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Sample records for chitosan composite films

  1. Chitosan composite films. Biomedical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cárdenas, Galo; Anaya, Paola; von Plessing, Carlos; Rojas, Carlos; Sepúlveda, Jackeline

    2008-06-01

    Chitosan acetate films have been prepared using chitosans from shrimps (Pleuroncodes monodon) of low and high molecular weight (LMv = 68,000 g/mol and HMv = 232,000 g/mol) and deacetylation degree of 80 and 100%, respectively. The chitosan films were obtained by addition of several additives to acetic acid chitosan solutions, such as: glycerol, oleic acid and linoleic acid in different proportions. The pH of the solutions before casting ranged from 5.0 to 6.0. The composite film thickness are reported. The films have been analyzed by FTIR showing characteristic bands corresponding to the additives. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies reveals the different morphology of the composite films. The films exhibit different physical properties depending upon the additives and/or mixture of them. The addition of glycerol to composite improves the elasticity of the films. The swelling in glucose and saline solutions for several films was evaluated, being higher in the glucose solution. The bactericide test against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomona aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii in plates with either blood and or agar tripticase showed that the molecular weight influences on the bactericidal properties of the chitosan composite films and over its effect against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Medical applications of the composite films were done in patients with burns, ulcers and injuries, the films containing glycerol showed good adhesion in comparison with those without it. The composite films tested were mainly three (1) chitosan acetate with glycerol, (2) chitosan acetate with oleic acid and (3) chitosan acetate with glycerol and oleic acid. Excellent results in the skin recovery were obtained after 7-10 days. Since the chitosan is biodegradable by the body enzymes it does not need to be removed and increases the gradual grows of the damage tissues. PMID:18165888

  2. PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES OF CHITOSAN/LIGNIN COMPOSITE FILMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Long Chen; Chang-yu Tang; Nan-ying Ning; Chao-yu Wang; Qiang Fu; Qin Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Biodegradable composite films based on chitosan and lignin with various composition were prepared via the solution-casting technique.FT-IR results indicate the existence of hydrogen bonding between chitosan and lignin,and SEM images show that lignin could be well dispersed in chitosan when the content of lignin is below 20 wt% due to the strong interfacial interaction.As a result of strong interaction and good dispersion,the tensile strength,storage modulus,thermal degradation temperature and glass transition temperature of chitosan have been largely improved by adding lignin.Our work provides a simple and cheap way to prepare fully biodegradable chitosan/lignin composites,which could be used as packaging films or wound dressings.

  3. Single polymer composites. Chitin-nanofibrils-reinforced chitosan films

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tishchenko, Galina; Peter, Jakub; Pavlova, Ewa; Brus, Jiří; Netopilík, Miloš; Pekárek, Michal; Sedláková, Zdeňka; Špírková, Milena; Rosova, E. Yu.; Elyashevich, G. K.

    Saint-Petersburg : Russian Chitin Society, 2011. s. 28. [International Conference of the European Chitin Society /10./. 20.05.2011-24.05.2011, Saint-Petersburg] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA525/08/0803 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : chitin nanofibrils * chitosan * composite films Subject RIV: FB - Endocrinology, Diabetology, Metabolism, Nutrition

  4. Polyaniline-overlaid composite chitosan/oligo(silsesquioxane) films

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rosova, E. Yu.; Tishchenko, Galina; Brus, Jiří; Kebrlová, Natálie; Elyashevich, G. K.

    Saint Petersburg : Institute of Macromolecular Compounds of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2008. P105. [International Symposium on Molecular Order and Mobility in Polymer Systems /6./. 02.06.2008-06.06.2008, Saint Petersburg] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA525/08/0803 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : composite chitosan /POSS films * PANI * conductivity Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology

  5. Functional chitosan-based grapefruit seed extract composite films for applications in food packaging technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tan, Y.M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore (Singapore); Lim, S.H.; Tay, B.Y. [Forming Technology Group, Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (Singapore); Lee, M.W. [Food Innovation and Resource Centre, Singapore Polytechnic (Singapore); Thian, E.S., E-mail: mpetes@nus.edu.sg [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

    2015-09-15

    Highlights: • Chitosan-based grapefruit seed extract (GFSE) films were solution casted. • GFSE was uniformly dispersed within all chitosan film matrices. • All chitosan-based composite films showed remarkable transparency. • Increasing amounts of GFSE incorporated increased the elongation at break of films. • Chitosan-based GFSE composite films inhibited the proliferation of fungal growth. - Abstract: Chitosan-based composite films with different amounts of grapefruit seed extract (GFSE) (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% v/v) were fabricated via solution casting technique. Experimental results showed that GFSE was uniformly dispersed within all chitosan film matrices. The presence of GFSE made the films more amorphous and tensile strength decreased, while elongation at break values increased as GFSE content increased. Results from the measurement of light transmission revealed that increasing amounts of GFSE (from 0.5 to 1.5% v/v) did not affect transparency of the films. Furthermore, packaging of bread samples with chitosan-based GFSE composite films inhibited the proliferation of fungal growth as compared to control samples. Hence, chitosan-based GFSE composite films have the potential to be a useful material in the area of food technology.

  6. Functional chitosan-based grapefruit seed extract composite films for applications in food packaging technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Chitosan-based grapefruit seed extract (GFSE) films were solution casted. • GFSE was uniformly dispersed within all chitosan film matrices. • All chitosan-based composite films showed remarkable transparency. • Increasing amounts of GFSE incorporated increased the elongation at break of films. • Chitosan-based GFSE composite films inhibited the proliferation of fungal growth. - Abstract: Chitosan-based composite films with different amounts of grapefruit seed extract (GFSE) (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% v/v) were fabricated via solution casting technique. Experimental results showed that GFSE was uniformly dispersed within all chitosan film matrices. The presence of GFSE made the films more amorphous and tensile strength decreased, while elongation at break values increased as GFSE content increased. Results from the measurement of light transmission revealed that increasing amounts of GFSE (from 0.5 to 1.5% v/v) did not affect transparency of the films. Furthermore, packaging of bread samples with chitosan-based GFSE composite films inhibited the proliferation of fungal growth as compared to control samples. Hence, chitosan-based GFSE composite films have the potential to be a useful material in the area of food technology

  7. Biodegradable composite chitosan/chitin nanofibrils films for food packaging

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tishchenko, Galina; Špírková, Milena; Pavlová, Eva; Brus, Jiří; Kelnar, Ivan; Brožová, Libuše; Peter, Jakub; Pekárek, Michal; Dohnálek, Jan; Rosova, E. Yu.; Elyashevich, G. K.; Morganti, P.

    Praha : Česká společnost chemického inženýrství, 2012. 0786. ISBN 978-80-905035-1-9. [International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2012 /20./ and Conference PRES 2012 /15./. 25.08.2012-29.08.2012, Praha] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA310/09/1407 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : chitosan * chitin nanofibrils * composite films Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology

  8. Effectiveness of silane monomer and gamma radiation on chitosan films and PCL-based composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chitosan films were prepared by casting from its 1% (w/w) solution. Tensile strength (TS) and tensile modulus (TM) of chitosan films were found to be 30 MPa and 450 MPa, respectively. Silane monomer (3-aminopropyl tri-methoxysilane) (0.25%, w/w) was added into the chitosan solution (1%, w/w) and films were casted. Then films were exposed to gamma radiation (5–25 kGy) and mechanical properties were investigated. It was found that at 10 kGy, the values of TS and TM were improved significantly. Silane grafted chitosan film reinforced poly(caprolactone) (PCL)-based tri-layer composites were prepared by compression molding. Silane improved interfacial adhesion between chitosan and PCL in composites. Surface of the films was investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and found better morphology for silane grafted films.

  9. One-step synthesis of magnetic chitosan polymer composite films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cesano, Federico; Fenoglio, Gaia; Carlos, Luciano; Nisticò, Roberto

    2015-08-01

    In this study, a magnetic iron oxide-chitosan composite film is synthesized by one-step method and thoroughly investigated in order to better understand its inorganic/organic properties. A deep physico-chemical characterization of the magnetic films has been performed. In particular, the material composition was evaluated by means of XRD and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, whereas the thermal stability and the subsequent inorganic phase transitions involving iron oxide species were followed by TGA analyses carried out at different experimental conditions (i.e. inert and oxidative atmosphere). The magnetic properties of the films were tested at the bulk and at the surface level, performing respectively magnetization hysteresis curve and magnetic force microscopy (MFM) surface mapping. Results indicate that the synthesized material can be prepared through a very simple synthetic procedure and suggests that it can be successfully applied for instance to environmental applications, such as the adsorption of contaminants from solid and liquid media thanks to its pronounced magnetic properties, which favour its recover.

  10. Biodegradable composite films from chitosan and chitin nanofibrils

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tishchenko, Galina; Kelnar, Ivan; Kaprálková, Ludmila; Pavlová, Eva; Kovářová, Jana; Mikešová, Jana; Brožová, Libuše; Strachota, Adam; Špírková, Milena; Kobera, Libor; Netopilík, Miloš; Bastl, Zdeněk; Carezzi, F.; Morganti, P.

    Pisa : University of Pisa, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, 2013, s. 58-59. [Workshop Green Chemistry and Nanotechnologies in Polymer Chemistry /4./. Pisa (IT), 04.09.2013-06.09.2013] EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 315233 - N-CHITOPACK Institutional support: RVO:61389013 ; RVO:61388955 Keywords : biodegradable films * chitosan chitin nanofibrils Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry

  11. Innovative Composite Films of Chitosan, Methylcellulose, and Nanoparticles

    OpenAIRE

    Mura, Stefania; Corrias, Francesco; Stara, Giuseppe; Piccinini, Massimo; Secchi, Nicola; Marongiu, Daniela; Innocenzi, Plinio; Irudayaraj, Joseph; Greppi, Gian F.

    2011-01-01

    Plastic is readily available and inexpensive, so it is becoming the main material for packaging. Unfortunately plastics do not biodegrade and, if reduced in small pieces, contaminate soil and waterways. In the present work, natural films composed of chitosan, methylcellulose, and silica (SiO(2)) nanoparticles (NPs) were developed as new packaging materials. The effect of the incorporation of NPs into the polymeric film matrix was evaluated. An excellent improvement of the mechanical propertie...

  12. Novel green nano composites films fabricated by indigenously synthesized graphene oxide and chitosan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Younus H; Islam, Atif; Sarwar, Afsheen; Gull, Nafisa; Khan, Shahzad M; Munawar, Muhammad A; Zia, Saba; Sabir, Aneela; Shafiq, Muhammad; Jamil, Tahir

    2016-08-01

    Graphene oxide (GO) was indigenously synthesized from graphite using standard Hummers method. Chitosan-graphene oxide green composite films were fabricated by mixing aqueous solution of chitosan and GO using dilute acetic acid as a solvent for chitosan. Chitosan of different viscosity and calculated molecular weight was used keeping amount of GO constant in each composite film. The structural properties, thermal stability and mechanical properties of the composite films were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and tensile test. FTIR studies revealed the successful synthesis of GO from graphite powder and it was confirmed that homogenous blending of chitosan and GO was promising due to oxygenated functional groups on the surface of GO. XRD indicated effective conversion of graphite to GO as its strong peak observed at 11.06° as compared to pristine graphite which appeared at 26°. Moreover, mechanical analysis confirmed the effect of molecular weight on the mechanical properties of chitosan-GO composites showing that higher molecular weight chitosan composite (GOCC-1000) showed best strength (higher than 3GPa) compared to other composite films. Thermal stability of GOCC-1000 was enhanced for which residual content increased up to 56% as compared to the thermal stability of GOCC-200 whose residue was restricted to only 24%. The morphological analysis of the composites sheets by SEM was smooth having dense structure and showed excellent interaction, miscibility, compatibility and dispersion of GO with chitosan. The prepared composite films find their applications as biomaterials in different biomedical fields. PMID:27112859

  13. Characterization of multilayered and composite edible films from chitosan and beeswax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velickova, Elena; Winkelhausen, Eleonora; Kuzmanova, Slobodanka; Moldão-Martins, Margarida; Alves, Vitor D

    2015-03-01

    Chitosan-based edible films were prepared and subjected to cross-linking reactions using sodium tripolyphosphate and/or to beeswax coating on both films interfaces. In addition, chitosan-beeswax emulsion-based films were produced. The goal of these modifications of the chitosan films was the improvement of their barrier to water vapor and to decrease their affinity to liquid water maintaining or improving the mechanical and optical properties of the original chitosan films. The cross-linking with tripolyphosphate decreased both the water vapor permeability and the water absorption capacity to about 55% and 50% of that of the original chitosan films, respectively. However, there was an increase in the films stiffness, revealed by the increased Young modulus from 42 kPa up to 336 kPa. The multilayered wax-chitosan-wax films exhibited a similar improvement of the barrier properties to water vapor, with the advantage of maintaining the mechanical properties of the original chitosan films. However, these wax-coated films showed a higher water absorption capacity, which is believed to be a consequence of water entry into small pores between the film and the wax layers. Regarding the film samples subjected to cross-linking and further coating with beeswax, a similar behavior as the uncoated cross-linked films was observed. The emulsion-based composite films were characterized by a substantial decrease of the water vapor permeability (40%), along with a decrease in their stiffness. Regarding the optical properties, all films presented a yellowish color with similar values of lightness, chroma, and hue. PMID:24285830

  14. Chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol composite films containing nitrofurazone: preparation and evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Kouchak

    2014-01-01

    The presence of PVA improves many properties of Cs-nitrofurazone films and makes them more desirable as dressing material for burn wounds. Although nitrofurazone alone is ineffective against P. aeruginosa, it is able to increase antibacterial effect of chitosan in composite films

  15. Films based on neutralized chitosan citrate as innovative composition for cosmetic application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libio, Illen C; Demori, Renan; Ferrão, Marco F; Lionzo, Maria I Z; da Silveira, Nádya P

    2016-10-01

    In this work, citrate and acetate buffers, were investigated as neutralizers to chitosan salts in order to provide biocompatible and stable films. To choose the appropriate film composition for this study, neutralized chitosan citrate and acetate films, with and without the plasticizer glycerol, were prepared and characterized by thickness, moisture content, degree of swelling, total soluble matter in acid medium, simultaneous thermal analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. Chitosan films neutralized in citrate buffer showed greater physical integrity resulted from greater thicknesses, lower moisture absorbance, lower tendency to solubility in the acid medium, and better swelling capacities. According to thermal analyses, these films had higher interaction with water which is considered an important feature for cosmetic application. Since the composition prepared in citrate buffer without glycerol was considered to present better physical integrity, it was applied to investigate hyaluronic acid release in a skin model. Skins treated with those films, with or without hyaluronic acid, show stratum corneum desquamation and hydration within 10min. The results suggest that the neutralized chitosan citrate film prepared without glycerol promotes a cosmetic effect for skin exfoliation in the presence or absence of hyaluronic acid. PMID:27287105

  16. Microstructure and characteristics of high-amylose corn starch-chitosan film as affected by composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Qianqian; Hu, Fei; Qiu, Liping

    2013-06-01

    Edible films composed of high-amylose corn starch and chitosan were developed by casting method. The effects of the ratio of high-amylose corn starch to chitosan, concentration of glycerol and methyl cellulose on the oxygen and carbon dioxide permeation, water vapor transmission, tensile strength and percent elongation at break values of edible composite films were investigated. Film microstructure was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the increase of the ratio of chitosan and content of glycerol in the film forming suspensions both made the structure of films flexible, causing the decrease of tensile strength and increase of percent elongation of composite films, while showing poor water vapor barrier properties as the water vapor transmission values increased. The addition of methyl cellulose as to reinforce the structure of matrix improved the water vapor barrier properties of the edible films with the decrease of water vapor transmission from 1946 to 1668 g/(m(2)·24 h), as well as the mechanical properties were improved as expected, which could be attributed to the differentia of the interaction between methyl cellulose and other components in the film preparation as the concentration ranged from 2% (w/w) to 8% (w/w). Films with different compositions, resulting different microstructures, showed variance in barrier and mechanical properties. PMID:23493788

  17. Sensitive electrochemical detection of Salmonella with chitosan-gold nanoparticles composite film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Cuili; Li, Ran; Adhikari, Bimalendu; She, Zhe; Li, Yongxin; Kraatz, Heinz-Bernhard

    2015-08-01

    An ultrasensitive electrochemical immunosensor for detection of Salmonella has been developed based on using high density gold nanoparticles (GNPs) well dispersed in chitosan hydrogel and modified glassy carbon electrode. The composite film has been oxidized in NaCl solution and used as a platform for the immobilization of capture antibody (Ab1) for biorecognition. After incubation in Salmonella suspension and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) conjugated secondary antibody (Ab2) solution, a sandwich electrochemical immunosensor has been constructed. The electrochemical signal was obtained and improved by comparing the composite film with chitosan film. The result has shown that the constructed sensor provides a wide linear range from 10 to 10(5) CFU/mL with a low detection limit of 5 CFU/mL (at the ratio of signal to noise, S/N=3:1). Furthermore, the proposed immunosensor has demonstrated good selectivity and reproducibility, which indicates its potential in the clinical diagnosis of Salmonella contaminations. PMID:26048833

  18. Characterization of whey protein-carboxymethylated chitosan composite films with and without transglutaminase treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Shu-Juan; Zhang, Xuan; Ma, Ying; Tuo, Yanfeng; Qian, Fang; Fu, Wenjia; Mu, Guangqing

    2016-11-20

    Edible composite packaging has the advantage of complementary functional properties over its each bio-components. However, reports on whey protein concentrates (WPC)-carboxymethylated chitosan (CMC) composite films have not yet been released. To investigate the preparation of WPC-CMC composite films and its functional properties, four types of WPC-CMC composite films were prepared with and without Transglutaminase (TGase) treatment by mixing WPC aqueous solutions (10%, w/v) with CMC aqueous solutions (3%, w/v) at WPC to CMC volume ratios of (100:0), (75:25), (50:50), and (25:75). SDS-PAGE confirmed that TGase catalyzed crosslinking of whey protein. Results revealed that CMC incorporation conferred a smooth and even surface microstructure on the films and markedly improved the transparency, water barrier properties, mechanical properties and solubility of the composite film. Furthermore, TGase resulted in an improvement in the water vapor barrier properties and mechanical properties of WPC-CMC (75:25 and 50:50, v/v) composite films, and there was no impairment of thermal stability of composite films. Therefore, TGase successfully facilitated the formation of WPC-CMC composite films with some improved functional properties. This offers potential applications as an alternative approach to the preparation of edible packaging films. PMID:27561482

  19. Controllable degradation of medical magnesium by electrodeposited composite films of mussel adhesive protein (Mefp-1) and chitosan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Ping-Li; Hou, Rui-Qing; Chen, Cheng-Dong; Sun, Lan; Dong, Shi-Gang; Pan, Jin-Shan; Lin, Chang-Jian

    2016-09-15

    To control the degradation rate of medical magnesium in body fluid environment, biocompatible films composed of Mussel Adhesive Protein (Mefp-1) and chitosan were electrodeposited on magnesium surface in cathodic constant current mode. The compositions and structures of the films were characterized by atomic force microscope (AFM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). And the corrosion protection performance was investigated using electrochemical measurements and immersion tests in simulated body fluid (Hanks' solution). The results revealed that Mefp-1 and chitosan successfully adhered on the magnesium surface and formed a protective film. Compared with either single Mefp-1 or single chitosan film, the composite film of chitosan/Mefp-1/chitosan (CPC (chitosan/Mefp-1/chitosan)) exhibited lower corrosion current density, higher polarization resistance and more homogenous corrosion morphology and thus was able to effectively control the degradation rate of magnesium in simulated body environment. In addition, the active attachment and spreading of MC3T3-E1 cells on the CPC film coated magnesium indicated that the CPC film was significantly able to improve the biocompatibility of the medical magnesium. PMID:27309944

  20. OPTICAL BAND GAP AND CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENTS OF POLYPYRROLE-CHITOSAN COMPOSITE THIN FILMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mahnaz M.Abdi; H.N.M.Ekramul Mahmud; Luqman Chuah Abdullah; Anuar Kassim; Mohamad Zaki Ab.Rahman; Josephine Liew Ying Chyi

    2012-01-01

    Electrical conductivity and optical properties of polypyrrole-chitosan (PPy-CHI) conducting polymer composites have been investigated to determine the optical transition characteristics and energy band gap of composite films.The two electrode method and Ⅰ-Ⅴ characteristic technique were used to measure the conductivity of the PPy-CHI thin films,and the optical band gap was obtained from their ultraviolet absorption edges.Depending upon experimental parameter,the optical band gap (Eg) was found within 1.30-2.32 eV as estimated from optical absorption data.The band gap of the composite films decreased as the CHI content increased.The room temperature electrical conductivity of PPy-CHI thin films was found in the range of 5.84 × 10-7-15.25 × 10-7 S.cm-1 depending on the chitosan content.The thermogravimetry analysis (TGA)showed that the CHI can improve the thermal stability of PPy-CHI composite films.

  1. Formulation and evaluation of transdermal composite films of chitosan-montmorillonite for the delivery of curcumin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakur, Garima; Singh, Amrinder; Singh, Inderbir

    2016-01-01

    Composite transdermal films of chitosan (CS)/montmorillonite K 10 (MMT) clay were prepared for the delivery of curcumin. CS/MMT films were evaluated for various physicochemical parameters. The films were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Water uptake and swelling ratio of the films was found to decrease with increase in concentration of clay. Mechanical properties of the films were assessed in terms of tensile strength and extensibility using texture analyzer. Increase in tensile strength and reduction in extensibility was reported with increase in the clay content. This was attributed to the formation of intercalated structure and restriction in mobility of CS polymeric chains with the inclusion of clay particles. In vitro drug release study on transdermal films indicated pronounced sustained release of curcumin by the incorporation of clay particles in the CS polymer matrix. Stability study indicated no significant effect on physicochemical properties of films kept at 40°C and 75% RH for 3 months. Overall CS/MMT composite transdermal films exhibited improved mechanical and sustained drug release properties. PMID:27014616

  2. Ultrafast optical nonlinearity and photoacoustic studies on chitosan-boron nitride nanotube composite films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuthirummal, Narayanan; Philip, Reji; Mohan, Athira; Jenks, Cassidy; Levi-Polyachenko, Nicole

    2016-07-01

    Ultrafast optical nonlinearity in chitosan (CS) films doped with multi-walled boron nitride nanotubes (MWBN) has been investigated using 800 nm, 100 fs laser pulses, employing the open aperture Z-scan technique. Two-photon absorption coefficients (β) of CS-MWBN films have been measured at 800 nm by Z-scan. While chitosan with 0.01% MWBN doping gives a β value of 0.28×10-13 m/W, 1% doping results in a higher β value of 1.43×10-13 m/W, showing nonlinearity enhancement by a factor of 5. These nonlinearity coefficients are comparable to those reported for silver nanoclusters in glass matrix and Pt-PVA nanocomposites, indicating potential photonic applications for MWBN doped chitosan films. Characterization of the synthesized films using Fourier transform infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy (FTIR-PAS) reveals significant interactions between the NH and CO groups of chitosan with boron nitride.

  3. Evaluation of the Mechanical Properties and Drug Permeability of Chitosan/Eudragit RL Composite Film

    OpenAIRE

    Kouchak, Maryam; Handali, Somayeh; Naseri Boroujeni, Basireh

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this study was to design and evaluate a chitosan-based film that has properties required for successful wound dressing, and can control drug penetration and maintenance time in the location. Methods Several formulations of a film containing chitosan (3%) and different concentrations of Eudragit RL (0.5%, 1%, and 1.5%) were prepared using the casting/solvent evaporating technique. Mechanical properties, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), oxygen permeability, water upta...

  4. Influence of the laser irradiation on the electrochemical and spectroscopic peculiarities of graphene-chitosan composite film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Activation of the chitosan-modified graphene cast on indium-tin-oxide electrodes was performed with laser irradiation. The composite electrodes were characterised spectroscopically and electrochemically applying Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopies, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, respectively. Significant rise in the double-layer capacitance was obtained after the laser irradiation of the modified graphene film formed from its dispersion in chitosan solution. Effect of the laser irradiation depended on a load of the modified graphene in the film. The laser treatment improved electrochemical properties of the electrodes made of the modified chitosan-graphene-film due to creation of edge defects and formation of nanocrystalline structures from graphene flakes

  5. Au/CeO{sub 2}-chitosan composite film for hydrogen peroxide sensing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang Wei [Key Laboratory of Medical Diagnostics, Ministry of Education, College of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China); Xie Guoming, E-mail: guomingxie@cqmu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Medical Diagnostics, Ministry of Education, College of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China); Li Shenfeng; Lu Lingsong; Liu Bei [Key Laboratory of Medical Diagnostics, Ministry of Education, College of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China)

    2012-08-01

    Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) were in situ synthesized at the cerium dioxide nanoparticles (CeO{sub 2}NPs)-chitosan (CS) composite film by one-step direct chemical reduction, and the resulting Au/CeO{sub 2}-CS composite were further modified for enzyme immobilization and hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) biosensing. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), UV-vis spectra and electrochemical techniques have been utilized for characterization of the prepared composite. The stepwise assembly process and electrochemical performances of the biosensor were characterized by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and typical amperometric response (i-t). The Au/CeO{sub 2}-CS composite exhibited good conductibility and biocompatibility, and the developed biosensor exhibited excellent response to hydrogen peroxide in the linear range of 0.05-2.5 mM (r = 0.998) with the detection limit of 7 {mu}M (S/N = 3). Moreover, the biosensor presented high affinity (K{sub m}{sup app}=1.93mM), good reproducibility and storage stability. All these results demonstrate that the Au/CeO{sub 2}-CS composite film can provide a promising biointerface for the biosensor designs and other biological applications.

  6. Nanocellulose reinforced chitosan composite films as affected by nanofiller loading and plasticizer content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitosan is a biopolymer obtained by N-deacetylation of chitin, produced from shellfish waste, which may be employed to elaborate edible films or coatings to enhance shelf life of food products. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of nanofiller (cellulose nan...

  7. Amperometric glucose biosensor based on a surface treated nanoporous ZrO{sub 2}/Chitosan composite film as immobilization matrix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang Yunhui [State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082 (China); College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, 650092 (China); Yang Haifeng [State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082 (China); Yang Minghui [State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082 (China); Iiu Yanli [State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082 (China); Shen Guoli [State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082 (China)]. E-mail: glshen@hnu.net.cn; Yu Ruqin [State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082 (China)

    2004-11-08

    A surface treated nanoporous ZrO{sub 2}/Chitosan composite matrix was developed to fabricate the glucose biosensor. This material combined the advantages of inorganic nanoparticles, ZrO{sub 2}, and organic polymer, Chitosan. Glucose oxidase immobilized in the material maintained its activity well as the usage of glutaraldehyde was avoided. The activity of enzyme was 5.02 times greater than the cross-linked enzyme. The interaction between ZrO{sub 2}/Chitosan and enzyme was characterized with FT-IR spectroscopy. The results of transmission electron microscopy of surface-treated ZrO{sub 2}/Chitosan film showed that the matrix was porous and highly homogeneous. The parameters affecting the fabrication and experimental conditions of biosensors were optimized. The biosensor had a fast response of less than 10 s. The linear range was 1.25 x 10{sup -5} to 9.5 x 10{sup -3} M with a detection limit of 1.0 x 10{sup -5} M at 3{sigma} and a sensitivity of 0.028 {mu}A mM{sup -1}. The biosensor retained about 75.2% of its original response after one-month storage in a phosphate buffer.

  8. Antimicrobial and physicochemical properties of chitosan-HPMC-based films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möller, Heike; Grelier, Stéphane; Pardon, Patrick; Coma, Véronique

    2004-10-20

    To prepare composite films from biopolymers with anti-listerial activity and moisture barrier properties, the antimicrobial efficiency of chitosan-hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) films, chitosan-HPMC films associated with lipid, and chitosan-HPMC films chemically modified by cross-linking were evaluated. In addition, the physicochemical properties of composite films were evaluated to determine their potential for food applications. The incorporation of stearic acid into the composite chitosan-HPMC film formulation decreased water sensitivity such as initial solubility in water and water drop angle. Thus, cross-linking of composite chitosan-HPMC, using citric acid as the cross-linking agent, led to a 40% reduction in solubility in water. The water vapor transfer rate of HPMC film, approximately 270 g x m(-2) x day(-1) x atm(-1), was improved by incorporating chitosan and was further reduced 40% by the addition of stearic acid and/or cross-linking. Anti-listerial activity of films was determined on solid medium by a numeration technique. Chitosan-HPMC-based films, with and without stearic acid, inhibited the growth of Listeria monocytogenes completely. On the other hand, a loss of antimicrobial activity after chemical cross-linking modification was observed. FTIR and 13C NMR analyses were then conducted in order to study a potential chemical modification of biopolymers such as a chemical reaction with the amino group of chitosan. To complete the study, the mechanical properties of composite films were determined from tensile strength assays. PMID:15479027

  9. Development of Chitosan/Bacterial Cellulose Composite Films Containing Nanodiamonds as a Potential Flexible Platform for Wound Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Ostadhossein

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan/bacterial cellulose composite films containing diamond nanoparticles (NDs with potential application as wound dressing are introduced. Microstructural studies show that NDs are uniformly dispersed in the matrix, although slight agglomeration at concentrations above 2 wt % is seen. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy reveals formation of hydrogen bonds between NDs and the polymer matrix. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates reduced crystallinity of the polymer matrix in the presence of NDs. Approximately 3.5-fold increase in the elastic modulus of the composite film is obtained by the addition of 2 wt % NDs. The results of colorimetric analysis show that the composite films are transparent but turn to gray-like and semitransparent at high ND concentrations. Additionally, a decrease in highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO gap is also seen, which results in a red shift and higher absorption intensity towards the visible region. Mitochondrial activity assay using L929 fibroblast cells shows that the nanocomposite films are biocompatible (>90% after 24 h incubation. Multiple lamellapodia and cell-cell interaction are shown. The results suggest that the developed films can potentially be used as a flexible platform for wound dressing.

  10. Films, Buckypapers and Fibers from Clay, Chitosan and Carbon Nanotubes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc in het Panhuis

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The mechanical and electrical characteristics of films, buckypapers and fiber materials from combinations of clay, carbon nanotubes (CNTs and chitosan are described. The rheological time-dependent characteristics of clay are maintained in clay–carbon nanotube–chitosan composite dispersions. It is demonstrated that the addition of chitosan improves their mechanical characteristics, but decreases electrical conductivity by three-orders of magnitude compared to clay–CNT materials. We show that the electrical response upon exposure to humid atmosphere is influenced by clay-chitosan interactions, i.e., the resistance of clay–CNT materials decreases, whereas that of clay–CNT–chitosan increases.

  11. Films, Buckypapers and Fibers from Clay, Chitosan and Carbon Nanotubes

    OpenAIRE

    Marc in het Panhuis; Holly Warren; Higgins, Thomas M.

    2011-01-01

    The mechanical and electrical characteristics of films, buckypapers and fiber materials from combinations of clay, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and chitosan are described. The rheological time-dependent characteristics of clay are maintained in clay–carbon nanotube–chitosan composite dispersions. It is demonstrated that the addition of chitosan improves their mechanical characteristics, but decreases electrical conductivity by three-orders of magnitude compared to clay–CNT materials. We show that ...

  12. Dielectric properties: A gateway to antibacterial assay-A case study of low-density polyethylene/chitosan composite films.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sunilkumar, M.; Gafoor, A.A.; Anas, A.; Haseena, A.P.; Sujith, A.

    to the polarization arising from difference in conductivities of the two phases.15 The volume resistivity of various polymeric systems upon the incorporation of fillers has also been studied by researchers.16, 17 Chitosan can be proposed for making bio... and fungi.18, 19 Low density polyethylene (LDPE) is a low cost material with good processability, excellent electrical insulation properties, good chemical resistance, high flexibility and low water vapor permeability .20, 21 LDPE-Chitosan composite...

  13. Design and characterization of chitosan/zeolite composite films--Effect of zeolite type and zeolite dose on the film properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Gustavo P; Debone, Henrique S; Severino, Patrícia; Souto, Eliana B; da Silva, Classius F

    2016-03-01

    Chitosan films can be used as wound dressings for the treatment of chronic wounds and severe burns. The antimicrobial properties of these films may be enhanced by the addition of silver. Despite the antimicrobial activity of silver, several studies have reported the cytotoxicity as a factor limiting its biomedical applications. This problem may, however, be circumvented by the provision of sustained release of silver. Silver zeolites can be used as drug delivery platforms to extend the release of silver. The objective of this study was to evaluate the addition of clinoptilolite and A-type zeolites in chitosan films. Sodium zeolites were initially subjected to ion-exchange in a batch reactor. Films were prepared by casting technique using a 2% w/w chitosan solution and two zeolite doses (0.1 or 0.2% w/w). Films were characterized by thermal analysis, color analysis, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and water vapor permeation. The results showed that films present potential for application as dressing. The water vapor permeability is one of the main properties in wound dressings, the best results were obtained for A-type zeolite/chitosan films, which presented a brief reduction of this property in relation to zeolite-free chitosan film. On the other hand, the films containing clinoptilolite showed lower water vapor permeation, which may be also explained by the best distribution of the particles into the polymer which also promoted greater thermal resistance. PMID:26706528

  14. Specific optical rotation indicatrices of chitosan films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudenko, Darya A.; Shipovskaya, Anna B.

    2016-04-01

    The optical activity of chitosan films in the forms of polysalt (chitosan acetate) and polybase was studied. The specific optical rotation [α] of all our films was negative. The absolute values of [α] of polybasic chitosan films was by an order of magnitude higher than that for polysalt films. A dependence of [α] on the orientation angle of the sample relative to the direction of the polarization vector of the incident light beam in the plane perpendicular to this beam was established. Specific optical rotation indicatrices of the chitosan films of both chemical forms were plotted.

  15. Modification of mechanical and thermal property of chitosan-starch blend films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuhin, Mohammad O.; Rahman, Nazia; Haque, M. E.; Khan, Ruhul A.; Dafader, N. C.; Islam, Rafiqul; Nurnabi, Mohammad; Tonny, Wafa

    2012-10-01

    Chitosan-starch blend films (thickness 0.2 mm) of different composition were prepared by casting and their mechanical properties were studied. To improve the properties of chitosan-starch films, glycerol and mustard oil of different composition were used. Chitosan-starch films, incorporated with glycerol and mustard oil, were further modified with monomer 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) using gamma radiation. The modified films showed improvement in both tensile strength and elongation at break than the pure chitosan-starch films. Water uptake of the films reduced significantly than the pure chitosan-starch film. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) showed that the modified films experience less thermal degradation than the pure films. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and FTIR were used to investigate the morphology and molecular interaction of the blend film, respectively.

  16. A Novel Biomolecular Immobilization Matrix Based on Nanoporous ZnO/Chitosan Composite Film for Amperometric Hydrogen Peroxide Biosensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun Hui YANG; Ming Hui YANG; Jian Hui JIANG; Guo Li SHEN; Ru Qin YU

    2005-01-01

    A novel ZnO/Chitosan composite matrix was developed to fabricate the H2O2 biosensor.This material combined the advantages of inorganic species, ZnO, and organic polymer, chitosan.Horseradish peroxidase immobilized in the material maintained its activity well as the usage of glutaraldehyde was avoided. The activity of enzyme was 7.9 times greater than the cross-linked enzyme. The parameters affecting the fabrication and experimental conditions of biosensors were optimized. With the aid of hydroquinone mediator, the biosensor had a fast response of less than 10s. The linear range was 5.0×10-6 to 2. 0 × 10-3 mol/L with a sensitivity of 43.8μA L/mmol.This matrix can also be used to immobilize other biomolecule.

  17. Characterization of chitosan composites with various clays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewandowska, Katarzyna; Sionkowska, Alina; Kaczmarek, Beata; Furtos, Gabriel

    2014-04-01

    The structural properties, thermal behaviour and mechanical properties of composites of chitosan (Ch) with nanoclay (montmorillonite, MMT) and/or nanoclays after surface modification have been characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and a tensile tests. The microstructure obtained by SEM and AFM microscopy for unmodified chitosan and its composites showed that particles are relatively well dispersed in the chitosan matrix. However, the increasing concentration of the chitosan solution from 1% to 2% decreases the homogeneity of the surface of the composites. In the case of chitosan composite with modified nanoclay (contains 25-30 wt.% of octadecylamine), the lack of particles aggregates in polymer matrix independent of the concentration of chitosan solution was observed. Generally, addition of nanoclay after its surface modification improved the mechanical and thermal properties of the composite much more than montmorillonite without modification. PMID:24530323

  18. Heavy Metal Removal by Chitosan and Chitosan Composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation grafting of diethyl aminoethyl methacrylate (DEAEMA) on chitosan to impart ion exchange properties and to be used for the separation of metal ions from waste water, was carried out. The effect of experimental conditions such as monomer concentration and the radiation dose on grafting were studied. On using chitosan, grafted chitosan and some chitosan composites in metal ion removal they show high up-take capacity for Cu2+ and lower uptake capacities for the other divalent metal ions used (Zn and Co). Competitive study, performed with solutions containing mixture of metal salts, showed high selectivity for Cu2+ than the other metal ion. Limited grafting of DEAEMA polymer -containing specific functional groups-onto the chitosan backbone improves the sorption performance

  19. Electrochemical and Thermal Studies of Prepared Conducting Chitosan Biopolymer Film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, chitosan based conducting bipolymer films were prepared by casting and solvent evaporating technique. All prepared chitosan films were of pale yellow colour, transparent, and smooth. Sulphuric acid was chosen as the cross-linking agent. It enhanced conduction pathway in cross-linked chitosan films. Mechanical properties, solid-state, and thermal behavior of prepared chitosan fimls were studied by means of a material testing machine, powder X-ray diffractometry (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG-DTG), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). By the XRD diffraction pattern, high molecular weight of chitosan product indicates the semi-crystalline nature, but the prepared chitosan film and doped chitosan film indicate significantly lower in crystallinity prove which of the amorphous characteristics. In addition, DSC thermogram of pure chitosan film exhibited exothermic peak around at 300 C, indicating polymer decomposition of chitosan molecules in chitosan films. Furthermore, these DSC thermograms clearly showed that while pure chitosan film display exothermal decomposition, the doped chitosan films mainly endothermic characteristics. The ionic conductivity of doped chitosan films were in the order of 10 to 10 S cm , which is in the range of semi-conductor. These results showed that cross-linked chitoson films may be used as polymer electrolyte film to fabricate solid state electrochemical cells

  20. Direct Electrochemistry of Glucose Oxidase Immobilized on Chitosan-gold Nanoparticle Composite Film on Glassy Carbon Electrodes and Its Biosensing Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase (Gox) immobilized on a composite matrix based on chitosan (CHIT) and Au nanoparticles (Au NP) underlying on a glassy carbon electrode was achieved. The cyclic voltam-metry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to characterize the modified electrode. In deaerated buffer solutions, the cyclic voltammetry of the composite films of Gox-Au NP-CHIT showed a pair of well-behaved redox peaks that were assigned to the redox reaction of Gox, confirming the effective immobilization of Gox on the composite film. The electron transfer rate constant was estimated to be 15.6 s-1, indicating a high electron transfer between the Gox redox center and electrode. The combination of CHIT and Au NP also promoted the stability of Gox in the composite film and retained its bioactivity, which might have the potential application to glucose determination. The calculated apparent Michaelis-Menten constant was 10.1 mmol·L-1. Furthermore, the proposed biosensor could be used for the determination of glucose in human plasma samples.

  1. Characterization of chitosan composites with synthetic polymers and inorganic additives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewandowska, Katarzyna

    2015-11-01

    In the present study, the results from thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), contact angle measurements, tensile tests, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) of polymer composites containing chitosan (Ch) and montmorillonite (MMT) with and without poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) are presented. Measurements of the contact angles for diiodomethane (D) and glycerol (G) on the surfaces of chitosan films, Ch/MMT and Ch/PVA/MMT, were made and surface free energies were calculated. It was found that the wettability of the chitosan/MMT or Ch/PVA/MMT composite films decreased relative to the wettability of chitosan. The microstructure of unmodified polymers and their composites, as observed by SEM and AFM, showed particles that are relatively well dispersed in the polymer matrix. The TGA thermograms and mass loss percentages at different decomposition temperatures showed that the thermal stability of the binary composite slightly decreases upon the addition of PVA. The film mechanical properties such as tensile strength, Young's modulus and tensile strain at break depend on the composition and varied non-uniformly. Both composites possessed a tensile strength and Young's modulus of 27.6-94.3MPa and 1.5-3.5GPa, respectively. The addition of PVA to the composite led to a reduction in tensile strength by approximately 40%. PMID:26253510

  2. Compatibility of Chitosan-Gelatin Films with Adipose Tissue Derived Stromal Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ling; GAO Yuan; KONG Lijun; GONG Yandao; ZHAO Nanming; ZHANG Xiufang

    2006-01-01

    Chitosan has been shown to be a promising material for various applications in tissue engineering. Recently, adipose tissue derived stromal cells (ADSCs) have been investigated as an alternative source of seed cells for tissue engineering. The compatibility of chitosan and chitosan-gelatin complexes with ADSCs is not known. In the present study, ADSCs were isolated and characterized by phenotype using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). The morphology, viability, and the ability of the ADSCs to differentiate on chitosan and chitosan-gelatin composite films with 60 wt.% gelatin were evaluated. Results show that the ADSCs are positive for CD29, CD44, and CD105, but negative for CD31, CD34, and CD45. ADSCs adhere and grow better on the composite films than on the chitosan films. The ability of ADSCs to differentiate into osteogenic and adipogenic lineage cells is not affected by their being cultured on chitosan-gelatin composite films. Therefore, chitosan-gelatin composite films are compatible with ADSCs and do not impair the ability of ADSCs to differentiate into osteogenic and adipogenic lineage cells.

  3. Electrochemical sensing of DNA immobilization and hybridization based on carbon nanotubes/nano zinc oxide/chitosan composite film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Zhang; Tao Yang; Da Ming Huang; Kui Jiao

    2008-01-01

    A novel electrochemical DNA biosensor based on zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)for DNA immobilization and enhanced hybridization detection is presented. The MWNTs/nano ZnO/chitosan composite filmmodified glassy carbon electrode (MWNTs/ZnO/CHIT/GCE) was fabricated and DNA probes were immobilized on the electrodesurface. The hybridization events were monitored by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) using methylene blue (MB) as anindicator. The sensor can effectively discriminate different DNA sequences related to PAT gene in the.transgenic corn, with adetection limit of 2.8×10-12 mol/L of target sequence.2008 Kui Jiao. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Chinese Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

  4. An electrochemical sensor for warfarin determination based on covalent immobilization of quantum dots onto carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes and chitosan composite film modified electrode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method is described for the construction of a novel electrochemical warfarin sensor based on covalent immobilization of CdS-quantum dots (CdS-QDs) onto carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes/chitosan (CS) composite film on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. The CdS-QDs/CS/MWCNTs were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, XRD analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The sensor showed optimum anodic stripping response within 90 s at an accumulation potential of 0.75 V. The modified electrode was used to detect the concentration of warfarin with a wide linear range of 0.05–80 μM and a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 8.5 nM. The proposed sensor has good storage stability, repeatability and reproducibility and was successfully applied for the determination of warfarin in real samples such as urine, serum and milk. - Highlights: • A new sensitive sensor for warfarin determination was developed. • The sensor was constructed based on covalent immobilization of CdS-QDs on the chitosan/MWCNTs/GCE. • The parameters affecting the stripping analysis of warfarin were optimized. • The proposed sensor is used for trace determination of warfarin in urine, serum and milk

  5. An electrochemical sensor for warfarin determination based on covalent immobilization of quantum dots onto carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes and chitosan composite film modified electrode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gholivand, Mohammad Bagher, E-mail: mbgholivand2013@gmail.com; Mohammadi-Behzad, Leila

    2015-12-01

    A method is described for the construction of a novel electrochemical warfarin sensor based on covalent immobilization of CdS-quantum dots (CdS-QDs) onto carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes/chitosan (CS) composite film on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. The CdS-QDs/CS/MWCNTs were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, XRD analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The sensor showed optimum anodic stripping response within 90 s at an accumulation potential of 0.75 V. The modified electrode was used to detect the concentration of warfarin with a wide linear range of 0.05–80 μM and a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 8.5 nM. The proposed sensor has good storage stability, repeatability and reproducibility and was successfully applied for the determination of warfarin in real samples such as urine, serum and milk. - Highlights: • A new sensitive sensor for warfarin determination was developed. • The sensor was constructed based on covalent immobilization of CdS-QDs on the chitosan/MWCNTs/GCE. • The parameters affecting the stripping analysis of warfarin were optimized. • The proposed sensor is used for trace determination of warfarin in urine, serum and milk.

  6. Modified carbon nanoparticle-chitosan film electrodes: Physisorption versus chemisorption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rassaei, Liza; Sillanpaeae, Mika [Laboratory of Applied Environmental Chemistry, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Kuopio, Patteristonkatu 1, 50101 Mikkeli (Finland); Marken, Frank [Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY (United Kingdom)

    2008-08-01

    Surface functionalised carbon nanoparticles of ca. 8 nm diameter co-assemble with chitosan into stable thin film electrodes at glassy carbon surfaces. Robust electrodes for application in sensing or electrocatalysis are obtained in a simple solvent evaporation process. The ratio of chitosan binder backbone to carbon nanoparticle conductor determines the properties of the resulting films. Chitosan (a poly-D-glucosamine) has a dual effect (i) as the binder for the mesoporous carbon composite structure and (ii) as binding site for redox active probes. Physisorption due to the positively charged ammonium group (pK{sub A} {approx} 6.5) occurs, for example, with anionic indigo carmine (a reversible 2e{sup -}-2H{sup +} reduction system in aqueous media). Chemisorption at the amine functionalities is demonstrated with 2-bromo-methyl-anthraquinone in acetonitrile (resulting in a reversible 2e{sup -}-2H{sup +} anthraquinone reduction system in aqueous media). Redox processes within the carbon nanoparticle-chitosan films are studied and at sufficiently high scan rates diffusion of protons (buffer concentration depended) is shown to be rate limiting. The chemisorption process provides a much more stable interfacial redox system with a characteristic and stable pH response over a pH 2-12 range. Chemisorption and physisorption can be employed simultaneously in a complementary binding process. (author)

  7. Enhanced physicochemical properties of chitosan/whey protein isolate composite film by sodium laurate-modified TiO2 nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wei; Chen, Jiwang; Chen, Yue; Xia, Wenshui; Xiong, Youling L; Wang, Hongxun

    2016-03-15

    Chitosan/whey protein isolate film incorporated with sodium laurate-modified TiO2 nanoparticles was developed. The nanocomposite film was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry, and investigated in physicochemical properties as color, tensile strength, elongation at break, water vapor permeability and water adsorption isotherm. Our results showed that the nanoparticles improved the compatibility of whey protein isolate and chitosan. Addition of nanoparticles increased the whiteness of chitosan/whey protein isolate film, but decreased its transparency. Compared with binary film, the tensile strength and elongation at break of nanocomposite film were increased by 11.51% and 12.01%, respectively, and water vapor permeability was decreased by 7.60%. The equilibrium moisture of nanocomposite film was lower than binary film, and its water sorption isotherm of the nanocomposite film fitted well to Guggenheim-Anderson-deBoer model. The findings contributed to the development of novel food packaging materials. PMID:26794738

  8. Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on gold nanoparticles/thionine/gold nanoparticles/multi-walled carbon nanotubes-chitosans composite film-modified electrode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Shenfeng; Zhu Xiaoying; Zhang Wei; Xie Guoming [Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medical Diagnostics, Ministry of Education, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China); Feng Wenli, E-mail: fengwlcqmu@sina.com [Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medical Diagnostics, Ministry of Education, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China)

    2012-01-15

    In this paper, an amperometric electrochemical biosensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}), based on gold nanoparticles (GNPs)/thionine (Thi)/GNPs/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)-chitosans (Chits) composite film was developed. MWCNTs-Chits homogeneous composite was first dispersed in acetic acid solution and then the GNPs were in situ synthesized at the composite. The mixture was dripped on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and then the Thi was deposited by electropolymerization by Au-S or Au-N covalent bond effect and electrostatic adsorption effect as an electron transfer mediator. Finally, the mixture of GNPs and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was assembled onto the modified electrode by covalent bond. The electrochemical behavior of the modified electrode was investigated by scanning electron microscope, cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. This study introduces the in situ-synthesized GNPs on the other surface of the modified materials in H{sub 2}O{sub 2} detection. The linear response range of the biosensor to H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentration was from 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -7} mol L{sup -1} to 1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} mol L{sup -1} with a detection limit of 3.75 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -8} mol L{sup -1} (based on S/N = 3).

  9. Chromium (VI) ion adsorption features of chitosan film and its chitosan/zeolite conjugate 13X film

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Teresa Tavares; Galba M. de Campos-Takaki; Villanueva, Emílio R.; Rosa Valéria S. Amorim; Anabelle C. L. Batista

    2011-01-01

    This research evaluated the importance of the adsorption properties of chitosan a chitosan/zeolite conjugate film for the removal of Cr(VI) ions from solutions in the 5–260 mg/L concentration range, when the pH was adjusted to 4.0 and 6.0. The uptake capacities of the films formed by chitosan and by the chitosan/zeolite conjugate were calculated by mass balance. The equilibrium isotherms were fitted to the Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson models. The chitosan film seems to be a good ...

  10. Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan/soy Protein Isolate Packaging Composite Film%壳聚糖/大豆分离蛋白复合包装膜的制备与表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘幸幸; 王家俊; 刘海龙; 樊春艳

    2012-01-01

    采用壳聚糖(CS)和大豆分离蛋白(SPI)为基材,制备了可降解包装膜。用红外光谱、X射线衍射和扫描电镜对复合包装膜结构进行表征。对复合包装膜的拉伸性能和透光性能进行了测试和分析。结果表明:CS和SPI之间存在一定的相互作用;当SPI质量分数为10%时,复合包装膜的拉伸性能优于纯壳聚糖膜,透光性较纯壳聚糖膜略有下降。%The degradable packaging composite films made from chitosan(CS) and soy protein isolate(SPI) were developed. The structural features of CS/SPI composite films were investigated by mean of FTIR, XRD and SEM. The tensile properties and light transmission properties of the films were tested and analyzed. The results showed that certain interaction exists between CS and SPI; when the mass fraction of SPI is 10%, thepackaging composite film has higher tensile properties than that of chitosan film with slightly lower light transmittance than chitosan film.

  11. The effect of andiroba oil and chitosan concentration on the physical properties of chitosan emulsion film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Tiemi Kimura

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Chitosan film is used as a dressing to heal burns. The physical and biological properties of the film can be modified by the addition of phytotherapic compounds. This work used the casting -solvent evaporation technique to prepare chitosan film containing andiroba oil (Carapa guianensis which has anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and healing properties. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the concentrations of chitosan and andiroba oil on the physical properties of chitosan films. The emulsion films were evaluated concerning the mechanical properties and fluid handling capacity. Additionally, scanning electron microscopy and thermal analysis were performed. The results showed that the barrier and mechanical properties were affected by the addition of andiroba oil, and these may be modulated as a function of the concentration of oil added to the film. The thermal analysis showed no evidence of chemical interactions between the oil and chitosan.

  12. Effect of the Fish Oil Fortified Chitosan Edible Film on Microbiological, Chemical Composition and Sensory Properties of Göbek Kashar Cheese during Ripening Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Objective of the present study is to investigate the effect of coated edible films with chitosan solutions enriched with essential oil (EO) on the chemical, microbial and sensory properties of Kashar cheese during ripening time. Generally, no differences were found in total aerobic mesophilic bacteria, streptococci and lactoccocci counts among cheeses but these microorganism counts increased during 60 and 90 d storage especially in C1 (uncoated sample) as compared with coated samples. Antimicrobial effectiveness of the films against moulds was measured on 30, 60, and 90 d of storage. In addition of fish EO into chitosan edible films samples were showed to affect significantly decreased the moulds (pchitosan film) on the 90th d, while in C1 as 3.89 Log CFU/g on the 90th d of ripening. Compared to other cheese samples, C2 (coated with chitosan film) and C4 coated cheese samples revealed higher levels of water-soluble nitrogen and ripening index at the end of storage. C2 coated cheese samples were preferred more by the panellists while C4 coated cheese samples received the lowest scores. PMID:27433109

  13. Electrochemical sensor using neomycin-imprinted film as recognition element based on chitosan-silver nanoparticles/graphene-multiwalled carbon nanotubes composites modified electrode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian, Wenjing; Liu, Su; Yu, Jinghua; Li, Jie; Cui, Min; Xu, Wei; Huang, Jiadong

    2013-06-15

    A novel imprinted electrochemical sensor for neomycin recognition was developed based on chitosan-silver nanoparticles (CS-SNP)/graphene-multiwalled carbon nanotubes (GR-MWCNTs) composites decorated gold electrode. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were synthesized by electropolymerization using neomycin as the template, and pyrrole as the monomer. The mechanism of the fabrication process and a number of factors affecting the activity of the imprinted sensor have been discussed and optimized. The characterization of imprinted sensor has been carried out by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The performance of the proposed imprinted sensor has been investigated using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and amperometry. Under the optimized conditions, the linear range of the sensor was from 9×10(-9)mol/L to 7×10(-6)mol/L, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 7.63×10(-9)mol/L (S/N=3). The film exhibited high binding affinity and selectivity towards the template neomycin, as well as good reproducibility and stability. Furthermore, the proposed sensor was applied to determine the neomycin in milk and honey samples based on its good reproducibility and stability, and the acceptable recovery implied its feasibility for practical application. PMID:23395725

  14. Preparation and Characterization of Composite Drug Membranes of Gelatin/Chitosan to Ocular

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Composite drug membranes of gelatin/chitosan for therapy of glaucoma by trabeculectomy were prepared through solvent volatilization, using triamcinolone acetonide as a model drug. The membranes were characterized by FT- IR, X-RD and SEM. Their degradability and swelling ability and biocompatibility were studied. The results showed that biocompatibility , flexibility, swelling ability and degradability of the composite films were better than pure film of chitosan . The composite membrane containing 25% (w/w) of gelatin was best. The drug was loaded in film in crystallite. The rabbit eyes experiment after 8 weeks showed that the form of follicle was all right, and ophthalmototus maintain in the perfect level.

  15. Novel transparent nanocomposite films based on chitosan and bacterial cellulose

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Susana C. M.; Oliveira, Lúcia; Freire, Carmen S. R.; Silvestre, Armando J. D.; Neto, Carlos Pascoal; Gandini, Alessandro; Desbriéres, Jacques

    2009-01-01

    New nanocomposite films based on different chitosan matrices (two chitosans with different DPs and one water soluble derivative) and bacterial cellulose were prepared by a fully green procedure by casting a water based suspension of chitosan and bacterial cellulose nanofibrils. The films were characterized by several techniques, namely SEM, AFM, X-ray diffraction, TGA, tensile assays and visible spectroscopy. They were highly transparent, flexible and displayed better mechanical properties th...

  16. Characterization and bacterial adhesion of chitosan-perfluorinated acid films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierbrauer, Karina L; Alasino, Roxana V; Muñoz, Adrián; Beltramo, Dante M; Strumia, Miriam C

    2014-02-01

    We reported herein the study and characterization of films obtained by casting of chitosan solutions in perfluorinated acids, trifluoroacetic (TFA), perfluoropropionic (PFPA), and perfluorooctanoic (PFOA). The films were characterized by FTIR, solid state (13)C NMR, X-ray, AFM, contact angle, thermogravimetric effluent analysis by mass spectrometry, and rheology. The results showed a marked influence of chain length of the perfluorinated acids on the hydrophobic/hydrophilic ratio of the modified chitosan films which was evidenced by the different characteristics observed. The material that showed greater surface stability was chitosan-PFOA. Chitosan film with the addition of PFOA modifier became more hydrophobic, thus water vapor permeability diminished compared to chitosan films alone, this new material also depicted bacterial adhesion which, together with the features already described, proves its potential in applications for bioreactor coating. PMID:24189195

  17. Adsorption of fucoidan and chitosan sulfate on chitosan modified PET films monitored by QCM-D

    OpenAIRE

    Indest, Tea; Laine, Janne; Johansson, Leena Sisko; Stana-Kleinschek, Karin; Strnad, Simona; Dworczak, Renate; Ribitsch, Volker

    2012-01-01

    The adsorption behavior of fucoidan as well as chitosan derivatives (chitosan sulfate) on poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) model film surface was studied using the quartz crystal microbalance technique. These systems were chosen for this study due to their promising biocompatible properties. Moreover, fucoidan and chitosan sulfate have promising anticoagulant properties and represent an alternative to heparin treatment of vascular grafts. As a first step, PET foils were activated by alkalin...

  18. Direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of horseradish peroxidase based on halloysite nanotubes/chitosan nanocomposite film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun Xiumei; Zhang Yao; Shen Hebai [Department of Chemistry, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234 (China); Jia Nengqin, E-mail: nqjia@shnu.edu.c [Department of Chemistry, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, 100 Guilin Road, Shanghai 200234 (China)

    2010-12-30

    The novel halloysite nanotubes/chitosan (HNTs/Chi) composite films were firstly explored to utilize for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and their bioelectrochemical properties were studied, in which the biopolymer chitosan was used as a binder to increase film adherence on glassy carbon (GC) electrode. UV-vis and FTIR spectroscopy demonstrated that HRP in the composite film could retain its native secondary structure. A pair of well-defined redox peaks of HRP was obtained at the HRP/HNTs/Chi composite film-modified electrode, exhibiting its fast direct electron transfer (DET). Furthermore, the immobilized HRP displayed its good electrocatalytic activity for the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}). The results demonstrate that the HNTs/Chi composite film may improve the enzyme loading with the retention of bioactivity and greatly promote the direct electron transfer, which can be attributed to its unique tubular structure, high specific surface area, and good biocompatibility.

  19. Comparative Study of Different Cross-Linking Agents for the Immobilization of Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes within a Chitosan Film Supported on a Graphite−Epoxy Composite Electrode

    OpenAIRE

    Pauliukaite, Rasa; Ghica, Mariana Emilia; Fatibello-Filho, Orlando; Brett, Christopher M. A.

    2009-01-01

    The effectiveness of immobilization of functionalized carbon nanotubes into chitosan using different cross-linking agents has been evaluated. The cross-linkers used were glyoxal (GO), glutaraldehyde (GA), epichlorohydrin (ECH), and 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide together with N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS), and the nanotubes were retained on graphite epoxy resin composite electrodes. The nanotube modified electrodes have been characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electr...

  20. Effect of composition and properties of chitosan-based edible coatings on microflora of meat and meat products

    OpenAIRE

    Denis A. Baranenko; Valentina S. Kolodyaznaya; Natalia A. Zabelina

    2013-01-01

    Background. Analysis of the properties of various chitosan grades has resulted in a working hypothesis that chitosan can be used as part of protective film-forming coatings for meat and meat products. The aim of this study was the research of composition, properties and antibacterial activity of chitosan-based coatings used for cold storage of meat and meat products. Material and methods. Protective coatings, developed by the authors, based on organic acids and chi- tosan with food gelat...

  1. [Konjac glucomannan-collagen -chitosan blend films (I)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bi; Wang, Kunyu; Dan, Weihu; Zhang, Tingyou; Ye, Yong

    2006-02-01

    Konjac glucomannan-collagen-chitosan blend films were prepared successfully by the solvent-casting method and were characterized by FT-IR,X-ray diffraction, SEM and optical transmittance. Moreover, tensile strength, breaking extension, water absorption, water vapor permeation coefficients, adsorbability and penetrating rates were measured. The results indicated that some strong interaction and good compatibility existed among Konjac glucomannan /collagen and chitosan in the blend films. Some properties of the KCCS films were improved markedly in comparison with binary blend films or Konjac glucomannan, collagen and chitosan film. The results of culturing vessel endothelial cells on CKCS-5 film showed that the blend films have good cell compatibility which indicates the potential for a scalfold material in tissue engineering. PMID:16532821

  2. Comprehensive characterization of chitosan/PEO/levan ternary blend films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostan, Muge Sennaroglu; Mutlu, Esra Cansever; Kazak, Hande; Sinan Keskin, S; Oner, Ebru Toksoy; Eroglu, Mehmet S

    2014-02-15

    Ternary blend films of chitosan, PEO (300,000) and levan were prepared by solution casting method and their phase behavior, miscibility, thermal and mechanical properties as well as their surface energy and morphology were characterized by different techniques. FT-IR analyses of blend films indicated intermolecular hydrogen bonding between blend components. Thermal and XRD analysis showed that chitosan and levan suppressed the crystallinity of PEO up to nearly 25% of PEO content in the blend, which resulted in more amorphous film structures at higher PEO/(chitosan+levan) ratios. At more than 30% of PEO concentration, contact angle (CA) measurements showed a surface enrichment of PEO whereas at lower PEO concentrations, chitosan and levan were enriched on the surfaces leading to more amorphous and homogenous surfaces. This result was further confirmed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) images. Cell proliferation and viability assay established the high biocompatibility of the blend films. PMID:24507374

  3. Structural analysis, and antioxidant and antibacterial properties of chitosan-poly (vinyl alcohol) biodegradable films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajji, Sawssen; Chaker, Achraf; Jridi, Mourad; Maalej, Hana; Jellouli, Kemel; Boufi, Sami; Nasri, Moncef

    2016-08-01

    The development and characterization of biodegradable blend films based on chitosan and poly (vinyl alcohol) for possible use in a variety of biological activities are reported. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectra of chitosan-poly (vinyl alcohol) (Ch/PVA) films showed characteristics peaks shifting to a lower frequency range due to hydrogen bonding between -OH of PVA and -NH2 of chitosan. The chitosan and PVA polymers presented good compatibility. The morphology study of chitosan and composite films showed a compact and homogenous structure. The tensile strength and elongation at break increased with PVA content. In fact, the highest tensile strength and elongation at break (53.58 MPa and 454 %) occurs with pure PVA film. The results showed that PVA incorporation in the blends contributes to increase the intermolecular interactions, thus improving the mechanical properties. In addition, the prepared films demonstrated high antioxidant activities monitored by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging, reducing power, and β-carotene bleaching activity. Nevertheless, PVA addition reduced antioxidant and antibacterial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria tested. PMID:27106077

  4. The Importance of Chitosan Films in Food Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Filiz Uçan; Hatice Aysun Mercimek

    2013-01-01

    Requirement simple technology, low production costs, lack of polluting effects and reliability in terms of health of it is the most important advantages of edible films. Chitosan that extend the shelf life of food and increase the economic efficiency of packaging materials is one of the new materials used for edible films. Chitosan was obtained by deacetylation of chitin which is the most commonly occurred polymer after cellulose in nature, in shells of arthropods such as crab, shrimp, lobste...

  5. Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan/Agar Blended Films: Part 2. Thermal, Mechanical, and Surface Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Elhefian, Esam. A.; Mohamed Mahmoud NASEF; Yahaya, Abdul Hamid

    2012-01-01

    Chitosan/agar (CS/AG) films were prepared by blending different proportions of chitosan and agar (considering chitosan as the major component) in solution forms. The thermal stability of the blended films was studied using thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). It was revealed that chitosan and agar form a compatible blend. Studying the mechanical properties of the films showed a decrease in the tensile strength and elongation at break with increasing agar content. Blending of agar with chitosan...

  6. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing

    OpenAIRE

    Oana Maria Dragostin; Sangram Keshari Samal; Florentina Lupascu; Andreea Pânzariu; Peter Dubruel; Dan Lupascu; Cristina Tuchilus; Cornelia Vasile; Lenuta Profire

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol) in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic prop...

  7. Solid-state and mechanical properties of aqueous chitosan-amylose starch films plasticized with polyols

    OpenAIRE

    Cervera, Mirna Fernández; Heinämäki, Jyrki; Krogars, Karin; Jörgensen, Anna C.; Karjalainen, Milja; Colarte, Antonio Iraizoz; Yliruusi, Jouko

    2004-01-01

    The film-forming ability of chitosan and binary mixtures of chitosan and native amylose corn starch (Hylon VII) was evaluated with free films prepared by a casting/solvent evaporation method. Unplasticized and plasticized free chitosan films in aqueous acetic acid and respective films containing a mixture of chitosan and native amylose starch in acetic acid were prepared. Glycerol, sorbitol, and i-erythritol were used as plasticizers. Solid-state and mechanical properties of the films were st...

  8. Optical activity of chitosan films with induced anisotropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gegel, Natalia O.; Shipovskaya, Anna B.

    2016-04-01

    The optical anisotropy and optical activity of salt and basic chitosan films, both initial and modified in formic acid vapor were studied. The modification of such films was found to be accompanied by induced time-stable optical anisotropy, by varying the values of specific optical rotation [α] and an inversion of the sign of [α]. The angular dependences (indicatrices) of the specific optical rotation of films on the orientation angle of the sample relative to the direction of the polarization vector of the incident light beam in a plane perpendicular to the beam were obtained. The indicatrices of the initial chitosan films have an almost symmetrical character while those of the films modified in formic acid vapor are irregular. It is concluded of the formation of a vitrified cholesteric mesophase in the chitosan films with induced optical anisotropy.

  9. Development and characterization of chitosan/hyaluronan film for transdermal delivery of thiocolchicoside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigucci, Federica; Abruzzo, Angela; Saladini, Bruno; Gallucci, Maria Caterina; Cerchiara, Teresa; Luppi, Barbara

    2015-10-01

    The objective of this study was the development of chitosan/hyaluronan transdermal films to improve bioavailability of thiocolchicoside. This approach offers the possibility to elude the first-pass metabolism and at the same time it is able to provide a predictable and extended duration of activity. Films were prepared by casting and drying of aqueous solutions containing different weight ratios of chitosan and hyaluronan and characterized for their physico-chemical and functional properties. In accordance with polymeric composition of films and, therefore, with the amount of the net charge after the complexation, films containing the same weight ratio of chitosan and hyaluronan showed lower water uptake ability with respect to films containing only one polymeric species or an excess of chitosan or hyaluronan. Moreover, the lower the hydration of the polymeric network, the lower is the drug diffusion through the films and its permeation through the skin. This study clearly confirmed that the selection of a suitable polymeric weight ratio and appropriate preparative conditions allows the modulation of film functional properties, suggesting that these formulations could be used as a novel technological platform for transdermal drug delivery. PMID:26076598

  10. Synthesis and Characterization of Oil-Chitosan Composite Spheres

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Keng-Shiang; Wang, Chih-Yu; Yang, Chih-Hui; Grumezescu, Alexandru; Lin, Yung-Sheng; Kung, Chao-Pin; Lin, I-Yin; Chang, Yi-Ching; Weng, Wei-Jie; Wang, Wei-Ting

    2013-01-01

    Oil-chitosan composite spheres were synthesized by encapsulation of sunflower seed oil in chitosan droplets, dropping into NaOH solution and in situ solidification. Hydrophilic materials (i.e., iron oxide nanoparticles) and lipophilic materials (i.e., rhodamine B or epirubicin) could be encapsulated simultaneously in the spheres in a one step process. The diameters of the prepared spheres were 2.48 ± 0.11 mm (pure chitosan spheres), 2.31 ± 0.08 mm (oil-chitosan composites), 1.49 ± 0.15 mm (ir...

  11. Synthesis of fish scales gelatin-chitosan crosslinked films by gamma irradiation techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gelatin is an important component of fish scales. Nowadays, attention has increased concerning the application of gelatin.The aim of this research was to improve the mechanical properties of gelatin produced from fish scales, which concurrently could increase the usefulness of fish scales. Gelatin (G) is prone to degrade or dissolve in water at room temperature, therefore to enhance its lifetime, it has to be modified with other compound such as chitosan. Chitosan (Cs) is a biodegradable polymer, which has biocompatibility and antibacterial properties. In this study, gelatin solution was mixed with chitosan solution in various ratios (G/Cs: 100/0, 75/25, 50/50, 25/75, 0/100), casted at room temperature to make composite films, then tested for the effectiveness of various gamma irradiation doses (10-40 kGy) for crosslinking of the two polymers. Chemical changes of the films were measured by FT-IR, gel fractions were determined by gravimetry, and mechanical properties were determined by tensile strength and elongation at break using universal testing machine. At optimum conditions ( 30 kGy and 75% Cs), the gel fraction, tensile strength, and elongation at break were higher leading to a stronger composite films as compared to the gelatin film. FTIR spectral analysis showed that gelatin and chitosan formed a crosslinked network. It was concluded that G-Cs films prepared by gamma irradiation have improved their mechanical properties than the gelatin itself. (author)

  12. Investigating Effects of Gelatin-Chitosan Film on Culture of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells in Rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Karami joyani

    2015-02-01

    Conclusion: Results of proliferation,differentiation and apoptosis cultured BMSCs on a gelatin-chitosan film showed that gelatin-chitosan film can be used as a good model of a biodegradable scaffold in tissue engineering and cell therapy.

