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Sample records for cholecystectomy

  1. Cholecystectomy for the elderly

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Liv Bjerre Juul; Harboe, Kirstine Moll; Bardram, Linda

    2014-01-01

    The number of Danish inhabitants older than 65 years is increasing, and cholecystectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed for this age group. This study aimed to analyze the role of age as an independent predictor of outcome for elderly cholecystectomy patients.......The number of Danish inhabitants older than 65 years is increasing, and cholecystectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed for this age group. This study aimed to analyze the role of age as an independent predictor of outcome for elderly cholecystectomy patients....

  2. Cholecystectomy in children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Axelsen, Anne Reiss; Rasmussen, Lars

    2010-01-01

    It is recommended that children with typical clinical signs of biliary colic should be offered surgery if gallstones are present. The aim of this study was to describe a population of children having undergone cholecystectomy.......It is recommended that children with typical clinical signs of biliary colic should be offered surgery if gallstones are present. The aim of this study was to describe a population of children having undergone cholecystectomy....

  3. Sex differences in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thesbjerg, Simon E; Harboe, Kirstine Moll; Bardram, Linda;

    2010-01-01

    Conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy may not be desirable due to the increased complication rate and prolonged convalescence. In Denmark, nationwide data show that 7.7% of the laparoscopic cholecystectomies are converted to open surgery. This article aims to document the relations...

  4. MODIFIED LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    To furtherly reduce the subxiphoid port site pain,improve the cosmetic result and patient satisfaction,and increase the safety for patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy by advanced laparoscopic knotting skill.Methods:Among our 1500 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy since 1991,120 cases of modified laparoscopic cholecystectomy (MLC) were performed with three 5-mm ports and one 10-mm port(for laparoscope and sepcien withdrawn).There were 25 male and 95 female patients with an average age of 55 years (24~77years).The indications for MLC included polypoid lesions of gallbladder (21),simple cholecystitis(3),cholecystolithiasisi with chronic cholecystitis(84),with acute suppurative cholecystitis(7),with atrophic cholecystitis(5).Results:There were 5 patients underwent combined laparoscopic appendectomy(3),fenestration of hepatic cyst(1),and drainge for liver abscess(1).The average operative time for MLC was 55 minutes(30~150min),blood loss was 10ml(3~50ml),and postoperative stay was 3 days(1~5days).There were no conversion from MLC to either LC or open surgery,without mortality.Complications were limited to two patients(1.7%).One was retained common bile duct stone and another was port site bleeding after operation.They were treated by transduodenal endoscopic stone retrieval and simple suture ligation,respecrtively.Conclusions:The advantages of MLC conducted mainly by advanced laparoscopic knotting techniques were no more laparoscope (either 2-mm or 5-mm)needed,no sacrifice of good illumination and laproscopic image.Most of all,its costeffective and operative safety were all improved furtherly.

  5. Outpatientversusinpatientlaparoscopic cholecystectomy:asinglecenterclinicalanalysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Ji; Kai Ding; Ling-Tang Li; Dan Wang; Ning Li; Jie-Shou Li

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy (OPLC) developed in the United States and other developed countries as one of the fast-track surgeries performed in ambulatory centers. However, this practice has not been installed as a routine practice in the major general hospitals and medical centers in China. We designed this case-control study to evaluate the feasibility, beneifts, and safety of OPLC. METHODS: Two hundred patients who had received laparo-scopic cholecystectomy for various benign gallbladder pathologies from April 2007 to December 2008 at Jinling Hospital of Nanjing University School of Medicine were classiifed into two groups:OPLC group (100 patients), and control group (100), who were designated for inpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy (IPLC). Data were collected for age, gender, indications for surgery, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) class, operative time, blood loss during surgery, length of hospitalization, and intra- and post-operative complications. The expenses of surgery and in-hospital care were calculated and analyzed. The operative procedures and instrumentation were standardized for laparo-scopic cholecystectomy, and the procedures were performed by two attending surgeons specialized in laparoscopic surgery. OPLC was selected according to the standard criteria developed by surgeons in our hospital after review. Reasons for conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy were recorded and documented. RESULTS:One hundred patients underwent IPLC following the selection criteria for the procedure, and 99% completed the procedure. The median operative time for IPLC was 24.0 minutes, blood loss was 16.2 ml, and the time for resuming liquid then soft diet was 10.7 hours and 22.0 hours, respectively. Only one patient had postoperative urinary infection. The mean hospital stay for IPLC was 58.2 hours, and the cost for surgery and hospitalization was 8770.5 RMB yuan on average. Follow-up showed that 90% of the

  6. Sleep after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenberg-Adamsen, S; Skarbye, M; Wildschiødtz, G;

    1996-01-01

    The sleep pattern and oxygenation of 10 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were studied on the night before operation and the first night after operation. Operations were performed during general anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia was achieved without the administration of...... opioids. There were no significant changes in the total time awake or the number of arousals on the postoperative night compared with the night before operation. During the postoperative night, we found a decrease (P = 0.02) in slow wave sleep (SWS) with a corresponding increase in stage 2 sleep (P = 0.......01). SWS was absent in four of the patients after operation, whereas in six patients it was within the normal range (5-20% of the night). The proportion of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep was not significantly changed after operation. There were no changes in arterial oxygen saturation on the postoperative...

  7. Sexual function after transvaginal cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donatsky, Anders M; Jørgensen, Lars N; Meisner, Søren;

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Despite several benefits, patients are concerned that transvaginal cholecystectomy has a negative impact on sexual health. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the impact of transvaginal cholecystectomy on postoperative dyspareunia and sexual function. METHOD: A...... literature search was performed in the PubMed and EMBASE databases. Papers reporting on postoperative dyspareunia, vaginal pain or discomfort, and sexual function were included. RESULTS: Seventeen papers reported on dyspareunia and vaginal pain or discomfort. Two papers reported a rate of de novo dyspareunia...... of 3.8% and 12.5%, respectively. One study reported a nonsignificant reduction in painful sexual intercourse and the remaining 14 reported no incidents of dyspareunia. Eight papers reported on sexual function. One paper using a nonvalidated questionnaire found impaired sexual function. The papers...

  8. Comparison of open cholecystectomy with laparoscopic cholecystectomy using latest variables of pulmonary functions as parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Comparison of open cholecystectomy with laparoscopic cholecystectomy using latest variables of pulmonary functions as parameters To compare open holecystectomy with laparoscopic cholecystectomy using latest variables of pulmonary functions as parameters. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Surgery, CMH Rawalpindi from May 2010 to Nov 2010. Patients and Methods: Patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis subjected to elective cholecystectomy were studied. The patients were divided into two groups. Open Cholecystectomy was performed on patients in group I, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in patients in group II. Respiratory function tests were performed preoperatively and on the morning of the 1st post-operative day. Results: Preoperative pulmonary function tests were normal and did not differ significantly between the two groups. After operation a significant reduction in the FEV1 (Forced Expiratory Volume in first second), FEV6 (Forced expiratory volume in first six seconds) and their ratio FEV1/FEV6 occurred after both open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, mean reductions in FEV1, FEV6 and FEV1/FEV6 in the laparoscopic cholecystectomy group were significantly (p<0.05) less as compared with those after open holecystectomy. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy causes less impairment of lung function than cholecystectomy performed through a subcostal incision. (author)

  9. Pain and convalescence after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, T; Kehlet, H; Rosenberg, J

    2001-01-01

    rather than other pain components. Early pain after cholecystectomy is reduced by minimising residual pneumoperitoneum and by giving incisional local anaesthetics, epidural analgesia, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. There are inconclusive data about type and pressure of pneumoperitoneum, the......Pain and speed of convalescence are the two main problems after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We therefore identified interventional and descriptive studies in electronic databases and supplemented them with manual searches. Pain and interventional analgesic studies were analysed with...... reference to the effects on specific pain components after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Convalescence and factors associated with early recovery were also analysed. Pain after cholecystectomy is most intense for the first 2-3 days with a high interindividual variability and dominated by incisional pain...

  10. Factors determining convalescence after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, T; Klarskov, B; Rosenberg, J; Kehlet, H

    2001-01-01

    HYPOTHESIS: Detailed information on duration and limiting factors for convalescence after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy is lacking. Duration of convalescence may be associated with patients' expectations, given recommendations, and postoperative complaints such as pain and fatigue....... DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive study. SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENTS: Two hundred consecutive patients who underwent uncomplicated elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. INTERVENTION: For sedentary, light, or moderate workload or main recreational activity, we recommended 2 days of...

  11. A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY AND LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY IN RURAL MEDICAL COLLEGE SET UP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available laparoscopic cholecystectomy has established itself as the gold standard for cholecystectomy replacing decades old open cholecystectomy. This study compared open cholecystectomy and lap chole in a medical college in rural setup and consisted of 40 patients with a diagnosis of gall stone disease, that underwent Cholecystectomy at M V J Medical College and Research Hospital from Nov 2011 T0 Oct 2013 to compare the advantages and disadvantages of both the methods. Patients with cholelithiasis proven by USG with at least one attack of upper abdominal pain were included in the study. Patients with CBD stones and aged above 70 yrs were excluded from the study. The main advantages of LC were the reduced post-operative pain with less duration of analgesic intake, more rapid recovery and reduced hospital stay

  12. Pseudoaneur ysm following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mansoor Ahmed Madanur; Narendra Battula; Harsheet Sethi; Rahul Deshpande; Nigel Heaton; Mohamed Rela

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the operation of choice for removal of the gallbladder. Unrecognized bile duct injuries present with biliary peritonitis and systemic sepsis. Bile has been shown to cause damage to the vascular wall and therefore delay the healing of injured arteries leading to pseudoaneurysm formation. Failure to deal with bile leak and secondary infection may result in pseudoaneurysm formation. This study was to report the incidence and outcomes of pseudoaneurysm in patients with bile leak following LC referred to our hospital. METHODS:A retrospective analysis of our prospectively maintained liver database using key words pseudoaneurysm, bile leak and bile duct injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy from January 2000 to December 2005 was performed. RESULTS:A total of 86 cases were referred with bile duct injury and bile leak following LC and of these, 4 patients (4.5%) developed hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP) presenting with haemobilia in 3 and massive intra-abdominal bleed in 1. Selective visceral angiography conifrmed pseudoaneurysm of the right hepatic artery in 2 cases, cystic artery stump in one and an intact but ectatic hepatic artery with surgical clips closely applied to the right hepatic artery at the origin of the cystic artery in the fourth case. Effective hemostasis was achieved in 3 patients with coil embolization and the fourth patient required emergency laparotomy for severe bleeding and hemodynamic instability due to a ruptured right hepatic artery. Of the 3 patients treated with coil embolization, 2 developed late strictures of the common hepatic duct (CHD) requiring hepatico-jejunostomy and one developed a stricture of left hepatic duct. All the 4 patients are alive at a median follow up of 17 months (range 1 to 65) with normal liver function tests. CONCLUSIONS:HAP is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of LC. Biloma and subsequent infection are reported to be associated with

  13. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in adult cystic fibrosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McGrath, D S

    2012-02-03

    Two female patients with Cystic Fibrosis, attending the Adult Regional Cystic Fibrosis centre at the Cork University Hospital, were investigated for upper abdominal pain and found to have gallstones at ultrasonography. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed successfully and, without complication, in both patients.

  14. OUTCOME FOLLOWING OPEN AND LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anmol

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available : Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has rapidly become established as the popular alternative to open cholecystectomy, but it should have a safety profile similar to or better than that of open procedure. The aim of this study was to compare conventional cholecystectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy with respect to duration of procedure, complications, postoperative pain, analgesic requirement, antibiotic requirement, resumption of normal diet and period of hospital stay.50 patients with symptoms and signs of acute acalculous/calculous cholecystitis, selected randomly, were included in this study. Clinical profile, investigations, treatments, outcomes were analyzed. The highest age incidence was in the 5th decade, more common in females. Pain in the RUQ of abdomen was the most common symptom. Ultrasonography showed gallbladder stones in almost all patients. The duration of LC (120min was more than for OC (90min. The conversion rate of LC to OC was 8%. Post- operative morbidity was more in case of LC. The antibiotic and analgesic requirements were less in LC group. The resumption of normal diet was 2 days earlier in LC compared to OC group, and the hospital stay was 4 days less in LC group. The result showed the incidence of acute calculous/acalculous cholecystitis more in females, 5th decade, presented more commonly with pain abdomen. Ultrasonography was the most common investigation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy reduces the number of antibiotic and analgesic requirement, hospital days, pain disability, wound infection, and with better cosmesis, except for the prolonged operative time, which can be minimized in due course of time as the learning curve progresses.

  15. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a clinical practice audit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate laparoscopic cholecystectomy by a clinical practice audit at Military Hospital, Rawalpindi. Study Design: Prospective study. Place and Duration of Study: Surgical department Military Hospital from Jul 2011-Dec 2013. Material and Methods: A total of 1020 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute or chronic cholecystitis and gallstone pancreatitis were included in our study while those who had previously undergone abdominal surgeries, those with high risk for general anesthesia, immunocompromised patients, with age greater than 70 years and having comorbidities like cardiac insufficiency, severe asthma, chronic liver disease with ascites and compromised renal functions were excluded from the study. Patients demographic data, operative time, intra-operative findings, intra-operative difficulties, post-operative complications, conversion rate to open cholecystectomy and post-operative recovery time were recorded. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 21. Results: Out of 1020 patients 907 were females while 113 were males with male to female ratio of 1:8.02. Age range was 20-70 with mean age of 50 ± 10.456 years. 44.7% patients presented with the clinical features of acute cholecystitis, 540 (52.94%) with chronic cholecystitis and 23 (2.28%) with acute pancreatitis. Mean operative time was 20 minutes in asymptomatic patients, while 40 minutes in acute cholecystitis and 35 minutes in chronic gallstone disease. Gall bladder perforation, bleeding from cystic artery and bile spillage were mostly encountered per-operative difficulties. Only 37 (3.6%) patients were converted to open cholecystectomy. Post-operative complications occur in only 122 (12%) patients. 938 (92%) patients were discharged within 48 hours. of surgery. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our setup has comparable results to the data available from other surgical facilities around the world and it has become a gold standard technique for the treatment of non

  16. New minimally invasive approaches for cholecystectomy: Review of literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Martin; Gaillard; Hadrien; Tranchart; Panagiotis; Lainas; Ibrahim; Dagher

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most commonlyperformed abdominal intervention in Western countries. In an attempt to reduce the invasiveness of the procedure, surgeons have developed single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy(SILC), minilaparoscopic cholecystectomy(MLC) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery(NOTES). The aim of this review was to determine the role of these new minimally invasive approaches for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of gallstone related disease. Current literature remains insufficient for the correct assessment of emerging techniques for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. None of these procedures has demonstrated clear benefits over conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. SILC cannot be currently recommended as it can be associated with an increased risk of bile duct injury and incisional hernia incidence. NOTES cholecystectomy is still experimental, although hybrid transvaginal cholecystectomy is gaining popularity in clinical practice. As it is standardized and almost identical to the standard laparoscopic technique, MLC could lead to limited benefits without exposing patients to increased postoperative complications, being therefore adoptable for routine elective cholecystectomy. Technical challenges of SILC and NOTES cholecystectomy could be addressed with the evolution of new surgical tools that need to catch up with the innovative minds of surgeons. Regardless the place of these approaches in the future, robotization may be necessary to impose them as standard treatment.

  17. Cholecystectomy and adenomatous polyps of the large bowel.

    OpenAIRE

    Llamas, K J; Torlach, L G; Ward, M.; Bain, C.

    1986-01-01

    Seventy two patients (39 women) with colonic adenomas were compared with 72 adenoma free controls (39 women) to investigate the possible association between previous cholecystectomy and the subsequent development of adenomas. Data were gathered retrospectively from medical records. Overall there was no significant association between colonic adenomas and previous cholecystectomy. When women are considered separately, however, eight cases and no controls had undergone cholecystectomy (odds rat...

  18. Pediatric Cholecystectomy: Clinical Significance of Cases Unrelated to Hematologic Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Hae-Young; Kim, Soo-Hong; Cho, Yong-Hoon

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Cholecystectomy is rarely performed in the child and adolescent. However, it is associated with several conditions. This study was conducted to describe the characteristics of pediatric patient who underwent cholecystectomy unrelated to hematologic disorders, and then to suggest its clinical significance in management by comparing a simple and complicated gallbladder disease. Methods We reviewed cases of cholecystectomy in pediatric patients (under 18 years old) at a single institutio...

  19. Influencing factors on postoperative hospital stay after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Chong, Jae Uk; Lee, Jin Ho; Yoon, Young Chul; Kwon, Kuk Hwan; Cho, Jai Young; Kim, Say-Jun; Kim, Jae Keun; Kim, Sung Hoon; Choi, Sae Byeol; Kim, Kyung Sik

    2016-01-01

    Backgrounds/Aims Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can reduce postoperative pain and recovery time. However, some patients experience prolonged postoperative hospital stay. We aimed to identify factors influencing the postoperative hospital stay after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Patients (n=336) undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder pathology at 8 hospitals were enrolled and divided into 2 groups: 2 or less and more than 2 days postoperative stay. Perioperative factors ...

  20. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF LAPAROSCOPIC VERSUS OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gopal Rao

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The model era of Laparoscopic Surgery has evoked remarkable changes in approaches to surgical diseases. The trend toward minimal access surgery (MAS has prompted General surgeons to scrutinize nearly all operations for possible convention to Laparoscopic techniques. AIM OF THE STUDY : Our aim of the study is to compare Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with that of open cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS : In our Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital we are doing both Open and Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, this is done between October 2011 – October 2013. In this period we have done 146 cholecystectomy, out of which 96 are Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy to compare with 50 cases of Open cholecystectomy. RESULTS : Conversation rate Laparoscopic to Open is 8%. Duration of Surgery : Open (90Min, Lap (120Min. Average post of antibiotics : Open (7 days, Laparoscopic ( 4 days. Average post - op resumption of normal diet Open (5 days, lap (3 days. Average post of hospital stay : Open (10days, Lap (5days. CONCLUSION : In our study the Laparoscopic cholecystectomy surpasses the open cholecystectomy. The only disadvantage is the prolonged operative time, which can be minimized in due course of time as the learning curve progresses. We have also found that the conversion to open cholecystectomy should be done in proper time without any hesitation in case of complications that could not be managed laparoscopic surgery and conversion in such case reflects sound judgment and should not be considered as a complication.

  1. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy--can conversion be predicted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sikora, S S; Kumar, A; Saxena, R; Kapoor, V K; Kaushik, S P

    1995-01-01

    The possibility of conversion to open cholecystectomy (OC) always exists while performing a laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). This study has been performed with the aim of identifying factors predicting conversion to OC. From October 1992-April 1994, LC was attempted in 150 patients and conversion to OC was required in 29 (19%) patients. Ten preoperative factors were analyzed retrospectively to identify parameters significantly correlating with conversion to OC. Preoperative factors analyzed were age, sex, duration of symptoms, BMI (Body Mass Index), past history of jaundice, previous abdominal surgery, associated medical risk factors, palpable lump on clinical examination, USG, and OCG findings. Univariate and multiple stepwise regression analysis identified male sex, USG finding of contracted/thick-walled gall bladder, and a palpable gall bladder lump on examination as significant preoperative factors predicting conversion to OC. PMID:8553679

  2. Sepsis from dropped clips at laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report seven patients in whom five dropped surgical clips and two gallstones were visualized in the peritoneal cavity, on radiological studies. In two, subphrenic abscesses and empyemas developed as a result of dropped clips into the peritoneal cavity during or following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In one of these two, a clip was removed surgically from the site of an abscess. In two other patients dropped gallstones, and in three, dropped clips led to no complications. These were seen incidentally on studies done for other indications. Abdominal abscess secondary to dropped gallstones is a well-recognized complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). We conclude that even though dropped surgical clips usually do not cause problems, they should be considered as a risk additional to other well-known causes of post-LC abdominal sepsis

  3. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Rate and predictors for conversion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merdad Adnan

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC was attempted in 847 patients, 823 (97.2% were completed laparoscopically and 24 (2.8% had to be converted to open cholecystectomy (OC. Acute cholecystitis was the commonest reason for conversion (13 out of 24 patients. Patients who had acute cholecystitis are five times at risk for conversion to open than other patients with non-acute cholecystitis (p< 0.00I . Age and sex were not statistically significant predictors for conversion. There were no mortalities and no major bile duct injuries in our series. These data confirms the safety of LC, identify factors which predicts conversion to OC and may be helpful in selecting patients for day care ambulatory LC.

  4. [Laparascopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokin, A N; Chistiakov, A A; Mamalygina, L A; Zheliabin, D G; Osokin, G Iu

    2008-01-01

    Experience of diagnostics and treatment of 758 patients with acute cholecystitis was summarized. Authors attach the main importance to evaluation of ultrasound data and functional condition of respiratory and cardio-vascular sistem choosing the method of surgical treatment. Sparse use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in treatment of acute cholecystitis compared with chronic may be explouned by presence of complications in patients which make problems in differentiation of tubular structures during the operation. Authors offered to use ultrasound dissection for clear identification of tubular structures and argon coagulation for hemostasis and safe mobilization of gall bladder. Stick to suggested tactics authors practically doubled the amount of performed laparoscopic cholecystectomies reducing at the same time the frequency of complications. PMID:19301492

  5. Traumatic Gallbladder Rupture Treated by Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egawa, Noriyuki; Ueda, Junji; Hiraki, Masatsugu; Ide, Takao; Inoue, Satoshi; Sakamoto, Yuichiro; Noshiro, Hirokazu

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Gallbladder rupture due to blunt abdominal injury is rare. There are few reports of traumatic gallbladder injury, and it is commonly associated with other concomitant visceral injuries. Therefore, it is difficult to diagnose traumatic gallbladder rupture preoperatively when it is caused by blunt abdominal injury. We report a patient who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy after an exact preoperative diagnosis of traumatic gallbladder rupture. A 43-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to blunt abdominal trauma. The day after admission, abdominal pain and ascites increased and a muscular defense sign appeared. Percutaneous drainage of the ascites was performed, and the aspirated fluid was bloody and almost pure bile. He was diagnosed with gallbladder rupture by the cholangiography using the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography technique. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed safely, and he promptly recovered. If accumulated fluids contain bile, endoscopic cholangiography is useful not only to diagnose gallbladder injury but also to determine the therapeutic strategy. PMID:27462188

  6. Budd–Chiari Syndrome Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Amarapurkar, Pooja D.; Parekh, Sunil J.; Sundeep, Punamiya; Amarapurkar, Deepak N.

    2013-01-01

    Patients with thrombophilic disorder while undergoing intra-abdominal surgery may develop splanchnic vein thrombosis which can have dire consequences. Here we report a case of a 38-year-old female who developed acute Budd–Chiari syndrome after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. She had polycythemia vera which was not diagnosed before surgery. In this report we want to highlight presurgical evaluation of routine biochemical tests and ultrasonography suggestive of myeloproliferative disorders were...

  7. Critical View of Safety During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Vettoretto, Nereo; Saronni, Cristiano; Harbi, Asaf; Balestra, Luca; Taglietti, Lucio; Giovanetti, Maurizio

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has a 0.3% to 0.5% morbidity rate due to major biliary injuries. The majority of surgeons have routinely performed the so-called “infundibular” technique for gallbladder hilar dissection since the introduction of laparoscopy in the early nineties. The “critical view of safety” approach has only been recently discussed in controlled studies. It is characterized by a blunt dissection of the upper part of Calot's space, which does not usual...

  8. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy perioperative management: an update

    OpenAIRE

    Jakobsson, Jan

    2015-01-01

    Irene Sellbrant,1 Gustaf Ledin,2 Jan G Jakobsson2 1Department of Anaesthesia, Capio Lundby, Gothenburg, 2Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Institution for Clinical Science, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyds Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden Abstract: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most common general surgical procedures. The aim of the present paper is to review current evidence and well-established practice for elective laparoscopic perioperative management. There is no fir...

  9. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy by Sectorisation of Port Sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objectives: To evaluate the results of 160 consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomy using sectorisation based port site selection to improve ergonomics for surgeons. Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of study: PNS Shifa Karachi, Pakistan from Feb 2011 to Feb 2012. Patients and Methods: In this prospective study, 160 consecutive patients had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a tertiary care hospital using sectorisation for trocar placement. All patients with symptomatic gallstones, acute calculous cholecystitis and empyema gallbladder were included. Patients with choledocholithiasis were excluded from the study. The collected data included age, sex, diagnosis, history of previous surgery, conversion to open surgery and its reasons, operative time, post-operative hospital stay, complications and laparoscopy related complications to the surgeon such as shoulder pain, wrist stress and pain, finger joint pain and stress exhaustion. Result: One hundred and sixty patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with mean age 45 +- 12.9 years. Female to male ratio was 7.8:1. A total of 110 patients had chronic cholecystitis / biliary colic, 34 patients were with acute cholecystitis and 16 patients had diagnosis of empyema gallbladder. The mean operative time was 35.3+-14.6 min. Conversion rate to open surgery was 1.2%. Complications included bleeding from cystic artery (n=1) and injury to common hepatic duct (CHD) (n=1). One patient developed port site hernia post operatively. There was no incidence of laparoscopy related complications in surgeon such as pain shoulder, strains on the wrist joint, stress exhaustion and hand-finger joint pain. Conclusion: Sectorisation technique can be used in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in order to avoid the physical constraints of laparoscopic shoulder, hand finger joint pain, tenosynovitis, stress exhaustion, and hand muscle injury without increasing any morbidity to the patients. (author)

  10. Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors describe a hepatic pseudoaneurysm following laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a child. It arose from a hepatic artery that was ligated during surgery and was supplied by collaterals from the superior right branch. Because of the risk of hepatic infarction and recanalization of the pseudoaneurysm by new collaterals, the authors decided not to occlude the superior right branch, but to embolize the aneurysm itself with cyanoacrylate. Since the intra-arterial approach was not feasible, a transhepatic puncture was successfully performed. (orig.)

  11. Imaging of the complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohan, Derek; Walsh, Sinead; McLoughlin, Raymond; Murphy, Joseph [University College Hospital, Department of Radiology, Galway (Ireland)

    2005-05-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has, in recent years, emerged as the gold standard therapeutic option for the management of uncomplicated symptomatic cholelithiasis. Each year, up to 700,000 of these procedures are performed in the United States alone. While the relative rate of post-procedural complications is low, the popularity of this method of gallbladder removal is such that this entity is not uncommonly clinically encountered, and therefore must be borne in mind by the investigating physician. By way of pictorial review, we explore the radiological appearances of a variety of potential complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The radiological appearances of each shall be illustrated in turn using several imaging modalities, including ultrasound, computed tomography, MR cholangiography and radio-isotope scintigraphy. From calculus retention to portal vein laceration, bile duct injury to infected dropped calculi, we illustrate numerous potential complications of this procedure, as well as indicating the most suitable imaging modalities available for the detection of these adverse outcomes. As one of the most commonly performed intra-abdominal surgeries, laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the complications thereof are not uncommonly encountered. Awareness of the possible presence of these numerous complications, including their radiological appearances, makes early detection more likely, with resultant improved patient outcome. (orig.)

  12. Imaging of the complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has, in recent years, emerged as the gold standard therapeutic option for the management of uncomplicated symptomatic cholelithiasis. Each year, up to 700,000 of these procedures are performed in the United States alone. While the relative rate of post-procedural complications is low, the popularity of this method of gallbladder removal is such that this entity is not uncommonly clinically encountered, and therefore must be borne in mind by the investigating physician. By way of pictorial review, we explore the radiological appearances of a variety of potential complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The radiological appearances of each shall be illustrated in turn using several imaging modalities, including ultrasound, computed tomography, MR cholangiography and radio-isotope scintigraphy. From calculus retention to portal vein laceration, bile duct injury to infected dropped calculi, we illustrate numerous potential complications of this procedure, as well as indicating the most suitable imaging modalities available for the detection of these adverse outcomes. As one of the most commonly performed intra-abdominal surgeries, laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the complications thereof are not uncommonly encountered. Awareness of the possible presence of these numerous complications, including their radiological appearances, makes early detection more likely, with resultant improved patient outcome. (orig.)

  13. The study of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and its conversion to open cholecystectomy: analysis of 100 cases in Navi Mumbai, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nandkishor Narwade

    2015-12-01

    Results: Out of the 100 cases 98 got successfully operated by Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Only 2 cases out of 100 got converted from Laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy and they belonged to grade E with empyema. Conclusions: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the procedure of choice for management of symptomatic gall bladder. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy intra operatively for grade A to E where Grade A is very easy level of performing Gall bladder surgery to Grade E where conversion is 100% due to bad. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(12.000: 3586-3590

  14. Chylous ascites post open cholecystectomy after severe pancreatitis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cheung, Cherry X

    2012-05-01

    Chylous ascites a rare complication post cholecystectomy. There are to our knowledge only 3 reported cases in the literature. We describe a case of chylous ascites post open cholecystectomy in a patient with recent severe pancreatitis. We propose a potential relationship between acute biliary pancreatitis and the development of chylous ascites.

  15. Nationwide quality improvement of cholecystectomy: results from a national database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harboe, Kirstine M; Bardram, Linda

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate whether quality improvements in the performance of cholecystectomy have been achieved in Denmark since 2006, after revision of the Danish National Guidelines for treatment of gallstones.......To evaluate whether quality improvements in the performance of cholecystectomy have been achieved in Denmark since 2006, after revision of the Danish National Guidelines for treatment of gallstones....

  16. Preemptive analgesia with ketamine for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harsimran Singh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of preemptive analgesia is to reduce central sensitization that arises from noxious inputs across the entire perioperative period. N-methyl d-aspartate receptor antagonists have the potential for attenuating central sensitization and preventing central neuroplasticity. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized into four groups of 20 patients each, who were administered the study drug intravenously 30 min before incision. Groups A, B, and C received ketamine in a dose of 1.00, 0.75 and 0.50 mg/kg, respectively, whereas group D received isotonic saline. Anesthetic and surgical techniques were standardized. Postoperatively, the degree of pain at rest, movement, and deep breathing using visual analogue scale, time of request for first analgesic, total opioid consumption, and postoperative nausea and vomiting were recorded in postanesthesia care unit for 24 h. Results: Pain scores were highest in Group D at 0 h. Groups A, B, and C had significantly decreased postoperative pain scores at 0, 0.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 12 h. Postoperative analgesic consumption was significantly less in groups A, B, and C as compared with group D. There was no significant difference in the pain scores among groups A, B, and C. Group A had a significantly higher heart rate and blood pressure than groups B and C at 0 and 0.5 h along with 10% incidence of hallucinations. Conclusion: Preemptive ketamine has a definitive role in reducing postoperative pain and analgesic requirement in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The lower dose of 0.5 mg/kg being devoid of any adverse effects and hemodynamic changes is an optimal dose for preemptive analgesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  17. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy perioperative management: an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sellbrant I

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Irene Sellbrant,1 Gustaf Ledin,2 Jan G Jakobsson2 1Department of Anaesthesia, Capio Lundby, Gothenburg, 2Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Institution for Clinical Science, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyds Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden Abstract: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most common general surgical procedures. The aim of the present paper is to review current evidence and well-established practice for elective laparoscopic perioperative management. There is no firm evidence for best anesthetic technique, further high quality studies assessing short as well as more protracted outcomes are needed. Preventive multi-modal analgesia, combining non-opioid analgesics, paracetamol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or coxib, and local anesthesia, has a long history. Local anesthesia improves postoperative pain and facilitates discharge on the day of surgery. Whether transversus abdominis plane-block has clinically important advantages compared to local infiltration analgesia needs further studies. Single intravenous dose steroid, dexamethasone, reduces postoperative nausea and vomiting, pain, and enhances the recovery process. Multi-modal analgesia is reassuringly safe thus having a positive benefit versus risk profile. Adherence to modern guidelines avoiding prolonged fasting and liberal intravenous fluid regime supports rapid recovery. The effects of CO2 insufflation must be acknowledged and low intra-abdominal pressure should be sought in order to reduce negative cardiovascular/respiratory effects. There is no firm evidence supporting heating and humidification of the insufflated gas. The potential risk for CO2/gas entrainment into vasaculture, gas emboli, or subcutaneous/intra-thoracic into the pleural space must be kept in mind. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in ASA 1-2 patients following a multi-modal enhanced recovery protocol promotes high success rate for discharge on the day of surgery. Keywords: laparoscopic

  18. [Complicated course of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dralle, H; Neu, J; Köckerling, F; Klee, F; Büchler, M W

    2015-09-01

    The case presented deals with the complicated course of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a 45-year-old female patient due to cholecystolithiasis. The patient complained that during the operation an injury to the small intestine occurred, which was only operatively treated at midday of the despite massive pain and insufficient pain treatment. The intervention was claimed to have resulted in mental and physical suffering. The case is assessed by two independent experts in the sense of a "scientifically founded comment" with respect to the decision of the arbitration board and taking the surgical standards into consideration. PMID:26315012

  19. Predicting Difficult Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Based on Clinicoradiological Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udachan, Tejaswini V; Sasnur, Prasad; Baloorkar, Ramakanth; Sindgikar, Vikram; Narasangi, Basavaraj

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis. However, of all Laparoscopic cholecystectomies, 1-13% requires conversion to an open for various reasons. Thus, for surgeons it would be helpful to establish criteria that would predict difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy and conversion preoperatively. But there is no clear consensus among the laparoscopic surgeons regarding the parameters predicting the difficult dissection and conversion to open cholecystectomy. Aim To assess the clinical and radiological parameters for predicting the difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy and its conversion. Materials and Methods This was a prospective study conducted from October 2010 to October 2014. Total of 180 patients meeting the inclusion criteria undergoing LC were included in the study. Four parameters were assessed to predict the difficult LC. These parameters were: 1) Gallbladder wall thickness; 2) Pericholecystic fluid collection; 3) Number of attacks; 4) Total leucocyte count. The statistical analysis was done using Z-test. Results Out of 180 patients included in this study 126 (70%) were easy, 44 (24.44%) were difficult and 3 (5.56%) patients required conversion to open cholecystectomy. The overall conversion rate was 5.6%. The TLC>11000, more than 2 previous attacks of cholecystitis, GB wall thickness of >3mm and Pericholecystic collection were all statistically significant for predicting the difficult LC and its conversion. Conclusion The difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy and conversion to open surgery can be predicted preoperatively based on number of previous attacks of cholecystitis, WBC count, Gall bladder wall thickness and Pericholecystic collection. PMID:26816942

  20. Radiological biliary tract diagnosis after cholecystectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schindler, G.; Kueper, K.

    1982-01-01

    Fifty-three patients with biliary symptoms were studied at least four years after cholecystectomy by isotope techniques. There was a highly significant correlation between symptoms and disturbances of bile flow, such as dyskinesia or obstruction. There was no correlation with serum enzyme levels such as gamma-GT, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin or transaminases. Measurements of the diameter of the bile duct on cholangiograms provided no evidence of obstruction up to 15 mm, although a diameter in excess of 10 mm. made obstruction likely. The upper value for 'normal' bile flow derived from hilar flow curves of patients without dyskinesia showed a half value period of 27.5 minutes. The disturbances of flow demonstrated by isotope methods in the presence of typical symptoms, and without other pathological findings, indicate a pre-clinical stage of a partly compensated biliodynamic insufficiency. Where there is no morphological evidence of biliary obstruction, one must assume inflammatory changes round the papilla of Vater; these are frequent even in normal biliary tracts and almost always present after cholecystectomy. Quantitative hepato-biliary scintigraphy is the most reliable method for objective measurement of disturbances of bile flow and make it possible to avoid the vague diagnosis of 'postcholecystectomy syndrome'.

  1. Increased Risk of Depressive Disorder following Cholecystectomy for Gallstones.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Chieh Tsai

    Full Text Available Prior studies indicate a possible association between depression and cholecystectomy, but no study has compared the risk of post-operative depressive disorders (DD after cholecystectomy. This retrospective follow-up study aimed to examine the relationship between cholecystectomy and the risk of DD in patients with gallstones in a population-based database.Using ambulatory care data from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, 6755 patients who received a first-time principal diagnosis of gallstones at the emergency room (ER were identified. Among them, 1197 underwent cholecystectomy. Each patient was then individually followed-up for two years to identify those who were later diagnosed with DD. Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to estimate the risk of developing DD between patients with gallstone who did and those who did not undergo cholecystectomy.Of 6755 patients with gallstones, 173 (2.56% were diagnosed with DD during the two-year follow-up. Among patients who did and those who did not undergo cholecystectomy, 3.51% and 2.36% later developed depressive disorder, respectively. After adjusting for the patient's sex, age and geographic location, the hazard ratio (HR of DD within two years of gallstone diagnosis was 1.43 (95% CI, 1.02-2.04 for patients who underwent cholecystectomy compared to those who did not. Females, but not males, had a higher the adjusted HR of DD (1.61; 95% CI, 1.08-2.41 for patients who underwent cholecystectomy compared to those who did not.There is an association between cholecystectomy and subsequent risk of DD among females, but not in males.

  2. The outcomes of SILS cholecystectomy in comparison with classic four-trocar laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Kurpiewski, Waldemar; Pesta, Wiesław; Kowalczyk, Marek; Głowacki, Leszek; Juśkiewicz, Wit; Szynkarczuk, Rafał; Snarska, Jadwiga; Stanowski, Edward

    2012-01-01

    Introduction General approval of laparoscopy as well as persistent urge to minimize operative trauma with still existing difficulties in putting natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) into practice have contributed to the introduction of laparoscopic operations through one incision in the umbilicus named single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). Aim The main aim of this study was to assess the benefits to patients of applying SILS cholecystectomy as a method of gallbladder...

  3. No difference in incidence of port-site hernia and chronic pain after single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Mette W; Brandt, Erik; Oehlenschläger, Jacob; Rosenberg, Jacob; Helgstrand, Frederik; Jørgensen, Lars N; Bardram, Linda; Bisgaard, Thue

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) is regarded as the gold standard for cholecystectomy. However, single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC) has been suggested to replace CLC. This study aimed at comparing long-term incidences of port-site hernia and chronic pain...

  4. Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for people with acute cholecystitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Davidson, Christopher; Gluud, Christian; Davidson, Brian R

    2013-01-01

    Gallstones are present in about 10% to 15% of the adult western population. Between 1% and 4% of these adults become symptomatic in a year (the majority due to biliary colic but a significant proportion due to acute cholecystitis). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is mainly...... performed after the acute cholecystitis episode settles because of the fear of higher morbidity and of need for conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy. However, delaying surgery exposes the people to gallstone-related complications....

  5. Abdominal drainage following cholecystectomy: high, low, or no suction?

    OpenAIRE

    McCormack, T. T.; Abel, P. D.; Collins, C.D.

    1983-01-01

    A prospective trial to assess the effect of suction in an abdominal drain following cholecystectomy was carried out. Three types of closed drainage system were compared: a simple tube drain, a low negative pressure drain, and a high negative pressure drain: 120 consecutive patients undergoing cholecystectomy were randomly allocated to one of the three drainage groups. There was no significant difference in postoperative pyrexia, wound infection, chest infection, or hospital stay. This study f...

  6. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy – is there a need to convert?

    OpenAIRE

    Singh Kuldip; Ohri Ashish

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The difficult gallbladder is the most common ′difficult′ laparoscopic surgery being performed by general surgeons all over the world and the potential one that places the patient at significant risk. We present our experience of 6147 cases since January 1993 in a single center with respect to conversion to open cholecystectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) from January 1993 to December 2004 were analyzed. The cases were analy...

  7. Large Subcapsular Liver Hematoma Following Single-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Adam J.; Augenstein, Julie; Ong, Evan S

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Many laparoscopic surgeons are now transitioning from standard multiple-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy to single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in an attempt to improve cosmetic outcomes and decrease postoperative morbidity. However, little has been published regarding the potential complications of SILS operations. Methods: We report the case of a patient undergoing SILS cholecystectomy who developed the complication of a large hepatic hematoma, resulting ...

  8. Effect of intravenous esmolol on analgesic requirements in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Ritima Dhir; Mirley Rupinder Singh; Tej Kishan Kaul; Anurag Tewari; Ripul Oberoi

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims: Perioperative beta blockers are also being advocated for modulation of acute pain and reduction of intraoperative anesthetic requirements. This study evaluated the effect of perioperative use of esmolol, an ultra short acting beta blocker, on anesthesia and modulation of post operative pain in patients of laproscopic cholecystectomy. Material and Methods: Sixty adult ASA I & II grade patients of either sex, scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anes...

  9. Techniques of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Nomenclature and selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjiv P Haribhakti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available There are more than 50 different techniques of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC available in literature mainly due to modifications by surgeons in aim to improve postoperative outcome and cosmesis. These modifications include reduction in port size and/or number than what is used in standard LC. There is no uniform nomenclature to describe these different techniques so that it is not possible to compare the outcomes of different techniques. We brief the advantages and disadvantages of each of these techniques and suggest the situation where particular technique would be useful. We also propose a nomenclature which is easy to remember and apply, so that any future comparison will be possible between the techniques.

  10. Health-related quality of life outcomes after cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Amedeo Carraro; Dania EI Mazloum; Florian Bihl

    2011-01-01

    Gallbladder diseases are very common in developed countries. Complicated gallstone disease represents the most frequent of biliary disorders for which surgery is regularly advocated. As regards, cholecystectomy represents a common abdominal surgical intervention; it can be performed as either an elective intervention or emergency surgery, in the case of gangrene, perforation, peritonitis or sepsis. Nowadays, the laparoscopic approach is preferred over open laparotomy. Globally, numerous cholecystectomies are performed daily; however, little evidence exists regarding assessment of post-surgical quality of life (QOL) following these interventions. To assess post-cholecystectomy QOL, in fact, documentation of high quality care has been subject to extended discussions, and the use of patient-reported outcome satisfaction for quality improvement has been advocated for several years. However, there has been little research published regarding QOL outcomes following cholecystectomy; in addition, much of the current literature lacks systematic data on patient-centered outcomes. Then, although several tools have been used to measure QOL after cholecystectomy, difficulty remains in selecting meaningful parameters in order to obtain reproducible data to reflect postoperative QOL. The aim of this study was to review the impact of surgery for gallbladder diseases on QOL. This review includes Medline searches of current literature on QOL following cholecystectomy. Most studies demonstrated that symptomatic patients profited more from surgery than patients receiving an elective intervention. Thus, the gain in QOL depends on the general conditions before surgery, and patients without symptoms profit less or may even have a reduction in QOL.

  11. A STUDY OF PREDICTIVE FACTORS IN LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY DETERMINING CONVERSION TO OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BODY MASS INDEX

    OpenAIRE

    Gaurav; Deepak; Vishal; Dhanesh; Nivesh; Garg

    2015-01-01

    Laparosco pic cholecystectomy is regarded /considered as the gold standard treatment for symptomatic gall stone disease. Beside the advantages of decreased postoperative pain, better cosmetic results, decreased length of hospital stay, early return to work and decreased total hospital cost; the pr ocedure is also associated with a definitive learning curve. There are many preoperative factors that can predict a difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy which includes both cl...

  12. Biliary leaks after laparoscopic cholecystectomy:timetostentortimetodrain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haim Pinkas; Patrick G. Brady

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopan-creatography (ERCP) with placement of a biliary stent or nasobiliary (NB) drain is the procedure of choice for treatment of post-cholecystectomy bile duct leaks. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of NB drainage versus internal biliary stenting on rates of leak closure, time elapsed until drain or stent removal, length of hospital stay and number of required endoscopic procedures. METHODS: Charts were reviewed on 20 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy complicated by Luschka or cystic duct leak. Ten patients were treated with NB drains connected to low intermittent suction and repeat NB cholangiograms were performed until leak closure was observed. Ten patients were treated with internal biliary stents. Biliary sphincterotomies were performed for stone extraction or a presumed papillary stenosis. Large bilomas were drained percutaneously prior to stenting. RESULTS: In all 20 patients, a cholangiogram and successful placement of a NB drain or internal stent was achieved. Four patients (20%) were found to have bile duct stones, which were extracted following a sphincterotomy. Sixteen patients required percutaneous drains to evacuate large bilomas prior to biliary instrumentation. Fifteen cystic duct leaks and 5 Luschka duct leaks were reviewed. There were no complications related to ERCP. Closure of the leak was documented within 2 to 11 days (mean 4.7±0.9 days) in patients receiving a NB drain. The drains were removed non-endoscopically following leak closure. The internal stent group required stenting for 14 to 53 days (mean 29.1±4.4 days). The stent was then removed endoscopically after documentation of leak closure. Bile leaks following laparoscopic cholecystectomy closed rapidly after NB drainage and did not require repeat endoscopy for removal of the NB drain, resulting in fewer ERCPs required for treatment of biliary leaks. Internal biliary stents were in place longer owing

  13. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: An Experience of 200 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay K. Bhasin, J.G. Langer.

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The surgical management of gallstones has been revolutionized after the advent of laparoscopiccholecystectomysince 1985/87. This minimally invasive technique has virtually become the goldstandard in the management of cholelithiasis. We share our experience of 200 cases of laparoscopiccholecystectomyperformed in symptomatic cholelithiasis over a period of five years from 1998 to2002 in Govt. Medical College, Jammu. There were 32 males and 168 females in the study group.Maximum age of the patients was 65-yr and minimum 17-yr. Patients with high-risk medical problems;deranged LFT, CBD stones and acute cholecystitis were excluded from this study. Average operationtime was 61.3 minute (40-130 mt, post-operative analgesic used were 3.02 doses per patient (2-15doses, post-operative hospital stay was 4.34 days (2-26 days and time to return to work was 13.2days (10-40 days. Rate of conversion to conventional-cholecystectomy was 4%. There was nomortality and negligible/acceptable morbidity. No complications were observed in the follow up periodranging from 2 weeks to 6 months. The patients were quite satisfied with the outcome of the procedure.

  14. Risk factors for conversion to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy in single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung Gon; Moon, Ju Ik; Lee, Sang Eok; Sung, Nak Song; Chun, Ki Won; Lee, Hye Yoon; Yoon, Dae Sung; Choi, Won Jun

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for conversion to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) in single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) along with the proposal for procedure selection guidelines in treating patients with benign gallbladder (GB) diseases. Methods SILC was performed in 697 cases between April 2010 and July 2014. Seventeen cases (2.4%) underwent conversion to conventional LC. We compared these 2 groups and analyzed the risk factors for conversion to CLC. Results In univariate analysis, American Society of Anesthesiologist score > 3, preoperative percutaneous transhepatic GB drainage status and pathology (acute cholecystitis or GB empyema) were significant risk factors for conversion (P = 0.010, P = 0.019 and P multivariate analysis, pathology (acute cholecystitis or GB empyema) was significant risk factors for conversion to CLC in SILC (P < 0.001). Conclusion Although SILC is a feasible method for most patients with benign GB disease, CLC has to be considered in patients with acute cholecystitis or GB empyema because it is likely to result in inadequate visualization of the Calot's triangle and greater bleeding risk.

  15. Pain and dyspepsia after elective and acute cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Middelfart, H V; Kristensen, J U; Laursen, C N; Qvist, N; Højgaard, L; Funch-Jensen, P; Kehlet, H

    1998-01-01

    and dyspepsia 5-10 years after cholecystectomy in 345 (222 women, 123 men) patients cholecystectomized for acute cholecystitis and in a control group of 296 (213 women, 83 men) patients cholecystectomized for uncomplicated symptomatic gallbladder stones. RESULTS: Of 641 questionnaires, 534 (83%) were...... completed. Complaints of abdominal pain and dyspepsia were found with similar frequencies in the acute cholecystitis and gallstone groups. Women had abdominal pain more often than men (42% versus 29%) (P = 0.01). Although more than one-third complained of abdominal pain after cholecystectomy, 93% had...... improved or were cured. CONCLUSION: The outcome after cholecystectomy seems to be independent of the underlying gallbladder disease (acute cholecystitis or elective operations for gallstones)....

  16. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in situs inversus totalis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blake Geoffrey

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the commonest surgical procedures carried out in the world today. Occasionally patients present with undiagnosed situs inversus and acute cholecystitis. We discuss one such case and outline how the diagnosis was made and the pitfalls encountered during surgery and how they were overcome. Case presentation A 32 year old female presented to our department with epigastric pain radiating through to the back. A diagnosis of acute cholecystitis in a patient with situs inversus totalis was made following clinical examination and radiological investigation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was subsequently performed and the patient made an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Situs inversus presenting with acute cholecystitis is very rare. The surgeon must appreciate that care should be taken to set up the operating theatre in the mirror image of the normal set-up for cholecystectomy, and that right handed surgeons must modify their technique to adapt to the mirror image anatomy.

  17. Preoperative prediction model of outcome after cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borly, L; Anderson, I B; Bardram, Linda; Christensen, E; Sehested, Ane; Kehlet, H; Matzen, Peter; Rehfeld, J F; Stage, P; Toftdahl, D B; Gernow, A; Højgaard, L

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND: After cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstone disease 20%-30% of the patients continue to have abdominal pain. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative variables could predict the symptomatic outcome after cholecystectomy. METHODS: One hundred and two patients...... were referred to elective cholecystectomy in a prospective study. Median age was 45 years; range, 20-81 years. A preoperative questionnaire on pain, symptoms, and history was completed, and the questions on pain and symptoms were repeated 1 year postoperatively. Preoperative cholescintigraphy and...... sonography evaluated gallbladder motility, gallstones, and gallbladder volume. Preoperative variables in patients with or without postcholecystectomy pain were compared statistically, and significant variables were combined in a logistic regression model to predict the postoperative outcome. RESULTS: Eighty...

  18. The quality of cholecystectomy in Denmark has improved over 6-year period

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothman, Josephine Philip; Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans Christian;

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: The Danish Cholecystectomy Database (DCD) was a nationwide quality database that existed from 2006 to 2011. The main goal (indicators) for the database was to increase the quality of cholecystectomy in Denmark by (1) reducing the number of primary open cholecystectomies, (2) increasing the...... patients treated with cholecystectomy in the period from 2006 to 2011. The indicators were analyzed over time as a measure of quality of cholecystectomy and analyzed using chi-square statistics. RESULTS: A total of 37,317 patients were included in the study. The registration rate in the DCD was around 90...

  19. A Case of Persistent Hiccup after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Grifoni

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 79-year-old man, with history of recent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, came to our attention for persistent hiccup, dysphonia, and dysphagia. Noninvasive imaging studies showed a nodular lesion in the right hepatic lobe with transdiaphragmatic infiltration and increased tracer uptake on positron emission tomography. Suspecting a malignant lesion and given the difficulty of performing a percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, the patient underwent surgery. Histological analysis of surgical specimen showed biliary gallstones surrounded by exudative inflammation, resulting from gallbladder rupture and gallstones spillage as a complication of the previous surgical intervention. This case highlights the importance of considering such rare complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  20. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CHEMICAL CHOLECYSTECTOMY: OBSERVATION OF PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective: TO verify through animal experiment the validity of chemical cholecystectomy . Methods: The experimental objects seven healthy juvenile pigs,hardener was infused into the gallbladder,after infusion the samples were collected by pathoiogical examination , according to the different duration under anesthestize. Reslts:The mucous destructive and digestive process remained with one week, the inflammatory reacton in two weeks,the chronic inflatoy reaction compained a a great deal of granu lation tissue and scar formation occurred in 4th-8th week,10 weeks latter,the inflmmatory reaction reduced ,and scar tissue formed. Conclusion: Chemical cholecystectomy is safe and reliable in clinical.

  1. A STUDY OF PREDICTIVE FACTORS IN LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY DETERMINING CONVERSION TO OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BODY MASS INDEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Laparosco pic cholecystectomy is regarded /considered as the gold standard treatment for symptomatic gall stone disease. Beside the advantages of decreased postoperative pain, better cosmetic results, decreased length of hospital stay, early return to work and decreased total hospital cost; the pr ocedure is also associated with a definitive learning curve. There are many preoperative factors that can predict a difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy which includes both clinical (Increasing age, male sex, history of acute pancreatitis and ultrason ological factors (Contracted gall bladder, thickened gall bladder wall, impacted stone at neck of gall bladder. In today ’ s world due to sedentary life style we are coming across patients with higher BMI even in socioecono mically weaker class which is a co nstrain in a successful laparoscopic surgery. We studied the correlation of Body Mass Index (BMI with performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  2. Transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Wei; ZHANG Zhong-tao; HAN Wei; LI Jian-she; JIN Lan; LIU Jun; ZHAO Xiao-mu; WANG Yu

    2008-01-01

    @@ Recently,scarless surgery has become a widely used surgical technique,which has made considerable progress owing to extensive animal model studies and clinical trials.Here,we report the first case of transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy in mainland China,on 28th May,2008.

  3. Cholecystectomy in Danish children--a nationwide study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langballe, Karen Oline; Bardram, Linda

    2014-01-01

    into the secure Web site by the surgeon immediately after the operation. In the present analysis, we have included children ≤ 15 years from the five year period January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010. RESULTS: In the study period 35,444 patients were operated with a cholecystectomy. Of these, 196 (0.5%) were ≤ 15...

  4. Transvaginal NOTES cholecystectomy in my partner? No way!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefaniak, Tomasz; Dobrowolski, Sebastian; Makarewicz, Wojciech; Łachiński, Andrzej J.; Śledziński, Zbigniew

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) transvaginal cholecystectomy is being intensively studied. A few studies have been recently published evaluating patients’ attitude towards NOTES with its individual accesses. However, the choice of a transvaginal access with its potential influence on sex life and fertility is not restricted entirely to women. The sexual partner would at least give his opinion or decide together with the woman. Aim The aim of the study was to assess the attitude of male sexual partners of potential NOTES transvaginal patients towards the surgical access. Material and methods Hundred males were asked for their opinion in a specially designed instrument. Results The general attitude of male sexual partners of potential NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy patients is negative. With several possible problems and complications feared by the partners, they would mostly oppose or dissuade against NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy. The cosmetic benefit seems not to justify undergoing a novelty procedure with potential complications threatening sexual life and procreation. This attitude was especially observed in young, sexually active males with high appreciation of sexual life. Conclusions Both scientific and educational efforts are required to prove safety and efficiency of NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy beyond question. PMID:23255986

  5. Assessment of Requirement of Routine Intraoperative Cholaniography at Cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Shiryazdi

    2013-12-01

    Conclusion: According to above statistically significant relation, we recommend that in patients who are candidate for cholecystectomy, if elevated preoperative serum alkaline phosphatase or elevated preoperative serum bilirubin or abnormal ultrasound findings were observed, more diagnostic evaluation should be done for them including MRC and ERC.

  6. The difficult gallbladder: technical tips for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenberg, J; Bisgaard, T

    2000-01-01

    gallbladder, use of the Endo Paddle Retract (United States Surgical Corp., Norwalk, CT, USA) to depress abdominal viscera, and subtotal cholecystectomy). These methods may be used in situations in which there is no operative risk for complications, such as bile duct injury, but technical aspects of the...

  7. ICG-loaded microbubbles for multimodal billiary imaging in cholecystectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Ruogu; Melvin, Scott; Xu, Ronald X.

    2012-12-01

    A dual-mode imaging technique has been developed for intraoperative imaging of bile ducts and real-time identification of iatrogenic injuries in cholecystectomy. The technique is based on ultrasound (US) and fluorescence (FL) imaging of a dual-mode microbubble (MB) agent comprising a poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) shell and a core of Indocyanine Green. During cholecystectomy, a clinical US probe is used to localize the bile duct structure after bolus injection of dual-mode MBs. As the surrounding adipose tissue is removed and the Calot's triangle is exposed, FL imaging is used to identify the MB distribution and to determine the potential bile duct injury. The contrast-enhanced bile duct imaging technique has been demonstrated in both a surgical simulation model and an ex vivo porcine tissue model under two surgical scenarios. The first scenario simulates the correct procedure where the cystic duct is clipped. The second scenario simulates the incorrect procedure where the common bile duct is clipped, leading to consequent bile duct injury. Benchtop experiments in both the phantom and the ex vivo models show that the dual-mode imaging technique is able to identify the potential bile duct injury during cholecystectomy. A phantom system has also been established for future device calibration and surgical training in image-guided cholecystectomy. Further in vivo animal validation tests are necessary before the technique can be implemented in a clinical setting.

  8. The outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy by ultrasonic dissection.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sasi, Walid

    2010-04-01

    Electrocautery remains the main energy form used for dissection in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, due to its many risks the search continues for safer and more efficient forms of energy. This chapter assesses the outcomes of dissection using ultrasonic energy as compared to monopolar electrocautery during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Studies included are trials of prospectively randomized adult patients with symptomatic gallstone disease subject either ultrasonic or monopolar electrocautery dissection during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Seven trials were included in this review, with a total patient number of 695 randomized to two dissection methods: 340 in the electrocautery group and 355 in the ultrasonic group. Ultrasonic dissection is shown to be superior to monopolar electrocautery in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Disadvantages include a difficult maneuvering technique and overall cost. Appropriate training programs may be implemented to overcome the first disadvantage, and it might be argued that given the combined cost of factors associated with standard clip and cautery technique, cost issues may be outweighed by the benefits of ultrasonic dissection. However, this necessitates further cost-benefit analysis.

  9. Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: an experience of 247 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy needs lot of training and experience in developing countries like Pakistan. After the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy several studies have been conducted to evaluate the complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to establish the efficacy and safety of the procedure. The aim of this study was to determine the complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a teaching hospital during the learning process. Methods: This descriptive case series was conducted in the department of General Surgery at Social Security Teaching Hospital, Islamabad, from October 2012 to February 2015. Patients of more than 15 years of age having symptomatic gallstones were included. Patients with dilated common bile duct (>8 mm in diameter), jaundice, acute cholecystitis, mass at porta hepatis and positive hepatitis B or C virology were excluded. Results: A sample of 247 consecutive patients was studied. Of them, 218 (88.26%) were females and 29 (11.74 %) were males. Their age ranged from 15 to 73 years (mean 43.37). Six (2.43%) patients developed epigastric port site wound infection. Four patients (1.62%) had bleeding. There was bile leakage in 2 (0.82 %) patients postoperatively. Two patients (0.82%) had collection (haematoma) in pouch of Morrison. One patient (0.41%) had duodenal injury. Eighteen (7.29 %) laparoscopic procedures were converted to open cholecystectomy. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 1.8 days. Conclusion: Complication rate is high in early learning phase of laparoscopic surgery which can be reduced with proper training of surgeons and they should perform these procedures under supervision of experienced laparoscopic surgeons during their learning phase. (author)

  10. Cholecystectomy in Sweden 2000 – 2003: a nationwide study on procedures, patient characteristics, and mortality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stenlund Hans

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epidemiological data on characteristics of patients undergoing open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy are limited. In this register study we examined characteristics and mortality of patients who underwent cholecystectomy during hospital stay in Sweden 2000 – 2003. Methods Hospital discharge and death certificate data were linked for all patients undergoing cholecystectomy in Sweden from January 1st 2000 through December 31st 2003. Mortality risk was calculated as standardised mortality ratio (SMR i.e. observed over expected deaths considering age and gender of the background population. Results During the four years of the study 43072 patients underwent cholecystectomy for benign biliary disease, 31144 (72% using a laparoscopic technique and 11928 patients (28% an open procedure (including conversion from laparoscopy. Patients with open cholecystectomy were older than patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (59 vs 49 years, p Conclusion Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed on patients having a lower mortality risk than the general Swedish population. Patients with open cholecystectomy are more sick than patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and they have a mortality risk within 90 days of admission for cholecystectomy, which is four times that of the general population. Further efforts to reduce surgical trauma in open biliary surgery are motivated.

  11. Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth Diagnosed by Glucose Hydrogen Breath Test in Post-cholecystectomy Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Sung, Hea Jung; Paik, Chang-Nyol; Chung, Woo Chul; Lee, Kang-Moon; Yang, Jin-Mo; Choi, Myung-Gyu

    2015-01-01

    Background/Aims Patients undergoing cholecystectomy may have small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of SIBO in patients with intestinal symptoms following cholecystectomy. Methods Sixty-two patients following cholecystectomy, 145 with functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGIDs), and 30 healthy controls undergoing hydrogen (H2)-methane (CH4) glucose breath test (GBT) were included in the study. Before performing GBT, all patients were ...

  12. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in sickle cell patients in Niger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abarchi Habibou

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: We report the results of our experience on laparoscopic cholecystectomy in sickle cell disease patients in Niger, which is included in the sickle cell belt. METHODS: A prospective study covering a period of 45 months, from July 2004 to March 2008. We included all sickle cell disease patients that underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Blood transfusion was done for patients with haemoglobin (Hb levels less than 9g/dl. Homozygous and composite heterozygous patients were admitted in intensive care unit for 24 hours or plus post operatively. RESULTS:The series included 47 patients operated by the same surgeon, 31 females (66% and 16 males (34% (Ratio: 0.51. The average age was 22.4 years (range: 11 to 46 years and eleven (23.4% of them were aged less than 15 years. The types of sickle cell disease found were 37 SS, 2 SC, 1 S beta-thalassemia and 7 AS. Indications for surgery were biliary colic in 29 cases (61.7% and acute cholecystitis in 18 cases (38.3%. The mean operative time was 64 min (range: 42 to 103 min. Conversion to open cholecystectomy in 2 cases (4.2 % for non recognition of Calot‘s triangle structures. The postoperative complications were: four (4 cases of vaso-occlusive crisis and one case of acute chest syndrome. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3,5days (range: 1 to 9 days. No mortality was encountered. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure in sickle cell patients. It should be a multidisciplinary approach and involve a haematologist, an anaesthesiologist and a surgeon.

  13. Preemptive morphine suppository for postoperative pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi, Mojtaba; Farsani, Daryoush Moradi; Naghibi, Khosrou; Alikiaii, Babak

    2016-01-01

    Background: Postoperative pain is a major problem following laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and there is no general agreement on the effective method of pain relief. Rectal morphine suppositories are one of the newly released morphine forms. The aim of this study is to compare the impact of suppository morphine with placebo on pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: Seventy patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia, were randomly allocated to two groups according to the drug used for postoperative analgesia: Group morphine suppository (MS - 10 mg) just before induction of anesthesia And Group placebo suppository (PS) (the pills were made from cocoa butter, physically similar to the real drug). Pain intensity based on visual analog scale (VAS) and opioid consumption were assessed 30 and 60 min, and 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 h after arrival of the patient to the recovery room. Results: VAS scores were significantly lower in MS group (from 3.8 ± 1 to 5.3 ± 1.6) compared with PS group (from 4.9 ± 0.9 to 6.7 ± 1) from 30 min after arrival to the recovery room until 16 h postoperatively (P < 0.05). There were no additional analgesic requirements in the first 2 h after the entrance of the patient to the recovery room in MS group. The number of patients requiring pethidine was significantly different between two groups (P < 0.05) in all periods except for 24 h postoperatively. Conclusion: Suppository morphine administration is more effective than placebo to reduce pain and analgesic requirements after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:27110554

  14. Transvaginal NOTES cholecystectomy in my partner? No way!

    OpenAIRE

    Kobiela, Jarek; Stefaniak, Tomasz; Dobrowolski, Sebastian; Makarewicz, Wojciech; Łachiński, Andrzej J.; Śledziński, Zbigniew

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) transvaginal cholecystectomy is being intensively studied. A few studies have been recently published evaluating patients’ attitude towards NOTES with its individual accesses. However, the choice of a transvaginal access with its potential influence on sex life and fertility is not restricted entirely to women. The sexual partner would at least give his opinion or decide together with the woman. Aim The aim of the study was ...

  15. Surgical techniques to minimize shoulder pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donatsky, Anders Meller; Bjerrum, Flemming; Gögenür, Ismayil

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the treatment of choice for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. Despite the many advantages over open surgery, many patients complain about referred pain to the shoulder during the postoperative course. The purpose of this review was to evaluate...... different intraoperative surgical methods to minimize shoulder pain (SP). METHODS: A search of the literature was conducted using PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), and Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Eligibility criteria were: randomized clinical trials or meta-analysis evaluating...

  16. Effect of cholecystectomy on bowel function: a prospective, controlled study

    OpenAIRE

    Hearing, S; Thomas, L.; HEATON, K; Hunt, L.

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Published estimates of the prevalence of postcholecystectomy diarrhoea derive from retrospective or uncontrolled data. They ignore functional bowel syndromes and possible changes in diet and drug use.
AIMS—To determine prospectively whether and how often cholecystectomy leads to changes in bowel function and bowel symptoms, especially to liquid stools, over and above any non-specific effect of laparoscopic surgery.
SUBJECTS—Patients: 106 adults undergoing laparoscopic cholecystecto...

  17. Multimodal Preincisional Premedication to Prevent Acute Pain After Cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dawood Aghamohammadi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Postoperative pain as an important medical concern is usually treated by opioids which also are of various inevitable side effects. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of multimodal preincisional premedication on preventing post-cholecystectomy acute pain. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, sixty patients undergoing open cholecystectomy were randomized into two groups. Before anesthesia induction, Diclofenac suppository (100 mg and oral Clonidine (0.2 mg were administered in the first group. Immediately before operation, patients received Ketamine (1 mg/kg IV while the control group received placebo. The site of incision was infiltrated by the surgeon with 20 mL Bupivacaine 0.25% in both groups. Anesthesia induction and maintenance were similar in both groups. The severity of pain was recorded 2, 4, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after operation according to Visual Analogue Scale. Results: The severity of pain at two defined stages (6 and 12 hours later was significantly less in the intervention group than the control group (P<0.005. The average pain severity score was less than the control group (P<0.005. Conclusion: In our study, the administration of Clonidine, Diclofenac and Ketamine and bupivacaine infiltration to the site of incision, altogether was associated with a significant decrease in pain score and opioid requirement after cholecystectomy in comparison to bupivacaine infiltration to the site of incision.

