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Sample records for cheilitis

  1. Actinic Cheilitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... actinic cheilitis. Overview Actinic cheilitis, sometimes known as "farmer's lip" or "sailor's lip," is a precancerous condition ... Last Updated: 22 Dec 2008 Information for other ages: Table of Contents: Overview Who's At Risk Signs ...

  2. Angular Cheilitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A This image displays a frequent location for candida infection (angular cheilitis), the corners of the mouth. Overview ... infection, those affected may also have thrush (oral candidiasis). The areas are generally slightly painful. The condition ...

  3. Plasma Cell Cheilitis

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    Thami Gurvinder P

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of plasma cell cheilitis with good response to glucocorticoids, is described for its rarity and probable aetiological correlation with habit of use of nasal snuff is discussed.

  4. Erbium laser resurfacing for actinic cheilitis.

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    Cohen, Joel L

    2013-11-01

    Actinic cheilitis is a precancerous condition characterized by grayish-whitish area(s) of discoloration on the mucosal lip, often blunting the demarcation between mucosa and cutaneous lip. Actinic cheilitis is considered to be an early part of the spectrum of squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma specifically of the lip has a high rate of recurrence and metastasis through the oral cavity leading to a poor overall survival. Risk factors for the development of actinic cheilitis include chronic solar irradiation, increasing age, male gender, light skin complexion, immunosuppression, and possibly tobacco and alcohol consumption. Treatment options include topical pharmacotherapy (eg, fluorouracil, imiquimod) or procedural interventions (eg, cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical vermillionectomy, laser resurfacing), each with their known advantages and disadvantages. There is little consensus as to which treatment options offer the most clinical utility given the paucity of comparative clinical data. In my practice, laser resurfacing has become an important tool for the treatment of actinic cheilitis owing to its ease of use and overall safety, tolerability, and cosmetic acceptability. Herein the use of erbium laser resurfacing is described for three actinic cheilitis presentations for which I find it particularly useful: clinically prominent actinic cheilitis, biopsy-proven actinic cheilitis, and treatment of the entire lip following complete tumor excision of squamous cell carcinoma. All patients were treated with a 2940-nm erbium laser (Sciton Profile Contour Tunable Resurfacing Laser [TRL], Sciton, Inc., Palo Alto, CA). PMID:24196339

  5. Oral candidiasis and angular cheilitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharon, Victoria; Fazel, Nasim

    2010-01-01

    Candidiasis, an often encountered oral disease, has been increasing in frequency. Most commonly caused by the overgrowth of Candida albicans, oral candidiasis can be divided into several categories including acute and chronic forms, and angular cheilitis. Risk factors for the development of oral candidiasis include immunosuppression, wearing of dentures, pharmacotherapeutics, smoking, infancy and old age, endocrine dysfunction, and decreased salivation. Oral candidiasis may be asymptomatic. More frequently, however, it is physically uncomfortable, and the patient may complain of burning mouth, dysgeusia, dysphagia, anorexia, and weight loss, leading to nutritional deficiency and impaired quality of life. A plethora of antifungal treatments are available. The overall prognosis of oral candidiasis is good, and rarely is the condition life threatening with invasive or recalcitrant disease.

  6. Improvement of Cheilitis granulomatosa after Dental Treatment

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    Ryosuke Sasaki

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A 38-year-old male suffered from swelling of the lower lip for 3 months. Neither facial nerve palsy nor fissuring of the tongue was present. Histological examination of a biopsy taken from the lower lip revealed non-caseous epithelioid cell granulomas, suggestive of cheilitis granulomatosa. Patch testing revealed positive reactions to mercury chloride and amalgam. His symptoms markedly improved 3 months after treatment of the apical periodontitis and replacement of dental crowns. As his dental crowns did not contain mercury, we believe that the cheilitis granulomatosa may have been related to the focal dental infection.

  7. Improvement of Cheilitis granulomatosa after Dental Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Ryosuke; Suzuki, Kayoko; Hayashi, Teppei; Inasaka, Hiroshi; Matsunaga, Kayoko

    2011-05-01

    A 38-year-old male suffered from swelling of the lower lip for 3 months. Neither facial nerve palsy nor fissuring of the tongue was present. Histological examination of a biopsy taken from the lower lip revealed non-caseous epithelioid cell granulomas, suggestive of cheilitis granulomatosa. Patch testing revealed positive reactions to mercury chloride and amalgam. His symptoms markedly improved 3 months after treatment of the apical periodontitis and replacement of dental crowns. As his dental crowns did not contain mercury, we believe that the cheilitis granulomatosa may have been related to the focal dental infection. PMID:21941479

  8. Improvement of Cheilitis granulomatosa after Dental Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Sasaki, Ryosuke; Suzuki, kayoko; Hayashi, Teppei; Inasaka, Hiroshi; Matsunaga, Kayoko

    2011-01-01

    A 38-year-old male suffered from swelling of the lower lip for 3 months. Neither facial nerve palsy nor fissuring of the tongue was present. Histological examination of a biopsy taken from the lower lip revealed non-caseous epithelioid cell granulomas, suggestive of cheilitis granulomatosa. Patch testing revealed positive reactions to mercury chloride and amalgam. His symptoms markedly improved 3 months after treatment of the apical periodontitis and replacement of dental crowns. As his denta...

  9. Evaluation of actinic cheilitis using fluorescence lifetime spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito Nogueira, Marcelo; Cosci, Alessandro; Pratavieira, Sebastião.; Takahama, Ademar; Souza Azevedo, Rebeca; Kurachi, Cristina

    2016-03-01

    Actinic cheilitis is a potentially malignant disorder that mostly affects the vermilion border of the lower lip and can lead to squamous cell carcinoma. Because of its heterogeneous clinical aspect, it is difficult to indicate representative biopsy area. Late diagnosis is a limiting factor of therapeutic possibilities available to treat oral cancer. The diagnosis of actinic cheilitis is mainly based on clinical and histopathological analysis and it is a time consuming procedure to get the results. Information about the organization and chemical composition of the tissues can be obtained using fluorescence lifetime spectroscopy techniques without the need for biopsy. The main targeted fluorophores are NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) and FAD (flavin adenine dinucleotide), which have free and bound states, each one with different average lifetimes. The average lifetimes for free and bound NADH and FAD change according to tissue metabolic alterations and allow a quick and non-invasive clinical investigation of injuries and to help clinicians with the early diagnosis of actinic cheilitis. This study aims to evaluate the fluorescence lifetime parameters at the discrimination of three degrees of epithelial dysplasia, the most important predictor of malignant development, described in up to 100% of actinic cheilitis cases.

  10. Case of cheilitis granulomatosa associated with apical periodontitis.

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    Kawakami, Tomoko; Fukai, Kazuyoshi; Sowa, Junko; Ishii, Masamitsu; Teramae, Hiroyuki; Kanazawa, Koutetsu

    2008-02-01

    The etiology of cheilitis granulomatosa is unknown. In some cases, rapid improvement and/or complete elimination of swelling of the lips after dental treatment has been reported. Here, we describe another case of improvement following dental treatment. A 57-year-old woman had developed asymptomatic swelling of the lower lip 2 months previously. Histological examination revealed non-caseous giant cell granulomas. Neither facial nerve palsy nor fissuring of the tongue was present. Patch testing for metal allergy revealed only mild irritation to zinc ion. Although topical corticosteroid ointment and oral tranilast for 4 months were ineffective, rapid and remarkable improvement of the swelling was noted soon after treatment of two lesions of apical periodontitis. Thorough examination for foci of infection is necessary when treating a patient with cheilitis granulomatosa. PMID:18271809

  11. Cheilitis glandularis: An unusual presentation in a patient with HIV infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leão, Jair C; Ferreira, Ana Micaeli C; Martins, Sarita; Jardim, Márcio Lobo; Barrett, A William; Scully, Crispian; Porter, Stephen R

    2003-02-01

    Cheilitis glandularis is a rare disorder of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation of the minor salivary glands of the lower lip. The present report details the features of a patient who presented with cheilitis glandularis and was subsequently found to also have undiagnosed HIV infection. PMID:12582351

  12. Cheilitis granulomatosa associated with allergic contact dermatitis to betel quid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Cheng-Sheng; Tsai, Yi-Lun

    2008-04-01

    Cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) is a rare disorder of unknown origin, which is characterized clinically by painless, recurrent or persistent swelling of 1 or both lips. Betel quids, composed of betel nuts (seeds of the Areca catechu), slake lime, and Piper betel leaf/or Piper betel inflorescence, are widely used in Asia and strongly associated with oral mucosal disease. It has also been found to be a cause of contact leukomelanosis because of its ingredients of various chemicals. We describe a case of CG induced by betel quid chewing. PMID:18353040

  13. Cheilitis granulomatosa: A case report with review of literature

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    Nupura A Vibhute

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cheilitis granulomatosa (CG is a chronic swelling of the lip due to granulomatous inflammation. It is a rare inflammatory disorder first described by Miescher in 1945. It is a monosymptomatic form or an incomplete variant of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome; a triad of recurrent orofacial edema, recurrent facial nerve palsy and fissuring of the tongue. As the etiology remains unknown, treatment of CG is challenging. We present a case of CG in a 43-year-old female patient secondary to allergy to certain food items. The present case highlights the importance of thorough investigations in the diagnosis of this lesion as the findings mimic many other granulomatous conditions.