  13. Synthesis and Characterization of Oil-Chitosan Composite Spheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Ting Wang

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Oil-chitosan composite spheres were synthesized by encapsulation of sunflower seed oil in chitosan droplets, dropping into NaOH solution and in situ solidification. Hydrophilic materials (i.e., iron oxide nanoparticles and lipophilic materials (i.e., rhodamine B or epirubicin could be encapsulated simultaneously in the spheres in a one step process. The diameters of the prepared spheres were 2.48 ± 0.11 mm (pure chitosan spheres, 2.31 ± 0.08 mm (oil-chitosan composites, 1.49 ± 0.15 mm (iron-oxide embedded oil-chitosan composites, and 1.69 ± 0.1 mm (epirubicin and iron oxide encapsulated oil-chitosan composites, respectively. Due to their superparamagnetic properties, the iron-oxide embedded oil-chitosan composites could be guided by a magnet. A lipophilic drug (epirubicin could be loaded in the spheres with encapsulation rate measured to be 72.25%. The lipophilic fluorescent dye rhodamine B was also loadable in the spheres with red fluorescence being observed under a fluorescence microscope. We have developed a novel approach to an in situ process for fabricating oil-chitosan composite spheres with dual encapsulation properties, which are potential multifunctional drug carriers.

  14. Synthesis and characterization of oil-chitosan composite spheres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Keng-Shiang; Wang, Chih-Yu; Yang, Chih-Hui; Grumezescu, Alexandru Mihai; Lin, Yung-Sheng; Kung, Chao-Pin; Lin, I-Yin; Chang, Yi-Ching; Weng, Wei-Jie; Wang, Wei-Ting

    2013-01-01

    Oil-chitosan composite spheres were synthesized by encapsulation of sunflower seed oil in chitosan droplets, dropping into NaOH solution and in situ solidification. Hydrophilic materials (i.e., iron oxide nanoparticles) and lipophilic materials (i.e., rhodamine B or epirubicin) could be encapsulated simultaneously in the spheres in a one step process. The diameters of the prepared spheres were 2.48 ± 0.11 mm (pure chitosan spheres), 2.31 ± 0.08 mm (oil-chitosan composites), 1.49 ± 0.15 mm (iron-oxide embedded oil-chitosan composites), and 1.69 ± 0.1 mm (epirubicin and iron oxide encapsulated oil-chitosan composites), respectively. Due to their superparamagnetic properties, the iron-oxide embedded oil-chitosan composites could be guided by a magnet. A lipophilic drug (epirubicin) could be loaded in the spheres with encapsulation rate measured to be 72.25%. The lipophilic fluorescent dye rhodamine B was also loadable in the spheres with red fluorescence being observed under a fluorescence microscope. We have developed a novel approach to an in situ process for fabricating oil-chitosan composite spheres with dual encapsulation properties, which are potential multifunctional drug carriers. PMID:23681059

  15. PLA/chitosan/keratin composites for biomedical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanase, Constantin Edi, E-mail: etanase@live.com [Faculty of Medical Bioengineering, ‘Grigore T. Popa’ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 9-13 Kogalniceanu Street, 700454 Iasi (Romania); Spiridon, Iuliana [“Petru Poni” Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, 41A Grigore Ghica Voda Alley, 700487 Iasi (Romania)

    2014-07-01

    Novel composites based on PLA, chitosan and keratin was obtained via blend preparation. The goal of this contribution was to evaluate mechanical and in vitro behavior of the composites. The results point out composites with improved Young modulus and decreased tensile strength, significant increase in hardness (compared to PLA) and a good uptake of the surface properties. Biological assessments using human osteosarcoma cell line on these composites indicate a good viability/proliferation outcome. Hence preliminary results regarding mechanical behavior and in vitro osteoblast response suggest that these composites might have prospective application in medical field. - Highlights: • PLA, chitosan and keratin composites are prepared by blend preparation. • PLA, chitosan and keratin composites present improved mechanical properties and water uptake compare to PLA. • PLA, chitosan and keratin composites present good in vitro behavior.

  16. PLA/chitosan/keratin composites for biomedical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novel composites based on PLA, chitosan and keratin was obtained via blend preparation. The goal of this contribution was to evaluate mechanical and in vitro behavior of the composites. The results point out composites with improved Young modulus and decreased tensile strength, significant increase in hardness (compared to PLA) and a good uptake of the surface properties. Biological assessments using human osteosarcoma cell line on these composites indicate a good viability/proliferation outcome. Hence preliminary results regarding mechanical behavior and in vitro osteoblast response suggest that these composites might have prospective application in medical field. - Highlights: • PLA, chitosan and keratin composites are prepared by blend preparation. • PLA, chitosan and keratin composites present improved mechanical properties and water uptake compare to PLA. • PLA, chitosan and keratin composites present good in vitro behavior

  17. 纳米纤维素晶须/壳聚糖天然可降解复合膜的制备与性能%Preparation and Properties of Nanocellulose Whiskers/Chitosan Natural Biodegradable Composite Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐寅; 王家俊; 刘幸幸; 吴鲜鲜

    2011-01-01

    Natural biodegradable composite films are prepared from nanocellulose whiskers(NCW) as reinforcement and chitosan(CS) as matrix via solution casting technique. The structures of the films are characterized by SEM, FT-IR, and XRD; Dynamic mechanical properties, tensile performance under dry and wet conditions are also tested. The results show that the composite films exhibite good miscibility; NCW significantly increases films' storage modulus, tensile modulus and strength. NCW promises to further widen applications and areas of CS material.%以纳米纤维素晶须(NCW)为增强体、壳聚糖(CS)为基体,通过流延法制得天然可降解复合膜.通过电子显微镜( SEM)、红外光谱(FT-IR)、X射线衍射(XRD)等手段对复合膜进行结构表征,并对复合膜的动态力学性能、干湿态拉伸性能进行了测试.结果表明:NCW与CS具有很好的相容性;NCW的加入显著提高了CS膜的储能模量、拉伸模量和拉伸强度.NCW能够进一步拓宽CS材料的应用领域和价值.

  18. Chitosan-film enhanced chitosan nerve guides for long-distance regeneration of peripheral nerves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Cora; Stenberg, Lena; Gonzalez-Perez, Francisco; Wrobel, Sandra; Ronchi, Giulia; Udina, Esther; Suganuma, Seigo; Geuna, Stefano; Navarro, Xavier; Dahlin, Lars B; Grothe, Claudia; Haastert-Talini, Kirsten

    2016-01-01

    Biosynthetic nerve grafts are developed in order to complement or replace autologous nerve grafts for peripheral nerve reconstruction. Artificial nerve guides currently approved for clinical use are not widely applied in reconstructive surgery as they still have limitations especially when it comes to critical distance repair. Here we report a comprehensive analysis of fine-tuned chitosan nerve guides (CNGs) enhanced by introduction of a longitudinal chitosan film to reconstruct critical length 15 mm sciatic nerve defects in adult healthy Wistar or diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats. Short and long term investigations demonstrated that the CNGs enhanced by the guiding structure of the introduced chitosan film significantly improved functional and morphological results of nerve regeneration in comparison to simple hollow CNGs. Importantly, this was detectable both in healthy and in diabetic rats (short term) and the regeneration outcome almost reached the outcome after autologous nerve grafting (long term). Hollow CNGs provide properties likely leading to a wider clinical acceptance than other artificial nerve guides and their performance can be increased by simple introduction of a chitosan film with the same advantageous properties. Therefore, the chitosan film enhanced CNGs represent a new generation medical device for peripheral nerve reconstruction. PMID:26517563

  19. Chitosan based edible films and coatings: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsabee, Maher Z; Abdou, Entsar S

    2013-05-01

    Chitosan is a biodegradable biocompatible polymer derived from natural renewable resources with numerous applications in various fields, and one of which is the area of edible films and coatings. Chitosan has antibacterial and antifungal properties which qualify it for food protection, however, its weak mechanical properties, gas and water vapor permeability limit its uses. This review discusses the application of chitosan and its blends with other natural polymers such as starch and other ingredients for example essential oils, and clay in the field of edible films for food protection. The mechanical behavior and the gas and water vapor permeability of the films are also discussed. References dealing with the antimicrobial behavior of these films and their impact on food protection are explored. PMID:23498203

  20. Development of novel guava puree films containing chitosan nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorevice, Marcos V; de Moura, Márcia R; Aouada, Fauze A; Mattoso, Luiz H C

    2012-03-01

    One of the overall goals of industries is to use packages that do not cause environmental problems at disposal time, but that have the same properties as the conventional ones. The goal of this study is to synthesize edible films based on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) with guava puree and chitosan (CS) nanoparticles. This was divided into two stages, the first is the synthesis of chitosan nanoparticles and the second is the production of the films. For the nanoparticles, average size and zeta potential measurements were performed. The characterizations of mechanical and thermal properties, solubility and water vapor permeability tests were conducted in the films. It was observed that when the nanoparticles were added to HPMC and guava puree films, they improved their mechanical and thermal properties, as well as decreased the films solubility and permeability. The potential application of the films prepared would be in edible films with flavor and odor to extend the shelf life of products. PMID:22755113

  1. Synthesis and properties of chitosan/polypeptide bioconjugate composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adhesive polypeptide containing the key component of mussel adhesive protein was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization, and a hybrid material of the adhesive polypeptide and chitosan was prepared through the solution method. Some strong hydrogen bond interaction existed, but without the chemical bond between chitosan and polypeptide molecular in the composites, which was demonstrated by IR and XRD. Tensile strength and elongation-at-break of the composite increased with the increase of the polypeptide content. However, the mechanical properties decreased when the content of polypeptide was more than 2% in the composite; all in all, the mechanical properties of the composite were better than the pure chitosan. Furthermore, the introduction of polypeptide was beneficial in improving the hydrophilicity and cell affinity of the composite. The results indicated that the novel chitosan/polypeptide composite has excellent biocompatibility, which could be a scaffold material for cell culture in tissue engineering

  2. Preparation, characterization and in vitro evaluation of nanostructured chitosan/apatite and chitosan/Si-doped apatite composites

    OpenAIRE

    Solis, Yaimara; Davidenko, Natalia; Carrodeguas, Raul G.; Cruz, Jeny; Hernandez, Andy; Tomas, Miriela; Cameron, Ruth Elizabeth; Peniche, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Chitosan/apatite composites are attracting great attention as biomaterials for bone repair and regeneration procedures. The reason is their unique set of properties: bioactivity and osteoconductivity provided by apatite and resorbability supplied by chitosan among others. Thus, in this work chitosan/apatite and chitosan/Si-doped apatite composites were prepared and characterized. Particle size, surface area, in vitro physiological stability, enzymatic biodegradation and bioactivity were evalu...

  3. Small angle neutron scattering analysis of chitosan- silver nanocomposite films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently biopolymers are extensively studied for the development of solid polymer electrolytes. Studies relating to interaction of nanoparticles with biopolymers are essential to furthering research in solid polymer electrolytes. In our research we have tried to understand the interaction between chitosan and silver nanoparticles during reduction process. Chitosan is linear polysaccharides obtained from the deacetylation of chitin. It is soluble in acidic medium and the D-glucosamine unit gets protonated leading to poly cationic polymer. It has wide potential applications in medical, water engineering, sensors, and in micro device fabrication due to its unique physiochemical properties including biocompatibility and non toxicity. It also acts as both reducing and stabilizing agent for the metal ions via ion pair interaction. Silver nanoparticles are used as filler due to its well-known effectiveness in biomedical, electronic, catalytic and optical applications. In this research we have synthesized chitosan - silver films. The films were synthesized by solution casting method and polymer films of thickness ~ 100 μm were obtained. The chitosan - silver films were also dipped in hydrazine hydrate for comparison. Various characterizations techniques such as XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM and SANS were used. SEM and TEM showed structural modifications in the chitosan- silver film which is enhanced when dipped in hydrazine hydrate. Interestingly, Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) showed that fractals were formed in the chitosan- silver films both dipped and undipped in hydrazine hydrate. Electrical characterization studies showed that the conductivity was affected due to formation of silver nanoparticles. These films have potential application in solid batteries.

  4. Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan/Agar Blended Films: Part 1. Chemical Structure and Morphology

    OpenAIRE

    Esam A. El-Hefian; Mohamed Mahmoud NASEF; Yahaya, Abdul Hamid

    2012-01-01

    Chitosan/agar (CS/AG) films were prepared by blending different proportions of chitosan and agar (considering chitosan as the main component) in solution forms. The chemical structure and the morphology of the obtained blended films were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). It was revealed that chitosan and agar form a highly compatible blend and their films displayed homogenous and smooth surface properties compared to ...

  5. Montmorillonite/graphene oxide/chitosan composite: Synthesis, characterization and properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Mithilesh; Ahmad, Sharif

    2015-08-01

    The present work reports the successful preparation, thermal and mechanical characterization of high performance films of Na(+) montmorillonite (MMT)/graphene oxide (GO)/chitosan (CS) composite using simple solution mixing evaporation method. The formations of films were verified by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy. The thermal stability and mechanical properties of these films were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and mechanical testing (Instron 8871). The results obtained from these studies revealed that the composites of chitosan, MMT, and graphene oxide were homogeneous in nature. A synergistic effect of MMT and GO reinforcing on chitosan matrix was observed for the first time, in case of 5 wt.% MMT and 1 wt.% GO. The tensile strength of (5 wt.%) MMT/(1 wt.%) GO/CS composite was formed 9±0.23% and 27±0.25% higher than that of the (1 wt.%) GO/CS composite and chitosan, respectively. PMID:26047900

  6. PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SOLUBLE EGGSHELL MEMBRANE PROTEIN/CHITOSAN BLEND FILMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing-lei Qi; Qiang Li; Jian-wei Lu; Zhao-xia Guo; Jian Yu

    2009-01-01

    Biopolymer chitosan was used to modify the mechanical properties of soluble eggshell membrane protein (SEP) films. The SEP/chitosan blend films were prepared by solution casting from 10% aqueous acetic acid. Tensile strength and elongation at break of the blend films increased with increasing amount of chitosan. Microphase separation was observed by field emission scanning electron microscopy, although interaction between the two components was revealed by FTIR. The biocompatibility of SEP/chitosan blend flints containing 10%-50% of chitosan, as demonstrated by cell culture of NIH3T3, was much better than that of pure chitosan.

  7. Bridging peripheral nerve defect with chitosan-collagen film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏欣; 劳杰; 顾玉东

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To seek new method for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury. Methods: In rat model with sciatic nerve defect, chitosan-collagen film was sutured into conduit to bridge 5 mm, 10 mm nerve defects. Rats that underwent end-to-end anastomosis were taken as controls. General observation, electrophysiological study, histological study and image analysis were performed at 4, 8, 12 weeks postoperatively. Results: In 5 mm nerve defects, the quality of nerve regeneration was similar to that of the control group. For 10 mm nerve defect, nerve regeneration was inferior to that of the control group. Chitosan-collagen film obviously degraded at 12 weeks postoperatively. Conclusions: Chitosan-collagen film conduit can be used to bridge peripheral nerve defect.

  8. Glucose Biosensor Based on the Chitosan/Glutathione Composite Film%基于谷胱甘肽-壳聚糖自组装的葡萄糖生物传感器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高先娟; 王怀生; 蔡青云

    2013-01-01

    采用壳聚糖-谷胱甘肽复合膜固定葡萄糖氧化酶构建电流型葡萄糖生物传感器.通过循环伏安法对酶膜状态进行表征,实验结果表明,壳聚糖-谷胱甘肽复合膜可以辅助电子传递,提高电极的电流响应.选用正交表L9(34)设计实验方案,分析最佳实验条件.在优化条件下,该传感器对葡萄糖溶液浓度有良好的线性关系,线性范围为1~ 18 mmol/L,检出限为1.3 mmol/L.实验表明,此传感器具有响应快、稳定性及选择性良好的特点.适用于临床尿样中葡萄糖的测定.%A chitosan/glutathione composite film combined with glucose oxidase was employed to fabricate an amperometric glucose biosensor.The enzyme electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry.The experimental results showed that,chitosan and glutathione composite film can assist in electron transfer,improve response electrode current.Using orthogonal table L9 (34) experiment design,the best experimental conditions were obtained by visual analysis.Under the optimized conditions,the sensor has a good linear relationship with concentration of glucose solution in the range of 1-18 mmol/L,the detection limit is 1.3 mmol/L.Experiments showed that,this sensor has the advantages of fast response,good stability and selectivity,and is suitable for the determination of glucose in urine sample.

  9. Spherical polystyrene-supported chitosan thin film of fast kinetics and high capacity for copper removal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Sub-micron-sized polystyrene supported chitosan thin-film was synthesized. • Absorbents exhibited fast kinetics and high capacity for Cu(II) removal from water. • Absorbents could be employed for repeated use for Cu(II) removal after regeneration. - Abstract: In order to accelerate the kinetics and improve the utilization of the surface active groups of chitosan (CS) for heavy metal ion removal, sub-micron-sized polystyrene supported chitosan thin-film was synthesized by the electrostatic assembly method. Glutaraldehyde was used as cross-linking agent. Chitosan thin-film was well coated onto the surface of the polystyrene (PS) beads characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). Their adsorption toward Cu(II) ions was investigated as a function of solution pH, degree of cross-linking, equilibrium Cu(II) ions concentration and contact time. The maximum adsorptive capacity of PS–CS was 99.8 mg/g in the adsorption isotherm study. More attractively, the adsorption equilibrium was achieved in 10 min, which showed superior properties among similar adsorbents. Continuous adsorption–desorption cyclic results demonstrated that Cu(II)-loaded PS–CS can be effectively regenerated by a hydrochloric acid solution (HCl), and the regenerated composite beads could be employed for repeated use without significant capacity loss, indicating the good stability of the adsorbents. The XPS analysis confirmed that the adsorption process was due to surface complexes with atoms of chitosan. Generally, PS beads could be employed as a promising host to fabricate efficient composites that originated from chitosan or other bio-sorbents for environmental remediation

  10. Oleic acid-grafted chitosan/graphene oxide composite coating for corrosion protection of carbon steel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fayyad, Eman M; Sadasivuni, Kishor Kumar; Ponnamma, Deepalekshmi; Al-Maadeed, Mariam Al Ali

    2016-10-20

    An anticorrosion coating film based on the formation of nanocomposite coating is reported in this study. The composite consisted of chitosan (green matrix), oleic acid, and graphene oxide (nano filler). The nanocomposite coating was arranged on the surface of carbon steel, and the corrosion resistance was monitored using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization (PP). Compared to the pure chitosan (CS) coating, the corrosion resistance of oleic acid-modified chitosan/graphene oxide film (CS/GO-OA) is increased by 100 folds. Since the well-dispersed smart grafted nanolayers delayed the penetration rate of corrosive species and thus maintained long term anticorrosive stability which is correlated with hydrophobicity and permeability. PMID:27474635

  11. Antioxidant, Color and Antibacterial Properties of Edible Chitosan Film Incorporated with Zataria Multiflora Boiss ٍEssential Oil against Listeria Monocytogenes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Moradi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: The film containing antimicrobial agents are a type of active packaging which is mainly designed to control microbial and chemical spoilage of food. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial, antioxidant and color properties of chitosan film incorporated with essential oil of Zataria multiflora Boiss. (ZEO. Materials & Methods: In this experimental study which was conducted at Urmia University of Medical Sciences between 2009-2010, the chemical composition of ZEO was analyzed using GC-MS. Chitosan films containing 0, 0.5, 1 and 2% ZEO, were obtained by casting method and subsequently, total phenol (TP, antioxidant, color (accordance with hunter system (L* (luminosity, * (redness, and b* (yellowness and antimicrobial characteristics of films on Listeria monocytogenes were studied. The collected data was analyzed by the SPSS software. Results: The order of TP for all films in the experiment was 2% ZEO1% ZEO 0.5% ZEO unsupplemented chitosan film, respectively. It was also concluded that the antioxidant activity of chitosan films was increased by adding various concentrations of ZEO. These increases were significant for film containing 1% (33.98% and 2% (37.77% ZEO (p0.05. Regarding the color luminosity (L* of the chitosan film, results indicated no significant changes by incorporating ZEO, whereas the incorporation of ZEO into films had a significant effect on film yellowness, evidenced by lower b* values. Finally, it was shown that the presence of ZEO in chitosan films significantly modified the anti- listerial activity of chitosan, (p0.05. Conclusion: The results indicated that an active film from chitosan could be achieved by incorporating ZEO. Addition of ZEO improves functional and antibacterial characteristics of chitosan film.

  12. Interactions of fish gelatin and chitosan in uncrosslinked and crosslinked with EDC films: FT-IR study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staroszczyk, Hanna; Sztuka, Katarzyna; Wolska, Julia; Wojtasz-Pająk, Anna; Kołodziejska, Ilona

    2014-01-01

    Films based on fish gelatin, chitosan and blend of fish gelatin and chitosan before and after cross-linking with EDC have been characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy. The FT-IR spectrum of fish gelatin film showed the characteristic amide I, amide II and amide III bands, and the FT-IR spectrum of chitosan film confirmed that the polymer was only a partially deacetylated product, and included CH3sbnd Cdbnd O and NH2 groups, the latter both in their free -NH2 and protonated -NH3+ form. Analysis of FT-IR spectra of two-component, fish gelatin-chitosan film revealed the formation not only of hydrogen bonds within and between chains of polymers, but also of electrostatic interactions between -COO- of gelatin and -NH3+ of chitosan. Modification with EDC provided cross-linking of composites of the film. New iso-peptide bonds formed between activated carboxylic acid groups of glutamic or aspartic acid residue of gelatin and amine groups of gelatin or/and chitosan.

  13. Chitosan and reinforced Chitosan films for the removal of Cr(VI heavy metal from synthetic aqueous solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibi Srinivasan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Cr(VI is removed efficiently from aqueous solution using Chitosan made films as the adsorbent. The efficiency of free Chitosan films is compared with the Chitosan-Silica and Chitosan-Carbon, which are reinforced with biogenic Silica and Carbon obtained from Panicum miliare husk ashes, respectively. All the films were prepared by simple ageing method and swelling index was determined for all the three adsorbents independently. Adsorption studies of Cr(VI heavy metal were carried out by varying pH, temperature, initial concentration of the adsorbate and quantity of adsorbent. On the otherhand, Cr(VI was removed from the solution by Chitosan-Silica film better than free Chitosan and Chitosan-Carbon films. The optimum pH was found to be 3.0 and optimum temperature was 30°C. Thermodynamic, equilibrium and kinetic studies were carried out for all the three adsorbents, independently. Langmuir adsorption isotherm and Pseudo First Order kinetics were followed for the adsorption process. Concentration of metal ions was determined using a spectrophotometer. Oxidation states of the adsorbed Cr were determined by ESR. It was found that Chitosan-Silica film reduced Cr(VI to Cr(III almost completely in the aqueous solution.

  14. Preparation of zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites and their bioactivities and antimicrobial activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Liang; Gong, Jie [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Zeng, Changfeng [College of Mechanic and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Zhang, Lixiong, E-mail: lixiongzhang@yahoo.com [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China)

    2013-10-15

    Zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites with zeolite contents of 20–55 wt.% were prepared by in situ transformation of silica/chitosan mixtures in a sodium aluminate alkaline solution through impregnation–gelation–hydrothermal synthesis. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and mercury penetration porosimetry. Their in vitro bioactivities were examined using as-synthesized and Ca{sup 2+}-exchanged hybrid composites in simulated body fluid (SBF) for hydroxyapatite (HAP) growth. Their antimicrobial activities for Escherichia coli (E. coli) in trypticase soy broth (TSB) were evaluated using Ag{sup +}-exchanged hybrid composites. The zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites could be prepared as various shapes, including cylinders, plates and thin films. They possessed macropores with pore sizes ranging from 100 to 300 μm and showed compressive mechanical strength as high as 3.2 MPa when the zeolite content was 35 wt.%. Fast growth on the Ca{sup 2+}-exchanged hybrid composites was observed with the highest weight gain of 51.4% in 30 days. The 35 wt.% Ag{sup +}-exchanged hybrid composite showed the highest antimicrobial activity, which could reduce the 9 × 10{sup 6} CFU mL{sup −1}E. coli concentration to zero within 4 h of incubation time with the Ag{sup +}-exchanged hybrid composite amount of 0.4 g L{sup −1}. The bioactivity and antimicrobial activity could be combined by ion-exchanging the composites first with Ca{sup 2+} and then with Ag{sup +}. These zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites have potential applications on tissue engineering and antimicrobial food packaging. - Graphical abstract: Zeolite A/chitosan hybrid composites were prepared by in situ transformation of precursors in the chitosan matrix, which possess macroporous structures and exhibit superior bioactivity and antimicrobial activity and potential biomedical

  15. Preparation of zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites and their bioactivities and antimicrobial activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites with zeolite contents of 20–55 wt.% were prepared by in situ transformation of silica/chitosan mixtures in a sodium aluminate alkaline solution through impregnation–gelation–hydrothermal synthesis. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and mercury penetration porosimetry. Their in vitro bioactivities were examined using as-synthesized and Ca2+-exchanged hybrid composites in simulated body fluid (SBF) for hydroxyapatite (HAP) growth. Their antimicrobial activities for Escherichia coli (E. coli) in trypticase soy broth (TSB) were evaluated using Ag+-exchanged hybrid composites. The zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites could be prepared as various shapes, including cylinders, plates and thin films. They possessed macropores with pore sizes ranging from 100 to 300 μm and showed compressive mechanical strength as high as 3.2 MPa when the zeolite content was 35 wt.%. Fast growth on the Ca2+-exchanged hybrid composites was observed with the highest weight gain of 51.4% in 30 days. The 35 wt.% Ag+-exchanged hybrid composite showed the highest antimicrobial activity, which could reduce the 9 × 106 CFU mL−1E. coli concentration to zero within 4 h of incubation time with the Ag+-exchanged hybrid composite amount of 0.4 g L−1. The bioactivity and antimicrobial activity could be combined by ion-exchanging the composites first with Ca2+ and then with Ag+. These zeolite-A/chitosan hybrid composites have potential applications on tissue engineering and antimicrobial food packaging. - Graphical abstract: Zeolite A/chitosan hybrid composites were prepared by in situ transformation of precursors in the chitosan matrix, which possess macroporous structures and exhibit superior bioactivity and antimicrobial activity and potential biomedical application. Highlights: • Zeolite A/chitosan hybrid composites

  16. Development of an injectable chitosan/marine collagen composite gel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A chitosan/marine-originated collagen composite has been developed. This composite gel was characterized and its biocompatibility, as well as an inflammatory reaction, was observed. The chitosan gel including N-3-carboxypropanoil-6-O-(carboxymethyl) chitosan of 3 mol%, 6-O-(carboxymethyl) chitosan of 62 mol% and 6-O-(carboxymethyl) chitin of 35 mol% was prepared and compounded with the salmon atelocollagen (SA) gel at different mixture ratios. The composite gels were injected subcutaneously in to the back of rats. The specimens were harvested for a histological survey as well as a tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) assay by ELISA. The inflammatory cell infiltration and release of TNF-α were successively controlled low with the ratio of SA to chitosan at 10:90 or 20:80. The SA gel first, within 2 weeks, and then chitosan in the composite gel were slowly absorbed after implantation, followed by soft tissue formation. It is expected that this composite gel will be available as a carrier for tissue filler and drug delivery systems.

  17. Development of an injectable chitosan/marine collagen composite gel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Wei [Department of Inorganic Materials, Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 2-3-10 Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda, Tokyo 101-0062 (Japan); Itoh, Soichiro [Affiliated Facility for Clinical and Fieldwork Practices, International University of Health and Welfare, 6-1-14 Kounodai, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba 272-0827 (Japan); Aizawa, Tomoyasu; Demura, Makoto [Division of Molecular Life Science, Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan); Okawa, Atsushi [Department of Orthopaedic and Spinal Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519 (Japan); Sakai, Katsuyoshi; Ohkuma, Tsuneo, E-mail: itoso.gene@kaken-hp.or.j [Research and Development Division, Hokkaido Soda Co., Ltd, 2-12 Chitose, Noboribetsu-shi 059-0003 (Japan)

    2010-12-15

    A chitosan/marine-originated collagen composite has been developed. This composite gel was characterized and its biocompatibility, as well as an inflammatory reaction, was observed. The chitosan gel including N-3-carboxypropanoil-6-O-(carboxymethyl) chitosan of 3 mol%, 6-O-(carboxymethyl) chitosan of 62 mol% and 6-O-(carboxymethyl) chitin of 35 mol% was prepared and compounded with the salmon atelocollagen (SA) gel at different mixture ratios. The composite gels were injected subcutaneously in to the back of rats. The specimens were harvested for a histological survey as well as a tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-{alpha}) assay by ELISA. The inflammatory cell infiltration and release of TNF-{alpha} were successively controlled low with the ratio of SA to chitosan at 10:90 or 20:80. The SA gel first, within 2 weeks, and then chitosan in the composite gel were slowly absorbed after implantation, followed by soft tissue formation. It is expected that this composite gel will be available as a carrier for tissue filler and drug delivery systems.

  18. Chitosan Composites for Bone Tissue Engineering—An Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayachandran Venkatesan

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Bone contains considerable amounts of minerals and proteins. Hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO46(OH2] is one of the most stable forms of calcium phosphate and it occurs in bones as major component (60 to 65%, along with other materials including collagen, chondroitin sulfate, keratin sulfate and lipids. In recent years, significant progress has been made in organ transplantation, surgical reconstruction and the use of artificial protheses to treat the loss or failure of an organ or bone tissue. Chitosan has played a major role in bone tissue engineering over the last two decades, being a natural polymer obtained from chitin, which forms a major component of crustacean exoskeleton. In recent years, considerable attention has been given to chitosan composite materials and their applications in the field of bone tissue engineering due to its minimal foreign body reactions, an intrinsic antibacterial nature, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and the ability to be molded into various geometries and forms such as porous structures, suitable for cell ingrowth and osteoconduction. The composite of chitosan including hydroxyapatite is very popular because of the biodegradability and biocompatibility in nature. Recently, grafted chitosan natural polymer with carbon nanotubes has been incorporated to increase the mechanical strength of these composites. Chitosan composites are thus emerging as potential materials for artificial bone and bone regeneration in tissue engineering. Herein, the preparation, mechanical properties, chemical interactions and in vitro activity of chitosan composites for bone tissue engineering will be discussed.

  19. The effect of relative humidity on tensile strength and water vapor permeability in chitosan, fish gelatin and transglutaminase edible films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia ALVARADO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractComposite films of chitosan, fish gelatin and microbial transglutaminase (MTgase were developed. Films were produced by the casting method and dried at room temperature for 30 h, conditioned for 7 days at 30 °C at a relative humidity (RH from 11 to 90%, and characterized. Chitosan:fish gelatin films in different proportions (100:0, 75:25, 50:50 with MTgase, were subjected to tensile properties and water vapor transmission (WVT testing. The results showed that tensile strength decreased with an increase in RH and with an increase in gelatin content. Percent of elongation also increased with increasing RH and gelatin concentration. Water vapor transmission showed an increase proportional to an increase in RH with the presence of gelatin being unfavorable for reducing WVT. Results in this work allowed studying the effect of relative humidity on tensile and water vapor properties of chitosan and fish gelatin films.

  20. Lipase entrapment in PVA/Chitosan biodegradable film for reactor coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study reports the development and characterization of novel biodegradable film, based on chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol containing lipase entrapped. The films showed a thickness of 70.4 and 79 μm to PVA/Chitosan and PVA/Chitosan/Lipase, respectively. The entrapment of lipase in PVA/Chitosan film resulted in increasing of 69.4% tensile strength (TS), and 52.4% of elongation. SEM images showed the formation of a continuous film, without pores or cracks. The lipase entrapment efficiency was estimated in 92% and the films were repeatedly used for 25 hydrolytic cycles, maintaining 62% of initial activity. The PVA/Chitosan/Lipase film was used for olive oil hydrolysis of high performance. These results indicate that PVA/Chitosan/Lipase is a promising material for biotechnology applications such as triacylglycerol hydrolysis and biodiesel production. - Highlights: ► Development and characterization of PVA/Chitosan biodegradable film ► Lipase immobilization onto PVA/Chitosan film ► PVA/Chitosan/Lipase film for reactor coating ► Olive oil hydrolysis using PVA/Chitosan/Lipase film

  1. Lipase entrapment in PVA/Chitosan biodegradable film for reactor coatings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batista, Karla A. [Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Laboratório de Química de Proteínas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Cx. Postal 131, 74001-970, Goiânia, GO (Brazil); Lopes, Flavio Marques [Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Laboratório de Química de Proteínas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Cx. Postal 131, 74001-970, Goiânia, GO (Brazil); Unidade Universitária de Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas, Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Anápolis, GO (Brazil); Yamashita, Fabio [Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos e Medicamentos, Laboratório de Tecnologia, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Cx. Postal 6001, CEP 86051-990, Londrina, PR (Brazil); Fernandes, Kátia Flávia, E-mail: katia@icb.ufg.br [Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Laboratório de Química de Proteínas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Cx. Postal 131, 74001-970, Goiânia, GO (Brazil)

    2013-04-01

    This study reports the development and characterization of novel biodegradable film, based on chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol containing lipase entrapped. The films showed a thickness of 70.4 and 79 μm to PVA/Chitosan and PVA/Chitosan/Lipase, respectively. The entrapment of lipase in PVA/Chitosan film resulted in increasing of 69.4% tensile strength (TS), and 52.4% of elongation. SEM images showed the formation of a continuous film, without pores or cracks. The lipase entrapment efficiency was estimated in 92% and the films were repeatedly used for 25 hydrolytic cycles, maintaining 62% of initial activity. The PVA/Chitosan/Lipase film was used for olive oil hydrolysis of high performance. These results indicate that PVA/Chitosan/Lipase is a promising material for biotechnology applications such as triacylglycerol hydrolysis and biodiesel production. - Highlights: ► Development and characterization of PVA/Chitosan biodegradable film ► Lipase immobilization onto PVA/Chitosan film ► PVA/Chitosan/Lipase film for reactor coating ► Olive oil hydrolysis using PVA/Chitosan/Lipase film.

  2. Development of a PVAl/chitosan composite membrane compatible with the dermo-epidermic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the frequent incidence of people with skin lesions such as burns and ulcers and the lack of available donors, biomaterials with the capacity to mimic skin must be developed. In order to develop these biomaterials, polymers are used in the attempt to achieve characteristics which are closer to the target organ. In this direction, for several years our group has been developing dermo-epidermic substitutes, specifically biodegradable and biocompatible membranes made up of PVAl and chitosan. PVAl, a synthetic polymer, was used to imitate part of the human dermis and chitosan, a polymer of organic origin, was used in this study to stimulate growth and maintenance of the epidermis. Due to the variations of these commercially obtained polymers, the objective of this study was to characterize their physical and chemical properties, comparing them with the membrane previously obtained by our group with the intention of confirming the hypotheses of interferences put forward in this study. The PVAl membranes in the study (PVAl MP) that obtained characteristics most similar to the standard were those irradiated with 13 and 15 kGy; this last was chosen because it was the minimum dose necessary to achieve sterility. These membranes were also those which had the largest percentage of pores between 70 and 100 μm. For chitosan, the principal characteristics studied were the degree of acetylation (DA) and average molecular weight, both results demonstrated different characteristics than commercially indicated. Various membrane preparation protocols were carried out from the chitosan solution (2%). The membrane composed of the solution of chitosan homogenized with glycerol (20%) and dried at room temperature had the best interaction with keratinocytes. To finalize the study, this chitosan solution was poured over a PVAl membrane, lyophilized and impregnated with chitosan (2%) solution and the compound was kept at room temperature until a chitosan film formed on the upper

  3. Water sensitivity, antimicrobial, and physicochemical analyses of edible films based on HPMC and/or chitosan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebti, Issam; Chollet, Emilie; Degraeve, Pascal; Noel, Claude; Peyrol, Eric

    2007-02-01

    Several properties of chitosan films associated or not with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose polymer (HPMC) and HPMC films incorporating or not nisin and/or milk fat were studied. Nisin addition at a level of 250 microg mL-1 and likewise chitosan at 1% (w/v) concentration were efficient for total inhibiting Aspergillus niger and Kocuria rhizophila food deterioration microorganisms. HPMC and chitosan films were transparent, whereas nisin and/or fat incorporation induced a 2-fold lightness parameter increase and, consequently, involved more white films. Measurements of tensile strength, as well as ultimate elongation, showed that chitosan and HPMC initial films were elastic and flexible. High thermal treatments and additive incorporation induced less elastic and more plastic films. Water vapor transmission as far as total water desorption rates suggested that chitosan films were slightly sensitive to water. Water transfer was decreased by films. Regarding its hydrophobic property, the capacity of fat to improve film water barrier was very limited. PMID:17263462

  4. In Vitro Biomineralization of Glutaraldehyde Crosslinked Chitosan Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG Fang; LIU Yu; ZHAO Binyuan; HU Ke'ao

    2005-01-01

    The biomimetic approach was applied to study the in vitro biomineralization of series of the chitosan films crosslinked by glutaraldehyde. The deposited calcium phosphate coatings were studied using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Initially, the treatment in simulated body fluid (SBF) results in the formation of single layer of calcium phosphate particles over the film surface. As immersion time in SBF increases, further nucleation and growth produce a simulated calcium phosphate coating. The Ca/P molar ratio of the calcium phosphate increases with the immersion time, showing a rapid formation of calcium-deficient phosphate material from the phase of octac1alcium phosphate. The different glutaraldehyde crosslinking degree influences the morphology and magnitude of the calcium phosphate coatings on the surface of the chitosan films.

  5. Chitosan/poly (vinyl alcohol) films containing ZnO nanoparticles and plasticizers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicentini, Denice S. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, University Campus, 88040-900 Florianopolis, Santa Catarina (Brazil); Smania, Arthur [Microbiology and Parasitology Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, University Campus, 88040-900 Florianopolis, Santa Catarina (Brazil); Laranjeira, Mauro C.M., E-mail: mauro@qmc.ufsc.br [Mechanical Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, University Campus, 88040-900 Florianopolis, Santa Catarina (Brazil); Chemistry Department, QUITECH, Federal University of Santa Catarina, University Campus, 88040-900 Florianopolis, Santa Catarina (Brazil)

    2010-05-10

    In this study ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by the Pechini method from a polyester by reacting citric acid with ethylene glycol in which the metal ions are dissolved, and incorporated into blend films of chitosan (CS) and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with different concentrations of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, Tween 80 (T80). These films were characterized by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), swelling degree, degradation of films in Hank's solution and the mechanical properties. Besides these characterizations, the antibacterial activity of the films was tested, and the films containing ZnO nanoparticles showed antibacterial activity toward the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus. The observed antibacterial activity in the composite films prepared in this work suggests that they may be used as hydrophilic wound and burn dressings.

  6. Chitosan/poly (vinyl alcohol) films containing ZnO nanoparticles and plasticizers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by the Pechini method from a polyester by reacting citric acid with ethylene glycol in which the metal ions are dissolved, and incorporated into blend films of chitosan (CS) and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with different concentrations of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, Tween 80 (T80). These films were characterized by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), swelling degree, degradation of films in Hank's solution and the mechanical properties. Besides these characterizations, the antibacterial activity of the films was tested, and the films containing ZnO nanoparticles showed antibacterial activity toward the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus. The observed antibacterial activity in the composite films prepared in this work suggests that they may be used as hydrophilic wound and burn dressings.

  7. Preparation and physicochemical characterization of topical chitosan-based film containing griseofulvin-loaded liposomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bavarsad, Neda; Kouchak, Maryam; Mohamadipour, Pardis; Sadeghi-Nejad, Batool

    2016-01-01

    Griseofulvin is an antifungal drug and is available as oral dosage forms. Development of topical treatment could be advantageous for superficial fungal infections of the skin. In this study, films prepared from the incorporation of griseofulvin-loaded liposomes in chitosan film for topical drug delivery in superficial fungal infections. The properties of the films were characterized regarding mechanical properties, swelling, ability to transmit vapor, drug release, thermal behavior, and antifungal efficacy against Microsporum gypseum and Epidermophyton floccosum. The presence of liposomes led to decreased mechanical properties but lower swelling ratio. Higher amount of drug permeation and rate of flux were obtained by liposomes incorporated in films compared to liposomal formulations. Antifungal efficacy of formulations was confirmed against two species of dermatophytes in vitro. Therefore, two concepts of using vesicular carrier systems and biopolymeric films have been combined and this topical novel composite film has the potential for griseofulvin delivery to superficial fungal infections. PMID:27429928

  8. Complex film of chitosan and carboxymethyl cellulose nanofibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawasaki, Takuma; Nakaji-Hirabayashi, Tadashi; Masuyama, Kazuhira; Fujita, Satoshi; Kitano, Hiromi

    2016-03-01

    A polymer film composed of a mixture of chitosan (Ch) and carboxymethyl cellulose sodium salt (CMC) nanofibers was deposited on a glass surface. The thin film of the Ch-CMC mixture obtained was stable, and fibroblast adhesion to the film was lowest when the weight ratio of Ch to CMC was 4:6. The ζ-potential and contact angle of the mixture film indicated that a polyion complex of Ch and CMC was formed. The mechanical strength of the film composed of Ch-CMC nanofiber complexes was much higher than that of the film composed of Ch-water-soluble CMC complexes (non-nanofiber), likely because the entanglement of nanofibers was enhanced by electrostatic attractions. These results indicate that the charge-neutralized nanofiber film was highly effective in suppressing cell adhesion and therefore is a promising material for biomedical applications. PMID:26700238

  9. Thermal Diffusivity Measurement of Poly pyrrole-Chitosan Composite by Photoacoustic Technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermal diffusivity is a physical quantity that represents an intrinsic property for a material and indicates how fast heat propagates through a sample. The photoacoustic (PA) technique has recently been recognized as a powerful and reliable experimental technique in measuring thermal diffusivity. This effect is described as the periodic heating generated in the sample by a nonradiative deexcitation process due to the absorption of a modulated light source [1]. In present work, the conducting polymer composite films of poly pyrrole-chitosan (PPy- CHI) were synthesized by electrochemical polymerization method. The electrical conductivity and thermal diffusivity of composite film were studied as a function of electro polymerization conditions. (author)

  10. Preparation of pure chitosan film using ternary solvents and its super absorbency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xuejun; Lou, Tao; Zhao, Wenhua; Song, Guojun

    2016-11-20

    Chemical modification and graft copolymerization were commonly adopted to prepare super absorbent materials. However, physical microstructure of pure chitosan film was optimized to improve the water uptake capacity in this study. Chitosan films with micro-nanostructure were prepared by a ternary solvent system. The optimal process parameters are 1% acetic acid water solution: dioxane: dimethyl sulfoxide=90: 2.5: 7.5 (v/v/v) with chitosan concentration at 1.25% (w/v). The water uptake capacity of the chitosan film prepared under the optimal process parameters was 896g/g. The prepared chitosan films also exhibited high water uptake capacity in response to external stimuli such as temperature, pH and salt. This finding may provide another way for improving the water absorbency. The pure chitosan film may find potential applications especially in the fields of hygienic products and biomedicine due to its super water absorbency and nontoxicity. PMID:27561494

  11. Chitosan filled recycled low density polyethylene composite: Melt flow behaviour and thermal degradation properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, B. Y.; Voon, C. H.; Salmah, H.; Nordin, H.

    2016-07-01

    An environmentally friendly composite was fabricated from chitosan and recycled low density polyethylene (rLDPE) with the means of melt mixing at 180 °C. The composites were prepared in different loading (10, 20, 30 and 40 php) of chitosan. Due to the incompatibility between filler and matrix, a coupling agent, Ultraplus TP01, was added into the composites. The melt flow index (MFI) values of rLDPE/chitosan composites decreased with chitosan loading but increased with rise of temperature. With the presence of Ultraplus TP01, MFI values of composites were decreased. The thermal stability of rLDPE/chitosan was reduced with increase of chitosan loading but increased with addition of Ultraplus TP01. It was believed that Ultraplus TP01 had provided better interfacial bonding between chitosan and rLDPE, thus enhanced the thermal stability of rLDPE/chitosan composites.

  12. Adsorption of hexavalent chromium by graphite–chitosan binary composite

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    RAJENDRA S DONGRE

    2016-06-01

    Graphite chitosan binary (GCB) composite was prepared for hexavalent chromium adsorption from studied water. GCB was characterized by TGA, FTIR, SEM and X-ray diffraction techniques.Wide porous sorptive surface of 3.89 m$^2$ g$^{−1}$ and absorptive functionalities of GCB was due to 20% (w/w) graphite support on chitosan evidenced from FTIR and SEM that impart maximum adsorption at pH 4, agitation with 200 rpm for 180 min. Adsorption studies revealed intraparticle diffusion models and best-fitted kinetics was pseudo 2nd order one. A wellfitted Langmuir isotherm model suggested monolayer adsorption with an adsorption capacity ($q_m$) of 105.6 mg g$^{−1}$ and $R^2 = 0.945$. Sorption mechanisms based on metal ionic interactions, intrusion/diffusion and chemisorptions onto composite. This graphite chitosan binary composite improve sorbent capacity for Cr(VI).

  13. Ceramic Composite Thin Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruoff, Rodney S. (Inventor); Stankovich, Sasha (Inventor); Dikin, Dmitriy A. (Inventor); Nguyen, SonBinh T. (Inventor)

    2013-01-01

    A ceramic composite thin film or layer includes individual graphene oxide and/or electrically conductive graphene sheets dispersed in a ceramic (e.g. silica) matrix. The thin film or layer can be electrically conductive film or layer depending the amount of graphene sheets present. The composite films or layers are transparent, chemically inert and compatible with both glass and hydrophilic SiOx/silicon substrates. The composite film or layer can be produced by making a suspension of graphene oxide sheet fragments, introducing a silica-precursor or silica to the suspension to form a sol, depositing the sol on a substrate as thin film or layer, at least partially reducing the graphene oxide sheets to conductive graphene sheets, and thermally consolidating the thin film or layer to form a silica matrix in which the graphene oxide and/or graphene sheets are dispersed.

  14. The fabrication and property of hydrophilic and hydrophobic double functional bionic chitosan film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaohong; Xi, Zhen; Liu, Zhongxin; Yang, Liang; Cao, Yang

    2011-11-01

    A new kind of hydrophobic bionic chitosan film was fabricated by simulating the surface structure of lotus leaf. The titanium oxide nanotube array was used as templates. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show that one side of this films have nano-scale rough surface with spherical protrusions alike the surface of lotus leaf. The diameter of the protrusions is about 100 nm, which is equal to diameter of the titanium oxide nanotube. The water contact angle of chitosan films is up to 120 degrees and it is hydrophobic. The other side of the film is flat and the contact angle is 70 degrees. That indicated that the hydrophilism of natural materials is connected with the surface structures. The double functional chitosan films, one side is hydrophilic, the other is hydrophobic, can be made by an easy method. This method is non-toxic and clean. The double functional chitosan film will improve the application of chitosan films in medicine. PMID:22413283

  15. POTENTIAL ANTISTATIC PROPERTIES OF A CEMENT COMPOSITION MODIFIED BY CHITOSAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darchiya Valentina Ivanovna

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Environmental compatibility of construction materials and their impact onto the human organism and the environment are the essential factors to be taken account of in the course of construction. Therefore, natural renewable biological polymers arouse interest. Polysaccharide chitin takes a special position among them. It represents one of the most widely spread biological polymers; it is extracted from 100% renewable materials. It is part of the external skeleton of crustaceans and insects, and it also part of cell walls of mushrooms and algae. Any research of potential materials to be generated from chitin and its derivative chitosan may involve a practical implementation. The research of the antistatic properties followed the introduction of 1% of chitosan into the cement composition. Electrostatic field intensity was measured by Electrostatic Field Intensity Meter ST-01. The electrostatic property of the sample modified by chitosan turned out to be lower than the one of the benchmark sample by 5.6 times. The presence of chitosan in the cement composition makes no impact on strength-related properties of the construction material. The cement composition modified by chitosan may be used in the manufacturing of antistatic self-leveling floors.

  16. Biodegradation Study of Microcrystalline Chitosan and Microcrystalline Chitosan/β-TCP Complex Composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinga Brzoza-Malczewska

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Bone repair or regeneration is a common and complicated clinical problem in orthopedic surgery. The importance of natural polymers, such as microcrystalline chitosan, and minerals such as HAp and β-TCP, has grown significantly over the last two decades due to their renewable and biodegradable source, increasing the knowledge and functionality of composites in technological and biomedical applications. This study compares the biodegradation process, bioactivity, structure, morphology, and mechanical properties of microcrystalline chitosan and microcrystalline chitosan/β-TCP complex; the latter according to the new method of preparation. The complex showed a homogeneous network structure with regular pores, good bioactivity, even after 60 days of conducting the hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation process, showing a bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity. The complex indicates that it could be used successfully as a base for implants and scaffolds production in orthopedic surgery.

  17. Effect of molecular weight reduction by gamma irradiation on chitosan film properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    García, Mario A., E-mail: marioifal@gmail.com [Pharmacy and Food Institute, University of Havana, St. 222 No. 2317, ZC 13600 Havana (Cuba); Pérez, Liliam [Pharmacy and Food Institute, University of Havana, St. 222 No. 2317, ZC 13600 Havana (Cuba); Paz, Nilia de la [Drugs Research and Development Center, Ave. 26 No. 1605, Havana (Cuba); González, Juan [Food Industry Research Institute, Carretera al Guatao km 3 1/2, Havana, CP 19200 (Cuba); Rapado, Manuel [Radiobiology Department, Center for Technological Applications and Nuclear Development, St. 30 No. 502, Playa, Havana (Cuba); Casariego, Alicia [Pharmacy and Food Institute, University of Havana, St. 222 No. 2317, ZC 13600 Havana (Cuba)

    2015-10-01

    The present work aimed the influence of molecular weight (MW) reduction by irradiation with {sup 60}Co and polymer concentration on some physical properties of chitosan films. Irradiation of chitosan with a MW of 275.221 kDa and 74.74% of deacetylation degree was performed using a {sup 60}Co source to provide doses of 5, 10, 20 and 50 kGy to obtain chitosans with molecular weights of 247.847, 221.563, 126.469 and 77.063 kDa, respectively. Films were prepared via the solution casting method. Film-forming solutions (FFS) of chitosan irradiated or not, were prepared at 1.5 and 2% (w/v) in a solution of lactic acid at 1% (v/v) and 0.1% (v/v) of Tween 80. The FFS were poured into glass plates of 400 cm{sup 2} and dried at 60 °C during 10 h without airflow. The decrease of MW and increase of chitosan concentration increased the tensil strength and water vapor permeability while decreased the elongation at break of the films. The chitosan MW did not significantly influence (p > 0.05) the water solubility of films within a same polymer concentration. There was a decrease in the films' brightness with the increase of concentration and a decrease of the MW of irradiated chitosan, while the b* values of films increased and there was an increasing tendency of their apparent opacity. - Highlights: • MW reduction by {sup 60}Co irradiation increased the tensil strength of chitosan films. • MW reduction increased the water vapor permeability of chitosan films. • MW did not affect the films' water solubility within a same chitosan concentration. • Films' brightness decreased with the chitosan molecular weight reduction.

  18. Effect of molecular weight reduction by gamma irradiation on chitosan film properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present work aimed the influence of molecular weight (MW) reduction by irradiation with 60Co and polymer concentration on some physical properties of chitosan films. Irradiation of chitosan with a MW of 275.221 kDa and 74.74% of deacetylation degree was performed using a 60Co source to provide doses of 5, 10, 20 and 50 kGy to obtain chitosans with molecular weights of 247.847, 221.563, 126.469 and 77.063 kDa, respectively. Films were prepared via the solution casting method. Film-forming solutions (FFS) of chitosan irradiated or not, were prepared at 1.5 and 2% (w/v) in a solution of lactic acid at 1% (v/v) and 0.1% (v/v) of Tween 80. The FFS were poured into glass plates of 400 cm2 and dried at 60 °C during 10 h without airflow. The decrease of MW and increase of chitosan concentration increased the tensil strength and water vapor permeability while decreased the elongation at break of the films. The chitosan MW did not significantly influence (p > 0.05) the water solubility of films within a same polymer concentration. There was a decrease in the films' brightness with the increase of concentration and a decrease of the MW of irradiated chitosan, while the b* values of films increased and there was an increasing tendency of their apparent opacity. - Highlights: • MW reduction by 60Co irradiation increased the tensil strength of chitosan films. • MW reduction increased the water vapor permeability of chitosan films. • MW did not affect the films' water solubility within a same chitosan concentration. • Films' brightness decreased with the chitosan molecular weight reduction

  19. Role of Metals Content in Spinach in Enhancing the Conductivity and Optical Band Gap of Chitosan Films

    OpenAIRE

    Irwana Nainggolan; Devi Shantini; Tulus Ikhsan Nasution; Mohd Nazree Derman

    2015-01-01

    Blend of chitosan and spinach extract has been successfully prepared using acetic acid as a solvent medium to produce chitosan-spinach films. The conductivity measurements showed that chitosan-spinach films for all ratios of 95 : 5, 90 : 10, 85 : 15, and 80 : 20 had better conductivity than the chitosan film. The optical band gap reduced with the addition of the spinach extract into chitosan. Chitosan-spinach film with the ratio of 85 : 15 gave the best electrical properties in this work with...

  20. Enriched fluoride sorption using alumina/chitosan composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alumina possesses an appreciable defluoridation capacity (DC) of 1566 mg F-/kg. In order to improve its DC, it is aimed to prepare alumina polymeric composites using the chitosan. Alumina/chitosan (AlCs) composite was prepared by incorporating alumina particles in the chitosan polymeric matrix, which can be made into any desired form viz., beads, candles and membranes. AlCs composite displayed a maximum DC of 3809 mg F-/kg than the alumina and chitosan (52 mg F-/kg). The fluoride removal studies were carried out in batch mode to optimize the equilibrium parameters viz., contact time, pH, co-anions and temperature. The equilibrium data was fitted with Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms to find the best fit for the sorption process. The calculated values of thermodynamic parameters indicate the nature of sorption. The surface characterisation of the sorbent was performed by FTIR, AFM and SEM with EDAX analysis. A possible mechanism of fluoride sorption by AlCs composite has been proposed. Suitability of AlCs composite at field conditions was tested with a field sample taken from a nearby fluoride-endemic village. This work provides a potential platform for the development of defluoridation technology.

  1. Properties of Chitosan-Genipin Films Grafted with Phenolic Compounds from Red Wine

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Fernando Jorge

    2015-01-01

    Chitosan has been studied as a renewable biopolymer to form edible films and coatings to improve the shelf life of food products. Chemical modification of chitosan is a strategy to prepare chitosan films with enhanced properties to be used as food preservatives. Wine, particularly red wine, is a rich natural source of phenolic compounds, namely anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, monomeric catechins, and phenolic acids. Phenolic compounds, in general, present strong antioxidant properties. The a...

  2. Surface characterization and biocompatibility of micro- and nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan-gelatin network films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydroxyapatite (HA)/polymer composites have been widely used in bone tissue engineering due to their chemical similarity to natural bone. And the surface characters of the composites are crucial to influence their biological properties. Here, nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan-gelatin (nHCG) films were prepared via biomineralization of chitosan-gelatin (CG) network films in Ca(NO3)2-Na3PO4 Tris buffer solution at alkaline condition. And the micro-hydroxyapatite/chitosan-gelatin (mHCG) films were formed through immersing the CG network films into the HA crystal (with average size 5 μm) suspensions. The surface chemical characteristics of nHCG and mHCG were evaluated by Fourier transformed infrared (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Surface topographies of the samples were observed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results suggest that the ion/polar interactions are the main drive forces for nHCG formation via biomineralization. And the hydrogen bonds between COOH, OH, -NH2 of CG films and OH groups of HA crystals take the important role in the formation process of mHCG. A comparative study of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) behaviors on the nHCG and mHCG surface layer was carried out. Both nHCG and mHCG have excellent biocompatibility, moreover, the MSCs on nHCG present higher osteogenic differentiation activity than on mHCG. The nHCG is a potential biomaterial in bone tissue engineering.

  3. Microwave assisted antibacterial chitosan-silver nanocomposite films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghavendra, Gownolla Malegowd; Jung, Jeyoung; Kim, Dowan; Seo, Jongchul

    2016-03-01

    In the current approach, antibacterial chitosan-silver nanocomposite films were fabricated through microwave irradiation. During the process, by utilizing chitosan as reducing agent, silver nanoparticles were synthesized within 11 min by microwave irradiation. Further, films were fabricated within 90 min. It involved an energy consumption of just 0.146 kWh to synthesize silver nanoparticles. This is many times less than the energy consumed during conventional methods. The silver nanoparticles were examined through UV-vis spectrum and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The fabricated films were characterized by using scanning electron microscopy coupled with an energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and contact angle (CA) measurements. The films exhibited antibacterial properties against both Gram-negative micro-organisms (Escherichia coli; E. coli) and Gram-positive micro-organisms (Staphylococcus aureus; S. aureus). In overall, the procedure adopted for fabricating these antibacterial films is environmental friendly, time-saving and energy-saving. PMID:26706842

  4. CHOLESTERIC LIQUID CRYSTALLINE CHARACTER ON THE SURFACE OF CHITOSAN/POLYACRYLIC ACID COMPOSITES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan-ming Dong; Yu-song; Wu Mian Wang

    2001-01-01

    The cholesteric liquid crystalline structure in chitosan/polyacrylic acid composite films was studied by surface techniques. A periodical lamellar-like structure was observed in the permanganic acid etched film surface by both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), instead of the thumb-print texture which can be detected with polarized optical microscopy. It is suggested that the periodical lamellar-like structure is induced by the etching selectivity between cholesteric layers due to different molecular arrangement on the film surface. Four kinds of perpendicular disclinations, I.e. Χ→τ- + λ+, χ→λ- + τ+, χ→τ- + τ+ and χ→λ- + λ+, were found in the composite films from SEM observations. The smallest periodicity of lamellar-like structure (equals to halfpitch) is 20~40 nm measured with AFM.

  5. Surface investigation of chitosan film with fatty acid monolayers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esam A. El-hefian

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The surface pressure- molecular area (-A isotherm curves of two fatty acids of different chain lengths, i.e. stearic (C18 and arachidic (C20 acids, were obtained by using Langmuir-Blodgett (LB technique. Results showed clear isotherm plots with limiting mean molecular area around 21 Å2 for both acids. However, the monolayer was found to collapse at higher than 33 mN m-1 and 21 mN m-1 for stearic acid and arachidic acid respectively. The effect of Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers of the acids was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM. Chitosan film, before and after dipping in water, was also studied by means of AFM so that it could be used for comparison. It was found that the surface of chitosan was more homogeneous and smoother after dipping in water. In addition, more homogeneous surfaces were achieved after transferring a layer of the fatty acid onto the substrate.

  6. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragostin, Oana Maria; Samal, Sangram Keshari; Lupascu, Florentina; Pânzariu, Andreea; Dubruel, Peter; Lupascu, Dan; Tuchilus, Cristina; Vasile, Cornelia; Profire, Lenuta

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol) in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic properties, which are very important features for their use as a wound dressing. The film based on chitosan-sulfisoxazol (CS-S6) showed the highest swelling ratio (197%) and the highest biodegradation rate (63.04%) in comparison to chitosan film for which the swelling ratio was 190% and biodegradation rate was only 10%. Referring to the antioxidant effects the most active was chitosan-sulfamerazine (CS-S5) which was 8.3 times more active than chitosan related to DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging ability. This compound showed also a good ferric reducing power and improved total antioxidant capacity. PMID:26694354

  7. Development and Characterization of Novel Films Based on Sulfonamide-Chitosan Derivatives for Potential Wound Dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Maria Dragostin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to develop new films based on chitosan functionalized with sulfonamide drugs (sulfametoxydiazine, sulfadiazine, sulfadimetho-xine, sulfamethoxazol, sulfamerazine, sulfizoxazol in order to enhance the biological effects of chitosan. The morphology and physical properties of functionalized chitosan films as well the antioxidant effects of sulfonamide-chitosan derivatives were investigated. The chitosan-derivative films showed a rough surface and hydrophilic properties, which are very important features for their use as a wound dressing. The film based on chitosan-sulfisoxazol (CS-S6 showed the highest swelling ratio (197% and the highest biodegradation rate (63.04% in comparison to chitosan film for which the swelling ratio was 190% and biodegradation rate was only 10%. Referring to the antioxidant effects the most active was chitosan-sulfamerazine (CS-S5 which was 8.3 times more active than chitosan related to DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging ability. This compound showed also a good ferric reducing power and improved total antioxidant capacity.

  8. Chitosan/graphene oxide nanocomposite films with enhanced interfacial interaction and their electrochemical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Linghao [Key Laboratory of Surface and Interface Science of Henan Province, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002 (China); Wang, Hongfang [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Xia, Guangmei [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Sun, Jing [Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Song, Rui, E-mail: rsong@ucas.ac.cn [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2014-09-30

    Graphical abstract: Nanocomposites by introducing graphene oxide (GO) into chitosan (CS) matrix were prepared and the effect of GO on the crystallization, thermal stability and mechanical properties of the films were investigated. In addition, the electrochemical behavior of the CS/GO modified electrode was comparatively studied with that of the neat CS-modified electrode. - Highlights: • Graphene oxide (GO) with well dispersion in the biopolymer chitosan (CS) matrix. • Detectable interactions do exist between the GO nanosheets and CS segments. • The addition of minor GO can improve the electrochemical activity of the neat CS. - Abstract: A series of chitosan (CS) nanocomposites incorporated with graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets were facilely prepared by sonochemical method. Characterized by scanning electron microscopy, the obtained nanocomposites showed fine dispersion of GO in the CS matrix. Meanwhile, a marked interfacial interaction was also revealed as the values of glass transition temperature, the decomposition temperature and the storage modulus were significantly increased with the addition of GO. Furthermore, the well dispersed GO nanosheets could significantly improve the electrochemical activity of the CS as demonstrated by the electrochemical behaviors of pure CS and the GO/CS composite electrodes. Hence, the GO/CS nanocomposites film could be a promising candidate in the fabrication of electrochemical biosensors.

  9. Borate cross-linking chitosan/graphene oxide films: Toward the simultaneous enhancement of gases barrier and mechanical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Ning; Capezzuto, Filomena; Buonocore, Giovanna G.; Tescione, Fabiana; Lavorgna, Marino; Xia, Hesheng; Ambrosio, Luigi

    2015-12-01

    Borate adducts, originated from hydrolysis of sodium tetraborate decahydrate (borax), have been used to crosslink chitosan (CS) and graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets for the production of innovative composite sustainable materials. CS/GO film consisting of 10wt% borax and 1wt% GO exhibits a significant improvement of both toughness and oxygen barrier properties in comparison to pristine chitosan. In particular the tensile strength increases by about 100% and 150% after thermal annealing of samples at 90°C for 50min whereas the oxygen permeability reduces of about 90% compared to pristine chitosan. The enhancement of both mechanical and barrier properties is ascribed to the formation of a resistant network due to the chemical crosslinking, including borate orthoester bonds and hydroxyl moieties complexes, formed among borate ions, chitosan, and GO nanoplatelets. The crosslinked graphene-based chitosan material with its enhanced mechanical and barrier properties may significantly broad the range of applications of chitosan based-materials which presently are very limited and addressed only to packaging.

  10. Biodegradation Study of Microcrystalline Chitosan and Microcrystalline Chitosan/β-TCP Complex Composites

    OpenAIRE

    Kinga Brzoza-Malczewska; Magdalena Kucharska; Bogdan Gruchała; Maria Wísniewska-Wrona; Luciano Pighinelli

    2012-01-01

    Bone repair or regeneration is a common and complicated clinical problem in orthopedic surgery. The importance of natural polymers, such as microcrystalline chitosan, and minerals such as HAp and β-TCP, has grown significantly over the last two decades due to their renewable and biodegradable source, increasing the knowledge and functionality of composites in technological and biomedical applications. This study compares the biodegradation process, bioactivity, structure, morphology, and mech...

  11. Preparation and water absorption of cross-linked chitosan/silk fibroin blend films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Natural polymer blend films composed of chitosan and silk fibroin were prepared by varying the ratio of chitosan to silk fibroin, with and without glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent. The effects of the ratio of chitosan to silk fibroin and crosslinking agent on swelling behavior of the blend films were studied. For the swelling behavior, the blend films exhibited a dramatic change in the degree of swelling when immersed in acidic solutions. The degree of swelling of the films increased as the chitosan content increased; the blend film with 80% chitosan content had the maximum degree of swelling. It appeared that crosslinking had occurred in the blend films which helped the films to retain their three dimensional structure. In addition, FTIR spectra of the films showed evidence of hydrogen bonding interaction between chitosan and silk fibroin. For the effect of salt type, the films were immersed in various types of aqueous salt solutions, viz NaCl, LiCl, CaCl2, AlCl3, and FeCl3. The films immersed in AlCl3 and FeCl3 aqueous solutions gave the maximum degree of swelling. The effects of AlCl3 and FeCl3 concentrations on swelling behavior were also investigated. It was found that the maximum degree of swelling of the films occurred at 1.0 x 10-2 M of AlCl3 and FeCl3 aqueous solutions. (author)

  12. Physicochemical Properties of Edible Chitosan/Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose/Lysozyme Films Incorporated with Acidic Electrolyzed Water

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Brychcy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The treatment with acidic electrolyzed water (AEW is a promising disinfection method due to its effectiveness in reducing microbial population. The aim of the study was to evaluate physicochemical properties of chitosan/HPMC films incorporated with lysozyme and acidic electrolyzed water. In the composite films, decreasing film solubility and increasing concentration of sodium chloride solution and prolongation of electrolysis time were observed. Electrolysis process with sodium chloride induces spongy network of film structure. The use of AEW has not changed chemical composition of films which was proved by 1H NMR, MALDI-TOF, and FT-IR spectroscopy. The research confirmed that electrolysis significantly improved thermomechanical properties of the examined films. The contact angle values of the films were quite similar and ranged between 56° and 73°. The increase of salt concentration used in the electrolysis process had an impact on increasing flexibility of samples. Application of electrolyzed water in commonly used food processing systems is possible. Fusion of AEW and biopolymers may provide better integration with coated food product and multidirectional protecting effect.

  13. Preparation and Characterization of a Novel PDLLA/Chondroitin Sulfate/Chitosan Asymmetry Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A novel bioactive and bioresorbabie asymmetry film was prepared. The PDLLA membrane was activated by 1, 6-hexanediamine to obtain a stable positive charge surface. Chondroitin sulfate and chitosan were then deposited on activated PDLLA membrane via layer-by-layer (LBL) electro-static assembly(ESA) technique. The deposition process was monitored by UV-Vis absorbance spectroscopy. The composite membrane was frozen lyophilized to form the asymmetry film and characterized by attenuated total reflecti( )(ATR)-FT-IR, XPS and SEM. The experimental results show that a stable 1, 6-hexanediamine layer on PDLLA substrate based on the aminolysis of the polyester and the layer thickness increase linearly first with the increase of the deposited layers, and then increases slowly due to the layer interpenetration. The test results of ATR-FT-IR and SEM show the asymmetry film is modified uniformly with a dense inner layer and a porous sponge outer layer.

  14. Chitosan films and blends for packaging material

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broek, van den L.A.M.; Knoop, J.R.I.; Kappen, F.H.J.; Boeriu, C.G.

    2015-01-01

    An increased interest for hygiene in everyday life as well as in food, feed and medical issues lead to a strong interest in films and blends to prevent the growth and accumulation of harmful bacteria. A growing trend is to use synthetic and natural antimicrobial polymers, to provide non-migratory an

  15. Enhancement of the wet properties of transparent chitosan-acetic-acid-salt films using microfibrillated cellulose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordqvist, David; Idermark, Johan; Hedenqvist, Mikael S; Gällstedt, Mikael; Ankerfors, Mikael; Lindström, Tom

    2007-08-01

    This report presents a new route to enhance the wet properties of chitosan-acetic-acid-salt films using microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). The enhancement makes it easier to form chitosan-acetic-acid-salt films into various shapes at room temperature in the wet state. Chitosan with MFC was compared with the well-known buffer treatment. It was observed that films containing 5 wt % MFC were visually identical to the buffered/unbuffered films without MFC. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy indicated that MFC formed a network with uniformly distributed fibrils and fibril bundles in the chitosan matrix. The addition of MFC reduced the risk of creases and deformation in the wet state because of a greater wet stiffness. The wet films containing MFC were also extensible. Although the stiffness, strength and extensibility were highest for the buffered films, the wet strength of the MFC-containing unbuffered films was sufficient for wet forming operations. The effects of MFC on the mechanical properties of the dry chitosan films were small or absent. It was concluded that the addition of MFC is an acceptable alternative to buffering for shaping chitosan films/products in the wet state. The advantages are that the "extra" processing step associated with buffering is unnecessary and that the film matrix remains more water-soluble. PMID:17645308

  16. Adsorption of heavy metal ions, dyes and proteins by chitosan composites and derivatives — A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bingjie; Wang, Dongfeng; Yu, Guangli; Meng, Xianghong

    2013-09-01

    Chitosan composites and derivatives have gained wide attentions as effective biosorbents due to their low costs and high contents of amino and hydroxyl functional groups. They have showed significant potentials of removing metal ions, dyes and proteins from various media. Chemical modifications that lead to the formation of the chitosan derivatives and chitosan composites have been extensively studied and widely reported in literatures. The aims of this review were to summarize the important information of the bioactivities of chitosan, highlight the various preparation methods of chitosan-based active biosorbents, and outline its potential applications in the adsorption of heavy metal ions, dyes and proteins from wastewater and aqueous solutions.

