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Sample records for chimaltitan municipality jalisco

  1. Natural gamma radioactivity and of {sup 137} Cs in soil of the Chimaltitan municipality, Jalisco, Mexico; Radiactividad gamma natural y del {sup 137} Cs en suelo del Municipio de Chimaltitan, Jalisco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garay, A.; Mireles, F.; Quirino, L.L.; Davila, J.I.; Rios, C.; Lugo, J.F.; Soriano, J.M.; Angoli, A. [UAEN-Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Cipres 10, Frac. La Penuela, 98000 Zacatecas (Mexico)]. e-mail: albinogaray@hotmail.com.mx

    2003-07-01

    With the purpose of determining the activity due to the natural presence of the {sup 226} Ra, {sup 232} Th, {sup 40} K and {sup 137} Cs in soil samples, of the municipality of Chimaltitan Jalisco. A set of these samples was measured in a gamma ray spectrometric system based on a High-purity Germanium detector. It is well-known that approximately 87% of the dose of the received radiation by the population is due to sources of natural radiation and 13% of the anthropogenic radiation. The gamma radiation comes mainly from the {sup 40} K and of those radionuclides of the series of radioactive decay of {sup 238} U and {sup 232} Th that its find dispersed thoroughly in the terrestrial crust. In this work its were analyzed twenty-two soil samples. It is enlarged the activity characterization for the radioisotopes of {sup 226} Ra {sup 232} Th, {sup 40} K and {sup 137} Cs. (Author)

  2. Asociacionismo municipal y medio ambiente. La junta intermunicipal del río Ayuquila, Jalisco

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    Alberto Arellano Ríos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe a la Junta Intermunicipal del Río Ayuquila (JIRA. Dicha experiencia ha sido considerada como una práctica de innovación exitosa y es analizada desde el marco del asociacionismo y la cooperación intermunicipal. Con este enfoque se esboza el desarrollo institucional del jira en particular, pero desde una perspectiva más amplia da cuenta de algunos incentivos o limitaciones que enfrenta la asociación municipal, reconocida en el artículo 115 de la Constitución federal.

  3. Asimetría de piezas de canales de bovino faenadas en el rastro municipal de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

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    R. J. M. Zorrilla

    2010-01-01

    enteros, procesados en el rastro municipal de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Como criterio de evaluación se adoptó el grado de desviación de un valor de uno del coeficiente de correlación de Pearson del producto-momento. Los resultados mostraron la posible existencia de asimetrías de índole anatómico entre el lado derecho y el izquierdo de la cantidad de grasa de la riñonada y grasa pélvica, así como el área del ojo de la costilla, las cuales mostraron una correlación de 0.7102, 0.7704, 0.7649, respectivamente. Estos coeficientes de correlación son inferiores a los obtenidos para la comparación de los pesos de los segmentos derecho e izquierdo delanteros y traseros, de 0.9705 y 0.9587, respectivamente; lo que permite suponer que en las condiciones en que se llevó a cabo el presente trabajo, el proceso mecánico de cuarteo de las canales no alteró la simetría entre las piezas. Se señalan las posibles implicaciones que estos factores pueden tener en la construcción de un modelo matemático de predicción de cortabilidad de una canal de bovino.

  4. Presence of the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in northern Jalisco, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Iván Trinidad Ahumada-Carrillo; José Carlos Arenas-Monroy; Mario Alberto Íñiguez

    2013-01-01

    High-elevation records of ocelot in the municipality of Bolaños, Jalisco are presented. These records were obtained via camera trapping, and bridge a distributional gap between populations in Nayarit and Aguascalientes states.

  5. Seismicity of the Jalisco Block

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Rutz, M.; Camarena-Garcia, M.; Trejo-Gomez, E.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.

    2002-12-01

    In April 2002 began to transmit the stations of the first phase of Jalisco Telemetric Network located at the northwest of Jalisco Block and at the area of Volcan de Fuego (Colima Volcano), in June were deployed four additional MarsLite portable stations in the Bahia de Banderas area, and by the end of August one more portable station at Ceboruco Volcano. The data of these stations jointly with the data from RESCO (Colima Telemetric Network) give us the minimum seismic stations coverage to initiate in a systematic and permanent way the study of the seismicity in this very complex tectonic region. A preliminary analysis of seismicity based on the events registered by the networks using a shutter algorithm, confirms several important features proposed by microseismicity studies carried out between 1996 and 1998. A high level of seismicity inside and below of Rivera plate is observed, this fact suggest a very complex stress pattern acting on this plate. Shallow seismicity at south and east of Bahia de Banderas also suggest a complex stress pattern in this region of the Jalisco Block, events at more than 30 km depth are located under the mouth of the bay and in face of it, a feature denominated Banderas Boundary mark the change of the seismic regime at north of this latitude (20.75°N), however some shallow events were located at the region of Nayarit.

  6. Seismicity at Jalisco-Nayarit Border, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutz, M.; Nunez-Cornu, F.; Camarena, M.; Trejo, E.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Suarez-Plasencia, C.

    2003-12-01

    Since 2002 a regional seismic network from Jalisco Civil Defense and University of Guadalalajara is monitoring seismicity at the northwest border of Jalisco block. With the installation of a seismic station on Ceboruco Volcano, by Nayarit Civil Defense, coverage of the network extends to east. Ceboruco Volcano is located on the Tepic-Zacoalco graben, the east border of Jalisco block, this allow us to begin to monitoring this area. The zone of Bahia de Banderas, between the north coast of Jalisco and south coast of Nayarit, probably on a tectonic triple point, is a region of high seismic potential. Activ tectonic structures and clusters in the zone of El Tuito and the Dam Cajon de Pe¤as have been identified. The seismicity in the north area of the bay is low, meanwhile in the south, where the bay is deeper, the seismicity level is higher with an East-West tendency. At the east, the Amatlan de Ca¤as-Ameca zone presents continue activity, here have been possible to locate events with local magnitude between 2 and 4. Tectonovolcanic events registred at Ceboruco station presents waveform with scattering. The seismic distribution of the coast of Jalisco shows parallel alignments to the trench throughout al the coast. Other perpendicular alignments to the coastline show active morphologic structures within the Jalisco block related to the subduction of the Rivera plate under the Jalisco block.

  7. Biological and ecological aspects of Xantusia sanchezi, an endangered lizard in an oak forest in the state of Jalisco, Mexico

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    Daniel Cruz-Sáenz; David Lazcano

    2012-01-01

    Xantusia sanchezi is an endangered species that is endemic to Mexico and is known only from the states of Jalisco and Zacatecas.We studied a population from a locality known as Huaxtla, in the municipality of Zapopan in the state of Jalisco. Sampling was conducted over a period of 7 months in an area of 1.5 hectares of grassland and oak forest with boulders. Collected data included: body measurements (total length, snout-vent length, tail length, head length, head width, head height, femur le...

  8. Variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en Jalisco, México Regional variations in homicide mortality in Jalisco, Mexico

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    María Guadalupe Vega-López

    2003-04-01

    homicide mortality pattern, with the highest rates in peripheral regions, considered among the poorest areas in the State; municipalities with the lowest socioeconomic conditions also presenting a statistically significant excess homicide mortality; and an evident over-mortality from homicide among males. The results point to tasks and challenges for public health and law enforcement institutions, including the need to implement different inter-institutional policies that take into consideration the characteristics of homicide and violent crime in Jalisco.

  9. The Jalisco Seismic Telemetric Network (RESJAL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Gonzalez-Ledezma, M.; Garcia-Puga, J.

    2001-12-01

    The region of Jalisco is one of the most active seismic regions in Mexico, the main tectonic units in this region are the Jalisco Block and the Rivera Plate. The greatest earthquake (M=8.2) occurred in Mexico in the Twenty-Century (1932) took place in the coast of Jalisco, this was followed by another one (Ms =7.8) fifteen days later. In 1995 an earthquake magnitude 8.0 took place in the coast of Jalisco, but its rupture area was only the southern half of the rupture area proposed for the 1932 earthquakes, these facts suggest the existence of an important seismic Gap in the north coast of Jalisco which includes the area of Bahía de Banderas. However, not only subduction earthquakes occurred in this region there are also large inland earthquakes, such as the December 27, 1568 and February 11, 1872 events. There are also three active volcanoes Sanganguey, Ceboruco and the most active volcano in Mexico, the Colima volcano. In spite of these facts and the risk associated to these processes, there were only one seismological permanent station in Chamela on the coast of Jalisco and an analog telemetric network (RESCO) located on the Colima Volcano and the south part of the Colima Rift Zone (CRZ). By these reasons, the Unidad Estatal de Protección Civil de Jalisco (Jalisco Civil Defense) began a project to install a Digital Telemetric Network in the region in several phases, this project is carrying out jointly with SisVOc UdeG.; due to the size of the area and the topography of the region it is very difficult to get direct telemetric links, by these reasons the network is designed in cells with nodes, where the nodes are the different Campus of the University of Guadalajara located in the region, all Campus are linked by a computer network. First phase started in August 2001, it includes the installation of six stations, each station with a Kinemetrics Everest 24 bit datalogger, GPS time, and a Lennartz LE3Dlite 1Hz sensor, using KNI NMS to control and data acquisition

  10. Biological and ecological aspects of Xantusia sanchezi, an endangered lizard in an oak forest in the state of Jalisco, Mexico Aspectos biológicos y ecológicos de Xantusia sanchezi, una lagartija en peligro en un bosque de encino en el estado de Jalisco, México

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    Daniel Cruz-Sáenz; David Lazcano

    2012-01-01

    Xantusia sanchezi is an endangered species that is endemic to Mexico and is known only from the states of Jalisco and Zacatecas. We studied a population from a locality known as Huaxtla, in the municipality of Zapopan in the state of Jalisco. Sampling was conducted over a period of 7 months in an area of 1.5 hectares of grassland and oak forest with boulders. Collected data included: body measurements (total length, snout-vent length, tail length, head length, head width, head height, femur l...

  11. Seismic Hazard at Jalisco Block, Mexico; Peligro Sismico en el Bloque de Jalisco, Mexico

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    Nunez Cornu, F. J.

    2011-07-01

    Historically large and very destructive earthquakes as well as tsunamis occurred along the Jalisco Block at the west part of Mexico. Using available historic data and recent seismic studies, we revise and reevaluate the localization of these earthquakes. We conclude that exists high seismic hazard, therefore it is necessary a systematic and continuous study of the seismicity along the area. The north shore of Jalisco present the highest seismic hazard, nevertheless we cannot ignore medium earthquakes (6.9

  12. Conductas delictivas en Tepatitlán de Morelos, Jalisco/Offences in Tepatitlan Morelos, Jalisco

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    Martha Fabiola García Álvarez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The multifactoriality of the crime is a constant in the various analyses that are made about the crime, a case study of these theoretical approaches is the analysis of crime in Tepatitlan de Jalisco. A description about how crimes such as robbery and murder, have behaved likewise a brief description of several of the causes that motivated the crime.

  13. Fishprint of Coastal Fisheries in Jalisco, Mexico

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    Myrna Leticia Bravo-Olivas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Coastal fisheries contribute to global food security, since fish are an important source of protein for many coastal communities in the world. However, they are constrained by problems, such as weak management of fisheries and overfishing. Local communities perceive that they are fishing less, as in other fisheries in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fisheries sustainability in the Jalisco coast through the fishing footprint, or fishprint (FP, based on the primary productivity required (PPR and the appropriated surface by the activity (biocapacity. The total catch was 20,448.2 metric tons from 2002–2012, and the average footprint was calculated to be 65,458 gha/year, a figure that quadrupled in a period of 10 years; the biocapacity decreased, and the average trophic level of catches was 3.1, which implies that it has remained at average levels, resulting in a positive balance between biocapacity and ecological footprint. Therefore, under this approach, the fishing activity is sustainable along the coast of Jalisco.

  14. Elements for an historical review of the 3 June, 1932 tsunami on the coast of Jalisco, Mexico

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    Valdivia, L.; Castillo-Aja, M. R.; Estrada-Trejo, M.

    2011-12-01

    On the morning of June 22, 1932 a series of waves between 8 and 10 meters penetrated a mile inland, destroying the town of Cuyutlán in the state of Colima (Mexico), until today it is regarded as one of the strongest tsunamis that have struck the coast of western Mexico in the last 150 years. However, two weeks earlier, on June 3, occurred the largest magnitude earthquake recorded in Mexico (8.2 ms) that cause damages in much of Jalisco, Colima and Nayarit states. The earthquake also produced a tsunami, so far underestimated, and described only as "a wave" that reached the top of the dune in Barra de Navidad (Cumming, 1932), was "observed in the coasts" of Cuyutlán and Manzanillo (Colima), and that caused some damage to Barra de Navidad (Jalisco) and San Blas (Nayarit) (Farreras et al., 1993). The seashore between these two points covers a coastline of over 300 km in length that did not receive any mention . This area, sparsely populated and inaccessible, was hit by a tsunami and its calls for help took so long to be heard that the damage was confused later with those of the Cuyutlan tsunami in June 22. Analysis of notes in the newspapers of the time allow to identify the existence of reports in local media describing that the coast of Jalisco were strongly affected by a tsunami on June 3, 1932. From these data it was possible to trace the exchange of telegrams between municipal authorities and the state government of the time. The information available nowadays let us to document the tsunami penetration up to 8 km, 300 families displaced and 4 people dead, besides the presence of sulfur water. This new evidence helps to historically rethink the tsunami magnitude, and in this way, be able to start a reconsideration of its intensity, geographical distribution and damages.

  15. MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED BUSINESSES IN JALISCO: THEIR EVOLUTION, AND STRATEGIC CHALLENGES

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    Carlos Fong Reynoso; Moisés Alejandro Alarcón Osuna; Luis Ernesto Ocampo Figueroa

    2014-01-01

    The business structure in Jalisco, Mexico is primarily composed of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Thus, it is fundamentally necessary to understand the dynamics, evolution and above all, the strategic challenges of this sector in order to understand the state’s economic performance and the possibilities for future development in Jalisco. As a result, this study analyzes the evolution of the SMEs (known as PyME, in Spanish) in Mexico and Jalisco by using data from the Econom...

  16. Development of the Health Atlas of Jalisco: A New Web-Based Service for the Ministry of Health and the Community in Mexico

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    Robles, Juan; Fonseca León, Joel

    2016-01-01

    Background Maps have been widely used to provide a visual representation of information of a geographic area. Health atlases are collections of maps related to conditions, infrastructure or services provided. Various countries have put resources towards producing health atlases that support health decision makers to enhance their services to the communities. Latin America, as well as Spain, have produced several atlases of importance such as the interactive mortality atlas of Andalucía, which is very similar to the one that is presented in this paper. In Mexico, the National Institute of Public Health produced the only health atlas found that is of relevance. It was published online in 2003 and is currently still active. Objective The objective of this work is to describe the methods used to develop the Health Atlas of Jalisco (HAJ), and show its characteristics and how it interactively works with the user as a Web-based service. Methods This work has an ecological design in which the analysis units are the 125 municipalities (counties) of the state of Jalisco, Mexico. We created and published online a geographic health atlas displaying a system based on input from official health database of the Health Ministry of Jalisco (HMJ), and some databases from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (NISGI). The atlas displays 256 different variables as health-direct or health-related indicators. Instant Atlas software was used to generate the online application. The atlas was developed using these procedures: (1) datasheet processing and base maps generation, (2) software arrangements, and (3) website creation. Results The HAJ is a Web-based service that allows users to interact with health and general data, regions, and categories according to their information needs and generates thematic maps (eg, the total population of the state or of a single municipality grouped by age or sex). The atlas is capable of displaying more than 32,000 different maps by

  17. Geranium mooreanum (Geraniaceae), una nueva especie de Jalisco

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    Aedo, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    Se describe como nueva y se ilustra Geranium mooreanum, del subgén. Geranium, endémica de la Sierra de Manantlán, en el sur de Jalisco (México). Se discuten sus afinidades y las diferencias morfológicas respecto a especies próximas. Se añade una clave de identificación de los taxones de Geranium que se encuentran en la zona.

  18. [Short-term impact of changes in drinking-and-driving legislation in Guadalajara and Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico].

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    Gómez-García, Lourdes; Pérez-Núñez, Ricardo; Hidalgo-Solórzano, Elisa

    2014-06-01

    The municipalities of Guadalajara and Zapopan, Jalisco State, Mexico, have participated in efforts to reduce road traffic injuries. They have participated actively in the Mexican Road Safety Initiative since 2008. As a result, in September 2010 they passed laws to reduce the legal alcohol levels for driving motor vehicles. To assess the short-term impact of these measures on rates and severity of alcohol-related collisions and injuries, we conducted a secondary analysis of official databases on mortality, morbidity, and collisions. We performed a time-series analysis to assess the trend. Significant changes were observed in the monthly proportion of alcohol-related deaths and collision rates following these interventions. The article concludes with recommendations to improve the reform's enforcement and results.

  19. Solanaceae diversity in the state of Jalisco, Mexico Diversidad de la familia Solanaceae en el estado de Jalisco, México

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    Carmen Teresa Cuevas-Arias; Ofelia Vargas; Aarón Rodríguez

    2008-01-01

    Mexico is a center of diversity for Solanaceae. Our objective is to analyze the species diversity and geographical distribution of the Solanaceae in Jalisco. The data come from 3 405 herbarium specimens. An analysis of these specimens indicates that the Solanaceae in Jalisco are represented by 20 genera, 138 species and 140 taxa. Four genera, Solanum (55 species), Physalis (35), Cestrum (10) and Lycianthes (9) represent 79% of the total number of species. In contrast, Brachistus, Browallia, C...

  20. Seismicity and Stress in the Southern Jalisco Block, Mexico.

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    Sánchez, J. J.; Núñez-Cornũ, F. J.

    2008-12-01

    Fault plane solutions for a group of 41 earthquakes with Mw magnitudes between 4.9 and 8.0, detected between November 1980 and May 2007, were extracted from the CMT catalog and used to investigate possible spatial and temporal variations of stress in the south part of the Jalisco Block. Using rigorous statistical tests we decide on the quality and variability of the earthquake source mechanisms and with the use of FMSI and LSIB stress tensor inversion techniques and cumulative misfit analysis find, at the 95% confidence level or more, significantly different regions and periods of stress regime. An important difference in seismicity and stress between the southern and northern regions of the Jalisco Block is highlighted by the regular occurrence of earthquakes to the south, in stark contrast with the scarcity of seismicity with Mw > 4.9 north of 19.36°N, a region that is illuminated with smaller earthquakes when local temporal or permanent deployments of seismographs are used, as noted by previous studies. We conclude that the region located near the coordinates 105°W and 18.43°N appears as a particularly diffuse zone affected by various stress styles and that the period following the great Mw 8.0 earthquake on October 9, 1995 appears as a short-lived change in stress induced by the great shock.

  1. LOS TEXTILES RECUPERADOS EN LA CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO (Textiles recovered from the Bolaños culture, Jalisco

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    María Teresa Cabrero G.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available En el México prehispánico, el hallazgo de textiles es sorprendente ya que deben reunirse determinados factores de clima y suelo para su conservación. Durante las excavaciones en El Piñón, sitio arqueológico perteneciente a la cultura Bolaños situada en el norte de Jalisco, México, se descubrieron varios fragmentos de telas elaboradas con fibras de algodón cuya antigüedad es de 1500 años. Dar a conocer este hallazgo resulta de gran importancia por ser una región inhóspita, poco conocida y alejada de las grandes urbes mexicanas. ENGLISH: It is very uncommon to find textile remains dated before the Spanish conquerors arrived in Mexico because numerous taphonomic factors, especially those pertaining to local climatic and soil chemistry conditions, must coincide to in order to preserve textiles. We found a series of cotton cloth fragments dated about 1500 years old during the archaeological recovery at the site of El Piñon, which is part of the Bolaños culture located in the North of Jalisco, Mexico. Publishing these data is very important due to the inhospitable geography and climate of the region, the fact that the site is not well known and is at a substantial distance from the closest Mexican urban centers.

  2. Salvia cacomensis (Lamiaceae, a new species from Jalisco, Mexico Salvia cacomensis (Lamiaceae, una nueva especie de Jalisco, México

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    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A new species from a botanically little known region of Jalisco, Mexico, is described and illustrated. The morphology of Salvia cacomensis J. G. González, J. Morales et J. Rodríguez is related to that of the species of sections Briquetia Epling and Tubiflorae (Epling Epling of subgenus Calosphace (Benth. Benth. The new taxon is distinguished by the combination of its essentially glabrous surface, the 2-flowered verticillasters, the pink to magenta corollas, and the particular dimensions of the floral bract, the calyx and the corolla.Se describe e ilustra una especie nueva procedente de una región botánicamente poco conocida de Jalisco, México. La morfología de Salvia cacomensis J. G. González, J. Morales et J. Rodríguez está relacionada con aquella de las especies de las secciones Briquetia Epling y Tubiflorae (Epling Epling del subgénero Calosphace (Benth. Benth. El nuevo taxón se distingue por la combinación de su superficie esencialmente glabra, sus verticilastros bifloros, el color rosa o magenta de sus corolas y las dimensiones particulares de la bráctea floral, el cáliz y la corola.

  3. Varanus exanthematicus (Bosc, 1792, Apalone spinifera emoryi (Le Sueur, 1827 y Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857: reptiles exóticos en el área urbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

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    Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Varanus exanthematicus (Bosc, 1792; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, hembra, longitud hocico-punta de la cola 628 mm, colectado el 8 de febrero del 2011 en una calle del área urbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 35' 48" N y 105º 13' 52" O, col. personal de la Subdirección de Ecología Municipal del H. Ayuntamiento de Puerto Vallarta, depositado y en resguardo del Reptilario Cipactli del Centro Universitario de la Costa de la Universidad de Guadalajara en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (permiso de funcionamiento del reptilario INE/ CITES/DGVS-CR-IN-0610-JAL./00; no hay número de registro individual del ejemplar. Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, macho, longitud de caparazón 270 mm, colectado el 4 de mayo del 2005 en un parque urbano del Barrio Santa María de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 37' 53" N y 105º 12' 4" O, col. personal de la Policía Ecológica del H. Ayuntamiento de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, depositada y en resguardo en una casa particular en la ciudad de León, Guanajuato (esta ciudad se encuentra aproximadamente a 370 km al noreste de Puerto Vallarta; no hay más datos del registro. Apalone spinifera emoryi (Le Sueur, 1827; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, macho, longitud del caparazón 240 mm, capturado el 20 de mayo del 2011 en una laguna artificial de agua dulce del área suburbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 42' 15" N y 105º 13' 18" O, col. Helios Hernández, depositado y en resguardo del Reptilario Cipactli del Centro Universitario de la Costa de la Universidad de Guadalajara en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (permiso de funcionamiento del reptilario INE/ CITES/DGVS-CR-IN-0610-JAL./00; no hay número de registro individual del ejemplar.

  4. Municipality finance

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    Drenčková, Monika

    2014-01-01

    The thesis on „Financial economy of local government units“ follows up the progression of the economy of the municipality Loštice during consecutive 7 years (2006 – 2012). Theoretical part of the thesis is focused on the clarification of particular terms relating to municipality and its economy. At the beginning of the practical part there are described the chosen municipality, population development and job opportunities and unemployment close to the municipality Loštice. Further the income...

  5. Noise levels at critical points in the municipality of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Figueroa, Arturo; Garcia, Jesus; Macias, Jorge; Orozco, Martha; Garcia, Javier; Delgadillo, Alan

    2002-11-01

    Studies of acoustic conditions are planning tools on which we can diagnose the problem of noise pollution in the cities. The first study on noise pollution made in the city was made by the University of Guadalajara in 1995 and updated in 1998 covering with measuring points the city center. This paper discusses the problem of noise pollution by motor vehicles at critical points and covers a total of 105 points. The study also analyzes the problem of noise pollution base on the community annoyance from which a regulation policy should derive. Results of the study show that the most critical points are located within zone 1 (center) where Leq levels within the range of 70-85 dB were found. Such levels exceed by far the international standard of 65 dB as recommended for ambient noise by the World Health Organization.

  6. Constraints on Jalisco Block Motion and Tectonics of the Guadalajara Triple Junction from 1998-2001 Campaign GPS Data

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    Selvans, Michelle M.; Stock, Joann M.; Demets, Charles; Sanchez, Osvaldo; Marquez-Azua, Bertha

    2011-08-01

    A GPS campaign network in the state of Jalisco was occupied for ~36 h per station most years between 1995 and 2005; we use data from 1998-2001 to investigate tectonic motion and interseismic deformation in the Jalisco area with respect to the North America plate. The twelve stations used in this analysis provide coverage of the Jalisco Block and adjacent North America plate, and show a pattern of motion that implies some contribution to Jalisco Block boundary deformation from both tectonic motion and interseismic deformation due to the offshore 1995 earthquake. The consistent direction and magnitude of station motion on the Jalisco Block with respect to the North America reference frame, ~2 mm/year to the southwest (95% confidence level), perhaps can be attributed to tectonic motion. However, some station velocities within and across the boundaries of the Jalisco Block are also non-zero (95% confidence level), and the overall pattern of station velocities indicates both viscoelastic response to the 1995 earthquake and partial coupling of the subduction interface (together termed "interseismic deformation"). Our results show motion across the northern Colima rift, the eastern boundary of the Jalisco Block, which is likely to be sinistral oblique extension rather than pure extension. We constrain extension across both the Colima rift and the northeastern boundary of the Jalisco Block, the Tepic-Zacoalco rift, to ≤8 mm/year (95% confidence level), slow compared to relative rates of motion at nearby plate boundaries.

  7. El nacimiento de la ingeniería en Jalisco (1827-1869)

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    DelaTorre, Federico

    1995-01-01

    La presencia de la ingeniería en la educación superior, tanto en Europa como en América, comenzó hasta finales del siglo XVIII. En México, la profesionalización de la ingeniería se remonta a la creación del Colegio de Minería en 1792; sin embargo, en el resto del país, específicamente en Jalisco, su profesionalización se dio de manera más lenta. El autor relata la evolución de la enseñanza de las ciencias en el estado de Jalisco desde la formación del Instituto de Ciencias de Jalisco en 1826....

  8. [Ichthyofauna of the Navidad Bay, Jalisco, México].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar-Palomino, B; Pérez Reyes, C; Galván-Magaña, F; Abitía-Cardenas, L A

    2001-03-01

    A check-list and the relative abundance of the ichthyofauna from Bahia de Navidad, Jalisco, Mexico is presented. This poorly known area of the eastern Tropical Pacific ocean is characterized by its great fish diversity. A total of 245 fish species (163 genera, 72 families) were collected during the 1994-1995 annual cycle. Vouchers were deposited in Centro de Ecologia Costera, Universidad de Guadalajara. The most important families in number of species were Carangidae (20 species), Haemulidae (20), Serranidae (17), Sciaenidae (13) and Lutjanidae (8); 20 species represented 85% and 80% of relative abundance and biomass respectively. Microlepidotus brevipinnis, Caranx caninus, Caranx caballus, Kiphosus analogus and Caranx sexfasciatus, were the dominant species. Most fish species collected in Bahia de Navidad have zoogeographical affinity with the Panamic Province (65%), and in lesser proportion with the Eastern Pacific Ocean (19%), Circumtropical (7%), Mexican Province (5%), Indo-Pacific Ocean (3%) and Gulf of California (0.4%). The great ichthyological affinity between the study area and the southern Gulf of California suggests an extension of the of Gulf southern limit.

  9. Hydrogeochemical analyses of groundwater from Ameca, Jalisco Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tostado, M.; Rosas-Elguera, J.; Gomez Hermosillo, C.

    2008-05-01

    The accelerated demographic and industrial growth of settlements in mid cities and surrounding urbane areas, requires larger water volumes for its support, including public use. Usually, these requirements are not met by superficial waters consequently underground water is required to fulfill the general necessities. TheAmeca region in Jalisco, Mexico, is located around 80km west of Guadalajara. This region has been sustained by Agriculture and mining for several decades. This last activity has been mainly developed to the north of the city, precisely on the recharge zone. The infiltrated water, eventually form the aquifers. While it travels, and due to its intrinsic dilution capacity, the water may become polluted. Eventually, if he pollutants are toxic, the water from wells used in cities like Ameca, may result in serious health problems. In this study, the Ameca aquifer is evaluated through chemical analyses of the water from wells serving the city. Thus the natural pollution caused by mineral deposit zones and mines located on the recharge zone can be evaluated.

  10. de La Ciénega, costa sur de Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter R. W. Gerritsen

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Hoy día la producción agroindustrial de alimentos es una actividad que está causando gran impacto tanto en los recursos naturales como en las culturas y los tejidos sociales; mientras que el modo campesino, opuesto al agroindustrial, propone una agricultura justa con base en las prácticas y experiencias campesinas generando así alternativas sustentables de producción.En este artículo se analizan cuatro estudios de caso de agricultores en el ejido de La Ciénega en la costa sur de Jalisco, los cuales se ubican en estos dos sistemas de producción. Los resultados exponen las técnicas de producción y estrategias campesinas que se desarrollan, así como la relación de los sistemas de producción ante las políticas agropecuarias. Terminamos resaltando la importancia de las prácticas y experiencias endógenas para el fortalecimiento de un desarrollo rural sustentable

  11. Nuevas figuras sindicales: las Agencias de Colocación en Jalisco

    OpenAIRE

    Raquel Edith Partida Rocha

    2004-01-01

    Con la aparición de las nuevas inversiones de capital extranjero y la llegada de empresas transnacionales y maquiladoras en Jalisco, nace un vínculo muy sólido entre el capital, el Estado y los sindicatos. Así, hay en Jalisco una importante masa de trabajadores desprotegidos, como consecuencia de las prácticas sindicales corpo-rativas que no permiten el avance en los índices de sindicalización democrática, ni el fortalecimiento de las organizaciones independientes, no se vislumbra un camino a...

  12. Los notarios de Jalisco: estructura y coyuntura en un campo profesional Jalisco's notaries: structure and junctures in a professional field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Arellano Ríos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la actividad notarial mexicana a partir del caso jalisciense. El enfoque con el que se trabaja es la hibridación de la noción de campo de Pierre Bourdieu y Otto Maduro, además de explicitar algunas características del derecho mexicano. Estos planteamientos sirven para hacer sociología jurídica, al trazar los elementos que ordenan y dan lógica a la actividad notarial. Asimismo, se muestran algunos conflictos suscitados en este espacio social.This article analyzes Mexican notaries' activity focusing on the case of Jalisco. The approach used combines Pierre Bourdieus and Otto Maduro's notions of social field in addition to explaining certain characteristics of the Mexican law. This analysis serves to advance the sociology of law by tracing the features that arrange and provide a logical framework for notarial activity. It also shows some of the conflicts that have arisen in this social space.

  13. [Perceptions of adolescents Jalisco campaign on breast cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapia-Curiel, Amparo; Nuño-Gutiérrez, Bertha Lidia; Flores-Padilla, Luis; Villaseñor-Farías, Martha; López-López, José Luis; Covarrubias-Bermúdez, María de los Ángeles

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: las campañas sobre cáncer de mama (CaMa) y las estrategias de sensibilización tienen limitada evidencia sobre su efectividad en jóvenes. La percepción referente conductual que da cuenta cómo individuos seleccionan, organizan e interpretan información. Este estudio muestra la percepción de adolescentes jaliscienses sobre campañas de CaMa. Métodos: estudio cualitativo, exploratorio, transversal, basado en las teorías construccionista y asociacionista de la percepción. Entrevista con consentimiento informado a 13 grupos focales, 129 hombres y mujeres de 12 a 19 años, escolarizados, residentes de 6 regiones de Jalisco, muestreo: técnica bola de nieve. Entrevistas transcritas y procesadas en Atlas Ti 4.1, análisis por codificación abierta. Resultados: se identificaron 10 campañas, la percepción de ellas mostró 3 procesos: 1) Selección: permeada por elementos del diseño de las campañas; 2) Organización: influenciada por significados pre estructurados sobre el color rosa, alcances y limitaciones de las campañas, y 3) Interpretación: mostró juicios referentes a visibilización del CaMa, accesibilidad al conocimiento y recursos, permeabilización de pautas y códigos culturales positivos y no cobertura a expectativas. Conclusiones: se evidenció alta sensibilización de adolescentes ante el CaMa y amplia necesidad de información y servicios. Recomendamos generar estrategias en educación formal en la adolescencia sobre salud mamaria.

  14. The Spanish Influence on the Mestizo Folk Dance of Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Lawrence Alan

    Folk dances from three regions of Mexico (Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco) are examined. Emphasis is placed on the ways in which these folk dances reflect the history and cultural attitudes of the Mexican people and, particularly, on the influence of Spanish culture and history on Mexican folk dances. For the dances of each of these areas,…

  15. Nuevos registros del parásito Probopyrus pacificensis (Isopoda: Bopyridae en el sur de Nayarit y norte de Jalisco, México New records of the parasite Probopyrus pacificensis (Isopoda: Bopyridae in southern Nayarit and northern Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Ocaña-Luna

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan nuevos registros de Probopyrus pacificensis en el arroyo San Francisco, sur de Nayarit y en el arroyo Palo María, norte de Jalisco en el Pacífico mexicano, parasitando a camarones de agua dulce de la especie Macrobrachium tenellum.New observations of Probopyrus pacificensis were recorded in Arroyo San Francisco, southern Nayarit, and Arroyo Palo María, northern Jalisco, in the Mexican Pacific, infesting the freshwater shrimp Macrobrachium tenellum.

  16. Subduction of the Rivera Plate Beneath the Jalisco Block as Imaged by Magnetotelluric Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, R.; Corbo, F.; Arzate, J.

    2013-05-01

    Two magnetotelluric profiles perpendicular to the trench provide information on the subduction of the Rivera plate under the Jalisco Block (JB). The geometry of the subducting slab is inferred by the anomalous conductor on the top of the profile in the central part of the JB. High-conductivity zones (Bahia de Banderas fault (BBF) zone subduction appears to stop or to occur closer to the trench at a steeper angle. The conductivity image at the NW edge of JB reveals no downwards dipping plate but an extended conductor apparently rising from depths > 40 km. Our results supports the mantle upwelling theory as an explanation to the reported 1.5 km uplift of the central part of the Jalisco Block, and the Rivera plate discontinuity across the BBF zone as suggested by seismicity data.

  17. Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana and Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae), three new species from Jalisco, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos; José Antonio Vázquez-García; Miguel de Jesús Cházaro-Basáñez

    2013-01-01

    Three new species from Jalisco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. These species grow in tropical or in tropical and temperate transitional forests. The 3 species belong to Salvia L. subgenus Calosphace (Benth.) Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González is morphologically similar with section Briquetia Epling. It is characterized by the contrasting vegetative morphology between mature and immature individuals, its relatively large and sessile or sub-sessile leaves (the uppermost amplexicaul...

  18. New seismic images of the crust across the Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block (Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordoba, Diego; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco Javier; Bartolomé, Rafael; José Dañobeitia, Juan; Bandy, William Lee; Núñez, Diana; Prada, Manel; Escudero-Ayala, Christian; Espíndola, Juan Manuel; Zamora, Araceli; Gómez, Adán; Ortiz, Modesto; Tsujal Working Group

    2015-04-01

    During the spring and summer of 2014, we achieved an extensive offshore geophysical experiment at West Coast of México entitled "Crustal characterization of the Rivera Plate-Jalisco Block boundary and its implications for seismic and tsunami hazard assessment (TSUJAL)". The project is the result of continuous scientific collaboration between institutions in Mexico and Spain, whose main objective is to study the lithospheric structure at the collision zone between Rivera, North America Plates and the Jalisco Block, and identifying submarine structures which can potentially be tsunamigenic sources The active phase of this project carried out in February and March of 2014, we acquired around 5200 km of Multichannel Seismic Reflection (MCS) together with multibeam bathymetry and potential fields (gravity and magnetism) data. Moreover, a wide angle experiment was performed, deploying 16 OBS in 32 locations in Jalisco and Nayarit offshore regions, also recorded on a terrestrial network of 100 portable seismic stations in 240 locations across 5 seismic profiles of 200-300 km in length combined with the Seismological Network of the State of Jalisco (SisVOc). In addition, 8 land seismic stations were installed in Marías Islands and Isabel Island. These instruments registered, in continuous mode, the airgun shots generated by airgun array of 5800 ci, shooting every 120 s. The UK vessel RRS James Cook participated in this project as a part of the exchange program between Spanish and English scientific vessels, she was responsible of marine seismic experiment (MCS & WA) using a 6 km length streamer and a high capacity airgun array. Furthermore, the ARM Holzinger and RV El Puma participated in this project and were provided by the Mexican Navy and UNAM, respectively. The second phase of this project was achieved in June 2014, where 100 short period seismic stations were installed along a 200 km seismic profile from La Caldera de la Primavera (Guadalajara) to Barra de Navidad

  19. Tsujal Project: New Geophysical Studies about Rivera PLATE and Jalisco Block (MEXICO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barba, D. C., Sr.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Danobeitia, J.; Bartolome, R.; Bandy, W. L.; Escudero, C. R.; Cameselle, A. L.; Espindola de Castro, J. M., Sr.; Prada, M.; Nunez, D.; Zamora Camacho, A.; Gomez, A.; Ortiz, M.

    2014-12-01

    During spring and summer of 2014, it has been carried out the first geophysical fieldwork of the project entitled "Crustal characterization of the Rivera Plate-Jalisco Block boundary and its implications for seismic and tsunami hazard assessment (TSUJAL)". This is project is the result of a wide scientific collaboration between institutions of Mexico and Spain with the main aim of studying the lithospheric structure in Rivera and North American Plates convergence regions and Jalisco Block, and, also, identifying submarine structures that could be tsunamigenic sources. The first phase of this project was carried out in February and March of 2014. More than 5200 km of Multichannel Seismic Reflection (MCS) data were acquired, together with multibeam and parametric soundings and potential fields (gravity and magnetism) data. Wide Angle profiling were recorded deploying 16 OBS in 32 locations, offshore Jalisco and Nayarit regions Onshore, a network of 100 short period seismic portable stations were deployed in 240 locations along 5 seismic lines of 200-300 km length that worked combined with Seismological Network of Jalisco State (SisVOc). In addition, 8 land seismic stations were installed in Marías Islands and Isabel Island. These instruments registered, in continuous mode, the source energy was generated by big airgun array of 5800 ci, shooting every 120 s. The British vessel RRS James Cook, which participated in this project as a part of the exchange program between Spanish and English scientific vessels, was responsible of carrying out the MCS profiles and the deployment of OBS. For them, it was used a 6 km length digital streamer and airgun array of high capacity. Moreover, the ARM Holzinger and RV El Puma participated in this project and were provided by the Mexican Navy and UNAM, respectively. The second phase of this project was carried out in June 2014. 100 short period seismic stations were installed along one seismic profile from La Caldera de la Primavera

  20. Diversidad del género Dahlia (Asteraceae: Coreopsideae en Jalisco, México y descripción de una especie nueva Diversity of the genus Dahlia (Asteraceae: Coreopsideae in Jalisco, Mexico and description of a new species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Castro-Castro

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La tribu Coreopsideae Turner et Powell (Asteraceae concentra su diversidad y endemismo en México. Dahlia Cav. es un género característico de Coreopsideae; en Jalisco crecen D. barkerae Knowles et Westc., D. coccinea Cav., D. pugana Aaron Rodr. et A. Castro, D. sherffii P. D. Sorensen y D. tenuicaulis P. D. Sorensen. Aquí se describe e ilustra D. pugana, una especie nueva para la ciencia. Hasta donde sabemos, este taxón es exclusivo de Jalisco, pertenece a Dahlia sección Dahlia y tiene semejanzas morfológicas con D. barkerae, D. brevis P. D. Sorensen y D. scapigera (A. Dietr. Knowles et Westc. con las cuales se compara. Por último, incluimos una clave para la identificación de las especies que crecen en Jalisco.The greatest diversity and endemism of Coreopsideae Turner et Powell (Asteraceae is concentrated in Mexico. Dahlia Cav. is a characteristic genus of Coreopsideae and represented in Jalisco by D. barkerae Knowles et Westc., D. coccinea Cav., D. pugana Aaron Rodr. et A. Castro, D. sherffii P. D. Sorensen and D. tenuicaulis P. D. Sorensen. We describe and illustrate D. pugana as a new species. As far as we know, this taxon is exclusive to Jalisco, pertains to Dahlia section Dahlia, and has morphological similarities with D. barkerae, D. brevis P. D. Sorensen and D. scapigera (A. Dietr. Knowles et Westc. with which it is compared. Finally, we include an identification key for the species that grow in Jalisco.

  1. Ataques de cocodrilo de río (Crocodylus acutus) en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: presentación de cinco casos American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) attacks in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: Presentation of five cases

    OpenAIRE

    F.G. Cupul-Magaña; A. Rubio-Delgado; C. Reyes-Núñez; E. Torres-Campos; L.A. Solís-Pecero

    2010-01-01

    Se presentan cinco casos de ataques por cocodrilos a personas, sin consecuencias fatales, en la región de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (2007-2010). En cuatro de los casos, la víctima sufrió amputación del miembro superior o inferior, y en un caso sólo resultó con mordeduras avulsivas en el brazo. Con la documentación de estos cinco casos, el número de ataques por cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus) en la costa del estado mexicano de Jalisco durante los últimos 52 años es de entre 30 y...

  2. SMALL-SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS IN A PINE-OAK FOREST COMMUNITY IN NUEVA COLONIA, MEZQUITIC, JALISCO, MEXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Gregorio Nieves-Hernández; J. Antonio Vázquez-García; Yalma L. Vargas- Rodriguez; Marcelino Vázquez-García; Jesús González-Gallegos

    2009-01-01

    We explored environmental variables related to pine-oak forest community structure at one locality in Jalisco, Mexico. We used an NMS ordination in conjunction with the Sørensen distance to identify the major small-scale community gradients along 25 contiguous quadrats (25 m x 25 m, 400 m2 each) of pine-oak forest in Nueva Colonia, Mezquitic, Jalisco, Mexico. The main matrix (25 stands x 7 tree species) included basal area data, and the environmental matrix consisted of 19 quantitative enviro...

  3. Análisis estructural y de diversidad en los bosques de Abies de Jalisco, México Structural and diversity analysis of Abies forests from Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Cuevas-Guzmán

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En 24 parcelas de 0.1 ha, distribuidas en 5 áreas del estado de Jalisco, se determinaron la estructura, composición florística y diversidad de los bosques de Abies, y sus atributos fueron comparados entre áreas. Se registraron 64 especies, 47 géneros y 35 familias. Asteraceae, Pinaceae y Fagaceae y los géneros Quercus, Pinus y Abies fueron los más ricos en especies. El 56% de los individuos tuvo alturas entre 2 y 14 m; las mayores se presentaron en Abies religiosa var. emarginata, A. guatemalensis var. jaliscana, Quercus xalapensis y A. religiosa var. religiosa. Los mayores valores de densidad, área basal, frecuencia y valor de importancia fueron para A. religiosa var. emarginata, A. religiosa var. religiosa, Pinus pseudostrobus y Podocarpus matudae. Los individuos de las especies presentaron una distribución diamétrica en forma de "J" invertida en las 5 zonas estudiadas, mientras que la riqueza y la diversidad de especies no mostraron diferencias estadísticas significativas entre las áreas. La similitud promedio entre las parcelas de las 5 áreas mostró diferencias estadísticas significativas para 4 de ellas. Aunque muy diferentes en su composición florística, los bosques de Abies de Jalisco resultaron similares en riqueza, diversidad y estructura. En las 5 áreas, las comunidades mostraron buena capacidad de recuperación pues en todos los estratos se presentaron individuos altos y árboles emergentes.Structure, floristic composition and diversity in Abies forests were determined in twenty-four 0.1 ha plots in 5 areas in Jalisco State. The resulting attributes were compared between areas. Sixty four species, 47 genera and 35 families were recorded. The families Asteraceae, Pinaceae and Fagaceae, as well as the genera Quercus, Pinus and Abies had the highest species richness. More than half (56% of the individuals had a height ranging between 2 and 14 m, with Abies religiosavar. emarginata, A. guatemalensis var. jaliscana

  4. Imaging the Rivera and Cocos Plates below Jalisco and Michoacan Blocks from Seismicity Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Gutierrez Pena, Q. J.; Escudero, C. R.; Barba, D. C., Sr.

    2014-12-01

    We review the local seismicity recorded by the project "Mapping the Riviera Subduction Zone" (MARS), a temporary seismic network that was installed in the states of Jalisco, Colima and Michoacán between January 2006 and June 2007, and the data collected by Jalisco Seismic and Accelerometric Network (RESAJ). We did a relocation of all MARS events using Hypo71 and the P-wave velocity model used by the RESAJ. The data comprise more than 2,000 earthquakes with local magnitude between 1.4 and 5.9 and depths between 1.0 and 109 km. Some crustal seismicity alignments are observed on the Jalisco Block. The geometry of the slabs is different; both are clearly separated beneath the Colima Graben. The Cocos plate, residing south of the graben, presents a typical flat slab dipping with an angle of about 21º extending eastward 200 km from the trench. Meanwhile, the more northerly Rivera plate exhibits a curvature or bend, possibly the result of an oblique suduction process, dipping from the trench with an angle of about 10º just south of Bahía Banderas to a dip angle of 25º at the Eastern contact with the Colima Graben. We have produced profiles parallel to the trench, in a profile along the shore line and a second one 50 km inland. A subduction dip angle of 12º towards the SE direction is observed in the Rivera plate in profiles inland from Bahia de Banderas to the Colima Graben, but the seismicity ceases to define the plate for more westerly profiles which enounter the graben.

  5. Recursos naturales en la región de los valles, Jalisco.

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    Lilia Francisca Sánchez Moreno

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La Región Valles se encuentra en los límites de las provincias fisiográficas IV Sierra Madre occidental y X Eje Neovolcánico correspondiendo los sistemas de topoformas predominantes a sierras, lomeríos y mesetas según la Comisión Estatal de Agua, Jalisco (CEA, Jal. Esta Región Valles se encuentra en el centro occidente del Estado y colinda con las regiones 01 Norte, 10 Sierra Occidental, 12 Centro, 06 Sur y 07 Sierra de Amula, así como con el Estado de Nayarit. Tiene una superficie de 5,851 km2 , lo cual representa 7.3 por ciento del total Estatal, lo cual ubica a Valles como una área geográfica media, con relación al resto de las regiones del Estado de Jalisco. Esta región tiene una gran riqueza en cuanto a Recursos Naturales se refiere, ya que cuenta con la recién declarada Área Estatal de Protección Hidrológica, “Sierra del Águila” el 18 de febrero del 2010, Presa de la Vega declarada sitio Ramsar en el mismo año y tiene uno de los recursos hídricos más importantes de Jalisco, Cuenca del Río Ameca. De acuerdo con la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA, la región Valles es una superficie donde la capacidad de los mantos acuíferos permite la extracción para cualquier tipo de uso, encontrando dos zonas geohidrológicas donde se realizan extracciones, que son la de Tequila (RH12 y la de Ameca (RH14.

  6. ESTRUCTURA DEL BOSQUE TEMPLADO DE GALERÍA EN LA SIERRA DE QUILA, JALISCO

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Luisa Santiago-Pérez; Alberto Ayón Escobedo; Verónica Carolina Rosas-Espinoza; Fabián Alejandro Rodríguez Zaragoza; Sandra Luz Toledo González

    2014-01-01

    El área protegida Sierra de Quila en Jalisco posee una extensa red de arroyos permanentes y temporales donde los bosques de galería mantienen importantes procesos ecológicos y de conectividad biológica. Este trabajo describe su estructura florística arbórea en siete arroyos ubicados en el intervalo altitudinal de 1 876 y 2 200 m. Se establecieron 29 sitios de muestreo de 500 m 2 cada uno (1.45 ha) en los que se midieron todos los individuos leñosos 7 cm de diámetro (DN). Se registraron ...

  7. Helminth parasites of Chapalichthys encaustus (Pisces: Goodeidae), an endemic freshwater fish from Lake Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Aquino, Andrés; Salgado-Maldonado, Guillermo; Aguilar-Aguilar, Rogelio; Cabañas-Carranza, Guillermina; Ortega-Olivares, Mirza P

    2004-08-01

    A total of 6 helminth species were recorded during helminthological examination of 50 Chapalichthys encaustus from Lake Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico. Helminth species identified included: Salsuginus sp. (an undescribed monogenea); Posthodiplostomum minimum (metacercariae); Cyclustera ralli (metacestode); Polymorphus brevis (cystacanth); Contracaecum sp. (nematode larvae); and Rhabdochona lichtenfelsi (adult nematode). Of these, 2 (Salsuginus sp. and R. lichtenfelsi) are specialist species. The observed species richness, individual parasite abundance, and diversity were low. Data suggest that host specificity is an important factor contributing to observed community composition and richness. Host feeding habits and helminth species availability seem to determine the characteristics of these helminth assemblages. PMID:15357094

  8. Entre aromas de incienso y pólvora : Los Altos de Jalisco, México, 1917-1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    López Ulloa, José Luis

    2008-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the Mexican Revolution and on the opposition strategies followed by the opponents of the revolutionary regime who lived in the region known as Los Altos de Jalisco. In this particular region, the Catholic population, supported by the Clergy, was in constant conflict with the r

  9. Education Reform and Decentralization in Mexico and the Creation of "Educacion Civica" in the State of Jalisco

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contreras, Gloria; Rice, Marion J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors investigate Mexican education reform and decentralization and how the state of Jalisco focused in the early twenty-first century on developing a sequential curriculum for teaching civics in grades 1-6. The authors use the term "educacion civica" because in Mexico the curriculum emphasizes the acquisition of values and…

  10. LA FLORIDA: UN CENTRO DE CONTROL EN LA REGIÓN DE BOLAÑOS, ZACATECAS Y JALISCO (La Florida: A control center in the region of Bolaños, Zacatecas and Jalisco

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    Carlos López C.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Las excavaciones en el sitio arqueológico La Florida, Zacatecas, tuvieron como objetivo confirmar que la hipótesis planteada al inicio del proyecto arqueológico fue correcta al sugerir que un grupo procedente del centro de Jalisco ocupó el cañón de Bolaños con el propósito de establecer una ruta de intercambio comercial que uniera el centro de Jalisco con el norte de México. Dicha hipótesis se basó en la presencia de un patrón arquitectónico circular y tumbas de tiro, ambos rasgos presentes tanto en el cañón de Bolaños como en el centro de Jalisco. Las investigaciones en otros sitios de este cañón dieron a conocer que la población pertenecía a un mismo grupo biológico ya que mostraba una patología craneal (engrosamiento del frontal generalizada. ENGLISH: The objective of the archaeological diggings conducted in La Florida, Zacatecas, Mexico site, was to confirm that the hypothesis suggested originally was correct. It was that a group of people from the State of Jalisco relocated and settled in the Bolanios Canyon to establish a commercial route between the center of the State and the North of Mexico. This hypothesis is based on the circular architectonic pattern and the shaft tombs which are representative of the Bolanios Canyon and the center of the State of Jalisco. Because of generalized pathology of skulls (thickening of the frontal bone conducted by other research projects along the Bolaños Canyon, we know now that these people originated from the same ethnic group.

  11. Entrepreneurship and social capital: Sources of local development, the jewelery industry in Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes León Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last forty years in various regions of Mexico, Jalisco, has given impetus to the development of industries known as "modern" as electronics and software, this is intended to increase growth and foster development, all this has been detrimental to those industries considered "traditional" (footwear, textile, jewelery, industries that have long been the basis for productive development of these regions. Policies that have followed in industrial countries has been to promote the first under the assumption that they are incorporating the technology, while the latter incorporates little technology intheir production processes and generally do not innovate. However industrial behavior has demonstrated that the above is a fallacy.Government policies that were implemented in industrial resulted in the increase in the share of industrial production called "modern", such as electronics and software, but those traditional activities such as jewelry, not only maintained but that increased production and commercial dynamism. This dynamic is observed in the absorption of employment and productive participation nationwide. The jewelry industry is a case in point, because from generation entrepreneurshipcapacity, social capital and working together with the government, among others, has managed to influence local development in the region. Therefore in this paper analyzes trying to emphasize that industry, from interviews with key actors and quantitative analysis for this industry, basic factors that impacted on the local development of Jalisco.

  12. Allegheny County Municipal Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the municipal boundaries in Allegheny County. Data was created to portray the boundaries of the 130 Municipalities in Allegheny County the...