  14. Exfoliative cheilitis (EC) in AIDS: association with Candida infection.

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    Reichart, P A; Weigel, D; Schmidt-Westhausen, A; Pohle, H D

    1997-07-01

    Forty-seven of 165 patients with AIDS (28.5%) showed exfoliative cheilitis (EC), predominantly of the lower lip (n = 37). Histologically, hyphae were revealed in 23 of 47 cases (49%). In 14 of 23 specimens the histological and microbiological findings were in accordance. Smears of the vermilion border revealed Candida albicans in half of the cases (51%); however, combinations with C. krusei, C. tropicalis and C. glabrata were also seen. Twenty of 35 patients given fluconazole either prophylactically or therapeutically showed clinical signs of oral candidiasis. Frequent moistening of the lips may result in infection of the vermilion border with Candida species; consequent desiccation of the lips will lead to scale formation and exfoliation. Smears of the vermilion border of the lower lip of 20 controls with AIDS were positive in four cases. Twenty HIV-negative controls without EC showed negative microbiological results for Candida species. Exfoliative cheilitis may be associated with Candida infection in some cases and may be considered another variant of candidiasis in AIDS patients. PMID:9234190

  15. Photoletter to the editor: Exfoliative cheilitis associated with titanium dental implants and mercury amalgam

    OpenAIRE

    Pigatto, Paolo D; Berti, Emilio; Spadari, Francesco; Bombeccari, Gian Paolo; Guzzi, Gianpaolo

    2011-01-01

    Exfoliative cheilitis is an uncommon chronic inflammatory condition that generally affects the vermilion of the lips. Its cause is still largely unknown an there is no effective treatment. Here we report of a case of exfoliative cheilitis possibly caused by mercury-containing dental amalgam in close proximity to dental titanium implant in a 41-year-old woman. By patch-testing, she was tested positive to thimerosal, palladium, gold, nickel, and copper. There was a strong temporal relation betw...

  16. Plasma cell gingivitis associated with cheilitis: A diagnostic dilemma!

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    Presanthila Janam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Plasma cell gingivitis is a rare condition characterized by diffuse and massive infiltration of plasma cells into the sub-epithelial connective tissue. Clinically, it appears as a diffuse reddening and edematous swelling of the gingiva with a sharp demarcation along the mucogingival border. Though considered as a hypersensitive reaction to an allergen, the etiology of this bizarre condition is still not properly understood. Here, we present an interesting case of plasma cell gingivitis associated with an enlarged and fissured upper lip, which is quite a rarity. The condition was diagnosed based on clinical and histopathologic findings and treated by gingivectomy. The associated cheilitis has dramatically reduced after treatment of the gingival lesion.

  17. SPIROCHETES— — THE POSSIBLE ETIOLOGICAL FACTOR OF THE CHEILITIS GRANULOMATOSA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红刚; 郑麟蕃; 刘宏伟

    2001-01-01

    Objective. To detect spirochetes in sections and to study the therapeutic effect of penicillin in cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) and Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) and the relationship between the spirochetes infection and CG and MRS. Methods. Routine HE sections and Warthin-Starry special staining were carried out in 20 cases of CG and 6 cases of MRS. Meanwhile there were 9 cases of CG and 2 cases of MRS were treated by penicillin (12 000 000u,IV, per day) for two courses (14 days). Results. A kind of spirochete was discovered in the sections of all cases of the CG and MRS .The CG and MRS could be divided into two types histopathologically, that is granuloma type and interstitial inflammatory type (non-granuloma type), those morphological changes tallied with spirochetosis. After treatment by penicillin, the facial and labial swelling of the 11 cases of CG and MRS were abated. Conclusion. CG and MRS probably are infectious diseases caused by spirochetes.

  18. Plasmoacanthoma of oral cavity and plasma cell cheilitis: two sides of same disorder “oral plasma cell mucositis” ?

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    Gayatri Khatri

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Plasmoacanthoma and plasma cell cheilitis are rare disorders of obscure etiology characterized by a plasma cell infiltrate an 80-year-old woman presented with a verrucous, fleshy, skin colored plaque over lips, gingiva, and the palate and painful swallowing for over a period of 6 months. Histopathology of the lesion showed dense infiltrate of plasma cells. The lesions resolved completely after intralesional triamcinolone acetonide. Another 52-year-old male had progressively enlarging, erosive lesion over vermilion border of lower lip for 6months resembling actinic cheilitis. Histology was diagnostic of plasma cell cheilitis. Treatment with topical clobetasol propionate was effective. Plasma cell cheilitis and plasmoacanthoma perhaps represent a spectrum of oral ”plasma cell mucositis” with plasmoacanthoma being an advanced version of the former.

  19. Topical Calendula officinalis L. successfully treated exfoliative cheilitis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Roveroni-Favaretto, Lúcia Helena Denardi; Lodi, Karina Bortolin; Almeida, Janete Dias

    2009-01-01

    Authors describe a case of recurrent exfoliative cheilitis that responded to treatment with a standardized topical preparation of Calendula officinalis L. An eighteen-year-old man was referred to UNESP - São Paulo State University, Department of Biosciences and Oral Diagnosis, São José dos Campos Dental School to investigate a chronic dry scaling lesion on his lips. The patient's main chief was aesthetic compromising. Corticoid therapy was suspended and Calendula officinalis ointment 10% for ...

  20. Contact Cheilitis and Toothpaste%接触性唇炎与牙膏

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊峰; 杨健; 杨文林

    2011-01-01

    The specific etiology of contact cheilitis was difficult to identify. The compositions of toothpastes consist of surfactants, preservatives, flavor, fluoride, extracts of natural flora and fauna etc. All of these may be potential allergen and irritant to the mucocutaneous. The toothpaste is playing a more and more important role in the etiology of contact cheilitis. The allergenicity of the materials in toothpaste was confirmed by some studies. The relationship between toothpaste and contact cheilitis was reviewed in this paper.%接触性唇炎的具体病因不易确定,牙青含有表面活性剂、防腐剂、香料、氟化物及天然动植物萃取物等多种成分,可能是潜在的变应原和刺激物,牙膏在引发接触性唇炎中所充当的角色日渐受到重视,一些牙膏与唇炎的相关性研究也证实了牙青成分的致敏性.本文就接触性唇炎与牙膏的关系进行简要综述.

  1. Diclofenac in hyaluronic acid gel: an alternative treatment for actinic cheilitis

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    Giana da Silveira Lima

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Actinic cheilitis (AC is a precancerous lesion of the lip vermillion caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 3% diclofenac in 2.5% hyaluronic acid gel in the treatment of AC. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with chronic AC were treated twice a day with topical diclofenac during a period of 30 to 180 days. The individuals were followed up every 15 days by means of clinical examination and digital photographic documentation. RESULTS: Of the 27 patients that completed the study, 12 (44% showed complete remission of the whitish plaques and exfoliative areas, and 15 (56% had partial remission of the clinical picture of cheilitis. The latter group was submitted to excision of the leukoplakic areas which diagnosis varied from mild to moderate epithelial dysplasia. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest a promising role for diclofenac in hyaluronic acid gel in the treatment of AC. This treatment has the advantages of not being invasive and showing few side effects.