  17. Optimization and Characterization of Chitosan Films for Transdermal Delivery of Ondansetron

    OpenAIRE

    Yıldız Özsoy; Sevgi Güngör; Meryem Sedef Erdal; Aslı Sedef Can

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop novel transdermal films of ondansetron HCl with high molecular weight chitosan as matrix polymer and 2-(2-ethoxy-ethoxy) ethanol (Transcutol®) as plasticizer. In this context, firstly the physicochemical properties of gels used to formulate transdermal films were characterized and, physicochemical properties and bioadhesiveness of the transdermal films prepared with chitosan gels were assessed. The impact of three different types of terpenes, namely limone...

  18. Single-step synthesis of magnetic chitosan composites and application for chromate (Cr(VI)) removal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨卫春; 唐琼芝; 董舒宇; 柴立元; 王海鹰

    2016-01-01

    Magnetic chitosan composites (Fe3O4@chitosan) were synthesized in one single-step, characterized and applied in Cr(VI) removal from water. With the increase of loading proportion of chitosan, Cr(VI) adsorption capacity of Fe3O4@chitosan composites increased from 10.771 to 21.040 mg/g. The optimum adsorption capacities of Cr(VI) on Fe3O4@chitosan-3 were found in a pH range of 3.0−5.0. Kinetic study results show that the adsorption process follows pseudo-second-order model, indicating that the rate-limiting step in the adsorption of Cr(VI) involves chemisorptions. Moreover, FT-IR spectra analysis confirms that the amine and hydroxyl groups of chitosan are predominantly responsible for binding. Results from this work demonstrate that the prepared Fe3O4@chitosan composites possess great potential in Cr(VI) removal from contaminated water.

  19. Nanosilica-Chitosan Composite Coating on Cotton Fabrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maharani, Dina Kartika; Kartini, Indriana; Aprilita, Nurul Hidayat

    2010-10-01

    Nanosilica-chitosan composite coating on cotton fabrics has been prepared by sol-gel method. The sol-gel procedure allows coating of material on nanometer scale, which several commonly used coating procedure cannot achieve. In addition, sol-gel coating technique can be applied to system without disruption of their structure functionaly. The coating were produced via hidrolysis and condensation of TEOS and GPTMS and then mixed with chitosan. The composite coating on cotton fabrics were characterized with X-Ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM) method. The result showed that the coating not changed or disrupted the cotton stucture. The coating result in a clear transparent thin layer on cotton surface. The nanocomposite coating has new applications in daily used materials, especially those with low heat resistance, such as textiles and plastics, and as an environmentally friendly water-repellent substitute for fluorine compounds.

  20. Optical Properties of Crosslinked Chitosan Thin Film with Glutaraldehyde Using Surface Plasmon Resonance Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yap W. Fen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The aim of this research is to study the optical properties of crosslinked chitosan thin film with glutaraldehyde using Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR technique. Approach: The crosslinked chitosan is synthesized by homogeneous reaction of medium molecular weight chitosan in aqueous acetic acid solution with glutaraldehyde as crosslinking agent. Four different amount of chitosan, i.e., 0.40, 0.50, 0.60 and 0.70 g of chitosan, were dissoloved in 50 ml acetic acid separately. Glass cover slips (as substrates were first coated with two sets of different thickness of gold layer. Then the amount of 0.55 mL of each crosslinked chitosan solution was spin coated onto the gold layer. Results: Using developed multilayer Matlab fitting program (matrix method based, the experimental surface plasmon resonance curves were fitted to obtain the thickness and refractive index of crosslinked chitosan thin film. The real and imaginary part of refractive index of crosslinked chitosan thin film are (1.540 ± 0.005 and (0.015 ± 0.002, respectively. Conclusion: The results are similar for all different thickness of the thin films and not affected by the thickness of gold layer. This study is important for future research on multilayer SPR sensor.

  1. Physical stability and moisture sorption of aqueous chitosan-amylose starch films plasticized with polyols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cervera, Mirna Fernández; Karjalainen, Milja; Airaksinen, Sari;

    2004-01-01

    The short-term stability and the water sorption of films prepared from binary mixtures of chitosan and native amylose maize starch (Hylon VII) were evaluated using free films. The aqueous polymer solutions of the free films contained 2% (w/w) film formers, glycerol, or erythritol as a plasticizer...... crystallinity of the films are evident within a 3-month period of storage, and the changes in the solid state are dependent on the plasticizer and storage conditions. When stored at ambient conditions for 3 months, the aqueous chitosan-amylose starch films plasticized with erythritol exhibited a partly...

  2. Preparation and Blood Compatibility of Oxidized-chitosan Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Dong YANG; Jiu Gao YU; Yong Guo ZHOU; Pei Guo LI

    2005-01-01

    Chitosan membrane was modified by the selective oxidization of chitosan molecules on its surface with NO2 gas. FTIR spectra indicated there were plenty of-COOH and -COO- groups on the modified membrane surface. The SEM study showed the modified membrane surface was rough rather than smooth as chitosan membrane. All antithrombosis test, hemolysis test and blood cell morphology observation with SEM revealed that modified chitosan membranes have superior blood compatibility to chitosan.

  3. Preparation and characterization of chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite composite used as bone substitute materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Li; Li Yubao; Zhou Gang; Wu Lan; Mu Yuanhua; Yang Zheng

    2007-01-01

    Chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite composites with different weight ratios were prepared through a co-precipitation method using Ca(OH)2, H3PO4 and chitosan as starting materials. The properties of these composites were characterized by means of TEM, IR, XRD, TGA, bum-out tests and universal matertial testing machine. The results showed that the HA synthesized here was poorly crystalline carbonated nanometer crystals and dispersed uniformly in chitosan phase and there was no phase-separation between the two phases. The addition of n-HA resulted in a decrease of decomposing temperature of chitosan. Because of the interactions between chitosan and n-HA, the mechanical properties of these composites were improved, and the maximum value of the compressive strength was measured to be about 120MPa corresponding to the chitosan/n-HA composite with a weight ratio of 30/70.

  4. Chitosan and chitosan/wheat gluten blends : properties of extrudates, solid films and bio-foams

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Fei

    2015-01-01

    This thesis presents four different studis describing the characteristics and processing opportunities of two widely available biopolymers: chitosan and wheat gluten. The interest in these materials is mainly because they are bio-based and obtained as co- or by-products in the fuel and food sector In the first study, high solids content chitosan samples (60 wt.%) were successfully extruded. Chitosan extrusion has previously been reported but not chitosan extrusion with a high solids content, ...

  5. Preparation and thermal properties of chitosan/bentonite composite beads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teofilović Vesna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to their biodegradable and nontoxic nature, biopolymer composites are often used as remarkable adsorbents in treatment of wastewater. In this study chitosan/bentonite composite beads were obtained by addition of clay into the polymer using solution process. Before the composite preparation, bentonite was modified with surfactant cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB. The morphology of beads was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Thermal properties of the composite beads were studied by simultaneous thermogravimetry coupled with differential scanning calorimetry (SDT and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC. TG results showed that the complex decomposition mechanism of the composites depends on the preparation procedure. It was observed that the concentration of NaOH used for composites precipitation affects the final structure of beads. The influence of preparation procedure on the glass transition temperature Tg of chitosan/bentonite samples was not found (Tg values for all samples were about 144 °C. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III45022 and ON172014 and Provincial Secretariat of Vojvodina for Science and Technological Development 114-451-2396/2011-01.

  6. A study on the performance of hyaluronic acid immobilized chitosan film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Yingjun; Guo Li; Ren Li; Yin Shiheng [Biomaterial Research Institute, College of Material Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640 (China); Ge Jian; Gao Qianying [State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510060 (China); Luxbacher, Thomas; Luo Shijing, E-mail: imwangyj@scut.edu.c, E-mail: psliren@scut.edu.c [Anton Paar GmbH, Anton-Paar-Strasse 20, A-8054 Graz (Austria)

    2009-06-15

    In order to improve hydrophilicity and biocompatibility of chitosan, hyaluronic acid was immobilized onto the surface of chitosan film. The structure of films was characterized by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance (ATR-FTIR), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and zeta potential. Results confirmed that hyaluronic acid was successfully immobilized on chitosan film. Transparency, water absorption percentage and contact angle of films were characterized. Results showed that there was no significant variation in transparency (p < 0.05) before and after immobilization, the maximum was up to 99% which was enough for corneal regeneration in clinical applications. After the immobilization, the time-dependent contact angle declined sharply (from 91.8 deg. to 67.7 deg. at 100 s). The hydrophilicity was significantly improved. The methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay was used to assess cell viability and proliferation. Results showed that human cornea epithelial cells (HCEC) grew better on hyaluronic acid immobilized chitosan films than on chitosan films. The hyaluronic acid immobilized chitosan film could be a promising candidate material for corneal regeneration.

  7. A study on the performance of hyaluronic acid immobilized chitosan film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve hydrophilicity and biocompatibility of chitosan, hyaluronic acid was immobilized onto the surface of chitosan film. The structure of films was characterized by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflectance (ATR-FTIR), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and zeta potential. Results confirmed that hyaluronic acid was successfully immobilized on chitosan film. Transparency, water absorption percentage and contact angle of films were characterized. Results showed that there was no significant variation in transparency (p < 0.05) before and after immobilization, the maximum was up to 99% which was enough for corneal regeneration in clinical applications. After the immobilization, the time-dependent contact angle declined sharply (from 91.8 deg. to 67.7 deg. at 100 s). The hydrophilicity was significantly improved. The methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay was used to assess cell viability and proliferation. Results showed that human cornea epithelial cells (HCEC) grew better on hyaluronic acid immobilized chitosan films than on chitosan films. The hyaluronic acid immobilized chitosan film could be a promising candidate material for corneal regeneration.

  8. Non-monotonic wetting behavior of chitosan films induced by silver nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Praxedes, A. P. P.; Webler, G. D.; Souza, S. T.; Ribeiro, A. S.; Fonseca, E. J. S.; de Oliveira, I. N.

    2016-05-01

    The present work is devoted to the study of structural and wetting properties of chitosan-based films containing silver nanoparticles. In particular, the effects of silver concentration on the morphology of chitosan films are characterized by different techniques, such as atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). By means of dynamic contact angle measurements, we study the modification on surface properties of chitosan-based films due to the addition of silver nanoparticles. The results are analyzed in the light of molecular-kinetic theory which describes the wetting phenomena in terms of statistical dynamics for the displacement of liquid molecules in a solid substrate. Our results show that the wetting properties of chitosan-based films are high sensitive to the fraction of silver nanoparticles, with the equilibrium contact angle exhibiting a non-monotonic behavior.

  9. Preparation and dielectric characterization of Arrowroot-Chitosan film for microwave phantom applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ullas G. Kalappura

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea and Chitosanare two well-known materials used in medical and scientificapplications. Both materials possess medicinal properties andhave the ability to form thick gels. Chitosan-reinforcedArrowroot film was developed and its dielectric characterizationwas performed at microwave frequencies. Cavity perturbationmethod was used for the measurement. The study proposes theuse of Arrowroot-Chitosan film as phantom materialrepresenting human body counterparts in microwave imagingapplications.

  10. Effects of interactions between the constituents of chitosan-edible films on their physical properties

    OpenAIRE

    Cerqueira, M. A.; Teixeira, J.A.; Vicente, A.A.

    2012-01-01

    The main objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of chitosan and plasticizer concentrations and oil presence on the physical and mechanical properties of edible films. The effect of the film constituents and their in-between interactions were studied through the evaluation of permeability, opacity and mechanical properties. The effects of the studied variables (concentrations of chitosan, plasticizer and oil) were analysed according to a 2 3 factorial design. Pareto charts were used...

  11. Mechanical and biological properties of chitosan/carbon nanotube nanocomposite films

    OpenAIRE

    Aryaei, Ashkan; Jayatissa, Ahalapitiya H.; Jayasuriya, Ambalangodage C.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, different concentrations of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) were homogeneously dispersed throughout the chitosan (CS) matrix. A simple solvent-cast method was used to fabricate chitosan films with 0.1, 0.5, and 1% of MWCNT with the average diameter around 30 nm. The CS/MWCNT films were characterized for structural, viscous and mechanical properties with optical microscopy, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, tensile test machine, and microindentation testing ...

  12. Synthesis and Characterization of Covalently Linked Graphene/Chitosan Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayyar, S.; Murray, E.; Gambhir, S.; Spinks, G.; Wallace, G. G.; Officer, D. L.

    2016-01-01

    Chitosan, a naturally derived polysaccharide, was covalently linked to chemically converted graphene (CCG) and the properties of the resulting composites were investigated. The composites were prepared using a stable dispersion of CCG in aqueous solvent. The CCG sheets are stabilised in solution by a small number of peripheral charged groups that can be used to form amide linkages with the polymer matrix. Apart from processability and swellability, the synthesized composites exhibited improved mechanical properties and conductivity by the addition of graphene. Graphene incorporation also introduced a control over the extent of swelling in the composites. The synthesized graphene/composites are promising materials for a variety of applications, for example as conducting substrates for the electrically stimulated growth of cells.

  13. Sorption of technetium on composite chitosan-hydroxyapatite from aqueous solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biomaterials such as natural polymers (chitosan) and hydroxyapatite have an important application in material for bone replacement. Most of chitosan/hydroxyapatite composites are prepared by mixing hydroxyapatite particles with chitosan matrices. Another method of preparation of chitosan/hydroxyapatite composite is in-situ generation of nano-hydroxyapatite in chitosan matrix. The most common biomaterial used in the past years in hard tissue regeneration was hydroxyapatite, owing to its properties as biocompatibility, bioactivity, non-toxicity, non-immunogenicity etc. Chitosan is a polyaminosacharide, partially deacetylated product of chitin. Chitosan can be used in combination with other materials to enhance bone growth such as bone filling paste. The aims of this work were: the influence of the contact time on sorption of pertechnate anions on chitosan/hydroxyapatite composites; the effect of pH on sorption of pertechnate anions on chitosan/hydroxyapatite composites; the effect of foreign ions on sorption of pertechnate anions on chitosan/hydroxyapatite composites. The author concluded: the percentage of technetium sorption after 1 hour of contact time was > 97 %. In the initial pH range of 2.9-10.2, the percentage of technetium sorption on chitosan/hydroxyapatite composites CH/HA(A), CH/HA(B), CH/HA 30:70, ZCH was > 98 % and on CH/HA 50:50 was > 94%. The competition effect of Fe2+ towards TcO4:- sorption is stronger than competition effect of other observed cations for all examined composites with the same weight ratio. The percentage of the technetium sorption was the same for all composites with the weight ratio of 30:70. (authors)

  14. Development and characterization of biodegradable chitosan films containing two essential oils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Zhu; Kamdem, Donatien Pascal

    2015-03-01

    Active biodegradable films from chitosan containing 10% to 30% w/w of citronella essential oil (CEO) and cedarwood oil (CWO) were developed by casting and solvent-evaporation method, and their physical, mechanical and thermal properties were investigated. Possible interactions between the chitosan chains and the essential oils were confirmed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Various amounts of CEO or CWO had significant effects on the films' mechanical properties, with the exception of 10% of CEO, which did not significantly affect the tensile strength of the films. The incorporation of the two tested oils provoked a remarkable reduction in the water-vapor permeability properties, with a decrease of about 63% when 30% CEO was added in chitosan films. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that degradation temperatures of the films containing CEO and CWO improved only slightly in comparison to control films without essential oils. FTIR spectra analysis provided some insights on the possible interactions between chitosan and the two essential oils used. This study suggests that active films can be developed by including CEO and CWO in a chitosan matrix. Such films can provide new formulation options for packaging industries in developing active packaging with potential food-technology applications. PMID:25542174

  15. The effects of heating and chemical acetylation on ultrathin chitosan films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Christopher A.

    We have prepared thin, uniform films by spincoating solutions of chitosan dissolved in dilute acetic acid onto silicon substrates while controlling the spin speed and the relative humidity inside the spincoater. Films with thicknesses between 20 and 600 nm (as measured using ellipsometry) and rms roughnesses of ˜1 nm measured by atomic force microscopy) were prepared. These films readily absorbed water in the presence of high humidity. We present the results of several experiments in which changes in the thickness, index of refraction and molecular environment in response to changes in relative humidity for ultrathin films of chitosan are examined as a function of exposure to temperatures above 150°C. Measurements performed using ellipsometry, surface plasmon resonance, and Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy indicate that changes in the films caused by heating are similar to those associated with chemical acetylation, which is typically accomplished by exposure of chitosan to acetic anhydride. We present a possible mechanism by which chitosan is transformed by moderate heating into a material with increased chemical crosslinks and material properties that are similar to those of chitin. This heat-induced change may offer a simple method for stabilizing chitosan with respect to moisture and provide a non-toxic alternative to chemically converting chitosan into chitin.

  16. Preparation and water absorption of cross-linked chitosan/silk fibroin blend films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suesat, Jantip; Rujiravanit, Ratana [Chulalongkorn University, The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Bangkok (Thailand); Jamieson, Alexander M. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Department of Macromolecular Science, Cleveland (United States); Tokura, Seiichi [Kansai Univ., Faculty of Engineering, Osaka (Japan)

    2001-03-01

    Natural polymer blend films composed of chitosan and silk fibroin were prepared by varying the ratio of chitosan to silk fibroin, with and without glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent. The effects of the ratio of chitosan to silk fibroin and crosslinking agent on swelling behavior of the blend films were studied. For the swelling behavior, the blend films exhibited a dramatic change in the degree of swelling when immersed in acidic solutions. The degree of swelling of the films increased as the chitosan content increased; the blend film with 80% chitosan content had the maximum degree of swelling. It appeared that crosslinking had occurred in the blend films which helped the films to retain their three dimensional structure. In addition, FTIR spectra of the films showed evidence of hydrogen bonding interaction between chitosan and silk fibroin. For the effect of salt type, the films were immersed in various types of aqueous salt solutions, viz NaCl, LiCl, CaCl{sub 2}, AlCl{sub 3}, and FeCl{sub 3}. The films immersed in AlCl{sub 3} and FeCl{sub 3} aqueous solutions gave the maximum degree of swelling. The effects of AlCl{sub 3} and FeCl{sub 3} concentrations on swelling behavior were also investigated. It was found that the maximum degree of swelling of the films occurred at 1.0 x 10{sup -2} M of AlCl{sub 3} and FeCl{sub 3} aqueous solutions. (author)

  17. Real-time monitoring of peptide grafting onto chitosan films using capillary electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Danielle L; Thevarajah, Joel J; Narayan, Diksha K; Murphy, Patricia; Mangala, Melissa M; Lim, Seakcheng; Wuhrer, Richard; Lefay, Catherine; O'Connor, Michael D; Gaborieau, Marianne; Castignolles, Patrice

    2015-03-01

    Chitosan, being antimicrobial and biocompatible, is attractive as a cell growth substrate. To improve cell attachment, arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-serine (RGDS) peptides were covalently grafted to chitosan films, through the widely used coupling agents 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC-HCl) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), via the carboxylic acid function of the RGDS molecule. The grafting reaction was monitored, for the first time, in real time using free-solution capillary electrophoresis (CE). This enabled fast separation and determination of the peptide and all other reactants in one separation with no sample preparation. Covalent RGDS peptide grafting onto the chitosan film surface was demonstrated using solid-state NMR of swollen films. CE indicated that oligomers of RGDS, not simply RGDS, were grafted on the film, with a likely hyperbranched structure. To assess the functional properties of the grafted films, cell growth was compared on control and peptide-grafted chitosan films. Light microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis demonstrated greatly improved cell attachment to RGDS-grafted chitosan films. PMID:25680633

  18. Photothermal Mucoadhesive Biomaterial Composites of Rambutan-like Gold Micro/Nanostructure and Chitosan

    OpenAIRE

    Korkiatithaweechai S.; Muangsin N.; Pangdam A.; Ekgasit S.; Praphairaksit N.M.

    2012-01-01

    Photothermal property is one of the many remarkable characteristics possessed by gold nanoparticles of which a near-infrared (NIR) laser can be converted into heat. This methodology can potentially be used to provide direct and local heating of sensitive organs. Such ability was incorporated along with the mucoadhesive property of chitosan and investigated in this work. The rambutan-like gold nanoparticles were bound onto chitosan and the resulting gold micro/nanostructure-chitosan composite ...

  19. Mechanical Properties of Chitosan-Starch Composite Filled Hydroxyapatite Micro- and Nanopowders

    OpenAIRE

    Jafar Ai; Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani; Esmaeil Biazar; Saeed Heidari K; Rahim Jahandideh

    2011-01-01

    Hydroxyapatite is a biocompatible ceramic and reinforcing material for bone implantations. In this study, Starch-chitosan hydrogel was produced using the oxidation of starch solution and subsequently cross-linked with chitosan via reductive alkylation method (weight ratio (starch/chitosan): 0.38). The hydroxyapatite micropowders and nanopowders synthesized by sol-gel method (10, 20, 30, 40 %W) were composited to hydrogels and were investigated by mechanical analysis. The results of SEM images...

  20. In Situ Degradation of Chitosan-Polygalacturonic Acid/Hydroxyapatite Nano composites in Cell Culture Media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The molecular and mechanical characteristics of in situ degradation behavior of chitosan-polygalacturonic acid/hydroxyapatite (Chi-PgA-HAP) nano composite films is investigated using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and modulus mapping techniques for up to 48 days of soaking in cell culture media. The surface molecular structure of media-soaked samples changes over the course of 48 days of soaking, as indicated by significant changes in phosphate vibrations (1200-900cm-1) indicating apatite formation. Chitosan-Polygalacturonic acid polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) govern structural integrity of Chi-PgA-HAP nano composites and FTIR spectra indicate that PECs remain intact until 48 days of soaking. In situ AFM experiments on media-soaked samples indicate that soaking results in a change in topography and swelling proceeds differently at the initial soaking periods of about 8 days than for longer soaking. In situ modulus mapping experiments are done on soaked samples by probing 13 nm of surface indicating elastic moduli of 4 GPa resulting from proteins adsorbed on Chi-PgA-HAP nano composites. The elastic modulus decreases by 2 GPa over a long exposure to cell culture media (48 days). Thus, as water enters the Chi-PgA-HAP sample, surface molecular interactions in Chi-PgA-HAP structure occur that result in swelling, causing small changes in nano scale mechanical properties.

  1. Effect of composition and properties of chitosan-based edible coatings on microflora of meat and meat products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis A. Baranenko

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background. Analysis of the properties of various chitosan grades has resulted in a working hypothesis that chitosan can be used as part of protective film-forming coatings for meat and meat products. The aim of this study was the research of composition, properties and antibacterial activity of chitosan-based coatings used for cold storage of meat and meat products. Material and methods. Protective coatings, developed by the authors, based on organic acids and chi- tosan with food gelatin, or distarch glycerol, or wheat fiber, or sodium alginate, or guar gum have been used as research material. The coatings were applied on the surfaces of retail cuts of veal and rabbit meat, boiled sausages, smoked sausages and smoked-boiled pork brisket. Antimicrobial activity of the solutions was evaluated in vitro. Microbial indicators of the mixtures were also determined by the zone of inhibition assay. Dynamic viscosity, the activation energy of viscous flow and pH of mixtures of fluids were measured. During the storage of meat and meat products total viable count of microorganisms was determined. Results. Polymer solutions of chitosan:starch and chitosan:gelatin are technologicaly compatible, solutions of chitosan:fiber are two-phase colloidal systems. Coatings did not alter the samples inherent flavour char- acteristics. All coatings reduced total viable count of microorganisms compared to control samples without coating. Composition based on 2% solution of chitosan and organic acids and 2% gelatin solution in a ratio of 1:1 has the strongest bacteriostatic effect for meat and meat products. Including potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate in gelatin and chitosan solutions mixture for protective coating was not found reasonable, because of their lower bacteriostatic effect. Combined application of vacuum and protective coatings pro- vided the strongest suppressing effect on microflora in all samples. Conclusions.The chitosan-based edible coatings

  2. Improved Biodegradable Radiation Cured Polymeric Film Prepared from Chitosan-Gelatin Blend

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinia Nasreen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The mechanical, thermal, swelling, and release properties of chitosan-gelatin (CG films have been investigated in order to verify the influence of UV and gamma radiation on the stability of the films. Thin films of chitosan and gelatin (1 : 3, w/w that were radiated with 100 krad of gamma dose showed the best performance and the TS values reached 25, 45, and 49 MPa, respectively, for chitosan, gelatin, and blend. The corresponding highest TS values were 23, 42, and 45 MPa, respectively, for 10 passes of UV radiation. The effect of radiation over gelatin, chitosan, and CG blend caused modification in the arrangement of molecules in the crystal lattice that is significant by XRD analysis. Surfaces of the films were also investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR studies further revealed structural changes of the films. These changes were attributed to understanding the behavior of the irradiated chitosan, gelatin, and CG blend on application of thermal energy using DSC and TGA studies, water uptake of the films in aqueous medium, and soil degradation properties to observe the best possibility for its application.

  3. Morphological characteristics and barrier properties of thermoplastic starch/chitosan blown film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Khanh Minh; Yoksan, Rangrong

    2016-10-01

    Fabrication of starch-based edible film using blown film extrusion is challenging and interesting because this process provides continuous operation with shorter production time and lower energy consumption, is less labor intensive, and results in higher productivity than the conventional solution casting technique. Previously, we reported on the preparation and some properties of thermoplastic starch/chitosan (TPS/CTS) blown films; however, their morphological characteristics and barrier properties had not yet been elucidated. The present work thus aims to investigate the effect of chitosan (0.37-1.45%) on morphological characteristics, water vapor and oxygen barrier properties as well as hydrophilicity of the TPS and TPS/CTS films. The relationship between morphological characteristics and properties of the films was also discussed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the distribution and deposition of chitosan on the film surface. The existence of chitosan on the surface imparted the improved water vapor and oxygen barrier properties and the reduced surface hydrophilicity to the film. The results suggest that this biodegradable bio-based TPS/CTS film could potentially be used as an edible film for food and pharmaceutical applications. PMID:27312611

  4. Investigations of Self-Healing Property of Chitosan-Reinforced Epoxy Dye Composite Coatings

    OpenAIRE

    Hüsnügül Yılmaz Atay; Leyla Eral Doğan; Erdal Çelik

    2013-01-01

    Chitosan has a very wide application range in different parts of life such as in biomedical and antimicrobial areas. In recent years the self-healing property of chitosan becomes more of an issue. In the study chitosan was used to obtain a self-healing composite material. An epoxy dye was converted to a self-healing coating. Different types of samples were prepared by coating the glass substrates with a polymer matrix reinforced with various amounts of chitosan. The samples were characterized...

  5. A review on chitosan-cellulose blends and nanocellulose reinforced chitosan biocomposites: Properties and their applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    H P S, Abdul Khalil; Saurabh, Chaturbhuj K; A S, Adnan; Nurul Fazita, M R; Syakir, M I; Davoudpour, Y; Rafatullah, M; Abdullah, C K; M Haafiz, M K; Dungani, R

    2016-10-01

    Chitin is one of the most abundant natural polymers in world and it is used for the production of chitosan by deacetylation. Chitosan is antibacterial in nature, non-toxic, and biodegradable thus it can be used for the production of biodegradable film which is a green alternative to commercially available synthetic counterparts. However, their poor mechanical and thermal properties restricted its wide spread applications. Chitosan is highly compatible with other biopolymers thus its blending with cellulose and/or incorporation of nanofiber isolated from cellulose namely cellulose nanofiber and cellulose nanowhiskers are generally useful. Cellulosic fibers in nano scale are attractive reinforcement in chitosan to produce environmental friendly composite films with improved physical properties. Thus chitosan based composites have wide applicability and potential in the field of biomedical, packaging and water treatment. This review summarises properties and preparation procedure of chitosan-cellulose blends and nano size cellulose reinforcement in chitosan bionanocomposites for different applications. PMID:27312632

  6. Borate cross-linked graphene oxide-chitosan as robust and high gas barrier films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Ning; Capezzuto, Filomena; Lavorgna, Marino; Buonocore, Giovanna G.; Tescione, Fabiana; Xia, Hesheng; Ambrosio, Luigi

    2016-05-01

    Chitosan (CS) is one of the most promising polymers due to its biocompatibility, biodegradability, and natural abundance. However, its poor mechanical and barrier properties make it difficult to satisfy a wide range of applications. Herein, borate ions, originating from the hydrolysis of sodium tetraborate decahydrate (borax), have been used to crosslink chitosan and graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites. Chitosan films consisting of 1.0 wt% boron and 1.0 wt% GO exhibit a significant improvement in both the toughness and oxygen barrier properties compared to pristine chitosan. In particular the tensile strength of the samples after thermal treatment increases by ~160% compared to pristine chitosan, whereas their oxygen permeability reduces by ~90%. This is ascribed to the chemical crosslinking between chitosan and GO nanoplatelets through borate ions, as well as the formation of a layered morphology with graphene nanoplatelets oriented parallel to the sample surface. The exceptional robust and high gas barrier film has promising application in the packaging industry. The borate-crosslinking chemistry represents the potential strategy for improving properties of other polymer nanocomposites.Chitosan (CS) is one of the most promising polymers due to its biocompatibility, biodegradability, and natural abundance. However, its poor mechanical and barrier properties make it difficult to satisfy a wide range of applications. Herein, borate ions, originating from the hydrolysis of sodium tetraborate decahydrate (borax), have been used to crosslink chitosan and graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites. Chitosan films consisting of 1.0 wt% boron and 1.0 wt% GO exhibit a significant improvement in both the toughness and oxygen barrier properties compared to pristine chitosan. In particular the tensile strength of the samples after thermal treatment increases by ~160% compared to pristine chitosan, whereas their oxygen permeability reduces by ~90%. This is ascribed to the chemical

  7. Preparation and Properties of Non-Crosslinked and Ionically Crosslinked Chitosan/Agar Blended Hydrogel Films

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoud Nasef, Mohamed; Esam A. El-hefian; Saalah, Sariah; Yahaya, Adul Hamid

    2011-01-01

    Hydrogel films of chitosan (Cs) and agar blends of various proportions were prepared using physical solution blending. Some of the obtained films were ionically cross-linked by treatment with calcium chloride solution. The obtained films were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetery (DSC) and universal mechanical tester. The non-crosslinked Cs/agar blended films showed lower water swelling, melting tem...

  8. Determination of the mechanical, diffractometer and thermal properties of chitosan and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose films (HPMC)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work examined the mechanical, diffractometry and thermal properties of chitosan-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) films. The solutions of chitosan and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose were mixed at different proportions (100/0; 70/30; 50/50; 30/70 and 0/100) respectively, and 20 m L was casting at Petri dishes to posterior analysis of dried films. The miscibility of polymers has been assessed by X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). It was shown that although weak hydrogen bonding exists between the polymer functional groups, the films are not fully miscible at a dry state. (author)

  9. Preparation and Application of Chitosan Membranes to Filter Silver from X-ray Film Processing Wastes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyoman Rupiasih, N.; Rustam Purnomo, Rendra; Sumadiyasa, Made

    2016-04-01

    Chitosan is a natural polysaccharide biopolymer which has been widely used in different processes and applications. Chitosan based membranes have been used in reverse osmosis, gas separation, dialysis and pervaporation. The object of this research was investigating the possibility of chitosan membrane used as a filter for removing silver (Ag) from X-ray film processing wastes. Several of chitosan membranes such as M1, M2, M3 and M4 have been prepared for the purpose and filtration was done using dead-end filtration method. The filtration experiments were performed on a flat sheet membrane using pure water and X-ray film processing wastes as feeds. The analysis of silver concentration has been done by atomic absorption spectrometers (AAS). The results show that chitosan membrane M2 gave the highest filtration coefficient (Rcoeff ) i.e. 99.9%, with the pure water flux (PWF) and product flux (PF) are 2972.56 L/m2h and 1761.18 L/m2h respectively. The rejection coefficient of the membranes decreases with increasing the amount of chitosan, while the pure water flux and product flux are increased. The filtration coefficients show that the chitosan membranes are able to filter silver waste from X-ray film processing wastes with performance dependent on their characteristic such as pores size. This suggests that, chitosan membrane can be used as one method that is safe and friendly environment for recovering silver from X-ray film processing waste to improve the quality of treated to an acceptable quality level.

  10. Hard tissue compatibility of natural hydroxyapatite/chitosan composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The natural hydroxyapatite/chitosan (NHC) composite is a new synthesized material. The aim of this experiment was to assess the bone tissue compatibility of this NHC composite in vivo. Twenty-four healthy New Zealand rabbits were included in this study. Of those, 20 were used as the experimental group and four as the control group. In the experimental group, animals receive a cranium defect procedure and NHC composite repair. In the control group, animals underwent the cranium defect procedure without NHC composite repair. At 1, 4, 12, 24, and 40 weeks after surgery, the animals were sacrificed and samples were taken and assessed by gross observation, three-dimensional (3D) computerized tomographic (CT) reconstruction, histology and scanning electron microscope. Our results showed that at 1 week after repairing the bone defect with the NHC composite in the experimental group, new bone appeared around the composite and matured gradually. At 24 weeks after surgery, there were little collagenous tissues present between the material and surrounding bones. At 40 weeks after surgery, new bone had grown into the mature bone and total osseointegration had occurred. In the control group, however, no bone defect healing was observed at 40 weeks after surgery. All these results of the present in vivo work suggest that the NHC composite has a good hard tissue biocompatibility and an excellent osteoconductivity. It is suitable for artificial bone implants and frame materials of tissue engineering.

  11. Antimicrobial properties of chitosan-poly (vinyl alcohol) films containing dragon blood extract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydro alcoholic, alcoholic and aqueous Dragon's blood (Croton lechleri) extracts were introduced in gamma irradiated chitosan-poly (vinyl alcohol) films and their antimicrobial properties against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli y Pseudomonas aeruginosa have been evaluated. These films as well as the latex exhibit activity against S. aureus only and have potential application as wound healing material. (author)

  12. Chemical modification of chitosan film via surface grafting of citric acid molecular to promote the biomineralization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yang; Shen, Xin; Zhou, Huan; Wang, Yingjun; Deng, Linhong

    2016-05-01

    We develop a novel chitosan-citric acid film (abbreviated as CS-CA) suitable for biomedical applications in this study. In this CS-CA film, the citric acid, which is a harmless organic acid has been extensively investigated as a modifying agent on carbohydrate polymers, was cross-linked by 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) onto the surface of chitosan (CS) film. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirms the graft copolymerization of the modified chitosan film (CS-CA). Surface wettability, moisturizing performance, the capacity of mineralization in vitro and biocompatibility of the films were characterized. After modification, this CS-CA film has good hydrophilicity. It is very evident that the citric acid grafting treatment significantly promotes the biomineralization of the chitosan based substrates. Cell experiments show that the MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts can adhere and proliferate well on the surface of CS-CA film. This CS-CA film, which can be prepared in large quantities and at low cost, should have potential application in bone tissue engineering.

  13. Mechanical and biological properties of chitosan/carbon nanotube nanocomposite films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aryaei, Ashkan; Jayatissa, Ahalapitiya H; Jayasuriya, Ambalangodage C

    2014-08-01

    In this article, different concentrations of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) were homogeneously dispersed throughout the chitosan (CS) matrix. A simple solvent-cast method was used to fabricate chitosan films with 0.1, 0.5, and 1% of MWCNT with the average diameter around 30 nm. The CS/MWCNT films were characterized for structural, viscous and mechanical properties with optical microscopy, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, tensile test machine, and microindentation testing machine. Murine osteoblasts were used to examine the cell viability and attachment of the nanocomposite films at two time points. In comparison to the pure chitosan film, the mechanical properties, including the tensile modulus and strength of the films, were greatly improved by increasing the percentage of MWCNT. Furthermore, adding MWCNT up to 1% increased the viscosity of the chitosan solution by 15%. However, adding MWCNT decreased the samples ductility and transparency. In biological point of view, no toxic effect on osteoblasts was observed in the presence of different percentages of MWCNT at day 3 and day 7. This investigation suggested MWCNT could be a promising candidate for improving chitosan mechanical properties without inducing remarkable cytotoxicity on bone cells. PMID:24108584

  14. Curcumin-Loaded Chitosan/Gelatin Composite Sponge for Wound Healing Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Cuong Nguyen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Three composite sponges were made with 10% of curcumin and by using polymers, namely, chitosan and gelatin with various ratios. The chemical structure and morphology were evaluated by FTIR and SEM. These sponges were evaluated for water absorption capacity, antibacterial activity, in vitro drug release, and in vivo wound healing studies by excision wound model using rabbits. The in vivo study presented a greater wound closure in wounds treated with curcumin-composite sponge than those with composite sponge without curcumin and untreated group. These obtained results showed that combination of curcumin, chitosan and gelatin could improve the wound healing activity in comparison to chitosan, and gelatin without curcumin.

  15. Optimization and Characterization of Chitosan Films for Transdermal Delivery of Ondansetron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yıldız Özsoy

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to develop novel transdermal films of ondansetron HCl with high molecular weight chitosan as matrix polymer and 2-(2-ethoxy-ethoxy ethanol (Transcutol® as plasticizer. In this context, firstly the physicochemical properties of gels used to formulate transdermal films were characterized and, physicochemical properties and bioadhesiveness of the transdermal films prepared with chitosan gels were assessed. The impact of three different types of terpenes, namely limonene, nerolidol and eucalyptol on in vitro skin permeation of ondansetron from transdermal films were also examined. ATR-FTIR measurements were performed to investigate the effects of the chitosan film formulations on in vitro conformational order of stratum corneum intercellular lipids after 24 h permeation study. The results showed that the chitosan gels consisting of Transcutol® as plasticizer and terpenes as penetration enhancer may be used to prepare transdermal films of ondansetron due to the good mechanical properties and bioadhesiveness of the transdermal films. Eucalyptol (1% showed higher permeation enhancer effect than the other terpenes and control. ATR-FTIR data confirmed that finding in which eucalyptol induced a blue shift in the both CH2 asymmetric and symmetric absorbance peak positions indicating increased lipid fluidity of stratum corneum.

  16. Adsorption of Heavy Metal Ions, Dyes and Proteins by Chitosan Composites and Derivatives-A Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Bingjie; WANG Dongfeng; YU Guangli; MENG Xianghong

    2013-01-01

    Chitosan composites and derivatives have gained wide attentions as effective biosorbents due to their low costs and high contents of amino and hydroxyl functional groups.They have showed significant potentials of removing metal ions,dyes and proteins from various media.Chemical modifications that lead to the formation of the chitosan derivatives and chitosan composites have been extensively studied and widely reported in literatures.The aims of this review were to summarize the important information of the bioactivities of chitosan,highlight the various preparation methods of chitosan-based active biosorbents,and outline its potential applications in the adsorption of heavy metal ions,dyes and proteins from wastewater and aqueous solutions.

  17. Preparation, Morphological Structure, and Physico-chemical Properties of Chitosan-Whey Protein Isolate Composite Film%壳聚糖-乳清分离蛋白复合膜的制备、形态结构及理化性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈悦; 陈季旺; 周琦; 夏文水

    2014-01-01

    以壳聚糖(chitosan,CTS)和乳清分离蛋白(whey protein isolate,WPI)为成膜基质,制备壳聚糖-乳清分离蛋白复合膜(chitosan/whey protein isolate composite film,CWF),并分析CWF的理化性质.通过测定CWF的拉伸强度、断裂延伸率、水蒸气透过率、透明度,优化CWF的成膜条件为CTS脱乙酰度90%、分子质量300 kD,成膜液pH 3,甘油添加量1.5%,WPI添加量0.5%.CWF的机械性能和剥离性比CTS膜显著改善,WVP和透明度有良好的改善.扫描电镜分析显示CWF的横截面更规则、均匀,且外观为均匀半透明膜.傅里叶红外光谱扫描结果显示CTS、WPI制备CWF时在其分子之间形成了强烈的相互作用,二者有良好的相容性.

  18. Influence of Physical and Chemical Modification on the Optical Rotatory Dispersion and Biological Activity of Chitosan Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. B. Shipovskaya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The optical and bactericidal properties of acetic and basic chitosan films were studied. By the ORD technique, we found that these films differed in the values of their specific optical rotation and of their rotary and dispersive constants. A sign inversion of was observed when the acetic chitosan films were heat-treated. The bactericidal activity of the initial and dehydrated acetic films was analyzed, and their moisture content and optical and biological activities were compared.

  19. Preparation, characterization and magnetic properties of the BaFe12O19 @ chitosan composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lei; Zhang, Zunju; Xie, Yu; Zhao, Jie

    2016-07-01

    The BaFe12O19 @ chitosan composites are synthesized by the crosslinking reaction through chitosan and glutaraldehyde onto the surface of BaFe12O19. The structures of the samples were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The shape and size were observed by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. These results showed that chitosan has been decorated onto the surface of BaFe12O19, and the chitosan-glutaraldehyde Schiff-base composites have also been formed within the chitosan layers. Then, the magnetic properties of the samples were tested with the vibrating sample magnetometer. The magnetic saturation (MS), residual magnetization (Mr) and coercive force (Hc) values of the BaFe12O19 @ chitosan Schiff-base composite have achieved 44.94 emu/g, 27.82 emu/g and 3580.7 Oe, respectively. Compared with single BaFe12O19, the MS, and Mr of the BaFe12O19 @ chitosan composites decreases 12.31 emu/g and 8.58 emu/g, respectively. Finally, based on the experimental results, the probable formation mechanism of this composite has been investigated.

  20. Chitin Fiber and Chitosan 3D Composite Rods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengke Wang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Chitin fiber (CHF and chitosan (CS 3D composite rods with layer-by-layer structure were constructed by in situ precipitation method. CHF could not be dissolved in acetic acid aqueous solution, but CS could be dissolved due to the different deacetylation degree (D.D between CHF and CS. CHF with undulate surfaces could be observed using SEM to demonstrate that the sufficiently rough surfaces and edges of the fiber could enhance the mechanical combining stress between fiber and matrix. XRD indicated that the crystallinity of CHF/CS composites decreased and CS crystal plane d-spacing of CHF/CS composites became larger than that of pure CS rod. TG analysis showed that mixing a little amount of CHF could enhance thermal stability of CS rod, but when the content of CHF was higher than the optimum amount, its thermal stability decreased. When 0.5% CHF was added into CS matrix, the bending strength and bending modulus of the composite rods arrived at 114.2 MPa and 5.2 GPa, respectively, increased by 23.6% and 26.8% compared with pure CS rods, indicating that CHF/CS composite rods could be a better candidate for bone fracture internal fixation.

  1. Chitosan-chitin nanocrystal composite scaffolds for tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Mingxian; Zheng, Huanjun; Chen, Juan; Li, Shuangli; Huang, Jianfang; Zhou, Changren

    2016-11-01

    Chitin nanocrystals (CNCs) with length and width of 300 and 20nm were uniformly dispersed in chitosan (CS) solution. The CS/CNCs composite scaffolds prepared utilizing a dispersion-based freeze dry approach exhibit significant enhancement in compressive strength and modulus compared with pure CS scaffold both in dry and wet state. A well-interconnected porous structure with size in the range of 100-200μm and over 80% porosity are found in the composite scaffolds. The crystal structure of CNCs is retained in the composite scaffolds. The incorporation of CNCs leads to increase in the scaffold density and decrease in the water swelling ratio. Moreover, the composite scaffolds are successfully applied as scaffolds for MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cells, showing their excellent biocompatibility and low cytotoxicity. The results of fluorescent micrographs images reveal that CNCs can markedly promote the cell adhesion and proliferation of the osteoblast on CS. The biocompatible composite scaffolds with enhanced mechanical properties have potential application in bone tissue engineering. PMID:27516335

  2. Antifungal activity by vapor contact of essential oils added to amaranth, chitosan, or starch edible films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avila-Sosa, Raúl; Palou, Enrique; Jiménez Munguía, María Teresa; Nevárez-Moorillón, Guadalupe Virginia; Navarro Cruz, Addí Rhode; López-Malo, Aurelio

    2012-02-01

    Antimicrobial agents can be incorporated into edible films to provide microbiological stability, since films can be used as carriers of a variety of additives to extend product shelf life and reduce the risk of microbial growth on food surfaces. Addition of antimicrobial agents to edible films offers advantages such as the use of small antimicrobial concentrations and low diffusion rates. The aim of this study was to evaluate inhibition by vapor contact of Aspergillus niger and Penicillium digitatum by selected concentrations of Mexican oregano (Lippia berlandieri Schauer), cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) or lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oils (EOs) added to amaranth, chitosan, or starch edible films. Essential oils were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis. Amaranth, chitosan and starch edible films were formulated with essential oil concentrations of 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 2.00, or 4.00%. Antifungal activity was evaluated by determining the mold radial growth on agar media inoculated with A. niger and P. digitatum after exposure to vapors arising from essential oils added to amaranth, chitosan or starch films using the inverted lid technique. The modified Gompertz model adequately described mold growth curves (mean coefficient of determination 0.991 ± 0.05). Chitosan films exhibited better antifungal effectiveness (inhibition of A. niger with 0.25% of Mexican oregano and cinnamon EO; inhibition of P. digitatum with 0.50% EOs) than amaranth films (2.00 and 4.00% of cinnamon and Mexican oregano EO were needed to inhibit the studied molds, respectively). For chitosan and amaranth films a significant increase (poregano or cinnamon essential oil could improve the quality of foods by the action of the volatile compounds on surface growth of molds. PMID:22100789

  3. Effect of equilibrium moisture content on barrier, mechanical and thermal properties of chitosan films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre-Loredo, Rocío Yaneli; Rodríguez-Hernández, Adriana Inés; Morales-Sánchez, Eduardo; Gómez-Aldapa, Carlos Alberto; Velazquez, Gonzalo

    2016-04-01

    Water molecules modify the properties of biodegradable films obtained from hydrophilic materials. Most studies dealing with thermal, mechanical and barrier properties of hydrophilic films are carried out under one relative humidity (RH) condition. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of the moisture content on the thermal, mechanical and barrier properties of chitosan films under several RH conditions. Microclimates, obtained with saturated salt solutions were used for conditioning samples and the properties of the films were evaluated under each RH condition. Chitosan films absorbed up to 40% of moisture at the higher RH studied. The percentage of elongation and the water vapour permeability increased while tensile strength, Young's modulus and glass transition temperature decreased, when the moisture content increased. The results suggest that the water molecules plasticized the polymer matrix, changing the properties when the films were in contact with high RH environments. PMID:26593528

  4. Swelling Studies of Chitosan-Gelatin Films Cross-Linked by Sulfate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Ling; Yu Zu-yu; Yang Chao; Zhu Hua-yue; Du Yu-min

    2004-01-01

    Swelling properties of chitosan-gelatin films cross-linked by sulfate were investigated. Sulfate cross-linked chitosan-gelatin films (SCG) were prepared simply by dipping chitosan-gelatin films into sodium sulfate solution. The swelling behavior of SCG was investigated as a function of pH and ionic strength. Under acidic conditions pH less than 4, SCG swelled less than 120%, while under the conditions pH larger than 7.4, SCG swelled very significantly, the swelling ratio was over 350%. Sodium chloride weakened the electrostatic interaction between sulfate and amine ions of chitosan and gelatin, therefore facilitated the film swelling. The swelling ratio increased with increasing sodium chloride concentration, the SCG dissociated in the sodium chloride concentration of 0.20 mol·L-1. The parameters of film preparation such as sulfate concentration, dipping time, sulfate solution pH, influenced the film swelling behavior. The lower concentration and the higher pH of sulfate solution resulted in a larger swelling ratio.

  5. In Situ Transformation of Chitosan Films into Microtubular Structures on the Surface of Nanoengineered Titanium Implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulati, Karan; Johnson, Lucas; Karunagaran, Ramesh; Findlay, David; Losic, Dusan

    2016-04-11

    There is considerable interest in combining bioactive polymers such as chitosan with titanium bone implants to promote bone healing and address therapeutic needs. However, the fate of these biodegradable polymers especially on titanium implants is not fully explored. Here we report in situ formation of chitosan microtube (CMT) structures from chitosan films on the implant surface with titania nanotubes (TNTs) layer, based on phosphate buffer-induced transformation and precipitation process. We have comprehensively analyzed this phenomenon and the factors that influence CMT formation, including substrate topography, immersion solution and its pH, effect of coating thickness, and time of immersion. Significance of reported in situ formation of chitosan microtubes on the TNTs surface is possibly to tailor properties of implants with favorable micro and nano morphology using a self-ordering process after the implant's insertion. PMID:26999291

  6. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of chitosan buccal films of ondansetron hydrochloride

    OpenAIRE

    Koland, Marina; Charyulu, R Narayana; Vijayanarayana, K; Prabhu, Prabhakara

    2011-01-01

    Buccal films of ondanstron hydrochloride were fabricated from mucoadhesive polymer, chitosan, and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP K30) for the purpose of prolonging drug release and improving its bioavailability. All fabricated film formulations prepared were smooth and translucent, with good flexibility. The weight and thickness of all the formulations were found to be uniform. Drug content in the films ranged from 98 – 99%, indicating favorable drug loading and uniformity. The inclusion of PVP K...

  7. Physical and thermal properties of a chitosan/alginate nanolayered PET film

    OpenAIRE

    Cunha, M. G. C.; Cerqueira, M. A.; Souza, Warlene Silva de; Carvalho, Sandra Maria Gomes de; Mafalda A.C. Quintas; Teixeira, J.A.; Vicente, A.A.

    2010-01-01

    Nanolaminates have been reported to have applications in different areas, such as the preparation of multilayer films, coating biomedical appliances or multilayer edible coatings with enhanced properties for applications in the food industry. This work aims at characterizing the surface properties, water vapor permeability, and thermal and mechanical properties of a nanolayered film. The film was produced using two polysaccharides with opposite charges, chitosan and sodium alginat...

  8. Porphyrin dye into biopolymeric chitosan films for localized photodynamic therapy of cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, D P; Conceição, D S; Calhelha, R C; Sousa, T; Socoteanu, Radu; Ferreira, I C F R; Vieira Ferreira, L F

    2016-10-20

    Porphyrins and some of its derivatives are well known and widely used as photosensitizers (PSs) for Photodynamic Therapy of Cancer (PDT). The present study regards the characterization and evaluation of a synthesized asymmetric porphyrin dye in solution to be used as PS for PDT. This molecule was also incorporated into biopolymeric films composed by chitosan, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and gelatin in order to overtake some of the disadvantages inherent to the PS, but more important, to evaluate the potential of a system composed by the porphyrin/biopolymer to be applied as localized therapeutic agents. FTIR spectroscopy showed a strong interaction between the polymers involved in the preparation of the films under study: film 1: chitosan, film 2: chitosan/PEG and film 3: chitosan/gelatin. Photochemical studies were performed for the dye in solution and into the three different biopolymeric films. Ground state absorption showed the characteristic bands of these kinds of dyes in solution and also incorporated into the films. The films composed by porphyrin/chitosan and porphyrin into chitosan/gelatin, revealed the presence of non-emissive aggregates exhibiting a strong quenching effect in the fluorescence intensity, quantum yields and lifetimes. In this way, the system composed by the porphyrin incorporated into the chitosan/PEG film presents the best fluorescence quantum yield and lifetime. The transient absorption spectra were obtained for all the systems indicating the formation of an excited triplet state of the porphyrins following excitation, which takes special importance in the generation of phototoxic species namely singlet oxygen. Singlet oxygen quantum yields were also determined and the results obtained were very promising for the dye in solution but also for the dye into the different substrates. The release of the dye from the three different films onto a buffer solution was evaluated and we conclude that after a few days the dye was completely released

  9. Laser welding of chitosan-GNRs films for the closure of a capsulorhexis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Francesca; Matteini, Paolo; Ratto, Fulvio; Menabuoni, Luca; Lenzetti, Ivo; Pini, Roberto

    2011-03-01

    In this work we present the first attempt to close the anterior lens capsule bag by the use of chitosan patches, where Gold Nanorods (GNRs) are embedded. GNRs exhibit intense localized plasmon resonances at optical frequencies in the near infrared (NIR): upon excitation with a NIR laser, a strong photothermal effect is produced, which can be exploited to develop minimally invasive therapies. Here we use the chitosan-GNRs films as a novel NIR sensitive nanocomposite for the photothermal conversion of NIR laser light during surgical interventions of tissue welding. Chitosan is an attractive biomaterial due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, antimicrobial and wound healing-promoting activity. Colloidal GNRs were embedded in chitosan based, highly stabilized, flexible and easy-to-handle films, which were stored in water until the time of surgery. In these preliminary tests, a capsulorhexis was performed in freshly enucleated porcine eyes. The lens was aspired, then the patch was put onto the capsule bag and welded: a diode laser (810 nm) was used to deliver single spots (200 μm core diameter optical fiber) of local capsule/patch adhesion. Then the bag was refilled with silicon oil. The result is an immediate closure of the capsular tissue, with high mechanical strength. The laser welded chitosan- GNRs films are an innovative and highly stable solution to be exploited for the treatment of capsular breaks and for the implementation of a lens refilling procedure.

  10. L(9) orthogonal design assisted formulation and evaluation of chitosan-based buccoadhesive films of miconazole nitrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, S; Singh, S; Rawat, M; Tilak, R; Mishra, B

    2009-07-01

    The present study was aimed to prepare and evaluate buccoadhesive films of miconazole nitrate (MCZ). The films based on chitosan were prepared by solvent casting method using L(9) orthogonal array design to release the drug above its minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for a prolonged period of time so as to reduce its frequency of administration. As per the experimental design, guar gum, HPMC K15M and HEC were added at three different levels to control the drug release. Films showed smooth, uniform and non-sticky surface with good flexibility and folding endurance. Thickness and weight-variation data showed no significant difference among the batches, indicating that the polymeric blend possessed a good film forming ability and its desired properties could easily be achieved by varying the composition of the casting solution. Films composed of chitosan with guar gum appeared to be tougher; comparatively more bioadhesive in vitro, resided to an appropriate time interval and swelled at a more reasonable rate than those containing HPMC and HEC, suggesting the superiority of guar gum over other polymers. In vitro drug release studies conducted on all batches and microbiological studies done on the statistically optimized formulation demonstrated that the films had ability to sustain the drug concentration above its MIC for 6 hrs, despite the incorporation of a smaller dose (2.5 mg/cm(2) of the film). Films, except CF2 and CF3, followed Fickian diffusion of release mechanism. FT-IR spectra revealed no interactions between the drug and polymers. PMID:19604145

  11. Preparation and Characterization of Films Extruded of Polyethylene/Chitosan Modified with Poly(lactic acid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Manuel Quiroz-Castillo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of mixtures of synthetic and natural polymers is a potential option to reduce the pollution by plastic waste. In this work, the method for the chemical modification of chitosan with poly(lactic acid was developed; then, the preparation of films of blends of polyethylene and chitosan-poly(lactic acid produced by an extrusion method using polyethylene-graft maleic anhydride as a compatibilizer. It was possible to obtain films with a maximum content of 20 wt% and 30 wt%, chitosan, with and without compatibilizer, respectively. Scanning electron microscope (SEM analysis showed a homogeneous surface on all films. The addition of the compatibilizer had a significant effect on the mechanical properties of the films, such as an increase in Young’s modulus and a decrease in the elongation at break; additionally, the compatibilizer promotes thermal degradation in a single step and gives the film a slight increase in thermal resistance. These results are attributed to an improved interaction in the interface of polyethylene and chitosan-poly(lactic acid, promoted by the compatibilizer.

  12. Characterization of edible starch-chitosan film and its application in the storage of Mongolian cheese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mei, Jun; Yuan, Yilin; Wu, Yan; Li, Yunfei

    2013-06-01

    The physicochemical, mechanical, optical and structural properties based on different amylose content starch-chitosan films with the addition of hydrophilic glycerol and hydrophobic perilla oil were investigated, and the effects of the starch-chitosan coating on the physicochemical and microbial properties of Mongolian cheese were evaluated. The films were formed by casting method. Results showed that the incorporation of perilla oil resulted in a decrease in moisture content, solubility and mechanical properties and an increase in total color difference (ΔE*). High water vapor permeability (WVP), good transparency and low solubility were observed with the addition of glycerol. Meanwhile, the film based on mung bean starch-chitosan (MSC) exhibited higher moisture content, WVP values, ΔE* and less transparency than that based on water chestnut starch-chitosan (WSC). The morphology of films was also different based on MSC/WSC. The shelf life extension of Mongolian cheese was evaluated at 8 °C. The results showed that the cheese coated by WSC film containing perilla oil presented better treatment performance in terms of microbial growth delay, weight loss and shelf life length. PMID:23500443

  13. In vitro corrosion behavior and cytotoxicity property of magnesium matrix composite with chitosan coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴翌龙; 余琨; 陈良建; 陈畅; 乔雪岩; 颜阳

    2015-01-01

    Mg-6%Zn-10%β-Ca3(PO4)2 composite was prepared through powder metallurgy methods with different chitosan coatings on its surface. The properties of the chitosan coatings on the surface of Mg-6%Zn-10%β-Ca3(PO4)2 composite, such as the adhesion ability, the corrosion behavior and the cytotoxicity properties, were investigated, and the microstructure of the chitosan coating was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that chitosan coating improves the corrosion resistance of the magnesium composite specimens significantly. Mg-6%Zn-10%β-Ca3(PO4)2 composite specimens exhibit good corrosion resistance and low pH values in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37 °C in the immersion test with 7-layer chitosan coating whose relative molecular mass is 30×104 Da. The cytotoxicity tests indicate that Mg-6%Zn-10%β-Ca3(PO4)2 with chitosan coating is nontoxic with a cytotoxicity grade of zero against L-929 cells, which is better than that of uncoated composites.

  14. DNA hybridization biosensor using chitosan-carbon nanotubes composite film as an immobilization platform and [Cu(bpy)(MBZ){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)] (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, MBZ = p-methylbenzoate) as a novel redox indicator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Qingxiang, E-mail: axiang236@126.co [Department of Chemistry and Environment Science, Zhangzhou Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China) and Fujian Province University Key Laboratory of Analytical Science, Zhangzhou Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Shi Juanlan; Ni Jiancong; Gao Fei; Gao Feng [Department of Chemistry and Environment Science, Zhangzhou Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Weng Wen [Department of Chemistry and Environment Science, Zhangzhou Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Fujian Province University Key Laboratory of Analytical Science, Zhangzhou Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Jiao Kui, E-mail: kjiao@qust.edu.c [College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University and Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China)

    2011-04-15

    Research highlights: Chitosan-carbon nanotubes composite was used as a platform for DNA immobilization. Discrimination of a synthetic copper complex to ds- and ss-DNA was obtained. Hybridization detection was performed using the copper complex as an indicator. Good specificity and high sensitivity were achieved on the constructed DNA biosensor. - Abstract: In this paper, a new DNA hybridization detection strategy was developed based on the immobilization of capture probe DNA on a chitosan (CS)-carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composite modified glassy carbon electrode (CS-CNTs/GCE) and the use of a copper complex, [Cu(bpy)(MBZ){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)] (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, MBZ = p-methylbenzoate), as a new redox hybridization indicator. The electrochemical characterization experiments showed that the nanocomposite film of CS-CNTs could effectively immobilize the capture probe DNA and greatly improve the electron-transfer reactions of the electroactive molecules. Electrochemical and fluorescent spectroscopic analysis revealed that the polypyridyl copper complex of [Cu(bpy)(MBZ){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)] bound to DNA via a typical intercalation mode. Surface studies further showed that the copper complex can discriminate between double-stranded and single-stranded DNA that immobilized on the surface of CS-CNTs/GCE. When being utilized as a redox indicator for the detection of hybridization for short DNA species related to phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (PAT), the indicator showed good specificity for recognizing the complementary, three-base mismatched and non-complementary DNA. Under the optimized conditions, the oxidation peak currents of the copper complex enhanced linearly with increases in the concentration of the complementary sequence in the range from 5.0 x 10{sup -10} to 1.0 x 10{sup -8} M. A detection limit of 5.0 x 10{sup -10} M was also obtained based on the constructed DNA biosensor.

  15. Characterization of chitosan-magnesium aluminum silicate nanocomposite films for buccal delivery of nicotine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pongjanyakul, Thaned; Khunawattanakul, Wanwisa; Strachan, Clare J;

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to prepare and characterize chitosan-magnesium aluminum silicate (CS-MAS) nanocomposite films as a buccal delivery system for nicotine (NCT). The effects of the CS-MAS ratio on the physicochemical properties, release and permeation, as well as on the mucoadhesive...

  16. The effect of gamma irradiation on chitosan film dyed with malachite green

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this research, chitosan is used as the base for a dye and the effects of γ-irradiation on the dye was researched. The dyed chitosan film of the thickness 70 μm was developed by dissolving chitosan powder in an acetic acid solution. Malachite Green dye was used as the dye and was prepared by using water as solvent. Dyed chitosan gel was the dried and small pieces of 1 x 1 cm2 was cut out and the dyed film was analyzed using the UV-VIS spectrometer and achieved a maximum absorption at the wavelength of λ=615 nm. Using Gammacell, the film was irradiated by gamma ray with various doses ranging from 5-25 KGy. The effect of the irradiation on the dyed film was study for various factors. The effect of the dose, thickness and shelf life was studied and shows significant effect to the optical density. As the dose reaches 25 KGy, the destruction of the dye approaches 20%. (Author)

  17. Rapid adhesion and proliferation of keratinocytes on the gold colloid/chitosan film scaffold

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The gold colloid/chitosan film scaffold, which could enhance the attached ratio and accelerate proliferation of newborn mice keratinocytes, was fabricated by nanotechnology and self-assembly technology. This nanometer scaffold was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The keratinocytes were cultured and observed on three different extracellular matrices (ECM): gold colloid/chitosan film scaffold, chitosan film and cell culture plastic (control groups). 6 h, 12 h, 24 h after inoculation, the cell attached ratios were calculated respectively. In comparison to control groups, this scaffold could significantly (P < 0.01) increase the attached ratio of keratinocytes and promote their growth. Meanwhile, there were not any fusiform fibroblasts growing on this scaffold. The rapidly proliferating keratinocytes were indentified and characterized by immunohistochemistry and transmissive electron microscope (TEM), which showed the cells maintain their biological activity well. The results indicated that gold colloid/chitosan film scaffold was nontoxic to keratinocytes, and was a good candidate for wound dressing in skin tissue engineering.

  18. Preparation and mechanical properties of chitosan/carbon nanotubes composites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shao-Feng; Shen, Lu; Zhang, Wei-De; Tong, Yue-Jin

    2005-01-01

    Biopolymer chitosan/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) nanocomposites have been successfully prepared by a simple solution-evaporation method. The morphology and mechanical properties of the chitosan/MWNTs nanocomposites have been characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), bright field transmission electron microscopy (TEM), optical microscopy (OM), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), and tensile as well as nanoindentation tests. The MWNTs were observed to be homogeneously dispersed throughout the chitosan matrix. When compared with neat chitosan, the mechanical properties, including the tensile modulus and strength, of the nanocomposites are greatly improved by about 93% and 99%, respectively, with incorporation of only 0.8 wt % of MWNTs into the chitosan matrix. PMID:16283728

  19. Enhancing proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of HMSCs on casein/chitosan multilayer films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; Zheng, Zebin; Cao, Zhinan; Zhuang, Liangting; Xu, Yong; Liu, Xiaozhen; Xu, Yue; Gong, Yihong

    2016-05-01

    Creating a bioactive surface is important in tissue engineering. Inspired by the natural calcium binding property of casein (CA), multilayer films ((CA/CS)n) with chitosan (CS) as polycation were fabricated to enhance biomineralization, cell adhesion and differentiation. LBL self-assembly technique was used and the assembly process was intensively studied based on changes of UV absorbance, zeta potential and water contact angle. The increasing content of chitosan and casein with bilayers was further confirmed with XPS and TOF-SIMS analysis. To improve the biocompatibility, gelatin was surface grafted. In vitro mineralization test demonstrated that multilayer films had more hydroxyapatite crystal deposition. Human mesenchymal stem cells (HMSCs) were seeded onto these films. According to fluorescein diacetate (FDA) and cell cytoskeleton staining, MTT assay, expression of osteogenic marker genes, ALP activity, and calcium deposition quantification, it was found that these multilayer films significantly promoted HMSCs attachment, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation than TCPS control. PMID:26895501

  20. Protein adsorption behaviors on chitosan/poly(ε-caprolactone)blend films studied by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Rong; ZHANG Yi; LIANG ZhiHong; TU Mei; ZHOU ChangRen

    2009-01-01

    Chitosan/poly(ε-caprolactone)(PCL)blend films in different mass ratios were prepared using the chitosan/PCL mixture solutions in 80 vol.-% acetic acid by spin coating.Their surface micromorphologies were assessed by atomic force microscopy(AFM).It was found that the micromorphology of chitosan/PCL blend films was in large extent related to the mass ratio of chitosan.25 wt% chitosan/PCL blend film presented microphase separation.The protein adsorption of bovine serum albumin(BSA)onto chitosan/PCL blend films was investigated by using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring(QCM-D)in real time.The results suggested that the amount of adsorbed BSA on the chitosan/PCL blend films decreased with the addition of chitosan,but the structure and viscoelastic properties of the adsorbed BSA layers were greatly affected by the surface micromorphology of chitosan/PCL blend films.BSA absorbed on the 25 wt% chitosan/PCL blend film with microphase separation showed larger adsorption reversibility,and preferred to form a loose,dissipative layer in comparison with those on other chitosan/PCL blend films without microphase separation.

  1. Protein adsorption behaviors on chitosan/poly(ε-caprolactone) blend films studied by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring(QCM-D)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Chitosan/poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) blend films in different mass ratios were prepared using the chitosan/PCL mixture solutions in 80 vol.-% acetic acid by spin coating. Their surface micromorphologies were assessed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was found that the micromorphology of chitosan/PCL blend films was in large extent related to the mass ratio of chitosan. 25 wt% chitosan/PCL blend film presented microphase separation. The protein adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) onto chitosan/PCL blend films was investigated by using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) in real time. The results suggested that the amount of adsorbed BSA on the chitosan/PCL blend films decreased with the addition of chitosan, but the structure and viscoelastic properties of the adsorbed BSA layers were greatly affected by the surface micromorphology of chitosan/PCL blend films. BSA absorbed on the 25 wt% chitosan/PCL blend film with microphase separa- tion showed larger adsorption reversibility, and preferred to form a loose, dissipative layer in comparison with those on other chitosan/PCL blend films without microphase separation.

  2. Development and in vitro evaluation of chitosan-Eudragit RS 30D composite wound dressings

    OpenAIRE

    Wittaya-Areekul, Sakchai; Prahsarn, Chureerat; Sungthongjeen, Srisagul

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to design and evaluate chitosan-based films intended for wound dressing application. Required properties for successful wound dressing, such as liquid uptake, vapor and oxygen penetration, bioadhesiveness, and film elasticity, were examined. Water uptake and vapor penetration of the films were determined gravimetrically, while oxygen penetration was determined by Winkler’s method. The bioadhesive properties were determined with an in-house pulley system instru...

  3. Preparation of a novel chitosan-microcapsules/starch blend film and the study of its drug-release mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huo, Weiqiang; Xie, Gancheng; Zhang, Weixin; Wang, Wei; Shan, Junyang; Liu, Hechou; Zhou, Xiaohua

    2016-06-01

    A novel drug delivery system, chitosan-microcapsules/starch blend film for antofloxacin controlled release, was prepared, and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (X-RD), thermogravimetry and derivative thermogravimetry (TG/DTG), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Following incorporation of the chitosan-microcapsules in the film matrix, the synergistic interactions between these drug-carriers were significant. The thermostability and mechanical properties of the blend film were greatly improved by the incorporation of the microcapsules. The water resistance of the blend film was enhanced by increasing the content of microcapsules, indicating that the microcapsules acted as moisture barriers. After being incorporated, chitosan-microcapsules/starch blend film shows a sustained drug release. The extent of the film degradation and microcapsules swelling in the release system indicated that the drug released of the blend film was pH-sensitive. The blend film exhibited pharmacodynamic efficacy because of the efficient drug releasing. PMID:26902892

  4. Effect of glycerol on mechanical and physical properties of silver-chitosan nanocomposite films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susilowati, E.; Kartini, I.; Santosa, S. J.; Triyono

    2016-02-01

    The effect of using glycerol as plasticizer on mechanical and physical properties of silver-chitosan nanocomposite films have been studied. The nanocomposite films were prepared via three steps consisting of silver-chitosan colloidal nanocomposites preparation, adding of glycerol to colloids and silver-chitosan nanocomposites films formation. During the first step, silver ions were reduced by glucose and accelerated by sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Chitosan of 1% (v/v) act as stabilizing agent. Glycerol with volume variation of 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 8 and 1.0 mL was added colloidal nanocomposites of 60 mL on the second step. On the third step, colloidal nanocomposites were cast on the polypropylene plate and dried at room temperature. The as-prepared films were then neutralized by NaOH and rinsed with distilled water until the filtrate reached the pH of 7. The colloidal nanocomposites were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The film were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The mechanical properties, swelling capacity, water vapor permeability (WVP) of the films were also studied. The results indicated that the addition of different amounts of glycerol on colloidal nanocomposites effects on mechanical and physical properties of the resulted nanocomposite films. The elongation and tensile strength were gradually increased as the glycerol amount. Meanwhile, the swelling capacity, WVP, and crystallinity of the film also showed enhancement at increasing glycerol amount. However, the thermal stability decreased.