  13. Ecological Restoration of the La Primavera Forest Geothermal Zone, Jalisco, Mexico; Restauracion ecologica de lazona geotermica del bosque La Primavera, Jalisco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pastrana Melchor, Eugenio J.; Manon Mercado, Alfredo; Hernandez Ayala, Cuauhtemoc [Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos de la Comision Federal de Electricidad, Morelia, (Mexico)

    1997-05-01

    The Bosque La Primavera is an oak-pine forest covering a surface estimated in 36 000 hectares. It is located westerly from Guadalajara City, Jalisco. Over a small part of the forest, between 1980 and 1988 the Comision Federal de Electricidad (Federal Commission for Electricity, or CFE) carried out several works to drill 13 geothermal wells, which caused environmental impacts on 53 hectares of the forest; this means 0.15% of the forestry area. In March 1989 the CFE suspended its geothermal exploration and development activities in the zone, and started an exhaustive program to restore the environmental impacts. So, between 1989 and 1994 different works were done within two hydrographic micro-basins (named the Arroyo El Caracol and Arroyo El Huilustre micro-basins) where the CFE works are located. Objectives were to reduce the exposed to erosion areas at the high portions of those micro-basins, and to retain sediments at low portions of the same. Up to now the erosion index, which have been monitored by CFE each year, have reached comparable values to those from the beginning of eighties. This means those restoration works are successful. [Espanol] El bosque La Primavera se encuentra constituido principalmente por encino-pino con una superficie aproximada de 36 mil hectareas, localizado al occidente de la ciudad de Guadalajara, Jalisco. En una pequena porcion de el, la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) llevo a cabo, entre 1980 y 1988, diversas obras para perforar un total de 13 pozos geotermicos que ocasionaron impactos al ambiente en 53 hectareas del bosque, correspondientes al 0.15% de la superficie boscosa. A partir de marzo de 1989 la CFE suspendio sus actividades de exploracion y desarrollo geotermico en la zona, para llevar a cabo un exhaustivo programa de restauracion ecologica de los impactos ambientales. Asi, entre 1989 y 1994 se realizaron trabajos en las dos microcuencas hidrograficas en las que se ubican las obras realizadas por la CFE, las

  14. Los equinodermos (Echinodermata de bahía Chamela, Jalisco, México The echinoderms (Echinodermata from bahía Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Ríos-Jara

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Cuarenta especies de equinodermos fueron recolectadas en las zonas intermareal y submareal somero de 14 sitios de bahía Chamela. Destacan 7 nuevos registros para la costa de Jalisco. Los análisis de escalonamiento multidimensional no métrico y el índice de similitud de Jaccard permitieron identificar grupos y entidades aisladas de acuerdo a la contribución y frecuencia de las especies de 4 clases de equinodermos en los sitios de la bahía y en otras localidades del Pacífico tropical mexicano (PTM. La mayor similitud se presentó con las localidades del golfo de California. Los índices de distinción taxonómica promedio (Δ+ y su variación (Λ+ fueron utilizados para analizar la diversidad de equinodermos en los niveles de especie, género, familia, orden y clase para cada sitio de la bahía y para distintas localidades del PTM de acuerdo al número de jerarquías taxonómicas de alto orden y la variabilidad en su diversidad taxonómica. La riqueza de especies de Chamela representa el 20% de la diversidad total de equinodermos de las zonas intermareal y submareal somero del PTM, lo que indica su importancia en la contribución a la diversidad taxonómica de la región.Forty species of echinoderms were collected in the intertidal and shallow subtidal zones of 14 sites of bahía Chamela. Of particular importance are 7 new records of species for the coast of Jalisco. A nonmetric multidimensional scaling analysis and the Jaccard's similarity index identified different groups and isolated entities according to the contribution and the frequency of species of 4 classes of echinoderms in the bay and in other localities of the Mexican Tropical Pacific (MTP. The highest similarity of species was with the localities of the Gulf of California. The indices of average taxonomic distinctness (Δ+ and the variation in the taxonomic distinctness (Λ+ were estimated to analyze the diversity of echinoderms at the taxonomic levels of species, genus, family

  15. Adaptive municipal electronic forms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Pieter; Dijk, van Betsy; Bondarouk, Tanya; Ruël, Huub; Guiderdoni-Jourdain, Karine; Oiry, Ewan

    2009-01-01

    Adaptation of electronic forms (e-forms) seems to be a step forward to reduce the burden for people who fill in forms. Municipalities more and more offer e-forms online that can be used by citizens to request a municipal product or service or by municipal employees to place a request on behalf of a

  16. The Geological Trace Of The 1932 Tsunamis In The Tropical Jalisco-Colima Coast, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez-Herrera, M.; Blecher, L.; Goff, J. R.; Corona, N.; Chague-Goff, C.; Lagos, M.; Hutchinson, I.; Aguilar, B.; Goguitchaichrili, A.; Machain-Castillo, M. L.; Rangel, V.; Zawadzki, A.; Jacobsen, G.

    2013-05-01

    The study and preservation of tsunami deposits have being challenging in humid tropical environments. While tsunami deposits have been widely studied at temperate latitudes, few studies assess this problem in tropical environments due to the difficulties intrinsic to these places (e.g. tsunami deposit preservation, post-burial changes in a tropical environment, mangrove vegetation, difficult access, wildlife, among others). Here we assess the problem of tsunami-deposits preservation on the Jalisco-Colima tropical coast of Mexico, which parallels the more than 1000-km long Mexican subduction, where historical accounts indicate the occurrence of two significant tsunamis on June 3 and 22, 1932 (Corona and Ramírez-Herrera, 2012a, Valdivia et al., 2012). However, up to date, no geological evidence of these events has been reported. We present geological evidence of two large tsunamis related to the June 3, M 8.2 earthquake, and the June 22, Ms 6.9 landslide-triggering event of 1932 (Corona and Ramírez-Herrera, 2012a, b). A multiproxy approach was applied to unravel the nature of anomalous sand units and sharp basal contacts in the stratigraphy of a number of sites at Palo Verde estuary, El Tecuán swales and marsh, and La Manzanilla swales, on the Jalisco-Colima coast. Lines of evidence including historical, geomorphological, stratigraphic, grain size, organic matter content, microfossils (diatoms and foraminifera), geochemical content, magnetic susceptibility and AMS analyses, together with dating (210Pb and 14C), and modeling, corroborate the presence of tsunami deposits of both the 3 June 1932 tsunami at El Tecuán and La Manzanilla, and the 22 June 1932 tsunami at Palo Verde. Further evidence of earlier tsunamis, at least four events, is also evident in the stratigraphy. Work in progress should reveal the chronology of the earliest tsunamis and their origin. Corona, N., M.T. Ramirez-Herrera. (2012a) Mapping and historical reconstruction of the great Mexican 1932

  17. Earthquake cycle implications of the Jalisco/Colima GPS project, 1995-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demets, C.; Marquez-Azua, B.; Sanchez, O.; Stock, J.

    2007-05-01

    This talk will summarize results from modeling of campaign and continuous GPS measurements in a 30+ station network that extends 350 km along the Pacific coast and 300 km inland in the states of Jalisco, Colima, and Michoacan. Measurements since March of 1995 have recorded in detail the Oct 9, 1995 M=8.0 Colima/Jalisco and Jan 22, 2003 M=7.4 Tecoman earthquakes, constituting the only earthquakes with magnitudes above 6.5 that have ruptured the northwestern end of the Middle America trench since 1932. Modeling of coseismic offsets for both earthquakes indicate that coseismic slip extended no farther downdip than the Pacific coastline, defining a shallower seismogenic zone than is typical for subduction zone. Near-term postseismic measurements demonstrate that both earthquakes were followed within hours to days by aseismic propagation of slip along the subduction interface to deeper areas beneath the continent, decaying logarithmically with time after the earthquakes. These are diagnostic of fault-centered afterslip, representing a transient frictional response to the earthquake. Measurements months to years after each earthquake clearly show protracted, decaying transient deformation, consistent with viscoelastic flow of the upper mantle and possibly lower crust to relax the seismically-elevated stresses at depth. The afterslip and viscoelastic transients are further superimposed on linear landward motions of the GPS sites, which are an elastic response to relocking of shallow seismogenic areas of the subduction interface. The site motions are poorly fit by models that exclude steady interseismic strain accumulation, afterslip, or viscoelastic transients, strongly suggesting that all three contribute to surface deformation. Interestingly, no episodic transient slip has been recorded in Jalisco or Colima since continuous GPS recording was initiated by INEGI in early 1993. Unlike the rest of western and southern Mexico, where ETS is pervasive and presumably caused by

  18. Crustal Structure across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block (MEXICO): TsuJal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuñez-Cornu, F. J.; Nunez, D.; Barba, D. C., Sr.; Trejo, E.; Escalona, F.; Danobeitia, J.; Gutierrez Pena, Q. J.

    2015-12-01

    Located on the western margin of Mexico, the collision zone between Rivera, Cocos and North American plates is a complex tectonic collage with high seismic hazards and potential tsunamigenic sources. During the spring of 2014, within the framework of TSUJAL project, Spanish and Mexican scientists investigated this region with the main objective of defining the crustal architecture of this active margin and recognizing potential structural sources that can trigger earthquakes and tsunamis at the convergence between Rivera plate-Jalisco block with the North American Plate. To achieve these goals, a wide-ranging of geophysical data was acquired in this region both offshore and onshore. In this paper, we present the preliminary results obtained from this project about bathymetric, structural geology and wide-angle seismic data of the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas. A crustal P-wave velocity model for the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas was obtained using WAS data recorded by OBS and land seismic stations for more than 150 km across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. The thickness of the slab in this area is about 10 km and presents a dip angle about 8º. Continental crustal thickness below Puerto Vallarta is about 20 km, no evidence of continental Moho was found in this study. This model support that due to the convergence of Rivera Plate against Jalisco Block, the region of Bahía de Banderas is under strong crustal stresses that generate structural lineaments and have the same trends offshore and inland. Most of the seismicity reported can be associated to the main structural lineaments. The Banderas Canyon apparently is in an opening process from west to east, which seems to continue through the Rio Pitillal river valley. There is no seismic or morphological evidence to consider that the Banderas Canyon is a continuation of Vallarta Graben.South of María Cleofas Island, the SC marks the limit between RP and JB, possibly being the result of the RP against JB

  19. Identificación de asimetrías bilaterales en piezas y cortes porcionados comerciales de canales de bovino procesadas en Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Zorrilla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se identifica la presencia de asimetrías entre el lado izquierdo y el derecho en canales de bovino faenadas en el Rastro Municipal de Guadalajara, Jalisco (México, a partir de la comparación de tres piezas primarias, 30 porcionados comerciales y siete componentes anatomo-estructurales, diferencias agrupadas arbitrariamente en un origen de carácter anatómico, de índole mecánico por el proceso físico de su división y la posible combinación de ambos. El análisis de los datos generados de 20 canales permitió identificar que el riñón, la grasa de la riñonada y el sebo fueron estructuras anatómicas con pesos estadísticamente diferentes (P<0.0178; P<0.0183; P<0.0944, respectivamente cuando se compararon los correspondientes pares izquierdo y derecho. La bandera, el contrapecho, el diezmillo, el pescuezo y el recoveco fueron cortes porcionados estadísticamente diferentes (P<0.0005; P<0.0817; P<0.0859; P<0.0387; P<0.0178, respectivamente cuyo origen se puede adjudicar a factores anatómicos y, posiblemente, mecánicos al momento de su separación física. La única estructura estadísticamente diferente (P<0.0001 entre ambos lados -considerada producto de una influencia de la operación mecánica durante su separación- fue el cuarto anterior de la canal. Estos resultados apoyan la sugerencia de establecer un solo lado de la canal de bovinos en la implementación de normas y sistemas de clasificación, por calidades y rendimientos.

  20. Designing a Municipality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jungersen, Ulrik; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård

    2014-01-01

    Can a municipality be designed? The municipality Kolding in the southern part of Denmark asked this question. The idea emerged as a response to a recognized need for new ways of branding and developing the municipality. It is an ongoing process that was kicked off in 2012 and this paper is theref......Can a municipality be designed? The municipality Kolding in the southern part of Denmark asked this question. The idea emerged as a response to a recognized need for new ways of branding and developing the municipality. It is an ongoing process that was kicked off in 2012 and this paper...... is therefore focusing primarily on the process of changing the perception of how to organize development in a municipality. The most important elements in transforming the whole development setup are described. Finally, a short case describing one of the significant results is included....

  1. Assessment of the levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in blood samples from Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orta-Garcia, Sandra Teresa; León-Moreno, Lilia Carolina; González-Vega, Carolina; Dominguez-Cortinas, Gabriela; Espinosa-Reyes, Guillermo; Pérez-Maldonado, Iván N

    2012-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the blood of children (50 individuals) living in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. We analyzed six PBDE congeners by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Total PBDE levels ranged from not detectable (nd) to 15.2 μg/L on a whole-weight basis and from nd to 6,435 ng/g lipid on a lipid-weight basis. The dominant congener in our study was BDE-153, followed by BDE-154, BDE-99, BDE-100, and BDE-47. Levels of BDE-209 were below the detection limit. Our data indicate that children living in the areas studied in this work are exposed to high levels of PBDEs.

  2. Reformas sin mejora: las leyes de fiscalización superior en Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aimée Figueroa Neri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la evolución del ordenamiento jurídico de la fiscalización superior de Jalisco, México, del año 2000 al 2009 en materia de rendición de cuentas, con el referente de la legislación federal de ese mismo periodo y el contexto nacional. El objetivo es valorar si las reformas a las normas jurídicas jaliscienses apuntaron hacia la mejora de la estructura y sistema de rendición de cuentas. También se incluyen los principales avances detectados, los retrocesos y las áreas de riesgo para el control de los recursos públicos.

  3. Coarse-scale spatial and ecological analysis of tuberculosis in cattle: an investigation in Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Zendejas-Martínez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We have tested the hypothesis that coarse-scale environmental features are associated with spatial variation in bovine tuberculosis (BTB prevalence, based on extensive sampling and testing of cattle in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. Ecological niche models were developed to summarize relationships between BTB occurrences and aspects of climate, topography and surface. Model predictions, however, reflected the distributions of dairy cattle versus beef cattle, and the non-random nature of sampling any cattle, but did not succeed in detecting environmental correlates at spatial resolutions of 1 km. Given that the tests employed seek any predictivity better than random expectations, making the finding of no environmental associations conservative, we conclude that BTB prevalence is independent of coarsescale environmental features.

  4. Prediction of cutability of beef carcasses processed in Jalisco State, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Zorrilla-Ríos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En un estudio previo se reportó la factibilidad de utilizar, en condiciones locales, ecuaciones disponibles de predicción de cortabilidad con base en kilogramos (TRC, o expresada como porcentaje de la canal (TRYD de bovino. Todas las ecuaciones consideradas incluyen variables obtenidas en el cuarteo de una media canal, lo que representa una limitante para su adopción en regiones del país (el estado de Jalisco incluido, en donde la evaluación de las canales —previa a su comercialización— se lleva a cabo sin el cuarteo de la media canal. Esta condición marca la necesidad de disponer de ecuaciones de predicción que no se sustenten en variables generadas con el cuarteo de la media canal, lo que se convirtió en el objetivo de esta investigación. Las ecuaciones de predicción propuestas se basan en los datos obtenidos de la fabricación tipo corte español, de treinta canales de toretes cruza indefinida cebú-europeo y menores a 36 meses de edad, procesadas en condiciones comerciales en una carnicería del municipio de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. El peso de la canal fría mostró una correlación positiva (r=0.98 con el rendimiento de cortes expresados en kilogramos. Un modelo matemático de predicción del peso de los cortes comerciales mostró que la variable de peso de la canal, por sí sola, explicó el 95.60% de la varianza estimada, por lo que se propone como ecuación de predicción bajo estas condiciones.

  5. Contracting private sector providers for public sector health services in Jalisco, Mexico: perspectives of system actors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Luz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Contracting out health services is a strategy that many health systems in the developing world are following, despite the lack of decisive evidence that this is the best way to improve quality, increase efficiency and expand coverage. A large body of literature has appeared in recent years focusing on the results of several contracting strategies, but very few papers have addressed aspects of the managerial process and how this can affect results. Case description This paper describes and analyses the perceptions and opinions of managers and workers about the benefits and challenges of the contracting model that has been in place for almost 10 years in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Both qualitative and quantitative information was collected. An open-ended questionnaire was used to obtain information from a group of managers, while information provided by a self-selected group of workers was collected via a closed-ended questionnaire. The analysis contrasted the information obtained from each source. Discussion and Evaluation Findings show that perceptions of managers and workers vary for most of the items studied. For managers the model has been a success, as it has allowed for expansion of coverage based on a cost-effective strategy, while for workers the model also possesses positive elements but fails to provide fair labour relationships, which negatively affects their performance. Conclusion Perspectives of the two main groups of actors in Jalisco's contracting model are important in the design and adjustment of an adequate contracting model that includes managerial elements to give incentives to worker performance, a key element necessary to achieve the model's ultimate objectives. Lessons learnt from this study could be relevant for the experience of contracting models in other developing countries.

  6. Historic and ancient tsunamis uncovered on the Jalisco-Colima Pacific coast, the Mexican subduction zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Herrera, María Teresa; Bógalo, María Felicidad; Černý, Jan; Goguitchaichvili, Avto; Corona, Néstor; Machain, María Luisa; Edwards, Arturo Carranza; Sosa, Susana

    2016-04-01

    Research on extreme wave events such as tsunamis using the geological record in areas of infrequent and or small magnitude earthquakes can aid in extending the long-term history and recurrence intervals of large events. This information is valuable for risk management and community preparedness in coastal areas. Here we investigate tsunami deposits on the Jalisco coast of Mexico that overlies the subducting Rivera Plate under the North American plate, an area due for a large thrust earthquake and potential tsunami. Here, we apply a full battery of rock-magnetic analyses that also include a detailed AMS study and other typically applied proxies in tsunami deposits research. We present evidence to demonstrate that anomalous sand units with sharp basal contacts at La Manzanilla, Tenacatita Bay, and El Tecuán shore sites on the Jalisco coast may be the products of tsunamis generated by known historical (Ms 8.2 earthquake of 3 June 1932) and other earlier tsunamigenic earthquakes. A sandy unit with a sharp basal contact, flame structures at the base, rip-up clasts at La Manzanilla, and four sand units with sharp basal contact overlying buried soils at El Tecuán, together with other proxies, such as magnetic properties and others, suggest tsunami deposits. 210Pb dating of sediments slightly above the upper sand layer indicate an age A.D. 1935 ± 11 at El Tecuán. Historical accounts of tsunami inundation at both sites provide further evidence that this is most probably the result of the 3 June 1932 tsunami. Hence this study may provide the first evidence of a tsunami triggered by this earthquake and also of three probable predecessors. Further evidence of at least three earlier tsunamis that occurred since the fifteenth century is also evident in the stratigraphy. These events may correspond to events listed in historical archives, namely the 1563, 1816, and/or the 1818 events.

  7. LA FLORIDA: UN CENTRO DE CONTROL EN LA REGIÓN DE BOLAÑOS, ZACATECAS Y JALISCO (La Florida: A control center in the region of Bolaños, Zacatecas and Jalisco)

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos López C.; M.ª Teresa Cabrero G.

    2009-01-01

    Las excavaciones en el sitio arqueológico La Florida, Zacatecas, tuvieron como objetivo confirmar que la hipótesis planteada al inicio del proyecto arqueológico fue correcta al sugerir que un grupo procedente del centro de Jalisco ocupó el cañón de Bolaños con el propósito de establecer una ruta de intercambio comercial que uniera el centro de Jalisco con el norte de México. Dicha hipótesis se basó en la presencia de un patrón arquitectónico circular y tumbas de tiro, ambos rasgos presentes t...

  8. Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana and Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae), three new species from Jalisco, Mexico Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana y Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae), tres nuevas especies de Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos; José Antonio Vázquez-García; Miguel de Jesús Cházaro-Basáñez

    2013-01-01

    Three new species from Jalisco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. These species grow in tropical or in tropical and temperate transitional forests. The 3 species belong to Salvia L. subgenus Calosphace (Benth.) Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González is morphologically similar with section Briquetia Epling. It is characterized by the contrasting vegetative morphology between mature and immature individuals, its relatively large and sessile or sub-sessile leaves (the uppermost amplexicaul...

  9. Ataques de cocodrilo de río (Crocodylus acutus en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: presentación de cinco casos American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus attacks in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: Presentation of five cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.G. Cupul-Magaña

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan cinco casos de ataques por cocodrilos a personas, sin consecuencias fatales, en la región de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (2007-2010. En cuatro de los casos, la víctima sufrió amputación del miembro superior o inferior, y en un caso sólo resultó con mordeduras avulsivas en el brazo. Con la documentación de estos cinco casos, el número de ataques por cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus en la costa del estado mexicano de Jalisco durante los últimos 52 años es de entre 30 y 31. Los resultados muestran un incremento en los ataques entre 0,57 y 0,59 por año. Se describen los casos y se proponen explicaciones sobre los posibles motivos de los ataques por parte de los cocodrilos.Five cases of non-fatal crocodile attacks on people in the region of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico (2007-2010 are presented. In four cases the victim suffered amputation of upper or lower extremity, but only in one case the victim resulted in bitten on the arm. With the documentation of these five cases, the number of attacks by American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus in the coast of the Mexican state of Jalisco for the past 52 years is between 30 and 31. The results show an increase in crocodile attacks from 0,57 to 0,59 per year. We describe the cases and suggest possible explanations for the crocodile's attacks.

  10. Imaging the Jalisco Block and Rivera Plate from Seismicity and Wide Angle Seismic Data from TsuJal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez-Cornú, Francisco J.; Cordoba, Diego; Núñez, Diana; Gutierrez Peña, Quiriart; Escudero, Christian; Zamora Camacho, Araceli; José Dañobeitia, Juan; Bartolomé, Rafael

    2015-04-01

    A crustal model for the northern coast of Jalisco have been obtained from wide angle seismic data from Tsujal experiment using data collected by portable stations and the Jalisco Seismic and Accelerometric Network (RESAJ) permanent seismic stations. This model has been compare with data from the local seismicity recorded in the frame of the project "Mapping the Riviera Subduction Zone" (MARS); a temporary seismic network that was installed in the states of Jalisco, Colima and Michoacán between January 2006 and June 2007, and the data collected from RESAJ. A relocation of all MARS events using Hypo71 and the P-wave velocity model used by the RESAJ. The dataset comprise more than 2,000 earthquakes with local magnitude between 1.4 and 5.9 and depths between 1.0 and 109 km. Some crustal seismicity alignments are observed on the Jalisco Block. The geometry of the slabs is different; both are clearly separated beneath the Colima Graben. The northerly Rivera plate exhibits a curvature or bend, possibly the result of an oblique suduction process, dipping from the trench with an angle of about 10° just south of Bahía Banderas to a dip angle of 25° at the Eastern contact with the Colima Graben. We have produced profiles parallel to the trench, in a profile along the shore line and a second one 50 km inland. A subduction dip angle of 12° towards the SE direction is observed in the Rivera plate in profiles inland from Bahia de Banderas to the Colima Graben, but the seismicity ceases to define the plate for more westerly profiles which enounter the graben.

  11. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E.; Ortiz, Genaro G.; Lucia Ventura-Castro; Árias-Merino, Elva D.; Fermín P. Pacheco-Moisés; Macías-Islas, Miguel A.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotio...

  12. Crustal Architecture at the Collision Zone Between Rivera and North American Plates at the Jalisco Block: Tsujal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Bartolomé, Rafael; Prada, Manel; Nuñez-Cornú, Francisco; Córdoba, Diego; Bandy, William L.; Estrada, F.; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, José Luis; Mortera, Carlos; Ortiz, Modesto

    2016-09-01

    Processing and analysis of new multichannel seismic records, coincident with wide-angle seismic profiles, acquired in the framework of the TsuJal project allow us to investigate in detail the complex structure of the oceanic domain in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Block Jalisco at its northern termination. The subducting Rivera Plate, which is overridden by the North American Plate-Jalisco Block, is clearly identified up to 21.5°N (just south of Maria Magdalena Island) as a two clear reflections that we interpret as the interplate and Moho discontinuities. North of the Tres Marias Islands the seismic images display a different tectonic scenario with structures that are consistent with large faulting and rifted margin. A two-dimensional velocity approach for the crustal geometry is achieved using joint refraction/reflection travel time tomography, the uncertainty of the results is assessed by means of Monte Carlo analysis. Our results show an average oceanic crustal thickness of 6-7 km with a moderate increase towards the Jalisco Block, an anomalous thick layers (~3.0 km) displaying a relatively low velocity (~5.5 km/s) underneath Maria Magdalena Rise, and an estimated Moho depth deeper than 15 km in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. We have also determined an anomalous crust on the western flank of the Tres Marias Islands, which may be related to the initial phases of continental breakup of the Baja California Peninsula and Mexico mainland. High-resolution bathymetry provides remarkable images of intensive slope instabilities marked by relatively large slides scars of more than 40 km2 extent, and mass-wasting deposits probably triggered by the intense seismicity in the area.

  13. The age and composition of the pre-Cenozoic basement of the Jalisco Block: implications for and relation to the Guerrero composite terrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia, Victor A.; Righter, Kevin; Rosas-Elguera, Jose; López-Martínez, Margarita; Grove, Marty

    2013-09-01

    The Jalisco Block is thought to be part of the Guerrero terrane, but the nature and age of the underlying crystalline basement are largely unknown. We have collected a suite of schists, granitoids, and weakly metamorphosed marine sediments from various parts of the Jalisco Block including Atenguillo and Ameca, Mascota and San Sebastián, Cuale, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Mita, Yelapa, and Tomatlán. The schists range in age from 135 to 161 Ma, with many exhibiting Proterozoic and Phanerozoic zircon ages. The granitoids range in age from 65 to 90 Ma, and are calc-alkaline compositionally—similar to granitoids from the Puerto Vallarta and Los Cabos batholiths. The Jalisco granitoids also experienced similar uplift rates to granitoids from the regions to the north and south of the Jalisco Block. The marine sediments yield a maximum depositional age of 131 Ma, and also contain a significant zircon population with ages extending back to the Archean. Granitoids from this study define two age groups, even after the effects of thermal resetting and different closure temperatures are considered. The 66.8-Ma silicic ash flow tuff near Union de Tula significantly expands the extent of this Cretaceous-Paleocene age ash flow tuff unit within the Jalisco Block, and we propose calling the unit "Carmichael silicic ash flow tuff volcanic succession" in honor of Ian Carmichael. The ages of the basement schists in the Jalisco Block fully overlap with the ages of terranes of continental Mexico, and other parts of the Guerrero terrane in the south, confirming the autochthonous origin of the Jalisco Block rather than exotic arc or allochthonous origin. Geologic data, in combination with geochronologic and oxygen isotopic data, suggest the evolution of SW Mexico with an early 200-1,200-Ma passive margin, followed by steep subduction in a continental arc setting at 160-165 Ma, then shallower subduction by 135 Ma, and finally, emplacement of granitoids at 65-90 Ma.

  14. Prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro y yodo, y parasitosis en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México Prevalence of iron and iodine deficiency and parasitosis in children from Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estimar la prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis en niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej, Arandas, Jalisco, México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal efectuado entre 1997 y 1999 con 432 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad, de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se determinaron variables hematológicas, yodo en orina y presencia de parásitos. Se utilizaron las pruebas Ji cuadrada y t de Student en variables no paramétricas y paramétricas. Resultados. Hubo más anemia (20 vs 7.4% p=0.007 y deficiencia de hierro (60.9 vs 44.4% p=0.02 en prescolares que en escolares. El 29% presentaron deficiencia de yodo (10.5% moderada o grave y 47.2% parasitosis. Predominaron G. lamblia y E. histolytica. Bajo salario, sexo masculino y no tener seguridad social se asociaron con parasitosis. Conclusiones. La elevada prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis obliga al sector salud estatal a ejecutar medidas eficaces para abatir estas enfermedades prevenibles.Objective. To estimate the prevalence of iron deficiency, iodine deficiency and parasitosis in children attending the Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco ((Highlands Institute for Development of Jalisco State, INADEJ, Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted between 1997 and 1999, among 432 children aged 12 to 120 months attending the INADEJ. Measurements included hematological values, urine iodine concentration, and presence of parasites. Student's t test chi square tests were used for parametric and non-parametric analysis. Results. The prevalence figures of anemia (20 vs 7.4%, p=0.007 and iron deficiency (60.9 vs 44.4%, p=0.02 were higher in preschool than in school children. Iodine deficiency was found in 29% (10.5% moderate or severe and parasitosis in 47.2% of children, mainly E. histolytica (30.2% and G. lamblia (28.9%. Low income, male gender and lack of social

  15. Extreme Subduction Earthquake Scenarios and their Economical Consequences for Mexico City and Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, M.; Cabrera, E.; Perea, N.

    2007-05-01

    The destructive effects of large magnitude, thrust subduction superficial (TSS) earthquakes on Mexico City (MC) and Guadalajara (G) has been shown in the recent centuries. For example, the 7/04/1845 a TSS earthquake with Ms 7+ and epicentral distance of about 250 km from MC occurred on the coast of the state of Guerrero, a Maximum Mercalli Modified Intensity (MMI) of IX-X was reported in MC. Furthermore, the 19/09/1985 a Ms 8.1, Mw 8.01, TSS earthquake with epicentral distance of about 340 km from MC occurred on the coast of the state of Michoacan, a maximum MMI of IX-X was reported in MC. Also, the largest, Ms 8.2, instrumentally observed TSS earthquake in Mexico, occurred in the Colima-Jalisco region the 3/06/1932, with epicentral distance of the order of 200 km from G in northwestern Mexico. The 9/10/1995 another similar event, Ms 7.4, Mw 8, with an epicentral distance of about 240 km from G, occurred in the same region and produced MMI IX in the epicentral zone and MMI up to VI in G. The frequency of occurrence of large TSS earthquakes in Mexico is poorly known, but it might vary from decades to centuries [1]. On the other hand, the first recordings of strong ground motions in MC dates from the early 1960´s and most of them were recorded after the 19/09/1985 earthquake. In G there is only one recording of the later event, and 13 for the one occurred the 9/10/1995 [2]. In order to fulfill the lack of strong ground motions records for large damaging TSS earthquakes, which could have an important economical impact on MC [3] and G, in this work we have modeled broadband synthetics (obtained with a hybrid model that has already been satisfactorily compared with observations of the 9/10/1995 Colima-Jalisco Mw 8 earthquake, [4]) expected in MC and G, associated to extreme magnitude Mw 8.5, TSS scenario earthquakes with epicenters in the so-called Guerrero gap and in the Colima-Jalisco zone, respectively. The proposed scenarios are based on the seismic history and up

  16. Desarrollo convergente municipal entre estados contiguos a Nayarit y Sinaloa

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    Eduardo Meza-Ramos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis del crecimiento económico registra disparidades sectoriales que se manifiestan en el interior de los países, entre las áreas urbanas y las rurales; entre las regiones prósperas y las rezagadas. En México la política de liberalización comercial no se ha visto reflejada de manera generalizada en la riqueza de la población. Se evaluó la hipótesis de convergencia en el ámbito municipal de los estados de Chihuahua, Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora y Zacatecas; por los datos considerados en el estudio se puede argumentar la existencia de convergencia ¿ y ¿, pues en promedio, la desviación estándar en el año 1989 fue de 1.73 y disminuyó a 1.31 en 2006. La convergencia ¿ describe una relación negativa con un valor absoluto de su estadístico mayor a 2; con 95% de confianza. Cabe señalar que se cuenta con políticas sociales y sectoriales pero se carece de políticas públicas que promuevan el desarrollo regional.

  17. [Water birds from Agua Dulce lake and El Ermitaño estuary, Jalisco, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández Vázquez, Salvador

    2005-01-01

    Waterbird abundance, and seasonal and spatial distribution, were studied in two natural water pools at Jalisco, Mexico, from December 1997 through November 1998. Maximum monthly abundance in Agua Dulce lake and El Ermitaño estuary was 86 471 birds (29 686 in Agua Dulce and 56 785 in Ermitaño), with a total cummulative abundance of 179 808 individuals (66 976 in Agua Dulce and 112 832 in Ermitaño). A total of 87 waterbirds species were recorded, 78 in Agua Dulce and 73 in Ermitaño. The higher species richness and abundance was observed during winter, when migratory species arrived. Most species prefered shallow waters, except seabirds which prefered protected areas such as dunes in Agua Dulce. Other groups, like clucks and related species. prefered low salinity areas, for example in the south-east area of Ermitaño. The higher abundance of the shorehirds was found when the water level on the estuary was low. Herons were seen often at areas with high salinity and influenced by tides (e.g. mouth of Ermitaño).

  18. On the Sound Environment of the City of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico

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    R. R. Boullosa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available An exploration of the sound environment in the city of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico, is presented. A series of interviews were held with 19 residents, of which 7 were undergraduate students, related to the perception of sound in or around places of different zones in the so-called “Viejo Vallarta” (“Old Vallarta”.The purpose was twofold, firstly, to explore the ideas people have relating to the sounds they hear in the city -and in general, the ideas they have relating to peace and tranquility and its possible relation with the sound environment-; secondly, to identify some zones or places that have a particular sound environment - positive or negative. Natural sounds emerged as an important part of the sound identity of the Vallarta region and they seem to be highlyappreciated even when the sound levels are high. Sounds related to nature emerged in all interviews: bird calls, sound of wind rustling through trees, sound of breaking sea waves, etc. The interviewees identified places or zones with a negative sonic identity due to disagreeable or high intensity sounds; traffic flow, and mostly the urban bus, is to be blamed for in the main (some mentioned radios at high volume. A series of sound levels (dBA re 20 μPa at threedifferent times of the year: February, April, and October, 2009 were measured in some locations mentioned by the interviewees. The average sound levels found on those locations considered as having a disagreeable identity were the highest.

  19. Isla del río Cuale (Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

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    Edmundo Andrade Romo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Los destinos turísticos internacionales experimentan cambios continuos y a velocidades generalmente mayores que en ciudades o poblados no turísticos. Esta evolución urbano-turística resulta un excelente tema de investigación para el estudio del patrimonio cultural local y sus implicaciones socioantropológicas, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, uno de los tres destinos turísticos internacionales más importantes de México, no ha sido la excepción. En el presente artículo se advierte como los elementos naturales se transforman en culturales y a través del análisis diacrónico se distinguen los distintos momentos que conforman y explican la identidad local, así como de la elaboración mitológica sobre el origen local. Finalmente se expone la situación actual impactada por el turismo y la percepción social sobre la Isla del río Cuale como el elemento natural-cultural más significativo en la población vallartense.

  20. Escenario sobre el Autismo en Jalisco desde la Legislación actual.

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    Roberto Govela Espinosa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available El día 30 de abril del 2015 se publicó en el Diario Oficial de la Federación, la Ley General para la Atención y Protección a Personas con el Espectro Autista. Un día antes la Cámara de Diputados declaró el 2 de abril como el Día Nacional de la Integración de las Personas con Autismo. Ambos acontecimientos son importantes avances en el apoyo al desarrollo social de las personas con autismo, pero ¿Cuáles son las condiciones socioculturales, y educativas en que viven los menores de edad que tienen la condición autista en el estado de Jalisco? Para analizar esto se realizará una investigación documental de tipo exploratorio – porque desafortunadamente no hay mucha información al respecto - en base a los datos oficiales existente

  1. Tectonic significance of an earthquake sequence in the Zacoalco half-graben, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Javier F.; Mortera-Gutiérrez, Carlos A.; Delgado, Hugo; Singh, Shri K.; Valenzuela, Raúl W.; Shapiro, Nicolai M.; Santoyo, Miguel A.; Hurtado, Alejandro; Barrón, Ricardo; Gutiérrez-Moguel, Esteban

    1999-11-01

    We studied a sequence of small earthquakes that occurred during the months of April and May of 1997, in Jalisco, southwestern Mexico. The earthquakes were located along a set of active faults that form the Zacoalco half-graben (La Lima fault system), west of Lake Chapala, within the rift-rift-rift triple junction. A total of 33 events were located, with magnitudes ranging from 1.5 to 3.5, recorded by a portable array of broadband seismographs. We identified two groups of events: one corresponding to a shallow normal fault, synthetic to La Lima fault system, and another group associated with a deeper fault. The events that occurred on the synthetic fault show normal faulting oriented on a NW-SE plane, dipping shallowly towards the SW. The other group of mechanisms showed either a normal fault oriented NW-SE and dipping steeply to the NE, or a very shallow-dipping normal fault, dipping to the SW. Earthquake distribution and fault plane solutions suggest that the Zacoalco half-graben developed from blocks that rotate as slip occurs on listric faults. These mechanisms could represent the type of motion expected for larger earthquakes in the area, like the one that occurred in 1568.

  2. Representación social que los adolescentes de Jalisco, México, tienen de la detección precoz del cáncer de mama

    OpenAIRE

    Amparo Tapia Curiel; Martha Villaseñor Farías; Bertha Lidia Nuño Gutiérrez; Aída Araceli Rodríguez Carlos; Efraín Salas González; José Luis López López,

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Mostrar la representación social que tienen de la detección precoz del cáncer de mama los adolescentes de Jalisco, México. Diseño: Cualitativo transversal, tipo analítico-interpretativo y fundamentado en la teoría de las representaciones sociales. Muestreo no probabilístico. Emplazamiento: Contacto con escuelas de nivel educativo básico de 7 municipios del Estado de Jalisco, México, a través de diversas instituciones gubernamentales y educativas. Participantes: Ciento trein...

  3. ESCO in Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Hansen, Jesper Rohr; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    2013-01-01

    whether ESCO might lead to new ways of working with energy efficiency in public buildings, and possibly generate innovation in the public sector. There is already some evidence from the municipalities that on-going ESCO projects have led to new ambitious initiatives and plans for energy savings...... mainly been used in the industry so far, but in recent years more and more municipalities have taken up ESCO initiatives, in order to retrofit existing public buildings, and to make them more energy efficient. ESCO is in many ways a new way of collaboration for Danish municipalities, and therefore......, or as a possible contrast, a 'once in a lifetimeexperience' for municipalities. The paper is based on an on-going research project, which aims to identify the opportunities and barriers of applying ESCO in the Danish housing market. The results are therefore preliminary....

  4. Municipal Building Energy Usage

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This data set contains energy use data from 2009-2014 for 139 municipally operated buildings. Metrics include: Site & Source EUI, annual electricity, natural...

  5. Analyzing changes in the beef cattle ranching communities of acatic and tepatitlan de morelos, jalisco, Mexico related to land cover and climate variability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trevino-Pena, Melva B.

    The impacts of climate change on the environment at the global scale can be determined through the use of large-scale circulation models; however, the results from these models are difficult to interpret at the regional or local levels. Regional vulnerability analyses consider the knowledge of locals, which may provide insight into the effects of climate variability on the environment at smaller scales, and most importantly, the effects that these developments are having on society. The objective of this research was to analyze the vulnerability to climate variability of the beef cattle ranching communities of the municipalities of Acatic and of Tepatitlan de Morelos, Jalisco, Mexico. These municipalities are found in a region of the state referred to as "Los Altos". The economy of Los Altos largely relies on agricultural and farming practices; these sectors provide the largest source of employment in the area. In the two municipalities that comprise the study area, the beef cattle industry is one of the strongest economic activities. Climate variability poses great threat on these communities because the main economic activities of the region are highly dependent on natural resources. To have a better understanding of the human-environment interactions in this region, remote sensing methods were applied. Three Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images (years: 1985, 1993 and 2000) were employed to generate land use and land cover classification maps of the study area; these maps were then subjected to a change detections analysis. Some of the land use and land cover categories experienced more change than others; among those was the category of water, shrub land and crop land. The area covered by water nearly doubled from 1985 to 1993 and then nearly decreased by half by the year 2000. From 1985 to 1993, here was a decrease in the shrub land of about 1200 ha and concurrently an increase in the crop land of about 1400 ha. From 1993 to 2000 there was an increase in the

  6. El Real de Minas de Bolaños, Jalisco, en el siglo xviii : transformaciones territoriales y cambios sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Rubén Ruiz Medrano

    2014-01-01

    en el presente artículo se muestra la forma en que la minería desarrollada en Bolaños durante el siglo xviii cons - tituyó un poderoso incentivo para subordinar el territorio adyacente a nuevas lógicas comerciales, que lo transfor - maron y tuvieron efectos distintos en las comunidades indígenas situadas en las Fronteras de San Luis Colotlán, Jalisco. Un fenómeno multifactorial que ejerció presión directa sobre las identidades étnicas, al tiempo que desató conflictos sociales que se desplegar...

  7. Tectónica de placas y la Evolución del Bloque Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Stock, Joann M.

    1993-01-01

    El Bloque Jalisco representa lo que se reconoce como un bloque tectónico, o microplaca, mas o mer os rigido (Fig. 1a). Sabemos que se mueve de manera independiente con respecto a las placas circundantes (Rivera y Norte America) a traves de dos zonas de deformación continental (el rift o graben de Tepic-Zacoalco y el rift o graben de Colima) ya lo largo de una zona de subduccion en su límite costero con la placa oceanica de Rivera. Los rifts de Tepic-Zacoalco y de Co...

  8. Dynamics of thermal inversions on Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia, R.; Tereshchenko, I.; Perez, D. A.; Lizarraga, S. J.; Thermal Inversions, Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara

    2013-05-01

    This work attempts an analysis of the dynamics of the meteorological variables in the lower troposphere in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara (ZMG), Jalisco, Mexico. It was used the radiosonde database 2000-2012, and a classification of synoptic situations typical for different inversions occurring. Preliminary results indicate that surface temperature inversions dominate the climate of the study area, mainly recorded two times during the year. An investment without matching the rainy season and covers the months of June to September where investments are recorded at a frequency below 41%. And a station with investments in the type of radiation surface which covers the months of January to May and November to December, with a frequency above 86% in October as month leaving transition with a frequency of 64%. As surface temperature inversions which most affect human activity in the ZMG by not allowing the dispersion of pollutants, the results show that these investments have a thickness ranging from 50 to 250 meters high, covering this range for 85% of the investments registered with respect to the temperature difference between the base and the apex of the observed reversal of between 1°C to 12°C, where the average is 5°C and 7 °C. While this shows that during most of the year there are temperature inversions in the ZMG, this does not mean that every day you will have concentration of pollutants above the norm, this is due to the influence of synoptic scale phenomena mainly to a combination of large anticyclonic systems of the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic, affecting mostly Mexico during the months of December to February, alternating with waves of Western middle latitudes.

  9. The 18 May 2012 (Ms 4.5) Chapala Lake, Jalisco, Mexico Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, J.; Espindola, J. M.

    2015-12-01

    The central part of Jalisco, Mexico has experienced at different times the occurrence of low magnitude earthquakes series. Although the effect of these earthquakes have been limited to relatively small areas have caused general alarm within the population and even in some cases true catastrophes (e.g. San Cristobal 1875). These groups of earthquakes that have lasted for weeks and even months have greater importance because they affect the most populous state area including the capital city of Guadalajara. An extraordinary example of these series of earthquakes occurred on 8 may 1912 that lasted until September. In the first 18 days 64 events were felt by residents of Guadalajara. Since then, there has been a relative seismic activity calm in the region. This paper analyzes the earthquake of May 18, 2012 (03:07 UT) occurred at the West edge of Lake Chapala. While it's an event of low magnitude (4.5 Ms) it has the importance of having occurred just 60 km to the South of Guadalajara and for which instrumental data of first quality is available. The focus of the earthquake was located at 20.30 ° N and 103.49 ° W at a depth of 0 km using arrivals of P and S waves at 16 regional seismic stations. However, by the errors of localization inherent in the method focus could be in a range of 0 to 5 km deep. The mechanism of failure using the polarities of the first arrivals favors a clear faulting of dip slip type along a plane with strike = 227 °, Dip = 80 °, and Rake = 93 °. Waveforms analysis is being used to corroborate these results.

  10. Tectonic control of the damaged areas by land subsidence: Ameca, Jalisco Mexico, a study case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosas-Elguera, J.; Malagon, A.; Maciel, R.; Alatorre, M. A.; Perez, G.

    2009-04-01

    The Miocene to Quaternary Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (TMVB), one of the largest mexican volcanic arcs built on the North America plate, covers about 1000 km along central Mexico from the Pacific ocean to the Gulf of Mexico. The structure of west-central Mexico is dominated by a complex assemblage of crustal blocks bounded by major tectonic structures of the TMVB. These are the NW-SE Tepic-Zacoalco, the N-S Colima, and the E-W Chapala grabens, which separate the Jalisco and Michoacan blocks from the stable North American plate. The three grabens join south of Guadalajara to form what has been long interpreted as an active triple junction. The Tepic-Zacoalco rift is composed of the eastern part of the Plan de Barrancas-Santa Rosa graben and by the Ameca and Zacoalco half-grabens. The Ameca city is located in the Ameca half-graben. From 80´s several houses and buildings (more than 300) have been affected by land subsidence for more than two decades. The damage area follows a specific pattern with NW trend which is similar to the regional faults. The land subsidence is associated with the water extraction. We suggest that the distribution of the damage area is controlled by the fault system in combination with the water extraction. Because of the Ameca half-graben has been affected by historical and present day earthquakes and considering the subsurface geology (sandstones, siltstone intercalated with conglomerates) sudden collapses can be expected.

  11. Actualización del Atlas Bioclimático del estado de Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermes Ulises Ramírez Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta nueva versión del Atlas Bioclimático del estado de Jalisco, se hace una descripción más detallada de las condiciones climáticas por municipios del estado, ob- tenidas a partir de una metodología más actualizada y con una mayor base de datos meteorológicos, que en la versión anterior, realizada por Gómez Amador en SEMADES (2009. Se utilizaron los datos procesados de las Normales Clima- tológicas de 1971-2000 del Servicio Meteorologico Nacional (SMN de la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA. Los mapas fueron elaborados en el sistema de información geográfica (SIG ArcGis 9.3, con temporalidad mensual y anual. Se observa que en los meses de enero a mayo el bioclima predominante en la mayoría del estado es el seco extremoso, seguido del templado y frío, pero a partir del mes de junio el dominante cambia a cálido, seguido del templado. El mes de julio vuelve a cambiar predominando el templado, seguido de los cálidos, y agosto se caracteriza por tener bioclimas cálidos; posteriormente, de septiembre a octubre se vuelven a presentar los templados seguidos de los cálidos. Finalmente en noviembre y diciembre reaparece el seco extremoso como dominante y resurgen los templados y frío. En cuanto a la distribución anual, dado que los promedios equilibran los valores extremos, la mayoría del estado presenta bioclima templado.

  12. Fault-slip distribution of the 1995 Colima-Jalisco, Mexico, earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, C.; Hartzell, S.

    1999-01-01

    Broadband teleseismic P waves have been analyzed to recover the rupture history of the large (M(s) 7.4) Colima-Jalisco, Mexico, shallow interplate thrust earthquake of 9 October 1995. Ground-displacement records in the period range of 1-60 sec are inverted using a linear, finite-fault waveform inversion procedure that allows a variable dislocation duration on a prescribed fault. The method is applied using both a narrow fault that simulates a line source with a dislocation window of 50 sec and a wide fault with a possible rise time of up to 20 sec that additionally allows slip updip and downdip from the hypocenter. The line-source analysis provides a spatio-temporal image of the slip distribution consisting of several large sources located northwest of the hypocenter and spanning a range of rupture velocities. The two-dimensional finite-fault inversion allows slip over this rupture-velocity range and indicates that the greatest coseismic displacement (3-4 m) is located between 70 and 130 km from the hypocenter at depths shallower than about 15 km. Slip in this shallow region consists of two major sources, one of which is delayed by about 10 sec relative to a coherent propagation of rupture along the plate interface. These two slip sources account for about one-third of the total P-wave seismic moment of 8.3 X 1027 dyne-cm (M(w) 7.9) and may have been responsible for the local tsunami observed along the coast following the earthquake.

  13. Scenarios of metal concentrations in the Arcediano Dam (State of Jalisco, Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Anne M; Gonzalez-Marquez, Luis C

    2010-01-01

    The city of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico has 4.1 million inhabitants and a serious deficit in water supply. Once constructed, the Arcediano Dam will catch waters from the Verde and Santiago rivers, and after treatment will provide water to the city. The present study was undertaken to formulate scenarios and estimate risks of polluting the water that will be collected in the dam from the release of contaminants accumulated in sediments. Desorption of metals from sediments was estimated through sampling of water and sediments, chemical analyses of the environmental samples, and numerical modeling of the water-sediment interactions. Water quality generally increased as the river flowed downstream from the El Salto sampling station to the site where the Arcediano Dam will be constructed. Aluminum exceeded the Mexican Criterion for Drinking Water Supply (MCDWS), at all sampling stations, whereas iron and manganese surpassed the criteria at some stations. Trace metals were below their respective criteria. For sediment samples in the river, chrome, copper and zinc exceeded the Canadian Interim Sediment Quality Guidelines (ISQG), whereas manganese and nickel exceeded the probable effect level (PEL). Other metals were below these limits. With exception of the El Salto sampling station, metals were mostly enriched in iron-containing sediments, followed by aluminum-containing clays and, to a lesser extent, by manganese oxides. Therefore, the interaction of metals with iron oxides was considered as the controlling adsorption mechanism. Simulations to estimate risks of water contamination by desorption of metals from sediments indicate that manganese and nickel may reach concentrations higher than the CDWS. In some cases, dissolved concentrations of lead and chrome may be higher than the respective CDWS, especially under conditions of high accumulation of sediments in the dam. Arsenic, copper and mercury concentrations did not exceed the CDWS under the simulated conditions

  14. Acuacultura rural en la Costa Sur de Jalisco: caso de estudio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. García-Ulloa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La acuicultura ha contribuido desde siempre a la mitigación de la pobreza en áreas rurales cuya subsistencia depende parcial o totalmente de actividades acuícolas, ya sea de extracción o producción. En base a dicho fundamento, se realizó un ciclo de cultivo de tilapia en jaulas en el embalse concesionado a la comunidad de Las Guásimas, Jalisco, para evaluar su potencial de producción y para establecer una alternativa laboral afín a la pesca tradicional que ahí se practica, bajo la supervisión in situ, del personal de un centro de investigación. Bajo condiciones de baja salinidad en el agua, se observó un adecuado crecimiento promedio de los animales (1.2 g/d sin presentar enfermedades. Los peces alcanzaron la talla mínima de venta (> 150 g en 81 días de cultivo, logrando un 90% de supervivencia final. Despuésde la cosecha y venta de todos los peces cultivados, se discuten aspectos de producción (densidad, costos, uso de organismos monosexo, etcétera, sociales (generación de empleos, inclusión de adolescentes y mujeres en el proceso de producción, entre otros y se identifican problemáticas operativas de diversa índole (limitantes del lugar, formalización en la participación de los miembros de la cooperativa, etcétera, ubicando el cultivo de tilapia en jaulas como una alternativa real y patente con necesidad de apoyo inmediato por parte de programas privados o gubernamentales integrales para mejorar la calidad de vida de comunidades rurales.

  15. Representative of the municipality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows. The decommissioning of the Vandellos-I nuclear power plant was a big challenge for the host community of Vandellos i l'Hospitalet de l'Infant and the close-by region. Closing down of the facility resulted in a rise of unemployment and a decrease of municipal income. The public was concerned with three issues: safety, transparency and information about the decommissioning, and economic future. Therefore, from the very beginning, municipal governments entered into negotiations with ENRESA on socio-economic benefits, including local employment in dismantling activities, and other types of financial and non-financial compensation. The ADE business association, i.e. a network of business organisations was created that guided the allotment of work to local firms. To satisfy public demand, local municipalities focused on the triad of safety, dialogue and local development, considered the three 'pillars of trust'. A Municipal Monitoring Commission was created, made up of representatives of affected municipalities, the regional government, the ADE business association, trade unions, the local university, the NPP management and ENRESA to monitor the dismantling process and regularly inform the local public. Items that were handled by this Commission included: - Work process monitoring. - Workers. - Materials Control. - Conventional and radioactive or contaminated waste management. - Emanation waste management (liquid and gas) - Safety (training and accidents). - Surveillance (radiological and environmental: dust, noise). - Effects. - Fulfillment of agreed conditions. A number of communication tools and channels were used, e.g., public information meetings, an information centre, the municipal magazine, the municipal radio station, and meetings with representatives of the local press. Particularly innovative was the idea to ask academics from the University of Tarragona to help with 'translating' technical information into language that could

  16. Estimación de la exposición a fluoruros en Los Altos de Jalisco, México Estimation of exposure to fluoride in "Los Altos de Jalisco", México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Hurtado-Jiménez

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar la exposición a fluoruros y riesgos potenciales a la salud humana en Los Altos de Jalisco, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se midió electroquímicamente la concentración de fluoruros en 105 pozos y seis tomas de agua potable, en los Altos de Jalisco, de mayo a julio de 2002. Se estimó la dosis de exposición y la ingestión total de fluoruros para: bebés de 10 kg, niños de 20 kg y adultos de 70 kg. RESULTADOS: La concentración de fluoruros en las muestras de agua varió entre 0.1 y 17.7 mg/l. El 45% de las muestras excede el límite permitido por la normatividad (1.5 mg/l. La ingestión total y dosis de exposición a fluoruros estimados están en los rangos de 0.5-18.4 mg/d y 0.04-1.8 mg/kg/d, respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: Una parte importante de la población está expuesta a fluorosis dental, fluorosis esquelética y fracturas óseas. Para reducir los riesgos se debe evitar el consumo de sal fluorada, pastas dentales con flúor y agua potable cuya concentración de fluoruros sea mayor de 0.7 mg/l.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the level of fluoride exposure and human health risks in Los Altos de Jalisco (Jalisco State Heights region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted between May and July 2002. The fluoride concentrations of 105 water wells and six tap water samples were electrochemically measured. Exposure doses to fluoride and total intake of fluoride were estimated for babies (10 kg, children (20 kg, and adults (70 kg. RESULTS: The fluoride concentration of the water samples ranged from 0.1 to 17.7 mg/l. More than 45% of the water samples exceeded the national guideline value for fluoride of 1.5 mg/l. The estimated values of the exposure doses to fluoride and total intake of fluoride were in the range of 0.04-1.8 mg/kg/d and 0.5-18.4 mg/d, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, and bone fractures are some of the potential health risks due to the intake of high doses of fluoride for the

  17. Characterization and Relocation of Seismic Clusters in the Area of Bahia de Banderas, Jalisco-Nayarit, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutz Lopez, M.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Carmona, E.

    2004-12-01

    We analysed the seismic activity that took place the year of 2003 in the area of Bahia de Banderas, between the states of Jalisco and Nayarit, registrated with a local network of 7 stations, which belongs to the Civil Defence of Jalisco and the University of Guadalajara. 400 events have been located, in these earthquakes we identified some series of a similar waveforms. For defining this similarity between seismic events and in order to classify them into clusters, we have applied the cross-correlation method of the P and S arrivals. We found a fourth part of epicentres gathered into 15 clusters of 3-25 events. For some clusters we used relocations relative to a master event. Located south of Bahia de Banderas exist clusters aligned along structures trending N-S in the area of Tuito. This trend agrees with the topographic relief of the area. Other clustes can be related with active tectonic structures at north of Cajon de Peñas dam (Tomatlan). Another cluster was identified at the East, Amatlan de Cañas-Ameca area, and one more in the center of the Bahia de Banderas.

  18. Prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro y yodo, y parasitosis en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vásquez-Garibay Edgar Manuel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estimar la prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis en niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej, Arandas, Jalisco, México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal efectuado entre 1997 y 1999 con 432 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad, de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se determinaron variables hematológicas, yodo en orina y presencia de parásitos. Se utilizaron las pruebas Ji cuadrada y t de Student en variables no paramétricas y paramétricas. Resultados. Hubo más anemia (20 vs 7.4% p=0.007 y deficiencia de hierro (60.9 vs 44.4% p=0.02 en prescolares que en escolares. El 29% presentaron deficiencia de yodo (10.5% moderada o grave y 47.2% parasitosis. Predominaron G. lamblia y E. histolytica. Bajo salario, sexo masculino y no tener seguridad social se asociaron con parasitosis. Conclusiones. La elevada prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis obliga al sector salud estatal a ejecutar medidas eficaces para abatir estas enfermedades prevenibles.

