviews looking at the primary medical management options for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common condition involving inflammation of the lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses. It is characterised by nas

  9. Intranasal steroids versus placebo or no intervention for chronic rhinosinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chong, Lee Yee; Head, Karen; Hopkins, Claire; Philpott, Carl; Schilder, Anne G M; Burton, Martin J

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This review is one of six looking at the primary medical management options for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.Chronic rhinosinusitis is common and is characterised by inflammation of the lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses leading to nasal blockage, rhinorrhoea, facial pressu

  10. Treatment for an endosseous implant migrated into the maxillary sinus not causing maxillary sinusitis : Case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raghoebar, GM; Vissink, A

    2003-01-01

    Placement of endosseous implants in the maxilla has been proven to be a reliable treatment modality. If there is lack of supporting bone, the placed implant may not have enough primary stability and may migrate into the maxillary sinus. Displaced implants must be removed. If there are no signs of ma

  11. Discussion on syndrome differentiation of traditional Chinese medicine's objective and subjective curative effect of chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery%慢性鼻-鼻窦炎内窥镜鼻窦手术术后中医辨证治疗的主客观疗效初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林玲玲; 林少雄; 程耿斌

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性鼻-鼻窦炎内窥镜鼻窦手术术后中医辨证治疗的主客观疗效.方法 选择2011年1月至2012年10月在我院住院治疗的慢性鼻窦炎患者105例(192侧).以数字法分成观察组和对照组两个组别,其中对照组53例,共计98侧.观察组52例,共计94侧.观察组在实施内窥镜下鼻窦手术之后通过中医辨证方案进行治疗,而对照组则在手术后不采用中医辨证方案进行治疗.对比两组患者在术后疗效、上皮化时间、VAS评分情况.结果 观察组治疗无效数据为5例(9.6%),低于对照组16例(30.2%);且观察组治疗改善率47例(90.3%)显著高于对照组37例(69.8%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).而观察组治愈23例(44.2%),好转24例(46.2%),对比于对照组分别数据16例(30.2%),21例(39.6%),差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).观察组上皮化时间(46.7±12.6)d,少于对照组(58.6± 16.8)d.差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).观察组在治疗后VAS评分为(2.31±0.98)低于对照组(3.25±1.12),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 中医辨证治疗慢性鼻-鼻窦炎内窥镜鼻窦手术术后效果显著,促进上皮化,改善患者主观症状,值得临床推荐.%Objective To discuss the syndrome differentiation of traditional Chinese medicine (SDTCM)'s objective and subjective curative effect observation of chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS).Methods We chose 105 cases (192 sides) treated by surgery from January 2011 to October 2012 in our hospital.The cases were divided into 2 groups,observation group and control group by digital method.The control group included 53 cases of patients (98 sides),and the observation group included 52 cases of patients (94 sides).The observation was treated with SDTCM after ESS,while the control group was not.Curative effect was compared in the 2 groups,epithelial time and VAS score.Results The observation group' s treatment of invalid data was 5(9.6

  12. Prevalence of chronic rhinosinusitis in children with dyspepsia–A cross sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Mwangi Beatrice; Ayugi John; Laving Ahmed; Mugwe Peter

    2016-01-01

    Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a complex condition that has been found to affect both adults and children. Risk factors associated with CRS are allergy, asthma, immunodeficiency, GERD/Helicobacter pylori, anatomic obstruction, genetics, congenital and environmental factors and irritants. Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined as a symptomatic inflammatory condition of mucosa of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, the fluids within these sinuses, and/or the underlying bone for dura...

  13. CBCT研究上颌窦形态及其与上颌后牙的关系%Use of cone-beam computed tomographyto demonstrate morphology of maxillary sinus and association of-maxillary sinus with maxillary posterior teeth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晟楠; 高承志; 杨咪咪; 刘文菲