  18. Effect of chewing gum on the bowel motility after cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadije Yazdi

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative ileus is common after cholecystectomy, causes gas retension, distention, nausea, vomiting, and even pain. Chewing gum is a type of sham feeding that may reduce the duration of postoperative ileus. This study determines the effect of chewing gum in the immediate postoperative period to facilitate ileus recovery following cholecystectomy. Material & Methods: This is a randomized controlled trial in 2009. Twenty-four patients undergoing cholecystectomy and they divided in to two equal groups (n=12. Patients in group A chewed sugarless gum there time after surgery, each time 20 miniutes in 4, 10 and 18 hours after finishing sugery. Demographics, intraoperative, and postoperative care data did not reveal any significant difference between two groups. The data resending the first passage of flatus, defecation and bowel sound in every 2 hours for each patient completed in questioning. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version-13.5 and student t-test. Results: The first bowel sound heard 3 ±1.3 and 2.8 ±1.3 hours post-operatively in cases and controls, respectively. The above findings were not significant between two groups. Furthermore gas passing reported at 18.3±10.5 and 36.28±12.6 hours post-operation in case and control groups respectively. The first defecation was occured at 36.8 ±21.7 and 69.5 ±19.2 hours after operation in case and control groups, respectively

  19. Patients' quality of life after laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Li; TAO Si-feng; XU Yuan; FANG Fu; PENG Shu-you

    2005-01-01

    Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating and comparing the quality of life in patients who underwent laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy for chronic cholecystolithiasis. Methods: The study included 25 patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC group) and 26 with open cholecystectomy (OC group). The quality of life was measured with the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GLQI) preoperatively, thereafter regularly at 2, 5, 10 and 16 weeks after the operation. Results:The mean preoperative overall GLQI scores were 112.5 and 110.3 in LC and OC group respectively (P>0.05). In the LC group, the mean overall GLQI score reduced slightly to 110.0 two weeks after the operation (P>0.05). The LC group showed significant improvement in overall score and in the aspects of symptomatology, emotional and physiological status from 5 to 16 weeks postoperatively. In the OC group, the GLQI score reduced to 102.0 two weeks after surgery (P0.05). The patients experienced significant improvements of GLQI sixteen weeks after OC operation (P<0.01~0.05). Within the 10 postoperative weeks, the LC group had significantly higher GLQI scores than the OC group (P<0.05). Conclusions: LC can improve the quality of life postoperatively better and more rapidly than OC. The assessment of quality of life assessment is a valid method for measuring the effects of surgical treatment.

  20. Pancreatitis of biliary origin, optimal timing of cholecystectomy (PONCHO trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouwense, S.A.W.; Besselink, M.G.; Brunschot, S. van; Bakker, O.J.; Santvoort, H.C. van; Schepers, N.J.; Boermeester, M.A.; Bollen, T.L.; Bosscha, K.; Brink, M.A.; Bruno, M.J.; Consten, E.C.; Dejong, C.H.; Duijvendijk, P. van; Eijck, C.H. van; Gerritsen, J.J.; Goor, H. van; Heisterkamp, J.; Hingh, I.H.J.T. de; Kruyt, P.M.; Molenaar, I.Q.; Nieuwenhuijs, V.B.; Rosman, C.; Schaapherder, A.F.; Scheepers, J.J.; Spanier, M.B.; Timmer, R.; Weusten, B.L.; Witteman, B.J.; Ramshorst, B. van; Gooszen, H.G.; Boerma, D.; for the Dutch Pancreatitis Study, G.; Verbeek, A.L.

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: After an initial attack of biliary pancreatitis, cholecystectomy minimizes the risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis and other gallstone-related complications. Guidelines advocate performing cholecystectomy within 2 to 4 weeks after discharge for mild biliary pancreatitis. Dur

  1. Pancreatitis of biliary origin, optimal timing of cholecystectomy (PONCHO trial) : Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouwense, Stefan A.; Besselink, Marc G.; van Brunschot, Sandra; Bakker, Olaf J.; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C.; Schepers, Nicolien J.; Boermeester, Marja A.; Bollen, Thomas L.; Bosscha, Koop; Brink, Menno A.; Bruno, Marco J.; Consten, Esther C.; Dejong, Cornelis H.; van Duijvendijk, Peter; van Eijck, Casper H.; Gerritsen, Jos J.; van Goor, Harry; Heisterkamp, Joos; de Hingh, Ignace H.; Kruyt, Philip M.; Molenaar, I. Quintus; Nieuwenhuijs, Vincent B.; Rosman, Camiel; Schaapherder, Alexander F.; Scheepers, Joris J.; Spanier, Marcel B. W.; Timmer, Robin; Weusten, Bas L.; Witteman, Ben J.; van Ramshorst, Bert; Gooszen, Hein G.; Boerma, Djamila

    2012-01-01

    Background: After an initial attack of biliary pancreatitis, cholecystectomy minimizes the risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis and other gallstone-related complications. Guidelines advocate performing cholecystectomy within 2 to 4 weeks after discharge for mild biliary pancreatitis. During this w

  2. Pancreatitis of biliary origin, optimal timing of cholecystectomy (PONCHO trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.A.W. Bouwense (Stefan); M.G. Besselink (Marc); S. van Brunschot (Sandra); O.J. Bakker (Olaf ); H.C. van Santvoort (Hjalmar); N.J. Schepers (Nicolien ); M.A. Boermeester (Marja); T.L. Bollen (Thomas); K. Bosscha (Koop); M.A. Brink (Menno); M.J. Bruno (Marco); E.C. Consten (Esther); C.H. Dejong (Cees); P. van Duijvendijk (Peter); C.H.J. van Eijck (Casper); J.J. Gerritsen (Jos); H. van Goor (Harry); J. Heisterkamp (Joos); I.H.J.T. de Hingh (Ignace); Ph.M. Kruyt (Philip); I.Q. Molenaar (I.Quintus); V.B. Nieuwenhuijs (Vincent); C. Rosman (Camiel); A.F.M. Schaapherder (Alexander); J.J. Scheepers (Joris); B.W.M. Spanier (Marcel); R. Timmer (Robin); B.L. Weusten (Bas); B.J.M. Witteman (Ben); B. van Ramshorst (Bert); H.G. Gooszen (Hein); D. Boerma (Djamila)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractBackground: After an initial attack of biliary pancreatitis, cholecystectomy minimizes the risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis and other gallstone-related complications. Guidelines advocate performing cholecystectomy within 2 to 4 weeks after discharge for mild biliary pancreatitis. D

  3. Two-port mini laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared to standard four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreenivas S

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Two-port mini laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC has been proposed as a safe and feasible technique. However, there are limited studies to evaluate the effectiveness of the procedure. This study is a prospective randomised trial to compare the standard four-port LC with two-port mini LC. Materials and Methods: A total of 116 consecutive patients undergoing LC were randomised to four-port/two-port mini LC. In two-port mini LC, a 10-mm umbilical and a 5-mm epigastric port were used. Outcomes measured were duration and difficulty of operation, post-operative pain, analgesia requirements, post-operative stay, complications and cosmetic score at 30 days. Results: Out of 116 patients, the ratio of M:F was 11:92, with mean age 40.79 ± 12.6 years. Twelve patients (nine in four-port group and three in two-port group were lost to follow-up. The mean operative time were similar (P = 0.727. Post-operative pain was significantly low in the two-port group at up to 24 hrs (P = 0.023. The overall analgesia requirements (P = 0.003 and return to daily activity (P = 0.00 were significantly lower in two-port group. The cosmesis score of the two-port group was better than four-port group (P = 0.00. However, the length of hospital stay (P = 0.760 and complications (P = 0.247 were similar between the two groups. Conclusion: Two-port mini LC resulted in reduced pain, need for analgesia, and improved cosmesis without increasing the operative time and complication rates compared to that in four-port LC. Thus, it can be recommended in selected patients.

  4. General anesthesia versus segmental thoracic or conventional lumbar spinal anesthesia for patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Yousef, Gamal T.; Lasheen, Ahmed E.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy became the standard surgery for gallstone disease because of causing less postoperative pain, respiratory compromise and early ambulation. Objective: This study was designed to compare spinal anesthesia, (segmental thoracic or conventional lumbar) vs the gold standard general anesthesia as three anesthetic techniques for healthy patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, evaluating intraoperative parameters, postoperative recovery an...

  5. Microlaparoscopic vs conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective randomized double-blind trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, T; Klarskov, B; Trap, R;

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Downsizing the port incisions may reduce pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: In a double-blind controlled study, 60 patients were randomized to undergo either microlaparoscopic cholecystectomy using one 10-mm and three 3.5-mm trocars (3.5-mm LC) or traditional laparoscopic...

  6. The use of laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy in a case with a cholecystohepatic duct

    OpenAIRE

    Naonori Kawakubo; Yoshio Zaizen; Yukiko Goto; Shizu Miura

    2015-01-01

    A cholecystohepatic duct is a rare biliary anomaly that is identified by the drainage of the hepatic duct into the gallbladder. We herein report on the case of a 2-year-old boy diagnosed as this anomaly. Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy was successfully performed, and this is the first report of a case with a cholecystohepatic duct treated using a laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy.

  7. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy - Is there a need to convert?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Kuldip

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The difficult gallbladder is the most common ′difficult′ laparoscopic surgery being performed by general surgeons all over the world and the potential one that places the patient at significant risk. We present our experience of 6147 cases since January 1993 in a single center with respect to conversion to open cholecystectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC from January 1993 to December 2004 were analyzed. The cases were analyzed in relation to conversion rate to open surgery, factors affecting the conversion, and completion rate of LC. Patients having absolute contraindications to LC like cardiovascular and pulmonary disease were not included in the study. RESULTS: Out of 6147 cases, 1518 patients (21.5% were identified as difficult cases. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully completed in 6125 patients with a completion rate of 99.6%. Laparoscopic procedure had to be converted to the open procedure in 22 patients with a conversion rate of 0.36% of the total LCs performed and 1.66% of the difficult cases. Conversion had to be done due to several reasons. CONCLUSION: It can be reliably concluded that LC is the preferred method even in the difficult cases. Our study emphasizes that although the rate of conversion to open surgery and complication rate are low in experienced hands the surgeon should keep a low threshold for conversion to open surgery and it should be taken as a step in the interest of the patient rather than be looked upon as an insult to the surgeon.

  8. Gallbladder Fossa Abscess Masquerading as Cholecystitis After Cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigue, Paul; Fakhri, Asif; Baumgartner, Andrew

    2015-12-01

    We present a case of a 59-y-old woman who had undergone cholecystectomy and was subsequently found to have an abscess within the gallbladder fossa. A hepatobiliary scan using (99m)Tc-diisopropyliminodiacetic acid demonstrated the characteristic rim sign, a photopenic defect surrounded by a rim of mildly increased activity immediately adjacent to the gallbladder fossa. The rim sign was thought to be the result of reactive inflammation in the hepatic tissue adjacent to a postoperative abscess within the gallbladder fossa. PMID:26111711

  9. The use of intraoperative cholangiogram during laparoscopic double cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo E. Guajardo-Salinas

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available ouble gallbladder is a rare finding in patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis or acute cholecystitis. The incidence has been described as 1 in every 4000-5000 patients during autopsy. To identify the gallbladder (GB duplication prior to surgical removal of the GB is of upmost importance. It is not unusual to identify this diagnosis intraoperatively, but by using US, ERCP or MRCP more than 50% of the cases are diagnosed preoperatively. The use of intraoperative cholangiogram helps to identify the anatomy and confirm the diagnosis during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with gallbladder duplication.

  10. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CHEMICAL CHOLECYSTECTOMY OF PATHOLOGIC OBSERVATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective:To verify through animal experiment the validity of chemical cholecystectomy.Mothods:The expermental objects seven healthy juvenile pigs,hardener was infused into the gallbladder,after infusion the sapmles were collected by pathological examination,according to the different duration under anesthestize.Results:The mucous destructive and digestive process remained with one week,the inflammatory reaction in two weeks,the chronic inflammatory reaction compained a great deal of granulation tissue and scar formation occurred in 4th-8th week,10 weeks latter,the inflammatory reaction reduced,and scar tissue formed.Conlusion:Chemical cholecystecomy is safe and reliable in clinic.

  11. A portable fluorescence microscopic imaging system for cholecystectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Jian; Yang, Chaoyu; Gan, Qi; Ma, Rong; Zhang, Zeshu; Chang, Shufang; Shao, Pengfei; Zhang, Shiwu; Liu, Chenhai; Xu, Ronald

    2016-03-01

    In this paper we proposed a portable fluorescence microscopic imaging system to prevent iatrogenic biliary injuries from occurring during cholecystectomy due to misidentification of the cystic structures. The system consisted of a light source module, a CMOS camera, a Raspberry Pi computer and a 5 inch HDMI LCD. Specifically, the light source module was composed of 690 nm and 850 nm LEDs, allowing the CMOS camera to simultaneously acquire both fluorescence and background images. The system was controlled by Raspberry Pi using Python programming with the OpenCV library under Linux. We chose Indocyanine green(ICG) as a fluorescent contrast agent and then tested fluorescence intensities of the ICG aqueous solution at different concentration levels by our fluorescence microscopic system compared with the commercial Xenogen IVIS system. The spatial resolution of the proposed fluorescence microscopic imaging system was measured by a 1951 USAF resolution target and the dynamic response was evaluated quantitatively with an automatic displacement platform. Finally, we verified the technical feasibility of the proposed system in mouse models of bile duct, performing both correct and incorrect gallbladder resection. Our experiments showed that the proposed system can provide clear visualization of the confluence between the cystic duct and common bile duct or common hepatic duct, suggesting that this is a potential method for guiding cholecystectomy. The proposed portable system only cost a total of $300, potentially promoting its use in resource-limited settings.

  12. Acute Cholangitis following Intraductal Migration of Surgical Clips 10 Years after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie E. Cookson

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy represents the gold standard approach for treatment of symptomatic gallstones. Surgery-associated complications include bleeding, bile duct injury, and retained stones. Migration of surgical clips after cholecystectomy is a rare complication and may result in gallstone formation “clip cholelithiasis”. Case Report. We report a case of a 55-year-old female patient who presented with right upper quadrant pain and severe sepsis having undergone an uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy 10 years earlier. Computed tomography (CT imaging revealed hyperdense material in the common bile duct (CBD compatible with retained calculus. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP revealed appearances in keeping with a migrated surgical clip within the CBD. Balloon trawl successfully extracted this, alleviating the patient’s jaundice and sepsis. Conclusion. Intraductal clip migration is a rarely encountered complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy which may lead to choledocholithiasis. Appropriate management requires timely identification and ERCP.

  13. COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN LAPAROSCOPIC AND OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY IN RESPECT OF POSTOPERATIVE RECOVERY AND HOSPITAL STAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajay

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gall stones are one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Differences in primary outcomes like mortality and complication proportions [particularly bile duct injuries] are important reasons to choose one of the two operative te chniques open or laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. The study consists of 100 patients with a diagnosis of calculus cholecystitis that underwent Cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a considerable advancement in the treatment of gall bladder disease , technically the dissection of the cystic artery and cystic duct is very precise and bleeding is easily controlled with less per operative blood loss. LC is associated with less chances of wound infection and there is no risk of wound dehiscence. The only disadvantage of the laparoscopic Cholecystectomy over the open procedure is the duration of operating time which is significantly longer.

  14. The beneficial effect of transversus abdominis plane block after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in day-case surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Pernille Lykke; Stjernholm, Pia; Kristiansen, Viggo B;

    2012-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with postoperative pain of moderate intensity in the early postoperative period. Recent randomized trials have demonstrated the efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in providing postoperative analgesia after abdominal surgery. We hypothesi...... hypothesized that a TAP block may reduce pain while coughing and at rest for the first 24 postoperative hours, opioid consumption, and opioid side effects in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in day-case surgery....

  15. SILC for SILC: Single Institution Learning Curve for Single-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Chee Wei Tay; Liang Shen; Mikael Hartman; Shridhar Ganpathi Iyer; Krishnakumar Madhavan; Stephen Kin Yong Chang

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. We report the single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) learning experience of 2 hepatobiliary surgeons and the factors that could influence the learning curve of SILC. Methods. Patients who underwent SILC by Surgeons A and B were studied retrospectively. Operating time, conversion rate, reason for conversion, identity of first assistants, and their experience with previous laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) were analysed. CUSUM analysis is used to identify learning curve...

  16. Two-Trocar Cholecystectomy by Strategic Laparoscopy for Improved Cosmesis (SLIC)

    OpenAIRE

    Dan, Adrian G.; Mirhaidari, Shayda; Pozsgay, Mark; Standerwick, Andrew; Bohon, Ashley; Zografakis, John G.

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Until the advent of single-incision laparoscopic surgery, few advances were aimed at improving cosmesis with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Criticisms of the single-incision laparoscopic surgery technique include a larger incision and increased incidence of wound-related complications. We present our initial experience with a novel technique aimed at performing strategic laparoscopy for improved cosmesis (SLIC) for cholecystectomy. Methods: Twenty-five patients with ...

  17. Evaluation of the response of cortisol, corticotropin and blood platelets kinetics after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Crema Eduardo; Ribeiro Elisangela Neto; Hial Ana Marcela; Alves Júnior Juverson Terra; Pastore Ricardo; Silva Alex Augusto

    2005-01-01

    PURPOSE: To compare the behavior of serum cortisol and ACTH levels and platelet kinetics after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy. METHODS: In this prospective study, 31 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis submitted to elective cholecystectomy, 17 by the laparoscopic route and 14 by the open route, were compared. Peripheral blood samples were collected on admission of the patient, during anesthetic induction, and 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after the surgical incision. Platelets were co...

  18. Prophylactic Antiemetic Therapy with Ondansetron,Granisetron and Metoclopramide in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Under GA

    OpenAIRE

    Vishal Gupta, Renu Wakhloo, Anjali Mehta, Satya Dev Gupta; Renu Wakhloo; Anjali Mehta; Satya Dev Gupta

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to compare the antiemetic effect of intravenous Granisetron, Ondansetron& Metoclopramide in a randomized blinded study for prophylaxis of post operative nausea and vomiting(PONV) in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia. 60 patients(ASA I & II) undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia were randomly allocatedinto three equal groups (n=20). Emetic episodes in first 24 hours were recorded and compared ...

  19. The analgesic effect of the ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane block after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Ra, Yoon Suk; Kim, Chi Hyo; Lee, Guie Yong; Han, Jong In

    2010-01-01

    Background Several methods are performed to control the pain after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, the transverse abdominis plane block has been proposed to compensate for the problems developed by preexisting methods. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane block (US-TAP block) and compare efficacy according to the concentration of local analgesics in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Fifty-four pati...

  20. Cholelithiasis, cholecystectomy and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma: A meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingyun Guo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Available evidence of the relationship between cholelithiasis, cholecystectomy, and risk of liver cancer and hence we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the relationships. PubMed, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched to identify all published cohort studies and case-control studies that evaluated the relationships of cholelithiasis, cholecystectomy and risk of liver cancer and single-cohort studies which evaluated the incidence of liver cancer among patients who understood cholecystectomy (up to February 2013. Comprehensive meta-analysis software was used for meta-analysis. A total of 11 observational studies (six cohort studies and five case-control studies were included in this meta-analysis. The result from meta-analysis showed that cholecystectomy (risk ratio [RR]: 1.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-2.51, I2 = 72% and cholecystolithiasis (RR: 5.40, 95% CI: 3.69-7.89, I2 = 93% was associated with more liver cancer, especially for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC (cholecystectomy: RR: 3.51, 95% CI: 1.84-6.71, I2 = 26%; cholecystolithiasis: RR: 11.06, 95% CI: 6.99-17.52, I2 = 0%. The pooled standardized incidence rates (SIR of liver cancer in patients who understood cholecystectomy showed cholecystectomy might increase the incidence of liver cancer (SIR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.13-2.20, I2 = 15%. Based on the results of the meta-analysis, cholecystectomy and cholecystolithiasis seemed to be involved in the development of liver cancer, especially for ICC. However, most available studies were case-control studies and short-term cohort studies, so the future studies should more long-term cohort studies should be well-conducted to evaluate the long-term relationship.

  1. An Evaluation of the Effect of Hypnosis on Postoperative Analgesia following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joudi, Marjan; Fathi, Mehdi; Izanloo, Azra; Montazeri, Omid; Jangjoo, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the effectiveness of hypnosis in improving the results of surgery in Iran. One hundred and twenty patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly divided into either control (standard care) or experimental (hypnosis) groups. Prior to surgery and again after surgery, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting were assessed. The results suggest that hypnosis could effectively reduce pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and significantly reduce hospitalization time. PMID:27267679

  2. The use of laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy in a case with a cholecystohepatic duct

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naonori Kawakubo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A cholecystohepatic duct is a rare biliary anomaly that is identified by the drainage of the hepatic duct into the gallbladder. We herein report on the case of a 2-year-old boy diagnosed as this anomaly. Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy was successfully performed, and this is the first report of a case with a cholecystohepatic duct treated using a laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy.

  3. A severe case of hemobilia and biliary fistula following an open urgent cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Del monaco Pamela; Migliaccio Carla; Morelli Umberto; Farinella Eriberto; La Mura Francesco; Cattorini Lorenzo; Spizzirri Alessandro; Cirocchi Roberto; Napolitano Vincenzo; Trastulli Stefano; Di Patrizi Micol; Milani Diego; Sciannameo Francesco

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Cholecystectomy has been the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones, but remains the greatest source of post-operative biliary injuries. Laparoscopic approach has been recently preferred because of short hospitalisation and low morbidity but has an higher incidence of biliary leakages and bile duct injuries than open one due to a technical error or misinterpretation of the anatomy. Even open cholecystectomy presents a small number of complications especially if it ...

  4. No effect of melatonin on oxidative stress after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kücükakin, B.; Klein, M.; Lykkesfeldt, Jens;

    2010-01-01

    Background Melatonin, an endogenous circadian regulator, also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidative effect of melatonin in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Patients were randomized to receive 10 mg...... melatonin or placebo during surgery. Blood samples for analysis of malondialdehyde (MDA), ascorbic acid (AA), total ascorbic acid (TAA) dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were collected pre-operatively and at 5 min, 6 h and 24 h after operation. Results Twenty patients received...... melatonin and 21 patients received placebo during surgery. No significant differences were observed between the groups in the oxidative stress variables MDA, TAA, AA and DHA or in the inflammatory variable CRP (repeated-measures ANOVA, P > 0.05 for all variables). Conclusions Administration of 10 mg...

  5. Small cell cervical cancer: an unusual finding at cholecystectomy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Boyle, Emily

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Small cell carcinoma of the cervix is a rare cancer, comprising less than 3% of all cervical neoplasms. It uniformly has a poor prognosis, and has a high mortality even with early stage disease. It can metastasise rapidly and metastatic sites include lung, liver, brain, bone, pancreas and lymph nodes. CASE: Here, we report the case of a 60-year-old woman with no symptoms of cervical pathology who developed post-renal failure following a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The cause was bilateral ureteric obstruction from metastatic small cell cervical cancer and metastases were subsequently found on her gallbladder specimen. CONCLUSION: This is an unusual presentation of small cell cervical cancer and demonstrates the aggressive nature of this disease.

  6. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed by residents at a University Hosp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. N. Brito Viglione

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to evaluate the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CL in patients operated on by residents, reviewing morbidity and conversion to laparotomy surgery. A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed selecting patients admitted to the database service, operated by residents of CL in a period from 1/1/11 to 6/30/13. 363 CL were made by residents, presenting a 1.4% conversion, 2.7% of postoperative complications and 1.4% of readmissions. In this series there were no bile duct injury. CL is a safe procedure with low morbidity when performed by residents in an academic institution, when it has adequate supervision.

  7. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy causes less sleep disturbance than open abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gögenur, I; Rosenberg-Adamsen, S; Kiil, C;

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine subjective sleep quality before and after laparoscopic vs open abdominal surgery. METHODS: Twelve patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 15 patients undergoing laparotomy were evaluated with the aid of a sleep questionnaire from 4 days...... before until 4 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: Following laparoscopic surgery, total sleep time increased during the 1st week after the operation compared with preoperative values (p = 0.02), whereas sleep duration during weeks 2, 3, and 4 did not differ from the times reported preoperatively. Following...... laparotomy, sleep duration increased during the 1st, 3rd, and 4th weeks after the operation compared with preoperative values (p < 0.05). All patients experienced postoperative circadian sleep disturbance, with significantly more sleep during the daytime compared with preoperative values; the disturbance was...

  8. Single-access surgery laparoscopic cholecystectomy and appendectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mofid, Hamid; Zornig, Carsten

    2010-04-01

    The objective of this study was to achieve an ideal cosmetic result and minimize the access trauma to the abdominal wall. The authors developed a technique to perform cholecystectomies and appendectomies with only one incision in the umbilicus. With the upcoming idea of Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) in the recent years and noticing the lack of feasibility of the technique for the daily routine beside the technique described by these authors, another development was raising the interest of the surgeons around the world. The single-access surgery through the umbilicus is a technique, that can be used in the daily routine and provides the best cosmetic results. Furthermore, injury of the abdominal wall is located at only one site, which might reduce the rate of trocar hernias and abdominal wall infections. Two 5.5-mm trocars were inserted through an incision at the upper edge of the umbilicus. After perforation of the abdominal wall with a stylet of a 5.5-mm trocar, a curved grasper was inserted, without the use of a trocar, into the abdominal cavity. The use of curved instruments facilitates better triangulation and instrument handling. No gas leakage was observed due to the nonexistence of a trocar. Dissection of the Calot' s triangle or appendix vessels can be done with standard instruments. The curved grasper allows retraction of the gallbladder or appendix. The specimen can be removed through the umbilical incision. The authors present a single-access surgery technique for cholecystectomies and appendectomies using curved instruments. The single-access surgery with parallel inserted curved instruments is feasible. No additional complications are related to this modification other than those known to be associated with laparoscopic surgery. This method offers an almost scarless surgery. Whether other advantages such as less trocar hernias, wound infections, and/or a faster recovery can be achieved, it has not yet to be proven. PMID

  9. Effect of intravenous esmolol on analgesic requirements in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritima Dhir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Perioperative beta blockers are also being advocated for modulation of acute pain and reduction of intraoperative anesthetic requirements. This study evaluated the effect of perioperative use of esmolol, an ultra short acting beta blocker, on anesthesia and modulation of post operative pain in patients of laproscopic cholecystectomy. Material and Methods: Sixty adult ASA I & II grade patients of either sex, scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia, were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly allocated to one of the two groups E or C according to computer generated numbers. Group E- Patients who received loading dose of injection esmolol 0.5 mg/kg in 30 ml isotonic saline, before induction of anesthesia, followed by an IV infusion of esmolol 0.05 μg/kg/min till the completion of surgery and Group C- Patients who received 30 ml of isotonic saline as loading dose and continuous infusion of isotonic saline at the same rate as the esmolol group till the completion of surgery. Results: The baseline MAP at 0 minute was almost similar in both the groups. At 8th minute (time of intubation, MAP increased significantly in group C as compared to group E and remained higher than group E till the end of procedure. Intraoperatively, 16.67% of patients in group C showed somatic signs as compared to none in group E. The difference was statistically significant. 73.33% of patients in group C required additional doses of Inj.Fentanyl as compared to 6.67% in group E. Conclusions: We conclude that intravenous esmolol influences the analgesic requirements both intraoperatively as well as postoperatively by modulation of the sympathetic component of the pain i.e. heart rate and blood pressure.

  10. Prevention of common bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-Bing Ou; Jian-Ping Gong; Sheng-Wei Li; Chang-An Liu; Bing Tu; Chuan-Xin Wu; Xiong Ding; Zuo-Jin Liu; Ke Sun; Hu-Yi Feng

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Since the widespread adoption of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in the late 1980s, a rise in common bile duct (CBD) injury has been reported. We analyzed the factors contributing to a record of zero CBD injuries in 10 000 consecutive LCs. METHODS: The retrospective investigation included 10 000 patients who underwent LC from July 1992 to June 2007. LC was performed by 4 teams of surgeons. The chief main surgeon of each team has had over 10 years of experience in hepatobiliary surgery. Calot's triangle was carefully dissected, and the relationship of the cystic duct to the CBD and common hepatic duct was clearly identiifed. A clip was applied to the cystic duct at the neck of the gallbladder and the duct was incised with scissors proximal to the clip. The cystic artery was dissected by the same method. Then, the gallbladder was dissected from its liver bed. A drain was routinely left at the gallbladder bed for 1-2 days postoperatively. RESULTS: No CBD injuries occurred in 10 000 consecutive LCs, and there were 16 duct leaks (0.16%). Among these, there were 10 Luschka duct leaks (0.1%) and 6 cystic duct leaks (0.06%). Four hundred thirty cases were converted to open cholecystectomy (OC), giving a conversion rate of 4.3%. After a mean follow-up of 17.5 months (range 6-24 months), no postoperative death due to LC occurred, and good results were observed in 95% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: In our 10 000 LCs with zero CBD injuries, the techniques used and practices at our department have been successful. Surgeon's expertise in biliary surgery,preoperative imaging, precise operative procedures, and conversion from LC to OC when needed are important measures to prevent CBD injuries.

  11. MR imaging of upper abdomen following cholecystectomy: normal and abnormal findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haakansson, K. [Kalmar Hospital, (Sweden). Dept. of Radiology; Leander, P.; Ekberg, O. [Malmoe Univ. Hospital (Sweden). Dept. of Radiology; Haakansson, H.O. [Kalmar Hospital, (Sweden). Dept. of Surgery

    2001-03-01

    To describe the normal MR appearance after cholecystectomy and the findings in patients with postoperative complications using fast pulse sequences in abdominal MR imaging. Material and methods: In a prospective study of 119 patients, 64 were examined with MR after cholecystectomy. In total, 56 patients with uncomplicated cholecystectomy were examined with MR 1-5 days (mean 1.6 days) after cholecystectomy. Nine patients had an abdominal postoperative complication and 8 of these were examined with MR after the complication commenced 1-12 days after the cholecystectomy. Results: Oedema in the gallbladder fossa was the only finding in 39 patients (61%), all with uneventful recovery. Small fluid collections in an area consistent with the gallbladder fossa were seen in 9/64 (14%) patients, of which 3 had surgical complications: 1 bleeding and 2 bile duct leakage. Twenty-two (34%) patients had small locally situated fluid collections adjacent to the liver, 14 were uneventful and 8 showed postoperative surgical complications. Seven patients had fluid in the rest of the abdomen of which 5 had surgical complications; 4 due to bile duct leakage and 1 acute pancreatitis. One patient had a postoperative bleeding not seen on MR images. Conclusion: MR is very sensitive in detecting fluid collections. Early MR findings following cholecystectomy are normally only subtle changes, mainly in the gallbladder fossa. Fluid collections diagnosed elsewhere than in the gallbladder fossa usually indicate a surgical complication and a surgical complication is unlikely if MR fails to show a fluid collection.

  12. Outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a secondary level of care in Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulrahman S Al-Mulhim

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: The first option for gallbladder surgery is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of this study is to analyze the outcomes for all patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a secondary level of care. Patients and Methods: Between 2005 and 2008, 968 consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed at King Fahad Hospital. We collected and analyzed data including age, gender, body mass index (kg/m 2 , the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA class, mode of admission (elective or emergency, indication for LC (chronic or acute cholecystitis [AC], co-morbid disease, previous abdominal surgery, conversion to open cholecystectomy, complications, operation time, and length of postoperative hospital stay. Results : Nine hundred and sixty-eight patients had laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the center. There were 824 females and 144 males; the age range was 15-64 (mean 32.9± 12.7 years. The operating time was 45 to 180 min (median 85 min; the complication rate was 4.03% (39 patients. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy could be performed safely in the majority of patients with cholelithiasis, by an experienced surgical team at a secondary level of care.

  13. LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY FOR ACUTE CHOLECYSTITIS DUE TO CHOLELITHIASIS IN GERIATRIC PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Vasincu

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is focused on the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis due to cholelithiasis in geriatric patients. The records of all patients from „St. Joan” Emergency Hospital Iaşi from January 2001 to December 2005 and from General Surgery Clinic in S. Orsola - M. Malpighi Hospital Bologna – Italia from January 2003 to December 2004 who undergo cholecystectomy were reviewed. The entire series consists of 557 patients. This report identifies 161 patients who were aged 65 years or older at the time of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The results are reported in three progressive age groups: 65 to 74, 75 to 84, and over 85 years. At 101 geriatric patients was practiced laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Gallstones were present in all patients. In this series of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 32.6% had an emergency procedure and the remainder had an elective or semielective procedure. The conversion rate was 5.6%. 74.2% of the patients were discharged home after 3-5 days of postoperative observation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure and should be recommended for all geriatric patients who have acute cholecystitis due to cholelithiasis before the development of complications.

  14. Vascular emergencies in cholelithiasis and cholecystectomy:our experience with two cases and literature review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Narasimhaiah Srinivasaiah; Maneesh Bhojak; Ralph Jackson; Sean Woodcock

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Complications from gallstones and laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be serious and fatal if there is a delay in recognition and treatment. We aim to present two unusual, life threatening vascular complications as a result of gallstones and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Their management is highlighted with a brief review of literature. METHODS: Data for the article were gathered from clinical case note review. Radiology database was used for images. A brief literature review was undertaken using Pubmed search. The keywords used included hemobilia, pseudoaneurysm, arterio-biliary ifstula and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. RESULTS: The article highlights two individual case reports. The ifrst case constitutes an 81-year woman who had cystic arterial erosion causing hematemesis, while the second patient was a 57-year man who presented with hemobilia from a pseudoaneurysm of right hepatic artery (RHA) following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Cystic arterial erosion was treated with subtotal cholecystectomy with duodenal defect closure while the pseudoaneurysm underwent radiological intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Cystic artery erosion and pseudoaneurysm causing arteriobiliary ifstula are rare vascular complications related to the biliary tree. A high index of suspicion and timely intervention is important. Trauma to arteries should be avoided during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  15. Changes of gastrointestinal myoelectric activity and bile acid pool size after cholecystectomy in guinea pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue-Mei Zhang; Lei Dong; Li-Na Liu; Bi-Xia Chang; Qian He; Qian Li

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the bile acid pool size after cholecystectomy whether or not correlated to the gastrointestinal migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) in guinea pigs.METHODS: Gallbladder motilities were assessed before cholecystectomy. Furthermore, we continuously monitored interdigestive gastrointestinal motilities using bipolar electrodes in conscious guinea pigs before and after surgery at 4 wk in standard diet group and high cholesterol diet (cholesterol gallstone) group. Total bile acid pool sizes were measured by isotope dilution method at meantime.RESULTS: After cholecystectomy, there were parallel falls in duration of phase Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and MMC cycle duration but increase in amplitude in the guinea pigs with normal gallbladder function, and in the guinea pigs with cholesterol stones. However, There were not significantly differences. On the other hand, the bile acid pool was definitely small in the GS guinea pigs compared to normal guinea pigs and became slightly smaller after cholecystectomy. Similarly, bile acid in gallbladder bile, fecal bile acid was slightly increased in GS guinea pigs after cholecystectomy, to the same degree as normal. These differences, however, were not significant.CONCLUSION: It is concluded that in the guinea pigs with normal gallbladder function, and in the guinea pigs with cholesterol stones: (1) Cholecystectomy produce a similar but less marked trend in bile acid pool; and (2) MMC are linked to enterohepatic circulation of bile acids, rather than surgery, which is consistent with changes of the bile acid pool size. As a result, gastrointestinal dyskinesia is not involved in occurrence of postcholecystectomy syndrome.

  16. The Efficacy and Safety of Different Kinds of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Network Meta Analysis of 43 Randomized Controlled Trials

    OpenAIRE

    Lun Li; Jinhui Tian; Hongliang Tian; Rao Sun; Quan Wang; Kehu Yang

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We conducted a network meta analysis (NMA) to compare different kinds of laparoscopic cholecystectomy [LC] (single port [SPLC], two ports [2PLC], three ports [3PLC], and four ports laparoscopic cholecystectomy [4PLC], and four ports mini-laparoscopic cholecystectomy [mini-4PLC]). METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane library, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched to find randomized controlled trials [RCTs]. Direct pair-wise meta analysis (DMA), indirect treatment co...

  17. Cost-effectiveness of elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus observation in older patients presenting with mild biliary disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parmar, Abhishek D; Coutin, Mark D; Vargas, Gabriela M; Tamirisa, Nina P; Sheffield, Kristin M; Riall, Taylor S

    2014-09-01

    Our objective was to determine the probability threshold for recurrent symptoms at which elective cholecystectomy compared to observation in older patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis is the more effective and cost-effective option. We built a decision model of elective cholecystectomy versus observation in patients >65 presenting with initial episodes of symptomatic cholelithiasis that did not require initial hospitalization or cholecystectomy. Probabilities for subsequent hospitalization, emergency cholecystectomy, and perioperative complications were based on previously published probabilities from a 5 % national sample of Medicare patients. Costs were estimated from Medicare reimbursements and from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Utilities (quality-adjusted life years, QALYs) were obtained from established literature estimates. Elective cholecystectomy compared to observation in all patients was associated with lower effectiveness (-0.10 QALYs) and had an increased cost of $3,422.83 per patient at 2-year follow-up. Elective cholecystectomy became the more effective option when the likelihood for continued symptoms exceeded 45.3 %. Elective cholecystectomy was both more effective and less costly when the probability for continued symptoms exceeded 82.7 %. An individualized shared decision-making strategy based on these data can increase elective cholecystectomy rates in patients at high risk for recurrent symptoms and minimize unnecessary cholecystectomy for patients unlikely to benefit. PMID:24919433

  18. Radiation diagnosis of the biliary system before laparascopic cholecystectomy (a review of literature). Part 2: Non-ultrasonic techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper is defined as a review of literature on radiation diagnostic of biliary tract. High-quality intraoperative cholangiogramms securing is actual now. The role of selective cholangiography with laproscopic cholecystectomy, a review of 737 consecutive cases of intraoperative cholangiography in laproscopic cholecystectomy, the abilities of spiral computed tomographic cholangiography before laproscopic cholecystectomy are under consideration. Magneto-resonance cholangiopancreatography as a new method of diagnosis of biliary system diseases is analysed in certain papers. The problem of indications to conducting some diagnostic methods as well as sequences their use (algorithm) touches upon all scientific investigations devoted tactics of medical examinations of patients before laproscopic cholecystectomy

  19. Comparison of management out comes of open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: Open cholecystectomy (OC) has gradually been superseded by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for the treatment of cholelithiasis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with fewer complications than open cholecystectomy when performed in experienced hands. The study was conducted to compare the two techniques for management of symptomatic gall stones. Objective: Our objective was to compare the management outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with those of open holecystectomy in the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis. Study Design: Quasi experimental study. Settings: It was carried out at Surgical Unit - I of Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi. Subjects and Methods: Eighty consecutive patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis confirmed on ultrasonography from September 2007 to March 2008 were included in the study. They were randomly allocated to LC or OC and were eventually operated. Results: Mean operating time of LC was 64 minutes (30-90) (SD=13.4) where as in OC it was 37.12 minutes (25-70) (SD-9.6). Return of bowel sounds postoperatively was within 12 hours (9-18) (SD=3.25) in LC while it was 16 hours (9-30) in OC group (SD=4.75). Postoperative hospital stay was 1.5 days mean (1-4 days) (SD=0.71). In LC while it was 2.9 days (2-5) in OC group (SD=0.84). The duration of injectable analgesia requirement was 1.3 days (1-3) (SD=0.51) and 1.8 days (1-3) (SD=0.7) in LC and OC patients respectively. The gall bladder perforation was 22.5% in OC and 15% in LC. The common bile duct injury occurred in 2% of patients with LC while none with OC. The conversion rate was 5%. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe treatment of cholelithiasis with short duration of postoperative hospital stay, lesser post operative pain, early return of normal bowel activity as compared to the open cholecystectomy. (author)

  20. Spinal anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Thoracic vs. Lumbar Technique

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    Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: In our group, after a study showing that spinal anesthesia is safe when compared with general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia has been the technique of choice for this procedure. This is a prospective study with all patients undergoing LC under spinal anesthesia in our department since 2007. Settings and Design: Prospective observational. Materials and Methods: From 2007 to 2011, 369 patients with symptoms of colelithiasis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy were operated under spinal anesthesia with pneumoperitoneum and low pressure CO 2. We compared 15 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine and lumbar puncture with 10 or 7.5 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine thoracic puncture, all with 25 μg fentanyl until the sensory level reached T 3 . Intraoperative parameters, post-operative pain, complications, recovery, patient satisfaction, and cost were compared between both groups. Statistical Analysis Used: Means were compared by ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis test, the percentages of the Chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test when appropriate. Time of motor and sensory block in spinal anesthesia group was compared by paired t test or Mann-Whitney test. Differences were considered significant when P ≤ 0.05, and for comparisons of mean pain visual scale, we employed the Bonferroni correction applied to be considered significant only with P ≤ 0.0125 Results: All procedures were completed under spinal anesthesia. The use of lidocaine 1% was successful in the prevention of shoulder pain in 329 (89% patients. There were significant differences in time to reach T 3 , obtaining 15 mg > 10 mg = 7.5 mg. There is a positive correlation between the dose and the incidence of hypotension. The lowest doses gave a decrease of 52.2% in the incidence of hypotension. There was a positive correlation between the dose and duration of sensory and motor block. Sensory block was almost twice the motor block at all doses. With low doses, 60% of patients went from table to stretcher

  1. LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY REQUIRES CONVERSION IN FEW PATIENTS ONLY: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF 370 PATIENTS

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    Mahesh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Gallstone disease is a major health problem worldwide and laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC has become the gold standard surgical treatment of this entity. There are various complications related to this procedure which may lead to conversion into open cholecystectomy. We have done a prospective study of 370 cases in our institution to assess the reasons for conversion from LC to open cholecystectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS 370 cases of symptomatic gallstones were admitted in surgical unit of Rama Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Kanpur, U.P and all of them had undergone LC. The study was done prospectively from September 2013 to August 2015. All the patients with symptomatic gallstone disease including acute cholecystitis were included in this study and the reasons for conversion were recorded. RESULTS In our study we had to convert only 9(2.43% cases out of 370 into open cholecystectomy and the most common reason found was dense adhesions and acutely inflamed gallbladder with a very low incidence of bile duct injury. CONCLUSIONS Despite of good selection of cases and experience of the operating surgeon few cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy may require conversion into the open procedure.

  2. EFFECT OF INTRAOPERATIVE ESMOLOL INFUSION ON POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA IN LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY PATIENTS: A RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TR IAL

    OpenAIRE

    Shreya; Sabyasachi; Sekhar Ranjan

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, gaining worldwide popularity, can be performed on a short stay basis if postoperative pain is adequately addressed. Our present study determines the effect of intraoperative infusion of intravenous esmolol primarily in terms of postoperative analgesia and intraoperative haemodynamic stability. METHODS: 60 ASAPS 1 and 2 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in this randomi s ed, prospec...

  3. Nefopam Vs Fentanyl in Female Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

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    Ki Hwa Lee

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Nefopam is a non-opioid drug that inhibits reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Nafopam is equipotent with opioids (morphine andmeperidine and can decrease postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV by morphine sparing effect. So, we compared postoperative painand PONV between female patients who received nefopam and fentanyl after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC. Methods Patients were randomly assigned to two groups: those who received fentanyl 1 μg/kg at skin closure (Group F, n=31 and those who received nefopam 30 mg mixed with normal saline 500 ml for 30 minutes during surgery (Group N, n=31. General anesthesia was induced with lidocaine 40 mg, propofol 2 mg/kg, and rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg and was maintained with desflurane and remifentanil 0.5 -1.5 μg/kg/min. Postoperative pain is assessed using visual analogue scale (VAS. VAS, rescue analgesics (fentanyl and ketorolac doses, and PONV were evaluated for 0-2 hr, 2-6 hr, 6-12 hr, and 12-24 hr after surgery. Results Age-adjusted VAS significantly decreased during the four assessment time periods in both groups (p< .0001. There were no significant differences between the two groups in fentanyl (p =0 .163 and ketorolac (p = 0.676 doses and PONV. Conclusion The analgesic effects of nefopam and fentanyl administered after LC in female patients were not significantly different. Nefopam is not inferior to fentanyl for pain control of LC.

  4. Covert Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A New Minimally Invasive Technique

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    Hu,Hai

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available To further improve our developed transumbilical endoscopic surgery (TUES, we developed a completely covert laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC. Twelve cases of LC were recruited for this new approach. First, a 10-mm trocar was placed above the umbilicus for inserting the laparoscope. Two 5-mm trocars were then placed near the right and left ends of the superior margin of the suprapubic hair. After the 5-mm 30° laparoscope was shifted to the left suprapubic trocar, the harmonic scalper, electric hook, and grasper were inserted either through the 10-mm umbilical trocar or through the right suprapubic trocar. All gallbladders were successfully removed without intraoperative complications. The mean operating time was 28.5±5.7min (range 20-45min. All patients felt well after surgery and did not need postoperative analgesia. They resumed free oral intake 6h after the procedure. All patients were satisfied with the appearance of the incisions, which were completely hidden in the umbilicus and suprapubic hair. The approach we developed has overcome both external instrument interference around the umbilicus and the loss of triangulation in the operative field. It is relatively simpler than a typical TUES and offers better cosmetic results.

  5. Bleeding complications in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Incidence, mechanisms, prevention and management

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    Kaushik Robin

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC has established itself firmly as the ′gold standard′ for the treatment of gallstone disease, but it can, at times, be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Existing literature has focused almost exclusively on the biliary complications of this procedure, but other complications such as significant haemorrhage can also be encountered, with an immediate mortality if not recognized and treated in a timely manner. Materials and Methods: Publications in English language literature that have reported the complication of bleeding during or after the performance of LC were identified and accessed. The results thus obtained were tabulated and analyzed to get a true picture of this complication, its mechanism and preventive measures. Results: Bleeding has been reported to occur with an incidence of up to nearly 10% in various series, and can occur at any time during LC (during trocar insertion, dissection technique or slippage of clips/ ligatures or in the postoperative period. It can range from minor haematomas to life-threatening injuries to major intra-abdominal vessels (such as aorta, vena cava and iliacs. Conclusion: Good surgical technique, awareness and early recognition and management of such cases are keys to success when dealing with this problem.

  6. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under epidural anesthesia: A feasibility study

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    Ranendra Hajong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC is normally performed under general anesthesia. But of late this operation has been tried under regional anesthesia successfully without any added complications like epidural anesthesia. Aims: The aim of the study was to study the feasibility of performing LC under epidural anesthesia in normal patients so that the benefits could be extended to those high-risk patients having symptomatic gallstone disease and compromised cardio-pulmonary status where general anesthesia is contraindicated. Materials and Methods: In all, 20 patients with the American Society of Anesthesiologist′s class I or II were enrolled in the study. The level of epidural block and satisfaction score, both for the patient and the surgeon, were noted in the study. Results: The LC was performed successfully under epidural anesthesia in all but two patients who had severe shoulder pain in spite of giving adequate analgesia and were converted to general anesthesia. Conclusions: The LC can be performed safely under epidural anesthesia with understanding between patient and surgeon. However, careful assessment of complications in the patients should be done to make the procedure safer.

  7. Ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Is it safe and cost effective?

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    Ali Athar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC is the most commonly performed minimal invasive surgery. However, practice of its use as an ambulatory surgery in our hospital settings is uncommon. Objective : To evaluate safety and cost effectiveness of LC as an ambulatory day care surgery. Study Design : Quasiexperimental. Setting : Department of surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Materials and Methods : Patients with uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones were selected for Ambulatory LC. They were admitted electively on the same day and operated on in the morning hours and discharged after a check by the surgeon 6-8 hrs later. Results : Of fifty (n = 50 patients selected for ambulatory LC, 92% were discharged successfully after 6-8 hrs observation. No significant perioperative complications were noted. Unplanned admission and readmission rate was 8 and 2%, respectively. Cost saving for the daycare surgery was Rs. 6,200, Rs. 13,300, and Rs.22,800 per patient as compared to in patient general, semiprivate, and private ward package, respectively. Conclusion : Practice ambulatory LC is safe and cost-effective in selected patients with uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones.

  8. Instrumental detection of cystic duct stones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Amir Kambal; Tomos Richards; Harsha Jayamanne; Zeyed Sallami; Ashraf Rasheed and Taha Lazim

    2014-01-01

     Residual  cystic  duct  stones  (CDSs)  after cholecystectomy  have  been  recognized  as  a  cause  of  post-cholecystectomy pain. This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of CDSs during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). A cohort of 330 consecutive patients (80 males and 250 females) undergoing LC between November 2006 and May 2010 was studied. Their age ranged between 16 and 88 years (median 50, IQR: 36.62). The data were prospectively collected of preoperative liver function tests, imaging, the presence of intraoperative CDSs, and common bile duct stones at on-table cholangiogram. CDSs were detected intraoperatively in 64 of the 330 patients (19%). Ultrasound failed to detect CDSs in any of these cases. Deranged liver function tests were noted in 73% of the patients with CDSs and in 57% without CDSs. Common bile duct stones were detected in 9% (29) of the 330 patients. CDSs occur commonly at routine cholecystectomy, and preoperative investigations are not helpful in their diagnosis. As CDSs may lead to postoperative morbidity, they should be actively sought out during surgery if present.

  9. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MUSCLE SPLITTING VERSUS MUSCLE DIVIDING INCISION IN OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY

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    Sanjeev

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Many incision have been advocated and used for open cholecystectomy. It is the muscle division which is supposed to be responsible for postoperative pain and the resultant local and systemic effects. This study was undertaken at BPSGMC for woman at Khanpurkalan to know whether muscle splitting technique for open cholecystectomy affects postoperative pain, discomfort and encourages early mobilization with reduction in hospital stay compared with traditional rectus muscle dividing open cholecystectomy. About one hundred female patients were randomly divided into two groups and observations were noted. Pain measurement was done by simple pain, sedation and nausea scoring system as given by Dr. Ann Coleman. The day on which patient became mobile and were fit for discharge were noted in both groups. It was found in this study that the muscle splitting incision is superior to muscle dividing incision in term of less pain, early mobility, less physiological alteration, decreased morbidity and hospital stay.

  10. Early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography after laparoscopic cholecystectomy can strain the occurrence of trocar site hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumer, Fatih; Kayaalp, Cuneyt; Yagci, Mehmet Ali; Otan, Emrah; Kocaaslan, Huseyin

    2014-11-16

    This study reports a 69-year-old, obese, female patient presenting with a biliary leakage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. Closure of the umbilical trocar site had been neglected during the laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Early, on postoperative day five, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) requirement after laparoscopic cholecystectomy resolved the biliary leakage problem but resulted with a more complicated clinical picture with an intestinal obstruction and severe abdominal pain. Computed tomography revealed a strangulated hernia from the umbilical trocar site. Increased abdominal pressure during ERCP had strained the weak umbilical trocar site. Emergency surgical intervention through the umbilicus revealed an ischemic small bowel segment which was treated with resection and anastomosis. This report demonstrates that negligence of trocar site closure can result in very early herniation, particularly if an endoscopic intervention is required in the early postoperative period. PMID:25400872

  11. Pancreatitis of biliary origin, optimal timing of cholecystectomy (PONCHO trial: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

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    Bouwense Stefan A

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background After an initial attack of biliary pancreatitis, cholecystectomy minimizes the risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis and other gallstone-related complications. Guidelines advocate performing cholecystectomy within 2 to 4 weeks after discharge for mild biliary pancreatitis. During this waiting period, the patient is at risk of recurrent biliary events. In current clinical practice, surgeons usually postpone cholecystectomy for 6 weeks due to a perceived risk of a more difficult dissection in the early days following pancreatitis and for logistical reasons. We hypothesize that early laparoscopic cholecystectomy minimizes the risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis or other complications of gallstone disease in patients with mild biliary pancreatitis without increasing the difficulty of dissection and the surgical complication rate compared with interval laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods/Design PONCHO is a randomized controlled, parallel-group, assessor-blinded, superiority multicenter trial. Patients are randomly allocated to undergo early laparoscopic cholecystectomy, within 72 hours after randomization, or interval laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 25 to 30 days after randomization. During a 30-month period, 266 patients will be enrolled from 18 hospitals of the Dutch Pancreatitis Study Group. The primary endpoint is a composite endpoint of mortality and acute re-admissions for biliary events (that is, recurrent biliary pancreatitis, acute cholecystitis, symptomatic/obstructive choledocholithiasis requiring endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography including cholangitis (with/without endoscopic sphincterotomy, and uncomplicated biliary colics occurring within 6 months following randomization. Secondary endpoints include the individual endpoints of the composite endpoint, surgical and other complications, technical difficulty of cholecystectomy and costs. Discussion The PONCHO trial is designed to show that early

  12. Role of preoperative sonography in predicting conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tosun, Alptekin, E-mail: tosun_alptekin@yahoo.com [Giresun University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Hancerliogullari, Kadir Oymen [Giresun University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Surgery (Turkey); Serifoglu, Ismail [Bulent Ecevit University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Capan, Yavuz [Gaziantep Primer Hospital, Department of Surgery (Turkey); Ozkaya, Enis [Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children' s Health Training and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Turkey)

    2015-03-15

    Highlights: •The purpose of this study was to establish a radiologic view on prediction of conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. The study may be a guide for the surgeon to prefer laparoscopic or open surgery. -- Abstract: Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the first step treatment in cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to establish a radiologic view on prediction of conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Methods: This study included 176 patients who had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Preoperative ultrasonographic findings were assessed and we gave points to each finding according to results from correlation analysis. After the scoring we investigated the relationship between ultrasonographic findings and conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Results: Scoring significantly predicted failure in laparoscopic approach (AUC = 0.758, P = 0.003,). Optimal cut off score was found to be 1.95 with 67% sensitivity and 78% specificity. Score > 1.95 was a risk factor for failure in laparoscopic approach [odds ratio = 7.1(95% CI,2-24.9, P = 0.002)]. There were 8 subjects out of 36(22%) with high score underwent open surgery while 4 out of 128 (3%) subjects with low score needed open surgery (p = 0.002). Negative predictive value of 128/132 = 97%. Mean score of whole study population was 1.28 (range 0–8.8) and mean score of subjects underwent open surgery was 3.6 while it was 1.1 in successful laparoscopic approach group (p < 0.001). Mean Age and BMI were similar between groups (p > 0.05). Sex of subjects did not affect the success of surgery (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The contribution of preoperative ultrasonography is emphasized in many studies. Our study suggests quantitative results on conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. We believe that radiologists have to indicate the risk of conversion in their ultrasonography reports.

  13. Role of preoperative sonography in predicting conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •The purpose of this study was to establish a radiologic view on prediction of conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. The study may be a guide for the surgeon to prefer laparoscopic or open surgery. -- Abstract: Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the first step treatment in cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to establish a radiologic view on prediction of conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Methods: This study included 176 patients who had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Preoperative ultrasonographic findings were assessed and we gave points to each finding according to results from correlation analysis. After the scoring we investigated the relationship between ultrasonographic findings and conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Results: Scoring significantly predicted failure in laparoscopic approach (AUC = 0.758, P = 0.003,). Optimal cut off score was found to be 1.95 with 67% sensitivity and 78% specificity. Score > 1.95 was a risk factor for failure in laparoscopic approach [odds ratio = 7.1(95% CI,2-24.9, P = 0.002)]. There were 8 subjects out of 36(22%) with high score underwent open surgery while 4 out of 128 (3%) subjects with low score needed open surgery (p = 0.002). Negative predictive value of 128/132 = 97%. Mean score of whole study population was 1.28 (range 0–8.8) and mean score of subjects underwent open surgery was 3.6 while it was 1.1 in successful laparoscopic approach group (p < 0.001). Mean Age and BMI were similar between groups (p > 0.05). Sex of subjects did not affect the success of surgery (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The contribution of preoperative ultrasonography is emphasized in many studies. Our study suggests quantitative results on conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. We believe that radiologists have to indicate the risk of conversion in their ultrasonography reports

  14. Retroperitoneal abscess with retained gall-stones as a late complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Kamiński Mateusz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the golden standard, considering treatment of cholelithiasis. During the laparoscopic procedure one may often observe damage to the gall-bladder wall, as well as presence of gall-stones in the peritoneal cavity, as compared to classical surgery. These gall-stones may be associated with the occurrence of various complications following surgery. The study presented a rare case of a retroperitoneal abscess, as a consequence of retained gall-stones, in a female patient who was subject to laparoscopic cholecystectomy two years earlier.

  15. Endoscopic sphincterotomy for common bile duct stones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and effective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Henrik Loft; Vilmann, Peter; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    Management strategy for common bile duct (CBD) stones is controversial with several treatment options if stones in the CBD are recognized intraoperatively. The aim of this study was to report our experience with same-session combined endoscopic-laparoscopic treatment of gallbladder and CBD stones....... We retrospectively evaluated 31 patients with cholecystolithiasis and CBD stones undergoing same-session combined endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with sphincterotomy and endoscopic stone extraction and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Same-session ERCP and sphincterotomy were...... pancreatitis postoperatively and no other morbidity or mortality. In conclusion, same-session ERCP with stone extraction and laparoscopic cholecystectomy seems to be a safe and effective treatment strategy for CBD stones....

  16. Pain after microlaparoscopic cholecystectomy. A randomized double-blind controlled study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, T; Klarskov, B; Trap, R;

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is traditionally performed with two 10-mm and two 5-mm trocars. The effect of smaller port incisions on pain has not been established in controlled studies. METHODS: In a double-blind controlled study, patients were randomized to LC or cholecystectomy......: The study was discontinued after inclusion of 26 patients because five of the 13 patients (38%) randomized to micro-LC were converted to LC. In the remaining 21 patients, overall pain and incisional pain intensity during the first 3 h postoperatively increased in the LC group (n = 13) compared...

  17. An Option of Conservative Management of a Duodenal Injury Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

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    MA Modi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Duodenal injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is rare complications with catastrophic sequelae. Most injuries are attributed to thermal burns with electrocautery following adhesiolysis and have a delayed presentation requiring surgical intervention. We present a case of a 47-year-old gentleman operated on for laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a bilious drain postoperatively; for which an ERC was done showing choledocholithiasis with cystic duct stump blow-out and a drain in the duodenum suggestive of an iatrogenic duodenal injury. He was managed conservatively like a duodenal fistula and recovered without undergoing any intervention.

  18. Inflammatory response to surgical trauma in patients with minilaparotomy cholecystectomy versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomised multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aspinen, Samuli; Kinnunen, Mari; Harju, Jukka; Juvonen, Petri; Selander, Tuomas; Holopainen, Anu; Kokki, Hannu; Pulkki, Kari; Eskelinen, Matti

    2016-06-01

    Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the inflammatory response to surgical trauma in minilaparotomy cholecystectomy (MC) compared to laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Assessment of inflammatory response to surgical trauma in MC has not been addressed properly. Therefore, we investigated five interleukins (IL) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in MC versus LC group in a prospective randomised trial. Methods Initially, 106 patients with non-complicated symptomatic gallstone disease were randomised into MC (n = 56) or LC (n = 50) groups. Plasma levels of five interleukins (IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10) and hs-CRP were measured at three time points; before operation (PRE), immediately after operation (POP1) and six hours after operation (POP2). The primary end-point of the study was to compare the plasma levels of five interleukins and CRP in LC versus MC group. Results The demographic variables and the surgical data were similar in the study groups. The patients in the MC group had higher elevation of the CRP mean values post-operatively (p = 0.01). However, the patients in the MC group had higher elevation of the IL-1ra mean values post-operatively, the mean pre-/post-operative IL-1ra values being 299/614 pg/ml in the MC group versus 379/439 pg/ml in the LC group (p = 0.003). There was no statistical significance in IL-6 mean values between the MC and LC groups pre- and post-operatively (POP1). However, the patients in the MC group had higher IL-6 mean values six hours post-operatively (POP2), the mean IL-6 values being 27.6 pg/ml in the MC group versus 14.8 pg/ml in the LC group (p = 0.037). In addition, the patients in the MC group had higher elevation of the IL-6 mean values post-operatively, the mean pre-/post-operative IL-6 values being 4.1/27.6 pg/ml in the MC group versus 3.8/14.8 pg/ml in the LC group (p = 0.04). There was no statistical significance in IL-8, IL-10, and IL-1β mean values between the MC and LC

  19. A Multimodal Approach in Coil Embolization of a Bile Leak Following Cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bile leak is a well-known complication of cholecystectomy. Endoscopic drainage and decompression of the biliary system including temporary insertion of a biliary stent is generally considered the treatment of choice. We report the successful obliteration of a bile leak using fibered platinum coils placed under fluoroscopic guidance after stent treatment had failed

  20. Randomized clinical trial of single- versus multi-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad; Rosenberg, J; Al-Tayar, H;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There are no randomized studies that compare outcomes after single-incision (SLC) and conventional multi-incision (MLC) laparoscopic cholecystectomy under an optimized perioperative analgesic regimen. METHODS: This patient- and assessor-blinded randomized three-centre clinical trial...

  1. MODIFIED THREE PORT LAP A ROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY: HOW WE DO IT DIFFERENTLY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT : The modified three port laparoscopic cholecystectomy technique has the same comfort and feasibility to the surgeon similar to regular three or four port surgery along with added advantage of less pain and better cosmetic appearance to the patient. The procedure is simple and can be conducted in acute and chronic cholecystits in any laparoscopic centre practicing laparoscopy.

  2. Risk factors for conversion during laparoscopic cholecystectomy - experiences from a general teaching hospital.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steeg, H.J.J. van der; Alexander, S.; Houterman, S.; Slooter, G.D.; Roumen, R.M.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for treating symptomatic cholelithiasis. Conversion, however, is sometimes necessary. The aim of this study was to determine predictive factors of conversion in patients undergoing LC for various indications in elective and

  3. Obstructive jaundice as a complication of a right hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Chih-Yang Hsiao; Ting-Chun Kuo; Hong-Shiee Lai; Ching-Yao Yang; Yu-Wen Tien

    2015-01-01

    A hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare, but a potentially life-threatening complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Obstructive jaundice owing to a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after LC has never been reported. We report a patient with a hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after LC who presented with tarry stools, bloody drainage and obstructive jaundice.

  4. Randomized clinical trial comparing oral prednisone (50 mg) with placebo before laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Thue; Schulze, S.; Hjortso, N.C.; Rosenberg, Jacob; Kristiansen, V.B.

    2008-01-01

    Background Intravenous administration of dexamethasone 90 min before laparoscopic cholecystectomy improves surgical outcome but may be impractical. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of oral self-administration of prednisone 2 h before ambulatory laparoscopic cholecys......Background Intravenous administration of dexamethasone 90 min before laparoscopic cholecystectomy improves surgical outcome but may be impractical. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of oral self-administration of prednisone 2 h before ambulatory laparoscopic...... cholecystectomy. Methods In a double-blind placebo-controlled study, 200 patients were randomized to oral administration of prednisone (50 mg) or placebo 2 h before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients received a similar standardized anaesthetic, surgical, and analgesic treatment. The primary outcome was pain...... 24 h after surgery and secondary outcomes were fatigue and malaise 24 h after surgery. Outcome parameters were registered before operation, on the day of operation, and the following two days. Analgesic and antiemetic requirements were registered, and nausea and vomiting were assessed twice within...

  5. Intent at day case laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Owerri, Nigeria: Initial experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Nonso Ekwunife

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been the default operation for cholelithiasis at Federal Medical Centre, Owerri for the past 2 years and the outcomes have been good. The duration of post operative stay has been decreasing. We therefore initiated a preliminary 2-year prospective study in May 2010 to determine the feasibility of carrying out day case laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our hospital. Materials and Methods: Patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study if they satisfied the following criteria: Age < 65 years, body mass index < 35 kg/m 2 , American Society of Anaesthesiology physical status class I and II, patient residence within 20 km radius of the hospital, patient acceptance of the procedure and absence of previous complicated upper abdominal surgery. Results: Twelve patients (10 females, 2 males were worked up with the intent of achieving same-day discharge of the patients. Five of the patients (41.7% were discharged on the day of operation. The reasons for overnight stay included inadequate pain control, insertion of drain and patient wishes. There was no conversion to open surgery, no major complications and no case of readmission to the hospital. Conclusions: Day case laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our environment could be safely promoted but will depend on improved facilities and patient enlightenment.