  19. Municipal energy managers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 1 and 2 July, municipal energy managers from all over Europe met in Stuttgart, Germany. On these two days, more the 150 participants form 22 countries listened to presentations, took part in excursions to cutting-edge energy conservation projects in Stuttgart and, above all, participated in a broad array of workshops presented by experts firmly grounded in local practice. 27 experts drawn from 11 European countries showcased their projects and imparted their experience. The event has been accompanied by an exhibition of companies and service providers offering energy-conservation products and planning services. The first workshop dealt with energy management in Europe and examples from different active municipalities; the second one with energy management in Germany and best practice in the leading cities; the third one with non-municipal and European projects. (A.L.B.)

  20. Esco in Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Hansen, Jesper Rohr; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    , with relatively few buildings, energy retrofitting and low investments, the integrative and strategic approach include a higher degree of partnership, a more ambitious building renovation approach, and more innovative understandings of facilities management. We also compare ESCO with energy retrofitting as an in......Purpose: The aim of this paper is to discuss the possible benefits of involving Energy Service Companies (ESCO) in realising energy savings in municipalities, and how ESCO projects can be formulated very differently in the various municipalities, according to building volume, use of technologies...... approaches are being used in Danish municipalities, which we label the basic, the integrated and the strategic ESCO approaches. The three approaches include different ambitions, technologies, economies and innovation potentials. Whereas the basic approach implies a ‘traditional’ guarantee-based model...

  1. Esco in Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Hansen, Jesper Rohr; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    2012-01-01

    , with relatively few buildings, energy retrofitting and low investments, the integrative and strategic approach include a higher degree of partnership, a more ambitious building renovation approach, and more innovative understandings of facilities management. We also compare ESCO with energy retrofitting as an in......Purpose: The aim of this paper is to discuss the possible benefits of involving Energy Service Companies (ESCO) in realising energy savings in municipalities, and how ESCO projects can be formulated very differently in the various municipalities, according to building volume, use of technologies...... approaches are being used in Danish municipalities, which we label the basic, the integrated and the strategic ESCO approaches. The three approaches include different ambitions, technologies, economies and innovation potentials. Whereas the basic approach implies a ‘traditional’ guarantee-based model...

  2. Validación de un instrumento para vigilar la inseguridad alimentaria en la Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco Validation of an instrument to monitor food insecurity in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Validar una versión de la Escala de Seguridad Alimentaria (FSS en comunidades de la Sierra de Manatlán, Jalisco. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Usando grupos focales se modificó la FSS. Posteriormente se aplicó una encuesta a mujeres con niños preescolares. La FSS se validó correlacionándola con el inventario de alimentos del hogar y con la variedad de dieta de la entrevistada. La encuesta incluyó un cuestionario socio-económico. RESULTADOS: El 44% de los hogares indicaron inseguridad alimentaria leve, 33% hambre moderada y 19.7% hambre severa. La inseguridad alimentaria estuvo inversamente correlacionada con el inventario de alimentos (r=-0.36**, alimentos de origen animal (r=-0.28**, lácteos (r=-0.25**, alimentos procesados (r=-0.37**, frutas (r=-0.21* y verduras (r=-0.28**; *pOBJECTIVE: To validate a version of the Food Security Scale (FSS in communities located in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using focus groups, the FSS was modified to fit the Mexican context. Subsequently, a survey was applied to women with pre-school aged children. The FSS was validated in correlation with a household food inventory and the dietary variety of the individual being interviewed. The interview also included a socioeconomic questionnaire. RESULTS: Forty-four percent of the households reported mild food insecurity, 33% reported moderate hunger and 19.7% reported severe hunger. Food insecurity was significantly and inversely correlated with the number of food items in the household (r=-0.36**, animal source foods (r=-0.28**, dairy products (r=-0.25*, processed foods (r=-0.37**, fruits (r=-0.21*, and vegetables (r=-0.28**; *p<0.05, **p< 0.01. Food insecurity was also associated with low dietary variety (r=-0.23, p=0.02. These associations were maintained in multivariate models. CONCLUSIONS: The FSS is a useful tool for monitoring food insecurity in rural regions of Jalisco.

  3. Evaluación de la exposición a selenio en Los Altos de Jalisco, México Evaluation of the exposure to selenium in Los Altos de Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Hurtado-Jiménez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar la exposición a selenio (Se vía agua potable en los habitantes de Los Altos de Jalisco. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se determinó la concentración de Se en 125 pozos y se estimaron los niveles de exposición a Se en bebés, niños y adultos. RESULTADOS: La dosis de exposición y la ingestión de Se vía agua potable variaron en los siguientes rangos: a bebés: 1.3-6.7 µg/kg/d y 12.6-67.2 µg/d; b niños: 0.8-4.5 µg/kg/d y 16.8-89.6 µg/d; c adultos: 0.6-3.0 µg/kg/d y 33.6-179.2 µg/d. CONCLUSIONES: En este caso, la exposición a Se representa un riesgo potencial para la salud de la población, ya que en la mayoría de los casos es mayor que la recomendada por organismos internacionales de salud. Sin embargo, no es tan alta como para esperar la ocurrencia de selenosis.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the exposure to selenium in drinking water in Los Altos de Jalisco (Jalisco State Heights. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentration of selenium was determined in 125 water wells, and the exposure doses to selenium were estimated for babies, children and adults. RESULTS: The estimated values of the exposure doses to selenium and total intake of selenium were in the following ranges, respectively: (a babies: 1.3-6.7 µg/kg/d and 12.6-67.2 µg/d; (b children: 0.8-4.5 µg/kg/d and 16.8-89.6 µg/d, (c adults: 0.6-3.0 µg/kg/d and 33.6-179.2 µg/d. CONCLUSIONS: The estimated exposure levels to selenium were higher than those recommended as optimum by international health organizations, representing a potential health risk. Nevertheless, estimated values are not high enough to produce selenosis.

  4. Patrones de distribución geográfica de los mamíferos de Jalisco, México Mammal geographic distribution patterns in Jalisco State, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismael Ramos-Vizcaíno

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron los patrones de distribución de la riqueza de mamíferos en el estado de Jalisco y sus relaciones con algunos factores ambientales. Se obtuvo información de registros de mamíferos de Jalisco de diferentes colecciones biológicas nacionales y extranjeras. Se utilizaron las localidades de recolecta para realizar una cobertura de puntos. El estado se dividió en 159 unidades de clasificación geográfica (UCG´s de 15' por 15'. Se sobrepuso la cobertura de puntos, las UCG y algunos mapas de CONABIO para formar una matriz de presencia-ausencia. Se analizó la distribución de la riqueza por tipo de vegetación y altitud. Se observó un gradiente de riqueza que va desde las zonas tropicales hasta las semiáridas. Por altitud, la mayor riqueza se encontró entre los 1500 y 2000 m y la menor de los 4000 a 4500 m. Se aplicó una ordenación de Bray-Curtis y una clasificación con TWINSPAN. Ambas fueron consistentes en formar 2 grupos de mamíferos; uno con especies de la costa y el otro del noreste del estado, lo que refleja un gradiente climático. El porcentaje de variación acumulada fue del 94% y las variables del medio con mayor influencia fueron precipitación, temperatura, evaporación, altitud y vegetación.We analyzed the patterns of distribution of mammal species richness in Jalisco State and their relationships with some environmental factors. We retrieved distribution data from several national and foreign biological collections. We used the collecting localities to generate a spatial record of distribution points. The state was divided into 159 geographic units of classification (GUC's of 15' by 15'. We overlap the point cover, GUCs and some maps from CONABIO to create a presence-absence matrix. We analyzed the richness distribution by vegetation type and elevation. A richness gradient was observed from tropical to semiarid vegetation types and according to elevation; we observed higher richness between 1500 and 2000 m a. s

  5. Microbiological safety of domestic refrigerators and the dishcloths used to clean them in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macías-Rodríguez, M E; Navarro-Hidalgo, V; Linares-Morales, J R; Olea-Rodríguez, M A; Villarruel-López, A; Castro-Rosas, J; Gómez-Aldapa, C A; Torres-Vitela, M R

    2013-06-01

    Household refrigerators are a potential pathogen contamination source for foods. An evaluation of the microbiological safety of 200 refrigerators in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, was made by visual inspection, ATP-bioluminescence levels, indicator microorganisms including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, and the presence of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella. Additionally, interviews of the owners of the refrigerators were carried out to determine relationships between food storage practices, demographic aspects, and microbiological status. Dishcloths used to clean refrigerators were also analyzed. Operational conditions (cleanliness, fullness, organization, frequency of cleaning, and temperature) were evaluated by trained observers. Results showed deficient cleanliness in 55% of refrigerators, 22% were completely full, 43% very disorganized, 28% were usually cleaned only once in 3 to 6 months, and 53% had internal temperatures >7.1°C. ATP-bioluminescence levels were >300 relative light units on 67 and 74% of shelves and drawers, respectively, indicating that surfaces were dirty according to the luminometer manufacturer. Psychrotrophic aerobic bacteria counts on shelves, drawers, and dishcloths were 6.3, 5.2, and 6.3 log CFU/cm(2); for coliform bacteria, 5.2, 3.9, and 4.7 CFU/cm(2); for E. coli, 3.7, 3.5, and 4.8 CFU/cm(2); and for Staphylococcus aureus, 2.1, 2.5, and 2.3 CFU/cm(2), respectively. L. monocytogenes and Salmonella were isolated from 59.5, 20.5, and 17% and 32.5, 8.0 and 12.5% of shelves, drawers, and dishcloths, respectively. Four Salmonella serotypes and nine serogroups (partially serotyped isolates) were identified. The most prevalent were Salmonella Anatum (39.5%), Salmonella group E1 (19.7%), and Salmonella group E1 monophasic (12.5%). Operational conditions and microbiological status were clearly deficient in sampled refrigerators, highlighting the consequent risk of foodborne disease among users. Educational programs are needed to

  6. Microbiological safety of domestic refrigerators and the dishcloths used to clean them in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macías-Rodríguez, M E; Navarro-Hidalgo, V; Linares-Morales, J R; Olea-Rodríguez, M A; Villarruel-López, A; Castro-Rosas, J; Gómez-Aldapa, C A; Torres-Vitela, M R

    2013-06-01

    Household refrigerators are a potential pathogen contamination source for foods. An evaluation of the microbiological safety of 200 refrigerators in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, was made by visual inspection, ATP-bioluminescence levels, indicator microorganisms including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, and the presence of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella. Additionally, interviews of the owners of the refrigerators were carried out to determine relationships between food storage practices, demographic aspects, and microbiological status. Dishcloths used to clean refrigerators were also analyzed. Operational conditions (cleanliness, fullness, organization, frequency of cleaning, and temperature) were evaluated by trained observers. Results showed deficient cleanliness in 55% of refrigerators, 22% were completely full, 43% very disorganized, 28% were usually cleaned only once in 3 to 6 months, and 53% had internal temperatures >7.1°C. ATP-bioluminescence levels were >300 relative light units on 67 and 74% of shelves and drawers, respectively, indicating that surfaces were dirty according to the luminometer manufacturer. Psychrotrophic aerobic bacteria counts on shelves, drawers, and dishcloths were 6.3, 5.2, and 6.3 log CFU/cm(2); for coliform bacteria, 5.2, 3.9, and 4.7 CFU/cm(2); for E. coli, 3.7, 3.5, and 4.8 CFU/cm(2); and for Staphylococcus aureus, 2.1, 2.5, and 2.3 CFU/cm(2), respectively. L. monocytogenes and Salmonella were isolated from 59.5, 20.5, and 17% and 32.5, 8.0 and 12.5% of shelves, drawers, and dishcloths, respectively. Four Salmonella serotypes and nine serogroups (partially serotyped isolates) were identified. The most prevalent were Salmonella Anatum (39.5%), Salmonella group E1 (19.7%), and Salmonella group E1 monophasic (12.5%). Operational conditions and microbiological status were clearly deficient in sampled refrigerators, highlighting the consequent risk of foodborne disease among users. Educational programs are needed to

  7. Empirical evaluation of confidence and prediction intervals for spatial models of forest structure in Jalisco, Mexico

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robin M. Reich; C. Aguirre-Bravo; Vanessa A. Bravo; Martin Mendoza Brise(n)o

    2011-01-01

    In recent years there has been an increasing interest in developing spatial statistical models for data sets that are seemingly spatially independent.This lack of spatial structure makes it difficult, if not impossible to use optimal predictors such as ordinary kriging for modeling the spatial variability in the data.In many instances, the data still contain a wealth of information that could be used to gain flexibility and precision in estimation.In this paper we propose using a combination of regression analysis to describe the large-scale spatial variability in a set of survey data and a tree-based stratification design to enhance the estimation process of the small-scale spatial variability.With this approach,sample units (i.e., pixel of a satellite image) are classified with respect to predictions of error attributes into homogeneous classes, and the classes are then used as strata in the stratified analysis.Independent variables used as a basis of stratification included terrain data and satellite imagery.A decision rule was used to identify a tree size that minimized the error in estimating the variance of the mean response and prediction uncertainties at new spatial locations.This approach was applied to a set of n=937 forested plots from a state-wide inventory conducted in 2006 in the Mexican State of Jalisco.The final models accounted for 62% to 82% of the variability observed in canopy closure (%), basal area (m2·ha-l), cubic volumes (m3·ha-1) and biomass (t·ha-1) on the sample plots.The spatial models provided unbiased estimates and when averaged over all sample units in the population, estimates of forest structure were very close to those obtained using classical estimates based on the sampling strategy used in the state-wide inventory.The spatial models also provided unbiased estimates of model variances leading to confidence and prediction coverage rates close to the 0.95 nominal rate.

  8. A reconnaissance geochemical study of La Primavera geothermal area, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahood, G.A.; Truesdell, A.H.; Templos, M.L.A.

    1983-01-01

    The Sierra La Primavera, a late Pleistocene rhyolitic caldera complex in Jalisco, Me??xico, contains fumaroles and large-discharge 65??C hot springs that are associated with faults related to caldera collapse and to later magma insurgence. The nearly-neutral, sodium bicarbonate, hot springs occur at low elevations at the margins of the complex, whereas the water-rich fumaroles are high and central. The Comisio??n Federal de Electricidad de Me??xico (CFE) has recently drilled two deep holes at the center of the Sierra (PR-1 and Pr-2) and one deep hole at the western margin. Temperatures as high as 285??C were encountered at 1160 m in PR-1, which produced fluids with 820 to 865 mg/kg chloride after flashing to one atmosphere. Nearby, PR-2 encountered temperatures to 307??C at 2000 m and yielded fluids with chloride contents fluctuating between 1100 and 1560 mg/kg after flashing. Neither of the high-temperature wells produced steam in commercial quantities. The well at the western margin of the Sierra produced fluids similar to those from the hot springs. The temperature reached a maximum of 100??C near the surface and decreased to 80??C at 2000 m. Various geothermometers (quartz conductive, Na/K, Na-K-Ca, ??18O(SO4-H2O) and D/H (steam-water) all yield temperatures of 170 ?? 20??C when applied to the hot spring waters, suggesting that these spring waters flow from a large shallow reservoir at this temperature. Because the hot springs are much less saline than the fluids recovered in PR-1 and PR-2, the mixed fluid in the shallow reservoir can contain no more than 10-20% deep fluid. This requires that most of the heat is transferred by steam. There is probably a thin vapor-dominated zone in the central part of the Sierra, through which steam and gases are transferred to the overlying shallow reservoir. Fluids from this reservoir cool from ???170??C to 65??C by conduction during the 5-7 km of lateral flow to the hot springs. ?? 1983.

  9. Municipal waste combustion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book covers the proceedings of the second annual International Specialty Conference on Municipal Waste Combustion. Topics covered include: combustion; refuse derived fuel plants; ash characterization; flue gas cleaning; ash disposal; environmental effects; risk and quality assurance; mercury control; sampling; regulations

  10. Measurements for municipalities 2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bob Kuhry; Jedid-Jah Jonker; Ab van der Torre

    2010-01-01

    Original title: Maten voor gemeenten 2010 This 2010 edition of Measurements for municipalities presents an impression of the performance delivered by Dutch local authorities and of the associated costs. The analyses in the report relate to the period 2003-2008. This is the eighth year in succession

  11. PRESENCIA DE LA CERÁMICA SEUDO-CLOISONNÉ EN LA CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO Y ZACATECAS (Presence of the Pseudo-cloisonné Pottery in the Bolaños Culture, Jalisco and Zacatecas)

    OpenAIRE

    María Teresa Cabrero G.

    2012-01-01

    La cerámica seudo-cloisonné tuvo una amplia distribución en el mundo prehispánico mexicano a partir de 200 d. C. Se denominó así por la semejanza en la técnica decorativa con el verdadero cloisonné elaborado sobre metal. La presencia de esta técnica poscocción en la cultura Bolaños, ubicada en parte de los estados de Jalisco y Zacatecas, constituyó una prueba más del contacto comercial que existió con la cultura Chalchihuites (noroeste de Zacatecas); a la cual le llegó a través de la ruta de ...

  12. Mujeres violentadas durante el embarazo y el parto: experiencias de parteras en Jalisco, México / Women abused during pregnancy and childbirth: experiences and views of midwives from Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Villaseñor F

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: explorar la experiencia y perspectiva de parteras con mujeres violentadas durante el embarazo y el parto en Jalisco, México. Metodología: se llevó a cabo un estudio cualitativo en zona rural de Jalisco, México, entre mayo y octubre de 2011 con 24 parteras, utilizando la entrevista individual, modalidad historia de vida pautada y la asamblea participativa regional como técnicas de indagación; posteriormente, los discursos fueron analizados bajo el modelo actancial semiótico. Resultados: familiaridad de las parteras con la violencia hacia la mujer durante el embarazo y el parto, atribuida principalmente a aspectos de género y ruralidad; señalan al binomio violencia-embarazo como factor de riesgo para presentar problemas obstétricos, siendo la violencia física la que más encuentran y a la pareja como principal agresor. Resalta su capacidad de diálogo y escucha activa en identificación de violencia. Refieren posibilidad de ser escuchadas en la generación de acciones frente a este problema. Discusión: necesidad de asumir una postura política estatal sobre la partería, que permita reconocer su papel en la sociedad y la posibilidad de incorporarlas en las acciones que hacen frente al problema de la violencia, y valorar los elementos propios de su ejercicio en la detección y manejo de estas mujeres. Objetive: to explore the experiences and perspectives that a group of midwives from Jalisco, Mexico had with women who were abused during pregnancy and delivery. Methodology: a qualitative study was conducted in a rural zone of Jalisco, Mexico, between May and October 2011 with 24 midwives. The techniques used to obtain the data were: individual interviews, life history, and the participatory regional assembly. After collecting the discourses, these were analyzed using the semiotic actantial model. Results: the midwives are familiar with the violence exercised against women during the pregnancy and birth process; this is mainly

  13. Interpretación de índices antropométricos en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México Interpretation of anthropometric indices in children of Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Valorar el estado de nutrición de niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco en Arandas, Jalisco, y discutir los criterios de clasificación de la desnutrición en México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal, desarrollado con 775 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad y que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej y 432 encuestas a niños de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se calcularon los índices peso/edad, talla/edad y peso/talla, y se investigaron características sociodemográficas y económicas y hábitos de alimentación; asimismo se compararon los criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS y de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM-SSA para definir la prevalencia de desnutrición. Resultados. Hubo baja escolaridad en ambos padres (3.6 años. El ingreso familiar fue de $198 dólares mensuales y cada miembro recibió 0.56 dólar/día para las tres comidas. La prevalencia de desnutrición fue mayor en los tres índices con el uso de la NOM-SSA que con el criterio de la OMS (peso/edad 91.7 vs. 30.9%; talla/edad 66.9 vs. 17.3%; peso/talla 62.5 vs. 9.5% respectivamente. Conclusiones. El índice peso/edad y la NOM SSA sobrestiman la prevalencia de desnutrición y no discriminan entre niños genéticamente pequeños, con desnutrición aguda o desnutrición crónica o pasada. Es más útil el criterio de la OMS. Se deben incluir los índices peso/talla (desnutrición reciente y talla/edad (desnutrición crónica para comparación internacional.Objective. To assess the nutritional status of children attending the Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Highlands Institute for Development of Jalisco State, Inadej in Arandas, Jalisco and to discuss the classification criteria of infant malnutrition in Mexico. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 775 children aged between twelve and one hundred and twenty months, who attended Inadej, including 432

  14. Mallas de valor global en la agricultura de hortalizas en México. El caso de Sayula, Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Macías Macías

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde mediados de la década de 1980, el cultivo de jitomate, brócoli y otras hortalizas ha cobrado importancia en Sayula, Jalisco. Este tipo de actividad se enmarca en mallas de valor en las que existen dinámicas extraterritoriales evidentes, como la provisión de insumos, factores de producción (incluida la mano de obra, comercialización y consumo, cuya labor central se ubica en otros territorios. Ahora bien, dentro de estas mallas de valor existen formas de organización diversas de la relación entre agricultores y compradores, de acuerdo con las características del producto, de los mercados y actores involucrados. Esto genera una diversidad de estructuras de gobierno, estudiadas en este trabajo, para así entender tanto los beneficios que le generan al agricultor, como las limitaciones que éste enfrenta ante tales relaciones.

  15. La cultura tiene permiso. XEJB y la política cultural del Estado de Jalisco 1941-1992.

    OpenAIRE

    RAMÍREZ SOLÍS Edgar Rogelio

    1993-01-01

    Investigación que parte de la identificación de la política cultural en Jalisco y su relación con el desarrollo y utilización de la emisora estatal XEJB, para conocer el papel de los medios de difusión en los planes sobre educación y cultura del Gobierno de la República. Para ello, se realizó la reconstrucción del desarrollo de la estación XEJB de 1941 a 1992, mediante una perspectiva historiográfica. Primeramente, se ubicó a la estación dentro del desarrollo nacional del medio paralelo a un ...

  16. Municipal Solid Waste Resources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2016-06-01

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a source of biomass material that can be utilized for bioenergy production with minimal additional inputs. MSW resources include mixed commercial and residential garbage such as yard trimmings, paper and paperboard, plastics, rubber, leather, textiles, and food wastes. Waste resources such as landfill gas, mill residues, and waste grease are already being utilized for cost-effective renewable energy generation. MSW for bioenergy also represents an opportunity to divert greater volumes of residential and commercial waste from landfills.

  17. Registro del águila elegante (Spizaetus ornatus en la Reserva de la Biosfera sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, México A new record for the Ornate Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus ornatus in the Sierra Manantlán Biosphere Reserve, Jalisco-Colima, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Aranda

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un registro del águila elegante (Spizaetus ornatus en un bosque de encino-pino de la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, correspondiente a un individuo de 2 a 3 años de edad. Este registro es significativo ante la escasez de registros de esta especie en el occidente de México, los cuales corresponden a localidades en los estados de Nayarit (1 Colima (3, Jalisco (1 y Guerrero (1. Se considera que el águila elegante está en peligro de extinción en México (NOM-059-ECOL-2001; su presencia en esta área natural protegida da aliento para su conservación.An immature Ornate Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus ornatus was observed and photographed while perched in pine-oak forest in the Sierra de Manantlán Biosphere Reserve, Jalisco-Colima, Mexico. From plumage characteristics we believe the eagle to be 2-3 years old. This record is significant due to the paucity of records for this species in Western Mexico: Nayarit (1 Colima (3, Jalisco (1 and Guerrero (1. The Ornate Hawk-Eagle is considered as a threatened species in Mexico, and this record from a natural protected area brings hope for its conservation.

  18. Lo que Piensan los Estudiantes y Profesores Sobre la Calidad de la Educacion Superior. Estudio Comparativo en 5 Instituciones de Educacion Superior--dos publicas y tres privadas--en Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico (What Students and Faculties Think about the Quality of Higher Education. Comparative Study of 5 Higher Education Institutions--Two Public and Three Private--in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanez, Maria Lorena Hernandez

    This study, written in Spanish, compared attitudes of students (N=302) and faculty (N=28) at five institutions of higher education (two public and three private) in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. The study explored first, whether respondents believed there are significant quality differences between private and public universities and, second, what…

  19. The Release of Creative Potentials in Municipal Administration of Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polona Kambič

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Research Question (RQ: Did the desire for development boost the search of own potentials to successfully manage procedures in acquiring co-financing of funds for the construction of infrastructure?Purpose: To research the motivators for successful acquisition of funds for the construction of infrastructure in Municipality Semič.Method: 1. Interviews with the mayors and three directors of the municipal administration who participated in procedures for applying and drawing on funds up to the year 2010.2. Case study: the study of successful applications for public tenders in the period from 2007 to 2010.Results: A desire for development, ambition, and high goals set out by the mayor as well as the outstanding qualifications and eagerness to learn by the directors of the municipal administration had resulted in successful use of co-financing funds and at the same time accelerated the construction of infrastruct ure in MunicipalitySemič.Organization: The director of municipal administration is as a leader and an official in position also a preparer of applications for public tenders.Society: The municipality holds a social responsibility to take care of the in frastructure of public importance by building, maintaining, and managing it. By gaining additional funds through public tenders the municipality enriches municipal estate which is available for all citizens and its wider community. It also performs investm ents for the protection of the environment, which are due to a low population density, very expensive; therefore, additional funds are of high importance.Originality: Even smaller municipalities can be shown to be as equal to larger municipalities with more qualified staff. Smaller municipal administrations are not always a disadvantage, but on the contrary, with proper motivation it can be perceived as an advantage.Limitations/Future Research: Access to available data on the success of drawing funds from other municipalities is limited as

  20. Liberalisation of municipal waste handling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Ole Gunni

    2006-01-01

    for improved performance of municipal waste management. The study stresses the need for training and guidance of municipal administrators. Highlighting ‘best practice’ examples the study shows, however, that it is perfectly possible to end up with quality service on contract. It takes a mixture of careful...... design of requirement specifications in the tender material and deployment of resources to follow up on the contract and cooperate with the contractor in problem-solving. The study finds the municipalities in a key position to break the ‘vicious circle’ of renouncement of responsibility, untamed market......Liberalisation of municipal waste handling: How are sustainable practices pursued? In the process of liberalization of public services in Europe contracting out the collection of municipal waste has surged. Research in Denmark has shown that municipalities in general have pursued a narrow policy...

  1. Influence of climatic conditions, topography and soil attributes on the spatial distribution of site productivity index of the species rich forests of Jalisco, Mexico

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Adel Mohamed; Robin M. Reich; Raj Khosla; C. Aguirre-Bravo; Martin Mendoza Briseño

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an approach based on field data to model the spatial distribution of the site productivity index (SPI) of the diverse forest types in Jalisco, Mexico and the response in SPI to site and cli-matic conditions. A linear regression model was constructed to test the hypothesis that site and climate variables can be used to predict the SPI of the major forest types in Jalisco. SPI varied significantly with topog-raphy (elevation, aspect and slope), soil attributes (pH, sand and silt), climate (temperature and precipitation zones) and forest type. The most important variable in the model was forest type, which accounted for 35% of the variability in SPI. Temperature and precipitation accounted for 8 to 9% of the variability in SPI while the soil attributes accounted for less than 4% of the variability observed in SPI. No significant differences were detected between the observed and predicted SPI for the individual forest types. The linear regression model was used to develop maps of the spatial variability in predicted SPI for the individual forest types in the state. The spatial site productivity models developed in this study provides a basis for understanding the complex relationship that exists between forest productivity and site and climatic conditions in the state. Findings of this study will assist resource managers in making cost-effective decisions about the management of individual forest types in the state of Jalisco, Mexico.

  2. Municipal actions to reduce mercury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-03-15

    This paper presented proper management practices for products containing mercury. The measures can help reduce mercury releases, occupational exposure and mercury spills, thereby preventing impacts on human health and the environment. Despite mercury's toxic nature, many common products that contain mercury are commercially available. These include thermostats, thermometers, fluorescent lamps, pressure measuring devices, electrical switches and relays, and dental amalgam. Mercury emissions are also associated with base metal smelting, waste incineration and coal-fired power generation. Mercury in the environment is a global issue, because it can travel in the atmosphere on wind currents. The actions taken by municipalities to address the issue include reducing or eliminating mercury releases from internal municipal operations and sources within the community. This document provided guidance on how to develop a Municipal Mercury Elimination Policy and Plan that will help reduce mercury releases. It presented information and case studies that will help municipalities manage mercury-containing products found in municipal buildings and street lighting. Information on sources of mercury from within the community was presented along with case studies that can help municipalities determine where community action is needed to reduce mercury releases. The 5 modules of this document were intended to help municipalities identify priorities, timelines and budget requirements for mercury initiatives. It was emphasized that municipalities that adopt a Municipal Mercury Elimination Policy and Plan formally commit to reducing and eliminating mercury from the environment. tabs., figs.

  3. Danish Municipal planning in Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jørgen

    2003-01-01

    Danish municipal planning at the entrance to the 2000 years, where many things in the everyday of planning are changed after pressure from the market, the state, the municipal organisation, the investors, the citizens and the planners themselves. In this situation of change there may be good reason......The local authorities and the municipal planning are today under a considerable pressure of change. From a relatively practice-related approach this paper dicusses the turbulent situation characterizing the Danish municipal planning just now. The main idea of this paper is to describe and analyze...

  4. Intersectoriality in Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heering Holt, Ditte; Frohlich, Katherine L; Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine;

    2016-01-01

    Action on the social determinants of health (SDH) through intersectoral policymaking is often suggested to promote health and health equity. This paper argues that the process of intersectoral policymaking influences how the SDH are construed and acted upon in municipal policymaking. We discuss how...... healthier practices into various settings, e.g. creating healthy school environments for increased physical activity and healthy eating. While other more overarching interventions on the health impacts of broader welfare policies (e.g. education policy) tend to be neglected. The interventions hereby neglect...

  5. PRESENCIA DE LA CERÁMICA SEUDO-CLOISONNÉ EN LA CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO Y ZACATECAS (Presence of the Pseudo-cloisonné Pottery in the Bolaños Culture, Jalisco and Zacatecas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Cabrero G.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La cerámica seudo-cloisonné tuvo una amplia distribución en el mundo prehispánico mexicano a partir de 200 d. C. Se denominó así por la semejanza en la técnica decorativa con el verdadero cloisonné elaborado sobre metal. La presencia de esta técnica poscocción en la cultura Bolaños, ubicada en parte de los estados de Jalisco y Zacatecas, constituyó una prueba más del contacto comercial que existió con la cultura Chalchihuites (noroeste de Zacatecas; a la cual le llegó a través de la ruta de intercambio comercial que partía desde Teotihuacan hacia el norte, en búsqueda de la preciada turquesa cuyos yacimientos se encuentran en Nuevo México. La decoración de las vasijas empleando esta técnica demostró la presencia de artesanos especialistas dentro de una sociedad con un avanzado desarrollo; los motivos señalan la ideología de sus creadores al plasmar representaciones de la fauna, la flora y personajes distinguidos dentro de la sociedad. ENGLISH: The pseudo-cloisonné pottery was widely distributed among the prehispanic world in Mexico from 200 AD. These objects are described as pseudo-cloisonné because of similarities to the decorative technique employed by the true cloisonné made of metal. The presence of this technique post-firing in the Bolaños culture, which is located among the states of Jalisco and Zacatecas, is further evidence of the commercial contact that took place with the Chalchihuites culture (Northeast Zacatecas. These objects arrived to Chalchihuites through the commercial exchange that began in Teotihuacan and traveled northward in search of the valuable turquoise mines located in New Mexico. The decoration on these objects using this technique shows evidence of the existence of highly skilled people specialized in this technique among this society. The decoration in general represents the ideology of the craftsmen when they embedded the features of nature as well as distinctive people among their

  6. Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana and Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae, three new species from Jalisco, Mexico Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana y Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae, tres nuevas especies de Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Three new species from Jalisco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. These species grow in tropical or in tropical and temperate transitional forests. The 3 species belong to Salvia L. subgenus Calosphace (Benth. Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González is morphologically similar with section Briquetia Epling. It is characterized by the contrasting vegetative morphology between mature and immature individuals, its relatively large and sessile or sub-sessile leaves (the uppermost amplexicaul, glandular-capitate hairs on the floral axis and calyx, and dark violet corollas. The characters of Salvia ibugana J. G. González correspond to those of the species of section Angulatae (Epling Epling, within which S. ibugana is distinguished by the digitiform papillae disperse on its stems, petioles and floral axis. Salvia ramirezii J. G. González fits well within section Sigmoideae Epling by means of the sigmoid shape of the lower branch of its style. It is morphologically similar to Salvia crucis and S. quercetorum, from which it can be distinguished by the triangular, slightly succulent, shorter, glabrous, lustrous leaves.Se describen e ilustran 3 especies nuevas de Jalisco, México. Estas especies crecen en bosques tropicales o en bosques transicionales entre tropicales y templados. Las 3 especies pertenecen a Salvia L. subgénero Calosphace (Benth. Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González es morfológicamente similar a la sección Briquetia Epling. Se caracteriza por la morfología vegetativa contrastante entre individuos maduros e inmaduros, sus hojas relativamente grandes, sésiles o subsésiles (las superiores amplexicaules, tricomas capitado-glandulares sobre el eje floral y el cáliz, y corolas violeta oscuro. Las características de Salvia ibugana J. G. González corresponden a aquellas de las especies de la sección Angulatae (Epling Epling, dentro de la que S. ibugana se distingue por las papilas digitiformes que presenta en el tallo

  7. Diversidad de Agaricomycetes clavarioides en la Estación de Biología de Chamela, Jalisco, México Diversity of clavarioid Agaricomycetes at the Chamela Biological Station, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Itzel Ramírez-López

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio es una contribución al conocimiento de la diversidad y estructura de los Agaricomycetes clavarioides que se desarrollan en los bosques tropicales de la Estación de Biología de Chamela, Jalisco, México. Las recolecciones se realizaron durante la temporada de lluvias de los años 2005 a 2008; se registraron datos de hábitat y morfología de los basidiomas, tipo de vegetación y sustrato donde se desarrollan, así como del patrón de crecimiento, área de distribución, abundancia y orientación e inclinación de las laderas donde se localizaron. Los 86 ejemplares registrados corresponden a 17 especies, de las cuales Physalacria changensis, P. inflata, Pterula verticillata y Scytinopogon scaber son nuevos registros para México. Scytinopogon pallescens, Pterula sp. 2 y Thelephora sp. fueron las más abundantes y 6 especies se registraron sólo 1 vez. Los datos obtenidos indican que la frecuencia con la que se hallan los basidiomas de los clavarioides en los distintos hábitats no es aleatoria, sino que su producción se da preferentemente en las laderas sur con inclinación de 21° a 30° y en el bosque tropical subperennifolio.This study is a contribution to the biodiversity and community structure of clavarioid Agaricomycetes in the tropical forests of the Chamela Biological Station, in Jalisco, Mexico. The collections were made during the rainy seasons from 2005 to 2008 during which we recorded the morphological and ecological information, including basidiocarp morphology and patterns of growth. Likewise, records were also taken for habitat preferences, types of substrate, orientation, slope inclination, range of distribution and abundance. The 86 specimens recorded, corresponded to 17 different species, from which Physalacria changensis, P. inflata, Pterula verticillata and Scytinopogon scaber are new records for Mexico. The species S. pallescens, Pterula sp. 2 and Thelephora sp. were the most abundant, while other 6 species

  8. Study on Municipal Energy Companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a summarizing overview of the local, renewable energy initiatives that are grouped under the heading of 'municipal energy company'. A municipal energy company (or sustainable energy company) is a local energy company that initiates, coordinates and/or manages sustainable energy projects with the primary objective of realizing the climate objectives.

  9. Energy Management in Municipal Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massachusetts State Dept. of Community Affairs, Boston. Energy Conservation Project.

    This manual is written for the manager or supervisor responsible for instituting an energy management program for municipal buildings. An introduction discusses the management issues facing municipal government in dealing with the need to reduce energy consumption. The guide reviews methods for central coordination of activity to ensure that…

  10. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E.; Ortiz, Genaro G.; Ventura-Castro, Lucia; Árias-Merino, Elva D.; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermín P.; Macías-Islas, Miguel A.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein), Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men). Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability. PMID:24795758

  11. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma E. Velázquez-Brizuela

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL, increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein, Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men. Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability.

  12. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E; Ortiz, Genaro G; Ventura-Castro, Lucia; Arias-Merino, Elva D; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermín P; Macías-Islas, Miguel A

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein), Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men). Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability.

  13. Land subsidence, Ground Fissures and Buried Faults: InSAR Monitoring of Ciudad Guzmán (Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Alberto Brunori

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We study land subsidence processes and the associated ground fissuring, affecting an active graben filled by thick unconsolidated deposits by means of InSAR techniques and fieldwork. On 21 September 2012, Ciudad Guzmán (Jalisco, Mexico was struck by ground fissures of about 1.5 km of length, causing the deformation of the roads and the propagation of fissures in adjacent buildings. The field survey showed that fissures alignment is coincident with the escarpments produced on 19 September 1985, when a strong earthquake with magnitude 8.1 struck central Mexico. In order to detect and map the spatio-temporal features of the processes that led to the 2012 ground fissures, we applied InSAR multi-temporal techniques to process ENVISAT-ASAR and RADARSAT-2 satellite SAR images acquired between 2003 and 2012. We detect up to 20 mm/year of subsidence of the northwestern part of Ciudad Guzmán. These incremental movements are consistent with the ground fissures observed in 2012. Based on interferometric results, field data and 2D numerical model, we suggest that ground deformations and fissuring are due to the presence of areal subsidence correlated with variable sediment thickness and differential compaction, partly driven by the exploitation of the aquifers and controlled by the distribution and position of buried faults.

  14. [Levels of oxidative stress in serum and dietary behavior in adults in a rural area of Jalisco, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Meza, Monica; Arroyo-Helguera, Omar; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermin; Pita-López, Maria Luisa; Santoyo-Telles, Felipe; Ortiz, Genaro G

    2014-12-01

    Introducción: El comportamiento alimentario establece la relación del ser humano con la alimentación, comprende hábitos alimentarios que podrían intervenir en el desarrollo del estrés oxidativo. Objetivos: Evaluar la relación de indicadores de estrés oxidativo (lipoperóxidos) y capacidad antioxidante (ácido ascórbico, catalasa, superóxido dismutasa) con el comportamiento alimentario en adultos que residen en Teocuitatlán de Corona, Jalisco, México. Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, comparativo de 44 adultos de 43 a 88 años de edad. Se aplicó un instrumento de comportamiento alimentario. Los resultados del cuestionario se relacionaron con los indicadores de estrés oxidativo. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, distribución de frecuencias y análisis de co-varianza con ajuste de variables, se consideró una significancia de p.

  15. Multichannel Seismic Imaging of the Rivera Plate Subduction at the Seismogenic Jalisco Block Area (Western Mexican Margin)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolome, Rafael; Górriz, Estefanía; Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Cordoba, Diego; Martí, David; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco; Bandy, William L.; Mortera-Gutiérrez, Carlos A.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, Jose Luis

    2016-10-01

    During the TSUJAL marine geophysical survey, conducted in February and March 2014, Spanish, Mexican and British scientists and technicians explored the western margin of Mexico, considered one of the most active seismic zones in America. This work aims to characterize the internal structure of the subduction zone of the Rivera plate beneath the North American plate in the offshore part of the Jalisco Block, to link the geodynamic and the recent tectonic deformation occurring there with the possible generation of tsunamis and earthquakes. For this purpose, it has been carried out acquisition, processing and geological interpretation of a multichannel seismic reflection profile running perpendicular to the margin. Crustal images show an oceanic domain, dominated by subduction-accretion along the lower slope of the margin with a subparallel sediment thickness of up to 1.6 s two-way travel time (approx. 2 km) in the Middle American Trench. Further, from these data the region appears to be prone to giant earthquake production. The top of the oceanic crust (intraplate reflector) is very well imaged. It is almost continuous along the profile with a gentle dip (developed accretionary prism consisting of highly deformed sediments with prominent slumping towards the trench that may be the result of past tsunamis. Also, a bottom simulating reflector (BSR) is identified in the first half a second (twtt) of the section. High amplitude reflections at around 7-8 s twtt clearly image a discontinuous Moho, defining a very gentle dipping subduction plane.

  16. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E; Ortiz, Genaro G; Ventura-Castro, Lucia; Arias-Merino, Elva D; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermín P; Macías-Islas, Miguel A

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein), Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men). Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability. PMID:24795758

  17. APLICACIÓN DEL MÉTODO SERVQUAL EN LOS SERVICIOS DE ALUMBRADO PÚBLICO DE ZAPOPAN, JALISCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Joel Torres Arreola

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO
    Considerando que el uso de los Sistemas de Calidad en el sector público Mexicano se encuentra en un proceso inicial, este estudio revisa solo un aspecto de la implementación de los Sistemas de Calidad. En este caso, el Sistema de Calidad esta identificado como la certificación de las normas de calidad de la Organización Internacional de Estandarización (ISO, en inglés. El objetivo de esta investigación es medir a través del modelo SERVQUAL el grado en que el personal de la Dirección de Alumbrado Público de Zapopan (D. A. P. Z, Estado de Jalisco, ha asumido una filosofía de calidad con respecto a los servicios que ofrecen a través de su estructura organizacional, tratándose en este caso de una investigación aplicada. Es importante considerar que esta área tiene tres años de haber implementado un sistema de calidad como lo es la certificación ISO 9002.

  18. [Physical activity, sedentary behavior and quality of life in undergraduate adolescents of Ciudad Guzman, State of Jalisco, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Carlos Alejandro; Ramírez-López, Guadalupe; Hidalgo-San Martín, Alfredo

    2013-07-01

    With the aim of evaluating the association between physical activity and sedentary behavior with quality of life (QoL) in undergraduate students of Ciudad Guzman, state of Jalisco, Mexico, a total of 881 adolescents aged between 17 and 19 were studied. Online questionnaires were used, namely the research version of the Youth Quality of Life Instrument and the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Odd ratios (OR) were obtained using simple and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The number of days with physical activity was related to a higher total perceptual score, higher general QoL domain, higher self domain as well as higher environment domain. Playing in > 2 sports teams was related to a higher total perceptual score, higher general QoL domain, higher self domain as well as higher environment domain. Having 4-5 physical education classes/week was related with a higher general QoL domain. Limiting recreational screen time to < 2 hours/day was related with a higher relationship domain. In conclusion, in Mexican undergraduate adolescent students, higher QoL was associated with: physical activity at least 4 days/week; physical education classes 4 or more days/week; playing in 2 or more sports teams and limiting recreational screen time to 2 hours or less.

  19. Crustal imaging of western Michoacán and the Jalisco Block, Mexico, from Ambient Seismic Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spica, Zack; Cruz-Atienza, Víctor M.; Reyes-Alfaro, Gabriel; Legrand, Denis; Iglesias-Mendoza, Arturo

    2014-12-01

    Detailed crustal imaging of western Michoacán and the Jalisco Block is obtained from ambient noise tomography. Results show a deep and well-delineated volcanic system below the Colima volcano complex, rooting up to ~ 22 km depth, with a shallow magmatic chamber constrained to the first ~ 7 km. A shallow low-velocity system to the south of the Chapala rift and west of the Michoacán-Guanajuato volcanic field merges, underneath the Colima rift, with the Colima volcano system at about 20 km depth, honoring the geometry of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. For depths greater than ~30 km, low-velocity features become parallel to the slab strike, right beneath the Mascota, Ayutla and Tapalpa volcanic fields, suggesting the presence of the mantle wedge above the Rivera plate. All mentioned low-velocity bodies are spatially correlated with the superficial volcanic activity suggesting their magmatic origin so that, the shallower these bodies, the younger are the associated volcanic deposits. Along the coast, different depths of the uppermost layer of the Rivera and the Cocos plates suggest that the latter plate subducts with an angle ~ 9° steeper than the former.

  20. Internal auditing amongst Portuguese municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Jorge

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available From the characterization of Local Authority financing models and structures in Portugal and Slovenia, a set of financial and generic budget indicators has been established. These indicators may be used in a comparative analysis considering the Bragança District in Portugal, and municipalities of similar population size in Slovenia. The research identified significant differences, in terms of financing sources due to some discrepancies on financial models and competences of municipalities on each country. The results show that Portuguese and Slovenian municipalities, in 2003, for the economy indicator, had similar ranking behaviour, but in 2004, they changed this behaviour.

  1. What drives small municipalities to cooperate? Evidence from Hessian municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Blaeschke, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    This contribution studies the determinants of intermunicipal cooperation for small Hessian municipalities. Existing contributions have highlighted the role of cooperation demand factors, for example fiscal stress or demographic factors, on the one hand, and transaction cost issues on the other. This study asks how the spatial neighbourhood affects cooperation decision making taking characteristics of neighbouring municipalities into account (cooperation supply). The study focuses on intermuni...

  2. The Release of Creative Potentials in Municipal Administration of Municipality

    OpenAIRE

    Polona Kambič

    2013-01-01

    Research Question (RQ): Did the desire for development boost the search of own potentials to successfully manage procedures in acquiring co-financing of funds for the construction of infrastructure?Purpose: To research the motivators for successful acquisition of funds for the construction of infrastructure in Municipality Semič.Method: 1. Interviews with the mayors and three directors of the municipal administration who participated in procedures for applying and drawing on funds up to the y...

  3. Electronic Communications: Municipalities as Stakeholders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemstra, W.

    2011-01-01

    In the rhetoric of deregulation municipalities are rarely identified as stakeholders. However, they played a major role in early infrastructure developments and recently in broadband. What explains their involvement?

  4. Danish Municipal Planning in Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jørgen

    The local authorities and the municipal planning are today under a considerable pressure of change. From a relatively practice-related approach this paper discusses the turbulent situation characterizing the Danish municipal planning just now. The main data of this paper is to describe and analyze...... Danish municipal planning at the entrance to the 2000 years, where many things in the everyday of planning are changed after pressure from the market, the state, the municipal organisations, the investors, the citizens and the planners themselves. In this situation of change there may be good reasons...... to bear in mind what the basic task of physical planning at a local level has actually been and to discuss both what it is at the moment and what it can turn into in the future. The paper may actually raise more questions than it answers. The reason is that well-known political, administrative structures...

  5. Internal auditing amongst Portuguese municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Susana Jorge; Anabela Costa

    2009-01-01

    From the characterization of Local Authority financing models and structures in Portugal and Slovenia, a set of financial and generic budget indicators has been established. These indicators may be used in a comparative analysis considering the Bragança District in Portugal, and municipalities of similar population size in Slovenia. The research identified significant differences, in terms of financing sources due to some discrepancies on financial models and competences of municipalities on ...

  6. Wild populations of the invasive Australian red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (Crustacea, Decapoda near the northern coast of Jalisco, Mexico: a new fishing and profitable resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Vega-Villasante

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus is native to freshwater habitats of northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Its high reproductive and adaptive capacity in different environments allows it to be cultivated, where escaped individuals have established wild populations in countries far from their natural range. In the late 90's and beginning of the 21st century, this crayfish was introduced illegally along the coast of southern Jalisco. Mismanagement led to escape and dispersion. Currently there are wild crayfish in the Cajón de Peñas Reservoir and surrounding streams in northern Jalisco, Mexico. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of C. quadricarinatus in fisheries in this area of Jalisco and analyze its importance in generating economic benefits for fishermen, comparing these results with those of the fishery for M. americanum, whose fishery is traditional. To catch specimens, traps were set for 24 h in the La Sanja Stream and the Cajón de Peñas Reservoir. The results of the survey showed that C. quadrica rinatus is an important part of the crustacean catch in this area: 32% of the total catch in the stream corresponded to C. quadricarinatus and the rest to M. americanum. While 85% of the catch in the dam corresponded to C. quadricarinatus, only 15% referred to M. americanum. Crayfish fishing in the reservoir is now an important part of the productive activity of local families dependent on fishing. The ecological consequences of wild crayfish proliferation remain to be studied.

  7. Municipal solid waste incineration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twelve municipal solid waste incinerators, ranging in size from 80 to 1,212 tons per day, have started operating in Minnesota since 1982. The operating incinerators include modular, refuse derived fuel, field erected and fluidized bed facilities. Air pollution control equipment utilized consists of electrostatic precipitators (ESP), spray dryer/fabric filter (SD/FF) and wet scrubber systems. In this paper, results are presented for more than 30 tests completed since 1984. Results include measurements of particulate, acid gases, metals and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF). Tests at facilities using ESPs include measurements of removal efficiencies for particulate, metals and PCDD/PCDFs. An extended series of mercury test results are presented for one facility using SD/FF control. Results were reviewed for the purposes of determining permit compliance, characterizing combustion/air pollution control equipment performance and providing information for rulemaking activities. Performance trends and a discussion of future prospects for regulation of incinerators in Minnesota are also presented

  8. Mecanismos para la asignación de los recursos financieros a partir de la descentralización en el estado de Jalisco Mechanisms for allocating financial resources after decentralization in the State of Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Pérez-Núñez

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar, a partir de la perspectiva de los tomadores de decisiones, el proceso de asignación de los recursos financieros en los servicios de salud del estado de Jalisco (SSJ, México, en el contexto de la descentralización. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Mediante una aproximación cualitativa, con entrevistas semiestructuradas a informantes clave de puestos directivos como técnica de levantamiento de información, se documentó, a través del análisis del discurso de los informantes, la experiencia de los SSJ en materia de asignación de recursos financieros. De septiembre a noviembre de 2003, se exploró la percepción de directivos y administradores sobre el grado de autonomía que tienen en la toma de decisiones y el proceso que se sigue en la asignación de los recursos financieros, para identificar los criterios que se utilizan y sus justificaciones. RESULTADOS: Desde el punto de vista de los tomadores de decisiones, a partir de la descentralización se ha incrementado la autonomía de los SSJ, aunque el grado de decisión permanece limitado debido, principalmente, al gran gasto administrativo asociado a nómina. En este sentido, las implicaciones imputables a las condiciones laborales aún no descentralizadas son todavía evidentes. En los SSJ se han establecido sistemas propios e innovadores para la asignación de los recursos financieros por regiones sanitarias y hospitales, con base en incentivos administrativo-gerenciales y en productividad, asimismo realizando ajustes por grado de marginación y rezago poblacional, bajo el criterio de equidad. CONCLUSIONES: Las condiciones generales de trabajo y el poder de decisión asignado a las regiones sanitarias constituyen un aspecto pendiente de descentralizar. Si bien la descentralización ha otorgado mayor autonomía a los SSJ, el nivel de decisión para la asignación de recursos financieros se ha concentrado en los niveles jerárquicos más altos.OBJECTIVE: To analyze, from the

  9. Municipal water consumption forecast accuracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fullerton, Thomas M.; Molina, Angel L.

    2010-06-01

    Municipal water consumption planning is an active area of research because of infrastructure construction and maintenance costs, supply constraints, and water quality assurance. In spite of that, relatively few water forecast accuracy assessments have been completed to date, although some internal documentation may exist as part of the proprietary "grey literature." This study utilizes a data set of previously published municipal consumption forecasts to partially fill that gap in the empirical water economics literature. Previously published municipal water econometric forecasts for three public utilities are examined for predictive accuracy against two random walk benchmarks commonly used in regional analyses. Descriptive metrics used to quantify forecast accuracy include root-mean-square error and Theil inequality statistics. Formal statistical assessments are completed using four-pronged error differential regression F tests. Similar to studies for other metropolitan econometric forecasts in areas with similar demographic and labor market characteristics, model predictive performances for the municipal water aggregates in this effort are mixed for each of the municipalities included in the sample. Given the competitiveness of the benchmarks, analysts should employ care when utilizing econometric forecasts of municipal water consumption for planning purposes, comparing them to recent historical observations and trends to insure reliability. Comparative results using data from other markets, including regions facing differing labor and demographic conditions, would also be helpful.

  10. Geospatial web services for e-municipality

    OpenAIRE

    Akıncı, Halil

    2004-01-01

    Municipality activities require interoperability both between municipality offices, and government and private sector. Due to the lack of interoperability, traditional municipalities, and governments face serious problems. These are mainly poor quality and high cost of services, and low economical revenues. E-municipality has been proposed for solving these problems. An interoperability infrastructure is at the heart of e-municipality and e-government applications. Web services have emerged a...

  11. La calidad de vida en adultos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en centros de salud de Guadalajara, Jalisco (México)

    OpenAIRE

    José G Salazar Estrada; Ana María Gutiérrez Strauss; Carolina Aranda Beltrán; Raquel González Baltazar; Manuel Pando Moreno

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Evaluar la percepción de Calidad de Vida Relacionada con la Salud (CVRS) de Objetivos: Evaluar la relación de la diabetes sobre la calidad de vida, utilizando el cuestionario Diabetes 39 en pacientes diagnosticados como diabéticos que acuden a visita ambulatoria a centros de salud. Materiales y métodos: Con un diseño transversal en una muestra no probabilística determinada por un periodo de tiempo en cuatro centros de salud de la Secretaría de Salud Jalisco (SSJ) en la Zona Metropol...

  12. Capacidades del capital humano para la innovación tecnológica en pequeñas empresas de Jalisco, México.

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Javier Ramírez Ruiz

    2013-01-01

    El precario desarrollo tecnológico de las pequeñas empresas en México no les permite ser más eficientes y productivas. Esta situacion implica que invierten muy poco o nada en innovación tencológica, que es un elemento esencial para la supervivencia en los agresivos mercados mundiales, cuyas preferencias cambian constantemente. Un estudio realizado en Jalisco identificó que uno de los principales inhibidores de la innovación es la falta de capacidades del capital humano. Esta investigación bus...

  13. La cobertura informativa de la violencia de género en medios impresos de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. El caso de Imelda Virgen

    OpenAIRE

    Ulloa Luna, José Luis; Spiller, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    El feminicidio es un tema que en el periodismo requiere de investigación exhaustiva y precisión de datos para informar a la sociedad de manera objetiva, sin amarillismo, sensacionalismo o culpabilización de las mujeres. Así como de capacitación y actualización de los periodistas por parte de autoridades, colectivos u académicos para no obviar los asuntos de género en cobertura y tratamiento informativo. El caso de Imelda Virgen y el incremento de violencia de género en el estado de Jalisco, M...