    2016-01-01

    目的:应用CBCT研究人群中上颌窦的一般形态差异,为上颌后牙种植术及拔除术提供解剖依据。方法:选取临床403例CBCT影像,测量并统计上颌窦底距牙槽嵴顶的最小距离,上颌窦间隔,上颌窦底黏膜增厚,以及牙根突入窦腔的例数;结果:窦底与牙槽嵴顶最小间距为8.3 mm,左右侧差异有统计学意义;上颌窦间隔出现几率为98.6%,黏膜增厚与牙根突入几率分别为31%与47%,其中牙根尖病变相关的窦底黏膜增厚为56.3%,男女及左右对比均无差异。结论:上颌窦形态差异较大,上颌窦慢性炎症与上颌后牙根尖病变密切相关。%Objective To study the morphological variations of maxillary sinus and to provide anatomical basis for maxillary posterior teeth implantation and extraction usingcone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan-ning. Methods CBCT images from 403 patients were reviewed. The minimal distance from sinus floor to alveolar ridge wasmeasured and the number of patients with clinical features such as having sinus septum , mucosal thicken-ing and posterior teeth roots extend into maxillary sinus were counted. Results The mean value of the minimal dis-tance from maxillary sinus floor to alveolar ridge was about 8.3 mm, there was no significant statistical difference between sex, but there was a significant statisticalsignificant difference between the left sides and the right sides. Occurrences of sinus septum, mucosal thickening and roots into sinus were 98.6%, 31% (in which 56.3% of mu-cosal thickening were related to apical periodontitis) and 47%. there was no significantstatisticaldifference between the two sides in males females. Conclusions The morphological variations of maxillary sinus are significant. Chron-ic inflammation in maxillary sinuis is closely related to the position of maxillary posterior teeth roots and periapical lesions.

  14. Fungal biodiversity to biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambergo, Felipe S; Valencia, Estela Y

    2016-03-01

    Fungal habitats include soil, water, and extreme environments. With around 100,000 fungus species already described, it is estimated that 5.1 million fungus species exist on our planet, making fungi one of the largest and most diverse kingdoms of eukaryotes. Fungi show remarkable metabolic features due to a sophisticated genomic network and are important for the production of biotechnological compounds that greatly impact our society in many ways. In this review, we present the current state of knowledge on fungal biodiversity, with special emphasis on filamentous fungi and the most recent discoveries in the field of identification and production of biotechnological compounds. More than 250 fungus species have been studied to produce these biotechnological compounds. This review focuses on three of the branches generally accepted in biotechnological applications, which have been identified by a color code: red, green, and white for pharmaceutical, agricultural, and industrial biotechnology, respectively. We also discuss future prospects for the use of filamentous fungi in biotechnology application.

  15. Sick sinus syndrome secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Beton

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The effects of hypercalcemia on the heart and the resulting alternations of the electrocardiogram have been well established. However, there are only limited number of reports in the literature on primary hyperparathyroidism leading to clinically significant arrhythmias. We present a patient who was diagnosed with symptomatic sick sinus syndrome in the setting of moderate hyper-calcemia secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism in this case report. After the surgical opera-tion for primary hyperparathyroidism, serum calcium level returned to normal range and patient’s complaints and arrhytmic findings recovered. The patient was asymptomatic for the following 13 years.

  16. Ectopic tooth in maxillary sinus: Case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramanojam, Shandilya; Halli, Rajshekhar; Hebbale, Manjula; Bhardwaj, Smita

    2013-01-01

    Ectopic eruption of a tooth within the dentate region of the jaws is often noticed in clinical practice and is well documented in the literature. But the ectopic eruption into the non dentate region is rare and scantly documented. The maxillary sinus is one such a non dentate region, apart from nasal septum, mandibular condyle, coronoid process and the palate, to accommodate such ectopic eruptions of teeth. Due to its rarity and lack of consensus over its management, the incidence deserves to be added to the literature and discussed. Early surgical intervention for removal of ectopic tooth along with enucleation of the associated cyst, if any, is the treatment of choice.

  17. [Solitary naso-sinusal fibrous tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, V; Jiménez, M L; Cuatrecasas, M; Jürgens, A; de Amesti, C; Orus, C; Fabra, J M

    1995-01-01

    Here we present two clinical cases of solitary naso-sinusal fibrous tumour. This tumour has a mesenchymal origin and has an evident pleural location, with well defined immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characteristics. The clinical manifestation is an apparent benign tumour with an inclination to local aggressiveness. The most effective treatment seems to be surgical removal, but given the low number of cases mentioned (there are only eight cases reported in international literature), and the tendency to eventual recurrence, called for cobalt therapy after surgery. The evolution of clinical cases is irregular.

