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Sample records for chinese herbal medicines

  1. TRADITIONAL CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ZHU, YP; WOERDENBAG, HJ

    1995-01-01

    Herbal medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion, and massage and the three major constituent parts of traditional Chinese medicine. Although acupuncture is well known in many Western countries, Chinese herbal medicine, the mos important part of traditional Chinese medicine, is less well known in the We

  2. Instruction to Authors of Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chinese Herbal Medicines, an international journal sponsored by the Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research and Institute of Medicinal Plant Develop-ment. The Journal s purpose is to provide a forum for the studies on Chinese herbal medicines, traditional medicines, and natural products.

  3. Quality Control Approaches for Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Hai-long; ZHANG Tian-tian; XIAO Xiao-he

    2011-01-01

    The current official quality control approaches meet the challenges from the complexity of herbal medicines.In fact,any herbal medicines containing numerous unknown components,its curative effect usually depends on the whole of herbal medicines,so it is impossible and unnecessary to qualitatively and quantitatively study every component.By investigating the limitations of current quality control approaches for herbal medicines and the difference and similarity in the chemical substantial style as well as quality control pattern of herbal medicines,a new quality control approach for Chinese herbal medicines should be explored and designed.The combination approach of chemical analysis with bioassay is promising to be developed and employed in order to ensure the safety and efficacy of Chinese herbal medicines.

  4. Tianjin Press of Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs One of the most famous journals about Chinese herbal medicines in China.The journal started publication monthly since January 1970,is an academic and technical journal sponsored by Chinese Pharmaceutical Association and Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research.The journal which has a long history over 40 years offers the columns of

  5. Chinese herbal medicine for treatment of dislipidemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haiyun Wu; Jianwei Bei; Jiao Guo

    2009-01-01

    Prevalence of dislipidemia is increasing rapidly in China and there has been a growing interest in Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of hyperlipidemia both inside and outside China. In this article, lipids regulating effects of 9 herbs or their extracts and 5 herbal formulae which have been published in English-language literature are reviewed. Although evidence from animals and humans consistently supports the therapeutic activities of these Chinese herbal medicines, few multi-center large-scale clinical trials have been conducted to confirm the efficacy and evaluate their safety.

  6. Latest Progress on Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tianjin Press of Chinese Herbal Medicines

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHM) has been recently included in the Wanfang Database-Digital Periodical Group, China Academic Journals Integrated Online Database, Index of Copernicus (IC) in Poland, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) in USA, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory domestically and abroad.

  7. Preface for the First Issue of Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖培根

    2009-01-01

    With more than 5000 years of Chinese history and as a part of Chinese culture, Chinese herbal medicines have been playing a critical role in fighting various diseases and keeping human’s health. More than 5000 Chinese herbal medicines collected in the Comprehensive

  8. Chinese herbal medicine research in eczema treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leung Ping

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Eczema is a chronic relapsing atopic dermatitis (AD associated with pruritus, sleep disturbance and poor quality of life of the patient. Treatment of eczema includes use of emollient, topical and systemic antimicrobial agents, corticosteroid or immunomodulating agents. Many patients also seek alternative treatments such as dietary avoidance, supplementation or both. This article reviews the basic pathophysiology of eczema and clinical trials involving Chinese medicine in the treatment of eczema. Research reports on Chinese herbal medicine for eczema were retrieved from PubMed and the Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews for this review. Only a few RCTs demonstrated the efficacy (or lack of efficacy of Chinese medicinal herbs in treating atopic eczema. Further larger scale trials are warranted.

  9. Latest Progress in Tianjin Press of Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Four journals including Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs (CTHD), Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHM), Drugs & Clinic (DC), and Drug Evaluation Research (DER) are edited and published by Tianjin Press of Chinese Herbal Medicines. CTHD was first published in 1970 and has been playing a great role for Chinese materia medica (CMM), especially in its present modernization. CTHD has successively won several honors in recent years, such as the 2nd State

  10. Chinese herbal medicine for severe acute respiratory syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Jianping; Manheimer, Eric; Shi, Yi

    2004-01-01

    To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of Chinese herbal medicine for treating severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) systematically.......To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of Chinese herbal medicine for treating severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) systematically....

  11. Tianjin Press of Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs The journal started publication monthly since January 1970, is an academic and technical journal sponsored by Chinese Pharmaceutical Association and Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research. The journal which has a long history over 40 years offers the columns of research papers, brief reports, reviews, dissertation, and special treatises to report the recent achievements of the basic study, production, quality

  12. Safety concerns of herbal products and traditional Chinese herbal medicines: Dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids and aristolochic acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    In many countries, including the United States, herbal supplements, tisanes and vegetable products, including traditional Chinese medicines, are largely unregulated and their content is not registered, monitored or verified. Consequently, potent plant toxins including dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids ...

  13. Safety concerns of herbal products and traditional Chinese herbal medicines: Dehydopyrrolizidine alkaloids and aristolochic acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    In many countries, including the United States, herbal supplements, tisanes and vegetable products including traditional Chinese medicines are largely unregulated and their content is not registered, monitored or verified. Consequently potent plant toxins including dehydopyrrolizidine alkaloids and...

  14. Chinese Herbal Medicine for Symptom Management in Cancer Palliative Care

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Use of Chinese herbal medicines (CHM) in symptom management for cancer palliative care is very common in Chinese populations but clinical evidence on their effectiveness is yet to be synthesized. To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis to summarize results from CHM randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on symptoms that are undertreated in conventional cancer palliative care. Five international and 3 Chinese databases were searched. RCTs evaluating CHM, either in comb...

  15. Delayed luminescence: an experimental protocol for Chinese herbal medicines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sun, M.; Wijk, R. van; Wijk, E. van; Wang, M.; Wietmarschen, H. van; Hankemeier, T.; Greef, J. van der

    2016-01-01

    In Chinese medicine, raw herbal materials are used in processed and unprocessed forms aiming to meet the different requirements of clinical practice. To assure the chemical quality and therapeutic properties of the herbs, fast and integrated systematic assays are required. So far, such assays have n

  16. [Research progress of Chinese herbal medicine raw materials in cosmetics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Yan-jun; Kong, Wei-jun; Yang, Mei-hua; Yang, Shi-hai

    2015-10-01

    Advocating green, nature, environmental protection, safety and the pursuit of efficacy are the trends of cosmetics in the world. In recent years, more and more Chinese herbal extracts with mild, high safety and small irritation are applied to cosmetics as the natural additives. This has become a new hot spot. The recent application advances of Chinese medicine raw materials in cosmetics are overviewed according to their main functions. This review will provide useful references for the future development and application of Chinese medicinal herbs cosmetics.

  17. The use of Chinese herbal drugs in Islamic medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mojtaba Heyadri; Mohammad Hashem Hashempur; Mohammad Hosein Ayati; Detlev Quintern; Majid Nimrouzi; Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates some of the ways that Chinese medicine has been transferred to the Western world and to Islamic territories. During the Golden Age of Islam (8th to 13th century CE), the herbal drug trade promoted significant commercial and scientific exchange between China and the Muslim world. Chinese herbal drugs have been described by medieval Muslim medical scholars such as Tabari (870 CE), Rhazes (925 CE), Haly Abbas (982 CE), Avicenna (1037 CE) and Jurjani (1137 CE). The term al-sin (the Arabic word for China) is used 46 times in Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine in reference to herbal drugs imported from China. Cinnamon (dar sini; “Chinese herb”), wild ginger (asaron), rhubarb (rivand-e sini), nutmeg (basbasa), incense tree wood (ood), cubeb (kababe) and sandalwood (sandal) were the most frequently mentioned Chinese herbs in Islamic medical books. There are also multiple similarities between the clinical uses of these herbs in both medical systems. It appears that Chinese herbal drugs were a major component of the exchange of goods and knowledge between China and the Islamic and later to the Western world amid this era.

  18. Herbal Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for its scent, flavor, or therapeutic properties. Herbal medicines are one type of dietary supplement. They are ... and fresh or dried plants. People use herbal medicines to try to maintain or improve their health. ...

  19. Placebos used in clinical trials for Chinese herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Guan D; We, Ding A; Chung, Leung P; Fai, Cheng K

    2008-06-01

    One of the important components in randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) is blinding. The gold standard of clinical trials is to achieve a double blind design. However, only a small number of randomized controlled trials in traditional Chinese medicine have been reported, most of them are of poor quality in methodology including placebo preparation and verification. The purpose of the article is to review the validity of placebo used in blinded clinical trials for Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in recent years and related patents. We searched the Wanfang Database (total of 827 Chinese journals of medicine and/or pharmacy, from 1999 to 2005) and 598 full-length articles related to placebo clinical trials were found. 77 placebo blinded clinical trials for Chinese medicine were extracted by manual search from the 598 articles. After reviewing the 77 full-length articles, we found that nearly half of the clinical trials did not pay attention to the physical quality of the testing drug and placebo and whether they were of comparable physical quality. The rest provided very limited placebo information so that blinding assurance could not be assumed. Only 2 articles (2.6%) specifically validated the comparability between the testing drug and the placebo. Researchers in Chinese medicine commonly ignored the quality of the placebo in comparison to the test drug. This may be causing bias in the clinical trials. Quality specifications and evaluation of the placebo should deserve special attention to reduce bias in randomized controlled trials in TCM study.

  20. Systematic review of Chinese herbal medicine for functional constipation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chung-Wah Cheng; Zhao-Xiang Bian; Tai-Xiang Wu

    2009-01-01

    Constipation is a common gastrointestinal complaint in clinical practice, affecting an estimated 27% of the population. Many patients are disappointed by current conventional treatments and, therefore, seek help from complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Traditional Chinese medicine, is the most important part of CAM and has been practiced for treating diseases and promoting the health of humans for thousands of years, and has become a popular alternative choice. Although there are many Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) interventions available, and some have been verified by clinical trials, their efficacy and safety are still questioned by both patients and health care providers worldwide. The purposes of this review are, first, to appraise the qualities of individual study designs in the new Cochrane approach. Second, the benefits of individual CHM interventions or individual types of CHM intervention for the treatment of functional constipation are analyzed. Finally, valid and comprehensive conclusions are drawn, if applicable, in order to make clinical recommendations.

  1. Discrimination of Chinese Herbal Medicine by Machine Olfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yawen Shao

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available “Small Sample Size” (SSS problem would occur while using linear discriminant analysis (LDA algorithm with traditional Fisher criterion if the within-class scatter matrix is singular. The combination of maximum scatter difference (MSD criterion and LDA algorithm for solve SSS problem is described. It is employed to detect three kinds of Chinese herbal medicines from different growing areas by machine olfaction. Compared with PCA or PCA + LDA algorithm, the classification result was enhanced. It works out that only a few samples of Anhui Atractylodes are classified incorrectly, however, the classification rate reaches 97.8%.

  2. Chinese Herbal Medicine on Cardiovascular Diseases and the Mechanisms of Action

    OpenAIRE

    Cuiqing Liu; Yu Huang

    2016-01-01

    Cardiovascular diseases are the principal cause of death worldwide. The potentially serious adverse effects of therapeutic drugs lead to growing awareness of the role of Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Chinese herbal medicine has been widely used in many countries especially in China from antiquity, however, the mechanisms by which herbal medicine acts in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases are far from clear. In this review, we briefly...

  3. Impact of Chinese Herbal Medicine on American Society and Health Care System: Perspective and Concern

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Winston I.; Lu, Dominic P.

    2014-01-01

    Many Americans, not completely satisfied with traditional western medicine, have turned to alternative and complementary medicine which explains the increasing popularity of the herbal products and the Chinese herbal medicine. The lack of government regulations and the increasing advertisements by the manufactures have created an impression to the common public that the natural herbal remedies are inherently safer and cheaper than conventional medicine. The skyrocketing rise of healthcare cos...

  4. Searching for a Cure: The FDA's Regulatory Approach to Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Anna L.

    1997-01-01

    I will begin this discussion by describing traditional Chinese medicine and how it compares to the Western medical tradition. Second, I will then examine why regulation is necessary given the impact of Chinese herbal medicine on American healthcare. Then, I will proceed to the problem of trying to fit a square peg into a round hole, namely, the issue of regulating Chinese herbal medicine under current statutory provisions. Fourth, I will analyze state and federal responses to alternative ther...

  5. Anticancer effects of Chinese herbal medicine, science or myth?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RUAN Wen-jing; LAI Mao-de; ZHOU Jian-guang

    2006-01-01

    Currently there is considerable interest among oncologists to find anticancer drugs in Chinese herbal medicine (CHM).In the past, clinical data showed that some herbs possessed anticancer properties, but western scientists have doubted the scientific validity of CHM due to the lack of scientific evidence from their perspective. Recently there have been encouraging results, from a western perspective, in the cancer research field regarding the anticancer effects of CHM. Experiments showed that CHM played its anticancer role by inducing apoptosis and differentiation, enhancing the immune system, inhibiting angiogenesis, reversing multidrug resistance (MDR), etc. Clinical trials demonstrated that CHM could improve survival, increase tumor response, improve quality of life, or reduce chemotherapy toxicity, although much remained to be determined regarding the objective effects of CHM in human in the context of clinical trials. Interestingly, both laboratory experiments and clinical trials have demonstrated that when combined with chemotherapy, CHM could raise the efficacy level and lower toxic reactions. These facts raised the feasibility of the combination of herbal medicines and chemotherapy, although much remained to be investigated in this area.

  6. Effects and Mechanisms of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Ameliorating Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qing Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MIR injury is a major contributor to the morbidity and mortality associated with coronary artery disease, which accounts for approximately 450,000 deaths a year in the United States alone. Chinese herbal medicine, especially combined herbal formulations, has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of myocardial infarction for hundreds of years. While the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine is well documented, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. In this review, we highlight recent studies which are focused on elucidating the cellular and molecular mechanisms using extracted compounds, single herbs, or herbal formulations in experimental settings. These studies represent recent efforts to bridge the gap between the enigma of ancient Chinese herbal medicine and the concepts of modern cell and molecular biology in the treatment of myocardial infarction.

  7. Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis with Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Xiao-ling; FENG Yu-xiong; PENG Yong

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,laboratory reports,medication rules,formulating principles,and research methods are summarized and analyzed,including single herb,compound herbs,and the problems in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis(OP)within the past decade.With widely recognized efficacy,satisfying achievements have been achieved in preventing and treating OP with Chinese herbal medicines(CHM).However,due to the complex constituents,the pharmacological activities and mechanism of CHM are not clear yet,and there is no unified standard on the diagnosis and syndrome differentiation of OP and the efficacy evaluation of CHM in the treatment.Accordingly,the research in the future should focus on the pharmacology and standardization of CHM in treating OP.

  8. Screening test for anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of traditional Chinese herbal medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    AIM:To evaluate the anti-Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) activity of 50 traditional Chinese herbal medicines in order to provide the primary evidence for their use in clinical practice.METHODS:A susceptibility test of water extract from 50 selected traditional Chinese herbal medicines for in vitro H.pylori Sydney strain 1 was performed with broth dilution method.Anti-H.pylori activity of the selected Chinese herbal medicines was evaluated according to their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC).RESULTS:The ...

  9. Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine on Immunohistochemistry of Harder's Glands of Chickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Ping; GAO Guisheng; SHI Qiumei; LI Min

    2009-01-01

    To investigate the mechanism of action of Chinese herbal medicine, the immunocells of Harder's glands were observed.The healthy Hy-Line Brown chickens of 12-day-old were divided into three groups randomly. The chickens in group 1 and 2 drank the water with 0.5% and 1% Chinese herbal medicine immunopromoter every day. The chickens in group 3 as control drank pure water. The Harder's glands of the chickens from 0.5% group, 1% group and control group at 24, 36 and 48 d after drinking medicine respectively were made into histological section. And then the histological sections were observed histologically. The results showed that Chinese herbal medicine could increase the quantity of the immunocells in glandular organs conspicuously. Immunopotentiator of Chinese herbal medicine could promote the amount and growth of secreted immunoglobuline and elevate the immune level of the organism, and the effect of 1% group was higher than that of 0.5% group.

  10. Chinese herbal medicines as adjuvant treatment during chemo- or radio-therapy for cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Fanghua; Li, Anyuan; Inagaki, Yoshinori; Gao, Jianjun; Li, Jijun; Kokudo, Norihiro; Li, Xiao-Kang; Tang, Wei

    2010-12-01

    Numerous studies have indicated that in cancer treatment Chinese herbal medicines in combination with chemo- or radio-therapy can be used to enhance the efficacy of and diminish the side effects and complications caused by chemo- and radio-therapy. Therefore, an understanding of Chinese herbal medicines is needed by physicians and other health care providers. This review provides evidence for use of Chinese herbal medicines as adjuvant cancer treatment during chemo- or radio-therapy. First, Chinese herbal medicines (e.g. Astragalus, Turmeric, Ginseng, TJ-41, PHY906, Huachansu injection, and Kanglaite injection) that are commonly used by cancer patients for treating the cancer and/or reducing the toxicity induced by chemo- or radio-therapy are discussed. Preclinical and clinical studies have shown that these Chinese herbal medicines possess great advantages in terms of suppressing tumor progression, increasing the sensitivity of chemo- and radio-therapeutics, improving an organism's immune system function, and lessening the damage caused by chemo- and radio-therapeutics. Second, clinical trials of Chinese herbal medicines as adjuvant cancer treatment are reviewed. By reducing side effects and complications during chemo- and radio-therapy, these Chinese herbal medicines have a significant effect on reducing cancer-related fatigue and pain, improving respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal side effects including diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, protecting liver function, and even ameliorating the symptoms of cachexia. This review should contribute to an understanding of Chinese herbal medicines as adjuvant treatment for cancer and provide useful information for the development of more effective anti-cancer drugs.

  11. Synergistic effects of Chinese herbal medicine: a comprehensive review of methodology and current research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xian Zhou

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Chinese medicine is an important part of primary health care in Asian countries that has utilised complex herbal formulations (consisting 2 or more medicinal herbs for treating diseases over thousands of years. There seems to be a general assumption that the synergistic therapeutic effects of Chinese herbal medicine derive from the complex interactions between the multiple bioactive components within the herbs and/or herbal formulations. However, evidence to support these synergistic effects remains weak and controversial due to several reasons, including the very complex nature of Chinese herbal medicine, misconceptions about synergy, methodological challenges to study design. In this review, we clarify the definition of synergy, identify common errors in synergy research and describe current methodological approaches to test for synergistic interaction. We discuss the strengthen and weakness of these models in the context of Chinese herbal medicine and summarise the current status of synergy research in CHM. Despite the availability of some scientific data to support the synergistic effects of multi-herbal and/or herb-drug combinations, the level of evidence remains low and the clinical relevancy of most of these findings is undetermined. There remain significant challenges in the development of suitable methods for synergistic studies of complex herbal combinations.

  12. New Progress in Modern Research on Chinese Herbal Medicines Published in Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs in 2010: Annual Highlights and Comments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Chun-nian; LIU Yan-ze; XIAO Pei-gen

    2011-01-01

    As a series of and continuous publication,the papers published on Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs in 2010 were selectively and briefly highlighted to reflect the new progress on modern research of Chinese herbal medicines.Within 617 articles,chemical constituents (127),pharmaceutics and technology (149),pharmacological studies and clinical observation,and medicinal materials are still major categories.Some comments have also been personally provided.

  13. Screening of Chinese Herbal Medicines Resistant to Chicken Escherichia coli and Infectious Laryngotracheitis Virus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] This study aimed to screen Chinese herbal medicines resistant to Chicken Escherichia coli and infectious laryngotracheitis virus. [Methed] Conven- tional punch method, test tube method and plate dilution method were adopted for in vitro susceptibility test of chicken E, coil strains O5 and O8 using 13 kinds of Chi- nese herbal medicines including Sanguisorba officinalis, Coptis chinensis, Anemar- rhena asphodeloides, Strobilanthes cusia, Agastache rugosa, etc.; chicken embryo inoculation experiment was adopted to screen Chinese herbal medicines resistant to chicken infectious laryngotracheitis virus. [Result] Sanguisorba officinalis, Fructus mume, Rheum officinale, Coptis chinensis, Herba Taraxaci, Anemarrhena asphode- Ioides, Scutellaria baicalensis and Rhizoma Fagopyri Cymosi had ideal antibacterial effect against chicken E. coil strain O5; Sanguisorba officinalis, Fructus mume, Rheum officinale, Coptis chinensis, Herba taraxaci and Rhizoma Fagopyri Cymosi had ideal antibacterial effect against chicken E. coil strain 08; other Chinese herbal medicines showed relatively poor or no antibacterial effect. Results of chicken embryo inoculation experiment showed that nine kinds of Chinese herbal medicines showed relatively strong anti-lLTV effect, including Forsythia suspensa, Radix Isatidis, Fofium isatidis, Flos Ionicerae, Radix codonopsis, Radix astragali, Atractylodes, Radix gly- cyrrhizae, and Pericarpium granati. [Conclusion] The study laid the foundation for fur- ther development of Chinese herbal compound preparations to treat chicken cofibacil- Iosis, infectious laryngotracheitis and other bacterial, viral diseases.

  14. Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture for the treatment of cardiovascular disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Xu; Haiyun Wu

    2009-01-01

    @@ Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the world's oldest healing systems. TCM includes herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion, massage, food therapy, and physical exercise, such as shadow boxing. In modern China, TCM is a fully institutionalised part of health care and widely used with Western medicine.

  15. Tonic Herbs and Herbal Mixtures in Chinese Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Efferth

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This review results from a PubMed-based data-mining of scientific literature concerning typical tonic herbs and formulas of Chinese herbal medicine and their application principle under the theory of CM. We have focused on two aspects of tonic activity: body tonification against qi气-, blood血-, yin阴- and yang阳-deficiency, respectively, and organ (Zang 脏and Fu腑 tonification against heart-, liver-, spleen/stomach-, lung-, and kidney-deficiency, respectively. Body-tonifying herbs are: Astragalus Membranaceus Radix (Huang-qi黄芪 and Panax Ginseng Radix (Ren-shen人参 for qi-tonification; Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Dang-gui当归 and Rehmannia Glutinosa Radix Preparata (Shu-di熟地 for blood-tonification; Ophiopogon Japonicus Radix (Mai-dong麦冬 and Scrophularia Ningpoensis Radix (Xuan-shen玄参 for yin-deficiency; Myristica Fragrans Semen (Rou-dou-kou肉豆蔻 and Psoralea Corylifolia Fructus (Bu-gu-zhi补骨脂 for yang-deficiency. The corresponding CM formulas are: Bu-zhong-yi-qi decoction (补中益气汤 for qi-tonification; Si-wu decoction (四物汤 for blood-tonification; Zeng-ye decoction (增液汤 for yin-tonification; Si-shen pill (四神丸 for yang-tonification. Organ-tonifying herbs are: Glycyrrhizae Uralensis Radix Preparata (Zhi-gan-cao炙甘草 and Rehmannia Glutinosa Radix (Di-huang地黄 for heart-tonification; Lycium Barbarum Fructus (Gou-qi-zi枸杞子 and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Dang-gui当归 for liver-tonification; Panax Ginseng Radix (Ren-shen人参 and Atractylodis Macrocephala Rhizoma (Bai-zhu白术 for spleen/stomach-tonification; Panax Ginseng Radix (Ren-shen人参 and Astragalus Membranaceus Radix (Huang-qi黄芪 for lung-tonification; Cornus Officinalis Fructus (Shan-zhu-yu山茱萸 and Dioscorea Opposite Rhizoma (Shan-yao山药 for kidney-tonification. The corresponding CM formulas are: Zhi-gan-cao decoction (炙甘草汤 for heart-tonification; Yi-guan decoction (一贯煎 for liver

  16. Methemoglobinemia development after ingestion of a chinese herbal medicine: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Se Eun Hyun

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available An 8-year-old girl visited the emergency room with perioral cyanosis and dyspnea, which had developed 20 hrs prior to the hospital visit. She had taken a Chinese herbal medication for 3 days prior to the onset of the symptoms. A co-oximeter examination revealed a methemoglobin level of 23.7%. An intravenous infusion of methylene blue was administered. Chemical analysis of the herbal medication revealed an ammonia (NH3 level of 239.41 mg/L. More studies are needed on the correlation between methemoglobinemia and the components of Chinese herbal medicines.

  17. Roles of Chinese herbal medicines in ischemic heart diseases (IHD) by regulating oxidative stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dawei; Wang, Jin; Liu, Yuntao; Zhao, Zhen; Liu, Qing

    2016-10-01

    Ischemic heart disease (IHD) basing on atherosclerosis (AS) is known as a top killer for decades. Oxidative stress, representing excessive oxidation and insufficient elimination, has been proved to be a critical molecular mechanism of IHD and accompanying myocardium dysfunction. Therefore, anti-oxidation therapy may be efficient. Chinese herbal medicine, including extractive compounds, decoctions, patent drugs, and injections, has shown its enormous potential in prevention and treatment of IHD as an effective antioxidant in experimental studies. The aim of this review is to highlight recent studies of Chinese herbal medicine in regulating oxidative stress in IHD. These studies represent recent progress of IHD treatment and indicate the possible pathways and target spots of Chinese herbal medicine.

  18. Studies on Treating Eczema by Chinese Herbal Medicine with Anti-Type Ⅳ Allergic Activity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To study Chinese herbal prescription for treatment of eczema on the basis of the suppressive effect of Chinese herbal medicine with type Ⅳ allergic reaction. Methods: Various formulae composed of Chinese herbal medicines possessing suppressive effect on murine allergic contact dermatitis were formed following the therapeutic principles of traditional Chinese medicine in treating eczema, and their effect on ear swelling, ear flake weight, dermal inflammatory infiltration cell count and plasma level of calcitonin gene related peptide ( CGRP) were examined in mice with dinitrofluorobenzene induced dermatitis. The prescription, Composite Poria Decoction was formulated and made into granule form, which was used to treat 63 cases of eczema (atopic dermatitis was excluded), and compared with 59 cases treated with antihistaminic that was aimed at the type I allergic reaction. Results: Experimental study showed that all the 4 Chinese prescriptions had the effect of anti-type Ⅳ allergic reaction, among them, the formula for cooling blood and removing Heat, Wind and Dampness evil possessed the most potent effect in suppressing murine dermatitis, and it was also able to up-regulate the plasma CGRP concentration. The clinical cure rate of Composite Poria Granule treatment was 47.6%, and that of the control was 22.0%. The difference was significant between the two groups (u=2.9555, P<0.01). Conclusions: Chinese herbal medicine has the effect of anti-type Ⅳ allergic reaction. Composite Poria Granule has good effect in treating eczema.

  19. Prescriptions of Chinese Herbal Medicines for Insomnia in Taiwan during 2002

    OpenAIRE

    Fang-Pey Chen; Maw-Shiou Jong; Yu-Chun Chen; Yen-Ying Kung; Tzeng-Ji Chen; Fun-Jou Chen; Shinn-Jang Hwang

    2011-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been commonly used for treating insomnia in Asian countries for centuries. The aim of this study was to conduct a large-scale pharmaco-epidemiologic study and evaluate the frequency and patterns of CHM use in treating insomnia. We obtained the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) outpatient claims from the National Health Insurance in Taiwan for the year 2002. Patients with insomnia were identified from the diagnostic code of International Classification of Dis...

  20. CLINICAL OBSERVATION ON TREATMENT OF CHRONIC PHARYNGITIS WITH ACUPUNCTURE PLUS CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂荣华

    2003-01-01

    @@ Chronic pharyngitis is the diffuse inflammation of the pharyngeal mucus, submucosal and lymph tissues. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) considers it to be the category of "Meiheqi" (梅核气,globus hystericus), "Shiyin" (失音,aphonia) and "Houbi" (喉痹,inflammation of the throat). According to the theory of TCM, the author of the present paper adopted acupuncture plus Chinese herbal medicines to treat it from 1990 to 2002, and achieved a satisfactory result. It is reported as follows.

  1. A meta-analysis of Chinese herbal medicines for vascular dementia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiude Qin; Yu Liu; Yanqing Wu; Shuo Wang; Dandan Wang; Jinqiang Zhu; Qiaofeng Ye; Wei Mou; Liyuan Kang

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicines in the treatment of patients with vascular dementia.DATA RETRIEVAL: We retrieved publications from Cochrane Library (2004 to July 2011), PubMed (1966 to July 2011), the Chinese Science and Technique Journals Database (1977 to July 2011), the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (1979 to July 2011), Google Scholar (July 2011), and the Chinese Biomedical Database (1977 to July 2011) using the key words "Chinese medicine OR Chinese herbal medicine" and "vascular dementia OR mild cognition impair OR multi-infarct dementia OR small-vessel dementia OR strategic infarct dementia OR hypoperfusion dementia OR hemorrhagic dementia OR hereditary vascular dementia".MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Effective rate, Mini-Mental State Examination scores, Hasegawa Dementia Scale scores, and incidence of adverse reactions.CONCLUSION: Chinese herbal medicine appears to be safer and more effective than control measures in the treatment of vascular dementia. However, the included trials were generally low in quality. More well-designed, high-quality trials are needed to provide better evidence for the assessment of the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicines for vascular dementia.

  2. Integrated Development of Chinese Herbal Medicine Planting and Tourist Commodities: A Case Study of Green Handmade Soap Development in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiu; LI; Mengxuan; CHEN; Xiaoli; SONG

    2015-01-01

    Combining current situations of Chinese herbal medicine planting industry in Shandong,in line with existing problems of Chinese herbal medicine planting industry,this paper analyzed development prospect of tourist commodity industry in Shandong Province,and came up with actual selection and recommendations for integrated development of Chinese herbal medicine planting and tourist commodities.

  3. [Determination of the contents of trace elements in chinese herbal medicines for treating respiratory system diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Li-Qin; Dong, Shun-Fu; Liu, Jian-Hua

    2008-02-01

    There is an intimate connection between trace elements and body healthiness, trace elements and organism depend on each other, and each trace element exists with certain proportion, which preserve physio-function. If the balance is of maladjustment, diseases may occur or develop. The trace elements were determined in 16 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines by atomic absorption spectrometry. The medicines include lilium brownii, herba houttuyniae, licorice root, radices isatidis seu baphicacanthi, Sehizandra sinensis Bail, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Beimu, Polygonum multiflorum Thunb, Lithospermum officinalel, Rhizoma acori gramjnoi, Pinellia ternate Breit, Salisburia adiantifolia, Lonicera japonica, Radices puerarire, Bupleurum falcatum and Ligusticum wallichii, all of which could be bought on the market. Sixteen kinds of Chinese herbal medicines commonly used to treat respiratroy system diseases in clinic were selected, dried and powdered, completely mixed, 1.000 0 g was weighed accurately with analytical balance, and 3 portions were used for each kind of sample. The atomic absorption spectrometry was used to determine the contents of trace elements (Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr, Ni and Mn), and the content discrepancy of the trace elements in different medicines was observed the results shows that the contents of the trace elements were rich in the 16 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines, there were more contents of Fe, Zn and Mn, but they were different in different medicines. And there were more trace elements in Salisburia adiantifolia, Polygonum multiflorum Thunb, Bupleurum falcatum, Sehizandra sinensis Bail, Pinellia ternate Breit and Lithospermum officinalel, and lower trace elements in Radices puerarire, Rhizoma acori gramjnoi and Radices isatidis seu baphicacanthi. The analytic results provided useful data for using Chinese herbal medicines and provided theoretical basis for studying Chinese herbal medicines theory.

  4. The application status of Chinese herbal medicine in military health service in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ge-Liang; Gu, Wei; Zhang, Hui-Qing; Zhai, Xiao-Feng; Li, Xiao-Qian; Ling, Chang-Quan

    2016-07-01

    Military medicine has had a long history in China since the emergence of the war. Chinese medicine, especially Chinese herbs, was widely used in China as well as other Asian countries for the prevention and treatment of diseases in the military for hundreds of years. However, the use of Chinese medicine in military health service has never been well studied. In this article, we briefly summarize the application status of Chinese herbal medicine in military health service in China, putting particular emphasis on special military environment, in an attempt to build a bridge between Chinese medicine and military health service and promote the quality of health service for the military and maintain world peace.

  5. Study on the mechanism of regulation on peritoneal lymphatic stomata with Chinese herbal medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Ding, Shi-Ping; Li, Ji-Cheng; Xu, Jian; Mao, Lian-Gen

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To study the mechanism of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM, the prescription consists of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Radix Codonopsitis Pilosulae, Rhizoma Atractylodis Alba and Rhizoma Alismatis, Leonurus Heterophyllus Sweet, etc) on the regulation of the peritoneal lymphatic stomata and the ascites drainage.

  6. Progress of Research in Treatment of Hyperlipidemia by Monomer or Compound Recipe of Chinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DOU Xiao-bing; WO Xing-de; FAN Chun-lei

    2008-01-01

    Hyperlipidemia (HLP) is the No.1 risk factor for patients with atherosclerosis (AS) and is directly related to the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and cerebrovascular disease. Therefore, prevention and treatment of AS is of great importance and of practical significance in controlling the incidence and mortality of CAD. With its peculiar syndrome-dependent therapy, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has accumulated abundant practical experiences in this field and good clinical effects have been achieved. Chinese herbal medicine, with its particularly unique advantages and high potentials yet to be tapped, displays its huge strength in HLP prevention and treatment. The progress of studies concerning prevention and treatment of HLP by Chinese herbal medicines, in the form of monomers or compound recipes, is reviewed in this paper.

  7. Efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for benign prostatic hyperplasia: systematic review of randomized controlled trials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun Ho Ma; Wai Ling Lin; Sing Leung Lui; Xun-Yuan Cai; Vivian Taam Wong; Eric Ziea; Zhang-Jin Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicine is commonly used as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH),but its efficacy and safety remain to be examined.To compare the efficacy and adverse events of Chinese herbal medicine alone or used adjuvantly with Western medications for BPH.Two independent reviewers searched the major electronic databases for randomized controlled trials comparing Chinese herbal medicine,either in single or adjuvant use with Western medication,with placebo or Western medication.Relevant journals and grey literature were also hand-searched.The outcome measures included changes in urological symptoms,urodynamic measures,prostate volume and adverse events.The frequency of commonly used herbs was also identified.Out of 13 922 identified citations of publications,31 studies were included.Eleven studies with a Jadad score ≥ 3 were selected for meta-analysis.Chinese herbal medicine was superior to Western medication in improving quality of life and reducing prostate volume.The frequency of adverse events in Chinese herbal medicine was similar to that of placebo and less than that of Western medication.The evidence is too weak to support the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine for BPH due to the poor methodological quality and small number of trials included.The commonly used herbs identified here should provide insights for future clinical practice and research.Larger randomized controlled trials of better quality are needed to truly evaluate the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine.

  8. Prescription of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Pattern-Based Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment for Depression: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wing-Fai Yeung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM treatments are often prescribed based on individuals’ pattern diagnoses. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials in Chinese and English literatures on TCM pattern-based treatment for depression has therefore been conducted. A total of 61 studies, 2504 subjects, and 27 TCM patterns were included. Due to the large variation of TCM pattern among participants, we only analyzed the top four commonly studied TCM patterns: liver qi depression, liver depression and spleen deficiency, dual deficiency of the heart, and spleen and liver depression and qi stagnation. We found that Xiaoyao decoction was the most frequently used herbal formula for the treatment of liver qi depression and liver depression with spleen deficiency, while Chaihu Shugan decoction was often used for liver depression and qi stagnation. Bai Shao (Paeonia lactiflora Pall. and Chai Hu (Bupleurum chinense DC. were commonly used across different TCM patterns regardless of the prescribed Chinese herbal formulas. The rationale underlying herb selection was seldom provided. Due to the limited number of studies on TCM pattern-based treatment of depression and their low methodological quality, we are unable to draw any conclusion regarding which herbal formulas have higher efficacy and which TCM patterns respond better to CHM.

  9. Chinese Herbal Medicine Image Recognition and Retrieval by Convolutional Neural Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xin; Qian, Huinan

    2016-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicine image recognition and retrieval have great potential of practical applications. Several previous studies have focused on the recognition with hand-crafted image features, but there are two limitations in them. Firstly, most of these hand-crafted features are low-level image representation, which is easily affected by noise and background. Secondly, the medicine images are very clean without any backgrounds, which makes it difficult to use in practical applications. Therefore, designing high-level image representation for recognition and retrieval in real world medicine images is facing a great challenge. Inspired by the recent progress of deep learning in computer vision, we realize that deep learning methods may provide robust medicine image representation. In this paper, we propose to use the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for Chinese herbal medicine image recognition and retrieval. For the recognition problem, we use the softmax loss to optimize the recognition network; then for the retrieval problem, we fine-tune the recognition network by adding a triplet loss to search for the most similar medicine images. To evaluate our method, we construct a public database of herbal medicine images with cluttered backgrounds, which has in total 5523 images with 95 popular Chinese medicine categories. Experimental results show that our method can achieve the average recognition precision of 71% and the average retrieval precision of 53% over all the 95 medicine categories, which are quite promising given the fact that the real world images have multiple pieces of occluded herbal and cluttered backgrounds. Besides, our proposed method achieves the state-of-the-art performance by improving previous studies with a large margin.

  10. Chinese Herbal Medicine Image Recognition and Retrieval by Convolutional Neural Network.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Sun

    Full Text Available Chinese herbal medicine image recognition and retrieval have great potential of practical applications. Several previous studies have focused on the recognition with hand-crafted image features, but there are two limitations in them. Firstly, most of these hand-crafted features are low-level image representation, which is easily affected by noise and background. Secondly, the medicine images are very clean without any backgrounds, which makes it difficult to use in practical applications. Therefore, designing high-level image representation for recognition and retrieval in real world medicine images is facing a great challenge. Inspired by the recent progress of deep learning in computer vision, we realize that deep learning methods may provide robust medicine image representation. In this paper, we propose to use the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN for Chinese herbal medicine image recognition and retrieval. For the recognition problem, we use the softmax loss to optimize the recognition network; then for the retrieval problem, we fine-tune the recognition network by adding a triplet loss to search for the most similar medicine images. To evaluate our method, we construct a public database of herbal medicine images with cluttered backgrounds, which has in total 5523 images with 95 popular Chinese medicine categories. Experimental results show that our method can achieve the average recognition precision of 71% and the average retrieval precision of 53% over all the 95 medicine categories, which are quite promising given the fact that the real world images have multiple pieces of occluded herbal and cluttered backgrounds. Besides, our proposed method achieves the state-of-the-art performance by improving previous studies with a large margin.

  11. To Set Up a Logistic Regression Prediction Model for Hepatotoxicity of Chinese Herbal Medicines Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hongjie; Li, Tianhao; Zhan, Sha; Pan, Meilan; Ma, Zhiguo; Li, Chenghua

    2016-01-01

    Aims. To establish a logistic regression (LR) prediction model for hepatotoxicity of Chinese herbal medicines (HMs) based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and to provide a statistical basis for predicting hepatotoxicity of HMs. Methods. The correlations of hepatotoxic and nonhepatotoxic Chinese HMs with four properties, five flavors, and channel tropism were analyzed with chi-square test for two-way unordered categorical data. LR prediction model was established and the accuracy of the prediction by this model was evaluated. Results. The hepatotoxic and nonhepatotoxic Chinese HMs were related with four properties (p flavors (p 0.05). There were totally 12 variables from four properties and five flavors for the LR. Four variables, warm and neutral of the four properties and pungent and salty of five flavors, were selected to establish the LR prediction model, with the cutoff value being 0.204. Conclusions. Warm and neutral of the four properties and pungent and salty of five flavors were the variables to affect the hepatotoxicity. Based on such results, the established LR prediction model had some predictive power for hepatotoxicity of Chinese HMs. PMID:27656240

  12. To Set Up a Logistic Regression Prediction Model for Hepatotoxicity of Chinese Herbal Medicines Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hongjie; Li, Tianhao; Chen, Lingxiu; Zhan, Sha; Pan, Meilan; Ma, Zhiguo; Li, Chenghua; Zhang, Zhe

    2016-01-01

    Aims. To establish a logistic regression (LR) prediction model for hepatotoxicity of Chinese herbal medicines (HMs) based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and to provide a statistical basis for predicting hepatotoxicity of HMs. Methods. The correlations of hepatotoxic and nonhepatotoxic Chinese HMs with four properties, five flavors, and channel tropism were analyzed with chi-square test for two-way unordered categorical data. LR prediction model was established and the accuracy of the prediction by this model was evaluated. Results. The hepatotoxic and nonhepatotoxic Chinese HMs were related with four properties (p 0.05). There were totally 12 variables from four properties and five flavors for the LR. Four variables, warm and neutral of the four properties and pungent and salty of five flavors, were selected to establish the LR prediction model, with the cutoff value being 0.204. Conclusions. Warm and neutral of the four properties and pungent and salty of five flavors were the variables to affect the hepatotoxicity. Based on such results, the established LR prediction model had some predictive power for hepatotoxicity of Chinese HMs.

  13. NINETY-THREE CASES OF GASTROPTOSIS TREATED BY ACUPUNCTURE COMBINED WITH CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Xin-qiang; HAN Bao-ru; HAN Yan-ru

    2006-01-01

    @@ Gastroptosis refers to prolapse of the stomach to an abnormal position manifested clinically by distending pain below the xiphoid process, hypochondriac fullness, chest stuffiness, abdominal distention and straining sensation,which is mainly caused by reduced tensity, lack of fat of the abdominal wall, relaxed muscles and decreased abdominal pressure. The authors have treated 93 cases of gastroptosis by applying acupuncture combined with Chinese herbal medicine and achieved quite satisfactory therapeutic results reported as follows.

  14. New Effective Treatment of Liver Fibrosis by Chinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国梁

    2002-01-01

    @@ Liver fibrosis is an abnormal proliferation pathologic process of intrahepatic fibrous connective tissue that occurs after liver cells have been necrotized and stimulated by inflammatory factors. It is called fibrosis when the pathological change is mild, and liver cirrhosis when the change becomes so severe as to reconstruct the liver lobuli to form pseudolobuli and nodule(1). Liver fibrosis is an important pathological characteristic of chronic hepatopathy and the chief intermediate link to further develop of liver cirrhosis. No ideal remedy for treatment of chronic hepatitic cirrhosis has been found so far. Although some drugs, such as colchicine and penicillamine, had been reported to have the effect of fibrosis inhibition, their clinical application is still limited for the rather severe toxic-side effects. Certain progress have been made from the clinical and experimental studies on anti-fibrosis treatment by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) carried out widely in China in recent ten years. And here is a general review of the drugs used.

  15. Chinese Herbal Medicine in Treatment of Polyhydramnios:a Meta-analysis and Systematic Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fen Zhou; Yu-fang Hao; Yan Chen; Tong Wang

    2013-01-01

    Objective Tocompare the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (therapy A) or Chinese herbal medicine plus indomethacin (therapy B) with that of indomethacin alone (therapy C) in treating polyhydramnios.MethodsLiteratures published up toApril 2012 were retrieved from PubMed, Embase and Cochranelibrary, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific and Technological Periodical Database (VIP), Wangfang, and Traditional Chinese Medicine online.Two researchers collected data independently.The assessment of methodological quality was based on Cochrane handbook and the materials were analyzed with software RevMan 5.1.2. The outcome measure index was relative risk or difference ofmean value (95% confidence interval). The following outcomes were evaluated: (1) general clinical improvement rate; (2) maximum vertical pocket depth; (3) amniotic fluid index (AFI) value; (4) rate of fetalductus arteriosus constriction; (5) incidence of adverse events.ResultsBased on the search strategy, 5 trails involving 1017 patients were finally included. Comparedwith therapy C, therapy A decreased the rate of fetal ductus arteriosus constriction (P<0.01). Therapy B was more effective than therapy C in general clinical improvement and decrease of AFI for polyhydramnios (P<0.01). No serious adverse events were reported in therapy A and therapy B.ConclusionsCompared with therapy C, therapy A and therapy B may appear to be moreeffective for polyhydramnios. However, the exact effectneeds to beconfirmed with well-designedlarge-scale clinical trials.

  16. TREATMENT OF ASTHMA AND FOOD ALLERGY WITH HERBAL INTERVENTIONS FROM TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiu-Min

    2014-01-01

    Prevalence of asthma and allergy has increased over the past 2–3 decades in Westernized countries. Despite increased understanding of the pathogenesis of asthma and allergic diseases, control of severe asthma is still difficult. Asthma is also associated with high prevalence of anxiety in particular adolescents. There is no effective treatment for food allergy. Food allergy is often associated with severe and recalcitrant eczema. Novel approaches for treatment of asthma and food allergy and comorbid conditions are urgently needed. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), used in Asia for centuries, is beginning to play a role in Western health care. There is increasing scientific evidence supporting the use of TCM for asthma treatment. This review article discusses promising TCM interventions for asthma, food allergy and comorbid conditions and explores their possible mechanisms of action. Since 2005, several controlled clinical studies of “anti-asthma” herbal remedies have been published. Among the herbal medicines, anti-asthma herbal medicine intervention (ASHMI) is the only anti-asthma TCM product that is a US FDA investigational new drug (IND) that has entered clinical trials. Research into ASHMI’s effects and mechanisms of actions in animal models is actively being pursued. Research on TCM herbal medicines for treating food allergy is rare. The herbal intervention, Food Allergy Herbal Formula-2 (FAHF-2) is the only US FDA botanical IND under investigation as a multiple food allergy therapy. Published articles and abstracts, as well as new data generated in preclinical and clinical studies of ASHMI and FAHF-2 are the bases for this review. The effect of TCM therapy on food allergy associated recalcitrant eczema, based on case review, is also included. Laboratory and clinical studies demonstrate a beneficial effect of ASHMI treatment on asthma. The possible mechanisms underlying the efficacy are multiple. Preclinical studies demonstrated the efficacy and

  17. Impact of chinese herbal medicine on american society and health care system: perspective and concern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Winston I; Lu, Dominic P

    2014-01-01

    Many Americans, not completely satisfied with traditional western medicine, have turned to alternative and complementary medicine which explains the increasing popularity of the herbal products and the Chinese herbal medicine. The lack of government regulations and the increasing advertisements by the manufactures have created an impression to the common public that the natural herbal remedies are inherently safer and cheaper than conventional medicine. The skyrocketing rise of healthcare cost and the adverse reaction and side effects incurred from the prescribed drugs have both reinforced such an impression. Herbs in the USA and in many European countries have been prepared as capsules, tablets, teas, lozenges, juice extracts, tincture, and ointments. Most of the herbs are administered as a single herb in the USA and Europe. However, the traditional Chinese herbal medicine contains multiple active ingredients from various herbs and is prepared as concoctions by simmering them for hours to produce pharma-therapeutic properties useful for the treatment of a particular disease. Those prepared concoctions are taken gingerly with specific treatment purposes. In the USA and some European counties, herbs are distributed and labeled as dietary supplements and are taken by many individuals for a long period of time creating some medical and dental complex problems among them, especially in terms of anesthesia-surgery complications. This paper provides insight into basic differences in how herbs are prepared before administration to the patients in China versus a single unprepared herb sold in the USA and Europe. Also addressed are the interdisciplinary issues with health professionals, the proper regulations for better quality control of imported herbs, and the proper warning on the labels of the herbs.

  18. Treatment of cholecystitis with Chinese herbal medicines: A systematic review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-Yong Dong; Guan-Liang Wang; Xing Liu; Jia Liu; De-Zeng Zhu; Chang-Quan Ling

    2012-01-01

    AIM:To analyze the literature on the use of Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of cholecystitis.METHODS:The literature on treatment of cholecystitis with traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) was analyzed based on the principles and methods described by evidence-based medicine (EBM).Eight databases including MEDLINE,EMbase,Cochrane Central (CCTR),four Chinese databases (China Biological Medicine Database,Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database,Database of Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals,Database of Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology) and Chinese Clinical Registry Center,were searched.Full text articles or abstracts concerning TCM treatment of cholecystitis were selected,categorized according to study design,the strength of evidence,the first author's hospital type,and analyzed statistically.RESULTS:A search of the literature published from 1977 through 2009 yielded 1468 articles in Chinese and 9 in other languages; and 93.92% of the articles focused on clinical studies.No article was of level I evidence,and 9.26% were of level Ⅱ evidence.The literature cited by Science Citation Index (SCI),MEDLINE and core Chinese medical journals accounted for 0.41%,0.68% and 7.29%,respectively.Typically,the articles featured in case reports of illness,examined from the perspective of EBM,were weak in both quality and evidence level,which inconsistently conflicted with the fact that most of the papers were by authors from Level-3 hospitals,the highest possible level evaluated based on their comprehensive quality and academic authenticity in China.CONCLUSION:The published literature on TCM treatment of cholecystitis is of low quality and based on low evidence,and cognitive medicine may functions as a useful supplementary framework for the evaluation.

  19. Antiplatelet effect of active components derived from Chinese herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ying; Ma, Xiao-Juan; Shi, Da-Zhuo

    2015-10-10

    Atherothrombosis is the major cause of acute coronary syndromes and cardiovascular deaths. Platelets participate in the processes of forming and extending atherosclerotic plaques. Therefore, antiplatelet therapy is a milestone in the primary and second prevention of atherothrombotic diseases. Along with the longterm use of antiplatelet agents, the safety and drug resistance has become a big concern in clinic and new drugs possessing higher effectiveness and fewer adverse effects are needed. Abundant recent data support that traditional Chinese herbs may be a good alternative and complementary choice of new antiplatelet drugs. This review highlights the progress of antiplatelet effect of active components derived from traditional Chinese herbs based on their chemical structures.

  20. Chinese Herbal Medicine in Folk Custom%民俗中的中草药略识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐敏; 李春芳

    2009-01-01

    There are large amount of Chinese herbal medicine used in folk custom of our country. Most of these medicines are related with hygiene and health care. The usage of these medicine included avoiding dirty, preventing diseases, restoring convalescence, health protection, cosmetology, bathing, and daily effective medical prescription. Folk custom has the characteristics of regionality, consistency, and nationality,ete. Some of traditional Chinese medicine originates from folk custom. Therefore, the research of medicine used in folk custom may help to the development of traditional Chinese medicine.%在我国传统民俗中流传有大量中草药,其用途主要包括辟秽防病、康复保健、美容化妆、服饰佩物、洗浴、日常疗病等.民俗为群体性、倾向性的社会行为,并有地域性、传承性、历史性、民族性等特点,同时中草药中的一部分药物也来源于民俗,研究民俗中的药物可有助于研发中药新药.

  1. Study on the mechanism of regulation on peritoneal lymphatic stomata with Chinese herbal medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Ping Ding; Ji-Cheng Li; Jian Xu; Lian-Gen Mao

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To study the mechanism of Chinese herbal medicine(CHM), the prescription consists of Radix SalviaeMiltiorrhizae , Radix Codonopsitis Pilosulae , RhizornaAtractylodis Alba and Rhizoma Alismatis, LeonurusHeterophyllus Sweet, etc ) on the regulation of theperitoneal lymphatic stomata and the ascites drainage.METHODS: The mouse model of live fibrosis wasestablished with the application of intragastric installationsof carbon tetrachloride once every three days; scanningelectron microscope and computer image processing wereused to detect the area and the distributive density of theperitoneal lymphatic stomata; and the concentrations ofurinary ion and NO in the serum were measured analyzed inthe experiment.RESULTS: Two different doses of CHM could significantlyincrease the area of the peritoneal lymphatic stomata,promote its distribution density and enhance the arainage ofurinary ion such as sodium, potassium and chlorine.Meanwhile, the NO concentration of two different doses ofCHM groups was 133.52 ± 23.57μmol/L, and 137.2 ±26.79μnol/L respectively. In comparison with the controland model groups ( 48.36 ± 6.83μmol/L, and 35.22 ±8.94μmol/L, P < 0.01 ), there existed significantly markeddifference, this made it clear that Chinese herbal medicinecould induce high endogenous NO concentration. The effectof Chinese herbal medicine on the peritoneal lymphaticstomata and the drainage of urinary ion was altered byadding NO donor (sodium nitropurruside, SNP) or NOsynthase (NOS) inhibitor (N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine, L-NMMA) to the peritoneal cavity.CONCLUSION: There existed correlations between high NOconcentration and enlargement of the peritoneal lymphaticstomata, which result in enhanced drainage of ascites.These data supported the hypothesis that Chinese herbalmedicine could regulate the peritoneal lymphatic stomata byaccelerating the synthesis and release of endogenous NO.

  2. Assessment on Application of Chinese Herbal Medicine in the Process of Corticosterone Reduction in Nephrotic Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in the process of corticosterone (CS) reduction in nephrotic syndrome. Methods: One hundred and twenty patients of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome sensitive to prednisone treatment were divided into two groups randomly. The dosage of prednisone used was conventionally reduced in both groups but CHM herbal treatment was added to the treated group in the period of prednisone reduction. The effect of CHM was estimated by observing the recurrence rate of disease and side-effects of prednisone. Results: The recurrence rate of disease and the occurrence rate of side-effects of prednisone in the treated group were less than those in the control group significantly (P<0.01). Conclusion: Additional CHM in the process of CS reduction in treating CS sensitive nephrotic syndrome could markedly abate the recurrence rate of disease and the side-effect of CS reduction.

  3. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine on plasma glucose, protein and energy metabolism in sheep

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xi Liang; Kyota Yamazaki; Mohammad Kamruzzaman; Xue Bi; Arvinda Panthee; Hiroaki Sano

    2014-01-01

    Background:The use of antibiotics in animal diets is facing negative feedback due to the hidden danger of drug residues to human health. Traditional Chinese herbal medicine has been used to replace antibiotics in the past two decades and played an increasingly important role in livestock production. The present study was carried out to assess the feeding effects of a traditional nourishing Chinese herbal medicine mixture on kinetics of plasma glucose, protein and energy metabolism in sheep. Ruminal fermentation characteristics were also determined. Methods:Four sheep were fed on either mixed hay (MH-diet) or MH-diet supplemented with 2%of Chinese herbal medicine (mixture of Astragalus root, Angelica root and Atractylodes rhizome;CHM-diet) over two 35-day periods using a crossover design. The turnover rate of plasma glucose was measured with an isotope dilution method using [U-13C]glucose. The rates of plasma leucine turnover and leucine oxidation, whole body protein synthesis (WBPS) and metabolic heat production were measured using the [1-13C]leucine dilution and open circuit calorimetry. Results:Body weight gain of sheep was higher (P=0.03) for CHM-diet than for MH-diet. Rumen pH was lower (P=0.02), concentration of rumen total volatile fatty acid tended to be higher (P=0.05) and acetate was higher (P=0.04) for CHM-diet than for MH-diet. Turnover rates of plasma glucose and leucine did not differ between diets. Oxidation rate of leucine tended to be higher (P=0.06) for CHM-diet than for MH-diet, but the WBPS did not differ between diets. Metabolic heat production tended to be greater (P=0.05) for CHM-diet than for MH-diet. Conclusions:The sheep fed on CHM-diet had a higher body weight gain and showed positive impacts on rumen fermentation and energy metabolism without resulting in any adverse response. Therefore, these results suggested that the Chinese herbal medicine mixture should be considered as a potential feed additive for sheep.

  4. Identifying Core Herbal Treatments for Children with Asthma: Implication from a Chinese Herbal Medicine Database in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsing-Yu Chen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Asthma is one of the most common allergic respiratory diseases around the world and places great burden on medical payment. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM is commonly used for Taiwanese children to control diseases. The aim of this study is to analyze the CHM prescriptions for asthmatic children by using a nationwide clinical database. The National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD was used to perform this study. Medical records from 1997 to 2009 with diagnosis with asthma made for children aged 6 to 18 were included into the analysis. Association rule mining and social network analysis were used to analyze the prevalence of single CHM and its combinations. Ma-Xing-Gan-Shi-Tang (MXGST was the most commonly used herbal formula (HF (20.2% of all prescriptions, followed by Xiao-Qing-Long-Tang (13.1% and Xing-Su-San (12.8%. Zhe Bei Mu is the most frequently used single herb (SH (14.6%, followed by Xing Ren (10.7%. MXGST was commonly used with Zhe Bei Mu (3.5% and other single herbs capable of dispelling phlegm. Besides, MXGST was the core formula to relieve asthma. Further studies about efficacy and drug safety are needed for the CHM commonly used for asthma based on the result of this study.

  5. Prescriptions of Chinese Herbal Medicines for Insomnia in Taiwan during 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang-Pey Chen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Chinese herbal medicine (CHM has been commonly used for treating insomnia in Asian countries for centuries. The aim of this study was to conduct a large-scale pharmaco-epidemiologic study and evaluate the frequency and patterns of CHM use in treating insomnia. We obtained the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM outpatient claims from the National Health Insurance in Taiwan for the year 2002. Patients with insomnia were identified from the diagnostic code of International Classification of Disease among claimed visiting files. Corresponding prescription files were analyzed, and an association rule was applied to evaluate the co-prescription of CHM. Results showed that there were 16 134 subjects who visited TCM clinics for insomnia in Taiwan during 2002 and received a total of 29 801 CHM prescriptions. Subjects between 40 and 49 years of age comprised the largest number of those treated (25.3%. In addition, female subjects used CHMs for insomnia more frequently than male subjects (female : male = 1.94 : 1. There was an average of 4.8 items prescribed in the form of either an individual Chinese herb or formula in a single CHM prescription for insomnia. Shou-wu-teng (Polygonum multiflorum was the most commonly prescribed single Chinese herb, while Suan-zao-ren-tang was the most commonly prescribed Chinese herbal formula. According to the association rule, the most commonly prescribed CHM drug combination was Suan-zao-ren-tang plus Long-dan-xie-gan-tang, while the most commonly prescribed triple drug combination was Suan-zao-ren-tang, Albizia julibrissin, and P. multiflorum. Nevertheless, further clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these CHMs for treating insomnia.

  6. Prescriptions of Chinese Herbal Medicines for Insomnia in Taiwan during 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Fang-Pey; Jong, Maw-Shiou; Chen, Yu-Chun; Kung, Yen-Ying; Chen, Tzeng-Ji; Chen, Fun-Jou; Hwang, Shinn-Jang

    2011-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been commonly used for treating insomnia in Asian countries for centuries. The aim of this study was to conduct a large-scale pharmaco-epidemiologic study and evaluate the frequency and patterns of CHM use in treating insomnia. We obtained the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) outpatient claims from the National Health Insurance in Taiwan for the year 2002. Patients with insomnia were identified from the diagnostic code of International Classification of Disease among claimed visiting files. Corresponding prescription files were analyzed, and an association rule was applied to evaluate the co-prescription of CHM. Results showed that there were 16 134 subjects who visited TCM clinics for insomnia in Taiwan during 2002 and received a total of 29 801 CHM prescriptions. Subjects between 40 and 49 years of age comprised the largest number of those treated (25.3%). In addition, female subjects used CHMs for insomnia more frequently than male subjects (female : male = 1.94 : 1). There was an average of 4.8 items prescribed in the form of either an individual Chinese herb or formula in a single CHM prescription for insomnia. Shou-wu-teng (Polygonum multiflorum) was the most commonly prescribed single Chinese herb, while Suan-zao-ren-tang was the most commonly prescribed Chinese herbal formula. According to the association rule, the most commonly prescribed CHM drug combination was Suan-zao-ren-tang plus Long-dan-xie-gan-tang, while the most commonly prescribed triple drug combination was Suan-zao-ren-tang, Albizia julibrissin, and P. multiflorum. Nevertheless, further clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these CHMs for treating insomnia.

  7. Theories and Practice in Prevention and Treatment Principles in Relation to Chinese Herbal Medicine and Bone Loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong Xu 徐红; David LAWSON

    2004-01-01

    Osteoporosis is a world wide problem that is increasing in significance as the global population both increases and ages. While osteoporosis has been extensively studied in recent years, the utilization of Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine for the prevention and treatment of this condition have seldom been examined in the Western world. This paper reviews the theories and the literature that relate to prevention and treatment of bone loss at the time of menopause according to the principles of Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine. Practical developments in these areas are also illustrated in this paper based on the authors' research findings in recent studies.

  8. Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Combined with Acitretin Capsule in Treating Psoriasis of Blood-Heat Syndrome Type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立新; 白彦萍; 宋佩华; 尤立平; 杨顶权

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of Chinese herbal medicine combined with acitretin capsule in treating psoriasis of blood-heat syndrome(P-BH).Methods:Eighty patients of P-BH were randomly assigned to two groups,39 in Group A and 41 in Group B.Both was treated with Chinese herbal medicines for clearing heat,cooling blood and removing toxic substance,and acitretin capsule was given to Group A additionally,with 8 weeks as one therapeutic course.The clinical curative effect was compared bet...

  9. New Perspectives on Chinese Herbal Medicine (Zhong-Yao Research and Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Si-Yuan Pan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Synthetic chemical drugs, while being efficacious in the clinical management of many diseases, are often associated with undesirable side effects in patients. It is now clear that the need of therapeutic intervention in many clinical conditions cannot be satisfactorily met by synthetic chemical drugs. Since the research and development of new chemical drugs remain time-consuming, capital-intensive and risky, much effort has been put in the search for alternative routes for drug discovery in China. This narrative review illustrates various approaches to the research and drug discovery in Chinese herbal medicine. Although this article focuses on Chinese traditional drugs, it is also conducive to the development of other traditional remedies and innovative drug discovery.

  10. Arsenic speciation in Chinese Herbal Medicines and human health implication for inorganic arsenic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao-Juan; Zhao, Quan-Li; Sun, Guo-Xin; Williams, Paul; Lu, Xiu-Jun; Cai, Jing-Zhu; Liu, Wen-Ju

    2013-01-01

    Rice and drinking water are recognized as the dominant sources of arsenic (As) for human intake, while little is known about As accumulation and speciation in Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHMs), which have been available for many hundreds of years for the treatment of diseases in both eastern and western cultures. Inorganic arsenic was the predominant species in all of CHMs samples. The levels of inorganic arsenic in CHMs from fields and markets or pharmacies ranged from 63 to 550 ng/g with a mean of 208 ng/g and 94 to 8683 ng/g with a mean of 1092 ng/g, respectively. The highest concentration was found in the Chrysanthemum from pharmacies. It indicates that the risk of inorganic As in CHMs to human health is higher in medicines from markets or pharmacies than that collected directly from fields. Some CHMs may make a considerable contribution to the human intake of inorganic arsenic.

  11. Chinese herbal medicine for insomnia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeung, Wing-Fai; Chung, Ka-Fai; Poon, Maggie Man-Ki; Ho, Fiona Yan-Yee; Zhang, Shi-Ping; Zhang, Zhang-Jin; Ziea, Eric Tat-Chi; Wong, Vivian Taam

    2012-12-01

    Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), either in single herb or in herbal formula, has been used to treat insomnia for more than 2000 years. A systematic review including Chinese and English literature of randomized controlled trials was conducted to examine the efficacy, safety, and composition of CHM for insomnia. Among the 217 studies we have reviewed, only eight had a Jadad score ≥3, and seven out of these eight studies had at least one domain with high risks of bias. Meta-analyses of the studies with Jadad score ≥3 found that CHM was similar to Western medication (three studies) and placebo (three studies) in treating insomnia. Due to the poor methodological quality of the studies and the small number of trials included in meta-analyses, the current evidence is insufficient to support the efficacy of CHM for insomnia. The frequency of adverse events associated with CHM was similar to that of placebo, but lower than with Western medication. Gui Pi Tang was the most commonly used standardized formula, while Suan Zao Ren (Ziziphus jujuba) was the most frequently used single herb. Further studies with a double-blind placebo-controlled design are needed to accurately determine the benefits and risks of CHM for insomnia.

  12. Angiogenesis in Ischemic Stroke and Angiogenic Effects of Chinese Herbal Medicine

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    Sai-Wang Seto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Stroke is one of the major causes of death and adult disability worldwide. The underlying pathophysiology of stroke is highly complicated, consisting of impairments of multiple signalling pathways, and numerous pathological processes such as acidosis, glutamate excitotoxicity, calcium overload, cerebral inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS generation. The current treatment for ischemic stroke is limited to thromolytics such as recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA. tPA has a very narrow therapeutic window, making it suitable to only a minority of stroke patients. Hence, there is great urgency to develop new therapies that can protect brain tissue from ischemic damage. Recent studies have shown that new vessel formation after stroke not only replenishes blood flow to the ischemic area of the brain, but also promotes neurogenesis and improves neurological functions in both animal models and patients. Therefore, drugs that can promote angiogenesis after ischemic stroke can provide therapeutic benefits in stroke management. In this regard, Chinese herbal medicine (CHM has a long history in treating stroke and the associated diseases. A number of studies have demonstrated the pro-angiogenic effects of various Chinese herbs and herbal formulations in both in vitro and in vivo settings. In this article, we present a comprehensive review of the current knowledge on angiogenesis in the context of ischemic stroke and discuss the potential use of CHM in stroke management through modulation of angiogenesis.

  13. Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Jinlida Granule in Treatment of Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Ya-Lin; Liu, Wen-Juan; Zhang, Xiao-Fang; Su, Wei-Juan; Chen, Ning-Ning; Lu, Shu-Hua; Wang, Li-Ying; Shi, Xiu-Lin; Li, Zhi-Bin; Yang, Shu-Yu

    2016-01-01

    Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) remains a major health problem worldwide. Several clinical trials have shown the superiority of the Traditional Chinese Medicine in delaying or reversing the development and progression of DM. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Jinlida (JLD) granule, a Chinese herbal recipe, in the treatment of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and its effect on the prevention of DM. Methods: Sixty-five IGT patients were randomized to receive one bag of JLD granules three times daily (JLD group, n = 34) or no drug intervention (control group, n = 31) for 12 weeks. Oral glucose tolerance test, glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), body mass index, blood lipids levels, fasting insulin, and insulin resistance calculated using homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) of all the patients were observed and compared before and after the treatment. Results: Sixty-one participants completed the trial (32 in JLD group and 29 in the control group). There were statistically significant decreases in HbA1c (P < 0.001), 2-h plasma glucose (P < 0.001), and HOMA-IR (P = 0.029) in JLD group compared with the control group after 12 weeks of treatment. After 12 weeks of treatment, two (6.9%) patients returned to normal blood glucose, and five (17.2%) patients turned into DM in control group, while in the JLD group, 14 (43.8%) returned to normal blood glucose and 2 (6.2%) turned into DM. There was a significant difference in the number of subjects who had normal glucose at the end of the study between two groups (P = 0.001). Conclusions: JLD granule effectively improved glucose control, increased the conversion of IGT to normal glucose, and improved the insulin resistance in patients with IGT. This Chinese herbal medicine may have a clinical value for IGT. PMID:27647185

  14. Clinical study on treatment of rectal carcinoma with Chinese herbal medicine and high dose fluorouracil emulsion via rectal infusion.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晨光

    1999-01-01

    Objective: To study the clinical significance of rectal infusion of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) plus high dose fluorouracil emulsion in treating rectal carcinoma. Methods: 86 patients of rectal carcinoma were randomly divided into CHM plus chemotherapy group and single chemotherapy group, and the

  15. Is the yin-yang nature of Chinese herbal medicine equivalent to antioxidation-oxidation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szeto, Yim-Tong; Benzie, Iris F F

    2006-12-06

    It has been suggested that yin-yang theory described in traditional Chinese medicine is somewhat equivalent to the modern theory of antioxidant-oxidant balance. Some yin-tonic Chinese herbal medicines possess antioxidant properties. In this context, the DNA protective effect of 12 yin-tonic and 13 yang-tonic herbs were tested using the single cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay. Lymphocytes from three healthy subjects were pre-incubated with aqueous herb extract, and the comet assay was performed on treated, untreated, challenged and unchallenged cells in parallel, oxidant challenge being induced by 5 min exposure to hydrogen peroxide. Results using this ex vivo cellular assay showed protection by some herbs. Seven out of 12 yin-tonic Chinese herbs demonstrated decreased DNA damage after treatment while 10 out of 13 yang-tonic herbs showed protection. Among 25 herbs tested, rhizome of Ligusticum sinensis Oliv. and aerial part of Artemisia annua L. demonstrated greatest DNA protective effect. Results indicated that the yin nature of herbs may not be necessarily associated with superior antioxidative effect to yang-tonic herbs, at least in terms of DNA protection against oxidant challenge.