  2. Cheilitis glandularis in an African-American woman: response to antibiotic therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Matthew M; Rubenstein, Melissa; Rosen, Ted

    2005-01-01

    A 52-year-old black woman presented with a 2-day history of lower lip swelling 5 days after starting a new medication, lisinopril. She had never experienced similar episodes in the past. She denied shortness of breath, tightening of the throat, swelling of the tongue, generalized cutaneous eruption, urticaria, or pruritus. She also denied symptoms consistent with facial paresis. Her past medical history was significant for hepatitis C infection, coronary artery disease, and hypertriglyceridemia. She had a 15 pack-year smoking history and denied both alcohol and drug abuse. She had never received a blood transfusion and was HIV negative. Physical examination disclosed a tender, swollen, and erythematous lower lip with induration, oozing, and crusting (Figure 1). Pinpoint openings evident throughout the lip surface exuded a clear, sticky, mucoid secretion. Tongue, parotid glands, and regional lymph nodes were normal. The working diagnosis was angioedema secondary to lisinopril. The presumptive offending drug was discontinued, and conservative therapy (topical clobetasol ointment, oral ranitidine, and oral fexofenadine) was initiated. Despite treatment, signs and symptoms persisted unabated. One week after initial presentation, a punch biopsy of her lower lip was taken to rule out granulomatous cheilitis and sarcoidosis. Histopathology included diffuse lymphohistiocytic infiltrate, minimal microabscess formation, and notable absence of granulomata. There was neither hypertrophy nor detectable abnormality of the salivary glands, with the exception of infiltrating mononuclear cells. Based on the clinical history and compatible pathologic findings, a diagnosis of cheilitis glandularis was made. Specifically, crusting and erosion clinically suggested a diagnosis of the superficial suppurative subtype of cheilitis glandularis. The patient received oral penicillin (dicloxacillin, 1.0 g/d) combined with oral fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin, 1.0 g/d). Within 2 weeks of

  3. IDENTIFICATION OF NOVEL FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR 3 GENE MUTATIONS IN ACTINIC CHEILITIS

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    Chou, Annie; Dekker, Nusi; Jordan, Richard C.K.

    2009-01-01

    Objective Activating mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) gene are responsible for several craniosynostosis and chondrodysplasia syndromes as well as some human cancers including bladder and cervical carcinoma. Despite a high frequency in some benign skin disorders, FGFR3 mutations have not been reported in cutaneous malignancies. Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a sun-induced premalignancy affecting the lower lip that frequently progresses to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The objective of this study was to determine if FGFR3 gene mutations are present in AC and SCC of the lip. Study Design DNA was extracted and purified from micro-dissected, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of 20 cases of AC and SCC arising in AC. Exons 7, 15, and 17 were PCR amplified and direct sequenced. Results Four novel somatic mutations in the FGFR3 gene were identified: exon 7 mutation 742C→T (amino acid change R248C), exon 15 mutations 1850A→G (D617G) and 1888G→A (V630M), and exon 17 mutation 2056G→A (E686K). Grade of dysplasia did not correlate with presence of mutations. Conclusion The frequency of FGFR3 receptor mutations suggests a functional role for the FGFR3 receptor in the development of epithelial disorders and perhaps a change may contribute to the pathogenesis of some AC and SCC. PMID:19327639

  4. Allergic contact cheilitis from a lipstick misdiagnosed as herpes labialis: Subsequent worsening due to Zovirax contact allergy.

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    Ozkaya, Esen; Topkarci, Zeynep; Ozarmağan, Güzin

    2007-08-01

    A 29-year-old Turkish woman with allergic contact cheilitis from a lipstick was misdiagnosed as herpes labialis and subsequently worsened with the application of Zovirax cream. Patch tests were positive to Zovirax cream, propylene glycol, the patient's favourite lipstick and propyl gallate. No reaction was seen with Zovirax ophthalmic ointment and Zovirax tablet. The propylene glycol component of the Zovirax cream and the propyl gallate component of the lipstick were regarded as the responsible contact sensitizers. The differential diagnosis was challenging due to concomitant contact sensitization with these agents. PMID:17680974

  5. Link between immunoexpression of hMLH1 and hMSH2 proteins and clinical-epidemiological aspects of actinic cheilitis*

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    Sarmento, Dmitry José de Santana; Godoy, Gustavo Pina; Miguel, Márcia Cristina da Costa; da Silveira, Éricka Janine Dantas

    2016-01-01

    Background The studies found in the literature associate the immunoexpression of hMLH1 and hMSH2 proteins with histologic aspects, but do not correlate it with clinical and epidemiological data. Objective To evaluate the immunoexpression of hMLH1 and hMSH2 in actinic cheilitis, correlating it with clinical characteristics. Methods We analyzed 40 cases. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. The following clinical variables were evaluated: gender, age range, ethnicity, clinical aspect and occupational sunlight exposure. Statistical evaluation included the Student t-test, while the significance level was set at 5%. Results Greater immunoexpression of hMLH1 and hMSH2 was observed in females, individuals aged over 40, and mixed-race/black patients. Furthermore, the immunoexpression of these proteins was greater in actinic cheilitis with a white-colored appearance and in patients without occupational sunlight exposure. No statistical differences were observed for the variables studied. Conclusion This study uncovered variations of hMLH1 and hMSH2 protein expression upon evaluation of clinical aspects in actinic cheilitis. PMID:27579741

  6. Associação entre displasia e inflamação em queilite actínica Association between dysplasia and inflammation in actinic cheilitis

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    Marcos Antonio Farias de Paiva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A queilite actínica pode se transformar em carcinoma espinocelular e há indícios de que componentes inflamatórios participam do processo de malignização, o que ressalta a importância de estudos envolvendo a presença de atipia celular e inflamação crônica nessa lesão. OBJETIVO: Avaliar histologicamente lesões de queilite actínica considerando os graus de displasia epitelial, intensidade do infiltrado inflamatório e possível correlação entre as variáveis. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram selecionados 45 blocos parafinados de lesões com diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico de queilite actínica e com condições para reavaliação histopatológica. Foi realizada análise histopatológica e classificação da displasia e do infiltrado inflamatório em grau leve, moderado ou grave. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e aplicou-se o teste quiquadrado e análise de variância (ANOVA, considerando p INTRODUCTION: Actinic cheilitis may undergo malignant transformation to squamous cell carcinoma. Furthermore, there is evidence that inflammatory components may be involved in this process, hence the importance of studies involving cellular atypia and chronic inflammation in this lesion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological features of actinic cheilitis considering the degree of dysplasia, the intensity of inflammatory infiltrate and the possible correlation between the variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected 45 paraffin blocks of lesions with clinical and histopathological diagnosis of actinic cheilitis that enabled histopathological evaluation. The histopathological analysis was performed and the dysplasias and inflammatory infiltrates were classified into mild, moderate and severe. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, chi-square test and Analysis of variance (ANOVA, considering p < 0.05. RESULTS: 59.5% (27 of cases of actinic cheilitis showed some degree of

  7. Immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1, matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9, myofibroblasts and Ki-67 in actinic cheilitis and lip squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianco, Bianca C; Scotti, Fernanda M; Vieira, Daniella S C; Biz, Michelle T; Castro, Renata G; Modolo, Filipe

    2015-10-01

    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), myofibroblasts (MFs) and epithelial proliferation have key roles in neoplastic progression. In this study immunoexpression of MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9, presence of MFs and the epithelial proliferation index were investigated in actinic cheilitis (AC), lip squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and mucocele (MUC). Thirty cases of AC, thirty cases of LSCC and twenty cases of MUC were selected for immunohistochemical investigation of the proteins MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Ki-67. The MMP-1 expression in the epithelial component was higher in the AC than the MUC and LSCC. In the connective tissue, the expression was higher in the LSCC. MMP-2 showed lower epithelial and stromal immunostaining in the LSCC when compared to the AC and MUC. The epithelial staining for MMP-9 was higher in the AC when compared to the LSCC. However, in the connective tissue, the expression was lower in the AC compared to other lesions. The cell proliferation rate was increased in proportion to the severity of dysplasia in the AC, while in the LSCC it was higher in well-differentiated lesions compared to moderately differentiated. There were no statistically significant differences in number of MFs present in the lesions studied. The results suggest that MMPs could affect the biological behaviour of ACs and LSCCs inasmuch as they could participate in the development and progression from premalignant lesions to malignant lesions. PMID:26515234

  8. 口角炎患者念珠菌的检出及其影响因素的探讨%Detection of candida in patients with angular cheilitis and its related risk factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩莹; 刘宏伟

    2012-01-01

    目的:比较不同方法对口角念珠菌出率,探讨影响检出率的因素.方法:对就诊于北京大学口腔医学中医粘膜科、出现口角炎病损的68例患者进行问卷调查和口腔检查,并采用3种不同大的方法检测口角念珠菌,同时对所有患者进行唾液念珠菌培养.结果:湿棉拭子法、液体保存法及刮片法的口角念珠菌检出率分别是50%,42.6%,39.7%,累计检出率54.4%,经卡方检验,四者间差异无显著性.唾液念珠菌检出率75%,与口腔念珠菌感染存在显著相关性,宜与口角区渗出病损的存在显著正相关(P0. 05) , The accumulative detectable rate was 54.4% . The detectable rate of commissural Candida was significantly related to detectable rate of salivary Candida, occurring rate of oral candidiasis and exudation lesion at angular of mouth(P <0. 05). Conclusion; Candida is the main pathogen for angular cheilitis. Wet cotton swab test is recommended as the first choice in clinic to detect angular Candida. Liquid storing test can be used in detection of angular candida in epidemiological survey.

