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Sample records for chicago synchrocyclotron

  1. Synchro-cyclotron

    CERN Multimedia

    1972-01-01

    The electromagnetic coil which forms the first section of the proton extraction channel in the improved synchro-cyclotron. The photograph shows the positioning gear and the current septum. An extraction efficiency above 50% is expected.

  2. Upgrading Synchro-cyclotron

    CERN Multimedia

    1974-01-01

    Final touches to the central region of SC2, the refurbished 600 MeV synchro-cyclotron, before the start of commissioning. Modifications included a new type of ion source at the centre. Protons were first accelerated in SC2 at full energy by October 1974. (See photo 7408042X)

  3. <600> MeV synchro-cyclotron

    CERN Multimedia

    1971-01-01

    One of the 14 pancakes of the new magnet coils for the 600 MeV synchro-cyclotron which were wound and coated with epoxy resin on the CERN site. These new coils will replace the present ones which have been in use for more than 14 years but are now showing signs of deteriorations.

  4. The Synchrocyclotron (SC) in building 300

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    The red magnet of CERN's first accelerator, the Synchrocyclotron (SC), has occupied a large part of Hall 300 since it was installed in the late 1950s. The remaining part of the 300-square-metre building has been used as a storage room since the accelerator was shut down in 1990. Now a public exhibition will breathe new life into the hall.

  5. Investigation of Beam Dynamics in the Superconducting Synchrocyclotron for Proton Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI; Ming; ZHANG; Tian-jue

    2013-01-01

    With development of the superconducting technology,synchrocyclotron can be made very small through extreme high field,the structure of which is simple.So the synchrocyclotron is very suitable to be installed in the hospital for proton therapy.CIAE planned to build a 230 MeV superconducting synchrocyclotron,which is listed in the project of"Dragon 2020"and the key technology study is an

  6. Trimming algorithm of frequency modulation for CIAE-230 MeV proton superconducting synchrocyclotron model cavity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pengzhan; Zhang, Tianjue; Ji, Bin; Hou, Shigang; Guo, Juanjuan; Yin, Meng; Xing, Jiansheng; Lv, Yinlong; Guan, Fengping; Lin, Jun

    2017-01-01

    A new project, the 230 MeV proton superconducting synchrocyclotron for cancer therapy, was proposed at CIAE in 2013. A model cavity is designed to verify the frequency modulation trimming algorithm featuring a half-wave structure and eight sets of rotating blades for 1 kHz frequency modulation. Based on the electromagnetic (EM) field distribution analysis of the model cavity, the variable capacitor works as a function of time and the frequency can be written in Maclaurin series. Curve fitting is applied for theoretical frequency and original simulation frequency. The second-order fitting excels at the approximation given its minimum variance. Constant equivalent inductance is considered as an important condition in the calculation. The equivalent parameters of theoretical frequency can be achieved through this conversion. Then the trimming formula for rotor blade outer radius is found by discretization in time domain. Simulation verification has been performed and the results show that the calculation radius with minus 0.012 m yields an acceptable result. The trimming amendment in the time range of 0.328-0.4 ms helps to reduce the frequency error to 0.69% in Simulation C with an increment of 0.075 mm/0.001 ms, which is half of the error in Simulation A (constant radius in 0.328-0.4 ms). The verification confirms the feasibility of the trimming algorithm for synchrocyclotron frequency modulation.

  7. Brief overview of the creation of the synchrocyclotron at the hydrotechnical laboratory of the USSR Academy of Sciences and first results of physical studies: Review of archival documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiselev, G. V.; Rusakovich, N. A.

    2012-07-01

    A review of the archive's documents on the main stages of the creation of the synchrocyclotron at the Hydrotechnical Laboratory (now known as the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems) is presented. The review is based on minutes of the Special Committee and Scientific and Technical Council (NTS), which belongs to the First Chief Directorate (PGU) concerning the era of the Soviet atomic project (1945-1953). The analysis of these minutes has enabled us to prepare a chronicle of events that deal with the creation of the synchrocyclotron, as well as the discussion of the project and its place of construction, the research and development program, and so on. The minutes of two NTS meetings dated May 5 and 12, 1952 are devoted to discussing the results the research and development program in 1950-1951. The minutes of NTS meetings have not been published previously.

  8. Chicago arhitektuuribiennaal / Eve Komp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Komp, Eve, 1982-

    2015-01-01

    Chicagos esimest korda korraldatud arhitektuuribiennaali nimi oli "The State of the Art of Architecture", mis toimus 03. oktoober 2015.a. - 03. jaanuar 2016.a. Biennaali eesmärk oli pakkuda rahvusvahelist arhitektuurisündmust kohalikule arhitektuurikogukonnale.

  9. Chicago's Peace Warriors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haga, Kazu

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Chicago witnessed 458 murders--more than the number of U.S. soldiers killed in Iraq or Afghanistan. Many of those killings involved teenagers. Kingian Nonviolence is a training curriculum developed out of the teachings of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. by two of his close allies, Bernard Lafayette Jr. and David Jehnsen. Used in schools,…

  10. An Artistic Analysis of Chicago

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu; Licong

    2014-01-01

    Chicago is Sandburg’s masterpiece. This thesis tries to analyze the poem from an artistic angle. It means to give a better understanding of Sandburg’s delight in violence and his membership in the industrial workers of the world.

  11. Chicago, Keynes and Fiscal Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Pérez Caldentey

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available En la primera mitad de la década de los años treinta los padres fundadores de la escuela de economía de Chicago y John Maynard Keynes en Inglaterra propusieron la puesta en marcha de trabajos públicos para combatir el desempleo y sobreponerse a la Gran Depresión. Frente a la rigidez de los precios de mercado y la impotencia de la política monetaria, la política fiscal contra cíclica pasó a ser vista como una estrategia viable y capaz de atenuar las fases del ciclo económico. A finales de la década tanto los economistas de Chicago como Keynes renunciaron al uso de este tipo de incentivos fiscales. Los economistas de Chicago centraron su rechazo en el potencial inflacionario de la política fiscal expansiva y enfocaron sus preocupaciones hacia los aspectos monetarios de la política fiscal. Por su parte Keynes mantuvo su apoyo a la política fiscal contra cíclica absteniéndose de recomendar los instrumentos que había propuesto anteriormente para combatir las fluctuaciones económicas. Utilizando el marco teórico que desarrolló en la Teoría General (1936, Keynes distinguió entre el presupuesto corriente y el de capital. El presupuesto corriente debía mostrar un equilibrio o un superávit con el fin de financiar el gasto en capital que actuaría como estabilizador del ciclo económico. Keynes distinguió así entre dos conceptos de política fiscal (la política fiscal compensatoria y la política fiscal basada en la programación de los gastos de capital. El segundo tipo de política fiscal, válido bajo la suposición de escasez del factor capital, suponía el rechazo de los instrumentos de estabilización fiscal de corto plazo (trabajos públicos y el uso de los impuestos para alterar los patrones de consumo. Más allá del punto de saturación del capital, la política fiscal podría cambiar su enfásis hacia el consumo y su rol compensatorio.

  12. Chicago Operations Office: Technology summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-01

    This document has been prepared by the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) Office of Technology Development (OTD) to highlight its research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation (RDDT and E) activities funded through the Chicago Operations Office. Technologies and processes described have the potential to enhance DOE`s cleanup and waste management efforts, as well as improve US Industry`s competitiveness in global environmental markets. The information has been assembled from recently produced OTD documents which highlight technology development activities within each of the OTD program elements. OTD technologies addresses three specific problem areas: (1) groundwater and soils cleanup; (2) waste retrieval and processing; and (3) pollution prevention. These problems are not unique to DOE, but are associated with other Federal agency and industry sites as well. Thus, technical solutions developed within OTD programs will benefit DOE, and should have direct applications in outside markets.

  13. Supporting Teens in Chicago's Humboldt Park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbate, Nancy M.

    1990-01-01

    Describes a Youth Service Project Program for teen mothers in Chicago. The program uses a bicultural approach that provides teens with a supportive social network and the opportunity to acquire parenting and literacy skills. (PCB)

  14. John Dewey and early Chicago functionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backe, A

    2001-11-01

    John Dewey and James Angell are regarded respectively as the founder and systematizer of the Chicago school of functional psychology. The early Chicago school traditionally has been portrayed as a unified theoretical approach based primarily on William James's naturalist theory of mental processes. It is argued in this article that although the psychology systematized by Angell bore a close affinity to James's naturalism, Dewey's own psychology was based primarily on the neo-Hegelian philosophy of Thomas Hill Green. Through a review of a number of Dewey's major writings, Green's neo-Hegelian philosophy is shown to have influenced Dewey's views on psychological concepts such as reaction, emotion, and perception during the formative period of the Chicago school. The interpretation of Dewey's psychology developed in this article leads to the conclusion that early Chicago functionalism should not be regarded as a unified theoretical approach.

  15. Tappev kuulsus viib Chicago lavale / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2003-01-01

    Muusikafilm "Chicago", mille aluseks John Kanderi - Fred Ebb'i muusikal : režissöör Rob Marshall : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2002. 1975.a. selle muusikali Broadwayl lavale toonud Bob Fosse mõjust filmi stiilile

  16. Teatrireisikiri. USA. Chicago. Aprill 2009 / Rednar Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Rednar, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Chicago Improv Festivalist. Kahest nähtud lavastustest: William Gibsoni "The Miracle worker" ja Alan Bennetti "Ajaloopoisid". Kahest nähtud muusikalist: Michael Bennetti "A Corus Line" ja Disney ning Cameron Macintoshi "Mary Poppins"

  17. 76 FR 58108 - Safety Zone; Ryder Cup Captain's Duel Golf Shot, Chicago River, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Ryder Cup Captain's Duel Golf Shot, Chicago.... Background and Purpose The Ryder Cup Captain's Duel Golf Shot event takes place on the Chicago River near... ambiguity, and reduce burden. Protection of Children We have analyzed this rule under Executive Order...

  18. 78 FR 46810 - Safety Zone; Motion Picture Filming; Chicago River; Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Motion Picture Filming; Chicago River... intended to restrict vessels from a portion of the Chicago River due to the filming of a motion picture... ability to protect spectators and vessels from the hazards associated with the filming of a motion...

  19. The Great War: Ethnic Conflict for Chicago's German-Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Liesl K.

    1987-01-01

    Outlines the struggles of German-Americans in Chicago, Illinois during World War I. Contends these German-Americans met conflict, hostility, and pressure to compromise and reevaluate their place in Chicago as a result of the war. (BSR)

  20. Teuton vs Slav: The Great War Sinks Chicago's German "Kultur."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holli, Melvin G.

    1981-01-01

    Describes the fervent political and cultural nationalism of German Americans in Chicago during World War I. Discusses how this nationalism, combined with ethnic conflict between Germans and Slavs, helped to sway public opinion against Chicago's German community. (GC)

  1. La escuela de Chicago en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo fue escrito por alguien que nunca pisó la universidad de Chicago, y estudió en Harvard. Quienes dedican sus energías a pegarle a los economistas encuentran facilitada su tarea en el caso de la universidad de Chicago. No solamente porque fue fundada por un Rockefeller, y contó entre sus profesores a Milton Friedman, sino también gracias al aporte de muchos egresados de las escuelas de economía de las otras universidades. La presentación busca superar el plano de la caricatura, par...

  2. Telecommunications: Electronic Tools for Chicago School Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Beverly J.; And Others

    This study examined the feasibility and advisability of using telecommunications in the Chicago Public School (CPS) system to support school reform that has been mandated by recent legislation. Survey research yielded information on the current status of staff development and Local School Council (LSC) training, and provided the basis for…

  3. Economic Aspects of Single Parenthood in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, William

    1985-01-01

    Estimated single parenthood rates in Chicago in 1970 and 1980. Single parenthood was related to both low earning ability and very high earning ability. The former was affected by low educational levels and high unemployment. The latter was caused by an increase in women's earning ability. (BH)

  4. Edificio de viviendas. Lake Meadows Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skidmore - Owings y Merrill, Arquitectos

    1958-09-01

    Full Text Available "Lake Meadows" es una amplia parcela, de cuatrocientos mil metros cuadrados, situada en las afueras de Chicago, con vistas dominantes sobre el lago Michigan. En tan bello emplazamiento se ha construido uno de los más atractivos conjuntos residenciales norteamericanos.

  5. Developing a Data Visualization System for the Bank of America Chicago Marathon (Chicago, Illinois USA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanken, Taylor; Young, Sam; Smilowitz, Karen; Chiampas, George; Waskowski, David

    2016-10-01

    As one of the largest marathons worldwide, the Bank of America Chicago Marathon (BACCM; Chicago, Illinois USA) accumulates high volumes of data. Race organizers and engaged agencies need the ability to access specific data in real-time. This report details a data visualization system designed for the Chicago Marathon and establishes key principles for event management data visualization. The data visualization system allows for efficient data communication among the organizing agencies of Chicago endurance events. Agencies can observe the progress of the race throughout the day and obtain needed information, such as the number and location of runners on the course and current weather conditions. Implementation of the system can reduce time-consuming, face-to-face interactions between involved agencies by having key data streams in one location, streamlining communications with the purpose of improving race logistics, as well as medical preparedness and response. Hanken T , Young S , Smilowitz K , Chiampas G , Waskowski D . Developing a data visualization system for the Bank of America Chicago Marathon (Chicago, Illinois USA). Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(5):572-577.

  6. Chicago-St. Louis high speed rail plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stead, M.E.

    1994-12-31

    The Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT), in cooperation with Amtrak, undertook the Chicago-St. Louis High Speed Rail Financial and Implementation Plan study in order to develop a realistic and achievable blueprint for implementation of high speed rail in the Chicago-St. Louis corridor. This report presents a summary of the Price Waterhouse Project Team`s analysis and the Financial and Implementation Plan for implementing high speed rail service in the Chicago-St. Louis corridor.

  7. The Berlin tradition in Chicago: Franz Alexander and the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Erika S

    2010-01-01

    Freud considered Franz Alexander, the first graduate of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute and an assistant in the Berlin Polyclinic, to be "one of our strongest hopes for the future." Alexander went on to become the first director of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis in 1932 and modeled some of the Chicago Institute's mission on his Berlin experiences. He was also a researcher in psychosomatic medicine, a prolific writer about psychoanalysis and prominent in psychoanalytic organizations. As he proposed modifications in psychoanalytic technique, he became a controversial figure, especially in the elaboration of his ideas about brief therapy and the corrective emotional experience. This paper puts Alexander's achievements in historical context, draws connections between the Berlin and Chicago Institutes and suggests that, despite his quarrels with traditional psychoanalysis, Alexander's legacy may be in his attitude towards psychoanalysis, characterized by a commitment to scientific study, a willingness to experiment, and a conviction about the role of psychoanalysis within the larger culture.

  8. 77 FR 59749 - Safety Zone; Submarine Cable Installation Project; Chicago River, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Submarine Cable Installation Project... intended to restrict vessels from a portion of the Chicago River due to the installation of submarine... the installation of submarine cables in the vicinity of both the West Adams Street and West...

  9. 75 FR 41760 - Safety Zone; Transformers 3 Movie Filming, Chicago River, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... restrict vessels from a portion of the Chicago River due to the filming of a major motion picture. This... associated with the filming of this major motion picture, delaying the publication of this rule to provide... the Port, Sector Lake Michigan, has determined that the filming of this motion picture does...

  10. School Reform in Chicago: A Study of Structures and Symbols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefkovich, Jacqueline A.; Guba, Gloria J.

    1995-01-01

    The structures and symbols of the Chicago (Illinois) school reform movement were explored through a case study in one Chicago elementary school. Changes were built on a framework of organizational symbols and metaphors of the building as a home, the school as a family, and the principal as leader. (SLD)

  11. The Reallocation of Funds under the Chicago School Reform Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, G. Alfred, Jr.

    As a result of state legislators' conviction that Chapter 1 fund mismanagement by the Chicago Public Schools had led to yearly increases in administration size to the detriment of students' real needs, the Chicago School Reform Act of 1988 placed a cap on noninstructional expenses and a progressive cessation on state aid to the poverty impaction…

  12. 弯道助手蓝宝Chicago Pilot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    蓝宝的名气我们就不用多说了,相信大家也知道它的Chicago 和Pilot这两个型号的导航器。这次蓝宝给大家带来了功能更加强大的Chicago Pilot,让我们先睹为快!

  13. 78 FR 51064 - Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, IL... from portions of Chicago waterways due to the filming of a motion picture. These temporary safety zones... work, low-flying helicopter, and other hazards involved in the filming of a motion picture. DATES:...

  14. 78 FR 57570 - Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago, Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Motion Picture Production; Chicago... will enforce the temporary safety zone for motion picture filming in Calumet Harbor, Chicago, IL from 9... intended to ensure safety of life on navigable waters during nighttime filming of a motion picture...

  15. Identifying hidden sexual bridging communities in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youm, Yoosik; Mackesy-Amiti, Mary Ellen; Williams, Chyvette T; Ouellet, Lawrence J

    2009-07-01

    Bridge populations can play a central role in the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by providing transmission links between higher and lower prevalence populations. While social network methods are well suited to the study of bridge populations, analyses tend to focus on dyads (i.e., risk between drug and/or sex partners) and ignore bridges between distinct subpopulations. This study takes initial steps toward moving the analysis of sexual network linkages beyond individual and risk group levels to a community level in which Chicago's 77 community areas are examined as subpopulations for the purpose of identifying potential bridging communities. Of particular interest are "hidden" bridging communities; that is, areas with above-average levels of sexual ties with other areas but whose below-average AIDS prevalence may hide their potential importance for HIV prevention. Data for this analysis came from the first wave of recruiting at the Chicago Sexual Acquisition and Transmission of HIV Cooperative Agreement Program site. Between August 2005 through October 2006, respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit users of heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine, men who have sex with men regardless of drug use, the sex partners of these two groups, and sex partners of the sex partners. In this cross-sectional study of the sexual transmission of HIV, participants completed a network-focused computer-assisted self-administered interview, which included questions about the geographic locations of sexual contacts with up to six recent partners. Bridging scores for each area were determined using a matrix representing Chicago's 77 community areas and were assessed using two measures: non-redundant ties and flow betweenness. Bridging measures and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) case prevalence rates were plotted for each community area on charts representing four conditions: below-average bridging and AIDS prevalence, below-average bridging and above

  16. Chicago Transit Authority Train Noise Exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phan, Linh T; Jones, Rachael M

    2017-02-07

    To characterize noise exposure of riders on Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) trains, we measured noise levels twice on each segment of seven of the eight CTA train lines, which are named after colors, yielding 48 time-series measurements. We found the Blue Line has the highest noise levels compared to other train lines, with mean 76.9 dBA; and that the maximum noise level, 88.9 dBA occurred in the tunnel between the Chicago and Grand stations. Train segments involving travel through a tunnel had significantly higher noise levels than segments with travel on elevated and ground level tracks. While 8-hour doses inside the passenger cars were not estimated to exceed occupational exposure limits, train operators ride in a separate cab with operational windows and may therefore have higher noise exposures than riders. Despite the low risk of hearing loss for riders on CTA trains, in part because transit noise accounts for a small part of total daily noise exposure, 1-minute average noise levels exceeded 85 dBA at times. This confirms anecdotal observations of discomfort due to noise levels, and indicates a need for noise management, particularly in tunnels.

  17. ATLAS Virtual Visit-Chicago-14-05-2014

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The Consulate General of France in Chicago organizes a third whole day for the discovery of science by students, in downtown Chicago, through hands-on activities. This event is designed for both American and French students from 5th to 10th grade and their teachers. One of the highlight will be a direct connevtion with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, Switzerland. - See more at: http://atlas-live-virtual-visit.web.cern.ch/atlas-live-virtual-visit/2014/Chicago-2-2014.html#sthash.EGd2sTp0.dpuf

  18. Gentrification and community fabric in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betancur, John

    2011-01-01

    Critical authors of gentrification point to its deleterious impacts on displaced residents. Research on the nature or actual forms of impacts has not advanced much, however. This paper attempts to specify impacts on low-income racial/ethnic groups (Latinos in particular) in five Chicago neighbourhoods, with a particular focus on neighbourhood-based fabrics of support and advancement. Limited in their mobility and exchange value resources, lower-income groups depend on such fabrics far more than do the higher income. In fact, they have fewer choices and are most vulnerable to place-based shifts. The case seems especially challenging for minorities who, like European immigrants before them, depend largely on place-based platforms/social fabrics but, unlike them, confront the added factors of race and urban restructuring.

  19. Edificio de viviendas 320 Oakadale, Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Schwartz, Milton

    1959-04-01

    Full Text Available El edificio 320 Oakdale Building fué proyectado como bloque de apartamentos de lujo, distribuyéndose tres por planta. Todos disfrutan de bellas vistas sobre él lago Michigan y el parque Lincoln. Las Ordenanzas de la ciudad de Chicago exigen que todos los edificios de nueva construcción estén provistos de aparcamiento para el 40 por 100 de los apartamentos. Si los soportes hubieran llegado hasta la planta baja no hubiera habido sitio suficiente para el estacionamiento de los coches. Por eso los arquitectos eliminaron los pilares en la tercera planta, transfiriendo la carga a vigas transversales voladizas que reposan sobre un pilar único de gran sección.

  20. City of Chicago Brownfield case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordon, K.J. [City of Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Environment; Anderson, S.W.; Albano, J.M. [Black and Veatch Waste Science, Inc., Chicago, IL (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Dealing with complex environmental issues frequently inhibits redevelopment of industrial sites in urban settings. In 1993, the City of Chicago (City) Department of Planning and Development, Department of Buildings, and Mayor`s Office joined the Department of Environment to investigate reuse of former industrial/commercial properties (brownfields) suspected of environmental or industrial contamination. The collective result is the Brownfield Program, a three-pronged initiative: Brownfield Pilot Program, Brownfield Forum, and Brownfield Research. Black and Veatch Waste Science, Inc. (Waste Science) carried the Brownfield Program forward by performing a Phase 1 environmental site assessment for the City on one of five pilot sites. Waste Science subsequently completed a Phase 2 environmental site assessment and Phase 3 site remediation at the site. Waste oil and PCB-contaminated soil was removed.

  1. Cimentaciones actuales de los rascacielos de Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Ruiz, Álvaro

    1972-05-01

    Full Text Available The main characteristics of the land and the supporting rock are given, and the pattern of present performance of Chicago's deep foundations is briefly described. This city probably has some of the highest skyscrapers in the world with deep foundations resting on rock, and possibly as well, the highest building with foundations resting on soil. The construction of piles of large diameter, resting on rock and concreted dry, as prescribed by the City Code, is the weak point which sometimes makes it necessary to insert a permanent lining tube deep into the rock in order to obtain the required leaktightness, or to pump out significant quantities of water from the bottom of the excavations. The latter can cause the dragging away of earth from adjacent foundations resting on soil at a higher level, as with the drift of the phreatic level, with the consequent risk of producing appreciable subsidence, and even undermining. To overcome this problem we carried out for the first time in Chicago, a pre-sealing, by means of chemical injections, of the supporting rock of the periphery piles of some deep foundations, by drilling into the centre of each pile, which has also been useful as a means of examining the subsoil before proceeding to the perforation of each pile. This operation was carried out on the large diameter piles of the foundations of the Northern Trust Bank skyscraper, at present under construction, with very satisfactory results. The method of pre-sealing the rock used and the results obtained are described.Se presentan las características principales del terreno y de la roca de apoyo y se describe someramente la forma de ejecución actual de las cimentaciones profundas de Chicago. Esta ciudad tendrá (en breve varios de los rascacielos más altos del mundo apoyados en cimentaciones profundas sobre roca y, posiblemente, también el edificio más alto apoyado sobre suelo. La construcción de pilotes de gran diámetro apoyados sobre roca y

  2. Astrophysics for Older adults in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grin, Daniel; Landsberg, Randall H.; Flude, Karen

    2017-01-01

    Gerontology research continues to show that the adage "Use it or Lose it" is a clinical fact when it comes to cognitive engagement post-retirement. Here, I'll discuss a new program developed at the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, bringing classes on astrophysics to older adults throughout the city, at retirement homes, at senior center, and at public libraries, bookended by an engaging trip to the Adler Planetarium. In my presentation, I'll present the gerontological and policy motivations for this program, the presenter training techniques, our partner collaboration strategy, and the results of our effort, which engaged hundreds of older adults throughout Chicago from a variety of socioeconomic strata.

  3. Theoretical high energy physics research at the University of Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosner, J.L.; Martinec, E.J.; Sachs, R.G.

    1990-09-01

    This report discusses research being done at the University of Chicago in High Energy Physics. Some topic covered are: CP violation; intermediate vector bosons; string models; supersymmetry; and rare decay of kaons. (LSP)

  4. Preliminary survey of biodiversity in New Chicago Marsh

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — During the late winter and early springs 1995, we conducted a preliminary survey of biodiversity in New Chicago Marsh (NCM), at the south end of San Francisco Bay,...

  5. Puertorriquenos En Chicago: El Problema Educativo Del Dropout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Isidro

    1974-01-01

    Article written in Spanish. Defines the term "dropout," discusses the characteristics and motivations of Puerto Rican school dropouts in Chicago, and outlines the problems in educating them. (Author/RJ)

  6. Creating a marketplace for green roofs in Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vitt Sale, L. [Wright and Co. Chicago, IL (United States); Berkshire, M. [City of Chicago, IL (United States)

    2004-07-01

    Since 2003, the Chicago Department of Planning and Development has been encouraging city developers to consider installing green roofs on buildings in Chicago, with the belief that this practice results in mitigation of the urban heat island effect, cleaner runoff leaving green roofs, sound attenuation, aesthetic value, oxygen production, and mitigation of carbon dioxide emissions. However, the benefits to developers, which include reduced stormwater runoff, extended roof life and energy savings, in total do not offset the first cost premium of a green roof. Despite this, and with no mandate requiring green roofs, the marketplace is growing. After seeing green roofs on a tour in Europe, the mayor of Chicago encouraged the first design and installation of a 20,300 square foot demonstration green roof in Chicago, and other city-sponsored pilot projects followed shortly after. Since then, the number of green roofs in Chicago has grown to over one million square feet. A map of Chicago showing locations of most of the projects was presented. It was suggested that lower prices for green roofs, higher energy costs and an inclination to invest in long-term strategies would accelerate the market. In an effort to engage the public in dialogue, the Department of Planning and Development held seminars to promote the benefits of green roofs . Participants had many questions about the applicability of green roofs to Chicago, expressing skepticism that Chicago's climate would provide the same benefits as in Europe. Other concerns were expressed regarding the devaluation of property values resulting from placing green roofs on buildings; doubts about roof leaks; maintenance practices; and, bugs and mold. Since the first cost premium of the system remains a question, most participants expressed interest in some kind of incentive program, but remained open-minded if benefits could be proved. 6 figs.

  7. "The 'Chicago Plan' and New Deal Banking Reform"

    OpenAIRE

    Ronnie J. Phillips

    1992-01-01

    During the 1930s, there were numerous proposals put forth to modify the financial system. The "Chicago Plan," submitted in 1933 by economists at the University of Chicago, recommended abolition of the fractional reserve system and imposition of 100% reserves on demand deposits. Despite the radical nature of this proposal, Phillips argues that it played an important, and hitherto neglected, role in the banking legislation passed during the New Deal. The paper addresses the question of whether ...

  8. Implementing sustainable development programs in Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henderson, H.

    1994-12-31

    Achieving sustainable development requires a revision of the present view of the nature of the city as an environment, and its relation to a larger ecosystem of which it is an essential part. The environmental health of a wilderness area is inextricably related to the environmental, and economic, health of the great urban centers. The vitality of dense metropolitan areas, where population and economic activities are concentrated, is key to the preservation of productive farm lands, wildlife habitat, and open spaces. The social and economic crisis which grips many metropolitan centers, with attendant flight of industry and development to the so-called {open_quotes}greenfields,{close_quotes} fundamentally spreads a broader crisis to our common ecosystem. This crisis is marked by the obliteration of habitat necessary for biodiversity, loss of fertile farm land, and the contamination of air, water and land, as an unescapable effect of the sprawl created by flight from the urban centers. The removal of false conceptual distinctions between the city and nature, distinctions that are unfortunately at the heart of so much of American environmental philosophy, is key to the concept of `sustainable development.` This article sets forth how the City of Chicago is implementing this understanding of the nature of the urban environment, in pursuit of sustainable development within the city.

  9. 76 FR 56157 - University of Chicago, et al.; Notice of Decision on Applications for Duty-Free Entry of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    .... Applicant: University of Chicago, Institute for Genomic Systems and Biology, Chicago, IL 60637. Instrument... luminescence. ] Dated: September 2, 2011. Gregory W. Campbell, Director, Subsidies Enforcement Office,...

  10. Changing industrial patterns in the metroplitan Chicago area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allardice, D.

    1994-12-31

    The industrial base of Chicago, and most Midwestern cities, continues to change. These changes are particularly visible in the manufacturing sector where the exodus of companies has left behind abandoned factories and industrial sites that now blight the urban landscape. As urban centers have seen a steady decline in their ability to attract and maintain their manufacturing base, great interest has been placed in seeing what can be done to attract economic activity back into the urban center. For most Midwestern cities, this often means trying to either replace or stem the tide of manufacturing facilities that have left the city for {open_quotes}greenfields{close_quotes} in suburban or rural locations or have simply moved overseas. On the replacement front, to compensate for the loss of manufacturing, some cities such as Chicago have managed to expand other areas of their economies, such as business services, finance, and tourism and recreation to maintain their vitality. This paper discusses three aspects of the changing economic landscape of Chicago and other Midwestern urban areas. First, some historical perspective will be provided on how Chicago came to be a manufacturing center and what factors since World War II have led manufacturing facilities to move away from the urban center. Second, the future prospects for manufacturing in the central city will be examined. Finally, what policies may help increase (or at the very least maintain) the concentration of manufacturing in Chicago will be discussed.

  11. Underground infrastructure damage for a Chicago scenario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dey, Thomas N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bos, Rabdall J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-25

    Estimating effects due to an urban IND (improvised nuclear device) on underground structures and underground utilities is a challenging task. Nuclear effects tests performed at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) during the era of nuclear weapons testing provides much information on how underground military structures respond. Transferring this knowledge to answer questions about the urban civilian environment is needed to help plan responses to IND scenarios. Explosions just above the ground surface can only couple a small fraction of the blast energy into an underground shock. The various forms of nuclear radiation have limited penetration into the ground. While the shock transmitted into the ground carries only a small fraction of the blast energy, peak stresses are generally higher and peak ground displacement is lower than in the air blast. While underground military structures are often designed to resist stresses substantially higher than due to the overlying rocks and soils (overburden), civilian structures such as subways and tunnels would generally only need to resist overburden conditions with a suitable safety factor. Just as we expect the buildings themselves to channel and shield air blast above ground, basements and other underground openings as well as changes of geology will channel and shield the underground shock wave. While a weaker shock is expected in an urban environment, small displacements on very close-by faults, and more likely, soils being displaced past building foundations where utility lines enter could readily damaged or disable these services. Immediately near an explosion, the blast can 'liquefy' a saturated soil creating a quicksand-like condition for a period of time. We extrapolate the nuclear effects experience to a Chicago-based scenario. We consider the TARP (Tunnel and Reservoir Project) and subway system and the underground lifeline (electric, gas, water, etc) system and provide guidance for planning this scenario.

  12. Hey, Small Spender: An Insider's Guide to Navigating ALA's Chicago Conference on the Cheap

    Science.gov (United States)

    School Library Journal, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an insider's guide to navigating the American Library Association's (ALA) annual conference in Chicago on July 9-15. As for the extracurricular activities, Chicago has a lot to offer. This article provides tips from the arts and entertainment bible "Time Out Chicago" on where to go and what to do (on a limited…

  13. School-Based Management and Arts Education: Lessons from Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, Kate R.

    2012-01-01

    School-based management, or local school control, is an organizational school reform effort aimed at decentralizing school decision-making that has become prevalent in districts throughout the United States. Using the groundbreaking Chicago system of local school control as an exemplar, this article outlines the implications of such reform efforts…

  14. 75 FR 57376 - Modification of Class B Airspace; Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... before making a determination on the final rule. An analysis of the comments received and the FAA's... will become compounded as the Chicago TRACON begins conducting ``quad'' operations. The procedures for controlling quad approaches are in the early planning stages. Sixty commenters stated that a floor of...

  15. Participation in High Energy Physics at the University of Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinec, Emil J. [University of Chicago

    2013-06-27

    This report covers research at the University of Chicago in theoretical high energy physics and its connections to cosmology, over the period Nov. 1, 2009 to April 30, 2013. This research is divided broadly into two tasks: Task A, which covers a broad array of topics in high energy physics; and task C, primarily concerned with cosmology.

  16. Making Health Easier: Healthy Schools in Chicago, IL PSA (:60)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-05-21

    To help Chicago schools increase access to healthy food, Health Educator April Lillstrom utilized community partnerships to provide school gardens, salad bars, and nutrition education to students.  Created: 5/21/2013 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 5/21/2013.

  17. Creating Chicago History: Making Outreach Craft Activities Meaningful

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karp, Madeline

    2012-01-01

    When it comes to having a traveling outreach activity for a museum, a craft can seem like the perfect solution. It can seemingly be all things at once--educational, quick and fun. But, if poorly constructed, crafts can also have serious fallbacks. Using the Chicago History Museum and the Millennium Park Family Fun Festival as a case study, this…

  18. Class and Pedagogy: A Case Study of Two Chicago Preschools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders-Smith, Stephanie C.

    2015-01-01

    Using a Bernsteinian theoretical framework, this study compares two American early childhood centres, one with a primarily progressive pedagogy (Frank Lloyd Wright Family Centre) and one with a primarily traditional pedagogy (Casimir Pulaski Centre), in high-poverty Chicago neighbourhoods to examine the effects of different pedagogic practices on…

  19. Heaven on Earth: Swedenborgian Correspondences in the Plan of Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristen Schaffer

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Daniel Hudson Burnham, the Chicago architect and city planner, is recognized for his work on the development of American tall office building; for the construction of World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893; and for his city plans for Washington, D.C., Cleveland, San Francisco, and Chicago. He is also remembered for the quote “Make no little plans.” What is not recalled is his Swedenborgian faith nor how it influenced his work. Emanuel Swedenborg was a Swedish scientist and engineer who, beginning in the mid 1730s, underwent a spiritual awakening. The focus of his work changed to the mystical aspects of human experience. He believed that all Christian churches were dead and in need of revitalization and the key to revitalization was to be found in a new interpretation of scripture. His followers founded the Church of the New Jerusalem, sometimes referred to as the New Church or the Swedenborgian Church.

  20. Skyscrapers and Skylines: New York and Chicago, 1885-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Jason Barr

    2011-01-01

    This paper compares and contrasts the determinants of the market for skyscrapers in Chicago and New York from 1885 to 2007, using annual time series data. I estimate the factors that determine both the number of skyscraper completions and the height of the tallest building completed each year in the two cities. I find that each city responds differently to the same economic fundamentals. Also, regressions test for and find the presence of strategic interaction across the two cities. I also es...

  1. Enno Toomsalu 30 aastat Chicago Eesti Maja president / Endel Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Endel

    2006-01-01

    1976. aastast Eesti Maja juhtinud Enno on kujundanud selle "väikeseks Eestiks", kus on korraldatud palju kultuuriüritusi. 19. märtsi koosolekul andis ta ameti nooremale, samas valiti ta Chicago Eesti Maja auliikmeks. Akadeemiliselt kuulub ta Korp! Frat. Estica´sse, teda on autasustatud korporatsiooni Kuldmärgiga teenete eest eestlusele ja Valgetähe 4. järgu ordeniga

  2. Chicago's water market: Dynamics of demand, prices and scarcity rents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipe, V.C.; Bhagwat, S.B.

    2002-01-01

    Chicago and its suburbs are experiencing an increasing demand for water from a growing population and economy and may experience water scarcity in the near future. The Chicago metropolitan area has nearly depleted its groundwater resources to a point where interstate conflicts with Wisconsin could accompany an increased reliance on those sources. Further, the withdrawals from Lake Michigan is limited by the Supreme Court decree. The growing demand and indications of possible scarcity suggest a need to reexamine the pricing policies and the dynamics of demand. The study analyses the demand for water and develops estimates of scarcity rents for water in Chicago. The price and income elasticities computed at the means are -0.002 and 0.0002 respectively. The estimated scarcity rents ranges from $0.98 to $1.17 per thousand gallons. The results indicate that the current prices do not fully account for the scarcity rents and suggest a current rate with in the range $1.53 to $1.72 per thousand gallons.

  3. Getting to the CORE of the Chicago Teachers’ Union Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Brogan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article draws on a comparative study of urban change and rank-and-file teacher rebellion in New York City and Chicago, to explore the contemporary dynamics of what Jamie Peck (2013 calls “austerity urbanism” and its relationship to a rebirth of a social justice, grassroots teacher unionism in US urban centres. Tracing the trajectories of one group of rank-and-file teacher dissidents in Chicago, it argues that municipal unions are uniquely situated to lead the fight against austerity urbanism and the crisis tendencies of contemporary capitalism. To do this, however, trade unions will need to be reinvented and a different form of working class politic forged, grounded both in and outside of the trade union movement. Only then may we see organized labour in North America contribute to a movement for radical and systemic change, which is key to building a more socially just urbanism and society more broadly. The case of the Chicago teachers is highly instructive for activists, both inside and outside of the North American labour movement.

  4. Anni di formazione nella Chicago d'un tempo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyman P. Minsky

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Articolo originariamente pubblicato in Moneta e Credito, vol. 39, n. 153, marzo 1982, pp. 3-14.Tra il 1937 e il 1942 l’Università di Chicago era un ottimo posto dove cominciare a diventare un economista. Gli economisti dell’Università coprivano un ampio spettro di pensiero; non c’era nessuna scuola di Chicago predominante. L’accento sul rigore intellettuale e sulla serietà era unito a una definizione ampia della materia di studio. Tra i più importanti docenti solo Lange, e forse Douglas, avevano simpatia per le idee di Keynes; ciò però era forse dovuto alla precedente accettazione, da parte degli altri docenti, della necessità di una politica fiscale fortemente espansiva durante la depressione. Avendo raggiunto conclusioni “keynesiane” sulla politica economica semplicemente osservando l’economia, gli economisti ortodossi di Chicago non sentivano la necessità di rivoluzionare la teoria economica.  JEL Codes: B31Keywords: Hyman Minsky, biography, retrospective

  5. From Accountability to Privatization and African American Exclusion: Chicago's "Renaissance 2010"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Pauline; Haines, Nathan

    2007-01-01

    This article analyzes Chicago's new Renaissance 2010 school plan to close public schools and reopen them as choice and charter schools. Grounding the analysis in participatory research methods, the authors argue that Chicago's education accountability policies have laid the groundwork for privatization. They furthermore argue that Renaissance 2010…

  6. Neoliberalism and the Politics of Disposability: Education, Urbanization, and Displacement in the New Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Means, Alex

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes the relationship between neoliberalism and school restructuring in Chicago. I provide an account of the ideological foundation of neoliberal education policies as well as an account of their development and implementation in the city. Additionally, I analyze Chicago's newest education agenda, Renaissance 2010. Passed into law…

  7. Charting Chicago School Reform: Democratic Localism as a Lever for Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryk, Anthony S.; Sebring, Penny Bender; Kerbow, David; Rollow, Sharon; Easton, John Q.

    In 1989, Chicago (Illinois) Public Schools began an experiment with the radical decentralization of power and authority. This book tells the story of what happened in Chicago's elementary schools in the first four years of this reform. Implicit in the reform was the theory that expanded local democratic participation would stimulate organizational…

  8. At University of Chicago, Dispute over Friedman Center Continues to Simmer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, David

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on the dispute about the creation of an institute named for the late economist and free-market advocate Milton Friedman at the University of Chicago. Five months after the University of Chicago announced plans to invest $200-million in an economics institute named for the late Milton Friedman, the project is still generating…

  9. After City of Chicago v. Jesus Morales: A Resource Guide for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrini, Michelle

    This resource guide is intended to help teachers lead their students through an exploration of the issues and story of "After Chicago v. Morales." The guide explains that in 1992 the city of Chicago (Illinois) passed an ordinance authorizing the police to arrest people in a group if they failed to move along or were thought to belong to…

  10. Chicago Indians: The Effects of Urban Migration. The National Study of American Indian Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neog, Prafulla; And Others

    This study reviews the characteristics and service activities of all clients of the St. Augustine's Center for American Indians in Chicago in 1968 and compares them with the clients of 1967. This center focused its attention upon intensive counseling, emergency assistance, and referrals of Indian American in Chicago, or other urban settings. Data…

  11. Fighting for the "Right to the City": Examining Spatial Injustice in Chicago Public School Closings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Carl A.; Floch Arcello, Anna; Konrad, Annika M.; Swenson, Mary C.