  5. In vitro evaluation of cell-seeded chitosan films for peripheral nerve tissue engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Wrobel, Sandra; Serra, Sofia Cristina; Samy, S. M.; Sousa, Nuno; Heimann, Claudia; Barwig, Christina; Grothe, Claudia; Salgado, A. J.; Talini, Kirsten Haastert

    2014-01-01

    Natural biomaterials have attracted an increasing interest in the field of tissue-engineered nerve grafts, representing a possible alternative to autologous nerve transplantation. With the prospect of developing a novel entubulation strategy for transected nerves with cell-seeded chitosan films, we examined the biocompatibility of such films in vitro. Different types of rat Schwann cells (SCs)—immortalized, neonatal, and adult—as well as rat bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSC...

  6. Development and characterization of biodegradable chitosan films for local delivery of paclitaxel

    OpenAIRE

    Dhanikula, Anand Babu; Panchagnula, Ramesh

    2004-01-01

    Intratumoral and local drug delivery strategies have gained momentum recently as a promising modality in cancer therapy. In order to deliver paclitaxel at the tumor site in therapeutically relevant concentrations, chitosan films were fabricated. Paclitaxel could be loaded at 31% wt/wt in films, which were translucent and flexible. Physicochemical characterization of paclitaxel via thermal, spectroscopic, x-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy techniques revealed information on solid-state...

  7. Physical characteristics of chitosan-silica composite of rice husk ash

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumarni, Woro; Sri Iswari, Retno; Marwoto, Putut; Rahayu, Endah F.

    2016-02-01

    Some previous studies showed that the characteristics of chitosan membranes have a very rigid and non-porous structure so that its utilization is not maximized, particularly in the filtration process. Hence, it needs modification to improve the quality of the chitosan membranes. Adding the silica into the chitosan membranes is one of the offered solutions to overcome the problems of physical and mechanical properties of chitosan. This study aims to investigate the effect of variations in the silica composition to the physical characteristics of the chitosan-silica membranes of rice husk ash that were synthesized. The chitosan used is derived from the chitin of Vannamei shrimps’ shell with 82% degree of de-acetylation, while the silica was synthesized from rice husk ash with rendering of silica (SiO2) by 5% and the results of XRD analysis showed an amorphous phase. Membrane synthesis was performed using the phase inversion method with chitosan-silica mass ratios of rice husk ash, which were 1:0.0; 1:0.5; 1:1.0; 1:1.5 and 1:2.0. The results showed that the addition of silica increases the swelling index and the membrane permeability. The results of the analysis, FTIR spectra, obtained a new functional group after the addition of silica, they are Si-OH, Si-O-Si, and CO- NH2. The morphology test using CCD Microscope MS-804 results in the very tight chitosan membranes without the silica surface, it has no pores, smooth and homogeneous, while the chitosan-silica composite membrane of rice husk ash obviously has cracks and small cavities that seemed to spread out.

  8. Electrophoretic Deposition of Chitosan/h-BN and Chitosan/h-BN/TiO2 Composite Coatings on Stainless Steel (316L Substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Namir S. Raddaha

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the results of an experimental investigation designed to deposit chitosan/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN and chitosan/h-BN/titania (TiO2 composites on SS316L substrates using electrophoretic deposition (EPD for potential antibacterial applications. The influence of EPD parameters (voltage and deposition time and relative concentrations of chitosan, h-BN and TiO2 in suspension on deposition yield was studied. The composition and structure of deposited coatings were investigated by FTIR, XRD and SEM. It was observed that h-BN and TiO2 particles were dispersed in the chitosan matrix through simultaneous deposition. The adhesion between the electrophoretic coatings and the stainless steel substrates was tested by using tape test technique, and the results showed that the adhesion strength corresponded to 3B and 4B classes. Corrosion resistance was evaluated by electrochemical polarization curves, indicating enhanced corrosion resistance of the chitosan/h-BN/TiO2 and chitosan/h-BN coatings compared to the bare stainless steel substrate. In order to investigate the in-vitro inorganic bioactivity, coatings were immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF for 28 days. FTIR and XRD results showed no formation of hydroxyapatite on the surface of chitosan/h-BN/TiO2 and chitosan/h-BN coatings, which are therefore non bioactive but potentially useful as antibacterial coatings.

  9. Morphology and physicochemical performance of water-soluble carboxymethyl chitosan/polyurethane blend film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of water-soluble carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS)/polyurethane (PU) blend films with various CMCS/PU mole ratios were prepared by casting the polymer blend solution in the mixed solvents of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and water. Surface morphologies of CMCS/PU blend films were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Thermal, mechanical, and chemical properties of CMCS/PU blend films were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), tensile tests, and contact angle tests. It was revealed that the introduction of PU could greatly affect the surface morphology and the performance of CMCS film. (author)

  10. In vitro and in vivo Characterization of Homogeneous Chitosan-based Composite Scaffolds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Hong; ZHOU Changren; ZHU Minying; TIAN Jinhuan; RONG Jianhua

    2012-01-01

    With a homogeneous distribution of hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystals in polymer matrix,composite scaffolds chitosan/HAP and chitosan/collagen/HAP were fabricated in the study.XRD,SEM and EDX were used to characterize their components and structure,in vitro cell culture and in vivo animal tests were used to evaluate their biocompatibility.HAP crystals with rod-like shape embeded in chitosan scaffold,while HAP fine-granules bond with collagen/chitosan scaffold compactly.A homogenous distribution of Ca and P elements both in chitosan/HAP scaffold and chitosan/collagen/HAP scaffold was defined by EDX pattern.The presence of collagen brought a more homogenous distribution of HAP due to its higher ability to induce HAP precipitation.The results of in vitro cell culture showed that the composite's biocompatibility was enhanced by the homogenous distribution of HAP.In vivo animal studies showed that the in vivo biodegradation was effectively improved by the addition of HAP and collagen,and was less influenced by the homogeneous distribution of HAP when compared with a concentrated distribution one.The composite scaffolds with a homogeneous HAP distribution would be excellent alternative scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.

  11. Microfluidic assisted synthesis of silver nanoparticle-chitosan composite microparticles for antibacterial applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chih-Hui; Wang, Lung-Shuo; Chen, Szu-Yu; Huang, Mao-Chen; Li, Ya-Hua; Lin, Yun-Chul; Chen, Pei-Fan; Shaw, Jei-Fu; Huang, Keng-Shiang

    2016-08-30

    Silver nanoparticle (Ag NP)-loaded chitosan composites have numerous biomedical applications; however, fabricating uniform composite microparticles remains challenging. This paper presents a novel microfluidic approach for single-step and in situ synthesis of Ag NP-loaded chitosan microparticles. This proposed approach enables obtaining uniform and monodisperse Ag NP-loaded chitosan microparticles measuring several hundred micrometers. In addition, the diameter of the composites can be tuned by adjusting the flow on the microfluidic chip. The composite particles containing Ag NPs were characterized using UV-vis spectra and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry data. The characteristic peaks of Ag NPs in the UV-vis spectra and the element mapping or pattern revealed the formation of nanosized silver particles. The results of antibacterial tests indicated that both chitosan and composite particles showed antibacterial ability, and Ag NPs could enhance the inhibition rate and exhibited dose-dependent antibacterial ability. Because of the properties of Ag NPs and chitosan, the synthesized composite microparticles can be used in several future potential applications, such as bactericidal agents for water disinfection, antipathogens, and surface plasma resonance enhancers. PMID:26780124

  12. Glucose Biosensor Based on Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase in Platinum Nanoparticles/Graphene/Chitosan Nanocomposite Film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Hong; Wang, Jun; Kang, Xinhuang; Wang, Chong M.; Wang, Donghai; Liu, Jun; Aksay, Ilhan A.; Lin, Yuehe

    2009-09-01

    The bionanocomposite film consisting of glucose oxidase/Pt/functional graphene sheets/chitosan (GOD/Pt/FGS/chitosan) for glucose sensing was described. With the electrocatalytic synergy of FGS and Pt nanoparticles to hydrogen peroxide, a sensitive biosensor with detection limit of 0.6 µM glucose was achieved. The biosensor also had good reproducibility, long term stability and negligible interfering signals from ascorbic acid and uric acid comparing to the response to glucose. The large surface area and good conductivity of graphene suggests that graphene is a potential candidate for sensor material. The hybrid nanocomposite glucose sensor provides new opportunity for clinical diagnosis and point-of-care applications.

  13. Preparation and tribological properties of chitosan/hydroxyapatite composite coatings applied on ultra high molecular weight polyethylene substrate

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro, Carolina H.; Moreno, Karla J.; Arizmendi-Morquecho, Ana; Chávez-Valdez, Alejandra; Garcia-Miranda, Santos

    2013-01-01

    We prepared a chitosan/hydroxyapatite composite as coating on ultra–high-molecular-weight polyethylene substrates. The hydroxyapatite was prepared by a precipitation method obtaining particles with nanometer sizes with needle and spherical morphologies. The coating was prepared by a mixture of hydroxyapatite and lower molecular weight chitosan. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy technique was used to study the hydroxyapatite synthesis and composite coating. The chitosan/hydroxyapatite ...

  14. Thermoanalytical characterization of chitosan/chitin nanofibrils films

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kovářová, Jana; Tishchenko, Galina; Morganti, P.

    Pisa : University of Pisa, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, 2013, s. 92-93. [Workshop Green Chemistry and Nanotechnologies in Polymer Chemistry /4./. Pisa (IT), 04.09.2013-06.09.2013] EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 315233 - N-CHITOPACK Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : thermogravimetric analysis * chitosan * chitin nanofibrils Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry

  15. Nanocomposite films based on chitosan and chitin nanofibrils

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tishchenko, Galina; Kelnar, Ivan; Morganti, P.; Carezzi, F.; Pavlova, Ewa; Hašek, Jindřich; Kaprálková, Ludmila; Brožová, Libuše; Kovářová, Jana; Mikešová, Jana; Pekárek, Michal; Kobera, Libor; Bastl, Zdeněk

    Moscow : Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2014. s. 521. [International Conference on Nanostructured Materials /12./ - NANO 2014. 13.07.2014-18.07.2014, Moscow] EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 315233 - N-CHITOPACK Institutional support: RVO:61389013 ; RVO:61388955 ; RVO:86652036 Keywords : chitin nanofibrils * chitosan * nanocomposite Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry

  16. Preparation of a lead sensor based on porous multiwalled carbon nanotubes/thiolated chitosan composite materials

    OpenAIRE

    Wan, Jun; XING, Ling; Wang, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Thiolated chitosan (CS--TGA) was prepared using chitosan (CS) and thioglycolic acid (TGA). Then MWCNTs were added to the mixture of CS--TGA and CS to prepare the CS/CS--TGA/MWCNs porous composite by freeze-drying method and this composite was used to modify an indium tin oxide glass electrode. The electrode was used as a sensor for Pb2+. The morphology and structure of the composite were characterized by infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope, and their electrochemical b...

  17. ZnO nanoparticles induced effects on nanomechanical behavior and cell viability of chitosan films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jayasuriya, Ambalangodage C., E-mail: a.jayasuriya@utoledo.edu [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43614 (United States); Aryaei, Ashkan; Jayatissa, Ahalapitiya H. [Departments of Mechanical Engineering, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The aim of this paper is to develop novel chitosan–zinc oxide nanocomposite films for biomedical applications. The films were fabricated with 1, 5, 10 and 15% w/w of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) incorporated with chitosan (CS) using a simple method. The prepared nanocomposite films were characterized using atomic force microscopy, Raman and X-ray diffraction studies. In addition, nano and micro mechanical properties were measured. It was found that the microhardness, nanohardness and its corresponding elastic modulus increased with the increase of ZnO NP percentage in the CS films. However, the ductility of films decreased as the percentage of ZnO NPs increased. Cell attachment and cytotoxicity of the prepared films at days two and five were evaluated in vitro using osteoblasts (OBs). It was observed that OB viability decreased in films with higher than 5% ZnO NPs. This result suggests that although ZnO NPs can improve the mechanical properties of pure CS films, only a low percentage of ZnO NPs can be applied for biomedical and bioengineering applications because of the cytotoxicity effects of these particles. Highlights: • Chitosan–zinc oxide nanocomposite films were fabricated using a simple method. • Material characterization methods showed that adding zinc oxide up to 15% does not change the crystal structure of chitosan. • Zinc oxide nanoparticles improve nano and micro mechanical properties of chitosan films. • Adding more than 5% w/w zinc oxide nanoparticles demonstrates cytotoxicity on osteoblast cells.

  18. Plasticizer effect on the properties of biodegradable blend film from rice starch-chitosan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thawien Bourtoom

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The properties of biodegradable blend film from rice starch-chitosan with different plasticizers were determined. Three plasticizers comprising sorbitol (SOR, glycerol (GLY and polyethylene glycol (PEG were studied over a range of concentration from 20 to 60%. Increasing concentration of these plasticizers resulted in decreased tensile strength (TS concomitant with an increase in elongation at break (E, water vapor permeability (WVP and film solubility (FS. SOR plasticized films were the most brittle, with the highest tensile strength (TS, 26.06 MPa. However, its effect on WVP was low (5.45 g.mm/m2.day.kPa. In contrast, GLY and PEG plasticized films had a flexible structure contradictory to a low TS (14.31MPa and 16.14MPa, respectively providing a high WVP (14.52 g.mm/m2.day.kPa and 14.69 g.mm/m2.day.kPa, respectively. SOR plasticized films, demonstrated little higher FS compared to PEG and GLY plasticized films but not significant different (p<0.05. The color of biodegradable blend film from rice starch-chitosan was more affected by the concentration of the plasticizer used than by its type. Nine moisture sorption models were applied to experimental data. Moisture content of the film increased at elevated water activity. The time to reach equilibrium moisture content (EMC was about 20-24 days at lower humidity and 13-16 days at higher humidities. The EMC of glycerol and sorbitol rice starchchitosan biodegradable blend films showed a logarithmic increase at above 0.59 aw and reached the highest moisture content of 51.46% and 42.97 % at 0.95 aw, whereas PEG rice starch-chitosan biodegradable blend films did not show much increase in moisture content.

  19. Physico-chemical characterization of chitosan-based edible films incorporating bioactive compounds of different molecular weight

    OpenAIRE

    Bourbon, A. I.; A.C. Pinheiro; Cerqueira, M. A.; Rocha, Cristina M. R.; Avides, Maria do Carmo; Quintas, Mafalda A. C.; Vicente, A.A.

    2011-01-01

    Chitosan packaging films containing different bioactive compounds (a peptide fraction from whey protein concentrate (WPC) hydrolysate, glycomacropeptide (GMP) and lactoferrin) were produced and their mechanical and barrier properties were evaluated. The molecular weight of protein-based compounds was determined using SDS–PAGE. The addition of GMP and lactoferrin to chitosan film caused a significant reduction of tensile strength and the elongation-at-break significantly increased ...

  20. Facile approach to prepare drug-loading film from hemicelluloses and chitosan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guan, Ying; Qi, Xian-Ming; Chen, Ge-Gu; Peng, Feng; Sun, Run-Cang

    2016-11-20

    This study introduces a facile and green route to fabricate film from bio-based polymers. The film has been prepared by the cross-linking reaction of quaternized hemicelluloses (QH) and chitosan (CHO) with epichlorohydrin (ECH) as crosslinker. It exhibits an excellently mechanical performance as a result of its high tensile strength (up to 37MPa). Importantly, the roughness of film was 2-5nm in the area of 400nm, and smooth surface with pores were presented on the film based on the results of scanning electron microscope (SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM). Ciprofloxacin was utilized as a mode compound to investigate the loading behavior of the film, and the highest loading concentration was about 18%. The drug release was about 20% in film1 in comparison to only 15% in film3 within 48h. Furthermore, the results of a 293T cell viability assay indicated its good biocompatibility and non-toxicity. PMID:27561527

  1. Development and evaluation of chitosan and chitosan/Kollicoat® Smartseal 30 D film-coated tablets for colon targeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsler, Michael; Garbacz, Grzegorz; Thomann, Ralf; Schubert, Rolf

    2014-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to develop film-coated tablets which release a minor amount of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) into the stomach and small intestine, yet show a sharp increase of drug release in the colon. Tablets containing the model drug Diclofenac-Na, microcrystalline cellulose as a filler (MT), as well as tablets consisting of Ludiflash® (LT), both were used as tablet cores, respectively. Either chitosan (CHI) alone or different ratios of chitosan and Kollicoat® Smartseal 30 D (KCSS) were applied onto these cores. The resulting film-coated tablets were analyzed for swelling, drug dissolution and stability. In order to clarify whether the colon release is mainly enzyme-driven or pressure-controlled, the coated tablets were both tested in the colon microflora test (CMT), which simulates the enzyme environment within the colon, and using a bio-relevant dissolution apparatus mimicking the intraluminal pressures and stress conditions present in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). CHI/KCSS (25:75) coated LTs showed a pressure-controlled site-specific drug release in the large intestine, while remaining intact in the upper GIT. CHI as well as CHI/KCSS (25:75) applied onto MTs, remained stable during the entire simulated bio-relevant dissolution transit of the GIT, but showed enzymatically controlled colon targeting in the CMT. These results could be confirmed for CHI/KCSS (25:75) film-coated MTs top-coated with an additional hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) layer and an Eudragit L 30 D-55 (EUL) layer to avoid the dissolution in the fasting stomach. PMID:25301294

  2. Preparation of reduced graphene oxide/gelatin composite films with reinforced mechanical strength

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► We used and compared different proportion of gelatin and chitosan as reducing agents. ► The mechanical properties of the films are investigated, especially the wet films. ► The cell toxicity of the composite films as biomaterial is carried out. ► The water absorption capabilities of the composite films also studied. -- Abstract: Graphene oxide (GO) was reduced by chitosan/gelatin solution and added to gelatin (Gel) to fabricate reduced graphene oxide/gelatin (RGO/Gel) films by a solvent-casting method using genipin as cross-linking agent. The structure and properties of the films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and UV–vis spectroscopy. The addition of RGO increased the tensile strength of the RGO/Gel films in both dry and wet states, but decreased their elongation at break. The incorperation of RGO also decreased the swelling ability of the films in water. Cell cultures were carried out in order to test the cytotoxicity of the films. The cells grew and reproduced well on the RGO/Gel films, indicating that the addition of RGO has no negative effect on the compatibility of the gelatin. Therefore, the reduced graphene oxide/gelatin composite is a promising biomaterial with excellent mechanical properties and good cell compatibility.

  3. Preparation of reduced graphene oxide/gelatin composite films with reinforced mechanical strength

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Wenchao [School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Wang, Zhipeng [School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); School of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Liu, Yu; Li, Nan [School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Wang, Wei [School of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China); Gao, Jianping, E-mail: jianpingg@eyou.com [School of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin (China)

    2012-09-15

    Highlights: ► We used and compared different proportion of gelatin and chitosan as reducing agents. ► The mechanical properties of the films are investigated, especially the wet films. ► The cell toxicity of the composite films as biomaterial is carried out. ► The water absorption capabilities of the composite films also studied. -- Abstract: Graphene oxide (GO) was reduced by chitosan/gelatin solution and added to gelatin (Gel) to fabricate reduced graphene oxide/gelatin (RGO/Gel) films by a solvent-casting method using genipin as cross-linking agent. The structure and properties of the films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and UV–vis spectroscopy. The addition of RGO increased the tensile strength of the RGO/Gel films in both dry and wet states, but decreased their elongation at break. The incorperation of RGO also decreased the swelling ability of the films in water. Cell cultures were carried out in order to test the cytotoxicity of the films. The cells grew and reproduced well on the RGO/Gel films, indicating that the addition of RGO has no negative effect on the compatibility of the gelatin. Therefore, the reduced graphene oxide/gelatin composite is a promising biomaterial with excellent mechanical properties and good cell compatibility.

  4. Effect of chitin nanofibrils/plasticizer combination on mechanical behaviour of chitosan-matrix films

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kelnar, Ivan; Tishchenko, Galina; Kaprálková, Ludmila; Strachota, Adam; Carezzi, F.; Morganti, P.

    Pisa : University of Pisa, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, 2013, s. 31. [Workshop Green Chemistry and Nanotechnologies in Polymer Chemistry /4./. Pisa (IT), 04.09.2013-06.09.2013] EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 315233 - N-CHITOPACK Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : chitosan * single polymer composite * chitin nanofibrils Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry

  5. Elasticity, biodegradability and cell adhesive properties of chitosan/hyaluronan multilayer films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Aurore; Richert, Ludovic; Francius, Gregory; Voegel, Jean-Claude; Picart, Catherine [Present address: Universite de Montpellier II, CNRS-UMR 5539, cc107, Place Eugene Bataillon, 34 095 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France)

    2007-03-01

    In the bioengineering field, a recent and promising approach to modifying biomaterial surfaces is the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique used to build thin polyelectrolyte multilayer films. In this work, we focused on polyelectrolyte multilayer films made of two polysaccharides, chitosan (CHI) and hyaluronan (HA), and on the control of their physico-chemical and cell adhesive properties by chemical cross-linking. CHI/HA films were cross-linked using a water soluble carbodiimide and observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) with a fluorescently labeled CHI. Film thicknesses were similar for native and cross-linked films. The film nanometer roughness was measured by atomic force microscopy and was found to be higher for cross-linked films. Cross-linking the films also leads to a drastic change in film stiffness. The elastic modulus of the films (Young's modulus) as measured by AFM nano-indentation was about tenfold increased for cross-linked films as compared to native ones. From a biological point of view, cross-liked films are more resistant to enzymatic degradation by hyaluronidase. Furthermore, the increase in film stiffness has a favorable effect on the adhesion and spreading of chondrosarcoma cells. Thus, the CHI/HA cross-linked films could be used for various applications due to their adhesive properties and to their mechanical properties (including stability in enzymatic media)

  6. Elasticity, biodegradability and cell adhesive properties of chitosan/hyaluronan multilayer films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Aurore; Richert, Ludovic; Francius, Gregory; Voegel, Jean-Claude; Picart, Catherine

    2007-03-01

    In the bioengineering field, a recent and promising approach to modifying biomaterial surfaces is the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique used to build thin polyelectrolyte multilayer films. In this work, we focused on polyelectrolyte multilayer films made of two polysaccharides, chitosan (CHI) and hyaluronan (HA), and on the control of their physico-chemical and cell adhesive properties by chemical cross-linking. CHI/HA films were cross-linked using a water soluble carbodiimide and observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) with a fluorescently labeled CHI. Film thicknesses were similar for native and cross-linked films. The film nanometer roughness was measured by atomic force microscopy and was found to be higher for cross-linked films. Cross-linking the films also leads to a drastic change in film stiffness. The elastic modulus of the films (Young's modulus) as measured by AFM nano-indentation was about tenfold increased for cross-linked films as compared to native ones. From a biological point of view, cross-liked films are more resistant to enzymatic degradation by hyaluronidase. Furthermore, the increase in film stiffness has a favorable effect on the adhesion and spreading of chondrosarcoma cells. Thus, the CHI/HA cross-linked films could be used for various applications due to their adhesive properties and to their mechanical properties (including stability in enzymatic media).

  7. Preparation and evaluation of chitosan/ellagic acid/erythrocyte membrane lipid hemostatic composite sponge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺庆; 敖强; 王臻; 刘伟强; 龚锴; 公衍道; 张秀芳

    2013-01-01

      背景:部分文献报道壳聚糖对严重创伤的止血效果有限,因此以壳聚糖为基础止血剂的促凝血活性还有待进一步增强。目的:制备一种新型的壳聚糖/鞣花酸/红细胞膜脂复合海绵,评价其促凝血活性和细胞毒性。方法:通过冻干法制备壳聚糖海绵和壳聚糖乙酸盐海绵,然后再通过静电吸附法制备壳聚糖/鞣花酸/红细胞膜脂复合海绵。血浆复钙时间法观察3种海绵的促凝血活性,并检测3种海绵对 SD 大鼠肝脏的止血效果及对 L929细胞的毒性。结果与结论:壳聚糖/鞣花酸/红细胞膜脂复合海绵组的血浆复钙时间、出血时间、失血量均显著少于壳聚糖海绵组和壳聚糖乙酸盐海绵组(P <0.01)。细胞实验显示壳聚糖/鞣花酸/红细胞膜脂复合海绵无细胞毒性。说明壳聚糖/鞣花酸/红细胞膜脂复合海绵具有良好的促凝血活性且无细胞毒性。%BACKGROUND: Some previous studies have indicated that the hemostatic effect of chitosan is limited when dealing with severe injuries. Therefore, the procoagulant activity of chitosan-based hemostatic agents needs to be enhanced. OBJECTIVE: To prepare a novel chitosan/el agic acid/erythrocyte membrane lipid composite sponge and to evaluate its procoagulant activity and cytotoxicity.METHODS: Chitosan sponge and chitosan acetate sponge were prepared by freeze-drying method. Then chitosan/el agic acid/erythrocyte membrane lipid composite sponge was prepared by electrostatic adsorption method. Procoagulant activity of the chitosan, chitosan acetate, and chitosan/el agic acid/erythrocyte membrane lipid sponges was evaluated by the plasma recalcification time method. Hemostatic effect of these sponges was evaluated in the Sprague Dawley rat liver bleeding model, and the cytotoxicity to L929 cel line was evaluated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The plasma recalcification time, bleeding time and blood loss of the chitosan/el agic acid

  8. Physical Properties, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Chitosan Films Containing Carvacrol and Pomegranate Peel Extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaofeng Yuan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan-based active films were developed by incorporation of carvacrol (10 g/L, pomegranate peel extract (PPE, 10 g/L and carvacrol + PPE (10 g/L of each and their physical, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties were investigated. Incorporation of carvacrol and carvacrol + PPE into the films significantly decreased the water vapor permeability, tensile strength and percentage of elongation at break. Incorporation of carvacrol, PPE and carvacrol + PPE into the films decreased the transparency, but significantly increased the total phenol content and antioxidant activity. All the films, with the exception of PPE-incorporated film, exhibited antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. In addition, the antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus of the film incorporated with carvacrol + PPE was moderately higher than that incorporated with carvacrol or PPE alone, suggesting a synergistic action between carvacrol and PPE.

  9. 羧基功能化石墨烯及其壳聚糖复合膜的制备与性能%Preparation and Properties of Carboxyl Functionalized Graphene and Chitosan Composite Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋秋生; 李萌; 张恺; 许顺; 钟振彪

    2011-01-01

    采用Hummers法制备氧化石墨,化学分散法制备羧基功能化石墨烯。采用FT-IR、XRD对产物进行表征;用静电自组装法将其与壳聚糖(CS)复合制备复合膜,对复合膜的荧光性能及其修饰玻碳电极对葡萄糖的电催化氧化还原性能进行了研究。结果表明:制备的功能化石墨烯含有羧基;壳聚糖-石墨烯复合膜具有光致发光性能;复合膜修饰玻碳电极对葡萄糖具有良好的电催化氧化还原性能。%Carboxyl functionalized graphene was prepared by chemical dispersion and characterized by FT-IR and XRD.Composite membrane of carboxyl functionalized grapheme with chitosan(CS) was prepared via electrostatic self-assembly.The fluorescence properties of the composite film and the electro-catalytic oxidation-reduction properties of the composite membrane modified glassy carbon electrode for glucose were studied.Results showed that the functionalized graphene was successfully prepared and the composite membrane showed good photoluminescence performance.Glassy carbon electrode modified with the composite membrane showed good performance of electro-catalytic oxidation-reduction for glucose.

  10. Preparation of microfibrillated cellulose/chitosan-benzalkonium chloride biocomposite for enhancing antibacterium and strength of sodium alginate films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Kai; Lin, Xinxing; Chen, Lihui; Huang, Liulian; Cao, Shilin; Wang, Huangwei

    2013-07-01

    The nonantibacterial and low strength properties of sodium alginate films negatively impact their application for food packaging. In order to improve these properties, a novel chitosan-benzalkonium chloride (C-BC) complex was prepared by ionic gelation using tripolyphosphate (TPP) as a coagulant, and a biocomposite obtained through the adsorption of C-BC complex on microfibrillated cellulose, MFC/C-BC, was then incorporated into a sodium alginate film. The TEM image showed that the C-BC nanoparticles were spherical in shape with a diameter of about 30 nm, and the adsorption equilibrium time of these nanoparticles on the surface of MFC was estimated to be 6 min under the driving forces of hydrogen bonds and electrostatic interactions. According to the disc diffusion method, the MFC/C-BC biocomposite-incorporated sodium alginate film exhibited remarkable antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and certain antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli . The strength tests indicated that the tensile strength of the composite sodium alginate film increased about 225% when the loading of MFC/C-BC biocomposite was 10 wt %. These results suggested that the MFC/C-BC biocomposite-incorporated sodium alginate film with excellent antibacterial and strength properties would be a promising material for food packaging, and the MFC/C-BC may also be a potential multifunctional biocomposite for other biodegradable materials. PMID:23750871

  11. Preparation and evaluation of zinc-pectin-chitosan composite particles for drug delivery to the colon: role of chitosan in modifying in vitro and in vivo drug release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Surajit; Chaudhury, Anumita; Ng, Ka-Yun

    2011-03-15

    Zinc-pectin-chitosan composite microparticles were designed and developed as colon-specific carrier. Resveratrol was used as model drug due to its potential activity on colon diseases. Formulations were produced by varying different formulation parameters (cross-linking pH, chitosan concentration, cross-linking time, molecular weight of chitosan, and drug concentration). Single-step formulation technique was compared with multi-step technique. Effect of these parameters was investigated on shape, size, weight, weight loss (WL), moisture content (MC), encapsulation efficiency (EE), drug loading (L), and drug release pattern of the microparticles. The formulation conditions were optimized from the drug release study. In vivo pharmacokinetics of the zinc-pectinate particles was compared with the zinc-pectin-chitosan composite particles in rats. Formulations were spherical with 920.48-1107.56 μm size, 21.19-24.27 mg weight of 50 particles, 89.83-94.34% WL, 8.31-13.25% MC, 96.95-98.85% EE, and 17.82-48.31% L. Formulation parameters showed significant influence on drug release pattern from the formulations. Formulation prepared at pH 1.5, 1% chitosan, 120 min cross-linking time, and pectin:drug at 3:1 ratio demonstrated colon-specific drug release. Microparticles were stable at 4 °C and room temperature. Pharmacokinetic study indicated in vivo colon-specific drug release from the zinc-pectin-chitosan composite particles only. PMID:21168477

  12. Chitin nanofibrils biomimetic products: nanoparticles and nanocomposite chitosan films in health care

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Morganti, P.; Tishchenko, Galina; Palombo, M.; Kelnar, Ivan; Brožová, Libuše; Špírková, Milena; Pavlova, Ewa; Kobera, Libor; Carezzi, F.

    Boca Raton : CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 2013 - (Kim, S.), s. 681-716 ISBN 978-1-4665-0564-3 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA310/09/1407 Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : chitin nanofibrils * nanocomposite chitosan films * biomimetic products Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology http://www.crcnetbase.com/doi/abs/10.1201/b14723-39

  13. Chitin whisker-reinforced chitosan films formed under applied electric field

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tishchenko, Galina; Peter, Jakub; Pavlova, Ewa; Brus, Jiří; Netopilík, Miloš; Pekárek, Michal; Sedláková, Zdeňka; Rosova, E. U.; Smirnov, M.; Elyashevich, G. K.

    Prague : Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry AS CR, v.v , 2009. s. 156. ISBN 978-80-85009-58-3. [International Conference Permea 2009. 07.06.2009-11.06.2009, Prague] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA525/08/0803 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : chitosan films * electric field * chitin whiskers Subject RIV: FB - Endocrinology, Diabetology, Metabolism, Nutrition

  14. 绿茶多酚提高壳聚糖包装膜的抗氧化性能%Adding green tea polyphenols enhances antioxidant of chitosan film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭勇; 李云飞※; 项凯翔

    2013-01-01

      为了开发新型的抗氧化活性包装材料,该文以壳聚糖/绿茶多酚构成的复合膜为研究对象,比较分析了甘油和聚乙二醇对壳聚糖膜物理、机械、抗氧化和结构特性的影响。结果表明:未加入绿茶多酚前,壳聚糖甘油膜有着较低的水蒸汽透过系数和膨胀程度,其水蒸汽透过系数为8.84×10-11g/(m·s·Pa)。然而,聚乙二醇膜的抗拉强度和穿透力均高于甘油形成的膜。X射线衍射分析(XRD)表明应用质量分数40%的增塑剂导致11.7°和17.9°出现2个结晶峰,分别对应壳聚糖的水合结晶和无水结晶。加入绿茶多酚后,壳聚糖复合膜的抗氧化能力显著提高,1,1-二苯基-2-苦基肼(DPPH)自由基清除能力在5 min内达到83.9%。加入绿茶多酚显著降低了膜溶液的表观黏度,增加了膜的厚度、颜色和阻水性。从2种增塑剂的对比效果看,绿茶多酚对于甘油膜的机械性能影响较大,其断裂伸长率从42.02%急剧下降到9.19%,并且使膜的结晶结构从水合状态转变为非晶状态。但绿茶多酚对聚乙二醇膜的水蒸汽透过系数、膨胀程度和颜色影响较大。壳聚糖复合膜性能的这种差异与增塑剂中所含羟基的数量以及与绿茶多酚的配比有关。研究结果为绿茶多酚复合包装膜在实际中的应用提供了理论依据。%  Green tea polyphenols, which are extracted from tea and contain catechin, flavones, anthocyan, and phenolic acid, have been generally demonstrated to be powerful antioxidants. The development of antioxidant active packaging materials by the incorporation of tea polyphenols into biocompatible polysaccharide film has aroused significant interest. In order to broaden the application of chitosan film and develop environment-friendly composite film with green tea polyphenols, the effects of green tea polyphenols and plasticizer such as glycerol and polyethylene glycol 200 on the

  15. Characterization of chitosan-nanoclay bionanocomposite active films containing milk thistle extract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beigzadeh Ghelejlu, Sara; Esmaiili, Mohsen; Almasi, Hadi

    2016-05-01

    Nowadays, bio-based and antioxidant active packaging is attracting significant attention as one of the preferred emerging technologies to prevent sensitive oxidation of foods. In this study, chitosan/nanoclay nanocomposite active films containing three different levels of sodium montmorillonite (MMT) (1, 3 and 5% w/w based on chitosan) and Silybum marianum L. extract (SME) (0.5, 1 and 1.5% v/v) were prepared. The obtained films were characterized in terms of structural, thermal, mechanical, and barrier properties as well as antioxidant behavior. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the exfoliated dispersion form of MMT nanolayers. Scanning electron microscopy images showed an increase in films' surface roughness by the addition of MMT. The results indicated that water vapor permeability and solubility of films reduced significantly (p<0.05) by incorporation of MMT and SME. The mechanical and optical properties of films were significantly affected by the content of MMT and SME (p<0.05). Antioxidant properties of the films also were improved by SME incorporation, suggesting that the formulated bionanocomposites could be considered as a promising antioxidant active packaging material. PMID:26853823

  16. Study on the bonding strength between calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coatings and a Mg alloy substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HA/CS–acetic acid/ethanol suspension resulted in hydroxyapatite, chitosan, brushite (DCPD, CaHPO4·2H2O) and Ca(OH)2 in the coatings. After the as-prepared coating materials were immersed into PBS, Ca(OH)2 could be converted into HA and DCPD. The results of the electrochemical tests manifested that the corrosion resistance of the Mg alloy was improved by coating this composite film.

  17. Facile preparation of disposable immunosensor for Shigella flexneri based on multi-wall carbon nanotubes/chitosan composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)/chitosan/horseradish peroxidase labeled antibodies to Shigella flexneri (HRP-anti-S. flexneri) biocomposite film on a screen-printed electrode (SPE) surface, a disposable immunosensor has been developed for the rapid detection of S. flexneri. The HRP-anti-S. flexneri can be entrapped into MWCNT/chitosan composite matrix without other cross-linking agent. Thionine and H2O2 were used as the mediator and substrate, respectively. The surface morphologies of modified films were characterized by atomic force microscope (AFM). Cyclic voltammery (CV) was carried out to characterize the electrochemical properties of the immobilization of materials on the electrode surface and quantified S. flexneri. Due to the strong electrocatalytic properties of MWCNT and HRP toward H2O2, the response signal was significantly amplified. S. flexneri could be detected by the decrease of the reduction peak current before and after immunoreaction. Under optimal conditions, S. flexneri could be detected in the range of 104 to 1010 cfu mL-1, with a detection limit of 2.3 x 103 cfu mL-1 (S/N = 3). Furthermore, the proposed immunosensor exhibited a satisfactory specificity, reproducibility, stability and accuracy, indicating that the proposed immunosensor has potential application for a facile, rapid and harmless immunoassay.

  18. Facile preparation of disposable immunosensor for Shigella flexneri based on multi-wall carbon nanotubes/chitosan composite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao Guangying, E-mail: zhaogy-user@163.co [Food Safety Key Lab of Zhejiang Province, Department of Food Quality and Safety, Zhejiang Gongshang University, 149, Jiaogong Road, Hangzhou 310035, Zhejiang Province (China); Zhan Xuejia [Food Safety Key Lab of Zhejiang Province, Department of Food Quality and Safety, Zhejiang Gongshang University, 149, Jiaogong Road, Hangzhou 310035, Zhejiang Province (China)

    2010-02-28

    Based on multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)/chitosan/horseradish peroxidase labeled antibodies to Shigella flexneri (HRP-anti-S. flexneri) biocomposite film on a screen-printed electrode (SPE) surface, a disposable immunosensor has been developed for the rapid detection of S. flexneri. The HRP-anti-S. flexneri can be entrapped into MWCNT/chitosan composite matrix without other cross-linking agent. Thionine and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} were used as the mediator and substrate, respectively. The surface morphologies of modified films were characterized by atomic force microscope (AFM). Cyclic voltammery (CV) was carried out to characterize the electrochemical properties of the immobilization of materials on the electrode surface and quantified S. flexneri. Due to the strong electrocatalytic properties of MWCNT and HRP toward H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, the response signal was significantly amplified. S. flexneri could be detected by the decrease of the reduction peak current before and after immunoreaction. Under optimal conditions, S. flexneri could be detected in the range of 10{sup 4} to 10{sup 10} cfu mL{sup -1}, with a detection limit of 2.3 x 10{sup 3} cfu mL{sup -1} (S/N = 3). Furthermore, the proposed immunosensor exhibited a satisfactory specificity, reproducibility, stability and accuracy, indicating that the proposed immunosensor has potential application for a facile, rapid and harmless immunoassay.

  19. Chitosan/bioactive glass nanoparticle composite membranes for periodontal regeneration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mota, J.; Yu, N.; Caridade, S.G.; Luz, G.M.; Gomes, M.E.R.; Reis, R.L.; Jansen, J.A.; Walboomers, X.F.; Mano, J.F.

    2012-01-01

    Barrier membranes are used in periodontal applications with the aim of supporting periodontal regeneration by physically blocking migration of epithelial cells. The present work proposes a combination of chitosan (CHT) with bioactive glass nanoparticles (BG-NPs) in order to produce a novel guided ti

  20. Mechanical Properties of Collagen Biomimetic Films Formed in the Presence of Calcium, Silica and Chitosan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mihai Chirita

    2008-01-01

    Using eucollagen solutions from ox hide, we cast collagen films to assess the influence of calcium and silica on the re- constitution of the fibrous structure of collagen. The tensile strength and the breaking elongation of the reconstituted collagen films were measured and analysed. Significant differences were observed between reconstituted collagen films with and without calcium and silica. The breaking elongation of the films obtained in the presence of silica was significantly greater, and the degradation was lower than other films of reconstituted collagen. Collagen and chitosan do not exist together as blends in nature, but the specific properties of each may be used to produce in biomimetic way man-made blends with biomedical applications, that confer unique structural, mechanical (detail) and in vivo properties.

  1. Preparation and properties of arenga starch-chitosan based edible film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmawati, Putri; Ni'maturrohmah, Dwi; Luthfiana Sari, Putri; Puspita Sari, Putri; Nur Indah Sari, Tetty; Suryanti, Venti

    2016-02-01

    The main objective of this research was to prepare for edible film on the basis of arenga starch-chitosan. Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was added to the blend and glycerol was used as a plasticizer. The tensile strength and water uptake of the film decreased with the increasing of glycerol content in the blend. Contrary, increasing glycerol content in the blend enhanced the elongation and swelling area of the film. The film C1, which has 6% of glycerol in the blend has a tensile strength of 124 KPa, elongation of 6.55%, swelling area of 21% and water uptake of 48%. The film C2, which has 10% of glycerol in the blend has a tensile strength of 58 KPa, elongation of 8.35%, swelling area of 32% and water uptake of 5%.

  2. Chitosan nanocomposite films: enhanced electrical conductivity, thermal stability, and mechanical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marroquin, Jason B; Rhee, K Y; Park, S J

    2013-02-15

    A novel, high-performance Fe(3)O(4)/MWNT/Chitosan nanocomposite has been prepared by a simple solution evaporation method. A significant synergistic effect of Fe(3)O(4) and MWNT provided enhanced electrical conductivity, mechanical properties, and thermal stability on the nanocomposites. A 5% (wt) loading of Fe(3)O(4)/MWNT in the nanocomposite increased conductivity from 5.34×10(-5) S/m to 1.49×10(-2) S/m compared to 5% (wt) MWNT loadings. The Fe(3)O(4)/MWNT/Chitosan films also exhibited increases in tensile strength and modulus of 70% and 155%, respectively. The integral procedure decomposition temperature (IPDT) was enhanced from 501 °C to 568 °C. These effects resulted from a number of factors: generation of a greater number of conductive channels through interactions between MWNT and Fe(3)O(4) surfaces, a higher relative crystallinity, the antiplasticizing effects of Fe(3)O(4), a restricted mobility and hindrance of depolymerization of the Chitosan chain segments, as well as uniform distribution, improved dispersion, and strong interfacial adhesion between the MWNT and Chitosan matrix. PMID:23399220

  3. Development and characterization of hydroxyapatite/β-TCP/chitosan composites for tissue engineering applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shavandi, Amin; Bekhit, Alaa El-Din A; Ali, M Azam; Sun, Zhifa; Gould, Maree

    2015-11-01

    Calcium phosphate ceramics that mimic bone composition provide interesting possibilities for the advancement in bone tissue engineering. The present study reports on a chitosan composite reinforced by hydroxyapatite (HA) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) obtained from waste mussel shells and cross-linked using tripolyphosphate (TPP). The ratios of the ceramic components in composites were 20/10/70, 30/20/50 and 40/30/30 (HA/β-TCP/CH, w/w %). Biodegradation rate, structural properties and in-vitro degradation of the bone-like composite scaffolds were investigated. The optimum amount of TPP required for composite was 2.5% and glycerol was used as plasticizer at an optimized concentration of 1%. Tripolyphosphate cross-linked chitosan composites were developed by freezing and lyophilisation. The Young's modulus of the scaffolds was increased from 4kPa to 17kPa and the porosity of composites dropped from 85 to 68% by increasing the HA/β-TCP ratio. After 28days in physiological solution, bone-like composite scaffolds with a higher ratio of HA/β-TCP (e.g. 40/30/30) showed about 2% lower biodegradation in comparison to scaffolds with a lower ratio of HA/β-TCP (i.e. 20/10/70). The obtained data suggest that the chitosan based bone-like composites could be potential candidates for biomedical applications. PMID:26249618

  4. Composite particles formed by complexation of poly(methacrylic acid) - stabilized magnetic fluid with chitosan: Magnetic material for bioapplications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safarik, Ivo; Stepanek, Miroslav; Uchman, Mariusz; Slouf, Miroslav; Baldikova, Eva; Nydlova, Leona; Pospiskova, Kristyna; Safarikova, Mirka

    2016-10-01

    A simple procedure for the synthesis of magnetic fluid (ferrofluid) stabilized by poly(methacrylic acid) has been developed. This ferrofluid was used to prepare a novel type of magnetically responsive chitosan-based composite material. Both ferrofluid and magnetic chitosan composite were characterized by a combination of microscopy (optical microscopy, TEM, SEM), scattering (static and dynamic light scattering, SANS) and spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques. Magnetic chitosan was found to be a perspective material for various bioapplications, especially as a magnetic carrier for immobilization of enzymes and cells. Lipase from Candida rugosa was covalently attached after cross-linking and activation of chitosan using glutaraldehyde. Baker's yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) were incorporated into the chitosan composite during its preparation; both biocatalysts were active after reaction with appropriate substrates. PMID:27287146

  5. Effect of gamma radiation on the mechanical and barrier properties of HEMA grafted chitosan-based films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chitosan films were prepared by dissolving 1% (w/v) chitosan powder in 2% (w/v) aqueous acetic acid solution. Chitosan films were prepared by solution casting. The values of puncture strength (PS), viscoelasticity coefficient and water vapor permeability (WVP) of the films were found to be 565 N/mm, 35%, and 3.30 g mm/m2 day kPa, respectively. Chitosan solution was exposed to gamma irradiation (0.1–5 kGy) and it was revealed that PS values were reduced significantly (p≤0.05) after 1 kGy dose and it was not possible to form films after 5 kGy. Monomer, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) solution (0.1–1%, w/v) was incorporated into the chitosan solution and the formulation was exposed to gamma irradiation (0.3 kGy). A 0.1% (w/v) HEMA concentration at 0.3 kGy dose was found optimal-based on PS values for chitosan grafting. Then radiation dose (0.1–5 kGy) was optimized for HEMA grafting. The highest PS values (672 N/mm) were found at 0.7 kGy. The WVP of the grafted films improved significantly (p≤0.05) with the rise of radiation dose. - highlights: ► HEMA and Silane monomer were incorporated into the MC-based formulation and films. ► Films were exposed to gamma radiation. ► HEMA containing films showed the highest PS values. ► Surface morphology of the grafted films suggested better appearance.

  6. Controlled fabrication of gold nanoparticles biomediated by glucose oxidase immobilized on chitosan layer-by-layer films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control of size and shape of metallic nanoparticles is a fundamental goal in nanochemistry, and crucial for applications exploiting nanoscale properties of materials. We present here an approach to the synthesis of gold nanoparticles mediated by glucose oxidase (GOD) immobilized on solid substrates using the Layer-by-Layer (LbL) technique. The LbL films contained four alternated layers of chitosan and poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS), with GOD in the uppermost bilayer adsorbed on a fifth chitosan layer: (chitosan/PSS)4/(chitosan/GOD). The films were inserted into a solution containing gold salt and glucose, at various pHs. Optimum conditions were achieved at pH 9, producing gold nanoparticles of ca. 30 nm according to transmission electron microscopy. A comparative study with the enzyme in solution demonstrated that the synthesis of gold nanoparticles is more efficient using immobilized GOD.

  7. Nanoindentation of Chitosan Doped with Silver Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palumbo, Matthew; Teklu, Alem; Kuthirummal, Narayanan; Levi-Polyachenko, Nicole; Department of Physics; Astronomy, College of Charleston Collaboration; Department of Plastic; Reconstructive Surgery, Wake Forest University Health Sciences Collaboration

    Imaging and spectroscopic analysis via nanoindentation was performed with the Nanosurf EasyScan2 AFM on the pure and silver doped chitosan samples allowing for a more localized determination of their stiffness, hardness, and reduced Young's modulus. The pure chitosan sample was tested to have a stiffness of 0.367 N/m, a hardness of 1.12 GPa, and a reduced Young's modulus of 30.5 MPa. The film with 5mg Ag nanoparticle per gram of chitosan was tested on the boundaries between the chitosan and Ag nanoparticles to show an increase in stiffness of about 4.6% at 0.384 N/m, an increase in hardness of about 5.4% at 1.18 GPa, and an increase in the reduced Young's modulus of about 5.0% at 3.2 MPa in comparison to the pure chitosan sample. On the other hand, upon increasing the doping to 10mg Ag nanoparticle per gram of chitosan showed a decrease in stiffness of about 6.3% at 0.344 N/m, a decrease in hardness of about 27.0% at 0.820 GPa, and a decrease in the reduced Young's modulus of about 6.0% at 28.7 MPa in comparison to the pure chitosan sample. Obviously, films doped with 5mg Ag nanoparicle per gram of chitosan provided the composites with improved mechanical strength compared to chitosan alone.

  8. Chitosan/chitin nanowhiskers composites: effect of plasticisers on the mechanical behaviour

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kelnar, Ivan; Kovářová, Jana; Tishchenko, Galina; Kaprálková, Ludmila; Pavlova, Ewa; Carezzi, F.; Morganti, P.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 22, č. 2 (2015), 5_1-5_6. ISSN 1022-9760 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA13-15255S EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 315233 - N-CHITOPACK Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : chitosan * chitin nanowhiskers * composite Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry Impact factor: 1.920, year: 2014

  9. Experimental study of natural hydroxyapatite/chitosan composite on reconstructing bone defects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua Yuan; Ning Chen; XiaoyingLü; Buzhong Zheng

    2008-01-01

    Objective:To study the possibility of natural hydroxyapatite/chitosan composite on repairing bone defects. Methods:We developed a natural hydroxyapatite/chitosan composite that could be molded into any desired shape. The powder component consists of natural hydroxyapatite, which is epurated from bone of pigs. The liquid component consists of malic acid and chitosan. Operations were performed on the left tibias of 15 white rabbits to create two square bone defects. One of the defects was reconstructed with the composite, while the other was not repaired and used as a blank control. Three of the animals were killed at the end of 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks respectively and implants were evaluated anatomically and histologically. Results:No apparent rejection reaction was found, except for a mild inflammatory infiltration observed 2 weeks after surgery. Fibrous tissue became thinner 2 -8 weeks after surgery and bony connections were detected 12 weeks after surgery. The new bone was the same as the recipient bone by the 16th postoperative week. Conclusion:The hydroxyapatite/chitosan composite has good biocompatibility and osteoconduction. It is a potential repairing material for clinical application.

  10. Performance of PRP Associated with Porous Chitosan as a Composite Scaffold for Regenerative Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Arruda Martins Shimojo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro performance of activated platelet-rich plasma associated with porous sponges of chitosan as a composite scaffold for proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells. The sponges were prepared by controlled freezing (−20, −80, or −196°C and lyophilization of chitosan solutions (1, 2, or 3% w/v. The platelet-rich plasma was obtained from controlled centrifugation of whole blood and activated with calcium and autologous serum. The composite scaffolds were prepared by embedding the sponges with the activated platelet-rich plasma. The results showed the performance of the scaffolds was superior to that of activated platelet-rich plasma alone, in terms of delaying the release of growth factors and increased proliferation of the stem cells. The best preparation conditions of chitosan composite scaffolds that coordinated the physicochemical and mechanical properties and cell proliferation were 3% (w/v chitosan and a −20°C freezing temperature, while −196°C favored osteogenic differentiation. Although the composite scaffolds are promising for regenerative medicine, the structures require stabilization to prevent the collapse observed after five days.

  11. MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE ORIENTED CHITOSAN FILM OBTAINED FROM PRE-SHEARED LIQUID CRYSTALLINE SOLUTION IN DICHLOROACETIC ACID

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong-ming Hu; Li-heng Wu; Da-cheng Wu; Shou-xi Chen

    2001-01-01

    The oriented chitosan films obtained from pre-sheared liquid crystalline chitosan/dichloroacetic acid (DCA)solutions were studied by means of polarized optical microscopy (POM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infra-red dichroism technique and wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). The shear induced band texture in the film was found to correspond to the sinusoidal fibrillar microstructure along the shearing direction on the basis of POM and SEM observations.The sinusoidal fibril was found to be lying within the film plane. The model of chitosan molecular orientation in the presheared film with band texture can be established assuming that the main chain orients in the shearing direction and the side group is perpendicular to the shearing direction. The WAXD azimuthal scanning at 2θ = 20° indicates that the (002) plane orients perpendicular to the shearing direction.``

  12. Three-dimensional chitosan-nanohydroxyapatite composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thein-Han, W. W.; Misra, R. D. K.

    2009-09-01

    We describe the structure of biodegradable chitosan-nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) composites scaffolds and their interaction with pre-osteoblasts for bone tissue engineering. The scaffolds were fabricated via freezing and lyophilization. The nanocomposite scaffolds were characterized by a highly porous structure and pore size of ˜50-125 μm, irrespective of nHA content. The observed significant enhancement in the biological response of pre-osteoblast on nanocomposite scaffolds expressed in terms of cell attachment, proliferation, and widespread morphology in relation to pure chitosan points toward their potential use as scaffold material for bone regeneration.

  13. Near-infrared fluorescent single walled carbon nanotube-chitosan composite: Interfacial strain transfer efficiency assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mol Menamparambath, Mini; Arabale, Girish; Nikolaev, Pavel; Baik, Seunghyun; Arepalli, Sivaram

    2013-04-01

    Effective load transfer at the single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT)-polymer interface is most desirable for mechanically reinforced polymer composites. Versatile layer-by-layer assembly technique achieved dispersion and uniform distribution of sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)-solubilized SWCNTs within the polymer matrix. Electrostatic interaction between positively charged chitosan and negatively charged CMC facilitates design of an optically active biocompatible nanocomposite. Interfacial strain transfer efficiency of SWCNT-chitosan nanocomposite was assessed via SWCNT Raman and photoluminescence band shifts under uniaxial strain. Photoluminescence peak shift rates of individual semiconducting SWCNTs were investigated and compared with tight binding model calculations.

  14. Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan/Carboxymethylated Konjac Glucomannan Blend Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    In order to improve the mechanical and water swelling properties of the chitosan(CS) film, aseries of transparent films were prepared by blending 2% (weight) chitosan acetic acid solution with 1.5%(weight) carboxymethylated konjac glucomannan(CMKGM) aqueous solution according to predeterminedratio and drying at 30℃. The morphological structure, miscibility, thermal stability, mechanical proper-ties, and swelling capacity of the blend films were studied by infrared (IR), X-ray diffraction(XRD), dif-ferential thermal analysis(DTA), scanning electron micrograph(SEM), and measurements of the mechan-ical properties and swelling properties. The results demonstrated that there was strong interaction andgood miscibility between CS and CMKGM resulted from intermolecular hydrogen bonding and electrostaticforce. The mechanical properties in dry state and wet state, thermostability, and water swelling propertiesof the blend films were obviously improved. The best values of the tensile strength in the dry and wet stateachieved 89 MPa and 49 MPa, respectively, when the CMKGM content was 30%(weight). The CS/CMKGM blend films provided promising biomedical applications.

  15. The Effect of Ag Content of the Chitosan-Silver Nanoparticle Composite Material on the Structure and Antibacterial Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solmaz Akmaz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the antibacterial properties and characterization of chitosan-silver nanoparticle composite materials. Chitosan-silver nanoparticle composite material was synthesized by adding AgNO3 and NaOH solutions to chitosan solution at 95°C. Different concentrations (0,02 M, 0,04 M, and 0,06 M of AgNO3 were used for synthesis. Chitosan-silver nanoparticle composite materials were characterized by Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD, ultraviolet (UV spectrophotometer, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR spectrometer techniques. Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Streptococcus pneumoniae were used to test the bactericidal efficiency of synthesized chitosan-Ag nanoparticle composite materials. The biological activity was determined by the minimum bacterial concentration (MBC of the materials. Antibacterial effect of chitosan-silver nanoparticle materials was increased by increasing Ag amount of the composite materials. The presence of small amount of metal nanoparticles in the composite was enough to significantly enhance antibacterial activity as compared with pure chitosan.

  16. Investigation and modeling of moisture sorption behaviour of rice starch/carboxymethyl chitosan blend films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suriyatem, R.; Rachtanapun, C.; Raviyan, P.; Intipunya, P.; Rachtanapun, P.

    2015-07-01

    The biopolymer films from rice starch (RS) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCh) were developed by solution casting. The effect of the ratios of rice starch to CMCh (100:0, 88:12, 67:33, 50:50, 33:67, 12:88 and 0:100) on water barrier properties and moisture sorption isotherm of blend films was studied. Water vapor permeability of rice starch film and CMCh film were 4.8 and 9.1 g.mm/m2.mHg.day, respectively, while those of the RS/CMCh blend films ranged between 5.0 and 9.1 g.mm/m2.mHg.day. The sorption isotherm of RS/CMCh blend films was determined at 25°C. The sorption behaviour of RS/CMCh blend films could be categorized as type II and type III isotherms. The highest equilibrium moisture content (63.5 g water/100 g dry solid) was obtained in the CMCh film at aw of 0.87. For further application of sorption isotherm data, the moisture sorption characteristic of the films can be predicted using empirical models. Lewicki, Peleg, Guggenheim-Anderson-deBoer (GAB), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and Oswin models were tested to fit the experimental data. The Peleg equation showed the best fit to the experimental data of the RS/CMCh blend films with r2 ∼ 0.997 and the lowest % RMS of 6.2-44.3.

  17. Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19115 on ham steak by tea bioactive compounds incorporated into chitosan-coated plastic films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vodnar Dan C

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The consumer demands for better quality and safety of food products have given rise to the development and implementation of edible films. The use of antimicrobial films can be a promising tool for controlling L. monocytogenes on ready to eat products. The aim of this study was to develop effective antimicrobial films incorporating bioactive compounds from green and black teas into chitosan, for controlling L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115 on vacuum-packaged ham steak. The effectiveness of these antimicrobial films was evaluated at room temperature (20°C for 10 days and at refrigerated temperature (4°C for 8 weeks. Results The HPLC results clearly show that relative concentrations of catechins and caffeine in green tea ranked EGCG>EGC>CAF>ECG>EC>C while in black tea extracts ranked CAF>EGCG>ECG>EGC>EC>C. The chitosan-coated plastic films incorporating green tea and black tea extracts shows specific markers identified by FTIR. Incorporating natural extracts into chitosan showed that the growth of L monocytogenes ATCC 19115 was inhibited. The efficacy of antimicrobial effect of tea extracts incorporated into chitosan-coated plastic film was dose dependent. However, chitosan-coated films without addition of tea extracts did not inhibit the growth of L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115. Chitosan-coated plastic films incorporating 4% Green tea extract was the most effective antimicrobial, reducing the initial counts from 3.2 to 2.65 log CFU/cm2 during room temperature storage and from 3.2 to 1–1.5 log CFU/cm2 during refrigerated storage. Conclusions Incorporation of tea extracts into the chitosan-coated films considerably enhanced their effectiveness against L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115. 4% Green tea incorporated into chitosan-coated plastic film had a better antilisterial effect than 2% green tea or 2% and 4% black tea. Data from this study would provide new formulation options for developing antimicrobial packaging films using tea

  18. Fabrication and characterization of layered chitosan/silk fibroin/nano-hydroxyapatite scaffolds with designed composition and mechanical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Ting; Wu, Jingjing; Liu, Jiaoyan; Luo, Ying; Wan, Ying

    2015-08-01

    Chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite (HA) composites were first prepared and then used together with chitosan and silk fibroin (SF) to produce a type of four-layer porous scaffold that is potentially applicable for articular cartilage repair. The bottom layer of the scaffold was built with the chitosan/HA composite and the other three layers of the scaffold were fabricated using chitosan/SF composites in which the content of the chitosan and SF was altered in a mutually reversed trend. The so-produced chitosan/SF/HA scaffolds were further crosslinked using tripolyphosphate to achieve enhanced mechanical properties. Interconnected porous microstructures throughout the scaffolds were constructed using a temperature gradient processing technique, and the resultant scaffolds were endowed with graded pore-sizes and porosities as well as porous interface zones between contiguous layers without visual clefts. The compressive modulus and stress at 10% strain of the scaffolds in wet state showed a gradient-changed trend which partially mimics the compressive mechanical properties of an articular cartilage matrix. Cell culture on some chitosan/SF/HA scaffolds for a period of time of up to 14 d showed that the scaffolds were able to well support the growth and infiltration of cells, suggesting that the presently developed chitosan/SF/HA scaffolds have promising potential for articular cartilage repair. PMID:26225911

  19. Electrodeposition of alginate/chitosan layer-by-layer composite coatings on titanium substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhiliang; Zhang, Xueqin; Gu, Juming; Yang, Haitao; Nie, Jun; Ma, Guiping

    2014-03-15

    In this study, alginate/chitosan layer-by-layer composite coatings were prepared on titanium substrates via electrodeposition. The mechanism of anodic deposition of anionic alginate based on the pH decrease at the anode surface, while the pH increase at the cathode surface enabled the deposition of cationic chitosan coatings. The surface of coatings was characterized by using attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The properties of coatings were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Indirect in vitro cytotoxicity test showed that the extracts of coating had no significant effects on cell viability. Moreover, in vitro cytocompatibility test exhibited cell population and spreading tendency, suggesting that the coatings were non-toxic to L929 cells. However, the results revealed that alginate coating was more benefit for cells growing than chitosan coating. The results indicated that the proposed method could be used to fabricate alginate/chitosan layer-by-layer composite coatings on the titanium surface at room temperature and such composite coatings might have potential applications in tissue engineering scaffolds field. PMID:24528698

  20. Utilization of chitosan-clinoptilolite composite for the removal of radiocobalt from aqueous solution. Kinetics and thermodynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chitosan-clinoptilolite composite was prepared and tested for removing radiocobalt from aqueous solution. The composite was characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The sorption of Co(II) on chitosan-clinoptilolite composite was pH-dependent and ionic strength-independent. The kinetic sorption was fitted well by a pseudo-second-order rate equation. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH0, ΔS0, ΔG0) revealed that the sorption of Co(II) on chitosan-clinoptilolite composite was spontaneous and endothermic. The study showed that chitosan-clinoptilolite composite had excellent potential for the treatment of wastewater containing radiocobalt. (author)

  1. Isolation, characterization, and in vitro evaluation of bovine rumen submucosa films of collagen or chitosan-treated collagen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopal Shankar, K; Udhaya Kumar, S; Sowndarya, S; Suresh Babu, P; Rose, C

    2016-01-01

    Bovine rumen is hitherto considered as an inedible waste of meat industry. The rumen tissues can be used as an alternative source of collagen to produce biocompatible materials for clinical application. In an effort to develop a functional biomaterial from the inedible mammalian tissues, this study aims to isolate and characterize bovine rumen submucosa. Initially, the rumen tissue was sequentially processed using chemical and enzymatic treatment to decellularize, neutralize, stabilize, and to produce a native collagen matrix which is referred as collagen film (COL-F). Thus, prepared matrix was treated with 1% (w/v) chitosan solution to produce a hybrid film which is referred as collagen-chitosan film (COL/CS-F). The comparative study includes the evaluation of physical, chemical, and biological properties of the biofilms prepared. The surface topology of COL-F exhibited a continuous collagenous network with fibrous nature, while the chitosan treatment provided smooth plain surface to the parent film. Incorporation of chitosan in COL-F increased the tensile properties, as well as the thermal stability and durability of the films. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy results revealed the presence of respective amide peaks, which corresponds to protein (collagen), and the evidence of collagen-chitosan interlinking. The submucosa layer was electrophoretically found to have type I collagen. The X-ray diffraction data showed the presence of amorphous and crystalline peak which attributes to the triple helical structure of collagen in the films. Cytotoxicity studies on the films were performed in vitro using human keratinocytes. The results of cell viability and proliferation demonstrated that COL-F and COL/CS-F exhibit good biocompatibility and therefore can augment cell infiltration and proliferation. However, enhanced cellular activity was observed on the chitosan treated COL-F. These observations demonstrate that the biofilms prepared in this study can be

  2. Direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase and biosensing for glucose based on DNA/chitosan film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Tingting; Zhang, Yang; Deng, Fei; Zhang, Jing; Hasebe, Yasushi

    2011-06-01

    Glucose oxidase (GOD) is widely used in the glucose biosensor industry. The amperometric biosensors based on directly electron transfer (DET) between an electrode and immobilized GOD are especially promising. In this article, GOD was immobilized with a DNA/chitosan bio-material film on GC electrode, and the DET of GOD on DNA/chitosan was studied. The cyclic voltammetric results indicated that the GOD immobilized in the DNA/chitosan film underwent DET reaction, and the cyclic voltammogram displayed a pair of well-defined redox peaks with a formal potential of -0.45 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) at pH 5.5. The response showed a surface-controlled electrode process with an electron transfer rate constant of 0.91 sec(-1) determined in the scan rate range from 10 to 100 mV/sec. The GOD immobilized in DNA/chitosan membrane retained its biocatalytic activity and stability. The immobilized GOD could electrocatalyze the reduction of dissolved oxygen and resulted in a great increase of the reduction peak current. Upon the addition of glucose, the reduction peak current decreased, which could be used for glucose detection with a sensitivity of 0.48 μA/(mmol/L), a linear range from 0.04 to 2.28 mmol/L and a detection limit of 0.04 mmol/L at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. The sensor could exclude the interference of commonly coexisted uricacid and ascorbic acid. PMID:25084597

  3. Characterization of films based on chitosan lactate and its blends with oxidized starch and gelatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalczyk, Dariusz; Kordowska-Wiater, Monika; Nowak, Jakub; Baraniak, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of chitosan lactate (CHL) was tested against bacteria and phytopathogenic fungi. Then, the structural, physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of films based on CHL, oxidized potato starch (OPS), and gelatin (GEL) were investigated. With the exception of Rhizopus nigricans, CHL was effective against the target organisms. Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus) were more sensitive to CHL than Gram-negative bacteria (Pectobacterium carotovorum and Escherichia coli). Cryo-SEM images showed total miscibility between the polymers in the blends and the ATR-FTIR spectra revealed that there was an interaction among the polymeric components. Pure CHL films displayed the highest moisture content (25.51%), water vapor permeability (48.78gmmm(-2)d(-1)kPa(-1)), and the lowest tensile and puncture strength (2.00 and 1.45MPa, respectively) among the studied films. CHL50/GEL50 films had lower permeability, higher mechanical strength, and lower elongation compared to CHL50/OPS50 films. Films obtained from CHL and CHL50/GEL50 were completely water-soluble and did not show sorbitol recrystallization. The incorporation of CHL into OPS and GEL films did not affect their transparency and improved UV-blocking capacity. CHL films were the only ones that exhibited antibacterial efficiency. Antifungal activities against Alternaria alternata and Monilinia fructigena were detected for CHL and CHL50/GEL50 films. PMID:25841370

  4. Chitosan-gum arabic polyelectrolyte complex films: physicochemical, mechanical and mucoadhesive properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakloetsakun, Duangkamon; Preechagoon, Detpon; Bernkop-Schnürch, Andreas; Pongjanyakul, Thaned

    2016-08-01

    By blending chitosan (CS) and gum arabic (GA), a powerful biomaterial complex might be obtained due to the unique properties of CS and the low viscosity and good emulsifying properties of GA. The objectives of this study were to prepare and examine the properties of dispersions and films of CS and GA as a function of the mixing weight ratio, pH value and molecular weight of CS. The dispersions were characterized by turbidity, zeta potential and cytotoxicity and then the dispersions were cast into films. Physicochemical properties of the film were performed. CS-GA dispersions exhibited higher turbidity and a lower zeta potential with an increase in the GA ratio. Continuous films of the CS-GA could be formed at all ratios. CS and GA could molecularly interact via electrostatic forces and intermolecular hydrogen bonding. The CS-GA (1:0.5) films exhibited relatively low water uptake, erosion, water vapor permeability and puncture strength compared to the CS films. Furthermore, the CS-GA films demonstrated good mucoadhesive properties, allowing for adhesion to the mucosal membrane. Based on these results, it could be advantageous to use CS-GA films as film formers for the formulation of coatings and drug delivery systems. PMID:25886079

  5. Structural properties of films and rheology of film-forming solutions of chitosan gallate for food packaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chunhua; Tian, Jinhu; Li, Shan; Wu, Tiantian; Hu, Yaqin; Chen, Shiguo; Sugawara, Tatsuya; Ye, Xingqian

    2016-08-01

    The chitosan gallates (CG) were obtained by free-radical-initiated grafting of gallic acid (GA) onto chitosan (CS) in this work. The chemical structures of the CG were corroborated by UV-vis, GPC and (1)H NMR analysis. The grafting reaction was accompanied with a degradation of the CS molecule. The shear-thinning flow behavior of CG film-forming solutions (CG FFS) decreased with the grafting amount of GA into CS chain, while the CG FFS grafted at a lower GA value behaved like a networks containing entangled or cross-linked polymer chains with a more elastic behavior. The increasing of GA grafting onto the CS chain led to a reduction of tensile strength, elongation at break and water resistance in the corresponding films, but increases in the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were observed. The microstructure of the film was investigated using scanning electron and atomic force microscope, and the results were closely related to the observed film properties. PMID:27112845

  6. Investigation of Structure and Properties of Biodegradable Compositions of Polylactide with Ethyl Cellulose and Chitosan Plasticized by Poly(Ethylene Glycol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogovina Svetlana Zakharovna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Compositions of polylactide (PLA with polysaccharides ethyl cellulose and chitosan are obtained at different initial ratios of components under conditions of shear deformation in a Brabender mixer. It has been shown that the addition of a given amount of low-molecular poly(ethylene glycol (PEG leads to an increase in the elongation of rigid polysaccharide–PLA compositions. The influence of molecular weight and amount of PEG on the thermal behavior of PLA is investigated by DSC method. The biodegradability of films prepared from the blends under investigation is estimated by weight loss after holding in soil and tests on the fungus resistance, and it is shown that the compositions have good biodegradability. The changes in the film morphology after holding in soil revealed by the SEM method additionally confirm that compositions are subjected to biodegradation.

