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Sample records for chen ji xiangfeng

  1. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji Winning the Prize of "Ren Ji Cup" for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine by WFCMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In order to promote the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine among the states and regions globally and fasten the step of Chinese medicine to the world, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS) has set up an award for those who have greatly contributed to medical treatment, education, scientific research of Chinese medicine, and the establishment of the statutory registration of Chinese medicine. The First International Contribution to Chinese Medicine Award Ceremony was held on April 10 at the Great Hall of the People in China. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji (China), Lin Tzi Chang (Australia) and David Molony (U.S.A) were awarded "Ren Ji Cup", the Prize for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine.

  2. 高师田径运动会陈骥背越式跳高技术的生物力学研究%Biomechanics Research on Fosbury Flop High Jump Techniques of Chen Ji in Track and Field Games among Normal Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁铁怀; 姚辉洲

    2015-01-01

    The research uses two high -speed cameras to take pictures of Chen Ji’s Fosbury Flop high jump techniques demonstrated in The Sixth Track and Field Games among Normal Universities and adopts video analysis system of Beijing Sport University to analyze his technical movement.By a comparative analysis between the analyzed movement technical parameters and that of elite athletes at home and abroad,the paper tries to identify the gap between high jump techniques of Chen Ji and other high jumpers and provide scientific basis and information support for targeted training.%采用两台高速摄像机对参加第六届高师田径运动会跳高比赛的运动员陈骥的背越式跳高技术动作进行拍摄,并采用北京体育大学视讯解析系统对其技术动作进行解析,将获得的运动技术参数与国内外优秀运动员的技术参数进行对比分析,从而找出该运动员跳高技术上存在的差距,为有针对性的训练提供科学依据及信息支持。

  3. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    been the first to write children’s literature. In 1914 she was among the first group of women to gain a Boxer Indemnity grant to study in America. The reiteration of these many “firsts” has led to a rather stereotypical portrait of Chen Hengzhe in Chinese sources and, as a result, in most Western......Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China...

  4. New Administrator of SAC, Chen Gang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On June 14th,SAC held a meeting presented by its middle-high officials,at which Zhang Qinrong,Member of CPC Leading Group and Director of Personnel Department,General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ),announced the personnel decision made by the State Council,the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee and AQSIQ.In the decision,Chen Gang was appointed as Member of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,Administrator of SAC and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of SAC,and Ji Zhengkun was dismissed as the Member of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,Administrator of SAC and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of SAC.The meeting was presided by Ji Zhengkun.Zhi Shuping,Minister of AQSIQ and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,attended the meeting and gave a speech.Ji Zhengkun and Chen Gang also delivered speeches.

  5. Policewoman Chen Yaping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    1. Setting out on a mission. 2. Chen Yaping takes the time to visit people at home. 3. Taking care of elderly people. 4. Chen Yaping is in charge of an area with dozens of big and small lanes in the southern part of Beijing.

  6. Tai Ji Quan: An overview of its history, health benefits, and cultural value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yucheng Guo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Tai Ji Quan is considered to be a part of traditional Chinese Wushu (a martial art and comprises various styles that have evolved historically from the Chen, Yang, Wǔ, Wú, and Sun families (schools. Recent simplification of the original classic styles has made Tai Ji Quan easier to adopt in practice. Thus, the traditional legacy of using Tai Ji Quan for self-defense, mindful nurturing of well-being, and fitness enhancement has been expanded to more contemporary applications that focus on promoting physical and mental health, enhancing general well-being, preventing chronic diseases, and being an effective clinical intervention for diverse medical conditions. As the impact of Tai Ji Quan on physical performance and health continues to grow, there is a need to better understand its historical impact and current status. This paper provides an overview of the evolution of Tai Ji Quan in China, its functional utility, and the scientific evidence of its health benefits, as well as how it has been a vehicle for enhancing cultural understanding and exchanging between East and West.

  7. Bai Ji,a Young Dancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Bai Ji is a second-class performer,a member of the Chinese Dancers’Association,vice-president of Tibet Dancers’ Association,a member of the China National Youth Federation,and an"excellent daughter of the frontier."Bai Ji graduated from the Beijing Dance Institute with excellent marks in 1982.She has not only a good mastery

  8. Poetic Comnos er Chen Qigang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    ON visiting Chen Qigang’s web page(www.qigangchen.fr.st) and seeing his picture,the viewer knows immediately that this is noordinary person. Chen’s essential boldness,sensitivity and warmth show clearly in his face. Onreading his resume about his studies in France, and hiscompositions that were a departure from traditionalChinese music, this impression is endorsed. His tutor,Olivier Messiaen, a master of 20th century modernmusic, once remarked, "His compositions reveal truecreativeness, great talent, and a perfect assimilation ofEuropean musical concepts into Chinese thought."On his emergence into contemporary classical music, few of Chen’s peers acknowledged the originality of his work. Years later, his talent, unconventional-ity, and refusal to be constrained by contemporary Western musical mores have won him recognition. In January 2003, the UK record company EMI/Virgin is to release Chen Qigang’s CD (The Five Elements, Reflections on Years Past, and Butterfly in Love with Flowers).

  9. Radiation Measurement for Ji Nan MNSR Decommissioning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Ji'Nan MNSR is an under moderated reactor of pool-tank type, UAl with high-enriched 235U as fuel, beryllium as reflector, and light water as coolant. It was built in 1989, and shutdown in 2008. It operated 840 times, the total operation time is 3 194.

  10. On a result of Imin Chen

    CERN Document Server

    Edixhoven, B

    1996-01-01

    We give another proof of Imin Chen's result that the jacobian of the modular curve X(p)_{non-split}, for p a prime number, is isogeneous to the new part of the jacobian of X_0(p^2), using only the representation theory of the group GL_2(Z/pZ). In fact, we prove a generalization of Chen's result for objects with an action by GL_2(Z/pZ) in any pseudo-abelian Q-linear category.

  11. Developed feedback from the Swedish CDM and JI program; Utvecklad aaterrapportering fraan det svenska CDM- och JI-programmet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    The Swedish Energy Agency is responsible for the Swedish government program for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI). CDM and JI is the Kyoto Protocol's two project-based flexible mechanisms. This program focuses on participation in individual CDM- and JI-projects and on participation in multilateral CDM- and JI- funds. In the report the Swedish Energy Agency, on behalf of the Government, presents a proposal for developed reporting for the CDM- and JI-program. Furthermore, issues related to how CDM and JI can assist in meeting the Swedish climate objective by 2020 are discussed. Also, the role for potential new flexible mechanisms under UN Climate Convention is mentioned.

  12. Ji Wenbo, "Confidence is A Key"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jie

    2007-01-01

    @@ The three time winner of 'Best Menswear Designer' and the head of design for Lilang (China) Co., Ltd, is now best known for being the first Chinese designer to showcase in Milan fashion week. After series of careful examinations and discussions by the board of Milan fashion week, in December 2006 Ji Wenbo received the official invite by The National Chamber for Italy Fashion (The Camera Nazionale delta Moda Italiana) and the door to one of the world's most privileged fashion stages opens to China fashion.

  13. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1JI4I-1JIGD [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1JI4I-1JIGD 1JI4 1JIG I D ---MKTFEILKHLQADAIVLFMKVHNFHWNVKGTDFFNV...HKATEEIYEEFADMFDDLAERIVQLGHHPLVTLSEAIKLTRVKEETKTSFHSKDIFKEILEDYKYLEKEFKELSNTAEKEGDKVTVTYADDQLAKLQKSIWMLQAHLA...VQTLVNDYSALIQELKEGMEVAGEAGDATSADMLLAIHTTLEQHVWMLSAFLK --- HHHHHHHHHH...0 1JIG D 1JIGD

  14. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Visits Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>To further exchanges and cooperation between the people of China and Japan and enhance ties between the CPAFFC and Japanese non-governmental friendly organizations, President Chen Haosu visited Japan at the head of a CPAFFC delegation from February 7 to 12.

  15. Titanisierung von Implantatoberflächen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Hanngörg; Heinlein, Markus; Guldner, Norbert W.

    Titan gilt seit Jahrzehnten als einer der wichtigsten Implantatwerkstoffe in der Medizin. Neben den guten mechanischen Eigenschaften (Leichtigkeit, hohe Festigkeit etc.), besitzen Titanimplantate vor allem eine hervorragende Körperverträglichkeit, so dass die Implantate optimal in den humanen Organismus integriert werden [1]. Ist jedoch aufgrund der Anforderungen an das Implantat eine hohe Flexibilität und/ oder Elastizität gefragt, so scheidet der Werkstoff Titan aufgrund seiner spröden und unflexiblen Materialeigenschaften aus. Die Folge ist der Einsatz von Implantatmaterialien, sowohl künstlichen als auch biologischen Ursprungs, welche nicht selten eine unzureichende Biokompatibilität aufweisen und somit zu Fremdköper- und immunologischen Reaktionen und Einkapselung des Implantates führen können. Die Erhöhung der Körperverträglichkeit, eine Adaption an das biologische Umfeld und eine hohe Biokompatibilität sind demzufolge die wichtigsten Eigenschaften bei der bedarfsgerechten Herstellung von Implantaten und Implantatoberflächen. Zur Gestaltung von innovativen, biokompatiblen Oberflächen stehen unterschiedliche technische Lösungsansätze zur Verfügung. Zum einen besteht die Möglichkeit, geeignete Oberflächeneigenschaften aus dem Grundmaterial selbst zu optimieren. Dies geschieht unter anderem durch Modifikation der Werkstoffoberflächen in Form von Texturierungen und Oberflächenrauhigkeiten. Zum anderen können die Oberflächeneigenschaften unabhängig von denen des Trägermaterials gestaltet werden. Durch Funktionalisierung der Oberflächen mit geeigneten Beschichtungen oder der Zugabe von Medikamenten (Drug Eluting) werden die Kunststoffimplantate dahingehend verändert, dass eine Steigerung der Körperakzeptanz erreicht wird. Die Titanbeschichtung von Implantatoberflächen kombiniert die positiven Materialeigenschaften von Titan und Polymer.

  16. Workshop Arboretum Volčji potok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Kučan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available From its constitution onwards, the Volčji Potok Arboretum has been caught between various conflicting orientations. It is both a scientific, research and educational institution, and a cultural monument with exquisite garden and landscape design features and areas of great natural value and built cultural heritage, as well as commercial venue. At the same time, it functions as a park and an area for mass events, a garden centre and nursery. This variety of functions has helped Arboretum to survive the pressures of time; however, partial and uncoordinated interventions have threatened its original mission and its image and generated a number of conflicting situations. The workshop, organised on the initiative of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, which involved students from the Faculty of Architecture and students from the Department of Landscape Architecture of the Biotechnical Faculty in mixed groups, generated eight proposals to solve some of the most urgent problems by introducing optimised development with clearly defined goals and priorities.

  17. Transforming traditional Tai Ji Quan techniques into integrative movement therapy—Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuzhong Li

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Tai Ji Quan, developed as a martial art, has traditionally served multiple purposes, including self-defense, competition/performance, and health promotion. With respect to health, the benefits historically and anecdotally associated with Tai Ji Quan are now being supported by scientific and clinical research, with mounting evidence indicating its potential value in preventing and managing various diseases and improving well-being and quality of life in middle-aged and older adults. The research findings produced to date have both public health significance and clinical relevance. However, because of its roots in the martial arts, transforming traditional Tai Ji Quan movements and training approaches into contemporary therapeutic programs and functional applications is needed to maximize its ultimate utility. This paper addresses this issue by introducing Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance, a functional therapy that involves the use of Tai Ji Quan principles and Yang-style-based movements to form an innovative, contemporary therapeutic approach that integrates motor, sensory, and cognitive components to improve postural control, gait, and mobility for older adults and those who have neurodegenerative movement impairments. It provides a synergy of traditional and contemporary Tai Ji Quan practice with the ultimate goal of improving balance and gait, enhancing performance of daily functional tasks, and reducing incidence of falls among older adults.

  18. Transforming traditional Tai Ji Quan techniques into integrative movement therapy-Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fuzhong

    2014-03-01

    Tai Ji Quan, developed as a martial art, has traditionally served multiple purposes, including self-defense, competition/performance, and health promotion. With respect to health, the benefits historically and anecdotally associated with Tai Ji Quan are now being supported by scientific and clinical research, with mounting evidence indicating its potential value in preventing and managing various diseases and improving well-being and quality of life in middle-aged and older adults. The research findings produced to date have both public health significance and clinical relevance. However, because of its roots in the martial arts, transforming traditional Tai Ji Quan movements and training approaches into contemporary therapeutic programs and functional applications is needed to maximize its ultimate utility. This paper addresses this issue by introducing Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance, a functional therapy that involves the use of Tai Ji Quan principles and Yang-style-based movements to form an innovative, contemporary therapeutic approach that integrates motor, sensory, and cognitive components to improve postural control, gait, and mobility for older adults and those who have neurodegenerative movement impairments. It provides a synergy of traditional and contemporary Tai Ji Quan practice with the ultimate goal of improving balance and gait, enhancing performance of daily functional tasks, and reducing incidence of falls among older adults.

  19. An Interview with Chess Master Zhu Chen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    An Unforgettable Championship Interviewer (I): Before the Chinese Women’sChess Team won its first team title in the 33rd InternationalOlympic Chess Competition held in Russia in October 1998, allof you thought the competition would be stiff, didn’t you?ZHU CHEN (Zh): We had scored only moderately well againstthe Lithuanian, German and Czechoslovakian teams, whichworried our coach and captain so much that they encouraged usto fight with the spirit the Chinese people had shown incombating the floods in 1998. So you can see how difficult the

  20. Tai Ji Quan, the brain, and cognition in older adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Kai Chang

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between physical activity (PA and cognition has received much attention recently. While evidence of improved cognition following PA has consistently been observed, the majority of studies have spotlighted aerobic exercise and the effects of other modes of PA, such as Tai Ji Quan, on cognition have received limited attention. This article provides a brief review of the literature concerning the influence of Tai Ji Quan on cognition in older adults, including those with intact cognition and those with cognitive impairment. In addition, this review proposes potential mechanisms (cardiovascular fitness, motor fitness, movement coordination, social interaction, and meditation statuses as well brain structure and function evaluated from a neuroimaging perspective that may explain the Tai Ji Quan–cognition relationship. Finally, we present suggestions for future research. In conclusion, Tai Ji Quan, with its multi-faceted characteristics, shows promise as a mode of PA for enhancing cognition, as well as brain health, in older adults. Based on the findings in this review, further exploration of the effects of Tai Ji Quan on cognition in older adults is warranted.

  1. Long-term prospects of CDM and JI; Langfristige Perspektiven von CDM und JI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cames, Martin; Anger, Niels; Boehringer, Christoph; Harthan, Ralph O.; Schneider, Lambert [Oeko-Institut, Berlin (Germany)

    2007-07-15

    This study analyses whether Germany should use the flexible mechanisms under the Kyoto protocol or whether it should continue to achieve its greenhouse gas reduction targets by dint of domestic policies and measures. It estimates the future potential of the project-based Kyoto mechanisms (CDM and JI) and the impacts of its use on the German and the global economy, using an integrated-assessment model. In a Delphi survey, the expectations of international experts on the future prospects of the project-based Kyoto mechanisms are assessed. The study finishes with an analysis of options for promoting the use of the flexible mechanisms in Germany and concludes that the Federal Government of Germany should establish a project-based mechanisms fund of 25 to 50 million Kyoto units to cover the compliance uncertainties due to unexpected temperature or business cycle variations. (orig.) [German] Diese Studie untersucht, ob Deutschland die flexiblen Mechanismen unter dem Kyoto-Protokoll nutzen sollte oder weiterhin seine Treibhausgasreduktionsziele durch inlaendische Politiken und Massnahmen erreichen sollte. Das kuenftige Potenzial der projektbezogenen Kyoto-Mechanismen (CDM und JI) wird untersucht und die Auswirkungen von deren Nutzung auf die deutsche und globale Wirtschaft werden mit einem Integrated-Assessment-Modell abgeschaetzt. In einer Delphi-Befragung werden die Erwartungen internationaler Experten in Hinblick auf die kuenftigen Perspektiven der projektbezogenen Kyoto- Mechanismen ermittelt. Abschliessend werden Moeglichkeiten zur Foerderung der Nutzung der flexiblen Mechanismen in Deutschland analysiert, mit der Schlussfolgerung, dass die Bundesregierung einen 25 bis 50 Millionen Kyoto-Einheiten umfassenden Fonds fuer projektbezogene Mechanismen einrichten sollte, um die Unsicherheiten bei der Erfuellung des Kyoto-Ziels infolge unerwarteter Temperaturschwankungen oder einer Aenderung der Konjunkturentwicklung abzudecken. (orig.)

  2. Chaos synchronization between two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Yang-Zheng; Jiang Chang-Sheng; Lin Chang-Sheng; Jiang Yao-Mei

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents chaos synchronization between two different four-dimensional (4D) hyperchaotic Chen systems by nonlinear feedback control laws.A modified 4D hyperchaotic Chen system is obtained by changing the nonlinear function of the 4D hyperchaotic Chen system,furthermore,an electronic circuit to realize two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is designed.With nonlinear feedback control method,chaos synchronization between two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is achieved.Based on the stability theory,the functions of the nonlinear feedback control for synchronization of two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is derived,the range of feedback gains is determined.Numerical simulations are shown to verify the theoretical results.

  3. Effects of Tai Ji Exercise on Bone Structure and Function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; David Lawson

    2005-01-01

    To evaluated the effects of the 24 movements Tai Ji exercise on bone structure and function. Broadband Ultrsonic Attenuation (BUA) and velocity of sound (VOS), bone formation marker Osteocalcin (OSTN) and bone resorption markers urinary Pyridum crosslinks (PYR and D-PYR) were studied before and after four months of Tai Ji exercise. Improved bone structure and increased bone density in menopausal women were reflected by BUA results. The increased BUA appears to be associated with increased bone formation rather than decreased bone resorption.

  4. Annual Report 2011 for the Swedish CDM and JI program; Aarsredovisning 2011 foer Sveriges CDM och JI-program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    The report is an annual report of the Swedish CDM [Clean Development Mechanism] and JI [Joint Implementation]program for 2011. The report shows aims and goals of the business and the work of individual CDM and JI projects and multilateral funds which have been performed over the entire duration of life and especially during 2011. The report presents volume orders, deliveries of emission reduction units as well as the volumes expected to be needed for the fulfillment of the national target by 2020. The report also includes information about the average price for the emission reductions as well as alternative costs.

  5. Tai Ji Quan as an exercise modality to prevent and manage cardiovascular disease: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth E. Taylor-Piliae

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: Collectively, these studies indicate that Tai Ji Quan is a safe form of exercise to prevent and manage CVD. Further research is needed with more rigorous study designs, larger sample sizes, adequate Tai Ji Quan exercise doses, and carefully chosen outcome measures that assess the mechanisms as well as the effects of Tai Ji Quan, before widespread recommendations can be made.

  6. SLANT IMMERSIONS OF COMPLEX SPACE FORMS AND CHEN'S INEQUALITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Guanghan; Wu Chuanxi

    2005-01-01

    A submanifold in a complex space form is called slant if it has constant Wirtinger angles. B. Y. Chen and Y. Tazawa proved that there do not exist minimal proper slant surfaces in CP2 and CH2. So it seems that the slant immersion has some interesting properties. The authors have great interest to consider slant immersions satisfying some additional conditions, such as unfull first normal bundles or Chen's equality holding. They prove that there do not exist n-dimensional Kaehlerian slant immersions in CPn and CHn with unfull first normal bundles. Next, it is seen that every Kaehlerian slant submanifold satisfying an equality of Chen is minimal which is similar to that of Lagrangian immersions. But in contrast, it is shown that a large class of slant immersions do not exist thoroughly. Finally, they give an application of Chen's inequality to general slant immersions in a complex projective space, which generalizes a result of Chen.

  7. 陈抟的先天《易》学思想探析∗%An Investigation and Analysis of Chen Tuan ’s Xian Tian I Ching Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文钦

    2016-01-01

    华山高隐陈抟(872-989)早年儒服,壮岁慕道,晚年入道,唯一不变的是对《易》的爱好。陈抟的《易》学受《周易》经传、《易纬》的影响,除了有对儒学自身的发掘,更涵摄老学与佛学的思想与范畴,在象数领域进一步开拓了《易》学的视野。《先天太极图>是陈抟创制的著名《易》图之一,是由先天八卦与《阴阳鱼太极图》组合而成的。由《京兆府广慈禅院新修瑞象记》的存在,证实了陈抟确实有着先天八卦卦图思想,这也意谓着陈抟在先天八卦的发展上是关键的角色。《先天太极图》承袭《参同契》以乾坤为南北,离坎为东西,《参同契》以乾坤为人身之象,乾为首,坤为腹,坎离为水火之说,以喻身中之药物,因此,《先天太极图》是用来表示炼丹的过程。陈抟先天之学是作为丹道炼养学理之依据。%Chen Tuan (872-989),a legendary Daoist sage living in Mt.Hua,who was conversant with the Confucianism at an early age,took interest in Taoism in midlife,and devoted himself entirely to Taoism in his later years.Chen Tuan's enthusiasm for I Ching had never changed.I Ching and I Wei had strong influences on Chen Tuan's I Ching studies .Aside from investigations into Confucianism,Chen Tu-an's I Ching studies not only involve thoughts of Laozi and Buddhism,but also broaden new horizons of I Ching in the field of Pattern-Number.“Xian Tian Tai Ji Tu,”one of Chen Tuan's famous creations,con-sists of Xian Tian Ba Gua and“Yin Yang Yu Tai Ji Tu.”Through JingZhaoFuGuangCiChanYuanXin XiuRui Xiang Ji,we confirm Chen Tuan's thought of Xian Tian Ba Gua,which means Chen Tuan plays a vital part in the development of Xian Tian Ba Gua. Following CanTong Qi,“Xian Tian Tai Ji Tu”uses Qian and Kun as north and south,Li and Kan as east and west.CanTong Qi takes Qian and Kun as the symbols of the human body,which means the head and the abdomen

  8. [Effects of long-term Tai Ji Quan exercise on automatic nervous modulation in the elderly].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Feng

    2015-03-01

    To examine the effects of long-term Tai Ji Quan (Chinnese Traditional Exercise) on automatic nervous modulation in the elders. The 18 subjects from Tai Ji Quan exercise class in Liaoning University of Retired Veteran Cadres were assigned into long-term Tai Ji Quan exercise group including 10 subjects and novice group including 8 subjects. Electrocardiography, respiratory and blood pressure data were collected on the following time points: at rest before Tai Ji Qhuan exercise and 30 min or 60 min after Tai Ji Quan exercise. The subjects at rest state in the long-term Tai Ji Quan exercise group showed higher than the subjects in the novice group in resperitory rate (RR), standard deviations of normal to normal intervals (SDNN), total power (TP), low frequency power (LFP), high frequency power (HFP), normalized high frequency power (nHFP), but lower in LFP/HFP, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate. At rest state the respiratory rate of subjects in long-term Tai Ji Quan exercise group was significantly lower than the novices. After Tai Ji Quan exercise, TP, nHFP, LFP/HFP, heart rate and systolic pressure showed significantly changes, and the change level of Tai Ji Quan on these indices was larger in Tai Ji Quan exercise group than that in the novice group. Long-term Tai Ji Quan exercise can improve vagal modulations, and tend to reduce the sympathetic modulations.

  9. Adaptive synchronization of Chen chaotic system with uncertain parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yu-liang; ZHU Jie; DING Da-wei

    2007-01-01

    By the control method independent of system parameters, synchronization of two Chen chaotic systems with identical, but uncertain parameters is discussed in this article. Based on Lyapunov's theorem, an adaptive controller and the parameters estimate update law are derived to make the solution of the error dynamical equation converge at the point E(0, 0, 0) with a quick speed, that is, the states of two Chen chaotic systems can be asymptotically synchronized. Numerical simulations verify the effectiveness and the adaptivity to the variation of Chen system parameters.

  10. Ji Hongzhen: The New Face of Literary Criticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    JI Hongzhen has been described as a critic with magnificent sweep and muscle in Chinese literary circles. She deserves the description. "We’re like small birds in this world and our lives are short," she said. "We should grasp the twinkling of life that belongs to us, catch something that is hard to catch with all of our wisdom and ability, and do something with all our might. It doesn’t matter even if we end up being a

  11. Pioneer of Nonferrous Metallurgy Education——Chen Xinmin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1991-01-01

    Situated at the foot of Yuelu Mountain in Changsha,is the cradle ofnonferrous metal scientific workers—Central.South University of Tech-nology,Professor Chen Xinmin has been working here for nearly forty

  12. Research on Several Questions about the Study of Ji Zha%关于季札研究的若干问题再探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王青

    2014-01-01

    春秋时期吴国著名的贤大夫公子季札,因典籍记载缺略,所以其重要的事迹,如让国、隐居延陵、救陈等皆暗而不明,引发学者长期争讼。近年面世的上博简《弟子问》、《吴命》篇内容为解决这些问题提供了重要启示。《弟子问》载孔子盛赞季札为“天民”,即先知先觉的圣人,可知《春秋》不贬季札。《吴命》“吴走陈”的简文印证了季札救陈的可信性以及正义性。季札精通礼乐,是春秋时期深研诗乐的第一人,他是先秦时期吴文化的一座高峰。%The virtuous officer and grandee Ji Zha of the Wu State lived in the Spring and Autumn Period,he abdicated the throne to his brother and nephew,secluded himself in Yanling,relieved the State of Chen.Such as these important deeds of Ji Zha are not clear,this is because of the lack of ancient records.The article in the bamboo manuscripts collected by the Shanghai Museum revealed some relevant information.These are very valuable information for the understanding of grandee Ji Zha.The enlightenment of the bamboo slips “Dizi wen”and“Wu Ming”about Ji Zha is consistent with ancient records.Ji Zha was profi-cient in ritual and music,he represented the Summit of the Wu cult ure in pro-Qin dynasty period.

  13. Chen's Scrappiing of "NUC" and U.S. Predicament

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Qingchun

    2006-01-01

    @@ On February 27, 2006, Chen Shuibian announced his decision to cease the operation of the "National Unification Council (NUC) and the application of its guidelines," which further increased the risk of "Taiwan independence." Chen's campaign for "Taiwan independence," which in essence was an attempt to change the status quo, thus gravely damaging the cross-strait relations. The next day,the White House and U. S. State Department made a separate response. On the one hand, they argued that Chen didn't change the status quo as he only "freezed" instead of "abolishing" the "NUC"and its guidelines. On the other hand, they urged the leaders of mainland China and the Taiwan authorities to go back to the negotiation table. ① Such understatement and seeming evenhandedness by the U.S. shows its acquiescence to the reality of Chen's abolition of the"NUC," and its limited ability to control Chen's activities for "Taiwan independence." In the coming two years, Washington's current Taiwan policy will hardly continue to work, as Chen will steadily promote the modification of "The Constitution" and the "legal independence." The U. S. must make an option between allowing the "Taiwan independence" forces to impinge on its "one-China policy' and clearly suppressing the movement for "Taiwan independence."

  14. [Professor XIAO Ji-fang's idea on acupuncture-moxibustion ].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Yu-Shan; Liao, Yu-Heng; Rui, Jing-Lin; Zhang, Cui-Zhou

    2012-03-01

    Professor XIAO Ji-fang, an experienced practitioner of Chinese medicine of Guangxi, is famous for his medical ethics, wide range of studies, comprehensive understanding of the classics, innovation, as well as u nique academic ideas. He focuses on mind-regulating in acupuncture and pulse diagnosis. At the same time, differentiation of syndromes, diseases and meridians are emphasized. The combination of acupuncture and moxibustion and integration of acupuncture and medicine are promoted. He is especially skilled at slow twisting needle insertion, Taiji needling therapy, scalp acupuncture and moxibustion with a herb prepared thread of Zhuang nationality, which all achieve remarkable effects.

  15. Discussion on manufacturing techniques of Chen Zhang Pot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Taofeng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Chen Zhang Pot, made in the late Warring States period is an openwork bronze pot with gold and silver inlay. It was identified as a first-class historical relic of the nation by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in 2001. To explore its manufacturing techniques, XRF, CT and X-Ray photograph microscopic observation were adopted for the non-destructive examination of the Chen Zhang Pot. The analysis data show that many parts of the Chen Zhang Pot were cast separately, and then assembled. It also shows that the composition proportion of each part of the Chen Zhang Pot is different; and the bronze color, hardness and tensile strength are different for each alloy proportion. A variety of decoration techniques were adopted in the manufacturing process, which make the color more diverse and gorgeous. The openwork decoration is the most complex part of the pot, and the gold and silver decoration technique also represents the high level manufacturing technology in the Warring States period. In summary, the Chen Zhang Pot is a unique art treasure, and as a specimen it allows us to study the bronze casting technology in the Warring States period.

  16. Passive control and synchronization of hyperchaotic Chen system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Qun-Jiao; Lu Jun-An

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates the control and synchronization of hyperchaotic Chen system based on the passive theory.By using two outputs,novel passive controllers are respectively designed to realize the globally asymptotical stability of the hyperchaotic Chen system and the error dynamical system,which avoids mistakes in Ref.[ll],where function W(z) cannot guarantee that f0(z) is globally asymptotically stable via only one output and W(z) is the Lyapunov function of f0(z).Furthermore,numerical simulations are given to show the effectiveness of our method.

  17. Acupuncture ( zhēn jiǔ) - an emerging adjunct in routine oral care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Devanand; Dalai, Deepak Ranjan; Swapnadeep; Mehta, Parul; Indra, B Niranjanaprasad; Rastogi, Saurabh; Jain, Ankita; Chaturvedi, Mudita; Sharma, Saumya; Singh, Sanjeev; Gill, Shruti; Singh, Nisha; Gupta, Rajendra Kumar

    2014-10-01

    Acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) ('acus' (needle) + 'punctura' (to puncture)) is the stimulation of specific points along the skin of the body involving various methods such as penetration by thin needles or the application of heat, pressure, or laser light. Acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) aims to treat a range of medical and dental ailments, though is most commonly used for pain relief. This article reviews about the various possible roles of acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) in clinical dental practice. Acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) has potential in supplementing conventional treatment procedures by its diverse applicability outreach. Role of acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) in dental practice has been well supported by clinical trials. Its role in alleviating facial pain, pre-operative and post-operative dental pain has led to its widespread application. Its role as sole analgesic for treatment procedure has to be tested. It's It is a thought that acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) may prove an indispensible supplement to conventional treatment modalities and more of clinical trials and studies are required to prove the efficacy. Acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) is not a miracle cure and is not going to replace the drill. However, the technique can be a supplement to conventional treatments in TMDs, facial pain, pain management Sjoegrens syndrome, and in phobias and anxiety. The application and use of Acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ) comes with some side effects. Proper training needs to be obtained before commencement of any procedure related to acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ). Various training programs are offered to train clinical practitioners the apt method to use acupuncture ( Zhēn Jiǔ).

  18. Univariate and multivariate Chen-Stein characterizations -- a parametric approach

    CERN Document Server

    Ley, Christophe

    2011-01-01

    We provide a general framework for characterizing families of (univariate, multivariate, discrete and continuous) distributions in terms of a parameter of interest. We show how this allows for recovering known Chen-Stein characterizations, and for constructing many more. Several examples are worked out in full, and different potential applications are discussed.

  19. Beauty and physics: 13 important contributions of Chen Ning Yang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Yu

    2014-06-01

    In 2012, Chen Ning Yang received a 90th birthday gift in the form of a black cube inscribed with his 13 most important contributions, which cover four major areas of physics: statistical mechanics, condensed matter physics, particle physics and field theory. We briefly describe these 13 contributions and make general comments about Yang's distinctive style as a trailblazing leader in research.

  20. The Chen-Fliess approximation for diffusion functionals

    CERN Document Server

    Litterer, Christian

    2011-01-01

    We show that a large class of functionals of a stochastic differential equation can be approximated by a Chen-Fliess series of iterated stochastic integrals and give a L^{2} error estimate, thus generalizing the standard stochastic Taylor expansion. The coefficients in this series are given a very intuitive meaning by using functional derivatives, recently introduced by B. Dupire.

  1. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and His Party in Ukraine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Ukraine-China Society (UCS), CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and his party paid a visit to Kiev and Yalta from June 5 to 9. Leonid Kravchuk, honorary president of the UCS and first Ukrainian

  2. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Visits Yemen and Jordan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>From March 10 to 19, a CPAFFC delegation headed by its President Chen Haosu paid a goodwill visit to Yemen and Jordan as guests of the Yemeni-Chinese Friendship Association (YCFA) and the Jordan-China Friendship Society (JCFS).

  3. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation to Iceland and Denmark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Icelandic-Chinese Cultural So-ciety (ICCS) and the Friendship Association Denmark-China, the CPAFFC delegation headed by President Chen Haosu visited Iceland, Denmark and the Faroe Islands from November 18 to 29, 2003.On November 22, in collaboration with the ICCS and the Chinese Association of Iceland, the delegation held a kite show

  4. Chaos Synchronization on Parameters Adaptive Control for Chen Chaotic System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Ping

    2003-01-01

    Chaos synchronization of Chen chaotic system for parameters unknown is discussed in this paper using a scalar output. Using the concept of conditional Lyapunov exponents, the negativity of all Lyapunov exponents shows the synchronization of transmitter systems with receiver systems even though system parametes are not known to receiver systems.

  5. Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control for Hyper Chaotic Chen System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SARAILOO, M.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a fuzzy sliding mode control method is proposed for stabilizing hyper chaotic Chen system. The main objective of the control scheme is to stabilize unstable equilibrium point of the system by controlling the states of the system so that they converge to a pre-defined sliding surface and remain on it. A fuzzy control technique is also utilized in order to overcome the main disadvantage of sliding mode control methods, i.e. chattering problem. It is shown that the equilibrium point of the system is stabilized by using the proposed method. A stability analysis is also performed to prove that the states of the system converge to the sliding surface and remain on it. Simulations show that the control method can be effectively applied to Chen system when it performs hyper chaotic behavior.

  6. Chen's Iterated Integral represents the Operator Product Expansion

    CERN Document Server

    Kreimer, D

    1999-01-01

    The recently discovered formalism underlying renormalization theory, the Hopf algebra of rooted trees, allows to generalize Chen's lemma. In its generalized form it describes the change of a scale in Green functions, and hence relates to the operator product expansion. Hand in hand with this generalization goes the generalization of the ordinary factorial $n!$ to the tree factorial $t^!$. Various identities on tree-factorials are derived which clarify the relation between Connes-Moscovici weights and Quantum Field Theory.

  7. FATHER OF DIWA THEORY——CHEN GUODA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1991-01-01

    Professor Chen Guoda,a department member of Academia Sinica,a tu-tor of doctoral and post-doctoral students in the Central South Univer-sity of Technology,has been engaged in geological teaching and researchfor more than 50 years.His most important contribution is to found theworldwide praised Diwa theory,which enjoys high prestige in the geo-logical community.

  8. Tallinnasse tuleb 180-aastane Hachiōji Kuruma Ningyō nukuteater / Rait Piir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piir, Rait

    2011-01-01

    17. oktoobril esineb Eesti Nuku- ja Noorsooteatris Jaapani nukuteater. Traditsioonilisest Jaapani nukuteatrist. Hachiōji Kuruma Ningyō nukuteatri stiil on pärit 19. sajandi keskelt. Teemadest, mida teater kasutab

  9. Chaotic attractor transforming control of hybrid Lorenz-Chen system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Dong-Lian; Wang Qiao; Gu Hong

    2008-01-01

    Based on passive theory, this paper studies a hybrid chaotic dynamical system from the mathematics perspective to implement the control of system stabilization.According to the Jacobian matrix of the nonlinear system, the stabilization control region is gotten.The controller is designed to stabilize fast the minimum phase Lorenz-Chen chaotic system after equivalently transforming from chaotic system to passive system. The simulation results show that the system not only can be controlled at the different equilibria, but also can be transformed between the different chaotic attractors.

  10. Dynamic states of a unidirectional ring of chen oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Ana [Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre s/n, 4440-452 Porto, Portugal up200802541@fc.up.pt (Portugal); Pinto, Carla M.A. [School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto, Rua Dr António Bernardino de Almeida, 431, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal cap@isep.ipp.pt (Portugal)

    2015-03-10

    We study curious dynamical patterns appearing in a network of a unidirectional ring of Chen oscillators coupled to a ‘buffer’ cell. The network has Z{sub 3} exact symmetry group. We simulate the coupled cell systems associated to the two networks and obtain steady-states, rotating waves, quasiperiodic behavior, and chaos. The different patterns appear to arise through a sequence of Hopf, period-doubling and period-halving bifurcations. The network architecture appears to explain some patterns, whereas the properties of the chaotic oscillator may explain others. We use XPPAUT and MATLAB to compute numerically the relevant states.

  11. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Attends UCLG-ASPAC Council Meeting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>A CPAFFC delegation headed by its president Chen Haosu attended the meetings of the Executive Bureau and the Council of United Cities and Local Governments-Asia Pacific Regional Section (UCLG-ASPAC) and the Annual Regional Training Forum with the themes of "Investment Climate: Economic Development and Employment Growth; City Cleanliness: Environmental Sustainability" in Batam, Indonesia from April 14 to 17. About 200 local government representatives from Indonesia and other countries and regions in the Asia Pacific region participated in the meeting. Chen Haosu who is also president of UCLG-ASPAC made an opening speech at the Annual Training Forum, in which he called on UCLG-ASPAC members to join the efforts to make the Second UCLG World Congress that would be held in Jeju, ROK in October this year a grand gathering of solidarity of local governments the world over and to show the achievement of unity and cooperation of the Asia Pacific region. At the Annual Training Forum, Liu Yang, deputy director of the Foreign Affairs Office of the Beijing Municipal Government, spoke on the theme of "Investment Climate". He gave an account of the efforts made and results achieved by Beijing in creating a favourable investment environment. Members of the next UCLG World Council and World Executive Bureau were elected at the meeting. Beijing was elected member of the World Council and the Executive Bureau.

  12. Modeling phantom energy wormholes from Shan-Chen fluids

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Deng

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, cosmic observational data have reported that our present universe is undergoing an accelerated expansion, which has been termed as mysterious "dark energy" phenomena, that is, the origin of dark energy has not been determined yet. According to our previous work that a new equation of state \\cite{X.Shan and H.Chen1993} can be employed to explain the dark energy, and we are very interested in investigating the astrophysical scale properties of dark energy based on the new cosmological fluids given that the universe is filled with a dark energy fluid everywhere. Hence, in this paper, we study the exact solutions of spherically-symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen (SC) fluids by considering an obvious relation between the transversal pressure and energy density which is different from our previous work \\cite{111}. We have still investigated the important case $\\psi\\approx1$ which corresponds to the " saturation effect ", and this reg...

  13. Synchronization in lattices of coupled non-autonomous Chen system via Lyapunov function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN tao; ZHOU Sheng-fan

    2009-01-01

    This paper consider the synchronization of solutions for lattices of the coupled non-autonomous Chen system. By using the Lyapunov function, we show that when the second coupled operator is negative definite self-adjoint and its coefficient is suitable large, the Chen coupled lattice system is bounded dissipative (In particular, the solutions for lattices of the coupled autonomous Chen system converge to zero as t→∞). The synchronization between any two solutions of the coupled Chen system can be slaved only by coefficients in the x- or y-component for the suitably large second coupled coefficient. Finally,some numerical simulations are given.

  14. A new species of the genus Interphasma Chen & He, 2008 (Phasmida: Clitumninae: Medaurini) from Sichuan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, George Waichun; Shi, Fuming

    2013-11-07

    Chen and He erected the genus Interphasma in 2008 (Chen & He, 2008). Thirteen species are recognized in this Chinese endemic genus which is distributed in eastern to south-western China (Chen & He, 2008; Chen & Zhang, 2008; Xu et al., 2010). In this paper, a new species, I. lizipingense sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Sichuan, China. A key to the species of the genus is given. The types are deposited in the Museum of Hebei University (HBU) and Hong Kong Entomological Society (HKEM). Full measurements are given to all the types in millimeter (mm.).

  15. Restrikcijos endonukleazės BpuJI struktūriniai ir funkciniai tyrimai

    OpenAIRE

    Sukackaitė, Rasa

    2009-01-01

    II tipo restrikcijos endonukleazės atpažįsta specifines DNR sekas ir kerpa DNR šiose sekose arba šalia jų. BpuJI, atpažįstanti 5’-CCCGT seką, skiriasi nuo kitų fermentų tuo, kad jos kirpimo vieta yra labai variabili. Čia parodoma, kad BpuJI yra dimeras, sudarytas iš dviejų monomerų, kurie turi po du atskirus domenus. BpuJI N domenas atpažįsta taikinį kaip monomeras, o C-domenas pasižymi nukleaziniu aktyvumu ir dimerizuojasi. Apo-fermento nukleazinis aktyvumas yra nuslopintas. N-domenams atpaž...

  16. Structural and functional studies of the restriction endonuclease BpuJI

    OpenAIRE

    Sukackaitė, Rasa

    2009-01-01

    Type II restriction endonucleases recognize specific DNA sequences and cleave DNA at fixed positions within or close to this sequence. BpuJI recognizes the 5’-CCCGT sequence, but in contrast to other enzymes its cleavage site is very variable. This study shows that BpuJI is a dimer in solution and consists of two separate domains. The N-domain binds to the target sequence as a monomer, while the C-domain is responsible for nuclease activity and dimerization. The nuclease activity is repressed...

  17. Effects of Tai Ji Quan training on gait kinematics in older Chinese women with knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingguang Zhu

    2016-09-01

    Conclusion: Among older Chinese women with knee OA, a tailored Tai Ji Quan intervention improved gait outcomes. The intervention also improved overall function as indexed by the WOMAC and SPPB. These results support the use of Tai Ji Quan for older Chinese adults with knee OA to both improve their functional mobility and reduce pain symptomatology.

  18. Analysis on Chi-Chen Wang's Adaptation of Chapters in the English Translation of Hongloumeng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖珠

    2015-01-01

    Chi-Chen Wang tries hard to translate out the contents that are of interest to the western common readers. This paper is a study of Chi-chen Wang's adaptation of chapters in his two English abridged translations of Hongloumeng, hoping to be of practical use on the study of translation practice.

  19. Parameter identification and synchronization of an uncertain Chen chaotic system via adaptive control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈士华; 赵立民; 刘杰

    2002-01-01

    A systematic design process of adaptive synchronization and parameter identification of an uncertain Chen chaotic system is provided. With this new and effective method, parameter identification and synchronization of the Chen system, with all the system parameters unknown, can be achieved simultaneously. Theoretical proof and numerical simulation demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method.

  20. So much research, so little application: Barriers to dissemination and practical implementation of Tai Ji Quan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter A. Harmer

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Despite the large number of articles published in the medical literature advocating the use of Tai Ji Quan for a wide variety of health-related outcomes, there has been little systematic broad-scale implementation of these programs. It may be argued that the lack of funding from organizations capable of implementing and overseeing large-scale programs, such as governmental health agencies or national non-governmental organizations concerned with healthcare for older adults, is to blame. However, the evidence these organizations need to justify underwriting such programs is in short supply because of conflicting priorities and standards related to determining the efficacy and effectiveness of Tai Ji Quan. Establishing efficacy through acceptable designs such as randomized controlled trials involves strict protocols to ensure meaningful internal validity but different approaches are needed to demonstrate meaningful effectiveness (external validity outside the study setting. By examining the quality, quantity, and relative proportions of the randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and dissemination studies reported in the medical literature, this paper highlights the disparity in emphasis between efficacy and effectiveness research that has impeded the development of a cohesive literature on Tai Ji Quan and concludes that until more researchers develop a systematic, long-range commitment to investigating its health-related benefits, the research related to Tai Ji Quan will remain fractured and sporadic, limiting the incentive of large funding agencies to support its wide-spread use.

  1. The Social Attitude Empowerment of Biology Students: Implementation JiRQA Learning Strategy in Different Ethnics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustami, Yakobus; Corebima, Aloysius Duran; Suarsini, Endang; Ibrohim

    2017-01-01

    The empowerment of social attitudes in higher education is indispensable. The aim of this research was to uncover the effect of the empowerment efforts on the social attitudes of multiethnic biology students through the implementation of JiRQA learning strategy. This research was a quasi experimental of 2 x 3 factorial design implemented on the…

  2. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation to Local Government Climate Change Leadership Summit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>From June 1 to 10, a CPAFFC delegation led by its president Chen Haosu attended the Local Government Climate Change Leadership Summit and the UCLG World Council Meeting in Copenhagen, Demark. The Local

  3. Study on stability and reinforcement of a landslide on Ji'an-Dandong highway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei LU; Lei NIE

    2006-01-01

    This study clarified the failure mechanism of a landslide on Ji'an-Dandong highway, through the detailed analysis of its geological condition. Then based on the back analysis of the broken landslide, take limit equilibrium method to evaluate the stability of the potential landslide. The result shows that the landslide is lack of safety stock, so anchor rope is designed to reinforce the landslide.

  4. Sociology in Times of Crisis: Chen Da, National Salvation and the Indigenization of Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Candela

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Chen Da was one of the foremost sociologists of China from the 1920s to the 1940s. His intellectual habitus took shape from the long crisis that defined Chinese intellectual life from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries, a period of continuous imperial assault on Chinese sovereignty. As China integrated into the capitalist world-system, neo-Confucian structures of knowledge came into question. Intellectuals took up sociology to guide China’s transition from an empire to a nation-state. Through his studies on labor, migration, and population, Chen Da contributed to the institutionalization of sociology in China. Chen sought to craft a theory of Chinese development that followed universal trajectories of progress but was also attuned to the complexity of Chinese society on the ground. Through his efforts to indigenize sociology, Chen developed a non-Marxist historical materialism, a deterritorialized and pluralistic conceptualization of China as a nation, and a theory of eugenic transformation centered on the concept of “mode of living.” The questions which Chen Da confronted are emblematic of the predicament faced by Chinese social scientists today, who again struggle with the dynamics of a deterritorialzied “Greater China,” rising social fragmentation, and refigured eugenic discourses and policies that aim to craft the Chinese people into ideal national subjects fit for post-socialist development.

  5. Severe haze episodes and seriously polluted fog water in Ji'nan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xinfeng; Chen, Jianmin; Sun, Jianfeng; Li, Weijun; Yang, Lingxiao; Wen, Liang; Wang, Wenxing; Wang, Xinming; Collett, Jeffrey L; Shi, Yang; Zhang, Qingzhu; Hu, Jingtian; Yao, Lan; Zhu, Yanhong; Sui, Xiao; Sun, Xiaomin; Mellouki, Abdelwahid

    2014-09-15

    Haze episodes often hit urban cities in China recently. Here, we present several continuous haze episodes with extremely high PM2.5 levels that occurred over several weeks in early 2013 and extended across most parts of the northern and eastern China-far exceeding the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Particularly, the haze episode covered ~1 million km(2) on January 14, 2013 and the daily averaged PM2.5 concentration exceeded 360 μg m(-3) in Ji'nan. The observed maximum hourly PM2.5 concentration in urban Ji'nan reached 701 μg m(-3) at 7:00 am (local time) in January 30. During these haze episodes, several fog events happened and the concurrent fog water was found to be seriously polluted. For the fog water collected in Ji'nan from 10:00 pm in January 14 to 11:00 am in January 15, sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium were the major ions with concentrations of 1.54 × 10(6), 8.98 × 10(5), and 1.75 × 10(6) μeq L(-1), respectively, leading to a low in-situ pH of 3.30. The sulfate content in the fog sample was more than 544 times as high as those observed in other areas. With examination of the simultaneously observed data on PM2.5 and its chemical composition, the fog played a role in scavenging and removing fine particles from the atmosphere during haze episodes and thus was seriously contaminated. However, the effect was not sufficient to obviously cleanse air pollution and block haze episodes.

  6. 《李寄》的精神分析%Psychoanalysis on Li Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴其南; 吴翔之

    2015-01-01

    在中国儿童文学走向自觉的过程中,《李寄斩蛇》的故事是作为古代最具儿童文学特点的作品最早被发掘出来。《李寄》一直被读解为一个少年奇女子杀蛇自救并为民除害的故事,这是从现实主义的角度将“蛇”当作真实的蛇来理解的。从精神分析的角度,将“蛇”看作是男性或阳具的隐喻,《李寄》就是一个女孩杀死一个祸害女孩的豪强,或者女孩自己习惯婚姻生活、从性恐惧中走出来的故事,实际上是一个女孩的成人仪式。%Li Ji is almost the earliest story with features of children′s literature in ancient times on the way of Chinese children′s litera-ture to self-awareness.Li Ji has been interpreted as a story of a girl who killed a snake to rescue herself and other people.From the per-spective of realism,the "snake"is regarded as a real animal.But from the perspective of psychoanalysis,the "snake"is regarded as a metaphor of a male or penis.In this sense,Li Ji is a story of a girl who kills a powerful bully or a girl who breaks the chains of the mar-riage she is used to and the fear of sex.

  7. Evolution of Ji into a Prose Genre%论记体文文体观念的演进

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何李

    2011-01-01

    从六朝、唐代、宋明3个历史阶段的文学创作概况探讨记体文文体观念的演进,表明不同的社会阶段,文人对记体文的观念存在明显的差别:六朝时期,虽有记体文作品存世,却没有创作的自觉;唐代出现了记体文创作的自觉,但尚未建立相应的文体理论;有宋以降,人们在继续写作记体文的同时,还表现出理论认识的自觉。%This essay approaches the evolution of Ji,an important genres of the classic Chinese prose,from the literature development in the Six Dynasties,the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty,and finds out that views and attitudes of Ji varied with time.In the Six Dynasties,Ji works emerged as results of unintentional creation.In the Tang Dynasty,Ji works were produced as results of purposeful creation though without corresponding literary theories behind.Since the Song dynasty,Ji works were enriched with varied styles and its knowledge and theories were gradually taking shape.

  8. Frank Chen 《Many Chinese companies can't explain what their brands signify》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN LIXIN

    2006-01-01

    @@ Frank Chen's brilliant academic credentials belie his soul, searching experience as a grassroots worker. The holder of PhD in Psychology from Beijing Normal University started out as a shop assistant, when he was sent to suburban Shanghai in the I97os as part of the national drive to re-educate urbanites through hard labor. Looking back, Chen finds this a cherished episode in his life that afforded him ample time to read and think. "I managed to read all the books I could lay my hands on. As there were so few of them, I read them repeatedly, with great care. Many books read differently the second time you read them." The politically charged atmosphere of that time also tended to endow people of his generations with a compelling sense of social responsibility. "This is important for my later career development," says Chen.

  9. Analysis on Current Situations of Endangered P.intermedius S.Y.Chen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We carried out a general survey of current situations of P.intermedius S.Y.Chen.Results show that P.intermedius S.Y.Chen is distributed in Dongkeng Township,Jingnan Township and Yanxi Township.It covers an area of 262.51 hm2.The distribution areas are narrow and limited.What’s worse,it suffers from serious destruction and has been withered in large areas.Besides,according to current introduction test,it is difficult to survive in other places.In accordance with Exploring the Criteria for Endangered Categories of Bamboo Species from China put forward by Ma Naixun et al from the Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry(RISFCAF),we propose incorporating P.intermedius S.Y.Chen into vulnerable species for protection.

  10. The Analysis of“Chen Ou Style”:A Memetic Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jian-feng

    2015-01-01

    Chen Ou Style”is one of the most popular discourses and widely used by many people in communication. In this pa⁃per, it is analyzed from a memetics perspective that regards“Chen Ou Style”as a strong meme. The purpose is to find out the in⁃ternal generating mechanism for a meme to become successful, to reveal the evolution process of language, and to provide some useful guidelines and references for better language use. It is concluded that the replication and transmission of“Chen Ou Style”indicates the existence of language memes, and memetics provides a new perspective for the analysis of language imitation, trans⁃mission, change and development.

  11. Prof. CHEN Han-ping: A Thinker in Principles and Practice of Acupuncture-moxibustion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永清; 王宇; 尹磊淼

    2010-01-01

    The Thinker (Le Penseur) is known as the masterpiece of Auguste Rodin, a distinguished French sculptor, signifying the intellectual activity and creativity of human being. Having put forward a way of "viewing the Earth from the Moon" in developing preclinical and clinical studies of acupuncture, Prof. CHEN Han-ping brought about imaginations to acupuncture scholars with his ideas on the soul, principle, skills and orientations of acupuncture. He deserves the title of "the thinker in principles and practice of acupuncture"[1-3]. The academic ideas of Prof. CHEN Han-ping are now summarized as follows.

  12. Chaos control and reduced-order generalized synchronization for the Chen-Liao system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Rui-Hong; Xu Wei; Li Shuang

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with the problem of chaos control and synchronization of the Chen-Liao system. Prom rigorous mathematic justification, the chaotic trajectories of the Chen-Liao system are led to a type of points whose four-dimensional coordinates have a particular functional relation among them. Meanwhile, a new synchronization manner, reduced-order generalized synchronization (RGS), is proposed which has the characteristic of having a functional relation between the slave and the partial master systems. It is shown that this new synchronization phenomenon can be realized by a novel technique. Numerical simulations have verified the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

  13. Vehicle driving cycle performance of the spark-less di-ji hydrogen engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boretti, Alberto A. [School of Science and Engineering, University of Ballarat, PO Box663, Ballarat, VIC 3353 (Australia)

    2010-05-15

    The paper describes coupled CFD combustion simulations and CAE engine performance computations to describe the operation over the full range of load and speed of an always lean burn, Direct Injection Jet Ignition (DI-JI) hydrogen engine. Jet ignition pre-chambers and direct injection are enablers of high efficiencies and load control by quantity of fuel injected. Towards the end of the compression stroke, a small quantity of hydrogen is injected within the spark-less pre-chamber of the DI-JI engine, where it mixes with the air entering from the main chamber and auto-ignites because of the high temperature of the hot glow plug. Then, jets of partially combusted hot gases enter the main chamber igniting there in the bulk, over multiple ignition points, lean stratified mixtures of air and fuel. Engine maps of brake specific fuel consumption vs. speed and brake mean effective pressure are computed first. CAE vehicle simulations are finally performed evaluating the fuel consumption over emission cycles of a vehicle equipped with this engine. (author)

  14. JiTTree: A Just-in-Time Compiled Sparse GPU Volume Data Structure

    KAUST Repository

    Labschutz, Matthias

    2015-08-12

    Sparse volume data structures enable the efficient representation of large but sparse volumes in GPU memory for computation and visualization. However, the choice of a specific data structure for a given data set depends on several factors, such as the memory budget, the sparsity of the data, and data access patterns. In general, there is no single optimal sparse data structure, but a set of several candidates with individual strengths and drawbacks. One solution to this problem are hybrid data structures which locally adapt themselves to the sparsity. However, they typically suffer from increased traversal overhead which limits their utility in many applications. This paper presents JiTTree, a novel sparse hybrid volume data structure that uses just-in-time compilation to overcome these problems. By combining multiple sparse data structures and reducing traversal overhead we leverage their individual advantages. We demonstrate that hybrid data structures adapt well to a large range of data sets. They are especially superior to other sparse data structures for data sets that locally vary in sparsity. Possible optimization criteria are memory, performance and a combination thereof. Through just-in-time (JIT) compilation, JiTTree reduces the traversal overhead of the resulting optimal data structure. As a result, our hybrid volume data structure enables efficient computations on the GPU, while being superior in terms of memory usage when compared to non-hybrid data structures.

  15. Marketingový plán fitness centra Expreska Jiřího z Poděbrad

    OpenAIRE

    Štěchová, Kristýna

    2016-01-01

    Title: The marketing plan of fitness center Expreska Jiřího z Poděbrad. Objectives: The main aim of the dimploma thesis is to construct a marketing plan for fitness center Expreska Jiřího z Poděbrad for the year 2017. The proposed marketing strategy, including the implementation plan will be directed to achieve marketing and business goals of the organization. Methods: For analysis of the microenvironment is used Porter matrix. Analysis of macroenvironment is done with the help of PEST analys...

  16. The Study of Ji Tian in Shang and Zhou Dynasty%商周籍田研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张靖

    2015-01-01

    Ji means cultivating ,developing to the means of cultivating the land by people’s strength .Ji Tian is referring to“Ji Tian Qian Mu”narrowly ,and that generally refers to noble’s farmland .Big family organization ,king can communicate with God and people believe the king’s power and rights comes from the God ,which are two significant basic essentials of the exist of Ji Tian .Ji Tian is the important perform‐ance of The Assigned Labour System in agriculture .Ji Tian is a scientific measurement of count and con‐trol the population .King Xuan did not cultivate“Qian Mu” ,shows “Shi” are hard to maintain ,which is characterized by knowing the number of people without census count .Ji Tian was included in the“Shi” , and gradually intended to collapse .The economic reformations in the Spring -autumn times ,achieved that the assigned labour in Ji Tian was completely replaced by fixed material tax in land .%籍,本作耤,本义是耕作,后引申为借民力耕田。狭义上的籍田是殷周时期王侯举行籍礼的籍田,广义上的籍田是王侯贵族田庄,前者仅仅是后者中的最重要的一块。强大的家族组织、王能够“绝地天通”和民众相信“君权神授”是籍田存在的社会组织基础和社会信仰基础。籍田是指定服役制度在农业上的重要表现,也是清点人数和实现人口控制的重要举措。宣王料民于太原,表明以“不料民”为特征便可知民数的“事”难以维持了,籍田便包括在这些“事”之中。春秋战国时期的改革是实物地租彻底取代了籍田上固定劳役。

  17. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and His Party Visit Norway and Estonia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>ACPAFFC delegation led by its president Chen Haosu paid a goodwill visit to Norway and Estonia from April 15 to 24. The visit was made at the invitation of the Norway-China Association (NCA)and the Estonia-China Friendship Association (ECFA).

  18. TEST OF THE CHEN-ROLL-ROSS MACROECONOMIC FACTOR MODEL: EVIDENCE FROM CROATIAN STOCK MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Dolinar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper empirically examines the well-known Chen-Roll-Ross model on the Croatian stock market. Modifications of definitions of the Chen-Roll-Ross model variables showed as necessary because of doubtful availability and quality of input data needed. Namely, some macroeconomic and market variables are not available in the originally defined form or do not exist. In that sense this paper gives some alternative definitions for some model variables. Also, in order to improve statistical analysis, in this paper we have modified Fama-MacBeth technique in the way that second-pass regression was substituted with panel regression analysis. Based on the two-pass regression analysis of returns of 34 Croatian stocks on 4 macroeconomic variables during the seven-and-half-year observation period the following conclusion is made. In contrast to the results of Chen, Roll and Ross (1986 for the U.S. stock market, their model is not successful when describing a risk-return relation of Croatian stocks. Nevertheless, one observed version of the Chen-RollRoss model showed certain statistical significance. Namely, two risk factors in that version of the model were statistically significant: default premium, measured as risk premium for the corporate short-term bank loan financing, and term structure premium, measured on short-run basis.

  19. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Gives Lecture on Nongovernmental Diplomacy to US University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of China International Travel Service, on the afternoon of May 22, an American international exchange delegation visited the CPAFFC. The delegation, which consists of nearly 80 American students, is organized by the American Envision Program. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu met with the delegation and gave a lecture on China’s non-governmental diplomacy.

  20. 陈寿与《三国志》%Chen Shou and Annals of Three Kingdoms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭辉

    2011-01-01

    Annals of Three Kingdoms is one of the former four histories, its historical value is self- evident, but because of part of the contents, it received much criticize from some person who thought Chen Shou used indirect records to protect himself. Taking Chen Shou's historical knowledge and the current surroundings into consideration, we think Chen Shou documented historical facts fairy pertinently, and there is no confusion of historical events. This paper studies Chen Shou's historical knowledge in part of chapters of Annals of Three Kingdoms and presents it to experts for counsel.%作为前四史之一的《三国志》,其史学价值不言而喻,但由于部分篇章的内容,《三国志》受到众多非议,认为陈寿有曲笔回护之嫌。从陈寿的史识、史德出发以及当时所处环境斟酌,陈氏是比较中肯地记载了历史事实,并未有混淆历史事件,文章依据《三国志》部分章节对陈寿的史识、史德略加推敲,并求教于方家。

  1. In Memory of Professors Chen Yaozhen (Eugene Chan) and Mao Wenshu (Winifred Mao)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lezheng Wu

    2002-01-01

    @@ It has been 16 and 14 years respectively since Professor Chen Yaozhen (Eugene Chan) and Pro-fessor Mao Wenshu (Winifred Mao) passed away. We recollect the great and extraordinary lives ofthese two seniors, their outstanding achievements and contributions as well as the unforgettable andvaluable academic heritages left by them to the ophthalmology in China.

  2. His Excellency Professor Jiaer Chen President, National Natural Science Foundation, People's Republic of China

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    L. to r.: Dr Diether Blechschmidt, Adviser for Non Member States Relations, Dr Peter Jenni, Spokesman, ATLAS Experiment, Prof. Chen, Mr Jean-Luc Baldy, Head of the LHC Civil Engineering Group and Dr John Ellis, Adviser for Non Member States Relations.

  3. Prof. Chen Zhiming Invited to Lecture at 2006 International Congress of Mathematicians

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Prof. Chen Zhiming, a mathematician of the CAS Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science (AMSS), has been invited to make a 45-minute lecture on his work in the field of numerical analysis and scientific computing at the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) in Madrid,in August 2006.

  4. In search of low cost titanium: the fray farthing chen (FFC) cambridge process

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, SJ

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process, a novel method for the electrochemical deoxidation of metal oxides in molten salt, discovered at the University of Cambridge in 1997. The process was hailed as a highly promising...

  5. In search of low cost titanium: the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, SJ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge Process, a novel method for the electrochemical de-oxidation of metal oxides in molten salt, discovered at the University of Cambridge in 1997. The process was hailed as a highly promising...

  6. The Helmsman of the “Chemical Fiber Carrier” Interview with Chen Jianhua

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In a gathering,some so-called successful businessmen are talking happily.Among them is a famous chemical fiber manufacturer Chen Jianhua.Chen recalled his past in his memoir "My Endeavor"-"I was born in a remote town Shengze in 1971, suffering an impoverished life when I was very young.My family is hard to afford tuition fee when I was a pupil,…."But a hero is known in the time of misfortune,Chen owns a total asset of 13 billion Yuan at this moment with his unremitting efforts year by year,mastering a kingdom of chemical fiber-Hengli Group..As an old saying goes "Suffering is wealth",the early experience steeled Chen,endowing the wealth and fortitude to him. After skimming over Chen’s memoir,I continued a further face to face interview with him in order to understand his course of struggle more deeply.All the success have their own highlights in their characters,therefore,we cannot make an exception of Chen’s case.

  7. Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis with Modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang and Er Chen Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱颖; 刘晓东

    2004-01-01

    @@ Chronic bronchitis is a disease commonly seen in the clinic. The authors have treated 78 cases of the disease with modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang (麻杏石甘汤 Decoction of Ephedra, Armeniacae Amarum, Glycyrrhizae and Gypsum Fibrosum) plus Er Chen Tang (二陈汤 Two Old Drugs Decoction). The results were satisfactory and reported as follows.

  8. Development of C++course featured website based on JiTT-Blending Learning%JiTT-Blending Learning理念下的C++课程特色网站开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱侠

    2014-01-01

    The essence characteristics of Blending Learning is fully reflected by JiTT, combines the advantages of traditional learning and E-Learning. The C++ course featured website based on JiTT—Blending Learning has broken the limitation of time and space, mixed various teaching media, resource and situation,built the modle of the combination of classroom learning and E-Learning, and provided a convenient, efficient platform to teach and learn C++course through the network for teachers and students.%JiTT充分体现了Blending Learning的本质特点,把传统学习方式的优势和E-Learning (即网络化学习)的优势结合起来。JiTT—Blending Learning理念下的C++课程特色网站突破了时间和空间的限制,将多种教学媒体、资源、情境混合,建立了课堂学习和网络学习相结合的模式,给教师和学生提供了一个方便、高效的通过网络教与学C++课程的平台。

  9. ZHANG Ji-zhi (张继志)A Pioneer of Integrated Mental Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Professor ZHANG Ji-zhi, who was born in Weifang City, Shandong Province, was graduated from Shandong University, School of Medicine in 1952. He took further training in Traditional Chinese Medicine Class (on leave) and graduated in 1976. He had served successively as director for Department of Psychiatry, Vice-Superintendent and Chief Psychiatrist of Beijing Anding Hospital. At present, he is Professor of Psychiatry, Beijing Anding Hospital, affiliated to Capital Univeristy of Medical Sciences. He also plays the role of a member of standing committee of China Association for Mental Health and Chairman of Society of Psychosomatic Medicine, Vice-President of Beijing Association for Mental Health, and Honorary Director of Committee of Mental Illness, China Association for the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine. In addition, Prof. ZHANG is vice editor-in-chief for Chinese Mental Health Journal, standing editor for Chinese Journal of Psychiatry, and consultative editor for Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases.

  10. Anticancer Principles from Medicinal Piper (胡椒 Hú Jiāo Plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue-Hu Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The ethnomedical uses of Piper (胡椒 Hú Jiāo plants as anticancer agents, in vitro cytotoxic activity of both extracts and compounds from Piper plants, and in vivo antitumor activity and mechanism of action of selected compounds are reviewed in the present paper. The genus Piper (Piperaceae contains approximately 2000 species, of which 10 species have been used in traditional medicines to treat cancer or cancer-like symptoms. Studies have shown that 35 extracts from 24 Piper species and 32 compounds from Piper plants possess cytotoxic activity. Amide alkaloids account for 53% of the major active principles. Among them, piplartine (piperlongumine shows the most promise, being toxic to dozens of cancer cell lines and having excellent in vivo activity. It is worthwhile to conduct further anticancer studies both in vitro and in vivo on Piper plants and their active principles.

  11. 季布故事的变更与发展--兼论《捉季布传文》对《史记》中季布故事的拓展%Analysis of Change and Development of the Story of Ji Bu---The promotion Catchnig Ji Bu makes to the story of Ji Bu in Shih Chi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王阔

    2014-01-01

    The Dunhuang version of Catching Ji Bu gets its archetypal story from the story of Ji Bu in Shih Chi and Han Shu.As the times change and the society develops , the writing style and the audience perspective have changed as well , and the story of Ji Bu is constantly being enriched while it's spread from generation to generation . When evolved to be Dunhuang adapted literature in Tang Dynasty , the plot was improved and the characters were e-ven more life-like, the narrative style was no longer as simple and plain as the historical biography in Han Dynas-ty, and the overall change was quite obvious .The paper explores the promotion CatchingJi Bu makes to the story of Ji Bu in Shih Ch iand then probes into the creative angle of folk literature in Tang Dynasty .%敦煌本《捉季布传文》的故事原型来自《史记》、《汉书》中的季布故事,其情节更加完善,人物更加丰满,不仅一改汉代史传文学简略质朴的叙事风格,而且整体变化尤为明显。文章通过探讨《捉季布传文》对《史记》中季布故事的拓展,探究了唐代俗文学的创作视角。

  12. Textual research on Chen Ye and his Jia cang jing yan fang (Family-presreved Empirical Recipes) of the Song Dynasty%宋代陈哗及《家藏经验方》考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪丹; 张如青; 陈德兴

    2014-01-01

    Chen Ye,an official of the Southern Song Dynasty,also known as Chen Rihua as his styled name,was born in Changle,Fuzhou in the reign of Shaoxing,and died during the reign of Duanping.He had been consecutively in the positions of Jiang shi lang (Court Gentleman for Ceremonial Service),Zhi zhou (Prefect) of Lingding,the Ti xing (Judicial Commissioner) of Guangdong,the Zong ling (Overseer-general) of Sichuan,Shah ding (Reviser),Shu lin and other positions in Tongzhou,Yuanzhou.His works included 1 volume of Gu ling xian sheng nian pu (Mr.Guling's Chronological Biography),1 volume of Tan xie (On Humor),1 volume of Shi hua (Poetry),8 volumes of Jin yuan li shu (Jin Yuan's Smart Technique),3 volumes of Yi jian zhi lei bian (Classified Compilation of Yijian's Annals),(Zeng guang) Suo s ui lu (Augmented Records of Trivial Matters),5 volumes of Jia cang jing yah fang (Family-preserved Empirical Recipes).He also compiled the 8-volume Yinjiang zhi (Yinjiang's Annals),published the 2-volume Jia cang ji yao fang (Collected Essential Recipes from Family Preservation),and other proses and poetry.Jia cangjing yah fang was a formulary compiled by Chen Ye,which was lost.Altogether 74 of its recipes were cited in Fu ren da quan liang fang (Complete Effective Prescriptions for Women's Diseases),Shou qin yang lao shu (A Book for Pursuing Seniors' Longevity and Healthcare),Pu ji fang (Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and Yong le da dian (Yongle Encyclopedia).%南宋官员陈哗,字日华,福州长乐人,约生于宋绍兴年间,卒于端平年间,历任将仕郎、临汀知州、广东提刑、四川总领、删定、书林等职,亦曾于通州、沅州等地任职,著有《古灵先生年谱》1卷、《谈谐》1卷、《诗话》1卷、《金渊利术》8卷、《夷坚志类编》3卷、《(增广)琐碎录》、《家藏经验方》5卷,主持编撰《鄞江志》8卷,刊行方导《家藏集要方》2卷,另有诗词散文等.《家藏经验方》为陈晔所编撰的一部方

  13. 陈树藩的多面人生%On Chen ShushengS Multi -faceted Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    封晶; 封五昌

    2012-01-01

    陈树藩是陕西近代史上一位重要人物,也是一位颇具争议的人物。但纵观其一生,具有颇多传奇色彩和多面性,不可一概持否定态度。因此,通过史料爬梳,去伪存真,对陈树藩做出符合客观事实的评价,是符合历史唯物主义的。%ChenShufan is an important person and a controversial figure in the history of Shaanxi province. His life is a legend and multi -faceted, so cannot be commented negatively. Therefore, to make an objective comments on Chen Shufan, based on the historical materials, is in accordance with the spirit of the historical materialism.