    2014-01-01

    This article uses Chicago public school closings as a case study for the rise of mayoral control and the decline of democratic participation -- two common responses to stiff competition from global markets -- in urban public schools in the United States. In response to the 2013 Chicago decision to close 50 schools and move 30,000 students, this…

  12. 40 CFR 81.14 - Metropolitan Chicago Interstate Air Quality Control Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Quality Control Region. 81.14 Section 81.14 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... Air Quality Control Regions § 81.14 Metropolitan Chicago Interstate Air Quality Control Region. The Metropolitan Chicago Interstate Air Quality Control Region (Illinois-Indiana) is revised to consist of...

  13. Chicago EMBA:Learn How to Think not What to Think

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Yun

    2005-01-01

    @@ As far as I know, University of Chicago is the first to set EMBA program and ranking top 10among all universities in the world.Could you briefly introduce us the features of EMBA program of University of Chicago Asia in aspects of faculty, courses, internship and career placement?

  14. 33 CFR 100.909 - Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race; Chicago, IL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race; Chicago, IL. 100.909 Section 100.909 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Chinatown Chamber of Commerce Dragon Boat Race; Chicago, IL. (a) Regulated Area. All waters of the...

  15. Second-Generation Effects of Chicago's Gautreaux Residential Mobility Program on Children's Participation in Crime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keels, Micere

    2008-01-01

    Data from the Gautreaux residential mobility program, which relocated low-income African American families from high poverty, segregated inner-city, Chicago neighborhoods into mostly European American, suburban neighborhoods, and mostly European American or mostly African American neighborhoods within Chicago, are used to assess whether children's…

  16. Chicago Business Leadership and School Reform. Supporting Leaders for Tomorrow, Occasional Paper #3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednarik, David

    Chicago's city leaders, unlike other city leaders, are going after fundamental and radical restructuring of the nation's third largest school system, but have found that it is hard to achieve. This paper provides a snapshot of the growing political involvement of Chicago's business leadership with the city's troubled school system. The need for…

  17. 75 FR 435 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL AGENCY... of human remains in the possession of the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL. The human... remains was made by Field Museum of Natural History professional staff in consultation...

  18. 77 FR 65896 - Award of a Single-Source Replacement Grant to SOS Children's Villages Illinois in Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ... SOS Children's Villages Illinois in Chicago, IL AGENCY: Family and Youth Services Bureau, ACYF, ACF... grant to SOS Children's Villages Illinois in Chicago, IL. SUMMARY: The Family and Youth Services Bureau... Chicago, Inc. submitted a letter relinquishing their grant. ACYF/FYSB has designated SOS...

  19. 76 FR 2829 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  20. 75 FR 64147 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  1. 78 FR 36091 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  2. 77 FR 25595 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  3. 76 FR 65609 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago, IL AGENCY: Coast... of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River,...

  4. 76 FR 78161 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  5. 75 FR 73966 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  6. 77 FR 35854 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  7. 78 FR 40635 - Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-08

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  8. 76 FR 63199 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... No. USCG-2011-0228] Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago, IL... enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des...

  9. 75 FR 64673 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and, Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and, Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  10. 76 FR 35106 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ...; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal... Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake...

  11. 78 FR 36092 - Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  12. 75 FR 52462 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-26

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  13. 77 FR 20295 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel, Chicago... will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including...

  14. Research into practice: postsecondary success in the Chicago Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, David W; Moeller, Eliza; Holsapple, Mathew

    2013-01-01

    In this chapter, the authors describe nearly a decade of research examining postsecondary outcomes of students in the Chicago Public Schools conducted by the Consortium on Chicago School Research (CCSR). These analyses include both long-term trends in college going and findings on the dimensions of students' postsecondary transition experiences that shape those outcomes. The authors describe the evolution of research at CCSR, which emphasizes a specific type of partnership between researchers, district officials, and practitioners that builds the capacity of practitioners and district officials to think critically about big problems and utilize data to inform decision-making and evaluation. In addition to describing these findings, the authors discuss the development and operation of the Network for College Success, a research-based, integrated and intensive support for school improvement to principals, their instructional leadership teams, grade level teams, and counselors. The authors describe how NCS builds the capacity of school leaders to work together and to use data to improve practice in the postsecondary transition. Finally, the authors discuss ongoing challenges and new directions for ongoing and future research.

  15. Neoliberal pharmaceutical science and the Chicago School of Economics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nik-Khah, Edward

    2014-08-01

    In recent years, science studies scholars have critically examined several methods used by the pharmaceutical industry to exert control over knowledge about drugs. Complementary literatures on 'medical neoliberalism' and 'neoliberal science' draw attention to the economic ideas justifying such methods of organizing knowledge, and in so doing suggest that neoliberal thinkers may play an important role in developing them. As yet, the nature of this role remains unexplored. Relying on heretofore-unexamined archival evidence, this article establishes a direct link between the Chicago School of Economics and the mobilization of the pharmaceutical industry in the 1970s. It argues that economists affiliated with the Chicago School of Economics sought to influence pharmaceutical policy and science and constructed institutions to do so. These institutions--most notably the Center for the Study of Drug Development--remain highly influential. This article contributes to a historical understanding of how neoliberal ideas came to assume prominence in pharmaceutical policy, the management of science, and scientific practice.

  16. Hepatitis B Stigma and Knowledge among Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lan Dam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Stigma regarding viral hepatitis and liver disease has psychological and social consequences including causing negative self-image, disrupting relationships, and providing a barrier to prevention, testing, and treatment. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare HBV knowledge and stigma in Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago and to begin to evaluate the cultural context of HBV stigma. Methods. A written survey including knowledge questions and a validated HBV stigma questionnaire was distributed to Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago. 842 surveys from Ho Chi Minh City and 170 from Chicago were analyzed. Results. Vietnamese living in Chicago had better understanding of HBV transmission and that HBV can cause chronic infection and liver cancer. Vietnamese in Chicago had higher stigma scores on a broad range of items including guilt and shame about HBV and were more likely to feel that persons with HBV can bring harm to others and should be isolated. Conclusions. Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago have knowledge deficits about HBV, particularly regarding modes of transmission. Persons in Ho Chi Minh City expressed lower levels of HBV stigma than Vietnamese living in Chicago, likely reflecting changing cultural attitudes in Vietnam. Culturally appropriate educational initiatives are needed to address the problem of HBV stigma.

  17. Hepatitis B Stigma and Knowledge among Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dam, Lan; Cheng, Anita; Tran, Phuong; Wong, Shirley S.; Hershow, Ronald; Cotler, Sheldon

    2016-01-01

    Stigma regarding viral hepatitis and liver disease has psychological and social consequences including causing negative self-image, disrupting relationships, and providing a barrier to prevention, testing, and treatment. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare HBV knowledge and stigma in Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago and to begin to evaluate the cultural context of HBV stigma. Methods. A written survey including knowledge questions and a validated HBV stigma questionnaire was distributed to Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago. 842 surveys from Ho Chi Minh City and 170 from Chicago were analyzed. Results. Vietnamese living in Chicago had better understanding of HBV transmission and that HBV can cause chronic infection and liver cancer. Vietnamese in Chicago had higher stigma scores on a broad range of items including guilt and shame about HBV and were more likely to feel that persons with HBV can bring harm to others and should be isolated. Conclusions. Vietnamese in Ho Chi Minh City and Chicago have knowledge deficits about HBV, particularly regarding modes of transmission. Persons in Ho Chi Minh City expressed lower levels of HBV stigma than Vietnamese living in Chicago, likely reflecting changing cultural attitudes in Vietnam. Culturally appropriate educational initiatives are needed to address the problem of HBV stigma. PMID:28101498

  18. DOE-1: users guide. [Single-story building in Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-01-01

    DOE-1 is a public-domain computer program that allows users to explore the energy behavior of proposed and existing buildings and their associated heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems. Incorporating mathematical models and utilizing hourly weather data, DOE-1 calculates the hour-by-hour performance and response of a building whose description has been provided by the user. In addition, DOE-1 can produce an economic analysis of the energy use and the costs and benefits of making alternation in design. DOE-1 is intended to be used by architects, engineers, and others concerned with the energy analysis of buildings and with the consequent economic implications. The source program is available from NESC and DOE-1 can be run in this manner on any CDC computer. The Users Guide example is a single-story office building located in Chicago.

  19. "Something good can grow here": chicago urban agriculture food projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatchett, Lena; Brown, Loretta; Hopkins, Joan; Larsen, Kelly; Fournier, Eliza

    2015-01-01

    Food security is a challenge facing many African-American low-income communities nationally. Community and university partners have established urban agriculture programs to improve access to high quality affordable fruits and vegetables by growing, distributing, and selling food in urban neighborhoods. While the challenge of food security is within communities of color, few studies have described these urban agriculture programs and documented their impact on the crew members who work in the programs and live in the low-income communities. More information is needed on the program impact for crew and community health promotion. Using a survey and focus group discussion from the crew and staff we describe the program and activities of four Chicago Urban Agriculture programs. We summarized the impact these programs have on crew members' perception of urban agriculture, health habits, community engagement, and community health promotion in low-income African-American neighborhoods.

  20. Chicago's Renaissance 2010: Building on School Reform in the Age of Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Arne

    2006-01-01

    In response to Mr. Ayers and Mr. Klonsky, Mr. Duncan argues that Chicago's Renaissance 2010 initiative is holding adults accountable by closing low-performing schools rather than trapping children in a failing educational environment.

  1. 75 FR 64393 - Approval of Noise Compatibility Program for Chicago Executive Airport, Prospect Heights and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Approval of Noise Compatibility Program for Chicago Executive Airport, Prospect Heights and Wheeling, IL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice....

  2. Navigation Effects on Asian Carp Movement Past Electric Barrier, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    The potential migration of Asian carp through the Illinois River, Des Plaines River, and Chicago Area Waterway System (CAWS) is one risk facing the...The potential migration of Asian carp through the Illinois River, Des Plaines River, and Chicago Area Waterway System (CAWS) is one severe risk...ecological risk to U.S. waters. They are voracious eaters, and thus are in direct competition with native planktivores, juvenile fishes, and mussels

  3. Density currents in the Chicago River: Characterization, effects on water quality, and potential sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, P. Ryan; Garcia, Carlos M.; Oberg, Kevin A.; Johnson, Kevin K.; Garcia, Marcelo H.

    2008-01-01

    Bidirectional flows in a river system can occur under stratified flow conditions and in addition to creating significant errors in discharge estimates, the upstream propagating currents are capable of transporting contaminants and affecting water quality. Detailed field observations of bidirectional flows were made in the Chicago River in Chicago, Illinois in the winter of 2005-06. Using multiple acoustic Doppler current profilers simultaneously with a water-quality profiler, the formation of upstream propagating density currents within the Chicago River both as an underflow and an overflow was observed on three occasions. Density differences driving the flow primarily arise from salinity differences between intersecting branches of the Chicago River, whereas water temperature is secondary in the creation of these currents. Deicing salts appear to be the primary source of salinity in the North Branch of the Chicago River, entering the waterway through direct runoff and effluent from a wastewater-treatment plant in a large metropolitan area primarily served by combined sewers. Water-quality assessments of the Chicago River may underestimate (or overestimate) the impairment of the river because standard water-quality monitoring practices do not account for density-driven underflows (or overflows). Chloride concentrations near the riverbed can significantly exceed concentrations at the river surface during underflows indicating that full-depth parameter profiles are necessary for accurate water-quality assessments in urban environments where application of deicing salt is common.

  4. Not Just Punishment: Discipline in Schools That Work. A Handbook for Chicago Parents = No Solamente Castigo: Disciplina en Escuelas Efectivas. Un Folleto para los Padres de Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alternative School Network, Chicago, IL.

    This bilingual handbook, in English and Spanish on facing pages, is intended to provide general information to Chicago (Illinois) public school parents about school discipline. After two brief introductory chapters that set forth the scope of the issue, the third chapter provides the following general guidelines for discipline programs in…

  5. Health department use of social media to identify foodborne illness - Chicago, Illinois, 2013-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Jenine K; Mansour, Raed; Choucair, Bechara; Olson, Joe; Nissen, Cory; Bhatt, Jay

    2014-08-15

    An estimated 55 million to 105 million persons in the United States experience acute gastroenteritis caused by foodborne illness each year, resulting in costs of $2-$4 billion annually. Many persons do not seek treatment, resulting in underreporting of the actual number of cases and cost of the illnesses. To prevent foodborne illness, local health departments nationwide license and inspect restaurants and track and respond to foodborne illness complaints. New technology might allow health departments to engage with the public to improve foodborne illness surveillance. For example, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene examined restaurant reviews from an online review website to identify foodborne illness complaints. On March 23, 2013, the Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH) and its civic partners launched FoodBorne Chicago, a website (https://www.foodbornechicago.org) aimed at improving food safety in Chicago by identifying and responding to complaints on Twitter about possible foodborne illnesses. In 10 months, project staff members responded to 270 Twitter messages (tweets) and provided links to the FoodBorne Chicago complaint form. A total of 193 complaints of possible foodborne illness were submitted through FoodBorne Chicago, and 133 restaurants in the city were inspected. Inspection reports indicated 21 (15.8%) restaurants failed inspection, and 33 (24.8%) passed with conditions indicating critical or serious violations. Eight tweets and 19 complaint forms to FoodBorne Chicago described seeking medical treatment. Collaboration between public health professionals and the public via social media might improve foodborne illness surveillance and response. CDPH is working to disseminate FoodBorne Chicago via freely available open source software.

  6. Levels of Acculturation of Chinese Older Adults in the Greater Chicago Area - The Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, XinQi; Bergren, Stephanie M; Chang, E-Shien

    2015-09-01

    Acculturation is a difficult process for minority older adults for a variety of reasons, including access and exposure to mainstream culture, competing ethnic identities, and linguistic ability and preference. There is a paucity of research regarding overall level of acculturation for Chinese older adults in the United States. This study aimed to provide an overall estimate of level of acculturation of Chinese older adults in the United States and to examine correlations between sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported health measures, and level of acculturation. Data were collected through the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE) study. This community-based participatory research study surveyed 3,159 Chinese older adults aged 60 and older. The PINE Study Acculturation Scale was used to assess level of acculturation in three dimensions: language preference, media use, and ethnic social relations. Mean acculturation level for all items was 15.3 ± 5.1, indicating low levels of acculturation. Older age, more offspring, lower income, fewer years living in the United States, lower overall health status, and lower quality of life were associated with lower levels of acculturation. Level of acculturation was low in Chinese older adults, and certain subsets of the population were more likely to have a lower level of acculturation. Future research should investigate causality and effects of level of acculturation.

  7. Review of The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers by Jane E. Miller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil Lutsky

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Miller, J. E. 2004. The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 304 pp. Cloth $45 ISBN: 9780226526300, Softcover $17. ISBN: 9780226526317.The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers is a reference work suitable for anyone interested in understanding, using, or promoting quantitative thinking. Its primary aim is to identify and illustrate ways in which information associated with numbers can be conveyed most effectively given a particular communication purpose and context. The book is directed at writers who incorporate numbers in verbal or visual displays in documents, in oral presentations, or on the Web. The Chicago Guide to Writing about Numbers identifies overarching principles, offers concrete advice, and presents illuminating examples and models. The book can be used for instructional purposes for undergraduates, and a means of doing so is described. The review concludes by considering the book’s contributions to a wider call to help citizens write or argue more effectively by using numbers.

  8. Keighren, Innes M., Charles W.J. Withers, Bill Bell. Travels into Print: Exploration, Writing, and publishing with John Murray, 1773-1859 (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasper Schelstraete

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A review of Innes M. Keighren, Charles W.J. Withers, Bill Bell's Travels into Print: Exploration, Writing, and publishing with John Murray, 1773-1859. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015. 392 pp. $45.

  9. Migration of patients between five urban teaching hospitals in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galanter, William L; Applebaum, Andrew; Boddipalli, Viveka; Kho, Abel; Lin, Michael; Meltzer, David; Roberts, Anna; Trick, Bill; Walton, Surrey M; Lambert, Bruce L

    2013-04-01

    To quantify the extent of patient sharing and inpatient care fragmentation among patients discharged from a cohort of Chicago hospitals. Admission and discharge dates and patient ZIP codes from 5 hospitals over 2 years were matched with an encryption algorithm. Admission to more than one hospital was considered fragmented care. The association between fragmentation and socio-economic variables using ZIP-code data from the 2000 US Census was measured. Using validation from one hospital, patient matching using encrypted identifiers had a sensitivity of 99.3 % and specificity of 100 %. The cohort contained 228,151 unique patients and 334,828 admissions. Roughly 2 % of the patients received fragmented care, accounting for 5.8 % of admissions and 6.4 % of hospital days. In 3 of 5 hospitals, and overall, the length of stay of patients with fragmented care was longer than those without. Fragmentation varied by hospital and was associated with the proportion of non-Caucasian persons, the proportion of residents whose income fell in the lowest quartile, and the proportion of residents with more children being raised by mothers alone in the zip code of the patient. Patients receiving fragmented care accounted for 6.4 % of hospital days. This percentage is a low estimate for our region, since not all regional hospitals participated, but high enough to suggest value in creating Health Information Exchange. Fragmentation varied by hospital, per capita income, race and proportion of single mother homes. This secure methodology and fragmentation analysis may prove useful for future analyses.

  10. 77 FR 60044 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel... Guard will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan...

  11. 75 FR 26094 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel...: The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone from Brandon Road Lock and Dam to...

  12. 78 FR 17099 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel... Guard will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan...

  13. 77 FR 65478 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel... Guard will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan...

  14. 78 FR 49684 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel... Guard will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan...

  15. 78 FR 65874 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel... Guard will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan...

  16. 78 FR 4071 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel... Guard will enforce a segment of the Safety Zone; Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan...

  17. 76 FR 23524 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan Including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River, and Calumet-Saganashkee Channel... proposes to establish a permanent safety zone from Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan....

  18. 75 FR 70691 - World Color Mt. Morris, IL LLC, Premedia Chicago Division, Currently Known as Quad/Graphics, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... Employment and Training Administration World Color Mt. Morris, IL LLC, Premedia Chicago Division, Currently..., applicable to workers of World Color Mt. Morris, IL LLC, Premedia Chicago Division, including on-site leased.... New information shows that on July 2, 2010, World Color Mt. Morris, IL LLC was purchased by...

  19. Chicago neoliberalism versus Cowles planning: perspectives on patents and public goods in Cold War economic thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Horn, Robert; Klaes, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    In post-Sputnik America, when many policymakers and social scientists feared the Soviet Union had a technological advantage over the United States, assessing the relative importance of patents for inventive activity and examining whether scientific research constituted a public good were paramount concerns. The neoliberals of the University of Chicago and the planners of the Cowles Commission both spoke to these issues. This paper sheds light on their views on patents and public goods in the late 1950s and early 1960s by examining representatives of Cowles and Chicago, Kenneth Arrow and Ronald Coase, respectively. Furthermore, it evaluates whether their views on patents and public goods clashed with the interests of RAND, at which both Arrow and Coase worked at some point during this time period. The paper argues that the Chicago-neoliberal position of Coase undermined the interests of RAND, while the Cowles-planning conclusions of Arrow furthered those interests.

  20. CHiCAGO: robust detection of DNA looping interactions in Capture Hi-C data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cairns, Jonathan; Freire-Pritchett, Paula; Wingett, Steven W; Várnai, Csilla; Dimond, Andrew; Plagnol, Vincent; Zerbino, Daniel; Schoenfelder, Stefan; Javierre, Biola-Maria; Osborne, Cameron; Fraser, Peter; Spivakov, Mikhail

    2016-06-15

    Capture Hi-C (CHi-C) is a method for profiling chromosomal interactions involving targeted regions of interest, such as gene promoters, globally and at high resolution. Signal detection in CHi-C data involves a number of statistical challenges that are not observed when using other Hi-C-like techniques. We present a background model and algorithms for normalisation and multiple testing that are specifically adapted to CHi-C experiments. We implement these procedures in CHiCAGO ( http://regulatorygenomicsgroup.org/chicago ), an open-source package for robust interaction detection in CHi-C. We validate CHiCAGO by showing that promoter-interacting regions detected with this method are enriched for regulatory features and disease-associated SNPs.

  1. Delivering health information services and technologies to urban community health centers: the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, E R; McDaniels, C; Crespo, J; Lanier, D

    1997-10-01

    Health professionals cannot address public health issues effectively unless they have immediate access to current biomedical information. This paper reports on one mode of access, the Chicago AIDS Outreach Project, which was supported by the National Library of Medicine through outreach awards in 1995 and 1996. The three-year project is an effort to link the programs and services of the University of Illinois at Chicago Library of the Health Sciences and the Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center with the clinic services of community-based organizations in Chicago. The project was designed to provide electronic access to AIDS-related information for AIDS patients, the affected community, and their care givers. The project also provided Internet access and training and continued access to library resources. The successful initiative suggests a working model for outreach to health professionals in an urban setting.

  2. Report of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Scientific Sessions 2016, Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mano, Toshiaki; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro

    2016-05-25

    The 65(th)Annual Scientific Sessions of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) were held at McCormick Place, Chicago, from April 2-4, 2016. The ACC Scientific Sessions are one of the 2 major scientific cardiology meetings in the USA and one of the major scientific meetings of cardiology in the world. It had an attendance of 18,769 and over 2,000 oral and poster abstracts, including 8 late-breaking clinical trials. This report presents the key presentations and the highlights from the ACC Scientific Sessions 2016 in Chicago. (Circ J 2016; 80: 1308-1313).

  3. La Escuela de Chicago y la teoría de la comedia

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    La Universidad de Chicago reunió, a partir de la década de 1930, a un grupo de teóricos y críticos literarios interesados fundamentalmente por el estudio lingüístico-inmanentista de la Literatura. Frente al formalismo de los “new critics” norteamericanos, el de los miembros de la llamada Escuela de Chicago se caracterizó por constituir un formalismo revisado y ampliado sobre la base del pensamiento poético de Aristóteles, al ver en su Poética un modelo teórico-metodológico imprescindible para...

  4. 77 FR 48580 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Granting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Granting... transactions (``Pilot Program'') which, practically, allows FLEX Option trades to be initiated at levels as low... institutional and high net worth customers, rather than retail investors.\\18\\ In approving the Pilot...

  5. 78 FR 28666 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... Trading Permit Holders (``TPHs'') to create and maintain a Business Continuity Plan (``BCP''). The text of... ) * * * * * Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated Rules * * * * * Rule 4.3. Business Continuity Plans (a) Each TPH must create and maintain a written business continuity plan identifying procedures relating to...

  6. 78 FR 34130 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: The Field Museum, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-06

    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: The Field Museum, Chicago, IL AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Field Museum, in consultation with the... these cultural items should submit a written request to the Field Museum. If no additional...

  7. Chicago's Renaissance 2010: The Small Schools Movement Meets the Ownership Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayers, William; Klonsky, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Would-be reformers need to beware of those who would co-opt the language of reform to undermine its ideals. Mr. Ayers and Mr. Klonsky examine how Chicago's Renaissance 2010 initiative has used the terms of the small schools movement to promote privatization and the erosion of public space. (Contains 5 endnotes.)

  8. Beats on the Table: Beat Writing in the Chicago Review and Big Table

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaap van der Bent

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false NL X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Kleine literaire tijdschriften, zogenaamde little magazines, hebben een belangrijke rol gespeeld bij de doorbraak, in de loop van de jaren vijftig, van de Amerikaanse Beat Generation. Aangezien grotere uitgeverijen en de gevestigde tijdschriften lange tijd terugschrokken voor de zowel inhoudelijk als formeel van de norm afwijkende uitingen van de Beats, verscheen hun werk aanvankelijk vooral in kleinere tijdschriften als de twee waaraan in dit artikel aandacht wordt besteed: de Chicago Review en Big Table. Aan de hand van een beschrijving van de inhoud van deze twee tijdschriften wordt geprobeerd duidelijk te maken hoe het werk van de Beat Generation zich in deze tijdschriften gaandeweg een eigen plaats verwierf. Speciale aandacht wordt besteed aan de rol van de redacteuren Irving Rosenthal en Paul Carroll; door zijn uitgekiende strategie om voor het omstreden werk van Beat-auteur William S. Burroughs geleidelijk een steeds grotere plaats in te ruimen, bepaalde vooral Rosenthal het veranderende karakter van de Chicago Review. De veranderingen bij dat tijdschrift verliepen niet zonder slag of stoot en waren voor de eigenaar ervan, de University of Chicago, op een gegeven moment aanleiding om de Chicago Review aan censuur te onderwerpen. Ook deze censuur en de reactie erop, de oprichting van Big Table, worden in het artikel belicht.

  9. "American" Abjection: "Chicanos," Gangs, and Mexican/Migrant Transnationality in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Genova, Nicholas

    2008-01-01

    Crime and street violence often evoke racialized discourses about urban space. In this ethnographic research in Chicago, however, the disdain that many Mexican migrants articulated about street gangs principally concerned issues "internal" to the Mexican/Chicano community, notably a profound ambivalence about U.S.-born Mexicans and a highly…

  10. The Development and Implementation of the Chicago Public Schools Emergency EpiPen® Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zadikoff, Emily H.; Whyte, Stephanie A.; DeSantiago-Cardenas, Lilliana; Harvey-Gintoft, Blair; Gupta, Ruchi S.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Food allergy affects 1 in 13 children, or 2 children per classroom. Food allergies are the leading cause of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that can result in death. In fact, 25% of first-time anaphylactic reactions among children occur in school. To address this, the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) Office of Student Health and…

  11. Decision-Making Chicago-Style: The Genesis of a University of Illinois Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, George

    Major decisions made by public institutions that resulted in the location of a permanent campus of the University of Illinois first within the Chicago area and then at a particular site are examined. The decision-making process is examined from economic, social, and political stances. The respective roles played in the process by the university,…

  12. Psychiatric Disorders and Substance Use in Homeless Youth: A Preliminary Comparison of San Francisco and Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernika G. Quimby

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Youth homelessness is a growing problem in the United States. The experience of homelessness appears to have numerous adverse consequences, including psychiatric and substance use disorders. This study compared the frequencies of psychiatric disorders, including substance use, between homeless youth (18–24 years-old in San Francisco (N = 31 and Chicago (N = 56. Subjects were administered the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I. to assess DSM-IV-TR diagnoses and substance use disorders. Eighty-seven percent of the San Francisco youth, and 81% of the Chicago youth met criteria for at least one M.I.N.I. psychiatric diagnosis. Nearly two-thirds of the youth in both samples met criteria for a mood disorder. Approximately one-third met criteria for an anxiety disorder. Thirty-two percent of the San Francisco sample and 18% of the Chicago met criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder. Approximately 84% of the San Francisco youth and 48% of the Chicago youth met criteria for a substance-related disorder, and more substances were used by San Francisco youth. In conclusion, the high rate of psychiatric disorders in homeless youth provides clear evidence that the mental health needs of this population are significant. Implications are discussed.

  13. Metropolitan Regions--New Geographies of Inequality in Education: The Chicago Metroregion Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Pauline

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the changing nature of metroregions and their schools. It discusses the influence of global neo-liberalism and resistance on processes of social differentiation through case studies of Chicago metroregion communities and schools. Using spatial theory, the paper argues that while the restructuring of metroregions creates…

  14. The Other "Real World": Gentrification and the Social Construction of Place in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Gina M.

    2002-01-01

    Explores competing constructions and understandings of the gentrifying neighborhoods on Chicago's near northwest side, noting how Puerto Rican youth are implicated in these changes. Explores contradictory images of neighborhoods, residents' responses to these changes, and various linguistic attempts to refashion new ethno-racial designations in…

  15. On the role of the Michelson–Morley experiment: Einstein in Chicago

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dongen, J.A.E.F.

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses new material, published in volume 12 of the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, that addresses Einstein’s knowledge of the Michelson–Morley experiment prior to 1905: in a lecture in Chicago in 1921, Einstein referred to the experiment, mentioned when he came upon it and hinte

  16. 78 FR 9975 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Extend the Individual Stock Trading Pause Pilot Program February 6, 2013. Pursuant...

  17. Vida/SIDA: A Grassroots Response to AIDS in Chicago's Puerto Rican Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanabria, Roberto

    2004-01-01

    Chicago's Puerto Rican community in West Town had a unique reaction to the spread of AIDS within its limits. They created their own institutions and tackled the epidemic themselves. In its infancy, Vida/SIDA, which translates as Life/AIDS, was solely an alternative health clinic for people with AIDS. Free of charge, it provided services such as…

  18. Higher Education And Economic Growth. Chicago Fed Letter. Number 222a

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattoon, Richard H.

    2006-01-01

    The future of higher education and its relationship to economic growth were the focus of a one-day conference at the Chicago Fed on November 2, 2005. Cosponsored by the bank, the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, and the Midwestern Higher Education Compact, the event brought together over 100 academic, business, and government leaders.…

  19. Development of a Performance Appraisal Training Program for the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Deborah Kilgore

    2004-01-01

    "Nobody wants to get one. Nobody wants to give one." The problem was that the supervisors and managers of the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC) did not know how to use the Institute's new performance management system and had not been trained on how to prepare and deliver effective performance appraisals. The problem further…

  20. The Chicago Handbook for Teachers: A Practical Guide to the College Classroom. Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkley, Alan; El-Fakahany, Esam; Dessants, Betty; Flamm, Michael; Forcey, Charles B., Jr.; Ouellett, Mathew L.; Rothschild, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Those who teach college students have extensive training in their disciplines, but unlike their counterparts at the high school or elementary school level, they often have surprisingly little instruction in the craft of teaching itself. "The Chicago Handbook for Teachers, Second Edition", is an extraordinarily helpful guide for anyone facing the…

  1. Contesting the City: Neoliberal Urbanism and the Cultural Politics of Education Reform in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the intertwining of neoliberal urbanism and education policy in Chicago. Drawing on critical studies in geography, urban sociology and anthropology, education policy, and critical analyses of race, the author argues that education is constitutive of material and ideological processes of neoliberal restructuring, its…

  2. 76 FR 2160 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Clarify Reciprocal Listing Respecting a $5 Strike Program for Stock Options January 6,...

  3. 78 FR 5773 - Foreign-Trade Zone 22-Chicago, IL, Notification of Proposed Production Activity, Panasonic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 22--Chicago, IL, Notification of Proposed Production Activity, Panasonic Corporation of North America, (Kitting of Consumer Electronics), Aurora, IL The Illinois... consumer electronics parts into retail packages. Pursuant to 15 CFR 400.14(b)4 of the regulations,...

  4. 78 FR 28801 - Foreign-Trade Zone 22-Chicago, Illinois; Authorization of Production Activity Panasonic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 22--Chicago, Illinois; Authorization of Production Activity Panasonic Corporation of North America (Kitting of Consumer Electronics) Aurora, Illinois On January 11... production activity to the Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZ) Board on behalf of Panasonic Corporation of...

  5. Editorial: Special issue highlighting research presented at the 25th IWGO Conference, Chicago 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    A joint international conference was held among corn insect entomologists from 15 countries at the Allerton Hotel, Chicago, Illinois on April 13-17, 2014. It combined the 25th IWGO (International Working Group on Ostrinia and other maize pests) Conference with the 4th Diabrotica Genetics Conference,...

  6. A Feasibility Study of the "Cultural-Educational Park" for Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leu, Donald J.; Candoli, I. Carl

    A report of a study conducted for the Chicago Public School System on the feasibility of the cultural-educational park answering the educational needs of the community. The concept is defined and its historical development traced, its advantages, disadvantages and evaluative criteria are noted, and finally, specific recommendations are made. A…

  7. The Impact of School Closures on Equity of Access in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin; Lubienski, Christopher

    2017-01-01

    This study examines the impact of school closures on the sociospatial distribution of equitable access to schooling following the school closure policy pursued by the Chicago Public Schools in 2013. By examining access in terms of proximity between students and schools, the study estimates the changes in accessibility before and after school…

  8. The Politics of Public Education in Black Chicago, 1910-1941

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homel, Michael W.

    1976-01-01

    Notes that between 1910 and 1941 some changes occurred in the politics of black education in Chicago. The early reliance on the city's white elite faded in the wake of the mass migration during and after World War I and the larger black population gradually earned the black community political rewards which could influence school affairs.…

  9. Rolling up Their Sleeves: Venture Philanthropists Pitch in for Chicago's Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aarons, Dakarai I.

    2009-01-01

    Chicago has become a hotbed of "venture philanthropy" in education, as two local foundations contribute not only money, but also the hands-on work of some of the city's wealthiest and most influential residents, to help improve the schools in the nation's third-largest district. These two venture-philanthropy funds consist of the…

  10. Does Greater Autonomy Improve School Performance? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Analysis in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Matthew P.

    2014-01-01

    School districts throughout the United States are increasingly providing greater autonomy to local public (non-charter) school principals. In 2005-06, Chicago Public Schools initiated the Autonomous Management and Performance Schools program, granting academic, programmatic, and operational freedoms to select principals. This paper provides…

  11. Delegation from University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy Visits Sichuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan; You

    2016-01-01

    At the invitation of the CPAFFC,a 20-member student delegation from the Harris School of Public Policy at the University of Chicago visited Sichuan province for academic study and friendly exchanges March 22-24.The visit was organized by the ChinaUS Exchange Foundation.The foundation was founded in Hong Kong in 2008 by Dong Jianhua,

  12. A Long Way from Home: Chicago's Homeless Children and the Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohrn, Bernardine

    When a child has lost his or her permanent housing and experiences the stress of a family crisis, the additional loss of a familiar school and its context may well be devastating. A basic educational need of children is continuity and stability in schooling. Yet most children (142 Chicago, Illinois families in shelters) interviewed in this…

  13. 77 FR 22221 - Security Zones; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zones; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO... NATO Summit and associated events, which will be held in Chicago from May 16, 2012, through May 24... notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) entitled Security Zones; G8/North Atlantic Treaty Organization...

  14. 77 FR 4591 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... being inserted elsewhere within the introductory language to Rule 8.15. 2. Statutory Basis The Exchange... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing...

  15. 76 FR 63698 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-26380] SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [Release No. 34-65492; File No. SR-CBOE-2011-095] Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing... Language With Respect to the SPX Tier Appointment October 6, 2011. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of...

  16. 77 FR 26813 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ..., the Exchange proposes deleting from the Fees Schedule the language that states that for FLEX Options... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing...

  17. 75 FR 45659 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL AGENCY... made by the Field Museum of Natural History professional staff in consultation with representatives of... Museum of Natural History (Field Museum accession number 709). No known individuals were identified....

  18. 75 FR 52022 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-24

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL AGENCY... Natural History purchased these human remains from Joseph V. Tallman of Pendleton, OR (Field Museum of... County, OR, by Dr. Merton Miller for the Field Museum of Natural History (Field Museum of Natural...

  19. Nathan Lerner, L’héritage du Bauhaus à Chicago (jusqu’au 11 janvier 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Hedtmann

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available 20 cents Meals in Chicago, Chicago, 1936 © Kiyoko Lerner  © ADAGPLight Volume, Chicago, 1937 © Kiyoko Lerner  © ADAGPArthur TressNathan Lerner, L’Héritage du Bauhaus à Chicago, éditions Musée d’art et d’histoire du Judaïsme, Archibooks + Sautereau, 2008Si l’on en croit les commissaires d’exposition du Musée d’art et d’histoire du Judaïsme, Laurence Sigal et Nicolas Feuillie, Nathan Lerner (1913-1997, érigé en « héritier du Bauhaus », serait « un jalon important » de « l’aventure photographiq...

  20. The state of pediatric asthma in Chicago's Humboldt Park: a community-based study in two local elementary schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Pediatric asthma is a serious public health problem in Chicago and has been designated a high priority concern by residents of Chicago's Humboldt Park, a diverse community area with a large number of Puerto Rican, African American, and Mexican American families. Methods In May 2009, following the principles of community-based participatory research, a cross-sectional asthma screening survey was administered to adult caregivers of children attending two Humboldt Park elemen...

  1. Building America Case Study: Quantifying the Financial Benefits of Multifamily Retrofits, Chicago, Illinois

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-04-01

    Increasing the adoption of energy efficient building practices will require the energy sector to increase their understanding of the way that retrofits affect multifamily financial performance as well as how those indicators are interpreted by the lending and appraisal industries. This project analyzed building, energy, and financial program data as well as other public and private data to examine the relationship between energy efficiency retrofits and financial performance on three levels: building, city, and community. The project goals were to increase the data and analysis in the growing body of multifamily financial benefits work as well provide a framework for other geographies to produce similar characterization. The goals are accomplished through three tasks: Task one: A pre- and post-retrofit analysis of thirteen Chicago multifamily buildings. Task two: A comparison of Chicago income and expenses to two national datasets. Task three: An in-depth look at multifamily market sales data and the subsequent impact of buildings that undergo retrofits.

  2. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by the Science Fest in Chicago

    CERN Multimedia

    ATLAS Experiment

    2012-01-01

    Particle physics allows us to understand the elementary constituents of all matter in the universe. Colliding particles at very high energy to a speed close to the speed of light, demonstrates that all matter on earth is made up of electrons and quarks and gluons, the substructure of protons and neutrons. Short films will present two of the main experiments at the Large Hadron Collider, the European Center for Nuclear Research, ATLAS and CMS, where protons collide at energies up to 7 tev, simulating a situation very close to the big bang. Discussions about the potential discoveries of the Higgs boson will be performed. Posters displayed will show the detectors at the LHC and at the Tevatron Fermilab in Chicago. A live video link with the CERN will be provided at 12:00 PM. http://atlas-live-virtual-visit.web.cern.ch/atlas-live-virtual-visit/2012/Chicago-2012.html

  3. Chicago Ebola Response Network (CERN): A Citywide Cross-hospital Collaborative for Infectious Disease Preparedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lateef, Omar; Hota, Bala; Landon, Emily; Kociolek, Larry K; Morita, Julie; Black, Stephanie; Noskin, Gary; Kelleher, Michael; Curell, Krista; Galat, Amy; Ansell, David; Segreti, John; Weber, Stephen G

    2015-11-15

    The 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic and international public health emergency has been referred to as a "black swan" event, or an event that is unlikely, hard to predict, and highly impactful once it occurs. The Chicago Ebola Response Network (CERN) was formed in response to EVD and is capable of receiving and managing new cases of EVD, while also laying the foundation for a public health network that can anticipate, manage, and prevent the next black swan public health event. By sharing expertise, risk, and resources among 4 major academic centers, Chicago created a sustainable network to respond to the latest in a series of public health emergencies. In this respect, CERN is a roadmap for how a region can prepare to respond to public health emergencies, thereby preventing negative impacts through planning and implementation.

  4. Social Determinants, Race, and Brain Health Outcomes: Findings from the Chicago Health and Aging Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Neelum T; Everson-Rose, Susan A; Evans, Denis A

    2015-01-01

    The broad spectrum of economic and cultural diversity in the U.S. population correlates with and affects the study of behavioral aspects of health. The purpose of this article is to provide a selective overview of research findings from the Chicago Health and Aging Project (CHAP), which covers a socio-demographically diverse population in Chicago, with a focus on role-related psychosocial factors and observed racial/ethnic differences in aging outcomes. CHAP is a longitudinal, epidemiological study of common chronic conditions of aging with an emphasis on medical, psychosocial, and environmental risk factors for the decline in cognitive function across the older adult lifespan. We briefly summarize the study design and methods used in the CHAP study and characterize the study population and describe the psychosocial data, noting black-white associations as they relate to three common brain health outcomes: cognitive function and Alzheimer's Disease, stroke, and subclinical vascular disease as noted on neuroimaging.