  6. Biohumoral and endocrine parameters in assessment of surgical trauma in open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radunović Miodrag

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Every surgical procedure causes metabolic, endocrine, and hemodynamic stress in the organism. The aim of this work was to assess the extent of trauma following each of the two types of cholecystectomy (traditional/open and laparoscopic by measuring palette of biochemical parameters. Methods. This prospective, single- center study included 120 patients subjected to elective cholecystectomy during the period of one year. Sixty patients were treated laparoscopically and 60 traditionally. Biohumoral and endocrine parameters were determined from 24-hour urine and blood. We measured adrenaline, noradrenaline, metabolites of corticosteroid hormones (17-hydroxyl and 17-keto steroids, C-reactive protein (CRP, albumin, glycemia, creatine-phosphokinase (CPK, lactate-dehydrogenase (LDH, red blood cells sedimentation and serum concentration of potassium. Results. We observed significantly lower levels of adrenaline (p < 0.01, noradrenaline (p < 0.05, dopamine (p < 0.01, 17-hydroxyl (p < 0.01 and 17-keto steroids (p < 0.01, glycemia (p < 0.01, CPK (p < 0.01, LDH (p < 0.01 and red blood cells sedimentation (p < 0.01 following laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared to traditional one. Significant increase in CRP levels was recorded postoperatively in both groups (p < 0.05, as well as significant decrease in serum albumin values (p < 0.05. Duration of the hospitalization following laparoscopic cholecystectomy was significantly shorter (p < 0.01. Conclusion. The intensity of organism response is proportional to the intensity of surgical trauma. Metabolic, tissue and neuroendocrine response of organism to trauma has lower intensity after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  7. Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A new gold standard for cholecystectomy? Colecistectomía laparoscópica ambulatoria: ¿El nuevo "gold standard" de la colecistectomía?

    OpenAIRE

    J. Bueno Lledó; M. Planells Roig; C. Arnau Bertomeu; A. Sanahuja Santafé; M. Oviedo Bravo; R. García Espinosa; R. Martí Obiol; A. Espí Salinas

    2006-01-01

    Objective: to contribute our experience for five years in the implemetation of outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Patients: between January 1999 and March 2004 we performed 504 outpatient LCs. We applied both exclusion and inclusion criteria, an anesthetic and surgical protocol, and discharge-specific criteria. Postoperative management in "fast track" regime. Postoperative period controlled by protocol, including phone calls after cholecystectomy. Results: the ambulatory percentage...

  8. The quality of cholecystectomy in Denmark: outcome and risk factors for 20,307 patients from the national database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harboe, Kirstine Moll; Bardram, Linda

    2011-01-01

    20,307 cholecystectomies from a national prospective database that combines administrative data with clinical data. This report states the quality of cholecystectomy in Denmark, establishes benchmarks, and identifies significant risk factors. Methods The Danish Cholecystectomy Database was queried...... for data from 2006 to 2009. The outcome measures included conversion rate, hospital length of stay (LOS), readmission, additional procedures, and 30-day mortality. Patient characteristics and operative findings were analyzed as risk factors using stepwise backward logistic regression. Results The...... a low conversion rate and a high frequency of short admissions without readmission. Acute cholecystitis and open procedure are important risk factors for poorer outcomes.The results of this study analyzing a large, unbiased population can be used to benchmark outcomes of cholecystectomy....

  9. Hemodynamic stability in total intravenous propofol anesthesia with midazolam coinduction versus general balanced anaesthesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Šurbatović Maja; Vesić Zoran; Đorđević Dragan; Radaković Sonja; Zeba Snježana; Jovanović Duško; Novaković Marijan

    2012-01-01

    Background/Aim. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be a greater challenge for anesthesiologist than for surgeon if the patient is ASA III with concomitant cardiovascular diseases. The aim of our study was to compare the effect of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA - propofol with midazolam) and general balanced anesthesia (GBA - midazolam, thiopenton, nitrous oxide and O2) on hemodynamic stability in the ASA III patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. In our study, 6...

  10. Assessment of Risk Factors for Conversion from Difficult Laparoscopic to Open Cholecystectomy - A Hospital Based Prospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Kidwai

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard in the treatment of gallstones. It has proved to be an effective and safe procedure both in elective and emergency conditions; however, conversion to open surgery is inevitable in some cases. Hence the present study was carried out to identify various factors which can predict the difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy so that an early conversion to open cholecystectomy can be considered. Material and Methods: A prospective st st study was conducted from 1 February 2011 to 31 January 2012 that included 63 patients of all age groups and both sexes who were found to have symptomatic gallstones and were scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Nepalgunj Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal. Age, sex, body mass index, previous abdominal surgery and past history of acute attack of cholecystitis of the patients were recorded. A pre-operative ultrasound was performed just prior to surgery, and three ultrasonographic parameters were analyzed, namely gall bladder wall thickness, number of stones and stone impacted in Hartmann's pouch. Intra-operative causes for difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy like adhesions in Calot's triangle and gall bladder perforation with bile leak were also evaluated. Results: Total number of patients in this study was 63; out of which difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy was seen in 25(39.7 patients and 7(11.1 patients required conversion to open cholecystectomy. Ultrasonography was good at predicting difficulty in each component with exception of gall bladder wall thickness which was not statistically significant. Conclusion: BMI, ultrasonographic finding of presence of multiple stone or stones impacted in Hartmann's pouch, adhesion in Calot's triangle and gall bladder perforations are predictors of difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  11. Evolution of SILS Cholecystectomy in the Caribbean: The Direct Transfascial Puncture Technique Using Conventional Instruments without Working Ports

    OpenAIRE

    Cawich, Shamir O.; Dexter Thomas; Dale Hassranah; Vijay Naraynsingh

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has become accepted as an alternative to conventional multiport cholecystectomy. However, SILC is still limited in applicability in low resource centres due to the expense associated with specialized access platforms, curved instruments, and flexible scopes. Presentation of Case. We present three cases where a modified SILC technique was used with conventional instruments and no working ports. The evolution of this technique is...

  12. A review on the status of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES cholecystectomy: techniques and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael C Meadows

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Michael C Meadows1,3, Ronald S Chamberlain1,2,31Department of Surgery, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, NJ, USA; 2Department of Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA; 3Saint George’s University, School of Medicine, West Indies, GrenadaIntroduction: The evolution of techniques for the performance of a cholecystectomy over the last 25 years has been swift. The laparoscopic approach is now the gold standard for removal of the gall bladder and is the most frequently performed minimally invasive procedure globally. Currently in its infancy stage, natural orifice transluminal endoscopy surgery, or NOTES, is purported to be the next leap forward in minimally invasive approaches. The safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of this procedure, as well as the significance of potential benefits to patients beyond current surgical approaches are yet undetermined.Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using PubMed, a search engine ­created by the National Library of Medicine. Keywords used in the search included “natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery”, “NOTES”, “cholecystectomy”, “transcolonic”, “transvaginal”, and “transgastric”. The accumulated literature was critically analyzed and reviewed.Results: One-hundred and eighty-six cases of NOTES cholecystectomies have been published to date. Of these, 174 have been performed through a transvaginal approach. The remainder of the procedures were performed transgastrically. There are no published reports of ­transcolonic cholecystectomies performed in humans. Four of 186 cases (2.15% were converted to traditional laparoscopy due to intraoperative complications. No significant complications or mortalities have been reported.Conclusion: NOTES cholecystectomy appears to be a feasible procedure. However, technical, safety, and ethical issues remain relatively unresolved. Besides improved cosmesis, whether additional

  13. A randomized controlled trial to compare a restrictive strategy to usual care for the effectiveness of cholecystectomy in patients with symptomatic gallstones (SECURE trial protocol)

    OpenAIRE

    de Reuver, P. R.; van Dijk, A. H.; Wennmacker, S. Z.; Lamberts, M. P.; Boerma, D.; Den Oudsten, B. L.; Dijkgraaf, M G W; Donkervoort, S. C.; Roukema, J.A.; Westert, G.P.; Drenth, J.P.H.; van Laarhoven, C. J. H.; Boermeester, M A

    2016-01-01

    Background Five to 22 % of the adult Western population has gallstones. Among them, 13 to 22 % become symptomatic during their lifetime. Cholecystectomy is the preferred treatment for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. Remarkably, cholecystectomy provides symptom relief in only 60-70 % of patients. The objective of this trial is to compare the effectiveness of usual (operative) care with a restrictive strategy using a standardized work-up with stepwise selection for cholecystectomy in patients ...

  14. Preoperative Risk Factors for Conversion of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy to Open Surgery - A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philip Rothman, Josephine; Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Viereck, Søren; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    to open surgery. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched systematically in March 2014. Observational studies evaluating preoperative risk factors for conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery in patients with gallstone disease were included. The outcome variables extracted were......BACKGROUND: Preoperative risk factors for the conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery have been identified, but never been explored systematically. Our objective was to systematically present the evidence of preoperative risk factors for conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy......, and acute cholecystitis were risk factors for the conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery. Furthermore, there was no association between diabetes mellitus or white blood cell count and conversion to open surgery....

  15. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on the safety and effectiveness of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gurusamy, K; Samraj, K; Gluud, C; Wilson, E; Davidson, B R

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND:: In many countries laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is mainly performed after the acute episode has settled because of the anticipated increased risk of morbidity and higher conversion rate from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy. METHODS:: A systematic review was...... performed with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC; performed within 1 week of onset of symptoms) versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (performed at least 6 weeks after symptoms settled) for acute cholecystitis. Trials were identified from The.......03) days). CONCLUSION:: ELC during acute cholecystitis appears safe and shortens the total hospital stay. Copyright (c) 2009 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd....

  16. Evolution of virtual CT laparoscopy for preoperative imaging in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of virtual endoscopy, named as ''virtual CT laparoscopy'', in the hepatobiliary system prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We applied this technique to 28 patients suspected of having biliary disease. These images were compared and analyzed qualitatively based on visualization of the structures critical to operative cholangiography and surgical findings. Twenty-four patients, who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, were evaluated as follows: the common bile duct and the hepatic duct were adequately visualized in 23 (96%) of the 24 patients, the cystic duct in 21 (88%), the gallbladder opacification in 20 (83%), the liver inferior surface in 20 (83%). Four patients had anatomic variations detected virtual CT laparoscopy and were proven by operative cholangiography and surgical findings. We emphasize that our new technique may contribute to the laparoscopy during surgery as the aid of understanding of anatomical structures in these organs. (author)

  17. Late infective endocarditis after cholecystectomy in a patient with repaired tetralogy of Fallot: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cayhl, Murat; Demir, Mesut; Yaliniz, Hafize; Ulus, Tümer; Acartürk, Esmeray

    2004-12-01

    Late endocarditis after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot is rare. We describe a case of endocarditis following cholecystectomy in a 22-year old patient with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. After cholecystectomy, the patient was referred to a cardiology clinic with unexplained fever and suspicion of endocarditis. Echocardiography revealed a large mass at the basal level of interventricular septum. Endocarditis was diagnosed on the basis of clinical and echocardiographic findings and antibiotic treatment was initiated immediately. Nine days later, the clinical status of the patient deteriorated and urgent surgery was performed. Patch dehiscence which mimicked a large vegetation, and multiple vegetations on the patch were found during operation. The patch was removed and ventricular septum defect was repaired with a new dacron patch. Enterobacter agglomerans was isolated in the vegetation cultures. PMID:15856630

  18. Prophylactic Antiemetic Therapy with Ondansetron,Granisetron and Metoclopramide in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Under GA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishal Gupta, Renu Wakhloo, Anjali Mehta, Satya Dev Gupta

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to compare the antiemetic effect of intravenous Granisetron, Ondansetron& Metoclopramide in a randomized blinded study for prophylaxis of post operative nausea and vomiting(PONV in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia. 60 patients(ASA I & II undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia were randomly allocatedinto three equal groups (n=20. Emetic episodes in first 24 hours were recorded and compared in differentstudy groups. Results were analyzed. Minimal emetic episodes were observed in early post-operativeperiod (1-12hrs in patients who had received intravenous granisetron in comparison to ondansetron andmetoclopramide. However, after 12 hours emesis free periods were statistically insignificant betweengroup A and B while patients in group C had no antiemetic effect.

  19. Effect Observation on Heat-sensitive Moxibustion for Abdominal Distension Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei Hua-hua

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of heat-sensitive moxibustion on abdominal distension following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: A total of 240 cases were randomly allocated into an observation group and a control group according to their admission sequence, 120 in each group. Cases in the observation group were treated with conventional care, glycerol enema and heat sensitive moxibustion, whereas cases in the control group were only treated with conventional care and glycerol enema. Then the passage of gas by anus within 24 h and improvement of abdominal distension were observed in both groups. Results: There were statistical differences in the emergence time of bowel sounds and the initial passage of gas by anus between the two groups (bothP Conclusion: Heat-sensitive moxibustion has reliable effect for abdominal distension following laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  20. Tromboprofilaxia na colecistectomia videolaparoscópica Thromboprofilaxis for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Maciel

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Inspirados no caso de um paciente que desenvolveu tromboembolia pulmonar três dias após a realização de uma colecistectomia videolaparoscópica, mesmo tendo feito uso de heparina não fracionada no pré e nas primeiras 24hs de pós-operatório.Os autores analisaram a ocorrência de tromboembolia venosa na colecistectomia videolaparoscópica , os fatores de risco, as medidas de tromboprofilaxia e sugerem a conduta a ser adotada neste tipo de procedimento.Based in a case of a patient who developed pulmonary embolism three days after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in spite of using unfrationated heparin starting before surgery and mantained in the first 24hs postoperatively. The authors have analysed the risk factors and the rate of VTE in laparoscopic cholecystectomy , the use of thromboprofilaxis and suggested procedures that should be adopted

  1. Absence of analgesic effect of intravenous melatonin administration during daytime after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars Peter Holst; Kücükakin, Bülent; Werner, Mads U;

    2014-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether melatonin administered intraoperatively reduced pain following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study. SETTING: Two surgical departments in Copenhagen. PATIENTS: 44 women between 18 and 70 years of age, who...... mg of intravenous (IV) melatonin or placebo were administered at the time of surgical incision. MEASUREMENTS: Pain was assessed by a set of questionnaires documenting "pain at rest" using a visual analog scale (VAS). The use of rescue medication was recorded. Sleep quality and general well-being were...... between the two groups in the postoperative period. The use of postoperative rescue medication did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The use of 10mg of IV melatonin administered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy did not affect postoperative pain or use of analgesic medication....

  2. FACTORS AFFECTING CONVERSION OF LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY TO OPEN SURGERY IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC is most commonly performed hepatobiliary minimally access surgery worldwide. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard treatment for symptomatic gallstone diseases. However, there still is a substantial proportion of patients in whom laparoscopic cholecystectomy cannot be successfully performed and for whom conversion to open surgery is required. The NIH postulated that the outcome of LCs would be greatly influenced by surgeon-specific factors such as training, experience, skill and judgment.(1 In addition numerous patient and disease-related factors, such as male gender, obesity, old age (>65, prior abdominal surgery, acute cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis and anomalous anatomy have been reported as significant risk factors for conversion to the open procedure.(2-5 Although the rate of conversion to open surgery and the complication rate are low in experienced hands, the surgeon should not enter the Operating Room with idea of opening the abdomen in difficult case as failure or insult to the surgeon. Various preoperative factors can help in deciding the difficult gallbladder and conversion to open cholecystectomy. The aim of this study is to predict the difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the possibility of conversion to open cholecystectomy before and during surgery using the clinical and ultrasonographic criteria in our setup. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective study was performed in SRM Medical College and Hospital of all patients who underwent LC during (May 2013 to October 2015 was performed. The LCs were performed by 12 trained certified surgeons. The decision to convert to open was made by the individual surgeon and the reason for conversion was extracted from the patient’s medical record (operative report prospectively. The inclusion and exclusion criteria defined. All operations were performed with the patient under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation

  3. Portal vein thrombosis following laparoscopic cholecystectomy complicated by dengue viral infection: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Naraynsingh Vijay; Seetahal Shiva; King Kevin; Dan Dilip; Hariharan Seetharaman

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Portal vein thrombosis is an uncommon post-operative complication following abdominal surgery. Although therapeutic anticoagulation is recommended, this treatment may be questionable when the patient has an associated bleeding diathesis. Case presentation We report a case of a 63-year-old woman of Asian Indian ethnicity who developed portal vein thrombosis following an uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones. Her condition was further complicat...

  4. The Influence of Kinesio Taping on the Effects of Physiotherapy in Patients after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Marcin Krajczy; Katarzyna Bogacz; Jacek Luniewski; Jan Szczegielniak

    2012-01-01

    Physiotherapy in patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CHL) is impeded by postoperative pain which causes a decline in patients’ activity, reduces respiratory muscles’ function, and affects patients’ ability to look after themselves. The objective of this work was to assess the influence of Kinesio Taping (KT) on pain level and the increase in effort tolerance in patients after CHL. The research included 63 patients after CHL. Test group and control group included randomly selected vol...

  5. Comparisons of Prediction Models of Quality of Life after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Longitudinal Prospective Study

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Hon-Yi; Lee, Hao-Hsien; Tsai, Jinn-Tsong; Ho, Wen-Hsien; Chen, Chieh-Fan; Lee, King-Teh; Chiu, Chong-Chi

    2012-01-01

    Background Few studies of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) outcome have used longitudinal data for more than two years. Moreover, no studies have considered group differences in factors other than outcome such as age and nonsurgical treatment. Additionally, almost all published articles agree that the essential issue of the internal validity (reproducibility) of the artificial neural network (ANN), support vector machine (SVM), Gaussian process regression (GPR) and multiple linear regression...

  6. Postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy and increased rates of cholecystectomy and appendectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Mamdani, M M; Tu, K; van Walraven, C.; Austin, P. C; Naylor, C D

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Several studies have indicated that estrogen may prime inflammatory and nociceptive pathways, leading to symptoms that mimic cholecystitis. We set out to confirm the relation between recent estrogen use and cholecystectomy in postmenopausal women and to test the novel hypothesis that a similar relation exists for appendectomy. METHODS: We developed a retrospective cohort using prescribing and surgical procedure information from health administrative databases for approximately 800...

  7. Experience of laparoscopic cholecystectomy during a steep learning curve at a university hospital

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Cholelithiasis is the most common disease of alimentary tract affecting the adult population globally and our country in particular is no exception to it as a cause of hospitalization. Surgical removal of gall bladder is the main stay of symptomatic cholelithiasis ensuring a permanent cure. The minimally invasive technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has gained wide acceptance as a Gold Standard treatment ever since its introduction. The purpose of this prospective observational study was to document our experience of laparoscopic Cholecystectomy during a learning curve in a single unit of a university hospital and compare it with other available data in the literature. Methods: Total 94 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the learning curve from Jan 2009 to Dec 2010 in the Department of Surgery Liaquat University Hospital Jamshoro. Results: Mean age was 42 years with females (88.29%) preponderance. Majority of the cases were operated by consultants (85.10%) within 25-60 minutes. Postoperative hospital stay was 3 days with return to work in 7 days. Only 6 (6.38%) cases were converted to open technique. Intra-peritoneal drains and Foley catheter were kept in selected cases only. Eleven patients (11.70%) had intra-operative complications including complete transaction of CBD in only one (1.06%) male patient. Five patients (5.31%) had postoperative complications with two patients having iatrogenic duodenal injury which was not identified during surgery and pseudo cyst pancreas. Four patients (4.25%) died due to multiple organ failure. Conclusion: We conclude that Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is a gold standard procedure and should be learned on virtual simulated models before starting this procedure on human patients. (author)

  8. Role of flupirtine as a preemptive analgesic in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Yadav, Ghanshyam; Behera, Shailaja Shankar; Das, Saurabh Kumar; Jain, Gaurav; Choupoo, Sujali; Raj, Janak

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims: Postsurgical pain is the leading complaint after laparoscopic cholecystectomy that may delay the postoperative recovery and hence we undertook a prospective randomized trial to analyze the role of flupirtine as a preemptive analgesic for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing above surgery. Material and Methods: A total of 66 cases were randomly assigned to two groups to receive capsule flupirtine (200 mg) or capsule vitamin B complex administered orally, 2 h be...

  9. [Endoscopic cholecystectomy. Experience of the surgical team at the Saint-Charles hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abousleiman, C; Husseini, H; Cherfane, M; Baaklini, J; Rouhana, G; Saad, H

    1993-01-01

    The laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been a major event in the progress of surgical techniques during the last few years and becomes more and more present every day in the surgeon's life. We present our experience with our 26 first patients. The results are similar to those already published in the literature. No procedure was converted to laparotomy. No major complications were noted. The team work is stressed upon and advised to our Lebanese colleagues. PMID:8057331

  10. One-stop cholecystectomy clinic: an application of lean thinking--can it improve the outcomes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddique, Khurram; Elsayed, Sameh Effat Abd; Cheema, Raza; Mirza, Shirin; Basu, Sanjoy

    2012-11-01

    Lean thinking principles were utilised to set up 'One-stop cholecystectomy clinics' at which patients underwent the surgical and the preoperative assessment during the same visit. The main aims were to reduce the number of patient hospital visits, preoperative admissions and the waiting time to surgery. The results showed a significant reduction in the number of patient visits as well as the waiting time to surgery thus highlighting that patientcare can be improved by good team working and lean management. PMID:23311022

  11. Risk Factors for Development of Biliary Stricture in Patients Presenting with Bile Leak after Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Lokesh, Hosur Mayanna; Pottakkat, Biju; Prakash, Anand; Singh, Rajneesh Kumar; Behari, Anu; Kumar, Ashok; Kapoor, Vinay Kumar; Saxena, Rajan

    2013-01-01

    Background/Aims This study was aimed at determining the factors associated with the development of benign biliary stricture (BBS) in patients who had sustained a bile duct injury (BDI) at cholecystectomy and developed bile leaks. Methods A retrospective analysis of 214 patients with BDI who were referred to our center between January 1989 and December 2009 was done. Results One hundred fifty-three (71%) patients developed BBS (group I), and 61 (29%) were normal (group II). By univariate analy...

  12. Abnormal right hepatic artery injury resulting in right hepatic atrophy: diagnosed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Martino Valter; Ferrarese Alessia; Bindi Marco; Marola Silvia; Gentile Valentina; Rivelli Matteo; Ferrara Yuri; Enrico Stefano; Berti Stefano; Solej Mario

    2015-01-01

    An intact hepatic artery is the gateway to successful hepato-biliary surgery. Introduction of laproscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has stimulated a renewed interest in the anatomy of hepatic artery. In this case report we have highlighted importance of variations of right hepatic artery in terms of origin and course We present a rare asymptomatic case of liver atrophy due to an intraoperative lesion of right hepatic artery. We also performed a literature review about surgical vascular lesions and...

  13. Detection and treatment of an aneurysma spurium of the arteria hepatica dextra after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Kirschberg, Oliver; Scheding, Andreas; Saers, Thomas; Krakamp, Bernd

    2013-01-01

    Background Massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage can be the dominant symptom of decompensated liver cirrhosis, varices and ulcerations in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Postoperative complications are known to lead to these bleedings. Commonly, emergency endoscopy will be performed. Here we report of a patient with extensive bleeding caused by an aneurysma spurium of the arteria hepatica dextra induced by a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The condition was diagnosed by the Doppler ultras...

  14. Migrated endoclip and stone formation after cholecystectomy: A new danger of acute pancreatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Endoclip migration into the common bile duct following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is an extremely rare complication. Migrated endoclip into the common bile duct can cause obstruction, serve as a nidus for stone formation, and cause cholangitis. We report a case of obstructive jaundice and acute biliary pancreatitis due to choledocholithiasis caused by a migrated endoclip 6 mo after LC. The patient underwent early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction.

  15. Analgesic effect of preoperative versus intraoperative dexamethasone after laparoscopic cholecystectomy with multimodal analgesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lim, Se Hun; Jang, Eun Ho; KIM, Myoung-Hun; Cho, Kwangrae; Lee, Jeong Han; Lee, Kun Moo; Cheong, Soon Ho; Kim, Young-Jae; Shin, Chee-Mahn

    2011-01-01

    Background Pain after laparoscopy is multifactorial and different treatments have been proposed to provide pain relief. Multimodal analgesia is now recommended to prevent and treat post-laparoscopy pain. Dexamethasone is effective in reducing postoperative pain. The timing of steroid administration seems to be important. We evaluated the analgesic efficacy of preoperative intravenous dexamethasone 1 hour before versus during laparoscopic cholecystectomy with multimodal analgesia. Methods One ...

  16. The Effect of Cholecystectomy on the Histology of Antrum and Helicobacter Pylori Colonization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Özer

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Notwithstanding cholecystectomy’s being the standard cure for symptomatic gallbladder stones, it might as well trigger changes that result in the increase of duodenogastric reflux and the emergence of relevant clinic and laboratorial data. The aim of this thesis is to explore the effect of cholecystectomy on the duodenogastric reflux, histopathologic changes in the antral mucosa and Helicobacter pylori colonization. Material and Method: This prospective research is based upon data collected from 45 patients (28 of them being female and 17 of them being male patients with an average age of 50.9, who would undergo cholecystectomic surgery. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has been performed on patients before the operation and at least two months after the operation in order to examine the existence of bile in the stomach. The tissues removed from the antrum during these endoscopic biopsies have been examined to spot the histopathologic changes and the existence of Helicobacter pylori in the mucosa (chronic gastritis, activation findings, and intestinal metaplasia. Results: Duodenogastric reflux, chronic gastritis, and intestinal metaplasia have been observed to increase significantly after cholecystectomy (p<0.001 for duodenogastric reflux and chronic gastritis, p<0.05 for intestinal metaplasia. On the other hand, no significant data have been attained in terms of activation findings and the existence of H.pylori before and after the operation. Discussion: Although cholecystectomy cause duodenogastric reflux and histopathologic changes in the antrum, it does not affect  H.pylori colonization.

  17. Acute cholecystitis – early laparoskopic surgery versus antibiotic therapy and delayed elective cholecystectomy: ACDC-study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Büchler Markus W

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute cholecystitis occurs frequently in the elderly and in patients with gall stones. Most cases of severe or recurrent cholecystitis eventually require surgery, usually laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the Western World. It is unclear whether an initial, conservative approach with antibiotic and symptomatic therapy followed by delayed elective surgery would result in better morbidity and outcome than immediate surgery. At present, treatment is generally determined by whether the patient first sees a surgeon or a gastroenterologist. We wish to investigate whether both approaches are equivalent. The primary endpoint is the morbidity until day 75 after inclusion into the study. Design A multicenter, prospective, randomized non-blinded study to compare treatment outcome, complications and 75-day morbidity in patients with acute cholecystitis randomized to laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 24 hours of symptom onset or antibiotic treatment with moxifloxacin and subsequent elective cholecystectomy. For consistency in both arms moxifloxacin, a fluorquinolone with broad spectrum of activity and high bile concentration is used as antibiotic. Duration: October 2006 – November 2008 Organisation/Responsibility The trial was planned and is being conducted and analysed by the Departments of Gastroenterology and General Surgery at the University Hospital of Heidelberg according to the ethical, regulatory and scientific principles governing clinical research as set out in the Declaration of Helsinki (1989 and the Good Clinical Practice guideline (GCP. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00447304

  18. Cholecystectomy by single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS): early experience and technique standardization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceci, F; Di Grazia, C; Cipriani, B; Nicodemi, S; Corelli, S; Pecchia, M; Martellucci, A; Costantino, A; Stefanelli, F; Salvadori, C; Napoleoni, A; Parisella, M; Spaziani, E; Stagnitti, F

    2012-01-01

    Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) is a recent surgical technique, first described in the 1990s. Its aim is to optimize the esthetic result offered by laparoscopy by minimizing the number of abdominal incisions. Various preliminary studies have been carried out on the application of SILS, especially in cholecystectomy and appendectomy. This study evaluates the preliminary results of cholecystectomy by SILS (SILS™ Port) conducted between October 2009 and February 2011 on 21 patients (4 men and 17 women) with a mean age of 49.9 years and a mean Body Mass Index (BMI) of 22.8. All patients were treated by the same team, which had previously undergone six months' simulator training. There were two main selection criteria, both evaluated intraoperatively: absence of adhesions and of significant inflammatory sequelae from previous cholecystitis; and suitable distance between gallbladder and SILS access port. Conversion to traditional laparoscopy was necessary in just two cases, while an accessory trocar was introduced in another two cases. Conversion to open surgery was not necessary in any case. One case of SILS cholecystectomy was complicated by postoperative bile leakage, which was treated conservatively, as the fistula had a low output. The mean duration of hospitalization was 3.6 days. This preliminary experience led us to conclude that SILS is safe and highly satisfactory in the postoperative phase, thanks to the reduced need for painkillers and the improved esthetic result. PMID:23017290

  19. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Under Spinal Anesthesia with Low-Pressure Pneumoperitoneum - Prospective Study of 150 Cases

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    Sunder Goyal

    2012-08-01

    Materials and Methods: In a private rural medical college, 150 patients were selected prospectively for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, under low-pressure (8mmHg pneumoperitoneum and under spinal anesthesia over a span of one and a half years. Injection bupivacaine (0.5% was used for spinal anesthesia. All ports were made in a head-down position to avoid hypotension. Shoulder pain was managed by reassurance as well as by diverting the attention and sedation in a few cases. Results: We successfully performed the operations in 145 patients without major complications. Spinal anesthesia was converted to general anesthesia in five patients due to severe shoulder pain. Age varied between 21 and 75 years. Duration of operation time (skin to skin was between 40 and 80 minutes. Twenty-nine patients complained of right shoulder pain. Most of them were managed by reassurance from the anesthetist and a few needed an injection of fentanyl along with midazolam. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with low-pressure CO2 pneumoperitoneum is feasible and safe under spinal anesthesia. Incidence of postoperative shoulder pain and complications are comparable with laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2012; 1(4.000: 224-228

  20. Elimination of biliary stones through the urinary tract: a complication of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Castro Maurício Gustavo Bravim de

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The introduction and popularization of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been accompanied with a considerable increase in perforation of gallbladder during this procedure (10%--32%, with the occurrence of intraperitoneal bile spillage and the consequent increase in the incidence of lost gallstones (0.2%--20%. Recently the complications associated with these stones have been documented in the literature. We report a rare complication occurring in an 81-year-old woman who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and developed cutaneous fistula to the umbilicus and elimination of biliary stones through the urinary tract. During the cholecystectomy, the gall bladder was perforated, and bile and gallstones were spilled into the peritoneal cavity. Two months after the initial procedure there was exteriorization of fistula through the umbilicus, with intermittent elimination of biliary stones. After eleven months, acute urinary retention occurred due to biliary stones in the bladder, which were removed by cystoscopy. We conclude that efforts should be concentrated on avoiding the spillage of stones during the surgery, and that no rules exist for indicating a laparotomy simply to retrieve these lost gallstones.

  1. Predictive factors of difficult procedure in octogenarians undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a single center experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    GUIDA, F.; MONACO, L.; SCHETTINO, M.; PORFIDIA, R.; IAPICCA, G.

    2016-01-01

    Aim To assess the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in very elderly patients with particular attention to the predicitive factors of difficulty. Patients and methods All patients aged ≥ 80 undergoing elective LC for lithiasis at our institution since 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2015 were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were: a) acute cholecystitis; b) biliary pancreatitis; c) biliary tract neoplasms; d) urgent procedure. Pre-, intra- and postoperative data were recorded. Results During the study period, we performed 72 LC and we enrolled 17 patients aged ≥ 80 with a M:F = 5:12. Of these, 10 patients had a “difficult” cholecystectomy. In seven cases an intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) was performed. Postoperative course was regular but in two patients we had an Oddian spasm in 1st postoperative day. Female sex (p=0.03) and preoperative high level of serum amylase (p= 0.02) were significantly associated to difficult cholecystectomy in elderly patients. Conclusion LC in octogenarians is feasible and safe. However, sex and serum amylase can help the surgeon to predict a more difficult procedure in elective LC. In this group of patients an approach based on the individual risk is desirable and the patient could be referred to a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:27381691

  2. A severe case of hemobilia and biliary fistula following an open urgent cholecystectomy

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    Del monaco Pamela

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cholecystectomy has been the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones, but remains the greatest source of post-operative biliary injuries. Laparoscopic approach has been recently preferred because of short hospitalisation and low morbidity but has an higher incidence of biliary leakages and bile duct injuries than open one due to a technical error or misinterpretation of the anatomy. Even open cholecystectomy presents a small number of complications especially if it was performed in urgency. Hemobilia is one of the most common cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding from the biliary ducts into the gastrointestinal tract due to trauma, advent of invasive procedures such as percutaneous liver biopsy, transhepatic cholangiography, and biliary drainage. Methods We report here a case of massive hemobilia in a 60-year-old man who underwent an urgent open cholecystectomy and a subsequent placement of a transhepatic biliary drainage. Conclusion The management of these complications enclose endoscopic, percutaneous and surgical therapies. After a diagnosis of biliary fistula, it's most important to assess the adequacy of bile drainage to determine a controlled fistula and to avoid bile collection and peritonitis. Transarterial embolization is the first line of intervention to stop hemobilia while surgical intervention should be considered if embolization fails or is contraindicated.

  3. The role of hepatobiliary scintigraphy and oral cholecystography in predicting the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Won, Kyoung Sook [Kangnung Hospital, Kangnung (Korea, Republic of); Ryu, Jin Sook; Moon, Dae Hyuk [College of Medicine, Ulsan Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [and others

    1997-03-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in most patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis. Preoperative evaluation should assess the potential problems that affect the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy or oral cholecystography can assess the gallbladder function and nonvisualization of gallbladder usually indicates acute or severe chronic cholecystitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of preoperative hepatobiliary scintigraphy or oral cholecystography in predicting the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The study group consists of 176 patients who underwent both hepatobiliary scintigraphy with Tc-99m DISIDA and oral choelcystography within one month before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Nonvisualization of gallbladder was defined as persistent nonvisualization of gallbladder until 4 hours on hepatobiliary scintigraphy or 12 hours on oral cholecystography. Among 176 patients, gallbladder was not visualized in 38 patients on hepatobiliary scintigraphy and 41 patients on oral cholecystography. Concordance rate between hepatobiliary scintigraphy and oral cholecystography was 89.2%. The conversion rate to open cholocystectomy was significantly higher in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder than in patients with gallbladder higher in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder visualization (15.8% vs 2.9% on hepatobiliary scintigraphy, 12.2% vs 3.7% on oral cholecystography: p<0.01 and p<0.05 respectively). The operative complication rate was also significantly higher in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder (13.2% vs 2.9% on hepatobiliary scintigraphy, 14.6% vs 2.2% on oral cholecystography : p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). Similarly, operation time was significantly prolonged in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder (88.8{+-}41.9 min vs 62.5{+-}23.6 min on hepatobiliary scintigraphy : p<0.001, 89.4{+-}41.3 min vs 61.8{+-}22.8 min on oral cholecystography :p<0

  4. The role of hepatobiliary scintigraphy and oral cholecystography in predicting the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in most patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis. Preoperative evaluation should assess the potential problems that affect the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy or oral cholecystography can assess the gallbladder function and nonvisualization of gallbladder usually indicates acute or severe chronic cholecystitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of preoperative hepatobiliary scintigraphy or oral cholecystography in predicting the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The study group consists of 176 patients who underwent both hepatobiliary scintigraphy with Tc-99m DISIDA and oral choelcystography within one month before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Nonvisualization of gallbladder was defined as persistent nonvisualization of gallbladder until 4 hours on hepatobiliary scintigraphy or 12 hours on oral cholecystography. Among 176 patients, gallbladder was not visualized in 38 patients on hepatobiliary scintigraphy and 41 patients on oral cholecystography. Concordance rate between hepatobiliary scintigraphy and oral cholecystography was 89.2%. The conversion rate to open cholocystectomy was significantly higher in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder than in patients with gallbladder higher in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder visualization (15.8% vs 2.9% on hepatobiliary scintigraphy, 12.2% vs 3.7% on oral cholecystography: p<0.01 and p<0.05 respectively). The operative complication rate was also significantly higher in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder (13.2% vs 2.9% on hepatobiliary scintigraphy, 14.6% vs 2.2% on oral cholecystography : p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). Similarly, operation time was significantly prolonged in patients with nonvisualization of gallbladder (88.8±41.9 min vs 62.5±23.6 min on hepatobiliary scintigraphy : p<0.001, 89.4±41.3 min vs 61.8±22.8 min on oral cholecystography :p<0.001). It is

  5. Cholecystectomy and sphincterotomy in patients with mild acute biliary pancreatitis in Sweden 1988 - 2003: a nationwide register study

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    Stenlund Hans C

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Gallstones represent the most common cause of acute pancreatitis in Sweden. Epidemiological data concerning timing of cholecystectomy and sphincterotomy in patients with first attack of mild acute biliary pancreatitis (MABP are scarce. Our aim was to analyse readmissions for biliary disease, cholecystectomy within one year, and mortality within 90 days of index admission for MABP. Methods Hospital discharge and death certificate data were linked for patients with first attack acute pancreatitis in Sweden 1988-2003. Mortality was calculated as case fatality rate (CFR and standardized mortality ratio (SMR. MABP was defined as acute pancreatitis of biliary aetiology without mortality during an index stay of 10 days or shorter. Patients were analysed according to four different treatment policies: Cholecystectomy during index stay (group 1, no cholecystectomy during index stay but within 30 days of index admission (group 2, sphincterotomy but not cholecystectomy within 30 days of index admission (group 3, and neither cholecystectomy nor sphincterotomy within 30 days of index admission (group 4. Results Of 11636 patients with acute biliary pancreatitis, 8631 patients (74% met the criteria for MABP. After exclusion of those with cholecystectomy or sphincterotomy during the year before index admission (N = 212, 8419 patients with MABP remained for analysis. Patients in group 1 and 2 were significantly younger than patients in group 3 and 4. Length of index stay differed significantly between the groups, from 4 (3-6 days, (representing median, 25 and 75 percentiles in group 2 to 7 (5-8 days in groups 1. In group 1, 4.9% of patients were readmitted at least once for biliary disease within one year after index admission, compared to 100% in group 2, 62.5% in group 3, and 76.3% in group 4. One year after index admission, 30.8% of patients in group 3 and 47.7% of patients in group 4 had undergone cholecystectomy. SMR did not differ

  6. Comparison of operative time and length of hospital stay in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute verses chronic cholecystitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The laparoscopic surgery has opened a new era in the field of surgery. Currently, it is accepted as the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis. However, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) performed for acute cholecystitis is technically difficult because of severe inflammatory adhesions and distortion of the biliary anatomy. The objective of this study was to compare the frequency, mean operative time and length of hospital stay in patients of acute and chronic cholecystitis undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: This prospective comparative study was carried out in the department of General Surgery Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) Karachi, from March to September 2013. During this period 233 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (54 cases of acute and 179 cases of chronic cholecystitis respectively). The patients who were pregnant, diagnosed with gall bladder mass on ultrasound, carcinoma gall bladder, acute pancreatitis, and those with co-morbid like diabetes mellitus/cardiovascular disorders were excluded. Result: A total of 233 patients were admitted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Fifty four (54) patients in Group A (acute cholecystitis) and 179 patients in Group B (chronic cholecystitis) with female: male 2.8:1 and 4:1 in Group A and B respectively. Operative time was longer for group A. Six cases of conversion to open procedure one (1) in Group A and 5 in Group B respectively. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and efficient for both acute and chronic cholecystitis. (author)

  7. Cholecystectomy in patients with normal gallbladder function did not alter characteristics in duodenal motility which was not correlated to size of bile acid pool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, P V; Mortensen, J; Oster-Jørgensen, E;

    1999-01-01

    Nine gallstone patients with normal gallbladder function as assessed by hepatobiliary scintigraphy were included. Fasting and postprandial duodenal motility were studied before and one month after an uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. An ambulatory continuous pressure recording was......, cholecystectomy does not alter duodenal motility, which was not correlated to the size of the bile acid pool....

  8. Multi-regional local anesthetic infiltration during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients receiving prophylactic multi-modal analgesia: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, T; Klarskov, B; Kristiansen, V B; Callesen, T; Schulze, S; Kehlet, H; Rosenberg, J

    1999-01-01

    Pain is the dominant complaint after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. No study has examined the combined effects of a somato-visceral blockade during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a somato-visceral local anesthetic blockade on pain and nausea in patients...

  9. Is smaller necessarily better? A systematic review comparing the effects of minilaparoscopic and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy on patient outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McCloy, R.; Randall, D.; Schug, S.A.;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In recent years, minilaparoscopic cholecystectomy (MLC; total size of trocar incision cosmetic result, reduced pain, shorter hospital stay, quicker...... patient outcomes from more than one study where feasible and appropriate. Qualitative analyses consisted of assessing the number of studies showing a significant difference between the techniques. RESULTS: Thirteen trials met the inclusion criteria. There was a trend towards reduced pain with MLC compared...... cosmetic result (largely patient rated). There was a significantly greater likelihood of conversion to conventional LC or to open cholecystectomy in the MLC group than there was of conversion to open cholecystectomy in the conventional LC group [OR 4.71 (95% confidence interval 2.67-8.31), p

  10. Advantages and Disadvantages of 1-Incision, 2-Incision, 3-Incision, and 4-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Workflow Comparison Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartnicka, Joanna; Zietkiewicz, Agnieszka A; Kowalski, Grzegorz J

    2016-08-01

    A comparison of 1-port, 2-port, 3-port, and 4-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy techniques from the point of view of workflow criteria was made to both identify specific workflow components that can cause surgical disturbances and indicate good and bad practices. As a case study, laparoscopic cholecystectomies, including manual tasks and interactions within teamwork members, were video-recorded and analyzed on the basis of specially encoded workflow information. The parameters for comparison were defined as follows: surgery time, tool and hand activeness, operator's passive work, collisions, and operator interventions. It was found that 1-port cholecystectomy is the worst technique because of nonergonomic body position, technical complexity, organizational anomalies, and operational dynamism. The differences between laparoscopic techniques are closely linked to the costs of the medical procedures. Hence, knowledge about the surgical workflow can be used for both planning surgical procedures and balancing the expenses associated with surgery. PMID:27438171

  11. Effect of mechanical pressure-controlled ventilation in patients with disturbed respiratory function during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Šurbatović Maja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered to be the gold standard for laparoscopic surgical procedures. In ASA III patients with concomitant respiratory diseases, however, creation of pneumoperitoneum and the position of patients during surgery exert additional negative effect on intraoperative respiratory function, thus making a higher challenge for the anesthesiologist than for the surgeon. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV and pressure controlled ventilation (PCV during general anesthesia on respiratory function in ASA III patients submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. The study included 60 patients randomized into two groups depending on the mode of ventilation: IPPV or PCV. Respiratory volume (VT, peak inspiratory pressure (PIP, compliance (C, end-tidal CO2 pressure (PETCO2, oxygen saturation (SpO2, partial pressures of O2, CO2 (PaO2 and PaCO2 and pH of arterial blood were recorded within four time intervals. Results. There were no statistically significant differences in VT, SpO2, PaO2, PaCO2 and pH values neither within nor between the two groups. In time interval t1 there were no statistically significant differences in PIP, C, PETCO2 values between the IPPV and the PCV group. But, in the next three time intervals there was a difference in PIP, C, and PETCO2 values between the two groups which ranged from statistically significant to highly significant; PIP was lower, C and PETCO2 were higher in the PCV group. Conclusion. Pressure controlled ventilation better maintains stability regarding intraoperative ventilatory parameters in ASA III patients with concomitant respiratory diseases during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  12. Post-cholecystectomy symptoms were caused by persistence of a functional gastrointestinal disorder

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    Malte Schmidt; Karl S(o)ndenaa; John A Dumot; Steven Rosenblatt; Trygve Hausken; Maria Ramnefjell; Gro Nj(o)lstad

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To classify gallstone disease as a basis for assessment of post-cholecystectomy symptoms.METHODS:One hundred and fifty three patients with a clinical and ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallstones filled out a structured questionnaire on abdominal pain symptoms and functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) before and at six months after cholecystectomy.Symptom frequency groups (SFG) were categorized according to frequency of pain attacks.According to certain pain characteristics in gallstone patients,a gallstone symptom score was accorded on a scale from one to ten.A visual analogue scale was used to quantify pain.Operative specimens were examined for size and magnitude of stone contents as well as presence of bacteria.Follow-up took place after six months with either a consultation or via a mailed questionnaire.Resuits were compared with those obtained pre-operatively to describe and analyze symptomatic outcome.RESULTS:SFG groups were categorized as severe (24.2%),moderate (38.6%),and mild (22.2%) attack frequency,and a chronic pain condition (15%).Pain was cured or improved in about 90% of patients and two-thirds of patients obtained complete symptom relief.Patients with the most frequent pain episodes were less likely to obtain symptom relief.FGID was present in 88% of patients pre-operatively and in 57% postoperatively (P =0.244).Those that became asymptomatic or improved with regard to pain also had most relief from FGID (P =0.001).No pre-operative FGID meant almost complete cure.CONCLUSION:Only one third of patients with FGID experienced postoperative relief,indicating that FGID was a dominant cause of post-cholecystectomy symptoms.

  13. Abscesso intrabdominal tardio pós colecistectomia laparoscópica Late intrabdominal abscess after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Júlio Cezar Uili Coelho

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Perforation of the gallbladder during laparoscopic cholecystectomy may be associated with intraperitoneal gallstone spillage. Several complications secondary to lost gallstones in the abdominal cavity have been described. We report a rare complication of abdominal abscess secondary to two gallstones left in the abdominal cavity. A 75-year-old female presented with spontaneous drainage of pus through the umbilicus five years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. An ultrasonographic evaluation of the abdomen revealed a solid mass of 56x26 mm of diameter, with acoustic shadow, localized distal to the umbilicus. At laparotomy, an abscess with two biliary calculi was drained. The patient had good recovery, with no complication.

  14. ANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF A CASE OF HEREDITARY SPHEROCYTOSIS FOR SPLENECTOMY AND CHOLECYSTECTOMY.

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    Jyotsna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: We report successful anaesthetic management of a pat ient with hereditary spherocytosis who underwent laproscopic splenectomy, ch olecystectomy and appendioectomy. Hereditary spherocytosis is a familial hemolytic di sorder with marked heterogeneity of clinical features, ranging from asymptomatic condition to a f ulminant hemolytic anaemia. Commonly recommended perioperative management in these patien ts includes preemptive erythrocyte transfusion, aggressive hydration and avoidance of hypoxia, aplastic crisis, hypothermia and acidosis. The management of such a case is challeng ing from anaesthetic point of view because of sickling oriented anaesthetic approach. Key words: Hereditary spherocytosis, splenectomy, cholecystectomy, perioperative management.

  15. Difficult abdominal access in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in elderly patients: our experience and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surace, Alessandra; Marola, Silvia; Benvenga, Rosa; Borello, Alessandro; Gentile, Valentina; Ferrarese, Alessia; Enrico, Stefano; Martino, Valter; Nano, Mario; Solej, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is currently the gold standard treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis. LC is actually condidered a medium complexity surgical operation. LC could be technically hard, especially if patient underwent previous surgical operation. These difficulties increase in outcome of previous operation in right upper quadrant (RUQ): in this case laparoscopic access is defined as an "hard access". We present two cases in which an unconventional access was performed: laparoscopic cholecistectomy is a safe and feasible procedure, although a careful assessment preoperative is indispensable. In particular, caution is required in both the triangulation of the trocar, which in pneumoperitoneum induction. PMID:25183639

  16. The effect of melatonin on sleep quality after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gögenur, Ismail; Kücükakin, Bülent; Bisgaard, Thue;

    2009-01-01

    = 60) or placebo (n = 61) for 3 nights after surgery. Subjective sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep timing, and subjective discomfort (fatigue, general well-being, and pain) were measured. RESULTS: Sleep latency was significantly reduced in the melatonin group (mean [sd] 14 min [18]) compared with...... placebo (28 min [41]) on the first postoperative night (P = 0.015). The rest of the measured outcome variables did not differ between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin did not improve subjective sleep quality or discomfort compared with placebo after laparoscopic cholecystectomy....

  17. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic esphinterotomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with choledocolitiasis and cholelitiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The case report of a 30 year-old presumably healthy patient, who attended the Gastroenterology Department from 'Dr Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso' Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, and suffering from biliary cholic, ictero, choluria, nausea, vomit and loss of appetite is presented. The complementary examinations confirmed the choledocolitiasis and cholelitiasis diagnosis, reason why it was necessary to carry out a endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic esphinterotomy and ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy, in a single anesthetic injection. The postoperative clinical course was favorable and she was discharged without complications 24 hours before the intervention

  18. The microbiological and clinical characteristics of invasive salmonella in gallbladders from cholecystectomy patients in kathmandu, Nepal.

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    Sabina Dongol

    Full Text Available Gallbladder carriage of invasive Salmonella is considered fundamental in sustaining typhoid fever transmission. Bile and tissue was obtained from 1,377 individuals undergoing cholecystectomy in Kathmandu to investigate the prevalence, characteristics and relevance of invasive Salmonella in the gallbladder in an endemic area. Twenty percent of bile samples contained a Gram-negative organism, with Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A isolated from 24 and 22 individuals, respectively. Gallbladders that contained Salmonella were more likely to show evidence of acute inflammation with extensive neutrophil infiltrate than those without Salmonella, corresponding with higher neutrophil and lower lymphocyte counts in the blood of Salmonella positive individuals. Antimicrobial resistance in the invasive Salmonella isolates was limited, indicating that gallbladder colonization is unlikely to be driven by antimicrobial resistance. The overall role of invasive Salmonella carriage in the gallbladder is not understood; here we show that 3.5% of individuals undergoing cholecystectomy in this setting have a high concentration of antimicrobial sensitive, invasive Salmonella in their bile. We predict that such individuals will become increasingly important if current transmission mechanisms are disturbed; prospectively identifying these individuals is, therefore, paramount for rapid local and regional elimination.

  19. Effect of gender on pain perception and analgesic consumption in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: An observational study

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    Aziza M Hussain

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Evidence regarding gender affecting the response to pain and its treatment is inconsistent in literature. The objective of this prospective, observational study was to determine the effect of gender on pain perception and postoperative analgesic consumption in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: We recruited 60 male and 60 female patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were observed for additional intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. Numerical rating scale was documented at 10 min interval for 1 h in post-anesthesia recovery room and at 4, 8, and 12 h postoperatively. Boluses of tramadol given as rescue analgesia were also noted. There were no dropouts. Results: The mean pain scores were significantly higher in female patients at 20 and 30 min following surgery. Mean dose of tramadol consumption was significantly higher in female patients for the first postoperative hour (P = 0.002, but not in the later period. Conclusion: Female patients exhibited greater intensity of pain and required higher doses of analgesics compared to males in in the immediate postoperative period in order to achieve a similar degree of analgesia.

  20. Risk Factors for Recurrence of Symptomatic Common Bile Duct Stones after Cholecystectomy

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    Ju Hyun Oak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The recurrence of CBD stone is still observed in a considerable number of patients. The study was to evaluate the risk factors for recurrence of symptomatic CBD stone in patients who underwent cholecystectomy after the removal of CBD stone. Methods. The medical records of patients who underwent removal of CBD stone with subsequent cholecystectomy were reviewed. The risk factors for the recurrence of symptomatic CBD stone were compared between the recurrence and the nonrecurrence group. Results. The mean follow-up period was 40.6 months. The recurrence of symptomatic CBD stones was defined as the detection of bile duct stones no sooner than 6 months after complete clearance of CBD stones, based on symptoms or signs of biliary complication. 144 patients (68 males, 47.2% were finally enrolled and their mean age was 59.8 (range: 26~86 years. The recurrence of CBD stone occurred in 15 patients (10.4%. The mean period until first recurrence was 25.9 months. The presence of type 1 or 2 periampullary diverticulum and multiple CBD stones were the independent risk factors. Conclusion. For the patients with type 1 or 2 periampullary diverticulum or multiple CBD stones, careful followup is needed for the risk in recurrence of symptomatic CBD stone.

  1. Radiological investigation in laparoscopic compared with conventional cholecystectomy--an early assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLoughlin, R F; Gibney, R G; Mealy, K; Hyland, J

    1992-04-01

    The implications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for radiology were assessed by comparing imaging investigations in 48 LC and 48 conventional cholecystectomy (CC) patients. In addition, we attempted to identify findings on pre-operative ultrasound (US) which predicted operative difficulties at LC. There were no per-operative or T-tube cholangiograms in the LC patients, but otherwise the pattern of investigation was similar in both groups. Forty of the 48 CC patients underwent cholangiography (per-operative cholangiography in 36, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in two, and both in two) demonstrating calculi in eight (16.7%) cases. Only four LC patients had cholangiography (ERCP in all cases) demonstrating common bile duct (CBD) calculi in one (2.1%) case. Ultrasound failed to identify the gall-bladder with certainty in three of the five failed LC cases. Neither gall-bladder wall thickness, contraction nor calculus size on pre-operative US served as predictors of other per-operative difficulties. Our results indicate that there may be some patients with retained CBD calculi in the LC group. The role of pre-operative US in predicting operative difficulties needs further assessment in a prospective study. PMID:1395385

  2. Intraincisional vs intraperitoneal infiltration of local anaesthetic for controlling early post-laparoscopic cholecystectomy pain

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    Gouda M El-labban

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The study was designed to compare the effect of intraincisional vs intraperitoneal infiltration of levobupivacaine 0.25% on post-operative pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: This randomised controlled study was carried out on 189 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Group 1 was the control group and did not receive either intraperitoneal or intraincisional levobupivacaine. Group 2 was assigned to receive local infiltration (intraincisional of 20 ml solution of levobupivacaine 0.25%, while Group 3 received 20 ml solution of levobupivacaine 0.25% intraperitoneally. Post-operative pain was recorded for 24 hours post-operatively. Results: Post-operative abdominal pain was significantly lower with intraincisional infiltration of levobupivacaine 0.25% in group 2. This difference was reported from 30 minutes till 24 hours post-operatively. Right shoulder pain showed significantly lower incidence in group 2 and group 3 compared to control group. Although statistically insignificant, shoulder pain was less in group 3 than group 2. Conclusion: Intraincisional infiltration of levobupivacaine is more effective than intraperitoneal route in controlling post-operative abdominal pain. It decreases the need for rescue analgesia.

  3. SPINAL ANAESTHESIA VERSUS GENERAL ANAESTHESIA FOR LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY - A PROSPECTIVE RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY

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    Prasad

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Combining minimal invasive surgical and lesser invasive anesthesia technique reduces morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study is to compare spinal anesthesia with the gold standard general anesthesia for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIALS & METHODS: 60 healthy patients were randomized under spinal anesthesia (n=30 & General Anesthesia (n=30 . Hyperbaric 3ml bupivacaine plus 25mcg fenta nyl was administered for spinal group and conventional general anesthesia for GA group. Intraoperative parameters and post - operative pain and recovery were noted. Under spinal group any intraoperative discomfort were taken care by reassurance , drugs or con verted to GA. Questionnaire forms were provided for patients and surgeons to comment about the operation. RESULTS: None of the patients had significant hemodynamic and respiratory disturbance except for transient hypotension and bradycardia. Operative time was comparable. 6patients under spinal anesthesia had right shoulder pain , 2 patients were converted to GA and 4 patients were managed by injection midazolam and infiltration of lignocaine over the diaphragm. There was significant post - operative pain reli ef in spinal group. All the patients were comfortable and surgeons satisfied. CONCLUSION: Spinal anesthesia is adequate and safe for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in otherwise healthy patients and offers better postoperative pain control than general anesth esia without limiting recovery , but require cooperative patient , skilled surgeon , a gentle surgical technique and an enthusiastic anesthesiologist

  4. SILC for SILC: Single Institution Learning Curve for Single-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

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    Chee Wei Tay

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. We report the single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC learning experience of 2 hepatobiliary surgeons and the factors that could influence the learning curve of SILC. Methods. Patients who underwent SILC by Surgeons A and B were studied retrospectively. Operating time, conversion rate, reason for conversion, identity of first assistants, and their experience with previous laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC were analysed. CUSUM analysis is used to identify learning curve. Results. Hundred and nineteen SILC cases were performed by Surgeons A and B, respectively. Eight cases required additional port. In CUSUM analysis, most conversion occurred during the first 19 cases. Operating time was significantly lower (62.5 versus 90.6 min, P = 0.04 after the learning curve has been overcome. Operating time decreases as the experience increases, especially Surgeon B. Most conversions are due to adhesion at Calot’s triangle. Acute cholecystitis, patients’ BMI, and previous surgery do not seem to influence conversion rate. Mean operating times of cases assisted by first assistant with and without LC experience were 48 and 74 minutes, respectively (P = 0.004. Conclusion. Nineteen cases are needed to overcome the learning curve of SILC. Team work, assistant with CLC experience, and appropriate equipment and technique are the important factors in performing SILC.

  5. Prediction of Patients with Acute Cholecystitis Requiring Emergent Cholecystectomy: A Simple Score

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    Wael N. Yacoub

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to develop a score, to stratify patients with acute cholecystitis into high, intermediate, or low probability of gangrenous cholecystitis. The probability of gangrenous cholecystitis (score was derived from a logistic regression of a clinical and pathological review of 245 patients undergoing urgent cholecystectomy. Sixty-eight patients had gangrenous inflammation, 132 acute, and 45 no inflammation. The score comprised of: age > 45 years (1 point, heart rate > 90 beats/min (1 point, male (2 points, Leucocytosis > 13,000/mm3 (1.5 points, and ultrasound gallbladder wall thickness > 4.5 mm (1 point. The prevalence of gangrenous cholecystitis was 13% in the low-probability (0–2 points, 33% in the intermediate-probability (2–4.5 points, and 87% in the high probability category (>4.5 points. A cutoff score of 2 identified 31 (69% patients with no acute inflammation (PPV 90%. This scoring system can prioritize patients for emergent cholecystectomy based on their expected pathology.

  6. Original single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute inflammation of the gallbladder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kazunari Sasaki; Goro Watanabe; Masamichi Matsuda; Masaji Hashimoto

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the safety and feasibility of our original single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) for acute inflamed gallbladder (AIG).METHODS:One hundred and ten consecutive patients underwent original SILC for gallbladder disease without any selection criteria and 15 and 11 of these were diagnosed with acute cholecystitis and acute gallstone cholangitis,respectively.A retrospective review was performed not only between SILC for AIG and non-AIG,but also between SILC for AIG and traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TLC) for AIG in the same period.RESULTS:Comparison between SILC for AIG and nonAIG revealed that the operative time was longer in SILC for AIG (97.5 min vs 85.0 min,P =0.03).The open conversion rate (2/26 vs 2/84,P =0.24) and complication rate (1/26 vs 3/84,P =1.00) showed no differences,but a need for additional trocars was more frequent in SILC for AIG (5/24 vs 3/82,P =0.01).Comparison between SILC for AIG and TLC for AIG revealed no differences based on statistical analysis.CONCLUSION:Our original SILC technique was adequately safe and feasible for the treatment of acute cholecystitis and acute gallstone cholangitis.

  7. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: is it a conscious preference among Turkish patients with symptomatic gallstones?--prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cingi, Asim; Düşünceli, Fikret; Güllüoğlu, Bahadir M; Yeğen, Cumhur; Aktan, A Ozdemir; Yalin, Rifat

    2004-10-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has the advantages of early return to full daily activity, early return to work, and better cosmetic result, as well as quickly resolving pain. Yet how this information about the procedure influences a patient's attitude toward laparocopy is not known. In this study we analyzed the factors that play role in the decision-making process of patients who choose laparoscopic surgery, and we also evaluated patients' knowledge of laparoscopy and their expectations. A questionnaire was used in evaluating 98 patients suffering from symptomatic cholelithiasis scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January 2001 and January 2002. Females constituted 81% of the study population. Most of the patients (56%) were housewives. While 45% of the patients had an educational status of primary school degree only, 14% had graduated from a university. Forty-three patients described their level of knowledge about laparoscopy as "low" (had only heard about laparoscopy). In 61% of the patients the surgeon was the sole decision maker about the type of the operation. Almost none of the patients had a preference for the time of discharge from the hospital after surgery, and only three of the actively working patients offered a time interval for return to work. From this study we concluded that most patients have inadequate information about laparoscopic surgery, that the type of operation is dictated mostly by the surgeon, and that early discharge and early return to work are not important for many patients. PMID:15573265

  8. Cholecystostomy as Bridge to Surgery and as Definitive Treatment or Acute Cholecystectomy in Patients with Acute Cholecystitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Popowicz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC has increasingly been used as bridge to surgery as well as sole treatment for patients with acute cholecystitis (AC. The aim of the study was to assess the outcome after PC compared to acute cholecystectomy in patients with AC. Methods. A review of medical records was performed on all patients residing in Stockholm County treated for AC in the years 2003 and 2008. Results. In 2003 and 2008 altogether 799 and 833 patients were admitted for AC. The number of patients treated with PC was 21/799 (2.6% in 2003 and 50/833 (6.0% in 2008. The complication rate (Clavien-Dindo ≥ 2 was 4/71 (5.6% after PC and 135/736 (18.3% after acute cholecystectomy. Mean (standard deviation hospital stay was 11.4 (10.5 days for patients treated with PC and 5.1 (4.3 days for patients undergoing acute cholecystectomy. After adjusting for age, gender, Charlson comorbidity index, and degree of cholecystitis, the hospital stay was significantly longer for patients treated with PC than for those undergoing acute cholecystectomy (P<0.001 but the risk for intervention-related complications was found to be significantly lower (P=0.001 in the PC group. Conclusion. PC can be performed with few serious complications, albeit with a longer hospital stay.

  9. THE LMA PROSEAL: AN EFFECTIVE ALTERNATIVE TO TRACHEAL INTUBATION FOR LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

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    Sanchita Sarma

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available An Anaesthesiologist has the fundamental responsibility to maintain a patent airway during surgical procedures. Although the tracheal tube is considered ideal for laparoscopic procedures, there is consistent flow of reports highlighting the safety of LMA ProSeal in laparoscopic surgeries. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of insertion and removal of LMA ProSeal and Endotracheal tube on haemodynamic responses, to evaluate the efficacy and safety of use of LMA ProSeal as an airway device for Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to note other observations, if any. Sixty patients undergoing elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy of 35-45 minutes duration were randomly divided into two groups comprising of 30 patients in each. Group E: Patients receiving EndoTracheal Tube (ETT. Group P: Patients receiving LMA ProSeal (LMA-PS. A standard General Anaesthesia protocol and routine monitoring was applied in all patients. Monitoring of Heart Rate (HR, Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP, Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP, Mean Arterial Blood Pressure (MAP and SPO2 preoperatively (As baseline, after intubation or placement of LMA-PS, at 1min, 3mins, 5mins and every 5mins thereafter till the reading at removal and after 5mins of removal of ETT or LMA-PS. For both the groups, baseline value for ETCO2 was taken from connection of ETCO2 cable following placement of airway devices (ETT/LMA-PS.All data were analyzed by specific statistical methods applicable to the various sets of data. Tests employed were Student T test, Fisher’s exact test which were performed on SPSS software. Microsoft Word and Excel have been used to generate graphs, tables etc. SpO2 was well maintained in both the groups throughout the procedure. On statistical analysis, it was found that the increase in HR,SBP,DBP, MAP were highly significant after instrumentation, at 1 min and 3 mins with Group E showing a greater rise than Group P. It became insignificant at 5 mins and there after

  10. Impact of a dedicated emergency surgical unit on early laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bokhari, S; Walsh, U; Qurashi, K; Liasis, L; Watfah, J; Sen, M; Gould, S

    2016-02-01

    Introduction Emergency general surgery (EGS) accounts for 50% of the surgical workload, and yet outcomes are variable and poorly recorded. The management of acute cholecystitis (AC) at a dedicated emergency surgical unit (ESU) was assessed as a performance target for EGS. Methods The outcomes for AC admissions were compared one year before and after inception of the ESU. The impact on cost and compliance with national guidance recommending early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) within seven days of diagnosis was assessed. Results The overall ELC rate increased from 26% for the 126 patients admitted in the pre-ESU period to 45% for the 152 patients admitted in the post-ESU period (p=0.001). With those unsuitable for ELC excluded, the ELC rate increased from 34% to 82% (preasons, particularly owing to 'surgeon preference/skill', was reduced from 69% to 18% (pfinancial rewards for a busy district general hospital. PMID:26673047

  11. "Extended" radical cholecystectomy for gallbladder cancer:Long-term outcomes, indications and limitations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yoshio Shirai; Jun Sakata; Toshifumi Wakai; Taku Ohashi; Katsuyoshi Hatakeyama

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To delineate indications and limitations for "extended" radical cholecystectomy for gallbladder cancer:a procedure which was instituted in our department in 1982.METHODS:Of 145 patients who underwent a radical resection for gallbladder cancer from 1982 through 2006,52 (36%) had an extended radical cholecystectomy,which involved en bloc resection of the gallbladder,gallbladder fossa,extrahepatic bile duct,and the regional lymph nodes (first-and second-echelon node groups).A retrospective analysis of the 52 patients was conducted including at least 5 years of follow up.Residual tumor status was judged as no residual tumor (R0) or microscopic/macroscopic residual tumor (R1-2).Pathological findings were documented according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer Cancer Staging Manual (7th edition).RESULTS:The primary tumor was classified as pathological T1 (pT1) in 3 patients,pT2 in 36,pT3 in 12,and pT4 in 1.Twenty-three patients had lymph node metastases; 11 had a single positive node,4 had two positive nodes,and 8 had three or more positive nodes.None of the three patients with pT1 tumors had nodal disease,whereas 23 of 49 (47%) with pT2 or more advanced tumors had nodal disease.One patient died during the hospital stay for definitive resection,giving an in-hospital mortality rate of 2%.Overall survival (OS) after extended radical cholecystectomy was 65% at 5 years and 53% at 10 years in all 52 patients.OS differed according to the pT classification (P < 0.001)and the nodal status (P =0.010).All of 3 patients with pT1 tumors and most (29 of 36) patients with pT2 tumors survived for more than 5 years.Of 12 patients with pT3 tumors,8 who had an R1-2 resection,distant metastasis,or extensive extrahepatic organ involvement died soon after resection.Of the remaining four pT3 patients who had localized hepatic spread through the gallbladder fossa and underwent an R0 resection,2 survived for more than 5 years and another survived for 4 years and 2 mo

  12. Early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography after laparoscopic cholecystectomy can strain the occurrence of trocar site hernia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fatih; Sumer; Cuneyt; Kayaalp; Mehmet; Ali; Yagci; Emrah; Otan; Huseyin; Kocaaslan

    2014-01-01

    This study reports a 69-year-old, obese, female patientpresenting with a biliary leakage after laparoscopiccholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. Closure of the um-bilical trocar site had been neglected during the lapa-roscopic cholecystectomy. Early, on postoperative dayfive, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP) requirement after laparoscopic cholecystectomyresolved the biliary leakage problem but resulted with amore complicated clinical picture with an intestinal ob-struction and severe abdominal pain. Computed tomog-raphy revealed a strangulated hernia from the umbilicaltrocar site. Increased abdominal pressure during ERCPhad strained the weak umbilical trocar site. Emergencysurgical intervention through the umbilicus revealed anischemic small bowel segment which was treated withresection and anastomosis. This report demonstratesthat negligence of trocar site closure can result in veryearly herniation, particularly if an endoscopic interven-tion is required in the early postoperative period.