  16. Application of Spontaneous Photon Emission in the Growth Ages and Varieties Screening of Fresh Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiaolei; Fu, Jialei; Van Wijk, Eduard; Liu, Yanli; Fan, Hua; Zhang, Yufeng

    2017-01-01

    Ultraweak photon emission emitted by all living organisms has been confirmed to be a noninvasive indicator for their physiological and pathological characteristics. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of spontaneous photon emission (SPE) and the contents of specific active compounds of roots and flowers buds of several fresh Chinese herbal medicines (natural medicines) with different growth ages and varieties. The results revealed that the contents of specific active compounds from same species herbs with different growth ages and varieties were significantly different, and this difference could be reflected by their SPE. Because the contents of specific bioactive constituents in Chinese herbs are closely related to their quality and curative effect, the SPE measurement technique may contribute to the quality control of Chinese herbal medicine in the future.

  17. Ethical Considerations for Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine Clinical Trials: A Cross-Cultural Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Zaslawski

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Many ethical concerns revolve around the four basic principles of research: merit and integrity, respect for human beings, weighting of risk–benefit and justice. These principles form the basis for any discussion concerning human research ethics and are applicable to all areas of research including acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine. World Health Organisation document, Guidelines for Clinical Research on Acupuncture, states that ‘consideration should be given to the different value systems that are involved in human rights such as social, cultural and historical issues’ and that ‘further studies should be conducted in relation to ethical issues involved in clinical research on acupuncture’. In addition to outlining the four basic principles, this paper will also examine the effect of Asian culture on Western human research ethics and how this may impact upon issues such as informed consent and weighting of risk–benefit.

  18. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM and Herbal Hepatotoxicity: RUCAM and the Role of Novel Diagnostic Biomarkers Such as MicroRNAs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Teschke

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM with its focus on herbal use is popular and appreciated worldwide with increased tendency, although its therapeutic efficacy is poorly established for most herbal TCM products. Treatment was perceived as fairly safe but discussions emerged more recently as to whether herb induced liver injury (HILI from herbal TCM is a major issue; Methods: To analyze clinical and case characteristics of HILI caused by herbal TCM, we undertook a selective literature search in the PubMed database with the search items Traditional Chinese Medicine, TCM, alone and combined with the terms herbal hepatotoxicity or herb induced liver injury; Results: HILI caused by herbal TCM is rare and similarly to drugs can be caused by an unpredictable idiosyncratic or a predictable intrinsic reaction. Clinical features of liver injury from herbal TCM products are variable, and specific diagnostic biomarkers such as microsomal epoxide hydrolase, pyrrole-protein adducts, metabolomics, and microRNAs are available for only a few TCM herbs. The diagnosis is ascertained if alternative causes are validly excluded and causality levels of probable or highly probable are achieved applying the liver specific RUCAM (Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method as the most commonly used diagnostic tool worldwide. Case evaluation may be confounded by inappropriate or lacking causality assessment, poor herbal product quality, insufficiently documented cases, and failing to exclude alternative causes such as infections by hepatotropic viruses including hepatitis E virus infections; Conclusion: Suspected cases of liver injury from herbal TCM represent major challenges that deserve special clinical and regulatory attention to improve the quality of case evaluations and ascertain patients’ safety and benefit.

  19. Study on the mechanism of regulation on peritoneal lymphatic stomata with Chinese herbal medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Shi-Ping; Li, Ji-Cheng; Xu, Jian; Mao, Lian-Gen

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To study the mechanism of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM, the prescription consists of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Radix Codonopsitis Pilosulae, Rhizoma Atractylodis Alba and Rhizoma Alismatis, Leonurus Heterophyllus Sweet, etc) on the regulation of the peritoneal lymphatic stomata and the ascites drainage. METHODS: The mouse model of live fibrosis was established with the application of intragastric installations of carbon tetrachloride once every three days; scanning electron microscope and computer image processing were used to detect the area and the distributive density of the peritoneal lymphatic stomata; and the concentrations of urinary ion and NO in the serum were analyzed in the experiment. RESULTS: Two different doses of CHM could significantly increase the area of the peritoneal lymphatic stomata, promote its distributive density and enhance the drainage of urinary ion such as sodium, potassium and chlorine. Meanwhile, the NO concentration of two different doses of CHM groups was 133.52 ± 23.57 μmol/L, and 137.2 ± 26.79 μmol/L respectively. In comparison with the control group and model groups (48.36 ± 6.83 μmol/L, and 35.22 ± 8.94 μmol/L, P lymphatic stomata and the drainage of urinary ion was altered by adding NO donor(sodium nitropurruside, SNP) or NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor (N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine, L-NMMA) to the peritoneal cavity. CONCLUSION: There existed correlations between high NO concentration and enlargement of the peritoneal lymphatic stomata, which result in enhanced drainage of ascites. These data supported the hypothesis that Chinese herbal medicine could regulate the peritoneal lymphatic stomata by accelerating the synthesis and release of endogenous NO. PMID:11833101

  20. Rapid Detection of Pesticide Residues in Chinese Herbal Medicines by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Coupled with Partial Least Squares Regression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tianming Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a simple, rapid, and effective method for simultaneous detection of cartap (Ca, thiocyclam (Th, and tebufenozide (Te in Chinese herbal medicines including Radix Angelicae Dahuricae and Liquorices using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR coupled with partial least squares regression (PLSR. The proposed method can handle the intrinsic interferences of herbal samples; satisfactory average recoveries attained from near-infrared (NIR and mid-infrared (MIR PLSR models were 99.0±10.8 and 100.2±1.0% for Ca, 100.2±6.9 and 99.7±2.5% for Th, and 99.1±6.3 and 99.6±1.0% for Te, respectively. Furthermore, some statistical parameters and figures of merit are fully investigated to evaluate the performance of the two models. It was found that both models could give accurate results and only the performance of MIR-PLSR was slightly better than that of NIR-PLSR in the cases suffering from herbal matrix interferences. In conclusion, FT-IR spectroscopy in combination with PLSR has been demonstrated for its application in rapid screening and quantitative analysis of multipesticide residues in Chinese herbal medicines without physical or chemical separation pretreatment step and any spectral processing, which also implies other potential applications such as food and drug safety, herbal plants quality, and environmental evaluation, due to its advantages of nontoxic and nondestructive analysis.

  1. A review of potential harmful interactions between anticoagulant/antiplatelet agents and Chinese herbal medicines.

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    Hsin-Hui Tsai

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The risks attributed to drug-herb interactions, even when known, are often ignored or underestimated, especially for those involving anti-clotting drugs and Chinese medicines. The aim of this study was to structurally search and evaluate the existing evidence-based data associated with potential drug interactions between anticoagulant/antiplatelet drugs and Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs and evaluate the documented mechanisms, consequences, and/or severity of interactions. METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS: Information related to anticoagulant/antiplatelet drug-CHM interactions was retrieved from eight interaction-based textbooks, four web resources and available primary biomedical literature. The primary literature searches were conducted in English and/or Chinese from January 2000 through December 2011 using the secondary databases (e.g., PubMed, Airiti Library, China Journal full-text database. The search terms included the corresponding medical subject headings and key words. Herbs or natural products not used as a single entity CHM or in Chinese Medicinal Prescriptions were excluded from further review. The corresponding mechanisms and severity ratings of interactions were retrieved using MicroMedex®, Lexicomp® and Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database®. Finally, we found 90 single entity CHMs contributed to 306 documented drug-CHM interactions. A total of 194 (63.4% interactions were verified for its evidence describing possible mechanisms and severity. Of them, 155 interactions (79.9% were attributable to pharmacodynamic interactions, and almost all were rated as moderate to severe interactions. The major consequences of these interactions were increased bleeding risks due to the additive anticoagulant or antiplatelet effects of the CHMs, specifically danshen, dong quai, ginger, ginkgo, licorice, and turmeric. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Conventional anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs were documented to have harmful interactions

  2. Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Jinlida Granule in Treatment of Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya-Lin Shi; Wen-Juan Liu; Xiao-Fang Zhang; Wei-Juan Su; Ning-Ning Chen; Shu-Hua Lu; Li-Ying Wang

    2016-01-01

    Background:Diabetes mellitus (DM) remains a major health problem worldwide.Several clinical trials have shown the superiority of the Traditional Chinese Medicine in delaying or reversing the development and progression of DM.This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Jinlida (JLD) granule,a Chinese herbal recipe,in the treatment of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and its effect on the prevention of DM.Methods:Sixty-five IGT patients were randomized to receive one bag of JLD granules three times daily (JLD group,n =34) or no drug intervention (control group,n =31) for 12 weeks.Oral glucose tolerance test,glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c),body mass index,blood lipids levels,fasting insulin,and insulin resistance calculated using homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) of all the patients were observed and compared before and after the treatment.Results:Sixty-one participants completed the trial (32 in JLD group and 29 in the control group).There were statistically significant decreases in HbA1c (P < 0.001),2-h plasma glucose (P < 0.001),and HOMA-IR (P =0.029) in JLD group compared with the control group after 12 weeks of treatment.After 12 weeks of treatment,two (6.9%) patients returned to normal blood glucose,and five (17.2%) patients turned into DM in control group,while in the JLD group,14 (43.8%) returned to normal blood glucose and 2 (6.2%) turned into DM.There was a significant difference in the number of subjects who had normal glucose at the end of the study between two groups (P =0.001).Conclusions:JLD granule effectively improved glucose control,increased the conversion of IGT to normal glucose,and improved the insulin resistance in patients with IGT.This Chinese herbal medicine may have a clinical value for IGT.

  3. Oral Chinese Herbal Medicine for Treatment of Dilated Cardiomyopathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Shuo Zhu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM is one of the main causes of heart failure and could increase death, hospitalization, and rehospitalization rate. The effect of conventional medicine treatment (CMT is limited; meanwhile, the combination of CMT and Oral Chinese Herbal Medicine (OCHM represents exciting adjunctive therapies. In this study, we ascertained the therapeutic effect of OCHM in combination with CMT for dilated cardiomyopathy by using meta-analysis methods for controlled clinical trials. We searched studies from five databases and extracted data from these studies. We also assessed the methodological quality of the included studies. We evaluated the following outcome measures to estimate the prognosis in patients with DCM: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD, stroke volume (SV, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP, 6-minute walk test (6MWT, and overall efficacy. The result showed that OCHM combined with CMT for the improvement of therapeutic effect in DCM patients. However, the evidence remains weak due to the small sample size, high clinical heterogeneity, and poor methodological quality of the included trials. Further, large sample size and well-designed trials are needed.

  4. New Potential Pharmacological Functions of Chinese Herbal Medicines via Regulation of Autophagy

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    Betty Yuen Kwan Law

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Autophagy is a universal catabolic cellular process for quality control of cytoplasm and maintenance of cellular homeostasis upon nutrient deprivation and environmental stimulus. It involves the lysosomal degradation of cellular components such as misfolded proteins or damaged organelles. Defects in autophagy are implicated in the pathogenesis of diseases including cancers, myopathy, neurodegenerations, infections and cardiovascular diseases. In the recent decade, traditional drugs with new clinical applications are not only commonly found in Western medicines, but also highlighted in Chinese herbal medicines (CHM. For instance, pharmacological studies have revealed that active components or fractions from Chaihu (Radix bupleuri, Hu Zhang (Rhizoma polygoni cuspidati, Donglingcao (Rabdosia rubesens, Hou po (Cortex magnoliae officinalis and Chuan xiong (Rhizoma chuanxiong modulate cancers, neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease via autophagy. These findings shed light on the potential new applications and formulation of CHM decoctions via regulation of autophagy. This article reviews the roles of autophagy in the pharmacological actions of CHM and discusses their new potential clinical applications in various human diseases.

  5. Chinese Herbal Medicine for Symptom Management in Cancer Palliative Care: Systematic Review And Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Vincent C H; Wu, Xinyin; Lu, Ping; Hui, Edwin P; Zhang, Yan; Zhang, Anthony L; Lau, Alexander Y L; Zhao, Junkai; Fan, Min; Ziea, Eric T C; Ng, Bacon F L; Wong, Samuel Y S; Wu, Justin C Y

    2016-02-01

    Use of Chinese herbal medicines (CHM) in symptom management for cancer palliative care is very common in Chinese populations but clinical evidence on their effectiveness is yet to be synthesized. To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis to summarize results from CHM randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on symptoms that are undertreated in conventional cancer palliative care.Five international and 3 Chinese databases were searched. RCTs evaluating CHM, either in combination with conventional treatments or used alone, in managing cancer-related symptoms were considered eligible. Effectiveness was quantified by using weighted mean difference (WMD) using random effect model meta-analysis. Fourteen RCTs were included. Compared with conventional intervention alone, meta-analysis showed that combined CHM and conventional treatment significantly reduced pain (3 studies, pooled WMD: -0.90, 95% CI: -1.69 to -0.11). Six trials comparing CHM with conventional medications demonstrated similar effect in reducing constipation. One RCT showed significant positive effect of CHM plus chemotherapy for managing fatigue, but not in the remaining 3 RCTs. The additional use of CHM to chemotherapy does not improve anorexia when compared to chemotherapy alone, but the result was concluded from 2 small trials only. Adverse events were infrequent and mild. CHM may be considered as an add-on to conventional care in the management of pain in cancer patients. CHM could also be considered as an alternative to conventional care for reducing constipation. Evidence on the use of CHM for treating anorexia and fatigue in cancer patients is uncertain, warranting further research.

  6. Immunological regulation of Chinese herbal medicine%中药免疫调节作用的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洪第; 卢芳汀; 陶艳艳; M.Eric Gershwin; 廉哲雄

    2011-01-01

    研究表明中药具有免疫促进和免疫抑制的双向免疫调节作用,本文就中药免疫调节作用的相关研究进行总结,从中药对免疫细胞、细胞因子、免疫器官发育的促进作用及其抗肿瘤的功效,到中药在炎症反应、超敏反应、自身免疫性疾病以及移植排斥反应中所起的免疫抑制作用进行论述,并对中药在免疫调节中的应用前景进行了展望.%Previous studies show that Chinese herbal medicine has dual roles in immunological regulation which include immunological promotion and suppression.This review summarizes both the promotive action of Chinese herbal medicine on immune cells, cytokines,development of immunological organs, and anti-cancer therapy, as well as its suppressive action on inflammation, hypersensitivity,autoimmune diseases, and graft rejection.Lastly, an overview of the future prospects of Chinese herbal medicine in immunological regulation is provided.

  7. Clinical Observation on Treatment of Acute Eczema by Wet Compress with Chinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高峰

    2002-01-01

    @@ From April 1999 to Febuary 2001, a compara-tive observation on treatment of acute eczema bylocal wet compress with Chinese herbal medicineand local application of 3 % boric acid solution wascarried out in the author's hospital, and the resultwas reported as follows.

  8. [Application prospect and expectation of fungistatic agents of plants in preservation of Chinese herbal medicines].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan-jun; Kong, Wei-jun; Hu, Yi-chen; Zhao, Lian-hua; Yang, Shi-hai; Yang, Mei-hua

    2015-10-01

    During the process of growth, harvesting, transportation, processing and storage, Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) can be easily contaminated by fungi and their metabolites like mycotoxins, which not only express negative effects on the quality and safety of CHMs and their processed products, but also pose great threats to human health. Now, some chemical synthetic fungicides have been frequently used to control the growth of fungi and accumulation of mycotoxins in the preservation of CHMs. However, the concentration and type of chemical fungicides allowed for postharvest application are restricted due to the disadvantages of their high residual toxicity, long degradation period and pollution to the environment and so on. Therefore, it is critical to research and develop some highly effective, safe and non-toxic, natural, environment-friendly fungistatic agents from plants to prevent CHMs from being contaminated by fungi and mycotoxins. The paper reviews mycotoxins and their harmfulness, the effective compounds of fungistatic plants as well as the antifungal mechanism to provide scientific evidences for developing novel and effective fungistatic agents plants. Then, the application prospect of fungistatic agents from plants in the preservation of CHMs was discussed.

  9. Comprehensive Evaluation of Powdered Chinese Herbal Medicines-An Exemplification of Isatidis Radix

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Han; Ming-quan Wu; Zhi-rui Yang; Ding-kun Zhang; Yi Mao; Jin Han; Yin-qiu Huang; Yong-feng Zhou; Yan-ling Zhao; Jia-bo Wang; Xiao-he Xiao

    2016-01-01

    Objective Currently, powdered Chinese herbal medicines(CHMs) were mainly evaluated through physical property, chemical dissolution, and bioactivity independently. It could not reflect the quality comprehensively. This paper was to explore and establish a comprehensive evaluation method for powdered CHMs. Methods Isatidis Radix was chosen as an exemple. Firstly, powdered Isatidis Radix in different particle size was prepared. Then, their physical properties were characterized. The dissolution of index component epigoitrin was determined, and their antiviral activities were evaluated by neuraminidase-based bioassay. Results As the particle size decreased, powder distribution tended to be uniform, and the dissolution of epigoitrin increased, antiviral activity enhanced. According to cluster analysis of above results, the sequence of evaluation consequence was ultrafine powder S2(D90: 32.80 ± 0.29) > ultrafine powder S1(D90: 52.08 ± 0.53) > fine powder S0(D90: 118.16 ± 0.76)(from the superior to the inferior). Conclusion Overall, the comprehensive evaluation for powdered CHMs based on the physical characterization, chemical dissolution, and bioassay could not only be used to evaluate powdered herbs, but also guide the screening and optimization of the particle size of powder.

  10. Chinese Herbal Medicine Paratherapy for Parkinson's Disease: A Meta-Analysis of 19 Randomized Controlled Trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Wang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Parkinson's disease (PD is a common and debilitating neurodegenerative disorder that needs long-term levodopa administration and can result in progressive deterioration of body functions, daily activities and participation. The objective of this meta-analysis evaluates the clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM as an adjunct therapy for PD patients. Methodological issues include a systematic literature search between 1950 and April 2011 to identify randomized trials involving CHM adjuvant therapy versus western conventional treatment. The outcome measures assessed were the reduction in scores of Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS and adverse effects. 19 trials involving 1371 participants were included in the meta-analysis. As compared to western conventional treatment, CHM adjuvant therapy resulted in greater improvement in UPDRS I, II, III, IV scores, and UPDRS I–IV total scores (P<0.001. Adverse effects were reported in 9 studies. The side effects in CHM adjuvant therapy group were generally less than or lighter than the conventional treatment group. In conclusion, CHM adjuvant therapy may potentially alleviate symptoms of PD and generally appeared to be safe and well tolerated by PD patients. However, well-designed, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials are still needed due to the generally low methodological quality of the included studies.

  11. 6-month evaluation of JinHuang Chinese herbal medicine study in asymptomatic HIV infected Thais.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maek-a-nantawat, Wirach; Pitisuttithum, Punnee; Bussaratid, Valai; Chamnachanan, Supat; Naksrisook, Supa; Peonim, Wantanee; Thantamnu, Narumon; Muanaum, Rungrapat; Ngamdee, Vatcharachai

    2003-06-01

    Good results of in vitro study of anti-HIV effects of JinHuang, a Chinese herbal medicine led to in vivo study of safety and efficacy among asymptomatic HIV infected individuals. It was a prospective open study of 21 asymptomatic HIV infected Thai volunteers. Twelve and 9 were female and male, respectively, with mean age of 29.24 +/- 3.94 years. JinHuang preparation, 6 capsules and 2 bottles of liquid formula orally three times a day, was given on an outpatient basis initially for 6 months. Regular close monitoring and follow-up were done. The side effects reported included : increased bowel movements (81%), vague taste, and smell of drug after initiation (52%). No serious adverse event related to JinHuang was detected during study. No significant changes in terms of log viral load and CD4 count were observed after 6-months' duration. Most of the patients felt that the quality of life was better in terms of better appetite, good sleep and healthy during study participation, however, these were subjective.

  12. The Ethics of Traditional Chinese and Western Herbal Medicine Research: Views of Researchers and Human Ethics Committees in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline A. Smith

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the growth of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM and western herbal medicine (WHM research in Australia, little is known about how ethics committees (HRECs assess the ethics of TCM or WHM research. The objectives of this study were to examine the experiences of TCM and WHM researchers and HRECs with the evaluation of ethics applications. Two cross-sectional surveys were undertaken of HRECs and TCM and WHM researchers in Australia. Anonymous self-completion questionnaires were administered to 224 HRECs and 117 researchers. A response confirming involvement in TCM or WHM research applications was received from 20 HRECs and 42 researchers. The most frequent ethical issues identified by HRECs related to herbal products including information gaps relating to mode of action of herbal medicines and safety when combining herbal ingredients. Researchers concurred that they were frequently requested to provide additional information on multiple aspects including safety relating to the side effects of herbs and herb-drug interactions. Overall adherence with the principles of ethical conduct was high among TCM and WHM researchers although our study did identify the need for additional information regarding assessment of risk and risk management.

  13. Effective Components of Chinese Herbal Compound Decoction and Maillard Reaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹治云; 陈旭征; 张恩达; 杜建

    2009-01-01

    This paper intends to explore the color changes considered to be Maillard reaction during the process of Chinese herbal medicine.The Maillard reaction products(MRPs) are often in substantial proportions of Chinese herbal compound decoctions but their effects are often neglected.By considering the effects of MRPs in studies of effective components on Chinese herbal compounds,a new perspective is established in future researches of Chinese herbal compound decoctions.

  14. Java brucea and Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of cholesterol granuloma in the suprasellar and sellar regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Zhe; Cao, Yang; Zhai, Lin-zhu

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: A cholesterol granuloma (CG) is usually found in the middle ear, papilla, orbits, petrous apex, and choroid plexus, but is highly uncommon in the skull. In spite of benign clinicopathological lesions, bone erosion can be seen occasionally in the patient with CG. The optimal treatment strategy is radical surgery, but complete excision is usually impossible due to anatomical restrictions and a risk of injury to the key structures located nearby. Here, we report a patient with CGs in the suprasellar and sellar regions who was successfully treated with Java brucea and Chinese herbal medicine. Patient concerns: A 31-year-old man presenting with progressive decreased vision in both eyes was analyzed. Diagnoses: A skull magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed a low-density tumor in the uprasellar and sellar regions and histopathological examination revealed a CG. Interventions: The patient was referred the surgery and radiotherapy. In the meantime, brucea soft capsules and herbal medicine combined were administered to him. Outcomes: The related clinical symptoms and signs resolved significantly after several months, as his therapy progressed. The patient showed no sign of recurrence during the treatment period. Furthermore, he was still alive and disease-free at 37 months of follow-up visit. Lessons: Overall, brucea soft capsules and a Chinese herbal formula treatment combined could be beneficial in improving the patient's quality of life with CG in the skull. PMID:28151875

  15. Antidiarrheal properties of different extracts of Chinese herbal medicine formula Bao-Xie-Ning

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    Jing Li; Xin-lin Wu; Yuling Chen; Zhi Tang; Yue-hong Xu; Jian-min Jiang; Yue-yu Gu

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:Bao-Xie-Ning (BXN),a traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) formula composed of Fructus Evodiae,Flos Caryophylli and Cortex Cinnamomi,and used for the treatment of infant diarrheal illness,was subject to systematic assessment for its putative multiple pharmacodynamic effects and pharmacological antidiarrheal mechanisms.METHODS:High-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-electrospray ionizationmass spectrometric/mass spectrometry was developed and validated for identification and quantification of the main constituents in different extracts of BXN.Male Kunming mice weighing 20 to 25 g were used for detecting the antidiarrheal activity of the extracts.Ethanolic extract (EE),volatile oil extract (VOE),and aqueous extract (AE) of BXN were respectively subjected to pharmacodynamic and pharmacological comparison in assessing antidiarrheal effects with senna-induced diarrhea,castor oil-induced diarrhea,acetic acid-induced writhing assay,and isolated duodenum test.RESULTS:The highest yields of three detected components of BXN,rutaecarpine,eugenol and cinnamaldehyde were observed in EE.EE showed the most remarkable antidiarrheal activity in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners in both senna-and castor oil-induced diarrhea models,and presented dose-dependent analgesic activity in acetic acid-induced algesthesia model.In addition,EE extract of BXN also exhibited strong antimobility action on the intestine and strongest depression on spontaneous contraction of isolated duodenum.CONCLUSION:Ethanol extraction is an efficient method to extract the active constituents of BXN.BXN extract demonstrated multiple pharmacological activities affecting the main mechanisms of diarrhea,which validated BXN's usage in the comprehensive clinical treatment of diarrhea.

  16. Pharmacokinetics of Two Ingredients of the Compound Chinese Herbal Medicine Transdermal Preparation in Cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Gui-xia; LI Rui; ZHANG Xiu-ying

    2009-01-01

    The topical administration of the compound Chinese herbal medicine transdermal preparation has been widely used in treating the mastitis of cows.In order to understand the metabolic process,four cows suffering from clinical mastitis were selected for the pharmacokinetie study.The transdermal preparation was applied to the diseased part of breast.Then the plasma and milk samples were collected respectively at 0,0.5,1,2,4,6,8,10,12,24,and 36 h.The concentrations of baicalin and phillyrin in plasma and milk were determined by HPLC and the data of time-concentrations were analyzed by the pharmacokinetic software.The results showed that two ingredients in the plasma were not detectable,but they in the milk had linear relationship with the time.The peak concentration of baicalin [(2.84±0.15) μg mL-1]appeared at (4.93±0.35) h,AUC0-LOQ was(27.32±7.91) mg L-1 h-1,and the mean retention time was (28.31±0.49) h.The peak concentration of phillyrin [(0.49±0.41) μg mL-1]achieved at (3.68 4±3.14) h,AUC0-LOQ was (4.10±0.31) mg L-1 h-1,and the mean retention time was (14.52±0.02) h.These suggested that two ingredients had slow absorbing speed and high absorbing degree.They could not be eliminated in a short time,thus exerted the topical curative effect.

  17. Inhibition effect of Chinese herbal medicine on transcription of hepatitis C virus structural gene in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Dou; Qian Chen; Jing Wang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the inhibitory effect of Chinese herbal medicine on the transcription of hepatitis C virus (HCV) structural gene in Hela D cells.METHODS: Hela cell line was transfected with recombinant pBK-CMV-HCV containing HCV structural gene by Lipofectamine. RT-nested-PCR and Western blot assay were used to testify the HCV gene expression in Hela cells. The Hela cells expressing HCV structural protein were named Hela D cells. Prescriptions of Xiao chaihu Decoction (XCHD),Fufang Huangqi (FFHQ) and Bingganling (BGL) wererespectively added to Hela D cells in various concentrations. Semi-quantitative RT-nested-PCR product analysis was performed according to the fluorescent density between HCV DNA band and GAPDH DNA band in gel electrophoresisafter screened. RESULTS: Recombinant pBK-CMV-HCV could correctly express the HCV structural gene in Hela D cells. After coculture of Hela D cells with three prescriptional different concentrations for 48 h respectively, the transcription of HCVgene decreased with increasing of the concentration of each prescription. The lightness ratio of HCV product bands to GAPDH product bands was 0.24, 0.10 and 0.12 in Hela D cells incubated with 0.1 g/mL of XCHD, FFHQand BGL respectively and the lightness ratio HCV product bands to GAPDH product bands was 0.75, 0.67 and 0.61respectively in the control cells. CONCLUSION: The prescriptions of XCHD, FFHQ and BGL partly inhibit the transcription of HCV structural gene inHela D cells.

  18. Safety, clinical and immunologic efficacy of a Chinese herbal medicine (FAHF-2) for food allergy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Julie; Jones, Stacie M.; Pongracic, Jacqueline A.; Song, Ying; Yang, Nan; Sicherer, Scott H.; Makhija, Melanie M.; Robison, Rachel G.; Moshier, Erin; Godbold, James; Sampson, Hugh A.; Li, Xiu-Min

    2015-01-01

    Background FAHF-2 is a 9-herb formula based on Traditional Chinese Medicine that blocks peanut anaphylaxis in a murine model. In Phase I studies, FAHF-2 was found to be safe, and well tolerated. Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of FAHF-2 as a treatment for food allergy. Methods In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 68 subjects, 12-45 years of age, with allergies to peanut, tree nut, sesame, fish, and/or shellfish, confirmed by baseline double-blind, placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), received FAHF-2 (n=46) or placebo (n=22). After 6 months of therapy, subjects underwent DBPCFC. For those who demonstrated increases in eliciting dose, a repeat DBPCFC was performed 3 months after stopping therapy. Results Treatment was well-tolerated with no serious adverse events. By intent-to-treat analysis, the placebo group had a higher eliciting dose and cumulative dose (p=0.05) at the end of treatment DBPCFC. There was no difference in the requirement for epinephrine to treat reactions (p=0.55). There were no significant differences in allergen-specific IgE and IgG4, cytokine production by PBMCs or basophil activation between active and placebo groups. In vitro immunological studies performed on subject baseline PBMCs incubated with FAHF-2 and food allergen produced significantly less IL-5, greater IL-10 and increased numbers of Tregs than untreated cells. Notably, 44% of subjects had poor drug adherence for at least one-third of the study period. Conclusion FAHF-2 is a safe herbal medication for food allergic individuals and shows favorable in vitro immunomodulatory effects; however, efficacy for improving tolerance to food allergens is not demonstrated at the dose and duration used. PMID:26044855

  19. The In Vitro and In Vivo Wound Healing Properties of the Chinese Herbal Medicine “Jinchuang Ointment”

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    Tsung-Jung Ho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available “Jinchuang ointment” is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine complex for treatment of incised wounds. For more than ten years, it has been used at China Medical University Hospital (Taichung, Taiwan for the treatment of diabetic foot infections and decubitus ulcers. Three different cases are presented in this study. “Jinchuang” ointment is a mixture of natural product complexes from nine different components, making it difficult to analyze its exact chemical compositions. To further characterize the herbal ingredients used in this study, the contents of reference standards present in a subset of the ointment ingredients (dragon’s blood, catechu, frankincense, and myrrh were determined by HPLC. Two in vitro cell based assay platforms, wound healing and tube formation, were used to examine the biological activity of this medicine. Our results show that this herbal medicine possesses strong activities including stimulation of angiogenesis, cell proliferation, and cell migration, which provide the scientific basis for its clinically observed curative effects on nonhealing diabetic wounds.

  20. Effects of three Chinese herbal medicines on plasma and liver lipids in mice fed a high-fat diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Tohru; Suzuki, Satoe; Kudo, Hideki; Sassa, Shuji; Nomura, Makoto; Sakamoto, Shinobu

    2007-01-19

    Chinese herbal medicines, Inchinko-to, Bofu-tsusho-san and Dai-saiko-to, containing 3, 18 and 8 components, respectively, have since long been used as an anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, choleretic and diuretic agent for liver disorders and jaundice, as an anti-obesity agent, a hypocholesterolemic agent for liver disorders and a therapeutic and/or preventive agent for cholesterol gallstone disease with hypertriglycerid-emia in China and Japan, respectively. In the present study, we investigated the effects of these three herbal medicines in young male mice fed a high-fat diet. Plasma levels of lipids and the numbers of the fatty droplets in the liver cytoplasm were markedly lowered by the diets supplemented with three herbal medicines. The liver weights and the body growth were reduced by the diet supplemented with Dai-saiko-to, which slightly affected the concentrations of total protein, albumin, creatinine or calcium, and the activity of lactate dehydrogenase. Thus, Dai-saiko-to, besides Bofu-tsusho-san, seems effective in the activities of anti-obesity, anti-hyperlipidemia and anti-hyperlipids in liver cytoplasm, when used carefully.

  1. [Determination of Total Sulfur Dioxide in Chinese Herbal Medicines via Triple Quadrupole Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiao-wei; Liu, Jing-fu; Guan, Hong; Wang, Xiao-yan; Shag, Bing; Zhang, Jing; Liu, Li-ping; Zhang, Ni-na

    2016-02-01

    As an important treatment method, sulfur fumigation plays an essential role in the production and preservation of traditional Chinese herbal medicines. Although there is strict regulation on the use of sulfur dioxide, the abuse of sulfur dioxide still occurred from time to time. And the public faces a high risk of exposure. Because of the poor precision and tedious preparation procedures of traditional recommended titration, the accurate and convenient determination of sulfur dioxide in Chinese herbal medicines is still a critical analytical task for medicines safety and the public health. In this study, an accurate, high-throughput, and convenient method for the absolute determination of SO₂ in Chinese herbal medicines based on triple quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS/MS) technique is developed. The study compared the quantitative ability for sulfur when the ICP-MS operated under traditional single quadrupole (QMS) mode and novel triple quadrupole (MS/MS) mode with three Reaction/Collision cell condition (no gas, helium, and oxygen). The result indicated that when the concentration of sulfate ranging from 0.5 to 100 mg · L⁻¹, isotopic ³⁴S can be selected as quantitative ion either the ICP-MS operated under the QMS mode or MS/MS mode. The use of helium in the Reaction/Collision cell decreased the single intensity of background ions. Better than QMS mode, the MS/MS mode can effectively reduced background interference. But there are no significant differences about the linear range and limit of detection. However, when the ICP-MS operated under MS/MS mode and oxygen was used as reaction gas in the Reaction/Collision cell, the ICP-MS/MS provided an interference-free performance, the linear range and limit of detection improved significantly. Either ³²S or ³⁴S exhibits an excellent linearity (r > 0.999) over the concentration range of 0.02-100 mg · L⁻¹, with a limit of detection of 5.48 and 9.76 µg · L⁻¹ for

  2. Treatment of Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease with Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Pilot Clinical Study

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    Wan Fung Kum

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this clinical study is to examine the effects of a Chinese herbal medicine formula (Jia Wei Liu Jun Zi Tang: JWLJZT on motor and non-motor symptoms, and on complications of conventional therapy in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD, using an add-on design. Fifty-five patients with PD were randomly allocated to receive either Chinese herbal medicine or placebo for 24 weeks. Primary outcome measure was the 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39. Secondary outcome measures included the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS, Short-Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS, home diaries, and a range of category rating scales. JWLJZT resulted in a significant improvement in the UPDRS IVC when compared with placebo at 12 weeks (P = .039 and 24 weeks (P = .034. In addition, patients in the Chinese herbal medicine group also showed significant improvement in PDQ-39 communication scores at 12 weeks (P = .024 and 24 weeks (P = .047 when compared with the placebo group. There were no significant differences between treatment and control groups for SF-36 variables, GDS score or the mean daily “on-off” time. One case of mild diarrhea was noted in the treatment group. The findings suggest that JWLJZT can relieve some non-motor complications of conventional therapy and improve the communication ability in patients with PD. The results of this pilot study warrant larger multi-center clinical studies to assess long-term efficacy and tolerability of JWLJZT, and to elucidate the mechanisms by which it affects PD function.

  3. Twelve Cases of Malignant Hematopathy Treated by Combined Therapy of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation andChinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞荣喜; 周郁鸿; 朱宁希; 沈建平; 胡致平; 罗秀素; 林圣云; 沈一平; 陈均法; 孙洁

    2002-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the effect of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation combined with Chinese herbal medicine in treating malignant hematopathy.Methods: Allo-bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) or allo-peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (allo-PBSCT), with conditioning regimen of 60  Co total body irradiation + Cyclophosphamide (TBI+Cy) or busulfan + cyclophosphamide (Bu+Cy), was used to treat 4 cases of chronic granu locytic leukemia (CGL, 3 of chronic phase and 1 of accelerating phase) and one case of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL). And auto-BMT or auto-PBSCT, with conditioning regimen of my leran + cytosino arabinoside +cyclophosphamide (MAC) or MAC+VP16, was used to tr eat 7 cases of hematopathy, including 5 cases of ANLL (3 of CR 1 and 2 of CR 2) and 2 cases of malignant lymphoma (1 of the first occurrence and 1 of relapse). Chinese herbal medicine was given orally to all the 12 patients after transplantation according to TCM Syndrome Differentiation. Results: All patients were successfully engrafted. Within the median follow-up period of 18 (4-70) months, 1 patient (8.3%) died a transplantation-related death, 3 ( 25.0% ) relapsed and 8 (66.7%) survived free of original disease. Conclusion: Auto-BMT or auto-PBSCT in CR 1 stage of acute leukemia could reduce the relapse rate, when there was no matched bone marow donor; allo-BMT or allo-PBSCT in chronic stage could result in long-term disease-free survival of patients; Chinese herbal medicine administration in patients of malignant hematopathy after transplantation might reduce the complications and plays certain rol e in promoting recovery of hematopoietic function.

  4. Research on Chinese Herbal Medicine Fresh-Keeping Paper%中草药保鲜纸的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘维娜; 施龙; 丁丽; 孔江峰; 沙力争

    2012-01-01

    This paper studied the preparation of flesh-keeping paper by adding cristobalite powder, potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and Chinese herbal medicine into plant fiber, and discussed its fresh-keeping effect on strawberries. Results showed that Chinese herbal medicine fresh-keeping paper can reduce the weight loss rate and cell membrane permeability of strawberries effectively, and improve their sensory effects, The fresh-keeping effect on strawberries is the best when the amount of cristobalite powder, KMnOa and extracts of Chinese herbal medicine are 20%, 3.0% and 75% respectively, and the cell membrane permeability of strawberries is 64.25%.%通过在植物纤维中添加白硅石粉、高锰酸钾和中草药等保鲜剂,制备保鲜纸,以草莓为保鲜对象,研究保鲜纸对其保鲜的效果。结果表明:中草药保鲜纸可有效降低草莓的失重率和细胞膜透性,改善其感观性。保鲜纸中白硅石粉用量为20%、高锰酸钾溶液用量为3.0%、中草药提取液用量为75%时,对草莓的保鲜效果最好,此用量下的草莓细胞膜透性为64.25%。

  5. Pharmacological Effects of Active Components of Chinese Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhi-Yong; Liu, Jian-Gang; Li, Hao; Yang, Hui-Ming

    2016-01-01

    Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disorder associated with dementia, not only severely decreases the quality of life for its victims, but also brings a heavy economic burden to the family and society. Unfortunately, few chemical drugs designed for clinical applications have reached the expected preventive or therapeutic effect so far, and combined with their significant side-effects, there is therefore an urgent need for new strategies to be developed for AD treatment. Traditional Chinese Medicine has accumulated many experiences in the treatment of dementia during thousands of years of practice; modern pharmacological studies have confirmed the therapeutic effects of many active components derived from Chinese herbal medicines (CHM). Ginsenoside Rg1, extracted from Radix Ginseng, exerts a [Formula: see text]-secretase inhibitor effect so as to decrease A[Formula: see text] aggregation. It can also inhibit the apoptosis of neuron cells. Tanshinone IIA, extracted from Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae, and baicalin, extracted from Radix Scutellariae[Formula: see text] can inhibit the oxidative stress injury in neuronal cells. Icariin, extracted from Epimedium brevicornum, can decrease A[Formula: see text] levels and the hyperphosphorylation of tau protein, and can also inhibit oxidative stress and apoptosis. Huperzine A, extracted from Huperzia serrata, exerts a cholinesterase inhibitor effect. Evodiamine, extracted from Fructus Evodiae, and curcumin, extracted from Rhizoma Curcumae Longae, exert anti-inflammatory actions. Curcumin can act on A[Formula: see text] and tau too. Due to the advantages of multi-target effects and fewer side effects, Chinese medicine is more appropriate for long-term use. In this present review, the pharmacological effects of commonly used active components derived from Chinese herbal medicines in the treatment of AD are discussed.

  6. 对目前中药材价格上涨因素的一些分析%The analysis of the current Chinese herbal medicines prices factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    印敏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To use to predict the moving average method, in order to understand the Chinese herbal medicine prices trend, analysis of Chinese herbal medicines prices faced by various factors. Methods Moving average method to forecast the years can reflect the balance of supply and demand in the market, and consumer accumulation relationship of Chinese herbal medicines and proprietary Chinese medicine retail price index uses. Results The Chinese herbal medicines prices trend existed for a long time. Conclusion Chinese herbal medicine prices face Various factors and rising pressure. And through the analysis of these factors, promote the perfection of regulating supervision mechanism of the traditional Chinese medicine production and prices.%目的:运用移动平均法进行预测,以了解中药材价格的趋势,分析中药材价格上涨面临的各种因素。方法对这几年能反映市场供需的平衡、消费与积累关系的中药材及中成药零售价格指数部分运用移动平均法预测。结果中药材价格上涨趋势存在。结论中药材价格面临各种因素,上涨压力明显。并通过对这些因素的分析,促进完善中药生产和价格调节监督机制。

  7. Heavy metal and pesticide content in commonly prescribed individual raw Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, Eric S.J., E-mail: eric.sj.harris@gmail.com [Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Cao, Shugeng [Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Littlefield, Bruce A. [Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Craycroft, Jane A.; Scholten, Robert [Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Kaptchuk, Ted [Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Fu, Yanling [International Cooperation Center, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 11 Bai San Huan Dong Lu, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100029 (China); Wang, Wenquan; Liu, Yong [School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 6 Wangjing Zhong Huan Nan Lu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100102 (China); Chen, Hubiao; Zhao, Zhongzhen [School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, 7 Baptist University Road, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China); Clardy, Jon [Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Woolf, Alan D. [Children' s Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Avenue and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02118 (United States); and others

    2011-09-15

    Heavy metal and pesticide contamination has previously been reported in Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHMs), in some cases at potentially toxic levels. This study was conducted to determine general patterns and toxicological significance of heavy metal and pesticide contamination in a broad sample of raw CHMs. Three-hundred-thirty-four samples representing 126 species of CHMs were collected throughout China and examined for arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, and mercury. Of the total, 294 samples representing 112 species were also tested for 162 pesticides. At least 1 metal was detected in all 334 samples (100%) and 115 samples (34%) had detectable levels of all metals. Forty-two different pesticides were detected in 108 samples (36.7%), with 1 to 9 pesticides per sample. Contaminant levels were compared to toxicological reference values in the context of different exposure scenarios. According to a likely scenario of CHM consumption, only 3 samples (1%) with heavy metals and 14 samples (5%) with pesticides were found with concentrations that could contribute to elevated background levels of contaminant exposure. According to the most conservative scenario of CHM consumption, 231 samples (69%) with heavy metals and 81 samples (28%) with pesticides had contaminants that could contribute to elevated levels of exposure. Wild collected plants had higher contaminant levels than cultivated samples. Cadmium, chromium, lead, and chlorpyrifos contamination showed weak correlations with geographic location. Based on our assumptions of the likely mode of consumption of raw CHMs, the vast majority (95%) of the 334 samples in this study contained levels of heavy metals or pesticides that would be of negligible concern. However, given the number of samples with detectable contaminants and the range between the more likely and more conservative scenarios of contaminant exposure, more research and monitoring of heavy metals (especially cadmium and chromium) and pesticide residues

  8. Herbal medicines and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Hong; Qiao, Yu-Jie; Zhao, Ya-Li; Tao, Xu-Feng; Xu, Li-Na; Yin, Lian-Hong; Qi, Yan; Peng, Jin-Yong

    2016-08-14

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver of patients who consume little or no alcohol, becomes increasingly common with rapid economic development. Long-term excess fat accumulation leads to NAFLD and represents a global health problem with no effective therapeutic approach. NAFLD is considered to be a series of complex, multifaceted pathological processes involving oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, and metabolism. Over the past decades, herbal medicines have garnered growing attention as potential therapeutic agents to prevent and treat NAFLD, due to their high efficacy and low risk of side effects. In this review, we evaluate the use of herbal medicines (including traditional Chinese herbal formulas, crude extracts from medicinal plants, and pure natural products) to treat NAFLD. These herbal medicines are natural resources that can inform innovative drug research and the development of treatments for NAFLD in the future.

  9. Herbal medicines and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Hong; Qiao, Yu-Jie; Zhao, Ya-Li; Tao, Xu-Feng; Xu, Li-Na; Yin, Lian-Hong; Qi, Yan; Peng, Jin-Yong

    2016-01-01

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver of patients who consume little or no alcohol, becomes increasingly common with rapid economic development. Long-term excess fat accumulation leads to NAFLD and represents a global health problem with no effective therapeutic approach. NAFLD is considered to be a series of complex, multifaceted pathological processes involving oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, and metabolism. Over the past decades, herbal medicines have garnered growing attention as potential therapeutic agents to prevent and treat NAFLD, due to their high efficacy and low risk of side effects. In this review, we evaluate the use of herbal medicines (including traditional Chinese herbal formulas, crude extracts from medicinal plants, and pure natural products) to treat NAFLD. These herbal medicines are natural resources that can inform innovative drug research and the development of treatments for NAFLD in the future. PMID:27570425

  10. 中草药抗白念珠菌作用研究进展%Research progress of Chinese herbal medicine against Candida albicans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李姝毅; 夏志宽; 杨蓉娅

    2013-01-01

    Candida albicans is one of the most common human fungal pathogen,which can cause a variety of superficial and deep mycoses,and often become resistant to commonly used antifungal agents.So looking for broad-spectrum,high efficiency,low toxicity anti-Candida drugs has became a hot research.Extremely rich resources of Chinese herbal medicine have certain advantages of the prevention and treatment of Candida infections.To study the role of Chinese herbal medicine against Candida albicans,articles summarize the three aspects:herbal mechanism of action against Candida albicans and its active ingredient,single herb and compound herbal preparations against Candida albicans,synergistic effect of compound traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine against Candida albicans.The Chinese herbal medicine against Candida albicans clinical and experimental studies in recent years were reviewed.The article further confirmed the role of herbal anti-Candida albicans and showed the broad application prospects of herbal antifungal aspects.%白念珠菌,是人类最常见的真菌病原体,可引起各种浅表及深部真菌病,对常用抗真菌药物易产生耐药.文章就近年来有关中草药抗白念珠菌的相关临床及实验研究进行综述,主要从中草药抗白念珠菌的作用机制及其活性成分、单味及复方中草药制剂抗白念珠菌作用、中西药协同抗白念珠菌作用几个方面进行阐述.

  11. Statistical modeling methods to analyze the impacts of multiunit process variability on critical quality attributes of Chinese herbal medicine tablets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun F

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Fei Sun,1 Bing Xu,1,2 Yi Zhang,1 Shengyun Dai,1 Chan Yang,1 Xianglong Cui,1 Xinyuan Shi,1,2 Yanjiang Qiao1,2 1Research Center of Traditional Chinese Medicine Information Engineering, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 2Key Laboratory of Manufacture Process Control and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: The quality of Chinese herbal medicine tablets suffers from batch-to-batch variability due to a lack of manufacturing process understanding. In this paper, the Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS immediate release tablet was taken as the research subject. By defining the dissolution of five active pharmaceutical ingredients and the tablet tensile strength as critical quality attributes (CQAs, influences of both the manipulated process parameters introduced by an orthogonal experiment design and the intermediate granules’ properties on the CQAs were fully investigated by different chemometric methods, such as the partial least squares, the orthogonal projection to latent structures, and the multiblock partial least squares (MBPLS. By analyzing the loadings plots and variable importance in the projection indexes, the granule particle sizes and the minimal punch tip separation distance in tableting were identified as critical process parameters. Additionally, the MBPLS model suggested that the lubrication time in the final blending was also important in predicting tablet quality attributes. From the calculated block importance in the projection indexes, the tableting unit was confirmed to be the critical process unit of the manufacturing line. The results demonstrated that the combinatorial use of different multivariate modeling methods could help in understanding the complex process relationships as a whole. The output of this study can then be used to define a control strategy to improve the quality of the PNS immediate release tablet. Keywords: Panax

  12. Advanced research technology for discovery of new effective compounds from Chinese herbal medicine and their molecular targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Vincent Kam-Wai; Law, Betty Yuen-Kwan; Yao, Xiao-Jun; Chen, Xi; Xu, Su Wei; Liu, Liang; Leung, Elaine Lai-Han

    2016-09-01

    Traditional biotechnology has been utilized by human civilization for long in wide aspects of our daily life, such as wine and vinegar production, which can generate new phytochemicals from natural products using micro-organism. Today, with advanced biotechnology, diverse applications and advantages have been exhibited not only in bringing benefits to increase the diversity and composition of herbal phytochemicals, but also helping to elucidate the treatment mechanism and accelerate new drug discovery from Chinese herbal medicine (CHM). Applications on phytochemical biotechnologies and microbial biotechnologies have been promoted to enhance phytochemical diversity. Cell labeling and imaging technology and -omics technology have been utilized to elucidate CHM treatment mechanism. Application of computational methods, such as chemoinformatics and bioinformatics provide new insights on direct target of CHM. Overall, these technologies provide efficient ways to overcome the bottleneck of CHM, such as helping to increase the phytochemical diversity, match their molecular targets and elucidate the treatment mechanism. Potentially, new oriented herbal phytochemicals and their corresponding drug targets can be identified. In perspective, tighter integration of multi-disciplinary biotechnology and computational technology will be the cornerstone to accelerate new arena formation, advancement and revolution in the fields of CHM and world pharmaceutical industry.

  13. Salmonella typhimurium A1-R tumor targeting in immunocompetent mice is enhanced by a traditional Chinese medicine herbal mixture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yong; Zhang, Nan; Su, Shibing; Hoffman, Robert M; Zhao, Ming

    2013-05-01

    We have developed a bacterial cancer therapy strategy using the genetically-engineered strain Salmonella typhimurium A1-R (A1-R). A1-R is auxotrophic for leu and arg which attenuates bacterial growth in normal tissue but allows high tumor virulence. A1-R is effective against metastatic human and murine cancer cell lines in clinically-relevant nude-mouse models. However, A1-R treatment of tumors in immunocompetent mouse models with high doses is limited by toxicity. The current study evaluated a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herbal mixture in combination with A1-R therapy in a syngeneic metastatic immunocompetent mouse model of highly aggressive lung cancer. In a model of Lewis lung carcinoma, the combination of a TCM herbal mixture and S. typhimurium A1-R enabled bacteria to be safely administered at the large dose of 2 × 10(7) colony forming units once a week i.v. with increased treatment efficacy and reduced toxicity compared to monotherapy with A1-R. The herbal mixture prevented body weight loss, spleen weight gain and liver infection by A1-R, as well as hemorrhagic lesions on the skin, liver, and spleen, all observed with A1-R monotherapy. The results of the present study suggest that the combination of A1-R and TCM has important potential for therapy of highly aggressive types of cancer, including those which are resistant to standard therapy.

  14. [A complexity analysis of Chinese herbal property theory: the multiple expressions of herbal property].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Rui; Zhang, Bing

    2012-12-01

    Chinese herbal property is the highly summarized concept of herbal nature and pharmaceutical effect, which reflect the characteristics of herbal actions on human body. These herbal actions, also interpreted as presenting the information about pharmaceutical effect contained in herbal property on the biological carrier, are defined as herbal property expressions. However, the biological expression of herbal property is believed to possess complex features for the involved complexity of Chinese medicine and organism. Firstly, there are multiple factors which could influence the expression results of herbal property such as the growth environment, harvest season and preparing methods of medicinal herbs, and physique and syndrome of body. Secondly, there are multiple biological approaches and biochemical indicators for the expression of the same property. This paper elaborated these complexities for further understanding of herbal property. The individuality of herbs and expression factors should be well analyzed in the related studies.

  15. Hexa-herbal Chinese formula for eczema

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chang, J.; Jäger, Anna; Heinrich, M.

    2014-01-01

    Diverse pharmacological activities and reliable clinical performances of Chinese herbal medicines have attracted worldwide attention in terms of its modernization. Here, a hexa-herbal Chinese formula (HHCF) for treating eczema topically has been studied from both chemical and biological perspective...... colonizes the skin of most patients with AD and produces superantigens that could further increase severity of AD via subverting T-regulatory cell activity and inducing corticosteroid resistance. [3] Therefore, activity of the decoctions prepared from mixture and individual medicinal plants of the formula...

  16. Chinese Herbal Medicine for Osteoporosis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trails

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-qian Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Osteoporosis is a major health problem for the elderly population. Chinese herb may be beneficial to osteoporosis due to its capability. Objectives. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of Chinese medicine treatment on the patients with osteoporosis. Search Methods. Randomized controlled trials were retrieved from different 9 databases. Results. This meta analysis included 12 RCTs involving 1816 patients to compare Chinese herbs with placebo or standard anti-osteoporotic therapy in the treatment of bone loss. The pooled data showed that the percent change of increased BMD in the spine is higher with Chinese herb compared to placebo (lumber spine: WMD = 0.07, 95% CI: 0.01–0.04. In the femoral, Chinese herb showed significantly higher increments of BMD compared to placebo (femoral neck: WMD = 0.06, 95% CI: −0.02–0.13. Compared to the other standard anti-osteoporotic drugs, Chinese herbs also show advantage in BMD change (lumber spine: WMD = 0.03, 95% CI: −0.01–0.08; femoral: WMD = 0.01, 95% CI: −0.01–0.02. Conclusions. Our results demonstrated that Chinese herb significantly increased lumbar spine BMD as compared to the placebo or other standard anti-osteoporotic drugs.

  17. Optimizing Prescription of Chinese Herbal Medicine for Unstable Angina Based on Partially Observable Markov Decision Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Feng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Initial optimized prescription of Chinese herb medicine for unstable angina (UA. Methods. Based on partially observable Markov decision process model (POMDP, we choose hospitalized patients of 3 syndrome elements, such as qi deficiency, blood stasis, and turbid phlegm for the data mining, analysis, and objective evaluation of the diagnosis and treatment of UA at a deep level in order to optimize the prescription of Chinese herb medicine for UA. Results. The recommended treatment options of UA for qi deficiency, blood stasis, and phlegm syndrome patients were as follows: Milkvetch Root + Tangshen + Indian Bread + Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome (ADR=0.96630; Danshen Root + Chinese Angelica + Safflower + Red Peony Root + Szechwan Lovage Rhizome Orange Fruit (ADR=0.76; Snakegourd Fruit + Longstamen Onion Bulb + Pinellia Tuber + Dried Tangerine peel + Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome + Platycodon Root (ADR=0.658568. Conclusion. This study initially optimized prescriptions for UA based on POMDP, which can be used as a reference for further development of UA prescription in Chinese herb medicine.

  18. Optimizing prescription of chinese herbal medicine for unstable angina based on partially observable markov decision process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yan; Qiu, Yu; Zhou, Xuezhong; Wang, Yixin; Xu, Hao; Liu, Baoyan

    2013-01-01

    Objective. Initial optimized prescription of Chinese herb medicine for unstable angina (UA). Methods. Based on partially observable Markov decision process model (POMDP), we choose hospitalized patients of 3 syndrome elements, such as qi deficiency, blood stasis, and turbid phlegm for the data mining, analysis, and objective evaluation of the diagnosis and treatment of UA at a deep level in order to optimize the prescription of Chinese herb medicine for UA. Results. The recommended treatment options of UA for qi deficiency, blood stasis, and phlegm syndrome patients were as follows: Milkvetch Root + Tangshen + Indian Bread + Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome (ADR = 0.96630); Danshen Root + Chinese Angelica + Safflower + Red Peony Root + Szechwan Lovage Rhizome Orange Fruit (ADR = 0.76); Snakegourd Fruit + Longstamen Onion Bulb + Pinellia Tuber + Dried Tangerine peel + Largehead Atractylodes Rhizome + Platycodon Root (ADR = 0.658568). Conclusion. This study initially optimized prescriptions for UA based on POMDP, which can be used as a reference for further development of UA prescription in Chinese herb medicine.

  19. Alkaloid profiling of the Chinese herbal medicine Fuzi by combination of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, J.; Heijden, R. van der; Spijksma, G.; Reijmers, T.; Wang, M.; Xu, G.; Hankemeier, T.; Greef, J. van der

    2009-01-01

    A matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) method was developed for the high throughput and robust qualitative profiling of alkaloids in Fuzi-the processed lateral roots of the Chinese herbal medicine Aconitum carmichaeli Debx (A. carmichaeli). After optimization, pow

  20. Twenty-eight Cases of Diabetic Foot Ulcer and Gangrene Treated with the Chinese Herbal Medicine Combined with Injection of Ahylsantinfarctase

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凡

    2002-01-01

    @@ Since 1995, the Chinese herbal medicine for supplementing qi and activating blood circulation combined with injection of ahylsantinfarctase into the femoral artery has been used in 28 cases of diabetes complicated with gangrene and ulcer of the foot, with quite good therapeutic effects as reported in the following.

  1. Comparison of Chinese herbal medicine and TCM formula granules%中药饮片和中药配方颗粒的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安学荣; 建福

    2014-01-01

    To compare Chinese herbal medicine with TCM formula granules from each according to the principle, quality control, allocation of storage.%从依据原则、质量控制、调配储存等各个方面比较中药饮片和中药配方颗粒。

  2. Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of type A H1N1 influenza: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Chen

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Chinese herbs are thought to be effective for type A H1N1 influenza. Series of Chinese herbs have been authorized recommended by the Chinese government, and until now a number of clinical trials of Chinese herbs for H1N1 influenza have been conducted. However, there is no critically appraised evidence such as systematic reviews or meta-analyses on potential benefits and harms of medicinal herbs for H1N1 influenza to justify their clinical use and their recommendation. METHODS AND FINDINGS: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CBM, CNKI, VIP, China Important Conference Papers Database, China Dissertation Database, and online clinical trial registry websites were searched for published and unpublished randomized controlled trials (RCTs of Chinese herbs for H1N1 influenza till 31 August, 2011. A total of 26 RCTs were identified and reviewed. Most of the RCTs were of high risk of bias with flawed study design and poor methodological quality. The combination of several Chinese herbal medicines with or without oseltamivir demonstrated positive effect on fever resolution, relief of symptoms, and global effectiveness rate compared to oseltamivir alone. However, only one herbal medicine showed positive effect on viral shedding. Most of the trials did not report adverse events, and the safety of herbal medicines is still uncertain. CONCLUSIONS: Some Chinese herbal medicines demonstrated potential positive effect for 2009 type A H1N1 influenza; however, due to the lack of placebo controlled trial and lack of repeated test of the intervention, we could not draw confirmative conclusions on the beneficial effect of Chinese herbs for H1N1 influenza. More rigorous trials are warranted to support their clinical use.

  3. Concurrent Use of Hypnotic Drugs and Chinese Herbal Medicine Therapies among Taiwanese Adults with Insomnia Symptoms: A Population-Based Study

    OpenAIRE

    Kuei-Hua Lee; Yueh-Ting Tsai; Jung-Nien Lai; Shun-Ku Lin

    2013-01-01

    Background. The increased practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) worldwide has raised concerns regarding herb-drug interactions. The purpose of our study is to analyze the concurrent use of Chinese herbal products (CHPs) among Taiwanese insomnia patients taking hypnotic drugs. Methods. The usage, frequency of services, and CHP prescribed among 53,949 insomnia sufferers were evaluated from a random sample of 1 million beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Research Database. A...

  4. Severe acute cholestatic hepatitis of unknown etiology successfully treated with the Chinese herbal medicine Inchinko-to (TJ-135)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Susumu Ohwada; Isao Kobayashi; Nobuo Harasawa; Kyoichiro Tsuda; Yosikatsu Inui

    2009-01-01

    Severe acute hepatitis of unknown etiology is difficult to treat and often progresses to subacute fulminant hepatitis or late-onset hepatic failure. A 45-year-old wellnourished, healthy man had progressive fatigue and his liver function tests showed severe liver dysfunction. The etiology of sever acute cholestatic hepatitis was unknown. The liver function tests normalized gradually, which excluded high persistent total bilirubin after starting on predonine. A liver biopsy showed chronic active hepatitis with mild fibrosis (A2, F1). Oral Inchinko-to, a Chinese herbal medicine, at 7.5 g daily was prescribed. The treatment was effective with no adverse effects. We present a successfully treated case and discuss hepatoprotective and choleretic effects of Inchinko-to.

  5. Targeting cancer-related inflammation: Chinese herbal medicine inhibits epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in pancreatic cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Zhang

    Full Text Available Pancreatic cancer is an almost universally fatal disease resulting from early invasion of adjacent structures and metastasis and the lack of an effective treatment modality. Our previous studies have shown that Qingyihuaji Formula (QYHJ, a seven-herb Chinese medicine formula, had significant anti-cancer effects in pancreatic cancer. Here, we examined the effects of QYHJ on pancreatic cancer cell invasion and metastasis and the potential associated mechanism(s. We found that QYHJ inhibited both tumor growth and metastasis in nude mice with human pancreatic cancer cell xenografts. Further study indicated that QYHJ inhibited epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT, which is characterized by increased E-cadherin expression and decreased vimentin, N-cadherin and Slug expression. Interleukin 6 (IL-6, a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced mainly by macrophages, could promote cancer cell EMT and invasion. In contrast, treatment with QYHJ inhibited cancer-related inflammation in tumors by decreasing infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages and IL-6 production, thus preventing cell invasion and metastasis. These results suggested that the Chinese herbal medicine QYHJ could inhibit pancreatic cancer cell invasion and metastasis in part by reversing tumor-supporting inflammation.

  6. Herbal medicine-related hepatotoxicity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Evangelos; Stournaras; Konstantinos; Tziomalos

    2015-01-01

    Herbal medicine products represent a common therapeutic approach in the East and are gaining increasing popularity in Western countries. They are unjustifiably considered to be side-effect free; on the contrary, severe toxicity, including catastrophic hepatic injury has been reported in association with their use. Vigilance isrequired from both physicians and the general public. Physicians should always suspect herbal medicines when evaluating a patient with unexplained liver injury. Regulation standards for herbal products need to be reconsidered, so that the efficacy and safety of these products have been clearly demonstrated before they enter the markets.

  7. Are national quality standards for traditional Chinese herbal medicine sufficient? Current governmental regulations for traditional Chinese herbal medicine in certain Western countries and China as the Eastern origin country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobos, G J; Tan, L; Cohen, M H; McIntyre, M; Bauer, R; Li, X; Bensoussan, A

    2005-09-01

    Traditional Chinese herbal Medicine (TCHM) has been gaining interest and acceptance world wide. TCHM provides on the one side promising perspective of scientific interest and on the other side possible health risks if TCHM drugs are not controlled with respect to quality standards or if practitioners for TCHM are not well trained. This paper outlines an introduction to the scientific aspects and potential risks of TCHM therapy followed by a brief, exploratory overview of the current status of TCHM regulations in certain Western countries like the USA, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia and in China as the Eastern origin country of TCHM. Legal foundations to establish quality and safety standards for TCHM crude drugs and ready-made formulas exist in some countries on a local basis but in practice are poorly enforced, where this products have no drug status. In addition practitioners treating patients with TCHM should be well versed in the pharmacology, side effects, and interactions of these substances with Western medicines and should be certified on a regular basis.

  8. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine Yiqi Huaju Formula on hypertensive patients with metabolic syndrome: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi Chen; De-yu Fu; Yu Chen; Yan-ming He; Xiao-dong Fu; Yan-qiu Xu; Yi Liu

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Patients with hypertension coupled with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are among the high risk population in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.To reduce the prevalence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases,it is essential to appropriately control blood pressure together with other cardiovascular risk factors.OBJECTIVE:The current study was designed to investigate the therapeutic effects on blood pressure,blood pressure variability and other cardiovascular risk factors by giving Yiqi Huaju Formula,a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine,in addition to routine treatment to hypertensive patients coupled with MetS.DESIGN,SETTING,PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS:A total of 43 patients with hypertension coupled with MetS were recruited into this study.The enrolled patients were randomly divided into the Chinese herbal formula group (anti-hypertensive drugs plus Yiqi Huaju Formula,CHF) and the control group (anti-hypertensive drugs plus placebo).The CHF group enrolled 22 patients while the control group received 21 cases.Treatments were given for 12 weeks in both groups.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Parameters examined include 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring,body mass index,waist circumference,waist-to-hip ratio,homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR),fasting glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c),fasting plasma glucose,2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (PPG),fasting plasma insulin,serum lipid,etc.RESULTS:Compared with the control group,the CHF group had significant improvement (P<0.01) in anthropometric parameters,FPG,HOMA-IR,blood pressure amplitude,blood pressure variability and blood pressure load.CONCLUSION:This study showed that integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment can achieve better results in controlling blood pressure as well as other cardiovascular risk factors.The mechanism of controlling of blood pressure may be associated with the improvement of insulin sensitivity due to the Yiqi

  9. Circumvention of multi-drug resistance of cancer cells by Chinese herbal medicines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Ge

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Multi-drug resistance (MDR of cancer cells severely limits therapeutic outcomes. A proposed mechanism for MDR involves the efflux of anti-cancer drugs from cancer cells, primarily mediated by ATP-binding cassette (ABC membrane transporters including P-glycoprotein. This article reviews the recent progress of using active ingredients, extracts and formulae from Chinese medicine (CM in circumventing ABC transporters-mediated MDR. Among the ABC transporters, Pgp is the most extensively studied for its role in MDR reversal effects. While other MDR reversal mechanisms remain unclear, Pgp inhibition is a criterion for further mechanistic study. More mechanistic studies are needed to fully establish the pharmacological effects of potential MDR reversing agents.