  9. Queilite actínica: avaliação comparativa estética e funcional entre as vermelhectomias clássica e em W-plastia Actinic cheilitis: aesthetic and functional comparative evaluation of vermilionectomy using the classic and W-plasty techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ed Wilson Tsuneo Rossoe

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A queilite actínica crônica é a ceratose actínica localizada no vermelhão labial. O tratamento é de crucial importância, devido ao potencial de transformação maligna. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados estéticos e funcionais das vermelhectomias clássica e em W-plastia na queilite actínica. Na técnica clássica, a cicatriz é linear; na W-plastia, em linha quebrada. MÉTODOS: Foram tratados 32 pacientes com diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico de queilite actínica. Quinze deles foram submetidos à técnica em W-plastia e 17, à técnica clássica. Avaliaram-se parâmetros como retração cicatricial e alterações funcionais. RESULTADOS: Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre a técnica utilizada e a presença de retração cicatricial, sendo a associação positiva com a clássica (p=0,01 com correção de Yates. O risco relativo (odds ratio - OR calculado foi de 11,25, ou seja, houve maior chance de retração nos pacientes submetidos à técnica clássica. Nenhuma das técnicas apresentou alterações funcionais. Avaliaram-se complicações pós-operatórias como presença de crostas, lábios secos, parestesia e deiscência de sutura. Não houve associação estatisticamente significante entre as complicações e a técnica utilizada (p=0,69. CONCLUSÃO: Concluiu-se que a vermelhectomia em W-plastia oferece melhores resultados estéticos e índices de complicações semelhantes.BACKGROUND: Chronic actinic cheilitis is actinic keratosis located on the vermilion border. Treatment is essential because of the potential for malignant transformation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the aesthetic and functional results of vermilionectomy using the classic and Wplasty techniques in actinic cheilitis. In the classic technique, the scar is linear and in the W-plasty one, it is a broken line. METHODS: 32 patients with clinical and histopathological diagnosis of actinic cheilitis were treated. Out of the 32 patients, 15

  10. Photodynamic therapy in actinic cheilitis: clinical and anatomopathological evaluation of 19 patients Tratamento de queilite actínica com terapia fotodinâmica: avaliação clínica e anatomopatológica de 19 pacientes

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    Camila Ferrari Ribeiro

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Actinic cheilitis, a common disease caused by chronic solar exposure and tobacco use, is considered a premalignant lesion with potential to develop into squamous cell carcinoma. Some of the available treatments are invasive, have unaesthetic results and require multiple sessions. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a therapy and its cosmetic results. METHODS: In this uncontrolled clinical trial a single photodynamic therapy (PDT session using 16% methyl-aminolevulinate was performed on actinic cheilitis of the lower lip. A standardized questionnaire was applied in order to assess the clinical improvement from the patients' point of view and the satisfaction with the treatment. Anatomopathological evaluation was performed before the treatment and two months afterwards. RESULTS: The sample was composed of 19 patients (10 males and 9 females, phototypes I to III, with average age of 62 years. Main adverse effects were: sudden pain, scabs, herpes flare-up, and edema. The average score of pain during the procedure was 5,8+2,9. At the final assessment the patients reported improvement of 80% and satisfaction of 85% (pFUNDAMENTOS: Queilite actínica, afecção causada por exposição solar crônica e tabagismo, é considerada lesão pré-maligna com possibilidade de transformação para carcinoma espinocelular. Alguns tratamentos descritos são invasivos, têm resultados inestéticos e requerem múltiplas aplicações. OBJETIVO: Verificar o uso de tratamento efetivo com resultado esteticamente aceitável. MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico não controlado, utilizando terapia fotodinâmica com cloridrato de aminolevulinato de metila creme 16%, única aplicação, na queilite actínica de lábio inferior. Aplicação de questionário padronizado para avaliar melhora clínica da lesão subjetiva do paciente e satisfação com tratamento. Avaliação anatomopatológica antes da aplicação e dois meses após. RESULTADOS: Amostra compreendeu 19

  11. Allergic contact cheilitis and perioral dermatitis caused by propolis: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budimir, Vice; Brailo, Vlaho; Alajbeg, Ivan; Vučićević Boras, Vanja; Budimir, Jozo

    2012-01-01

    We report a case of propolis allergy in an 18-year-old female patient. Medical history revealed self-prescribed topical use of propolis spray as a medication for gingival swelling caused by orthodontic molar bands. After 24 hours, the patient developed lip edema and erythema of the perioral skin accompanied by burning pain in her lips. Discrete erosions were present in the corners of her lips. Erythema of the right infraorbital region was also observed. The patient was prescribed betamethasone propionate cream two times daily. Complete recovery was observed after 10 days. Propolis allergy was confirmed by a patch test. We believe that the use of propolis for the treatment of oral diseases should be avoided due to sparse evidence of its efficacy and numerous cases of allergic reactions. PMID:23069305

  12. Queilite angular traumática em eqüinos associada à ingestão de Panicum maximum Angular cheilitis in horses associated with ingestion of Panicum maximum

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    José Diomedes Barbosa

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Uma condição com aumento da fenda bucal de eqüinos por lesão na comissura labial foi estudada. Este aumento tinha extensão variável e era uni ou bilateral. Na mucosa da bochecha da comissura labial exposta havia pequenas erosões. Durante a mastigação havia perda de pequena quantidade de capim e saliva pela fenda bucal aumentada. Os animais apresentavam bom estado nutricional. O exame histopatológico de tecido retirado da comissura labial revelou epidermite superficial. Nas quatro propriedades onde se verificou o problema, constatou-se que os eqüinos eram mantidos em sistema extensivo de criação em pastagem de Panicum maximum (variedades Tanzânia, Mombaça, Tobiatã e Colonião, com folhas maduras, altas, lignificadas e de bordos cortantes. De acordo com os dados epidemiológicos, com os achados clínicos e histopatológicos, concluí-se que essas lesões foram causadas pela ação cortante das folhas de Panicum maximum, associada à forma de apreensão da pastagem alta e mastigação pelos eqüinos.A condition with enlargement of the oral cleft in horses was studied. The enlargement of varied extension was uni or bilateral. The cheek mucosa of the labial commissure showed slight erosions. During chewing there was loss of small amounts of grass and saliva through the oral cleft. The affected horses were in good nutritional condition. Histopathological studies of tissues obtained by biopsia, revealed a superficial epidermitis. The pastures consisted of Panicum maximum grass (varieties Tanzânia, Mombaça, Tobiatã and Colonião which was mature, tall, lignified, with leaves of cutting edges. Based on epidemiological, clinical and histopathological data, it was concluded that the lesions were caused by the hard grass, favored by the way horses pull the tall grass and chew it.

  13. KENDALA DALAM PENATALAKSANAAN KEILITIS EKSFOLIATIF (Laporan Kasus

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    Indriasti Indah Wardhany

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Exfoliative cheilitis is a rare chronic superficial inflammation disorder which affect vermilion border of the lips, especially lower lip. This disorder mostly happens in woman. The characteristics of this disease are a large amount production and desquamation of the keratin layers. The etiology and pathogenesis of exfoliative cheilitis is unknown. Diagnosis of exfoliative cheilitis can only be established if the conditions od the disease couldn’t be connected to others factors. Exfoliative cheilitis is very resistant to many treatment modalities, which gave a difficulty to determining a therapy with an optimum result. Topical steroid was the most effective therapy for the disease. Antifungal therapy can be used only if there is a secondarily infection caused by Candida . This case report is about an exfoliative cheilitis on 42 years-old women with unknown etiology backgrounds. On intra-oral examination we found out that there were several focus of infections that can delay the healing processes. The patient’s conditions were resolved after a few month of topical steroid therapy, a month of antifungal therapy and management of the focus of infections. An exact diagnosis, an appropriate management, good corporation between sections which are related to patient condition and patient corporation are very important on the healing of exfoliative cheilitis.

  14. Mouth and dental disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. de Baat; I. van der Waal

    2009-01-01

    Summary This chapter contains sections titled: • Introduction • Periodontal disease • Dental caries • Odontogenic infections • Alveolar osteitis • Xerostomia and hyposalivation • Candidiasis • Angular cheilitis • Denture stomatitis • Burning mouth syndrome • Recurrent aphthous stomatitis • Recurrent

  15. Acute kidney injury following isotretinoin treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Armaly, Zaher; Haj, Shehadeh; Bowirrat, Abdalla; Alhaj, Mohammed; Jabbour, Adel; Fahoum, Yumna; Abassi, Zaid

    2013-01-01

    Patient: Female, 17 Final Diagnosis: Acute kidney injury Symptoms: Flank pain • nausea • vomiting Medication: Isotretinoin Clinical Procedure: Acne treatment Specialty: Nephrology Objective: Unknown etiology Background: Isotretinoin is widely used for the treatment of acne that is unresponsive to topical therapy. Despite its efficacy, isotretinoin has various adverse effects, including cheilitis, increased risk of cutaneous Staphylococcus aureus infections, and liver function abnormalities. C...