  18. Radiology of chronic diseases of the ankle joint; Chronische Krankheitsbilder am Sprunggelenk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rand, T. [Vienna Univ. (Austria). Einrichtung fuer Magnetresonanztomographie]|[Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Vienna (Austria); Trattnig, S.; Breitenseher, M.; Imhof, H. [Vienna Univ. (Austria). Einrichtung fuer Magnetresonanztomographie; Kreuzer, S. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Vienna (Austria); Wagesreither, S. [Vienna Univ. (Austria). Klinik fuer Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde

    1999-01-01

    The etiology of chronic diseases of the ankle joint comprises a wide spectrum including chronic inflammatory processes and chronic degenerative, tumorous and neuropathic processes, as well as some specific syndromes based on chronic changes of the ankle joint. Of the inflammatory processes, chronic juvenile arthritis (JVC) is the most common disease. However, also Reiter disease, psoriasis or chronic monoarthritid diseases such as gout, as well as granulomatous diseases (tuberculosis, sarcoidosis) and fungal infections, may affect the ankle joint in a chronic course. Chronic degenerative changes are usually secondary due to abnormal positioning of the joint constituents or repetitive trauma. Neuropathic changes, as frequently seen in the course of diabetes, present with massive osseous destruction and malposition of the articular constituents. Chronic osseous as well as cartilaginous and synovial changes are seen in hemoplici patients. Chronic traumatic changes are represented by pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS), and chondromatosis, both with a predilection for the ankle joint. Due to the possibilities of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diagnosis of chronic ankle changes includes chronic ligamentous, tendinous and soft tissue changes. With the use MRI, specific syndromes can be defined which particularly affect the ankle joint in a chronic way, such as the os trigonum syndrome, the anterolateral impingement syndrome and the sinus tarsi syndrome. Nevertheless, plain film radiographs are still the basic element of any investigation. MRI, however, can be potentially used as a second investigation, saving an unnecessary cascade of investigations with ultrasound and CT. The latter investigations are used only with very specific indications, for instance CT for subtle bone structures and sonography for a limited investigation of tendons or evaluation of fluid. Particularly due to the possibilities of MRI and the development of special gradient-echo imaging or

  19. Fungal infections of the central nervous system: The clinical syndromes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murthy J.M.K

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS are being increasingly diagnosed both in immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. Sinocranial aspergillosis is more frequently described from countries with temperate climates, more often in otherwise immunocompetent individuals. The clinical syndromes with which fungal infections of the CNS can present are protean and can involve most part of the neuroaxis. Certain clinical syndromes are specific for certain fungal infections. The rhinocerebral form is the most common presenting syndrome with zygomycosis and skull-base syndromes are often the presenting clinical syndromes in patients with sinocranial aspergillosis. Subacute and chronic meningitis in patients with HIV infection is more likely to be due to cryptococcal infection. Early recognition of the clinical syndromes in an appropriate clinical setting is the first step towards achieving total cure in some of these infections.

  20. Current management of fungal infections.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meis, J.F.G.M.; Verweij, P.E.

    2001-01-01

    The management of superficial fungal infections differs significantly from the management of systemic fungal infections. Most superficial infections are treated with topical antifungal agents, the choice of agent being determined by the site and extent of the infection and by the causative organism,

  1. The evolution of fungal epiphytes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hongsanan, S.; Sánchez-Ramírez, S.; Crous, P.W.; Ariyawansa, H.A.; Zhao, R.L.; Hyde, K.D.

    2016-01-01

    Fungal epiphytes are a polyphyletic group found on the surface of plants, particularly on leaves, with a worldwide distribution. They belong in the phylum Ascomycota, which contains the largest known number of fungal genera. There has been little research dating the origins of the common ancestors o

  2. Influence of racemic higenamine on the sinus node.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Fengxia; Kong, Lingting; Wang, Shujuan

    2013-02-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of racemic higenamine in the treatment of sick sinus syndrome (SSS). A total of 40 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into normal sinus node and damaged sinus node (SND) groups, and each group was randomly divided into treatment and control groups (n=10). The SND model was established by formaldehyde wet dressing of the sinus node area. The treatment groups were administered an intravenous infusion of 0.04 mg/kg racemic higenamine via the marginal ear vein within 5 min. The electrophysiological indicators of sinoatrial function, including the sinus node recovery time (SNRT), corrected sinus node recovery time (CSNRT), total sinoatrial conduction time (TSACT) and sinus cycle length (SCL), were determined before and 20 min after medication and the changes in these indicators were evaluated. The two control groups were administered 10 ml physiological saline. Following the administration of racemic higenamine, the SNRT, CSNRT, TSACT and SCL in the normal sinus node and SND groups were significantly shortened compared with those in the control groups (Pnode group (Pnode was statistically significant (Pnode self-discipline and improvement of sinoatrial and atrioventricular conduction function.