  7. Starch-based Antimicrobial Films Incorporated with Lauric Acid and Chitosan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salleh, E.; Muhamad, I. I.

    2010-03-01

    Antimicrobial (AM) packaging is one of the most promising active packaging systems. Starch-based film is considered an economical material for antimicrobial packaging. This study aimed at the development of food packaging based on wheat starch incorporated with lauric acid and chitosan as antimicrobial agents. The purpose is to restrain or inhibit the growth of spoilage and/or pathogenic microorganisms that are contaminating foods. The antimicrobial effect was tested on B. substilis and E. coli. Inhibition of bacterial growth was examined using two methods, i.e. zone of inhibition test on solid media and liquid culture test (optical density measurements). The control and AM films (incorporated with chitosan and lauric acid) were produced by casting method. From the observations, AM films exhibited inhibitory zones. Interestingly, a wide clear zone on solid media was observed for B. substilis growth inhibition whereas inhibition for E. coli was not as effective as B. substilis. From the liquid culture test, the AM films clearly demonstrated a better inhibition against B. substilis than E. coli.

  8. Chitosan-bound pyridinedicarboxylate Ni(II) and Fe(III) complex biopolymer films as waste water decyanidation agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adewuyi, Sheriff; Jacob, Julianah Modupe; Olaleye, Oluwatoyin Omolola; Abdulraheem, Taofiq Olanrewaju; Tayo, Jubril Ayopo; Oladoyinbo, Fatai Oladipupo

    2016-10-20

    Chitosan is a biopolymer with immense structural advantage for chemical and mechanical modifications to generate novel properties, functions and applications. This work depicts new pyridinedicarboxylicacid (PDC) crosslinked chitosan-metal ion films as veritable material for cyanide ion removal from aqueous solution. The PDC-crosslinked chitosan-metal films (PDC-Chit-Ni(II) and PDC-Chit-Fe(III)) were formed by complexing PDC-crosslinked chitosan film with anhydrous nickel(II) and iron(III) chloride salts respectively. The PDC-Chit and its metal films were characterized employing various analytical and spectroscopic techniques. The FT-IR, UV-vis and the XRD results confirm the presence of the metal ions in the metal coordinated PDC-crosslinked chitosan film. The surface morphological difference of PDC-Chit-Ni(II) film before and after decyanidation was explored with scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, the quantitative amount of nickel(II) and iron(III) present in the complex were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer as 32.3 and 37.2μg/g respectively which portends the biopolymer film as a good complexing agent. Removal of cyanide from aqueous solution with PDC-Chit, PDC-Chit-Ni(II) and PDC-Chit-Fe(III) films was studied with batch equilibrium experiments. At equilibrium, decyanidation capacity (DC) followed the order PDC-Chit-Ni (II)≈PDC-Chit-Fe(III)>PDC-Chit. PDC-Chit-Ni(II) film gave 100% CN(-) removal within 40min decyanidation owing to favorable coordination geometry. PMID:27474675

  9. Radiation synthesis of gelatin/CM-chitosan/β-tricalcium phosphate composite scaffold for bone tissue engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of biodegradable composite scaffolds was fabricated from an aqueous solution of gelatin, carboxymethyl chitosan (CM-chitosan) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) by radiation-induced crosslinking at ambient temperature. Ultrasonic treatment on the polymer solutions significantly influenced the distribution of β-TCP particles. An ultrasonic time of 20 min, followed by 30 kGy irradiation induced a crosslinked scaffold with homogeneous distribution of β-TCP particles, interconnected porous structure, sound swelling capacity and mechanical strength. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction analysis indicated that β-TCP successfully incorporated with the network of gelatin and CM-chitosan. In vivo implantation of the scaffold into the mandible of beagle dog revealed that the scaffolds had excellent biocompatibility and the presence of β-TCP can accelerate bone regeneration. The comprehensive results of this study paved way for the application of gelatin/CM-chitosan/β-TCP composite scaffolds as candidate of bone tissue engineering material. - Highlights: ► Radiation induced a crosslinked scaffold with interconnected porous structure. ► Ultrasonic time of 20 min led to homogenerously distribution of β-TCP. ► Increasing amount of β-TCP would restrict the swelling properties. ► Proper fraction of β-TCP will promote the mechanical properties of the scaffolds. ► Hybrid of β-TCP promoted the bone regeneration of the mandibles of beagle dogs.

  10. Radiation synthesis of gelatin/CM-chitosan/{beta}-tricalcium phosphate composite scaffold for bone tissue engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou Ying [College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Center for Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Xu Ling, E-mail: lingxu@pku.edu.cn [College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Center for Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Zhang Xiangmei; Zhao Yinghui [Center for Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wei Shicheng, E-mail: sc-wei@pku.edu.cn [Center for Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Peking University, Beijing 100081 (China); Zhai Maolin [Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

    2012-05-01

    A series of biodegradable composite scaffolds was fabricated from an aqueous solution of gelatin, carboxymethyl chitosan (CM-chitosan) and {beta}-tricalcium phosphate ({beta}-TCP) by radiation-induced crosslinking at ambient temperature. Ultrasonic treatment on the polymer solutions significantly influenced the distribution of {beta}-TCP particles. An ultrasonic time of 20 min, followed by 30 kGy irradiation induced a crosslinked scaffold with homogeneous distribution of {beta}-TCP particles, interconnected porous structure, sound swelling capacity and mechanical strength. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction analysis indicated that {beta}-TCP successfully incorporated with the network of gelatin and CM-chitosan. In vivo implantation of the scaffold into the mandible of beagle dog revealed that the scaffolds had excellent biocompatibility and the presence of {beta}-TCP can accelerate bone regeneration. The comprehensive results of this study paved way for the application of gelatin/CM-chitosan/{beta}-TCP composite scaffolds as candidate of bone tissue engineering material. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Radiation induced a crosslinked scaffold with interconnected porous structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ultrasonic time of 20 min led to homogenerously distribution of {beta}-TCP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Increasing amount of {beta}-TCP would restrict the swelling properties. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Proper fraction of {beta}-TCP will promote the mechanical properties of the scaffolds. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hybrid of {beta}-TCP promoted the bone regeneration of the mandibles of beagle dogs.

  11. Chitosan-based electrospun nanofibrous mats, hydrogels and cast films: novel anti-bacterial wound dressing matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahzad, Sohail; Yar, Muhammad; Siddiqi, Saadat Anwar; Mahmood, Nasir; Rauf, Abdul; Qureshi, Zafar-ul-Ahsan; Anwar, Muhammad Sabieh; Afzaal, Shahida

    2015-03-01

    The development of highly efficient anti-bacterial wound dressings was carried out. For this purpose nanofibrous mats, hydrogels and films were synthesized from chitosan, poly(vinyl alcohol) and hydroxyapatite. The physical/chemical interactions of the synthesized materials were evaluated by FTIR. The morphology, structure; average diameter and pore size of the materials were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. The hydrogels showed a greater degree of swelling as compared to nanofibrous mats and films in phosphate buffer saline solution of pH 7.4. The in vitro drug release studies showed a burst release during the initial period of 4 h and then a sustained release profile was observed in the next upcoming 20 h. The lyophilized hydrogels showed a more slow release as compared to nanofibrous mats and films. Antibacterial potential of drug released solutions collected after 24 h of time interval was determined and all composite matrices showed good to moderate activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains respectively. To determine the cytotoxicity, cell culture was performed for various cefixime loaded substrates by using neutral red dye uptake assay and all the matrices were found to be non-toxic. PMID:25716023

  12. Eucalyptus oil nanoemulsion-impregnated chitosan film: antibacterial effects against a clinical pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus, in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugumar S

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Saranya Sugumar, Amitava Mukherjee, Natarajan Chandrasekaran Centre for Nanobiotechnology, VIT University, Vellore, India Abstract: Eucalyptus oil (Eucalyptus globulus nanoemulsion was formulated using low- and high-energy emulsification methods. Development of nanoemulsion was optimized for system parameters such as emulsifier type, emulsifier concentration, and emulsification methods to obtain a lower droplet size with greater stability. The minimized droplet diameter was achieved using the high-energy method of ultrasonication. Tween 80 was more effective in reducing droplet size and emulsion appearance when compared to Tween 20. Stable nanoemulsion was formulated with Tween 80 as a surfactant, and the particle size was found to be 9.4 nm (1:2 v/v. The eucalyptus oil nanoemulsion was impregnated into chitosan (1% as a biopolymer in varying concentrations. Further, the film was characterized by moisture content, microscopic study, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Also, the film with and without nanoemulsion was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus. The nanoemulsion-impregnated chitosan film showed higher antibacterial activity than chitosan film. These results support the inclusion of nanoemulsion-impregnated chitosan film in wound management studies. Keywords: essential oil, emulsion, biopolymer, impregnation, thin film, wound isolate

  13. Surface reconstruction by a "grafting through" approach: polyacrylamide grafted onto chitosan film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Elza; Sidorenko, Alexander

    2013-10-01

    Grafted polymers and polymer brushes in particular have attracted significant attention in the last 2 decades as a way to alter and control interfacial properties. In the case of polymer brushes on solid substrates, a high grafting density of polymer chains results in stretching of the polymer coils normal to the substrate surface due to the effect of excluded volume. In this study, polyacrylamide is grafted to the surface of relatively soft thin films of chitosan. The "grafting through" approach is used by introducing double C═C bonds to amino groups of chitosan. The acquired kinetic data of grafting along with AFM and ellipsometry characterization suggest that the chitosan substrate undergoes surface reconstruction during the grafting of PAAm and simultaneously induces PAAm growth inside the soft substrate. As a result, much higher amounts of grafted polymer are achieved in comparison to traditional hard substrates like silicon or glass. Additionally, selective plasma etching of PAAm reveals filament-like structures oriented normal to the surface. PMID:24024703

  14. Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Hydration Effects on Solvation, Diffusivity, and Permeability in Chitosan/Chitin Films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonnell, Marshall T; Greeley, Duncan A; Kit, Kevin M; Keffer, David J

    2016-09-01

    The effects of hydration on the solvation, diffusivity, solubility, and permeability of oxygen molecules in sustainable, biodegradable chitosan/chitin food packaging films were studied via molecular dynamics and confined random walk simulations. With increasing hydration, the membrane has a more homogeneous water distribution with the polymer chains being fully solvated. The diffusivity increased by a factor of 4 for oxygen molecules and by an order of magnitude for water with increasing the humidity. To calculate the Henry's constant and solubility of oxygen in the membranes with changing hydration, the excess chemical potential was calculated via free energy perturbation, thermodynamic integration and direct particle deletion methods. The simulations predicted a higher solubility and permeability for the lower humidity, in contradiction to experimental results. All three methods for calculating the solubility were in good agreement. It was found that the Coulombic interactions in the potential caused the oxygen to bind too strongly to the protonated amine group. Insight from this work will help guide molecular modeling of chitosan/chitin membranes, specifically permeability measurements for small solute molecules. Efforts to chemically tailor chitosan/chitin membranes to favor discrete as opposed to continuous aqueous domains could reduce oxygen permeability. PMID:27487964

  15. 3D composites based on the blends of chitosan and collagen with the addition of hyaluronic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sionkowska, Alina; Kaczmarek, Beata; Lewandowska, Katarzyna; Grabska, Sylwia; Pokrywczyńska, Marta; Kloskowski, Tomasz; Drewa, Tomasz

    2016-08-01

    3D porous composites based on blends of chitosan, collagen and hyaluronic acid were obtained through the lyophilization process. Mechanical properties, swelling behavior and thermal stability of the blends were studied. Moreover, SEM images were taken and the structure of the blends was studied. Biological properties of the materials obtained were investigated by analyzing of proliferation rate of fibroblast cells incubated with biomaterial extract using MTT assay (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide). The results showed that the properties of 3D composites based on the blends of chitosan and collagen were altered after the addition 1%, 2% and 5% of hyaluronic acid. Mechanical properties and thermal stability of chitosan/collagen blends were improved in the presence of hyaluronic acid in the composite. New 3D materials based on the blends of chitosan, collagen and hyaluronic acid were non-toxic and did not significantly affect cell morphology. PMID:27151670

  16. Synthesis and anti-fungal effect of silver nanoparticles–chitosan composite particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang LS

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Lung-Shuo Wang,1–4 Chih-Yu Wang,2 Chih-Hui Yang,5 Chen-Ling Hsieh,3,5 Szu-Yu Chen,3,5 Chi-Yen Shen,1 Jia-Jung Wang,2 Keng-Shiang Huang3 1Department of Electrical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3The School of Chinese Medicine for Post-Baccalaureate, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 4Department of Chinese Medicine, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 5Department of Biological Science and Technology, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Abstract: Silver nanoparticles have been used in various fields, and several synthesis processes have been developed. The stability and dispersion of the synthesized nanoparticles is vital. The present article describes a novel approach for one-step synthesis of silver nanoparticles–embedded chitosan particles. The proposed approach was applied to simultaneously obtain and stabilize silver nanoparticles in a chitosan polymer matrix in-situ. The diameter of the synthesized chitosan composite particles ranged from 1.7 mm to 2.5 mm, and the embedded silver nanoparticles were measured to be 15±3.3 nm. Further, the analyses of ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction were employed to characterize the prepared composites. The results show that the silver nanoparticles were distributed over the surface and interior of the chitosan spheres. The fabricated spheres had macroporous property, and could be used for many applications such as fungicidal agents in the future. Keywords: silver, nanoparticles, chitosan, anti-fungal

  17. Synthesis of magnetite/graphene oxide/chitosan composite and its application for protein adsorption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ye, Nengsheng, E-mail: yensh@cnu.edu.cn; Xie, Yali; Shi, Pengzhi; Gao, Ting; Ma, Jichao

    2014-12-01

    In this study, a facile and novel strategy was developed to fabricate magnetite/graphene oxide/chitosan (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/GO/CS) composite, and the composite was used as a magnetic adsorbent for the enrichment of protein, and followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis. The phase composition, chemical structure and morphology of the composite were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electronic microscope (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Protein cytochrome c was chosen as model target to evaluate the adsorptive property of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/GO/CS. After enrichment procedure and magnetic separation, protein bounded with the material was analyzed by MALDI-TOF MS without desorption. The results indicated that Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/GO/CS composite exhibited a good adsorptive capacity for protein, and Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/GO/CS composite had a promising potential in magnetic separation research. - Highlights: • Magnetite/graphene oxide/chitosan composite was synthesized by novel route. • The composite was used as magnetic absorbent for protein enrichment. • The composite had excellent adsorption performance for protein enrichment.

  18. A novel squid pen chitosan/hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate composite for bone tissue engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Squid pen chitosan was used in the fabrication of biocomposite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Hydroxyapatite (HA) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) obtained from waste mussel shells were used as the calcium phosphate source. The composite was prepared using 2.5% tripolyphosphate (TPP) and 1% glycerol as a cross-linker and plasticizer, respectively. The weight percent (wt.%) ratios of the ceramic components in the composite were 20/10/70, 30/20/50 and 40/30/30 (HA/β-TCP/Chi). The biodegradation rate and structural properties of the scaffolds were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microCT(μCT) results indicated that the composites have a well defined lamellar structure with an average pore size of 200 μm. The porosity of the composites decreased from 88 to 56% by increasing the ratio of HA/β-TCP from 30 to 70%. After 28 days of incubation in a physiological solution, the scaffolds were degraded by approximately 30%. In vitro investigations showed that the composites were cytocompatible and supported the growth of L929 and Saos-2 cells. The obtained data suggests that the squid pen chitosan composites are potential candidates for bone regeneration. - Highlights: • Biocomposite scaffolds were made from mussel shells HA and β-TCP, and squid pin chitosan. • The porosity of the composites decreased with an increase in HA/β-TCP ratio. • Composites were cytocompatible and supported the growth of L929 and Saos-2 cells. • Composite containing 50% HA and β-TCP had the best mechanical properties

  19. A novel squid pen chitosan/hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate composite for bone tissue engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shavandi, Amin, E-mail: amin.shavandi@postgrad.otago.ac.nz [Department of Food Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin (New Zealand); Department of Applied Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin (New Zealand); Bekhit, Alaa El-Din A. [Department of Food Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin (New Zealand); Sun, Zhifa; Ali, Azam [Department of Physics, University of Otago, Dunedin (New Zealand); Gould, Maree [Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin (New Zealand)

    2015-10-01

    Squid pen chitosan was used in the fabrication of biocomposite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Hydroxyapatite (HA) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) obtained from waste mussel shells were used as the calcium phosphate source. The composite was prepared using 2.5% tripolyphosphate (TPP) and 1% glycerol as a cross-linker and plasticizer, respectively. The weight percent (wt.%) ratios of the ceramic components in the composite were 20/10/70, 30/20/50 and 40/30/30 (HA/β-TCP/Chi). The biodegradation rate and structural properties of the scaffolds were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microCT(μCT) results indicated that the composites have a well defined lamellar structure with an average pore size of 200 μm. The porosity of the composites decreased from 88 to 56% by increasing the ratio of HA/β-TCP from 30 to 70%. After 28 days of incubation in a physiological solution, the scaffolds were degraded by approximately 30%. In vitro investigations showed that the composites were cytocompatible and supported the growth of L929 and Saos-2 cells. The obtained data suggests that the squid pen chitosan composites are potential candidates for bone regeneration. - Highlights: • Biocomposite scaffolds were made from mussel shells HA and β-TCP, and squid pin chitosan. • The porosity of the composites decreased with an increase in HA/β-TCP ratio. • Composites were cytocompatible and supported the growth of L929 and Saos-2 cells. • Composite containing 50% HA and β-TCP had the best mechanical properties.

  20. Development of chitosan supported zirconium(IV) tungstophosphate composite for fluoride removal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new biocomposite was prepared by incorporating inorganic ion exchanger namely zirconium(IV) tungstophosphate (ZrWP) into the chitosan biopolymeric matrix. The sorption behaviour of fluoride from aqueous solutions by this ZrWP/chitosan (ZrWPCs) composite has been investigated by batch technique. The fluoride sorption was studied as a function of contact time, pH, initial fluoride concentration, competing co-ions and temperature. The defluoridation capacity (DC) of the adsorbent was found to be 2025 mgF- kg-1. The composite was characterized using FTIR and SEM with EDAX analysis. The equilibrium sorption data were fitted to Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. The kinetics of sorption was found to follow pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion models. The values of thermodynamic parameters indicate the nature of sorption is spontaneous and endothermic. The biocomposite was successfully used for the removal of fluoride from the field water taken in a nearby fluoride endemic village.

  1. Screen Printed PZT Thick Films Using Composite Film Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Dorey, R; Whatmore, R; Beeby, S. P.; Torah, R; White, N.

    2003-01-01

    A spin coating composite sol gel technique for producing lead zirconate titanate (PZT) thick films has been modified for use with screen printing techniques. The resulting screen printing technique can be used to produce 10 ?m thick films in a single print. The resultant films are porous but the density can be increased through the use of repeated sol infiltration/pyrolysis treatments to yield a high density film. When fired at 710°C the composite screen printed films have dielectric and piez...

  2. Growth of apatite on chitosan-multiwall carbon nanotube composite membranes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang Jun; Yao Zhiwen [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, No 14, 3rd Section South People' s Road, Chengdu 610041 (China); Tang Changyu [Department of Polymer Science and Materials, Sichuan University (China); Darvell, B.W. [Dental Materials Science, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Zhang Hualin; Pan Lingzhan; Liu Jingsong [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, No 14, 3rd Section South People' s Road, Chengdu 610041 (China); Chen Zhiqing, E-mail: yangj0710@gmail.com [State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China College of Stomatology, Sichuan University, No 14, 3rd Section South People' s Road, Chengdu 610041 (China)

    2009-07-30

    Bioactive membranes for guided tissue regeneration would be of value for periodontal therapy. Chitosan-multiwall carbon nanotube (CS-MWNT) composites were treated to deposit nanoscopic apatite for MWNT proportions of 0-4 mass%. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, and X-ray diffraction were used for characterization. Apatite was formed on the CS-MWNT composites at low MWNT concentrations, but the dispersion of the MWNT affects the crystallite size and the Ca/P molar ratio of the composite. The smallest crystallite size was 9 nm at 1 mass% MWNT.

  3. Effect of chitosan/type I collagen/gelatin composites in biocompatibility and nerve repair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing Wang; Xiaolei Yang; Ming Ren; Yulin Hu; Qiang Chen; Lei Xing; Chunyang Meng; Tiemei Liu

    2012-01-01

    Chitosan, collagen I and gelatin were mixed in appropriate quantities to develop a new nerve repair material, with good arrangement and structure, as well as even aperture size. The composite material was sterilized by 60Co irradiation for 24 hours prior to implantation in the right thigh of rats following sciatic nerve damage. Results showed that the material was nontoxic to the kidneys and the liver, and did not induce an inflammatory response in the muscles. The composite material enhanced the recovery of sciatic nerve damage in rats. These experimental findings indicate that the composite material offers good biocompatibility and has a positive effect on injured nerve rehabilitation.

  4. Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide–chitosan composite particles for the treatment of lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arya N

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Neha Arya, Dhirendra S Katti Department of Biological Sciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology – Kanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India Abstract: Tumor heterogeneity makes combination chemotherapy one of the preferred modes of treatment regimens. In this work, sequential exposure of two anticancer agents, paclitaxel (Tx followed by topotecan (TPT, was shown to have a synergistic effect on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC cell line, NCI-H460. In order to improve patient compliance, the aforementioned concept was translated into a drug delivery system comprising of poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA–chitosan composite particles. TPT-containing chitosan micro-/nanoparticles were prepared by the facile technique of electrospraying and encapsulated within PLGA microparticles using emulsion-solvent evaporation technique for delayed release of TPT. The formulation containing Tx- and TPT-loaded composite particles demonstrated synergism when exposed to NCI-H460 cellular aggregates (tumoroids generated in vitro. Overall, the results of this study demonstrated the potential of the formulation containing Tx and PLGA–chitosan (TPT-loaded composite particles for the treatment of lung cancer. Keywords: drug delivery system, solid tumor, paclitaxel, topotecan, sequential admini­stration

  5. Development and characterization of bilayer films of FucoPol and chitosan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Ana R V; Torres, Cristiana A V; Freitas, Filomena; Sevrin, Chantal; Grandfils, Christian; Reis, Maria A M; Alves, Vítor D; Coelhoso, Isabel M

    2016-08-20

    Bilayer films of FucoPol and chitosan were prepared and characterized in terms of optical, morphologic, hygroscopic, mechanical and barrier properties, to evaluate their potential application in food packaging. Bilayer films have shown dense and homogeneous layers, and presented enhanced properties when comparing to monolayer FucoPol films. Though, a high swelling degree in contact with liquid water (263.3%) and a high water vapour permeability (0.75×10(-11)mol/msPa), typical of polysaccharide films, was still observed. However, they presented a low permeability to O2 and CO2 (0.47×10(-16)molm/m(2)sPa and 5.8×10(-16)molm/m(2)sPa, respectively). Tensile tests revealed a flexible and resistant film with an elongation at break of 38% and an elastic modulus of 137MPa. The studied properties, in particular the excellent barrier to gases, impart these bilayer films potential to be used in packaging of low moisture content products, as well as in multilayered hydrophobic/hydrophilic/hydrophobic barriers for food products with a broader range of water content. PMID:27178903

  6. The Effects of pH and Temperature on the Nanostructure of Chitosan Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna, Ramona; Touhami, Ahmed

    Developing a matrix that can mimic tissue-like environment for cell cultures and molecular studies can help reduce the loss of some cell functions that occur when investigations are performed in vitro. Of particular interest is chitosan (CS): abundant and renewable biopolymer that is also biodegradable and non-toxic. The present study focuses on synthesizing CS films under various conditions and for multiple applications. We are using several techniques to characterize the physicochemical properties of the synthesized films. The contact angle technique is used to determine the hydrophobicity, hydrophilicity, and the surface free energy. The atomic force microscopy is used to determine the nanostructure, and nanomechanical properties. Here we specifically investigated the effect of the pH and the temperature on the nanostructure of the CS films. AFM images showed remarkable changes in the surface nanostructures that increase the roughness of the films when the pH of the solution increases. However, the surface free energy of these films has not shown any significant changes with the pH. By investigating the properties of these films, the needed biomaterial platform for a specific biological system can be designed and manipulated to increase its performance and lifetime. Supported by: NSF and MBRS RISE Program.

  7. Transparent bionanocomposite films based on chitosan and TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers with enhanced mechanical and barrier properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soni, Bhawna; Hassan, El Barbary; Schilling, M Wes; Mahmoud, Barakat

    2016-10-20

    The development of biobased active films for use in food packaging is increasing due to low cost, environmental appeal, renewability and availability. The objective of this research was to develop an effective and complete green approach for the production of bionanocomposite films with enhanced mechanical and barrier properties. This was accomplished by incorporating TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical) into a chitosan matrix. An aqueous suspension of chitosan (100-75wt%), sorbitol (25wt%) and TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TEMPO-CNFs, 0-25wt%) were cast in an oven at 40°C for 2-4days. Films were preconditioned at 25°C and 50% RH for characterization. The surface morphology of the films was revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The thermal properties and crystal structure of the films were evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA-DTG) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Incorporation of TEMPO-CNFs enhanced the mechanical strength of the films due to the high aspect ratio (3-20nm width, and 10-100nm length) of TEMPO-CNFs and strong interactions with the chitosan matrix. Oxygen and water vapor transmission rates for films that are prepared with chitosan and TEMPO-CNFs (15-25wt%) were significantly reduced. Furthermore, these bionanocomposite films had good thermal stability. Use of TEMPO-CNFs in this method makes it possible to produce bionanocomposite films that are flexible, transparent, and thus have potential in food packaging applications. PMID:27474625

  8. Chelating efficiency and thermal, mechanical and decay resistance performances of chitosan copper complex in wood-polymer composites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, John Z; Duan, Xinfang; Wu, Qinglin; Lian, Kun

    2008-09-01

    Wood-polymer composites (WPC) have been extensively used for building products, outdoor decking, automotive, packaging materials, and other applications. WPC is subject to fungal and termite attacks due to wood components enveloped in the thermoplastic matrix. Much effort has been made to improve decay resistance of WPC using zinc borate and other chemicals. In this study, chitosan copper complex (CCC) compounds were used as a potential preservative for wood-HDPE composites. CCC was formulated by reacting chitosan with copper salts under controlled conditions. Inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analytical results indicated that chitosan had high chelating efficiency with copper cations. CCC-treated wood-HDPE composites had a thermal behavior similar to untreated and zinc borate-treated wood-HDPE composites. Incorporation of CCC in wood-HDPE composites did not significantly influence board density of the resultant composites, but had a negative effect on tensile strength at high CCC concentration. In comparison with solid wood and the untreated wood-HDPE composites, 3% CCC-treated wood-HDPE composites significantly improved the decay resistance against white rot fungus Trametes versicolor and brown rot fungus Gloeophyllum trabeum. Especially, CCC-treated wood-HDPE composites were more effectively against the brown rot than the untreated and chitosan-treated wood-HDPE composites. Moreover, CCC-treated wood-HDPE composites performed well as zinc borate-treated wood-HDPE composites on fungal decay resistance. Accordingly, CCC can be effectively used as a preservative for WPC. PMID:18248812

  9. Silver nanoparticle-loaded chitosan-starch based films: Fabrication and evaluation of tensile, barrier and antimicrobial properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fabrication of silver nanoparticles was accomplished by γ-ray irradiation reduction of silver nitrate in a chitosan solution. The obtained nanoparticles were stable in the solution for more than six months, and showed the characteristic surface plasmon band at 411 nm as well as a positively charged surface with 40.4 ± 2.0 mV. The silver nanoparticles presented a spherical shape with an average size of 20-25 nm, as observed by TEM. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against E. coli, S. aureus and B. cereus of the silver nanoparticles dispersed in the γ-ray irradiated chitosan solution was 5.64 μg/mL. The silver nanoparticle-loaded chitosan-starch based films were prepared by a solution casting method. The incorporation of silver nanoparticles led to a slight improvement of the tensile and oxygen gas barrier properties of the polysaccharide-based films, with diminished water vapor/moisture barrier properties. In addition, silver nanoparticle-loaded films exhibited enhanced antimicrobial activity against E. coli, S. aureus and B. cereus. The results suggest that silver nanoparticle-loaded chitosan-starch based films can be feasibly used as antimicrobial materials for food packaging and/or biomedical applications.

  10. Physicochemical, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Chitosan Films Incorporated with Carvacrol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia E. Burruel-Ibarra

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan films (CF with carvacrol (CAR [0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% v/v] were prepared by the emulsion method. The retained CAR, water solubility, water vapor permeability (WVP, optical, mechanical properties, antibacterial and antioxidant capacity of films were analyzed. The results indicate that the retention of CAR in the CF was ≈50%. The incorporation of CAR to CF decreased the water solubility, the WVP, the yellowing and transparency and the tensile strength, but increased the stiffness. Microcapsules with diameters of 2 to 7 µm were found on the surface CF-CAR. The CF-CAR with highest CAR concentrations showed antibacterial activity against S. typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7. The CF-CAR had higher antioxidant capacity and an increased protective effect against oxidation of erythrocytes in different grades. These results suggest potential applications of CF-CAR as active packaging to preserve food products.

  11. Amplified immunosensing based on ionic liquid-doped chitosan film as a matrix and Au nanoparticle decorated graphene nanosheets as labels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang Yanchun [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038 (China); Dong Shiwu [Biomechanics laboratory, Department of Anatomy, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038 (China); Shen Tao [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038 (China); Jian Congxiang [Department of Stomatolog, General Hospital of Chengdu Military Region, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610083 (China); Chang Huijun; Li Ying [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038 (China); Zhou Jixiang, E-mail: zhoujixiang2010@gmail.com [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038 (China)

    2011-07-01

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: > A novel redox film was constructed by doping the Ionic liquid (IL) to ferrocene-branched chitosan composite with good electric conductivity, redox reversibility and biocompatibility. > The Au nanoparticle decorated graphene nanosheets were prepared by a one-pot method in an aqueous-phase synthesis and were provided with a large surface area and multiple binding sites to allow high accessibility for the immobilization of secondary antibody and horseradish peroxidase. > Based on the sandwich immunoassay format, the electrochemical signal could be amplified and adequately achieved, according to the catalytic reaction of the carried HRP towards the reduction of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} with the aid of the IL and ferrocene synergistic effect. - Abstract: This paper describes a new signal amplification strategy based on ionic liquid-doped chitosan film as a matrix and Au nanoparticle decorated graphene nanosheets (AuNP-graphene) as labels for the sensitivity improvement of an electrochemical immunosensor. At first, an ionic liquid was doped into ferrocene-branched chitosan film to obtain a novel redox composite, which was employed as an antibody immobilization matrix due to its better biocompatibility and higher electron transfer mobility. Then, the AuNP-graphene were prepared by a one-pot method in a aqueous-phase synthesis and were provided with a large surface area and multiple binding sites to allow high accessibility for the immobilization of secondary antibody (Ab2) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Based on the sandwich immunoassay format, the electrochemical signal could be amplified and adequately achieved, according to the catalytic reaction of the carried HRP towards the reduction of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} with the aid of the IL and ferrocene synergistic effect. Using Immunoglobulin G (IgG) as a protein model, a good and repeatable linear relationship was found between the electrical signal outputs and human Ig

  12. Effect of chitosan based active packaging film on the keeping quality of chilled stored barracuda fish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remya, S; Mohan, C O; Bindu, J; Sivaraman, G K; Venkateshwarlu, G; Ravishankar, C N

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, active antimicrobial (AM) packaging films were prepared from chitosan (CH) incorporated with ginger (Zingiber officinale) essential oil at different concentrations (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 % v/v) and characterized. GC-MS analysis revealed zingiberene (22.54 ± 0.13), geranial (12.34 ± 0.33), β-sesquiphellandrene (8.14 ± 0.14), camphene (7.44 ± 0.54) and neral (5.45 ± 0.23) as the major components of essential oil extracted from ginger. Addition of ginger essential oil (GEO) improved the AM activity of the CH film against food borne pathogens, without significantly (p effective against Gram-positive bacteria than Gram-negative bacteria and maximum antibacterial property against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli was shown by 0.3 % GEO added CH film. In a further experiment, steaks of barracuda (Sphyraena jello) fish were wrapped with the CH-GEO (0.3 %) film and stored at 2 °C for 20 days. Throughout the storage period, the total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) value and total mesophilic count of fish steak wrapped with the CH-GEO film were significantly (p < 0.05) lesser than both the unwrapped control fish steak and aerobically packed fish steak in synthetic multilayer film of ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) (nylon, EVOH and polyethylene). Sensorily, CH-GEO film wrapped sample was acceptable till the end of storage for 20 days compared to 12 days for unwrapped control and fish steak packed in EVOH film. The results indicate that the developed CH-GEO film is efficient in extending the storage life of fish. PMID:26787988

  13. Wound Healing Bionanocomposites Based on Castor Oil Polymeric Films Reinforced with Chitosan-Modified ZnO Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díez-Pascual, Ana M; Díez-Vicente, Angel L

    2015-09-14

    Castor oil (CO), which is a readily available, relatively inexpensive, and environmentally benign nonedible oil, has been successfully used as matrix material to prepare biocompatible and biodegradable nanocomposite films filled with chitosan (CS)-modified ZnO nanoparticles. The biocomposites were synthesized via a simple and versatile solution mixing and casting method. The morphology, structure, thermal stability, water absorption, biodegradability, cytocompatibility, barrier, mechanical, viscoelastic, antibacterial, and wound healing properties of the films have been analyzed. FT-IR spectra were used to obtain information about the nanoparticle-matrix interactions. The thermal stability, hydrophilicity, degree of porosity, water absorption, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), oxygen permeability (Dk), and biodegradability of the films increased with the CS-ZnO loading. The WVTR and Dk data obtained are within the range of values reported for commercial wound dressings. Tensile tests demonstrated that the nanocomposites displayed a good balance between elasticity, strength, and flexibility under both dry and simulated body fluid (SBF) environments. The flexibility increased in a moist atmosphere due to the plasticization effect of absorbed water. The nanocomposites also exhibited significantly enhanced dynamic mechanical performance (storage modulus and glass transition temperature) than neat CO under different humidity conditions. The antibacterial activity of the films against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Micrococcus luteus bacteria was investigated in the presence and the absence of UV light. The biocide effect increased progressively with the CS-ZnO content and was systematically stronger against Gram-positive cells. Composites with nanoparticle loading ≤5.0 wt % exhibited very good in vitro cytocompatibility and enabled a faster wound healing than neat CO and control gauze, hence showing great potential to be applied as antibacterial

  14. Fabrication and biocompatibility of poly(l-lactic acid) and chitosan composite scaffolds with hierarchical microstructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Tao; Wang, Xuejun; Yan, Xu; Miao, Yu; Long, Yun-Ze; Yin, Hai-Lei; Sun, Bin; Song, Guojun

    2016-07-01

    The scaffold microstructure is crucial to reconstruct tissue normal functions. In this article, poly(l-lactic acid) and chitosan fiber (PLLA/CTSF) composite scaffolds with hierarchical microstructures both in fiber and pore sizes were successfully fabricated by combining thermal induced phase separation and salt leaching techniques. The composite scaffolds consisted of a nanofibrous PLLA matrix with diameter of 50-500nm, and chitosan fibers with diameter of about 20μm were homogenously distributed in the PLLA matrix as a microsized reinforcer. The composite scaffolds also had high porosity (>94%) and hierarchical pore size, which were consisted of both micropores (50nm-10μm) and macropores (50-300μm). By tailoring the microstructure and chemical composition, the mechanical property, pH buffer and protein adsorption capacity of the composite scaffold were improved significantly compared with those of PLLA scaffold. Cell culture results also revealed that the PLLA/CTSF composite scaffolds supported MG-63 osteoblast proliferation and penetration. PMID:27127062

  15. Biomimetic properties of an injectable chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To meet the challenges of designing an injectable scaffold and regenerating bone with complex three-dimensional (3D) structures, a biomimetic and injectable hydrogel scaffold based on nano-hydroxyapatite (HA), collagen (Col) and chitosan (Chi) is synthesized. The chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen (Chi/HA/Col) solution rapidly forms a stable gel at body temperature. It shows some features of natural bone both in main composition and microstructure. The Chi/HA/Col system can be expected as a candidate for workable systemic minimally invasive scaffolds with surface properties similar to physiological bone based on scanning electron microscopic (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) results.

  16. Preparation and characterization of chitosan/Aloe Vera composite nanofibers generated by electrostatic spinning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Researches on the fabrication of nanostructured based membrane have attracted great attention amongst scientists due to their wide potential applications on medical application. In this work, Chitosan and Aloe Vera sol-gel solution were electrospun using 20 kV DC supply at room temperature. Morphological structure and functional group of nanofibers were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) respectively. The optimum parameter obtained at 90% concentration of acetic acid, 0.3 ml/h of solution flow rate and 10 cm distance of nozzle to collector. The fiber diameters were analyzed using the ImageJ software. Average diameters of the Chitosan/Aloe Vera composite nanofibers is 183nm in ranges of 140–260nm

  17. Development of Bioadhesive Chitosan Superporous Hydrogel Composite Particles Based Intestinal Drug Delivery System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hitesh Chavda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Bioadhesive superporous hydrogel composite (SPHC particles were developed for an intestinal delivery of metoprolol succinate and characterized for density, porosity, swelling, morphology, and bioadhesion studies. Chitosan and HPMC were used as bioadhesive and release retardant polymers, respectively. A 32 full factorial design was applied to optimize the concentration of chitosan and HPMC. The drug loaded bioadhesive SPHC particles were filled in capsule, and the capsule was coated with cellulose acetate phthalate and evaluated for drug content, in vitro drug release, and stability studies. To ascertain the drug release kinetics, the drug release profiles were fitted for mathematical models. The prepared system remains bioadhesive up to eight hours in intestine and showed Hixson-Crowell release with anomalous nonfickian type of drug transport. The application of SPHC polymer particles as a biomaterial carrier opens a new insight into bioadhesive drug delivery system and could be a future platform for other molecules for intestinal delivery.

  18. Preparation and characterization of chitosan/Aloe Vera composite nanofibers generated by electrostatic spinning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Illani; Sekak, Khairunnadim Ahmad; Hasbullah, Norazurean

    2015-08-01

    Researches on the fabrication of nanostructured based membrane have attracted great attention amongst scientists due to their wide potential applications on medical application. In this work, Chitosan and Aloe Vera sol-gel solution were electrospun using 20 kV DC supply at room temperature. Morphological structure and functional group of nanofibers were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) respectively. The optimum parameter obtained at 90% concentration of acetic acid, 0.3 ml/h of solution flow rate and 10 cm distance of nozzle to collector. The fiber diameters were analyzed using the ImageJ software. Average diameters of the Chitosan/Aloe Vera composite nanofibers is 183nm in ranges of 140-260nm.

  19. Preparation and characterization of chitosan/Aloe Vera composite nanofibers generated by electrostatic spinning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ibrahim, Illani; Sekak, Khairunnadim Ahmad; Hasbullah, Norazurean [Center of Physics and Material Studies, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2015-08-28

    Researches on the fabrication of nanostructured based membrane have attracted great attention amongst scientists due to their wide potential applications on medical application. In this work, Chitosan and Aloe Vera sol-gel solution were electrospun using 20 kV DC supply at room temperature. Morphological structure and functional group of nanofibers were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) respectively. The optimum parameter obtained at 90% concentration of acetic acid, 0.3 ml/h of solution flow rate and 10 cm distance of nozzle to collector. The fiber diameters were analyzed using the ImageJ software. Average diameters of the Chitosan/Aloe Vera composite nanofibers is 183nm in ranges of 140–260nm.

  20. Surface grafted chitosan gels. Part I. Molecular insight into the formation of chitosan and poly(acrylic acid) multilayers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Chao; Thormann, Esben; Claesson, Per M.;

    2014-01-01

    Composite polyelectrolyte multilayers of chitosan and low molecular weight poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) have been assembled by sequential adsorption as a first step toward building a surface anchored chitosan gel. Silane chemistry was used to graft the first chitosan layer to prevent film detachment...... and decomposition. The assembly process is characterized by nonlinear growth behavior, with different adsorption kinetics for chitosan and PAA. In situ analysis of the multilayer by means of surface sensitive total internal reflection Raman (TIRR) spectroscopy, combined with target factor analysis of...... steps. The higher molecular weight chitosan shows a similar behavior, although to a much lower extent. Our data demonstrate that the charged monomeric units of chitosan are mainly compensated by carboxylate ions from PAA. Furthermore, the morphology and mechanical properties of the multilayers were...

  1. Modification of Carboxymethyl Chitosan Film by Blending with Poly(benzyl L-glutamate)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) Copolymer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of water-soluble carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS)/poly(benzyl L-glutamate)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (PBLG-b-PEG) blend films with various CMCS/PBLG-b-PEG mol ratios were prepared by pervaporation method. Morphologies of CMCS/PBLG-b-PEG blend films were researched by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Thermal, mechanical, and chemical properties of CMCS/PBLG-b-PEG blend films were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), tensile tests, and contact angle tests. It was revealed that the introduction of PBLG-b-PEG segments could greatly affect the morphology and the properties of CMCS films. (author)

  2. Defluoridation using biomimetically synthesized nano zirconium chitosan composite: Kinetic and equilibrium studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Colloidal Zr nanoparticles, synthesized using Aloe vera extract were entrapped in chitosan beads. • Zr loaded beads were employed for removal of F− ion and showed excellent removal efficiency. • Zr and chitosan are cost effective materials hence can be a good adsorbent for removal of fluoride. - Abstract: The present study reports a novel approach for synthesis of Zr nanoparticles using aqueous extract of Aloe vera. Resulting nanoparticles were embedded into chitosan biopolymer and termed as CNZr composite. The composite was subjected to detailed adsorption studies for removal of fluoride from aqueous solution. The synthesized Zr nanoparticles showed UV–vis absorption peak at 420 nm. TEM result showed the formation of polydispersed, nanoparticles ranging from 18 nm to 42 nm. SAED and XRD analysis suggested an fcc (face centered cubic) Zr crystallites. EDAX analysis suggested that Zr was an integral component of synthesized nanoparticles. FT-IR study indicated that functional group like -NH, -C=O, -C=N and -C=C were involved in particle formation. The adsorption of fluoride on to CNZr composite worked well at pH 7.0, where ∼99% of fluoride was found to be adsorbed on adsorbent. Langmuir isotherm model best fitted the equilibrium data since it presented higher R2 value than Freundlich model. In comparison to pseudo-first order kinetic model, the pseudo-second order model could explain adsorption kinetic behavior of F− onto CNZr composite satisfactorily with a good correlation coefficient. The present study revealed that CNZr composite may work as an effective tool for removal of fluoride from contaminated water

  3. Defluoridation using biomimetically synthesized nano zirconium chitosan composite: Kinetic and equilibrium studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prasad, Kumar Suranjit, E-mail: suranjit@gmail.com [Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Study and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Sciences (ARIBAS), New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, 388121 Gujarat (India); Amin, Yesha, E-mail: yesha_2879@yahoo.co.in [Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Study and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Sciences (ARIBAS), New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, 388121 Gujarat (India); Selvaraj, Kaliaperumal, E-mail: k.selvaraj@ncl.res.in [Nano and Computational Materials Lab, Catalysis Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Pune 411008 (India)

    2014-07-15

    Highlights: • Colloidal Zr nanoparticles, synthesized using Aloe vera extract were entrapped in chitosan beads. • Zr loaded beads were employed for removal of F{sup −} ion and showed excellent removal efficiency. • Zr and chitosan are cost effective materials hence can be a good adsorbent for removal of fluoride. - Abstract: The present study reports a novel approach for synthesis of Zr nanoparticles using aqueous extract of Aloe vera. Resulting nanoparticles were embedded into chitosan biopolymer and termed as CNZr composite. The composite was subjected to detailed adsorption studies for removal of fluoride from aqueous solution. The synthesized Zr nanoparticles showed UV–vis absorption peak at 420 nm. TEM result showed the formation of polydispersed, nanoparticles ranging from 18 nm to 42 nm. SAED and XRD analysis suggested an fcc (face centered cubic) Zr crystallites. EDAX analysis suggested that Zr was an integral component of synthesized nanoparticles. FT-IR study indicated that functional group like -NH, -C=O, -C=N and -C=C were involved in particle formation. The adsorption of fluoride on to CNZr composite worked well at pH 7.0, where ∼99% of fluoride was found to be adsorbed on adsorbent. Langmuir isotherm model best fitted the equilibrium data since it presented higher R{sup 2} value than Freundlich model. In comparison to pseudo-first order kinetic model, the pseudo-second order model could explain adsorption kinetic behavior of F{sup −} onto CNZr composite satisfactorily with a good correlation coefficient. The present study revealed that CNZr composite may work as an effective tool for removal of fluoride from contaminated water.

  4. Highly efficient chromium(VI) adsorption with nanofibrous filter paper prepared through electrospinning chitosan/polymethylmethacrylate composite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhengyang; Li, Tingting; An, Libao; Fu, Pengfei; Gao, Cangjian; Zhang, Zhiming

    2016-02-10

    Chitosan/polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) composite nanofibrous membrane was prepared by electrospinning technique with a single solvent system. Characterization with Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) indicated that there was weak interaction (such as hydrogen bonds) between PMMA and chitosan. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements illustrated that the average diameter of the composite nanofibers decreased as the chitosan content was increased, while the number of nano/micrometer sized beads increased in the membrane. The composite nanofibrous membrane with chitosan:PMMA ratio of 0.3:1.0 exhibited a maximum adsorption capacity (67.0 mg g(-1)) of Cr(VI) in static adsorption, which was nearly three times higher than that of chitosan powder (22.9 mg g(-1)). The adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) via filtration became even higher, where the maximum value was 92.5 mg g(-1) at pH 3.0. Notably, most of Cr(VI) has been removed after the first filtration at all pH values (2.0-6.0) investigated in this report. The adsorption capacity of the composite nanofibrous membrane decreased slightly (17.1%) after three filtration cycles even with the solution of pH 2.0, which shall be attributed to the enhanced mechanical strength and acid fastness of the composite membrane. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicated that amino groups played an important role in the adsorption of Cr(VI). PMID:26686112

  5. Sorption of Cu(II Ions on Chitosan-Zeolite X Composites: Impact of Gelling and Drying Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amal Djelad

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan-zeolite Na-X composite beads with open porosity and different zeolite contents were prepared by an encapsulation method. Preparation conditions had to be optimised in order to stabilize the zeolite network during the polysaccharide gelling process. Composites and pure reference components were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD; scanning electron microscopy (SEM; N2 adsorption–desorption; and thermogravimetric analysis (TG. Cu(II sorption was investigated at pH 6. The choice of drying method used for the storage of the adsorbent severely affects the textural properties of the composite and the copper sorption effectiveness. The copper sorption capacity of chitosan hydrogel is about 190 mg·g−1. More than 70% of this capacity is retained when the polysaccharide is stored as an aerogel after supercrititcal CO2 drying, but nearly 90% of the capacity is lost after evaporative drying to a xerogel. Textural data and Cu(II sorption data indicate that the properties of the zeolite-polysaccharide composites are not just the sum of the properties of the individual components. Whereas a chitosan coating impairs the accessibility of the microporosity of the zeolite; the presence of the zeolite improves the stability of the dispersion of chitosan upon supercritical drying and increases the affinity of the composites for Cu(II cations. Chitosan-zeolite aerogels present Cu(II sorption properties.

  6. A 'green' chitosan silver nanoparticle composite as a heterogeneous as well as micro-heterogeneous catalyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murugadoss, A.; Chattopadhyay, Arun

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we report on the catalytic activity of a new metal nanoparticle-polymer composite consisting of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) and environmentally friendly ('green') chitosan. The polymer (chitosan) not only acted as the reducing agent for the metal ions, but also stabilized the product NPs by anchoring them. The majority of the particles produced in this way had sizes less than 5 nm. The catalytic activity of the composite was investigated photometrically by monitoring the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4NP) in the presence of excess NaBH4 in water, under both heterogeneous and micro-heterogeneous conditions. The reaction was first order with respect to the concentration of 4NP. We also observed that the apparent rate constant, kapp, for the reaction was linearly dependent on the amount of Ag NPs present in the composite. Moreover, the turn-over frequency (TOF) of the catalyst was found to be (1.5 ± 0.3) × 10-3 s-1, when the reaction was carried out under heterogeneous conditions. The Ag NPs in the composite retained their catalytic activities even after using them for ten cycles. Our observations also suggest that the catalytic efficiency under micro-heterogeneous conditions is much higher than under heterogeneous conditions. Thus the composite we have represents an ideal case of an environmentally friendly and stable catalyst, which works under heterogeneous as well as micro-heterogeneous conditions with the advantage of nanoscopic particles as the catalyst.

  7. All Green Composites from Fully Renewable Biopolymers: Chitosan-Starch Reinforced with Keratin from Feathers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia G. Flores-Hernández

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The performance as reinforcement of a fibrillar protein such as feather keratin fiber over a biopolymeric matrix composed of polysaccharides was evaluated in this paper. Three different kinds of keratin reinforcement were used: short and long biofibers and rachis particles. These were added separately at 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt% to the chitosan-starch matrix and the composites were processed by a casting/solvent evaporation method. The morphological characteristics, mechanical and thermal properties of the matrix and composites were studied by scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic mechanical analysis. The thermal results indicated that the addition of keratin enhanced the thermal stability of the composites compared to pure matrix. This was corroborated with dynamic mechanical analysis as the results revealed that the storage modulus of the composites increased with respect to the pure matrix. The morphology, evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, indicated a uniform dispersion of keratin in the chitosan-starch matrix as a result of good compatibility between these biopolymers, also corroborated by FTIR. These results demonstrate that chicken feathers can be useful to obtain novel keratin reinforcements and develop new green composites providing better properties, than the original biopolymer matrix.

  8. A new electrochemical sensor containing a film of chitosan-supported ruthenium: detection and quantification of sildenafil citrate and acetaminophen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delolo, Fabio Godoy; Rodrigues, Claudia; Silva, Monize Martins da; Batista, Alzir Azevedo, E-mail: fabiodelolo@hotmail.com, E-mail: daab@power.ufscar.br [Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos (UFSCar), SP (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica. Lab. de Estrutura e Reatividade de Compostos Inorganicos; Dinelli, Luis Rogerio [Universidade Federal de Uberlandia (UFU), Ituiutaba, MG (Brazil). Faculdade de Ciencias Integradas do Pontal; Delling, Felix Nicolai; Zukerman-Schpector, Julio, E-mail: fabiodelolo@hotmail.com, E-mail: daab@power.ufscar.br [Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos (UFSCar), SP (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica. Lab. de Cristalografia Estereodinamica e Modelagem Molecular

    2014-03-15

    This work presents the construction of a novel electrochemical sensor for detection of organic analytes, using a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with a chitosan-supported ruthenium film. The ruthenium-chitosan film was obtained starting from the mer-[RuCl{sub 3}(dppb)(H{sub 2}O)] complex as a [1,4-bis(diphenylphosphine)butane] (dppb) precursor, and chitosan (QT). The structure of the chitosan-supported ruthenium film on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) techniques. The glassy carbon electrode was modified with a film formed from the evaporation of 5 μL of a solution composed of 5 mg chitosan-supported ruthenium (RuQT) in 10 mL of 0.1 mol L{sup -1} acetic acid. The modified electrode was tested as a sensor for sildenafil citrate (Viagra® 50 mg) and acetaminophen (Tylenol®) detection. The technique utilized for these analyses was differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in 0.1 mol L{sup -1} H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} (pH 1.0) and 0.1 mol L{sup -1} CH{sub 3}COOK (pH 6.5) as supporting electrolyte. All analyses were carried out during a month using the same electrode. The electrode was washed only with water in between the analyses, keeping it in the refrigerator when it was not in use. This electrode was stable during the period utilized showing no degradation and presenting a linear response over the evaluated concentration interval (1.25 × 10{sup -5} to 4.99 × 10{sup -4} mol L{sup -1}). (author)

  9. A new electrochemical sensor containing a film of chitosan-supported ruthenium: detection and quantification of sildenafil citrate and acetaminophen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents the construction of a novel electrochemical sensor for detection of organic analytes, using a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with a chitosan-supported ruthenium film. The ruthenium-chitosan film was obtained starting from the mer-[RuCl3(dppb)(H2O)] complex as a [1,4-bis(diphenylphosphine)butane] (dppb) precursor, and chitosan (QT). The structure of the chitosan-supported ruthenium film on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) techniques. The glassy carbon electrode was modified with a film formed from the evaporation of 5 μL of a solution composed of 5 mg chitosan-supported ruthenium (RuQT) in 10 mL of 0.1 mol L-1 acetic acid. The modified electrode was tested as a sensor for sildenafil citrate (Viagra® 50 mg) and acetaminophen (Tylenol®) detection. The technique utilized for these analyses was differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in 0.1 mol L-1 H2SO4 (pH 1.0) and 0.1 mol L-1 CH3COOK (pH 6.5) as supporting electrolyte. All analyses were carried out during a month using the same electrode. The electrode was washed only with water in between the analyses, keeping it in the refrigerator when it was not in use. This electrode was stable during the period utilized showing no degradation and presenting a linear response over the evaluated concentration interval (1.25 × 10-5 to 4.99 × 10-4 mol L-1). (author)

  10. Chitosan-cellulose composite materials: Preparation, Characterization and application for removal of microcystin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •A novel and recyclable synthetic method using an ionic liquid, a Green Solvent. •Ecocomposite materials were synthesized from cellulose (CEL) and chitosan (CS). •Adding CEL into CS substantially increases tensile strength of the composite. •The composite is much better adsorbent for cyanotoxins than other materials. •The composite can be reused because adsorbed microcystin can be desorbed. -- Abstract: We developed a simple and one-step method to prepare biocompatible composites from cellulose (CEL) and chitosan (CS). [BMIm+Cl−], an ionic liquid (IL), was used as a green solvent to dissolve and prepare the [CEL + CS] composites. Since majority (>88%) of IL used was recovered for reuse by distilling the aqueous washings of [CEL + CS], the method is recyclable. XRD, FTIR, NIR, 13C CP-MAS-NMR and SEM were used to monitor the dissolution and to characterize the composites. The composite was found to have combined advantages of their components: superior mechanical strength (from CEL) and excellent adsorption capability for microcystin-LR, a deadly toxin produced by cyanobacteria (from CS). Specifically, the mechanical strength of the composites increased with CEL loading; e.g., up to 5× increase in tensile strength was achieved by adding 80% of CEL into CS. Kinetic results of adsorption confirm that unique properties of CS remain intact in the composite, i.e., it is not only a very good adsorbent for microcystin but also is better than all other available adsorbents. For example, it can adsorb 4× times more microcystin than the best reported adsorbent. Importantly, the microcystin adsorbed can be quantitatively desorbed to enable the composite to be reused with similar adsorption efficiency

  11. Chitosan-based ultrathin films as antifouling, anticoagulant and antibacterial protective coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulwan, Maria; Wójcik, Kinga; Zapotoczny, Szczepan; Nowakowska, Maria

    2012-01-01

    Ultrathin antifouling and antibacterial protective nanocoatings were prepared from ionic derivatives of chitosan using layer-by-layer deposition methodology. The surfaces of silicon, and glass protected by these nanocoatings were resistant to non-specific adsorption of proteins disregarding their net charges at physiological conditions (positively charged TGF-β1 growth factor and negatively charged bovine serum albumin) as well as human plasma components. The coatings also preserved surfaces from the formation of bacterial (Staphylococcus aureus) biofilm as shown using microscopic studies (SEM, AFM) and the MTT viability test. Moreover, the chitosan-based films adsorbed onto glass surface demonstrated the anticoagulant activity towards the human blood. The antifouling and antibacterial actions of the coatings were correlated with their physicochemical properties. The studied biologically relevant properties were also found to be dependent on the thickness of those nanocoatings. These materials are promising for biomedical applications, e.g., as protective coatings for medical devices, anticoagulant coatings and protective layers in membranes. PMID:21967904

  12. Carboxyl-Functionalized Ionic Liquid Assisted Preparation of Flexible, Transparent, and Luminescent Chitosan Films as Vapor Luminescent Sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Daqing; Wang, Yige; He, Liang; Li, Huanrong

    2016-08-01

    Herein we present a novel method to synthesize flexible self-standing films consisting of europium(III) complexes in nanoclay and chitosan, which are transparent and luminescent. Preparation takes place under aqueous conditions assisted by a carboxyl-functionalized ionic liquid (IL). The latter is used not only as a replacement for acetic acid to dissolve chitosan but, surprisingly, also to enhance the luminescence efficiency of the final films. A brighter luminescence is observed for the films prepared assisted with the ionic liquids compared to those by using acetic acid. The reason is that the ionic liquid used to dissolve chitosan can decrease proton strength on embedded platelets primarily through ion-exchange process and thus can increase the coordination number of europium(III) complexes. Exposure of the films to Et3N vapors can cause a further remarkable luminescence enhancement, while significant luminescence quenching occurred upon exposure to HCl vapors. The films are promising for applications in areas such as optoelectronics and vapor-sensitive luminescent sensors. PMID:27424528

  13. Chitosan-hyaluronic acid/nano silver composite sponges for drug resistant bacteria infected diabetic wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anisha, B S; Biswas, Raja; Chennazhi, K P; Jayakumar, R

    2013-11-01

    The aim of this work was to develop an antimicrobial sponge composed of chitosan, hyaluronic acid (HA) and nano silver (nAg) as a wound dressing for diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) infected with drug resistant bacteria. nAg (5-20 nm) was prepared and characterized. The nanocomposite sponges were prepared by homogenous mixing of chitosan, HA and nAg followed by freeze drying to obtain a flexible and porous structure. The prepared sponges were characterized using SEM and FT-IR. The porosity, swelling, biodegradation and haemostatic potential of the sponges were also studied. Antibacterial activity of the prepared sponges was analysed using Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia. Chitosan-HA/nAg composite sponges showed potent antimicrobial property against the tested organisms. Sponges containing higher nAg (0.005%, 0.01% and 0.02%) concentrations showed antibacterial activity against MRSA. Cytotoxicity and cell attachment studies were done using human dermal fibroblast cells. The nanocomposite sponges showed a nAg concentration dependent toxicity towards fibroblast cells. Our results suggest that this nanocomposite sponges could be used as a potential material for wound dressing for DFU infected with antibiotic resistant bacteria if the optimal concentration of nAg exhibiting antibacterial action with least toxicity towards mammalian cells is identified. PMID:24060281

  14. Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma Combined with Chitosan Biodegradable Film on Full-Thickness Wound Healing in Rat Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Rahim; Mehrtash, Moein; Mehrtash, Moeid; Hassani, Nava; Hassanpour, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) with chitosan biodegradable film on full thickness wound healing in rat. Methods: This was an experimental study being performed in 2015 during a 4-month period. Twenty-four male white Wistar rats were divided into four groups of 12 rats each, randomly: Control group (SHAM) with creation of wounds and no treatment, PRP group with creation of wounds and application of one milliliter PRP, Chitosan group (CHIT) with dressing the wound with chitosan and CHIT/PRP group with application of one mL PRPand dressing the wound with chitosan. The wounds were created by cutting healthy skin.Wound size was measured on 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 post surgery and was compared between groups. Results: Reduction in wound area, hydroxyproline contents and biomechanical parametersindicated there was significant difference (p=0.001) between group CHIT/PRP and other groups. Biomechanical testing was performed on day 9 post surgery in incisional model. Quantitative histological studies and mean rank of the qualitative studies demonstrated that there was significant difference (p<0.001) between group CHIT/PRP and other groups. Conclusion: PRP with chitosan have beneficial effects on wounds repair and could be suggested for treating various types of wounds in animals and human being.

  15. Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma Combined with Chitosan Biodegradable Film on Full-Thickness Wound Healing in Rat Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Mohammadi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To assess the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP with chitosan biodegradable film on full thickness wound healing in rat. Methods:This was an experimental study being performed in 2015 during a 4-month period. Twenty-four male white Wistar rats were divided into four groups of 12 rats each, randomly: Control group (SHAM with creation of wounds and no treatment, PRP group with creation of wounds and application of one milliliter PRP, Chitosan group (CHIT with dressing the wound with chitosan and CHIT/PRP group with application of one mL PRPand dressing the wound with chitosan. The wounds were created by cutting healthy skin.Wound size was measured on 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 post surgery and was compared between groups. Results:Reduction in wound area, hydroxyproline contents and biomechanical parametersindicated there was significant difference (p=0.001 between group CHIT/PRP and other groups. Biomechanical testing was performed on day 9 post surgery in incisional model. Quantitative histological studies and mean rank of the qualitative studies demonstrated that there was significant difference (p<0.001 between group CHIT/PRP and other groups. Conclusion:PRP with chitosan have beneficial effects on wounds repair and could be suggested for treating various types of wounds in animals and human being.

  16. Chitosan-alunite composite: An effective dye remover with high sorption, regeneration and application potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akar, Sibel Tunali; San, Elif; Akar, Tamer

    2016-06-01

    This study was undertaken to prepare a novel and environmentally friendly composite for the use in the wastewater treatment process. This composite was produced by immobilizing alunite with a glucosamine biopolymer, chitosan. Batch and dynamic flow mode decolorization potential of the chitosan-alunite composite (CAC) was systematically evaluated in Acid Red 1 (AR1) and Reactive Red 2 (RR2) contaminated media. pH, sorbent dosage, contact time and flow rate were screened through the sorption experiments. Equilibrium sorption experiments indicated that CAC has very high sorption potential for RR2 and AR1 dyes with the maximum sorption capacities of 462.74 and 588.75mgg(-1), respectively. Good regeneration and reuse potential in 20 consecutive cycles are other important advantages of this composite. More importantly, CAC could also be used in the treatment of real wastewater without performance decrease. Overall, this study suggests that CAC is a promising sorbent for the removal of anionic dyes from aqueous solutions. PMID:27083375

  17. Effect of chitosan edible films added with Thymus moroderi and Thymus piperella essential oil on shelf-life of cooked cured ham.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Navajas, Y; Viuda-Martos, M; Barber, X; Sendra, E; Perez-Alvarez, J A; Fernández-López, J

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this work was to develop chitosan edible films added with essential oils obtained from two Thymus species, Thymus moroderi (TMEO) and Thymus piperella (TPEO) to determine their application for enhancing safety (antioxidant and antibacterial properties) and shelf-life of cooked cured ham (CCH) stored at 4 °C during 21 days. Addition of TMEO and TPEO into chitosan films decreased the aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB) and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) counts in coated cooked cured ham samples as compared with uncoated samples. Both AMB and LAB showed the lowest counts in CCH samples coated with chitosan films added with TPEO at 2 %. In regard to lipid oxidation, the CCH samples coated with chitosan films added with TMEO or TPEO had lower degrees of lipid oxidation than uncoated control samples. Chitosan films added with TPEO at 2 % showed the lowest values. The addition of TPEO or TMEO in chitosan films used as coated in CCH improved their shelf life. PMID:26396394

  18. Biomimetic composite microspheres of collagen/chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite: In-situ synthesis and characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Shu-Hua; Liang, Mian-Hui; Wang, Peng; Luo, Yong

    2016-01-01

    The collagen/chitosan/hydroxyapatite (COL/CS/HA) composite microspheres with a good spherical form and a high dispersity were successfully obtained using an in-situ synthesis method. The FT-IR and XRD results revealed that the inorganic phase in the microspheres was crystalline HA containing carbonate ions. The morphology of the composite microspheres was dependent on the HA content, and a more desirable morphology was achieved when 20 wt.% HA was contained. The composite microspheres exhibited a narrow particle distribution, most of which ranged from 5 to 10 μm. In addition, the needle-like HA nano-particles were uniformly distributed in the composite microspheres, and their crystallinity and crystal size decreased with the HA content. PMID:26478351

  19. Label-free immunosensor based on one-step electrodeposition of chitosan-gold nanoparticles biocompatible film on Au microelectrode for determination of aflatoxin B1 in maize.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Haihua; Sun, Jizhou; Zhang, Yuan; Bian, Chao; Xia, Shanhong; Zhen, Tong

    2016-06-15

    Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) embedded in chitosan (CHI) film, well-dispersed and smaller in size (about 10 nm), were fabricated by one-step electrodeposion on Au microelectrode in solution containing chitosan and chloride trihydrate. The nano-structure CHI-AuNPs composite film offers abundant amine groups, good conductivity, excellent biocompatibility and stability for antibody immobilization. The combination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) with immobilized antibody introduces a barrier to electron transfer, resulting in current decreasement. The morphologies and characterizations of modified microelectrodes were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The proposed non-enzyme and label-free immunosensor exhibited high sensitive amperometric response to AFB1 concentration in two linear ranges of 0.1 to 1 ng mL(-1) and 1 to 30 ng mL(-1), with the detection limit of 0.06 ng mL(-1) (S/N=3). The immunoassay was also applied for analysis of maize samples spiked with AFB1. Considering the sample extraction procedure, the linear range and limit of detection were assessed to be 1.6-16 ng mL(-1) and 0.19 ng mL(-1) respectively. The simple method showed good fabrication controllability and reproducibility for immunosensor design. PMID:26851579

  20. Antibiotic-loaded chitosan-Laponite films for local drug delivery by titanium implants: cell proliferation and drug release studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordikhani, Farideh; Dehghani, Mehdi; Simchi, Arash

    2015-12-01

    In this study, chitosan-Laponite nanocomposite coatings with bone regenerative potential and controlled drug-release capacity are prepared by electrophoretic deposition technique. The controlled release of a glycopeptide drug, i.e. vancomycin, is attained by the intercalation of the polymer and drug macromolecules into silicate galleries. Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry reveals electrostatic interactions between the charged structure of clay and the amine and hydroxyl groups of chitosan and vancomycin, leading to a complex positively-charged system with high electrophoretic mobility. By applying electric field the charged particles are deposited on the surface of titanium foils and uniform chitosan films containing 25-55 wt% Laponite and 937-1655 µg/cm(2) vancomycin are obtained. Nanocomposite films exhibit improved cell attachment with higher cell viability. Alkaline phosphatase assay reveals enhanced cell proliferation due the gradual dissolution of Laponite particles into the culture medium. In-vitro drug-release studies show lower release rate through a longer period for the nanocomposite compared to pristine chitosan. PMID:26507202

  1. Direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of hemoglobin with carbon nanotube-ionic liquid-chitosan composite materials modified carbon ionic liquid electrode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel composite biomaterial was prepared by combining chitosan, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), hemoglobin (Hb) and ionic liquid (IL) 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium bromide together, which was further modified on the surface of a carbon ionic liquid electrode (CILE) with another ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulphate as the binder. Ultraviolet-visible and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic results indicated that Hb molecules in the composite film retained the native structure. Cyclic voltammetric results showed that a pair of well-defined redox peaks appeared in 0.1 mol/L phosphate buffer solution, indicating that the direct electron transfer of Hb in the composite film with the underlying electrode was realized. The results were attributed to the synergistic effect of MWCNTs and IL in the composite film, which promoted the electron transfer rate of Hb. The composite material modified electrode showed excellent electrocatalytic ability towards the reduction of different substrates such as trichloroacetic acid and NaNO2 with good stability and reproducibility.

  2. Research and application of nano-TiO2/chitosan composite materials%纳米二氧化钛/壳聚糖复合材料的研究及应用进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王香爱

    2012-01-01

    纳米TiO2/壳聚糖复合材料兼具了纳米TiC2的抗菌性、生物兼容性、光催化作用等特性以及壳聚糖的抗菌性、成膜性、生物相容性.作者主要介绍了纳米TiO2/壳聚糖复合材料的制备方法,综述了该复合材料在纺织材料、除污、医疗、果蔬保鲜、农业等领域的应用.%Nano-TiO2/Chitosan composite materials have both the properties of nano-TiO2( antimicrobial properties,biocompatibility,photo-catalysis) and the properties of chitosan ( antimicrobial properties, film-forming, biocompatibility). This paper mainly introduced several preparation methods of nano-TiO2/chitosan composite materials,reviewed the progress of research on the application of such nano-TiO2/chitosan composite materials in the field of textile materials, pollutant removal, medical treatment, fresh-keeping, agriculture and so on.