  16. Acute allergic contact dermatitis of the lips from peppermint oil in a lip balm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Anh; Pratt, Melanie; DeKoven, Joel

    2010-01-01

    The etiology of cheilitis is often not readily apparent. We present a case series of four patients with allergic contact cheilitis (ACC) secondary to exposure to peppermint oil contained in a lip balm product. These patients developed eczematous dermatitis involving their lips and perioral skin. They were tested with the North American Contact Dermatitis Group standard series as well as with an expanded series of flavoring agents, sunscreens, plant and fragrance components, and their own products. The lip balm contained potential sensitizers such as propolis, lanolin, coconut oil, almond oil, peppermint oil, and vitamin E. Our patch-test results showed that peppermint oil was the most likely culprit in these patients' ACC. Peppermint oil is less commonly reported as causing ACC than are more common contactants such as balsam of Peru or nickel sulfate. However, with the widespread use of lip balms containing peppermint oil, more cases of peppermint oil-induced ACC may be expected.

  17. Acute allergic angioedema of upper lip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahendran, Kavitha; Padmini, Govindasway; Murugesan, Ramesh; Srikumar, Arthiseethalakshmi

    2016-01-01

    Mishaps can occur during dental procedures, some owing to inattention to detail and others are totally unpredictable. They usually include anaphylaxis or allergic reactions to materials used for restorative purposes or drugs such as local anesthetics. A patient reported to our department with moderate dental fluorosis, and the treatment was planned with indirect composite veneering. During the procedure while cementation acute allergic reaction occurred, the specific cause could not be identified after allergic testing. During the procedure while cementationacute allergic angioedema of upper lip. Anaphylaxis, urticaria, allergy, hereditary atopic eczema, cellulitis, cheilitis granulomatosa, and cheilitis glandularis. The patient was reassured and given prednisolone 10 mg and cetirizine 10 mg orally, once daily for 3 days after which the symptoms subsided. This paper will discuss the pathogenesis, classification, identification, and management of angioedema during dental procedures. PMID:27217646

  18. Acute allergic angioedema of upper lip

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahendran, Kavitha; Padmini, Govindasway; Murugesan, Ramesh; Srikumar, Arthiseethalakshmi

    2016-01-01

    Mishaps can occur during dental procedures, some owing to inattention to detail and others are totally unpredictable. They usually include anaphylaxis or allergic reactions to materials used for restorative purposes or drugs such as local anesthetics. A patient reported to our department with moderate dental fluorosis, and the treatment was planned with indirect composite veneering. During the procedure while cementation acute allergic reaction occurred, the specific cause could not be identified after allergic testing. During the procedure while cementationacute allergic angioedema of upper lip. Anaphylaxis, urticaria, allergy, hereditary atopic eczema, cellulitis, cheilitis granulomatosa, and cheilitis glandularis. The patient was reassured and given prednisolone 10 mg and cetirizine 10 mg orally, once daily for 3 days after which the symptoms subsided. This paper will discuss the pathogenesis, classification, identification, and management of angioedema during dental procedures. PMID:27217646

  19. A Case with Recurrent Facial Palsy: Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome

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    Derya Fatma Bulut

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS is a rare neuromucocutaneous syndrome characterized by recurrent facial paralysis, orofacial edema and fissured tongue. Oligosymptomatic and monosymptomatic forms are more common than the triad. The presence of two manifestations or one manifestation with granulomatous cheilitis in biopsy is sufficient to make diagnosis of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. We present a 12 years-old male who is diagnosed Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. [Cukurova Med J 2014; 39(4.000: 918-921

  20. Esophageal motility impairment in Plummer-Vinson syndrome. Correction by iron treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dantas, R O; Villanova, M G

    1993-05-01

    We report the case of a 41-year-old woman with Plummer-Vinson syndrome and an esophageal motility disorder. She complained of dysphagia and odynophagia and had cheilitis, glossitis, and hypochromic anemia. An esophageal motility study showed low amplitude of contraction and high intrabolus pressure in the esophageal body. After iron replacement, the patient was free from symptoms, and a new motility study showed increased amplitude of contraction and decreased intrabolus pressure.

  1. Oral mucosal lesions and their association with sociodemographic, behavioral, and health status factors

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    José Nicolau GHENO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of oral mucosal lesions and their associations with sociodemographic, health, and behavioral factors in a southern Brazilian population. Information was collected from participants (n = 801 using a structured questionnaire during an oral cancer screening campaign held at an agribusiness show in southern Brazil in 2009. Data were described using frequency distributions or means and standard deviations. Associations between independent variables and outcomes were assessed using the Chi-squared test. A total of 465 lesions were detected (actinic cheilitis: n = 204, 25.5%; candidiasis: n = 50, 6.2%; fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia: n = 42, 5.2%; ulceration, n = 33, 4.1%; hemangioma: n = 14, 1.7%; leukoplakia: n = 11, 1.4%. Candidiasis, actinic cheilitis, and fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia were associated significantly with literacy. Actinic cheilitis was also associated significantly with sun exposure and hat use, and leukoplakia was associated with smoking. The high frequency of oral mucosal lesions observed highlights the importance of education about risk factors. Additionally, training of health professionals, mainly those from public health services, in the use of preventive and community education strategies is needed.

  2. Efficacy of ozonized olive oil in the management of oral lesions and conditions: A clinical trial

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    Tarun Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The oral cavity is an open ecosystem that shows a dynamic balance between the entrance of microorganisms (bacterial, viral or fungal, colonization modalities, nutritional balance, and host defenses against their removal. The oral lesions including aphthous ulcerations, herpes labialis, oral candidiasis, oral lichen planus, and angular cheilitis some of the common entities encountered in the clinical practice. A variety of treatment options is available in the literature for all of these lesions and conditions. Topical ozone therapy is a minimally invasive technique that can be used for these conditions without any side effects. Aim and Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of ozonized olive oil in the treatment of oral lesions and conditions. Materials and Methods: A longitudinal study was carried out on 50 patients (aphthous ulcerations, herpes labialis, oral candidiasis, oral lichen planus, and angular cheilitis. The ozonized olive oil was applied twice daily until the lesion regresses for a maximum of 6 months. Results: All the lesions regress in patients with aphthous ulcerations, herpes labialis, oral candidiasis and angular cheilitis or showed improvement in the signs and symptoms in oral lichen planus patients. No toxicity or side effect was observed in any of the patients. Conclusion: Ozone therapy though requires a gaseous form to be more effective, but topical form can also bring out the positive results without any toxicity or side effect. Hence, it can be considered as a minimally invasive therapy for the oral infective and immunological conditions.

  3. Oral mucosal lesions and their association with sociodemographic, behavioral, and health status factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gheno, José Nicolau; Martins, Marco Antonio Trevizani; Munerato, Maria Cristina; Hugo, Fernando Neves; Sant'ana Filho, Manoel; Weissheimer, Camila; Carrard, Vinicius Coelho; Martins, Manoela Domingues

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of oral mucosal lesions and their associations with sociodemographic, health, and behavioral factors in a southern Brazilian population. Information was collected from participants (n = 801) using a structured questionnaire during an oral cancer screening campaign held at an agribusiness show in southern Brazil in 2009. Data were described using frequency distributions or means and standard deviations. Associations between independent variables and outcomes were assessed using the Chi-squared test. A total of 465 lesions were detected (actinic cheilitis: n = 204, 25.5%; candidiasis: n = 50, 6.2%; fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia: n = 42, 5.2%; ulceration, n = 33, 4.1%; hemangioma: n = 14, 1.7%; leukoplakia: n = 11, 1.4%). Candidiasis, actinic cheilitis, and fibrous inflammatory hyperplasia were associated significantly with literacy. Actinic cheilitis was also associated significantly with sun exposure and hat use, and leukoplakia was associated with smoking. The high frequency of oral mucosal lesions observed highlights the importance of education about risk factors. Additionally, training of health professionals, mainly those from public health services, in the use of preventive and community education strategies is needed.