  14. La prematurez y sus repercusiones en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, en la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos Ramos Alfredo; Martínez Ramírez Armando; Morales Fernández Armando; Valdez López Rosa María

    1998-01-01

    El presente estudio tiene por objetivo conocer las repercusiones de la prematurez en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, para lo cual se hace un seguimiento de niños nacidos en hospitales de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, de los más representativos del Sistema de Atención Médica en México. Estos niños fueron seguidos con evaluaciones semestrales, tanto en lo que se refiere al estado nutricional (crecimiento), como al desarrollo (Prueba Selectiva de Denver). El anális...

  15. PATRONES ESTACIONALES DE UTILIZACIÓN DE RECURSOS FLORALES POR SCAPTOTRIGONA HELLWEGERI EN LA ESTACIÓN DE BIOLOGÍA CHAMELA, JALISCO, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    David Leonor Quiroz-García; María de la Luz Arreguín-Sánchez; Rafael Fernández-Nava; Enrique Martínez-Hernández

    2011-01-01

    Se estudia la utilización de los recursos florales por Scaptotrigona hellwegeri en dos comunidades vegetales de la Estación de Biología Chamela, Jalisco. Se estudiaron 69 muestras de polen de tres colonias de abejas sociales situadas en comunidades vegetales diferentes durante un año. Se identificaron y cuantificaron 165 tipos polínicos, siendo los recursos más importantes (con representación de más del 10%) los provenientes de 16 taxa de plantas a mencionar: Apoplanesia paniculata, Astronium...

  16. Aves acuáticas de la Laguna de Agua Dulce y el Estero El Ermitaño, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Hernández Vázquez

    2005-01-01

    Se analizó la presencia y número de aves acuáticas, así como la distribución estacional y espacial de los diferentes grupos en la laguna de Agua Dulce y el estero El Ermitaño, Jalisco, México, entre diciembre de 1997 a noviembre de 1998. Considerando únicamente el mes de máxima abundancia de cada especie hubo 86 471 aves en ambos humedales (29 686 en Agua Dulce y 56 785 en El ermitaño), y una abundancia acumulada (suma de las abundancias mensuales) de 179 808 aves (66 976 en Agua Dulce y 112 ...

  17. Fluorosis dental en niños y fluor en el agua de consumo humano. Mexticacán, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa de Jesús Pérez Patiño; Rosa Leticia Scherman Leaño; René Juan Hernández Gutiérrez; Genoveva Rizo Curiel; Martha Patricia Hernández Guerrero

    2007-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de fluorosis dental en los niños de 6 a 12 años y su relación con la concentración de flúor en agua para consumo humano de Mexticacán, Jalisco. Material y métodos: Estudio Ecológico Exploratorio. Se estudiaron 355 niños para diagnosticar fluorosis dental. Se determinaron las concentraciones de flúor en las fuentes de agua de consumo de la población, por espectrofotometría SPADN utilizando las Normas Oficiales Mexicanas (NMX-AA-077 y NOM127, NOM041) Resultad...

  18. APORTES DE NITRÓGENO Y FÓSFORO DE TRES SISTEMAS AGRÍCOLAS DE LA CUENCA HIDROGRÁFICA "EL JIHUITE", EN JALISCO, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo E. Flores-López; Rogelio Carrillo-González; Nestor Francisco-Nicolás; Claudia Hidalgo-Moreno; José A. Ruíz-Corral; Aldo A. Casteñeda-Villanueva; Raymundo Velazco-Nuño

    2009-01-01

    La cuenca hidrográfica El Jihuite tiene como embalse a la presa del mismo nombre, reservorio de agua usado para la población de Tepatitlán, en Jalisco, México. Sin embargo, se ha identificado el problema de eutrofización del agua de la presa y como factor limitante al fósforo, pero se desconocen los procesos en los terrenos con uso agropecuario donde se origina el enriquecimiento de este nutrimento en dicho embalse. Se evaluó la pérdida de nitrógeno y fósforo generada por los cultivos de maíz...

  19. Análisis multicriterio del impacto potencial del turismo en la anidación de las tortugas marinas en Chalacatepec, Jalisco

    OpenAIRE

    Y. Flores-Monter; F. Aceves-Quesada; García-Romero, A.; E.M. Peters Recagno

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: El litoral mexicano presenta hábitats aptos para la reproducción, refugio y crianza de tortugas marinas. Sin embargo, en la costa Chalacatepec, Jalisco, esta aptitud puede estar amenazada por el Proyecto Desarrollo Vistas (PDV), un complejo turístico mixto: hotelero, residencial, comercial y deportivo. El objetivo de la presente investigación, es evaluar el impacto potencial del turismo sobre la anidación de tortugas en dos etapas: a) Preparación y construcción y b) Operación y ...

  20. Entre el patrimonio natural y el cultural habita el mito: Isla del río Cuale (Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrade Romo, Edmundo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available International tourist places experience continuous changes, faster than non tourist cities or towns. This urban -tourist evolution is an excellent investigation subject to study local cultural heritage and its partner-anthropological implications, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, one of the three most important tourist centers in Mexico has not been the exception. This work notice how natural elements are transformed into cultural ones; by diachronic analysis diverse moments that conform and explain local identity are distinguished as well as the mythological construction about the local origin. Finally the former condition and social perception about the island, is exposed as the most significant natural-cultural element for people in Puerto Vallarta.

  1. Éxito de eclosión del cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus) y la tortuga golfina (Lepidochelys olivacea) en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Germán Cupul-Magaña; Oscar Saúl Aranda-Mena

    2005-01-01

    Se presentan resultados históricos del éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina (2001- 2004) y para el cocodrilo americano (2004-2005) en la región costera de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Se destaca un aumento en el éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina a la largo del período observado, producto posiblemente de las campañas de protección. Por otro lado, el estero Boca Negra es considerado como una zona importante para la reproducción del cocodrilo americano.

  2. Landscape changes in a coastal system undergoing tourism development: implications for Barra de Navidad Lagoon, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tara L. Holland

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Por medio de dos imágenes de satélite adquiridas en 1985 (Landsat TM y 2000 (Landsat ETM+, se analizan cuantitativamente los patrones de cambio de cobertura y uso del suelo ocurridos entre 1985 y 2000 en la laguna de Barra de Navidad, Jalisco, México y su cuenca de drenaje. El análisis de las imágenes se realizó mediante una clasificación supervisada y verificación en campo de seis categorías de uso/cobertura de suelo: lagunar, agricultura, selva seca tropical, manglar y sin vegetación. Los cambios espaciales en la composición del uso del suelo fueron evaluados utilizando una matriz de transición y los cambios de configuración se interpretaron utilizando la métrica del paisaje. Los resultados mostraron que las áreas urbanas y turísticas se expandieron, a costa de la selva baja y suelos sin cobertura. También el manglar mostró un gran decremento (-39% experimentando una severa fragmentación. Estos cambios parecen estar relacionados con el incremento de la sedimentación, resultado de la erosión del suelo aguas arriba y a la progradación de un abanico dentro de la laguna de Barra de Navidad. Los resultados obtenidos pueden servir como un modelo de comparación de otros sistemas que experimentan múltiples factores estresantes, especialmente cambios relacionados con el turismo y la intensificación del uso del suelo.

  3. Collapse of the northern Jalisco continental slope:Subduction erosion, forearc slivering, or subduction beneath the Tres Marias escarpment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandy, W. L.; Mortera-Gutierrez, C. A.; Ortiz-Zamora, G.; Ortega-Ramirez, J.; Galindo Dominguez, R. E.; Ponce-Núñez, F.; Pérez-Calderón, D.; Rufino-Contreras, I.; Valle-Hernández, S.; Pérez-González, E.

    2010-12-01

    The Jalisco subduction zone exhibits several interesting characteristics. Among these is that convergence between the Rivera and North American plate is highly oblique, especially north of 20N, the obliquity progressively increasing to the NW. By analogy to other better studied subduction zones, this distribution of forces should produce a NW-SE extension in the overriding plate, especially north of 20N. This has led to the proposal that the trench perpendicular Bahia de Banderas is an expression of this extension [Kostoglodov and Bandy, JGR, vol. 100, 1995]. To further investigate this proposal, multibeam bathymetric data and seafloor backscatter images, seismic reflection sub-bottom profiles and marine magnetic data were collected during the MORTIC08 campaign of the B.O. EL PUMA in March 2009. The bathymetric data provides for 100% coverage (20 to 200 meter spacing of the actual measured depth value depending on the water depth) of the continental slope and trench areas north of 20N. These data indicate that a marked change occurs in the morphology of the continental slope at 20N. To the north the slope consists of a broad, fairly flat plain lying between a steep lower inner trench slope to the west and a steep, concave seaward, escarpment to the east. In contrast, to the south the continental slope exhibits a more gradual deepening until the steep lower inner trench slope. A prominent submarine canyon deeply incises the continental slope between these two morphotectonic domains. This canyon appears to represent the boundary between two NW-SE diverging forearc blocks or slivers, consistent with the presence of oblique convergence. In contrast, the broad, fairly flat plain is better explained by subsidence induced by subduction erosion (i.e. erosion of the base of the overriding plate underneath the continental slope area). The shoaling of the trench axis northward towards the Puerto Vallarta Graben and subsequent deepening may be related to subduction of the

  4. Multichannel Seismic Imaging of the Rivera Plate Subduction at the Seismogenic Jalisco Block Area (Western Mexican Margin)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolome, Rafael; Górriz, Estefanía; Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Cordoba, Diego; Martí, David; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco; Bandy, William L.; Mortera-Gutiérrez, Carlos A.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, Jose Luis

    2016-06-01

    During the TSUJAL marine geophysical survey, conducted in February and March 2014, Spanish, Mexican and British scientists and technicians explored the western margin of Mexico, considered one of the most active seismic zones in America. This work aims to characterize the internal structure of the subduction zone of the Rivera plate beneath the North American plate in the offshore part of the Jalisco Block, to link the geodynamic and the recent tectonic deformation occurring there with the possible generation of tsunamis and earthquakes. For this purpose, it has been carried out acquisition, processing and geological interpretation of a multichannel seismic reflection profile running perpendicular to the margin. Crustal images show an oceanic domain, dominated by subduction-accretion along the lower slope of the margin with a subparallel sediment thickness of up to 1.6 s two-way travel time (approx. 2 km) in the Middle American Trench. Further, from these data the region appears to be prone to giant earthquake production. The top of the oceanic crust (intraplate reflector) is very well imaged. It is almost continuous along the profile with a gentle dip (<10°); however, it is disrupted by normal faulting resulting from the bending of the plate during subduction. The continental crust presents a well-developed accretionary prism consisting of highly deformed sediments with prominent slumping towards the trench that may be the result of past tsunamis. Also, a bottom simulating reflector (BSR) is identified in the first half a second (twtt) of the section. High amplitude reflections at around 7-8 s twtt clearly image a discontinuous Moho, defining a very gentle dipping subduction plane.

  5. Energy from Municipal Waste Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-01

    Each year Americans throw away 3 quads of energy in the form of municipal waste and pay 6 billion dollars for the privilege. Only about 21 percent of our municipal wastes are used productively to generate electricity or produce new products by recycling. In 1990, waste-to-energy (WTE) plants and recycling efforts contributed roughly half a quad of energy in the form of electricity and reduced energy use. This productive use of waste avoided the disposal of about 50 million tons of wastes to landfills in that year. The Administration National Energy Strategy (NES) estimates that with proper Federal, State, local, and private action the electric generating capacity of WTE facilities could increase 600 percent by 2010 and by over 1200 percent by 2030, compared to 1990 capacity. This would result in about 55 gigawatts (GW) of capacity by 2030, up from roughly 4 GW today. The Department of Energy (DOE) supports an integrated approach to waste management that includes source reduction, WTE, recycling, and landfilling as complementary pieces of a solution to the municipal waste disposal problem. The Energy from Municipal Waste Program, described in this plan, seeks to minimize the productive use of municipal waste as an energy resource to improving its economic and environmental characteristics. While the Program focuses on WTE systems, it is conducted as part of a larger Federal effort that includes source reduction and recycling of wastes to save energy.

  6. Morphology and shallow geological structure of the continental slope located between Manzanillo, Colima and Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico, using multibeam bathymetry and high resolution seismic reflection data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, M.; Bandy, W. L.; Mortera-Gutierrez, C. A.

    2013-05-01

    The west coast of Mexico presents a complex array of tectonic processes related with the subduction of the Rivera plate beneath the Jalisco Block/North American plate including seamount subduction and forearc slivering. To better understand these processes and related deformation, an analysis and integration of marine geophysical data was undertaken to map the morphology and shallow geologic structure of the continental slope located between Manzanillo, Colima and Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico (Longitude: 104 ° 20 'to 106 ° 0 Latitude: 18 ° 24 'to 19 ° 48'). These data include multibeam bathymetry and seafloor backscatter data (Kongsberg EM300 system) and high-resolution seismic reflection data (Kongsberg TOPAS system) collected during the MORTIC07 campaign aboard the oceanographic vessel "El Puma". 3D models of the bathymetry and acoustic backscatter strength were constructed along with maps of the major geological and structural features, such as landslides and active faults and folds. The analysis indicates that the continental slope in this area has undergone significant vertical and horizontal movements producing several large slump blocks, a prominent sedimentary filled basin, and a series of transpressional ridges suggestive of a recent collision and subduction of a seamount, or similar bathymetric features.

  7. Climate Ambassador Programmes in Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Pedersen, Stine Rahbek

    2016-01-01

    Some Danish municipalities have developed ambassador programmes which generate environmental and climate change mitigation efforts in local public administrations and institutions. This chapter analyses the characteristics and experiences of four ambassador programmes now operating...... in the municipalities of Furesø, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Frederiksberg and Hvidovre. Two of the ambassador programmes presented here focus primarily on climate change mitigation initiatives, and two have a broader focus on sustainable development. Important elements for the impact of these programmes are the networking among...

  8. Teatro Municipal, en Gelsenkirchen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruhnau, Werner

    1963-10-01

    Full Text Available Two very up to date principles have been tried at Gelsenkirchen, namely that of «transformable theatre», and the integration of the style of a building with that of the town and the landscape. Following these principles, two municipal theatres have been built, one seating 1,050 and the other 450 spectators. They are situated in the centre of the city, and constitute the nucleus of a new cultural centre in the midst of a highly industrial town; This is a project not aimed at any particular social group, but placed at the service of every man with an intellectual or artistic interest. These two buildings have reinforced concrete structures, metal roofs, and the trusses are protected against Are by means of a special asbestos treatment. Efficient air conditioning ducts are taken inside suspended concrete tubing, which run over the main theatre hall. This air conditioning produces no audible noise. The «transformability» of the theatre presented other difficult accoustical problems, which were overcome by means of plates which osciIate and open out. Aluminium laminas, with a large number of tiny holes to absorb noise, have also been fitted. These two buildings involve a close cooperation between the plastic artist and the architect. A number of works by Paul Dierkes and Yves Klein are placed inside these theatres. Externally. they are adorned with a concrete sculpture by Robert Adams, seeking to express the power of the spirit over matter.Dos principios muy de actualidad —de «teatro transformable» y de integración de la arquitectura en la ciudad y paisaje— han sido intentados en Gelsenkirchen, donde se construyeron dos teatros municipales: uno con 1.050 localidades y otro con 450. Emplazados en el centro de la ciudad, constituyen, como el núcleo de un nuevo foro, una obra al servicio del arte, del espíritu, en medio de una urbe industrial: una obra destinada no a una determinada clase social, sino para cada hombre interesado intelectual

  9. 78 FR 67467 - Registration of Municipal Advisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    .... Investment Strategies ix. Pooled Investment Vehicles x. Solicitation of a Municipal Entity or Obligated... marketed by unregulated financial intermediaries.'' \\3\\ Accordingly, in response to the financial crisis... entity.\\9\\ The definition of municipal advisor includes financial advisors, guaranteed...

  10. Urban ecology and the municipal utilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    1998-01-01

    Current management of municipal utilities for energy, water and solid waste is often in conflict with the ideas of ecological demonstrationprojects. The writer argue there is a need of transformation within municipal utilities and a need of new planning tools......Current management of municipal utilities for energy, water and solid waste is often in conflict with the ideas of ecological demonstrationprojects. The writer argue there is a need of transformation within municipal utilities and a need of new planning tools...

  11. Municipal waste - management and treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Though per capita waste generation in Nepalese urban cities is not so high, the lack of proper waste management is considered one of the severe problems to be faced by urban people in future. With rapid urbanization, life style of people is changing their habits and consuming more materials and producing a large volume of waste in urban areas in Nepal. The nature and amount of waste generated in municipality is dependent of demography and geography. But most common aspect of municipal waste in Nepal is more than 60% of the waste biodegradable. Whatever the nature and amount of waste generated, the most common practice of managing municipal waste is to dispose in the riverside nearby or dumped elsewhere. The involvement of private sector in waste management is a new concept adopted by many municipalities in Nepal. One of the most progress approaches, 4R (reduces, reuse, recycle and refuse) principle is being practiced. The need of awareness progressive like segregation of wastes at collection point also being practiced in Nepal. Finally, Proper formulation of program and legislation and its application is one of the major challenges for local authorities in Nepal. (author)

  12. Sustainability of municipal wastewater treatment.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roeleveld, P.J.; Klapwijk, A.; Eggels, P.G.; Rulkens, W.H.; Starkenburg, van W.

    1997-01-01

    n this study the insustainability of the treatment of municipal wastewater is evaluated with the LCA-methodology. Life-Cycle Assessments (LCA) analyze and assess the environmental profile over the entire life cycle of a product or process. The LCA-methodology proved to be a proper instrument to eval

  13. Diversidad de avispas parasitoides de la familia Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea del bosque tropical caducifolio en San Buenaventura, Jalisco, México Diversity of parasitoid wasps of the family Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea in the tropical dry forest of San Buenaventura, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Rodríguez-Velez

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados del estudio de la fauna de avispas parasitoides de la familia Encyrtidae en el bosque tropical caducifolio de San Buenaventura, Jalisco, México. El estudio se llevó a cabo de noviembre de 1996 a octubre de 1997. La recolección se realizó con trampas Malaise durante 5 días de cada mes. Se registró un total de 61 especies, 30 géneros, 13 tribus y 2 subfamilias. El mayor número de géneros y especies fue de la subfamilia Encyrtinae, con 22 géneros y 44 especies, seguida por Tetracneminae con 8 géneros y 17 especies. El género con mayor número de especies fue Metaphycus con 11. Las especies recolectadas no fueron abundantes, y su riqueza y abundancia varió estacionalmente, registrándose los valores más altos durante la temporada de lluvias. La similitud de la fauna de San Buenaventura, Jalisco con la de Huautla, Morelos fue mayor que la encontrada en otras regiones previamente estudiadas de bosque tropical caducifolio (San Javier, Sonora y Huatulco, Oaxaca.Results of a faunistic study of the parasitoid wasps of the family Encyrtidae of the tropical dry forest of San Buenaventura, Jalisco, Mexico are presented. The study was carried out from November 1996 to October 1997. Collecting technique was Malaise trapping. Collections were carried out during 5 days of every month. A total of 61 species, 30 genera, 13 tribes and 2 subfamilies were recorded. The subfamily with the largest number of species was Encyrtinae with 22 genera and 44 species, followed by Tetracneminae with 8 genera and 17 species. The genus with the largest number of species was Metaphycus with 11. Species had low abundance. Species richness and abundance varied with time, with the highest values recorded in the rainy season. The fauna of San Buenaventura, Jalisco was most similar to that of Huautla, Morelos, than to that of San Javier, Sonora and Huatulco, Oaxaca, all of them previously studied.

  14. ARQUEOFAUNA DEL SITIO ARQUEOLÓGICO EL PIÑÓN, CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO, MÉXICO/Archaeofauna of the archaeological site “El Piñón”, Cultura Bolaños, Jalisco, México.

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardo Rodríguez Galicia; Raúl Valadez Azúa; María Teresa Cabrero García

    2012-01-01

    La cultura Bolaños comprende diversas comunidades humanas que se asentaron en uno de los cañones que forman la Sierra Madre Occidental y se ubica, cronológicamente, entre el año 100 a.C. y llega al 1260 de nuestra era, extendiéndose desde el sur de Zacatecas hasta llegar a la desembocadura del río Grande de Santiago, en el centro de Jalisco, México. La base de su desarrollo fue el intercambio de artefactos por productos y materias primas que no existían en la región del occidente mexicano. Aq...

  15. Interpretación de índices antropométricos en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vásquez-Garibay Edgar Manuel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Valorar el estado de nutrición de niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco en Arandas, Jalisco, y discutir los criterios de clasificación de la desnutrición en México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal, desarrollado con 775 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad y que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej y 432 encuestas a niños de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se calcularon los índices peso/edad, talla/edad y peso/talla, y se investigaron características sociodemográficas y económicas y hábitos de alimentación; asimismo se compararon los criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS y de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM-SSA para definir la prevalencia de desnutrición. Resultados. Hubo baja escolaridad en ambos padres (3.6 años. El ingreso familiar fue de $198 dólares mensuales y cada miembro recibió 0.56 dólar/día para las tres comidas. La prevalencia de desnutrición fue mayor en los tres índices con el uso de la NOM-SSA que con el criterio de la OMS (peso/edad 91.7 vs. 30.9%; talla/edad 66.9 vs. 17.3%; peso/talla 62.5 vs. 9.5% respectivamente. Conclusiones. El índice peso/edad y la NOM SSA sobrestiman la prevalencia de desnutrición y no discriminan entre niños genéticamente pequeños, con desnutrición aguda o desnutrición crónica o pasada. Es más útil el criterio de la OMS. Se deben incluir los índices peso/talla (desnutrición reciente y talla/edad (desnutrición crónica para comparación internacional.

  16. Crecimiento económico y competitividad en las regiones. Las ciudades medias de Jalisco: el caso de Zapotlán El Grande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Macías Macías

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Zapotlán El Grande es una de las cinco ciudades medias de Jalisco que son partícipes del proceso de desconcentración de la actividad económica de la zona conurbada de Guadalajara. Aunque el proceso ha sido lento, estas ciudades necesitan mostrarse atractivas para ser receptoras de los capitales provenientes de la desconcentración. Por ello, es importante estudiar cuáles de estas ciudades presentan mayo res ventajas a la inversión en función de su desempeño económico reciente, destaca que Zapotlán El Grande manifiesta puntos débiles al respecto que limitan sus potencialidades de desarroll o, aunque los mismos se pueden revertir en la medida en que se aprovechen sus fortalezas.

  17. Population data and mutation rate of nine Y-STRs in a mestizo Mexican population from Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilla-Gutiérrez, Jorge Ramón; Valle, Yeminia; Quintero-Ramos, Antonio; Hernández, Guillermo; Rodarte, Katya; Ortiz, Rocío; Olivares, Norma; Rivas, Fernando

    2008-11-01

    Nine Y-STR (DYS19, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS446, DYS447, DYS448, DYS456 and DYS458) were analyzed in a male sample of 285 unrelated individuals from Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. The haplotype diversity (0.996) and discrimination capacity (0.986) were calculated. A family study of around 200 father/son pairs and among 1828 meiosis showed five mutational events. All mutations were single step. The overall mutation rate estimated across the nine Y-STRs was 2.7 x 10(-3) (95% CI 1.2-6.4 x 10(-3))/locus/meiosis. The results indicate that these nine loci are useful Y-linked markers for forensic applications.

  18. ¿De paisano a paisano? Explotación laboral y exclusión social de jornaleros chiapanecos en Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alonso Hernández López

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es poner de manifiesto y analizar las relaciones sociales y laborales entre una población mestiza de Los Altos de Jalisco (México y una población indígena migrante procedente de Chiapas en el sureste mexicano. Se constata que los migrantes chiapanecos se han convertido en mano de obra para aquellas tareas cuya exigencia física es mayor y por las cuales hay menor retribución económica; además, su presencia ha generado reacciones mayoritariamente negativas entre la población de recepción. Estas actitudes, según se concluye, recrean y dan forma a nuevas relaciones de sumisión, exclusión, subordinación y discriminación, enmarcadas en un contexto de reconversión productiva en torno al tequila.

  19. IMPACTOS DEL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO SOBRE LA AGROCLIMATOLOGÍA DEL MAÍZ EN CIÉNEGA DE CHAPALA, JALISCO

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Zarazúa-Villaseñor; José Ariel Ruiz-Corral; Diego Raymundo González-Eguiarte; Hugo Ernesto Flores-López; José Ron-Parra

    2011-01-01

    Los objetivos de este estudio fueron estimar los escenarios climáticos futuros para el ciclo primavera-verano en la región Ciénega de Chapala en Jalisco, México; estimar el impacto de los escenarios sobre los parámetros agroclimáticos y fenológicos del cultivo de maíz; y los escenarios climáticos sobre los requerimientos hídricos del cultivo de maíz en la zona de estudio. Se dispuso de bases de datos climáticos serie 1977-2006 de las estaciones de la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA), y la...

  20. Ecología de la anidación de Crocodylus acutus (Reptilia: Crococylidae) en la desembocadura del río Cuitzamala, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Casas Andreu

    2003-01-01

    Se estudió la ecología de la anidación del Cocodrilo Americano (Crocodylus acutus) en la desembocadura del Río Cuitzmala en la costa de Jalisco, México, en las temporadas de 1990 a 1993. La temporada de anidación es durante los meses de abril y mayo. Al analizar los datos compilados por otros autores y los de este estudio, se observa una tendencia latitudinal en el inicio de la anidación, siendo más temprana a bajas latitudes y más tardía a altas latitudes. Este mismo patrón puede ser aplicad...

  1. ambiental de agricultores orgánicos y convencionales en el ejido La Ciénega, municipio de El Limón, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo González-Figueroa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La agricultura moderna en México está causando contaminación y erosión; de ello deriva la creciente pobreza y marginación que se padece en diversas zonas rurales, donde la cultura y el sustento dependen de la agricultura. Entender y responder al fenómeno de la degradación ambiental implica comprender las ideas, valores y esperanzas de los campesinos y, a partir de ello, construir alternativas. En este artículo se presentan cuatro estudios de caso en el ejido de La Ciénega, municipio El Limón, en la región Costa Sur de Jalisco, México, buscando contextualizar estos casos en el debate sobre el desarrollo sustentable.

  2. Éxito de eclosión del cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus y la tortuga golfina (Lepidochelys olivacea en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. (Hatching success of American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus and Olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aranda-Mena, Oscar Saúl:

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan resultados históricos del éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina (2001-2004 y para el cocodrilo americano (2004-2005 en la región costera de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Se destaca un aumento en el éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina a la largo del período observado, producto posiblemente de las campañas de protección. Por otro lado, el estero “Boca Negra” es considerado como una zona importante para la reproducción del cocodrilo americano.AbstractWe present the historical results of hatching success of Olive ridley turtle (2001-2004 and the American crocodile (2004-2005 in the coastal region of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico. We observed an increase in the hatching success for the Olive ridley turtle during the studied period, product possibly of the protection programs. On the other hand, "Boca Negra" estuary is considered an important zone for the reproduction of the American crocodile.

  3. La introducción del riego hispano colonial y sus repercusiones: El caso de los regantes del Barrio de Tapias en Santa María de los Ángeles, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    R. Realpozo; González, C.

    2005-01-01

    Los sistemas de regadío vigentes desde la época colonial en la región Norte de Jalisco, son ejemplos vivos de la estructura social que hizo posible la producción de alimentos en una región con escasa precipitación.La presencia de los colonizadores hispa-nos en la región Norte de Jalisco, sólo puede explicarse a partir de la construcción de obras hidráulicas para la producción de alimentos. Ejemplo de ello son las acequias de común, localizadas en la micro región Colotlán-Santa María de los Án...

  4. Distribución y abundancia de los crustáceos estomatópodos de fondos blandos en las costas de Jalisco y Colima, México

    OpenAIRE

    Judith Arciniega Flores; Víctor Landa Jaime; Gaspar González Sansón

    1998-01-01

    Se presentan los resultados de tres cruceros, denominados DEM 1, DEM II y DEM III, efectuados durante 1995 y 1996. En cada crucero se visitaron siete sitios y se realizaron recolecciones a cuatro profundidades diferentes (20, 40, 60 y 80 m), en la plataforma continental de Jalisco y Colima, México, mediante arrastres camaroneros pareados. Se identificaron cinco géneros y nueve especies pertenecientes a las familias Eurysquillidae, Hemisquillidae, Lysiosquillidae y Squillidae. El crucero DEM I...

  5. Dieta y nicho de alimentación del coyote, zorra gris, mapache y jaguarundi en un bosque tropical caducifolio de la Costa Sur del Estado de Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio Guerrero; Mohammad H. Badii; Silvia S. ZALAPA; Flores, Adriana E.

    2002-01-01

    Se analizó la dieta, amplitud y sobreposición de nicho de alimentación para el coyote (Canis latrans), zorra gris (Urocyon cinereaoargenteus), mapache (Procyon lotor) y jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) en una zona de bosque tropical caducifolio de la costa sur de Jalisco, México. Para ello se recolectaron 430 excrementos de las cuatro especies: coyote (118), zorra gris (78), mapache (198) jaguarundi (36), fueron analizados y los contenidos determinados. Los resultados son reportados en f...

  6. Public deliberation in municipal planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bohøj, Morten; Borchorst, Nikolaj Gandrup; Bødker, Susanne;

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on an exploratory participatory design process aimed at supporting citizen deliberation in municipal planning. It presents the main outcomes of this process in terms of selected prototypes and an approach to the use setting. We support and discuss different ways for citizens...... to act and reflect on proposed plans: in-situ, while physically close to the planning object, and ex-situ, when citizens are remote from this. The support of in-situ and ex-situ participation allows citizens to engage in continuous reflection-in and on-action as a collaborative activity with other...

  7. Emergency Planning for Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemon, R. A.; And Others

    This manual for the development of emergency operating plans for municipal wastewater treatment systems was compiled using information provided by over two hundred municipal treatment systems. It covers emergencies caused by natural disasters, civil disorders and strikes, faulty maintenance, negligent operation, and accidents. The effects of such…

  8. Orientation to Municipal Wastewater Treatment. Training Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Water Program Operations (EPA), Cincinnati, OH. National Training and Operational Technology Center.

    Introductory-level material on municipal wastewater treatment facilities and processes is presented. Course topics include sources and characteristics of municipal wastewaters; objectives of wastewater treatment; design, operation, and maintenance factors; performance testing; plant staffing; and laboratory considerations. Chapter topics include…

  9. [Evaluation model for municipal health planning management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berretta, Isabel Quint; Lacerda, Josimari Telino de; Calvo, Maria Cristina Marino

    2011-11-01

    This article presents an evaluation model for municipal health planning management. The basis was a methodological study using the health planning theoretical framework to construct the evaluation matrix, in addition to an understanding of the organization and functioning designed by the Planning System of the Unified National Health System (PlanejaSUS) and definition of responsibilities for the municipal level under the Health Management Pact. The indicators and measures were validated using the consensus technique with specialists in planning and evaluation. The applicability was tested in 271 municipalities (counties) in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, based on population size. The proposed model features two evaluative dimensions which reflect the municipal health administrator's commitment to planning: the guarantee of resources and the internal and external relations needed for developing the activities. The data were analyzed using indicators, sub-dimensions, and dimensions. The study concludes that the model is feasible and appropriate for evaluating municipal performance in health planning management.

  10. Identifying important characteristics of municipal carbon footprints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, Hogne N.; Hertwich, Edgar G. [Industrial Ecology Programme and Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Realfagbygget E1, NO-7491 Trondheim (Norway)

    2010-11-15

    Local climate action has been identified as a vital contributor to global mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper focuses on the GHG emissions resulting from the provision of local public services, illustrated through the Carbon Footprint (CF) indicator. The CF of all 429 Norwegian municipalities is calculated and compared to variables of interest. Results show that the CF changes significantly depending on size and wealth. Small and/or wealthy municipalities tend to have a much higher CF per capita compared to more populated and/or less wealthy cities. While wealth and CF relate very well linearly, increased population is only beneficial up to a certain size. Results indicate that the CF per capita increases in municipalities with more than {proportional_to}50,000 inhabitants, thus indicating a possible ideal size of municipalities to achieve the optimal municipal CF. (author)

  11. Structural pattern at the northwestern sector of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift and tectonic implications for the Jalisco block, western Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urrutia-Fucugauchi, Jaime; González-Morán, Tomás

    2006-10-01

    Analysis of the aeromagnetic anomalies over the northwestern sector of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift documents a NE-SW pattern of lineaments that are perpendicular to the inferred NW-SE boundary between the Jalisco block and the Sierra Madre Occidental. The boundary lies within the central sector of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift immediately north of the Ceboruco and Tepetiltic stratovolcanoes and extends up to the San Juan stratovolcano, where it intersects the NE-SW magnetic anomaly lineament that runs toward the Pacific coast (which intersects two volcanic centers). This N35°E lineament separates the central rift zone of low amplitude mainly negative anomalies (except those positive anomalies over the stratovolcanoes) from the zone to the north and west characterized by high amplitude positive long wavelength anomalies. The NE-SW lineament is parallel to the western sector of the Ameca graben and the offshore Bahia de Banderas graben and to the structural features of the Punta Mita peninsula at the Pacific coast, and thus seems to form part of a regional NE-SW pattern oblique to the proposed westward or northwestward motion of the Jalisco block. The orientation of this regional structural pattern at the northern end of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift seems consistent with proposed dominant SW-directed extension along the rift during the Pliocene and Quaternary, rather than with NW-SE lateral strike-slip faulting. The orthogonal pattern that characterizes the northernmost boundary of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift is oblique to the pattern observed in the Grande de Santiago river (which conforms the northern limit of the rift) and for the central-eastern sectors of the Ameca graben (south of the rift). This spatial arrangement of major lineaments and structural elements points to a complex tectonic history for the region that includes the rifting of the Gulf of California and margin deformation due to plate convergence and kinematic re-organization events, and which may have resulted in

  12. ARQUEOFAUNA DEL SITIO ARQUEOLÓGICO EL PIÑÓN, CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO, MÉXICO/Archaeofauna of the archaeological site “El Piñón”, Cultura Bolaños, Jalisco, México.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Rodríguez Galicia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available La cultura Bolaños comprende diversas comunidades humanas que se asentaron en uno de los cañones que forman la Sierra Madre Occidental y se ubica, cronológicamente, entre el año 100 a.C. y llega al 1260 de nuestra era, extendiéndose desde el sur de Zacatecas hasta llegar a la desembocadura del río Grande de Santiago, en el centro de Jalisco, México. La base de su desarrollo fue el intercambio de artefactos por productos y materias primas que no existían en la región del occidente mexicano. Aquí el estudio arqueozoológico realizado con las colecciones de restos óseos obtenidos de las excavaciones efectuadas en el sitio arqueológico “El Piñón”, y su correspondiente interpretación, permitió reconstruir tanto el ambiente natural como el cultural suscitado en el pasado. La fauna identificada consistió, en un primer análisis preliminar, en poco más de 3333 especímenes óseos, entre huesos y dientes no modificados, y alterados por cocción, cremación o trabajados, los cuales correspondieron a más de 250 individuos, entre los que se pueden mencionar: conejos, liebres, ardillas, tuzas (topos, perros, pumas, linces, pecaríes, venados, guajolotes (pavos, patos, codornices y guacamayas verdes, entre otros vertebrados que son comunes al ambiente semiseco-templado que prevalece en la región de Zacatecas-Jalisco.   Abstract   The Bolaños culture is made up of many human communities that established in one of the western Sierra Madre canyons, Mexico. Their occupations are chronologically dated between 100 years BC and 1260 years AD, and extended from southern Zacatecas to the mouth of the Rio Grande of Santiago, in the center of Jalisco, Mexico. The basis of their development was the exchange of artifacts for products and raw material that didn’t exist in the western Mexican region. Here, the archaeozoological study performed with the bone remains recovered in excavations from the “El Piñon” archaeological site is

  13. Éxito de eclosión del cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus) y la tortuga golfina (Lepidochelys olivacea) en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. (Hatching success of American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) and Olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico)

    OpenAIRE

    Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán; Aranda-Mena, Oscar Saúl:

    2005-01-01

    Se presentan resultados históricos del éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina (2001-2004) y para el cocodrilo americano (2004-2005) en la región costera de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Se destaca un aumento en el éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina a la largo del período observado, producto posiblemente de las campañas de protección. Por otro lado, el estero “Boca Negra” es considerado como una zona importante para la reproducción del cocodrilo americano.AbstractWe present the h...

  14. La migración desde la mirada de los empleadores de una agroindustria de los Altos de Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de la Luz Pérez Padilla

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En los Altos de Jalisco, México, la migra- ción y la actividad agropecuaria son acti- vidades tradicionales con impacto econó- mico y social en la cotidianidad. Por ello se llevó a cabo un estudio cualitativo so- bre la percepción y experiencia de nueve empleadores de una empresa agroindus- trial respecto al fenómeno migratorio en la región, así como los costos y benefi cios que asocian al mismo. Los empleadores observan la disminución de emigrantes y el aumento de deportados. Identifi can un aumento de mujeres e hijos jóvenes ingre- sando a trabajar en la empresa. Como im- pacto negativo destacan: difi cultades de adaptación de los retornados, adquisición de costumbres diferentes, distanciamien- to o abandono familiar y falta de envío de remesas. Aprecian el desarrollo de nuevas cualidades y mayores exigencias hacia la empresa en los trabajadores migrantes de retorno.

  15. Notes on the Quality of Life of Artisanal Small-Scale Fishermen along the Pacific Coast of Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myrna Leticia Bravo-Olivas

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable fishing includes the socioeconomic status of fishers. We combined empirical quality of life (QOL and subjective lived experiences methods to explore the social sustainability of artisanal fishers in five fishery collectives along the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where the average daily income is slightly above the poverty level. The QOL scores were also related to annual catch and incomes within each collective. A QOL index is used in this study that combines importance and achievement ratings scores; the results are indicative of an acceptable QOL for fishermen. The concept of lived experiences, incorporating aspects of life relating to Mind, Body, Work and People was explored through interviews with 12 fishers. The QOL data revealed that family and friends are important indicators related to positive QOL reported by the sample, while economic indicators were not important. Although four of the five collectives perceived that the future looks worse than the present and past, there was limited correlation between catch or income and QOL. However, while the lived experiences exercise in part supported the QOL findings, in that People was the most important dimension for almost all of the fishers interviewed, negative economic gaps related to poor catches and incomes were prevalent in the Mind and Work dimensions. The findings suggest that to understand the socioeconomic component of sustainable fisheries, both of these approaches should be considered, as they can illuminate different aspects of fishers’ lives that need to be considered during the development of fisheries’ management policies.

  16. LOS EFECTOS DE “JOVA” EN EL MUNICIPIO DE AUTLÁN DE NAVARRO, JALISCO, MÉXICO: UN CASO HISTÓRICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Olguín-López

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo proporciona información de los efectos del Huracán “Jova” el pasado Octubre del 2011, fenómeno clasificado como atípico en el municipio de Autlán de Navarro, Jalisco, México. Registrado en un período de tiempo de 18 horas, con 330 mm de lluvia acumulada promedio (período de retorno de 75 años; lámina que alteró la capacidad de escorrentía en los cauces fluviales, causando desbordamientos y daños severos en zonas urbana y agrícola. Éste favoreció el ciclo de lluvias anual de la región (más de 40% de lámina precipitada y el volumen total de capacidad de las presas (más de 45%. El objetivo fue describir y analizar la distribución del huracán “Jova”, su impacto e interacción en los usos del suelo como actividades primarias; se resalta la importancia de la información climatológica, útil en la toma de decisiones y en la planeación estratégica del territorio.

  17. Agave azul y el desarrollo sustentable en la cuenca baja del río Ayuquila, Costa Sur de Jalisco (1994-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter R.W. Gerritsen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El agave azul (Agave tequilana Weber es un cultivo nuevo para la cuenca del río Ayuquila en la Costa Sur de Jalisco, y es importante para su progreso agropecuario. Sin embargo, se observan efectos socioambientales negativos. Desde 2003 se han estudiado las condiciones del cultivo y su expansión, así como alternativas posibles. Los resultados muestran un crecimiento acelerado desde su introducción, a mitad de la década de 1990. Se destaca una concentración de propietarios privados y a través de contratos. Si bien sembrar esta planta puede ser redituable, las tendencias cíclicas de sobreproducción y escasez han originado una falta de incentivos para hacerlo y un deterioro de la capacidad productiva. Se discuten las perspectivas del avance agropecuario basado en el cultivo del agave azul, y se ofrecen algunas recomendaciones para fomentar la sustentabilidad de su sistema de producción comercial.

  18. La prematurez y sus repercusiones en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, en la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Ramos Ramos

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tiene por objetivo conocer las repercusiones de la prematurez en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, para lo cual se hace un seguimiento de niños nacidos en hospitales de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, de los más representativos del Sistema de Atención Médica en México. Estos niños fueron seguidos con evaluaciones semestrales, tanto en lo que se refiere al estado nutricional (crecimiento, como al desarrollo (Prueba Selectiva de Denver. El análisis de los resultados se realiza con la consideración de las clases sociales como categorías determinantes, para ubicar posteriormente a la prematurez como variable dependiente. Los resultados sugieren que tanto la prematurez como las clases sociales son aspectos que, en Salud Pública, deben ser considerados en el momento de planificar las acciones de atención a la salud.

  19. APLICACIÓN DEL MÉTODO SERVQUAL EN LOS SERVICIOS DE ALUMBRADO PÚBLICO DE ZAPOPAN, JALISCO [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20030201002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Joel Torres Arreola

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Considerando que el uso de los Sistemas de Calidad en el sector público Mexicano se encuentra en un proceso inicial, este estudio revisa solo un aspecto de la implementación de los Sistemas de Calidad. En este caso, el Sistema de Calidad esta identificado como la certificación de las normas de calidad de la Organización Internacional de Estandarización (ISO, en inglés. El objetivo de esta investigación es medir a través del modelo SERVQUAL el grado en que el personal de la Dirección de Alumbrado Público de Zapopan (D. A. P. Z, Estado de Jalisco, ha asumido una filosofía de calidad con respecto a los servicios que ofrecen a través de su estructura organizacional, tratándose en este caso de una investigación aplicada. Es importante considerar que esta área tiene tres años de haber implementado un sistema de calidad como lo es la certificación ISO 9002.

  20. Financial indicators for municipalities: a quantitative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreĉko Devjak

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available From the characterization of Local Authority financing models and structures in Portugal and Slovenia, a set of financial and generic budget indicators has been established. These indicators may be used in a comparative analysis considering the Bragança District in Portugal, and municipalities of similar population size in Slovenia. The research identified significant differences, in terms of financing sources due to some discrepancies on financial models and competences of municipalities on each country. The results show that Portuguese and Slovenian municipalities, in 2003, for the economy indicator, had similar ranking behaviour, but in 2004, they changed this behaviour.

  1. European municipalities and the liberalized energy market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Municipalities are directly affected by the liberalization of the energy markets. Because they all consume or even produce energy, whether it be for their own consumption or to resell it, they often distribute gas, electricity or heat, they plan urban areas and organize the energy networks on their territory, while in addition citizens expect municipalities to inform them and even protect them against the possible excesses of energy salesmen. Elected representatives administrations, local agencies, municipal companies, citizens' associations etc., all have to innovate. This supplement to Energie-Cites INFO is intended to provide you with practical information and further analyses of the liberalization process. (authors)

  2. COMPOST PRODUCTION THROUGH UTILIZATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AND SEPTAGE BY BARSHI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL

    OpenAIRE

    Kanchan Wani

    2014-01-01

    Documented is a good practice conducted by Barshi Municipal Council (BMC), which effectively utilizes Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and septage for production of compost. Barshi is an 'A' class Municipal Council in Sholapur division of Maharashtra State, situated at a distance of about 71 km from Sholapur City on its northern side. Barshi town generates about 46 tons of solid waste on daily basis; while on annual basis averagely 200 septic tanks were cleaned by Urban Local Body ...

  3. Do Municipal Mergers Improve Fiscal Outcomes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Sune Welling; Houlberg, Kurt; Holm Pedersen, Lene

    2014-01-01

    Improved fiscal management is a frequent justification for promoting boundary consolidations. However, whether or not this is actually the case is rarely placed under rigorous empirical scrutiny. Hence, this article investigates if fiscal outcomes are improved when municipalities are merged....... The basic argument is that the conceptualisation of fiscal management in political science is often too narrow as it focuses on the budget and pays hardly any attention to balances in the final accounts and debts – elements of management which are central to policy making. On this background, the causal...... relationship between municipal mergers and fiscal outcomes is analysed. Measured on the balance between revenues and expenses, liquid assets and debts, municipal mergers improve the fiscal outcomes of the municipalities in a five-year perspective, although the pre-reform effects tend to be negative...

  4. Municipal service provision in rural communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Helle

    Municipal service provision in rural communities  EU policies for rural development stress the importance of investments rather than subsidies and aim at integrating different sectoral policies in order to improve the coherence and effectiveness of public expenditure. Policies also emphasize...... a place-based approach for rural development and thereby setting a competitive framework for local development. Rural municipalities are challenged due to demographic changes and population decline and consequently need to adjust municipal services. In this respect it is stressed that service provision...... communities. The paper further discusses whether rural municipalities can plan strategically, manage service provision and support place bound potential in rural communities in light of a competitive framework for local development....

  5. Stronger Municipalities for Stronger Cities in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Rémy Prud'homme; Hervé Huntzinger; Pierre Kopp

    2004-01-01

    In recent years a number of studies have been devoted to the twin issues of economic development and of decentralization in Argentina. Many papers have tried to understand the complex system of intergovernmental relations. Most of them, however, have focussed on the role of provinces, and neglected the problems raised by municipalities. This paper tries to bridge this gap, and to suggest that stronger municipalities could contribute to produce stronger cities that would in turn foster economi...

  6. MANAGER’S QUALIFICATIONS IN MUNICIPAL PARTNERSHIPS

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna Lubimow

    2014-01-01

    Managing a modern enterprise demands good and professional managers, hence nowadays a lot of attention is paid to managers’ qualifications. The issue of qualifications in a municipal partnership is a leading factor in a dynamically changing surrounding. The objective of the article is to present a catalogue of manager’s qualifications showing general qualifications and specific qualifications resulting from a specific roles which the managers of municipal partnerships play. In the article the...

  7. When municipalities lead co-production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tortzen, Anne

    2015-01-01

    from research in governance and leadership, the paper analyses a critical case of co-production in the Danish Municipality of Holbæk. The main focus is on exploring how leadership interventions are enacted by civil servants and politicians, and how these shape the co-production process. The analysis...... points to the significant role played by municipalities as hands-off leaders of co-production processes, and identifies leadership dynamics which merit further exploration....

  8. The case of municipal parking offices

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl, Dorte Boesby

    2012-01-01

    This paper is about the work and management of parking patrol officers in a Danish municipal department responsible for parking law enforcement. The job as a parking officer is un-skilled and fairly light in terms of physical demands, but quite demanding in terms of contact and coping with disgruntled car-drivers. In recent years the municipality has developed a strict policy in regard to parking, increasing both the enforcement of parking rules and the prices for parking. Alongside this deve...

  9. Analysis of recycling of municipal waste

    OpenAIRE

    Mládková, Klára

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the vield of sorted waste collestion and approachseparate collection system in the country. Chapter objective is focused on understanding the purpose of the work. The followin is the current workload issuesdescribed waste management, waste basic concepts, methodologies, dealing with thedetermination of quantity and composition of municipal waste collection systems and technology, and municipal waste collection. Then there is an explanation of what is recy...

  10. Pyrethroid insecticides in municipal wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weston, Donald P; Ramil, Heather L; Lydy, Michael J

    2013-11-01

    Pyrethroids are widely used insecticides, but minimal information has been published on their presence in municipal wastewater in the United States. Pyrethroids in wastewater from the Sacramento, California, USA, area consisted of permethrin, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, and cyhalothrin, with a combined concentration of 200 ng/L to 500 ng/L. Sampling within the wastewater collection system leading to the treatment plant suggested pyrethroids did not originate primarily from urban runoff, but could be from any of several drain disposal practices. Wastewater from residential areas was similar in pyrethroid composition and concentration to that from the larger metropolitan area as a whole. Secondary treatment removed approximately 90% of pyrethroids, but those remaining exceeded concentrations acutely toxic to sensitive species. Toxicity to the amphipod, Hyalella azteca, was consistently evident in the final effluent. The large river into which this particular plant discharged provided sufficient dilution such that pyrethroids were undetected in the river, and there was only slight toxicity of unknown cause in 1 river sample, but effects in receiving waters elsewhere will be site-specific. PMID:23893650

  11. Biostabilization of municipal solid waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adani, Fabrizio; Tambone, Fulvia; Gotti, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    A mechanical-biological process for municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment was monitored for one year. Mechanical pre-treatment provided two fractions. The oversize fraction (diameter > 50 mm) (yield of 600 g kg(-1) ww) (46 Mg day(-1)) was used for refuse derived fuel production, after undergoing a mechanical refining processes, because of low moisture content (200-250 g kg(-1)) and high calorific value (2500-2800 kcal kg ww(-1)). The undersize fraction (diameter MSW organic matter. This fraction was biologically treated using an aerobic process with an organic waste fraction from separate collection (77 Mg day(-1)) and recycled stabilized material (62 Mg day(-1)) obtained from end-product sieve (diameter biogas production and fermentable volatile solids were also used as parameters to describe the potential impact of treated waste, providing further useful information. Nevertheless, all of these methods revealed analytical or interpretative limits. A complete mass balance of the biological treatment section showed that, from a net input of 107 Mg day(-1), only 250 g kg(-1) (27 Mg day(-1)) of the waste needed to be landfilled, with 750 g kg(-1) (80 Mg day(-1)) being lost as CO2 and H2O. PMID:15381229

  12. Municipal bond financing of solar energy facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, S.S.

    1979-12-01

    The application of the laws of municipal bond financing to solar facilities is examined. The type of facilities under consideration are outlined. The general legal principles of municipal securities financing are discussed. The effect of recent decisions applying antitrust liability to municipal corporations is also discussed. Five specific types of municipal bonds are explained. The application of Section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, to the issuance of municipal bonds for solar facility financing is examined also. Five bond laws of five representative states are examined and whether the eight types of solar facilities under consideration could be financed under such law is discussed. The application of the general legal principle is illustrated. Three hypothetical situations are set forth and common legal issues to be confronted by city officials in proposing such financing are discussed. These issues will be raised in most financings, but the purpose is to examine the common context in which they are raised. It is concluded that if it can be shown that the purpose of the solar facilities to be financed is to benefit the public, all legal obstacles to the use of municipal financing of solar facilities can be substantially overcome.

  13. Safety of Municipal Loan in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stetsenko Tetiana V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article is justification of the necessity of legal regulation of actions of the bodies of local self-government when detecting signs of insolvency. Each stage of municipal loans management is analysed from the point of view of availability of legal rules, which do not allow making municipal loans by territorial communities of the cities with weak financial state or regulate sequence of actions of municipalities in default times. The following results were obtained: majority of legal restrictions in the sphere of local finance management are directed at prevention of ungrounded loans or have the form of sanctions, applied to local bodies, which perform their debt obligations with delay; the state formally controls the process of making municipal loans, avoiding financial responsibility; the national legislation does not contain the mechanism of regulation of actions of territorial communities, which experience difficulties when performing debt obligations. The article proves expediency of adoption of a uniform regulatory-legal act in Ukraine, which would regulate all economic relations connected with making municipal loans. This legal document shall contain a section about actions of the municipality-debtor when signs of default start to appear, announcement of default and declaration of the debtor insolvent (bankrupt. The article recommends the following structure of this section: regulation of the procedure of default announcement avoidance; announcement of default with the pre-trial restoration of the debtor’s solvency; and announcement of default with declaring the debtor bankrupt juridically.

  14. Riesgo de contagio de Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual (ITS) y VIH/SIDA desde el punto de vista de adolescentes migrantes del Estado de Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa Margarita Torres López; Rosalba Alejandra Iñiguez Huitrado; Manuel Pando Moreno; José Gpe. Salazar Estrada

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el riesgo de contagio de ITS y VIH/SIDA desde el punto de vista de los adolescentes y las adolescentes migrantes de Jalisco, México. La finalidad fue identificar elementos para comprender el punto de vista de los adolescentes y de las adolescentes migrantes, y con ello fortalecer los programas de atención para la población que migra. El tipo estudio fue cualitativo exploratorio. La duración del estudio fue de 18 meses, de enero de 2006 a junio de 2007...

  15. Mecanismos de Democracia Directa en Jalisco, México: entre la contención, la simulación y la manipulación ciudadana. Cuatro estudios de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Rigoberto Soria Romo; Andrea Karina Sánchez Alvarado

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo analiza la instrumentación de diversos Mecanismos de Democracia Directa (MDD) aplicados en el estado de Jalisco, México. Dichos MDD son el referéndum, el plebiscito y la iniciativa popular, a los que se agrega la revocación de mandato reglamentado por el Ayuntamiento de Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, municipio del mismo estado. El propósito declarado de los MDD es elevar la calidad de la democracia vía mayor participación ciudadana. Sin embargo, se concluye en el presente trabajo q...

  16. Impacto de la pesca en la estructura, función y productividad del ecosistema de la plataforma continental de las costas de Jalisco y Colima, México

    OpenAIRE

    Galván Piña, Víctor Hugo

    2005-01-01

    Se construyó un modelo trófico basado en ECOPATH para describir la estructura y los flujos de biomasa del ecosistema de la plataforma continental de las costas de Jalisco y Colima, México. El modelo incluye a 38 grupos funcionales, 22 de peces, 9 de invertebrados y un grupo para cada uno de los siguientes: mamíferos marinos, aves marinas, tortugas marinas, zooplancton, fitoplancton, peces muertos (FAC) y detritus. El detritus, zooplancton y fitoplancton impactan positivamente la mayoría de lo...