  10. 优化中草药调配模式的实践研究%The Practical Research of Optimizing the Mode of the Chinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马爽; 高善荣; 赵学敏

    2014-01-01

    Objective By practical research of the dispensing mode of the Chinese herbal medicine,Make sure the realistic significance and the improvement direction of the Chinese herbal medicine intelligent dispensing mode.Method By using comparative study method,compare the traditional dispensing mode and the intelligent dispensing mode.We can find that computer system technolgy,small package of the Chinese herbal pieces and the key auxiliary equipment and facilities of dispensing are the basics in the process of realizing the intelligent dispensing mode;Combined with practical work,analyse the pros and cons of the intelligent dispensing mode by using SWOT analysis method,determine the final dispensing mode of the Chinese herbal medicine of our hospital. Result and Conclusion At present,the intelligent dispensing mode of our hospital has greatly improved the administration of the dispensing mode of the Chinese herbal medicine.This is consistent with our hospital's actual work and the development direction of the administration of the dispensing mode of the Chinese herbal medicine in future.%目的:通过对我院中草药调配模式的实践研究,确证中草药智能配发模式的现实意义和改进方向。方法运用对比研究法,对传统调配模式与现行智能配发模式进行对比,指出计算机系统技术、小袋包装中药饮片、辅助调配的关键设备设施是实现智能调配模式的基础;运用SWOT分析法,结合实际工作,对智能调配模式进行优势劣势分析,最终确证我院优化中草药调配模式的途径。结果与结论目前我院采用的智能调配模式极大改善中草药调配管理,符合我院工作实际,以及当前和今后一段时期内的中草药调配管理发展方向。

  11. Chinese Herbal Medicines as an Adjunctive Therapy for Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pancreatic cancer is a common malignancy with a high mortality. Most patients present clinically with advanced pancreatic cancer. Moreover, the effect of radiotherapy or chemotherapy is limited. Complementary and alternative medicines represent exciting adjunctive therapies. In this study, we ascertained the beneficial and adverse effects of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM in combination with conventional therapy for inoperable pancreatic cancer by using meta-analysis methods for controlled clinical trials. We extracted data for studies searched from six electronic databases that were searched and also assessed the methodological quality of the included studies. We evaluated the following outcome measures: 6-month and 1-year survival rate, objective response rate, disease control rate, quality of life, and adverse effects. The final analysis showed CHM is a promising strategy as an adjunctive therapy to treat advanced or inoperable pancreatic cancer and that CHM in combination with conventional therapy is a promising strategy for resistant disease. However, convincing evidence must be obtained and confirmed by high-quality trials in future studies.

  12. Diversity of Pharmacological Properties in Chinese and European Medicinal Plants: Cytotoxicity, Antiviral and Antitrypanosomal Screening of 82 Herbal Drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Efferth

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In an extensive screening, the antiviral, antitrypanosomal and anticancer properties of extracts from 82 plants used in traditional Chinese medicine and European phytomedicine were determined. Several promising plants that were highly effective against hepatitis B virus (HBV, bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV—a flavivirus used here as a surrogate in vitro model of hepatitis C virus, trypanosomes (Trypanosoma brucei brucei and several cancer cell lines were identified. Six aqueous extracts from Celosia cristata, Ophioglossum vulgatum, Houttuynia cordata, Selaginella tamariscina, Alpinia galanga and Alpinia oxyphylla showed significant antiviral effects against BVDV without toxic effects on host embryonic bovine trachea (EBTr cells, while Evodia lepta, Hedyotis diffusa and Glycyrrhiza spp. demonstrated promising activities against the HBV without toxic effects on host human hepatoblastoma cells transfected with HBV-DNA (HepG2 2.2.15 cells. Seven organic extracts from Alpinia oxyphylla, Coptis chinensis, Kadsura longipedunculata, Arctium lappa, Panax ginseng, Panax notoginseng and Saposhnikovia divaricata inhibited T. b. brucei. Moreover, among fifteen water extracts that combined high antiproliferative activity (IC50 0.5–20 µg/mL and low acute in vitro toxicity (0–10% reduction in cell viability at IC50, Coptis chinensis presented the best beneficial characteristics. In conclusion, traditional herbal medicine from Europe and China still has a potential for new therapeutic targets and therapeutic applications.

  13. Ancient Records and Modern Research on the Mechanisms of Chinese Herbal Medicines in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai-ming Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the past decades, Chinese herbal medicines (CHM have been extensively and intensively studied through from both clinical and experimental perspectives and CHM have been proved to be effective in the treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM. This study, by searching ancient records and modern research papers, reviewed CHM in terms of their clinical application and principal mechanism in the treatment of DM. We summarized the use of CHM mentioned in 54 famous ancient materia medica monographs and searched papers on the hypoglycemic effect of several representative CHM. Main mechanisms and limitations of CHM and further research direction for DM were discussed. On the basis of the study, we were led to conclude that TCM, as a main form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM, was well recorded in ancient literatures and has less adverse effects as shown by modern studies. The mechanisms of CHM treatment of DM are complex, multilink, and multitarget, so we should find main hypoglycemic mechanism through doing research on CHM monomer active constituents. Many CHM monomer constituents possess noteworthy hypoglycemic effects. Therefore, developing a novel natural product for DM and its complications is of much significance. It is strongly significant to pay close attention to CHM for treatment of DM and its complications.

  14. Investigation of targeted pyrrolizidine alkaloids in traditional Chinese medicines and selected herbal teas sourced in Ireland using LC-ESI-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Caroline T; Gosetto, Francesca; Danaher, Martin; Sabatini, Stefano; Furey, Ambrose

    2014-01-01

    Publications linking hepatotoxicity to the use of herbal preparations are escalating. Herbal teas, traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) and dietary supplements have been shown to contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). Acute PA toxicosis of the liver can result in sinusoidal-obstruction syndrome, also known as veno-occlusive disease (VOD). This paper describes a sensitive and robust method for the detection of targeted PAs and their N-oxides (PANOs) in herbal products (selected herbal teas and TCMs) sourced within Ireland. The sample preparation includes a simple acidic extraction with clean-up via solid-phase extraction (SPE). Sample extracts were accurately analysed by using LC-ESI-MS/MS applying for the first time a pentafluorophenyl (PFP) core-shell column to the chromatographic separation of PAs and PANOs. The method was validated for selectivity, taking into consideration matrix effects, specificity, linearity, precision and trueness. Limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantitation (LOQ) were quantified for all PAs and PANOs ranging from 0.4 to 1.9 µg kg⁻¹ and from 1.3 to 6.3 µg kg⁻¹, respectively. In this study 10 PAs and four PANOs were targeted because they are commercially available as reference standards. Therefore, this study can only report the levels of these PAs and PANOs analysed in the herbal teas and TCMs. The results reported represent the minimum levels of PAs and PANOs present in the samples analysed; commercially available herbal teas (n = 18) and TCMs (n = 54). A total of 50% herbal teas and 78% Chinese medicines tested positive for one or more PAs and/or PANOs included within this study, ranging from 10 to 1733 and from 13 to 3668 µg kg⁻¹, respectively.

  15. [Butanol extraction combined with dilute hydrochloric acid dissolution-atomic fluorescence spectrometric method for indirect determination of molybdenum in Chinese herbal medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jian-Ping; Geng, Guo-Xing; Tang, Yan-Kui; Lu, Zhi-Yong

    2012-12-01

    A method for indirectly determining the molybdenum in Chinese herbal medicine by butanol extraction and dilute hydrochloric acid dissolution was established for atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The molybdoarsenate heteropoly acid, formed in the presence of As(V) and ammonium molybdate in 0.3 mol x L(-1) sulphuric acid medium, was separated and enriched in the organic solvent, then the evaporation of organic reagent was implemented and the left residue was dissolved in dilute hydrochloric acid in which the arsenic content was determined on behalf of molybdenum. In the optimum experimental conditions, molybdenum content in 0-15 microg x L(-1) range depicts a good linear relationship, the detection limit and relative standard deviation of 0.44 microg x L(-1) and 1.1% were obtained, respectively. Spiked Chinese herbal medicine samples were determined with the proposed method, and recoveries of 95.6%-101.3% were achieved.

  16. 火针配合中药治疗斑秃疗效观察%Therapeutic Observation of Fire Needling plus Chinese Herbal Medicine for Alopecia Areata

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麻秋雷; 梁冰洁; 李鹏; 赵烨; 孟凡征; 李平

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察火针配合中药治疗斑秃的临床疗效。方法将50例斑秃患者随机分为治疗组35例和对照组15例。治疗组采用火针配合中药治疗,对照组采用单纯口服中药治疗。治疗3个月后比较两组临床疗效。结果治疗组总有效率为97.1%,对照组为73.3%,两组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论火针配合中药是一种治疗斑秃的有效方法。%Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of fire needling plus Chinese herbal medicine in treating alopecia areata. Method Fifty patients with alopecia areata were randomized into a treatment group of 35 cases and a control group of 15 cases. The treatment group was intervened by fire needling plus Chinese herbal medicine, while the control group was by oral administration of Chinese herbal medicine alone. The clinical efficacies were compared after 3-month treatment.Result The total effective rate was 97.1% in the treatment group versus 73.3% in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Fire needling plus Chinese herbal medicine is an effective method in treating alopecia areata.

  17. A New Furostanol Saponin from the Water-extract of Dioscorea nipponica Mak., the Raw Material of the Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine Wei Ao Xin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Bin CUI; Chi XU; Qian Qun GU; Shi Dong CHU; Hai Hong JI; Gang JING

    2004-01-01

    26-O-β-D-Glucopyranosyl-furost-5(6),20(22)-dien-3β,26-diol 1, a new furostanol saponin, was isolated from the water-extract of Dioscorea nipponica Mak., the raw material of a traditional Chinese herbal medicine Wei Ao Xin. The structure of 1 was determined on the basis of its spectral data especially by NMR spectroscopy. The result provides the first example of naturally occurring furostanol saponins with a single saccharide chain at the C-26 position.

  18. Regulating effect of Chinese herbal medicine on the peritoneal lymphatic stomata in enhancing ascites absorption of experimental hepatofibrotic mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji-Cheng Li; Shi-Ping Ding; Jian Xu

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To observe the regulatory effect of Chinese herbalmedicine on peritoneal lymphatic stomata and itssignificance in treating ascites in liver fibrosis model mice.METHODS: Two Chinese herbal composite prescriptionswere used separately to treat the carbon tetrachloride-induced mouse model of liver fibrosis. The histo-pathologicchanges of the liver sections (HE and VG stainings) wereobserved. The peritoneal lymphatic stomata was detected byscanning electron microscopy and computer imageprocessing. The changes of urinary volume and sodium ionconcentration were measured.RESULTS: In the model group, lots of fibrous tissue formedin liver and extended into the hepatic Iobulss to separatethem incompletely. In the treated and prevention groups,the histo-pathologic changes of liver was rather milder, onlyshowed much less fibrous tissue proliferation in the hepaticIobules. The peritoneal lymphatic stomata enlarged withincreased density in the experimental groups (diameter:PA, 3.07±0.69μm; PB, 2.82±0.37μm; TA, 3.25±0.82μmand TB, 2.82±0.56μm; density: PA, 7.11± 1.90 stomata@1000μm-2; PB, 8.76± 1.45 stomata@ 1000μm-2; TA, 6.55± 1.44 stomata@ 1000μm-2 and TB, 8.76 ± 1. 79 stomata@ 1000μm-2), as compared with the model group (diameter: 2.00 ±0.52μm; density: 4.45 ± 1. 05 stomata@ 1000 μm-2 ). Aftertreatment, the urinary volume and sodium ion excretionincreased in the experimental groupe ( PA, 231.28 ± 41. 09mmol@L-1; PB, 171.69± 27.48 mmol@L-1 and TA, 231.44±34.12 retool@ L-1 ), which were significantly different with thosein the model group (129.33 ± 36.75 rnmol@ L-1 ).CONCLUSION: Chinese herbal medicine has marked effectsin alleviating liver fibrosis, regulating peritoneal lymphaticstomata, improving the drainage of ascites from peritonealcavity and causing increase of urinary volume and sodiumion excretion to reduce the water and sodium retention, andthus have favorable therapeutic effect in treating ascites.

  19. CLINICAL ANALYSIS ON THE TREATMENT OF FACIAL PARALYSIS BY ACUPUNCTURE, MOXIBUSTION PLUS CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Li-sha; SHEN Wei-hong

    2005-01-01

    Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of the integrated acupuncture-moxibustion and herbal therapies for facial paralysis. Methods: A total of 68 cases of facial paralysis were treated by integration of acupuncture-moxibustion and herbal therapies. For facial palsy patients with wind-phlegm blocking meridian-collaterals and wind-stirring due to yin deficiency types in the acute stage, Modified respectively; and for those in convalescent stage and sequela stage, Replenishing Blood) + Qian Zheng San (Powder for Treating Wry-mouth) and Recuperation) were employed. Results: After the treatment, the curative rate of the 68 cases accounted for 90% of the total cases, the remarkably effective 6%, the improved 3% and the poor 1% respectively. Conclusion: The therapeutic effectiveness of the integrated treatment of acupuncture-moxibustion and herbal therapies for facial paralysis is certain.

  20. Traditional Chinese medicine herbal preparations in restless legs syndrome (RLS) treatment: a review and probable first description of RLS in 1529.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Xue; Wang, Wei-Dong; Walters, Arthur S; Wang, Qi; Liu, Yan-Jiao; Chu, Fu-Yong

    2012-12-01

    Occidental medicine has a given definition for restless legs syndrome (RLS) and knowledge of RLS pathophysiology has led to the development of its therapeutic management. RLS has no cure. Many methods have been used for its treatment, among which traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been considered as a new approach. However, description and management of the disease symptoms can be found in Chinese ancient medical systems. The first mention of RLS may have been as early as the third century BC described as "leg uncomfortable". Nonetheless, the lack of a complete description encompassing all four modern cardinal features of RLS makes this uncertain. On the other hand, the first description of RLS encompassing three of the four major modern criteria occurs in the ancient book of Neike Zhaiyao (Internal summary), 1529 AD just about a century and a half prior to the description of RLS by Sir Thomas Willis in England. Here, we introduce the philosophical concepts of traditional Chinese medicine and the description, classification and understanding of RLS symptoms in traditional Chinese medicine. We have conducted an in-depth review of the literature reporting one part of TCM, Chinese herbal treatment efficacy for RLS, through both English and Chinese search engines. Eighty-five studies were included in the review and more than 40 formulas (including 176 different ingredients) were found in the literature. According to the literature, Chinese herbs have been demonstrated to be safe and hold great potential to be an effective treatment modality for RLS, but the evidence is limited by the quality of these studies. Of the eighty-five studies, only nine were clinical trials with a control group and only three of them were randomized. In cases where herbal preparations were compared to Western medications for RLS, the herbal preparations appear to be superior. However, uncertainty as to whether the diagnosis of RLS was made in accord with Western norms and the use of

  1. 几味常用中药材非药用部位或混淆品入药现象分析%Analysis of Non-medicinal Parts and Adulterant of Chinese Herbal Medicine Used as Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To analyze the phenomenon of non-medicinal parts and adulterant of Chinese herbal medicine used as medicine.METHODS:The property,physicochemical property and pesticide effects were indentified in authentic and fake Uncaria tomentosa,Polygala tenuifolia,Cryptotympana pustulata,Rubia cordifolia and the thorn of Gleditsia sinensis.RESULTS:Pesticide effects of non-medicinal parts were worse than authentic medicine or opposite to authentic medicine,and adulterant had no pesticide effects even had toxic effects.CONCLUSIONS:Non-medicinal parts and adulterant has a severe impact on pesticide effects of Chinese herbal medicine.%目的:防止中药材非药用部位或混淆品入药.方法:对钩藤、远志、蝉蜕、茜草、皂荚刺的正伪品性状、理化性状及药效进行鉴别.结果:非药用部位的药效差于正品或者药效相反,混淆品一般无药用价值甚至有毒副作用.结论:非药用部位或混淆品入药会严重影响中药的药效,甚至危害患者.

  2. The role of Chinese herbal medicines in a rat model of chronic colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Lan Tian; Marisabel Mourelle; Yu Ling Li; Francisco Guarner; Juan-R Malagelada

    2000-01-01

    AIM To investigate a mixture of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the prevention of chronic colitis inrats.METHODS Sixty rats were divided into 3 groups. Colitis was induced by trinitrobenzene-sulfonic acid(TNB). On day 10, all the survived rats were killed, the mortality and intestinal obstruction rate werecalculated, the colonic lesion score was assessed and collagenase activity and collagen concentration weremeasured.RESULTS The survival rate was much lower and intestinal obstruction rate much higher in TNB than thosein TCM, they were 53% and 81% vs. 80% and 24% (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively). There were alsosignificant differences in colonic stricture score and colonic weight between TNB and TCM groups (1.75±1.2 vs 0.22±0.67 and 0.57±0.36 vs 0.31±0.10, P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). No hydroxyprolineand collagenase activity differences were found between the two groups.CONCLUSION This mixture of TCM prevents the formation of intestinal stricture, increases the survivalrate and decreases intestinal obstruction rate in a rat model of chronic colitis.

  3. Clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for Wilson's disease: a systematic review of 9 randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Xie, Cheng-long; Fu, Deng-lei; Lu, Lin; Lin, Yan; Dong, Qi-qian; Wang, Xiao-tong; Zheng, Guo-qing

    2012-06-01

    Wilson's disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism. Despite being treatable, there is no universally accepted treatment regimen. Currently, various Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) are widely used in the treatment of Wilson's disease in China, but there is a lack of reliable scientific evidence for the effectiveness of such therapies. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of CHM as an alternative or/and adjuvant therapy for Wilson's disease. A systematic literature search in different medical databases was performed to identify randomized controlled trials comparing CHM as monotherapy or CHM as adjuvant therapy with western conventional medical therapy in the treatment of Wilson's disease. A total of 687 participants were included in nine eligible studies. The main findings are that CHM as monotherapy or adjuvant therapy for Wilson's disease may be able to improve the clinical symptoms, to promote the urinary copper excretion, to ameliorate liver function and/or liver cirrhosis, and has fewer adverse effects in comparison with western conventional medication. Furthermore, CHM generally appeared to be safe and well tolerated in patients with Wilson's disease. However, the evidence presented in this review are insufficient to warrant a clinical recommendation due to the generally low methodological quality of the included studies. In conclusion, CHM seems to be beneficial and safe for Wilson's disease, but high-quality evidences are still needed to further evaluate this therapy. Therefore, additional well-designed, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials are needed.

  4. Clinical Study on Treatment of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer by Chinese Herbal Medicine Combined with Bronchial Arterial Chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘城林; 王远东; 金学军; 刘丽萍; 喻庆薇; 蔡悦成

    2001-01-01

    To study the therapeutic effect of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) combined with bronchial arterial chemotherapy (BAC) in treating lung cancer.Methods: Ninety patients with mid-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were randomly divided into two groups. The 45 cases in Group A were treated with CHM combined with BAC and the 45 cases in Group B treated with BAC alone. The short-term and long-term effect, follow-up survival rate, quality of life, changes of clinical symptoms and peripheral blood figures in the patients were observed.Results: After treatment, the rate of CR+PR+NC in the two groups was 88.89% and 68.89% respectively, the inter-group comparison showed a significant difference (P<0.05). The 0.5-, 1- and 2-year survival rate in Group A was 75.56%, 55.56% and 48.89% respectively and in Group B 71.11%, 46.67% and 24.44% respectively. The 2-year survival rate in the former was better than that in the latter (P<0.05). Moreover, the improvement of clinical symptoms, Karnofsky scoring, body weight and peripheral blood figure in Group A was superior to those in Group B.Conclusion: Therapeutic effect of BAC could be enhanced by combining it with CHM.

  5. Effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine for cancer palliative care: overview of systematic reviews with meta-analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Vincent C H; Wu, Xinyin; Hui, Edwin P; Ziea, Eric T C; Ng, Bacon F L; Ho, Robin S T; Tsoi, Kelvin K F; Wong, Samuel Y S; Wu, Justin C Y

    2015-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicines (CHM) are often used in managing cancer related symptoms but their effectiveness and safety is controversial. We conducted this overview of meta-analyses to summarize evidence on CHM for cancer palliative care. We included systematic reviews (SRs) with meta-analyses of CHM clinical trials on patients diagnosed with any type of cancer. Methodological quality of included meta-analyses was assessed with the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) Instrument. Fifty-one SRs with meta-analyses were included. They covered patients with lung (20 SRs), gastric (8 SRs), colorectal (6 SRs), liver (6 SRs), breast (2 SRs), cervical (1 SR), esophageal (1 SR), and nasopharyngeal (1 SR) cancers. Six SRs summarized evidence on various types of cancer. Methodological quality of included meta-analyses was not satisfactory. Overall, favorable therapeutic effects in improving quality of life among cancer patients have been reported. Conflicting evidence exists for the effectiveness of CHM in prolonging survival and in reducing chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy related toxicities. No serious adverse effects were reported in all included studies. Evidence indicated that CHM could be considered as an option for improving quality of life among patients receiving palliative care. It is unclear if CHM may increase survival, or reduce therapy related toxicities.

  6. Anti-endotoxin and anti-inflammatory effects of Chinese herbal medicinal alkaloid ingredients in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yiyi; Mao, Aihua; Yu, Zhengyu; He, Kongwang

    2016-10-01

    The aim of the research was to investigate the anti-endotoxin and anti-inflammatory effects of sinomenine, fangchinoline, stachydrine, chuanxionggzine, oxymartrine, and evodiamine alkaloids commonly found in Chinese herbal medicines. In an endotoxin (LPS) control group, each mouse was challenged with 1 mg LPS/kg by intraperitoneal (IP) injection. In high-, middle- and low-dose alkaloid groups, mice were initially challenged with 1 mg LPS/kg by IP injection and, 3 h later, dosed intramuscularly (IM) with one of the six alkaloids at one of three levels (1, 5, or 10 mg/kg body weight). In the drug control group, mice were dosed IM with 10 mg/kg body weight of a given alkaloid; mice in a naïve control group were administered the same volume of normal saline. The results revealed the six alkaloids could reduce the incidence/severity of LPS- induced toxicities, e.g., body temperature elevation, weight loss, systemic inflammation, multiple organ dysfunction. Taken together, the data suggested to us that these alkaloids might effectively regulate inflammatory responses and have a potential to be used in anti-endotoxin therapies.

  7. Radix Astragali-Based Chinese Herbal Medicine for Oxaliplatin-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Background. Treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) remains a big challenge for oncologists. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Radix Astragali- (RA-) based Chinese herbal medicine in the prevention and treatment of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy, including the incidence and grading of neurotoxicity, effective percentage, and nerve conduction velocity. Methods. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were found using PubMed, Cochrane, Springer, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Database of China Science Periodical Database (CSPD) by keyword search. Meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.0. Results. A total of 1552 participants were included in 24 trials. Meta-analysis showed the incidence of all-grade neurotoxicity was significantly lower in experimental groups and high-grade neurotoxicity was also significantly less. Effective percentage was significantly higher and sensory nerve conduction velocity was improved significantly, but changes in motor nerve conduction velocity were not statistically significant. No adverse events associated with RA-based intervention were reported. Conclusion. RA-based intervention may be beneficial in relieving oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. However, more double-blind, multicenter, large-scale RCTs are needed to support this theory. Trial Registration. PROSPERO International prospective register of systematic reviews has registration number  CRD42015019903.

  8. Statistical modeling methods to analyze the impacts of multiunit process variability on critical quality attributes of Chinese herbal medicine tablets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Fei; Xu, Bing; Zhang, Yi; Dai, Shengyun; Yang, Chan; Cui, Xianglong; Shi, Xinyuan; Qiao, Yanjiang

    2016-01-01

    The quality of Chinese herbal medicine tablets suffers from batch-to-batch variability due to a lack of manufacturing process understanding. In this paper, the Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) immediate release tablet was taken as the research subject. By defining the dissolution of five active pharmaceutical ingredients and the tablet tensile strength as critical quality attributes (CQAs), influences of both the manipulated process parameters introduced by an orthogonal experiment design and the intermediate granules' properties on the CQAs were fully investigated by different chemometric methods, such as the partial least squares, the orthogonal projection to latent structures, and the multiblock partial least squares (MBPLS). By analyzing the loadings plots and variable importance in the projection indexes, the granule particle sizes and the minimal punch tip separation distance in tableting were identified as critical process parameters. Additionally, the MBPLS model suggested that the lubrication time in the final blending was also important in predicting tablet quality attributes. From the calculated block importance in the projection indexes, the tableting unit was confirmed to be the critical process unit of the manufacturing line. The results demonstrated that the combinatorial use of different multivariate modeling methods could help in understanding the complex process relationships as a whole. The output of this study can then be used to define a control strategy to improve the quality of the PNS immediate release tablet.

  9. Evaluation of humic substances during co-composting of food waste, sawdust and Chinese medicinal herbal residues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Ying; Selvam, Ammaiyappan; Wong, Jonathan W C

    2014-09-01

    Humification during co-composting of food waste, sawdust and Chinese medicinal herbal residues (CMHRs) was investigated to reveal its correlation with compost maturity. Food waste, sawdust and CMHRs were mixed at 5:5:1 and 1:1:1 (dry weight basis) while food waste:sawdust at 1:1 (dry wt. basis) served as control. Lime at 2.25% was added to all the treatments to alleviate low pH, and composted for 56 days. Humic acid/fulvic acid (HA/FA) ratio increased to 0.5, 2.0 and 3.6 in the control and treatment at 5:5:1, and 1:1:1 mixing ratio, respectively at the end of composting. The decrease in aliphatic organics in HA demonstrated the degradation of the readily available organics, while an increase in aromatic functional groups indicated the maturity of compost. Disappearance of hemicellulose and weak intensity of lignin in the CMHRs treatments indicated that the lignin provided the nucleus for HA formation; and the CMHRs accelerated the compost maturity.

  10. Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicinal Ingredients on IL-2 mRNA Levels of T Lymphocytes in Mice Measured Using Semiquantification RT-PCR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHU Yue-feng; YAN Xin-min; LI Xiang-rui; HU Yuan-liang

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the IL-2 mRNA levels of T lymphocytes in normal mice stimulated by nine Chinese herbal medicinal ingredients (CHMIs) were measured using semiquantification reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that astragalus polysaccharide (APS), epimedium polysaccharide (EPS), Chinese angelica polysaccharide (CAPS), propolis flavone (PF), and astrogalosides (AS) promoted IL-2 mRNA levels in T lymphocytes in vitro and in vivo to differing degrees, and the level of IL-2 mRNA induced by propolis polysaccharide (PPS) in vitro was higher than that induced by the control, which differed from that of PPS in vivo.

  11. Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    2009013 Clinical observation on treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis with Chinese herbal medicine. SHENG Zhenghe(盛正和), et al.Dept TCM, 5th Affili Hosp, Guangxi Med Univ, Guangxi 545001. Chin J Integr Tradit West Med 2008;28(11):990-993. Objective To study the efficacy and safety of Chinese drugs for expelling evil-wind, removing dampness, promoting blood circulation and invigorating yin in treating active rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

  12. Study on the Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Regulating Peritoneal Lymphatic Stomata and Enhancing Drainage of Ascites in Mice with Liver Fibrosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李继承; 袁淑慧; 赵坚培; 吕志连

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To observe the regulating effect of Chinese herbal medicine on peritoneal lymphatic stomata and its significance in treating ascites in liver fibrosis model mice. Methods: Two Chinese herbal compound prescriptions were used separately to treat the carbon tetrachloride induced mouse model of liver fibrosis, the histo-pathologic changes in mice were observed by using scanning electron microscope and processed by computer image processing. The changes of urinary volume and sodium ion concentration were measured, too.Results: In the treated group, the histo-pathologic changes were significantly less than those in the control group, the peritoneal lymphatic stomata enlarged with increased number of opening and higher density in distribution and the urinary volume and sodium ion excretion increased after treatment. Conclusion: Chinese herbal medicine has marked effect in alleviating liver fibrosis, regulating peritoneal lymphatic stomata, improving the drainage of ascites from peritoneal cavity, causing increase of urinary volume and sodium ion excretion to reduce water and sodium retention, and thus have favorable therapeutic effect in treating ascites.

  13. Study on Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome with Infertility by Combined Therapy of Chinese Herbal Medicine and Compound Cyproterone Acetate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAO Li-li (陶莉莉); CHEN Xiao-ping (陈小平); GU Zheng-tian (顾正田)

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of combined therapy of Chinese herbal medicine and compound cyproterone acetate (CPA) in treating non-obesity polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and to explore its mechanism in improving withdrawal ovulation. Methods:Eighty-six patients of non-obesity PCOS, typed as Shen-deficiency with blood stasis Syndrome or Shen-deficiency with Phlegm-Dampness Syndrome by Syndrome Differentiation in traditional Chines medicine, were randomly divided into three groups: (1) The TCM group (n=26) was treated with Chinese drugs for 6 menstrual cycles; (2) The western medicine (WM) group (n=30) was treated with 1 tablet of CPA for 21 days, with the treatment beginning from the 5th day of menstruation. The treatment was given for 3 menstrual cycles by repetitious medication, which stopped and restarted on the 5th day of withdrawal bleeding. Then the ovulation promoting therapy was applied by using clomifene citrate and human chorionic gonadotropin (CC/Hcg) for 3 menstrual cycles; (3) The TCM-WM group (n=30) was treated with the medications used for the above two groups. The menstrual cycle, the volume and duration of the menstruation, as well as the improvement of acne and pilosis [Ferriman-Gallway (F-G) scoring]were observed after 3 cycles ended. Moreover, condition of ovulation was monitored by B-ultrasonography at the 4th-6th cycle and status of pregnancy was observed. Results: Compared with before treatment, the blood level of luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone (T) in all 3 groups after treatment significantly decreased (P<0.05), with its ratio to follicle-stimulating hormone (LH/FSH) recovered to normal, but without markedly change in levels of FSH, estradiol (E2) and prolactin (PRL). The menstrual cycle in most patients got regular and acne significantly alleviated (P<0.05), and the improvement of infrequent menstruation and acne was better in the WM group and the TCM-WM group than that in the TCM group, but pilosis showed no significant

  14. Prescription of Chinese Herbal Medicine and Selection of Acupoints in Pattern-Based Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment for Insomnia: A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Wing-Fai Yeung; Ka-Fai Chung; Maggie Man-Ki Poon; Fiona Yan-Yee Ho; Shi-Ping Zhang; Zhang-Jin Zhang; Eric Tat-Chi Ziea; Vivian Wong Taam

    2012-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatments are often prescribed based on individuals' pattern diagnoses. A systematic review of Chinese and English literatures on TCM pattern differentiation, treatment principle, and pattern-based treatment for insomnia has therefore been conducted. A total of 227 studies, 17916 subjects, and 87 TCM patterns were analyzed. There was a limited consistency in pattern-based TCM treatment of insomnia across practitioners. Except for Gui Pi Tang, An Shen Ding Z...

  15. Cerebrospinal Fluid Pharmacology: An Improved Pharmacology Approach for Chinese Herbal Medicine Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-qing Wu

    2013-01-01

    modern medicine. Moreover, the advancements in CSFP will bring about a conceptual move in active ingredients discovery of CHM and make a significant contribution to CHM modernization and globalization.

  16. Chinese Herbal Medicine as an Adjunctive Therapy for Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libing Zhu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Chinese herbal medicine (CHM has been widely used as an adjunctive therapy for breast cancer, while its efficacy remains unexplored. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of CHM combined with chemotherapy for breast cancer. The study results showed that CHM combined with chemotherapy significantly increased tumor response and KPS as compared to using chemotherapy alone (RR = 1.36; 95% CI = 1.24–1.48; P<0.00001; RR = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.26–1.52; P<0.00001, resp.. Besides, CHM as an adjunctive therapy significantly reduced the nausea and vomiting at toxicity grade of III–IV (RR = 0.37; 95% CI = 0.27–0.52; P<0.00001. Moreover, the combined therapy significantly prevented the decline of WBC in patients under chemotherapy at toxicity grade of III–IV (RR = 0.49; 95% CI = 0.34–0.69; P<0.00001 and prevented the decline of platelet at toxicity grade of III–IV or I–IV (RR = 0.29; 95% CI = 0.12–0.73; P=0.008; RR = 0.77; 95% CI = 0.63–0.94; P=0.009, resp.. This study suggests that CHM combined with chemotherapy in comparison with chemotherapy alone can significantly enhance tumor response, improve KPS, and alleviate toxicity induced by chemotherapy in breast cancer patients. However, a firm conclusion could not be reached due to the lack of high quality trials and large-scale RCTs, so further trials with higher quality and larger scale are needed.

  17. Increase of insulin sensitivity in diabetic rats received Die-Huang-Wan, a herbal mixture used in Chinese traditional medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Yang-Chang; HSU Jen-Hao; LIU I-Min; LIOU Shorong-Shii; SU Hui-Chen; CHENG Juei-Tang

    2002-01-01

    AIM: Effects on insulin sensitivity of Die-Huang-Wan, the herbal mixture widely used to treat diabetic disorder in Chinese traditional medicine, were investigated in vivo. METHODS: The obese Zucker rats were employed as insulin-resistant animal model. Also, insulin-resistance was induced by the repeated intraperitoneal injections of long-acting human insulin at 0.5 U/kg three times daily into adult male Wistar rats. Insulin resistance was identified using the loss of tolbutamide (10 mg/kg) or electroacupuncture (EA)-induced plasma glucose lowering action. The plasma glucose concentration was examined by glucose oxidase assay. RESULTS: The plasma glucose-lowering action induced by tolbutamide was significantly enhanced in obese Zucker rats receiving the repeated administration of Die-Huang-Wan at dosage of 26 mg/kg for 3 d. Furthermore, administration of Die-Huang-Wan delayed the formation of insulin resistance in rats that were induced by the daily repeated injection of human long-acting insulin at 0.5 U/kg three times daily and identified by the loss of tolbutamide- or EA-induced hypoglycemia. In streptozotocininduced diabetic rats, oral administration of metformin at 320 mg/kg once daily made an increase of the response to exogenous short-acting human insulin 15 d later. This is consistent with the view that metformin can increase insulin sensitivity. Similar treatment with Die-Huang-Wan at an effective dose (26.0 mg/kg) also increased the plasma glucose lowering action of exogenous insulin at 10 d later. The effect of Die-Huang-Wan on insulin sensitivity seems to produce more rapidly than that of metformin. CONCLUSION: The present study found that oral administration of Die-Huang-Wan increased insulin sensitivity and delayed the development of insulin resistance in rats.

  18. The Therapeutic Effects of the Chinese Herbal Medicine, Lang Chuang Fang Granule, on Lupus-Prone MRL/lpr Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai-Peng Huang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a chronic autoimmune disease that leads to severe multiorgan damage. Lang Chuang Fang (LCF is a Chinese herbal medicine that is clinically prescribed for treating SLE. In this study, we examined the therapeutic effects of LCF granule on lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice. Female mice were randomly separated into six groups, and LCF treatment groups received LCF granule at the dosage of 0.97 g/kg/d, 1.95 g/kg/d, and 3.90 g/kg/d, respectively. Here, we found that, compared to the MRL/lpr mice, both the spleen coefficient and thymus coefficient were reduced in the LCF granule-treated mice. There was a marked downregulation in CRP and anti-dsDNA autoantibody and an evident upregulation of CH50 in LCF granule-treated mice. LCF granule treatment also obviously reduced the proteinuria, BUN, and SCr levels in MRL/lpr mice at the dosage of 0.97 g/kg/d, 1.95 g/kg/d, and 3.90 g/kg/d, indicating that LCF granule alleviated the renal injury of MRL/lpr mice. Furthermore, LCF granule decreased p65 NF-κB levels and increased Sirt1 and Nrf2 levels in the kidney tissues of MRL/lpr mice, which might elucidate the beneficial effects of LCF on lupus nephritis. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that LCF granule has therapeutic effects on lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice.

  19. Herbal medicine in the treatment of ulcerative colitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Ke

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ulcerative colitis (UC is a refractory, chronic, and nonspecific disease occurred usually in the rectum and the entire colon. The etiopathology is probably related to dysregulation of the mucosal immune response toward the resident bacterial flora together with genetic and environmental factors. Several types of medications are used to control the inflammation or reduce symptoms. Herbal medicine includes a wide range of practices and therapies outside the realms of conventional Western medicine. However, there are limited controlled evidences indicating the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicines, such as aloe vera gel, wheat grass juice, Boswellia serrata, and bovine colostrum enemas in the treatment of UC. Although herbal medicines are not devoid of risk, they could still be safer than synthetic drugs. The potential benefits of herbal medicine could lie in their high acceptance by patients, efficacy, relative safety, and relatively low cost. Patients worldwide seem to have adopted herbal medicine in a major way, and the efficacy of herbal medicine has been tested in hundreds of clinical trials in the management of UC. The evidences on herbal medicine are incomplete, complex, and confusing, and certainly associated with both risks and benefits. There is a need for further controlled clinical trials of the potential efficacy of herbal medicine approaches in the treatment of UC, together with enhanced legislation to maximize their quality and safety.

  20. Herbal medicine in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Fei; Yadav, Praveen Kumar; Ju, Liu Zhan

    2012-01-01

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a refractory, chronic, and nonspecific disease occurred usually in the rectum and the entire colon. The etiopathology is probably related to dysregulation of the mucosal immune response toward the resident bacterial flora together with genetic and environmental factors. Several types of medications are used to control the inflammation or reduce symptoms. Herbal medicine includes a wide range of practices and therapies outside the realms of conventional Western medicine. However, there are limited controlled evidences indicating the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicines, such as aloe vera gel, wheat grass juice, Boswellia serrata, and bovine colostrum enemas in the treatment of UC. Although herbal medicines are not devoid of risk, they could still be safer than synthetic drugs. The potential benefits of herbal medicine could lie in their high acceptance by patients, efficacy, relative safety, and relatively low cost. Patients worldwide seem to have adopted herbal medicine in a major way, and the efficacy of herbal medicine has been tested in hundreds of clinical trials in the management of UC. The evidences on herbal medicine are incomplete, complex, and confusing, and certainly associated with both risks and benefits. There is a need for further controlled clinical trials of the potential efficacy of herbal medicine approaches in the treatment of UC, together with enhanced legislation to maximize their quality and safety.

  1. Herbal medicines for children: an illusion of safety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomassoni, A J; Simone, K

    2001-04-01

    Herbal medicaments are in common use. In general, the judicious use of carefully selected and prepared herbal medications seems to cause few adverse effects and may be beneficial. However, toxic effects of these products have been reported with increasing frequency. Infants and children may be even more susceptible to some of the adverse effects and toxicity of these products because of differences in physiology, immature metabolic enzyme systems, and dose per body weight. Although information promoting the use of herbal medicine is widespread, true evidence-based information about the efficacy and safety of herbal medications is limited. Although the most conservative approach is to recommend against use of herbal medicine until such evidence is available, some patients are not receptive to this approach. A reasonable approach for health care providers may be to follow such use closely, assist in herbal therapeutic decisions, and monitor for adverse effects and interactions. This manuscript discusses general concepts about herbal medicines, public health implications, and a framework for mechanisms of adverse effects from the use of botanicals. Adverse effects and toxicity of selected herbal products, including Chinese herbal medicines, are presented. The authors propose a risk reduction approach in which physicians actively seek information about the use of complementary or alternative medicine while taking medical histories.

  2. Cytoprotective properties of traditional Chinese medicinal herbal extracts in hydrogen peroxide challenged human U373 astroglia cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Megan L; Truong, John; Govindaraghavan, Suresh; Ooi, Lezanne; Sucher, Nikolaus J; Münch, Gerald

    2013-04-01

    Age is the leading risk factor for many of the most prevalent and devastating diseases including neurodegenerative diseases. A number of herbal medicines have been used for centuries to ameliorate the deleterious effects of ageing-related diseases and increase longevity. Oxidative stress is believed to play a role in normal ageing as well as in neurodegenerative processes. Since many of the constituents of herbal extracts are known antioxidants, it is believed that restoring oxidative balance may be one of the underlying mechanisms by which medicinal herbs can protect against ageing and cognitive decline. Based on the premise that astrocytes are key modulators in the progression of oxidative stress associated neurodegenerative diseases, 13 herbal extracts purported to possess anti-ageing properties were tested for their ability to protect U373 human astrocytes from hydrogen peroxide induced cell death. To determine the contribution of antioxidant activity to the cytoprotective ability of extracts, total phenol content and radical scavenging capacities of extracts were examined. Polygonum multiflorum, amongst others, was identified as possessing potent antioxidant and cytoprotective properties. Not surprisingly, total phenol content of extracts was strongly correlated with antioxidant capacity. Interestingly, when total phenol content and radical scavenging capacities of extracts were compared to the cytoprotective properties of extracts, only moderately strong correlations were observed. This finding suggests the involvement of multiple protective mechanisms in the beneficial effects of these medicinal herbs.

  3. 中药中速灭威残留量的酶联免疫检测方法%Metolcarb Residue Analysis Using ELISA in Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曙光; 王俊平; 生威; 张燕; 王硕

    2012-01-01

    A direct competitive ELISA was established in detecting Metolcarb residues in Chinese herbal medicines, such as Lonicera chrysantha.Lycium chinense, Radix Ginseng, Radix Isatidis, Folium lsatidis and Yuanhu painkillers. After Lo-nicera chrysantha and so on were mashed and homogenized, methanolextraction, rotary steaming, and PBS were used to make up to volume. Moderate dilution then could eliminate the influence of matrix, which was detected by ELISA. In Chinese herbal medicines.the recovery rate was 66%-91%,with variation coefficient less than 30%. The method is simple, quick, sensitive and accurate in detecting the Metolcarb residues in Chinese herbal medicines.%建立了直接竞争酶联免寝法(ELISA)测定金银花、枸杞、人参、板蓝根、大青叶和圆弧止痛片为代表的中药中速灭威的残留量.金银花等经过粉碎,加入甲醇提取、旋蒸、PBS复溶等简单前处理之后,再经过适度的稀释可以达到消除基质影响,用ELISA进行测定.中药样品添加回收率为64.00% ~ 91.30%.变异系数均小于30.12%.结果表明,该方法可以简单、快速、灵敏、准确地检测出金银花、枸杞、人参、板蓝根、大青叶和圆弧止痛片等中药中速灭威的残留量.

  4. Local use of iontophoresis with traditional Chinese herbal medicine, e.g., Gu-Sui-Bu (Rhizoma Drynariae may accelerate orthodontic tooth movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongming Li

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Mechanical force is not the only means to cause tooth movement, but just one kind of stimuli for it. Biological stimuli, with potential of accelerating alveolar bone remodeling, other than mechanical force, have been attracted by orthodontists who are combating prolonged treatment duration. It has been approved that some traditional Chinese medicines, such as Gu-Sui-Bu (Rhizoma Drynaria, affect the process of bone remodeling. The Hypothesis: We make the hypothesis that local use of iontophoresis with Gu-Sui-Bu (Rhizoma Drynaria as a non-invasive and safe drug delivery system with no trauma, risk of infection or damage to patients is a new potential approach for accelerating orthodontic tooth movement, and shorten the orthodontic treatment time. Evaluation of the Hypothesis: Gu-Sui-Bu is effective at inducing bone remodeling, and iontophoresis as a non-invasive technique for drug delivery, is suitable for the transmission of some traditional Chinese herbal medicines into periodontal tissues.

  5. Chinese Herbal Medicine and Acupuncture Used for Rehabilitation of the Impaired Urinary System in Patients with Paraplegia -A Report of 52 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹颖; 周文艳

    2005-01-01

    @@ Infection of the urinary system is frequently seen in the paraplegic patients with urinary complications,which is one of the main reasons for the late death in such cases. The effects of the therapeutic method adopted for the urinary rehabilitation are directly related to the life quality and survival time of the paraplegic patients. Since 1999-2002, the authors had applied Chinese herbal medicine combined with acupuncture for the urinary rehabilitation in 52 paraplegic patients, with quite good therapeuticresults as reported in the following.

  6. Study on the Disease Prevention of Silver Carps Bighead by Chinese Herbal Medicine%中草药对鲢鳙鱼病害防治研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨军; 刘远高; 邹四新; 何志刚; 袁祖菊

    2013-01-01

    通过人工感染鲢鳙鱼试验研究了五倍子、大黄、地锦草、苦楝、白头翁、乌桕、辣蓼及铁苋菜对鲢鳙鱼常见病害的治疗效果.结果表明,中草药对于其常见病害具有一定的防治作用,为鲢鳙鱼病害防治提供了参考.%Effect of gallnut,rhubarb,humifuse euphorbia herb,neem,Chinese pulsatilla root,Chinese tallow tree,red-knees herb and copperleaf therapeutic on silver carps bighead common diseases were studied by artificial infection test.The results showed that Chinese herbal medicine for the common disease had a certain control effect,which provided some references for disease prevention and treatment of silver carps bighead.

  7. Research on Compound Chinese Herbal Medicine against Newcastle Disease Virus Activity in vitro%复方中药体外抗新城疫病毒活性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵增成; 林树乾; 傅剑; 黄中利

    2013-01-01

    In order to screen efficient Chinese herbal medicine against Newcastle disease virus, 8 kinds of compound Chinese herbal medicine against Newcastle disease virus were determined by chick embryo test. The result showed that some compound Chinese herbal medicine had better inhibition effect, including jingfang baidu powder, yinqiao powder,baitouweng decoction and shuanghuanlian oral liquid.%为了筛选出高效的抗新城疫病毒中药,采用鸡胚接种试验,对8种经典清热解毒复方中药的抗新城疫病毒效果进行了测定.结果表明,荆防败毒散、银翘散、白头翁汤、双黄连口服液在体外对新城疫病毒具有较好的抑制作用.

  8. Progress in studies of huperzine A, a natural cholinesterase inhibitor from Chinese herbal medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rui WANG; Han YAN; Xi-can TANG

    2006-01-01

    Huperzine A (HupA), a novel alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herb Huperzia serrata, is a potent, highly specific and reversible inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Compared with tacrine, donepezil, and rivastigmine, HupA has better penetration through the blood-brain barrier, higher oral bioavailability, and longer duration of AChE inhibitory action. HupA has been found to improve cognitive deficits in a broad range of animal models. HupA possesses the ability to protect cells against hydrogen peroxide, β-amyloid protein (or peptide), glutamate,ischemia and staurosporine-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis. These protective effects are related to its ability to attenuate oxidative stress, regulate the expression of apoptotic proteins Bcl-2, Bax, P53, and caspase-3, protect mitochondria, upregulate nerve growth factor and its receptors, and interfere with amyloid precursor protein metabolism. Antagonizing effects of HupA on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors and potassium currents may also contribute to its neuroprotection as well. Pharmacokinetic studies in rodents, canines, and healthy human volunteers indicated that HupA was absorbed rapidly, distributed widely in the body, and eliminated at a moderate rate with the property of slow and prolonged release after oral administration. Animal and clinical safety tests showed that HupA had no unexpected toxicity, particularly the dose-limiting hepatotoxicity induced by tacrine. The phase Ⅳ clinical trials in China have demonstrated that HupA significantly improved memory deficits in elderly people with benign senescent forgetfulness, and patients with Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia, with minimal peripheral cholinergic side effects and no unexpected toxicity. HupA can also be used as a protective agent against organophosphate intoxication.

  9. External Application of Herbal Medicine to Acupoints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Application of herbal medicine to acupoints is to regulate the meridians, yin-yang, and qi and blood for preventing and treating diseases through the pharmacological action of herbal medicines and with their stimulation to the acupoints. This article explains how to apply herbal medicines and gave the examples for the treatment of hypertension, asthma, chronic bronchitis and allergic rhinitis. Application of herbal medicines to acupoints is one of the important components of TCM, which shows satisfactory effects in treatment of some chronic diseases.

  10. The journey,gain,and thought from engaging in the research of Chinese herbal medicines in China,Japan,and United States%The journey, gain, and thought from engaging in the research of Chinese herbal medicines in China, Japan, and United States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUYan-ze; DENG Zhu-ping

    2011-01-01

    Since early 80s of last century,Chinese herbal medicines focused on the isolation and structural identification of active/chemical compounds have being investigated,started the journey from Henan College of Traditional Chinese Medicine.After one year (1985~ 1986) advanced study in Prof.Jingxi Xie's laboratory in the Institute of Materia Medica,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in Beijing,further studies in Prof.Takuo Okuda's laboratory,Okayama University,Japan as a guest researcher from 1988 to 1992 opened a fresh and amazing gate of tannin chemistry.Near 10 years'investigation of tannins and related polyphenols from Chinese herbal medicines,supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China and other grants,some typical herbs containing tannins and related polyphenols as major active components have been in-depth studied,such as Loropetalum chinense,Epilobium angustifolium,Rhodmyrtus tomentosa,Lythrum salicaria,Epilobium pyrricholophum,Rodgersia podoph ylla,Punica granatum,Euphorbia humifusa,and Cornus of ficinalis etc.Hundreds of diversified tannins and related polyphenols have been isolated including monomer,dimmer,trimer of ellagitannins and C-glycosidic tannins etc.

  11. 中草药对牙鲆免疫力的影响%Effect of Chinese herbal medicine on immunity of flounder Paralich thvs olivaceus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞; 马驰原; 李雅娟; 姜志强; 王斌; 姚远; 孔相铁

    2011-01-01

    vFlounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)juveniles, (22.89± 12.60)g, were stocked in circulating water and temperature controlled channels and fed the diets containing 1%, 3% and 5% Chinese herbal medicine. On the 15th, 30th and 45th day, serological immunological index were analyzed. Histology section of epithelium and the number of mucus cells were observed under microscope. Noxious experiment with injecting Edwardsiella Tarda into the back muscle was carried. Results showed that the number of white blood cells, the active of lysozyme, alkaline phosphatasein and the total protein in serum were increased as the inrising of concentration of Chinese herbal medicine and the sustained time under the condition of 3% and 5%. Complement C3 and superoxide dismutase were increased after feeding the diets containing 5% Chinese herbal medicine. Numbers of mucus cells in the skin, the index of spleen and rate of the immune protection were positive correlated with the concentration of Chinese herbal medicine and sustained time. The rate of immune protection was as high as 80% in 5% concentration group. It showed that feeding Chinese herbal medicine added in could improve the flounder's immunity.%以初始体重为(22.89±12.60)g的牙鲆幼鱼为试验对象,在室内控温循环水槽中进行中草药对牙鲆免疫力影响的试验.向基础饲料中添加的中草药含量分别为1%、3%和5%,经过15、30和45 d后分别取血清进行免疫指标的分析测定,取鱼表皮进行常规组织学制片,在光学显微镜下观察粘液细胞的数量变化.饲喂实验结束时通过背部肌肉注射爱得华氏菌进行攻毒实验.结果表明,以3%和5%浓度中草药的牙鲆混合饲料饲喂45 d后牙鲆血液中白细胞数、碱性磷酸酶活性、溶菌酶活性和血清总蛋白含量随中草药添加浓度和投喂时间的增加而增多;而在添加量5%的条件下,补体C3的含量和超氧化物歧化酶活性较对照组有明显增加.牙

  12. Globalization of Traditional Chinese Medicinal products And New Regulatory Structures in the European Union

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Emiel Van Galen; Burt Kroes

    2009-01-01

    @@ Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) , Registration, EU pharmaceutical legislation, Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products, tHMP, quality, safety, efficacy, traditional use, EMEA, European Medicines Agency, European Pharmacopoeia, Herbal Medicinal Products Committee, HMPC, Community Monographs, Commu-nity List.

  13. Anti-colorectal cancer effects of traditional Chinese herbal medicine: Research progress%中药抗结直肠癌作用的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周喜汉; 黄赞松; 向发良

    2013-01-01

    Colorectal cancer is a common malignant tumor of the digestive system,and its incidence has an upward trend in China.In recent years,the role of traditional Chinese herbal medicine in treatment of colorectal cancer has attracted the attention of researchers.Traditional Chinese medicine exerts anti-colorectal cancer effects by inhibiting tumor cell proliferation and migration,inducing cell apoptosis and autophagy,reducing telomerase activity and vascular endothelial growth factor production,and arresting cell cycle progression.This paper summarizes the progress in research of anti-colorectal cancer effects of traditional Chinese herbal medicine in terms of mechanisms of action and clinical applications.%大肠癌是常见的消化系恶性肿瘤之一,其发病率在我国呈逐年上升趋势.近年来,中药治疗大肠癌已受到研究者的关注.研究发现,中药具有抗结肠癌的作用,主要通过抑制肿瘤细胞增殖、促进细胞凋亡、抑制端粒酶活性、阻滞细胞周期进展、抑制结肠癌血管内皮生长因子形成、诱导结肠癌细胞自噬、抑制结肠癌细胞迁移等多种途径.本文就中药抗大肠癌的作用机制、实验研究及临床应用进行综述.

  14. Study on the Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Regulating Peritoneal Lymphatic Stomata and Enhancing Drainage of Ascites in Mice with Liver Fibrosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    [1]Ballardini G, Fallani M, Biagini G, et al. Desmin and actin in the identification Ito cells and in monitoring their evolution to myofibroblasts in experimental liver fibrosis. Virchows Achiv B Cell Pathol 1998;56(1):45-49.[2]Runyon BA, Sugano S, Kanel G. A rodent model of cirrhosis, ascites, and bacterial peritonitis. Gastroenterology 1991;100(3):489-493.[3]LI J, LI YH, XUE JC, et al. Protective effect of Tanshinine on experimental damage of hepatocytes. Chinese J of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine on Liver Dis 1996;6(3):29-31.[4]WANG LT. The cytological mechanism of Chinese herbal medicines in antagonizing liver fibrosis. Chinese J of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine on Liver Dis 1997;7(4):249-252.[5]LI J, YU S. Study on the ultrastructure of the peritoneal stomata in humans. Acta Anat 1991;141(1):26-31.[6]LI J, LU Z, WU N, et al. A scanning electron microscopy and computer image processing morphometric study of the pharmacological regulation of patency of the peritoneal stomata. Acta Anat 1996;178(5):443-447.

  15. Clinical Observation on the Combined Treatment of 57 Cases of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Using Argon-Helium Cryosurgery and Chinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of the combined therapy using argon-helium cryosurgery (Ar-He knife) and Chinese herbal medicine in treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods: Fifty-seven patients of NSCLC were treated with the combined therapy and observed. Results:The treatment was successfully completed in all patients with mild adverse reactions. The effective rate was 83.8% 3 months after the operation, 79.6% 6 months after the operation, and 77.3% 12 months after the operation, with median survival of 9 months. The survival rate after 12 months was 46.67%(21/45), 34.62% (9/26) after 18 months, and 36.36% (4/11) after 24 months. Conclusion: Argon-helium cryosurgery therapy is superior in its assured orientation, quick tumor load deprivation and less postoperational reaction. Combined with Chinese herbal medication, Argon-helium cryosurgery therapy can prolong survival time, relieve clinical symptoms, and elevate the quality of life in NSCLC patients, and is thus worthy of promotion.

  16. A Comparative Study of Selected Trace Element Content in Malay and Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicine (THM Using an Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharifah Mohamad

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available A total of 60 products of traditional herbal medicine (THM in various dosage forms of herbal preparation were analyzed to determine selected trace elements (i.e., Zn, Mn, Cu, Cd, and Se using ICP-MS. Thirty types of both Chinese and Malay THMs were chosen to represent each population. The closed vessel acid microwave digestion method, using CEM MARS 5, was employed for the extraction of the selected trace elements. The digestion method applied was validated by using certified reference material from the Trace Element in Spinach Leaves (SRM1570a. The recoveries of all elements were found to be in the range of 85.3%–98.9%. The results indicated that Zn, Mn, Cu, Cd and Se have their own trends of concentrations in all samples studied. The daily intake concentrations of the elements were in the following order: Mn > Zn > Cu > Se > Cd. Concentrations of all five elements were found to be dominant in Chinese THMs. The essentiality of the selected trace elements was also assessed, based on the recommended daily allowance (RDA, adequate intake (AI and the United States Pharmacopeia (USP for trace elements as reference. The concentrations of all elements studied were below the RDA, AI and USP values, which fall within the essential concentration range, except for cadmium.

  17. Interference-free spectrofluorometric quantification of aristolochic acid I and aristololactam I in five Chinese herbal medicines using chemical derivatization enhancement and second-order calibration methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yong; Wu, Hai-Long; Yin, Xiao-Li; Gu, Hui-Wen; Xiao, Rong; Wang, Li; Fang, Huan; Yu, Ru-Qin

    2017-03-01

    A rapid interference-free spectrofluorometric method combined with the excitation-emission matrix fluorescence and the second-order calibration methods based on the alternating penalty trilinear decomposition (APTLD) and the self-weighted alternating trilinear decomposition (SWATLD) algorithms, was proposed for the simultaneous determination of nephrotoxic aristolochic acid I (AA-I) and aristololactam I (AL-I) in five Chinese herbal medicines. The method was based on a chemical derivatization that converts the non-fluorescent AA-I to high-fluorescent AL-I, achieving a high sensitive and simultaneous quantification of the analytes. The variables of the derivatization reaction that conducted by using zinc powder in acetose methanol aqueous solution, were studied and optimized for best quantification results of AA-I and AL-I. The satisfactory results of AA-I and AL-I for the spiked recovery assay were achieved with average recoveries in the range of 100.4-103.8% and RMSEPs green alternative for the quantification of AA-I and AL-I in complex herbal medicine matrices without any prior separations and clear-up processes.

  18. Advance Research on Anti-gout Effects of Chinese Herbal Medicine%抗痛风中草药的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小军; 谢丽莎; 唐文均; 龚志强

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT:With the development of society and improvement of human living standards,the incidence of gout dis-ease is increasing,accompanied with younger occurrence trend.Gout disease is caused by sodium crystals deposition in the joints and surrounding tissues,which characterized by disorders of purine metabolism.The drugs in western medicine commonly used for anti-gout are colchicine,non-steroidalanti-inflammatory drugs,adrenocorticotropic hor-mone and glucocorticoid.In recent years,Chinese herbal anti-gout medicine research has made great progress.The paper reviews the Chinese herbal anti-gout medicine.%随着社会发展和人类生活水平的提高,痛风疾病的发病率不断增加并且还伴着发病年龄出现低龄化趋势。痛风是一种以高尿酸血症导致尿酸钠晶体在关节及其周围组织沉积为特征的嘌呤代谢性疾病。在西药上常用来抗痛风的药物有秋水仙碱、非甾体类抗炎药、促肾上腺皮质激素、糖皮质激素等。近年来抗痛风药物中草药的研究也取得很大进步,本文就有关抗痛风中草药的研究进行综述。

  19. 21种中草药提取物对MRSA的抗菌作用研究%Antibacterial Effects of 21 Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicine on MRSA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅若秋; 余琼; 孟德胜; 卢来春; 张雪梅

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究21种中草药提取物对11株耐甲氧西林金黄色葡萄球菌(MRSA)的体外抗茵作用.方法:采用96孔板培养法和涂片法测定各提取物对MRSA的抑茵率及杀菌率.结果:仙鹤草、半枝莲、夏枯草等8种中草药对MRSA具有较强的抗菌活性,其中仙鹤草醇提物、半枝莲水提物抑茵活性最强,浓度为6.25 mg·mL-1时抑茵率均达100%;仙鹤草水提物的杀茵活性最强,浓度为25 mg·mL-1时杀菌率迭100%.结论:仙鹤草、半枝莲提取物具有明显的抗MRSA作用.%OBJECTIVE: To study the antibacterial effects of 21 extracts of Chinese herbal medicine on MRS A in vitro. METHODS: The antibacterial ratio and bactericidal rate of each extract of Chinese herbal medicine were determined by 96-well multiwell plates and direct smear method. RESULTS: 8 Chinese herbal medicines had antibacterial activities on MRSA, such as Agrimoniapi-losa, Scutellaria barbata and Prunella vulgaris. The ethanol extracts of A. Pilosa and water extracts of S. Barbata had the strongest antibacterial activity, and the antibacterial ratio of them reached 100% as the concentrations of them were 6.25 mg·mL'-1 The bactericidal rate of water extracts of A. Pilosa was the highest, reaching 100% as the concentration of it was 25 mg·mL'-1 CONCLUSION: The extracts of A. Pilosa and S. Barbata show clear antibacterial effects on MRSA.

  20. 医用乳酸菌对常用中草药的耐药性试验%Drug resistance test of medicinal lactic acid bacteria to common Chinese herbal medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世荣; 杨丙田; 宋青楠; 王延秋; 王霞

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究医用乳酸菌对几种常用中草药的耐药性,为医用乳酸菌与中草药的临床合并应用提供理论依据.方法 将中草药制成煎剂,通过琼脂扩散方法进行耐药性试验.结果 5种医用乳酸菌对黄连均表现出中度敏感,对黄芩表现微弱敏感.结论 5种医用乳酸菌对大部分中草药(包括有抗菌和抑菌作用的中草药)不敏感.%Objective To study (he drug resistance of medicinal lactic acid bacteria to several common Chinese herbal medicines, and provide theoretical basis for clinical application of the combinations of herbs and lactic acid bacteria. Methods Drug resistance was detected by using agar diffusion test. Results The five kinds of medicinal lactic acid bacteria were all moderately sensitive to Rhizoma Coptidis and slightly sensitive to Scutellaria Baicalensis. Conclusion The five kinds of medicinal lactic acid bacteria are not sensitive to most Chinese herbal medicines including the herbs with have antimicrobial effect and antibacterial effects.

  1. [A complexity analysis of Chinese herbal property theory: the multiple formations of herbal property].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Rui; Zhang, Bing

    2012-11-01

    Chinese herbal property theory (CHPT) is the fundamental characteristic of Chinese materia medica different from modern medicines. It reflects the herbal properties associated with efficacy and formed the early framework of four properties and five flavors in Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica. After the supplement and improvement of CHPT in the past thousands of years, it has developed a theory system including four properties, five flavors, meridian entry, direction of medicinal actions (ascending, descending, floating and sinking) and toxicity. However, because of the influence of philosophy about yin-yang theory and five-phase theory and the difference of cognitive approach and historical background at different times, CHPT became complex. One of the complexity features was the multiple methods for determining herbal property, which might include the inference from herbal efficacy, the thought of Chinese Taoist School and witchcraft, the classification thinking according to manifestations, etc. Another complexity feature was the multiselection associations between herbal property and efficacy, which indicated that the same property could be inferred from different kinds of efficacy. This paper analyzed these complexity features and provided the importance of cognitive approaches and efficacy attributes corresponding to certain herbal property in the study of CHPT.

  2. Herbal Medicine Today: Clinical and Research Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Firenzuoli

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Herbal medicine is the use of medicinal plants for prevention and treatment of diseases: it ranges from traditional and popular medicines of every country to the use of standardized and tritated herbal extracts. Generally cultural rootedness enduring and widespread use in a Traditional Medical System may indicate safety, but not efficacy of treatments, especially in herbal medicine where tradition is almost completely based on remedies containing active principles at very low and ultra low concentrations, or relying on magical-energetic principles.

  3. Modernization of Chinese herbal compound and the high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Wen-lan; SUN Zhi; DU Juan

    2008-01-01

    Chinese herbal compound is playing an important role on curing human diseases. And it has been a trend that Chinese herbal compound is being used all over the world in 21 century. However, our Chinese herbal compound is facing serious challenge for the lack of canonical system of quality criterion for Chinese herbal compound so it has been a urgent problem to set up the quality control standards and reveal therapeutic basis of Chinese herbal compound. In order to give full play to the advantages of Chinese herbal compound, modern scientific and technological is used to research of Chinese herbal compound, especially the high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-MS), because it is high sensitive, rapid, and obtain more information. It is very necessary that HPLC-MS is uesed to elucidate the effective components of basic substances of Chinese Herbal Compound, and endow traditional Chinese medicine with modern scientific connotation.

  4. Chinese Herbal Medicine (Zi Shen Qing for Mild-to-Moderate Systematic Lupus Erythematosus: A Pilot Prospective, Single-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda L. D. Zhong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a Chinese herbal formula Zi Shen Qing (ZSQ in the treatment of systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE in Chinese patients. Methods. A randomized controlled trial was conducted over 12 weeks in 84 Chinese patients who reported total scores of SLE Disease Activity Index-2000 (SLEDAI-2000 was from 5 to 14. The primary outcome was the changes of the SLEDAI-2000. The secondary outcomes included score changes of Chinese Medicine Syndromes (CMS, the changes of steroid dosage, the incidence of disease flare-up and biologic markers. Results. ZSQ significantly reduced SLEDAI-2000, the total scores of CMS in the treatment group compared with the controlled group (P<0.05. Superiority of ZSQ over controlled group was also observed with greater improvement in the withdrawal dosage of corticosteroids and the incidence of disease flare-up (P<0.05. There were no serious adverse events, and safety indices of whole blood counts, renal and liver functions were normal, both before and after the treatment. Conclusion. ZSQ is safe and effective for decreasing SLE disease activity and withdrawal dosage of corticosteroids in the mild to moderate SLE patients with “Deficiency of Qi and Yin” Pattern.

  5. Effects of Chinese Herbal Medicines on Growth Performance and Meat Quality of White Feather Broiler%中草药对白羽肉鸡生产性能及肉品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔娜

    2015-01-01

    A total of 300 white feather broilers were divided into 6 groups (0. 5% Chinese herbal medi-cines additives group,0. 75% Chinese herbal medicines additives group,1. 0% Chinese herbal medicines additives group,1. 25% Chinese herbal medicines additives group,1. 5% Chinese herbal medicines addi-tives group and control group) . The results showed that groupⅢhad the lowest feed/weight ratio and ab-dominal fat rate,while the highest slaughter percentage,whole net carcass percentage,leg muscle percent-age,breast muscle percentage,inosinic acid content and glutamic acid content,for group Ⅲ,feed/weight ratio in 1—3 weeks was 6. 38%(P 0. 05),5. 71%(P 0 . 05 ) ,4 . 35%( P0. 05),3. 09%(P0. 05), 1 . 31%( P0 . 05 ) ,1 . 60%( P0 . 05 ) ,1 . 98%( P0 . 05 ) ,3 . 05%( P0. 05),3. 09%(P0 . 05 ) ,10 . 09%( P0 . 05 ) ,7 . 93%( P0.05)、5.71%(P0.05)、4.35%(P0.05)、1.31%(P 0.05)、1.60%(P0.05)、1.98%(P0.05)、3.05%(P0.05)、3.09%(P0.05)、10.09%(P0.05)、7.93%(P<0.05)、18.76%(P<0.01)。综上,中草药饲料添加剂能提高白羽肉鸡生产性能、屠宰性能及肉品质,最佳剂量为1.0%。

  6. Therapeutic strategies for Parkinson's disease: the ancient meets the future--traditional Chinese herbal medicine, electroacupuncture, gene therapy and stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xuan; Liang, Xi-Bin; Li, Feng-Qiao; Zhou, Hui-Fang; Liu, Xian-Yu; Wang, Jian-Jun; Wang, Xiao-Min

    2008-10-01

    In China, it has been estimated that there are more than 2.0 million people suffering from Parkinson's disease, which is currently becoming one of the most common chronic neurodegenerative disorders during recent years. For many years, scientists have struggled to find new therapeutic approaches for this disease. Since 1994, our research group led by Drs. Ji-Sheng Han and Xiao-Min Wang of Neuroscience Research Institute, Peking University has developed several prospective treatment strategies for the disease. These studies cover the traditional Chinese medicine-herbal formula or acupuncture, and modern technologies such as gene therapy or stem cell replacement therapy, and have achieved some original results. It hopes that these data may be beneficial for the research development and for the future clinical utility for treatment of Parkinson's disease.