  4. [Systemic lupus erythematosus in a boy with chronic granulomatous disease: case report and review of the literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Abdallah Chabchoub, R; Turki, H; Mahfoudh, A

    2014-12-01

    The association of chronic granulomatosis disease (CGD) with autoimmune diseases such as lupus has been described but remains rare. K… is a boy born of a consanguineous marriage. In the family history, two brothers had died at a young age. He had been followed up since the age of 6 months for CGD. At 11 years of age, he developed malar rash, cheilitis, oral ulceration, and photosensitivity. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was confirmed by the presence of high levels of antinuclear antibodies. This observation demonstrates that with the clinical association of recurrent infections and skin lesions the diagnosis of CGD with SLE must be considered. PMID:25445129

  5. Isotretinoin induced rash, urticaria, and angioedema: a case report

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    Zonunsanga

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Isotretinoin is a vitamin A analogue, which is readily isomerized to tretinoin. It causes normalization of abnormal keratinisation. It also reduces sebum secretion. It also has anti-inflammatory as well as antibacterial properties. It has some adverse effects like teratogenecity, hypertriglyceridemia, pancreatitis, dryness of skin, cheilitis, altered liver functions etc. A 25 years old unmarried lady presented with acne vulgaris, who did not showed improvements with conventional (antibiotics therapy was given isotretinoin. She developed maculopapular rash, urticaria and angioedema Isotretinoin induced urticarial rashes and angioedema is rarely reported as far as our knowledge is concerned.

  6. Hyper-Immunoglobulin E Syndrome

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    Gnanraj Pushpa

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of hyper-IgE syndrome in a 6 year old boy with bronchial asthma is reported here with the various manifestations of multiple tender abscesses of the scalp, recurrent dermatophyte infections of his face and right thigh, eczematous lesions of his neck, shoulders and antecubital fossae, candidiasis of the tongue, angular cheilitis and total dystrophy of his right bit toe nail. Laboratory investigations revealed staphylococcus aureus infection of the scalp, Trichophyton rubrum infection of the face and the thigh and candidal onychomycosis. Immunological survey revealed markedly elevated serum lgE level.

  7. Orofacial granulomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miest, Rachel; Bruce, Alison; Rogers, Roy S

    2016-01-01

    Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is an uncommon chronic granulomatous condition with a multifactorial etiology and pathogenesis. Genetic, immunologic, allergic, and infectious mechanisms have been implicated. OFG is often used as a descriptor to encompass all entities with orofacial swelling and histologic evidence of noncaseating granulomas. The diagnosis of OFG should prompt evaluation for provocative factors. The cause of most cases of OFG remains obscure. The clinician must consider mycobacterial infections, deep fungal infections, sarcoidosis, rosacea, and Crohn disease (CD). In addition, OFG should be considered synonymous with previously described conditions, including granulomatous cheilitis and Miescher cheilitis, as well as Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome and its monosymtomatic or oligosymptomatic variants. The relationship of OFG to CD is currently debated, with recent evidence suggesting the possibility of three entities: classic oral CD (established gastrointestinal CD with oral involvement), OFG with gastrointestinal involvement (OFG with subclinical or asymptomatic gastrointestinal endoscopy changes), and OFG without bowel involvement. Childhood onset, presence of certain phenotypic features, laboratory abnormalities, or gastrointestinal symptoms may indicate the need for further evaluation to assess for concurrent or future CD. Although multiple therapies have been found to be effective in small numbers of patients, treatment should be tailored to each patient. PMID:27343966

  8. The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in patients visiting a dental school in Southern India

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    Mathew Anuna

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in Manipal, Karnataka State, India. A total of 1190 subjects who visited the department of oral medicine and radiology for diagnosis of various oral complaints over a period of 3 months were interviewed and clinically examined for oral mucosal lesions. The result showed the presence of one or more mucosal lesions in (41.2% of the population. Fordyce′s condition was observed most frequently (6.55% followed by frictional keratosis (5.79%, fissured tongue (5.71%, leukoedema (3.78%, smoker′s palate (2.77%, recurrent aphthae, oral submucous fibrosis (2.01%, oral malignancies (1.76%, leukoplakia (1.59%, median rhomboid glossitis (1.50%, candidiasis (1.3%, lichen planus (1.20%, varices (1.17%, traumatic ulcer and oral hairy leukoplakia (1.008%, denture stomatitis, geographic tongue, betel chewer′s mucosa and irritational fibroma (0.84%, herpes labialis, angular cheilitis (0.58%, and mucocele (0.16%. Mucosal lesions like tobacco-related lesions (leukoplakia, smoker′s palate, oral submucous fibrosis, and oral malignancies were more prevalent among men than among women. Denture stomatitis, herpes labialis, and angular cheilitis occurred more frequently in the female population.

  9. Síndrome de Melkersson Rosenthal: reporte de un caso y revisión de la literatura Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome: case report and literature review

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    R. Cosmelli Maturana

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available El Síndrome de Melkersson Rosenthal se describe como la asociación de edema labial (queilitis granulomatosa de Miescher y/o facial recurrente, parálisis facial recidivante y lengua fisurada. El edema labial recurrente se presenta en uno o ambos labios, el cual puede llegar a ser persistente. Cuando se presenta en forma aislada se considera como una forma monosintomatica de este síndrome. El objetivo de esta revisión es mostrar el seguimiento de un caso clínico atendido en nuestro servicio con el diagnóstico síndrome de Melkersson Rosenthal que presenta una gran queilitis granulomatosa asociada a lengua fisurada, cuyo tratamiento consistió en la infiltración de corticoides intralesionales y una posterior queiloplastía.Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is described as the association of recurrent lip edema (Miescher’s cheilitis granulomatosa and/or facial edema, recurrent facial paralysis, and plicated tongue. Recurrent edema occurs in one or both lips, and can be persistent. When lip edema alone occurs, the case is considered a monosymptomatic form of this syndrome. The aim of this review was to discuss the follow-up of a patient seen in our department with the diagnosis of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome who presented intense cheilitis granulomatosa associated with plicated tongue. The patient was treated with infiltration of intralesional corticoids and later cheiloplasty.

  10. Aktinik şelitis tedavisinde 5-fluorourasıl (5-fu kullanımı: derleme ve iki olgunun sunumu

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    Taha Unal

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Actinic (solar cheilitis is an epithelial precancerous lesion with a predilection of lower lip rather than upper lip. Clinically they may be undistinguishable from squamous cell carcinomas. Therefore actinic cheilitis should not be left untreated and the effected area should be protected from exposure to excess sun light. Two patients complaining of chronic ulcers and burning sensation on their lower lips were referred to the oral surgery clinic. Clinical examination revealed keratotic areas and superficial ulcers on lower lip vermillion. Patients’ history and the clinical findings led us to a clinical diagnosis of actinic cheilitis in both cases. The diagnoses were confirmed histopathologically, treatment was with topical 5-FU and one of the cases is still under our review. Clinical appearance of actinic cheilitis can be similar to lip carcinomas and there is the risk of transformation to squamous cell carcinoma. For this reason it is imperative that a biopsy is taken promptly to confirm the diagnosis. Recurrence is possible after treatment and this necessitates regular review appointments. Patient compliance is a must, and to improve this, treatment options should be discussed with the patient and their preferences should be considered.

    ÖZET

    Aktinik (solar şelitis daha çok alt dudakta görülen epitelyal prekanseröz bir oluşumdur. Klinik olarak, skuamoz hücreli karsinomdan ayrılması güç olabilir. Bu nedenle aktinik şelitis tedavisiz bırakılmamalı ve etkilenen bölge güneş ışığından korunmalıdır. Alt dudaklarında iyileşmeyen yara ve yanma şikayeti olan 2 olgu, Ağız Diş Çene Hastalıkları ve Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı kliniğine başvurmuşlardır. Muayenede alt dudak vermilyonlarında iyileşmeyen yüzeyel ülserler ve keratotik alanlar içeren lezyonlar saptanmıştır. Her iki olgunun da hikayeleri ve klinik muayeneleri sonucunda aktinik şelitis

  11. Vitiligo Lateral Lower Lip

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    Sahoo Antaryami

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Vitiligo characteristically affecting the lateral lower lip (LLL is a common presentation in South Orissa. This type of lesion has rarely been described in literature. One hundred eighteen such cases were studied during the period from October 1999 to September, 2000. LLL vitiligo constituted 16.39% of all vitiligo patients. Both sexes were affected equally. The peak age of onset was in the 2nd decade, mean duration of illness 21.46 months. Fifty six patients had unilateral lesion (38 on the left and 18 on the right. Among the 62 patients having bilateral lesions, the onset was more frequent on the left (38 than either the right (8 or both sides together (16. All the patients were right handed. Association with local factors like infection, trauma, cheilitis, FDE etc were associated in 38.98% of cases, but systemic or autoimmune diseases were not associated. Positive family history was found in 22% of cases.