  3. An Odontoma Found in the Wake of Maxillary Sinusitis Onset

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Sinusitis of dental origin is a relatively frequent entity, and odontomas are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity. Eruption and infection of odontomas are extremely rare. Here, we report an interesting case where odontoma was found in the wake of the maxillary sinusitis onset.

  4. Antenatal MR diagnosis of urinary hydrometrocolpos due to urogenital sinus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Subramanian, Subramanian; Sharma, Raju; Gamanagatti, Shivanand [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiodiagnosis, New Delhi (India); Agarwala, Sandeep [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Pediatric Surgery, New Delhi (India); Gupta, Prerna; Kumar, Sunesh [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, New Delhi (India)

    2006-10-15

    Hydrometrocolpos is cystic dilatation of the vagina and uterus due to congenital vaginal obstruction. It may be secretory or urinary in character and manifests in the neonatal period with abdominal distension. Urinary hydrometrocolpos occurs in patients with urogenital sinus or cloacal anomaly. A rare case of antenatal MR diagnosis of urinary hydrometrocolpos due to urogenital sinus is presented. (orig.)

  5. CT-MPR invaluable in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoki, Hideaki; Shimazu, Kaoru; Kamada, Morito; Shiroyama, Akihiro; Mouri, Daisuke; Yamashita, Masashi; Kawasaki, Yasunori; Koseki, Takakazu; Mouri, Manabu [Osaka Dental Univ. (Japan)

    2001-08-01

    In everyday examination, it is usual to encounter odontogenic maxillary sinusitis patients. Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is generally best diagnosed by dental X-ray imaging. Many medical facilities not having a dental X-ray unit use coronal computed tomography (CT) images to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Coronal CT imaging causes artifacts, however due to dental prosthesises. Computed tomography-Multiplanar reformation (CT-MPR) imaging has proved useful in evaluating the paranasal sinus because it is not influenced by dental prosthesises. We evaluated the usefulness of CT-MPR for diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis by retrospectively analyzing 16 patients, with the following results. We couldn't diagnose all cases of odontogenic maxillary sinusitis in posteroanterior and Waters projection images. Panoramic radiography is needed to diagnose odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. Dental X-ray imaging missed some cases, but all cases were diagnosed by CT-MPR imaging, giving a 100% diagnosestic rate. CT-MPR imaging is thus at least as valuable or better than dental X-ray imaging in diagnosing odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. (author)

  6. X-sinus : geen toegevoegde waarde voor de huisarts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venekamp, Roderick; Cals, Jochen

    2016-01-01

    Acute rhinosinusitis is a common disorder in general practice. Although sinus X-ray has not been included in the NHG (Dutch College of General Practitioners) guideline ‘Acute rhinosinusitis’, general practitioners often order this investigation. However, sinus X-ray is of limited diagnostic value an

  7. How Are Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancers Staged?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the cribriform plate (the bone that separates the nose from the brain), and/or the maxillary sinus. T4a: Tumor has ... of the eye socket, the skin of the nose or cheek, the sphenoid sinus, the ... of the eye socket, the brain, the dura (the tissue covering the brain), some ...

  8. Posture-dependent chronotropic effect of carotid sinus massage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, M; Oxhøj, H; Mickley, H

    1987-01-01

    The hypertensive carotid sinus can be divided into cardioinhibitory (chronotropic) and vasodepressor components; the former can be evaluated by carotid sinus massage performed in the supine position. We present the case of a patient in whom the abnormal cardioinhibitory response could only...