  14. Self-Representation and Cultural Expectations: Yogi Chen and Religious Practices of Life-Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard K. Payne

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Explores the differences in self-representation as found in the autobiographical writings of Yogi Chen, Billy Graham, and the Dalai Lama. While the latter two are widely recognized in American popular religious culture, the former is virtually invisible outside the immigrant Chinese American community. This invisibility is consistent with fact that the religious praxes of immigrant communities remain largely under-studied. However, one additional factor appears to be the mismatch between the expectations of the dominant religious culture and the immigrant culture in terms of the ways in which religious leaders represent themselves. Both Billy Graham and the Dalai Lama present themselves in very humble terms, consistent with the expectations of the Pietist background to American popular religion. Yogi Chen on the contrary tends toward a self-aggrandizing style, which although consistent with the competitive nature of premodern Tibetan religious culture is not congruent with the expectations of American popular religion.

  15. Dr.CHEN Ying-yi's Experience in Treating Premature Ovarian Failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Hai-mo; FAN Xiao-yan; CHEN Ying-yi; WANG Xin-zhong

    2010-01-01

    @@ Dr.CHEN Ying-yi(陈颖异 1957-), female, chief physician, one of the forth-batch supervisors for the work of carrying on the academic experiences of the national veteran TCM experts.Dr.CHEN was once the student of the famous TCM professor HE Shao-shan, and has been engaged in TCM gynecology for more than 30 years, with more than30 essays published.She has taken charge of 5research subjects, of which 1 got the 3rd prize for the TCM scientific advance and creation of Zhejiang Province, 2 got the 3rd prize for Wenzhou municipal scientific advance, and 2 got the 2nd prize for Ruian municipal scientific advance.

  16. [Professor Chen Quan-xin's experiences on treatment of facial paralysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hao

    2011-05-01

    The clinical experiences of Professor Chen Quan-xin on treatment of facial paralysis are introduced. Based on the theory of Chinese medicine and instructed by differentiation of syndromes, Professor Chen attached great importance on analysis of etiology and pathology in modern medicine, and emphasized on treatment of facial paralysis according to different classifications and stages in combination of differentiation of syndromes and differentiation of diseases. His selection of point is refined and accurate. Conduct of qi through needling manipulations and reinforcing and reducing methods in various degrees are promoted by him as well. And it is held that obvious enhancement of the therapeutic effect can be achieved since other treatments are combined according to different types and stages of the disease.

  17. Professor Dr. Chen Anmin voted in as the new president of Chinese German Society of Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ On June 24th 2006, Chinese German Society of Medicine (Chinesisch-Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizin, CDGM) convened a representative assembly in Wuhan. Prof. Dr. Chen Anmin was elected as the new president of CDGM, who is also the director of Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science & Technology. In the mean time the Director Council and the Permanent Director's council were also selected. Mr.Dong Weiguo has been voted in as secretary-general.

  18. Application of Piecewise Successive Linearization Method for the Solutions of the Chen Chaotic System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Motsa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper centres on the application of the new piecewise successive linearization method (PSLM in solving the chaotic and nonchaotic Chen system. Numerical simulations are presented graphically and comparison is made between the PSLM and Runge-Kutta-based methods. The work shows that the proposed method provides good accuracy and can be easily extended to other dynamical systems including those that are chaotic in nature.

  19. SILENT BLOWS——THE FILM ART OF CHEN CHIEH-JEN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Melanie; MeGanney

    2007-01-01

    Images provided by the author unless otherwise stated■This summer the first major U.S.solo exhibition by leading Taiwanese artist Chen Chieh-jen took place at Manhattan's Asia Society.The exhibition 'Condensation' united five silent films that address a variety of social topics into a cohesive unit. The films reflect the mind of someone who came to artistic maturity during a rapidly changing political environment in Taiwan.

  20. 陈序经与泰族研究%Chen Xujing and Thai Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余定邦

    2005-01-01

    British and Thai scholars argue that the ethnic Thais originated from the southern part of China and Nanzhao was the country that they established. When Kublai Khan troops invaded and occupied Dali, the ethnic Thais migrated southwards in large numbers. Prof. Chen Xujing was one of the frrst Chinese scholars who challenged the British and Thai proposition and made scholarly contributions to the Thai studies.

  1. Tensioned Fabric Structures with Surface in the Form of Chen-Gackstatter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yee Hooi Min

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Form-finding has to be carried out for tensioned fabric structure in order to determine the initial equilibrium shape under prescribed support condition and prestress pattern. Tensioned fabric structures are normally designed to be in the form of equal tensioned surface. Tensioned fabric structure is highly suited to be used for realizing surfaces of complex or new forms. However, research study on a new form as a tensioned fabric structure has not attracted much attention. Another source of inspiration minimal surface which could be adopted as form for tensioned fabric structure is very crucial. The aim of this study is to propose initial equilibrium shape of tensioned fabric structures in the form of Chen-Gackstatter. Computational form-finding using nonlinear analysis method is used to determine the Chen-Gackstatter form of uniformly stressed surfaces. A tensioned fabric structure must curve equally in opposite directions to give the resulting surface a three dimensional stability. In an anticlastic doubly curved surface, the sum of all positive and all negative curvatures is zero. This study provides an alternative choice for structural designer to consider the Chen-Gackstatter applied in tensioned fabric structures. The results on factors affecting initial equilibrium shape can serve as a reference for proper selection of surface parameter for achieving a structurally viable surface.

  2. A Teaching Mode of Access Course Based on JiTT and Blending Learning Thoughts%基于JiTT与Blending Learning理念的Access课程教学模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯爽

    2010-01-01

    在Access数据库程序设计实际教学中引进JiTT和Blening Learning教学理念,充分调动学生学习主动性、提高综合应用能力是一种有效的教学模式,本文阐述这种教学模式,并给出相应的评价体系.

  3. Comparative study of microleakage about GC FU ji IX glass ionomer and silver glass ionomer%GC FU ji IX玻璃离子和银粉玻璃离子微渗漏的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军

    2012-01-01

    目的 比较GC FU ji IX玻璃离子和银粉玻璃离子充填材料的边缘封闭性.方法 染料法检测两种材料充填离体双尖牙10 d、20 d和30 d后的染料渗透情况,进行统计学分析.结果 10 d和20 d两组比较无统计学差异(P>0.05);30 d比较有统计学差异(P<0.05),GC FU ji IX玻璃离子的边缘封闭性好于银粉玻璃离子.结论 对于乳牙龋齿及不直接承受抗压部位的恒牙龋齿来说,GC FU ji IX玻璃离子是一种理想的充填材料,值得临床推广使用.

  4. Just-in-time tomography (JiTT): a new concept for image-guided radiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pang, G; Rowlands, J A [Toronto-Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto M4N 3M5 (Canada); Imaging Research, Sunnybrook and Women' s College Health Sciences Centre, Departments of Radiation Oncology and Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto (Canada)

    2005-11-07

    Soft-tissue target motion is one of the main concerns in high-precision radiation therapy. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has been developed recently to image soft-tissue targets in the treatment room and guide the radiation therapy treatment. However, due to its relatively long image acquisition time the CBCT approach cannot provide images of the target at the instant of the treatment and thus it is not adequate for imaging targets with intrafraction motion. In this note, a new approach for image-guided radiation therapy-just-in-time tomography (JiTT)-is proposed. Differing from CBCT, JiTT takes much less time to generate the needed tomographical, beam's-eye-view images of the treatment target at the right moment to guide the radiation therapy treatment. (note)

  5. 论纪弦的“身体诗”%On Ji Xian's "Body Poetry"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘纪新

    2012-01-01

    纪弦的诗歌风格多样,其中有一类“身体诗”贯穿其一生的创作,成就很高,但是前人却从未论及。纪弦的“身体诗”不仅敏锐地使用身体性感官,自得地展示身体,如同唯美主义者一样在感性中沉醉,而且通过身体直面虚无和孤独,追问生命与存在的真谛。在此基础上,诗中出现了一批别具一格的身体意象。%Ji Xian's poetry is characterized with different styles. "Body Poetry" is one of the important parts in Ji Xian's poetry, but no studies have been carried out so far. Ji Xian put the senses of touch, taste, smell into poet- ry writing, and proudly showed the human body. He even enjoyed the pleasures of body as an aesthetician. More importantly, he faced the emptiness and loneliness directly with body and made a detailed inquiry of the truth mean- ing of life and existence. This writing style generated a series of unique body images in his poems.

  6. Li Minxiu and Ji County Famine Relief Association%李敏修与汲县救荒公所

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小凤

    2013-01-01

    In 1920, a drought happened in the north of Henan,most of the people in Ji and other counties nearby fled from the famine,but the government didn't organize people to provide disaster relief. Li Min-xiu and other civilians launched Ji County Famine Relief Association immediately,and set up a relatively complete organization to manage the famine relief. Based on the famine research,the Ji County Famine Relief Association took pointed measures,set up Dig Well group and Cheer Civilians group,and gave different relief to the victims of vary rank.%1920年,豫北大旱,汲县及其周围数县逃荒的人很多,而当局没有人出面组织抗灾。李敏修等人当即发起成立汲县救荒公所,并设立了比较完备的组织机构以领导抗灾。汲县救荒公所在查振的基础上有针对性地救灾,设立“凿井”社和“振民”社等。这样,汲县不同层次的灾民施以不同程度的救济。

  7. The Measurement of Urbanization Level Based on Entity Space: A Case Study of JingJinJi Region, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen Fenghua

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of analyzing the pros and cons of different urbanization level measurement methods, this paper puts forward urbanization level measurement method based on entity space and then uses entity space data to describe the urbanization rate of various districts and counties of JingJinJi Region in 2005 and 2009. According to the analysis of time and space differences on such basis, JingJinJi may be divided from high to low order according to the urbanization rate of the entity space: central urban area, urban development area and suburb, which respectively bear different functions. According to the comparison of entity space urbanization rate and population urbanization rate in the aspects of sequence, primacy ratio, zipf index, etc., we find the non-intensive land use status quo of urban development area of JingJinJi and the feature that the distribution of entity space urbanization scale is much uniform than distribution of population urbanization scale. Accordingly, the paper puts forward the following suggestions : (1 The space construction should depend upon function division; (2 The urban development area should pay attention to the construction of the supporting facilities and meanwhile enhance land use rate; (3 The urban construction should be enhanced in small and middle regions and counties surrounding Beijing and Tianjin.

  8. Secure communications based on the synchronization of the hyperchaotic Chen and the unified chaotic systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smaoui, N.; Karouma, A.; Zribi, M.

    2011-08-01

    This paper deals with the adaptive synchronization of two identical hyperchaotic master and slave systems. The master system and the slave system each consists of two subsystems: a hyperchaotic Chen subsystem and a unified chaotic subsystem. The asymptotic convergence of the errors between the states of the master system and the states of the slave system is proven using Lyapunov theory. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the ability of the control law to synchronize the master and slave systems. Moreover, the proposed control scheme is applied to encrypt and decrypt discrete signals such as digital images where computer simulation results are provided to show that the proposed control law works well.

  9. Theoretical and Practical Progress of New Heliostat by Chen et al.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. Kribus

    2006-01-01

    Recently, Chen and his team were active in the theoretical and practical study of a new heliostat for the use of solar energy. This work represents the first innovation in the area of heliostats after many years of little progress.The mathematical development of the tracking and concentration optics principles, and the practical implementation and demonstration of the technology, are both very interesting advances in this field. Many applications are possible for this technology such as generation of solar electricity and solar industrial process heat.

  10. Theoretical and Practical Progress of New Heliostat by Chen et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kribus, A.

    2006-01-01

    Recently, Chen and his team were active in the theoretical and practical study of a new heliostat for the use of solar energy. This work represents the first innovation in the area of heliostats after many years of little progress. The mathematical development of the tracking and concentration optics principles, and the practical implementation and demonstration of the technology, are both very interesting advances in this field. Many applications are possible for this technology such as generation of solar electricity and solar industrial process heat.

  11. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Chinese Goodwill Delegation to Five Gulf Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>An 11-member Chinese Goodwill Delegation headed by CPAFFC President Chen Haosu visited Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and Saudi Arabia from November 25 to December 8, 2005 at the invitation of the Central Municipal Council of Qatar, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kuwait, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bahrain, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Oman and the Saudi Arabia-China Friendship Association. During the visit, the delegation had substantial meetings on cooperation with relevant organizations of the five countries. The visit has played a positive role in enhancing friendship between the

  12. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation To Russia,Latvia and Lithuania

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>A CPAFFC delegation headed by its president Chen Haosu paid a friendly visit to Russia,Latvia and Lithuania from May 31 to June 9 at the invitation of the Russian Centre for International Scientific and Cultural Cooperation,the United Latvian Friendship Society with Foreign Countries and the Lithuanian Parliament. In Russia,the delegation attended the 12th Symposium on China-Russia Regional Cooperation,one of the activities of the Year of China. Leaders of friendship organizations and relevant departments,representatives of local governments and small and medium-sized enterprises,totaling over 70 people,attended the symposium.

  13. Chen Jingrun, China's famous mathematician: devastated by brain injuries on the doorstep to solving a fundamental mathematical puzzle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Ting; Belykh, Evgenii; Dru, Alexander B; Yagmurlu, Kaan; Elhadi, Ali M; Nakaji, Peter; Preul, Mark C

    2016-07-01

    Chen Jingrun (1933-1996), perhaps the most prodigious mathematician of his time, focused on the field of analytical number theory. His work on Waring's problem, Legendre's conjecture, and Goldbach's conjecture led to progress in analytical number theory in the form of "Chen's Theorem," which he published in 1966 and 1973. His early life was ravaged by the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. On the verge of solving Goldbach's conjecture in 1984, Chen was struck by a bicyclist while also bicycling and suffered severe brain trauma. During his hospitalization, he was also found to have Parkinson's disease. Chen suffered another serious brain concussion after a fall only a few months after recovering from the bicycle crash. With significant deficits, he remained hospitalized for several years without making progress while receiving modern Western medical therapies. In 1988 traditional Chinese medicine experts were called in to assist with his treatment. After a year of acupuncture and oxygen therapy, Chen could control his basic bowel and bladder functions, he could walk slowly, and his swallowing and speech improved. When Chen was unable to produce complex work or finish his final work on Goldbach's conjecture, his mathematical pursuits were taken up vigorously by his dedicated students. He was able to publish Youth Math, a mathematics book that became an inspiration in Chinese education. Although he died in 1996 at the age of 63 after surviving brutal political repression, being deprived of neurological function at the very peak of his genius, and having to be supported by his wife, Chen ironically became a symbol of dedication, perseverance, and motivation to his students and associates, to Chinese youth, to a nation, and to mathematicians and scientists worldwide.

  14. Bacterial characterization in ambient submicron particles during severe haze episodes at Ji'nan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Caihong; Wei, Min; Chen, Jianmin; Wang, Xinfeng; Zhu, Chao; Li, Jiarong; Zheng, Lulu; Sui, Guodong; Li, Weijun; Wang, Wenxing; Zhang, Qingzhu; Mellouki, Abdelwahid

    2017-02-15

    In January 2014, severe haze episodes which sweep across Chinese cities have attracted public concern and interest at home and abroad. In addition to the physicochemical properties of air pollutants, bacteria are thought to be responsible for the spread of respiratory diseases and various allergies. We attempted the bacterial characterization of submicron particles (PM0.18-0.32, PM0.32-0.56, and PM0.56-1) under severe haze episodes using high-throughput sequencing and real-time quantitative PCR detecting system based on 21 samples collected from January to March 2014 at Ji'nan, China. The high bacterial concentration in PM0.32-0.56 (7314cells m(-3)), PM0.18-0.32 (7212cells m(-3)), and PM0.56-1 (6982cells m(-3)) showed significant negative correlations with SO2, NO2, and O3. Under sufficient sequencing depth, 37 phyla, 71 classes, 137 orders, 236 families, and 378 genera were classified, and the bacterial community structure varied significantly in different size fractions. For example, Holophagaceae (Acidobacteria) in PM0.32-0.56 showed 6-fold higher abundance than that in PM0.18-0.32. Moreover, functional categories and bacterial species (Lactococcus piscium, Pseudomonas fragi, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Pseudomonas cichorii) that may potentially be responsible for infections and allergies were also discovered. Source track analysis showed that the ambient bacteria mainly originated from soils, leaf surfaces, and feces. Our results highlighted the importance of airborne microbial communities by understanding the concentration, structure, ecological and health effects, especially those in submicron particles during haze episodes.

  15. Le jeu de la création : Le mangeur (2005 de Ying Chen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Dunham

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Le théoricien James Hans définit le jeu comme une déconstruction structurante, un processus de perpétuelle remise en question. Dans Le Mangeur (2005 de Ying Chen, la narratrice revit un épisode d’une de ses vies passées où elle meurt mangée, avalée, par son père, descendant dans le « tunnel » du ventre de ce dernier. Cependant, suite à cet événement, elle se retrouve dans un autre espace-temps où elle rencontre son mari, A.. Une équivalence s’établit dans le roman entre les éléments suivants : le ventre du père, les tableaux peints par ce dernier et l’espace-temps de A., et la fenêtre. Ces éléments deviennent des aires de jeu, remettant en question les concepts de l’intérieur et de l’extérieur et du créateur et de l’œuvre. En nous servant du texte « Le Tunnel » écrit par Ying Chen, nous démontrerons que cette notion du jeu s’applique également à l’ensemble de son œuvre.

  16. The function of three indigenous plasmids in Mesorhizobium huakuii 2020 and its symbiotic inter-action with Sym pJB5JI of Rhizobium leguminosarum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A Mesorhizobium huakuii strain 2020, isolated from a rice-growing field in southern China, contains three indigenous plasmids named p2020a, p2020b and p2020c, respectively. The plasmids were deleted via Tn5-sacB insertion, and two cured derivatives were obtained. Interestingly, the mutant 2020D29 curing of p2020c could significantly enhance the capacity of symbiotic nitrogen fixation. But the mutant 2020D8 curing of p2020b lost the ability to nodulate Astragalus sinicus. Furthermore, the third plasmid p2020a could be hardly eliminated, suggesting that some house-keeping genes necessary for strain growth located on this plasmid. Then the Sym plasmid pJB5JI of R. leguminosarum bv. viciae was transferred into 2020 and its cured derivatives. The pot plant test showed that the ability of competition and symbiotic nitrogen fixation of transconjugant 2020-137 (pJB5JI) was increased evidently in con-trast to 2020. pJB5JI could not restore the ability of 2020D8 to nodulate Astragalus sinicus. 2020D8-8 (pJB5JI) could form ineffective nodules on peas, which implied that the symbiotic plasmid pJB5JI could express its function at the chromosomal background of Mesorhizobium huakuii 2020. The plas-mid stability was checked in transconjugants under free-living and during symbiosis. The results indi-cated that pJB5JI failed to be detected in some nodule isolates. That Km resistance gene could be am-plified from all transconjugants and nodule isolates suggested that pJB5JI was fully or partially inte-grated into the chromosome of recipients.

  17. 基于朗文交互英语平台的高职英语JiTT教学模式改革%A JiTT-based Higher Vocational English Teaching Reform on Loangman English Interactive Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何心舒; 刘恩祥

    2016-01-01

    JiTT (Just-in-time teaching) is a teaching mode comprised of two processes:web-based study assignment and active learner classroom. The essence of this teaching mode is that classroom teaching should be based on the students’ feedback from pre-class preparation, and that post-class activities (wrap-up puzzles) should be based on the students’ feedback from classroom learning. Based on the procedures of JiTT, materials were prepared and uploaded to Longman English Interactive Platform. Students were required to study those materials and complete assignments online before class, with questions noted and brought to classroom. In-class activities mainly included discussions of those questions within groups and whole class lecturing of the main problems as posed in pre-class assignments and classroom activities. The reform is shown to be effective as evidenced by the improved passing rate of PRETCO (B) and improvements of students’ autonomy and collaborative skills.%JiTT教学模式由“基于网络的学习任务”和“学习者的主动学习课堂”两个部分组成,其本质是学生的课外准备和课堂活动构成的反馈循环,目标是利用学生反馈引导教学。借助朗文交互英语学习平台,通过让学生课前进行网络学习,课堂有针对性地开展小组讨论和讲授,解决了B级辅导与英语教学的整合问题,提高了通过率,并促进了学生的自主学习能力和小组协作技能的发展。

  18. Optimisation of operating cost of fossil-fired power plants through CDM and JI. Option for meeting the emission reduction targets; Optimierung der Betriebskosten fossilbefeuerter Kraftwerke mittels CDM und JI. Optionen zur kosteneffizienten Erreichung der Emissionsminderungsziele

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambertz, J. [RWE Power AG, Koeln (Germany); RWE Power AG, Essen (Germany); Fuebi, M. [RWE Power AG, Essen (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    The optimisation of the power plant park as well as the development of innovate, efficiency-increasing and thus CO{sub 2}-decreasing technologies will make an important contribution to the harmonisation between secure energy supply and the requirements of climate protection. Investments in climate protection projects within the scope of CDM and JI are an additional option to make-up for cost arising in connection with CO{sub 2} control and such projects will make climate protection economically efficient and sustainable. (orig.)

  19. 风雨飘摇中的历史叙述——重读陈翔鹤历史小说的批评%A Precarious Historical Narration: Criticism on Chen Xianghe's Historical Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国宇

    2009-01-01

    60年代中期,陈翔鹤的历史小说受到批判主要集中在四个方面:对陶渊明的评价,借古讽今,嵇康的叛逆精神,历史背景.他的历史小说因为坚持个性化的历史叙述,偏离了主流文学的要求而受到批判,这种政治化的批评给当时的文学创作带来了十分有害的影响.虽然他的个性化创作受到过批评,但在文学史上仍有着深远的意义和影响,不仅推动了当时历史小说创作的小高潮,而且其创作方法对后来的新历史小说创作都有很大的启发性.%During the 60s last century, Chen Xianghet's historical novels had been criticized because of four aspects: his evaluation on Tao Yuanming, his writing being an irony to the modern time, his praise of Ji Kang's re-bellious spirit, and the historical background in his novels. Such personal narration of historical novels had been criticized because it had been considered to be a departure from the mainstream of literary creation. But this kind of criticism out of political motivation had done great harm to literary creation at that time. The author thinks that his historical novels, though being once criticized in the past, his personal narration style is still of significance in its promotion of the creation of historical novels at that time and in its influence on the creation of historical novels at present.

  20. Research on Chen Jinghan’s Novels%陈景韩的小说研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛亭亭

    2015-01-01

    Chen Jinghan’s novels, whether the original or the translated ones, are published in the course of his career in newspapers. Different from many other novelists, most of Chen Jinghan’s novels were based on current affairs and for the purpose of salvaging the country, so many of his novels have a strong political taste. With avant-grade individual consciousness, Chen Jinghan absorbed the advanced Western culture actively in the process of his eloquently stating the socal evils, which also rendered him one of the ifrst Chinese to accept and disseminate the translated novels and detective novels. And his the chivalrous novels broke the stereotype of traditional “swordsman culture” to achieve the social transformation of the traditional chivalrous novels, and made them more down-to-earth, relfecting the reality, and exposing thereality.%陈景韩的小说,无论是翻译小说还是创作,都是在其报刊从业过程中发表的。与很多小说家不同,陈景韩的大部分小说都是以时事为基础,以救国救民为目的,因此他的许多小说带有很强的政治性。凭借着前卫的个人意识,陈景韩的作品在痛陈时弊、反抗侵略的过程中仍然积极吸收西方国家的先进文化,这也使他成为中国较早接受并传播翻译小说、侦探小说的知识分子。而他的侠义小说创作,突破了传统侠文化的窠臼,实现了传统侠义小说的社会化改造,更加贴近现实、反映现实、揭露现实。

  1. A tecnica de Tai Ji Quan como suporte para o desenvolvimento das habilidades psicofisicas do dançarino contemporaneo

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Cristina Coelho Brandão

    2005-01-01

    Resumo: A idéia central desta pesquisa consiste na aplicação de conceitos teóricos da dança moderna (norte-americana e alemã), abordados por seus pioneiros - Dalcroze, Delsarte, Isadora Duncan, Denishawn, Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, Rudolf Laban e Mary Wigman - conjugados aos princípios do Tai Ji Quan, mais especificamente no que tange aos seus encadeamentos, visando proporcionar instrumentos técnico-expressivos facilitadores para o dançarino contemporâneo em seu processo criativo e constr...

  2. Zhao JiBin emphasizes China Tietong should enlarge private network coverage and make great progress in network regionalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ President Zhao Jibin of China Titong goes to Jiangsu to do some surveys and after listening to the working report of Jiangsu Tietong, he inspects the network development in Nanjing, Suzhou, Changzhou and other cities. Zhao JiBin emphasizes China Tietong should be on the way of "enlarge private network coverage and make great progress in network regionalization", make every effort to lay a solid management foundation and improve management level so as to ensure the accurate orientation and implement of the whole development strategy. All members of China Tietong must hold a clear understanding about future development direction.

  3. 男权视角与夏姬之名%The Patriarchal Perspective and Xia Ji's Reputation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高方

    2014-01-01

    春秋美女夏姬因其特别的人生遭际在诸多文本中一直被冠以“淫妇”之名。但去除后世小说的附会,当我们从《诗经》《左传》这些可信的文本去寻找这一生命角色的存在与演绎时,就会发现夏姬的“被命名”缺少足够的事实基础,而是来源于男权根深蒂固的暴力视角。也就是说,夏姬在她与众多男性关系中的行为主动性丝毫不可见,但几乎所有关于夏姬的叙事都基于男权立场不肯承认她的被动与无奈。即使是同为女性的叔向之母对她的评价也是标准的男权代言,缺乏应有的同性之爱。%The beauty, Xia Ji in the Spring and Autumn Period has always been labeled as"Jazebel"in many texts for her particular life vicissitudes. But when removing the strained interpretation in the later novels and searching for the existence and deduction of the life role from the credible versions, The Book of Songs and Zuo Zhuan, we will find that Xia Ji's"passsive reputation"lacks sufficient factual basis, but is the result of the violence perspective of the deep-rooted patriarchal society. That is to say, Xia Ji's initiative in her sexual relationship with many men is not visible, but almost all the narratives on Xia Ji is based on patriarchy and refuse to admit her passivity and helplessness. Even Shuxiang's mother, a woman as well, also functions as a standard patriarchal mouthpiece and lacks due care from the same gender.

  4. Baudelaire’s Influence on Duo Duo’s Poetry through Chen Jingrong, a Chinese Woman Poet Translating from French

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giusi TAMBURELLO

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As a woman poet, Chen Jingrong’s productions encompassed the whole 20th century: of particular interest are her poetry translations from the French language. Thanks to her translation work, valuable understanding of Charles Baudelaire’s poetry was made available in China, which influenced the Chinese contemporary poet, Duo Duo, when he first started writing poetry during his youth. This paper tries to depict the importance of this contribution of Chen Jingrong and its effect on the process of renovation of the contemporary poetic scene in China.

  5. Searching for Warm Waters at the Mt. Cobb Sai Sho Zen-ji

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellerin, L.; Schnabel, G. R.; Schnabel, E.; Moscoso, K. M.; Brophy, P.

    2013-12-01

    The Mt. Cobb Sai Sho Zen-ji is a Zen Center located in Lake County, CA about 2 km east of the Geysers Geothermal plant. The well-known Geysers geothermal system is a deep, hot system spanning an area of approximately 78 square km that provides electricity for ~60% of the power demand for coastal California north of the Golden Gate Bridge. Not surprisingly this region also is rich in hot springs used for bathing and spas. This study was undertaken to locate shallow, warm waters to be used at the Zen Center. The 300-acre Zen Center is situated on the Franciscan Formation, complex and typically chaotic assemblage of metasedimentary and volcanic rocks that dominate the geology of the California Pacific Coast Ranges. The principal water source at the Center flows at 20-25 l/min, at a temperature of 21 degree C, and a pH of 7.7. This spring has a mineral profile that corresponds to exposures to temperatures of approximately 65 degree C. A seep excavated into a slope about 4.5 m below the level of an adjacent meadow, revealed an increase in water temperature to 24 degrees C. This moderate temperature increase is consistent with deep, warm water mixing with cooler surface waters. Another source of warm water was identified at a seasonally productive seep producing up to about 50 l/min in the winter months, but dry in the summer. A well drilled on the basis of a low-resistivity anomaly revealed by an electrical resistivity survey produced 21 degree C water at a rate of~90 l/min, but was only drilled to a depth of 45 m upon encountering basalt. A second well, located nearby (15 m distant) and drilled to 260 m, was dry. Due to the ambiguous nature of the initial exploration program a detailed audiomagnetotelluric survey was undertaken using the Geometrics Stratagem system to aid in finding a stable source of warm water. Two-dimensional inverse models derived from these AMT soundings delineated several local structures. These models, interpreted in conjunction with surficial

  6. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, D

    2015-01-01

    The firm observational confirmation of the late-time acceleration of the universe expansion has proposed a major challenge to the theoretical foundations of cosmology and the explanation of the acceleration mechanism requires the introduction of either a simply cosmological constant, or of a mysterious dark energy component (time dependent or modified gravities), filling the universe and dominating its current expansionary evolution. Universally given that the universe is permeated by a dark energy fluid, therefore, we should also investigate the astrophysical scale properties from the dark energy effects. In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically-symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen fluid description are obtained. We have considered the important case that the model parameter $\\psi\\approx1$ which corresponds to the `` saturation effect ", and this regime corresponds to an effective form of `...

  7. The model test of restoration project of the gravel beach of Chen Village fishing port

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, D. X.; Gui, J. S.; Sun, J. W.

    2016-08-01

    Gravel beach is a case in coastal landform by wave action. It is more and more crucial for the environment of coastal engineering in recent years. However, it is poorly studied for it in China. And this paper which is based on the model test of Restoration Project of the Gravel Beach of Chen Village Fishing Port, uses two dimensional normal physical models, aiming at exploring the movement of gravel beach under wave action and verifying the stability of the gravel beach section. The test depends on different water levels (designed high water level, designed low water level, and extreme high water level) and return periods (2, 5, 10, 25, 50 years once). Finally, two distinct experimental sections are got under the changed conditions and the movement law of gravels is obtained.

  8. Relativistic particles with rigidity generating non-standard examples of Willmore-Chen hypersurfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arroyo, Josu; Garay, Oscar J. [Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Bilbao (Spain)]. E-mails: mtparolj@lg.ehu.es; mtpgabeo@lg.ehu.es; Barros, Manuel [Departamento de Geometria y Topologia, Universidad de Granada, Granada (Spain)]. E-mail: mbarros@ugr.es

    2002-08-16

    We study a natural extension to higher dimensions of the Nambu-Goto-Polyakov action. In particular, those dynamical objects evolving with SO(3) symmetry in four dimensions. We show that this problem is strongly related to that of relativistic particles with rigidity of order three in a hyperbolic plane. The moduli space of solitonic solutions is completely determined in terms of the so-called rotation number. A quantization principle for closed solutions is also obtained and this gives a rational one-parameter family of Willmore-Chen hypersurfaces in the standard conformal structure of dimension four. Moreover, these are the first non-standard examples of this kind of hypersurfaces. (author)

  9. 陈染研究述评%Review:Studies on Chen Ran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高倩

    2011-01-01

    Chen Ran is regarded as the leader of "personal writing",who adheres to the marginal writing attitude and persists in expressing the female-specific survival experience as the way to human spiritual home.Her unique writing style and alternative artistic exploration is of great significance in literary history.Studies on this are numerous,but not yet reviewed in an orderly manner.This paper,therefore,attempts to systemize the academic dialogues on Chen Ran′s practice in literary field,to provide a brief account of the studies on her,by discussing some core issues on her writing such as individualized writing,lonely consciousness,and gender consciousness.%被称为"个人化写作"领军人物的陈染,坚持边缘性的写作姿态,执著于表达女性特有的生存体验,以此抵达人类的精神家园。其独特的写作风格和另类的艺术探索都具有重要的文学史意义,目前已有不少研究文章,但尚未得到及时的梳理。本文试图从个人化写作、孤独意识、性别意识等陈染写作核心问题归纳,以期展现学界关于陈染的文本实践的对话,勾勒出陈染研究的脉络。

  10. Implementing an evidence-based Tai Ji Quan program in a multicultural setting: A pilot dissemination project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Fink

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Falls in older adults are a significant public health issue and a particularly significant health risk in Minnesota. With accumulating research evidence suggesting that falls can be prevented through exercise, there is an increased public health effort among organizations serving older adults to translate and disseminate evidence-based programs into the community. Such efforts, however, face additional challenges if they are implemented in communities with older adults from different cultural backgrounds and languages. This paper briefly describes a pilot community-based dissemination project, including the initiation, implementation, process, and outcomes, of an evidence-based fall prevention (Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance formerly known as Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance through a local Area Agency on Aging in the Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area in Minnesota (USA. Overall, the program was successfully implemented resulting in adoption by local community organizations serving Asian and, to a lesser degree, East African non-English speaking older adults. Bilingual community instructors were trained to lead the classes resulting in broad participation and improved physical performance by the older adults targeted for the intervention. The results from this pilot study indicate that Tai Ji Quan: Moving for Better Balance can be implemented with positive results in non-English speaking community settings using bilingual leaders.

  11. [Land use change and its effects on ecosystem services value in Ji' nan City of Shandong Province, East China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jin-Yong; Kong, Fan-Hua; Yin, Hai-Wei; Yan, Wei-Jiao; Sun, Chang-Feng; Xu, Feng

    2013-05-01

    Based on the GIS software platform, referring to the China 'Terrestrial ecosystem services per unit area value', and by using transition matrix, Costanza evaluation formula, and sensitivity analysis, this paper studied the change characteristics of land use and ecosystem services value in Ji' nan City in 1989-2009. During the study period, the built-up area in the City increased by 99.65 km2, while agriculture land and green space reduced by 103.21 km2, 90.4% of which was taken by the built-up land. The total ecosystem services value decreased from 256.22 x 10(6) yento 214.16 x 10(6) yen, with a decrement of 42.06 x 10(6) yen, mainly due to the decrease in the areas of agriculture land and green space. For the sustainable development of the population, resources, and environment in Ji'nan City, future urban planning should pay more attention on the natural resources protection, reasonable planning of land use structure, and maintenance of ecosystem stability and balance.

  12. Urban growth and environmental impacts in Jing-Jin-Ji, the Yangtze, River Delta and the Pearl River Delta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Jan; Ban, Yifang

    2014-08-01

    This study investigates land cover changes, magnitude and speed of urbanization and evaluates possible impacts on the environment by the concepts of landscape metrics and ecosystem services in China's three largest and most important urban agglomerations: Jing-Jin-Ji, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. Based on the classifications of six Landsat TM and HJ-1A/B remotely sensed space-borne optical satellite image mosaics with a superior random forest decision tree ensemble classifier, a total increase in urban land of about 28,000 km2 could be detected alongside a simultaneous decrease in natural land cover classes and cropland. Two urbanization indices describing both speed and magnitude of urbanization were derived and ecosystem services were calculated with a valuation scheme adapted to the Chinese market based on the classification results from 1990 and 2010 for the predominant land cover classes affected by urbanization: forest, cropland, wetlands, water and aquaculture. The speed and relative urban growth in Jing-Jin-Ji was highest, followed by the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, resulting in a continuously fragmented landscape and substantial decreases in ecosystem service values of approximately 18.5 billion CNY with coastal wetlands and agriculture being the largest contributors. The results indicate both similarities and differences in urban-regional development trends implicating adverse effects on the natural and rural landscape, not only in the rural-urban fringe, but also in the cities' important hinterlands as a result of rapid urbanization in China.

  13. On Ji Kang’s Spirit of the Prominent Dragon%论嵇康的亢龙精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘世明

    2015-01-01

    嵇康是魏晋时期的风流人物,历来学者都认为其因得罪钟会而被司马昭杀害。然而,人们却忽视了嵇康自身的一种不合时宜的死亡因素,即他的亢龙精神。由于是非太明,而陷入“坚白之昧”的迷惑中。遵从庄周之道,便拥有“独有至贵”的品质。而他刚烈的性格,最终导致其临别悔恨、雅志难施。这些,都是嵇康亢龙精神的外在表现。%Ji kang was the romantic character in Wei-Jin period. The scholars think that he was killed by Sima Zhao for offending Zhong Hui. They ignored his own untimely factor (Ji Kang’s spirit of the prominent dragon). He liked to argue with people, so he had a strong understanding of right and wrong. He adored Zhuang Zi and possessed a strong moral character. Finally, he got the regret with his virile characte. These were the external performance of the spirit of prominent dragon.

  14. Heat shock protein 27 is a potential indicator for response to YangZheng XiaoJi and chemotherapy agents in cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Sioned; Zhao, Huishan; Dart, Alwyn; Wang, Yamei; Ruge, Fiona; Gao, Yong; Wei, Cong; Wu, Yiling; Jiang, Wen G

    2016-11-01

    Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is a member of the heat shock protein family which has been linked to tumour progression and, most interestingly, to chemotherapy resistance in cancer patients. The present study examined the potential interplay between HSP27 and YangZheng XiaoJi, a traditional Chinese medicine used in cancer treatment. A range of cell lines from different tumour types including pancreatic, lung, gastric, colorectal, breast, prostate and ovarian cancer (both wild-type and resistant) were used. Levels and activation of HSP27 and its potential associated signalling pathways were evaluated by protein array and western blotting. Knockdown of HSP27 in cancer cells was achieved using siRNA. Localisation and co-localisation of HSP27 and other proteins were carried out by immunofluorescence. Cell growth and migration were evaluated in their response to a range of chemotherapeutic agents. The present study first identified, by way of protein array, that YangZheng XiaoJi was able to inhibit the phosphorylation of HSP27 protein in cancer cells. We further demonstrated that HSP27, which is co-localised with caspase-9, can be blocked from localising in focal adhesions and co-localising with caspase-9 by YangZheng XiaoJi. The study also demonstrated that YangZheng XiaoJi was able to sensitise cancer cells including those cells that were resistant to chemotherapy, to chemotherapeutic agents. Finally, knocking down HSP27 markedly reduced the migration of cancer cells and increased the sensitivity of cancer cells to the inhibitory effect on cellular migration by YangZheng XiaoJi. YangZheng XiaoJi can act as an agent in first sensitising cancer cells to chemotherapy and secondly to overcome, to some degree, chemoresistance when used in an appropriate fashion in patients who have active HSP27.

  15. Interprovincial transfer of embodied energy between the Jing-Jin-Ji area and other provinces in China: A quantification using interprovincial input-output model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiming; Wu, Sanmang; Lei, Yalin; Li, Shantong

    2017-04-15

    Commodity trade between regions implies a large amount of energy transfer. As an important economic growth pole of China, the Jing-Jin-Ji area (Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei) is also one of the areas with the largest energy consumption in China. Moreover, the primary energy consumer goods in this area are fossil fuels, such as coal. This has led to serious air pollution in the area. Therefore, the reduction of energy consumption under the premise of maintaining sustained economic growth is an important task of the Jing-Jin-Ji area. In this study, an interprovincial input-output model was applied to quantitatively estimate the embodied energy transfer between Jing-Jin-Ji area and other provinces in China. The results indicated that the Metal and nonmetal mineral processing industry and the Electrical, gas and water industry in the Jing-Jin-Ji area exported a large amount of embodied energy to the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. However, the embodied energy export of the Jing-Jin-Ji area mainly exported by Hebei province. Beijing and Tianjin even have some net import of embodied energy. The embodied energy transfer between Tianjin, Hebei and other provinces was mainly driven by investment, while the main media of embodied energy transfer between Beijing and other provinces was consumption. Therefore, we suggest that the Jing-Jin-Ji area should further increase the degree of dependence on other provinces' energy-intensive products and reduce the export of energy-intensive products. In addition, there should be difference in the energy and industrial policies among Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the problems of high energy consumption and high proportion of heavy industry in Hebei should be first resolved.

  16. Heat shock protein 27 is a potential indicator for response to YangZheng XiaoJi and chemotherapy agents in cancer cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Sioned; Zhao, Huishan; Dart, Alwyn; Wang, Yamei; Ruge, Fiona; Gao, Yong; Wei, Cong; Wu, Yiling; Jiang, Wen G.

    2016-01-01

    Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is a member of the heat shock protein family which has been linked to tumour progression and, most interestingly, to chemotherapy resistance in cancer patients. The present study examined the potential interplay between HSP27 and YangZheng XiaoJi, a traditional Chinese medicine used in cancer treatment. A range of cell lines from different tumour types including pancreatic, lung, gastric, colorectal, breast, prostate and ovarian cancer (both wild-type and resistant) were used. Levels and activation of HSP27 and its potential associated signalling pathways were evaluated by protein array and western blotting. Knockdown of HSP27 in cancer cells was achieved using siRNA. Localisation and co-localisation of HSP27 and other proteins were carried out by immunofluorescence. Cell growth and migration were evaluated in their response to a range of chemotherapeutic agents. The present study first identified, by way of protein array, that YangZheng XiaoJi was able to inhibit the phosphorylation of HSP27 protein in cancer cells. We further demonstrated that HSP27, which is co-localised with caspase-9, can be blocked from localising in focal adhesions and co-localising with caspase-9 by YangZheng XiaoJi. The study also demonstrated that YangZheng XiaoJi was able to sensitise cancer cells including those cells that were resistant to chemotherapy, to chemotherapeutic agents. Finally, knocking down HSP27 markedly reduced the migration of cancer cells and increased the sensitivity of cancer cells to the inhibitory effect on cellular migration by YangZheng XiaoJi. YangZheng XiaoJi can act as an agent in first sensitising cancer cells to chemotherapy and secondly to overcome, to some degree, chemoresistance when used in an appropriate fashion in patients who have active HSP27. PMID:27600495

  17. Towards Transformation of Knowledge and Subjectivity in Curriculum Inquiry: Insights from Chen Kuan-Hsing's "Asia as Method"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Angel M. Y.

    2012-01-01

    Chen's book, "Asia as Method" (Duke University Press, 2010), and his theorization on topics of de-imperialization, de-colonization, de-cold war, as well as on foregrounding epistemologies and frames of reference situated in the diverse contexts in Asia have contributed to empowering scholars and researchers situated not only in Taiwan,…

  18. The Main Diseases and Control Measures of Panax notoginseng(Burk) F. H. Chen in Wuzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen; Yinghui; Liu; Zhuowu; Qiu; Weihua; Tan; Xinxing; Li; Jinfeng

    2014-01-01

    The main symptoms of root rot,anthracnose,blight and damping-off of Panax notoginseng( Burk) F. H. Chen are introduced in the paper,and the corresponding control measures are elaborated from the aspects of agricultural management measures,seed disinfection,seedbed treatment and chemical control.

  19. 吉县方言人称代词的语法特征%On the Grammatical Features of Personal Pronouns in Ji County Dialect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁

    2013-01-01

      通过对吉县方言的人称代词使用情况的调查,探究其表义特征、语法特点和语法功能。吉县方言人称代词存在原称和变称,部分单数人称代词可用为复数。%Through the investigation of personal pronouns in Ji County dialect,this article explored the semantic features, grammatical features and grammatical functions.There are the original and changed personal pronouns in Ji County dialect, and some singular personal pronouns are available in plural.

  20. 沉湖湿地生物多样性研究%Investigation and Research on Biodiversity of Chen Lake Wetland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋鄂平

    2009-01-01

    Plant diversity, animal diversity and ecosystem diversity in the wetland were studied with field investigation and statistical analysis, and then biodiversity of Chen Lake wetland was also valued. The results showed that the reasonable utilization and protection for biodiversity of Chen Lake wetland gave important contribution to improving the regional environment and sustainable development of Wuhan, and even the middle-lower Yangtze area.

  1. The impact of systematic landscape conservation planning on ecosystem: Chen Youlan river watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chi-ju

    2017-04-01

    Heraclitus said that "no man ever steps in the same river twice." Everything continues to change. Land use change will keep redefine itself and subject the Earth and humankind to collateral changes. Humankind benefits from ecosystem in many ways. The ecosystem provides people with nutrients, enriches soil with sediment, and sustains all living organisms with water; these benefits are known as ecosystem services. In Taiwan, land use change has impacted ecosystem and biodiversity on various levels. Thus, we took six land use scenarios from 1999 to 2005 in Chen Youlan river watershed as our case study, intending to observe the course of ecosystem and biodiversity changes and the cause of it. Systematic Landscape conservation planning (SLCP) framework can be adopted when designing land use policy to safeguard human interests and ecosystem. This study use SLCP to develop ecosystem services and biodiversity protection strategies. Several strategies were designed by using 1999 to 2005 data as provision to protect the intactness of future ecosystem services and biodiversity. This research explores the potential and possible impacts of different land use protection strategies in the future. It is possible to identify the conservation priority of a certain region by using the Zonation meta-algorithm. This study selects the zonation critical protection area (Joint set of Yushan National Park) as strategy A, B and C. Strategy D takes Yushan National Park as a protected area; unstable hot spots in 1999/03 (Joint set of Yushan National Park) are selected as strategy E. Next, we used Kappa statistical method to find the minimal ecosystem services change and biodiversity hotspots change of the five aforementioned strategies and compared with those from 1999/03. By the Kappa statistical method, we further prioritized the important conservation areas by strategy A, B, C, E in the future. The results can not only serve as management reference for government agencies, but also develop

  2. 纪晓岚对新疆经济建设的观照--纪晓岚的新疆情结之一%Ji Xiaolans Observation and Reflection on Economic Construction of Sinkiang:One of Ji Xiaolans Complexes on Sinkiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树胜

    2015-01-01

    纪晓岚与新疆有不解之缘。他以客观生动的笔墨记述了新疆内属的历史,展示了清统一以来社会经济发展的丰硕成果,歌颂了民族团结与祖国的统一。%Ji Xiaolan has many close ties with Sinkiang in his lifetime.He objectively and vividly describes the history of Sinkiang how to attribution to Qing Dynasty.From his works he has not only revealed the fruitful results of economic development from the unity of the early Qing Dynasty,but also eulogized the unity of nations,and the unity of the state.

  3. Chen's lattice inversion embedded-atom method for Ni-Al alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Chuan-Hui; Huang Shuo; Shen Jiang; Chen Nan-Xian

    2012-01-01

    The structural properties,the enthalpies of formation,and the mechanical properties of some Ni-Al intermetallic compounds (NiAl,Ni3Al,NiAl3,Ni5Al3,NiaAl4) are studied by using Chen's lattice inversion embedded-atom method (CLI-EAM).Our calculated lattice parameters and cohesive energies of Ni-Al compounds are consistent with the experimental and the other EAM results.The results of enthalpy of formation indicate a strong chemical interaction between Ni and Al in the intermetallic compounds.Through analyzing the alloy elastic constants,we find that all the Ni-Al intermetallic compounds discussed are mechanically stable.The bulk moduli of the compounds increase with the increasing Ni concentration.Our results also suggest that NiAl,Ni3Al.NiAl3,and Ni5Al3 are ductile materials with lower ratios of shear modulus to bulk modulus;while Ni3Al4 is brittle with a higher ratio.

  4. Psychometric properties of the Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) in Chinese adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mak, Kwok-Kei; Lai, Ching-Man; Ko, Chih-Hung; Chou, Chien; Kim, Dong-Il; Watanabe, Hiroko; Ho, Roger C M

    2014-10-01

    The Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) was developed to assess Internet addiction in Chinese populations, but its psychometric properties in adolescents have not been examined. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of CIAS-R in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. 860 Grade 7 to 13 students (38 % boys) completed the CIAS-R, the Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) in a survey. The prevalence of Internet addiction as assessed by CIAS-R was 18 %. High internal consistency and inter-item correlations were reported for the CIAS-R. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis suggested a four-factor structure of Compulsive Use and Withdrawal, Tolerance, Interpersonal and Health-related Problems, and Time Management Problems. Moreover, results of hierarchical multiple regression supported the incremental validity of the CIAS-R to predict mental health outcomes beyond the effects of demographic differences and self-reported time spent online. The CIAS is a reliable and valid measure of internet addiction problems in Hong Kong adolescents. Future study is warranted to validate the cutoffs of the CIAS-R for identification of adolescents with Internet use problems who may have mental health needs.

  5. La palabra y el aire: Conjuros del alba de Jorge Chen-Sham

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Sanabria

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el segundo poemario de Jorge Chen-Sham, Conjuros del alba, a la luz de la vinculación directa con el libro anterior, Nocturnos de mar inacabada. Destaca los elementos que guían la lectura de un trabajo muy estructurado porque la organización en ejes temáticos permite brindar una clave de lectura. En este caso la articulación está dada por la invocación de la palabra en su acepción divina como creadora de realidad bajo la forma de conjuros –y en sintonía estructural y lingüística con el discurso bíblico arcaizante, pero sin ceñirse por completo en virtud del carácter pagano de estos–. Pero los alcances de la palabra no se limitan a esta dimensión, puesto que el hablante lírico hace ver también su injerencia como mediador del deseo. Y si el poeta por principio lo que busca es la elevación de su espíritu, se mueve necesariamente en el ámbito del aire –que es el mismo elemento al que pertenece el alba–, donde las cosmogonías ubican el origen del mundo.

  6. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Deng [Nankai University, Theoretical Physics Division, Chern Institute of Mathematics, Tianjin (China); Meng, Xin-He [Nankai University, Department of Physics, Tianjin (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, CAS, State key Lab of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China)

    2016-03-15

    In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen background fluid are obtained. We have considered the important case of the model parameter ψ ∼ 1, which corresponds to the ''saturation effect'', and this regime corresponds to an effective form of ''asymptotic freedom'' for the fluids, but occurring at cosmological rather than subnuclear scales. Then we investigate the allowed range for the values of the model parameters g and ω when the spacetime metrics describe wormholes and discuss the possible singularities of the solutions, finding that the obtained spacetimes are geodesically complete. Furthermore, we construct two traversable wormholes through matching our obtained interior solutions to the exterior Schwarzschild solutions and analyze the traversabilities of the wormholes. Finally, we consider the case of anisotropic pressure and discover that the transverse pressure also crosses the phantom divide -1 with the growth of the wormhole dimension, and it tends to be the same as the radial pressure with the growth of the wormhole radius. (orig.)

  7. CO2 capture and sequestration source-sink match optimization in Jing-Jin-Ji region of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong ZHENG; Dan GAO; Linwei MA; Zheng LI; Weidou NI

    2009-01-01

    Carbon dioxide capture and sequestration (CCS) is considered to be an important option for climate change mitigation. A key problem for the implementation of CCS technology is the source-sink match design and optimization when considering both economic and envir-onmental requirement. This paper presents a generic-optimization-based model for the strategic planning and design of future CCS source-sink matching. The features and capabilities of the model are illustrated through a detailed case study for the Jing-Jin-Ji (Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Province) region in China. It shows how the model helps make a compromise in arriving at a strategic decision for CCS source-sink matching by providing the tradeoff frontiers between economic and environmental perfor-mance, and the features of match solutions with the best economic performance or with the best environmental performance.

  8. Effects of Tai Ji Quan training on gait kinematics in older Chinese women with knee osteoarthritis:A randomized controlled trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qingguang Zhu; Lingyan Huang; Xie Wu; Lin Wang; Yunya Zhang; Min Fang; Yu Liu; Jing Xian Li

    2016-01-01

    Background: Although Tai Ji Quan has been shown to relieve pain and improve functional mobility in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), little is known about its potential benefits on gait characteristics among older Chinese women who have a high prevalence of both radiographic and symptomatic knee OA. This study aims to assess the efficacy of a tailored Tai Ji Quan intervention on gait kinematics for older Chinese women with knee OA. Methods: A randomized controlled trial involving 46 older women in Shanghai, China, with clinically diagnosed knee OA. Randomized (1:1) participants received either a 60 min Tai Ji Quan session (n=23) 3 times weekly or a 60 min bi-weekly educational session (n=23) for 24 weeks. Primary outcomes were changes in gait kinematic measures from baseline to 24 weeks. Secondary outcomes included changes in scores on the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Results: After 24 weeks the Tai Ji Quan group demonstrated better performance in gait velocity (mean difference, 8.40 cm/s, p=0.01), step length (mean difference, 3.52 cm, p=0.004), initial contact angle (mean difference, 2.19°, p=0.01), and maximal angle (mean difference, 2.61°, p=0.003) of flexed knees during stance phase compared to the control group. In addition, the Tai Ji Quan group showed significant improvement in WOMAC scores (p<0.01) (mean difference,−4.22 points in pain, p=0.002;−2.41 points in stiffness, p<0.001;−11.04 points in physical function, p=0.006) and SPPB scores (mean difference, 1.22 points, p<0.001). Conclusion: Among older Chinese women with knee OA, a tailored Tai Ji Quan intervention improved gait outcomes. The intervention also improved overall function as indexed by the WOMAC and SPPB. These results support the use of Tai Ji Quan for older Chinese adults with knee OA to both improve their functional mobility and reduce pain symptomatology.

  9. The conservation treatment of a contemporary collaged sculpture by Jiří Kolář (1914-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Crann

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Une sculpture représentant une pomme réalisée par collage de l’artiste tchèque Jiří Kolář et datant de 1972, a été soumise à un traitement de conservation-restauration. La sculpture présentait des dommages structurels causés par des facteurs externes ainsi que des surfaces encrassées. Les interrogations déontologiques soulevées lors de la restauration d’une œuvre d’art contemporain ont représenté un aspect important de l’étude. Par conséquent, la majeure partie des recherches a été dévolue à  la compréhension du matériau et de la structure, celle des intentions de l’artiste,tout comme du concept et de la signification de l’œuvre. Ce travail a été étayé par une recherche scientifique ayant pour but d’évaluer l’efficacité du Triammonium citrate comme agent de nettoyage à base aqueuse, ainsi que par une analyse de la construction en trois dimensions de l’œuvre d’art.A collaged sculpture of an apple by the Czech artist Jiří Kolář, dated 1972 was presented for conservation. The sculpture suffered from structural damage caused by external factors and ingrained surface dirt. The ethical implications raised in conserving a contemporary artwork were an important aspect and subsequently an understanding of the materials and structure, the artist’s intentions, concept and meaning of the artwork formed a large part of the research. Combined with this was scientific research into the effectiveness of Tri-ammonium Citrate as an aqueous surface cleaning agent and analysing construction of 3-Dimensional artworks.

  10. Chaos Generated from the Fractional-Order Complex Chen System and its Application to Digital Secure Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Chao; Wang, Xingyuan

    2013-04-01

    In this paper, a novel dynamic system, the fractional-order complex Chen system, is presented for the first time. Dynamic behaviors of system are studied analytically and numerically. Different routes to chaos are shown, and diverse kinds of motions are identified and exhibited by means of bifurcation diagram, portrait phase and the largest Lyapunov exponent. Secondly, an application to digital secure communication based on the novel system is proposed, in which security is enhanced by continually switching different orders of derivative in an irregular pattern. Furthermore, making full use of the advantage of high-capacity transmission of complex system, the improved digital secure communication scheme is achieved based on hybrid synchronization in coupled fractional-order complex Chen system, that means anti-synchronization in real part of state variables and projective synchronization in imaginary part, respectively. The corresponding numerical simulations demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed schemes.

  11. Discussion of Translation of Chen Zhongshi's Prose%陈忠实散文翻译漫谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷华

    2011-01-01

    Chen Zhongshi, who is China's famous contemporary writer, writes many prose besides the well-known book. The author was given a chance to participate in the project of "translation of Chen Zhongshi's prose works and the research", namely two prose translation. In this paper, the author tries to talk about own opinions with colleagues from cultural perspective and faithfully expressing.%陈忠实是我国当代著名作家,除了其成名作之外,还写了许多散文.笔者有幸参与了“陈忠实散文作品翻译及其研究”项目,翻译散文两篇.本文试图从文化角度和忠实表达谈谈自己的看法,和同行商榷.

  12. 陈治平治疗乳腺癌经验%CHEN Zhiping's Experience in Treatment of Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭为; 付婷婷; 王昌俊

    2013-01-01

    陈治平为广东省首批名老中医,擅治白癜风、荨麻疹、银屑病、泌尿系结石、慢性肾炎、脉管炎、癌证等病证.文章从病因病机、治则、用药特色、典型病案等方面总结了陈治平老中医在乳腺癌治疗上的临床经验.%CHEN Zhiping was one of the famous TCM doctors in Guangdong province.He was expert in the treatment of vitiligo,urticaria,psoriasis,urolithiasis,chronic nephritis,angiitis,and cancer.This article summarized the clinical experience on treatment of breast cancer of CHEN Zhiping from etiology and pathogenesis,therapeutical principle,medication characteristics and typical case.

  13. Devotion to China’s Education in the 21st Century——Chen Zhili, Minister of Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    AMONG 29 newly appointedcross-century Ministers of theState Council in 1998, ChenZhili, is one of only two women. Herappointment has caused a mild sensationamong the mass media at home and abroad,not only due to her female status but alsothe important role education plays inChina’s basic policy of "revitalizing thecountry through science and technology."As Minister of Education in a country witha population of 1.2 billion, Chen Zhili notonly has profound scientific and culturalknowledge, but the necessary, rich workingand life experiences as a leader. She isindeed qualified to be in charge of China’seducation in the 21 st century, according tosome media.

  14. Investigating the Reliability and Validity of Chen and Starosta’s Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) against Chinese Cultural Background

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涵; Salasiah Che Lah

    2013-01-01

    Intercultural Communication Competence (ICC), as one of the research ifelds of intercultural communication, has been given much importance from scholars all around the world. Intercultural sensitivity is one of the three dimensions in Dr Chen’s ICC model. This research investigates the reliability and validity of Chen and Starosta’s Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) (2000) against Chinese cultural background by using Chinese university students majoring in English as respondents.

  15. The ostracod assemblages and their environmental significance in the Chen Coarea, southern Tibet in recent 1400 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The CC1 core, with a length of 216 cm, was drilled in the west part of the Chen Co(Lake) in southern Tibet Plateau. The 210Pb and 137Cs measurement indicated that it was aconsecutive sedimentary sequence since ca. 1400 years. The ostracoda and their assemblages underthe level of 1 cm samples' cutting interval were finished for this core to reveal the pastenvironmental changes in the lake area. A total of 15 species of ostracods belonging to 7 genera inthe core sediments had been identified. According to the ostracod distributions, abundances andpreservations in the core, seven ostracod assemblages had been distinguished. The ostracodassemblages and their ecological features, together with the sediments dating decision were used toinfer the past ca. 1400 years environmental changes of the Chen Co environmental evolutions inthree stages, which had responded to the Medieval Ages Warm-period (MAW), the Little Ice Age(LIA) and modem warm period. The results show that the changes of the Chen Co environment hadbeen mainly influenced by the climatic variations. The trend of the lake level fluctuations had beenaccorded with that of climatic variation during the past 1400 years.

  16. [Academic thoughts on Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Weiping; Li, Naiqi

    2015-03-01

    Through the collection of Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China, the academic characteristics on acupuncture and moxibusiton were analyzed. The literature comparison method was adopted to compare the works of LUO Zhaoju, ZENG Tianzhi and LI Wenxian, etc. at the same period. It was discovered that CHEN Jingwen was the medical master who systematicly brought up the theory of acupoint properties earlier in the modern times. Classifying drugs based on acupoints was his academic feature. Additionally, the compatibility therapy of Chinese medicine was introduced to explain the essential ideas on the acupoints combination. The treatment was determined on the basis of zangxiang theory and the reinforcing and reducing therapy of acupuncture was emphasized in the determination of treatment and prescription. CHEN Jingwen's theory of acupoint property had been stressed and spread among the medical scholars in the Republic of China and he had made the beneficial exploration for the development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.

  17. Robustness of the Chen-Dougherty-Bittner procedure against non-normality and heterogeneity in the coefficient of variation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Douglas A; Anderson, Lucy M; Cheng, Robert Y S; Alvord, W Gregory

    2002-10-01

    Chen, Dougherty, and Bittner [Y. Chen, E. R. Dougherty, and M. L. Bittner, J. Biomed. Opt. 2(4), 364-374 (1997)] provided the derivation of a probability density function (PDF) for a signal ratio from a DNA microarray. This PDF is potentially useful for testing whether a pair of signals from the same gene has a common mean. The derivation of the PDF assumes the normality of all signal distributions and a common coefficient of variation (CV) for all signals within a microarray. The testing procedure requires the calculation of a common confidence interval for a microarray, based on a maximum likelihood estimator of the "common" CV, and the determination of whether or not a ratio for a particular gene falls within this interval. This study used Monte Carlo techniques and demonstrated that the procedure is robust to violations of normality and also to constancy in the coefficients of variation. A closer examination of the dynamics of the procedure found that the robustness was the result of offsetting effects. The size of the confidence interval was increased as a result of higher estimates of the common CV, as the actual CV pattern became heterogeneous. This effect mitigated the inflation in the size of the ratio as a result of increasing CV heterogeneity. These findings suggest that the Chen-Dougherty-Bittner procedure may be used even if underlying assumptions do not hold.

  18. On Chen Lang's Historical Drama Creation%论陈烺的历史剧创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秋新

    2016-01-01

    Chen Lang's historical dramas are based on historical facts with historical authenticity.His adaptation and inno-vation of historical facts mainly manifested in two aspects:one is to pay attention to reflection of social reality especially a-bout government corruption,sarcasm,the feudal rulers'corruption,which reflected the author's realistic care,increased the works'social-expressed dynamics and his profundity of thought,and reflected the author's hope of looking forward to the ideal characters to save malpractices in his last days.The other is to honor the persons loyal to lofty ideals of patriot-ism or strengthen the characters of virtue and moral integrity.The opera effect lies in revealing characters'positive and good moral sentiment,reflecting their own moral ideal,and guiding people to feel good,to purify the moral,sublimation mental state through the plot and image characterization.Chen Lang's historical plays,according to the story contents and characters to build system,free and flexible,moderate,made his historical plays acquire a larger artistic expression,re-flecting the personalized art creation and mature in late Qing dynasty.%陈烺的历史剧,多依据史实创作,具有基本的历史真实性。他的历史剧对史实的改编与创新,主要表现在两个方面:一是敷演史实,注重反映社会现实,特别是描写朝廷腐败,嘲讽和暴露封建统治者的昏聩腐朽及奸佞暴虐,表现出作者强烈的现实关怀。它增加了作品表现社会的力度及思想的深刻性,反映出作者身处末世,期盼理想人物拯救时弊、挽狂澜于既倒的心愿;二是表彰忠君爱国的志士仁人,强化人物品行与节操的描写。其戏曲效果在于通过情节和形象刻画,彰显人物积极优秀的道德情操,引导人们感受美好,认识崇高,净化道德,升华精神境界;同时,也反映了作者的道德理想。陈烺的历史剧,依据剧情内容与人物刻

  19. Politics in the Western Maya Region (I: Ajawil/Ajawlel and Ch'e'n

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péter Bíró

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In a series of articles I reflect on the use of various expressions which are connected to what we call the political in the inscriptions of the Classic Maya Western Region. These words express concepts which help to understand the intricate details of the interactions between the political entities and their internal organisations in the Classic Maya Lowlands. Words such as 7ajawil, 7ajawlel, the kennings built on the base of ch'e7n (cave, pond, the emblem glyphs and titles will be examined in light of what they tell us about the functioning of the political organisation of the Classic Period in a constrained region.En una serie de artículos como éste investigo el uso de varias palabras en las inscripciones mayas de la época Clásica de la Región Occidental vinculadas con lo que nosotros llamamos "política". Estas palabras expresan conceptos que ayudan a entender los matices de las relaciones entre las entidades políticas de las Tierras Bajas Mayas y su organización interna. Términos como ajaw'ü I ajawlel, los difrasismos con base ch'e'n (cueva, pozo, los glifos emblemas y los títulos serán examinados tomando en cuenta la información que nos proporcionan sobre el funcionamiento de la organización política de la época Clásica en una región restringida.

  20. 陈法的读书观%Study on Chen Fa's Reading View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟凡松

    2012-01-01

    The Experience of Guishan Academy embody the educational thought of Chen Fa, who is a famous scholar from Guizhou in Qing dynasty. He hold the opinion that the purpose of education for countries is to cultivate useful talents. Reading is aimed to grasp the principles of being an upright person, change temperamen, rather than obtain the national examination success; Reading can't have very utilitarian purpose,only after correct target at first, can you understand the word of a generation ago; Reading avoid by all means blunders,you shuold keep your heart tranquil, and handle affairs step by step, then you can be successful. The statement of chenfa about education purpose, method, enlightened the significance of correcting all kinds of errors in modern education.%《贵山书院学约》集中体现了清代贵州名儒陈法的读书思想。陈法认为:读书的目的在于明达义理,变化气质,非仅博取功名;读书要先摒除功利之心,心地干净,才能对圣贤义理有真切的领悟;读书切忌心态浮躁,要身心收敛,循序渐进。陈法的读书观念,对于矫正当今教育出现的种种弊窦,不无启示意义。

  1. Writing Beyond the Wall: Translation, Cross-cultural Exchange, and Chen Ran's 'A Private Life'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kay Schaffer

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented rise in the global flow of knowledge, nowhere more apparent in the exchange of ideas between China and modern western democracies. Our interest concerns one aspect of this global flow— the translation of Chinese women’s autobiographical writing into English. Taking Chen Ran’s A Private Life (English edition, 2004 as a point of departure, the paper explores issues of translingual practice and cross-cultural exchange. It considers what escapes or is lost in translation as well as the additive potential of the host text. It is sometimes the case that the translation can deliberately make certain ambiguities visible—whether from pragmatic, market-driven motivations or from more complex political, historical and cultural considerations. These negotiations of meaning that occur in the translation process can reverberate on the critical reception of texts in both the ‘guest’ and ‘host’ languages (Liu 1995, with open-ended, incomplete and indeterminate effects. The paper examines the effects of the omission of a brief parenthetical section of three paragraphs from one chapter of the Chinese edition of A Private Life. Yet, even that small emendation changes the original text as a cultural object and alters potential modes of its reception. In this case, the translation results in a loss of ambiguity, irony, philosophic and rhetorical sophistication while also offering additive potentials that enhance the generation of new meanings in the translingual exchange, here with reference Tiananmen and contemporary feminism in China. The translation process provides new channels for readers, writers and theorists to dialogue and communicate across gaps of difference, despite inhibiting factors like the imposition of local restraints, the universalising pressures of western modernity, and asymmetrical relations of power between guest and host language contexts.