  12. Glucagonoma syndrome: a case report

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    García Bernardo Carmen M

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Glucagonoma syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic phenomenon, with an estimated incidence of one in 20 million, characterized by necrolytic migratory erythema, hyperglucagonemia, diabetes mellitus, anemia, weight loss, glossitis, cheilitis, steatorrhea, diarrhea, venous thrombosis and neuropsychiatric disturbances in the setting of a glucagon-producing alpha-cell tumor of the pancreas. Necrolytic migratory erythema is the presenting manifestation in the majority of cases, so its early suspicion and correct diagnosis is a key factor in the management of the patient. Case presentation We present the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian woman with glucagonoma syndrome due to an alpha-cell tumor located in the tail of the pancreas, successfully treated with surgical resection. Conclusion Clinicians should be aware of the unusual initial manifestations of glucagonoma. Early diagnosis allows complete surgical resection of the neoplasm and provides the only chance of a cure.

  13. Angioedema-Urticaria Due to Acitretin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Berna; Metin, Nurcan; Erdem, Mustafa Teoman

    2016-01-01

    Acitretin is a synthetic oral retinoid that has been used for a number of dermatological diseases. Several side effects of acitretin have been reported such as teratogenicity, cheilitis, xerosis, dyslipidemia, and photosensitivity. Many drugs, mainly antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can cause angioedema-urticaria. We present the case of angioedema-urticaria due to acitretin, confirmed by oral provocation test, in a 61-year-old man with psoriasis. To the best of our knowledge, only 1 case of angioedema due to oral acitretin has been reported in the literature so far. We report this case to draw attention that acitretin may cause angioedema-urticaria and to inform patients about this risk besides other side effects due to acitretin. PMID:26820109

  14. A case of Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome and the Association Between the Orofacial Granulomatous Diseases

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    Yalcin Bas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Melkersson%u2013Rosenthal syndrome is characterized by a triad of symptoms consisting recurring facial paralysis unilateral or bilateral, orofacial edema especially on the lips and fissured tongue. The orofacial swelling is characterized by reddish-brown, swollen, nonpruritic lips or edema of the face. The facial palsy is indistinguishable from Bell%u2019s palsy. The exact etiology is unknown. However, genetic and acquired factors have been implicated. There is no satisfactory treatment for Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome yet. It is rarely seen to be able to observe all these symptoms of the syndrome at the same time and also incomplete cases may be confusing. Here we report a case of male patient and discuss Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome and its association between orofacial granulomatosis and cheilitis granulomatosa.

  15. Oral Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Two Case Reports

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    Pereira, Manoela Seadi; Munerato, Maria Cristina

    2016-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are known as chronic inflammatory disorders of the digestive tract, represented mainly by Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Among the main oral manifestations of IBD are cobblestoning of the oral mucosa, labial swellings with vertical fissures, pyostomatitis vegetans, angular cheilitis, perioral erythema, and glossitis. In this sense, understanding these nosological entities by dentists would help reach early and differential diagnosis. Thus, two case reports are presented and discussed based on theoretical references obtained by a literature review. The first case report refers to an adult patient whose IBD diagnosis was established after stomatological assessment. The second case was a patient with CD diagnosed in childhood with characteristic oral lesions. PMID:26864508

  16. Plummer-Vinson syndrome following gastric bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapthavee, Andrew; Kircher, Matthew L; Akst, Lee M

    2014-09-01

    Plummer-Vinson syndrome (PVS) is the combination of dysphagia, angular cheilitis, atrophic glossitis, and esophageal webbing in the setting of iron deficiency anemia. Although it is relatively uncommon, this condition is important to recognize because it is a source of dysphagia and it confers an increased risk for hypopharyngeal cancer. Cases of PVS associated with gastrointestinal conditions such as celiac disease and gastric cancer have been previously reported in the literature, but as far as we know, no case of PVS associated with bariatric surgery has been previously reported. We describe the case of a 39-year-old woman who developed PVS following gastric bypass surgery, and we briefly discuss the current knowledge of this syndrome.

  17. Oral manifestations of plummer-vinson syndrome: a classic report with literature review.

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    Samad, Abdul; Mohan, N; Balaji, R V Suresh; Augustine, Dominic; Patil, Shankar Gouda

    2015-03-01

    Plummer-Vinson syndrome (PVS) is a triad of microcytic hypochromic anemia, atrophic glossitis, and esophageal webs or strictures. It is one of the syndromes associated with iron deficiency anemia. Symptoms resulting from anemia predominates the clinical picture, apart from the additional features such as glossitis, angular cheilitis, and dysphagia. Dysphagia is main clinical feature of PVS. PVS carries an increased risk of development of squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus and pharynx. A classic case report of PVS with clinical features, oral manifestations, malignant potential, differential diagnosis, investigation, dental implication, and treatment is discussed here with the literature review from the dentist's point of view. The article carries a message that dental surgeons have to be familiar with the oral manifestations of anemia and be able to suspect PVS to aid in early diagnosis and prompt treatment.

  18. In vivo confocal microscopy for the oral cavity: Current state of the field and future potential.

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    Maher, N G; Collgros, H; Uribe, P; Ch'ng, S; Rajadhyaksha, M; Guitera, P

    2016-03-01

    Confocal microscopy (CM) has been shown to correlate with oral mucosal histopathology in vivo. The purposes of this review are to summarize what we know so far about in vivo CM applications for oral mucosal pathologies, to highlight some current developments with CM devices relevant for oral applications, and to formulate where in vivo CM could hold further application for oral mucosal diagnosis and management. Ovid Medline® and/or Google® searches were performed using the terms 'microscopy, confocal', 'mouth neoplasms', 'mouth mucosa', 'leukoplakia, oral', 'oral lichen planus', 'gingiva', 'cheilitis', 'taste', 'inflammatory oral confocal', 'mucosal confocal' and 'confocal squamous cell oral'. In summary, inclusion criteria were in vivo use of any type of CM for the human oral mucosa and studies on normal or pathological oral mucosa. Experimental studies attempting to identify proteins of interest and microorganisms were excluded. In total 25 relevant articles were found, covering 8 main topics, including normal oral mucosal features (n=15), oral dysplasia or neoplasia (n=7), inflamed oral mucosa (n=3), taste impairment (n=3), oral autoimmune conditions (n=2), pigmented oral pathology/melanoma (n=1), delayed type hypersensitivity (n=1), and cheilitis glandularis (n=1). The evidence for using in vivo CM in these conditions is poor, as it is limited to mainly small descriptive studies. Current device developments for oral CM include improved probe design. The authors propose that future applications for in vivo oral CM may include burning mouth syndrome, intra-operative mapping for cancer surgery, and monitoring and targeted biopsies within field cancerization. PMID:26786962

  19. Oral Soft Tissue Pathologies among Diabetic Patients in Rasht- 2005

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    H Hassannia

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Diabetes can affect organs including the oral mucosa. There is a disagreement about the prevalence of oral mucosal disease in diabetic patients. We therefore decided to investigate more about that. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of soft tissue pathologies by assessing burning mouth and xerostomia in diabetic patients on the basis of type of diabetes and control status of diabetes. Methods: This descriptive, analytic study was done by visiting 486 known diabetic patients who were referred to the Endocrine Clinic in summer of 2005. Their demographic information with history of systemic diseases accompanied by the amount of HbAIC and duration of disease was recorded in their questionnaire. Diagnosis of oral lesions was done by clinical examination. Burning mouth was assessed by visual analog scale in persons who suffered and subjective xerostomia was evaluated by standard questionnaire. Data collection was done by software SPSS 10, and statistical analysis was done by X2 and logistic regression test. Results: In this study, 34 patients were type I and 434 were type II patients with mean age of 47.84±9.77 years. Frequency of all candidasis lesions was 15.4% which included denture stomatitis 5.3%, angular cheilitis 4.1%, median rhomboid glossitis 1.5%and papillary atrophy of tongue 4.5%. Frequency of non-candidal lesions was 20.1%, which included fissured tongue 10.5%, geographic tongue 7.9% and lichen planus 1.7%. 6.2% of patients suffered from glossodyna. 15.6% of patients had xerestomia. By logistical regression test, we found that type of diabetes affects denture stomatitis, angular cheilitis, tongue atrophy and amount of HbA1c. Conclusion: All of the pathologies were greater in type I than type II diabetes patients. Level of HbA1c had an important role in appearance of oral lesions and level changes can cause problems in the mouth. Thus, patients should maintain their oral hygiene and control their glucose

  20. A retrospective analysis of real-life practice of off-label photodynamic therapy using methyl aminolevulinate (MAL-PDT) in 20 Italian dermatology departments. Part 2: oncologic and infectious indications.