  9. Relation between intraocular pressure and size of transverse sinuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kantarci, Mecit; Onbas, Omer; Alper, Fatih; Okur, Adnan [Atatuerk University, Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Erzurum (Turkey); Dane, Senol; Gumustekin, Kenan [Atatuerk University, Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Erzurum (Turkey); Aslankurt, Murat [Atatuerk University, Department of Ophtalmatology, Medical Faculty, Erzurum (Turkey); Yazici, Ahmet Taylan [Beyoglu Goez Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2005-01-01

    There are asymmetries in the sizes of transverse sinus and intraocular pressure. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible relationships between the asymmetry of transverse sinuses in TOF MR venography and intraocular pressures of right and left eyes. In this study, subjects were 63 male and 42 female medical school students, aged 18-21 years (mean{+-}SD; 19.72{+-}0.67 years). Subjects with neurological and ophthalmologic disease, particularly dural sinus thrombosis, myopia, trauma and glaucoma, were excluded the study. Subjects were divided into five groups according to the magnitudes of the right- and left-transverse sinuses in MR venography results. There is a functional relation between intraocular pressures of the right and left eyes and asymmetry of the transverse sinus. If the transverse sinus on one side is larger and its venous drainage is greater, the intraocular pressure of the eye on this side is lower. It can be speculated that the transverse sinus size may be associated with pathogenesis of diseases with increased intraocular pressure such as glaucoma. We aim to determine the relation between the size and drainage of transverse sinuses in TOF MR venography and intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma in our next study. (orig.)

  10. Maxillary sinus augmentation with microstructured tricalcium phosphate ceramic in sheep.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klijn, R.J.; Hoekstra, J.W.M.; Beucken, J.J.J.P van den; Meijer, G.J.; Jansen, J.B.M.J.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the biological performance of osteoinductive microstructured tricalcium phosphate (MSTCP) particles in maxillary sinus floor augmentation surgery in sheep. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sinus floor augmentation was performed in eight Swifter sheep. In e

  11. Chronic sphenoid rhinosinusitis: management challenge

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Natamon Charakorn, Kornkiat Snidvongs Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand Abstract: Chronic sphenoid rhinosinusitis is a spectrum of inflammatory diseases in isolated sphenoid sinus which may persist over a period of 12 weeks. It is a different entity from other types of rhinosinusitis because clinical presentations include headache, visual loss or diplop...

  12. A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF MEAN ARTERIAL PRESSURE ON ESTIMATED BLOOD LOSS DURING ENDOSCOPIC SINUS SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George W Williams

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The current practice of lowering mean arterial pressure (MAP during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS is common, but unproven with regard to peer reviewed literature. The controlled hypotension induced is aimed for improved surgical field and lower the blood loss. Lower mean arterial pressures especially for prolonged surgeries may result in end organ hypoperfusion. The authors reviewed all patients who underwent outpatient endoscopic sinus surgery for the diagnosis of chronic sinusitis from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 at Memorial Hermann Hospital – Texas Medical Centre. We individually reviewed case sheets of every patient and documented blood loss as recorded on the anaesthesia record or in the surgical procedure note, among other variables. A total of 326 patients were included in this study. The median estimated blood loss (EBL was found to be 50 ml. The multivariate regression analysis between these three groups showed that EBL was higher in MAP 75 group. The average of EBL in MAP75 group and the average of EBL in MAP 65-70 group is 42% higher than that in MAP>75 group when other variables were fixed. Hence we found the trend toward higher blood loss with lower MAP. The authors conclude that lower MAP does not result in lower EBL in endoscopic sinus surgery. Furthermore, increases in BMI and crystalloid administered during an aesthetic management of these cases correlates with increased estimate blood loss.

  13. [Cerebellar abscesses secondary to infection of an occipital dermal sinus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Galera, A; Martínez León, M I; Pérez da Rosa, S; Ros López, B

    2013-09-01

    A dermal sinus is a congenital defect arising from a closure failure of the neural tube that results in different degrees of communication between the skin and the central nervous system. A dermal sinus can occur anywhere from the root of the nose to the conus medullaris, and the occipital location is the second most common. Dermal sinuses are often found in association with dermoid or epidermoid cysts and less frequently with teratomas. Patients with an occipital dermoid cyst associated with a dermal sinus can develop meningitis and/or abscesses as the first clinical manifestation of the disease due to the dermoid cyst itself becoming abscessed or to the formation of secondary abscesses; few cases of the formation of secondary abscesses have been reported. We present a case of a dermoid cyst associated with an infected dermal sinus and posterior development of cerebellar abscesses and hydrocephalus.