  2. [Editing style of Imwon-Gyeongjeji, Inje-ji and inclusion of the medicinal knowledge of the late period of Joseon - Comparing mainly with Dongui-Bogam -].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Jongwook; Jo, Changrock

    2012-12-01

    Imwon-Gyeongjeji which was created by Seo Yu-gu in the first half of the 19th century is a encyclopedia of practical use in rural life. It consists of 113 volumes, 16 fields, and 2.52 million total characters. Of these, the field of medicine comes 11th of the contents covering 28 volumes and 1.1 million characters. Its name is Inje-ji. This paper examines the academic background of Seo Yu-gu and his life work briefly, and investigates the characteristics of medical knowledge of late Joseon period contained in the Imwon-Gyeongjeji, Inje-ji Here, we made key comparisons especially with Dongui-Bogam, Joseon's leading medical book. Of the pioneers of medical history studies of Joseon, a Japanese researcher Miki Sakae has made a negative evaluation to Inje-ji. But after concrete investigation we have come to conclude as follows. First, familial ancestors of Seo Yu-gu were engaged in the introduction of foreign-language books, so Seo Yu-gu as an officer of proof-reading and editing of the various books, also had a lot of knowledge on the medical books ever in history. On this background and experience, for over 36 years from 1,806 retirement from official position to his death, he had compiled and edited Imwon-Gyeongjeji. Second, unlike Dongui-Bogam which included improving health skill, Inje-ji focused on curing medicine readily accessible from the major population of that time. Its main features are as follows: i) prescriptions directly linked to the diseases and symptoms, ii) greatly increased medicinal knowledge especially on infectious diseases and trauma, iii) detailed index easy to look up for prescription and iv) his 'own opinions'[an-seol] which can indicate relevant contents within the book and organically combines the whole knowledge in it. Third, "Inje-ji" utilizing medical books in China and Korea even those of Japan, collected more massively almost all the medical knowledge, new illness, herbs of local area, private prescription. Meanwhile Inje-ji modified

  3. The spatial and temporal expression of Ch-en, the engrailed gene in the polychaete Chaetopterus, does not support a role in body axis segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaver, E. C.; Paulson, D. A.; Irvine, S. Q.; Martindale, M. Q.

    2001-01-01

    We are interested in understanding whether the annelids and arthropods shared a common segmented ancestor and have approached this question by characterizing the expression pattern of the segment polarity gene engrailed (en) in a basal annelid, the polychaete Chaetopterus. We have isolated an en gene, Ch-en, from a Chaetopterus cDNA library. Genomic Southern blotting suggests that this is the only en class gene in this animal. The predicted protein sequence of the 1.2-kb cDNA clone contains all five domains characteristic of en proteins in other taxa, including the en class homeobox. Whole-mount in situ hybridization reveals that Ch-en is expressed throughout larval life in a complex spatial and temporal pattern. The Ch-en transcript is initially detected in a small number of neurons associated with the apical organ and in the posterior portion of the prototrochophore. At later stages, Ch-en is expressed in distinct patterns in the three segmented body regions (A, B, and C) of Chaetopterus. In all segments, Ch-en is expressed in a small set of segmentally iterated cells in the CNS. In the A region, Ch-en is also expressed in a small group of mesodermal cells at the base of the chaetal sacs. In the B region, Ch-en is initially expressed broadly in the mesoderm that then resolves into one band/segment coincident with morphological segmentation. The mesodermal expression in the B region is located in the anterior region of each segment, as defined by the position of ganglia in the ventral nerve cord, and is involved in the morphogenesis of segment-specific feeding structures late in larval life. We observe banded mesodermal and ectodermal staining in an anterior-posterior sequence in the C region. We do not observe a segment polarity pattern of expression of Ch-en in the ectoderm, as is observed in arthropods. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

  4. “季”族词词义演变模式浅析%The semantic evolution model of "Ji" words

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朴美玉

    2012-01-01

      Based on the literature and modern Chinese corpus analysis, to comprehensively study the lexical meaning and connotative meaning of "Ji" words, and from the perspective of economical principle of language and language contact, to discuss the semantic evolution model of "Ji" words.%  本文通过对文献资料和现代汉语语料的分析,全面考察“季”族词的词汇意义和色彩意义,并从语言的经济原则和语言接触的视角出发,对“季”族词的词义演变模式进行较为深入的探讨

  5. Jiří Procháska (1749-1820): Part 2: "De structura nervorum"--studies on a structure of the nervous system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chvátal, Alexandr

    2015-01-01

    The treatise "De structura nervorum" by Jiří Procháska was published in 1779 and is remarkable not only for its anatomical and histological findings but also for its historical introduction, which contains a detailed bibliographical review of the contemporary knowledge of the structure of the nervous tissue. Unfortunately, the treatise has never been translated from the Latin language, but it deserves further analysis as a historical document about the level of neuroscience research conducted by a famous Czech scholar. The present article includes a historical overview of the contemporary knowledge of the structure of the nervous tissue up to the late eighteenth century from the perspective of today, a translation of selected chapters from Prochaska's treatise (a historical introduction about the medieval knowledge of the structure of the nervous tissue and an interpretation of his neurohistological observations), and an analysis of Jiří Prochaska's results in light of current knowledge.

  6. Clinical Observation on Therapeutic Effect of Ji De Sheng She Yao Tablet on 16 Cases with AIDS Complicated by Herpes Zoster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@The Ji De Sheng She Yao tablet (季德胜蛇药片)is a drug for snake-bites and insect bites. According to recent reports, this drug has been used to treat herpes zoster, hepatitis B, parotitis, nephrotic syndrome, acute conjunctivitis, recurrent aphtha, urticaria, etc.1 with good therapeutic effects. More than half of the AIDS patients suffered from herpes zoster. The area of skin lesion in AIDS patients is larger than that of the patients without AIDS and the pain lasts longer. Many cases have keloids and depigmentation for months, even severe pain till their death. Routine therapeutic methods are not satisfactory in therapeutic effects. The expert group of traditional Chinese medicine for cooperative research on AIDS used Ji De Sheng She Yao tablets (季德胜蛇药片) to treat AIDS complicated by herpes zoster for the first time and the results are reported as follows.

  7. The impact of the "Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan" on PM2.5 concentrations in Jing-Jin-Ji region during 2012-2020.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Siyi; Wang, Yangjun; Zhao, Bin; Wang, Shuxiao; Chang, Xing; Hao, Jiming

    2017-02-15

    In order to cope with heavy haze pollution in China, the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan including phased goals of the fine particulate matter (PM2.5) was issued in 2013. In this study, China's emission inventories in the baseline 2012 and the future scenarios of 2017 and 2020 have been developed based on this Action Plan. Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (Jing-Jin-Ji) region, one of the most polluted regions in China, was taken as a case to assess the impact of phased emission control measures on PM2.5 concentration reduction using WRF-CMAQ model system. With the implementation of the Action Plan, the emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOX), PM2.5, non-methane volatile organic compound (NMVOC), and ammonia (NH3) in 2017 will decrease by36%, 31%, 30%,12%, and -10% from the 2012 levels in Jing-Jin-Ji, respectively. In 2020, the emissions of SO2, NOX, PM2.5, NMVOC, and NH3 will decrease by 40%, 44%, 40%, 22%, and -3% from the 2012 levels in Jing-Jin-Ji, respectively. Consequently, the ambient annual PM2.5 concentration under the scenarios of 2017 and 2020 will be 28.3% and 37.8% lower than those in 2012, respectively. The Action Plan provided an effective approach to alleviate PM2.5 pollution level in Jing-Jin-Ji region. However, emission control of NMVOC and NH3 should be paid more attention and be strengthened in future. Meanwhile, emission control of NOx, SO2, NH3 and NMVOC synergistically are highly needed in the future because multiple pollutants impact on PM2.5 and O3 concentrations nonlinearly.

  8. GC FU ji IX玻璃离子及银粉玻璃离子充填乳磨牙龋齿的疗效观察%Efficacy of GC FU ji IX glass ionomer and silver glass ionomer filling dental caries in deciduous molars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军

    2010-01-01

    目的 比较GC FU ji IX玻璃离子和银粉玻璃离子在乳磨牙龋齿充填中的临床效果.方法 选择72个病例144颗患牙,采用自身对照,一颗乳磨牙用GC FU ji IX玻璃离子充填,同名另一颗用银粉玻璃离子充填,半年、1年后分别复查.结果 半年复查,两组成功率无统计学差异(P>0.05);1年比较,GC FU ji IX玻璃离子成功率高于银粉玻璃离子,有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论 GC FU ji IX玻璃离子是乳磨牙龋齿充填的理想材料,临床效果优于银粉玻璃离子.

  9. 季羡林谈外语与翻译%On Foreign Languages and Translation by Mr. JI Xianlin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋剑祥; 王艳; 刘晓康

    2014-01-01

    简述中国当代著名学者季羡林先生的生平,分析他非凡的外语学习与翻译实践,着重就他有关翻译促进人类社会进步发展,翻译要忠实和尊重原作,翻译理论要与实践相结合,翻译要注重跨文化交际,以及质量是翻译的核心追求等翻译思想进行探讨。%Briefly introducing the life of Mr. JI Xianlin as a famous contemporary scholar in China, it analyses his extraordinary experiences of learning foreign languages and translation practice, and mainly explores his thoughts of translation as translation boost ing the social development of mankind, translation being fidelity and equivalent to the original works, translation theory research guiding its practice, translation focusing on the cross-culture communication, and quality being the core of translation work.

  10. 对鬼臼“同名异物”的疏分%Differentiating homonym of the plant“guǐ jiù”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁振声

    2016-01-01

    The word“guǐ jiù”was first recorded in the Chinese book Divine Farmer's Materi‐a Medica ,and had complex sources for its reference item in ancient times .The Chinese med‐ical scientist Tao Hongjing in Southern and Northern Dynasties was aware that there were two kinds of “guǐ jiù” ,and separated them from the plant “mǎ mù dú gōng” .Compendium of Materia Medica in Ming Dynasty disagreed nevertheless with the fact ,and regarded many botanical names related to “guǐ jiù” existing in the literature of Tang and Song dynasties as variant names of “guǐ jiù” .Contemporary Chinese Materia Medica added the names of cer‐tain plants related to “guǐ jiù” emerging since Ming and Qing dynasties ,and treated those names as variant names of the plant “bājiǎo lián” ,w hich confused the sources of “guǐ jiù”further .Textual research confirmed that the main source of “guǐ jiù”is the genus of Dysos‐ma Woodson ,Berberidaceae of current times ,among which Dysosma versipellis (Hance) M .Cheng ex Ying is the authentic“guǐ jiù” .“xiūtiān huā” ,“bājiǎo pán” ,and“jīn xīng bājiǎo” refer to the same genus plants D .majorensis (Gagnep .) Ying and D .veitchii (Hemsl . et Wils .) Fu ex Ying .“qióng tián cǎo”and“táng pó jì ng”in the poetry of Song dynasty are supposed to be glossy foliage Dysosma pleiantha (Hance) Woodson .Original description for “shù lǜcǎo”was“There are two categories” ,and the morphological characteristics were in a clutter .“shù lǜcǎo”can be divided into D . di f f ormis (Hemsl .et Wils .) T .H .Wang ex Ying and D .majorensis (Gagnep .) Ying .The one with“bluish white”flowers may refer to Diphylleia sinensis H .L .Li in the genus with similar morphology ,who is also the original plant for“mǎmù dú gōng” ,“hàn hé yè”and“shàn hé yè” ,and one of the original plants for“guǐ jiù” in Divine Farmer's Materia Medica .%《神农本草

  11. Analysis to Formation Cause for Personality of Ruan Ji%阮籍性格特征及其成因探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋永华

    2012-01-01

    Ruan Ji in people's impression has been broad-minded and unruly uninhibited, informal ceremony, alcoholics anonymous birth image of proud.However, Ruan Ji's character is a complex manifold, we can't just pay attention to its wild side, ignoring the character to make progress, cautious.The character of Ruan Ji to China feudal society's writers have a more general representation of the character of Ruan Ji, understand the reasons for the formation of is helpful for us to understand the traditional Chinese literati.%阮籍在人们印象中一直以旷达不羁,不拘礼法,嗜酒傲诞的形象出现。然而,阮籍的性格是复杂的、多方面的,我们不能只注意到其狂放的一面,忽略其性格中奋发向上、谨慎等方面。阮籍的性格对中国封建社会的文人具有较普遍的代表性,理解阮籍性格形成的原因有助于我们加深对中国传统文人的了解。

  12. Detecting the causality influence of individual meteorological factors on local PM2.5 concentration in the Jing-Jin-Ji region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ziyue; Cai, Jun; Gao, Bingbo; Xu, Bing; Dai, Shuang; He, Bin; Xie, Xiaoming

    2017-01-01

    Due to complicated interactions in the atmospheric environment, quantifying the influence of individual meteorological factors on local PM2.5 concentration remains challenging. The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (short for Jing-Jin-Ji) region is infamous for its serious air pollution. To improve regional air quality, characteristics and meteorological driving forces for PM2.5 concentration should be better understood. This research examined seasonal variations of PM2.5 concentration within the Jing-Jin-Ji region and extracted meteorological factors strongly correlated with local PM2.5 concentration. Following this, a convergent cross mapping (CCM) method was employed to quantify the causality influence of individual meteorological factors on PM2.5 concentration. The results proved that the CCM method was more likely to detect mirage correlations and reveal quantitative influences of individual meteorological factors on PM2.5 concentration. For the Jing-Jin-Ji region, the higher PM2.5 concentration, the stronger influences meteorological factors exert on PM2.5 concentration. Furthermore, this research suggests that individual meteorological factors can influence local PM2.5 concentration indirectly by interacting with other meteorological factors. Due to the significant influence of local meteorology on PM2.5 concentration, more emphasis should be given on employing meteorological means for improving local air quality.

  13. Innovative Research on the Packaging Design of Ji Faction Snuff Bottle%冀派鼻烟壶包装设计的创新性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯志昆; 回凌云; 赵文萍

    2012-01-01

    针对冀派鼻烟壶包装的现状,在进行了市场调研、产品分析以及市场定位的基础上,分析了对冀派鼻烟壶包装进行改良设计的可行性,进而论述了冀派鼻烟壶包装图形、文字、色彩、结构存在的问题,以及包装缺乏文化性、地域性、系列性设计的现状,提出了对冀派鼻烟壶包装进行改良设计的具体方案,以及从包装设计提升品牌形象已成为现代设计的显著特征。%According to the present situation of Ji faction snuff bottle packaging, based on the market research, product analysis and market positioning, it analyzed the feasibility of improved design for snuff bottle packaging, then discussed the graphics, text, color, structure of Ji faction snuff bottle, as well as the status of packaging lack of cultural, geographical, series design, and proposed the specific programs of improvement design for Ji faction snuff bottle packaging, as well as the packaging design to promote the brand image becoming a notable feature of modem design.

  14. Detecting the causality influence of individual meteorological factors on local PM2.5 concentration in the Jing-Jin-Ji region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ziyue; Cai, Jun; Gao, Bingbo; Xu, Bing; Dai, Shuang; He, Bin; Xie, Xiaoming

    2017-01-01

    Due to complicated interactions in the atmospheric environment, quantifying the influence of individual meteorological factors on local PM2.5 concentration remains challenging. The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (short for Jing-Jin-Ji) region is infamous for its serious air pollution. To improve regional air quality, characteristics and meteorological driving forces for PM2.5 concentration should be better understood. This research examined seasonal variations of PM2.5 concentration within the Jing-Jin-Ji region and extracted meteorological factors strongly correlated with local PM2.5 concentration. Following this, a convergent cross mapping (CCM) method was employed to quantify the causality influence of individual meteorological factors on PM2.5 concentration. The results proved that the CCM method was more likely to detect mirage correlations and reveal quantitative influences of individual meteorological factors on PM2.5 concentration. For the Jing-Jin-Ji region, the higher PM2.5 concentration, the stronger influences meteorological factors exert on PM2.5 concentration. Furthermore, this research suggests that individual meteorological factors can influence local PM2.5 concentration indirectly by interacting with other meteorological factors. Due to the significant influence of local meteorology on PM2.5 concentration, more emphasis should be given on employing meteorological means for improving local air quality. PMID:28128221

  15. Traditional uses, botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ting; Guo, Rixin; Zhou, Guohong; Zhou, Xidan; Kou, Zhenzhen; Sui, Feng; Li, Chun; Tang, Liying; Wang, Zhuju

    2016-07-21

    Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine known as Sanqi or Tianqi in China. This plant, which is distributed primarily in the southwest of China, has wide-ranging pharmacological effects and can be used to treat cardiovascular diseases, pain, inflammation and trauma as well as internal and external bleeding due to injury. This paper provides up-to-date information on investigations of this plant, including its botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. The possible uses and perspectives for future investigation of this plant are also discussed. The relevant information on Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen was collected from numerous resources, including classic books about Chinese herbal medicine, and scientific databases, including Pubmed, SciFinder, ACS, Ebsco, Elsevier, Taylor, Wiley and CNKI. More than 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen, including saponins, flavonoids and cyclopeptides. The plant has pharmacological effects on the cardiovascular system, immune system as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, haemostatic and anti-tumour activities, etc. Panax notoginseng is a valuable traditional Chinese medical herb with multiple pharmacological effects. This review summarizes the botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of P. notoginseng, and presents the constituents and their corresponding chemical structures found in P. notoginseng comprehensively for the first time. Future research into its phytochemistry of bio-active components should be performed by using bioactivity-guided isolation strategies. Further work on elucidation of the structure-function relationship among saponins, understanding of multi-target network pharmacology of P. notoginseng, as well as developing its new clinical usage and comprehensive utilize will enhance the therapeutic potentials of P. notoginseng. Copyright © 2016

  16. Equity Valuation and Accounting Numbers: Applying Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models to Brazilian Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Caio Galdi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates how accounting variables explain cross-sectional stocks returns in Brazilian capital markets. The analysis is based on Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models. These models predict that stock returns are a function of net income, change in profitability, invested capital, changes in opportunity growths and discount rate. Generally, the empirical results for the Brazilian capital market are consistent with the theoretical relations that models describe, similarly to the results found in the US. Using different empirical tests (pooled regressions, Fama-Macbeth and panel data the results and coefficients remain similar, what support the robustness of our findings.

  17. Feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in junior secondary school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Linda Y K; Chong, Yeuk Lan; Li, Ngai Yin; Li, Man Chung; Lin, Lai Na; Wong, Lee Yi; Wong, Brian Kit; Yip, Wing Ping; Hon, Cho Hang; Chung, Pui Kuen; Man, Shuk Yee

    2013-04-01

    Stress is common in junior secondary school students (JSSS). This study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in JSSS. A non-equivalent pre-test/post-test control group design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 69 JSSS was recruited. The experimental group (n = 32) joined a Chen-style Tai Chi programme, which included 10 sessions of 80-minute Tai Chi training (one session per week). The control group (n = 37) proceeded with self-study. Participants' stress levels were assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale. Feasibility was determined as the percentage of participants completing and attending the programme. Effectiveness was measured as the significant difference in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. Results preliminarily supported that the programme was feasible for JSSS. Completion rate was 100%, and attendance rate was 90%. However, no significant difference was noted in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. The potential health benefits of Tai Chi could not be detected owing to the restrictions imposed by the research setting and study limitations. The present study represents initial efforts in this direction and serves as reference for future study. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. The Cognition on Vertigo of CHEN Xiu-yuan%论陈修园对眩晕的认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志更

    2012-01-01

    The article mainly discuss the cognition of famous Qing dynasty doctor CHEN Xiu-yuan on pathological mechanism, diagnosis and therapy of vertigo. It think that CHEN Xiu-yuan pointed out that the core pathological mechanism of vertigo is on reversed flow of Qi of JiuYin; It must attach important to pulse diagnosis and had better select and use famous prescriptions.AH that afford a good reference to afterword.%文章主要探讨清代医家陈修园对于眩晕病机、诊疗等方面的认识.分析认为陈修园提出了眩晕的病机核心在于厥阴气逆,在诊法上重视脉诊,提纲挈领,辨证清晰,治疗上则多选名方加减,为后世治疗眩晕提供了很好的借鉴.

  19. The Textual Research On Chen Shan of Tongren%铜仁进士陈珊事略考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵广升; 马丽

    2015-01-01

    Chen Shan,a successful candidate in the highest imperial examinations of Tongren in the the Ming Dynasty, was a lower official for ten years because of disobedience to the Premier Yan Song and was dismissed from office by an imperial censors who had impeached him greedy shop, therefore he was despised by many scholars.Chen shan’s words and behavior was respected by others and he was a model for scholars whether in his high moral deeds or speeches. And he was also a very crazy person at that time. We took the example of this to the modern society in order to train the ecological official place nowadays and it has great significance today.We can cultivate our fresh air for being an official.%明代铜仁进士陈珊,因忤逆首辅严嵩,官龃龉不达;后言官又弹劾他贪肆不职,遭免职闲住,颇为士论所遗。今据墓志铭等相关资料,勾稽其生平仕宦、乡居事迹,还其真相。陈珊节操言论堪为士表,乃一代狂狷之士。借古鉴今,对今天培育风清气正的官场生态,具有一定的意义。

  20. The distributions of BTEX compounds in the ambient atmosphere of the Nan-Ji-Do abandoned landfill site in Seoul

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ki-Hyun; Kim, Min-Young

    In this study, the concentrations of major aromatic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which include benzene, toluene, m-xylene, p-xylene, o-xylene, and ethylbenzene were measured at the Nan-Ji-Do (NJD) landfill site during the spring and fall season of 2000. According to our study, the mean (and median) concentration values for these VOC species were computed to be 1.65 (1.12) ppb for benzene, 9.62 (6.63) ppb for toluene, 1.84 (1.08) ppb for m, p-xylene, 0.83 (0.46) ppb for o-xylene, and 1.17 (0.78) ppb for ethylbenzene; large differences in two statistical terms appear to originate from the consistent occurrences of data sets with unusually high concentrations such that they induce eccentricities in the predictable, Gaussian-type patterns of their frequency distribution. The concentration levels of major aromatic species in our study area, when compared with those of other environmental settings, are slightly higher or comparable to those typically found in urbanized areas affected by various anthropogenic source types. The findings of the moderately high concentration levels at NJD may reflect at least partially the effects of efficient mixing at high elevation of 95 m, despite the fact that large quantities of VOCs are emitted from this landfill area. Inspection of our measurement data further indicated that in many occasions these VOCs can be subordinate to different, but distinctive, patterns of periodicity over diurnal or seasonal scale. Results of correlation analysis indicate that toluene is correlated most significantly and abundantly with both VOC and the concurrently determined environmental parameters, while benzene lacks strong correlations even with other aromatic VOCs. In light of the peculiarity in the behavior of benzene, we suggest that the processes affecting BTEX levels in the landfill area may be distinguished from other source processes that can also be important in the urbanized areas.

  1. [Professor MA Ji-xing and Acupuncture Scientification at the Primary Stage of Establishment of the People's Republic of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huo, Rui-li; Zhu, Ling; Yang, Feng

    2015-08-01

    In the initial stage (1950s) of the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the Pavlov's theory played an important influence on Chinese biology and medical science fields. At that time, many schools or colleges of traditional Chinese medicine were set up one after another, the first edition of teaching materials or textbook was complete, and a lot of advanced training courses and training classes were developed. In that specific period of "acupuncture scientification", Mr. MA Ji-xing, a professor from China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, is a representative scholar who employed Pavlov's theory to make a scientific explanation about the underlying physiological mechanisms of acupuncture-moxibustion therapy. For example, he employed nerve network or nerve system to explain topical acupuncture stimulation and distal stimulation to induce local effect or distal curative effect, employed the cutaneous-visceral reflex to explain the therapeutic effect of acu-moxibustion for visceral disorders, used the viscera-cutaneous reflex to explain the tender point (sensitized region) or Ashi-point, used the "predominant factor mechanism" or excitation transfer of the stimulated non-sensitized cutaneous region close to the diseased locus to explain the pain-relief of acupuncture stimulation, used the stimulation strength, duration, frequency and distance (to the locus) to explain the needling reinforcing or reducing effect, and so on and so forth. He wrote many articles and books about acupuncturology, one of which was named Jianyao Zhenjiu Xue (Concise Acupuncturology), a well-known demonstration teaching material for advanced training courses, inducing a significant influence on the acu-moxibustion field in both academic field and clinical practice. Looking back this period of history may provide a helpful reference for current research on academic development of acupuncturology.

  2. Philosophy of Chen & Zhan Mind---Key School of Mind Studies in Ming Dynasty%陈湛心学--明代心学之重要流派

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄明同

    2016-01-01

    Chen & Zhan Mind, represented by Chen Baisha and his student Zhan Ganquan, standing along with Yangming Mind, has been key school of Mind studies in Ming dynasty. Modern transformation of Chen & Zhan mind, is the urgent study topic in Lingnan culture and has theoretical and practical value and meaning.%以陈白沙及其弟子湛甘泉为代表的陈湛心学,与阳明心学一样,是明代心学的重要流派。陈湛心学的现代转换,是岭南文化迫切需要研究的课题,具有理论与实践的价值和意义。

  3. On the aesthetics significance of Ji Kang's music and art theory%论嵇康音乐艺术理论的美学意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施荣华

    2001-01-01

    This article takes modern aesthetics as its examining angle and closely studies Ji Kang's music and art thought. This dissertation reckons that Ji Kang' s “On Sound Itself Has No Bitterness and Happiness” concentratively displays aesthetics thought of music and art during the period of Wei and Jin Dynasties. It shifts the aesthetic attitude from traditional utilitarianism and pragmatism of the Confucianists to the experienc e of respecting the special rules of music and art. The article is divided into four parts, that is, Ji Kang's tendency of art career;“On Sound Itself Has No Bitterness and Happiness” and On keeping in Cood Health; The music based on the subjective view of appreciator and Sound is not the main part of music; The essence of Multitudinous and numerous music and songs are the same.%本文以现代美学作为审视角度,梳理与研究了嵇康的音乐艺术思想。论文认为,嵇康的《声无哀乐论》集中地表现了魏晋时期音乐艺术美学思想,由传统儒家功利实用审美态度转向崇尚自然,注重个人内心情感体验,以及尊重音乐艺术自身特殊规律的审美倾向。本文共分四部分,即嵇康的艺术人生倾向;《声无哀乐论》与养生论;以“心”为乐之体,以“声”为乐之“用”;“曲变虽众,亦大同于和。”

  4. Tai Ji Quan for the aging cancer survivor: Mitigating the accelerated development of disability, falls, and cardiovascular disease from cancer treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerri M. Winters-Stone

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Currently there are more than 13.7 million cancer survivors living in the U.S., and that figure is projected to increase by 31% in the next decade, adding another 4 million cancer survivors into the healthcare system. Cancer is largely a disease of aging, and the aging of the population will sharply raise the proportion of older cancer survivors, many of whom will be long-term survivors (5+ years post diagnosis. This review will address the potential utility of exercise to address three health problems that are of particular concern for the aging cancer survivor and the healthcare system, i.e., disability, falls, and cardiovascular disease, because the development of these age-related problems may be accelerated by cancer treatment. While there are many different modes of exercise that each produce specific adaptations, Tai Ji Quan may be a particularly suitable strategy to mitigate the development of age- and cancer-treatment-related problems. Based on studies in older adults without cancer, Tai Ji Quan produces musculoskeletal and cardiometabolic adaptations and is more easily performed by older adults due to its low energy cost and slower movement patterns. Since cancer survivors are mostly older, inactive, and often physically limited by the lingering side effects of treatment, they need to engage in safe, practical, and effective modes of exercise. The dearth of published controlled trials examining the efficacy of Tai Ji Quan to mitigate cancer-treatment-related musculoskeletal and cardiovascular side effects points to ample research opportunities to explore the application of this non-Western exercise modality to improve long-term outcomes for aging cancer survivors.

  5. New Explanation on“Ji Mi”and“Sang Luo Zhi Xia”in Xunzi%《荀子》语词释义二则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡宁

    2014-01-01

    Ji Mi”and“Sang Luo Zhi Xia” are two phrases in Xunzi. The annotation of“Mi”in“Ji Mi” should be“Lei”(pile up) and“Ji Mi”means accumulation. The etymology of“Sang Luo” is two verses in the Book of Songs, which are metaphor to the poor life and being abandoned eventually after marriage of the heroine. After this usage was fixed,“Sang Luo”became a synonym for dilemma. So,“Sang Luo Zhi Xia”means in dilemma.%“积靡”见于《荀子·儒效》篇,旧注训“靡”为“顺”,释为“顺其积习”。从原文语境以及荀子在人性论问题上对“积”、“顺”二词的使用来看,旧注不可从。“靡”当训为“累”,“积靡”即“积累”,是同义连用的复合词。“桑落之下”见于《荀子·宥坐》篇,注家众说纷纭。“桑落”的语源当是《诗经·卫风·氓》所言“桑之落矣,其黄而陨”,指困窘的处境,“桑落之下”即困境之下。

  6. An application of Chen system for secure chaotic communication based on extended Kalman filter and multi-shift cipher algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallahi, Kia; Raoufi, Reza; Khoshbin, Hossein

    2008-07-01

    In recent years chaotic secure communication and chaos synchronization have received ever increasing attention. In this paper a chaotic communication method using extended Kalman filter is presented. The chaotic synchronization is implemented by EKF design in the presence of channel additive noise and processing noise. Encoding chaotic communication is used to achieve a satisfactory, typical secure communication scheme. In the proposed system, a multi-shift cipher algorithm is also used to enhance the security and the key cipher is chosen as one of the chaos states. The key estimate is employed to recover the primary data. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, a numerical example based on Chen dynamical system is presented and the results are compared to two other chaotic systems.

  7. The Impact of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Water Yield in the Jing- Jin-Ji Region in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Suxiao; Yang, Hong

    2017-04-01

    Water yield is one of the key ecosystem services sustaining both people's life and economic development. However, the water yield function is sensitive to anthropogenic activity especially the land use and land cover change (LUCC). Assessment of historical LUCC and its impact on water yield could benefit designing and implementing appropriate land use strategy that enhance the water yield capacity. Beijing (Jing) and its surrounding areas of Tianjin (Jin) and Hebei (Ji) is the political, cultural and economic center of China. The region is facing increasingly water crisis. Taking the Jing-Jin-Ji region as a study area, this study analyzed the historical LUCC and its impact on water yield by using the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST) model to spatially map and quantify the changes of water yield from 1995 to 2010. The results showed there was main decline in area of wetland and forest and increase in area of crop land and built up land. An abrupt decline in water yield was found for year 2000. The water yield was influenced to a great extent by precipitation and evapotranspiration, but the land use played an important role in the water yield capacity (water yield per unit area) through plant cover that affected evapotranspiration, soil water permeability and the capacity of holding the moisture content. By general ranking, the water yield capacity of different land use type was as follows: built-up>bare land>cropland> grassland>forest >wetland, which illustrated that the built-up and bare land had higher run off rate while the vegetation area had higher capacity to control surface run off to increase the groundwater. A good understanding of temporal-spatial allocation of historical LUCC and Water yield of the Jing-Jin-Ji region could help guide land use policy decisions that take into consideration of tradeoffs with respect to spatial distribution of ecosystem services amongst the three administrative entities (Jing-Jin-Ji) and

  8. 基于JiTT和Blending Learning理念的“计算机基础”课程教学探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯爽

    2012-01-01

    探讨将JiTT和Blending Learning理念应用于第一门课"计算机基础"的教学方法,提出融合多种教学手段,设计两套学习资源,并根据学生的实际情况及时调整教学方法。两年的教学实践显示,使用本方法后,学生考试成绩和动手能力都有明显提高,地域间的差异显著缩小。

  9. [The classification method of syndromes in the Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Xiaowei; Zheng, Wenjie; Ma, Mingyue; Zhang, Zhibin

    2014-03-01

    Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold) epitomizes the medical achievements of the Tang Dynasty with an extensive coverage. The classification method of syndromes in this book is derived from Nei jing (Inner Canon), Nan jing (Classic of Questioning), Shang han za bing lun (Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases), Zhu bing yuan hou lun (General Treatise on Causes and Manifestations of All Diseases), and enlightens the later generation with many unique characteristics, reflecting the mature recognition of the diseases in the contemporary clinical medicine from one side. It is still of great significance for understanding the diseases and exploring its pathogenesis even today.

  10. Jižní Město as a Place to Live from the Perspective of Two Generations of Its First Inhabitants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Barvíková

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper introduces the results of a qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with respondents in their thirties (who as children at the age of 2-3 moved with their parents into the Prague housing estate Jižní Město in 1977-1978 and spent their childhood and adolescence there and with their parents. The dataset allows for the identification and analysis of phenomena and processes that are typical of housing estates and life in housing estates during the last thirty years in the context of society changes and maturing of the estates.

  11. CHEN Xujing’ s Research on Culturology%陈序经关于“文化学”的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛明明

    2016-01-01

    陈序经先生是中国著名的社会学家,在其著作《文化学概论》中,对伦理、宗教、政治、经济四种文化观进行阐述与评价,并指出文化的地理、生物、心理和社会的基础,进而阐发文化的意义、性质、重心、成分及其关系等核心命题,构建了其特有的现代文化学体系。这部作品使人们对文化和文化学有了更多的了解,从而深知文化对于一个个体、民族、国家的重要性。%CHEN Xujing is a well-known Chinese sociologist .In his book “An Introduc-tion to Culturology”,Mr.CHEN interprets and evaluates four culture perspectives:ethic,reli-gion,politics,and economy,and points out the geographical ,biological,psychological,and social foundation of culture .The core issues,such as the significance ,nature,focus,and components of culture,are discussed to construct a system of modern culturology .With this work,we may understand and know culture and culturology more and have a better understanding of the sig -nificance of culture to individuals ,nation,and state .

  12. Increase Under standing , Deepen Friendship and Promote Cooperation——Report on CPPCC Vice-Chairman Chen Zongxing's Visit to Italy, Malta, Cyprus and Israel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正At the invitation of the parliaments of Italy, Malta, and Cyprus and the Organizing Committee of the Fourth Presidents' Meeting of Israel, Chen Italy: China-Italy relations are developing smoothly. Cultural exchanges are at the best time ever.

  13. The Research and Statement of the Versions of Chen Bu-lei Biography%陈布雷传记版本考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠北平; 郭学勤

    2012-01-01

    At present there are several versions of the Biography of Chen Bu-lei. The emergence of these different versions raises interest in Chen Bu-lei, and enhance the understanding of this historical figures. However, the publication of biographies of historical conditions are subject to certain conditions and the impact of the information, which will result in the current biography of Chen Bu-lei all the failings exist. So far, the real value of academic biography of Chen mine did not appear.%当前出现了多种版本的陈布雷传记,这些不同版本传记的出现引起了人们对陈布雷的兴趣,增强了对这位历史人物的了解。传记的出版受到一定的历史条件与资料条件影响,目前陈布雷传记不尽人意,真正有学术价值的陈布雷传记并未出现。

  14. Comment on "current separation and upwelling over the southeast shelf of Vietnam in the South China Sea" by Chen et al

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dippner, Joachim W.; Bombar, Deniz; Loick-Wilde, Natalie;

    2013-01-01

    In a recent paper, Chen et al. (2012) showed that the offshore current in front of the Vietnamese upwelling area in the South China Sea (SCS) is caused by an encounter of southward buoyancy-driven coastal current and tidal rectified currents from the southwest. These findings seem not in agreemen...

  15. 京津冀人才分阶段跨地域协同培养模式探究--以津冀地区培养机制设计为例%Analysis of Trans-regional and Staged Investments in Talent Training for the Jing-Jin-Ji Region:A Case Analysis of Mechanism Design of the Jin-Ji Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林挺; 张俊

    2016-01-01

    As the Jing-Jin-Ji Region integration has been raised to a national development priority,the complementation of talents in the region is called for to match with the region’s economic integration.Currently,the Jin-Ji Region has a great gap regarding human resources development with Beijing due to various reasons.Considering the step of the economic de-velopment,a reasonable talent mechanism should be worked out.Based on the principle of mechanism design and game theory,a case analysis of trans-regional and staged investment process of talents between the undertakers and enterprises of the Jin-Ji Region was constructed.Three possible balances were proposed,and also the optimal behavior strategy under each equilibrium state was given.Finally,for the purpose of serving innovative enterprises of the Jin-Ji Region,some ad-vices on nurturing talents of the Jing-Jin-Ji Region were given.%京津冀地区协同发展已经成为国家近期发展的一大重点。除了经济一体化发展,京津冀人才互补一体化也要与经济发展趋势相匹配,但是京津冀各地区人才的发展水平极为不均衡,尤其津冀地区由于多方面的原因,人才的数量和质量都与北京地区有着明显差距,要想均衡人才资源来保障京津冀地区一体化发展,跨地域协同培养成为值得探讨的机制。从人才培养角度出发,通过建立与分析对津冀地区提供异地培养机会的企业与被培养人才跨地域的博弈模型,提出了津冀地区培养方与被培养对象之间可能存在的收益均衡状态,并给出了均衡状态下两者各自的最优行为策略为指导的机制设计,为今后京津冀跨区域人才培养机制的普遍推广奠定了基础。

  16. Distribution Patterns and Developmental Changes of GnRH and GnRHR-Immunopositive Cells in the Pituitary of Ji Ning Gray Goats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Xiao, Wang Shu-Ying, Huang Li-Bo, Hou Yan-Meng and Shi Yun-Zhi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Immunohistochemical Strept Avidin Biotin-Peroxidase Complex (SABC three-step method was used to investigate the distribution patterns and developmental changes of GnRH and GnRHR immunopositive (GnRH-ip and GnRHR-ip cells in the pituitary of Ji Ning Gray goats during 0-180 days of age. The results showed that GnRH-ip and GnRHR-ip cells were detected only in the pars distalis of adenohypophysis. There were no positive cells in the pars intermedia and neurohypophysis. GnRH-ip and GnRHR-ip cells were not observed in the anterior pituitary at birth day and 30 days of age. At 60 days, a number of GnRH-ip and GnRHR-ip cells were found in the anterior pituitary. GnRH-ip cells were pale brown which scattered or clustered around the sinusoid capillary; GnRHR-ip cells were brown and the cytomembrane was darker. The size and percentage of GnRH-ip and GnRHR-ip cells increased with the age growth. The numbers of GnRH-ip and GnRHR-ip cells after sexual maturity were significantly bigger than that before sexual maturity. The results above suggested that GnRH and GnRHR in the pituitary of Ji Ning Gray goats play a pivotal role in the sexual development and sexual maturity.

  17. 一种改良的镰形棘豆DNA提取方法%A Modified DNA Extraction forLianXingJiDou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄聪琳; 郭敏; 王晓琳; 姜华

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To establish a DNA extraction method fromLianXingJiDou(OxytropisfalcateBunge) for DNA bar code analysis. Methods: Leaves ofLianXingJiDouwere used to extract DNA by using a modified DNA method; agarose gel electrophoresis and PCR amplification were used to detect extracted DNA. Results: The DNA extracted by this method could meet basic requirements for PCR molecular identification. The method is simple, time-saving, and low-cost; it is suitable for extraction in large quantities. Conclusion: This method is a proper method of DNA extraction for bar code analysis.%目的:建立适合DNA条形码分析的镰形棘豆DNA提取方法。方法:以镰形棘豆(Oxytropis falcate Bunge)叶片为材料,采用改良的DNA提取方法对其DNA进行提取,并用琼脂糖凝胶电泳和PCR扩增对提取的DNA进行检测。结果:本方法提取的DNA,能够满足以PCR为基础的分子鉴定的基本要求。操作简便,需时短,成本低廉,适于DNA的大批量提取。结论:本方法适合DNA条形码研究的DNA提取。

  18. 明传奇《娇红记》特色分析%The Characteristic of the MingChuanQi "JIAO HONG JI"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹仪婕; 曹仪敏

    2014-01-01

    明末戏曲家孟称舜的传奇作品《娇红记》是传奇史上的佳作,它在艺术特色、思想特色等方面成就突出。本文从主人公先进的爱情观、侍女飞红追求爱情体现出的人本主义、传奇自身的悲剧性,以及《娇红记》文本体现出的社会风潮等方面入手进行分析,以求教于大方之家。%Ming Meng Chengshun's legendary work "JIAO HONG JI"with superb realism ,writing "I love pure and King 100 fold ,pretty touching love story .In the artistic characteristics ,ideological characteristics of outstanding achievements ,how‐ever ,the high value of the works of literature have little influence in the history of Chinese literature ,many researchers for"JIAO HONG JI"value is not no reason attention devoted to .

  19. 京津冀区域制造业产业转移研究%Study on Manufacturing Industry Transfer in Jing -Jin -Ji Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁金萍; 刘玉; 杨振武; 孙久文

    2015-01-01

    利用改进后的产业梯度系数和制造行业产值份额指标,对京津冀内部30个制造行业的梯度势差和空间布局进行分析和测算,全面考察了京津冀内部制造业转移的基础与优势以及制造业转移的趋势与走向,以期为加快京津冀区域制造业产业转移提供决策依据和参考。%Using the improved industrial gradient coefficient and sharing index value of manufacturing industry,the author analyzes the gradient potential difference and space layout of 30 manufacturing industries in Jing -Jin -Ji region,compre-hensively investigates the basis and advantages,as well as trend and direction of manufacturing industries transfer in Jing -Jin -Ji region,in order to provide a decision -making basis and reference transfer.

  20. 《万叶集》防人歌与唐代边塞诗%"Wan ye ji" prevent song and frontier fortress poem of Tang dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田寨耕

    2015-01-01

    《万叶集》是日本最早的诗歌集,防人歌是日本的边塞诗。本文对《万叶集》防人歌和唐代边塞诗进行了对比和分析,发现二者在创作时间和内容上有相似之处,但在内容广度、体裁风格、创作者和重要性等方面也存在诸多不同。%"Wan ye ji" is Japan's first poetry collection, prevent song is the glorious age of Japan. In this paper, the "Wan ye ji" prevent song and in the glorious age of tang dynasty were compared and analyzed, and finds both in time and the content is similar, but in the content breadth, genre, style, there are also many different creators and importance, etc.

  1. Conversion of acid hydrolysate of oil palm empty fruit bunch to L-lactic acid by newly isolated Bacillus coagulans JI12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Lidan; Hudari, Mohammad Sufian Bin; Zhou, Xingding; Zhang, Dongxu; Li, Zhi; Wu, Jin Chuan

    2013-06-01

    Cost-effective conversion of lignocellulose hydrolysate to optically pure lactic acid is commercially attractive but very challenging. Bacillus coagulans JI12 was isolated from natural environment and used to produce L-lactic acid (optical purity > 99.5 %) from lignocellulose sugars and acid hydrolysate of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) at 50 °C and pH 6.0 without sterilization of the medium. In fed-batch fermentation with 85 g/L initial xylose and 55 g/L xylose added after 7.5 h, 137.5 g/L lactic acid was produced with a yield of 98 % and a productivity of 4.4 g/L h. In batch fermentation of a sugar mixture containing 8.5 % xylose, 1 % glucose, and 1 % L-arabinose, the lactic acid yield and productivity reached 98 % and 4.8 g/L h, respectively. When EFB hydrolysate was used, 59.2 g/L of lactic acid was produced within 9.5 h at a yield of 97 % and a productivity of 6.2 g/L h, which are the highest among those ever reported from lignocellulose hydrolysates. These results indicate that B. coagulans JI12 is a promising strain for industrial production of L-lactic acid from lignocellulose hydrolysate.

  2. Pilnīgi un daļēji ar stronciju aizvietotu peroksiapatītu sintēze un to analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Valkovska, Valda

    2016-01-01

    Pilnīgi un daļēji ar stronciju aizvietotu peroksiapatītu sintēze un to analīze. Valkovska V., darba vadītāja docente, Dr. chem. Osīte A. Bakalaura darbs, 42 lappuses, 19 attēli, 4 tabulas, 46 literatūras avoti, 5 pielikumi. Latviešu valodā. Darbā ir apkopota informācija par hidroksilapatītu un peroksiapatītu uzbūvi, īpašībām, izmantošanu, iegūšanu un analīzes metodēm. Salīdzinātas atšķirīgu sintēžu priekšrocības un trūkumi. Eksperimentālajā daļā veiktas pilnīgi un daļēji ar stronciju aizvieto...

  3. 中成药乳疾消胶囊的显微鉴别研究%Microscopic Identification of Ru Ji Xiao Capsules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴军凯; 孙慧峰; 都晓伟; 郝巨祥

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To identify five Chinese medicinal herbs, Radix Curcumae, Rhizoma Curcumae, Radix Bupleuri, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Rhizoma Sparganii in Ru Ji Xiao Capsules. Methods;The Rhizoma Curcumae, Radix Bupleuri , Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Rhizoma Sparganii in Ru Ji Xiao Capsules were identified with biological microscope; The Radix Curcumae in Ru Ji Xiao Capsules was determined with the methods of volumetric analysis combined with microscopic quantitation according to the microscopic character, gelatinizing bolus of starch granule. Results;The microscopic features of Rhizoma Curcumae, Radix Bupleuri, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Rhizoma Sparganii were nonglandular hairs, fragments of oil ducts, grit cells, starch grains, respectively; When the number of gelatinizing bolus of starch granules ranged from 29.7 - 37.58, which showed that Radix Curcumae and other four herbs contained in the Ru Ji Xiao Capsules. Conclusion:The experiment showed that the method for identifying Radix Curcumae, Rhizoma Curcumae, Radix Bupleuri, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae and Rhizoma Sparganii in Ru Ji Xiao Capsules was reliable, convenient and with the benefit of less environmental contamination, which supplies the evidence to control the quality of the capsules.%目的:对乳痰消胶囊中温郁金、蓬莪术、北柴胡、丹参、黑三棱五味以原粉入药的中药材进行定性鉴别。方法:借助于生物显微镜,鉴别乳疾消胶囊中蓬莪术、北柴胡、丹参、黑三棱药材;以糊化淀粉粒团块为显微特征物,采用容量分析与显微定量相结合的方法对乳疾消胶囊中的温郁金进行定性鉴别。结果:确定了乳疾消胶囊中蓬莪术、北柴胡、丹参、黑三棱药材的显微鉴别特征分别为非腺毛、油管碎片、石细胞、淀粉粒;在此基础上,当每毫克乳疾消胶囊中所含糊化淀粉粒团块数为29.70~37.58个时,证明制剂中同时存在温郁金药材。结论

  4. Occurrence of Tibetan Migratory Locust: Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen%西藏飞蝗发生规律的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牙森·沙力; 高松; 学加热; 涂雄兵; 彭仕鼎; 薛志平; 张泽华

    2011-01-01

    In order to clarify the occurrence of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen in Jin Sha Jiang River Valley, we analyzed the life history and population dynamics of L. m. tibetensis Chen based on field data in 2007. Result showed that L. m. tibetensis Chen has one generation per year. Its eggs began hatching in mid-late of April with emergence as adults in mid July starting oviposition in mid August. Swarm of gregarious individuals in plot 1, plot 2 and plot 3, had large population density, then gradually decreased from end of June to first week of July. The population has small density in Plot 4. Growth and dynamics of L.m. tibetensis Chen have different characteristics in different habitat.%为阐明金沙江流域蝗区两藏飞蝗(Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen)发生规律,2007年夏季依据不同植物群落中西藏飞蝗年生活史和种群动态数据分析其发生规律.结果表明:西藏飞蝗在金沙江流域一年发生一代,4月中下旬开始孵化,7月上中旬开始羽化为成虫,8月中旬起进入产卵期.在样地1、样地2和样地3内西藏飞蝗以群居型个体为主,前期虫口密度高,到6月下旬至7月上旬逐渐降低;在样地4内虫口密度低,以散居型个体为主.生境对两藏飞蝗生长发育和消长动态有一定的影响.

  5. Screening for Internet Addiction: An Empirical Study on Cut-off Points for the Chen Internet Addiction Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Hung Ko

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to establish the optimal cut-off points of the Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS, to screen for and diagnose Internet addiction among adolescents in the community by using the well- established diagnostic criteria of Internet addiction. This survey of 454 adolescents used screening (57/58 and diagnostic (63/64 cut-off points of the CIAS, a self-reported instrument, based on the results of systematic diagnostic interviews by psychiatrists. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve revealed that CIAS has good diagnostic accuracy (89.6%. The screening cut-off point had high sensitivity (85.6% and the diagnostic cut-off point had the highest diagnostic accuracy, classifying 87.6% of participants correctly. Accordingly, the screening point of the CIAS could provide a screening function in two-stage diagnosis, and the diagnostic point could serve as a diagnostic criterion in one-stage massive epidemiologic research.

  6. Analysis of Chen Xiuyuan's Differential Treatment of Puerperal Disorders%陈修园辨治产后病探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔为

    2009-01-01

    This article summarizes Chen Xiuyuan's differential therapy for puerperal disorder. In response to the physiological and pathological characteristics of puer-peral disorders, the author advanced many points in treating the disease, including that the asthenia and sthenia of puerperal alternate chill and fever or postpartum lochia should be discriminated clearly, paying attention to spleen-stomach, removing blood stasis first, applying warm and supplement therapy simultaneously and purgative therapy shouldn't be applied to postpartum constipation ,etc.%总结陈修园关于产后疾病的辨治方法 ,针对产后生理、病理特性,提出对产后寒热、恶露等症,需明辨虚实、真假;治疗产后病证注重脾胃,以祛瘀为先,温补相兼,以及产后便秘不宜轻下等诸多临证要旨和观点.

  7. Comment on “Chen et al., Fabrication and photovoltaic conversion enhancement…”, Electrochimica Acta, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valentic, Lara; Gorji, Nima E.

    2015-09-01

    In a recent article, Chen et al. [Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 130: 279] presented their fabrication and characterization results on a graphene/n-Si solar cell where the Au nanoparticles were inserted in graphene to increase its optical and electrical properties. The higher efficiency of the device was attributed to increased conductivity of graphene after doping with Au nanoparticles. However, the knowledge in the field of Schottky diode solar cells relates this to increased band bending at the junction. Also, to explain the instability behaviour, they concluded that the growth of silicon oxide on the Si surface or oxygen adsorption on the window layer resulted in the device performance increasing initially and decreasing in the end. However, this instability seems to be due to variation in series resistance reduced at the beginning because of slightly lowered Fermi level and increased at the end by the self-compensation by deep in-diffusion of Au nanoparticles into n-Si layer. We also propose that inserting a very thin p-type layer at the junction will enhance the carrier collection and performance of this device.

  8. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franson, J. Christian; Hoffman, D.J.; Schmutz, J.A.

    2009-01-01

    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  9. Late-time evolution of cosmological models with fluids obeying a Shan-Chen-like equation of state

    CERN Document Server

    Bini, Donato; Geralico, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Classical as well as quantum features of the late-time evolution of cosmological models with fluids obeying a Shan-Chen-like equation of state are studied. The latter is of the type $p=w_{\\rm eff}(\\rho)\\,\\rho$, and has been used in previous works to describe, e.g., a possible scenario for the growth of the dark-energy content of the present Universe. At the classical level the fluid dynamics in a spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background implies the existence of two possible equilibrium solutions depending on the model parameters, associated with (asymptotic) finite pressure and energy density. We show that no future cosmological singularity is developed during the evolution for this specific model. The corresponding quantum effects in the late-time behavior of the system are also investigated within the framework of quantum geometrodynamics, i.e., by solving the (minisuperspace) Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, constructing wave-packets and analyzing their behavior.

  10. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franson, J Christian; Hoffman, David J; Schmutz, Joel A

    2009-06-01

    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  11. Le fictif et le réel dans L’Empereur et l’assassin de Chen Kaige

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaomin Giafferri

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Comme tout texte historique littéraire refait l’Histoire en la manipulant, le récit filmique est doublement mensongère du fait de sa double représentation : le décor et les acteurs représentent une situation qui est la fiction, et le film lui-même représente sous forme d’images juxtaposées cette première représentation. Sans vouloir faire la part du réel et de l’imaginaire, le présent travail tente de montrer comment, dans le film L’empereur et l’assassin de Chen Kaige, l’illusion de l’authenticité s’établit à travers les mécanismes de la fictionnalisation de l’Histoire. L’observation de leur manifestation est amenée à considérer deux axes principaux : l’organisation du récit et la mise en scène des personnages.

  12. Activation energy and R. Chen frequency factor in the Randall and Wilkins original equation for second order kinetics. Emission curve simulated in Microsoft Excel algebra; Energia de activacion y factor de frecuencia de R. Chen en la ecuacion original de Randall y Wilkins para cinetica de segundo orden. Curva de emision simulada en algebra de Microsoft Excel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreno M, A. [Departamento de Apoyo en Ciencias Aplicadas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, 4 Sur 104, Centro Historico, 72000 Puebla (Mexico); Moreno B, A

    2000-07-01

    In this work the incorporation of activation energy and frequency factor parameters proposed by R. Chen are presented in the original formulation of Randall and wilkins second order kinetics. The results concordance are compared between the calculus following the R. Chen methodology with those ones obtained by direct incorporation of the previously indicated in the Randall-Wilkins-Levy expression for a simulated thermoluminescent emission curve of two peaks with maximum peak temperature (tm): t m1=120 and t m2=190. (Author)

  13. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  14. Talk about training of the clinical thinking from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records%从杨继洲医案看临床思维的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏晓红; 胡玲

    2009-01-01

    To probe into training of the clinical thinking of the students of modern acupuncture and moxibustion speciality, analyze YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking of acupuncture and moxibustion from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records in Zhenjiu Dacheng. Results indicate that YANG Ji-zhou's many points of view in clinical acupuncture and moxibustion still can enlighten the train of thought of later generations, suggesting that YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking is of an important practical significance for training of the clinical thinking of the students of the acupuncture and moxibustion speciality.%探讨对现代针灸专业学生临床思维的培养.从杨继洲医案入手,对杨继洲针灸临床思维进行分析.结果表明杨继洲在针灸临床方面的许多观点仍能启迪后学思路.说明杨继洲临床思维对针灸专业学生临床思维的培养具有重要的现实意义.

  15. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  16. Interaction between traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in rats——In-Chen-How and acetaminophen%中西药相互作用研究:茵陈蒿与对乙酰氨基酚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽芳; 刘文德; 林双金; 梁永昌; 王慧瑜

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interaction effects of In-Chen-How (Artemisia capillaries Thunb.) on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen and on liver microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme activity in rats. The rats were divided into control group (n=8) without In-Chen-How and the pretreated group (n=8) administered with In-Chen-How (approximately 1.0 mL·kg-1, according to weight) for 5 consecutive days. Rats in the control group received water simultaneously. Each rat was then given acetaminophen. The pharmacokinetic parameters of acetaminophen of the two groups were significantly different. In the In-Chen-How pretreated group, the maximum concentration of acetaminophen and the area under the plasma concentration-time curve were reduced about 58.4%, 56.7% and 55.4%. To further explain the results, liver microsomal suspensions were obtained from rats that were randomly divided into control and In-Chen-How pretreated group. The levels of CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 in hepatic microsomal protein from pretreated group were increased as compared to that from the control group. It indicated that In-Chen-How can stimulate the activity of CYP isozymes. The changes in the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen resulting from the administration of In-Chen-How are related to an increase in metabolic activity of CYP1A2 and CYP2E1.

  17. Memory and endurance in the migration to the Amazon: the case of Nova Londrina in Ji-Parana, state of Rondonia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lediane Fani Felzke

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The occupation of Rondônia, from the 1970s, occurred in a disorganized way, since it attracted an amount of migrants which was much bigger than the settling projects could sustain. The aim of this research was to analyze the circumstances in which the district of Nova Londrina was settled, utilizing for this reason a bibliographic survey, as well as the Oral History method. The arrival in Nova Londrina, Ji-Paraná, was highlighted by conflicts between the settlers and the settling company Calama S/A. In spite of the company’s violence, the colonists resisted until there was an intervention from INCRA, through a land regularization program. In this context, the Urban Center for Rural Support (NUAR was implanted, intending to support the agricultural workers

  18. LIU Liang-jiˊs Experence in Treatmentof Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis%刘良徛治疗肺间质纤维化经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡李慧; 刘良徛

    2015-01-01

    Pulmonary interstitial fibrosis is the common clinical refractory disease of respiratory system.Professor LIU Liang-ji has his unique understand of the dtiology and pathogenesis and treatment of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis.Professor Liu has made great effect in treatment pulmonary interstitial fibrosis with his Wenfei Huaxian decoction.%肺间质纤维化是临床常见的难治性呼吸系统疾病,刘良徛教授对该病的病因病机及辨证治疗有独到的认识,临证自拟温肺化纤汤加减化裁治疗该病,取得较好疗效。

  19. Présentation et traduction d’extraits de Evropané / Les Européens de Jiří Adámek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Flock

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Je m’intéresse au théâtre qui, comme une bonne composition musicale, un poème ou un roman, a une forme et un style.PrésentationJiří Adámek (1977 appartient à la nouvelle génération des metteurs en scène tchèques. Diplômé du département de théâtre alternatif de la DAMU, il dénote dans le panorama théâtral pragois. Influencé par Georges Aperghis, Heiner Goebbels et Christoph Marthaler, il est en quelque sorte le pionnier tchèque du théâtre musical contemporain qu’il élabore tant par ses recher...

  20. 纪晓岚对新疆民族文化融合的观照--纪晓岚的新疆情结之二%Ji Xiaolans Observation and Reflection on the Nationalities Culture Integration of Sinkiang:the Second of Ji Xiaolans Complexes on Sinkiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树胜

    2015-01-01

    Ji Xiaolan has many close ties with Sinkiang in his lifetime.He objectively and vividly describes the cultural development achievements of Sinkiang.From the perspective of nationali-ties culture integration,he eulogized the unity of nations,and the unity of the state.%纪晓岚与新疆有不解之缘。他以客观生动的笔墨展现了新疆文化建设的丰硕成果,从民族文化大融合的角度歌颂了祖国的统一。

  1. Tua Ji Peh: The Intricacies of Liminality in the Deification of Chinese non-Buddhist Supernatural Beings in Chinese-Malaysian Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whitney Webb

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The pragmatic, responsive, and syncretic nature of popular Chinese religion is well known and is thought to result, in part, from the religion’s close connection to the fluxes of the social system in which its adherents live. These characteristics often result in considerable change when the social fabric is greatly disrupted, such as in the immigration of Chinese to new and unfamiliar places. This process of change is commonly seen among Chinese deities. Tua Peh大伯 and Ji Peh 二伯 (in Hokkien dialect “First Uncle” and “Second Uncle”, two ghostly deities of popular Chinese Malaysian religion, are understood to have an ambiguous status in the Chinese pantheon as they possess characteristics of both gods and ghosts. In China, these figures were simply part of the otherworldly bureaucracy of the hell realm with a very limited role and were worshipped infrequently. In the past 20 years, their worship has become extremely ubiquitous, with many shrines and temples proliferating. Now a variety of people come to them for wealth, for healings, and for protection. This coincides during a time in which the economic situation of Chinese Malaysians has become more difficult which parallels a significant rise in political tensions between Malays and non-Malays. This has caused a shift towards favorability in the deities’ reputation, the demographics of their worshippers, and the reasons patrons seek their assistance. Overall, the elevation of Tua Ji Peh seems to work towards lending legitimacy to those desperately seeking efficacious aid in a increasingly discriminatory and poltically unstable environment with harsher realities.

  2. Structural insight into DNA-assembled oligochromophores: crystallographic analysis of pyrene- and phenanthrene-modified DNA in complex with BpuJI endonuclease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Probst, Markus; Aeschimann, Walter; Chau, Thi T H; Langenegger, Simon M; Stocker, Achim; Häner, Robert

    2016-09-06

    The use of the DNA duplex as a supramolecular scaffold is an established approach for the assembly of chromophore aggregates. In the absence of detailed structural insight, the characterization of thus assembled oligochromophores is, today, largely based on solution-phase spectroscopy. Here, we describe the crystal structures of three DNA-organized chromophore aggregates. DNA hybrids containing non-nucleosidic pyrene and phenanthrene building blocks were co-crystallized with the recently described binding domain of the restriction enzyme BpuJI. Crystal structures of these complexes were determined at 2.7, 1.9 and 1.6 Å resolutions. The structures reveal aromatic stacking interactions between pyrene and/or phenanthrene units within the framework of the B-DNA duplex. In hybrids containing a single modification in each DNA strand near the end of the duplex, the two polyaromatic hydrocarbons are engaged in a face-to-face stacking orientation. Due to crystal packing and steric effects, the terminal GC base pair is disrupted in all three crystal structures, which results in a non-perfect stacking arrangement of the aromatic chromophores in two of the structures. In a hybrid containing a total of three pyrenes, crystal lattice induced end-to-end stacking of individual DNA duplexes leads to the formation of an extended aromatic π-stack containing four co-axially arranged pyrenes. The aromatic planes of the stacked pyrenes are oriented in a parallel way. The study demonstrates the value of co-crystallization of chemically modified DNA with the recombinant binding domain of the restriction enzyme BpuJI for obtaining detailed structural insight into DNA-assembled oligochromophores.

  3. Chemical display of pyrimidine bases flipped out by modification-dependent restriction endonucleases of MspJI and PvuRts1I families.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelina Zagorskaitė

    Full Text Available The epigenetic DNA modifications 5-methylcytosine (5mC and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC in eukaryotes are recognized either in the context of double-stranded DNA (e.g., by the methyl-CpG binding domain of MeCP2, or in the flipped-out state (e.g., by the SRA domain of UHRF1. The SRA-like domains and the base-flipping mechanism for 5(hmC recognition are also shared by the recently discovered prokaryotic modification-dependent endonucleases of the MspJI and PvuRts1I families. Since the mechanism of modified cytosine recognition by many potential eukaryotic and prokaryotic 5(hmC "readers" is still unknown, a fast solution based method for the detection of extrahelical 5(hmC would be very useful. In the present study we tested base-flipping by MspJI- and PvuRts1I-like restriction enzymes using several solution-based methods, including fluorescence measurements of the cytosine analog pyrrolocytosine and chemical modification of extrahelical pyrimidines with chloroacetaldehyde and KMnO4. We find that only KMnO4 proved an efficient probe for the positive display of flipped out pyrimidines, albeit the method required either non-physiological pH (4.3 or a substitution of the target cytosine with thymine. Our results imply that DNA recognition mechanism of 5(hmC binding proteins should be tested using a combination of all available methods, as the lack of a positive signal in some assays does not exclude the base flipping mechanism.

  4. Redescription of Trypanosoma ophiocephali Chen 1964 (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatina: Trypanosomatidae) and first record from the blood of dark sleeper (Odontobutis obscura Temminck and Schlegel) in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Zemao; Wang, Jianguo; Zhang, Jinyong; Gong, Xiaoning

    2006-12-01

    During the parasite fauna investigation within 2004 and 2005, the freshwater fish trypanosomes were isolated from the blood of dark sleeper (Odontobutis obscura Temminck and Schlegel) and snakehead fish (Ophiocephalus argus Cantor) from Niushan Lake, Hubei Province, China. Blood trypomastigotes were used for light microscopy investigations. The detailed descriptions of three morphological groups of the genus Trypanosoma: Trypanosoma sp. I and Trypanosoma sp. II found in blood of O. obscura, and Trypanosoma sp. III found in blood of O. argus were provided. Morphological features and host species show Trypanosoma sp. III belong to Trypanosoma ophiocephali Chen 1964, an incompletely described species. Infection with trypanosomes of O. obscura was recorded for the first time. According to the size and appearance, the trypanosomes in O. obscura were also tentatively identified as T. ophiocephali Chen 1964.

  5. A NEW SPECIES OF GENUS LIPROMELA CHEN, FROM CHINA (CHRYSOMELIDAE, ALTICINAE)%九行跳甲属及一新种(叶甲科,跳甲亚科)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王书永; 葛斯琴; 崔俊芝; 李文柱; 杨星科

    2009-01-01

    记述叶甲科跳甲亚科九行跳甲属Lpromela Chen及1新种.新种产自中国海南省吊罗山.该属系Chen于1933年建立,模式种为L.costata Chen,产自日本.该属此前已知4种,L.okinawana Chujo及L.mi砌nutissima(Pic)等2种分布于日本,L.formosana Ohno记录于中国台湾,L.bupipennis Chen et Wang 记录于中国广西,连同本文一新种L.decemaculata Wang et Ge,sp.nov.本属迄今已知5种.其分布区限于亚洲东南部,其生物学尚属未知.

  6. 陈云与三年困难时期的救灾工作%Chen Yun and the Relief Work in the Period of Three Difficult Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚长风; 刘春

    2012-01-01

    由于政策失误以及自然灾害等原因,1959年—1961年(三年困难时期),我国发生严重灾荒。1958年,陈云因为领导"反冒进",曾受到严厉批判,处境艰难。在灾荒早期,陈云就出现的问题,采取力所能及的措施,力求把损失降低到最低限度。当灾荒全面暴露以后,陈云把缓解灾情、安排好人民生活作为自己在这一时期的主要工作。为此,陈云提出了一系列救灾措施。主要有:紧急进口粮食、精简城镇人口、救济城镇人口、调整党的农村政策等。%As a result of policy failures and natural disasters,severe famine occurred in China from 1959 to 1961,i.e.,the Period of Three Difficult Years.Severely criticized,Chen Yun got into extreme difficulty in 1958,resulted from his leading role in the Opposing-Rash-Advance issue.In the early phase of the famine,Chen Yun strived to reduce the loss to the minimal level by expending best efforts.When the famine had widely spread out of control,Chen Yun focused his responsibility on the famine relief and maintenance of people's livelihood.For this purpose,Chen Yun put forward a series of relief measures,including emergency food importation,streamlining urban population,relieving urban residents,and adjusting the Party's rural policy, etc.

  7. La scission et le développement dans la tradition de l ’écriture féminine de Chen Ran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yueguang fr

    2014-01-01

    Le roman de Chen Ran陈染Siren shenghuo 私人生活 (La vie privée) constitue la vie d'une jeune femme, Ni Ni-uniu, qui vivait dans une métropole chinoise dans une époque de grands changements. Chen Ran a dévoilé la propre expérience de sa vie intime pour concrétiser son image de soi et d’autrui, son style de narration de la vie avec sa volonté et sa logique, pour établir les paroles féminines.   Chen Ran est une écrivaine singulière et importante dans la littérature contemporaine, elle nous a fourni une ressource spiri-tuelle riche pour le développement de la littérature féminine du XXe siècle par ses nombreuses écritures d’exploration des expéri-ences psychologiques spécifiques, féminines, qui représentent le modernisme.   Pendant ces dernières années, son œuvre s’est orientée de plus en plus vers le psychologique et le philosophique en ex-plorant la solitude, l'amour sexuel et la vie humaine. Chen Ran exprime la solitude et la tristesse des personnages par son écriture parfaite qui rend toute la beauté de la tristesse profonde. La trist-esse qu’elle a exprimée n’est pas de simples expériences ou émo-tions personnelles, mais de la recherche et de l’interrogation pro-fonde vers l’identité du « je » et de l’« autre ».

  8. Separable quantum states do not have stronger correlations than local realism A comment on quant-ph/0611126 of Z. Chen

    CERN Document Server

    Seevinck, M

    2007-01-01

    Chen (quant-ph/0611126) has recently claimed ``exponential violation of local realism by separable states", in the sense that multi-partite separable quantum states are supposed to give rise to correlations and fluctuations that violate a Bell-type inequality that Chen takes to be satisfied by local realism. However, this can not be true since all predictions (including all correlations and fluctuations) that separable quantum states give rise to have a local realistic description and thus satisfy all Bell-type inequalities, and this holds for all number of parties. Since Chen claims otherwise by presenting a new inequality, claimed to be a Bell-type one, which separable states supposedly can violate, there must be a flaw in the argumentation. I will expose this flaw, not merely for clarification of this issue, but perhaps even more importantly since it re-teaches us an old lesson John Bell taught us over 40 years ago. I will argue that this lesson provides us with a new morale especially relevant to modern r...

  9. 陈寅恪的中古文化情结%Chen Yinke's Cultural Complex of Medieval Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺根民

    2016-01-01

    陈寅恪拳拳服膺中华文化传统,毅然以发扬中国文化为职志,接续学脉而不懈奉献,藉以中古文史研究,振兴传统文化,唤起国人对民族文化传统的关注,彰显了文化救国的巨大能量。陈寅恪贴近文化生态,就宗教和语言切入,由点及面,挖掘中古文化的现代质素。他的中古文化书写开一代学术风气,拓宽了民国文人重新体认历史、感悟传统的文化途径。他坚持独立精神和自由思想,不受世务干扰,为民国文化重建提供一个重要向度,推动了民国学术的现代转型。%Chen Yinke was committed to Chinese cultural tradition, and decided to spread and promote Chinese culture as his responsibility resolutely. He studied medieval literature and history, in order to promote the traditional culture, aroused people's attention to national culture, which demonstrated his persistent commitment and enormous energy of saving the nation. He kept close to the ecological culture, excavated the medieval culture of modern quality from different perspectives. His writing on ancient culture started new academic atmosphere, which expanded the literati's knowledge and experience of Chinese history and tradition. He was committed to the spirit of independence and freedom of thoughts, which provided an important direction for the cultural reconstruction and promoted modern academic transformation.