  3. Glucose biosensor based on titanium dioxide-multiwall carbon nanotubes-chitosan composite and functionalized gold nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Meihe; Yuan, Ruo; Chai, Yaqin; Li, Wenjuan; Zhong, Huaan; Wang, Cun

    2011-11-01

    In this paper, a new glucose biosensor was prepared. At first, Prussian blue (PB) was electrodeposited on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified by titanium dioxide-multiwall carbon nanotubes-chitosan (TiO(2)-MWNTs-CS) composite, and then gold nanoparticles functionalized by poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA-Au) were adsorbed on the PB film. Finally, the negatively charged glucose oxidase (GOD) was self-assembled on to the positively charged PDDA-Au. The electrochemical performances of the modified electrodes had been studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and amperometric methods, respectively. In addition, the stepwise fabrication process of the as-prepared biosensor was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. PDDA-Au nanoparticles were characterized by ultraviolet-vis absorption spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Under the optimal conditions, the as-prepared biosensor exhibited a good response performance to glucose with a linear range from 6 μM to 1.2 mM with a detection limit of 0.1 μM glucose (S/N = 3). In addition, this work indicated that TiO(2)-MWNTs-CS composite and PDDA-Au nanoparticles held great potential for constructing biosensors. PMID:21720965

  4. Antimicrobial Active Packaging including Chitosan Films with Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil for Ready-to-Eat Meat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Quesada

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available An active packaging system has been designed for the shelf life extension of ready to eat meat products. The package included an inner surface coated with a chitosan film with thyme essential oil (0%, 0.5%, 1%, and 2% not in direct contact with the meat. Our aim was to reduce the impact of thyme essential oil (EO on meat sensory properties by using a chemotype with low odor intensity. The pH, color parameters, microbial populations, and sensory properties were assessed during 4 weeks of refrigerated storage. The presence of EO films reduced yeast populations, whereas aerobic mesophilic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, and enterobacteria were not affected by the presence of the EO in the films. Meat color preservation (a * was enhanced in the presence of EO, giving a better appearance to the packaged meat. The presence of the chitosan-EO layer reduced water condensation inside the package, whereas packages containing only chitosan had evident water droplets. Thyme odor was perceived as desirable in cooked meat, and the typical product odor intensity decreased by increasing the EO concentration. Further studies should point towards developing oil blends or combinations with natural antimicrobial agents to be incorporated into the film to improve its antimicrobial properties.

  5. Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Chitosan Films Incorporated with Cinnamon Oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco A. López-Mata

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan films (CF with cinnamon bark oil (CO incorporated at 0% (control, 0.25%, 0.5%, and 1.0% v/v were prepared by an emulsion method. The films were characterized based on their physical properties (solubility, water vapor permeability, optical property, and microstructure and antioxidant properties (DPPH, ABTS, and its protective effects on human erythrocytes. The results showed that the incorporation of 0.5 and 1.0% of CO into the CF significantly decreased its solubility to 22% of the control (p<0.05. The water vapor permeability of the CF-CO was significantly reduced to 40% with low concentrations of CO (0.25% incorporated into the CF. In general, the films presented a yellow coloration and an increase in transparency with the incorporation of CO into the CF. It was also observed that the incorporation of CO increased the antioxidant activity between 6.0-fold and 14.5-fold compared to the control, and the protective capacity against erythrocyte hemolysis increased by as much as 80%.

  6. Chitosan and Cystatin/Lysozyme Preparation as Protective Edible Films Components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Zimoch-Korzycka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work characterizes biological, physical, and chemical properties of films formed from an aqueous solution of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC, with different concentrations of chitosan (CH and bioactive cystatin/lysozyme preparation (C/L. The properties of biocomposites were examined by Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA, Fourier’s transfer infrared spectroscopy (FTIR, water vapour permeability (WVP, and tensile testing. Antimicrobial activity against Micrococcus flavus, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Candida famata was conducted. Films glass transition and storage modulus were dependent on the C/L and CH concentration. Modulus values decreased during the temperature scan and with higher reagents levels. An increase of CH and C/L concentrations in the films resulted in a decrease in tensile strength from 2.62 to 1.08 MPa. It suggests the hydrolyzing influence of C/L, also observed in smaller peak size of α relaxation. C/L addition caused shifting Tg to higher temperature. DMA and FTIR analysis proved that HPMC and CH are compatible polymers. Water resistance was improved with rising CH concentration from 1.08E-09 to 7.71E−10 g/m∗s∗Pa. The highest inhibition zone in M. flavus and C. famata was recorded at the highest concentration of CH and C/L.

  7. Preparation and characterization of chitosan/genipin/poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) films for controlled release drugs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldana, Ana Agustina, E-mail: aaldana@fcq.unc.edu.ar [Departamento de Quimica Organica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (UNC), Edificio de Ciencias II, Medina Allende y Haya de la Torre, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba 5000 (Argentina); Gonzalez, Agustin, E-mail: agustingonzalez@fcq.unc.edu.ar [Departamento de Quimica Organica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (UNC), Edificio de Ciencias II, Medina Allende y Haya de la Torre, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba 5000 (Argentina); Strumia, Miriam C., E-mail: mcs@fcq.unc.edu.ar [Departamento de Quimica Organica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (UNC), Edificio de Ciencias II, Medina Allende y Haya de la Torre, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba 5000 (Argentina); Martinelli, Marisa, E-mail: mmartinelli@fcq.unc.edu.ar [Departamento de Quimica Organica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (UNC), Edificio de Ciencias II, Medina Allende y Haya de la Torre, Ciudad Universitaria, Cordoba 5000 (Argentina)

    2012-05-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cross-linked chitosan films using genipin and/or PVP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Propranolol hydrochloride was used like a model drug to release studies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Incorporating PVP improves mechanical and diffusion properties. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ch-Gen 0.10% and Ch-Gen 0.10%-PVP have optimal behavior. - Abstract: The study of the physicochemical and functional properties of chitosan films cross-linked with genipin and poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) was performed in this work. Cross-linked films were prepared by casting method from acetic acid solutions. The structure and physical properties of the films were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ({sup 13}C NMR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and mechanical testings. Propranolol hydrochloride was used like a model drug to determine the behavior of drug release from films. The drug release capacity was measured and compared with the degree of cross-linking, mechanical properties and swelling index. There was an appropriate balance of hydrophilicity, mechanical properties and diffusion by the incorporation of PVP into the networks cross-linked with genipin. The combination of both cross-linkers allows obtaining a soft and tough material potentially applicable as a controlled release. This research represents the first report where both cross-linkers, chemical and ionic agents, are used for obtaining films. These studies suggest that the chitosan films prepared here are promising drug delivery systems for buccal application, with thermal stability and acceptable mechanical properties. Buccal films may be preferred in terms of flexibility and comfort.

  8. Preparation and characterization of chitosan/genipin/poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) films for controlled release drugs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Cross-linked chitosan films using genipin and/or PVP. ► Propranolol hydrochloride was used like a model drug to release studies. ► Incorporating PVP improves mechanical and diffusion properties. ► Ch–Gen 0.10% and Ch–Gen 0.10%–PVP have optimal behavior. - Abstract: The study of the physicochemical and functional properties of chitosan films cross-linked with genipin and poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) was performed in this work. Cross-linked films were prepared by casting method from acetic acid solutions. The structure and physical properties of the films were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (13C NMR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and mechanical testings. Propranolol hydrochloride was used like a model drug to determine the behavior of drug release from films. The drug release capacity was measured and compared with the degree of cross-linking, mechanical properties and swelling index. There was an appropriate balance of hydrophilicity, mechanical properties and diffusion by the incorporation of PVP into the networks cross-linked with genipin. The combination of both cross-linkers allows obtaining a soft and tough material potentially applicable as a controlled release. This research represents the first report where both cross-linkers, chemical and ionic agents, are used for obtaining films. These studies suggest that the chitosan films prepared here are promising drug delivery systems for buccal application, with thermal stability and acceptable mechanical properties. Buccal films may be preferred in terms of flexibility and comfort.

  9. Biofilms of chitosan-gold nanorods as a novel composite for the laser welding of biological tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matteini, P.; Ratto, F.; Rossi, F.; Pini, R.

    2010-02-01

    Gold nanorods (GNRs) exhibit intense localized plasmon resonances at optical frequencies in the near infrared (NIR), which is the window where the penetration of light into the body is maximal. Upon excitation with a NIR laser, a strong photothermal effect is produced, which can be exploited to develop minimally invasive therapies. Here we prove the use of chitosan-GNRs films as a novel NIR sensitive nanocomposite for the photothermal conversion of NIR laser light during surgical interventions of tissue welding. Chitosan is an attractive biomaterial due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, hemostatic, antimicrobial and wound healing-promoting activity. Colloidal GNRs were embedded in chitosan based, highly stabilized, flexible and easy-to-handle films, which were stored in water until the time of surgery. The chitosan-GNRs films were first positioned on freshly explanted rabbit tendon samples. Then, by administration of single pulses ranging from 80 to 140 ms duration and 0.5 to 1.5 W power delivered by a 300-μm optic fiber coupled with a 810 nm diode laser, spots of local thermally-induced adhesion characterized by a tensile strength of ~ 10 kPa were obtained. The present results are encouraging toward the development of a novel minimally-invasive technology based on the application of bioderived nanoplasmonic materials to biomedical optics.

  10. Electrochemical properties of ferrocene modified polysiloxane/chitosan nanocomposite and its application to glucose sensor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A ferrocene functionalized polysiloxane was synthesized and its composite with chitosan was prepared. The electrochemical properties in solution and in immobilized states were examined for both the ferrocene functionalized polysiloxane and its composite with chitosan. The composite film exhibits a reversible redox wave at Eo' = +360 mV vs. Ag/AgCl which is 110 mV more negative than that of the ferrocene functionalized polysiloxane film. It can be explained by the introduction of chitosan to enhance the hydrophilicity of the film and increase mass transport rate in aqueous condition. The composite film shows a very facile electron transport behavior with an apparent diffusion coefficient of 3.5 x 10-6 cm2/s. The scanning electron microscopic analysis of the film, which is in dried state, reveals that the ferrocene polysiloxane forms average 500 nm size spheres and those are evenly distributed in the chitosan matrix to give a homogeneous nanocomposite. The significantly large value of the apparent diffusion coefficient of the ferrocene moieties in the composite film can be explained by the introduction of highly hydrophilic character to the film originated from the high water-uptake capability of chitosan to give solution-like behaviors of the film in solution. The composite is found to be a useful platform to host enzymes to make biosensors and glucose sensing capability is demonstrated.

  11. Thin films of silk fibroin and its blend with chitosan strongly promote biofilm growth of Synechococcus sp. BDU 140432.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaushik, Sharbani; Sarma, Mrinal K; Thungon, Phurpa Dema; Santhosh, Mallesh; Goswami, Pranab

    2016-10-01

    The activating role of different polymer thin films coated over polystyrene support on the Synechococcus sp. biofilm growth was examined concurrently by measuring biofilm florescence using a dye and by measuring cell density in the isolated biofilm. Compared to blank (no coating), the increase in biofilm formation (%) on silk, chitosan, silk-chitosan (3:2) blend, polyaniline, osmium, and Nafion films were 27.73 (31.16), 21.55 (23.74), 37.21 (38.34), 5.35 (8.96), 6.70 (6.55) and (nil), respectively with corresponding cell density (%) shown in the parentheses. This trend of biofilm formation on the films did not significantly vary for Escherichia coli and Lactobacillus plantarum strains. The films of 20 residues long each of glycine-alanine repeat peptide, which mimics a silk fibroin motif, and a hydrophobic glycine-valine repeat peptide, increased the biofilm growth by 13.53 % and 26.08 %, respectively. Silk and blend films showed highest adhesion unit (0.48-0.49), adhesion rate ((4.2-4.8)×10(-6), m/s) and Gibbs energy of adhesion (-8.5 to -8.6kT) with Synechococcus sp. The results confirmed interplay of electrostatic and hydrophobic interaction between cell-surface and polymer films for promoting rapid biofilm growth. This study established that the thin films of silk and the blend (3:2) promote rapid biofilm growth for all the tested microorganisms. PMID:27393887

  12. Preventive effect of gelatinizedly-modified chitosan film on peritoneal adhesion of different types

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie-Lai Zhou; Shan-Wen Chen; Guo-Dong Liao; Zhou-Jun Shen; Zhi-Liang Zhang; Li Sun; Yi-Jun Yu; Qiao-Ling Hu; Xiao-Dong Jin

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To comparatively study the preventive effect of gelatinizedly-modified chitosan film on peritoneal adhesions induced by four different factors in rats.METHODS: Chitosan was chemically modified by gelatinization, and made into films of 60 μm in thickness, and sterilized. Two hundred Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups, Shamoperation group (group A), wound-induced adhesion group (group B), purified talc-induced adhesion group (group C), vascular ligation-induced adhesion group (group D), and infection-induced adhesion group (group E),respectively. In each group, the rats were treated with different adhesion-inducing methods at the cecum of vermiform processes and then were divided into control and experimental subgroups. Serous membrane surface of vermiform processes were covered with the films in the experimental subgroups, and no films were used in the control subgroups. After 2 and 4 wk of treatments,the abdominal cavities were reopened and the adhesive severity was graded blindly according to Bhatia's method.The cecum of vermiform processes were resected for hydroxyproline (OHP) measurement and pathological examination.RESULTS: Adhesion severity and OHP level: After 2 and 4 wk of the treatments, in the experimental subgroups,the adhesions were significantly lighter and the OHP levels were significantly lower than those of the control subgroups in group B (2 wk: 0.199 ± 0.026 vs 0.285 ±0.041 μg/mg pr, P < 0.001; 4 wk: 0.183 ± 0.034 vs 0.276± 0.03 μg/mg pr, P < 0.001), D (2 wk: 0.216 ± 0.036 vs0.274 ± 0.040 μg/mg pr, P = 0.004; 4 wk: 0.211 ± 0.044vs 0.281 ± 0.047 μg/mg pr, P = 0.003) and E (2 wk: 0.259± 0.039 vs 0.371 ± 0.040 μg/mg pr, P < 0.001; 4 wk:0.242 ± 0.045 vs 0.355 ± 0.029 μg/mg pr, P < 0.001),but there were no significant differences in groups A (2wk: 0.141 ± 0.028 vs 0.137 :± 0.026 μg/mg pr, P =0.737; 4 wk: 0.132 ± 0.031 vs 0.150 ± 0.035 μg/mgpr, P = 0.225) and C (2 wk: 0.395 ± 0.044 vs 0

  13. Trans-membrane electron transfer in red blood cells immobilized in a chitosan film on a glassy carbon electrode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have studied the trans-membrane electron transfer in human red blood cells (RBCs) immobilized in a chitosan film on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Electron transfer results from the presence of hemoglobin (Hb) in the RBCs. The electron transfer rate (ks) of Hb in RBCs is 0.42 s−1, and <1.13 s−1 for Hb directly immobilized in the chitosan film. Only Hb molecules in RBCs that are closest to the plasma membrane and the surface of the electrode can undergo electron transfer to the electrode. The immobilized RBCs displayed sensitive electrocatalytic response to oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. It is believed that this cellular biosensor is of potential significance in studies on the physiological status of RBCs based on observing their electron transfer on the modified electrode. (author)

  14. Collagen-coated polylactide microcarriers/chitosan hydrogel composite: injectable scaffold for cartilage regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Yi; Gong, Yihong; Gao, Changyou; Shen, Jiacong

    2008-06-01

    A novel structure of injectable scaffold is designed and fabricated by combining collagen-coated polylactide (PLA) microcarriers and crosslinkable chitosan hydrogel. The collagen-coated PLA microcarriers were firstly mixed with the hydrogel precursor, a thickening agent of konjac glucomannan (KGM), and redox initiators of ammonium persulfate and tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA). The mixture was then injected into a mold and incubated at 37 degrees C to obtain the composite scaffold. The hydrogel can deliver the collagen-coated PLA microcarriers to the desired site and, after gelation, will prevent them from uncontrolled movement. On the other hand, the collagen-coated PLA microcarriers can substantially enhance the mechanical properties of the composite system. It was found that the microcarriers suspended stably in 0.6% KGM/1% chitosan derivative (CML) solution at 37 degrees C at least for 15 min. The dynamic elastic modulus (G') of the composite scaffold increased along with the increase of the microcarrier content. G' of the composite scaffold with 10% microcarriers was measured as 0.87-2.15 MPa at a frequency range of 0.1-100 rad/s, which was 120-90 times higher than that of its hydrogel system alone (12.1-24.4 kPa). In vitro culture of chondrocytes/composite scaffold showed that the cell metabolic activity increased rapidly before day 9, then leveled off. Cells in the hydrogel could attach and grow on the surface of the collagen-coated PLA microcarriers to form confluent cell layers after days 9-12. These features make the composite scaffold to be injectable and applicable in either tissue engineering, or regenerative medicine, and in particular, in orthopaedics. PMID:17806117

  15. Preparation and Properties of Polyaniline Composite Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qing-hua

    2002-01-01

    Polyaniline (PAn) was synthesized by chemical oxidation polymerization. The conductive polymer doped by camphor sulfonic acid (CSA) and a matrix polymer,polyamide- 66, polyamide - 1010 or polyamide- 11, were dissolved in m-cresol and the blend solution was cast in a glass and dried for preparing polyaniline composite films.Conductivity was from 10 -6 to 10 0Ω-1·cm-1 with different weight fraction of PAn-CSA. The crystallizttion of the films was studied by means of differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The treatment of the composite films in different pH value solution would result in decrease of conductivity, especially in an alkaline solution.

  16. A sulphonated carbon dot-chitosan hybrid hydrogel nanocomposite as an efficient ion-exchange film for Ca2+ and Mg2+ removal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baruah, Upama; Konwar, Achyut; Chowdhury, Devasish

    2016-04-01

    We have developed a hybrid hydrogel nanocomposite film via conjugation of oxidised carbon dots synthesized from 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid with chitosan. The potential applicability of the film was then successfully tested for the removal of Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions from solution.We have developed a hybrid hydrogel nanocomposite film via conjugation of oxidised carbon dots synthesized from 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid with chitosan. The potential applicability of the film was then successfully tested for the removal of Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions from solution. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: The ESI includes the detailed synthesis and characterization of carbon dots both before and after oxidation and of the carbon dot-chitosan nanocomposite films viz. DLS, SEM, UV-visible, FTIR, PL spectroscopy and TGA. See DOI: 10.1039/c6nr01129b

  17. Strategies to improve the aging, barrier and mechanical properties of chitosan, whey and wheat gluten protein films

    OpenAIRE

    Olabarrieta, Idoia

    2005-01-01

    Chitosan, Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) and vital wheat gluten (WG) are three biomaterials that have quite promising properties for packaging purposes. They have good film forming properties and good gas barrier properties in dry conditions. Moreover, because they are produced from industrial waste of food processing, they offer an ecological advantage over polymers made from petroleum. However, their physicochemical characteristics still must be improved for them to be of commercial interest fo...

  18. Novel Microporous Films and Their Composites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.C. Wu, Ph.D

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Cost-effective microporous films and composites can be made by using polyolefinic material and inorganic fillers. These microporous films and their composites can be designed and manufactured at high speed using commercial equipment for disposable hygiene articles, protective health care garments, building construction and many other industrial applications where air and moisture breathability is needed. The theory, formulations and methods of making these cost-effective polyolefinic-calcium carbonate compositions are discussed. Special engineering fibers and their fabrics can be combined with these novel microporous films to achieve a variety of properties for practical applications. However, one should keep intellectual property considerations in mind when contemplating the manufacture of microporous film products, their companies and their applications.

  19. Immobilization, direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of hemoglobin on colloidal silver nanoparticles-chitosan film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the fabrication and characterization of hemoglobin (Hb)-colloidal silver nanoparticles (CSNs)-chitosan film on the glassy carbon electrode and its application on electrochemical biosensing. CSNs could greatly enhance the electron transfer reactivity of Hb as a bridge. In the phosphate buffer solution with pH value of 7.0, Hb showed a pair of well-defined redox peaks with the formal potential (E0') of -0.325 V (vs. SCE). The immobilized Hb in the film maintained its biological activity, showing a surface-controlled process with the heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant (ks) of 1.83 s-1 and displayed the same features of a peroxidase in the electrocatalytic reduction of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The linear range for the determination of H2O2 was from 0.75 μM to 0.216 mM with a detection limit of 0.5 μM (S/N = 3). Such a simple assemble method could offer a promising platform for further study on the direct electrochemistry of other redox proteins and the development of the third-generation electrochemical biosensors.

  20. CW laser-induced photothermal conversion and shape transformation of gold nanodogbones in hydrated chitosan films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate the photothermal conversion and transformation of gold nanoparticles with an initial dogbone shape after dispersion in hydrated chitosan films, which is a representative model of biological tissue, and excitation by a CW diode laser for 1 min. Gold nanodogbones are observed to undergo a distinct modification above a sharp threshold of ∼11 W cm−2 and 110 °C. Surprisingly, the very same modification is achieved up to at least 36 W cm−2 and 250 °C. We use an analytical model derived from Gans theory to associate the change in color of the films with the change in shape statistics of these gold nanoparticles. This model proves both convenient and dependable. We interpret the photothermal transformation as a rearrangement of particles with a dogbone shape and an aspect ratio of 4.1 into rods with an aspect ratio of 2.5, where material from the end lobes of the dogbones may relocate to the waists of the rods. In turn, additional transitions to stable gold nanospheres may exhibit fairly slower kinetics.

  1. Preparation and bioactive properties of chitosan and casein phosphopeptides composite coatings for orthopedic implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Liguo; Dong, Huanhuan; Mu, Ziqing; Zhang, Yali; Dong, Guangneng

    2015-11-20

    Using the layer-by-layer deposition method, functional chitosan/casein phospopeptides (CS/CPP) composite coatings were produced on Co-Cr-Mo alloy. The CS/CPP composite coatings had the dendritic topography, and were quite hydrophilic. Zeta potential measurements showed the composite coatings were negative charged at neural pH. XPS results indicated that the CS/CPP composite coatings were covalently bond to the substrate. When MC3T3-E1 cells were seeded on the CS/CPP composite coatings, no cytotoxicity was observed. The bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated in MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on the composite coatings and it was twice as much as that of cells cultured on the bare substrate. The expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) mRNA and the ratio of OPG/receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RNAKL) mRNA were increased 5-fold and 55-fold, respectively. These results suggested the CS/CPP composite coatings may have potential application in cobalt matrix orthopaedic implants. PMID:26344277

  2. Preparation and characterization of nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan cross-linking composite membrane intended for tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, XingYi; Nan, KaiHui; Shi, Shuai; Chen, Hao

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a series of nano-hydroxyapatite(n-HA)/chitosan cross-linking composite membranes (n-HA; 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 wt%) were successfully developed by a simple casting/solvent evaporation method. n-HA with size about 20 nm in vertical diameter and about 100 nm in horizontal diameter was successfully synthesized by a hydro-thermal precipitation method, and then dispersed into chitosan/genipin solution with the aid of continuous ultrasound to develop n-HA/chitosan cross-linking composite membranes. The detailed characterizations including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), water adsorption and tensile test were performed. With the analysis of FTIR spectra and TGA spectra, it suggested that there was existence of possible interactions between polymer and n-HA. Meanwhile, the n-HA content was greatly effected on the morphology as well as the tensile property of composite membrane. In vitro cytotoxicity test suggested that the developed n-HA/chitosan cross-linking composite membrane was non-cytotoxicity against L929 cells after 24h's incubation might be suitable for further in vivo application. PMID:21983025

  3. Collagen/chitosan porous bone tissue engineering composite scaffold incorporated with Ginseng compound K.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthukumar, Thangavelu; Aravinthan, Adithan; Sharmila, Judith; Kim, Nam Soo; Kim, Jong-Hoon

    2016-11-01

    In this study, suitable scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering were successfully prepared using fish scale collagen, hydroxyapatite, chitosan, and beta-tricalcium phosphate. Porous composite scaffolds were prepared by freeze drying method. The Korean traditional medicinal ginseng compound K, a therapeutic agent for the treatment of osteoporosis that reduces inflammation and enhances production of bone morphogenetic protein-2, was incorporated into the composite scaffold. The scaffold was characterized for pore size, swelling, density, degradation, mineralization, cell viability and attachment, and its morphological features were examined using scanning electron microscopy. This characterization and in vitro analysis showed that the prepared scaffold was biocompatible and supported the growth of MG-63 cells, and therefore has potential as an alternative approach for bone regeneration. PMID:27516305

  4. Simple construction of an enzymatic glucose biosensor based on a nanocomposite film prepared in one step from iron oxide, gold nanoparticles, and chitosan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The one-step synthesis is reported of a nanofilm composed of iron oxide and gold nanoparticles in a chitosan matrix that can act as a novel matrix for the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx) to fabricate a glucose biosensor. The use for the composite film strongly increased the effective electrode surface for loading of GOx. The size and shape of the iron oxide nanoparticles were examined by transmission electron micrograph. Direct electron transfer and electrocatalysis by GOx was investigated via cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. Under optimized conditions, the biosensor has a response time of 6 s and a linear response in the range between 3 μM and 0. 57 mM of glucose, with a detection limit of 1. 2 μM at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. This novel and disposable mediatorless glucose biosensor may form the basis for a future mass-produced glucose biosensor. (author)

  5. Insightful understanding of the role of clay topology on the stability of biomimetic hybrid chitosan-clay thin films and CO2-dried porous aerogel microspheres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frindy, Sana; Primo, Ana; Qaiss, Abou El Kacem; Bouhfid, Rachid; Lahcini, Mohamed; Garcia, Hermenegildo; Bousmina, Mosto; El Kadib, Abdelkrim

    2016-08-01

    Three natural clay-based microstructures, namely layered montmorillonite (MMT), nanotubular halloysite (HNT) and micro-fibrillar sepiolite (SP) were used for the synthesis of hybrid chitosan-clay thin films and porous aerogel microspheres. At a first glance, a decrease in the viscosity of the three gel-forming solutions was noticed as a result of breaking the mutual polymeric chains interaction by the clay microstructure. Upon casting, chitosan-clay films displayed enhanced hydrophilicity in the order CSdesign will constitute a guideline toward the preparation of ultra-stable, practically-optimized food-packaging films and commercially scalable porous bio-based adsorbents. PMID:27112884

  6. A novel amperometric biosensor for superoxide anion based on superoxide dismutase immobilized on gold nanoparticle-chitosan-ionic liquid biocomposite film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: Schematic representation of the assembly process of SOD/GNPs-CS-IL/GCE. Highlights: ► SOD was immobilized in gold nanoparticles-chitosan-ionic liquid (GNPs-CS-IL) film. ► The biosensor was constructed by one-step ultrasonic electrodeposition of GNPs-CS-IL onto GCE. ► The biosensor showed excellent analytical performance for O2·− real-time analysis. - Abstract: A novel superoxide anion (O2·−) biosensor is proposed based on the immobilization of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD) in a gold nanoparticle-chitosan-ionic liquid (GNPs-CS-IL) biocomposite film. The SOD-based biosensor was constructed by one-step ultrasonic electrodeposition of GNP-CS-IL composite onto glassy carbon electrode (GCE), followed by immobilization of SOD on the modified electrode. Surface morphologies of a set of representative films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical performance of the biosensor was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. A pair of quasi-reversible redox peaks of SOD with a formal potential of 0.257 V was observed at SOD/GNPs-CS-IL/GCE in phosphate buffer solution (PBS, 0.1 M, pH 7.0). The effects of varying test conditions on the electrochemical behavior of the biosensor were investigated. Furthermore, several electrochemical parameters were calculated in detail. Based on the biomolecule recognition of the specific reactivity of SOD toward O2·−, the developed biosensor exhibited a fast amperometric response (3 nM), low detection limit (1.7 nM), and excellent selectivity for the real-time measurement of O2·−. The proposed method is promising for estimating quantitatively the dynamic changes of O2·− in biological systems.

  7. Alternating Current Electrophoretic Deposition of Antibacterial Bioactive Glass-Chitosan Composite Coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Seuss

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Alternating current (AC electrophoretic deposition (EPD was used to produce multifunctional composite coatings combining bioactive glass (BG particles and chitosan. BG particles of two different sizes were used, i.e., 2 μm and 20–80 nm in average diameter. The parameter optimization and characterization of the coatings was conducted by visual inspection and by adhesion strength tests. The optimized coatings were investigated in terms of their hydroxyapatite (HA forming ability in simulated body fluid (SBF for up to 21 days. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR spectroscopy results showed the successful HA formation on the coatings after 21 days. The first investigations were conducted on planar stainless steel sheets. In addition, scaffolds made from a TiAl4V6 alloy were considered to show the feasibility of coating of three dimensional structures by EPD. Because both BG and chitosan are antibacterial materials, the antibacterial properties of the as-produced coatings were investigated using E. coli bacteria cells. It was shown that the BG particle size has a strong influence on the antibacterial properties of the coatings.

  8. Green and biodegradable composite films with novel antimicrobial performance based on cellulose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yuehan; Luo, Xiaogang; Li, Wei; Song, Rong; Li, Jing; Li, Yan; Li, Bin; Liu, Shilin

    2016-04-15

    In order to obtain a safe and biodegradable material with antimicrobial properties from cellulose for food packaging, we presented a facile way to graft chitosan onto the oxidized cellulose films. The obtained films had a high transparent property of above 80% transmittance, excellent barrier properties against oxygen and antimicrobial properties against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The antimicrobial properties, mechanical properties, and water vapor permeability of composites are essential characteristics in determining their applicability as food-packaging materials. Moreover, using a sausage model, it was shown that the composites exhibited better performance than traditional polyethylene packaging material and demonstrated good potential as food packaging materials. The results presented a new insight into the development of green materials for food packaging. PMID:26616947

  9. Noncovalently functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes by chitosan-grafted reduced graphene oxide and their synergistic reinforcing effects in chitosan films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Yongzheng; Bao, Hongqian; Li, Lin

    2011-12-01

    Water-soluble chitosan-grafted reduced graphene oxide (CS-rGO) sheets are successfully synthesized via amidation reaction and chemical reduction. CS-rGO possesses not only remarkable graphitic property but also favorable water solubility, which is found to be able to effectively disperse multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in acidic solutions via noncovalent interaction. The efficiency of CS-rGO in dispersing MWCNTs is tested to be higher than that of plain graphene oxide (GO) and a commercial surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). With incorporation of 1 wt % CS-rGO dispersed MWCNTs (CS-rGO-MWCNTs), the tensile modulus, strength and toughness of the chitosan (CS) nanocomposites can be increased by 49, 114, and 193%, respectively. The reinforcing and toughening effects of CS-rGO-MWCNTs are much more prominent than those of single-component fillers, such as MWCNTs, GO, and CS-rGO. Noncovalent π-π interactions between graphene sheets and nanotubes and hydrogen bonds between grafted CS and the CS matrix are responsible for generating effective load transfer between CS-rGO-MWCNTs and the CS matrix, causing the simultaneously increased strength and toughness of the nanocomposites. PMID:22091530

  10. Preparation and characterization of Chitosan/Konjac glucomannan/CdS nanocomposite film with low infrared emissivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Feng-Ying [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Zhou, Yu-Ming, E-mail: fchem@seu.edu.cn [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Sun, Yan-qing; Chen, Jing; Ye, Xiao-yun; Huang, Jing-yi [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China)

    2010-07-15

    Novel organic-inorganic nanocomposite films were prepared with Chitosan (CS), Konjac glucomannan (KGM) and CdS by one-step synthesis. As-prepared films were characterized by IR spectra, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infrared emissometer (IR). The results indicated that grown CdS dendrites were formed with reaction time of 12 h for Cd{sup 2+} and CS/KGM, and were well dispersed in CS/KGM with an average diameter of 40 nm. The CS/KGM/CdS nanocomposite films had significantly low infrared emissivity. When the mole ratio of CdS to summation of CS and KGM construction units was 1.0 with CdS size of 10-20 nm, the film got the lowest infrared emissivity value of 0.011, which could be attributed to the strong synergism effect existing between CS/KGM and CdS dendrites.

  11. Preparation and characterization of Chitosan/Konjac glucomannan/CdS nanocomposite film with low infrared emissivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novel organic-inorganic nanocomposite films were prepared with Chitosan (CS), Konjac glucomannan (KGM) and CdS by one-step synthesis. As-prepared films were characterized by IR spectra, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infrared emissometer (IR). The results indicated that grown CdS dendrites were formed with reaction time of 12 h for Cd2+ and CS/KGM, and were well dispersed in CS/KGM with an average diameter of 40 nm. The CS/KGM/CdS nanocomposite films had significantly low infrared emissivity. When the mole ratio of CdS to summation of CS and KGM construction units was 1.0 with CdS size of 10-20 nm, the film got the lowest infrared emissivity value of 0.011, which could be attributed to the strong synergism effect existing between CS/KGM and CdS dendrites.

  12. Defluoridation using biomimetically synthesized nano zirconium chitosan composite: kinetic and equilibrium studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Kumar Suranjit; Amin, Yesha; Selvaraj, Kaliaperumal

    2014-07-15

    The present study reports a novel approach for synthesis of Zr nanoparticles using aqueous extract of Aloe vera. Resulting nanoparticles were embedded into chitosan biopolymer and termed as CNZr composite. The composite was subjected to detailed adsorption studies for removal of fluoride from aqueous solution. The synthesized Zr nanoparticles showed UV-vis absorption peak at 420nm. TEM result showed the formation of polydispersed, nanoparticles ranging from 18nm to 42nm. SAED and XRD analysis suggested an fcc (face centered cubic) Zr crystallites. EDAX analysis suggested that Zr was an integral component of synthesized nanoparticles. FT-IR study indicated that functional group like NH, CO, CN and CC were involved in particle formation. The adsorption of fluoride on to CNZr composite worked well at pH 7.0, where ∼99% of fluoride was found to be adsorbed on adsorbent. Langmuir isotherm model best fitted the equilibrium data since it presented higher R(2) value than Freundlich model. In comparison to pseudo-first order kinetic model, the pseudo-second order model could explain adsorption kinetic behavior of F(-) onto CNZr composite satisfactorily with a good correlation coefficient. The present study revealed that CNZr composite may work as an effective tool for removal of fluoride from contaminated water. PMID:24887125

  13. 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole doped chitosan/11-alkanethiolate acid composite coating: Dual function for copper protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Qi; Zhang, Dun; Wan, Yi

    2011-10-01

    Chitosan (CS) hydrogel loaded with the well-known corrosion inhibitor 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) has been introduced into a composite coating to improve copper protection. This composite coating, which has both anticorrosion and antibacterial properties, was fabricated onto the surface of copper by combining a simple self-assembled monolayer technique with a sol-gel method. The anti-corrosion ability of the coating in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution was investigated by electrochemical methods including potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The protection efficiency of the coating is 97.70%, calculated on the basis of the corrosion current density. The stability and integrity of the composite coating were evaluated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The FESEM and EDS results suggest that the composite coating endows the copper substrate with antibacterial properties, as untreated bare copper underwent microbiologically influenced corrosion in the presence of sulphate reducing bacteria (SRB). This antibacterial feature was further confirmed by the SRB culture method. In a 3.5% NaCl solution and highly corrosive SRB culture media, the as-prepared CS based composite coating gave corrosion protection by exhibiting better barrier effects against the attack of aggressive environments.

  14. Biomimetic Preparation of Magnetite/Chitosan Nanocomposite via In Situ Composite Method——Potential Use in Magnetic Tissue Repair Domain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This study focused on the preparation of magnetic chitosan nanocomposite that has a potential application to bone repair and regeneration using an in situ composite method where chitosan membrane was used as the template and NaOH was used as the precipitant. X-ray diffraction analysis results show the formation of magnetite in the chitosan matrix. From the magnetic measurement, it could be concluded that the magnetic chitosan rods were superparamagnetic,and that this is the unique property of nanomagnetite. Macroscopical layer structure of the magnetic chitosan rods was observed from the photographs after mechanical test, and the microlayer structure of the rods was observed from the images of scanning electron microscopy. The mechanism for preparing the rods was discussed in detail. Transmission electron microscope was used to investigate the magnetite particles in the chitosan matrix and from the images it was concluded that the magnetite particles dispersed well in chitosan matrix with particle size of about 10 nm. The mechanical properties of the magnetic chitosan rods were measured and the blending strength was found to be 98.8 MPa. The mechanical properties did not decline when compared with those of the pure chitosan materials.

  15. KARAKTERISASI FILM KOMPOSIT ALGINAT DAN KITOSAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Rokhati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available CHARACTERIZATION OF ALGINATE AND CHITOSAN COMPOSITE FILM. Due to the specific characteristics of (thin films, the use of polymer films in various aplications has singnificantly increased. Alginate and chitosan are natural polymers, which have potential as a raw material for the manufacture of composite films. This paper presents the preparation and characterization of alginate, chitosan and chitosan-alginate composite films. The film characterization included permeability test, degree of swelling, mechanical property, morphology (by SEM, and surface chemistry (by FTIR. The results showed that alginate films have a higher permeability ​​and degree of swelling (DS than chitosan films. Both permeability and DS decreased with increasing concentration for both alginate and chitosan films. DS experiments showed that the films have the highest DS in water followed by ethanol 95% and ethanol >99.9%, respectively. The mechanical strength of chitosan films was larger than alginate films. Alginate-chitosan composite films prepared by layer by layer method showed better characteristics than the composite films prepared by blending of alginate and chitosan solutions. Meningkatnya aplikasi film polimer di berbagai industri tidak terlepas dari keunggulan yang dimiliki. Alginat dan kitosan merupakan polimer alam yang mempunyai potensi sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan film komposit. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pembuatan dan karakterisasi film komposit berbasis alginat dan kitosan. Karakterisasi film yang dilakukan meliputi uji: permeabilitas, derajat swelling, mekanik, morfologi (dengan SEM, dan struktur kimia permukaan (dengan FTIR. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa film alginat mempunyai nilai permeabilitas maupun derajat swelling yang lebih tinggi dibanding dengan film kitosan. Baik pada kitosan maupun alginat memberikan fenomena bahwa semakin besar konsentrasi larutan maka semakin kecil nilai permeabilitas maupun derajat swelling, dengan derajat

  16. An iodine supplementation of tomato fruits coated with an edible film of the iodide-doped chitosan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limchoowong, Nunticha; Sricharoen, Phitchan; Techawongstien, Suchila; Chanthai, Saksit

    2016-06-01

    In general, the risk of numerous thyroid cancers inevitably increases among people with iodine deficiencies. An iodide-doped chitosan (CT-I) solution was prepared for dipping tomatoes to coat the fresh surface with an edible film (1.5 μm), thereby providing iodine-rich fruits for daily intake. Characterisation of the thin film was conducted by FTIR and SEM. Stability of the CT-I film was studied via water immersion at various time intervals, and no residual iodide leached out due to intrinsic interactions between the cationic amino group of chitosan and iodide ions. Moreover, the iodide supplement exhibited no effect on the antioxidant activity of tomatoes. The iodine content in the film-coated tomato was determined by ICP-OES. The tomato coating with 1.5% (w/v) CT-I contained approximately 0.4 μg iodide per gram fresh weight. In addition, the freshness and storability of iodine-doped tomatoes were also maintained for shelf-life concerns. PMID:26830582

  17. Controlled release of tyrosol and ferulic acid encapsulated in chitosan-gelatin films after electron beam irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benbettaïeb, Nasreddine; Assifaoui, Ali; Karbowiak, Thomas; Debeaufort, Frédéric; Chambin, Odile

    2016-01-01

    This work deals with the study of the release kinetics of antioxidants (ferulic acid and tyrosol) incorporated into chitosan-gelatin edible films after irradiation processes. The aim was to determine the influence of electron beam irradiation (at 60 kGy) on the retention of antioxidants in the film, their release in water (pH=7) at 25 °C, in relation with the barrier and mechanical properties of biopolymer films. The film preparation process coupled to the irradiation induced a loss of about 20% of tyrosol but did not affect the ferulic acid content. However, 27% of the ferulic acid remained entrapped in the biopolymer network during the release experiments whereas all tyrosol was released. Irradiation induced a reduction of the release rate for both compounds, revealing that cross-linking occurred during irradiation. This was confirmed by the mechanical properties enhancement which tensile strength value significantly increased and by the reduction of permeabilities. Although molecular weights, molar volume and molecular radius of the two compounds are very similar, the effective diffusivity of tyrosol was 40 times greater than that of ferulic acid. The much lower effective diffusion coefficient of ferulic acid as determined from the release kinetics was explained by the interactions settled between ferulic acid molecules and the gelatin-chitosan matrix. As expected, the electron beam irradiation allowed modulating the retention and then the release of antioxidants encapsulated.

  18. Bioglass®/chitosan-polycaprolactone bilayered composite scaffolds intended for osteochondral tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Qingqing; Nooeaid, Patcharakamon; Detsch, Rainer; Roether, Judith A; Dong, Yanming; Goudouri, Ourania-Menti; Schubert, Dirk W; Boccaccini, Aldo R

    2014-12-01

    Polymer-coated 45S5 Bioglass(®) (BG)/chitosan-polycaprolactone (BG/CS-PCL) bilayered composite scaffolds were prepared via foam replication and freeze-drying techniques for application in osteochondral tissue engineering. The CS-PCL coated and uncoated BG scaffolds were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mechanical properties of the coated scaffolds were significantly improved in comparison to uncoated scaffolds. The bioactivity and biodegradation behavior of scaffolds were studied in simulated body fluid (SBF) for up to 28 days. The interface between the BG scaffold and the polymer coating layer was observed by SEM and a suitable interpenetration of the polymer into the scaffold struts was found. The effects of coated and uncoated BG scaffolds on MG-63 osteoblast-like cells were evaluated by cell viability, adhesion and proliferation. PMID:24677705

  19. Characterization and in vitro and in vivo evaluation of cross-linked chitosan films as implant for controlled release of citalopram

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Patit P Kundu; Santosh Kumar Jindal; Manish Goswami

    2013-02-01

    The aim of the present study is to develop cross-linked chitosan (CH) films that can release drug over an extended period of time and that too in a controlled manner. A solution of different percentages of CH, is prepared in 1% lactic acid, followed by addition of citalopram (CTP) and then reacted with increasing amounts of glutaraldehyde (GL) to obtain films with different cross-linking densities. Prepared films are characterized for their physical and mechanical properties. The films are then subjected to in vitro drug release studies using pH 7.4 phosphate buffer saline (PBS) as dissolution medium and cumulative amount of drug released is calculated. Kinetic analysis of drug release is performed using Power law model and Higuchi’s model.With increase in concentration of CH, water absorption capacity and mechanical strength are increased; whereas, water vapour permeability and elasticity of the films are decreased. The effect of cross-linking agent, GL, is such that with an increase in the amount of GL, water vapour permeability, water absorption capacity and elasticity of the films are decreased; whereas, mechanical strength increased to some extent and then decreased. In vitro release studies indicate that films containing 3% CH, cross-linked with 2–3% GL and films containing 4%CH, cross-linked 1%GL are able to sustain the drug release for a prolonged time along with releasing almost complete drug in a desired period. Out of these batches, films containing 3% CH, cross-linked with 2–3% GL are having sufficient strength, water vapour permeation, water absorption capacity and elongation at break for implantation purpose. The in vitro degradation studies and histopathological studies were carried out with a sample film (batch C3 as in table 1) in rabbit model. In vitro degradation study indicates that the films maintained their integrity for desired implantation. The histopathological studies under optical microscope indicates that on implanting, there is no

  20. Structure of film compositions C60-Bi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of film compositions C60-Bi on fluorineflogopite substrates were investigated at the relation of density of fluxes of Bi atoms and C60 moleculas from 0 to 1 over the temperature range 400 - 500 K. The quality model of bismuth segregation in the composite films is studied. In our study fullerite and composite C60-Bi are considered as a model object (for the data on possible practical application of fullerite see, e.g. [1]). The special consideration in the study is given to the investigation of deposition conditions of perfect fullerite films on orienting substrates and to the processes of metal-fulleren composition formation in the absence of a chemical bond among the elements of the starting components. High-resolution electron microscopy (direct resolution of crystallographic planes, microdifraction) and X-ray diffractometry method (0 - 20) of scanning in Cu-Kα1 radiation) were used in the study to examine the structure of pure fullerite and fulleren-bismuth composite. The composite was formed at the thermal evaporation of the components from two Knudsen cells. The density of the flux of Bi atoms varied from 0 to 1 with respect to a cluster C60 flux. The quantity of the substance being evaporated was controlled with a quartz microbalance. The plane (001) of artificial mice - fluorineflogopite (ff) was chosen as substrates. The applying process was performed in the substrate holder temperature range Tn = 400 - 500 K in vacuum approx. 10-3 Pa condensed to be examined with electronic microscope PEM-U; X-ray study of the films approx. 500 nm thick was made with the help of a diffractometer DRON-3M. The microscope resolution was 0.2 nm and this was confirmed by direct resolution of (200) planes of atoms of thin monocrystalline films of gold. In the study we used the substrate holders with either constant temperature or temperature gradient held in the plane

  1. Fabrication of chondroitin sulfate-chitosan composite artificial extracellular matrix for stabilization of fibroblast growth factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mi, Fwu-Long; Shyu, Shin-Shing; Peng, Chih-Kang; Wu, Yu-Bey; Sung, Hsing-Wen; Wang, Pei-Shan; Huang, Chi-Chuan

    2006-01-01

    The development of a novel, three-dimensional, macroporous artificial extracellular matrix (AECM) based on chondroitin sulfate (ChS)-chitosan (Chito) combination is reported. The composite AECM composed of ChS-Chito conjugated network was prepared by a homogenizing interpolyelectrolyte complex/covalent conjugation technique through co-crosslinked with N,N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethyl carbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS). In contrast to EDC/NHS, two different reagents, calcium ion and glutaraldehyde, were used to react with ChS or Chito for the preparation of ChS-Chito composites containing crosslinked ChS or Chito network in the matrix. The stability and in vitro enzymatic degradability of the glutaraldehyde-, EDC/NHS-, and Ca2+ -crosslinked ChS-Chito composite AECMs were all investigated in this study. The results showed that crosslinking improved the stability of prepared ChS-Chito AECMs in physiological buffer solution (PBS) and provided superior protective effect against the enzymatic hydrolysis of ChS, compared with their non-crosslinked counterpart. Because ChS was a heparin-like glycosaminoglycan (GAG), the ChS-Chito composite AECMs appeared to promote binding efficiency for basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The bFGF releasing from the ChS-Chito composite AECMs retained its biological activity as examined by the in vitro proliferation of human fibroblast, depending on the crosslinking mode for the preparation of these composite AECMs. Histological assay showed that the EDC/NHS-crosslinked ChS-Chito composite AECM, after incorporated with bFGF, was biodegradable and could result in a significantly enhanced vascularization effect and tissue penetration. These results suggest that the ChS-Chito composite AECMs fabricated in this study may be a promising approach for tissue-engineering application. PMID:16224775

  2. Quaternized chitosan/silver nanoparticles composite as a SERS substrate for detecting tricyclazole and Sudan I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Kaihang; Shen, Zuguang [State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Luo, Jiwen, E-mail: holdit@126.com [State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Key Laboratory of Theoretical Chemistry of Environment, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Wang, Xiaoying, E-mail: xyw@scut.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Sun, Runcang [State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Institute of Biomass Chemistry and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2015-10-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Synthesis optimization of Ag NPs with quaternized chitosan (QCS) was studied. • The size of Ag NPs was tuned by changing the DS and Mw of QCS. • QCS/Ag NPs exhibited much better SERS performance than Ag NPs without free QCS. • QCS/Ag NPs as SERS substrate detected tricyclazole in low concentration of 50 ppb. • QCS/Ag NPs as SERS substrate detected Sudan I with the detection limit of 10 ppm. - Abstract: There is an urgent need to develop a highly sensitive detection system for detecting trace amounts of food contaminants. In this study, optimal synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) with stable and narrow size distribution in the range of 15–25 nm was performed under microwave irradiation, using quaternized chitosan (QCS) as reducing and stabilizing agent. The results showed that the ratio of QCS to [Ag(NH{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sup +}, reaction temperature, irradiation time, the degree of substitution (DS) and molecular weight (Mw) of QCS had obvious effects on the formation, particle size and size distribution of Ag NPs. In addition, utilizing QCS/Ag NPs composite as SERS substrate, tricyclazole and Sudan I could be rapidly and sensitively detected with the limit of detection (LOD) as low as 50 ppb and 10 ppm, respectively. Compared with previously reported works, our detection system are of great stability and operability. The QCS was coated on the surface of Ag core, avoiding aggregation of Ag NPs and creating hot spots, in turn, providing superior amplification of SERS. Thus, it is believed that the QCS/Ag NPs composite could be considered as an ideal SERS-active substrate for detection of food contaminants.

  3. Quaternized chitosan/silver nanoparticles composite as a SERS substrate for detecting tricyclazole and Sudan I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Synthesis optimization of Ag NPs with quaternized chitosan (QCS) was studied. • The size of Ag NPs was tuned by changing the DS and Mw of QCS. • QCS/Ag NPs exhibited much better SERS performance than Ag NPs without free QCS. • QCS/Ag NPs as SERS substrate detected tricyclazole in low concentration of 50 ppb. • QCS/Ag NPs as SERS substrate detected Sudan I with the detection limit of 10 ppm. - Abstract: There is an urgent need to develop a highly sensitive detection system for detecting trace amounts of food contaminants. In this study, optimal synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) with stable and narrow size distribution in the range of 15–25 nm was performed under microwave irradiation, using quaternized chitosan (QCS) as reducing and stabilizing agent. The results showed that the ratio of QCS to [Ag(NH3)2]+, reaction temperature, irradiation time, the degree of substitution (DS) and molecular weight (Mw) of QCS had obvious effects on the formation, particle size and size distribution of Ag NPs. In addition, utilizing QCS/Ag NPs composite as SERS substrate, tricyclazole and Sudan I could be rapidly and sensitively detected with the limit of detection (LOD) as low as 50 ppb and 10 ppm, respectively. Compared with previously reported works, our detection system are of great stability and operability. The QCS was coated on the surface of Ag core, avoiding aggregation of Ag NPs and creating hot spots, in turn, providing superior amplification of SERS. Thus, it is believed that the QCS/Ag NPs composite could be considered as an ideal SERS-active substrate for detection of food contaminants

  4. The effect of hydroxylation on CNT to form Chitosan-CNT composites: A DFT study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Rui; Ran, Maofei; Wen, Jie; Sun, Wenjing; Chu, Wei; Jiang, Chengfa; He, Zhiwei

    2015-12-01

    The effect of types of CNTs (pristine and hydroxylated) on the synthesis of Chitosan-CNT (CS-CNT) composites was investigated theoretically. The adsorption energy (Eads) of CS on the pristine CNT and hydroxylated CNTs (CNT-OHn, n = 1-6) as well as the structural and electronic properties of said composites have been investigated. Results show that the adsorption of CS on CNT and CNT-OHn is thermodynamically favored. The Eads of CS on CNTs was calculated to be -20.387 kcal/mol from electrostatic interactions. For CS adsorbed into CNT-OHn, Eads ranges from -20.612 to -37.567 kcal/mol. Hydroxyl groups on CNT are the main adsorption sites for CS loading onto CNT-OHn via hydrogen-bond interactions. The CS-CNT-OH3 is the most sable composite among tested complexes. The energy gap (ΔEgap) of CS-CNT-OH3 was calculated less than pristine CNT and CNT-OH3, indicative of the composites being more reactive than that of pristine CNTs and CNT-OH3. It was proved that CS can transfer electron to the hydroxylated CNTs, thus overcoming the drawbacks of CNTs being chemically inert.

  5. Preparation of chitosan grafted graphite composite for sensitive detection of dopamine in biological samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palanisamy, Selvakumar; Thangavelu, Kokulnathan; Chen, Shen-Ming; Gnanaprakasam, P; Velusamy, Vijayalakshmi; Liu, Xiao-Heng

    2016-10-20

    The accurate detection of dopamine (DA) levels in biological samples such as human serum and urine are essential indicators in medical diagnostics. In this work, we describe the preparation of chitosan (CS) biopolymer grafted graphite (GR) composite for the sensitive and lower potential detection of DA in its sub micromolar levels. The composite modified electrode has been used for the detection of DA in biological samples such as human serum and urine. The GR-CS composite modified electrode shows an enhanced oxidation peak current response and low oxidation potential for the detection of DA than that of electrodes modified with bare, GR and CS discretely. Under optimum conditions, the fabricated GR-CS composite modified electrode shows the DPV response of DA in the linear response ranging from 0.03 to 20.06μM. The detection limit and sensitivity of the sensor were estimated as 0.0045μM and 6.06μA μM(-1)cm(-2), respectively. PMID:27474582

  6. The synthesis and characterization of 7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin and the investigation of the fluorescence properties of its 7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin-chitosan films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chitosan fluorescent films containing 7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin (7H4MC) have been successfully prepared. Used chitosan was obtained from chitin isolated from skin of tiger prawns (Penaeus monodon) through the deproteination, demineralization, and deacetylation process. The yields of chitin and chitosan are 10.66% and 23.83%, respectively. The chitosan has 55.00% degree of deacetylation based on FTIR spectroscopy. Average molecular mass of chitosan which was determined by Ostwald viscometry method is 8.55 × 106 g/mol. The 7H4MC was synthesized from resorcinol and ethyl acetoacetate using amberlyst-15 as catalyst based on Pechmann reaction with chemical yields of 90.01% and the melting point of 189–190°C. The FTIR, 1H–NMR, and 13C–NMR spectroscopies confirmed the structure which corresponds to the structure of 7H4MC. The films of chitosan containing 7H4MC were prepared by solvent evaporation method in 2% (v/v) acetic acid. The 7H4MC content in each film was 0% (blank), 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, and 0.8% (w/w). The UV-Vis spectrum of 7H4MC in methanol showed λmax at 235 and 337 nm. The observed fluorescence is the fluorescence color of cyan. The excitation wavelengths are 200, 235, 275, 337, and 365 nm. The highest intensity of cyan color fluorescence of chitosan containing 7H4MC films was obtained at the concentration of 0.2% of 7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin at the excitation wavelength of 275 nm

  7. Glassy carbon electrodes modified with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan: Application to the highly sensitive electrochemical determination of Azathioprine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel modified glassy carbon electrode with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan is constructed and used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of azathioprine (Aza). The surface morphology and thickness of the film modifier are characterized using atomic force microscopy. The electrochemical response characteristics of the electrode toward Aza are investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical reduction of Aza, leading to a remarkable decrease in reduction overpotential and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction with a significant increase of peak current. The effects of experimental variables, such as the deposited amount of modifier suspension, the pH of the supporting electrolyte, the accumulation potential and time were investigated. Under optimal conditions, the modified electrode showed a wide linear response to the concentration of Aza in the range of 0.2-100 μM with a detection limit of 65 nM. The prepared modified electrode showed several advantages: simple preparation method, high stability and uniformity in the composite film, high sensitivity, excellent catalytic activity in physiological conditions and good reproducibility. The modified electrode can be successfully applied to the accurate determination of trace amounts of Aza in pharmaceutical and clinical preparations.

  8. Glassy carbon electrodes modified with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan: Application to the highly sensitive electrochemical determination of Azathioprine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shahrokhian, Saeed, E-mail: shahrokhian@sharif.ed [Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran 11155-9516 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Nanoscience and Technology, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghalkhani, Masoumeh [Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran 11155-9516 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-04-15

    A novel modified glassy carbon electrode with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan is constructed and used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of azathioprine (Aza). The surface morphology and thickness of the film modifier are characterized using atomic force microscopy. The electrochemical response characteristics of the electrode toward Aza are investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical reduction of Aza, leading to a remarkable decrease in reduction overpotential and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction with a significant increase of peak current. The effects of experimental variables, such as the deposited amount of modifier suspension, the pH of the supporting electrolyte, the accumulation potential and time were investigated. Under optimal conditions, the modified electrode showed a wide linear response to the concentration of Aza in the range of 0.2-100 muM with a detection limit of 65 nM. The prepared modified electrode showed several advantages: simple preparation method, high stability and uniformity in the composite film, high sensitivity, excellent catalytic activity in physiological conditions and good reproducibility. The modified electrode can be successfully applied to the accurate determination of trace amounts of Aza in pharmaceutical and clinical preparations.

  9. EFFECTS OF BLENDING CHITOSAN WITH PEG ON SURFACE MORPHOLOGY,CRYSTALLIZATION AND THERMAL PROPERTIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling-hao He; Rui Xue; De-bin Yang; Ying Liu; Rui Song

    2009-01-01

    Biodegradable blend films composed of chitosan and PEG with various composition ratios were prepared. The chemical structure of the blend films was characterized with FTIR and X-ray, which showed no chemical bond formations but certain interactions probably coming from the hydrogen bonds. Morphologies of these blend films were viewed using AFM and SEM, suggesting that pure chitosan film had a smooth surface structure and the blend films surface showed a plenty of holes with varying size. Through the DMA measurement, it was found that there existed differences in the peak area and position of the blend films, and the peak at the glass transition temperature became significantly weaker and was markedly wider with the increasing content of PEG. The obtained results showed that the crystallinity of chitosan was suppressed and partially destroyed; and this should have an influence on the thermal behaviors and dynamic mechanical properties of the blend films.

  10. Single step synthesis of chitin/chitosan-based graphene oxide–ZnO hybrid composites for better electrical conductivity and optical properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► UV absorption at 260–360 nm confirmed strong binding of ZnO with chitosan–GO sheets. ► Chitin-based GO–ZnO shows higher electrical conductivity than chitosan-based GO–ZnO. ► Chitin-based GO–ZnO will useful in sensing, catalysis and energy storage applications. -- Abstract: We synthesized two composites/hybrid composites with a graphene oxide (GO)/mixed GO–ZnO filler using either a chitin or a chitosan matrix. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis confirmed that chitin had been converted to chitosan during matrix fabrication because only chitosan, ZnO and GO were shown to be present in the composites/hybrid composites. Raman spectroscopy indicated the display of D and G bands at 1345 cm−1 and 1584 cm−1, respectively. UV absorption peaks appeared at 260–360 nm and 201 nm in both hybrid composites, which indicate a strong binding of ZnO within the chitosan–GO sheets. High resolution scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy studies demonstrated that on a molecular scale ZnO was well dispersed in the hybrid composites. Impedance spectroscopy and a four-probe resistivity method were used for room temperature electrical conductivity measurements. The electrical conductivity of the chitin-based GO–ZnO hybrid composites was estimated to be ∼5.94 × 106 S/cm and was greater than that of the chitosan-based GO–ZnO hybrid composite (∼4.13 × 106 S/cm). The chitin-based GO–ZnO hybrid composite had a higher optical band gap (3.4 eV) than the chitosan-based GO–ZnO hybrid composite (3.0 eV). The current–voltage measurement showed that electrical sheets resistance of the chitosan-based composites decreased with formation of ZnO

  11. Controlled release and retarded leaching of pesticides by encapsulating in carboxymethyl chitosan /bentonite composite gel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jianfa; Yao, Jian; Li, Yimin; Shao, Ying

    2012-09-01

    A novel composite gel composed of carboxymethyl-chitosan (CM-chit) and bentonite (H-bent) was used as the carrier for encapsulating atrazine and imidacloprid to control their release in water and retard their leaching in soil. Strong interactions between CM-chit and H-bent in the composite were confirmed by FT-IR, and good dispersion of pesticides in the carrier was observed by SEM. According to the results of release experiments in water, the CM-chit/H-bent composite carrier showed double advantages of both encapsulation by the polymer and sorption by the bentonite. The time taken for 50 % of active ingredients to be released, t₅₀, was prolonged to 572 h for atrazine and 24 h for imidacloprid, respectively. The difference between the two pesticides on release behavior was related to their hydrophobicity and water solubility. Leaching experiments through a soil layer showed that this novel carrier reduced the amount of pesticides available for leaching, and would be useful for diminishing the environmental pollution of pesticides. PMID:22575006

  12. Vancomycin–chitosan composite deposited on post porous hydroxyapatite coated Ti6Al4V implant for drug controlled release

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Chi-Chuan [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing, University 250, Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan (China); Lin, Chien-Chung [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing, University 250, Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan (China); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Taichung Armed Force General Hospital, 348, Sec. 2, Jhongshan Road, Taiping City, Taichung 411, Taiwan (China); Liao, Jiunn-Wang [Graduate Institute of Veterinary Pathobiology, National Chung Hsing, University 250, Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan (China); Yen, Shiow-Kang, E-mail: skyen@dragon.nchu.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chung Hsing, University 250, Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan (China)

    2013-05-01

    Through the hydrogen bonds and the deprotonation, the vancomycin–chitosan composite has been originally deposited on Ti4Al4V by electrochemical technology. However, the rapid destruction of the hydrogen bonding between them by polar water molecules during immersion tests revealed 80% drug burst in a few hours. In this study, the post porous hydroxyapatite (HA) coated Ti4Al4V is prepared for the subsequent electrolytic deposition of vancomycin–chitosan composite to control the drug release. As expected, the initial burst is reduced to 55%, followed by a steady release about 20% from day 1 to day 5 and a slower release of the retained 25% after day 6, resulting in bacterial inhibition zone diameter of 30 mm which can last for more than a month in antibacterial tests, compared with the coated specimen without HA gradually loosing inhibition zone after 21 days. Besides, the cell culture indicates that the vancomycin–chitosan/HA composite coated has enhanced the proliferation, the differentiation and the mineralization of the osteoblast-like cell. In general, it is helpful for the osteointegration on permanent implants. Consistently, it effectively provides the prophylaxis and therapy of osteomyelitis according to the results of the rabbit infection animal model. - Highlights: ► The releasing curve of the vancomycin–chitosan/HA composite revealed three periods. ► The drug release sustained one month due to the effect of post porous HA coating. ► The composite coating could treat the osteomyelitis in the rabbit infection model.

  13. Chitosan as an edible invisible film for quality preservation of herring and atlantic cod.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, You-Jin; Kamil, Janak Y V A; Shahidi, Fereidoon

    2002-08-28

    The effect of chitosan with different molecular weights as coatings for shelf-life extension of fresh fillets of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and herring (Clupea harengus) was evaluated over a 12-day storage at refrigerated temperature (4 +/- 1 degrees C). Three chitosan preparations from snow crab (Chinoecetes opilio) processing wastes, differing in viscosities and molecular weights, were prepared; their apparent viscosities (360, 57, and 14 cP) depended on the deacetylation time (4, 10, and 20 h, respectively) of the chitin precursor. Upon coating with chitosans, a significant (p edible coating would enhance the quality of seafoods during storage. PMID:12188625

  14. Preparation and comparative characterization of keratin–chitosan and keratin–gelatin composite scaffolds for tissue engineering applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report fabrication of three dimensional scaffolds with well interconnected matrix of high porosity using keratin, chitosan and gelatin for tissue engineering and other biomedical applications. Scaffolds were fabricated using porous Keratin–Gelatin (KG), Keratin–Chitosan (KC) composites. The morphology of both KG and KC was investigated using SEM. The scaffolds showed high porosity with interconnected pores in the range of 20–100 μm. They were further tested by FTIR, DSC, CD, tensile strength measurement, water uptake and swelling behavior. In vitro cell adhesion and cell proliferation tests were carried out to study the biocompatibility behavior and their application as an artificial skin substitute. Both KG and KC composite scaffolds showed similar properties and patterns for cell proliferation. Due to rapid degradation of gelatin in KG, we found that it has limited application as compared to KC scaffold. We conclude that KC scaffold owing to its slow degradation and antibacterial properties would be a better substrate for tissue engineering and other biomedical application. Highlights: ► Extraction of reduced keratin from horn meal. ► Preparation of keratin–gelatin and keratin–chitosan composite scaffolds. ► Characterizations of the composite scaffolds. ► Comparative cytotoxicity analysis on NIH3T3 fibroblasts.

  15. Preparation and comparative characterization of keratin-chitosan and keratin-gelatin composite scaffolds for tissue engineering applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balaji, S.; Kumar, Ramadhar; Sripriya, R.; Kakkar, Prachi; Ramesh, D. Vijaya [Bio-products Laboratory, Biomaterial Division (India); Reddy, P. Neela Kanta [Bioorganic and Neurochemistry Department, Central Leather Research Institute, Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Chennai-20 (India); Sehgal, P.K., E-mail: sehgal_pk@yahoo.co.in [Bio-products Laboratory, Biomaterial Division (India)

    2012-05-01

    We report fabrication of three dimensional scaffolds with well interconnected matrix of high porosity using keratin, chitosan and gelatin for tissue engineering and other biomedical applications. Scaffolds were fabricated using porous Keratin-Gelatin (KG), Keratin-Chitosan (KC) composites. The morphology of both KG and KC was investigated using SEM. The scaffolds showed high porosity with interconnected pores in the range of 20-100 {mu}m. They were further tested by FTIR, DSC, CD, tensile strength measurement, water uptake and swelling behavior. In vitro cell adhesion and cell proliferation tests were carried out to study the biocompatibility behavior and their application as an artificial skin substitute. Both KG and KC composite scaffolds showed similar properties and patterns for cell proliferation. Due to rapid degradation of gelatin in KG, we found that it has limited application as compared to KC scaffold. We conclude that KC scaffold owing to its slow degradation and antibacterial properties would be a better substrate for tissue engineering and other biomedical application. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Extraction of reduced keratin from horn meal. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Preparation of keratin-gelatin and keratin-chitosan composite scaffolds. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterizations of the composite scaffolds. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparative cytotoxicity analysis on NIH3T3 fibroblasts.

  16. High-performance glucose biosensor based on chitosan-glucose oxidase immobilized polypyrrole/Nafion/functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes bio-nanohybrid film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Bishnu Kumar; Ahmad, Rafiq; Mousa, Hamouda M; Kim, In-Gi; Kim, Jeong In; Neupane, Madhav Prasad; Park, Chan Hee; Kim, Cheol Sang

    2016-11-15

    A highly electroactive bio-nanohybrid film of polypyrrole (PPy)-Nafion (Nf)-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (fMWCNTs) nanocomposite was prepared on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by a facile one-step electrochemical polymerization technique followed by chitosan-glucose oxidase (CH-GOx) immobilization on its surface to achieve a high-performance glucose biosensor. The as-fabricated nanohybrid composite provides high surface area for GOx immobilization and thus enhances the enzyme-loading efficiency. The structural characterization revealed that the PPy-Nf-fMWCNTs nanocomposite films were uniformly formed on GCE and after GOx immobilization, the surface porosities of the film were decreased due to enzyme encapsulation inside the bio-nanohybrid composite materials. The electrochemical behavior of the fabricated biosensor was investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and amperometry measurements. The results indicated an excellent catalytic property of bio-nanohybrid film for glucose detection with improved sensitivity of 2860.3μAmM(-1)cm(-2), the linear range up to 4.7mM (R(2)=0.9992), and a low detection limit of 5μM under a signal/noise (S/N) ratio of 3. Furthermore, the resulting biosensor presented reliable selectivity, better long-term stability, good repeatability, reproducibility, and acceptable measurement of glucose concentration in real serum samples. Thus, this fabricated biosensor provides an efficient and highly sensitive platform for glucose sensing and can open up new avenues for clinical applications. PMID:27485503

  17. Nanohybrid organic-inorganic chitosan/dopamine/TiO2 composites with controlled drug-delivery properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safari, Mostafa; Ghiaci, Mehran; Jafari-Asl, Mehdi; Ensafi, Ali A.

    2015-07-01

    In our present study, a series of nanohybrid composites of dopamine (DOP)/chitosan (CIS)@TiO2 were synthesized by sol-gel method and the drug release of the composites was investigated by using electrochemical determination and UV-vis absorbance techniques. DOP/CIS (10-40 wt%) composites were prepared by dissolving DOP in the chitosan aqueous solution. Then DOP/CIS composites were coated with different amounts of TiO2 (10-50 wt%) by using titanium tetra n-butoxide, as precursor. Formation of intercalated DOP/CIS@TiO2 nanohybrid composites was characterized by FT-IR, FE-SEM, DSC, BET and XRD analysis. Zeta potential of the best DOP/CIS@TiO2 nanohybrid composite was determined 45.0 and 59.1 mV. Compared to the DOP/CIS composites, incorporation of the TiO2 enhanced the drug entrapment considerably, and reduced the drug release. The DOP/CIS composites without TiO2 coating released the whole drug after 10 min in pH 7.4 solution while the TiO2 coated composites released the entrapped drug after 16 h. The results are very satisfactory and might be used in altering the DOP utilization from injection to oral.