  14. MR imaging of dural sinus thrombosis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Si Kyung; Han, Chun Hwan; Lee, Moon Ok; Park, Kyung Joo; Lee, Joo Hyuk [Kang Nam General HosPital, Public Corporation, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-01-15

    We present a case of angiographically confirmed transverse and sigmoid sinus thrombosis, image with MR, in a 20 year old male with a history of otitis media and maxillary sinusitis. T1-weighted image demonstrated an iso signal intensity mass with tubular-shaped low signal intensity in right transverse and sigmoid sinus. The thrombus had high signal intensity on T2-weighted image. The signal intensity of the thrombus on Gd-DTPA enhanced T1-weighted image was unusually high similar to that of transverse sinus. Although dural sinus thrombosis has a non-specific MR signal intensity, findings of MRI in this case may serve as an aid in future evaluation of venous thrombosis.

  15. Management of orbital complications of sinusitis in pediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinis, Vefa; Ozbay, Musa; Bakir, Salih; Yorgancilar, Ediz; Gun, Ramazan; Akdag, Mehmet; Sahin, Muhammed; Topcu, Ismail

    2013-09-01

    The most common reason of orbital infections is sinusitis. Orbital complications of sinusitis are mostly seen in children. Loss of vision and intracranial infections are among the complications of sinusitis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is very important in the management of orbital complications. The orbital complication can be in the form of cellulitis or abscess. A retrospective review of 26 pediatric patients with orbital complications due to sinusitis was presented in this study. Of 26 patients, there were 13 cases of preseptal cellulitis, 2 cases of orbital cellulitis, and 11 cases of subperiosteal abscess. We grouped the preseptal and orbital cellulites in one category and the subperiosteal abscess in the other. All patients in the cellulitis group recovered by medical treatment. All the patients were treated by surgical drainage. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment method are vital for the treatment of orbital complications secondary to sinusitis.

  16. Maxillary odontogenic sinusitis, complicated with cerebral abscess--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onişor-Gligor, F; Lung, T; Pintea, B; Mureşan, O; Pop, P B; Juncar, M

    2012-01-01

    Maxillary sinus inflammation, when untreated or incorrectly treated, may extend locoregionally, the remaining paranasal sinuses being the first affected anatomical structures. This is why the understanding of the inflammatory pathology of the maxillary sinus, and particularly of the complications it can generate, is extremely important. The purpose of this presentation is to point out that inflammations of the paranasal sinuses are susceptible to develop complications in certain conditions and threaten the patient's life due to the proximity of vital structures. This is the case of a 16 years old male patient who developed a left maxillary and frontal sinusitis, complicated with cerebral abscess. Early detection, multidisciplinary approach and proper indication of surgical treatment, as well as early suspicion of complication, especially in young male adolescents, are extremely important.

  17. A Case of Pyriform Sinus Fistula Infection with Double Tracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masato Shino

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pyriform sinus fistula is a rare clinical entity and the precise origin remains controversial. The fistula is discovered among patients with acute suppurative thyroiditis or deep neck infection of the left side of the neck and is usually located in the left pyriform sinus. To the best of our knowledge, only a single tract has been reported to be responsible for pyriform sinus fistula infection. We present a case of a 13-year-old female patient with a pyriform sinus fistula that caused a deep infection of the left side of the neck and showed double-tract involvement discovered during surgical resection of the entire fistula. Both tracts arose around the pyriform sinus and terminated at the upper portion of the left lobe of the thyroid.

  18. Near-infrared imaging of the sinuses: preliminary evaluation of a new technology for diagnosing maxillary sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Usama; Cerussi, Albert; Dehdari, Reza; Nguyen, Quoc; Kelley, Timothy; Tromberg, Bruce; Wong, Brian

    2010-05-01

    Diagnosing sinusitis remains a challenge for primary care physicians. There is a need for a simple, office-based technique to aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis without the cost and radiation risk of conventional radiologic imaging. We designed a low-cost near-infrared (NIR) device to transilluminate the maxillary sinuses. The use of NIR light allows for greater interrogation of deep-tissue structures as compared to visible light. NIR imaging of 21 patients was performed and compared with computed tomography (CT) scans. Individual maxillary sinuses were scored on a scale from 0 to 2 based on their degree of aeration present on CT and similarly based on the NIR signal penetration into the maxilla on NIR images. Our results showed that air-filled and fluid/tissue-filled spaces can be reasonably distinguished by their differing NIR signal penetration patterns, with average NIR imaging scores for fluid-filled maxillary sinuses (0.93+/-0.78, n=29) significantly lower than those for normal maxillary sinuses (1.62+/-0.57, n=13) (p=0.003). NIR imaging of the sinuses is a simple, safe, and cost-effective modality that can potentially aid in the diagnosis of sinusitis. Long-term, significant device refinement and large clinical trials will be needed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of this technique.