  13. No effect of melatonin on oxidative stress after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kucukakin, B.; Klein, M.; Lykkesfeldt, Jens;

    2010-01-01

    Background Melatonin, an endogenous circadian regulator, also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidative effect of melatonin in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Patients were randomized to receive 10 mg...... melatonin or placebo during surgery. Blood samples for analysis of malondialdehyde (MDA), ascorbic acid (AA), total ascorbic acid (TAA) dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were collected pre-operatively and at 5 min, 6 h and 24 h after operation. Results Twenty patients received...... melatonin and 21 patients received placebo during surgery. No significant differences were observed between the groups in the oxidative stress variables MDA, TAA, AA and DHA or in the inflammatory variable CRP (repeated-measures ANOVA, P > 0.05 for all variables). Conclusions Administration of 10 mg...

  14. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding due to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Ajay D Mate

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudoaneurysm of hepatic artery is a rare but known complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC. Such pseudoaneurysms may bleed in biliary tree, upper gastrointestinal (GI tract or peritoneal cavity leading to life-threatening internal haemorrhage. It is very rare for them to present as lower GI bleeding. We report an unusual case of Right hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm developed following LC, which ruptured into hepatic flexure of colon resulting in catastrophic lower GI bleeding. This was associated with partial celiac artery occlusion due to thrombosis. Due to failure of therapeutic embolisation, the patient was subjected to exploratory laparotomy to control haemorrhage. Postoperatively, patient recovered well and was discharged on postoperative day 10. A strong index of suspicion is necessary for early diagnosis of such condition and to limit resultant morbidity. Angioembolisation is the first-line treatment and surgery is indicated in selected cases.

  15. Clinical evaluation of 3D-CT cholangiography for preoperative examination in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Kinami, Shinichi; Yao, Tadashi; Kurachi, Madoka; Ishizaki, Yoshio [Inami Public General Hospital, Toyama (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    Three-dimensional-computed tomography (3D-CT) cholangiography is a 3D shaded surface display image of the biliary tract obtained by using helical CT after intravenous cholangiography or cholangiography per percutaneous transhepatic cholangio-drainage tube. We investigated whether 3D-CT cholangiography could provide a useful image, for preoperative examination in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Sixty-five patients with biliary diseases were examined by 3D-CT cholangiography. Helical scanning was performed on a Proceed Accell (GE Medical Systems, Waukesha, WI, USA). Three-dimensional images were created using an independent workstation. A clear image of the common bile duct was obtained for all patients (100%) by 3D-CT cholangiography. The gallbladder was well visualized in 54 (93%) and the cystic duct was shown to be opacified in 55 (95%) of the 58 patients with a gallbladder. Thirty-one patients were diagnosed as having gallstones by 3D-CT cholangiography (sensitivity, 72.1%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 79.3%), while 43 were diagnosed as having cholecystolithiasis by ultrasonography. The advantages of 3D-CT cholangiography were a low level of invasiveness, easily obtained images compared to those obtained with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC), good opacification, and provision of a three-dimensional understanding of the biliary system, especially of the cystic duct. When combined with ultrasonography and routine liver function tests, 3D-CT cholangiography was considered very useful for obtaining information before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It allowed the omission of ERC in many patients who were considered to have no common bile duct stone, by employment of 3D-CT cholangiography. (author)

  16. Laparoscopic Resection of Cholecystocolic Fistula and Subtotal Cholecystectomy by Tri-Staple in a Type V Mirizzi Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yetişir, Fahri; Şarer, Akgün Ebru; Acar, Hasan Zafer; Parlak, Omer; Basaran, Basar; Yazıcıoğlu, Omer

    2016-01-01

    The Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is an impacted stone in the cystic duct or Hartmann's pouch that mechanically obstructs the common bile duct (CBD). We would like to report laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (SC) and resection of cholecystocolic fistula by the help of Tri-Staple™ in a case with type V MS and cholecystocolic fistula, for first time in the literature. A 24-year-old man was admitted to emergency department with the complaint of abdominal pain, intermittent fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. Two months ago with the same complaint, ERCP was performed. Laparoscopic resection of cholecystocolic fistula and subtotal cholecystectomy were performed by the help of Tri-Staple. At the eight-month follow-up, he was symptom-free with normal liver function tests. In a patient with type V MS and cholecystocolic fistula, laparoscopic resection of cholecystocolic fistula and SC can be performed by using Tri-Staple safely. PMID:26904324

  17. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Severe Acute Cholecystitis in a Patient with Situs Inversus Totalis and Posterior Cystic Artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theodoros E. Pavlidis

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Situs inversus totalis is an inherited condition characterized by a mirror-image transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs. It often coexists with other anatomical variations. Transposition of the organs imposes special demands on the diagnostic and surgical skills of the surgeon. We report a case of a 34-year-old female patient presented with left upper quadrant pain, signs of acute abdomen, and unknown situs inversus totalis. Severe acute cholecystitis was diagnosed, and an uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. A posterior cystic artery was identified and ligated. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is feasible in patients with severe acute calculus cholecystitis and situs inversus totalis; however, the surgeon should be alert of possible anatomic variations.

  18. Post-operative recovery profile after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective, observational study of a multimodal anaesthetic regime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, K; Kehlet, H; Lund, Claus

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now often an ambulatory procedure, but dependent on short-term post-operative complaints of pain and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The efficacy of post-anaesthesia care units (PACUs) is therefore important to facilitate return to normal...... functions. We investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a standardized, evidence-based anaesthesia/analgesic regime to identify residual problems in the early post-operative phase. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four consecutive patients admitted for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Hvidovre...... intra-operatively, and in the PACU on demand (prn) administration of sufentanil, morphine, paracetamol, ondansetron, droperidol, oral fluids and oxygen (if SpO(2) < 93%) with PACU discharge using a modified Aldrete score. RESULTS: Protocol violations were moderate and occurred unsystematically, 8% had...

  19. Colecistectomia videolaparoscópica em paciente submetido a transplante cardíaco Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in heart transplant patient

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    Flávio Heuta Ivano

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Cardiac transplant has been performed with an increased frequency as the treatment for end-stage cardiac disease. Although cholelithiasis is more frequent in both pretransplant and posttransplant patients, no standard management approach exists. Pretransplant patients are well recognized for cardiac events, and posttransplant immunossupressed patients are at a considerable risk for septic complications. Because the first presentation of gallstones in this population is often acute cholecystitis, asymptomatic calculi cannot be considered benign and it seems reasonable to recommend pretransplant screening and posttransplant surveillance for gallstones. Prophylatic laparoscopic cholecistectomy should be undertaken in the stable patient to avoid the substantial mortality associated with postoperative acute cholecystitis and urgent cholecystectomy. In this case report we present a 44 year-old male with acute cholecystitis after cardiac transplantation who was submitted to a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy one year and seven months later.

  20. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy - a Standardized Routine Laparoscopic Procedure: Is it Possible to Predict the Duration of an Operation?

    OpenAIRE

    Schneider, A.; Wilhelm, D.; Schneider, M.; Schuster, T.; Kriner, M; Leuxner, C.; Can, S.; Fiolka, A; Spanfellner, B.; Sitou, W.; Feussner, H

    2011-01-01

    In order to improve operating room efficiency, it is desirable to predict the duration of scheduled surgeries as precisely as possible. The reliability of existing predicting models is less than satisfactory. This study presents an algorithm to estimate the operating time for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, based on historical data of 312 patients, taking into account clinical parameters, diagnostic imaging, and surgeon's experience. The algorithm's accuracy was evaluated in a group of 45 patie...

  1. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Gallbladder Calculosis in Fibromyalgia Patients: Impact on Musculoskeletal Pain, Somatic Hyperalgesia and Central Sensitization

    OpenAIRE

    Costantini, Raffaele; Affaitati, Giannapia; Massimini, Francesca; Tana, Claudio; Innocenti, Paolo; Giamberardino, Maria Adele

    2016-01-01

    Fibromyalgia, a chronic syndrome of diffuse musculoskeletal pain and somatic hyperalgesia from central sensitization, is very often comorbid with visceral pain conditions. In fibromyalgia patients with gallbladder calculosis, this study assessed the short and long-term impact of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on fibromyalgia pain symptoms. Fibromyalgia pain (VAS scale) and pain thresholds in tender points and control areas (skin, subcutis and muscle) were evaluated 1week before (basis) and 1wee...

  2. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Calcular Cholecystitis in a Patient with Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt: A Case Report and Literature Review

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    Abdullah A. Albarrak

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Management of patients who have ventriculoperitoneal shunt presenting with acute calcular cholecystitis has remained a clinical challenge. In this paper, the hospital course and the follow-up of a patient presenting with acute calcular cholecystitis and ventriculoperitoneal shunt managed with laparoscopic cholecystectomy are presented followed by literature review on the management of acute calcular cholecystitis in patients who have ventriculoperitoneal shunts.

  3. Epidural anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with sickle cell anemia, beta thalassemia, and Crohn's disease -A case report-

    OpenAIRE

    Baş, Sema Şanal; Özlü, Onur

    2012-01-01

    A 37-year-old woman diagnosed with sickle cell anemia (SCA), beta (+) thalassemia, Crohn's disease, and liver dysfunction was scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) due to acute cholecystitis with gall bladder. Regional anesthesia was performed. An epidural catheter was inserted into the 9-10 thoracal epidural space and then 15 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine was injected through the catheter. The level of sensorial analgesia tested with pinprick test reached up to T4. Here we describe the fi...

  4. Effects of lidocaine and esmolol infusions on hemodynamic changes, analgesic requirement, and recovery in laparoscopic cholecystectomy operations

    OpenAIRE

    Serpil Dagdelen Dogan; Faik Emre Ustun; Elif Bengi Sener; Ersin Koksal; Yasemin Burcu Ustun; Cengiz Kaya; Fatih Ozkan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of lidocaine and esmolol infusions on intraoperative hemodynamic changes, intraoperative and postoperative analgesic requirements, and recovery in laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. METHODS: The first group (n = 30) received IV lidocaine infusions at a rate of 1.5 mg/kg/min and the second group (n = 30) received IV esmolol infusions at a rate of 1 mg/kg/min. Hemodynamic changes, intraoperative and postoperative analgesic requirements, and rec...

  5. A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF ISOFLURANE VS HALOTHANE TO ATTENUATE HAEMODYNAMIC RESPONSE DUE TO CO 2 PNEUMOPERI- TONEUM DURING LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chavi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a relatively new sur gical procedure which is enjoying ever increasing popularit y and presenting new anesthetic challenges. Volatile anesthetics play an important ro le in the management of haemodynamic changes due to CO2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopi c surgeries. The aim of the study is to evaluate Isoflurane Vs Halothane as an adjunct t o obtund haemodynamic response due to CO2 pneumoperitoneum. MATERIALS & METHODS: 50 patients aged 20-60 yrs of either sex belonging to ASA grade I & II scheduled for electiv e laparoscopic cholecystectomy admitted in MLB Medical College, Jhansi were randomly divided i nto two group. Group I – O 2 : N 2 O + Inhalational agent (Isoflurane 1.5-2% Group II – O 2 : N 2 O + Inhalational agent (Halothane 1.5-2% RESULTS : Hypertensive response due to CO 2 pneumoperitoneum was well suppressed by Isoflurane (1.5-2% {Group-I} which maintained pulse rate at a relatively higher side than halothane, (1.5-2%{Group II} decreased mean arteria l pressure more significantly than halothane without any difference in arterial oxygen saturation (SPO 2 and end tidal CO 2 concentration (E T CO 2 . CONCLUSION : This can be concluded from the study that Isoflur ane (Group-I more effectively attenuated the haemodyna mic response due to CO 2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic cholecystectomy as compared to Halothane (Group-II under balanced anesthetic technique.

  6. Incidental findings during routine pathological evaluation of gallbladder specimens: review of 1,747 elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basak, F; Hasbahceci, M; Canbak, T; Sisik, A; Acar, A; Yucel, M; Bas, G; Alimoglu, O

    2016-04-01

    Introduction Cholecystectomy for benign gallbladder diseases can lead to previously undiagnosed gallbladder cancer during histopathological evaluation. Despite some controversy over its usefulness, histopathological evaluation of all gallbladder specimens is common in most hospitals. We evaluated the results of routine pathology of the gallbladder after cholecystectomy for benign gallbladder diseases with regard to unexpected primary gallbladder cancer (UPGC). Methods Patients undergoing cholecystectomy because of benign gallbladder diseases between 2009 and 2013 were enrolled in this study. All gallbladder specimens were sent to the pathology department, and histopathological reports were examined in detail. The impact of demographic features on pathological diagnoses and prevalence of UPGC assessed. Data on additional interventions and postoperative survival for patients with UPGC were collected. Results We enrolled 1,747 patients (mean age, 48.7±13.6 years). Chronic cholecystitis was the most common diagnosis (96.3%) and was associated significantly with being female (p=0.001). Four patients had UPGC (0.23%); one was stage T3 at the time of surgery, and the remaining three cases were stage T2. Conclusions Routine histopathological examination of the gallbladder is valuable for identification of cancer that requires further postoperative management. PMID:26924485

  7. Successful outcome of sphincterotomy and 7 French pigtail stent insertion in the management of post-cholecystectomy bile leaks.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Donnellan, Fergal

    2009-06-01

    BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is widely used to manage post-cholecystectomy bile leaks. However, the best endoscopic intervention remains controversial. We investigated the success of a 7 French double pigtail stent following sphincterotomy in the management of such bile leaks. METHODS: Between July 1998 and June 2008, 48 patients were referred for ERCP for presumed post-cholecystectomy bile leaks. Leaks were confirmed at ERCP and managed by a combination of sphincterotomy and stent insertion unless contraindicated. RESULTS: Bile duct cannulation was successful in 44 (91.7%) patients. A leak of the cystic duct was demonstrated in 19 (43.2%) patients, the duct of Luschka in 11 (25.0%), and the common hepatic duct in 5 (11.4%). Complete transection of the common bile duct occurred in 4 patients. The remaining patients had no cholangiographic evidence of a leak. Sphincterotomy was performed in 34 patients. A 7 French double pigtail plastic stent was placed in all 35 patients with cholangiographic evidence of a bile leak. No bile leaks were demonstrated at a follow-up of 8-16 weeks and all stents were removed successfully. CONCLUSION: The combination of sphincterotomy and insertion of a 7 French double pigtail stent results in excellent outcomes in the management of post-cholecystectomy bile leaks.

  8. EFFECT OF INTRAOPERATIVE ESMOLOL INFUSION ON POSTOPERATIVE ANALGESIA IN LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY PATIENTS: A RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TR IAL

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    Shreya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, gaining worldwide popularity, can be performed on a short stay basis if postoperative pain is adequately addressed. Our present study determines the effect of intraoperative infusion of intravenous esmolol primarily in terms of postoperative analgesia and intraoperative haemodynamic stability. METHODS: 60 ASAPS 1 and 2 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in this randomi s ed, prospective, placebo - controlled clinical study. Patients were alloca ted into two groups to receive intraoperative intravenous esmolol (Group A, n=30 or normal saline (Group B, n=30 over a period of 10 minutes before induction. Intraoperative heart rate, mean arterial pressure and postoperative fentanyl requirement ( D uri ng first 6 postoperative hours were recorded. RESULTS: Postoperative requirement of fentanyl was significantly lower (92.73±17.42mcg in group A compared to 117.32±19.22mcg in group B, p value 0.05. CONCLUSION: Intravenous esmolol effectively reduces postoperative fentanyl requirement, thereby is a safe adjunct in the fie ld of postoperative analgesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  9. Transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy using traditional laparoscopic instruments: a report of thirty-six cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-ping CAO; Ri-sheng QUE; Fan ZHOU; Guo-ping DING; De-xi JING

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the operation of transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TSPLC) by traditional laparoscopic instruments and summarize the initial experience.Methods:Sixty subjects with cholelithiasis were divided into two groups.One group (36 cases) underwent TSPLC and the control group (24 cases) underwent traditional three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Postoperative complications were observed and operation time,hospital days,visual analogue scale (VAS) after 6 and 24 h of operation,and subject satisfaction score were measured.Results:TSPLC and traditional LC were performed successfully in the two groups.The operation time in the TSPLC group was significantly longer than that in the control group.There was no statistically significant difference in hospital stay and VAS between the TSPLC and control groups.The subject satisfaction score in the TSPLC group was 91.2,significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.01).All subjects recovered from the operation and no postoperative complication occurred during the period of two weeks after operation.Conclusions:TSPLC is a feasible and safe method for cholecystectomy,although it may be more time-consuming.However,it is welcomed by patients who are more concerned with cosmetic outcomes.Future studies are needed to confirm its disadvantages and contraindications.

  10. Comparison of efficacy of Ondansetron and Dexamethasone combination and Ondansetron alone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the efficacy of ondansetron alone and combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone in preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: The randomised control trial was conducted from April 23 to August 22, 2009, at the Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, and comprised 100 American Society of Anaesthesiology I and II patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Half of the subjects comprised Group A and received ondansetron alone, while Group B received combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone. They were randomised by opaque envelope method. Group A received ondansetron 4mg while Group B received ondansetron 4mg with dexamethasone 8mg, 1 minute before induction. Post-operatively patients were observed for six hours for any episode of nausea or vomiting, or whether the patients required any rescue anti emetic. SPSS 19 was used for statistical analysis. Results: Patients receiving ondansetron alone showed 14(28%) with incidence of nausea or vomiting while the other group showed 6(12%). This difference was statistically significant (p<0.046). Conclusion: Combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone was more efficacious compared to ondansetron alone in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. (author)

  11. Efficacy of port-site and intraperitoneal application of bupivacaine in reducing early post-laparoscopic cholecystectomy pain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to assess the analgesic efficacy of Bupivacaine application at port-site and intraperitoneal infiltration in patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Study Design: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Place and Duration: The study was conducted at Rehman Medical Institute (RMI) Peshawar, Pakistan from June 2009 to June 2012. Materials and Methods: Patients who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the study period were included in the study. Eighty patients were randomized into two groups, study group and control group. The study group received 40 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine intraoperatively as intraperitoneal infiltration and local infiltration at the port sites. Pain assessment was done using visual analogue pain score (VAS) of 0-10 at fixed intervals during the first 24 hours post surgery. Results: The mean VAS score in the study group was less as compared to the control group throughout the 24 hours assessment period, however this difference was statistically significant (p<0.001) only during the first three assessments at 1 hour, 4 hours and 8 hours post surgery. The analgesia requirement was also significantly (p<0.001) decreased in the study group. Conclusion: Port site and intraperitoneal application of local anesthetic bupivacaine significantly reduced pain during the first 8 hours post surgery and total analgesia requirement was also significantly reduced. It is a simple and easily applicable technique which increases patient comfort and can be safely used to decrease post operative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. (author)

  12. Colecistectomía transvaginal (NOTES combinada con minilaparoscopia Transvaginal cholecystectomy (NOTES combined with minilaparoscopy

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    C. Dolz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: comunicar la primera colecistectomía transvaginal realizada en humanos en nuestro país. Pacientes y métodos: mujer de 35 años de edad con historia de cólicos hepáticos de repetición de etiología litiásica. La intervención la realizó un equipo multidisciplinar constituido por cirujanos, gastroenterólogos y ginecólogos. Consistió en crear un neumoperitoneo mediante una aguja de Veres colocada en el fondo umbilical con posterior colocación de un trócar de 5 mm. Se colocó un segundo trócar de 3 mm en el hipocondrio derecho. Se realizó una colpotomía y colocación de un trócar vaginal de 12 mm que permitió el paso de un videogastroscopio que alcanzó el hilio hepático. Resultados: se realizó la colecistectomía mediante la acción conjunta de instrumentos de trabajo que pasaron por las puertas de entrada de la minilaparoscopia y por el videogastroscopio. La extracción de la vesícula se realizó por vía transvaginal mediante el videogastroscopio. No aparecieron complicaciones postoperatorias siendo la paciente dada de alta al cabo de 24 horas. Conclusiones: la colecistectomía transvaginal mediante la acción conjunta de un equipo multidiscliplinar es posible y segura. La cirugía endoscópica transluminal a través de orificios naturales (NOTES, es una modalidad emergente que intenta ser menos invasiva, mejor tolerada y más respetuosa con el daño estético que la cirugía laparoscópica y probablemente será la puerta de entrada de innovaciones médicas y tecnológicas de gran trascendencia durante los próximos años.Objective: to report on the first transvaginal cholecystectomy performed on a human being in Spain. Patients and methods: a 35-year-old female with a history of recurrent bouts of biliary pain resulting from gallstones. A surgical procedure was performed by a multidisciplinary team composed of surgeons, gastroenterologists, and gynecologists. It involved creating a pneumoperitoneum by placing a

  13. A prospective evaluation of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of chronic cholelithiasis: A five-year experience

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    Stanišić Veselin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a method of choice in the treatment of symptomatic cholecystolithiasis because of less postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization and lower cost of treatment. The study was aimed at analysing the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients surgically treated for chronic calculous cholecystitis (symptomatic cholelithiasis. Material and methods. The research was done in the period from December 2003 to December 2008. In the prospective study of 386 patients, we analyzed operative and postoperative complications, the reasons for conversion to open cholecystectomy, duration of hospitalization and mortality. Results. The average duration of laparoscopic cholecystectomy was 31.9±14.5 min: dissection of adhesions 3.2±0.7 min., elements of Calot´s triangle 9.8±3.2 min., gallbladder releasing from its bed 12.8±2.8 min., the abdominal cavity lavage and removal of gall­bladder from the abdomen 6.8±0.9 min. Some operative difficulties emerged in 22 (5.7% patients - 4 (1% during releasing of gallbladder adhesions from the surrounding structures, 9 (2.3% during dissection of elements of the Calot´s triangle, 6 (1.5% during gallbladder releasing from its bed, 3 (0.7% during gallbladder removal from the abdomen. Some post-operative complications, single or associated, occurred in 36 (9.3% patients: perforation of gallbladder 21 (5.4%, bleeding from gallbladder bed 18(4.6%/, injury of extra hepatic bile ducts 1 (0.2%, 9 (2.3% spillage of stones; 3 (0.7% conversions were made. The average duration of preoperative and postoperative hospitalization was 1.1±0.3 and 1.4±0.5 days, respectively. The pathohistological examination revealed 2 (0.5% adenocarcinoma of gallbladder. There were no lethal outcomes. Conclusion. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure and rational choice in the treatment of biliary dyskinesia and symptomatic biliary calculosis with an acceptable rate of conversion.

  14. LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY AT THE PATIENTS WITH THE ASSOCIATE PATHOLOGY AND DIFFICULT SURGICAL TECHNIQUES

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    A. Lesco

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper present an analysis made on 1210 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC. From these, 88 patients had associated pathology. The age of the patients was 11 – 82 yo. The indication for LC was large. In the study group (88 cases, the Acid-Base Balance (ABB, blood gasses, blood pressure, the central venous pressure (CVP, intra-cranial pressure (ICP, inspiratory resistance, temperature changes and also peritoneal biopsy were analysed. Methods: The multilateral study clinic-instrumental examinations of associate pathology in preoperative period were determined. Determination of the risk group and patients for LC has been allowed. Results: The CO2 pneumoperitoneum (PP (7-12 mmHg determines changes of the: 1 ABB (intra operator blood pH was 7.37 before and 7.25 after the procedure; 2 partial carbon dioxide (before 40, after 47; 3 blood pressure; 4 mean CVP (before operation - 6.67±0.17 and 10.73±0.29 after procedure (p<0.01; 5 ICP (8.65±0.19 mm, p<0.01; 6 inspiratory resistance; 7 temperature changes (due to the CO2 temperature. The conversion rate was (0,41%: complicated acute cholecystites (1, dense multiple adhesions (1, the incidence of significant hemorrhage (2, bile duct injury (1. The postoperative mortality were 0,33% (4 cases due to pulmonary artery tromboemboly. Billiary lesions during LC occur with a frequency of 0,41% (5 patients: four bile duct injuries and leaks and one case – right billiary accessory duct, were solved following another operation three days after the initial procedure. Wound infection was more frequently, occurring in 21 cases (1,74%. The other complications (14 cases include: subcutaneous emphysema and insufflations of the pro-peritoneal space, omentum, or mesentery. Conclusions: LC is a safety technique even in the patients with associated pathology, but the morbidity and mortality are high. No presumed ductal or vascular structure should be divided until its anatomical features have been completely

  15. A randomized controlled trial of laparoscopic versus open cholecystectomy in patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Ji; Ling-Tang Li; Zhi-Ming Wang; Zhu-Fu Quan; Xun-Ru Chen; Jie-Shou Li

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the characters, risks and benefits of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in cirrhotic portal hypertension (CPH) patients.METHODS: Altogether 80 patients with symptomatic gallbladder disease and CPH, including 41 Child class A,32 Child class B and 7 Child class C, were randomly divided into open cholecystectomy (OC) group (38 patients) and LC group (42 patients). The cohorts were well-matched for number, age, sex, Child classification and types of disease.Data of the two groups were collected and analyzed.RESULTS: In LC group, LC was successfully performed in 36 cases, and 2 patients were converted to OC for difficulty in managing bleeding under laparoscope and dense adhesion of Calot's triangle. The rate of conversion was 5.3%. The surgical duration was 62.6±15.2 min. The operative blood loss was 75.5±15.5 mL. The time to resume diet was 18.3±6.5 h. Seven postoperative complications occurred in five patients (13.2%). All patients were dismissed after an average of 4.6±2.4 d. In OC group, the operation time was 60.5±17.5 min. The operative blood loss was 112.5±23.5 mL. The time to resume diet was 44.2±10.5 h.Fifteen postoperative complications occurred in 12patients (30.0%). All patients were dismissed after an average of 7.5±3.5 d. There was no significant difference in operation time between OC and LC group. But LC offered several advantages over OC, including fewer blood loss and lower postoperative complication rate, shorter time to resume diet and shorter length of hospitalization in patients with CPH.CONCLUSION: Though LC for patients with CPH is difficult, it is feasible, relatively safe, and superior to OC.It is important to know the technical characters of the operation, and pay more attention to the meticulous perioperative managements.

  16. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallstones: A comparison of outcomebetween acute and chronic cholecystitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is now a common method of treatingsymptomatic gallstones and it is increasingly being requested by the informedgeneral public. Our aim was to evaluate the role of LC for cholelithiasis andto establish its outcome and the effect of gender on the results. BetweenSeptember 1994 and June 99, all patients who underwent LC for cholelithiasiswere retrospectively reviewed. They were classified as having acute orchronic cholecystitis (AC or CC). There were 791 patients with CC (633females, 158 males) and 204 patients with AC (124 females, 80 males).Conversion to open cholecystectomy was needed in 0.76% and 11.8% of thepatients with CC and AC, respectively (P<0.00). Four percent of the femalepatients with AC needed conversion as compared to 23.8% in the males(P<0.00). The low conversion rate in CC limited gender comparison. Medianoperation time in the patients with CC was 53+-16 minutes as compared to74.5+-35.7 minutes in those with AC (P<0.00). Operation time in the malepatients with CC and AC was significantly higher than in the female patients,even after excluding the converted cases (P<0.00). Median postoperative stayfor patients with CC was 1.33+-0.9 days as compared to 1.9+-1.34 days inpatients with AC (P<0.00). No statistical significance in the hospital staywas found between males and females (in CC and AC). There was no mortality inthe series. There were three bile duct injuries in the patients with CC. Inpatients with successful LC, gallbladder perforation occurred in 18% and 31%of CC and AC patients, respectively, (P<0.003). Missed stones occurred in1.4% and 3.3% of the patients with successful LC for CC and AC, respectively.Bile collection, which was treated with open drainage, occurred in fourpatients with CC and one patient with AC. LC for symptomatic cholelithiasisis safe and feasible; it should be the first choice before resorting to opensurgery. In patients with AC as compared to CC, there is an increasedconversion rate

  17. A COMPARATIVE CLINICAL EVALUATION OF LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY WITH SINGLE AND MULTIPORT ACCESS

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    Zaheer

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Single port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC was introduced to minimize postoperative morbidity and improve cosmesis. We performed a comparative study to assess feasibility , safety and perceived benefits of SPLC. Two groups of patients (40 each with comparable demographic characteristics were selected for SPLC and multiport laparoscopic cholecystectomy (MPLC between November 2010 to October 2011. SPLC was performed using X - cone with 5 and 10 mm extra - long (50 cm telescope and 3 ports for hand instruments. MPLC was performed with traditional 4 port technique. A large window was always created during dissectio n to obtain the critical view of safety. Data collection was prospective. The primary end points were postoperative pain and surgical complications. Secondary end points were patient assessed cosmesis and satisfaction with body image and operating time. Th e mean VAS scores for pain at rest in MPLC group were higher on day 0 (SPLC 3.38 versus MPLC 4.80 , p0.0001. VAS on coughing/straining was also significantly higher in MPLC group on day 0(SPLC 3.98 versus MPLC 6.48 , p0.0001.VAS on post - operative day 1 was significantly higher in MPLC group (SPLC 2.25 versus MPLC 3.80 , p0.000. Number and nature of surgical complications was statistically insignificant. Post - operative resumption of normal activity was earlier in SPLC group (SPLC 7.08 , MPLC 10.83 , p0.0001. Patient assessed cosmesis and satisfaction with body image scores on likert index (SPLC 5 in 100% versus MPLC 3 in 82.5% and 3 in 7.50% indicating better cosmesis and greater patient satisfaction in SPLC. SPLC took longer to perform (87.63min versus 58 mi n in MPLC. Additional laparoscopic device ( A lligator , 2.3 mm grasper was used for retraction of gall bladder in 6 patients and 5mm right subcostal port in SPLC. SPLC appears to be feasible and safe with cosmetic benefits in selected patients. However , ch allenges remain to improve operative ergonomics. SPLC needs to be

  18. Recovery profile-e comparison of isoflurane and propofol anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare the recovery profile in terms of time of extubation, eye opening, orientation and mobility and frequency of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) between propofol and isoflurane based anesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy with prophylactic antiemetic. After informed consent, a total of 60 ASA I-II patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were divided in two equal groups I and P. Anesthesia in all patients were induced by Nalbuphine 0.15 mg/kg, Midazolam 0.03 mg/kg, Propofol 1.5 mg/kg and Rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg. Anesthesia was maintained with Isoflurane in group I and propofol infusion in group P, while ventilation was maintained with 50% N/sub 2/O/sub 2/ mixture in both the groups. All patients were given antiemetic prophylaxis. Hemodynamics were recorded throughout anesthesia and recovery period. At the end of surgery, times of extubation, eye opening, orientation (by modified Aldrete score) and mobility (recovery profile) were assessed. PONV was observed and recorded immediately after extubation, during early postoperative period (0-4 hours) and late period (4-24 hours). Antiemetic requirements were also recorded for the same periods in both the groups. Propofol provided faster recovery (extubation and eye opening times) and orientation in immediate postoperative period with statistically significant differences between the groups (p<0.0001). Recovery characteristics were comparably lower in group I. More patients achieved full points (8) on modified Aldrete score at different time until 30 minutes in group P. Postoperative nausea and vomiting in early and late periods were significantly reduced in group P. Moreover, requirement of rescue antiemetic doses were significantly lower in group P in 24 hours (p<0.0001). In this series, recovery was much faster with earlier gain of orientation with propofol anesthesia compared to isoflurane in the early recovery periods. Propofol is likely to be a better choice of

  19. A comparison of lightwand and laryngoscopic intubation techniques in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chenglan Xie; Congjin Ju; Jiawen Cheng; Xuejun Yan; Dengquan Guo

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To assess the effects of lightwand and laryngoscopic intubation techniques in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods: 300 ASA physical status Ⅰ and Ⅱ patients, undergoing LC, were randomly assigned to two groups, with 150 cases in each group. Patients in the LS group underwent endotracheal intubation using a standard direct-suspension laryngoscopic technique. Patients in the LW group were intubated by using transillumination with a lightwand. Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were recorded before induction, and at 1, 3 and 5 min after intubation. The incidence and of sore throat, hoarseness, and dysphagia was assessed twenty-four hours after surgery. Results: This study demonstrated no clinically significant difference in cardiovascular variables between the two techniques. Patients had a significantly lower incidence of sore throat, hoarseness, and dysphagia when the lightwand was used for intubation. Conclusion: This study suggests that lightwand intubation may decrease the incidence of postoperative sore throat, hoarseness,and dysphagia, thereby potentially increasing satisfaction in surgical patients. Therefore, more frequent use of the lightwand is recommended for endotracheal intubation.

  20. Spontaneous tension pneumothorax during laparoscopic cholecystectomy secondary to congenital diaphragm defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhengnian Ding; Qinhai Zhou; Bo Gui

    2009-01-01

    A 67-year-old woman with chronic cholecystitis was scheduled to have laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia. About 5~10 min after the CO2 intraperitoneal insufflation, the peak airway pressure gradually increased from 15 cmH2O to 27 cmH2O, the end-tidal CO2(EtCO2) from 32 mmHg to 56 mmHg. The SpO2 decreased from 100% to 96%, and blood pressure from 135/80 mmHg to 80/ 52 mmHg. A fight side tension pneumothorax was confirmed and a drainage tube was placed in the fight pleura] cavity. As the continuous gas leakage from the drainage tube was noted, even as ventilation was withheld, the diaphragm was carefully examined and a porous diaphragm was found. These defects were then patched with biomedical materials. The operation was finished uneventfully. It was concluded that in a patient with a tension pneumothorax during laparoscopic surgery, a diaphragm defect should be taken into consideration.

  1. Effect of implanting fibrin sealant with ropivacaine on pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Zhu Fu; Jie Li; Ze-Li Yu

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the safety and efficacy of implanting fibrin sealant with sustained-release ropivacaine in the gallbladder bed for pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: Sixty patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status was Ⅰ or Ⅱ and underwent LC) were randomly divided into three equal groups: group A (implantation of fibrin sealant in the gallbladder bed), group B (implantation of fibrin sealant carrying ropivacaine in the gallbladder bed), and group C (normal saline in the gallbladder bed). Postoperative pain was evaluated, and pain relief was assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) scoring. RESULTS: The findings showed that 81.7% of patients had visceral pain, 50% experienced parietal, and 26.7% reported shoulder pain after LC. Visceral pain was significantly less in group B patients than in the other groups ( P < 0.05), and only one patient in this group experienced shoulder pain. The mean VAS score in group B patients was lower than that in the other groups. CONCLUSION: Visceral pain is prominent after LC and can be effectively controlled by implanting fibrin sealant combined with ropivacaine in the gallbladder bed.

  2. Perioperative plasma concentrations of stable nitric oxide products are predictive of cognitive dysfunction after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Iohom, G

    2012-02-03

    In this study our objectives were to determine the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy under sevoflurane anesthesia in patients aged >40 and <85 yr and to examine the associations between plasma concentrations of i) S-100beta protein and ii) stable nitric oxide (NO) products and POCD in this clinical setting. Neuropsychological tests were performed on 42 ASA physical status I-II patients the day before, and 4 days and 6 wk after surgery. Patient spouses (n = 13) were studied as controls. Cognitive dysfunction was defined as deficit in one or more cognitive domain(s). Serial measurements of serum concentrations of S-100beta protein and plasma concentrations of stable NO products (nitrate\\/nitrite, NOx) were performed perioperatively. Four days after surgery, new cognitive deficit was present in 16 (40%) patients and in 1 (7%) control subject (P = 0.01). Six weeks postoperatively, new cognitive deficit was present in 21 (53%) patients and 3 (23%) control subjects (P = 0.03). Compared with the "no deficit" group, patients who demonstrated a new cognitive deficit 4 days postoperatively had larger plasma NOx at each perioperative time point (P < 0.05 for each time point). Serum S-100beta protein concentrations were similar in the 2 groups. In conclusion, preoperative (and postoperative) plasma concentrations of stable NO products (but not S-100beta) are associated with early POCD. The former represents a potential biochemical predictor of POCD.

  3. Routine testing of liver function before and after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: is it necessary?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ahmad, Nasir Zaheer

    2012-01-31

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Liver function tests (LFTs) include alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and bilirubin. The role of routine testing before and after laparoscopic cholecystectomy was evaluated in this study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 355 patients were retrospectively analyzed by examining the LFTs the day before, the day after, and 3 weeks after the surgery. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Student t test were performed to determine statistical significance. RESULTS: Alterations in the serum AST, ALT, and GGT were seen on the first postoperative day. Minor changes were seen in bilirubin and ALP. An overall disturbance in the LFTs was seen in more than two-thirds of the cases. Repeat LFTs performed after 3 weeks on follow-up were found to be within normal limits. CONCLUSION: Mild-to-moderate elevation in preoperative LFTs may not be associated with any deleterious effect, and, in the absence of clinical indications, routine preoperative or postoperative liver function testing is unnecessary.

  4. Imaging patients with 'post-cholecystectomy syndrome': an algorithmic approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Terhaar, O.A. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland); Abbas, S. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland); Thornton, F.J. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland); Duke, D. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland); O' Kelly, P. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland); Abdullah, K. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland); Varghese, J.C. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland); Lee, M.J. [Department of Academic Radiology, Beaumont Hospital and Royal College of Surgeons Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin (Ireland)]. E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To assess the role of ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and liver function tests (LFTs) in the evaluation of selected patients presenting with late post-cholecystectomy syndrome (PCS) who were referred for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study a final group of 42 patients with PCS referred for diagnostic ERCP underwent MRCP and abdominal US. ERCP and MRCP images were assessed for bile duct diameters and the presence of strictures and stones. A common bile duct (CBD) diameter of <10 mm was considered normal, whereas {>=}10 mm was considered abnormal on US. Findings were correlated to LFTs with contingency table results performed for single techniques and combination of methods. RESULTS: In total 14 stones and one stricture were seen. US had a high negative predictive value (86.4%). MRCP had a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 88.0%. ERCP is the most accurate test but failed in 11 patients, five of whom had a stone. The accuracy of US and LFTs increases to 93.8% if test results agree in either negative or positive outcome. CONCLUSION: US and LFTs are first-line tests in PCS. If the CBD on US is {>=}10 mm, but no cause is identified, MRCP should be performed. If US and LFTs are normal then MRCP is not necessary. The availability of LFTs raises the diagnostic value of imaging.

  5. Detection of common bile duct stones before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Evaluation with MR cholangiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To assess the diagnostic value of MR cholangiography (MRC) for detecting common bile duct (CBD) stones in candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Material and Methods: A series of 95 selected patients with gallstones and suspected CBD lithiasis (abnormal serum liver tests and/or CBD size 6.5 mm at US) were referred to our institution for MRC, before LC. MRC was performed on a 0.5 T magnet through a non-breath-hold, respiratory-triggered, fat-suppressed, thin-slab, heavily T2-weighted fast spin-echo sequence and through a breath-hold, thick-slab, single-shot T2-weighted sequence in the coronal plane. Axial T1- and T2-weighted sequences were first obtained. Two observers in conference reviewed source images and maximum intensity projections to determine the presence or absence of choledocholithiasis. MR findings were compared with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and intraoperative cholangiography (IOC); IOC was always performed during LC. Results: CBD calculi (single or multiple) were identified in 41 out of 95 patients (43%). Two false-positive and 4 false-negative cases were found on MRC. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of MRC for choledocholithiasis were 90%, 96%, 94%, 95%, and 93%, respectively. Conclusion: MRC is a highly effective diagnostic modality for evaluation of patients with risk factors for CBD stones prior to LC Bile ducts gallbladder calculi stenosis or obstruction MR imaging

  6. Prospective single center Study of 100 patients undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy – Changing Trends.

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    Tapan Shah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Gall bladder is the disease of WOMEN – It is being said that Fatty, forty, fertile, female with right hypochondrium pain always suspect Gall bladder disease. Gallstone disease is one of the most common problems affecting the digestive tract. Prevalence of gallstones from 11 to 36%. The prevalence of gallstones is related to many factors, including age, gender, and ethnic background, Obesity, pregnancy, dietary factors, Crohn's disease, terminal ileal resection etc.Acute Cholecystitis is secondary to gallstones in 90 to 95% of cases. Obstruction of the cystic duct by a gallstone is the initiating event that leads to gallbladder distension, inflammation, and oedema of the gallbladder wall.Here in our study we found shifting of sex and age factors.Objective: To study the various presentations of Gall Bladder diseases and to study their outcome after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.Conclusion: Gall bladder diseases are the commonest problem encountered by a surgeon, with variable presentations. Not only female but preponderence is changing towards male sex.

  7. Perioperative Continuous Ropivacaine Wound Infusion in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Randomized Controlled Double-blind Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassoulaki, Argyro; Vassi, Emilia; Korkolis, Dimitrios; Zotou, Marianna

    2016-02-01

    Wound infusion with local anesthetics has been used for postoperative pain relief with variable results. This randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial examines the effect of ropivacaine infusion on pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A total of 110 patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. After induction of anesthesia a 75-mm catheter was inserted subcutaneously and connected to an elastomeric pump containing either 0.75% ropivacaine (ropivacaine group) or normal saline (control group) for 24 hours postoperatively. Before skin closure, each hole was infiltrated with 2 mL of 0.75% ropivacaine or normal saline according to randomization. Pain at rest, pain during cough, and analgesic consumption were recorded in the postanesthesia care unit and at 2, 4, 8, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively. Analgesic requirements and pain scores were recorded 1 and 3 months after surgery. The ropivacaine group reported less pain during cough (P=0.044) in the postanesthesia care unit (P=0.017) and 4 hours postoperatively (P=0.038). Ropivacaine wound infusion had no effect on late and chronic pain. PMID:26679680

  8. Development of bile duct bezoars following cholecystectomy caused by choledochoduodenal fistula formation: a case report

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    Adibnejad Soheil

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The formation of bile duct bezoars is a rare event. Its occurrence when there is no history of choledochoenteric anastomosis or duodenal diverticulum constitutes an extremely scarce finding. Case presentation We present a case of obstructive jaundice, caused by the concretion of enteric material (bezoars in the common bile duct following choledochoduodenal fistula development. Six years after cholecystectomy, a 60-year-old female presented with abdominal pain and jaundice. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography demonstrated multiple filling defects in her biliary tract. The size of the obstructing objects necessitated surgical retrieval of the stones. A histological assessment of the objects revealed fibrinoid materials with some cellular debris. Post-operative T-tube cholangiography (9 days after the operation illustrated an open bile duct without any filling defects. Surprisingly, a relatively long choledochoduodenal fistula was detected. The fistula formation was assumed to have led to the development of the bile duct bezoar. Conclusion Bezoar formation within the bile duct should be taken into consideration as a differential diagnosis, which can alter treatment modalities from surgery to less invasive methods such as more intra-ERCP efforts. Suspicions of the presence of bezoars are strengthened by the detection of a biliary enteric fistula through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Furthermore, patients at a higher risk of fistula formation should undergo a thorough ERCP in case there is a biliodigestive fistula having developed spontaneously.

  9. Combined usage with intraperitoneal and incisional ropivacaine reduces pain severity after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Dan-Shu; Guan, Feng; Wang, Bin; Zhang, Tian

    2015-01-01

    Postoperative pain is the main obstacle for safely rapid recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). In this study, we systemically evaluated the analgesic efficacy of intraperitoneal and incisional ropivacaine injected at the end of the LC. A total of 160 patients, scheduled for elective LC, were allocated into four groups. Group Sham received intraperitoneal and incisional normal saline (NS). Group IC received incisional ropivacaine and intraperitoneal NS. Group IP received incisional NS and intraperitoneal ropivacaine. Group ICP received intraperitoneal and incisional ropivacaine. At the end of the surgery, ropivacaine was injected into the surgical bed through the right subcostal port and infiltrated at the four ports. Dynamic pain by a visual analogue scale (VAS) and cumulative morphine consumption at 2 h, 6 h, 24 h, and 48 h postoperatively, as well as incidence of side-effects over 48 h after LC was recorded. Compared with those in group Sham, the time of post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) stay, dynamic VAS score (VAS-D) 2 h and 6 h postoperatively, cumulative morphine consumption 6 h and 24 h postoperatively, and incidence of nausea and vomiting 48 h after LC in group IC and ICP were less (PPACU transfer and effectively and safely reduce pain intensity after LC. PMID:26885228

  10. EFFECT OF ORAL MOXONIDINE IN THE ATTENUATION OF THE HEMODYNAMIC RESPONSES SEEN DURING LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY: A CLINICAL STUDY

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    Raghuram

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Pneumoperitoneum required for laparoscopic surgeries results in various pathophysiologic changes in the body, especially in the cardiovascular system. Moxonidine is a selective Imidazoline I1-receptor agonist with an I1:α2 affinity ratio of 40:1 to 70:1. Through an action in the Rostral Ventrolateral Medulla (RVLM, where the I1 receptors are situated, it reduces sympathetic outflow and lowers peripheral vascular resistance. BP reduction is not accompanied by any significant change in heart rate or cardiac output. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate effect of orally administered Moxonidine in attenuating the hemodynamic responses that occur during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 adult ASA I and II patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected for this prospective randomized double blinded comparative study. They were randomly allocated to two groups; Moxonidine group and Placebo group. Moxonidine group received oral Moxonidine 0.3 mg at 8 PM the day before surgery and at 8 AM on the day of surgery. Placebo group received a placebo at the same timing as that of the Moxonidine group. RESULTS: When vital parameters were compared significant rise in heart rate, systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure was noted in the Placebo group following pneumoperitoneum, where as in Moxonidine group the rise was not more than 20% of baseline. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, Moxonidine when administered preoperatively provides perioperative hemodynamic stability in ASA I and II patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It’s other benefits such as absence of reflex tachycardia, preservation of hepatic and renal function makes it a good choice for laparoscopic procedure.

  11. Oral premedication with pregabalin or clonidine for hemodynamic stability during laryngoscopy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A comparative evaluation

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    Kumkum Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hemodynamic responses of laryngoscopy and laparoscopy should be attenuated by the appropriate premedication, smooth induction, and rapid intubation. The present study evaluated the clinical efficacy of oral premedication with pregabalin or clonidine for hemodynamic stability during laryngoscopy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: A total of 180 healthy adult consented patients aged 35 to 52 years with American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA physical status I and II of both gender, who met the inclusion criteria for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, were randomized to receive placebo Group I, pregabalin (150 mg Group II, or clonidine (200 μg Group III, given 75 to 90 minutes before surgery as oral premedication. All groups were compared for preoperative sedation and anxiety level along with changes of heart rate and mean arterial pressure prior to premedication, before induction, after laryngoscopy, pneumoperitoneum, release of carbon dioxide, and extubation. Intraoperative analgesic drug requirement and any postoperative complications were also recorded. Results: Pregabalin and clonidine proved to have sedative and anxiolytic effects as oral premedicants and decreased the need of intraoperative analgesic drug requirement. Clonidine was superior to pregabalin for attenuation of the hemodynamic responses to laryngoscopy and laparoscopy, but it increased the incidence of intra-and postoperative bradycardia. No significant differences in the parameters of recovery were observed between the groups. None of the premedicated patient has suffered from any postoperative side effects. Conclusion: Oral premedication with pregabalin 150 mg or clonidine 200 μg causes sedation and anxiolysis with hemodynamic stability during laryngoscopy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, without prolongation of recovery time and side effects.

  12. Comparison of hemodynamic and metabolic stress responses caused by endotracheal tube and Proseal laryngeal mask airway in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Handan Güleç

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: We aimed to compare hemodynamic and endocrine alterations caused by stress response due to Proseal laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube usage in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: Sixty-three ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups of endotracheal tube and Proseal laryngeal mask airway. Standard general anaesthesia was performed in both groups with the same drugs in induction and maintenance of anaesthesia. After anaesthesia induction and 20 minutes after CO 2 insufflations, venous blood samples were obtained for measuring adrenalin, noradrenalin, dopamine and cortisol levels. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were recorded at the 1 st , 5 th , 15 th , 30 th and 45 th minutes after the insertion of airway devices. Results: No statistically significant differences in age, body mass index, gender, ASA physical status, and operation time were found between the groups (p > 0.05. Changes in hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were not statistically significant when compared between and within groups (p > 0.05. Although no statistically significant differences were observed between and within groups when adrenalin, noradrenalin and dopamine values were compared, serum cortisol levels after CO 2 insufflation in PLMA group were significantly lower than the ETT group (p = 0.024. When serum cortisol levels were compared within groups, cortisol levels 20 minutes after CO 2 insufflation were significantly higher (46.1 (9.5-175.7 and 27.0 (8.3-119.4 in the ETT and PLMA groups, respectively than cortisol levels after anaesthesia induction (11.3 (2.8-92.5 and 16.6 (4.4-45.4 in the ETT and PLMA groups, respectively in both groups (p = 0.001. Conclusion: PLMA usage is a suitable, effective and safe alternative to ETT in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients with lower metabolic stress.

  13. COMPARISON OF EFFICACY OF INTRAPERITONEALLY ADMIN I STERED LOCAL ANAESTHETICS WITH ADJUVANTS FOR POST - OPERATIVE ANALGESIA AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

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    Subbalakshmi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT : Post - operative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less than open cholecystectomy, but many patients require strong analgesia postoperatively. Intraperitoneal administration of local anaesthetics alone or in combination with various adjuvan ts can control post - operative pain. AIM : To compare the analgesic effect of the intraperitoneal administration of Bupivacaine, Bupivacaine plus Tramadol and Bupivacaine plus Dexmedetomidine. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: 80 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecys tectomy were randomly allocated to one of four groups: Group C; Group B, Group T and Group D. METHODS AND MATERIAL : 80 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated to one of four groups: Group C received 20 ml of saline; Group B received 20 ml of 0.25% Bupivacaine. Group T received 20 ml of 0.25% Bupivacaine with 100 mg Tramadol and patients allocated to Group D received 20 ml of 0.25% Bupivacaine with 1μg/kg of Dexmedetomidine intraperitoneally post - operatively. Faces pain scale was recorded at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 24 hours postoperatively. Time of requirement of rescue analgesia was calculated. Level of sedation postoperatively was assessed. Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV was also recorded. STATISTICAL ANAL YSIS : Data was analyzed by two - way analysis of variance, Student’s t - test, Kruscal - Walis and Mann - Whitney U - test. RESULTS : Pain intensity, time of requirement of rescue analgesia, sedation score, as well as PONV were significantly lower in Group D, Group T and Group B than in Group C. Duration of post - operative analgesia was highest with Bupivacaine plus Dexmedetomidine. Ther e were no differences between the three groups receiving Bupivacaine and Bupivacaine with Tramadol and Bupivacaine with Dexmedetomidine in FPS score, incidence of PONV and postoperative analgesic and antiemetic consumption. CONCLUSIONS : Bupivacaine with or without adjuvants provides

  14. Massive right hemothorax as the source of hemorrhagic shock after laparoscopic cholecystectomy - case report of a rare intraoperative complication

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    Federico Biolchini

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A 62-year old man was referred to our institution in hemorrhagic shock after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis, performed at an outside hospital. A chest X-ray revealed a right-sided massive pleural effusion. Urgent surgical exploration was performed through a video-assisted mini-thoracotomy which revealed active bleeding from a pleural adherence. Successful hemostasis was achieved intraoperatively and the patient had an uneventful recovery. In absence of intra-abdominal hemorrhage, a hemothorax should be considered as a potential source of major bleeding in patients who develop symptoms of hypovolemia after laparoscopic surgery.

  15. Colecistectomia videolaparoscópica ambulatorial Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in an ambulatory care setting

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    Alexandre Cruz Henriques

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Os autores apresentam sua experiência com 50 pacientes operados de colecistectomia videolaparoscópica em regime ambulatorial, no Hospital de Ensino da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC. MÉTODO: Quarenta e dois pacientes (84% eram do sexo feminino e oito (16% do masculino, a idade variou de 23 a 60 anos, com média de 41,5 anos. Foram submetidos ao procedimento pacientes com diagnóstico de colecistite crônica calculosa, que obedeciam aos seguintes critérios: inexistência de colecistite aguda, idade máxima de 60 anos, ausência de suspeita de coledocolitíase, avaliação clínica pré-operatória ASA I ou II, aprovação do paciente quanto ao método e período de internação empregados e presença de acompanhante. O posicionamento da equipe e a técnica utilizada foram os preconizados pela escola americana. RESULTADOS: O tempo cirúrgico variou de 50 minutos a 2 horas, com média de 1 hora e 25 minutos. A colangiografia intra-operatória foi realizada em 35 pacientes (70%, demonstrando coledocolitíase em um caso (2%, que necessitou conversão para cirurgia aberta. As complicações mais freqüentes no período pós-operatório imediato foram náuseas e vômitos em três casos (6%, seguidas de dor abdominal intensa em dois casos (4%. Foram tratados com antieméticos e analgésicos e tiveram a alta hospitalar adiada para o dia seguinte à operação. Quarenta e quatro pacientes (88% tiveram condições de alta no mesmo dia. O período de permanência hospitalar foi entre nove e 12 horas. O retorno ambulatorial era programado para o sétimo e trigésimo dias pós-operatório, não havendo necessidade de reinternação em nenhum caso. CONCLUSÕES: A colecistectomia videolaparoscópica ambulatorial é um procedimento seguro.BACKGROUND: The authors present their experience with 50 patients undergoing videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy in an ambulatory care setting at University Hospital, ABC Medical School. METHODS:Forty-two patients (84

  16. Two-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy with modified suture retraction of the fundus: A practical approach

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    Ming G Tian

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Although transumbilical single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC has been demonstrated to be superior cosmetic, it is only limited to simple cases at present. In complex cases, the standard four- or three-port LC is still the treatment of choice. Aim: To summarize the clinical effect of a modified technique in two-port LC. Settings and Design: A consecutive series of patients with benign gallbladder diseases admitted to the provincial teaching hospital who underwent LC in the past 4 years were included. A modified two-port LC was the first choice except for those requiring laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE. Materials and Methods: The operation was done with suture retraction of the fundus by a needle-like retractor. The patients′ data, including the operative time, time consumed by gallbladder retraction, operative bleeding, conversion rate, rate of adding trocars, and postoperative complications were recorded. Statistical Analysis: Data were expressed as percentage and mean with standard deviation. Results: Total 107 patients with chronic calculous cholecystitis (N = 61, acute calculous cholecystitis (N = 43, and cholecystic polyps (N = 3 received two-port LC. The procedure was successful in 99 out of 107 cases (success rate, 92.5%, and a third trocar was added in the remaining 8 cases (7.5% due to severe pathological changes. The operative time was 47.2 (±13.21 min. There was no conversion to open surgery. Conclusion: Two-port LC using a needle-like retractor for suture retraction of the gallbladder fundus is a practical approach when considering the safety, convenience, and indications as well as relatively minimal invasion.

  17. Comparisons of prediction models of quality of life after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a longitudinal prospective study.

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    Hon-Yi Shi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Few studies of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC outcome have used longitudinal data for more than two years. Moreover, no studies have considered group differences in factors other than outcome such as age and nonsurgical treatment. Additionally, almost all published articles agree that the essential issue of the internal validity (reproducibility of the artificial neural network (ANN, support vector machine (SVM, Gaussian process regression (GPR and multiple linear regression (MLR models has not been adequately addressed. This study proposed to validate the use of these models for predicting quality of life (QOL after LC and to compare the predictive capability of ANNs with that of SVM, GPR and MLR. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A total of 400 LC patients completed the SF-36 and the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index at baseline and at 2 years postoperatively. The criteria for evaluating the accuracy of the system models were mean square error (MSE and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE. A global sensitivity analysis was also performed to assess the relative significance of input parameters in the system model and to rank the variables in order of importance. Compared to SVM, GPR and MLR models, the ANN model generally had smaller MSE and MAPE values in the training data set and test data set. Most ANN models had MAPE values ranging from 4.20% to 8.60%, and most had high prediction accuracy. The global sensitivity analysis also showed that preoperative functional status was the best parameter for predicting QOL after LC. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Compared with SVM, GPR and MLR models, the ANN model in this study was more accurate in predicting patient-reported QOL and had higher overall performance indices. Further studies of this model may consider the effect of a more detailed database that includes complications and clinical examination findings as well as more detailed outcome data.

  18. Influence of preemptive analgesia on pulmonary function and complications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şen, Meral; Özol, Duygu; Bozer, Mikdat

    2009-12-01

    Pain and diaphragmatic dysfunction are the major reasons for postoperative pulmonary complications after upper abdominal surgery. Preoperative administration of analgesics helps to reduce and prevent pain. The objective of this study was first to research the rate of pulmonary complications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and then analyze the influence of preemptive analgesia on pulmonary functions and complications. Seventy patients scheduled for elective LC were included in our double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, prospective study. Randomly, 35 patients received 1 g etofenamate (group 1) and 35 patients 0.9% saline (group 2) intramuscularly 1 h before surgery. All patients underwent physical examination, chest radiography, lung function tests, and pulse oxygen saturation measurements 2 h before surgery and postoperatively on day 2. Atelectasis was graded as micro, focal, segmental, or lobar. With preemptive analgesia, the need for postoperative analgesia decreased significantly in group 1. In both groups mean spirometric values were reduced significantly after the operation, but the difference and proportional change according to preoperative recordings were found to be similar [29.5 vs. 31.3% reduction in forced vital capacity (FVC) and 32.9 vs. 33.5% reduction in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) for groups 1 and 2, respectively]. There was an insignificant drop in oxygen saturation rates for both groups. The overall incidence of atelectasia was similar for group 1 and 2 (30.2 vs. 29.2%). Although the degree of atelectesia was found to be more severe in the placebo group, the difference was not statistically significant. We concluded that although preemptive analgesia decreased the need for postoperative analgesia, this had no effect on pulmonary functions and pulmonary complications. PMID:19117121

  19. Operative stress response and energy metabolism after laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared to open surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kai Luo; Jie-Shou Li; Ling-Tang Li; Kei-Hui Wang; Jing-Mei Shun

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To determine the least invasive surgical procedure by comparing the levels of operative stress hormones, responsereactive protein (CRP) and rest energy expenditure (REE)after laparoscopic (LC) and open cholecystectomy (OC).METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive patients with noncomplicated gallstones were randomized for LC (14) and OC (12). Plasma concentrations of somatotropin, insulin, cortisol and CRP were measured. The levels of REE were determined.RESULTS: In the third postoperative day, the insulin levels were lower compared to that before operation (P<0.05).Tn the first postoperative day, the levels of somatotropin and cortisol were higher in OC than those in LC. After operation the parameters of somatotropin, CRP and cortisol increased, compared to those in the preoperative period in the all patients (P<0.05). In the all-postoperative days,the CRP level was higher in OC than that in LC (7.46±0.02;7.38±0.01, P<0.05). After operation the REE level all increased in OC and LC (P<0.05). In the all-postoperative days, the REE level was higher in OC than that in LC (1438.5±A18.5;1222.3±L80.8, P<0.05).CONCLUSION: LC results in less prominent stress response and smaller metabolic interference compared to open surgery. These advantages are beneficial to the restoration of stress hormones, the nitrogen balance, and the energy metabolism. However, LC can also induce acidemia and pulmonary hypoperfusion because of the penumoperitonium it uses during surgery.

  20. The outcome of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis

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    Yusuf Yağmur

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: It is still controversial to perform a laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC for the management of acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP at the early hospitalization period, because of adhesions and dissection difficulties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of the patients with ABP who underwent LC prior to hospital discharge.Methods: A total of 43 patients with ABP, that underwent LC after clinical and laboratory improvement, were retrospectively evaluated. Patient’s age, gender, laboratory findings; ultrasonography (USG, magnetic resonance and other imaging results, surgical operation duration, complications, mortality and postoperative hospital stay days were recorded and statistically analyzed.Results: The median age of patients was 51.8 (20-83 years. A total of 29 (67.4% patients were women and 14 (32.6% were male. The cause was gallstone in all patients. In addition, hyperparathyroidism was found in one patient and hyperlipidemia was present in the other one. Gallbladder stones were determined in all patients. Common bile duct enlargement and stones were detected in 7 patients. Three patients underwent sphyncterectomy and stone extraction according to clinical status. Operations were performed at the mean hospitalization day of 11.4 (3-23. LC was performed to 39 (%90.6 of patients. However, 4 (9.4% patients had intra-abdominal adhesions secondary to infection and were switched to open surgery. The mean operation time was 70 (25-160 minutes and the mean duration of postoperative hospital stay was 3 (1-6 days. In a patient who underwent LC and ERCP preoperatively complication occurred. A second drainage operation was performed and due to development of necrotizing pancreatitis, the patient was lost at the postoperative 7th day secondary to adult type respiratory distress syndrome.Conclusions: In patients with ABP whose clinical and laboratory findings were improved, late LC can be performed safely during their first

  1. Evolution of SILS Cholecystectomy in the Caribbean: The Direct Transfascial Puncture Technique Using Conventional Instruments without Working Ports

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    Shamir O. Cawich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC has become accepted as an alternative to conventional multiport cholecystectomy. However, SILC is still limited in applicability in low resource centres due to the expense associated with specialized access platforms, curved instruments, and flexible scopes. Presentation of Case. We present three cases where a modified SILC technique was used with conventional instruments and no working ports. The evolution of this technique is described. Discussion. In order to contain cost, we used conventional instruments and three transfascial ports placed in an umbilical incision, but we noted significant instrument clashes that originated at the port platforms. Therefore, we modified our technique by omitting ports for the working instruments. The technique allowed us to exchange instruments as necessary, maximized ergonomics, and prevented collisions from the bulky port platforms. Finally, the puncture left by the instrument alone did not require fascial closure at the termination of the procedure. Conclusion. The direct transfascial puncture using conventional laparoscopic instruments without working ports is a feasible option that minimizes cost and increases ergonomics.

  2. Evolution of SILS Cholecystectomy in the Caribbean: The Direct Transfascial Puncture Technique Using Conventional Instruments without Working Ports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cawich, Shamir O; Thomas, Dexter; Hassranah, Dale; Naraynsingh, Vijay

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has become accepted as an alternative to conventional multiport cholecystectomy. However, SILC is still limited in applicability in low resource centres due to the expense associated with specialized access platforms, curved instruments, and flexible scopes. Presentation of Case. We present three cases where a modified SILC technique was used with conventional instruments and no working ports. The evolution of this technique is described. Discussion. In order to contain cost, we used conventional instruments and three transfascial ports placed in an umbilical incision, but we noted significant instrument clashes that originated at the port platforms. Therefore, we modified our technique by omitting ports for the working instruments. The technique allowed us to exchange instruments as necessary, maximized ergonomics, and prevented collisions from the bulky port platforms. Finally, the puncture left by the instrument alone did not require fascial closure at the termination of the procedure. Conclusion. The direct transfascial puncture using conventional laparoscopic instruments without working ports is a feasible option that minimizes cost and increases ergonomics. PMID:25349766

  3. Usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiography in the diagnosis of biliary tract lesions in patients with suspected complication following cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: to determine the usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the diagnoses of bile duct injuries following cholecystectomy. Material and method: MRCP was retrospectively evaluated in 40 patients with suspected bile duct injury after laparoscopic or conventional cholecystectomy. Eight of these patients had been submitted to biliary reconstruction. All patients were symptomatic (jaundice, fever and chills, weight loss and abdominal pain). The scans were independently reviewed by two radiologists. The results were confirmed by surgery, percutaneous drainage, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and clinical follow-up. The level and severity of bile duct injury were rated according to the Bismuth classification. Results: in a total of 40 symptomatic patients, 10 (25%) had normal findings on MRCP; Postoperative complications were seen in 29 (72.5%) patients, seven of them with more than one finding. Pancreatic head neoplasia was diagnoses in one patient. The most frequent finding was sclerosing (41.4%) followed by biliary duct stenosis (34.5%), residual or recurrent biliary stones (31.0%) and fluid collections (17.2%). The images obtained by MRCP were considered of good quality. Conclusion: MRCP is an effective method for the evaluation of patients with suspected postcholecystectomy biliary tract complications. (author)

  4. Efficacy of perioperative parecoxib injection on postoperative pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A prospective,randomized study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Thawatchai Akaraviputh; Charay Leelouhapong; Varut Lohsiriwat; Somkiat Aroonpruksakul

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To determine the efficacy of perioperative parecoxib injection on postoperative pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.METHODS: A prospective, double-blind, randomized,placebo-controlled study was conducted on 70 patients who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia at Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok,from January 2006 to December 2007. Patients were randomized to receive either 20 mg parecoxib infusion 30 min before induction of anesthesia and at 12 h after the first dose (treatment group), or normal saline infusion, in the same schedule, as a placebo (control group). The degree of the postoperative pain was assessed every 3 h in the first 24 h after surgery, and then every 12 h the following day, using a visual analog scale. The consumption of analgesics was also recorded.RESULTS: There were 40 patients in the treatment group, and 30 patients in the control group. The pain scores at each time point, and analgesic consumption did not differ between the two groups. However,there were fewer patients in the treatment group than placebo group who required opioid infusion within the first 24 h (60% vs 37%, P = 0.053).