  5. Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a Chicago nuclear detonation scenario.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

    2011-09-01

    Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kt detonation in Chicago. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at selected exemplary points. For many Chicago neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

  6. Spanish in Chicago: Writing an Online Placement Exam for Spanish Heritage Speakers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Burgo

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available United States is the third country in the world with the largest Hispanic population (over 45 million of Spanish speaking people. As Fairclough (2003 claims, the national, ethnic and socioeconomic differences of Hispanic immigrants provide a heterogeneous community whose unifying element is the Spanish language. Chicago is third largest city in the country with a significant Hispanic population. In the latest years, Spanish for Heritage speakers’ programs in higher education have developed and effective placement tests are needed.

  7. Elements of Success in Chicago Botanic Garden’s Science Career Continuum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine A. Johnson

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Science Career Continuum at the Chicago Botanic Garden is a model program for successfully encouraging youth from diverse backgrounds into STEM careers. This program has shown that when students are given an opportunity to participate in real scientific research under the mentorship of a caring professional over multiple years, they are more likely to go to college and pursue STEM careers than their peers. 

  8. Spanish in Chicago: Writing an Online Placement Exam for Spanish Heritage Speakers

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    United States is the third country in the world with the largest Hispanic population (over 45 million of Spanish speaking people). As Fairclough (2003) claims, the national, ethnic and socioeconomic differences of Hispanic immigrants provide a heterogeneous community whose unifying element is the Spanish language. Chicago is third largest city in the country with a significant Hispanic population. In the latest years, Spanish for Heritage speakers’ programs in higher education have developed ...

  9. 76 FR 34145 - Safety Zone, Barrier Testing Operations, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Romeoville, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ...The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC) near Romeoville, IL. This temporary final rule is intended to restrict all vessels from transiting the navigable waters of the CSSC. This safety zone is necessary to protect the waters, waterway users, and vessels from the hazards associated with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) temporary......

  10. International conference on bone mineral measurement, October 12--13, 1973, Chicago, Illinois

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1973-12-31

    From international conference on bone mineral measurement; Chicago, Illinois, USA (12 Oct 1973). Abstracts of papers presented at the international conference on bone mineral measurement are presented. The papers were grouped into two sessions: a physical session including papers on measuring techniques, errors, interpretation and correlations, dual photon techniques, and data handling and exchange; a biomedical session including papers on bone disease, osteoporosis, normative data, non-disease influences, renal, and activity and inactivity. (ERB)

  11. History of transportation in Chicago: Its impact on the urban landscape

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plummer, A.V.

    1994-12-31

    In this paper the author presents some of his thoughts on the relationship between transportation and how Chicago used its land. He has chosen to do this by looking at the question from a historical perspective. He attempts to do this by tracking the link between transportation and the use of land. This linkage actually involves only a few simple human factors such as a desire to pay the least amount for land, getting from place to place as swiftly as possible, being paid the most for work done and living in a country-like setting with all of the serenity that image conjures. The author argues these factors are what brought Chicago to where it is, and makes no attempt to judge this as good or bad. The author argues that energy consumption or scarcity, like railroad or transit strikes, have had little long-term effect on how people travel and therefore how they use land. The notion that resources were inexhaustible permeated Chicago`s early history. Human factors appear to the author to have had and probably will continue to have a more profound effect on transportation than anything else. He does not believe society knows what individuals will pay in energy costs to maintain their real or perceived mobility. The real cost of fuel and vehicles is much higher (and so is transit usage) in Europe, but VMT and vehicle ownership still are growing at an astounding rate. Mobility is perceived as good, not bad. How does one convince people to limit their mobility when it is good?

  12. Hydrology of and Current Monitoring Issues for the Chicago Area Waterway System, Northeastern Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncker, James J.; Johnson, Kevin K.

    2015-10-28

    The Chicago Area Waterway System (CAWS) consists of a combination of natural and manmade channels that form an interconnected navigable waterway of approximately 90-plus miles in the metropolitan Chicago area of northeastern Illinois. The CAWS serves the area as the primary drainage feature, a waterway transportation corridor, and recreational waterbody. The CAWS was constructed by the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRDGC). Completion of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (initial portion of the CAWS) in 1900 breached a low drainage divide and resulted in a diversion of water from the Lake Michigan Basin. A U.S. Supreme Court decree (Consent Decree 388 U.S. 426 [1967] Modified 449 U.S. 48 [1980]) limits the annual diversion from Lake Michigan. While the State of Illinois is responsible for the diversion, the MWRDGC regulates and maintains water level and water quality within the CAWS by using several waterway control structures. The operation and control of water levels in the CAWS results in a very complex hydraulic setting characterized by highly unsteady flows. The complexity leads to unique gaging requirements and monitoring issues. This report provides a general discussion of the complex hydraulic setting within the CAWS and quantifies this information with examples of data collected at a range of flow conditions from U.S. Geological Survey streamflow gaging stations and other locations within the CAWS. Monitoring to address longstanding issues of waterway operation, as well as current (2014) emerging issues such as wastewater disinfection and the threat from aquatic invasive species, is included in the discussion.

  13. Development of a survey of asthma knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions: the Chicago Community Asthma Survey. Chicago Asthma Surveillance Initiative Project Team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, E N; Turner-Roan, K; Daugherty, S R; Li, T; Eckenfels, E; Baier, C; McDermott, M F; Weiss, K B

    1999-10-01

    Little is known about the general public's perception of the diagnosis of asthma and the impact of asthma on individuals, their families, and their communities. In addition, there appear to be no published survey instruments specifically designed to gain insights into how the general public perceives asthma. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of such an instrument, the Chicago Community Asthma Survey (CCAS)-32. Development began with two qualitative steps. First, a review of the published literature guided the initial instrument construction (Step 1). Content domains were chosen based on clinical input and the Health Belief Model. Most items were derived from existing instruments. To assess content validity, cognitive interviews and expert reviews were conducted (Step 2). Items were added, modified, and deleted based on the information gathered at each of these steps. In the next step, item performance measurement (Step 3), testing of two samples provided quantitative data to further inform item reduction. Items with uniform correct responses or responses lacking in variability were excluded. The result of this three-step process was a 32-item survey of asthma knowledge, attitudes and perceptions, the CCAS-32. The introduction to the survey was subsequently modified to minimize respondent bias (Step 4). In conclusion, the CCAS-32 was constructed with input from experts in asthma and individuals from the Chicago area. The items in the CCAS-32 appear to have both face validity and acceptable performance characteristics.

  14. Chicago Clean Air, Clean Water Project: Environmental Monitoring for a Healthy, Sustainable Urban Future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none, none; Tuchman, Nancy [Institute of Environmental Sustainability (IES), Chicago, IL (United States)

    2015-11-11

    The U.S. Department of Energy awarded Loyola University Chicago and the Institute of Environmental Sustainability (IES) $486,000.00 for the proposal entitled “Chicago clean air, clean water project: Environmental monitoring for a healthy, sustainable urban future.” The project supported the purchase of analytical instruments for the development of an environmental analytical laboratory. The analytical laboratory is designed to support the testing of field water and soil samples for nutrients, industrial pollutants, heavy metals, and agricultural toxins, with special emphasis on testing Chicago regional soils and water affected by coal-based industry. Since the award was made in 2010, the IES has been launched (fall 2013), and the IES acquired a new state-of-the-art research and education facility on Loyola University Chicago’s Lakeshore campus. Two labs were included in the research and education facility. The second floor lab is the Ecology Laboratory where lab experiments and analyses are conducted on soil, plant, and water samples. The third floor lab is the Environmental Toxicology Lab where lab experiments on environmental toxins are conducted, as well as analytical tests conducted on water, soil, and plants. On the south end of the Environmental Toxicology Lab is the analytical instrumentation collection purchased from the present DOE grant, which is overseen by a full time Analytical Chemist (hired January 2016), who maintains the instruments, conducts analyses on samples, and helps to train faculty and undergraduate and graduate student researchers.

  15. Market in the USA. Energy conservation in the built environment. Focus on New York and Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-02-15

    The aim of the title report is to provide a Dutch entrepreneur with reliable starting-points to strengthen the practical execution of plans to enter the market for Green Building in the United States, specifically focused on opportunities in New York and Chicago. The Netherlands has a history of experience in constructing built environments that efficiently utilize the available resources. This survey focuses on the opportunity for Dutch companies to translate their expertise in energy efficiency to the American market and cities of Chicago and New York. The Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York has created an initiative called 'Dutch-Sustainable Energy' in the form of a website through which U.S. companies can find information about Dutch companies that provide energy efficiency solutions. The energy efficiency services in Chicago and New York are focused primarily on integrating services into the existing built environment, or new infill or redevelopment construction, rather than identifying opportunities for stand-alone applications. The sector research has been organized into four categories based on existing Dutch expertise: Energy Efficient Systems, Energy Efficient Products, Renewable Energy Generation Systems and Green Building Consultant Services.

  16. Estratégias de hedge com os contratos futuros de soja da Chicago Board of Trade Hedging strategies with Chicago Board of Trade soybeans futures contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Neves de Carvalho da Silva Maia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho avalia os retornos e os riscos de estratégias de hedge para as dez principais regiões produtoras de soja do Brasil em relação aos contratos futuros de soja da Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT. Verificou-se que as bases apresentaram padrão bem definido: fortalecimento entre maio e novembro, seguido por enfraquecimento nos seis meses subsequentes. Os hedgers de compra possuem oportunidades de obter retornos brutos maiores, mas os riscos envolvidos nas estratégias de hedge de compra também são maiores. Conclui-se que os contratos de soja em grão da CBOT apresentam diferentes possibilidades de retornos brutos em função do tipo de hedge, do período hedgeado e do contrato utilizado. Logo, as informações disponibilizadas neste trabalho se apresentam como importante subsídio ao processo de tomada de decisão por parte dos agentes da cadeia agroindustrial da soja.This paper analyzes the return and risks of hedging strategies of the major ten soybean producing regions in Brazil concerning Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT future contracts. It was verified that the bases presented a well defined pattern characterized by strengthening from May to November and weakening in the remaining months. Long hedging had larger returns and larger risks comparing with short hedging. The conclusion of this study is that the CBOT soybean contracts present different returns depending on the type of hedging, on the period of hedging, and on the contract used. Therefore, the information presented in this paper is very important to support the decision making process in the Brazilian soybean agricultural system.

  17. Control-structure ratings on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal near Lockport, Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straub, Timothy D.; Johnson, Kevin K.; Hortness, Jon E.; Duncker, James J.

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago regulate flows through control structures along the Lake Michigan lakefront and the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC) for Lake Michigan diversion accounting, flood control, sanitary, and navigation purposes. This report documents the measurement and computation of flow through the Lockport Controlling Works (LCW) and the Lockport Powerhouse. This analysis aided in evaluation of the ratings at both structures, and the development of new ratings at the controlling works. The LCW structure consists of seven 30-feet (ft) wide sluice gates and is used to divert water from the CSSC and into the Des Plaines River. The flow regimes for the sluice gate included both free and submerged weir. Forty and 491 flow values from U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations were used to develop equations describing free- and submerged-weir flow, respectively, through the sluice gates. The equations were developed for canal headwater elevations ranging from -7.0 to -10.5 ft Chicago City Datum (CCD), and tailwater (Des Plaines River at Lockport) to headwater (CSSC-LCW-Base) ratios ranging from 0.31 to 0.66. The Lockport Powerhouse structure consists of nine 9-ft wide by 14-ft high sluice gates and two 10-ft diameter turbines. Both tailwater and no-tailwater effect flow regimes occurred during nine measurements. Also, the canal headwater elevations ranged from -2.74 to -8.45 ft CCD, and the gates were configured six different ways during the measurements.

  18. Understanding Spatiotemporal Patterns of Biking Behavior by Analyzing Massive Bike Sharing Data in Chicago.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaolu Zhou

    Full Text Available The growing number of bike sharing systems (BSS in many cities largely facilitates biking for transportation and recreation. Most recent bike sharing systems produce time and location specific data, which enables the study of travel behavior and mobility of each individual. However, despite a rapid growth of interest, studies on massive bike sharing data and the underneath travel pattern are still limited. Few studies have explored and visualized spatiotemporal patterns of bike sharing behavior using flow clustering, nor examined the station functional profiles based on over-demand patterns. This study investigated the spatiotemporal biking pattern in Chicago by analyzing massive BSS data from July to December in 2013 and 2014. The BSS in Chicago gained more popularity. About 15.9% more people subscribed to this service. Specifically, we constructed bike flow similarity graph and used fastgreedy algorithm to detect spatial communities of biking flows. By using the proposed methods, we discovered unique travel patterns on weekdays and weekends as well as different travel trends for customers and subscribers from the noisy massive amount data. In addition, we also examined the temporal demands for bikes and docks using hierarchical clustering method. Results demonstrated the modeled over-demand patterns in Chicago. This study contributes to offer better knowledge of biking flow patterns, which was difficult to obtain using traditional methods. Given the trend of increasing popularity of the BSS and data openness in different cities, methods used in this study can extend to examine the biking patterns and BSS functionality in different cities.

  19. University of Illinois at Chicago and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Win Top Prizes in EPAs Campus RainWorks Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    CHICAGO (April 22, 2015) -- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 5 Administrator Susan Hedman today awarded the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign first and second prizes in the EPA Campus RainWorks

  20. 33 CFR 165.T09-0166 - Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake Michigan including Des Plaines River, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago River... Areas Ninth Coast Guard District § 165.T09-0166 Safety Zone, Brandon Road Lock and Dam to Lake...

  1. Alkylphenols and alkylphenol ethoxylates, PBDEs, PCBs and chlorinated pesticides in largemouth bass from North Shore Channel of the Chicago River, Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fall 2006 and Spring 2007 samples of fish, water and effluent (Chicago Northside Water Reclamation Plant) were collected and analyzed for several persistent and semi-persistent chemicals that are believed to be significantly loading into the North Branch of the Chicago River from the Northside Water...

  2. Banks and the Racial Patterning of Homicide: A Study of Chicago Neighborhoods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María B. Veléz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available While bank investment is a driving force behind neighborhood viability, few studies have directly examined the effects of bank loan practices on neighborhood crime rates. This paper proposes that variation in residential bank loans helps explain the higher rates of homicide in minority neighborhoods in Chicago compared to white neighborhoods. It finds that black and Latino neighborhoods would experience fewer homicides if more financial capital were infused into these neighborhoods. These findings suggest that neighborhoods are shaped profoundly by the decisions of external economic actors.

  3. New Methodologies for Interdisciplinary Research and Action in an Urban Ecosystem in Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Stotz

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This article synthesizes recent work carried out at The Field Museum that applies an ecosystems approach to ecological and anthropological research, conservation planning, and environmental action. This work is part of an effort to protect biological diversity in the Lake Calumet region of metropolitan Chicago. The need for an ecosystems approach to urban areas, particularly in relation to conservation efforts, is discussed. Reviewing the problems of alternative, non-systemic perspectives in both research and policy toward urban problems, the article describes how the efforts of Field Museum scientists and educators integrate interdisciplinary research into a conservation and information design process.

  4. New Chicago-Indiana computer network prepared to handle massive data flow

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    "The Chicago-Indiana system is ont of five Tier-2 (regional) centers in the United States that will receive data from one of four massive detectors at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European particle physics laboratory in Geneva. When the new instrument begins operating late next year, beams of protons will collide 40 million times a second. When each of those proton beams reaches full intensity, each collision will produce approximately 23 interactions between protons that will create various types of subatomic particles." (1,5 page)

  5. Effect of Temperature and Ionic Concentration on Self-Assembled Films of Chicago Sky Blue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    D. Dey; M.N. Islam; S.A. Hussain; D. Bhattacharjee

    2008-01-01

    We employ a layer-by-layer adsorption technique for deposition on solid substrates of polyionic films of Chicago Sky Blue. Film growth was significant with the increasing number of layers. Photochemical properties of these films are investigated for different ionic concentrations. A significant blue shift is observed with the increasing ionic strength of the solution, suggesting the formation of aggregation. Temperature effect studies show some preferable reorientation of molecules in the film during cooling process. Most remarkable observation is that the absorption intensity is the highest for a particular degree of inclination. Deposition time is fixed at 15 min because adsorption kinetics results show saturation after 15 min.

  6. Self-mastery among Chinese Older Adults in the Greater Chicago Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinqi Dong

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Self-mastery is an important psychological resource to cope with stressful situations. However, we have limited understanding of self-mastery among minority aging populations. Objective: This study aims to examine the presence and levels of self-mastery among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Data were drawn from the PINE study, a population-based survey of U.S. Chinese older adults in the Greater Chicago area. Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, a total of 3,159 Chinese older adults aged 60 and above were surveyed. A Chinese version of the Self-Mastery Scale was used to assess self-mastery. Results: Out of the 7-item Chinese Self-Mastery Scale, approximately 42.8% to 87.5% of Chinese older adults experienced some degree of self-mastery in their lives. Older adults with no formal education and the oldest-old aged 85 and over had the lowest level of self-mastery in our study. A higher mastery level was associated with being married, having fewer children, better self-reported health status, better quality of life, and positive health changes. Conclusion: Although self-mastery is commonly experienced among the Chinese aging population in the Greater Chicago area, specific subgroups are still vulnerable. Future longitudinal studies are needed to improve the understanding of risk factors and outcomes associated with self-mastery among Chinese older adults.

  7. A pictorial presentation of 3.0 Chicago Classification for esophageal motility disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbella, Fernando Augusto; Armijo, Priscila Rodrigues; Patti, Marco Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    High resolution manometry changed several esophageal motility paradigms. The 3.0 Chicago Classification defined manometric criteria for named esophageal motility disorders. We present a pictorial atlas of motility disorders. Achalasia types, esophagogastric junction obstruction, absent contractility, distal esophageal spasm, hypercontractile esophagus (jackhammer), ineffective esophageal motility, and fragmented peristalsis are depicted with high-resolution manometry plots. RESUMO A manometria de alta resolução mudou vários paradigmas da motilidade digestiva. A Classificação de Chicago, na versão 3.0, definiu critérios manométricos para as doenças da motilidade esofagiana. O presente artigo é um atlas das dismotilidades descritas. Tipos de acalásia, obstrução ao nível da junção esofagogástrica, contrações ausentes, espasmo esofagiano distal, esôfago hipercontrátil, motilidade esofagiana ineficaz e peristalse fragmentada são mostradas em traçados de manometria de alta resolução.

  8. "Ghosts of Sociologies Past": Settlement Sociology in the Progressive Era at the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLean, Vicky M.; Williams, Joyce E.

    2012-01-01

    This embedded case study of the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy (CSCP) illustrates the development of disciplinary boundaries during a transitional period of professionalization in the social sciences, particularly for the fields of sociology and social work. Drawing on archival data (e.g., reports, scholarly and autobiographical…

  9. Higher Criticism and Higher Education at the University of Chicago: William Rainey Harper's Vision of Religion in the Research University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Michael

    2008-01-01

    In the 1890s, the Board of Trustees of the not-yet-built University of Chicago had just elected Rainey Harper to be its first president, and later, he would formally accept the position. Harper left a secure position at Yale University to accept the presidency of a university that was nothing more than an idea, a board of trustees, and the…

  10. Leaving Chicago for Iowa's "Fields of Opportunity": Community Dispossession, Rootlessness, and the Quest for Somewhere to "Be OK"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keene, Danya E; Padilla, Mark B; Geronimus, Arline T

    2010-09-01

    In recent years, urban development and public housing demolition have posed challenges to the social and geographic rootedness of low-income African Americans in urban areas. In particular, in Chicago, widespread public housing demolition, occurring in the context of rapid gentrification, has contributed to increasing shortages of affordable low-income housing. This study uses in-depth interviews and participant observation to examine the migration experiences of men and women who have left urban neighborhoods and public housing developments in Chicago searching for affordable housing and economic opportunity in eastern Iowa. This particular analysis focuses on experiences of social and geographic "rootlessness" that emerged as a major theme in these interviews. Participants describe community dispossession in Chicago that has threatened not only the ties between individuals and their social support networks, but also connections and claims to the places in which these ties are rooted. Narratives that describe leaving Chicago in this context and then trying to get by as a stigmatized outsider in "someone else's city" speak to a process of dislocation that may disrupt critical social-support resources that are known to mitigate the consequences of structural disadvantage.

  11. Modeling Spread of KPC-Producing Bacteria in Long-Term Acute Care Hospitals in the Chicago Region, USA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haverkate, Manon R.; Bootsma, Martin C. J.; Weiner, Shayna; Blom, Donald; Lin, Michael Y.; Lolans, Karen; Moore, Nicholas M.; Lyles, Rosie D.; Weinstein, Robert A.; Bonten, Marc J. M.; Hayden, Mary K.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. Prevalence of bla(KPC)-encoding Enterobacteriaceae (KPC) in Chicago long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs) rose rapidly after the first recognition in 2007. We studied the epidemiology and transmission capacity of KPC in LTACHs and the effect of patient cohorting. METHODS. Data were avai

  12. Modeling spread of KPC-producing bacteria in long-term acute care hospitals in the Chicago region, USA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haverkate, Manon R; Bootsma, Martin C J; Weiner, Shayna; Blom, Donald; Lin, Michael Y; Lolans, Karen; Moore, Nicholas M; Lyles, Rosie D; Weinstein, Robert A; Bonten, Marc J M; Hayden, Mary K

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Prevalence of bla KPC-encoding Enterobacteriaceae (KPC) in Chicago long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs) rose rapidly after the first recognition in 2007. We studied the epidemiology and transmission capacity of KPC in LTACHs and the effect of patient cohorting. METHODS: Data were avail

  13. 75 FR 80870 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order Granting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... Accelerated Approval of a Proposed Rule Change To Eliminate the Validated Cross Trade Entry Functionality... rules to eliminate the Validated Cross Trade Entry Functionality for Exchange-registered Institutional...\\ and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,\\3\\ notice is hereby given that, on December 10, 2010, the Chicago...

  14. Making a Success of "Algebra for All": The Impact of Extended Instructional Time and Classroom Peer Skill in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nomi, Takako; Raudenbush, Stephen W.

    2016-01-01

    In 2003, Chicago launched "Double-Dose Algebra," requiring students with pretest scores below the national median to take two periods of math--algebra and supplemental coursework. In many schools, assignment to Double Dose changed the peer composition of the algebra classroom. Using school-specific instrumental variables within a…

  15. Uprooted Children 1957-1967. Trends in Number of Chicago Area Children in Foster Placements and Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Joan M.

    This report attempts to synthesize the available information about 16,000 children in the Chicago Area who are living in "uprooted" circumstances in the sense of having been removed from their own homes for one reason or other, and having been placed in substitute homes. Over 100 separate agency facilities and programs for children are encompassed…

  16. World City/Regional City: Latinos and African-Americans in Chicago and St. Louis. JSRI Working Paper No. 46.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villanueva, Margaret; Erdman, Brian; Howlett, Larry

    This paper traces the effects of economic restructuring through comparative socioeconomic profiles of African American and Latinos in the Midwest, with a focus on Chicago and Kansas City. Globalization has been associated with deindustrialization, relocation of jobs to developing countries with cheaper labor, and expansion of the service sector. A…

  17. The Chicago 8 Trial, 40 Years Later: A Case Study in Teaching "U.S. v. Dellinger" (1969)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Jeanne Polk

    2009-01-01

    Growing up in an era when protest at national political conventions is carefully contained in "free-speech zones" (often physically removed from the site of the official conventions), students today may have a difficult time conceptualizing the tumultuous scene that was the 1968 Democratic National Convention (DNC) in Chicago. Fueled by…

  18. 75 FR 4344 - Foreign-Trade Zone 22-Chicago, IL Application for Temporary/Interim Manufacturing Authority LG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 22--Chicago, IL Application for Temporary/ Interim Manufacturing Authority LG Electronics MobileComm USA, Inc. (Cell Phone Kitting and Distribution) Bolingbrook, IL An application has been submitted to the Executive Secretary of the Foreign-Trade Zones Board...

  19. A Three-Year Lesson Plan for Elementary and High School Library Centers for the Chicago Public Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Charles

    Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School (Chicago, Illinois) is an urban open door public school serving a population with diverse economic, educational, and ethnic backgrounds. The school is committed to translating the philosophies of Dr. King into an educational environment that includes innovative instructional strategies tailored to the…

  20. 78 FR 3497 - KM Railways, LLC-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-DTE Chicago Fuels Terminal, LLC and DTE Coal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board KM Railways, LLC--Acquisition and Operation Exemption--DTE Chicago Fuels Terminal, LLC and DTE Coal Services, Inc. KM Railways, LLC (KMR), a Class III rail carrier,\\1\\ has filed...

  1. Behind the Photos and the Tears: Media Images, Neoliberal Discourses, Racialized Constructions of Space and School Closings in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allweiss, Alexandra; Grant, Carl A.; Manning, Karla

    2015-01-01

    This critical article provides insights into how media frames influence our understandings of school reform in urban spaces by examining images of students during the 2013 school closings in Chicago. Using visual framing analysis and informed by framing theory and critiques of neoliberalism we seek to explore two questions: (1) What role do media…

  2. Form and Style: Theses, Reports, Term Papers. Eighth Edition. Up-to-Date Information on Chicago, MLA, and APA Documentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, William Giles; And Others

    The eighth edition of this manual, which incorporates recent changes in bibliographical format made by "The Chicago Manual of Style" and the Modern Language Association of America, provides guidance to writers of research papers and reports in college, graduate school, business, government, and the professions. The review of the…

  3. The Educational Attainment of Chicago Public Schools Students: A Focus on Four-Year College Degrees. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healey, Kaleen; Nagaoka, Jenny; Michelman, Valerie

    2014-01-01

    A four-year college degree increases a student's employment prospects and earning potential. Given this importance, it is not surprising that 75 percent of Chicago Public Schools (CPS) high school students aspire to obtain at least a four-year college degree. Yet, prior research showed that few achieved this goal: a 2006 University of Chicago…

  4. Atmospheric transport of speciated mercury across southern Lake Michigan: Influence from emission sources in the Chicago/Gary urban area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gratz, Lynne E; Keeler, Gerald J; Marsik, Frank J; Barres, James A; Dvonch, J Timothy

    2013-03-15

    Quantifying the local and regional impacts of speciated mercury (Hg) emissions from major urban and industrial areas is critical for understanding Hg transport and cycling in the environment. The Chicago/Gary urban area is one location where Hg emissions from industrial sources are significant and the regional transport of emissions may contribute to elevated ambient Hg concentrations at downwind locations. From July to November 2007, we collected semi-continuous measurements of gaseous elemental Hg (Hg(0)), fine particulate bound Hg (Hgp), and divalent reactive gaseous Hg (RGM) in Chicago, IL and Holland, MI to characterize the impact of Chicago/Gary source emissions on Hg concentrations in southwest Michigan and to improve our overall understanding of speciated Hg transport and deposition. The mean (and median) concentrations of Hg(0), Hgp, and RGM in Chicago were 2.5ng/m(3) (1.9ng/m(3)), 9pg/m(3) (5pg/m(3)), and 17pg/m(3) (6pg/m(3)), respectively. In Holland the mean (and median) concentrations were 1.3ng/m(3) (1.3ng/m(3)), 6pg/m(3) (6pg/m(3)), and 8pg/m(3) (2pg/m(3)), respectively. Cluster analysis of 24-hour HYSPLIT back-trajectories associated with the semi-continuous Hg measurements indicated that southwest transport from Chicago/Gary to Holland occurred during approximately 27% of the study. In Holland, under this transport regime, we observed a five-fold increase in RGM relative to the median concentration of the other transport clusters. We applied the HYSPLIT dispersion model to two case study periods to further quantify the impact of Chicago/Gary sources on southeast Michigan and investigate the role of direct transport and dispersion of speciated Hg emissions. Results suggested that more than 50% of the maximum RGM concentrations observed in Holland during the selected periods could be attributed to direct transport of primary RGM emissions from Chicago/Gary. The remaining RGM fractions are believed to be associated with Hg(0) oxidation during

  5. Numerical modeling of simultaneous tracer release and piscicide treatment for invasive species control in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Chicago, Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zhenduo; Motta, Davide; Jackson, P. Ryan; Garcia, Marcelo H.

    2016-01-01

    In December 2009, during a piscicide treatment targeting the invasive Asian carp in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Rhodamine WT dye was released to track and document the transport and dispersion of the piscicide. In this study, two modeling approaches are presented to reproduce the advection and dispersion of the dye tracer (and piscicide), a one-dimensional analytical solution and a three-dimensional numerical model. The two approaches were compared with field measurements of concentration and their applicability is discussed. Acoustic Doppler current profiler measurements were used to estimate the longitudinal dispersion coefficients at ten cross sections, which were taken as reference for calibrating the longitudinal dispersion coefficient in the one-dimensional analytical solution. While the analytical solution is fast, relatively simple, and can fairly accurately predict the core of the observed concentration time series at points downstream, it does not capture the tail of the breakthrough curves. These tails are well reproduced by the three-dimensional model, because it accounts for the effects of dead zones and a power plant which withdraws nearly 80 % of the water from the canal for cooling purposes before returning it back to the canal.

  6. Vienna - Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luan, Xianghong; Diekwisch, Thomas G.H.

    2009-01-01

    The discussion over the roles of genes and environment on the phenotypical specification of organisms has held a central role in science philosophy since the late 19th century and has re-emerged in today’s debate over genetic determinism and developmental plasticity. In fin-de-siecle Vienna, this debate coincided with a philosophical debate over empiricism/materialism versus idealism/vitalism. Turn-of-the-century Vienna’s highly interdisciplinary environment was also the birthplace for the model system of the unopposed molar. The un-opposed molar system features new tissue formation at the roots of teeth and tooth drift once opposing teeth are lost. The un-opposed molar model system was revived by a group of Viennese scientists that left Vienna during the Nazi period to address Vienna’s questions about evolution and heredity and about genes and environment in Chicago’s post-WWII scientific exile community. Here we are using the colorful history of the un-opposed molar to investigate the role of culture and method in the scientific evolution of a model system. PMID:17621674

  7. Airborne observations of mercury emissions from the Chicago/Gary urban/industrial area during the 2013 NOMADSS campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gratz, L. E.; Ambrose, J. L.; Jaffe, D. A.; Knote, C.; Jaeglé, L.; Selin, N. E.; Campos, T.; Flocke, F. M.; Reeves, M.; Stechman, D.; Stell, M.; Weinheimer, A. J.; Knapp, D. J.; Montzka, D. D.; Tyndall, G. S.; Mauldin, R. L.; Cantrell, C. A.; Apel, E. C.; Hornbrook, R. S.; Blake, N. J.

    2016-11-01

    Atmospheric emissions from the Chicago/Gary urban/industrial area significantly enhance ambient mercury (Hg) concentrations and lead to increased levels of atmospheric Hg deposition within the Lake Michigan Basin. We use airborne observations collected over Lake Michigan during the 2013 Nitrogen, Oxidants, Mercury, and Aerosol Distributions, Sources, and Sinks (NOMADSS) campaign to quantify the outflow of total Hg (THg) emissions from the Chicago/Gary urban/industrial area. We use concurrent airborne measurements of THg, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO + NO2), and sulfur dioxide (SO2) to calculate measured enhancement ratios and to characterize Chicago/Gary emissions with respect to the 2011 U.S. EPA National Emissions Inventory. We determine the observed THg/CO enhancement ratio in outflow from Chicago/Gary to be 0.21 ± 0.09 × 10-6 mol mol-1 (ppqv/ppbv), which is comparable to observations reported for other major U.S. urban/industrial areas. We also employ the FLEXPART Lagrangian transport and dispersion model to simulate air mass transport during plume encounters and to compare our observations to inventoried emission ratios. We find that our observed THg/CO enhancement ratios are 63-67% greater than the transport-corrected emission ratios for the Chicago/Gary area. Our results suggest that there are many small emission sources that are not fully accounted for within the inventory, and/or that the re-emission of legacy Hg is a significant source of THg to the atmosphere in this region.

  8. The Chicago face database: A free stimulus set of faces and norming data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Debbie S; Correll, Joshua; Wittenbrink, Bernd

    2015-12-01

    Researchers studying a range of psychological phenomena (e.g., theory of mind, emotion, stereotyping and prejudice, interpersonal attraction, etc.) sometimes employ photographs of people as stimuli. In this paper, we introduce the Chicago Face Database, a free resource consisting of 158 high-resolution, standardized photographs of Black and White males and females between the ages of 18 and 40 years and extensive data about these targets. In Study 1, we report pre-testing of these faces, which includes both subjective norming data and objective physical measurements of the images included in the database. In Study 2 we surveyed psychology researchers to assess the suitability of these targets for research purposes and explored factors that were associated with researchers' judgments of suitability. Instructions are outlined for those interested in obtaining access to the stimulus set and accompanying ratings and measures.

  9. Elevating trays to a high-end amenity on Chicago's magnificent mile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rappe, G.K. [Douglas Hoerr Landscape Architecture Inc., Chicago, IL (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Chicago is a leader in promoting the benefits of sustainable development, with grant programs for homeowners to construct green roofs and a mandate that all planned development must incorporate green roofs. The new green roof at 900 North Michigan Avenue illustrates several significant trends and developments in green roof design and real estate. This former running track atop the tenth floor of an office building is now a green roof with standard sized trays that create a four-season garden with multiple levels of horticultural height. The garden was inspired by aerial views of the Midwest agricultural landscape and incorporates art elements to hide some unsightly mechanical structures. This paper described the design process for the project and demonstrated the innovative design uses for tray systems. The steps and possibilities for future collaboration between professions involved in green roofs were then reviewed. 12 figs.

  10. Molecular detection of Plasmodium in free-ranging birds and captive flamingos (Phoenicopterus chilensis) in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurber, Mary Irene; Gamble, Kathryn C; Krebs, Bethany; Goldberg, Tony L

    2014-12-01

    Frozen blood samples from 13 species of free-ranging birds (n = 65) and captive Chilean flamingos (Phoenicopterus chilensis) (n = 46) housed outdoors in the Chicago area were screened for Plasmodium. With the use of a modified polymerase chain reaction, 20/65 (30.8%) of free-ranging birds and 26/46 (56.5%) of flamingos were classified as positive for this parasite genus. DNA sequencing of the parasite cytochrome b gene in positive samples demonstrated that eight species of free-ranging birds were infected with five different Plasmodium spp. cytochrome b lineages, and all positive Chilean flamingos were infected with Plasmodium spp. cytochrome b lineages most closely related to organisms in the Novyella subgenus. These results show that Chilean flamingos may harbor subclinical malaria infections more frequently than previously estimated, and that they may have increased susceptibility to some Plasmodium species.

  11. News from the library : Working with words? The Chicago Manual of Style is there to help

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2010-01-01

    Among the many useful resources the Library can offer you, the style manuals occupy a central role.   According to Wikipedia, "a style guide or style manual is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization or field. The implementation of a style guide provides uniformity in style and formatting of a document." The 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style is now available online to the CERN community. It will provide you with general guidelines for preparing electronic manuscripts for books, along with citation, spelling, punctuation and abbreviations guidelines. You can access it here. Don't hesitate to send us your suggestions for any other style manuals that could be added to the Library collection. The contact email address for feedback is library.desk@cern.ch.      

  12. “Stones run it”: taking back control of organized crime in Chicago, 1940-1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Will

    2011-01-01

    In the 1960s and 1970s African American “supergangs” emerged in Chicago. Many scholars have touted the “prosocial” goals of these gangs but fail to contextualize them in the larger history of black organized crime. Thus, they have overlooked how gang members sought to reclaim the underground economy in their neighborhoods. Yet even as gangs drove out white organized crime figures, they often lacked the know-how to reorganize the complex informal economy. Inexperienced gang members turned to extreme violence, excessive recruitment programs, and unforgiving extortion schemes to take power over criminal activities. These methods alienated black citizens and exacerbated tensions with law enforcement. In addition, the political shelter enjoyed by the previous generation of black criminals was turned into pervasive pressure to break up street gangs. Black street gangs fulfilled their narrow goal of community control of vice. Their interactions with their neighbors, however, remained contentious.

  13. La no neutralidad del dinero en el largo plazo. Un debate entre Chicago & Viena.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravier Adrián O.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Existen numerosos consensos entre los economistas de Chicago y Viena en lo que concierne a la comprensión del funcionamiento de los mercados y las políticas públicas, y en el rechazo al intervencionismo, el socialismo y el totalitarismo. Sin embargo, en lo referente a temas macroeconómicos, y en particular a la política monetaria y a la neutralidad o no neutralidad de sus efectos en el largo plazo, aparecen diferencias sustanciales. Este artículo repasa el debate entre estas dos escuelas de pensamiento, tomando como base una crítica que el Dr. Humphrey elaboró en 1984. La relevancia de discutir este trabajo, veinticinco años después de su publicación consiste en retomar un debate que permaneció olvidado desde entonces.

  14. The specter of discrimination: Fear of interpersonal racial discrimination among adolescents in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herda, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    This analysis examines fear of interpersonal racial discrimination among Black, Hispanic, and White adolescents. The extent and correlates of these concerns are examined using survey data from the Project for Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. Borrowing from the fear-of-crime literature, the contact hypothesis, and group threat theory, several hypotheses are developed linking discrimination fear to direct personal experience with discrimination, indirect or vicarious experience, and environmental signals of discrimination. Results show that about half of Blacks and Hispanics have feared discrimination in the past year. Multivariate results indicate that fear is most likely if one has experienced victimization first-hand and when one's parent is affected by discrimination. Further, a larger presence neighborhood outgroups produces greater fear. Overall, discrimination fear constitutes an additional obstacle for minority adolescents as they transition to adulthood. The phenomenon warrants increased scholarly attention and represents a fruitful avenue for future research.

  15. Determination of the Ionic Charge States of SEPs Using the University of Chicago IMP-8 Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, W.

    We use a new method to calculate the mean ionization charge state of solar energetic particles (SEPs) observed with the University of Chicago Cosmic Ray Nuclear Composition experiment on the IMP-8 satellite. The method, using the time to maximum flux, is demonstrated for several gradual SEP events, including the events on 29 September 1989, 19 October 1989, 24 October 1989, and 6 November 1997. Mean ionic charge states are deduced for heavy ions with energies in the range ~10- 500 MeV/nucleon. The ionic charge determination is made only during the onset of the SEP events. These mean charge states agree well with previous measurements for SEP events both at low energy (~0.5-4 MeV/nucleon reported by ISEE-3) and at higher energies (~200-500 MeV/nucleon reported by LDEF). The mean ionic charge states are then used to determine an average temperature and source region for these particles.

  16. Home asthma triggers: barriers to asthma control in Chicago Puerto Rican children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Molly A; Thomas, Ann Marie; Mosnaim, Giselle; Greve, Matthew; Swider, Susan M; Rothschild, Steven K

    2013-05-01

    We sought objectively to measure, summarize, and contextualize the asthma triggers found in the homes of urban high-risk Puerto Rican children and adolescents with asthma in Chicago. Data were from the baseline home assessments of Project CURA. Research assistants interviewed caregivers, conducted a home visual inspection, and collected saliva samples for cotinine analysis. A trigger behavior summary score was created. The housing inspected was old with multiple units and obvious structural deficiencies. Many allergic and irritant triggers were observed. Having a controller medicine or private insurance was associated with lower trigger behavior summary scores; caregiver depression, caregiver perceived stress, and child negative life events were associated with high trigger scores. The final multivariate model retained had a controller medicine, private insurance, and caregiver perceived stress. The data from this high-risk cohort identified modifiable areas where environmental interventions could reduce morbidity in Puerto Rican children and adolescents.

  17. Chicago Residents' Perceptions of Air Quality: Objective Pollution, the Built Environment, and Neighborhood Stigma Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Katherine E

    2015-09-01

    Substantial research documents higher pollution levels in minority neighborhoods, but little research evaluates how residents perceive their own communities' pollution risks. According to "Neighborhood stigma" theory, survey respondents share a cultural bias that minorities cause social dysfunction, leading to over-reports of dysfunction in minority communities. This study investigates perceptions of residential outdoor air quality by linking objective data on built and social environments with multiple measures of pollution and a representative survey of Chicago residents. Consistent with the scholarly narrative, results show air quality is rated worse where minorities and poverty are concentrated, even after extensive adjustment for objective pollution and built environment measures. Perceptions of air pollution may thus be driven by neighborhood socioeconomic position far more than by respondents' ability to perceive pollution. The finding that 63.5% of the sample reported excellent or good air quality helps to explain current challenging in promoting environmental action.