  10. On CHEN Ziang’s Frontier Fortress Poems%论陈子昂的边塞诗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵洪奎

    2016-01-01

    CHEN Ziang’s frontier fortress poems,in terms of the thought content,express the lofty aspirations and great ideals of going to the frontier and resisting the enemy,rendering meritorious service and dedicating himself to the service of his country.What’s more,the poems express the grief and indignation of his lofty aspirations unrealized,tell the political stand of strengthening frontier defence and opposing war like,describe the magnificent and wild frontier fortress scene. In art, these poems have solemn and stirring sentimentalism and spectacularity.The thread of ideas in writing sweeps through the length and breadth of the poem and the use of language are strong, simple and unadorned. They play an important place in the frontier fortress poems of the Tang Dynasty.%陈子昂的边塞诗,在思想内容上,表达赴边御敌、立功报国的雄心壮志,抒发怀才不遇、壮志难酬的悲苦忧愤,诉说加强边防、反对黩武的政治主张,描写雄伟壮观、荒凉苦寒的边塞风光;在艺术创作上,情调慷慨悲壮,气象苍凉雄浑,诗思纵横驰骋,语言刚健质朴,在唐朝边塞诗中占有重要地位。

  11. Yin-Chen-Hao Tang Attenuates Severe Acute Pancreatitis in Rat: An Experimental Verification of In silico Network Target Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Hong; Wang, Guijun; Qu, Jialin; Xia, Shilin; Tao, Xufeng; Qi, Bing; Zhang, Qingkai; Shang, Dong

    2016-01-01

    Yin-Chen-Hao Tang (YCHT) is a classical Chinese medicine compound that has a long history of clinical use in China for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, the efficacy and mechanisms of YCHT for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) are not known. The current study investigated the pharmacological properties of YCHT against SAP and its underlying mechanisms. A computational prediction of potential targets of YCHT was initially established based on a network pharmacology simulation. The model suggested that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by apoptosis inducement, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation and blood lipid regulation. These effects were validated in SAP rats. YCHT administration produced the following results: (1) significantly inhibited the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and protected pancreatic tissue; (2) obviously increased the number of in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and induced apoptosis; (3) markedly inhibited neutrophil infiltration to the impaired pancreas and reduced the inflammatory reaction; (4) notably enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the nitric oxide synthase levels; (5) significantly reduced the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein and increased high-density lipoprotein; and (6) significantly up-regulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and down-regulated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). In summary, these results demonstrated that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by inducing apoptosis, repressing inflammation, alleviating oxidative stress and regulating lipid metabolism partially via regulation of the NF-κB/PPARγ signal pathway. PMID:27790147

  12. Festparolado de Chen Yuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Estas granda fojo por mi gratuli la oran jubileon de "E1 Popola Cinio". Permesu al mi paroli unue Esperante kaj poste nacilingve por esprimi miajn korajn bondezirojn al la gastoj, venintaj de malproksime por festi kune kun ni la jubileon. Cetere, mi faras tion por montri al la publiko, ke la artefarita lingvo Esperanto estas la plej efika komunikilo, gi povas esprimi cian penson kaj cian senton de la homa socio.

  13. Application Exploration of JiTT Model in the Medical Chemistry Experi-mental Teaching--- Taking the Measurement of Optimal pH of Salivary Amylase as an Example%JiTT模式在医学化学实验教学中的应用初探--以唾液淀粉酶最适pH的测定为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晶; 李淑艳; 张春晶; 高涵

    2016-01-01

    The paper introduces the application of JiTT model in the medical chemistry experimental teaching in different majors, organically combines the learning task in the network environment and student-centered classroom teaching, and ex-plains this teaching model by the experimental purpose, principle, method, procedure and problems possibly occurring in the experiment and considerations of design-type experimental case--measurement of optimal pH of salivary amylase, which contributes to strengthening the learning initiative of students and cultivating the innovation and study abilities of stu-dents.%文章介绍了JiTT(适时教学)模式在我校不同专业的医学化学实验教学中的应用,并将网络环境下的学习任务和学生为主体的课堂教学有机结合,以设计性实验案例---“唾液淀粉酶最适pH值的测定”实验目的、原理、方法、步骤、实验中可能出现的问题及注意事项等诠释该教学模式,有助于增强学生学习主动性和培养学生创新与探究的能力。

  14. 6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

  15. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  16. 21 October 2008 - LHC Inauguration - IHEP Beijing representative Prof. Chen, People's Republic of China, welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Aymar, CERN Chief Scientific Officer J. Engelen and CERN Financial Officer S. Lettow.

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Photo Service

    2008-01-01

    21 October 2008 - LHC Inauguration - IHEP Beijing representative Prof. Chen, People's Republic of China, welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Aymar, CERN Chief Scientific Officer J. Engelen and CERN Financial Officer S. Lettow.

  17. Chen Jingshen: My "Clipper Memories"%陈敬莘:我的“克利伯记忆”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敬刚

    2012-01-01

    2005年,以青岛城市命名的“青岛号”大帆船首次加入克利伯环球帆船赛,开创了青岛借帆船运动走向世界的先河。青岛至今4度成为克利伯环球帆船赛分赛站,并与克利伯英方组委会续签2013/14、2015/16赛季青岛站,成为全球惟一克利伯环球帆船赛6届的停靠港。眼下,2013-2014克利伯环球帆船赛“青岛号”中国籍船员选拔活动经过激烈角逐,终于从中选出9名中国籍船员,他们将代表青岛登上克利伯“青岛号”参加2013-2014赛季的比赛。%In 2006, the 2005-2006 Clipper Round the World Yacht Race landed in China for the first time. Qingdao was the only port of call for the Clipper Race in China. In 2007, the "Qingdao", which was named after the city of Qingdao, pafticipatecl for the first ~me in the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race. Thus far, Qingdao has been chosen four times as a racing leg of the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race and has signed agreement with the Clipper British Organizing Committee for the 2013/14 and 2015/16 season. So Qingdao will become the only city in the world to provide harboring for the Clipper Race six times. Currently, the selection of the Chinese crew for the "Qingdao" yacht is in full swing. At this exciting moment, Chen ,Jingshen, who has served as Chairman of Qingdao Sports Associations and Assistant Chairman of the Olympic Sailing Committee, feels every excited. He recalled two days in Liverpool six year ago, which is the time that he will never forget all his life.

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: LAMOST survey of star clusters in M31. II. (Chen+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, B.; Liu, X.; Xiang, M.; Yuan, H.; Huang, Y.; Shi, J.; Fan, Z.; Huo, Z.; Wang, C.; Ren, J.; Tian, Z.; Zhang, H.; Liu, G.; Cao, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Hou, Y.; Wang, Y.

    2016-09-01

    We select a sample of 306 massive star clusters observed with the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) in the vicinity fields of M31 and M33. Massive clusters in our sample are all selected from the catalog presented in Paper I (Chen et al. 2015, Cat. J/other/RAA/15.1392), including five newly discovered clusters selected with the SDSS photometry, three newly confirmed, and 298 previously known clusters from Revised Bologna Catalogue (RBC; Galleti et al. 2012, Cat. V/143; http://www.bo.astro.it/M31/). Since then another two objects, B341 and B207, have also been observed with LAMOST, and they are included in the current analysis. The current sample does not include those listed in Paper I but is selected from Johnson et al. 2012 (Cat. J/ApJ/752/95) since most of them are young but not so massive. All objects are observed with LAMOST between 2011 September and 2014 June. Table1 lists the name, position, and radial velocity of all sample clusters analyzed in the current work. The LAMOST spectra cover the wavelength range 3700-9000Å at a resolving power of R~1800. Details about the observations and data reduction can be found in Paper I. The median signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) per pixel at 4750 and 7450Å of spectra of all clusters in the current sample are, respectively, 14 and 37. Essentially all spectra have S/N(4750Å)>5 except for the spectra of 18 clusters. The latter have S/N(7540Å)>10. Peacock et al. 2010 (Cat. J/MNRAS/402/803) retrieved images of M31 star clusters and candidates from the SDSS archive and extracted ugriz aperture photometric magnitudes from those objects using the SExtractor. They present a catalog containing homogeneous ugriz photometry of 572 star clusters and 373 candidates. Among them, 299 clusters are in our sample. (2 data files).

  19. 《古今图书集成》医学思想研究%Study on Medical Thoughts inGu Jin Tu Shu Ji Cheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨威; 阎卫红; 余丞浩; 于峥

    2016-01-01

    Gu Jin Tu Shu Ji Cheng is a large-scale reference book in the Qing Dynasty, which is known as the ancient "Encyclopedia of China". Its content of traditional Chinese medicine is rich. Gu Jin Tu Shu Ji Cheng Yi Bu Quan Lu quoted over 120 ancient medical books covering principles of medical science, the four methods of diagnosis, clinical departments, and medical records. Other compilations and scriptures also include large amounts of medical content. The books are widely cited and precious. The contents of this book are selected finely, incorporate things of diverse nature, include large numbers of classics, and conduct clarification, with a purpose to search and retrieve; the contents also pay attention to the clinical practice, pay equal attention to the four methods of diagnosis, refer to syndrome differentiation and treatment, and include methodology and discussion, with unique views and clear logic, which can help readers’ learning.%《古今图书集成》系清代大型类书,被誉为古代“中国百科全书”,书中医学内容丰富。其中,《古今图书集成·医部全录》征引历代重要医籍120余种,涵盖医理、四诊、临床各科、医药纪事等;其他汇编、典部也有大量与医学相关的内容,征引广泛,弥足珍贵。书中对收录医学内容挑选精细,兼收并蓄,经典赅备,分门别类,便于检索阅读;重视临床实用,四诊并重,证治相参,方论俱备,观点独到,条理清晰,便于读者学习。

  20. 从《西游记》的翻译看李提摩太的宗教理想%From Xi You Ji to a Mission to Heaven:A Review on Timothy Richard’ s Translation of Xi You Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于怀瑾

    2014-01-01

    晚清基督新教传教士李提摩太最早将《西游记》较为完整地介绍到西方世界。在宗教对话成全模式之下,李提摩太虽然对以大乘佛教为代表的中国宗教表现出更加宽容的气度,但他仍然坚持基督教信仰的优越性,故而其翻译也都打上了深刻的基督教烙印。作为李氏唯一的一部文学译著,《西游记》在某种程度上代表了李提摩太一生的宗教理想,这无论从他翻译《西游记》的动机和意图,还是从他对《西游记》作者丘处机的认识与推崇上都可见一斑。虽然他始终站在基督教立场上阐发《西游记》的文学价值和宗教文化意义,但他的这种努力,无疑对西方世界理解和关注中国,促进东西方文化交流都发挥了有力的推动作用。%Timothy Richard, as a protestant missionary, was the first one who completely introduced Xi You Ji into the western world.Influenced by the Fulfillment Model of religious dialogue and the insistence of Christian superiority, his translation is characterized by remarkable Christianization.As the sole liter-ary translation of his life, Xi You Ji in some extant embodies Timothy Richard’ s religious pursuit in Chi-na, which could be recognized by his motivation and intention of translating and his admiration for Qi-uChuji, the writer of Xi You Ji in legend.Although he put himself in the position of Christianism to esti-mate this work’ s literary value and cultural meaning, his endeavor undoubtedly attracted Western eyes on China, refreshed their old impression of this mystic country, and furthermore prompted the cultural ex-change and communication between the West and China.

  1. On Music is Irrelevant to Grief or Joy-Analysis of Ji Kang' Music Aesthetics%从《声无哀乐论》看嵇康的音乐美学思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡莉

    2009-01-01

    Ji Kang is a well-known music critic lived during Wei and Jin Dynasties.His Music is Irrelevant to Grief or Joy is a monograph of music aesthetics in the ancient history of China.The arguments of JiKang has significant impact on the study of the music aesthetics.It has a very important and far-reaching significance in the research field of the contemporary Chinese music Aesthetics.%嵇康是中国古代音乐美学史上的一位划时代的人物,他的是我国古代史上,除外,一篇思想自成体系的音乐美学专著,在当今中国音乐美学研究领域中有着十分重要而深远的意义.

  2. Problems and Suggestions on the Development of Tea-oil Tree Industry in Ji'an City%吉安市油茶产业发展存在的问题与建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎志强

    2014-01-01

    发展油茶产业对于促进全市社会主义新农村建设、构建资源节约型和环境友好型社会、建设生态文明具有十分重要的意义。就油茶产业发展存在的问题进行分析,并提出解决办法及发展建议。%Developing the tea-oil tree industry has very important significance for Ji'an city to building new socialist countryside, building a resource conserving and environment friendly society, building the ecological civilization. This article analyzes the existing problems of the development of tea-oil tree industry in Ji'an city, then puts forward the solutions and development suggestions.

  3. A New Probe into Chen Duxiu' s Theory of "Second Revolution"%陈独秀的“二次革命论”再评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢和明

    2012-01-01

    The theory of "second revolution" was put forward by Chen Duxiu with regard to the developmental stages of Chinese revolution and produced a positive effect at the beginning. However, Chen Duxiu lacked a dialectical understanding of Marxism and committed the error of mechanical materialism in the application of Marxist tenets for solving the practical problems in China, in which was rooted his theory of "second revolution. " It was correct for Chen Duxiu to advocate utilizing the positive aspect of capitalism for creating necessary material conditions for socialism but he was wrong to think that it was impossible for China to skip the developmental stage of capitalism.%“二次革命论”是陈独秀关于中国革命发展阶段的理论,这一理论在形成初期曾产生过积极作用。但是,陈独秀没有辩证地理解马克思主义,在运用马克思主义原理解决中国实际问题时犯了机械唯物论的错误,这是“二次革命论”产生的真正根源。陈独秀主张利用资本主义的积极作用,为社会主义创造必要的物质条件,这是值得肯定的,但他认为中国不能超越资本主义发展阶段则是错误的。

  4. The Thought of CHEN Xingju and Its Practice in Education and Enlightenment%陈星聚的教化思想及实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志坚

    2013-01-01

    教化是我国传统官吏治理地方的基本措施。陈星聚曾长期担任地方官吏,注意对地方的教化是他治理各地的重要特点,长期亲身实践并形成了丰富的教化思想。陈星聚的教化思想及实践主要体现在发展教育、倡导德治、举办慈善、亲民为民和处理教案等方面。陈星聚的教化思想及实践构成了其治理地方的重要内容,也是影响其历史地位的重要因素。它有利于儒家文化在台湾的普及和深入,从而加强了台湾与大陆联系的紧密性,在当时的时代条件下,具有重要的历史意义。%Civilizing the local people was an important characteristic of CHEN Xingju when he was governing various regions .CHEN Xingju’ s thought and its practice are mainly embodies in developing education , advocating virtue , holding charity activities , loving people, working for people, processing civilizing cases and other aspect .CHEN Xingju’ s thought and its practice contribute the key content of his governance of various regions , and they are significant factors affecting his place in history .It is beneficial to the popular-ization and development of Confucian culture in Taiwan , thereby strengthening the ties between Taiwan and the mainland .Under the condition of that time , it has a great historical significance .

  5. Impact of Urban Heat Island Effect on High Temperature in Summer-A Case of Ji'ning City%城市热岛效应对夏季高温的影响--以济宁市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓默; 董宁; 杨何著; 李莉

    2013-01-01

    With the globle warming development and propulsion of urbanization , the urban high temperature disaster in summer is becoming evident.In this paper, taking Ji'ning City as an example, the high temperature characters in summer and impact of urban heat island effect on high temperature disaster were analyzed.The results showed that the high temperature in summer of Ji'ning had the characters of wide range , more days and evident difference in years and months, the strength of extreme high temperature events and urban heat island effect in Ji'ning had evident character of increase, the high temperature in Ji'ning was mainly affected by urban heat island effect on the day, which was mainly occured in late spring and early summer , and the effect was more than 10%.%随着全球变暖趋势的加剧以及城市化的快速推进,城市夏季高温的危害越来越受到人们的重视。分析了济宁夏季高温特征及其城市热岛效应对高温灾害的影响。结果表明:济宁夏季高温期日数多、范围广,年、月际变化特征明显;极端高温事件强度和城市热岛效应明显增强;济宁城市高温主要受白天热岛效应的影响,且影响主要集中于春末夏初,作用超过10%。

  6. Study on Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution Subject Novels%陈若曦文革题材小说研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤作勇

    2016-01-01

    陈若曦的文革题材小说取得了独特的成就。首先,表现在对文革生存经验的日常化呈现上,这样的叙述策略使得陈若曦的文革小说创作有效地摆脱了各式意识形态的形塑,取得了一种经验性叙述的特质;其次,表现在老人题材与传统道德主题的设定上。陈若曦文革小说中的老人形象所表现出的隐忍、宽容等传统道德规范成为在一个暴力充斥的年代里中华民族维系的最后希望所在;最后,表现在一种高度理性化的叙述模式上。陈若曦在其文革小说中坚持一种“知识分子反省”的写作立场,建构了一种高度理性化的叙述模式。%Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution subject novels made a unique achievement. First of all, it lies in daily presentation about the survival experience of the Cultural Revolution. This narrative strategy makes Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution novels effectively get rid of all kinds of ideology, and obtains the trait of experiential narration. Secondly, it lies in the setting of the old man subject and the traditional moral theme. The traditional moral norms such as tolerance and forbear the old man image of Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution subject novels showing become the last hope of the Chinese nation sustaining in a period of violence. Finally, it lies in a highly rational narrative mode. Chen Ruoxi insisted on a kind of “intellectual reflection”writing position in his cultural revolution novels, constructs a highly rational narrative model.

  7. Domestic Business Recruitment, Efficient in Selection and Services——Interview with Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The management and services of participating companies is very important in the whole process of Partenariat, including in the phase of business recruitment. Within the 2-day Partenariat, around 5000 rounds of face to face exclusive business talks will be arranged between over 500 host companies and over 400 visiting companies, each round is only of 25 minutes. How can we help companies improve efficiency? The following is an interview between China's Foreign Trade and Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group of the Partenariat Executive Commission.

  8. Modeling study of PM2.5 pollutant transport across cities in China's Jing–Jin–Ji region during a severe haze episode in December 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Jiang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available To study the influence of particulate matter (PM transported from surrounding regions on the high PM2.5 pollution levels in Beijing, the GRAPES-CUACE model was used to simulate a serious haze episode that occurred on 6–7 December 2013. The results demonstrate the model's suitability for describing haze episodes throughout China, especially in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (Jing–Jin–Ji region. A very close positive correlation was found between the southerly wind speed over the plain to the south of Beijing and changes in PM2.5 in Beijing, both reaching maximum values at ca. 900 hPa, suggesting the lower atmosphere was the principal layer for pollutant PM transport from its southern neighboring region to Beijing. During haze episodes, and dependent upon the period, Beijing was either a pollution source or sink for its surrounding area. PM input from Beijing's environs was much higher than the output from the city, resulting in the most serious pollution episode, with the highest PM2.5 values occurring from 00:00 to 10:00 UTC 7 December 2013. PM pollutants from the environs of the city accounted for over 50% of the maximum PM2.5 values reached in Beijing. At other times, the Beijing area was a net contributor to pollution in its environs.

  9. 唐代古文学家独孤及与佛学北宗%DUGU Ji and the Northern School of Chan Buddhism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭树伟

    2011-01-01

    Dugu Ji was a Mid-dynasty's Tang Dynasty politicians and writers.He disseminated Confucianism as his own mission.He believed the north wing zen and showed a very high Buddhism attainments.He tried analog Zen and Confucianism,his work has significant history of ideas.%独孤及是中唐时期著名的政治家、文学家,其散文创作是中唐韩柳古文运动的先驱。作为以弘扬儒道为己任的古文家,其思想的主体是儒家思想,同时他又信仰禅宗北宗,对佛学思想研究表现出浓厚的兴趣和很高的佛学造诣。他尝试类比禅宗北宗和儒学之间关系的努力具有思想史意义。

  10. An Survey of the Hui Chen You's Family During the Ming Dynasty%明朝回回人陈友家族考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮

    2012-01-01

    有明一代,涌现出一大批著名的回回军事家、政治家、外交家等等,他们对明朝的巩固与发展作出了巨大贡献和牺牲。"西域回回"陈友以出使起家,后因军功封为世爵,成为明朝回回人当中的标志性人物。对陈友个人及其家族成员的事迹考述,对研究明代回回人的历史活动以及历史作用有重要的价值。%During the Ming dynasty, there emerged many notable Hui militarists, politicians and diplomats who made a number of contributions at personal sacrifice in order to further the consolidation and development of the country. As a Serindia Hui, Chen You got his start from a career as a diplomat and was offered a marquis title on the basis of his military exploits. During the Ming Dynasty, he became an iconic figure amongst the Hui. Through this historical survey of Chen You and his family, we see the significant value he has with regard towards the histori- cal activity and influence of the Hui during the Ming dynasty.

  11. 舒尔通合剂止吐和抑制食管上皮增生实验的研究%Study of Prevent Vomiting and Esophageal Epithelial Hyperplasia Inhibition Effect of Shu Er Tong He Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉花; 叶延程; 李少海; 王学满; 付婷

    2013-01-01

    目的 观察舒尔通合剂止吐、对食管上皮增生的作用.方法 家鸽静脉注射硫酸铜制作呕吐动物模型,舒尔通灌胃后观察药物防止呕吐的作用;手术方法制作大鼠食管反流模型,应用滴灌到胃的给药方法观察对大鼠食管上皮组织增生的影响.结果 舒尔通合剂能对抗硫酸铜引起的家鸽的呕吐,与对照组比较呕吐次数及呕吐潜伏时间差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);HE染色显示舒尔通合剂能减少由于食管反流引起的上皮损伤.结论 舒尔通合剂具有防止呕吐的作用,并能明显改善食管上皮由于反流造成的组织损伤.%OBJECTIVE To observe the role of the Shu Er Tong He Ji in preventing vomiting and inhibiting of esophageal epithelial hyperplasia. METHODS Vomiting animal model was established by CuSO4 intraveneus injection in pigeon. The vomiting precent role was observed by drip delivery of Shu Er Tong He Ji. Rats esophaged reflux model was produced by operation. The influence of drug on epithelial tissue hyperplasia was observed by drip irrigation. RESULTS The Shu Er Tong He Ji could relieve the vomit caused by CuSO4, it has significant difference compared with control group on the frequency of vomiting and vomiting latent time (P<0.01); Hematoxylin eosin(HE) staining showed that The Shu Er Tong He Ji can reduce the epithelial damage cause by esophageal reflux. CONCLUSION The Shu Er Tong He Ji might prevent vomiting and improve the esophageal epithelium due to tissue damage caused by the reflux.

  12. 唐代首位宗陶诗人王绩评略%The Slight Judgment for Wang Ji, the First Poet with Zongtao Style in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪志明

    2012-01-01

    Wang Ji, who is Wang Bo's grandfather's brother and one of the four celebrates in the early Tang dynasty, was ignored for long time by the researchers when they were researching and criticizing the Tao Yuanming's works. According to his poetries, researchers found out that Wang's descendants took Tao's style as their example. He asserted that they like Tao Yuanming, and was drinking with Tao. And they imitate Tao's ac- tions step by step. His literal real emotion and his honest words are in accord with Tao's poetic style. He con- tributed to pastoral poetic style a lot by his poetic higher - leveled state and vivid twenty words with four - lined five -charactered poem. Especially, he reflected the pastoral life by five -charactered poem. The person who could achieve this is Wang Ji who was the first person of Tang dynasty. He made a bridge for Tao Yuanming, Wang Wei, and Meng Haoran. That point should be drawn more attention when we criticize the poems of pasto- ral style in Tang dynasty.%长期以来,研究家在对唐代祖述陶渊明诗作之辈的评析中,忽略了一位极不应忽略的人物。他就是初唐四杰之一王勃的从祖王绩。从其创作的诗文看,王氏乃将陶渊明引为同调,并将其作为效法榜样。他不独明言“尝爱陶渊明”,更以“渊明对酒,非礼义能拘”自况,并亦步亦趋地仿效陶渊明的诸种之为。其诗作,情感之真挚,语言之质朴,与陶渊明“真率自然”之风显系一脉相承。他将陶诗的意境,生动表现于五绝的寥寥二十字之中,对田园诗发展做出了贡献。特别是用五律反映田园生活,王绩更属唐代第一人。他以自己的创作,架起了从陶渊明到王维、孟浩然间的一座桥梁,今后在评述唐代山水田园诗时,对此应予以足够注意。

  13. Thoughts on Process Design of Ji'nan West Wheel Axle Workshop%济南西轮轴车间工艺设计思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵勇

    2012-01-01

    This paper, according to the relevant design contents of wheel axle workshop of Ji'nan West Rolling Stock Depot, investigates comprehensively the whole maintenance process and the equipment configuration of wheel axle's overhaul, from several aspects such as the function partitioning of inspection and repair depots, wheelset-input inspection , wheelset-export inspection, mechanical processing of wheel axle, HMIS system and so on. Moreover, the paper introduces emphatically the working principle, main features and the related functions about the process line which consists of the loading and unloading robot, axle transmission line, wheel transmission line, and the press-fit units. In addition, this paper summarizes the entire maintenance process in relation to the wheel axle's automation and process line's maintenance, with a view to provide reference for wheel axle repair design of other projects.%根据济南西车辆段轮轴车间设计相关内容,从轮轴检修库房工艺功能划分、轮对收入检查部分、轮对支出检查部分、车轴轮片机械加工部分、HMIS系统等几个方面入手,全面探讨轮轴大修的整个检修工艺流程和设备配置情况,并着重介绍上下料机械手、车轴输送线、车轮输送线和压装单元组成的工艺流水线的工作原理、主要特点和相关功能.总结轮轴自动化、流水线检修的整个检修工艺流程,可为其他工程轮轴检修设计提供参考依据.

  14. 苍雪大和尚《南来堂集》辑佚∗%Poems by Monk Cangxue Not Collected in Nan Lai Tang Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王启元

    2014-01-01

    Cangxue Duche ( 1588-1656 ) composed some of the best poems among monks in the late Ming Dynasty. His poems, however, had long been circulating in hand-written copies until Nan Lai Tang Ji –Collected Poems by Master Cangxue, the best of his collected works edited by Wang Peisun, came in-to being in the era of the Republic of China ( 1912-1949 ) . By reading collected works of the contempora-ry monks of Cangxue, the present author has identified some other poems and essays not included in the a-bove mentioned collection, especially forwards Cangxue wrote for the collected works of other authors. These poems can show that Cangxue, well versed in quite a number of topics and styles, made great contri-butions to the amalgamation between the monks and the laymen.%苍雪读彻之诗为晚明诗僧中之翘楚,但其诗长期以抄本形式流传。民国王培孙先生辑校《苍雪大师南来堂诗集》为苍雪诗歌流传最佳版本。今翻检明清僧传与诗文集,另有零星苍雪之作存世,尤以其为当日僧人诗歌总集与僧传所作序文,可见这位高僧对儒门诸科的谙熟以及本人为僧俗融合所作出的努力。

  15. 毛奇龄《诗经》辨伪述略%On MAO Ji-ling's Distinguishment of the "Book of Songs"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周怀文; 经莉莉

    2012-01-01

    辨伪是毛奇龄《诗经》研究中较有特色和成就、价值较高的部分,考辩作品多,涉及内容广,论据丰富,论证深入,且少有其他作品中习见的粗疏、谩骂风气,并形成了独特的辨伪范式,具有鲜明的体式特点,在明清之际的《诗经》学史上具有一定成就与影响。%The research to the "book of songs" is an important part of the study of MaoJiLing, BianWei is the study with more value and characteristics for the researchers have long been ignored by important aspect. In fact, MaoShi the "book of songs" BianWei, take an examination of argument works, covered a wide, argument is rich, deep argument, and few other works of the find, abuse deficient atmosphere, and it is the study of the "book of songs" higher value and important part of the influence. "The poem by righteousness said the" five volume is MaoShi the "book oi" songs" BianWei representative works, "the poem by the said righteousness", "MAO poetry writing officer to record" four voiumes, "the bird to the name volume" three volumes, the poetry Zagreb "two volumes, the province guofeng article" a roll of, the white continent subject-object said poem "a roll of handed down, also the varying degree involves the book.

  16. Paragonimus skrjabini Chen, 1959 (Digenea: Paragonimidae) and related species in eastern Asia: a combined molecular and morphological approach to identification and taxonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, David; Chang, Zhengshan; Chen, Minggang; Cui, Aili; Wu, Bo; Agatsuma, Takeshi; Iwagami, Moritoshi; Corlis, David; Fu, Chengbin; Zhan, Ximei

    2005-01-01

    A molecular and morphometric investigation is reported on the species complex of mammalian lungflukes of which Paragonimus skrjabini Chen, 1959 and P. miyazakii Kamo, Nishida, Hatsushika & Tomimura, 1961 are the best-known examples. This species complex (here called the P. skrjabini complex) is shown to be monophyletic using DNA sequences from the nuclear ITS2 region and the mitochondrial cox1 gene. The latter marker permits the discrimination of populations, some previously named as distinct species, from various geographical locations in China and Japan. Morphometric analysis of a number of variables accords remarkably closely with the molecular results. Main findings are that (1) nominal P.skrjabini from Fujian Province in eastern China is phylogenetically very close to P. miyazakii from Japan. It is proposed that both taxa should be referred to the same subspecies as P. krjabini miyazakii. (2) Populations from Guangdong Province, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Sichuan and Hubei should be referred to P. skrjabini skrjabini. Specimens of P. skrjabini from the Yangtze basin in Sichuan and Hubei are remarkably similar to one another according to genetic and morphometric data, but are not so different from Guangdong populations that they should be referred to a different subspecies at this stage. Specimens of P. skrjabini from Yunnan have not been assigned to a subspecies at this stage. (3) Partly following earlier studies, we regard the following as synonyms of P. skrjabini: P. miyazakii (reduced to subspecific status); P. szechuanensis Chung & Tsao, 1962 (probably belongs to P. s. skrjabini); and P. hueitungensis Chung, Hsu, Ho, Kao, Shao, Chiu, Pi, Liu, Ouyang, Shen, Yi & Yao, 1975 (probably belongs to P.s.skrjabini ); P. veocularis (Chen & Li, 1979) (specimens from Fujian regarded as belonging to this species should be referred to P.skrjabini miyazakii: the subspecific status of specimens from the type-locality in northern Sichuan is unclear). A number of

  17. On CHEN Yun’s Thinking on the People’s Livelihood in Contemporary China%当代中国的陈云民生思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵雍

    2014-01-01

    为民是陈云对民生问题认识的归宿,务实是陈云考虑民生的出发点。他提出无农不稳、无粮则乱,确保粮食安全战略;确保副食品供应和关心食品安全;坚决治理污染,保护生态,保证可持续发展;重视解决就业、力主计划生育;反对盲目提价,主张采取补救措施,以免影响人民生活;解决民生问题要有轻重缓急。以马克思主义的认识论与方法论指导工作,坚持从全局和长远观点看问题是陈云民生思想的特色。%For the people is the end result of CHEN Yun’s understanding of the issues of the Peo-ple’s Livelihood,and to deal with concrete matters related the people’s livelihood is the starting point CHEN Yun considers the People’s Livelihood. He puts forward the strategies:ensure the food security,for there is no stability without agriculture,and there will be chaos without food;ensure food supply and care about food security;resolutely govern pollution and protect the ecology,so as to en-sure sustainable development;pay attention to solving the employment,and advocate family planning;oppose to raising the price blindly and take remedial measures,so as not to affect people’s lives;solve the issues of the people’s livelihood according to order of priority. Guiding the work with Marx-ist epistemology and methodology,adhering to solving the issues from a global and long - term per-spective are the characteristics of CHEN Yun’s thinking on the People’s Livelihood.

  18. 陈炽《庸书》的吏治思想%Review of Thought of Government Officials’Supervision of Yongshu Written by Chen Chi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严亚明

    2012-01-01

    In Yongshu,Chen Chi disclosed the corruption of government officials’and the evils of official circles in the late Qing Dynasty,requested to reform the system to choose officials and the merit system,raised suggestions to improve officials’salary treatment and to penalize the corruption of the official circles.He appealed to simplify the government organizations,to reduce redundant officials,to establish parliament,to elect local officials and increase administration efficiency.%陈炽在《庸书》中揭露了晚清吏治腐败与官场弊病,要求改革官员选任考核制度,提出了官员养廉与治理官场腐败的若干建议,主张精简政府机构,裁汰冗官,仿设议院,公举乡官,提高行政效率。

  19. Chen Yun' s Thought on the Progressiveness of CPC Members%论陈云的共产党员先进性思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万建强

    2012-01-01

    Comrade Chen Yun is a great proletarian revolutionist and politician, an outstanding Marxist, and a long -tested extraordinary leader of the Party and the state. In his revolutionary career of over 70 years, Chen Yun made great attainment in both theory and practice in the progressiveness of CPC members, and raised a lot of meaningful thoughts. He thought that the progressiveness of CPC members was mainly embodied in working hard to arm their mind with scientific theory and master correct ideology and methodology;firmly setting up the communism ideal and faith and striving for it all the life ; always remembering the tenet of the Party to seek bene- fits for the people wholeheartedly;abiding by the discipline of the Party and passing on the good tradition of the Party. As one important component of Chen Yun' s theory of party building, these thoughts were the product of combining the party building theory of Marxism and Leninism with the CPC' s practice of party building, having greatly enriched and developed the membership construction thought of the party building theory of Maoism. Chen Yun' s thought on the progressiveness of CPC members has an important meaning of guidance for strength- ening the progressiveness construction, maintaining the progressiveness of CPC members, and keeping the Party' s purity under the new situation.%陈云同志是伟大的无产阶级革命家、政治家,杰出的马克思主义者,党和国家久经考验的卓越领导人。在70多年的革命生涯中,陈云同志对共产党员的先进性从理论到实践都有重大建树,提出了许多具有深远意义的思想。他认为,共产党员的先进性主要体现在:奋发学习,以科学理论武装头脑,把思想方法搞对头;牢固树立共产主义的理想信念,并终身为之奋斗;始终牢记党的宗旨,全心全意人民谋利益;严守党的纪律,自觉继承和发扬党的优良传统作风。这些思想是他党建思想理

  20. 论陈继儒游记散文之趣%On the Interest of Chen Jiru’s Travel Prose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟

    2014-01-01

    Chen Jiru travelled to many places in his life, which contributes a lot to his literary creation. His travel prose is interesting to read. It mainly presents in three aspects of interest: the free and casual interest, the speculative and mechanical interest, the elegant and leisure interest.%陈继儒一生游历之处较多,其文学创作也颇得江山之助。陈继儒的游记散文具有趣味性,这主要表现在三个方面,即自由随性的轻狂之趣、颇具思辨的机理之趣以及闲适雅化的隐逸之趣。

  1. 刘春霖《甲辰科状元策》探源%On Liu Chunlin’s Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于素敏

    2014-01-01

    Lian-Chi Academy was very famous in Late-Qing Dynasty, whose teaching idea and studying atmosphere kept ahead in China. Being the last Zhuang-Yuan of China, Liu Chun-Lin was one of the top students of this academy. Liu’s thoughts, was put what is learned into practice and acting according to circumstances, embodied in his book, Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce, that is Volumes by the Topmost Master of the Jia-chen Year, provided a feasible reform idea for the rulers of Late-Qing Dynasty. His examination paper before the emperor reflected his understanding for the social realities and also the ability for resolving problems. His handwriting was also very famous, and was highly praised for his noble qualities.%莲池书院是我国晚清著名的书院,在教学理念和学风上领先于全国。最后一位状元刘春霖是该书院培养出来的高材生之一。他在《甲辰科状元策》中体现的经世致用、因时制宜的思想,为晚清的统治者提供了切实可行的改革思路。殿试卷内容体现了考生对现实的了解程度和解决实际问题的能力。其书法的艺术也名噪一时,高尚品质时人称赞。

  2. Issues Chen Yun Pondered on in his Later Years%陈云晚年对几个重要问题的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马维

    2012-01-01

    陈云晚年反复思考以下几个问题:一是加强党的自身建设,提出:“执政党的党风问题是有关党的生死存亡的问题”;二是倡导学习哲学,强调:学好哲学,终身受用;三是加强农业生产,提出:无农不稳,无粮则乱;四是保护环境,提出:保护环境是我国一项大的国策。我们重温陈云晚年思考的这几个问题,对于我们加强执政党建设,落实科学发展观,构建和谐社会,都有重要意义。%Chen Yun pondered on several issues in his later years. Firstly, as to the Party' s self - construction, he claimed that "the ruling Party' s conduct construction is a life - and - death matter". Secondly, he initiated philosophy study, emphasizing the life -long benefit of a good mastery of philosophy. Thirdly, he proposed to strengthen agricultural production, in his belief that "national stability is threatened without a sound agriculture, and shortage of grain entails a chaotic situation". His forth proposal concerns environmental protection, stating that "environmental protection is a basic national policy in our country". Nowadays, a revision of these issues pondered on by Chen Yun in his later years is still of great significance, to strengthen the ruling Party's construction, to carry out scientific development concept and to build a harmonious society.

  3. 陈伯吹主编《小朋友》的历史贡献%Chen Bochui' s Historical Contribution in Charge of Xiaopengyou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭斯远

    2012-01-01

    The magazine Xiaopengyou, which stopped publishing for seven and a half years because of the aggression of Japanese, published again in Chongqing in April, 1 st, 1945. Chen Bochui was the third chief editor of this magazine. His hard word provided turmoil. When this magazine returned to Shanghai very worshipful mental nourishment for the children in the ,Chen Bochui called the colleagues in the field of literature and education together to discuss children literature creation and other problems. It is very meaningful creative development of children literature and the editing of children' s books after the foundation China. for the of new%因日寇侵略而休刊了七年半的《小朋友》杂志于1945年4月1日在我国战时首都重庆复刊。陈伯吹此时受任于危难之际,出任该杂志第三任主编。他的辛勤工作为战乱中的孩子提供了非常可贵的精神食粮。《小朋友》杂志迁回上海后,陈伯吹以《小朋友》主编身份召集文学界和教育界同人,探讨儿童文学创作和儿童读物应否描写阴暗面等问题,这被称为“伴随硝烟的思考”,对于新中国成立后儿童文学的创作发展以及儿童读物的编辑具有十分重大的意义。

  4. Expression of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) in human lung cancer and the impact of YangZheng XiaoJi on SHH-mediated biological function of lung cancer cells and tumor growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Wen G; Ye, Lin; Ruge, Fiona; Sun, Ping-Hui; Sanders, Andrew J; Ji, Ki; Lane, Jane; Zhang, Lijian; Satherley, Lucy; Weeks, Hoi P; Zhi, Xiuyi; Gao, Yong; Wei, Cong; Wu, Yiling; Mason, Malcolm D

    2015-03-01

    Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) is a protein that is aberrantly expressed in various human tumors. SHH and its signaling molecules have been indicated as potential therapeutic targets. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of SHH transcript in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and investigated the impact of inhibiting SHH together with a traditional Chinese medicine formula, YangZheng XiaoJi (YZXJ), on the function and growth of lung cancer cells. Human NSCLC tissues had significantly higher levels of the SHH transcript compared matched normal lung tissues (n=83). TNM2 tumors and tumors with pleural invasion had higher levels than TNM1 and non-invasive tumors. High SHH levels were associated with a shorter overall survival (OS) of the patients. A SHH inhibitor, cyclopamine, and YZXJ alone or in combination had a marked inhibitory effect on cellular invasion and cellular migration of human lung cancer cells, A549 and SKMES1. YangZheng XiaoJi and its combination with cyclopamine also significantly reduced the growth of lung tumors in vivo together with a reduction of SHH and smoothened (Smo) proteins in the lung tumors. The present study provides evidence that blocking SHH by way of small inhibitor and by YangZheng XiaoJi has a profound influence on lung cancer cells as seen by in vitro invasion and cell migration and in vivo tumor growth. Together with the aberrant expression of SHH in NSCLC tumors in the patients, it is suggested that SHH is a potential target for therapies for NSCLC.

  5. 基于古医籍中生肌散用药配伍规律的分析研究%Study on Medication and Compatibility Laws of ShengJi Powder Based on Ancient Medical Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万学谦; 李廷保

    2014-01-01

    There are 74 medical works about ShengJi powder in Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties a-mong the works before Qing dynasty. There were 88 pieces of ShengJi powder with correct names appeared in 60 medical works, and 14 pieces of ShengJi powder in different names. Altogether 88 prescriptions involved 93 kinds of herbs which could be classified into 18 types, total frequency of single drug was 550 times, among them, core drug with the frequency above 30% were respectively ten kinds of herbs: calomel, frankincense, MoYao (Commiphora myrrha Eng1.), fossil fragments, XueJie (Resina Draconis), HaiErCha [Acacia catechu (Linn. f.) Willd.], ShengDan (Hydrargyrum Oxydatum Crudum Bottom), ChiShiZhi (Halloysitum Rubrum), Borneol and HaiPiaoXiao (Sepiella maindroni de Rochebrune), and the prescriptions were composed of the core drugs by the modification and compati-bility.%自清以前古医籍中,仅唐、宋、元、明、清五代共74部医籍涉及有关生肌散的方剂。其中60部出现正名生肌散88首,14部出现异名生肌散14首。88首复方中共涉及中药93种分为18类,单味用药总次数为550次,其中频率大于30%的核心中药分别为轻粉、乳香、没药、龙骨、血竭、孩儿茶、升丹、赤石脂、冰片、海螵蛸10种,并且大多数生肌散均由此核心药加减配伍而成。

  6. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works--JI YI-hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导--戢翼翚与普希金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铁夫

    2000-01-01

    JI Yi-hui was the first Chinese who translated Pushkin's works. Pushkin's "Daughter of lieutenant"was translated from Japanese by him and he gave this Chinese version a new name "Romance of Russia". This version was an assimilative one. There were quite big discrepancies over the book's name, characters' name, person, type and number of words between the Chinese version and the Russian original. However, It was not JI yi-hui but the Japanese translator who should bear full responsibility for these. Because the Japanese version was an abridged one itself and all the divergences above-mentioned could be fould there. Ji's version was not a perfect one, but it was the very beginning for the Chinese to translate pushkin's works and other Russian literary master pieces and therefore had a profound significance in the history of literature.%普希金的第一部汉译作品是《上尉的女儿》,译本题作《俄国情史》,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚。这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入。不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者。日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是目译本所存在的。戢译《俄国情史》虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义。

  7. The Clinical Research on the Important Role for the Elephant Leather on the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment%生肌象皮膏中象皮作用与地位的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京向; 陈宝元; 阎伯君; 关靖; 薛晓东

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment, one of representative drugs of traditional Chinese medicine for external use,which has granulating functions,con treat various boils and sores,particularly to the stage of ulceration------pus and carrion almost vanished, skin and muscle has not growth yet. But wild elephants belong to the protected species and has been clearly prohibited to be killed and traded by the international organization. Then the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment can not be used any more as a result of no elephant leather. We try to realize the importance of elephant leather on the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment from the clinical re search. If elephant leather has an important role on the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment, then we try to make the best substitutes for el ephant leather in the future. Methods: 60 patients of chronic ulcers were randomly divided into two groups (treatment group and control group). Based on the control of blood sugar,infection and blood pressure and other basic treatment,ulcer wound was treated mainly with external treatment. Only when the most carrion had been discharged from the wound, did the two groups of patients are treated with Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment and Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment without elephant leather respectively, recorded in de tail the wound granulation, epithelialization, secretions and the pH of wound. Results :After 30 days, there had significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05)on the clinical effective rate,on the quality and the quantity of wound secretion,on the epitheli al growth and the growth of granulation,on the pH of wound of two groups,on the time when the wound began to secrete pus,grow epithelial and to grow fresh granulation. Conclusion : Elephant leather had an important effect in the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment and there was significant difference between Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment and the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment without elephant leather on the clinical research.%目的:生肌象皮膏是具

  8. The Translator’s Subjectivity under George Steiner’s Fourfold Translation Mo-tion Theory-A Case Study on Lin Yutang’s Translation of Fu Sheng Liu Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱志遥

    2013-01-01

    Since the advent of the cultural turn in translation studies in the 1970s, the focus of translation studies has been shifted to the subjectivity of translators. This paper attempts to make a tentative probe into the translator ’s subjectivity manifested in the translation of Fu Sheng Liu Ji by Shen Fu on the basis of George Steiner’s fourfold translation motion theory, namely“trust”,“aggression”,“incorporation”and“compensation”. By the study, we may obtain scientific understanding of how the translation is shaped by the translator’s subjectivity, thus affirming the importance and necessity of the later in literary translation.

  9. Comparative Study on the Extraction Processes of Total Flavonoids from LianXing JiDou%镰形棘豆总黄酮提取工艺的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭敏; 王晓琳; 黄聪琳; 姜华

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To compare the effects of four kinds of processes on the extraction of total flavonoids from LianXing JiDou(Oxytropis falcata Bunge). Methods:The contents of total flavonoids from LianXing JiDou were detected by NaNO2-Al(NO3) 3 chromatometry, the yield and the purity of total flavonoids were taken as the indexes, total flavonoids were extracted with the processes including water-extraction alcohol-precipitation and acid-hydroly-sis, water-extraction, alkaline-extraction and acid-precipitation, water-extraction and acid-hydrolysis. Results: The best extraction process for LianXing JiDou was water-extraction and acid-hydrolysis. The extraction percentage and the purity of total flavonoids were 1.6%and 11.26%respectively. Conclusion:The process could be used to extract total flavonoids from LianXing JiDou, which is reliable, simple and practicable.%目的:比较4种不同工艺对镰形棘豆总黄酮提取的影响。方法:采用水提醇沉酸解、水提、碱提酸沉及水提酸解4种工艺提取,以镰形棘豆总黄酮得率及纯度为指标,NaNO2-Al(NO3)3比色法测定镰形棘豆总黄酮含量。结果:镰形棘豆最佳提取工艺为水提酸解。该提取物中总黄酮提取率为1.6%,纯度为:11.26%。结论:该工艺可用于镰形棘豆药材中总黄酮成分的提取,方法可靠,简便易行。

  10. Simulation of the impacts land use and land cover changes - LUCC on the hydrological response of the Ji-Parana Basin with MGB-INPE model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, D. A.; Tomasella, J.

    2012-04-01

    Hydrological response results from innumerous processes interacting at different spatial and temporal scales and with various intensities. Since the hydrological impacts of Land use and land cover change (LUCC) and climate variability (CV) are strongly dependent on soil water flow pathways, an adequate representation of the runoff generation mechanisms are crucial to assess the hydrological impacts of LUCC and CV on a basin scale. Model responses to LUCC depend on structure and parameterizations used in the model. There are two basic methodologies adopted to define the structure of the hydrological model: downward and upward approaches. Upward approach is more appropriate for identifying causal relationships, but their results are highly affected by assumptions used in the development of the model. Besides, model structure and parameters values definition are strongly affected by scale issues and their inter-relationships. Downward approach is more appropriate for studying the effects of LUCC, but casual relationships are more difficult to identify. MGB-INPE model was developed based on the Large Scale Basins Model of Brazilian Institute of Hydraulic Research (MGB-IPH). It uses the Xinanjiang Model approach for soil water capacity distribution at each cell combined with TopModel philosophy. Both methodologies follow a downward approach: the hydrologic response of the basin is associated with patterns of self-organization observed at the basin-scale. The model was applied in the Ji-Parana Basin (JPB), a 30.000-km2 basin in the SW Amazonia. The JPB is part of the Deforestation Arc of Amazonia in Brazil and it has lost more than 50 % of his forest cover since the 80's. Simulations were performed between 1982 and 2005 considering annual land use and land cover change. MGB-INPE model was able to represent the impact of LUCC in the runoff generation process and its dependence with basin topography. Simulation results agree with observational studies: LUCC impacts in fast

  11. Multi-level natural resources governance based on local community: A case study on semi-natural grassland in Tarōji, Nara, Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisaku Shimada

    2015-09-01

    beneficiaries. This paper examines the multi-level management of a semi-natural grassland at Tarōji, in Soni village, in Nara prefecture. In Soni village, members of the local community provide key management input, while local government at the village and prefecture levels share management costs.

  12. High-pressure pelitic granulites from the Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt, North China Craton: A complete P-T path and its tectonic implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Yi; Zhai, Mingguo; Santosh, M.; Zhou, Ligang; Zhao, Lei; Lu, Junsheng; Shan, Houxiang

    2017-02-01

    The Paleoproterozoic khondalite series rocks were widely distributed along the Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt (JLJB), North China Craton (NCC). Metamorphic investigations on these rocks can definitely shed light on the tectonic evolution of the JLJB and provide some clues for Paleoproterozoic history of the NCC. Here we present a comprehensive metamorphic study of high-pressure (HP) pelitic granulites from the Jiaobei terrane in the southern part of the JLJB and combine microstructure, mineral chemistry, Raman spectroscopy, thermobarometry, and P-T-X pseudosections in NCKFMASHTO to trace the metamorphic evolution of these rocks. Staurolite inclusion in kyanite was firstly reported using Raman spectroscopy and four successive mineral assemblages (M1-M4) were identified. Integrated method of thermobarometry and pseudosection modeling constrains P-T conditions of 6-8 kbar at below 660 °C, 15-16.6 kbar at 850-860 °C, 8.8-10.5 kbar at 830-870 °C, 5.8-7.8 kbar at 660-700 °C, for M1-M4, respectively. By employing the melt-reintegrated method, a prograde P-T trajectory is evaluated and hence a complete P-T path is defined that involves a prograde trajectory with marked increase both in pressure and temperature to peak metamorphism, followed by isothermal decompression and subsequent near-isobaric cooling. Such a P-T path implies that a subduction process before collision followed by subsequent extension and cooling processes, was involved in the formation the JLJB, consistent with an orogenic event. Available geochronological data suggests that HP granulites-facies metamorphism probably initiated at 1.90-1.95 Ga and that exhumation and cooling of the metamorphic terrane occurred at 1.80-1.85 Ga, indicating a long-lived hot orogeny during Paleoproterozoic. This contribution provides mineralogical evidence for low-pressure prograde metamorphism in HP pelitic granulites and hence gives a complete P-T path, placing a more rigorous metamorphic constraint on evolution of the JLJB.

  13. 陆机《文赋》几个问题的理解%Comprehension of Some Issues of Wen Fu by Lu Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢盛江; 杨宝珠

    2014-01-01

    Wen Fu by Lu Ji discusses on the relationship among object, consciousness and writing and the preparation of literature creation. Yet some issues need more accurate understanding. For example,"object"refers to the nature objects with form but also refers to abstract meaning or social issues."Consciousness"refers to the conceptual consciousness and the intuitive consciousness. The discussion of the relationship among object, con-sciousness and writing based on the experience of creation as well as the differentiation to language and meaning in Metaphysics. For example,"Zhu zhong qu yi xuan lan"means to live in the universe with a mood of Taoist oblivi-on. "Qing qun yan zhi li ye" means to motivate all the artistic accomplishments."Fu si hai yu yi shun" means to have great artistic capacity."Xin qing mao zhi bu cha"means the structure and organization need to be consistent with the emotion, etc.%陆机《文赋》论物、意、文的关系,创作前的准备,有些问题需要更为准确理解。比如“物”,既指具形的自然之物,又指抽象事理社会事物。所谓“意”,既指构想之意,又指直觉感受之意。论物、意、言关系,来自创作经验,也与玄学言意之辨有关。比如“伫中区以玄览”,指以空明坐忘的体道心境处于天地寰宇之中,人世万物之间;“倾群言之沥液”,指调动所有的艺术修养;“抚四海于一瞬”,是说要有巨大的艺术容量;“信情貌之不差”,指谋篇布局的貌,要和需要表达的感情相一致,等等。

  14. 嵇康“自然和音”的美学意境%Ji Kang's "natural and sound" of artistic conception

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪宇

    2015-01-01

    嵇康的艺术思维是其自身禀赋以及时代造就的产物。他的音乐美学思想融合了道、儒、玄学三者。无论是其丰富的音乐实践还是在音乐理论上的探究,都充分体现了“自然”与“和”的哲学美学思想。在他的几部关于音乐的诗赋中以其朴素的辩证唯物主义和“自律论”观点在魏晋时代独树一帜;他的音乐美学思想是充分艺术实践与深厚文学哲学造诣完美融合的产物,将中国古代的“琴道“展现的淋漓尽致。同时,在中国古典艺术基础渐隐瓦解的时代,以崇高美学为先导,能否通过音乐美学这个途径去解剖现实关系,成为对中国当代音乐美学发展有意义的事情?%Ji Kang's artistic thinking is the result of its own resources and time. His aesthetic thought of music fusion, Confucianism, metaphysics three. Whether it is the rich music practice and music theory research, fully embodies the "natural" and "harmonius" philosophy of aesthetics. In some of his poems about music in the simple dialectical materialism and "self-discipline" point of view is become an independent school in the Wei and Jin Dynasties; his music aesthetics is full of artistic practice and deep literary attainments of perfect combination of philosophy, will Chinese ancient "Qin" to show the most incisive. At the same time, in the fading Chinese classical art based collapsing era, with sublime aesthetics as the forerunner, whether through the music aesthetics of this method to the solution of plane of reality, become meaningful to China contemporary music aesthetics development?

  15. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hirschheydt, Monika von

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  16. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hirschheydt, Monika von

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  17. Professional Development of College and University English Teachers in Chang-Ji-Tu Area%长吉图区域高校外语教师专业发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐莹

    2014-01-01

    调查长吉图区域高校外语教师专业发展状况,对调查结果进行分析,并提出外语教师专业发展途径,以期为外语教师的专业发展提供有益的借鉴,从而提高外语教师素质,提升高校教学质量,发挥高校的优势,促进长吉图开发开放先导区建设。%This study investigates foreign language teachers' professional development in Chang-Ji-Tu area, ana-lyses the results objectively. Based on the results, constructive suggestions are made on how to enhance English teachers' professional development, aiming to improve foreign language teachers' qualities and teaching quality of colleges and universities, promote the economic construction of Chang-Ji-Tu area.

  18. A PAH-degrading strain JI 2 and its biodegradation potential ability%一株多环芳烃降解菌吉2及其降解能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐义彬; 李红; 曹美娜; 崔庆锋; 俞理; 董汉平

    2015-01-01

    从中原油田毛8区块油田采出液中分离得到一株多环芳烃(PAHs)降解菌吉2,根据形态观察、生理生化、16S rRNA基因、管家基因和DNA-DNA同源性分析判断,吉2属于一株Microbacterium新种。研究发现,该菌能在萘和芘为唯一碳源的无机盐培养基中生长,也能够降解萘、菲、蒽和芘的混合PAHs。7 d对这4种PAHs的降解率分别达到了61.4%、86.6%、69.9%和18.6%。吉2对原油有很好的降解及降黏作用,7 d原油的降解速率达到了134 mg·d−1,黏度降低了29.3%。傅里叶变换红外光谱、族组分和气相色谱-质谱分析显示吉2能够优先利用原油中含PAHs的芳香烃和胶质等组分,原油中萘系列、菲系列、噻吩系列、芴系列、䓛系列、C21-三芳甾醇、芘和苯并(a)芘的相对含量都有一定程度的降低。实验结果表明吉2具有修复PAHs和原油污染的水体或土壤环境的能力,为微生物修复PAHs污染和原油污染提供了一种可行的途径。%A PAH-degrading strain JI 2 was isolated from oilfield produced water in Mao 8 block of Zhongyuan Oilfield. According to analysis of morphological observation, physiological and biochemical test, 16S rRNA gene, house-keeping genes and DNA-DNA hybridization, JI 2 was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Microbacterium. The strain could not only grow in inorganic salt culture medium and utilize naphthalene and pyrene as the sole carbon source, but also degrade mixed naphthalene, phenanthrene, anthracene and pyrene. The four PAHs degradation rates could reach 61.4%, 86.6%, 69.9% and 18.6%, respectively after 7 d. The viscosity of crude oil treated with JI 2 decreased by 29.3% and degradation rate was 134 mg·d−1. Fourier transform infrared spectra, group composition and GC-MS analysis of the crude oil treated with JI 2 showed that the strain tended to utilize PAHs in aromatic hydrocarbons and resins in crude oil. The relative contents

  19. 海南降香檀种子质量分级标准研究%Study on Standard of Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen Seed Quality Classification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟慧; 杨云; 陈波

    2012-01-01

    研究海南降香檀种子质量的分级标准.选择海南降香檀种子30个批次样本进行分选,以及对净度、优良度、千粒重、生活力、含水量等指标的测定,确定种子质量分级标准.降香檀种子优良度、生活力和千粒重是5项种子分级指标中的主要标准,其他指标作为参考.种子优良度为95%,生活力为84.2%,千粒重在131.4g以上的种子被列为一级种子;种子优良度为70%,生活力为70.1%,千粒重在128.1g以上的种子被列为二级种子.建立了海南降香檀种子质量分级标准.%Studied the standard of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen seed quality classification. Choose 30 samples of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen seeds as materials. Seed purity,seed goodness,weight per 1000 seeds,seed viability , and content of water mensurated. According to the data, standard of the seed quality classification was set up. Seed goodness, seed vialility and weight per 1 000 seeds were described as major standard of seed quality classification and others as reference. The first grading seed were described as seed goodness more than 95% , seed vialility percentage more than 84.2% , and weight per 1 000 seeds more than 131.4 g. The second grading seed were described as seed goodness more than 70% ,seed vialility percentage more than 70.1% ,and weight per 1 000 seeds more than 128.1 g.

  20. "A violation of the conditional independence assumption in the two-high-threshold Model of recognition memory": Correction to Chen, Starns, and Rotello (2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Reports an error in "A violation of the conditional independence assumption in the two-high-threshold model of recognition memory" by Tina Chen, Jeffrey J. Starns and Caren M. Rotello (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015[Jul], Vol 41[4], 1215-1222). In the article, Chen et al. compared three models: a continuous signal detection model (SDT), a standard two-high-threshold discrete-state model in which detect states always led to correct responses (2HT), and a full-mapping version of the 2HT model in which detect states could lead to either correct or incorrect responses. After publication, Rani Moran (personal communication, April 21, 2015) identified two errors that impact the reported fit statistics for the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) metric of all models as well as the Akaike information criterion (AIC) results for the full-mapping model. The errors are described in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-56216-001.) The 2-high-threshold (2HT) model of recognition memory assumes that test items result in distinct internal states: they are either detected or not, and the probability of responding at a particular confidence level that an item is "old" or "new" depends on the state-response mapping parameters. The mapping parameters are independent of the probability that an item yields a particular state (e.g., both strong and weak items that are detected as old have the same probability of producing a highest-confidence "old" response). We tested this conditional independence assumption by presenting nouns 1, 2, or 4 times. To maximize the strength of some items, "superstrong" items were repeated 4 times and encoded in conjunction with pleasantness, imageability, anagram, and survival processing tasks. The 2HT model failed to simultaneously capture the response rate data for all item classes, demonstrating that the data violated the conditional independence assumption. In

  1. Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), in Vietnam: a molecular identification and relationships of isolates from different hosts and geographical origins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thanh H; Van De, Nguyen; Blair, David; McManus, Donald P; Kino, Hideto; Agatsuma, Takeshi

    2006-04-01

    Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), and paragonimiasis caused by this species is a newly detected disease in Vietnam. Twelve samples of Paragonimus (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda: Digenea: Paragonimidae) from different life-stages (eggs, miracidia, metacercariae, adults from natural and experimental hosts) and host species (crab, dog, cat and human) were collected in different geographical locations in Vietnam. DNA sequences were obtained from each for partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) (387 bp) and the entire second ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) (361 bp). The ITS-2 sequences were identical among all specimens, including those previously reported in GenBank. For cox1, there were sequence differences between specimens from Vietnam (four provinces, different locations) and those from Guangxi (China) and Saraburi (Thailand). Phylogenetic trees inferred from cox1 and ITS-2 sequences using sequence data for 15 P. heterotremus and for other Paragonimus spp. revealed that all P. heterotremus originating from Vietnam, Thailand and China form a distinct group. This information also confirms the identity of the Vietnamese specimens as P. heterotremus.

  2. 怪诞之美——陈老莲的人物画%The Absurd Beauty: Comment on Mr. Chen Lao-lian's Model Painting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳晓日

    2001-01-01

    “怪诞”是一种美。这种美尽管从未占据主导地位,但它却是中国传统艺术中一股不容忽视的潜流,而且源远流长。陈老莲在中国绘画史上的地位和成就同其绘画艺术及其人物画独特的审美价值,无疑是与其“怪诞”的画风密不可分的。陈老莲人物画“怪诞”的造型特征,具有特别的形式美感与深刻内涵。%Absurdity is a tendency in definition of beauty, which has never been dominant, but an undercurrent deserving much attention in Chinese traditional arts and that has a long history. Mr. Chen Lao-lian has earned a place in history of Chinese painting. His achievements as well as his art of painting and his unique appreciation of beauty in character painting are all inseparable with his absurd style of painting. The modeling features of his paintings are of beautiful forms and essence.

  3. The Study of Qiu Chi's A Letter to Chen Bozhi%藏词与借代--从丘迟《与陈伯之书》说起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雄溪

    2016-01-01

    Qiu Chi's A Letter to Chen Bozhi is a very successful book about capitulate. This letter is very vivid and logical. Qiu Chi had very clear goals in writing this letter. This letter is a meaningful Practical writ-ing. This paper is aimed at studying hiding words and metonymy, which are two major writing skill.%丘迟的《与陈伯之书》是一篇十分成功的劝降书。论者谓是文“晓之以理,动之以情”,乃中肯的评价。丘迟写作此文,有特定对象,也有明确的目的,是一篇不折不扣的应用文。选取“藏词”与“借代”两种修辞手法,讨论二者在是文所起的作用,并述这两种修辞手法的发展。

  4. 陈胜出身及有关问题的考辨%Chen Sheng' s Origin and Some Relevant Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天社

    2012-01-01

    Misunderstandings arose that Chen Sheng had a noble birth, was once a head of the 900 civil- ian workers, not an ordinary farmer, but a powerful bully, etc.. However, analysis was made of "a ten- ant farmer", "frontier soldier", " capital punishment for delay", "a head of the stationary troops", "nicknamed She", and other historical documents, the so - called new findings are fabricated and devia- ted from the facts.%有人误读历史文献,得出陈胜"出身是相当高贵的","当上900民工的屯长","不是一般的庄稼人","是地方上的豪强"等新结论。但通过对"为人佣耕"、"闾左適戍"、"失期当斩"、"屯长职爵"、"陈胜字涉"的考辨和对历史文献的解析,揭破了这些"新结论"的虚妄和与历史事实的背离。

  5. Artistic Characteristics in Chen Zi Fen's Paintings of Flowers and Birds%论陈子奋花鸟画的艺术特点及成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚任界

    2012-01-01

    Mr. Chen Zifen's paintings of birds and flowers are important parts of his art career. His paintings of flowers and birds combined with the traditional integration, the techniques are comprehensive, the feelings are sincere, the topic are extensive, the layout is flexible, and the color is bright. He absorbed the essence of the traditional culture, practiced hard, and combined with the spirit of the times, so he created numerous bright works of art.%陈子奋先生的花乌画是他一生艺术实践的重要组成部分,他的花乌画整合传统,技法全面,形真意足,题材广泛,情谐雅俗;布局灵活,用色明艳,诗意盎然。陈子奋在汲取传统文化精华的基础上,经过长期艺术实践的锤炼,并将时代精神渗透其间,最终使他创作出大量富有鲜明时代精神的艺术作品。

  6. Héritages mortifères. Rupture dans/de la filiation chez Ying Chen et Jane Sautière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Parent

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Les récits Nullipare (2008 de Jane Sautière et Un enfant à ma porte (2008 de Ying Chen mettent tous deux en scène des femmes qui se révèlent incapables d’être mères. Le présent article montre que cette incapacité à avoir un enfant vient du fait que pour les deux narratrices, la filiation est liée à la mort, à la perte et à l’absence ; dans les deux textes, un héritage mortifère fait rupture et empêche la filiation de se poursuivre. Jane Sautière’s Nullipare (2008 and Ying Chen’s Un enfant à ma porte (2008 both portray a woman unable to become a mother. This article shows that the inability to have a child stems from the fact that, for the narrators of each work, filiation is linked to death, to loss, and to absence; in the two texts, a deadly legacy breaks the line of filiation and prevents its continuation.

  7. 陈白露与茶花女的艺术形象比较%Art Image Comparison of Chen Bailu and the Lady of the Camellias

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕻

    2012-01-01

    陈白露和茶花女分别是曹禺《日出》和小仲马《茶花女》中的人物。她们两人都是文学中典型的妓女形象,都经历了几近相同的悲剧命运。文章把陈白露与茶花女这两个不同时代和文化背景下产生的、有着相似的境遇而又有着不同个性的文学形象放在同一视角下进行审视和比较,通过这两个悲剧形象所呈现的复杂的社会内涵来剖析其悲剧意义上的差异。%Chen Bailu and the Lady of the Camellias are figures of Sunrise by Cao Yu and The Lady of the Camellias by Alexan- dre Dumas Fils, who are the classic images of prostitute with similar fate. In the same perspective, the paper surveys and compares the two figures that lived in different times and cultural backgrounds and had similar experiences but different characters. And the paper also analyzes their different tragic fates with the complicated social connotations presented from the two tragic figures.

  8. On the Horizontal Speed of the Lower Extremities in Javelin Thrower Chen Qi's Cross Steps%标枪运动员陈奇交叉步中下肢水平速度的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋佩成

    2012-01-01

    By the methods of experiment and comparison,the author made an overall,systematic and quantitative analysis of the horizontal speed changes of the lower extremity joints in the course of cross steps of Chen Qi,an elite Chinese male javelin thrower.The result shows that Chen Qi's technical structure needs to be further perfected and technical movements must be improved.%运用实验法和对比法对我国优秀男子标枪运动员陈奇交叉步过程中下肢各关节水平速度的变化进行全面、系统、定量的分析,结果表明,陈奇的技术结构有待进一步优化,技术细节须改进。

  9. A Study on the Phonology of Rhyme Dictionary Liushu Shengying Ji in Qing Dynasty%清写本韵书《六书声应集》的音系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志波

    2015-01-01

    文章对清写本韵书《六书声应集》的语音特点进行分析讨论,通过与现代方言比较,判定该书是一部吴语韵书。该书的独特之处在于记录了“气流分调”现象。%This article analyzes the phonetic features found in the rhyming dictionary Liushu Shengying Ji and concludes that it is a rhyming dictionary for the Wu dialect after comparing it with modern dialects.What is special about this rhyming dictionary is that it recorded tonal splits by aspi-ration features.

  10. 从陈村计划生育中的博弈看基层社会运作%An Approach to Social Practice from Birth Control in ChenCun Village

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈心想

    2004-01-01

    Based on the field work in Chen Village in the east plain of Henan Province, this paper presents an empirical research on the game in the process of family planning in rural China. It attempts to reveal the relationship between state and society or state and villagers, the evolution of local social order and pattern of local social operation through the macro and micro-analyses of the game in family planning in Chen Village. In micro-game analysis, the authers analyze the main means and strategies of game used by players. Based on the micro-analyses, the authers analyze the macro-game and try to clarify institutional change of family planning in the game and formalization of outcomes of games in past over 20 years. Four changes took place in the game of family planning in Chen Village(and neighboring areas). In the conclusion part, this paper puts forward the concept of “two-line-operating society” and finds the model of evolution of order.