  7. Selected Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicines: Their Effect on NF-κB, PPARα and PPARγ and the Respective Bioactive Compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Rozema

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chinese herbal medicinal (CHM extracts from fourteen plants were investigated in cell-based in vitro assays for their effect on nuclear factor κB (NF-κB, a key regulator of inflammation, as well as on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs being key regulators of genes involved in lipid and glucose metabolism. 43% of the investigated CHMs showed NF-κB inhibitory and 50% PPARα and PPARγ activating effects. Apolar extracts from cortex and flos of Albizia julibrissin Durazz. and processed rhizomes of Arisaema sp. and Pinellia ternata (Thunb. Breit. that effectively inhibited TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation and dose-dependently activated PPARα and PPARγ were further investigated. Bioassay-guided fractionation and analysis by GC-MS led to the identification of fatty acids as PPAR agonists, including linoleic and palmitic acid.

  8. Selected Extracts of Chinese Herbal Medicines: Their Effect on NF-κB, PPARα and PPARγ and the Respective Bioactive Compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozema, E; Atanasov, A G; Fakhrudin, N; Singhuber, J; Namduang, U; Heiss, E H; Reznicek, G; Huck, C W; Bonn, G K; Dirsch, V M; Kopp, B

    2012-01-01

    Chinese herbal medicinal (CHM) extracts from fourteen plants were investigated in cell-based in vitro assays for their effect on nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), a key regulator of inflammation, as well as on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) being key regulators of genes involved in lipid and glucose metabolism. 43% of the investigated CHMs showed NF-κB inhibitory and 50% PPARα and PPARγ activating effects. Apolar extracts from cortex and flos of Albizia julibrissin Durazz. and processed rhizomes of Arisaema sp. and Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit. that effectively inhibited TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation and dose-dependently activated PPARα and PPARγ were further investigated. Bioassay-guided fractionation and analysis by GC-MS led to the identification of fatty acids as PPAR agonists, including linoleic and palmitic acid.

  9. Integration of Chinese Herbal Medicine Therapy Improves Survival of Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, Tom; Chang, Tung-Ti; Chiang, Jen-Huai; Hsieh, Ching-Yun; Sun, Mao-Feng; Yen, Hung-Rong

    2016-05-01

    Utilization of Chinese Medicine (CM) is not uncommon in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the current knowledge of the usage and efficacy of CM among CLL patients is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of integrative Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) on the disease course of CLL and ascertain the herbal products most commonly prescribed to patients with CLL.A Taiwanese nationwide population-based study involving the use of Western medicine and CM services provided by the National Health Insurance (NHI) was conducted.An NHI Research Database-based cohort study was performed; the timeframe of the study was January 2000 to December 2010. The end of the follow-up period was defined as December 31, 2011.A total of 808 patients were diagnosed with CLL in Taiwan within the defined study period. After randomly matching for age and sex and excluding patients younger than 18 years of age, data from 616 patients were analyzed.The 2 study groups both received standard of care treatment. In addition, 1 group also received CHM. Patients who were registered as receiving other forms of CM, such as acupuncture, were excluded.Hazard ratios of mortality were used to determine the influence of CHM and the therapeutic potential of herbal products.In total, 616 CLL patients were included in the analyses. We found that the HR associated with the adjunctive use of CHM was less than half when compared to the non-CHM group (0.43, 95% CI 0.33-0.55, P < 0.0001) and that treatment-naive patients who used CHM had the lowest HR. We also established that this association between reduction in HR and CHM was dose-dependent, and the longer CHM users received prescriptions, the lower the HR (P < 0.001).We supplied data from a relatively large population that spanned a significant amount of time. Our data suggests that the treatment of CLL with adjunctive CHM may have a substantial positive impact on mortality, especially for treatment-naive patients

  10. 使用群体辩证对猪场进行中草药保健%The health care with Chinese herbal medicine by population dialectic view in pig farm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖哲; 李静; 马志英; 牟国森

    2014-01-01

    为推广一套解决行之有效的猪场养殖、保健、预防、治疗系列思路与方法,本文采用空白对照组、化药保健组、中草药保健组、群体辩证中草药保健组、破壁酶解中草药保健组及群体辩证破壁酶解中草药保健组对猪场进行养殖管理,试验结果表明,群体辩证中草药保健组净增重显著高于中草药保健组、化药保健组和对照组,成活率也高于三个处理组,药费低于三个处理组;群体辩证破壁酶解中草药保健组的净增重显著高于其他处理组,摄食量则相反,成活率最高,料肉比和药费最低。因此,使用群体辩证对猪场进行中草药保健,尤其是破壁酶解中草药保健,对于抵制当前抗生素滥用、扭转养猪效益下滑、促进养猪场户增产增收将起到重要的实际推动。%In order to popularize a set of ideas and methods to effectively solve the breeding, health care, and disease prevention and control problems in pig farm, in the present study the pig farm was managed in six groups: a blank control group, a chemical medicine health care group, a Chinese herbal medicine health care group, a herbal health care group by population dialectic, a lyticase hydrolyzed Chinese herbal medicine health group, and a lyticase hydrolyzed Chinese herbal medicine health group by population dialectic. The results show that the net weight gain of Chi-nese herbal medicine health care group by population dialectic was obviously higher than Chinese herbal medicine health care group, chemical medicine health care group, and blank control group, the survival rate was higher than three groups above, and medicine cost was lower than three groups above; the net weight gain of lyticase hydrolyzed Chinese herbal medicine health group by population dialectic was significantly higher than all other groups, on the other hand, the feed intake was the lowest, the survival rate was highest, the feed/gain ratio

  11. Study of the ESI and APCI interfaces for the UPLC-MS/MS analysis of pesticides in traditional Chinese herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lina; Song, Fengrui; Liu, Zhiqiang; Zheng, Zhong; Xing, Junpeng; Liu, Shuying

    2014-02-01

    In this work, 53 selected pesticides of different chemical groups were extracted from Chinese herbal medicines and determined by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) using both electrospray ionization (ESI) and atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization (APCI). Extracts were obtained using the acetonitrile-based quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) sample preparation technique. Cleanup was performed by dispersive solid-phase extraction using primary secondary amine, graphitized carbon black, and octadecylsilane. Two atmospheric-pressure interfaces, ESI and APCI, were checked and compared. The validation study, including detection limits, linearity, and matrix effects, was conducted on fritillaria, radix ginseng, folium isatidis, semen persicae, and flos lonicerae in multiple reaction monitoring mode. These matrices represent a variety of plants used in traditional Chinese medicine. Fritillaria and radix ginseng were chosen as representatives for roots, folium isatidis was chosen as a representative for leaves, semen persicae was chosen as a representative for seeds, and flos lonicerae was chosen as a representative for flowers. The limits of detection for pesticides were lower in the UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS method than in the UHPLC-APCI-MS/MS method. Matrix effects on the two ionizations were evaluated for the five matrices. Soft signal enhancement in UHPLC-APCI-MS/MS and signal suppression in UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS were observed.

  12. [Traditional Chinese medicine in urology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hüsch, T; Tsaur, I; Reiter, M; Mager, R; Haferkamp, A

    2014-11-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an ancient holistic medicine based on the doctrine of Tao and Qi. Tao represents an alteration from which the polarity of Yin and Yang arises and Qi is the vitality which circulates through the body. Therapeutic concepts of TCM include acupuncture, herbal therapy, nutrition and Tuina, a form of manual therapy. TCM is now gaining increased acceptance in the Western society as a complementary therapy. Acupuncture and herbal therapy are the main forms of implementation of TCM in urology.

  13. Coprescription of Chinese Herbal Medicine and Western Medications among Prostate Cancer Patients: A Population-Based Study in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Hsien Lin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of herbal medicine is popular among cancer patients. This study aimed to explore the coprescription of CHM and WM among prostate cancer patients in Taiwan. This cross-sectional retrospective study used a population-based database containing one million beneficiaries of National Health Insurance. Claims and prescriptions were analyzed. In 2007, 218 (22.4% prostate cancer patients were CHM users. Among CHM users, 200 (91.7% patients with 5618 (79.5% CHM prescriptions were on coprescription of CHM and WM. A total of 484 types of CHM and 930 types of WM were used. The most commonly used CHMs on coprescription were Shu Jing Huo Xue Tang, Ma Zi Ren Wan, and Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang. The most commonly used WMs on coprescription were magnesium oxide, amlodipine, and aspirin. The average number of prescriptions per user per year was 261.2 versus 151.7 in all (P<0.001, 123.6 versus 76.9 in WM (P=0.033, and 34.8 versus 5.1 in CHM (P<0.001 for patients with and without coprescription, respectively. In conclusion, use of CHM among prostate cancer patients was popular in Taiwan. Most CHMs were used with WM concurrently. The potential drug-herb interactions should be investigated, especially for patients with more prescriptions.

  14. 安徽省中药材出口贸易现状与发展对策--以亳州药材为例%Chinese Herbal Medicine Export Trade Situation and Development Strategy of Anhui Province:A Case Study of Bozhou Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯晶; 王萍; 侯博

    2014-01-01

    本文首先简要介绍了我国中药行业的出口现状,然后以安徽亳州为例,介绍安徽省中药材产业发展及出口情况,最后分析安徽省中药材出口贸易的优劣势,对中药出口存在的问题提出合理化建议。%This paper briefly describes the status of the export of Chinese herbal medicine industry, then by taking Bozhou in Anhui for example, describes the development and export of Chinese herbal medicine industry in Anhui Province, and finally analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of Anhui medicines export trade and proposes rational proposals for the problems of Chinese herbal medicine export.

  15. Ginseng, a traditional herbal medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Ginseng is a root vegetable whose shape resembles the human body, and its name (pronounced "insam" in Korean) contains the Chinese characters for "man". Korean ginseng is also known by the names of Korea's last two royal dynasties: Goryeo and Joseon. Its scientific name is "Panax Ginseng C.A.Meyer, " panax being a composite term formed from the Greek words pan (all) and axos (medicine), which also give us the English word "panacea". Although Korean ginseng belongs to the same botanical genus as the product ...

  16. Mechanisms and effects of Chinese herbal medicine delaying progression of chronic renal failure%中药延缓慢性肾功能衰竭进展的机制和效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯青; 万毅刚; 蒋春明; 王朝俊; 魏晴雪; 赵青; 姚建

    2011-01-01

    In this review, firstly,it has been discussed the mechanisms of Chinese herbal medicine ameliorating glomerulosclerosis and renal interstitial fibrosis during the progression of chronic renal failure(CRF) by improving glomerular hemodynamics turbulence, podocyte injury, transforming growth factor (TGF) -β over-expression, hyperlipidemia, macrophage infiltration, tubular epithelial myofibroblast transdifferentiation,and nephrotoxicity of proteinuria.Secondly,it has been reported the clinical effects of Chinese herbal medicine improving renal function and some clinical complications in the patients with progressive CRF through various treatments including oral administration or coloclysis of Chinese herbal medicine,oral administration combined with coloclysis of Chinese herbal medicine,and colonic dialysis combined with coloclysis of Chinese herbal medicine.Finally,it has been reviewed the beneficial influences of Chinese herbal medicine on metabolic dysequilibrium of calcium and phosphonium, microinfiammatory state, and uremic toxins in patients with uremia.%中药延缓慢性肾功能衰竭(chronic renal failure,CRF)进展的机制主要是指中药改善肾小球硬化和肾间质纤维化的作用,譬如,通过影响肾小球血流动力,减轻足细胞损伤,抑制转化生长因子-β表达,调整脂质代谢紊乱来改善肾小球硬化;通过减轻巨噬细胞浸润,抑制肾小管上皮细胞转分化,降低尿蛋白毒性来改善肾间质纤维化等.中药延缓CRF进展的临床效果主要体现在改善肾功能和某些并发症等方面,其治疗方法包括中药复方口服、中药保留灌肠、中药复方口服联合中药保留灌肠以及结肠透析联合中药保留灌肠等.另外,对于晚期CRF患者所出现的钙/磷代谢失衡、微炎症状态以及尿毒症毒素蓄积,中药也有一定的改善作用.

  17. Herbal medicines--a cautionary tale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Sophie; West, Lance M

    2012-06-01

    We report an extensive intra-operative bleed which may have occurred as a result of the patient taking a herbal medicine. The patient underwent orthognathic surgery as a part of his orthodontic treatment, and lost approximately 3.5 litres of blood during the procedure. Preoperative blood tests were normal; the patient took no prescription medications and an appendectomy had been performed without incident. To aid healing, however, the patient had taken arnica the day before his operation. A concise literature review is presented which outlines the causes of surgical bleeding and discusses some of the bleeding concerns that herbal medicine use may raise for clinicians. Herbal medicines may contribute to unexplained surgical bleeding in the absence of other causative factors; it would therefore be useful to include an enquiry about the taking of herbal remedies at the history-taking stage for dental and maxillofacial surgical procedures.

  18. Identification of adulterants in a Chinese herbal medicine by LC-HRMS and LC-MS-SPE/NMR and comparative in vivo study with standards in a hypertensive rat model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kesting, Julie Regitze; Huang, JingQi; Sørensen, Dan

    2010-01-01

    Based on anecdotal evidence of anti-hypertensive effect of Gold Nine Soft Capsules, an in vivo study of this complex Chinese "herbal-based" medicine was initiated. Dosage of the content of Gold Nine capsules in spontaneous hypertensive rats showed a remarkably good effect. This led to further...... of a combination of commercially purchased standards was shown to be equivalent to that of the capsule content. Adulteration of herbal remedies and dietary supplements with synthetic drugs is an increasing problem that may lead to serious adverse effects. LC-MS-SPE/NMR as a method for the rapid identification...

  19. Concurrent Use of Hypnotic Drugs and Chinese Herbal Medicine Therapies among Taiwanese Adults with Insomnia Symptoms: A Population-Based Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuei-Hua Lee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The increased practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM worldwide has raised concerns regarding herb-drug interactions. The purpose of our study is to analyze the concurrent use of Chinese herbal products (CHPs among Taiwanese insomnia patients taking hypnotic drugs. Methods. The usage, frequency of services, and CHP prescribed among 53,949 insomnia sufferers were evaluated from a random sample of 1 million beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Research Database. A logistic regression method was used to identify the factors that were associated with the coprescription of a CHP and a hypnotic drug. Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs of hip fracture between the two groups. Results. More than 1 of every 3 hypnotic users also used a CHP concurrently. Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (Augmented Rambling Powder and Suan-Zao-Ren-Tang (Zizyphus Combination were the 2 most commonly used CHPs that were coadministered with hypnotic drugs. The HR of hip fracture for hypnotic-drug users who used a CHP concurrently was 0.57-fold (95% CI = 0.47–0.69 that of hypnotic-drug users who did not use a CHP. Conclusion. Exploring potential CHP-drug interactions and integrating both healthcare approaches might be beneficial for the overall health and quality of life of insomnia sufferers.

  20. Concurrent Use of Hypnotic Drugs and Chinese Herbal Medicine Therapies among Taiwanese Adults with Insomnia Symptoms: A Population-Based Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kuei-Hua; Tsai, Yueh-Ting; Lai, Jung-Nien; Lin, Shun-Ku

    2013-01-01

    Background. The increased practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) worldwide has raised concerns regarding herb-drug interactions. The purpose of our study is to analyze the concurrent use of Chinese herbal products (CHPs) among Taiwanese insomnia patients taking hypnotic drugs. Methods. The usage, frequency of services, and CHP prescribed among 53,949 insomnia sufferers were evaluated from a random sample of 1 million beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Research Database. A logistic regression method was used to identify the factors that were associated with the coprescription of a CHP and a hypnotic drug. Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) of hip fracture between the two groups. Results. More than 1 of every 3 hypnotic users also used a CHP concurrently. Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (Augmented Rambling Powder) and Suan-Zao-Ren-Tang (Zizyphus Combination) were the 2 most commonly used CHPs that were coadministered with hypnotic drugs. The HR of hip fracture for hypnotic-drug users who used a CHP concurrently was 0.57-fold (95% CI = 0.47-0.69) that of hypnotic-drug users who did not use a CHP. Conclusion. Exploring potential CHP-drug interactions and integrating both healthcare approaches might be beneficial for the overall health and quality of life of insomnia sufferers.

  1. Micromorphological comparative identification between several Chinese herbal medicines and their counterfeits%几种中药材及其混伪品的微性状对比鉴别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马逾英; 卢晓琳; 翟萌; 杨莹

    2012-01-01

    目的:对当前市场上流通的几种中药材混伪品进行真伪对比鉴别.方法:采用微性状鉴定法,借助解剖镜、扫描仪器进行药材外形、表面、断面等特征的观察,拍摄照片或保存图片.结果:找出了灰毡毛忍冬与细毡毛忍冬、孜然、车前子、菟丝子、白芥子、丹参等中药材与其混伪品微性状特征的主要区别.结论:为相关中药材的真伪鉴别提供了参考依据,并为同类研究提供借鉴.%Objective: To identify comparatively several commercial Chinese herbal medicines and their counterfeits. Method: Hie micromorphological characters were identified. The shape, surface, section and other characters of the medicinal materials were identified by using anatomical lens and scanning apparatus. Pictures were taken and saved. Result: Main micromorphological differences between several Chinese herbal medicine including Lonicera macranthoides, L. similis, Cummum cyminum, Plantago asiatica, Cuscuta chinensis, Sinapis alba, Salvia miltiorrhua and their counterfeits were identified. Conclusion: The reference for the authenticity identification of Chinese herbal medicine and helpful experiences for the research of the same subject were provided.

  2. Chinese Herbal Medicine (Weijing Decoction Combined with Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaonan Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Weijing decoction combined with routine pharmacotherapy (RP for the treatment of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD. Methods. Randomized controlled trials (RCT evaluating Weijing decoction for AECOPD were included. English, Chinese, and Japanese databases were searched from their respective inceptions to June 2013. The methodological quality was assessed according to the Cochrane Collaboration’s risk of bias tool. All data were analyzed and synthesized using RevMan 5.2 software. Results. Fifteen (15 studies involving 986 participants were included. Participants were diagnosed with COPD in the acute exacerbation stage. In addition, most of studies reported that they included participants with the Chinese medicine syndrome, phlegm-heat obstructing the Lung. Weijing decoction combined with RP improved lung function (forced expiratory volume in one second; FEV1, arterial blood gases (PaO2 and PaCO2, clinical effective rate, and reduced inflammatory biomarkers (TNF-α and IL-8 when compared with RP alone. No severe adverse events were reported in these studies. Conclusions. Weijing decoction appeared to be beneficial for AECOPD and well-tolerated when taken concurrently with RP, such as antibiotics, bronchodilators (oral and inhaled, and mucolytics.

  3. Effects of Chinese herbal medicine Yiqi Huaju Qingli Formula in metabolic syndrome patients with microalbuminuria: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian-zhan Wang; Yu Chen; Yan-ming He; Xiao-dong Fu; Yi Wang; Yan-qiu Xu; Hong-jie Yang

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Microalbuminuria (MAU) is a key component of metabolic syndrome (MetS)and is an early sign of diabetic nephropathy as well.Although routine Western medicine treatments are given to MetS patients to control high blood pressure,hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia,some patients still experience progressive renal lesions and it is necessary to modify and improve the treatment strategy for MetS patients.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the efficacy of Yiqi Huaju Qingli Herb Formula,a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine,in MetS patients with MAU when it is combined with routine Western medicine treatment.DESIGN,SETTING,PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS:Sixty patients with MetS were randomized into the Chinese herbal formula group (CHF,Yiqi Huaju Qingli formula treatment in combination with Western medicine) and control group (placebo in combination with Western medicine).All treatments were administered for 12 weeks.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Urinary microalbumin (MA),urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR),24-hour total urine protein (24-hTP),body mass index (BMI),waist circumference (WC),waist-to-hip ratio (WHR),fasting plasma glucose (FPG),2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (2-hPPG),glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c),homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR),blood lipid profile and blood pressure were observed.RESULTS:Compared with the control group,CHF treatment significantly decreased BMI (P<0.05),WC (P<0.01) and WHR (P<0.01).Both groups had significant decreases in FPG,2-hPPG,HbA1c,HOMA-IR,MA,and UACR,with CHF treatment showing better effects on these parameters compared with the control treatment (P<0.05).Both treatments significantly reduced the levels of total cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triacylglycerol (TAG),and a greater reduction in TAG was observed with CHF treatment (P<0.05).The level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol did not change in the control group after treatment (P>0.05),whereas it

  4. 甘肃省中草药生产现状及可持续发展对策%PRESENT SITUATION OF CHINESE HERBAL MEDICINE PRODUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN GANSU PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩多; 王海鹏; 汪玉萍; 陆桂芝

    2011-01-01

    该文概述了甘肃省气候资源、中草药生产现状、市场背景,结合现阶段生产中存在的问题有针对性地提出了可持续发展的对策,使甘肃中草药产业发展形成具有强大竞争力的现代产业,成为甘肃经济发展新的增长点.%This paper summarized the climate resource, present production situation and market background of Chinese herbal medicine in Cansu province, put forward the countermeasures of sustainable development combined with the present production problems, which would make the Cansu Chinese herbal medicine industry development become the modern industry with strong competitiveness and a new growth point of economic development in Cansu province.

  5. A Research on Control ofAlternaria Panax Whetz by Different Chinese Herbal Medicines%不同中药材对三七黑斑病病原Alternaria panax Whetz抑制作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昱君; 王勇; 刘云芝; 杨建忠; 朱云飞

    2012-01-01

    The paper studies the control ofAlternaria Panax ginseng (Alternaria Panax whetz) byusingdifferent Chinese herbal medicines through antibacterial experiment and field resistance identification, screens out Chinese herbal medicines that can be mixed plant with Panax notoginseng such as Herba Lycopi, Kaempferia galanga L, Radix Ophiopogonis, Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati the results could provide the scientific basis for biodiversity control ofPanax notoginseng black spot disease.%通过不同中药材对黑斑病病原Alternaria panax Whetz.室内抑菌试验研究及病原田间致病性鉴定,筛选出可与三七混种的中药材品种泽兰、山萘、麦冬、玉竹。

  6. The Empirical Research on Development of E-commerce Logistics System of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Gansu%甘肃中药材电子商务物流体系发展实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗中华; 梁婷; 吴明蔚; 张翔

    2016-01-01

    The paper constructed an operating model of E-commerce logistics of Chinese herbal medicine in Gansu with the use of domestic and international theory. Besides, it also measured the development status of E-commerce logistics of Chinese herbal medicine in Gansu with fuzzy evaluation method based on survey data of 244 enterprises in Gansu. The result is: First, the model contains four dimension factors which are information technology, E-business application, in-formation management and function of logistics of Chinese herbal medicine, it is a reasonable frame structure which de-scribes E-commerce logistics of Chinese herbal medicine. The second, the overall development level of E-commerce logistics of Chinese herbal medicine is still in the early Intermediate period of the stage, there is large room for improvement, its logistics function is the key issue which restricts and affects its logistics system construction. The third, information technol-ogy is the support system of E-logistics of Chinese herbal medicine, it shall be fully embedded in the whole process of E-commerce logistics of Chinese herbal medicine, and only effective coordination of every model can improve the logistics efficiency of Chinese herbal medicines. The paper proposed countermeasures which can promote the E-commerce logistics based on the research results.%借鉴国内外理论构建了甘肃中药材电子商务物流运行模型,在对甘肃244家企业调查数据基础上用模糊评价法对甘肃中药材电子商务物流发展状况进行测度。结果是:第一,该模型包含中药材物流信息技术、电子商务应用,信息化管理和中药材物流功能四个维度因子,是一个描述中药材电子商务物流理论的合理框架结构。第二,甘肃中药材电子商务物流整体发展水平还处于初中期阶段,有较大的提升空间,其中物流功能目前是制约和影响物流体系建设的关键问题。第三,信息技术是中药

  7. 中草药制剂对獭兔肠道内环境影响的研究%Study on the effects of the Chinese herbal medicine on the intestinal environment in rex rabbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左晓磊; 赵德明; 韩爱云; 赵国先

    2016-01-01

    The experiment observes the effects of the Chinese herbal medicine on the intestinal environ⁃ment of rex rabbit. 120 rex rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups, each group was 20 rab⁃bits. The rex rabbits were fed in the same feeding environment. Treatments involved the control groupⅠ(basal diet); Ⅱ(basal plus 4 mg/kg Diclazuril); Ⅲ(basal plus 0.5% Chinese-herb), Ⅳ(basal plus 1.0%Chinese-herb), Ⅴ(basal plus 1.5% Chinese-herb), Ⅵ(basal plus 2.0% Chinese-herb). 50 days later, determination on the intestinal environment index. The results were listed as follows:①The rate of diar⁃rhea of the chinese herbal medicine group were significantly lower than the control group. The Chinese herbal medicine contains a variety of natural antimicrobial substances, and has a good preventive effect on rex rabbit. ②The Chinese herbal medicine can promote gastrointestinal peristalsis and regulation of enzyme of rex rabbit. The Chinese herbal medicine has a good role in promoting of rex rabbit intesti⁃nal environment. ③The Chinese herbal medicine can inhibit the proliferation of harmful bacteria, such as E.coli, salmonella and staphylococcus aureus, and adjusts the lactobacillus metabolism of bacteria. The Chinese herbal medicine has promote intestinal micro ecological system stability of rex rabbit.%试验研究不同水平的纯中草药饲料添加剂对生长獭兔肠道内环境的影响。采用单因素分组设计,将120只生长獭兔随机分为6组,每组4个重复,每个重复5只,在同一饲养环境下进行饲喂。第Ⅰ组为基础对照组,饲喂基础日粮;第Ⅱ组为抗生素组,在基础日粮中添加4 mg/kg的地克珠利;第Ⅲ、Ⅳ、Ⅴ、Ⅵ组为中草药饲料添加组,在基础日粮中分别添加0.5%、1.0%、1.5%、2.0%体重的中草药制剂。50 d后测定獭兔肠道内环境指标。结果表明:①试验中添加中草药制剂组的腹泻率明显低于对照组,中草药制剂含有多种

  8. Evaluation of quality control strategies in Scutellaria herbal medicines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Susanne P; Doolan, Paul J; Andrews, Clare E; Reid, Raymond G

    2011-04-05

    The statutory regulation of herbal medicines is under review within the United Kingdom (UK) and by 2011 all herbal medicines will require either a Product Licence or a Traditional Herbal Registration. The species Scutellaria baicalensis has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-tumor properties and is one of the most widely used Chinese herbal extracts in Eastern and Western medicines. The bioactivity of this herbal medicine is due to the radical scavenging activities of the flavone components of which there are more than 60. This research has characterised 5 key flavones in 18 extracts of Scutellaria using a combination of HPLC with DAD and MS detection. Employing an internal standard approach, the validated HPLC method afforded good sensitivity and excellent assay precision. Assays for the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and total phenol determinations enabled determination of the antioxidant coefficient (PAC) of each Scutellaria extract. The potential usefulness of employing multivariate statistical analysis using a combination of the key parameters collected namely, FRAP activity, total phenol content, levels of 5 flavone biomarkers and the PAC as a means of quality evaluation of the Scutellaria herbal extracts was investigated. The PAC value was predicted by soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA) as being the most discriminatory parameter and applying this ranking the herbal extracts were grouped into 3 clusters. The second most influential parameter in determining the clustering of the samples was the level of baicalin in each extract. It is proposed that the PAC value alone or in combination with a chromatographic fingerprint of key biomarkers [e.g. baicalin or (baicalin+baicalein)] may be useful indicators to adopt for the quality control of S. baicalensis.

  9. Integrating biomedical and herbal medicine in Ghana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boateng, Millicent Addai; Danso-Appiah, Anthony; Turkson, Bernard Kofi

    2016-01-01

    the challenges and motivations of the integration process. Methods: Qualitative phenomenological exploratory study design involving fieldwork observations, focus group discussion, in-depth interviews and key informants’ interviews was employed to collect data. Results: Policies and protocols outlining...... the definition, process and goals of integration were lacking, with respondents sharing different views about the purpose and value of integration of herbal medicine within public health facilities. Key informants were supportive of the initiative. Whilst biomedical health workers perceived the system...... to be parallel than integrated, health personnel providing herbal medicine perceived the system as integrated. Most patients were not aware of the herbal clinic in the hospital but those who had utilized services of the herbal clinic viewed the clinic as part of the hospital. Conclusions: The lack...

  10. Herbal medicine--sets the heart racing!

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McGovern, E

    2010-07-01

    The potential for pharmaceuticals to produce side effects and drug interactions is well known to medical practitioners and the lay public alike. However, the potential for alternative medicines to produce such effects is less widely known. We describe a potentially dangerous interaction between a herbal medicine and concomitant selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) ingestion.

  11. Progress on Antiplasmid Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine%中草药消除细菌耐药性质粒研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 杨玉荣; 赵振升; 孔涛; 王国永

    2013-01-01

    常见病原微生物对抗微生物药物的耐药性正逐渐增加,已引起国内外学者的广泛关注。目前研究者一致认为抗微生物药物的滥用及随之产生的选择性压力是许多耐药菌出现的最主要原因。而从基因基础考虑,耐药性的产生则主要与质粒有关,质粒作为染色体外的 DNA 序列能够将耐药基因传递给环境中的其他细菌,从而引起多重耐药菌的出现。细菌耐药质粒自发消失的几率很低,但一些中草药能够使该几率增加。论文就中草药的耐药质粒消除作用及其机理进行综述。%The increasing antimicrobial resistance of common pathogens has led to a growing concern both at home and abroad.The overuse of antimicrobials and consequent antimicrobial selection pressure are thought to be the most important factors contributing to the appearance of different kinds of resistant mi-crobes.The genetical basis of resistance is often the plasmid,which can be transferred to other bacteria in the environment of the recipient,and these extrachromosomal DNA sequences can be responsible for the e-mergence of multiple resistance to antimicrobials.Plasmid may be lost spontaneously in a very low fre-quency,but certain effects,such as some Chinese herbal medicines,can increase the probability of plasmid loss.A brief review of literature on the antiplasmid effect and the mechanisms of some Chinese herbal medicines was made.

  12. Efficacy and safety of the Chinese herbal medicine shuganjieyu with and without adjunctive repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for geriatric depression: a randomized controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    XIE, Minmin; JIANG, Wenhai; YANG, Haibo

    2015-01-01

    Background Pharmacological treatment of geriatric depression is often ineffective because patients cannot tolerate adequate doses of antidepressant medications. Aim Examine the efficacy and safety of shuganjieyu – the first Chinese herbal medicine approved for the treatment of depression by China’s drug regulatory agency -- with and without adjunctive treatment with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of geriatric depression. Methods Sixty-five inpatients 60 or older who met ICD-10 criteria for depression were randomly assigned to an experimental group (shuganjieyu + rTMS) (n=36) or a control group (shuganjieyu + sham rTMS)(n=29). All participants received 4 capsules of shuganjieyu daily for 6 weeks. rTMS (or sham rTMS) was administered 20 minutes daily, five days a week for 4 weeks. Blinded raters used the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-17) and the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale to assess clinical efficacy and safety at baseline and 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks after starting treatment. Over the six-week trial, there was only one dropout from the experimental group and two dropouts from the control group. Results None of the patients had serious side effects, but 40% in the experimental group and 50% in the control group experienced minor side effects that all resolved spontaneously. Both groups showed substantial stepwise improvement in depressive symptoms over the 6 weeks. Repeated measures ANOVA found no differences between the two groups. After 6 weeks, 97% of the experimental group had experienced a 25% or greater drop in the level of depression, but only 20% had experience a 50% or greater drop in the level of depression; the corresponding values in the control group were 96% and 19%. There were some minor, non-significant differences in the onset of the treatment effect between the different types of depressive symptoms, but by the second week of treatment all five HAMD-17 subscale scores had improved significantly

  13. Standardised versus individualised multiherb Chinese herbal medicine for oligomenorrhoea and amenorrhoea in polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomised feasibility and pilot study in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flower, Andrew; Prescott, Philip; Wing, Trevor; Moore, Michael; Lewith, George

    2017-01-01

    Objectives To explore feasibility of a randomised study using standardised or individualised multiherb Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for oligomenorrhoea and amenorrhoea in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), to pilot study methods and to obtain clinical data to support sample size calculations. Design Prospective, pragmatic, randomised feasibility and pilot study with participant and practitioner blinding. Setting 2 private herbal practices in the UK. Participants 40 women diagnosed with PCOS and oligomenorrhoea or amenorrhoea following Rotterdam criteria. Intervention 6 months of either standardised CHM or individualised CHM, 16 g daily taken orally as a tea. Main outcome measures Our primary objective was to determine whether oligomenorrhoea and amenorrhoea were appropriate as the primary outcome measures for the main study. Estimates of treatment effects were obtained for menstrual rate, body mass index (BMI), weight and hirsutism. Data were collected regarding safety, feasibility and acceptability. Results Of the 40 participants recruited, 29 (72.5%) completed the study. The most frequently cited symptoms of concern were hirsutism, weight and menstrual irregularity. Statistically significant improvements in menstrual rates were found at 6 months within group for both standardised CHM (mean difference (MD) 0.18±0.06, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.29; p=0.0027) and individualised CHM (MD 0.27±0.06, 95% CI 0.15 to 0.39; phirsutism scores found within group for both groups were not statistically significant between group (p=0.09). Liver and kidney function and adverse events data were largely normal. Participant feedback suggests changing to tablet administration could facilitate adherence. Conclusions A CHM randomised controlled trial for PCOS is feasible and preliminary data suggest that both individualised and standardised multiherb CHMs have similar safety profiles and clinical effects on promoting menstrual regularity. These data will inform the design of

  14. On the Natural Medical Features of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Ming; Gong Jiapei; Liu Yuanlong

    2007-01-01

    @@ Heaven-human-earth Pattern (HHE) regarded as a crucial conception of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been applied extensively in TCM diagnostics, etiology, acupuncture therapeutics, materia medica and herbal formula, etc. It associates closely with Chinese classic cosmology.

  15. Efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for chronic prostatitis associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes: a meta-analysis and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Z

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Zhiqiang Wang,1 Lei Yuan,1 Yongchuan Wang,2 Baizhi Yang,1 Xiaohong Dong,1 Zhaowang Gao3 1Department of Urology, Shouguang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shouguang, 2Department of Urology, Weifang Traditional Chinese Hospital, Weifang, 3Department of Urology, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital, Shandong, People’s Republic of China Objective: The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM for chronic prostatitis (CP associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes.Methods: An electronic search of 13 databases up to May 2016 was screened to identify randomized controlled trials comparing the safety and efficacy of CHM for the treatment of CP associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes. Studies reporting on effective rates, adverse events, National Institutes of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI scores, and symptom index of Chinese medicine for chronic prostatitis (SI-CM scores as outcomes were included in the analysis. Data were analyzed by fixed- or random-effect models using the Review Manager software.Results: Thirteen articles with the modified Jadad score ≥4 were identified. It was found that CHM was superior to placebo in increasing the efficacy (odds ratio: 6.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.78–9.48, P<0.00001 and reducing the SI-CM scores (standardized mean difference: -1.08, 95% CI: -1.35 to -0.81, P<0.00001. Oral CHMs were significantly more effective than placebo at reducing NIH-CPSI scores, with a mean difference of -1.39 (95% CI: -1.87 to -0.92, P<0.00001. Nevertheless, no significant differences were found between Prostant and placebo (standardized mean difference: -0.23, 95% CI: -0.46 to 0.01, P=0.06. The frequency of adverse events associated with oral CHM was similar to that associated with placebo (risk ratio: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.72–2.55, P=0.34 and less than that

  16. [A cold/heat property classification strategy based on bio-effects of herbal medicines].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Miao; Lv, Ai-Ping

    2014-06-01

    The property theory of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is regarded as the core and basic of Chinese medical theory, however, the underlying mechanism of the properties in CHMs remains unclear, which impedes a barrier for the modernization of Chinese herbal medicine. The properties of CHM are often categorized into cold and heat according to the theory of Chinese medicine, which are essential to guide the clinical application of CHMs. There is an urgent demand to build a cold/heat property classification model to facilitate the property theory of Chinese herbal medicine, as well as to clarify the controversial properties of some herbs. Based on previous studies on the cold/heat properties of CHM, in this paper, we described a novel strategy on building a cold/heat property classification model based on herbal bio-effect. The interdisciplinary cooperation of systems biology, pharmacological network, and pattern recognition technique might lighten the study on cold/heat property theory, provide a scientific model for determination the cold/heat property of herbal medicines, and a new strategy for expanding the Chinese herbal medicine resources as well.

  17. Herbal Medicines for Acute Kidney Injury: Evidence, Gaps and Frontiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérian Bunel

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Acute kidney injury (AKI is a major health threat worldwide. The literature on herbal intervention in AKI was searched from English and Chinese databases and reports were critically analyzed in terms of preventing AKI, promoting repair and regeneration, enhancing extrarenal clearance of uremic toxins, and preventing progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD. Altogether, 16 herbal formulae and a few extracts derived from individual herbs were reported to prevent or mitigate AKI in animal models induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion, cisplastin, gentamicin, glycerol, adenine, sepsis or physical exhaustion. Four formulae and six individual herbs were reported to accelerate recovery and/or to prevent CKD in established AKI animal models. Intrarectal herbal medicines, with or without simultaneous oral administration, were reported in six clinical trials and in an animal model to increase extrarenal clearance of uremic toxins. Additional 13 clinical trials reported oral or intravenous herbal interventions in AKI of different etiologies. Despite recurring problems, notably poor compliance with good practice guidelines for clinical trials and for authentication, naming and quality control of herbal materials, accumulating experimental data on the preventive effects of herbal medicines in AKI look encouraging and urge for better, definitive trials to guide clinical practice. Herbal enemas promoting extrarenal clearance of uremic toxins seem cost-effective, but better clinical evidence is certainly needed before any affirmative recommendation be made for AKI patients without access to dialysis. New frontiers, however, lie in those herbal remedies that promote repair/regeneration and prevent chronicity after AKI. Recent experimental data suggest that this may be possible.

  18. [Significance of re-evaluation and development of Chinese herbal drugs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yue; Ma, Zengchun; Zhang, Boli

    2012-01-01

    The research of new herbal drugs involves in new herbal drugs development and renew the old drugs. It is necessary to research new herbal drugs based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The current development of famous TCM focuses on the manufacture process, quality control standards, material basis and clinical research. But system management of security evaluation is deficient, the relevant system for the safety assessment TCM has not been established. The causes of security problems, security risks, target organ of toxicity, weak link of safety evaluation, and ideas of safety evaluation are discussed in this paper. The toxicology research of chinese herbal drugs is necessary based on standard of good laboratory practices (GLP), the characteristic of Chinese herbal drugs is necessary to be fully integrated into safety evaluation. The safety of new drug research is necessary to be integrated throughout the entire process. Famous Chinese medicine safety research must be paid more attention in the future.

  19. 蓖麻粗毒蛋白中草药解毒剂的筛选%Screening on Chinese herbal medicines antidotes to raw ricin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙媚华; 陈迁; 宋光泉

    2014-01-01

    为了从31种中草药中筛选出对蓖麻粗毒蛋白具有较好解毒效果的中草药提取物,采用5种不同提取方法提取中草药有效成分,以小白鼠为试验对象,就31种中草药乙醇提取物对蓖麻毒蛋白中毒小鼠的解毒效果进行了粗筛,并就5种不同提取方法提取中草药提取液对蓖麻毒蛋白中毒小鼠的解毒效果进行了比较。结果表明,31种中草药乙醇提取物中,筛选出解毒效果较好的大黄、连翘、板蓝根、防风、白芍、附子、龙血竭、升麻(广东)和升麻(西安)等9种中草药;又从这9种中草药乙醇提取物中进一步筛选出解毒效果好且效果稳定的板蓝根、白芍、龙血竭和升麻(西安)等4种中草药;在5种提取方法中,以超声波丙酮提取法提取的中草药的解毒效果最好,超声波乙醇提取法次之,超声波水提取法效果最差;而在板蓝根、白芍、龙血竭和升麻(西安)等4种中草药提取液中,则以白芍提取液的解毒效果最佳,升麻(西安)的解毒效果最差。由此可以证明,白芍,龙血竭,板蓝根和升麻(西安)为极具潜力的蓖麻粗毒蛋白中草药解毒剂。%In order to screen out Chinese herb extracts from 31 kinds of Chinese medicinal herbs herbal which have good antidotal effect on raw ricin , five different extraction methods were investigated .Mice were used as experimental subjects , 31 kinds of herbal ethanol extracts were used to sieve coarsely by the detoxifying effect of ricin poisoning on mice .The detoxifying effects of the Chinese herb extracts extracted by five different methods were compared on ricin poisoned mice .The results showed that nine kinds of Chinese medicinal herbs were found to have good detoxification from 31 kinds of herbal ethanol extracts , for example Rhubarb , Forsythia , Radix , Divaricate saposhnikovia root , White paeony root , Radix aconiti lateralis preparata , Resina

  20. Progress of Research in Antitumor Mechanisms with Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩淑燕; 李萍萍

    2009-01-01

    The anti-tumor effects of Chinese herbal medicines and their prescription preparations attracted more and more attention at home and abroad.Thus,it is becoming a hot research topic to exploit the anti-tumor mechanisms of Chinese medicine,and some of them have been partly clarified with the improved research ability to date.In brief,the Chinese herbal medicines possess unique advantages on the treatment of tumors through their multiple actions on multiple targets.

  1. Herbal Medicines for Treating Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Soobin; Jang, Bo-Hyoung; Ko, Youme; Sasaki, Yui; Park, Jeong-Su; Hwang, Eui-Hyoung; Song, Yun-Kyung; Shin, Yong-Cheol; Ko, Seong-Gyu

    2016-01-01

    Objective. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines in the management of metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods. On December 9, 2015, we searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, AMED, CNKI, KoreaMed, KMBASE, OASIS, and J-STAGE with no restriction on language or published year. We selected randomized controlled trials that involved patients with metabolic syndrome being treated with herbal medicines as intervention. The main keywords were "Chinese herbal medicines", "metabolic syndrome", and "randomized controlled trials". Herbal substances which were not based on East Asian medical theory, combination therapy with western medicines, and concurrent diseases other than metabolic syndrome were excluded. The risk of bias was assessed by Cochrane's "Risk of Bias" tool. The protocol or review was registered in PROSPERO (an international prospective register of systematic reviews) (CRD42014006842). Results. From 1,098 articles, 12 RCTs were included in this review: five trials studied herbal medicines versus a placebo or no treatment, and seven trials studied herbal medicines versus western medicines. Herbal medicines were effective on decreasing waist circumference, blood glucose, blood lipids, and blood pressure. Conclusion. This study suggests the possibility that herbal medicines can be complementary and alternative medicines for metabolic syndrome.

  2. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi Decoction, the Water Extract of Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicine, Enhances Cisplatin Cytotoxicity in A549/DDP Cells through Induction of Apoptosis and Autophagy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Ying

    2017-01-01

    Cisplatin is one of the most active cytotoxic agents for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. However, the development of cisplatin resistance is common. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi decoction (BZYQD), a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, is widely used for the enhancement of antitumor effect in other medications. In this study, we evaluated the effect and drug-resistance reversal mechanism of BZYQD combined with cisplatin on cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP cells. Our results showed that BZYQD exhibited direct cytotoxic and chemosensitizing effects. Cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin induced intrinsic apoptotic pathways which were measured by condensed nuclear chromatin, Annexin V/PI apoptosis assay, and apoptosis related proteins expression. In addition, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin also activated autophagy, as indicated by an increase in LC3 puncta, classical autophagosomes and/or autolysosomes, and an accumulation of LC3-II and ATG7 protein. Finally, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin resulted in the generation of ROS and scavenging ROS by NAC almost completely suppressing cell death. These results suggest that cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin might reverse cisplatin resistance by inducing ROS accumulation, which activates apoptosis and autophagy by oxidative stress. The combination of BZYQD and cisplatin may represent a novel approach in treatment for NSCLC and thus offer a new target for chemotherapy.

  3. Add-On Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine on Mortality in Myocardial Infarction: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent C. H. Chung

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In China, Chinese herbal medicine (CHM is widely used as an adjunct to biomedicine (BM in treating myocardial infarction (MI. This meta-analysis of RCTs evaluated the efficacy of combined CHM-BM in the treatment of MI, compared to BM alone. Sixty-five RCTs (12,022 patients of moderate quality were identified. 6,036 patients were given CHM plus BM, and 5,986 patients used BM only. Combined results showed clear additional effect of CHM-BM treatment in reducing all-cause mortality (relative risk reduction (RRR = 37%, 95% CI = 28%–45%, I2=0.0% and mortality of cardiac origin (RRR = 39%, 95% CI = 22%–52%, I2=22.8. Benefits remained after random-effect trim and fill adjustment for publication bias (adjusted RRR for all-cause mortality = 29%, 95% CI = 16%–40%; adjusted RRR for cardiac death = 32%, 95% CI = 15%–46%. CHM is also found to be efficacious in lowering the risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiogenic shock, cardiac arrhythmia, myocardial reinfarction, heart failure, angina, and occurrence of total heart events. In conclusion, addition of CHM is very likely to be able to improve survival of MI patients who are already receiving BM. Further confirmatory evaluation via large blinded randomized trials is warranted.

  4. Preventive Effects of the Chinese Herbal Medicine Prescription Tangkuei Decoction for Frigid Extremities on Sciatic Neuropathy in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengsong Liu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ischemia and hypoxia are important physiological changes in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN. Chinese herbal medicine prescription Tangkuei Decoction for Frigid Extremities (TDFE is useful for increasing blood flow. To help determine whether TDFE could protect the peripheral nerves of diabetic patients from the degeneration caused by high blood glucose, TDFE was administered to streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats for 6 or 12 weeks. Plantar thermal stimulation reaction time thresholds, sciatic nerve conduction velocities, and the levels of HIF-1α mRNA, HIF-1α protein, VEGF protein, and the endothelial marker vWF in sciatic nerves were measured at the end of the sixth and twelfth weeks. The thermal thresholds and sciatic nerve conduction velocities of the rats differed after 12 weeks, and the sciatic nerves of the diabetic rats that were given TDFE displayed higher levels of HIF-1α protein, VEGF protein, and HIF-1α mRNA than those of the diabetic model rats. The results at 6 weeks differed from those at 12 weeks. These results suggest that the early preventive application of TDFE effectively delayed the development of DPN and that TDFE increased HIF-1α mRNA levels in the sciatic nerves of diabetic rats through 12 weeks of treatment.

  5. 中草药肝毒性、肾毒性及对策%Hepatotoxicity and Nephrotoxicity of Chinese Herbal Medicine and Their Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦云涛; 高菁; 任彬; 李雪; 胡杨; 张文; 李靖

    2014-01-01

    This paper makes a summary on hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity of Chinese herbal medicine currently and sums up detoxifi -cation measures , such as clearance of the unabsorbed toxic substances , prevention of the absorption of the poison , promotion of excretion of the poison , the rational use of antidote .Meanwhile , we have concluded methods about choosing the appropriate antidote based on the different kinds of drugs at present in order to provide some reference for clinical rational drug use and timely treatment for the poisoning .%对目前有关肝毒性、肾毒性的中草药作一总结,并归纳中毒后的解毒措施:清除未吸收的毒物、阻止毒物的吸收、促进易吸收毒物的排泄及解毒药的合理使用,整理目前针对不同种类药物所选用合适的解毒药,为临床的合理用药及中毒后及时救治提供参考。

  6. 中草药营养去屑洗发香波的研制%Study on shampoo with nutrition and dandruff containing chinese herbal medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻育红; 周进; 张玲

    2012-01-01

    The active components of Ganoderma lucidum and StepHania tetrandra.S.Moore, triterpenoids and tetrandrine, were extracted by microwave method and then were added into Shampoo. The influence of material dosage and experiment conditions on shampoo with nutrition and dandruff was investigated. The resulted shampoo containing Chinese herbal medicine in this paper was tested according to the trade criterion GB/T11432-89. It can be used safely and there is no stimulation on the skin. The performance of and-dandruff and relieving itching, nourishing and moisten hair, and decontamination was excellent.%选取中草药灵芝和汉防己,采用微波法提取其中的有效成份灵芝三萜和汉防已碱,并将其加入到洗发香波中,考察了原料用量与实验条件对中草药营养去屑洗发香波的影响.实验研制的中草药洗发香波其各项指标均符合国家标准洗发液GB/T11432-89的标准,使用安全,无刺激,有优良的去屑止痒、营养滋润和去污效果.

  7. Herbal Medicine for Anxiety, Depression and Insomnia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lei; Liu, Changhong; Wang, Yicun; Wang, Pu; Li, Yuxin; Li, Bingjin

    2015-01-01

    The prevalence and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety and insomnia are very common. These well-known forms of psychiatric disorders have been affecting many people from all around the world. Herb alone, as well as herbal formula, is commonly prescribed for the therapies of mental illnesses. Since various adverse events of western medication exist, the number of people who use herbs to benefit their health is increasing. Over the past decades, the exploration in the area of herbal psychopharmacology has received much attention. Literatures showed a variety of herbal mechanisms of action used for the therapy of depression, anxiety and insomnia, involving re-uptake of monoamines, affecting neuroreceptor binding and channel transporter activity, modulating neuronal communication or hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis (HPA) etc. Nonetheless, a systematic review on herbal pharmacology in depression, anxiety and insomnia is still lacking. This review has been performed to further identify modes of action of different herbal medicine, and thus provides useful information for the application of herbal medicine. PMID:26412068

  8. Herbal Medicine and Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Applications and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Li

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of herbal medicine in the treatment of liver cancer has a long tradition. The compounds derived from the herb and herbal composites are of considerable interest among oncologists. In the past, certain herbal compounds and herbal composite formulas have been studied through in vitro and in vivo as an anti-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC agent, enhancing our knowledge about their biologic functions and targets. However there is a significant distinction between the herbal medicine and the herbal production even though both are the plant-based remedies used in the practice. In this article, for the sake of clarity, the effective herbal compounds and herbal composite formulas against HCC are discussed, with emphasizing the basic conceptions of herbal medicine in order to have a better understanding of the prevention and treatment of HCC by herbal active compounds and herbal composite formulas.

  9. Safety of Traditional Arab Herbal Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashar Saad

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Herbal remedies are widely used for the treatment and prevention of various diseases and often contain highly active pharmacological compounds. Many medicinal herbs and pharmaceutical drugs are therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another. Toxicity related to traditional medicines is becoming more widely recognized as these remedies become popular in the Mediterranean region as well as worldwide. Most reports concerning the toxic effects of herbal medicines are associated with hepatotoxicity although reports of other toxic effects including kidney, nervous system, blood, cardiovascular and dermatologic effects, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity have also been published in the medical literature. This article presents a systematic review on safety of traditional Arab medicine and the contribution of Arab scholars to toxicology. Use of modern cell biological, biochemical, in vitro and in vivo techniques for the evaluation of medicinal plants safety is also discussed.

  10. Studies on Inhibitory Effect of 18 Kinds of Chinese Herbal Medicine on Escherichia coli%18种中草药对大肠杆菌抑菌效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵鑫荟; 艾启俊

    2013-01-01

    [目的]研究鹿蹄草(WINTERGREEN)、功劳叶(CHINESE HOLLY LEAF)、金樱子(CHEROKEE ROSE FRUIT)和大黄(RHEUMOFFICINALE)等18种中草药提取物的抑菌作用.[方法]采用水煎法提取中草药的有效成分,以大肠杆菌作为供试菌,利用滤纸片法测定中草药提取物的抑菌作用,并用2倍稀释法测定抑菌效果最好的4种中草药的最小抑菌浓度.[结果]1s种中草药中有15种对大肠杆菌有抑制作用;其中鹿蹄草的最小抑菌浓度为31.25 mg/ml,功劳叶、金樱子和大黄的最小抑菌浓度均为62.50 mg/ml.[结论]鹿蹄草对大肠杆菌具有较好的抑制效果.%[Objective] The purpose was to investigate the inhibitory effects of 18 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine including WINTERGREEN, CHINESE HOLLY LEAF, CHEROKEE ROSE FRUIT, RHEUM OFFICINALE. [Method] Water decoction method was adopted to extract the active ingredients from Chinese herbal medicine, whose bacteriostatic effect was then determined by filter paper tablet method with Escherichia coli as the indicator bacteria. Double dilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibition concentrations of four kinds of Chinese herbal medicine, whose bacteriostatic effect was best. [ Result] Among the 18 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine, the extracts from 15 kinds of medicine had Inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli. The minimum inhibition concentration of Winlergreen was 31. 25 mg/ml and Chinese holly leaf, Cherokee rose fruit, rheum officinale was all 62.50 mg/ml. [Conclusion] The Wintergreen had a good inhibition effect to Escherichia coli.

  11. Chinese Herbal Medicine Combined with Conventional Therapy for Blood Pressure Variability in Hypertension Patients: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhuo Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate effect of Chinese medicine combined with conventional therapy on blood pressure variability (BPV in hypertension patients. Methods. All randomized clinical trials (RCTs comparing Chinese medicine with no intervention or placebo on the basis of conventional therapy were included. Data extraction, analyses, and quality assessment were performed according to the Cochrane standards. Results. We included 13 RCTs and assessed risk of bias for all the trials. Chinese medicine has a significant effect in lowering blood pressure (BP, reducing BPV in the form of standard deviation (SD or coefficient of variability (CV, improving nighttime BP decreased rate, and reversing abnormal rhythm of BP. Conclusions. Chinese medicine was safe and showed beneficial effects on BPV in hypertension patients. However, more rigorous trials with high quality are warranted to give high level of evidence before recommending Chinese medicine as an alternative or complementary medicine to improve BPV in hypertension patients.

  12. Oral Chinese herbal medicine combined with pharmacotherapy for stable COPD: a systematic review of effect on BODE index and six minute walk test.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiankun Chen

    Full Text Available This systematic review evaluated the effects of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM plus routine pharmacotherapy (RP on the objective outcome measures BODE index, 6-minute walk test (6MWT, and 6-minute walk distance (6MWD in individuals with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Searches were conducted of six English and Chinese databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, CNKI and CQVIP from their inceptions until 18th November 2013 for randomized controlled trials involving oral administration of CHM plus RP compared to the same RP, with BODE Index and/or 6MWT/D as outcomes. Twenty-five studies were identified. BODE Index was used in nine studies and 6MWT/D was used in 22 studies. Methodological quality was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. Weaknesses were identified in most studies. Six studies were judged as 'low' risk of bias for randomisation sequence generation. Twenty-two studies involving 1,834 participants were included in the meta-analyses. The main meta-analysis results showed relative benefits for BODE Index in nine studies (mean difference [MD] -0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.94, -0.47 and 6MWT/D in 17 studies (MD 54.61 meters, 95%CI 33.30, 75.92 in favour of the CHM plus RP groups. The principal plants used were Astragalus membranaceus, Panax ginseng and Cordyceps sinensis. A. membranaceus was used in combination with other herbs in 18 formulae in 16 studies. Detailed sub-group and sensitivity analyses were conducted. Clinically meaningful benefits for BODE Index and 6MWT were found in multiple studies. These therapeutic effects were promising but need to be interpreted with caution due to variations in the CHMs and RPs used and methodological weakness in the studies. These issues should be addressed in future trials.

  13. Herbal Medicines for Treating Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soobin Jang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines in the management of metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods. On December 9, 2015, we searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, AMED, CNKI, KoreaMed, KMBASE, OASIS, and J-STAGE with no restriction on language or published year. We selected randomized controlled trials that involved patients with metabolic syndrome being treated with herbal medicines as intervention. The main keywords were “Chinese herbal medicines”, “metabolic syndrome”, and “randomized controlled trials”. Herbal substances which were not based on East Asian medical theory, combination therapy with western medicines, and concurrent diseases other than metabolic syndrome were excluded. The risk of bias was assessed by Cochrane’s “Risk of Bias” tool. The protocol or review was registered in PROSPERO (an international prospective register of systematic reviews (CRD42014006842. Results. From 1,098 articles, 12 RCTs were included in this review: five trials studied herbal medicines versus a placebo or no treatment, and seven trials studied herbal medicines versus western medicines. Herbal medicines were effective on decreasing waist circumference, blood glucose, blood lipids, and blood pressure. Conclusion. This study suggests the possibility that herbal medicines can be complementary and alternative medicines for metabolic syndrome.

  14. Herbal medicine use among Turkish patients with chronic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munevver Tulunay

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: In this study herbal medicine use was found to be higher among patients who had been diagnosed with chronic diseases. Therefore physicians should be aware of herbal medicine usage of their patients and inform them about the effectivity and side effects of herbal medicines. [J Intercult Ethnopharmacol 2015; 4(3.000: 217-220

  15. 中草药和益生素对肉仔鸡生产性能影响的研究%The Application Research of Production Performance Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine and Probiotics on Broilers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙根成; 赵德明

    2012-01-01

    试验旨在研究中草药、益生素及其合剂对肉仔鸡生产性能的影响.选择3500只1日龄罗斯308肉仔鸡随机分为7组,每组设5个重复,每个重复100只鸡,对照组饲喂基础日粮,试验1、2、3、4、5组分别在基础日粮的基础上添加0.5%的药方1、药方2、益生素、中草药益生素合剂药方3、中草药益生素合剂药方4组;抗生素组为基础日粮中添加500 mg/kg杆菌肽锌.结果表明,中草药益生素合剂药方3组的体重、料重比、死淘率与对照组相比差异显著(P<0.05),与抗生素组相比差异不显著(P>0.05),优于其它处理组.因此,药方3促生长抗病效果较好,可以替代抗生素.%In order to explore the effect of Chinese herbal medicine, probiotics and its mixture on broiler production traits, the writer divided 3500 chickens into 7 groups randomly, including the blank control group, where broilers were fed on basic feedstuff, the antibiotics control group, where broilers were fed on basic feedstuff and 500 mg/kg bacitracin zinc,the Chinese herbal medicine group 1, the Chinese herbal medicine group 2, the probiotics group, the Chinese herbal medicine and probiotics mixture group 3, the Chinese herbal medicine and probiotics mixture group 4. All the five groups were fed on additional 0.5% their own variations and basic feedstuff. There were five repeats in each group. The results were as follows i compared with the control group, the Chinese herbal medicine and probiotics mixture group 3 had significant differences at the body weight, the feed conversion and the mortality elimination rate of broilers . However, there was no significant difference between group 3 and the antibiotics control group, but its effect was better than any other treatment group. The results indicated the Chinese herbal medicine and probiotics mixture group 3 had better effect on disease-resistant performance and growth promotion, thus, it could be used as a substitute for

  16. 使用中药汤剂治疗眩晕应注意的细节%Details on Traditional Chinese Medicinal Herbal Decoction for Vertigo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕薇

    2012-01-01

    针对治疗眩晕的中药汤剂的特点,对调剂过程中应注意的细节进行了说明;对煎煮过程中需采用特殊煎法的中药饮片进行了归纳;对服用过程中药引的应用、服药温度及时间、饮食宜忌进行了总结.还对含有毒中药和易产生副作用中药的此类汤剂的服用注意事项及此类中药汤剂与西药同用的禁忌等方面进行了探讨,为临床上能够真正安全、合理、有效地运用中药汤剂治疗眩晕提供参考.%Regarding the characteristic of traditional Chinese medicinal herbal decoctions for vertigo, the details during dispensing were explained.The kinds of decoction pieces which should be decocted specially were summarized. The use of guiding herbs, the time and temperature of taking decoctions as well as the compatibility and incompatibility of diet were instructed. Moreover, the issues, such as the precautions for taking the decoctions containing virose species and paratherapeutic decoction pieces and the incompatibility between decoctions and western medicines were discussed. It aimed to provide the references for safe, reasonable and effective use of decoction for the treatment of vertigo in clinical practice.

  17. 中草药饲料添加剂在肉鸡生产中的应用研究%Application Research on Chinese Herbal Medicine Fodder Additive in Broilers' Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳

    2009-01-01

    Summarized the role of Chinese herbal medicine fodder additive mechanism. Introduced the role of promoting growth, improving the quality of chicken, broiler breeding to improve performance, increase the capacity of anti-stress, enhance immunity and resistance to disease. Analyzed the current problems about Chinese herbal feed additive, and viewed the development direction of it in future.%阐述了中草药饲料添加剂的作用机理,指出其对肉鸡具有促进生长、提高鸡肉品质、提高肉种鸡繁殖性能、提高抗应激能力、增强免疫力和抗病力的作用,分析了当前中草药饲料添加剂存在的问题,并对中草药饲料添加剂的发展方向进行了展望.

  18. 施氏鲟抗氧化中草药方剂的筛选%Screening of the Antioxidant Chinese Herbal Medicines for Amur Sturgeon (Acipenser schrencki Brandt)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荻; 刘红柏; 廉超; 罗添允

    2016-01-01

    In order to screen antioxidant Chinese herbal medicines for the culture of Amur sturgeon ( Aci⁃penser schrenckii Brandt) ,Angelica sinensis,Houttuynia cordata and a kind of Chinese herbal compound ( Pre⁃scription I,PI) was decocted with water and then orally given to the experimental fish of 1+age at the tempera⁃ture of 22 ℃. The activities of antioxidant related enzymes and the content of active substrates in tissues were detected after drug administration.Two parallels were set up in the experimental group,with 30 fish in each one. Angelica sinensis,Houttuynia cordata and PI were orally given to fish at a concentration of 0.3 g/kg,0.54 g/kg and 0.8 g/kg,separately once per day with a continuous administration of 14 d.The distilled water was given to fish as the control group. After the withdrawal of 24 h,half of fish in each group were thermal stimulated at 30 ℃ for 2 h and then the blood and liver were sampled together with the experimental groups at 22 ℃. The activities of SOD,NOS and the contents of MDA,NO in blood and liver were determined. The results showed that 3 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines could affect the activities and contents of antioxidant related sub⁃strates in blood and liver of fish. Angelica sinensis and PI were especially useful to increase SOD activity and decrease MDA content in fish. They also had certain regulation function on NO content and NOS activity and could still keep their utilities at high temperature,which could be used as the antioxidant preparations of Chi⁃nese herbal medicines but need further screening and optimization. Besides, Angelica sinensis is rich in re⁃sources,of low price and easy to use,which therefore has a good application prospect and advantage.%采用口灌方法研究了22℃养殖条件下,当归、鱼腥草及一种自组中草药复方(方一)的水煎剂对1+龄施氏鲟组织中抗氧化功能相关的酶活性及活性物质含量的影响。每受试组设两个平行,

  19. Efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for chronic prostatitis associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes: a meta-analysis and literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhiqiang; Yuan, Lei; Wang, Yongchuan; Yang, Baizhi; Dong, Xiaohong; Gao, Zhaowang

    2016-01-01

    Objective The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for chronic prostatitis (CP) associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes. Methods An electronic search of 13 databases up to May 2016 was screened to identify randomized controlled trials comparing the safety and efficacy of CHM for the treatment of CP associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes. Studies reporting on effective rates, adverse events, National Institutes of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI) scores, and symptom index of Chinese medicine for chronic prostatitis (SI-CM) scores as outcomes were included in the analysis. Data were analyzed by fixed- or random-effect models using the Review Manager software. Results Thirteen articles with the modified Jadad score ≥4 were identified. It was found that CHM was superior to placebo in increasing the efficacy (odds ratio: 6.72, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.78–9.48, P<0.00001) and reducing the SI-CM scores (standardized mean difference: −1.08, 95% CI: −1.35 to −0.81, P<0.00001). Oral CHMs were significantly more effective than placebo at reducing NIH-CPSI scores, with a mean difference of −1.39 (95% CI: −1.87 to −0.92, P<0.00001). Nevertheless, no significant differences were found between Prostant and placebo (standardized mean difference: −0.23, 95% CI: −0.46 to 0.01, P=0.06). The frequency of adverse events associated with oral CHM was similar to that associated with placebo (risk ratio: 1.36, 95% CI: 0.72–2.55, P=0.34) and less than that associated with Prostant (risk ratio: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.14–2.34, P=0.008). Conclusion Our novel analysis demonstrates that CHM ranks highest in terms of improvement of CP associated with damp-heat and blood-stasis syndromes. While Prostant showed some efficacy in this disorder, it was associated with a smaller reduction in NIH-CPSI scores. In conclusion, CHM monotherapy is safe and

  20. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  1. Prevention of Canine Distemper in Dog with Chinese Herbal Medicine%中医药对犬瘟热的防制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小九; 李石友; 申时先; 施忠芬; 李秀枝

    2013-01-01

    In order to search a method to protect canine distemper of dog.The study of Chinese herbal medicine started at a cultivation farm in Kunming from April.2009 to Oct.2010,the results showed that all of sick dogs that got canine distemper was about 55.56% and 33.33%. most of them manifested symptoms of double-aspect fever,conjunctivitis,respiratory trachea inflammation,digestion disorder and neural symptom. The causes of why the dogs got this disease were relative to many factors, such as ages, immune status, sexes, environment and the seasons.And it can be used as reference for the prevention and cure of canine distemper.%2009年4月~2010年10月在昆明某养犬场进行中草药配方预防犬的犬瘟热的试验,结果表明,犬在未免疫状况下犬瘟热发病率为55.56%(5/9)和33.33%(3/9).中草药配方防犬瘟2号、3号对犬的犬瘟热疾病以及犬其它疾病有一定的预防作用,分别提高20.83%~33.33%和12.70%~ 18.06%.研究的中草药配方防犬瘟1号也对疫苗预防犬的犬瘟热疾病有较明显的加强效果,可提高33.33%.