  18. Who has time for Ćejf? Postsocialist migration and slow coffee in neoliberal Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croegaert, Ana

    2011-01-01

    The official end to communism in Eastern Europe marked the onset of major migratory movements. Perhaps the most abrupt of these population shifts was the displacement of more than two million people in Yugoslavia's violent dissolution. Much of the existing literature on refugee migration has focused on victimization and citizenship claims. Alternatively, I draw on ethnographic research among Bosnian refugee-immigrants in Chicago to examine how a group of adult women migrants used one commodity - coffee - to manage and evaluate their displacements. The kind of slow-coffee drinking described here is informed by an ethics of consumption developed under Yugoslav socialism, nostalgias for pre-Yugoslav Islam and pre-Ottoman Bosnia, and exposure to U.S. neoliberalism. Placing consumption at the center of analysis reveals the structural constraints of the postconflict period and brings to light refugees’ active navigations of everyday life and society in their postsocialist present, lived out as refugees in the United States.

  19. 18S rDNA dataset profiling microeukaryotic populations within Chicago area nearshore waters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Searle

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Despite their critical role in the aquatic food web and nutrient cycling, microeukaryotes within freshwater environments are under-studied. Herein we present the first high-throughput molecular survey of microeukaryotes within Lake Michigan. Every two weeks from May 13 to August 5, 2014, we collected surface water samples from the nearshore waters of four Chicago area beaches: Gillson Park, Montrose Beach, 57th Street Beach, and Calumet Beach. Four biological replicates were collected for each sampling date and location, resulting in 112 samples. Eighty-nine of these samples were surveyed through targeted sequencing of the V7 and V8 regions of the 18S rDNA gene. Both technical and biological replicates were sequenced and are included in this dataset. Raw sequence data is available via NCBI’s SRA database (BioProject PRJNA294919.

  20. Optimizing Whole House Deep Energy Retrofit Packages: A Case Study of Existing Chicago-Area Homes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honnie Aguilar Leinartas

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Improving the energy efficiency of the residential building stock plays a key role in mitigating global climate change. New guidelines are targeting widespread application of deep energy retrofits to existing homes that reduce their annual energy use by 50%, but questions remain as to how to identify and prioritize the most cost-effective retrofit measures. This work demonstrates the utility of whole building energy simulation and optimization software to construct a “tool-box” of prescriptive deep energy retrofits that can be applied to large portions of the existing housing stock. We consider 10 generally representative typology groups of existing single-family detached homes built prior to 1978 in the Chicago area for identifying cost-optimal deep energy retrofit packages. Simulations were conducted in BEopt and EnergyPlus operating on a cloud-computing platform to first identify cost-optimal enclosure retrofits and then identify cost-optimal upgrades to heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC systems. Results reveal that prescriptive retrofit packages achieving at least 50% site energy savings can be defined for most homes through a combination of envelope retrofits, lighting upgrades, and upgrades to existing HVAC system efficiency or conversion to mini-split heat pumps. The average upfront cost of retrofits is estimated to be ~$14,400, resulting in average annual site energy savings of ~54% and an average simple payback period of ~25 years. Widespread application of these prescriptive retrofit packages across the existing Chicago-area residential building stock is predicted to reduce annual site energy use by 3.7 × 1016 J and yield approximately $280 million USD in annual energy savings.

  1. Statistical analysis of aerosol species, trace gasses, and meteorology in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binaku, Katrina; O'Brien, Timothy; Schmeling, Martina; Fosco, Tinamarie

    2013-09-01

    Both canonical correlation analysis (CCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) were applied to atmospheric aerosol and trace gas concentrations and meteorological data collected in Chicago during the summer months of 2002, 2003, and 2004. Concentrations of ammonium, calcium, nitrate, sulfate, and oxalate particulate matter, as well as, meteorological parameters temperature, wind speed, wind direction, and humidity were subjected to CCA and PCA. Ozone and nitrogen oxide mixing ratios were also included in the data set. The purpose of statistical analysis was to determine the extent of existing linear relationship(s), or lack thereof, between meteorological parameters and pollutant concentrations in addition to reducing dimensionality of the original data to determine sources of pollutants. In CCA, the first three canonical variate pairs derived were statistically significant at the 0.05 level. Canonical correlation between the first canonical variate pair was 0.821, while correlations of the second and third canonical variate pairs were 0.562 and 0.461, respectively. The first canonical variate pair indicated that increasing temperatures resulted in high ozone mixing ratios, while the second canonical variate pair showed wind speed and humidity's influence on local ammonium concentrations. No new information was uncovered in the third variate pair. Canonical loadings were also interpreted for information regarding relationships between data sets. Four principal components (PCs), expressing 77.0 % of original data variance, were derived in PCA. Interpretation of PCs suggested significant production and/or transport of secondary aerosols in the region (PC1). Furthermore, photochemical production of ozone and wind speed's influence on pollutants were expressed (PC2) along with overall measure of local meteorology (PC3). In summary, CCA and PCA results combined were successful in uncovering linear relationships between meteorology and air pollutants in Chicago and

  2. Efficacy of monitoring and empirical predictive modeling at improving public health protection at Chicago beaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevers, Meredith B.; Whitman, Richard L.

    2011-01-01

    Efforts to improve public health protection in recreational swimming waters have focused on obtaining real-time estimates of water quality. Current monitoring techniques rely on the time-intensive culturing of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) from water samples, but rapidly changing FIB concentrations result in management errors that lead to the public being exposed to high FIB concentrations (type II error) or beaches being closed despite acceptable water quality (type I error). Empirical predictive models may provide a rapid solution, but their effectiveness at improving health protection has not been adequately assessed. We sought to determine if emerging monitoring approaches could effectively reduce risk of illness exposure by minimizing management errors. We examined four monitoring approaches (inactive, current protocol, a single predictive model for all beaches, and individual models for each beach) with increasing refinement at 14 Chicago beaches using historical monitoring and hydrometeorological data and compared management outcomes using different standards for decision-making. Predictability (R2) of FIB concentration improved with model refinement at all beaches but one. Predictive models did not always reduce the number of management errors and therefore the overall illness burden. Use of a Chicago-specific single-sample standard-rather than the default 235 E. coli CFU/100 ml widely used-together with predictive modeling resulted in the greatest number of open beach days without any increase in public health risk. These results emphasize that emerging monitoring approaches such as empirical models are not equally applicable at all beaches, and combining monitoring approaches may expand beach access.

  3. The Influence of the Chicago School on the Commission's Guidelines, Notices and Block Exemption Regulations in EU Competition Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bartalevich, Dzmitry

    2016-01-01

    Antitrust rules are fundamentally informed and shaped by economic theories. Given the significance of EU competition policy for the European integration process, it is essential to disentangle the economic theories underlying EU competition law. There is abundant theoretical and empirical...... literature examining the influence of ordoliberalism on EC/EU competition policy. However, in recent years, ordoliberal principles appear to have been replaced by neoliberalism and efficiency-enhancing rationale in EU competition policy. This article puts forward the idea of clarifying whether the European...... Commission incorporates Chicago School theory into EU competition law provisions. The analysis is carried out on the basis of the European Commission's guidelines, notices and block exemption regulations. The analysis reveals that the Commission does, to a considerable extent, follow the Chicago School...

  4. Tobacco and alcohol billboards in 50 Chicago neighborhoods: market segmentation to sell dangerous products to the poor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackbarth, D P; Silvestri, B; Cosper, W

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes a study of billboard advertising of tobacco and alcohol products in the city of Chicago. All billboards were counted and their advertising themes noted. These data were matched with information on population and race from the 1990 census in order to document which geographic areas of the city, if any, had excess tobacco or alcohol billboards. The data revealed that minority wards were burdened with three times as many tobacco billboards and five times as many alcohol billboards when compared to white wards. The findings are congruent with studies conducted in other urban areas, which demonstrate a consistent pattern of tobacco and alcohol advertisers targeting poor and minority neighborhoods for outdoor advertising of their dangerous products. Chicago legislative initiatives based on the billboard study are described.

  5. DuSable High School Internet Project and its influence in connecting Chicago Public Schools to the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    York, D. G.; Mac Low, M. M.; Brown, B.; Franco, L. M.; Rebull, L. M.; Graziani, C.; Lauroesch, J.

    1998-05-01

    Jean Baptiste Point DuSable High School is a public school in inner city Chicago with a 100% African American student population, over 90% of which live below the poverty limit. In 1995, in partnership with the University of Chicago they applied to NASA's IDEAS program for seed money to bring the Internet to the school via a dedicated T1 connection. We will present the detailed successes and failures of this project. While several aspects did not work out as well as expected, in the long term the project did provide important guidance for a more sucessful involvement in 12 additional public schools in the same social situation. In these more recent involvements we have been able to provide more consistent and continued support than was possible at DuSable High School.

  6. VizieR Online Data Catalog: ChIcAGO. I. Sample and initial results (Anderson+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, G. E.; Gaensler, B. M.; Kaplan, D. L.; Slane, P. O.; Muno, M. P.; Posselt, B.; Hong, J.; Murray, S. S.; Steeghs, D. T. H.; Brogan, C. L.; Drake, J. J.; Farrell, S. A.; Benjamin, R. A.; Chakrabarty, D.; Drew, J. E.; Finley, J. P.; Grindlay, J. E.; Lazio, T. J. W.; Lee, J. C.; Mauerhan, J. C.; van Kerkwijk, M. H.

    2014-06-01

    A total of 93 AGPS (Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA) Galactic Plane Survey; Sugizaki et al. 2001, Cat. J/ApJS/134/77) sources have been observed with Chandra as part of the ChIcAGO survey, of which 84 were imaged with ACIS-S and 9 were imaged with HRC-I. The ChIcAGO Chandra observations took place over a 3.5yr period, from 2007 January to 2010 July (see table 1). The optical and NIR photometric observations presented in this paper were obtained using instruments on the 6.5m, Baade Magellan telescope, located at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile. The NIR photometry, 1-2.5um, was obtained using Persson's Auxiliary Nasmyth Infrared Camera (PANIC) on Baade. Optical photometric observations of the counterparts were obtained utilizing several Magellan instruments depending on availability. These included the Inamori Magellan Areal Camera and Spectrograph (IMACS) and the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Magellan Instant Camera (MagIC) on the Baade telescope. These instruments provide access to different photometric filters including Bessel B, V, and R and CTIO I. The Chandra positions of 10 ChIcAGO sources were observed with the ATCA (1.4, 2.4, 4.8, and 8.6GHz) on 2008 January 21 and on 2008 April 11. (7 data files).

  7. The relevance of rooftops: Analyzing the microscale surface energy balance in the Chicago region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khosla, Radhika

    Spatial structure in climate variables often exist over very short length scales within an urban area, and this structure is a result of various site-specific features. In order to analyze the seasonal and diurnal energy flows that take place at a microclimatic surface, this work develops a semi-empirical energy balance model. For this, radiation fluxes and meteorological measurements are determined by direct observation; sensible heat and latent heat fluxes by parameterizations; and the heat storage flux by a 1-D mechanistic model that allows analysis of the temperature profile and heat storage within an underlying slab. Two sites receive detailed study: an anthropogenic site, being a University of Chicago building rooftop, and a natural site, outside Chicago in the open country. Two identical sets of instruments record measurements contemporaneously from these locations during June-November 2007, the entire period for which analyses are carried out. The study yields seasonal trends in surface temperature, surface-to-air temperature contrast and net radiation. At both sites, a temporal hysteresis between net radiation and heat storage flux indicates that surplus energy absorbed during daylight is released to the atmosphere later in the evening. The surface energy balance model responds well to site specific features for both locations. An analysis of the surface energy balance shows that the flux of sensible heat is the largest non-radiative contributor to the roof's surface cooling, while the flux of latent heat (also referred to as evaporative cooling) is the largest heat sink for the soil layer. In the latter part of the study, the surface energy balance model is upgraded by adding the capability to compute changes in surface temperature and non-radiative fluxes for any specified set of thermal and reflective roof properties. The results of this analysis allow an examination of the relationship between the roof temperature, the heat flux entering the building

  8. Allocation of supplementary aeration stations in the Chicago waterway system for dissolved oxygen improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alp, Emre; Melching, Charles S

    2011-06-01

    The Chicago Waterway System (CWS), used mainly for commercial and recreational navigation and for urban drainage, is a 122.8 km branching network of navigable waterways controlled by hydraulic structures. The CWS receives pollutant loads from 3 of the largest wastewater treatment plants in the world, nearly 240 gravity Combined Sewer Overflows (CSO), 3 CSO pumping stations, direct diversions from Lake Michigan, and eleven tributary streams or drainage areas. Even though treatment plant effluent concentrations meet the applicable standards and most reaches of the CWS meet the applicable water quality standards, Dissolved Oxygen (DO) standards are not met in the CWS during some periods. A Use Attainability Analysis was initiated to evaluate what water quality standards can be achieved in the CWS. The UAA team identified several DO improvement alternatives including new supplementary aeration stations. Because of the dynamic nature of the CWS, the DUFLOW model that is capable of simulating hydraulics and water quality processes under unsteady-flow conditions was used to evaluate the effectiveness of new supplementary aeration stations. This paper details the use of the DUFLOW model to size and locate supplementary aeration stations. In order to determine the size and location of supplemental aeration stations, 90% compliance with a 5 mg/l DO standard was used as a planning target. The simulations showed that a total of four new supplementary aeration stations with oxygen supply capacities ranging from 30 to 80 g/s would be sufficient to meet the proposed target DO concentration for the North Branch and South Branch of the Chicago River. There are several aeration technologies, two of which are already being used in the CWS, available and the UAA team determined that the total capital costs of the alternatives range from $35.5 to $89.9 million with annual operations and maintenance costs ranging from $554,000 to $2.14 million. Supplemental aeration stations have been

  9. Modeling evaluation of integrated strategies to meet proposed dissolved oxygen standards for the Chicago waterway system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melching, Charles S; Ao, Yaping; Alp, Emre

    2013-02-15

    The Chicago Waterway System (CWS) is a 113.8 km branching network of navigable waterways controlled by hydraulic structures in which the majority of flow is treated sewage effluent and there are periods of substantial combined sewer overflow. The Illinois Pollution Control Board (IPCB) designated the majority of the CWS as Secondary Contact and Indigenous Aquatic Life Use waters in the 1970s and made small alterations to these designations in 1988. Between 1988 and 2002 substantial improvements in the pollution control and water-quality management facilities were made in the Chicago area. The results of a Use Attainability Analysis led the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) to propose the division of the CWS into two new aquatic life use classes with appropriate dissolved oxygen (DO) standards. To aid the IPCB in their deliberations regarding the appropriate water use classifications and DO standards for the CWS, the DUFLOW model that is capable of simulating hydraulics and water-quality processes under unsteady-flow conditions was used to evaluate integrated strategies of water-quality improvement facilities that could meet the proposed DO standards during representative wet (2001) and dry (2003) years. A total of 28 new supplementary aeration stations with a maximum DO load of 80 or 100 g/s and aerated flow transfers at three locations in the CWS would be needed to achieve the IEPA proposed DO standards 100% of the time for both years. A much simpler and less costly (≈one tenth of the cost) system of facilities would be needed to meet the IEPA proposed DO standards 90% of the time. In theory, the combinations of flow augmentation and new supplemental aeration stations can achieve 100% compliance with the IEPA proposed DO standards, however, 100% compliance will be hard to achieve in practice because of-(1) difficulties in determining when to turn on the aeration stations and (2) localized heavy loads of pollutants during storms that may yield

  10. 'Pharmacy deserts' are prevalent in Chicago's predominantly minority communities, raising medication access concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qato, Dima M; Daviglus, Martha L; Wilder, Jocelyn; Lee, Todd; Qato, Danya; Lambert, Bruce

    2014-11-01

    Attempts to explain and address disparities in the use of prescription medications have focused almost exclusively on their affordability. However, the segregation of residential neighborhoods by race or ethnicity also may influence access to the pharmacies that, in turn, provide access to prescription medications within a community. We examined whether trends in the availability of pharmacies varied across communities in Chicago with different racial or ethnic compositions. We also examined the geographic accessibility of pharmacies to determine whether "pharmacy deserts," or low-access neighborhoods, were more common in segregated black and Hispanic communities than elsewhere. We found that throughout the period 2000-2012 the number of pharmacies was lower in segregated minority communities than in segregated white communities and integrated communities. In 2012 there were disproportionately more pharmacy deserts in segregated black communities, as well as in low-income communities and federally designated Medically Underserved Areas. Our findings suggest that public policies aimed at improving access to prescription medications may need to address factors beyond insurance coverage and medication affordability. Such policies could include financial incentives to locate pharmacies in pharmacy deserts or the incorporation of pharmacies into community health centers in Medically Underserved Areas.

  11. Financing Rail Rapid Transit System: A Comparison Between Chicago and Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Detailed financial information of a rail rapid line project is often unavailable to the general public until a project has been completed for a couple of years and even for decades. This is especially true in the Chinese context. Based on available information, this paper compares four aspects of the financing of two rail rapid lines that were built almost simultaneously in Shanghai of China and Chicago of the US. The author finds: first, the central governments had the greatest impact on the capital investment in both lines; second, the formation of transit and financial plans in two cities both involved complicated political processes which were shaped by certain political figures and unforeseeable events; third, in the longer term, it was more expensive to maintain a rail rapid line than to build a new line in both countries; and finally, mainly depending on foreign loans and bonds, Shanghai faced greater challenge in offsetting the financial deficit. But this situation was improved as the Shanghai rail rapid system expanded and matured.

  12. Forty four years of dermatophytes in a Chicago clinic (1944-1988).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rippon, J W

    1992-07-01

    Data are presented on 39,270 cultures taken over a 44 year span (1944-1988) at the University of Chicago's Dermatology Clinic. In the mid 1940's Microsporum audouinii accounted for 60-80% of isolates. It gradually decreased over the next two decades and disappeared altogether in the 1970's. Trichophyton rubrum, rare in the 1940's accounted for over 60% of isolates in the mid-1960's only to be overtaken by T. tonsurans. This species, not isolated till the mid 1950's, became and remains the dominant dermatophyte at the present time. Both T. mentagrophytes and Epidermophyton floccosum increased in the 1970's and decreased later. Unusual circumstances resulted in clusters of T. verrucosum, T. terrestre, and T. schoenleinii isolates. Infections were associated with rural dairy workers, zoo handlers and immigrant families respectively. M. canis and M. gypseum were steady at a low rate throughout the entire period. Rare isolates included M. cookei, M. persicolor, M. racemosum, T. simii, T. soudanense, T. violaceum, and the soil keratinophile, Aphanoascus fulvescens.

  13. Assessing Spatial Relationships Between Rates of Crime and Rates of Gonorrhea and Chlamydia in Chicago, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marotta, Phillip

    2016-09-26

    Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain serious public health problems particularly in urban environments in the USA. Despite accumulating research into the role of aggregate rates of crime in shaping rates of STIs, few studies account for spatial dependence in the structure of geographical data. Using multiple spatial analysis methodologies, the following study investigated spatial patterns in community area rates of violent, drug, and property crimes and rates of infection of gonorrhea and chlamydia in 77 community areas in Chicago. Moran's I analyses confirmed global spatial dependence and statistically significant clusters of STI. Spatial lag regression analyses found that greater rates of drug crimes were associated with higher rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea after adjusting for percent in poverty and racial composition. Finally, a weighted geographic regression identified regions in the urban environment in which local regression coefficient values diverged from their global estimates. Spatial heterogeneity of STIs suggest that public health interventions must be targeted to specific areas of the urban environment with particular attention to substance use.

  14. Survey of viral populations within Lake Michigan nearshore waters at four Chicago area beaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Sible

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In comparison to the oceans, freshwater environments represent a more diverse community of microorganisms, exhibiting comparatively high levels of variability both temporally and spatially Maranger and Bird, Microb. Ecol. 31 (1996 141–151. This level of variability is likely to extend to the world of viruses as well, in particular bacteria-infecting viruses (bacteriophages. Phages are known to influence bacterial diversity, and therefore key processes, in environmental niches across the globe Clokie et al., Bacteriophage 1 (2011 31–45; Jacquet et al., Adv. Ocean Limn. 1 (2010 97–141; Wilhelm and Suttle, Bioscience 49 (1999 781–788; Bratback et al., Microb. Ecol. 28 (1994 209–221. Despite their prevalence and likely critical role in freshwater environments, very few viral species have been characterized. Metagenomic approaches, however, have allowed for a glimpse into phage diversity. We collected surface water samples from four Chicago area beaches – Gillson Park, Montrose Beach, 57th Street Beach, and Calumet Beach – every two weeks from May 13 through August 5, 2014. Sampling was conducted with four biological replicates for each sampling date and location, resulting in 112 samples. DNA isolated from each of the individual samples for a given collection date/location was pooled together, with one exception – Calumet Beach on August 5, 2014 – in which each biological replicate was sequenced individually. Raw sequence data is available via NCBI’s SRA database (part of BioProject PRJNA248239.

  15. Modeling and measuring neighborhood scale flow, turbulence, and temperature within Chicago heat island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conry, Patrick; Sharma, Ashish; Leo, Laura; Fernando, H. J. S.; Potosnak, Mark; Hellmann, Jessica

    2013-11-01

    The modeling of urban heat island (UHI) requires a multi-scale approach as it involves numerous physical phenomena spanning a range of scales. We have performed a comprehensive study of Chicago's UHI via coupling of mesoscale Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and micro-scale ENVI-met models. The application of the latter model to a Lincoln Park neighborhood and a parallel observational campaign will be the primary focus of this presentation. ENVI-met employs a computational fluid dynamics model to represent heterogeneity of urban areas, providing fine resolution output of UHI dynamics. In the field campaign, two stations located on rooftops of DePaul University buildings were each equipped with a sonic anemometer and vertical array of thermocouples, allowing investigations of spatial variability of flow, turbulent fluxes, and temperature profiles in an urban roughness sublayer. One of these was located above a rooftop garden and the other above a conventional rooftop. Downscaled output from the WRF model or a set of observational data served as initial and boundary conditions for the ENVI-met model. The model's predicative capabilities were assessed through comparison with another set of observational data, and dynamical causes for the model's poor behavior were identified. Funded by NSF Grant No. 0934592 and ND-ECI.

  16. The Chicago Center for Green Technology: life-cycle assessment of a brownfield redevelopment project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brecheisen, Thomas; Theis, Thomas

    2013-03-01

    The sustainable development of brownfields reflects a fundamental, yet logical, shift in thinking and policymaking regarding pollution prevention. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a tool that can be used to assist in determining the conformity of brownfield development projects to the sustainability paradigm. LCA was applied to the process of a real brownfield redevelopment project, now known as the Chicago Center for Green Technology, to determine the cumulative energy required to complete the following redevelopment stages: (1) brownfield assessment and remediation, (2) building rehabilitation and site development and (3) ten years of operation. The results of the LCA have shown that operational energy is the dominant life-cycle stage after ten years of operation. The preservation and rehabilitation of the existing building, the installation of renewable energy systems (geothermal and photovoltaic) on-site and the use of more sustainable building products resulted in 72 terajoules (TJ) of avoided energy impacts, which would provide 14 years of operational energy for the site. Methodological note: data for this life-cycle assessment were obtained from project reports, construction blueprints and utility bills.

  17. Exploding cities: housing the masses in Paris, Chicago, and Mexico City, 1850-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Harold L

    2010-01-01

    In The Mystery of Capitalism , the darling of neoliberalism, Hernando de Soto posits that secure property titles explain “why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else.” While social scientists have taken him to task for an oversimplification of the causes and remedies of poverty, historians have contributed little to this important policy debate. Applying comparative methods across time and space, such a retrospective analysis exposes serious flaws in de Soto’s thesis. Case studies of Paris, Chicago, and Mexico City covering successive, fifty-year periods support his contention that property law was the single most important factor in determining the fate of rural migrants trying to find a place to live in these exploding cities. But in each case, residential property played a far more complex role in creating the social and physical geography of the city than its simple exchange value. This article illuminates some of these alternative economic uses and embedded cultural meanings of identities of place. It also shows how urban growth machines create capital value in property for some by creating environmental injustice of substandard conditions of everyday life for others.

  18. Driving from Chicago to Buenos Aires: instrumentation courses during a road trip across the Americas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izraelevitch, Federico

    2017-01-01

    The Escaramujo Project (www.escaramujo.net) was a series of hands-on laboratory courses on High Energy Physics and Astroparticle Instrumentation, in eight Latinamerican Institutions. The Physicist Federico Izraelevitch traveled on a van with his wife and dogs from Chicago to Buenos Aires teaching these courses. During these sessions, groups of advanced undergraduate and graduate students built a modern cosmic ray detector based on plastic scintillators and SiPMs, specifically designed for this project. With the detector as a common thread, they were able to understand the designing principles and the underlying Physics involved, build the device, start it up, characterize it, acquire data and analyze it, in the way of real particle Physics experiment. After the five-days courses, a functional detector remained at each institution to train future students and to support and enable local research activities. About a hundred talented and highly motivated students were reached out with the initiative. Besides the aims to awaken vocations in science, technology and engineering, The Escaramujo Project was an effort to strengthen the integration of academic institutions in Latin America within the international scientific community.

  19. On the possibility of accelerating multiply charged ions in the CERN Synchrocyclotron

    CERN Document Server

    Giannini, R

    1975-01-01

    Some problems relating to the possibility of accelerating light ions in the CERN SC are studied. Deuteron capture conditions and the optimum radio-frequency versus time curve are calculated. Internal beam currents of some micro-amperes seem obtainable when using the calutron source as for protons. The same calculations were repeated for N/sup 5+/ taking into account the charge exchange process in the vacuum. A transmission of between 5 and 10% has been calculated, giving some 10/sup 10/ particles per second with a PIG source.

  20. The ISOLDE on-line isotope separator at the 600 MeV Synchro-Cyclotron

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1973-01-01

    Is at present being thoroughly modified and improved, in order to allow for the increased proton beam intensities, resulting from the SC improvement programme. This photograph, taken before the dismantinling of the facility in June 1973, shows the separator analysing magnet (centre background), the collector chamber of the mass-separated ion.

  1. The influence of coyotes on an urban Canada goose population in the Chicago metropolitan area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Justin L.; /Ohio State U.

    2007-01-01

    Canada geese (Branta canadensis) have become common in many urban areas, often creating nuisance problems for human residents. The presence of urban geese has raised concerns about the spread of disease, increased erosion, excessive noise, eutrophication of waterways, and general nuisance problems. Goose populations have grown due to an increase in urbanization resulting in an abundance of high quality food (urban grass) and suitable nesting sites, as well as a decrease in some predators. I monitored nest predation in the Chicago suburbs during the 2004 and 2005 nesting seasons using 3 nest monitoring techniques to identify predators: video cameras, plasticine eggs, and sign from nest using a classification tree analysis. Of 58 nests monitored in 2004 and 286 in 2005, only raccoons (Procyon lotor) and coyotes (Canis latrans) were identified as nest predators. Raccoons were responsible for 22-25% of depredated nests, but were rarely capable of depredating nests that were actively defended by a goose. Coyotes were responsible for 75-78% of all Canada goose nest depredation and were documented killing one adult goose and feeding on several others. The coyote is a top-level predator that had increased in many metropolitan areas in recent years. To determine if coyotes were actively hunting geese or eggs during the nesting season, I analyzed coyote habitat selection between nesting and pre-nesting or post-nesting seasons. Coyote home ranges (95% Minimum Convex Polygon) were calculated for 19 coyotes to examine third order habitat selection related to goose nest abundance. A 100 m buffer (buffer habitat) was created and centered on each waterway edge and contained 90% of all nests. Coyotes showed selection for habitats during all seasons. Buffer habitat was the top ranked habitat in both pre-nesting and nesting seasons, but dropped to third ranked in post-nesting season. Habitat selection across seasons was compared using a repeated measures MANOVA. Habitat selection

  2. Evaluation of a market in wetland credits: entrepreneurial wetland banking in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Morgan; Hayden, Nicholas

    2008-06-01

    With the rise of market-led approaches to environmental policy, compensation for permitted discharge of dredge or fill material into wetlands under Section 404 of the U.S. Clean Water Act has been purchased increasingly from entrepreneurial third-party providers. The growth of this practice (i.e., entrepreneurial wetland banking) has resolved many challenges associated with wetland compensation. But it has also produced (1) quantifiable temporal loss of wetland ecological functions, (2) spatial redistribution of wetland area, and (3) a degree of regulatory instability that may pose a threat to entrepreneurial compensation as a sustainable component of wetland-compensation policy. We used achieved compensation ratios, lapse between bank credit sale and the attainment of performance standards, distance between impact and bank site, and changes in bank market area to examine these 3 factors. We analyzed data from a census of all such transactions in the Chicago District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, compiled from site visits, Corps databases, and contacts with consultants and Section 404 permittees. Entrepreneurial banking provided compensation at a lower overall ratio than nonbank forms of compensation. Approximately 60% of bank credits were sold after site-protection standards were met but before ecological performance standards were met at the bank site. The average distance between bank and impact site was approximately 26 km. The area of markets within which established banks can sell wetland credits has fluctuated considerably over the study period. Comparing these data with similar data for other compensation mechanisms will assist in evaluating banking as an element of conservation policy. Data characterizing the performance of entrepreneurial wetland banks in actual regulatory environments are scarce, even though it is the most established of similar markets that have become instrumental to federal policy in administering several major environmental

  3. Tenant reaction patterns to the threat of a terrorist attack after September 11, 2001, in downtown Chicago office market

    OpenAIRE

    Sofia Dermisi

    2005-01-01

    The events of September 11, 2001 (9/11) spread the fear of other terrorist attacks targeting downtown office buildings across other major U.S. cities. Among them, Chicago owners and tenants were even more concerned because of the concentration of corporate headquarters and the site of the tallest office building in the U.S. This paper studies the tenant reactions in response to the 9/11 attacks in three locations within the Chicago’s downtown office market, comparing the before and after 9/11...

  4. Methods in probability and statistical inference. Progress report, June 15, 1976--June 14, 1977. [Dept. of Statistics, Univ. of Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlman, M D

    1977-03-01

    Research activities of the Department of Statistics, University of Chicago, during the period 15 June 1976 to 14 June 1977 are reviewed. Individual projects were carried out in the following eight areas: statistical computing--approximations to statistical tables and functions; numerical computation of boundary-crossing probabilities for Brownian motion and related stochastic processes; probabilistic methods in statistical mechanics; combining independent tests of significance; small-sample efficiencies of tests and estimates; improved procedures for simultaneous estimation and testing of many correlations; statistical computing and improved regression methods; and comparison of several populations. Brief summaries of these projects are given, along with other administrative information. (RWR)

  5. Planning Office and Community Influence on Land-Use Decisions Intended to Benefit the Low-Income: Welcome to Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Dominic Searcy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study explores urban planning office and community influence on land-use decision making in two poverty-stricken but redeveloping neighborhood areas in Chicago. The Department of Planning and Development in this study had marginal impact on land-use decisions due to administrative limitations. Community influence is moderated by the degree to which low-income housing advocates can act directly as developers and produce housing units. The research findings indicate that land-use decisions intended to benefit the low-income resulted not from community-based political conflict but more so from community organization cooperation with political actors.

  6. Integrating transportation and land use planning at the metropolitan level in North America: multilevel governance in Toronto and Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny R. Tremblay-Racicot

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article compares the policies and processes by which transportation and land use planning are integra¬ted in metropolitan Toronto, Canada, and Chicago, in the United States. Using twenty-four semi-structured interviews with key informants, it describes the array of interventions undertaken by governmental and non-governmental actors in their respective domains to shed light on how the challenge of integrating trans¬portation and land use planning is addressed on both sides of the border. Evidence concerning the political dynamics in Toronto and Chicago demonstrates that the capacity of metropolitan institutions to adopt and implement plans that integrate transportation with land use fundamentally depends on the leadership of the province or the state government. Although the federal government of each nation can bypass the sub-national level and intervene in local affairs by funding transportation projects that include land use components, its capacity to promote a coherent metropolitan vision is inherently limited. In the absence of leadership at the provincial or state level, the presence of a policy entrepreneur or a strong civic capacity at the regional level can be a key factor in the adoption and implementation of innovative reforms.

  7. A comparison of regional isentropic-sigma and sigma model simulations of the January 1979 Chicago blizzard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapotocny, Tom H.; Johnson, Donald R.; Reames, Fred M.

    1993-01-01

    In an initial effort in regional numerical weather prediction, results from the University of Wisconsin isentropic-sigma (UW theta-sigma) hybrid model and an 'identical' sigma model are compared. The two main objectives are to demonstrate the capability of the UW theta-sigma model for regional numerical weather prediction and to identify advantages of the hybrid model in simulating atmospheric water vapor transport and precipitation relative to the sigma model. The 72-h simulations produced by the two models extend over a region covering the western Pacific Ocean, North America, and the western Atlantic Ocean. The simulations begin at 0000 UTC 13 January 1979, a period during which an intense Chicago blizzard develops over the central United States. This period also includes the rapid development of a cyclone in the western Pacific Ocean. Results using the Global Weather Experiment (GWE) ECMWF level IIIB data as initial and verification data indicate that both models produce reasonable and similar 72-h simulations, with the UW theta-sigma model mass and momentum distributions being slightly more accurate than the sigma model. Of particular importance for the Chicago blizzard is that the UW theta-sigma model more accurately simulates water vapor transport northward from the Gulf of Mexico and westward from the Atlantic Ocean. As a result, the hybrid model more accurately simulates observed precipitation, especially over the northeastern U.S. and southeastern Canada.

  8. The state of pediatric asthma in Chicago's Humboldt Park: a community-based study in two local elementary schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Bridget

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pediatric asthma is a serious public health problem in Chicago and has been designated a high priority concern by residents of Chicago's Humboldt Park, a diverse community area with a large number of Puerto Rican, African American, and Mexican American families. Methods In May 2009, following the principles of community-based participatory research, a cross-sectional asthma screening survey was administered to adult caregivers of children attending two Humboldt Park elementary schools. Data were analyzed to determine the prevalence of diagnosed and probable asthma as well as the degree of asthma control among affected children; associations between asthma outcomes and mutable triggers were evaluated. Results Surveys from 494 children were evaluated. Physician-diagnosed asthma was reported for 24.9% of children and probable asthma identified in an additional 16.2% of children. Asthma was poorly or moderately controlled in 60.0% of diagnosed children. Smoking occurred inside 25.0% of households and 75.0% of caregivers reported idling of vehicles in their community. Report of general stress among caregivers, stress due to community crime, and/or an inability to cope with everyday life were significantly and positively associated with poor asthma morbidity and control among affected children. Conclusions Despite high prevalence rates and poor asthma morbidity and control in Humboldt Park, the association of these measures with mutable variables is promising. A community-based asthma intervention to address the issues identified in this study is needed to affect positive change.

  9. Good neighbors. A collaborative effort develops housing for the low-income elderly on Chicago's southeast side.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peregrine, M W; Lanctot, T E; Drinan, D; Kilbourne, B J

    1991-06-01

    On Chicago's southeast side, the Claretian missionaries--in collaboration with the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, members of the local community, and local business interests--will soon open Villa Guadalupe, a housing project for low-income seniors. Recent developments have combined to make the creation of low-income housing for the elderly more compelling than ever from a mission perspective and more feasible from a structuring and financing perspective. Since 1925, the Claretians have served a predominantly Hispanic population in south Chicago. The neighborhood suffered economic devastation in the 1960s with the collapse of the local steel industry. A 1985 needs assessment determined that nearly one in five elderly residents in the area lives at or near the poverty level. As a result of the assessment, the Claretians decided to develop the Villa Guadalupe project. For assistance in managing and financing the project, the Claretians drew on the resources and expertise of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, who have a history of ministering to the elderly. The project also had to overcome legal obstacles to securing property tax exemption from the state of Illinois. The project cleared another hurdle when it secured financing by issuing tax-exempt bonds secured by a letter of credit issued by a commercial bank. In addition, interest in monies from an endowment fund will make up the difference between funds Villa Guadalupe will receive through rents and the income that is required to support the project.

  10. Apropiación - revitalización mexico americana en Chicago. “Afirmando una identidad”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Galván Arellano

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available En el barrio de Pilsen de la ciudad de Chicago la comunidad ha venido realizado diversas acciones y esfuerzos para revitalizar e identificar este espacio antes multicultural ahora para los mexicoamericanos. Estudios realizados en la ciudad de Chicago, nos permiten conocer acciones y procesos de apropiación del espacio público por los grupos étnicos migrantes que se han instalado en esta ciudad. En Pilsen, uno de los más antiguos de la ciudad, existen organizaciones que han estado trabajando para revitalizarlo. Las acciones y objetivos que han emprendido pretenden buscar la identidad de los mexicanos emigrados a esta ciudad. Un ejemplo, el proyecto resurrección es una asociación que ha trabajado por más de veinte años, desarrollando múltiples acciones buscando no solo la identidad mexicana, también dignificar la vivienda y apoyar a los migrantes mexicanos. El Museo de Arte Mexicano, es otra organización que también ha contribuido para proporcionar y fortalecer la identidad mexicana en esta ciudad multicultural. Este trabajo pretende exponer los principales logros, limitaciones y los retos en la revitalización social y espacial de un lugar ocupado mayoritariamente por migrantes mexicanos en esta ciudad.

  11. L’étude et le traitement judiciaire de la récidive à Chicago, 1920 – 1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Fleck

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Les méthodes actuarielles ont un rôle croissant dans le traitement judiciaire de la récidive aux Etats-Unis, avec le développement du profilage criminel appliqué par la police ou des guides à la décision (guidelines proposés aux juges et aux contrôleurs judiciaires. Une visite historique des travaux sociologiques de l’Ecole de Chicago (1920-1940 nous permet de mieux comprendre la situation actuelle. Elle nous invite à reconsidérer leurs principales contributions méthodologiques,l’approche complémentaire des méthodes actuarielles et cliniqueset leurs préoccupations sur  leurs conditions d’usage.Actuarial methods have an increasing role in the judicial treatment of recidivism in United States, with the development of criminal profiling applied by law enforcement officers, sentencing guidelines for trial judges and prognosis intended to probation and parole officers. Revisiting the works on parole of Chicago sociologists in 1920-40 would enable us to understand better the current situation; it invites us to reconsider their main methodological contributions, which are the complementary approach of actuarial and clinical methods and their concern about their conditions of use.

  12. Association of genetic ancestry with breast cancer in ethnically diverse women from Chicago.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umaima Al-Alem

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Non-Hispanic (nH Black and Hispanic women are disproportionately affected by early onset disease, later stage, and with more aggressive, higher grade and ER/PR negative breast cancers. The purpose of this analysis was to examine whether genetic ancestry could account for these variation in breast cancer characteristics, once data were stratified by self-reported race/ethnicity and adjusted for potential confounding by social and behavioral factors. METHODS: We used a panel of 100 ancestry informative markers (AIMs to estimate individual genetic ancestry in 656 women from the "Breast Cancer Care in Chicago" study, a multi-ethnic cohort of breast cancer patients to examine the association between individual genetic ancestry and breast cancer characteristics. In addition we examined the association of individual AIMs and breast cancer to identify genes/regions that may potentially play a role in breast cancer disease disparities. RESULTS: As expected, nH Black and Hispanic patients were more likely than nH White patients to be diagnosed at later stages, with higher grade, and with ER/PR negative tumors. Higher European genetic ancestry was protective against later stage at diagnosis (OR 0.7 95%CI: 0.54-0.92 among Hispanic patients, and higher grade (OR 0.73, 95%CI: 0.56-0.95 among nH Black patients. After adjustment for multiple social and behavioral risk factors, the association with later stage remained, while the association with grade was not significant. We also found that the AIM SNP rs10954631 on chromosome 7 was associated with later stage (p = 0.02 and higher grade (p = 0.012 in nH Whites and later stage (p = 0.03 in nH Blacks. CONCLUSION: Non-European genetic ancestry was associated with later stage at diagnosis in ethnic minorities. The relation between genetic ancestry and stage at diagnosis may be due to genetic factors and/or unmeasured environmental factors that are overrepresented within certain racial

  13. Geology and ore deposits of the Chicago Creek area, Clear Creek County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, J.E.; Wells, J.D.