  17. Municipal consultation key to understanding haul road maintenance agreements for Saskatchewan rural municipalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current municipal perspectives regarding the oil and gas industry in Saskatchewan were described. Municipal jurisdiction and authority regarding road development and heavy haul road maintenance agreements were defined. Based on actual work experience, collaborative working relationships between the oil and gas industry and the municipal sector is well worth some industry time and effort since it will result in cost savings for the industry. In general, rural municipalities receive very limited tax benefits to recapture the costs of road reconstruction and maintenance caused by heavy industry traffic. Road servicing costs can be recaptured only if companies respect the weight limits, hauling regulations and road bans. On the whole, municipalities in Saskatchewan are favourably disposed towards the oil and gas industry, and have done well in the past to accommodate industry's needs. It is not unreasonable therefore to expect that industry show sensitivity to the impact of its activities on the local municipality, and does its level best to be on good terms with the municipalities through early two-way communication. Text of some relevant acts of the Legislature respecting the powers and authorities of rural municipalities are appended

  18. Is Municipal Solid Waste Recycling Economically Efficient?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavee, Doron

    2007-12-01

    It has traditionally been argued that recycling municipal solid waste (MSW) is usually not economically viable and that only when externalities, long-term dynamic considerations, and/or the entire product life cycle are taken into account, recycling becomes worthwhile from a social point of view. This article explores the results of a wide study conducted in Israel in the years 2000 2004. Our results reveal that recycling is optimal more often than usually claimed, even when externality considerations are ignored. The study is unique in the tools it uses to explore the efficiency of recycling: a computer-based simulation applied to an extensive database. We developed a simulation for assessing the costs of handling and treating MSW under different waste-management systems and used this simulation to explore possible cost reductions obtained by designating some of the waste (otherwise sent to landfill) to recycling. We ran the simulation on data from 79 municipalities in Israel that produce over 60% of MSW in Israel. For each municipality, we were able to arrive at an optimal method of waste management and compare the costs associated with 100% landfilling to the costs born by the municipality when some of the waste is recycled. Our results indicate that for 51% of the municipalities, it would be efficient to adopt recycling, even without accounting for externality costs. We found that by adopting recycling, municipalities would be able to reduce direct costs by an average of 11%. Through interviews conducted with representatives of municipalities, we were also able to identify obstacles to the utilization of recycling, answering in part the question of why actual recycling levels in Israel are lower than our model predicts they should be.

  19. Actividad física, conductas sedentarias y calidad de vida en adolescentes universitarios de Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Con el objeto de evaluar la asociación de la actividad física y conductas sedentarias con la calidad de vida en universitarios en Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco, México, se estudiaron 881 adolescentes de 17-19 años de edad. Se utilizaron los cuestionarios en línea: Youth Quality of Life Instrument Research versión y el Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Se obtuvo razón de momios [RM] mediante regresión logística simple y múltiple. El número de días de actividad física se relacionó con el índice total superior, dominios general superior, personal superior y ambiental superior. Jugar en > 2 equipos deportivos se relacionó con el índice total superior, dominio general superior, dominio personal superior y dominio ambiental superior. Tener 4-5 clases de educación física a la semana se relacionó con el dominio general superior. Pasar dos o menos horas al día frente a la pantalla se relacionó con el dominio relacional superior. En conclusión, en los universitarios adolescentes mexicanos se asoció a indicadores de mejor calidad de vida, el realizar actividad física 4 o más días a la semana, asistir a clases de educación física 4 o 5 semanales, participar en 2 o más equipos deportivos y pasar menos de 2 horas diarias horas frente a pantallas en actividades recreativas.

  20. A Municipal 'Climate Revolution'? The Shaping of Municipal Climate Change Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoff, Jens Villiam; Strobel, Bjarne W.

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the climate policies formulated by Danish municipalities, and the huge variation in scope and ambition of these policies. Based on a survey covering all Danish municipalities, it is found that 72% of all municipalities have climate change action plans with annual CO2......-reduction goals between 0.9 and 5.9%. Size of municipality, degree of incorporation of climate change policies in the municipal administration, presence of ‘green organizations’, as well as membership of national and international climate networks, are found to be of importance for the level of ambition...... of the climate plans. Denne artikel undersøger danske kommuners klimapolitik, og den store variation i denne. Med udgangspunkt i en spørgeskemaundersøgelse omfattende alle danske kommuner konstateres det, at 72% af kommunerne har en klimahandlingsplan, som fastsætter årlige CO2-reduktioner for kommunen som...

  1. Asociaciones de larvas de peces en relación a cambios ambientales en las Bahías Chamela, Jalisco y Santiago-Manzanillo, Colima (2001-2002 Larval fish associations related to environmental changes in Bahía Chamela, Jalisco and Santiago-Manzanillo, Colima (2001-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia A. Silva-Segundo

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó la influencia de los factores ambienta les sobre las asociaciones espacio-temporales de larvas de peces frente a Bahía Chamela, Jalisco y el conjunto de bahías Santiago-Manzanillo, Colima, durante un ciclo anual (2001-2002. Se identificaron dos agrupaciones relacionadas con la fisiografía de la costa y el hábitat de los adultos, una frente a Bahía Chamela integrada por una mezcla de especies de hábitats costero, demersal e intermareal-submareal (Bregmaceros bathymaster, Bairdiella sp., Cynoscion sp., Engraulis mordax y Labrisomidae tipo 1 y otra en Santiago-Manzanillo compuesta por especies de origen lagunar e intermareal-submareal (Eucinostomus sp., Abudefduf troschelii, Haemulidae tipos 2 y 3, así como Enneanectes sexmaculatus. La organización temporal estuvo influenciada por la alternancia entre dos periodos (cálido y templado definidos por la variabilidad ambiental regional. El periodo cálido estuvo caracterizado por especies principalmente tropicales (Harengula thrissina, Eucinostomus sp., Auxis sp. y Haemulidae tipo 3, relacionadas con una mayor temperatura y precipitación pluvial, en cambio durante el periodo templado dominaron las especies de afinidad tropical-subtropical (B. bathymaster, Bairdiella sp., Cynoscion sp. y E. mordax, relacionadas con una menor temperatura e incrementos en las concentraciones de nutrimentos, clorofila-a y zooplancton.Spatial and temporal structure of fish larvae associations and their relationship to the environmental variability were studied at Bahía Chamela, Jalisco, and Santiago-Manzanillo complex, Colima, during 2001-2002. Two spatial aggregations were found, related to the coastal physiography and to the adult habitat. The first was observed at Bahía Chamela, which integrated a combination of species belonging to coastal, demersal and inshore habitats (Bregmaceros bathymaster, Bairdiella sp., Cynoscion sp., Engraulis mordax, and Labrisomidae type 1 and the other in Santiago

  2. Composition of municipal solid waste in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edjabou, Vincent Maklawe Essonanawe; Petersen, Claus; Scheutz, Charlotte;

    2014-01-01

    Data for the composition of municipal solid waste is a critical basis for any assessment of waste technologies and waste management systems. The detailed quantification of waste fractions is absolutely needed for a better technological development of waste treatment. The current waste composition...... comparability to characterize municipal solid waste. This methodology was applied to residual waste collected from 1,442 households in three municipalities in Denmark. The main fractions contributing to the residual household waste were food waste and miscellaneous waste. Statistical analysis suggested...... of standardised and commonly accepted waste characterization methodologies, various approaches have been reported in literature. This limits both comparability and applicability of the results. The purpose of this study was to introduce a consistent methodology that reduces uncertainties and ensures data...

  3. Organic school meals in three Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Chen; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    . Copenhagen has established a large central kitchen, producing partly organic food that is heated and sold in tuck shops at the schools. Roskilde cooperates with an organic catering company, delivering food to be sold in school canteens. Gladsaxe has part-time employed staff preparing and selling food at each...... school, and these people are educated about organic food by a municipal coordinator.  Based on interviews with key informants in the three municipalities, the report describes the involved actors, interactions among actors, and barriers and future plans regarding an increased consumption of organic food...... in school meals. Similarities and differences between the municipalities are discussed. The main challenges for an increased consumption of organic food in schools are related to lack of infrastructure in the schools such as kitchens and dining halls, and that the school meal systems developed so far...

  4. Benchmarking in municipal solid waste recycling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavee, Doron; Khatib, Mahmood

    2010-11-01

    The paper presents an analysis of the factors influencing the recycling potential of municipalities in Israel, including population size and density, geographic location, current waste levels, and current waste management system. We employ a standard regression analysis in order to develop an econometric model to predict where potential for economically efficient recycling is highest. By applying this model to readily available data, it is possible to predict with close to 90% accuracy whether or not recycling will be economically efficient in any given municipality. Government agencies working to promote advanced waste management solutions have at their disposal only limited resources and budget, and so must concentrate their efforts where they will be most effective. The paper thus provides policy-makers with a powerful tool to help direct their efforts to promote recycling at those municipalities where it is indeed optimal.

  5. Municipalities as facilitators, regulators and energy consumers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybæk, Rikke; Kjær, Tyge

    2015-01-01

    of digestible organic waste materials, are being utilized for energy purposes. By looking at municipalities as energy consumer’s, that constitutes a local market for biogas, as regulator’s, enforcing new requirements and regulations on the biogas sector, and finally as facilitator’s, assisting and helping......Biogas provides many potential benefits as far as renewable energy production, environmental protection and job creation etc. Insufficient initiatives from government/municipalities however hamper more biogas plants to be established, and hence that the large manure potential, and other types...... involved stakeholders, the development of the biogas sector could be enhanced. We suggest to: Slim the documentation needed; Require that a part of the municipal heat are provided by biogas; Identify alternative heat markets for sale of non-upgraded biogas; Map new types of gas boosters, etc. We conclude...

  6. Municipalities as facilitators, regulators and energy consumers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybæk, Rikke; Kjær, Tyge

    2015-01-01

    of digestible organic waste materials, are being utilized for energy purposes. By looking at municipalities as energy consumer’s, that constitutes a local market for biogas, as regulator’s, enforcing new requirements and regulations on the biogas sector, and finally as facilitator’s, assisting and helping...... involved stakeholders, the development of the biogas sector could be enhanced. We suggest to: Slim the documentation needed; Require that a part of the municipal heat are provided by biogas; Identify alternative heat markets for sale of non-upgraded biogas; Map new types of gas boosters, etc. We conclude......Biogas provides many potential benefits as far as renewable energy production, environmental protection and job creation etc. Insufficient initiatives from government/municipalities however hamper more biogas plants to be established, and hence that the large manure potential, and other types...

  7. Municipal energy managers; Responsables energie municipaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    On 1 and 2 July, municipal energy managers from all over Europe met in Stuttgart, Germany. On these two days, more the 150 participants form 22 countries listened to presentations, took part in excursions to cutting-edge energy conservation projects in Stuttgart and, above all, participated in a broad array of workshops presented by experts firmly grounded in local practice. 27 experts drawn from 11 European countries showcased their projects and imparted their experience. The event has been accompanied by an exhibition of companies and service providers offering energy-conservation products and planning services. The first workshop dealt with energy management in Europe and examples from different active municipalities; the second one with energy management in Germany and best practice in the leading cities; the third one with non-municipal and European projects. (A.L.B.)

  8. Selection of technologies for municipal wastewater treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Rodríguez Miranda

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In water environmental planning in watersheds should contain aspects for the decontamination of receiving water body, therefore the selection of the treatment plants municipal wastewater in developing countries, you should consider aspects of the typical composition raw wastewater pollutant removal efficiency by technology, performance indicators for technology, environmental aspects of localization and spatial localization strategy. This methodology is built on the basis of technical, economic and environmental attributes, such as a tool for decision making future investments in treatment plants municipal wastewater with multidisciplinary elements.

  9. The energy balance of the Tolmin Municipality

    OpenAIRE

    Tuma, Matija; Sekavčnik, Mihael; Drole, Miran

    2015-01-01

    The energy balance of the Tolmin municipality Tolmin is presented in this paper. All types of energy coming from renewable and nonrenewable sources, which are within or crossing the borders of the municipality, are precisely analyzed. The energy supply is studied in terms of the type of energy source and consumer. A comparison is made with the data that applies to the whole Slovenia. V članku je obravnavana energijska bilanca v občini Tolmin. Podrobneje so raziskane vse vrste energij, obno...

  10. Changing land use by comparing municipal spatial plans of municipalities Pivka and Žirovnica

    OpenAIRE

    Matičič, Ana

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is the comparison and analysis of the basic and detailed land use in the municipalities Pivka and Žirovnica. We compared data on basic and detailed land use of existing municipal spatial plans (OPN) with data of the previous valid municipal spatial plans (spatial components for medium- and long-term social plans and the spatial planning conditions). Basic land use are shown on the maps in scale 1 : 25000, while detailed land use are shown in the scale 1 : 5 000. We ...

  11. How to encourage road noise abatement in Nordic municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Claus Hedegaard

    2008-01-01

    municipalities actively provide and implement road noise abatement measures in situations of existent residential areas and roads. For the municipal organisation, regularly mapping the noise problem and making status reports of the achievements are very important. Civil servants should also use any opportunity...... to already existing residential areas and roads is: which conditions in the municipal organisation and its institutional environment contribute to making municipalities provide and implement noise abatement measures? Th e assumption is that three factors infl uence how the municipalities prioritize among...... political issues: the municipal organisation itself, the local institutional environment (citizens, business and NGOs), and the state and trans-municipal networks. A study of the anatomy of municipal road noise abatement policy shows that conditions for implementing road noise abatement in existing...

  12. Biodegradability determination of municipal waste: an evaluation of methods

    OpenAIRE

    Godley, Andrew R.; Lewin, Kathy; Graham, Adele; Barker, H.; Smith, Richard

    2004-01-01

    The Environment Agency is required to monitor the diversion of biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) from landfill. Reliable methods are needed to measure the biodegradability of municipal waste, both as mixed municipal waste and as individually separated fractions. An evaluation of several methods was carried out using a variety of organic materials typically found in municipal solid waste. The assessment considered biological and non-biological methods to determine which provid...

  13. Greening Public Buildings: ESCO-Contracting in Danish Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev; Rohr Hansen, Jesper

    2013-01-01

    , and to make them more energy efficient. At the moment 30 municipalities (of the 98 municipalities in Denmark) are involved in, or preparing, ESCO contracts. Nevertheless, ESCO-contracting still faces many challenges on the Danish market, as there is a widespread skepticism towards the concept amongst...... growth in ESCO-contracts reflects that the ESCO-concept fits well with a number of present problems that municipalities are facing, as well as a flexible adaptation to the local context in different municipalities....

  14. TRANSFORMATION OF SOCIAL GOVERNMENT CONCEPT IN TURKEY: SOCIAL MUNICIPALISM

    OpenAIRE

    BATAL, Salih

    2015-01-01

    In our work we focused on social municipalism concept. After understanding of new social government subrogates welfare state, new concept of social municipalism ensues. While social government is an issue for centralized administration, it acquires new aspect together with social municipalism and then is a subject of local government. In such a way that local government has an authority on social municipalism, this situation effects local public life in a good way and also it demon...

  15. Republic of Honduras : Tegucigalpa Municipality PEFA

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; PPIAF

    2013-01-01

    This Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) assessment of the public finance management (PFM) systems of the Municipality of the Central District of Honduras (AMDC) was prepared by a World Bank team, working closely together with the AMDC. The study is based on the Public Financial Management Performance Measurement Framework developed by the PEFA program. It incorporates t...

  16. PYROLYSIS OF MUNICIPAL AND INDUSTRIAL WASTE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper provides a historical overview of some 21 U.S. research and development activities associated with municipal/industrial waste and biomass conversion-to-energy pyrolysis technologies. The history begins in the early 1970's and is brought forward to the present. Of the 21...

  17. Municipal Treated Wastewater Irrigation: Microbiological Risk Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Lonigro

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Municipal wastewater for irrigation, though treated, can contain substances and pathogens toxic for humans and animals. Pathogens, although not harmful from an agronomical aspect, undoubtedly represent a major concern with regards to sanitary and hygienic profile. In fact, vegetable crops irrigated with treated wastewater exalt the risk of infection since these products can also be eaten raw, as well as transformed or cooked. Practically, the evaluation of the microbiological risk is important to verify if the microbial limits imposed by law for treated municipal wastewater for irrigation, are valid, thus justifying the treatments costs, or if they are too low and, therefore, they don’ t justify them. Different probabilistic models have been studied to assess the microbiological risk; among these, the Beta-Poisson model resulted the most reliable. Thus, the Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Vegetali of the University of Bari, which has been carrying out researches on irrigation with municipal filtered wastewater for several years, considered interesting to verify if the microbial limits imposed by the italian law n.185/03 are too severe, estimating the biological risk by the probabilistic Beta-Poisson model. Results of field trials on vegetable crops irrigated by municipal filtered wastewater, processed by the Beta-Poisson model, show that the probability to get infection and/or illness is extremely low, and that the actual italian microbial limits are excessively restrictive.

  18. THE MANAGEMENET OF MUNICIPAL AND INDUSTRIAL WASTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana-Maria PĂTRĂȘ COIU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main aspects regarding the municipal and industrial waste.A waste tabular structure, the international symbols of their collection and treatment, and thecodes of the waste main types are also exposed. The European objectives on wastemanagement and on population education regarding the waste recovery and recycling withdirect impact on environment protection are focuse.

  19. Municipal solid waste analysis in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Heidari

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: In the recent years Municipal Solid Waste (MSW has been one of the most important environmental concerns to throughout regions of Iran. Sound MSW management for any area needs to the reliable data in which present the actual MSW condition in that area. The aim of this study is express of integrated view of MSW in Iran."nMaterials and Methods:  In this study we collect the data from various municipal regions of Iran, to represent the roughly integrated view of MSW management situation in Iran. In this paper quantity, average generation rate, physical composition, and types of disposal methods in all of municipal regions of Iran also were investigated."nResults: Results from this study has shown that the amount of MSW generated in all of the municipal regions of Iran was 10370798 tons per year, and the average generation rate of MSW was 0.64 kg/capita/day. Results showed that only 6% of MSW was recycled, 10% was treated at organic waste (composting plants, and about 84% was disposed of in landfill."nConclusion: According to obtained results from this study and compare  MSW composition of Iran to some countries, its found that MSW properties in Iran is near to MSW properties in Low-income countries. Since the most of MSW in Iran contain organic fraction, there is a high potential to develop of composting industry.

  20. THE MANAGEMENET OF MUNICIPAL AND INDUSTRIAL WASTE

    OpenAIRE

    Ana-Maria PĂTRĂȘ COIU

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the main aspects regarding the municipal and industrial waste.A waste tabular structure, the international symbols of their collection and treatment, and thecodes of the waste main types are also exposed. The European objectives on wastemanagement and on population education regarding the waste recovery and recycling withdirect impact on environment protection are focuse.

  1. 40 CFR 230.50 - Municipal and private water supplies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Municipal and private water supplies... Potential Effects on Human Use Characteristics § 230.50 Municipal and private water supplies. (a) Municipal and private water supplies consist of surface water or ground water which is directed to the intake...

  2. Modeling of municipal greenhouse gas emissions. Calculation of greenhouse gas emissions and the reduction possibilities of Dutch municipalities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries de, Willem

    2011-01-01

    Summary Municipalities represent an active governmental layer in the Netherlands. They often have ambitions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this way the municipalities take responsibility to reduce the threat of global warming. To implement effect

  3. Tsujal Marine Survey: Crustal Characterization of the Rivera Plate-Jalisco Block Boundary and its Implications for Seismic and Tsunami Hazard Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolome, R.; Danobeitia, J.; Barba, D. C., Sr.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Cameselle, A. L.; Estrada, F.; Prada, M.; Bandy, W. L.

    2014-12-01

    During the spring of 2014, a team of Spanish and Mexican scientists explored the western margin of Mexico in the frame of the TSUJAL project. The two main objectives were to characterize the nature and structure of the lithosphere and to identify potential sources triggering earthquakes and tsunamis at the contact between Rivera plate-Jalisco block with the North American Plate. With these purposes a set of marine geophysical data were acquired aboard the RRS James Cook. This work is focus in the southern part of the TSUJAL survey, where we obtain seismic images from the oceanic domain up to the continental shelf. Thus, more than 800 km of MCS data, divided in 7 profiles, have been acquired with a 6km long streamer and using an air-gun sources ranging from 5800 c.i. to 3540 c.i. Furthermore, a wide-angle seismic profile of 190 km length was recorded in 16 OBS deployed perpendicular to the coast of Manzanillo. Gravity and magnetic, multibeam bathymetry and sub-bottom profiler data were recorded simultaneously with seismic data in the offshore area. Preliminary stacked MCS seismic sections reveal the crustal structure in the different domains of the Mexican margin. The contact between the Rivera and NA Plates is observed as a strong reflection at 6 s two way travel time (TWTT), in a parallel offshore profile (TS01), south of Manzanillo. This contact is also identified in a perpendicular profile, TS02, along a section of more than 100 km in length crossing the Rivera transform zone, and the plate boundary between Cocos and Rivera Plates. Northwards, offshore Pto. Vallarta, the MCS data reveals high amplitude reflections at around 7-8.5 s TWTT, roughly 2.5-3.5 s TWTT below the seafloor, that conspicuously define the subduction plane (TS06b). These strong reflections which we interpret as the Moho discontinuity define the starting bending of subduction of Rivera Plate. Another clear pattern observed within the first second of the MCS data shows evidences of a bottom

  4. Análisis multicriterio del impacto potencial del turismo en la anidación de las tortugas marinas en Chalacatepec, Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Flores-Monter

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El litoral mexicano presenta hábitats aptos para la reproducción, refugio y crianza de tortugas marinas. Sin embargo, en la costa Chalacatepec, Jalisco, esta aptitud puede estar amenazada por el Proyecto Desarrollo Vistas (PDV, un complejo turístico mixto: hotelero, residencial, comercial y deportivo. El objetivo de la presente investigación, es evaluar el impacto potencial del turismo sobre la anidación de tortugas en dos etapas: a Preparación y construcción y b Operación y mantenimiento, como una herramienta de ayuda a la toma de decisiones en la conservación de las especies Lepidochelys olivácea (tortuga golfina, Chelonia agassizii (tortuga prieta y Dermochelys coriácea (tortuga laúd. Método: Se calculó la densidad de anidación (nidos por kilómetro y se utilizó el método de evaluación multicriterio (EMC discreto Proceso Analítico Jerárquico (PAJ, para estimar el impacto de 8 amenazas turísticas: desmonte y despalme, excavaciones, rellenos, contaminación sonora, residuos sólidos, presencia de personal de obra y construcciones provisionales, iluminación artificial del frente de playa y concentración de visitantes. Se construyó una matriz de comparación, se asignó un peso a cada amenaza, y mediante el uso de un SIG se generaron los mapas de impacto potencial del turismo. Resultados: Las amenazas con mayor peso o ponderación (eigenvector total fueron los rellenos (0.36482 y la concentración de visitantes (0.38194. La construcción y operación turística puede afectar el 59.8% de las anidaciones e impactar principalmente en la costa sur el km 1 (1 142 registros de nidos colectados y, en la costa norte el km 1 (329 nidos, km 3 (311 nidos, km 4 (268 nidos y km 5 (151 nidos. Discusión o Conclusión: La playa de anidación en Chalacatepec es de gran importancia para la protección y conservación de las tortugas marinas. La presente EMC fue una herramienta adecuada para estimar las consecuencias del

  5. Energy management in municipal heritage; Management de l'energie dans le patrimoine municipal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Energie-Cites has organized a week dedicated to the practices of energy consumption management in the municipalities and to network practices for energy efficiency. Practical presentations and site visits provided the participants with many methodological elements on energy policy, electricity demand management, optimising the design of municipal buildings, energy efficiency, integrated logistics for use of biomass energy, methods of energy consumption monitoring, legal framework for energy efficiency. (A.L.B.)

  6. Closure Alternatives for Municipal Waste Landfills.Study Case: Municipal Waste Landfill Medias,Sibiu County

    OpenAIRE

    R. MIHĂIESCU; L. MUNTEAN; C. BODEA; Cristina MODOI; C. MALOŞ; MIHĂIESCU Tania; V. Arghiuş; Gh. ROŞIAN; Baciu, N.

    2010-01-01

    In the recent decades, the environmental impact produced by municipal solid wastes has received specialattention. All new EU countries are involved in the process of implementation of the European Council Directive31/99/EC on the landfill of waste in the European Union. As consequence National legislation, adapted to fit the EUrequirements, focuses on integrated waste management and environmental control of municipal solid waste landfills,from start-up to closure and assimilation into the env...

  7. Abundancia estacional, fenología reproductiva y fidelidad al sitio del mulato (Melanotis caerulescens en ambientes ribereños del suroeste de Jalisco Seasonal abundance, reproductive phenology and site fidelity in riparian environments of the Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens in southwestern Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz de los Milagros Rodríguez-Parga

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio describe la abundancia estacional, fenología reproductiva y fidelidad al sitio de Melanotis caerulescens, especie de ave endémica de México, localmente conocida como mulato y valorada por su canto. Se realizó un muestreo con el método de captura con redes de niebla durante 2 años en 3 sitios de la vegetación ribereña del río Ayuquila, Jalisco. Se caracterizó el hábitat mediante muestreos de los estratos arbóreo, arbustivo y herbáceo. Mediante modelos lineales generalizados se analizaron las diferencias de cobertura de los estratos entre los sitios y se identificó el efecto del sitio y el mes sobre la abundancia de la especie. La presencia de parche de incubación y protuberancia cloacal describe un periodo reproductor de abril a agosto. La abundancia del mulato se relacionó positivamente con sitios de mayor cobertura arbustiva y el análisis de fidelidad (por presencia-ausencia de 16 individuos mostró que 3 parejas reproductoras mantuvieron sus territorios. Estos resultados sugieren que mantener una adecuada densidad de sotobosque arbustivo en zonas ribereñas es importante para proveer alimento y áreas para la nidificación que requiere el mulato. El presente estudio es relevante por tratarse de los primeros datos al respecto que se publican sobre esta especie endémica.This study describes the seasonal abundance, reproductive phenology and site fidelity of the Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens, an endemic species of Mexico noted for its singing capabilities. This species was sampled using mist-nets for 2 consecutive years at 3 sites of riparian vegetation in the Ayuquila River, Jalisco. Habitat characterization was carried out through sampling strata of trees, shrubs, and herbaceous ground cover. We used Generalized Linear Models to analyze the differences in coverage strata between the sites, and to identify the effect of site and month on the abundance of the species. The presence of a brood patch and

  8. Zonas hortofrutícolas emergentes en México. ¿Viabilidad de largo plazo o coyuntura de corto plazo?. La producción de aguacate en el sur de Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Macías Macías

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El aguacate es el cultivo que mayor dinamismo registra en el sur del estado de Jalisco en la primera década del siglo XXI. Ello corresponde a los cambios que se vienen dando en la relación comercial entre México y los Estados Unidos, así como a la cercanía de la región con Michoacán, principal zona productora. Esta actividad económica, que se presenta como potencial detonadora de la economía regional, forma parte de un modelo agroindustrial que en aras de la rentabilidad económica, puede resultar depredador de los recursos locales e incrementar los niveles de vulnerabilidad de los territorio de producción, tanto desde el punto de vista económico, como medioambiental.

  9. Producing usable fuel from municipal solid waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohlsson, O. O.

    Refuse disposal is a matter of increasing concern for municipalities and state governments. As existing land-fills become filled to capacity, and new landfills become more costly to site, it has become critical to develop alternative disposal methods. Some of the refuse that is presently being landfilled has the potential to provide considerable quantities of energy and thereby replace conventional fossil fuels. Another environmental concern is the problem of the emissions associated with combustion of traditional fossil fuels. The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 significantly restrict the level of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) emissions permissible as effluent from combustion facilities. To address both of these concerns, Argonne National Laboratory, under sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has developed a means of producing fuel from municipal solid waste that can be co-fired with coal to supplement coal supplies and reduce problematic emissions.

  10. BIOTECHNOLOGY OF UTILIZATION OF MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER SEDIMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Nikovskaya

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of information on air-conditioning contaminated with heavy metals sludge municipal wastewater points to the actual ecological and chemical problem and its solution could be implemented within the framework of the biological process involving heterotrophic microorganisms. Information on the spread, toxicity, biochemistry, microbiology, colloidal and chemical properties of sludge sediments of municipal wastewater biological treatment is given in the review. These sediments contain vitamins, amino acids, organic matter, heavy metals (micro- and macroelements. Therefore the most rational approach to sludge wastes utilization is their use as an agricultural fertilizer after partial removal of heavy metals. Hence, the interaction of sludge components with heavy metals, modern methods of their removing from biocolloidal systems and biotechnologies of conversion of sludge wastes into fertilizer based on the enhancing of vital ability of sludge biocenoses are discussed.

  11. Municipalities as promoters of energy efficient buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Quitzau, Maj-Britt; Hoffmann, Birgitte; Elle, Morten;

    Planning authorities generally experience difficulties in disseminating energy efficient technologies in the built environment. Although planning authorities formulate objectives to promote energy efficient build-ings, these objectives often turn out to be declarations of intent, since...... the authorities fail to mobilise the stakeholders to implement energy efficient technologies in local building practices. This points towards a need to reframe policy initiatives in order to take the complexity of the challenge of dissemination of energy efficient technologies in practice into account......; acknowledging that singular instruments are seldom sufficient to boost a wider transition in building practices, since no simple cause or driver for change exists. The municipal level is essential in facilitating change within energy efficient technologies, since municipals have strong interrelations...

  12. Energy utilization: municipal waste incineration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaBeck, M.F.

    1981-03-27

    An assessment is made of the technical and economical feasibility of converting municipal waste into useful and useable energy. The concept presented involves retrofitting an existing municipal incinerator with the systems and equipment necessary to produce process steam and electric power. The concept is economically attractive since the cost of necessary waste heat recovery equipment is usually a comparatively small percentage of the cost of the original incinerator installation. Technical data obtained from presently operating incinerators designed specifically for generating energy, documents the technical feasibility and stipulates certain design constraints. The investigation includes a cost summary; description of process and facilities; conceptual design; economic analysis; derivation of costs; itemized estimated costs; design and construction schedule; and some drawings.

  13. La introducción del riego hispano colonial y sus repercusiones: El caso de los regantes del Barrio de Tapias en Santa María de los Ángeles, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Realpozo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Los sistemas de regadío vigentes desde la época colonial en la región Norte de Jalisco, son ejemplos vivos de la estructura social que hizo posible la producción de alimentos en una región con escasa precipitación.La presencia de los colonizadores hispa-nos en la región Norte de Jalisco, sólo puede explicarse a partir de la construcción de obras hidráulicas para la producción de alimentos. Ejemplo de ello son las acequias de común, localizadas en la micro región Colotlán-Santa María de los Ángeles, las cuales, hasta media-dos de los años 70’s del siglo XX, hicieron famosa a la región por la producción de sus huertas para el abasto de frutas como: nogal, membrillo, granado, limas, ciruelas, aguacates, así como una amplia variedad de verduras en la región. La producción agrícola ha estado respaldada por una organización de regantes que tiene como patrono a San Miguel Arcángel. Esta institución, reconocida por su sólida estructura interna desde hace varias décadas, se encuentra en crisis debido a las modificaciones que ha sufrido en la toma de decisiones para dar paso a los cultivos forrajeros que están ganando terreno sobre los cultivos hortícolas. Todo ello, ha provocado fuertes conflictos en la organización interior de los citados regantes. Como resultado de esta crisis estructural, están desapareciendo las acequias, para dar lugar a los espacios urbanos y las implicaciones que ello conlleva.

  14. Selection of technologies for municipal wastewater treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Pablo Rodríguez Miranda; César Augusto García Ubaque; Janneth Pardo Pinzón

    2015-01-01

    In water environmental planning in watersheds should contain aspects for the decontamination of receiving water body, therefore the selection of the treatment plants municipal wastewater in developing countries, you should consider aspects of the typical composition raw wastewater pollutant removal efficiency by technology, performance indicators for technology, environmental aspects of localization and spatial localization strategy. This methodology is built on the basis of technical, econom...

  15. Suspended solids from industrial and municipal origins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenwinkel, K H; Weichgrebe, D; Meyer, H; Wendler, D

    2001-10-01

    The origins of suspended solids are the effluents of municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants and storm sewage treatment. This paper deals with the sources of industrial and municipal wastewater treatment and the single treatment of side streams. An overview of the common treatment processes is given and the main sinks for suspended solids are named and described. The food industry is based on the processing of organic matter (fruits, etc.). During the single processing steps three main fractions occur, inorganic material (e.g., from the washing step), organic residues (e.g., the peel), and suspended solids (SS) in the wastewater. Today higher rates of recycling (water and raw materials) can be found in all kinds of industrial processes. The principle is that avoidance should take precedence over utilization which should take precedence over disposal. Numerous possibilities of production-integrated measures exist, e.g., conveyance of production circuits, product recovery, and stepped cleaning. Despite and/or due to these efforts, huge amounts of residues occur. They are the main sink for suspended solids. Only seldom is landfilling used to treat these residues. Usually utilization as animal nourishment or biological (aerobic or anaerobic) or thermal (incineration) treatment methods are used. Huge capacities for a codigestion of agroindustrial residues (substrates) and wastewater sludge can be found in municipal digesters. As most of the food processing factories are indirect dischargers, the largest amount of the SS fraction in the wastewater is led to municipal wastewater treatment plants. Rarely, a connection between the SS concentrations in the influent and those in the effluent can be observed in conventional wastewater treatment. As a polishing step, filtration methods gain more and more importance with regard to suspended solids removal. PMID:11689029

  16. CHALLENGES OF MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HUNGARY

    OpenAIRE

    ZOLTÁN OROSZ; ISTVÁN FAZEKAS

    2008-01-01

    Aims, tasks and priorities of medium term development plans of national waste management were defined in the National Waste Management Plan, which was made for the period of 2003–2008 in Hungary. Supporting of the European Union is indispensable for carrying out of plan. The most important areas are related to the developing projects of municipal solid waste treatment (increasingthe capacity of landfills, accomplishment of the infrastructure of selective waste collection, building of new comp...

  17. Municipal community obstetrics in a developing country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, O

    1980-10-01

    In 1971 the maternity care delivery system in Salisbury, Zimbabwe was reorganized. Prior to that time, all maternity services were provided by the Harare Maternity Hospital but the facility was not able to adequately meet the needs of the community. In 1970 the problem was studied and a design for a new system was adopted. This system was described and the system's service statistics for 1973-1977 were provided. Under the new system 7 minicipal maternity units were established in different parts of the city. These units provide prenatal, delivery, and postnatal care for all low risk pregnancy cases in the community. The units are staffed by 3 sisters trained in general nursing and midwifery, 6 midwifery assistants, and 3 maids. Patients at these units receive highly personalized services. Pregnant women in the community initially present at the municipal unit in their area. The patient is screened and if judged to be a high risk case the patient is transferred on to the Harare Maternity Hospital. Efforts are made to promote cooperation between the personnel in the units and the personnel at the hospital and to provide continuing education for personnel at all levels. The system is functioning well and both the patients and the service providers are satisfied with the new arrangement. In 1977, 8949 deliveries were performed at the hospital and 9386 at the municipal units. The stillbirth rate/1000 live births was 54.5 among hospital patients and 2.0 among municipal unit patients. The perinatal mortality rate/1000 live births was 88.6 among hospital delivered infants and 6.1 among municipal unit delivered infants. Prenatal clinic attendances increased from 61,758 in 1973 to 113,899 in 1977. PMID:7445060

  18. The Gender Wage Gap : - among Swedish municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Rickardsson, Jonna; Göthberg, Josefine

    2015-01-01

    Though successively decreasing over time, gender wage gaps are still large in all western countries. When gender wage gaps exist, there is an unequal distribution of economic power between men and women. This paper examines variables that significantly relate to the differences in the size of the gender wage gap across Swedish municipalities. With data gathered from Statistics Sweden and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency for the year 2011, a series of OLS regressions are performed. By exami...

  19. Municipal Bonds : Is India ready for more?

    OpenAIRE

    Chandrasekaran, Pravin; Katayama, Roy

    2006-01-01

    In India, municipal development projects benefiting the public often get impeded by the political and institutional framework of the Central Government. In many cases in India, a major constraint is financing these projects. According to the 12th Finance Commission report most of the infrastructure initiatives have been stalled due to financial constraints. For instance, the shortfall in financing to achieve the water and sanitation sector goals in India’s Tenth Plan is estimated ...

  20. EXPLAINING COOPERATION IN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Tiller, Kelly H.; Jakus, Paul M.

    2004-01-01

    As traditional methods of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) become increasingly expensive due to increased regulation, many local governments are considering cooperation as a waste management strategy. A theoretical model is used to specify a partial observability probability model in which the decision Tennessee counties made to form either a single-county solid waste region or a multi-county region. We find that, while economies of scale may be a factor in the consolidation decision, ...

  1. Digital Governance (in Romanian Municipalities. A Longitudinal Assessment of Municipal Web Sites in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin Vrabie

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a comparative cross-country study in order to know the level of web services implementation at the municipality level (what are the public services that municipalities offer to their citizens using the electronic platforms. We’ve accessed each municipality web portal from Romania (103 in total and using a defined scale; and rated every one very strictly. Most of the elements used in this research are taken from previous studies, adapted afterwards to take in relevant values for my country. Although there are numerous Romanian initiatives of connecting to the Internet even smaller communities, like small towns or even communes, we have chosen the municipalities due to the positive relation between the number of inhabitants and the capacity to e-Government of the local public administration. All of the 103 Romanian municipalities have been analysed and the results obtained will be presented on each class (there are 5 different classes – e-doc, transparency, etc., but also by the final results.

  2. Application of accrual accounting in Iran municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Eamaeilzade Maghariee

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Accrual accounting is a technique for recognizing expenses when incurred and revenue when earned rather than when payment is made or received. In the cash method of accounting, on the other hand, cash receipts and disbursements technique of accounting or cash accounting records revenue when cash is earned, and expenses when they are paid in cash. In this paper, we present an empirical investigation to study the effect of implementing accrual accounting in municipality of Amol, Iran. The survey investigates whether or not financial reporting based on accrual accounting compared with a cash basis could provide a better method for promoting accountability. Using, regression analysis, the study compares the performance of accrual accounting versus cash accounting and the results have indicated that accrual accounting could improve the performance of accounting in municipality system. In addition, the study has examined whether or not converting cash to accrual accounting basis in municipalities could improve qualitative characteristics of accounting information. To examine this hypothesis, the study has designed a questionnaire in Likert scale to measure the quality of information and, using some statistical tests, the survey has concluded accrual accounting indeed provided better quality characteristics information.

  3. Municipal solid waste management in Cartago province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia M. Soto-Córdoba

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper resumes the principals results obtained by the grant EUROPEAID/126635/M/ACT/CR”, that was realized by FUNDATEC, and whose bene­ficiary was the “Federación de Municipalidades de Cartago, Costa Rica”, the Project received a funding of 74,920 euros. We work with all the Municipalities of the Cartago Province. In addition, we show the results of the interviews of social actors, visits to the recycle sites, visits of municipalities, during the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, and the review of literature. We describe the actual situation of the management of solid waste in Cartago, determinate the gene­ration rates by person and identified the principal landfill disposes, the recycle companies and deter­minate the main problems associated with the solid waste. It is hope that the information presented here, pro­vides the basis for the future construction of plans of municipal solid waste management, and for the capacitation of community organization in the pro­vince of Cartago.

  4. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AMONG MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Mehrdad

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Waste collection is a necessary activity all around the world and the removal of municipal solid waste is a job associated with a variety of biological, chemical, mechanical, physical, and psychosocial hazards. In our country, like many developing countries, municipal solid waste is collected manually and collection of household waste is also a job which requires repeated heavy physical activity such as lifting, carrying, pulling, and pushing. We performed this study to evaluate musculoskeletal disorders among municipal solid waste workers. We designed a cross sectional study. Our survey instrument for measurement of musculoskeletal symptoms was adapted from the Standardized Nordic Questionnaire that translated into Farsi language. A total of 65% (n=142 of participants reported that they had been troubled with musculoskeletal symptoms in one or more of the 9 defined body regions during the last 12 months. Prevalence of symptoms in low back, knees, shoulders, upper back and neck were 45, 29, 24, 23 and 22% respectively. Foreign workers reported more musculoskeletal symptoms in all body parts than Iranian workers. The differences between prevalence of symptoms between two groups were significant in all parts of body except knees. The study found that solid waste workers have more musculoskeletal disorders than general population. Meanwhile these symptoms were more common among foreign workers. The risk of disease was increased with the increasing years of working as solid waste worker and smoking. We didn't find relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and education or marriage status of workers.

  5. Closure Alternatives for Municipal Waste Landfills.Study Case: Municipal Waste Landfill Medias,Sibiu County

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIHĂIESCU R.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the recent decades, the environmental impact produced by municipal solid wastes has received specialattention. All new EU countries are involved in the process of implementation of the European Council Directive31/99/EC on the landfill of waste in the European Union. As consequence National legislation, adapted to fit the EUrequirements, focuses on integrated waste management and environmental control of municipal solid waste landfills,from start-up to closure and assimilation into the environment. In Romania, by Government decision, HG 349/2005,was established the obligatoriness of closing unconform waste landfills located in urban areas starting at July 2009. Asconsequence the owner of municipal waste landfill Medias started the proceedings of closure for the landfill. The aim ofthis study is to compare, from an environmental point of view, different alternatives for the closure of the municipalsolid waste landfill Somard-Medias (Romania.

  6. Analysis of fiscal competitiveness in Lithuania’s municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Bajorūnienė

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays municipal revenue management and administrative issues are more important and problematic. It is noted that in Lithuania’s separate municipalities collected budget revenues, formed budget expenditure, set borrowing limits, allocated from the state budget financial resources (grants are significantly different. In order to determine reasons for these differences, it is appropriate to analyze the municipal fiscal competitiveness and identify fiscal competitiveness factors of individual Lithuanian municipalities. Understanding municipal fiscal competitiveness factors helps to explain why some municipalities more successfully than others increase tax revenue level and financial - social opportunities of their populations. This scientific article is funded by the Research Council of Lithuania according to the project „The evaluation of municipalities’ fiscal competitiveness in the context of economic growth” (2015-2018, registration No. MIP-013/2015.

  7. Does municipal co-financing reduce hospitalisation rates in Denmark?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vrangbæk, Karsten; Lærke Sørensen, Mette

    2013-01-01

    Aims: To provide a preliminary answer to the question of whether the economic incentives introduced by the municipal co-financing of hospital services work as intended in the reform. Methods: This study is based on 30 statistical cross-section linear regressions, OLS, using data from Statistics...... Denmark (Statistikbanken) and the Municipal Financial Accounts. Supplemented by data from a survey study from municipal health managers in all municipalities of the country. Results: Despite the favourable conditions presented by the design of our analysis, it is not possible to demonstrate a clear link...... between local efforts and number of admissions from the municipalities. Conclusions: The study does not support one of the fundamental theoretical assumptions behind the municipal co-financing introduced in the 2007 structural reform in Denmark. While the study failed to establish systematic links between...

  8. Possibilities of municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash utilisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Silvie; Koval, Lukáš; Škrobánková, Hana; Matýsek, Dalibor; Winter, Franz; Purgar, Amon

    2015-08-01

    Properties of the waste treatment residual fly ash generated from municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash were investigated in this study. Six different mortar blends with the addition of the municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash were evaluated. The Portland cement replacement levels of the municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash used were 25%, 30% and 50%. Both, raw and washed municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash samples were examined. According to the mineralogical composition measurements, a 22.6% increase in the pozzolanic/hydraulic properties was observed for the washed municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash sample. The maximum replacement level of 25% for the washed municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash in mortar blends was established in order to preserve the compressive strength properties. Moreover, the leaching characteristics of the crushed mortar blend was analysed in order to examine the immobilisation of its hazardous contents. PMID:26060198

  9. Management and Employee Sati sfaction in a Municipal Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Polona Kambič

    2014-01-01

    Research Question (RQ): Do knowledge and skills of the director of municipal administration have an influence on employee satisfaction? Purpose: To research the knowledge and skills, a leader needs to guide employees towards reaching a work place satisfaction and consequently towards higher effectiveness of the organization. Method: A case study on a smaller municipal administration based on an interview with the director of municipal administration on development of knowledge and skill...

  10. An Empirical Analysis of Halifax Municipal Water Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr.; White, Katherine; Smith, Wm. Doyle; Walke, Adam G.

    2012-01-01

    Recent empirical research for municipal water consumption has uncovered a variety of interesting growth patterns. This study examines municipal water usage over time for Halifax, Nova Scotia, the thirteenth largest metropolitan economy in the Canada. Results from a dynamic error correction modeling approach estimated using quarterly frequency data indicate that municipal water consumption reacts in statistically significant manners to changes in real price, per capita employment levels, and...

  11. Municipal engineers and local government in the Transvaal before 1910

    OpenAIRE

    Maki, Harri Raimo Juhani

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the history of the first town engineers in the Transvaal before the Union. It will briefly examine the changes in local government in the Transvaal, focusing on municipal engineers. Examination is made of the selection processes applied in their appointments and the circumstances at the end of their tenures. It explores what was expected of municipal engineers during this period; shows what their position within the municipal structure was; and explains how ...

  12. Approaches to participative planning : Potential applications in municipal energy planning

    OpenAIRE

    Ljung, Stina

    2010-01-01

    This thesis explores potential participatory approaches suitable for a municipal energy planning context. It also analyses the possibility of using those approaches in energy planning processes in ten Swedish municipalities. Swedish municipal energy plans display differences in terms of quality, comprehensiveness and implementation. According to participation literature, planning processes can be improved by stakeholder participation. This study was carried out in four steps: creation of a th...

  13. Present Development Trend of China's Municipal Sewage Treatment Sector

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The years before 2020 will be the period with the accelerated development of urbanization in China. According to the experience in other countries, the biggest problem in this period will be pollution to the municipal environment. The municipal sewage treatment, in particular, can not meet the needs in the development of cities in China. The municipal environment will be aggravated fast, producing serious impacts on the ecological environment and the sound economic development.

  14. Industrial and Municipal Wastewater Treatment in the Sequencing Batch Reactor

    OpenAIRE

    Vrtovsek, J.; Ros, M.

    2008-01-01

    A mixture of Industrial wastewater from chemical industry (varnish, paint and pigments production) and municipal wastewater was treated in pilot sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Results of the pilot experiments show that the foaming problem has great influence on the behavior of SBR, especially when the ratio between industrial and municipal wastewater is very high. Foaming problem was negligible when the mixture with φ; 20 % of the industrial wastewater and j = 80 % of the municipal wastewate...

  15. A Business Case Method for IT Investments in Danish Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Nielsen, Peter Axel

    2012-01-01

    Effective management of information technology (IT) investments is increasingly important for Danish municipalities. This is why they along with other both public and private sector organizations increasingly are using IT business cases. The business case is a document specifying the main rationale...... behind the expected value and cost of an IT investment for the adopting organization. However, experiences from Danish municipalities reveal difficulties in developing effective IT business cases for purposes beyond simple cost savings. Based on collaborative action research with Danish municipalities...

  16. Communication quality and added value: a measurement instrument for municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Vos, Marita

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – This study aims at a better understanding of communication quality and how it can be measured in the municipal context. A previously developed instrument for measuring communication in municipalities was tested and evaluated. Design/methodology/approach - The instrument draws on the balanced scorecard of Kaplan and Norton and quality control procedures as utilised by the European Foundation of Quality Measurement. For municipalities, communication quality can be defined as the d...

  17. Neurological symptoms and syndromes in municipal transport drivers

    OpenAIRE

    Halina Sińczuk-Walczak; Jadwiga Siedlecka; Wiesław Szymczak; Elżbieta Gadzicka; Agata Walczak; Grażyna Kowalczyk; Marta Dania; Alicja Bortkiewicz

    2015-01-01

    Background: The way the municipal transport drivers perform their job contributes to varied burdens linked with the body posture at work, stress, shift work, vibration, noise and exposure to chemical agents. The aim of the study was to assess the condition of the nervous system (NS) in municipal transport drivers. Material and Methods: The study covered 42 men, aged 43.4 years (standard deviation (SD): 8.3), employed as bus drivers in the municipal transport enterprise. The duration of employ...

  18. Sports Facilities, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amelar, Sarah

    2001-01-01

    Highlights a new K-12 school gymnasium in Mexico that changes and reacts to weather conditions, requires no air conditioning, and, on typical days, uses sunlight filtering through its ample clerestory as the sole source of illumination. Includes numerous photographs, a section drawing, and a site plan. (GR)

  19. Evaluating the efficiency of municipalities in collecting and processing municipal solid waste: A shared input DEA-model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Complexity in local waste management calls for more in depth efficiency analysis. ► Shared-input Data Envelopment Analysis can provide solution. ► Considerable room for the Flemish municipalities to improve their cost efficiency. - Abstract: This paper proposed an adjusted “shared-input” version of the popular efficiency measurement technique Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) that enables evaluating municipality waste collection and processing performances in settings in which one input (waste costs) is shared among treatment efforts of multiple municipal solid waste fractions. The main advantage of this version of DEA is that it not only provides an estimate of the municipalities overall cost efficiency but also estimates of the municipalities’ cost efficiency in the treatment of the different fractions of municipal solid waste (MSW). To illustrate the practical usefulness of the shared input DEA-model, we apply the model to data on 293 municipalities in Flanders, Belgium, for the year 2008.

  20. Tourist valorization of the municipality of Negotin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čučulović Rodoljub

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available According to its physical-geographical and socio-economical characteristics, the municipality of Negotin belongs to the territories with favorable tourist potentials. In order to scientifically validate this fact, in this paper tourist valorization has been performed using quantitative-qualitative method, giving attractiveness ranking values, based on which conclusions have been made on the direction and forms of tourist potential. The results obtained from tourist valorization have shown that the hydrographic potential and fauna are rated as good (3, and have the highest general tourist value among natural resources. General values are graded as satisfactory (1.8 and the climate is graded as unsatisfactory (1.2. Valorization of anthropogenic characteristics gave the maximal general value (4 to cultural-historical objects including sacral objects - monasteries and churches and the Rajac pimnice. The Rajac pimnice have an especially high value, as they represent, for us, a unique value that can be considered in diverse ways and adjusted to tourist utilization. Based on the performed tourist valorization it can be noted that the general tourist value of the municipality of Negotin is of regional ranking, though anthropogenic potentials are of national ranking and part of them, as emphasized, are objects that are internationally important. The basic shortcoming is the low road quality leading to places of important tourist value, even though the road network is favorable, and there are also many weaknesses in the receptive tourist base. Improvement of these shortcomings would create a good image of the municipality of Negotin in continental tourism of the Republic of Serbia.

  1. Early mathematics intervention in a Danish municipality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindenskov, Lena; Weng, Peter

    2013-01-01

    We describe a pilot project 2009 – 2010 about early intervention in second grade mathematics (about 8 years old) in Frederiksberg, a Danish urban municipality. We shortly describe the background of the pilot project, aims and organisation in four design cycles. We explore the pilot teachers' feed...... as a starting point. We find an urgent need to develop and research projects on early intervention in Nordic school culture, preferably in critical dialogue with international research in this field. , while critically discussing ideas and experiences from other countries....

  2. Municipal Solid Waste Management in China

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Ruofei; Liu, Sibei

    2010-01-01

    As the fast development of the urbanization and the growth of GDP in China, there is and will be more and more demands for energy consumption. In the meantime, it also creates a growing number of municipal solid waste (MSW), especially in the recent years, MSW has experienced a dramatic increase. However, the MSW management system is poor and cause many pollution problems in the cities of China, especially in the middle and small cities, at the aspects of waste collection, waste sorting, recy...

  3. Determinantes do endividamento municipal em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Fernando Diogo Vilaça

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Economia, Mercados e Políticas Públicas O objectivo desta dissertação consiste em analisar os factores que explicam o índice de endividamento dos Municípios portugueses entre 2003 e 2007. Em Portugal, os municípios surgiram no pós-25 de Abril de 1974 com atribuições desempenhadas até aí pela Administração Central. No entanto, nem sempre foram acompanhadas por transferências suficientes provocando o recurso ao crédito. Este endividamento municipal t...

  4. Environmental sustainability of ozonating municipal waste water

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik Fred; Hansen, Peter Augusto

    The EU FP6 NEPTUNE project is related to the EU Water Framework Directive and the main goal is to develop new and optimize existing waste water treatment technologies (WWTT) and sludge handling methods for municipal waste water. Besides nutrients, a special focus area is micropollutants (e....... In total more that 20 different waste water and sludge treatment technologies are to be assessed. This paper will present the preliminary LCA results from running the induced versus avoided impact approach (mainly based on existing LCIA methodology) on one of the WWTTs, i.e. ozonation....

  5. Rearrangement of Barcelona serveis municipals customer services

    OpenAIRE

    Fullana Roger, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    This document presents the report for the Final Degree Thesis. The subject of the project is the Rearrangement of the Customer Services of the public company Barcelona Serveis Municipals (B:SM). The project is classified in the Management area and it details the definition and adaptation process of a new model in the customer services of B:SM. The origin of the project stands on the opening of the new Calàbria facilities. The purpose of the project is to identify the problems in the curren...

  6. SK policies the view of nuclear municipalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear policies of the most important countries in Western Europe, already influenced by the evolution of the public opinion, have experimented strong changes together with political evolution. The future of NNP in some important countries is doubtful, as for the case of Sweden, Germany, Spain, Holland, Belgium, The large democratic discussions that affect permanently our society, as well as the new society of information that is being implanted, have turned the decision making processes into what is referred to as public participation and transparency, especially when these affect the environment or the immediate future of the citizens. The installation policies of nuclear plants are very similar in all the countries. Most of them are located in low density population areas, with low activity rate, high rate of elder people. These territories have many water resources, low communication infrastructure level, etc. So the typographic aspects of the European municipalities are alike (in eastern countries as well). Nuclear energy whose existence is sometimes called in question by press media, citizens and inhabitants, needs full agreement within the territory in order to work at its best. Moreover, the territory on which the plant is installed must have the necessary means of infrastructure ( development from a social and economic point of view) as well as the dues for its future and for a new positive reality as far as the citizens are concerned in order to face the corresponding challenges. Having got to this point, a territorial debate should be focused on the balance between the state's general interest and the local one as normalised operation of nuclear facilities is and will be possible only in a context of mutual respect. The new European political map and the last governmental decisions in energetic strategies grant more value to the opinion of the local authorities on the territories affected by these facilities. So, in order to express their opinion

  7. Stress analysis in the Gjilan Municipality (Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nehat Rrudhani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available During this scientific research, my main objective is to analyze and give an overview of the factual situation in Gjilan Municipality (Kosovo. The dynamics of life shift people towards stressful situations. Nowadays stress is a very much discussed issue, while we do have little knowledge about the causes of stress, its circumstances, its management. Stress affects negatively people’s health by disordering the immune system. When a man has stress, he/she has disorders in connection with the following symptoms: saliva flows slowly, increased eyelids, shrinking of blood vessels, shiver and sweat, deep breathing, quick heart beats, problems with food digestion and an increased blood tension.