  11. 植被及土壤对西藏飞蝗产卵的影响%Effect of Vegetation and Soil on Oviposition of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆; 廖志昌; 杨刚; 封传红; 杨群芳; 罗怀海; 蒋春先; 王海建

    2012-01-01

    [目的]探索植被及土壤的理化性质对西藏飞蝗(Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen)产卵量及产卵分布的影响.[方法]采用室外及室内笼罩模拟法,利用三因子二次回归通用旋转组合设计构建西藏飞蝗产卵选择模型.[结果]西藏飞蝗对不同植被的土壤有产卵选择性,其中草地和青稞地的产卵量最大(分别为36.03%和21.20%).土壤的理化性质能显著影响西藏飞蝗对产卵地的选择,其中含盐量、含水量和pH值影响最大.单因素分析表明在试验设置的含盐量区间内选择产卵量随含盐量的增加而急剧减少,而含水量和pH值各有一最适值.双因素分析表明3个因素之间有一定的互作影响,其中含盐量的影响最大.统计频率优化法得出最适宜产卵的土壤综合指标为含盐量0.08%-0.12%、含水量2.91%-3.75%、pH7.35-7.65.[结论]西藏飞蝗在不同的植被上生活,其产卵量差异显著.土壤含盐量、含水量和pH值显著影响西藏飞蝗产卵选择性.%[Objective] The objective of this study is to explore the effect of vegetation and soil physical and chemical properties on fecundity and oviposition distribution of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen. [Method] Three-factor quadratic regression general rotary combination experimental design was used to construct oviposition preference model of L. Migratoria tibetensis by using the caging simulation method in laboratory and field. [Result] L. Migratoria tibetensis had oviposition preference on different land soils, and had the highest fecundity in the grassland and barley field (36.03% and 21.20%, respectively). The soil physical and chemical properties had significant effects on oviposition preference. The salt content, water content and pH value had a great effect on oviposition preference. Single factor analysis showed that the fecundity decreased rapidly as the salt content increased in salt content intervals, but the water content and pH value

  12. Yield and quality analysis of variety Ji2003-8 as ovule mutagenesis cross combination%胚珠诱变杂交组合吉2003-8产质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国; 卞桂杰; 黄淑兰; 王绍伦; 潘亚丽

    2011-01-01

    The ovule mutagenesis cross combination Ji 2008 -8 variety was bred in 2003 by taking the polyembryonic sugar beet diploidy male sterile line Ji75 -08 MS as female parent and the ovule mutagenesis tetraploid sugar beet pure line 9488 - 15 - 1 - 1 as male parent, hybrid seed 3: 1. Through the plot trials in 2007 and 2008, the root yield got 44925.4kg/hm2 ,which increased 24.4% compared with the CK ( Jitian 301 ) ;sugar content was 14.42% ,0.57 degrees higher than the CK; sugar yield got 6480.7kg/hm2 ,which increased by 30.2%compared with the CK.%胚珠诱变杂交组合吉2003-8是2003年以本所自育的多胚二倍体雄性不育系吉75-08MS为毋本,胚珠诱变四倍体纯系9488-15-1-1为父本,按母、父比例3:1自然杂交育成.经2007和2008两年小区试验:根产量44 925.4kg/hm2,比对照(吉甜301)提高24.4%;含糖率14.42%,比对照提高0.57度;产糖量6 480.7kg/hm2,比对照提高30.2%

  13. Comparison of anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Chen et C. Ling and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jue; Qu, Fan; Zhang, Hang-Jun; Zhuge, Xiao-Hong; Cheng, Liang-Zhong

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed to compare the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Chen et C. Ling (Curcuma wenyujin) and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Scutellaria baicalensis). This study used three parts to compare the two herbs. Firstly, animals were randomly divided into a Scutellaria baicalensis group, a Curcuma wenyujin group, an indomethacin group, and a model-control group to perform an ear edema test, a carrageenin-induced paw edema test, a cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation test, and an acetic acid-induced writhing test. Secondly, model rats with pelvic inflammation were established, and the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in each group was detected with the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Thirdly, pharmacokinetics analysis of Scutellaria baicalensis and Curcuma wenyujin was conducted on the model rats. The ear edema test, carrageenin-induced paw edema test, cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation test, and acetic acid-induced writhing test all showed that Curcuma wenyujin had stronger anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects than Scutellaria baicalensis. There is significant difference between the effects of Curcuma wenyujin and Scutellaria baicalensis on the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 for the model rats. Curcuma wenyujin decreased the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 more than Scutellaria baicalensis. The pharmacokinetics analysis showed that curcumol's Tmax, Cmax, and the area under the curve (AUC) were all higher than baicalin's. This study indicated that for pelvic inflammation, Curcuma wenyujin had better anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects than Scutellaria baicalensis.

  14. CHEN Ying's Treating Experience on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome%陈莹治疗多囊卵巢综合征经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯英慧

    2012-01-01

    The clinical experience on polycystic ovary syndrome of professor CHEN Ying ( director of obstetrics and gynecology department, Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ) was introduced in this article. Etiology and pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome have direct relationship with kidney, spleen and liver. Spleen deficiency producing phlegm, phlegm stagnation due to vital gate fire declining, liver depression and blood stasis all lead to polycystic ovary syndrome, such as hairiness, obesity, amenorrhea and infertility, etc. Treatment discipline should combine syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation, with the method of warming and inforcing kidney-Yang, strengthening spleen and reducing phlegm, soothing liver and eliminating blood stasis. And administration should be given according to menstruation cycles. At the same time psychological counseling is given together and more exercise is needed to reduce weight.%介绍陈莹教授辨治多囊卵巢综合征的临床经验.多囊卵巢综合征的病因病机与肾脾肝三脏有直接的关系,脾虚生痰、命门火衰、痰浊不化、肝郁血瘀共同导致了多囊卵巢综合征多毛、肥胖、闭经、不孕等症状.治疗应辨证与辨病相结合,以温补肾阳、健脾化痰、疏肝祛瘀为大法,并注意月经行经周期节律诱导用药,同时配合心理疏导、加强锻炼降低体重.

  15. The Methodological Significance of Chen Xianzhang’s Philosophy of the Mind%陈献章心学的方法论意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余海涛

    2015-01-01

    陈献章心学的方法论意义,直接落在价值的形而上层次上,具有境界论的意味。他将发端于先秦道家的天道自然观,转化为心本的价值形而上形态,“以自然为宗”亦成为其心性修养理论的根本宗旨和价值取向,“道”已经不是主体和客体相对应的某个确切规定性的对象化存在,因此,“自然”表现为个体在悟道养心过程中,抛却一切外在的诱惑而长保此心灵明无物的状态。%The methodological significance of Chen Xianzhang’s philosophy of the mind Falls directly on the value of the metaphysical level and has the meaning of the realm theory.He transferred the divine nature view which originated from Taoism into the state of metaphysical value of the mind.“Nature Laws”has become the fundamental purpose and values its concentric cultivation theory.“Dao”is not the subject and object of an object corresponding to the exact requirements of existence.Therefore,“Nature”is repre-sented as the state of an individual’s mind who gives up all external temptations in the process of enlight-enment and keep the purity forever.

  16. Measuring the impact of a 3D simulation experience on nursing students' cultural empathy using a modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everson, Naleya; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Lapkin, Samuel; Pitt, Victoria; van der Riet, Pamela; Rossiter, Rachel; Jones, Donovan; Gilligan, Conor; Courtney-Pratt, Helen

    2015-10-01

    To determine the effect of immersive 3D cultural simulation on nursing students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients. Accelerated globalisation has seen a significant increase in cultural diversity in most regions of the world over the past forty years. Clinical encounters that do not acknowledge cultural factors contribute to adverse patient outcomes and health care inequities for culturally and linguistically diverse people. Cultural empathy is an antecedent to cultural competence. Thus, appropriate educational strategies are needed to enhance nursing students' cultural empathy and the capacity to deliver culturally competent care. A one-group pretest, post-test design was used for this study. The simulation exposed students to an unfolding scene in a hospital ward of a developing county. A convenience sample of second-year undergraduate nursing students (n = 460) from a semi-metropolitan university in Australia were recruited for the study. Characteristics of the sample were summarised using descriptive statistics. T-tests were performed to analyse the differences between pre- and post simulation empathy scores using an eight item modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale. Students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients significantly improved after exposure to the 3D simulation experience. The mean scores for the Perspective Taking and Valuing Affective Empathy subscales also increased significantly postsimulation. The immersive 3D simulation had a positive impact on nursing students' empathy levels in regards to culturally and linguistically diverse groups. Research with other cohorts and in other contexts is required to further explore the impact of this educational approach. Immersive cultural simulation experiences offer opportunities to enhance the cultural empathy of nursing students. This may in turn have a positive impact on their cultural competence and consequently the quality of care they

  17. Supplementary studies on Myxobolus tsangwuensis Chen, 1954 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) infecting the gills of common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.): molecular and histological data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Mingjun; Liu, Yang; Jia, Luo; Zhai, Yanhua; Deng, Qiong; Gu, Zemao

    2014-10-01

    Myxobolus tsangwuensis Chen, 1954 is a common parasite infecting the gills of common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.). It was described simply in the original description and its molecular data was absent, which makes the accurate diagnosis challenging. Here we supplemented its description based on the morphological, histological and molecular data. It was characterized by the presence of small round or ellipsoidal plasmodia in the gills of host and histology showed the plasmodia developed in the capillary network of the gill lamella. Mature spores of M. tsangwuensis were ellipsodal in frontal view and lemon shaped in lateral view, averaging 11.2 ± 0.7 (10.2-12.5) μm × 9.3 ± 0.3 (8.5-10.0) μm × 6.2 ± 0.4 (5.5-7.0) μm. Spores valves were symmetrical and smooth. Occasionally, a small intercapsular appendix was observed. Two polar capsules were pyriform with different sizes, measuring 5.0 ± 0.2 (4.4-5.3) μm × 3.1 ± 0.1 (2.9-3.5) μm and 3.9 ± 0.2 (3.4-4.3) μm × 2.5 ± 0.2 (2.0-2.8) μm, respectively. Polar filaments coiled five to seven turns in large polar capsule and three to four turns in the small polar capsule. Some spores were surrounded by the mucous envelope that was not recorded in the original description. Molecular analysis revealed that the present SSU rDNA sequences did not match any available sequences in GenBank and phylogenetic analysis showed M. tsangwuensis was sister to M. basilamellaris and M. musseliusae.

  18. 陈济棠的经济思想与实践之得失%The Pros and Cons of Chen Jitang' s Economic Theory and Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜昌廉

    2012-01-01

    During his presiding over Guangdong Province, Chen Jitang carried out plans to develop its economy and made much progress, fulfilling its modernization. His theory about planned development of society, public and private economic development led by state capital, and comprehensive social development containing science, technology and education can give us some lessons and shed light on our cause of social development. We should give critical judgment to historical figures like Cben Jitang because his contributions to the economic development of Guangdong Province under such poor historical conditions were valuable.%陈济棠主政广东8年,实施了经济社会发展计划,并取得显著成效,实现了广东的全面近代化。他关于经济社会有计划发展的思想,关于国家资本主义主导下官民并举的思想,关于农业是国民经济之本的思想,关于科技与教育纳入经济社会发展全局的思想,对于我们吸取历史经验和发展社会主义事业有一定借鉴意义。我们对历史人物必须历史地辩证地给予评价,陈济棠在当时的历史条件下能作出如此贡献是十分难能可贵的。

  19. Chen's Theorem with Small Primes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying Chun CAI

    2002-01-01

    Let N be a sufficiently large even integer. In this paper it is proved that the equationN = p + P2, p ≤ N0.95,is solvable, where p denotes a prime and P2 denotes an almost prime with at most two prime factors.

  20. Chen's Theorem with Small Primes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yingjie LI; Yingchun CAI

    2011-01-01

    Let N be a sufficiently large even integer. Let p denote a prime and P2 denote an almost prime with at most two prime factors. In this paper, it is proved that the equation N - p+ P2 (p ≤ AT0.945) is solvable.

  1. Classical Music Fan Chen Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The heyday of Beijing’s classical music beganin 1993, when top-quality sound equipment andrecords were imported. Also in that year, BeijingMusic Radio presented a classical music programtitled "Fan’s Club" and founded the "Music and

  2. 湖南柑橘大实蝇对不同柑橘品种的危害特点研究初报%The Damage Characteristics of Tetradacus citri Chen on Different Citrus Varieties in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文力; 杨水芝; 潘美山; 陈海玲; 黄泽培; 龙建国; 肖伏莲

    2011-01-01

    采用定点观察和普查的方式对湖南省吉首市、麻阳县柑橘大实蝇的危害特点进行了研究.结果表明:柑橘大实蝇对不同柑橘品种的危害时间由早到晚依次为:脐橙>温洲蜜柑>冰糖橙≥大红甜橙=广柑>椪柑;其危害最严重的品种是脐橙,虫果率达63%,其次是早熟温洲蜜柑和冰糖橙,达22%,再次是椪柑,达6%;同时还发现,柑橘不同品种果皮表面存在产卵假痕迹现象.这些结果可为柑橘大实蝇的防治提供理论参考依据.%The damage characteristics of Tetradacus citri Chen in Mayang County, Jishou City, Hunan Province were investigated by fixed-point observation method and general survey method. The results indicated that the harm time of Tetradacus citri Chen on different varieties of citrus ordered as navel orange>satsuma mandarin>Citrus sinensis ^Citrus sineasis Osbeck cv. Dahong= Citrussinensis (L.) Osbeck >Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan; the damage level of Tetradacus citri Chen on different varieties of citrus ordered as navel orange>early mature satsuma mandarin and Citrus sinensis >dtrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan, and the insect infestation ratio of navel orange, early mature satsuma mandarin, Citrus sinensis and Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan was 63%, 22%, 22% and 6%, respectively. Meanwhile, the research also showed that there are fake oviposition traces of Tetradacus citri Chen on the Peels of different varieties of citrus. These results above can provide the theory basis for the control of Tetradacus citri Chen.

  3. 再论陈去病在南社史上的地位和作用%A Second Probe into CHEN Qubing’ s Status and Role in Nanshe’ s History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾景忠

    2015-01-01

    As Nanshe’s first president, CHEN Qubing was often referred to as Nanshe’s chief league leader, general league leader or president-general by Nanshe participants such as GAO Xu, LIU Yazi, PANG Shubo, and so on.Nanshe’ s key figures were often arranged as CHEN-GAO-LIU in order of importance, and CHEN Qubing always occupied the first place in Nansh’ s mail list.There has already been historically settled agreement as who was Nanshe’ s first figure.CHEN Qubing not only foun-ded Nanshe, but also committed himself to Nanshe’ s undertaking and promotion.Besides eliminating conflicts and crises at that time, he strived to revive Nanshe bonds even long after its decay, so Nanshe was tightly bound with CHEN Qubing’ s name, de-spite that LIU Yazi also contributed greatly to Nanshe’ s cause.%陈去病为南社第一任社长,历史当事人高旭、柳亚子、庞树柏等均称陈为南社主盟、盟长、总社长。南社核心人物按“陈高柳”顺序排序,南社通讯录中陈去病居首。谁是南社第一人,历史自身已经定位。陈去病首创南社,南社创立后,他拓展并力图提升南社事业,化解南社内部的矛盾和危机,延续南社脉流,至南社衰败时,仍力图接续南社前缘。南社与陈去病的名字紧紧连接在一起。当然,柳亚子对南社事业也做出了巨大的贡献。

  4. Efeitos das mudanças do uso da terra na biogeoquímica dos corpos d'água da bacia do rio Ji-Paraná, Rondônia Effects of land use changes in the biogeochemistry of fluvial systems of the Ji-Paraná river basin, Rondônia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Vladimir Krusche

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho discute os efeitos das mudanças do uso do solo na biogequímica dos rios da bacia de drenagem do rio Ji-Paraná (Rondônia. Nesta região, a distribuição espacial do desmatamento e das propriedades do solo resultam em sinais diferentes, possibilitando a divisão dos sistemas fluviais em três grupos: rios com águas pobres em íons e baixo impacto; rios com conteúdo iônico intermediário e impacto médio e rios com elevados conteúdo iônico e impacto antropogênico. As características biogeoquímicas dos rios têm relação significativa com a área de pasto, melhor parâmetro para prever a condutividade elétrica (r² = 0,87 e as concentrações de sódio (r² = 0,75, cloreto (r² = 0,69, potássio (r² = 0,63, fosfato (r² = 0.78, nitrogênio inorgânico (r² = 0.52, carbono inorgânico (r² = 0.81 e carbono orgânico (rain ² = 0.51 dissolvidos. Cálcio e magnésio tiveram sua variância explicada pelas características do solo e pastagem. Nossos resultados indicam que as mudanças observadas na micro-escala constituem "sinais biogeoquímicos" gerados pelo processamento do material nas margens dos rios. A medida em que os rios evoluem para ordens superiores, os sinais persistentes nos canais fluviais estão mais associdados às características da bacia de drenagem (solos e uso da terra. Apesar dos efeitos das mudanças observadas no uso do solo não serem ainda detectáveis na macro-escala (bacia amazônica, a disrupção da estrutura e funcionamento dos ecossistemas é detectável nas micro e meso escalas, com alterações significativas na ciclagem de nutrientes nos ecossistemas fluviais.In this article we present the results of the effects of land use change on the river biogeochemistry of the Ji-Paraná basin (Rondônia. In this region, the spatial distribution of deforestation and soil properties result in different biogeochemical signals, allowing the division of the fluvial systems into three groups: rivers with

  5. 落花之咏:陈宝琛王国维吴宓陈寅恪之心灵诗学%Poetry of Falling Flowers:Mental Poetics of Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi and Chen Yinke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓明

    2014-01-01

    透过长达近百年的一组“落花诗”,挖掘近现代诗学一支深隐的心灵诗学谱系。即从陈宝琛到王国维、吴宓、陈寅恪,代代相传、自觉而灵心相通、有文化托命意识的一种精神传统。“落花之咏”成为认知的图式和抒情的背景,笼罩着众多繁杂深细的诗学书写。其中又隐藏着有关近现代诗与思、历史与政治、个人命运与家国大局、信仰与理性等论域的重大信息。在百年中国文学与文化的传统与变革大背景中,既属知识心灵的一种诗性记忆,亦不失为极富启示意义的一笔美学遗产。%Through poetry of falling flowers over the 100 years,explore a system of mental poetics in mod-ern times,which is a spiritual tradition from Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi to Chen Yinke,with a consciousness of cultural task passing from generation to generation.“Poetry of falling flowers”becomes a cognitive schema and background to express feelings in many deep and detailed poetic writing,which covers important information on modern poetry and thinking,history and politics,personal fate and national situa-tion,belief and reason.In the 100 year background of Chinese literary and cultural traditions and transfor-mation,it is both a poetic memory of knowledge mind and significant aesthetic heritage.

  6. Chen Yangchun's Experience in Treating Edema with Five Substances Powder with Poria%陈阳春应用五苓散治疗水肿经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振华; 耿振平; 赵章华

    2016-01-01

    The prominent symptoms of Five Substances Powder with Poria is "difficult urination",characterized by scanty urine,dripping urination even auria.Doctor Chen points out that clinically it takes "edema" as the main symptom and is the main clue for the use of Five Substances Powder with Poria.He proposes to differentiate cold and heat from tongue diagnosis since big difference exists in different individuals and many influence factors are changeable.For this reason,he attaches great importance to the tongue diagnosis.He holds that white and greasy tongue coating is the main tongue manifestation of Five Substances Powder but no obvious fever signs.For complicated with poor appetite,thirst,adverse flow of water,Minor Pinellia Decoction is combined;for complicated with dizziness,the dosage of Zexie (Rhizoma Alismatis) should be increased (generally 30g);for complicated with cough and asthma,palpitation,Tinglizi (Semen Lepidii) should be added.%五苓散证最突出的症状是“小便不利”,以小便量少,点滴不畅,甚至无尿为特点.而陈师发现,临床问诊中,患者常不明白此为何意,不能清楚表述,且发现小便量少,相应的出现全身浮肿居多 故陈师指出临床辨证以“水肿”为主症,是应用五苓散的主要线索.而辨寒热,陈师主张从舌诊来看,因脉诊个体差异较大,影响因素较多,变化多端,故陈师尤为重视舌诊,陈师指出,五苓散主要舌诊为苔白腻,主要强调没有明显热象患者兼纳差、口渴、水逆时,合用小半夏汤;兼眩晕者,加大泽泻用量,一般为30 g;咳喘心悸甚者,加葶苈子.

  7. 论陈复礼摄影创作的璀璨艺境%On the Shining Art Realm of Chen Fuli's Photography Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    於贤德

    2013-01-01

    Having cherished an artist's deep concern and boundless love for the society and life, Mr. Chen Fuli made great art achievements during his decades of photography creation. On the basis of simplicity and truthfulness, his works expressed the tastes of life, such as the hardship of existence, the heroism of strug-gle as well as the joy and satisfaction of life. His conscious pursuit in the beauty of form in picture composition contained special implications, reflecting the author’s perceptions of philosophy in plain life phenomena. Par-ticularly, the essence of Chinese traditional aesthetics applied creatively in the modern art of photography not only carried forward the fine tradition, but also pushed forward photographic aesthetics to a higher realm.%  陈复礼先生抱着艺术家对社会对人生的深深关注和无限热爱,在数十年的摄影创作中,获得了巨大的艺术成就。他的作品让人感悟到生存的艰难与奋斗的豪迈,又表现出人们在生活中的欣喜与满足,在朴素真实的基础上表现着生活的情趣,在对画面构图的形式美的自觉追求中蕴涵着特殊的意味,在平实的生活现象中述说着作者感悟到的深刻的哲理。尤其是将中国传统美学的真髓,创造性地运用到摄影这一现代艺术中,既弘扬了中国美学的优秀传统,同时又把摄影艺术审美创造推向一个新的高峰。

  8. 教学艺术大师:被遮蔽的陈寅恪“肖像”%Chen Yinge and his hidden image of teaching master

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王喜旺

    2015-01-01

    A teaching master is just w hat is implicitly portrayed of Chen Yinge ,w ho devotes more than half of his lifetime to the teaching of history and literature .His teaching is recognized as being creative , strict ,profound and helpful with the academic pursuit for the learners and shaping of their theoretical thinking .T his is know n as the academic foundation .%在学界为我们描绘的众多陈寅恪“肖像”中,教学艺术大师是被遮蔽的一个面相。事实上,陈寅恪作为一名大半生坚守大学教坛的史学、文学教授,在其教学实践中展示了深入人心、令人迷醉的教学艺术。这主要表现在:其教学实践具有新颖、严密、幽深、通达等四个显著特征;其教学活动在不期然间引领学生走入了特定的学术道路、形塑了学生的理论思维,从而为学生奠定了坚实而恒久的学术基础。当然,陈寅恪的教学实践之所以能够达到化境,并非幸至,而是有其睿智、庄严的生命形态作为根基的。其教学艺术,正是其崇高的文化使命感、独立精神、探求历史发展规律的情怀、渊博的知识、敏锐的洞察力等在教学活动中的自然投射。

  9. USO DA ANÁLISE ESPACIAL PARA AVALIAÇÃO DE INDICADORES DE QUALIDADE DO LEITE NA MICRO-REGIÃO DE JI-PARANÁ, RONDÔNIA, 2011 Use of spatial analys for milk quality indicators evaluation from micro-region of Ji-Paraná, Rondônia, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilvânia Lúcia de Oliveira Carvalho

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Os atributos geográficos relacionados à localização dos rebanhos e seus indicadores de qualidade do leite podem ser explorados em termos geoestatísticos para análise e identificação de áreas (territórios com características geográficas semelhantes e providas de correlação espacial para variáveis de interesse. O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a viabilidade da análise espacial para avaliação de indicadores de qualidade do leite. O trabalho foi desenvolvido com informações sobre as coordenadas geográficas, teores de gordura, proteína, lactose, contagem de células somáticas (CCS e contagem total de bactérias (CTB de 217 rebanhos localizados no Estado de Rondônia. A área de estudo foi de 25.088,40 km2, localizada na microrregião de Ji-Paraná. A dependência espacial para os indicadores de qualidade do leite foi avaliada por meio de semivariogramas. Havendo dependência espacial, estimaram-se valores do indicador em estudo para os locais não amostrados dentro do espaço, sem tendenciosidade e com variância mínima, pelo método denominado Krigagem, para interpolação de dados. Os resultados mostraram que houve dependência espacial para a gordura, lactose, estrato seco desengordurado (ESD, contagem de células somáticas (CCS e contagem total de bactérias (CTB. Foi observada uma dependência espacial fraca para gordura e ESD. Entretanto, foi identificada uma dependência espacial moderada para lactose, CCS e CTB. Sugere-se que a dependência espacial fraca e moderada encontrada no estudo foi devido ao número de fazendas incluídas no estudo até o momento. Os mapas gerados no estudo mostraram as áreas com valores diferenciados para os indicadores de qualidade do leite. A análise espacial dos indicadores de qualidade do leite mostrou ser uma ferramenta viável para avaliar a variação dos componentes do leite, CCS e CTB entre áreas de uma mesma região. As informações geradas por meio de mapas de

  10. Clinical Observation on Treatment of 80 Cases with Rapid Arrhythmia by JiLian WenXin Tang%己连稳心汤治疗快速心律失常80例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段乃荣; 刘召

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and functional mechanism of JiLian WenXin Tang in treating rapid arrhythmia. Methods:All 150 cases were randomly assigned into 80 cases of treatment group and 70 cases of control group. The treatment group was given JiLian WenXin Tang, one dose a day, the control group was administered Betaloc, 25mg for twice a day. The clinical effects, the changes of subjective symptoms, heart rates and rhythms in patients of the two groups were observed and compared after continual four-week treatment. Results:The total efficiency rate of the treatment group was 96.25%, while that of the control group was 82.86%, the difference between the two groups had statistical meaning (P<0.05). The subjective symptoms of two groups after treatment improved significantly in the comparison of those symptoms before treatment and the improvement of treatment group was better than that of control group (P<0.05);The heart rates and rhythms of two groups had significant im-provement after treatment and the differences between them had marked significance (P<0.05). Results: JiLian WenXin Tang can raise the supply of myocardial oxygen, improve the conducting function and removing blood sta-sis, make the membrane voltage of myocardial cells stable, reduce the self-discipline of myocardial cells, extend the action potential duration and effective refractory period, eliminate the turn-back impulse, reduce the parallel shrink-age, inhibit the secondary touches as well as effectively treat the rapid arrhythmia.%目的:探讨己连稳心汤治疗快速心律失常的临床疗效及作用机制。方法:将快速心律失常患者150例随机分为治疗组80例和对照组70例,治疗组患者予己连稳心汤,1剂/d,对照组予倍他乐克,25 mg/d,分2次服。两组均连续治疗4周后观察患者临床效果及主观症状、心率、心律的变化情况。结果:治疗组总有效率为96.25%,对照组为82.86%,2组比

  11. Art Theory or Political Philosophy?---Further Discussion on the Nature of Music Theory by Ji Kang%艺术理论抑或政治哲学?*--嵇康乐论的性质再探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨杰

    2016-01-01

    学者多认为《声无哀乐论》是一篇艺术理论文献或者音乐美学文献,事实上它是一篇哲学文献。嵇康认为声音只有音阶节奏是否平和的体性,而没有哀乐的属性;哀乐是人的情感属性,平和的音乐只是宣导人本有的哀乐之情。他进一步认为音乐本身也没有德行、功用等“象”。他认为音乐是有教化作用的,首先要实行无为之政的良善政治,使得人心平和,产生平和之乐,二者相互涵养天下才会大治。与儒家以礼乐为主的乐教观不同,嵇康的乐教思想是以人心平和,从而实际上是以无为政治为首要目的的。因此嵇康的音乐理论最终指向的是乐教何以可能的政治哲学问题,《声论》是一篇政治哲学文献。%Most scholars regard No Funeral Music Theory as a literature about art theory or music aes‐thetics ,actually ,it is a literature about political philosophy .Ji Kang thinks that music only has the harmonious melody ,and has nothing to do with the human emotion related to political situation and other circumstances .The point is that grief and joy is the attribute of human emotion ,and the peace‐ful music only a tool to express this emotion .Furthermore ,he put forward that the music itself doesn't have the properties about virtue or function .He held the opinion that music had the function of in‐doctrination ,and we must carry out inaction in governance ,which drives everyone's emotion to a calm ,thus peaceful music being generated ,and the two sides promoting each other can eventually produce a well governed society .Different from Confucian view about music education ,Ji Kang regar‐ded inaction in governance is more important than music education .Therefore ,the finally aim of Ji kang's music theory is the possibility of music education ,which is a political problem ,as a conse‐quence ,No Funeral Music Theory is a literature about political philosophy .

  12. The Study of Qian Ji-bo’ s Martyred Feelings in China’ s Resistance against Japan%论抗战时期钱基博的殉国情怀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大胜

    2016-01-01

    The China’ s Resistance against Japan is behavior of justice against Japanese imperialist aggression. All classes are involved and the scholar is no exception. Qian Ji-bo as important modern Chinese literature and history,devoted to resist foreign aggression of The Times with a pen as a weapon. In late War,the Japanese soldiers reaches contribution to the normal university of nation,teachers and students retreat. Qian Ji-bo want to test for what they have learned in my life,arouse peo-ple’ s Anti-Japanese War enthusiasm,and dedication to hold and martyred. Under the condition that the harm is less than the body,it is rare to have this outrageous. On the one hand is due to the outrage of wind and style of study,and on the one hand is based on rational judgments. Qian Ji-bo perusal of the Confucian classics,and have been practicing the morality of Confu-cian culture. It is based on this,so he want to prepare for the national spilled blood will only along the steps of the predeces-sors. Although he survived because of the change of The Times to save,but the stirring deeds of heroism have filled painters. To excavate detail of the historical facts and make a ideological depth analysis,it is to helpful to understand the parties at the time of determined choice and dig out the unique value of Confucian culture.%抗日战争是中国人民反抗日本帝国主义侵略的正义战争,各个阶层都参与其中,读书人也不例外。钱基博作为中国近现代重要的文史大家,以笔做武器,积极投身到抵抗外侮的时代洪流之中。抗战后期,日军兵锋直抵位于湖南蓝田的国立师范学院,师生纷纷后撤。钱基博为了检验平生所学,进而唤起国人的抗战热情,执着地坚守岗位,欲殉国明志。在害不及身的情况下,钱基博有此惊人之举,一方面是源于对士风与学风的义愤,一方面也是基于理智的判断。钱基博熟读儒家经典,一直践行着儒家文化

  13. 抗战时期陈毅统一战线工作的特点%The Characteristics of Chen Yi's United Front Work during the Anti-Japanese War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游荃

    2012-01-01

    During the Anti-Japanese War, comrade Chen Yi took good use of his extraordinary courage and insight and superb struggle art as a politician and military strategist, adhered to the party's anti-Japanese national united front for promote all the power of unity and strive for unity to around our party and army, and stroke out one after another and the song of the sweep. In this period, the basic characteristics of comrade Chen Yi's united front work mainly include: forming a literary circle to make friends, and take full advantage of all kinds of contradiction to make more people be friends, and so on. Comrade Chen Yi's thoughts of united front still have certain reference significance for today's united front work.%抗日战争时期,陈毅同志以政治家、军事家的非凡胆识和高超的斗争艺术,坚持党的抗日民族统一战线。把一切可以争取和团结的力量争取团结到我党我军的周围,奏出了一曲曲军政全胜的凯歌。这一时期陈毅同志统战工作的基本特点主要有:身体力行,谓为表率;以文会友,广交朋友;真心纳谏,虚怀若谷;利用矛盾,化敌为友;关怀朋友,以诚待人。陈毅同志的统战思想对当今的统战工作仍具有一定的借鉴意义。

  14. The Cultural Shock Between the Horizon Fusion and Chen Kaige's Film Sacrifice%视界融合与陈凯歌版《赵氏孤儿》的文化冲突

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉平

    2012-01-01

    The dramatic conflict settings of Chen Kaige's film Sacrifice reflect his perspectives of culture and aesthetic. He not only hopes to expand the fusion of the self-horizon and the predecessors's horizon in diachronical dimensions, but also wants to impact the popular understanding and judgment by use of the modern art and mass media in order to obtain the broader horizon fusion in synchronical dimensions. However,Chen Kaige's adaption has not received the expected results. Dealing with the cultural conflict of morality and humanity incompetently and inadequately is the main reason that Chen Kaige's adaption is not very successful.%电影《赵氏孤儿》戏剧冲突的设置体现了陈凯歌的文化理念和审美取向,他不仅希望扩大的自我视界在历时性层面上成功地实现与前人视界的融合,还欲凭借现代艺术手段与公众传媒的力量去影响大众的理解和评判,从而在共时态的层面上达成更为广泛的视界融合。然而陈凯歌的艺术实践没有收到预期效果,在处理道义与人性的文化冲突时顾此失彼,力不从心,是其改编不算成功的主要原因。

  15. 汪机的"营卫虚实论"与"参芪双补说"%Wang ji's theory of 'Ying-Wei deficiency and excess' and 'Renshen-Huangqi nourishment'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆翔

    2011-01-01

    WANG Ji, the famous doctor in the Ming dynasty, devoted all his life to writing books and had completed 14 books in his lifetime. He established the academic thought of Ying-Wei ( Yingqi and Weiqi) deficiency and excess and Renshen-Huangqi, which was that both have the function of nourishment. This had a positive influence on correcting some scholars' opinion in the Ming dynasty, which was if using bitter and cold herbs to nourish Yin, it usually damaged the Qi of spleen and stomach;and influence on formation of the Gubenpeiyuan School ( consolidating Yuanqi to enhance body resistance). The formation of the thought was related to the background of some iatrogenic illness whereby Yang deficiency of spleen and stomach was caused by excess use of bitter and cold medicine. WANG Ji' s academic thought was mainly refined from Ying-Wei theory in the Neijing, spleen-stomach theory of LI Dongyuan and excess of Yang and deficiency of Yin theory of ZHU Danxi, and was also influenced by the thought of other doctors at the same time.%明朝著名医家汪机,一生勤于著述,所著著作达14部之多.其创立的"营卫虚实论"和"参芪双补说"的学术思想,对纠正明季一派苦寒滋阴而导致损伤脾胃之气的时弊,以及"固本培元"流派的形成,均起到了积极的作用.其思想形成的背景与当时社会崇尚滋阴,过分使用苦寒之剂,从而损伤脾胃阳气,带来较多医源性疾患有着直接的关系.其学术思想主要来源于"营卫理论"以及李东垣的"脾胃论"和朱丹溪的"阳有余阴不足论",同时代的医家思想也对其产生了间接的影响.

  16. 《名公书判清明集》所见南宋亲属间诉讼%Litigation between Relatives from MingGongShuPanQingMingJi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小明

    2012-01-01

    The MingGongShuPanQingMingJi is a convicted corpus of the Southern Song Dynas- ty, because the cases are real convicted, and therefore it is with high historical value. The most ca- ses of MingGongShuPanQingMingJi are between relatives. Through the analysis of the court verdict,especially the property dispute lawsuits between relatives, on the one hand, we can see that people at the time were thoughtless and treacherous and many people were selfish and re- gardless of the kinship relation. On the other hand, the attitudes of the judges could be reflected. They advocated value family of Confucian ethics. For the cases related to human relations, they advocated the principle of education going before the punishment, the beautiful and the kind be- ing the custom and human relations being the essence of administration. Those judges could be regarded as the faithful guardians and implementers of Confucianism.%《名公书判清明集》是南宋时期的一部判文集,因其均为实判,故此史料价值很高。《名公书判清明集》中的案例,大多与亲属间的诉讼有关。通过分析相关判词,尤其是亲属间的财产纠纷诉讼,可以看出当时民风浇薄,很多人为一己私利不顾亲情的世间百态;另一方面则反映了名公们的态度,他们大力提倡儒家重视家庭伦理的主张,对关涉人伦案件的处理,往往以教化为先,惩罚在后,以美风俗、厚人伦为为政之根本,可谓儒家思想的忠实卫护者和积极践行者。

  17. 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉对小鼠免疫调节作用的研究%Study on immunune regulation of mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen in mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彦武; 赵鹏; 李彬; 何励; 覃辉艳; 彭亮; 姚思宇

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉对小鼠的免疫调节作用.方法 分别以200、400、800mg/kg BW剂量的蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉经口给予小鼠连续灌胃30d后,进行各项免疫指标的测定.结果 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉剂量组与对照组比较能促进小鼠脾淋巴细胞增值、转化作用(R0.05),促进小鼠的迟发型变态反应(P<0.05),增强小鼠的单核-腹腔巨噬细胞吞噬能力(P<0.05),促进小鼠的抗体生成细胞增加及提高小鼠的血清溶血素水平(P<0.01和P<0.05),提高小鼠的NK细胞活性(P<0.01和P<0.05).结论 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉具有增强免疫力的功能.%Objeetive To explore the effect of Mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen on the function of immunoregulation. Methods The mice were fed with mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen at the doses of 200、400 and 800mg/kg.Bw for 30 days and then 7 indexes of immune function were measured to judge the effect of mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen on immune system. Results The results of the test groups in comparison with the control group showed that transformation and proliferation of splenic lymphocyte were enhanced (P<0.05) and the late hairstyle allergy in mice was gearedup(P<0.05) ; The mononuclear celiac macrophage phagocytic activity was increased (.P<0.05) ;the quantity of the mice antibody—producing cell and the sheep erythrocyte antibody levels in serum were boosted (P<0.01 and P<0.05) and enhanced the activity of NK cells in mice(P<0.05). Conclusion It is suggested that mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen could enhance immune function.

  18. 豆瓣兰的无菌播种与快速繁殖%Asepsis Sowing and in vitro Propagation of Cymbidum serratumr(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜朝阳; 何荆洲; 闭志强; 董伟清; 严华兵

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1 植物名称豆瓣兰[Cymbidum serratum(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen]. 2 材料类别种子. 3 培养条件种子萌发培养基:(1)MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(2)改良Kyoto+1 mg·(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(3)1/3MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水.

  19. 从井冈山“朱毛之争”探讨陈毅的性格特征%Exploration into the Character Traits of Chen Yi From“Zhu Mao Dispute”in Jinggangshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴得民; 王庆跃

    2013-01-01

    In the late 1920s, Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Chen Yi, co-founded the Red Army and the Jinggangshan revolutionary base.But in early period of revolution, how to create a new people’s army, whether to establish the Central Military Commission or not,“Zhu Mao dispute” took place within the Red Army ,and Chen Yi was also deeply involved in the debate.The authors, from Jinggangshan“Zhu Mao struggle”, through in-depth study of revolutionary friendship created between Mao Zedong and Chen Yi in long revolutionary period,, exhibit the excellent character traits and spirit of Chen Yi,such as kindness, cheerfulness and activity, generous tolerance; magnanimous honest, being brave for self-criticism, being aboveboard, being able to speak up; dealing with people outspokenly, without cronyism, not adding insult to injury..%20世纪20年代末期,毛泽东、朱德、陈毅共同创建了红军和井冈山革命根据地。但在革命初期,在如何创建新型人民军队、是否设立军委的问题上,红军内部发生了“朱毛之争”,陈毅也卷入这场争论风波。从井冈山“朱毛之争”入手,通过深入研究毛泽东与陈毅在长期革命历程中建立的革命友情,展现了陈毅生性厚道、开朗活跃、豪爽宽容;坦荡真诚,勇于自我批判;光明磊落,敢于仗义执言;待人处事心直口快,不结党营私,不落井下石的优秀的性格特征和精神风貌。

  20. The Conflicts between Historiography of Historical Materialism and Historiography of Experimentalism A Case Study of Li Ji%唯物史观史学与实验主义史学的冲突——以李季为个案的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈峰; 汤艳萍

    2012-01-01

    In the conflicts and fights between historiography of historical materialism and historiography of experimentalism during the period of the Republic of China, Li Ji, the early member of the CPC, played an important role. The book "Critique of Hu Shi' s Outline of Chinese Philosophy History" written by Li Ji systematically exposed and condemned Hu Shi' s thinking history research and opened the Marxism thinking history research path. Li Ji' s series of articles carried out reflections and corrections to another academic school headed by Gu Jiegang and promoted the convergence of ancient history and social history. Li Ji' s behaviors showed the complexity of the composition of historiography of historical materialism before 1949.%在民国时期唯物史观史学与实验主义史学的冲突和争锋中,曾为中共早期成员的李季担当了重要角色。李季撰著《胡适中国哲学史大纲批判》一书,对胡适的思想史研究发动系统清算,开启了马克思主义的思想史研究路径。李季的《古史辨的解毒剂》等系列文章对以顾颉刚为首的“古史辨”派的学术路向进行反思和纠偏,为古史与社会史汇流推波助澜。具有托派背景的李季的上述作为,显示了1949年前唯物史观史学构成的复杂性。

  1. The project mechanism law: Germany's CO2 trading becomes international. Introduction of project-related mechanisms in German law[Joint Implementation (JI), Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)]; Das Projekt-Mechanismen-Gesetz: Deutschlands CO{sub 2}-Handel wird international. Die Einfuehrung der projektbezogenen Mechanismen in das deutsche Recht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reuter, A.; Loewer, T. [Rechtsanwaltssozietaet White und Case, Dusseldorf (Germany)

    2006-07-15

    With the legislation on project mechanisms in September 2005, the Kyoto Protocol and the EU Linking Directive have been integrated in German law. Germany can now use CDM and JI projects as an investor country and host country; for the German industry, there is a wider range of tools for meeting their emission reduction obligations and also a wider offer of opportunities for trading and arbitrage. (orig.)

  2. 从《伯夷列传》到《司马穰苴列传》看《史记》列传文体前期的发展%The Early Stage Style Development of the Biographies of ShiJi in the Perspectives of Biography of BoYi and Biographies of Simarangju

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨昊鸥

    2015-01-01

    《史记》列传文体形态丰富多变,一直受到历代《史记》评点家、研究者的关注而尚未开展深入的研究。《史记》列传的前四篇(《伯夷列传》、《管晏列传》、《老子韩非列传》、《司马穰苴列传》)实际上包含着《史记》列传在文体上早期的形态变化,这种变化呈现出引用和评论手段的缩减,以及叙事成分的不断加重的趋势,也即意味着《史记》列传文体由传统经传转向为新型史传的重要转变。%The literary form style of biography of ShiJi is complex and varied. Importance had been always attached to this problem by researchers in past dynasties, yet profound study had not been done. The first four biographies in ShiJi, including Biography of BoYi, Biography of GuanZi and Yanzi, Biography of LaoZi and HanFei, Biography of Simarangju,contained the change of style about the early Biography of ShiJi. This change presented the trend that quote and comment reduced while narration increased at the same time, that there was a great change in the literary form style of Biography of ShiJi into ShiZhuan Sytle from JingZhuan Sytle.

  3. The Impacts of Different PBL Schemes on the Simulation of PM2.5 during Severe Haze Episodes in the Jing-Jin-Ji Region and Its Surroundings in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, three schemes [Yonsei University (YSU, Mellor-Yamada-Janjic (MYJ, and Bougeault-Lacarrère (Boulac] were employed in the Weather Research and Forecasting/Chemistry (WRF-Chem model to simulate the severe haze that occurred in February 2014 in the Jing-Jin-Ji region and its surroundings. The PM2.5 concentration simulated using the three schemes, together with the meteorological factors closely related to PM2.5 (wind speed, local vertical diffusivity, and PBL height, was evaluated through comparison with observations. The results indicated that the eastern plain cities produced better simulation results than the western cities, and the cities under the eastern root of Taihang Mountain produced the worst results in simulating high PM2.5 concentration in haze. All three schemes simulated very similar variation trends of the surface PM2.5 concentration compared with observations. The diurnal variations of simulated surface PM2.5 were not as reasonable as their reflection of daily averaged variation. The simulated concentrations of surface PM2.5 using the YSU, MYJ, and Boulac schemes all showed large negative errors during daytime in polluted days due to their inefficient descriptions of local atmospheric stability or diffusion processes in haze. The lower ability of PBL schemes in distinguishing the diffusion between haze and clean days in the complex topography areas in China is an important problem for PM2.5 forecasting, which is worthy of being studied in detail.

  4. Epidemic analysis of 1010 cases of brucellosis in Ji'nan from 2010 to 2014%2010-2014年济南市1010例布鲁菌病患者流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶波; 崔师玉; 李玲; 赵秀红; 李晓迎; 耿大影

    2016-01-01

    目的 分析济南市传染病医院门诊2010-2014年接诊的布鲁菌病(简称布病)的流行病学特征,为其防治提供数据参考.方法 将济南市传染病医院自2010-2014年接诊、明确诊断的布病病例纳入研究,采用回顾性分析方法,对其流行病学资料进行数据统计,包括发病时间、年龄及职业分布等.结果2010-2014年,济南市传染病医院共接诊布病患者1010例,各年份分别为12、69、134、274、521例,呈快速上升趋势.发病高峰期有两个,首先是4-8月,各月份发病率分别为9.1%(92/1 010)、12.2%(123/1 010)、13.4%(135/1010)、11.1%(112/1010)、10.7%(108/1010);其次为1月,发病率为9.4%(95/1010).发病检出时间1周内者仅占13.4%(135/1010),72.4%(731/1010)的患者距发病时间2周以上.男性布病患病率明显高于女性,男女比例为2.36∶1.00;年龄分布,40~ 49、50 ~ 59岁为发病高峰,发病率分别为29.3%(296/1010)、25.0%(252/1010);职业以农牧民为主,占85.6%(865/1010);96.4%(974/1010)的患者有明确接触史,主要与羊、牛、猪等家畜有关,也有宠物饲养和喝羊奶致病者.结论济南市传染病医院接诊的布病患者数量,近5年来显著增加,传播途径主要为家畜饲养、加工,多数患者未能在早期及时诊断,当引起足够重视.%Objective To provide data evidence for brucellosis prevention by a retrospective analysis of brucellosis epidemiologic feature in Ji'nan Infectious Disease Hospital from 2010-2014.Method The brucellosis patients with confinned diagnosis from 2010 to 2014 admitted to Ji'nan Infectious Disease Hospital were included in this study,and their epidemic data were statistically analyzed,including time,age and occupation distributions.Results There were 1 010 brucellosis patients in total in Ji'nan Infectious Disease Hospital from 2010 to 2014,and 12 cases,69 cases,134 cases,274 cases and 521 cases,respectively,in each year,which showed rapid rising trend

  5. Analysis of Current Status and Countermeasures of Green Logistics of Jing-jin-ji City Cluster%京津冀城市群绿色物流现状分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜伟强

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we analyzed the current status of the green logistics of the Jing-jin-ji city cluster, and summarized the problems existing therein, then proposed the corresponding countermeasures, including designing the top layer of the green logistics industry, clarifying the positioning of the cities, reinforcing the division of labor of the cities in the logistics field, instituting strict standards and incentive mechanism, and enhancing the cultivation of green logistics talents.%分析了京津冀城市群绿色物流现状,对其发展中存在的一些问题进行了总结,针对这些问题提出了解决对策:对绿色物流进行顶层设计;明确各城市的定位及加强各城市在物流领域的分工合作;制定严格的标准及运用激励机制;加强绿色物流人才培养。

  6. The classification method of syndromes in the Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold)%《备急千金要方》病证分类方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申晓伟; 郑文杰; 马明越; 张志斌

    2014-01-01

    Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold) epitomizes the medical achievements of the Tang Dynasty with an extensive coverage.The classification method of syndromes in this book is derived from Neijing (Inner Canon),Nanjing (Classic of Questioning),Shang han za bing lun (Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases),Zhu bing yuan hou lun (General Treatise on Causes and Manifestations of All Diseases),and enlightens the later generation with many unique characteristics,reflecting the mature recognition of the diseases in the contemporary clinical medicine from one side.It is still of great significance for understanding the diseases and exploring its pathogenesis even today.%《备急千金要方》为唐代医书集大成者,内容涵盖十分广泛,其病证分类方法,上承《内经》、《难经》、《伤寒杂病论》、《诸病源候论》,下启后世诸家,有很多独创之处,从一个侧面体现出当时的临床医学对很多疾病的认识已相当成熟,直到现代,对于今人认识疾病,探讨疾病病机仍有很大的意义.

  7. Interneta sociālie tīkli draugiem.lv, mammam/tetiem.lv un twitter.com kā reklāmas nesēji Latvijā (2009.gads)

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir „Interneta sociālie tīkli draugiem.lv, mammam/tetiem.lv un twitter.com kā reklāmas nesēji Latvijā (2009.gads)”. Darba mērķis ir izpētīt Latvijas interneta sociālo tīklu vidi kā potenciāli augošu un reklāmai piemērotu, kā arī izpētīt pamanāmākos reklāmas gadījumus šajos portālos. Teorijas daļā tiek apskatīta Web 2.0 ēra, interneta reklāmas un sociālo mediju mārketinga īpatnības, sociālo tīklu fenomens un teorijas, Latvijas reklāmas tirgus un auditorija, kā arī sociāl...

  8. 沉没在沉默里——沉樱婚恋小说解读%Sank in Silence:the Explanation about the Love and Marriage Novel by Chen-Ying

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳琳

    2009-01-01

    The feminine writers of 54's time often hold a "free love" and "self-marriage" standpoint in the description of love. However, those women with this "free" idea about love will be able to obtain happiness? This is the theme that Chen Ying's marriage novel repeat to inquiry. Chen Ying have taken care of and restored the situation of women in marriage by women experience in live of herself: the distress caused by the easily changed love and the despair caused by wanting to stop love but cannot.%"五四"时期的女性作家在叙写爱情时,往往秉持着"恋爱自由"和"婚姻自主"的大义.但是,秉持这种"自由"的爱情理念,女性就能获得幸福吗?这是沉樱婚恋题材小说中反复叩问的主题.沉樱以女性自身生命体验,观照和还原女性艰辛的婚恋境遇:爱之易于变迁的痛苦,欲罢不能的绝望.

  9. "Chen Suan gynecological fill solution" of spleen and gynecological diseases from treatment are discussed. Features%《陈素庵妇科补解》从脾胃论治妇产科疾病特色探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽; 尤昭玲

    2011-01-01

    The "chen suan gynecological fill solution "attaches great importance to the spleen in women with thoughts,the tyre, during dialectical use. Chen elaborated by obstetrical and gynecological diseases with blood disorders, pathogenesis will first, spleen and weak relied heavily TDS spleen transfers, use more did the spleen, tonifying spleen qi benefiting stomach and the kidneys and the spleen, stomach temperature, using gentle drug treatment such method, multi-purpose raise the product, spleen protecting stomach can emulate deconstruction.%非常重视脾胃思想在女性经、带、胎、产中的辨证运用.陈氏阐述妇产科疾病病机必以气血失调、脾胃虚弱为先,辨证论治尤重脾胃调补,多采用行气健脾、补脾健胃、益肾健脾、温中和胃等法治疗,用药平和,多用养脾护胃之品,可供后学效法.

  10. 澄江学派传人陈应龙先生针灸学术特色%Academic features of CHEN Ying-long of the Chengjiang acupuncture school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟宪军; 孙孝忠

    2012-01-01

    陈应龙先生是我国近现代著名的针灸学家、澄江针灸学派创始人承淡安先生的亲传弟子之一.通过收集整理陈应龙先生的论文和医案,梳理其对澄江针灸学派的继承和发扬,发现其针灸学术特色主要表现为:注重练气练指力,手法善用子午补泻,疑难杂病善用灸法,慢性病善用组穴治疗,善治狂疾,常深取风府.%CHEN Ying-long is a famous acupuncturist in modern China. He is one of the disciples of CHENG Dan-an who is considered as the initiator of the Chengjiang acupuncture school. Through collecting and sorting of CHEN's theses and medical records which carried on and developed the Chengjiang acupuncture school, it is found that his academic features of acupuncture manifested in the following points; attaching importance on practice of qi and finger forces valuing the reinforcing and reducing manipulations according to midnight-noon and ebb-flow doctrine; utilizing moxibustion to treat difficult and complicated diseases; applied group points to treat chronic diseases; good at treating manic type of mental disorder with deep acupuncture at Fengfu (GV 16).

  11. An Incomplete Survey of Wang Yao's and Chen Pingyuan's Academic Research%沿着鲁迅的道路--对王瑶与陈平原之学术研究的不完全考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘克敌

    2015-01-01

    In the inheritance and development of Lu Xun's academic research achievements, Wang Yao and Chen Pingyuan are prominent representatives, for the studies on the setup of the modern Chinese academic system initiated by Wang Yao and carried forward by Chen Pingyuan has once exerted a greater influence on relevant re-searches in the late 20th century. In Scholars' Lives in Medieval Times can be discerned not only Lu Xun's impact on Wang Yao regarding Lu Xun's idea of the literary creation and viewpoints of scholars in Wei and Jin dynasties but also Wang Yao's expansion and innovation on the basis of relevant studies on Lu Xun. In the wake of Wang Yao, Chen Pingyuan has studied the history of the 20th-century Chinese novels and surveyed the modern academic history, thus having shown his strong consciousness of the academic history and his perspective as a historian. Mo-reover, based on his inheritance of Lu Xun's view on writing the literary history, Chen Pingyuan has proposed his own theoretical supposition on writing the modern literary history and has made some beneficial attempt. Chen will, in time, have more success in this aspect.%在承继和发展鲁迅的学术研究成果方面,王瑶和陈平原师生二人是较为突出的代表,由王瑶首倡并由陈平原继之的有关中国现代学术体系建立的研究,曾对20世纪末的相关研究产生了较大影响。在《中古文人生活》中,不仅可见王瑶所受鲁迅有关魏晋文人创作及思想观点的影响,更可发见王瑶在鲁迅相关研究基础上的拓展与创新。王瑶之后,陈平原所作有关20世纪中国小说史的研究以及关于现代学术史的考察等,都显示出其较强的学术史意识和史家眼光,他本人也在承继鲁迅的文学史撰写理念基础上,对现代的文学史书写提出了自己的理论构想并作出有益的尝试。假以时日,他当能在这方面有更大的成就。

  12. 奉献精神与文化自觉--从一个方面解读陈伟南先生的人生价值观%On Dedication Spirit and Cultural Consciousness--One-Aspect Interpretations of Mr. Chen Weinan's Value of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶芃子

    2013-01-01

    The motto of Mr. Chen Weinan is"the value of life lies in dedication and the success in busi-ness depends on endeavor". Mr. Chen enjoys a good name both in integrity and ability, and always thinks of the source of becoming rich. First, chen has a high cultural consciousness and a spirit of dedication, laying stress on the importance of humanistic spirit inheritance and liberal education, and giving long-term support for the construction of cultural cause. Second, with an international vision, Chen has the "cultaral interaction" con-sciousness. With a compatible cultural attitude, Chen carries forward the fine cultural tradition.%  陈伟南先生的座右铭是:“人生的价值在于奉献,事业的成功在于努力。”他德才双馨,富而思源。首先,先生具有高度的文化自觉和奉献精神,一直强调人文精神承传和人文教育的重要性,并长期践行支持文化事业建设。其次,先生具有世界视野和“互动认知”的文化意识,以“海纳百川”的文化态度,弘扬优秀人文传统。

  13. Micro/nano-particles and Cells: Manipulation, Transport, and Self-assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-23

    doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.087206 Aaron Chen, Tom Byvank, Woo-Jin Chang, Atul Bharde, Greg Vieira, Brandon L. Miller, Jeffrey J. Chalmers, Rashid ...Duarte Guevara, Brian Dorvel, Bobby Reddy, Amelie Eriksson Karlstrom, Yu Chen, Hongmiao Ji, Yu Chen, Ratnasingham Sooryakumar, Rashid Bashir. Ultra...Sooryakumar,and Rashid Bashir. Ultra-Localized Single Cell Lysis Using Silicon Nanowires, Lab on a Chip (08 2012) Aaron Chen, Tom Byvank, Gregory B. Vieira

  14. Building Regional R & D Coalition in Jing-Jin-Ji District and Its Economics AnalysisBased on Externality Theory and Pareto Optimality Theory%京津冀区域研发联盟构建及其经济学分析——基于外部性理论与帕累托最优理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王英辉; 李文陆

    2012-01-01

    制度经济学的外部性理论可以证明:只有将京津冀地区独立研发的外部性转为内部性才能使三地研发资源的配置达到最优。帕累托最优理论也证明:通过资源的整合可以达到在没有使京津冀三方中任何一方变坏的前提下,使一方变好,最终达到最优。以这两个理论为基础,通过构建包含有信息协调与共享,市场交易与合约管理,京津冀研发联盟政府支持,关系与政策协调等功能的京津冀区域研发联盟就能够实现京津冀在科技资源配置上达到共赢的目标。%The theory of externality in institutional economics can prove that the independent R~D in Jing-Jin-Ji district has its negative externality. It can be transformed to inernality for the optimum of RInD resources allocation. Pareto optimality theory can also prove that through the integration of resources of Jing-Jin-Ji district one part of coalition can achieve better condition while no other parts get worse till to the best. Based on the two theories, by building Jing-Jin-Ji regional R~D coalition which contains functions of information coordination and sharing, market transaction and contract management, the Jing-Jin-Ji regional R~D coalition government support, relationship and policy co- ordination can achieve the win-win results for Jing-Jin-Ji district in science and technology resources.

  15. SEDIMENTARY PETROLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    20160899 Chen Ji(School of Energy Resources,China University of Geosciences(Beijing),Beijing 100083,China);Jiang Zaixing Sedimentary Facies Characteristics and Palaeoenvironment of Jurassic Yangye Forma-

  16. 中国免疫皮肤病学的开拓者、吴阶平医学奖得主:陈洪铎%Prof.Chen Hongduo: the China Immune Dermatology Pioneer and Wu Jieping Medicine Prize Winner

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭秀芝; 高兴华

    2013-01-01

    Prof.Chen Hongduo is an internationally-renowned expert in the field of dermatology and the first academician at the Academy of Dermatology and Venereology in China.In particular,he has been internationally recognized as the authority in relation to his research on the Langerhans cell,like its origin,distribution,conversion rules,surface antigen,immune function,pathology and closely related-keratinocytes studies.As a result,he made a systematic,creative,meaningful and significant contribution.In 2009,Prof.Chen was awarded the International Society of Dermatology Alliance Recognition Prize by the International Society of Dermatology Alliance,and this is the first time for Chinese to get the honor.In 2012,Prof.Chen was awarded the Wu Jieping Medicine Prize,which is known as China's Nobel Prize in the medical field.%陈洪铎,皮肤性病学界国际知名专家,我国皮肤性病学界首位院士.在皮肤免疫系统,尤其是关于朗格汉斯细胞的研究上,他被国际上公认为权威学者之一.在朗格汉斯细胞的来源、分布、转换规律、表面抗原、免疫功能、病理及与其密切相关的角质形成细胞研究中,他做出了系统的、创造性的、有实际意义的重大贡献.2009年陈洪铎被国际皮肤科学会联盟授予国际皮肤科学会联盟表彰奖,这是我国皮肤科医生首次获得该荣誉.2012年陈洪铎获吴阶平医学奖,该奖项被称为中国医学界的诺贝尔奖.

  17. Discussion of the Medication Characteristics for Amenorrhea Treated by Chen Zi-ming%陈自明治疗月水不通的用药特点探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    相宏杰; 闫石; 刘艳辉; 刘桂荣

    2013-01-01

    The treatment characteristics of amenorrhea by Master Chen was summarized in the paper by studying relevant herbal formulas in Fu Ren Da Quan Liang Fang. Concerning to etiology, Master Chen thought that injury of blood and qi results in weakness of body and wind and cold pathogens invade the uterus . Those internal and external factors damage the Thoroughfare Vessel and the Conception Vcssel,leading to obstruction of blood flow in the uterus,thus amenorrhea happens. This disease focuses on dciiciency of qi and blood and invasion of wind and cold in etiology. Regarding with treatment, Master Chen emphasized on tonifying and promoting treatment to regulate menstruation. Thirty — four formulas for the treatment of amenorrhea were analyzed statistically. It was discovered that those formulas emphasized on nourishing blood and activating blood circulation. The ingredients were warm and neutral in nature and bitter, pungent and sweet in flavor. Most ingredients were in the insect category with strong action on promoting circulation. Additionally the medication usage was flexible and various. All of those reflect the treating principles of tonifying and promoting in menstrual regulation.%文章通过研究中有关妇人月水不通的方剂,总结陈氏治疗月水不通的特点.病因方面,陈氏认为妇人常由"劳伤血气致令体虚""受风冷邪气客于胞内"内外两方面因素损伤冲任,使胞络内血绝不通而经闭,病因重视气血亏虚、风冷乘袭.治疗方面,陈氏重视"补通"以调经.通过统计分析陈氏治疗月水不通的34首方剂,发现其用药方面具有重视养血活血,药性偏温平,药味多苦辛甘,善用虫类药攻坚通络,服药方法灵活多样等特点,均体现了"补通"以调经的治疗原则.

  18. Mid-Late Triassic metamorphic event for Changhai meta-sedimentary rocks from the SE Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt, North China Craton: Evidence from monazite U-Th-Pb and muscovite Ar-Ar dating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Fulai; Wang, Fang; Liou, J. G.; Meng, En; Liu, Jianhui; Yang, Hong; Xiao, Lingling; Cai, Jia; Shi, Jianrong

    2014-11-01

    The precise constraints on the timing of metamorphism of the Changhai metamorphic complex is of great importance considering the prolonged controversial issue of the north margin and the extension of the Sulu-Dabie HP-UHP Belt. While the monazite U-Th-Pb and muscovite 40Ar/39Ar techniques are widely accepted as two of the most powerful dating tools for revealing the thermal histories of medium-low grade metamorphic rocks and precisely constraining the timing of metamorphism. The Changhai metamorphic complex at the SE Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt, North China Craton consists of a variety of pelitic schist and Grt-Ky-bearing paragneiss, and minor quartzite and marble. Analyses of mineral inclusions and back-scattered electric (BSE) images of monazites, combined with LA-ICP-MS U-Th-Pb ages for monazites and 40Ar/39Ar ages for muscovites, provide evidence of the origin and metamorphic age of the Changhai metamorphic complex. Monazites separates from various Grt-Mus schists and Grt-Ky-St-Mus paragneisses exhibit homogeneous BSE images from cores to rims, and contain inclusion assemblages of Grt + Mus + Qtz ± Ctd ± Ky in schist, and Grt + Ky + St + Mus + Pl + Kfs + Qtz inclusions in paragneiss. These inclusion assemblages are very similar to matrix minerals of host rocks, indicating they are metamorphic rather than inherited or detrital in origin. LA-ICP-MS U-Th-Pb dating reveals that monazites of schist and paragneiss have consistent 206Pb/238U ages ranging from 228.1 ± 3.8 to 218.2 ± 3.7 Ma. In contrast, muscovites from various schists show slightly older 40Ar/39Ar plateau ages of 236.1 ± 1.5 to 230.2 ± 1.2 Ma. These geochronological and petrological data conclude that the pelitic sediments have experienced a metamorphic event at the Mid-Late Triassic (236.1-218.2 Ma) rather than the Paleoproterozoic (1950-1850 Ma), commonly regarded as the Precambrian basement for the Jiao-Liao-Ji Belt. Hence, the Changhai metamorphic complex should be considered as a discrete

  19. On the Annotation of Historical Event in Ji Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi%论《集注分类东坡诗》的历史阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何泽棠

    2012-01-01

    The authors ofJi Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi often demonstrated the meanings of certain poems by histori- cal events. They quoted plenty of authentic data, bring forth the politics backdrop of poems, opened out the causa- tion of Su Shi' s poems, so that they made clear the whole meaning of the poems. Incidentally, they explained the meaning of some pivotal sentences, in which, there were many composing methods, just like depiction, literary quotations and comparison.%《王状元集百家注分类东坡先生诗》中注者众多,且距离苏轼生活的年代较近。这些注者根据苏诗与当代史实密切相关的特点,运用孟子提出的"以意逆志"与"知人论世"相结合的诗歌阐释方法,考证与苏诗相关的大小事件,展现诗歌创作的背景,揭示引发诗歌创作的事因,从而解释全篇之意。对使用"赋"体、"比兴"体、典故等不同表现方法的诗句,都能以"本事"为根据,准确地解释其意义,对后来的苏诗注有重要的启发。

  20. 山田业广《千金要方读书记》初探%Preliminary study on Yamada's Qian jin yao fang du shu ji (Reading Notes of Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊德

    2008-01-01

    Yamada was a Japanese famous textology expert and bibliographer of Kampo medicine in the middle and late Edo period, one of his representative works is Qian jin yao fang du shu ji ( Reading Notes of Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), which was completed after he studied Qian jia yao fang (Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold) , with the Song edition of Edo medical library as the master text it check against the Yuan edition, Zbengde edition, Wanli edition, Jiajing edition and handcopied genuine version. The above editions were the best contemporary version even until today, with high literature values. Yamada made a perfect texture research on Qian jin yaofang with familiar textology knowledge so as to cor-rect mistakes, elaborate annotations and judge common words. Unfortunately, there were seldom new ideas and several checked mistakes and wrong annotations.%山田业广是江户中末期日本著名的汉方医学考据学专家、文献学家,是其代表著作之一.山田业广以江户医学馆模刻宋版作为底本,取元刊本、正德本、万历本、嘉靖本、手抄真本等为校本,对进行研究并完成的撰写.以上几种版本是当时乃至现在所存之最善者,具有较高的文献价值.山田业广在中运用熟稔的考据学知识,对进行精良的考证,纠正讹误、阐发文义、判断俗字等方面为其所得;但新颖见解较少,并存在误校误训之处.

  1. Case analysis of advanced treatment project design and operation of Ji'nan Quehua Water Treatment Plant%济南鹊华水厂深度处理改造工程设计及运行分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李浩; 贾瑞宝; 刘衍波

    2012-01-01

    济南鹊华水厂以引黄调蓄水库为水源,原水存在低浊高藻高臭味等问题,水厂原有工艺难以有效处理.为适应国家《生活饮用水卫生标准》(GB 5749-2006)要求,水厂将“混凝—沉淀—过滤液氯消毒”工艺改造为“中置式高密度沉淀—臭氧催化氧化—上向流生物活性炭吸附—V型砂滤—液氯消毒”工艺,改造后的净水工艺对有机物、臭味等特征污染物去除效果明显,出厂水水质稳定达标.%The Yellow River reservoir is used as water source of Ji' nan Quehua Water Treatment Plant. The raw water is characterized by low turbidity, high algae concentration, and high odor, which is difficult to remove by existing process. In order to meet the Standards of drinking water quality (GB 5749-2006), the process of "coagulation-sedimentation-filtration-liquid chlorine disinfection" was reconstructed into "middle high concentration sedimentation-ozone catalytic oxidization-upward flow biological activated carbon adsorption-V type sand filter-liquid chlorine disinfection" process. The new process could remove the characterized pollutants effectively, such as organic matter and odor, and the effluent water quality could meet the standards stably.

  2. A Popular Analysis of "chang fa ji yaoti" from Memetic Perspective%基于模因论的“长发及腰体”现象探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冰; 闫丽俐

    2014-01-01

    基于模因论,对时下网络上迅速传播的“长发及腰体”进行研究。首先分析了其被复制传播所需经历的同化、记忆、表达和传播等四个阶段;其次,考察了其语义来源并指出其具有六言格律诗中二二二结构的语体特点;最后,总结出其使用者追求“心理共鸣”以及“打破常规”等特殊的社会心理特点和价值观取向,以期为网络语言的传播和应用提供有益的启示和借鉴。%From the perspective of memetic Semiotics, the author tries to explore the reasons for rapid spreading buzzwords of “chang fa ji yaoti” online. Firstly, to comprehend this buzzwords' spreading process, this paper carefully analyzes the four stages of language memetic , then it also traces back to the origin of this term and finds out its stylistic feature with six-word poem , and finally reveals the users' typical phycological resonance and their courage of breaking the routine in their own values , and therefore this paper paves the way for people in rightly comprehending and dialectically utilizing buzzwords.

  3. Li Zhengan Movement and the Rural Transport Business in Jin-Cha-Ji Base%李正安运动与晋察冀根据地乡村运输事业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树芳

    2012-01-01

    In the period of Anti-Japanese War, the soldiers and civilians were facing a serious crisis of survival as natural disasters, man- land relationship tension, feudal exploitation and especially the the raids of Japanese and puppet armies in rural Jin-Cha-Ji base. Under the in- fluence of Li Zhengan movement the transport business and trades continued to development, and the rural transport teams had been set up in the base. Which not only improved the lives of the masses, the blockade was broken, the rural social relations, production methods, values and identity system had undergoned tremendous changes in the base.%抗战时期,晋察冀根据地乡村由于自然灾害、人地关系紧张、封建盘剥,尤其是日伪的扫荡,根据地军民面临着严重生存危机。在李正安运动的影响下,根据地乡村运输队纷纷建立,促使根据地乡村运输事业、贸易不断发展。在此过程中不但群众生活得到改善,日伪对根据地的包围、封锁被打破,根据地乡村的社会关系、生产方式、价值观念、制度认同也发生了巨大变化。

  4. Experimental study on the effects of GuiJi cream in anti-fissure and permeability of skin%瑰及乳膏抗皲裂效果及皮肤通透性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王刚; 程晓莉; 张幼林; 张秀华; 常明泉; 李炯; 李涛; 杨光义

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of Guiji cream in the treatment of fissure and permeability of skin.Methods The models of fissure Japonic rabbits were established to observe the effects of skin cream on inhibiting fissure.Rabbits back area was divided into 6 blocks and given different medicines in six different groups:GuiJi cream group of low dosage,middle dosage and high dosage (0.05、0.1、0.2 g/m-2 crude drug of Bletilla colloid respectively),urea frost cream group(0.1 g/m-2),normal saline group and control group.Observe the changes of skin surface symptoms every day.The permeability test was performed on 36 KM mouse and randomly divided into control group,GuiJi cream group and urea frost cream group(0.2 g/m-2).Apply drugs to the back and observe the permeability change of cilia capillary,and auricle swelling degree in mice of each group.Results The curative criteria for Guiji groups was 3.8~4.1,the inhibition rate of auricular swelling was 75%.GuiJi cream could inhibit xylene-induced ear edema (P<0.05) ; the Inhibition rate of vascular permeability was 45.08%,The ear swelling induced by xylene and increased capillary permeability induced by acetic acid in mice were inhibited significantly (P<0.05) by Guiji cream which had obvious effects on fissure as well as the permeability.Conclusion Guiji chapped skin cream played significant functions in treating fissure and acting anti-inflammatory.%目的 探讨瑰及乳膏治疗皮肤皲裂症的疗效及其皮肤通透性.方法 ①用健康日本大耳白兔建立皲裂模型,将6只日本大耳白兔裸露背部划分为6块区域,分别对应瑰及乳膏高剂量组(给药量相当于含白及生药0.2 g/m-2)、瑰及乳膏中剂量组(相当于含白及生药0.1 g/m-2)、瑰及乳膏低剂量组(相当于含白及生药0.05 g/m-2)、尿素霜组(0.1 g/m-2)、生理盐水组(等量的生理盐水)和空白对照组进行抗皲裂试验.每天均匀涂抹药物于对应区域,观察并记录皮肤表面

  5. Socioeconomic status and health in childhood: a comment on Chen, Martin and Matthews, "Socioeconomic status and health: do gradients differ within childhood and adolescence?" (62:9, 2006, 2161-2170).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Anne; Paxson, Christina; Vogl, Tom

    2007-02-01

    Understanding whether the gradient in children's health becomes steeper with age is an important first step in uncovering the mechanisms that connect economic and health status, and in recommending sensible interventions to protect children's health. To that end, this paper examines why two sets of authors, Chen et al. [Socioeconomic status and health: Do gradients differ within childhood and adolescence? Social Science & Medicine, 62, 2161-2170.] and Case et al. [Economic status and health in childhood: The origins of the gradient. American Economic Review, 92, 1308-1334.], using data from the same source, reach markedly different conclusions about income-health gradients in childhood. We find that differences can be explained primarily by the inclusion (exclusion) of a small number of young adults who live independently.