    1956-01-01

    The Chicago Creek area, Clear Creek County, Colo., forms part of the Front Range mineral belt, which is a northeast-trending belt of coextensive porphyry intrusive rocks and hydrothermal veins of Tertiary age. More than $4.5 million worth of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, and uranium was produced from the mines in the area between 1859 and 1954. This investigation was made by the Geological survey on behalf of the Division of Raw Materials of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. The bedrock in the area is Precambrian and consists of igneous rocks, some of which have been metamorphosed , and metasedimentary rocks. The metasedimentary rocks include biotite-quartz-plagioclase gneiss that is locally garnetiferous, sillimanitic biotite-quartz gneiss, amphibolite, and lime-silicate gneiss. Rocks that may be metasedimentary or meta-igneous are quartz monzonite gneiss and granite gneiss and pegmatite. The granite gneiss and pegmatite locally form a migmatite with the biotitic metasedimentary rocks. These older rocks have been intruded by granodiorite, quartz, and granite pegmatite. During Tertiary time the Precambrian rocks were invaded by dikes and plugs of quartz monzonite porphyry, alaskite porphyry, granite porphyry, monzonite porphyry, bostonite and garnetiferous bostonite porphyry, quartz bostonite porphyry, trachytic granite porphyry, and biotite-quartz latite-porphyry. Solifluction debris of Wisconsin age forms sheets filling some of the high basins, covering some of the steep slopes, and filling parts of some of the valleys; talus and talus slides of Wisconsin age rest of or are mixed with solifluction debris in some of the high basins. Recent and/or Pleistocene alluvium is present along valley flats of the larger streams and gulches. Two periods of Precambrian folding can be recognized in the area. The older folding crumpled the metasedimentary rocks into a series of upright and overturned north-northeast plunging anticlines and synclines. Quartz monzonite

  14. Concentrations of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons and inorganic constituents in ambient surface soils, Chicago, Illinois, 2001-02

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Robert T.; Arnold, Terri L.; Cannon, William F.; Graham, David; Morton, Eric; Bienert, Raymond

    2003-01-01

    Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds are ubiquitous in ambient surface soils in the city of Chicago, Illinois. PAH concentrations in samples collected in June 2001 and January 2002 were typically in the following order from highest to lowest: fluoranthene, pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, phenanthrene, benzo(a)pyrene, chrysene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, dibenzo(a,h)anthracene, and anthracene. Naphthalene, acenaphthene, acenaphthylene, and fluorene were consistently at the lowest concentrations in each sample. Concentrations of the PAH compounds showed variable correlation. Concentrations of PAH compounds with higher molecular weights typically show a higher degree of correlation with other PAH compounds of higher molecular weight, whereas PAH compounds with lower molecular weights tended to show a lower degree of correlation with all other PAH compounds. These differences indicate that high and low molecular-weight PAHs behave differentl y once released into the environment. Concentrations of individual PAH compounds in soils typically varied by at least three orders of magnitude across the city and varied by more than an order of magnitude over a distance of about 1,000 feet. Concentrations of a given PAH in ambient surface soils are affected by a variety of site-specific factors, and may be affected by proximity to industrial areas. Concentrations of a given PAH in ambient surface soils did not appear to be affected the organic carbon content of the soil, proximity to non-industrial land use, or proximity to a roadway. The concentration of the different PAH compounds in ambient surface soils appears to be affected by the propensity for the PAH compound to be in the vapor or particulate phase in the atmosphere. Lower molecular-weight PAH compounds, which are primarily in the vapor phase in the atmosphere, were detected in lower concentrations in the surface soils. Higher molecular-weight PAH

  15. What Matters for Staying On-Track and Graduating in Chicago Public Schools: A Focus on English Language Learners. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwynne, Julia; Pareja, Amber Stitziel; Ehrlich, Stacy B.; Allensworth, Elaine

    2012-01-01

    One out of every seven students in the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) is designated as an English language learner (ELL), and 30 percent of students in the entire district have been designated as ELLs at some point while enrolled in CPS. Many of the policies, programs, and resources targeting the needs of ELL students focus on students in elementary…

  16. Building Common Ground through Safe Spaces of Dialog: Transforming Perceptions on Intercultural Competence among Future Primary and Secondary School Leaders in Chicago, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortez, Gabriel Alejandro

    2014-01-01

    This paper highlights critical pedagogical methods used in a community relations class that introduces intercultural education concepts to current K-12 educators who are enrolled in a Masters of Education program at Northeastern Illinois University, which is located in the city of Chicago, Illinois, USA. The purpose of the class is to teach future…

  17. Papers and Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Midwest History of Education Society (22nd, Chicago, Illinois, October 24-25, 1986).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutkowski, Edward, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    Presented in seven parts, titles in part 1 of these conference papers are: "The Uses of Educational History" (Eisele); "The Modern Assault on Public Schools" (Romanish); and "Human Rights and Education" (Padavil). In part 2, the paper titles are: "Jane Addams' Hull-House" (Colky); "Educational Policy and Conflict in the Chicago Schools" (Smith),…

  18. Source Maps and the Social Studies: Essays, Lesson Plans, and Materials from Cartographic Traditions in Western Civilization. The University of Illinois at Chicago World History Project, 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A., Ed.; Wolf, Jacqueline, Ed.

    This resource book results from a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute for 30 teachers conducted in 1992 at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Curriculum materials developed were field-tested the following school year. Divided into three sections, part 1, "Essays," contains the following chapters: (1) "Maps in…

  19. Muusikamaailm : Glyndebourne'i ooperifestival hoos. Shtshedrin ja Olli Mustonen koostöös. Shostakovitshi-festival Chicagos. Nelipühafestival Herbert von Karajanile / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Inglismaal toimuvast Glyndebourne'i ooperifestivalist. R.Shtshedrin kirjutas oma 5. klaverikontserdi O. Mustonenile. M. Rostropovitsh dirigeerib Shostakovitshi-festivalil 9 erinevat kontserdikava Chicagos. Saksamaal Baden-Badenis lõppes 2 nädalat kestnud festival "Herbert von Karajan Pfingstfestspiele"

  20. A multilevel analysis of social ties and social cohesion among Latinos and their neighborhoods: results from Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Joanna; Kawachi, Ichiro; Molnar, Beth E; Subramanian, S V

    2009-09-01

    Research suggests that, among Latinos, there are health benefits associated with living in a neighborhood populated with coethnics. While social networks and social cohesion are the proposed explanation for the salubrious effect and are assumed to be characteristics of Latino immigrant enclaves, evidence for this is limited. We used multilevel regression to test the relative contribution of individual race/ethnicity and neighborhood concentration of Mexican Americans as predictors of social networks and social cohesion. After accounting for personal characteristics, we found a negative association between neighborhood concentration of Mexican Americans and social cohesion. Among Latinos, living in a neighborhood with increased coethnics was associated with increased social ties. Compared to non-Latino whites, Mexican Americans reported more social ties but lower social cohesion. Contrary to the assumption that Mexican immigrant enclaves beget social cohesion, we did not find this to be true in Chicago neighborhoods.

  1. Meeting the Challenges of Longitudinal Cluster-Based Trials in Schools: Lessons From the Chicago Trial of Positive Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Kendra M; DuBois, David L; Ji, Peter; Day, Joseph; Silverthorn, Naida; Bavarian, Niloofar; Vuchinich, Samuel; Acock, Alan; Malloy, Margaret; Schure, Marc; Flay, Brian R

    2016-11-07

    We describe challenges in the 6-year longitudinal cluster randomized controlled trial (CRCT) of Positive Action (PA), a social-emotional and character development (SECD) program, conducted in 14 low-income, urban Chicago Public Schools. Challenges pertained to logistics of study planning (school recruitment, retention of schools during the trial, consent rates, assessment of student outcomes, and confidentiality), study design (randomization of a small number of schools), fidelity (implementation of PA and control condition activities), and evaluation (restricted range of outcomes, measurement invariance, statistical power, student mobility, and moderators of program effects). Strategies used to address the challenges within each of these areas are discussed. Incorporation of lessons learned from this study may help to improve future evaluations of longitudinal CRCTs, especially those that involve evaluation of school-based interventions for minority populations and urban areas.

  2. Wild birds and urban ecology of ticks and tick-borne pathogens, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 2005-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamer, Sarah A; Goldberg, Tony L; Kitron, Uriel D; Brawn, Jeffrey D; Anderson, Tavis K; Loss, Scott R; Walker, Edward D; Hamer, Gabriel L

    2012-10-01

    Bird-facilitated introduction of ticks and associated pathogens is postulated to promote invasion of tick-borne zoonotic diseases into urban areas. Results of a longitudinal study conducted in suburban Chicago, Illinois, USA, during 2005-2010 show that 1.6% of 6,180 wild birds captured in mist nets harbored ticks. Tick species in order of abundance were Haemaphysalis leporispalustris, Ixodes dentatus, and I. scapularis, but 2 neotropical tick species of the genus Amblyomma were sampled during the spring migration. I. scapularis ticks were absent at the beginning of the study but constituted the majority of ticks by study end and were found predominantly on birds captured in areas designated as urban green spaces. Of 120 ticks, 5 were infected with Borrelia burgdorferi, spanning 3 ribotypes, but none were infected with Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Results allow inferences about propagule pressure for introduction of tick-borne diseases and emphasize the large sample sizes required to estimate this pressure.

  3. Integrating design and communication in engineering education: a collaboration between Northwestern University and the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Penny L; Yarnoff, Charles

    2011-01-01

    The required course for freshmen in Northwestern University's engineering school - a 2-quarter sequence called Engineering Design and Communication (EDC) - is noteworthy not only for its project-based focus on user-centered design, but also for its innovative integrated approach to teaching communication, teamwork, and ethics. Thanks to the collaboration between EDC faculty and staff at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, EDC students, at the beginning of their education, experience the excitement of solving problems for real clients and users. At the same time, these authentic design projects offer an ideal setting for teaching students how to communicate effectively to different audiences and perform productively as team members and future leaders in engineering.

  4. Impact of the economic recession on companion animal relinquishment, adoption, and euthanasia: a Chicago animal shelter's experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Hsin-Yi; Hart, Lynette A

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how the current economic recession (since December 2007) has affected dog and cat relinquishment, adoption, and euthanasia at the Anti-Cruelty Society animal shelter in Chicago, Illinois. The study compared temporal patterns of the investigated statistics before (2000-2007) the start of the current recession with the patterns after the start of the recession (2008-2010). The results showed that once the guardianship (ownership) of a nonhuman animal had been established, the recession did not greatly affect the owner's decision on relinquishment-except for the relinquishment of senior dogs, which may be associated with increased costs of care. However, an unfavorable economic environment may have reduced adoption of animals. The consequences of a decline in adoptions might be reflected in an increase in the proportion or number of sheltered animals euthanized. This study demonstrated how monitoring changes in temporal patterns in these shelter statistics can help guide animal shelters to better prepare for the current recession.

  5. Methods in probability and statistical inference. Final report, June 15, 1975-June 30, 1979. [Dept. of Statistics, Univ. of Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wallace, D L; Perlman, M D

    1980-06-01

    This report describes the research activities of the Department of Statistics, University of Chicago, during the period June 15, 1975 to July 30, 1979. Nine research projects are briefly described on the following subjects: statistical computing and approximation techniques in statistics; numerical computation of first passage distributions; probabilities of large deviations; combining independent tests of significance; small-sample efficiencies of tests and estimates; improved procedures for simultaneous estimation and testing of many correlations; statistical computing and improved regression methods; comparison of several populations; and unbiasedness in multivariate statistics. A description of the statistical consultation activities of the Department that are of interest to DOE, in particular, the scientific interactions between the Department and the scientists at Argonne National Laboratories, is given. A list of publications issued during the term of the contract is included.

  6. The Chicago Parent Program: comparing 1-year outcomes for African American and Latino parents of young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitenstein, Susan M; Gross, Deborah; Fogg, Louis; Ridge, Alison; Garvey, Christine; Julion, Wrenetha; Tucker, Sharon

    2012-10-01

    Data were merged from two prevention randomized trials testing 1-year outcomes of a parenting skills program, the Chicago Parent Program (CPP) and comparing its effects for African-American (n = 291) versus Latino (n = 213) parents and their preschool children. Compared to controls, intervention parents had improved self-efficacy, used less corporal punishment and more consistent discipline, and demonstrated more positive parenting. Intervention children had greater reductions in behavior problems based on parent-report, teacher-report, and observation. Although improvements from the CPP were evident for parents in both racial/ethnic groups, Latino parents reported greater improvements in their children's behavior and in parenting self-efficacy but exhibited greater decreases in praise. Findings support the efficacy of the CPP for African American and Latino parents and young children from low-income urban communities.

  7. Smoking-related behavior, beliefs, and social environment of young black women in subsidized public housing in Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfredi, C; Lacey, L; Warnecke, R; Buis, M

    1992-02-01

    Survey data indicate that young Black female smokers living in public housing are heavier smokers and have weaker motivation to quit, health beliefs and social environment less conducive to cessation, and less knowledge of where to get help to quit than other young Black female smokers in metropolitan Chicago. Compared with White women, the latter, other Black women smoke fewer cigarettes daily and have a stronger desire to quit and more concern about health reasons for quitting, but have a weaker belief in the risk of lung cancer from smoking, greater concern about quitting difficulties, and less knowledge of where to get help to quit. Low education, not race, is associated with higher smoking prevalence and less social pressure to quit or support for quitting.

  8. Photocatalytic degradation of Chicago Sky Blue 6B and Benzopurpurin 4B using titanium dioxide thin film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Abdul K. Mohammed; Katrina T. McKenzie

    2005-01-01

    Aqueous solutions of azo dyes undergo degradation to form harmless intermediates and colorless products following irradiation by visible light in the presence of titanium dioxide thin films. The dyes that were studied in this work are: Chicago Sky Blue 6B and Benzopurpurin 4B. Results obtained indicated that complete mineralization of the dyes took place under the experimental conditions. There was an increase in conductivity after the complete mineralization experiments possibly indicating the formation of ions such as NO3- and SO24- . Chemical oxygen demand(COD) measurements show a decrease in organic matter for both dyes following complete degradation. The effect of how changing experimental conditions such as pH, temperature and starting concentrations of dyes affected the rate of dye degradation was measured. There was an increase in the rate of disappearance of the dye color at lower pH. High concentrations of dye solutions required long degradation time.

  9. Mediators of the relationship between socioeconomic status and allostatic load in the Chicago Health, Aging, and Social Relations Study (CHASRS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkley, Louise C; Lavelle, Leah A; Berntson, Gary G; Cacioppo, John T

    2011-08-01

    Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with higher levels of allostatic load (AL). Posited mechanisms for this association include stress, personality, psychosocial variables, coping, social networks, and health behaviors. This study examines whether these variables explain the SES-AL relationship in a population-based sample of 208 51- to 69-year-old White, Black, and Hispanic adults in the Chicago Health, Aging, and Social Relations Study. AL was based on nine markers of physiological dysregulation. SES was inversely associated with a composite measure of AL; hostility and poor sleep quality helped to explain the association between AL and SES. Factor analyses revealed four AL components corresponding to the bodily systems of interest. SES was significantly associated with two AL components, suggesting that the effects of SES on physiological dysregulation are specific to certain systems in a middle to early old-age population.

  10. Assessing the Health Needs of Chinese Older Adults: Findings from a Community-Based Participatory Research Study in Chicago's Chinatown

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XinQi Dong

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to examine the cultural views of healthy aging, knowledge and barriers to services, and perception of health sciences research among community-dwelling Chinese older adults in Chicago's Chinatown. This qualitative study is guided by the Precede-Proceed conceptual model with community-based participatory research design. Data analysis is based on eight focus group interviews with Chinese older (age 60+ adults (n=78. We used a grounded theory framework to systematically guide the thematic structure of our data. Findings show participants described cultural conception of health in terms of physical function, psychological well-being, social support, and cognitive function. The availability, affordability, and cultural barriers towards health care services were major negative enabling factors that inhibit participants from fulfilling health needs. Perception and knowledge of health sciences research were also discussed. This study has implications for the delivery of culturally appropriate health care services to the Chinese aging population.

  11. Development of the Chicago Food Allergy Research Surveys: assessing knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of parents, physicians, and the general public

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pongracic Jacqueline A

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parents of children with food allergy, primary care physicians, and members of the general public play a critical role in the health and well-being of food-allergic children, though little is known about their knowledge and perceptions of food allergy. The purpose of this paper is to detail the development of the Chicago Food Allergy Research Surveys to assess food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among these three populations. Methods From 2006–2008, parents of food-allergic children, pediatricians, family physicians, and adult members of the general public were recruited to assist in survey development. Preliminary analysis included literature review, creation of initial content domains, expert panel review, and focus groups. Survey validation included creation of initial survey items, expert panel ratings, cognitive interviews, reliability testing, item reduction, and final validation. National administration of the surveys is ongoing. Results Nine experts were assembled to oversee survey development. Six focus groups were held: 2/survey population, 4–9 participants/group; transcripts were reviewed via constant comparative methods to identify emerging themes and inform item creation. At least 220 participants per population were recruited to assess the relevance, reliability, and utility of each survey item as follows: cognitive interviews, 10 participants; reliability testing ≥ 10; item reduction ≥ 50; and final validation, 150 respondents. Conclusion The Chicago Food Allergy Research surveys offer validated tools to assess food allergy knowledge and perceptions among three distinct populations: a 42 item parent tool, a 50 item physician tool, and a 35 item general public tool. No such tools were previously available.

  12. Improvements in children with cerebral palsy following intrathecal baclofen: use of the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Care and Comfort Caregiver Questionnaire (RIC CareQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Karin W; Tann, Beverley; Mutlu, Akmer; Gaebler-Spira, Deborah

    2014-03-01

    Implantation of an intrathecal baclofen pump is recommended for children with cerebral palsy as a means to improve care and comfort when other options fail to control severe hypertonia. Making an assessment of a child's spasticity-related limitations in both routine care and activity is a necessary component of selection of intrathecal baclofen candidates. The Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Care and Comfort Caregiver Questionnaire (RIC CareQ) is a validated, easy-to-use questionnaire that elicits information about the ease of daily activity and caregiving in patients with severe spasticity. Questionnaires completed by caregivers and patients at a pediatric physiatry spasticity clinic over an 11-year period were reviewed to evaluate whether the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Care and Comfort Caregiver Questionnaire captured improved caregiving and comfort of children with cerebral palsy and severe spasticity following intrathecal baclofen pump implantation. The Questionnaire scores showed improvement after intrathecal baclofen pump implantation, consistent with subjective reports of patient and caregiver satisfaction.

  13. „A Popular Expression of individuality“. Kriminalität, Justiz und Gesellschaft in der Gerichtsberichterstattung von Tageszeitungen in Berlin, Paris und Chicago, 1919 bis 1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Siemens

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Dissertation untersucht zum ersten Mal in transnationaler Perspektive die Gerichtsberichterstattung von Tageszeitungen in Berlin, Paris und Chicago während der Zwischenkriegszeit. Das journalistische Genre der Gerichtsreportage erlebte damals in allen drei Metropolen einen nachhaltigen Aufschwung, da hier moralische Normen und gültige Standards im Sinne einer „local moral order“ ausgehandelt werden konnten. Durch eine empirische Studie zu einer besonders aufschlussreichen Problemkonstella...

  14. Suburban migration and the birth outcome of Chicago-born white and African-American women: the merit of the healthy migrant theory?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, James W; Rankin, Kristin M; Janowiak, Christine M

    2013-11-01

    The healthy migrant theory posits that women who migrate before pregnancy are intrinsically healthier and therefore have better birth outcomes than those who don't move. Objective. To determine whether migration to the suburbs is associated with lower rates of preterm (unity. Neighborhood income underlies the protective association of suburban migration and birth outcome among Chicago-born White and African-American mothers. These findings do not support the healthy migrant hypothesis of reproductive outcome.

  15. Alternative Locales for the Health Promotion of African American Men: A Survey of African American Men in Chicago Barbershops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, A B; Moore, N J; Wright, M; Gipson, J; Keeter, M; Cornelious, T; Reed, D; Russell, J; Watson, K S; Murray, M

    2017-02-01

    African American men (AA) carry unequal burdens of several conditions including cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and HIV. Engagement of diverse populations including AA men in research and health promotion practice is vital to examining the health disparities that continue to plague many racially and ethnically diverse communities. To date, there is little research on best practices that indicate locations, community areas and settings to engage AA men in research and health promotion. Traditionally, the AA church has been a key area to engage AA men and women. However, changing tides in attendance of AA parishioners require additional information to identify areas where AAs, particularly, AA men congregate. The AA barbershop has been identified as a place of social cohesion, cultural immersion and solidarity for AA men but specific sub-populations of AA men may be underrepresented. To further investigate additional locales where AA men congregate, this study engaged AA barbers and clients in several urban community barbershops in Chicago, Illinois. 127 AA men over age 18y/o receiving grooming services in 25 Chicago area barbershops across 14 predominantly AA communities were consented and recruited for a quantitative survey study. The self-administered surveys were completed in ~15 min and $10 compensation was provided to men. Descriptive statistics were reported for demographic variables and for frequency of responses for locations to find AA men of specific age ranges for health promotion and screening activities. Outside of the traditionally used churches or barbershops, the top recommended recruitment sites by age were: 18-29y/o- city park or a recreational center; 30-39y/o- gym, bars or the street; 40-49y/o- various stores, especially home improvement stores, and the mall; and 50y/o+- fast food restaurants in the mornings, such as McDonalds, and individual's homes. The study participants also reported that locations where AA men congregate vary by age

  16. Empirical Operational Energy Analysis of Downtown High-Rise vs. Suburban Low-Rise Lifestyles: A Chicago Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng Du

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available It is widely accepted that the concentration of people living in high-density city centers offers greater operational energy efficiency and lower greenhouse gas emissions than lower-density expanded suburbs. The prevailing assumption is that lower-density suburbs are dominated by larger low-rise buildings that have higher building energy use requirements and greater per-person automobile travel requirements than high-density city centers dominated by medium- and high-rise buildings located in close proximity to a variety of public transit systems. However, very few studies to date have utilized empirical data at an individual household scale to evaluate differences in the operational energy (OE footprints for both building and transportation energy end-uses between high-rise urban and low-rise suburban households. Therefore, this work collects empirical data on building and transportation OE consumption by individuals and households living in two economically similar groups: existing high-rise residential buildings in downtown Chicago, IL, USA and existing low-rise residential buildings in suburban Oak Park, IL, USA. Data were collected from over 500 households via an online survey. We considered the following components of residential living: (1 building OE (BOE, which includes electricity and/or natural gas use for all building energy end-uses; and (2 transportation OE (TOE, which includes the OE for multiple modes of transportation (i.e., automobile, bus, subway, regional train, etc. based on average travel behavior in each location, as well as the OE for supporting transportation infrastructure. We estimate that downtown high-rise living in this sample of residences in Chicago, IL accounts for approximately 427 GJ of primary OE per household per year, on average, which was 14% lower than the average for suburban low-rise living in the Oak Park, IL homes (499 GJ per household per year. However, on a per-person basis, downtown high-rise living

  17. Training for the NATO Summit in 2012:The Chicago Model%从2012“北约峰会”看芝加哥模式的安保培训①

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郎文君; 赵佳

    2013-01-01

    The city of Chicago was notiifed that it would have the honor of hosting the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit in May 2012. The city would be the ifrst in the United States outside of Washington, D.C., to host a NATO Summit. Since some previous NATO Summit host cities endured violent protests and property damage, the Chicago Police Department’s Education and Training Division needed to put together a comprehensive and effective training program to prepare its offcers. The task was accomplished by dividing the members of the Chicago Police Department into different tiers. A review of the current Chicago Police Department crowd control program was conducted, and it was decided that other crowd control models used throughout the country needed to be studied. The Center for Domestic Preparedness had an ongoing training program relationship with the Chicago Police Department and was contacted so Chicago personnel could determine what crowd control programs were being used throughout the country. The tier-three personnel were trained through distance learning modules. There were two Chicago Police and Fire Department joint training sessions.%芝加哥警察局为2012“北约峰会”组织的安保培训被国际警察界誉为芝加哥模式,其主要有以下特点:将警员分成不同的等级来开展分专题培训;通过演练与模拟训练提高警察对人群管控的能力;有效地利用远程教育形式;警务指挥员学习了解一线队伍的能力;培训其他机构以获得他们的帮助与合作。

  18. The antinociceptive effects of intracerebroventricular administration of Chicago sky blue 6B, a vesicular glutamate transporter inhibitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Gang; Yi, Shoupu; Wang, Meiliang; Yan, Hui; Yan, Lingdi; Su, Ruibin; Gong, Zehui

    2013-12-01

    Accumulating evidence suggests that vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs), which control the storage and release of glutamate, may play a role in pain processing. Chicago sky blue 6B (CSB6B), which is structurally related to glutamate, is a competitive VGLUT inhibitor without affecting plasma membrane transporters. The present study was designed to investigate the antinociceptive effects of CSB6B in a number of pain models. The hot-plate test was used as an acute thermal pain test. Inflammatory pain was evaluated using acetic acid writhing, formalin, and complete Freund's adjuvant tests. Intracerebroventricular administration of CSB6B did not affect acute thermal pain responses in 50 or 55°C hot plate tests. However, CSB6B attenuated acetic acid-induced writhing in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. In addition, CSB6B reduced licking/biting behavior during the second phase, but not during the first phase, following an intraplantar injection of formalin. In the complete Freund's adjuvant test, a significant attenuation of thermal hyperalgesia was also observed in CSB6B-treated mice. At antinociceptive doses, CSB6B did not affect mice spontaneous locomotor activity. The present study shows that pharmacological inhibition of VGLUT activity was sufficient to attenuate experimental inflammatory pain and suggests that regulation of VGLUTs might be a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of pain.

  19. Consumer demand for green stormwater management technology in an urban setting: The case of Chicago rain barrels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ando, Amy W.; Freitas, Luiz P. C.

    2011-12-01

    Hydrological disruption and water pollution from urbanization can be reduced if households in urban areas adopt decentralized storm water controls. We study a citywide municipal subsidized rain-barrel program in the third biggest city in the United States, Chicago, to explore what factors influence whether households purchase this sort of green storm water management technology in an urban setting. Specifically, we regress census-tract level data on the number of rain barrels adopted in different parts of the city on socioeconomic variables, data on local flood frequency, and features of the housing stock. We find that rain-barrel purchases are not correlated with local levels of flooding, even though city residents were told by program managers that rain barrels could alleviate local flooding. Instead, rain barrels are heavily concentrated in places with high-income attitudinally green populations. We do find more rain barrels were adopted in places close to rain-barrel distribution points and near sites of hydrological information campaigns; thus, policy makers might increase green-technology adoption in areas where they can do the most good by reducing transaction costs and providing education programs to those areas. Finally, our results indicate that owner occupancy is positively correlated with green-technology adoption. Low-rise rental housing may have inefficiently low levels of adoption, such that city managers might want to develop programs to encourage storm water management investments by landlords who do not live in their own properties.

  20. Development of a comprehensive plan for utilization of digester gas moves towards energy self-sufficiency in Chicago, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunetz, Thomas E; Fink-Finowicki, Jarek; McGowan, Steve; Auerbach, Eric

    2012-01-01

    The Metropolitan Water Reclamation District (MWRD) of Greater Chicago's Stickney Water Reclamation Plant (SWRP) anaerobically digests approximately 430 dry tons per day (dtpd) (390 dry metric tons per day) of solids and produces 3.4 million ft(3)/day (96 thousand m(3)/day) of biogas from the anaerobic digesters, making it one of the largest municipal digester gas complexes in the world. Installation of new treatment processes, as well as future increases in flows and loads to the plant, are expected to significantly increase production of biologically degradable sludge and biogas. This paper presents a comprehensive planning study that was completed to identify and evaluate alternatives for utilization of this biogas. The best, sustainable approach was identified, taking into consideration economics, social impacts, and environmental impacts. The model results indicate that the most economically favorable scenario involves installing a cogeneration facility to produce electricity on-site, and operating it in conjunction with the plant's existing boilers to satisfy the heating needs of the plant. This scenario also provides the greatest reduction in GHG offsets at the power plants.

  1. The Image of Chicago in The Pit%《深渊》中的芝加哥意象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾绛

    2012-01-01

    With the deal of wheat in Chicago as its major theme, The Pit from one side reflects the behind - the - scenes commodity trading of American monopoly capitalism. The novel not only describes the heroine's psychologi- cal change and her funk towards city after her settlement in the city and mirrors objectively the operation of the wheat transaction at the primary stage of American monopoly capitalism, but also gives an account of the hero~ psychological metamorphosis formed after achieving great success and absolute failure in speculation in the pit in a very short time. Norris creatively constructs the images of "The Black Hole" and "The Sphinx" by which reveals the origin of tangled state of human nature and animal instinct and highlight the domination of economy in the early modern city.%《深渊》以芝加哥小麦交易为题材,从一侧面反映了美国垄断资本主义初期商品交易的黑幕。小说描写了女主人公劳拉定居城市后的情感变化和形成的城市恐惧感以及男主人公杰德温在交易场中投机成功和博弈失败的心理变态。在《深渊》中,诺里斯创构了城市黑洞意象和斯芬克斯意象,揭示了人性与动物本性纠结的本源,突显了经济主宰早期现代城市的主题。

  2. Sense of Community among Chinese Older Adults in the Greater Chicago Area: Findings from the PINE Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinqi Dong

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sense of community is a concept that has significant implications cross multiple disciplines, particularly in public health practice. However, there exists a knowledge gap in utilizing the sense of community in investigating the health of older immigrant populations. Objective: This study aimed to explore the perception of the sense of community among community-dwelling U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Data were from the PINE study, a population-based survey of U.S. Chinese older adults aged 60 years and above in the greater Chicago area. We administered the Sense of Community Index to measure the levels of sense of community. Socio-demographic information was also collected. Results: Our results suggest that Chinese older adults in this study sample reported a strong sense of community. In total, 86.7% of the participants reported satisfaction with the current neighborhood, and 78.4% expressed their desire to continue living in the community as long as possible. In addition, older age (r =0.11, having higher levels of income (r =0.08, being female (r =0.08, being unmarried (r =-0.06, living with fewer people (r =-0.22, having more children (r =0.11, having been in the U.S. for more years (r =0.12, longer residency in the community (r =0.15, higher overall health status (r =0.18, better quality of life (r =0.23, and improved health status in the past year (r =0.11 were significantly correlated with the higher levels of the sense of the community. Conclusions: The study investigation provided the basis for generating empirical knowledge for understanding the sense of community among U.S. Chinese older adults. Future research is needed to delineate the mechanisms underlying sense of community and health in the increasingly diverse aging population.

  3. Seismic data collection from water gun and industrial background sources in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal area, Illinois, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, William S.; Carpenter, Phillip J.; Adams, Ryan F.

    2015-01-01

    The water gun is a tool adapted from deep marine geophysical surveys that is being evaluated for use as an acoustic fish deterrent to control the movement of invasive marine species. The water gun creates a seismic signal by using a compressed air discharge to move a piston rapidly within the water, resulting in an implosion. This energy pulse may be able to modify fish behavior or destroy marine life, such as the Asian carp, at some distance. The effects of this energy pulse on structures in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC), such as canal walls, shore lines, and lock structures, are not known. The potential effects of the use of a water gun on structures was identified as a concern in the CSSC and was assessed relative to existing background sources during this study. During September 2011, two water guns with piston sizes of 80 and 343 cubic inches, respectively, were tested in the CSSC at varying pressures and distances from a canal wall consisting of dolomite and dolomite setblock. Seismic data were collected during these water gun firings using geophones on land, in boreholes, and at the canal wall interface. Data were collected at varying depths in the canal water using hydrophones. Seismic data were also collected during the occurrences of barge traffic, railroad traffic located near the electric fish barrier in Lemont, and coal-loading operations at a coal power plant near the electric fish barrier. In general, energy produced by barge and railroad sources was less than energy created by the water gun. Energy levels produced by coal-loading operations at least 200 feet from geophones were approximately four times lower than energy levels measured during water gun operations.

  4. Wild birds as sentinels for multiple zoonotic pathogens along an urban to rural gradient in greater Chicago, Illinois.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamer, S A; Lehrer, E; Magle, S B

    2012-08-01

    Wild birds are important in the maintenance and transmission of many zoonotic pathogens. With increasing urbanization and the resulting emergence of zoonotic diseases, it is critical to understand the relationships among birds, vectors, zoonotic pathogens, and the urban landscape. Here, we use wild birds as sentinels across a gradient of urbanization to understand the relative risk of diseases caused by three types of zoonotic pathogens: Salmonella pathogens, mosquito-borne West Nile virus (WNV) and tick-borne pathogens, including the agents of Lyme disease and human anaplasmosis. Wild birds were captured using mist nets at five sites throughout greater Chicago, Illinois, and blood, faecal and ectoparasite samples were collected for diagnostic testing. A total of 289 birds were captured across all sites. A total of 2.8% of birds harboured Ixodes scapularis--the blacklegged tick--of which 54.5% were infected with the agent of Lyme disease, and none were infected with the agent of human anaplasmosis. All infested birds were from a single site that was relatively less urban. A single bird, captured at the only field site in which supplemental bird feeding was practised within the mist netting zone, was infected with Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica. While no birds harboured WNV in their blood, 3.5% of birds were seropositive, and birds from more urban sites had higher exposure to the virus than those from less urban sites. Our results demonstrate the presence of multiple bird-borne zoonotic pathogens across a gradient of urbanization and provide an assessment of potential public health risks to the high-density human populations within the area.

  5. Environmental and social determinants of human risk during a West Nile virus outbreak in the greater Chicago area, 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Austin Connie

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The outbreak of West Nile Virus (WNV in and around Chicago in 2002 included over 680 cases of human illness caused by the virus within this region. The notable clustering of the cases in two well-defined areas suggests the existence of specific environmental and social factors that increase the risk for WNV infection and/or illness in these locations. This investigation sought to create an empirically based model to account for these factors and to assess their importance in explaining the possible processes that may have led to this pattern. Results The cluster pattern of high incidence of cases was statistically significant. The risk factors that were found to be important included the presence of vegetation, age, income, and race of the human population, distance to a WNV positive dead bird specimen, age of housing, mosquito abatement and geological factors. The effect of different mosquito abatement efforts was particularly notable. About 53 percent of the variation of the location of WNV clusters was explained by these factors. Conclusion The models developed indicate that differential mosquito abatement efforts are especially important risk factors, even when controlling for key environmental factors. Human population characteristics play a role in risk that is measurable in this ecological study but would require further research to associate causality with risk. The analysis of spatial clusters of case incidence indicates that this approach provides more insight into the focal nature of differential risk factors that tend to be associated with WNV than an analysis of all individual cases.

  6. The Burden of Grandparenting among Chinese older adults in the Greater Chicago area—The PINE Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinqi Dong

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Grandparent caregiving responsibilities influence feelings of burden in many older adults. Though grandparenting is traditionally seen as a rewarding experience for Chinese older adults, some research has pointed to the possibility of grandparenting burden in Chinese older adults in the U.S. However, there is a paucity of research concerning prevalence of grandparenting burden in Chinese older adults. This study aims to provide an overall estimate on grandparenting burden and examine its correlations with socio-demographic characteristics, self-reported health data, and time spent caring for grandchildren. Data was collected through the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE study. This community-based participatory research study surveyed a total of 3,159 Chinese older adults aged 60 and above, 2,146 of whom have grandchildren. We used four questions on a Likert-scale to determine levels of grandparenting burden. Our study found 22% of our participants who are grandparents experience grandparenting burden. Younger age (r = 0.12, living with four or more people (r = 0.09, lower overall health status (r = 0.09, lower quality of life (r = 0.09, and more time spent caring for grandchildren (r = 0.37 were correlated with grandparenting burden. Our findings show that grandparenting is not a necessarily rewarding experience for Chinese older adults, and that certain subsets of the population are more likely to experience grandparenting burden. Future longitudinal research should be conducted to determine causality as well the psychological, physical, and social effects of grandparenting burden.

  7. The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program: Discovery of the Most Distant Ultra-faint Dwarf Galaxy in the Local Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Myung Gyoon; Jang, In Sung; Beaton, Rachael; Seibert, Mark; Bono, Giuseppe; Madore, Barry

    2017-02-01

    Ultra-faint dwarf galaxies (UFDs) are the faintest known galaxies, and due to their incredibly low surface brightness, it is difficult to find them beyond the Local Group. We report a serendipitous discovery of a UFD, Fornax UFD1, in the outskirts of NGC 1316, a giant galaxy in the Fornax cluster. The new galaxy is located at a projected radius of 55 kpc in the south–east of NGC 1316. This UFD is found as a small group of resolved stars in the Hubble Space Telescope images of a halo field of NGC 1316, obtained as part of the Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. Resolved stars in this galaxy are consistent with being mostly metal-poor red giant branch (RGB) stars. Applying the tip of the RGB method to the mean magnitude of the two brightest RGB stars, we estimate the distance to this galaxy, 19.0 ± 1.3 Mpc. Fornax UFD1 is probably a member of the Fornax cluster. The color–magnitude diagram of these stars is matched by a 12 Gyr isochrone with low metallicity ([Fe/H] ≈ ‑2.4). Total magnitude and effective radius of Fornax UFD1 are MV ≈ ‑7.6 ± 0.2 mag and reff = 146 ± 9 pc, which are similar to those of Virgo UFD1 that was discovered recently in the intracluster field of Virgo by Jang & Lee. Fornax UFD1 is the most distant known UFD that is confirmed by resolved stars. This indicates that UFDs are ubiquitous and that more UFDs remain to be discovered in the Fornax cluster. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with programs #10505 and #13691.

  8. The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms among Chinese older Adults in the Greater Chicago Area—Findings from the PINE Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinqi Dong

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Musculoskeletal disorders affect many older adults and are a major public health concern due to rising prevalence. However, there is a paucity of research regarding the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in minority older adults, especially in older Chinese adults in the U.S. This study aims to provide an overall estimate on the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among Chinese older adults in the U.S. and examine the correlations between sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported health measures, and musculoskeletal symptoms. Data was collected through the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE study. This community-based participatory research study surveyed a total of 3,159 Chinese older adults aged 60 and above. Review of Systems (ROS was used to assess individual perceptions of musculoskeletal symptoms. We found 67% of participants experience musculoskeletal symptoms. Muscle or joint pain (55.3% and back pain (34.5% were the most prevalent types of symptoms. Being female (r = 0.18, having lower education (r = 0.15, living fewer years in the community (r = 0.05, having a lower overall health status (r = 0.22, and having a lower quality of life (r = 0.08 were all significantly correlated with reporting musculoskeletal symptoms. Our findings show that musculoskeletal symptoms are a common health concern among Chinese older adults, and that certain subsets of the population, related to sociodemographic factors, are more likely to experience these symptoms. Future longitudinal studies should be conducted to determine causality as well as changes in musculoskeletal symptoms burden.