  8. Municipal hydraulic planning for energy saving; Planeacion hidraulica municipal para el ahorro de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Garcia, Enrique [PTF S.C. Consultores, Leon, Gto. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The efficient handling of the economic and natural resources of the municipalities, is nowadays so much complex, that it requires a formal planning. In the public service of potable water supply, two fundamental approaches are conjugated to consider: the rational use of the water resource and the efficient use of the electrical energy, for its extraction from the underground deep reservoirs. In the paper that is presented, the individual features of the previous matters are described and the positive results in a municipality of the Guanajuato's Low Lands (Bajio ), where already the dual objectives are obtained and that with a more professional municipal hydraulic planning, these will be permanent, with the inherent benefit towards the population. [Spanish] El manejo eficiente de los recursos economicos y naturales de los municipios, es hoy en dia cada vez mas complejo, que requiere una planeacion formal. En el servicio publico de abastecimiento de agua potable, se conjugan dos enfoques primordiales a considerar: el uso racional del recurso agua y la utilizacion eficiente de la energia electrica, para su extraccion de los acuiferos subterraneos profundos. En el trabajo que se presenta, se describen las particularidades de lo anterior y los resultados positivos en un municipio del Bajio guanajuatense, donde ya se logran los objetivos duales y que con una planeacion hidraulica municipal mas profesional, estos seran permanentes, con el beneficio inherente hacia la poblacion.

  9. Municipal solid waste generation in municipalities: Quantifying impacts of household structure, commercial waste and domestic fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Waste management planning requires reliable data concerning waste generation, influencing factors on waste generation and forecasts of waste quantities based on facts. This paper aims at identifying and quantifying differences between different municipalities' municipal solid waste (MSW) collection quantities based on data from waste management and on socio-economic indicators. A large set of 116 indicators from 542 municipalities in the Province of Styria was investigated. The resulting regression model included municipal tax revenue per capita, household size and the percentage of buildings with solid fuel heating systems. The model explains 74.3% of the MSW variation and the model assumptions are met. Other factors such as tourism, home composting or age distribution of the population did not significantly improve the model. According to the model, 21% of MSW collected in Styria was commercial waste and 18% of the generated MSW was burned in domestic heating systems. While the percentage of commercial waste is consistent with literature data, practically no literature data are available for the quantity of MSW burned, which seems to be overestimated by the model. The resulting regression model was used as basis for a waste prognosis model (Beigl and Lebersorger, in preparation).

  10. Evaluating the efficiency of municipalities in collecting and processing municipal solid waste: A shared input DEA-model.

    OpenAIRE

    Rogge, Nicky; De Jaeger, Simon

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposed an adjusted “shared-input” version of the popular efficiency measurement technique Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) that enables evaluating municipality waste collection and processing performances in settings in which one input (waste costs) is shared among treatment efforts of multiple municipal solid waste fractions. The main advantage of this version of DEA is that it not only provides an estimate of the municipalities overall efficiency but also estimates of the munici...

  11. Capilla del Hospital Municipal de Mannheim, Alemania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mutschler, C.

    1969-07-01

    Full Text Available This building was completed when the Municipal Hospital of Mannheim was enlarged and became a Faculty of Medicine. It serves equally well for catholic and protestant religious services. The visitor reaches the church after traversing a gently inclined path: the main feature that holds his attention on entering is the altar and sacristy zone. Advancing up a ramp a gallery is reached, which enables sick people on wheelchairs, or in beds, to participate in the liturgical acts. The main materials utilised have been untreated brick and concrete.Construida a raíz de la ampliación del Hospital Municipal de Mannheim y su conversión en Facultad de Medicina, sirve indistintamente para la celebración de los actos litúrgicos de ambas confesiones. El visitante, por un camino suavemente inclinado, ingresa en el interior del edificio, cuyo núcleo focal está constituido por la zona del altar y las sacristías. Subiendo por una rampa se accede a una galería que permite el que los enfermos, en sillones con ruedas, o en Ja cama, etc., puedan participar desde allí en los actos litúrgicos. Los materiales fundamentales empleados son: ladrillo a cara vista y hormigón, igualmente visto.

  12. Using radioactive tracer technique in municipal hygiene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Work of the A. N. Syrsin Institute of General and Municiapl Hygiene using raidoactive tracers is reviewed. The studies include research on protein metabolism in the living organism following action of unfavorable factors of the environment; determination of the paths of introduction into the organism of substances with an alien composition; and study of the rate of resorption of subcutaneous papuli. Results are shown of radioactive-tracer studies on the mechanism of action of poisonous substances on the living organism and of migration of alien chemical compounds in the organism and in objects in the environment. It is concluded that the radioactive tracer method has wide application in municipal hygiene and sanitary microbiology. The absence of laborious operations, economy of time, precision of the experiments, and the possibility of obtaining additional information on the mechanism of action of poisonous substances on the organism and the low cost of such studies compared with other methods makes the radioactive tracer method economically attractive. The studies made show the various types of use of the method in municipal hygiene and sanitary microbiology

  13. Synchronous municipal sewerage-sludge stabilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukuru, Godefroid; Jian, Yang

    2005-01-01

    A study on a pilot plant accomplishing synchronous municipal sewerage-sludge stabilization was conducted at a municipal sewerage treatment plant. Stabilization of sewerage and sludge is achieved in three-step process: anaerobic reactor, roughing filter and a microbial-earthworm-ecofilter. The integrated ecofilter utilizes an artificial ecosystem to degrade and stabilize the sewerage and sludge. When the hydraulic retention time(HRT) of the anaerobic reactor is 6 h, the hydraulic load(HL) of the bio-filter is 16 m3/(m2 x d), the HL of the eco-filter is 5 m3/(m2 x d), the recycle ratio of nitrified liquor is 1.5, the removal efficiency is 83%-89% for COD(Cr), 94%-96% for BOD5, 96%-98% for SS, and 76%-95% for NH3-N. The whole system realizes the zero emission of sludge, and has the characteristics of saving energy consumption and operational costs.

  14. Diagnosis production agroecology of Municipality Areia - PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique de Brito

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The concept of agroecology is on the concept of sustainable development whose primary objective is combining economic development with environmental conservation, being able to meet the needs of the current generation without depleting resources for the future. The municipality of Areia - PB has always had its economic development in footwear production and its derivatives, is known as "Land of rum and Rapadura”, two icons of the agricultural economy of Areia. Presents favorable conditions of climate, soil and topography in order to enable the coexistence of diverse cultures and its variations, however, local farmers only cultivate crops as banana, cassava, maize, beans and sugar-cane. This work aimed to evaluate the profile of the producer and the production of the municipality of Areia - PB, via a questionnaire applied to five associations of farmers and producer's fair, where you can see that the majority of producers are illiterate or just read or write, characteristic of small areas have on average 1 to 3 ha; occurs traditional cultivation of maize, beans and cassava, banana, and grown on a smaller scale are found orange, sugar-cane, sweet potatoes and vegetables, production is characteristic of subsistence.Key-words: agroecology, sustainable development, food security.

  15. CHALLENGES OF MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HUNGARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZOLTÁN OROSZ

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Aims, tasks and priorities of medium term development plans of national waste management were defined in the National Waste Management Plan, which was made for the period of 2003–2008 in Hungary. Supporting of the European Union is indispensable for carrying out of plan. The most important areas are related to the developing projects of municipal solid waste treatment (increasingthe capacity of landfills, accomplishment of the infrastructure of selective waste collection, building of new composting plants. The national environmental policy does not focus sufficiently on the prevention of waste production. Due to the high expenses of investment and operation the energetic recovery and the incineration of municipal solid waste do not compete with the deposition. We inclined to think that the waste management of Hungary will be deposition-orientated until 2015. The main problems to the next years will be the lack of reprocessing industry of plastic and glass packaging waste. The high number of to-be-recultivated landfills and the attainability of necessary financial sources are also serious problems. There are many questions. What is the future in national waste management? How can we reduce the quantity of dumped waste? What are challenges of national waste management on the short and long term?

  16. Synchronous municipal sewerage-sludge stabilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Godefroid Bukuru; Yang Jian

    2005-01-01

    A study on a pilot plant accomplishing synchronous municipal sewerage-sludge stabilization was conducted at a municipal sewerage treatment plant. Stabilization of sewerage and sludge is achieved in three-step process: anaerobic reactor, roughing filter and a microbial-earthworm-ecofilter. The integrated ecofilter utilizes an artificial ecosystem to degrade and stabilize the sewerage and sludge.When the hydraulic retention time(HRT) of the anaerobic reactor is 6 h, the hydraulic load(HL) of the bio-filter is 16 m3/(m2· d), the HL of the eco-filter is 5 m3/(m2 ·d), the recycle ratio of nitrified liquor is 1.5, the removal efficiency is 83%-89% for CODCr, 94%-96% for BOD5, 96%-98% for SS, and 76%-95% for NH3-N. The whole system realizes the zero emission of sludge, and has the characteristics of saving energy consumption and operational costs.

  17. Production of hydrogen from municipal solid waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coleman, S.L.

    1995-11-01

    The Gasification of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) includes gasification and the process for producing a gasificable slurry from raw MSW by using high pressures of steam. A potential energy source, MSW is a composite of organic materials such as: paper, wood, food waste, etc. There are different paper grades producing different results with low-quality paper forming better slurries than high-quality papers; making MSW a difficult feedstock for gasification. The objective of the bench-scale laboratory work has been to establish operating conditions for a hydrothermal pre-processing scheme for municipal solid waste (MSW) that produces a good slurry product that can be pumped and atomized to the gasifier for the production of hydrogen. Batch reactors are used to determine product yields as a function of hydrothermal treatment conditions. Various ratios of water-to-paper were used to find out solid product, gas product, and soluble product yields of MSW. Experimental conditions covered were temperature, time, and water to feed ratio. Temperature had the strongest effect on product yields.

  18. Municipal solid-waste management in Istanbul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanat, Gurdal

    2010-01-01

    Istanbul, with a population of around 13 million people, is located between Europe and Asia and is the biggest city in Turkey. Metropolitan Istanbul produces about 14,000 tons of solid waste per day. The aim of this study was to assess the situation of municipal solid-waste (MSW) management in Istanbul. This was achieved by reviewing the quantity and composition of waste produced in Istanbul. Current requirements and challenges in relation to the optimization of Istanbul's MSW collection and management system are also discussed, and several suggestions for solving the problems identified are presented. The recovery of solid waste from the landfills, as well as the amounts of landfill-generated biogas and electricity, were evaluated. In recent years, MSW management in Istanbul has improved because of strong governance and institutional involvement. However, efforts directed toward applied research are still required to enable better waste management. These efforts will greatly support decision making on the part of municipal authorities. There remains a great need to reduce the volume of MSW in Istanbul. PMID:20185290

  19. Protection strategies for drinking groundwater sources in small Quebec municipalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sylvestre, Bruno; Rodriguez, Manuel J

    2008-07-01

    Awareness of groundwater protection has increased substantially in recent decades. In the Province of Quebec, Canada, the Groundwater Catchment Regulation (GWCR) was promulgated in 2002 to protect water quality in public wells. The goal of the present study was to document groundwater protection in the context of emerging regulations and identify factors explaining the propensity of municipalities applying protection strategies. Two types of information were used in this study: data from a questionnaire-based survey conducted among 665 municipalities in the Province of Quebec and complementary information gathered from various sources. Data from the survey revealed that fewer than half of the municipalities have been able to comply with the GWCR, mainly because of financial limitations. Also, close to half of the municipalities have either identified or are expecting land use conflicts to arise between protection areas required by the GWCR and other land usage, with agriculture being the main conflicting activity. Multivariate logistic regression models served to identify factors explaining the likelihood of municipalities to take groundwater protection measures. Those factors were municipality revenue, history of water contamination in distribution systems, land use near wellheads, location of municipalities within a provincial priority watershed and the importance of groundwater use in a region. Results of the study may prove helpful for government authorities in better understanding the groundwater protection issue and in implementing strategies that improve the ability of municipalities to protect groundwater.

  20. Water Pollution: Part I, Municipal Wastewaters; Part II, Industrial Wastewaters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, K. E. M.

    This publication is an annotated bibliography of municipal and industrial wastewater literature. This publication consists of two parts plus appendices. Part one is entitled Municipal Wastewaters and includes publications in such areas as health effects of polluted waters, federal policy and legislation, biology and chemistry of polluted water,…

  1. 77 FR 22367 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board; Notice of Filing of a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... developments would affect the municipal security under consideration; and The complexity of the municipal... algorithmic trading. The MSRB notes that such systems, if monitored closely and subjected to...

  2. Mecanismos de Democracia Directa en Jalisco, México: entre la contención, la simulación y la manipulación ciudadana. Cuatro estudios de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rigoberto Soria Romo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza la instrumentación de diversos Mecanismos de Democracia Directa (MDD aplicados en el estado de Jalisco, México. Dichos MDD son el referéndum, el plebiscito y la iniciativa popular, a los que se agrega la revocación de mandato reglamentado por el Ayuntamiento de Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, municipio del mismo estado. El propósito declarado de los MDD es elevar la calidad de la democracia vía mayor participación ciudadana. Sin embargo, se concluye en el presente trabajo que el tránsito a la democracia participativa es un camino lleno de obstáculos legales, trámites burocráticos, intereses de grupos de poder, interpretación conceptual e instrumentación práctica, entre otros. Una segunda conclusión es que los MDD, aunque se conciben como un avance democrático, en la realidad pueden dar origen regresiones históricas que se creían superadas. Las anteriores conclusiones se desprenden del análisis de cuatro casos que aplican diversos MDD: el referéndum contra el incremento en el pasaje del transporte público en la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara (ZMG, Jalisco; la aplicación del plebiscito, para evitar el uso de vialidades en Guadalajara, para instalar la línea dos del Macrobús (sistema de transporte articulado, técnicamente conocido como BRT; la iniciativa popular, “A favor de la familia”, que pretendía delimitar el concepto de familia a “aquella conformada por un padre, una madre y sus hijos”. Finalmente, se analiza el ejercicio de revocación de mandato efectuado en el municipio de Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, sus resultados y críticas. La metodología utilizada es la de multicaso y se forja un marco teórico en base a tratadistas como Lissidini (2010, Ziccardi (2008, Salazar y Wolderberg (1997, Merino (1995, Prud’Homme (2001 entre otros. Los análisis de estos casos pretenden ser la base de propuestas para enriquecer tanto la teoría, la legislación y la práctica de la participaci

  3. Policy recommendations for Canadian municipal greenhouse gas trading

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The municipal policies regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading from municipalities in developed countries outside of Canada were examined in an effort to help establish a position on municipal carbon trading in Canada. The main uncertainty regarding this new concept of GHG emissions trading is the fate of the Kyoto Protocol, when or if it will be ratified. It is premature for municipalities to have well-established polices about emissions trading because the country in which a municipality is located determines the position towards GHG emissions trading. For this study, an extensive literature search of municipal policies was conducted for both GHG trading and domestic national GHG trading. This was followed by a survey on emissions trading which was distributed to more than 350 member cities (including the United States, Europe and Australia) of the International Council for Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) Campaign. The literature search revealed that municipalities outside of Canada have not yet formulated policies to address the issue of emissions trading. Only 7 per cent of the cities felt that they were informed about emissions trading, even in Europe and Australia where domestic emissions trading is closer to becoming a reality. This paper demonstrated that it is evident that more training is needed for municipalities regarding this issue. For the very few cities that had developed a GHG trading policy, each municipal policy supported municipal participation in emissions trading under conditions that included an environmental retirement, a do-no-harm clause, or an obligation to meet voluntary commitments before excess emissions can be traded. refs., tabs., figs

  4. Inclusion of climate change strategies in municipal Integrated Development Plans: A case from seven municipalities in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mankolo X. Lethoko

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC has made it clear that anthropogenic greenhouse gasses are the main cause of observed global warming that leads to climate change. Climate change is now a global reality. In the South African political set-up, local municipalities are the structures that are in direct contact with communities and they draw up Integrated Development Plans (IDPs, which are reviewed and upgraded annually. The article seeks to investigate the extent to which climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies are embedded IDPs in seven vulnerable municipalities in the Limpopo Province. The article conducted an in-depth content analysis of the IDPs of the seven municipalities and the results have revealed that these municipalities have not included adaptation and mitigation strategies adequately in their IDPs despite being the most vulnerable municipalities in the province. The article concludes that these municipalities have not as yet institutionalised climate change in their daily operations, planning and decision making. To this end, the paper recommends that local municipalities should include climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies in their IDPs.Keywords: Climate change; adaptation; mitigation; Integrated Development Plan; vulnerable municipalities

  5. FINANCING OF CAPITAL INFRASTRUCTURE THROUGH ISSUE OF MUNICIPAL BONDS - PRACTICES OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF BIJELJINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zorica Golić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available For all those local communities inBosnia and Herzegovina who are willing to make astep forward from the classical and routinefinancing (budget, loans, grants towards new andinventive combinations, there are really many waysof financing of development. Plans and instrumentsof local development open up new and endlesspossibilities, and all modes of financing and theircombinations cannot be pre-anticipated andexhausted. The need to create new models offinancing depends more on the real commitment oflocal actors to implementing their developmentideas than on the legal framework.Despite the limitations that issuers have andthe risks borne by the investor - the buyer, theborrowing of municipalities and cities throughbond issues turned out better and more efficientsource of funding in relation to other forms ofborrowing.The essence of this paper is to show, after abrief theoretical elaboration, the best practices infinancing of capital infrastructure through issue ofthe municipal bonds, taking the example of themunicipality of Bijeljina .

  6. Fiscal Instruments for the Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSW in the Mexican Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Mendezcarlo Silva

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Waste generation (municipal waste in the cities is, as we all know, one of the main current environmental issues. Responsibility for this kind of pollution is not only the companies’ but also the homeowners’ and the general public’s, who must redirect their behavior towards a responsible consumption, not only regarding the choices of environmentally friendly products and services but should also strive to influence the reduction of environmental damage caused by the waste itself.  The goal of this research work is to make clear that the local government (in Mexico’s case, the municipalities has the unavoidable duty of raising awareness of this issue by using tools to encourage responsible waste management, such as fiscal instruments, which in addition results in the extra benefit of raising public funds to neutralize the problem. 

  7. Pyrolisis of municipal solid waste derived fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study of pyrolytic processes for refuse derived fuel from municipal solid wastes, the main process parameters affecting the yield and the physical-chemical characteristics of products (gases, liquids and solids) were identified and analyzed. From the experimental results, one can observe that the pyrolytic process reduces the volume of produced emissions with respect to the conventional incinerators and allows, at the same time, the recovery of a gas with a significant heat capacity (14,000-19,000 kj/nmc) according to the process temperature, two other fuels, a tar and a solid with low ash content. It seems also that the strong environmental impact associable to this process is due to the water fraction of the produced liquid, whose main pollutants were also identified

  8. Sustainable treatment of municipal waste water

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peter Augusto; Larsen, Henrik Fred

    The main goal of the EU FP6 NEPTUNE program is to develop new and improve existing waste water treatment technologies (WWTT) and sludge handling technologies for municipal waste water, in accordance with the concepts behind the EU Water Framework Directive. As part of this work, the project...... treatment technologies are to be assessed. This paper will present the first LCA results from running existing life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methodology on some of the waste water treatment technologies. Keywords: Sustainability, LCA, micropollutants, waste water treatment technologies........e. heavy metals, pharmaceuticals and endocrine disruptors) in the waste water. As a novel approach, the potential ecotoxicity and human toxicity impacts from a high number of micropollutants and the potential impacts from pathogens will be included. In total, more that 20 different waste water and sludge...

  9. Characterization and treatment of municipal landfill leachates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Welander, Ulrika

    1998-03-01

    The efficiency of different leachate treatment methods for the removal of refractory organic compounds and ammonium-nitrogen was investigated. The methods evaluated were nitrification, denitrification, adsorption onto activated carbon, precipitation by ferric chloride or aluminum sulphate and oxidation by ozone or Fenton`s reagent. Furthermore, analyses were performed on leachates from municipal landfills of different kinds (a biocell deposit, a conventional mixed landfill containing household and industrial waste, and an ash deposit) in order to study the leachate composition in regard to various hydrophobic organic compounds as a function of the type of waste deposited. The results suggested that, in order to achieve a satisfactory removal of both ammonium-nitrogen and organic substances, the treatment of methanogenic leachates should be performed through a process combining biological and physical or chemical stages. When the biological treatment was not combined with a physical or a chemical process a COD removal of only 20-30% was achieved, whereas the toxicity of the leachate was significantly reduced. In contrast, a combination of nitrification and either adsorption onto activated carbon or oxidation using Fenton`s reagent resulted in a COD removal of about 80%, although certain specific organic compounds, such as phthalates, were unaffected by the treatment. A combination of nitrification, precipitation by ferric chloride and adsorption onto activated carbon removed 96% of the TOC. The analyses of leachates from municipal landfills of different types showed the leachate from the ash deposit to contain more C4-substituted phenols than the other leachates and to likewise contain alkanes, which the others did not 154 refs, 12 figs, 4 tabs

  10. Heavy metals in municipal solid waste deposits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flyhammar, P.

    1997-12-01

    Extensive use of heavy metals in modern society influences routes followed by fluxes on the surface of the Earth. The changed flow paths may be harmful for the balance of biological systems at different levels, micro-organisms, human beings and whole ecosystems, since the toxicity of heavy metals is determined by their concentrations and chemical forms. Despite the low mobility of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cr, Ni and Cd) in municipal landfills, it was found that extensive transformations of the binding forms of heavy metal take place within the waste mass during the degradation of the waste. These changes appear to be closely related to the development of early diagenetic solid phases, i.e. new secondary solid phases formed in the waste. The heavy metals often constitute a minor part of these phases and the bindings include several forms such as adsorption, complexation, coprecipitation, precipitation, etc. It was also found that the associations between heavy metals and solid phases are dominated by several binding forms to one specific substrate rather than bindings to various solid phases. The mobility of iron and manganese seems to increase during the processes involved in waste degradation due to the solution of oxide/hydroxide phases, while the heavy metals appear to become less mobile due to their binding to organic compounds and sulphides. However, one exception in this case may be nickel. Another aspect of the transformation of heavy metals is the accumulation of pools of heavy metals which can become susceptible to environmental changes, such as oxidation or acidification. However, the risk of increased mobilization caused by lower pH values seem to be limited since municipal solid waste has a large buffer capacity. 66 refs, 9 figs, 3 tabs 66 refs, 9 figs, 3 tabs

  11. Optimum municipal solid waste collection using geographical information system (GIS) and vehicle tracking for Pallavapuram municipality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanchanabhan, T E; Abbas Mohaideen, J; Srinivasan, S; Sundaram, V Lenin Kalyana

    2011-03-01

    Waste collection and transportation is the contact point between waste generators and waste management systems. A proposal for an innovative model for the collection and transportation of municipal solid waste (MSW) which is a part of a solid waste management system using a spatial geo database, integrated in a geographical information system (GIS) environment is presented. Pallavapuram is a fast-developing municipality of Chennai city in the southern suburbs about 20 km from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu in India. The disposal of MSW was previously occurring in an indiscriminate and irrational manner in the municipality. Hence in the present study an attempt was made to develop an engineered design of solid waste collection using GIS with a vehicle tracking system and final disposal by composting with investment costs. The GIS was used to analyse existing maps and data, to digitize the existing ward boundaries and to enter data about the wards and disposal sites. The proposed GIS model for solid waste disposal would give information on the planning of bins, vehicles and the optimal route. In the case of disposal, composting would be a successful strategy to accelerate the decomposition and stabilization of the biodegradable components of waste in MSW.

  12. Municipalities' Preparedness for Weather Hazards and Response to Weather Warnings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehiriz, Kaddour; Gosselin, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    The study of the management of weather-related disaster risks by municipalities has attracted little attention even though these organizations play a key role in protecting the population from extreme meteorological conditions. This article contributes to filling this gap with new evidence on the level and determinants of Quebec municipalities' preparedness for weather hazards and response to related weather warnings. Using survey data from municipal emergency management coordinators and secondary data on the financial and demographic characteristics of municipalities, the study shows that most Quebec municipalities are sufficiently prepared for weather hazards and undertake measures to protect the population when informed of imminent extreme weather events. Significant differences between municipalities were noted though. Specifically, the level of preparedness was positively correlated with the municipalities' capacity and population support for weather-related disaster management policies. In addition, the risk of weather-related disasters increases the preparedness level through its effect on population support. We also found that the response to weather warnings depended on the risk of weather-related disasters, the preparedness level and the quality of weather warnings. These results highlight areas for improvement in the context of increasing frequency and/or severity of such events with current climate change. PMID:27649547

  13. STATE RESOURCES AS AN AXIS OF MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT IN MISIONES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José, Garzón Maceda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to present a proposal from which one seeks to promote economic and human development in the municipalities of Misiones by means of the creation of a municipal internet by implementing more efficient application criteria for the resources.The paper provides a short outline of the theoretical framework where the proposal is set out, which has three pillars: the theory of decentralization, the municipal and the association theory.Having established this, one examines the legal framework of the municipalities in the National Constitution, the Misiones Constitution and specific laws which regulate the municipal performance, and then move towards the study of the current situation of the municipalities, focusing on financial resources of 17 municipalities in the province of Misiones.After this brief diagnosis we enter fully into the proposal to be developed in depth: detailing the players involved, their funding sources, their objectives, the executive body through which they will implement the program and the assignation criteria of allocation of resources recommended so that the implementation of the proposal be efficient.

  14. SOCIAL AUDIT OF THE MUNICIPAL SYSTEM OF GENERAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. I. Zerchaninova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the theory and practice of social audit of the municipal system of general education. The authors have developed a conceptual model of social audit to accurately identify both the short- and long-term development prospects of the given system. The paper describes the social audit procedures in Berezovsky municipal district of Sverdlovsk region including four stages: the content analysis of municipal documents concerning the development strategy of the general education system, diagnosis of the current conditions and problems, effectiveness evaluation of the municipal system of general education, and practical  recommendations for improving the education quality. The above mentioned audit demonstrates that the indices of education development are unsystematically tracked, obstructing therefore the adjustment process. To solve the given problems the following measures are recommended: personnel policy development, creating the regional managerial reserve and organizing management workshops, informing the teachers about the modern educational tools, and updating the municipal program of the «Educational System Development of Berezovsky Municipal District for 20011–20015». However, the above suggestions target only the current problems disregarding the challenges of tomorrow which require the advancing strategy. In authors’ opinion, the main emphasis should be re-placed on the quality improvement of the municipal educational services instead of the infrastructure reinforcement. 

  15. Uso de la plataforma educativa Moodle en los procesos de capacitación de maestros de Educación Indígena en Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis René Tabor Sinaí Muñoz García

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación describe el contexto de los maestros de Educación Indígena del Estado de Jalisco y los factores que dificultan el proceso de capacitación. El objetivo es generar alternativas que mejoren la capacitación y lograr una mejoría del docente en las comunidades marginadas. Este estudio propone un modelo de capacitación a distancia con el uso de la plataforma Moodle, para lo cual se aplicó un instrumento para analizar la aceptación de la tecnología por parte de docentes de educación indígena. Los hallazgos muestran que a pesar del desconocimiento del concepto de la educación en línea y falta de experiencia con esta herramienta, el maestro acepta que mediante esta innovación puede mejorar las condiciones de capacitación y de su contexto educativo.

  16. Impacto de la reforma en la legislación sobre consumo de alcohol y conducción en Guadalajara y Zapopan, Jalisco, México: una mirada en el corto plazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes Gómez-García

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los municipios de Guadalajara y Zapopan, Jalisco, México, han participado en los esfuerzos para reducir la incidencia de las lesiones causadas por el tránsito a lo largo de los años. Así, han sido partícipes de la Iniciativa Mexicana de Seguridad Vial desde 2008, y en septiembre de 2010 entró en vigor la reducción del límite legal de alcoholemia para conducir vehículos de motor. Con el fin de evaluar el impacto en el corto plazo de estas dos acciones en la ocurrencia de colisiones y lesiones, relacionadas con el consumo de alcohol, así como la gravedad de las mismas, se realizó un análisis secundario de las bases de datos oficiales de mortalidad, morbilidad y eventos viales. Se realizó un análisis de series de tiempo, con el objetivo de analizar la tendencia. Se observaron cambios significativos en el porcentaje mensual de muertes asociadas con alcohol y en la tasa de choques a partir de la aplicación de estas intervenciones. Se realizan diversas recomendaciones para mejorar la aplicación y resultados de esta reforma.

  17. ANÁLISIS SOCIOECONÓMICO DE LA CUENCA DEL RIO CUALE, JALISCO, MÉXICO: UNA CONTRIBUCIÓN PARA LA DECLARACIÓN DEL ÁREA NATURAL PROTEGIDA RESERVA DE LA BIOSFERA EL CUALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Téllez López

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Durante los meses de enero a mayo de 2013, a través de la metodología propuesta por Alciaturi (2009; se realizó el análisis de los factores socioeconómicos involucrados en la cuenca del rio Cuale, Jalisco, México. Los resultados incluyeron aspectos relacionados con la dinámica demográfica, grado de marginación, nivel educativo, población económicamente activa, principales actividades económicas, comunidades rurales, descripción socioeconómica, potenciales de los recursos naturales, usos y aprovechamientos actuales; así como la situación jurídica de la tenencia de la tierra. El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer cómo estos factores inciden sobre los recursos naturales de la cuenca. Con la finalidad de utilizar esta información para establecer la declaratoria del Área Natural Protegida Reserva de la Biosfera El Cuale, que es una herramienta que puede ayudar a asegurar la conservación de esta zona. Por lo tanto, se han incluido elementos de análisis social, económico y ambiental, puesto que estos factores han resultado determinantes en los procesos que inciden en la deforestación y cambio de uso de suelo.

  18. Implementation of health impact assessment in Danish municipal context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraemer, Stella R. J.; Nikolajsen, Louise Theilgaard; Gulis, Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    for implementation of HIA. Results: No significant differences were found among analyzed municipalities by status of HIA inclusion into health policy. Among barriers, a lack of tools with general validity, a lack of intersectoral working culture, balance between centralized versus participatory way of working....... Conclusions: Systematic and sustainable capacity building is needed to achieve high level implementation of HIA in Danish municipalities. Development of validated tools, most importantly screening tools with focus on priorities of national public health policy would enhance implementation on municipal level....

  19. Engaged Problem Formulation of IT Management in Danish Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Axel; Persson, John Stouby

    2012-01-01

    relevant in contemporary municipal IT management practice. On this basis, we present an engaged scholarship approach to formulate IT management problems together with municipalities - not for municipalities. We have come to understand such engaged problem formulation as joint researching and defining...... of a contemporary and complex problem by researchers and those who experience and know the problem. We present the formulated IT management problems and discuss the engaged problem formulation process in relation to engaged scholarship. Furthermore, we discuss how engaged problem formulation may contribute...... to action research when making sense of ill-structured problems by involving multiple stakeholders....

  20. Descentralização e endividamento municipal: formas, limites e possibilidades Decentralization and municipal indebtedness: modes, constraints, and possibilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaury Patrick Gremaud

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to discuss alternatives to finance investments by municipalities. In general, current revenues are insufficient to finance large investments, what brings about the necessity of municipal indebtedness. These could assume different manners, according to the nature of the investment: if it is typically public or if it offers private return. For the first case, we discuss the possibilities of a municipal bond market and, for the second, we discuss project finance and the participation of the private sector.

  1. A PNEUMATIC CONVEYING TEST RIG FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE FRACTIONS

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report analyzes the material properties and system parameters relevant to the pneumatic conveying of municipal solid waste and its processed fractions. Comparisons are made with the conveying of conventional industrial feedstocks, and a rationale for sizing and specification...

  2. Research challenges in municipal solid waste logistics management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bing, Xiaoyun; Bloemhof, Jacqueline M; Ramos, Tania Rodrigues Pereira; Barbosa-Povoa, Ana Paula; Wong, Chee Yew; van der Vorst, Jack G A J

    2016-02-01

    During the last two decades, EU legislation has put increasing pressure on member countries to achieve specified recycling targets for municipal household waste. These targets can be obtained in various ways choosing collection methods, separation methods, decentral or central logistic systems, etc. This paper compares municipal solid waste (MSW) management practices in various EU countries to identify the characteristics and key issues from a waste management and reverse logistics point of view. Further, we investigate literature on modelling municipal solid waste logistics in general. Comparing issues addressed in literature with the identified issues in practice result in a research agenda for modelling municipal solid waste logistics in Europe. We conclude that waste recycling is a multi-disciplinary problem that needs to be considered at different decision levels simultaneously. A holistic view and taking into account the characteristics of different waste types are necessary when modelling a reverse supply chain for MSW recycling.

  3. La Hemeroteca Municipal de València

    OpenAIRE

    Guardiola Sellés, Isabel

    2003-01-01

    This article explains the history, the aims, the funds, the services and the users of the Municipal Journals Library of Valencia (Valencian Community-Spain). Also this article does a brief reference to the technical treatment of the publications.

  4. Need for strengthened focus on cancer rehabilitation in Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Maria; Adamsen, Lis; Kjær Brinkmann, Fie;

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Danish municipalities have recently been given a mandate to organise cancer rehabilitation services.Knowledge is therefore needed about the services providedand their utilisation. The aim of this national Danish baseline survey was to explore the availability, utilisation, content...... and organisation of municipal cancer rehabilitation services. Methods: Electronic questionnaires were sent to all 98 Danish municipalities in January 2013. The questionnaire consisted of closed-ended and open-ended questions. Descriptive statistics and contents analysis were used. Results: A total of 91...... municipalities responded (93% response rate). Of these, 75% reported that they provided cancer rehabilitation services. The number of patients enrolled was below the estimated proportion of patients needing rehabilitation services. Services consisted predominantly of physical training in groups, followed...

  5. Centralisation and decentralisation in strategic municipal energy planning in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sperling, Karl; Hvelplund, Frede; Mathiesen, Brian Vad

    2011-01-01

    need for better coordination of municipal energy planning activities at the central level. It is suggested that the role of municipalities as energy planning authorities needs to be outlined more clearly in, e.g., strategic energy planning which integrates savings, efficiency and renewable energy...... vision. The paper outlines a basic division of tasks between the central and the local level within such a strategic energy planning system.......Denmark’s future energy system is to be entirely based on renewable energy sources. Municipalities will play an important role as local energy planning authorities in terms of adopting and refining this vision in different local contexts. Based on a review of 11 municipal energy plans, this paper...

  6. Better Regulation and Public Procurement in Slovenian Municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja KLUN

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The reduction of administrative burdens is a measure to improve regulatory quality. Most measures are directed towards reducing barriers for business while the issue of regulation inside government is not often posed. The research carried out in 2010 was intended to investigate how Slovenian municipalities and others in the public sector perceive measures to reduce administrative burdens and the areas in which they consider regulations to present the greatest burden. Results have shown that public procurement regulations are the greatest burden for municipalities and the public sector as a whole. Further research indicates which public procurement procedures municipalities used most often and what benefits they perceive in the amended legislation. Results indicate that most municipalities use open procedures most often, which procedurally is the most complex.

  7. Research challenges in municipal solid waste logistics management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bing, Xiaoyun; Bloemhof, Jacqueline M; Ramos, Tania Rodrigues Pereira; Barbosa-Povoa, Ana Paula; Wong, Chee Yew; van der Vorst, Jack G A J

    2016-02-01

    During the last two decades, EU legislation has put increasing pressure on member countries to achieve specified recycling targets for municipal household waste. These targets can be obtained in various ways choosing collection methods, separation methods, decentral or central logistic systems, etc. This paper compares municipal solid waste (MSW) management practices in various EU countries to identify the characteristics and key issues from a waste management and reverse logistics point of view. Further, we investigate literature on modelling municipal solid waste logistics in general. Comparing issues addressed in literature with the identified issues in practice result in a research agenda for modelling municipal solid waste logistics in Europe. We conclude that waste recycling is a multi-disciplinary problem that needs to be considered at different decision levels simultaneously. A holistic view and taking into account the characteristics of different waste types are necessary when modelling a reverse supply chain for MSW recycling. PMID:26704064

  8. Business opportunity of municipal sewage sludge treatment in China

    OpenAIRE

    Hua, Lingnan

    2011-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the industry and market condition of municipal sewage sludge treatment in China. The main issues covered in the thesis are market status, industry competitiveness in Porter’s five forces model, market attractiveness, and market segmentation analysis. The purpose of this thesis is to illustrate and analyze the business opportunity of municipal sewage sludge treatment in China based on sufficient market information and analysis. The research strategy of this thesi...

  9. DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF ORMOŽ

    OpenAIRE

    Atelšek, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    The diploma thesis deals with the development of tourism and the perceptions of residents on tourism in the municipality of Ormož. Residents are largely in favour of developing tourist attractions, but they are critical when evaluating the local tourist offer. Main advantages the tourist attraction offers in the municipality of Ormož are favourable geographical position, rich natural and cultural heritage, friendly and hospitable residents, and diverse culinary and wines. Due to these adva...

  10. Municipal engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria before 1910

    OpenAIRE

    Mäki, H; Haarhoff, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the history of the first town engineers in Johannesburg and Pretoria by looking at the selection process that was applied in their appointment; their responsibilities; and the circumstances at the end of their tenures. It explores what was expected of municipal engineers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; shows how weak their position was within the municipal structure; and explains how vague their job description was in relation to the...

  11. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Bulgaria from a Systems Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Kolev, Aleksandar

    2007-01-01

    The European Union membership of Bulgaria since January 2007 imposes higher requirements to the national waste management system and demands changes in the current waste management practices. In this context it is of great interest to study the contemporary and possible future development of the Bulgarian municipal solid waste management system. A systems analysis was carried out to provide better understanding of the Bulgarian municipal solid waste management and to analyze the possibilities...

  12. Anaerobic digestion of two biodegradable municipal waste streams

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yue; Banks, Charles J.; Heaven, Sonia

    2012-01-01

    Landfill avoidance for organic wastes is now a high priority worldwide. Two fractions of the municipal waste stream were considered with respect to their potential for diversion through controlled anaerobic digestion. The physical and chemical properties of source segregated domestic food waste (ss-FW) and of the mechanically-recovered organic fraction of municipal solid waste (mr-OFMSW) were analysed, and their methane yields determined in both batch and semi-continuous digestion. Methane po...

  13. Air Pollution Control in Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators

    OpenAIRE

    Quina, Margarida J.; Bordado, João C.M.; Quinta-Ferreira, Rosa M.

    2011-01-01

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) remains a major problem in modern societies, even though the significant efforts to prevent, reduce, reuse and recycle. At present, municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) in waste-to-energy (WtE) plants is one of the main management options in most of the developed countries. The technology for recovering energy from MSW has evolved over the years and now sophisticated air pollution control (APC) equipment insures that emissions comply with the st...

  14. Medicine management in municipal home care : delegating, administrating and receiving

    OpenAIRE

    Gransjön Craftman, Åsa

    2015-01-01

    The general aim of this thesis was to investigate how delegation of medication is handled in municipal home care. Specific aims were to 1) explore the prevalence of medication use in older adults over time; 2) describe district nurses’ experiences of the delegation of medication management to municipal home care personnel; 3) explore and describe how home care assistants experience receiving the actual delegation of the responsibility of medication administration; and 4) to describe how older...

  15. Occupational Safety Management Aspects on Municipal Waste Water Treatment Plant

    OpenAIRE

    Sulojeva, Jelena; Percovs, Aleksejs; Maļukova, Jeļena; Urbane, Valentina

    2012-01-01

    There are new municipal waste water treatment plants being constructed in Latvia in the framework of the projects implemented with the EU co-financing. New modern equipment requires certain approach to occupational safety provision. This paper discloses aspects for occupational safety increasing on newly constructed municipal waste water treatment plants within several samples of WWTP designs, actuated in Latvia. WWTP occupational issues are examined from two aspects: operational safety and d...

  16. Municipal solid waste management in a new legislation: comprehensive approach

    OpenAIRE

    Berezyuk Maria; Rumyantseva Alеna; Lapina Alеna

    2016-01-01

    The problem of the municipal solid waste (MSW) formation and recycling has been very important for many decades in the Russian Federation. The sustainable development of the Russian Federation subjects and municipalities, their evolution to the status of “smart cities” is not possible without solving this problem. The current situation in the area of SHW treatment leads to the dangerous environmental pollution, improper use of the natural resources, and the significant economic damage and pos...

  17. MECHANISMS AND FACTORS OF PROFESSIONAL SOCIALIZATION OF MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEES

    OpenAIRE

    O. E. Lutsenko

    2015-01-01

    The main mechanisms of professional socialization of municipal employees are presented in article, the factors rendering both negative, and positive influence on process of professional socialization are revealed and also basic elements and subjects of system of professional socialization of municipal employees are allocated. Are referred imitation to the main mechanisms of this process by the author as development of the social roles through reproduction of features of behavior of significan...

  18. Between Office and Motherhood: Municipal Authorities in Oaxaca

    OpenAIRE

    Verónica Vázquez García; Naima Jazíbi Cárcamo Toalá; Neftalí Hernández Martínez

    2012-01-01

    In México, women's participation in municipal politics faces, among other difficulties, that of reconciling domestic and public responsibilities. Drawing on research conducted with eighteen female mayors of Oaxaca, this paper analyzes the ways in which women perceive the relationship between motherhood, double burden (child raising and domestic work) and their presidential position. All the women who have ruled a Custom and Practice municipality in Oaxaca since 1996 were interviewed. Two main...

  19. Determinants of municipal solid waste management in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Luísa Mota Freitas; Francisco Vitorino Martins; Elizabeth Real Oliveira

    2016-01-01

    Municipal solid waste management has been a topic of interest of several authors over time, in particular the implementation and maintenance of waste collection programmes. Initially, pioneering studies focused on the economic aspects of the provided services. However, many authors later argued the costs of providing solid waste collection services should also be influenced by socio-economic and behavioural factors, exogenous to the municipalities. The present study will be developed in this ...

  20. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis, Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Bernard Fei-Baffoe; Eugene Atta Nyankson; John Gorkeh-Miah

    2014-01-01

    The rapid increase in urban population due to the influx of the citizenry in search for better conditions of life has resulted in poor environmental conditions in most urban and peri-urban settlements in the country. Municipal solid waste management (MSW) for that matter has become problematic within Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis as the city is being inundated with so much filth which has proven to be very difficult and seemingly impossible for the municipal authorities to tackle. This study in...

  1. Municipal solid waste management problems: an applied general equilibrium analysis

    OpenAIRE

    BARTELINGS H.

    2003-01-01

    Keywords: Environmental policy; General equilibrium modeling; Negishi format; Waste management policies; Market distortions.About 40% of the entire budget spent on environmental problems in theNetherlandsis reserved for the waste management problem. Regardless of the amount spent on waste management, the quantity of municipal solid waste generated still increases. It has up till now proven impossible to decouple generation of municipal solid waste and income growth.This thesis investigates th...

  2. Factors influencing antibiotic resistance burden in municipal wastewater treatment plants

    OpenAIRE

    Novo, Ana; Manaia, Célia M.

    2010-01-01

    Municipal wastewater treatment plants are recognized reservoirs of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Three municipal wastewater treatment plants differing on the dimensions and bio-treatment processes were compared for the loads of amoxicillin-, tetracycline-, and ciprofloxacinresistant heterotrophic bacteria, enterobacteria, and enterococci in the raw inflow and in the treated effluents. The sewage received by each plant, in average, corresponded to 85,000 inhabitant equ...

  3. Removal of Triclocarban and Triclosan during Municipal Biosolid Production

    OpenAIRE

    Ogunyoku, Temitope A.; Young, Thomas M.

    2014-01-01

    The antimicrobial compounds triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) accumulate in sludges produced during municipal wastewater treatment and persist through sludge treatment processes into finished biosolids. The objective of this research was to determine the extent to which conventional sludge processing systems such as aerobic digestion, anaerobic digestion, and lime stabilization were able to remove TCC and TCS. Sludge and biosolid samples were collected from 10 municipal wastewater treatm...

  4. Implementation of Electronic Governance in the Municipality of Panevezys

    OpenAIRE

    Dragašienė, Olga

    2005-01-01

    Master’s work theme is the deployment of electronic government in the Municipality of the Panevezys. Master’s work object is analyzing of necessary conditions to evolve the electronic government deployment in the Municipality of the city Panevezys and offer the suggestions what could forward the electronic power deployment in this institution. In the first parts of work there are discussed the reasons of electronic government coming, the deployment necessity and utility in Lithuania an...

  5. Testing Ballast Water Treatment at a Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, Andrew N.

    2001-01-01

    The main goal of the project was to investigate the feasibility of treating ships' ballast water in existing municipal wastewater treatment plants (= publicly-owned treatment works or POTWs). The main objectives included identifying and characterizing the limiting factors that could restrict the volume of ballast water that can be treated at POTWs; and test, in a series of laboratory experiments, the effectiveness of standard municipal wastewater treatment in removing or killing ballast water...

  6. MUNICIPAL DISTRICT POTENTIAL FOR CONSUME: AN MULTICRITERIA APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Raeli Gomes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Several researches have been developed to qualify municipal districts consumption potential. It aims to aid investors and government leaders in their decisions. Generally the approaches developed in this context use algorithms that are compensatory, in general based on the weighted average. This article presents an original approach, based on multicriteria decision aid (MCDA principles, to solve this problem. Through an application sample, a contrast between this approach and the Index of Municipal Quality (IQM is established.

  7. Solar photocatalytic treatment of synthetic municipal wastewater

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kositzi, M.; Poulios, I. [University of Thessaloniki (Greece). Department of Chemistry, Lab. Physical Chemistry; Malato, S.; Caceres, J.; Campos, A. [Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Tabernas (Spain)

    2004-03-01

    The photocatalytic organic content reduction of a selected synthetic municipal wastewater by the use of heterogeneous and homogeneous photocatalytic methods under solar irradiation has been studied at a pilot-plant scale at the Plataforma Solar de Almeria. In the case of heterogeneous photocatalysis the effect of catalysts and oxidants concentration on the decomposition degree of the wastewater was examined. By an accumulation energy of 50 kJ L{sup -1} the synergetic effect of 0.2 g L{sup -1} TiO{sub 2} P-25 with hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) and Na{sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 8} leads to a 55% and 73% reduction of the initial organic carbon content, respectively. The photo-fenton process appears to be more efficient for this type of wastewater in comparison to the TiO{sub 2}/oxidant system. An accumulation energy of 20 kJ L{sup -1} leads to 80% reduction of the organic content. The presence of oxalate in the Fe{sup 3+}/H{sub 2}O{sub 2} system leads to an additional improvement of the photocatalytic efficiency. (author)

  8. Ecotoxicological diagnosis of a sealed municipal landfill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, A J; Bartolomé, C; Pérez-Leblic, M I; Rodríguez, J; Alvarez, J; Pastor, J

    2012-03-01

    Assessing the environmental impact of a soil-topped landfill requires an accurate ecotoxicological diagnosis. This paper describes various diagnostic protocols for this purpose and their application to a real case: the urban solid waste (USW) municipal landfill of Getafe (Madrid, Spain). After their initial sealing with soil from the surroundings about 20 years ago, most USW landfills in the autonomous community of Madrid have continued to receive waste. This has hindered precise assessment of their impact on their environment and affected ecosystems. The procedure proposed here overcomes this problem by assessing the situation in edaphic, aquatic and ecological terms. The present study focused on the most influential soil variables (viz. salinity due largely to the presence of anions, and heavy metals and organic compounds). These variables were also determined in surface waters of the wetland most strongly affected by leachates running down landfill slopes. Determinations included the characterization of plant communities and microbial biodiversity. The study was supplemented with a bioassay under controlled conditions in pots containing soil contaminated with variable concentrations of Zn (as ZnCl(2)) intended to assess ecochemical actions in a population of Bromus rubens, which grows profusely in the landfill. PMID:21075508

  9. Municipal solid waste management in Beijing City

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an overview of municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Beijing City. Beijing, the capital of China, has a land area of approximately 1368.32 km2 with an urban population of about 13.33 million in 2006. Over the past three decades, MSW generation in Beijing City has increased tremendously from 1.04 million tons in 1978 to 4.134 million tons in 2006. The average generation rate of MSW in 2006 was 0.85 kg/capita/day. Food waste comprised 63.39%, followed by paper (11.07%), plastics (12.7%) and dust (5.78%). While all other wastes including tiles, textiles, glass, metals and wood accounted for less than 3%. Currently, 90% of MSW generated in Beijing is landfilled, 8% is incinerated and 2% is composted. Source separation collection, as a waste reduction method, has been carried out in a total of 2255 demonstration residential and commercial areas (covering about 4.7 million people) up to the end of 2007. Demonstration districts should be promoted over a wider range instead of demonstration communities. The capacity of transfer stations and treatment plants is an urgent problem as these sites are seriously overloaded. These problems should first be solved by constructing more sites and converting to new treatment technologies. Improvements in legislation, public education and the management of waste pickers are problematic issues which need to be addressed.

  10. Groundwater hydrogeochemistry of Trikala municipality, central Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skordas, Konstantinos; Papastergios, Georgios; Tziantziou, Lamprini; Neofitou, Nikolaos; Neofitou, Christos

    2013-01-01

    Sixty-four samples from the groundwater resources of Trikala municipality, central Greece, were collected during two periods (2006 and 2007) and analyzed for physico-chemical parameters (temperature, pH, specific electrical conductivity, and total dissolved solids), major ions (Ca(2+), Cl(-), HCO(3)(-), K(+), Mg(2+), Na(+), NO(3)(-), SO(4)(2-)), and several potentially toxic elements (Al, B, Ba, Br, Ca, Ce, Cl, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, La, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nd, Ni, P, Pb, Rb, S, Sc, Si, Sn, Sr, U, V, Y, Zn). European Council directives and USEPA guidelines were used to assess the water quality. The results indicate that all samples are fresh water, suitable for human consumption. All basic ions and physico-chemical parameters have average concentrations below their recommended optimum limits with the exception of electrical conductivity, for January 2007, and nitrate for October 2006 and January 2007 sampling periods. This exceedance is the result of dissolution of minerals such as calcite and dolomite that are present in the surrounding rocks and the application of fertilizers, respectively. Lead is the only element with an average value that exceeds the recommended EC guideline, while special attention should be paid to one borehole (T9) which has elevated NO(3)(-) values which may pose a risk to human health. PMID:22282351

  11. Hepatitis A behaviour in Yaguajay Municipality.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Iluminada Hernández Pérez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective-descriptive study was made to characterize the behavior of “Hepatitis A” in Yaguajay Municipality in the period between 2006 and 2007, in which were included all the patients that were notified by Declaration Card (EDO. For collecting data, EDO cards were analized; as well as the endemic accumulative and the annual chronological series. The prevalence of this disease was determined in health areas and small population, so as to establish a geographic stratification. The disease was characterized by social-demographic variables (sex, age, home and also the seasonally of Hepatitis A. As a result all the disease prognosis in both years were over the expectation and are regarded as “Normal”, this disease behavior was higher in Meneses and Mayajigua areas representing the majority of the community population The most affected ages were under 10, from 11 to 20 and from 21 to 29. Females and the urban area registered the highest amount of cases. The seasonally was different in both years. As a conclusion we can say that the Epidemic was characterized by a wide geographical distribution where Jarahueca and Perea were the most affected communities; causing injuries in male sex, affected ages were babies, teenagers and young adults, the seasonally behaved differently in both years.

  12. Barrios cerrados como estrategia de desarrollo municipal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Libertun de Duren

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Los barrios cerrados han sido generalmente estudiados desde la perspectiva de sus residentes, preferencias, estatus económico, y ambiciones sociales. Aun más, estos proyectos han sido asociados con el debilitamiento del estado y un desarrollo urbano gobernado por las necesidades del mercado. Sin embargo, queda por responder cual ha sido el papel de las instituciones públicas en la proliferación de barrios cerrados. Este artículo analiza el caso de Buenos Aires, donde las municipalidades suburbanas más pobres han visto a las urbanizaciones cerradas como una estrategia de desarrollo local. Aprovechando la descentralización de la reglamentación sobre los usos del suelo del nivel provincial al municipal, las municipalidades con un alto porcentaje de hogares pobres han facilitado el desarrollo de urbanizaciones cerradas como estrategia para aumentar el empleo local y la inversión privada en la zona. Como consecuencia de esta política, las urbanizaciones cerradas se han concentrado en las municipalidades más pobres del cono urbano bonaerense. Así, se ha incrementando la polarización social dentro de cada municipalidad, lo cual llama a revisar el efecto de las reformas de descentralización en la formación de una sociedad mas inclusiva y participativa.

  13. Greening Public Buildings: ESCO-Contracting in Danish Municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesper Rohr Hansen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents current research on Danish municipalities’ use of Energy Service Companies (ESCO as a way to improve the standard of public buildings and to increase energy efficiency. In recent years more and more municipalities have used ESCO-contracts to retrofit existing public buildings, and to make them more energy efficient. At the moment 30 municipalities (of the 98 municipalities in Denmark are involved in, or preparing, ESCO contracts. Nevertheless, ESCO-contracting still faces many challenges on the Danish market, as there is a widespread skepticism towards the concept amongst many stakeholders. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the various experience gained so far by municipalities use of ESCO-contracting, the different approached to ESCO-contracting being used in practice, as well as the different viewpoints drivers and barriers behind the development. The strong growth in ESCO-contracts reflects that the ESCO-concept fits well with a number of present problems that municipalities are facing, as well as a flexible adaptation to the local context in different municipalities.