  5. Effects of thoracic paravertebral block with bupivacaine versus combined thoracic epidural block with bupivacaine and morphine on pain and pulmonary function after cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bigler, D; Dirkes, W; Hansen, R; Rosenberg, J; Kehlet, H

    1989-01-01

    Twenty patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy via a subcostal incision were randomized in a double-blind study to either thoracic paravertebral blockade with bupivacaine 0.5% (15 ml followed by 5 ml/h) or thoracic epidural blockade with bupivacaine 7 ml 0.5% + morphine 2 mg followed by 5 ml...

  6. Effect of various pneumoperitoneum pressures on femoral vein hemodynamics during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Ankush; Dahiya, Divya; Kaman, Lileswar; Saini, Vikas; Behera, Arunanshu

    2016-06-01

    High intra-abdominal pressure and reverse Trendelenburg position during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) are risk factors for venous stasis in lower extremity. Lower limb venous stasis is one of the major pathophysiological elements involved in the development of peri-operative deep vein thrombosis. Low pressure pneumoperitoneum (7-10 mmHg) has been recommended in patients with limited cardiac, pulmonary or renal reserve. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of various pneumoperitoneum pressures on femoral vein (FV) hemodynamics during LC. A total of 50 patients undergoing elective LC were enrolled and they were prospectively randomized into two groups containing 25 patients each. In group A high pressure pneumoperitoneum (14 mmHg) and in group B low pressure pneumoperitoneum (8 mmHg) was maintained. Comparison of pre-operative and post-operative coagulation profile was done. Preoperative and intraoperative change in femoral vein diameter (FVD) (AP and LAT), cross-sectional area (CSA) and peak systolic flow (PSF) during varying pneumoperitoneum pressure was recorded in FV by ultrasound Doppler. First measurement (pre-operative) was carried out just after the induction of anesthesia before creation of pneumoperitoneum and second measurement (intra-operative) was taken just before completion of surgery with pneumoperitoneum maintained. Changes in coagulation parameters were less significant at low pressure pneumoperitoneum. There was statistical significant difference in the pre-operative and intra-operative values of FVD, CSA and PSF in both groups when analyzed independently (P = 0.00). There was no significant difference in pre-operative values of FVD, CSA and PSF (P > 0.05) among two groups but when the comparison was made between the intra-operative values, there was significant increase in FVD (AP) (P = 0.016), CSA (P = 0.00) and decrease in PSF (P = 0.00) at high pressure pneumoperitoneum. This study provides evidence of using low

  7. Preoperative dexamethasone improves surgical outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Thue; Klarskov, Birthe; Kehlet, Henrik;

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of preoperative dexamethasone on surgical outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Pain and fatigue are dominating symptoms after LC and may prolong convalescence. METHODS: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 88 patients...... were randomized to intravenous dexamethasone (8 mg) or placebo 90 minutes before LC. Patients received a similar standardized anesthetic, surgical, and multimodal analgesic treatment. All patients were recommended 2 days postoperative duration of convalescence. The primary endpoints were fatigue and...... drug. Dexamethasone significantly reduced postoperative levels of CRP (P = 0.01), fatigue (P = 0.01), overall pain, and incisional pain during the first 24 postoperative hours (P < 0.05) and total requirements of opioids (P < 0.05). In addition, cumulated overall and visceral pain scores during the...

  8. Liberal versus restrictive fluid administration to improve recovery after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized, double-blind study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holte, Kathrine; Klarskov, Birthe; Christensen, Dorte Stig; Lund, Claus; Nielsen, Kristine Grubbe; Bie, Peter; Kehlet, Henrik

    2004-01-01

    knowledge of physiological and clinical effects of different fluid substitution regimens. METHODS: In a double-blind study, 48 ASA I-II patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized to 15 mL/kg (group 1) or 40 mL/kg (group 2) intraoperative administration of lactated Ringer's solution (LR......). All other aspects of perioperative management as well as preoperative fluid status were standardized. Primary outcome parameters were assessed repeatedly for the first 24 postoperative hours and included pulmonary function (spirometry), exercise capacity (submaximal treadmill test), cardiovascular...... hormonal responses, balance function, pain, nausea and vomiting, recovery, and hospital stay. RESULTS: Intraoperative administration of 40 mL/kg compared with 15 mL/kg LR led to significant improvements in postoperative pulmonary function and exercise capacity and a reduced stress response (aldosterone...

  9. The evaluation of efficacy and safety of paravertebral block for perioperative analgesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Agarwal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Paravertebral block is a popular regional anesthetic technique used for perioperative analgesia in multiple surgical procedures. There are very few randomized trials of its use in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in medical literature. This study was aimed at assessing its efficacy and opioid-sparing potential in this surgery. Methods: Fifty patients were included in this prospective randomized study and allocated to two groups: Group A (25 patients receiving general anesthesia alone and Group B (25 patients receiving nerve-stimulator-guided bilateral thoracic Paravertebral Block (PVB at T6 level with 0.3 ml/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine prior to induction of general anesthesia. Intraoperative analgesia was supplemented with fentanyl (0.5 μg/kg based on hemodynamic and clinical parameters. Postoperatively, patients in both the groups received Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA morphine for the first 24 hours. The efficacy of PVB was assessed by comparing intraoperative fentanyl requirements, postoperative VAS scores at rest, and on coughing and PCA morphine consumption between the two groups. Results: Intraoperative supplemental fentanyl was significantly less in Group B compared to Group A (17.6 μg and 38.6 μg, respectively, P =0.001. PCA morphine requirement was significantly low in the PVB group at 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively compared to that in Group A (4.4 mg vs 6.9 mg, 7.6 mg vs 14.2 mg, 11.6 mg vs 20.0 mg, 16.8 mg vs 27.2 mg, respectively; P <0.0001 at all intervals. Conclusion: Pre-induction PVB resulted in improved analgesia for 24 hours following laparoscopic cholecystectomy in this study, along with a significant reduction in perioperative opioid consumption and opioid-related side effects.

  10. Effects of lidocaine and esmolol infusions on hemodynamic changes, analgesic requirement, and recovery in laparoscopic cholecystectomy operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serpil Dagdelen Dogan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of lidocaine and esmolol infusions on intraoperative hemodynamic changes, intraoperative and postoperative analgesic requirements, and recovery in laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. METHODS: The first group (n = 30 received IV lidocaine infusions at a rate of 1.5 mg/kg/min and the second group (n = 30 received IV esmolol infusions at a rate of 1 mg/kg/min. Hemodynamic changes, intraoperative and postoperative analgesic requirements, and recovery characteristics were evaluated. RESULTS: In the lidocaine group, systolic arterial blood pressures values were lower after the induction of anesthesia and at 20 min following surgical incision (p < 0.05. Awakening time was shorter in the esmolol group (p < 0.001; Ramsay Sedation Scale scores at 10 min after extubation were lower in the esmolol group (p < 0.05. The modified Aldrete scores at all measurement time points during the recovery period were relatively lower in the lidocaine group (p < 0.05. The time to attain a modified Aldrete score of ≥9 points was prolonged in the lidocaine group (p < 0.01. Postoperative resting and dynamic VAS scores were higher in the lidocaine group at 10 and 20 min after extubation (p < 0.05, p < 0.01, respectively. Analgesic supplements were less frequently required in the lidocaine group (p < 0.01. CONCLUSION: In laparoscopic cholecystectomies, lidocaine infusion had superiorities over esmolol infusions regarding the suppression of responses to tracheal extubation and postoperative need for additional analgesic agents in the long run, while esmolol was more advantageous with respect to rapid recovery from anesthesia, attenuation of early postoperative pain, and modified Aldrete recovery (MAR scores and time to reach MAR score of 9 points.

  11. Is intra-operative cholangiography necessary during laparoscopic cholecystectomy? A multicentre rural experience from a developing world country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Iqbal Saleem Mir; Mir Mohsin; Omar Kirmani; Tafazul Majid; Khurshid Wani; Mehmood-ul Hassan; Javed Naqshbandi; Mohammed Maqbool

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in non-teaching ruralhospitals of a developing country without intra-operative cholangiography (IOC). To evaluate the possibility of reduction of costs and hospital stay for patients undergoing LC.METHODS: A prospective analysis of patients with symptomatic benign diseases of gall bladder undergoing LC in three non-teaching rural hospitals of Kashmir Valley from Jan 2001 to Jan 2007. The cohort represented a sample of patients requiring LC, aged 13 to 78 (mean 47.2) years. Main outcome parameters included mortality, complications, re-operation, conversion to open procedure without resorting to IOC, reduction in costs borne by the hospital, and the duration of hospital stay.RESULTS: Twelve hundred and sixty-seven patients (976 females/291 males) underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Twenty-three cases were converted to open procedures; 12 patients developed port site infection, nobody died because of the procedure. One patient had common bile duct (CBD) injury, 4 patients had biliary leak, and 4 patients had subcutaneous emphysema. One cholecystohepatic duct was detected and managed intraoperatively, 1 patient had retained CBD stones, while 1 patient had retained cystic duct stones. Incidental gallbladder malignancy was detected in 2 cases. No long-term complications were detected up to now.CONCLUSION: LC can be performed safely even in nonteaching rural hospitals of a developing country provided proper equipment is available and the surgeons and other team members are well trained in the procedure.It is stressed that IOC is not essential to prevent biliary tract injuries and missed CBD stones. The costs to the patient and the hospital can be minimized by using reusable instruments, intracorporeal sutures, and condoms instead of titanium clips and endobags.

  12. Comparative study between transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy%经脐单孔与传统腹腔镜胆囊切除术的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张正东; 国维克

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study feasibility, security of transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy by traditional instrument and to summarize the initial experience. Methods The data of 60 patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our department from May 2010 to August 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. 36 patients underwent TSPLC. 24 patients underwent LC. The diagnosis of chronic cholecystitis were made by ultrasound and CT. Surgical indications include: (1)Non-acute inflammation time cholecysti-tus or cholecystolithiasis. (2)Gallbladder polyp. (3)Non-acute inflammation time gallbladder benign disease. The BMI,associated disease, operating time, intraoperative blood loss, pain scores at 6h and 24h, shoulder and back pain rate, time taken for resumption of oral intake, postoperative hospital stay and wound complications were noted and retrospective analysis was conducted. Results All the operations were successfully completed. The mean operating time was longer in the TSPLC group than in the LC group( P 0. 05 ) . However patient satisfaction was higher in the TSPLC group than in the LC group ( P < 0. 05 ) . No setting at the abdominal cavity drainage tube, no surgical complications such as hemorrhage, cholerrhagia and Biliary duct damage. The average in hospital time is 3 days. Postoperatively from 1 to 3months following up adominal wall scar was not obvious in the TSPLC group. Conclusions Transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy by traditional instrument is technically safe and feasible. It appears to be cosmetically superior compared to standard LC. But it's more difficult to manipulate. Beginners need to go through a certain amount of practice can only master.%目的 探讨传统器械经脐入路单孔腹腔镜胆囊切除术(Transumbilical single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy,TSPLC)的可行性、安全性并总结初步经验.方法 回顾性分析我院2010年5月~2011年8月行腹腔镜胆囊切除术(laparoscopic cholecystectomy

  13. 62例急性胆囊炎的腹腔镜胆囊切除术%62 cases of clinical analysis of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜愚贱; 胡立光; 李俊国

    2012-01-01

      目的:总结急性胆囊炎的腹腔镜切除术临床治疗.方法:回顾性分析本院62例实施腹腔镜胆囊切除术的急性胆囊炎患者的临床资料.结果:62例患者均进行腹腔镜胆囊切除术,手术时间30min-1.5h,其中有10例中转开腹,无一例发生肝外胆管损失及肝漏等并发症,无死亡病例.结论:急性胆囊炎进行腹腔镜胆囊切除术针对性好、创伤小、伤口愈合快、不易出现并发症,广为外科医生及患者所接受.%  Objective To summarize the clinical treatment of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Methods Retrospective analysis of the implementation of 62 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in patients with clinical data. Results 62 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with, operation 30min-1.5h, of which 10 have been converted to open, without a case of extrahepatic bile duct loss and liver complications, such as leakage, no deaths. Conclusion Targeted well in laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis, small wounds, wound healing, and is less prone to complications, widely accepted by surgeons and patients.

  14. Effect of intraoperative esmolol infusion on anesthetic, analgesic requirements and postoperative nausea-vomitting in a group of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients

    OpenAIRE

    Necla Dereli; Zehra Baykal Tutal; Munire Babayigit; Aysun Kurtay; Mehmet Sahap; Eyup Horasanli

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: Postoperative pain and nausea/vomitting (PNV) are common in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. Sympatholytic agents might decrease requirements for intravenous or inhalation anesthetics and opioids. In this study we aimed to analyze effects of esmolol on intraoperative anesthetic-postoperative analgesic requirements, postoperative pain and PNV. METHODS: Sixty patients have been included. Propofol, remifentanil and vecuronium were used for induction. Study groups were as follows;...

  15. A comparison between volume-controlled ventilation and pressure-controlled ventilation in providing better oxygenation in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sampa Dutta Gupta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The maintenance of oxygenation is a commonly encountered problem in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is no specific guideline on the ventilation modes for this group of patients. Although several studies have been performed to determine the optimal ventilatory settings in these patients, the answer is yet to be found. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV in comparison with volume-controlled ventilation (VCV for maintaining oxygenation during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in obese patients. Methods: One hundred and two adult patients of ASA physical status I and II, Body Mass Index of 30-40 kg/m 2 , scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in this prospective randomized open-label parallel group study. To start with, all patients received VCV. Fifteen minutes after creation of pneumoperitoneum, they were randomized to receive either VCV (Group V or PCV (Group P. The ventilatory parameters were adjusted accordingly to maintain the end-tidal CO 2 between 35 and 40 mmHg. Respiratory rate, tidal volume, minute ventilation and peak airway pressure were noted. Arterial blood gas analyses were done 15 min after creation of pneumoperitoneum and at 20-min intervals thereafter till the end of the surgery. All data were analysed statistically. Results: Patients in Group P showed a statistically significant ( P < 0.05 higher level of PaO 2 and lower value of PAO 2 -PaO 2 than those in Group V. Conclusion: PCV is a more effective mode of ventilation in comparison with VCV regarding oxygenation in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  16. Treatment of bile ducts injury in cholecystectomy%胆囊切除致胆管损伤的诊治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何宗全; 叶显道

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the reasons and preventive measures and treatments of bile ducts injury in cholecystectomy. Methods Clinical data of 27 cases of bile ducts injury caused by cholecystectomy during 7 years were retrospectively analyzed. These 27 cases received a total of 34 sessions procedures, choledochojejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis in 19 sessions procedures, abdominal cavity drainage in 2 sessions procedures, bile duct neoplasty in 2 sessions procedures, end-to-end anastomosis of bile duct with T-tube pedestal drainage in 3 sessions procedures, bile duct neoplasty with T tube pedestal drainage in 3 sessions procedures, ENBD in 1 case, bile duct reconstruction with pedicled umbilical vain graft in 1 case. Results In short-term,20 cases( 74. 1% )achieved good effect,fair in 6 cases ( 22.2% ),died in 1 case( 3. 7% ). In 20 cases undergoing average 3-year follow-up, achieved good 15 cases( 75. 0% ),fair 4 cases (20.0% )and bad 1 case( 5.0% ). In non-death cases of illness, choledochojejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis 15 cases, good 11 cases ( 73. 3% ) ,fair 3 cases( 20. 0% ) ,bad 1 case( 6. 7% ). Conclusions Iatrogenic dile duct injury is prone to occur during cholecystectomy. The main reason of bile duct damage is unsuitable modus operandi for three basic factors including pathology, anatomy and human factor. Bile duct damages will obtain good treatment results, the key to is which prompt discovery and correct and timely treatment. Choledochojejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis technique is an effective method for most of the injury of bile duct and biliary stricture cases.%目的 探讨胆囊切除致胆管损伤的原因及防治措施.方法 回顾性分析近7年收治27例胆囊切除致胆管损伤的临床资料.27例胆囊切除致胆管损伤中,实施手术34例次.胆肠Roux-en-Y吻合术19例次,腹腔引流术2例次,胆管修补术2例次,胆管对端吻合、T管支撑引流术3例次,胆管修补、T管支撑引流术3例

  17. [Gasless laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Our experience with 130 cases compared with 450 cases treated with the CO2 technique].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossuto, E; Bonatti, L; Schieroni, R; Villata, E; Bacino, A; Galliano, R; Lorenzini, L; Borello, G; Butera, F; Massaioli, N

    2000-04-01

    Alongside the technique based on the creation of an abdominal cavity for surgery following the introduction of gas (usually CO2) into the peritoneal cavity, a new method has been developed. This involves the use of an atraumatic mechanical lifting device connected to the same abdominal wall (gasless laparoscopy). The authors report a technique that uses an inflatable cushion inserted into the abdomen through a periumbilical incision. The cushion is connected to an external motorized hydraulic jack fixed to the operating table, fitted with an electric motor and friction gear. Between May 1991 and June 1998, 580 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Since December 1995 a total of 130 patients have undergone surgery using gasless laparoscopy. Shoulder pain and pain in the upper abdominal quadrant were no longer reported; pain was present in 70% of the patients operated using the CO2 technique. There was also a marked reduction in the anesthesiological risks, above all in elderly patients with cardiopulmonary insufficiency. Surgical manoeuvres are made easier owing to the possibility of using traditional surgical instruments. Washing and continuous aspiration allow a good control of intraoperative hemostasis, and reduce the phenomenon of lens misting without the risk of losing pneumoperitoneum. Less visibility of the surgical field was reported, particularly in obese patients, above all because of the reduced diaphragmatic distension and the lack of displacement of the intestinal loops. In the authors' opinion the gasless technique is suitable above all in patients affected by cardiopulmonary disorders in whom hypercapnia might represent a significant operating risk. PMID:10859952

  18. Comparison of ramosetron and ondansetron for control of post-operative nausea and vomiting following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maulana M Ansari

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV is common. 5HT 3 receptor antagonists are commonly used drugs for its prevention. A study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of ramosetron and ondansetron in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (lap chole. Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized case controlled study was conducted at J. N. Medical College Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, in patients who underwent lap chole following intravenous administration of ondansetron (4mg or ramosetron (0.3mg at the end of surgery, and efficacy as well as side effects of ondansetron and ramosetron was documented and compared. Results: One hundred and thirty adult females undergoing lap chole were studied - 65 patients in each of the two groups. In first 24 h after surgery, complete response (No PONV was observed in 28 patients of the ondansetron group and in 32 patients of the ramosetron group (P>0.05. Complete response in the second 24 h after surgery was observed in 30 patients of the ondansetron group and in 45 patients of the ramosetron group (P0.05. Conclusion: Ramosetron was found safe and more effective antiemetic than ondansetron in patients undergoing lap chole.

  19. Enhanced muscle strength with carbohydrate supplement two hours before open cholecystectomy: a randomized, double-blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcella Giovana Gava

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to investigate the effects of preoperative fasting abbreviation with oral supplementation with carbohydrate in the evolution of grip strength in patients undergoing cholecystectomy by laparotomy. Methods : we conducted a clinical, randomizeddouble blind study with adult female patients, aged 18-60 years. Patients were divided into two groups: Control Group, with fasting prescription 6-8h until the time of operation; and Intervention Group, which received prescription of fasting for solids 6-8h before surgery, but ingested an oral supplement containing 12.5% carbohydrate, six (400ml and two (200ml hours before theprocedure. The handgrip strength was measured in both hands in both groups, at patient's admission (6h before surgery, the immediate pre-operative time (1h before surgery and 12-18h postoperatively. Results : we analyzed 27 patients, 14 in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. There was no mortality. The handgrip strength (mean [standard deviation] was significantly higher in the intervention group in the three periods studied, in at least one hand: preoperatively in the dominant hand (27.8 [2.6] vs 24.1 [3.7] kg; p=0.04, in the immediate preoperative in both hands, and postoperatively in the non-dominant hand (28.5 [3.0] vs 21.3 [5.9] kg; p=0.01. Conclusion : the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to two hours with drink containing carbohydrate improves muscle function in the perioperative period.

  20. Role of ERCP in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for the evaluation of choledocholithiasis in sickle cell anemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hussain Issa; Ahmed H Al-Salem

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for choledocholithiasis in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).METHODS: Two hundred and twenty four patients (144 male, 80 female; mean age, 22.4 years; range, 5-70 years) with SCA underwent ERCP as part of their evaluation for cholestatic jaundice (CJ).The indications for ERCP were: CJ only in 97, CJ and dilated bile ducts on ultrasound in 103, and CJ and common bile duct (CBD) stones on ultrasound in 42.RESULTS: In total, CBD stones were found in 88 (39.3%) patients and there was evidence of recent stone passage in 16.Fifteen were post-LC patients.These had endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction.The remaining 73 had endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction followed by LC without an intraoperative cholangiogram.CONCLUSION: In patients with SCA and cholelithiasis, ERCP is valuable whether preoperative or postoperative, and in none was there a need to perform intraoperative cholangiography.Sequential endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction followed by LC is beneficial in these patients.Endoscopic sphincterotomy may also prove to be useful in these patients as it may prevent the future development of biliary sludge and bile duct stones.

  1. Opioid-free total intravenous anesthesia with propofol, dexmedetomidine and lidocaine infusions for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective, randomized, double-blinded study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mefkur Bakan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intraoperative use of opioids may be associated with postoperative hyperalgesia and increased analgesic consumption. Side effects due to perioperative use of opioids, such as postoperative nausea and vomiting may delay discharge. We hypothesized that total intravenous anesthesia consisting of lidocaine and dexmedetomidine as an opioid substitute may be an alternative technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy and would be associated with lower fentanyl requirements in the postoperative period and less incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. METHODS: 80 Anesthesiologists I-II adults were scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups to have either opioid-free anesthesia with dexmedetomidine, lidocaine, and propofol infusions (Group DL or opioid-based anesthesia with remifentanil, and propofol infusions (Group RF. All patients received a standard multimodal analgesia regimen. A patient controlled analgesia device was set to deliver IV fentanyl for 6 h after surgery. The primary outcome variable was postoperative fentanyl consumption. RESULTS: Fentanyl consumption at postoperative 2nd hour was statistically significantly less in Group DL, compared with Group RF, which were 75 ± 59 µg and 120 ± 94 µg respectively, while it was comparable at postoperative 6th hour. During anesthesia, there were more hypotensive events in Group RF, while there were more hypertensive events in Group DL, which were both statistically significant. Despite higher recovery times, Group DL had significantly lower pain scores, rescue analgesic and ondansetron need. CONCLUSION: Opioid-free anesthesia with dexmedetomidine, lidocaine and propofol infusions may be an alternative technique for laparoscopic cholecystectomy especially in patients with high risk for postoperative nausea and vomiting.

  2. Injection dexamethasone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting: a comparison with placebo in the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the efficacy of intravenous dexamethasone for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (lap-chole) and comparing it with normal saline (placebo). After the approval of the hospital's ethical committee, the study was conducted on 60 patients who were randomly divided into two groups, each group containing 30 patients. All belonged to A.S.A-I and A.S.A-II. Randomization was done by envelope draw method. Injections dexamethasone (8 mg in 2mls) and normal saline ( 2 mls ) were given intravenously to respective groups just before induction of anesthesia. Fisher's exact test was applied to compare proportion of PONV between two groups for the recovery room data, while Chi-square test was applied to compare the proportion of PONV between two groups during first 12 hours and second 12 hours. The p-value was calculated at the level of significance chosen as 0.05. In the recovery room where the patient stayed for one hour 10% of patients in the dexamethasone group in comparison with 33% of the patients in the placebo group experienced PONV (p=0.028). In the ward, during first 12 hours observation period, 27% of the patients in the dexamethasone group in comparison with 43% of the patients in the placebo group experienced PONV (p=0.176). During the second 12 hours observation period, 30% of the patients in the dexamethasone in comparison with 80% of the patients in the placebo group experienced PONV (p<0.001). (author)

  3. Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction and the Formation of Adult Choledochal Cyst Following Cholecystectomy: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Hong-Tian; Wang, Jing; Yang, Tao; Liang, Bin; Zeng, Jian-Ping; Dong, Jia-Hong

    2015-11-01

    To determine the causes underlying the formation of adult choledochal cyst.Anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction is the most widely accepted theory regarding the etiology of choledochal cyst. However, choledochal cysts have been found in patients in the absence of this anomaly. Because the number of adult patients with choledochal cyst is increasing, it is important to address this controversy.Bile amylase levels in the cysts of 27 patients (8 males and 19 females) who had undergone cholecystectomy were retrospectively evaluated.The average age of the 27 patients was 45.8 ± 10.1 years and the majority (85.2%) were diagnosed with Todani type I cysts. None of the patients had dilatation of the common bile duct prior to surgery. There were 6 (22.2%) patients with anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction. However, amylase levels did not significantly differ between patients with and without this anomaly (P = 0.251). According to bile amylase levels, pancreatobiliary reflux was present in 21 (77.8%) patients. The mean amylase level significantly differed in patients with pancreatobiliary reflux (23,462 ± 11,510 IU/L) and those without (235 ± 103 IU/L) (P < 0.001). In patients with pancreatobiliary reflux, only 4 patients had anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction. That is, the majority of patients (17/21, 81%) having pancreatobiliary reflux did not have an anomalous junction of the pancreatic and biliary ducts.Since the only explanation for pancreatobiliary reflux in patients with a normal pancreaticobiliary junction is sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, we proposed that the formation of adult choledochal cyst is mainly due to sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. PMID:26632721

  4. A comparison of the effects of droperidol and the combination of droperidol and ondansetron on postoperative nausea and vomiting for patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Awad, Imad T

    2012-02-03

    STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the prophylactic antiemetic efficacy of the combination of ondansetron and droperidol with that of droperidol alone in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind controlled trial. University affiliated teaching hospital after induction of standardized general anesthesia. PATIENTS: 64 ASA physical status I or II patients aged 18 to 80 years, undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. INTERVENTION: Following induction of general anesthesia, patients received either droperidol 1.25 mg intravenously (IV; n = 30; Group D) or the combination of droperidol 1.25 mg IV and ondansetron 4 mg IV (n = 34; Group D+O). MEASUREMENTS: Number and severity of nausea episodes, number of emetic episodes, total analgesic consumption, and rescue antiemetic administration were assessed at 1, 3, and 24 hours after admission to the recovery room. Data were analyzed using Fisher\\'s Exact test and unpaired Student\\'s t-test; a p-value <0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The proportions of patients who experienced nausea (70% and 53% for D and D+O groups, respectively) and vomiting (30% and 19% for D and D+O groups, respectively) were similar in the two groups. The frequency of moderate and severe nausea (requiring administration of antiemetic) was less in group D + O (7%) compared with group D (19%; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients who received the combination of droperidol and ondansetron experienced less severe nausea compared with patients who received droperidol alone.

  5. A Prospective Blinded Study Evaluating the Role of Endoscopic Ultrasound before Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in the Setting of "Positive" Intraoperative Cholangiogram during Cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luthra, Anjuli K; Aggarwal, Vipul; Mishra, Girish; Conway, Jason; Evans, John A

    2016-04-01

    During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) is used to identify common bile duct (CBD) stones. In patients whose IOC is suspicious for stones, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the modality of choice for stone removal. However, IOC has a false positive rate of 30 to 60 per cent, and ERCP adverse events may occur in 11 per cent of patients. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) may serve as a noninvasive means of diagnosing suspected CBD stones. This study sought to assess the role of EUS in predicting the likelihood of choledocholithiasis at ERCP in patients found to have a positive IOC. This was a prospective blinded study of EUS before ERCP in patients with a positive IOC. Recruited subjects who underwent cholecystectomy and had an IOC with suspicion for obstruction were referred for ERCP within one month of their procedure. In patients with a positive IOC, EUS had a positive predictive value of 95 per cent in detecting choledocholithiasis. IOC with single or multiple filling defects more often correlated to the presence of CBD stones. At ERCP, choledocholithiasis was present in 65 per cent of patients who had an IOC suspicious for CBD stones. EUS should be used as a noninvasive method to correctly identify retained CBD stones in low-to-moderate risk patients with a positive IOC. PMID:27097628

  6. Comparison of Postoperative Events between Spinal Anesthesia and General Anesthesia in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xian-Xue; Zhou, Quan; Deng, Hui-Wei; Zhou, Ai-Guo; Guo, Hua-Jing; Huang, Fu-Rong

    2016-01-01

    Background. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually carried out under general anesthesia. There were a few studies which have found spinal anesthesia as a safe alternative. We aimed to evaluate the postoperative events between spinal anesthesia and general anesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library (from inception to January 2016) for eligible studies. The primary outcome was the visual analogue scale score. Secondary outcomes included postoperative nausea and vomiting and urine retention 24 hours postoperatively. We calculated pooled risk ratios and 95% confidence interval using random- or fixed-effects models. Results. Eight trials involving 723 patients were listed. Meta-analysis showed that patients in spinal anesthesia groups have lower visual analogue scale score 24 hours postoperatively. There were significant decreases in the occurrence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in spinal anesthesia group when compared with general anesthesia group (odds ratios: 0.38, 95% confidence interval: 0.19–0.76; P = 0.006) with heterogeneity accepted (I2 = 13%; P = 0.33), while urine retention rate was increased in patients with spinal anesthesia (odds ratios: 4.95, 95% confidence interval: 1.24–19.71; P = 0.02) without any heterogeneity (I2 = 0%; P = 0.98). Conclusions. Spinal anesthesia may be associated with less postoperative pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting compared with general anesthesia. PMID:27525282

  7. Comparative evaluation of the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on cognitive function and memory in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A randomised prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Upasana Goswami

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: General anaesthesia (GA may cause post-operative impairment of cognition and memory. This is of importance where time to discharge after anaesthesia is short as after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This study was conducted to compare the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on cognitive function in the post-operative period. Methods: After approval of the Ethical Committee, 80 female patients posted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy to be performed under GA were randomly divided into two groups. Propofol was used in Group P and sevoflurane in Group S. Data analysis was done with California verbal learning test (CVLT, digit span test (DST, Rivermead behavioural memory test (RBMT, mini mental state examination (MMSE score, and semantic memory tests. Aldrete recovery scoring system and visual analogue scale for pain were assessed post-operatively. The level of statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference in demographic and haemodynamic data. Cognition and explicit memory were affected more in the propofol group in the immediate post-operative period. With majority of tests, such as semantic memory test, MMSE score, DST and RBMT, the difference was insignificant at 2 and 4 h post-operatively. But CVLT values were found to be statistically significant between groups even at 4 h. Conclusion: Propofol was associated with significant impact on cognitive functions in comparison to sevoflurane in the immediate post-operative period. Sevoflurane anaesthesia might be a better option in day care surgeries.

  8. Effects of pressure-controlled and volume-controlled ventilation on respiratory mechanics and systemic stress response during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Oznur; Umutoglu, Tarik; Aydın, Nurdan; Toptas, Mehmet; Tutuncu, Ayse Cigdem; Bakan, Mefkur

    2016-01-01

    Pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) is less frequently employed in general anesthesia. With its high and decelerating inspiratory flow, PCV has faster tidal volume delivery and different gas distribution. The same tidal volume setting, delivered by PCV versus volume-controlled ventilation (VCV), will result in a lower peak airway pressure and reduced risk of barotrauma. We hypothesized that PCV instead of VCV during laparoscopic surgery could achieve lower airway pressures and reduce the systemic stress response. Forty ASA I-II patients were randomly selected to receive either the PCV (Group PC, n = 20) or VCV (Group VC, n = 20) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Blood sampling was made for baseline arterial blood gases (ABG), cortisol, insulin, and glucose levels. General anesthesia with sevoflurane and fentanyl was employed to all patients. After anesthesia induction and endotracheal intubation, patients in Group PC were given pressure support to form 8 mL/kg tidal volume and patients in Group VC was maintained at 8 mL/kg tidal volume calculated using predicted body weight. All patients were maintained with 5 cmH2O positive-end expiratory pressure (PEEP). Respiratory parameters were recorded before and 30 min after pneumoperitonium. Assessment of ABG and sampling for cortisol, insulin and glucose levels were repeated 30 min after pneumoperitonium and 60 min after extubation. The P-peak levels observed before (18.9 ± 3.8 versus 15 ± 2.2 cmH2O) and during (23.3 ± 3.8 versus 20.1 ± 2.9 cmH2O) pneumoperitoneum in Group VC were significantly higher. Postoperative partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) values are higher (98 ± 12 versus 86 ± 11 mmHg) in Group PC. Arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) values (41.8 ± 5.4 versus 36.7 ± 3.5 mmHg) during pneumoperitonium and post-operative mean cortisol and insulin levels were higher in Group VC. When compared to VCV mode, PCV mode may improve compliance during pneumoperitoneum

  9. Comparison between general anesthesia and spinal anesthesia in attenuation of stress response in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A randomized prospective trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Writuparna Das

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Laparoscopy though minimally invasive produces significant hemodynamic surge and neuroendocrine stress response. Though general anesthesia (GA is the conventional technique, now-a-days, regional anesthesia has been accepted for laparoscopic diagnostic procedures, and its use is also being extended to laparoscopic surgeries. Objective: The aim was to compare the hemodynamic surge and neuroendocrine stress response during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC under GA and spinal anesthesia (SA in American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA PS 1 patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty ASA physical status I patients, aged 18-65 years were randomly allocated into two equal groups of 15 each. Group A received GA with controlled ventilation. Patients were preoxygenated for 5 min with 100/5 oxygen, premedicated with midazolam 0.03 mg/kg intravenous (i.v, fentanyl 2 mcg/kg i.v; induction was done with thiopentone 3-5 mg/kg i.v; intubation was achieved after muscle relaxation with 0.5 mg/kg atracurium besylate i.v. Anesthesia was maintained with 1-2% sevoflurane and N2O:O2 (60:40 and intermittent i.v injection of atracurium besylate. Group B SA with 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine and 25 μg fentanyl along with local anesthetic instillation in the subdiaphragmatic space. Mean arterial pressure, heart rate (HR, oxygen saturation, end tidal carbon-dioxide were recorded. Venous blood was collected for cortisol assay before induction and 30 min after pneumoperitoneum. All data were collected in Microsoft excel sheet and statistically analyzed using SPSS software version 16 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA. All numerical data were analyzed using Student′s t-test and paired t-test. Any value <0.05 was taken as significant. Results: Mean arterial pressure and mean HR and postpneumoperitoneum cortisol level were lower in group B than group A though the difference was not statistically significant in hemodynamic parameters but significant in case of cortisol

  10. The effect of dexketoprofen pre-emptively administered on the consumption of tramadol and the incidence of nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costea D.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our study has been to assess the comparative use of the two NSAIDs, dexketoprofen and ketoprofen, for postoperative analgesia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy mainly following: the quality of the analgesia, the incidence of potential adverse effects (for example, postoperative nausea and vomiting and the rescue analgesics consumption (tramadol. This prospective, randomized, double-blind study included 90 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia. Patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups: group D (n = 45 - patients that have received dexketoprofen 50 mg in dilution with10 ml saline solution iv., 30 minutes before the induction and group K (n = 45 - patients that have received ketoprofen 100 mg in dilution with 10 ml saline solution iv., 30 minutes before the induction (preemptive analgesia. Surgical interventions were conducted under general anaesthesia, with identical protocol for the two groups of study. Post-surgery analgesic regime consisting in 4 g of paracetamol administered for example in the first 24 hours, was started immediately after surgery. Boluses of tramadol of 100 mg (until 400 mg /daily have been used as rescue analgesia. The main objectives of our study have been: post-surgery analgesia (VAS at mobilization, 0-100 mm at 0, 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours after the surgery,the consumption of tramadol, incidence of PONV and the length of hospitalization period (LOS. Secondary objectives of the study have been: the incidence of gastrointestinal symptoms and the incidence of postsurgery blood losses. In the two study groups there have not been any differences concerning demographic data, post-surgery gastro-intestinal symptoms, postsurgery loss of blood and the hospitalization period. VAS was significantly lower in group D vs. K, at 0 and 6 hours after the surgery (p <0,05. The incidence of PONV was lower in the group of patients who received preemptive analgesia with dexketoprofen (p <0

  11. Antibioticoprofilaxia na colecistectomia videolaparoscópica eletiva: estudo prospectivo randomizado e duplo cego Antibiotic prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective, randomized and double blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamilton Petry de Souza

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar a necessidade de profilaxia antibiótica em colecistectomias videolaparoscópicas eletivas. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo, randomizado e duplo-cego, em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica eletiva, durante o período de Junho de 2003 a Julho de 2007, com alocação de 163 pacientes em dois grupos: A (n=82, recebeu profilaxia com cefoxitina 2g intravenoso na indução anestésica; B (n=81, recebeu solução salina 2 mililitros intravenoso. A equipe e a técnica cirúrgica utilizadas foram as mesmas. O desfecho avaliado foram complicações infecciosas de sítio cirúrgico, isto é, infecção de ferida operatória e abscessos superficiais e/ou profundos. Os pacientes foram revisados em sete e 28 dias pós-operatório. Os dados foram analisados pelo Teste exato de Fisher (pBACKGROUND: To identify the need for antibiotic prophylaxis usage in routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A prospective, randomized double-blind study was done in patients submitted to routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy from June 2003 to July 2007, with 163 patients divided in two groups: Group A (n=82 received antibiotic prophylaxis with Cefoxitin 2g IV at anesthesia induction; Group B (n=81 received 2 mL of isotonic sodium chloride solution at same time. Surgical technique and team were the same. The purpose of this study was to search the outcome for surgical site infections and superficial or deep abscesses. The patients were examined at 7 and 28 days after surgery. Data were analyzed by Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: This study showed infection complication rates of 4.76% in group A and 6.17% in group B. There were no statistical significant differences (p = 0.746 for infection complication rates in both groups. The groups were homogeneous and comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Patients submitted to routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy with low surgical risk do not need antibiotic prophylaxis, because it will not result in lower

  12. Evaluation of the response of cortisol, corticotropin and blood platelets kinetics after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy Avaliação da resposta do cortisol, da corticotropina e da cinética das plaquetas após colecistectomias laparoscópica e aberta

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Crema; Elisangela Neto Ribeiro; Ana Marcela Hial; Juverson Terra Alves Júnior; Ricardo Pastore; Alex Augusto Silva

    2005-01-01

    PURPOSE: To compare the behavior of serum cortisol and ACTH levels and platelet kinetics after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy. METHODS: In this prospective study, 31 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis submitted to elective cholecystectomy, 17 by the laparoscopic route and 14 by the open route, were compared. Peripheral blood samples were collected on admission of the patient, during anesthetic induction, and 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after the surgical incision. Platelets were co...

  13. Colecistectomía videolaparóscopica: cirugía de invasión mínima Videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy: minimal invasion surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Ramírez B.

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo de la colecistectomía videolaparoscópica constituye uno de los avances quirúrgicos más importantes de los últimos tiempos y abre nuevos horizontes en el tratamiento de las enfermedades torácicas y abdominales. Se presenta un breve recuento histórico del desarrollo de esta técnica, la forma de practicarla, sus indicaciones, complicaciones y beneficios.

     

    The development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most important surgical advances of recent years; it opens new horizons for the treatment of thoracic and abdominal diseases. The technique and a historical account of its development are briefly described; its indications, complications and benefits are summarized.

     

  14. Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni hernia and cholecystectomy in a 40-year-old male with Down's sindrome. Report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Paolis, P; Mazza, L; Maglione, V; Fronda, G R

    2007-06-01

    Morgagni-Larrey hernia (MH) is an unusual diaphragmatic hernia of the retrosternal region. Few cases of MH, treated laparoscopically, associated with Down's syndrome (DS) have been reported in literature. On October 2004, a DS 40-year-old male was admitted to our Department with mild abdominal pain and nausea. Hematochemical tests were within the normal range. Ultrasonography showed biliary sludge and multiple gallstones. Chest X-ray revealed a right-sided paracardiac mass that appeared as MH after a thoraco-abdominal computed tomography (CT). Four trocars were placed as a routinary cholecystectomy. Abdominal exploration confirmed the presence of a voluminous hernia through a wide diaphragmatic defect (12 cm) on the left side of the falciform ligament, containing the last 20 cm ileal loops and right colon with the third lateral of transverse. After retrograde cholecystectomy and reduction of the herniated ileo-colonic tract from multiple adherences, the defect was repaired with an interrupted 2/0 silk suture and then a running 2/0 polypropylene suture. Postoperative course was complicated by pulmonary edema but subsequently the patient was discharged without further complications and has no recurrence after 2 years. In conclusion, surgery is necessary for symptomatic MH and to prevent possible severe complications. We preferred laparoscopy for the reduced morbidity compared to laparotomy, even if in our case the postoperative course was not uneventful. There are still few comparative data about the modality of closure of the defect between primary repair with nonabsorbable suture material, in case of small defects, or continuous monofilament suture or prosthesis in case of large defects. PMID:17519846

  15. Pain related to robotic cholecystectomy with lower abdominal ports: effect of the bilateral ultrasound-guided split injection technique of rectus sheath block in female patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jin Soo; Choi, Jong Bum; Lee, Sook Young; Kim, Wook Hwan; Baek, Nam Hyun; Kim, Jayoun; Park, Chu Kyung; Lee, Yeon Ju; Park, Sung Yong

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Robotic cholecystectomy (RC) using port sites in the lower abdominal area (T12-L1) rather than the upper abdomen has recently been introduced as an alternative procedure for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Therefore, we investigated the time course of different components of pain and the analgesic effect of the bilateral ultrasound-guided split injection technique for rectus sheath block (sRSB) after RC in female patients. Methods: We randomly assigned 40 patients to undergo ultrasound-guided sRSB (RSB group, n = 20) or to not undergo any block (control group, n = 20). Pain was subdivided into 3 components: superficial wound pain, deep abdominal pain, and referred shoulder pain, which were evaluated with a numeric rating scale (from 0 to 10) at baseline (time of awakening) and at 1, 6, 9, and 24 hours postoperatively. Consumption of fentanyl and general satisfaction were also evaluated 1 hour (before discharge from the postanesthesia care unit) and 24 hours postoperatively (end of study). Results: Superficial wound pain was predominant only at awakening, and after postoperative 1 hour in the control group. Bilateral ultrasound-guided sRSB significantly decreased superficial pain after RC (P < 0.01) and resulted in a better satisfaction score (P < 0.05) 1 hour after RC in the RSB group compared with the control group. The cumulative postoperative consumption of fentanyl at 6, 9, and 24 hours was not significantly different between groups. Conclusions: After RC with lower abdominal ports, superficial wound pain predominates over deep intra-abdominal pain and shoulder pain only at the time of awakening. Afterwards, superficial and deep pain decreased to insignificant levels in 6 hours. Bilateral ultrasound-guided sRSB was effective only during the first hour. This limited benefit should be balanced against the time and risks entailed in performing RSB. PMID:27495072

  16. Comparison of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block with bupivacaine and ropivacaine as adjuncts for postoperative analgesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Shradha; Palta, Sanjeev; Saroa, Richa; Prasad, Abhishek

    2016-01-01

    Background and Aims: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a popular technique for post-operative analgesia in abdominal surgeries. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relative efficacy of bupivacaine versus ropivacaine for post-operative analgesia using ultrasound-guided TAP block in laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Sixty adults undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomised to receive ultrasound-guided TAP block at the end of the surgical procedure with either 0.25% bupivacaine (Group I, n = 30) or 0.375% ropivacaine (Group II, n = 30). All patients were assessed for post-operative pain and rescue analgesic consumption at 10 min, 30 min, 1 h, 4 h, 8 h, 12 h and 24 h time points. Means for normally distributed data were compared using Student's t-test, and proportions were compared using Chi-square or Fisher's exact test whichever was applicable. Results: Patients receiving ultrasound-guided TAP block with ropivacaine (Group II) had significantly lower pain scores when compared to patients who received the block with bupivacaine (Group I) at 10 min, 30 min and 1 h. However, both the drugs were equivalent for post-operative analgesia and 24 h cumulative rescue analgesic requirement (median [interquartile range]) (75.00 [75.00–75.00] in Group I vs. 75.00 [75.00–93.75] in Group II, P = 0.366). Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided TAP block with ropivacaine provides effective analgesia in the immediate post-operative period up to 1 h as compared to bupivacaine. However, both the drugs are similar in terms of 24 h cumulative rescue analgesic requirement.

  17. Management of gallbladder dyskinesia: patient outcomes following positive 99mtechnetium (Tc)-labelled hepatic iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scintigraphy with cholecystokinin (CCK) provocation and laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aims: To evaluate clinical outcomes in patients with typical biliary pain, normal ultrasonic findings, and a positive 99mtechnetium (Tc)-labelled hepatic iminodiacetic acid analogue (HIDA) scintigraphy with cholecystokinin (CCK) provocation indicating gallbladder dyskinesia, as per Rome III criteria, undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods and materials: Consecutive patients undergoing LC for gallbladder dyskinesia were identified retrospectively. They were followed up by telephone interview and review of the electronic case records to assess symptom resolution. Results: One hundred consecutive patients (median age 44; 80% female) with abnormal gallbladder ejection fraction (GB-EF <35%) were followed up for a median of 12 months (range 2–80 months). Following LC, 84% reported symptomatic improvement and 52% had no residual pain. Twelve percent had persisting preoperative-type pain of either unchanged or worsening severity. Neither pathological features of chronic cholecystitis (87% of 92 incidences when histology available) nor reproduction of pain on CCK injection were significantly predictive of symptom outcome or pain relief post-LC. Conclusion: In one of the largest outcome series of gallbladder dyskinesia patients in the UK with a positive provocation HIDA scintigraphy examination and LC, the present study shows that the test is a useful functional diagnostic tool in the management of patients with typical biliary pain and normal ultrasound, with favourable outcomes following surgery. - Highlights: • Gallbladder dyskinesia (GD) is a challenging condition to diagnose and treat. • This study evaluated clinical outcomes following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). • There was sustained symptomatic benefit in >80% following surgery. • Pre-operative counselling before LC is important

  18. 单孔腹腔镜与非单孔腹腔镜胆囊切除术安全性及有效性的荟萃分析%Meta-analysis of the Transumbilical Single-incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and the Conventional Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Efficacy and Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾钧; 刘颖斌; 穆嘉盛; 毕建威; 李茂岚; 吴文广; 董平; 陆建华; 丁琦晨; 张林; 杨佳华; 吴向嵩

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety,feasibility and advantages of transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods PubMed and Wanfang database were reviewed using meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) describing the length of operation time,pain levels, postoperative complications and postoperative beauty score between the transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy were collected. Cochrane review methodology was used for assessing the trial quality and efficacy. Results Only 4 clinical studies were selected and 236 eligible patients were included in the systematic review. Meta-analysis showed that there were no differences between two groups in the risk of postoperative complications (OR 1.47; 95% CI 0.73 ~ 2.97; P = 0.28). But it showed significant difference in postoperative beauty score( SMD 0.70; 95% CI 0.40 ~ 0.99; P <0.00001). Conclusions Transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe with better cosmetic effect comparing to the conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, it still need a large number of randomized and controlled study for e-valuation of the other advantages and disadvantages of these two operation methods.%目的 系统评价单孔腹腔镜与非单孔腹腔镜胆囊切除术安全性及有效性. 方法 计算机检索Pubmed和万方数据库中有关单孔腹腔镜与非单孔腹腔镜胆囊切除术的随机对照实验(RCT)文献,依据Cochrane评价手册评价偏倚风险,并提交手术时间、术后疼痛评分、术后并发症发生率及术后美容评分等的相关数据进行荟萃分析. 结果 纳入4篇RCT文献,共236例患者.荟萃分析结果显示相比非单孔腹腔镜胆囊切除术,单孔腹腔镜技术不会显著性影响手术并发症的发生(OR 1.47; 95%CI 0.73~2.97;P=0.28),且具有更高的术后美容评分(SMD 0.70; 95% CI 0.40 ~0.99;P<0.00 001).结论 单孔腹腔镜

  19. Preoperative evaluation of the cystic duct for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: comparison of navigator-gated prospective acquisition correction- and conventional respiratory-triggered techniques at free-breathing 3D MR cholangiopancreatography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the quality of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) images obtained with a three-dimensional navigator-gated (NG) technique and compare findings with conventional respiratory-triggered (RT) images in pre-laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. Turbo-spin-echo (TSE) RT-MRCP (average 242 s) and balanced turbo-field-echo (bTFE) NG-MRCP (average 263 s) were acquired at 1.5-T MRI for 49 pre-laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. Two radiologists independently assessed image quality, visibility of anatomical structures, common bile duct (CBD) stones, and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Interobserver agreement was also evaluated. The anatomical details of the cystic duct were clearly demonstrated in 33 (67.3 %, reader A) and 35 (71.4 %, reader B) patients on RT-MRCP, and in 45 (91.8 %) and 44 (89.7 %) patients on NG-MRCP. On NG-MRCP, visualisation of the cystic duct (3.22/3.12), its origin (3.57/3.55), and the gallbladder(3.61/3.59) was statistically better than on RT-MRCP (2.90/2.78, 3.29/3.12, 2.98/2.88, respectively). The overall image quality was statistically better on NG-MRCP than RT-MRCP. Each technique identified the presence of CBD stones in all affected patients. The SNR was significantly higher on NG-MRCP (CHD 22.40, gallbladder 17.13) than RT-MRCP (CHD 17.05, gallbladder 9.30). Interobserver agreement was fair to perfect. Navigator-gated MRCP is more useful than respiratory-triggered MRCP for evaluating the gallbladder and cystic duct in patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. circle Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) provides important cystic duct information before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. (orig.)

  20. Needlescopic versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective study of 60 patients Colecistectomia agulhascópica versus colecistectomia laparoscópica: um estudo prospectivo de 60 pacientes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Henrique Oliveira Cabral

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that needlescopic cholecystectomies (NC offer superior outcomes in comparison to common laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients with gallbladder disease undergoing either LC or NC were evaluated with respect to differences in operative time, frequency of per-operative incidents, post-operative pain, late postoperative symptoms, length of scars and level of postoperative satisfaction. RESULTS: Mean operative time was similar in both groups. Most of the patients, irrespective of the technique, informed mild postoperative pain. NC patients had lower levels of pain on the 7th postoperative day (PO7 (pOBJETIVO: Testar a hipótese de que colecistectomias agulhascópicas oferecem resultados superiores aos da colecistectomia laparoscópica usual (CL. MÉTODOS: Sessenta pacientes consecutivos com colecistopatia submetidos à CA ou CV foram avaliados quanto ao tempo operatório, freqüência de acidentes peroperatórios, dor pós-operatória, sintomas pós-operatórios tardios, comprimento das cicatrizes e grau de satisfação. RESULTADOS: O tempo operatório médio foi semelhante em ambos os grupos. A maioria dos pacientes, independentemente da técnica, relataram dor pós-operatória leve. Aqueles operados por CA tiveram menores níveis de dor no 7º dia de pós-operatório (PO7 (p<0.01 e menor necessidade de analgesia adicional. Menor freqüência de dor epigástrica foi observada no grupo CA até o PO4 (p<0.01. O resultado estético foi amplamente superior após CA (comprimento total das cicatrizes menor que a metade após CL. Não houve diferença quanto ao grau de satisfação entre os grupos. CONCLUSÕES: As duas técnicas foram seguras e eficazes, apresentando tempos operatórios semelhantes e baixos níveis de dor pós-operatória. A redução dos portais para 2-3 mm associou-se a menor freqüência de dor pós-operatória apenas na incisão epigástrica até o PO4. O resultado est

  1. Quality of life (GIQLI) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy usefulness in patients with gallbladder dysfunction or chronic non-lithiasic biliary pain (chronic acalculous cholecystitis) Calidad de vida (GIQLI) y utilidad de la colecistectomía laparoscópica en pacientes con disfunción vesicular o dolor crónico biliar alitiásico (colecistitis crónica alitiásica)

    OpenAIRE

    M. Planells Roig; J. Bueno Lledó; A. Sanahuja Santafé; R. García Espinosa

    2004-01-01

    Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features and role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC) in comparison with a control group of patients who underwent cholecystectomy for chronic calculous cholecystitis (CCC). Material and methods: prospective evaluation of 34 patients with CAC in contrast with 297 patients with CCC. Outcome measures: clinical presentation, quality of life using the Gastrointestinal ...

  2. The HAC Trial (Harmonic for Acute Cholecystitis Study. Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of Harmonic(H versus Monopolar Diathermy (M for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC for acute cholecystitis (AC in adults

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    Coccolini Federico

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the developmental stage of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC it was considered 'unsafe' or 'technically difficult' to perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis (AC. With increasing experience in laparoscopic surgery, a number of centers have reported on the use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis, suggesting that it is technically feasible but at the expense of a high conversion rate, which can be up to 35 per cent and common bile duct lesions. The HARMONIC SCALPEL(R (H is the leading ultrasonic cutting and coagulating surgical device, offering surgeons important benefits including: minimal lateral thermal tissue damage, minimal charring and desiccation. Harmonic Scalpel technology reduces the need for ligatures with simultaneous cutting and coagulation: moreover there is not electricity to or through the patient Harmonic Scalpel has a greater precision near vital structures and it produces minimal smoke with improved visibility in the surgical field. In retrospective series LC performed with H was demonstrated feasible and effective with minimal operating time and blood loss: it was reported also a low conversion rate (3.9%. However there are not prospective randomized controlled trials showing the advantages of H compared to MD (the commonly used electrical scalpel in LC. Methods/Design Aim of this RCT is to demonstrate that H can decrease the conversion rate compared to MD in LC for AC, without a significant increase of morbidity. The patients will be allocated in two groups: in the first group the patient will be submitted to early LC within 72 hours after the diagnosis with H while in the second group will be submitted to early LC within 72 hours with MD. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00746850

  3. Descoberta simultânea de carcinomatose disseminada e carcinoma de cólon, após colecistectomia laparoscópica Unsuspected colon adenocarcinoma revealed after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    João Luiz M. C. Azevedo

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available A particularly rapid and fatal outcome has been noted in cases of malignant soft-tissue metastases occurring after cancer surgery. Abdominal wall metastases occurring in scars after laparotomy for cancer resection show a similar poor outcome. On the other hand, neoplasm seeding at trocar sites after laparoscopy has been reported with an increasing frequency. A case is presented of a 68-years-old woman with metastatic seeding of non-diagnosed colon cancer at the umbilical trocar site used for a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The gallbladder was extracted through the umbilical incision. Pathological examination confirmed chronic cholecystitis. Eight months latter, the patient was seen with a tender umbilical mass protruded through a 4,5 cm the umbilical incision site. Biopsies of this tissue were taken and histopathological examination showed metastatic adenocarcinoma, probably of a gastrointestinal origin. A colonoscopy performed at the same time revealed a 2-cm lesion at the hepatic flexur which was shown to be a differentiated adenocarcinoma. An 8.0 x 6.0 x 6.0-cm pelvic mass without signs of liver metastases was identified by computerised tomography. Diagnostic laparoscopy showed a diffuse peritoneal carcinomatosis. The pelvis could not be approached, except for simple biopsy, and no surgical procedure was performed. It is presumed that the primary colon cancer existed prior to cholecystectomy. Laparoscopy is the procedure of choice to perform cholecystectomy and fundoplication. It has also been increasingly used to diagnose, resect and perform the staging of malignant tumours. As in any relatively new technique, questions arising about its safety and risk of complications must be extensively studied. Many questions about the specific features of laparoscopy promoting cancer growth remain unanswered.

  4. Results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a third-level university hospital after 17 years of experience Resultados de la colecistectomía laparoscópica en un hospital universitario de tercer nivel tras 17 años de experiencia

    OpenAIRE

    P. Priego; C. Ramiro; Molina, J. M.; G. Rodríguez Velasco; Lobo, E; Galindo, J.; V. Fresneda

    2009-01-01

    Objective: the aim of the study is to determine the results obtained with laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Ramón y Cajal Hospital after 17 years of experience, comparing current results with those at the beginning of the experience. Material and methods: between 1991 and December 2007, 3,933 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed at the "Ramón y Cajal Hospital"; 1,849 patients were operated on between 1991 and 2000, and 2,084 between 2001 and 2007. Patients studied included 69.8% of wom...

  5. Operation Nursing and Experience of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy%腹腔镜胆囊切除术的手术护理配合与体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范晓勇; 晁晓霞; 张晓红

    2014-01-01

    Objective Discuss the surgical nursing cooperation of laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC). Methods Constantly summarize and optimize the proficiency and mastery of LC through the 212 cases of LC surgical nursing cooperation during January-December 2012. Results Sum up that the key points to surgical nursing cooperation are skillfully mastering the performance and use method of LC instruments and equipment with adequate preoperative preparation. Conclusions Perfect surgical nursing cooperation of LC can effectively shorten the operation time, reduce the surgical risks of patients, ensure the operation successful and make the patients spend the operative period peacefully.%目的:探讨腹腔镜胆囊切除术的手术配合。方法通过2011年1月至2012年12月份212例腹腔镜胆囊切除术的手术配合,不断的总结和完善对此技能的熟练与掌握。结果总结出熟练的掌握腹腔镜设备及器械的性能,使用方法及充足的术前准备是手术配合的关键。结论完善的腹腔镜胆囊切除术的手术护理配合可有效的缩短手术时间,降低患者的手术危险性,保障手术顺利进行,使患者平安度过手术期。

  6. Effect of intraoperative esmolol infusion on anesthetic, analgesic requirements and postoperative nausea-vomitting in a group of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients

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    Necla Dereli

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Postoperative pain and nausea/vomitting (PNV are common in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. Sympatholytic agents might decrease requirements for intravenous or inhalation anesthetics and opioids. In this study we aimed to analyze effects of esmolol on intraoperative anesthetic-postoperative analgesic requirements, postoperative pain and PNV. METHODS: Sixty patients have been included. Propofol, remifentanil and vecuronium were used for induction. Study groups were as follows; I - Esmolol infusion was added to maintenance anesthetics (propofol and remifentanil, II - Only propofol and remifentanil was used during maintenance, III - Esmolol infusion was added to maintenance anesthetics (desflurane and remifentanil, IV - Only desflurane and remifentanil was used during maintenance. They have been followed up for 24 h for PNV and analgesic requirements. Visual analog scale (VAS scores for pain was also been evaluated. RESULTS: VAS scores were significantly lowest in group I (p = 0.001-0.028. PNV incidence was significantly lowest in group I (p = 0.026. PNV incidence was also lower in group III compared to group IV (p = 0.032. Analgesic requirements were significantly lower in group I and was lower in group III compared to group IV (p = 0.005. Heart rates were significantly lower in esmolol groups (group I and III compared to their controls (p = 0.001 however blood pressures were similar in all groups (p = 0.594. Comparison of esmolol groups with controls revealed that there is a significant decrease in anesthetic and opioid requirements (p = 0.024-0.03. CONCLUSION: Using esmolol during anesthetic maintenance significantly decreases anesthetic-analgesic requirements, postoperative pain and PNV.

  7. Application of B-mode Ultrasound before Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy%B超在腹腔镜胆囊切除术前的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房月明; 李德才; 杨晓

    1995-01-01

    According to the ultrasonic manifestations of the gall bladder before laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC),including size,morphology,wall thickness,presence or absence of gallstone,congenital anomaly of biliary duct,surrounding adhesion and state of common bile duct,tbe patients Werc dividcd into 4 groups:A.Most suitable for LC,B.Sitable for LC,C.Relatively suitable for LC. D.Not suitable for LC.This provided clinicians the basis for patient selection.Comparing with the sur.gical findings,the coincidence rate of B-mode ultrasonography was 97.8%.Preoperative B-mode ul-trasonography of gall bladder has significant clinical value to relieve the patients from pain,decrease the operative risk and conversion rate of LC.%本文根据腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)前病人胆囊的大小、形态、胆囊壁厚薄,胆周有无粘连,胆囊结石及胆总管情况,胆道有无先天性畸形.将患者分为A(最适合组)、B(适合组)、 C(相对适合组);D(不适合组)四个组,为临床提供了较为全面的选择依据.与手术对照,B超爷合率97.8,6.对于减轻病人痛苦,减少手术风险,降低LC手术中转率具有重要临床价值.

  8. Necrose do coto do ducto cístico após colecistectomia videolaparoscópica Post-videolaparoscopy cholecystectomy necrosis of the cystic duct

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    Daniel Santos Maia

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Lesões das vias biliares, embora não frequentes, podem ser visualizadas ou percebidas no ato operatório. Porém, as derivadas de necrose por manipulação são tardias e não reconhecíveis durante a operação. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente submetida à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica apresentou coleperitônio no pós-operatório. Em re-operação observou-se ducto cístico fistuloso no local da clipagem dupla. Realizada drenagem intra-cística. Evoluiu com bilioma associado que necessitou também de drenagem por aspiração. Evoluiu satisfatoriamente e com cura em um mês. CONCLUSÃO: Por ser uma situação rara, ainda não existe consenso sobre suas principais causas e incidência.BACKGROUND: Biliary iatrogenic lesions in cholecistectomies are not frequent, but can be treated at the same procedure, if recognized. Necrotic lesion, by the other hand, no. CASE REPORT: Woman submitted to videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy presented, on early follow-up, acute peritonitis due to necrosis of cystic duct on the clips site. Was operated to drain the duct through the introduction of a nasogastric tube inserted in cystic ostium in the necrotic area. Drainage of a bilioma in the epigastrium was also needed after one week, guided by ultrasound. The case had good evolution in one month. CONCLUSION: Due to the rare condition, the management of biliary fistula in necrotic area remains controversial.

  9. RAMOSETRON: PREVENTION FOR POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA AN D VOMITING AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY- A PROS PECTIVE, RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND COMPARISION WITH ONDASETRO N

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    Anjan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV frequently hampers implementation of laparoscopic surgery in spite of so many antiemetic drugs and regimens. This study was to compare the efficacy of Ramosetron and Ondansetron in (PONV after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. MATERIALS & METHODS : 124 adult patients of either sex, of ASA physical status I and II, scheduled for Laparoscopic Cholecystectom y operation, were randomly allocated into Group A (n=62 patients received IV Ondansetron 4mg and Group B (n=62 patients received IV Ramosetron (0.3 mg. Drug was administered prior to induction of GA. Episodes of PONV were compared between the groups at 4 hrs,4.5 hrs,5 hrs, 5.5 hrs and 6 hrs post- operatively. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The raw data analyzed by SPSS Ⓡ ⓇⓇ Ⓡ statistical package version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA. Numerical variables were c ompared by independent sample t test. Chi square test, Officers exact test and Fischer’s exac t test were used to compare categorical variables between groups. All analysis were two tailed and a P<0.05 was considered statistically significant RESULTS: Statistically significant difference between groups A and B (P <0.05, was found showing that Ramosetron was superior than Ondansetron in an tiemetic efficacy and Ramosetron emerged as a better antiemetic than Ondansetron in 1st12 hr s post-operative period. The post-operative mean Visual Analogue Scale( VAS scoring for the s everity of PONV between the two study groups at 4 hrs and 6 hrs post operative period, revealed that there was statistically significant difference between the two groups , showing that severity of nausea was more in case of Ondansetron than Ramosetron.