  9. Agent-Based Model Forecasts Aging of the Population of People Who Inject Drugs in Metropolitan Chicago and Changing Prevalence of Hepatitis C Infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutfraind, Alexander; Boodram, Basmattee; Prachand, Nikhil; Hailegiorgis, Atesmachew; Dahari, Harel; Major, Marian E

    2015-01-01

    People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk for blood-borne pathogens transmitted during the sharing of contaminated injection equipment, particularly hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV prevalence is influenced by a complex interplay of drug-use behaviors, social networks, and geography, as well as the availability of interventions, such as needle exchange programs. To adequately address this complexity in HCV epidemic forecasting, we have developed a computational model, the Agent-based Pathogen Kinetics model (APK). APK simulates the PWID population in metropolitan Chicago, including the social interactions that result in HCV infection. We used multiple empirical data sources on Chicago PWID to build a spatial distribution of an in silico PWID population and modeled networks among the PWID by considering the geography of the city and its suburbs. APK was validated against 2012 empirical data (the latest available) and shown to agree with network and epidemiological surveys to within 1%. For the period 2010-2020, APK forecasts a decline in HCV prevalence of 0.8% per year from 44(± 2)% to 36(± 5)%, although some sub-populations would continue to have relatively high prevalence, including Non-Hispanic Blacks, 48(± 5)%. The rate of decline will be lowest in Non-Hispanic Whites and we find, in a reversal of historical trends, that incidence among non-Hispanic Whites would exceed incidence among Non-Hispanic Blacks (0.66 per 100 per years vs 0.17 per 100 person years). APK also forecasts an increase in PWID mean age from 35(± 1) to 40(± 2) with a corresponding increase from 59(± 2)% to 80(± 6)% in the proportion of the population >30 years old. Our studies highlight the importance of analyzing subpopulations in disease predictions, the utility of computer simulation for analyzing demographic and health trends among PWID and serve as a tool for guiding intervention and prevention strategies in Chicago, and other major cities.

  10. Agent-Based Model Forecasts Aging of the Population of People Who Inject Drugs in Metropolitan Chicago and Changing Prevalence of Hepatitis C Infections.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Gutfraind

    Full Text Available People who inject drugs (PWID are at high risk for blood-borne pathogens transmitted during the sharing of contaminated injection equipment, particularly hepatitis C virus (HCV. HCV prevalence is influenced by a complex interplay of drug-use behaviors, social networks, and geography, as well as the availability of interventions, such as needle exchange programs. To adequately address this complexity in HCV epidemic forecasting, we have developed a computational model, the Agent-based Pathogen Kinetics model (APK. APK simulates the PWID population in metropolitan Chicago, including the social interactions that result in HCV infection. We used multiple empirical data sources on Chicago PWID to build a spatial distribution of an in silico PWID population and modeled networks among the PWID by considering the geography of the city and its suburbs. APK was validated against 2012 empirical data (the latest available and shown to agree with network and epidemiological surveys to within 1%. For the period 2010-2020, APK forecasts a decline in HCV prevalence of 0.8% per year from 44(± 2% to 36(± 5%, although some sub-populations would continue to have relatively high prevalence, including Non-Hispanic Blacks, 48(± 5%. The rate of decline will be lowest in Non-Hispanic Whites and we find, in a reversal of historical trends, that incidence among non-Hispanic Whites would exceed incidence among Non-Hispanic Blacks (0.66 per 100 per years vs 0.17 per 100 person years. APK also forecasts an increase in PWID mean age from 35(± 1 to 40(± 2 with a corresponding increase from 59(± 2% to 80(± 6% in the proportion of the population >30 years old. Our studies highlight the importance of analyzing subpopulations in disease predictions, the utility of computer simulation for analyzing demographic and health trends among PWID and serve as a tool for guiding intervention and prevention strategies in Chicago, and other major cities.

  11. Chicago's ambition to be the greenest city in America : how has the private sector been engaged to stimulate green developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez, M. [City of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2004-07-01

    Chicago aims to become the greenest city in the United States. This paper discusses private sector engagement towards this goal, as well as the city's strategies in the creation of pilot projects, policies, practices and promotions. Projects include the construction of environmentally friendly public buildings such as libraries, fire houses and police stations, as well as the Chicago Center for Green Technology and the Ford Calumet Environmental Center. Details of construction techniques were examined, including solar water heating systems and the use of thermal collectors. Projected savings in heating and electrical usage were given. In addition, details of residential pilot projects were provided, including design competitions for healthier homes and the Green Bungalows project, which aims to renovate existing buildings to create greater energy efficiency. The creation of green markets was discussed, with details of the Brownfields Initiative and the West Pullman Business Park, a 200 acre site. Promotions and Initiatives instigated by the city were also examined, such as the Industrial Efficiency Program, which includes free energy and pollution audits for manufacturers, and the Corridor Program, currently targeted to 24 designated industrial companies. Various soil clean-up programs were examined, as well as city ordinances and conservation codes. The following future goals were presented: green certification for all contractors in Chicago; a phase out of permits for non-sustainable designs; and, a green design specifications guide for new projects. By 2020, the city hopes to have 60 Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) accredited buildings, 250 installed solar thermal systems and 100 city facilities declared 'energy star' buildings. tabs., figs.

  12. O legado do Departamento de Sociologia de Chicago (1920- 1930) na constituição do interacionismo símbólico

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Benedito de Campos Martins

    2016-01-01

    O artigo ressalta que os integrantes do Departamento de Sociologia da Universidade de Chicago nos anos 1920 não possuíam a intenção de criar uma nova vertente sociológica. O termo interacionismo simbólico jamais foi utilizado pelos seus participantes para designar os trabalhos que estavam realizando. No entanto, as pesquisas empíricas e a reflexão realizada no interior desse Departamento a respeito do processo de interação entre indivíduo e sociedade pavimentou o caminho para o surgimento, em...

  13. The individual and "the general situation": the tension barometer and the race problem at the University of Chicago, 1947-1954.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Leah N

    2010-01-01

    This article explains how social theories that posited white attitudes as the root of racial injustice gained traction in postwar social thought. Examining the production of a "tension barometer," an attitude survey that scholars from the University of Chicago's Committee on Education, Training, and Research in Race Relations created to predict interracial violence, I chart vigorous debate over the nature and causes of racial oppression in the critical postwar decades. Available-and unavailable-social scientific frameworks, activists" interests, and emerging anticommunism, the Committee's history shows, created an environment where individualistic conceptions of "the race problem" won out, despite critique.

  14. Summary of the Geographic Information System workshop, held in Chicago, Illinois, May 29--30, 1991. Final report, December 1989--December 1991

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, P J; Sullivan, R G; Sundell, R C; Messersmith, J [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1991-12-01

    The Gas Research Institute, in conjunction with Argonne National Laboratory, sponsored a workshop on May 29--30, 1991, in Chicago, Illinois, to give gas utilities the opportunity to learn about the availability, applications, and benefits of Geographic Information Systems (GISs). This report is a synopsis of that workshop and contains brief discussions, followed by copies of the viewgraphs shown at the workshop, for the following GIS topics: (1) introduction to GIS, (2) data development, (3) analytical functions, (4) use for gas pipeline right-of-way applications, and (5)video imaging and simulation.

  15. Determination of the physical parameters of the nuclear subcritical assembly Chicago 9000 of the IPN using the Serpent code; Determinacion de los parametros fisicos del conjunto subcritico nuclear Chicago 9000 del IPN usando el codigo SERPENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arriaga R, L.; Del Valle G, E. [IPN, Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Av. Instituto Politecnico Nacional s/n, U.P. Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Gomez T, A. M., E-mail: guten_tag_04@hotmail.com [ININ, Departamento de Sistemas Nucleares, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    For the Serpent code was developed the three-dimensional model corresponding to the nuclear subcritical assembly (S A) Chicago 9000 of the Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas del Instituto Politecnico Nacional (ESFM-IPN). The model includes: a) the core, formed by 312 aluminum pipes that contain 5 nuclear fuel rods (natural uranium in metallic form), b) the multi-perforated plates where they penetrate the inferior part of each pipe to be able to remain in vertical form, c) water, acting as moderator and reflector, and d) the recipient lodging to the core. The pipes arrangement is hexagonal although the transversal section of the recipient that lodges to the core is circular. The entrance file for the Serpent code was generated with the data provided by the manual of the S A use about the composition and density of the fuel rods and others obtained in direct form of the rods, as the interior and external diameter, mass and height. Of the obtained physical parameters, those more approached to that reported in the manual of the subcritical assembly are the effective multiplication factor and the reproduction factor η. The differences can be because the description of the fuel rods provided by the manual of the S A use do not correspond those that are physically in the S A core. This difference consists on the presence of a circular central channel of 1.245 diameter centimeters in each fuel rod. The fuel rods reported in the mentioned manual do not have that channel. Although the obtained results are encouraging, we want to continue improving the model to incorporate in this the detectors, defined this way by the Serpent code, which could determine the existent neutrons flux in diverse points of interest like the axial or radial aligned points and to compare these with those that are obtained in an experimental way when a generating neutrons source (Pu-Be) is introduced. Added to this effort the cross sections for each unitary cell will be determined, so that

  16. Causalidad del precio futuro de la Bolsa de Chicago sobre los precios físicos de maíz blanco en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alberto Godínez Placencia

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde 1993 el gobierno federal mexicano, a través de Apoyos y Servicios a laComercialización Agropecuaria (ASERCA,ha estado utilizando los futuros y opciones de la Bolsa de Chicago de los Estados Unidos como instrumentos paracubrir el riesgo de movimientos adversosde los precios físicos al productor y almayoreo de maíz blanco. El objetivo delpresente trabajo es validar, para el casodel maíz blanco, la pertinencia de usar lascoberturas de los EEUUpara cubrir el riesgo de los precios físicos en México. El conjunto de procedimientos econométricos del vector auto regresivo (función impulso-respuesta, descomposición de la varianza y la causalidad de Granger rechaza la hipótesis de que el precio futuro delmaíz amarillo US #2 de la Bolsa deChicago mantiene una relación de causalidad sobre los precios físicos semanalesde maíz blanco en México para el periodo 1998-2005, por lo que la cobertura internacional no es pertinente.

  17. Evaluation of Two CEDA Weatherization Pilot Implementations of an Exterior Insulation and Over-Clad Retrofit Strategy for Residential Masonry Buildings in Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neuhauser, K.

    2013-08-01

    This project examines the implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago. The strategy was implemented at a free-standing two story two-family dwelling and a larger free-standing multifamily building. The test homes selected for this research represent predominant housing types for the Chicago area. High heating energy use typical in these buildings threaten housing affordability. Uninsulated mass masonry wall assemblies also have a strongly detrimental impact on comfort. Significant changes to the performance of masonry wall assemblies is generally beyond the reach of typical weatherization (Wx) program resources. The Community and Economic Development Association of Cook County, Inc. (CEDA) has secured a Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) innovation grant sponsored by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). This grant provides CEDA the opportunity to pursue a pilot implementation of innovative approaches to retrofit in masonry wall enclosures. The exterior insulation and over-clad strategy implemented through this project was designed to allow implementation by contractors active in CEDA weatherization programs and using materials and methods familiar to these contractors. The retrofit measures are evaluated in terms of feasibility, cost and performance. Through observations of the strategies implemented, the research described in this report identifies measures critical to performance as well as conditions for wider adoption. The research also identifies common factors that must be considered in determining whether the exterior insulation and over-clad strategy is appropriate for the building.

  18. Baseline knowledge survey of restaurant food handlers in suburban Chicago: do restaurant food handlers know what they need to know to keep consumers safe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manes, Mindi R; Liu, Li C; Dworkin, Mark S

    2013-01-01

    In the U.S., foodborne disease causes millions of illnesses annually, resulting in thousands of deaths. To reduce food poisoning, restaurant food handlers need accurate knowledge of food safety principles as a starting point for the outcome of optimal food safety behavior. The study described in this article determined food safety knowledge gaps among suburban Chicago restaurant food handlers. A cross-sectional survey of 729 food handlers at 211 suburban Chicago restaurants was conducted from June 2009 through February 2010. A 50-question survey was administered by a trained interviewer in either English or Spanish. Mixed-effects regression analysis identified risk factors associated with an overall food safety knowledge score. The mean overall knowledge score was only 72% and substantial knowledge gaps related to cross contamination, cooking, and holding and storage of food were identified. Spanish-speaking food handlers scored significantly lower than English-speaking food handlers (p food managers scored significantly higher than noncertified food handlers, their score was only 79%. These data provide targets for educational interventions to remedy knowledge gaps in food handlers in order to prevent food poisoning from restaurants.

  19. Estrategias organizativas y prácticas cívicas binacionales de asociaciones de mexicanos en Chicago: Una perspectiva transnacional desde el lugar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xóchitl BADA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar del papel fundamental que desempeñan las redes sociales para articular políticas de colaboración entre organizaciones de inmigrantes, se han estudiado poco los factores locales que inciden en la capacidad de estas organizaciones para establecer vínculos estables con otras asociaciones. En este artículo se indaga la relevancia del lugar para entender los procesos de participación cívica binacional de los inmigrantes mexicanos a través de clubes de oriundos, federaciones de inmigrantes y organizaciones comunitarias de base en el área metropolitana de Chicago. Se concluye que la vinculación al lugar es fundamental para entender la capacidad de movilización política de las organizaciones de migrantes en Chicago, aunque matiza que la excesiva concentración de las acciones políticas de estas organizaciones en zonas geográficas territorialmente marcadas limita su potencial de incidencia política en espacios que se encuentran fuera de su territorio de acción habitual.

  20. One Year of Preschool or Two - Is It Important for Adult Outcomes? Results from the Chicago Longitudinal Study of the Child-Parent Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteaga, Irma; Humpage, Sarah; Reynolds, Arthur J; Temple, Judy A

    2014-05-01

    Until the last year, public funding for preschool education had been growing rapidly over a decade with most state programs providing one year of preschool for four year olds. Fewer three year olds are enrolled in preschool. To investigate the importance of enrollment duration, this study is the first to estimate long-term dosage effects of years of preschool. We use data from a cohort of 1,500 students in the Chicago Longitudinal Study who enrolled in the Chicago Public Schools in the mid-1980s. Many of these students participated in a high-quality preschool program called Child-Parent Centers (CPC) for one or two years. To address selection with multiple treatments, we employ inverse propensity score weighting. Relative to children who attended one year of CPC preschool, the two-year group is significantly less likely to receive special education or be abused or neglected or to commit crimes. The findings provide support for the long-term benefits of greater exposure to preschool.

  1. Retrospective Analysis of Implant Overdenture Treatment in the Advanced Prosthodontic Clinic at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinis, Aristotelis; Afshari, Fatemeh S; Yuan, Judy Chia-Chun; Lee, Damian J; Syros, George; Knoernschild, Kent L; Campbell, Stephen D; Sukotjo, Cortino

    2016-02-01

    The aim of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of implant-supported overdenture treatment provided by prosthodontic specialty residents. Twenty-three patients with 25 implant-supported overdentures (IODs) participated in the study. Seventy-four implants were placed by periodontic, prosthodontics, or oral and maxillofacial surgery students. All prostheses were fabricated in the advanced prosthodontics clinic at University of Illinois at Chicago. The condition of the peri-implant soft tissue, implants, and prostheses were evaluated. Complications and any maintenance were documented. Patients completed an oral health impact profile-14 and semantic differential scale questionnaires. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS statistical software. Twenty mandibular and 5 maxillary IODs were evaluated. Ninety-seven percent of the attachments were locators (Zest Anchors) and 3% ball attachments. None of the implants had lost osseointegration, but 14 implants (19%) had developed marginal bone loss in one-third of the implant length or more. Fourteen (19%) implants had developed dehiscence, which ranged from 1 to 4 mm. A variation in the width of the keratinized tissue, gingival, plaque, and calculus index was observed. There was a statistically significant relationship between the presence of plaque and the bleeding on probing on the buccal aspect of implants (P = .012). The incidence of dehiscence was significantly higher on the midfacial when the keratinized tissue was less than 2 mm (P < .0001). The majority of the complications were prosthetic in nature, such as broken denture teeth (74%) and worn or loose matrices (35%). Debris was observed in 19% of the locator abutments, and 36% of the overdentures were not stable in application of anterior force. Patients were compliant with oral hygiene protocols and their chewing ability was high (mean = 8.0). The overall experience was pleasant (mean = 7.5); the treatment provided good

  2. Donald Pierson e a escola sociológica de Chicago no Brasil: os estudos urbanos na cidade de São Paulo (1935-1950 Donald Pierson and the Sociological School of Chicago in Brazil: urban studies in the city of São Paulo (1935-1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar S.G. Mendoza

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo, em termos amplos, trata da influência de Donald Pierson, formado na Escola Sociológica de Chicago, que teve maior repercussão na pesquisa urbana no Brasil, nos anos 30 e 50, tanto na Sociologia quanto na Antropologia, na cidade de São Paulo. A pesquisa urbana no Brasil tanto sociológica quanto antropológica teve referenciais teóricos que deixaram sua marcas nos trabalhos da época. No meu argumento, se pensarmos nos campos científicos da Antropologia e da Sociologia Urbana no Brasil, uma das tendências teóricas em um momento histórico e teórico foi a Escola Sociológica de Chicago. Um resgate de pesquisas precursoras de estudos urbanos na cidade de São Paulo poderiam comprovar a influência da Escola de Chicago. Apesar de serem pesquisas isoladas, enfatizaram fortemente questões propriamente urbanas. Seria arriscado defini-las nesta época como uma Sociologia Urbana propriamente dita, em São Paulo. O motivo de trazê-las é demonstrar que realmente foram um antecedente dos estudos urbanos no Brasil, entre 1935-1950. Assim, posso dizer que a Sociologia da Escola de Chicago teve influência em três campos no Brasil: a relações raciais (negros, brancos e imigrantes, b estudos de comunidade (pequenas cidades rurais e c estudos na cidade (principalmente São Paulo. Portanto, estou pensando a cidade de São Paulo como um cenário em termos gerais, como uma agenda de pesquisa institucional nos anos 35-50. Entre as poucas e modestas pesquisas de Sociologia na cidade de São Paulo tomada como objeto de estudo, foi feita uma etnografia na cidade ou uma etnografia urbana diferente dos clássicos estudos de comunidades em pequenas cidades rurais. Temos inicialmente oito trabalhos que foram publicados principalmente como artigos em revistas, sendo o objeto de pesquisa alguns bairros da cidade ou em outras cidades. O ponto central do artigo está na ampla bibliografia que foi encontrada, e apresentada no final do texto sobre a

  3. Todos Nuestros Ninos Pueden Aprender a Leer: Guia para la Accion de Padres y Residentes (All Our Kids Can Learn To Read: Guide to Parent and Citizen Action), Chicago SCHOOLWATCH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Designs for Change, Chicago, IL.

    Intended for parents and all citizens concerned about improving Chicago's 592 public schools, this handbook, a Spanish language version of "All Our Kids Can Learn To Read" (1985), explains how important reading is to a decent education and future employment. Chapter one describes the school improvement campaign called…

  4. Chicago aberration correction work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, V D

    2012-12-01

    The author describes from his personal involvement the many improvements to electron microscopy Albert Crewe and his group brought by minimizing the effects of aberrations. The Butler gun was developed to minimize aperture aberrations in a field emission electron gun. In the 1960s, Crewe anticipated using a spherical aberration corrector based on Scherzer's design. Since the tolerances could not be met mechanically, a method of moving the center of the octopoles electrically was developed by adding lower order multipole fields. Because the corrector was located about 15 cm ahead of the objective lens, combination aberrations would arise with the objective lens. This fifth order aberration would then limit the aperture of the microscope. The transformation of the off axis aberration coefficients of a round lens was developed and a means to cancel anisotropic coma was developed. A new method of generating negative spherical aberration was invented using the combination aberrations of hexapoles. Extensions of this technique to higher order aberrations were developed. An electrostatic electron mirror was invented, which allows the cancellation of primary spherical aberration and first order chromatic aberration. A reduction of chromatic aberration by two orders of magnitude was demonstrated using such a system.

  5. Chicago aberration correction work

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beck, V.D., E-mail: vnlbeck@earthlink.net [1 Hobby Drive, Ridgefield, CT 06877-01922 (United States)

    2012-12-15

    The author describes from his personal involvement the many improvements to electron microscopy Albert Crewe and his group brought by minimizing the effects of aberrations. The Butler gun was developed to minimize aperture aberrations in a field emission electron gun. In the 1960s, Crewe anticipated using a spherical aberration corrector based on Scherzer's design. Since the tolerances could not be met mechanically, a method of moving the center of the octopoles electrically was developed by adding lower order multipole fields. Because the corrector was located about 15 cm ahead of the objective lens, combination aberrations would arise with the objective lens. This fifth order aberration would then limit the aperture of the microscope. The transformation of the off axis aberration coefficients of a round lens was developed and a means to cancel anisotropic coma was developed. A new method of generating negative spherical aberration was invented using the combination aberrations of hexapoles. Extensions of this technique to higher order aberrations were developed. An electrostatic electron mirror was invented, which allows the cancellation of primary spherical aberration and first order chromatic aberration. A reduction of chromatic aberration by two orders of magnitude was demonstrated using such a system. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crewe and his group made significant advances in aberration correction and reduction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A deeper understanding of the quadrupole octopole corrector was developed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A scheme to correct spherical aberration using hexapoles was developed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chromatic aberration was corrected using a uniform field mirror.

  6. Energy savings for heat-island reduction strategies in Chicago and Houston (including updates for Baton Rouge, Sacramento, and Salt Lake City)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.

    2002-02-28

    In 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the ''Heat Island Reduction Initiative'' to quantify the potential benefits of Heat-Island Reduction (HIR) strategies (i.e., shade trees, reflective roofs, reflective pavements and urban vegetation) to reduce cooling-energy use in buildings, lower the ambient air temperature and improve urban air quality in cities, and reduce CO2 emissions from power plants. Under this initiative, the Urban Heat Island Pilot Project (UHIPP) was created with the objective of investigating the potential of HIR strategies in residential and commercial buildings in three initial UHIPP cities: Baton Rouge, LA; Sacramento, CA; and Salt Lake City, UT. Later two other cities, Chicago, IL and Houston, TX were added to the UHIPP. In an earlier report we summarized our efforts to calculate the annual energy savings, peak power avoidance, and annual CO2 reduction obtainable from the introduction of HIR strategies in the initial three cities. This report summarizes the results of our study for Chicago and Houston. In this analysis, we focused on three building types that offer the highest potential savings: single-family residence, office and retail store. Each building type was characterized in detail by vintage and system type (i.e., old and new building constructions, and gas and electric heat). We used the prototypical building characteristics developed earlier for each building type and simulated the impact of HIR strategies on building cooling- and heating-energy use and peak power demand using the DOE-2.1E model. Our simulations included the impact of (1) strategically-placed shade trees near buildings [direct effect], (2) use of high-albedo roofing material on the building [direct effect], (3) urban reforestation with high-albedo pavements and building surfaces [indirect effect] and (4) combined strategies 1, 2, and 3 [direct and indirect effects]. We then estimated the total roof area of air

  7. The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. I. A New Approach to the Distance Ladder Using Only Distance Indicators of Population II

    CERN Document Server

    Beaton, Rachael L; Madore, Barry F; Bono, Giuseppe; Carlson, Erika K; Clementini, Gisella; Durbin, Meredith J; Garofalo, Alessia; Hatt, Dylan; Jang, In Sung; Lee, Myung Gyoon; Monson, Andrew J; Rich, Jeffrey A; Scowcroft, Victoria; Seibert, Mark; Sturch, Laura; Yang, Soung-Chul

    2016-01-01

    We present an overview of the Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program, an ongoing program to obtain a 3 per cent measurement of the Hubble constant using alternative methods to the traditional Cepheid distance scale. We aim to establish a completely independent route to the Hubble constant using RR Lyrae variables, the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB), and Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). This alternative distance ladder can be applied to galaxies of any Hubble Type, of any inclination, and, utilizing old stars in low density environments, is robust to the degenerate effects of metallicity and interstellar extinction. Given the relatively small number of SNe Ia host galaxies with independently measured distances, these properties provide a great systematic advantage in the measurement of the Hubble constant via the distance ladder. Initially, the accuracy of our value of the Hubble constant will be set by the five Galactic RR Lyrae calibrators with Hubble Space Telescope Fine-Guidance Sensor parallaxes. With Gaia, both...

  8. Nature and the public: Urban ecology and the politics of transportation in Progressive - Era Chicago. / La naturaleza y el público: La ecología urbana y la política de transporte en la progresista - Era Chicago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurovich W. Alberto (Presentador

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that the model of urban ecology, as was formulated by Burgess, and McKenzie Park, comes from a uniquely local political context, in a city that had been the site of years of intense political agitation for reform. It shows how the specific model development will, in turn, used to intervene in this kind of "social laboratory of the nation ", to the extent that its principles will help identify priorities and dynamics of public policy Chicago in the decades following its publication. / Este artículo sostiene que el modelo de la ecología urbana, tal y como fuera formulado por Burgess, Park y McKenzie, surge de un contexto político específicamente local, en una ciudad que había sido el lugar de años de intensa agitación política de reforma. Se muestra cómo el específico desarrollo del modelo será, a su vez, utilizado para intervenir en esa suerte de "laboratorio social de la nación", en la medida en que sus postulados van a contribuir a determinar las prioridades y dinámicas de la política pública de Chicago en las décadas siguientes a su publicación.

  9. Evaluation of the potential for hysteresis in index-velocity ratings for the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal near Lemont, Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, P. Ryan; Sinha, Sumit; Dutta, Som; Johnson, Kevin K.; Duncker, James J.; Garcia, Marcelo H.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is responsible for monitoring flows in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC) near Lemont, Illinois, as a part of the Lake Michigan Diversion Accounting overseen by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Chicago District. Lake Michigan Diversion Accounting is mandated by a U.S. Supreme Court decree in order to monitor, and limit, the State of Illinois’ annual diversion of Great Lakes water through the manmade CSSC. Every 5 years, a technical review committee consisting of practicing engineers and academics reviews USGS streamgaging practices in the CSSC near Lemont, Illinois. The sixth technical review committee expressed concern that the index-velocity rating—the method used to estimate mean cross-sectional velocity from a measured index velocity—may be subject to hysteresis at this site because of the unique, unsteady hydraulics of the canal. Hysteresis in index-velocity ratings can occur at sites where the flow distribution in the channel varies significantly between the rising and falling limbs of the hydrograph for the same discharge. Presently, hysteresis in index-velocity ratings has been documented only in tidally affected sites. This report investigates whether hysteresis can occur at this nontidal site, and the conditions under which it is likely to occur, by using both a theoretical approach and a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model. The theoretical analysis investigated the conditions required for hysteresis in the index-velocity rating, and the modeling analysis focused on the effect of the timing of the inflows from the CSSC and the Cal-Sag Channel on the potential for hysteresis and whether highly resolved simulations of actual high-flow events show any evidence of hysteresis. Based on both a theoretical analysis using observed historical data and an analysis using a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model, there is no conclusive evidence for the existence of hysteresis in the index-velocity rating at the USGS

  10. Analysis of ground vibrations produced by an 80 in3 water gun in the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Lemont, Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koebel, Carolyn Michelle

    Since its completion in 1910, the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC) has become a pathway for invasive species (and potentially Asian carp) to reach the Great Lakes. Currently, an electric barrier is used to prevent Asian carp migration through the canal, but the need for a secondary method is necessary, especially when the electric barrier undergoes maintenance. The underwater Asian carp "cannon" (water gun) provides such a method. Analysis of the ground movement produced by an 80 in3 water gun in the CSSC was performed in order to establish any potential for damage to the either the canal or structures built along the canal. Ground movement was collected using 3-component geophones on both the land surface and in boreholes. The peak particle velocities (PPVs) were analyzed to determine if damage would be caused to structures located along the canal. Vector sum velocity ground movement along the canal wall was as high as 0.28 in/s (7.11 mm/s), which is much lower than the United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) ground vibration damage threshold of 0.75 in/s (19.1 mm/s), causing no potential for damage to structures along the canal wall. The dominant frequency of ground motion produced by the water gun is primarily above 40 Hz, so the wave energy should attenuate fairly quickly away from the canal wall, with little disturbance to structures further from the wall.

  11. HDL efflux capacity, HDL particle size, and high-risk carotid atherosclerosis in a cohort of asymptomatic older adults: the Chicago Healthy Aging Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutharasan, R Kannan; Thaxton, C Shad; Berry, Jarett; Daviglus, Martha L; Yuan, Chun; Sun, Jie; Ayers, Colby; Lloyd-Jones, Donald M; Wilkins, John T

    2017-03-01

    HDL efflux capacity and HDL particle size are associated with atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) events in middle-aged individuals; however, it is unclear whether these associations are present in older adults. We sampled 402 Chicago Healthy Aging Study participants who underwent a dedicated carotid MRI assessment for lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) plaque. We measured HDL particle size, HDL particle number, and LDL particle number with NMR spectroscopy, as well as HDL efflux capacity. We quantified the associations between HDL particle size and HDL efflux using adjusted linear regression models. We quantified associations between the presence of LRNC and HDL and LDL particle number, HDL particle size, and HDL efflux capacity using adjusted logistic regression models. HDL efflux capacity was directly associated with large (β = 0.037, P HDL particle concentration and inversely associated with small (β = -0.0049, P = 0.018) HDL particle concentration in multivariable adjusted models. HDL efflux capacity and HDL particle number were inversely associated with prevalent LRNC plaque in unadjusted models (odds ratio: 0.5; 95% confidence interval: 0.26, 0.96), but not after multivariable adjustment. HDL particle size was not associated with prevalent LRNC. HDL particle size was significantly associated with HDL efflux capacity, suggesting that differences in HDL efflux capacity may be due to structural differences in HDL particles. Future research is needed to determine whether HDL efflux is a marker of ASCVD risk in older populations.

  12. Evaluation of Two CEDA Weatherization Pilot Implementations of an Exterior Insulation and Over-Clad Retrofit Strategy for Residential Masonry Buildings in Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neuhauser, Ken [Building Science Corporation, Somerville, MA (United States)

    2013-08-01

    This project examines the implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago—a free-standing two story two-family dwelling and a larger free-standing multifamily building. The test homes selected for this research represent predominant housing types for the Chicago area, in which high heating energy use typical in these buildings threaten housing affordability, and uninsulated mass masonry wall assemblies are uncomfortable for residents. In this project, the Community and Economic Development Association of Cook County, Inc. (CEDA) has secured a Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) innovation grant sponsored by DOE to pursue a pilot implementation of innovative approaches to retrofit in masonry wall enclosures. The retrofit measures are evaluated in terms of feasibility, cost and performance. Through observations of the strategies implemented, the research described in this report identifies measures critical to performance as well as conditions for wider adoption. The research also identifies common factors that must be considered in determining whether the exterior insulation and over-clad strategy is appropriate for the building.

  13. The impact of assimilating radar-estimated rain rates on simulation of precipitation in the 17-18 July 1996 Chicago floods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xingbao; Yau, M. K.; Nagarajan, B.; Fillion, Luc

    2010-03-01

    Rainfall prediction remains one of the most challenging problems in weather forecasting. In order to improve high-resolution quantitative precipitation forecasts (QPF), a new procedure for assimilating rainfall rate derived from radar composite reflectivity has been proposed and tested in a numerical simulation of the Chicago floods of 17-18 July 1996. The methodology is based on the one-dimensional variation scheme (1DVAR) assimilation approach introduced by Fillion and Errico but applied here using the Kain-Fritsch convective parameterization scheme (KF CPS). The novel feature of this work is the continuous assimilation of radar estimated rain rate over a three hour period, rather than a single assimilation at the initial (analysis) time. Most of the characteristics of this precipitation event, including the propagation, regeneration of mesoscale convective systems, the frontal boundary across the Midwest and the evolution of the low-level jet are better captured in the simulation as the radar-estimated precipitation rate is assimilated. The results indicate that precipitation assimilation during the early stage can improve the simulated mesoscale feature of the convection system and shorten the spin-up time significantly. Comparison of precipitation forecasts between the experiments with and without the 1DVAR indicates that the 1DVAR scheme has a positive impact on the QPF up to 36 hours in terms of the bias and bias equalized threat scores.

  14. A novel contrast stain for the rapid diagnosis of pityriasis versicolor: A comparison of Chicago Sky Blue 6B stain, potassium hydroxide mount and culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikita Lodha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The mycological study of pityriasis versicolor is usually done by potassium hydroxide (KOH mount and culture. However, KOH mount lacks a color contrast and requires a trained eye to interpret, while culture is difficult to perform, time consuming and has low sensitivity. Chicago Sky Blue 6B (CSB is a new contrast stain that highlights the fungal hyphae and spores, blue against a purplish background. Aims and Objectives: This study was done to compare the utility of a novel contrast stain (CSB stain with KOH mount and culture. Materials and Methods: Skin scrapings from the lesions of 100 clinically diagnosed cases of P. versicolor were subjected to (1 KOH mount and CSB stain for direct microscopic examination and (2 culture using Sabouraud′s dextrose agar. The statistical analysis of CSB stain and culture was done using KOH mount as the reference method, as it is the most commonly performed and practical diagnostic test available for P. versicolor. An interrater reliability analysis using the Cohen′s Kappa statistic was performed to determine consistency (agreement among the different modalities. Observations and Results: Direct microscopy with CSB stain, KOH mount and mycological culture showed positive results in 98 (98%, 92 (92% and 56 (56% patients, respectively. Using KOH mount as the reference method, CSB stain had a sensitivity of 100% which was significantly higher than culture (60.9%. Statistically significant fair agreement was found between CSB stain and KOH mount (94% with κ=0.38, P < 0.001. Negligible agreement was found between CSB stain and culture (66%, κ=0.199, P = 0.001 as well as between KOH mount and culture (64%, κ=0.051, P = 0.107. Conclusion: CSB staining of skin scrapings is the most sensitive method for the diagnosis of pityriasis versicolor. Due to the distinct contrast provided by CSB, it is easy to perform, rapid and qualitatively superior to KOH mount.

  15. A Novel Strategy to Increase Identification of African-Born People With Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the Chicago Metropolitan Area, 2012–2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Sharon; Johnson, Matthew; Harris, Aaron M.; Kaufman, Gary I.; Freedman, David; Quinn, Michael T.; Kim, Karen E.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Most research on hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the United States is limited to Asian populations, despite an equally high prevalence among African immigrants. The purpose of this study was to determine testing and detection rates of HBV infection among African-born people residing in the Chicago metropolitan area. Methods A hepatitis education and prevention program was developed in collaboration with academic, clinical, and community partners for immigrant and refugee populations at risk for HBV infection. Community health workers implemented chain referral sampling, a novel strategy for recruiting hard-to-reach participants, targeting African-born participants. Participants were tested in both clinical and nonclinical settings. To assess infection status, blood samples were obtained for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), core antibody, and surface antibody testing. Demographic information was collected on age, sex, health insurance status, country of origin, and years residing in the United States. Participants were notified of testing results, and HBsAg-positive participants were referred for follow-up medical care. Results Of 1,000 African-born people who received education, 445 (45%) agreed to participate in HBV screening. There were 386 (87%) participants tested in clinical and 59 (13%) tested in nonclinical sites. Compared with participants who were tested in clinical settings, participants tested in nonclinical settings were older, were less likely to have health insurance, and had lived in the United States longer (P Somalia (11%), or Ethiopia (10%). There were 35 (8%) HBsAg-positive people, 37% had evidence of past infection, and 29% were immune. Conclusions Chain referral sampling identified many at-risk African-born people with chronic HBV infection. The large proportion of HBsAg-positive people in this sample reinforces the need for health promotion programs that are culturally appropriate and community-driven. PMID:27584874

  16. Three-dimensional model to capture the fate and transport of combined sewer overflow discharges: A case study in the Chicago Area Waterway System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quijano, Juan C; Zhu, Zhenduo; Morales, Viviana; Landry, Blake J; Garcia, Marcelo H

    2017-01-15

    We used a numerical model to analyze the impact of combined sewer overflows (CSOs) in the hydrodynamics and water quality of the Chicago Area Waterway System (CAWS). We coupled the Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC) with the Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP) to perform three-dimensional simulations of the hydrodynamics and water quality in CAWS. The analysis was performed for two different storms: (i) May 6, 2009 representing a 6-hour duration 4-month return period, and (ii) September 12, 2008 representing a 48-hour duration 100-year return period. Results from the simulations show distinct differences between the two storms. During the May 2009 storm there was only one major CSO pumping event with negligible impact on the water quality of CAWS. During the September 2008 storm there were several CSOs that impacted the hydrodynamics and water quality of CAWS. In particular, CSOs during the September 2008 event induced a reversal flow in CAWS, with a plume of constituents that traveled in the opposite direction as water does under normal conditions. However, the simulation results show that CSOs events in CAWS take place during periods of high rainfall, thus the discharge of CSOs is significantly diluted along the CAWS. As a result, the concentrations of organic matter and inorganic nutrients observed at the downstream boundary in CAWS were significantly lower than those recorded at the CSOs outfalls and are within the limits established in the regulation for regular effluents. These results suggest that even during storms events with significant CSOs into the CAWS there is a significant dilution that reduce the impact in the water quality at the system boundaries.

  17. The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. I. An Independent Approach to the Extragalactic Distance Scale Using Only Population II Distance Indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaton, Rachael L.; Freedman, Wendy L.; Madore, Barry F.; Bono, Giuseppe; Carlson, Erika K.; Clementini, Gisella; Durbin, Meredith J.; Garofalo, Alessia; Hatt, Dylan; Jang, In Sung; Kollmeier, Juna A.; Lee, Myung Gyoon; Monson, Andrew J.; Rich, Jeffrey A.; Scowcroft, Victoria; Seibert, Mark; Sturch, Laura; Yang, Soung-Chul

    2016-12-01

    We present an overview of the Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program, an ongoing program to obtain a 3% measurement of the Hubble constant (H 0) using alternative methods to the traditional Cepheid distance scale. We aim to establish a completely independent route to H 0 using RR Lyrae variables, the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB), and Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). This alternative distance ladder can be applied to galaxies of any Hubble type, of any inclination, and, using old stars in low-density environments, is robust to the degenerate effects of metallicity and interstellar extinction. Given the relatively small number of SNe Ia host galaxies with independently measured distances, these properties provide a great systematic advantage in the measurement of H 0 via the distance ladder. Initially, the accuracy of our value of H 0 will be set by the five Galactic RR Lyrae calibrators with Hubble Space Telescope Fine-Guidance Sensor parallaxes. With Gaia, both the RR Lyrae zero-point and TRGB method will be independently calibrated, the former with at least an order of magnitude more calibrators and the latter directly through parallax measurement of tip red giants. As the first end-to-end “distance ladder” completely independent of both Cepheid variables and the Large Magellanic Cloud, this path to H 0 will allow for the high-precision comparison at each rung of the traditional distance ladder that is necessary to understand tensions between this and other routes to H 0. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with programs #13472 and #13691.

  18. 芝加哥都市垂直农场模式及其启示%Pattern of Vertical Farm in Chicago and its Revelation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敬华; 贾敬敦

    2013-01-01

    Vertical farm is also called a stereo planting farm, which makes farmland developed into a multistoried building, where crop growth environment is simulated and the recyctable energy and greenhouse technology is fully utilized. In this kind of farm, various high efficient agriculture productions can be proceeded. Taking Chicago vertical farm as an example, this paper analyzed the operation mechanism, commercial model, and existing problems of the vertical farm. Moreover, suggestions for accelerating the exploration and practice of urban vertical farm in China were raised from the aspects of strategic study, technology research and development (R&D), collaborative innovation, and platform construction, etc.%垂直农场也叫立体种植农场,是把田地向多层建筑的楼层化农场发展,在人工修筑的多层建筑物里,充分利用可循环的能源和温室技术,模拟农田的农作物生长环境,进行各种高效的农业生产。以芝加哥垂直农场为例,分析了该垂直农场运行机制及商业模式,剖析了都市垂直农场发展相关问题,并从战略研究、技术研发、协同创新与平台构建等方面提出了加快我国都市垂直农场探索与实践的若干建议。

  19. Re-suspension of lead contaminated urban soil as a dominant source of atmospheric lead in Birmingham, Chicago, Detroit and Pittsburgh, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laidlaw, Mark A. S.; Zahran, Sammy; Mielke, Howard W.; Taylor, Mark P.; Filippelli, Gabriel M.

    2012-03-01

    Soils in older areas of cities are highly contaminated by lead, due largely to past use of lead additives in gasoline, the use of lead in exterior paints, and industrial lead sources. Soils are not passive repositories and periodic re-suspension of fine lead contaminated soil dust particulates (or aerosols) may create seasonal variations of lead exposure for urban dwellers. Atmospheric soil and lead aerosol data from the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) database were obtained for Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), Detroit (Michigan), Chicago (Illinois), and Birmingham (Alabama), USA. In this study the temporal variations of atmospheric soil and lead aerosols in these four US cities were examined to determine whether re-suspended lead contaminated urban soil was the dominant source of atmospheric lead. Soil and lead-in-air concentrations were examined to ascertain whether lead aerosols follow seasonal patterns with highest concentrations during the summer and/or autumn. In addition, atmospheric soil and lead aerosol concentrations on weekends and Federal Government holidays were compared to weekdays to evaluate the possibility that automotive turbulence results in re-suspension of lead contaminated urban soil. The results show that the natural logs of atmospheric soil and lead aerosols were associated in Pittsburgh from April 2004 to July 2005 (R2 = 0.31, p contaminated roadside soils and dusts. In order to decrease urban lead aerosol concentrations, lead deposition and subsequent children's seasonal exposure, lead contaminated urban soils need remediation or isolation because the legacy of lead continues to pose unnecessary and preventable health risks to urban dwellers.