  14. Determinants of municipal solid waste management in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luísa Mota Freitas

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Municipal solid waste management has been a topic of interest of several authors over time, in particular the implementation and maintenance of waste collection programmes. Initially, pioneering studies focused on the economic aspects of the provided services. However, many authors later argued the costs of providing solid waste collection services should also be influenced by socio-economic and behavioural factors, exogenous to the municipalities. The present study will be developed in this context, looking, more broadly, to explain the factors influencing the decision-making of the Portuguese municipalities in implementing and maintaining programs of selective collection of solid waste, considering the economic, financial, technological and sociodemographic factors. The results show that, indeed as presented by several authors before, economic factors aren’t the only determinants that influence municipal costs concerning these services, as demographic, geographic and technological factors must be taken into account. Moreover, the enforced legislation also impacts the municipal costs due to municipalities being obliged to contribute to the success of these collection programs in order to fulfil the waste recovery targets. This implies that the costs of these services and the inherent infrastructures are usually financed by its citizens in the form of utilization taxes and also the state.

  15. GHG emission factors developed for the recycling and composting of municipal waste in South African municipalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Elena; Trois, Cristina

    2013-11-01

    GHG (greenhouse gas) emission factors for waste management are increasingly used, but such factors are very scarce for developing countries. This paper shows how such factors have been developed for the recycling of glass, metals (Al and Fe), plastics and paper from municipal solid waste, as well as for the composting of garden refuse in South Africa. The emission factors developed for the different recyclables in the country show savings varying from -290kg CO2 e (glass) to -19111kg CO2 e (metals - Al) per tonne of recyclable. They also show that there is variability, with energy intensive materials like metals having higher GHG savings in South Africa as compared to other countries. This underlines the interrelation of the waste management system of a country/region with other systems, in particular with energy generation, which in South Africa, is heavily reliant on coal. This study also shows that composting of garden waste is a net GHG emitter, releasing 172 and 186kg CO2 e per tonne of wet garden waste for aerated dome composting and turned windrow composting, respectively. The paper concludes that these emission factors are facilitating GHG emissions modelling for waste management in South Africa and enabling local municipalities to identify best practice in this regard.

  16. MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF BOCAIÚVA-MG:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Augusto Lopes Magalhães

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The work was aimed at diagnosing the current situation of sorting and composting unit (UTC and check thewaste management currently practiced in the city of Bocaiuva-MG. Data from field surveys, and informationcollected in interviews with city officials characterized the status of all components of structures sorting unit, itsoperation and status of current licensing and management of waste in the municipality. The informationcollected in the field allowed to obtain data on waste management, including the generation, packaging,segregation, collection, transportation, treatment and final disposal. Results obtained can be observed that theUTC is disabled and in the process of degradation and the time factor by human action. With regard to wastemanagement, showed flaws in the system operation, and proposed measures for adaptation and recovery unit,with a proposal for the development of integrated management plan of solid waste, which will contributeconsiderably to the efficiency of street cleaning the city, improving the social and environmental well-being ofthe municipality.

  17. Conversion of municipal solid waste to hydrogen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richardson, J.H.; Rogers, R.S.; Thorsness, C.B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1995-09-01

    LLNL and Texaco are cooperatively developing a physical and chemical treatment method for the conversion of municipal solid waste (MSW) to hydrogen via the steps of hydrothermal pretreatment, gasification and purification. LLNL`s focus has been on hydrothermal pretreatment of MSW in order to prepare a slurry of suitable viscosity and heating value to allow efficient and economical gasification and hydrogen production. The project has evolved along 3 parallel paths: laboratory scale experiments, pilot scale processing, and process modeling. Initial laboratory-scale MSW treatment results (e.g., viscosity, slurry solids content) over a range of temperatures and times with newspaper and plastics will be presented. Viscosity measurements have been correlated with results obtained at MRL. A hydrothermal treatment pilot facility has been rented from Texaco and is being reconfigured at LLNL; the status of that facility and plans for initial runs will be described. Several different operational scenarios have been modeled. Steady state processes have been modeled with ASPEN PLUS; consideration of steam injection in a batch mode was handled using continuous process modules. A transient model derived from a general purpose packed bed model is being developed which can examine the aspects of steam heating inside the hydrothermal reactor vessel. These models have been applied to pilot and commercial scale scenarios as a function of MSW input parameters and have been used to outline initial overall economic trends. Part of the modeling, an overview of the MSW gasification process and the modeling of the MSW as a process material, was completed by a DOE SERS (Science and Engineering Research Semester) student. The ultimate programmatic goal is the technical demonstration of the gasification of MSW to hydrogen at the laboratory and pilot scale and the economic analysis of the commercial feasibility of such a process.

  18. Estrogenic activity in Finnish municipal wastewater effluents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Välitalo, Pia; Perkola, Noora; Seiler, Thomas-Benjamin; Sillanpää, Markus; Kuckelkorn, Jochen; Mikola, Anna; Hollert, Henner; Schultz, Eija

    2016-01-01

    Effluents from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are a major source of estrogenic compounds to the aquatic environment. In the present work, estrogenic activities of effluents from eight municipal WWTPs in Finland were studied. The main objectives of the study were to quantify the concentrations of selected estrogenic compounds, to evaluate their contribution to estrogenic potency and to test the feasibility of the commercial bioassays for wastewater analysis. The effluent samples were analyzed by two in vitro tests, i.e. ERα-CALUX(®) and ELISA-E2, and by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry for six estrogenic compounds: estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), 17α-estradiol and bisphenol A (BPA). Estrogenic effects were found in all of the effluent samples with both of the bioassays. The concentrations measured with ELISA-E2 (8.6-61.6 ng/L) were clearly higher but exhibited a similar pattern than those with chemical analysis (E2

  19. Obtaining cementitious material from municipal solid waste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Macías, A.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The primary purpose of the present study was to determine the viability of using incinerator ash and slag from municipal solid waste as a secondary source of cementitious materials. The combustion products used were taken from two types of Spanish MSW incinerators, one located at Valdemingómez, in Madrid, and the other in Melilla, with different incineration systems: one with fluidised bed combustion and other with mass burn waterwall. The effect of temperature (from 800 to 1,200 ºC on washed and unwashed incinerator residue was studied, in particular with regard to phase formation in washed products with a high NaCl and KCl content. The solid phases obtained were characterized by X-ray diffraction and BET-N2 specific surface procedures.El principal objetivo del trabajo ha sido determinar la viabilidad del uso de las cenizas y escorias procedentes de la incineración de residuos sólidos urbanos, como materia prima secundaria para la obtención de fases cementantes. Para ello se han empleado los residuos generados en dos tipos de incineradoras españolas de residuos sólidos urbanos: la incineradora de Valdemingómez y la incineradora de Melilla. Se ha estudiado la transformación de los residuos, sin tratamiento previo, en función de la temperatura de calentamiento (desde 800 ºC hasta 1.200 ºC, así como la influencia del lavado de los residuos con alto contenido en NaCl y KCl en la formación de fases obtenidas a las diferentes temperaturas de calcinación. Las fases obtenidas fueron caracterizadas por difracción de rayos X y área superficial por el método BET-N2.

  20. Conversion of municipal solid waste to hydrogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, J. H.; Rogers, R. S.; Thorsness, C. B.

    1995-04-01

    LLNL and Texaco are cooperatively developing a physical and chemical treatment method for the conversion of municipal solid waste (MSW) to hydrogen via the steps of hydrothermal pretreatment, gasification and purification. LLNL's focus has been on hydrothermal pretreatment of MSW in order to prepare a slurry of suitable viscosity and heating value to allow efficient and economical gasification and hydrogen production. The project has evolved along 3 parallel paths: laboratory scale experiments, pilot scale processing, and process modeling. Initial laboratory-scale MSW treatment results (e.g., viscosity, slurry solids content) over a range of temperatures and times with newspaper and plastics will be presented. Viscosity measurements have been correlated with results obtained at MRL. A hydrothermal treatment pilot facility has been rented from Texaco and is being reconfigured at LLNL; the status of that facility and plans for initial runs will be described. Several different operational scenarios have been modeled. Steady state processes have been modeled with ASPEN PLUS; consideration of steam injection in a batch mode was handled using continuous process modules. A transient model derived from a general purpose packed bed model is being developed which can examine the aspects of steam heating inside the hydrothermal reactor vessel. These models have been applied to pilot and commercial scale scenarios as a function of MSW input parameters and have been used to outline initial overall economic trends. Part of the modeling, an overview of the MSW gasification process and the modeling of the MSW as a process material, was completed by a DOE SERS (Science and Engineering Research Semester) student. The ultimate programmatic goal is the technical demonstration of the gasification of MSW to hydrogen at the laboratory and pilot scale and the economic analysis of the commercial feasibility of such a process.

  1. Building strong communities : municipal strategies for cleaner air

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-06-30

    This handbook discussed the contribution that municipalities can make toward cleaner air. It helps make the connection between urban growth patterns and local air quality and describes some creative local policy measures and tools that have been used by municipalities in Ontario to reduce the negative impact of urban development on air quality. It provides insight into how municipalities can improve air quality through land-use planning and infrastructure decisions. Toronto, Hamilton, Ottawa, Waterloo, London and Windsor are the 6 cities that lead Ontario's economic growth. However, one of the consequences is that southern Ontario currently has some of the worst air quality in Canada, resulting from smog, traffic congestion and urban sprawl. Some of the initiatives launched by the Ontario government to reduce greenhouse gases include the Drive Clean Program; phasing out coal-burning power plants; and tighter emission limits for diesel trucks and buses. Municipalities can also promote educational campaigns and infrastructure investment to improve local air quality. The implications of urban growth patterns and vehicle emissions on air quality were explained along with threats to air quality and the influence of local factors on poor air quality. Some of the measures adopted by municipalities include the creation of partnerships between governments, school boards, transit systems and energy providers. Other measures include: the creation of a smog Alert Response Plans to target emissions in municipal operations during periods of poor local air quality; restrictions on pesticide use; anti-idling protocols for municipal vehicles; conversion of portions of their fleets to propane, natural gas or bio-diesel fuel to reduce emissions; and financial incentives to promote energy conservation. figs.

  2. La instrucción y la beneficencia públicas al rescate de los futuros ciudadanos. El caso de la Escuela de Artes y Oficios de Jalisco, 1842-1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica González Villalobos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se mostrará el papel que jugaron las escuelas de artes y oficios en el contexto educativo mexicano del siglo XIX. Se verá que dichos planteles tenían la intención de formar ciudadanos útiles para el Estados; es decir, productivos y “civilizados”. Esto, se lograría mediante el trabajo manual aprendido en las escuelas de artes y oficios, las cuales estaban dedicadas a enseñar oficios tradicionales a los habitantes pobres de las concentraciones urbanas más importantes del país. Entre ellas se encontraba Guadalajara, en el estado de Jalisco, donde se argumentó la fundación de la Escuela de Artes Mecánicas (futura Escuela de Artes y Oficios como un medio de capacitación para los obreros que requerían las nuevas fábricas textiles instauradas en la entidad, así como para otorgar un medio de vida honrado y honorable a los menesterosos, quienes eran vistos, según la moral del momento, como un peligro a erradicar. Por esta razón, el quehacer educativo propuesto por las escuelas de artes y oficios fue confinado a la beneficencia, la cual también se relacionó directamente con el sistema correccional. Por tanto, dichas instituciones no ofrecían una alternativa para la movilidad social, sino para convertir a personas consideradas “inútiles” en sujetos productivos para los intereses del Estado.

  3. Municipalities' Preparedness for Weather Hazards and Response to Weather Warnings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehiriz, Kaddour; Gosselin, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    The study of the management of weather-related disaster risks by municipalities has attracted little attention even though these organizations play a key role in protecting the population from extreme meteorological conditions. This article contributes to filling this gap with new evidence on the level and determinants of Quebec municipalities’ preparedness for weather hazards and response to related weather warnings. Using survey data from municipal emergency management coordinators and secondary data on the financial and demographic characteristics of municipalities, the study shows that most Quebec municipalities are sufficiently prepared for weather hazards and undertake measures to protect the population when informed of imminent extreme weather events. Significant differences between municipalities were noted though. Specifically, the level of preparedness was positively correlated with the municipalities’ capacity and population support for weather-related disaster management policies. In addition, the risk of weather-related disasters increases the preparedness level through its effect on population support. We also found that the response to weather warnings depended on the risk of weather-related disasters, the preparedness level and the quality of weather warnings. These results highlight areas for improvement in the context of increasing frequency and/or severity of such events with current climate change. PMID:27649547

  4. Methane production during storage of anaerobically digested municipal organic waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Trine Lund; Sommer, Svend G; Gabriel, Søren; Christensen, Thomas H

    2006-01-01

    Anaerobic digestion of source-separated municipal organic waste is considered feasible in Denmark. The limited hydraulic retention in the biogas reactor (typically 15 d) does not allow full degradation of the organic waste. Storage of anaerobically digested municipal organic waste can therefore be a source of methane (CH4) emission that may contribute significantly to the potential global warming impact from the waste treatment system. This study provides a model for quantifying the CH4 production from stored co-digested municipal organic waste and estimates the production under typical Danish climatic conditions, thus quantifying the potential global warming impact from storage of the digested municipal organic waste before its use on agricultural land. Laboratory batch tests on CH4 production as well as temperature measurements in eight full-scale storage tanks provided data for developing a model estimating the CH4 production in storage tanks containing digested municipal organic waste. The temperatures measured in separate storage tanks on farms receiving digested slurry were linearly correlated with air temperature. In storage tanks receiving slurry directly from biogas reactors, significantly higher temperatures were measured due to the high temperatures of the effluent from the reactor. Storage tanks on Danish farms are typically emptied in April and have a constant inflow of digested material. During the warmest months the content of digested material is therefore low, which limits the yearly CH4 production from storage.

  5. Governance in managing public health resources in Brazilian municipalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avelino, George; Barberia, Lorena G; Biderman, Ciro

    2014-09-01

    This study contributes to the health governance discussion by presenting a new data set that allows for comparisons of the management of health resources among Brazilian municipalities. Research on Brazil is particularly important as the provision of health services was decentralized in 1988 and since then municipalities have been given greater responsibilities for the management of fiscal resources for public health service provision. Based on detailed information on corruption practices (such as over-invoicing, illegal procurement and fake receipts) from audit reports of health programmes in 980 randomly selected Brazilian municipalities, this study deepens understanding of the relationship between health governance institutions and the incidence of corruption at the local level by exploring the extent to which horizontal and vertical accountabilities contribute to reducing the propensity of municipal government officials to divert public health resources for private gain. The results of our multiple regression analysis suggest that the experience of health municipal councils is correlated with reductions in the incidence of corruption in public health programmes. This impact is significant over time, with each additional year of health council experience reducing corruption incidence levels by 2.1% from baseline values. The findings reported in this study do not rely on the subjectivity of corruption measures which usually conflate the actual incidence of corruption with its perception by informants. Based on our results, we provide recommendations that can assist policy makers to reduce corruption.

  6. Credit Enhancements and the Romanian Municipal Bond Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia POP

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Under the combined pressure of increased urbanization, fiscal adjustments and decentralization, central governments were pushed towards accepting the idea of local government accessing the private finance sources for their public infrastructure and service development investments. While the importance of borrowing increases for local developments, the main challenge many small municipalities have to face is the difficulty to access private financing sources. One obstacle is related to the creditworthiness of the municipal debtor or bond issuer. Sub-national governments can overcome the problem of creditworthiness through the use of credit enhancement mechanisms or techniques. The present paper is the first to discuss the situation of credit enhancements for Romanian municipal bond financing, its consequences and the path that might be followed for their further development. The absence of appropriate credit enhancements can be considered among the factors that contributed to the underdevelopment of the Romanian municipal bond market segment mainly between 2011 and 2014. In order to improve the municipal bond market profile, Romanian local governments should not ignore credit enhancements for any future bond issue and a combination of internal credit enhancements and bond pooling, as external credit enhancements seem to provide a feasible solution.

  7. Leaching from municipal solid waste incineration residues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hyks, J.

    2008-02-15

    Leaching of pollutants from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) residues has been investigated combining a range of laboratory leaching experiments with geochemical modeling. Special attention was paid to assessing the applicability of laboratory data for subsequent modeling with respect to presumed full-scale conditions; both sample pretreatment and actual influence of leaching conditions on the results of laboratory experiments were considered. It was shown that sample pretreatment may have large impact on leaching test data. In particular, a significant fraction of Pb was shown mobile during the washing of residues with water. In addition, drying of residues (i.e. slow oxidation) prior to leaching experiments increased the leaching of Cr significantly. Significant differences regarding the leaching behavior of individual elements with respect to (non)equilibrium conditions in column percolation experiments were observed in the study. As a result, three groups of elements were identified based on the predominant leaching control and the influence of (non)equilibrium on the results of the laboratory column experiments: I. Predominantly availability-controlled elements (e.g. Na, K, Cl) II. Solubility-controlled elements (e.g. Ca, S, Si, Al, Ba, and Zn) III. Complexation-controlled elements (e.g. Cu and Ni) With respect to the above groups it was suggested that results of laboratory column experiments can, with consideration, be used to estimate full-scale leaching of elements from Group I and II. However, in order to avoid large underestimations in the assessment of leaching from Group III, it is imperative to describe the time-dependent transport of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the tested system or to minimize the physical non-equilibrium during laboratory experiments (e.g. bigger column, slower flow velocity). Forward geochemical modeling was applied to simulate long-term release of elements from a MSWI air-pollution-control residue. Leaching of a

  8. Exploring social networks of municipal science education stakeholders in Danish Science Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von der Fehr, Ane

    Science education development is a field of many interests and a key interest is recruitment of students who wish to pursue an education in science. This is an urgent societal demand in Denmark as well as internationally, since highly skilled science graduates are needed for the continuous...... development in the science and technology industry. Therefore, much effort has been invested to improve science education. The importance of school external stakeholders in development of education has been an increasingly emphasised, also in the field of science education. This has led to a growing focus...... involved in science education development. These municipal science education networks (MSE networks) were identified as important for development of science education in the SM project. Therefore, it was a key interest to explore these networks in order to investigate how the central stakeholders affected...

  9. Educación intercultural bilingüe. Un acercamiento a través de la práctica docente de las escuelas de la región Wixarika en el estado de Jalisco-México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Vergara Fregoso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es compartir la experiencia de investigación y algunos hallazgos en cuanto al cómo se lleva a cabo la educación intercultural bilingüe en las escuelas ubicadas en la zona Wixarika–Huichola; comunidad indígena que habita en la zona norte del estado de Jalisco-México. Dicha investigación, titulada “Condiciones y mejoramiento de la educación intercultural de los estudiantes indígenas, nahuas y huicholes de educación primaria en Jalisco”, fue financiada por los fondos SEP-SEByN-CONACYT 2003-C01-451. La realización de la investigación se encaminó a la comprensión de los procesos y factores que entran en juego para determinar la calidad de la educación intercultural en la comunidad wixarika en el estado de Jalisco-México. Los indicadores de estas comunidades apuntan a índices altos de fracaso, de deserción y de reprobación escolar, así como la baja eficiencia terminal en las escuelas ubicadas en las dos zonas indígenas de referencia.

  10. Need for strengthened focus on cancer rehabilitation in Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Maria; Adamsen, Lis; Brinkmann, Fie Kjær;

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Danish municipalities have recently been given a mandate to organise cancer rehabilitation services. Knowledge is therefore needed about the services provided and their utilisation. The aim of this national Danish baseline survey was to explore the availability, utilisation, content...... of evidence-based models for cancer rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: There is a need for increased capacity and improved alignment between patients' rehabilitation needs and the available services. FUNDING: This study was funded by grants from The Centre for Integrated Rehabilitation of Cancer Patients (CIRE...... and organisation of municipal cancer rehabilitation services. METHODS: Electronic questionnaires were sent to all 98 Danish municipalities in January 2013. The questionnaire consisted of closed-ended and open-ended questions. Descriptive statistics and contents analysis were used. RESULTS: A total of 91...

  11. Municipal solid waste management in a new legislation: comprehensive approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berezyuk Maria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of the municipal solid waste (MSW formation and recycling has been very important for many decades in the Russian Federation. The sustainable development of the Russian Federation subjects and municipalities, their evolution to the status of “smart cities” is not possible without solving this problem. The current situation in the area of SHW treatment leads to the dangerous environmental pollution, improper use of the natural resources, and the significant economic damage and poses a threat to the health of the present and future generations of the country. The authors examine the issues of implementation of the changes in the field of municipal solid waste management legislation. The problems of the comprehensive waste management are also discussed on the example of the Sverdlovsk region (Sverdlovskaya Oblast.

  12. Android Based Complaint Management System For Municipal Corporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trupti Bomble

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This Application will help the common people under the jurisdiction of a municipal corporation to register their grievances about day to day problems in their ward through a mobile application. It will provide a common man to deliver his complaints and problems to municipal authority as well as let the municipal authorities to address the problem in a short period of time. This application provides an interface to register one’s complained and follow it up. It provides a camera module which help clicking up a picture of any problem that people are facing and upload its image along with the complaint. The location of complaint is tracked by Global Positioning System (GPS unit.

  13. Energy recovery from municipal solid waste in an anaerobic reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeyapriya, S P; Saseetharan, M K

    2008-07-01

    Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste was carried out in the laboratory at room temperature to assess the bio-energy production from municipal solid waste (MSW) with high total solids content. The total biogas production from the municipal garbage was found to be 3.2 L in 120 days. The results from the biomethanation process showed that an increase in gas production was observed with increase in digestion period when the bioconversion parameters were found to be favorable for the production of gas. Changes in the parameters, such as pH, affected the production of gas significantly. Samples taken from the reactor at definite interval of time during the degradation process showed considerable reduction in total volatile solids, total carbon, total nitrogen and COD, etc. indicating the waste stabilization. PMID:19552079

  14. Anaerobic treatment of municipal wastewater using the UASB-technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, I; Weichgrebe, D; Rosenwinkel, K-H

    2007-01-01

    The anaerobic treatment of municipal wastewater enables new applications for the reuse of wastewater. The effluent could be used for irrigation as the included nutrients are not affected by the treatment. Much more interesting now are renewable energies and the retrenchment of CO(2) emission. With the anaerobic treatment of municipal wastewater, not only can the CO(2) emission be reduced but "clean" energy supply can be gained by biogas. Most important for the sustainability of this process is the gathering of methane from the liquid effluent of the reactor, because the negative climate-relevant effect from the degassing methane is much higher than the positive effect from saving CO(2) emission. In this study, UASB reactors were used with a flocculent sludge blanket for the biodegradation of the carbon fraction in the wastewater with different temperatures and concentrations. It could be shown that the positive effect is much higher for municipal wastewater with high concentrations in hot climates. PMID:18048975

  15. ESCO in Danish municipalities: Basic, integrative or strategic approaches?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Hansen, Jesper Rohr; Balslev Nielsen, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    , with relatively few buildings, energy retrofitting and low investments, the integrative and strategic approach include a higher degree of partnership, a more ambitious building renovation approach, and more innovative understandings of facilities management. We also compare ESCO with energy retrofitting as an in......Purpose: The aim of this paper is to discuss the possible benefits of involving Energy Service Companies (ESCO) in realising energy savings in municipalities, and how ESCO projects can be formulated very differently in the various municipalities, according to building volume, use of technologies...... approaches are being used in Danish municipalities, which we label the basic, the integrated and the strategic ESCO approaches. The three approaches include different ambitions, technologies, economies and innovation potentials. Whereas the basic approach implies a ‘traditional’ guarantee-based model...

  16. The evaluation of the state of the Sopot Municipality environment as a condition for sustainable development of the municipality area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipović Dejan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Sopot Municipality can be conditionally characterized as 'an ecological municipality' considering it is known for its preserved and quality environment, which is the result of the absence of greater sources of degradation and environmental pollution. The structure and usage of the Sopot municipality space was influenced by its specific position and historic development, the resources, the fact it is in the vicinity of Belgrade, as well as the processes taking places in the last few decades. Besides natural, anthropogenic factors substantially influenced the way of spatial development, often violating natural conditions and possibilities. In that sense, the current environmental condition analysis represents the important integral planning base for further spatial development of the Municipality. In this paper the environmental condition is shown according to single elements (air, water, soil, the attention is drawn to the problem of waste on the Sopot Municipality area, and in the end the valorization of the environment was performed from the aspect of pollution level.

  17. Electric energy management - basis for a municipal public politics; Gestao da energia eletrica - bases para uma politica publica municipal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurahassi, Luiz Fernando

    2006-07-01

    Electricity is an input whose impact on the costs of the municipal public services varies according to the manner it is used and to the way it is obtained from the supplying company. The management of its use results in savings and in greater efficiency and quality of the delivered services - including the public lighting - besides, it softens environmental impacts and develops actions to orientate society towards energy-efficient consumption habits. The public sector has a significant share in the electricity final consumption in Brazil, trending to increase, but a room for consumption reduction and increase in energy efficiency can be seen in the municipalities. The purpose of this thesis is to identify concepts and set parameters that can be the basis of a public policy on electrical power management at the ambit of municipality. This paper reports a series of theoretical studies and empirical researches concerning the efficient use of electrical power in public services in cities of different countries and analyses the results reached from the application of models that successively work in the reality of cities from the Sao Paulo metropolitan area. It concludes that the municipality must play a role much more relevant than being a simple institutional electricity consumer, by proposing the basis for an intervention in the municipal reality. (author)

  18. Political factors and the efficiency of municipal expenditure in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Seroa da Motta

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses how political and institutional factors affected the performance of municipalities in improving social welfare in Brazil in the period from1990 to 2000. Themodel adopts a stochastic production frontier, conditioned by variables related to the provision costs of services and those that can affect municipal efficiency. The results indicated that we can not reject:1 economies of scale; 2 the effect of vote margin in the municipality and the type (first or second of mandate of elected governor, which indicates a form of patronage; and 3 that local politics and the existence of sectorial boards did not affect the level of efficiency for municipal spending, suggesting an asymmetry of information between politics and voters.Este estudo analisa como fatores políticos e institucionais afetama eficiência do gasto municipal no provimento do bem estar para a população ao longo da década dos noventa. O modelo adota a abordagem da fronteira de produção estocástica, condicionada por variáveis relacionadas ao custo da provisão dos serviços e os incentivos que afetam a eficiência municipal. O resultado indica que não podemos rejeitar: 1 economias de escala; 2 o efeito da margem de voto no município e do tipo de mandato (primeiro ou segundo do governador eleito, indicando uma forma de clientelismo; e que 3 a política local e a existência de comitê setoriais não afetam o nível da eficiência do gasto, o que sugere assimetria de informação entre os políticos e os eleitores.

  19. Identity Management Mismatch Challenges in the Danish Municipality Administration System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mads Schaarup; Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    2010-01-01

    Integrating a COTS product in a company’s product portfolio is appealing from a business perspective but highly challenging from the perspective of the software architecture. In this paper we outline research challenges regarding authorization in the identity management part of the Danish...... municipality administration system, called Opus BRS, a system that integrates SAP, legacy mainframe systems, and other systems present in the individual municipalities. Each of these systems defines their own access control model and architecture, which leads to architectural mismatch that impacts security...

  20. Introducción : la última deriva del urbanismo municipal

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrer, Amador

    2005-01-01

    Más de 25 años de urbanismo municipal democrático en España deberían ser suficientes para permitir la formulación de un balance general, pese a la diversidad de planteamientos que han introducido las leyes autonómicas y la organización administrativa y de la gestión urbanística que afecta al urbanismo municipal. Este balance general está por hacer, aunque sí existen trabajos, textos y reflexiones parciales, muchas veces basados en opiniones derivadas de la propia experiencia o bien limitados ...

  1. Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste: Technical developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivard, C.J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1996-01-01

    The anaerobic biogasification of organic wastes generates two useful products: a medium-Btu fuel gas and a compost-quality organic residue. Although commercial-scale digestion systems are used to treat municipal sewage wastes, the disposal of solid organic wastes, including municipal solid wastes (MSW), requires a more cost-efficient process. Modern biogasification systems employ high-rate, high-solids fermentation methods to improve process efficiency and reduce capital costs. The design criteria and development stages are discussed. These systems are also compared with conventional low-solids fermentation technology.

  2. Qualitative exploration of centralities in municipal science education networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von der Fehr, Ane; Sølberg, Jan

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the social nature of educational change by conducting a social network analysis of social networks involving stakeholders of science education from teachers to political stakeholders. Social networks that comprise supportive structures for development of science education...... are diverse and in order to understand how municipal stakeholders may support such development, we explored four different municipal science education networks (MSE networks) using three different measures of centrality. The centrality measures differed in terms of what kind of stakeholder functions...... of science education, especially if they are aware of their own centrality and are able to use their position intentionally for the benefit of science education....

  3. Municipal services as a means of increasing the citizens’ activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Valeryevna Yakhina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective to propose ways of increasing the activity of Russian citizens through the institution of municipal services. Methods the methodological basis of the study was a systematic and integrated approach to the analysis of the institution of municipal services. The general philosophical method was used as well as general scientific methods of cognition dialectical systemic analysis and synthesis induction and deduction and specific scientific methods comparativelegal formallegal historicallegal sociological systemicfunctional theoreticalprognostic linguolegal methods. In particular the formallegal method was used to study the problem of the legal fixation of administrative regulations statuses the theoreticalprognostic method was used in preparing recommendations to increase the activity of citizens. Results the municipal services are regarded by the author as a way to meet the needs of the population of a particular territory and as a way of interaction between local public authorities and the citizens. The issue of the functioning of emunicipalities is studied as well as the shortcomings in the legal regulation in this field. The problem is discussed of insufficient use of the Internet in the local authoritiesrsquo interaction with citizens. The author suggests ways to improve the Federal Law quotOn the organization of state and municipal servicesquot N 210FZ of July 2 2010 regarding the use of the Internet as a means of feedback between the public authorities and the population of a territory. Special attention is paid to normative legal acts regulating the procedure of municipal services provision i.e. the administrative regulations of local authorities. The emerging challenges in the legal regulation of the specified institution are identified the solutions to the identified problems are proposed. Scientific novelty in 2010 the institution of municipal services has undergone significant modernization thus the necessity to its research

  4. Landfill Leachate Toxicity Removal in Combined Treatment with Municipal Wastewater

    OpenAIRE

    J. Kalka

    2012-01-01

    Combined treatment of landfill leachate and municipal wastewater was performed in order to investigate the changes of leachate toxicity during biological treatment. Three laboratory A2O lab-scale reactors were operating under the same parameters (Q-8.5–10 L/d; HRT-1.4–1.6 d; MLSS 1.6–2.5 g/L) except for the influent characteristic and load. The influent of reactor I consisted of municipal wastewater amended with leachate from postclosure landfill; influent of reactor II consisted of leachate ...

  5. Characteristics of integrated biological aerated filter in municipal wastewater treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Qiang; ZHANG Yu-ping; XU Jian-bin

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the characteristics of integrated biological aerated filter (IBAF) applied to municipal wastewater treatment were studied in a pilot scale experiment. The experimental results showed that IBAF has high efficiencies in removing organic pollutants, such as CODCr and SS, in municipal wastewater. The removal rates of CODCr and SS can reach over 90% and 80%, respectively, when COD and SS in the influent are 234 mg L-1 and 112 mg L-1, hydraulic retention time (HRT) is 8 h, and the aerated intensity is in the range of (0.5 to 0.6) L m-2 s-1.

  6. Empirical findings about organisational innovation in a Danish Municipality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinez, Laia

    innovation journey of the Children and Youth administration in Gentofte Municipality, Denmark . The investigation departures from the realisation of a new political school vision in Gentofte Municipality. In an innovative way the vision challenges the traditional organisation of the public school system...... and the roles of politicians, administrators, school leaders, teachers, educators, labour unions, parents and children. The aim of the paper is to examine and develop the theory of innovation within an organisational context, to explain how the organisation understands and operationalizes innovation. And last...... but not least to highlight the main challenges that innovation raises for the organisation and individuals and what can be done to overcome these challenges....

  7. A critical analysis of the role of the chief financial officer within local municipal council / Jevio Mculu

    OpenAIRE

    Mculu, Jevio

    2008-01-01

    The Municipal Manager is responsible for the overall financial management of the municipality as requirement of MFMA. However, section 79(1) of the MFMA makes a provision for the municipal manager to delegate the financial management to the senior manager. The legislative requires that all municipalities should appoint a Chief Financial Officer (CFO) who must be a member of the Senior Management of the municipality. The act, furthermore, requires the municipality to establish the budget and t...

  8. Research on Health Risk-Based Radioactive Acceptance Criteria of Municipal Solid Waste Landfill

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The article focuses on the topics of Health Risk-Based Radioactive Acceptance Criteria of Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (MSWL, including municipal refuse landfills or industrial solid waste landfills, MSWL). At first, health risk assessment

  9. 77 FR 13589 - Seminole Electric Cooperative, Inc. and Florida Municipal Power Agency v.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Seminole Electric Cooperative, Inc. and Florida Municipal Power Agency v. Florida Power Corporation; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on February 29, 2012, pursuant to sections....206 (2011), Seminole Electric Cooperative, Inc. and Florida Municipal Power Agency...

  10. Physical-chemical pretreatment as an option for increased sustainability of municipal wastewater treatment plants.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mels, A.R.

    2001-01-01

    Keywords : municipal wastewater treatment, physical-chemical pretreatment, chemically enhanced primary treatment, organic polymers, environmental sustainabilityMost of the currently applied municipal wastewater treatment plants in The Netherlands are based on the activated sludge process and include

  11. Energy potential of municipal solid waste incineration in urban areas of China.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zheng, Ling

    2006-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the energy potential of municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration in Chinese cities from 1996 to 2020. In China, with improving the standard of living recently, the extreme increase of the municipal solid waste generation (MSWG)

  12. The Impact of a State Bond Guarantee on State Credit Markets and Individual Municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Hsueh, L. Paul; Kidwell, David S.

    1988-01-01

    Examines the overall effect of a state bond guarantee on state credit markets and individual municipalities. Analyzes the Texas School Bond Guarantee program and it's impact on the borrowing cost of school districts and other municipalities within the state.

  13. An updated list of Municipal Public-Private Innovation studies in Europe, especially Nordic studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mikkel Hvidtfeldt; Fuglsang, Lars; Hulgård, Lars;

    Prepaperd for the research project Municipal Innovation Research for Institutional Development (MIRID), WP1, at Lillehammer University College......Prepaperd for the research project Municipal Innovation Research for Institutional Development (MIRID), WP1, at Lillehammer University College...

  14. CHARACTERIZATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE, IN KAZAURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Abubakar Abdullahi Musa*, Armaya’u Suleiman Labo, Surayya M. Lamido, Sarki Aliyu Salisu, Muhammad Bello Ibrahim, Nura Bello

    2016-01-01

    Municipal solid waste is been one of the greatest challenge facing environmental Protection agencies in most cities of the world. This Paper presents a generation and compositions of municipal solid waste in Kazaure local government Jigawa state, the compositions of municipal solid waste were determined using samples obtained from Central collection situated at Kanti area. However, Kanti landfill received a volume of municipal solid waste from eleven wards of 175.07 m3 in dry season and 182.2...

  15. Parametric Evaluation of Digestability of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste for Biogas Production

    OpenAIRE

    Monoj Kumar Mondal; Aparna Banerjee

    2015-01-01

    Municipal solid waste was collected from Varanasi’s municipal solid waste dumpsite and sorted for organic fraction present in it. Current work showed the consequences of calcium hydroxide or lime digestion on organic fraction of municipal solid waste of Varanasi, India. The organic fraction of municipal solid waste sample was digested with desired amount of calcium hydroxide. The different concentrations (0.1, 0.2, and 0.5 %) of calcium hydroxide was blended separately to substrates (10...

  16. The municipal archives of the City of New York

    OpenAIRE

    Cobb, Kenneth R.

    1999-01-01

    Ith some 100,000 cubic feet of civic documents, vital and building records, libers, films and photographs, New York City's Municipal Archives is a magnet for researchers. Among those who benefit from centralized access to the wealth of material deposited in the Archives by city government agencies are genealogists, urban scholars and architectural historians.

  17. Particle related fractionation and characterisation of municipal wastewater

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuijzen, van A.F.; Graaf, van der J.H.J.M.; Kampschreur, M.J.; Mels, A.R.

    2004-01-01

    Several studies show that a more detailed characterisation of the particulate matter in municipal wastewater gives a better understanding and prediction of removal efficiencies of physical-chemical treatment techniques and the application of optimal chemical dosages. Such a characterisation should i

  18. A municipal guide to least cost utility planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The recent track record of ''traditional'' electricity planning, which entails selection of supply side resources to meet forecasted demand, has not been good. There are numerous examples of utilities incorrectly forecasting demand and over-building generating capacity while others underestimated growth and have had to cut demand and find alternate power sources to avoid outages. A potential solution to this problem is the continuing development of Least Cost Utility Plannning (LCUP). Regulatory commissions, consumer advocates and utilities are increasingly relying an LCUP as the most responsible way to avoid construction of new capacity and alleviate anticipated shortages caused by cancellation of construction projects, load growth, or natural replacement of aging capacity. The purpose of this report is to provide municipalities a starting point for evaluating their servicing utilities or states' least cost plan. This was accomplished by: Identifying key issues in LCUP; reviewing examples of the collaborative and classic approaches to LCUP in Illinois, California, New York State and Michigan; cataloging municipal authorities and strategies which can influence or support LCUP activities. Results of the project indicate that through a basic understanding of LCUP processes and issues, municipalities will be in a better position to influence plans or, if necessary, intervene in regulatory proceedings where plans are adopted. Constraints to municipal involvement in LCUP include statutory limitations, resource constraints, and a lack of knowledge of indirect authorities that support the LCUP process

  19. HOLISTIC APPROACH TO ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper presents results from the application of a new municipal solid waste (MSW) management planning aid to EPA's new facility in the Research Triangle Park, NC. This planning aid, or decision support tool, is computer software that analyzes the cost and environmental impact ...

  20. Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactors For Cost-Effective Municipal Water Reuse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Özgün, H.

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) technology has been increasingly researched for municipal wastewater treatment as a means to produce nutrient-rich, solids free effluents with low levels of pathogens, while occupying a small footprint. An AnMBR can be used not only for on-site

  1. Parental Expectations of the Swedish Municipal School of Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilliedahl, Jonathan; Georgii-Hemming, Eva

    2009-01-01

    This article draws on a study designed to analyse parental expectations of the Swedish municipal school of arts (hereafter MSA) (in Swedish: kommunal musik- och kulturskola). The study is based on in-depth interviews conducted and informed by grounded theory. Although parental expectations are scarcely uniform, the study reveals a hope that the…

  2. Enhancing the Creditworthiness of Municipal Bonds : Innovations from Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Leigland, James; Mandri-Perrott, Cledan

    2008-01-01

    In 2001-03 the municipal bond market in Mexico was among the most active in the developing world. Government officials had found a way to dramatically enhance the creditworthiness of local government debt without using sovereign guarantees. The technique, adapted in part from private sector 'future flow' financing deals, enabled a state or local government to earn significantly higher cred...

  3. Optimizing Resource and Energy Recovery for Municipal Solid Waste Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Significant reductions of carbon emissions and air quality impacts can be achieved by optimizing municipal solid waste (MSW) as a resource. Materials and discards management were found to contribute ~40% of overall U.S. GHG emissions as a result of materials extraction, transpo...

  4. A municipal guide to least cost utility planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-03-01

    The recent track record of ``traditional`` electricity planning, which entails selection of supply side resources to meet forecasted demand, has not been good. There are numerous examples of utilities incorrectly forecasting demand and over-building generating capacity while others underestimated growth and have had to cut demand and find alternate power sources to avoid outages. A potential solution to this problem is the continuing development of Least Cost Utility Plannning (LCUP). Regulatory commissions, consumer advocates and utilities are increasingly relying an LCUP as the most responsible way to avoid construction of new capacity and alleviate anticipated shortages caused by cancellation of construction projects, load growth, or natural replacement of aging capacity. The purpose of this report is to provide municipalities a starting point for evaluating their servicing utilities or states` least cost plan. This was accomplished by: Identifying key issues in LCUP; reviewing examples of the collaborative and classic approaches to LCUP in Illinois, California, New York State and Michigan; cataloging municipal authorities and strategies which can influence or support LCUP activities. Results of the project indicate that through a basic understanding of LCUP processes and issues, municipalities will be in a better position to influence plans or, if necessary, intervene in regulatory proceedings where plans are adopted. Constraints to municipal involvement in LCUP include statutory limitations, resource constraints, and a lack of knowledge of indirect authorities that support the LCUP process.

  5. A municipal guide to least cost utility planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-03-01

    The recent track record of traditional'' electricity planning, which entails selection of supply side resources to meet forecasted demand, has not been good. There are numerous examples of utilities incorrectly forecasting demand and over-building generating capacity while others underestimated growth and have had to cut demand and find alternate power sources to avoid outages. A potential solution to this problem is the continuing development of Least Cost Utility Plannning (LCUP). Regulatory commissions, consumer advocates and utilities are increasingly relying an LCUP as the most responsible way to avoid construction of new capacity and alleviate anticipated shortages caused by cancellation of construction projects, load growth, or natural replacement of aging capacity. The purpose of this report is to provide municipalities a starting point for evaluating their servicing utilities or states' least cost plan. This was accomplished by: Identifying key issues in LCUP; reviewing examples of the collaborative and classic approaches to LCUP in Illinois, California, New York State and Michigan; cataloging municipal authorities and strategies which can influence or support LCUP activities. Results of the project indicate that through a basic understanding of LCUP processes and issues, municipalities will be in a better position to influence plans or, if necessary, intervene in regulatory proceedings where plans are adopted. Constraints to municipal involvement in LCUP include statutory limitations, resource constraints, and a lack of knowledge of indirect authorities that support the LCUP process.

  6. Integrating climate change into governance at the municipal scale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wejs, Anja

    2014-01-01

    traditions and perceptions. This article examines dif- ferent approaches to CC governance and the institutional dynamics that occur in the integration process within eight Danish municipalities in the initial phase of integrating CC. The results show three different governance approaches related to climate...

  7. Data summary of municipal solid waste management alternatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This appendix contains background information, technical descriptions, economic data, mass and energy balances, and information on environmental releases for the refuse derived fuels (RDF) option in municipal solid waste management alternatives. Demonstration programs at St. Louis, Missouri; Franklin, Ohio; and Delaware are discussed. Information on pellet production and cofiring with coal is also presented.

  8. Salt vulnerability assessment methodology for municipal supply wells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, Andrew; Gharabaghi, Bahram; McBean, Ed; Levison, Jana; Parker, Beth

    2015-12-01

    De-icing agents containing chloride ions used for winter road maintenance have the potential to negatively impact groundwater resources for drinking water supplies. A novel methodology using commonly-available geospatial data (land use, well head protection areas) and public accessible data (salt application rates, hydrometric data) to identify salt vulnerable areas (SVAs) for groundwater wells is developed to prioritize implementation of better management practices for road salt applications. The approach uses simple mass-balance terms to collect chloride input from 3 pathways: surface runoff, shallow interflow and baseflow. A risk score is calculated, which depends on the land use within the respective municipal supply well protection area. Therefore, it is plausible to avoid costly and extensive numerical modeling (which also would bear many assumptions, simplifications and uncertainties). The method is applied to perform a vulnerability assessment on twenty municipal water supply wells in the Grand River watershed, Ontario, Canada. The calculated steady-state groundwater recharge chloride concentration for the supply wells is strongly correlated to the measured transient groundwater chloride concentrations in the case study evaluation, with an R2 = 0.84. The new method provides a simple, robust, and practical method for municipalities to assess the long-term risk of chloride contamination of municipal supply wells due to road salt application.

  9. India : Municipal Financing Requirements - Water, Sewerage, and Solid Waste

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    This report presents the main results from cost models that were developed as an input to the High Powered Expert Committee on Urban Development in order to estimate the investment, operations, and maintenance requirements for urban water, sanitation and municipal solid waste in India. The cost models are designed as tools that allow linking the various building blocks of the cost estimat...

  10. Landfill Leachate Toxicity Removal in Combined Treatment with Municipal Wastewater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Kalka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Combined treatment of landfill leachate and municipal wastewater was performed in order to investigate the changes of leachate toxicity during biological treatment. Three laboratory A2O lab-scale reactors were operating under the same parameters (Q-8.5–10 L/d; HRT-1.4–1.6 d; MLSS 1.6–2.5 g/L except for the influent characteristic and load. The influent of reactor I consisted of municipal wastewater amended with leachate from postclosure landfill; influent of reactor II consisted of leachate collected from transient landfill and municipal wastewater; reactor III served as a control and its influent consisted of municipal wastewater only. Toxicity of raw and treated wastewater was determinted by four acute toxicity tests with Daphnia magna, Thamnocephalus platyurus, Vibrio fischeri, and Raphidocelis subcapitata. Landfill leachate increased initial toxicity of wastewater. During biological treatment, significant decline of acute toxicity was observed, but still mixture of leachate and wastewater was harmful to all tested organisms.

  11. EFFECTS OF COMPOSTED MUNICIPAL SLUDGE ON SOILBORNE PLANT PATHOGENS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The effect of composted municipal sludge (CMS) on soilborne plant pathogens was evaluated in three sets of experiments. Studies with soybeans over three growing seasons investigated the effect of CMS on root rot severity and yield in Phytophthora-infested soil, the effect of appl...

  12. Research challenges in municipal solid waste logistics management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bing, Xiaoyun; Bloemhof-Ruwaard, Jacqueline; Ramos, Tania Rodrigues Pereira; Barbosa-Povoa, Ana Paula; Wong, Chee Yew; Vorst, van der J.G.A.J.

    2016-01-01

    During the last two decades, EU legislation has put increasing pressure on member countries to achieve specified recycling targets for municipal household waste. These targets can be obtained in various ways choosing collection methods, separation methods, decentral or central logistic systems, e

  13. Data summary of municipal solid waste management alternatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This appendix contains the alphabetically indexed bibliography for the complete group of reports on municipal waste management alternatives. The references are listed for each of the following topics: mass burn technologies, RDF technologies, fluidized-bed combustion, pyrolysis and gasification of MSW, materials recovery- recycling technologies, sanitary landfills, composting, and anaerobic digestion of MSW.

  14. Data summary of municipal solid waste management alternatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This appendix contains the numerically indexed bibliography for the complete group of reports on municipal solid waste management alternatives. The list references information on the following topics: mass burn technologies, RDF technologies, fluidized bed combustion, pyrolysis and gasification of MSW, materials recovery- recycling technologies, sanitary landfills, composting and anaerobic digestion of MSW.

  15. 40 CFR 35.907 - Municipal pretreatment program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... determination of municipal facilities to be constructed for monitoring or analysis of industrial waste. (e... other nondomestic wastes covered by guidance issued under section 304(g) of the Act. (d) Development of... character and volume of pollutants discharged, type of industry, location (see paragraph (f) of this...

  16. INTERNAL COMMUNICATION SECTOR MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL NEPHROLOGY SANTARÉM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Geraldo Cássio Wanghon Coelho

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the issue of communication and is a case study, conducted by the Division of Nephrology, Hospital Municipal de Santarém. Using a method of quantitative descriptive approach, we assume the general objective: to investigate the internal communication in the sector of Nephrology, Hospital Municipal de Santarém. Enhance industry professionals nephrology and keep them informed about all aspects of the Municipal Hospital of Santarém is a fundamental condition for there to be commitment, development and delivery of quality services to patients (external customers. The following data collected were analyzed by identifying how to develop internal communication, ie to check the channels used in the transmission of information and its effectiveness. During the survey showed respondents were satisfied with the channels of information that the institution adopts. It is concluded that the sector seeks to Santarém Municipal Hospital in front of their actions, provide an efficient channel of communication as to motivate and meet the performance of each employee.

  17. Biomethane as an Environment-Friendly Fuel for Municipal Transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papacz, Władysław J.

    2012-09-01

    An idea to replace the conventional engine fuel with biomethane has been described. The effects of such a swap have been analysed for municipal transport buses in Warsaw. The replacement has been shown to result in a significant reduction of toxic exhaust emissions and in economic savings. The analysis results have been presented in the form of tables and graphs.

  18. Girls' Groups and Boys' Groups at a Municipal Technology Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salminen-Karlsson, Minna

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the Swedish initiative of municipal technology centres from a gender point of view. These centres provide after-school technology education for children aged 6-16. By means of an ethnographic study, the effects of the use of single-sex groups in increasing the interest of girls and boys in technical activities have been…

  19. Global warming factor of municipal solid waste management in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gentil, Emmanuel; Clavreul, Julie; Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2009-01-01

    The global warming factor (GWF; CO2-eq. tonne—1 waste) performance of municipal waste management has been investigated for six representative European Member States: Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Poland and the United Kingdom. The study integrated European waste statistical data for 2007...

  20. Women Aspiring to Administrative Positions in Kenya Municipal Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combat, Victor F. O.

    2014-01-01

    Even though female teachers in Kenya municipal primary schools are majority and highly qualified, they fill fewer administrative positions than men. This study assesses the extent of women's participation in leadership positions, society's perception of female leaders, selection criteria of educational administrators, and barriers that affect or…

  1. Norway's Day-Care Initiative: A Municipal Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemeth, Beate; Lokken, Gisle

    2012-01-01

    Norway is gearing up to provide places in day care centres for all children aged between one and six and the need for more facilities has therefore increased substantially in recent years. In Tromso, the municipality has become closely involved in child-care pedagogics and architecture; a design competition it launched has brought rewarding…

  2. Evaluation of a Stimulation Plan for municipalities in The Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wegman, F.C.M. Selm, J. van & Herweijer, M.

    1990-01-01

    The topic of this paper is the evaluation of the Stimulation Plan "Actie -25%" for municipalities in The Netherlands. The SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research was assigned to conduct the evaluation study. Two central questions were at issue: (1) Did "Actie -25%, for instance, did the extra (munic

  3. 40 CFR 62.15010 - Is my municipal waste combustion unit covered by this subpart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... least 35 tons per day of municipal solid waste or refuse-derived fuel but no more than 250 tons per day of municipal solid waste or refuse-derived fuel. (2) Your municipal waste combustion unit commenced... unit becomes subject to subpart AAAA of 40 CFR part 60 (New Source Performance Standards for...

  4. Climate protection in practice: how municipalities master their ambitious climate protection goals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper offers insights into the multifarious challenges facing municipalities in the field of municipal climate protection. It outlines typical local situations and explains the most important features of municipal climate protection: its specific goals and concepts and climate protection management and networking. It pinpoints success criteria and challenges and closes with some critical reflection.

  5. The municipal credit market in South Africa / S.J. Horn

    OpenAIRE

    Horn, Susara Jacoba

    2003-01-01

    South African municipalities today face enormous challenges. They are faced with severe infrastructure backlogs, increased service provision and deteriorating municipal finance. These services, which include water, sanitation, electricity and waste disposal are essential to the basic needs of all citizens in South Africa, and contribute greatly to local economic development. Municipalities lack the necessary revenue to supply these essential services, or the necessary infrastructu...

  6. 78 FR 35618 - Three Valleys Municipal Water District; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Three Valleys Municipal Water District; Notice of Application Accepted for.... Date filed: March 20, 2013. d. Applicant: Three Valleys Municipal Water District. e. Name of Project... applicant, Three Valleys Municipal Water District. g. Filed Pursuant to: Federal Power Act 16 U.S.C....

  7. Municipal-building conservation project: financing conservation in municipal buildings. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gatton, David; Mounts, Richard; Scrimger, Kay; Wood, Elizabeth; Musselwhite, Ron; Wanning, Helen; Frazier, Andrew; Pyles, Odessa

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this survey was to assess one dimension of the energy problem that confronts cities - energy costs for public buildings - and to see how a sample of local governments had confronted that problem. While cities of all sizes tend to have a considerable variety of buildings, most are related to the basic municipal service of administration, police and fire protection, public works, and recreation. Most of these buildings consume natural gas and electricity as their primary source of energy, sources whose price is likely to rise more rapidly than the rate of inflation in the next few years. While it is difficult to assess the reports of energy costs without comparing them to the total city budget, these costs were found to be sizable among small and medium cities, and quite large among larger cities. While several of the conservation programs in the sample dated back to 1976, almost half (14) were relatively new, having been undertaken only in the last three years. Administratively, most have been placed under the direction of budget or public works officials, and, substantively, have emphasized no-cost/low-cost measures, such as employee awareness programs and improvements in building maintenance. In keeping with this, most of the programs have been supported by reprogramming funds, supplemented with local capital improvement funds, and state and federal grants. Case studies for five localities are appended.

  8. LEAP: local environmental action plan. Municipality of Dolneni

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Municipality of Dolneni is situated in the northern part of the Pelagonia Valley, at about 600 meters above the sea level. It is surrounded on three sides (north, northeast, east and northwest) by the mountain massifs of Dautica, Babuna and Busova Planina. The assesment of the state of the environment in the Municipality of Dolneni presented in this document is based on several principles, including, before all, human health, as well as impacts from human activities on urban and natural environment, social and economic development, etc. The impacts from environmental pollution on human health in the Municipality of Dolneni are evident. Major problem is the lack of sewerage system to collect wastewater and absence of organized landfill(s) for solid waste disposal. In addition, the improper drinking water supply in most of the settlements contributes to the increased human health risk in the Municipality. The absence of urban planning has lead to developments and uncontrolled use of natural resources that cause degradation of the environment and consequently decrease in quality of living for the population. The above problems affect the quality of living conditions and human health both directly and indirectly. In recent years, incidence of epidemics of communicable hepatitis was recovered (Debreste, Desovo), and there is a concern for a high risk of appearance of intestinal and other infectious diseases. There are no indicators of the soil quality of surface running water resources with regard to pollution. In any case, on the basis of the manner of land use and specific human activities on the territory of the Municipality, as well as on the basis of the above mentioned solid waste and waste water related problems, it may be concluded that these resources are in a rather poor condition. Other aspects of determining the quality of the environment (atmosphere, noise, natural ecosystems and biodiversity in general) are not under serious human pressure at present

  9. GESTIÓN FINANCIERA Y LEGITIMIDAD MUNICIPAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmundo Hernández Claro

    2004-11-01

    ;} -->

    RESUMEN

    A partir de los abusos que las autoridades municipales han hecho de los recursos públicos a su disposición, especialmente en el rubro de remuneraciones y compensaciones, el artículo sugiere que los gobiernos municipales enfrentan um deterioro en sus niveles de legitimidad. Destacando que el caso afecta en mayor medida a los municipios metropolitanos. Se sugiere trabajar tanto en mejores medidas de fiscalización, como en los ajustes institucionales que requieren las grandes concentraciones urbanas.