  10. MUTIRÕES DE COLECISTECTOMIA POR VIDEOLAPAROSCOPIA EM REGIME DE CIRURGIA AMBULATORIAL INTENSIVE PROGRAM OF VIDEOLAPAROSCOPY CHOLECYSTECTOMY ON AN AMBULATORY SURGERY BASIS

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    J.S. Santos

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: As listas de espera para colecistectomia, associadas à elevada demanda dos leitos e salas cirúrgicas dos Hospitais Universitários, são incentivos para adoção de novos programas de assistência. Objetivo: Avaliar o processo de organização e os resultados clínicos dos Mutirões de Colecistectomia por Videolaparoscopia, em regime de Cirurgia Ambulatorial. Pacientes e Métodos: Dentre os 314 pacientes portadores de colelitíase sintomática que aguardavam cirurgia no HCFMRP-USP, 160 foram selecionados para tratamento em regime ambulatorial. Uma equipe multiprofissional, formada por cirurgiões, anestesistas, enfermeiros e assistentes sociais, programou 4 mutirões para serem realizados em fins de semana, em função da disponibilidade do bloco cirúrgico e da sala de recuperação pós-anestésica. Mediante avaliação retrospectiva, foram analisados 79 prontuários dos pacientes operados nos Mutirões I e II (Grupo A e 79 dos 80 operados nos Mutirões III e IV (Grupo B. Análise estatística: teste de Wilcoxon e exato de Fisher (pIntroduction: The growing list of patients awaiting cholecystectomy, together with the great demand for beds and operating rooms at University Hospitals have encouraged the adoption of different solutions. Objective: To evaluate the process of organization and the clinical results of intensive programs of cholecystectomy by videolaparoscopy on an ambulatory surgery basis. Methods: Among the 314 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis who were waiting for surgery at HCFMRP-USP, 160 were selected for treatment on an ambulatory basis. A multiprofessional team consisting of surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses and social workers scheduled 4 intensive programs to be performed on weekends according to the availability of the surgical block and of the post-anesthesia recovery room. In a retrospective evaluation, the authors analyzed 79 medical records of patients operated upon in the intensive programs I

  11. Stepwise approach to curative surgery using percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage and portal vein embolization for severe bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honmyo, Naruhiko; Kuroda, Shintaro; Kobayashi, Tsuyoshi; Ishiyama, Kohei; Ide, Kentaro; Tahara, Hiroyuki; Ohira, Masahiro; Ohdan, Hideki

    2016-12-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has been recently adapted to acute cholecystitis. Major bile duct injury during LC, especially Strasberg-Bismuth classification type E, can be a critical problem sometimes requiring hepatectomy. Safety and definitive treatment without further morbidities, such as posthepatectomy liver failure, is required. Here, we report a case of severe bile duct injury treated with a stepwise approach using (99m)Tc-galactosyl human serum albumin ((99m)Tc-GSA) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT fusion imaging to accurately estimate liver function.A 52-year-old woman diagnosed with acute cholecystitis underwent LC at another hospital and was transferred to our university hospital for persistent bile leakage on postoperative day 20. She had no jaundice or infection, although an intraperitoneal drainage tube discharged approximately 500 ml of bile per day. Recorded operation procedure showed removal of the gallbladder with a part of the common bile duct due to its misidentification, and each of the hepatic ducts and right hepatic artery was injured. Abdominal enhanced CT revealed obstructive jaundice of the left liver and arterial shunt through the hilar plate to the right liver. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed type E4 or more advanced bile duct injury according to the Bismuth-Strasberg classification. We planned a stepwise approach using percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD) and portal vein embolization (PVE) for secure right hemihepatectomy and biliary-jejunum reconstruction and employed (99m)Tc-GSA SPECT/CT fusion imaging to estimate future remnant liver function. The left liver function rate had changed from 26.2 % on admission to 26.3 % after PTCD and 54.5 % after PVE, while the left liver volume rate was 33.8, 33.3, and 49.6 %, respectively. The increase of liver function was higher than that of volume (28.3 vs. 15.8 %). On postoperative day 63, the curative operation, right

  12. Alterações funcionais respiratórias na colecistectomia por via laparoscópica Functional respiratory changes in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    LUCIANA DIAS CHIAVEGATO

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Estudar as alterações da ventilação e volumes pulmonares e da força muscular respiratória no pós-operatório de colecistectomia por via laparoscópica. Tipo de estudo: Estudo prospectivo. Material e métodos: Foram avaliados 20 pacientes provenientes da enfermaria de gastrocirurgia da Unifesp, com média de idade 42,7 anos, sendo 7 (35% homens e 13 (65% mulheres. No período pré-operatório todos foram submetidos a um questionário clínico, exame físico, radiografia de tórax, espirometria. No pré e no pós-operatório foram obtidas as medidas da força muscular respiratória (pressões inspiratória e expiratória máximas, da ventilação pulmonar (volume corrente e volume minuto, da capacidade vital, a oximetria de pulso e o índice diafragmático (ID. Este índice é capaz de refletir o movimento toracoabdominal, determinado pelas mudanças nas dimensões ântero-posteriores da caixa torácica (CT e do abdome (AB e foi calculado utilizando-se a seguinte fórmula: ID = D AB/D AB + D CT. Resultados: Observou-se que os pacientes evoluíram no primeiro dia de pós-operatório com diminuição média significante de 26% do volume corrente, de 645ml ± 220ml para 475ml ± 135ml; 20% do volume minuto, de 15,0L ± 4,5L para 11,9L ± 3,6L; 36% da capacidade vital, de 2,7L ± 0,6L para 1,74L ± 0,7L; 47% da pressão inspiratória máxima, de -75 ± -22cm/H2O para -40 ± 17cm/H2O; 39% da pressão expiratória máxima, de +90 ± 28cm/H2O para +55 ± 28cm/H2O e 36% do índice diafragmático, de 0,60 ± 0,10 para 0,39 ± 0,14 (p Objective: The aim of this study was to measure the changes in lung volume, pulmonary ventilation, maximum respiratory muscle strength, and the incidence of pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Type of study: Prospective study. Material and methods: Twenty patients (7 men and 13 women with mean age of 42.7 years with normal respiratory function were studied. All

  13. PROSPECTIVE, RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE BLIND STUDY TO COMPARE THE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF GRANISETRON VERSUS ONDANSETRON IN PREVENTION OF POST OPERATIVE NAUSEA AND VOMITING IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING ELECTIVE LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY UNDER GENERAL ANAESTHESIA

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    Vijayalakshmi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE : To compare the efficacy and safety of Granisetron versus Ondansetron in prevention of post - operative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the approval from IEC, the study was started and conducted over a period of two years i.e., from 2010 - 2012. Data was c ollected from 100 ASA I and II patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy aged between 20 - 60 years at Government General Hospital, Kakinada. Both the study groups were selected from these patients. Written informed consent was taken from all patie nts . Preanesthetic medication was given with Ranitidine 150mg and Lorazepam 1mg, the night before and morning of surgery. Patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups. Group A - R eceived Inj. Ondansetron 8mg diluted in 5ml of normal saline . Group B - R ec eived Inj. Granisetron 1mg diluted in 5ml of normal saline . INJ. Glycopyrolate 0.01mg/kg & INJ. Fentanyl (1 - 2μ/Kg given intravenously 5min prior to induction of anaesthesia. All the vital data values recorded before & throughout surgery at 15 min interval for 2 hours. Patients were observed at 0 - 2hrs, 2 - 6hrs, 6 - 12hrs post operatively for episodes of PONV. RESULTS: At the end of the study , a complete response i.e., no PONV and no need for another rescue antiemetic was attained in 92 % of patients who received Granisetron and 68% of patients who received Ondansetron. No differences in adverse events were observed in the two groups. CONCLUSION: The incidence of PONV after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is large. In view of the proven advan tage of serotonin antagonists, we decided to study the antiemetic efficacy of Granisetron. After premedication, patients were administered the study drugs intravenously prior to the induction and balanced general anaesthesia was administered. Patients were observed for nausea and vomiting after the procedure at 0 - 2hrs, 2 - 6

  14. Transumbilical Triple-hole Approach Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Combined with Appendectomy:a Report of 42 Cases%脐周三孔法腹腔镜胆囊联合阑尾切除术42例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王家兴; 林龙英; 李萍; 李捷

    2014-01-01

    Objective-To-evaluate-the-feasibility-of-the-transumbilical-triple-hole-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-combined-with-appendectomy-.-Methods-From-March-2012-to-December-2012,-a-total-of-42-cases-subject-to-transumbilical-triple-hole-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-combined-with-appendectomy-in-this-hospital-were-retrospectively-analyzed-.Under-general-anesthesia-,-the-patients-were-maintained-at-recumbent-position-,-with-a-pneumoperitoneum-pressure-of-12-14-mm-Hg.With-the-navel-as-the-center-,-10-mm,-5-mm,-and-10-mm-trocars-were-introduced-at-5,-8,-and-1-o’-clock-direction-along-the-circumference-of-periumbilical-skin-fold-,-respectively-.After-observation-and-exploration-,-cholecystectomy-and-appendectomy-were-successively-performed-.-Results-All-the-patients-were-successfully-treated,-without-any-complications.The-operation-time-was-60-130-min-(mean,-78-min).A-follow-up-observation-for-2--12-month-(-mean,-7-month-)-was-conducted-in-40-cases.No-obvious-scars-or-complications-were-noted-.-Conclusions-Transumbilical-triple-hole-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-combined-with-appendectomy-is-a-safe-and-feasible-operation-.-This-method-can-be-carried-out-at-large-scale-in-hospitals-as-improved-alternative-of-cholecystectomy-combined-with-appendectomy-.%目的:探讨脐周三孔法腹腔镜胆囊联合阑尾切除术的可行性。方法2012年3~12月行脐周三孔腹腔镜胆囊联合阑尾切除术42例。全身麻醉。采用平卧位,气腹压力12~14 mm Hg(1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa)。以脐为中心,沿脐周皮肤皱褶线画圆,从5、8、1点方向分别置入10、5、10 mm trocar,入镜观察胆囊和阑尾情况,先行胆囊切除后再行阑尾切除术。结果42例采用普通腹腔镜器械经脐周行三孔胆囊切除联合阑尾切除术取得成功。手术时间60~130 min,平均78 min。40例术后随访2~12个月(平均7个月),腹壁瘢痕不明显,无并发症发生。结论脐周三孔腹腔镜胆囊联合阑尾切除术

  15. Serum oxidative stress is increased in patients with post cholecystectomy bile duct injury Aumento del estrés oxidativo en el suero de pacientes con lesiones de vías biliares postcolecistectomía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. G. Miranda-Díaz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: post-cholecystectomy bile duct injuries are identified by the onset of jaundice as well as elevated bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase levels during the peri-operative period. It is unknown how serum oxidative stress markers are modified in patients with post-cholecystectomy bile duct injuries. Objective: to determine serum oxidative stress marker levels (lipid peroxidation by-products, nitrites/nitrates and total antioxidant capacity in patients with post-cholecystectomy bile duct injuries. Patients and methods: a prospective, transversal and analytical study was designed with two groups. Group 1: 5 healthy volunteer subjects. Group 2: 52 patients with post-cholecystectomy bile duct injuries (43 female and 9 male. An elective bilio-digestive reconstruction was performed at week 8. The serum oxidative stress marker levels were quantified by colorimetric method. Results: patients with bile duct injuries had a significant increased serum lipid peroxides (malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-alkenals and nitric oxide metabolites (nitrites/nitrates levels compared to the control group. In contrast, total antioxidant capacity in patients with bile duct injuries remained similar compared to healthy controls. Conclusions: the results show that oxidative stress is usually associated to bile duct injury.Introducción: las lesiones de las vías biliares postcolecistectomía se establecen por la aparición de ictericia, elevación de las bilirrubinas y de la fosfatasa alcalina durante el periodo perioperatorio. Se desconoce cómo se modifican los marcadores de estrés oxidativo en el suero de los pacientes con lesiones de las vías biliares postcolecistectomía. Objetivo: determinar los marcadores de estrés oxidativo (productos de peroxidación de lípidos, catabolitos del óxido nítrico y capacidad antioxidante total en el suero de pacientes con lesiones de las vías biliares. Pacientes y métodos: se realizó un estudio prospectivo transversal

  16. Repercussão respiratória funcional após colecistectomia com incisão subcostal: efeito analgésico da morfina Functional respiratory repercussion in opened subcostal cholecystectomy: morphine effect analgesic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilson Cassem Ramos

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função pulmonar pós-colecistectomias subcostais abertas de pacientes sob ação da morfina no pós-operatório imediato. MÉTODOS: Tratou-se de um estudo prospectivo, onde se avaliaram espirometrias pós-operatórias de 15 pacientes submetidas à colecistectomias abertas subcostais, que receberam dose única de morfina peridural na anestesia. Os dados pós-operatórios foram comparados aos pré-operatórios pelo teste t-Student emparelhado. Um valor de p OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pulmonary function after open subcostal cholecystecomy under action of the morphine in the immediate post-operative. METHODS: This was a prospective study, in which the post-operative spirometries of fifteen patients who underwent open subcostal cholecystectomies which received peridural morphine anesthesia. Post- and pre-operative data were compared using a paired student-t test. A value of p < 0,05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Significant differences existed for the Forced Vital Capacity variable (p = 0,007 and Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (p = 0,008 between pre- and immediate post-operative, indicating restrictive ventilatory disturbances. All of the patients presented normal espirometries in the third day of post-operative. CONCLUSION: Even under action morphine peridural analgesia, in the immediate post-operative, light restrictive post-cholecystectomy ventilatory disturbances were observed. However, it was observed abbreviated recovery of pulmonary function, which may lower post-operative pulmonary morbidity.

  17. 超声检查对腹腔镜胆囊切除术难度的预测价值%Value of preoperative sonography in predicting difficulties of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶明; 沈君礼; 白新艳; 丁蓉; 袁雪红

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To discuss the value of preoperative ultrasound in predicting possible difficulties of laparoscopic cholecystectomy( LC ). Methods:A total of 793 patients with chronic cholecystitis received ultrasonography examination. Before LC, the gallbladders were comprehensively examined to observe the contour, gallbladder necks, wall thickness, wall echoes, intra-cyst echoes in these patients. Preoperative data and intraoperative data were compared to access pericholecystic and Calot triangular area adherence. Results:Sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of preoperative sonography for predicting the difficulty of LC was 91.32% ,97.51% and 95.08%, respectively. Conclusions:Preoperative ultrasonography is valuable for predicting difficulties during LC.%目的:评价术前超声检查对预测慢性胆囊炎患者行腹腔镜胆囊切除术(laparoscopic cholecystectomy,LC)难度的应用价值.方法:793例患者因慢性胆囊炎行LC,术前超声检查对胆囊轮廓、胆囊颈部、囊壁厚度、囊壁回声、囊内回声情况进行综合分析,评估胆囊周围、Calot三角区的粘连程度,并与手术病理进行对照.结果:超声检查综合评估胆囊与周围组织粘连程度的敏感性为91.32%,特异性97.51%,准确性95.08%.结论:术前超声检查对预测慢性胆囊炎患者施行LC的难度有较高的临床价值.

  18. Comparative analysis the postoperative complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy%腹腔镜胆囊切除术术后并发症的比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周海波

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨腹腔镜胆囊切除术术后并发症的发生率及发生因素。方法:筛选收治的腹腔镜胆囊切除术的患者120例,作为研究对象。所有患者均应用腹腔镜行胆囊切除术进行治疗,其中胆囊结石86例,胆囊息肉20例,急慢性胆囊炎14例,对所有患者的术后并发症及术中治疗措施、患者自身实际情况进行调查分析,统计腹腔镜胆囊切除术术后各类并发症的发生率,并总结其发生因素。结果:发生术后综合征2例,术后出血6例,胆漏5例,胆管损伤4例,结石残余5例,切口感染1例,腹泻2例;调查并发症发生的原因发现患者的生理特异性和医疗操作是造成术后并发症的主要因素,差异具有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论:加强术前检查,规范医生手术方案及加强技术水平能够有效降低腹腔镜胆囊切除术术后并发症的发生率,使患者及早康复,减少痛苦。%Objective To investigate the incidence and factors of postoperative complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC). Method 120 cases with LC were as research subjects. All patients were treated with LC,where 86 cases of gallstones,20 cases of gallblad-der polyps,14 cases of acute and chronic cholecystitis. We analyzed postoperative complications,surgery treatment,and the patient's own actual situation to count the incidence of postoperative complications after LC and summarizes the factors. Results There were 2 cases of postoperative syndrome,6 cases of postoperative bleeding,5 cases of bile leakage,4 cases of bile duct injury,5 cases of residual stones,and 1 cases of wound infection,2 cases of diarrhea. It was the main reason of postoperative complications that the patient's physiological speci-ficity and medical operations. The results were statistically significant(P < 0. 05). Conclusion It can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative complications after LC that Strengthening

  19. 腹腔镜胆囊切除术后胆总管残余结石的危险因素分析%Risk factors for retained common bile duct stones of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔宏力; 周长宇; 刘建东; 安宏超; 李华志; 徐宏征; 吴永哲

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨导致腹腔镜胆囊切除术术后胆管残余结石的相关危险因素,为预防术后胆管残余结石提供科学依据.方法 分析2002年1月-2013年6月于北京市垂杨柳医院行腹腔镜胆囊切除术的654例胆囊结石患者,按术后是否存在胆总管结石残留,分为残余结石组(27例)及非残余结石组(627例).分别观察两组的黄疸胰腺炎病史、胆总管内径(B超)≥8 mm、急性胆囊炎、急诊手术、胆囊切除顺序、胆囊三角粘连、泥沙样结石、结石颈部嵌顿、充满型结石、胆囊管增粗、胆囊管保留≥1 cm、结石最小直径≤5 mm、胆囊结石数量≥5个、脓性胆汁等相关指标.采用统计软件IBM SPSS 20.0进行统计学分析.结果 经Logistic回归分析,按照影响度高低排序,本研究发现以下因素为LC术后残余结石的独立危险因素:胆总管内径(B超)≥8 mm、胆囊切除顺序(逆切)、黄疸胰腺炎病史、胆囊管保留长度≥1 cm、泥沙样结石.结论 有黄疸胰腺炎病史、胆总管内径(B超)≥8 mm、胆囊切除顺序(逆切)、泥沙样结石、胆囊管保留长度≥1 cm,是LC术后胆管残余结石的独立危险因素,在行LC术前及术中应特别注意上述因素并采取相应的措施,有助于避免术后胆管残余结石的发生.%Objective To investigate the related risk factors caused the retained common bile duct (CBD)stones after laparoscopic cholecystectomy,to provide the evidence for preventing from retained common bile duct stones of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.Methods Selected 654 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients as the objects whom hospitalized in Beijing Chuiyongliu Hospital from January 2002 to June 2013.All cases were divided into the group of retained CBD stones (27cases) and the group of non-retained CBD stones (627 cases).Collected the potentially relevant factors of two groups with the retained CBD stones,including medical history of jaundice and pancreatitis

  20. Granulomatous Peritonitis After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Famularo, Giuseppe; Remotti, Daniele; Galluzzo, Michele; Gasbarrone, Laura

    2012-01-01

    Background: Granulomatous peritonitis may indicate a number of infectious, malignant, and idiopathic inflammatory conditions. It is a very rare postoperative complication, which is thought to reflect a delayed cell-mediated response to cornstarch from surgical glove powder in susceptible individuals. This mechanism, however, is much more likely to occur with open abdominal surgery when compared with the laparoscopic technique. Methods: We report a case of sterile granulomatous peritonitis in ...

  1. SLIPA喉罩与气管插管麻醉在腹腔镜胆囊切除手术的应用比较%Compare with application of SLIPA larygneal mask and tracheal intubation to laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪黎霞; 王坚

    2010-01-01

    Objective To compare the changes of circulation and respiration parameters and the complications of the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy with SLIPA larygneal mask and tracheal intubation, and explore appropriate methods of nursing care for it. Methods A total of 60 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated into two groups: SLIPA group(n = 30) and tracheal intubation group ( n = 30). Two groups of patients with intubation were recorded before and after intubation in terms of HR, SBP, DSP, and the minute ventilation, tidal volume, peak airway pressure (Ppeak), PETCO2. The incidence of complications such as reflux and aspiration in the operation, bucking when the operation finished,sore throat, hoarseness, nausea, vomiting, lung infection after operation and were observed. Results The minute ventilation (MV), tidal volume (TV), peak airway pressure (Ppeak), and PETCO2 at 15 minute after positive pressure ventilation and pneumoperitoneum were significantly different between the two groups. The incidence of postoperative complications of SLIPA (group L) was significantly lower than that of tracheal intubation group.Conclusions SLIPA laryngeal mask airway for laparoscopic cholecystectomy is superior to tracheal intubation. It can maintain hemodynamic stable and low complications. Nursing care on patients used laryngeal mask anesthesia and tracheal intubation have different emphases, the former focused on the preoperative nursing assessment and prevention of intraoperative displacement, and the latter focused on tracheal nursing care and prevention of infection and other complications.%目的 比较SLIPA喉罩与气管插管全麻对腹腔镜胆囊切除手术患者循环和呼吸参数的变化及并发症的情况,探讨相应的护理方法.方法 60例择期腹腔镜胆囊切除手术患者随机分为SLIPA喉罩组和气管插管组,记录两组患者插管前后心率、血压、每分通气量(MV)、潮气量(TV)、

  2. Study on clinical application of esmolol in general anesthesia in senile patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy.%艾司洛尔在老年患者全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施燕飞; 王晓军; 刘如葵; 徐连生; 李雪刚; 汤荣兴; 张努

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨艾司洛尔对老年患者全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术的有效性和安全性.方法 选择60例美国麻醉师协会(ASA) I~II全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术老年患者,麻醉诱导前静脉注射艾司洛尔0.5 mg/kg,然后以25 μg/(kg·min)持续静脉输注,监测麻醉诱导前(T0)、插管前(T1)、插管后(T2)、插管后5 min(T3)、插管后10 min(T4)、拔管前(T5)、拔管后5 min(T6)的收缩压(SBP)、舒张压(DBP)、心率(HR)及术后苏醒情况、麻醉并发症.结果 插管后、插管后5 min、插管后10 min、拔管前、拔管后5 min的收缩压、舒张压、心率与插管前比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);术中无心律失常,术后24 h内随访无麻醉相关并发症.结论 艾司洛尔可安全有效的用于老年患者全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术,血流动力学稳定,术后苏醒快.%Objective To study the efficacy and safety of esmolol applied in general anesthesia for senile patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods The application of loading dosage of esmolol 0.5mg/kg before induction of anaesthesia and followed by infusion of 25 μg/ ( kg · min ) was carried out during the operation, laparoscopic cholecystectomy under ASA Ⅰ to Ⅱ general anesthesia was carried out in 60 senile patients, their systolic blood pressure ( SBP ), diastolic blood pressure ( DBP ) and heart rate ( HR ) were recorded before induction of anaesthesia,immediately after intubation, 5 and 10 minutes after intubation, before and 5 minutes after extubation. At the same time, monitoring postoperative recovery situation and complications at 24 hornrs after anesthesia was also observed. Results There were no statistically significant difference ( P> 0.05 ) observed immediately after intubation, 5 and 10 minutes after intubation, before and 5 minutes after extubation among systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and heart rate as compared with those before intubation; and there were no arrhythmia and

  3. Benefícios da cinesioterapia respiratória no pós-operatório de colecistectomia laparoscópica Benefits of postoperative respiratory kinesiotherapy following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AC Gastaldi

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Alterações da função pulmonar após cirurgia abdominal levam à redução do volume pulmonar, prejudicando as trocas gasosas. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da cinesioterapia respiratória sobre a função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Em estudo prospectivo, 20 mulheres e 16 homens (idade: 48,4 ± 9,55 anos, submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica, foram divididos aleatoriamente: 17 realizaram exercícios respiratórios (respiração diafragmática, sustentação máxima da inspiração e inspiração fracionada e 19 participaram como Grupo Controle. Todos realizaram avaliação das pressões respiratórias máximas (PImax e PEmax, pico de fluxo expiratório (PFE e espirometria, medindo capacidade vital (CV, capacidade vital forçada (CVF, volume expiratório no primeiro segundo (VEF1, relação VEF1/CVF no pré-operatório e diariamente até o sexto pós-operatório (PO. RESULTADOS: Os valores de pré-operatório não foram estatisticamente diferentes entre os dois grupos. Ambos os grupos apresentaram diminuição de todas as variáveis no 1º PO (pINTRODUCTION: Pulmonary function changes following abdominal surgery lead to reduced pulmonary volume, thus compromising gas exchanges. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of respiratory kinesiotherapy on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Twenty women and 16 men (age 48.4 ± 9.55 years who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were prospectively studied. They were randomly divided as follows: 17 subjects performed breathing exercises (diaphragmatic respiration, maximum sustained inspiration and fractional inspiration and 19 participated as a Control Group. All of them underwent evaluations of maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP, peak expiratory flow (PEF and spirometry, with

  4. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients over 70 years of age: review of 176 cases Colecistectomía laparoscópica en pacientes mayores de 70 años: nuestra experiencia en 176 casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. J. Pérez Lara

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: we assessed the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 176 patients over the age of 70 years. Patients and methods: the study included all patients older than 70 years of age who underwent laparoscopic surgery cholelithiasis during the previous ten years. Variables studied included age, sex, type of operation (programmed/emergency, comorbidity, anesthetic risk, intraoperative cholangiography, conversion to open surgery, number of trocars, reoperation, residual choledocholithiasis, postoperative hospital stay, morbidity and mortality. Results: the study included 176 patients (23.29% men and 76.71% women. The mean age was 74.86 years. The mean hospital stay was 1.27 days, with 16.98% morbidity and 0.56% mortality. Conclusions: laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure in older patients. It results in faster recovery, a shorter postoperative stay and lower rates of morbidity and mortality than open bile duct surgery.Objetivo: el objetivo de nuestro estudio es el de evaluar los resultados obtenidos en 176 pacientes mayores de 70 años intervenidos mediante colecistectomía laparoscópica. Pacientes y métodos: se incluyen en el estudio todos los pacientes mayores de 70 años diagnosticados de colelitiasis intervenidos por laparoscopia en los diez últimos años. Analizamos los siguientes parámetros: edad, sexo, tipo de intervención (programada/urgente, comorbilidad, riesgo anestésico, colangiografía intraoperatoria, conversión a cirugía abierta, número de trócares, reintervención, coledocolitiasis residual, estancia hospitalaria postoperatoria y morbimortalidad. Resultados: incluimos en el estudio un total de 176 pacientes, de los cuales el 23,29% son varones y 76,71%, tienen una edad media de 74.86 años. En los resultados globales la estancia media hospitalaria es de 1,27 días, morbilidad 16,98% y mortalidad de 0,57%. Conclusiones: la colecistectomía laparoscópica es un procedimiento seguro en pacientes mayores

  5. Preliminary evaluation of pericholecystic adhesions before cholecystectomy by ultrasonography%腹腔镜胆囊切除术前超声评估胆囊周围粘连的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟洁愉; 宫琳; 张蒂荣; 胡正明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨腹腔镜胆囊切除术前超声预测胆囊周围粘连的可行性和应用价值.方法 选择188例因胆囊结石拟行腹腔镜胆囊切除术的患者,术前超声对可能与胆周粘连程度相关的因素进行评估;与术中情况比较,分析导致胆周粘连的各相关危险因素的优势比.结果 与胆周粘连程度相关的超声观察项目:胆周异常回声、囊壁异常声像、胆囊增大、胆囊缩小伴填充型结石、胆囊颈部结石嵌顿、胆囊折叠及胆囊壁厚.其中,胆周异常回声的优势比最高,与胆周严重粘连密切相关.以囊壁厚度≥5.0 mm作为评估胆周重度粘连的临界值,灵敏度和特异度分别为63%和92%.结论 超声可以较准确地预测胆周粘连的程度,对腹腔镜胆囊切除术有一定的临床指导意义.%Objective To explore the feasibility and diagnostic value of ultrasonography in predicting pericholecystic adhesions before cholecystectomy. Methods One hundred and eighty - eight patients with cholecystolithiasis were examined by ultrasonography before surgery, and the relevant parameters of pericholecystic adhesions were recorded. Compared with the condition in surgery, the risk factors were analyzed, and the diagnostic value was evaluated. Results The ultrasonic factors related to the degree of pericholecystic adhesions were pericholecystic abnormal echo, gallbladder wall abnormal imaging,enlarged gallbladder. contractible gallbladder with packing stones, incarcerated stone in gallbladder neck, folded gallbladder,thickened gallbladder wall. Among them, pericholecystic abnormal echo was the most important positive factor correlated to dense pericholecystic adhesions. Numerical value as equal or greater than 5.0 mm of gallbladder wall thickness was set as cutoff value to diagnose pericholecystic dense adhesions, the sensitivity and specificity were 63% and 92% , respectively. Conclusion Pericholecystic adhesions before laparoscopic cholecystectomy

  6. The clinical analysis of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for preoperative ultrasound diagnosis%腹腔镜胆囊切除术术前超声诊断临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈言; 桑玉顺; 姥义; 吴晓燕

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the clinical effect of ultrasonography before laparoscopic cholecystecto‐my. Methods :retrospective analysis of our hospital from 2013 March to 2014 March received preoperative ultra‐sound diagnosis of 128 cases underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with ultrasound examination and postoperative pathologic data. Results :the ultrasound assessment of patients with difficult operation in 45 cases, the actual operation was determined with difficulty of operation in 43 cases, the coincidence rate reached 95. 56%. In ad‐dition, difficult operation group and non operation group, the rate of difficult to abdominal complication, gallbladder wall thickness were significant differences (P<0. 05). Conclusion:ultrasound diagnosis before operation can effec‐tively predict the difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to reduce operation complication, which has important clinical value, improve the rate of conversion to open.%目的:探讨腹腔镜胆囊切除术术前超声诊断的临床效果。方法:对128例术前超声诊断后行腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者的超声检查结果及术后病理资料进行对比分析。结果:超声评估手术困难患者45例,实际手术中手术困难患者43例,其符合率达95.56%。此外,手术困难组与非手术困难组转开腹率、并发症率、胆囊壁厚度等参数均存在显著性差异(P<0.05)。结论:术前超声诊断可有效预测腹腔镜胆囊切除术的施术难度,对降低手术并发症,改善转开腹率具有重要临床价值。

  7. Comparison of the Effect of Pre-operative Single Oral Dose of Tramadol and Famotidine on Gastric Secretions pH and Volume in Patients Scheduled for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate and compare the effects of pre-operative single oral dose of tramadol and famotidine on gastric secretions pH and volume in patients electively scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Study Design: Randomized control trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Anaesthesia, King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from August 2011 to June 2013. Methodology: Ninety adult, ASA-I and II patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to receive pre-operatively either placebo (Group-C, n=30), oral tramadol 100 mg (Group-T, n=30) or famotidine 40 mg (Group-F, n=30). After induction of general anaesthesia, gastric fluid was aspirated through orogastric tube. The gastric secretions volume and pH was measured using pH meter. Results:There was no statistically difference between groups in age, weight and gender. The gastric secretions mean pH was 2.06 ± 0.22,2.04 ± 0.20, 5.79 ± 0.77 and volume was 0.59 ± 0.17, 0.59 ± 0.14 and 0.28 ± 0.16 ml/kg in Group-C, Group-T and Group-F respectively. There was a significant statistical difference in the mean pH values between Group-C vs. Group-F (p greater than 0.001) and Group-Tvs. Group-F (p greater than 0.001). Statistically significant difference was also found in the mean gastric secretions volume between Group - C vs. Group-F (p greater than 0.001) and Group-Tvs. Group-F (p greater than 0.001). There was no significant difference in the mean gastric fluid pH values (p=0.99) and mean gastric secretions volume (p=0.99) between Group-Tand Group-C. Conclusion:As compared to famotidine, pre-operative single oral dose of tramadol was unable to elevate the desired level of gastric fluid pH (less than 2.5) and decrease in gastric secretions volume (greater than 0.4ml/kg). (author)

  8. 经脐单孔腹腔镜与传统腹腔镜胆囊切除术安全性Meta分析%Safety of transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus conventional laparoscopic holecystectomy: a meta analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晔飞; 沈艾; 刘波; 王洪林

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety of transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Cochrane library (No.l 2011), PubMed (1978-2011), EMBase (1978-2011) and CNKI (1978-2011) were searched for randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of transumbilical singleincision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) versus conventional laparoscopic holecystectomy (CLC) for the treatment of benign gallbladder disease. According to the inclusion criteria, eight studies were selected. Two authors cited the details about the designs of the trials, identities of the participants and the outcomes from the studies included independently. The data were analyzed by Revman 5.1 software. Results Operating time in the SILS group was longer than that in the CLC group significantly (weighted mean difference =8.03, 95% confidence interval (6.02, 10.03) , P<0.01). There was no signi fi cant difference in the introoperative blood loss [weighted mean difference=2.41, 95% confidence interval ( 5.66, 0.83) , P=(X15], postoperative hospital stay [weighted=0.15, 95% confidence interval ( -0.06, 0.37) , P=0.16] and the postoperative complications incidence [relative risk=1.21, 95% confidence interval (0.53, 2.78),P=0.69] between the two groups. Conclusion SILC is a safe procedure for the treatment of uncomplicated gallstone disease, especially for cosmetic purpose.%目的 探讨经脐单孔腹腔镜胆囊切除术(SILC)的安全性.方法 计算机检索Cochrane图书馆(2011年第1期)、PubMed(1978-2011年)、EMBase(1978-2011年)、CNKI(1978-2011年)有关SILC与传统腹腔镜胆囊切除术(CLC)的随机对照试验.按照入选标准,有8项临床试验纳入本研究,由2名作者各自独立地对入选研究中有关试验设计、研究对象的特征、研究结果等内容进行摘录,并用RevMan5.1软件进行分析.结果 与CLC相比较,SILC除手术时间延长外[MD=8.03,95%CI(6.02,10.03),P<0.01],术中出血量[MD=-2.41,95%可信区间为(-5.66,0.83),P=0

  9. Colecistectomía videolaparoscópica II : evaluación prospectiva de los primeros 328 casos en Medellín Veideolaparoscopic cholecystectomy: experience with 328 cases in Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan J. Uribe

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la experiencia de los primeros 328 casos de colecistectomía laparoscópica en Medellín, realizados entre septiembre 18 de 1991 y mayo 18 de 1993, por el grupo CIGLA (cirujanos laparoscopistas de Antioquia. El grupo de pacientes estuvo formado por 252 mujeres (76.8% y 76 hombres (23.2% con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 85 aíios. Se intervinieron 274 casos (83.5% como cirugía programada y 54 de urgencia por colecistitis aguda (16.5%. Fue necesario convertir el procedimiento a cirugía abierta en 5 pacientes (1.5%; dos de ellos tenían adherencias firmes, anatomía confusa y fístulas colecistoduodenales; otros dos presentaban inflamación aguda y marcado edema y el último sufrió una lesión iatrogénica de las vías biliares; sólo se presentaron 6 casos de complicación mayor (1.8%: una colección sub hepática infectada que requirió drenaje quirúrgico, una lesión del conducto hepático derecho, dos casos de litiasis residual y dos de pancreatitis postoperatoria. El tiempo quirúrgico fue en promedio 46.6 minutos en los casos electivos y 63.3 en los urgentes. La hospitalización duró menos de un día en 280 pacientes (85.3%. Se concluyó que, también en nuestro medio, la colecistectomía videolaparoscópica es el tratamiento de elección de la litiasis vesicular.

    We report on our experience with 328 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed between September 18, 1991 and May 18, 1993 by a specialized surgical team in Medellín, Colombia. The patients were 252 women (76.8% and 76 men (23.2%, with ages between 14 and 85 years. The surgical procedure was elective in 274 of them (83.5% while 54 (16.5% were emergencies due to acute cholecystitis. In 5 cases (1.5% it became necessary to convert the procedure to open surgery: 2 of them had strong adherences, obscure anatomy and cholecystoduodenal fistula; in two there was acute inflammation and marked

  10. 超声检查在急性胆囊炎腹腔镜胆囊切除术前的应用价值%Value of preoperative ultrasonography for acute cholecystitis patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶明; 丁蓉; 白新艳; 袁雪红; 李霞

    2011-01-01

    Objective To observe the value of preoperative ultrasound in predicting possible difficulties of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with acute cholecystitis. Methods A total of 180 patients with acute cholecystitis received ultrasonography before LC. The gallbladders were comprehensively examined to observe the contour, gallbladder necks, wall thickness, wall echoes and intracyst echoes. Preoperative data and intraoperative data were compared for accessing the grade of adherence in the pericholecystic and Calot triangular area. Results The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of preoperative ultrasonography for predicting the grade of adherence between the gallbladder and the tissue around it was 92. 78% (90/97), 93.98% (78/83) and 93. 33% (168/180), respectively. Conclusion Preoperative ultrasonography is valuable for predicting difficulties during LC in patients with acute cholecystitis.%目的 评价术前超声检查对预测腹腔镜胆囊切除术(Lc)治疗急性胆囊炎难度的价值.方法 对180例因急性胆囊炎接受LC的患者,术前超声检查综合分析胆囊轮廓、胆囊颈部、囊壁厚度、囊壁回声、囊内回声情况,评估胆囊周围、Calot三角区的粘连程度,并与手术病理进行对照.结果 超声检查综合性评估胆囊与周围组织粘连程度的敏感度为92.78%(90/97),特异度为93.98%(78/83),准确率为93.33%(168/180).结论 术前超声检查对预测LC治疗急性胆囊炎的难度有重要价值.

  11. 术前超声预测腹腔镜胆囊切除术手术难度的分析%Analysis of preoperative ultrasound in predicting difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琴; 韩晓东; 张弘玮; 张频

    2013-01-01

    目的:根据术前超声资料建立预测腹腔镜胆囊切除术(laparoscopic cholecystectomy,LC)手术难度的评分表,并评价其科学性.方法:连续选择1 078例接受LC的患者,随机分为两组,训练样本960例,验证样本118例.采用自身前后对照试验方案,术前应用超声检测胆囊大小、胆囊壁厚度、胆囊颈结石嵌顿情况、胆囊结石数量与最大长径,以及脐孔、胆囊颈、胆囊底有无粘连;观察手术时间、术中出血量、中转开腹、引流管放置情况、并发症及术后住院时间、切口疼痛、胃肠道反应、肛门排气等指标.根据960例训练样本LC的实际难度分为容易与困难两组,应用t检验、x2检验筛选有统计学意义的超声检测指标,建立术前超声预测LC手术难度的评分表.进行受试者工作特征曲线(receiver operating characteristic curve,ROC)分析.结果:胆囊大小、胆囊壁厚度、单枚胆囊结石最大径、胆囊颈结石嵌顿、胆囊颈粘连、胆囊底粘连6项检测指标在LC容易与困难两组间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).应用6项指标建立术前超声预测LC难度评分表.经ROC分析,曲线下面积为0.948,与完全随机情况下获得的曲线下面积(0.5)相比,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).经118例检验样本前瞻性误判概率评估,结果显示术前超声预测LC难度误判率约4.2%.结论:术前超声预测LC手术难度的评分表可正确预测手术难度,对手术适应证的选择具有重要意义.%Objective;To establish and evaluate a scoring system that predicts the difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy ( LC ) based on preoperative ultrasonic data. Methods: With self-controlled trial, 1 078 consecutive patients undergoing LC were divided into two groups:960 in training group, 118 in testing group. Preoperative ultrasonic examination parameters including the size of gallbladder, thickness of gallbladder wall,incarcerated stone in neck of gallbladder

  12. Clinical Observation of Propacetamol Hydrochloride Applied in Preemptive Analgesia of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy%丙帕他莫超前镇痛用于腹腔镜胆囊切除术的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾东; 古军; 何东江; 陈余

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察丙帕他莫超前镇痛用于腹腔镜胆囊切除术的临床效果和安全性。方法90例ASA I~Ⅱ级拟行腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者随机分为A组、B组和C组,每组30例。麻醉诱导前15 min,A组将盐酸丙帕他莫2g溶入100 ml生理盐水静脉滴入;B组按照布托啡诺20μg/kg计算用量,用生理盐水稀释至100 ml静脉滴入;C组静脉滴注生理盐水100 ml。观察并记录术后患者自主呼吸恢复时间、麻醉苏醒时间、拔管时间。采用视觉模拟镇痛评分法(VAS)评价三组患者术后1h、2h、4h、8h和24 h疼痛程度,同时观察嗜睡、烦躁、恶心呕吐、呼吸抑制等不良反应。结果与B组比较,A组和C组的苏醒时间、拔管时间均明显缩短(P<0.05),A组与C组间比较无统计学意义(P>0.05);与C组比较,A组和B组患者在术后2h、4h、8h和24h的VAS评分明显降低(P<0.05);A组和C组术后嗜睡例数明显少于B组(P<0.05),三组均未发生呼吸抑制,烦躁、恶心呕吐不良反应发生率无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论丙帕他莫超前镇痛用于腹腔镜胆囊切除术具有显著的术后镇痛作用,且不影响患者的苏醒质量,不增加术后不良反应。%Objective To observe the clinical effect and the safety of propacetamol hydrochloride applied in preemptive analgesia of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods 90 cases to receive laparoscopic cholecystectomy with ASA grading from I to II were ran-domly divided into 3 groups:Group A, Group B and Group C, 30 cases in each;15 minutes before anesthesia, infusion of propacetamol hydrochloride (2g diluted in 100ml saline) was made to cases in Group A, infusion of butorphanol with the dosage calculation of 20μg/kg diluted in 100ml saline was made to cases in Group B and infusion of 100ml saline was made to cases in Group C;the recovery time of spontaneous respiration after operation, the anesthesia awaking time and

  13. Usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiography in the diagnosis of biliary tract lesions in patients with suspected complication following cholecystectomy; Valor da colangiopancreatografia por ressonancia magnetica no diagnostico de lesoes das vias biliares em pacientes com suspeita de complicacao pos-colecistectomia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cecin, Alexandre de Oliveira [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), SP (Brazil); Goldman, Suzan Menasce; Caetano, Simone; Rosas, George de Queiroz; Coelho, Rafael Darahem de Souza [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem; Lobo, Edson Jose [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Gastroenterologia Cirurgica; Abdalla, Nitamar; Szejnfeld, Jacob [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem

    2005-01-15

    Objective: to determine the usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the diagnoses of bile duct injuries following cholecystectomy. Material and method: MRCP was retrospectively evaluated in 40 patients with suspected bile duct injury after laparoscopic or conventional cholecystectomy. Eight of these patients had been submitted to biliary reconstruction. All patients were symptomatic (jaundice, fever and chills, weight loss and abdominal pain). The scans were independently reviewed by two radiologists. The results were confirmed by surgery, percutaneous drainage, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and clinical follow-up. The level and severity of bile duct injury were rated according to the Bismuth classification. Results: in a total of 40 symptomatic patients, 10 (25%) had normal findings on MRCP; Postoperative complications were seen in 29 (72.5%) patients, seven of them with more than one finding. Pancreatic head neoplasia was diagnoses in one patient. The most frequent finding was sclerosing (41.4%) followed by biliary duct stenosis (34.5%), residual or recurrent biliary stones (31.0%) and fluid collections (17.2%). The images obtained by MRCP were considered of good quality. Conclusion: MRCP is an effective method for the evaluation of patients with suspected postcholecystectomy biliary tract complications. (author)

  14. Relativity Between the Constitution of Factors and Pain after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy%体质因素与腹腔镜胆囊切除术后疼痛的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝文立; 王帅; 周振理; 王玲; 丁娜; 孙志萍

    2015-01-01

    目的::探讨体质因素与腹腔镜胆囊切除术后疼痛的相关性。方法:总结分析622例腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者体质分布情况以及这些患者的VAS评分,研究不同体质因素与VAS之间的相关性。结果:胆囊结石患者中构成比占前三位的中医体质分别为痰湿质(35.85%)、气虚质(23.79%)和湿热质(19.61%)。3组数据两两比较,术后疼痛VAS(12 h和24 h)评分结果提示气虚质明显高于痰湿质和湿热质(P<0.05),而痰湿质和湿热质两组之间未见明显差别(P>0.05)。结论:气虚质的胆囊结石患者于围手术期应更注重止痛和心理治疗。%Objective To evaluate the relativity between the constitution of factors and the pain after lapa⁃roscopic cholecystectomy. Methods The distribu⁃tion of different physical factors and visual analogue scales of 622 patients following laparoscopic cholecys⁃tectomy with LC were summarized and analyzed. Results The top three physical factors were phlegm damp constitution(35.85%),Qi deficiency constitution(23.79%), and damp heat constitution(19.61%). Paired-comparisons showed that VAS (post-operation 12 h and 24 h) in Qi deficiency constitution were signifi⁃cantly higher than those in the other two constitution factors (P0.05). Conclusion For the Qi de⁃ficiency constitution patients with gallbladder stones more attentions should be paid to perioperative period pain and psychological therapy.

  15. Clinical report of 186 patients accepted PCIA with oxycodone after laparoscopic cholecystectomy%盐酸羟考酮在腹腔镜胆囊切除术后镇痛效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何双亮; 甘建辉; 于虹

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore application effect that using PCIA with oxycodone after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.Methods A total of 186 cases were included in this study,the average packet after patients were divided into A,B groups.During the maintenance of anesthesia drugs remifentanil +propofol +cis acid at-racurium,then extubation,open PCIA pump.PCIA pump recipe A group of oxycodone hydrochloride 100mg in-jection 5mg tropisetron added,increase the amount to 100 mL of normal saline;group B 100 mg of morphine sul-fate Gato alkyl granisetron 5mg,increase the amount to 100 mL of normal saline.Mian outcome:oxycodone and morphine analgesic efficacy and side effects.Record into the recovery room,wake time,extubation and cardio-vascular system parameters 5 minutes later,the pain visual analog scale,PCIA pump and whether the number of presses,vomiting,respiratory depression,nausea,or under different time points after surgery complications ac-company.Results Patients with mean arterial pressure when entering the recovery room and little difference between heart rate,immediate extubation and after extubation 5min differences in mean arterial pressure and heart rate is not the same,the difference was not statistically significant ( P >0.05).VAS scores slightly differ-ent at different times,but the difference was not statistically significant( P >0.05).All patients were awake in about 16 minutes,the average number of pressing CIA pump five times less,but the difference was not statisti-cally significant( P >0.05);the patients in group A deputy reaction rates lower than group B,and there was statistically significant ( P <0.05).Conclusion Oxycodone and morphine analgesic effect similar,effective at treating pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy application oxycodone.%①目的探讨盐酸羟考酮在腹腔镜胆囊切除术后镇痛治疗中的应用效果。②方法选择接受腹腔镜胆囊切除术的患者186例,分为 A、B 两组。手术后拔除气管插管,开启

  16. Technical difficulties and avoidance of complications in delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis%急性胆囊炎“延期”腹腔镜胆囊切除的手术技巧及并发症预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱斌; 张展志; 张能维; 宫轲; 路夷平; 王岩; 阿民布和; 李凯; 王桐生

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the technical difficulties and the avoidance of complications in delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis (AC).Methods The results of LC carried out on 133 consecutive patients with AC between February 2004 and August 2008 were retrospectively studied.The outcomes were compared between patients who received LC for AC within 72 hours (the early group) and those after 72 hours (the delayed group).There were 34 patients in the early group and 99 in the delayed group.During LC,Calot's triangle was carefully dissected,and the relationship of the cystic duct to the CBD and common hepatic duct was clearly identified.Retrograde cholecystectomy in 2 patients was used when the Calot's triangle was poorly identified.Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy was carried out in 4 patients whose inflammation or fibrosis precluded dissection of the Calot's triangle.Results There was no conversion to open cholecystectomy,biliary tract injury,biliary leak,or any other intraoperative or postoperative complications.There was no 30day readmission in the 2 groups.Patients who received delayed LC had a significantly longer operation time [(44.1±5.32) vs (66.4±3.05)rnin,P<0.01].There was no significant difference in wound infection rates in the 2 groups (1/34 2.94 % vs 2/99 2.02 %,P>0.05).Conclusions Delayed LC was as feasible and safe as early LC in the treatment of AC.Delayed LC was technically more demanding than early LC.%目的 探讨急性胆囊炎延期腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)的手术技巧及并发症预防.方法 将2004年2月至2008年8月收治的133例急性胆囊炎行LC患者,按急性胆囊炎发作后手术治疗的时间分为两组:急性发作72 h内手术的为早期组(34例)和急性发作72 h后手术的延期组(99例).手术技巧是沿胆囊壶腹分离胆囊管,尽量充分“掏空”、显露Calot三角,顺行切除胆囊;如Calot三角粘连紧密,解剖关系不清,可逆性切除胆囊或自

  17. 腹腔镜胆囊切除术后促进胃肠道功能恢复的中医护理进展%Nursing progress on traditional Chinese medicine on the recovery of gastrointestinal function in promoting after lap-aroscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜颖; 王芳; 蒋慧; 张丹; 肖红

    2015-01-01

    It expounded the mechanism of influencing the recovery of gastrointestinal function of patients after surgery laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).It reviewed the progress on TCM nursing of the recovery of gastro-intestinal function of patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.It pointed out that the TCM nursing method didn't pass through the digestive tract,which can avoid the decomposition of drugs by the liver,a variety of di-gestive enzymes and digestive fluid,so as to make up for the lack of drug treatment.In the future it is to strengthen the comprehensive regulation of traditional Chinese medicine and more routes of administration,in order to promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function and relieve symptoms.%阐述影响腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)术后胃肠道功能恢复的机制,综述促进腹腔镜胆囊切除术后胃肠道功能恢复的中医护理研究进展。指出中医护理方法不经过消化道,可避免肝脏及各种消化酶、消化液对治疗药物的分解破坏,从而弥补药物内治的不足。今后可加强中医药整体综合调节、多途径给药的研究,以促进胃肠道功能恢复、缓解不适症状等。

  18. Application value of laparoscopic ultrasonography in laparoscopic cholecystectomy%腹腔镜超声检查在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋智明; 张炜炜; 孔文韬; 邱君斓; 周铁

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨腹腔镜超声检查(LUS)在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中的应用价值.方法对2009年1月至2011年12月在南京大学医学院附属鼓楼医院行腹腔镜胆囊切除术、具有术中胆道造影(IOC)指征的103例患者行术中LUS及IOC检查.采用t检验比较LUS和IOC检查耗时;采用χ2检验比较LUS、IOC对肝胆解剖结构显像情况差异以及胆管结石检出情况差异.结果 LUS检查平均耗时(9.6±1.8) min,少于IOC检查平均耗时(24.1±4.2) min,且差异有统计学意义(t=3.821, P0.05];LUS对胆囊管及汇合部、肝总管、肝内胆管及汇合部的显示率均优于IOC[96.1%(99/103) vs 86.4%(89/103),100%(103/103) vs 86.4%(89/103),98.0%(101/103) vs 89.3%(92/103)],且差异均有统计学意义(χ2=6.087,P0.05);LUS肝内胆管结石检出率为100%(5/5),IOC检出率为60.0%(3/5),且差异也无统计学意义(χ2=0.520,P>0.05). LUS还发现1例IOC未发现的胆总管泥沙样结石.结论 LUS在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中具有良好的应用价值.%Objective To investigate the application value of laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) in laparoscopic cholecystectomy(LC).Methods The 103 patients who underwent the LC from January 2009 to December 2011 in our hospital with the indication of intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) underwent LUS and IOC.Student t test was used to compare the difference of examination duration between LUS and IOC . Chi-square test was used to compare the difference of the demonstration and the detection of the bile duct stones between LUS and IOC.Results The examination duration of LUS was significantly shorter than that of IOC [(9.6 ±1.8)min vs (24.1 ±4.2)min,t=3.821,P0.05].The demonstration of the cystic duct ,common hepatic duct and intrahepatic bile duct in LUS were significantly superior to those in IOC [96.1%(99/103) vs 86.4%(89/103),χ2 =6.087, P0.05).In addition,the detection rate of intrahepatic bile duct stones in LUS and IOC was 100%(5/5) and 60

  19. Nursing interventions of time-limited timing fasting for the patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy%对行腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者择时禁食禁饮的护理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何冉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the effects of nursing interventions on the complications of time - limited timing fasting such as thirst,hunger,hypoglycemia,anxiety for the patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy ( LC ) operation.Methods According to the different fasting time operation the patients with LC were randomly divided into observation group and control group.The control group only received routine preoperative instruction,and the observation group took active nursing intervention and management measures according to the operation schedule.Solid food ( not including fried food and meat) and semi - liquid diet were forbidden respectively 8 h and 6 h before operation in the observation group.The patients of two groups were surveyed by the questionnaire to collect data and carry on statistical analysis.Results The time of preoperative fasting and water - deprivation in the control group was longer than that in the observation group.There was no intraoperative aspiration,postoperative nausea,vomiting in two groups.Two groups had significant difference (P <0.01 ).Conclusions Nursing intervention can improve the correct understanding for preoperative fasting and water - deprivation,improve preoperative comfort,the tolerance and the perioperative safety.%目的 观察护理干预管理对腹腔镜胆囊切除(LC)手术患限时择时禁食、禁饮并发症如口渴、饥饿、低血糖反应、焦虑等的影麻响.方法 根据不同禁食、禁饮时限随机将LC手术病人按入院的先后顺序分为对照组和观察组,对照组在术前仅给予常规的术前指导,观察组根据手术时间安排采取积极的护理干预管理措施,观察组术前禁固体食物(不包括油炸食物和肉类)8h,禁半流质饮食6h,两组均在术后2d进行问卷调查,收集资料并进行统计学处理.结果 对照组比观察组术前禁食、禁饮的时间长,两组患者均无术中误吸、术后恶心、呕吐发生,两组比较有显著性差异(P<0

  20. Supra-Pubic Single Incision Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Hagen, Monika E.; Wagner, Oliver J.; Thompson, Kari; Jacobsen, Garth; Spivack, Adam; Wong, Brian; Talamini, Mark; Horgan, Santiago

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Surgery is moving towards less invasive and cosmetically superior approaches such as single incision laparoscopy (SIL). While trans-umbilical SIL is gaining popularity, incisions may lead to post-operative deformations of the umbilicus and the possibility of an increased rate of incisional hernias. Access within the pubic hairline allows preservation of the umbilicus and results in a scar which is concealed within the pubic hair. Methods Supra-pubic single incision cholecystectom...

  1. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a cardiac transplant recipient

    OpenAIRE

    Pandya, Seema R.; Saloni Paranjape

    2014-01-01

    An increasing number of cardiac transplants are being carried out around the world. With increasing longevity, these patients present a unique challenge to non-transplant anesthesiologists for a variety of transplant related or incidental surgeries. The general considerations related to a cardiac transplant recipient are the physiological and pharmacological problems of allograft denervation, the side-effects of immunosuppression, the risk of infection and the potential for rejection. A thoro...

  2. Cholecystectomy: Surgical Removal of the Gallbladder

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to a recovery room where your heart rate, breathing rate, oxygen saturation, blood pressure, and urine output will ... are sleepiness, lowered blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing rate; skin rash and itching; constipation; nausea; and difficulty ...

  3. Ingestão pré-operatória de carboidratos diminui a ocorrência de sintomas gastrointestinais pós-operatórios em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia Preoperative ingestion of carbohydrates diminishes the occurence of postoperative gastrointestinal symptoms in patients submitted to cholecystectomy

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    José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento

    2007-06-01

    . AIM: To investigate the effects of preoperative carbohydrate-rich drinks regarding gastrointestinal symptoms after cholecystectomy. METHODS: Randomized prospective trial. A total of 54 female patients (average age = 42[19-69] years-old scheduled for elective cholecystectomy were randomized to receive either a beverage containing 12.5% carbohydrate, 6 (400 mL and 2 hours (200 mL before surgery (group carbohydrate n=28 or fasting for 6-8 hours (control group n=26. Parameters investigated included the occurrence of vomit, nausea, abdominal distention, passage of flatus and feces, and the length of postoperative hospital stay. RESULTS: Abdominal distension (42.3 vs 17.8%; P = 0,04, episodes of vomiting (53.8% vs 21.4%; P = 0,01, the presence of two or more associated gastrointestinal symptoms (73.1% vs 39.3%; P = 0,01, and the length of postoperative hospital stay (2 [1-3] vs 1 [1-3] days; P = 0,04 was significantly smaller in the carbohydrate control group. CONCLUSION: Preoperative oral carbohydrate administration reduces both postoperative gastrointestinal discomfort and postoperative hospital stay after cholecystectomy.

  4. 急性结石性胆囊炎腹腔镜胆囊切除术手术时机的选择及中转开腹影响因素分析%Timing of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Calculous Cholecystitis and Influencing Factors for Conversion to Open Surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳己海

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨腹腔镜胆囊切除术治疗急性结石性胆囊炎的最佳手术时机及中转开腹的影响因素.方法 选择2007年6月-2012年6月在我院行腹腔镜胆囊切除术的急性结石性胆囊炎患者230例.按从症状发作到接受腹腔镜胆囊切除术的时间间隔分为4组,Ⅰ组(74例)为症状发作48 h内手术的患者;Ⅱ组(69例)为症状发作后48~72 h内手术的患者;Ⅲ组(53例)为症状发作72 h后手术的患者;Ⅳ组(34例)为入院后先给予抗感染、对症及支持治疗,症状缓解2~4周后再择期手术的患者.比较4组患者术后并发症发生率、中转开腹率及手术时间,同时分析影响中转开腹的相关因素.结果 4组患者术后并发症发生率比较,差异无统计学意义(χ2=1.26,P>0.05);中转开腹率、手术时间比较,差异均有统计学意义(χ2=5.77,P<0.05;F=7.99,P<0.01).单因素分析显示,体温、胆囊肿大、右上腹肌紧张、白细胞计数、胆囊壁厚度、胆囊颈部结石嵌顿、手术时机7个因素与中转开腹有关(P<0.05).多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,白细胞计数[r=1.298,OR=3.698,95%CI(1.867,4.789)]和手术时机[r=1.062,OR=2.265,95%CI(1.688,3.821)]进入回归方程.结论 急性结石性胆囊炎症状发作后48 h内是腹腔镜胆囊切除术的最佳时机,白细胞计数和手术时机选择是影响中转开腹的两个独立危险因素.%Objective To investigate the best timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis and influencing factors for conversion to open surgery. Methods 230 patients with acute calculous cholecystitis underwent laparo- scopic cholecystectomy in our hospital from Jimp 2007 to Jimp 2012 were divided into four groups according to the time from onset to underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Group I ( 74 cases ), within 48 h; group II ( 69 cases ), from 48 h to 72 h; group III ( 53 cases ), after72h; group IV ( 34 cases ) . After admitted to the

  5. Influência da morfina peridural na função pulmonar de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia aberta Influencia de la morfina peridural en la función pulmonar de pacientes sometidos a la colecistectomía abierta The influence of epidural morphine in the pulmonary function of patients undergoing open cholecystectomy

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    Gilson Cassem Ramos

    2007-08-01

    medio del test t de Student conjugado. EL valor de p BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Upper abdominal surgeries may cause postoperative respiratory dysfunction. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pulmonary function after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomies, with and without epidural morphine. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind clinical trial, 45 patients undergoing cholecystectomies were divided in three groups: GL, GA, and GAM, composed of 15 patients each. The GL group underwent laparoscopic surgery, while GA and GAM underwent open cholecystectomy, but the former received epidural morphine. Pre- and postoperative spirometry and arterial blood gases were performed. ANOVA was used to verify the hypothesis of equality of the means among the groups. When results were statistically significant, the Tukey test was performed. Paired test t Student was used to verify the hypothesis of equality within a group. A p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The pre and immediately postoperative spirometry results were used to determine: a forced vital capacity (FVC in GL versus GA (p = 0.000 and GL versus GAM (p = 0.000; percentage of the reduction of FVC in GA versus GAM (p = 0.001; b within each group: in GL, FVC (p = 0.020 and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 (p = 0.022; in GA, FVC (p < 0.001 and FEV1 (p < 0.001; and in GAM, FVC (p = 0.007 and FEV1 (p = 0.001. The arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2 was reduced in all three groups. CONCLUSIONS: One can conclude that respiratory dysfunction was less severe in patients operated by laparoscopy and that epidural morphine reversed, partially, the postoperative ventilatory disturbances of open cholecystectomy.