  20. Green and cool roofs to mitigate urban heat island effects in the Chicago metropolitan area: evaluation with a regional climate model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, A.; Conry, P.; Fernando, H. J. S.; Hamlet, Alan F.; Hellmann, J. J.; Chen, F.

    2016-06-01

    The effects of urban heat islands (UHIs) have a substantial bearing on the sustainability of cities and environs. This paper examines the efficacy of green and cool roofs as potential UHI mitigation strategies to make cities more resilient against UHI. We have employed the urbanized version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (uWRF) model at high (1 km) resolution with physically-based rooftop parameterization schemes (conventional, green and cool), a first-time application to the Chicago metropolitan area. We simulated a hot summer period (16-18 August 2013) and assessed (i) UHI reductions for different urban landuse with green/cool roofs, (ii) the interaction of lake breeze and UHI, and (iii) diurnal boundary layer dynamics. The performance of uWRF was evaluated using sensible heat flux and air temperature measurements from an urban mini-field campaign. The simulated roof surface energy balance captured the energy distribution with respective rooftop algorithms. Results showed that daytime roof temperature reduced and varied linearly with increasing green roof fractions, from less than 1 °C for the case of 25% green roof to ˜3 °C during peak daytime for 100% green roof. Diurnal transitions from land to lake breeze and vice versa had a substantial impact on the daytime cycle of roof surface UHI, which had a 3-4 hour lag in comparison to 2 m UHI. Green and cool roofs reduced horizontal and vertical wind speeds and affected lower atmosphere dynamics, including reduced vertical mixing, lower boundary layer depth, and weaker convective rolls. The lowered wind speeds and vertical mixing during daytime led to stagnation of air near the surface, potentially causing air quality issues. The selection of green and cool roofs for UHI mitigation should therefore carefully consider the competing feedbacks. The new results for regional land-lake circulations and boundary layer dynamics from this study may be extended to other urbanized areas, particularly to coastal

  1. Seasonally varying contributions to urban CO2 in the Chicago, Illinois, USA region: Insights from a high-resolution CO2 concentration and δ13C record

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Moore

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Understanding urban carbon cycling is essential given that cities sustain 54% of the global population and contribute 70% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions. When combined with CO2 concentration measurements ([CO2], stable carbon isotope analyses (δ13C can differentiate sources of CO2, including ecosystem respiration and combustion of fossil fuels, such as petroleum and natural gas. In this study, we used a wavelength scanned-cavity ringdown spectrometer to collect ∼2x106 paired measurements for [CO2] and δ13C values in Evanston, IL for August 2011 through February 2012. Evanston is located immediately north of Chicago, IL, the third largest city in the United States. The measurements represent one of the longest records of urban [CO2] and δ13C values thus far reported. We also compiled local meteorological information, as well as complementary [CO2] and δ13C data for background sites in Park Falls, WI and Mauna Loa, HI. We use the dataset to examine how ecosystem processes, fossil fuel usage, wind speed, and wind direction control local atmospheric [CO2] and δ13C in a midcontinent urban setting on a seasonal to daily basis. On average, [CO2] and δ13C values in Evanston were 16–23 ppm higher and 0.97–1.13‰ lower than the background sites. While seasonal [CO2] and δ13C values generally followed broader northern hemisphere trends, the difference between Evanston and the background sites was larger in winter versus summer. Mixing calculations suggest that ecosystem respiration and petroleum combustion equally contributed CO2 in excess of background during the summer and that natural gas combustion contributed 80%–94% of the excess CO2 in winter. Wind speed and direction strongly influenced [CO2] and δ13C values on an hourly time scale. The highest [CO2] and lowest δ13C values occurred at wind speeds <3 m s−1 and when winds blew from the northwest, west, and south over densely populated neighborhoods.

  2. 19 April 2013 - The University of Chicago Vice President for Research and for National Laboratories D. H. Levy signing the guest book with CERN Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers; in the LHC tunnel with L. Bottura; throughout accompanied by US CMS J. Butler. Mrs Levy and Mrs Butler took part.

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    19 April 2013 - The University of Chicago Vice President for Research and for National Laboratories D. H. Levy signing the guest book with CERN Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers; in the LHC tunnel with L. Bottura; throughout accompanied by US CMS J. Butler. Mrs Levy and Mrs Butler took part.

  3. Construction of Blaze at the University of Illinois at Chicago: A Shared, High-Performance, Visual Computer for Next-Generation Cyberinfrastructure-Accelerated Scientific, Engineering, Medical and Public Policy Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, Maxine D. [Acting Director, EVL; Leigh, Jason [PI

    2014-02-17

    The Blaze high-performance visual computing system serves the high-performance computing research and education needs of University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). Blaze consists of a state-of-the-art, networked, computer cluster and ultra-high-resolution visualization system called CAVE2(TM) that is currently not available anywhere in Illinois. This system is connected via a high-speed 100-Gigabit network to the State of Illinois' I-WIRE optical network, as well as to national and international high speed networks, such as the Internet2, and the Global Lambda Integrated Facility. This enables Blaze to serve as an on-ramp to national cyberinfrastructure, such as the National Science Foundation’s Blue Waters petascale computer at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Department of Energy’s Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) at Argonne National Laboratory. DOE award # DE-SC005067, leveraged with NSF award #CNS-0959053 for “Development of the Next-Generation CAVE Virtual Environment (NG-CAVE),” enabled us to create a first-of-its-kind high-performance visual computing system. The UIC Electronic Visualization Laboratory (EVL) worked with two U.S. companies to advance their commercial products and maintain U.S. leadership in the global information technology economy. New applications are being enabled with the CAVE2/Blaze visual computing system that is advancing scientific research and education in the U.S. and globally, and help train the next-generation workforce.

  4. Performance evaluation testing of wells in the gradient control system at a federally operated Confined Disposal Facility using single well aquifer tests, East Chicago, Indiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampe, David C.; Unthank, Michael D.

    2016-12-08

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) performed tests to evaluate the hydrologic connection between the open interval of the well and the surrounding Calumet aquifer in response to fouling of extraction well pumps onsite. Two rounds of air slug testing were performed on seven monitoring wells and step drawdown and subsequent recovery tests on three extraction wells on a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) in East Chicago, Indiana. The wells were tested in 2014 and again in 2015. The extraction and monitoring wells are part of the gradient control system that establishes an inward gradient around the perimeter of the facility. The testing established a set of protocols that site personnel can use to evaluate onsite well integrity and develop a maintenance procedure to evaluate future well performance.The results of the slug test analysis data indicate that the hydraulic connection of the well screen to the surrounding aquifer material in monitoring wells on the CDF and the reliability of hydraulic conductivity estimates of the surrounding geologic media could be increased by implementing well development maintenance. Repeated air slug tests showed increasing hydraulic conductivity until, in the case of the monitoring wells located outside of the groundwater cutoff wall (MW–4B, MW–11B, MW–14B), the difference in hydraulic conductivity from test to test decreased, indicating the results were approaching the optimal hydraulic connection between the aquifer and the well screen. Hydraulic conductivity values derived from successive tests in monitoring well D40, approximately 0.25 mile south of the CDF, were substantially higher than those derived from wells on the CDF property. Also, values did not vary from test to test like those measured in monitoring wells located on the CDF property, which indicated that a process may be affecting the connectivity of the wells on the CDF property to the Calumet aquifer. Derived hydraulic conductivity

  5. Characteristics Associated with Psychological, Physical, Sexual Abuse, Caregiver Neglect and Financial Exploitation in U.S. Chinese Older Adults: Findings from the Population-Based Cohort Study in the Greater Chicago Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinqi Dong

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the socio-demographic and health related characteristics of elder mistreatment (EM in a community-dwelling older Chinese population. Methods: Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, the PINE study conducted in-person interviews with 3,159 U.S. Chinese older adults aged 60 years and older in the Greater Chicago area from 2011–2013. Participants answered questions regarding psychological, physical and sexual mistreatment, caregiver neglect, and financial exploitation. Definitional approaches for EM subtypes were constructed from least restrictive to most restrictive. Results: The sociodemographic and health-related characteristics associated with EM differed by type of mistreatment and by the operational definition used. Living with fewer people, having been born in countries other than China, poorer health status, and lower quality of life were significantly correlated with physical mistreatment. Only higher education was positively and significantly associated with sexual mistreatment and only poorer health status was consistently correlated with psychological mistreatment among all definitions. Male gender, higher educational levels, higher income, fewer children, and having been in the U.S. for fewer years were significantly correlated with financial exploitation. As for caregiver neglect, older age, having more children, having been in the U.S. for more years, poorer health status, lower quality of life, and worsening health over the past year were consistently correlated with caregiver neglect with different definitions. Conclusions: Prevention and intervention programs on EM should be geared towards specific types of mistreatment. Studies on EM should conduct a thorough analysis to justify the operational definition used.

  6. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Former Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Rail Yard Company Site in Perry, Iowa. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salasovich, J.; Geiger, J.; Healey, V.; Mosey, G.

    2013-03-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Former Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Rail Yard Company site in Perry, Iowa, for a feasibility study of renewable energy production. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provided technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess the site for a photovoltaic (PV) system installation and estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options. In addition, the report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of a PV system at the site. This study did not assess environmental conditions at the site.

  7. Liver transplantation at the University of Chicago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millis, J M; Alonso, E M; Piper, J B; Bruce, D S; Newell, K A; Woodle, E S; Baker, A L; Whitington, P F; Thistlethwaite, J R

    1995-01-01

    Over the past 5 years, we have employed several strategies to increase the donor pool for both the pediatric and adult populations. The innovative expansion of the donor pool with the use living-related donors for children and cadaveric, high-risk donors for adults has increased our ability to serve our recipients and transplant them at an earlier stage in the disease process, thereby improving survival. As Hepatitis C is now the leading indication for liver transplantation in the adult population, the investigation of the natural history of Hepatitis C prior to and after transplantation provides a major challenge and is currently a focus of both laboratory and clinical efforts. For those recipients of Hepatitis C-positive-donor livers, determining the role of recipient and donor genotypes in the progression of recurrent hepatitis should help define the proper utilization of these organs. For patients on CsA-based immunosuppression regimens who experience steroid-resistant rejection, tacrolimus has proved to be extremely effective in reversing the rejection episodes and maintaining normal graft function. The long-term results of this therapy appear to be superior to OKT3 therapy. The recipients of living-related liver transplantation continue to have a survival advantage in comparison to recipients of cadaveric grafts. The donor operation can be routinely performed with minimal risk. Because of the superior results achieved and minimal donor risks, we feel that providing the option of living-donor transplantation is ethically justified, and medically necessary. Despite the encouraging results from living-donor transplantation, unexpected complications including portal vein complications and hepatic artery thrombosis have forced technical modifications of the original technique which may have implications to pediatric liver transplantation in general. As the volume of pediatric liver transplants and the number of immmunosuppressive regimens have increased over the years, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease has been identified as a problem which requires more inspection. We have determined that the severity of rejection and the subsequent treatment, and primary Epstein-Barr virus are the primary risk factors for developing of PTLD. Identification of the risk factors and early detection may provide some hope for treatment of the disease while allowing long-term graft function. Results of our preliminary data show that, following transplantation, 3/4 of the children or parents report minimal impairment with regard to developmental or physical milestones. Patients and their families, however, continue to report significant levels of stress in their lives and occasional pain. Further research on outcome needs to be performed on our pediatric recipients to ensure the long-term benefit of our efforts.

  8. « Vous semez de la ciguë et prétendez voir mûrir des épis! » (Machiavel : polar et anthropologie urbaine à Chicago à l’âge de la prohibition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benoît TADIÉ

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En partant de quelques œuvres-clé (en particulier The Gang, de Frederic Thrasher, 1927 ; Little Caesar de W. R. Burnett, 1929, cet article vise à mettre en lumière les affinités épistémologiques de l’Ecole de Chicago et du polar américain des années 1920. A travers l’étude comparée de ces deux corpus, il suggère que ces affinités ne relèvent pas d’une simple coïncidence mais d’une vision commune de la ville. Celle-ci se traduit notamment par une même approche de la criminalité, envisagée à la fois comme une construction narrative et comme phénomène historique, géographique et social.Starting from a few key works (in particular Frederic Thrasher’s The Gang, 1927, and W. R. Burnett’s Little Caesar, 1929, this article attempts to shed light on the epistemological affinities between the Chicago school of urban sociology and American urban crime fiction in the 1920s. Through a comparative study of these two corpuses, it suggests that these affinities result not from coincidence but from a common vision of the city. This, in particular, comes out in the similar treatment of urban crime, seen both as a narrative construction and as a historical, geographical and social phenomenon.

  9. 78 FR 42865 - Safety Zone; Chicago Harbor; Navy Pier Southeast; Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ..., Regulatory Planning and Review, and does not require an assessment of potential costs and benefits under... substantial number of small entities. The term ``small entities'' comprises small businesses, not-for-profit... jurisdictions with populations of less than 50,000. The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605(b) that...

  10. 76 FR 78159 - Safety Zone; Submarine Cable Installation Project; Chicago River South Branch, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Submarine Cable Installation Project... the installation of submarine cables in the vicinity of the Madison Street Bridge. This temporary... the installation of submarine cables in the vicinity of the Madison Street Bridge. Entry into...

  11. Reading National Geographic, Catherine A. Lutz and Jane L. Collins, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Willoughby

    1994-11-01

    Full Text Available As I write this, I have just received an advertisement from the National Geographic Society, saying that as a member, I have the opportunity to be one of the fIrst to purchase a volume on the greatest photographs ever published in the National Geographic. Like many others, especially anthropologists (I suspect, I grew up reading National Geographic, had access to,National Geographic publications, and probably got my fIrst images of different cultures and peoples from the magazine. How accurate a picture do we get? What does it attempt to portray and why? The burgeoning field of visual anthropology examines images and films and attempts to under­ stand them within their social context. How do photographs communicate or evoke ideas? What is the social framework in which they are produced-"the historical and cultural context that gives the photograph and its elements their meaning and significance"? What is the role of such images in our society, and do they play a major role in enculturation?

  12. Reading National Geographic, Catherine A. Lutz and Jane L. Collins, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1993

    OpenAIRE

    1994-01-01

    As I write this, I have just received an advertisement from the National Geographic Society, saying that as a member, I have the opportunity to be one of the fIrst to purchase a volume on the greatest photographs ever published in the National Geographic. Like many others, especially anthropologists (I suspect), I grew up reading National Geographic, had access to,National Geographic publications, and probably got my f...

  13. 77 FR 55139 - Safety Zone; Chicago Red Bull Flugtag, Lake Michigan, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-07

    ... Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A. Regulatory History and Information The... south west to 41 54'34'' N, 087 37'29'' W; then back to the point of origin (NAD 83). Entry into... with other agencies, will not adversely alter the budget of any grant or loan recipients, and will...

  14. 75 FR 75145 - Regulated Navigation Area, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Romeoville, IL; Safety Zone, Chicago...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-02

    ... electrical arc between a wire rope and timberhead while making up a tow in the vicinity of Barrier I. During... either side; (5) Commercial tows transiting the RNA must only be made up with wire rope to ensure... has a substantial direct effect on State or local governments and would either preempt State law...

  15. 78 FR 55219 - Safety Zone; Flying Machine Competition, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... opportunity to comment pursuant to authority under section 4(a) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U... authority citation for part 165 continues to read as follows: Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1231; 46 U.S.C....

  16. 33 CFR 110.205 - Chicago Harbor, Ill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ground for the common convenience, or for otherwise enforcing this section, shall be promptly executed by... stakes in anchorages A and B. (Mooring facilities are available adjacent to the lakeside guidewalls...

  17. Centro de exposiciones en Chicago – EE.UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. F. Murphy, Asociados, arquitectos-ingenieros

    1972-11-01

    Full Text Available This building, the reconstruction and enlargement of the old, fire-damaged Center of Expositions, has been executed in three levels consisting of various exhibition halls, theater, and complemented by cafeterias, restaurants, meeting rooms, dignitary suites, and parking facilities. The access and unloading platforms which serve the exhibition sites are located in the intermediate level. Principal characteristics are, on the one hand, the large area for pedestrians and automobiles, which separates the exhibition area from the theater area, and on the other hand, the structure. The 150-foot square bays for the two-way steel truss roof system impart a spaciousness consonant with the prior design concept. For this enlargement it was necessary to use part of the adjoining lake to effect retaining walls and earth fill in the newly acquired zones.Este edificio, reconstrucción y ampliación del antiguo Centro de Exposiciones que fue dañado por un incendio, ha sido planteado en tres niveles, en los que se distribuyen los diversos salones de exposición y el teatro, completados por cafeterías, restaurante, cocinas, almacenes, tiendas y zona de aparcamientos. El acceso y los muelles de descarga que sirven a los locales de exposición, están situados en el nivel intermedio. Sus características principales son, por una parte, el gran paso para peatones y automóviles, que separa la zona de exposiciones y la del teatro, y por otra, la estructura, a base de entramados metálicos apoyados sobre grandes pilares muy distanciados, creando amplios espacios libres, acordes con su utilización posterior. Para esta ampliación hubo que utilizar parte del lago cercano, disponiendo muros de contención y rellenos de tierra en la nueva zona adquirida.

  18. University of Illinois at Chicago Health Policy Center - Funding

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1991-2014. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. Funding Data, Appropriations...

  19. First National Bank de Chicago – (EE.UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Murphy Asociados y Perkins y Will Partnership, Arquitectos

    1973-11-01

    Full Text Available Principally, five factors have participated in this project: necessary space, structure, mechanical and electrical systems, vertical circulation and urban surroundings. Two different functions have been taken into account: the lower part for the bank and the upper for leasing, with the consequent imperatives of space: broad open surfaces for contact with the public in the lower levels; and small business sites with an exterior view in the upper floors. The solution to the problem has been a structure that decreases in depth as its height increases with side superstructures in an inclined curve. It has a metal structure protected against fire with concrete and covered with granite slabs. All of the floors have a central air-conditioning system using electrical coolers instead of boilers; thus, the building operates entirely on electricity. To obtain maximum freedom of space in the bank floors, the classic central nucleus of communication has been replaced, for the leasing zone, by two nuclei of elevators at both ends of the buildings which jut out from the main structure. The bank, in turn, has two other elevator nuclei, adjacent to the preceding ones, and escalators for the public on the various levels. The creation of the plaza in front of structure provides an attractive expanse in a densely populated zone.En este proyecto han intervenido, principalmente, cinco factores: espacio necesario, estructura, sistemas mecánicos y eléctricos, circulación vertical y entorno urbano. Se han tenido en cuenta dos funciones distintas: parte inferior, para banco, y superior, destinada a arrendamientos, con los consiguientes imperativos de espacio: amplias superficies abiertas, de contacto con el público, en los niveles bajos, y pequeños locales de oficinas, con vistas al exterior, en las plantas superiores. La solución del problema ha sido una construcción que va disminuyendo en profundidad, a medida que aumenta su altura, produciendo alzados laterales en curva inclinada. Lleva estructura metálica, protegida contra el fuego con hormigón y revestida con placas de granito. Todas las plantas cuentan con un sistema central de aire acondicionado producido por enfriadores eléctricos en lugar de calderas, con lo que el edificio funciona totalmente con electricidad. Para conseguir la máxima libertad de espacio en las plantas del banco, el clásico núcleo central de comunicación vertical se ha sustituido, para la zona de alquiler, por dos núcleos de ascensores, en ambos extremos del edificio, y sobresaliendo de la estructura principal. El banco cuenta, a su vez, con otros dos núcleos de elevadores adyacentes a los anteriores, y escaleras mecánicas, para el público, en los niveles bajos. La creación de la plaza delantera constituye un atractivo ensanche en una zona de gran densidad de población.

  20. Chicago, Indiana set for "world's largest scientific experiment"

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    "The mission of The Hoosier Coefficient, which appears on MidestBusiness.com eveery Thursday, is to profile the often-overlooked rich technology development and commercialization in Indiana. The Hoosier state is home to four of the top technology research and engineering universities in the nation and tech pros ignore Indiana at their own peril." (1 page)

  1. Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (CSSC) Marine Safety Risk Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    identified the cargo and load for each barge and a “trips” data set that identified the nature of the trip in relation to the boundaries of Mile Marker...must not be a personal watercraft of any kind (e.g. jet-skis, wave runners, kayaks , etc.).” Authors omitted these two classes of vessels in the rule...boats, kayaks , and other small metal boats) include insertion of hand in the water, hand on conductive shaft of paddle in the water, Over seven

  2. 29 September 2015 - Vice-President of the Government of Spain S. Sáenz de Santamaría in the ATLAS visitor centre, the Synchrocyclotron, the Data Centre visit point and the LHC magnet facility with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and Technology Department Head J.M. Jiménez.

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Were also present from Spain: Sra. Carmen Vela, Secretaria de Estado de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, Sr. D. Bernardo de Sicart Escoda Embajador de España en Berna, Sra. Da Ana Menéndez Pérez, Embajadora Representante Permanente de España ante Naciones Unidas y OOII con sede en Ginebra, Sra. Da María Pico Directora del Gabinete de la Vicepresidenta and Sr. D. Miguel Temboury Redondo Subsecretario de Economía y Competitividad. And from CERN: Dr Maria Alandes Pradillo, Information Technology Department, Dr Maria Barroso-Lopez Deputy Group Leader, IT-PES, Dr Frédérick Bordry, Director of Accelerators and Technology, Dr Borja Fernandez Adiego Engineering Department, Prof. Maria Jose Garcia Borge ISOLDE Collaboration Spokesperson, Dr Fabiola Gianotti Director-General elect 2016-2020, Mr Frédéric Hemmer Information Technology Department Head, Prof. Mario Martinez, Spanish Scientific Delegate to CERN Council Mr Guillermo Merino Fernandez, Technology Department Mr Lluis Miralles, General Infrast...

  3. Michael Bess. The light-green society. Ecology and Technological modernity in France, 1960-2000. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2003, 369 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Charvolin

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available On trouvera essentiellement deux genres d’information dans cet ouvrage très complet, et probablement le plus complet sur ce que d’aucuns appellent les trois dimensions de l’écologie: celle des écologistes dits “ écolos ” par leur style de vie, celle des écologues scientifiques, et celle des écologistes politiques. Un premier niveau est celui de la synthèse extrêmement précise de l’histoire de la question écologiste depuis la seconde guerre mondiale. L’auteur n’a pas ménagé ses efforts pour ré...

  4. Restoration of New Chicago Marsh : Hydrologic and water-quality influences and proposed operations plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is a report on directions which the Peninsula Open Space Trust (POST) might pursue in managing the hydrology and water quality influences affecting restoration...

  5. Martin Luther King Family Center, Chicago, Illinois: Model Programs. Childhood Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.

    Prepared for the White House Conference on Children (December 1970), this booklet reports on the Martin Luther King Family Center, one of 34 promising programs on childhood education. The Martin Luther King Family Center is now a privately funded, community-controlled demonstration service center with an all black staff. All of its programs are…

  6. 78 FR 70368 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ....A. Regarding Timing of Determination of the Spot Exchange Rate of Chilean Peso per United States....02.A. regarding cash settlement of Cleared OTC USD/CLP Spot, Forwards and Swaps Contracts. II. Self... error in the current rule text of CME Rule 274H.02.A. regarding Cash Settlement of Cleared OTC...

  7. 78 FR 79035 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 70806 (November 5, 2013), 78 FR 67424. \\4\\ See letter from Chris Concannon... November 11, 2013; letter from Martin H. Kaplan, Gusrae Kaplan Nusbaum PLLC, to Kevin M. O'Neill, Deputy... Ann Burns, Chief Operating Officer, Futures Industry Association, to Elizabeth M. Murphy,...

  8. 75 FR 26828 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... Pharmaceuticals TLB Talbots Inc. Inc. CTIC Cell Therapeutics Inc... SYMC Symantec Corp. MDT Medtronic Inc AMED... Consumer Discretionary LDK LDK Solar Co Ltd. Sel. Sec. SPDR Fund. CLF Cliffs Natural Resources SPG Simon... process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will...

  9. 75 FR 30082 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... change, the Commission has considered its impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See... supervision of the business of CBOE Holdings.\\28\\ Other officers would have the duties or powers or both set... that controlling influence by directing the exchange to refrain from, or the exchange may hesitate...

  10. 77 FR 65818 - Safety Zone; Bridge Demolition Project; Indiana Harbor Canal, East Chicago, IN

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ... pursuant to authority under section 4(a) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). This... LIMITED ACCESS AREAS 0 1. The authority citation for Part 165 continues to read as follows: Authority:...

  11. Climatic effects of urbanization: Urban, suburban and rural microclimates in the Chicago region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzyk, Timothy M.

    Urban microclimates are discrete regions in the urban canopy layer where values of radiative and meteorological variables deviate from their averages over larger spatial scales. The canopy extends from street-level to mean building height. The energy balance framework described here, combined with relevant site measurements, permits quantitative assessments of the mechanisms controlling surface temperatures in microclimates. There are substantial differences in the fluxes of solar and thermal radiation, sensible heat transport, evaporation, conduction, air and surface temperatures, and wind speeds across microclimates in regions that should not be assumed to be homogeneous. Anthropogenic surface alterations appear to be responsible for some of these differences. Measurements were recorded at four locations with varying levels of urban development. The net all-wave energy flux, RNET, represents the limit to the input of energy at the surface and equals the sum of incoming solar and thermal radiation minus the sum of reflected and emitted values. Typically, over a period of 24 hours more radiation is incident on a surface than is reflected and emitted by it. This net gain would result in perpetual heating unless other fluxes dissipated the excess. Those fluxes are sensible heat transport, evaporation and conduction. Thus net radiation equals the sum of the model-derived energy fluxes, such that RNET = +/- QSENS +/- QCOND + QEVAP. The demand for energy to heat or cool interior spaces depends on both outdoor air temperatures and the temperatures of built surfaces, especially the roofs and walls of buildings exposed to the atmosphere. The temperature of a solid surface differs from the air temperature and is a function of its properties, such as albedo, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, and availability of liquid water for evaporation. This study demonstrates how the external surroundings of a structure influence its surface temperature. The interplay of these factors produces microclimates, typified by an urban canyon and a non-canyon urban site studied here. Although these sites are in close geographic proximity, they experience different diurnal cycles in surface temperature and, hence, have different requirements for interior temperature control.

  12. 77 FR 46533 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ... clearing house includes both property of clearing members and customer performance bond, CME proposes to... lien to secure all obligations of such CDS Clearing Member to the Clearing House against any property... Members that only clear agricultural swaps (and not other OTC Derivatives). Finally, CME proposes...

  13. 75 FR 57100 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... mechanism for a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and... Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Related to the Complex Order Book September 13, 2010... CBOE Rule 6.53C governs the operation of the Exchange's electronic COB system. The purpose of...

  14. 78 FR 28924 - Self Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public..., procedures and controls; the designation of a person to implement and monitor the day-to-day operations and... weaknesses uncovered via testing of the AMLCP; or in response to other ``red flags''). Qualification...

  15. 78 FR 60222 - Safety Zone; Motion Picture Stunt Work and Filming; Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... impracticable and contrary to the public interest. The movie production company informed the Coast Guard of..., Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national... or security of people, places or vessels. 7. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act The Unfunded...

  16. 78 FR 71015 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-27

    ... Trading Commission (``CFTC''), CME has an obligation to establish and maintain a business continuity and... maintain a robust and effective business continuity program. The proposed change does not involve any... Section 17A of the Act.\\3\\ The proposed rule changes involve enhancements to CME's business continuity...

  17. 77 FR 9275 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... Emerging Markets ETF Volatility Index, the CBOE Brazil ETF Volatility Index and CBOE Oil ETF Volatility... list and trade options on the CBOE Emerging Market ETF Volatility Index (``VXEEM''), the CBOE Brazil... corresponding ETFs are: the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets Index ETF (``EEM''), the iShares MSCI Brazil Index...

  18. e+ e- collider in the VLHC tunnel. Proceedings, Workshop, Chicago, USA, March 9-11, 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dugan, D., (ed.); /Cornell U., LEPP; Tollestrup, A., (ed.); /Fermilab

    2001-07-01

    This document is a collection of the contributions made to the March IIT workshop on an e{sup +}e{sup -} collider in the VLHC tunnel. This machine, which is based on a relatively conservative extrapolation of LEP technology, has a baseline luminosity of 10{sup 33}/cm{sup 2}/s at a CM energy of 370 GeV. The overall parameters and general description of such a machine is described in T. Sen and J. Norem, ''A Very Large Lepton Collider in the VLHC Tunnel'', to be published. A preprint of this paper is included as Appendix 2 of this report. The intention of the workshop was to define the parameters of such a collider and make them available to the community for use in further physics studies. It is clear that the machine cannot compete with a full scale linear collider. Its main interest would be if a VLHC were built and if a linear collider did not already exist. In this case, it could provide a limited and perhaps crucial view of low mass Higgs states. Although the study is incomplete, it does define rather well the parameters of the machine, as well as the challenges that the design faces. The study benefited greatly from the participation of the machine experts that were willing to spend time looking at the design. In this document, the workshop contributions are organized into sections which cover the physics motivation for the machine; the injector; beam dynamics issues in the collider; and accelerator systems. The physics section describes luminosity benchmarks for study of a light Higgs boson, and machine performance issues related to lineshape measurements at the t{bar t} threshold. The contribution on the injector presents a design for a 45 GeV injector. The injection energy is motivated by two considerations: the collider has potential stability problems at injection, which are mitigated by a relatively high injection energy; and, at this energy, the injector can also serve as a Z{sup 0} factory. One of the principal conclusions of the IIT workshop was that this was the most natural way to provide a high-luminosity Z{sup 0} factory with polarized beams. The beam dynamics contributions cover a range of topics, including experience from LEP, design options for the lattice and IR's that aim at increasing the luminosity to close to 10{sup 34}/cm{sup 2}/s, and considerations on beam stability, rf system distribution, beam separation, and radiative spin polarization of the beams. The magnet, vacuum system, and rf system required for the machine are discussed in the accelerator systems contributions. Finally, in the conclusions section, the leading R&D issues for the machine, as identified at the workshop, are summarized. In an Appendix, some thoughts on beam-beam considerations for a VLLC are provided.

  19. 76 FR 82017 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... purchase and orders to sell FLEX Options entered by FLEX Traders, in each case into the electronic book. A... Order'' is an order to purchase or order to sell FLEX Options entered by the Submitting Trading Permit... intention to submit a separate rule change filing proposing to make the pilot permanent. In addition, if...

  20. 78 FR 16351 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    ... underlying stock or a security convertible into the underlying stock * * * coupled with the purchase or sale... be executable due to a limit or straddle state, the ability to hedge the purchase or sale of an.... The proposed rule changes would promote this intention in the options markets while...

  1. 76 FR 75577 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... Purchase Agreement (the ``Purchase Agreement'') dated September 28, 2011 by and between NSX, NSX Holdings... set forth in the Purchase Agreement and include delivery of certain documents (such as officers... the intention of the Owners that no other members of CBSX (other than Affiliates of CBOE) be owners...

  2. Preschool Attendance in Chicago Public Schools: Relationships with Learning Outcomes and Reasons for Absences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrlich, Stacy B.; Gwynne, Julia A.; Stitziel Pareja, Amber; Allensworth, Elaine M.; Moore, Paul; Jagesic, Sanja; Sorice, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Significant attention is currently focused on ensuring that children are enrolled in preschool. However, regular attendance is also critically important. Children with better preschool attendance have higher kindergarten readiness scores, this is especially true for students entering with low skills. Unfortunately, many preschool-aged children are…

  3. 76 FR 20784 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... as eligible for trading as Flexible Exchange Options as provided for in Chapters XXIVA (Flexible... to and to perfect the mechanism for a free and open market and a national market system, and,...

  4. 75 FR 66402 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-28

    ...''). \\5\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 61696 (March 12, 2010), 75 FR 13174 (March 18, 2010) (SR... 21, 2006), 71 FR 43251 (July 31, 2006) (SR-CBOE-2006-27) (order approving $1 strikes for VIX options... Mini-Russell 2000 Index (``RMN'') \\7\\ and for options on the iShares Russell 2000 Index Fund...

  5. A City Learning Together: Reciprocal Collaboration of Academics and Practitioners at the Chicago Park District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibbler, Dan; Scott, Leodis; Ginger, Nicole

    2016-01-01

    Concerns regarding professional preparation among practitioners and academics in the parks, recreation, and leisure profession demand real examples of people working together for the good of their overall community. Such reciprocal collaboration (two-way interaction from academics to practice and from practice to academics) has started to take…

  6. Principled Principals: New Evidence from Chicago Shows They Fire the Least Effective Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Brian A.

    2011-01-01

    If principals have the authority to dismiss teachers, will they dismiss the less effective ones, or will they instead make perverse decisions by letting the good teachers go? Evidence from low-stakes surveys suggests that principals are able to identify the most and least effective teachers in their schools, as measured by their impact on student…

  7. 75 FR 754 - Safety Zone and Regulated Navigation Area, Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, Romeoville, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-06

    ... data which indicates that Asian carp are much closer to the Great Lakes waterway system than originally thought. The possibility exists that vessels will transport Asian carp eggs, gametes or juvenile fish... transported and discharged on the other side of the barrier. The Asian carp are the subject of an...

  8. U.S. Leading from Behind in Libya? Thoughts for NATO before the Chicago Summit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on Higher Education is an institutional accrediting...Solo un mito o la realtà? Dal piano Marshall,dopo la II guerra mondiale, gli Stati Uniti hanno investito ogni tipo di risorse in Europa, a vantaggio...34 con successo senza questo tipo di integrazione sociale e il cambiamento di mentalità. Politicamente, paesi europei meno hanno eletto

  9. 76 FR 79258 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    .../RMB) Spot, Forwards and Swaps); and CME Chapter 271H (Cleared OTC U.S. Dollar/Korean Won Sol (USD/KRW... positive or negative. This language had been adopted previously by CME for many of the cleared OTC FX NDF... 271H. These changes would add language to the cash settlement provisions in the rules governing...

  10. Percentage of Drivers and Front Seat Passengers Wearing Seat Belts, 2012 & 2014, Region 5 - Chicago

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Source for 2012 national data: National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS), 2012. Source for 2014 national data: National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS),...

  11. 77 FR 3543 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... rata basis, the length of time of the interruption for purposes of calculating the contracts per day (the ``Stipulation''). \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 66054 (December 23, 2011), 76 FR... Exchange will take into account, on a pro rata basis, the length of time of the interruption for...

  12. 77 FR 17105 - Identification of Interstate Motor Vehicles: City of Chicago, IL Registration Emblem Requirement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... through the International Fuel Tax Agreement; (3) Under a State law regarding motor vehicle license plates... section 31704; (2) Under the International Fuel Tax Agreement under section 31705 or under an applicable... vehicle inspection standards under section 31136. FMCSA interprets Sec. 14506(b)(3) to establish...

  13. Building America Case Study: Combustion Safety Simplified Test Protocol, Chicago Illinois, and Minneapolis, Minnesota

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-12-01

    "9Combustion safety is an important step in the process of upgrading homes for energy efficiency. There are several approaches used by field practitioners, but researchers have indicated that the test procedures in use are complex to implement and provide too many false positives. Field failures often mean that the house is not upgraded until after remediation or not at all, if not include in the program. In this report the PARR and NorthernSTAR DOE Building America Teams provide a simplified test procedure that is easier to implement and should produce fewer false positives. A survey of state weatherization agencies on combustion safety issues, details of a field data collection instrumentation package, summary of data collected over seven months, data analysis and results are included. The project provides several key results. State weatherization agencies do not generally track combustion safety failures, the data from those that do suggest that there is little actual evidence that combustion safety failures due to spillage from non-dryer exhaust are common and that only a very small number of homes are subject to the failures. The project team collected field data on 11 houses in 2015. Of these homes, two houses that demonstrated prolonged and excessive spillage were also the only two with venting systems out of compliance with the National Fuel Gas Code. The remaining homes experienced spillage that only occasionally extended beyond the first minute of operation. Combustion zone depressurization, outdoor temperature, and operation of individual fans all provide statistically significant predictors of spillage.

  14. 77 FR 40664 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... Exchange's Web site ( http://www.cboe.com/AboutCBOE/CBOELegalRegulatoryHome.aspx ), at the Exchange's... being sent to other trading centers because orders that scrape through multiple trading centers before... Web site ( http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml ). Copies of the submission, all subsequent...

  15. 77 FR 47146 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... rule change helps maintain clarity in the rules and avoids the potential for any rule confusion. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-60187 (June 29, 2009), 74 FR 32664 (July 8, 2009) (SR-CBOE... Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ``Act''),\\1\\ and Rule 19b-4...

  16. 77 FR 25767 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ... with another eligible order or quote originating from any origin other than the Same CBSX Trader... exchanges do not specify how their modifiers work during openings and re-openings. CBSX feels that it...

  17. 78 FR 20362 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-04

    ... 11 as ``any paired order in which a Clearing Trading Permit Holder (F) origin code is contra to any other origin code, provided the same executing broker and clearing firm are on both sides of the order... standard option contracts. As such, the Exchange feels that it is appropriate to charge the ORF at the...

  18. 77 FR 76135 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... trading privilege (``UTP'') markets for the stocks underlying the index, and trading is widely dispersed...-weighted index of 500 stocks from a broad range of industries. The component stocks are weighted according to the total market value of their outstanding shares. The impact of a component's price change...

  19. 78 FR 60981 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... proposed rule change to amend CBOE Rule 24.7 (Trading Halts, Suspensions, or Primary Market Closure) to add... given to ``the extent to which trading is not occurring in the stocks underlying the index '' Since volatility indexes are comprised of options, not stocks, CBOE proposes to amend CBOE Rule 24.7(a)(i)...

  20. 77 FR 67044 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... today's market. Today, however, the Exchange believes stock exchanges are much better able to handle... Options. Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 61439 (January 28, 2010), 75 FR 5831 (February 4, 2010) (SR- CBOE-2009-087) (Approval Order); 61676 (March 9, 2010), 75 FR 13191 (March 18, 2010)...

  1. 76 FR 40965 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated: Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ....S. stock exchanges through a PULSe Routing Intermediary.\\5\\ \\5\\ For a more detailed description of.... 62286 (June 11, 2010), 75 FR 34799 (June 18, 2010) (SR- CBOE-2010-051) and 63721 (January 14, 2011), 76 FR 3929 (January 21, 2011) (SR-CBOE-2011-001). The first purpose of this proposed rule change is...

  2. 76 FR 3929 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ....S. stock exchanges through a PULSe Routing Intermediary (``away-market routing'').\\5\\ \\5\\ For a more... Act Release No. 62286 (June 11, 2010), 75 FR 34799 (June 18, 2010) (SR- CBOE-2010-051). The first... FR 69148 (November 10, 2010) (SR-CBOE-2010- 100). The second purpose of this proposed rule change...

  3. 76 FR 62881 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated: Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... other U.S. options exchanges and stock orders to other U.S. stock exchanges and trading centers (``away... options exchanges and/or stock exchanges and trading ] centers. If a TPH sends an order from the PULSe..., see, e.g., Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 62286 (June 11, 2010), 75 FR 34799 (June 18, 2010)...

  4. 76 FR 56838 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated: Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-14

    ... to other U.S. options exchanges and stock orders to other U.S. stock exchanges (``away-market routing... of, other options and/or stock exchanges. If a TPH sends an order from the PULSe workstation, the... other U.S. stock exchanges through a PULSe Routing Intermediary.\\7\\ The Exchange also notes that it...