  2. A prescribed Chinese herbal medicine improves glucose profile and ameliorates oxidative stress in Goto-Kakisaki rats fed with high fat diet.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Wu

    Full Text Available Oxidative stress (OS plays a role in hyperglycemia induced islet β cell dysfunction, however, studies on classic anti-oxidants didn't show positive results in treating diabetes. We previously demonstrated that the prescribed Chinese herbal medicine preparation "Qing Huo Yi Hao" (QHYH improved endothelial function in type 2 diabetic patients. QHYH protected endothelial cells from high glucose-induced damages by scavenging superoxide anion and reducing production of reactive oxygen species. Its active component protected C2C12 myotubes against palmitate-induced oxidative damage and mitochondrial dysfunction. In the present study, we investigated whether QHYH protected islet β cell function exacerbated by high fat diet (HFD in hyperglycemic GK rats. 4-week-old male rats were randomly divided into high HFD feeding group (n = 20 and chow diet feeding group (n = 10. Each gram of HFD contained 4.8 kcal of energy, 52% of which from fat. Rats on HFD were further divided into 2 groups given either QHYH (3 ml/Kg/d or saline through gastric tube. After intervention, serum glucose concentrations were monitored; IPGTTs were performed without anesthesia on 5 fasting rats randomly chosen from each group on week 4 and 16. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA concentrations and activities of serum antioxidant enzymes were measured on week 4 and 16. Islet β cell mass and OS marker staining was done by immunohistochemistry on week 16. QHYH prevented the exacerbation of hyperglycemia in HFD feeding GK rats for 12 weeks. On week 16, it improved the exacerbated glucose tolerance and prevented the further loss of islet β cell mass induced by HFD. QHYH markedly decreased serum MDA concentration, increased serum catalase (CAT and SOD activities on week 4. However, no differences of serum glucose concentration or OS were observed on week 16. We concluded that QHYH decreased hyperglycemia exacerbated by HFD in GK rats by improving β cell function partly via its

  3. Studies on Drying Mathematic Model of Chinese Herbal Medicine and Parameter Analysis by Heat Transfer Theory%基于传热学原理研究中药材干燥数学模型及参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊耀坤; 何雁; 黄恺; 杜焰; 冯怡

    2012-01-01

    This study was aimed to establish the drying mathematical model of Chinese herbal medicine. The energy changes and influence factors were studied in the process of Chinese herbal medicine dried by thermodynamic theory. The Chinese herbal medicine drying mathematical model and analysis of the parameters ere established. The results showed that the existing drying research of Chinese herbal medicine is the summary of experienced knowledge. There is a big blindness in the choice of the drying method, process and equipment. We quantized the process of drying, and established Chinese herbal medicine drying mathematical model. The established parameters of the external environment are the heat conduction parameter C, the thermal radiation parameter D, and heat exchange parameters E. These parameters reflect the drying efficiency of the drying equipment. The established parameters of medicinal properties are the porosity Φ, specific heat Cp, herbs surface area S. These parameters reflect the herb drying capacity. It was concluded that the strengthening of basic theory study on Chinese herbal medicine drying will provide new methods and ideas for the reasonable selection of drying methods, processes and equipments. Therefore, the drying efficiency will be improved and the energy consumption will be reduced.%目的:建立中药材干燥数学模型,为优化干燥工艺提供理论依据.方法:运用传热学原理,探求中药材干燥过程中影响因数及能量变化过程,建立中药材干燥数学模型,并对参数进行分析.结果:现有中药材的干燥研究多为经验知识的总结,在干燥方法、工艺及设备的选择上存在很大的盲目性.本文量化了中药材干燥过程,建立起中药材干燥数学模型,建立起干燥条件参数:热传导参数C、热辐射参数D、为热交换参数E,用于评价干燥设备的干燥性能;建立起干燥物性参数:孔隙率椎、比热Cp、药材表面积S等,用于评价药材可干燥能力.

  4. Research progress on current pharmacokinetic evaluation of Chinese herbal medicines%中草药新药多成分药代动力学评价的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎国富; 赵浩如; 杨劲

    2011-01-01

    植物药在国外上市前必须经历药代动力学、生物利用度等一系列严格的科学研究以确证其安全性和有效性.美国FDA颁布了(植物药指导原则)以辅助申请者开发植物药,这对中草药新药研发也有极其重要的借鉴意义.该文对与FDA理念相一致的中草药药代动力学评价方法进行了综述和讨论,主要包括中草药中"药代动力学标记物"(PK markers)的鉴定、矩量法整合的多组分药代动力学研究、生物药剂学药物处置分类系统、群体药代动力学--药效动力学在中药-化药相互作用中的研究.%In order to prove safety and efficacy, herbal medicines must undergo the rigorous scientific researches such as pharmacokinetic and bioavailability, before they are put on the market in the foreign countries.Botanical Drug Products promulgated by the US FDA could guide industry sponsors to develop herbal drugs, which was also an important reference for investigating Chinese herbal medicines.This paper reviews and discusses novel approaches for how to assess systemic exposure and pharmacokinetic of Chinese herbal medicines, which were in line with FDA guidance.This mainly focus on identifying pharmacokinetic markets of botanical products, integral pharmacokinetic study of multiple components, Biopharmaceutics drug disposition classification system, and population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study in herb-drug interaction.

  5. Exploratory Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of a Topical Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in Psoriasis Vulgaris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuhe Yan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of herbal ointment, Shi Du Ruan Gao, in patients with plaque-type psoriasis. Design. Single-center, randomized, investigator-blinded, parallel group, placebo-controlled study. Participants. One hundred outpatients with mild to moderate chronic plaque-type psoriasis were enrolled. Intervention. The patients applied either Shi Du Ruan Gao ointment or vehicle ointment topically to for 8 weeks. Main Outcome Measures. The outcomes were assessed using the following criteria: Total Severity Score (TSS, sum of erythema, scaling, and plaque elevation/induration, on a 0 to 4 scale, Investigator Global Assessment (IGA evaluated on a 0 (Clear to 4 (s to very severe scale, and Global Subjects’ Assessment of treatment response on a 7-point scale from −1 (worse to 5 (Cleared. Results. Significant reductions in the Total Severity Score (P<0.001 (mean score: 2.7 after Shi Du Ruan Gao treatment versus 5.1 in control subjects. Both Investigator Global Assessment (IGA and Global Subjects’ Assessment of treatment are better in the Shi Du Ruan Gao group than the control group (P<0.001. Conclusion. Shi Du Ruan Gao ointment was a safe, and effective therapy for plaque-type psoriasis.

  6. The Effects of One Chinese Herbal Medicine on Fracture Healing of Rabbits%一剂复方中药对家兔骨骼愈合的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲伟杰; 李进军; 王生奎

    2011-01-01

    The pathways of Chinese herbal medicine in fracture healing are not very well understood. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of one compound Chinese herbal medicine on rabbits radius fracture healing using indexes(such as the serum Ca. P, serum ALP, and X-ray of bone fracture). 48 healthy mature rabbits were selected to build standard defect models, and randomly divided into experimental groups and control groups. The control rabbits were given standard diet. Experimental rabbits were fed with standard diet plus Chinese herbal medicine (2. 5 g/kg) every day. The detection was performed on the 2,4,6 and 8 weeks after operation. The results of the study showed that the level of serum Ca, P, the activity of AKP and X-ray appearances for taking Chinese herbal medicine after fracture were significantly higher than that of the control. In conclusion, composite Chinese herbs might shorten the time to union, improve the quality of fracture healing and be beneficial to the fracture healing.%复方中药对骨折愈合的作用机制目前尚不明确,本试验通过观察复方中药对家兔桡骨骨折后血清钙、磷、碱性磷酸酶和X线影像学等指标的影响,分析该中药促骨愈合的效能及其可能作用机理.试验选用48只成年家兔,制成骨缺损标准模型,随机分为试验组和空白对照组,试验组每日在饲料中添加复方中药2.5 g/kg饲喂,对照组给予普通饲料.分别于术后2、4、6、8周进行生化指标和X线影像学检测.试验结果表明,试验组血清钙、血清磷、血清碱性磷酸酶及X线片评分骨折后明显高于对照组.该复方中药能缩短骨折愈合过程所需时间,提高骨折愈合质量,有利于骨折愈合.

  7. Coprescription of Chinese herbal medicine and Western medication among female patients with breast cancer in Taiwan: analysis of national insurance claims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang BR

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Bih-Ru Wang,1,2,* Yuh-Lih Chang,1,2,* Tzeng-Ji Chen,3,4 Jen-Hwey Chiu,5,6 Jing Chong Wu,7 Min-Shan Wu,1 Chia-Lin Chou,1 Yueh-Ching Chou1,2,81Department of Pharmacy, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department and Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 4Institute of Hospital and Health Care Administration, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 5Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 7Traditional Medicine Center, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 8College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Many female breast cancer (FBC patients take Chinese herbal medicine (CHM and Western medication (WM concurrently in Taiwan. Despite the possibility of interactions between the CHM and WM mentioned in previous studies, the pattern of these coprescriptions in FBC patients remains unclear. Hence, the aim of the present study is to investigate the utilization of coprescriptions of CHM and WM among the FBC patients in Taiwan.Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey using the sampled cohort in 2009 obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. There were 3,507 FBC patients identified from the registry for catastrophic illness patients. Ambulatory visit records, corresponding prescriptions, and the data of beneficiaries belonging to the FBC patients were further extracted. A total of 1,086 FBC patients used CHM at least once. CHM and WM prescribed within any overlapping duration were defined as coprescriptions.Results: There were 868 (80.0% patients simultaneously receiving CHM and WM. A total of 4,927 CHM prescriptions and 6,358 WM

  8. Chinese Herbal Medicine for Improving Quality of Life Among Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer Patients: Overview of Systematic Reviews and Network Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xinyin; Chung, Vincent C H; Lu, Ping; Poon, Simon K; Hui, Edwin P; Lau, Alexander Y L; Balneaves, Lynda G; Wong, Samuel Y S; Wu, Justin C Y

    2016-01-01

    For patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving chemotherapy, current clinical evidence has indicated add-on benefit of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in improving quality of life (QoL). However, the relative performance among different CHM is unknown. The aim of this overview of systematic reviews (SRs) and network meta-analyses (NMA) is to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of different CHM. Seven electronic databases including both international databases and Chinese databases were searched. SRs focus on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with comparison of CHM plus chemotherapy against chemotherapy alone on QoL among NSCLC patients were considered eligible. Data from RCTs were extracted for random effect pairwise meta-analyses. Pooled relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to quantify the impact of CHM on QoL. NMA was used to explore the most effective CHM for improving QoL when used with chemotherapy. From 14 SRs, 61 RCTs (n = 4247) assessing 11 different CHM were included. Result from pairwise meta-analyses showed 6 CHM (Kang-lai-te injection, Shei-qi-fu-zheng injection, Compound ku-shen injection, Kang-ai injection, Zi-jin-long tablet, and Shen-fu injection) has significant beneficial effect on QoL among NSCLC patients when used with chemotherapy, even after adjustment for publication bias. Pooled RR varied from 1.38 (95% CI: 1.11-1.72, I2 = 0.0%, Kang-lai-te injection) to 3.36 (95% CI: 1.30-8.66, I2 = 0.0%, Zi-jin-long tablet). One trial comparing Hai-shen-su (a protein extract from Tegillarca granosa L.) plus chemotherapy with chemotherapy also demonstrated beneficial effect of combined treatment (RR = 3.13, 95% CI: 1.41-6.98). Results from NMA showed no differences on the comparative effectiveness among CHM, but Hai-shen-su plus chemotherapy has the highest probability (62.3%) of being the best option for improving QoL. Use of CHM on top of chemotherapy can significantly improve QoL in NSCLC patients. Although Hai

  9. 中草药结合涂膜用于草莓保鲜的研究%Chinese Herbal Medicine Combined with Coating for the Preservation of Strawberry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐放; 赵鹏宇; 吴小虎; 石莹; 艾启俊

    2013-01-01

    [目的]研究中草药结合涂膜保鲜技术对草莓保鲜的效果.[方法]以可食性的壳聚糖、纳米氧化硅,以及甘油、单甘脂等为材料,制出一种可食性的草莓保鲜膜,并将鹿蹄草、黄芩、黄柏、半边莲、北豆根5种中草药的单一或组配制剂中保鲜防腐效果最佳的组配进行前期处理.通过腐败率、感官评价等指标判断其对草莓的保鲜效果.[结果]试验表明,壳聚糖-纳米氧化硅保鲜涂膜与鹿蹄草水煎液能够显著抑制青霉、灰霉的繁殖,该处理对草莓有较好的抑菌保鲜作用,能够使常温下“丰香”草莓的保鲜期达到5d.[结论]研究可为目前市场上草莓的常温保鲜提供参考依据.%[Objective] To study fresh-keeping effect of Chinese herbs combing with coating technology on strawberry. [Method] With edible chitosan, nano silica, glycerol, monoglyceride as materials, a kind of edible strawberry plastic wrap was made. Early treatment was conducted on five kinds of Chinese herbal medicine wintergreen, baicalin, Cortex Phellodendri, lobelia, Rhizoma Menispermi in single or group of formulation of preservation and antisepsis effect. The fresh-keeping effect of strawberry was judged by decay rate, sensory evaluation index. [ Result] The experimental results showed that the chitosan-nano silica preservation coating and wintergreen water extract can inhibit the propagation of Penicillium, gray mold, the processing of strawberry has better antibacterial fresh-keeping effect, can make the room temperature" Toyonoka strawberry" preservation period up to 5 days. [Conclusion] The study can provide reference basis for normal temperature preservation of strawberry.

  10. 论实践教学过程中学生中药辨识技能的培养%Cultivation of the Students'Identification Skills of Chinese Herbal Medicine in Pratical Teach-ing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗堃; 严建业; 杨岩涛; 彭买姣; 夏新华; 彭江丽; 郭锦明; 焦懿

    2014-01-01

    中药作为中医防病治病的主要武器,药材之真伪、优劣,关系到临床用药之安全、疗效。因此,中药辨识是一切中药生产、应用、研究至关重要的第一步。我校对接中医药产业培育人才,通过合理配置硬件、软件教学资源,形成一个课内外、校内外联动的实践教学机制,为学生创造自主学习、自我训练的良好条件。在学生实践教学过程中,以传统的中药鉴别经验为基础,结合动植物分类学知识及现代鉴别手段,重点加强学生对中药材的基源、性状、显微、理化四大鉴定的实践技能训练,培养他们快速鉴别中药材真伪优劣的能力,为学生今后从事中药材种植、加工、经营、使用、检验、科研等相关工作奠定坚实基础。%As Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a main way to prevent and cure diseases , the quality of the medicine matters a lot to the safety and efficacy of clinical medication .Therefore , traditional Chinese medicine identification is crucial to the production , application, research of all Chinese medicine .Hunan University of TCM relates TCM industry to talent cultivation and develops a prac -tice teaching mechanism that combines teaching in and outside the class as well as in and outside the campus ., which provides the students with a good environment of self -learning and self-training.Practice teaching of Chinese medicine in our university is based on traditional identification experience of Chinese medicine , combines the knowledge of animal and plant taxonomy with modern identi-fication method .All of these contribute to helping the students develop the ability of identifying the quality of Chinese medicine quickly and lays a solid foundation for such related work as Chinese herbal medicine planting , medicine processing , medicine management , medicine use,medicine inspection, and its scientific research.

  11. Observation of Therapeutic Effects of Two Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicines on Piglet' s Yellow- white Dysentery%两种中成药防治仔猪黄白痢的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢四仙; 张建乐

    2012-01-01

    采用中成药“母仔安”给分娩前3d、产仔后7~10d的母猪喂服、“仔痢宁”给已产黄白痢仔猪的母猪喂服3~5d,观察其发病率、病死率及双月仔猪成活率。试验结果表明:服用“母仔安”的产仔母猪所产仔猪发病率下降11.56%,病死率下降15.58%,双月成活率提高9.61%,非病死率下降1.1%;服用“仔痢宁”的母猪所产仔猪发病率下降6.9%,治愈率占发病数的88.9%,病死率下降18.93%,双月成活率提高8.72%,非病死率下降1.86%。%Piglet's yellow -white dysentery was an epidemic gastroenteritis caused by the pathogenic Escherichia coli with multiple serotypes in piglets induced by dysentery, high incidence, difficulty in cure, the high mortality. The test of feeding Muzian of traditional Chinese herbal medicine three days before delivery or 7 -10 days after farrowing and feeding Zilining of traditional Chinese herbal medicines for 3 - 5 days to sows was done to observe the incidence, mortality and survival rate of piglets bimonthly. The results showed that the incidence of piglet' s yellow - white dysentery after feeding Muzian of traditional Chinese herbal medicines to farrowing sows was seen down by | 1.56%, case fatality rate decreased by 15.58%, bimonthly survival rate increased by 9.61%, non - fatality rate decreased by 1.1%. The incidence of piglet' s yellow - white dysentery after feeding Zilining of traditional Chinese herbal medicines decreased by 6.9% , the cure rate of incidence number was 88.9% , case fatality rate decreased by 18.93% . bimonthly survival rate increased bv 8.72% , non -fatality rate decreased by 1.86%.

  12. Efficiency observations of massotherapy associated with Chinese herbal medicine in treating cervical vertigo%推拿中药结合治疗颈性眩晕的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫红卫; 陈珊珊

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To observe the therapeutic effects of massotherapy associated with Chinese herbal medicine in treating cervical vertigo. Methods: 100 patients with cervical vertigo, who were admitted and treated in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2015, were randomly divided into the experiment group and the control group, with 50 cases in each group. The experiment group received massotherapy associated with Chinese herbal medicine while the control group received only Chinese herbal medicine, the therapeutic effects of two groups were compared. Results: The therapeutic effect of the experiment group was significantly better than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: Massotherapy associated with Chinese herbal medicine could significantly improve the blood circulation in the neck and brain of patients with cervical vertigo, which would in turn improve the patients clinical situation, therefore, it was worthy of clinical application and promotion.%目的:探讨推拿中药联合治疗颈性眩晕的临床效果。方法:将本院自2013年6月—2015年6月收治的100例颈性眩晕患者作为研究对象,随机分为实验组和对照组,每组50例。实验组实施推拿联合中药治疗,对照组实施中药治疗。治疗结束后,比较两组患者的治疗效果。结果:实验组患者的治疗效果明显好于对照组患者,且两组患者比较差异具有显著性。结论:推拿中药联合治疗颈性眩晕患者能够改善其颈部和脑部的血液循环,进而改善患者临床状况,值得在临床推广应用。

  13. Advances in Study on Anti-bacterial Infections of Gastrointestinal Tract of Chinese Herbal Medicines%中草药抗胃肠道细菌感染的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡延渠; 朱盛山; 陈健; 李润萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To make a review about the research of Chinese herbal medicines in anti-bacterial infections of gastrointestinal tract, as the meaning of providing reference for clinical use and further research.Method: The monographs and literatures over the past decade in China about anti-bacterial infections of gastrointestinal tract of Chinese herbal medicines, analyze and summary separately from the two major categories of single herb and compound herbs in anti-bacterial infections of gastrointestinal tract.Result: Single and compound Chinese herbal medicines have good effect in anti-bacterial infections of gastrointestinal tract, and also are with the advantages of rich resources, little side effects, low drug resistance and so on.Conclusion: Chinese herbal medicine is another good ‘ antibiotic’ in clinical treatment of anti-bacterial infections of gastrointestinal tract, and has the great significance of development.%目的:综述中草药在抗胃肠道细菌感染方面的研究进展,为临床使用和进一步研究提供参考.方法:检索、查阅国内近10年来有关中草药抗胃肠道细菌感染的研究性文献与著作,并就单味和复方中药对引起胃肠道感染的各属致病菌的抑菌作用进行分析总结.结果:单味和复方中药对常见的致胃肠道感染的各属致病菌具有较强抑菌作用,且具备资源丰富、副反应小、不易产生耐药性等优势.结论:中草药是临床治疗胃肠道细菌感染的另一良好"抗生素",具有重大研发意义.

  14. Diagnosis of public programs focused on herbal medicines in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camargo, Ely Eduardo Saranz; Bandeira, Mary Anne Medeiros; de Oliveira, Anselmo Gomes

    2011-07-01

    The present study is aimed to diagnose the current public programs focused on herbal medicines in Brazil by means of in loco visits to 10 programs selected by means of questionnaires sent to 124 municipalities that count on herbal medicine services. The main purpose of the implementation of program programs is related to the development of medicinal herbs. 70% of them are intended for the production of herbal medicines and 50% are aimed to ensure the access of the population to medicinal plants and or herbal medicines. The initiative of the implementation of these programs was related to the managers (60%). The difficulties in this implementation were due to the lack of funding (100%) of the programs. In 60% of the programs, the physicians did not adhere to herbal medicine services due to the lack of knowledge of the subject. Training courses were proposed (80%) to increase the adhesion of prescribers to the system. Some municipalities use information obtained from patients to assess the therapeutic efficiency of medicinal plants and herbal medicines. Of the programs underway, cultivation of medicinal plants was observed in 90% and 78% of them adopt quality control. In most programs, this control is not performed in accordance with the legal requirements. The programs focused on medicinal plants and herbal medicines implemented in Brazil face some chronic problems of infrastructure, management, operational capacity and self-sustainability, which can be directly related to the absence of a national policy on medicinal plants and herbal medicines.

  15. Theory of traditional Chinese medicine and therapeutic method of diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Ai-Ping; Jia, Hong-Wei; Xiao, Cheng; Lu, Qing-Ping

    2004-07-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine, including herbal medicine and acupuncture, as one of the most important parts in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), plays the key role in the formation of integrative medicine. Why do not the modern drugs targeting the specificity of diseases produce theoretical effects in clinical observation? Why does not the traditional Chinese medicine targeting the Zheng (syndrome) produce theoretical effects in clinic? There should have some reasons to combine Western medicine with Chinese herbal medicine so as to form the integrative medicine. During the integration, how to clarify the impact of CAM theory on Western medicine has become an emergent topic. This paper focuses on the exploration of the impact of theory of traditional Chinese medicine on the therapy of diseases in Western medicine.

  16. Theory of traditional Chinese medicine and therapeutic method of diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Ping Lu; Hong-Wei Jia; Cheng Xiao; Qing-Ping Lu

    2004-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine, including herbal medicine and acupuncture, as one of the most important parts in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), plays the key role in the formation of integrative medicine. Why do not the modern drugs targeting the specificity of diseases produce theoretical effects in clinical observation? Why does not the traditional Chinese medicine targeting the Zheng (syndrome) produce theoretical effects in clinic?There should have some reasons to combine Western medicine with Chinese herbal medicine so as to form the integrative medicine. During the integration, how to clarify the impact of CAM theory on Western medicine has become an emergent topic. This paper focuses on the exploration of the impact of theory of traditional Chinese medicine on the therapy of diseases in Western medicine.

  17. Effects of Chinese Herbal Medicine Combined with He-Ne Laser on Lipoperoxide and Superoxide Dismutase in Chloasma Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Yan-hua; LI Qi-lin; YANG Xiu-wen

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effects of Chinese decoction and ligustrazin hydrochloride injection combined with He-Ne laser on lipoperoxide (LPO) and Superoxide dismutase (SOD) in patients with chloasma.Methods:90 cases of chloasma were randomly divided into the following two groups:a treatment group (of 54 cases) treated by a self-prepared prescription for toning the kidneys and relieving the depressed liver to remove blood stasis, ligustrazin hydrochloricde injection and He-Ne laser therapy, and a control group (of 36 cases) treated with oral administration of Vitamin E and Vitamin C plus external application of 20% Azelaic acid cream.Results:The total effective rate in the treatment group was 79.6%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05).After treatment, the LPO level in the treatment group was significantly lowered (P<0.01), and the SOD level was significantly elevated (P<0.05).Conclusion:The therapeutic methods adopted in the treatment group may show the action of antioxidation, providing good clinical effects for treating chloasma.

  18. Opportunities to Fast-Track Chinese Herbal Therapies into Clinical Practice Through Research Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stephen M. Sagar

    2008-01-01

    @@ Chinese herbal therapies provide new opportunities to treat cancer and reduce adverse events at multiple chemical,molecular, and physiological levels. Chinese medicine incorporates the notion of 'biosemiosis.' This emphasizes biology considered from the perspectives of signs conveyed and interpreted in a variety of ways,through systems at the macroscopic and microscopic levels, including the communication of singns and meaning between molecules.

  19. 中药材扑克牌式趣味学习卡的设计与应用%Design and Application of Poker-like Funny Learning Card for Chinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小方; 欧阳辉; 傅国强; 曾鸿鹄; 敖梅英

    2012-01-01

    目的:为提高中医药教学水平提供借鉴.方法:通过品种选编、图片采集、知识整理、样品制作等,设计制作扑克牌式学习卡,将常用中药材的实物彩图与知识要点印制成扑克牌形式的趣味学习卡,作为《中药材》等课程教学用品,并在《中药材》课堂进行应用与测评.结果:学习卡共设计5辑,每辑含4副扑克牌式学习卡,分别为原植物彩图、药材彩图、中文知识要点、英文知识要点.初样在实际教学应用中效果较好,通过扑克游戏和趣味记忆让学生掌握知识.结论:中药材扑克牌式趣味学习卡设计美观大方,简便易用,知识性与趣味性强,寓教于乐,能有效地促进教学效果,是教学良好的辅助工具,在中医药教学中具有开创性和启发性.%OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for improving teaching level of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Poker-like funny learning cards printed with pictures and knowledge tips of common used can be applied as study facilities, it is designed and applied to enhance learning enthusiasm of students. METHODS: Design process included species selection, picture collection, knowledge tips compilation, learning card samples preparation and so on. The color graph and knowledge point of Chinese herbal medicine were made into poker-like funny learning card as realia of course of Chinese Herbal Medicine. The learning card was applied and tested in the class of Chinese Herbal Medicine. RESULTS: There were 5 series of learning cards, each series contained 4 pokers: the original plant color graph, medicinal materials color graph, Chinese knowledge points, English knowledge points. The applied samples achieved good effect in the teaching practice, and students can master the knowledge easily with poker games and interesting memory methods. CONCLUSIONS: The design of poker-like funny learning card for Chinese Herbal Medicine is artistic, graceful, concise and convenient. The cards are full of

  20. 中草药在正畸牙移动牙周组织改建中的作用%The function of Chinese herbal medicine in the reconstruction of periodontal tissue during orthodontic tooth movement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雅竹; 管晓燕; 肖茜文; 王斯玮; 刘建国

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Orthodontic tooth movement is based on the periodontal tissue remodeling. In the exogenous factors accelerating orthodontic tooth movement, Chinese herbal medicine has become a research hotspot because of its wide resources, low cost, easy to extract, mild effect, smal toxic, less side effects and drug resistance. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the role of Chinese herbal medicine in the periodontal tissue remodeling during orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS:A computer-based retrieval of CNKI, Wanfang and PubMed databases was performed for articles related to Chinese herbal medicine for improving orthodontic tooth movement published before 2014. The keywords were “Chinese herbal medicine, orthodontic tooth movement, periodontal tissue remodeling” in Chinese and English, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Erigeron breviscapus, Salvia, teasel, Drynaria, baicalin, evening primrose oil as Chinese herbs are most widely used in the promotion of periodontal tissue remodeling, characterized as wide resources, low cost, easy to extract, mild effect, low toxicity, less drug resistance. In the clinical orthodontic treatment, it is hoped to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement and shorten the treatment time. Therefore, under the appropriate corrective force, Chinese herbs can be used properly to improve periodontal tissue repair and remodeling, which can improve the microcirculation of periodontal tissue, increase the local blood flow, promote bone formation and repress bone resorption.%背景:正畸牙移动以牙周组织改建为基础和前提,在加快正畸牙移动的外源性因素中,中草药以其资源广,成本低,易提取,作用温和,毒副作用小,不易产生耐药性等优点成为研究的热点。目的:就中草药在正畸牙移动牙周组织改建中的作用等研究进展作一综述。方法:使用计算机检索中国知网,万方医学网及PubMed数据库从建库起至2014年有关促进正畸

  1. Identification of herbal medicinal materials using DNA barcodes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming LI; Hui CAO; Paul Pui-Hay BUT; pang-Chui SHAW

    2011-01-01

    Herbal medicinal materials have been used worldwide for centuries to maintain health and to treat disease. However, adulteration of herbal medicines remains a major concern of users and industry for reasons of safety and efficacy. Identification of herbal medicinal materials by DNA technology has been widely applied,started from the mid-1990s. In recent years, DNA barcoding of global plant species using four standard barcodes (rbcL, matK, trnH-psbA and ITS) has been a major focus in the fields of biodiversity and conservation. These DNA barcodes can also be used as reliable tools to facilitate the identification of herbal medicinal materials for the safe use of herbs, quality control, and forensic investigation. Many studies have applied these DNA barcodes for the identification of herbal medicinal species and their adulterants. The present article reviews efforts in the identification of herbal medicinal materials using the standard DNA barcodes and other DNA sequence-based markers.

  2. Review of Anti-Inflammatory Herbal Medicines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona Ghasemian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Medicinal plants and their secondary metabolites are progressively used in the treatment of diseases as a complementary medicine. Inflammation is a pathologic condition that includes a wide range of diseases such as rheumatic and immune-mediated conditions, diabetes, cardiovascular accident, and etcetera. We introduce some herbs which their anti-inflammatory effects have been evaluated in clinical and experimental studies. Curcuma longa, Zingiber officinale, Rosmarinus officinalis, Borago officinalis, evening primrose, and Devil’s claw are some of the introduced medicinal herbs in this review. Since the treatment of inflammation is not a one-dimensional remedy, this review tries to reach a multidimensional therapeutic approach to inflammation with the help of herbal medicine and modification in lifestyle.

  3. Four properties law of nature data of Chinese materia medica in "Chinese herbal medicine (CHM)"%《中华本草》药性数据中的四气规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雪梅; 林端宜; 赖新梅; 陈梅姝; 黄璐琦

    2013-01-01

    目的:以四气为核心,分析中药药性数据中气与味、归经、毒性之间的相关关系,为中医临床用药、中药实验研究、中药新资源开发等提供理论线索和数据支持.方法:在对数据等级编码基础上,采用spearman等级相关法对《中华本草》中8 356味具有四气属性中药的药性规律进行分析.结果:四气与辛、甘2味存在显著正相关(P<0.01);与苦、淡2味存在显著负相关(P<0.01);与脾、胃、肾三经存在显著正相关(P<0.01);与大肠、心、膀胱、胆、小肠、肺六经(按相关性递减排序)存在显著负相关(P<0.01);与毒性之间存在显著正相关(P<0.01).结论:药性越“热”则越可能具有辛、甘2味,越常入脾、胃、肾三经,其毒性更大;药性越“寒”则越可能具有苦、淡2味,越常人大肠等六经.%Objective:In order to provide theoretical clues and data support for the use of Chinese medicine clinical drug,experimental study of Chinese materia medica and development of new resources of Chinese materia medica,the four properties as the core,the relationships of property,flavor,channel tropism and toxicity in nature data of Chinese materia medica were analyzed.Method:The spearman rank correlation method was employed to analyze 8 356 Chinese drugs with characteristic of four properties from "Chinese Herbal Medicine" based on data level coding.Result:It was discovered that four properties showed significant positive correlations with tastes of "pungent and sweet",channels of "spleen","stomach","kidney" and "toxicity",but also showed significant negative correlations with tastes of "bitter" and "hght" and six channels such as "large intestine","heart"," bladder","gallbladder","small intestine" and "lung" (in descending order of correlation) (P <0.01).Conclusion:It was indicated that the more hot the Chinese medicine nature,the more possible it contained "toxicity",tastes of "pungent" and "sweet",and the more

  4. 扶正减毒颗粒在肺癌及食管癌放疗中的应用观察%The Effect of Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of lung and esophagus cancer treated with radiotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄辉; 郭明; 徐鹏飞; 魏鹏飞

    2011-01-01

    目的:评价中成药扶正减毒颗粒在肺癌及食管癌放疗中所起作用.方法:对80例食管癌及肺癌放疗患者随机分成用药组和对照组,用药组40例患者饭前半小时温开水200毫升冲服扶正减毒颗粒,3次/日,1袋/次,从放疗开始服用至放疗结束,对照组饭前半小时服用200毫升温开水.对比放疗前后各种指标的变化情况.结果:用药组在减轻放疗损伤方面疗效明显,尤其在口干、纳呆、乏困、咽下疼痛和心烦失眠方面,扶正减毒颗粒可以明显减轻不良反应.结论:在肺癌和食管癌放疗期间配合服用中药扶正减毒颗粒可以起到明显的减毒、改善临床症状的作用.%Objective: To evulate the effect in the treatment of lung cancer and esophagus with radiotherapy combinded Chinese herbal medicine.Methods: Total of 40 patients were treated with radiotherapy and herbal medicine, Chinese herbal medicine -Fuzhengjiandukeli was taken 30 minutes before the dinner, another 40 patients were treated with radiotherapy only.Results :The observed group in reducing radiation damage efficacy was obvious, especially in dry mouth, natrium stay, deficient trapped, swallow pain and upset insomnia, centralizer reduction poison particles can significantly reduce adverse reaction.Conclusion: The Chinese herbal medicine - Fuzhengjiandukeli can effectively prevent and improve clinical symptoms indaced by radiotherapy in lung cancer and esophagus cancer.

  5. Herbal Medicine Scenario in India and European Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parul Agarwal

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Herbal medicines are the synthesis of therapeutic experiences of generations of practising physicians of indigenous systems of medicine for over hundreds of years while nutraceuticals are nutritionally ormedicinally enhanced foods with health benefits of recent origin and marketed in developed countries. Herbal medicines are also ingreat demand in the developed world for primary health care because of their efficacy, safety and lesser side effects. They also offer therapeutics for age-related disorders like memory loss, osteoporosis, immune disorders, etc. for which no modern medicine is available. WHO too has not systematically evaluated traditional medicines despite the fact that it is used for primary health care by about 80% of the world population. However, in 1991 WHO developed guidelines for the assessment of herbal medicine. Suggestions for herbal medicine standardization are outlined. The scenario and perceptions of herbal medicine are discussed.

  6. [Cloud Point extraction for determination of mercury in Chinese herbal medicine by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry with optimization using Box-Behnken design].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mei; Li, Shan; Zhou, Jian-dong; Xu, Ying; Long, Jun-biao; Yang, Bing-yi

    2014-08-01

    Cloud point extraction (CPE) is proposed as a pre-concentration procedure for the determination of Hg in Chinese herbal medicine samples by hydride generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS). Hg2+ was reacted with dithizone to form hydrophobic chelate under the condition of pH. Using Triton X-114, as surfactant, chelate was quantitatively extracted into small volume of the surfactant-rich phase by heating the solution in a water bath for 15 min and centrifuging. Four variables including pH, dithizone concentration, Triton X-114 concentration and equilibrium temperature (T) showed the significant effect on extraction efficiency of total Hg evaluated by single-factor experiment, and Box-Behnken design and response surface method- ology were adopted to further investigate the mutual interactions between these variables and to identify their optimal values that would generate maximum extraction efficiency. The results showed that the binomial was used to fit the response to experimental levels of each variable. ALL linear, quadratic terms of four variables, and interactions between pH and Trion X-114, pH and di- thizone affected the response value(extraction efficiency) significantly at 5% level. The optimum extraction conditions were as follows: pH 5.1, Triton X-114 concentration of 1.16 g x L(-1), dithizone concentration of 4.87 mol x L(-1), and T 58.2 degrees C, the predicted value of fluorescence was 4528.74 under the optimum conditions, and the experimental value had only 2.1% difference with it. Under the conditions, fluorescence was linear to mercury concentration in the range of 1-5 microg x L(-1). The limit of detection obtained was 0.01247 microg x L(-1) with the relative standard deviations (R.S.D.) for six replicate determinations of 1.30%. The proposed method was successfully applied to determination of Hg in morindae Radix, Andrographitis and dried tangerine samples with the recoveries of 95.0%-100.0%. Apparently Box-Behnken design combined with

  7. Clinical effect of Chinese herbal medicine Jiaweisimiaowan on gout%中药四妙丸加味治疗痛风的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁波; 王新宴; 王文清

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨痛风及高尿酸血症患者的异同及四妙丸加味治疗痛风的机制.方法 观察30例缓解期痛风患者、32例高尿酸血症患者和31名健康对照者超敏C反应蛋白(hsCRP)、胰岛素抵抗、尿酸、胆固醇、甘油三酯的区别.痛风组服用中药四妙丸加味14 d后复查hsCRP、胰岛素抵抗和尿酸.结果 痛风组hsCRP显著高于高尿酸血症组及健康对照组(P<0.01),服用中药治疗后痛风组hsCRP显著下降(P<0.01),尿酸变化无统计学意义.结论 中药四妙丸加味可能是通过减轻炎症反应达到治疗目的 .%Objective To investigate difference between gout and hyperuricemia patients and mechanism of treatment of Chinese herbal medicine Jiaweisimiaowan on gout.Methods Gout group(n=30),simple hyperuricemia group(n=32)and control group(n=31)were observed.Patients of gout group took Jiaweisimiaowan for 14 days.Levels of blood high sensitive C reactive protein(hsCRP),resistance of insulin,uric acid,cholesterol and triglycerides were measured.Results hsCRP in gout group was obviously higher than that in hyperuricemia group and control group(P<0.01).There were no difference in resistance of insulin,cholesterol and triglycerides between gout and hyperuricemia group.hsCRP in gout group was obviously lower after taking Jiaweisimiaowan while uric acid did not change.Conclusions Jiaweisimiaowan has effect of anti-inflammation on gout patients.

  8. 三种中草药抗氧化性研究%Study on Antioxidant Activities of Three Types of Chinese Herbal Medicines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩明; 蔺志铎; 薛福玲; 吴冬青

    2009-01-01

    The microware assisted extraction technique was used to extract flavonids from Geranium wilfordii Maxim, Siegesbeckia orientalis L.,Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb. Meanwhile, the antioxidative activities of three types of Chinese herbal medicines were studied by determining the reducing capacity, antioxidative activity in lipid and scavenging effects on hydroxyl radical. The flavonoid content from theirs were Geranium wilfordii Maxim (132. 516 mg/g), Siegesbeckia orientalis L. (78.4749mg/g),Oldenlandia diffusa(Willd.) Roxb(35. 6519rag/g). The extract had strong reducing capacity and scavenging effects on hydroxyl radical,scavenging effects on hydroxyl radical were positive correlation to extract concentration, and also the extraction possessed antioxidant activities in lipid. Their antioxidant activities had difference. This work offers the new scientific data for the further studies of comprehensive utilization of the Herb resource.%微波辅助法提取3种中草药中黄酮类化合物,从还原能力、清除羟基自由基和抗油脂氧化方面,研究其抗氧化活性.结果表明:3种中草药中,总黄酮含量从高到低依次为:老鹤草(132.516mg/g)、稀莶草(78.4749mg/g)、白花蛇舌草(35.6519mg/g).其提取物具有较好的还原能力,且对羟基自由基均有明显的清除作用,其清除效果随提取物浓度的增加而增强.三种中草药提取物也具有一定的抗油脂氧化能力,它们的抗氧化能力存在差异.实验结果为我们更加合理开发利用这些药用植物提供了很好的科学依据.

  9. Can Chinese herbal medicine improve outcomes of in vitro fertilization? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huijuan Cao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A large number of infertile couples are choosing Chinese herbal medicine (CHM as an adjuvant therapy to improve their success when undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF. There is no systematic review to evaluate the impact of CHM on the IVF outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of CHM with concurrent IVF versus IVF alone on the outcomes of IVF and its safety. METHODS: The protocol of this study is registered at PROSPERO. Eligible RCTs searched from 8 databases which compared a combination of CHM and IVF with IVF alone were included. Two authors independently selected studies, extracted data and assessed methodological quality. Meta-analysis of RCTs was conducted if there was non-significant heterogeneity (evaluated by I(2 test among trials. All statistical analysis was performed using RevMan 5.1 software. RESULTS: Twenty trials involving 1721 women were included in the meta-analysis. Three trials were evaluated as having an unclear risk of bias. The remaining trials were evaluated as having a high risk of bias. Combination of CHM and IVF significantly increases clinical pregnancy rates (OR 2.04, 95%CI 1.67 to 2.49, p<0.00001 and ongoing pregnancy rates (OR 1.91, 95%CI 1.17 to 3.10, p = 0.009. Use of CHM after embryo transfer had no better outcome in reducing the rate of ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OR 0.39, 95%CI 0.14 to 1.11, p = 0.08. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis showed that combination of IVF and CHM used in the included trials improve IVF success, however due to the high risk of bias observed with the trials, the significant differences found with the meta-analysis are unlikely to be accurate. No conclusion could be drawn with respect to the reproductive toxicity of CHM. Further large randomized placebo controlled trials are warranted to confirm these findings before recommending women to take CHM to improve their IVF success.

  10. Effects of Chinese Herbal Medicine Prescriptions on Reproduction Performance of Transition Period Dairy Cows%复方中草药添加剂对围产期奶牛繁殖性能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王煦; 宋元振

    2016-01-01

    The objective of study was to investigate the effects of Chinese herbal medicine additive on reproduction performance of perinatal dairy cows,and to provide theoretical basis and methods to exert the production performance of dairy cows. Totally 32 Chinese Holstein dairy cows with similar calving date,parity,milk production were randomly divided into 4 groups:control group,group A,group B,and group C.The control group fed diet,the experimental group added prescription Chinese herbal medicine from prenatal 21 days to postpartum 21days(total 42 days).The amount of Chinese herbal medicine added in Group A,Group B,and Group C is respectively 50g/d,100g/d,and 150g/d. The results show that The hormone secrection about cow's reproduction,ifrst estrus,during postpartum 70 day cows estrus ratio and calving interval were improved by adding Chinese herbal medicine to dietary during postpartum.It is indicate that the cows repreduction performance were improved by adding Chinese herbal medicine to dietary during postpartum.%本试验旨在探讨在基础日粮中添加复方中草药对围产期奶牛生殖激素的影响,以期为更好地发挥奶牛的遗传潜力提供理论依据。选用健康的围产期荷斯坦牛32头,按照年龄相近、胎次相近、预产期相近的原则,随机分成4组,对照组饲喂常规基础日粮,处理A组、处理B组、处理C组在基础日粮基础上添加复方中草药,从产前21d~产后21d连续饲喂42d,添加量分别为50g/d、100g/d、150g/d。结果表明:奶牛围产期日粮中添加复方中草药可促进围产期奶牛生殖激素的分泌,促进遗传潜力的发挥;奶牛围产期日粮中添加复方中草药可提高第一情期受胎率、产后70d内第一次发情的母牛比率,缩短分娩至产后第一次配种间隔天数和产犊间隔,促进奶牛产后体况恢复,提高奶牛的繁殖性能。

  11. Toxicological considerations of herbal medicines in clinical use

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    IkegF; FujiY

    2002-01-01

    Based on herbal crude drugs listed in WHO monographs,the clinical uses and toxicity such as acute,chronic and mutagenic of 16 herbal medicines among 210 medicinal prescriptions used in present-day Japan are summarized.These herbal medicines are claddified into two categories:8 kinds of prescription containing Bupleurum root such as Sho-saiko-to and Saiko-keishi-to,or 8 kinds of prescription not containing Bupleurum root such as Juzen-taiho-to and Ninjin-yoei-to.Some potential interactions between herbal medicine and the Western drugs are also described.

  12. Traditional Chinese herbal remedies for Asthma and Food Allergy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiu-Min

    2009-01-01

    The increasing prevalence of allergic diseases in westernized countries is a significant health problem. Curative therapies for these diseases are not available. There are also significant concerns regarding the potential side effects from the chronic use of conventional drugs such as corticosteroids, especially in children. Many patients with chronic allergic conditions seek complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies including traditional Chinese medicines (TCM). This trend has begun to attract interest from the mainstream healthcare providers and scientific investigators, and has stimulated government agencies in the US to provide support and guidance for the scientific investigation of CAM. This effort may lead to improved therapies and better healthcare/patient outcomes. This review presents an update on the most promising Chinese herbal remedies for asthma and food allergy. PMID:17560638

  13. Chinese Herbal Medicine Analysis of External Treatment for Cancer Pain%外治癌痛中药的药性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董昌盛; 王菊勇; 许玲; 张瑞新; 劳力行

    2012-01-01

    Objective; Analysis the Chinese herbal nature of common external treatment herbals, investigate the trend of medication. Method; Retrieval the clinical research of treating cancer pain with Traditional Chinese Herbs which published on domestic periodicals from 1/1980 to 12/2011 , Statistics the frequency and ratio of drugs and its nature. Result; The principal activating blood and resolving stasis drug and detoxification and analgesia herbal drug are the main external treatment herbs, the TCM generally with warm property, the TCM common tastes acrid, common Channel distributions of Traditional Chinese Herbs is liver meridian, most of Traditional Chinese Herbs is non-toxic. Conclusion; The external treatment of cancer pain should be considered activating blood and resolving stasis and detoxification and analgesia, pay attention to pungent and fragrant of acrid herbs, the treatment of cancer pain may choose liver meridian herbs, we should pay attention to the toxicity of Traditional Chinese Herbs for medication safety.%分析中医外治癌痛常用中药的药性,探讨用药趋势.检索1980年1月~2011年12月年在国内医学期刊公开发表的中医外治法治疗癌性疼痛的临床研究文献,统计分析常用中药和药性的频次和频率.结果表明:中药外治癌痛的药物主要为活血化瘀和解毒止痛药,药性多温,味多辛,主要归肝经,大多无毒.癌痛外治应考虑行气活血化瘀、解毒止痛的治疗方法,注意辛味药辛香走窜的药理作用,要酌情选用归肝经的药物,并注意中药毒性,确保用药安全.

  14. Management and application of Chinese herbal pieces of small package in the medicine chamber%小包装中药饮片在煎药室的管理与应用探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙园园; 刘灿坤

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the management and application of Chinese herbal pieces of small package in the medicine chamber, especially the safety of toxic, medicine thing in the medicine chamber. Methods:According to the ministry of health, the State Administration of traditional Chinese medicine formulation of the “medical institutions of traditional Chinese medicine decocting room management norms”, combined with the actual work experience, the development of management measures and the application of the method to improve the. Results:Through the improvement of management and application of Chinese herbal pieces of small package, can determine the medicine further check and identification, especially for dose verification more direct reality, particularly conducive to the further management of poisonous hemp medicine. Conclusion:Chinese herbal pieces of small package is conducive to the management in the medicine chamber and the application of more perfect and reasonable. The utility model has the advantages of convenient: The medicine check and identification and medicine dose verification, to retain the medicine name, dose of the original packaging, for reference;enhance the toxicity of medicine, further management means; disadvantages: packaging bag (white) pollution (also recyclable) and economic costs, increased demolition charge time.%  目的:探讨小包装中药饮片在煎药室管理应用中更加完善合理性,尤其毒、麻药物在煎药室的安全性。方法:参照卫生部、国家中医药管理局制定的《医疗机构中药煎药室管理规范》等文件,结合实际工作经验,制定完善的管理措施和应用方法。结果:通过完善小包装中药饮片管理与应用,可进一步的明确药物的查对及鉴别,尤其对剂量核查更加直接现实,特别有利于对毒、麻药物的进一步管理。结论:小包装中药饮片有利于在煎药室管理与应用中更加完善合理。其优

  15. [Regulative mechanisms of mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway in glomerular hypertrophy in diabetic nephropathy and interventional effects of Chinese herbal medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jing-Jing; Huang, Yan-ru; Wan, Yi-gang; Shen, Shan-mei; Mao, Zhi-min; Wu, Wei; Yao, Jian

    2015-08-01

    Glomerular hypertrophy is the main pathological characteristic in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy (DN), and its regulatory mechanism is closely related to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway activity. mTOR includes mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and mTOR complex 2(mTORC2), in which, the upstream pathway of mTORC1 is phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/serine-threonine kinase(Akt)/adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase(AMPK), and the representative signaling molecules in the downstream pathway of mTORC1 are 4E-binding proteins(4EBP) and phosphoprotein 70 S6Kinase(p70S6K). Some Chinese herbal extracts could improve cell proliferation via intervening the expressions of the key molecules in the upstream or downstream of PIK/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in vivo. As for glomerular mesangial cells(MC) and podocyte, mTOR plays an important role in regulating glomerular inherent cells, including adjusting cell cycle, energy metabolism and matrix protein synthesis. Rapamycin, the inhibitor of mTOR, could suppress glomerular inherent cell hypertrophy, cell proliferation, glomerular basement membrane (GBM) thickening and mesangial matrix deposition in model rats with DN. Some Chinese herbal extracts could alleviate glomerular lesions by intervening mTOR signaling pathway activity in renal tissue of DN animal models or in renal inherent cells in vivo and in vitro.

  16. 中草药防治放射性口干症的研究进展%Progress of Chinese Herbal Medicine for Prevention and Treatment of Radioactive Xerostomia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海东

    2012-01-01

    Radioactive xerostomia is due to the changes of saliva in number, property and composition which caused by radiation damage to salivary glands of head and neck cancer patients after radiation radiotherapy. The prevention and treatment of radioactive xerostomia includes reducing the exposed volume and preventively administration of drugs. Chinese herbal medicine has played an active role in the prevention against radiation xerostomia. Scholars have applied Chinese herbal medicine to radiotherapy for head and neck cancer to improve local control rate and relieve, the pain caused by xerostomia and achieve good effect.%放射性口干症是因接受放疗的头颈部肿瘤患者其唾液腺受到照射后发生损伤,唾液分泌的数量、性质、成分改变所引起的,对其防治主要包括减少暴露体积、预防性使用药物.中草药在防治放射性口干症方面发挥了积极的作用,学者们运用具有活血化瘀、养阴生津的中药辅助头颈部肿瘤的放疗对提高局部控制率、缓解放疗中口干疼痛的不良反应取得了较好的效果.

  17. 14种中草药对常见畜禽病原菌的体外抗菌研究%Bacteriostatic Test in vitro of 14 Chinese Herbal Medicines Against Common Pathogenic Bacteria of Livestock and Poultry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 魏磊; 王学方; 李晓; 董建军

    2015-01-01

    To study the effects of antibacterial activity of Chinese herbal medicine extracts ,the antibacterial activity of 14 Chinese herbal medicines to Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureu,Streptococcus pyogenes,Salmonella typhimurium, Streptococcus pneumonia,chicken Escherichia coli,chicken Staphylococcus aureu,Salmonella pullorum and Staphylococcus agalactiae was tested by filtering paper method and microdilution method. The extracts of honeysuckle flower ,fructus forsythiae,radix scutellar,rhizoma coptidis and cortex phellodendri chinensis have effective antibacterial activity.%为研究中草药提取物对畜禽常见病原菌的抑制作用,采用微量二倍稀释法和滤纸片法测定了14种中草药提取物对大肠杆菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、化脓性链球菌、鼠伤寒沙门氏菌、肺炎链球菌、鸡大肠杆菌、鸡金黄色葡萄球菌、鸡白痢沙门氏菌和牛无乳链球菌的抑制作用。结果表明:金银花、连翘、黄芩、黄连和黄檗具有良好的抗菌活性。

  18. Theory of traditional Chinese medicine and therapeutic method of diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Ai-Ping; Jia, Hong-Wei; Xiao, Cheng; Lu, Qing-Ping

    2004-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine, including herbal medicine and acupuncture, as one of the most important parts in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), plays the key role in the formation of integrative medicine. Why do not the modern drugs targeting the specificity of diseases produce theoretical effects in clinical observation? Why does not the traditional Chinese medicine targeting the Zheng (syndrome) produce theoretical effects in clinic? There should have some reasons to combine We...

  19. Immunomodulatory Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hung Lin; Ching-Hua Yeh; Li-Jen Lin; Shulhn-Der Wang; Jen-Shu Wang; Shung-Te Kao

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang (SFYCT), consisting of 13 medicinal plants, was used to treat patients with lung diseases. This study investigated the immunoregulatory effect of SFYCT on intratracheal lipopolysaccharides- (LPS-) challenged acute lung injury (ALI) mice. SFYCT attenuated pulmonary edema, macrophages, and neutrophils infiltration in the airways. SFYCT decreased inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α ), interleukin-1 β , and...

  20. Applications of traditional Chinese medicines: bacterial biofilms as a target

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, X.

    2015-01-01

    Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHM) are of significant importance for human health care in China and have a profound cultural and philosophical background described in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theories. The main objective of TCM is to maintain or restore the balance of the body as a whole (

  1. Changing the knowledge base in Western herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Sue

    2008-12-01

    The project of modernising Western herbal medicine in order to allow it to be accepted by the public and to contribute to contemporary healthcare is now over two decades old. One aspect of this project involves changes to the ways knowledge about medicinal plants is presented. This paper contrasts the models of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) and Traditional Knowledge (TK) to illuminate some of the complexities which have arisen consequent to these changes, particularly with regard to the concept of vitalism, the retention or rejection of which may have broad implications for the clinical practice of herbal medicine. Illustrations from two herbals (central texts on the medicinal use of plants) demonstrate the differences between these frameworks in regard to how herbs are understood. Further, a review of articles on herbal therapeutics published in the Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine indicates that practitioners are moving away from TK and towards the use of EBM in their clinical discussions.

  2. Scientific Evidence on the Supportive Cancer Care with Chinese Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William CS CHO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Complementary and alternative medicine has been increasingly utilized by cancer patients in developed countries. Among the various forms of complementary and alternative medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine is one of the few that has a well constructed theoretical framework and established treatment approaches for diseases including cancer. Recent research has revealed growing evidence suggesting that Traditional Chinese Medicine is effective in the supportive care of cancer patients during and after major conventional cancer treatments. This paper succinctly summarizes some published clinical evidence and meta-analyses which support the usage of various Traditional Chinese Medicine treatment strategies including Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture and Qigong in supportive cancer care.

  3. Microbial quality of some medicinal herbal products in Kashan, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mazroi Arani Navid; Sharafati Chaleshtori Reza; Rafieian-kopaei Mahmoud

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The use of medicinal plants has risen worldwide. In Iran, herbal waters and rose waters are of traditional medicinal products and as a result, they are widespreadly consumed. Therefore, diagnosis of microbial quality of these products is important. The aim of this study was to evaluate microbial quality of herbal extracts distributed in Kashan, Iran. Methods: In this descriptive study, 256 samples of herbal waters and 191 samples of rose waters (total samples of 447) distributed...

  4. DPPH和FRAP法测定41种中草药抗氧化活性%Determination of Antioxidative Activity of 41 Kinds of Chinese Herbal Medicines by Using DPPH and FRAP Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉霞; 刘建华; 林峰; 杜向党

    2011-01-01

    The antioxidative activities of 41 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines were determined and selected. The antioxidative substances were extracted from Chinese herbal medicines by 70 percent ethanol and omni ruptor. The spectrophotometric method was used to study the antioxidant activities of medicinal herbs by DPPH and FRAP methods. The results show that these kinds of medicinal herbs including Polygonum multiflorum, Rheum pamatum, Epimedium grandiforum, Ctataegus tifiga, Paeonia lactiflora, Comus officinalis have strong antioxidant activities. When the concentration is 10 mg/mL,the extracts from these six herbs reduce at least 70% of DPPH and the FRAP value of antioxidative capacity is more than 200,and the others have weaker antioxidative activity.%为了测定41种抗衰老中草药的抗氧化活性,筛选了抗氧化作用强的中草药.实验采用70%的乙醇作溶剂,超声细胞破碎仪对药物进行提取,抗氧化能力的测定使用分光光度计,应用DPPH和FRAP进行测定.通过测定41种中草药乙醇提取液对DPPH自由基的清除能力和FRAP值,表征其抗氧化能力.结果表明:何首乌、大黄、淫羊藿、山楂、白芍、山茱萸等在10 mg/mL的浓度下,对DPPH自由基的清除率超过70%,总抗氧化能力的FRAP值>200,抗氧化能力较强;其他药物也有不同程度的抗氧化活性,但作用较弱.

  5. 基于电子鼻的中药材鉴别新方法研究%Study of a New Method for Identification to Chinese Herbal Medicine Based on Electronic Nose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红秀; 骆德汉; 李卫东; 王燕

    2011-01-01

    目的:运用德国Airsense公司制造的便携式电子鼻PEN3提取中药材挥发的气味信息来建立气味指纹图谱,以实现岭南道地药材的鉴别.方法:选取传感器稳定后的合适实验数据,分别应用主成分分析( PCA)和线性判别分析(LDA)这两类模式分析方法识别苍术、佛手、高良姜、广陈皮、广木香、化橘红、香薷、徐长卿、阳春砂等9种岭南道地药材.结果:数据实验表明,采用LDA分析法的识别率达到100%.而采用PCA分析法时,图中每类样品主要呈带状分布,其集中度远不如LDA分析法,且香薷和阳春砂出现部分样本点交叉分布的现象.结论:采用电子鼻系统PEN3及LDA分析方法能够很好地鉴别不同品种的中药材,具有一定的实际意义和应用价值.%Objective: The objective in this study is to differentiate varieties of Chinese Herbal medicine in the south of the Five Ridges based on an electronic nose PEN 3 from Airsense Company in Germany, which can exploit information on behavior aroma of different Chinese Herbal medicine. Methods: It used suitable empirical data after the sensors stability and two pattern analysis. Principal component analysis ( PCA ) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA ) were used to investigating nine kinds of different Chinese Herbal medicine in the south of the Five Ridges such as Rhizoma Atractylodis, bergamot. Lesser Galangal Rhizome, citrus chachiensis hortorum, CostusRoot, PummeloPeel, Chinese Mosla Herb, Paniculate Swallowwort Root, Amomum villosum Lour, and so on. Result :The experimental data approve that the system can classify 100% of the total samples using LDA analysis. But, the concentration ratio of those sample distribution map using PCA analysis is lower than using LDA analysis. Some sampling point of Chinese Mosla Herb and Amomum villosum Lour rise up cross-distribution phenomenon in PCA analysis. Conclusion : The results obtained prove that the electronic nose PEN 3 using LDA

  6. [Cataplasma of traditional Chinese medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Wei; Gao, Wen-yuan; Wang, Tao; Liu, Yun-bin; Xue, Jing; Xiao, Pei-gen

    2003-01-01

    The TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) transdermal plaster (also known as "cataplasma") are flexible adhesive patches used for treatment of pain, resulted from arthritis, sprain and bruise, tendovaginitis, lumbar spine protrude, neuralgia, hyperosteogeny ache, abdominal discomfort and metastatic cancer, etc. Since the 1980's, investigators in China have used this modern patch delivery system for herbal drugs and obtained satisfactory results especially from the treatment of various types of pain associated with bone diseases, abdominal discomfort, and tumors, etc. The production of TCM cataplasma was successfully scaled up in early 90's and the commercial product line for an antirheumatic agent was first established in Shanghai by Leiyunshang Group. Thus far, a number of products in the form of TCM cataplasma became commercially available in the market, and clinical investigations with these products indicated that topically applicable herbal preparations, especially in the form of cataplasma, are preferred formulations with respect to the treatment comfort of the patient. Compared to the traditional preparations which utilize rubber and rosin as adhesives, cataplasma is advantageous in that the lipophilic and hydrophilic ingredients of the herbal extracts are solubilized and then "gellified" with the organic polymers, and that the drug matrix containing up to 40%-70% of water serves as a "drug reservoir" that will sustain the quick and continuous release of herbal ingredients over several days across the skin. While there are conventional remedies for palliation of pain and discomfort associated with bone diseases or cancers, administration of oral medicinal herbs combined with topical agents such as TCM cataplasma may significantly alleviate the symptoms and improve their quality of life. This article provides a review on three aspects, which include the process development, characteristics and developmental status of TCM cataplasma, and future development of

  7. Prostatosis Treated with Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHO Chang-quan; LANG Zi-lin; XIN Lin; HUANG Guo-qi

    2003-01-01

    According to differentiation of symptoms and signs, prostatosis was divided into pattern of dampness and heat in the lower energizer, pattern of qi stagnation and blood stasis, pattern of deficiency and cold in the lower abdomen, and pattern of qi deficiency and kidney deficiency. Prostatosis were treated mainly by acupuncture, plus moxibustion and Chinese medicine, and the effect was good.

  8. 创新中草药调剂工作,建设全流程服务系统%Innovation of Chinese herbal medicine dispensing work, construction whole process of pharmaceutical care system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古今; 张玉萌; 何新荣

    2016-01-01

    中草药调剂有着数千年的历史沿革,其过程复杂,工作量大,且调配过程容易出现差错。基于我院标准化和信息化服务理念,研发中药房全流程药学服务与管理系统,具有合理用药审核,处方自动均衡分配,调剂工作历史追溯,叫号取药一键式,库存监控、工作量统计和药斗中药材消耗量统计等由人工改为自动统计、自动生成等特点。该系统应用在我院中药房整个调剂过程中,确保了调剂过程中称量的准确性、分付剂量均匀性,解决了患者取药等候时间长和合理用药指导缺乏等问题,大大提升了中药药学服务水平和服务质量。%[AbstrAct]Dispensing of Chinese herbal medicine has thousands of years of history, the process is complex, workload is large, and the dispensing errors easily occur. Based on the standardization and information technology in our pharmaceutical care concept, intelligent system of Chinese herbal medicine was researched and developmented, containing the rational use of drugs, prescription automatic equilibrium assignment, dispensing work tracing back to the history, taking medicine one-click, inventory control, workload statistics and Chinese traditional medicine consumption statistics by automatic statistics instead of hand. The application of the system in the whole pharmacy dispensing process in our hospital assured the weighing accuracy, allotments uniform dose, solved some problems such as long waiting time, deficiency of reasonable medication guidance, promoted the Chinese medicine pharmacy service level and service quality.

  9. Studies on locally available three anti-diabetic herbal medicines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shoeb

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Herbal medicines are being used for the treatment of different diseases for centuries. Sustainable development of herbal medicines need the study of their safety, efficacy and standardization are essential. Two commercially available herbal medicines i.e., Ziabetes (dolabi and Jambadayrist, and a folkloric medicine prepared from four plant materials by a local practitioners were investigated for their chemical compositions. Four compounds were isolated from the extracts of these medicines by silica gel column chromatography. Oleic acid and p-hydroxycinnamic acid were isolated from the aqueous 80%ethanol extract of the folkloric medicine whereas benzoic acid was found to be present in Ziabetes and Jambadayrist. The present investigation revealed that excessive amount of benzoic acid (or sodium benzoate is being added as preservative in commercial herbal medicines.

  10. Overview of intestinal normal flora related diseases and therapeutic effect of Chinese herbal medicine through regulating intestinal flora%肠道菌群与疾病发生及中草药调节和治疗作用的研究概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘骏; 孙经梦; 王辉

    2013-01-01

    The normal flora and the balance of intestinal microecology are important to human body.Chinese herbal medicines can regulate the intestinal flora.This article reviewed the relationship between normal flora and the pathogenesis of diseases,together with the researches about the regulatory function of Chinese herbal medicines on the intestinal flora,discussed the correlation between the effect of Chinese herbal medicine on disease prevention and treatment and its regulation on intestinal flora,which provides a reference for the pharmacological study and clinical application of Chinese herbal medicine.%肠道正常菌群及微生态稳定对人体极具重要性,中草药对肠道菌群具有调节作用.本文综述了人体的肠道正常菌群与疾病产生和发展的关系,结合中草药对肠道菌群调节作用的研究,探讨中药调节肠道菌群与其发挥疾病防治效果之间的相关性,以期为中草药的临床应用及药理学研究提供一定的参考依据.

  11. Herbal hepatotoxicity in traditional and modern medicine: Actual key issues and new encouraging steps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf eTeschke

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Plants are natural producers of chemical substances, providing potential treatment of human ailments since ancient times. Some herbal chemicals in medicinal plants of traditional and modern medicine carry the risk of herb induced liver injury (HILI with a severe or potentially lethal clinical course, and the requirement of a liver transplant. Discontinuation of herbal use is mandatory in time when HILI is first suspected as diagnosis. Although herbal hepatotoxicity is of utmost clinical and regulatory importance, lack of a stringent causality assessment remains a major issue for patients with suspected HILI, while this problem is best overcome by the use of the hepatotoxicity specific CIOMS (Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences scale and the evaluation of unintentional reexposure test results. Sixty five different commonly used herbs, herbal drugs, and herbal supplements and 111 different herbs or herbal mixtures of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM are reported causative for liver disease, with levels of causality proof that appear rarely conclusive. Encouraging steps in the field of herbal hepatotoxicity focus on introducing analytical methods that identify cases of intrinsic hepatotoxicity caused by pyrrolizidine alkaloids, and on omics technologies, including genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and assessing circulating micro-RNA in the serum of some patients with intrinsic hepatotoxicity. It remains to be established whether these new technologies can identify idiosyncratic HILI cases. To enhance its globalization, herbal medicine should universally be marketed as herbal drugs under strict regulatory surveillance in analogy to regulatory approved chemical drugs, proving a positive risk/benefit profile by enforcing evidence based clinical trials and excellent herbal drug quality.

  12. 中药联用厄贝沙坦治疗糖尿病肾病微量白蛋白尿期的疗效观察%Observation of Combining Chinese Herbal Medicine with Irbesartan Early Stage Diabetic Nephrosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍红娟

    2011-01-01

    Objective :To inquire into the therapeutic effect and mechanisms of chinese herbal medicine combined with irbesartan for treatment of early stage diabetic nephropathy.Methods:88 patients with early stage diabetic nephrosis were randomly divided into 2 groups.The control group( n =44) was treated with irbesartan, diabetic diet, controlling glucose etc.The treatment group( n =44) treated with chinese herbal medicine.Six weeks constituted one course.Changes of urea nitrogen, serum creatinie, blood lipid, glycosylated hemoglobin,MDA,SOD, CRP and ACR before and after treatment were investigated.Results:After treatment, investigated indexes except urea nitrogren ,serum creatinine and glycosylated hemoglobin, improved significantly in the treatment group( P < 0.01 ).Conclusion :chinese herbal medicine and irbesartan can markedly decrease ACR.%目的:探讨中药联用厄贝沙坦治疗糖尿病肾病(DN)微量白蛋白尿期的疗效和作用机制.方法:将糖尿病微量白蛋白尿期患者88例随机分成治疗组与对照组,每组44例,对照组给予糖尿病饮食、控制血糖及口服厄贝沙坦片等常规治疗,治疗组在常规治疗的基础上加用中药口服.两组均以6周为1个疗程.观察两组治疗前后ACR(尿白蛋白与肌酐的比值)、尿素氮、血肌酐、血脂、血糖、糖化血红蛋白、丙二醛、超氧化物歧化酶、CRP等指标变化.结果:治疗组治疗后除尿素氮、血肌酐、糖化血红蛋白等外其他各项指标与对照组比较均有明显改善(P<0.01).结论:中药联用厄贝沙坦有较好的降低尿微量白蛋白及改善血糖血脂的作用.