  6. 陈独秀:有革命家气质的启蒙思想家%Chen Duxiu:The EnIightenment Thinker FuII of RevoIutionary Temperament

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左玉河

    2015-01-01

    作为五四新文化运动的主要发起者和五四精神的重要阐释者,陈独秀视伦理觉悟为国人最后之觉悟,形成了从思想文化入手根本解决中国政治问题的基本路向。他坚信孔子之道不合现代生活,对儒家纲常名教进行猛烈批判,但这并不意味着抹杀孔子及儒学的历史价值。他以“不容他人之匡正”的强硬态度来推进文学革命,体现出一位具有革命家气质的思想家的魄力,取得了显著成效。他发起新文化运动的基本思路,是以启蒙为手段来达到政治救亡的目的,故他在新文化运动中从来没有忘记过政治救亡,更没有脱离当时的实际政治活动。他在五四新文化运动后期之放弃了西方的民主主义而信仰马克思主义并主张无产阶级专政,主要是由于他接受了列宁关于无产阶级民主的论述,以阶级分析方法看待民主问题,将民主区分为资产阶级民主与无产阶级民主,并致力于追求真正的民主和更广大的民主———无产阶级和人民大众的多数人的民主。%As the promoter of New Culture and the interpreter of spirits of May Fourth Movement, Chen Duxiu treated moral awareness as national ultimate enlightenment, which developed his primary way to solve the political problem of China from the perspective of the ideology and culture.Chen believed that the Confucianism was not adapted to the modern life, and criticized strongly the Confucian ethical code.However, Chen Duxiu did not wipe out the historical value of Confucius and Confucianism. He took uncompromising attitudes to promote the literary revolution, showing his courage of being an enlightenment thinker full of revolutionary temperament, which got him a good result.His primary thinking of initiating in the New Culture Movement was to achieve political salvation by the enlightenment means.Therefore, he never forgot political salvation in the New Culture Movement and

  7. 陈实功的医德思想对当代医者的启示∗%The Enlightenment of Chen Shigong′s Medical Ethics Thought to Contemporary Healer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁; 王夏强

    2016-01-01

    陈实功的“医家五戒十要”是祖国医学医德传统的精华。其从医生个人品德修养、学习医学的方法、工作态度、价值取向与同道之间的人际关系等方面对医务工作者提出了要求,对当代医者完善自身修养有着重要的现实意义。%The “Five Precepts and Ten Requirements for Doctors” of Chen Shigong is the quintessence in our traditional medical ethics. It put forward requires for doctors in several aspects including personal moral cultivation, methods of learning, attitude towards job, value orientation, and relationship between coworkers. And it has impor-tant practical significance for contemporary doctors to improve their self-cultivation.

  8. 潘仕成与鸦片战争的武器捐造(上)%Weapon Produced by Pan-se-chen in the First Opium War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭展鹏

    2014-01-01

    The British navy defeated the navy of Qing dynasty in the First Opium War,so the merchant Pan-se-chen produced the weapon himself. This paper does some research about Pan-se-chen’s weapon production process.%鸦片战争时期,清军不敌英军。潘仕成自行捐造武器,包括水雷、大炮、战船。文章围绕潘仕成捐造武器一事探究了某些具体细节,分析了他制造武器的思想根源以及武器制造为什么没有继续下去。

  9. Persist in and Carry Forward the Integrative Medical Research——Speech at the 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine by Academician CHEN Zhu,Minister of Ministry of Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine(CAIM)was convened at 19-20,April 2008 in Beijing.Academician CHEN Zhu,the minister of Ministry of Health indicated at the congress that the integration of Chinese and Westem medicine is very well in keeping with the situation of our countw and the general rule of development in medical science;and as a good integration of Chinese medicine and Western medicine,it is mutually beneficial and advantageous to both of them.Seeing the creativity shown in integrative medical investigation in theoretic and methodological sides,we should and must persist in and develop it.

  10. Efficient extraction and preparative separation of four main isoflavonoids from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen leaves by deep eutectic solvents-based negative pressure cavitation extraction followed by macroporous resin column chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lu; Liu, Ju-Zhao; Luo, Meng; Wang, Wei; Huang, Yu-Yan; Efferth, Thomas; Wang, Hui-Mei; Fu, Yu-Jie

    2016-10-15

    In this study, green and efficient deep eutectic solvent-based negative pressure cavitation-assisted extraction (DES-NPCE) followed by macroporous resin column chromatography was developed to extract and separate four main isoflavonoids, i.e. prunetin, tectorigenin, genistein and biochanin A from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen leaves. The extraction procedure was optimized systematically by single-factor experiments and a Box-Behnken experimental design combined with response surface methodology. The maximum extraction yields of prunetin, tectorigenin, genistein and biochanin A reached 1.204, 1.057, 0.911 and 2.448mg/g dry weight, respectively. Moreover, the direct enrichment and separation of four isoflavonoids in DES extraction solution was successfully achieved by macroporous resin AB-8 with recovery yields of more than 80%. The present study provides a convenient and efficient method for the green extraction and preparative separation of active compounds from plants.

  11. Monitoring Protein Conformation Changes as an Activating Step for Protein Interactions with Cross-linking/MS Analysis. / Chen, Zhuo; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Morten

    Monitoring protein conformation changes as an activating step for protein interactions with cross-linking/MS analysis. Chen, Zhou; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri.   Introduction Protein interactions often require conformational changes in proteins....... Chemical cross-linking of proteins coupled with mass spectrometric analysis is emerging as a versatile tool for determining low-resolution three-dimensional structures of proteins. We show in this study that this technique is also able to resolve protein conformation changes, investigating the transition......-linked peptides and manual validation were performed using in-house software. The structural information determined by validated cross-links was compared against C3 and C3b crystal structure using Pymol.   Preliminary results We portray conformation changes from C3 to C3b through observing different group...

  12. 论陈应松“神农架系列”小说中的人性异化%Talk about Fiction Series of in Shennongjia by Chen Yingsong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑明娥; 徐天兴

    2013-01-01

      陈应松的神农架系列小说揭示了种种异化的人性,而心理失衡、城乡对立、物质贫穷、精神贫乏、大众文化是造成人性异化的根。同时,作品也流露出对社会现实的批判,对底层生存境遇的审视,对和谐美好人性的向往。%The series novels of Shennongjia by Chen Yingsong reveal the alienation of human nature, psychological imbalance between urban and rural areas, the material poverty, poor spirit and mass culture are the root of human alienation. At the same time, the works also reveals the criticism of the social reality, the bottom of living conditions and the harmonious human nature.

  13. 晁补之贬谪词“沉咽”之风论略%On Chao Buzhi’s Ci of Relegation with“Chen Ye”Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英

    2015-01-01

    The works with“Chen Ye”style expresses the matters with important meaning of life and deep emotion, not the“leisure things”,“leisure emotion”, and features the sad tune. The intensity of emotion expression is not vi⁃olent nor radical and the expression way bears circumlocution instead of expressing straight from the heart and tak⁃ing in everything at a single glance. Chao Buzhi’s Ci of relegation expresses fame disillusionment, wandering life and the sadness of old age in the emotional content. Sad words and bold words appear alternately in the way of ex⁃pression, and poetic allusions are used to present twists and turns, which is in line with the characteristics of the“Chen Ye”style.%具有“沉咽”风格的作品在内容、情感方面,表现的是那些对于人生意义重大的事,抒发的是深沉的情感,而并非“闲事”、“闲情”,且以悲哀伤感为主调。在情感表现的强度上不激烈、极端,在表现方式上大多委婉曲折,并非直抒胸臆、一览无余。晁补之的贬谪词在情感内容上多抒发功名幻灭、身世飘零、韶华迟暮之悲;在表现方式上悲语、壮语交错呈现,且喜化诗用典以构筑曲折厚重,正符合“沉咽”的风格特征。

  14. The Clinical Observation in Wound Healing of Dressing Changes after Anal Fistula Surgery with Gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao%生肌玉红膏纱条换药对肛瘘术后创面愈合的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张羽; 王艳逊; 高文帅; 陈雄

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后换药促伤口愈合的疗效。方法:治疗组83例以生肌玉红膏纱条治疗;对照组83例以0.2%乳酸依沙吖啶纱条治疗。结果:创面愈合天数治疗组为(10.02±3.52)d,对照组为(15.23±4.57)d,P<0.05,有显著性差异。结论:生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后创面有明显促进伤口愈合、活血行气、生肌止痛的功效。%Objective:Judge the efficacy in wound healing of dressing changes after anal fistula surgery with gauze of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao. Methods:The treatment group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao and the control group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of ethacridine lactate solution. Results:The wound healing time of treatment group was (10.02±3.52)days and the control group was (15.23±4.57)days,there were significant differences. Conclusions:The gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao have a obvious role such as promoting wound healing, blood circulation of qi and the the growth of fresh granulation and analgesic for wound of anal fistula surgery.

  15. 历史文献资料的有效整合与处理 ——以荀悦"抄"《汉书》成《汉纪》为例%Effective Integration and Processing History of Iiterature——Taking Xunyue"Copying"Han into Han Ji as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建会

    2016-01-01

    XunYue's Han Ji is the first famous historical book by "copying". XunYue copied History of the Han Dynasty into the Han-Ji, and in this process, he creatively developed a series of integration of literature-information processing methods, such as "class notation""worm"and "embedding", which is successful in the History of the Han Dynasty in eighty thousand words historical information "copying"into more than eighteen million words of the Han Ji. More important is Xunyue is not only delete into simple, but "creation" in the "copy", especially those aimed at the historical facts and "Xun Yue Says", have a positive effect on the development of Chinese ancient history.%押《汉纪》是我国第一部以"抄"书而成名的史书. 荀悦"抄"《汉书》成《汉纪》,在删繁就简的过程中,创造性地发展了一系列文献整合与信息处理的方法,诸如"类记法""追记法""嵌入法"等,成功地将八十余万言的《汉书》"抄"成十八余万言的《汉纪》. 更为重要的是荀悦不仅仅是删繁就简,而是"抄"中有"作",尤其是那些针对历史史实而发的"荀悦曰",对我国古代史论的发展产生了积极的影响.

  16. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

  17. Mesoscale modeling study of the interactions between aerosols and PBL meteorology during a haze episode in China Jing-Jin-Ji and its near surrounding region - Part 2: Aerosols' radiative feedback effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, H.; Shi, G. Y.; Zhang, X. Y.; Gong, S. L.; Tan, S. C.; Chen, B.; Che, H. Z.; Li, T.

    2014-11-01

    Two model experiments, namely a control (CTL) experiment without aerosol-radiation feedbacks and a RAD experiment with online aerosol-radiation interactions, were designed to study the radiative feedback on regional radiation budgets, PBL meteorology and haze formation due to aerosols during haze episodes over China Jing-Jin-Ji and its near surroundings (3JNS Region, for Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei Province, East Shanxi Province, West Shandong Province and North Henan Province) with a two-way atmospheric chemical transport model. The impact of aerosols on solar radiation reaching Earth's surface, outgoing longwave emission at the top of the atmosphere, air temperature, PBL turbulence diffusion, PBL height, wind speeds, air pressure pattern and PM2.5 has been studied focusing on a haze episode during the period from 7 to 11 July 2008. The results show that the mean solar radiation flux that reaches the ground decreases about 15% in China 3JNS Region and by 20 to 25% in the region with the highest AOD during the haze episode. The fact that aerosol cools the PBL atmosphere but warms the atmosphere above it leads to a more stable atmospheric stratification over the region, which causes a decrease in about 52% of turbulence diffusion and a decrease in about 33% of the PBL height. This consequently forms a positive feedback on the particle concentration within the PBL and the surface as well as the haze formation. On the other hands, aerosol DRF (direct radiative forcing) increases about 9% of PBL wind speed, weakens the subtropical high by about 14 hPa, which aids the collapse of haze pollution, resulting in a negative feedback to the haze episode. The synthetic impacts from the two opposite feedbacks result in about a 14% increase in surface PM2.5. However, the persistence time of both high PM2.5 and haze pollution is not effected by the aerosol DRF. On the contrary over offshore China, aerosols heat the PBL atmosphere and cause unstable atmospheric stratification, but the

  18. Mesoscale modelling study of the interactions between aerosols and PBL meteorology during a haze episode in China Jing-Jin-Ji and its near surrounding region - Part 2: Aerosols' radiative feedback effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, H.; Shi, G. Y.; Zhang, X. Y.; Gong, S. L.; Tan, S. C.; Chen, B.; Che, H. Z.; Li, T.

    2015-03-01

    Two model experiments, namely a control (CTL) experiment without aerosol-radiation feedbacks and a experiment with online aerosol-radiation (RAD) interactions, were designed to study the radiative feedback on regional radiation budgets, planetary boundary layer (PBL) meteorology and haze formation due to aerosols during haze episodes over Jing-Jin-Ji, China, and its near surroundings (3JNS region of China: Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, East Shanxi, West Shandong and North Henan) with a two-way atmospheric chemical transport model. The impact of aerosols on solar radiation reaching Earth's surface, outgoing long-wave emission at the top of the atmosphere, air temperature, PBL turbulence diffusion, PBL height, wind speeds, air pressure pattern and PM2.5 has been studied focusing on a haze episode during the period from 7 to 11 July 2008. The results show that the mean solar radiation flux that reaches the ground decreases by about 15% in 3JNS and 20 to 25%in the region with the highest aerosol optical depth during the haze episode. The fact that aerosol cools the PBL atmosphere but warms the atmosphere above it leads to a more stable atmospheric stratification over the region, which causes a decrease in turbulence diffusion of about 52% and a decrease in the PBL height of about 33%. This consequently forms a positive feedback on the particle concentration within the PBL and the surface as well as the haze formation. Additionally, aerosol direct radiative forcing (DRF) increases PBL wind speed by about 9% and weakens the subtropical high by about 14 hPa, which aids the collapse of haze pollution and results in a negative feedback to the haze episode. The synthetic impacts from the two opposite feedbacks result in about a 14% increase in surface PM2.5. However, the persistence time of both high PM2.5 and haze pollution is not affected by the aerosol DRF. On the contrary over offshore China, aerosols heat the PBL atmosphere and cause unstable atmospheric stratification, but

  19. 吉安市2007-2011年急性弛缓性麻痹病例流行病学分析%Epidemiological analysis on acute flaccid paralysis in Ji'an City from 2007 to 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓斌; 刘晓东; 黄光明

    2012-01-01

    目的 做好急性弛缓性麻痹(AFP)病例的监测工作,维持无脊髓灰质炎(脊灰)状态.方法 采用描述性方法对吉安市2007-2011年急性弛缓性麻痹病例进行流行病学分析.结果 吉安市2007-2011年AFP监测系统共报告AFP病例74例,非AFP病例2例,AFP病例72例,均为非脊灰AFP病例.2007年报告15例,2008年17例,2009年10例,2010年15例,2011年15例; <15岁儿童非脊灰AFP病例报告发病率分别为1.37/10万、1.55/10万、1.085/10万、1.61/10万、1.61/10万.结论 吉安市<15岁儿童非脊灰AFP病例报告发病事连续5年达世界卫生组织和国家卫生部的指标要求(≥1/10万),保持了AFP病例监测系统较高的敏感性.%Objective To do the monitoring work of acute flaccid paralysis ( AFP) well and maintain polio - free status. Method Do epidemiologieal analysis on AFP in Ji'an City from 2007 to 2011 by descriptive method. Results 74 cases were reported by AFP monitoring system in Jian City from 2007 to 2011, of which, 2 cases were non - AFP and 72 cases were AFP. All the cases were non - polio AFP. There were 15 cases in 2007, 17 cases in 2008, 10 cases in 2009, 15 cases in 2010, and 15 cases in 2011. The incidence rates of non -polio AFP of children under 15 years old were I. 37/100 000, 1.55/100 000, 1.085 /100 000, 1.61/100 000, 1.61/100 000, respectively. Conclusions The incidence rate of non ?polio AFP of children under 15 years old had reached the indicator required by WHO and National Ministry of Health for 5 consecutive years (more than or equal to 1/100 000) , which kept a higher sensitivity of AFP monitoring system.

  20. Mesoscale modeling study of the interactions between aerosols and PBL meteorology during a haze episode in China Jing-Jin-Ji and its near surrounding region – Part 2: Aerosols' radiative feedback effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Wang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Two model experiments, namely a control (CTL experiment without aerosol-radiation feedbacks and a RAD experiment with online aerosol-radiation interactions, were designed to study the radiative feedback on regional radiation budgets, PBL meteorology and haze formation due to aerosols during haze episodes over China Jing-Jin-Ji and its near surroundings (3JNS Region, for Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei Province, East Shanxi Province, West Shandong Province and North Henan Province with a two-way atmospheric chemical transport model. The impact of aerosols on solar radiation reaching Earth's surface, outgoing longwave emission at the top of the atmosphere, air temperature, PBL turbulence diffusion, PBL height, wind speeds, air pressure pattern and PM2.5 has been studied focusing on a haze episode during the period from 7 to 11 July 2008. The results show that the mean solar radiation flux that reaches the ground decreases about 15% in China 3JNS Region and by 20 to 25% in the region with the highest AOD during the haze episode. The fact that aerosol cools the PBL atmosphere but warms the atmosphere above it leads to a more stable atmospheric stratification over the region, which causes a decrease in about 52% of turbulence diffusion and a decrease in about 33% of the PBL height. This consequently forms a positive feedback on the particle concentration within the PBL and the surface as well as the haze formation. On the other hands, aerosol DRF (direct radiative forcing increases about 9% of PBL wind speed, weakens the subtropical high by about 14 hPa, which aids the collapse of haze pollution, resulting in a negative feedback to the haze episode. The synthetic impacts from the two opposite feedbacks result in about a 14% increase in surface PM2.5. However, the persistence time of both high PM2.5 and haze pollution is not effected by the aerosol DRF. On the contrary over offshore China, aerosols heat the PBL atmosphere and cause unstable atmospheric

  1. 金鸡散对鸡新城疫免疫的辅助效果研究X%STUDY ON THE ASSISTING EFFECTS OF JIN JI SAN ON CHICKENS BEING IMMUNISED AGAINST ND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡玉梅; 吴绍强; 刘洪彬; 陈学斌; 吴士友

    2001-01-01

    本研究采用13周龄父母代艾维菌种母鸡80只,随机等分成4组,研究中草药制剂金鸡散对新城疫免疫的辅助效果,以左旋咪唑作为免疫增效剂对照,在免疫后不同时间,分别采血测定血清中新城疫抗体滴度及免疫球蛋白G、A、M的含量。结果发现,免疫当日采用2.5%金鸡散拌料连用5d对新城疫免疫有明显增效作用,可显著提高血清新城疫抗体滴度及免疫球蛋白G的含量,使IgG高峰持续时间延长,并延缓IgA、IgM的下降,其免疫增效作用优于左旋咪唑,为一成功的中草药免疫增效剂。%To investigate the assisting effects of Jin Ji San(JJS)—a powder of several kinds of Chinese herbal medicines,on the chicken immunity,80 chickens were divided into 4 groups at random.Chickens were blooded and the serd were seperated and used for determining ND-HI titers and the contents of immunoglobulins G, A and M for several days after immunity.The results showed that, when added JJS into chicken diets at a rate of 2.5% for 5 days from the day of immunising,JJS would have a significant immunity-improving effects.It could improve the sera ND-HI titers and IgG contents,slow the decline of IgA,IgM.It' s immunity-improving effects were better than lavamisole.

  2. 城市道路交通拥堵的分析及对策研究--以济南市为例%Analysis of Urban Road Traffic Congestion and Countermeasure Study:Take Ji'nan as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华

    2016-01-01

    随着经济的发展,人们的生活质量也在不断提高,衣食住行都有了很大的转变,尤其是近几年来,私家车数量不断增多,这在方便人们出行的同时也增加了城市道路的负荷。济南作为省会城市,拥堵现象更是严重,虽然也采用了许多措施如拓宽道路、继续修建高架桥等等,但由于私家车增长速度过快,此类方法效果并不显著。本文从济南市交通状况的实际情况出发,通过提高道路运营车辆的满载率来实现车辆的合理利用,从而达到缓解交通拥堵的目的,并为其他城市治理交通拥堵的问题提供依据。%With the development of economy, people's living quality has been improved, causing great changes in basic necessities of life, especially the increasing number of private cars, which has increased the load of urban roads as well as making travel convenient. Ji'nan as the capital city, the traffic congestion is very serious. Although many measures have been taken such as widened pavement, and building more viaducts, but the effect is not significant due to the excessive growth of number of private cars. Based on the actual traffic situation of Ji’nan, this article studies to realize reasonable use of cars by improving the loading rate of operating cars on the road so as to ease traffic congestion and provide reference for other cities to deal with traffic congestion.

  3. Survey and Analysis on the Occupational Stress of Private College Teachers in Ji'nan City%济南市民办高校教师职业压力调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍雨艳; 张苗宇; 白婧; 贾甜甜

    2015-01-01

    Private higher education has become an important component of China's education system and is developing rapidly in recent years. There is a huge gap on the wages and welfare benefits, professional title appraisal and social status between private colleges and public colleges, resulting in increasingly prominent occupational stress of private college teachers, and severely affecting their physical and psychological health as well as the development of their colleges. Therefore, it is of great real-istic significance to survey and analyze the source and current situation of private college teachers' occupational stress. "Ques-tionnaire on Sources of College Teachers' Occupational Stress" by Shu Renlong[1] was adopted by this paper to measure the occupa-tional stress of private college teachers in Ji'nan City, and the re-sult shows that the overall stress of private college teachers has exceeded the moderate level, and the occupational stress of pro-fessional teachers is closely related to such sources as scientific research and evaluation, and besides, there are differences on different demographic variables.%民办高等教育现已成为我国教育体系中的重要组成部分,近年来发展迅速。民办高校教师在工资福利待遇、职称评定以及社会地位等方面与公办高校的教师存在较大差距,其职业压力也日益明显,严重影响其身心健康及所在高校的发展。因此,对民办高校教师的职业压力来源及现状进行调查分析,具有重要的现实意义。本研究采用束仁龙[1]的《高校教师职业压力来源问卷》对济南市民办高校教师进行职业压力测量,结果显示,民办高校教师总体压力已超过中等水平,专职教师的职业压力与科研、考核等压力源关联度较大,且在不同人口学变量上存在差异。

  4. Mesoscale modeling study of the interactions between aerosols and PBL meteorology during a haze episode in China Jing–Jin–Ji and its near surrounding region – Part 1: Aerosol distributions and meteorological features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Wang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The urbanized region of Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei – often shortened to Jing–Jin–Ji and referred to as the 3JNS region in this paper – and its near surrounding region is becoming China's most polluted area by haze, exceeding even the Yangtze and Pearl river deltas. Aside from pollutant emission, the meteorology of the planetary boundary layer (PBL is the most important factor affecting haze pollution. Focusing on July 2008, the aerosol optical properties and PBL meteorology features closely related with haze formation were simulated in 3JNS region using an online atmospheric chemical transport model. The relationship between regional PBL meteorology, PM2.5, and haze is discussed. Model results accurately simulated the aerosol optical depth (AOD, single scattering albedo (SSA and asymmetry parameter (ASY, validate by comparison with observations from the MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS, the China Aerosol Remote Sensing NETwork (CARSNET and the Aerosol Robotic NETwork (AERONET. Modeled PBL wind speeds showed reasonable agreement with those from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP Reanalysis 2. A monthly mean AOD value as high as 1.2 was found from both model and observations, with a daily mean larger than 2.0 during haze episodes in the 3JNS Region. Modeled and observed SSA values of 0.9–0.96 and ASY values of 0.72–0.74 demonstrated the high scattering characteristic of summer aerosols in this region. PBL wind speeds from modeled and NCEP data both showed a reversing trend of PM2.5 variation, illustrating the importance of the "PBL window shadow" on haze formation. Turbulence diffusion and PBL height showed had opposite phases to surface PM2.5, indicating that lower PBL height and weaker PBL turbulence diffusion are essential to haze formation. It is noted that homogeneous air pressure does not occur at the surface but at an 85–950 hPa height during the haze episode. The momentum transmitting

  5. 《奎章政要》真伪及虞、揭关系辨析%The Authenticity of Kuizhang Zheng Yao and the Relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱江宁

    2013-01-01

      揭斯著《奎章政要》一书的说法,最早见于元末陶宗仪《辍耕录》“奎章政要”条。根据与揭斯同时的欧阳玄为揭斯写的墓志铭、黄蟳为揭斯写的神道碑可以确定,《奎章政要》是讹窜揭斯的《太平政要》所致。“奎章政要”条的描述逻辑乖谬,基本是杜撰,这与元季人士对虞集、揭斯才华的估定以及对他们的熟稔程度有关。人们以揭斯在《范先生诗序》中所提供的虞集关于“元诗四家”的诗评为导火索,对虞、揭关系的解读逐渐偏离事实,引发出许多讹谬。%The earliest mention of Jie Xisi's writing of the book Kuizhang Zheng Yao(《奎章政要》) can be found in Tao Zong yi's Chuo Geng Lu(《辍耕录》). From Jie's epitaph written by his contem-porary Ouyang Xuan and the inscriptions on his tombstone written by Huang Jin,we can conclude that Kuizhang Zheng Yao was actually Jie's Taiping Zheng Yao(《太平政要》). That is to say,the entry of Jie's Kuizhang Zheng Yao in Chuo Geng Lu was invented by its author Tao Zongyi,which is against the fact and logic. Tao's invention is due to the fact that scholars in the late Yuan Dynasty misinterpreted the talents of and the relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi,which gave rise to many misleading ac-counts in that regard. Their interpretation of the relationship between Yu and Jie is based on the shaky foundation of their misunderstanding of Jie's review of Yu's poems in Fanxiansheng Shi Xu(《范先生诗序》).

  6. Kirjastus JI esitles uusi raamatuid / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    18. veebr. Kirjanike Majas Tallinnas esitleti luulekogusid: Kaus, Jan. Miniatuurid ; fs. Alasti ja elus ; Aru, Toomas F. Tahaks keppi Jääääre saatel, ehk, Georges Charles de Heeckeren d’Anthèsi pihtimus (Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2009)

  7. "Lan Ji" Gree-White Porcelain Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    The invention of porcelain is one of China’s greatest contributions to world civilization. Many people have gotten to know China through its porcelain. As we all know, zhongguo and ciqi have the same spelling in English. Green-white porcelain represents a typical style that was fired in the Jingdezhen china kiln which represented the features of the Song Dynasty china kilns. The glaze is a mixture of white and green. The white can be

  8. Kirjastus JI esitles uusi raamatuid / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    18. veebr. Kirjanike Majas Tallinnas esitleti luulekogusid: Kaus, Jan. Miniatuurid ; fs. Alasti ja elus ; Aru, Toomas F. Tahaks keppi Jääääre saatel, ehk, Georges Charles de Heeckeren d’Anthèsi pihtimus (Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2009)

  9. 脸面叙事的深度模式--以陈希我小说为例%The Depth Mode of Face Narrative---A Case Study of Chen Xiwo’ s Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐诗人

    2015-01-01

    The face is an image rich in philosophical significance, so the contemplation on the human face is equal to one on man’ s complexity. Of various ideas on the face, facial makeup, masks, and the face culture are very universal, with Levinas’ s idea of“the face” ethics being prominent. Moreover, the“face” image is also com-monplace in literature texts, but few contemporary writers have ever delved into the ideological depth of narrative through “the face”, as is opposed to Chen Xiwo, a writer from Fujian, who has subconsciously demonstrated such a narrative effect. By referring to Levinas’ s idea of the face ethics and the social implication of the face culture, one can discern that the face image is particularly unique in Chen Xiwo’ s novels, for he has acquired the most pro-found ethical significance in his conscious or subconscious description of facial details.%“脸”是个富含哲学深度的意象,思考人的脸,就等于思考人的复杂性。在关于脸面的思想中,脸谱、面具、面子文化很普遍,而列维纳斯的“脸孔”伦理学思想尤为突出。在文学文本中,“脸面”意象也很普遍,但通过“脸面”来挖掘叙事的思想深度方面,当代作家少有触及,而福建作家陈希我无意地呈现了这种叙事效果。结合列维纳斯的脸面伦理学思想,以脸面文化的社会寓意作为背景,我们可以发现陈希我小说中的脸面意象特别异常,他在有意无意的脸部细节书写里取得了最为深邃的伦理意义。

  10. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GASTROINTESTINAL BACTERIAL STRUCTURE AND DEVELOPMENT OF SILURUS SOLDATOVI MERIDONALIS CHEN%南方大口鲇消化道细菌群落结构与其胃肠分化的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金金; 倪加加; 李学梅; 颜庆云; 余育和

    2013-01-01

    以肉食性南方大口鲇(Silurus soldatovi meridonalis Chen)为对象,研究采用PCR-DGGE指纹技术对其仔稚鱼胃肠道分化过程及细菌群落结构进行了对比分析,进而探讨了细菌群落与胃肠道分化的关系。消化道外部形态和胃肠切片显示13日龄样品起,胃肠在结构上出现较大的分化。DGGE分析结果显示胃肠道细菌群落的分化始于18日龄:从18日龄样品起,肠内细菌群落明显开始分化,但在随后的18-33日龄期间细菌群落结构相对稳定,而胃内细菌群落则一直处于动态变化中。这说明,南方大口鲇仔稚鱼的个体发育过程中,随着胃肠在组织结构上的分化,其消化道细菌群落结构也出现了明显分化,并且胃和肠内细菌群落结构的分化在时间上存在差异。该研究结果将为深入研究胃和肠内细菌群落的功能差异提供基础资料。%To explore the potential relationship between differentiation of gastrointestinal tract and the gastrointestinal microbiota colonization, polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) was applied to analyze the gastrointestinal microbiota alteration of Silurus soldatovi meridonalis Chen with the differentiation of gas-trointestinal tract. The differentiation of the intestinal microbiota started from 18-day samples and kept relatively stable in the following 23-, 28- and 33-day samples. However, the differentiation of the stomach microbiota was in dynamic variation process during the experiment. Morphological observation and histological slices of the gastrointestinal tract suggested a significant differentiation started at the developmental stage of 13-day. It indicated that with the differen-tiation of digestive system, the differentiations of bacteria community structures of both stomach and gut were different in spatiotempord.

  11. 试论陈染文本的女性意识及生命体验%On Feminine Consciousness and Life Experience in Chen Ran’s Texts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白友胜

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to explore text features of Chen Ran from the aspects feminism on the basis of some canonical novels written by Chen Ran who boasts such novel as Private Life, Say Good-bye to the Past, Nowhere to Say Good-bye, characterized by strong feminine consciousness. She tries to have a destructive writing of traditional men and women so as to describe the cleft of feminine narration from her own experi-ence as a creative origin. She also tries to display her narcissistic tendency and strong feminine consciousness of women characters in her novel from the female viewpoint. Her spirit weapon to keep her independency and individuality and the resistance against the society is a reflection of her own intangibly spiritual loneli-ness, a life experience of her own. Most of the female protagonists in her novels all try to adventure, and to flee, especially spiritual escape. Her texts mixing with the deep experience of life and detailed and subtle de-piction so as to exhibit the nature of women or human beings and the connation of life send profound shiver to the bone of the reader.%运用女性主义批评方法,以《私人生活》、《与往事干杯》、《无处告别》等经典文本为主要研究对象,对陈染小说进行了深入分析。认为强烈的女性意识是陈染文本最大的特色。陈染站在女性的立场角度,把传统的男性与女性形象进行颠覆性的书写,表现出女性明显的自恋倾向;无以名状的心灵孤独是陈染笔下女主人公的一种生存体验,而逃离意识更多的是指灵魂的逃离。陈染文本对女性生命体验的书写揭示了女性乃至人性的本质及生命内涵,具有强烈的心灵震撼力。

  12. 浦东拟黑麻蝇三龄幼虫记述(双翅目:麻蝇科)%DESCRIPTION OF THE THIRD STAGE LARVA OF BEZIELLA PUDONGENSIS FAN, CHEN ET LU (IN PRESS) (DIPTERA:SARCOPHAGIDAE)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢兆荣; 邓耀华; 陈之梓

    2003-01-01

    调查中在上海浦东芦苇荡里的死螃蜞体内发现三龄幼虫,经饲养羽化出浦东拟黑麻蝇Beziella pudongensis Fan,Chen et Lu,sp.n.(武夷科学,待发表)雄、雌成虫.本新种三令幼虫记述,亦是拟黑麻蝇属中的幼虫首次报道. 本新种与黑尾黑麻蝇Helicophagella melanura(Meigen)的雄虫虽貌似而不近缘,本文从它们三龄幼虫的体壁、口咽器、前气门、后气门、后突起群的突形等都有很大差异,而生态习性也显然不同,黑尾黑麻蝇幼虫常在人、畜粪中发现,是住区常见蝇种之一,而浦东拟黑麻蝇幼虫仅在大片芦苇荡地表的死螃蜞体内发现.两者绝非近缘属、种.%The third stage larva here described were collected from a dead body of amphibious crab in a reedy marsh at Pudong, Shanghai, China. After rearing them, both sexes of Beziella pudongensis Fan, Chen et Lu (as new species in press, the paper will be published in the journal"Wuyi Science" ) were identified.The third stage larva of the genus Beziella Enderlein is described for the first time.Present species in male is superficially similar to that of Helicophagella melanura (Meigen),but not closely related. According to present study, the characteristics including cephalopharyngeal sclerites, anterior and posterior spiracles, perispiracular tubercles etc. between them are well different. They also differ in bionomics that H. melanura is well known as a common synanthropic fly breeding mainly in human and animal excrement, whereas the larvae of present species being found from a dead amphibious crab on ground in a broad reedy marsh near sea wall. Evidently, they are not close relatives.

  13. Historical Evaluation of Chen Boda and the New Enlightenment Movement%关于陈伯达与新启蒙运动的历史评价问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋平明

    2013-01-01

    In the 1930s, in the field of thought and culture CPC and some left-wing intellectuals launched the New Enlightenment Movement aiming to resist Japan and save the nation and disseminate Marxism. Chen Boda, as one of the leaders in the field of thought and culture,and the minister of propaganda of the Northern Bureau of the Central Committee of CPC,played an essential and fundamental role at all the stages of the New Enlightenment Movement:the beginning,development, climax and end. Starting from the relationship of Chen Boda and New Enlightenment Movement,the paper states systematically the motive and train of thought of his launch of New Enlightenment Movement,reveals his theoretical contribution in the process of the Movement,and then makes objective judgment on Chen’s role in the New Enlightenment Movement.%1930年代,中共和左翼文化人士在思想文化领域发起了一场旨在抗日救国、宣传马克思主义的新启蒙运动。作为北平思想文化界的领军人物和中共北方局宣传部长,陈伯达在新启蒙运动的发起、发展、高潮以及最后走向结束的各个环节,都起到了至关重要的作用。文章从陈伯达与新启蒙运动的关系入手,系统阐述了其发起新启蒙运动的动机及思路,揭示他在新启蒙运动各个历史阶段的理论贡献,进而并对他在新启蒙运动中的作用给予客观评价。

  14. Medication rule of Doctor CHEN Jinghe from Long Jiang Medical School in treating blood stasis syndrome%龙江医派名医陈景河治疗血瘀证用药规律分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婷婷; 刘彬; 韩彦华

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析龙江医派名医陈景河治疗血瘀证的用药规律。方法收集、整理龙江医派名医陈景河在齐齐哈尔中医院门诊治疗血瘀证的中药方剂,建立数据库,利用统计学方法对用药情况进行统计分析。结果整理治疗血瘀证的中药方剂50首,涉及中药194种,用药总频数为610次。结论核心单味药依次为川芎、当归、黄芪、丹参、乳香、没药、党参、红花、白芍等;治疗血瘀证以活血化瘀药、补虚药、清热药、解表药等为主要功效的药物为主;药性以温、寒、平为主;药味以苦、辛、甘为主;归经以肝、脾、心、肺、肾为主。%objective To analyze the medication rule of famous doctor Chen Jing - he from Long Jiang Medical School in Treating blood stasis syndrome. Methods Prescriptions for treatment of blood stasis syndrome of outpa-tients from Qiqihaer Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine written by Long Jiang Medical School’s famous doctor Chen Jing-he were collected and arranged,database was established,and medication rule was analyzed with statistical method. Results The 50 pieces of TCM prescription against blood stasis syndrome were collected,which involved 194 kinds of herbs,and total frequency of medication use reached 610 times. Conclusion Core herbs in proper or-der are Ligusticum chuanxiong,angelica,astragalus,radix salviae miltiorrhizae,Radix Codonopsis,frankincense, myrrh,safflower,Radix Paeoniae Alba,etc;drugs for the treatment of blood stasis were mainly of blood circulation promoting,blood stasis removing,heat clearing and diaphoretic effect;the properties of the herbs were mainly warm, cold and peace;the herbs were mainly of bitter,acrid and sweet;the meridians entered were mainly liver,spleen, heart ,lung and kidney.

  15. 朱熹《仪礼经传通解》对《礼记》经、传的界定%Distinction of the Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji in Zhu Xi’s General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶纯芳

    2014-01-01

    In the title “General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li” “Jing” refers to Yi Li and“Zhuan” refers to the classical texts Li Ji Zhou Li etc.On this premise Zhu Xi attaches the texts in Li Ji such as Guan Yi to the texts in Yi Li such as Guan Li.But much of Yi Li was lost with most of the remaining parts being Shi Li it is not often the case that the two books can be joined neatly while Zhu Xi’s blueprint of the book of Li covers not only Shi Li but also the rituals in family Xiang Xue country and kingdom.The lacking of texts in Yi Li forces Zhu Xi to seek in other texts among which Li Ji is used and split most.How does Zhu Xi place Li Ji in his General Commentary? What is the criteria to distinct Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji? While current researches focuses on how Zhu Xi treats Yi Li how Zhu Xi treats Li Ji in his General Commentary is also crucial.In this article we compares the texts from Li Jiin the General Commentary with the original texts and finds out that Zhu Xi ignoring Li Ji being a classic did heavy rearrangement to Li Ji and in view of practical Li Xue basing on the classics created theoretical basis of a new system of rituals.%《仪礼经传通解》中,“经”指的是《仪礼》,“传”指的是《礼记》《周礼》等其他经书。在此前提下,朱熹将《仪礼》的〈冠礼〉等篇,分别以《礼记》的〈冠义〉各篇作为主从关系配附。但《仪礼》佚失颇多,所存多为士礼,能将二礼整整齐齐相配合的情况有限。然朱熹心目中的礼书蓝图,不仅仅着眼于士礼,而是涵盖家、乡、学、邦国、王朝各个层面的礼仪。《仪礼》经文的不敷使用,迫使朱熹不得不转向寻求其他各经的内容以弥补《仪礼》经文的不足。其中,以《礼记》使用最多、拆分最散。朱熹在《通解》中如何定位《礼记》一经?界定《礼记》经、传的标准是什么?当研究焦点都放在朱熹如何整理《仪

  16. 济南站东咽喉五渡八交组合道岔换铺施工方案研究%Working Plan for Relaying the Five Crossings into Eight Assembly Turnout on the East Throat in Ji'nan Railway Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金增禄; 马玉军

    2011-01-01

    Relaying five crossings into eight assembly turnout of the east throat was a project of Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway in Ji'nan railway station. This article introduces the project carried out under the difficult conditions of transportation and construction in Ji'nan station. A plan was adopted that the turnout was laid outside in advance and laid again inside by man labor together with machines.%济南站东咽喉五渡八交组合道岔换铺是京沪高速铁路引入济南站工程,通过对该组合道岔要点换铺方案研究,确定合理优化的方案,保证有效实施.在济南站运输和施工极为困难条件下采取了场外预铺、正线集中要点52 h,使用人工和机械相结合的方法一次换铺五渡八交组合道岔方案,通过实施,工程保质保量、安全正点顺利完成,达到了预期目的.实践证明,在复杂枢纽车站的改造施工中采取这种要点方案可行.

  17. 杨昌济教育思想对提升高校辅导员非权力性影响力的借鉴%Reference of Yang Chang-ji's education thought on non-power influence of university counselors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史璐璐

    2015-01-01

    杨昌济教育思想以德育为中心、注重实践,是杨先生贯通古今、融汇中西、理论与实践相结合的智慧结晶,是教学相长、与时俱进的科学教育体系.在坚持科学发展观的今天,高校学生思想教育工作者学习借鉴杨昌济先生教育思想,有利于提升自身非权力性影响力、完成立德树人这一根本教育任务.%Yang Chang-ji education thought moral education as the center, pay attention to practice, Mr Yang is well versed in ancient and modern, together, the combination of theory and practice of Chinese and western wisdom crystallization, is the science of teaching is learning, advancing with The Times education system. In today's adhere to the scientific outlook on development, college students' ideological education worker to learn from Mr Yang Chang-ji education ideas, to improve their own non-power influence, complete fundamental education task.

  18. The Research on the Relations between Shi Xiao-ying’LUO HU YE LU and YUN WO JI TAN and Their Historical Value%论释晓莹《罗湖野录》与《云卧纪谈》的关系及史料价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金建锋

    2015-01-01

    Shi Xiao-ying was a big important historian in the Chinese Buddhism history,who had two important Bud-dhism works———LUO HU YE LU and YUN WO JI TAN. The two works had some relations,in which YUN WO JI TA was based on LUO HU YE LU. The two works had some historical values in the Buddhism history,literature history and histori-cal history.%释晓莹是我国佛教史上具有一定影响的佛教史家,现存有两部重要的佛教著作———《罗湖野录》和《云卧纪谈》。两书的关系为:《云卧纪谈》应是《罗湖野录》的续作。两书对佛教史、文学史、史学史研究等具有一定的史料价值。

  19. The Relationship of Yu Dafu's "Trouble of Sex" and "Creation of ChenLun"%论郁达夫“性的苦闷”与《沉沦》的创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟松

    2011-01-01

    Trouble of Sex "is considered one of the most important character in Yu Dafu's autobiographical fiction,from Qian Xingcun put forward in 1928 for the first time," Trouble of Sex " was used by the later researchers constantly." the creation of ChenLun and Yu Dafu' trouble of sex when he studyed in Japan have a close relationship actually.%"性的苦闷"被认为是郁达夫自传体小说的一个重要特征,从钱杏邨1928年评论《沉沦》时首次提出开始,"性的苦闷"便被后来的研究者们不厌其烦的使用。《沉沦》是的创作,也确实与郁达夫留学日本时遭遇的"性的苦闷"有着密切的关系。

  20. 关于建筑演化的思想交流 常青/赵辰对谈%Intellectual Exchanges on the Evolution of Architecture A Dialogue between CHANG Qing and ZHAO Chen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常青; 赵辰; 邓小骅(采编)

    2012-01-01

    As contemporaries, Chang Qing and Zhao Chen have a common background: as scholars they also double as architects, and both are concerned about the contemporary developments in research inarchitectural history. This article records their dialogue and attempts to present the individual personalities of both architects, and the marks that our time have stamped on the research in the history and theory of architecture.%作为同龄人并兼具学者和建筑师的双重身份,常青与赵辰有着相似的成长背景和经历,文章记录了他们的对谈内容,话题主要包括时代烙印、建筑教育、建筑思想等方面,试图呈现出双重身份的建筑师个体以及建筑历史与理论研究的时代印记。

  1. Textual research of ten sentence translations in Chen Guying' s Notes and Translation of Zhuangzi%陈鼓应《庄子今注今译》译文考辨十则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴鑫宇

    2012-01-01

    Zhuangzi has a great impact on the history of Chinese literature, philosophy and aesthetics. It is embedded with the beauty of poetry, painting, music and philosophy, and its language is grand, mysterious, unruly and attractive. Many scholars annotated Zhuangzi, but there are incorrect or inaccurate understandings and translations in some works. Therefore, this paper makes a textual research of ten sentence translations in Chen Guying' s Notes and Translation of Zhuangzi.%《庄子》一书在中国文学史、哲学史、美学史上都有着巨大的影响。它集诗歌之美、绘画之美、音乐之美、哲学之美于一身,《庄子》语言更是恢弘谲怪,玄妙不羁。后世学者多有关于《庄子》注译的作品,但是这些著作对于《庄子》语言的理解和翻译不尽正确或准确。本文对陈鼓应先生之《庄子今注今译》中所发现的一些问题进行必要的考辨。

  2. A Study of CHEN Yi′s Historical Contribution to Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base Area%试析陈毅对井冈山革命根据地建设的历史贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟; 李清平

    2014-01-01

    CHEN Yi was one of the main leaders during the period of struggle in Jinggangshan,and he had made a great deal of contribution to the consolidation and development of Jinggangshan revolutionary base area.For exam-ple,he helped ZHU De reserve the fire of revolution and led the troops to reunite in Jinggangshan;he assisted MAO Ze-dong with ideological and political work to enhance the combat effectiveness of the armed forces;he helped MAO Ze-dong and ZHU De direct battles to smash enemies′military attacks.%陈毅是井冈山斗争时期的主要领导人之一,他为井冈山革命根据地的巩固和发展作出了重要贡献。如协助朱德保存革命火种,率部会师井冈山;辅佐毛泽东做思想政治工作,提升部队战斗力;协助毛泽东、朱德指挥战斗,粉碎敌人军事进攻。

  3. 陈国符道教音乐研究之理解与认知%The Understanding and Cognition of the Historical and Practical Significance of Chen Guofu’s Taoist Music Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红

    2016-01-01

    陈国符是当代较早涉足道教音乐研究的学者,其学术在道教音乐研究史上起到了承上启下的重要作用。文章以陈国符《道乐考略稿》《明清道教音乐考稿》两篇具有代表性的学术成果为例,就如何理解和认知陈国符之道教音乐研究的历史和现实意义作了阐释。%Guofu Chen is one of the earlier scholars who involved in contemporary Taoism music research. His academic influence is far-reaching, and both of his aca-demic ideas and methods played an important role in the history of Taoist music stud-ied. Taken two representative works of Guofu Chen’s DaoyueKaolueGao(TheManu-scriptofTextualResearchonTaoismMusic) and MingandQingDaojiaoYinyueKa-ogao(TheManuscriptofTextualResearchonTaoismMusicinMingandQingDynas-ties) as examples, this paper explained that how to understand and to be cognitive the historical and practical significance of Guofu Chen’s Taoist music researching.

  4. Donglang's Emotion beyond Romanticism:A comment on Modern poet Chen Zengshou's Allegiance to Qing Dynasty%冬郎情结岂香奁--论近代诗人陈曾寿的遗民心态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石任之

    2014-01-01

    晚唐诗人韩偓在清末颇受重视,陈曾寿诗中对韩偓尤为三致其意,其对落花诗的咏叹,以及纪恩与负恩之心理冲突,成为一种很有代表性的“冬郎情结”。而实际上韩偓诗的成就并不是很高,清季遗民之推崇韩偓,更多的是出于对其事唐经历的肯定,以及其眷怀唐室引起的情感共鸣。%Poet Han Wo, whose courtesy name is Dongling, in the late Tang Dynasty was highly valued in the late Qing Dynasty. Chen Zengshou showed his great respect to Han Wo in his poems, and his poems about the fallen flowers and psychological conflict between loyalty and betrayal constituted a typical complex of DongLang. In fact Han Wo's achievements in poetry were not as high as it was deemed, and citizens of the overthrown Qing Dynasty praised Han Wo highly more because of his devotion to the Tang Dynasty and the emotional resonance for the overthrown dynasties.

  5. A preliminary discussion on Daoist bionomy: On the basis of Chen Yingning's philosophy of immortals%道教生命学浅议——从陈撄宁的仙学谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟钟鉴

    2007-01-01

    From the modern point of view,the Daoist regimen culture in China is actually a kind of oriental bionomy.Although it is less developed than the Western life sciences in terms of details and techniques,it has unique advantages in terms of its comprehensive grasp and dynamic observation Of life,as well as its emphasis on the development of life potentiality and on the self adjustment and improvement of living bodies.Chen Yingning reestablished a Daoist bionomy philosophy and sciences,leaving us a valuable legacy.To establish a new bionomy system required by the modern society through learning from the Daoist bionomy,the academic circle has to seriously explore the four issues:(1)at the level of faith,to turn the Daoist faith in deities and gods into a pursuit of ideal personality;(2)with respect to the principles of regimen,to extend the dual cultivation into a kind of universal concept;(3)as with the way of regimen,to learn from the regimen thought of Daoism and combine the inner cultivation with the outer one,and static exercise with dynamic exercise;and(4)with regard to the ways of treatment of diseases,to combine the Daoist medicine with the Western medicine.

  6. 陈云与新中国50-70年代的对外贸易%Chen Yun and China's Foreign Trade From 1950s to 1970s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶明勇

    2015-01-01

    From 1950s to 1970s ,both the New China and its foreign trade faced a very complicated in‐ternational and domestic situation .Chen Yun led the work of foreign trade during this period in line with the principle of the supremacy of the state and the people ,and finally broke down the blockade of western capitalist countries toward China which not only made a good start for the new China's foreign trade ,but al‐so provided a strong support for the subsequent construction of China's national economy .%新中国建立后,面临十分复杂的国际国内形势,20世纪50-70年代的中国对外贸易也在艰难的环境中展开。陈云本着国家和人民利益至上的原则,领导了这一时期中国的对外贸易工作,最终打破西方资本主义国家对中国的封锁。不但使新中国的对外贸易有了一个良好开端,也为随后中国的国民经济建设提供了有力支持。

  7. The Influence of Rotational Inertia on the Hydraulic Transition Process of Yellow Pumping Stations in Ji-xian County%转动惯量对吉县提黄泵站水力过渡过程的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Rotational inertia of pumping units is not only the essential parameter to describe the running state of pump ,but also the significant parameter on an analysis of hydraulic transient ,research on safety protection and optimal design ,which has a great influ‐ence on the pump-stopping water hammer calculation .This paper has studied the First Pump Station of Ji-xian County's eastern yellow irrigation project ,made use of water hammer computing software to simulate hydraulic transient of pumps at sudden power failure ,and analyzed the connection between different rotational inertia and hydraulic transient under two-stage slow-closing butterfly valve and no valve conditions .The results show that increasing rotational inertia of pumping unit under no valve and two-stage slow-closing butterfly valve conditions ,can reduce water hammer pressure and decrease the reverse rotate speed of pumps ,and as rota‐tion inertia is growing ,decompression effect and pump reverse rotate speed reduction are weakened .Under two-stage slow-closing butterfly valve conditions ,water hammer pressure is increasing to a certain degree ,which may have a bad effect on decreasing the water hammer pressure made by increasing rotational inertia of the pump .Adjusting rotational inertia of the pump in water hammer protection is economical and effective ,which will promote the development of water hammer protection measures .%转动惯量不仅是描述水泵机组运行状况的重要参数,也是进行输水系统水力过渡过程分析、安全防护研究和优化设计的重要技术参数,对停泵水锤计算具有很大影响。论文以吉县东城提黄灌溉工程一级泵站为研究对象,利用水锤计算软件对其突然停泵过程进行模拟计算,分析无阀和两阶段缓闭蝶阀作用下不同转动惯量对其水力过渡过程的影响。模拟结果证实无阀和两阶段缓闭蝶阀作用时增大机组转动惯量可以有效减少水锤升压和降低水

  8. Monitoring results of perinatal birth defects in ChangJi region from 2005 to 2013%2005至2013年昌吉州围产儿出生缺陷监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晶; 陈永慧; 朱明福; 吐尔逊江·买买提明; 陈筱萍

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the monitoring results of perinatal birth defects and explore interventions, so as to reduce the incidence of birth defects. Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on the birth defects monitoring data of 99 150 cases from 2005 to 2013 in Changji region to analyze the incidence of birth defects in different year. Results During 2005-2013, the total incidence of perinatal birth defects was 73. 92/10 000, and it reached peak in 2010. Rising trend was found in 2005-2010, while decline trend was found in 2011 to 2013. The top five birth defects diseases accounted for 67. 37% of all defect types, and they were total cleft lip, more finger (toe), neural tube defects, congenital heart disease and equinus varus in turn. The incidence of birth defects was significantly different regarding nation, urban and rural area, gender, and maternal age (χ2 value was 37. 61, 61. 33, 51. 37 and 59. 46, respectively, all P<0. 05). Conclusion In ChangJi region the incidence of perinatal birth defects is relatively high from 2005 to 2013, which indicates that it is necessary to define the emphasis of prevention and conduct studies on etiology and population distribution of birth defects with high incidence so as to provide evidence for reducing birth defects.%目的:分析围产儿出生缺陷的监测结果,探讨出生缺陷干预措施,降低出生缺陷发生率。方法回顾性分析2005至2013年昌吉州辖区内13家医院99150例围产儿的出生缺陷监测资料,分析不同年份及不同出生缺陷发生的情况。结果2005至2013年昌吉州围产儿出生缺陷总发生率为73.92/万,2010年呈现高峰,2005至2010年成上升趋势,2011至2013年逐年下降。前五位出生缺陷病种占全部缺陷类型的67.37%,依次为总唇裂、多指(趾)、神经管缺陷、先天性心脏病、马蹄足内翻。出生缺陷的发生在民族、城乡、男女性别、孕妇年龄间均存在统计学差异(χ2值分别为37.61、61.33、51

  9. Investigation on Occupational Health of Workers in Gas Station in Ji'an City%吉安市加油站作业人员的职业健康状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东风; 刘仁祜; 周宏胜; 郭春富; 胡栋; 冯萍英; 王国栋; 周永涛

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the health conditions of workers in gas stations in Ji'an city and the effect of long-term exposure to gasoline on the health of workers. [ Methods] The occupational health examination was performed on 903 workers from 83 gas stations in Jian. The examination items included occupational history inquiry, routine general medical examination, routine neurological assessment, routine dermatology examination, blood pressure, blood routine examination, urine routine test, liver function and electrocardiogram. The results of the examinations were analyzed. [ Results ] The detection rate of neurasthenic syndrome was 9. 19%. The detection rate of rash, skin allergy, dryness and flakiness of skin, and skin keratinization was 2. 1%. The detection rate of reduction or disappearance of nerve ending sense and Achilles tendon reflex was 2.33%. The detection rate of hypertension, abnormal blood routine examination results, abnormal urine routine test results, abnormal electrocardiogram and abnormal liver function was 6.87% , 5.65% , 2.66% , 9.64% and 2.55% , respectively. The chi-square test showed that the detection rates of hypertension, neurasthenic syndrome, abnormal blood routine and abnormal electrocardiogram increased linearly with increasing age [P <0. 05), and that of neurasthenic syndrome, hypertension, abnormal blood routine, abnormal urine routine and abnormal electrocardiogram increased linearly with increasing working age (P <0.05). [ Conclusion] Long-term exposure to gasoline is harmful to health of workers in gas stations in Jian. Therefore, occupational health surveillance of workers in gas stations should be strengthened.%目的 了解吉安市加油站作业人员的健康状况及长期接触汽油对作业人员健康的影响.方法 对吉安市83家加油站的903名作业人员进行职业健康检查,检查项目包括询问职业史、内科、神经系统、皮肤、血压、血常规、尿常规、肝功能、心电图等,并

  10. Academic achievements of Professor HE Ji-shan dedicated to geophysics for six decades%何继善教授从事地球物理工作60周年学术成就回顾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤井田; 戴前伟; 柳建新; 朱自强; 李帝铨

    2013-01-01

    何继善教授,我国著名地球物理学家、教育家、工程管理学家,我国电(磁)法集大成者之一。1934年出生于湖南省浏阳县。1960年毕业于长春地质学院物探系。1994年当选为中国工程院首批院士。曾任中南工业大学校长、中国有色金属学会副理事长、中国地球物理学会副理事长、中国工程院能源与矿业工程学部主任、湖南省科协主席;1991年~2001年担任《中国有色金属学报》和《中国有色金属学报(英文版)》首任主编;现任湖南省科协名誉主席、中国工程院第五届主席团成员、工程管理学部常委、美国勘探地球物理学家协会(SEG)终身会员。何继善教授长期从事地球物理研究,学术成就卓越。创立了双频激电法,发明了双频激电仪;提出了三元素群的自封闭加法,实现了2n系列伪随机信号的快速递推编码,创立了伪随机信号电法体系;创立了高分辨率检测堤坝管涌渗漏入水口的“流场法”,为病险水库隐患探测和汛期堤坝查险提供了必不可少的技术支撑和科学抢险决策依据;统一了频率域电磁法全区电阻率的定义和算法,创立了广域电磁法,为电磁勘探开辟了崭新的研究领域;创建了中国第一个以地电场与观测系统为特色的国家级重点学科;发明了一系列具有国际先进水平和自主知识产权的地电场观测仪器和装备,为中国资源勘探和工程勘察事业作出了重大贡献。他创立和发展的以伪随机信号电磁法和双频激电法为特色的勘探地球物理理论体系,被国际上誉为应用地球物理界的一重大事件。他的研究成果和学术思想对中国地球物理学的发展有重要指导意义。%Professor HE Ji-shan is a famous geophysicist, educator, engineering management expert and one of the masters who epitomize the electromagnetic methods in China. He was born in Liuyang

  11. 第52届世乒赛男团比赛张继科和马龙技战术对比分析%Comparative Analysis on the Technique and Tactics of ZHANG Ji-ke and MA Long in Man’s Group Final in the 52th World Table Tennis Championships

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁婷婷; 刘乘翔; 闫振龙

    2014-01-01

    横拍打法是男子乒坛的主流打法,在乒乓球发展中起着重要地位。以全台反手为主的张继科和以强大正手为主的马龙是优秀的男子乒乓球横拍打法代表。在第52届世乒赛团体比赛中,张继科输给了同为横拍打法的欧洲选手奥恰洛夫,而马龙战胜了奥恰洛夫。通过对这两场比赛的技战术特点进行系统分析与研究,总结张继科和马龙技战术特点和存在的不足,并给出建议,为横拍运动员的培养训练和提高横拍打法的技战术水平提供参考。%The male shake-hand grip type has been a major playing method in the table tennis circles of China;it played an important role in the development of table tennis.ZHANG Ji-ke whose characteristic is the whole table backhand and MA Long whose characteristic is the strong forehand are the excellent representatives of man’ s shake-hand grip.ZHANG Ji-ke was defeated by OVTCHAROV Dimitrij which defeated by MA Long in Man’ s Group Final of the 52th World Table Tennis Championships.The characteristics of technique and tactics on matches of MA Long versus OVTCHAROV Dimitrij and ZHANG Ji -ke versus OVTCHAROV Dimitrij?are systematically analyzed and researched for summarizing the characteristics of technique and tactics and shortcomings and advices are given to provide reference for training of the shake -hand grip players and the further improvement of the shake-hand grip.

  12. The Reasons for Qian Mu's Setting up a Chapter for Chen Li in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years%钱穆《中国近三百年学术史》特论陈澧之原因析论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜淑红

    2011-01-01

    陈澧作为一个讲学著述终老的普通经生,在学术史上并没有像康有为等人能在晚清思想界留有重要轨迹,而钱穆却在《中国近三百年学术史》中将陈澧单列一章,并且致以"拳拳向往之意"。其原因是多方面的,一方面在于陈澧所处的时代与钱穆相似,即他们都处于学风转变的特殊时代;另一方面是缘于钱穆的高度社会责任感,因陈澧对于新学风的提倡而颇合钱穆"求人才,转世运"的殷切之望。%As an ordinary Confucian from cradle to grave, Chen li didn't play an important role in the academic history like Kang You wei in late Qing dynasty. Qian mu set up a chapter for Chen li and showed "a very admiring meaning" in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years. This reflected Qian mu's subjective judgment for academic contexts. The reasons are various. On the one hand, there exist time similarities of Chen li and Qian mu, that is, they are in special times of study change. On the other hand, it is due to a high social sense of Qian mu, because Chen li's advocating for a new style of study complies with Qian mu's earnest hope of "seeking talents, reincarnation luck".

  13. 读陈寅恪《韦庄〈秦妇吟〉校笺》札记%Notes on Chen Yinge’s “Notes and Proof of Qinfuyin Written by Wei Zhuang”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜红霞

    2015-01-01

    “The notes and proof of Qinfuyin written by Wei Zhuang” is one of Chen Yinge’s masterpieces that interprect poems by applying the approach of “Interprecting Poetry by History”. The article had aroused a upsurge in academia since it was published. Some scholars questioned that — Mr. Chen was in much doubt and believed that“Yangpuguan” was mistakenly written to “Yangzhenguan”. According to the actual geographic position and walking direction, they thought there was a contradiction. For this reason, I’m going to get back to the content of the poem itself, to prove its rationality about Chen’s guess with the historical records, from the point in time and route which Qin Fu ran to the east. Besides, I read “Qinfuyin” again and again and feel deeply that the rhythm is harmonious and the melody is exquisite. However, the long poem was widely circulated among people when it was born. I’ll venture to guess that maybe “Qinfuyin” was widely sung among many singers as a poem, exerting a profound influence, and then it had gradually swept over the fork.%《韦庄〈秦妇吟〉校笺》是陈寅恪先生“以史证诗”释诗方法的代表名篇之一,文章一经问世就在学界掀起了《秦妇吟》研究之风潮。其中不乏学者对陈先生“颇疑‘杨震关’实为‘杨仆关’之讹写”的猜测提出质疑,认为这一猜测与实际地望和行程相矛盾。鉴于此,笔者试图回归《秦妇吟》长诗文本本身,并结合史料,从“秦妇”东奔的时间节点和路线行程两个角度出发来佐证陈寅恪先生猜测的合理性。另外,笔者通过反复吟读《秦妇吟》一诗,较深地感受到这首长诗音韵之和谐、旋律之优美,而诗作诞生的当时,民间就广有流传,并被制为幛子悬挂,作者则被呼为“秦妇吟秀才”,与被称为“长恨歌主”的白居易并称佳话。一首诗歌竟能够产生如此深广的影响,笔者大胆猜

  14. 羅振玉日本教育考察與晚清學制制定的關係 Chen-Yu Lo’ Educational Visit to Japan and the Drafting of School Systems in Late Ch’ing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available 羅振玉早年關心農業與教育,曾辦東文學社教日語,出版《農報》,譯農書,故受張之洞聘請,掌湖北農務局及農學堂。1901年辛丑詔改各省書院為學堂,獲張之洞與劉坤一共薦率員考察日本教育兩個月。先後訪談重要政教人物,參訪東京、京都、奈良等地學校24所,蒐購中小學教科書及理化器材。因時短、行程緊湊及語言限制,未讀前人考察紀錄,自認收穫有限。返國後,他曾獲張之洞五次接見,並命向鄂官員講說教育。又代張之洞擬教育制度草案欲與劉督會奏,但因劉屬官反對遂寢。他遂出版訪日紀錄及資料,並發表〈學制私議〉等文建議興學,部分被鄂參採。當朝廷擬訂壬寅及癸卯學制時,羅未參與而資料只供參考,但章程規定中小學堂學科八科及小學堂以學國語為主等二項,可能與其建議有關。隨行陳毅曾譯日教育法規並兩度遊日,起草奏定章程時,當不會只憑文獻閉門造車,但主政者乏直接經驗,故教育借用日制時難盡合國情。 Chen-Yu Lo had concern about agriculture and education. He was invited by Governor-General Chih-tung Chang to preside over the Agriculture Department of Hubei and its Agriculture School. In 1901, ordered by Chang and Governor-General Kun-I Liu, he led a group of delegates to visit educational institutions in Japan. Within two months, he discussed with influential politicians and educators, visited 24 schools in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara, and purchased elementary and secondary school textbooks and laboratory equipments. When he returned, he had five meetings with Chang, and lectured on education for Hubei officials. On behalf of Chang, Lo had drafted a new educational system, and it was to be presented to the throne by Chang and Liu, however, the proposal was withdrawn due to the objections of Liu’s subordinates. Later, Lo made the collected

  15. Determination of Carbofuran and Pirimicarb from Panax notoginseng (Burk.)F.H.Chen and Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf%中药三七、茯苓中克百威和抗蚜威的测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张举成; 刘卫; 陈瑞; 杨金; 姚立华; 胡蓉绘

    2011-01-01

    [Aims] It was to develop the detection method of carbofuran and pirimicarb from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen and Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. [Methods] The HPLC was employed to determine the carbofuran and pirimicarb from P. Notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen and P. Cocos (Schw.) Wolf. [Results] The chromgraphy conditions was confirmed that the temperature was 30 °C, the velocity was 1 mL/min, the detection wavelength was 210 nm, and the mobile phase was water-acetonitrile (61.5 :38.5, by vol). The linear content of pirimicarb and carbofuran ranged from 1.99×10-4 to 9.95×l0-4μg (r=0.9987) and 1.97×10-4 to 9.85×10-4 μg (r=0.9947) respectively. The RSD of pirimicarb and carbofuran were 13.2 and 7.1% respectively. [Conclusions] The detection method was established and the two pesticides were undetected in the two Chinese herbs. The method had short retention time and the peak didn't overlap with the base material.%[目的]获得中药三七、茯苓中克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法.[方法]通过液相色谱法对中药三七和茯苓中的克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法进行研究.[结果]确定了较优液相色谱检测条件为柱温30℃,流速1 mL/min,检测波长210nm,流动相水-乙腈(体积比61.5:38.5).获得抗蚜威和克百威分别在1.99×10-4~9.95×10-4 μg(r=0.9987)和1.97×10-4~9.85×10-4μg(r=0.9947)范围内线性良好.克百威和抗蚜威的RSD值分别为13.2%和7.1%.[结论]获得了克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法,并且2种中药样品中不含有克百威和抗蚜威.该方法出峰快,能避开受试中药中基质的干扰.

  16. 论陈澧的学术经世思想与实践%An Analysis of Chen li' s Thought and Practice of Integrating Academic Study with Current Affairs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟玉发

    2012-01-01

    陈澧由于受阮元及其所创设的学海堂学风的影响,为学尊尚汉学,并在文字音训考据等领域作出了突出的研究成就。但是,由于受到鸦片战争及太平天国运动等内忧外患的冲击,陈澧中年以后的治学旨趣发生转向,他一面批评汉学末流空疏无用,一面表示应该兼采宋学之长,并将学风看作扭转世风的根本之策。不过,他虽然关注时局、主张禁止鸦片、重视科技实学和工商业,但其言论与著述无非是为了发挥传统儒学中“道术”对“治术”的佐助作用,即以学术来调节社会现实危机和世道人心,而这些都不能从根本上解决晚清时期所遭遇的社会总体性危机。%Affected by the school of Ruan Yuan(1764-L1849) and Xuehaitang which was set up by Ruan in t 820, Chert Li(1810-1882) showed respect for the Han Learning and made splendid achievements in the field of the textual research of phonetics and etymology. But stimulated by domestic trouble and foreign invasion such as the Opium War and the movement of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom etc., Chen Li began to change direction of his study since middle age, and regarded the style of study as key way of reversing the manners of real life. On one hand, he criticized that the later and decadent stage of the Hart Learning indulged in empty talk and ineffec- tive study, and suggested to absorb the merit Of the Song Learning on the other hand. Chen Li much attention to the current affairs, wished to ban on opium-smoking and the opium trade and valued the importance of science and technology as well as industry and commerce. He expected his words and works play the adjuvant role of the "Daoshu" upon the "Zhishu" in the traditional Confucianism, which means to take the learning as the key res- cue of the social crises and manners, but what he did could not thoroughly resolve all of the social problems in the late Qing Dynasty.