  18. Preparation and characterization of bioactive composite scaffolds from polycaprolactone nanofibers-chitosan-oxidized starch for bone regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nourmohammadi, Jhamak; Ghaee, Azadeh; Liavali, Samira Hosseini

    2016-03-15

    The objective of this study was to fabricate and investigate the characteristics of a suitable scaffold for bone regeneration. Therefore, chitosan was combined with various amounts of oxidized starch through reductive alkylation process. Afterwards, chopped CaP-coated PCL nanofibers were added into the chitosan-starch composite scaffolds in order to obtain bioactivity and mimic bone extracellular matrix structure. Scanning electron microscopy confirmed that all scaffolds had well-interconnected porous structure. The mean pore size, porosity, and water uptake of the composite scaffolds increased by incorporation of higher amounts of starch, while this trend was opposite for compressive modulus and strength. Osteoblast-like cells (MG63) culturing on the scaffolds demonstrated that higher starch content could improve cell viability. Moreover, the cells spread and anchored well on the scaffolds, on which the surface was covered with a monolayer of cells. PMID:26794750

  19. Facile synthesis of water-soluble graphene-based composite: Non-covalently functionalized with chitosan-ionic liquid conjugation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pei-Ying; Cheng, Kai-Yu; Zheng, Xiu-Cheng; Liu, Pu; Xu, Xiu-Juan

    2016-05-01

    Chitosan-ionic liquid conjugation (CILC), which was prepared through the reaction of 1-(4-bromobutyl)-3-methylimidazolium bromide (BBMIB) with chitosan, was firstly used to prepare functionalized graphene composite via the chemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO). The obtained water soluble graphene-based composite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy and so on. CILC-RGO showed excellent dispersion stability in water at the concentration of 2.0 mg/mL, which was stable for several months without any precipitate. This may be ascribed to the electrostatic attraction and π-π interaction between CILC and graphene.

  20. How Sensitive Is the Elasticity of Hydroxyapatite-Nanoparticle-Reinforced Chitosan Composite to Changes in Particle Concentration and Crystallization Temperature?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kean; Liao, Kin; Goh, Kheng Lim

    2015-01-01

    Hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticle-reinforced chitosan composites are biocompatible and biodegradable structural materials that are used as biomaterials in tissue engineering. However, in order for these materials to function effectively as intended, e.g., to provide adequate structural support for repairing damaged tissues, it is necessary to analyse and optimise the material processing parameters that affect the relevant mechanical properties. Here we are concerned with the strength, stiffness and toughness of wet-spun HA-reinforced chitosan fibres. Unlike previous studies which have addressed each of these parameters as singly applied treatments, we have carried out an experiment designed using a two-factor analysis of variance to study the main effects of two key material processing parameters, namely HA concentration and crystallization temperature, and their interactions on the respective mechanical properties of the composite fibres. The analysis reveals that significant interaction occurs between the crystallization temperature and HA concentration. Starting at a low HA concentration level, the magnitude of the respective mechanical properties decreases significantly with increasing HA concentration until a critical HA concentration is reached, at around 0.20–0.30 (HA mass fraction), beyond which the magnitude of the mechanical properties increases significantly with HA concentration. The sensitivity of the mechanical properties to crystallization temperature is masked by the interaction between the two parameters—further analysis reveals that the dependence on crystallization temperature is significant in at least some levels of HA concentration. The magnitude of the mechanical properties of the chitosan composite fibre corresponding to 40 °C is higher than that at 100 °C at low HA concentration; the reverse applies at high HA concentration. In conclusion, the elasticity of the HA nanoparticle-reinforced chitosan composite fibre is sensitive to HA

  1. Melt-based compression-molded scaffolds from chitosan-polyester blends and composites: Morphology and mechanical properties

    OpenAIRE

    Correlo, V. M.; Boesel, L.F; Pinho, Elisabete D.; Pinto, A. R.; Silva, M. L. Alves da; Bhattacharya, Mrinal; Mano, J.F; Neves, N. M.; Reis, R. L.

    2009-01-01

    Blends of chitosan and synthetic aliphatic polyesters (polybutylene succinate, polybutylene succinate adipate, polycaprolactone, and polybutylene terepthalate adipate) were compounded with and without hydroxyapatite, a bioactive mineral filler known to enhance osteoconduction. The blends and composites were compression molded with two different granulometric salt sizes (63–125 lm and 250–500 lm) having different levels of salt content (60, 70, and 80%) by weight. By le...

  2. Fabrication of biocompatible and mechanically reinforced graphene oxide-chitosan nanocomposite films

    OpenAIRE

    Zuo, Ping-ping; Feng, Hua-Feng; Xu, Zhi-Zhen; Zhang, Ling-Fan; Zhang, Yu-Long; Xia, Wei; Zhang, Wen-Qing

    2013-01-01

    Background Graphene oxide (GO)can be dispersed through functionalization, or chemically converted to make different graphene-based nanocomposites with excellent mechanical and thermal properties. Chitosan, a partially deacetylated derivative of chitin, is extensively used for food packaging, biosensors, water treatment, and drug delivery. GO can be evenly dispersed in chitosan matrix through the formation of amide linkages between them, which is different from previous reports focusing on pre...

  3. Nanoamphiphilic Chitosan Dispersed Poly(lactic acid) Bionanocomposite Films with Improved Thermal, Mechanical, and Gas Barrier Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Akhilesh Kumar; Katiyar, Vimal

    2016-08-01

    This article demonstrates the synthesis of lactic acid oligomer-grafted-chitosan (OLLA-g-CH), a nanoamphiphilic molecule, by in situ condensation polymerization and its effective use as a nanofiller for improvement in multiple properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films, essential for stringent food packaging applications. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis shows the presence of amide-ester bond at 1539 cm(-1), which confirms the structural grafting of OLLA chains with chitosan molecules. This nanoamphiphilic OLLA-g-CH molecule act as surfactant containing hydrophilic chitosan head and hydrophobic OLLA tails with average size in the range of ∼2-4 nm. Prepared PLA/OLLA-g-CH bionanocomposite films appear with uniform dispersion of nanoamphiphilic OLLA-g-CH molecules with self-assembled micelles having size as low as ∼20 nm and as high as ∼150 nm with core-shell morphology in PLA matrix. This nanofiller is found very effective toward significant reduction in oxygen permeability (OP) by ∼10-fold due to the reduction in solubility of oxygen molecules and improvement in crystal nucleation density due to availability of nanonucleating sites. Ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of PLA/OLLA-g-CH bionanocomposite films are relatively comparable to that of PLA, however, elongation at break is improved significantly. The onset of thermal degradation of PLA/(OLLA-g-CH) films is also found comparable to that of PLA film. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of bionanocomposites is decreased by more than 18 °C with increase in OLLA-g-CH loading, which indicates the improved plasticization characteristics of PLA matrix. The crystallization kinetics suggest nonthree dimensional truncated spherical structures, which is controlled by the combination of thermal and athermal instantaneous nucleations. POM analysis suggested that the spherulite growth of PLA is improved significantly with the addition of OLLA-g-CH. The reduction in Tg of PLA with improvement

  4. Highly specific phosphopeptide enrichment by titanium(IV) cross-linked chitosan composite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ting; Shi, Jiani; Zhang, Chuanjing; Zhang, Lingfan; Du, Yiping

    2016-01-01

    Natural chitosan was applied as supporting material for Ti(IV) based immobilized metal ion affinity chromatographic (IMAC) material (Ti-CTS). Compared with other polymer based IMAC, Ti-CTS can save the cockamamie synthesis procedures and be easy to obtain. The morphology, surface area, pore volume and elemental composition of Ti-CTS were revealed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Tryptic digest products from several standard proteins and two real samples (non-fat milk and serum) were enriched using Ti-CTS to demonstrate the efficiency of this method. The results showed that this composite enables high sensitive and selective phosphopeptide enrichment from casein variants, non-fat milk and human serum. Furthermore, multi-phosphorylated peptides with three serine phospholated sites (S*S*S*) demonstrated high affinity to Ti-CTS. Hence, this method had great potential for future studies of complex phosphoproteomes and especially multi-phosphorylated peptides. PMID:26680323

  5. Preparation and Functional Assessment of Composite Chitosan-Nano-Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warren O. Haggard

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Composite chitosan-nano-hydroxyapatite microspheres and scaffolds prepared using a co-precipitation method have shown potential for use in bone regeneration. The goal of this research was to improve the functional properties of the composite scaffolds by modifying the fabrication parameters. The effects of degree of deacetylation (DDA, drying method, hydroxyapatite content and an acid wash on scaffold properties were investigated. Freeze-dried 61% DDA scaffolds degraded faster (3.5 ± 0.5% mass loss than air-dried 61% DDA scaffolds and 80% DDA scaffolds, but had a lower compressive modulus of 0.12 ± 0.01 MPa. Air-dried 80% DDA scaffolds displayed the highest compressive modulus (3.79 ± 0.51 MPa and these scaffolds were chosen as the best candidate for use in bone regeneration. Increasing the amount of hydroxyapatite in the air-dried 80% DDA scaffolds did not further increase the compressive modulus of the scaffolds. An acid wash procedure at pH 6.1 was found to increase the degradation of air-dried 80% DDA scaffolds from 1.3 ± 0.1% to 4.4 ± 0.4%. All of the formulations tested supported the proliferation of SAOS-2 cells.

  6. Mg-Doped Hydroxyapatite/Chitosan Composite Coated 316L Stainless Steel Implants for Biomedical Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutha, S; Dhineshbabu, N R; Prabhu, M; Rajendran, V

    2015-06-01

    In this investigation, ultrasonication process was used for the synthesis of magnesium doped nano-hydroxyapatite (MH) (0, 1, 2, and 3 mol% of Mg concentration) particles with controlled size and surface morphology. The size of the prepared MH particles was in the range of 20-100 nm with narrow distribution. Increase in the concentration of Mg reduced the particle size distribution from 60 to 40 nm. On incorporation of Mg in HAp lattice, an increase of 20-66 nm in specific surface area was observed in microporous HAp particles. XRF and XRD patterns reveal that the particles possess stoichiometric composition with reduced crystallinity with respect to the Mg concentration. Surface morphology of MH/chitosan (CTS) coated implant was found to be uniform without any defects. The corrosion rate of the implant decreased with increase in Mg concentration. The in vitro formation of bonelike apatite layer on the surface of the MH/CTS coated implant was observed from simulated body fluid studies. The antimicrobial activity of the MH/CTS composites against gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial strains indicated that increasing Mg concentration enhanced antimicrobial properties. Nanoindentation analysis of apatite coated implant surface reveals that the mechanical property depends on the concentration of magnesium in HAp. From the cytotoxicity analysis against NIH 3T3 fibroblast, it was observed that the Mg incorporated HAp/CTS composite was less toxic than the MHO/CTS composite. From this result, it was concluded that the MH/CTS nanocomposites coated implant is the excellent material for implants. PMID:26369027

  7. Preparation of composite electroheat carbon film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Jin-tong; TU Chuan-jun; LI Yan; HU Li-min; DENG Jiu-hua

    2005-01-01

    A kind of conductive and heating unit, which can reach a high surface electroheat temperature at a low voltage, was developed in view of the traditional electroheat coating which has a low surface electroheat temperature and an insufficient heat resistance of its binder. The coating molded electroheat carbon film(CMECF) was prepared by carbonizing the coating which was prepared by adding modified resin into flake graphite and carbon fiber, coating molded onto the surface of the heat resisting matrix after dried, while the hot pressing molded electroheat thick carbon film(HPMETCF) was prepared by carbonizing the bodies whose powders were hot pressing molded directly.The surface and inner microstructure of the carbon film was characterized and analyzed by SEM and DSC/TG, while electroheat property was tested by voltage-current volume resistivity tester and electrical parameter tester. The results show that, close-packed carbon network configuration is formed within the composite electroheat carbon film film after anti-oxidizable treatment reaches a higher surface electroheat temperature than that of the existing electroheat coatings at a low voltage, and has excellent electroheat property, high thermal efficiency as well as stable physicochemical property. It is found that, at room temperature(19± 2 ℃) and 22 V for 5 min, the surface electroheat temperature of the self-produced CMECF (mfiller/mresin = 1. 8/1) reaches 112 ℃ while HPMETCF (mfiller/mresin = 3. 6/1) reaches 265 ℃.

  8. Characterization of antimicrobial properties on the growth of S. aureus of novel renewable blends of gliadins and chitosan of interest in food packaging and coating applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Saiz, P; Lagaron, J M; Hernandez-Muñoz, P; Ocio, M J

    2008-05-10

    The biocide properties of chitosan-based materials have been known for many years. However, typical antimicrobial formulations of chitosan, mostly chitosonium salts, are known to be very water sensitive materials which may impair their use in many application fields such as food packaging or food coating applications. This first work reports on the development and characterization of the antimicrobial properties of novel fully renewable blends of chitosan with more water-resistant gliadin proteins isolated from wheat gluten. Chitosan release to the nutrient broth from a wide range of blends was studied making use of the ninhydrin method. The results indicated that both pure chitosan and its blends with gliadins presented significant antimicrobial activity, which increased with increasing the amount of chitosan in the composite formulation as expected. The gliadins-chitosan blends showed good transparency and film-forming properties and better water resistance than pure chitosan. The release tests revealed that dissolution of the biocide glucosamine groups, i.e. the chitosan water soluble fractions, also increased with the amount of chitosan present in the formulation. The release of these groups was for the first time directly correlated with the antimicrobial properties exhibited by the blends. Thus, incorporation of chitosan into an insoluble biopolymer matrix was revealed as a very feasible strategy to generate novel chitosan-based antimicrobial materials with potential advantages, for instance active food packaging applications. PMID:18353476

  9. Sistemas inteligentes de embalagens utilizando filmes de quitosana como indicador colorimétrico de temperatura Alternative intelligent material for packaging using chitosan films as colorimetric temperature indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinícius B. V. Maciel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Clorofila, um pigmento natural termossensível, foi incorporado à matriz de filmes de quitosana visando a obter sistemas inteligentes de indicação de variação de temperatura. A quitosana é um polímero biodegradável que forma filmes flexíveis com eficiente barreira ao oxigênio, podendo ser alternativa ao uso de polímeros sintéticos. Clorofila foi adicionada (0,25 g/100 g à suspensão de quitosana (2,00 g/100 g formando filmes inteligentes de quitosana (FIQ. Os efeitos da temperatura (10 °C a 50 °C e luminosidade (0 a 1000 lx foram estudados utilizando um planejamento experimental, avaliando os parâmetros de cor (L*, a*, b* e propriedades mecânicas. As suspensões de quitosana contendo clorofila foram aplicadas como revestimento em superfície de papel cartão formando o sistema de material flexível filme-papel cartão (S-FP, reduzindo significativamente o tempo de secagem. Os filmes caracterizaram-se pela homogeneidade, flexibilidade, coloração esverdeada e fácil manuseio. A variação de cor foi visualmente observada no sistema S-FP, alterando irreversivelmente de verde para amarelo quando submetido a temperaturas acima de 50 °C, independentemente da luminosidade. Desta forma, o sistema proposto tem potencial de aplicação como indicador colorimétrico de temperatura na faixa de 50 °C a 75 °C, com a vantagem de simples fabricação, biodegradabilidade e uso de materiais seguros para aplicação em contato direto com alimentos e fármacos, além do baixo custo.Chlorophyll was incorporated into chitosan films, forming intelligent systems able to detect variations in temperature. Chitosan is a biodegradable polymer that forms flexible, resistant films with an efficient oxygen barrier. Chlorophyll was added (0.25 g/100 g into chitosan suspension (2.00 g/100 g and intelligent films (FIQ were cast. The effects of temperature (10 °C to 50 °C and luminosity (0 to 1000 lx on the films were studied using an experimental design

  10. Chitosan/halloysite nanotubes bionanocomposites: structure, mechanical properties and biocompatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Mingxian; Zhang, Yun; Wu, Chongchao; Xiong, Sheng; Zhou, Changren

    2012-11-01

    Incorporation of nanosized reinforcements into chitosan usually results in improved properties and changed microstructures. Naturally occurred halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) are incorporated into chitosan for forming bionanocomposite films via solution casting. The electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonding interactions between HNTs and chitosan are confirmed. HNTs are uniformly dispersed in chitosan matrix. The tensile strength and Young's modulus of chitosan are enhanced by HNTs. The storage modulus and glass transition temperature of chitosan/HNTs films also increase significantly. Blending with HNTs induces changes in surface nanotopography and increase of roughness of chitosan films. In vitro fibroblasts response demonstrates that both chitosan and chitosan/HNTs nanocomposite films are cytocompatibility even when the loading of HNTs is 10%. In summary, these results provide insights into understanding of the structural relationships of chitosan/HNTs bionanocomposite films in potential applications, such as scaffold materials in tissue engineering. PMID:22743347

  11. ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDIES ON CONDUCTING COMPOSITE FILMS FROM POLYURETHANE AND POLYPYRROLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BI Xiantong; PEI Qibing; LI Yongfang

    1988-01-01

    A study on the electrooxidative polymerization of pyrrole onto polyurethane-coated platinum electrodes and the electrochemical properties of the composite polyurethane/polypyrrole films (PU/PPy) as-prepared is presented. It is found that polypyrrole grows layer by layer from the polyurethane/platinum interface through the polyurethane matrix, and ca. 20 wt.% of polypyrrole will fill up the matrix. Cyclic voltammograms show that the composite films are porous, and the reduction-reoxidation (redox) rate of the composite films is limited by the diffusion ofcounteranions through the films. Larger anion size leads to slower diffusion process.The composite films can also act as modified electrodes.

  12. Chitosan mediated synthesis of core/double shell ternary polyaniline/Chitosan/cobalt oxide nano composite-as high energy storage electrode material in supercapacitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vellakkat, Mini; Hundekkal, Devendrappa

    2016-01-01

    Nanostructured ternary composite of polyaniline (PANI), Co3O4 nanoparticles, and Chitosan (CS) has been prepared by an in situ chemical oxidation method, and the nanocomposites (CPAESCO) were used as supercapacitor electrodes. The Co3O4 nanoparticles are uniformly coated with CS and PANI layers in it. Different techniques (Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry, x-ray diffraction, thermal gravimetric analysis, UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and electro chemical analysis-cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) were used to analyse the optical, structural, thermal, chemical and supercapacitive aspects of the nanocomposites. Core/double shell ternary composite electrode exhibits significantly increased specific capacitance than PANI/Co3O4 or PANI/CS binary composites in supercapacitors. The ternary nanocomposite with 40% nanoparticle exhibits a highest specific capacitance reaching 687 F g-1, Energy density of (95.42 Wh kg-1 at 1 A g-1) and power density of (1549 W kg-1 at 3 A g-1) and outstanding cycling performance, with, 91% capacitance retained over 5000 cycles. It is found that this unique bio compatible nano composite with synergy is a new multifunctional material which will be useful in the design of supercapacitor electrodes and other energy conversion devices too.

  13. Adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of anionic dyes on Chitosan/PVA/Na-Titanate/TiO2 composites synthesized by solution casting method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habiba, Umma; Islam, Md Shariful; Siddique, Tawsif A; Afifi, Amalina M; Ang, Bee Chin

    2016-09-20

    Chitosan/PVA/Na-titanate/TiO2 composite was synthesized by solution casting method. The composite was analyzed via Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy, Thermal gravimetric analysis and water stability test. Incorporation of Na-titanate shown decrease of crystallinity for chitosan but increase water stability. However, the composite structure was deteriorated with considerable weight loss in acidic medium. Two anionic dyes, methyl orange and congo red were used for the adsorption test. The adsorption behavior of the composites were described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Lagergren-first-order model for methyl orange and congo red, respectively. For methyl orange, adsorption was started with a promising decolorization rate. 99.9% of methyl orange dye was removed by the composite having higher weightage of chitosan and crystalline TiO2 phase. On the other hand, for the congo red the composite having higher chitosan and Na-titanate showed an efficient removal capacity of 95.76%. UV-vis results showed that the molecular backbone of methyl orange and congo red was almost destroyed when equilibrium was obtained, and the decolorization rate was reaching 100%. Kinetic study results showed that the photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange and congo red could be explained by Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. Thus, chitosan/PVA/Na-titanate/TiO2 possesses efficient adsorptivity and photocatalytic property for dye degradation. PMID:27261756

  14. Electrophoretic Deposition of Chitosan/45S5 Bioactive Glass Composite Coatings Doped with Zn and Sr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miola, Marta; Verné, Enrica; Ciraldo, Francesca Elisa; Cordero-Arias, Luis; Boccaccini, Aldo R

    2015-01-01

    In this research work, the original 45S5 bioactive glass was modified by introducing zinc and/or strontium oxide (6 mol%) in place of calcium oxide. Sr was added for its ability to stimulate bone formation and Zn for its role in bone metabolism, antibacterial properties, and anti-inflammatory effect. The glasses were produced by means of melting and quenching process. SEM and XRD analyses evidenced that Zr and Sr introduction did not modify the glass structure and morphology while compositional analysis (EDS) demonstrated the effective incorporation of these elements in the glass network. Bioactivity test in simulated body fluid (SBF) up to 1 month evidenced a reduced bioactivity kinetics for Zn-doped glasses. Doped glasses were combined with chitosan to produce organic/inorganic composite coatings on stainless steel AISI 316L by electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Two EPD processes were considered for coating development, namely direct current EPD (DC-EPD) and alternating current EPD (AC-EPD). The stability of the suspension was analyzed and the deposition parameters were optimized. Tape and bending tests demonstrated a good coating-substrate adhesion for coatings containing 45S5-Sr and 45S5-ZnSr glasses, whereas the adhesion to the substrate decreased by using 45S5-Zn glass. FTIR analyses demonstrated the composite nature of coatings and SEM observations indicated that glass particles were well integrated in the polymeric matrix, the coatings were fairly homogeneous and free of cracks; moreover, the AC-EPD technique provided better results than DC-EPD in terms of coating quality. SEM, XRD analyses, and Raman spectroscopy, performed after bioactivity test in SBF solution, confirmed the bioactive behavior of 45S5-Sr-containing coating while coatings containing Zn exhibited no hydroxyapatite formation. PMID:26539431

  15. Electrophoretic deposition of chitosan/45S5 bioactive glass composite coatings doped with Zn and Sr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta eMiola

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this research work the original 45S5 bioactive glass (BG was modified by introducing zinc and/or strontium oxide (6% mol in place of calcium oxide. Sr was added for its ability to stimulate bone formation, Zn for its role in bone metabolism, antibacterial properties and anti-inflammatory effect. The glasses were produced by means of melting and quenching process. SEM and XRD analyses evidenced that Zr and Sr introduction did not modify the glass structure and morphology, while compositional analysis (EDS demonstrated the effective addition of these elements inside the glass network. Bioactivity test in simulated body fluid (SBF up to one month evidenced a reduced bioactivity kinetics for Zn-doped glasses. Doped glasses were combined with chitosan to produce organic/inorganic composite coatings on stainless steel AISI 316L by electrophoretic deposition (EPD. Two EPD processes were considered for coating development, namely direct current EPD (DC-EPD and alternating current EPD (AC-EPD. The stability of the suspension was analysed and the deposition parameters were optimized. Tape and bending tests demonstrated a good coating-substrate adhesion for coatings containing 45S5-Sr and 45S5-ZnSr glasses, while the adhesion to the substrate decreased by using 45S5-Zn glass. FTIR analyses demonstrated the composite nature of coatings and SEM observations indicated that glass particles were well integrated in the polymeric matrix, the coatings were fairly homogeneous and free of cracks; moreover the AC-EPD technique provided better results than DC-EPD in terms of coating quality. SEM, XRD analyses and Raman spectroscopy, performed after bioactivity test in SBF solution, confirmed the bioactive behaviour of 45S5-Sr containing coating, while coatings containing Zn exhibited no hydroxyapatite formation.

  16. Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis of Horseradish Peroxidase Immobilized in a DNA/Chitosan-Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticle Bio-Complex Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tingting Gu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A DNA/chitosan-Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle bio-complex film was constructed for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP on a glassy carbon electrode. HRP was simply mixed with DNA, chitosan and Fe3O4 nanoparticles, and then applied to the electrode surface to form an enzyme-incorporated polyion complex film. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM was used to study the surface features of DNA/chitosan/Fe3O4/HRP layer. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS show that Fe3O4 and enzyme were successfully immobilized on the electrode surface by the DNA/chitosan bio-polyion complex membrane. Direct electron transfer (DET and bioelectrocatalysis of HRP in the DNA/chitosan/Fe3O4 film were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV and constant potential amperometry. The HRP-immobilized electrode was found to undergo DET and exhibited a fast electron transfer rate constant of 3.7 s−1. The CV results showed that the modified electrode gave rise to well-defined peaks in phosphate buffer, corresponding to the electrochemical redox reaction between HRP(Fe(III and HRP(Fe(II. The obtained electrode also displayed an electrocatalytic reduction behavior towards H2O2. The resulting DNA/chitosan/Fe3O4/HRP/glassy carbon electrode (GCE shows a high sensitivity (20.8 A·cm−2·M−1 toward H2O2. A linear response to H2O2 measurement was obtained over the range from 2 µM to 100 µM (R2 = 0.99 and an amperometric detection limit of 1 µM (S/N = 3. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of HRP immobilized on the electrode was 0.28 mM. Furthermore, the electrode exhibits both good operational stability and storage stability.

  17. Electrical transport and thermochromic properties of polyaniline/chitosan/Co3O4 ternary nano composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    V, Mini; Kamath, Archana; S, Raghu; Chapi, Sharanappa; H, Devendrappa

    2015-06-01

    A new Polyaniline/ chitosan/ Co3O4 (CPAESCO) ternary nanocomposite is prepared by in situ oxidation polymerization of aniline in the presence of (NH4)2S2O8, chitosan and Co3O4. The Structural, Thermal, Optical and Electrical features of Polyaniline (PANI), Polyaniline/ chitosan (CPANI) and CPAESCO were analyzed using FT-IR, TGA, UV-vis analysis and Impedance spectroscopy by varying temperature. The results show that the introduction of the Co3O4 nanoparticles into CPANI matrix enhanced its properties. Mott's parameters show 3D -VRH Type conduction in it.

  18. Enhancement of oil recovery using zirconium-chitosan hybrid composite by adsorptive method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elanchezhiyan, S Sd; Sivasurian, N; Meenakshi, Sankaran

    2016-07-10

    Recovery of oil from oil-in-water emulsion has been investigated by many scientists and it continues to be a challenging task for environmental scientists so far. Among all the techniques, adsorption is found to be an appropriate process for the removal of oil from oil-in-water emulsion owing to its high efficiency and easy operation. A hybrid material, zirconium-chitosan composite (Zr-CS-HC) was prepared to remove the oil from oil-in-water emulsion and oil was measured by extractive gravimetric method. Various parameters viz., agitation time, pH, sorbent dosage and initial oil concentration for maximum sorption were optimized. In this study, the maximum oil removal percentage was found to be at pH 3.0 and a minimum contact time of 50min using prepared sorbent. The pH of the sorption studies revealed that oil sorption was favored in acidic condition. The sorbent was characterized using FTIR, SEM with EDAX, XRD, TGA and DSC; contact angle and heat of combustion. The experimental data were explained using Freundlich, Langmuir, D-R and Tempkin isotherms to find the best fit for the sorption process. Thermodynamic parameters such as ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS° were calculated to understand the nature of sorption process. This work provides a potential platform for the expansion of oil removal technology. PMID:27106157

  19. Improved wettability and adhesion of polylactic acid/chitosan coating for bio-based multilayer film development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gartner, Hunter [School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Li, Yana [Mechanical Engineering College, Wuhan Polytechnic University (China); Almenar, Eva, E-mail: ealmenar@msu.edu [School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States)

    2015-03-30

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Surface tension between PLA/CS blend solution and PLA film modified by MDI. • Better wettability between PLA/CS blend solution and PLA film by increasing MDI. • Increased breaking strength by increasing MDI due to the increased H-bonding. • Increased number of physical entanglements between PLA/CS coating and PLA film. • Development of a suitable bio-based multilayer film for food packaging applications. - Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of methyldiphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) concentration (0, 0.2, 1, 2, and 3%) on the wettability and adhesion of blend solutions of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and chitosan (CS) when coated on PLA film for development of a bio-based multi-layer film suitable for food packaging and other applications. Characterization was carried out by attenuated total reflectance infrared spectrometry (ATR-FTIR), contact angle (θ), mechanical adhesion pull-off testing, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The θ of the PLA/CS blend shifted to a lower value (41–35°) with increasing MDI concentration showing that the surface tension was modified between the PLA/CS blend solution and PLA film and better wettability was achieved. The increase in MDI also resulted in an increased breaking strength (228–303 kPa) due to the increased H-bonding resulting from the more urethane groups formed within the PLA/CS blend as shown by ATR-FTIR. The improved adhesion was also shown by the increased number of physical entanglements observed by SEM. It can be concluded that MDI can be used to improve wettability and adhesion between PLA/CS coating and PLA film.

  20. Improved wettability and adhesion of polylactic acid/chitosan coating for bio-based multilayer film development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Surface tension between PLA/CS blend solution and PLA film modified by MDI. • Better wettability between PLA/CS blend solution and PLA film by increasing MDI. • Increased breaking strength by increasing MDI due to the increased H-bonding. • Increased number of physical entanglements between PLA/CS coating and PLA film. • Development of a suitable bio-based multilayer film for food packaging applications. - Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of methyldiphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) concentration (0, 0.2, 1, 2, and 3%) on the wettability and adhesion of blend solutions of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and chitosan (CS) when coated on PLA film for development of a bio-based multi-layer film suitable for food packaging and other applications. Characterization was carried out by attenuated total reflectance infrared spectrometry (ATR-FTIR), contact angle (θ), mechanical adhesion pull-off testing, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The θ of the PLA/CS blend shifted to a lower value (41–35°) with increasing MDI concentration showing that the surface tension was modified between the PLA/CS blend solution and PLA film and better wettability was achieved. The increase in MDI also resulted in an increased breaking strength (228–303 kPa) due to the increased H-bonding resulting from the more urethane groups formed within the PLA/CS blend as shown by ATR-FTIR. The improved adhesion was also shown by the increased number of physical entanglements observed by SEM. It can be concluded that MDI can be used to improve wettability and adhesion between PLA/CS coating and PLA film

  1. A novel amperometric biosensor for superoxide anion based on superoxide dismutase immobilized on gold nanoparticle-chitosan-ionic liquid biocomposite film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Lu; Wen Wei; Xiong Huayu; Zhang Xiuhua; Gu Haoshuang [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); Wang Shengfu, E-mail: wangsf@hubu.edu.cn [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China)

    2013-01-03

    Graphical abstract: Schematic representation of the assembly process of SOD/GNPs-CS-IL/GCE. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SOD was immobilized in gold nanoparticles-chitosan-ionic liquid (GNPs-CS-IL) film. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The biosensor was constructed by one-step ultrasonic electrodeposition of GNPs-CS-IL onto GCE. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The biosensor showed excellent analytical performance for O{sub 2}{center_dot}{sup -} real-time analysis. - Abstract: A novel superoxide anion (O{sub 2}{center_dot}{sup -}) biosensor is proposed based on the immobilization of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD) in a gold nanoparticle-chitosan-ionic liquid (GNPs-CS-IL) biocomposite film. The SOD-based biosensor was constructed by one-step ultrasonic electrodeposition of GNP-CS-IL composite onto glassy carbon electrode (GCE), followed by immobilization of SOD on the modified electrode. Surface morphologies of a set of representative films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical performance of the biosensor was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. A pair of quasi-reversible redox peaks of SOD with a formal potential of 0.257 V was observed at SOD/GNPs-CS-IL/GCE in phosphate buffer solution (PBS, 0.1 M, pH 7.0). The effects of varying test conditions on the electrochemical behavior of the biosensor were investigated. Furthermore, several electrochemical parameters were calculated in detail. Based on the biomolecule recognition of the specific reactivity of SOD toward O{sub 2}{center_dot}{sup -}, the developed biosensor exhibited a fast amperometric response (<5 s), wide linear range (5.6-2.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} nM), low detection limit (1.7 nM), and excellent selectivity for the real-time measurement of O{sub 2}{center_dot}{sup -}. The proposed method is promising for estimating quantitatively the dynamic changes of O{sub 2}{center_dot}{sup -} in biological systems.

  2. Adsorption of Amido Black 10B from aqueous solutions onto Zr (IV) surface-immobilized cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lujie; Hu, Pan; Wang, Jing; Huang, Ruihua

    2016-04-01

    Zr(IV) surface-immobilized cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite was synthesized by immersing cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite in zirconium oxychloride solution, and characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy techniques. The adsorption of an anionic dye, Amido Black 10B, from aqueous solution by Zr(IV) loaded cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite was investigated as a function of loading amount of Zr(IV), adsorbent dosage, pH value of initial dye solution, and ionic strength. The removal of Amido Black 10B increased with an increase in loading amount of Zr(IV) and adsorbent dosage, but decreased with an increase in pH or ionic strength. The adsorption of AB10B onto Zr(IV) loaded cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite was favored at lower pH values and higher temperatures. The Langmuir isotherm model fitted well with the equilibrium adsorption isotherm data and the maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 418.4 mg/g at natural pH value and 298 K. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model well described the adsorption process of Amido Black 10B onto Zr(IV) loaded cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite. The possible mechanisms controlling Amido Black 10B adsorption included hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions.

  3. Preparation and characterization of nano-sized hydroxyapatite/alginate/chitosan composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hye-Lee; Jung, Gil-Yong; Yoon, Jun-Ho; Han, Jung-Suk; Park, Yoon-Jeong; Kim, Do-Gyoon; Zhang, Miqin; Kim, Dae-Joon

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to develop chitosan composite scaffolds with high strength and controlled pore structures by homogenously dispersed nano-sized hydroxyapatite (nano-HAp) powders. In the fabrication of composite scaffolds, nano-HAp powders distributed in an alginate (AG) solution with a pH higher than 10 were mixed with a chitosan (CS) solution and then freeze dried. While the HAp content increased up to 70 wt.%, the compressive strength and the elastic modulus of the composite scaffolds significantly increased from 0.27 MPa and 4.42 MPa to 0.68 MPa and 13.35 MPa, respectively. Higher content of the HAp also helped develop more differentiation and mineralization of the MC3T3-E1 cells on the composite scaffolds. The uniform pore structure and the excellent mechanical properties of the HAp/CS composite scaffolds likely resulted from the use of the AG solution at pH 10 as a dispersant for the nano-HAp powders. PMID:26046263

  4. A 'green' chitosan-silver nanoparticle composite as a heterogeneous as well as micro-heterogeneous catalyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we report on the catalytic activity of a new metal nanoparticle-polymer composite consisting of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) and environmentally friendly ('green') chitosan. The polymer (chitosan) not only acted as the reducing agent for the metal ions, but also stabilized the product NPs by anchoring them. The majority of the particles produced in this way had sizes less than 5 nm. The catalytic activity of the composite was investigated photometrically by monitoring the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4NP) in the presence of excess NaBH4 in water, under both heterogeneous and micro-heterogeneous conditions. The reaction was first order with respect to the concentration of 4NP. We also observed that the apparent rate constant, kapp, for the reaction was linearly dependent on the amount of Ag NPs present in the composite. Moreover, the turn-over frequency (TOF) of the catalyst was found to be (1.5 ± 0.3) x 10-3 s-1, when the reaction was carried out under heterogeneous conditions. The Ag NPs in the composite retained their catalytic activities even after using them for ten cycles. Our observations also suggest that the catalytic efficiency under micro-heterogeneous conditions is much higher than under heterogeneous conditions. Thus the composite we have represents an ideal case of an environmentally friendly and stable catalyst, which works under heterogeneous as well as micro-heterogeneous conditions with the advantage of nanoscopic particles as the catalyst

  5. Equilibrium and kinetic models on the adsorption of Reactive Black 5 from aqueous solution using Eichhornia crassipes/chitosan composite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Zawahry, Manal M; Abdelghaffar, Fatma; Abdelghaffar, Rehab A; Hassabo, Ahmed G

    2016-01-20

    New natural biopolymer composite was prepared using extracted cellulose from an environmentally problematic water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (EC). The extracted cellulose was functionalized by chitosan and TiO2 nanoparticles to form EC/Chitosan (EC/Cs) composite network. Surface characterization of EC/Cs natural biopolymer composite was examined by spectrum analysis FT-IR, specific surface area, micropore volume, pore width and SEM. Furthermore, the sorption experiments were carried out as a function of pH, various initial dye concentration and contact time. Experiment results showed that the EC/Cs composite have high ability to remove C.I. Reactive Black 5 from its dye-bath effluent. The equilibrium sorption evaluation of RB5 conformed and fitted well to Langmuir adsorption isotherm models and the maximum sorption capacity was 0.606 mg/g. The kinetic adsorption models followed pseudo-second order model and the dye intra-particle diffusion may suggesting a chemical reaction mechanism. Further, it was obvious from the investigation that this composite could be applied as a promising low cost adsorbent for anionic dye removal from aqueous solutions. PMID:26572382

  6. Potential applications of cellulose and chitosan nanoparticles/composites in wastewater treatment: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivera, Sharon; Muralidhara, Handanahally Basavarajaiah; Venkatesh, Krishna; Guna, Vijay Kumar; Gopalakrishna, Keshavanarayana; Kumar K, Yogesh

    2016-11-20

    This work concerns the investigation of potential candidature of cellulose and chitosan-based nano-sized materials for heavy metals and dyes removal. Cellulose and chitosan being the first two abundant biopolymers in nature offer wide opportunities to be utilized for high-end applications such as water purification. The nano-sized cellulose and nano-sized chitosan present superior adsorption behavior compared to their micro-sized counterparts. This area of research which explores the possible usage of nano-biopolymers is relatively new. The present review article outlines the development history of research in the field of cellulose and chitosan, various methods employed for the functionalization of the biopolymers, current stage of research, and mechanisms involved in adsorption of heavy metals and dyes using nanocellulose and nanochitosan. The significance of research using nano-biopolymers and future prospects are also identified. PMID:27561533

  7. Bio-based epoxy/chitin nanofiber composites cured with amine-type hardeners containing chitosan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, Mitsuhiro; Enjoji, Motohiro; Sakazume, Katsumi; Ifuku, Shinsuke

    2016-06-25

    Sorbitol polyglycidyl ether (SPE) which is a bio-based water-soluble epoxy resin was cured with chitosan (CS) and/or a commercial water-soluble polyamidoamine- or polyetheramine-type epoxy hardener (PAA or PEA). Furthermore, biocomposites of the CS-cured SPE (CS-SPE) and CS/PAA- or CS/PEA-cured SPE (SPE-CA or SPE-CE) biocomposites with chitin nanofiber (CNF) were prepared by casting and compression molding methods, respectively. The curing reaction of epoxy and amino groups of the reactants was confirmed by the FT-IR spectral analysis. SPE-CS and SPE-CA were almost transparent films, while SPE-CE was opaque. Transparency of SPE-CS/CNF and SPE-CA/CNF became a little worse with increasing CNF content. The tanδ peak temperature of SPE-CS was higher than those of SPE-PAA and SPE-PEA. SPE-CA or SPE-CE exhibited two tanδ peak temperatures related to glass transitions of the CS-rich and PAA-rich or PEA-rich moieties. The tanδ peak temperatures related to the CS-rich and PAA-rich moieties increased with increasing CNF content. A higher order of tensile strengths and moduli of the cured resins was SPE-CS≫SPE-CA>SPE-CE. The tensile strength and modulus of each sample were much improved by the addition of 3wt% CNF, while further addition of CNF caused a lowering of the strength and modulus. PMID:27083797

  8. Preparation and characterization of aloe vera blended collagen-chitosan composite scaffold for tissue engineering applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jithendra, Panneerselvam; Rajam, Abraham Merlin; Kalaivani, Thambiran; Mandal, Asit Baran; Rose, Chellan

    2013-08-14

    Collagen-Chitosan (COL-CS) scaffolds supplemented with different concentrations (0.1-0.5%) of aloe vera (AV) were prepared and tested in vitro for their possible application in tissue engineering. After studying the microstructure and mechanical properties of all the composite preparations, a 0.2% AV blended COL-CS scaffold was chosen for further studies. Scaffolds were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) to understand the intermolecular interactions and their influence on the thermal property of the complex composite. Swelling property in phosphate buffered saline (pH 7.4) and in vitro biodegradability by collagenase digestion method were monitored to assess the stability of the scaffold in a physiological medium in a hydrated condition, and to assay its resistance against enzymatic forces. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the scaffold samples showed porous architecture with gradual change in their morphology and reduced tensile properties with increasing aloe vera concentration. The FTIR spectrum revealed the overlap of the AV absorption peak with the absorption peak of COL-CS. The inclusion of AV to COL-CS increased the thermal stability as well as hydrophilicity of the scaffolds. Cell culture studies on the scaffold showed enhanced growth and proliferation of fibroblasts (3T3L1) without exhibiting any toxicity. Also, normal cell morphology and proliferation were observed by fluorescence microscopy and SEM. The rate of cell growth in the presence/absence of aloe vera in the scaffolds was in the order: COL-CS-AV > COL-CS > TCP (tissue culture polystyrene plate). These results suggested that the aloe vera gel-blended COL-CS scaffolds could be a promising candidate for tissue engineering applications. PMID:23838342

  9. Improvement of application properties of chitosan-based food packaging films by lavender essential oil%薰衣草精油改善壳聚糖基食品包装膜的应用品质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张赟彬; 王景文; 李月霞; 王一非; 姜萍萍; 刘笑宇

    2014-01-01

    potential biodegradable material due to its edibility, film-forming capacity, non-toxicity, antibacterial activity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. Traditional chitosan-based composite films are made by the casting-evaporation method. However, inferior waterproof and mechanical properties limit their applications in food package industries. Many researches have been conducted to improve the CS film. Incorporating one or several substancesinto CS film have been widespreadly used. Moreover, acetic acid and chitosan-acetate can be removed from traditionally prepared CS film by alkali leaching, resulting in lower film water-solubility. Lavender essential oil (LEO) can be used as sedative, antispasmodic, antiviral and bacteriostat in industries of perfume, aromatherapy and pharmacy. LEO can also be used as a natural spice in drink, ice cream, candy, bakery and chewing gum. In order to improve the physical and mechanical properties of conventional chitosan-based food packaging films, lavender essential oil/chitosan composite films were made with CS by casting-evaporation-alkali leaching method in this study. The films microstructures were characterized by Fourier transform infrared reflectance spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD). The impacts of LEO content on the thickness, mechanical properties, volatiles content, water contact angle, water solubility and swelling property of films were investigated. The results indicated that the partial functional group’s locations of CS matrix were occupied by the LEO ingredients with reduced vibration intensity of covalent bond of CS. Reduced free hydrogen group could form hydrophilic bonds with water, then resulted in the loss of moisture content of films. Moreover, Chitosan-acetate content increased by incorporating LEO. The thicknesses of all films ranged from (20.60±0.34) μm to (23.35±0.65) μm. There was no linear relationship between the film thickness and LEO concentration. Tensile strength (TS) and elongation at

  10. Improved wettability and adhesion of polylactic acid/chitosan coating for bio-based multilayer film development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gartner, Hunter; Li, Yana; Almenar, Eva

    2015-03-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of methyldiphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) concentration (0, 0.2, 1, 2, and 3%) on the wettability and adhesion of blend solutions of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and chitosan (CS) when coated on PLA film for development of a bio-based multi-layer film suitable for food packaging and other applications. Characterization was carried out by attenuated total reflectance infrared spectrometry (ATR-FTIR), contact angle (θ), mechanical adhesion pull-off testing, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The θ of the PLA/CS blend shifted to a lower value (41-35°) with increasing MDI concentration showing that the surface tension was modified between the PLA/CS blend solution and PLA film and better wettability was achieved. The increase in MDI also resulted in an increased breaking strength (228-303 kPa) due to the increased H-bonding resulting from the more urethane groups formed within the PLA/CS blend as shown by ATR-FTIR. The improved adhesion was also shown by the increased number of physical entanglements observed by SEM. It can be concluded that MDI can be used to improve wettability and adhesion between PLA/CS coating and PLA film.

  11. Construction of antibacterial poly(ethylene terephthalate) films via layer by layer assembly of chitosan and hyaluronic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Hoyo-Gallego, Sara; Pérez-Álvarez, Leyre; Gómez-Galván, Flor; Lizundia, Erlantz; Kuritka, Ivo; Sedlarik, Vladimir; Laza, Jose Manuel; Vila-Vilela, Jose Luis

    2016-06-01

    Polyelectrolytic multilayers (PEMs) with enhanced antibacterial properties were built up onto commercial poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) films based on the layer by layer assembling of bacterial contact killing chitosan and bacterial repelling highly hydrated hyaluronic acid. The optimization of the aminolysis modification reaction of PET was carried out by the study of the mechanical properties and the surface characterization of the modified polymers. The layer by layer assembly was successfully monitored by TEM microscopy, surface zeta-potential, contact angle measurements and, after labeling with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FTIC) by absorption spectroscopy and confocal fluorescent microscopy. Beside, the stability of the PEMs was studied at physiological conditions in absence and in the presence of lysozyme and hyaluronidase enzymes. Antibacterial properties of the obtained PEMs against Escherichia coli were compared with original commercial PET. PMID:27083341

  12. Molybdenum disulfide nanoflower-chitosan-Au nanoparticles composites based electrochemical sensing platform for bisphenol A determination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Ke-Jing, E-mail: kejinghuang@163.com [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000 (China); State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Liu, Yu-Jie; Liu, Yan-Ming; Wang, Ling-Ling [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000 (China)

    2014-07-15

    Highlights: • This work constructs a novel electrochemical biosensor for bisphenol A detection. • Flower-like MoS{sub 2} are prepared by a simple hydrothermal procedure. • AuNPs are assembled on MoS{sub 2} nanoflowers modified electrode for signal amplification. • The developed sensor exhibits low detection limit and wide linear range. - Abstract: Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide are attracting increasing attention in electrochemical sensing due to their unique electronic properties. In this work, flower-like molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) was prepared by a simple hydrothermal method. The scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images showed the MoS{sub 2} nanoflower had sizes with diameter of about 200 nm and was constructed with many irregular sheets as a petal-like structure with thickness of several nanometers. A novel electrochemical sensor was constructed for the determination of bisphenol A (BPA) based on MoS{sub 2} and chitosan-gold nanoparticles composites modified electrode. The sensor showed an efficient electrocatalytic role for the oxidation of BPA, and the oxidation overpotentials of BPA decreased significantly and the peak current increased greatly compared with bare GCE and other modified electrode. A good linear relationship between the oxidation peak current and BPA concentration was obtained in the range from 0.05 to 100 μM with a detection limit of 5.0 × 10{sup −9} M (S/N = 3). The developed sensor exhibited high sensitivity and long-term stability, and it was successfully applied for the determination of BPA in different samples. This work indicated MoS{sub 2} nanoflowers were promising in electrochemical sensing and catalytic applications.

  13. Molybdenum disulfide nanoflower-chitosan-Au nanoparticles composites based electrochemical sensing platform for bisphenol A determination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • This work constructs a novel electrochemical biosensor for bisphenol A detection. • Flower-like MoS2 are prepared by a simple hydrothermal procedure. • AuNPs are assembled on MoS2 nanoflowers modified electrode for signal amplification. • The developed sensor exhibits low detection limit and wide linear range. - Abstract: Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide are attracting increasing attention in electrochemical sensing due to their unique electronic properties. In this work, flower-like molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) was prepared by a simple hydrothermal method. The scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images showed the MoS2 nanoflower had sizes with diameter of about 200 nm and was constructed with many irregular sheets as a petal-like structure with thickness of several nanometers. A novel electrochemical sensor was constructed for the determination of bisphenol A (BPA) based on MoS2 and chitosan-gold nanoparticles composites modified electrode. The sensor showed an efficient electrocatalytic role for the oxidation of BPA, and the oxidation overpotentials of BPA decreased significantly and the peak current increased greatly compared with bare GCE and other modified electrode. A good linear relationship between the oxidation peak current and BPA concentration was obtained in the range from 0.05 to 100 μM with a detection limit of 5.0 × 10−9 M (S/N = 3). The developed sensor exhibited high sensitivity and long-term stability, and it was successfully applied for the determination of BPA in different samples. This work indicated MoS2 nanoflowers were promising in electrochemical sensing and catalytic applications

  14. Advances in allogenic bone graft processing and usage: preparation and evaluation of chitosan-demineralized cancellous bone powder composite scaffolds as a bone graft substitute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is currently used by surgeons. It usually exists as a lyophilized powder which is difficult to handle and operated. In this study, we try to improve these disadvantages by combining DBM with a biomaterial. It focuses on a natural biodegradable polymer, chitosan, to act as a temporary matrix for bone growth that easily prepare in any size and shape by using tissue engineering knowledge to get a proper temporary matrix. Thus, the development of chitosan-demineralized bone powder composite scaffold is an alternative way. Polymeric scaffold has been demonstrated to have great potential for tissue engineering because the scaffold or three dimension (3D) construct provides the necessary support for cells to proliferate, extracellular matrix deposition and vascularization of neo-tissue. Moreover, chitosan, a natural cationic polymer which its structural is similar to extracellular matrix glycosaminoblycans, is biodegradable, biocompatible, non-antigenic and biofunctional. It can enhance osteoblast cells proliferation and mineral matrix deposition in culture. The first study was to fabricate and analyze composite scaffold composed of either chitosan-demineralized cancellous bone powders or chitosan-demineralized cancellous cartilage bone powders in a ratio 50:50 and 70:30 w/w (chitosan : bone powders) based on physical properties composing of average pore diameter, mechanical integrity and swelling property. Secondly, scaffolds were evaluated in term of biological properties composing of their ability to support neo osteogenesis, including assessments of cell attachment and viability, cell morphology, and the biosynthesis of extracellular matrix. Results indicated that chitosan-demineralized cancellous bone powder composite scaffolds possessing an interconnecting, porous structure could be easily created through a simple freezing and lyophilization process. (Author)

  15. Functionalization of electrochemically deposited chitosan films with alginate and Prussian blue for enhanced performance of microbial fuel cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Preparation of biocompatible chitosan–alginate electrode. • The synergism between Acetobacter aceti and Gluconobacter roseus. • Better biofilm formation and enhanced electricity generation. • Immobilized Prussian blue system replaces the conventional ferricyanide system. - Abstract: This work is aimed at finding new strategies for the modification of anode and cathode that can lead to improved performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The electrochemical deposition of chitosan onto carbon felt followed by further modification with alginate led to the formation of a biocompatible platform for the prolific growth of microorganisms on the anode (Chit–Alg/carbon felt anode). The novel modification strategy for the formation of Prussian blue film, on the electrochemically deposited chitosan layer, has helped in circumventing the disadvantages of using ferricyanide in the cathode compartment and also for improving the electron transfer characteristics of the film in phosphate buffer. The anode was tested for its efficacy with four different substrates viz., glucose, ethanol, acetate and grape juice in a two compartment MFC. The synergistic effect of the mixed culture of Acetobacter aceti and Gluconobacter roseus was utilized for current generation. The electrocatalytic activity of the biofilm and its morphology were characterized by cyclic voltammetry and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The power densities were found to be 1.55 W/m3, 2.80 W/m3, 1.73 W/m3 and 3.87 W/m3 for glucose, ethanol, acetate and grape juice, respectively. The performance improved by 20.75% when compared to the bare electrode

  16. Preparation and properties of chitosan nanocomposite films reinforced by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) treated carbon nanotubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Tongfei; Pan Yongzheng; Bao Hongqian [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, 639798 (Singapore); Li Lin, E-mail: mlli@ntu.edu.sg [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, 639798 (Singapore)

    2011-10-03

    Highlights: {yields} Chitosan-based nanocomposites prepared from PEDOT-PSS treated MWCNTs. {yields} PEDOT-PSS served as a bridge to improve the dispersion of MWCNTs and interfacial compatibility between MWCNTs and chitosan. {yields} The mechanical properties of chitosan were significantly improved by PEDOT-PSS treated MWCNTs at a small loading. - Abstract: Carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites of chitosan were successfully prepared by a simple solution-evaporation method. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were treated by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate)(PEDOT-PSS) in water before mixed with a chitosan solution to improve the dispersion of MWCNTs and interfacial compatibility between MWCNTs and chitosan. The morphological and mechanical properties of the prepared PEDOT-PSS/MWCNT/chitosan nanocomposites have been characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and tensile tests. MWCNTs were observed to be homogeneously dispersed throughout the chitosan matrix. As compared with the neat chitosan, the tensile strength and modulus of the nanocomposite were greatly improved by about 61% and 34%, respectively, with incorporation of only 0.5 wt.% of MWCNTs into the chitosan matrix. The comparison of mechanical properties for PEDOT-PSS/MWCNT/chitosan and pristine MWCNT/chitosan nanocomposites has been made. The hardness of the nanocomposites was also evaluated by nanoindentation.

  17. Preparation and properties of chitosan nanocomposite films reinforced by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) treated carbon nanotubes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → Chitosan-based nanocomposites prepared from PEDOT-PSS treated MWCNTs. → PEDOT-PSS served as a bridge to improve the dispersion of MWCNTs and interfacial compatibility between MWCNTs and chitosan. → The mechanical properties of chitosan were significantly improved by PEDOT-PSS treated MWCNTs at a small loading. - Abstract: Carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites of chitosan were successfully prepared by a simple solution-evaporation method. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were treated by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate)(PEDOT-PSS) in water before mixed with a chitosan solution to improve the dispersion of MWCNTs and interfacial compatibility between MWCNTs and chitosan. The morphological and mechanical properties of the prepared PEDOT-PSS/MWCNT/chitosan nanocomposites have been characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and tensile tests. MWCNTs were observed to be homogeneously dispersed throughout the chitosan matrix. As compared with the neat chitosan, the tensile strength and modulus of the nanocomposite were greatly improved by about 61% and 34%, respectively, with incorporation of only 0.5 wt.% of MWCNTs into the chitosan matrix. The comparison of mechanical properties for PEDOT-PSS/MWCNT/chitosan and pristine MWCNT/chitosan nanocomposites has been made. The hardness of the nanocomposites was also evaluated by nanoindentation.

  18. Preparation of antioxidant active films based on chitosan: diffusivity study of α-tocopherol into food simulants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otero-Pazos, P; Sendón, R; Blanco-Fernandez, B; Blanco-Dorado, S; Alvarez-Lorenzo, C; Concheiro, A; Angulo, I; Paseiro-Losada, P; Rodríguez-Bernaldo de Quirós, A

    2016-06-01

    New active films based on chitosan and polycaprolactone blends and containing α-tocopherol were designed for food packaging applications. Mechanical properties, stability against temperature and swelling degree in 50 % ethanol (v/v) were evaluated. Migration kinetics of α-tocopherol from the developed films into butter and food simulants [50 % ethanol (v/v), 95 % ethanol (v/v), and isooctane] at different temperatures were studied. α-Tocopherol was quantified in the food simulants by means of high performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection at 292 nm. The proposed method exhibited a good sensitivity with a limit of detection of 0.1 mg/L. The kinetics release of α-tocopherol was characterized by determining the partition and the diffusion coefficients by using a mathematical modeling based on Fick's Second Law. The diffusion coefficients obtained ranged between 1.03 × 10(-13) and 2.24 × 10(-12) cm(2)/s for 95 % ethanol (v/v) at 4 and 20 °C, respectively. Developed films maintained the antioxidant activity for more than 20 days. PMID:27478238

  19. Experimental Research on Differentiation-Inducing Growth of Nerve Lateral Bud by HUC-MSCs Chitosan Composite Conduit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Qiang; Zhang, Xuepu; Wu, Yuexin

    2015-11-01

    This study is intended to explore the role of human umbilical-cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUC-MSCs) in nerve end-to-side anastomosis, as well as in the induction and promotion of growth of nerve lateral bud. The chitosan nerve conduit was prepared based on the biological characteristics of chitosan, and the nerve conduit was filled with HUC-MSCs, and was used to bridge the nerve end-to-side anastomotic stoma. The experimental animals were randomly assigned into three groups (10 in each group), and the nerve end-to-side anastomosis was conducted: (1) group A (control group): traditional tibial nerve-common peroneal nerve end-to-side anastomosis; (2) group B (experimental group 1): tibial nerve-common peroneal nerve end-to-side anastomotic stoma bridged with chitosan nerve conduit; (3) group C (experimental group 2): tibial nerve-common peroneal nerve end-to-side anastomotic stoma bridged by chitosan nerve conduit filled with HUC-MSCs. General morphological observation, nerve electrophysiology, and anti-S-100 immunohistochemistry were performed. All experimental animals survived, and no infections were found at operative incisions. The nerve continuity was in good condition through visual observation when sampling, which is mild adhesion to the surrounding tissue and easy to be separated. 12 W HUC-MSCs chitosan composite nerve conduits were degraded completely after operation. Electrophysiological test showed that the nerve conduction velocity (NCV) in group C was significantly higher than that in group A or group B (p myelin sheath thickness in group C were larger than those in group A or B. There were no significant differences between the numbers of the medullated fibers and between the myelin sheath thicknesses of groups A and B. By means of anti-S-100 immunohistochemistry, the arrangement of a large number of brown-red proliferating schwann cells around the regenerated nerve fibers in group C could be found, while fewer and sparse brown-red matters

  20. Effect of packaging with Chitosan biodegradable films formulated with Garlic essential oil (Allium sativum L. on the chemical properties of chicken fillet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Molaee Aghaee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Considering the environmental problems raised from current plastic packaging, edible and biodegradable films could be developed and also be effective in controlling the chemical and microbial properties of food especially if their effect be strengthened by adding natural antioxidant and antimicrobial agents like herbal essential oils. This study aimed at assessing the effect of packaging with chitosan film containing garlic essential oil on the chemical changes of chicken fillet during storage at refrigeration temperature. Materials and Methods: Different levels of garlic essential oil (0, 0.5, 1 and 2% were used in chitosan film preparation. Through casting method and using glycerol as plasticizer and tween 80 as emulsifier, different films were prepared after homogenization and molding. Chemical tests were conducted in days 0, 2, 4, 7, 10, and 14 on chicken fillets covered with different films and stored at 4 °C. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software. Results: Samples covered with different films showed lower values for pH, total volatile nitrogen (TVN, Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARs, and peroxide index (P.V compared with controls during the study (p &le 0.05. Generally, a dose-dependent trend was observed by essential oil addition. Conclusion: Chicken packaging with chitosan film especially by adding various levels of garlic essential oil could had a preventive effect on major chemical spoilage factors. Considering the relatively similar preventive effect of 1 and 2 % essential oil levels and also economic aspects, optimum dose for essential oil could be 1 % in the film.

  1. Adsorption of emulsified oil from metalworking fluid on activated bleaching earth-chitosan-SDS composites: Optimization, kinetics, isotherms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naowanat, Nitiya; Thouchprasitchai, Nutthavich; Pongstabodee, Sangobtip

    2016-03-15

    The adsorption of emulsified oil from metalworking fluid (MWF) on activated bleaching earth (BE)-chitosan-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) composites (BE/MCS) was investigated under a statistical design of experiments at a 95% confidence interval to identify the critical factors and to optimize the adsorption capacity. The BE/MCS adsorbents were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller adsorption/desorption isotherms, contact angle analysis (sessile drop technique) and their zeta potential. From the results of a full 2(5) factorial design with three center points, the adsorbent weight and initial pH of the MWF had a significant antagonistic effect on the adsorption capacity while the initial MWF concentration and BE:chitosan:SDS weight ratio had a synergistic influence. Temperature factor has no discernible effect on the capacity. From the FCCC-RSM design, the optimal capacity range of 2840-2922.5 mg g(-1) was achieved at sorbent weight of 1.6-1.9 g, pH of 5.5-6.5, initial MWF concentration of 52-55 g l(-1) and BE:chitosan:SDS (w/w/w) ratio of 4.7:1:1-6.2:1:1. To test the validation and sensitivity of RSM model, the results showed that the estimated adsorption capacity was close to the experimental capacity within an error range of ±3%, suggesting that the RSM model was acceptable and satisfied. From three kinetics models (pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order model and Avrami's equation) and two adsorption isotherms (Langmuir model and Freundlich model), assessed using an error function (Err) and the coefficient of determination (R(2)), Avrami's equation and Freundlich isotherm model provided a good fitting for the data, suggesting the presence of more than one reaction pathway in the MWF adsorption process and the heterogeneous surface adsorption of the BC/ABE-5.5 composite. PMID:26731309

  2. Electrochemical Formation of Polypyrrole-carboxymethylcellulose Conducting Polymer Composite Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    H.N.M. Ekramul Mahmud; Anuar Kassim; Zulkarnain Zainal; Wan Mahmood Mat Yunus

    2005-01-01

    The electrochemical preparation of polypyrrole-carboxymethylcellulose (PPY-CMC) conducting polymer composite films on indium tin oxide (ITO) glass electrode from an aqueous solution containing pyrrole monomer, ptoluenesulfonate electrolyte and carboxymethylcellulose insulating polymer is reported. The characterization by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) shows that carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) has been successfully incorporated into polypyrrole structure forming PPY-CMC polymer composite films. The conductivity of the prepared composite films was found to increase with increaseing CMC concentration in pyrrole solution. The optical microscopic results show the influence of CMC concentration in the pyrrole solution over the morphological changes of the prepared films. The dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) on the prepared PPY-CMC film reveals the higher plastic property of the PPY-CMC composite film.

  3. Adsorption of Waste Metal Cr(VI) with Composite Membranes (Chitosan-Silica Rice Husks)

    OpenAIRE

    Fifia Zulti

    2012-01-01

    Chromium compounds are widely used in modern industry. Many of these compounds are dumped into the surrounding environment. Membrane technology is more efficient and effective than conventional methods for waste treatment. The research objective is to make a membrane separation process that can be applied to Cr(VI). Membranes are made from chitosan and silica rice husks. Variations of chitosan and silica rice husk used (g) are 2:1 (A1), 2:2 (A2), 3:1 (B1), and 3:2 (B2). The membrane is made b...

  4. Deposition, structure, physical and invitro characteristics of Ag-doped β-Ca3(PO4)2/chitosan hybrid composite coatings on Titanium metal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ram Kishore; Awasthi, Sharad; Dhayalan, Arunkumar; Ferreira, J M F; Kannan, S

    2016-05-01

    Pure and five silver-doped (0-5Ag) β-tricalcium phosphate [β-TCP, β-Ca3(PO4)2]/chitosan composite coatings were deposited on Titanium (Ti) substrates and their properties that are relevant for applications in hard tissue replacements were assessed. Silver, β-TCP and chitosan were combined to profit from their salient and complementary antibacterial and biocompatible features.The β-Ca3(PO4)2 powders were synthesized by co-precipitation. The characterization results confirmed the Ag(+) occupancy at the crystal lattice of β-Ca3(PO4)2. The Ag-dopedβ-Ca3(PO4)2/chitosan composite coatings deposited by electrophoresis showed good antibacterial activity and exhibited negative cytotoxic effects towards the human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63. The morphology of the coatings was observed by SEM and their efficiency against corrosion of metallic substrates was determined through potentiodynamic polarization tests. PMID:26952474

  5. Surface composition analysis of PP films treated by corona discharge

    OpenAIRE

    Sellin Noeli; Campos João Sinézio de C.

    2003-01-01

    Polypropylene films (PP) surface treated by corona discharge in air was analyzed to verify the changes on surface composition. The presence of oxidized polar groups on the film surface, mainly, C=O, C-O and COH, was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR/ATR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed a dramatic change in the morphology and provided qualitative results of the chemical composition (new structures). Contact angle (q) of the PP films decreased after corona treatment indicating...

  6. Characterization and antibacterial performance of electrodeposited chitosan-vancomycin composite coatings for prevention of implant-associated infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordikhani, F; Tamjid, E; Simchi, A

    2014-08-01

    Orthopaedic implant-associated infections are one of the most serious complications in orthopaedic surgery and a major cause of implant failure. In the present work, drug-eluting coatings based on chitosan containing various amounts of vancomycin were prepared by a cathodic electrophoretic deposition process on titanium foils. A three-step release mechanism of the antibiotic from the films in a phosphate-buffered saline solution was noticed. At the early stage, physical encapsulation of the drug in the hydrogel network controlled the release rate. At the late stage, however, in vitro degradation/deattachment of chitosan was responsible for the controlled release. Cytotoxicity evaluation of the drug-eluting coatings via culturing in human osteosarcoma cells (MG-63 osteoblast-like cell line) showed no adverse effect on the biocompatibility. Antibacterial tests against Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus also demonstrated that the infection risk of titanium foils was significantly reduced due to the antibiotic release. Additionally, in vitro electrochemical corrosion studies by polarization technique revealed that the corrosion current density was significantly lower for the titanium foils with drug-eluting coatings compared to that of uncoated titanium. PMID:24907757

  7. Simultaneous removal of acid green 25 and mercury ions from aqueous solutions using glutamine modified chitosan magnetic composite microspheres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Xue; Li, Kun; Yan, Han; Yang, Hu; Li, Aimin

    2016-02-01

    In this current work, the magnetic composite microsphere containing glutamine modified chitosan and silica coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (CS-Gln-MCM) has been successfully prepared and extensively characterized, which is a kind of biodegradable materials. CS-Gln-MCM shows enhanced removal efficiency for both acid green 25 (AG25), an amphoteric dye, and mercury ions (Hg(2+)) from water in the respective while measured pH range compared with chitosan magnetic composite microsphere (CS-MCM) without modification. It is due to the fact that the grafted amino acid provides a variety of additional adsorption active sites and diverse adsorption mechanisms are involved. In AG25 and Hg(2+) aqueous mixture, the modified adsorbents bear preferential adsorption for AG25 over Hg(2+) in strong acidic solutions ascribed to multiple interactions between AG25 and CS-Gln-MCM, such as hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions. While, in weak acidic conditions, an efficient simultaneous removal is observed for different adsorption effects involved in aforementioned two pollutants. Besides, CS-Gln-MCM illuminates not only short equilibrium time for adsorption of each pollutant less than 20.0 min but also rapid magnetic separation from water and efficient regeneration after saturated adsorption. Therefore, CS-Gln-MCM bears great application potentials in water treatment. PMID:26618263

  8. Effect of plasticizers on behavior of chitosan/chitin nanofibrils composite

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kelnar, Ivan; Morganti, P.; Carezzi, F.; Tishchenko, Galina; Kovářová, Jana; Pavlova, Ewa

    Moscow : Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2014. s. 505. [International Conference on Nanostructured Materials /12./ - NANO 2014. 13.07.2014-18.07.2014, Moscow] EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 315233 - N-CHITOPACK Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : chitin nanofibrils * chitosan * nanocomposite Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry

  9. Chitosan Derivatives/Calcium Carbonate Composite Capsules Prepared by the Layer-by-Layer Deposition Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kensuke Sakurai

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Core/shell capsules composed of calcium carbonate whisker core (rod-like shape and chitosan/chitosansulfate shell were prepared by the layer-by-layer deposition technique. Two chitosan samples of different molecular weights (Mw=9.7×104 and 1.09×106g·mol-1 were used as original materials. Hollow capsules were also obtained by dissolution of the core in hydrochloric acid. Electron microscopy revealed that the surface of the shell is rather ragged associated with some agglomerates. The shell thickness l obeys a linear relation with respect to the number of deposited layers m as l=md+a(a>0. The values of d (thickness per layer were 4.0 and 1.0 nm for the higher and lower Mw chitosan materials, respectively, both of which are greater than the thickness of the monolayer. The results suggest that the feature of the deposition does not obey an ideal homogeneous monolayer-by-monolayer deposition mechanism. Shell crosslinked capsules were also prepared via photodimerization reaction of cinnamoyl groups after a deposition of cinnamoyl chitosan to the calcium carbonate whisker core. The degree of crosslink was not enough to stabilize the shell structure, and hollow capsule was not obtained.

  10. ZnO Nanoparticles-Chitosan Composite as Antibacterial Finish for Textiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmaa Farouk

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The antibacterial performance of sol-gel-derived inorganic-organic hybrid polymers filled with ZnO nanoparticles-chitosan against a gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and a gram-positive Micrococcus luteus has been investigated. Three different molecular weights (MW of chitosan (CTS 1.36 · 105, 2.2 · 105, and 3.0 · 105 Da with equal degree of deacetylation (DD, 85% (coded as S 85-60, He 85-250, and He 85-500 with equal degree of deacetylation (DD, 85% were examined. ZnO was prepared by the base hydrolysis of zinc acetate in isopropanol using lithium hydroxide (LiOH · H2O to hydrolyze the precursor. Sol-gel-based inorganic-organic hybrid polymers were modified with these oxides and were applied to cellulosic cotton (100% and cotton/polyester (65/35% fabrics. Inorganic-organic hybrids polymers were based on 3-glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS. Bacteriological tests were performed in nutrient agar media on solid agar plates and in liquid broth systems using ZnO nanoparticles with average particle size of (40 nm. Our study showed the enhanced antibacterial activity of ZnO nanoparticles chitosan (different MW of against a gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli DSMZ 498 and a gram-positive Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341 in repeated experiments. The antibacterial activity of textile treated with ZnO nanoparticles chitosan increases with decreasing the molecular weight of chitosan.