  13. Economic Analysis on the Technique Progress of Chinese Herbal Medicine Biotechnology Industry in Taiwan Province%台湾中草药生技产业技术进步之经济分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施正屏; 洪永裕

    2011-01-01

    The Chinese herbal medicine biotechnology industry in Taiwan province contains four parts, namely biotechnology and new pharmaceutical, traditional pharmaceutical, health food, and traditional food. Despite energetic support and active promotion from Taiwan province, the Chinese herbal medicine market and industry development make little progress and lack in a clear development strategy. In order to find out the current status and restricting factors of Chinese herbal medicine biotechnology industry in Taiwan province, to facilitate Taiwan agricultural development to advance toward high--new agriculture, and to alleviate the problems of agriculture, countryside and farmers and enhance people's health, this article attempts to establish econometric model for estimating the main products, main production factors, output price elasticity, supply and demand price elasticity, technological trends, and so on. The study also aims to determine the direction of industry and technology development and give corresponding proposals concerning the aspects of supply, demand and technology.%台湾中草药生技产业包含四大产业分别是生技新药、传统制药、保健食品、传统食品,其间虽历经近30年台湾的大力扶持与积极推动,中草药之需求及产业发展仍然迟滞,而且缺乏明确的发展战略。为充分掌握目前台湾中草药生技产业发展现况及制约因素,推动台湾农业迈向高新农业发展,进而缓和三农问题并促进全民健康,该研究拟建立计量经济模型,估计出台湾中草药生技产业之主要产品及其所使用之主要生产要素之产出价格弹性、供给与需求价格弹性、技术倾向等,确认产业及技术发展方向,就供给、需求及技术等面向提出具体发展之建议。

  14. Effect of Auricular Plaster Therapy plus Umbilical Application of Chinese Herbal Medicine on Opioid Action%耳穴贴压联合中药敷脐对阿片类药物作用的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴辉渊

    2016-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of auricular plaster therapy plus umbilical application of Chinese herbal medicine on opioid analgesic action and adverse reactions.MethodOne hundred and twentypatients with cancer pain treated with opioids were randomly allocated to treatment and control groups. The treatment group received auricular plaster therapy plus umbilical application of Chinese herbal medicine. Opioid dosage and adverse reactions were observed in the two groups.ResultOpioid dosage, the severities of nausea, vomiting and defecation and the incidences of dizziness, somnolence, itching, urinary voiding difficulty and Respiratory inhibition decreased significantly and the quality of life improved significantly in the treatmentgroup compared with the control group.ConclusionAuricular plaster therapy plus umbilical application of Chinese herbal medicine can improve opioid analgesic effect and reduce the incidences and severities of adverse reactions.%目的:观察耳穴贴压联合中药敷脐对阿片类药物镇痛效果及不良反应的影响。方法将120例使用阿片类药物的癌性疼痛患者随机分为治疗组与对照组,治疗组采用耳穴贴压联合中药敷脐治疗,观察两组阿片类药物使用量及不良反应。结果与对照组比较,治疗组阿片类药物的用量明显减少,恶心呕吐、便秘的程度明显下降,头晕、嗜睡、瘙痒、排尿困难、呼吸抑制发生率明显减少,生活质量改善明显提高。结论耳穴贴压联合中药敷脐能增强阿片类药物的镇痛效果,减少不良反应发生率并降低其严重程度。

  15. [Toxic hepatitis due to the use of Ruta herbal medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabaev, Elena; Zeller, Lior; Biton, Amnon; Barski, Leonid

    2011-03-01

    In recent years, the use of herbal medicine by the general population is increasing. There are many known side effects resulting from these treatments. Despite the known side effects, physicians tend to neglect the anamnesis details regarding this issue and research budgets of these drugs are relatively low compared with conventional medicine, thus causing a lack of updated information. In this case report, we present an example of toxic hepatitis due to use of Ruta herbal medicine, an unfamiliar side effect of the common herbal medicine Ruta.

  16. The effect of Chinese herbal medicine"heche assisted pregnancy recipe"on endometrial estrogen and progesterone receptor, proliferating cell nuclear antigen and vascular endothelial growth factor in the patients with infertility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘效群; 阚国英; 彭玉梅; 樊瑞琴; 齐惠敏; 焦妹芬; 李忠; 石彬; 尹桂然; 董锡月

    2003-01-01

    Objectives:To investigate the effect of Chinese herbal medicine"heche assisted preg-nancy recipe (HCAPR)" on estrogen receptor(ER), progesterone receptor (PR), pro-lifierating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)in endometrium of infertile women.Methods: The S-P immunohistochemical assay was used to observe expression ofER, PR , PCNA and VEGF in late proliferative phase before and after the HCAPR treat-ment.Results: After the treatment, the expression of ER,PR,PCNA and VEGF in nucleiof glandular epithelium and stromal cells was significantly stronger (all P<0. 001) re-spectively than that before treatment , especially the expression of PCNA and VEGF.Conclusions: These results suggest that traditional Chinese medicine HCAPR oftonifying kidney and regulating menstruation increased the synthesis of ER,PR, PCNAand VEGF, which may promote normal growth and development of the endometrium ,improve the micro-environment of the endometrium, and enhance uterine receptivity.The evidence may provide theoretical basis for therapy infertility with Chinese herbalmedicine.

  17. Herbal medicine development: a plea for a rigorous scientific foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lietman, Paul S

    2012-09-01

    Science, including rigorous basic scientific research and rigorous clinical research, must underlie both the development and the clinical use of herbal medicines. Yet almost none of the hundreds or thousands of articles that are published each year on some aspect of herbal medicines, adheres to 3 simple but profound scientific principles must underlie all of herbal drug development or clinical use. Three fundamental principles that should underlie everyone's thinking about the development and/or clinical use of any herbal medicine. (1) There must be standardization and regulation (rigorously enforced) of the product being studied or being used clinically. (2) There must be scientific proof of a beneficial clinical effect for something of value to the patient and established by rigorous clinical research. (3) There must be scientific proof of safety (acceptable toxicity) for the patient and established by rigorous clinical research. These fundamental principles of science have ramifications for both the scientist and the clinician. It is critically important that both the investigator and the prescriber know exactly what is in the studied or recommended product and how effective and toxic it is. We will find new and useful drugs from natural sources. However, we will have to learn how to study herbal medicines rigorously, and we will have to try to convince the believers in herbal medicines of the wisdom and even the necessity of a rigorous scientific approach to herbal medicine development. Both biomedical science and practicing physicians must enthusiastically accept the responsibility for searching for truth in the discovery and development of new herbal medicines, in the truthful teaching about herbal medicines from a scientific perspective, and in the scientifically proven clinical use of herbal medicines.

  18. 美国关于中药法律法规的历史沿革及展望%Development of US Federal Laws and Regulations Regarding Chinese Herbal Medicine:History and Outlook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛

    2013-01-01

    Chinese medicine, categorized as the complementary and alternative medicine in the United States, is one of many kinds of traditional medicines. By far, no speciifc law or regulation is released in U.S. particularly aimed at the Chinese herbal medicine ( CHM ). The legal restriction and management for CHM were scattered in other different laws and regulations. The Guide for Botanical Drugs released in 2004 has opened a door for Chinese medicine into the American mainstream pharmaceutical market. The Chinese medicine enterprises should make full use of the guide, selecting some traditional Chinese medicine products that have remarkable curative effects and meet the FDA requirements, to complete their new drug applications in the United States and push them to the American pharmaceutical market as soon as possible. This article mainly studied the laws, regulations and policies regarding CHM published by US federal government and the Food and Drug Administration, analyzed their inlfuence on CHM development and investigated the developing trend of CHM in the U.S..%中医药在美国只是相对西药独立存在的多种传统医药的一种。为与西医进行区分,美国人将这些不同的医学统一称为补充与替代医学。迄今为止,美国尚无对中药管理的专门法律法规,对中药的要求分散在不同的法律法规中。2004年,美国颁发了《植物药物产品指南》,为以植物药为主的中药进入美国主流医药市场开启了一扇大门。我国中医药企业应充分利用《植物药物产品指南》,选择能够在较短时间内满足FDA相关要求并具有显著疗效的中药产品,完成中药在美国的新药申请并尽快上市。

  19. 欧盟传统草药专论述评%Review on community herbal monographs for traditional herbal medicinal products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹文俊; 瞿礼萍; 叶祖光; 姬建新; 李伯刚

    2011-01-01

    该文通过对欧盟传统草药专论的建立与评价进行深入分析研究,关注传统草药专论的最新进展,阐明欧盟传统草药专论与简化注册的关系,为我国中药产品欧盟注册提供参考.%This article discusses the characteristics of cmmunity herbal monographs for traditional herbal medicinal products and its establishment procedure. It also reviews the new development of cmmunity traditional herbal monographs. The purpose is to clarify the relationship between cmmunity herbal monographs and simplified registration for traditional herbal medicinal product in European Union and provide reference to the registration of taditional Chinese mdicinal products in Europe.

  20. [The plant origins of herbal medicines and their quality evaluation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishibe, Sansei

    2002-06-01

    The caulis (stem and leaf) of Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lem. (Apocynaceae) is listed as the plant origin of Luoshiteng in the Chinese Pharmacopeia. However, preparations from the caulis of Ficus pumila L. (Moraceae) or Psychotria serpens L. (Rubiaceae) are distributed on the Chinese market. The fruit of Forsythia suspensa Vahl (Oleaceae) is listed as the plant origin of Forsythia Fruit in the Chinese Pharmacopeia, although the fruits of two Forsythia species, F. suspensa and F. viridissima Lindley, are listed as the plant origins in the Japanese Pharmacopeia, and fruits of three Forsythia species, F. viridissima, F. koreana Nakai, and F. suspensa, are listed in the Korean Pharmacopeia. The whole plant of Plantago asiatica L. (Plantaginaceae) is listed as the plant origin of Plantago Herb in the Japanese Phamacopeia, but the whole plants of two Plantago species, P. asiatica and P. depressa Wild, are listed as the plant origins in the Chinese Pharmacopeia. The leaves of two Plantago species, P. lanceolata L. and P. major L., are distributed as Plantain on the European market. Each of these herbal medicines is reviewed based on the differences in plant origins and their quality evaluation from the viewpoints of the morphological properties, chemical components, and biological activities, respectively.

  1. Analysis of Sheng-Mai-San, a Ginseng-Containing Multiple Components Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine Using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Physical Examination by Electron and Light Microscopies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yung-Yi; Tsai, Tung-Hu

    2016-09-01

    Sheng-Mai-San is a multi-component traditional Chinese herbal preparation. Due to the fact granulated additives, such as starch, carboxymethyl cellulose, lactose and raw herbal powder may alter the content of the bioactive markers in the herbal products, a developed ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was used to measure the herbal biomarkers of ginsenoside Rb₁, Rb₂, Rc, Rd, Re, Rg₁, Rh₁, compound K, ophiopogonin D and schizandrin from the Sheng-Mai-San herbal formulation. Besides, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the morphology of the herbal granular powders. Light microscopy with Congo red and iodine-KI reagent staining was used to identify the cellulose fiber and cornstarch added to pharmaceutical herbal products. The swelling power (SP), water solubility index (WSI), and crude fiber analysis were used to determine the contents of cellulose fiber and cornstarch in pharmaceutical herbal products. In this study, we developed a novel skill to assess the quantification of appended cornstarch in pharmaceutical herbal products using Aperio ImageScope software. Compared with the traditional cornstarch analysis, our analysis method is a rapid, simple and conversion process which could be applied to detect the percentage of added cornstarch in unknown powder products. The various range of the herbal content for the five pharmaceutical manufacturers varied by up to several hundreds-fold. The physical examination reveals that the morphology of the herbal pharmaceutical products is rough and irregular with sharp layers. This study provides a reference standard operating procedure guide for the quality control of the Chinese herbal pharmaceutical products of Sheng-Mai-San.

  2. Herbal mixtures in the traditional medicine of Eastern Cuba

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hernández, J.; Volpato, G.

    2004-01-01

    Herbal mixtures in the traditional medicine of Eastern Cuba. Traditional herbal mixtures in Eastern Cuba are investigated through interviews with 130 knowledgeable people and traditional healers of the provinces of Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo. One hundred seventy plant species and other products

  3. Effects of dietary Chinese herbal medicine compounds on antioxidant capacity in rainbow trout%复方中草药对虹鳟抗氧化能力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙裔雷; 王荻; 刘红柏

    2015-01-01

    A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of two kinds of Chinese herbal compound on antioxidant defenses of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss for application of Chinese herbal compound in rainbow trout culture.Juvenile rainbow trout of 1+old with body weight of(200.0±1.5)g were randomly divided into outdoor circulating circular tanks at a rate of 120 fish per tank and fed basal diet and the diets containing two kinds of Chinese herbal medicine compounds(No.1 Artemmisia capillaries and Isatis indigotica;No.2 Arnebia guttata and Lonicera japonic)at feeding rate of 2.5% with duplication at water temperature of(17±1)℃ for 30 days.The NO and malonaldehyde(MDA)contents, activities of total nitric oxide synthase(TNOS), inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), superoxide dismutase(SOD)and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-PX)and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC)were determined in serum, liver, spleen and kidney of the rainbow trout fasted for 24 hours at the end of the experiment.The results showed that there were significantly higher activity of SOD and significantly lower content of MDA in liver in the rainbow trout fed the diets containing Chinese herbal medicines than those in the juveniles fed the basal diet(P<0.05).The contents of NO in liver, spleen and kidney, the activity of iNOS in spleen, and the serum T-AOC were found to be increased significantly in the rainbow trout fed the diets containing Chinese herbal compound 1(P<0.05), with higher activity of GSH-PX in serum.The rainbow trout fed the diets containing Chinese herbal compound 2 had significantly higher content of NO in the kidney.The findings indicate that compound 1 improves the antioxidant capacity effectively, and can be used as an excellent antioxidant of Chinese herbal medicine for rainbow trout.%为了将中草药作为饲料添加剂长期应用于虹鳟养殖生产, 探讨了复方中草药对虹鳟Oncorhynchus mykiss抗氧化能力的影响.在水温为(17±1)℃条件下,

  4. History of Chinese medicinal wine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Xun-Li

    2013-07-01

    Chinese medicinal wine is one type of a favorable food-drug product invented by Chinese ancestors for treating and preventing diseases, promoting people's health and corporeity, and enriching people's restorative culture. In the course of development of the millenary-old Chinese civilization, Chinese medicinal wine has made incessant progress and evolution. In different historical periods, Chinese medicinal wine presented different characteristics in basic wine medical applications, prescriptions, etc. There are many medical and Materia Medica monographs which have systemically and specifically reported on Chinese medicinal wine in past Chinese dynasties. By studying leading medical documents, this article made an outline review on the invention, development, and characteristics of Chinese medicinal wine.

  5. A review of herbal medicines in wound healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maver, Tina; Maver, Uroš; Stana Kleinschek, Karin; Smrke, Dragica M; Kreft, Samo

    2015-07-01

    Herbs have been integral to both traditional and non-traditional forms of medicine dating back at least 5000 years. The enduring popularity of herbal medicines may be explained by the perception that herbs cause minimal unwanted side effects. More recently, scientists increasingly rely on modern scientific methods and evidence-based medicine to prove efficacy of herbal medicines and focus on better understanding of mechanisms of their action. However, information concerning quantitative human health benefits of herbal medicines is still rare or dispersed, limiting their proper valuation. Preparations from traditional medicinal plants are often used for wound healing purposes covering a broad area of different skin-related diseases. Herbal medicines in wound management involve disinfection, debridement, and provision of a suitable environment for aiding the natural course of healing. Here we report on 22 plants used as wound healing agents in traditional medicine around the world. The aim of this review is therefore to review herbal medicines, which pose great potential for effective treatment of minor wounds.

  6. Herbal Medicines: Malaysian Women’s Knowledge and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Law Kim Sooi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study among Malay women admitted in the antenatal and postnatal ward to determine the prevalence and use of herbal medicines during pregnancy and elemental analysis in the most popular herbs. A total of 460 women were surveyed. Herbal medicine use during pregnancy was 34.3%, while 73% utilized herbal medicines during labor, because of a belief that it may shorten and ease labor. The most commonly used herbal medicines in pregnancy were Anastatica hierochuntica L. (60.1% followed by coconut oil (35.4%. The majority of women (89.2% used only one type of herbal medicines and took one capsule/glass (38% per day. Herbal medicines use by pregnant women is largely unsupervised (81%, with most women getting information from their parents (60.7% and buying the products directly from traditional midwives (32.2% and 77% agreed upon its efficacy and safety. From the 460 respondents, 89.8% women were in the low end of the herbs knowledge. There was a significant difference found between knowledge score and income (P<0.05. Microdiffraction analysis revealed significant presence of carbon, oxygen, silica, calcium, magnesium, aluminium, potassium, zinc, and iron that were found in Anastatica hierochuntica L. and proved to have good benefits for pregnancy.

  7. Risks and benefits of commonly used herbal medicines in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Fragoso, Lourdes; Reyes-Esparza, Jorge; Burchiel, Scott W; Herrera-Ruiz, Dea; Torres, Eliseo

    2008-02-15

    In Mexico, local empirical knowledge about medicinal properties of plants is the basis for their use as home remedies. It is generally accepted by many people in Mexico and elsewhere in the world that beneficial medicinal effects can be obtained by ingesting plant products. In this review, we focus on the potential pharmacologic bases for herbal plant efficacy, but we also raise concerns about the safety of these agents, which have not been fully assessed. Although numerous randomized clinical trials of herbal medicines have been published and systematic reviews and meta-analyses of these studies are available, generalizations about the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines are clearly not possible. Recent publications have also highlighted the unintended consequences of herbal product use, including morbidity and mortality. It has been found that many phytochemicals have pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic interactions with drugs. The present review is limited to some herbal medicines that are native or cultivated in Mexico and that have significant use. We discuss the cultural uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological, and toxicological properties of the following plant species: nopal (Opuntia ficus), peppermint (Mentha piperita), chaparral (Larrea divaricata), dandlion (Taraxacum officinale), mullein (Verbascum densiflorum), chamomile (Matricaria recutita), nettle or stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), linden flower (Tilia europea), and aloe (Aloe vera). We conclude that our knowledge of the therapeutic benefits and risks of some herbal medicines used in Mexico is still limited and efforts to elucidate them should be intensified.

  8. Chinese medicine and the surgeon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Ping-Chung; Biji, Sreedhar; Yeung, Chung-Kwong

    2011-07-01

    The surgeon aims at a direct, complete removal of the pathology. In spite of the modern advancements of imaging facilities and precision instrumentations, unsatisfactory results and recurrences are not uncommon. This paper provides a general review of the four specific areas in surgery that would benefit from Chinese medicine. Extensive searches were made on four surgical areas based on available English language journals, viz. low-back pain, chronic ulcers, renal calculus, and enuresis in children, in the past 10 years. The quoted communications are mainly related to clinical evidences, while a smaller number of crucial laboratory reports are also included. Low-back pain, a most frequent orthopaedic problem, would benefit from acupuncture treatment. Chronic leg ulcers could achieve better results of healing using herbal supplements. Problems of renal stones, besides the conventional methods of removal, could be further supplemented with herbal drinks that aim at prevention of recurrences. Enuresis in children, an untreatable common condition, may respond well to acupuncture. Surgeons should keep an open mind. In case of difficulties, they could seriously consider options of traditional treatment.

  9. Effect of common herbal medicines on patients undergoing anaesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yatindra Kumar Batra

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Herbal medicines are the oldest known remedies to mankind. Herbs have been used by all cultures throughout history but India has one of the oldest, and most diverse cultural living traditions associated with the use of medicinal plants. The use of these agents may have perioperative implications, which often is a result of various factors. The constituents of these medications may not be adequately described. Conventional agents like ste-roids, oral hypoglycaemic agent, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents and antihistamines are frequently added to herbal medicines. Toxic materials like arsenic, mercury, lead, etc. have been detected from time to time in some herbs. The use of herbal medicines can result in drug interactions, most of which are less well defined. The interactions that are most important in the perioperative period include sympathomimetic, sedative, and coagulopathic effects. Less than 50% of patients admit to taking these medicines, which compounds the prob-lem. It is imperative that anaesthesiologists obtain a history of herbal medicine use from patients and anticipate the adverse drug interactions. In case of any doubt, it may be prudent to stop these herbal medicines atleast 2-3 weeks prior to anaesthesia and surgery.

  10. Five Flavors Law of Nature Data of Chinese Materia Medica in "Chinese Herbal Medicine"%《中华本草》药性数据中的五味规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雪梅; 赖新梅; 陈梅妹; 林端宜

    2013-01-01

    目的 以五味为核心,分析中药药性数据中味与气、归经、毒性之间的相关关系,为中医临床用药、中药实验研究、中药新资源开发等提供药味理论的新线索和数据支持.方法 在对数据等级编码基础上,采用spearman 等级相关法对《中华本草》中8 366味具有五味属性中药的药性规律进行分析.结果 在P<0.01显著水平,酸味与肝、大肠、胃三经存在显著正相关,苦味与寒性肝、大肠、胆三经及毒性存在显著正相关,甘味与热性及肾、肺、脾等八经存在显著正相关,辛味与热性和脾、胃、肝、肺四经及毒性存在显著正相关,成味与肾、肝、心、肺四经存在显著正相关,淡味与寒性及膀胱、小肠二经存在显著正相关,涩味与大肠经存在显著正相关.结论 辛、甘二味属阳,苦、淡二味属阴.《内经》中归纳的“酸入肝”、“甘入脾”、“成入肾”规律获得大数据集验证,而“苦入心”理论未获数据支持,“辛入肺”规律仅获数据部分支持.辛、苦二味越重药物毒性越大,提示针对体质较弱、病情较轻的患者应谨慎使用辛、苦二味较重的药物.%Objective To provide theoretical clues and data support for the use of Chinese medicine clinical drug, experimental study and development of new resources of Chinese materia medica, by analyzing the relationships of property, flavor, channel tropism and toxicity in nature data of Chinese materia medica with five flavors as a core. Methods The spearman rank correlation method was employed to analyze the nature law of 8 366 Chinese drugs with characteristic of five flavors from "Chinese Herbal Medicine" based on data rank coding. Results On the significant level of P<0.01: sour showed significant positive correlations with three channels (liver, large intestine and stomach). Bitter showed significant positive correlations with cold and three channels (liver, large intestine and

  11. 中药药源性砷中毒的护理分析%Nursing Analysis of Chinese Herbal Medicine Source of Arsenic Poisoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽丽

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨中药源性砷中毒的临床护理体验及其效果。方法选择36例患者分为观察组与对照组,对观察组实施全面护理,对照组实施一般护理,统计两组患者的治疗前、后的尿砷结果。结果对照组尿砷结果显著优于对照组(<0.05)。结论对中药源性砷中毒患者实施积极有效的心理护理、饮食保健以及给药护理等全面护理措施,是降低尿砷结果,促进患者康复的有效方法。%Objective Discuss the clinical ef ect of nursing to traditional Chinese medicine-induced arsenic poisoning .Methods Thirty-six cases of patients were randomly selected and divided into experimental group and control group, the experimental group were implemented comprehensive care with this study, the control group were only used general nursing, then compare the value of urine arsenic of two groups in pretherapy and post-treatment. Results The value of urine arsenic of experimental group were bet er than that of the control group ( <0.05).Conclusion The ef ective comprehensive care to patients traditional Chinese medicine-induced arsenic poisoning such as psychological nursing , diet care and drug treatments could be the ef ective method to reduce the value of urine arsenic and promote patients recover.

  12. 用数学方法评估中草药对高龄蛋鸡生产性能的影响%Effects of Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicines on Production Performance of Aged Laying Hens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董玉龙; 李春红

    2012-01-01

    [目的]研究不同剂量中草药对高龄蛋鸡生产性能的影响.[方法]选用120只390日龄海兰褐蛋鸡,随机均分4组.分别用添加0.5%、1.0%、1.5%中草药的日粮饲喂①~③组鸡群,以饲喂未添加中草药日粮的鸡群为对照组(CK),连续给药15 d.观察各组每天的产蛋率、日产蛋量等生产性能指标.[结果]②组的产蛋率与CK差异极显著(P<0.01),提高了8.80%;③组的产蛋率与CK差异显著(P<0.05),提高了4.99%;②组和③组的日产蛋量与CK差异均极显著(P<0.01),分别提高了12.12%、6.82%;②组的料蛋比与CK差异极显著(P<0.01),降低了12.46%;③组的料蛋比与CK差异显著(P<0.05),降低了11.42%.其余指标无显著性差异(P>0.05).[结论]1.0%中草药添加剂量可以明显提高高龄蛋鸡的生产性能.%[Objective] To study the effects of different doses of Chinese traditional herbal medicines on the production performance of aged laying hens. [Method] 120 390-day-old HY-line variety brown hens were randomly divided into four groups, four treatment groups were designed, 0.5% , 1.0% and 1.5% herbal medicines were added in the daily diet of hens in group 1 -3 for 15 days in succession, the group without adding herbal medicine is CK. Then the laying rate and daily egg amount of hens in each treatment group were investigated. [ Result] The laying rate of group 2 improved by 8. 80% compared with the CK (P < 0. 01 ) ; the laying rate of group 3 improved by 4. 99% ( P < 0.05) ;the daily egg amount of group 2 and group 3 improved by 12. 12% and 6.82% respectively (P<0.01); the feed-egg ratio of group 2 reduced by 12.46% ( P < 0.01); while that of group 3 reduced by 11.42%. Other indexes showed no significant difference ( P < 0. 05 ). [Conclusion] The dose of 1.0% herbal medicine in diet could obviously improve the production performance of aged laying hens.

  13. Jamu : Indonesian traditional herbal medicine towards rational phytopharmacological use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elfahmi, [No Value; Woerdenbag, Herman J.; Kayser, Oliver

    2014-01-01

    Jamu is the Indonesian traditional herbal medicine that has been practised for many centuries in the Indonesian community to maintain good health and to treat diseases. Although modern (conventional) medicine is becoming increasingly important in Indonesia, jamu is still very popular in rural as wel

  14. Herbal Medicine for the Treatment of Vascular Dementia: An Overview of Scientific Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Chang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dementia is a leading cause of mental and physical disability. Vascular dementia (VaD is the second most common cause of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease (AD constituting 10–15% of the dementia population. Currently there are no approved pharmaceutical options for VaD and the conventional anti-AD therapies provide only modest, short-term relief of symptoms associated with VaD. Herbal medicines have been used for the management of dementia-like symptoms for centuries and may provide viable therapies for VaD due to their multicomponent and multitarget approach. This review is designed to provide an updated overview on the current status of herbal medicine research, with an emphasis on Chinese herbal medicine, for the treatment of VaD or dementia. A case study is also provided to demonstrate the development process of a novel standardized complex herbal formulation for VaD. The article reveals some preliminary evidence to support the use of single and complex herbal preparations for VaD and dementia. Multiple issues in relation to clinical and preclinical research have been identified and future research directions are discussed.

  15. Herbal Medicine for the Treatment of Vascular Dementia: An Overview of Scientific Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jianxun; Bilinski, Kellie; Xu, Li; Seto, Sai W.

    2016-01-01

    Dementia is a leading cause of mental and physical disability. Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common cause of dementia after Alzheimer's disease (AD) constituting 10–15% of the dementia population. Currently there are no approved pharmaceutical options for VaD and the conventional anti-AD therapies provide only modest, short-term relief of symptoms associated with VaD. Herbal medicines have been used for the management of dementia-like symptoms for centuries and may provide viable therapies for VaD due to their multicomponent and multitarget approach. This review is designed to provide an updated overview on the current status of herbal medicine research, with an emphasis on Chinese herbal medicine, for the treatment of VaD or dementia. A case study is also provided to demonstrate the development process of a novel standardized complex herbal formulation for VaD. The article reveals some preliminary evidence to support the use of single and complex herbal preparations for VaD and dementia. Multiple issues in relation to clinical and preclinical research have been identified and future research directions are discussed. PMID:28115971

  16. Microbial quality of some medicinal herbal products in Kashan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazroi Arani Navid

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The use of medicinal plants has risen worldwide. In Iran, herbal waters and rose waters are of traditional medicinal products and as a result, they are widespreadly consumed. Therefore, diagnosis of microbial quality of these products is important. The aim of this study was to evaluate microbial quality of herbal extracts distributed in Kashan, Iran. Methods: In this descriptive study, 256 samples of herbal waters and 191 samples of rose waters (total samples of 447 distributed in Kashan during 2012 to 2013 were purchased and transferred to laboratory. Then microbial tests such as total aerobic bacterial count, mold and yeast count, total coliforms, and detection of Enterococcus, Pseudomonas and sulphite-reducing Clostridia were evaluated based on national standard of Iran. Results: Contamination with Pseudomonas and Enterococcus was observed in the herbal water samples. 196 cases (43.84% of the total samples, 113 cases (44.15% of the herbal waters and 83 cases (43.45% of the rose waters were usable based on the national standard of Iran. Neither herbal waters nor rosewater samples were contaminated by E.Coli and Sulphite-reducing clostridia. Additionally, none of the rosewater samples was contaminated by Coliforms and Pseudomonas. Conclusion: Based on the findings and due to the fact that these products are contaminated with aerobic mesophilic bacteria, mold and yeast, to minimize the risks we recommend to apply pasteurized temperature, high-quality packaging material and hygiene observance in processing time of herbal waters and rose waters.

  17. Molecular mechanisms of renal extracellular matrix degradation and interventional effects of Chinese herbal medicine%肾脏细胞外基质降解的分子机制及中药的干预作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏晴雪; 万毅刚; 赵青; 陈好利; 孟宪杰; 姚建

    2013-01-01

    The reduction of extracellular matrix(ECM) degradation in kidney is taken as the morphological features and pathological base in renal injury in chronic kidney disease(CKD).ECM degradation is controlled by the catabolic enzyme systems in glomerulus and renal interstitium,in which matrix metalloproteinases(MMPs) play a key role.The expression and activity of MMPs are regulated by the classical pathway,such as the genic transcription,the activation of zymogen,and the specific inhibitor.The previous studies showed that,Uremic Clearance granule,as a representation,and other prescriptions of Chinese herbal medicine,as well as some extracts from Chinese herbal medicine could intervene the pathway of ECM degradation through promoting the degradation of ECM components,affecting the expression of catabolic enzymes,regulating the genetic transcription of MMPs,and inhibiting the relative signaling transduction of MMPs.%肾脏细胞外基质(extracellular matrix,ECM)降解减少是慢性肾脏病(chronic kidney disease,CKD)肾组织损伤的形态特征和病理基础.在肾小球或肾间质中,ECM降解主要依赖于降解酶系统的调控,其中,基质金属蛋白酶(matrix metalloproteinases,MMPs)发挥着核心作用.MMPs的表达和活性受控于“基因转录、酶原激活、特异性抑制剂”等经典途径.以尿毒清颗粒(Uremic Clearance granule)为代表的中药复方制剂及中药提取物可以干预ECM降解的多种途径,包括促进ECM成分降解,影响ECM降解酶表达、调节MMPs基因转录、抑制MMPs相关信号转导等.

  18. Herbal Medicines for Acute Kidney Injury:Evidence, Gaps and Frontiers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vale´ rian Bunel; Fan Qu; Pierre Duez; Qi-he Xu

    2015-01-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major health threat worldwide. The literature on herbal intervention in AKI was searched from English and Chinese databases and reports were critically analyzed in terms of preventing AKI, promoting repair and regeneration, enhancing extrarenal clearance of uremic toxins, and preventing progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Altogether, 16 herbal formulae and a few extracts derived from individual herbs were reported to prevent or mitigate AKI in animal models induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion, cisplastin, gentamicin, glycerol, adenine, sepsis or physical exhaustion. Four formulae and six individual herbs were reported to accelerate recovery and/or to prevent CKD in established AKI animal models. Intrarectal herbal medicines, with or without simultaneous oral administration, were reported in six clinical trials and in an animal model to increase extrarenal clearance of uremic toxins. Additional 13 clinical trials reported oral or intravenous herbal interventions in AKI of different etiologies. Despite recurring problems, notably poor compliance with good practice guidelines for clinical trials and for authentication, naming and quality control of herbal materials, accumulating experimental data on the preventive effects of herbal medicines in AKI look encouraging and urge for better, definitive trials to guide clinical practice. Herbal enemas promoting extrarenal clearance of uremic toxins seem cost-effective, but better clinical evidence is certainly needed before any affirmative recommendation be made for AKI patients without access to dialysis. New frontiers, however, lie in those herbal remedies that promote repair/regeneration and prevent chronicity after AKI. Recent experimental data suggest that this may be possible.

  19. Scientometric study of academic publications on antioxidative herbal medicines in type 2 diabetes mellitus

    OpenAIRE

    Tabatabaei-Malazy, Ozra; Ramezani, Amir; Atlasi, Rasha; Larijani, Bagher; Abdollahi, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Background Scientometric analysis is increasingly used for research assessment. We aimed to perform a scientometric analysis of research productivity in field of antioxidative hypoglycemic herbal medicine and diabetes. Methods Some of search terms were “type 2 diabetes”, “antioxidant”, “herb”, “phytotherapy”, “ethnopharmacology”, “Chinese medicine”, “traditional medicine”, in Scopus web databases until January 2015, and limited to human. The collected data were used to generate the specific f...

  20. Immunomodulatory activities of five clinically used Chinese herbal polysaccharides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aiping Lu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Polysaccharide is a natural macromolecular compound with complex, important and multifaceted biological activities. Some of polysaccharides have been marketed in China as drugs or healthy products. More studies confirm that the active ingredient of many traditional Chinese medicine exist in the form of polysaccharides. They play a role in disease therapy by activating immune cells and the complement system; regulating the cytokines expression; promoting the production of antibodies; inhibiting tumor cell proliferation and inducing tumor cell apoptosis; inhibiting virus entering cells and replication; increasing activity of antioxidant enzyme; scavenging free radicals; and inhibiting lipid peroxidation. In this review, we focus on the immunomodulatory effects and its possible mechanism of polysaccharides from Chinese herbal polysaccharides products, including Lentinan, Astragalus polysaccharide, Polyporus polysaccharide and Achyranthes bidentata polysaccharide. The immunomodulatory activities of polysaccharides were categorized in the paper into general immunoregulatory activity, anti-tumor, anti-infections, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-mutagenic and radioprotective, anti-complementary, anti-adhesive, and anti-allergy since all the activities are related to modulate immune responses by the polysaccharides. Also the challenges in the research of polysaccharides will be discussed. [J Exp Integr Med 2012; 2(1.000: 15-27

  1. 中药、针灸加强排卵周期的促孕治疗经验%Effect of Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture on female infertility by inducing ovarian cycle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江丹

    2011-01-01

    The disorders of reproductive and endocrinal system are the common cause of female infertility. The problems can be caused from either organic or dysfunctional reason. The author analyses the pathogenesis of the infertility common incident in the West and the mechanisms of acupuncture and herbal medicine treatments. The article is the report of how TCM therapies of which acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine are utilised together treat infertility. Acupuncture plays the unique role to support conceive by stimulating and strengthening the self-regulating, self-healing functions and promote ovulation; Chinese herbal medicine is able to be prescribed, according to the particular condition in the individual case and following the menstrual circle as well. United both of TCM therapies will make a good enough treating level in the lesser rates of patient visiting the clinic for gaining an expectant treating effect. This is a successful experience to manage TCM treatment during the practicing condition in the West. Some successful cases that are treated in UK which are involved in some natural pregnancies supported by TCM and pregnancies assisted with IVF treatment which is supported by TCM is illustrated in the paper.%女性不孕既有器质性病变的原因,也有由功能障碍导致的.作者总结了中医治疗不孕的机理,报道了联合应用针灸、中药,根据女性月经周期的变化规律,辨证治疗的经验和成功案例.具体方法是:第1周:补肾健脾,加强先、后天之本,而促进卵子的生长;第2周:补阴养精,活血化瘀,而促进卵子的成熟与排出;第3周:温阳育阴,以促黄体生成; 第4周:疏肝活血以调经,或健脾补肾以固胎.针灸通过加强人体自身调节与自愈的能力,并有确切的促排卵作用,在治疗中具有不可取代的作用;而中药则可以根据月经周期及病患的个体状况辨证加减,同样担负着重要的作用.这两种疗法的联合应用,可以让病患在较

  2. Seven Chinese Herbal Medicines Affect Physiological and Biochemical Indices in Ictalurus punctatus%7种中草药对斑点叉尾鮰生理生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆奎; 陈成勋; 郭永军; 白东清; 乔之怡; 刘志伟; 丁莉莉; 邢克智

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] The aim was to provide theoretical basis for the reasonable application of seven kinds of Chinese herbal medicines in aquaculture industry. [ Method] Taking lctalurus purutatus as the study object, the impacts of seven Chinese herbal medicines (CHM),Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC (BC),Eucommia ulmoides Oliver (EU),radix Dryopteris crassirhizoma (rDC) ,radix Paeoniae lactiflora (rPL), Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fiseh (GU) ,Polygonum cuspidutum Sieb et Zucc (PC),and Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (GJ) on the physiological and biochemical indices were tested. [ Result ] CHM could enhance the antioxidative capacity in serum and spleen while depress the antioxidative capacity in hepatopancreas. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities in head kidney were enhanced significantly by BC. The SOD and CAT activities in muscle were enhanced significantly by EU ,rDC,PC and GJ. Serum lysozyme (LZM) activity was depressed significantly by rDC. The IZM activity in hepatopancreas and head kidney was enhanced significantly by BC. The PC depressed LZM activity in head kidney significantly.The LZM activity in gill was enhanced significantly by GU and GJ. The LZM activity in muscle was enhanced by rDC,EU and PC. The aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity in hepatopancreas was depressed by rDC,GU and PC. The AST was enhanced by rPL significantly. The aianine aminotransferase (ALT) in hepatopancreas was depressed by rDC,EU ,GJ and GU. Leucocytes phagocytosis was enhanced significantly by BC,GU and GJ. [ Conclusion] Seven kinds of herbal medicines had different degrees of influences on the physiological and biochemical indices in Ictaluruspunctatus.%[目的]为7种中草药在水产养殖业中的合理使用提供理论依据.[方法]以斑点又尾鮰(Ictalurus punctatus)为研究时象,考察了射干、杜仲、贯众、白芍、甘草、虎杖和栀子7种中草药对生理生化指标的影响.[结果]中草药能提高血清和脾脏抗氧化能力,降低

  3. Establishment of Logistic Regression Prediction Model for Nephrotoxicity of Chinese Herbal Medicine Based on Traditional Chinese Medical Theory%基于中医传统理论建立中药肾毒性的Logistic回归预测模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红杰; 陈亮; 李天昊; 詹莎; 陈灵修; 陈利国

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation of nephrotoxicity of Chinese herbal medicine with the four properties, five flavors and channel tropism for the establishment of prediction model of nephrotoxicity,and to evaluate the model. MethodsThe data of 111 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine with nephrotoxicity and 398 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine without nephrotoxicity were collected after literature search. The collected data covered the four properties (cold,hot,warm,cool,and neutral),five flavors(sour,bitter,sweet,pungent,salty,tasteless and astringent)and channel tropism(lung meridian,large intestine meridian,stomach meridian,spleen meridian,heart meridian,small intestine meridian,bladder meridian,kidney meridian,pericardium meridian,triple energizer meridian,gall bladder meridian,and liver meridian)of the included herbs. The correlation of nephrotoxic or non-nephrotoxic Chinese herbal medicine with the four properties,five flavors and channel tropism was analyzed. The unconditional Logistic regression(LR)was applied to screen the variables to be input. LR prediction model was set up. Receiver operating characteristics(ROC)curve of the LR prediction model was drawn,the area under the curve,sensitivity,specificity and overall accuracy were calculated,and the accuracy of prediction model was evaluated.ResultsChinese herbal medicine with or without nephrotoxicity was correlated with the four properties and five flavors(P 0.05). There were 12 variables selected for the LR from four properties and five flavors. Four variables,which were hot and neutral of the properties,bitter and sweet of the flavors,were selected to establish the LR prediction model(cutoff value being 0.28).ConclusionThe 12 of 24 variables from four properties,five flavors and channel tropism of Chinese herbal medicine,are correlated with the nephrotoxicity of Chinese herbal medicine,of which 4 variables including hot and neutral from four properties,bitter and sweet from five flavors affect the

  4. Efficacy and safety of topical herbal medicine treatment on recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a systemic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chun-Lei; Huang, He-Long; Wang, Wan-Chun; Hua, Hong

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical treatment with natural herbal medicines on recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). Nine electronic databases were searched to identify the randomized controlled trials and clinical controlled trials that reported the potential effect of natural herbal medicines on RAS published in Chinese or English. Ulcer size and duration, and remission of pain were assessed as main outcome measures. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated using the Cochrane Handbook for Systemic Review of Interventions and Rev Man software. Thirteen trials with a total of 1,515 patients were included in the present analysis, which showed that topical treatment with natural herbal medicines seemed to benefit RAS patients by reducing ulcer size, shortening ulcer duration, and relieving pain without severe side effects. In conclusion, there is some evidence of the efficacy of topically applied natural herbal medicines with regards to improved RAS outcome measures and fewer side effects. However, given the limitations of this study, the evidence remains insufficient. Well-designed and high-quality randomized controlled trials are required for further exploration.

  5. Traditional herbal medicines worldwide, from reappraisal to assessment in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Galen, Emiel

    2014-12-02

    Since 2004 the regulatory framework within the European Union has a specific assessment procedure for herbal medicinal products, with a medicinal use based on traditional practice. The main requirement concerning the traditional use is focussed on the period of time for medical use: at least 30 years, including 15 years in the EU. In addition to requirements for quality and safety, an evaluation of pharmacological effects or efficacy based on long-standing use, is a main objective. "Traditional Use" however encompasses European, and non-European traditional use. Outside the EU, the medicinal use of herbal substances, preparations, and combinations is well-known, with a long history, which is well-documented in the different systems of medical practice. This has been addressed by WHO, but it has been acknowledged also by European Commission that herbal products from other systems of medicine, can be subject to the procedure for traditional herbal medicinal products. This paper will focus on the possibilities, restraints, and challenges of regulatory practice in the European Union regarding these category of medicinal products.

  6. Trends in scientific publications of Chinese medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chong-Zhi; He, Hui; Wang, Xiaoyu; Yuan, Chun-Su

    2012-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an important component of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). The fast economic growth of mainland China in the past two decades has promoted the use of TCM beyond Chinese-speaking countries. Chinese researchers have published more TCM research studies in CAM-related professional journals, including the American Journal of Chinese Medicine (AJCM), the highest impact journal in Chinese medicine. The consistent increase of the impact factor of the AJCM suggests a growth in TCM popularity. This study analyzed articles published in the AJCM between 2004 and 2011. Our data show that while enthusiasm towards cardiovascular, nervous system and inflammation related research remained high, more herbal investigations and cancer studies were published. Furthermore, a reduction in TCM formulation studies was replaced by increasing botanical single constituent research. Examples of frequently cited studies, including those before 2004, are presented. These data are not only important to the scientific community for recognition of trends in TCM research, but also for providing information to TCM researchers who are targeting potentially highly cited studies.

  7. 10种中草药提取物体外抗铜绿假单胞菌作用研究%Antibacterial activity screening of 10 Chinese herbal medicines against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢俊杰; 韩峻; 左国营; 王宁; 程子梦

    2016-01-01

    通过对粗糠柴等10种中草药采用80%乙醇室温下浸渍制备的提取物进行体外抗铜绿假单胞菌及其耐药菌活性研究,并采取药敏纸片法测定临床分离菌株的耐药性.结果表明:这10种中草药80%乙醇提取物中,粗糠柴的乙酸乙酯层对铜绿假单胞菌标准菌及其耐药菌的抑菌效果最好,其抑菌圈直径范围在10~17 mm之间,MIC范围在0.125~0.5 mg·mL-1之间,MBC范围在0.5~1 mg·mL-1之间;正丁醇层、水层的抑菌活性较乙酸乙酯层弱,石油醚层对铜绿假单胞菌没有效果.而小叶藤黄、滇南红厚壳、续随子的乙酸乙酯层,巴豆、罗汉松、肉桂醇提物对铜绿假单胞菌及其耐药菌株有较弱抗菌活性;滇南红厚壳的正丁醇层、续随子乙酸乙酯层以及大八角和郁金的醇提物对铜绿假单胞菌及其耐药菌株均无活性.从这些数据中可以得出,粗糠柴的乙酸乙酯层、正丁醇层和水层对铜绿假单胞菌及其耐药菌有较好的抑菌活性,尤以乙酸乙酯层活性最好,而粗糠柴的石油醚层没有活性.%To investigate the in vitro antibacterial activities of 80%ethanol extracts from 10 Chinese herbal medicines against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its resistant strains, the drug-resistance spectrum of 7 P. aeruginosa stains isolated from the clinical sputum samples was determined by the Kirby-Bauer (K-B) method. The dried powder of the collected 10 Chinese herbal medicine samples were extracted with 80%ethanol and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to get the Chinese herbal medicines ethanol extracts. The ethanol extracts were suspended in deioned water, then petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, and n-BuOH were used to extract successively. The activities of each extract against P. aeruginosa were screened of inhibition zone diameters (IZDs) by the agar-diffusion methods, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were further

  8. Comprehensive multiresidue method for the simultaneous determination of 74 pesticides and metabolites in traditional Chinese herbal medicines by accelerated solvent extraction with high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Zhengwei; Mao, Xiuhong; Chen, Ke; Wang, Ke; Ji, Shen

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, a multiresidue method for the simultaneous target analysis of 74 pesticides and metabolites in traditional Chinese herbal medicines (TCHMs) was developed using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) coupled with HPLC/MS/MS. Pesticide residues were extracted from the different samples using ASE, then purified by gel permeation chromatography and graphitized carbon black/primary, secondary amine SPE. Gradient elution was used in conjunction with positive mode electrospray ionization MS/MS to detect 74 pesticides and metabolites from Cortex Cinnamomi, Flos Carthami, Folium Ginkgo, Herba Pogostemonis, Radix Ginseng, and Semen Ginkgo using a single chromatographic run. The analytical performance was demonstrated by the analysis of extracts spiked at three concentration levels ranging from 0.005 to 0.125 mg/kg for each pesticide and metabolite. In general, recoveries ranging from 70 to 110%, with RSDs better than 15%, were obtained. The recovery and repeatability data were in good accordance with European Union guidelines for pesticide residue analysis. The LOD for most of the targeted pesticides and metabolites tested was below 0.01 mg/kg.

  9. Chinese Herbal Medicines Might Improve the Long-Term Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Results of a Decision-Analytic Markov Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shao-Li Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. The priority of Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs plus conventional treatment over conventional treatment alone for acute coronary syndrome (ACS after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI was documented in the 5C trial (chictr.org number: ChiCTR-TRC-07000021. The study was designed to evaluate the 10-year effectiveness of CHMs plus conventional treatment versus conventional treatment alone with decision-analytic model for ACS after PCI. Methods and Results. We constructed a decision-analytic Markov model to compare additional CHMs for 6 months plus conventional treatment versus conventional treatment alone for ACS patients after PCI. Sources of data came from 5C trial and published reports. Outcomes were expressed in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs. Sensitivity analyses were performed to test the robustness of the model. The model predicted that over the 10-year horizon the survival probability was 77.49% in patients with CHMs plus conventional treatment versus 77.29% in patients with conventional treatment alone. In combination with conventional treatment, 6-month CHMs might be associated with a gained 0.20% survival probability and 0.111 accumulated QALYs, respectively. Conclusions. The model suggested that treatment with CHMs, as an adjunctive therapy, in combination with conventional treatment for 6 months might improve the long-term clinical outcome in ACS patients after PCI.

  10. Combination of Chinese Herbal Medicines and Conventional Treatment versus Conventional Treatment Alone in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (5C Trial: An Open-Label Randomized Controlled, Multicenter Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shao-Li Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. To evaluate the efficacy of Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs plus conventional treatment in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI. Methods and Results. Participants (n=808 with ACS who underwent PCI from thirteen hospitals of mainland China were randomized into two groups: CHMs plus conventional treatment group (treatment group or conventional treatment alone group (control group. All participants received conventional treatment, and participants in treatment group additionally received CHMs for six months. The primary endpoint was the composite of cardiac death, nonfatal recurrent MI, and ischemia-driven revascularization. Secondary endpoint was the composite of readmission for ACS, stroke, or congestive heart failure. The safety endpoint involved occurrence of major bleeding events. The incidence of primary endpoint was 2.7% in treatment group versus 6.2% in control group (HR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.87; P=0.015. The incidence of secondary endpoint was 3.5% in treatment group versus 8.7% in control group (HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.72; P=0.002. No major bleeding events were observed in any participant. Conclusion. Treatment with CHMs plus conventional treatment further reduced the occurrence of cardiovascular events in patients with ACS after PCI without increasing risk of major bleeding.

  11. [Research status on regulation of Chinese herbal compound on intestinal microecology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Guo-lin; Yu, Guo-you; Lu, Wen-wen

    2015-09-01

    The ralationship between traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and intestinal microecology is increasingly being given more and more attention. Combined with the devolopment of intestinal microecology disciplines, effects of TCM on regulation of intestinal microecology have been gradually explained. Both clinical studies and animal experiments have confirmed that TCM can maintain the balance of intestinal microecology and regulate the intestinal flora. The author arrangemented the documents related to Chinese herbal compound adjusting intestinal flora in the recent ten years, summarized that the Chinese herbal compound which can strength spleen and replenish Qi, relax bowels and regulate Qi, dissipate dampness and check diarrhea, clear away heat and toxic materials, promote digestion and relieve stasis had certain regulation effects on intestinal microecology, providing basis for revealing the TCM essence of intestinal microecology.

  12. Bioactivity-guided fractionation identifies amygdalin as a potent neurotrophic agent from herbal medicine semen persicae extract

    OpenAIRE

    Chuanbin Yang; Jia Zhao; Yuanyuan Cheng; Xuechen Li; Jianhui Rong

    2014-01-01

    Herbal medicine Semen Persicae is widely used to treat blood stasis in Chinese medicine and other oriental folk medicines. Although little is known about the effects of Semen Persicae and its active compounds on neuron differentiation, our pilot study showed that Semen Persicae extract promoted neurite outgrowth in rat dopaminergic PC12 cells. In the present study, we developed a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure for the characterization of the neurotrophic activity of Semen Persicae...

  13. Current influences on traditional Chinese medicine education in the UK: the experience of a collaborative programme between Middlesex University and Beijing University of chinese medicine.

    OpenAIRE

    Bell, Celia M.; Cheng, Ming Zhao

    2005-01-01

    A long and successful collaboration has existed between Middlesex University and Beijing University of Chinese Medicine in the delivery of high quality education and practitioner training in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in the UK. A joint degree programme was validated by the two Universities in 1997 offering integrated training at undergraduate level in both Chinese Herbal Medicine and Acupuncture & Moxibustion. This programme was the first of its kind to be offered in Europe by a pu...

  14. Global Expansion Strategy of Chinese Herbal Tea Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Liu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In order to provide insights into the potential future of Chinese herbal tea beverage industry, we analyze serious challenge on how the herbal tea beverage will develop global expansion strategy in china, as well as a series of recommendations as to how the sector might collaborate and respond. This study discusses the key challenges and opportunities factors that Chinese traditional tea industry face, from across the global value chain, representing both producer and consumer countries and including topics ranging from climate change to finance and markets. For these ever-growing problems, factors as diverse as the use of precision farming, biodiversity, production instability and consumer demand for personalization of products were identified. To support the development of Chinese traditional tea industry, increase investment, vigorously promote to transfer Chinese traditional tea into fast, convenient, standardized and normalized tea beverage products for global expansion strategy of Chinese herbal tea beverage, so as to promote the development of Chinese traditional tea industry and make the regional contribution to the realization of Chinese dream.

  15. Rise of herbal and traditional medicine in erectile dysfunction management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Christopher C K; Tan, Hui Meng

    2011-12-01

    Herbal medicine long has been used in the management of sexual dysfunction, including erectile dysfunction. Many patients have attested to the efficacy of this treatment. However, is it evidence-based medicine? Studies have been done on animal models, mainly in the laboratory. However, randomized controlled trials on humans are scarce. The only herbal medications that have been studied for erectile dysfunction are Panax ginseng, Butea superba, Epimedium herbs (icariin), Tribulus terrestris, Securidaca longipedunculata, Piper guineense, and yohimbine. Of these, only Panax ginseng, B. superb, and yohimbine have published studies done on humans. Unfortunately, these published trials on humans were not robust. Many herbal therapies appear to have potential benefits, and similarly, the health risks of various phytotherapeutic compounds need to be elucidated. Properly designed human trials should be worked out and encouraged to determine the efficacy and safety of potential phytotherapies.

  16. 贵阳市中医临床处方饮片用量的调查分析(内科)%Dosages of Traditional Chinese Herbal Pieces in Internal Medicine Prescription in Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玲; 周涛; 贺祝英; 梅璇; 孙明玉

    2011-01-01

    Objective; To study the actual dosages of clinical prescriptions in internal medicine department of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) based on the data from two affiliated hospital of Cuiyang college of TCM, and clear the situation and characteristics of the dosage of Chinese herbal pieces in Cuiyang city. Method; The methods of stratified sampling and random sampling were used to investigate 12 461 prescriptions of TCM. We constructed the database, then applied Weka KDD software to analyze. Result; We identified the frequency and clinical dosage intervals of 300 drugs, and the dosage difference between that in practice and that in the pharmacopoeia. Most of drug's dosage centralized the 3 intervals; (3-6] , (9-12], (12-15] ,and the concrete dosages were 10, 12, 15, 20, 30 g, etc. Conclusion; The situation and characteristics of the dosages of clinical prescription in Cuiyang city are coincided with the national level in internal medicine of TCM.%目的:以贵阳中医学院2所附属医院为调查代表单位,调研中医内科临床处方饮片用量,明确贵阳市临床饮片用量的现状和特点.方法:采用分层抽样和简单随机抽样相结合的方法,收集各门诊中医内科内服汤剂处方12 461张,构建中药饮片用量数据库,基于Weka数据挖掘软件进行统计分析.结果:明确了贵阳市300味中药的中医内科临床用药频次、相应的用量区间及其与《中国药典》规定用量的符合率,大多数中药的临床用量为(3~6],(9~12],(12~15]3个区间,剂量多集中在10,12,15,20,30 g.结论:贵阳市中医内科临床饮片用量状况和特点与全国整体饮片用量状况和特点基本一致.

  17. Multiple chromatographic fingerprinting and its application to the quality control of herbal medicines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fan Xiaohui [Pharmaceutical Informatics Institute, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Cheng Yiyu [Pharmaceutical Informatics Institute, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)]. E-mail: chengyy@zju.edu.cn; Ye Zhengliang [Pharmaceutical Informatics Institute, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Lin Ruichao [National Institute for the Control of Pharmaceutical and Biological Products, Beijing 100050 (China); Qian Zhongzhi [Committee of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Beijing 100061 (China)

    2006-01-12

    Recently, chromatographic fingerprinting has become one of the most powerful approaches to quality control of herbal medicines. However, the performance of reported chromatographic fingerprinting constructed by single chromatogram sometimes turns out to be inadequate for complex herbal medicines, such as multi-herb botanical drug products. In this study, multiple chromatographic fingerprinting, which consists of more than one chromatographic fingerprint and represents the whole characteristics of chemical constitutions of the complex medicine, is proposed as a potential strategy in this complicated case. As a typical example, a binary chromatographic fingerprinting of 'Danshen Dropping Pill' (DSDP), the best-sold traditional Chinese medicine in China, was developed. First, two HPLC fingerprints that, respectively, represent chemical characteristics of depsides and saponins of DSDP were developed, which were used to construct binary chromatographic fingerprints of DSDP. Moreover, the authentication and validation of the binary fingerprints were performed. Then, a data-level information fusion method was employed to capture the chemical information encoded in two chromatographic fingerprints. Based on the fusion results, the lot-to-lot consistency and frauds can be determined either using similarity measure or by chemometrics approach. The application of binary chromatographic fingerprinting to consistency assessment and frauds detection of DSDP clearly demonstrated that the proposed method was a powerful approach to quality control of complex herbal medicines.

  18. Traditional Japanese herbal medicines for treatment of odontopathy

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This article highlights several refractory oral diseases, such as stomatitis, burning mouth syndrome (BMS), glossalgia, atypical facial pain (AFP), oral cancer, dry mouth, and Sjögren's syndrome (SJS), in which use of Japanese herbal medicines, Kampo medicines (KM), on the basis of Kampo theory could exert the maximum effects on human body. (1) In acute stomatitis, heat because of agitated vital energy may affect the head, chest, and middle abdominal region. Stomatitis is also related to the ...

  19. Efficacy and safety of herbal medicines in treating gastric ulcer: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Wei-Ping; Man, Hui-Bin; Man, Mao-Qiang

    2014-12-01

    Gastric ulcer is a common disorder of the digestive system. Current therapeutic regimens largely rely on Western medicine. However, numerous studies have demonstrated that herbal medicines can effectively treat gastric ulcer in humans and various animal models via divergent mechanisms. This review updates the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines in treating gastric ulcer, and the mechanisms of their action in humans and animal models. Studies have demonstrated that the efficacy of herbal medicines is comparable or superior to that of drugs such as omeprazole or cimetidine in humans and animal models, and herbal medicines display fewer adverse effects. The mechanisms by which herbal medicines benefit gastric ulcer include stimulation of mucous cell proliferation, anti-oxidation, and inhibition of gastric acid secretion and H(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity. Some herbal medicines also exhibit antimicrobial properties. Utilization of herbal medicines could be a valuable alternative to treat gastric ulcer in humans effectively, with few adverse effects.

  20. Review of Tumor Dormancy Therapy Using Traditional Oriental Herbal Medicine

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    Lee Jong-Ho

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Standard cancer therapy prolongs survival, but can be detrimental to the quality of life, compromise the immune system, and leave residual disease that can cause recurrence years or decades in the future. Tumor dormancy therapy is a novel therapeutic approach that may improve these shortcomings, promote quality of life, and prolong survival. The aim of this study was to analyze studies on dormancy therapy, especially studies using traditional Oriental herbal medicine, so as to evaluate the efficacy of dormancy therapy with traditional oriental herbal medicine. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review using Scientific and Technical Information Integration Services (NDSL, PubMed, and RISS. We searched for clinical reports, papers, and books related to tumor metastasis, recurrence, immunotherapy, tumor dormancy, and traditional oriental herbal medicine with anticancer effects. Seventy-nine (79 experimental and clinical articles in both Korean and English were reviewed. This study was conducted from March 1, 2012 to May 31, 2012. Results: This approach, Tumor dormancy therapy, rather than seeking to remove the tumor, includes combination of low-dose chemotherapy, immunotherapy, immunosurveillance, and other methods to stabilize tumor growth and to enhance the host is immunity against disseminated tumor cells and thus to manage cancer as a chronic disease while maintaining quality of life. In particular, integrative use of Oriental herbal medicine has been shown to induce or maintain tumor dormancy, increase the effectiveness of conventional chemotherapy, improve quality of life, and prolong survival. Conclusion: Tumor dormancy therapy is a promising novel therapeutic approach that may be especially effective with Oriental herbal medicine. Further research is needed to determine its potential mechanisms and therapeutic applications.

  1. The toxicity and pathology of selected dietary herbal medicines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunnick, June K; Nyska, Abraham

    2013-02-01

    Toxicity studies were conducted by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) to provide information on the potential for toxicity from long-term use of commonly used herbal medicines. Here, we review the findings from these NTP toxicology/carcinogenesis 2-year rodent studies of 7 commonly used herbs. In these studies, the individual herb or herbal product was administered to F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice by oral administration for up to 2 years. The spectrum of carcinogenic responses ranged from no or equivocal evidence for carcinogenic activity (ginseng, milk thistle, and turmeric oleoresin) to a liver tumor response (ginkgo, goldenseal, kava), thyroid tumor response (ginkgo), or an intestinal tumor response (Aloe vera whole leaf nondecolorized extract). Different mechanisms may be involved in the occurrence of liver (ginkgo, goldenseal, and kava kava) and gastrointestinal toxicity (turmeric oleoresin and Aloe vera whole leaf nondecolorized extract), while the toxic lesion is the same. The results from these hazard identification toxicity/carcinogenesis studies along with those from ongoing National Institute of Health clinical trials of herbal medicines provide more complete information on the risks and benefits from herbal medicine use in the general population.

  2. Antioxidant screening of medicinal herbal teas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speisky, Hernán; Rocco, Claudia; Carrasco, Catalina; Lissi, Eduardo A; López-Alarcón, Camilo

    2006-06-01

    Herbal tea consumption is deeply and widely rooted amongst South-American populations. In view of the involvement of oxygen- and nitrogen-reactive species in the ethiogenesis of several diseases, the antioxidant properties of some of the herbal teas most commonly consumed in the southern regions was assessed in vitro. Around one-third of the 13 examined herbs, displayed a substantially higher ability to scavenge ABTS(+.) radicals (TEAC assay), and to quench the pro-oxidant species, hypochlorite (HClO) and peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)). Amongst the tested herbs, teas prepared from Haplopappus baylahuen, Rosa moschata and Peumus boldus showed the highest TEAC and HClO-quenching activities. These herbs were around 5- to 7-fold more potent than the least active herbs. Based on the TEAC assay, 150 mL of tea prepared from H. baylahuen, R. moschata and P. boldus would be equivalent to around 200 mg of Trolox). Teas from H. baylahuen and P. boldus were also found to be particularly potent in quenching HClO. In the ONOO(-) assay, H. baylahuen and Buddleia globosa showed the highest activities. The results obtained suggest that the regular consumption of teas prepared from some of these herbs may be useful potentially to provide the organism with molecules capable of protecting the gastrointestinal tract against certain pathologically relevant oxidant species.

  3. Chinese herbal medicine YADRAN tooth powder dentifrice in orthodontic treatment efficacy of periodontal maintenance%中草药牙得安牙粉在正畸治疗中对牙周维护的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄健清

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Discussion on YADRAN tooth powder dentifrice in orthodontic treatment of periodontal clinical effects. Methods: Choose the Complexing deformity in patients with 50 cases,randomly divided into two groups. Experimental group: basic treatment, oral hygiene education and YADRAN tooth powder. Control group: basic treatment, oral hygiene education and regular toothpaste. Before treatment, treatment for three months, six months of their clinical treatment of periodontal index detection. Results:The clinical treatment of periodontal parameters between two groups was not significant, P > 0.05. Treatment for three months, six months, the clinical periodontal parameters between the two groups was significant, P < 0.05. Conclusion:Chinese herbal medicine YADRAN tooth powder can reduce plaque formation, improve gum health.%目的:探讨中草药牙得安牙粉在正畸治疗中对牙周维护的临床效果.方法:选择50例错合畸形患者,随机分成两组,实验组:基础治疗、口腔卫生宣教加中草药牙得安草粉.对照组:基础治疗、口腔卫生宣教加普通牙膏.分别在矫治前、矫治三个月,矫治六个月时对其进行临床牙周指标检测.结果:矫治前两组临床牙周指标差异无显著性,P>0.05.矫治三个月、六个月时,两组临床牙周指标差异均有显著性,P<0.05.结论:中草药牙得安牙粉能减少牙菌斑形成,有效改善牙龈健康.

  4. 5种中草药乙醇提取物对猪油的抗氧化作用%Antioxidation of ethanol extracts from five Chinese herbal medicine to the lard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐金瑞; 孙育斌; 卢晓玲

    2011-01-01

    POV was used as an index, and the antioxidative activities of five ethanol extracts from Chinese herbal medicine including Licorice, Epimedium, Astragalus, Huangcen and Forsythia to the lard were compared by Schaal oven - storage test.The results showed that the antioxidative activities of five extracts were different, and their sequences were: Licorice > Astragalus > Huangcen > Epimedium > Forsythia.However, five ethanol extracts could prevent the oxidative reaction of lard, and the positive correlation existed between antioxidant capacity and extracts contents within the concentration of 0.1% -0.3%.%采用Schaal烘箱法,以过氧化值(POV)为评价指标,比较了甘草、淫羊藿、黄芪、黄苓、连翘5种中草药乙醉提取物时猪油的抗氧化作用效果.结果表明,5种中草药乙醉提取物抗氧化活性存在一定差异,表现为甘草>黄芪>黄苓>淫羊藿>连翘.总体上5种中草药乙醉提取物均可有效延缓猪油的氧化反应,且5种提取物在0.1%-0.3%添加量范围内其抗氧化能力随添加量的增加而增强,呈现一定的量效关系.

  5. Effects of Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine on the Structure of Duodenal Mucosa of Chickens under Heat Stress%中草药对热应激鸡十二指肠黏膜结构的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高桂生; 陈娟; 刘欢; 邢超; 史秋梅; 沈萍; 高光平; 张艳英

    2015-01-01

    Objective] This study aimed to investigate the effects of traditional Chi-nese herbal medicine on the structure of duodenal mucosa of chickens under heat stress. [Method] One hundred and twenty 88-day-old lsa Brown chickens were ran-domly divided into six groups, including three control groups (normal temperature control group, high temperature control group, high temperature Vc control group) and three high-temperature administration groups (high-dose administration group, moderate-dose administration group, low-dose administration group). Chickens in nor-mal temperature control group were reared at 14-25 ℃, and those in other five groups were reared at 28-39 ℃. The experiment lasted 10 d. Five chickens in each group were euthanized at 1, 4, 8 and 10 d post-treatment, respectively. The duodenal mucosa was col ected and prepared into tissue slices with the conven-tional method for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Mucosal thickness, vil us length and crypt depth of duodenal mucosa were measured. [Result] Under heat stress, duodenal mucosal thickness and vil us length were both significantly lower than those in normal temperature control group, and the duodenal vil i were scarce and thin. However, under high temperature conditions, various indicators in high-dose and moderate-dose administration groups were higher than those in high tempera-ture control group and high temperature Vc control group, which exhibited extremely significant differences at 8 and 10 d post-treatment, especial y. Moreover, various in-dicators in high-dose administration group were significantly higher than those in moderate-dose and low-dose administration groups. The traditional Chinese herbal medicine prescription exhibited higher protective effects on duodenal mucosa of chickens under heat stress compared with high temperature Vc control group. [Con-clusion] Under heat stress, traditional Chinese herbal medicine reduced effectively the duodenal mucosa damage in chickens.%伊莎褐88

  6. Differences in the origin of philosophy between Chinese medicine and Western medicine: Exploration of the holistic advantages of Chinese medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Da-zhi; Li, Shao-dan; Liu, Yi; Zhang, Yin; Mei, Rong; Yang, Ming-hui

    2013-09-01

    To explore advantages of Chinese medicine (CM) by analyzing differences in the origin of philosophy for human health between CM and Western medicine (WM). Methodologically, a distinctive feature of CM is its systems theory, which is also the difference between CM and WM. Since the birth of CM, it has taken the human body as a whole from the key concepts of "qi, blood, yin-yang, viscera (Zang-Fu), and meridian and channel", rather than a single cell or a particular organ. WM evolves from the Western philosophic way of thinking and merely uses natural sciences as the foundation. The development of WM is based on human structures, or anatomy, and therefore, research of WM is also based on the way of thinking of decomposing the whole human body into several independent parts, which is the impetus of promoting the development of WM. The core of CM includes the holistic view and the dialectical view. Chinese herbal medicines contain various components and treat a disease from multiple targets and links. Therefore, Chinese herbal medicines treat a diseased state by regulating and mobilizing the whole body rather than just regulating a single factor, since the diseased state is not only a problem in a local part of the body but a local reflection of imbalance of the whole body.