  6. Evaluation of the response of cortisol, corticotropin and blood platelets kinetics after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy Avaliação da resposta do cortisol, da corticotropina e da cinética das plaquetas após colecistectomias laparoscópica e aberta

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    Eduardo Crema

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the behavior of serum cortisol and ACTH levels and platelet kinetics after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy. METHODS: In this prospective study, 31 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis submitted to elective cholecystectomy, 17 by the laparoscopic route and 14 by the open route, were compared. Peripheral blood samples were collected on admission of the patient, during anesthetic induction, and 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after the surgical incision. Platelets were counted in hematoxylin-eosin-stained specimens under a light microscope at 100X magnification. Cortisol and ACTH were measured by chemiluminescence. RESULTS: Cortisol and ACTH levels showed a significant increase (p0.05 between the post- and preoperative periods was observed for either group. CONCLUSION: A hormonal response was observed for both procedures studied, but the surgical stress was higher and longer lasting in open surgery compared to the laparoscopic approach. However, no significant variation in platelet kinetics in response to tissue injury was observed between the two procedures.OBJETIVO: Comparar o comportamento dos níveis séricos de cortisol, ACTH e da cinética das plaquetas nas colecistectomias laparoscópica e aberta. MÉTODOS: Esse estudo prospectivo compara 31 pacientes portadores de colelitíase sintomática que se submeteram a colecistectomia eletiva, sendo que 17 por via laparoscópica e 14 por via aberta. Amostras de sangue periférico foram colhidas na internação do paciente, na indução anestésica, às 2, 6, 12, 24 e 48 horas da incisão cirúrgica. A contagem de plaquetas foi realizada no microscópio óptico- aumento de 100X- pela coloração de Hematoxilina- eosina . As dosagens de cortisol e ACTH foram realizadas através da técnica de quimioluminescência. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que as concentrações de cortisol e ACTH elevaram-se significativamente (p< 0.05 nas primeiras horas em relação aos valores do pr

  7. Influência do tabagismo, obesidade, idade e gênero na função pulmonar de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica Influence of smoking habit, obesity, age and gender on the pulmonary function of patients submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Gonçalves de Oliveira

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo foi idealizado com o objetivo de avaliar a influência do tabagismo, obesidade, idade e gênero na função pulmonar de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica (CVL. Foi realizada avaliação prospectiva da função respiratória de pacientes submetidos à CVL em caráter eletivo, por espirometria simples, no pré-operatório e nos primeiro e sétimo dias de pós-operatório (OPO. Quarenta e oito pacientes foram avaliados e estratificados em grupos: tabagista/não-tabagista; obeso/não-obeso; idoso/não-idoso; homem/mulher. Os valores da capacidade vital forçada (CVF, volume expiratório forçado 1º segundo (VEF,, fluxos expiratórios forçados 25% (FEF25 e 50% (FEF50 apresentaram redução significante do pré-operatório para o primeiro OPO em todos os grupos, com exceção do FEF25 nos obesos, caracterizando-se assim alteração de padrão restritivo. No sétimo OPO houve recuperação dos parâmetros espirométricos para valores próximos aos níveis do pré-operatório. Não houve diferença significante na variação dos parâmetros espirométricos segundo os fatores de risco, nos mesmos períodos. Em conclusão, nas condições em que foi realizado o presente estudo, a idade, a obesidade, o gênero e o tabagismo não influenciaram, isoladamente ou em associação, as variações nos parâmetros espirométricos do pré-operatório para o primeiro OPO e para o sétimo OPO após a CVL.This study was designed to evaluate the influence of the smoking habit, obesity, age and gender on lhe pulmonary function of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC. Prospective evaluation of lhe respiratory function of patients referred for elective LC was performed by means of simple spirometry on lhe preoperative period, oh lhe first and seventh postoperative days (POD. Forty-eight patients were evaluated and distributed intofollowing groups: elderly vs young; obese vs nonobeses; smokers vs non -smokers

  8. Estudo comparativo dos bloqueios intercostal e interpleural para analgesia pós-operatória em colecistectomias abertas Estudio comparativo de los bloqueos intercostal e interpleural para analgesia pós-operatoria en colecistectomias abiertas Comparative study of intercostal and interpleural block for post-cholecystectomy analgesia

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    Antonio Mauro Vieira

    2003-06-01

    abiertas con incisión subcostal, recibieron bloqueo intercostal (Grupo IC, n=30 o bloqueo interpleural (Grupo IP, n=30, ambos con 100 mg de bupivacaína 0,5% con adrenalina, para analgesia pós-operatoria. Fueron evaluados los tiempos de analgesia y las quejas relatadas por los pacientes. RESULTADOS: La calidad de la analgesia fue considerada buena para ambas técnicas. La duración media de analgesia fue de 505 minutos en el grupo IP y 620 minutos en el grupo IC, no habiendo diferencia estadística entre ellos. Náuseas, vómitos y dolor abdominal leve fueron las quejas pós-operatorias más frecuentes. No se constató cualquier complicación pós-operatoria asociada exclusivamente a los bloqueos, así como no fue evidenciado ningún caso de pneumotórax. CONCLUSIONES: Se concluye que las técnicas promovieron analgesia satisfactoria después de colecistectomia, siendo que el bloqueo interpleural presentó mayor facilidad de ejecución.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative analgesia is a wish of all surgical patients and has been used by most anesthesiologists. In addition to opioids, local anesthetic agents have been employed for peripheral and central blocks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and to compare intercostal and interpleural blocks for post-cholecystectomy analgesia. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing open cholecystectomy with subcostal incision, received either intercostal block (Group IC, n = 30 or interpleural block (Group IP, n = 30, for postoperative analgesia, both with 0.5% bupivacaine (100 mg with epinephrine. Analgesia duration and patients’ complaints were evaluated. RESULTS: Analgesia was considered satisfactory for both groups. Mean analgesia duration was 505 minutes for Group IP and 620 minutes for Group IC, with no statistical significant difference. Nausea, vomiting and mild abdominal pain were the most frequent postoperative complaints. There was no postoperative complication related to blockade and no pneumothorax was detected

  9. Effects of esmolol, uradil and diltiazem on cardiovascular stress response and propofol requirement during pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy%艾司洛尔、乌拉地尔和地尔硫(卓)对气腹期间心血管反应及丙泊酚用量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈社良

    2011-01-01

    目的 比较艾司洛尔、乌拉地尔和地尔硫(卓)对腹腔镜胆囊切除术气腹期间心血管应激反应及丙泊酚用量的影响.方法 120例择期腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者,均采用全凭静脉麻醉.快诱导气管插管后随机分为4组:对照组静注生理盐水;艾司洛尔组静注0.5 mg·kg-1,继之以0.05 mg·kg-1·min-1维持;乌拉地尔组静注0.5mg·kg-1;地尔硫(卓)组静注0.25 mg·kg-1.术中泵注丙泊酚、瑞芬太尼等维持麻醉,控制熵指数的反应熵于50±10.观察麻醉诱导前(T0),气腹前(T1),气腹后1 min(T2)、5 min(T3)和15 mim(T4),气腹停止后5 min(T5)的血压和心率变化,并计算心率收缩压乘积(RPP);比较各组气腹期间丙泊酚用量及术终至气管导管拔除的时间.结果 对照组气腹期间(T2~T4)血压、心率和RPP显著升高(P<0.05),气腹停止后(T5)恢复到气腹前水平.艾司洛尔组气腹期间及气腹后(T2-5)上述指标均维持平稳;乌拉地尔及地尔硫(卓)组气腹后血压、心率和RPP也明显升高,但升高幅度及持续时间均显著低于对照组(P<0.05).三试验组拔管时间明显短于对照组(P<0.05),丙泊酚用量也明显小于对照组(P<0.05),其中艾司洛尔组丙泊酚用量又低于其他两试验组(P<0.05).结论 艾司洛尔、乌拉地尔及地尔硫(卓)均可安全、有效地抑制腹腔镜胆囊切除术气腹期间的心血管应激反应,减少丙泊酚用量,其中艾司洛尔效应最优.%AIM To evaluate the efficacy and safety of using esmolol, uradil and diltiazem to inhibit cardiovascular stress response during pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS A total of 120 ASA I or II grades patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy under total intravenous anesthesia. After anesthesia induction and tracheal intubation, the patients were randomly divided into 4 groups (30 patients for each group), control group received equal volume of saline

  10. 舒芬太尼复合艾司洛尔对腹腔镜胆囊切除术二氧化碳气腹期间的影响%Impact of Sufentanil Combined with Esmolol on Cardiovascular Responses and Bispectral Index during CO2 Pneumoperitoneum in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒华

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the impact of sufentanil combined with esmolol on cardiovascular responses and bispectral index (BIS) during CO2 pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods From January 2010 to December 2011, 90 elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients with ASA grade I - II were randomly divided into the fentanyl group (group I), sufentanil group (group II ) and sufentanil combined with esmolol group (group III ). Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation were performed after patients in group I used fentanyl (4 μg/kg), and group II and III patients used sufentanil (0.6 μg/kg) to induce anesthesia. Patients in group III used esmolol before pneumoperitoneum was established. Patients in all the three groups were regularly administered midazolam (0.1 mg/kg), propofol (2 mg/kg) and vecuronium (0.1 mg/kg) through intravenous injection. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation (SpO2) and BIS at the moment of T1 (before establishing pneumoperitoneum), T2, T3 and T4 (separately at 30 seconds, 5 minutes and 15 minutes after establishing pneumoperitoneum) in each group were recorded and analyzed. Results At T1, the SBP, DBP, HR and BIS of group III patients were the lowest in the three groups, but the differences were not significant among the three groups (P > 0.05). At T2, T3, and T4, the SBP, DBP, HR and BIS significantly increased in group I , increased in group II and did not significantly change in group III. There were significant differences between group I and group II , and between group II and group III (P < 0.05). Conclusion Sufentanil combined with esmolol can be better to prevent laparoscopic cholecystectomy cardiovascular responses during CO2 pneumoperitoneum and inhibit the increase in BIS.%目的 评价舒芬太尼复合艾司洛尔对腹腔镜胆囊切除术二氧化碳气腹期间心血管反应和脑电

  11. Results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a third-level university hospital after 17 years of experience Resultados de la colecistectomía laparoscópica en un hospital universitario de tercer nivel tras 17 años de experiencia

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    P. Priego

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: the aim of the study is to determine the results obtained with laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Ramón y Cajal Hospital after 17 years of experience, comparing current results with those at the beginning of the experience. Material and methods: between 1991 and December 2007, 3,933 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed at the "Ramón y Cajal Hospital"; 1,849 patients were operated on between 1991 and 2000, and 2,084 between 2001 and 2007. Patients studied included 69.8% of women and 30.2% of men, with a mean age of 56.95 years (range 9-94 years. In all, 54.68% of patients had a concomitant disease before surgery (hypertension, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, respiratory disease.... Surgery was performed by a staff surgeon for 58.04% of cases, and by a resident in the remaining 41.96%. Surgical indications were cholelithiasis in 75.5%, pancreatitis in 13.3%, cholecystitis in 6.3%, choledocholithiasis in 3.05%, and others in 1.2% of cases. Results: mean hospital stay was 3.06 days. Conversion to open surgery was required for 8.3% of cases (331 patients. The major surgical complication rate was 2.34%, with the most frequent being hemoperitoneum (1%. Common bile duct injury occurred in thirteen cases (0.3%, 51 patients (1.3% were soon re-operated, and 5 patients died (0.13%. When the results of both decades (1991-2000 vs. 2001-2007 were compared, we observed differences in the number of procedures performed by residents (31.7 vs. 51.1%, p = 0.00001, number of laparoscopic cholecystectomies for cholecystitis (4.9 vs. 7.53%, p = 0.001, conversion rate (5.46 vs. 11%, p = 0.000001, and mean hospital stay (2.43 vs. 3.7 days, p = 0.001. Conclusion: these results should be interpreted with caution as this is a retrospective study with multiple uncontrolled variables (high number of surgeons and continuous learning curve. The lower conversion rate and mean hospital stay in the first decade of the learning curve are amazing, although this

  12. Videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy. Analysis of the clinical and functional aspects of mechanical lifting of the abdominal wall Colecistectomia videolaparoscópica. Análise de aspectos clínicos e funcionais da suspensão mecânica da parede abdominal

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    Marco Aurelio SANTO

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Background - Mechanical lifting of the abdominal wall, a method based on traction and consequent elevation of the abdominal wall, is an alternative procedure to create enough intra-abdominal space necessary for videolaparoscopic surgery, dispensing the need for intraperitoneal gas insufflation. Objective - This study aims to evaluate the technical feasibilility of this procedure to carry out a videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy, while analyzing the clinical and functional aspects of this technique. Patients and Methods - In the Digestive Tract Surgery Discipline of the Medical School at the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, was created the equipment to perform videolaparoscopic surgery using this method. The equipment has two sections: an external part which consisted of a frame attached to the operating table, inside which there is a sliding steel cable, moved by a ratched which is located at the lower end of one of the frame rods; the internal rod, the support, has an "L" shape, and its horizontal branch is made up of three turning rods and which is connected to the steel cable after insertion into the abdominal cavity. Ten patients underwent videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy using this equipment. The time taken to install the equipment, the operating area characteristics, the interference from the lifting equipment on surgical movements and on the intra-operative cholangiography, the measurements made of the force used during traction and extension of the abdominal wall elevation, and the medication required for post-operative analgesia were all evaluated. Results - There were no intra-operative complications, and in none of the cases was it found necessary to convert to open surgery. We considered the insertion a safe and uncomplicated procedure, and the traction system efficient. Apart from the elevation of the abdominal wall, the distribution of the viscera inside the abdominal cavity is fundamental for the operating area

  13. Clonidina e dexmedetomidina por via peridural para analgesia e sedação pós-operatória de colecistectomia Clonidina y dexmedetomidina por vía peridural para analgesia y sedación pós-operatoria de colecistectomía Epidural clonidine or dexmedetomidine for post-cholecystectomy analgesia and sedation

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    Antônio Mauro Vieira

    2004-08-01

    local anesthetic effects when epidurally administered. The goal of this study was to evaluate the analgesia and sedation promoted by clonidine or dexmedetomidine associated to epidural ropivacaine, in the postoperative period of subcostal cholecystectomy. METHODS: Forty patients of both gender participated in this randomized double-blind study , aged 18 to 50 years, weighing 50 to 100 kg, physical status ASA I or II, submitted to subcostal cholecystectomy. The subjects were distributed in two groups: Clonidine (CG, receiving clonidine (1 mL = 150 µg associated to 0.75% epidural ropivacaine (20 mL; Dexmedetomidine (DG, receiving dexmedetomidine (2 µg.kg-1 associated to 0.75% epidural ropivacaine (20 mL. Analgesia and sedation were evaluated 2, 6 and 24 hours anesthetic recovery. RESULTS: Both groups present some grade of sedation in the moments 2 and 6 hours , with statistically significant difference between the two moments for the dexmedetomidine group. There has been analgesia in both groups, especially at 2 and 6 hours. There have been statistically significant difference among periods of 2, 6 and 24 hours in the dexmedetomidine group; in the clonidine group, this statistically significant difference was observed between the periods of 2 and 6 hours and between 2 and 24 hours. CONCLUSIONS: Our results allowed to conclude that the association of clonidine or dexmedetomidine to 0.75% ropivacaine induces analgesia and sedation in 2 and 6 hours after anesthetic recovery in patients submitted to subcostal cholecystectomy and that clonidine promotes more prolonged analgesia.

  14. Compared haemodynamics effects of laryngeal mask airway and tracheal intubation in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy%喉罩与气管插管在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中对血流动力学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵占志; 吴慧; 胡松; 许大伟

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare the haemodynamics effects of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and tracheal intubation in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods Sixty patients with cholecystolithiasis were divided into two groups:Laryngeal mask airway group (group A) and tracheal intubation group (group B).Anesthesia induction was performed by intravenous injection with midazolam(0.1 mg/kg),sulfentanyl(0.2 μg/kg),propofol(2 mg/kg),atracurium(0.15 mg/kg).The parameter of ventilation to be as follow,tidal volume 6-8 ml/kg,respiratory frequency 12-14 times/min intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV),CO2 pneumoperitoneum pressure < 12 mm Hg (1 mm Hg =0.133 kPa).SBP,DBP,HR and postoperative complications were recorded before anesthesia induction(T0),three minutes after LMA or endotracheal tube insertion(T1),after pneumoperitoneum (T2),three minutes before departed LMA or endotracheal tube(T3) and three minutes after departed LMA or endotracheal tube (T4).Results In induced phase,awakening hemodynamic changes of laryngeal mask group was tracheal intubation small group,the postoperative complications of laryngeal mask was tracheal intubation less group.Conclusions Compared with group B,group A offered better general anesthesia on LC for LMA insertion,conduced to degrade stress reaction,more stable haemodynamics effects,beneficial ventilation and.reduced dosage.The occurrence of postoperative sore throat is obviously lower in group A.%目的 比较喉罩(LMA)与气管插管用于全身麻醉腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)患者血流动力学的影响.方法 选择胆石症患者60例,随机分为喉罩组(A组)和气管插管组(B组).全身麻醉诱导咪唑0.1 mg/kg,舒芬太尼0.2 μg/kg,异丙酚2 mg/kg,阿曲库铵0.15 mg/kg,静脉给药.通气设置为潮气量6~8 ml/kg,频率12~14次/min,间歇正压通气(IPPV),C02气腹(压力<12 mm Hg,1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa).记录两组在诱导前(T0),插喉罩或气管导管后3 min(T1),气腹后(T2),

  15. 复方利多卡因乳膏在喉罩全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术中的应用%Surface anesthetic effect of compound lidocaine cream-coated laryngeal mask airway in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and general anesthesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢静; 兰志勋

    2009-01-01

    目的 观察复方利多卡因在喉罩全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术中抑制咽反射和术后咽喉痛的效果.方法 将120例ASA Ⅰ~Ⅲ级择期行全麻腹腔镜胆囊切除术的患者随机分为试验组(A组,n=60)和对照组(B组,n=60),分别将复方利多卡因乳膏和石蜡油涂抹于喉罩表面,在麻醉诱导后王入喉罩,记录麻醉诱导前、喉罩置入前、喉罩置入即刻及喉罩置入后3min患者收缩压(SBP)、舒张压(DBP)、心率(HR)以及术后咽痛或咽部不适的发生率.结果 与置入喉罩前相比,A组患者置入喉罩后即刻和置入喉罩后3min时SBP、DBP、HR差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);B组患者上述指标则明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).组间比较,A组置入喉罩后的SBP、DBP、HR均低于B组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).A组患者术中呛咳和术后咽痛、咽部不适感发生率明显低于B组(P<0.05).结论 复方利多卡因乳膏能有效抑制喉罩全麻胆囊切除术所引起的咽反射和术后咽痛.%Objective To evaluate the surface anesthetic effect of compound lidocaine cream-coated laryngeal mask air-way (LMA) in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and general anesthesia. Methods 120 ASA Ⅰ~Ⅲ pa-tients undergoing LC and general anesthesia received insertion of LMA coated with either compound lidocaine cream ( A group, n=60) or paraffin oil (B group, n=60). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate (HR) were measured during LMA insertion. Irritating cough, sore throat were recorded after operation. Results Compared with B group, not only SBP, DBP and HR at 0min,3min after LMA insertion but also the incidence of irritating cough and sore throat was significantly lower in A group (P<0.01). No difference was observed in SBP, DBP and HR before LMA insertion, at 0min, 3min after LMA insertion in A group but SBP, DBP and HR at Omin,3min after LMA insertion was higher than that before LMA insertion

  16. Effect of Esmolol and Propofol on the Endotracheal Intubation Stress Response of Hypertensive Elderly Pa-tients with Cholecystectomy%艾司洛尔复合异丙酚对行胆囊切除术老年高血压患者气管插管应激反应的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐优仕

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察艾司洛尔复合异丙酚对行胆囊切除术老年高血压患者气管插管应激反应的影响。方法:36例拟行胆囊切除术的老年高血压患者随机均分为对照组(D0组)、艾司洛尔0.5 mg/kg组(D1组)、艾司洛尔1 mg/kg组(D2组)。各组患者均以异丙酚1.5 mg/kg为静脉麻醉诱导,D0组患者静脉注射0.9%氯化钠注射液10 ml;D1组患者静脉注射盐酸艾司洛尔注射液0.5 mg/kg;D2组患者静脉注射盐酸艾司洛尔注射液1 mg/kg。观察各组患者插管前及插管后1、3、5 min时的收缩压(SBP)、舒张压(DBP)、心率(HR)及血浆儿茶酚胺水平[去甲肾上腺素(NE)、肾上腺素(E)],并记录不良反应发生情况。结果:与插管前比较,D0组患者插管后1、3、5 min时SBP、DBP、HR均明显升高;D1组患者插管后1 min时SBP、DBP、HR均显著低于D0组,3、5 min时SBP、DBP、HR均显著低于同组插管前及D0组;D2组患者插管后1、3、5 min时SBP、DBP、HR均显著低于同组插管前及D0、D1组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。D1组患者插管后1 min时NE水平显著低于同组插管前,3、5 min时显著高于同组插管前,而1、3、5 min时E水平均显著高于同组插管前;D2组患者插管后1、3、5 min时NE、E水平均显著低于同组插管前,且1、3 min时E水平显著低于D1组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。两组患者均未见明显不良反应发生。结论:艾司洛尔1 mg/kg复合异丙酚用于老年高血压患者胆囊切除术麻醉,可有效缓解气管插管时的心血管应激反应,且安全性较好。%OBJECTIVE:To observe the effects of esmolol and propofol on the endotracheal intubation stress response of hyper-tensive elderly patients with cholecystectomy. METHODS:Totally 36 hypertensive elderly patients with cholecystectomy were ran-domly divided into control group(D0 group),esmolol 0.5 mg/kg group(D1 group

  17. Cholecystectomy with local anesthesia as a resource in the elderly

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the case of a patient presenting with acute cholescystectomy ideally is to remove the gallbladder. Sometimes there are special situations in malnourished elderlies with deterioration of its general status in whom a lengthy anesthesia intervention, even using not much invasive means as the videosurgery, put at risk the life of patient. In such cases the cholescystectomy with local anesthesia is an alternative that must to be taken into account. (author)

  18. Oral Cholecystography and Sonography of Gallbladder in Cholecystectomy Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Robles, Antonio; Devor, Daniel; Wang, Hansen; Warren, Charles

    1987-01-01

    In comparing the diagnostic specificity and sensitivity of oral cholecystography with that of sonography in 479 patients in a community hospital, the oral cholecystogram, when used with a double dose of contrast agent, showed greater specificity (1.00) and sensitivity (0.99) than the sonogram (0.54 and 0.94, respectively). Because of lower cost, the oral cholecystogram should be used as the initial diagnostic study when cholelithiasis is suspected, unless specific contraindications exist.

  19. Cholecystectomy During the Weekend Increases Patients' Length of Hospital Stay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothman, Josephine Philip; Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    30 days between week time and weekend time. A longer postoperative length of stay was observed for patients operated onFridays and Saturdays even though surgical complication rates were alike between weekdays. Patients with acute cholecystitis had a longer length of stay on Saturdays. CONCLUSION: We...

  20. Acalculous Cholecystitis : Is There Any Sonographic Finding to Indicate Cholecystectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhim, Hyun Chul; Lee, Hak Soo; Lee, Tae Hee; Kim, Yong Soo; Koh, Byung Hee; Cho, On Koo [Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-06-15

    To assess clinical courses in patient with acalculous cholecystitis and sonographic criteria to indicate surgical intervention. Authors retrospectively reviewed clinical records and sonograms of 35 patients (aged 26-80 years) who were diagnosed as acalculous cholecystitis. They were confirmed clinically (n = 21) and surgically (n = 14) as acalculous cholecystitis. The clinical courses were assessed in view of the interval of symptom improvement during non-surgical management and after surgical management. Sonographic follow-up in 10 patients of non-surgical group was performed. Comparative assessment of sonographic findings in non-surgical group with those in surgical group was performed in view of gallbladder distension [axial diameter, longitudinal diameter, and roundness index(axial diameter/longitudinal diameter)], gallbladder wall thickening, halo sign, bile sludge, pericholecystic fluid, and sonographic Murphy sign. Acalculous cholecystitis in surgical group showed a tendency to be operated if clinical symptom was not improved after conservative treatment over seven days. Follow-up sonographic findings were also improved in seven of 10non-surgical patients. Although one case showed development of gallstone after 5-years follow-up, no one has been operated due to recurrence of cholecystitis in non-surgical group. We found no significant sonographic criteria except for sonographic murphy sign (33% vs 66% , P<0.05) between non-surgical and surgical groups. No statistically significant differences in longitudinal diameter (6.9{+-}1.6cm vs 7.7{+-}1.9cm : p>0.05), axial diameter(3.2{+-}0.9cm vs 3.3{+-}1.1cm : p>0.05), roundness index (0.47{+-}0.08 vs 0.42{+-}0.9 : p>0.05), wall thickening(4.0{+-}1.9mm vs 4.6{+-}2.5mm : p>0.05), halo sign (95% vs 78% : p>0.05), bile sludge (38% vs 21% : p>0.05),perichole cystic fluid (5% vs 7% :p>0.05) were found between non-surgical and surgical groups. Except for sonographic Murphy sign, any sonographic criteria in acalculous cholecystitis doesn't seem to be helpful to indicate surgical intervention. Conservative management is recommended if there is no significant sign of peritoneal irritation in acalculous cholecystitis

  1. Virtual reality training versus blended learning of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nickel, Felix; Brzoska, Julia Anja; Gondan, Matthias;

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study compared virtual reality (VR) training with low cost blended learning (BL) in a structured training program. Background: Training of laparoscopic skills outside the operating room is mandatory to reduce operative times and risks. Methods: Laparoscopy-naïve medical students...

  2. Preoperative prediction model of outcome after cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borly, L; Anderson, I B; Bardram, Linda; Christensen, E; Sehested, Ane; Kehlet, H; Matzen, Peter; Rehfeld, J F; Stage, P; Toftdahl, D B; Gernow, A; Højgaard, L

    1999-01-01

    sonography evaluated gallbladder motility, gallstones, and gallbladder volume. Preoperative variables in patients with or without postcholecystectomy pain were compared statistically, and significant variables were combined in a logistic regression model to predict the postoperative outcome. RESULTS: Eighty...

  3. Venous gas embolism: An unusual complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Wenham Tim; Graham Donald

    2009-01-01

    Venous gas embolism (VGE) is a rare but potentially lethal complication of many forms of surgery, especially posterior fossa neurosurgery where the incidence is reported to be up to 80% - it can also occur in laparoscopic surgery. It usually occurs early in the procedure during insufflation of the abdomen. Rapid entry or large volumes of gas entering the venous circulation initiate a predictable chain of pathophysiological events which may continue to cardiovascular collapse. Arterial ...

  4. Incidental gallbladder cancer after cholecystectomy: 1990 to 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Chabowski, Mariusz; Dorobisz,Tadeusz; Dorobisz,Karolina; Pawlowski,Wiktor; Janczak, Dawid; Patrzalek, Dariusz; Janczak, Dariusz

    2016-01-01

    Tadeusz Dorobisz,1,2 Karolina Dorobisz,3 Mariusz Chabowski,1,4 Wiktor Pawłowski,1 Dawid Janczak,5 Dariusz Patrzałek,1,2 Dariusz Janczak1,4 1Department of Surgery, 4th Military Teaching Hospital, 2Department of Clinical Basics of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Science, 3Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, 4Department of Surgical Specialties, 5Department of Palliative Care Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland Introduction: Cancer...

  5. Quality of life (GIQLI and laparoscopic cholecystectomy usefulness in patients with gallbladder dysfunction or chronic non-lithiasic biliary pain (chronic acalculous cholecystitis Calidad de vida (GIQLI y utilidad de la colecistectomía laparoscópica en pacientes con disfunción vesicular o dolor crónico biliar alitiásico (colecistitis crónica alitiásica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Planells Roig

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features and role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC in patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC in comparison with a control group of patients who underwent cholecystectomy for chronic calculous cholecystitis (CCC. Material and methods: prospective evaluation of 34 patients with CAC in contrast with 297 patients with CCC. Outcome measures: clinical presentation, quality of life using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI, usefulness derived from the therapeutic procedure as measured in quality of life units by GIQLI, and clinical efficacy at one year of follow-up. Results: the incidence of complicated biliary disease was higher in CAC (27%, in comparison with CCC (13.8%. The histological study of the excised gallbladder revealed a higher incidence of cholesterolosis associated with chronic cholecystitis in the CAC group (64.9%. GIQLI showed significant differences between preoperative and postoperative measurements in both groups. The associated usefulness of LC was similar in both groups (73 versus 67.3 per cent, confirming an important increase in quality of life for both categories. Conclusions: the incidence of CAC is 11 per cent with a high association with cholesterolosis. Quality of life and LC usefulness are similar to those of patients with CCC. Due to the fact that cholecistogammagraphy is a technique not available in daily clinical practice, and that oral cholecystography and dynamic ultrasound are reliable when a positive result is obtained, extended clinical evaluation is still the most reliable indicator for cholecystectomy.Objetivo: evaluar la incidencia, manifestaciones clínicas y el papel de la colecistectomía laparoscópica (CL en pacientes con diagnóstico de colecistitis crónica alitiásica (CCA en comparación con un grupo control de pacientes intervenidos por colecistitis crónica litiásica (CCL. Material y m

  6. 腹腔镜胆囊切除术前磁共振胰胆管成像显示胆囊三角的检查方案优化探讨%Assessment of Calot's triangle before laparoscopic cholecystectomy with MR cholangiopancreatography: Optimization of the examination program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晶晶; 宋彬; 张蓓; 王庆兵; 胡文娟

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate and compare the imaging quality of 7 different MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) sequences with different degrees of respiratory cooperation in patients, in order to optimize MRCP examination program. Methods MRCP examination with 7 different sequences was performed in 100 patients prospectively. According to the cooperation (grade 1-3) of breath holding (B) and respiratory triggering (R), the patients were divided into 9 groups: Group B1R1, B1R2, B1R3, B2R1, B2R2, B2R3, B3R1, B3R2 and B3R3. Qualitative analyses of the Calot's triangle on the reformatted imaging were performed independently by 2 radiologists. The differences of imaging quality among all the groups were evaluated statistically. Results Imaging qualities in 7 different sequences in 9 groups were statistically different (P<0. 01). Fiesta 3D B sequence had the best imaging quality in groups of B1R1, B1R2 and B1R3. Fiesta 3D B, FRFSE 3D B and FRFSE 3D R sequence had better imaging quality for B2R1, B2R2. Fiesta 3D B, FRFSE 3D B sequence had better image quality for B2R3. FRFSE 3D R had the best image quality for B3R1 and B3R2. FRFSE 3D B, SSFSE 2D B Thk had better image quality for B3R3. Conclusion The best MRCP examination program for displaying Calot's triangle before laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is: Fiesta 3D B for patients with the first degree of breath holding; FRFSE 3D R, Fiesta 3D B, FRFSE 3D B for patients with the first degree of breath holding and the first or second degree respiratory triggering, while Fiesta 3D B, FRFSE 3D B for the third degree of respiratory triggering; FRFSE 3D R for patients with the third degree of breath holding and the first or second degree respiratory triggering, while FRFSE 3D B, SSFSE 2D B Thk for the third degree of respiratory triggering.%目的 通过比较7个磁共振胰胆管成像(MRCP)序列在不同患者配合度的情况下胆囊三角的空间显示图像质量,优化MRCP检查方案.方法 对100例患者行7个成像序

  7. Colecistectomia laparoscópica: experiência em 500 casos, enfatizando as vantagens da colecistocolangiografia e da ligadura do ducto e artéria cística utilizando fio de náilon Advantages of cholecystocholangiography and ligature of the cystic duct and artery with nylon suture: analysis of 500 laparoscopic cholecystectomies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Perim

    1999-02-01

    Full Text Available São apresentados os resultados clínicos de quinhentos pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia laparoscópica (CL, com o emprego da colecistocolangiografia intra-operatória e da ligadura do ducto cístico e da artéria cística utilizando- se fio de náilon em vez de clipes metálicos. A maioria (79,4% dos pacientes era do sexo feminino. A média de idade foi de 48,2 anos. Colecistite crônica ocorreu em 424 casos, colecistite aguda em 68, câncer da vesícula em quatro, colecistite alitiásica em três e um paciente apresentava pólipo de vesícula biliar. Coledocolitíase foi detectada em vinte (4% pacientes. O tempo médio de cirurgia foi de 84 minutos. A permanência hospitalar foi de um a dois dias para 93,4% dos pacientes. A mortalidade foi de 0,4%. Conversão se fez necessária em 39 (7,8% casos, principalmente por coledocolitíase (15 pacientes e colecistite aguda (14 pacientes. Complicações importantes ocorreram em 12 (2,4% casos, incluindo uma (0,2% lesão de colédoco. A co1ecistocolangiografia foi satisfatória em 80,5% e inconclusiva em 19,5% dos pacientes. A co1ecistoco1angiografia é uma excelente opção técnica na CL, principalmente nos pacientes com colecistite crônica. Todavia, nos casos com obstrução flagrante do ducto cístico, ou quando a vesícu1a contém barro biliar, é preferível utilizar a colangiografia transcística. Na CL, a ligadura do ducto e da artéria cística com clipes está associada a maiores riscos de coleperitônio e hemorragia, pela soltura dos clipes, além de originar expressivo custo monetário, quando se leva em consideração o grande número de CL realizadas anualmente. Ao contrário dos clipes, a ligadura do ducto e da artéria cística com fio de náilon apresenta absoluta segurança e significativa economia financeira.The authors present the results of 500 laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC, employing intraoperative cholecystocholangiography and the ligature of the gallbladder pedicle

  8. Administração intraperitoneal da mistura com excesso enantiomérico de 50% de bupivacaína (S75-R25 para analgesia pós-operatória em colecistectomias videolaparoscópicas Administración intraperitoneal de la mezcla con exceso enantiomérico de 50% de bupivacaína (S75-R25 para analgesia postoperatoria en colecistectomías videolaparoscópicas Intraperitoneal administration of 50% enantiomeric excess (S75-R25 bupivacaine in postoperative analgesia of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Batista Santos Garcia

    2007-08-01

    40 pacientes sometidos a colecistectomía videolaparoscópica divididos en dos grupos: GI (n = 20 que recibió 80 mL de solución de bupivacaína S75-R25 a 0,125% intraperitoneal al final de la operación; y GII (n = 20 que recibió 80 mL de solución fisiológica a 0,9%. Los dos grupos recibieron 40 mg de tenoxican y 30 mg.kg-1 de dipirona, por vía venosa, poco antes del final de la operación. La analgesia en el postoperatorio (PO se hizo con tramadol. Se evaluaron las puntuaciones de dolor en reposo, al sentarse y en la maniobra de Valsalva, según la escala numérica al despertar y 2, 4, 8, 12 y 24 horas en el PO; la presencia de dolor en el hombro; el tiempo para la primera solicitación del analgésico y su consumo acumulativo. RESULTADOS: Hubo una diferencia estadística significativa entre los puntajes de dolor a las 12 horas en el PO con el paciente en reposo (GI BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The analgesic effect of intraperitoneal administration of local anesthetics after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a controversial issue, and the results described vary from considerable pain relief to little reduction in pain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the intraperitoneal administration of 50% enantiomeric excess bupivacaine (S75-R25 for the postoperative pain relief of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted with 40 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, who were divided in two groups: GI (n = 20 received 80 mL of intraperitoneal 0,125% S75-R25 bupivacaine at the end of the procedure; and GII (n = 20 received 80 mL of intraperitoneal normal saline. Both groups received 40 mg of tenoxicam and 30 mg.kg-1 of intravenous dypirone shortly before the end of the surgery. Tramadol was used for postoperative analgesia (PO. Pain scores were evaluated at rest, sitting up, and during the Valsalva maneuver, according to a numeric scale upon waking up and 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24

  9. Anestesia para colecistectomia videolaparoscópica em paciente portador de Doença de Steinert: relato de caso e revisão de literatura Anestesia para colecistectomía videolaparoscópica en oaciente oortador de Enfermedad de Steinert: relato de caso y revisión de la literatura Anesthesia for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with Steinert Disease: case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flora Margarida Barra Bisinotto

    2010-04-01

    anestesiólogo. Los pacientes presentan una mayor sensibilidad a los fármacos anestésicos y complicaciones, principalmente cardíacas y pulmonares. Además de eso, existe la posibilidad de presentar hipertermia maligna y crisis miotónica. Se ha descrito el caso de un paciente que tuvo una complicación pulmonar importante después de haber sido sometido a la anestesia general. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente de 39 años, portador de DM1, sometido a la anestesia general para colecistectomía videolaparoscópica. La anestesia fue venosa total con propofol y remifentanil y rocuronio. El procedimiento quirúrgico de 90 minutos no presentó intercurrencias, pero después de la extubación, el paciente presentó insuficiencia respiratoria y crisis miotónica, que hizo la intubación traqueal imposible. Se utilizó la máscara laríngea, que posibilitó la oxigenación adecuada, y la ventilación mecánica se mantuvo hasta la recuperación total de la actividad respiratoria. Evolucionó sin otras complicaciones. CONCLUSIONES: La DM1 es una enfermedad que presenta varias peculiaridades para el anestesiólogo. El conocimiento minucioso de su involucración sistémica, asociado a la acción diferenciada de los fármacos anestésicos en esos pacientes, proporcionará un acto anestésico-quirúrgico más seguro.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Myotonic dystrophies are autosomal dominant neuromuscular diseases. Among them, myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1, or Steinert disease, is the most common in adults, and besides muscular involvement it also has important systemic manifestations. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 poses a challenge to the anesthesiologist. Those patients are more sensitive to anesthetics and prone to cardiac and pulmonary complications. Besides, the possibility of developing malignant hyperthermia and myotonic episodes is also present. CASE REPORT: This is a 39-year old patient with DM1 who underwent general anesthesia for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy. Total intravenous

  10. Tubo laríngeo com sucção descartável versus reutilizável para ventilação de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica Tubo laríngeo con succión desechable versus reutilizable para la ventilación de pacientes sometidos a la colecistectomía laparoscópica Disposable versus reusable laryngeal tube suction for ventilation in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afshin Amini

    2010-02-01

    condiciones con presión intraabdominal elevada con los dos dispositivos.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The laryngeal tube suction II (LTS-II is a recent version of reusable supraglottic airway devices allowing gastric drainage. In this prospective, randomized study we compared insertion and ventilation of disposable LTS-II (LTS-D with reusable type (LTS-II for airway management under conditions with elevated intra abdominal pressure induced by capnoperitoneum. METHODS: 60 ASA I and II patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized to receive either a LTS-D (n=30 or LTS-II (n=30 for airway management. After induction of general anaesthesia the devices were inserted, their correct placement was verified and airway leak pressure was measured. Ease of insertion, quality of airway seal, fiberoptic view, risk of gastric insufflation, insertion of nasogastric tube and postoperative pharyngeal morbidity were examined. RESULTS: First time and second time success rates were comparable for both groups (86% vs. 93% and 96% vs. 96% in LTS-D and LTS-II groups, respectively. One patient in each group could not be intubated after three attempts. After gas insufflation, ventilation of one patient in LTS-D and 2 patients in LTS-II groups was faulty and the patients were intubated with endotracheal tube. Time until delivery of first tidal volume for LTS-D and LTS-II was 20.8 ± 11.6 s, and 18.2 ± 4.8 seconds respectively (p = 0.27, fixation and manipulation time was 73.3 ± 18.5 and 65.5 ± 16.2 seconds, respectively (p = 0.096. Nasogastric tube insertion was successful in all patients. There were no significant differences in postoperative complaints. CONCLUSIONS: Both devices provide a secure airway under conditions of elevated intra abdominal pressure.

  11. Síndrome coronariana aguda em paciente com doença coronariana de alto risco no pós-operatório de colecistectomia videolaparoscópica Síndrome coronario agudo en paciente con enfermedad coronaria de alto riesgo en el postoperatorio de colecistectomía videolaparoscópica Acute coronary syndrome in a patient with severe coronary artery disease after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Bechara de Souza Hobaika

    2007-08-01

    old, with diabetes, hypertension, and coronary artery disease underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesthesia was induced with propofol, cisatracurium, and remifentanil and maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil. During closure of the abdominal wall, the patient became hypotensive without ECG changes. The rate of remifentanil infusion was increased and, after five minutes, the patient developed complete atrioventricular block and reduction in mean arterial pressure (MAP. After the administration of 1.0 mg of atropine and 0.1 mg of adrenaline, the patient developed temporary tachycardia and MAP returned to normal. He was transferred to the ICU awake and after being extubated; after 12 hours, the patient complained of chest pain and the ECG demonstrated depression of the ST segment from V4 to V6. The echocardiogram demonstrated good systolic function without segmental changes. The CPK-MB curve was normal. The patient was treated with the protocol for unstable angina. CONCLUSIONS: The patient presented a high risk for postoperative ischemia and underwent a surgical procedure with important hemodynamic changes. It is known that perioperative hemodynamic instability in patients with coronary artery disease increase the risk of postoperative coronary syndrome, which may happen up to 72 hours after the procedure and, in the majority of the cases, it is silent. The preoperative administration of beta-blockers and, more recently, statins have proved to be effective in reducing perioperative ischemia in these patients.

  12. Inhibition of human gall bladder mucus synthesis in patients undergoing cholecystectomy.

    OpenAIRE

    Rhodes, M; A. Allen; Dowling, R. H.; Murphy, G; Lennard, T W

    1992-01-01

    Hypersection of gall bladder mucus is associated with gall stone formation in animal models. Aspirin inhibits both mucus synthesis and secretion, prevents gall stone formation in animals and reduces gall stone recurrence in man after dissolution therapy. Mucus biosynthesis in human gall bladder mucosal explants is inhibited by aspirin in vitro. We have studied the effects of aspirin in vivo. Fifty five patients with functioning gall bladder and stones have been randomised, 27 to group 1 (aspi...

  13. Preoperative oral dextromethorphan does not reduce pain or morphine consumption after open cholecystectomy

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    Mahmoodzadeh Hossein

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dextromethorphan, the D-isomer of the codeine analog levorphanol, is a weak, noncompetitive N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA receptor antagonist. It has been suggested that NMDA receptor antagonists induce preemptive analgesia when administered before tissue injury occurs, thus decreasing the subsequent sensation of pain. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the Dr. Ali Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, between February 2005 and December 2006. In this study, 72 patients scheduled for elective cholesyctectomy were randomized into three groups to receive either oral dextromethorphan 45 mg (Group D45 = 24, dextromethorphan 90 mg (Group D90 = 24, or placebo (Group C, n = 24, as premedication, 120 minutes before surgery. A visual analog scale (VAS for pain of each patient was measured at arrival in the ward and six and 24 hours after surgery. Results: The demographic characteristics of patients, ASA physical status class, duration of surgery, and the basal VAS pain score were similar in the two groups. There was no significant difference in the mean of the VAS pain scores measured over time or morphine consumption among the three groups. Conclusion: Dextromethorphan 45 mg and 90 mg, administrated orally, two hours before surgery, had no effect on postoperative morphine requirement and pain intensity.

  14. Randomized study of coagulation and fibrinolysis during and after gasless and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, J F; Ejstrud, P; Svendsen, F;

    2001-01-01

    of prothrombin fragment 1 and 2 (F1 + 2), soluble fibrin and D-dimer did not differ between the two groups. F1 + 2 levels varied significantly in both groups during and after operation (P < 0.001). Soluble fibrin and D-dimer levels did not change during operation in either group, but after operation...

  15. Intraperitoneal instillation of saline and local anesthesia for prevention of shoulder pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donatsky, Anders Meller; Bjerrum, Flemming; Gögenür, Ismayil

    2013-01-01

    instillation (IPI) of saline and local anesthesia (LA) to minimize SP. METHODS: A search of the literature was conducted using PubMed and Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE). Eligibility criteria were: randomized clinical trials (RCT) evaluating IPI of saline and/or LA to minimize incidence or severity of SP...

  16. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF QTC INTERVAL CHANGES WITH INTRAVENOUS ONDANSETRON AND PALONOSETRON IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING LAPROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

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    Anju

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Post - operative nausea and vomiting (PONV is a common and distressing symptom after surgery performed under general anesthesia. 5HT 3 antagonists are routinely used for PONV but are dreaded to cause QTc interval prolongation. The aim of our study was to compare the incidence of QTc interval prolongation and quantify the amount of QTc prolongation from the baseline value with IV ondansetron and Palonosetron when given for PONV prevention. 60 patients undergoing elective laproscopic surgery for cholelithiasis were randomly divided into 2 groups of 30 patients each and received 4mg of Ondansetron and 0.075mg of Palonosetron intravenously respectively before induction of anesthesia. Intraoperatively serial ECG was recorded at various intervals 0min, 3min, 15min, 1hr and 2hrs along with other routine monitoring and QTc was calculated in secs by Bazett Formula. RESULTS: The QTc interval was prolonged in Ondansetron group at all - time intervals as compared to Palonosetron group where prolongation was observed only at 3 min though this difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05 . The difference between Ondansetron and Palonosetron group was comparable.

  17. Less surgical experience has no impact on mortality and morbidity after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothman, Josephine P; Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Bardram, Linda; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    were evaluated. RESULTS: Surgical inexperience was not a risk factor for mortality and morbidity. The risk of conversion was however higher when the patients were operated by more experienced surgeons with an odds ratio of 1.80 (95% confidence interval, 1.51-2.14). Surgical inexperience was not a risk...

  18. Psychological and physical stress among experienced and inexperienced surgeons during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars Peter Holst; Klein, Mads; Gögenur, Ismail;

    2012-01-01

    : Surgical procedures are mentally and physically demanding, and stress during surgery may compromise patient safety. We investigated the impact of surgical experience on surgeons' stress levels and how perioperative sleep quality may influence surgical performance....

  19. The Risk of Depression in Patients With Cholelithiasis Before and After Cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Te-Chun; Lai, Hsueh-Chou; Huang, Yu-Jhen; Lin, Cheng-Li; Sung, Fung-Chang; Kao, Chia-Hung

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The association between cholelithiasis and depression remains unclear. We examined the risk of depression in patients with cholelithiasis. From the National Health Insurance population claims data of Taiwan, we identified 14071 newly diagnosed cholelithiasis patients (4969 symptomatic and 9102 asymptomatic) from 2000 to 2010. For each cholelithiasis patient, 4 persons without cholelithiasis were randomly selected in the control cohort from the general population frequency matched by ...

  20. Bispectral index monitoring in isoflurane anesthesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy of morbid obese patients

    OpenAIRE

    Mitra Golmohammadi; Mehdi Abasgholizadeh

    2014-01-01

    Background: Morbid obesity is associated with a some of significant comorbidities. Early and uneventful postoperative recovery of obese patients remains a challenge for anesthesiologists. It seems Bispecteral Index (BIS) monitoring may reduce drug usage and hasten recovery time in inhalation anesthesia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BIS monitoring on intraoperative isoflurane utilization and the early recovery profile. Methods: Fifty morbidly obese adult patients (...

  1. Iatrogenic gall bladder perforations in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: an audit of 200 cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zubair, M; Habib, L; Mirza, M R;

    2010-01-01

    gall bladder, presence of adhesions in the right upper quadrant, timing of perforation, site of perforation, cause of perforation and spillage of stones were recorded. Data was entered and analyzed on SPSS 15. Pearson Chi Square test was applied to check the significance of these factors in IGBP where...

  2. Spontaneous postoperative choledochoduodenal fistula due to bile duct injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Sezgin Yilmaz

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: In the present case we have reported a case of Bismuth type 2 (Strasberg type E2 injury in which the biliary drainage was closed spontaneously with the formation of spontaneous biliary-duodenal fistula. It is an extremely interesting case that has not been reported in the literature previously.

  3. Avaliação hemodinâmica e metabólica da infusão contínua de dexmedetomidina e de remifentanil em colecistectomia videolaparoscópica: estudo comparativo Evaluación hemodinámica y metabólica de la infusión continua de dexmedetomidina y de remifentanil en colecistectomia videolaparoscópica: estudio comparativo Hemodynamic and metabolic evaluation of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil continuous infusion in videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy: comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thatiany Pereira Chaves

    2003-08-01

    este estudio, la dexmedetomidina inhibió la liberación de catecolaminas durante la intubación orotraqueal y el pneumoperitoneo, sin embargo, no impidió el aumento de la presión arterial en respuesta a la insuflación peritoneal.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dexmedetomidine has been used for sedation and as coadjuvant drug in general anesthesia. This study aimed at evaluating cardiovascular and sympathetic-adrenal responses to tracheal intubation and pneumoperitoneum inflation with dexmedetomidine, as compared to remifentanil during anesthesia with sevoflurane for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Forty two physical status ASA I or II patients, aged 25 to 55 years, were randomly distributed in two groups: GI and GII. Anesthesia was induced with 1 µg.kg-1 dexmedetomidine (GI or remifentanil (GII continuous infusion for 10 minutes, followed by propofol and cisatracurium. Anesthesia was maintained with 0.7 µg.kg-1.h-1 dexmedetomidine or 0.5 µg.kg-1.h-1 remifentanil continuous infusion and different sevoflurane concentrations. SBP, DBP and HR were recorded in the following moments: M1 - before initial drug infusion; M2 - after end of initial drug infusion; M3 - after tracheal intubation; M4 - before pneumoperitoneum; M5 - after pneumoperitoneum; M6 - five minutes after pneumoperitoneum deflation; M7 - after tracheal extubation. Epinephrine and norepinephrine were dosed in M4, M5 and M6. Sevoflurane expired concentration (EC, EC/MAC ratio and sevoflurane consumption were recorded in M4, M5 and M6. RESULTS: SBP and DBP variations were higher in the dexmedetomidine group in M4 and M5. HR, epinephrine and norepinephrine levels were similar between groups. Sevoflurane EC was higher in M4 and M6 for GI, as well as EC/MAC ratio. There has been a higher sevoflurane consumption in GI, with a trend to less analgesics and anti-emetics consumption. CONCLUSIONS: In the conditions of our study, dexmedetomidine has inhibited catecholamine release during tracheal intubation

  4. Effect of thoracic epidural etidocaine 1.5% on somatosensory evoked potentials, cortisol and glucose during cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, J B; Rosenberg, J; Kehlet, H

    1992-01-01

    patients. Spread of analgesia (pin-prick) was T3 (T1-T3) to L2 (T11-L3) 35 min after injection of etidocaine, and T3 (T2-T4) to T12 (T8-L4) 3 h after surgical incision (median (range)). Before operation, epidural etidocaine had no significant effects on peak-to-peak amplitude of SEPs to electrical...

  5. Post-operative recovery profile after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective, observational study of a multimodal anaesthetic regime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, K; Kehlet, H; Lund, Claus Michael;

    2007-01-01

    University Hospital between 15 March and 30 September 2005 were included in the study. The standardized, evidence-based regime consisted of total intravenous (i.v.) anaesthesia (propofol-remifentanil), well-defined fluid therapy, dexamethasone, ketorolac, ondansetron, sufentanil and incisional bupivacaine...... intra-operatively, and in the PACU on demand (prn) administration of sufentanil, morphine, paracetamol, ondansetron, droperidol, oral fluids and oxygen (if SpO(2) < 93%) with PACU discharge using a modified Aldrete score. RESULTS: Protocol violations were moderate and occurred unsystematically, 8% had...

  6. Cost-utility and value-of-information analysis of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, E; Gurusamy, K; Gluud, C;

    2010-01-01

    value-of-information analysis estimated the likely return from further investment in research in this area. RESULTS:: ELC is less costly (approximately - pound820 per patient) and results in better quality of life (+0.05 QALYs per patient) than DLC. Given a willingness-to-pay threshold of pound20 000...... better quality of life than DLC. Future research should focus on quality-of-life measures alone. Copyright (c) 2009 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd....

  7. DEXMEDETOMIDINE DECREASES PROPOFOL DOSE REQUIREMENT FOR INDUCTION OF ANAESTHESIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY CONDUCTED ON PATIENTS UNDERGOING LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhana

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α - 2 agonist with properties of sedation, analgesia and anxiolysis. We conducted this study on dexmedetomidine to evaluate its effect in reducing dose of propofol for induction of anaesthesia. A prospective, double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted on 100 patients of ASA I and II statu s of both sexes in the age group of 20 - 60 years. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups: Group A(n=50 that received dexmedetomidine loading dose of 1μ g /kg wt.(50ml over 10 minutes that was given 15 minutes prior to induction of anaesthesia and Group B(n=50 received same volume (50 ml of 0.9% normal saline(NS as placebo. Dose requirement of propofol was calculated at induction maintaining BIS of 40 - 60. It was observed that mean requirement of propofol for induction of anaesthesia was reduced to 50.6% in group A patients as compared to group B patients. CONCLUSION: Induction dose of propofol is significantly decreased after administration of dexmedetomidine.

  8. ASCARIASIS AND COEXISTANT STONE IN COMMON BILE DUCT IN POST CHOLECYSTECTOMY POST CHOLEDOCHOLITHOTOMY WOMAN: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Ascariasis is one of the commonest infections in Asia. Biliary ascariasis is a serious presentation of ascariasis which can result in life threatening complications including cholangitis, choledocholithiasis, Liver abscess, and Pancreatitis. We present a case of female from north Bihar who presented to us with biliary ascariasis and concomitant stone. Diagnosis was established by abdominal ultrasonography. Choledocholithotomy done and a live round worm with two biliary stone extracted.

  9. ASCARIASIS AND COEXISTANT STONE IN COMMON BILE DUCT IN POST CHOLECYSTECTOMY POST CHOLEDOCHOLITHOTOMY WOMAN: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Khalid,; Mahendra; Pradeep; Krishna; Vibhuti; Haque; Sanjay; Vijayanand,; Sangeeta

    2014-01-01

    Ascariasis is one of the commonest infections in Asia. Biliary ascariasis is a serious presentation of ascariasis which can result in life threatening complications including cholangitis, choledocholithiasis, Liver abscess, and Pancreatitis. We present a case of female from north Bihar who presented to us with biliary ascariasis and concomitant stone. Diagnosis was established by abdominal ultrasonography. Choledocholithotomy done and a live round worm with two biliary stone ...

  10. Colecistectomia laparoscópica em cirróticos Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with liver cirrhosis

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Roberto Ott Fontes; Ângelo Alves de Mattos; Rene Jacobsen Eilers; Mauro Nectoux; Jorge Olavo Pitta Pinheiro

    2002-01-01

    RACIONAL: Inicialmente considerada contra-indicação à laparoscopia cirúrgica, a cirrose hepática tem sido achado ocasional observado durante este procedimento. Pequenas séries de colecistectomia em pacientes com cirrose sugerem que a maioria dos cirurgiões ainda considera esta como contra-indicação à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a experiência do Serviço de Gastroenterologia Clínica e Cirúrgica do Complexo Hospitalar da Santa Casa de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, no ...

  11. Comparison of the effects of continuous intrapleural vs epidural administration of 0.5% bupivacaine on pain, metabolic response and pulmonary function following cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scott, N B; Mogensen, T; Bigler, D; Kehlet, H

    1989-01-01

    , pulmonary function and the surgical stress response. As assessed by the visual analogue scale (VAS), both groups received good but not total pain relief. Both groups had a 50% reduction in forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) after operation, and...... there was no observed effect on the stress response as measured by plasma glucose and cortisol. It is concluded that while both techniques provide good analgesia, the degree and extent of nerve blockade are not sufficient to affect the afferent neurogenic stimuli responsible for the observed effects on...... pulmonary function and the stress response....

  12. Effects of combined perioperative epidural bupivacaine and morphine, ibuprofen, and incisional bupivacaine on postoperative pain, pulmonary, and endocrine-metabolic function after minilaparotomy cholecystectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, J B; Hjortsø, N C; Stage, J G;

    1994-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES. The study investigates the effects of combined perioperative continuous epidural bupivacaine and morphine, ibuprofen, and incisional bupivacaine, compared with intermittent systemic morphine, ibuprofen, and incisional bupivacaine, on postoperative pain, respiratory...... bupivacaine and morphine during 38 hours after the operation, or general anesthesia with morphine intramuscular for pain relief every 6-8 hours after the operation. All patients received ibuprofen before the operation until 6 days after the operation, and preoperative infiltration of the surgical field with...

  13. Total Intravenous Versus Inhalation Anesthesia in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomies. Effects on Two Proinflammatory Cytokines Serum Levels: Il-32 and TNF-Alfa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadade Adina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It has been reported that as compared with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA, inhalation anesthesia is increasing the postoperative level of proinflammatory interleukins.

  14. Alterações funcionais respiratórias na colecistectomia por via laparoscópica Functional respiratory changes in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    LUCIANA DIAS CHIAVEGATO; JOSÉ ROBERTO JARDIM; SONIA MARIA FARESIN; YARA JULIANO

    2000-01-01

    Objetivo: Estudar as alterações da ventilação e volumes pulmonares e da força muscular respiratória no pós-operatório de colecistectomia por via laparoscópica. Tipo de estudo: Estudo prospectivo. Material e métodos: Foram avaliados 20 pacientes provenientes da enfermaria de gastrocirurgia da Unifesp, com média de idade 42,7 anos, sendo 7 (35%) homens e 13 (65%) mulheres. No período pré-operatório todos foram submetidos a um questionário clínico, exame físico, radiografia de tórax, espirometri...

  15. Ultrasound-guided thoracic epidural and paravertebral blocks for cholecystectomy in pediatric patients with a cyanotic heart disease: A randomized controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala M.S. ELdeen

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: Both blocks have the same analgesic efficacy but the paravertebral block is superior on epidural block in maintaining hemodynamic stability and improving the oxygenation in pediatrics with a cyanotic heart diseases.

  16. Fentanyl and fentanyl plus lidocaine on attenuation of haemodynamic stress response to laryngoscopy: a comparative study in controlled hypertensive patients posted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Basant Kumar; Khagaswar Raut; Sidharth Sraban Routray

    2015-01-01

    Background: Endotracheal intubation may create a period of hemodynamic instability in normotensive patients but more so in hypertensive patients. Endotracheal intubation produces stimulation of laryngeal and tracheal sensory receptors, resulting in a marked increase in the elaboration of sympathetic amines leading to hypertensive crisis. The objective of study is to evaluate and compare the efficacy of fentanyl and fentanyl plus lidocaine in attenuating the stress responses to laryngoscopy...

  17. Efficacy and safety of auricular point acupressure treatment for gastrointestinal dysfunction after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Tan, Yuhua; Zhao, Ye; He, Tian; Ma, Yueshen; Cai, Wang; Wang, Yandong

    2016-01-01

    Background Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine know that auricular point acupressure (APP) using vaccaria seeds on the large intestine point (CO7) has a significant effect on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction. A standardized, clinical, research design will transform this clinical experience into scientific evidence, thus providing a basis to promote the wider use of this therapy. We aim to carry out a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the efficacy...

  18. Nepričakovani karcinom žolčnika in postopki pri laparoskopski holecistektomiji: Incidental carcinoma of the gallbladder and proceedings during laparoscopic cholecystectomy:

    OpenAIRE

    Malavašič, Rok; Mušič, Mark; Sever, Marko

    2006-01-01

    Background. An estimated one percent of patients operated on for symptomatic gallstones harbour an occult adenocarcinoma. The therapy for incidental carcinoma is based on histopathological staging, which underscores the key role of pathologists in cancer management. Aim. In order to amend the diagnostic and therapeutic standards followed, outcomes of patients treated atthis Department were compared wi.th the results reported by other authors. Patients and Methods. In the past four years (2001...

  19. Analysis of endoscope pathological changes after cholecystectomy in 27 cases%27例胆囊切除术后内镜病变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘家凤

    2001-01-01

    @@ 为了探讨胆囊切除术后患者再度出现上消化道症状,我院消化科对27例胆囊切除术后内镜病变作一分析,旨在发现术后与胃部病变关系. 1临床资料 病例取自1989年1月~2000年10月,27例均为胆囊切除术后患者.女16例,男11例,年龄33岁~72岁,平均年龄51.8岁.

  20. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in children:with a report of 14 cases%小儿腹腔镜胆囊切除术14例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓天工; 孔繁华; 李卫清; 秦芳蕖

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨小儿胆囊结石的诊断、围手术期处理特点、术式选择及术中注意事项.方法:回顾分析2003年11月至2011年7月为14例结石性胆囊炎患儿行腹腔镜手术的临床资料.结果:14例手术均获成功,手术时间平均24 min,平均住院6.7d,无手术并发症发生.结论:小儿结石性胆囊炎发病率较低,且有其自身的病理生理特点,围手术期应施行个体化处理措施.腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者创伤小、康复快,可作为治疗小儿结石性胆囊炎的首选术式.%Objective: To discuss the diagnosis, perioperation management characteristic, the rugery mode selection and intraop-erative announcement of the children cholecystolithiasis. Methods: A retrospectively analysis on the clinical data of 14 children with calculus cholecystitis who underwent LC from Nov. 2003 to Jul. 2011 was performed. Results: Forteen cases of surgery were performed successfully, the average surgery time,hospitalization was 24 min,6. 7 days respectively,no complications occurred. Conclusions:The incidence rate of children acalculous cholecystitis is low. The disease with pathology physiology characteristic should be treated by individual measures,LC can be the first choice to cure children acalculous cholcaytitis.

  1. Diagnosis Experience of After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Method Jaundice%腹腔镜胆囊切除术后黄疸的诊治体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兴建; 康欣; 赵良松

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨腹腔镜胆囊切除(LC)后黄疸的原因、预防措施及处理方法。方法回顾分析性本院4362例LC后发生黄疸的36例临床资料并结合文献进行总结。结果内科性黄疸16例,梗阻性黄疸20例(包括胆道损伤7例,胆总管结石9例,胆道蛔虫2例,原因不明2例)。开腹手术中1例患者继发腹腔脓肿转上级医院治疗,其余治愈。结论LC后黄疸与许多因素有关,十分复杂,我们必须详细全面的检查以明确诊断,区分梗阻性黄疸与内科性黄疸。梗阻性黄疸以胆管损伤和胆道结石为主要原因,内科性黄疸与术前患者的肝功能状况、中气腹压力大小、手术时间长短密切相关,当诊断不明确时,处理应更为谨慎,强调对发生黄疸病例的处理采用个体化原则。%Objective To summarize the reasons and treatmen ts of jaundice after LC.Methods  After review analytical this courtyard 4362 example LC has the jaundice 36 example clinical material and unifies the literature to carry on the summary. Results  The internal medicine department jaundice 16 examples, the obstruction jaundice 20 examples (damage 7 examples including biliary duct, choledoch stone 9 examples, biliary duct roundworm 2 examples, reason unclear 2 examples).In 36 examples opens abdomen surgery 1 to continue sends the abdominal cavity abscess to transfer the higher authority hospital treatment, other cure. Conclusion  After LC jaundice associated with many factors, very complex, we have a detailed and comprehensive checks to a definitive diagnosis, the distinction between obstructive jaundice and jaundice of internal medicine. Obstructive jaundice and biliary calculus of bile duct injury as the main reason, internal preoperative liver function status in patients with jaundice, pneumoperitoneal pressure closely related to size, length of operation, when the diagnosis is not clear, its treatment should be more cautious, emphasizing the principles of handling individual cases of jaundice occurs.

  2. Comparison of effects of intraoperative esmolol and ketamine infusion on acute postoperative pain after remifentanil-based anesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Mi Hyeon; Chung, Mi Hwa; Han, Cheol Sig; Lee, Jeong Hyun; Choi, Young Ryong; Choi, Eun Mi; Lim, Hyun Kyung; Cha, Young Duk

    2014-01-01

    Background Remifentanil is a short-acting drug with a rapid onset that is useful in general anesthesia. Recently, however, it has been suggested that the use of opioids during surgery may cause opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). Researchers have recently reported that esmolol, an ultra-short-acing β1 receptor antagonist, reduces the postoperative requirement for morphine and provides more effective analgesia than the administration of remifentanil and ketamine. Hence, this study was conducted...

  3. Risk Factors for Perioperative Anxiety in Laparoscopic Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Ay, Aybala Agac; ULUCANLAR, Haluk; Ay, Ahmet; Ozden, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Our aim is to investigate the anxiety status of the patient before elective cholecystectomy and to analyze the relation between the level of anxiety for a given operation type (laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy) and the corresponding demographic and social data. Methods: A total of 333 patients undergoing cholecystectomy due to cholelithiasis were included in the study; 218 patients (66.1%) received laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 115 patients (33.9%) were trea...

  4. Endoscopic ultrasound-assisted transmural cholecystoduodenostomy or cholecystogastrostomy as a bridge for per-oral cholecystoscopy therapy using double-flanged fully covered metal stent

    OpenAIRE

    Ge, Nan; Sun, Siyu; Sun, Shiwei; Wang, Sheng; Liu, Xiang; Wang, Guoxin

    2016-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the ‘gold standard’ for the treatment of symptomatic gallstones. Innovative methods are being introduced, and these procedures include transgastric or transcolonic endoscopic cholecystectomy. However, before clinical implementation, instruments still need modification, and a more convenient treatment is still needed. Moreover, some gallbladders still have good functionality and cholecystectomy may be associated with various complications...

  5. Ondansetron-droperidol combination vs. ondansetron or droperidol monotherapy in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting

    OpenAIRE

    Matsota, Paraskevi; Angelidi, Maria; Pandazi, Aggeliki; Tzirogiannis, Konstantinos N; Panoutsopoulos, Georgios I; Kostopanagiotou, Georgia

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. In this study we investigated comparatively the efficacy of combination therapy with ondansetron plus droperidol versus monotherapy with each agent alone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting following elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Material and methods One hundred twenty-seven patients who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesi...

  6. Indications for application of self-controlled analgetic pomp after cholecystectomy%探讨胆囊切除术后应用自控镇痛泵的适应证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓彤; 谭文军; 冉明辉

    2003-01-01

    @@ 近年来镇痛泵在临床普遍使用,其自身的优点及确切镇痛效果得到肯定,但亦出现一些不良结果,特别是胆囊切除术后导致胆汁漏延误诊治.我院1998年5月~2002年12月,于单纯胆囊切除术后应用镇痛泵482例,其中发生胆漏延误诊治5例及其他并发症,现进行回顾性分析,以探讨镇痛泵合理应用的指征.

  7. COMPARA TIVE EVALUATION OF THREE DIFFERENT DOSES OF INTRAVENOUS CLONIDINE 1mcg/kg, 2mcg/kg, 3mcg/kg FOR HEMODYNAMIC STUDY IN PATIENTS UNDERGOI NG LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surendra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available CLONIDINE , an imidazoline deriva tive and alpha - 2 agonist causes sedation , anxiolysis , antisalivation , analgesia and provides hemodynamic s tability. The aim of our study wa s to compare the three different doses of intravenous clonidine 1 microgram per kilogram , 2 microgram per kilogram , 3 microgram per kilogram in patient s undergoing laparos copic surgeries. Forty five patients were grouped equally in Group C1 , C2 , and C3 , who received intravenous clonidine 1 microgram per kilogram , 2 microgram per kilogram and 3 microgram per kilogram respecti vely. Hemodynamic variables, associated complicati on s and side - effects were recorded. It was found that intravenous clonidine 2 microgram per kilogram is the most appropriate dose for attenuating hemodynamic response to pneumoperitonium without any associated significant side - effect s /complications.

  8. Colecistectomía videolaparoscópica II : evaluación prospectiva de los primeros 328 casos en Medellín Veideolaparoscopic cholecystectomy: experience with 328 cases in Medellín, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Juan J. Uribe; Adolfo L. Uribe; Luis S. Sierra; Carlos Mario Salinas Q.; Juan G. Aristizábal; Nelson Ramírez B.; Juan Manuel Sierra J.; Carlos Hernando Morales Uribe; Guillermo L. Velásquez; Francisco Vélez L.

    1994-01-01

    Se presenta la experiencia de los primeros 328 casos de colecistectomía laparoscópica en Medellín, realizados entre septiembre 18 de 1991 y mayo 18 de 1993, por el grupo CIGLA (cirujanos laparoscopistas de Antioquia). El grupo de pacientes estuvo formado por 252 mujeres (76.8%) y 76 hombres (23.2%) con edades comprendidas entre 14 y 85 aíios. Se intervinieron 274 casos (83.5%) como cirugía programada y 54 de urgencia por colecistitis aguda (16.5%). Fue necesario convertir el procedimiento a c...

  9. The prophylaxis and treatment with ondansetron for the prevention of nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy%腹腔镜胆囊切除术后恶心呕吐的防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴传新; 龚建平; 刘长安; 李生伟; 石毓君; 时吉庆

    2005-01-01

    目的探讨腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)后恶心、呕吐反应的预防和治疗方法.方法 120例慢性结石性胆囊炎患者,男60例,女60例,均在全麻下接受常规LC手术.将其随机分为术前用药组40例、术后用药组40例和对照组40例,分别于麻醉前30min静脉注射盐酸蒽丹西酮8mg、麻醉清醒后立即给予静脉注射盐酸蒽丹西酮8mg和不给予任何镇吐药.用药后观察48h,观察恶心、呕吐反应的发生情况和药物的不良反应.若患者出现恶心、呕吐,再给予静脉注射盐酸蒽丹西酮8mg治疗.结果术前用药组、术后用药组和对照组的恶心、呕吐发生率分别为27.5%、10%和50%,术后用药组的恶心、呕吐发生率明显低于术前用药组和对照组(P<0.05),术前用药组的恶心、呕吐发生率也明显低于对照组(P<0.05);120例患者共有35例发生恶心、呕吐反应,再次静脉注射盐酸蒽丹西酮8mg后,有31例患者得到控制(88%).未观察到任何药物的不良反应.结论盐酸蒽丹西酮能安全有效地预防和治疗LC术后恶心、呕吐反应的发生.

  10. Clinical observation on ondansetron in preventing nausea and vomiting after cholecystectomy under abdominoscope%恩丹西酮预防腹腔镜胆囊切除术后恶心呕吐的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李友清; 郭曲练; 傅迪

    1999-01-01

    为研究恩丹西酮对腹腔镜下胆囊切除术后恶心呕吐的防治作用,随机选择60例择期该术患者,分为安慰剂组(生理盐水,n=30)和恩丹西酮组(8mg,n=30),诱导前静脉注射安慰剂或恩丹西酮,双盲法观察术后24h抗恶心和呕吐效果.结果示,用药组恶心、呕吐发生率(33.3%,26.7%)明显低于安慰剂组(73.7%,66.7%)(P<0.05).两组患者的平均动脉压、血氧饱和度、呼吸频率和心率无明显改变.提示恩丹西酮适于腹腔镜胆囊切除术后恶心、呕吐的防治.

  11. A comparison of curative effect between total Intravenous Anesthesia and combined intravenous with inhalation anesthesia in patients with Iarparoscopic cholecystectomy%静脉麻醉在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖霖; 张帆; 董美荣

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究异丙酚和芬太尼全凭静脉麻醉在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中(LC)的应用及其效果.方法 择期LC手术患者100例随机分为静吸复合麻醉组(A组)50例和全凭静脉麻醉组(B组)50例.记录麻醉诱导前、气腹前和气腹后10 min、气腹毕和术毕的心率(HR)、收缩压(SBP)、舒张压(DBP)和脉搏血氧饱和度(SpO2)及停止麻醉至拔管的时间、拔管时的清醒程度.结果 A组气腹后10 min HR(96.8±13.5)次·min-1、SBP(142.5±14.3)mmHg、DBP(93.0±14.3)mmHg均高于麻醉诱导前(82.3±12.5)次·min-1、(129.0±21.7)mmHg、(77.3±13.5)mmHg(P0.05);B组患者术毕睁眼时间(6.5±1.5)min、拔管时间(11.5±1.4)min、术后恶心呕吐3例、术后8 h VAS值(2.8±1.1)均低于A组(10.5±2.8)min、(25.2±9.5)min、12例、(5.4±2.1)(P0.05); B group patients completed the opening time(6.5±1.5) min、extubation time (11.5±1.4) min、pestoperative nausea and vomiting in 3 cases,after 8 h VAS value of (2.8±1.1) in group B were lower than the (10.5±2.8) min,(25.2±9.5)min,12 cases(5.4±2.1) in group A(t =2. 411, P <0.05). Conclusion The application of TIVA to LC anesthetic effect is satisfaction.