  17. DNA Extraction and Ribosomal DNA-ITS Sequence Molecule Barcode Identification from Wood Tissue of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen%降香黄檀木材DNA提取及rDNA-ITS序列条形码分子鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余敏; 张浩; 刘盛全; 金青; 李大周

    2014-01-01

    以不同产地人工林中采取的降香黄檀( Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen)木材为研究对象,提取并扩增不同温度处理后的降香黄檀心、边材DNA和ITS片段,分析不同温度处理对降香黄檀木材DNA提取和PCR扩增的影响;对不同产地的降香黄檀木材及其近缘种多裂黄檀( Dalbergia rimosa Roxb)木材的rDNA-ITS序列进行测定和差异分析。结果表明,25℃和65℃热处理后的木材DNA呈不同程度的弥散分布,105℃热处理后的木材DNA降解成250bp以下的小片段;不同温度处理后的降香黄檀木材,仅有25℃处理后的木材ITS片段能够被成功地扩增。降香黄檀和多裂黄檀ITS序列共存在6个变异位点且ITS2区变异大于ITS1区,聚类分析结果可以将降香黄檀及其近缘种多裂黄檀木材区分开来,为利用ITS条形码序列鉴定降香黄檀木材及其常见混伪品提供理论依据。%The wood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen originated from different sites of plantations were sampled as materials in this paper. DNA from the sapwood and heartwood of D. odorifera treated with various temperature was extracted and amplified for the internal transcribed space ( ITS) sequences. The effects of various temperature treatments on DNA extraction and amplification for target sequences were analyzed. The rDNA-ITS sequences of D. odorifera from different habitats and D. rimosa Roxb, a closely related species, were sequenced and their divergences were analyzed. The results showed that there were varying extents of diffusion with the DNA extracts from the heat treatment of 25℃ and 65℃, and the DNA from the heat treatment of 105℃ was degraded and smaller than 250bp. The ITS sequences can be amplified successfully from wood after 25℃ heat treatments. The distribution of vriations in ITS2 regions of D. odorifera and D. rimosa was larger than ITS1 regions and there were 6 variable sites in both of ITS regions. D. odorifera and D. rimosa could be

  18. Further Study of the Two-way Second Language AcquisitionMode--ADiscussionwithMr.ChenJianmin%再论第二语言双向习得研究模式--兼与陈建民先生商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the defects in Chen Jianmin’s paper Study Mode of Second Language Acquisition ——A Case Study of the Degree Adverb“ 更 ”in Chinese and“ も っ と ”in Japanese. There are four defects. The argument is not rigorous;the comparative analysis is not thorough;the literary styles of corpora are not consistent;reasoning is not correct. About these defects, we use effective corpora to make comparative and error analyses of Chinese and Japanese degree adverbs, and introduce the future research tasks on the two-way second language acquisition.%本文分析了陈建明先生《第二语言习得研究模式初探——以汉语程度副词“更”和日语程度副词“もっと”的分析为例》一文存在的缺陷:立论有失严谨;对比分析不深入;对比分析使用的语料库的文体不一致;推理不正确。针对文章的缺陷,本文利用有效的语料对汉日程度副词再次进行了对比分析和误用分析,并提出今后双向二语习得研究的课题。

  19. 刘弼臣教授中医儿科“调肺学派”探源%Professor LIU Bi-chen's ‘the lung school thought’ in Chinese medicine academy of pediatrics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖

    2012-01-01

    Based on the learning and working experience of contemporary pediatrics masterof Chinese medicine LIU Bi-chen, as the main line, discusses the formation and development process and reasons for the formation of pediatric schools of traditional Chinese medicine 'regulating the lung school'. The professor LIU emphasized 'syndrome differentiation and treatment from five zang viscera, especially from lung theory', and lists the practical application of viewpoint in the clinical work. The article expounds the theoretical basis and the forming process of 'the Shao Yang theory' advocated by professor LIU, and resolved the dispute between 'Chun Yang theory' and 'Zhiyin Zhiyang theory' in the pediatrics of Chinese medicine in the long-term, and better explained the basic physiological and pathological characteristics of children, riched the basic theory of pediatrics of Chinese medicine.%文章以当代中医儿科大家刘弼臣教授的学习、从医经历为主线,论述了中医儿科流派“调肺学派”的形成和发展过程以及形成的原因,强调刘教授的“精于五脏证治,突出从肺论治”的学术观点,并列举该观点在临床工作中的实际应用.详细阐述了刘教授倡导的“少阳学说”的理论依据和形成过程,解决了长期在中医儿科界的“纯阳学说”和“稚阴稚阳学说”之争,较好的解释了儿童的基本生理和病理特点,丰富了中医儿科基本理论.

  20. “诗史互证”研究方法初探--以陈寅恪《读》为例%Mutual interpretation between poetry and history--Chen Yin-ke’s "read " as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康馨

    2015-01-01

    “诗史互证”包括“以诗证史”、“以史证诗”和“诗史互证”三个方面。自中国文学传统始,诗歌与历史同根共源,有着内在不可分离的联系。作为学术研究方法的“诗史互证”,充分结合了此二种文体的内在机制,以历史真实与文本真实相互参照,对文学作品的阐释视野进行了极大地拓展。本文以陈寅恪《读》的研究方法为例,讨论“诗史互证”研究方法在文学研究中的实践与缺憾。%Mutual interpretation between poetry and history includes prove history with poem, the poems in history, mutual interpretation between poetry and history three aspects. Since the beginning of Chinese literary tradition, people who share the common source, poetry and history have inherent integral connection. As academic research method of "people", fully combines the internal mechanism of the two kinds of style, with the historical truth and text real cross-references, explanations of literary works greatly extended. This paper takes Chen Yin-ke’s "read " as an example, discusses the practice and regret of mutual interpretation between poetry and history in the study of research methods in the literature.

  1. A Review of Research on Chen Heqin's Thoughts on Early Childhood Education in the Past 30 Years%陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想研究30年发展概况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖慧; 张永英

    2012-01-01

    陈鹤琴逝世后的三十年间,有关陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想的研究大致经历了三个阶段;研究内容涉及其生平、活教育理论、儿童心理及其研究方法、各领域课程与教学、玩具与游戏、家庭教育、师范教育、特殊教育、比较研究以及实践应用研究等方面;研究成果呈现出量上不断丰富、质上日趋细化和深化的趋势,研究具有明显的时代特色。不过,相关研究仍存在内容重复、零散,方法单一等不足。陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想研究有待进一步向纵深拓展。%In the last 30 years since Chen Heqin's death, the research on his thoughts underwent three phases; the research contents involved his life, educational ideas, children's, psychology and research methodology, curriculum and teaching in various areas, toy play, family education, teacher education, special education, comparative study and application study, etc.; and the research results were increasingly rich in quantity and refined in quality with distinctive time specialty. However, repetition and disorganization in contents and monotony in methodology were detected in the research. Therefore, further research on Chen's thoughts should be encouraged.

  2. Chen Fa had Inherited and Carried forward the Theory of Traditional Solution "I Ching" Style%论陈法对传统解《易》体例的继承和发挥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳恒

    2012-01-01

    The solution I Ching style is reading the "I Ching",the basic principles and methods,which are mainly embodied in the home easy to hexagram and hexagrams words like the relationship between different answer.The relationship between different answer,it produces easy home different solution easy principle,for example,or main take like said,or main take righteousness,or take like,take righteousness and mining and so on.To take like or take righteousness as the foundation,easy home and put forward a series of careful reading style,such as Yao one said,trigram variable said,mutual body said,etc.Chen Fa have inherited and develop the traditional solution easy style in the easy depicting ",its easy research methods,get the affirmation of the author who has compiled "Catalogue Abstract of Four Treasures".%解易体例,即解读《周易》经、传的基本原则和方法,主要体现为易学家对卦爻象和卦象辞关系的不同回答。对这一关系的回答不同,就产生了易学家不同的解易原则,或主取象说,或主取义说,或取象、取义说兼采等等。以取象或取义说为基础,易学家又提出一系列细致的解读体例,如爻位说、卦变说、互体说等。陈法在《易笺》中继承和发挥了传统的解易体例,其易学研究方法,得到《四库全书提要》作者的肯定。

  3. To Study the Compatibility of the ErChen Decoction by Uniform Design of Experiments with Mixtures%混料均匀设计法研究二陈汤的配伍机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张超云; 赵清超; 黄显章; 席先蓉

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究二陈汤的配伍机制;方法:采用混料均匀试验设计对二陈汤方中组成药味及药量进行加减拆方,并选择止咳、化痰两个药理指标,对所得11个处方分别进行药理实验,采用关联度分析和二次多项式逐步回归分析将所得药理数据和处方组成进行处理,用现代科学方法研究二陈汤的配伍机制;结果:证明了方中以半夏为君、以陈皮为臣、佐以茯苓、使以甘草的配伍关系,与该复方中药的传统诠释相一致;结论:本研究为探讨复方总要的配伍机制提供了有意义的尝试.%Objective :To study the compatibility of the ErChen decoction;Methods:Ethanol extract test solutions of the different combinations were prepared according to the uniform design of experiments with mixtures ( U114 ), pharmacologic experiments,such as arresting cough,resolving phlegm. the diuretic effect were carried out with relationed grade analisis and quadratic stepwise regression analisis were applied to interrelationship between the amount of each drug and the pharmacologic data;Results :The results confirmed Rhizoma pinelliae and Pericarpium citri reticulatae are the basis medicines of the decoction,while Poria and Licorice are the adjuvant of it;Conclusion:This study provided a significant try of studying the compatibility of composite herbal medicines.

  4. Chen Yun' s Thinking on Carrying Forward Intra-Party Democracy Is of Great Value of Our time%陈云党内民主建设思想及其当代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房正宏

    2012-01-01

    As an important member of the first and second generations of central collective leadership of the CPC, Chen Yun made contributions to Party building in both theories and practice .His thinking on carrying forward in- tra-Party democracy involves the system of intra- Party democratic activities, democratic centralism, democratization and scientization of policy making within the Party, relationship between democracy and legal systems, and expanding intra-Party democracy to develop people' s democracy. This thinking of his still has great value in the present period. Therefore, it is a must to further improve intra-Party democratic centralism, strengthen legal systems to guarantee democracy, constantly strengthen intra-Party supervision, and expand intra-Party democracy to develop and promote people' s democracy.%作为第一代、第二代中央领导集体的重要成员,陈云对党的建设从理论到实践都有重大建树。其党内民主建设思想涉及党内民主生活制度、民主集中制建设、党内决策的民主化和科学化、民主和法制的关系、发扬党内民主以带动人民民主等诸多方面。陈云的党内民主建设思想在现阶段仍然具有显明的价值:必须进一步完善党内民主集中制;加强法制建设以保障民主,不断加强党内监督;以发展党内民主带动和推进人民民主。

  5. The Anticancer Properties and Apoptosis-inducing Mechanisms of Cinnamaldehyde and the Herbal Prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (黃連解毒湯 Huáng Lián Jiě Dú Tang in Human Hepatoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang-Tzung Lin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC has long been one of the most important causes of cancer mortality in the world. Many natural products and traditional herbal medicines have been used to treat HCC in Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China. The present review aims to describe the anticancer properties and apoptotic mechanisms of cinnamaldehyde, the bioactive ingredient isolated from cinnamon trees, and the herbal prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (黃連解毒湯 Huáng Lián Jiě Dú Tang; HLJDT against human hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Implication of their treatment for the development of targeted therapy against HCC is discussed.

  6. Zhengxing Chen* and Wilna Oldewage-Theron

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    One of the strategies to overcome the high .... sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization ... research institutions or industries, poor distribution networks .... often results in changes in colour and flavour due to ... fortificants that are more resistant to interaction with .... fortification could successfully reduce IDA [30-32].

  7. A Remark on Chen's Theorem (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yingchun CAI

    2008-01-01

    Let p denote a prime and P2 denote an almost prime with at most two prime factors. The author proves that for sufficiently large x,∑ρ≤хр+2=P21 >1.13Cx/log2x, where the constant 1.13 constitutes an improvement of the previous result 1.104 due to J. Wu.

  8. Reinigung superhydrophober Oberflächen

    OpenAIRE

    Dallmann, Silke

    2011-01-01

    The unique surface structure of the lotus leaf in combination with hydrophobic epicuticular wax crystalloids results in extreme water repellency and self-cleaning properties. In recent years biomimetic superhydrophobic surfaces have been fabricated by mimicking the structure of the lotus leaf. The biggest problem of the fine surface roughness is the sensitivity to oily contaminants and mechanical stress which limit the application of technical superhydrophobic sur...

  9. 神圣与洁净:广西龙胜红瑶祭社仪式的社区整合意义%Divinity and Purity:the Significance of Social Integration of Ji She in Red Yao Longsheng of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯智明

    2014-01-01

    祭社是一种古老的祭祀仪式,从古至今对村落社区的社会整合都具有重要意义。广西龙胜各族自治县红瑶地区的祭社仪式伴生着“社老制”民间宗教组织,较好地保留了原始公社制的民主推选、共食和分肉的平均主义,是凝聚红瑶村落共同体的核心纽带之一。红瑶人对祭祀的神圣性与洁净的认同,在很大程度上促进了“社”信仰的传承,并有助于红瑶传统村落社区社会秩序的维护。%Ji She (the Memorial Ceremony of She), an ancient sacrificial ceremony, has been playing a significant role in the so-cial integration of village communities in all ages. For all ethnic groups’ autonomous counties in Longsheng, Guangxi, the Ji She ceremony in their Red Yao area is accompanied with folk religious organizations in the"She Lao System" (“She Lao” means the leader of the community), which better retains the democratic election of original commune system and the equalitarianism that people eat together and share meat. The ceremony is regarded as one of the core links of the Red Yao village communities. The acknowledgment of people in Red Yao about the divinity and purity of sacrifice promotes the heritage of people’s faith in “She”to a large extent and contributes to the maintenance of the social order of traditional village communities in Red Yao.

  10. 连锁酒店产品战略分析--以济南市槐荫区7天连锁酒店为例%Analysis of chain hotel product strategy:Taking Ji'nan District 7 Days Inn as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹炜

    2013-01-01

      以济南市槐荫区7天连锁酒店经十中路分店的产品销售战略为研究对象,主要采用随机问卷调查和实地考察的方法进行数据收集,运用 Excel软件对调查的数据进行整理分析,以SWO T战略组合模型提出该酒店可以采用WO 战略,即扭转内部劣势把握外部机会,使其产品在同类酒店中更具优势,从而使得7天连锁酒店在济南市经济型酒店市场中更具竞争力。%In Huaiyin District of Ji'nan city 7 Days Inn after ten road store sales strategy as the research ob-ject ,mainly adopts the method of random questionnaire and on-the-spot investigation to collect data ,use Excel software to analyze the survey data ,the SWOT strategic combination model is proposed for the hotel can adopt the WO strategy ,namely the torsion internal weaknesses grasp the external opportunities ,make the products more competitive in the same hotel ,w hich makes the 7 Days Inn in the more competitive mar-ket in Ji'nan city Econo Hotel .

  11. 吴地西施“响屐舞”的民族风格与地域风格研究∗%A Study of National Style and Geographical Style of“Xiang Ji Dance”by Xi Shi in Wu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符姗姗; 冯程程

    2016-01-01

    西施“响屐舞”是吴地舞蹈史上的经典与代表,因其独特的舞蹈风格从古至今备受关注,该舞蹈风格的形成也离不开吴地民族风格与地域风格的影响。通过具体分析吴地民族文化、环境、图腾等对舞蹈动作、姿态、动律、节奏等民族风格形成的影响,以及吴地地域环境对舞蹈表现形式、表演形式、舞蹈动作、舞蹈道具等同质性与异质性地域风格形成的影响,论述了西施“响屐舞”的独特价值。%the “Xiang Ji Dance”by Xi Shi (who was one of the renowned Four Beauties of ancient Chi-na)sets up a separate flag in the dance history of Wu (referred to the Wu Country in Spring and Autumn Period of ancient China).Its unique characteristics are influenced by the national style and regional style of Wu .In the paper,the author discusses the influence of regional culture,environment and spirit on the dance movements,postures and rhythm,as well as the influence of geographical environment on the re-gional homogeneity and heterogeneity style of dance patterns,performance forms,dance movements and dance properties.It discusses the unique value of the"Xiang Ji Dance".

  12. 以和为体--嵇康《声无哀乐论》中的音乐本体论%With Harmony as the Noumenon:Ji Kang’ s Ontology of Music in Music Has no Sorrow or Joy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨杰

    2014-01-01

    Ji Kang thinks music has it’ s own identity.Originating from the nature, the essence of music is its natural harmony, which has nothing to do with the political situation and human emotion.Harmony in emotion can produce harmonious music, and harmonious music can affect human emotion, the two sides complementing each other.Ji Kang’ s musical aesthetics steers clear of human emotion and political situation, and probes into musical regularity and artistry itself, which supports his political view of inaction in governance.However, this political goal never serves the purpose, while his views about music and aesthetics do have significant impact on the following generations.%嵇康认为音声源于天地自然,有其自身不变的体性,这种体性体现在音乐上就是音乐以平和为体,与人的哀乐情感无关。平和的人心显现于外产生平和的音乐,平和的音乐感发宣导人心,二者相得益彰才能既有利于音乐艺术的发展,又能使音乐起到影响人心的作用。因此,嵇康以和为体的音乐美学,就是要深入探讨音乐自身的内在规律性与艺术性,为其崇尚的无为政治作论证。但实际上,《声无哀乐论》的政治目的从未实现过,而其在音乐学及美学上对后世的影响才是更重要的。

  13. Detection of Oxidation Resisting Activity and Content of Flavonoid in Different ChenPi with HPLC%用HPCL 检测不同成药时间陈皮中类黄酮含量及其抗氧化活性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童红梅

    2012-01-01

    目的:采用HPLC 法,检测不同成药时间陈皮中类黄酮含量及其抗氧化活性.方法:以柠檬酸- 乙酸铵缓冲液和甲醇为流动相,利用梯度洗脱,分析1 年、2 年、3 年、5 年陈皮中橘皮素、新橙皮苷、柚皮苷、橙皮苷、川陈皮素、槲皮素、芦丁、圣草枸杞苷的含量并利用FRAP 和DPPH 法评价不同成药时间陈皮提取物抗氧化活性.结果:5 年、3 年陈皮中8 种类黄酮组分的含量均高于1、2 年的陈皮和新鲜陈皮,5 年陈皮抗氧化活性高达11.07 mg/gDW.结论:陈皮的抗氧化活性与8 种类黄酮组分的总量呈显著正相关关系.%Objective: To determine contents of flavonoid and its oxidation resisting activity in different ChenPi (Citrus Reticulata) with HPLC. Method: Hesperetin, neohesperidin, naringoside, hesperidin, nobiletin, quercetin, me-lim and eriocitrin in ChenPi of one year, two years and five years were analyzed with gradient elution, in which mobile phase was citric acid-ammonium acetate buffer and methanol, and their oxidation resisting activities from different ChenPi were evaluated with FRAP and DPPH. Result: Contents of eight kinds of flavonoids in ChenPi of three years and five years were higher than that in ChenPi of one year, two years and fresh one, Oxidation resisting activity of extract from five years was up to 11.07 mg/g DW. Conclusion: There was notable positive relationship between total contents of eight kinds of flavonoids and their oxidation resisting activity.

  14. On the Systematic Position of Eosipterus yangi Ji et Ji, 1997 among Pterodactyloids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Junchang; GAO Chunling; MENG Qingjin; LIU Jinyuan; JI Qiang

    2006-01-01

    A comparison of the new specimen with the holotype of Eosipterus from western Liaoning Province indicates that Eosipterus is a valid genus, which belongs to the family Ctenochasmatidae. The revised diagnosis of Eosipterus includes the wing span is less than 1.25 meters, the length of the ulna is nearly equal to these of wing phalanx 2 and the tibia, humerus is longer than tibia, and the ratio of metatarsal to tibia is approximately 0.40.

  15. 论陈独秀文学思想的启蒙现代性和政治先锋性%On the Enlightenment Modernity and Political Pioneer Spirit of Chen Duxiu' s Literary Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯慧敏; 谢昭新

    2012-01-01

    陈独秀文学思想是在19世纪末和20世纪初思想启蒙运动中建立起来的。其文学思想带有鲜明的思想启蒙现代性和政治革命先锋性的特点。他的启蒙现代性主要是重视文学传播革命思想,唤起国民思想觉悟;吸收西方进步文化思想,批判封建旧文化、旧文学的彻底革命精神;他的政治“先锋性”主要以民主主义思想为指导,以政治革命为意图而发动文学革命,重视文学的政治功能,提倡文学为人生的现实主义原则,用全新的观念确立小说的文学正宗地位。%Founded in the Ideological Enlightenment Movement of the late 19th century and the early 20th century, Chen Duxiu' s literary thought was characterized by distinct enlightenment modernity and political revolu- tionary pioneer spirit. His enlightenment modernity lay in his heeding the dissemination of revolutionary ideas via literature to arouse the national ideological consciousness as well as in his thorough revolutionary spirit of absorbing the western progressive cultural thought and of criticizing the traditional feudal culture and literature. His political pioneer spirit was embodied in his launch of a literary revolution for a political revolution under the guidance of the democratic thought so as to value the political function of literature, to advocate the principle of realism--literature is for life, and to establish the authentic literary status of fiction via brand-new notions.

  16. The Evolution and Sharp Changes in the Transition -On the Transmutation of CHEN Zhongshi' s Novel Creation%过渡中的渐进和蜕变——论陈忠实小说创作的嬗变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆新

    2011-01-01

    在过渡阶段的陈忠实清醒地意识到文化背景和地域环境对于人物性格形成和命运走向的重要性。《梆子老太》、《到老杨树背后去》等作品已开始关注和着力刻画历史文化背景和地域环境对人物心理与命运的影响,并以建构人物的文化心理结构为创作重心;《蓝袍先生》的写作则预示了作家关于对民族命运的宏大命题的思考,使作家萌发了更为巨大的艺术"野心",因而诞生了创作一部"民族秘史"的初衷。作者对以往的创作进行了深刻的反思,同时又注重对文学经典的吸纳,终于如凤凰涅槃般地完成了长篇巨制《白鹿原》的创作。%CHEN Zhongshi in the transition acutely awares the important of cultural backgrounds and geographical environment for the formation and destiny trend of characters. Such works as Bang Zi Lao Tai,Dao Lao Yang Shu Bei Hou Que,etc. begin to pay attention to and delineate the influence of cultural backgrounds and geographical environment on characters' osvehology and destiny, and take the construction of characters' Lan Pao Xian Sheng indicates cultural and psychological structure the writer' s thinking about national sprout great artistic "ambitions", so coming into being the original as creative focus. The writing of destiny, which makes the writer intention of creating "a national secret history". The writer carries on a profound reflection on past works,and pays attention to absorbing literary classics ,finally completes the long masterpiece Bai Lu Yuan.

  17. On Research of the Era of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival%《陈可常端阳仙化》为明代作品考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田冬梅; 张颖夫

    2013-01-01

    "San Yan"are the best novels' collections of vernacular short stories in ancient China. There are still lots of controversies and research space about the novels' creative era. Through investigation, the author believes that the novel of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival was created in the Ming Dynasty. First of all, the author questioned the previous researching point of view that they thought the novel was written in the Song Dynasty;secondly, according to the differences of the criminal justice system in the Song, the Yuan, the Ming Dynasty, the change of "Samen Island" territorial right, proved that the novel couldn't be written in the Southern Song Dynasty;finally, according to the administrative divisions' history of the "Wenzhou government" and "Lin'an government", the author proved that the novel was written in the Ming Dynasty.%  “三言”是中国古代成就最高的白话短篇小说集,关于其中作品的成书时代依然存在着很大的争议和研究空间。《警世通言·陈可常端阳仙化》一文,胡士莹和郑振铎两位先生认为是宋人话本,实则应为明代作品。首先,对前人提出的“宋人话本”说的研究观点提出质疑;其次,根据宋元明时期刑法制度的差异,“沙门岛”领土所属权的变化,证明这篇作品绝非创作于南宋时期;最后,根据“温州府”和“临安府”行政区划的历史沿革,进一步证明这篇小说为明代作品。

  18. Loss of Genetic Diversity of Domesticated Panax notoginseng F H Chen as Evidenced by ITS Sequence and AFLP Polymorphism: A Comparative Study with P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Liang ZHOU; Gao-Ming XIONG; Zhong-Yi LI; Jun WEN

    2005-01-01

    In the present study, we evaluated the genetic diversity of Panax notoginseng F H Chen, a domesticated species, and P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng, an endangered wild species in southeastern Yunnan and adjacent areas in Vietnam, using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Twenty-four accessions from three plantations of P. notoginseng and 51 samples from eight populations of P. stipuleanatus were assayed. A total of 694 bp of partial sequences of 18S, ITS 1, 5.8S, ITS2, and partial sequences of 26S were obtained. No sequence variation was detected within P. notoginseng and nine sites (1.30%) were variable in P. stipuleanatus. Two-thirds of the variable sites were found between Langqiao and other populations. In P. notoginseng, four pairs of AFLP primer combinations generated 312 bands, of which 240 (76.9%) were polymorphic and 60.15% of the polymorphisms were harbored within plantations. Approximately 41.0% and 66.9% of bands were polymorphic in population D7 and 5589, respectively. In P.stipuleanatus, the same four primer combinations produced 346 bands, of which 334 (96.5%) were polymorphic and approximately 62.14% of polymorphisms were maintained within populations. Considerable variations were observed. The percentage of polymorphic bands ranged from 50.2% to 84.9% and the average over populations was 70.9%. Cluster analysis did not show correlation of genetic differentiation with the distinctive leaf morphology of P. stipuleanatus (i.e. one form with bipinnatifid leaflets and the other with undivided leaflets). Because over 40% of genetic variations were maintained among populations and because of the very restricted distribution of P. stipuleanatus, all natural populations of this species should be conserved in situ. Considering that there are variations in P. notoginseng within and among plantations, we suggest establishing a genetic resource

  19. On the Academic History Value of Paperback Books Collected by Chen Yuan--A Concurrent Discussion on the Value of the National Library ’s Book Collection from Social Donation%陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值--兼论国图馆藏社会捐赠图书的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马学良

    2016-01-01

    接受社会捐赠,是图书馆馆藏资源建设的重要途径。文章以国家图书馆所藏著名历史学家、校勘学家陈垣先生赠书中的平装本图书为切入点,通过对陈垣先生治学之路的总括,深入分析了陈垣先生所藏平装本图书的来源——朋友圈、同事圈、学生圈之间的往来投赠,揭示了陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值。文章通过对陈垣平装本图书的分析,提出应该重视图书馆社会捐赠图书的整理与研究。%Accepting social donation is an important approach of library resource construction. With the paperback book collection in the National Library donated by Mr. Chen Yuan( a famous historian and emenda⁃tor) as the breakthrough point, this article, by an overall summary of his way of academic research, has a deep analysis of the sources of Mr. Chen Yuan ’s paperback book collection---gift exchanges from circles of friends, colleges and students, and it reveals the academic history value of those books. Through an analysis of Chen Yuan’s paperback books, the article proposes that importance should be attached to the reorganization, revela⁃tion and research of the library ’s books from social donation.

  20. Epania gressitti Huang, Chen & Cai, a new species intercepted in imported ebony timber from Papua New Guinea at Hainan port%海南口岸从巴新进境柿属木材中截获天牛新种——嘉氏萎鞘天牛

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡波; 敖苏; 韩玉春; 徐卫; 刘福秀; 林明光; 李伟东; 韩晓晖; 李治道

    2015-01-01

    海南口岸从巴布亚新几内亚进境柿属(Diospyros sp.)木材中截获一种天牛,经鉴定为天牛新种——嘉氏萎鞘天牛(Epania gressitti Huang,Chen&Cai,2014).本文对该种的形态特征进行了重描述,增加雄性生殖器的形态描述,并编制近似种检索表,供检疫鉴定时参考.

  1. Physical health status and its influential factors among the elderly ≥65 years old in Ji'nan city%济南市≥65岁老人身体健康状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱嫒嫒; 李士雪; 吴敏; Ning Jackie Zhang; 宁博; Thomas Wan; Lynn Unruh

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the health status and its influential factors among the elderly in Ji' nan city and to compare the difference in health status between urban and rural elderly.Methods With multi-stage simple random sampling,a questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 071 elderly ≥65 years old in Ji' nan city.The generalized linear model was adopted in data analyses.Results Of all the elderly ,the proportion of reporting good,normal,and bad self-perceived physical heath was 13.40% ( 143 ), 68.10% (729), and 18.50 % ( 198 ), respectively.Perceived health status of urban elderly was better than that of rural elderly.There were 63.02% of the elderly reporting chronic disease history,with a higher prevalence of chronic disease history among urban elderly.The top six common chronic diseases among the elderly wrere high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, chronic bronchitis, cervical disease, and cerebrovascular disease.Physical health score of the urban elderly was higher than that of the rural.Conclusion The health status of elderly population in Ji' nan is not optimistic.Age, the evaluation to residential community ( village ), psychiatric/psychological score, place of residence,and average monthly personal income have significant effects on health status of the elderly.%目的 了解山东省济南市老年人身体健康状况并比较城乡区别.方法 采用分层随机抽样方法 选取样本,采用问卷调查方法,对济南市1 071名≥165岁老年人进行了入户调查,并拟合广义线性模型进行统计分析.结果 1071人中,自评身体健康状况很好者143人,占13.40%;自评一般者729人,占68.10%;自评较差者198人,占18.50%;与同龄人比较,自评身体健康状况很好者106人,占9.90%;自评较好者313人,占29.20%;自评一般者522人,占48.70%;自评较差者128人,占12.00%;城市好于农村,差异有统计学意义(u=-4.544,P=0.000);患有慢性病老年人675人,患病率为63.02%,城市老年人

  2. 济南市热浪与心理疾病就诊人次关系的病例交叉研究%Association between Heat Waves and Daily Hospital Visits for Mental Illness in Ji'nan:a Case-Crossover Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪娜; 张颖; 单晓英; 张敬轩; 姜宝法

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨热浪对济南市居民心理疾病日就诊人次的影响.方法 运用病例交叉研究的基本方法,采用单向对照设计和时间分层的对照设计,分析济南市2010年6月1日-8月31日期间发生的热浪事件与居民心理疾病日就诊人次的关系.结果 研究期间共发生4次热浪,4次热浪对每日心理疾病就诊人次影响的单向对照设计和时间分层对照设计的OR值及其95%CI分别为2.224(1.980~2.498)和2.439(2.192~2.713),2.940(2.444~3.536)和2.940(2.575~3.358),3.165(2.657~3.771)和3.436(3.013~3.918),3.019(2.476~3.681)和3.039(2.536~3.642).4次热浪均存在滞后效应,滞后期分别为3、2、3、2d.结论 2010年济南市的4次热浪事件均使当地居民心理疾病的日就诊人次明显增加,且存在滞后效应.%Objective To explore the effects of heat waves on daily hospital visits for mental illness (ICD-10: F00-F99) in summer of 2010 in Ji'nan, Shandong, China. Methods Case-crossover study designs, including unidirectional approach and bi-directional time-stratified approach, were used to evaluate the relationship between heat waves from Jun. To Aug. And daily hospital visits for mental illness in Ji'nan. Results There were four heat waves in the investigation period (Jun. 1 to Aug. 30, 2010 ). The OR values for the four heat waves of the two designs were 2.224 (95%C/:1.980-2.498)and 2.439 (95%C/:2.192-2.713); 2.940 (95%C/:2.444-3.536)and 2.940 (95%C/:2.575-3.358);3.165 (95%C/:2.657-3.771)and 3.436 (95%C/:3.013-3.918);3.019 (95%C/:2.476-3.681)and 3.039 (95%C/:2.536-3.642). The lag time of the effects were 3, 2, 3 and 2 days, respectively. Conclusion The summer heat waves in 2010 are associated with increased daily hospital visits of mental illness in Ji' nan with a two to three days lagged effect.

  3. Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils from Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen%海南花梨木花精油成分分析及其抑菌活性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽霞; 刘胜辉; 陈歆; 彭黎旭

    2011-01-01

    采用GC-MS联用技术检测了海南花梨木鲜花花精油的化学组成及相对含量,并采用苯醚甲环唑作为对照测定了该精油对香蕉枯萎病菌的抗菌活性.花精油中共鉴定出17种成分,包括烷烃类(53.33%)、邻苯二甲酸二丁酯(14.02%)、邻苯二甲酸二异辛酯(4.37%)、9,12-十八碳二烯酸(14.00%)、α-香树精(8.37%)、1-三十烷醇(2.57%)和二十八烷醇(1.45%)等.抑菌试验表明,花精油和苯醚甲环唑对香蕉枯萎病菌具有一定的抑制作用,其抑制作用随着处理浓度的加大而增强;在接种培养初期,苯醚甲环唑对香蕉枯萎病菌产生明显的抑制作用而花精油不明显,随着时间的延长,花精油对香蕉枯萎病菌的抑制作用逐渐变强,并在7d后与苯醚甲环唑的抑制作用无明显差异.%Chemical constituents and their contents of the essential oils from the flower of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen were examined by GC-MS and then the anti-microbial activities of the essential oils to Fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. Cubense were tested. Quantitative determination was conducted using area normalization method. There were 17 chemical constituents identified in the essential oils. The major ones of the constituents were alkanes (53.33%), Dibutyl phthalate (14.02%)、 1, 2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester (4.37%), 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (14.00%), a-Amyrin (8.37%), 1, 30-Triacontanediol (2.57%), 1-Octacosanol (1.45%). The essential oils exhibited antimicrobial activities against Fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. Cubense. Variance analysis suggested that there was a significant difference of antimicrobial activity between essential oisl and difenoconazole at the beginning after treatment After 7 days, there was no significant difference in antimicrobial activity against Fusarium oxysporum £ sp. Cubense.

  4. 海南岛降香黄檀区系组成与群落特征分析%Floristic Composition and Community Characteristics of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen, an Endemic Species to Hainan Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨冬华; 陈福; 宋希强; 罗冠勇; 徐庆

    2012-01-01

    As an endemic specie to Hainan, Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen belongs to the second national-class important wild conservative plant, which not only used as a superior material timber for high-grade furniture and elegant handicraft, but also as a famous traditional Chinese medicine. We investigated wild population in Hainan island that showed there were 43 families of vascular plants including 68 genera and 71 species in Dalbergia odorifera wild community without obvious dominant family. The proportion of single-species families and the monotypic genera was high. The geographic element of the community flora was multiple, and predominant with tropical element. The wild community was distributed in two different habitats: the Limestone habitat and the Granite habitat. Dalbergia odorifera was adaptable to soil fertility and pH value. Excessive logging and habitat loss became main factors for this species to be seriously damaged. According to 1UCN criterion, it is regarded as to be CE (critically endangered) species. Therefore, scientific conservation strategy is put forward in this paperand acclimatization theory is provided which not only help to guide market demand but also support the sustainable utilization.%降香黄檀为国家二级重点保护野生植物.海南特有种.是制造高档家具和精美工艺品的上好材料及名贵药材。通过对海南降香黄檀自然分布区实地调查.发现降香黄檀群落包括维管束植物43科68属71种;优势科不明显。单种科和单种属所占比例较大;群落植物区系地理成分多样,以热带成分为主;野生群落分布于石灰岩生境和花岗岩生境两种生境类型;对土壤肥力和酸碱度有一定的适应幅度;其野生资源过度采伐,生境遭到严重破坏。按IUCN濒危等级标准评估.处于“极危濒危”状态。针对降香黄檀濒危现状和原因,提出科学的保育策略。研究结果为该物种的引种驯化提供基础依

  5. Filtering reaction dynamics using nearside-farside theory and local angular momentum theory: application to the angular scattering of the H + D2(v(i) = 0, j(i) = 0) --> HD(v(f) = 3, j(f) = 0) + D reaction in the energy and time domains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monks, P D D; Connor, J N L; Bouakline, F

    2009-04-23

    We investigate methods for filtering reaction mechanisms in the angular scattering of the state-to-state reaction, H + D(2)(v(i) = 0, j(i) = 0, m(i) = 0) --> HD(v(f) = 3, j(f) = 0, m(f) = 0) + D, where v(i), j(i), and m(i) and v(f), j(f), and m(f) are initial and final vibrational, rotational, and helicity quantum numbers, respectively. The input to our filtrations is a new set of accurate quantum scattering matrix elements for total energies in the range 1.52-2.50 eV (in steps of 0.01 eV) and for total angular momentum quantum numbers in the range, 0-40, in steps of unity. We filter reaction mechanisms in both the energy domain and the time domain. The time-domain calculations employ the plane wave packet formulation of time-dependent scattering. The theoretical tools used are nearside-farside (NF) analysis of partial wave series for scattering amplitudes, together with NF local angular momentum (LAM) theory. An energy-domain LAM analysis reveals the existence of an important dynamical feature in the N scattering, a "trench" which bisects the (energy, angle) plane. We use the location of this trench to approximately filter two reaction mechanisms. Transformation to the time domain demonstrates that the two reaction mechanisms correspond to direct and delayed (by about 25 fs) scattering. Further analysis, including filtration in the time domain, shows that the pronounced LAM trench arises from the interference of the energy-domain analogues of the time-direct and time-delayed scattering. Our theory and results provide the first successful demonstration of reaction mechanism filtering carried out directly in the (energy, angle) domain. The calculations and results in this paper extend and complement earlier research reported by Monks, Connor, and Althorpe (Monks, P. D. D.; Connor, J. N. L.; Althorpe, S. C. J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 741; J. Phys. Chem. A 2007, 111, 10302).

  6. 《小诗代简寄曹雪芹》写于乾隆二十六年二月底%Xiao Shi Dai Jian Ji Cao Xueqin Was Written at the End of February in the 26th Years the Qing Emperor Qianlong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童力群

    2012-01-01

      The writing time of Xiao Shi Dai Jian Ji Cao Xueqin is the key to the verification of the date of death of Cao Xueqin. For, in the original copy of Mao Zhai Shi Chao, the four poems of Gu Cha Xiao Qi, Guo Yi Mou Dong Xuan, Dian Qiu and Xiao Shi Dai Jian were copied tightly without any sign of cutting and sticking. For Guo Yi Mou Dong Xuan was written in the spring of the 26th Years the Qing Emperor Qianlong, Xiao Shi Dai Jian Ji Cao Xueqin was written at almost the same time. Cao Xueqin was not in Beijing in the 25th year, so“three days prior to the event”should be the late February. And as he was traveling the mountain areas in northern suburb of Beijing from February 20 to March 20 in the 27th years, it was not written during that period. And it was at Dun Min's home not Dun Cheng’s that the meeting was hosted by Dun Min for the prediction of the poem.%  《小诗代简寄曹雪芹》的写作时间是讨论曹雪芹卒年的关键。因为在《懋斋诗抄》的原件上,《古刹小憩》《过贻谋东轩》《典裘》和《小诗代简》这4首诗是紧密接连抄写的,没有剪贴的痕迹;又因为《过貽谋东轩》写于乾隆二十六年春;所以,《小诗代简寄曹雪芹》写于乾隆二十六年春。乾隆二十五年春曹雪芹不在北京。“上巳前三日”,应为二月底。敦诚乾隆二十七年二月二十日至三月二十日到北京北郊山区旅游,不在家;因此,《小诗代简寄曹雪芹》不会写于乾隆二十七年。敦敏所主办暨邀请的这次聚会(《小诗代简寄曹雪芹》预言的聚会)的地点是敦敏家,不是敦诚家。

  7. A Noble Character and Poetry Quality---Doubled as the Preface to Selected Poem of Chen Yi the Six Languages Version%人品诗品双高洁--《陈毅诗选》联合国六种工作语言版序

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李肇星

    2014-01-01

    As an admirer and successor of Marshal Chen Yi, with his deep reverence and memory, the author analyzed the qualities and feelings displayed in the poems composed during Chen Yi’s revolutionary career, which were a sense of historical mission of being loyal to the Motherland, lofty sentiments of civilian supremacy, an exemplary conduct and noble character of being broad-minded toward others and strict self-discipline and a diplomatic philosophy of good neighborly friendship and mutual respect.%作为陈毅元帅的崇拜者与继任者,满怀崇敬与缅怀之情,结合陈毅元帅的革命生涯,探析了陈毅诗歌表现出的对祖国无限忠诚的历史使命感,人民至上的崇高情怀,宽以待人、严于律己的高风亮节以及国际间睦邻友好、相互尊重的外交理念。

  8. The Dynamic, Natural and Poetic Language of Individuality -A Case Study of Chen Yingsong' s Collected Works%生活、自然、诗化的个性语言——以《陈应松文集》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙厚雄

    2012-01-01

    陈应松以其“荆楚”尤其是“神农架系列”小说的独特的语言个性,正在逐步形成自己的艺术风格,且语言个性愈来愈鲜明。小说较多地使用方言俚语和“四字句”。动词的应用是写作者“匠心独运”的结果。诗化语言、诗意盎然的文本意境、散文笔法、排比句式、快节奏的叙事技巧等都构成了小说不可忽视的个性特点。%Chen Yingsong' s novels are of unique Shenguong Jia" featuring their special individuality linguistic traits, as is evident in "the novel series on , their unique artistic style and their increasingly individual lan- guage, because in the novels can be found an enormous use of dialects, slang words and "four-character sen- tences" as well as the use of the verb--the result of the writer' s exercise of his inventive mind. In short, the poetic language, the textual mood with the poetic quality, the prose style, the sentence pattern of parallelism, and the fast-paced narrative skill, etc. have constituted the assignable features of individuality in Chen' s novels.

  9. Pseudosasa zhongyanensis S.H.Chen, K.F.Huang et H.Z.Guo,a New Species of Pseudosasa of Bambusoideae from China%中国竹亚科矢竹属一新种——中岩茶秆竹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈松河; 黄克福; 郭惠珠; 蔡邦平

    2012-01-01

    A new species of the genus Pseudosasa Makino ex Nakai of Bambusoideae from China, P. zhongyanensis S. H. Chen, K. F. Huang et H. Z. Guo, which was found to grow in Xiamen Wan-shi Mountain and Xiamen Tian-zhu Mountain, Fujian Province, is described and illustrated in this paper. This new species is similar to P. amabilis ( McClure) Keng f. but differs by having distinct residuum, when the culm-sheathes falls, and su-berine sticking out around the basic culm-sheathes scar, the culm-sheathes scar is taller than culm scar, small and eversion culm-sheathes ear on the culm-sheathes upside, wrinkle and curving oral setae on the culm-sheathes ear edge, nearly glabrous or some short pubescences occasionally on the culm-sheathes tongue.%描述了竹亚科矢竹属一新种——中岩茶秆竹(Pseudosasa zhongyanensis S.H.Chen,K.F.Huang et H.Z.Guo).本种与茶秆竹(P.amabilis(McClure) Keng f.)相近似,但箨环具明显箨基残留物和木栓质隆起,高于秆环,箨鞘顶端具小型外翻箨耳,耳缘具皱曲繸毛,箨舌几无毛或有短柔毛.,易于区别.

  10. From the Perspective of Marxism in China :Analysis the Economic Theory of CHEN Yun%陈云经济思想探析——以马克思主义中国化为研究视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊花

    2011-01-01

    CHEN Yun as an important member of the central leadership , Who has contributed to china'economic development greatly. It's economic theory rich the Marx' Materialist dialectics ,develop the economic theory of Marx, implement the mass viewpoint and line of Materialism. From the perspective of Marxism in china , comprehensively analysis the economic the- ory of CHEN Yun which has great theoretical and practical significance.%陈云作为我国第一、二代中央领导集体的重要成员,为我国经济建设作出了突出贡献。其经济思想既丰富和发展了马克思主义的唯物辩证法思想,又创造性地发展了马克思主义的经济学理论,并将唯物史观的群众观点和群众路线落到了实处。陈云的经济思想是马克思主义中国化进程中的具体成果。

  11. 底层青年的求生探索--论石一枫的中篇小说《世间已无陈金芳》%Survival Exploration on Underlying Youth---On Shi Yifeng’s novella There is no more Chen Jinf ang in the world

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙湘婷

    2015-01-01

    Shi Yifeng's novella There is no more Chen Jinf ang in the world ,focuses on the outsider , Chen Jinfang ,wants to take root in Beijing and will amount to a thing .Although being laughed ,and taunted ,she paid all the costs for success .However ,a person is not looked upon with favor just because his harder work than others ,she is still living in the lower level of society .The whole story is shrouded in an atmosphere of sadness .The survival exploration of the underlying youth has become a common concern of many w riters .%石一枫的中篇小说《世间已无陈金芳》讲述了外来者陈金芳想要扎根北京,混出点名堂的故事。虽然被人嘲讽、备尝艰辛,但为了成功陈金芳可以付出一切的代价,然而老天并没有因为她比别人更加努力而垂青她,她依然沉沦于生活底层。整个小说的叙述氛围都笼罩在悲凉的气氛中。底层青年的求生探索已成为众多作家共同关注的社会现象。

  12. 去象征化世界中的诗歌书写——关于陈贞诗歌日常化叙事的思考%Poems written in the de-symbolized world:Some reflections on the daily narration of CHEN Zhen' s poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘臻

    2012-01-01

    As the modernization improves people' s living standard, the world of mythological symbol has been declined. On the basis of attention to daily narration and individuality narration, CHEN Zhen' s poetry attempts to observe the disappearance of symbolic order, and endow the description objects with new metaphors. Meanwhile, in the plain and simple statement, CHEN Zhen' s poems also induce us to think about the desymbolized world by cognition and criticism of modernization.%现代化大潮在改善人们物质生活的同时,也导致了神话象征世界的失落。陈贞的部分诗歌,正是以象征秩序的消逝为一种看的参照,在关注日常化叙事和个体性叙事的基础上,对失去了传统象征魅力的描述对象重新赋予新的隐喻。与此同时,在质朴而客观的陈述态度中,陈贞诗歌也以对现代性的认知和批判为契机,引导我们思考世界是如何被去象征化的。

  13. Creating the Spiritual Utopia for Females in the Confusing world——on the Plight of Contemporary Intellectual Females from Chen Ran's Private Life%在迷乱的尘世构建女性精神乌托邦——从陈染的《私人生活》看当代知识女性的生存困境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶少芳

    2009-01-01

    陈染在长篇小说里,为倪拗拗构建了一个精神乌托邦,但接连的现实悲剧让内心深处的精神乌托邦幻灭后,她只能寻求另一种自我拯救的方式——在自我圈定的世界里达到超然.文本所蕴涵的象征性的剖析是具现实性的,陈染在深刻反思生命、本源、意识和人性等重大的前沿问题时,也让更多的人来关注和探求当代知识女性的精神出路问题.%Chen Ran created a utopia for Ni Niuniuin in his novel Private Life, but with the succession of the tragedies Ni is disillusioned with the spiritual utopia at he bottom of her heart, and has no choices but to find her own way of self-rescue, that is, to be transcendent in her own defined world. The symbolic analysis of the novel is realistic. Apart from his profound self-examination of the forefront major issues such as life, origin, consciousness and human nature, Chen Ran urges more and more people to concern and explore the inner world of contemporary intellectual females.

  14. An Interpretation of the Practical Significance “Tong-jun- san- gong” —— Viewing the jj -diao ji- phenomenon%解读“同均三宫”理论的实践意义——从二人台牌子曲“借调记谱”现象谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓文; 苗金海

    2012-01-01

    “Tong-jun- san -gong”phenomenon and its relevant theory is a major discovery of Mr. Huang Xiang- peng in the field of traditional Chinese music. Based on the interpretation and application of this theory, this article holds that the substance of “Jjie - diao - ji - pu”phenomenon is avoiding the high musical scale and levy great importance to the lower musical scale. It helps us to rethink the practical significance of the theory of the “ Tong- jun -san- gong” study in depth and enrich ethnic folk music Gong- diao theory.%“同均三宫”现象与相关理论,是黄翔鹏先生在中国传统乐学领域的重大发现。对这一理论的解读与应用,发现二人台牌子曲“借调记谱”现象背后掩盖的是重视下徵音阶而回避正声音阶的实质。其有助于我们重新认识“同均三宫”理论的实践意义,以丰富民族民间音乐的宫调理论,进而使研究深入。

  15. 法庭科学的真谛——重温林几教授《二十年来法医学之进步》%The True Meaning of Forensic Science — A Retrospective Study of a Dissertation Developments of Forensic Medicine in The Past Twenty Years written by professor Lin Ji(1897-1951)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑞亭

    2012-01-01

    The Dissertation,,Developments of Forensic Medicine in The Past Twenty Years(Lin,1946),was written based on a combinational research results with regards to forensic history,connotation,definition,education,academic,legislation,humanity and personality.This dissertation is a sample representation of Lin Ji's overall educational methods and academic theories.Moreover,the article revealed the truth of forensic science,which is of historic and practical importance.%《二十年来法医学之进步》一文,是林几对法庭科学史、法庭科学内涵、范围、管理、教育、学术、立法及法庭科学人文、人格等的研究成果,是林几的教育思想及学术思想的集中体现。文章揭示了法庭科学的真谛,对今天仍有十分重要的历史和现实意义。

  16. 京沪高速铁路济南西站站房施工组织和关键施工技术%Construction Organization and Key Construction Techniques of Ji'nan West Railway Station Building on Beijing-Shanghai High-speed Railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁辉

    2011-01-01

    The paper describes in detail the scientific and technical innovations in the construction process for Ji'nan west station on Beijing - Shanghai high-speed railway including; CFG pile cap soil mould construction method which can enhance working efficiency and save labor; convenient movable reinforcement steel storage shed; mud cleaning device for CFG piles suitable to sticky geological conditions etc. The working style of soliciting for help outside and inviting for help at home was persisted. Technical innovations provide motive power for the construction and play a huge role in creating economic and social benefits.%针对济南西站站房工程特点,重点介绍济南西站站房的建设组织以及基础施工降、停水,超长混凝土楼板.网梁楼盖,钢结构吊装,屋盖累积滑移,无站台柱雨棚张弦梁等关键施工工艺和技术创新.

  17. The Relationship between the Evolution of the Wei-Jin and Southern Dynasties Aristocracy and the Literary Creation---Taking Lu Ji,Wang Rong as Example%论魏晋南朝士族的演变与文学创作关系--以陆机、王融为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁琳

    2014-01-01

    Lu Ji and Wang Rong are two representative aristocracy writers in the Wei -Jin and Southern Dynasties , their literary status ,family tradition and personality temperament and life experience have similarities .But literary thought , creation on the content and style are quite different , Some of this was influenced by implicit in the aristocracy of evolution in different period of development . Through the comparative study of two people help to further explore the influence of the evolution of the Wei -Jin and Southern Dynas-ties aristocracy to the aristocracy writers ’ creation .%陆机和王融是魏晋南朝时期两位有代表性的士族文人,他们的文学地位、家世传统、人格性情和人生经历都有相似之处。但文学思想、创作内容和风格上却迥然不同,这其中受到了潜在的士族在不同时期的发展演变状况的影响。通过两人的对比研究有助于进一步探究魏晋南朝时期的士族演变史对士族文人创作的影响。

  18. Thought on "The Nature of the Music"——About Ji kang's music theory and the awakening of the people%"声无哀乐"之思——浅论嵇康音乐理论与人的觉醒

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任在喻

    2009-01-01

    China's music theory was established as early as the the time of formation of etiquette and music culture in Zhou Dynasty. However, the traditional music theory focused on the sociality of the music and more often than not it overlooked its personal nature. The rise of metaphysics between Wei and Jin period provided a favorable environment for the new theory. It was under this circumstance that Ji Kang discussed the relation between music and man. His new theory on Music Aesthetics represented the reality of the awakening of the people at that time and from one side reflected the historical background of the "Consciousness of Art".%中国的音乐理论早在周代礼乐文化形成之时就已建立,但传统的音乐理论注重音乐的社会性,往往忽视了个体性.魏晋时期的玄学兴起为新的理论提供了有利的环境,嵇康就在这个背景之下论述了音乐与个人的关系,其音乐美学的新观点体现了那个时期人的觉醒的现实,也从一个则面说明了"文的自觉"的时代背景.

  19. 吉黑复合造山带古亚洲洋向滨太平洋构造域转换:时间标志与全球构造的联系%TRANSITION FROM PALEO-ASIAN OCEAN DOMAIN TO CIRCUM-PACIFIC OCEAN DOMAIN FOR THE JI-HEI COMPOSITE OROGENIC BELT: Time Mark and Relationship to Global Tectonics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭玉鲸; 齐成栋; 周晓东; 卢兴波; 董红辰; 李壮

    2012-01-01

    The rhythmic coupling of geological events of tectonic movement, magmatism, metamorphism, deposit formation and so on indicate that, for the Ji-Hei composite orogenic belt, the ending time of the Paleo-Asian Ocean tectonic domain is 250 - 230 Ma; while the starting time of the Pacific Ocean tectonic domain is 227 - 222 Ma. From the view of global tectonics, they are constrained by the forming time of Pangaea (330 - 230 Ma) and its first splitting time (224 Ma) after it entered the new super-continent cycle (230 - 0 Ma).%构造运动、岩浆活动、变质作用、矿床形成等地质事件节律的耦合,表明吉黑复合造山带古亚洲洋构造体制结束的综合标志时间为250~230 Ma,太平洋构造体制启动的综合标志时间为227~222 Ma.从全球构造观之,它们受Pangaea联合古陆形成的时间(330~230 Ma)和进入新超大陆旋回(230~0 Ma)首次裂解的时间(224 Ma)所制约.

  20. From the Psychoanalytic Point of Comparison, The Peony Pavilion o Dream and The Tale of Genji.Kwai Ji Psychology of Fem%从精神分析角度比较《牡丹亭·惊梦》与《源氏物语·葵姬》的女性人物心理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧婧

    2011-01-01

    本文从弗洛伊德精神分析方法的“自我、本我与超我”的人格理论角度出发,阐释明代传奇《牡丹亭·惊梦》一出中杜丽娘“梦中幽会”与日本平安时代长篇小说《源氏物语·葵姬》一章中六条妃子“生魂出窍”的原因,探讨两部作品中两位女性的心理过程。%This method of psychoanalysis from Freud's "ego, id and the superego," the perspective of personality theory to explain the legend of the Ming Dynasty, The Peony Pavilion o Pavilion in Du a "dream tryst" and Heian era novel The Tale of Genji'Kwai Ji chapt

  1. Retraction RETRACTION of "Methylation of the RASSFIA promoter in breast cancer" by Y. Ji, H.H. Jin, M.D. Wang, W.X. Cao, J.L. Bao - Genet. Mol. Res. 15 (2): gmr.15028261 (2016) - DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15028261.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Y; Jin, H H; Wang, M D; Cao, W X; Bao, J L

    2016-10-07

    The retracted article is: Ji Y, Jin HH, Wang MD, Cao WX, et al. (2016). Methylation of the RASSFIA promoter in breast cancer. Genet. Mol. Res. 15: gmr.15028261. There are significant parts of this article (particularly, in the discussion section) that are copied from "Methylation of HIN-1, RASSF1A, RIL and CDH13 in breast cancer is associated with clinical characteristics, but only RASSF1A methylation is associated with outcome", by Jia Xu, Priya B Shetty, Weiwei Feng, Carol Chenault, Robert C Bast Jr, Jean-Pierre J Issa, Susan G Hilsenbeck and Yinhua Yu, published in BMC Cancer 2012; 12: 243. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-12-243. The first paragraphs of both discussions are identical. This is concerning. The abstract and introduction sections have much of their text plagiarized. Overall, there is high plagiarism detected. The GMR editorial staff was alerted and after a thorough investigation, we have strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure and, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract the article in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics.

  2. Městský blok mezi ulicemi Údolni, Úvoz, Tvrdého, Všetičkova a Jiřikovskeho v Brně Podtitul: Ulice Údolni - urbanistické otazníky

    OpenAIRE

    Jánošíková, Zuzana

    2016-01-01

    Mým prvním zadáním bylo řešit ulici Údolní z hlediska urbanismu. Vytipovat kladné a záporné oblasti a místa. A navrhnout jejich řešení i v návaznosti na historii. Po analýzách a důkladném prozkoumání ulice, jsem našla několik nedostatkových míst. Prvním je prostor naproti Obilnému trhu + areál ombudsmana. Podle mého názoru se tato stavba sem nehodí a nahradila bych ji bytovými domy s obchodním parterem, tak jak tomu bylo i v minulosti. V nedávné době vybudovaná zahrada, která spojuje park na ...

  3. 浅谈图书馆流通业务外包——以吉安市图书馆为例%Talking about the Outsourcing of Library 's Circulation Service———Taking Ji'an Library as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨华芳

    2015-01-01

    Library's outsourcing is an effective way for improving the quality of library's core operation and the benefits of library services. Connecting with the working practice of Ji'an Library, this paper expounds the origins and significance of implementing the outsourcing of circulation service in the library, analyzes the effects achieved by the library after implementing the outsourcing of circulation service and the difficulties existing in implementing the outsourcing of circulation service, and probes into the steps and countermeasures for implementing the outsourcing of circulation service.%图书馆业务外包是提高图书馆核心业务工作质量和办馆效益的有效途径.结合吉安市图书馆工作实际,阐述了图书馆实施流通业务外包的缘由及意义,分析了流通业务外包后图书馆取得的成效和存在的困难, 探索了实施流通业务外包的步骤及对策.

  4. The 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China was held in Wuhan, China Professor Yuan Chen was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China%2011年湖北省癌症康复与姑息治疗学术年会在武汉召开——同济医院陈元教授当选为新一届主任委员

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi Cheng

    2012-01-01

    @@ On Dec.9th, 2011, the 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei was held in Wuhan, China.The symposium was hosted by Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, and jointly undertaken by Tongji Hospital, China.More than 100 cancer experts, clinicians and nurses participated in the conference.Professor Yuan Chen, from Tongji Cancer Center, Tongji Hospital, China, was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China.

  5. Chen Jitang’s Proposal on Psychological Transformation--Compared with Sun Yat-sen's Psychological Construction Thought%论陈济棠的心理改造主张--兼与孙中山的心理建设思想相比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振武

    2013-01-01

      During his term in Guangdong, Chen Jitang had laid stress on moral construction by psychological transformation. The purpose of this move, on the one hand, was to consolidate its dominant position in Guangdong by controlling people's minds; and on the other hand, was to show his deep concerns of society at that time, in which the public moral was both in a downward spiral and of a morally corrupt status quo. He tried his efforts to bring changes to that situation, and lay a good mass psychological basis for the hope of the national rejuvenation. Chen Jitang’s analysis and comment on the social morbid psychology of the society at his time still have reference value for people today. This paper compares psychological transformation advocated by Chen Jitang with Sun Yat-sen's psychological construction thought, so as to have a comprehensive and objective understanding about Chen’s psychological transformation.%  陈济棠主政广东期间,一直非常强调通过心理改造加强道德建设。此举一方面是为了控制人心,以巩固自己在广东的统治地位;另一方面亦显示出他对当时社会世风日下、道德败坏现状的深沉忧虑,并力图加以改观,为民族复兴奠定良好的民众心理基础。陈济棠当年对社会病态心理的分析和针砭,至今亦仍有值得我们惕厉的内容。本文还将陈济棠的心理改造主张与孙中山的心理建设思想进行了比较,以期更加全面客观地认识陈氏的心理改造主张。

  6. Analysis of epidemiological characteristics and incidence reason of 8 months to 14 years old children measles in Ji'nan City%济南市8月龄~14岁儿童麻疹流行特征及发病原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小冬; 徐胜平; 李传彬

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解济南市2013年8月龄~14岁人群麻疹流行特征及发病原因,探讨控制策略。方法:收集2013年8月龄~14岁人群麻疹发病资料,进行流行病学分析。结果:2013年济南市8月龄~14岁人群麻疹病例70例,占全部病例的22.73%。病例主要集中在8~11月龄,占该年龄组病例的70.00%。发病主要原因是医院内感染和未及时接种麻疹疫苗,95.72%的麻疹病例在发病前7~21 d有医院就诊史,88.57%病例未接种麻疹疫苗。未及时接种麻疹疫苗的主要原因是未满8月龄生病,占未接种疫苗原因的83.87%。结论:儿童家长尽量不带儿童到大医院就诊、加强医院内感染的控制、提高麻疹疫苗接种及时率是控制该年龄组麻疹发病的主要措施。%Objective:To understand the epidemiological characteristics and incidence reason of 8 months to 14 years old children measles of Ji'nan City in 2013,to explore the control strategy.Methods:The incidence data of 8 months to 14 years old children measles were selected with descriptive epidemiological analysis.Results:In 2013,70 cases of 8 months to 14 years old children measles in Ji'nan City were accountted for 22.73%of all cases.The cases were mainly concentrated in 8~11 months old,and they were accountted for 70.00% of this age group cases.The main reason for the disease were nosocomial infections and failed to timely vaccination of measles vaccine.95.72% of the measles cases had hospital medical history before the onset of 7~21 days.88.57% cases had no measles vaccination.The main reasons for not timely vaccination of measles vaccine was not full 8 months old sick,and they were accountted for 83.87% of without vaccination reasons.Conclusion:Parents of children try not to bring children to the hospital together,strengthening the nosocomial infection control,improving the timeliness rate of measles vaccine vaccination are the major measures to control the prevalence of

  7. The Exchange and Coexistence of Body and Soul——Interpretation of the Death of Chen Bailu in the Stage Play Sunrise%肉体与灵魂的交流共生——总政话剧团版《日出》中陈白露悲剧的艺术处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任慧丹; 唐杨

    2009-01-01

    曹禺话剧在导演王延松率领下,以明星版的阵容重现舞台.新版戏剧中陈白露成为全剧的中心人物,她的灵魂和肉体在鸟笼子般的现实世界中挣扎求生,最终走向了肉体的死亡和灵魂的飞翔.%Cao Yu' s stage play sunrise, led by the director Wang Yansong, reproduced to the stage in the version of famous stars' line-up. Chen Bailu became the central figure in the new version of the stage play. Her soul and body struggled for survival in the realistic world like a bird cage and ultimately made. for the death of body and the flight of soul.

  8. 古今中西之間--陳垣與20世紀中國史學%Between the Ancient and the Present and between China and the West:Prof. Chen Yuan and Chinese Historiography in the 20 th Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陳智超

    2010-01-01

    Every historian should answer two questions related to each other, i. e. what is the relationship between history and reality and what is that between historiography and reality. Moreover, Chinese historians should answer other two questions also re-lated to each other, namely what is the relationship between China and the West and what is that between Chinese culture and Western culture. Based on their own outlook on the ancient and the present as well as on China and the West, every conscious Chinese historian of the 20 th century was bound to cherish a definite sense of responsi-bility and determined what role they played and what way they chose when taking on this responsibility. The present paper expounds Prof. Chen Yuan’ s answers to the above questions andhis practice concerned with them in the four stages of his lifetime.

  9. 海南香枝木与越南香枝木木材构造特征比较解剖研究%Comparative anatomical research on the wood structure between Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen and D.rimosa Roxb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桂兰; 徐峰; 罗建举; 李英健; 蓝方敏

    2008-01-01

    对海南香枝木和越南香枝木木材构造特征进行比较解剖研究.结果表明;两者的宏观构造在材色气味、纹理结构等方面有较大的差异.微观构造特征的差异主要表现在木射线的种类、射线细胞的形态、射线组织的类型;其余解剖特征差异则不明显.海南香枝木的树种名称为降香黄檀(Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen),越南香枝木的树种名称为多裂黄檀(D.rimosa Roxb.).

  10. 从文本特征定量分析看《桃花源记》英译本的词语操作常规%An Analysis of Textual Features on Lexical Operation Norms in English Versions of Tao Hua Yuan Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲璞; 胡显耀

    2012-01-01

    The English versions of Tao Hua Yuan Ji by LIN Yutang and A. R. Davis are fucosed on as the research objects. Starting from Toury's descriptive translation studies and taking Halliday's systemic functional linguistics as the text-analyzing methods, from the three aspects of transitivity, namely, process, participant and circumstantial element, the lexical characteristics of the two versions are analyzed, which finds that the lexical operation norms of LIN's version possess the characteristics of explicitation and simplification, while Davis' more obviously show implicitation and complication. It is concluded that the general lexical operation norms of Lin's is inclined to the convention expectation norms, whereas Davis' to the foreignness expectation norms.%以《桃花源记》中林语堂和A.R.Davis的译本为研究对象,从Toury的描写翻译学出发,采取Halliday系统功能语言学的文本分析方法,从及物性的三个方面,即过程、参与者和环境成分对两个英译本的词语特征进行分析,发现林译本词语操作具有明确和简化特征,戴译本暗含和显化特征更为明显。林译本总体趋向传统化期待常规,而戴译本趋向陌生化期待常规。

  11. Revolutionary Transformation of Chivalry and Folk Cultures:On the Edition Revision and Artistic Adaptation of Tie Dao You Ji Dui%侠义情感与民间文化的革命转化--论《铁道游击队》的版本修改与艺术改编

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚奎林

    2016-01-01

    “十七年”革命历史小说历经多次修改与改编,进而凸显不同阶段“时髦文化”的特质及社会影像化的需求,但也可以从中看出作者本人与作品变迁的内在裂隙。侠义情感和民间文化的革命转化成为《铁道游击队》的文本修改、版本传播和艺术改变的核心内容。作者刘知侠在文化与政治的夹缝中坚守着对民间文化的认同和热爱,其潜在写作在总体上消融了革命二元对立的强化。%The revolutionary historical novels in " the seventeen years" often underwent many revisions and adaptations. The revisions and adaptation highlight the " fashion culture" and social needs of images in different times, but also reflects the inherent gaps between the author and the work-under-evolution. The revolutionary transformation of chivalry and folk culture has been the core in the textual revision, edition dissemination and artistic adaptation of the novel Tie Dao You Ji Dui ( Guerrilla on Rails) . Author of the work, Liu Zhixia, upholds his recognition and love of folk cultures in the cracks between culture and politics, and his potential writing in general undermines the revolutionary dichotomy.

  12. 电针夹脊穴配合头针治疗广泛性焦虑症的临床疗效观察%Clinical Observation on the Treatment of Electroacupuncture JiaJi Acupoint Therapy Combined with Scalp Acupuncture for Generalized Anxiety Disorder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛国滨; 李辉; 唐英

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨电针夹脊穴配合头针对广泛性焦虑症的治疗作用与针刺传统穴位以及西药对广泛性焦虑症治疗作用的对比。方法:将90例广泛性焦虑症的患者随机分为电针夹脊穴配合头针治疗组( A组)、电针传统穴位配合头针组(B组)和西药组(C组),治疗后观察疗效。结果:治疗后3组患者焦虑程度均较治疗前减轻,但电针夹脊穴配合头针治疗组的总有效率优于电针传统穴位配合头针组和西药组,且差异有显著性意义(P<0.05)。结论:电针夹脊穴配合头针治疗广泛性焦虑症的疗效优于电针传统穴位配合头针和西药治疗。%This paper discusses the comparison among the effect of electroacupuncture Jiaji acupoint therapy combined with scalp acupuncture on the generalized anxiety disorder,the effect of traditional acupuncture thera-py combined with scalp acupuncture on the generalized anxiety disorder and the effect of western medicine on the generalized anxiety disorder.The results show that the effect of electroacupuncture JiaJi acupoint therapy combined with scalp acupuncture on generalized anxiety disorder is better than traditional acupuncture therapy combined with scalp acupuncture and western medicine.