  19. INVASIVE FUNGAL INFECTIONS OF HEAD AND NECK: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Invasive fungal infection of the head and neck is an emerging problem with diverse presentation. It has recently gained clinical importance as it causes considerable morbidity and mortality. It is more common in patients with diabetics, chronic renal disease, patients undergoing chemotherapy etc. Early recognition of this entity will enable treating surgeon to institute appropriate treatment. AIM OF THE STUDY: To review the microbiological and clinicopathological profile of patients diagn osed as invasive fungal infections of the head and neck in a tertiary referral hospital. METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective study we reviewed the clinical data ( M icrobiology, clinical manifestations, radiological investigation, diagnosis, therapy and histolopathology of 25 patients diagnosed and treated for invasive fungal infection of the head and neck in our unit in a tertiary care hospital. The period of study was July 2006 to July 2010 (4 years. All cases with a diagnosis of invasive fungal infection of the head and neck region, confirmed either by fungal smear, culture or histopathological examination were included in the study. RESULTS: In this study, Of the 25 patients, majority had invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (52%, mucormycosis (32% and zygomycotic necrotizing fasciitis (12%. One patient had invasive subcutaneous aspergillosis. Most of the patients presented in the fifth decade of life, 86% of these patients had uncontrolled diabetes. The commonest presentation in mucormycosis was head ache or facial pain (100% along with ptosis (88%. Fungal smear was positive in 81%, fungi were isolated in culture in 54% and histopathological study was positive for fungal hyphae in all these patients (100%. Though all these patients had florid fungal infection of the head and neck only one patient had clinical and radiological evidence of cervical lymphadenitis. CONCLUSION: A clinical suspicion of mucormycosis should be kept in mind in an immunocompromised patient

  20. 中药冲洗治疗对慢性鼻窦炎鼻内镜术后术腔恢复效果的系统评价%Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Irrigation of Chronic Rhinosinusitis after Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: A Systematic Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张大铮; 刘敏; 张勤修; 李晓琴; 鲜昆仑; 李菊兰; 蔡华成; 邓宇

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) after Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS).Methods The following databases and periodicals such as PubMed (Jan.1980 to Jan.2009), MEDLINE (1980 to 2009), EBSCOhost (Jan.1975 to Jan.2009), CALIS (1984 to 2009), CNKI (1979 to 2007), VIP (1989 to 2009), CBM (1978 to 2009); Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1990 to 2008), Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1988 to 2008),Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (1990 to 2008), and Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine (1996 to 2008) were searched by computer and handwork for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about TCM to treat CRS after ESS.The trial screening, quality assessment, and the data extraction of the included trials were conducted before performing statistical analyses by using RevMan 4.2.10 software.Results A total of 32 RCTs in three sub-groups in Chinese literatures were identified with meta-analyses in comparisons of the cure rate (OR=1.99, 95%CI 1.78 to 2.23), total effective rate (OR=2.66, 95%CI 2.20 to 3.22), degree I postoperative improvement rate (OR=2.22, 95%CI 1.60 to 3.06), total postoperative improvement rate (OR=8.77, 95%CI 1.09 to 70.64), postoperative clean time (OR=2.54, 95%CI 1.70 to 3.79), postoperative epithelization time (OR= -29.46, 95%CI -37.73 to -21.18), and mucociliary transport rate (OR=1.14, 95%CI 0.22 to 2.06).A total of 4 RCTs were meta-analyzed to evaluate the safety in comparisons of gastrointestinal reaction (OR=0.25, 95%CI 0.00 to 33.78) and local reaction (OR=0.03, 95%CI 0.01 to 0.12).Conclusion The current evidence shows TCM in treating CRS after ESS tends to improve the clinical efficacy and reduce the cure time without obvious adverse reaction.Due to the low methodological quality of included trials, more RCTs with high