    Palavras chave: Eficacia, eficiencia, gasto público, gestión, inversión municipal, legitimidad, impuesto predial, nómina, recaudación, remuneraciones, sistemas complejos

     

     

    Municipal consultants’ participation in building networks to support science teachers’ work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillasen, Martin Krabbe; Valero, Paola

    2013-01-01

    in the municipality, availability of municipal resources to support network activities, participation in strategic planning of municipal network support, and facilitation of the development of new teaching activities within schools or in collaboration between schools. These four distinctive features of municipal...... science consultants’ participation in supporting network activities enable the participants to share and develop teaching activities.......This paper focuses particularly on the role of municipal science consultants in developing and maintaining network activities and connections among primary school science teachers. The hypothesis is that consultants play a crucial role in supporting strategic planning, and sustaining contacts...

  10. Carlos Rubén Ruiz Medrano, Las sombrías aventuras del rey tlaxcalteco Juan Vicencio de Córdova y los rebeldes de Colotlán, Jalisco, 1777-1783. Episodios de la resistencia política indígena en las postrimer

    OpenAIRE

    Cunill, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    Las sombrías aventuras del rey tlaxcalteco Juan Vicencio de Córdova y los rebeldes de Colotlán, Jalisco de Carlos Rubén Ruiz Medrano se centra en la rebelión liderada por el mestizo Juan Vicencio de Córdova en las Fronteras de San Luis Colotlán a finales del siglo XVIII. Para llevar a cabo su análisis, el autor utiliza un sólido aparato crítico, al recurrir no sólo a las principales producciones historiográficas sobre el Septentrión novohispano (Gerhard, Radding, Shadow, Powell, Pacheco Rojas...

  11. Human Capital and Economic Growth by Municipalities in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matjaz Novak

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the analysis of the nature of economic growth of the Slovenian economy at the aggregate level and at the level of Slovenian municipalities for the period 1996–2002. The aggregate cross sectoral time series dataset and the regional cross-sectional time series dataset are used to econometrically test the significance of labour reallocation between sectors and municipalities on the nature of economic growth of the Slovenian economy. For this purpose we compare estimates of average and marginal stochastic frontier production functions. The estimated parameters of these two groups of production functions clearly indicate an inefficient use of human capital in the Slovenian economy during the analysed period. The uncompleted process of sectoral labour reallocation is found as the main factor that has a negative impact on the growth of total factor productivity in the Slovenian economy.

  12. Progress in converting municipal solid waste to refuse derived fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kajang generates on average, 700 tons of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) a day. The imposing need to manage the waste properly has urged the municipality to look into converting the waste into fuel. Recycle Energy Sdn Bhd (RESB) has been entrusted with the task of converting the MSW to Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF). In view of this, a pilot plant to convert MSW to RDF was erected and set into operation by RESB in January 2002. MINT has been contracted to evaluate the plant performance, flue gas, and MSW and RDF analysis. Sampling and analysis were carried in accordance with ASTM standards. Overall performance of the plant is stable and responds to the adjustments made during operations. As for the plant operating parameters, more studies is required in order to ascertain the efficiency of the dryers and the burner. Monitoring of emissions is also needed. (Author)

  13. Municipal and Cantonal Elections in France in 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Communication from the Department of Human Resources and from the Relations with the Host States Service 1 - Members of the personnel wishing to stand as candidates in municipal and cantonal elections in France in 2008 are reminded of their obligation to comply with the provisions of Chapter I, section 3, Conduct, of the Organization’s Staff Rules and Regulations and with the pertinent implementation texts. 2 - Members of the personnel wishing to stand as candidates in municipal elections must first notify the Director-General in writing. 3 - Members of the personnel wishing to engage in political activities must refrain from any act or activity that is incompatible with their functions or which could be materially or morally prejudicial to the Organization. 4 - In particular, standing as a candidate for the post of, and serving a term of office as, a town councillor are considered to be compatible with the status of member of the personnel. However, the functions of mayo...

  14. Municipal Waste Disposal by High Temperature Smelting Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Zong-bin; ZHANG Chun-xia; ZHANG You-ping; LIU Kun

    2004-01-01

    Municipal waste disposal system by high temperature smelting has the following characteristics: ① The smelting temperature is as high as 1 700-1 800 ℃; ② The dioxin is hardly produced; ③ The secondary pollution can be avoided because of the absence of heavy metals in the flux; ④ The metals and flux after disposal can be reused for construction materials. If outdated, the idle or discarded medium and small blast furnaces can be reconstructed into a waste resource system with high temperature smelting technique, and it is possible to make full use of their existing functions to reduce the investment and exploit their social function of environmental protection. In addition, a new waste disposal system with high temperature smelting was designed based on the recycling municipal waste technology abroad.

  15. Sustainable urbanization: energy and environment in the Chongqing Municipality, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Bai-zhan; LIU Meng; YAO Run-ming; Koen Steermers

    2005-01-01

    Chongqing is the largest municipality under the Chinese Central Government (MCG) in terms of administrative area and population and is now the most important economic and cultural center of the upper Yangtze River and Three Gorges area. The Three Gorges Dam project, one of the largest world infrastructure projects, causes a great deal of immigration to Chongqing and results in the rapid urbanization of the city, and it has brought in a great deal of environmental impact, which is a global concerned issue. This paper introduces the city profile of Chongqing municipality and its urbanization impact on energy and environment. The demand and the trend of energy consumption in built environment (building and transport) have been analysed. The living environment of Chongqing residents and the local energy efficient policy have been introduced. Finally the authors discuss the key issues of the sustainable urban development of Chongqing.

  16. Between Office and Motherhood: Municipal Authorities in Oaxaca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Vázquez García

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In México, women's participation in municipal politics faces, among other difficulties, that of reconciling domestic and public responsibilities. Drawing on research conducted with eighteen female mayors of Oaxaca, this paper analyzes the ways in which women perceive the relationship between motherhood, double burden (child raising and domestic work and their presidential position. All the women who have ruled a Custom and Practice municipality in Oaxaca since 1996 were interviewed. Two main conclusions are drawn from the analysis. First, the relationship between motherhood and presidential position varies according to women's marital status; the age of their children; and their chances of hiring domestic help. Second, even if women assume a public position of prestige and responsibility, they continue to perform domestic duties; household chores do not get redistributed among its members.

  17. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis, Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Fei-Baffoe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The rapid increase in urban population due to the influx of the citizenry in search for better conditions of life has resulted in poor environmental conditions in most urban and peri-urban settlements in the country. Municipal solid waste management (MSW for that matter has become problematic within Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis as the city is being inundated with so much filth which has proven to be very difficult and seemingly impossible for the municipal authorities to tackle. This study investigates the nature of solid waste problem in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis. A mixed methodological approach including field investigation, questionnaire survey, and structured and face-to-face interviews were employed in the gathering of data for the study. The key findings established to be the factors affecting effective solid waste management in the metropolis are irregular solid waste collection, inadequate operational funding, inappropriate technologies, inadequate staffing, inadequate skip, and lack of cooperation on the part of the citizenry.

  18. ESCO as Innovative Facilities Management in Danish Municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Oesten, Pimmie; Balslev Nielsen, Susanne

     Purpose:  Increasing energy efficiency of existing buildings is high on the Facility Management (FM) agenda, therefore building owners and FM Managers need insight into a variety of organizational possibilities for energy renovation projects. This paper explores how ESCO can foster innovative...... changes in the municipal FM-function, including dissemination of their ESCO-competence to local building owners. Theory:  Theory of Public Innovation is used to see the new roles of local authorities in promoting energy renovations to building owners with a relatively limited FM-competence. Design...... cases encourages municipalities to take innovative steps in disseminating ESCO to other areas, and thus overcoming barriers for using ESCO in the private housing sector. Originality/value: This paper adds to FM-research on how to make the existing building stock more attractive and energy efficient...

  19. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Phuntsholing City, Bhutan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norbu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Municipal solid waste problem is a major concern in major cities in Bhutan. Despite the lack of reliable data on both waste composition and quantity, no studies have been conducted to identify problems and alternatives to improve the current system. The study objectives are: 1 to determine solid waste composition and generation rate; and 2 to investigate current solid waste management system. Six waste samples were selected in Phuntsholing city from three designated collection spots and from three collection vehicles and analyzed for their composition. Waste generation rate was computed from waste collected by collection vehicles. The investigation was carried out through interviews with municipal authorities, existing document reviews, and field observations. The organic fraction of solid waste composition comprised about 71 percent. The waste generation rate was estimated to 0.40 kg/capita.day. The current management system is inefficient, and recommendations are given to improve the current situation.

  1. Removal of triclocarban and triclosan during municipal biosolid production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogunyoku, Temitope A; Young, Thomas M

    2014-03-01

    The antimicrobial compounds triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) accumulate in sludges produced during municipal wastewater treatment and persist through sludge treatment processes into finished biosolids. The objective of this research was to determine the extent to which conventional sludge processing systems such as aerobic digestion, anaerobic digestion, and lime stabilization were able to remove TCC and TCS. The concentrations of TCC and TCS in sludge and biosolid samples were determined via heated solvent extraction and analysis with liquid chromatography electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The removal of TCC and TCS in municipal biosolid processing systems was determined from the measured concentration change after correcting for reductions in solid mass during sludge treatment. Removal in the digester systems ranged from 15 to 68% for TCC and 20 to 75% for TCS. Increased solid retention times during sludge treatment operations were correlated with higher removals of TCC and TCS. PMID:24734467

  2. An experimental method for designing the municipal solid waste biodrying

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the management of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), in agreement with the new European directives concerning the valorization of materials and energy recovery, a recent approach based on a one-stream Biological Mechanical Treatment (BMT) is spreading as an alternative to the traditional two-stream approach. The bio-mechanical treatment of MSW is an increasing option either as a pre-treatment before land filling or as a pre-treatment before combustion. In the present paper an experimental method for designing the Municipal Solid Waste bio-drying is proposed. That means this paper deals with the option of energy recovery. The aim is to provide design criteria for bio-drying plants independent from the patents available in the sector

  3. Biodrying for municipal solid waste: volume and weight reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilgin, Melayib; Tulun, Şevket

    2015-01-01

    Biodrying is a variation of aerobic decomposition used for the mechanical-biological treatment organic substances to dry and partially stabilize residual municipal waste. This study focuses on the volume and weight reduction biodegradation of the biodrying process using municipal solid waste and the appearance of a stable, final product. The materials were placed in a reactor with invariant airflow rates of 50 L/h and initial moisture contents of 48.49-50.00%. The laboratory-scale experiments were implemented using a 36-L biodrying reactor equipped with an air supply system, a biomass temperature sensor and air sensors. To determine the effect of temperature on biodrying, the process was repeated at various temperatures between 30 °C and 50 °C. The results obtained indicated that after 13 days, biodrying reduced the volume content of waste by 32% and the final product had a high calorific value (4680 kcal/kg). PMID:25571768

  4. The impact of municipal waste combustion in small heat sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vantúch, Martin; Kaduchová, Katarína; Lenhard, Richard

    2016-06-01

    At present there is a tendency to make greater use for heating houses for burning solid fuel, such as pieces of wood, coal, coke, local sources of heat to burn natural gas. This tendency is given both the high price of natural gas as well as the availability of cheaper solid fuel. In many cases, in the context saving heating costs, respectively in the context of the disposal of waste is co-incinerated with municipal solid fuels and wastes of different composition. This co entails increased production emissions such as CO (carbon monoxide), NOx (nitrogen oxides), particulate matter (particulate matter), PM10, HCl (hydrogen chloride), PCDD/F (polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans), PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) and others. The experiment was focused on the emission factors from the combustion of fossil fuels in combination with municipal waste in conventional boilers designed to burn solid fuel.

  5. Communities of microalgae and bacteria in photobioreactors treating municipal wastewater

    OpenAIRE

    Krustok, Ivo

    2015-01-01

    Everyone who uses water produces wastewater. This inevitability creates several problems that increase with the growth of the population and industry. What to do with the wastewater, how to purify it and how to design the infrastructure are all important questions that each municipality has to deal with, taking into account ever growing demands to reduce environmental impact. In these conditions scientists and engineers have turned to biological processes to help treat the water. Currently th...

  6. Municipal resilience: A paradigm shift in emergency and continuity management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solecki, Greg; Luchia, Mike

    More than a decade of emergency and continuity management vision was instrumental in providing the unprecedented level of response and recovery from the great flood of 2013. Earlier assessments, planning and validation promulgated development of corporate continuity, emergency and contingency plans along with tactical, strategic and recovery operations centres that all led to a reliable emergency management model that will continue to provide the backbone for municipal resilience. PMID:26642170

  7. The formation and development of social infrastructure of municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Евсеева, Ольга Алексеевна

    2016-01-01

    Management of the development of municipalities is considered in the context of the management of development processes of the appropriate territorial system. This management takes into account the multi-level development of the system and the vectors of interests of the members of the local community. The author identifies important aspects of foreign experience, which may find successful application in practice of the Ukrainian program management by the development of social infrastructure ...

  8. Municipal solid waste ash as a cement raw material substitute

    OpenAIRE

    Somnuk Tangtermsirikul; Pichaya Rachdawong; Kritsada Sisomphon

    2000-01-01

    An investigation of using municipal solid waste (MSW) ash as a cement raw material substitute was performed to evaluate the potential use of ash in construction. The use of incineratior ash in cement production would not only get rid of the ash, but also alleviate many environmental problems, for example, reducing raw materials required for cement production, reducing CO2 emission into the atmosphere, and reducing landfill space requirement for the residue ash disposal. The metallic oxide con...

  9. Electricity production from municipal solid waste using microbial fuel cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, H Y; Pai, T Y; Liu, M H; Chang, C A; Lo, F C; Chang, T C; Lo, H M; Chiang, C F; Chao, K P; Lo, W Y; Lo, S W; Chu, Y L

    2016-07-01

    The organic content of municipal solid waste has long been an attractive source of renewable energy, mainly as a solid fuel in waste-to-energy plants. This study focuses on the potential to use microbial fuel cells to convert municipal solid waste organics into energy using various operational conditions. The results showed that two-chamber microbial fuel cells with carbon felt and carbon felt allocation had a higher maximal power density (20.12 and 30.47 mW m(-2) for 1.5 and 4 L, respectively) than those of other electrode plate allocations. Most two-chamber microbial fuel cells (1.5 and 4 L) had a higher maximal power density than single-chamber ones with corresponding electrode plate allocations. Municipal solid waste with alkali hydrolysis pre-treatment and K3Fe(CN)6 as an electron acceptor improved the maximal power density to 1817.88 mW m(-2) (~0.49% coulomb efficiency, from 0.05-0.49%). The maximal power density from experiments using individual 1.5 and 4 L two-chamber microbial fuel cells, and serial and parallel connections of 1.5 and 4 L two-chamber microbial fuel cells, was found to be in the order of individual 4 L (30.47 mW m(-2)) > serial connection of 1.5 and 4 L (27.75) > individual 1.5 L (20.12) > parallel connection of 1.5 and 4 L (17.04) two-chamber microbial fuel cells . The power density using municipal solid waste microbial fuel cells was compared with information in the literature and discussed.

  10. Crossing the threshold: municipal waste policy and household waste generation

    OpenAIRE

    Bulkeley, H.; Gregson, N.

    2009-01-01

    This paper connects research on home-based consumption with research on waste policy and governance. We argue that, in order to meet the enhanced goals of waste reduction specified in Waste Strategy for England 2007, UK municipal waste policy needs a far closer engagement with the household, the primary unit of consumption. Opening-up the ‘black box’ of the household, we show why the potential for achieving enhanced rates of materials diversion through recycling is limited in certain neighbou...

  11. Parental expectations of the Swedish municipal school of arts

    OpenAIRE

    Lilliedahl, Jonathan; Georgii-Hemming, Eva

    2009-01-01

    This article draws on a study designed to analyse parental expectations of the Swedish municipal school of arts (hereafter MSA) (in Swedish: kommunal musik- och kulturskola). The study is based on in-depth interviews conducted and informed by grounded theory. Although parental expectations are scarcely uniform, the study reveals a hope that the whole child will be nurtured, both musically and socially. It also transpires that parental expectations vary according to the activities offered by t...

  12. Municipal solid waste management system: decision support through systems analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Ana Lúcia Lourenço

    2010-01-01

    The present study intends to show the development of systems analysis model applied to solid waste management system, applied into AMARSUL, a solid waste management system responsible for the management of municipal solid waste produced in Setúbal peninsula, Portugal. The model developed intended to promote sustainable decision making, covering the four columns: technical, environmental, economic and social aspects. To develop the model an intensive literature review have been conducted. T...

  13. Performance evaluation of Portuguese constructed wetlands for municipal wastewater treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte, António A. L. Sampaio; Seco, Teresa Canais; Peres, José A.; Bentes, Isabel; Pinto, Jorge

    2010-01-01

    Constructed wetlands have been used as a technology appropriate for the treatment of municipal or domestic wastewater in some villages in Portugal. Most of constructed wetlands present a low cost (installation and maintenance), low energy requirements and technical skills of operators, environment friendly landscape, and good efficiency and reduced production of sludge. In a situation where is a need of appropriate wastewater treatment from a large number of rural villages, it is appropria...

  14. DIAGNOSIS OF AQUACULTURE IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF ALVARADO VERACRUZ, MEXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Lenin Rangel-López; Fabiola Lango-Reynoso; Alberto Asian-Hoyos; María del Refugio Castañeda-Chávez

    2014-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the current situation of aquaculture farms in the Municipality of Alvarado, Veracruz, Mexico. During this study, 29 interviews were conducted aimed to the units of aquaculture producers; 24 variables were analyzed within the aspects of the socio-economic, technical, marketing and legal framework. The most relevant results within the legal framework: 21% of units has “National Registration of Fisheries and Aquaculture” (RNPyA) and 7% has “Federal Taxpayer Register...

  15. Financial compensation due to municipalities that host radioactive waste deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work aims to perform calculation about the financial compensation due to municipalities where there is viability for construction of radioactive waste deposits from low and medium activity. Were used like base structure de Resolution No. 96 of August, 10, 2010, entitled 'Model of Calculation For Financial Compensation to Municipalities' where are determinate those principal characteristics by the waste and deposits, such as the half-life, activity level, type of deposits (initial, intermediate or final), costs for construction and maintenance of deposits, demography, between others. The calculation was made according to the temporally or definitive storage for solids waste like personal protection equipment (gloves, shoes, masks, etc) resins and filters used in wastewater treatment, between others, from of nuclear and radioactivity facilities. There are presented some countries that do the compensation, financial or not, for some municipalities for the construction of waste deposits and in some cases, the way that occurred the negotiation between the stake holders, in other words, the local population and the companies. Also are presented others forms of financial compensation in Brazil in consequence of activities in large scale which result in potential risk for the surrounding population and for the environment, like compensation for oil and natural gas, hydropower plants and mining. Were used on methodology the inventory of waste presented on RMBN project (Repository of Waste of Low and Medium Activity) developed by the CDTN which present the implementation of a repository for final storage to radioactive waste. With this was possible to develop a case study with the creation of four scenarios. Values were found which initially range from R$2,6 thousand to R$79,8 thousand for month. Finally are analyzed the possible influences which that values may have on the municipality budget revenue and some divergent points about the resolution. (author)

  16. Plasma Gasification of Municipal Solid Waste: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Kartik Gonawala

    2014-01-01

    Utilization of plasma gasification in waste to energy is one of the novel applications meeting todays need for waste disposal. In this application, plasma arc, gasifies the carbon based part of waste materials such as municipal solid waste, sludge, agricultural waste, etc. and generating a synthetic gas which can be used to produce energy through engine generators, gas turbines and boilers. The non-carbon based part of the waste materials can be vitrified into glass and reusab...

  17. Concurrent combustion of biomass and municipal solid waste

    OpenAIRE

    Laryea-Goldsmith, Rene

    2010-01-01

    This PhD research project is primarily an investigation of the gaseous pollutant emissions arising from concurrent combustion of biomass and municipal solid wastes materials, using a fluidized bed combustor. Of the wide range of biomass energy resources available, dried distillers’ grains with solubles and wheat straw were chosen as two example agricultural by-products of the human food supply chain. To consider an integrated waste management programme, a residual waste resource from a mat...

  18. Municipal solid waste disposal by using metallurgical technologies and equipments

    OpenAIRE

    Jiuju Cai, Wenqiang Sun

    2012-01-01

    Pyrolysis of municipal solid waste can take full advantage of energy and resource and avoid producing hazardous material during this period. In combination with mature metallurgical technologies of coking by coke oven, regenerative flame furnace technology and melting by electric arc furnace, technologies of regenerative fixed bed pyrolysis technology for household waste, co-coking technology for waste plastic and blend coal, and incineration ash melting technology by electric arc technology ...

  19. Municipal Solid Waste Management from a Systems Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksson, Ola; Carlsson Reich, M.; Frostell, Björn; Björklund, Anna; Assefa, Getachew; Sundqvist, J-O; Granath, J; Baky, A; Thyselius, L

    2005-01-01

    Different waste treatment options for municipal solid waste have been studied in a systems analysis. Different combinations of incineration, materials recycling of separated plastic and cardboard containers, and biological treatment (anaerobic digestion and composting) of biodegradable waste, were studied and compared to landfilling. The evaluation covered use of energy resources, environmental impact and financial and environmental costs. In the study, a calculation model ( ) based on method...

  20. Electricity production from municipal solid waste using microbial fuel cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, H Y; Pai, T Y; Liu, M H; Chang, C A; Lo, F C; Chang, T C; Lo, H M; Chiang, C F; Chao, K P; Lo, W Y; Lo, S W; Chu, Y L

    2016-07-01

    The organic content of municipal solid waste has long been an attractive source of renewable energy, mainly as a solid fuel in waste-to-energy plants. This study focuses on the potential to use microbial fuel cells to convert municipal solid waste organics into energy using various operational conditions. The results showed that two-chamber microbial fuel cells with carbon felt and carbon felt allocation had a higher maximal power density (20.12 and 30.47 mW m(-2) for 1.5 and 4 L, respectively) than those of other electrode plate allocations. Most two-chamber microbial fuel cells (1.5 and 4 L) had a higher maximal power density than single-chamber ones with corresponding electrode plate allocations. Municipal solid waste with alkali hydrolysis pre-treatment and K3Fe(CN)6 as an electron acceptor improved the maximal power density to 1817.88 mW m(-2) (~0.49% coulomb efficiency, from 0.05-0.49%). The maximal power density from experiments using individual 1.5 and 4 L two-chamber microbial fuel cells, and serial and parallel connections of 1.5 and 4 L two-chamber microbial fuel cells, was found to be in the order of individual 4 L (30.47 mW m(-2)) > serial connection of 1.5 and 4 L (27.75) > individual 1.5 L (20.12) > parallel connection of 1.5 and 4 L (17.04) two-chamber microbial fuel cells . The power density using municipal solid waste microbial fuel cells was compared with information in the literature and discussed. PMID:27231132

  1. MEXICO CITY'S MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE CHARACTERISTICS AND COMPOSITION ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Alfonso DURÁN MORENO; Manuel GARCÉS RODRÍGUEZ; Adriana Rocío VELASCO; Juan Carlos MARÍN ENRIQUEZ; Rafaela GUTIÉRREZ LARA; Abril MORENO GUTIÉRREZ; Norma Angélica DELGADILLO HERNÁNDEZ

    2013-01-01

    Mexico City generates approximately 12 500 000 kg of municipal solid wastes (MSW) a day. Nowadays, waste management of the refuse material is of high concern since the local landfill has reached its limit capacity and its closure is imminent, thereby alternative disposal methods must be evaluated. The objective of this paper is to analyze the composition of MSW produced in Mexico City through a sampling campaign. In comparison to previous official reports of Mexico Citys MSW characterization,...

  2. Governance challenges by participatory budget in the Italian municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Salvatore Russo

    2013-01-01

    The paper explores the phenomenon of participative budget (PB) in Italy, inspired by insights and reflections on public governance, participation and inclusion of citizens in the local authority expenditure decisions. It illustrates and discusses the survey results of a sample of municipalities that, since some years, use the PB as an approach to program resource allocation. In particular it focuses on the characteristics of the context in which PB has encountered practical implementation, th...

  3. Urban Development on Municipal Solid Waste Management in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Nasrin, Syeda Tanjima

    2014-01-01

    Urban environment is a major global concern especially where the pollution isincreasing due to rapid growth of population along with less development of physicalinfrastructure. Municipal solid waste management (SWM) is now being considered asone of the most immediate and serious environmental issue for rapid increasing anddensely populated cities of least developing countries, unfortunately a large portion ofurban areas has no service for solid waste disposal. But globally, the amount of MSWh...

  4. Utilisation of sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plant

    OpenAIRE

    Vesel, Nejc

    2011-01-01

    In this diploma I will present the possibilities of using sewage sludge from municipal wastewater treatmentplant. The initial part of the diploma are the official documents and various literature to describe what should be the future application of this type of waste and uses. The following thesis has described some common options of sewage sludge, and products that can be extracted from the sewage sludge. In addition I described restrictions on the parameters of sludge from wastewater tr...

  5. Municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    A.Z.A. SAIFULLAH; Md. Tasbirul Islam

    2016-01-01

    Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh, with the highest population density (129,501 people/square km) in the world. Municipal solid waste (MSW) generation in the city is 4634.52 tons/day. This study aims to explore current MSW management scenario which is found one of the most underestimated sectors of Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) – the responsible authority for MSW management. Overall operational and collection efficiency of DCC MSW management is 45% and 60%, respectively. Vehicle fleet...

  6. How technology affects project management : A study within Swedish municipalities

    OpenAIRE

    Lundin, Jakob; Lund, Adam

    2016-01-01

    Background  Technology can be of great support for project managers when managing projects, but most empirical research on technological effects in project management has focused on the private sector which have led to that public sector project management is viewed as one of the largest gaps in project management literature.    Purpose  Investigate and describe the main challenges of Swedish municipal project managers’ work with project management and to what extent they incorporate technolo...

  7. Financial compensation owed to municipalities that host radioactive waste disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work aims to perform calculation about the financial compensation due to municipalities with viability for construction of radioactive waste deposits fro, low and medium activity. It was used as methodology the frameweork of normative act in the Resolution n. 96, August 10th, 2010. ('Model of Calculation for Financial Compensation due to Municipalities') where there are establidhed the parameters for the wastes, the facilities and the deployment sites. The calculation was made according with interim storage or definitive disposal of solid wastes, e.e. personal protection equipment (gloves, shoes, masks etc) resins and filters used in waste water treatment from nuclear and radioactivity facilities. SOme examples of countries in which compensation, financial or not, was practiced in favor of municipalities due to construction of waste deposits were sown and in some cases, the way that occurred the negotiation bweween the stakeholders. Were also presented other forms of financial compensation in Brazil due to large-scale industrial activities that result in potential risk for the surrounding population and environment, as oil and natural gas, hydropower plants and mining. Were used the waste inventory designed by RMBN project (Waste Repository of Low and Medium Activity) developed in CDTN (2009) which presents the implementation of a repository for disposal of radioactive waste. Based on these data it was possible to develop a case study, establishing four scenarios for initial/interim storage and final disposal of wastes. The results reached monthly values that ranged from 2,6 to 79,8 thousand Brazilian Reais, from which it was performed a critical analysis of the range of parameters and the apportionment of the amount due. Likewise, these values were compared with the budget revenues of some previously selected municipalities and were examined divergent points in the normative act as well. (author)

  8. BIOREMEDIATION OF INDUSTRIAL AND MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER USING BACTERIAL ISOLATES

    OpenAIRE

    P.Priya darshini*, J.Sharpudin

    2016-01-01

    Bioremediation is a treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down hazardous substances into less toxic or non toxic substances. The microbes are effective in control of pollution due to waste water. The industrial and municipal waste water is analyzed for different Physico-Chemical parameters such as pH, Temperature, TDS, BOD, COD, Total Alkalinity, Chlorides. The collected waste water samples were serially diluted and pour plated on Nutrient Agar medium and incubated at 37˚...

  9. Biodegradability of leachates from Chinese and German municipal solid waste*

    OpenAIRE

    Selic, E.; Wang, Chi; Boes, N.; Herbell, J.D.

    2006-01-01

    The quantitative and qualitative composition of Chinese municipal solid waste (MSW) differs significantly from German waste. The focus of this paper is on whether these differences also lead to dissimilar qualities of leachates during storage or landfilling. Leachates ingredients determine the appropriate treatment technique. MSW compositions of the two cities Guilin (China) and Essen (Germany), each with approx. 600 000 inhabitants, are used to simulate Chinese and German MSW types. A sequen...

  10. Marketing Communications in Public Administration : Case: Municipal IT Unit

    OpenAIRE

    Teräväinen, Terhi

    2011-01-01

    Marketing communications is traditionally associated with the private sector and commercial activities, but the term is nowadays also widely used in public sector contexts. In this thesis marketing communications is analysed from a public administration point of view. The empirical part deals with marketing communications executed by the Municipal IT Unit of the Ministry of Finance. The objective is to find out what is considered important when it comes to planning and implementing market...

  11. Optimum municipal wastewater treatment plant design with consideration of uncertainty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Guang-ming; LIN Yu-peng; QIN Xiao-sheng; HUANG Guo-he; LI Jian-bing; JIANG Ru

    2004-01-01

    A newly developed model for the optimum municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWTP) design is presented. Through introducing the interval variables, the model attempts to consider the effects of uncertainties caused by the fluctuation of the wastewater quality and quantity during the design of MWTP. The model solution procedure is illustrated in detail, and a numerical example is given to verify the feasibility and advantage of the model. Furthermore, the possibility of the model application is briefly outlined.

  12. Credit Enhancements and the Romanian Municipal Bond Market

    OpenAIRE

    Cornelia POP; Maria-Andrada GEORGESCU

    2016-01-01

    Under the combined pressure of increased urbanization, fiscal adjustments and decentralization, central governments were pushed towards accepting the idea of local government accessing the private finance sources for their public infrastructure and service development investments. While the importance of borrowing increases for local developments, the main challenge many small municipalities have to face is the difficulty to access private financing sources. One obstacle is related to the cre...

  13. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Grahamstown, Republic of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Etengeneng, Dickson

    2012-01-01

    The studies investigate ways to improve the sanitation system of Grahamstown. It analyses public opinions and the underlying factors impacting effective solid waste management. The research methods used in the studies were: a structured questionnaire with closed ended questions, a review of published materials, informal interviews and physical observations. The following key findings were identified as factors affecting solid waste management in the municipality: poor methods of waste disposa...

  14. MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE CHARACTERISTICS AND MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    T. Ch. Ogwueleka

    2009-01-01

    Municipal solid waste management has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing environmental protection agencies in developing countries. This study presents the current solid waste management practices and problems in Nigeria. Solid waste management is characterized by inefficient collection methods, insufficient coverage of the collection system and improper disposal. The waste density ranged from 280 to 370 kg/m3 and the waste generation rates ranged from 0.44 to 0.66 kg/capita/day....

  15. Enumeration of Organohalide Respirers in Municipal Wastewater Anaerobic Digesters

    OpenAIRE

    Bryan J.K. Smith; Boothe, Melissa A; Brice A. Fiddler; Tania M. Lozano; Russel K. Rahi; Krzmarzick, Mark J

    2015-01-01

    Organohalide contaminants such as triclosan and triclocarban have been well documented in municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), but the degradation of these contaminants is not well understood. One possible removal mechanism is organohalide respiration by which bacteria reduce the halogenated compound. The purpose of this study was to determine the abundance of organohalide-respiring bacteria in eight WWTP anaerobic digesters. The obligate organohalide respiring Dehalococcoides mccar...

  16. THE EMISSION POTENTIAL FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILL IN JORDAN

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Aljaradin; Kenneth M. Persson

    2016-01-01

    A comprehensive study was conducted to monitor the emission potential from solid waste landfilled in Jordan over a period of 292 days using an anaerobic lysimeter. A 30 kg waste sample reflecting the typical municipal solid waste (MSW) streams generated in Jordan was used to simulate the influence of climate on the emission potential of landfills located in semi-arid areas. The experimental results demonstrated that a significant amount of leachate and landfill gas was produced. The methane c...

  17. Innovation through Collaboration in the School System in Gentofte Municipality

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Laia

    2013-01-01

    In the last years innovation has acquired popularity in most Western countries as a way to cope with economic and societal challenges. Citizens around the world are tired of public cuts in welfare and are pressing politicians and administrations to find new ways of solving problems. In this context innovation seems to be a plausible alternative to public cuts, redundancies or unsatisfied employees. This master thesis is initiated by the proliferation of innovation in the Danish municipalities...

  18. Quality of composts from municipal biodegradable waste of different origins

    OpenAIRE

    Zdanevitch, Isabelle; Bour, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    Mechanical biological treatment of municipal solid waste is increasing rapidly inaFrance as well as in other European countries. One of the outputs of this treatment is a compost prepared from the organic matter of the waste. This organic matter can be either collected selectively from the customers as biowaste, or separated from the total MSW in the plant. Unlike in Germany or Austria, where only the compost from selective collection of biowaste is allowed to serve as an amendment, in France...

  19. On Diffused Pollution Effect of Chemical Fertilizers in Chongqing Municipality

    OpenAIRE

    GU, Limeng; YU, Lianchao; Bi, Qian

    2015-01-01

    Improper use of chemical fertilizers is an essential reason for diffused pollution of agriculture. Therefore, finding out influence factors of farmers in application of chemical fertilizers will play a significant role in controlling the diffused pollution of agriculture. Through field survey, a total of 340 samples in 4 counties of Chongqing Municipality were obtained. On the basis of these samples, an empirical study was carried out. The study results indicate that farmers’ application of...

  20. Municipal solid waste to energy plants - the best technical options

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After years of stagnation the municipal solid waste to energy plants is reaffirming as a valid disposal solution. The sell of the electric energy produced at an economically rewarding value and the last regulations on flue gas emissions have strongly influenced the technological development. The article proposes a plant scheme considered complete and optimal and in particular illustrates the options that inspired it and the related justifications

  1. Data preparation for municipal virtual assistant using machine learning

    OpenAIRE

    Jovan, Leon Noe

    2016-01-01

    The main goal of this master’s thesis was to develop a procedure that will automate the construction of the knowledge base for a virtual assistant that answers questions about municipalities in Slovenia. The aim of the procedure is to replace or facilitate manual preparation of the virtual assistant's knowledge base. Theoretical backgrounds of different machine learning fields, such as multilabel classification, text mining and learning from weakly labeled data were examined to gain a better ...

  2. Agricultural use of treated municipal wastewaters preserving environmental sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Rubino

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the utility of the treated municipal wastewaters in agriculture, analyzing the chemical, physical and microbiological characteristics and their pollution indicators evaluation are being illustrated. Some methods employed for treating wastewaters are examined, as well as instructions and rules actually in force in different countries of the world, for evaluating the legislative hygienic and sanitary and agronomic problems connected with the treated wastewaters use, are being collected and compared. Successively, in order to provide useful indications for the use of treated municipal wastewaters, results of long-term field researches, carried out in Puglia, regarding two types of waters (treated municipal wastewater and conventional water and two irrigation methods (drip and capillary sub-irrigation on vegetable crops grown in succession, are being reported. For each crop cycle, chemical physical and microbiological analyses have been performed on irrigation water, soil and crop samples. The results evidenced that although irrigating with waters having high colimetric values, higher than those indicated by law and with two different irrigation methods, never soil and marketable yield pollutions have been observed. Moreover, the probability to take infection and/or disease for ingestion of fruits coming from crops irrigated with treated wastewaters, calculated by Beta-Poisson method, resulted negligible and equal to 1 person for 100 millions of exposed people. Concentrations of heavy metals in soil and crops were lesser than those admissible by law. The free chlorine, coming from disinfection, found in the wastewaters used for watering, in some cases caused toxicity effects, which determined significant yield decreases. Therefore, municipal wastewaters, if well treated, can be used for irrigation representing a valid alternative to the conventional ones.

  3. Improved Denitrification of Municipal Sludge in Biofilm-electrode Reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Le-hua; JIA Jin-ping; WANG Ya-lin; YANG Ji

    2004-01-01

    The denitrification of municipal sludge was improved by combining biofilm process with the electrochemical effect in a single novel reactor. Experiments in this reactor[electric current 60 mA, hydraulic retention time (HRTs) 6.0 h] showed that the removal of CODCr, ammonia nitrogen and total nitrogen in the biofilm-electrode reactor were 2.5%, 1.2%, 14.9%, respectively, higher than those in a traditional biofilm reactor.

  4. Neurological symptoms and syndromes in municipal transport drivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halina Sińczuk-Walczak

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The way the municipal transport drivers perform their job contributes to varied burdens linked with the body posture at work, stress, shift work, vibration, noise and exposure to chemical agents. The aim of the study was to assess the condition of the nervous system (NS in municipal transport drivers. Material and Methods: The study covered 42 men, aged 43.4 years (standard deviation (SD: 8.3, employed as bus drivers in the municipal transport enterprise. The duration of employment was 11.8 years on average (SD: 8.6. The condition of the nervous system was assessed on the basis of clinical neurological examinations. Results: Chronic lumbosacral syndrome was found in 54.8% of the subjects. A significant relationship between the incidence of lumbosacral syndrome and the duration of employment (p = 0.032 was observed; significantly higher in drivers employed for 11–15 years (90.9% in comparison to the remaining groups. Nervous system functional disorders were niejedcharacterized by the increased emotional irritability (47.6%, sleep disorders manifested by excessive sleepiness (33.3% or insomnia (28.6% and headaches (3%, mostly tension headaches. Excessive daytime sleepiness was significantly age-dependent (p = 0.038. Conclusions: The evidenced NS disorders indicate the need to undertake preventive measures tailored for the occupational group of bus drivers. Med Pr 2015;66(3:333–341

  5. Municipal mortality due to thyroid cancer in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez-Barroso Diana

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Thyroid cancer is a tumor with a low but growing incidence in Spain. This study sought to depict its spatial municipal mortality pattern, using the classic model proposed by Besag, York and Mollié. Methods It was possible to compile and ascertain the posterior distribution of relative risk on the basis of a single Bayesian spatial model covering all of Spain's 8077 municipal areas. Maps were plotted depicting standardized mortality ratios, smoothed relative risk (RR estimates, and the posterior probability that RR > 1. Results From 1989 to 1998 a total of 2,538 thyroid cancer deaths were registered in 1,041 municipalities. The highest relative risks were mostly situated in the Canary Islands, the province of Lugo, the east of La Coruña (Corunna and western areas of Asturias and Orense. Conclusion The observed mortality pattern coincides with areas in Spain where goiter has been declared endemic. The higher frequency in these same areas of undifferentiated, more aggressive carcinomas could be reflected in the mortality figures. Other unknown genetic or environmental factors could also play a role in the etiology of this tumor.

  6. Municipal distribution of ovarian cancer mortality in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidal Enrique

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Spain was the country that registered the greatest increases in ovarian cancer mortality in Europe. This study describes the municipal distribution of ovarian cancer mortality in Spain using spatial models for small-area analysis. Methods Smoothed relative risks of ovarian cancer mortality were obtained, using the Besag, York and Molliè autoregressive spatial model. Standardised mortality ratios, smoothed relative risks, and distribution of the posterior probability of relative risks being greater than 1 were depicted on municipal maps. Results During the study period (1989–1998, 13,869 ovarian cancer deaths were registered in 2,718 Spanish towns, accounting for 4% of all cancer-related deaths among women. The highest relative risks were mainly concentrated in three areas, i.e., the interior of Barcelona and Gerona (north-east Spain, the north of Lugo and Asturias (north-west Spain and along the Seville-Huelva boundary (in the south-west. Eivissa (Balearic Islands and El Hierro (Canary Islands also registered increased risks. Conclusion Well established ovarian cancer risk factors might not contribute significantly to the municipal distribution of ovarian cancer mortality. Environmental and occupational exposures possibly linked to this pattern and prevalent in specific regions, are discussed in this paper. Small-area geographical studies are effective instruments for detecting risk areas that may otherwise remain concealed on a more reduced scale.

  7. Stability of alumina, ceria, and silica nanoparticles in municipal wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otero-González, Lila; Barbero, Isabel; Field, Jim A; Shadman, Farhang; Sierra-Alvarez, Reyes

    2014-01-01

    Inorganic oxide nanoparticles (NPs) are used in semiconductor manufacturing operations such as wafer chemical-mechanical planarization (CMP). Understanding the stability of NPs in municipal wastewater is essential for the evaluation of the fate of NPs released to municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). This study aimed to evaluate the stability of Al(2)O(3), CeO(2), and SiO(2) NPs and CMP waste effluents containing these NPs in municipal wastewater. Al(2)O(3) and CeO(2) NPs were destabilized by wastewater constituents, as indicated by the formation of large agglomerates. However, the same NPs in the CMP waste slurries showed high stability in wastewater, probably due to additives present in the slurry that modify the surface chemistry of the particles. Likewise, both the commercial SiO(2) NPs and the CMP waste slurry containing SiO(2) NPs showed substantial stability in wastewater since this NP has a very low point of zero charge, which suggests that this NP could be the hardest one to remove in conventional WWTPs by aggregation-sedimentation. In summary, the results indicate that wastewater may destabilize NPs suspensions, which would facilitate NP removal in WWTPs. However, some chemicals present in real CMP slurries may counterbalance this effect. More research is needed to completely understand the surface chemistry involved.

  8. Sustainable recycling of municipal solid waste in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troschinetz, Alexis M; Mihelcic, James R

    2009-02-01

    This research focuses on recycling in developing countries as one form of sustainable municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Twenty-three case studies provided municipal solid waste (MSW) generation and recovery rates and composition for compilation and assessment. The average MSW generation rate was 0.77 kg/person/day, with recovery rates from 5-40%. The waste streams of 19 of these case studies consisted of 0-70% recyclables and 17-80% organics. Qualitative analysis of all 23 case studies identified barriers or incentives to recycling, which resulted in the development of factors influencing recycling of MSW in developing countries. The factors are government policy, government finances, waste characterization, waste collection and segregation, household education, household economics, MSWM (municipal solid waste management) administration, MSWM personnel education, MSWM plan, local recycled-material market, technological and human resources, and land availability. Necessary and beneficial relationships drawn among these factors revealed the collaborative nature of sustainable MSWM. The functionality of the factor relationships greatly influenced the success of sustainable MSWM. A correlation existed between stakeholder involvement and the three dimensions of sustainability: environment, society, and economy. The only factors driven by all three dimensions (waste collection and segregation, MSWM plan, and local recycled-material market) were those requiring the greatest collaboration with other factors.

  9. Sustainable kerbside recycling in the municipal garbage contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, Moe

    2009-12-01

    In an era of global warming, rising energy costs and increasing volumes of wastes destined for landfills and incinerators, communities should set up environmentally sustainable services that are cost-effective for their citizens and revenue generators for municipalities. A win-win garbage collection and kerbside recycling program established more than eight years ago in a small rural community in Ohio, US is still going strong. It is offering a relatively inexpensive way for waste disposal by providing an incentive-based and highly participatory kerbside recycling and at the same time bringing in substantial franchise fees for the municipal coffers. Unlike garbage contracts in most communities that are designed for only residential waste collection, this program extends disposal and recycling services to non-residential establishments. It picks up hard-to-dispose household furniture, appliances and other bulky items without additional costs to the residents. By being creative and assessing local political and socio-economic milieu, public officials can implement a comprehensive service package for taking care of their community throwaways. However, before establishing such programs in partnership with a private firm, city administrators must understand the intricacies of bid specifications customized for municipal wastes and recyclable materials.

  10. MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AND RECOVERY POTENTIAL: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Alamgir, A. Ahsan

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available A total of 7690 tons of municipal solid waste generated daily at the six major cities of Bangladesh, namely, Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal and Sylhet, as estimated in 2005. Sampling was done at different waste generation sources such as residential, commercial, institutional and open areas, in different seasons. The composition of the entire waste stream was about 74.4% organic matter, 9.1% paper, 3.5% plastic, 1.9% textile and wood, 0.8% leather and rubber, 1.5% metal, 0.8% glass and 8% other waste. The per capita generation of municipal solid waste was ranged from 0.325 to 0.485 kg/cap/day while the average rate was 0.387 kg/cap/day as measured in the six major cities. The potential for waste recovery and reduction based on the waste characteristics are evaluated and it is predicted that 21.64 million US$/yr can be earned from recycling and composting of municipal solid waste.

  11. Carbon Footprint Analysis of Municipalities – Evidence from Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Angelakoglou

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The economical crisis that hit Greece after 2009, significantly affected its energy consumption profile due to the increased price of domestic heating oil and gasoline. The specific study aims at the quantification of the carbon dioxide emissions in municipal level due to energy and fuel consumption. Three different municipalities in North Greece (Kavala, Alexandroupolis and Drama were assessed with the application of three different carbon footprint estimation approaches in each one of them, including two life cycle assessment methods. Results ranged from 511,799 to 571,000, 435,250 to 489,000 and 355,207 to 398,000 tons CO2 and tons CO2-eq. for Kavala, Alexandroupolis and Drama respectively. The analysis per energy type indicated the electrical energy consumption as the key factor affecting the results due to the relatively high CO2 emission coefficient of the electricity produced in Greece. The analysis per sector indicated that a percentage of nearly 75% of the total carbon footprint is assigned to the building sector whereas the private and commercial transport is accountable for the rest. Municipal activities (buildings, facilities, lighting and fleet contributed to a small percentage to the total carbon footprint (approx. 3-8%.

  12. Knowledge and technology transfer to improve the municipal solid waste management system of Durango City, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia-Vázquez, Roberto; Pérez-López, Maria E; Vicencio-de-la-Rosa, María G; Martínez-Prado, María A; Rubio-Hernández, Rubén

    2014-09-01

    As society evolves its welfare level increases, and as a consequence the amount of municipal solid waste increases, imposing great challenges to municipal authorities. In developed countries, municipalities have established integrated management schemes to handle, treat, and dispose of municipal solid waste in an economical and environmentally sound manner. Municipalities of developing and transition countries are not exempted from the challenges involving municipal solid waste handling, but their task is not easy to accomplish since they face budget deficits, lack of knowledge, and deficiencies in infrastructure and equipment. In the northern territory of Mexico, the municipality of Durango is facing the challenge of increased volumes of waste with a lack of adequate facilities and infrastructure. This article analyses the evolution of the municipal solid waste management of Durango city, which includes actions such as proper facilities construction, equipment acquisition, and the implementation of social programmes. The World Bank, offering courses to municipal managers on landfill operation and waste management, promoted the process of knowledge and technology transfer. Thereafter, municipal authorities attended regional and some international workshops on waste management. In addition they followed suggestions of international contractors and equipment dealers with the intention to improve the situation of the waste management of the city. After a 15-year period, transfer of knowledge and technology resulted in a modern municipal solid waste management system in Durango municipality. The actual system did not reach the standard levels of an integrated waste management system, nevertheless, a functional evaluation shows clear indications that municipality actions have put them on the right pathway.

  13. Knowledge and technology transfer to improve the municipal solid waste management system of Durango City, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia-Vázquez, Roberto; Pérez-López, Maria E; Vicencio-de-la-Rosa, María G; Martínez-Prado, María A; Rubio-Hernández, Rubén

    2014-09-01

    As society evolves its welfare level increases, and as a consequence the amount of municipal solid waste increases, imposing great challenges to municipal authorities. In developed countries, municipalities have established integrated management schemes to handle, treat, and dispose of municipal solid waste in an economical and environmentally sound manner. Municipalities of developing and transition countries are not exempted from the challenges involving municipal solid waste handling, but their task is not easy to accomplish since they face budget deficits, lack of knowledge, and deficiencies in infrastructure and equipment. In the northern territory of Mexico, the municipality of Durango is facing the challenge of increased volumes of waste with a lack of adequate facilities and infrastructure. This article analyses the evolution of the municipal solid waste management of Durango city, which includes actions such as proper facilities construction, equipment acquisition, and the implementation of social programmes. The World Bank, offering courses to municipal managers on landfill operation and waste management, promoted the process of knowledge and technology transfer. Thereafter, municipal authorities attended regional and some international workshops on waste management. In addition they followed suggestions of international contractors and equipment dealers with the intention to improve the situation of the waste management of the city. After a 15-year period, transfer of knowledge and technology resulted in a modern municipal solid waste management system in Durango municipality. The actual system did not reach the standard levels of an integrated waste management system, nevertheless, a functional evaluation shows clear indications that municipality actions have put them on the right pathway. PMID:25236615

  14. Municipal distribution of breast cancer mortality among women in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Pérez Javier

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Spain has one of the lowest rates of breast cancer in Europe, though estimated incidence has risen substantially in recent decades. Some years ago, the Spanish Cancer Mortality Atlas showed Spain as having a heterogeneous distribution of breast cancer mortality at a provincial level. This paper describes the municipal distribution of breast cancer mortality in Spain and its relationship with socio-economic indicators. Methods Breast cancer mortality was modelled using the Besag-York-Molliè autoregressive spatial model, including socio-economic level, rurality and percentage of population over 64 years of age as surrogates of reproductive and lifestyle risk factors. Municipal relative risks (RRs were independently estimated for women aged under 50 years and for those aged 50 years and over. Maps were plotted depicting smoothed RR estimates and the distribution of the posterior probability of RR>1. Results In women aged 50 years and over, mortality increased with socio-economic level, and was lower in rural areas and municipalities with higher proportion of old persons. Among women aged under 50 years, rurality was the only statistically significant explanatory variable. For women older than 49 years, the highest relative risks were mainly registered for municipalities located in the Canary Islands, Balearic Islands, the Mediterranean coast of Catalonia and Valencia, plus others around the Ebro River. In premenopausal women, the pattern was similar but tended to be more homogeneous. In mainland Spain, a group of municipalities with high RRs were located in Andalusia, near the left bank of the Guadalquivir River. Conclusion As previously observed in other contexts, mortality rates are positively related with socio-economic status and negatively associated with rurality and the presence of a higher proportion of people over age 64 years. Taken together, these variables represent the influence of lifestyle factors which have

  15. Adapting to climate change : an introduction for Canadian municipalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Climate change studies have indicated that Canada will experience large shifts in weather patterns in the next few decades due to both natural variations as well as human activities that release greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the world's average surface temperature is expected to increase by 1.4 to 5.8 degrees C over the period 1990-2100. The use of fossils fuels in transportation, manufacturing, heating, cooling, and electricity generation is the biggest source of GHGs such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. The rest comes from land use activities, such as agriculture and forestry. Total GHG emissions in Canada amounted to 740 megatonnes in 2003. Municipalities are directly and indirectly responsible for almost half of those emissions. This document outlined decision-making processes to help municipal governments make informed decisions and take appropriate mitigative action. Topics of discussion focused on the effect of global warming on public health, agriculture, water, coastline and marine management. Among the impacts of climate change are droughts; diminished and lower quality surface water; a higher incidence of vector-borne diseases; more frequent heat waves with discomfort in urban centres; and, an increase in storm surges in coastal regions. The greatest concerns for most municipalities are intense precipitation, heavy winds, or ice storms. Examples of how 6 Canadian communities are starting to address climate change adaptation were presented in the hope that these examples will help raise awareness of climate change impacts in other communities and provide ideas as to how these challenges might be addressed. The Toronto Heat-Health Alert System, the Greater Vancouver Regional District Stormwater Management Program, the Halifax Regional Municipality ClimateSMART Initiative, Sept-Iles' Shoreline Erosion Program, the City of Iqaluit Sustainable Development strategy and the Tidal

  16. The study of municipalities' investment choices : eight Norwegian municipalities' investments in financial products during 2001-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Van, Minh; Ølnes, Lars

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the change in riskiness of eight Norwegian hydro power municipalities’ investments in complex financial products offered by Citigroup through the brokerage firm Terra Securities AS during the period 2001-2007. The investments were financed by restructuring the municipalities` annual revenue from concession fees and power. Using Monte Carlo simulations, this paper estimates the change in riskiness by comparing the Cash Flow at Risk between two portfolios comprising of (...

  17. The impacts of leadership in the quality of municipal public services: case study of a portuguese municipal council

    OpenAIRE

    Orlando Manuel Martins Marques De Lima Rua

    2012-01-01

    [EN]The present research work, based on some of the components of the Common Assessment Framework, sets to analyse the influence held by leadership in specific factors that constitute the organisational climate, and also the impact that these factors have on the quality of municipal public services. For the purposes of this study, we propose Likert’s exploitative autocratic and participative leadership styles to explain the genesis, structure and workflow. As far as the organisational clim...

  18. Local climate activities in co-operation between municipality, civil society and science shop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    The Science Shop at DTU co-operates with the local municipal administration and the local branch of an environmental NGO about climate change. The co-operation was initiated by a proposal to the Science Shop from the municipal administration. Since the Science Shop requests civil society involvem......The Science Shop at DTU co-operates with the local municipal administration and the local branch of an environmental NGO about climate change. The co-operation was initiated by a proposal to the Science Shop from the municipal administration. Since the Science Shop requests civil society...... in canteens and to elderly citizens, municipal employees’ transportation habits, a municipal energy saving campaign, local businesses’ climate impact, and energy refurbishment of private houses. The knowledge production has in some projects mainly been academic, but joint knowledge production with civil...

  19. STATUS OF HEAVY METALS DISTRIBUTION IN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN TIRUCHIRAPPALLI CITY, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Noorjahan

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Urbanization and rapid growth of population in India has led to drastic increase in municipal solid waste. Unscientific disposal of municipal solid waste is one of the main reasons attributed for environmental degradation. The present work concentrates on municipal solid waste management in Tiruchirappalli City which comprises of four zones namely Srirangam, Goldenrock, Araiyamangalam and Abishekapuram. This study also attempted to assess the physical composition, characteristics and the heavy metals content in municipal solid waste. It can be observed that the bio-degradable fraction of municipal solid waste is found to be 74 percent of the total solid waste generated from the city. Hence composting could be the best option for the treatment of municipal solid waste.

  20. A (re)municipalization trend among energy utilities: Truth or myth?

    OpenAIRE

    Cullmann, Astrid; Nieswand, Maria; Seifert, Stefan; Stiel, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    In the 1990s, a number of municipalities started privatizing their energy utilities; in recent years, there has been an intensive debate about whether a paradigm shift has taken place since then. Cities and municipalities have considered putting the energy, water, gas and heat supply back into the hands of public companies; Berlin and Hamburg are two prominent examples. But is there really an overarching trend toward (re)municipalization? According to the present study, which evaluates newly ...