  13. Mr.CHEN Ying-long of Chengjiang acupuncture school: a brief introduction%艺高德馨用神针 永垂世范海内外——记澄江学派传人陈应龙先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱安宁; 张建斌; 孙孝忠; 孟宪军

    2012-01-01

    Through consultation of the historical literatures on Mr. CHEN Ying-long, investigating his teaching experiences in Xiamen Hospital of TCM and Xiamen University, the characteristics of his educational idea on acupuncture-moxibustion, are found as follows: great significance is found in the dissemination of Chengjiang acupuncture school in Minnan area of China and abroad through the combination of the succession of education from a masters to disciples and the classroom teaching; importance is attached to medical ethics, and priority is put on building up ethics and teaching by precept and example. In order to inherit the Chengjiang acupuncture school, Mr. CHEN focuses on fostering a proper studying method, emphasizes on the basic skills of acupuncture, reinforces clinical practice and techniques, edits books, and imparts knowledge and solves doubts.%查阅陈应龙先生的相关历史文献,考察其在厦门市中医院和厦门大学任教的经历,总结陈先生的针灸教育思想,发现具有如下特色:继承承门师承教育和课堂教学结合的教育思想,教书育人,立足闽南,推广海外,为澄江针灸学派在闽南地区和海外的传播发挥了重要作用;重视树立学生的医德观,以德为先,言传身教;注重培养学生的学习方法,重视针灸基本功,加强实践,强化技能;著书立说,授业解惑,使澄江针灸学术得以传承.

  14. New Evidence of the Life Story of Kong Yuan’s Uncle Chen Bingsheng--A Monographic Study on Kong Yuan (八)%孔原胞叔陈丙生身世新证--孔原研究专题(八)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高洪年

    2014-01-01

    The research on Kong Yuan’s uncle Chen Bingsheng is an indispensible part of the study of Kong Yuan. There was a breakthrough in the previous investigation. The descendants of Bingshen’s two orphan daughters were found and interviewed. It was discovered that Bingsheng’s name is in his son-in-law’s family genealogy. New evidence was found with the 1939 version of Kong Yuan’s original family genealogy obtained recently. Compared with the 1939 version, the 1944 version has got the information of Kong Yuan’s mother Chen, stepmother Yao and uncle Tongyin (Bingsheng) added, which further reveals that Bingsheng is the uncle of Kong Yuan, a blood relative.%提孔原胞叔陈丙生之论,是研究孔原不可分割的组成部分。前阶段性调查的突破性进展,是寻访到丙生所遗两孤女的后人,访见到两孤女夫家族谱牒所载丙生之名。近期调查新证据是又获孔原本宗1939编陈氏联修谱,与1944版比较,1944版谱新增孔原生母龚氏、继母姚氏、弟铁怀,孔原胞叔同寅(丙生)四人资讯,进一步揭示了丙生为孔原胞叔的血亲关系。

  15. Prevalence of blindness and low vision among adults aged 50 years or above in Ji'an county of Jiangxi province: the China Nine-Province Survey%我国九省眼病调查中江西省吉安县50岁及以上人群白内障患病率和手术状况的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗荣; 黄亮; 杜红岩; 王羽; 高学成; 陆宏; 赵家良; 易敬林; 谢晖; 白永泉; 杨海军; Leon B.Ellwein; 赖平红; 李岚

    2012-01-01

    Objective To estimate the prevalence of cataract,the outcomes of cataract surgery,cataract surgical coverage rate,cataract blindness social burden rate in Ji'an county of Jiangxi province,China.Methods Cluster sampling was used in randomly selected 5010 individuals aged ≥ 50 years in Ji'an county of Jiangxi province.All individuals were received visual acuity and eye examination,including the evaluation of lens status and cataract surgical status by slit lamp biomicroscopy, Data bank was established by Epi-info Software.Statistical analyses were performed using Stata/SE Statistical Software,release 9.0 (Stata Corp,College Station,TX).Confidence intervals and P values (considered significance at the P <0.05 level) for prevalence of cataract,cataract surgical coverage rate,cataract blindness social burden rate and outcomes of surgery were calculated with adjustment for clustering effects and stratification associated with the sampling design.Results In 5010 individuals,1158 cases of cataract were found,the prevalence of cataract was 23.11% among adults aged 50 or above.The prevalence of cataract was higher in the aged,female( P < 0.0 1 ).In 99 eyes with cataract surgery,50.51% and 5.05% of eyes were performed by the modern extra-capsular surgery and phocoemusification respectively. The rate of intraocular lens implantation was 55.56%.Post-operative presenting and best corrected visual acuity equal to or more than 0.7 was 10.1% and 45.5% of operated eyes respectively.The main causes of the post-operated eyes with worse visual acuity were post-capsular opacity and refractive error.The cataract surgical coverage rate was 32.29%,and the cataract blindness social burden rate was 3.83%.The cataract surgical rate was lower and cataract blindness social burden rate was higher in the aged persons ( P < 0.01 ).Conclusions Cataract is the most common eye disease that may lead into blindness and severe visual impairment among older adults aged equal or

  16. 写在《水漫金山》播出时——访《哪吒传奇》《美猴王》《水漫金山》动画总导演陈家奇%Writing on the Broadcast of "Flooding of Jinshan Temple" --An interview with Chen Jiaqi, the animation director of "The Legend of Nezha", "Monkey King" and "Flooding of Jinshan Temple"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李南; 孙哲

    2012-01-01

    Yan Dingxian, the second director of China Animation Film Studio once called Chen Jiaqi " Old Chen", which indicates somewhat fame of Jiaqi in animated film production. Nowadays TV has replaced the cinema and become the first platform of animation broadcasting, and because CCTV is different from the local stations, the animated works produced by Chen Jiaqi have taken a very important position in the CCTV key animation products and have consciously inherited the mainstream of Chinese culture and the good quality of the classic animation of the Animation Film Studio. Since this interview with Chen Jiaqi is really a reflection of the talents, environment, technology and the actual situation of our animation industry, it is the objective thinking and description of contemporary Chinese animation.%当下电视已取代影院成为动画播出第一平台,中央电视台又区别于地方台,陈家奇导演的作品占据了央视重点动画的可观一席。陈家奇动画作品自觉传承着中国主流文化与美影厂经典动画的优良品质。此次陈家奇访谈真实地反映出目前中国动画业界人才、环境、技术的现状对当下中国动画进行客观地思索与描述。

  17. The Analysis from Sociology from Law on the Extreme Events in Right Maintaining in the "We-Media"Era---Taking "Ji Zhong-xing Case"as an Example%自媒体时代极端维权的法社会学分析--以冀中星案为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢昕欣

    2014-01-01

    "Ji Zhong-xing Case"is the miniature of Chinese extreme right maintaining events ,which re-flects the malfunctioning and defect of regular right-defending system .The social bottom class people's desire of rights protecting can't be satisfied and they have to seek for other irregular right-defending ways .In the era of "We-Media",these extreme events are widely spread by Internet and self-medias ,taking obvious ex-pansion and demonstration effect ,and are deeply influencing people's right defending selection .T he negative effects of extreme events in "We-Media"era are related with the deficient social remedy mechanisms of Chi-na .The extreme events in right maintaining will reduce the credibility of regular right maintaining channel , therefore ,it should be prevented with effective measures .%冀中星案是当下中国极端维权事件的缩影。极端维权反映出我国正规性传统维权渠道的失灵和制度缺陷,以及广大底层群体维权需求长期得不到满足而被迫选择其他非正规性维权渠道的现状。而在自媒体时代下,极端维权在网络和自媒体的广泛传播和影响下,显示明显的扩大效应和示范作用,对个体维权者的行动选择有着潜移默化的影响。极端维权在自媒体时代的负面社会效果凸显我国社会救济机制仍有很大不足。极端维权会降低正规维权渠道的公信力,因此,应当采取有效措施加以防范。

  18. Living a Fortune Life for Hope and Value:A Local Chinese Concept to Understand Peasant’s Suicide in Ji Village%论“奔头”--理解冀村农民自杀的一个本土概念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕舞

    2014-01-01

    农民为什么自杀?为了回答这一问题,本文从本土正统哲学出发,基于儒家传统对自杀的理解,以冀村农民自杀的田野经验为例,将农民的日常口头语言“奔头”进行理论提炼并用之分析了冀村农民自杀的原因。“奔头”是指在人的一生中,通过人的努力奋斗可以实现的愿望和价值,是支撑人一生的日常生活过程持续运行的动力机制,它包含了人活着所要面对的归宿、齐家和生活三个基本层次。农民自杀是由归宿、齐家、生活三个层次所构成的“奔头”这一人活着的动力机制失调所致。随着“奔头”三个层次的主要内涵发生变化,农民自杀的样态亦随之发生了变动。%Why does the peasant commit suicide? This paper constructs a suicide theory frame“Ben⁃tou”that mean living a fortune life for hope and value to understand the peasants ’suicide which based on the empirical experience in Ji Village on the north of rural China under the confucian traditional perspec⁃tive.“Bentou”refers to hope and value which the people can achieve by their individual hard working.“Bentou”means a kind of dynamic mechanism that the people live through their all life, which concluded among spirit fate, regulating the family and livelihood for being alive fortunately. Peasant's suicide, is the end-result, terms, the life of three levels of "Bentou" to the people living dynamic mechanism caused by disorder. With the main connotation of "Bentou" has been changing on the three levels, the characteristics of peasant’s suicide have changed as well.

  19. Qi Jiguang Look at the Development of Wushu Practical Ideas and Countermeasures From the "Ji Xiao Xin Shu"%从《纪效新书》看戚继光发展武术实用性思想与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马斌; 马兰

    2015-01-01

    Qi Jiguang is a heavyweight Chinese military history,life Ge immediately,exploits numerous,his"Ji Xiao Xin Shu"system shows the genius of his military thought,to have the time to the theory of sublimation,in Chinese Wushu history has left a heavy color ink pen.This article uses the literature material law practical martial arts guide of Qi Jiguang's thinking of doing the objective description,illustrates the improved attention weapon is play Wushu practical preconditions,and describe the embodiment of practical Wushu thought with from the technical aspect.When we now face a variety of debate about the use of martial arts,martial arts have a look back of Qi Jiguang thought,perhaps it will get more enlightenment.Therefore,summing up martial arts guide thought of Qi Jiguang,refining the development of Wushu viewpoint of far-reaching significance in our research of wushu.%戚继光是中国军事史中的一个重量级人物,一生持戈马上,战功无数,他所著的《纪效新书》系统的展现了他天才的军事思想,达到了有时间到理论的升华,在中国武术史上留下了浓墨重彩的一笔.该文采用文献资料法对戚继光的实用性的武术指导思想做了客观论述,阐明了重视兵器的改良是发挥武术实用性的先决条件,并从技术方面详细描述武术实用性思想的体现.当我们现在面临关于武术使用性的种种争论时,回头看看戚继光的武术思想,或许从中会得到更多启迪.因此总结戚继光的武术指导思想,提炼其发展武术的观点对于我们今天研究武术具有深远意义.

  20. 京沪高速铁路济南西站及相关工程推行建设、监理一体化管理探索%Carry out Integrated Construction and Supervision-Exploration for the Management of Ji'nan West Railway Station and Relative Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾光日; 史健顺

    2011-01-01

    京沪高速铁路是当今世界上建设标准最高、系统技术最全、运行速度最快、一次建成通车里程最长的高速铁路.做为京沪高速铁路的重要组成部分——济南西站及相关工程,在建设过程中,面对标准高、技术新、安全风险大等难题,科学管理,创新管理,建立健全了一系列安全管理制度,坚持预想预控,把住源头关口;推行标准化管理,夯实安全基础;坚持重点盯控,实行分级管理;严格考核奖惩,强化责任落实;并尝试以建设、监理一体化的运作模式,监督检查、帮促指导,保证了管理措施落实到位,实现了项目建设的安全持续稳定.%Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway features the world's highest construction standards, the most comprehensive system technology, the fastest, the longest mileage open to traffic and one-stage completion. As an important sector of Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, Ji'nan railway station and related engineering projects in the construction process in the face of high standards, new technology, security risks and other problems, performed scientific management, innovation management, established and improved a series of security management system, adhered to the pre-control of the sources of things; carried out standardized management to consolidate security infrastructure; insisted on focusing control to carry out multi-level management; strictly performed reward and punishment evaluation to strengthen the responsibility system; explored the integrated construction and supervision model to supervise and inspect and to promote guidance functions, thus ensured the management measures to be implemented and to realize the safe, sustained stable project construction.

  1. 资本与劳动异化--马克思《政治经济学批判手稿》中的异化劳动理论%Capital and Labor Alienation---Alienation Labor Theory in Zheng Zhi Jin Ji Xue Pi Pang Shou Gao by Marx

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡贤鑫; 李放

    2015-01-01

    In Zheng Zhi Jin Ji Xue Pi Pang Shou Gao(1857-1858;1861-1863),Marx explained Alienation Labor Theory as modern labor,the employment labor was its concrete form. He thought that Alienation Labor was formed in the relationship between capital and employment labor,the cap-ital was the basic reason which Alienation Labor could form;the specific relationship between capital and Alienation Labor stipulated the logic of capital movement,determined the logic of Labor Aliena-tion,the tendency of the capital movement determined the tendency of Alienation Labor develop-ment;the tendency of the capital movement and the tendency of Alienation Labor development were the self-deny of capital and the self-assurance of labor,which were the final settlement of the con-flict between capital and Alienation Labor,and also the sublation of Alienation Labor.%在《政治经济学批判手稿》———《政治经济学批判(1857—1858年手稿)》《政治经济学批判(1861—1863年手稿)》中,马克思将异化劳动解释为现代劳动,雇佣劳动则是其具体形式。认为异化劳动是在资本与雇佣劳动的关系中形成的,资本是异化劳动得以形成的根本原因;资本与异化劳动的特定关系规定了资本运动的逻辑决定着劳动异化的逻辑,资本运动的趋势决定着异化劳动发展的趋势;资本运动的趋势和异化劳动发展的趋势是资本的自我否定、劳动的自我肯定;资本的自我否定与劳动的自我肯定是资本与异化劳动矛盾的最终解决,也是异化劳动的扬弃。

  2. 财政赤字、通货膨胀与债务危机——陈云对赤字财政的有关思想及其现实启示%The Fiscal Deficit, the Inflation and the Debt Crisis:Chen Yun's Philosophyon the Financial Policy and its Implications in Modem Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文

    2012-01-01

    “坚决不打赤字财政”,是陈云一贯而鲜明的主张,因为在他看来,财政赤字与通货膨胀密不可分。建国初期,我国人民饱受通货膨胀之苦,而“币值下跌、物价上涨的主要原因,是政府的财政赤字庞大”。因此,陈云力主财政安排留有余地,尽量避免出现赤字,尤其忌讳将赤字用于投资。在这一思想的主导下,计划经济时期我国财政预算保持平衡,物价基本稳定。新时期以来,我国经济体制和市场环境发生重大变化,财政赤字渐成常态,相应地物价亦呈不断上涨趋势。尽管近年来连年出现的财政赤字主要依靠发行公共债务来弥补,但这终究不是长久之计,当下的欧债危机警醒了我们,陈云提出的“建设规模的大小必须和国家财力物力相适应”是一条不变的真理。%As we know Chen Yun insists on "Budget Balance and no deficit financing"~and he thinks that the fiscal deficit drives the inflation. Due to substantial fiscal deficit , Chinese people suffered severe mass inflation and rapid currency devaluation in the early 1950s. At that time, Chen Yun oversaw economic policy and tried his best to keep the balance of budget to drive down deficit. It was knowed as the policy of "resistance , stablization and con- struction". In his effort, the budget of central government was sustainable and the price level was stable during Chi- nese planning economy period. Since the reform and opening policy, there have been dramatic changes in the fields of economic system and the market environment. The fiscal deficit has grown gradually, driving the general price level upward. Nowadays, the central government issued the public bonds to offset the deficit, but the deficit finan- cing is a makeshift. Under the circumstance of the European sovereign debt crisis, we learn that "the government' s spending should assort with its financial strength ", issued by

  3. Renwushi wenti xuexifa ji guoji hanyu jiaoshi kuawenhua shengrenli fazhan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Du, Xiangyun; Kirkebæk, Mads Jakob

    2014-01-01

    (Kumaravadivelu 2008), and intercultural competency for efficient communication (Byram, 1989; Byram et al., 1994). This new demand creates numerous challenges and requires that teachers assume new roles and responsibilities. The changing role of teaching in the globalized context challenges the identity of FL...... and cultural contexts. FL teachers in a global age are expected not only to have the requisite knowledge of language and culture, but more importantly, to develop their interculturality, often referred to as cultural understanding, critical cultural awareness (Holliday, 2011) or global cultural consciousness...... teachers, including that of Chinese language teachers. How can these teachers be equipped with the skills and competencies to face these challenges? In this paper we articulate, illuminate, and increase teacher consciousness of given contextual factors that may influence teaching and learning Chinese...

  4. Liu Ji and Sorcery%刘基与术数

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高寿仙

    2006-01-01

    刘基与术数问题,少有全面探究,或多避而不谈,或以迷信概以论之.从探寻刘基术士化的内在因素,从署名刘基之术数作品辨析,从内容特点阐述,文旨自现,给研究刘基思想提供了众多有价值的史料.

  5. 把高海拔的雪花带回低海拔的生活--陈劲松散文诗文本简读%Bringing High Altitude Snow Back to the Life of Low Altitude:a Brief Reading of Chen Jinsong's Prose Poem Texts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄恩鹏

    2016-01-01

    陈劲松是一位纯净的散文诗人。他长年生活在青海格尔木,因此他的文本中有诸多明亮的高原意象:湖水、雪山、月光、鹰隼、青稞、冰雪、花香、麦子,这些自然元素,成为他喻指心灵和生命精神的重要代码,也为文本意境的扩展和意义的生成注进了活性。诗人对物象精神品质的把握和对人本价值观的开掘有敏锐的认知,作品呈显了他“劝诫”的美学对现实社会巧妙的批判。他的文本呈现出冰雪般的魅力:一是纯净的价值观与纯净的精神本质;二是“劝诫”的美学与批判现实主义;三是高原的精神征象成为文本的元素。陈劲松散文诗的魅力,还体现在他对语言精到的打磨和对人性的隐秘中心的打造上。%Chen Jinsong is a pure prose poet. As he has lived for years in Golmud, Qinghai, there are many bright images of plateau in his texts: lake water, snow mountain, moonlight, hawk, highland barley, ice and snow, lfower fragrance and wheat. These natural elements have become signiifcant codes that are used to refer to mind and the spirit of life, having injected activity into the expansion of artistic conception and the generation of meaning. The poet has acute perception of how to grasp the spiritual quality of images and how to explore the values of human, and his works show skillful criticism of social reality with his “exhortation” aesthetics. His texts present the charm as snow and ice: The ifrst is pure value and spiritual essence; the second is “exhortation” aesthetics and critical realism; and the third is the spiritual signs of plateau becoming the elements of texts. The charm of Chen Jinsong’s prose poetry is also relfected in his ability of polishing language and building the center of secret human nature.

  6. 新时期陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考及其当代价值%Chen Yun' s Strategic Thinking on Defense against Risks in Governance in the New Era and its Contemporary Values

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王真

    2012-01-01

    陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考有其深刻的背景因素,是他总结历史、面对现实、着眼未来综合性认识的成果。陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考包括对党和国家的政治发展、经济发展、民生建设、精神文明建设、党的建设等多方面。这种思考表现出强烈的忧患意识,对我们今天居安思危、拒腐防变具有很强的警示作用;蕴含着深刻的科学理念对我们今天把握规律、安全执政具有重要的指导作用;体现出坚定的理想信念,对我们今天排除干扰、奋勇前行具有巨大的激励作用。%Chen Yun's strategic thinking on defense against risks in governance has profound background factors. It is an achievement of comprehension drawn from reviewing the history, facing the reality, and looking to the future. Chen Yun' s strategic thinking on defense against risks in governance includes quite a few aspects for the Par- ty and the country such as political development, economic development, people' s livelihood building, spiritual civilization building, and party building. This type of thinking illustrates forceful awareness of potential dangers and has strong alerting effects for us today to stay prepared for adversities in times of peace and to resist corruption and decadence. Its profound scientific ideas have important guiding effects for us today to grasp the laws and govern safely. Its firmly embodied ideals and beliefs have great motivation effects for us today to clear obstacles and forge ahead.

  7. 新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业的开拓者和奠基人——纪念舞蹈教育家陈锦清诞辰90周年%Founder of Professional Dance Education in People's Republic of China-In Honor of 90~(th) Birthday of Dance Educator Madam Chen Jinqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李续

    2011-01-01

    本文对我国著名的舞蹈教育家,新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业的一位主要开拓者与奠基人,北京舞蹈学院首任院长陈锦清,围绕着师资培养、教材建设两个方面如何开创新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业进行了历史的回顾,由此强调要进一步认识北京舞蹈学院的优良传统,以及如何继承和发扬这些优良传统。纪念老院长陈锦清,是为了学习她善于抓住主要问题的决策能力,以及在多种矛盾交织的状况下,一不退却,二不拒绝,积极担当,闯出一条符合中国特色职业化舞蹈教育发展道路的开创精神,在这种精神的引领下,努力建设中国特色舞蹈高等教育体系。%This essay has reviewed in retrospect what Madam Chen Jinqing,one of the important founders of Chinese professional dance education as well as the first deputy president of Beijing Dance Academy,had done to develop Chinese professional dance education in terms of both faculty cultivation and construction of teaching materials.What is then emphasized is further understanding,inheriting and developing the excellent tradition of Beijing Dance Academy.The purpose of commemorating former president Madam Chen is to learn from her the ability to identify major problems among various controversies as well as perseverance in exploring a unique way appropriate for development of Chinese professional dance education,leading to the establishment of higher dance education with Chinese characteristics.

  8. Study on Medication Principles of Modern Famous Doctor Chen Youzhi Using TCM to Cancer Patients Based on Data Analysis%基于数据分析当代名医陈友芝中医治癌的用药规律研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇志成; 李廷保

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate medication principles of modern famous doctor Chen Youzhi applying TCM to cancer patients based on data mining. Methods: TCM prescriptions in Chen Youzhi′s cases of applying TCM to cancer patients were typed into the computer, data base was founded by Microsoft Office Excel 2003, medication principles were analyzed by statistical methods. Results: Altogether 354 pieces of TCM prescriptions were collected, involved 231 kinds of herbs, total medication frequency reached 4 136 times. Conclusion: Main drugs are of heat-clearing, tonification, promoting diuresis and damp-clearing, digestion, resolving sputum and relieving asthma and others in clinic;core single herbs in turn: BanZhiLian (Scutellaria barbata D. Don), FuLing [Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf], Jobstears seed, BaiHua SheShe Cao (Hedyotis diffusa Willd.), ShenQu (Massa Medicata Fermentata), JiaoGuLan [Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino], BaiShaoYao (White Paeony Root), ShouGong (Gekko japonicus Dumeril et Bibron), BeiMu (fritillary), KuShen (Sophora flavescens), ShanZha (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge), BaiZhu (Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.) and others.%目的:基于数据挖掘当代名医陈友芝中医药治疗癌症用药规律的研究。方法:将《陈友芝中医治癌百例》中医方剂录入计算机,使用Microsoft Office Excel 2003软件,建立数据库,运用统计学方法统计分析其用药规律。结果:整理治癌中药复方354首,使用中药231种,总用药次数4136次。结论:临床以清热药、补虚药、利水渗湿药、消食药、化痰平喘药等为主;核心单味药依次为半枝莲、茯苓、薏苡仁、白花蛇舌草、神曲、绞股蓝、白芍、守宫、贝母、苦参、山楂、白术等。

  9. Practice of Mutual Assistance and Cooperation as an Ideological Construction:A Sociological Analysis of Liu Qing’s Novel Cultivating Millet Log (Zhonggu Ji)%互助合作实践的理想建构柳青小说《种谷记》的社会学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗琳

    2013-01-01

    This paper intends to explore a question in the history of ideology through discussing the ideological expression infarmers’mutual assistance and cooperation:How is that kind of cooperation in the middle of the 20th century comprehended in the revolutionary context of contemporary China? What did that idealized social practice designed for such cooperation look like,what kind of ideology did it express,and what logic did it follow? What situations in the rural areas were caused by bringing the ideology and logic into effect? What kind of transformation happened? What kind of paradox appeared during the transformation? I chose Cultivating Millet Log (Zhonggu Ji )to be my target of analysis, a novel written by the contemporary Chinese revolutionary fictionist Liu Qing,who is well-known for his stories of the cooperation process in rural China. Firstly,the paper explains why Liu Qing’s novel can by regarded as a subject of studying the history of ideology by examining the author’s creative ideology and methods based on socialist realism.Secondly,the paper analyzes Liu Qing’s novel Cultivating Millet Log (Zhonggu Ji )that was fabricated on the theme of peasants ’ activities for mutual assistance and cooperation. According to the action topics related to the ideology and practice of mutual assistance/corporation as described in the novel,the author analyzes the logics and mechanisms for the formation and transformation of this ideological construction. There are two major findings.First,in the mainstream ideological context of political and class analysis at that time,the strategy of “getting organized”intended to improve productive efficiency actually hit hard on the primary productive force,namely,the middle peasants,which in turn disparaged the rural economic ethics that had been functioning as the “element to stimulate labor”in the productive activities of the rural laborers.Second,during the practice of replacing “for the personal interest

  10. 南方鲶生殖周期中脑垂体和血清促性腺激素水平的含量变化%The Changes of Pituitary and Serum GTH Levels in the Reproductive Cycle in the Southern Catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓思平; 王德寿; 张耀光; 焦保卫

    2004-01-01

    采用测定胡鲶科非洲鲶(Clarias gariepinus)GTH的放射免疫测定法,用标记鲤(Cyprinus carpio)GTH的方法进行标记,测定了鲶科南方鲶(Silurusmeridionalis Chen)生殖周期中的血清GTH水平和脑垂体GTH含量变化,以揭示其性腺发育、成熟过程中的内分泌调节机理.南方鲶血清中GTH水平的季节变化表现出与成熟系数相一致的变化趋势,周年中雌鱼血清GTH水平都高于雄鱼,雌雄鱼血清GTH水平在繁殖期间差异尤为显著.脑垂体中GTH含量也在生殖周期中具明显周期变化.在性腺发育晚期和成熟期雌鱼脑垂体的GTH含量明显高于雄鱼,而在其它性腺期雌鱼脑垂体的GTH含量仅略高于雄鱼,但雌雄鱼之间并无显著差异.

  11. 政策驱动与伦理诉求--生态文明视阈下陈云的工程伦理思想探析%The Policy-Driver and Ethics-Appeal-On Chen Yun's Engineering Ethics from the Perspective of Ecological Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳世川

    2016-01-01

    Chen Yun put forward important expositions concerning construction engineering problems, which is reflected as ecological civilization from the perspective of engineering ethics, mainly in the divine life, safety first engineering ethics value goal, project decision makers and project implementation such as the community of engineering ethics responsibility, government ethics institutionalization, and specific measures of launching broad participation of the masses etc. It well reflects the engineering aspects of the ethical conscious⁃ness in ecological civilization.%陈云对建筑工程问题提出过重要论述,体现为生态文明视阈下的工程伦理思想,主要有生命神圣、安全至上的工程伦理价值目标,工程决策者和工程实施者等工程共同体的伦理责任,以及政府伦理制度化、发动群众广泛参与的具体对策等,体现了生态文明思想下工程方面的伦理自觉。

  12. The Influence of Tao Yuanming on the Jiangyou Poetic School——Liu Song, Chen Mo and Liu Yongzhi as the Center%论陶渊明对明初江右诗派的影响——以刘崧、陈谟和刘永之等为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王征

    2015-01-01

    The Jiangyou School is one of the five Poetic Schools in the early Ming Dynasty. Its leader was Liu Song, the representatives were Chen mo,Liu Yongzhi, and so on. As the Salaf of the Jiangyou School, Tao Yuanming have profound impact on them with his character integrity, attitude, imagery,poetry style and other aspects . Particularly, at poetry style, the plain style of the Jiangyou School and the mellow style of Tao Yuanming aesthetic pursuit of the same strain.%明初的江右诗派为其时五大诗派之一,领袖人物为刘崧,代表人物有陈谟、刘永之等. 作为江右诗派的乡邦先贤,陶渊明对江右派影响深远,其人品气节、生活态度、诗歌意象及风格等方面都对他的这些隔代乡邦文人们产生了较大的影响.尤其诗风方面,江右派雅淡、醇正的诗歌风尚与陶渊明淡远、真醇的美学追求一脉相承.

  13. 深圳香荚兰,首次发现于华南深圳的兰科新种%Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen, the first new species of Orchidaceae found in Shenzhen, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘仲健; 陈心启; 茹正忠

    2007-01-01

    Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen,a new species of Orchidaceae,is described and illustrated.This is the first new species of Orchidaceae found in Shenzhen,South China.It is akin to Vanilla somai Hayata,from which it differs by having 4-flowered inflorescences,not fully opening flowers with their unlobed lip joined 3/4 of its length to the column,and a retrorse tuft of fimbriate appendage in the upper part of the lip.%对兰科新种深圳香荚兰Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen作了描述与绘图.此新种为深圳发现的第一个兰科新种,与台湾香荚兰V.somai Hayata有亲缘关系.但是,本新种花序具4花,花较大,不完全开放;唇瓣不裂,紫红色,基部与蕊柱合生长度达3/4,刷状附属物位于唇盘的上部,甚易区别于台湾香荚兰.

  14. 读陈蒲清《陶澍传》--兼谈陶澍传记研究及其发展与展望%About The Biography of Tao Shu by Chen Poqing: On the Biographical Research, Development and Prospects of Tao Shu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶用舒

    2012-01-01

      The Biography of Tao Shu written by Chen Poqhing is a new biography of Tao Shu, accurate assessment of the Tao Shu’s historical position, with distinct characteristics. the founder of Tao Shu biography is Wei Yuan. Quiet after a century and a half, the last two decades of the twentieth century, has generated the "Tao Shu, in the south," Tao Shu, A Critical Biography "," Tao Shu and Ka Road Statecraft Thought "book. Tao Shu, the publication of the Collected Works in 2010, created favorable conditions for carrying out the biographical study of the Tao Shu.%  陈蒲清的《陶澍传》是陶澍传记研究中出现的一部新作,它准确地评价了陶澍的历史地位,具有鲜明的特色.陶澍传记研究的奠基人是魏源.在沉静了一个半世纪之后,20世纪的最后20年,先后产生了《陶澍在江南》、《陶澍评传》、《陶澍与嘉道经世思想研究》等著作.2010年《陶澍全集》的出版,为开展陶澍传记研究创造了有利的条件

  15. 现代式的人生透视——读张爱玲的《沉香屑——第一炉香》%Perspective on modern life ——Reading on zhang Ailing, "Chen Xiangxie First Incense"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代柯洋

    2012-01-01

    Published in 1943,"Chen Xiangxie First Incense" as the works of Eileen Chang among the literary circles, has been initially show the uniqueness of her novels. It harbored the author tragic understanding of modern life through the real and meticulous description of the works hero -Gewei Long's imperative destruction process. At the same time, it also shows the bleak or desolate mean, which belong zhang Ailing.%发表于1943年的《沉香屑——第一炉香》作为张爱玲跻身文坛的作品,已经初步显示出了张爱玲小说的独特性。作品在中国言情通俗小说的外衣之外,通过对作品主人公葛薇龙势在必然的毁灭过程的真实而又细致地描写,包藏着作者对现代人生的悲剧性理解。这里,同样也流露出一种张爱玲式的苍凉、荒凉意味。

  16. 隗三户的回乡——陈应松小说《夜深沉》的社会学分析%On Wei Sanhu' s Going Back to His Hometown: A Sociological Analysis of Chen Yingsong' s Novel Deep Night

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管兴平

    2012-01-01

    陈应松的小说《夜深沉》依然关注农民的生存,不过视角稍微游移,即关注城市务工农民的回乡之旅。城市务工农民有回乡建房愿望。从隗三户的一系列遭遇,以及最后他的惨死,我们可以发现一些与人的生存状态相关的社会问题。这篇小说也显示了作家的社会责任感和批判态度。%In his novel Deep Night Chen Yingsong pays close attention to farmers' existing circum- stances as he used to. The difference lies in the slight deviation of his present perspective. In other words, he keeps a watchful eye on the fact that farmers working in cities return home in due course of time and that they have a wish of building houses in their hometown. From Wei Sanhu' s sufferings and a tragic death we may find some social problems related to people' s living conditions. In addition, the novel Deep Night reveals the author' s sense of social responsibility and critical attitude.

  17. An Alien Land and Alien Writings:An Analytical Reading of An Account of an Alien Land(Yixiang ji)and Beauty of Serendipity(Huali yuan)by Eileen Chang%异乡与异文--张爱玲《异乡记》与《华丽缘》写作析读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟希

    2015-01-01

    This article offers an analytical reading into An Account of an Alien Land(Yixiang ji)and Beauty of Serendipity (Huali yuan)by Eileen Chang, a series of‘travelogues in a foreign land’that can be viewed as‘alien writings’in her exterior volume by paying attention to her views on writing that had experienced great change from after 1947 to the early 1950s, in an attempt to prove that there are many discrepancies between her writing techniques based on the imagerization, situationalization and landscaping of materials that had developed from the semi-colonial urban interior context with such representative works as The Legend(Chuanqi)and The Rumour(Liuyan), and An Account of an Alien Land, about the countryside, an heterogeneous Other. In Beauty of Serendipity, that tells the story of a‘grand spiritual occasion’in rural life, the poetic treatment, dramatized and situationalized, eventually gets back on and swallows up the author:Writing that has been shaped by the colonial urban modernity and the self identification of the emotional subject have both fractured in the relationship of individual histories to the surrounding‘Other’. And this fracture, to a certain degree, predicted the general features of the dividing range in the map of Eileen Chang’s writing career, signifying a conclusion to her writing poetics in the occupied period of Shanghai as well as to her subject matter.%析读张爱玲外集———可视为“异文”的《异乡记》和《华丽缘》等“异乡游记”系列,关注张爱玲1947年后至五十年代初变化甚巨的文艺写作观,可以发现以《传奇》《流言》为代表的根植于半殖民地都市内室语境下发展出来的物象意象化、情境化、景观化的写作技术,在以异质他者的农村为主题的《异乡记》中处处显出扞格不合之处。在叙述乡村生活“精神的盛举”之《华丽缘》中,戏剧化和情境化的诗学处理最终报复和反噬作者:

  18. 乙肝疫苗事件对济南市乙肝疫苗接种率及家长乙肝疫苗认知态度影响的调查%Effect survey of hepatitis b vaccine event on the Ji'nan city hepatitis b vaccine vaccination rates and hepatitis b vaccine cognitive attitude of parents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小冬; 周立波; 杨晓倩; 任玲香; 荆现华

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解2013年乙肝疫苗事件对济南市乙肝疫苗接种率的影响及儿童家长对事件的认知态度。方法:乙肝疫苗接种率的调查方法为查阅常规儿童接种率报表,家长对事件认知态度的调查方法为电话问卷调查。结果:事件发生前后,城市乙肝疫苗估算接种率下降14.18%,农村下降7.49%。城市对乙肝疫苗事件知晓率98.70%,农村85.00%。在疫苗事件发生前,70.14%认为疫苗安全,24.31%不确定是否疫苗安全,5.55%认为疫苗不安全。事件发生后,31.24%认为疫苗安全,34.08%不能确定是否安全,34.08%认为不安全。结论:受乙肝疫苗事件影响,乙肝疫苗接种率出现下降趋势,儿童家长对疫苗安全性的认识受到影响,要加强儿童家长日常疫苗安全性的健康教育。%Objective:To understand the effect of 2013 hepatitis b vaccine event on the Ji'nan city hepatitis b vaccine vaccination rates and cognitive attitude of parents towards the event.Methods:The survey method of hepatitis b vaccine vaccination rate was the consultion of routine childhood vaccination rate report.The survey method of event cognitive attitude of parents was telephone questionnaire survey.Results:Before and after the event,the hepatitis b vaccine estimate vaccination rate of city decreased by 14.18%;the rural area decreased by 7.49%.The hepatitis b vaccine event awareness rate of city was 98.70%;the rural area was 85.00%.Before the vaccine event,70.14% thought that the vaccine was safe;24.31% were not sure whether the vaccine was safe;5.55% thought that the vaccine was not safe.After the event,31.24% thought that the vaccine was safe;34.08% were not sure whether the vaccine was safe;34.08% thought that the vaccine was not safe.Conclusion:The hepatitis b vaccine vaccination rate has a downward trend that is affected by the hepatitis b vaccine event.The vaccine safety awareness of children's parents have be affected.We should

  19. Study on Intervention Effect of Sang-Ji Mixture in TLR-4 Expression on Peripheral Blood Monocytes in Hypertensive Patients with Overabundant Liver-fire and Phlegm Syndrome%桑蒺合剂干预高血压病(肝火亢盛夹痰证)患者外周血单核细胞表面TLR4表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左可可; 张明俊; 顾宁

    2014-01-01

    This study was aimed to observe the effect of Sang-Ji (SJ) mixture in the treatment of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) expression on peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) in hypertensive patients. A total of 60 cases of hyper-tensive cases with overabundant liver-fire and phlegm syndrome were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group with 30 cases in each group. Both groups received Felodipine and/or Benazapril treat-ment. The treatment group was added with SJ mixture. The observation duration was 28 days. The detection was made on indicators such as blood pressure , traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM ) syndrome scores and TLR-4 ex-pression on PBMCs before and after treatment. The results showed that after treatment, the blood pressure, TCM syndrome scores and TLR-4 expression on PBMCs of both groups decreased compared with that of the pretreat-ment . Changes on TCM syndrome scores and TLR-4 expression of the treatment group were more significant than that of the control group ( P < 0 . 05 ) . It was concluded that SJ mixture improved clinical symptoms in pa-tients with overabundant liver-fire and phlegm syndrome , decreased TLR-4 expression on PBMCs , in order to inhibit the immune response to a certain extent .%目的:评价桑蒺合剂干预高血压病(肝火亢盛夹痰证)患者外周血单核细胞表面 Toll 样受体4(TLR4)表达的作用。方法:60例高血压肝火亢盛夹痰证患者,随机分为治疗组和对照组各30例,均给予非洛地平或联合贝那普利治疗,治疗组加用桑蒺合剂,观察周期28天,检测治疗前后血压、中医证候积分、外周血单核细胞表面TLR4表达。结果:治疗后两组患者血压水平、中医证候积分、TLR4表达均较治疗前降低,其中治疗组中医证候积分、TLR4表达较对照组改变更明显(P<0.05)。结论:桑蒺合剂可改善肝火亢盛夹痰证患者的临床症状,减少外周血单核细胞表面TLR4表达,在

  20. Waist circumference and its correlation with height and weight among children aged 8-12 years in Ji'nan city%济南市8~12岁儿童腰围、腰高比分布及相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡丽丽; 蔺新英; 徐贵法; 李军

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the distribution of waist circumference and its correlation with age,height,weight,and body mass index in children between 8 and 12 years in Ji'nan city. Methods We selected 6 schools by stratified random sampling. There were 1362 students aged 8 - 12 years in the survey. We measured waist circumference,height and weight of the children. Results The waist circumference and the ratio of waist to height of the boys were significantly higher than that of the girls ( P < 0. 01 ). The waist circumference was positively correlated with age ( r =0. 366), height ( r= 0. 599 ), weight ( r = 0. 909 ), and body mass index ( r = 0. 889 ) in the boys and positively correlated with age ( r = 0. 376 ), height(r = 0. 560), weight( r=0. 891 ), and body mass index (r=0. 871 ) in the girls. The waist to height ratio was positively correlated with weight(r =0.718) and body mass index(r= 0. 868) ,but negatively correlated with height (r= -0.226) in boys and was positively correlated with height(r=0. 088) ,weight(r =0. 620) ,and body mass index(r=0.835) in girls.Conclusion Waist circumference is significantly higher in boys than that of in girls and correlates with age,height,weight,and body mass index. Waist to height ratio correlates with height,weight,and body mass index.%目的 探讨山东省济南市8~12岁儿童腰围的分布特征及其与年龄、身高、体重和体质指数的相关性.方法 采用分层随机抽样方法,随机抽取山东省济南市全日非寄宿制大、中、小型6所小学1362名8~12岁学生,进行腰围、身高和体重测量分析.结果 济南市8~12岁小学生各年龄组男生腰围、腰高比均大于女生(P<0.05),且男、女生腰围均随年龄增长而增大(P<0.01);相关分析结果表明,男生腰围与年龄(γ=0.366)、身高(γ=0.599)、体重(γ=0.909)和体质指数(γ=0.889)均呈正相关;女生腰围与年龄(γ=0.376)、身高(γ=0.560)、体重(γ=0.891)和体质指数(γ=0.871)均呈正相

  1. Application of Heisenberg's S matrix program to the angular scattering of the H + D2(v(i) = 0, j(i) = 0) → HD(v(f) = 3, j(f) = 0) + D reaction: piecewise S matrix elements using linear, quadratic, step-function, and top-hat parametrizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Xiao; Connor, J N L

    2012-11-26

    A previous paper by Shan and Connor (Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2011, 13, 8392) reported the surprising result that four simple parametrized S matrices can reproduce the forward-angle glory scattering of the H + D(2)(v(i)=0,j(i)=0) → HD(v(f)=3,j(f)=0) + D reaction, whose differential cross section (DCS) had been computed in a state-of-the-art scattering calculation for a state-of-the-art potential energy surface. Here, v and j are vibrational and rotational quantum numbers, respectively, and the translational energy is 1.81 eV. This paper asks the question: Can we replace the analytic functions (of class C(ω)) used by Shan-Connor with simpler mathematical functions and still reproduce the forward-angle glory scattering? We first construct S matrix elements (of class C(0)) using a quadratic phase and a piecewise-continuous pre-exponential factor consisting of three pieces. Two of the pieces are constants, with one taking the value N (a real normalization constant) at small values of the total angular momentum number, J; the other piece has the value 0 at large J. These two pieces are joined at intermediate values of J by either a straight line, giving rise to the linear parametrization (denoted param L), or a quadratic curve, which defines the quadratic parametrization (param Q). We find that both param L and param Q can reproduce the glory scattering for center-of-mass reactive scattering angles, θ(R) ≲ 30°. Second, we use a piecewise-discontinuous pre-exponential factor and a quadratic phase, giving rise to a step-function parametrization (param SF) and a top-hat parametrization (param TH). We find that both param SF and param TH can reproduce the forward-angle scattering, even though these class C(-1) parametrizations are usually considered too simplistic to be useful for calculations of DCSs. We find that an ultrasimplistic param THz, which is param TH with a phase of zero, can also reproduce the glory scattering at forward angles. The S matrix elements for

  2. From the"Chen Yong-zhou incident"to talk about the influence of news occupation ethics on media credibility%从“陈永洲事件”谈新闻职业操守对媒体公信力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑜

    2014-01-01

    记者收受钱财,代人捉刀,成为商业恶性竞争的一步棋子,近年来屡见不鲜。而当真相赤裸裸的展现在世人面前时,媒体的公信力也正逐渐淹没在公众的质问和声讨中,“陈永洲事件”的轰动效应可见一斑。新媒体时代,公共信息愈发透明清晰,刻意隐藏真相反而显得欲盖弥彰,这也敦促着媒体人作为社会之公器,讲真话,办实事,坚守新闻伦理,秉持最基本的专业素养和职业操守,才能挽救岌岌可危的公信力。%The reporter receive money, the ghost, a row of commercial competition, in recent years It is often seen. But when the truth naked show in the world, the credibility of the media is also gradually submerged question in public and condemn,"remarkable sensation Chen Yong-zhou events". The new media era, public information more transparent and clear, deliberately hiding the truth becomes clearer, this also urged the media as a social justice, to tell the truth, do solid work, adhere to the news ethics, uphold the basic professional quality and occupation ethics, in order to save the precarious credibility.

  3. The Subject Confusion behind the Power Phantom --Comment on Non -Business Relationship by Chen Changping%权力魅影背后的主体迷茫——陈昌平《非生意关系》探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琳

    2011-01-01

    "Non - business Relationship" written by Chen Changping is about people "s complex disputes in the power of desire, which is showing the women in male - dominated power society are in the merciless reality of help- lessness and retreat, as well as revealing the real imbalance situation of the status of women and men under the magic wand of power. At the same time, the novel also reflects that both the sexes relationship between the conquest and subordination are gradually derived for the main relationship between abusive and battered in the power contest, which is enjoying the psychological shadow of abuse. In this wild deconstruction, they fall into a confusing social situation and an alienation situation.%陈昌平的《非生意关系》,围绕着人在权力欲求中的复杂纠葛,展现了女性在以男性为主导的权力社会中于无可奈何中败退的无情现实,揭示了权力魔杖下男女两性地位失衡的真实处境;同时,小说还反映了两性在权力较量中由征服与屈从的关系主体逐渐衍化为施虐与受虐的关系主体,并在这种享虐性心理阴影的猖狂解构下陷入迷茫性存在境遇的社会图景和异化情境。

  4. Jacky Chen: Charity Also a Way of Social Responsibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shang Lin'aiyi

    2007-01-01

    @@ On September, 19th, the crown of the year, a textile & apparel fair was successfully held in Shizhong District,Zaozhuang City, Shangdong Province. This fair, via exhibition, platform and trade cooperation,was a dynamic and comprehensive mecca for commercial exchange, logistics and information flow to perfect industrial chain, accelerate integration of industrial, marketing, capital and ultimate in a higher level market-oriented textile industry.

  5. Speech by CPAFFC President Chen Haosu at the Opening Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>First of all,on behalf of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(CPAFFC) and China International Friendship Cities Association(CIFCA),I’d like to express our profound respect to our state leaders present here today,a sincere welcome to the delegates and guests representing various cities in China and other countries around the world,and,finally,cordial greetings and heartfelt thanks to all the friends who have over the years made unremitting efforts to the development of the cause of international friendship cities.

  6. Zur Bindung siliziumorganischer Verbindungen an mineralischen Grenzflächen

    OpenAIRE

    Glowacky, Jens

    2014-01-01

    The open pore structure of cementitious materials makes it possible to absorb aqueous solutions. In practice cementitious materials are proteced by water repellent treatments to reduce significantly the damage processes of harmful ions. The chemical and mineralogical interactions between the water-repellent treatment and the mineral interface are little studied so far. In this work the system of mineral interface and silane is systematically guided from the model level to realistic conditions.

  7. CRFA President Chen Yuan Leads Delegation to Visit Russia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen; Guangmei

    2015-01-01

    The year 2014 marked the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Russia as well as establishment of the China-Russia Friendship Association(C R FA).The success ful meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President VladimirPutin in May of the year elevated the China-Russia comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership to a

  8. "Direct Action":A Perspective on How the New Culture Movement Develops---The evolvement of Chen Duxiu's Thought in Post-May Fourth Era and the Division of New Youth%“直接行动”:“新文化运动”的一种展开方式--后五四时期陈独秀的思想演进与《新青年》同人的分化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马娇娇

    2015-01-01

    1919年陈独秀自北京大学离职,次年南下上海,从此在思想与实践中更为深入地介入了现实政治。陈独秀的这一选择,与他在“五四”落潮以后对于“新文化运动”的展开方式以及未来走向的探索直接相关。此时的陈独秀强调“新文化运动”应从前一阶段的文化领域扩展到更为广阔的社会领域,以此纳入更多阶层的参与。而如何将被启蒙意识发现的“群众”组织起来作为一种新的历史主体,也就成为了他首先需要解决的问题。陈独秀认为,“直接行动”是其中的必由之路,而他对于共产主义的接受,正是在这一背景中展开的。由此导致的《新青年》同人在“谈/不谈政治”等问题上的分歧,以及最终的分化,实为两种不同的“新文化运动”方案的具体呈现。%Chen Duxiu resigned from Peking University in 1919 and then left for Shanghai next year. He has since got involved in the political affairs more deeply, both in thought and practice. His such change has attracted extensive attention, due to its relevance to the culture and politics of China hereafter. Chen Duxiu emphasized that the New Culture Movement ought to expand from the culture field to the larger social realm to incorporate people of all ranks and classes. Then comes the urgent problem for him:how to organize the enlightened mass and make them new historical subjects. Chen Duxiu maintained that the route of"direct action"was bound to be chosen, and it was in this milieu that Chen Duxiu came to embrace the communism and because of this the colleagues of New Youth were divided on the such issues as"discuss politics or not", leading to the ultimate division of New Youth. Actually, the division mirrored the fundamental differences between two blueprints of New Culture Movement.

  9. 从史实考证到心史诠释--陈寅恪对文学作品史料价值的解读及运用研究%From research on factual history to interpretation of spiritual history:Chen Yinke’s reading and application of historical value of literary works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭士礼

    2016-01-01

    If we undertake our analysis by referring to the period theory of dividing historical facts into specific historical facts, general historical facts and abstract historical facts, it is not difficult to find that Chen Yinke, in adopting literary works to interpret the above three types of historical facts, presents a process from research on historical facts to interpretation of the history of the mind. Such interpretation from factual history to spiritual history, to a certain extent, is the most remarkable manifestation of Chin Yinke’s research on history, which reveals not only the stratification and variety of the value of historical materials in literary works, but also Chen’s study of history which reduces research from historical representation to profound interpretation of historical connotation. Moreover, historical reduction at the level of historical reality and interpetation at the level of the mind are the two basic dimensions for history to seek truth. Chen’s research from factual history to spritual history is the very comprehensive scrutiny and mastery of the dimension of history of seeking truth.%如果参照时段理论将史实分为“具体史实”“一般史实”“抽象史实”进行分析不难发现,陈寅恪运用文学作品对上述三类史实进行的考证与解读,呈现出的是一个从史实考证到心史诠释的过程。就某种层面而言,从史实考证到心史诠释是陈氏史学研究特色最突出的呈现,它既显示了文学作品史料价值层次性与多样性,同时也是陈寅恪史学研究从对历史表象的考证还原到历史内蕴的深刻阐发历程的集中呈现。此外,历史现实层面的史实还原与精神层面的内蕴阐发构成了历史学求真维度的两个基本面相,陈寅恪的从史实求证到心史阐发的研究工作正是对历史学求真维度的全面观照与把握。

  10. 新型受贿罪的司法认定:以刑事指导案例(潘玉梅、陈宁受贿案)为视角%Judicial Determination of a New Type of Bribery:In the Light of Designating “People v. Pan Yumei and Chen Ning”as a Guiding Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴良

    2013-01-01

    Among the guiding cases issued by the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China,guiding criminal cases occupy a crucial place. The guiding cases represent a method of ab-stracting the key rules of the cases in order to resolve the issues of convictions and sentencing. This process has also established relevant judicial rules in those cases. This article focuses on the bribery case having Pan Yumei and Chen Ning as defendants and mainly deals with the ruling entailed in the court's opinion. This particular case is a repetition of the judicial opinion promulgated by the Supreme Court,but the purpose of the guiding case system has not been fulfilled. Nonetheless,the case gives us a new finding which we cannot obtain through the reading of the “statutory-like”judicial interpreta-tion. It especially presents a new perspective through the particular facts in the case.%  在最高人民法院发布的指导性案例中,刑事指导性案例具有重要的地位。刑事指导性案例对犯罪认定与刑罚裁量等有关法律问题,采取提炼指导性案例中的裁判要点的方式,确立了有关司法规则。本文以潘玉梅、陈宁受贿案为对象进行规范分析,重点研究裁判要点,认为这一裁判基本上是最高人民法院颁布的司法解释意见的重复,案例指导制度的设立初衷并没有实现。尽管如此,我们还是可以通过本案,发现一些在阅读条文化的司法解释时不能得到的收获,尤其是具体的案情对于我们理解司法解释提供了一个全新的视角。

  11. 温度及光照驯化对南方鲇线粒体代谢补偿调节的影响%MITOCHONDRIAL METABOLIC COMPENSATION OF THE SOUTHERN CATFISH, SILURUS MERIDIONALIS CHEN, IN RESPONSE TO ACCLIMATION OF TEMPERATURE AND PHOTOPERIOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫玉莲; 谢小军

    2014-01-01

    为了检验在季节驯化中温度和光周期分别对南方鲇(Silurus meridionalis Chen)组织线粒体代谢补偿效应的调节作用,研究对实验鱼进行了4个系列的驯化处理:(1)低温等光周期[12.5℃,12L︰12D,体重:(186.36±2.77) g];(2)高温等光周期[27.5℃,12L︰12D,体重:(202.80±7.99) g];(3)短光照中等温[8L︰16D,20℃,体重:(284.80±13.47) g];(4)长光照中等温度[16L︰8D,20℃,体重:(283.70±15.60) g],每组均为24尾鱼。驯化8周后取样,测定了各驯化组鱼体心脏、肝脏和肾脏的器官质量(器官指数),以及这3种器官组织线粒体在测定温度为12.5℃、20℃和27.5℃时的呼吸率和细胞色素C氧化酶(CCO)活性。结果显示,在等光周期条件下,低温驯化组(12.5℃,12L︰12D)实验鱼的心脏、肝脏和肾脏的器官指数均显著高于高温驯化组(27.5℃,12L︰12D);在中等温度条件下不同光照处理的实验鱼之间器官指数无显著差异。在中等温度条件下短光照驯化组(8L︰16D,20℃)鱼体的心脏、肾脏和肝脏组织线粒体呼吸率和CCO活性均显著高于长光照组(16L︰8D,20℃);而在等光周期条件下的不同温度驯化并没引起这3种组织线粒体的呼吸率和CCO活性的明显差异。综合认为:在季节驯化过程中,光周期改变是引起线粒体代谢能力的主要因素,温度变化则是调整器官组织重量的主要因素,光周期与温度对南方鲇线粒体代谢机制的调整具有协同作用。%To evaluate the effects of ambient temperature and day-length respectively in setting metabolic com-pensation of mitochondria in juvenile of the southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen), the organ index of the heart, kidney and liver and their state 3 rates of mitochondria and cytochrome C oxidase activity (CCO) were measured in the tested fishes at different acclimations. Two experimental groups were acclimated to high tem-perature (27.5℃) and low temperature

  12. 南方鲇(Stlurusmeridionalis)豚鼠气单胞茵溶血素的分离、纯化与致病性研究%ISOLATION, PURIFICATION AND PATHOGENICITY OF THE HAEMOLYSIN PRODUCED BY AEROMONAS CAVIAE FROM SILURUS MERIDIONALIS CHEN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪开毓; 肖丹; 贺扬; 陈德芳; 耿毅; 刘天强; 黄冠军

    2012-01-01

    采用硫酸铵盐析、DEAE.SephadexA50凝胶层析法对豚鼠气单胞菌的溶血素进行分离、纯化。获得分子量为32.2kDa的单一多肽溶血素,测定溶血价为2^5。将该溶血素倍比稀释后梯度接种南方鲇,研究其对南;h-鲇的致病性和组织病理损伤情况。结果表明:豚鼠气单胞菌溶血素具有较强的毒力,对南方鲇的半数致死剂量(LD,0)为0.29mg蛋白/k体重;病鱼表现为体表褪色,腹部膨大,肝、脾、肾肿大,肝、脾淤血、出血明显;胃肠道内充有大量粘液,黏膜充血、出血;组织病理学表现为骨骼肌水肿、变性,肝细胞变性、坏死,血窦扩张淤血,肾小,管上皮细胞变性、坏死,脾脏淋巴细胞减少,胃肠道黏膜上皮变性、坏死,脱落。%The haemolysin produced by Aeromonas caviae was salted out by ammonium sulphate precipitation and purified by chromatography on Sephadex A50. It was estimated to a homogeneous polypeptide of 32.2kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Haemolysis assay showed that its haemolytic activity was 25. To investigate its pathogenicity, double dilution haemolysin was intraperitoneally injected into Silurus meridionalis Chen. The resuits showed that the purified haemolysin was toxic towards S. meridionalis, with a half-lethal dose (LDso) of 0.29mg/kg (protein/weight). Fish injected with this haemolysin exhibited symptoms of color fading, abdominal intumescence, congestion and enlargement of liver and spleen, renomegaly, gastrointestinal inflammation. Skeletal muscle appeared swollen and disruption with red stained sarcoplasm. Liver corroded to cell death and necrosis, and were congested with few sinusoid. Degeneration and necrosis was found in the renal cells, which could extend to some histolysis. Renal interstitium showed a reduced incidence of lymphocytes with numerous inflammatory cells infiltration. Spleen lymphocytes were reduction

  13. 小柴胡汤君臣药及其配伍提取物对感染CVB3m心肌细胞的血清药理学研究%Serum Pharmacology of Xiaochaihutang Jun and Chen Herbs and Their Compatibility Extract on Myocardial Cells Infected CVB3m

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢彬; 王雪峰; 闫丽娟; 岳志军

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨小柴胡汤(XCT)君臣药及其配伍提取物对感染CVB3m心肌细胞的抗病毒与保护作用,并试阐述机制.方法:制取3种提取物的含药血清,并测定体外对CVB3m毒力的影响.培养乳鼠心肌细胞建立心肌炎模型,从3个方面检测:应用MTT法检测含药血清对心肌细胞的保护率;检测各孔上清液中乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)及天冬氨酸氨基转移酶(AST)的释放量;RT-PCR法检测感染CVB3m的心肌细胞中CVB3m的含量.结果:黄芩提取物含药血清对CVB3m有直接灭活的作用.3个方面检测结果均显示:含药血清组与空白血清组比较,有显著性差异(P<0.01),黄芩组和配伍组分别与柴胡组比较,均有显著性差异(P<0.01).配伍组与黄芩组比较,无显著性差异.结论:黄芩提取物有直接灭活病毒的作用,黄芩和配伍提取物具有明显的抑制病毒复制和对病毒感染后细胞的保护作用,等量配伍提取物没有表现出作用增强的优势.%Objective:To explore Xiaochai hutang (XCT's) jun and chen herbs and their compatibility extracts antivirus and the protective function by infected CVB3m and to elaborate the therapeutic mechanism.Method:We prepared herb-contained serum of the extracts from Bupleurum,Scutellaria and their compatibility, and measured effects on virulence CVB3m in vitro. We cultured the myocardial cells of suckling mice and established the viral myocarditis mAel. From three aspects tested: the protection rate of the myocardial cell after infected CVB3m by MTT methA; the release of LDH and AST in the supernatant of each hole ;and CVB3m content of containing serum on myocardial cells infected CVB3m by RT-PCR. Result:Scutellaria herb-contained serum might have affect on directly kill CVB3m in vitro. Three results were: a significant difference though containing serum group compared with the blank serum(P <0.01 );Scutellaria group and the compatibility group were compared with the Bupleurum group,there were

  14. 食物中多氯联苯PCB 126对南方鲇的致死效应及代谢胁迫的研究%LETHAL EFFECT AND METABOLIC STRESS OF DIETARY PCB126 ON THE SOUTHERN CATFISH ,SILURUS MERIDIONALIS CHEN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁伦强; 谢小军; 闫玉莲

    2009-01-01

    3,3' ,4,4' ,5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126), a kind of typical persistent organic pollutant, is one of the poly-chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) congeners with high bioaccumulation and strong toxicity. It has been considered to have detrimental effects on the health of the human and animals as well as on ecosystems for being difficult to be decomposed or be transformed in both environment and organisms. In order to test the lethal effect and metabolic stress of dietary PCB 126 on the southern catfish, Silurus meridionalis Chen, from October to December, 2007, 72 one-year-old juvenile south-era catfish acclimated with control diet for 2 weeks prior to study initiation were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups (12 fish in each group) for different dietary PCB 126 treatments. Six iso-nitrogenous (45% crude protein) , iso-li-pidic (12% crude lipid) and iso-carbohydrate (15% crude carbohydrate) experimental diets with different levels of PCB 126 were formulated, the dietary concentrations of PC B 126 were 0(as control) , 50, l O0,200,400 and 800 μg/kg, re-spectively. In each group, the southern catfish were individually fed with each experimental diet in an indoor rearing sys-tem at 3% BW per day ration level for 8 weeks at (27.5±0.2)℃. The median lethal time (LT50) , the total amounts of PCB 126 intake during the experiment, hepatosomatic index (HSI) , the resting metabolic rate (RMR) as well as the rate of oxygen consumption and activity of cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) of the liver mitochondria in southern catfish were deter-mined and calculated. The results showed that no mortality of the experimental fish occurred during the experiment in groups fed with the diets in the PCB 126 concentrations of 0, 50 and 100 μg/kg, and the total amounts of PCB 126 intake were 0, 30.56 and 66.66μg/kg body weight at the termination of the experiment, respectively, whereas, the mortality was observed in fish fed with the diets containing PCB 126 of 200, 400 and 800 μg/kg, and

  15. 双向急性变温对南方鲇幼鱼静止耗氧率和临界游泳速度的影响%EFFECTS OF ACUTE TEMPERATURE CHANGE ON RESTING OXYGEN CONSUMPTION RATE AND CRITICAL SWIMMING SPEED IN JUVENILE SOUTHERN CATFISH (SILURUS MERIDIONALIS CHEN)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾令清; 张耀光; 付世建; 曹振东

    2011-01-01

    为了考查鱼类对温度变化的功能适应和生理反应特征,以不同驯化温度(10、20和30℃,驯化两周)为对照,进行双向急性变温处理(20℃→10℃和20℃→30℃),分别在不同时间(0.5、1、2、4、8和24h)对南方鲇(Silurus meridionalis Chen)幼鱼静止耗氧率(Resting oxygen consumption rate,VO2)进行测定并在处理后及时测定实验鱼的临界游泳速度(Critical swimming speed,Ucrit).研究发现:不同驯化温度下实验鱼的Ucrit随驯化温度升高呈显著增加的变化趋势,相对临界游泳速度(Relative critical swimming speed,Ur)分别为1.83、2.87和3.37 BL/s(Body length per second)(P<0.05);双向急性变温两组的Ur分别与驯化组均无显著差异(P>0.05);Ur与温度的关系表达为:Ur=0.8114T+1.0976(n=37,R2=0.973,P<0.05).VO2也随驯化温度升高呈显著增加的变化特征,分别为14.91、28.34和44.98 mg O2/kg·h(P<0.05).双向急性变温对VO2的影响十分显著.急性升温组的静止耗氧率呈现先上升后下降并趋稳定的变化规律,其静止耗氧率的Q10值的峰值(3.1)出现在升温后的0.5h,是对照组的1.96倍;而急性降温组的静止耗氧率则急剧连续下降至相对稳定水平,其Q10值的峰值(4.8)出现在降温后的1.0h,是对照组的2.5倍.研究表明:在相同的变温幅度下,双向急性变温对南方鲇幼鱼均存在明显的生理胁迫;不同温度变化方向的代谢反应特征却不尽相同,急性降温对南方鲇幼鱼造成的生理胁迫可能大于急性升温;当环境温度发生骤然变化时,实验鱼的运动生理功能具有较好的温度适应能力.研究提示,迅速降温后水流刺激可能会终止鱼类的"冷休克",引起整体的代谢水平的重新调节,以满足运动的能量需求并提高生存适合度.%The effects of short-term acute temperature change (20℃→ 10 ℃ and 20 ℃→30℃) and long-term temperature acclimation (10, 20 and 30℃, two weeks) on resting oxygen

  16. Prevalence of blindness and moderate and severe visual impairment among adults aged 50 years or above in Ji'an county of Jiangxi province: the China Nine-Province Survey%我国九省眼病调查中江西省吉安县50岁及以上人群盲和中、重度视力损伤患病率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易敬林; 黄亮; 杜红岩; 王羽; 高学成; 陆宏; 罗荣; 赵家良; 谢晖; 白永泉; 杨海军; Leon B.Ellwei; 赖平红; 李岚

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of blindness and moderate and severe visual impairment among adults aged 50 years or above in Ji'an county of Jiangxi province,China.Methods It was a population-based cross-scction study.Geographically defined cluster sampling was used in 5402 randomly selected individuals aged ≥50 years in 28 clusters in Ji'an from September to November 2006.The survey was preceded by a pilot study where operational methods were refined and quality assurance evaluation was carried out.All participants were enumerated through village registers followed door-to-door visits.Eligible individuals were invited to receive visual acuity measurement and eye examination.Statistical analyses were performed using Stata/SE Statistical Software,release 9.0.Chi-square test was used to investigate the association of age,gender and education with presenting and best corrected visual acuity.Results Five thousands four hundreds and two individuals were enumerated and 5010 persons were examined,the response rate was 92.74%.Based on the criteria of World Health Organization visual impairment classification in 1973,78 persons were diagnosed as blindness,265 persons were diagnosed as moderate and severe visual impairment defined as best corrected visual acuity,the prevalence of blindness and moderate and severe visual impairment were 1.56% and 5.29% respectively.Ninety-four persons were diagnosed as blindness,726 persons were diagnosed as moderate and severe visual impairment defined as presenting visual acuity,the prevalence of blindness and moderate and severe visual impairment defined as presenting visual acuity was 1.88% and 14.50% respectively.The prevalence of blindness and moderate and severe visual impairment was higher in aged ( trend x2 =970.15,P =0.000),female ( x2 =89.81,P =0.000),and illiterate persons (trend x2 =241.85,P =0.000).Cataract was still the first leading cause of blindness and visual impairment,the retinal diseases was the

  17. 生肌玉红膏促进下肢慢性溃疡肉芽生长257例的临床多中心对照研究%Estimation of Granulation Growth by Scores System on the Treatment of 257 Cases of Chronic Lower Leg Ulcer Patients with Traditional Chinese Medicine of ShengJi Yuhong Gao: A Multicenter, Double-blinded RCT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王江涛; 张晓清; 姚昶

    2012-01-01

      Objective A multicenter, double-blinded RCT study was designed to provide the type 2 clinical evidence of Traditional Chinese Medicine of ShengJi Yuhong Gao on the treatment of chronic lower leg ulcer by total therapeutic effect judgement and lower leg measure tool scores system. Methods 257 cases of chronic lower leg ulcer patients were applied randomly on the experimental and controlled groups by the third institute of data management, followed by the standardized clinical pathway of eliminating necrotic tissues, external applying of ShengJi Yuhong Gao or the blinded-controlled agency of petrolatum oil gauze on the wound and filled out all the records on each designed clinical report case. All results were transported to the data management through web instantly after the case finished. The data were disclosed under supervising by the third institute of data management and the results were analyzed afterwards. Results After unblinding, there are accordant distributions on the gender composition, etiology, the course, wound part and the area of wound. The healing rates of experimental group were up to 28.46% as well as the positive effective rates of 46.34%, comparing to the control group which only reached to one-third percentage of experimental group with P value of less than 0.0001. The growing situations of wound granulation evaluated by lower leg measure tool scores system showed that the modification of wound color changed earlier than the proliferation of wound granulation. After 14 days of treatment, the proliferation scores of wound granulation in the experimental group were significant better than the results of control group with P value less than 0.05, whereas of experimental group showed better results than those of control group as early as 7 days of treatment with P value less than 0.03. Conclusion The effects of improving wound healing of chronic lower leg ulcer by way of topical applying with Shengj Yuhong Gao are significant. The medicine

  18. 小议“用数学的意识”及其培养——由数学大师陈省身的题辞“数学好玩”引发的联想%Thinking about the Consciousness of Applying Mathematics and It's Training Association from the Word "Math is Fun" of the Master in Mathematics Chen Xing-shen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨之

    2012-01-01

    数学大师陈省身"数学好玩"的题辞,说明人们"用数学的意识"是随着社会的进步和数学的发展,不断变化的.人们对数学的需求,已经远远超越了"实用"的范围,应当与时俱进地树立一种新的"数学应用观"."玩儿数学"乃是"用数学"的崇高境界.。%The Word "Math is Fun" of the master in mathematics Chen Xing-shen showed that the consciousness of applying mathematics changed all the time with the progress of the society and the development of mathematics. People's requirement to mathematics surpassed well beyond the range of "practical". We should build a new "mathematics application sense". "Math is Fun" was the lofty realm of "applying mathematics".

  19. Scientific Research at Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine:Current Status and Future Directions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xian-xiang; WU Jin-zhong; LIN Yan-ping; CAO Zhi-yun; PENG Jun; CAI Jing; TAN Chun-jiang

    2011-01-01

    The Fujian Academy of Integrative Medicine,located in the West Coast of the Taiwan Strait,was founded on July 3,2005 under the Chairmanship of Dr.CHEN Ke-ji,who is an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS,Figure 1).With the mission of using new technologies to investigate Chinese medicine (CM),the Academy focuses primarily on gastrointestinal tumors,cardio-cerebrovascular diseases and bone diseases of the elderly.

  20. Berlinale tõstab kilbile "Teekonna Guatanamosse" / Grete Nootre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nootre, Grete

    2006-01-01

    56. Berliini filmifestivali programmidest ja filmidest - Suurbritannia poliitiline mängufilm "Teekond Guatanamosse" ("The Road to Guatanamo") : režissöörid Michael Winterbottom, Mat Whitecross, Hiina mängufilm "Lubadus" ("Wu ji") : režissöör Chen Kaige, Suurbritannia - Saksamaa "V nagu vendette" ("V for Vendette") : režissöör James McTeigue