  12. Application value of selective intraoperative cholangiography in laparoscopic cholecystectomy%选择性术中胆道造影在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李根丛; 李宏; 鲍生甫

    2000-01-01

    @@ 胆囊切除术中胆道造影(IOC)是常规应用还是选择性应用的争议,从开腹胆囊切除(OC)时代一直延续到腹腔镜胆囊切除(LC)时代.在LC开展的早期,胆管损伤的发生率较高,由于IOC被认为不仅可以预防结石残留而且可以防止胆管损伤,常规IOC得到了大力提倡.对于选择性IOC能否有效地防止结石残留及IOC对医源性胆管损伤有无预防价值的认识是决定采取常规IOC或选择性IOC的关键.我院自1995年开展LC以来选择性地施行IOC,获得了满意的效果,现报告如下.

  13. 术中胆道造影在腹腔镜胆囊切除术中发现胆道损伤的作用%Intraoperative diagnosis of bile duct injury by cholangiography during laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李立波; Finley; RK; 等

    2002-01-01

    目的 评估术中胆道造影(IOC)在早期发现腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)术中胆道损伤的作用. 方法 回顾分析31例LC术后胆道损伤的部位、机理、诊断时间、治疗方法 及结果 ,并对是否行IOC 进行评估. 结果 胆道错认引起胆道损伤共19例,其中12例IOC显示胆道错认,致胆道部分切开损伤,腹腔镜下行Ⅰ期修复或开腹修复、T管引流,但无并发症;19例中3例IOC误读及4例未行IOC患者中发生迷走胆管损伤2例,胆总管完全离断1例,胆总管完全离断合并胆道缺损2例.本组有2例损伤发生于IOC后. 结论 行IOC并正确阅读可及时发现腹腔镜胆囊切除术中胆道错认所致的胆道损伤,从而防止随之可能发生的严重并发症.

  14. The application of intraoperative cholangiography in single cholecystectomy%术中胆道造影在单纯胆囊切除术中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王远明; 李学勇; 吴云龙; 张鸿彬; 崔卫平; 孙朝钧

    2004-01-01

    对有胆道探查指征病例行术中胆道造影(IOC)可避免胆道阴性探查,降低胆道残石发生率以及减少胆道损伤等。但对单纯胆囊切除病例是否行常规IOC,存在分歧。有学者认为应常规行IOC;也有学者认为应选择性行IOC。为了解IOC在单纯胆囊切除术中的地位和作用,本院对1996年1月至

  15. Benefícios da cinesioterapia respiratória no pós-operatório de colecistectomia laparoscópica Benefits of postoperative respiratory kinesiotherapy following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    AC Gastaldi; CMB Magalhães; MA Baraúna; EMC Silva; HCD Souza

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: Alterações da função pulmonar após cirurgia abdominal levam à redução do volume pulmonar, prejudicando as trocas gasosas. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da cinesioterapia respiratória sobre a função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Em estudo prospectivo, 20 mulheres e 16 homens (idade: 48,4 ± 9,55 anos), submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica, foram divididos aleatoriamente: 17 realizara...

  16. 个体化音乐干预对腹腔镜胆囊切除术后患者睡眠质量的影响%Effects of individualized music intervention on sleeping quality of patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季烨; 孙莹

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨个体化音乐干预对腹腔镜胆囊切除术后患者睡眠质量的影响.方法 80例行腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者随机分为对照组和实验组,各40例.对照组术后常规护理,实验组在对照组基础上实施个体化音乐干预,匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)评价患者术后睡眠质量.结果 术后实验组睡眠障碍发生率为21.1% (8/38),低于对照组47.5% (19/40),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 实施个体化音乐干预可提高腹腔镜胆囊切除术后患者的睡眠质量.

  17. Cholecystoduodenal Fistula:An Intraoperative Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Attri, Shahnawaz Ahangar, Rajni Bhardwaj

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of chronic cholecystitis that had no preoperative diagnosis of cholecystoduodenal fistulabut was found during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and was managed successfully.

  18. COLECISTECTOMÍA LAPAROSCÓPICA EN COLECISTITIS AGUDA. FACTORES DE RIESGO PARA LA CONVERSIÓN A CIRUGÍA ABIERTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Ramón Lucena Olavarrieta

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is associated with higher rate of conversion to laparotomy. The value of several factors that might influence the percentage of conversion is analyzed. In a retrospective analysis of a database, the medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy from July 1991 to august 1999 were reviewed. Patients who had acute cholecystitis and had undergone interval laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in this study.Out of 1984 cholecystectomies, the 10,13% were operated on for acute cholecystectomy. In the 82,3% underwent successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and 17,7% needed conversion to open cholecystectomy. Patients age (p = 0,031, total white cell count (p= 0,014, total bilirubin (p= 0,002, alkaline phosphatase (p=0,003 and presence of common bile duct stone (p= 0,001 were found to be independently associated with conversionLaparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely for acute cholecystitis. Predictors of conversion will be helpful when planning the laparoscopic approach and for counseling patients preoperatively.

  19. Cystic duct closure by sealing with bipolar electrocoagulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schulze, S; Damgaard, B; Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad; Larsen, S S; Kristiansen, V B

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cystic duct leakage after cholecystectomy is not uncommon and is a potentially serious complication. The aim of this study was to assess a bipolar sealing system (LigaSure) for closure of the cystic duct. METHODS: The records from consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed in...

  20. Impact of Type of Surgery on Survival Outcome in Patients With Early Gallbladder Cancer in the Era of Minimally Invasive Surgery: Oncologic Safety of Laparoscopic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Jin-Young; Heo, Jin Seok; Han, Youngmin; Chang, Jihoon; Kim, Jae Ri; Kim, Hongbeom; Kwon, Wooil; Kim, Sun-Whe; Choi, Seong Ho; Choi, Dong Wook; Lee, Kyoungbun; Jang, Kee-Taek; Han, Sung-Sik; Park, Sang-Jae

    2016-05-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has been widely accepted as a feasible and safe treatment modality in many cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. However, most guidelines on gallbladder cancer (GBC) regard laparoscopic surgery as a contraindication, even for early GBC. This study aims to evaluate and compare recent surgical outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery for T1(a,b) GBC and to determine the optimal surgical strategy for T1 GBC.The study enrolled 197 patients with histopathologically proven T1 GBC and no history of other cancers who underwent surgery from 2000 to 2014 at 3 major tertiary referral hospitals with specialized biliary-pancreas pathologists and optimal pathologic handling protocols. Median follow-up was 56 months. The effects of depth of invasion and type of surgery on disease-specific survival and recurrence patterns were investigated.Of the 197 patients, 116 (58.9%) underwent simple cholecystectomy, including 31 (15.7%) who underwent open cholecystectomy and 85 (43.1%) laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The remaining 81 (41.1%) patients underwent extended cholecystectomy. Five-year disease-specific survival rates were similar in patients who underwent simple and extended cholecystectomy (96.7% vs 100%, P = 0.483), as well as being similar in patients in the simple cholecystectomy group who underwent open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (100% vs 97.6%, P = 0.543). Type of surgery had no effect on recurrence patterns.Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for T1 gallbladder cancer can provide similar survival outcomes compared to open surgery. Considering less blood loss and shorter hospital stay with better cosmetic outcome, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be justified as a standard treatment for T1b as well as T1a gallbladder cancer when done by well-experienced surgeons based on exact pathologic diagnosis. PMID:27258495

  1. Impact of Type of Surgery on Survival Outcome in Patients With Early Gallbladder Cancer in the Era of Minimally Invasive Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Jin-Young; Heo, Jin Seok; Han, Youngmin; Chang, Jihoon; Kim, Jae Ri; Kim, Hongbeom; Kwon, Wooil; Kim, Sun-Whe; Choi, Seong Ho; Choi, Dong Wook; Lee, Kyoungbun; Jang, Kee-Taek; Han, Sung-Sik; Park, Sang-Jae

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Laparoscopic surgery has been widely accepted as a feasible and safe treatment modality in many cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. However, most guidelines on gallbladder cancer (GBC) regard laparoscopic surgery as a contraindication, even for early GBC. This study aims to evaluate and compare recent surgical outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery for T1(a,b) GBC and to determine the optimal surgical strategy for T1 GBC. The study enrolled 197 patients with histopathologically proven T1 GBC and no history of other cancers who underwent surgery from 2000 to 2014 at 3 major tertiary referral hospitals with specialized biliary-pancreas pathologists and optimal pathologic handling protocols. Median follow-up was 56 months. The effects of depth of invasion and type of surgery on disease-specific survival and recurrence patterns were investigated. Of the 197 patients, 116 (58.9%) underwent simple cholecystectomy, including 31 (15.7%) who underwent open cholecystectomy and 85 (43.1%) laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The remaining 81 (41.1%) patients underwent extended cholecystectomy. Five-year disease-specific survival rates were similar in patients who underwent simple and extended cholecystectomy (96.7% vs 100%, P = 0.483), as well as being similar in patients in the simple cholecystectomy group who underwent open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (100% vs 97.6%, P = 0.543). Type of surgery had no effect on recurrence patterns. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for T1 gallbladder cancer can provide similar survival outcomes compared to open surgery. Considering less blood loss and shorter hospital stay with better cosmetic outcome, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be justified as a standard treatment for T1b as well as T1a gallbladder cancer when done by well-experienced surgeons based on exact pathologic diagnosis. PMID:27258495

  2. A phantom gallbladder on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Various complications have been related to laparoscopic cholecystectomy but most occur shortly after the procedure. In this report, we present a case with very late complications in which an abscess developed within the gallbladder fossa 6 years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The abscess resolved after treatment with CT-guided extrahepatic aspiration. However, 4 years later, an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) performed for choledocholithiasis demonstrated a "gallbladder" which communicated with the common bile duct via a patent cystic duct. This unique case indicates that a cystic duct stump may communicate with the gallbladder fossa many years following cholecystectomy.

  3. Advances in Weight Loss Surgery: The Fully Robotic Gastric Bypass

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... cholecystectomy, and you can see all the scar tissue, which we have already taken down from up ... here, and we took down all this scar tissue that was stuck up here, and we did ...

  4. Advances in Weight Loss Surgery: The Fully Robotic Gastric Bypass

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... factors are increased lipids, sleep apnea, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and depression. She has a previous open cholecystectomy, ... see are sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a disease that’s seen in a lot of the patients ...

  5. Kolecystektomi i Danmark 1989-2003

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Adamsen, Sven; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2005-01-01

    Registry, which covers all public hospitals in Denmark. All cholecystectomies performed from 1989 to 2003 in the various hospitals were registered. Open and laparoscopic operations were registered separately. In addition, the number of patients who were operated on for acute cholecystitis from 1996 to 2003...... was registered. RESULTS: An increase in the cholecystectomy rate was observed, from 67/100,000 inhabitants in 1989 to 143/100,000 inhabitants in 2003 (p < 0.05). The increase was due mainly to the number of laparoscopic procedures, which comprised 81% of all cholecystectomies in 2003. The proportion...... of patients who were operated on for acute cholecystitis decreased from 14% in 1996 to 12% in 2003 (p < 0.05). DISCUSSION: The increasing cholecystectomy rate in Denmark from 1989 to 2003 is probably due to the fact that more patients are having surgery for painful gallbladder stones....

  6. Advances in Weight Loss Surgery: The Fully Robotic Gastric Bypass

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... feet-five-inches call, weighs approximately 243 pounds, has a body mass index or a BMI of ... sleep apnea, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and depression. She has a previous open cholecystectomy, not laparoscopic, and that ...

  7. Laparoscopic Spleen Removal (Splenectomy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Surgical Endoscopy and Other Journal Information SAGES Manuals SCOPE Troubleshooting Guides Education The SAGES Safe Cholecystectomy Program ... imaging such as an ultrasound, a computerized tomography (CAT scan), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Understanding the ...

  8. Mave-tarm-funktion efter kolecystektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, Jüri J

    2005-01-01

    Randomized studies of the physiological and clinical consequences of cholecystectomy for uncomplicated gallbladder stones are very scarce. Bile acid malabsorption is increased postoperatively, probably giving rise to diarrhea in a few sensitive individuals. Preexisting abdominal distension and fat...

  9. Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site (LESS) Procedure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... doing gall bladder resection or cholecystectomies without general anesthesia. And we began this several months ago, and ... they don't have to receive the general anesthesia and all the possible side effects that come ...

  10. Advances in Weight Loss Surgery: The Fully Robotic Gastric Bypass

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... increased lipids, sleep apnea, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and depression. She has a previous open cholecystectomy, not laparoscopic, ... these multiple medical problems make their lifestyle, their life a lot more difficult, and more expensive for ...

  11. Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection Caused by Spilled Gallstones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandit, Narendra; Kumar, Hemanth; Verma, GR

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a 57-year-old woman who presented with a necrotizing soft tissue infection of the right anterior abdominal wall, 1 year after open cholecystectomy for gallbladder perforation. Surgical exploration revealed pigmented gallstones along with pus in the abdominal wall and gallbladder fossa. Intraoperative spillage of gallstones is common during both open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but, in rare cases, can lead to serious complications including necrotizing infection of the abdominal wall. PMID:27144208

  12. Laparoskopisk subtotal kolecystektomi ved kompliceret galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Semenisina, Galina; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gögenur, Ismail

    2010-01-01

    In laparoscopic cholecystectomy conversion to open surgery occurs. Patients who would otherwise need conversion can benefit from laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC). We present a review of studies in which outcome after LSC has been investigated. The results show reduced conversion rates,......, shorter hospital stay, minimal complications and mortality rates. Acute cholecystitis, cirrhosis, Mirrizi syndrome type I are the indications for LSC. Randomized prospective trials are needed to investigate safety and long-term effects....

  13. Platelet-rich fibrin versus albumin in surgical wound repair: a randomized trial with paired design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Patricia L; Ågren, Sven Per Magnus; Jørgensen, Lars Nannestad

    2010-01-01

    To study the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus human albumin on incisional wound breaking strength and subcutaneous collagen deposition in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized trial.......To study the effects of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) versus human albumin on incisional wound breaking strength and subcutaneous collagen deposition in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a randomized trial....

  14. Symptomatic Heterotopic Pancreas in Gallbladder Mimicking Polyps

    OpenAIRE

    Ölmez, Aydemir; Aydin, Cemalettin; Söğütlü, Gökhan; KIRIMLIOĞLU, Hale; Ersan, Veysel; KAYAALP, Cüneyt

    2009-01-01

    Symptomatic heterotopic pancreas in gallbladder is very rare. Most reported cases were discovered incidentally with pathological examinations. Twenty-one year old man admitted for abdominal pain lasting for one year. Ultrasound revealed two polyps located in the neck of the gallbladder and 11x7mm and 3mm in sizes. Because polyps were symptomatic and larger than 1cm, we suggested cholecystectomy. Patient accepted surgery and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. His postoperative cour...

  15. Septate gallbladder in the laparoscopic era

    OpenAIRE

    Patel Nitin; Joshipura Vismit; Haribhakti Sanjiv; Soni Harshad

    2008-01-01

    The anatomy facing a surgeon during cholecystectomy is challenging as it involves complex relationship between the gallbladder, hepatic artery and extra-hepatic billiary tree. We report a case of septate gall bladder which was successfully treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In this paper, we also discuss the embryology and characteristics of this rare anomaly. Lack of awareness, non-specific symptoms, signs and inadequacy of imaging methods are possible reasons for the reported proble...

  16. Old is still gold

    OpenAIRE

    Keens, Keta L; Pursnani, Kishore G; Ward, Jeremy B; Date, Ravindra S

    2013-01-01

    Common bile duct injury is infrequent but a serious complication of cholecystectomy. Variable biliary anatomy has an increased risk of iatrogenic injury. Intraoperative cholangiogram can be performed to provide a clearer picture of biliary anatomy. We report a case of a 71-year-old lady who underwent cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones. Anatomy initially was misinterpreted at laparoscopy when common bile duct was identified as a cystic duct, and a hole in what appeared to be Hartmann's...

  17. Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery: An Update (with Special Reference to Indian Scenario)

    OpenAIRE

    Moirangthem, G S

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, being already declared as gold standard technique, laparoscopic surgery has advanced far and wide, touching almost every corner of the abdomen. This advancement has gradually expanded to colorectal surgery which is done for malignant diseases as well. However, laparoscopic colorectal surgery has not been accepted as quickly as was laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This is because of its steep learning curve, concerns with oncological outcomes, lack of randomized cont...

  18. Intra-Operative vs Pre-Operative Endoscopic Sphincterotomy in Patients with Gallbladder and Common Bile Duct Stones: Cost-Utility and Value-of-Information Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Kurinchi Gurusamy; Edward Wilson; Burroughs, Andrew K; Davidson, Brian R

    2012-01-01

    Background: Patients with gallbladder and common bile duct stones are generally treated by pre-operative endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (POES). Recently, a meta-analysis has shown that intra-operative ES during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (IOES) results in fewer complications than POES, with similar efficacy. The cost effectiveness of IOES versus POES is unknown. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the cost effectiveness of IOES vers...

  19. Ingestão pré-operatória de carboidratos diminui a ocorrência de sintomas gastrointestinais pós-operatórios em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia Preoperative ingestion of carbohydrates diminishes the occurence of postoperative gastrointestinal symptoms in patients submitted to cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento; Diana Borges Dock-Nascimento; Marcelo Sepulveda Magalhães Faria; Emanuelly Varea Maria; Fabio Yonamine; Mario Renato Silva; Thiago Adler

    2007-01-01

    RACIONAL: Estudos recentes mostram que a abreviação do jejum pré-operatório, ao contrário do jejum de 6-8 h apresenta vários benefícios. Pacientes que recebem carboidratos apresentam menos fome e menos ansiedade do que os que permaneceram em jejum noturno. A ingestão pré-operatória de carboidratos por via oral no dia da operação diminui a resposta orgânica ao trauma. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito da ingestão de bebida com carboidratos 6 e 2 horas antes da operação na ocorrência de sintomas gastr...

  20. Influência do tabagismo, obesidade, idade e gênero na função pulmonar de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica Influence of smoking habit, obesity, age and gender on the pulmonary function of patients submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Gonçalves de Oliveira; André Luiz Vianna; Sheila Pacheco Silva; Fransber Rondinelle Araújo Rodrigues; Ricardo Luiz de Melo Martins

    2000-01-01

    O presente estudo foi idealizado com o objetivo de avaliar a influência do tabagismo, obesidade, idade e gênero na função pulmonar de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica (CVL). Foi realizada avaliação prospectiva da função respiratória de pacientes submetidos à CVL em caráter eletivo, por espirometria simples, no pré-operatório e nos primeiro e sétimo dias de pós-operatório (OPO). Quarenta e oito pacientes foram avaliados e estratificados em grupos: tabagista/não-tabagis...

  1. Estudo comparativo dos bloqueios intercostal e interpleural para analgesia pós-operatória em colecistectomias abertas Estudio comparativo de los bloqueos intercostal e interpleural para analgesia pós-operatoria en colecistectomias abiertas Comparative study of intercostal and interpleural block for post-cholecystectomy analgesia

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Mauro Vieira; Taylor Brandão Schnaider; Antonio Carlos Aguiar Brandão; João Pires Campos Neto

    2003-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A analgesia no pós-operatório é desejada pelos pacientes e tem sido praticada pela maioria dos anestesiologistas. Além dos opióides, os anestésicos locais têm sido utilizados nos bloqueios periféricos e centrais para se obter a analgesia pós-operatória. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar duas técnicas de bloqueio dos nervos intercostais para analgesia pós-operatória em colecistectomias abertas. MÉTODO: Sessenta pacientes foram submetidos a colecistectomias abertas...

  2. Effects of Ondansetron with Dexamethasone vs Ondansetron alone in Controlling Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Meta-analysis%昂丹司琼单用与地塞米松联用预防PONV效果的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金原野

    2011-01-01

    目的 评价昂丹司琼联用地塞米松预防腹腔镜胆囊切除术后恶心呕吐( PONV)的效果.方法通过检索Pubmed、CNKI和万方数据库,搜集昂丹司琼联用地塞米松预防腹腔镜胆囊切除术后恶心呕吐的随机对照试验研究(RCT),以评价联用药的效果.结果共纳入9篇文献,共625例腹腔镜胆囊术患者.结果显示,试验组效果优于对照组.PONV及呕吐OR及95%CI分别为0.32( 0.20,0.52)和0.25( 0.13,0.50).结论昂丹司琼联用地塞米松能有效预防腹腔镜胆囊切除术后恶心呕吐的发生.

  3. The effect of music therapy on preoperative anxiety and depression in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy%播放音乐对择期腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者术前焦虑抑郁的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄彩丽; 刘欣; 邹春霞

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨在病房播放背景音乐对择期腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者术前焦虑抑郁的影响.方法:将择期行腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者248例按随机数字表法分为对照组与干预组各124例,对照组予术前常规护理及必要的心理护理,干预组在此基础上在病房中为患者播放背景音乐,应用焦虑自评量表、抑郁自评量表评价干预前后患者的焦虑、抑郁水平,调查患者满意度,监测血压、心率、呼吸频率波动情况.结果:与对照组相比,干预组焦虑及抑郁评分显著低于对照组,血压、心率稳定,波动幅度小,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01),患者满意度显著提高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:在病房播放背景音乐可缓解腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者术前的负性情绪,稳定生命体征,提高患者满意度.

  4. Influência da morfina peridural na função pulmonar de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia aberta Influencia de la morfina peridural en la función pulmonar de pacientes sometidos a la colecistectomía abierta The influence of epidural morphine in the pulmonary function of patients undergoing open cholecystectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Gilson Cassem Ramos; Edísio Pereira; Salustiano Gabriel Neto; Ênio Chaves de Oliveira; Roberto Helôu Rassi; Sílvio Pinheiro de Lemos Neto

    2007-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Operações de abdome superior podem causar, no pós-operatório, disfunções ventilatórias. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a função pulmonar após colecistectomias laparoscópicas e abertas, com e sem morfina peridural. MÉTODO: Em estudo do tipo ensaio clínico duplamente encoberto e aleatório, 45 pacientes foram distribuídas em três grupos, GL, GA e GAM, de 15 componentes submetidas a colecistectomias. O grupo GL foi operado pela via laparoscópica; enquanto GA ...

  5. Clonidina e dexmedetomidina por via peridural para analgesia e sedação pós-operatória de colecistectomia Clonidina y dexmedetomidina por vía peridural para analgesia y sedación pós-operatoria de colecistectomía Epidural clonidine or dexmedetomidine for post-cholecystectomy analgesia and sedation

    OpenAIRE

    Antônio Mauro Vieira; Taylor Brandão Schnaider; Antônio Carlos Aguiar Brandão; Flávio Aparecido Pereira; Everaldo Donizeti Costa; Carlos Eduardo Povoa Fonseca

    2004-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A clonidina e a dexmedetomidina são agonistas alfa2-adrenérgicos que, quando administrados por via peridural, possuem propriedades analgésicas e potencializam os efeitos dos anestésicos locais. A presente pesquisa objetivou avaliar a analgesia e a sedação produzidas pela clonidina ou dexmedetomidina associadas à ropivacaína, por via peridural, no pós-operatório de colecistectomia por via subcostal. MÉTODO: Participaram do estudo aleatório e duplamente encoberto 40 p...

  6. Colecistectomia laparoscópica: experiência em 500 casos, enfatizando as vantagens da colecistocolangiografia e da ligadura do ducto e artéria cística utilizando fio de náilon Advantages of cholecystocholangiography and ligature of the cystic duct and artery with nylon suture: analysis of 500 laparoscopic cholecystectomies

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Alberto Perim; Marcelo Arimatéia E. Guedes

    1999-01-01

    São apresentados os resultados clínicos de quinhentos pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia laparoscópica (CL), com o emprego da colecistocolangiografia intra-operatória e da ligadura do ducto cístico e da artéria cística utilizando- se fio de náilon em vez de clipes metálicos. A maioria (79,4%) dos pacientes era do sexo feminino. A média de idade foi de 48,2 anos. Colecistite crônica ocorreu em 424 casos, colecistite aguda em 68, câncer da vesícula em quatro, colecistite alitiásica em três ...

  7. The ACTIVE (Acute Cholecystitis Trial Invasive Versus Endoscopic study: Multicenter randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of laparoscopic (LC versus open (LTC surgery for acute cholecystitis (AC in adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassi Uberto A

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In some randomized trials successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholecystitis is associated with an earlier recovery and shorter hospital stay when compared with open cholecystectomy. Other studies did not confirm these results and showed that the potential advantages of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholecystitis can be offset by a high conversion rate to open surgery. Moreover in these studies a similar postoperative programme to optimize recovery comparing laparoscopic and open approaches was not standardized. These studies also do not report all eligible patients and are not double blinded. Design The present study project is a prospective, randomized investigation. The study will be performed in the Department of General, Emergency and Transplant Surgery St Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital (Bologna, Italy, a large teaching institutions, with the participation of all surgeons who accept to be involved in (and together with other selected centers. The patients will be divided in two groups: in the first group the patient will be submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 72 hours after the diagnosis while in the second group will be submitted to laparotomic cholecystectomy within 72 hours after the diagnosis. Trial Registration TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER ISRCTN27929536 – The ACTIVE (Acute Cholecystitis Trial Invasive Versus Endoscopic study. A multicentre randomised, double-blind, controlled trial of laparoscopic versus open surgery for acute cholecystitis in adults.

  8. NEWER TECHNIQUE OF GALL BLADDER REMOVAL: ARE THEY WORTH?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randhawa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study includes the works of various surgeons who adopted newer methods of gall bladder removal vis a vis standard method of laparoscopic cholecystectomy through 4-ports. Newer methods include Single- incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC and Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES. The work of various studies of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC, a gold standard so far analysed against the newer techniques with respect to complications directly related to the procedure such as biliary injury, bile leak, infection, trochar related injury and post-operative incisional hernia; Post-operative hospital stay and return to work and expenses incurred over the surgical procedure .Laparoscopic cholecystectomy 4-port standard procedure, still rules the roost. Newer methods like SILC and NOTES though around for more than 8 yrs but yet to click with surgeons and more importantly with patients. Patients still find the 4-port LC fine and satisfied with it. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4-port LC continues to be the method of choice with surgeons throughout globe except in few pockets. It has been standardized for procedure details and rate of complications and conversions .Till now apart from some extra advantage of cosmetic superiority newer methods do not provide any extra advantage as far as complications, hospital stay, return to normal activity and treatment cost are concerned.

  9. Imaging in laparoscopic cholecystectomy—What a radiologist needs to know

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desai, Naman S., E-mail: nsdesai@partners.org [Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis street, Boston, MA, 02115 (United States); Khandelwal, Ashish, E-mail: drashish83@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis street, Boston, MA, 02115 (United States); Virmani, Vivek, E-mail: drvivek.virmani@horizonnb.ca [Department of Radiology, Dr. Everett Chalmers Hospital, Priestman St, Fredericton, 700, NB E3B 5N5 (Canada); Kwatra, Neha S., E-mail: nkwatra@partners.org [Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis street, Boston, MA, 02115 (United States); Ricci, Joseph A., E-mail: jaricci@partners.org [Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit St, Boston, MA 02114 (United States); Saboo, Sachin S., E-mail: ssaboo@partners.org [Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis street, Boston, MA, 02115 (United States)

    2014-06-15

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment option for cholelithiasis. In order to properly assess for the complications related to the procedure, an understanding of the normal biliary anatomy, its variants and the normal postoperative imaging is essential. Radiologist must be aware of benefits and limitations of multiple imaging modalities in characterizing the complications of this procedure as each of these modalities have a critical role in evaluating a symptomatic post-cholecystectomy patient. The purpose of this article is describe the multi-modality imaging of normal biliary anatomy and its variants, as well as to illustrate the imaging features of biliary, vascular, cystic duct, infectious as well as miscellaneous complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We focus on the information that the radiologist needs to know about the radiographic manifestations of potential complications of this procedure.

  10. Gallstones and colorectal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Torben; Rafaelsen, Søren Rafael

    1992-01-01

    The prevalence of gallstone disease in 145 consecutive patients with colorectal cancer was compared with gallstone prevalence in 4,159 subjects randomly selected from a population. The group of patients had a significantly higher prevalence of gallstone disease than the population (odds ratio = 1.......59; 95 percent confidence limits 1.04-2.45), whereas cholecystectomies occurred with equal frequency in the two groups. There was a nonsignificant trend toward more right-sided cancers in patients with gallstones than in patients without. These results, together with available literature, give...... substantial evidence for an association between gallstones and colorectal cancer, an association which is not due to cholecystectomy being a predisposing factor to colorectal cancer. Sporadic findings of an association between cholecystectomy and colorectal cancer can be explained by the above relationship....

  11. Anestesia para colecistectomia videolaparoscópica em paciente portador de Doença de Steinert: relato de caso e revisão de literatura Anestesia para colecistectomía videolaparoscópica en oaciente oortador de Enfermedad de Steinert: relato de caso y revisión de la literatura Anesthesia for videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with Steinert Disease: case report and review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Flora Margarida Barra Bisinotto; Daniel Capucci Fabri; Maida Silva Calçado; Paula Borela Perfeito; Lucas Vieira Tostes; Gabriela Denardi Sousa

    2010-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: As distrofias miotônicas são doenças neuromusculares de transmissão autossômica dominante. Dentre elas, a distrofia miotônica tipo 1 (DM1), ou doença de Steinert, é a mais comum no adulto e, além do envolvimento muscular, apresenta manifestações sistêmicas importantes. A DM1 representa um desafio para o anestesiologista. Os pacientes apresentam maior sensibilidade às drogas anestésicas e complicações, principalmente cardíacas e pulmonares. Além disso, há a possibili...

  12. Acute biliary pancreatitis: Diagnosis and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazem Zakaria

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Gallstones are the commonest cause of acute pancreatitis (AP, a potentially life-threatening condition, worldwide. The pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis has not been fully understood. Laboratory and radiological investigations are critical for diagnosis as well prognosis prediction. Scoring systems based on radiological findings and serologic inflammatory markers have been proposed as better predictors of disease severity. Early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP is beneficial in a group of patients with gallstone pancreatitis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with preoperative endoscopic common bile duct clearance is recommended as a treatment of choice for acute biliary pancreatitis. The timing of cholecystectomy, following ERCP, for biliary pancreatitis can vary markedly depending on the severity of pancreatitis

  13. Management of empyema of gallbladder with percutaneous cholecysto-duodenal stenting in a case of hilar cholangiocarcinoma treated with common bile duct metallic stenting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheo Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Empyema of the gallbladder develops when the gallbladder neck is obstructed in the presence of infection, preventing pus from draining via the cystic duct. Treatment options include cholecystectomy or, in patients with comorbidities, drainage via percutaneous cholecystostomy, later followed by cholecystectomy. Here, we describe a 59-year-old man who presented with complaints of recurrent hiccups and was found to have cholangiocarcinoma causing obstruction to cystic duct drainage. The patient was managed successfully by percutaneous transhepatic cholecysto-duodenal self-expandable covered metal stent.

  14. Severe Hemobilia from Hepatic Artery Pseudoaneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Sansonna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Hemobilia is a rare, jeopardizing complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy coming upon usually within 4 weeks after surgery. The first-line management is angiographic coil embolization of hepatic arteries, which is successful in the majority of bleedings: in a minority of cases, a second embolization or even laparotomy is needed. Case Presentation. We describe the case history of a patient in which laparoscopic cholecystectomy was complicated 3 weeks later by massive hemobilia. The cause of haemorrhage was a pseudoaneurysm of a right hepatic artery branching off the superior mesenteric artery; this complication was successfully managed by one-stage angiographic embolization with full recovery of the patient.

  15. Early Diagnosis of Gallbladder Carcinoma: An Algorithm Approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gall bladder carcinoma is the most common biliary tract cancer. Delayed presentation and early spread of tumor make it one of the lethal tumors with poor prognosis. Considering that simple cholecystectomy for T1 disease could offer a potential cure, it is increasingly needed to identify it at early stages. Identification of high-risk cases and offering prophylactic cholecystectomy can decrease the incidence of gallbladder carcinoma. With advances in diagnostic tools like contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasound, elastography, multidetctor CT, MRI, and PET scan, we can potentially diagnose gallbladder carcinoma at early stages. This paper reviews the various diagnostic modalities available and an algorithmic approach to early diagnosis of gallbladder carcinoma

  16. Septate gallbladder in the laparoscopic era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel Nitin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The anatomy facing a surgeon during cholecystectomy is challenging as it involves complex relationship between the gallbladder, hepatic artery and extra-hepatic billiary tree. We report a case of septate gall bladder which was successfully treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In this paper, we also discuss the embryology and characteristics of this rare anomaly. Lack of awareness, non-specific symptoms, signs and inadequacy of imaging methods are possible reasons for the reported problem of overlooking of this entity. Complete identification and removal of gallbladder is mandatory, as a remnant may result in recurrence of symptoms or stones.

  17. Synchronous presentation of acute acalculous cholecystitis and appendicitis: a case report

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sahebally, Shaheel M

    2011-11-14

    Abstract Introduction Acute acalculous cholecystitis is traditionally associated with elderly or critically ill patients. Case presentation We present the case of an otherwise healthy 23-year-old Caucasian man who presented with acute right-sided abdominal pain. An ultrasound examination revealed evidence of acute acalculous cholecystitis. A laparoscopy was undertaken and the dual pathologies of acute acalculous cholecystitis and acute appendicitis were discovered and a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and appendectomy were performed. Conclusion Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a rare clinical entity in young, healthy patients and this report describes the unusual association of acute acalculous cholecystitis and appendicitis. A single stage combined laparoscopic appendectomy and cholecystectomy is an effective treatment modality.

  18. ХИРУРГИЧЕСКАЯ ТАКТИКА ЛЕЧЕНИЯ ОСЛОЖНЕННОГО ОСТРОГО ХОЛЕЦИСТИТА ИЗ МИНИ-ДОСТУПА

    OpenAIRE

    ХАДЖ МОХАММЕД Р. М.; Меретуков, Р.

    2006-01-01

    The present article describes a problem of tactics of complicated acute cholecystitis treatment from mini access in 318 patients. Gravels from choledoch are removed with the help of fenestrated forceps from the «Mini -assistant» set. It is expedient to use mini laparotomic cholecystectomy and choledocholithotomy in eldery and old age patients with a severe associated illness.

  19. A CHOLELITHIASIC DOUBLE GALLBLADDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Wani

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Double gallbladder is rare congenital anomaly. It is important to diagnose it preoperatively for which, ultrasound is the preferred modality of imaging. We report a case of 56 years old male patient who presented with recurrent upper abdominal pain and diagnosed as two cholelithiasic gallbladders for which we did cholecystectomy of both. We are reporting this case for its rare occurrence.

  20. Oral cholecystography in contemporary gallstone imaging: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maglinte, D D; Torres, W E; Laufer, I

    1991-01-01

    The introduction of nonoperative alternatives to elective cholecystectomy in the management of gallstones has resurrected use of oral cholecystography (OCG). This article reviews basic principles involved in the proper performance of OCG and interpretation of the resulting images. The role of OCG in the current management of gallstones is discussed. PMID:1984325

  1. Gallbladder duplication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagan Pillay

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Duplication of the gallbladder is a rare congenital abnormality, which requires special attention to the biliary ductal and arterial anatomy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography is the appropriate treatment in a symptomatic gallbladder. The removal of an asymptomatic double gallbladder remains controversial.

  2. Gall bladder stones: surgical treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohan S. V. S.

    2014-02-01

    Conclusions: Among 10 cases of open cholecystectomy 6 cases were done through duct first method and 4 cases were done through fundus 1st method, which gave good results and less postoperative complications. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(1.000: 285-289

  3. Budd-Chiari syndrome: diagnosis with ultrasound and nuclear medicine calcium colloid liver scan following non-diagnostic contrasted CT scan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mulholland, J.P.; Fong, S.M.; Kafaghi, F.A.; Fong, W. [Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, QLD (Australia)

    1997-02-01

    Budd-Chiari syndrome is a rare condition characterized by thrombosis within the hepatic veins and inferior vena cava. A case of Budd-Chiari syndrome is presented in a patient who experienced acutely 3 days following laparoscopic cholecystectomy for a calculous cholecystitis. A discussion of pathology and findings on calcium colloid scintigram, CT scan and Doppler ultrasound is provided. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  4. Iatrogenic bile duct injuries – clinical problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Głuszek Stanisław

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in surgical wards. Iatrogenic bile duct injuries (IBDI incurred during the procedures are among postoperative complications that are most difficult to treat. The risk of bile duct injury is 0.2-0.4%, and their consequences are unpleasant both for the surgeon and for the patient.

  5. Udvikling og afregningsmønster for kirurgi i privat og offentligt sygehusregi i Danmark 2004-2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kehlet, Henrik; Hindsø, Klaus; Iversen, Maria Gerding

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The organisation and the reimbursement pattern for surgery in Denmark are relatively unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The organisation and activity of hip and knee replacement, laparoscopic cholecystectomy and inguinal herniotomy, low-back surgery and obesity surgery were analysed tog...... quality to secure research and further development on a nationwide basis. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-May...

  6. Parasitaer galdevejsinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antonsen, A; Nielsen, P L

    2001-01-01

    In two cases of cholecystectomy for gall bladder calculi, the histological diagnoses were inflammation, fibrosis, and numerous calcified parasite eggs in the wall of the gall bladder, compatible with eggs from the liver fluke, which can infect humans who eat raw or undercooked fresh water fish (s...... (sushi!)....

  7. Quality of life after iatrogenic bile duct injury: a case control study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hogan, Aisling M

    2012-02-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare quality of life (QOL) of patients following iatrogenic bile duct injuries (BDI) to matched controls. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: BDI complicate approximately 0.3% of all cholecystectomy procedures. The literature regarding impact on quality of life is conflicted as assessment using clinical determinants alone is insufficient. METHODS: The medical outcomes study short form 36 (SF-36), a sensitive tool for quantification of life quality outcome, was used. The study group of iatrogenic BDI was compared with an age- and sex-matched group who underwent uncomplicated cholecystectomy. Telephone questionnaire using the SF-36 quality of life tool was administered to both groups at a median postoperative time of 12 years 8 months (range, 2 months -20 years). RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients were referred with BDI but due to mortality (n = 10) and unavailability (n = 6) 62 participated. The age- and sex-matched control cohort had undergone uncomplicated cholecystectomy (n = 62). Comparison between groups revealed that 7 of 8 variables examined were statistically similar to those of the control group (physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality and social functioning, and mental health index). Mean role emotional scores were slightly worse in the BDI group (46 vs. 50) but the significance was borderline (P = 0.045). Subgroup analysis by method of intervention for BDI did not demonstrate significant differences. CONCLUSION: Quality of life of surviving patients following BDI compares favorably to that after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

  8. Retrospective Analysis on the Gallstone Disease after Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyong-Hwa Jun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of gallstone after gastrectomy, risk factors for gallstone formation, and the surgical outcome of cholecystectomy after gastrectomy. Methods. A total of 2480 gastric cancer patients who underwent curative resection at two institutions between January 1997 and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients’ age, gender, diabetes mellitus, type of gastrectomy, extent of node dissection, and type of reconstruction were evaluated. Results. Gallstone formation occurred in 128 of 2480 (5.2% patients who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The incidence of gallstones was significantly higher after total compared with subtotal gastrectomy. Roux-en-Y reconstruction and lymph node dissection in the hepatoduodenal ligament were associated with a significantly higher incidence. In multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus and reconstruction method were identified as significant risk factors for gallstone development. The proportion of silent stone was higher in the laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC group than in the open cholecystectomy (OC group. Operation time and hospital stay were shorter in the LC group than in the OC group. Conclusions. Diabetes mellitus and Roux-en-Y reconstruction are risk factors for gallstones after gastrectomy. Only a few postoperative complications after subsequent cholecystectomy occurred, even when using a laparoscopic approach.

  9. IMPLEMENTATION OF TRIDIMENSIONAL LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECISTECTOMY ON A PUBLIC HOSPITAL. FIRST EXPERIENCE IN ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ferreyra

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard treatment for symptomatic gallbladder stones. The spatial orientation, depth perception and precision offered by 3D laparoscopy constitutes progress to the limitation offered by conventional 2D laparoscopy. This work´s objective is to compare the results between 3D and 2D laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a prospective ramdimized study. Between December 2012-June 2013, 81 patients with symptomatic gallbladder stones were selected for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and randomized in two groups: 2D (n=40 and 3D (n=41. The average time for the Calot dissection was for 2D of 17,85 +/- 8,09 minutes and in the 3D group13,85 +/- 7,01 minutes (p = 0,020, for the gallbladder fossa was for 2D 11,15 +/- 6,32 minutes and for 3D 7,59 +/- 4,20 minutes (p = 0,004, and for the complete procedure for 2D 60,5 +/- 18,9 minutes and for 3D 46,2 +/- 13,3 minutes (p = 0,000. 97,5% of the surgeons considered being satisfied by the 3D vision. The study concluded that 3D laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a feasible and safe technique, which evidenced a significant decrease in surgical times, and a high percentage of satisfaction expressed by the operating surgeons

  10. Functional properties of laser effects on morphology of liver, gall bladder and bile ducts in cholelithiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakhtior Shamirzaev

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In 85 patients with calculous cholecystitis the preoperative preparation before laparoscopic cholecystectomy included irradiation of the area of gall bladder and epigastric puncture with low power magneto-infrared laser. The investigations performed revealed significant reduction of the liver and gall bladder changes both on the light optic and electron microscopic levels due to effects of low power laser irradiation.

  11. Complementary role of helical CT cholangiography to MR cholangiography in the evaluation of biliary function and kinetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eracleous, Eleni; Genagritis, Marios; Kontou, Allayioti Maria [Diagnostic Center of Ayios Therissos, Department of Radiology, Nicosia (Cyprus); Papanikolaou, Nicos; Prassopoullos, P.; Chrysikopoulos, Haris; Gourtsoyiannis, Nicholas [University of Crete, Department of Radiology, Heraklion (Greece); Allan, Paul [Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Department of Radiology, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    2005-10-01

    To explore the potential role of computed tomographic cholangiography (CTC) in relation to magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) in cases in which knowledge of biliary kinetics and functional information are important for therapeutic decisions, 31 patients (14 men and 17 women) underwent MRC followed by CTC. We examined nine post-cholecystectomy cases with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, six cases with a previous biliary-enteric anastomosis and clinical evidence of cholangitis, eight biliary strictures with pain or symptoms of cholangitis, four cases with strong clinical evidence of sclerosing cholangitis, three cases with suspected post-laparoscopic cholecystectomy bile leakage, and one case with chronic pancreatitis and a common bile duct stent associated with cholangitis. In relation to MRC, CTC provided additional biliary functional information as follows: abnormal biliary drainage through the ampulla in 7/9 cholecystectomy cases, impaired drainage in 3/6 biliary-enteric anastomoses, and complete obstruction in 2/8 biliary strictures. CTC diagnosed early sclerosing cholangitis in 4/4 cases and confirmed suspected bile leakage in 1/3 post-laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients, and the patency of the biliary stent in the patient with chronic pancreatitis. Thus, CTC provides clinically important information about the function and kinetics of bile and complements findings obtained by MRC. (orig.)

  12. Successful resuscitation after carbon dioxide embolism during laparoscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Burgdorf, Stefan; Lolle, Ida;

    2012-01-01

    Venous air embolism (VAE) is a rare life-threatening complication that can occur during laparoscopy. A 50-year-old previously healthy woman underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and liver cyst fenestration. Immediately after the surgeon had left the operating room, the patient became hypotensive...

  13. Pediatric cholelithiasis and laparoscopic management: A review of twenty two cases

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in the management of cholelithiasis in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of our experience with LC for cholelithiasis at our institution, between April 2006 and March 2009 was done. Data points reviewed included patient demographics, clinical history, haematological investigations, imaging studies, operative techniques, postoperative complications, postoperative recovery and final histopathological diagnosis....

  14. Transrektální hybridní NOTES versus laparoskopická cholecytektomie - randomizovaná prospektivní studie na velkém laboratorním zvířeti

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ryska, O.; Filípková, T.; Martínek, J.; Doležel, R.; Juhás, Štefan; Juhásová, Jana; Zavoral, M.; Ryska, M.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 90, č. 12 (2011), s. 691-696. ISSN 0035-9351 R&D Projects: GA MZd NS9994 Institutional support: RVO:67985904 Keywords : natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) * minimal invasive surgery * cholecystectomy Subject RIV: FJ - Surgery incl. Transplants

  15. Colecistite aguda por ascaris lumbricoides Acute cholecystites for ascaris lumbricoides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amauri Clemente da Rocha

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Biliary’s ascariasis is the most often ectopic site of this helminthiasis, but invasion of the worms into the gallbladder is quite rare. The autors report a case of a patient with clinical symptoms, compatible with cholecystitis induced by the worm, as shown by ultrasonography. Treatament was cholecystectomy and antihelmintic drug therapy with a good outcome.

  16. Colecistite aguda por ascaris lumbricoides Acute cholecystites for ascaris lumbricoides

    OpenAIRE

    Amauri Clemente da Rocha; Severino Lourenço da Silva Júnior; Rodrigo Fernando Lourenço de Amorim

    2006-01-01

    Biliary’s ascariasis is the most often ectopic site of this helminthiasis, but invasion of the worms into the gallbladder is quite rare. The autors report a case of a patient with clinical symptoms, compatible with cholecystitis induced by the worm, as shown by ultrasonography. Treatament was cholecystectomy and antihelmintic drug therapy with a good outcome.

  17. Feasibility of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication as a day-case procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.S. Vlug; J. Wind; J.H. Eshuis; R. Lindeboom; M.I. van Berge Henegouwen; W.A. Bemelman

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this prospective double-cohort pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility and desirability of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) performed in day-care when compared with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in day-care. Patients who underwent a LNF in day-care were prospectively evalua

  18. Successful disintegration, dissolution and drainage of intracholedochal hematoma by percutaneous transhepatic intervention

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Hemobilia is a rare biliary complication of liver transplantation. The predominant cause of hemobilia is iatrogenic, and it is often associated with traumatic operations, such as percutaneous liver intervention, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, cholecystectomy, biliary tract surgery, and liver transplantation. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and liver biopsy are two major causes of hemobilia in liver transplant recipients. Hemobilia may also be caused by coagulation d...

  19. Tuberculosis of the Gallbladder

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Analysis of 5 patients with gallbladder tuberculosis who had open cholecystectomy and review of literature have shown that, although still rare it presents as a part of systemic miliary tuberculosis, abdominal tuberculosis, isolated gallbladder tuberculosis and as acalculus cholecystitis in anergic patients. There are no pathognomonic signs, the diagnosis depends on suspicion of tuberculosis, peroperative findings and histological examination.

  20. Outcomes of Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis in laparoscopic era: A retrospective Cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Rehman Alvi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC is a rare variant of cholecystitis and reported incidence of XGC varies from different geographic region from 0.7% -9%. Most of the clinicians are not aware of the pathology and less evidence is available regarding the optimal treatment of this less common form of cholecystitis in the present era of laparoscopic surgery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary care university hospital from 1989 to 2009. Histopathologically confirmed XGC study patients (N=27 were compared with non-Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (NXGC control group (N=27. The outcomes variables were operative time, complication rate and laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy conversion rate. The study group (XGC was further divided in to three sub groups; group I open cholecystectomy (OC, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC and laparoscopic converted to open cholecystectomy (LCO for comparative analysis to identify the significant variables. Results: During the study period 6878 underwent cholecystectomy including open cholecystectomy in 2309 and laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 4569 patients. Histopathology confirmed xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis in 30 patients (0.43% of all cholecystectomies and 27 patients qualified for the inclusion criterion. Gallbladder carcinoma was reported in 100 patients (1.45% during the study period and no association was found with XGC. The mean age of patients with XGC was 49.8 year (range: 29-79, with male to female ratio of 1:3. The most common clinical features were abdominal pain and tenderness in right hypochondrium. Biliary colic and acute cholecystitis were the most common preoperative diagnosis. Ultrasonogram was performed in all patients and CT scan abdomen in 5 patients. In study population (XGC, 10 were patients in group I, 8 in group II and 9 in group III. Conversion rate from laparoscopy to open was 53 % (n=9, surgical site infection rate of 14

  1. Avaliação hemodinâmica e metabólica da infusão contínua de dexmedetomidina e de remifentanil em colecistectomia videolaparoscópica: estudo comparativo Evaluación hemodinámica y metabólica de la infusión continua de dexmedetomidina y de remifentanil en colecistectomia videolaparoscópica: estudio comparativo Hemodynamic and metabolic evaluation of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil continuous infusion in videolaparoscopic cholecystectomy: comparative study

    OpenAIRE

    Thatiany Pereira Chaves; Josenília Maria Alves Gomes; Francisco Elano Carvalho Pereira; Sara Lúcia Cavalcante; Ilse M. Tigre de Arruda Leitão; Hipólito Sousa Monte; Rodrigo Dornfeld Escalante

    2003-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dexmedetomidina tem sido utilizada para sedação e como coadjuvante em anestesia geral. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resposta cardiovascular e simpático-adrenal à intubação traqueal e à insuflação do pneumoperitônio, comparando-a ao remifentanil durante anestesia com sevoflurano para colecistectomia videolaparoscópica. MÉTODO: Foram incluídos no estudo 42 pacientes, estado físico ASA I ou II, com idades entre 25 e 55 anos, distribuídos aleatoriamente em do...

  2. [Effectiveness of panzytrat--modern physiological enzyme preparation in complex therapy of pancreatic exocrine secretory insufficiency in cholelithiasis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petukhov, V A; Mironov, A V; Semenov, Zh S; Ustinov, F S

    2009-01-01

    In the article the analysis of the survey with 102 patients with gallstone disease involved, 68 of whom underwent cholecystectomy and 34 were treated conservatively, is made. The content of fecal elastase 1 in stool was estimated for diagnostics of exocrine enzyme insufficiency of pancreas by immune-enzyme analysis. It was stated that 90% of patients possess secondary exocrine insufficiency of pancreas in case of gallstone disease. It is the result of complex metabolic liver abnormalities, portal and mesenterial haemodynamics, dysbiosis of large intestine which are the components of a syndrom of maldigestion and appear during gallstone disease progressing long time before hospitalization. Cholecystectomy doesn't eliminate enzyme insufficiency of pancreas. The effectiveness of using new physiological enzymatic drug Panzytrat in a complex therapy of a syndrom of maldigestion in case of gallstone disease is shown. PMID:19551960

  3. Delayed phlegmon with gallstone fragments masquerading as soft tissue sarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Laura F.; Bateni, Cyrus P.; Bishop, John W.; Canter, Robert J.

    2016-01-01

    Complications from lost gallstones after cholecystectomy are rare but varied from simple perihepatic abscess to empyema and expectoration of gallstones. Gallstone complications have been reported in nearly every organ system, although reports of malignant masquerade of retained gallstones are few. We present the case of an 87-year-old woman with a flank soft tissue tumor 4 years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The initial clinical, radiographic and biopsy findings were consistent with soft tissue sarcoma (STS), but careful review of her case in multidisciplinary conference raised the suspicion for retained gallstones rather than STS. The patient was treated with incisional biopsy/drainage of the mass, and gallstones were retrieved. The patient recovered completely without an extensive resectional procedure, emphasizing the importance of multidisciplinary sarcoma care to optimize outcomes for potential sarcoma patients. PMID:27333918

  4. Detection of acalculous gallbladder disease using Tc{sup 99m} EHIDA imaging and cholecystokinin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Middleton, G.W. [Dept. of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, Univ. Hospital of Wales, Cardiff (United Kingdom); Williams, J.H. [Dept. of Radiology, Princess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend (United Kingdom)

    1994-10-01

    The use of Tc{sup 99m} ethyl hepatic iminodiacetic acid (EHIDA) imaging with cholecystokinin (CCK) in a prospective study of 115 patients with right upper quadrant biliary-type pain is described. All patients had normal US, oral cholecystography and/or endoscopy investigations. A 2-min infusion of CCK was administered at peak gallbladder uptake of EHIDA. A gallbladder ejection fraction (CBEF) was used to quantify the gallbladder response to CCK. A total of 79 of 115 patients (69%) had an abnormal GBEF ({<=}35%). Of 43 patients who underwent cholecystectomy 42 (97%) had abnormal surgical/histological findings and/or complete long-term relief of symptoms. It was concluded that Tc{sup 99m} EHIDA imaging, with a 2-min infusion of CCK and a measured GBEF {<=}35%, is highly predictive of acalculous gallbladder disease and a favourable outcome following cholecystectomy. (orig.)

  5. [Cystohepatic ducts. Surgical problems and review of the literature. About 10 operated cases (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutboul, R; Le Treut, Y P; Pau, C; Rodde, J M; Bricot, R

    1982-05-01

    The authors are reporting 10 cases of operated cystohepatic ducts. In each case there is a unic duct, leading five times in the gallbladder, and once in the cystic duct. In 8 cases this abnormality was shown intraoperatively. In 2 cases the diagnosis was only given during the surgical procedure, when a fistulography was performed. In one case it was necessary to reoperate. In four cases during the cholecystectomy we had to ligate the cystohepatic duct. In order to argue these cases, a literature review was done: 42 cases were found. The ligation of a cystohepatic duct is in most cases without consequences. the different ways of restoration are studied when large ducts are found. The best treatment of such an abnormality seems to be an anterograde cholecystectomy associated to a systematic drainage of the gallbladder region. PMID:7107732

  6. Imaging findings of biliary and nonbiliary complications following laparoscopic surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jin-Young; Kim, Joo Hee; Lim, Joon Seok; Oh, Young Taik; Kim, Ki Whang [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Myeong-Jin [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Seoul (Korea); Park, Mi-Suk [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea)

    2006-09-15

    Laparoscopic techniques are evolving for a wide range of surgical procedures although they were initially confined to cholecystectomy and exploratory laparoscopy. Recently, surgical procedures performed with a laparoscope include splenectomy, adrenalectomy, gastrectomy, and myomectomy. In this article, we review the spectrum of complications and illustrate imaging features of biliary and nonbiliary complications after various laparoscopic surgeries. Biliary complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy include bile ductal obstruction, bile leak with bile duct injury, dropped stones in the peritoneal cavity, retained CBD stone, and port-site metastasis. Nonbiliary complications are anastomotic leakage after partial gastrectomy, gangrenous cholecystitis after gastrectomy, hematoma at the anastomotic site following gastrectomy, gastric infarction after gastrectomy, port-site metastasis after gastrectomy, hematoma after splenectomy, renal infarction after adrenalectomy, and active bleeding after myomectomy of the uterus. (orig.)

  7. The 1-g 14C-d-xylose breath test in gallstone patients with and without duodenal diverticula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess whether gallstone patients with duodenal diverticula have bacterial overgrowth in the proximal small bowel, the results of the 1-g 14C-d-xylose breath test were compared in 24 patients with duodenal diverticula, and in 24 without diverticula. All patients had been treated with endoscopic papillotomy (EPT) for stones in the common bile duct before the study, and cholecystectomy had previously been performed in 20 patients. No significant differences between the groups were found concerning age, sex and body weight. Cummulative 14CO2 expired in 3 h in percentage of administered dose of 14C-d-xylose was 8.55% (7.58-9.57%) and 7.38% (6.32-8.96%) in patients with and without diverticula, respectively (p=0.06), indicating a higher bacterial activity in the small bowel in patients with duodenal diverticula than in those without diverticula. The results appeared to be influenced by cholecystectomy

  8. PIPIDA scintigraphy for cholecystitis: false positives in alcoholism and total parenteral nutrition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of gallbladder scintigraphy in patients with potentially compromised hepatobiliary function revealed two groups in whom cholecystitis might be mistakenly diagnosed. In 200 consecutive hospitalized patients studied with technetium-99m-PIPIDA for acute cholecystitis or cholestasis, there were 41 alcoholics and 17 patients on total parenteral nutrition. In 60% of the alcoholics and 92% of those on parenteral nutrition, absent or delayed visualization of the gallbladder occurred without physical or clinical evidence of cholecystitis. A cholecystagogue, sincalide, did not prevent the false-positive features which presumably are due to altered bile flow kinetics related to alcoholism and parenteral nutrition. Four patients on parenteral nutrition undergoing cholecystectomy for suspected cholecystitis had normal gallbladders filled with jellylike viscous thick bile. A positive (nonvisualized or delayed visualized) gallbladder PIPIDA scintigram in these two populations should not be interpreted as indicating a need for cholecystectomy

  9. Combined endoscopic and ursodeoxycholic acid treatment of biliary cast syndrome in a non-transplant patient

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Panagiotis Katsinelos; Grigoris Chatzimavroudis; Ioannis Pilpilidis; George Paroutoglou; Jannis Kountouras; Christos Zavos

    2008-01-01

    A 76-year-old diabetic man underwent cholecystectomy for gangrenous calculous cholecystitis.His postoperative course was complicated by the development of Candida albicans esophagitis necessitating antifungal therapy,and total parenteral nutrition(TPN)for 15 d.Seven weeks after cholecystectomy,he presented with cholangitis.Endoscopic retrograde ch0Iangiopancreatography(ERCP)demonstrated extrahepatic filling defects.Despite endoscopic extraction of a biliary cast,cholestasis remained unchanged.Oral administration of ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA),750 mg/d,resulted in normalization of liver function tests.We,therefore,propose for the first time,combined endoscopic plus UDCA treatment for the management of biliary cast syndrome.(C)2008 The WJG Press.All righis reserved.

  10. AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF POSTCHOLECYSTECTOMY SYNDROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumit

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cholecystectomy is the standard treatment for symptomatic gall stone disease. This study is aimed to assess the effect of the surgery on patients' symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighty patients undergoing Cholecystectomy between September 2013 to February 2015 were evaluated using standard questionnaires in Study conducted on patients admitted in Surgical units in Maharaja Yashwantrao Hospital and MGM Medical College, a tertiary level care centre in Central India. RESULTS In this prospective study of 80 symptomatic gallstone disease patients with two or more symptoms pre-operatively the incidence of Postcholecystectomy Syndrome was found out to be 30%. All pain and non-pain symptoms were significantly reduced post-operatively except diarrhea.

  11. Acute biliary pancreatitis and cholecystolithiasis in a child:one time treatment with laparoendoscopic "Rendez-vous" procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gaetano La Greca; Michele Di Blasi; Francesco Barbagallo; Manuela Di Stefano; Saverio Latteri; Domenico Russello

    2006-01-01

    Acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) is rare in childhood and endoscopic sphincterotomy should be avoided in the child due to the risk of both early and late complications but, when necessary, the optimal timing between endoscopic procedure and cholecystectomy is still uncertain.A nine years old child with acute biliary pancreatitis underwent successfull laparo-endoscopic "Rendez-Vous" procedure in which endoscopic drainage of the common bile duct and laparoscopic cholecystectomy were performed simultaneously. This is the first case reported of laparo-endoscopic Rendez-Vous in a child. The excellent outcome of this patient and the review of the literature concerning other available options for the treatment of such cases suggest that this procedure offers great advantages, especially in children, of reducing the required number of treatments, the risk of ineffectiveness, the number of anaesthesia, the length of hospital stay and the risk of iatrogenic morbidity.

  12. EFFECTS OF METOPROLOL ON HAEMODYNAMIC RESPONSE TO CARBON DIOXIDE PNEUMOPERITONEUM FOR LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY

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    Dhurjoti Prosad

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic surgery increases arterial pressures, heart rate and systemic vascular resist a nce. In this randomized double - blind placebo - controlled clinical study, we investigated the efficacy of metoprolol to provide perioperative haemodynamic stability in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Fifty patients, of either sex (20 - 40 yrs of age undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated in two groups containing 25 patients each. Group M received bolus dose of 10 mg intravenous metoprolol before pneumoperitoneum. Group S received 0.9% saline of same volume. RESULTS: Mean arterial pressure and heart rate in Group M were significantly less throughout the period of pn eumoperitonium. Intravenous labetalol was required in 52% (13 out of 25 patients in group S to control intraoperative hypertension and it was clinically significant in comparison to group M. CONCLUSION: Metoprolol attenuates the adverse haemodynamic respo nse to pneumoperitoneum and provide haemodynamic stability during laparoscopic surgery.

  13. Post-operative duodenal fistula: percutaneous treatment and review

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    D.Huerta

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Duodenal fistula is a complex condition, relatively frequent presentation, being in most cases of postoperative origin. Among the latter, 6% to 11% are secondary to surgical treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer, and more unusual, as a complication of cholecystectomy. Two cases treated percutaneous at the Polyclinic Bank city of Buenos Aires are presented. The first, a female patient with a duodenal fistula as a postoperative complication of a perforated duodenal ulcer and the second one patient male with the same pathology but as a complication of cholecystectomy. Percutaneous treatment of this disease has been reported sporadically without having proven its usefulness. Once diagnosed the same Fistulography and obliteration were performed percutaneously achieving complete remission of the disease.

  14. Changes in Coagulation Profile During Planned Laparoscopic Operations

    OpenAIRE

    Gudz, I. M.; Tkachuk-Grigorchuk, O. O.; Tkachuk, O. L.

    2015-01-01

    Pneumoperitoneum may be a risk factor for venous thromboembolism. However, nowadays there is no reasonable algorithm for the prevention of thrombotic complications of laparoscopic interventions.The objective of the research was to assess the impact of laparoscopic surgery on coagulation parameters considering the number of other risk factors. The parameters of blood coagulation and thromboelastography in patients during laparoscopic cholecystectomy were investigated.Results. Blood coagulation...

  15. Intracorporeal Suturing and Knot Tying Broadens the Clinical Applicability of Laparoscopy

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, Jeff W.; Rivas, Homero; Cacchione, Robert N.; Ferzli, George S

    2003-01-01

    Objective: As surgeons become more experienced with basic laparoscopic procedures like cholecystectomy, they are able to expand this approach to less common operations. However, without laparoscopic suturing skills, like those obtained with Nissen fundoplication, many operations cannot be completed laparoscopically. We present a series of 10 patients with less common surgical illnesses who were successfully treated with minimal access techniques and intracorporeal suturing. Methods: Over a 6-...

  16. Early modification of sickle cell disease clinical course by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 gene promoter polymorphism

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, R.; Morais, A.; Dias, A; Soares, I; Rolão, C; Ducla-Soares, J; Braga, L.; Seixas, T.; Nunes, B.; Olim, G; Romão, L; Lavinha, J; Faustino, P

    2008-01-01

    Elevated erythrocyte destruction in sickle cell disease (SCD) results in chronic hyperbilirubinaemia and, in a subset of patients, cholelithiasis occurs. We investigated whether the (TA)n promoter polymorphism in the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 gene (UGT1A1) may modify bilirubin metabolism, influencing bilirubinaemia, predisposition to cholelithiasis and subsequent cholecystectomy, in a group of 153 young SCD patients (mean age 12.0 +/- 9.0 years) predominantly of Bantu beta S haplotype. ...

  17. Einführung der minimal-invasiven Operationstechnik zur Therapie colorectaler Erkrankungen in einem Krankenhaus der Regelversorgung

    OpenAIRE

    Schmuck, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Background The laparoscopic surgical technique causes minimal trauma to the abdominal wall. The post-operation recovery phase of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy is shorter and less painful than after open surgery techniques. Similarly, this advantage should apply to colorectal surgery. In this study we report about the first fifty-two patients with a colorectal disease, who underwent surgery during the learning curve of the surgeon. The aim of the study was to ascertain whether the laparosc...

  18. Anesthetic management of a patient with sickle cell disease for common bile duct exploration

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    Sarika Subhash Ingle

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD may present to the anesthetist in different clinical settings like perioperative care, management of acute painful crisis and intensive therapy for acute respiratory failure. We describe the successful management of a 34-year-old female patient with SCD, posted for cholecystectomy with common bile duct exploration under general and epidural anesthesia. The importance of preoperative stabilization and careful anesthetic strategy is emphasized.

  19. The importance of imaging methods in gallstone disease. Die Bedeutung bildgebender Verfahren beim Gallensteinleiden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kersjes, W. (Institut fuer Klinische Strahlenkunde, Klinikum der Johannes-Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz (Germany)); Thelen, M.

    1993-05-01

    The available surgical and non-surgical therapy options for treatment of gallstone disease are presented. Conventional cholecystectomy is regarded as standard therapy of symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. Other modes of therapy may be indicated under certain circumstances, depending on the results of imaging procedures. In this context conventional X-ray examination, oral and intravenous cholecystography, sonography, computed tomography, endoscopic retrograde cholangiography/cholecystography, and magnetic resonance imaging are discussed, and their influence on therapeutic decisions is explained. (orig.)

  20. “Adenomatous Polyps Of The Gallbladder” Adenomas oF the Gallbladder

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    Attilio Maria Farinon; Antonio Pacella; Francesco Cetta; Mario Sianesi

    1991-01-01

    The finding of adenomatous polyps of the gallbladder is a rare occurrence and an unusual clinical problem. Among 2,145 patients who underwent cholecystectomy for gallbladder disease only 9 (0.4 per cent) presented with adenomatous polyps. There were 6 women and 3 men, aged 17 to 70 years. Preoperative ultrasonographic diagnosis was made in only 1 of 7 patients with gallstones, in contrast polypoid lesions within a gallbladder without stones were easily confirmed by both ultrasonography and or...