  11. Cotton fabric with plasma pretreatment and ZnO/Carboxymethyl chitosan composite finishing for durable UV resistance and antibacterial property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chunxia; Lv, Jingchun; Ren, Yu; Zhou, Qingqing; Chen, Jiayi; Zhi, Tian; Lu, Zhenqian; Gao, Dawei; Ma, Zhipeng; Jin, Limin

    2016-03-15

    ZnO/carboxymethyl chitosan (ZnO/CMCS) composite was prepared and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The combination of plasma pretreatment and ZnO/CMCS composite finishing was applied to provide durable UV resistance and antibacterial activity for cotton fabric. Cotton fabric was pretreated by cold oxygen plasma and the ZnO/CMCS composite finishing was carried out by pad-dry-cure. Cotton fabric was characterized by SEM, FTIR, UV resistance, antibacterial activity and Thermogravimetry (TG). SEM and FTIR analysis demonstrated the presence of ZnO/CMCS composite on cotton fabric and the increasing loading efficiency of ZnO/CMCS composite owing to plasma treatment. UV resistance and antibacterial activity of the finished cotton fabric were greatly improved, which increased with the increasing concentration of ZnO/CMCS composite. TG analysis indicated that the combined finishing of cotton fabric with plasma pretreatment and ZnO/CMCS composite could improve its thermal property. The finished cotton fabric exhibited an excellent laundering durability in UV resistance and antibacterial activity. PMID:26794743

  12. Enhancement of Egyptian soft white cheese shelf life using a novel chitosan/carboxymethyl cellulose/zinc oxide bionanocomposite film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youssef, Ahmed M; El-Sayed, Samah M; El-Sayed, Hoda S; Salama, Heba H; Dufresne, Alain

    2016-10-20

    A novel bionanocomposites packaging material prepared using chitosan (CH), carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs), namely CH/CMC/ZnO bionanocomposites, was prepared by casting method. The CH/CMC/ZnO bionanocomposites were investigated using FT-IR, TEM, SEM, XRD, and TGA. The acquired bionanocomposites exhibited improved mechanical and thermal properties compare with the biocomposites (CH/CMC) blend. The soft white cheese were manufactured, packaged within the prepared bionanocomposites films and stored at 7°C for 30days. The influence of packaging material on packaged cheese (rheological properties, colour measurements, moisture, pH and titratable acidity) were assessed. Furthermore, the effect of packaging material on the total bacterial counts, mold & yeast and coliform in cheese was evaluated. The prepared bionanocomposites displayed good antibacterial activity against gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus), gram negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli) bacteria and fungi (Candidia albicans). Moreover, the packaging films assisted in increasing the shelf life of white soft cheese. Therefore, it can be used in food packaging applications. PMID:27474538

  13. Ectopic osteogenic tissue formation by MC3T3-E1 cell-laden chitosan/hydroxyapatite composite scaffold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koç, Aysel; Elçin, Ayşe Eser; Elçin, Yaşar Murat

    2016-09-01

    This study evaluates the suitability of a macroporous three-dimensional chitosan/hydroxyapatite (CS/HA) composite as a bone tissue engineering scaffold using MC3T3-E1 cells. The CS/HA scaffold was produced by freeze-drying, and characterized by means of SEM and FTIR. In vitro findings demonstrated that CS/HA supported attachment and proliferation of cells, and stimulated extracellular matrix (ECM) production. Tissue biocompatibility and osteogenic capacity of the cell-laden constructs were evaluated in an ectopic Wistar rat model. In vivo results showed that the MC3T3-E1 cell-laden CS/HA was essentially histocompatible, promoted neovascularization and calcified matrix formation, and secreted osteoblast-specific protein. We conclude that the composite scaffold evaluated has potential for applications in bone regeneration. PMID:25968048

  14. Adsorption of methyl orange (MO) by Zr (IV)-immobilized cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lujie; Hu, Pan; Wang, Jing; Liu, Qian; Huang, Ruihua

    2015-11-01

    A Zr (IV)-immobilized cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite was synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction techniques. This composite was utilized for the removal of methyl orange (MO) from aqueous solutions. Effects of the loading amount of Zr (IV), initial pH value of MO solutions, adsorbent dosage, and contact time on MO adsorption were considered. The adsorption isotherm data were well described by the Langmuir model, and the maximum adsorption capacity was 438.6mg/g at 303K and natural pH. The kinetic data were well described by the pseudo-second-order model. The thermodynamic data showed that the adsorption process of MO was feasible, spontaneous, and exothermic in nature. PMID:26366533

  15. Alginate/chitosan based bi-layer composite membrane as potential sustained-release wound dressing containing ciprofloxacin hydrochloride

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Fei; Dong, Yang; Song, Aihua; Yin, Ran; Li, Sanming

    2014-08-01

    The aims of this research were to develop and evaluate a novel ciprofloxacin hydrochloride loaded bi-layer composite membrane based on alginate and chitosan. In vitro antimicrobial activity, drug permeation study, morphology, cytotoxicity, primary skin irritation and in vivo pharmacodynamics were investigated. Results showed that the membranes could inhibit the growth of microorganisms for longer than 7 days. And there was no significant decrease in the metabolic activity of the Hacat fibroblasts cells were treated with the membranes. No edema and erythema were observed after administration of membranes on the rabbit skin after 14 days. Moreover, the results of pharmacodynamics showed that the membranes were more effective in improving the wound healing process. In conclusion, a novel bi-layer composite membrane was developed and results suggested that it could be exploited as sustained-release wound dressings.

  16. Chitosan/whey Protein (CWP) Edible Films Efficiency for Controlling Mould Growth and on Microbiological, Chemical and Sensory Properties During Storage of Göbek Kashar Cheese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yangılar, Filiz

    2015-01-01

    The objective of present study was to evaluate the effects of the application of chitosan and chitosan/whey protein on the chemical, microbial and organoleptic properties of Göbek Kashar cheese during ripening time (on 3(rd), 30(th), 60(th) and 90(th) d). Difference in microbiological and chemical changes between samples was found to be significant (pedible coating had statistically lower mould counts compared to the uncoated samples. Furthermore the highest and lowest mould counts were determined in control (4.20 Log CFU/g) and other samples (<1 Log CFU/g) at 60(th) and 90(th) d of storage. All samples exhibited higher levels of water soluble nitrogen and ripening index at the end of storage process. At the end of 90 day storage period, no signicant dierences in salt and fat values were observed among the cheeses studied. The edible coatings had a beneficial effect on the sensory quality of cheese samples. In the result of sensory analysis, while cheese C and the chitosan coated cheese samples were more preferred by the panellists, the chitosan/whey protein film-coated cheese samples received the lowest scores. This study shows coating suggests could be used to improve the quality of cheese during ripening time. PMID:26761831

  17. Development of novel composite membranes using quaternized chitosan and Na+-MMT clay for the pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhari, Santosh K; Kariduraganavar, Mahadevappa Y

    2009-10-01

    Novel polymer-clay-based composite membranes were prepared by incorporating sodium montmorillonite (Na(+)-MMT) clay into quaternized chitosan. The resulting membranes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WXAD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The effect of membrane swelling was studied by varying the water concentration in the feed. The membranes were employed for the pervaporation dehydration of isopropanol in terms of feed composition and Na(+)-MMT clay loading. The experimental results demonstrated that membrane containing 10 mass% of Na(+)-MMT clay showed the highest separation selectivity of 14,992 with a flux of 14.23x10(-2) kg/m(2) h at 30 degrees C for 10 mass% of water in the feed. The total flux and flux of water are found to be overlapping each other particularly for clay-incorporated membranes, signifying that the composite membranes developed in the present study involving quaternized chitosan and Na(+)-MMT clay are highly selective toward water. From the temperature-dependent diffusion and permeation values, the Arrhenius activation parameters were estimated. The resulting activation energy values obtained for water permeation (E(pw)) are much lower than those of isopropanol permeation (E(pIPA)), suggesting that the developed composite membranes have higher separation efficiency for the water-isopropanol system. The estimated E(p) and E(D) values ranged between 8.97 and 11.89, and 7.56 and 9.88 kJ/mol, respectively. The positive heat of sorption (DeltaH(s)) values were obtained for all the membranes, suggesting that Henry's mode of sorption is predominant in the process. PMID:19570544

  18. Herstellung von Chitosan und einige Anwendungen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Struszczyk, Marcin Henryk

    2001-05-01

    can ideally be prepared using krill chitin. Insect chitosan is prepared under milder condition as compared with the crustacean chitosan, showed similar Mv and DD. Moreover, the consumption of time, energy and sodium hydroxide is much lower than for crustacean chitosan used. The properties of chitin (type of source, crystallinity, DD, Mv, swelling properties, particle size) affect the deacetylated polymer parameters. 2. Fermentation of chitosan using fungus Aspergillus fumigatus resulted in a composition of oligosaccharides with controlled molecular weight and yield at least 25 wt%. The product of fermentation effectively inhibited the viral and/or bacterial infection of the plant. This method can be an excellent, inexpensive system for preparation of bioactive agent. The preliminary purified fermentation mixture due to its antiviral and antibacterial behaviour is capable to be used as a natural, plant protection agent. The controlled degradation of chitosan connected with the production of various oligosaccharides having specified molecular weight allows obtaining the product with optimum bioactivity for suitable applications. 3. The films formed form microcrystalline chitosan (MCChB) gel-like dispersion demonstrate the better mechanical properties and higher swelling behaviour than typical films prepared using acidic solution of chitosan. The introduction of proteins significantly changes the mechanical strength and swelling behaviour. Addition of proteins causes the increase in their biodecomposition. The blended films containing proteins could be the base for formation of the resistant materials showed excellent elongation at break. 4. The application of MCChB in a paper formation as a modificator of the fibre-water interactions allows producing the paper sheets indicating the high increase in the mechanical properties and significant decrease in swelling properties. The introduction of MCChB with proteins causes a slight decrease in paper mechanical strength, if

  19. Application of a multiwalled carbon nanotube-chitosan composite as an electrode in the electrosorption process for water purification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Chih-Yu; Huang, Shih-Ching; Chou, Pei-Hsin; Den, Walter; Hou, Chia-Hung

    2016-03-01

    In this study, a multiwalled carbon nanotubes-chitosan (CNTs-CS) composite electrode was fabricated to enable water purification by electrosorption. The CNTs-CS composite electrode was shown to possess excellent capacitive behaviors and good pore accessibility by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, galvanostatic charge-discharge, and cyclic voltammetry measurements in 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte. Moreover, the CNTs-CS composite electrode showed promising performance for capacitive water desalination. At an electric potential of 1.2 V, the electrosorption capacity and electrosorption rate of NaCl ions on the CNTs-CS composite electrode were determined to be 10.7 mg g(-1) and 0.051 min(-1), respectively, which were considerably higher than those of conventional activated electrodes. The improved electrosorption performance could be ascribed to the existence of mesopores. Additionally, the feasibility of electrosorptive removal of aniline from an aqueous solution has been demonstrated. Upon polarization at 0.6 V, the CNTs-CS composite electrode had a larger electrosorption capacity of 26.4 mg g(-1) and a higher electrosorption rate of 0.006 min(-1) for aniline compared with the open circuit condition. The enhanced adsorption resulted from the improved affinity between aniline and the electrode under electrochemical assistance involving a nonfaradic process. Consequently, the CNT-CS composite electrode, exhibiting typical double-layer capacitor behavior and a sufficient potential range, can be a potential electrode material for application in the electrosorption process. PMID:26714293

  20. Genipin Cross-Linked Chitosan-Polyvinylpyrrolidone Hydrogels: Influence of Composition and Postsynthesis Treatment on pH Responsive Behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinyelumndu Jennifer Nwosu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the factors that influence the pH responsive behaviour of biocompatible cross-linked hydrogel networks is essential when aiming to synthesise a mechanically stable and yet stimuli responsive material suitable for various applications including drug delivery and tissue engineering. In this study the behaviour of intelligent chitosan-polyvinylpyrrolidone-genipin cross-linked hydrogels is examined as a function of their composition and postsynthesis treatment. Hydrogels are synthesised with varying amounts of each component (chitosan, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and genipin and their response in a pH 2 buffer is measured optically. The influence of postsynthesis treatment on stability and smart characteristics is assessed using selected hydrogel samples synthesised at 30, 40, and 50°C. After synthesis, samples are exposed to either continuous freezing or three freeze-thaw cycles resulting in increased mechanical stability for all samples. Further morphological and mechanical characterisations have aided the understanding of how postsynthesis continual freezing or freeze-thaw manipulation affects network attributes.

  1. Preparation and activity of bubbling-immobilized cellobiase within chitosan-alginate composite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fang; Su, Rong-Xin; Qi, Wei; Zhang, Ming-Jia; He, Zhi-Min

    2010-01-01

    Cellobiase can hydrolyze cellobiose into glucose; it plays a key role in the process of cellulose hydrolysis by reducing the product inhibition. To reuse the enzyme and improve the economic value of cellulosic ethanol, cellobiase was immobilized using sodium alginate and chitosan as carriers by the bubbling method. The immobilization conditions were optimized as follows: enzyme loading of 100 U cellobiase/g carrier, 30 min immobilization, 3.5 wt% sodium alginate, 0.25 wt% chitosan, and 2 wt% calcium chloride. Compared to free enzyme, the immobilized cellobiase had a decreased apparent K(m) and the maximum activity at a lower pH, indicating its higher acidic and thermal stability. The immobilized cellobiase was further tested in the hydrolysis of cellobiose and various cellulosic substrates (microcrystalline cellulose, filter paper, and ammonia-pretreated corn cobs). Together with cellulases, the immobilized cellobiase converted the cellulosic substrates into glucose with the rate and extent similar to the free enzyme. PMID:20024795

  2. Carboxylate Functionalized Chitosan/Bentonite Composite Matrix as a Cation Exchanger for the Removal of Pb(II From Aqueous Media: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. S. Anirudhan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A novel composite matrix polymethacrylic acid-grafted Chitosan/Bentonite (PMAA-g-CS/B was prepared through graft copolymerization reaction of methacrylic acid and chitosan in the presence of bentonite and N,N’- methylene-bisacrylamide as cross linker. The composite was well characterized using FTIR, XPS, SEM, TG/DTG, surface area analyzer and potentiometric titrations. The adsorption behavior of the composite towards Pb(II from water and simulated battery manufacturing wastewater was studied under varying operating conditions. The kinetics of adsorption as well as adsorption isotherms at different temperatures was studied. Adsorption-desorption experiments over four cycles illustrate the feasibility of the repeated uses of this composite for the extraction of Pb(II from aqueous solutions.

  3. Melt-based compression-molded scaffolds from chitosan-polyester blends and composites: Morphology and mechanical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correlo, V M; Boesel, L F; Pinho, E; Costa-Pinto, A R; Alves da Silva, M L; Bhattacharya, M; Mano, J F; Neves, N M; Reis, R L

    2009-11-01

    Blends of chitosan and synthetic aliphatic polyesters (polybutylene succinate, polybutylene succinate adipate, polycaprolactone, and polybutylene terepthalate adipate) were compounded with and without hydroxyapatite, a bioactive mineral filler known to enhance osteoconduction. The blends and composites were compression molded with two different granulometric salt sizes (63-125 microm and 250-500 microm) having different levels of salt content (60, 70, and 80%) by weight. By leaching the salt particles, it was possible to produce porous scaffolds with distinct morphologies. The relationship between scaffold morphology and mechanical properties was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy, microcomputed tomography, compression testing, differential scanning calorimetry, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and wide-angle X-ray scattering. The produced scaffolds are characterized by having different morphologies depending on the average particle size and the amount of NaCl used. Specimens with higher porosity level have a less organized pore structure but increased interconnectivity of the pores. The stress-strain curve under compression displayed a linear elasticity followed by a plateau whose characteristics depend on the scaffold polymer composition. A decrease in the salt particle size used to create the porosity caused in general a decrease in the mechanical properties of the foams. Composites with hydroxyapatite had a sharp reduction in yield stress, modulus, and strain at break. The melting temperature decreased with increased chitosan content. SAXS results indicate no preferential crystalline orientation in the scaffolds. Cytotoxicity evaluation were carried out using standard tests (accordingly to ISO/EN 10993 part 5 guidelines), namely MTS test with a 24-h extraction period, revealing that L929 cells had comparable metabolic activities to that obtained for the negative control. PMID:18985771

  4. Deposition of polyelectrolyte multilayer films made from chitosan and xanthan on biodegradable substrate: Effect of pH and ionic strength

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viraneva, A.; Marudova, M.; Sotirov, S.; Bodurov, I.; Pilicheva, B.; Uzunova, Y.; Exner, G.; Grancharova, Ts.; Vlaeva, I.; Yovcheva, T.

    2016-03-01

    The aim of the present work is to investigate the effect of pH and ionic strength on the deposition of chitosan/xanthan multilayers on preliminary corona charged substrates from polylactic acid. The multilayer films were formed by alternative dipping the substrate into chitosan and xanthan polyelectrolyte solutions. For this purpose 0.1% chitosan solution and 0.05% xanthan solution in acetate buffers with pH 4; 4.5 and 5 and ionic strengths 0; 0.01; 0.1 and 1 mol/l were used. The film properties were investigated by FTIR, laser refractometry, XPS and AFM methods. It was found that the binding of the polyelectrolytes to the substrate was irreversible over the time of deposition. The investigated parameters were found to depend on both pH and ionic strength of the polyelectrolyte solutions. This behaviour was attributed to the changes in charge density of the polyelectrolytes and screening effect of the counterions.

  5. Segmental bone regeneration using rhBMP-2-loaded collagen/chitosan microspheres composite scaffold in a rabbit model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reconstruction of segmental bone defects remains an urgent problem in the orthopaedic field, and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is known for its potent osteoinductive properties in bone regeneration. In this study, chitosan microspheres (CMs) were prepared and combined with absorbable collagen sponge to maintain controlled-release recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). The rhBMP-2-loaded composite scaffolds were implanted into 15 mm radius defects of rabbits and the bone-repair ability was evaluated systematically. CMs were spherical in shape and had a polyporous surface, according to SEM images. The complex scaffold exhibited an ideal releasing profile in vitro. The micro-computed tomographic analysis revealed that the rhBMP-2-loaded composite scaffold not only bridged the defects as early as 4 weeks, but also healed the defects and presented recanalization of the bone-marrow cavity at 12 weeks. These results were confirmed by x-ray. When compared with other control groups, the composite scaffold group remarkably enhanced new bone formation and mechanical properties, as evidenced by bone mineral content evaluation, histological observations and biomechanical testing. Moreover, the biocompatibility and appropriate degradation of the composite scaffold could be obtained. All of these results clearly demonstrated that the composite scaffold is a promising carrier of BMP-2 for the treatment of segmental bone defects. (paper)

  6. Small angle Neutron Scatteringanalysis of chitosan in different phases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biopolymers are studied extensively due to its wide applications in the field of bio-technology, micro fluidics and lab on chip devices. Chitosan is natural biopolymer derived from chitin. It has wide applications in bio-medical engineering because of its biocompatibility and biodegradability. Also, chitosan act as reducing and stabilizing agent for the metal ions. Chitosan is also a good candidate in batteries as membranes. It is therefore important to study the conformational changes of chitosan. In this research work, we used SANS to understand the modifications in the radius of gyration (Rg) values of chitosan polymer in solution and in presence of HAuCl4 and LiClO4. Chitosan solution became a gel in the presence of HAuCl4 enabling to study the associated conformational change in chitosan in gels. We have also made films of chitosan, chitosan- Au and Chitosan- LiClO4 and studied the associated conformational changes in chitosan. Gels and films were formed by varying the concentration of HAuCl4. Lower concentration of HAuCl4 gave films while higher concentration of HAuCl4 gave gels. The Imaging was carried out for the samples using TEM and SEM. SANS shows that the chitosan solution (liquid) had greater Rg value than the chitosan film. The Rg value did not change in gels from that of solution. There was no correlation length for the fitting for chitosan in solution, however there was correlation length observed in the gels. This indicates that in gels the chitosan units are more localized than in solution phase. Interestingly, chitosan-Au-Li film shows the formation of star like structures which are not observed in case of gels. Hence we conclude that the presence of Lithium can induce conformational changes in chitosan films while HAuCl4 can localize chitosan units in solution leading to formation of gels.

  7. Tribological performances of diamond film and graphite/diamond composite film with paraffin oil lubrication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the tribological performances of diamond film and graphite/diamond com-posite film were compared on an SRV wear testing machine with paraffin oil lubrication. The sur-face morphologies of specimens and wear tracks were observed by SEM. The wear volumes ofwear tracks were measured by profilometer. The influence of load on the tribological performancesof different specimens was studied. The wear mechanism under paraffin oil lubrication was ana-lyzed. The results showed that with paraffin oil lubrication, the friction coefficient and wear volumeof graphite/diamond composite film specimen are lower than diamond film. Under paraffin oil lu-brication, the wear mechanisms of both diamond film and graphite/diamond composite film weremainly sub-micro-fracture.

  8. Calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating: Effect of different concentrations of Mg{sup 2+} in the m-SBF on its bioactivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jie [School of Chemistry Engineering and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Pharmacy College, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi 154007 (China); Dai, Changsong, E-mail: changsd@hit.edu.cn [School of Chemistry Engineering and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Wei, Jie [School of Chemistry Engineering and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); School of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Suzhou Science Technology University, Suzhou 215009 (China); Wen, Zhaohui, E-mail: wenzhaohui1968@163.com [Department of neuro intern, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001 (China); Zhang, Shujuan; Lin, Lemin [Department of neuro intern, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001 (China)

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different concentration of Mg{sup 2+} in a modified simulated body fluid (m-SBF) on the bioactivity of calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating. Calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating was prepared on graphite substrate via electrophoretic deposition (EPD) followed by conversion in a phosphate buffer solution (PBS). The obtained samples were soaked in the m-SBF containing different concentration of Mg{sup 2+} for different times. And then, the composite coatings were assessed using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectra, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The soaking solution was evaluated by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) test. The analytical results showed that hydroxyapatite (HA) and bone-like apatite (HCA) grew on the surface of calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating after incubation in different m-SBF. With Mg{sup 2+} concentration in m-SBF increased from 1× Mg to 10× Mg, HA in the composite coating first presented a dissolving process and then a precipitating one slowly, while HCA presented a growing trend, continuously. The increasing of Mg{sup 2+} concentration in the m-SBF inhibited the total growing process of HA and HCA as a whole. The structure of the composite coating changed from spherical into irregular morphology with the concentration of Mg{sup 2+} increasing from 1× Mg to 10× Mg. Over all, with the Mg{sup 2+} concentration increasing, the bioactivity of calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating tended to decrease.

  9. Calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating: Effect of different concentrations of Mg2+ in the m-SBF on its bioactivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different concentration of Mg2+ in a modified simulated body fluid (m-SBF) on the bioactivity of calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating. Calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating was prepared on graphite substrate via electrophoretic deposition (EPD) followed by conversion in a phosphate buffer solution (PBS). The obtained samples were soaked in the m-SBF containing different concentration of Mg2+ for different times. And then, the composite coatings were assessed using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectra, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The soaking solution was evaluated by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) test. The analytical results showed that hydroxyapatite (HA) and bone-like apatite (HCA) grew on the surface of calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating after incubation in different m-SBF. With Mg2+ concentration in m-SBF increased from 1× Mg to 10× Mg, HA in the composite coating first presented a dissolving process and then a precipitating one slowly, while HCA presented a growing trend, continuously. The increasing of Mg2+ concentration in the m-SBF inhibited the total growing process of HA and HCA as a whole. The structure of the composite coating changed from spherical into irregular morphology with the concentration of Mg2+ increasing from 1× Mg to 10× Mg. Over all, with the Mg2+ concentration increasing, the bioactivity of calcium phosphate/chitosan composite coating tended to decrease.

  10. CdS nanocrystals/TiO2/crosslinked chitosan composite: Facile preparation, characterization and adsorption-photocatalytic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CdS nanocrystals deposited on TiO2/crosslinked chitosan composite (CdS/TiO2/CSC) were prepared in an attempt to photocatalyze decolorization of water soluble azo dye in aqueous solution under simulated solar light irradiation. CdS/TiO2/CSC was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The characterization results proved that CdS nanocrystals has successfully been deposited on/in TiO2/crosslinked chitosan composite. The adsorption ability of CdS/TiO2/CSC was approximately 2.66 mg methyl orange (a typical water soluble azo dye) per gram. The photocatalytic decolorization of methyl orange solution reached 99.1% by CdS/TiO2/CSC after simulated solar light irradiation for 210 min. Kinetics analysis indicated that photocatalytic decolorization of methyl orange solution by CdS/TiO2/CSC obeyed first-order kinetic Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism (R2 > 0.997). CdS/TiO2/CSC exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity under simulated solar light irradiation compared with photocatalysts reported before and the photocatalytic activity of CdS/TiO2/CSC maintained at 89.0% of initial decolorization rate after five batch reactions. The presence of NO3− accelerated the decolorization of methyl orange solution by CdS/TiO2/CSC, while SO42− and Cl− had an inhibitory effect on the decolorization of methyl orange. Therefore, present experimental results indicated to assess the applicability of CdS/TiO2/CSC as a suitable and promising photocatalyst for effective decolorization treatment of dye-containing effluents.

  11. Electrochemical oxidation of adenosine-5 Prime -triphosphate on a chitosan-graphene composite modified carbon ionic liquid electrode and its determination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun Wei, E-mail: swyy26@hotmail.com [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hainan Normal University, Haikou, 571158 (China); College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China); Liu Jun; Wang Xiuzhen; Li Tongtong; Li Guangjiu; Wu Jie [College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042 (China); Zhang Liqi [State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2012-10-01

    In this paper a new electrochemical method was proposed for the determination of adenosine-5 Prime -triphosphate (ATP) based on a chitosan (CTS) and graphene (GR) composite film modified carbon ionic liquid electrode (CTS-GR/CILE). CILE was fabricated by using ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dihydrogen phosphate ([BMIM]H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}) as the binder, which was further modified by GR and CTS composite. The modified electrode exhibited an excellent electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of ATP with the increase of the oxidation peak current and the decrease of the oxidation peak potential. The electrochemical parameters of ATP on CTS-GR/CILE were calculated with the electron transfer coefficient ({alpha}) as 0.329, the electron transfer number (n) as 2.15, the apparent heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant (ks) as 3.705 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} s{sup -1} and the surface coverage ({Gamma}{sub T}) as 9.33 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} mol cm{sup -2}. Under the optimal conditions the oxidation peak current was proportional to ATP concentration in the range from 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} to 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} M with the detection limit of 0.311 {mu}M (S/N = 3). The proposed electrode showed excellent reproducibility, stability, anti-interference ability and further successfully applied to the ATP injection sample detection. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ionic liquid [BMIM]H{sub 2}PO{sub 4} based carbon ionic liquid electrode (CILE) was prepared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Graphene modified CILE was fabricated for the sensitive electrochemical detection of ATP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Good electrocatalytic ability to the ATP oxidation was achieved. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Detection of 5 Prime -ATP in commercial injection samples with satisfactory results.

  12. Preparation of magnetic composite based on zinc oxide nanoparticles and chitosan as a photocatalyst for removal of reactive blue 198

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Van Cuong; Giang Nguyen, Ngoc Lam; Hue Pho, Quoc

    2015-09-01

    In this study a novel magnetic composite used as a photocatalyst with combination of zinc oxide nanoparticles and chitosan (ZnO/Fe3O4/CS) was synthesized by a simple co-precipitation method. The role of the prepared magnetic nanocomposite is to improve the removal efficiency of textile dye due to the photocatalytic activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles and reusable capacity of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles. Constituents and structure properties of ZnO/Fe3O4/CS were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Magnetic property of the prepared composite was determined by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The results demonstrated that ZnO/Fe3O4/CS nanocomposite dramatically improved the removal efficiency of reactive blue 198 dye (RB198) with high photocatalytic activity and easy separation by a permanent magnet. In addition, the photocatalytic activity of the prepared composite was also performed under different parameters such as contact time, initial pH, the amount of composite and initial concentration of RB198. Interestingly, ZnO/Fe3O4/CS nanocomposite still showed high removal efficiency after recycling three times and performed in a real textile dyeing wastewater.

  13. Chitosan: Gels and Interfacial Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie Nilsen-Nygaard

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan is a unique biopolymer in the respect that it is abundant, cationic, low-toxic, non-immunogenic and biodegradable. The relative occurrence of the two monomeric building units (N-acetyl-glucosamine and d-glucosamine is crucial to whether chitosan is predominantly an ampholyte or predominantly a polyelectrolyte at acidic pH-values. The chemical composition is not only crucial to its surface activity properties, but also to whether and why chitosan can undergo a sol–gel transition. This review gives an overview of chitosan hydrogels and their biomedical applications, e.g., in tissue engineering and drug delivery, as well as the chitosan’s surface activity and its role in emulsion formation, stabilization and destabilization. Previously unpublished original data where chitosan acts as an emulsifier and flocculant are presented and discussed, showing that highly-acetylated chitosans can act both as an emulsifier and as a flocculant.

  14. Nano ZnO embedded in Chitosan matrix for vibration sensor application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Praveen, E.; Murugan, S.; Jayakumar, K.

    2015-06-01

    Biopolymer Chitosan is embedded with various concentration of ZnO nano particle and such a bio-nano composite electret has been fabricated by casting method. The morphological, structural, optical and electrical characterization of the bio-nano composite electret film have been carried out. Isolation and piezoelectric measurements of bio-nano composite have also been carried out indicating the possibility of using it as a mechanical sensor element.

  15. Microstructures and thermochromic characteristics of VO2/AZO composite films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Han; Li, Yi; Yuan, Wenrui; Fang, Baoying; Wang, Xiaohua; Hao, Rulong; Wu, Zhengyi; Xu, Tingting; Jiang, Wei; Chen, Peizu

    2016-05-01

    A vanadium dioxide (VO2) thin film was fabricated on a ZnO doped with Al (AZO) conductive glass by magnetron sputtering at room temperature followed by annealing under air atmosphere. The microstructures and optical properties of the thin film were studied. The results showed that the VO2/AZO composite film was poly-crystalline and the AZO layer did not change the preferred growth orientation of VO2. Compared to the VO2 film fabricated on soda-lime glass substrate through the same process and condition, the phase transition temperature of the VO2/AZO composite film was decreased by about 25 °C, thermal hysteresis width narrowed to 6 °C, the visible light transmittance was over 50%, the infrared transmittances before and after phase transition were 21% and 55%, respectively at 1500 nm.

  16. Drug release kinetics from carboxymethylcellulose-bacterial cellulose composite films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juncu, Gheorghe; Stoica-Guzun, Anicuta; Stroescu, Marta; Isopencu, Gabriela; Jinga, Sorin Ion

    2016-08-30

    Composite films of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and bacterial cellulose (NaCMC-BC) cross-linked with citric acid (CA) were prepared by solution casting method. Ibuprofen sodium salt (IbuNa) has been used to study the mechanism of drug release from composite films. Surface morphology was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and proved that the BC content influences the aspect of the films. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed specific peaks in IR spectra of composite films which sustain that NaCMC was cross-linked with CA. Starting from swelling observations, the release kinetic of IbuNa was described using a model which neglects the volume expansion due to polymer swelling and which considers non-linear diffusion coefficients for drug and solvent. The IbuNa release is also influenced by BC content, the drug release rate was decreasing with the increase of BC content. PMID:26688041

  17. Bio-composite Nonwoven Media Based on Chitosan and Empty Fruit Bunches for Wastewater Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fibrous filter media in the form of non-woven filters have been used extensively in water treatment as pre-filters or to support the medium that does the separation. Lignocellulosic such as empty fruit bunches have potential to be used as a low cost filter media as they represent unused resources, widely available and are environmentally friendly. Laboratory filtration tests were performed to investigate the potential application of empty fruit bunches that enriched with chitosan as a fiber filter media to remove suspended solids, oil and grease, and organics in terms of chemical oxygen demand from palm oil mill effluent. The present paper studies the effect of chitosan concentration on the filter media performance. Bench-scaled experiment results indicated that pre-treatment using the fiber filtration system removed up to 67.3% of total suspended solid, 65.1% of oil and grease and 46.1% of chemical oxygen demand. The results show that the lignocellulosic fiber filter could be a potential technology for primary wastewater treatment.

  18. Bio-composite Nonwoven Media Based on Chitosan and Empty Fruit Bunches for Wastewater Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadikin, Aziatul Niza; Nawawi, Mohd Ghazali Mohd; Othman, Norasikin

    2011-01-01

    Fibrous filter media in the form of non-woven filters have been used extensively in water treatment as pre-filters or to support the medium that does the separation. Lignocellulosic such as empty fruit bunches have potential to be used as a low cost filter media as they represent unused resources, widely available and are environmentally friendly. Laboratory filtration tests were performed to investigate the potential application of empty fruit bunches that enriched with chitosan as a fiber filter media to remove suspended solids, oil and grease, and organics in terms of chemical oxygen demand from palm oil mill effluent. The present paper studies the effect of chitosan concentration on the filter media performance. Bench-scaled experiment results indicated that pre-treatment using the fiber filtration system removed up to 67.3% of total suspended solid, 65.1% of oil and grease and 46.1% of chemical oxygen demand. The results show that the lignocellulosic fiber filter could be a potential technology for primary wastewater treatment.

  19. Preparation and biological properties of a novel composite scaffold of nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan/carboxymethyl cellulose for bone tissue engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengdong Xiong

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this study, we report the physico-chemical and biological properties of a novel biodegradable composite scaffold made of nano-hydroxyapatite and natural derived polymers of chitosan and carboxymethyl cellulose, namely, n-HA/CS/CMC, which was prepared by freeze-drying method. The physico-chemical properties of n-HA/CS/CMC scaffold were tested by infrared absorption spectra (IR, transmission electron microscope(TEM, scanning electron microscope(SEM, universal material testing machine and phosphate buffer solution (PBS soaking experiment. Besides, the biological properties were evaluated by MG63 cells and Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs culture experiment in vitro and a short period implantation study in vivo. The results show that the composite scaffold is mainly formed through the ionic crossing-linking of the two polyions between CS and CMC, and n-HA is incorporated into the polyelectrolyte matrix of CS-CMC without agglomeration, which endows the scaffold with good physico-chemical properties such as highly interconnected porous structure, high compressive strength and good structural stability and degradation. More important, the results of cells attached, proliferated on the scaffold indicate that the scaffold is non-toxic and has good cell biocompatibility, and the results of implantation experiment in vivo further confirm that the scaffold has good tissue biocompatibility. All the above results suggest that the novel degradable n-HA/CS/CMC composite scaffold has a great potential to be used as bone tissue engineering material.

  20. Preparation, characterization and dye adsorption properties of γ-Fe2O3/SiO2/chitosan composite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A γ-Fe2O3/SiO2/chitosan composite was prepared by water-in-oil emulsification, and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Effects of various factors, including adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration, solution pH, and competing anions, on the adsorption of methyl orange from aqueous solutions by the resulting composite were studied by batch adsorption experiments. The adsorption kinetics was found to follow the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and intraparticle diffusion was related to the adsorption, but not as a sole rate-controlling step. The equilibrium adsorption data were well described by the Freundlich isotherm model. Evaluation of the thermodynamic parameters ΔG°, ΔH°, and ΔS° revealed that the adsorption process was naturally feasible, spontaneous, and exothermic. The composite was proven to be efficient, suitable and promising for the removal of methyl orange from aqueous solutions since it has a relatively higher adsorption capacity than other low-cost adsorbents.

  1. A composite scaffold of MSC affinity peptide-modified demineralized bone matrix particles and chitosan hydrogel for cartilage regeneration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Qingyang; Man, Zhentao; Dai, Linghui; Huang, Hongjie; Zhang, Xin; Hu, Xiaoqing; Shao, Zhenxing; Zhu, Jingxian; Zhang, Jiying; Fu, Xin; Duan, Xiaoning; Ao, Yingfang

    2015-12-01

    Articular cartilage injury is still a significant challenge because of the poor intrinsic healing potential of cartilage. Stem cell-based tissue engineering is a promising technique for cartilage repair. As cartilage defects are usually irregular in clinical settings, scaffolds with moldability that can fill any shape of cartilage defects and closely integrate with the host cartilage are desirable. In this study, we constructed a composite scaffold combining mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) E7 affinity peptide-modified demineralized bone matrix (DBM) particles and chitosan (CS) hydrogel for cartilage engineering. This solid-supported composite scaffold exhibited appropriate porosity, which provided a 3D microenvironment that supports cell adhesion and proliferation. Cell proliferation and DNA content analysis indicated that the DBM-E7/CS scaffold promoted better rat bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMMSCs) survival than the CS or DBM/CS groups. Meanwhile, the DBM-E7/CS scaffold increased matrix production and improved chondrogenic differentiation ability of BMMSCs in vitro. Furthermore, after implantation in vivo for four weeks, compared to those in control groups, the regenerated issue in the DBM-E7/CS group exhibited translucent and superior cartilage-like structures, as indicated by gross observation, histological examination, and assessment of matrix staining. Overall, the functional composite scaffold of DBM-E7/CS is a promising option for repairing irregularly shaped cartilage defects.

  2. Amperometric hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase on core-shell organosilica-chitosan nanospheres and multiwall carbon nanotubes composite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen Shihong [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory on Luminescence and Real-Time Analysis, Ministry of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China); Yuan Ruo [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory on Luminescence and Real-Time Analysis, Ministry of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China)], E-mail: yuanruo@swu.edu.cn; Chai Yaqin; Yin Bin; Li Wenjun; Min Ligen [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory on Luminescence and Real-Time Analysis, Ministry of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715 (China)

    2009-04-15

    The application of the composites of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and core-shell organosilica-chitosan crosslinked nanospheres as an immobilization matrix for the construction of an amperometric hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) biosensor was described. MWNTs and positively charged organosilica-chitosan nanospheres were dispersed in acetic acid solution (0.6 wt%) to achieve organosilica-chitosan/MWNTs composites, which were cast onto a glass carbon electrode (GCE) surface directly. And then, horseradish peroxidase (HRP), as a model enzyme, was immobilized onto it through electrostatic interaction between oppositely charged organosilica-chitosan nanospheres and HRP. The direct electron transfer of HRP was achieved at HRP/organosilica-chitosan/MWNTs/GCE, which exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity for the reduction of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. The catalysis currents increased linearly to H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentration in a wide range of 7.0 x 10{sup -7} to 2.8 x 10{sup -3} M, with a sensitivity of 49.8 {mu}A mM{sup -1} cm{sup -2} and with a detection limit of 2.5 x 10{sup -7} M at 3{sigma}. A Michaelies-Menten constant K{sub M}{sup app} value was estimated to be 0.32 mM, indicating a high-catalytic activity of HRP. Moreover, the proposed biosensor displayed a rapid response to H{sub 2}O{sub 2} and possessed good stability and reproducibility. When used to detect H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentration in disinfector samples and sterilized milks, respectively, it showed satisfactory results.

  3. Thin Film Polymer Composite Scintillators for Thermal Neutron Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew N. Mabe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Thin film polystyrene composite scintillators containing LiF6 and organic fluors have been fabricated and tested as thermal neutron detectors. Varying fluorescence emission intensities for different compositions are interpreted in terms of the Beer-Lambert law and indicate that the sensitivity of fluorescent sensors can be improved by incorporating transparent particles with refractive index different than that of the polymer matrix. Compositions and thicknesses were varied to optimize the fluorescence and thermal neutron response and to reduce gamma-ray sensitivity. Neutron detection efficiency and neutron/gamma-ray discrimination are reported herein as functions of composition and thickness. Gamma-ray sensitivity is affected largely by changing thickness and unaffected by the amount of LiF6 in the film. The best neutron/gamma-ray discrimination characteristics are obtained for film thicknesses in the range 25–150 μm.

  4. Predictive analysis of chitosan-based nanocomposite biopolymers elastic properties at nano- and microscale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kossovich, Elena L; Safonov, Roman A

    2016-04-01

    Chitosan nanocomposites mechanical properties play a major role in usage of such materials for specific areas of application, mostly in medicine and development of ecologically-friendly production. Computer-based predictive modelling of such composites will reduce costs of their development. In this paper, a multiscale approach for structural characterization and evaluation of mechanical properties is proposed based on hybrid coarse-grained/all atom molecular dynamics. Chitosan films and fibers are constructed and studied in silico as well as chitosan composites with different types of randomly distributed reinforcing fillers (graphene nanoparticles, graphene oxide nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, chitin nanoparticles). Young's moduli are found for such composites, degrees of improvement of mechanical properties and size effects within the framework of proposed methodology are discussed. PMID:26970953

  5. Application of Chitosan-Based Composites in Water Treatment%壳聚糖基复合材料在水处理中的应用研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯辉霞; 张娟; 陈娜丽; 张婷

    2012-01-01

    The structure, performance,and application principle of chitosan in water treatment were introduced, and the research progress of application of chitosan-based composites, such as chitosan/clay composite, chitosan/silica dioxide composite,chitosan/inorganic polymer flocculant composite and chitosan-based composite with other inorganic materials, in water treatment were reviewed. It was pointed out that the future develop-ment of the area should strengthen the study of the treatment mechanism,the treatment of inorganic and organ-ic matter besides heavy metals and the industrialized application.%介绍了壳聚糖的结构、性质及其在水处理中的应用原理,综述了壳聚糖与粘土、二氧化硅、无机高分子絮凝剂及其它无机材料复合得到的壳聚糖基复合材料在水处理中的应用研究进展,提出未来的发展应加强处理机理的研究、对重金属离子外的其它无机物和有机物的处理研究以及产业化应用研究.

  6. Stability Assessment of Injectable Castor Oil-Based Nano-sized Emulsion Containing Cationic Droplets Stabilized by Poloxamer–Chitosan Emulsifier Films

    OpenAIRE

    S Tamilvanan; Kumar, B. Ajith; Senthilkumar, S. R.; Baskar, Raj; Sekharan, T. Raja

    2010-01-01

    The objectives of the present work were to prepare castor oil-based nano-sized emulsion containing cationic droplets stabilized by poloxamer–chitosan emulgator film and to assess the kinetic stability of the prepared cationic emulsion after subjecting it to thermal processing and freeze–thaw cycling. Presence of cryoprotectants (5%, w/w, sucrose +5%, w/w, sorbitol) improved the stability of emulsions to droplet aggregation during freeze–thaw cycling. After storing the emulsion at 4°C, 25°C, a...

  7. Compositional depth profiling of TaCN thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adelmann, Christoph; Conard, Thierry; Franquet, Alexis; Brijs, Bert; Munnik, Frans; Burgess, Simon; Witters, Thomas; Meersschaut, Johan; Kittl, Jorge A.; Vandervorst, Wilfried; Van Elshocht, Sven [Imec, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, D-01314 Dresden (Germany); Oxford Instruments NanoAnalysis, High Wycombe, HP12 3SE (United Kingdom); Imec, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Imec, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium and Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Imec, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2012-07-15

    The composition profiling of thin TaCN films was studied. For the composition profile determination using x-ray photoemission spectrometry (XPS) in combination with Ar sputtering, preferential sputtering effects of N with respect to Ta and C were found to lead to inaccurate elemental concentrations. Sputter yield calculations for the given experimental conditions allowed for the correction of a part of the error, leading to fair accuracy by reference-free measurements. Further improvement of the accuracy was demonstrated by the calibration of the XPS compositions against elastic recoil detection analysis (ERDA) results. For Auger electron spectrometry (AES) in combination with Ar sputtering, accurate results required the calibration against ERDA. Both XPS and AES allowed for a reliable and accurate determination of the compositional profiles of TaCN-based thin films after calibration. Time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry was also used to assess the composition of the TaCN films. However, the analysis was hampered by large matrix effects due to small unintentional oxygen contents in the films. Energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometry is also discussed, and it is shown that an accurate reference-free measurement of the average film concentration can be achieved.

  8. Chitosan/Graphene Oxide Composite as an Effective Adsorbent for Reactive Red Dye Removal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xiaoqing; Qu, Lijun; Tian, Mingwei; Zhu, Shifeng; Zhang, Xiansheng; Tang, Xiaoning; Sun, Kaikai

    2016-07-01

    Chitosan, modified with different dosages of graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), was first prepared, and its adsorption capacity for reactive red (RR) dye in aqueous solutions was investigated, in this paper. The structure and morphology of the adsorbents were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM, EDX, BET, and TGA. The effect of varying parameters (pH, temperature, adsorbent loading, and contact time) was also investigated. The maximum adsorption capacity based on the Langmuir model was found to be 32.16 mg/g. In addition, experimental kinetic data were analyzed by the psuedo-first order and psuedo-second order equation models. The psuedo-second order model proved to be the best model for the adsorption system, which suggested that adsorption might be controlled by the chemical rate-limiting step through sharing of electrons or by covalent forces. PMID:27329054

  9. A novel modified graphene oxide/chitosan composite used as an adsorbent for Cr(VI) in aqueous solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li; Luo, Hanjin; Liu, Peipei; Fang, Wei; Geng, Junjie

    2016-06-01

    A novel adsorbent for removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from aqueous solutions has been successfully prepared by modifying graphene oxide/chitosan composite with disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA-2Na) (GEC). This modified composite was characterized by various technologies; including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the adsorption of Cr(VI) by GEC under different conditions. The results indicate that the adsorption of Cr(VI) on GEC was highly pH-dependent, with the highest adsorption capacity (86.17mg/g) occurring at pH 2. The kinetics of adsorption exhibited pseudo-second-order behavior. The adsorption data were well described by the Freundlich isotherm model. The adsorption capacity increased with increasing temperature. The calculated thermodynamic parameters indicate that the adsorption is a spontaneous, endothermic and feasible process. The further regeneration experiments showed the adsorption capacity of GEC for Cr(VI) decreased 5% after 7 times reuse, indicating the potential of the as-prepared material for practical application. PMID:26993532

  10. Novel hybrid multifunctional magnetoelectric porous composite films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, P.; Gonçalves, R.; Lopes, A. C.; Venkata Ramana, E.; Mendiratta, S. K.; Lanceros-Mendez, S.

    2015-12-01

    Novel multifunctional porous films have been developed by the integration of magnetic CoFe2O4 (CFO) nanoparticles into poly(vinylidene fluoride)-Trifuoroethylene (P(VDF-TrFE)), taking advantage of the synergies of the magnetostrictive filler and the piezoelectric polymer. The porous films show a piezoelectric response with an effective d33 coefficient of -22 pC/N-1, a maximum magnetization of 12 emu g-1 and a maximum magnetoelectric coefficient of 9 mV cm-1 Oe-1. In this way, a multifunctional membrane has been developed suitable for advanced applications ranging from biomedical to water treatment.

  11. Electrochromic properties of nano-composite nickel oxide film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, S.-H. [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: d927117@oz.nthu.edu.tw; Chen, F.-R. [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Kai, J.-J. [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

    2008-03-30

    In this study, we develop a nano-composite nickel oxide (NNO) film on the indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass substrate for electrochromic applications. The NNO film is composed of the core-shell structure of NiO/conducting ITO nano-particles. High porosity in the NNO film offers large active surface area for redox reaction. Electrochromic electrodes fabricated with the NNO films produce high transmittance variation (66.2% at a wavelength of 550 nm), fast switching speed (coloring: 3.5 s; bleaching: 4 s) and good durability, which are much better than those of ones made with the traditional nickel oxide films. The structure, morphology, and electrochromic properties are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and UV-vis spectroscopy.

  12. Electrochromic properties of nano-composite nickel oxide film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, we develop a nano-composite nickel oxide (NNO) film on the indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass substrate for electrochromic applications. The NNO film is composed of the core-shell structure of NiO/conducting ITO nano-particles. High porosity in the NNO film offers large active surface area for redox reaction. Electrochromic electrodes fabricated with the NNO films produce high transmittance variation (66.2% at a wavelength of 550 nm), fast switching speed (coloring: 3.5 s; bleaching: 4 s) and good durability, which are much better than those of ones made with the traditional nickel oxide films. The structure, morphology, and electrochromic properties are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and UV-vis spectroscopy

  13. ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF HYDROXYAPATITE COATINGS CONTAINING OF CHITOSAN AND SILVER ON TITANIUM SUBSTRATES IN RELATION TO MICROORGANISMS E.COLI ATCC 25922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukhodub LB

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work it was studied the antibacterial properties of coatings based on HA, with Chitosan and silver ions additions, produced by substrates termodeposition method from aqueous solutions with varying concentrations of Chitosan (0.025 and 0.1 g/l and silver (1 mg/l as the antimicrobial components as well as three-part cover, consisting of a film of Chitosan, HA and silver. Study on antibacterial properties of composite coatings on the pathogen E.coli ATCC 25922 was held by Spectrophotometric measurement and analysis of optical density of suspensions, containing samples. 3 series of measurements data were averaged. The results showed that the concentration of antimicrobial components have indicated a bacteriostatic effect of coatings on the culture of E. coli AS ATCC 25922 in physiological solution at a temperature of 37 °C. The most effective was the three-part cover consisting of a film of chitosan, HA and silver.

  14. Blood protein adsorption onto chitosan

    OpenAIRE

    Benesch, Johan; Tengvall, P.

    2002-01-01

    Chitosan was recently indicated to enhance osteogenesis, improve wound healing but to activate the coagulation and the complement systems. In the present study approximately 10nm thick chitosan film were prepared on aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) coated silicon. The surfaces were incubated in serum or plasma and subsequently in antibodies towards key complement and contact activation of coagulation proteins. The deposited amounts were compared with those on hydrophilic and hydrop...

  15. Biocompatible slippery fluid-infused films composed of chitosan and alginate via layer-by-layer self-assembly and their antithrombogenicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manabe, Kengo; Kyung, Kyu-Hong; Shiratori, Seimei

    2015-03-01

    Antifouling super-repellent surfaces inspired by Nepenthes, the pitcher plant, were designed and named slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces (SLIPS). These surfaces repel various simple and complex liquids including water and blood by maintaining a low sliding angle. Previous studies have reported the development of fluorinated SLIPS that are not biocompatible. Here, we fabricated fluid-infused films composed of biodegradable materials and a biocompatible lubricant liquid. The film was constructed using a combination of electrostatic interactions between chitosan and alginate and hydrogen-bonding between alginate and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVPON) via the layer-by-layer self-assembly method. After chitosan and alginate were cross-linked, the PVPON was removed by increasing the pH to generate porosity from the deconstruction of the hydrogen-bonding. The porous underlayer was hydrophobized and covered by biocompatible almond oil. Blood easily flowed over this biodegradable and biocompatible SLIPS without leaving stains on the surface, and the material is environmentally durable, has a high transmittance of about 90%, and is antithrombogenic. The results of this study suggest that this SLIPS may facilitate the creation of nonfouling medical devices through a low-cost, eco-friendly, and simple process. PMID:25646977

  16. Kinetic study of κ-carrageenan degradation and its impact on mechanical and structural properties of chitosan/κ-carrageenan film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahbazi, Mahdiyar; Rajabzadeh, Ghadir; Ettelaie, Rammile; Rafe, Ali

    2016-05-20

    The purpose of the current research was to study κ-carrageenan degradation behavior under thermal treatment, and its influence on chitosan κ-carrageenan film properties. A pseudo-first-order reaction equation was applied by using reciprocal plots of κ-carrageenan molecular mass versus heating time, which showed a strong dependence on heating time. Incorporation of thermally treated κ-carrageenan into the chitosan had diminished both water resistance and water vapor permeability of the blend, in contrast to those for intact or untreated κ-carrageenan. A dramatic decrease of equilibrium moisture content and tensile strength were noticed, and these parameters were more affected by the longer times. Furthermore, the contact angle of the films was found to be a function of the heating time. Scanning electron microscopy revealed apparent agglomeration of κ-carrageenan through the thermal process. Atomic force microscopy demonstrated that the intact blend had the flattest surface, whilst the blend containing treated κ-carrageenan had high roughness. PMID:26917387

  17. Antibacterial property and application research progress of chitosan food preservative film%壳聚糖食品保鲜膜抗菌性及其应用的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄志成; 唐冰; 钟杰平; 李思东; 杨子明; 李普旺

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, chitosan as a kind of natural materials for food preservation have been widely utilized in various food-packaging due to its excellent characteristics of biocompatibility, antibacterial property and film-processing ability.Based on the antibacterial mechanism of chitosan film materials, the researches and applications of chitosan films in recent years were summarized.In addition, the future development of chitosan film in food preservation was also prospected.%壳聚糖由于其良好的功能特性,近年来作为天然保鲜包装材料在各类食品的包装中已有大量的应用.该文章在对壳聚糖食品薄膜材料的抗菌机理总结的基础上,对近年来壳聚糖薄膜在食品的研究及应用现状进行了综述,并对壳聚糖食品薄膜的未来发展趋势进行了展望.

  18. The effect of chitosan-based edible film and high hydrostatic pressure process on the microbiological and chemical quality of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) fillets during cold storage (4±1°C)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günlü, Ali; Sipahioğlu, Sinem; Alpas, Hami

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to determine the changes in the chemical and microbiological quality of fresh rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) fillets during storage at 4±1°C as a result of chitosan-based edible film coating, vacuum packaging and high pressure application processes. Chemical (pH, total volatile basic nitrogen and thiobarbituric acid index) and microbiological (total mesophilic and total psychrophilic microorganism) shelf life analyses were carried out in 4-day intervals for samples that were vacuum packaged (C), subjected to high pressure after vacuum packaging (high hydrostatic pressure (HHP)), vacuum packaged after being wrapped by chitosan-based film (CFW) and subjected to high pressure after vacuum packaging and being wrapped by chitosan-based film (HHP+CFW ). According to the chemical and microbiological shelf life analysis results of rainbow trout fillets, shelf life increases of 4 days in HHP group samples, 8 days in CFW group samples and 24 days in HHP+CFW group samples were provided in comparison with the control group. In conclusion, it was determined that high pressure and wrapping with chitosan-based film had protective effect both chemically and microbiologically and that the most effective protection was obtained when both methods were used together.

  19. Efficient adsorption of both methyl orange and chromium from their aqueous mixtures using a quaternary ammonium salt modified chitosan magnetic composite adsorbent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kun; Li, Pei; Cai, Jun; Xiao, Shoujun; Yang, Hu; Li, Aimin

    2016-07-01

    A quaternary ammonium salt modified chitosan magnetic composite adsorbent (CS-CTA-MCM) was prepared by combination of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Various techniques were used to characterize the molecular structure, surface morphology, and magnetic feature of this composite adsorbent. CS-CTA-MCM was employed for the removal of Cr(VI) and methyl orange (MO), an anionic dye, from water in respective single and binary systems. Compared with chitosan magnetic adsorbent (CS-MCM) without modification, CS-CTA-MCM shows evidently improved adsorption capacities for both pollutants ascribed to the additional quaternary ammonium salt groups. Based on the adsorption equilibrium study, MO bears more affinity to CS-CTA-MCM than Cr(VI) causing a considerable extent of preferential adsorption of dye over metal ions in their aqueous mixture. However, at weak acidic solutions, Cr(VI) adsorption is evidently improved due to more efficient Cr(VI) forms, i.e. dichromate and monovalent chromate, binding to this chitosan-based adsorbent. Thus chromium could be efficient removal together with MO at suitable pH conditions. The adsorption isotherms and kinetics indicate that adsorptions of Cr(VI) and MO by CS-CTA-MCM both follow a homogeneous monolayer chemisorption process. This magnetic adsorbent after saturated adsorption could be rapidly separated from water and easily regenerated using dilute NaOH aqueous solutions then virtually reused with little adsorption capacity loss. PMID:27060639

  20. The fabrication of nanocomposites via calcium phosphate formation on gelatin–chitosan network and the gelatin influence on the properties of biphasic composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel biodegradable polymer–ceramic nanocomposite which consisted of gelatin (Gel), chitosan (CS), and calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles was prepared based on in situ preparation method. The fabricated biocomposites were characterized by FTIR, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) as well as scanning electron microscope with X-ray elemental analysis (SEM-EDX). The characterization results confirmed that the crystalline calcium phosphate nanoparticles were mineralized in polymeric matrix and the interaction between Ca2+ in calcium phosphate and functional groups in polymers molecular chains was formed. XRD result showed that in addition to hydroxyapatite (HA), Brushite (BR) and tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) particles also were formed due to lack of complete penetration of the basic solution into the polymeric matrix. However, SEM image indicated that the polymeric matrix has the controlling role in the particle size of calcium phosphate. The size of particles in three component composites was about 100 nm while in two component composites proved to be more in μm size. TEM observation supported SEM results and showed that the three component composites have calcium phosphate nanoparticles. The elastic modulus and compressive strength of the composites were also improved by the employment of gelatin and chitosan together, which can make them more beneficial for surgical applications. - Highlights: ► A new type of calcium phosphate nanocomposites consisted chitosan and gelatin as polymeric matrix was obtained via in situ precipitation method. ► The formed particles into the polymeric matrix are hydroxyapatite, Brushite and β-tricalcium phosphate. ► The polymer concentration is a predominant factor for inhibiting nucleation and growth of calcium phosphate particles as the particles size was also decreased by increasing the amount of polymeric phase. ► The nano particles formed in three component composites and micro particles

  1. The fabrication of nanocomposites via calcium phosphate formation on gelatin-chitosan network and the gelatin influence on the properties of biphasic composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babaei, Zahra [Nanotechnology Research Institute, School of Chemical Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Babol (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Jahanshahi, Mohsen, E-mail: mjahan@nit.ac.ir [Nanotechnology Research Institute, School of Chemical Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Babol (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rabiee, Sayed Mahmood [Nanotechnology Research Institute, School of Chemical Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Babol (Iran, Islamic Republic of); School of Mechanical Engineering, Babol University of Technology, Babol (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-01-01

    A novel biodegradable polymer-ceramic nanocomposite which consisted of gelatin (Gel), chitosan (CS), and calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles was prepared based on in situ preparation method. The fabricated biocomposites were characterized by FTIR, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) as well as scanning electron microscope with X-ray elemental analysis (SEM-EDX). The characterization results confirmed that the crystalline calcium phosphate nanoparticles were mineralized in polymeric matrix and the interaction between Ca2+ in calcium phosphate and functional groups in polymers molecular chains was formed. XRD result showed that in addition to hydroxyapatite (HA), Brushite (BR) and tricalcium phosphate ({beta}-TCP) particles also were formed due to lack of complete penetration of the basic solution into the polymeric matrix. However, SEM image indicated that the polymeric matrix has the controlling role in the particle size of calcium phosphate. The size of particles in three component composites was about 100 nm while in two component composites proved to be more in {mu}m size. TEM observation supported SEM results and showed that the three component composites have calcium phosphate nanoparticles. The elastic modulus and compressive strength of the composites were also improved by the employment of gelatin and chitosan together, which can make them more beneficial for surgical applications. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new type of calcium phosphate nanocomposites consisted chitosan and gelatin as polymeric matrix was obtained via in situ precipitation method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The formed particles into the polymeric matrix are hydroxyapatite, Brushite and {beta}-tricalcium phosphate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The polymer concentration is a predominant factor for inhibiting nucleation and growth of calcium phosphate particles as the particles size was also decreased by increasing the amount of polymeric

  2. New amperometric glucose biosensor by entrapping glucose oxidase into chitosan/nanoporous ZrO2/multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanocomposite film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI Wan-zhi; ZHAI Xiu-rong; ZENG Jin-xiang; GAO Yan-ping; GONG Shu-guo

    2007-01-01

    A new nanocomposite material for construction of glucose biosensor was prepared. The biosensor was formed by entrapping glucose oxidase(Gox) into chitosan/nanoporous ZrO2/multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanocomposite film.In this biosensing thin film.the multiwalled carbon nanotubes can effectively catalyze hydrogen peroxide and nanoporous ZrO2, can enhance the stability of the immobilized enzyme. The resulting biosensor provides a very effective matrix for the immobilization of glucose oxidase and exhibits a wide linear response range from 8 μmol/L to 3 mmol/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.994 for the detection of glucose.And the response time and detection limit of the biosensor are determined to be 6 S and 3.5 μmaol/L.respectively. Another attractive characteristic is that the biosensor is inexpensive. stable and reliable.

  3. Radiation grafting on natural films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacroix, M.; Khan, R.; Senna, M.; Sharmin, N.; Salmieri, S.; Safrany, A.

    2014-01-01

    Different methods of polymer grafting using gamma irradiation are reported in the present study for the preparation of newly functionalized biodegradable films, and some important properties related to their mechanical and barrier properties are described. Biodegradable films composed of zein and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) were gamma-irradiated in presence of different ratios of acrylic acid (AAc) monomer for compatibilization purpose. Resulting grafted films (zein/PVA-g-AAc) had their puncture strength (PS=37-40 N mm-1) and puncture deformation (PD=6.5-9.8 mm) improved for 30% and 50% PVA in blend, with 5% AAc under 20 kGy. Methylcellulose (MC)-based films were irradiated in the presence of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) or silane, in order to determine the effect of monomer grafting on the mechanical properties of films. It was found that grafted films (MC-g-HEMA and MC-g-silane) using 35% monomer performed higher mechanical properties with PS values of 282-296 N mm-1 and PD of 5.0-5.5 mm under 10 kGy. Compatibilized polycaprolactone (PCL)/chitosan composites were developed via grafting silane in chitosan films. Resulting trilayer grafted composite film (PCL/chitosan-g-silane/PCL) presented superior tensile strength (TS=22 MPa) via possible improvement of interfacial adhesion (PCL/chitosan) when using 25% silane under 10 kGy. Finally, MC-based films containing crystalline nanocellulose (CNC) as a filling agent were prepared and irradiated in presence of trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA) as a grafted plasticizer. Grafted films (MC-g-TMPTMA) presented superior mechanical properties with a TS of 47.9 MPa and a tensile modulus (TM) of 1792 MPa, possibly due to high yield formation of radicals to promote TMPTMA grafting during irradiation. The addition of CNC led to an additional improvement of the barrier properties, with a significant 25% reduction of water vapor permeability (WVP) of grafted films.

  4. An investigation into the digestibility of chitosan by human colonic bacteria.

    OpenAIRE

    McConnell, E. L.; Basit, A. W.; Murdan, S.

    2006-01-01

    The suitability of chitosan (non-crosslinked and crosslinked by glutaraldehyde) for colonic drug delivery was assessed by incubation of chitosan films in human faecal slurry and assessment of the film’s disappearance with time. It was found that non-crosslinked chitosan, was digested by colonic bacteria, but crosslinked chitosan was not.

  5. MUCOADHESIVE MICROPARTICLES OF CARBOXYMETHYL CHITOSAN FOR SITE SPECIFIC DELIVERY OF PANTOPRAZOLE: FORMULATION AND IN VITRO CHARACTERIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    N.A. Gujarathi*, B.R. Rane and J.K. Patel

    2012-01-01

    Carboxymethyl chitosan, a water soluble modified carboxymethyl substituted chitosan derivative have distinct and unique properties, rendering them effective to form selective permeable mucoadhesive film or membranes. In the formulation of chitosan microsphere an acidic environment is essentially required that may degrade acid sensitive moiety, peptide or protein drugs. Mucoadhesive microparticle of carboxymethyl chitosan was designed and developed for site specific sustained release of Pantop...

  6. Osteoinductivity Assessment of BMP-2 Loaded Composite Chitosan-Nano-Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds in a Rat Muscle Pouch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warren O. Haggard

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the osteoinductivity of composite chitosan-nano-hydroxyapatite scaffolds in a rat muscle pouch model. Previous in vitro characterization demonstrated the ability of the scaffolds to promote bone regeneration and as a carrier for local delivery of BMP-2. Composite microspheres were prepared using a co-precipitation method, and scaffolds were fabricated using an acid wash to adhere beads together. To determine the in vivo osteoinductivity of the scaffolds, the following groups (n = 6 were implanted into muscle pouches created in the latissimus dorsi of Sprague Dawley rats: (A lyophilized scaffolds without rhBMP-2, (B lyophilized scaffolds with rhBMP-2, (C non-lyophilized scaffolds with rhBMP-2, and (D absorbable collagen sponge with rhBMP-2 (control. Groups B, C, and D were loaded with 4 mL of a 9.0 μg/mL solution of rhBMP-2 for 48 h. The rats were sacrificed after one month and samples were analyzed for amount of residual implant material, new bone, and osteoid. Although the experimental groups displayed minimal degradation after one month, all of the scaffolds contained small amounts of woven bone and considerable amounts of osteoid. Approximately thirty percent of the open space available for tissue ingrowth in the scaffolds contained new bone or osteoid in the process of mineralization. The ability of the composite scaffolds (with and without BMP-2 to promote ectopic bone growth in vivo was demonstrated.

  7. Chitosan/apatite composite beads prepared by in situ generation of apatite or Si-apatite nanocrystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidenko, Natalia; Carrodeguas, Raúl G; Peniche, Carlos; Solís, Yaimara; Cameron, Ruth E

    2010-02-01

    The objective of this work was to develop nanocrystalline apatite (Ap) dispersed in a chitosan (CHI) matrix as a material for applications in bone tissue engineering. CHI/Ap composites of different weight ratios (20/80, 50/50 and 80/20) and with CHI of different molecular weights were prepared by a biomimetic stepwise route. Firstly, CaHPO(4).2H(2)O (DCPD) crystals were precipitated from Ca(CH(3)COO)(2) and NaHPO(4) in the bulk CHI solution, followed by the formation of CHI/DCPD beads by coacervation. The beads were treated with Na(3)PO(4)/Na(5)P(3)O(10) solution (pH 12-13) to crosslink the CHI and to hydrolyse the DCPD to nanocrystalline Ap. This new experimental procedure ensured that complete conversion of DCPD into sodium-substituted apatite was achieved without appreciable increases in its crystallinity and particle size. In addition, composites with silicon-doped Ap were prepared by substituting Na(3)PO(4) by Na(2)SiO(3) in the crosslinking/hydrolysis step. Characterization of the resultant composites by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the formation, within the CHI matrix, of nanoparticles of sodium- and carbonate-substituted hydroxyapatite [Ca(10-x)Na(x)(PO(4))(6-x)(CO(3))(x)(OH)(2)] with diameters less than 20nm. Relatively good correspondence was shown between the experimentally determined inorganic content and that expected theoretically. Structural data obtained from its XRD patterns revealed a decrease in both crystal domain size and cell parameters of Ap formed in situ with increasing CHI content. It was found that the molecular weight of CHI and silicate doping both affected the nucleation and growth of apatite nanocrystallites. These effects are discussed in detail. PMID:19632363

  8. Electrochemistry of bilirubin oxidase and its use in preparation of a low cost enzymatic biofuel cell based on a renewable composite binder chitosan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Abstract: Spherical carbon nanoparticles KetjenBlack (KB) with a high sorption capacity together with conductivity increasing single walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were “glued” together by chitosan for the preparation of a composite. A biocathode with bilirubin oxidase (BOD) adsorbed within the composite was characterised and its composition optimised. A renewable biopolymer chitosan present in the composite offered (1) pre-concentration of BOD within the matrix via electrostatic interactions, (2) favourable orientation of BOD for a direct electron transfer (DET) between BOD and the composite, (3) electrochemical visibility of 3 redox sites present in BOD, (4) low charge transfer resistance, (5) high proton conductivity and (6) low overpotential for oxygen reduction. Electrochemical investigation of BOD revealed interesting internal redox communication within the enzyme with some novel insights provided. At least one of tyrosines present in BOD seems to be involved in electron transfer route, as well. The composite used for the biocathode was directly applied for the preparation of a bioanode with fructose dehydrogenase immobilised, working in a DET mode of operation. Finally, integration of the biocathode and the bioanode into a biofuel cell operated in a reagentless and membraneless mode offered a power density of 50 μW cm−2 at 300 mV.

  9. Synthesis and evaluation of diethylethylamine–chitosan for gene delivery: composition effects on the in vitro transfection efficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chitosan has been indicated as a safe and promising polycation vector for gene delivery. However its low transfection efficiency has been a challenging obstacle for its application. To address this limitation, we synthesized chitosan derivatives which had increasing amounts of diethylethylamine groups (DEAE) attached to the chitosan main chain. The plasmid DNA VR1412 (pDNA), encoding the ß-galactosidase (ß-gal) reporter gene was used to prepare nanoparticles with the chitosan derivatives, and the transfection studies were performed with HeLa cells. By means of dynamic light scattering and zeta potential measurements, it was shown that diethylethylamine–chitosan derivatives (DEAEx–CH) were able to condense DNA into small particles having a surface charge depending on the polymer/DNA ratio (N/P ratio). Nanoparticles prepared with derivatives containing 15 and 25% of DEAE groups (DEAE15–CH and DEAE25–CH) exhibited transfection efficiencies ten times higher than that observed with deacetylated chitosan (CH). For derivatives with higher degrees of substitution (DS), transfection efficiency decreased. The most effective carriers showed low cytotoxicity and good transfection activities at low charge ratios (N/P). Vectors with low DS were easily degraded in the presence of lysozyme at physiological conditions in vitro and the nontoxicity displayed by these vectors opens up new opportunities in the design of DEAE–chitosan-based nanoparticles for gene delivery. (paper)

  10. Preventive Effects of Chitosan Coacervate Whey Protein on Body Composition and Immunometabolic Aspect in Obese Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Inácio de Morais Honorato de Souza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Functional foods containing bioactive compounds of whey may play an important role in prevention and treatment of obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate the prospects of the biotechnological process of coacervation of whey proteins (CWP in chitosan and test its antiobesogenic potenti