  7. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the clinical efficacy and adverse effects of Chinese herbal decoction for the treatment of gout.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang Zhou

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In East Asia, numerous reports describe the utilization of traditional Chinese herbal decoctions to treat gout. However, the reported clinical effects vary. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we reviewed and analyzed a large number of randomized controlled clinical trials to systematically assess the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of Chinese herbal decoctions for treating gout. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of databases, such as PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese biomedical literature database, et al. In addition, we manually searched the relevant meeting information in the library of the Third Military Medical University. RESULTS: Finally, 17 randomized controlled trials with a sample size of 1,402 cases met the criteria and were included in the study. The results of the meta-analysis showed that when gout had progressed to the stage of acute arthritis, there was no significant difference in clinical efficacy between Chinese herbal decoctions and traditional Western medicine, as indicated based on the following parameters: serum uric acid (standardized mean difference (SMD:0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI: 0.03 to 0.67, C reactive protein (SMD: 0.25, 95% CI: -0.18 to 0.69, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (SMD: 0.21, 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.45 and overall clinical response (relative risk (RR: 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.10. However, the Chinese herbal decoction was significantly better than traditional Western medicine in controlling adverse drug reactions (RR: 0.06, 95% CI: 0.03 to 0.13. CONCLUSIONS: Through a systematic review of the clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal decoctions and traditional Western medicine for the treatment of gout, we found that Chinese herbal decoction and traditional Western medicine led to similar clinical efficacy, but the Chinese herbal decoctions were superior to Western medicine in terms of controlling adverse drug reactions.

  8. How does Chinese medicine target cytokine imbalance in rheumatoid arthritis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jian; Sun, Yue

    2013-11-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) manifests as an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokine imbalance is suggested to play critical roles in the development of RA. Currently, various treatments for RA, including biological agents such as antibodies against inflammation mediators, or Chinese herbal medicines, intervene the disease by restoring the balance of cytokines. Chinese medicine (CM) can not only suppress the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, but also induce the expression of cytokines with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. Thus, Chinese medicine can effectively reduce inflammatory cell infiltration into synovial tissue, pannus formation, and degradation of the extracellular matrix surrounding cartilage cells, thereby reducing subchondral bone damage. This paper reviews the changes of cytokine profiling during development of RA and discuss the mechanisms by which Chinese medicine restores the cytokine balance.

  9. 三种复方中草药对斑点叉尾鮰部分生化指标的影响%Effects of Three Compound Chinese Herbal Medicines on Some Biochemical Parameters in Ictalurus punctatus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭永军; 乔之怡; 胡玉花; 陈成勋; 白东清; 丁莉莉; 刘志伟; 邢克智

    2012-01-01

    In order to test the effects of compound Chinese herbal medicine "Yuhuan", "Gantaile" and "Sanhuangfen" on biochemical parameters in Ictalurus punctatus, an oral administration trial was performed. The medicines mentioned above were added to a commercial feed at 5 g/kg separately, and were administrated to the tested fish. The fish was sampled after a continuous 7-day feeding. The biochemical parameters in blood and tissues were assayed. The results show that all the medicines enhanced SOD/MDA and CAT/MDA ratio in serum and spleen. So the antioxidant capacity in serum and spleen was enhanced. All the medicines reduced the antioxidant capacity in head kidney by means of reducing SOD/MDA and CAT/MDA ratio. The "Gantaile" and "Yuhuan" enhanced the antioxidant capacity in gill, while "Sanhuangfen" and "Yuhuan" enhanced the antioxidant capacity in muscle. All the medicines reduced AST and ALT activities in hepato-pancreas. The LZM activity was significantly cut down in hepato-pancreas by "Gantaile" and in head kidney by "Yuhuan", while "Sanhuangfen" boosted LZM activity in muscle significantly. All the medicines enhanced blood leucocytes phagocytosis and reduced AST and ALT activities in hepato-pancreas.%为研究复方中草药“鱼欢”、“肝泰乐”、“三黄粉”对斑点叉尾鮰生化指标的影响,将以上3种中草药按5g/kg饵料的比例加到饵料中,连续喂食斑点叉尾鮰7d后取样,测定血液和组织中的生化指标。结果表明:3种复方中草药均能提高血清和脾脏的SOD/MDA和cAz孙佃A比值,提高血清和脾脏的抗氧化能力;3种复方中草药均能降低头肾的SOD/MDA和CAT/MDA比值,降低其抗氧化能力。“肝泰乐”和“鱼欢”能提高鮰的抗氧化能力,“三黄粉”和“鱼欢”能提高肌肉的抗氧化能力。3种复方中草药能降低肝胰脏中AST和ALT的活力。“肝泰乐”显著降低肝胰脏的LZM活力,“鱼欢”显著降低头肾的LZM活力

  10. 中药复方对热应激下蛋鸡生化指标的影响%Effects of Compound Prescription of Chinese Herbal Medicine on the Biochemical Parameters of Laying Chicken under Heat Stress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高桂生; 高光平; 史秋梅; 张艳英; 沈萍; 贾雪霞; 张雪莲

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] The research aimed to discuss the biochemical indices of laying chicken under heat stress. [ Method] 88-day-old laying chicken with the same body weight were randomly divided into five groups, namely prescription ① group, prescription ② group, Vc group, blank group(no drug group of heat stress) and normal group (no heat stress group). The effects of different Chinese herbal compound on the blood biochemical indices of laying chicken under heat stress were studied. [ Result] Heat stress reduced the contents of sodium, potassium, chloride and phosphorus in blank group, and increased the levels of triglyceride and cholesterol. The contents of sodium, potassium, chloride and phosphorus in prescription ① group and prescription ② group all obviously increased, the contents of triglyceride and cholesterol decreased and the concentrations of ALT, LDH, CK were decreased- The effects of prescription ① group and prescription ② group were more obvious than that of Vc group and the effect of prescription ② group was the most signficiant. [Conclusion] Compound prescription of Chinese medicine had a significant effect on alleviating the heat stress of laying chicken.%[目的]探讨热应激下蛋鸡的生化机制.[方法]将88日龄体重大小均匀一致的蛋鸡随机分为5组,即方剂①组、方剂②组、VC组、空白组(热应激无药组)、正常组(无热应激组),研究不同中药复方对热应激状态下蛋鸡血液生化指标的影响.[结果]热应激降低了空白组蛋鸡血钠、血钾、血氯、血磷的含量,并使甘油三酯、胆固醇的含量上升.方剂①组和方剂②组血钠、血钾、血氯、血磷的含量均有明显回升,且能降低甘油三酯、胆固醇的含量,降低血清谷丙转氨酶、谷草转氨酶、乳酸脱氢酶和肌酸激酶的含量.方剂①组、方剂②组均比VC组效果明显,但方剂②组效果最为显著.[结论]中药复方对缓解蛋鸡的热应激具有显著功效.

  11. Analysis on the Factors Influencing the Curative Effect of Chinese Patent Medicine%剖析影响中成药疗效的因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昌钢

    2015-01-01

    The factors influencing the curative ef ect of Chinese traditional medicines are medicines variety and quality,Chinese herbal medicine quality of germplasm resources,Chinese herbal medicine planting cultivation and recovery processing,Chinese herbal medicine recovery processing,Chinese herbal medicine standardized cultivation,preparation technique,form,materials and making preparation, Chinese medicine compatibility between preparations.%影响中成药疗效的因素主要有中药材品种及质量、中药材种质资源质量、中药材种植栽培与采收加工、中药材采收加工、中药材规范化种植、炮制技术、剂型、辅料及制备工艺、中药成方制剂之间的配伍。

  12. TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    930433 A study on relationship between hy-pothyroidism and deficiency of kidney YANG.ZHA Lianglun(查良伦),et al.lnstit Integr TCM& West Med,Shanghai Med Univ,Shanghai,200040.Chin J Integr Tradit & West Med 1993;13(4):202—204.Thirty—two cases of hypothyroidism causedby various factors were treated for one year withChinese medicinal herbs preparation“Shen Lutablet”(SLT)to warm and reinforce the KidneyYang.34 normal persons were studied as a con-trol group.After treatment with SLT,the clini-cal symptoms of hypothyroidism were markedlyimproved.Average serum concentration of totalT3,T4 increased significantly from 67.06±4.81

  13. Best Available Evidence in Cochrane Reviews on Herbal Medicine?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elyad Davidson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cochrane reviews are considered by many to be the “gold standard” or the final word in medical conversation on a topic. We explored the eleven most relevant Cochrane reviews on herbal medicine and identified that frequently herbal medicines in the included studies had not been sufficiently well characterised. If data on the effects of the plant parts are unavailable, effects of co-active ingredients need to be considered and the plausibility of the study medications for the specific indications discussed. Effect sizes calculated from exploratory studies would be best used to determine the sample sizes required for future confirmatory studies, rather than as definitive reports of intervention effects. Reviews should be comprehensive, including discussion of putative adverse events and possible drug interactions. We suggest that the guidelines for preparing Cochrane reviews be revised and offer assistance in this task.

  14. Ayurvedic herbal medicine and lead poisoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunturu Krishna S

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Although the majority of published cases of lead poisoning come from occupational exposures, some traditional remedies may also contain toxic amounts of lead. Ayurveda is a system of traditional medicine that is native to India and is used in many parts of world as an alternative to standard treatment regimens. Here, we report the case of a 58-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain, anemia, liver function abnormalities, and an elevated blood lead level. The patient was found to have been taking the Ayurvedic medicine Jambrulin prior to presentation. Chemical analysis of the medication showed high levels of lead. Following treatment with an oral chelating agent, the patient's symptoms resolved and laboratory abnormalities normalized. This case highlights the need for increased awareness that some Ayurvedic medicines may contain potentially harmful levels of heavy metals and people who use them are at risk of developing associated toxicities.

  15. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN HERBAL MEDICINES AND COSMETICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alakh N Sahu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Nanophytomedicines are prepared from active phytoconstituents or standardized extracts. The world market for nanomedicine is estimated to reach $130.9 billion by the fiscal year 2016. Liposome nanoparticle (NP with entrapped doxorubicin has been reported to be 300 fold more effective because of better pharmacokinetic ability in treatment of Kaposi sarcoma. NP of paclitaxel is used in the treatment of breast cancer. It has increased water solubility, reduced toxicity and improved therapeutic index. Nanotized herbal drug containing active principles of veteh root, seawort, cassia twig and liquorice root is found to be effective in pulmonary, liver, bone, brain and skin cancer. The in-vivo pharmacokinetic parameters of polymeric nanoparticles containing curcumin reveal at least 9 fold increase in oral bioavailability when compared to curcumin administered with piperine as absorption enhancer. The green nanotechnology utilizes plant based phytochemicals in the overall synthesis and architecture of NP. Cumin and gum arabic are used for synthesis of gold NP that has reduced toxicity to living organism and environment. Bhasma used in Ayurveda is ancient but ultra modern nanomedicine prepared from metal. Swarna bhasma has particle size of 56 nm. NP in cosmetics has been used safely and effectively. NP ingredients like Zno and TiO2 have properties that provide greater degree of protection from sun. Liposome containing Aloe vera extract in size range less than 200 nm diameter has shown higher rate of cell proliferation and increased synthesis of collagenase in in vitro test using human skin fibroblast and epidermal keratinocytes.

  16. Chemometrics and modernization of traditional Chinese medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Development of chromatographic fingerprinting and its related chemometric methods in the research of quality control of traditional Chinese medicines(TCMs) are discussed. The quality control methods for guarantying the authentication and stability of products and semi-products of TCMs are firstly assessed. The technique based on chromatographic fingerprinting is essentially a kind of high-through put and integral tools to explore the complexity of herbal medicines. In order to further control the comprehensive quality of TCMs,confirmation and identification of their important chemical components are necessary. Some new strategies are proposed to trace the chemical changes of chromatographic fingerprints both in product processing and/or after their administration by modern chromatographic techniques and chemometrics. Combined with systems biology and bioinformatics,it seems possible for one to reveal the working mechanism of TCMs and to further control their intrinsic quality comprehensively.

  17. Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine for Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypertension is an important worldwide public -health challenge with high mortality and disability. Due to the limitations and concerns with current available hypertension treatments, many hypertensive patients, especially in Asia, have turned to Chinese medicine (CM. Although hypertension is not a CM term, physicians who practice CM in China attempt to treat the disease using CM principles. A variety of approaches for treating hypertension have been taken in CM. For seeking the best evidence of CM in making decisions for hypertensive patients, a number of clinical studies have been conducted in China, which has paved the evidence-based way. After literature searching and analyzing, it appeared that CM was effective for hypertension in clinical use, such as Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, qigong, and Tai Chi. However, due to the poor quality of primary studies, clinical evidence is still weak. The potential benefits and safety of CM for hypertension still need to be confirmed in the future with well-designed RCTs of more persuasive primary endpoints and high-quality SRs. Evidence-based Chinese medicine for hypertension still has a long way to go.

  18. Effect of herbal medicine on Poststroke cognitive deficit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae-kyu Kim

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : The aim of study was to evaluate the effect of Herbal medicine on post stroke cognitive deficit. Methods : All groups were treated with acupunture treatment, moxa treatment, herbal medicines, physical and occupational therapy for 4 weeks, additionally cardiotonic pills(CP were taken in the cardiotonic pills group. The effect of treatment was assessed using Verval fluency, MMSE-KC, Word List Immediate Recall test. Statistical significance was achived if the probability was less than 5%(p,0.05. Results : Verval fluency, MMSE-KC, Word List Immediate Recall test scores increased in both group. MMSEKC, Word List Immediate Recall test scores were significantly increased in the CP group. Verval fluency, MMSE-KC, Word List Immediate Recall test scores were significantly increased in the control group. In the Verval fluency, MMSE-KC, Word List Immediate Recall test of the CP group more increased compared to the control group. There were no significant differences between two groups. In the CP group, the scores of the infarction group more increased compared to the hemorrhage group. Conclusions : According to the these results, herbal medicines are effective to improve post stroke cognitive-deficit. Futher studies are needed to know cardiotonic pills in the ischemic stroke.

  19. Regulation of herbal medicines in Brazil: advances and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cecília Bezerra Carvalho

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The National Policy of Integrative and Complementary Practices (PNPIC in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS, and The National Policy of Medicinal Plants and Herbal Medicines (PNPMF were launched in 2006. Based on these, the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA re-edited rules related to herbal medicines such as the Guideline to herbal medicine registration (RDC 14/10, the Good Manufacture Practices Guideline (RDC 17/10 and the List of references to assess the safety and efficacy of herbal medicines (IN 05/10. The requisites to prove herbal medicine's safety and efficacy were updated. Therefore, this review aims at presenting and commenting these new rules.Em 2006, dois importantes documentos foram publicados no Brasil: a Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PNPIC no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS e a Política Nacional de Plantas Medicinais e Fitoterápicos (PNPMF à luz das quais a ANVISA avaliou as normas para o setor. Como produto dessa avaliação, foram republicadas as normas para registro de medicamentos fitoterápicos, por meio da Resolução de Diretoria Colegiada (RDC 14/10, as Boas Práticas de Fabricação e Controle de medicamentos na indústria farmacêutica, RDC 17/10, e a lista de referências para comprovação da segurança e eficácia de medicamentos fitoterápicos, na forma da Instrução Normativa (IN 05/10. Em relação às normas anteriormente vigentes, foram atualizados os requisitos para comprovação da segurança e eficácia destes medicamentos e sugeridas alternativas ao controle da qualidade de cada etapa de produção. Dessa forma, essa revisão tem por objetivo apresentar tais normas destacando suas características principais.

  20. Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Comparative Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhushan Patwardhan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Ayurveda, the traditional Indian medicine (TIM and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM remain the most ancient yet living traditions. There has been increased global interest in traditional medicine. Efforts to monitor and regulate herbal drugs and traditional medicine are underway. China has been successful in promoting its therapies with more research and science-based approach, while Ayurveda still needs more extensive scientific research and evidence base. This review gives an overview of basic principles and commonalities of TIM and TCM and discusses key determinants of success, which these great traditions need to address to compete in global markets.

  1. Study on the Extracorporal Antibacterial Activity of 16 Kinds of Chinese Herbal Medicine Granules on Pan Resistant Acinetobacter Bauman%16种中药颗粒剂对泛耐药鲍曼不动杆菌体外抑菌活性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭俊青; 李蔼文; 王康椿; 黄双旺; 周兵; 刘启波

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the extracorporal antibacterial effect of 16 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine granules on pan resistant acineto-bacter bauman. Methods:Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of 16 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine granules on 10 strains of Pan resistant Acinetobacter Bauman separated from aged inpatients in ICU were determined by broth dilution method. Results:Honeysuckle, common andrographis herb, herba patriniae, folium isatidis, fructus forsythiae, radix scutellariae, mint, artemsia ar-gyi, smoked plum, cortex fraxini, schisandra chinensis, rhizoma coptidis, the 12 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine granules suspension had different degrees of bacteriostatic action. Conclusion:Forsythia, scutellaria, mint, artemsia argyi, smoked plum, cortex fraxini, schisandra chinensis, rhizoma coptidis, the 8 kinds of Chinese herbal medicine granule suspension has good bacteriostatic effect, which in clinic treating pan drug resistant acineto-bacter baumannii has certain development value and application prospect.%目的:初步探讨黄连等16种中药颗粒剂对泛耐药鲍曼不动杆菌的体外抑菌效果.方法:采用肉汤稀释法测定黄连等16种中药颗粒剂悬液对ICU病区老年住院患者分离的10株泛耐药鲍曼不动杆菌的最低抑菌浓度(MIC)和最低杀菌浓度(MBC).结果:金银花、穿心莲、败酱草、大青叶、连翘、黄岑、薄荷、艾叶、乌梅、秦皮、五味子、黄连等12种中药颗粒剂悬液具有不同程度的抑菌作用.结论:连翘、黄岑、薄荷、艾叶、乌梅、秦皮、五味子、黄连等8种中药颗粒剂悬液具有较好的抑菌作用,用于临床泛耐药鲍曼不动杆菌治疗具有一定的开发价值和应用前景.

  2. Effects of a Probiotics Combined with Chinese Herbal Medicine on Growth Performance, Water Quality and Resistance to Diseases for Litopenaeus vannamei%中草药复合益生菌制剂对凡纳滨对虾生长、抗病力及水质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤菊芬; 黄瑜; 蔡佳; 鲁义善; 吴灶和; 简纪常

    2015-01-01

    The effects of a probiotics combined with Chinese Herbal Medicine on growth performance, water quality and resistance to diseases ofLitopenaeus vannamei were studied by adding four different probiotics (2×107cfu/g), compound Bacillus (mixedBacillus subtilis,Bacillus natto andBaclicus lincheniformiswith equal parts), Chinese herbal medicine compound Bacillus, compound Probiotics (mixedEnterococcus faecalis, Lactobacillus acidophilusand compound Bacillus with equal parts), Chinese herbal medicine compound probiotics, respectively to the feed. The results indicated that: (1) Four probiotics had significant effects on survival rate, weight-gaining and feed conversion ratio (P<0.05), and Chinese herbal medicine probiotics group on the growth promoting effect is better than that of probiotics group, that of Chinese herbal medicine compound probiotics group to the best (P<0.05). (2) Four probiotics can maintain the stable of pH, ammonia nitrogen and nitrite of aquaculture water (P<0.05), The effects of Chinese herbal medicine probiotics on the improvement of water quality is better than that of probiotics(P<0.05);(3) After water bath soakLitopenaeus vannamei with containing 1×108 cfu/mL ofVibro harveyi for 10 d, the cumulative mortality rate ofLitopenaeus vannamei respectively are Chinese herbal medicine compound probiotics (31.11%), compound Brobiotics (35.56%), Chinese herbal medicine compound Bacillus (37.78%), compound Bacillus (44.44%), control group (93.33%). Results showed that by adding a certain proportion of Chinese herbal medicine compound probiotics, the growth index ofLitopenaeus vannamei can beenhanced, the quality of aquaculture water and capacity of disease resistance can be improved.%将枯草芽孢杆菌、纳豆芽孢杆菌、地衣芽孢杆菌等比例混合,制成芽孢杆菌制剂;将芽孢杆菌制剂与粪肠球菌、嗜酸乳杆菌等比例混合制成复合益生菌制剂;将分别用3种芽孢杆菌发酵的中草药等比例混合制

  3. Analysis on the influencing factors of the farmers’ willingness to plant Chinese herbal medicine and its hierarchical configuration:A case study in Longxi%农户中药材种植意愿影响因素及递阶结构分析--以陇西县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彩红; 段小红; 姜燕飞

    2016-01-01

    基于陇西县150份中药材种植户调查数据,从户主特征、家庭特征、中药材种植特征及外部环境等方面选取变量,运用 logistic-ISM 模型分析农户中药材种植意愿的影响因素及其层级关系。结果显示:文化程度、中药材收入占比、种植年数、中药材销售情况、价格满意程度、政府资金支持对农户中药材种植意愿有显著正向影响,年龄、外出务工劳动力占比、种植成本有显著负向影响。其中,中药材收入占比是表层直接因素,外出务工劳动力占比、种植年数、种植成本、中药材销售情况、价格满意程度、政府资金支持为中层间接因素,年龄和文化程度为深层根源因素。%Based on survey data of 150 households in Longxi and applying the logistic-ISM model, selecting the variable from the dimensions of the features of the household head, family characteristics, Chinese herbal medicine planting characteristics and the external environment, this paper explored the influencing factors that affect farmers’ willingness to plant Chinese herbal medicine, and analyzed the hierarchical relationship among various influencing factors. The results showed that culture degree, proportion of Chinese herbal medicine income, planting years, sales situation, price satisfaction and government funding support positively affect the willingness of households, age, proportion of migrant labour and cost negatively affect the willingness of households. Among them, proportion of Chinese herbal medicine income is surface factors, proportion of migrant labour, cost, planting years, sales situation, price satisfaction and government funding support are middle-level indirect factors, age and culture degree as deep root of factors.

  4. The efficacy of Chinese medicine for SARS: a review of Chinese publications after the crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Ping-Chung

    2007-01-01

    During the SARS crisis in China, 40-60% infected patients, at some stages of their treatment, received Chinese medicine treatment on top of the standard modern medicine treatment. This practice was endorsed and encouraged by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and some details of the herbal treatment were recommended. A review of the publications during and after the SARS crisis enabled us to get an objective view of the true value of the adjuvant therapy using Chinese medicinal herbs. Of the 130 articles searched, 90 were of reasonable quality and contained sufficient information for the enlightenment of the situation. These were reviewed. The results revealed positive but inconclusive indications about the efficacy of the combined treatments using Chinese medicine as an adjuvant. Positive effects using adjuvant herbal therapy included better control of fever, quicker clearance of chest infection, lesser consumption of steroids and other symptoms relief. In a few reports, some evidences of immunological boosterings were also found. More caution is required on the allegation about the efficacy of herbal medicine for the treatment or prevention of viral infection affecting the respiratory tract, while more clinical studies are indicated.

  5. GAP - A Milestone in Traditional Chinese Medicine Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENGJIE; YUJIE

    2004-01-01

    IT is clear that in order for TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) production to meet world standards and enter the international market, herb plantation in China must be standardized. In late September 2003, the US FDA(Food and Drug Administration)held a seminar on the standardization of TCM development and quality control. It reached the conclusion that as long as the Chinese medicine production process meets GAP (Good Agricultural Practice,meaning standardized herbal material plantation), GLP (Good Laboratory Practice, meaning standardized experimental research)and GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice, meaning standardized extraction and preparation technology) standards, TCM products merit certification.

  6. Observation of hot therapy of Chinese herbal medicine combined with western medicine on rheumatoid ar-thritis in active stage%中药烫疗联合西药治疗活动期类风湿关节炎34例临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐宇; 蓝芳; 邱菲; 邱少彬

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of hot therapy of Chinese herbal medicine combined with west -ern medicine on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in active stage.Methods 68 RA patients were randomly divided into two groups .34 cases in treatment group were treated by hot therapy of Chinese herbal medicine combined with western medicine .34 RA patients in control group were treated by routine therapy alone .The effect in two groups was com-pared after 15 days of treatment .The changes of clinical indicators and laboratory indexes were observed before and af -ter treatment.Results The total effective rate in treatment group (88.23%) was higher than that in control group (67.65%, P<0.05).The duration of morning stiffness, joint tenderness, swollen joint count and hands average grip strength after treatment were improved as compared with those before treatment in two groups (P<0.01).The improvement in treatment group was more obvious (P<0.05).ESR, CRP, IL-6 and TNF-αafter treatment were decreased as compared with those before treatment in two groups ( P<0 .01 ) .The decrease in treatment group was more obvious (P<0.05).Conclusion Hot therapy of Chinese herbal medicine can improve arthropathy in RA pa-tients, with good effect , is worthy of clinical application .%目的:观察中药烫疗联合西药治疗活动期类风湿关节炎( RA)的临床疗效。方法将68例RA患者随机分为2组,治疗组34例应用中药烫疗联合西药治疗,对照组34例应用单纯西药治疗,2组均治疗15 d后比较疗效,观察2组治疗前后临床指标、实验室指标变化。结果治疗组总有效率88.23%,对照组总有效率67.65%,2组总有效率比较差异有统计学意义( P<0.05),治疗组疗效优于对照组。2组治疗后晨僵持续时间、关节压痛数、关节肿胀数及双手平均握力均较本组治疗前改善(P<0.01),且治疗组改善更明显(P<0.05)。2组治疗后红细胞沉降率(ESR)、C

  7. [Interactions between herbal medicines and drugs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tůmová, L

    2000-07-01

    At present the use of medicaments of plant origin is on the increase. It is therefore necessary to take into consideration that there exist known as well as potential interactions between the medicament of the medicinal plant. The problematic plants include Echinacea, Allium cepa, Gingko biloba, Panax ginseng, as well as Hypericum perforatum, Valeriana officinalis, or Glycyrrhiza glabra. Its use should be limited, or completely excluded in the cases of simultaneous therapy with, e.g., warfarin, hepatotoxically acting medicaments, MAOI inhibitors, phenelzin sulphate, or phenytoin, as they may decrease of completely eliminate the therapeutic effect of the administered drugs, or they may cause a toxic damage to the organism.

  8. Analysis on Pharmacologic Action Features of Active Ingredients of Single Chinese Herbal Medicine for the Treatment of Fatty Liver Based on Literature%基于文献的单味中药有效成分治疗脂肪肝药理作用特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟周; 邓焱坤; 胡志希; 许潜; 赖永金; 云波

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze pharmacologic action features of single Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of fatty liver based on literature; To provide references for clinical treatment of fatty liver.Methods Animal research literature about single Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of fatty liver in CNKI, Wanfang database, and VIP from January 2003 to December 2014 was retrieved by computers. The number of single Chinese herbal medicine and the pharmacologic action features of active ingredients (or extracts) were statistically concluded. Results A total of 279 articles were retrieved, including 67 kinds of single Chinese herbal medicine, among which 8 were used to treat AFLD, 45 were used to treat NAFLD, and 14 were used to treat AFLD and NAFLD simultaneously. Pharmacologic action features of the medicine for AFLD mainly included reducing lipid, protecting liver, antioxidation, and anti-inflammation. Pharmacologic action features of the medicine for NAFLD had the effects of improving insulin resistance additionally.Conclusion Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of AFLD and NAFLD shows significant efficacy, having the features of multiple pathways and liver damage resistance, which provide references for clinical treatment of fatty liver.%目的:基于文献统计分析单味中药有效成分治疗脂肪肝的药理作用特点,为进一步研究及临床治疗脂肪肝提供参考。方法计算机检索中国知识资源总库(CNKI)、万方数据库、中文科技期刊数据库(VIP)2003年1月-2014年12月报道的单味中药治疗脂肪肝动物研究文献,统计治疗脂肪肝的中药味数,归纳单味中药有效成分(提取成分、水煎剂)的药理作用特点。结果检出符合标准文献279篇,共涉及药物67味,其中用于治疗酒精性脂肪肝(AFLD)的药物8味,治疗非酒精性脂肪肝(NAFLD)的药物45味,同时治疗AFLD及NAFLD的药物14味;治疗AFLD药理作用以调节血

  9. The legal framework governing the quality of (traditional) herbal medicinal products in the European Union.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroes, Burt H

    2014-12-02

    In the European Union a complex regulatory framework is in place for the regulation of (traditional) herbal medicinal products. It is based on the principle that a marketing authorisation granted by the competent authorities is required for placing medicinal products on the market. The requirements and procedures for acquiring such a marketing authorisation are laid down in regulations, directives and scientific guidelines. This paper gives an overview of the quality requirements for (traditional) herbal medicinal products that are contained in European pharmaceutical legislation. Pharmaceutical quality of medicinal product is the basis for ensuring safe and effective medicines. The basic principles governing the assurance of the quality of medicinal products in the European Union are primarily defined in the amended Directive 2001/83/EC and Directive 2003/63/EC. Quality requirements of herbal medicinal products are also laid down in scientific guidelines. Scientific guidelines provide a basis for practical harmonisation of how the competent authorities of EU Member States interpret and apply the detailed requirements for the demonstration of quality laid down in regulations and directives. Detailed quality requirements for herbal medicinal products on the European market are contained in European Union (EU) pharmaceutical legislation. They include a system of manufacturing authorisations which ensures that all herbal medicinal products on the European market are manufactured/imported only by authorised manufacturers, whose activities are regularly inspected by the competent authorities. Additionally, as starting materials only active substances are allowed which have been manufactured in accordance with the GMP for starting materials as adopted by the Community. The European regulatory framework encompasses specific requirements for herbal medicinal products. These requirements are independent from the legal status. Thus, the same quality standards equally apply

  10. Effects of Compound Chinese Herbal Medicines by Solid Fermentation on Mastitis and Production Performance of Dairy Cows%固态发酵复方中药防治奶牛乳房炎的效果及对生产性能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春辉

    2013-01-01

    本研究采用枯草芽胞杆菌和产朊假丝酵母按等比例制作固态发酵复方中药,并对复方中药发酵前后对奶牛乳房炎及生产性能的影响进行了对比分析.结果表明,与空白组相比,复方中药发酵前后均可显著降低奶牛乳房炎的发病率(P<0.05),可提高牛奶的乳蛋白率(P>0.05)和乳脂率(P>0.05),可显著提高奶牛产奶量(P<0.05),添加复方中药制剂组和发酵的复方中药制剂组的产奶量分别较空白组提高了0.72kg/d和2.64kg/d;经发酵后的复方中药制剂在降低奶牛乳房炎发病率、改善乳品质和增加产奶量等方面的效果均优于未发酵的复方中药制剂(即普通中药制剂);复方中药经发酵后,有利于提高中药的利用率及药理活性.%The production technique of compound Chinese herbal medicines by Bacillus subtilis and Candida utilis solid fermentation was investigated.Furthermore,the effects of fermented and unfermented compound herbal medicines on mastitis and the performance of dairy cows were contrastively analyzed.The results indicated that the fermented and unfermented compound herbal medicines could reduced the incidence of mastitis (P<0.05),improved the milk protein percentage (P>0.05) and milk butter-fat percentage (P>0.05),and increased the average milk yield prominently (P<0.05).The average milk yield of unfermented and fermented compound herbal medicines treatment increased 0.88kg/d and 2.71kg/d more than that of the blank treatment,respectively.What's more,the effects of fermented compound herbal medicines on the mastitis incidence,the milk quality and the milk yield were superior to that of unfermented compound herbal medicines.It showed that their bioavailability and pharmacological activities were improved after compound Chinese herbal medicines were fermented by Bacillus subtilis and Candida utilis with same.

  11. Monitoring of mercury, arsenic, and lead in traditional Asian herbal preparations on the Dutch market and estimation of associated risks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martena, M.J.; Wielen, van der J.C.A.; Rietjens, I.; Klerx, W.N.M.; Groot, de H.N.; Konings, E.J.M.

    2010-01-01

    Traditional herbal preparations used in Ayurveda, traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Tibetan medicine, and other Asian traditional medicine systems may contain significant amounts of mercury, arsenic or lead. Though deliberately incorporated in Asian traditional herbal preparations for therap

  12. HERBAL MEDICINE AMONG COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE METHODS

    OpenAIRE

    A. Ruban; Rodioniva, T.

    2012-01-01

    Alternative medicine methods may incorporate or base themselves on traditional medicine [1], folk knowledge [2], spiritual beliefs, or newly conceived approaches to healing. The major complementary and alternative medicine systems have many common characteristics, treating the whole person, including a focus on individualizing treatments, promoting self-care and self-healing, and recognizing the spiritual nature of each individual. Complementary and alternative medicine often lacks or has onl...

  13. Pathogenic microorganisms of medicinal herbal drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stević Tatjana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available All the parts of plants (root, leaf, flower naturally have a high level of microorganisms, bacteria and fungi, especially molds. Microbial contamination could be a result of inappropriate harvesting, cleaning of the raw plant material, unhygienic processing of the plants, unsuitable transport and storage. After examination of over 40 dried medicinal plant species, the lowest microbial quality was determined for Maydis stigma, Mentha leaf and herb, Equisetum herb, Calendula flower, Urtica leaf, Melissa leaf, Serpylli herb, Chamomilla flower etc. Although mixed infections are recorded with different types of fungus, Fusarium was observed as the most dominant genus in most of the tested drugs, followed by Aspergillus and Alternaria. In addition to these fungi species from the following genera were identified: Phoma, Cephalosporium, Nigrospora, Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Gliocladium, Myrothecium, Cercospora, Phomopsis, Verticillium, Dreschlera (=Bipolaris, Rhizoctonia, Septoria, Trichoderma, Curvularia, Stachybotrys, Trichothecium, Puccinia, Botrytis, Mucor and Rhizopus sp., depending on plant species.

  14. Study on sensitivity of Chinese herbal medicine to diabetes foot common bacteria%中药对糖尿病足常见细菌敏感性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温井奎; 徐丽梅; 吴镝; 曹晋桂; 刘芳; 马文杰; 张阳阳; 刘文君

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate antibacterial property of clinical common used 9 kinds of single herb to diabetes foot's common bacteria. Methods: Selecting of Coptis chinensis, Scutelaria baicalensis, Phellodendron chinensis, Flos lonicerae japonieae, Prunella angelica, Angelica sinensis, Ligusticum chuanxiong, Sophora flavescens, Fructus Kochiae granule, using AGAR dilution method, and determinating of minimum inhibitory concentration of each Chinese herbal medicine. Results: Eight kinds of single herbs had different degrees of antibacterial activity to the common bacteria of diabetes foot, except Fructus Kochiae MIC value was higher than 500.00mg/mL. The effects of Coptis chinensis, Scutelaria baicalensis. Prunella asiatica were better than others, as they mean inhibitory concentration of 20 Staphylococcus aureus were 8.59, 37.50, 17.97mg/mL. Conclusion: Coptis chinensis, Scutelaria baicalensis, Prunella asiatica to diabetes foot common bacteria had different degrees of antimicrobial function, the higher the concentration the better the effect.%目的:研究临床常用9种单味中药对糖尿病足感染的常见细菌抑菌性能.方法:选用黄连、黄芩、黄柏、金银花、夏枯草、当归、川芎、苦参、地肤子单味颗粒剂,采用琼脂稀释法,测定每种中药的最低抑菌浓度(MIC).结果:除地肤子对所有实验菌株的MIC均高于500.00mg/mL而无法了解其抑菌作用外,其余8种单味中药对糖尿病足常见的感染细菌均具有不同程度的抑菌作用,以黄连、黄芩、夏枯草效果最佳,如其对20株金黄色葡萄球菌的平均抑菌浓度分别为8.59、37.50、17.97mg/mL,明显优于其他药物.结论:黄连、黄芩、夏枯草等中药对糖尿病足常见的感染细菌均具有不同程度的抑菌作用,浓度越大,效果越好.

  15. Development of in Silico Models for Predicting P-Glycoprotein Inhibitors Based on a Two-Step Approach for Feature Selection and Its Application to Chinese Herbal Medicine Screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ming; Chen, Jialei; Shi, Xiufeng; Xu, Liwen; Xi, Zhijun; You, Lisha; An, Rui; Wang, Xinhong

    2015-10-01

    by developing an ensemble classification model to obtain more reliable predictions. Finally, we employed these models as a virtual screening tool for identifying potential P-gp inhibitors in Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP) database containing a total of 13 051 unique compounds from 498 herbs, resulting in 875 potential P-gp inhibitors and 15 inhibitor-rich herbs. These predictions were partly supported by a literature search and are valuable not only to develop novel P-gp inhibitors from TCM in the early stages of drug development, but also to optimize the use of herbal remedies.

  16. Inorganic constituents in herbal medicine by neutron activation analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves, Rodolfo D.M.R.; Francisconi, Lucilaine S.; Silva, Paulo S.C. da, E-mail: pscsilva@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN- SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The demand for herbal medicines is growing worldwide. The expansion of interest has required the standardization of the sector with implementation and constant review of technical standards for production and marketing of these medicines in order to ensure the safe use, therapeutic efficacy and quality of the products. According to data from the World Health Organization, approximately 80% of world population has resorted to the benefits of certain herbs with therapeutic action popularly recognized. Despite the vast flora and the extensive use of medicinal plants by the population, it is a consensus that scientific studies on the subject are insufficiency. Therefore, it is necessary to stimulate such studies in view of the importance of the results of both individual and social field. The determination of major, minor and trace elements and the research of metabolic processes and their impacts on human health are of great importance due to the growth of environmental pollution that directly affects the plants and therefore the phytotherapics. Therefore, the objective of this work was to determine the content of inorganic constituents in herbal medicine: moisture, total ash and the elements As, Ba, Br, Ca, Cs, Co, Cr, Fe, Hf, K, Na, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U, Zn and Zr by neutron activation analysis in order to verify the quality of the products. It was observed that the elemental concentrations varied in a wide range from plant to plant and elements with higher concentrations were Ba, Fe, Cr and Zn. (author)

  17. Prescriptions of Chinese medicinal herbs in Switzerland: the example of suan zao ren (Ziziphi Spinosae Semen)

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Sabine; Becker, Simon; Wolf, Ursula

    2011-01-01

    Introduction According to the Swiss Health Survey 2007, 1.7% of the adult population use traditional Chinese medicine (including Chinese herbal medicine, but excluding acupuncture). In contrast to conventional drugs, that contain single chemically defined substances, prescriptions of Chinese herbs are mixtures of up to 40 ingredients (parts of plants, fungi, animal substances and minerals). Originally they were taken in the form of decoctions, but nowadays granules are more popular. Medium...

  18. An improved association-mining research for exploring Chinese herbal property theory: based on data of the Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Rui; Lin, Zhi-jian; Xue, Chun-miao; Zhang, Bing

    2013-09-01

    Knowledge Discovery in Databases is gaining attention and raising new hopes for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) researchers. It is a useful tool in understanding and deciphering TCM theories. Aiming for a better understanding of Chinese herbal property theory (CHPT), this paper performed an improved association rule learning to analyze semistructured text in the book entitled Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica. The text was firstly annotated and transformed to well-structured multidimensional data. Subsequently, an Apriori algorithm was employed for producing association rules after the sensitivity analysis of parameters. From the confirmed 120 resulting rules that described the intrinsic relationships between herbal property (qi, flavor and their combinations) and herbal efficacy, two novel fundamental principles underlying CHPT were acquired and further elucidated: (1) the many-to-one mapping of herbal efficacy to herbal property; (2) the nonrandom overlap between the related efficacy of qi and flavor. This work provided an innovative knowledge about CHPT, which would be helpful for its modern research.

  19. History and Experience: A Survey of Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM is practiced in the Chinese health care system for more than 2,000 years. In recent years, herbal medicines, which are used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD in China based on TCM or modern pharmacological theories have attracted considerable attention. In this paper, we discuss etiology and pathogenesis of AD, TCM therapy, and herbal extracts for the treatment of AD. There is evidence to suggest that TCM therapy may offer certain complementary cognitive benefits for the treatment of AD. Chinese herb may have advantages with multiple target regulation compared with the single-target antagonist in view of TCM.

  20. New Chinese Herbal Product Launched in the US

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Greg; Jones

    2009-01-01

    A new form of Chinese medicine that has dominated the Japanese OTC herb market for decades is now available in the U.S.The new medicines,called"Prime Herbs Granules",are produced through a process involving strict controls and advanced technology at every stage.Nevertheless,consumers agree that the benefits are worth

  1. Herbal Remedies for Functional Dyspepsia and Traditional Iranian Medicine Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babaeian, Mahmoud; Naseri, Mohsen; Kamalinejad, Mohammad; Ghaffari, Farzaneh; Emadi, Fatemeh; Feizi, Awat; Hosseini Yekta, Nafiseh; Adibi, Peyman

    2015-01-01

    Context: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a functional gastro-intestinal disorder with high prevalence. Among various treatment options, treatment by complementary and alternative medicines especially herbal remedies also practiced. Traditional Iranian medicine (TIM), a valuable resource of valid applied studies of ancient Iranian scholars, recommends numerous medicinal plants to treat dyspepsia symptoms. In this study, through investigation of TIM references, we aimed to identify medicinal plants for treatment of digestion insufficiency. Evidence Acquisition: In this qualitative study, dyspepsia symptoms including fullness, early satiety, bloating, nausea, and belching were checked under reliable sources of traditional medicine. Then medicinal plants recommended for the treatment of the symptoms were extracted from the books. Likewise, for investigating the pharmacological properties of medicinal plants used for the relieving of dyspepsia symptoms, electronic databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar and some Iranian databases like SID and IranMedex were employed. Results: The study yielded 105 plants from 37 families which could treat various dyspepsia symptoms; fifty-seven plants, mainly from Apiaceae, Lamiaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Zingiberaceae had digestive effects. In this research, based on the information in TIM reference texts, we obtained 58 plants effective for bloating, 40 for nausea, 37 for appetite loss and 7 for belching. In human clinical trials conducted on medicinal plants effective for FD symptoms, 7 single plants were used. Conclusions: Finding the medicinal plants effective on digestion insufficiency based on TIM could suggest a better strategy for the relieving of dyspepsia symptoms. Traditional Iranian medicine prescribes medicinal plants based on each patient’s personal characteristics and practices multiple target therapies. PMID:26734483

  2. Protective effects of Chinese herbal medicine Huqi extractum on salivary glands against radiation in Wistar rats%斛芪浸膏对Wistar大鼠涎腺辐射损伤的保护作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳丽; 秦丽萍; 王凯丽; 李柏

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨中药复方斛芪浸膏对Wistar大鼠涎腺辐射损伤的保护作用.方法:100只Wistar大鼠随机分为假照射组,模型组和高、中、低剂量斛芪浸膏组.除假照射组大鼠外,采用60Coγ射线15 Gy单次局部照射大鼠头颈部建立涎腺辐射损伤模型.于灌胃3 d及40 d后,分别收集唾液,比色法检测唾液中K+、Na+含量,碘-淀粉酶比色法检测唾液淀粉酶活性,酶联免疫吸附测定法检测唾液中分泌型免疫球蛋白A(secretory immunoglobulin A,sIgA)含量;取涎腺组织苏木精-伊红染色检测涎腺形态改变.结果:用药3 d后,各辐射组大鼠均出现涎腺辐射损伤,与假照射组比较,模型组及低、中剂量斛芪浸膏组唾液sIgA含量及体质量下降,唾液淀粉酶活性升高.涎腺组织病理切片显示,用药3 d后各辐射组腺泡胞浆水肿,空泡形成,40 d后涎腺实质细胞萎缩,数量减少.用药40 d后,高剂量斛芪浸膏组大鼠唾液sIgA含量、淀粉酶活性及体质量接近假照射组;涎腺组织结构与假照射组差别不明显.结论:斛芪浸膏能促进涎腺辐射损伤大鼠腺泡结构和功能的恢复.%Objective: To explore the protective effects of Huqi extractum, a compound Chinese herbal medicine, on salivary glands against radiation in Wistar rats.Methods: One hundred Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham-exposure group, untreated group, and low-, medium- and high-dose Huqi groups.Local irradiation of 60Co gamma-rays with a single dose of 15 Gy was applied to the salivary glands of the Wistar rats except the sham-exposure group.After 3- and 40-day treatment, saliva was collected.Colorimetric method, iodine-amylase colorimetric method and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect concentrations of sodium (Na+ ), potassium (K+ ) and secretory immunoglobulin A (slgA) and activity of salivary amylase.Pathological changes of salivary gland tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin straining

  3. Cancer cachexia pathophysiology and translational aspect of herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Hajime; Asakawa, Akihiro; Amitani, Haruka; Fujitsuka, Naoki; Nakamura, Norifumi; Inui, Akio

    2013-07-01

    About half of all cancer patients show a syndrome of cachexia, characterized by anorexia and loss of adipose tissue and skeletal muscle mass. Numerous cytokines have been postulated to play a role in the etiology of cancer cachexia. Cytokines can elicit effects that mimic leptin signaling and suppress orexigenic ghrelin and neuropeptide Y signaling, inducing sustained anorexia and cachexia not accompanied by the usual compensatory response. Furthermore, cytokines have been implicated in the induction of cancer-related muscle wasting. In particular, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1, interleukin-6 and interferon-gamma have been implicated in the induction of cancer-related muscle wasting. Cytokine-induced skeletal muscle wasting is probably a multifactorial process, which involves a depression in protein synthesis, an increase in protein degradation or a combination of both. Cancer patients suffer from the reduction in physical function, tolerance to anti-cancer therapy and survival, while many effective chemotherapeutic agents for cancer are burdened by toxicities that can reduce patient's quality of life or hinder their effective use. Herbal medicines have been widely used to help improve such conditions. Recent studies have shown that herbal medicines such as rikkunshito enhance ghrelin signaling and consequently improve nausea, appetite loss and cachexia associated with cancer or cancer chemotherapy, which worsens the quality of life and life expectancy of the patients. The multicomponent herbal medicines capable of targeting multiple sites could be useful for future drug discovery. Mechanistic studies and identification of active compounds could lead to new discoveries in biological and biomedical sciences.

  4. Rubus fruticosus (blackberry) use as an herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Rameshwar; Gangrade, Tushar; Punasiya, Rakesh; Ghulaxe, Chetan

    2014-07-01

    Wild grown European blackberry Rubus fruticosus) plants are widespread in different parts of northern countries and have been extensively used in herbal medicine. The result show that European blackberry plants are used for herbal medicinal purpose such as antimicrobial, anticancer, antidysentery, antidiabetic, antidiarrheal, and also good antioxidant. Blackberry plant (R. fruticosus) contains tannins, gallic acid, villosin, and iron; fruit contains vitamin C, niacin (nicotinic acid), pectin, sugars, and anthocyanins and also contains of berries albumin, citric acid, malic acid, and pectin. Some selected physicochemical characteristics such as berry weight, protein, pH, total acidity, soluble solid, reducing sugar, vitamin C, total antioxidant capacity, antimicrobial screening of fruit, leaves, root, and stem of R. fruticosus, and total anthocyanins of four preselected wild grown European blackberry (R. fruticosus) fruits are investigated. Significant differences on most of the chemical content detect among the medicinal use. The highest protein content (2%), the genotypes with the antioxidant activity of standard butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) studies 85.07%. Different cultivars grown in same location consistently show differences in antioxidant capacity.

  5. Use of traditional Chinese medicine in the management of urinary stone disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Miyaoka

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the evidence-based literature supporting the use of traditional Chinese medicine Kampo herbal and Acupuncture in stone disease management. Materials and Methods: Four of the most commonly used herbal components of Kampo medicine in the treatment of stone disease are described according to their in vitro and in vivo effects. We also reviewed the role of Acupuncture in urologic clinical setting as well as its proposed mechanisms of action and results. Medline database was assessed using isolated and conjugated key words (Chinese Medicine, Kampo, Chinese Herbal, Calculi, Stone Disease, Kidney, Acupuncture, Herbal Medicine. Articles were reviewed and summarized. Results: Herbal medicine has been proven to be free from side-effects and therefore suitable for long term use therapy. Its antilithic beneficial effects include increased urinary volume, increased magnesium excretion (Takusya, inhibitory activity on calcium oxalate aggregation (Takusya, Wulingsan and Desmodyum styracyfolium, inhibition of calcium oxalate nucleation and hydroxyapatite internalization (Wulingsan. In contrast, acupuncture, has shown to be effective as a pre-treatment anxiolytic and analgesic during colic pain and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy treatment, reducing the need for complementary sedative drugs. Conclusion: Chinese traditional medicine is promising as regards its role in stone prevention. An effort must be made in order to standardize study protocols to better assess acupuncture results since each procedure differs in regards to selected acupoints, electrostimulation technique and adjunct anesthetics. Similarly, standardization of Kampo formulations and acceptable clinical endpoints (imaging vs. symptomatic events is needed.

  6. Terahertz spectroscopic investigation of Chinese herbal medicine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao Xiaoli; Li Jiusheng, E-mail: forever-li@126.com [Centre for THz Research, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018 (China)

    2011-02-01

    The absorption spectra of panax notoginseng and glycyrrhiza in the frequency range of 0.2{approx}1.6THz has been measured with terahertz time-domin spectroscopy at room temperature. Simultaneously, the corresponding theoretical spectra were given by using density functional theory methods. It was found that the absorption peaks of the two molecules obtained by theoretical were in good agreement with the experimental results.

  7. Genotoxic and tumorigenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Chinese herbal plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    P.P. Fu; Q. Xia; M.W. Chou; G. Lin

    2005-01-01

    Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are a class of hepatotoxic and tumorigenic compounds detected in Chinese herbal plants,contaminated foods, and dietary supplements. In this review, the sources, toxicity, genotoxicity, tumorigenicity, and the metabolic pathways,particular the activation pathways leading to hepatotoxicity and tumorigenicity, of pyrrolizidine alkaloids are briefly discussed, with a focus on the most recent important findings concerning the genotoxic mechanism by which riddelliine liver tumors. This mechanism involves the formation of 6,7-dihydro-7-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethyl-5H-pyrrolizine (DHP)-derived DNA adducts and may be general to most carcinogenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids.

  8. 22种常见抗肿瘤中草药的抗氧化活性研究%Antioxidant Activity of 22 Chinese Herbal Medicines for Anti-cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新国; 刘英娟; 曹心张; 张春生; 匡彦蓓

    2015-01-01

    Objective:In this study ,22 Chinese herbal medicines for anti -cancer were developed for the study of its an-tioxidant activity .Methods:The antioxidant activities of samples were evaluated by DPPH method;phenols , flavonoids contents and total reducing power were estimated by using the Folin -Ciocalteu reagent , aluminum salt colorimetric method and ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay ( FRAP) .Results:The results confirmed that 90 .09%of the medi-cine had characterized the antioxidant activity with more than 50%, which included eight kinds of plant materials such as Rhizoma Curcumae , Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati , Wild Skullcaps , Radix Paeoniae Alba , Fern , Salviamiltiorrhiza , Radix Dipsaci Asperoidis , Curcuma longa demonstrated better antioxidant activity ( activity >90%) .Wild Skullcaps demonstrated the best antioxidant activity with the lowest IC 50 value of 0.05g/L, the highest phenolic and flavonoid con-tents of 5240μg/L and 83210μg/L.Conclusion:Each sample for anti -cancer has a strong antioxidant activity except for the Coix seed and Poria , which confirms natural antioxidant and antitumor effect has a certain correlation , but its mechanism needs further research .In this study , it is possible to find antioxidants and antioxidant -based anticancer drugs develop from broad anti -tumor natural resources providing an experimental basis .%目的:本研究以常见的22种具有抗肿瘤活性的中药材为对象,对其抗氧化活性进行研究。方法:以DPPH自由基清除率为指标,测定各试样的抗氧化活性;通过FRAP法,Folin-Ciocaheu法以及铝盐显色法,比较其总还原力,总酚含量以及黄酮含量。结果:抗氧化活性大于50%的药材占到了90.09%,其中莪术、虎杖、野生黄芩、白芍、凤尾草、丹参、川断、姜黄等8种药材DPPH的清除作用均超过了90%,显示了较强的抗氧化作用,且野生黄芩的IC50最低(IC50=0.05g/L),抗氧化能力

  9. Brazilian scientific production on herbal medicines used in dentistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.D. Castro

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to critically analyze the scientific production published in specialized Brazilian journals concerning the use of medicinal plants in dentistry. A literature review was carried out using an indirect documentation technique by means of a bibliographical study. Four examiners performed independent searches in Brazilian journals of medicinal plants indexed in the database SciELO (Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy; Brazilian Journal of Medicinal Plants; Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences; and Acta Botanica Brasilica using the descriptors "herbal medicine/phytotherapy" or "medicinal plants" and "dentistry ". The articles published from 2002 to 2012 addressing the use of medicinal plants in dentistry were included and analyzed. The searches based on the descriptors and reading of abstracts, resulted in 155 articles. Of these, 44 were read in full and a total of 16 publications met the eligibility criteria and were selected. Laboratory studies predominated (10 and were limited to the evaluation of antimicrobial properties by means of tests for determining inhibitory, fungicidal and bactericidal concentrations. Three literature reviews and only one clinical trial with no blinding and randomization were found. It is highlighted the need for better methodological designs in the researches and greater production of clinical or in vivo studies.

  10. Modern use of Chinese herbal formulae from Shang-Han Lun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fang-pey; CHEN Fun-jou; JONG Maw-shiou; TSAI Hui-lin; WANG Jen-ren; HWANG Shinn-jang

    2009-01-01

    Background The Chinese medical archive,Shang-Han Lun,is said to be written by ZHANG Zhong-jing (150-219 A.D.).This great influential work introduced the specific symptoms of six-channel disorders (Tai-Yang,Yang-Ming,Shao-Yang,Tai-Yin,Shao-Yin,and Jue-Yin) and their corresponding treatments,the combined syndromes,deterioration due to malpractice,and the concept of six-channel transitions.The concept of Shang-Han Lun is widely accepted by Chinese herbal doctors.However,no clinical data about Shang-Han symptoms are described in oriental or western medical reports.Methods The clinical prescription data of traditional Chinese medicine visits were extracted under the National Health Insurance in Taiwan.The application rate of 42 Shang-Han formulae in clinical practice was analyzed in detail with the software SPSS.Results Between 1999 and 2002,the prescription rate of Shang-Han formula was only 5.22% among a total of 528 889 576 Chinese herbal formula prescriptions.The most frequently used formula was Tai-Yang formulae (71.31%),followed by Shao-Yang formulae (17.49%) and the most commonly prescribed individual Shang-Han formulae were Ge-Gen Tang (16.11%),Shao-Yao-Gan-Cao Tang (12.97%),Xiao-Qing-Long Tang (11.79%),Ban-Xia Xie-Xin Tang (10.24%),and Xiao-Chai-Hu Tang (9.11%),which comprised 60.22% of the utilization rate of total Shang-Han formulae.Conclusions From the prescription patterns of Shang-Han formulae,there was no evidence of transitions among the six channels.Despite the fundamental role of Shang-Han Lun in traditional Chinese medicine,prescription of Shang-Han formulae was limited in clinical practice.

  11. Species authentication and geographical origin discrimination of herbal medicines by near infrared spectroscopy:A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pei Wang; Zhiguo Yu

    2015-01-01

    Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid and nondestructive analytical technique, integrated with chemometrics, is a powerful process analytical tool for the pharmaceutical industry and is becoming an attractive complementary technique for herbal medicine analysis. This review mainly focuses on the recent applications of NIR spectroscopy in species authentication of herbal medicines and their geo-graphical origin discrimination.

  12. Coping With Hypertension Using Safer Herbal Medicine ? A Therapeutic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakshmi.T

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Hypertension (HT is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and if treated can significantly reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Herbal medicines are in great demand in the developed as well as developing countries for primary healthcare because of their wide biological and medicinal activities, higher safety margins and lesser cost. our article reviews the efficacy of some of valuable herbs like Allium sativum, Centella asiatica, Ginkgo biloba, Crataegus oxycantha, Crataegus monogyna, Passiflora Edulis, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Elaeocarpus ganitrus, Hypericum perforatum, Achillea millefolium. They have a history of human use and their Anti hypertensive properties have been evaluated preclinically and clinically. The present literature emphasizes on causes for hypertension, its signs, symptoms, preventive measures as well as its safer options of treatments. Available data suggests that the extracts of most of these herbs or compounds derived from them may provide a safe and effective adjunctive therapeutic approach for the treatment of hypertension

  13. Review on herbal medicine on brain ischemia and reperfusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nahid Jivad; Zahra Rabiei

    2015-01-01

    Brain ischemia and reperfusion is the leading cause of serious and long-range disability in the world. Clinically significant changes in central nervous system function are observed following brain ischemia and reperfusion. Stroke patients exhibit behavioral, cognitive, emotional, affective and electrophysiological changes during recovery phase. Brain injury by transient complete global brain ischemia or by transient incomplete brain ischemia afflicts a very large number of patients in the world with death or permanent disability. In order to reduce this damage, we must sufficiently understand the mechanisms involved in brain ischemia and reperfusion and repair to design clinically effective therapy. Cerebral ischemia and reperfusion is known to induce the generation of reactive oxygen species that can lead to oxidative damage of proteins, membrane lipids and nucleic acids. A decrease in tissue antioxidant capacity, an increase in lipid peroxidation as well as an increase in lipid peroxidation inhibitors have been demonstrated in several models of brain ischemia. This paper reviews the number of commonly used types of herbal medicines effective for the treatment of stroke. The aim of this paper was to review evidences from controlled studies in order to discuss whether herbal medicine can be helpful in the treatment of brain ischemia and reperfusion.

  14. Review on herbal medicine on brain ischemia and reperfusion简

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nahid; Jivad; Zahra; Rabiei

    2015-01-01

    Brain ischemia and reperfusion is the leading cause of serious and long-range disability in the world. Clinically significant changes in central nervous system function are observed following brain ischemia and reperfusion. Stroke patients exhibit behavioral, cognitive,emotional, affective and electrophysiological changes during recovery phase. Brain injury by transient complete global brain ischemia or by transient incomplete brain ischemia afflicts a very large number of patients in the world with death or permanent disability. In order to reduce this damage, we must sufficiently understand the mechanisms involved in brain ischemia and reperfusion and repair to design clinically effective therapy.Cerebral ischemia and reperfusion is known to induce the generation of reactive oxygen species that can lead to oxidative damage of proteins, membrane lipids and nucleic acids.A decrease in tissue antioxidant capacity, an increase in lipid peroxidation as well as an increase in lipid peroxidation inhibitors have been demonstrated in several models of brain ischemia. This paper reviews the number of commonly used types of herbal medicines effective for the treatment of stroke. The aim of this paper was to review evidences from controlled studies in order to discuss whether herbal medicine can be helpful in the treatment of brain ischemia and reperfusion.

  15. Use of Chinese medicine by cancer patients: a review of surveys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Caroline A

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Chinese medicine has been used to treat a variety of cancer-related conditions. This study aims to examine the prevalence and patterns of Chinese medicine usage by cancer patients. We reviewed articles written in English and found only the Chinese medicine usage from the studies on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM. Seventy four (74 out of 81 articles reported rates of CAM usage ranging from 2.6 to 100%. Acupuncture was reported in 71 out of 81 studies. Other less commonly reported modalities included Qigong (n = 17, Chinese herbal medicine (n = 11, Taichi (n = 10, acupressure (n = 6, moxibustion (n = 2, Chinese dietary therapy (n = 1, Chinese massage (n = 1, cupping (n = 1 and other Chinese medicine modalities (n = 19. This review also found important limitations of the English language articles on CAM usage in cancer patients. Our results show that Chinese medicine, in particular Chinese herbal medicine, is commonly used by cancer patients. Further research is warranted to include studies not written in English.

  16. Some Medicinal Plants Used in Chinese Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    prescriptions for treating dysentery, nephritis, hypertension and other diseases. The bark is also a sourse for the production of the alkaloid berberine ...which is produced in large wuantities in the Chinese People’s Republic. Berberine preparations have become widely used in medicine for treating...many alkaloids (up to 6-9$), the most important being berberine . There is an annual harvest of approximately 900 tons of wild coptis which is also a

  17. Correlation between the different therapeutic properties of Chinese medicinal herbs and delayed luminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Jingxiang; Fu, Jialei; Yang, Meina; Zhao, Xiaolei; van Wijk, Eduard; Wang, Mei; Fan, Hua; Han, Jinxiang

    2016-03-01

    In the practice and principle of Chinese medicine, herbal materials are classified according to their therapeutic properties. 'Cold' and 'heat' are the most important classes of Chinese medicinal herbs according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In this work, delayed luminescence (DL) was measured for different samples of Chinese medicinal herbs using a sensitive photon multiplier detection system. A comparison of DL parameters, including mean intensity and statistic entropy, was undertaken to discriminate between the 'cold' and 'heat' properties of Chinese medicinal herbs. The results suggest that there are significant differences in mean intensity and statistic entropy and using this method combined with statistical analysis may provide novel parameters for the characterization of Chinese medicinal herbs in relation to their energetic properties.

  18. Traditional Chinese medicine for primary liver cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    @@ Further progress has been made in the traditional Chinese medicine for primary liver cancer over the past few years, especially in the research of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment principle, improvement of therapeutic results and prolonging the survival.

  19. Effect of compound chinese herbal medicine 861 on NGAL in serum and urine in diabetic rats%复方861对糖尿病大鼠血、尿ngal的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤华; 张咪; 刘奇; 陈海平; 史振伟

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨糖尿病肾病大鼠血、尿中性粒细胞明胶酶相关脂笼蛋白(neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin,ngal)的水平及复方861对其的影响.方法 采用一次性腹腔注射链脲佐菌素溶液制备糖尿病大鼠模型,随机分为正常对照组(N)、糖尿病组(D)、糖尿病中药治疗组(T)[中药复方861合剂1.5g·(kg·d)-1灌胃],于实验第2、4、8、12周处死,应用酶联免疫吸附法检测血清ngal(sngal)、尿ngal浓度(ungal).结果 糖尿病组较正常组2周起血、尿ngal明显升高(P<0.01);治疗组较糖尿病组2周起尿ngal降低(P<0.01),4周血ngal明显降低(P<0.01).结论 血、尿ngal可作为糖尿病大鼠肾损伤的早期标记物.复方861可降低糖尿病大鼠血、尿ngal浓度而起到肾保护作用.%Objectives To study the neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL)in the serum and urine of diabetic rats and the efficacy of compound chinese? herbal medicine 861 (ccm) on NGAL.Methods Diabetic rats were induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ),and were randomly divided into three groups:normal control group (n =24),d iabete group (n =24),ccm [1.5 g · (kg · d)-1] treatment group (n =24).The concentration of NGAL in serum(sngal) and urine(ungal) was measured by euzymelinked immunosorbent assay at the 2nd,4th,8th and 12th week of experiment.Results NGAL in serum,urine was increased significantly at the 2nd week in diabetic group;In the ccm group sngal and ungal were decreased at the 4th and 2th week respectively compared with the diabetes group.Conclusions NGAL in the serum,urine increases in the early time in diabetic rats and on the increase over time.Ccm can decrease ngal in serum,urine and alleviates the renal tubular ultramicrostructural injury to protect the kidney.

  20. Application of the Bayesian network in Chinese herbal medicine property recognition%贝叶斯网络模型在中药整体药性特征分析中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐方; 容蓉; 薛付忠

    2011-01-01

    目的 阐明物质成分与中药药性间的内在联系和定量关系,选择药性特征标记,建立物质成分与中药整体药性间的贝叶斯网络模型,以期利用网络推理和复原中药整体药性.方法 以还原论研究为基础,遵循中药基础理论的系统论原理,基于高效液相色谱技术,将偏最小二乘判别分析与贝叶斯网络模型有机结合,构建物质成分之间"君、臣、佐、使"的网络结构.结果 以偏最小二乘判别模型选择出的37个药性特征标记作为节点所构建的中药整体药性贝叶斯网络模型,灵敏度、特异度高(ROC曲线下面积达0.98);对中药药性判别能力强,训练集判别正确率达93.88%,对测试集的预测率达100%.结论 中药整体药性贝叶斯网络具有明显的模块化结构,适宜解释中药药性特征标记之间的组合关系并能复原中药整体药性.%Objective To clarify internal relation and quality relationship between the material composition and the Chinese herbal medicine property (CHMP), to establish the Bayesian network model among‘ composition’ and ‘CHMP’, and to infer and restore the CHMP by means of network.Methods According to the reductionism mode,high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technology was combined with the Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) to identify the CHMP-markers.Then based on the system theory, the Bayesian network model of CHMP-markers and CHMP was structured.Results 37 CHMP-markers were selected by the PLS-DA model to build the Bayesian network.It had high sensitivity, specificity (AUC = 0.98) and discriminative power.Using this network to recognize the CHMP, the discriminative accuracy of the training set was 93.88% and the predictive accuracy of the testing set was 100%.Conclusion The Bayesian network has apparent modular construction, and it could explain the compatibility and pathways among the composition and the CHMP.

  1. Bioactive proteins and peptides isolated from Chinese medicines with pharmaceutical potential

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Some protein pharmaceuticals from Chinese medicine have been developed to treat cardiovascular diseases, genetic diseases, and cancer. Bioactive proteins with various pharmacological properties have been successfully isolated from animals such as Hirudo medicinalis (medicinal leech), Eisenia fetida (earthworm), and Mesobuthus martensii (Chinese scorpion), and from herbal medicines derived from species such as Cordyceps militaris, Ganoderma, Momordica cochinchinensis, Viscum album, Poria cocos, Senna obtusifolia, Panax notoginseng, Smilax glabra, Ginkgo biloba, Dioscorea batatas, and Trichosanthes kirilowii. This article reviews the isolation methods, molecular characteristics, bioactivities, pharmacological properties, and potential uses of bioactive proteins originating from these Chinese medicines. PMID:25067942

  2. Quality assurance for Chinese herbal formulae: standardization of IBS-20, a 20-herb preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bensoussan Alan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The employment of well characterized test samples prepared from authenticated, high quality medicinal plant materials is key to reproducible herbal research. The present study aims to demonstrate a quality assurance program covering the acquisition, botanical validation, chemical standardization and good manufacturing practices (GMP production of IBS-20, a 20-herb Chinese herbal formula under study as a potential agent for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Methods Purity and contaminant tests for the presence of toxic metals, pesticide residues, mycotoxins and microorganisms were performed. Qualitative chemical fingerprint analysis and quantitation of marker compounds of the herbs, as well as that of the IBS-20 formula was carried out with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. Extraction and manufacture of the 20-herb formula were carried out under GMP. Chemical standardization was performed with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS analysis. Stability of the formula was monitored with HPLC in real time. Results Quality component herbs, purchased from a GMP supplier were botanically and chemically authenticated and quantitative HPLC profiles (fingerprints of each component herb and of the composite formula were established. An aqueous extract of the mixture of the 20 herbs was prepared and formulated into IBS-20, which was chemically standardized by LC-MS, with 20 chemical compounds serving as reference markers. The stability of the formula was monitored and shown to be stable at room temperature. Conclusion A quality assurance program has been developed for the preparation of a standardized 20-herb formulation for use in the clinical studies for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS. The procedures developed in the present study will serve as a protocol for other poly-herbal Chinese medicine studies.