  5. 78 FR 69487 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... to stock exchanges or trading centers the stock components of these orders, the Exchange will already... stock exchanges (on which stock legs will be executed) require reporting of transaction information for... stock exchanges (on which stock legs will be executed) already require reporting of...

  6. 75 FR 69148 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated: Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... other U.S. stock exchanges through a ``PULSe Routing Intermediary'' (``away-market routing''). In... Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62286 (June 11, 2010), 75 FR 34799 (June 18, 2010) (SR-CBOE-2010-051... Release No. 62382 (June 25, 2010), 75 FR 38164 (July 1, 2010) (SR- CBOE-2010-058). The first purpose...

  7. 76 FR 10412 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... assembling a special portfolio of options. While the price of a single option depends on both the underlying price and volatility, this special portfolio is constructed, in the aggregate, to eliminate the stock price dependence. In theory, this option portfolio would be comprised of an ] infinite number of...

  8. 77 FR 33541 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... receipt of Commission approval and prior to the product launch, the Exchange will issue a circular...). Design of the Product SPBAS options reflect the difference between the Special Opening Quotation (``SOQ... these surveillance procedures shall be adequate to monitor trading in options on these option...

  9. 78 FR 10671 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ..., however, is not possible by product launch (or possibly ever) for a number of reasons. First, there is a...). In the lead up to the launch of mini-options trading, the Exchange has polled firms with customer bases of potential product users and they have indicated a preference that premium pricing for...

  10. 78 FR 18657 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... from registration under the Securities Act of 1933. The definition of ``accredited investor'' under... routers can simultaneously view and execute orders at the exchange with the lowest transaction fees...

  11. 78 FR 14870 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change Regarding Acceptance of Additional Interest Rate... organization offering interest rate swap (``IRS'') clearing services. More specifically, CME proposes to accept... referencing the respective rate options set forth in amended Rule 90102.E; Overnight Index Swaps...

  12. 75 FR 80560 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... Proposed Rule Change Regarding Rule 4.20--Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Program December 16, 2010... 1. Purpose The purpose of the proposed rule change is to amend Rule 4.20-- Anti-Money Laundering... anti- money laundering compliance is in place and established at the outset of the Trading...

  13. 76 FR 5415 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... Notice of Proposed Rule Change Regarding Rule 4.20--Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Program January 25... amend CBOE Rule 4.20, Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Program, to require all Trading Permit Holders or... or TPH organization's existence to ensure anti-money laundering compliance is in place...

  14. 77 FR 25215 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Amend Rules Regarding Clearing Member Anti-Money Laundering Programs.... ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND ECONOMIC SANCTIONS COMPLIANCE Each clearing member shall develop and implement a written [anti- money laundering] compliance program approved in writing by senior...

  15. 77 FR 60738 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... out, as SPXW falls within the universe of SPX transactions. However, because SPXW is a product that..., Footnote (16). The Exchange also proposes adding origin codes into the New Fees Schedule. Origin codes are...\\ Because these origin codes are affixed to orders sent to the Exchange by market participants, the...

  16. 75 FR 34799 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-18

    ... ``members''). Members may also make the workstation available to their customers, including sponsored users... compulsory. The services are to be offered as a convenience to members and would not be the exclusive means... to be offered as a convenience to members and would not be an exclusive means available to a...

  17. 78 FR 5535 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... an attempt to attract greater electronic business and compete with other exchanges for such business. Moreover, the competitive pressures from other exchanges in electronic orders and different business model... to compete with other exchanges for electronic orders. The business models surrounding...

  18. 76 FR 82332 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-30

    .... Moreover, the competitive pressures from other exchanges in electronic orders and different business model... electronic business and compete with other exchanges for such business. The business models surrounding... example, Electronic Access Permit (``EAP'') TPH Firm XYZ, Inc. (``XYZ'') electronically executes...

  19. 75 FR 5831 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... ability to fix terms including the exercise style, expiration date, and certain exercise prices. See CBOE... the p.m. settlement restriction and minimum size requirements as a means to enable insurers to more... (the ability to use FLEX Options as a hedging tool for life insurers ``should be enhanced by...

  20. 78 FR 5538 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... believes that any potential effects on intramarket competition that the adoption of the proposed VIX... executed greater than (or equal to) 375,000 contracts of multiply-listed options volume but less than 1,500... contracts of multiply-listed options volume but less than 1,500,000 such contracts, the Clearing...

  1. Proceedings of the 6th annual Speakeasy conference. [Chicago, August 17-18, 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-01-01

    This meeting on the Speakeasy programming language and its applications included papers on the following subjects: graphics (graphics under Speakeasy, Speakeasy on a mini, color graphics), time series (OASIS - a user-oriented system at USDA, writing input-burdened linkules), applications (weather and crop yield analysis system, property investment analysis system), data bases under Speakeasy (relational data base, applications of relational data bases), survey analysis (survey analysis package from Liege, sic and its future under Speakeasy), and new features in Speakeasy (partial differential equations, the Speakeasy compiler and optimization). (RWR)

  2. 78 FR 5527 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... equal to the BBO, and BBO data and last sale data for complex strategies (e.g., spreads, straddles, buy... BBO data and last sale data for FLEX complex strategies (collectively, ``FLEX BBO data''), and (ii...-time, low latency data feed that includes CBOE ``BBO data'' and last sale data.\\4\\ The BBO and...

  3. 78 FR 26671 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... maintained by the FBI and its Criminal Justice Information Services Division, CBOE would receive centrally..., CBOE regularly retains outside vendors whose specialized expertise is required for the...

  4. 76 FR 36596 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ...-4 thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change amending CHX Article 12, Rule 8 (Minor Rule Plan) (``MRP'') to incorporate additional violations into the MRP, increase the sanctions for certain violations, add censure authority to the MRP, eliminate the Minor Rule Violation Panel, clarify pleading requirements of...

  5. 75 FR 11974 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... rate of $1 per trade and a maximum rate of $30 per trade. Cash settlement cross trades would be charged... cash and next-day settlement. Such settlements are permissible pursuant to Rule 51.7.\\3\\ Because these... the CBSX fee schedule to add transaction fees for cross trades that are marked for cash and next-...

  6. 77 FR 8318 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ...\\ would add Price Alignment Interest (``PAI'') functionality to current ``cash mark-to-market.../rulebook/files/s_6105_otc_fx_pai_cash_mk_to_mkt_ser_020112_revised.pdf . A description of the revised performance bond regime with the addition of PAI is included below: * * * * * CME Forwards With Cash...

  7. 77 FR 28416 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... price alignment interest (``PAI'') payment timeline. The proposed changes to text in the CME rulebook..., (2) the CDS holiday accrual processing, and (3) the PAI payment timeline. With respect to operations... addition, CME would calculate and pay PAI for CDS contracts on a daily basis as opposed to monthly....

  8. 78 FR 16311 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    ..., in a dynamic market, such an event can and does happen for a variety of reasons. For example, if the... Short Sale Price Sliding, similar to the organizational structure of the proposed NMS Price Sliding,...

  9. Impaired Driving Death Rate, by Age and Gender, 2012 & 2014, Region 5 - Chicago

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Rate of deaths by age/gender (per 100,000 population) for people killed in crashes involving a driver with BAC =>0.08%, 2012, 2014. 2012 Source: Fatality Analysis...

  10. 77 FR 8304 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... foreign currencies as described below. A. Opening Trading in Existing Series The Exchange proposes to... Rule 24B.1(t). \\10\\ See Rule 24B.1(y)(1)-(6). C. Foreign Currency Provisions The Exchange also proposes... currencies. In addition, related index multiplier provisions for foreign currencies will also be...

  11. 76 FR 67512 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... Change The proposed rule changes amend current CME rules to expand its cleared-only, foreign currency (``FX'') swaps offering to support the introduction of (1) Twenty-six new foreign FX currency... introduction of additional cleared-only OTC foreign currency derivatives. More specifically, the...

  12. 77 FR 22012 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ... references to certain European-Capped style settlement and foreign currency provisions (and related index multiplier provisions for such currencies).\\7\\ The European-Capped style and foreign currency provisions have generally not been actively utilized.\\8\\ Since the Exchange no longer plans to support foreign...

  13. 76 FR 67514 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... OTC US Dollar/Chilean Peso (``USD/CLP'') foreign currency (``FX'') contracts. The USD/CLP FX contracts... allow CME to enhance its services in clearing foreign currency contracts, thereby promoting the prompt... approval would have a significant impact on the foreign currency contracts clearing business of CME as...

  14. Motor Vehicle Occupant Death Rate, by Age and Gender, 2012 & 2014, Region 5 - Chicago

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Rate of deaths by age/gender (per 100,000 population) for motor vehicle occupants killed in crashes, 2012 & 2014. 2012 Source: Fatality Analysis Reporting System...

  15. 78 FR 79391 - Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 22-Chicago, Illinois, Notification of Proposed Production Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... push nuts; lock washers; spring washers; washer packages; rivets; E-rings; retaining rings; quarter turn retainers; catch springs; flap springs; springs; torque springs; wire racks; bake pans; pizza pans... replacement kits; filter cover assemblies; floor nozzles; front covers; front wheel packages; guards;...

  16. 77 FR 35091 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... The Exchange proposes to amend the CBSX Fees Schedule with regards to connectivity fees. CBSX recently... month fee for access to a 10 Gbps Network Access Port ($2,000 for Sponsored Users), and to clarify on... Users) is for a 1 Gbps connection to a Network Access Port. CBSX market participants will be able...

  17. 78 FR 12402 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... to CBOE Command Connectivity Charges. Currently, Sponsored Users are charged twice the regular...: Sponsored Description Regular user monthly fee monthly fee Network Access Port (1 Gbps) $250 $500 Network Access Port (10 Gbps) 1,000 2,000 Network Access Port (Disaster Recovery)....... 250 500 CMI Login ID...

  18. 76 FR 63974 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... facility fees and CBOEdirect connectivity charges. The Exchange proposes to amend CBOEdirect connectivity charges to clarify that charges assessed for access to a Network Access Port are per gigabyte, for both regular access and Sponsored Users. Currently, access to such Network Access Ports is only available...

  19. 78 FR 11260 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... between Sponsored Users and non-Sponsored Users as they relate to CBOE Command Connectivity Charges... fee Network Access Port (1 Gbps) $500 $1,000 Network Access Port (10 Gbps) 3,000 6,000 Network Access Port 250 500 (Disaster Recovery) CMI Login ID 500 1,000 FIX Login ID 500 1,000 ] Going forward,...

  20. Personality Traits among Community-Dwelling Chinese Older Adults in the Greater Chicago Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E-Shien Chang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Personality traits are important indicators of health and well-being. Neuroticism and conscientiousness in particular, are closely associated with morbidity and mortality in old age. However, little is known regarding the levels of these two key personality traits among U.S. Chinese older adults. This report aimed to examine the levels of personality traits among this population. Methods: Data were from the PINE study, a population-based study of U.S. Chinese older adults aged 60 and above. We measured neuroticism and conscientiousness using modified NEO personality inventory. Results: Of the 3,159 community-dwelling Chinese older adults, 58.9% were female, and mean age was 72.8 years. Compared to neuroticism, conscientiousness trait was endorsed higher among Chinese older adults in our sample. Each conscientiousness item had at least 67.8% of participant endorsement, in comparison to the lowest endorsement rate of 14.3% in the neuroticism measure. Younger age (r-neuroticism = -0.06, r-conscientiousness = -0.14 and fewer children (r-neuroticism = -0.06, r-conscientiousness = -0.06 were correlated with both traits. Female gender (r = 0.11, poorer health status (r = -0.26, poorer quality of life (r = -0.23 and worsened health over the past year (r = -0.15 were correlated with higher levels of neuroticism. In contrast, male gender (r = -0.05, better health status (r = 0.20, higher quality of life (r = 0.17 and improved health over the past year (r = 0.07 were correlated with higher levels of conscientiousness. Education level (r = 0.15 was positively correlated with higher levels of conscientiousness, but not with neuroticism; whereas income level (r = -0.04 was negatively correlated with neuroticism but not with conscientiousness. Conclusion: U.S. Chinese older adults generally possess higher agreement level on conscientiousness traits than neuroticism. Future analysis should be conducted to explore the complex associations between different personality traits among Chinese aging population, Our study also calls for further in-depth studies to understand adverse health outcomes associated with specific personality traits among minority older adults.

  1. 75 FR 438 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... ``Kaigani Haida'' and ``From Shaman's grave south of Howkan.'' Scholarly publications and consultation... the traditional territory of the Kaigani Haida. The Kaigani Haida are represented by the...

  2. 77 FR 56247 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Suspension of and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies of a person, unless such power is... order in VIX options. For example, if a broker-dealer submitted a single order for 12,000 VIX contracts, the broker-dealer was only charged a transaction fee on the first 10,000 contracts and the remaining...

  3. 77 FR 70517 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... that the routing broker establish and enforce policies and procedures reasonably designed to (i... error account(s) and routing broker error account(s), which may be used to liquidate unmatched...)(``Exchange Error Account(s)'') and routing broker error account(s), which may be used to liquidate...

  4. 78 FR 7472 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... pursuant to Rule 6.2B and the Interpretations and Policies thereunder will be announced to Trading Permit... DPM (``e-DPM''), and a floor broker or a PAR Official representing orders in the trading crowd) and..., an e-DPM with an appointment in the subject class, and a floor broker or PAR Official...

  5. 78 FR 41158 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... order to $0.0018 per share in order to help offset the increases in the rebate for Taker orders that... of other Maker fees assessed by CBSX. Further, this increase is necessary in order to offset the... for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street...

  6. 78 FR 25116 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-29

    ... Change Related to the Liquidity Factor of CME's CDS Margin Methodology April 23, 2013. Pursuant to... indicates additions; bracketed text indicates deletions. * * * * * CME CDS Liquidity Margin Factor Calculation Methodology The Liquidity Factor will be calculated as the sum of two components: (1)...

  7. 78 FR 61437 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Related to the Liquidity Factor of CME's CDS Margin Methodology September.... * * * * * CME CDS Liquidity Margin Factor Calculation Methodology The Liquidity Factor will be calculated as the... Liquidity Factor using the current Gross Notional Function with the following modifications: (1)...

  8. 77 FR 77160 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... Change Related to the Liquidity Factor of CME's CDS Margin Methodology December 21, 2012. Pursuant to...; bracketed text indicates deletions. * * * * * CME CDS Liquidity Margin Factor Calculation Methodology The Liquidity Factor will be calculated as the sum of two components: (1) A concentration charge for...

  9. 77 FR 48192 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... Rule Change Related to the Liquidity Factor of Its Credit Default Swap Margin Methodology August 7... model. The liquidity margin component of the CME CDS margin model is designed to capture the risk... CDS Clearing Member. The current methodology for the liquidity factor is a function of a...

  10. 76 FR 65224 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... offering to include interest rate swaps denominated in certain additional currencies and rate options and... additional currencies and rate options. CME expects to accept euro denominated interest rate swaps... Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change To Amend Its Rules Relating to Interest Rate...

  11. 78 FR 71694 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... rate swaps denominated in MXN. CME will also be making certain conforming changes to its IRS Manual of... consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods: Electronic Comments Use... process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will...

  12. 78 FR 9981 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    ..., 2013, until the earlier of the initial date of operations of the Regulation NMS Plan to Address..., 2013,\\3\\ until the earlier of the initial date of operations of the Regulation NMS Plan to Address... NMS Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility will not begin initial operations on February...

  13. The Chicago monetary growth-rate rule: Friedman on Simons reconsidered

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.S. TAVLAS

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The work takes up a series of issues pertaining to the monetary interpretation of Friedman and Simons. The authors find that espousal of a monetary rule involves, foremost, confidence in the extrapolability of long-term statistical trends, particularly with respect to velocity. The initial formulation of the monetary hypothesis of the Great Depression is linked to an entirely overlooked original contribution by William Foster and Waddill Catchings. Their contribution these authors essentially anticipates views set forth by Friedman and Simons, and already included the formulation of the monetary growth-rate rule.  

  14. Prototypic automated continuous recreational water quality monitoring of nine Chicago beaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawn Shively,; Nevers, Meredith; Cathy Breitenbach,; Phanikumar, Mantha S.; Kasia Przybyla-Kelly,; Ashley M. Spoljaric,; Richard L. Whitman,

    2015-01-01

    Predictive empirical modeling is used in many locations worldwide as a rapid, alternative recreational water quality management tool to eliminate delayed notifications associated with traditional fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) culturing (referred to as the persistence model, PM) and to prevent errors in releasing swimming advisories. The goal of this study was to develop a fully automated water quality management system for multiple beaches using predictive empirical models (EM) and state-of-the-art technology. Many recent EMs rely on samples or data collected manually, which adds to analysis time and increases the burden to the beach manager. In this study, data from water quality buoys and weather stations were transmitted through cellular telemetry to a web hosting service. An executable program simultaneously retrieved and aggregated data for regression equations and calculated EM results each morning at 9:30 AM; results were transferred through RSS feed to a website, mapped to each beach, and received by the lifeguards to be posted at the beach. Models were initially developed for five beaches, but by the third year, 21 beaches were managed using refined and validated modeling systems. The adjusted R2 of the regressions relating Escherichia coli to hydrometeorological variables for the EMs were greater than those for the PMs, and ranged from 0.220 to 0.390 (2011) and 0.103 to 0.381 (2012). Validation results in 2013 revealed reduced predictive capabilities; however, three of the originally modeled beaches showed improvement in 2013 compared to 2012. The EMs generally showed higher accuracy and specificity than those of the PMs, and sensitivity was low for both approaches. In 2012 EM accuracy was 70–97%; specificity, 71–100%; and sensitivity, 0–64% and in 2013 accuracy was 68–97%; specificity, 73–100%; and sensitivity 0–36%. Factors that may have affected model capabilities include instrument malfunction, non-point source inputs, and sparse calibration data. The modeling system developed is the most extensive, fully-automated system for recreational water quality developed to date. Key insights for refining and improving large-scale empirical models for beach management have been developed through this multi-year effort.

  15. Hospital femenino e instituto psiquiátrico - Chicago – (EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goldberg, Bertrand

    1976-11-01

    Full Text Available The Prentice Hospital is made up of a women's clinic with Maternity Center and a Psychiatric Institute and it was built to enlarge the two nearby Medical Centers to which it is joined by the basement and two bridges over street level. The 28.800 m2 building has two clearly differentiated components: one 4 - storey block with rectangular plan form; further a 7-storey high concrete tower which rises from a base consisting of four corbel arches and situated on the terrace of the first component. The total height of the complex exceeds 75 m. The lower body contains the women's clinic and the Psychiatric Institute.The tower holds 152 rooms for in-patients. The base building is a reinforced concrete frame structure with plane concrete floor slabs and exterior curtain walls. The tower is entirely of lightweight concrete with arches in corbels which concentrate the loads on the central core. The hospital is equipped with a wide range of highly modern and complete installations. The design of the tower —a sculpture on a conventional building— gives this complex a unique look.El Hospital Prentice consta de un Centro femenino, con maternidad, y un Instituto psiquiátrico. Se construyó para ampliar las instalaciones de dos centros médicos próximos, a los que se une a través del sótano y de dos puentes sobre la calle. El edificio, de 28.800 m2 de superficie total, está constituido por dos volúmenes claramente diferenciados: un bloque, de planta rectangular, con cuatro alturas, y una original torre, de siete niveles, de hormigón, elevada sobre cuatro arcos en voladizo que nacen de un tronco-base situado sobre la terraza del primer volumen. La altura total del conjunto supera los 75 m. El cuerpo bajo comprende los servicios del Centro femenino y del Instituto psiquiátrico. En la torre se distribuyen 152 habitaciones para los pacientes internos. En la construcción de la base se empleó una estructura reticular de hormigón armado, con forjados planos de hormigón, y un cerramiento exterior de muros-cortina. La torre es, en su totalidad, de hormigón armado ligero, con arcos en voladizo que concentran las cargas sobre el núcleo central. El Hospital se completa con un variado, moderno y completo programa de instalaciones. El diseño de la torre de habitaciones, cual escultura sobre un edificio convencional, presta singularidad al conjunto.

  16. Can Higher Education Foster Economic Growth? Chicago Fed Letter. Number 229

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattoon, Richard H.

    2006-01-01

    Not all observers agree that higher education and economic growth are obvious or necessary complements to each other. The controversy may be exacerbated because of the difficulty of measuring the exact contribution of colleges and universities to economic growth. Recognizing that a model based on local conditions and higher education's response…

  17. Muskrat Theories, Tobacco in the Streets, and Living Chicago as Indigenous Land

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bang, Megan; Curley, Lawrence; Kessel, Adam; Marin, Ananda; Suzukovich, Eli S., III; Strack, George

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we aim to contribute to ongoing work to uncover the ways in which settler colonialism is entrenched and reified in educational environments and explore lessons learned from an urban Indigenous land-based education project. In this project, we worked to re-center our perceptual habits in Indigenous cosmologies, or land-based…

  18. 78 FR 69168 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... to their advertising revenue. Similarly, Customers will not offer COPS data unless this product will... strategies as the means of recovering total costs. For example, some platforms may choose to pay rebates to... choose a strategy of paying lower rebates (or no rebates) to attract orders, setting relatively...

  19. REMEDY FOR BANKING CRISES: WHAT CHICAGO AND ISLAM HAVE IN COMMON

    OpenAIRE

    Valeriano F. García; CIBILS, VICENTE FRETES; MAINO, RODOLFO

    2004-01-01

    We document banking system instability arising from a combination of fractional reserve requirements, deposit insurance and moral hazard by presenting several episodes of severe banking distress and crises in Asia. Following a framework of functional perspective suggested by Merton and Bodie (1993), we argue that one hundred percent reserves, “narrow banking”, provides a basis for banking reform and an alternative to reduce the likelihood of systemic financial crises. Both the narrow banking ...

  20. "It Is As If My Story Repeats Itself." Life, Language, and Literacy in a Chicago Comunidad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Juan C.

    1996-01-01

    Examines the perspectives of a subgroup of Latinas, their options, barriers, and access to education within their lives as young women and within their families' experiences as immigrants. Presents the struggles of one of three Latina women who continues her education in college largely through the support of a peer group. (GR)

  1. 77 FR 55515 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... this transaction cost level strikes the appropriate balance between establishing reasonable fees and... fees for two option positions. The Exchange believes that this transaction cost level strikes...

  2. 77 FR 54626 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... difference between the value of the long box spread realizable at expiration and the lower cost to establish... for spread margin treatment is its maximum risk based on the intrinsic values of the options... market price of XYZ is $60, the May2011 60 call would have an intrinsic value of zero, because the...

  3. 77 FR 33802 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ... difference between the value of the long box spread realizable at expiration and the lower cost to establish... the intrinsic values of the options, exclusive of any net option premiums paid or received when the... intrinsic value of zero, because the right to buy at $60 when XYZ can be purchased in the market for $60...

  4. Enteric Infections occuring during an eight Year Period at the Chicago Zoological Park Brookfield, Illinois

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Williamson, W.M.; Tilden, E.B.; Getty, R.E.

    1963-01-01

    The bacteriological examinations of abnormal stools, irrespective of the apparent seriousness of the illness, is particularly important in a zoological park where it is difficult to apply measures to keep out possibly infected wild, non-resident animals and mechanical carriers, such as flies, cockro

  5. 78 FR 69723 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... Proposed Rule Change To Eliminate the e-DPM Program November 14, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the... Substance of the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes to eliminate its e-DPM program. The text of the... 8.92-8.94, from the CBOE Rules. The Exchange proposes to eliminate the e-DPM Program because...

  6. 76 FR 62126 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Eliminate Certain... Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change CHX proposes to amend its rules to eliminate... waiver will allow the Exchange to implement the change right away. The proposed rule change...

  7. 78 FR 2308 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ... time and price discretion for the trading to a third- party broker-dealer and shall not attempt to... market impact on the price of the option being traded. Finally, paragraph (e) provides that the Exchange... discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. In addition, the Commission believes the...

  8. 78 FR 2304 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ... in a CBSX Error Account, CBSX shall provide complete time and price discretion for the trading to a... attempt to minimize any market impact on the price of the option being traded. Finally, paragraph (e... discrimination between customers, issuers, brokers, or dealers. In addition, the Commission believes the...

  9. Introduction to Astrophysics. Curriculum Developed by Faculty Workshop at University of Illinois at Chicago, Summer 1974.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Univ., Chicago. Chicago Circle Campus.

    The course outlines presented in this report are intended to be used to teach astrophysics to nonscience majors at the junior and senior college level. An extensive set of notes are included which can be useful to an instructor as guidelines for presentation. Additional equipment and references for use in teaching astrophysics are suggested. (SA)

  10. 77 FR 69903 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-21

    ... Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose On April 5, 2007, CBOE established an Order Router... the Participant's router. A Participant that elects to have CBOE perform this service pays CBOE a... router incorporating the features described above. The Exchange, at the time the Program was...

  11. 76 FR 1203 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-07

    ... Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Relating to Order Router Subsidy January 3, 2011. Pursuant... order router subsidy program is described in SR-CBOE-2007-34. See Securities Exchange Act Release No... TPHs with respect to the use of the Participant's router, the Participant would pay CBOE a service...

  12. 78 FR 29422 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ... sending of orders to CBOE by firms that have both Market-Maker and order-router arms. In the options industry, many options orders are routed by consolidators, which are firms that have both order router and... firms that have both Market-Maker and order-router arms. In the options industry, many options...

  13. 78 FR 28906 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to the Complex Order Router Subsidy Program May... additional qualification requirement to participate in CBOE's Complex Order Router Subsidy Program. The text... Router Subsidy Program (the ``CORS Program'' or ``Program'') which allows CBOE to enter into...

  14. 78 FR 18655 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to an Order Router Subsidy Program for Complex... Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change 1. Purpose On April 5, 2007, CBOE established the Order Router... simple, non-complex orders only. The Exchange now proposes to establish the Complex Order Router...

  15. 78 FR 43953 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    ... a Routing Intermediary that employs ``smart router'' functionality which, generally, is... smart router functionality to determine the destination options exchange(s) (trading center(s)) on the... to route orders from PULSe to a Routing Intermediary's smart router, e.g., the determination could...

  16. 77 FR 34422 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... Clearing Corporation, f/k/a Ridge Clearing and Outsourcing Solutions, Inc. (``Apex Clearing''), as a CHX..., Apex Clearing's name was Ridge Clearing & Outsourcing Solutions, Inc. Prior to the transaction, Ridge Clearing & Outsourcing Solutions, Inc. contributed its outsourcing operations and all associated...

  17. 76 FR 20392 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ..., MGM, MO, MRVL, MSFT, MU, NLY, NOK, NVDA, NWSA, ONNN, ORCL, PBR, PFE, PSQ, QCOM, Q, QLD, QQQQ, RF, RFMD..., DRYS, DUK, DXD, DZZ, EWJ, FAX, F, GBG, GLD, INTC, IWM, KEY, MSFT, NBG, NOK, PFE, Q, QQQ, RF, RFMD,...

  18. Sport-Based Youth and Community Development: Beyond the Ball in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Jennifer M.; Castañeda, Amy; Castañeda, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Rob and Amy Castañeda, the co-founders of a sports/play-based youth and community development organization called Beyond the Ball (www.beyondtheball.org), cite the collaborative and dynamic nature of the TPSR Alliance as an important influence for their work. Beyond the Ball serves individuals between kindergarten and post-college, in the North…

  19. 78 FR 62728 - Self Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... individual who performs legal, compliance, internal audit, back-office operations, or similar... that in allowing persons who perform legal, compliance, audit or similar functions to apply for... customers in the conduct of the Participant's securities sales, trading and investment banking...

  20. 78 FR 59068 - Chicago Bridge and Iron; Confirmatory Order (Effective Immediately)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... protection, nuclear safety culture and safety conscious work environment training for CB&I nuclear employees... work environment training for all CB&I employees. (a) Training shall include case studies of discriminatory practices. (b) Training shall define key terms included in employee protection...

  1. The shock process and light element production in supernovae envelopes. Ph.D. Thesis - Chicago Univ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Lawrence E.; Dearborn, David S.; Schramm, David N.; Larsen, Jon T.; Kurokawa, Shin

    1990-01-01

    Detailed hydrodynamic modeling of the passage of supernova shocks through the hydrogen envelopes of blue and red progenitor stars was carried out to explore the sensitivity to model conditions of light element production (specifically Li-7 and B-11) which was noted by Dearborn, Schramm, Steigman and Truran (1989) (DSST). It is found that, for stellar models with M is less than or approximately 100 M solar mass, current state of the art supernova shocks do not produce significant light element yields by hydrodynamic processes alone. The dependence of this conclusion on stellar models and on shock strengths is explored. Preliminary implications for Galactic evolution of lithium are discussed, and it is suspected that intermediate mass red giant stars may be the most consistent production site for lithium.

  2. 76 FR 44638 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-26

    ... entry, management and recordation system provided by the Exchange for use by Institutional Brokers. In... rules of other self-regulatory organizations. New Interpretation and Policy .01 to Rule 6 will require... Exchange obtain documentary evidence of the non- Exchange trade execution no later than the close...

  3. AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group Proceedings (Chicago, Illinois, March 24-28, 1997).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, Diane H., Ed.

    This proceedings consists of five research papers presented during the 1997 annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). The papers were presented during the sessions of the AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group. "Predictors of Occupational Choice among Rural Youth: Implications for Career Education and…

  4. 77 FR 1114 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    ..., security, futures contract, option or other financial instrument or involving or arising from fraud or... Internet comment form ( http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml ), or send an email to rule-comments@sec.gov... Commission's Internet Web site ( http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml ). Copies of the submission,...

  5. 78 FR 65402 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... published. Finally, the Exchange is proposing to make a few grammatical changes throughout Rule 6.2B.01... Proposed Rule Change To Amend CBOE Rule 6.2B To Establish Modified Hybrid Opening System Opening Procedures... the Securities and Exchange Commission (``Commission'') the proposed rule change as described in...

  6. 77 FR 58899 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... grammatical corrections. The IRS Manual changes will be effective on September 17, 2012. CME notes that it has... Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change Regarding Acceptance of Additional Interest Rate...'') the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been...

  7. Experience with high-energy electron beam therapy at the University of Chicago

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griem, M L; Kuchnir, F T; Lanzl, L H; Skaggs, L S; Sutton, H G; Tokars, R

    1979-01-01

    Current utilization of the linear accelerator as well as 5-year cumulative experience in radiotherapy is presented. Cutaneous lymphomas and mammary gland carcinomas were the prime experience region; however, cancers at other locations were treated with mixed-beam therapy; employing fast neutrons and photon beams. The technique appears promising for abdominal tumors and deep-seated malignancies. Carcinoma of the pancreas responds favorably to this technique. (PCS)

  8. 78 FR 48532 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-08

    .... \\11\\ See Exchange Rule 6.2B.03 which describes the HAL Opening Procedure on the Exchange. If a limit... price, then the HAL opening procedure (``HALO'') will begin as described in Exchange Rule 6.2B.03. At... of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in regulating,...

  9. 78 FR 55305 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... Exchange proposes to amend its Hybrid Agency Liaison (``HAL'') Step-Up Rebate (the ``Rebate''). Currently... transaction on the HAL system in a penny pilot class, provided that at least 60% of the Market-Maker's quotes... promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with...

  10. 76 FR 42757 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ...% wholly-owned affiliate or subsidiary of a CTPH that is registered as a United States or foreign broker... Affiliate for this purpose must be either a wholly-owned subsidiary of a CTPH or a wholly-owned subsidiary... Certain Affiliates for Purposes of a Fee Cap and Sliding Scale July 13, 2011. Pursuant to Section...

  11. 75 FR 59773 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... accordance with the standards of training, experience, competence, and other qualification standards... person engages in the management of any individual Trading Permit Holder or individual associated person... training, experience and competence as prescribed by the rules of the national securities exchange....

  12. The Chicago Handbook for Teachers: A Practical Guide to the College Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkley, Alan; Dessants, Betty; Flamm, Michael; Fleming, Cynthia; Forcey, Charles; Rothschild, Eric

    This book is designed to offer practical advice to beginning, as well as experienced, teachers of college courses on navigating many of the common challenges faced both in and outside the classroom. Chapters include "Getting Ready," which covers three discrete components of course design: deciding what you want students to learn, choosing…

  13. The Cockpit's Empty Chair: Education through Appropriating Alienation at a Chicago Technology Museum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lormier, Anne

    2007-01-01

    Background/Context: In the United States, the percentage of schoolchildren planning to become high-status professionals is grossly disproportionate to the percentage of such jobs comprising our division of labor. As in a game of musical chairs, it is not structurally possible for everyone to remain a contender. Focus of Study: Various adults who…

  14. 77 FR 10026 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-21

    ...'' against the individual orders and quotes in the CBOE and CBSX electronic books (``EBooks'') will no longer... stock-option orders in the complex order book (``COB'') and the complex order RFR auction (``COA'');...

  15. 78 FR 39807 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... to booth/order management terminal) or inbound limit order price reasonability (i.e., orders may be... describe the processes that inbound orders must pass through before execution, entry into the book, or... Permit Holder's order entry bandwidth allowance at no additional cost. All determinations to...

  16. A Confusion of Signals: James Franck, the Chicago Scientists and Early Efforts to Stop the Bomb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villa, Brian Loring

    1975-01-01

    If the scientists working on the Manhattan Project had realized the consequences of the atomic bomb earlier, formulated their recommendations more precisely, and approached the statesmen in time, American policy on use and control of the bomb might well have been different. (Author/BT)

  17. Those Army Engineers: A History of the Chicago District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-31

    Napoleon Bonaparte , and Colonel Joseph B. Totten, who after 1838 served for 26 years as Chief Engineer of the United States Army. The engineer...1I1t Pr~/"cI luI ’ Impru"II’t-g Cc.uu-".,,.I!>( t- //"r/M, !II ~JJ~~ ) -::’ <~,:::s~-: r-s> ~ . .... , ... . "’ I...Shipments were confined almost entirely to grain while the receipts were almost solely iron ore, limestone and coal. o \\ 0 , .. S T A £ E T -. " lUI

  18. 76 FR 54270 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... House is acting as a Floating Rate Payer or a Fixed Rate Payer. . [For any USD IRS Contract submitted to... Day Convention adjustment, Fixed Rate Payer Payment Dates, Fixed Rate, Floating Rate Payer Payment Dates, Floating Rate Option, Designated Maturity, Spread, Floating Rate for Initial Floating Rate...

  19. 78 FR 4529 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... meaningful listing standards for a national securities exchange is of substantial importance to financial... best interests of the company and its shareholders, and the board discloses, in the proxy statement for... investors and the public interest; and not be designed to permit, among other things, unfair...

  20. 77 FR 42040 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... number of minutes in such trading day). The continuous quoting obligations for NYSE Amex LLC (``NYSE Amex... (as a percentage of the total number of minutes in such trading day); once they enter a quote in an...-Maker is required to provide electronic quotes in an appointed option class on a given trading day....

  1. 78 FR 17736 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ... continuous electronic quotes in an appointed option class on a given trading day. That filing also included a... Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to Market-Maker Continuous Quoting Obligations... the implementation date of changes to Market-Makers' continuous quoting obligations. There is...

  2. 76 FR 75575 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... Market-Maker is required to provide electronic quotes in an appointed option class on a given trading day... Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to Market-Makers' Continuous Electronic Quoting... indicate that Market- Makers will not be obligated to maintain continuous electronic quotes in...

  3. Block by Block: Neighborhoods and Public Policy on Chicago's West Side. Historical Studies of Urban America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seligman, Amanda I.

    2005-01-01

    In the decades following World War II, cities across the United States saw an influx of African American families into otherwise homogeneously white areas. This racial transformation of urban neighborhoods led many whites to migrate to the suburbs, producing the phenomenon commonly known as white flight. In "Block by Block," Amanda I. Seligman…

  4. 76 FR 77878 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-14

    ... the operation of the proposed system functionality: Example 1: Assume an incoming market complex order... and open market and a national market system, and protect investors and the public interest. The... applicable). The Exchange is proposing to revise the operation of COB and COA as it relates to...

  5. 78 FR 8673 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... date of operations of the Regulation NMS Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility (``LULD Plan... principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a... mechanism of a free and open market and the national market system because it promotes uniformity...

  6. 78 FR 8211 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... coincide with the initial date of operations of the Regulation NMS Plan to Address Extraordinary Market... securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national... supports the objectives of perfecting the mechanism of a free and open market and the national...

  7. 77 FR 59444 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-27

    ... remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system... Options on ETFs on the CBOE Hybrid System, to expand on the description of the existing operation of the... resting on the Hybrid System, participation entitlements for certain qualifying market-makers....

  8. A Disciplinary Immigrant. Alexander Smith at the University of Chicago, 1894-1911

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotter, Donald

    2008-01-01

    The publication in 1906 of Alexander Smith's "Introduction to general inorganic chemistry" inaugurated a decisive change in chemical pedagogy in the US, the effects of which are still evident. The nature and extent of Smith's innovations are described through a comparison of his text to its source material and contemporaries. His…

  9. 78 FR 11243 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE..., implement a $0.25 marketing fee for trading in SPY and QQQ options, and eliminate the complex order... $0.25 marketing fee for electronic trading in SPY and QQQ options. Currently, the Marketing...

  10. Diffusion in Ordered Alloys, Symposium Held in Chicago, Illinois on November 3 - 4, 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-11-04

    Wdrwag, "ober Gold- Palladium -Kupfer-Legiclungen,"ZBi1tLlkus 46(2X1955), 119-128. 18. T. Morimura et a., "An Analytical Electron Diffraction Study of L...can be alleviated by microalloying with boron. Fe3Al with a D03 crystal structure displays about 15% elongation in dry oxygen, but only 5% in moist

  11. 75 FR 24633 - Order Finding That the ICE Chicago Financial Basis Contract Traded on the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... commodities to customers, including industrial, commercial and residential consumers'' and whose membership consists of ``energy producers, marketers and utilities.'' ICE is an ECM, as noted above. EI is an economic... association comprised of natural gas producers and marketers. FERC is an independent federal regulatory...

  12. 78 FR 65023 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... benefits of transparency, price discovery, liquidity, and financial stability. \\12\\ In further support, the... added transparency, price discovery, liquidity, and financial stability available. The Exchange also..., address, and social security or tax identification number of any customer who, acting alone, or in...

  13. 78 FR 28911 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... national equity exchanges all have the same core business hours (e.g., New York Stock Exchange Rule 51(a... Proposed Rule Change Relating to Exchange Trading Days and Hours of Business and Trading Halts May 10, 2013... rule change to amend Rules 6.1 (Days and Hours of Business) and 6.3 (Trading Halts). The proposed...

  14. 78 FR 19348 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... core business hours.\\3\\ With this proposal, the Exchange is attempting to clarify in its rules that it... Proposed Rule Change Relating to Exchange Trading Days and Hours of Business and Trading Halts March 25... Exchange rules to clarify Rules 6.1, ``Days and Hours of Business,'' and 6.3, ``Trading Halts.'' The...

  15. 76 FR 20066 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Granting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ... constructed, in the aggregate, to eliminate the stock price dependence. In theory, this option portfolio would... of trade, to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts, to remove impediments to and perfect the... proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). \\6\\ 15...

  16. Testimony to the National Commission on Excellence in Education. (Public Hearing, Chicago, Illinois, June 23, 1982).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Theodore H.

    The complex problems affecting the transition from secondary to postsecondary education are reviewed by an educator who works with black students from a small, Catholic high school. The following adjustments that students face in college are discussed: a change in the way a student is taught and learns, new levels of responsibility and…

  17. 77 FR 23768 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    .../Polish Zloty (``USD/PLN''), U.S. Dollar/South African Rand (``USD/ZAR''), Australian Dollar/Japanese Yen... the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between...

  18. 78 FR 53490 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... Krona, Hungarian Forint, Polish Zloty and the South African Rand, and to add two new rate option for its... rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the...

  19. 77 FR 33259 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ... style, and certain exercise prices. FLEX Options can be FLEX Index Options or FLEX Equity Options. In... platform. The filing made other amendments to eliminate certain European-Capped style settlement and... are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule...

  20. 75 FR 8776 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated: Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-25

    ...'') in options on the S&P 100 Index American-style options (OEX) and S&P 100 Index European-style options... communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those...