  3. Medicinal plants and dementia therapy: herbal hopes for brain aging?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Elaine; Howes, Melanie-Jayne R

    2011-12-01

    An escalating "epidemic" of diseases like Alzheimer's has not yet been met by effective symptomatic treatments or preventative strategies. Among a few current prescription drugs are cholinesterase inhibitors including galantamine, originating from the snowdrop. Research into ethnobotanicals for memory or cognition has burgeoned in recent years. Based on a multi-faceted review of medicinal plants or phytochemicals, including traditional uses, relevant bioactivities, psychological and clinical evidence on efficacy and safety, this overview focuses on those for which there is promising clinical trial evidence in people with dementia, together with at least one other of these lines of supporting evidence. With respect to cognitive function, such plants reviewed include sage, Ginkgo biloba, and complex mixtures of other traditional remedies. Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) challenge carers and lead to institutionalization. Symptoms can be alleviated by some plant species (e.g., lemon balm and lavender alleviate agitation in people with dementia; St John's wort treats depression in the normal population). The ultimate goal of disease prevention is considered from the perspective of limited epidemiological and clinical trial evidence to date. The potential value of numerous plant extracts or chemicals (e.g., curcumin) with neuroprotective but as yet no clinical data are reviewed. Given intense clinical need and carer concerns, which lead to exploration of such alternatives as herbal medicines, the following research priorities are indicated: investigating botanical agents which enhance cognition in populations with mild memory impairment or at earliest disease stages, and those for BPSD in people with dementia at more advanced stages; establishing an ongoing authoritative database on herbal medicine for dementia; and further epidemiological and follow up studies of promising phytopharmaceuticals or related nutraceuticals for disease prevention.

  4. Structure analysis of active components of traditional Chinese medicines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Wei; Sun, Qinglei; Liu, Jianhua

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs) have been widely used for healing of different health problems for thousands of years. They have been used as therapeutic, complementary and alternative medicines. TCMs usually consist of dozens to hundreds of various compounds, which are extracted from raw...... herbal sources by aqueous or alcoholic solvents. Therefore, it is difficult to correlate the pharmaceutical effect to a specific lead compound in the TCMs. A detailed analysis of various components in TCMs has been a great challenge for modern analytical techniques in recent decades. In this chapter...

  5. Application of Systems Biology Technology in Research of Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ping; YANG Li-ping; GONG Yue-wen

    2009-01-01

    Systems biology is an emerging science of the 21 st century and its method and design of study resemble those of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Adopting systems biology technology will help to understand TCM Syndromes and modernize Chinese herbal medicine. The technology platforms of systems biology,especially proteomics can provide useful tools for exploring essence of TCM syndromes and understanding principle of herbal formulation. Moreover, compared with methods of molecular biology, such as genomics and proteomics, metabolomics provide more direct, rapid, concise and effective methods for study of kidney disease especiallv in the case of prevention and treatment with TCM.

  6. Anti-foot-and-mouth disease virus effects of Chinese herbal kombucha in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naifang Fu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV is sensitive to acids and can be inactivated by exposure to low pH conditions. Spraying animals at risk of infection with suspensions of acid-forming microorganisms has been identified as a potential strategy for preventing FMD. Kombucha is one of the most strongly acid-forming symbiotic probiotics and could thus be an effective agent with which to implement this strategy. Moreover, certain Chinese herbal extracts are known to have broad-spectrum antiviral effects. Chinese herbal kombucha can be prepared by fermenting Chinese herbal extracts with a kombucha culture. Previous studies demonstrated that Chinese herbal kombucha prepared in this way efficiently inhibits FMDV replication in vitro. To assess the inhibitory effects of Chinese herbal kombucha against FMDV in vitro, swine challenged by intramuscular injection with 1000 SID50 of swine FMDV serotype O strain O/China/99 after treatment with Chinese herbal kombucha were partially protected against infection, as demonstrated by a lack of clinical symptoms and qRT-PCR analysis. In a large scale field trial, spraying cattle in an FMD outbreak zone with kombucha protected against infection. Chinese herbal kombucha may be a useful probiotic agent for managing FMD outbreaks.

  7. Clinical Service of Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) faces three major challenges:(1)How to enhance its contribution on overall medical service quality? (2) How to best address the unmet medical needs in the contemporary society? (3)How to guarantee that the traditional perspective for disease diagnosis and treatment not be neglected in clinical practice?

  8. Developing new drugs from annals of Chinese medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaoxiang Bian

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Developing new pharmaceuticals requires massive amounts of time, money and efforts. The key step is how to find a safe and effective entity for a disease condition and how to develop it as new drug effectively. Unfortunately, the FDA's rate of approving new entities has declined dramatically in the last three decades. There is a strong need to review the current strategy and to optimize process in developing new drugs, both to shorten the process and increase the success rate. Chinese medicine has used natural products to treat patients for thousands of years, and Chinese medicine practitioners have chronicled the patients and treatment methods for thousands of years. There is much information that has not yet been used. The success stories of artimisinin and arsentic trioxide are wonderful examples of how the annals of Chinese medicine can provide leads for discovering new drugs. This paper argues that the annals of Chinese medicine are valuable and describes how they can be used in modern drug discovery. The major topics addressed are: (i why Chinese medicine is a rich resource for finding new drugs; (ii how to identify a potential valuable record from Chinese medicine annals; (iii when a potential valuable record is identified from annals, how to proceed; and (iv both why and how the approach used for chemical drugs should be revised for drugs based on the historical documents related to herbal medicine. In conclusion, we argue here that the annals of Chinese medicine offer not only a rich resource for new drugs, but also several centuries of patient data with regard to safety and efficacy, that in effect represent pilot studies. Acknowledging and using these data can shorten new drug discovery time and improve efficiency of the drug development process, bringing more effective, safe drugs to market much more quickly and cheaply.

  9. Herbal Medicine as Inducers of Apoptosis in Cancer Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Safarzadeh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Cancer is uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Nowadays, cancer is considered as a human tragedy and one of the most prevalent diseases in the wide, and its mortality resulting from cancer is being increased. It seems necessary to identify new strategies to prevent and treat such a deadly disease. Control survival and death of cancerous cell are important strategies in the management and therapy of cancer. Anticancer agents should kill the cancerous cell with the minimal side effect on normal cells that is possible through the induction of apoptosis. Apoptosis is known as programmed cell death in both normal and damaged tissues. This process includes some morphologically changes in cells such as rapid condensation and budding of the cell, formation of membrane-enclosed apoptotic bodies with well-preserved organelles. Induction of apoptosis is one of the most important markers of cytotoxic antitumor agents. Some natural compounds including plants induce apoptotic pathways that are blocked in cancer cells through various mechanisms in cancer cells. Multiple surveys reported that people with cancer commonly use herbs or herbal products. Vinca Alkaloids, Texans, podo phyllotoxin, Camptothecins have been clinically used as Plant derived anticancer agents. The present review summarizes the literature published so far regarding herbal medicine used as inducers of apoptosis in cancer.

  10. Quality Analysis of Herbal Medicine Products Prepared from Herba Sarcandrae by Capillary Electrophoresis with Electrochemical Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Xiao-guang; SUN Jin-ying; ZHU De-rong; YUAN Bai-qing; YOU Tian-yan

    2008-01-01

    A capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection(CE-ED)method was developed for the quality analysis of herbal medicine products prepared from the sanle herb of Herba Sarcandrae:Fufang Caoshanhu tablets,Qingrexiaoyanning capsules,and Xuekang oral liquids.Under the optimal analysis conditions,the low detection limit[1.0×10-7mol/L(S/N=3)]and the wide linear range(1.0×10-7-1.0×10-4 mol/L)were obtained for quality standard compound of isofraxidin.The precisions of the peak current and the migration time(as RSDs)for the real sample analysis were 2.0%-2.6%,and 1.2%-1.8%for isofraxidin,respectively.The contents of isofraxidin detected were 15.77 μg/tablet,0.48 mg/capsule,1.2 mg/ampoule(Jiangxi),and 0.44 mg/ampoule(Dalian)for Fufang Canshanhu tablets,Qingrexiao yanning capsules,and Xuekang oral liquids from different manufacturers,respectively.Quality estimate Was conducted by comparing the contents of isofraxidin in the herbal medicine products with the demanded values of Chinese pharmacopeia.In addition,based on their own unique CE-ED profiles(namely,CE-ED electropherograrns)the Xuekang oral liquids from the different manufacturers could be easily identified.

  11. Comparative in vitro dissolution of two commercially available Er-Zhi-Wan herbal medicinal products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In vitro dissolution test is an essential tool to assess the quality of herbal medicinal products in the solid dosage forms for oral use. Our work aimed to evaluate the dissolution behavior of Er-Zhi-Wan, in the formulations of water-honeyed pill and formula granule. Different media (water, 30% EtOH, 0.1 M HCl, acetate buffer, pH 4.5 and phosphate buffer, pH 6.8 were used following United States Pharmacopoeia and Chinese Pharmacopeia. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography method was developed and validated to detect simultaneously six active ingredients for quantification and dissolution study (salidroside, specnuezhenide, nuezhenoside, luteolin, apigenin, oleanolic acid. As we observed, contents of main active ingredients were close in the two formulations for daily dose. In each medium, more ingredients dissolved from formula granule with higher Ymax and Ka. The mean dissolution time of the most ingredients in granule was significantly shorter than that in pill in acetate buffer, pH 4.5 and phosphate buffer, pH 6.8. Furthermore, salidroside, specnuezhenide and luteolin dissolved more than 80% in 30 min from formula granule, which indicated higher solubility along the intestinal tract according to biopharmaceutics classification system. The dissolution test developed and validated was adequate for its purposes and could be applied for quality control of herbal medicine. This work also can be used to provide necessary information on absorption for its biopharmaceutical properties.

  12. 中药和泰药提取物对褐点石斑鱼的免疫效果%Natural Immunostimulants from Chinese herbal Medicine and Thai Medicine for Brown Spotted Grouper

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴小连; Jumroensri Thawonsuwan; 李宏; Jiraporn Jarungsriapisit; 王世锋; 郭伟良; 周永灿; 谢珍玉

    2012-01-01

    采用酒精萃取法,从8种中药和2种泰药中提取了有效成分,并通过氮蓝四唑(NBT)还原法检测了褐点石斑鱼(Epinephelus fuscoguttatus)白细胞产生氧负离子能力的强弱和吞噬活性,开展了以上药物对褐点石斑鱼的免疫效果研究.白细胞氧负离子检测的结果表明:当药物萃取物质量浓度为10 g·L-1时,香菇组(C4)的免疫效果最好;当药物萃取物质量浓度为5g·L-1时,所有实验组的免疫效果均不明显;当药物萃取物质量浓度为2.5 g·L-1和1.25g·L-1时,黄芪组(C3)、香菇组(C4)、红参组(C5)和复方1组(C7)的免疫效果最为突出:而当药物萃取物质量浓度为0.625 g·L-1时,黄芪组(C3)、杜仲组(C2)和姜黄组(T1)的免疫效果最为突出.白细胞吞噬活性的检测结果表明:红参组(C5)、香菇组(C4)、黄芪组(C3)及复方1组(C7)这4个试验组的白细胞吞噬活性极显著高于对照组(P<0.01).因此认为:红参、香菇、黄芪及生脉玉屏风散这4种药物的萃取物能明显提高褐点石斑鱼的非特异性免疫力,这为今后开展褐点石斑鱼的新型安全的免疫增加剂的研究奠定了良好基础.%In our report, ethyl alcohol extraction method were performed to extract active ingredients from eight kinds of Chinese herb medicine ( Epimedium herb (Epimedium sagittatum) , Eucommia bark (Eucommia ud-moides), Radix astragali (Astragalus membranaceus), Lentinan (Lentinus edodes) , Radix ginseng rubra (Pa-nax ginseng) , Five leaf Gynostemma herb (Gyrwstemma pentaphyllum), compound 1 (Shengmai Yu Ping Feng San) , and compound2 (Shi Quail Da Bu Tang) ) and two kinds of Thai medicine (Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and Fahtalaijons (Andrographis paniculata) ); tetrazolium ( NBT) reduction methods were performed to determine the production of superoxide anion and phagocytic activity of its white blood cell and analyze its immune effects for brown-spotted groupe (Epinephelus fuscoglltalus). The results indicated

  13. On the natural medical features of traditional Chinese medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Ming; Gong, Jiapei; Liu, Yuanlong

    2007-06-01

    Heaven-human-earth Pattern (HHE) regarded as a crucial conception of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been applied extensively in TCM diagnostics, etiology, acupuncture therapeutics, materia medica and herbal formula, etc. It associates closely with Chinese classic cosmology. Since ancient time of China, many cosmic phenomena have been introduced to prove or illustrate TCM theories. Moreover, the five-element theory has been proven to be in keeping with some modern approaches of life provenance and life evolution. As a result, Chinese materia medica develops in a way of a pure natural medicine. It is of great significance that by realizing the natural features, the public nowadays can understand TCM better in its scientific connotations.

  14. [Evaluation of the importance of herbs in the Chinese herbal compounds based on the theory of rough sets].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Minbi

    2013-10-01

    The theory of rough sets has been applied to evaluate the importance of each herb in the Chinese herbal compounds in this study. This method could distinguish core herbs through different syndrome types in the same class of prescription by measuring the importance of attributes. Compared to the frequency statistical method, the rough sets method could reveal law of compatibility in categorized formula more deeply. This study gives some guidance to clinical application of herbs and the drug screening in the development of new Chinese traditional medicine.

  15. Chinese Medicine Men

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Yan Xijun (闫希军) may have studied both busi- ness and medicine, but the founder of Tasly Group(天士力集团), one of China's leading pharmaceutical firms,attributes most of his success to his military background.

  16. An authenticity survey of herbal medicines from markets in China using DNA barcoding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Jianping; Pang, Xiaohui; Liao, Baosheng; Yao, Hui; Song, Jingyuan; Chen, Shilin

    2016-01-07

    Adulterant herbal materials are a threat to consumer safety. In this study, we used DNA barcoding to investigate the proportions and varieties of adulterant species in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) markets. We used a DNA barcode database of TCM (TCMD) that was established by our group to investigate 1436 samples representing 295 medicinal species from 7 primary TCM markets in China. The results indicate that ITS2 barcodes could be generated for most of the samples (87.7%) using a standard protocol. Of the 1260 samples, approximately 4.2% were identified as adulterants. The adulterant focused on medicinal species such as Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma (Renshen), Radix Rubi Parvifolii (Maomeigen), Dalbergiae odoriferae Lignum (Jiangxiang), Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (Shichangpu), Inulae Flos (Xuanfuhua), Lonicerae Japonicae Flos (Jinyinhua), Acanthopanacis Cortex (Wujiapi) and Bupleuri Radix (Chaihu). The survey revealed that adulterant species are present in the Chinese market, and these adulterants pose a risk to consumer health. Thus, regulatory measures should be adopted immediately. We suggest that a traceable platform based on DNA barcode sequences be established for TCM market supervision.

  17. Necessary conditions for the globalization of traditional Chinese medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Bei-Bei; Gong, Xiu-Lin

    2011-03-01

    With the current trend of globalization, unprecedented opportunities and enormous changes have emerged for the global development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, many old and new challenges and problems still remain, including partial or limited comprehension of acupuncture, oriental medicine and TCM, the existence of non-standardized institutes of TCM and acupuncture training schools, unqualified TCM practitioners, and problems concerning Chinese herbal medicine and inexperience in conducting TCM business. These problems will doubtlessly impede the further development of TCM worldwide in the foreseeable future. It is also clear that the globalization of TCM will require a large scale systematic project and constitute an arduous historical task. This paper aims to consolidate 6 strategic development modes to reinforce and facilitate the process of TCM globalization through a detailed analysis of both the present status and existing problems concerning the development of TCM in the United States.

  18. Studies on the detoxification effects and acute toxicity of a mixture of cis-sec-butyl-1-propoenyl disulphide and trans-sec-butyl-1-propoenyl disulphide isolated from crude essential oil of Ferula sinkiangensis K.M. Shen, a Chinese traditional herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Bengui; Wang, Shu; Zhang, Li

    2011-07-01

    There have, so far, been no papers about the detoxification effects on morphine-dependent animals of a mixture of cis-sec-butyl-1-propoenyl disulphide and trans-sec-butyl-1-propoenyl disulphide (SBD), which is isolated from crude essential oil of Ferula sinkiangensis K.M. Shen, a Chinese traditional herbal medicine. Naloxone-precipitated abstinent morphine-dependent models and naturally abstinent morphine-dependent models were used to evaluate the detoxification effects of intraperitoneal injection of SBD. In addition, the writhing test for mice was used to assess the anti-nociceptive effects of SBD, and the spontaneous activity test was used to verify the sedative effects of SBD. Acute toxicity tests of the SBD in mice were performed and the LD₅₀ values were calculated. The results indicated that SBD can inhibit the abstinent syndromes, and that SBD had good anti-nociceptive and sedative effects.

  19. Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Feed Additive on Biochemistry, Antioxidantion and Immunity in Guangxi Partridge Chickens%中草药饲料添加剂对广西麻鸡血液生化指标、抗氧化能力及免疫功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛洪伟; 唐燕飞; 韦宗海; 黄何元; 蒋华连

    2012-01-01

    为研究中草药饲料添加剂对广西麻鸡血液生化指标、抗氧化能力和免疫功能的影响,选择1日龄广西麻鸡3000只为试验动物,进行120d的饲养试验。试验鸡群随机分为2组,每组2个重复。对照组饲喂基础饲粮。试验组饲喂基础饲粮+中草药饲料添加剂,并在不同日龄和发病情况下在饲粮中添加不同剂量的中草药饲料添加剂。结果表明,中草药饲料添加剂能显著提高血清中钙、磷的含量,降低血清中胆固醇的含量(P〈0.05);能够提高血清中谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶、超氧化物歧化酶的活性和降低血清中丙二醛的含量(P〈0.05);显著提高血清IgA、IgG、IgM、补体C3和C4的含量(P〈0.05)。说明中草药饲料添加剂能够显著改善广西麻鸡的血液生化指标、提高抗氧化能力和免疫功能。%To investigate the effects of Chinese herbal medicine feed additive on the mechanism of action from antioxidation, immunity and biochemistry of Guangxi partridge chicken without using antibiotics. Three thousand Guangxi partridge chickens were randomly assigned to 2 groups, each group had 2 repeats. Control group was fed with basic diet, while test group was fed with basic diets added Chinese herbal medicine feed additive for 120 days. Test group used Chinese herbal medicine feed additive for prevention and treatment of diseases. The results showed that the methods of test group increased Ca and P in serum significantly(P〈0.05) and decreased Cholesterol(P〈 0.05), significantly increased serum GSH-Px and SOD(P〈0.05), and decreased MDA content(P〈0.05), significantly increased IgA, IgG, IgM, complement C3 and complement C4 contents in serum(P〈0.05). Chinese herbal medicine feed additive can effectively improve immune function enhancing the antioxidant capacity and improving serum biochemistry indices.

  20. Medicinal plants used as excipients in the history in Ghanaian herbal medicine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Freiesleben, Sara Holm; Soelberg, Jens; Jäger, Anna

    2015-01-01

    Ethnopharmacological relevance The present study was carried out to investigate the traditional use, pharmacology and active compounds of four plants commonly used as excipients in herbal medicine in Ghana. Materials and methods A comprehensive literature search was conducted to gain knowledge....... melegueta could act as an antioxidant to preserve herbal preparations. None of the plant excipients had antibacterial activity against the bacteria tested in this study. Compounds with an aromatic or pungent smell had been identified in all the plant excipients. An explanation for the use of the plants...... as excipients could rely on their taste properties. Conclusion The present study suggests that there may be more than one simple explanation for the use of these four plants as excipients. Plausible explanations have been proven to be: (1) a way to increase the effect of the medicine, (2) a way to make...

  1. 热应激下中草药对鸡法氏囊、胸腺淋巴细胞组织学的影响%Effects of Chinese Herbal Medicine on the Histology of the Lymphocytes in Bursa of Fabricius and Thymus of Chickens under Heat Stress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘会茹; 沈萍; 杨彩然; 史秋梅; 董淑珍; 杨光; 左天衡

    2012-01-01

    To valuate the immune mechanism of Chinese herbal medicine for heated-stress chickens, the histological changes of the central immune organs were observed. A total of 120 healthy 88-day-old Isa Brown commercial laying chickens were randomly divided into six groups,three experimental groups (High,medium and low dose groups) and three control groups (High temperature, room temperature and Vc (5 mg/d) groups). In the experimental groups chickens were fed with the high dose (7. 5 mg/d), the medium dose (5 mg/d), or the low dose (2. 5 mg/d) of Chinese herbal medicine. On Days 88,91,95,and 97,the changes of lymphocyte in bursa of fabri-cius and thymus of chicken were examined. The bursa of fabricius and thymus tissue samples were processed routinely for paraffin embedding technique and stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H. E). The results showed that on Day 97,the lymphocytes in bursa of fabricius added with 7. 5 mg/d Chinese herbal medicine was significantly increased than that of the high temperature control group (P<0. 01), which are 84. 33 and 69. 81, respectively. The lymphocytes in bursa of fabricius of chicken added with 5 mg/d Chinese herbal medicine was 81. 61, significantly increased than that of high temperature control group (P<0. 05). The lymphocytes in thymus of the high dose and the medium dose groups were 95. 85 and 91. 40,higher than that of the high temperature control group (P<0. 01). This indicated that adding 7. 5 mg/d Chinese herbal medicine for heated-stress chickens significantly increased lymphocytes in bursa of fabricius and thymus of chicken and the higher concentration the better,which implies that the Chinese herbal medicine is useful for easing the effects of heat stress.%为了探讨热应激下中草药对鸡中枢免疫器官的作用机制,进行了鸡法氏囊、胸腺内淋巴细胞数量的动态观察.选择88日龄健康伊莎褐商品代蛋用雏鸡120只,随机分成6个组:3个试验组为中草药高(7.5mg/d)、中(5mg

  2. 三重串联四极杆电感耦合等离子体质谱法 测定植源性中药材中总硫含量%Determination of Total Sulfur Dioxide in Chinese Herbal Medicines via Triple Quadrupole Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓伟; 刘景富; 关红; 王小艳; 邵兵; 张晶; 刘丽萍; 张妮娜

    2016-01-01

    As an important treatment method ,sulfur fumigation plays an essential role in the production and preservation of traditional Chinese herbal medicines .Although there is strict regulation on the use of sulfur dioxide ,the abuse of sulfur dioxide still occurred from time to time .And the public faces a high risk of exposure .Because of the poor precision and tedious prepara-tion procedures of traditional recommended titration ,the accurate and convenient determination of sulfur dioxide in Chinese herb-al medicines is still a critical analytical task for medicines safety and the public health .In this study ,an accurate ,high-through-put ,and convenient method for the absolute determination of SO2 in Chinese herbal medicines based on triple quadrupole induc-tively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS/MS) technique is developed .The study compared the quantitative ability for sulfur when the ICP-MS operated under traditional single quadrupole (QMS) mode and novel triple quadrupole (MS/MS) mode with three Reaction/Collision cell condition (no gas ,helium ,and oxygen) .The result indicated that when the concentration of sulfate ranging from 0 .5 to 100 mg · L -1 ,isotopic 34 S can be selected as quantitative ion either the ICP-MS operated under the QMS mode or MS/MS mode .The use of helium in the Reaction/Collision cell decreased the single intensity of background ions . Better than QMS mode ,the MS/MS mode can effectively reduced background interference .But there are no significant differ-ences about the linear range and limit of detection .However ,when the ICP-MS operated under MS/MS mode and oxygen was used as reaction gas in the Reaction/Collision cell ,the ICP-MS/MS provided an interference-free performance ,the linear range and limit of detection improved significantly .Either 32S or 34S exhibits an excellent linearity (r>0.999) over the concentration range of 0 .02~100 mg · L -1 ,with a limit of detection of 5.48 and 9.76 μg · L -1 for 32S16O2 -4 and 34

  3. Insights on the Formulation of Herbal Beverages with Medicinal Claims According with Their Antioxidant Properties

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Several herbal beverages claim medicinal benefits due to their antioxidant properties. However, operational factors such as the extracted herbal component, preparation method or concentration levels, might influence their biological activity. To assess this effect, the antioxidant activity of beverages prepared with Camellia sinensis, Aspalathus linearis or Cochlospermum angolensis, used solely or mixed with different fruit, plant or algae extracts, was studied using different ...

  4. Clinical Research on Staged Chinese Herbal Medicinal Therapy Combined with Chemotherapy in Treatment of Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer%中医药分阶段结合化疗治疗晚期非小细胞肺癌的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑欢欢

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨中医药分阶段结合化疗治疗晚期非小细胞肺癌的临床效果。方法纳入的对象为整群选取该院自2011年1月—2013年1月所收治的77例晚期非小细胞肺癌患者,随机分为化疗组、化疗+中医组,观察治疗效果和不良反应等指标。结果(1)化疗+中医组患者临床缓解率72.50%跟化疗组67.57%相似,经χ2检验,P>0.05;(2)治疗后化疗+中医组VEGF、CEA、CYFRA21-1、KPS评分、中位生存期更佳,经t检验,P0.05 (2) After treatment, the VEGF, CEA, CYFRA21-1 and KPS scores and median survival time in the chemotherapy plus Chinese medicine group were better, P<0.05, the medi-an survival time was (10.97±2.72) months in the chemotherapy group and (14.91±2.63) months in the chemotherapy plus Chinese medicine group. (3) The incidence rates of toxic and side effects in the chemotherapy plus Chinese medicine group were obviously lower than those in the chemotherapy group, P<0.05. Nausea and vomiting occurred to 15 cases, diarrhea oc-curred to 6 cases, decrease in hemoglobin occurred to 4 cases and myelosuppression occurred to 4 cases in the chemothera-py group and nausea and vomiting occurred to 7 cases, diarrhea occurred to 2 cases, decrease in hemoglobin occurred to 2 cases and myelosuppression occurred to 2 cases in the chemotherapy plus Chinese medicine group. Conclusion The clinical effect of staged Chinese herbal medicinal therapy combined with chemotherapy in treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer is definite, which is worth promotion.

  5. The Relationship between Traditional Chinese Medicine and Modern Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingcheng Dong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The essence of the traditional Chinese medicine has always been the most advanced and experienced therapeutic approach in the world. It has knowledge that can impact the direction of future modern medical development; still, it is easy to find simple knowledge with mark of times and special cultures. The basic structure of traditional Chinese medicine is composed of three parts: one consistent with modern medicine, one involuntarily beyond modern medicine, and one that needs to be further evaluated. The part that is consistent with modern medicine includes consensus on several theories and concepts of traditional Chinese medicine, and usage of several treatments and prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine including commonly used Chinese herbs. The part that is involuntarily beyond modern medicine contains several advanced theories and important concepts of traditional Chinese medicine, relatively advanced treatments, formula and modern prescriptions, leading herbs, acupuncture treatment and acupuncture anesthesia of traditional Chinese medicine that affect modern medicine and incorporates massage treatment that has been gradually acknowledged by modern therapy. The part that needs to be further evaluated consists not only the knowledge of pulse diagnosis, prescription, and herbs, but also many other aspects of traditional Chinese medicine.

  6. Inhibition Effect of Extract Liquids from Chinese Herbal Medicines on Three Pathogens of Citrus Disease%中草药提取液对3种柑橘病原菌的抑制作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘畅; 任艳芳; 何俊瑜; 张兰兰; 尹国胜

    2011-01-01

    为了对中草药提取物应用于水果保鲜领域和开发新型植物源农药提供理论基础和依据,在中药质量浓度为0.05g/mL条件下,测定19种中草药水提物对3种来自柑橘采后病害的病原菌意大利青霉(Penicillium italicum Wehmer)、指状青霉(Penicillium digitatum Sacc.)和柑橘链格孢(Alternaria citri Ellis et Pierce)的抑菌效果.结果表明:同一种中药对不同病原菌及不同中药对同一病原菌的抑制作用存在差异.19种中草药水提物中,黄连对3种病原菌的综合抑菌率最高,为98.37%,且黄连提取物对意大利青霉,指状青霉,柑橘链格孢的最小抑菌浓度(MIC)分别为:0.2,0.025,0.05g/mL.而白芥子对意大利青霉以及桃仁、茯苓和玄参对指状青霉的生长则具有不同程度的促进作用.%The inhibition effect of 19 extract liquids with 0. 05 g/mL concentration from Chineae herbal medicines on Penicillium italicum. Penicillium digitatum and Alternaria citri of citrua diseasea was determined to provide the theoretical basis for application of Chineae herbal medicine extract in fruit preaervation and development of new batanical pesticiden. The results showed that there was difference in inhibition effect of the same extract liquid against different pathogens and inhibition effect of different extract liquids against the same pathogen , the comprehenaive inhibition rate of Coptis chinensis extract liquid against three pathogens reached 98. 37 % , the minimal inhibitony concentra tion of Coptis chinensis extract liquid against Penicillium italicum , Penicillium digitatum and Alternaria citri was 0 . 2 , 0. 025 and 0. 05 g/mL respectively , Sinapis alba extract liquid could promote growth of Peniciltium italicum , and liquida extracted from Prunus persica , Poria cocos and Scrophularia ningpoensis could promote growth of Penicillium digitatum to varying degrees.

  7. Herbal Medicine in Mexico: A Cause of Hepatotoxicity. A Critical Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Valdivia-Correa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In Mexico, herbal products are commonly used as therapeutic tools. The analysis of several publications reveals that there are dozens of different herbs and herbal products used for different reasons, some of which have been implicated in causing toxic liver disease. However, methodological aspects limit the attribution of causality, and the precise incidence and clinical manifestations of herb-induced liver injury have not been well characterized. This review outlines the history of traditional herbal medicine in Mexico, critically summarizes the mechanisms and adverse effects of commonly used herbal plants, and examines the regulatory issues regarding the legal use of these products.

  8. 自制中药颗粒剂对腹泻仔猪小肠黏膜病理结构及养分消化率的影响%Influence of Home-made Chinese Herbal Medicine Compound on Pathological Structure and Nutrient Digestibility of Intestinal Mucosa in Diarrheal Piglets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娟; 陈剑波; 王志俊; 刘一飞; 吴苏君; 杨忠; 夏艳婷; 赵敏

    2015-01-01

    This study was carried out to research the influence of home-made Chinese herbal medicine compound on organizational structure of intestinal mucosa and nutrient digestibility in diarrheal piglets. Thirty-six 28 days-old weaned Duroc ×Landrace ×Yorkshire piglets infected by Escherichia coli artificially were equally divided into two groups. Each group included three equal replicates. Group 1 and 2 were respectively treated with antibiotics and Chinese herbal medicine compound. One weaned piglet was randomly slaughtered from each replicates on 14 d after medication, then histopathologic changes of intestinal mucosa acquired sterilely were observed via paraffin section and hematoxylin-eosin staining. The other piglets were raised for 14 days sequentially, and digestion trial was performed by endogenous indicator. Organizational structure of intestinal mucosa: there were not evidently pathological changes except for small amount of hemorrhage in herbal medicine group, whereas, there were more pathological changes in antibiotics group-exfoliation, hyperemia, hemorrhage, epithelial cell necrosis, eosinophil infiltration, inflammatory cellinfiltration mostly as LELs and GSs. Microvillus exfoliated and arranged in disorder, and cells were damaged seriously. Organelle structure of chondriosome was abnormal. Nutrient digestibility (%):as for organic material and P, there was no significant difference between every group (P>0.05). Digestibility of Ca in herbal medicine group was 57.10%, which was significantly higher than antibiotics group that was 56.10%(P0.05).Digestibility of CP in herbal medicine group was 79.30%, which significantly higher than antibiotics group that was 78.50%(P0.05).Digestibility of CF in herbal medicine group was 48.30%, which significantly higher than antibiotics group that was 46.10%(P0.05).Digestibility of EE in herbal medicine group was 63.40%, which significantly higher than antibiotics group that was 62.10%(P0.05).Conclusion: antibiotic

  9. Herbal Medicines Use During Pregnancy: A Review from the Middle East

    Science.gov (United States)

    John, Lisha J.; Shantakumari, Nisha

    2015-01-01

    The prevalence of the herbal medicines use is on the rise across the world, especially amongst pregnant women. The scenario in the Middle Eastern region was reviewed to explore the prevalence, usage pattern, motivation, and attitude towards use of herbal medicine by pregnant women. Literature published up to December 2012 showed the prevalence of herbal medicine use varied between 22.3–82.3%, implying a rising trend in the utilization of herbal medicine during pregnancy. The most common herbs used were peppermint, ginger, thyme, chamomile, sage, aniseed, fenugreek, and green tea. The most common reasons for use included the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders and cold and flu symptoms. The majority of women used these products during their first trimester, and did not reveal this information to their physician. Most women were advised by family and friends to use herbal medicines and believed they were more effective and had fewer side effects than modern medicine especially during pregnancy. In conclusion, the use of herbal medicine is prevalent among pregnant women in the Middle Eastern region and healthcare providers need to seek information pertaining to their use. PMID:26366255

  10. 中草药对DNA氧化损伤水平的微分脉冲伏安法测定%Determination of the Levels of DNA Damage Induced by Chinese Herbal Medicine Using Differential Pulse Voltammetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    利健文; 陈任宏; 崔丽京; 汪小根

    2012-01-01

    Effects of DNA damage induced by Chinese herbal medicine were studied by differential pulse voltammetric ( DPV) method. The voltammeitric behaviour of 8-hydorxy-2'-deoxyano-sine ( 8-OHdG) in the phosphate buffer (pH 5. 0) was investigated at a glassy carbon electrode by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and DPV. A well-defined oxidation peak of 8-OHdG at +0. 5 V was found, and its current intensity was proportional to concentration of 8-OHdG in the range of 1. 0×10 -6 - 7. 1 ×10-4 mol/L. The regression equation was Ip((μA) =0.004 3e(mol/L) +4 ×10-8 ( r =0. 999 8) and the detection limit (S/N = 3 ) was 3. 5× 10-7 mol/L. The method was applied in analysis of the levels of 8-OHdG in the calf thymus DNA(ctDNA) exposed to concentration of 40 g/L of glycynhiza, cherokee rose, eucommia ulmoides, pinellia, nux vomica extract for 2 h, respectively, and the blood of Kunming mice exposed to low and high concentration of nux vomica extract by mouth injection for 30 consecutive days. The results showed that glycyrrhiza, cherokee rose, eucommia ulmoides, pinellia ex-tract could not cause ctDNA oxidative damage, and nux vomica extract can cause DNA oxidative dam-age to the formation of 8-OHdG in the average level of (3. 2 0. 2)μmol/L. The average levels of 8-OHdG were (2. 0 0. 1) (μmol/L and (5. 3 0. 3) μmol/L in the blood after a long-term administration of low concentration and high concentration of nux vomica extracts of Kunming mice, respectively. The study indicated that nux vomica contained the potential genotoxicity.%采用微分脉冲伏安法(DPV)研究了中草药对脱氧核糖核酸分子(DNA)的损伤效应.在pH 5.0的磷酸盐缓冲液中,采用DPV法研究了8-羟基脱氧鸟苷(8-OHdG)在玻碳电极上的伏安行为,发现8-OHdG在+0.5 V电位处产生一灵敏的微分脉冲阳极氧化峰.该氧化峰的峰电流与8-OHdG的浓度在1.0×10-6~7.1 ×10-4 mol/L范围内呈良好的线性关系,r=0.9998,检出限(S/N=3)为3.5×10-7 mol/L.将该方法应

  11. 2种中药植物提取物抑菌活性初步研究%Preliminary Studies on Antifungal Activity of Two Chinese Herbal Medicinal Plant Extracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟慧; 钟勇; 卿朕; 周秋艳; 邓业成

    2015-01-01

    采用生长速率法测定苍术和乌药2种中药植物甲醇提取物对10种植物病原真菌的抑菌活性,为其在农药领域的开发利用提供依据。结果表明,苍术甲醇提取物对玉米大斑病菌、金橘砂皮病菌、甘蔗凤梨病菌、茶轮斑病菌、烟草黑胫病菌有很高的抑菌活性,质量浓度为10 g/L时,抑菌率在85.17%~100%,其对玉米大斑病菌、甘蔗凤梨病菌、茶轮斑病菌、水稻胡麻叶斑病菌、辣椒炭疽病菌、烟草黑胫病菌菌丝的有效中浓度( EC50值)为0.1316~0.9802 g/L。乌药甲醇提取物对10种植物病原真菌均有很高的抑菌活性,质量浓度为10 g/L时,抑菌率均在80%以上,其中对除贡柑链格孢菌外9种植物病原真菌菌丝的EC50值为0.1020~0.6329 g/L。采用液-液萃取法和固-液萃取法分别对苍术和乌药的抑菌活性成分进行初步分离,结合活性跟踪,发现苍术抑菌活性成分主要存在于乙酸乙酯萃取层和石油醚萃取层中,乌药抑菌活性成分主要存在于乙酸乙酯萃取层中。%A growth rate method was used for determining the antifungal activity of methanol extracts from two species of Chinese herbal medicine against ten species of plant pathogenic fungi.The results showed that the methanol extract from Atractylodes lancea ( Thunb.) DC.had a high inhibitory activity against Exserohilum turcicum ( Pass ) Leonard et Suggs, Diaporthe citri ( Fawcett ) Wolf, Ceratocystis paradoxa (Dode)Moreau,Pestalotiopsis theae(Sawada)Steyaert,Phytophthora parasitica var.Nicotianae(Breda de Hean)Tucker,with the inhibition rates of 85.17%—100%at 10 g/L.EC50 values of the methanol extract from Atractylodes lancea(Thunb.)DC.against Exserohilum turcicum(Pass)Leonard et Suggs,Ceratocystis paradoxa(Dode)Moreau,Pestalotiopsis theae(Sawada)Steyaert,Cochliobolus miyabeanus(Ito et Kubibay) Drechsler et Dastur,Colletotrichum capsici( syd.) Butl

  12. PROSPECTS OF USING INVASIVE LEGUMES IN HERBAL MEDICINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shelepova O. V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors propose to consider alien invasive species as new bioresources. These plants form powerful (usually single-species thickets in the secondary range and their size are larger than at the native cenosis. The territory occupied by invasive species, especially in disturbed habitats, is quite high, so their possible yield is very high. The main problem of using alien species in the pharmacological purposes is the lack of information about the dynamics of the chemicals accumulation. Available data on the biochemistry in its natural habitat is inadaptable for the same taxon in the secondary range because of significant microevolutionary changes. In this work we present the results of phytochemical screening four legume species, formed invasive populations in the Middle Russia - Galega orientalis Lam., Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl., Robinia pseudoacacia L. & Caragana arborescens Lam. Information about these species as traditional medicine plants is given. Original data on the concentration phenolic compounds and biophile silicon in leaves and inflorescences are presented. Information on the fractional composition of the flavonoid complex is done. Taking into consideration the high adaptability of invasive species, the chemical analysis of the samples from different ecotypes was made. It is shown that accumulation of bioactive agents and biophile silicon isn’t depended on the environmental conditions. Concentrations of polyphenolic compounds were at the average level in comparison with medicinal plants. Thus, the combination of flavonoid complex with biophile silicon provides pharmacological significance of studied species, and justifies the needing the further study of invasive plant species in order to create new herbal medicines

  13. Assessment of the embryotoxicity of four Chinese herbal extracts using the embryonic stem cell test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lin-Yan; Cao, Fen-Fang; Su, Zhi-Jian; Zhang, Qi-Hao; Dai, Xiao-Yong; Xiao, Xue; Huang, Ya-Dong; Zheng, Qing; Xu, Hua

    2015-08-01

    Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala, Radix Isatidis, Coptis chinensis and Flos Genkwa are common herbal remedies used by pregnant woman in China. In this study, their potential embryotoxicity was assessed using the embryonic stem cell test (EST) and a prediction model. The potential embryotoxicity of the herbs was based on three endpoints: the concentrations of the compounds that inhibited the proliferation of 50% of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) (IC50ES), the concentrations that inhibited 50% of 3T3 cells (IC503T3), and the concentrations that inhibited the differentiation of 50% of ESCs (ID50ES). The results revealed that Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala and Radix Isatidis are non-embryotoxic compounds. Coptis chinensis extracts appeared to demonstrated weak embryotoxicity, and Flos Genkwa exhibited strong embryotoxicity. These results may be useful in guiding the clinical use of these herbs and in expanding the application of the EST to the field of traditional Chinese medicine.

  14. Quality control of Chinese herbal tonic wine by high performance liquid chromatography fingerprint

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wei, X.J.; Zhang, H.; Wang, W.F.; Li, B.; Yang Zhu, Yang

    2007-01-01

    Herbal tonic wines are alcoholic drinks in which medicinal herbs are soaked and extracted. These drinks are considered having various health functions. However, the quality of herbal products is largely influenced by the origin and harvest season of the herbs. Due to its high commercial value, count

  15. Brain Food for Alzheimer-Free Ageing: Focus on Herbal Medicines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hügel, Helmut M

    2015-01-01

    Healthy brain aging and the problems of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are a global concern. Beyond 60 years of age, most, if not everyone, will experience a decline in cognitive skills, memory capacity and changes in brain structure. Longevity eventually leads to an accumulation of amyloid plaques and/or tau tangles, including some vascular dementia damage. Therefore, lifestyle choices are paramount to leading either a brain-derived or a brain-deprived life. The focus of this review is to critically examine the evidence, impact, influence and mechanisms of natural products as chemopreventive agents which induce therapeutic outcomes that modulate the aggregation process of beta-amyloid (Aβ), providing measureable cognitive benefits in the aging process. Plants can be considered as chemical factories that manufacture huge numbers of diverse bioactive substances, many of which have the potential to provide substantial neuroprotective benefits. Medicinal herbs and health food supplements have been widely used in Asia since over 2,000 years. The phytochemicals utilized in traditional Chinese medicine have demonstrated safety profiles for human consumption. Many herbs with anti-amyloidogenic activity, including those containing polyphenolic constituents such as green tea, turmeric, Salvia miltiorrhiza, and Panax ginseng, are presented. Also covered in this review are extracts from kitchen spices including cinnamon, ginger, rosemary, sage, salvia herbs, Chinese celery and many others some of which are commonly used in herbal combinations and represent highly promising therapeutic natural compounds against AD. A number of clinical trials conducted on herbs to counter dementia and AD are discussed.

  16. Trends in publication on evidence-based antioxidative herbal medicines in management of diabetic nephropathy

    OpenAIRE

    Tabatabaei-Malazy, Ozra; Atlasi, Rasha; Larijani, Bagher; Abdollahi, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Background Recently, popularity and use of herbal medicine in treatment of diabetes have been increased. Since, oxidative stress is known as the main underlying pathophysiology of diabetes and its complications, the purpose of this bibliometric study is to assess the global scientific production analysis and developing its trend in field of antioxidative hypoglycemic herbal medicines and diabetic nephropathy focusing on the scientific publication numbers, citations, geographical distribution ...

  17. Concurrent use of prescription drugs and herbal medicinal products in older adults: a systematic review protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Agbabiaka, Taofikat; Wider, Barbara; Watson, Leala Kay; Goodman, Claire

    2016-01-01

    Background There has been a global increase in the use of herbal medicinal products (HMPs). About a quarter of UK adults use HMPs, bought over the counter by self-prescription and often not disclosed to healthcare professionals. Potential herb-drug interaction is a clinical concern, with older people at greater risk because of co-morbidities and slower clearance of pharmacologically active compounds. While there is a good understanding of general herbal medicine use by older people, less is k...

  18. Herbal Medicines for Treating Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

    OpenAIRE

    Soobin Jang; Bo-Hyoung Jang; Youme Ko; Yui Sasaki; Jeong-Su Park; Eui-Hyoung Hwang; Yun-Kyung Song; Yong-Cheol Shin; Seong-Gyu Ko

    2016-01-01

    Objective. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines in the management of metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods. On December 9, 2015, we searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, AMED, CNKI, KoreaMed, KMBASE, OASIS, and J-STAGE with no restriction on language or published year. We selected randomized controlled trials that involved patients with metabolic syndrome being treated with herbal medicines as intervention. The main keyw...

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE: In-vitro Antioxidant Potential of a Herbal Preparation Containing Four Selected Medicinal Plants

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Background: The therapeutic effects of several plants used in traditional medicine, are usually attributed to their antioxidant properties. Aim and objective: To evaluate the in-vitro antioxidant potential of herbal preparation a combination of four selected medicinal plants (HP-4) using different experimental models.Material and Methods: Polyphenols, flavonoids and flavonols concentrations and antioxidant activity of herbal preparation (HP-4)as compared to butylated hydroxyl toluene (BHT) an...

  20. [Problems in quality standard research of new traditional Chinese medicine compound].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Gang; He, Yan-Ping

    2014-09-01

    The new traditional Chinese medicine compound is the main part of the research of new drug of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the new Chinese herbal compound reflects the characteristics of TCM theory. The new traditional Chinese medicine compound quality standard research is one of the main content of pharmaceutical research, and is also the focus of the new medicine pharmaceutical evaluation content. Although in recent years the research level of new traditional Chinese medicine compound has been greatly improved, but the author during the review found still some common problems existing in new traditional Chinese medicine compound quality standard research data, this paper analyzed the current quality standards for new traditional Chinese medicine compound and the problems existing in the research data, respectively from measurement of the content of index selection, determine the scope of the content, and the quality standard design concept, the paper expounds developers need to concern. The quality of new traditional Chinese medicine compound quality standard is not only itself can be solved, but quality standards is to ensure the key and important content of product quality, improving the quality of products cannot do without quality standards. With the development of science and technology, on the basis of quality by design under the guidance of the concept, new traditional Chinese medicine compound quality standard system will be more scientific, systematic and perfect.

  1. 中医药治疗老年痴呆症的疗效与安全性%Clinical efficacy and safety of oral Chinese herbal medicine for Alzheimer's disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾令烽; 陈云波; 王宁生; 王奇; 宓穗卿; 梁兆晖; 蔡浩斌; 孔令朔; 赵路光; 张越

    2015-01-01

    Objective To systematically evaluate efficacy and adverse events of Chinese herbal medicine( CHM) for the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease(AD).Methods Randomized controlled trial(RCTs) involving CHM or integrative medicine comparing with routine pharmacotherapy for AD were retrieved and collected from database of VIP,WANFANG,CNKI,CBM,PubMed,EMbase,and the Cochrane Li-brary.The journals related to the research were also manually searched from college library.The quality of literature was conducted by the risk of bias and quality evaluation based on the Cochrane Handbook 5.1,while the data analysis was handled by the software RevMan 5.2.6 of Cochrane Collaboration.The evidence quality grading evaluation for the system review was operated by the software of 'GRADE profiler'. Results Thirty-one studies involving 2 583 participants were contained in the meta-analysis.The main meta-analysis results indicated rela-tive benefits for the effective rate in six studies( odds ratio〔 OR〕3.35,95%CI 2.17,5.17) and the cure(control) rate in six studies(OR 1.86,95%CI 1.31,2.63) in favor of the CHM plus routine pharmacotherapy group.For CHM compared with routine pharmacotherapy,no significant difference was revealed in effective rate(OR 1.20,95%CI 0.95,1.51),cure rate(OR 1.17,95%CI 0.94,1.46) and the detailed sub-group of MMSE score at the timing-point of week-4〔weighted mean difference(WMD) 0.31,95%CI -0.38,0.99〕,week-6(WMD 0.18,95%CI-0.52,0.89),week-8(WMD 0.75,95%CI-0.32,1.83),week-12(WMD 0.06,95%CI-0.76,0.88).The GRADE quality level of this systematic review indicated"very low".Compared to the routine pharmacotherapy group(9.61%) ,the incidence of adverse e-vents of CHM(1.18%) was much lower.Conclusions As a relative safe intervention method for AD,CHM shows benefits with few adverse reactions and relative better effect of improving cognitive function incorporated with the routine pharmacotherapy;CHM reveales no statistical difference while in contrast with routine

  2. Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    2007134 Clinical study on "Jin′s three-needling" in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. LUO Wenzheng(罗文政), et al. Coll Acupunct & Massage, Guangzhou TCM Univ, Guangzhou 510405. Chin J Integr Trad & West Med 2007;27(3):201-203. Objective To study the clinical effect of "Jin′s three-needling" in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Methods Fifty-eight patients with generalized anxiety were randomly assigned to two groups equally. the medication group treated with anti-anxiety drugs and the acupuncture group with "Jin′s three-needling". The treatment course was 6 weeks. The clinical effects were evaluated with Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), clinical global impression (CGI), and treatment emergent symptom scale (TESS) before treatment and at the end of 2nd, 4th, 6th week of the treatment course. The concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in platelet, and plasma levels of corticosterone (CS) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were measured with high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED) method before and after treatment. Results The clinical effects in the two groups were equivalent, while the adverse reaction found in the acupuncture group was less than that in the medication group (P<0.05). The platelet concentration of 5-HT and plasma ACTH level decreased significantly in both groups after treatment with insignificant difference between the group (P<0.05). The plasma CS level had no obvious change in the two groups after treatment as compared with that before treatment.Conclusion "Jin′s three-needling" shows similar curative effect on generalized anxiety to routine Western medicine but with less adverse reaction, which may be realized through regulating the platelet 5-HT concentration and plasma ACTH level.

  3. Evidence of effectiveness of herbal medicinal products in the treatment of arthritis. Part I: Osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Melainie; Gagnier, Joel J; Little, Christine V; Parsons, Tessa J; Blümle, Anette; Chrubasik, Sigrun

    2009-11-01

    Herbal medicinal products (HMPs) are used in a variety of oral and topical forms for the treatment of osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to update a previous systematic review published in 2000. We searched electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CISCOM, AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane registers) to June 2007, unrestricted by date or language, and included randomized controlled trials that compared HMPs with inert (placebo) or active controls in patients with osteoarthritis. Five reviewers contributed to data extraction. Disagreements were discussed and resolved by consensus with reference to Cochrane guidelines and advice from the Cochrane Collaboration.Thirty-five studies (30 studies identified for this review update, and 5 studies included in the original review) evaluating the effectiveness of 22 HMPs were included. However, due to differing HMPs, interventions, comparators, and outcome measures, meta-analysis was restricted to data from studies of three HMPs: topical capsaicin, avocado-soybean unsaponifiables, and the Chinese herbal mixture SKI306X showed benefit in the alleviation of osteoarthritic pain.Several studies investigating products from devil's claw, and a powder from rose hip and seed, reported favorable effects on osteoarthritic pain, whereas two studies of a willow bark extract returned disparate results. Three studies of Phytodolor N(R) were of limited use because doses and measures were inconsistent among trials. The remaining single studies for each HMP provided moderate evidence of effectiveness. No serious side effects were reported with any herbal intervention.Despite some evidence, the effectiveness of none of the HMPs is proven beyond doubt. The obvious potential benefits of HMPs in the treatment of osteoarthritis are reduced reliance on synthetic medications with the associated risks of harmful adverse events, but further clinical trials are necessary before HMPs can be adopted in osteoarthritis treatment guidelines.

  4. Effect of a Chinese herb medicine formulation, as an alternative for antibiotics, on performance of broilers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guo, F.C.; Kwakkel, R.P.; Soede, J.; Williams, B.A.; Verstegen, M.W.A.

    2004-01-01

    1. A total of 720 female broiler chicks was used to test the effects of 4 dietary concentrations of a Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) formulation (0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 g/kg), as an alternative for virginiamycin (VRG), on growth performance in broilers. 2. A total of 72 birds from non-supplemented, VRG a

  5. Pharmacogenomics Implications of Using Herbal Medicinal Plants on African Populations in Health Transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas E. Thomford

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The most accessible points of call for most African populations with respect to primary health care are traditional health systems that include spiritual, religious, and herbal medicine. This review focusses only on the use of herbal medicines. Most African people accept herbal medicines as generally safe with no serious adverse effects. However, the overlap between conventional medicine and herbal medicine is a reality among countries in health systems transition. Patients often simultaneously seek treatment from both conventional and traditional health systems for the same condition. Commonly encountered conditions/diseases include malaria, HIV/AIDS, hypertension, tuberculosis, and bleeding disorders. It is therefore imperative to understand the modes of interaction between different drugs from conventional and traditional health care systems when used in treatment combinations. Both conventional and traditional drug entities are metabolized by the same enzyme systems in the human body, resulting in both pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics interactions, whose properties remain unknown/unquantified. Thus, it is important that profiles of interaction between different herbal and conventional medicines be evaluated. This review evaluates herbal and conventional drugs in a few African countries and their potential interaction at the pharmacogenomics level.

  6. Risks and Benefits of Commonly used Herbal Medicines in México

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Fragoso, Lourdes; Reyes-Esparza, Jorge; Burchiel, Scott; Herrera-Ruiz, Dea; Torres, Eliseo

    2008-01-01

    In Mexico, local empirical knowledge about medicinal properties of plants is the basis for their use as home remedies. It is generally accepted by many people in Mexico and elsewhere in the world that beneficial medicinal effects can be obtained by ingesting plant products. In this review, we focus on the potential pharmacologic bases for herbal plant efficacy, but we also raise concerns about the safety of these agents, which have not been fully assessed. Although numerous randomized clinical trials of herbal medicines have been published and systematic reviews and meta-analyses of these studies are available, generalizations about the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines are clearly not possible. Recent publications have also highlighted the unintended consequences of herbal product use, including morbidity and mortality. It has been found that many phytochemicals have pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic interactions with drugs. The present review is limited to some herbal medicine that are native or cultivated in Mexico and that have significant use. We discuss the cultural uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological and toxicological properties of the following following plant species: Nopal (Opuntia ficus), Peppermint (Mentha piperita), Chaparral (Larrea divaricata), Dandlion (Taraxacum officinale), Mullein (Verbascum densiflorum), Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Nettle or Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica), Passionflower (Passiflora incarmata), Linden Flower (Tilia europea), and Aloa (Aloa vera). We conclude that our knowledge of the therapeutic benefits and risks of some herbal medicines used in Mexico is still limited and efforts to elucidate them should be intensified. PMID:18037151

  7. Chinese Herbal Products for Female Infertility in Taiwan: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Yu-Chiang; Kao, Chao-Wei; Lin, Che-Chen; Liao, Yen-Nung; Wu, Bei-Yu; Hung, I-Ling; Hu, Wen-Long

    2016-03-01

    Female infertility and low birth rate are significant public health issues with profound social, psychological, and economic consequences. Some infertile women resort to conventional, complementary, or alternative therapies to conceive. The aim of this study was to identify the Chinese herbal products (CHPs) most commonly used for female infertility in Taiwan. The usage of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the frequency of CHP prescriptions to infertile women were determined based on a nationwide 1-million randomly sampled cohort of National Health Insurance Research Database beneficiaries. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression analysis were employed to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for TCM usage and potential risk factors. In total, 8766 women with newly diagnosed infertility were included in this study. Of those, 8430 (96.17%) had sought TCM treatment in addition to visiting the gynecologist. We noted that female infertility patients with risk factors (e.g., endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or irregular menstrual cycle) were more likely to use TCM than those without TCM medication (aOR = 1.83, 1.87, and 1.79, respectively). The most commonly used formula and single CHP were Dang-Gui-Sha-Yao-San (17.25%) and Semen Cuscutae (27.40%), respectively. CHP formula combinations (e.g., Dang-Gui-Sha-Yao-San plus Wen-Jing-Tang 3.10%) or single Chinese herbal combinations (e.g., Semen Cuscutae plus Leonurus japonicus 6.31%) were also commonly used to treat female infertility. Further well-conducted, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies will be needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these CHP combinations for female infertility.

  8. The Relfecting and Discussing of Traditional Chinese Medicinal Materials’s Online Sales%中药材网络销售的思考与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛雅兰; 姜殷伟; 佘侃侃

    2015-01-01

    At present,The online sales of western medicine and proprietary Chinese medicine become more and more ,but the sales of Chinese herbal medicine is very few. In this paper, the present situation of medicine sales based on the pattern of network were analyzed, and points out that Chinese herbal medicine on the issue of online sales, analysis and projections for the prospect of the online sales of Chinese herbal medicine.%目前网上销售西药和中成药比较多,而销售中草药却很少。文章就目前基于网络模式的药品销售现状进行分析,指出中草药在网上销售的问题,对网上销售中草药的前景进行分析和预测。

  9. Adverse effects of herbal medicines: an overview of systematic reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posadzki, Paul; Watson, Leala K; Ernst, Edzard

    2013-02-01

    This overview of systematic reviews (SRs) aims to evaluate critically the evidence regarding the adverse effects of herbal medicines (HMs). Five electronic databases were searched to identify all relevant SRs, with 50 SRs of 50 different HMs meeting our inclusion criteria. Most had only minor weaknesses in methods. Serious adverse effects were noted only for four HMs: Herbae pulvis standardisatus, Larrea tridentate, Piper methysticum and Cassia senna. The most severe adverse effects were liver or kidney damage, colon perforation, carcinoma, coma and death. Moderately severe adverse effects were noted for 15 HMs: Pelargonium sidoides, Perna canaliculus, Aloe vera, Mentha piperita, Medicago sativa, Cimicifuga racemosa, Caulophyllum thalictroides, Serenoa repens, Taraxacum officinale, Camellia sinensis, Commifora mukul, Hoodia gordonii, Viscum album, Trifolium pratense and Stevia rebaudiana. Minor adverse effects were noted for 31 HMs: Thymus vulgaris, Lavandula angustifolia Miller, Boswellia serrata, Calendula officinalis, Harpagophytum procumbens, Panax ginseng, Vitex agnus-castus, Crataegus spp., Cinnamomum spp., Petasites hybridus, Agave americana, Hypericum perforatum, Echinacea spp., Silybum marianum, Capsicum spp., Genus phyllanthus, Ginkgo biloba, Valeriana officinalis, Hippocastanaceae, Melissa officinalis, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Cnicus benedictus, Salvia hispanica, Vaccinium myrtillus, Mentha spicata, Rosmarinus officinalis, Crocus sativus, Gymnema sylvestre, Morinda citrifolia and Curcuma longa. Most of the HMs evaluated in SRs were associated with only moderately severe or minor adverse effects.

  10. Herbal Medicines In The Treatment of Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahin Akhondzadeh

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This review will indicate the quality of the evidence supporting the clinical effects of a number of commonly used types of herbal medicines for psychiatric and neurological disorders. Method: We conducted a review of literature to understand the biochemical and evidential bases for the use of herbs in psychiatric and neurological disorders as follow: 1 Alzheimer’s disease, 2 Depression, 3 Anxiety, 4 Insomnia, 5 Substance use disorders, 6 Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, 7 Migraine. Results: Evidences support use of Ginkgo biloba, Huperzine A, Galantamine, Melissa officinalis,and Salvia officinalis for Alzheimer’s disease; St. John’s wort, Lavender, and Saffron for depression; Passionflower, and Kava, for anxiety disorders; Valerian, and English Lavender for sleep disorders; Hypericum for substance related disorders; Ginkgo biloba, and Passionflower for ADHD; and feverfew, and Butterbur root for migraine. The highest level of confidence derives from well-designed, randomized, double blind controlled studies. Conclusion: Herbs may have beneficial effects in variety of psychiatric and neurological disorder; however we must consider their potential side effects and drug-drug interactions.

  11. Prescription Pattern of Chinese Herbal Products for Diabetes Mellitus in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung-Yu Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, when given as a therapy for symptom relief, has gained widespread popularity among diabetic patients. The aim of this study is to analyze the utilization of TCM among type 2 diabetic patients in Taiwan. Methods. The use of TCM for type 2 diabetic patients were evaluated using a randomly sampled cohort of 1,000,000 beneficiaries recruited from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Results. Overall, 77.9% (n=31,289 of type 2 diabetic patients utilized TCM and 13.9% (n=4,351 of them used TCM for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Among the top ten most frequently prescribed herbal formulae, four remedies, Zhi-Bo-Di-Huang-Wan, Qi-Ju-Di-Huang-Wan, Ji-Sheng-Shen-Qi-Wan and Ba-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan are derivative formulae of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan. In other words, Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan and its derivatives were found to be the most common herbal formulae prescribed by TCM doctors for the treatment of diabetes in Taiwan. Conclusion. Although some evidence does support the use TCM to treat diabetes, the results from the current study may have been confounded by placebo effect, which emphasize the need for well conducted, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in order to further evaluate the efficacy of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan on patients with type 2 diabetes.

  12. [Exploration of microcosmic Chinese medicine used by western medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Zhi-jing

    2015-02-01

    "Microcosmic syndrome", "treatment based on syndrome differentiation", and "combination of disease identification and syndrome differentiation" generally refer to a mode: following the syndrome if with no disease identified, following the disease if with no syndrome type differentiated. For example, Chinese medical treatment of hypertension, high blood lipids, increased transaminase, and so on candirectly use Chinese recipes, but no longer with syndrome differentiation. Clinical application of Chinese patent medicine can also obtain favorable clinical. Western doctors need not follow syndrome differentiation. The invention of artemisinin was screened from more than 40 000 kinds of compounds and herbs, but with no reference of any traditional Chinese medical theory. A lot of folk remedy and empirical recipes have obtained effective efficacy but unnecessarily with profound Chinese medical theories. Various evidences showed that disease can also be cured without syndrome differentiation. I held that it might be associated with the same mechanism of Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Any disease can be cured or alleviated by Chinese medicine is a result from its modern pharmacological effect, which is achieved by improving etiologies, and pathogeneses. I was inspired by whether we can directly use traditional Chinese medicine with modern pharmacological effects to treat symptomatic disease. So I raised an idea of microcosmic Chinese medicine used by Western medicine, i.e., we find and use Chinese herbs with relatively effective modern pharmacological effect to treat diseases targeting at patients' clinical symptoms and signs, as well as various positive laboratory results (collectively called as microscopic dialectical indicators). More Western doctors would use it to treat disease due to omission of complicated and mysterious syndrome differentiation. This will promote extensive application and expansion of Chi- nese medicine and pharmacy, enlarge the team of

  13. [Research on distribution of patents' holders for Chinese herbal compounds in treating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular based on cluster analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    YANG, Xu-Jie; XIAO, Shi-Ying

    2015-09-01

    To discuss the distribution of patents' holders for Chinese herbal compounds in treating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, the patents' holders for Chinese herbal compounds in treating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular were cluster analyzed by means of simple statistics and cluster analysis. Clustering variables were composed of patent applications, patent maintained number, related papers' quantity, etc. Chinese herbal compound patents' holders were divided into four categories according to their different scientific research and patent strength. It is the magic weapon for Chinese herbal compound patents' holders that have scientific research patents' transforming and make coordination of patent protection and scientific innovation.

  14. Chinese integrative medicine:inclusion of a Chinese medicine programme in a conventional medical institute

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-Yong Chen; Yibin Feng; Lixing Lao

    2014-01-01

    To meet community demands with optimal Chinese and conventional medical treatment, the University of Hong Kong is promoting integrative medicine by developing Chinese medicine programmes that train students of both Western and Chinese medicine. The programmes emphasize multi-disciplinary training and interaction between the two therapeutic approaches, enabling students to establish reliable, consistent, and respectful mutual cooperation in their future careers.

  15. Effects of medicated serum prepared with Chinese herbal medicine Changweiqing on pharmacokinetics of oxaliplatin in colon cancer cells%肠胃清对结肠癌细胞草酸铂药代动力学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇; 孙晓文; 许建华; 陆海; 范忠泽; 孙珏; 张晓晓

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Changweiqing-medicated serum, which was prepared with a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on the reversal of oxaliplatin (L-OHP) resistance and the relationship between the reversal and cellular accumulation of platinum and proteins associated with copper transporter in HCT116/L-OHP cells.METHODS: For clarifying the reversal effect of Changweiqing, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium was applied to determine the L-OHP resistance of HCT116/L-OHP cell line. The relationship between the cellular accumulation of platinum and the L-OHP resistance in HCT116/L-OHP cells, and the effects of drug-medicated serum on intracellular contents of platinum were detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Western blot method was used to determine the expressions of human copper transporter 1 (hCTRl), ATPase Cu2+ transporting alpha polypeptide (ATP7A), copper-transporting P-type adenosine triphosphatase (ATP7B), glutathione S-transferase-7t (GST-7r) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2).RESULTS: The inhibitory concentration 50% values of different pairs of L-OHP-sensitive and -resistant cells were 7.2 and 89. 00. The resistance index of HCT116/L-OHP cells was 12. 36. The reverse index of drug serum on HCT116/L-OHP cells was 2. 74. The platinum content in HCT116/L-OHP cells was decreased compared with HCT116 cells in condition of 7.2 μg/mL L-OHP. After treating by 7.5% Changweiqing-medicated serum, the intracellular platinum contents in L-OHP-sensitive and -resistant cells were increased. It was dose-dependent that drug-medicated serum promoted the uptake of L-OHP by HCT116 or HCT116/L-OHP cells and inhibited the discharge. The 7. 5% Changweiqing-medicated serum increased the expression of hCTRl and decreased the expressions of ATP7A and ATP7B in HCT116/L-OHP cells, but had no effects on GST-Π and MRP2 protein expressions.CONCLUSION: Changweiqing can reverse the L-OHP resistance of HCT116/L-OHP by increasing the

  16. The most common herbal medicines affecting Sarcomastigophora branches: a review study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahmani, Mahmoud; Saki, Kourosh; Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud; Karamati, Seyed Ahmad; Eftekhari, Zohre; Jelodari, Mahyar

    2014-09-01

    Parasitic diseases cause annual mortality of more than 200 thousand people. Currently many drugs are used to treat parasitic diseases; however, they are mostly expensive, toxic, with side effects and drug resistance. Medicinal plants have been shown to represent natural source of cheap drugs with low toxicity. In this review article, the most common and most effective herbal medicines on pathogenic protozoan Sarcomastigophora branches such as Trypanosoma, Leishmania, Amoeba, Trichomonas and Giardia were reviewed. The recently published papers about different drugs as well as herbal medicines as alternative for synthetic drugs were searched using scientific sites such as Medline, PubMed and Google Scholar. The used terms included: Medicinal plants, herbal medicine, protozoa, Trypanosoma, Sarcomastigophora branches, Leishmania, Amoeba, Trichomonas or Giardia.

  17. Chinese traditional medicine for induction of ovulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖碧莲

    2003-01-01

    This is a review paper of some effective recipes of Chinese traditional medicine usedin ovulation induction and treatment of gynecological diseases. Some clinical results bygynecologists using Chinese traditional medicine in combination with western medicineand results from research on traditional medicine with modern technology are presented.A list of frequently used traditional medicine for ovulation induction are selected from the famous Compendium of Materica Medica(本草纲目)by Li Shi-zhen(李时珍).

  18. Traditional Chinese medicine: potential for clinical treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moudgil, Kamal D; Berman, Brian M

    2014-07-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic debilitating autoimmune disease affecting people worldwide. Increasing numbers of RA patients in the west are resorting to various complementary and alternative medicine modalities for relief of symptoms and well-being. Herbal produ