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    Calzavara-Pinton, Pier Giacomo; Rossi, Maria Teresa; Sala, Raffaella

    2013-01-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) has been suggested as a useful treatment option in a number of skin tumors, other than approved indications, and infections. However, evidence is poor because it is mainly supported by isolated case reports or small case series, often with conflicting results. To assess the effectiveness, tolerability and safety of off-label MAL-PDT in daily clinical practice in 20 Italian hospitals, a retrospective observational study of medical records of patients treated for off-label oncologic and infectious skin conditions was carried out. In all patients standard treatment options had been either ineffective, unacceptably toxic, or medically contraindicated. Clinical data from 145 patients were analyzed. Actinic cheilitis showed a complete remission (CR) in 27 out of 43 treated patients and CR was maintained at follow-up. CR was registered in 3 of 8, 5 of 8 and 10 of 17 treated patients who were affected by extra-mammary Paget's disease (EMPD), erythroplasia of Queyrat (QD), and invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), respectively. Five out of 19 patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma had a complete remission. Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, mastocytosis and nevus sebaceous were not responsive. Warts were treated in 30 patients and 15 had a complete remission. However, periungueal and plantar lesions were much more responsive than flat and common lesions. Condylomata showed a CR in 2 out of 5 male patients but treatment was painful. Bowenoid papulosis showed only a partial improvement. Atypical mycobacteriosis and chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis were successfully treated. Submammary candidal intertrigo and interdigital intertrigo with Pseudomonas aeruginosa did not improve. Among off-label oncological uses of MAL-PDT, the therapy of actinic cheilitis was the most investigated and showed the best results. In addition, MAL-PDT was used successfully in the majority of patients with QD, EMPD

  1. Oral manifestation of HIV/AIDS infections in paediatric Nigerian patients

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    Adetokunbo Rafel Adebola

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aims of this study were to determine the pattern and frequency of oral lesions and to compare the prevalence of HIV-related oral lesions in paediatric Nigerian patients on HAART with those not on HAART. Materials and Methods: All patients aged 15 years and below attending the Infectious Disease Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital with a diagnosis of HIV were consecutively examined in a cross-sectional study over a 2-year period. Information was obtained by history, physical examinations, HIV testing, and enumeration of CD+ T cells. The results are presented. A P-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results: A total of 105 children comprising 63 males and 42 female who met the inclusion criteria participated in the study, mean age in months was 53.3±42.2, with a mean of 3.4±2.2 for male and 2.8±1.8 for female respectively. Oral lesions occurred in 61.9% of the children Overall, 22 (21.0% had at least one oral lesion, 43 (41.0% had multiple lesion. The most common lesion was oral candidiasis (79.1%. The angular cheilitis (43.8% variant was most frequent. The mean CD4 counts were 1138 cells/mm [3] , 913 cells/mm [3] and 629 cells/mm [3] for those without oral lesion, with single lesion and multiple oral lesions respectively. These differences were not statistically significant (ANOVA: F=0.185, df=2, 80, 82, P=0.831. Patients on HAART comprised about 61.9% and these were found to have reduced risk for development of such oral lesions as angular cheilitis (OR=0.76; 95% CI=0.56-1.02; P=0.03, pseudomembranous candidiasis (OR=0.71; 95% CI=0.54-0.94; P=0.024 and HIV-gingivitis (OR=0.59; 95% CI=0.46-0.75; P=0.001. HAART had some beneficial but insignificant effect on development of HIV-periodonttitis (OR=0.60; 95% CI=0.51-0.70; P=0.09. The chances of occurrence of other oral lesions were not significantly reduced by HAART (Kaposi sarcoma, OR=1.24; 95% CI=0.31-5.01; P=0.47, erythematous candidiasis, OR=1.13; 95% CI=0

  2. Primary Biliary Cirrhosis and Primary Sjögren's Syndrome: Insights for the Stomatologist

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    Liliane Lins

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC is a chronic progressive autoimmune disease characterized by portal inflammation and immune-mediated destruction of the intrahepatic bile ducts. Primary Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands, mainly the lachrymal and salivary glands, in the absence of other definitively diagnosed rheumatologic disease. We report a diagnosed case of primary Sjögren's syndrome associated with PBC. A 59-year-old Caucasian woman went to oral evaluation reporting dry mouth, difficulty in eating associated with burning mouth syndrome, dysgeusia and dysphagia. Intraoral examination revealed extensive cervical caries, gingivitis, gingival retraction, angular cheilitis and atrophic tongue. Hyposalivation was detected by salivary flow and Schirmer's test was positive. Antinuclear and antimitochondrial antibodies were both positive. Anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies were negative. A minor salivary gland biopsy of the lower lip was performed. Histopathologic analysis revealed lymphocytic infiltrate with destruction of salivary gland architecture in some areas and replacement of glandular tissues by mononuclear cells. Optimal management of PBC associated with Sjögren's syndrome requires a multidisciplinary approach as the key to optimal patient care. Dental practitioners should be able to recognize the clinical features of this associated condition. Appropriate dental care may prevent tooth decay, periodontal disease and oral infections as well as improve the patient's quality of life.

  3. Evaluation of Prevalence of Oral Candidiasis in Patients Using Complete Denture Wears

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    P Tavakkol

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Denture stomatotos os a common problem of the denture wears, and its etiology is not clear from the literatures. Some studies show that the aetiology is candida albicans, while other reports point out the other agents including candida albicans. The present study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of oral candidiasis in patients using complete denture with different datas. 50 subjects all wearing complete denture participated in this study. The palatal mucosa was swabbed and swabs were cultured in Sabourauds medium containing 0.005% chloramphenicol then cultures were tested with common mycological lab tests. In 80% of patients oral candidiasis have been diagnosed. In the investigation a direct relation between the oral candidiasis and removal of denture at night, denture cleanliness, presence of any suction and symptoms of denture stomatitis was shown. No relation between the oral candidiasis and sex, smoking habit, succeptible disease, angular cheilitis; the recent condition of denture and the retention of denture were found. The findings of our investigation indicates that candida albicans is the causative agent of denture stomatitis while other factors such as denture cleanliness, removal of denture at night and presence of any suction may be considered as well.

  4. A comparison of oral and dental manifestations in diabetic and non-diabetic uremic patients receiving hemodialysis

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    Preethi Murali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the oral and dental findings of uremic patients receiving hemodialysis and to compare the Results between diabetic and non-diabetic groups. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients undergoing hemodialysis were classified into diabetic and non-diabetic groups and examined for uremic oral manifestations, dental caries (DMFT, and periodontal status (CPITN. Mann-Whitney test of significance has been applied for analyzing DMFT score and chi-square test is used for analyzing CPITN score. Results: Of the study group, 46% were diabetic and only 11% of them did not have any oral manifestation. Oral manifestations observed were xerostomia and uremic odor, which contributed to 47 (23% and 37 (17%, respectively. Hyperpigmentation was present in 26 (12%, macroglossia in 23 (11%, and uremic tongue coating in 24 (11%. Mucosal petechiae were seen in 17 patients contributing to 8% of total patients. Eleven patients had tongue pallor (5%, 9 patients had glossitis with depapillation (4%, and 7 patients had dysgeusia (3%. Angular cheilitis and gingival swelling were seen in 5 patients (2%. Conclusion: The oral and dental manifestations were higher in prevalence in the study group. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups.

  5. Folic acid: A positive influence on periodontal tissues during health and disease

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    Joann Pauline George

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Periodontal disease is a multifactorial disease, the origin of which remains obscure. However, the manifestation and progression of periodontitis is influenced by a wide variety of determinants including social and behavioral factors, systemic factors, environmental and genetic factors. Periodontal tissue integrity is dependent on the adequate intake of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and mineral salts. Chronic deficiencies in the availability of one or more of these nutrients are expected to produce pathological alterations in the expression and progression of periodontal disease. Folic acid, also known as vitamin B 9 or folacin, is one such vitamin that is essential for numerous bodily functions ranging from nucleotide biosynthesis to the remethylation of homocysteine. Folic acid deficiency causes absence of keratinization of gingival surface, decreased resistance to infection, necrosis of gingiva, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone destruction in animals and humans. This may be accompanied by ulcerative glossitis and cheilitis. Repair and maintenance of periodontal tissues generates a high turnover rate of squamous epithelium and without folic acid, epithelial cells do not divide properly. Folic acid deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency in the world. Organic nitrites, nitrous oxide, cyanates, and isocyanates found in cigarette smoke have been shown to interact with folic acid, transforming them into biologically inactive compounds and thereby leading to lower folic acid levels in serum, red blood cells, and respiratory tract. Folic acid supplementation as an adjunct in the management of periodontal disease in smokers will prove to have beneficial effect on the periodontal tissues during repair and turnover.

  6. Associated oral lesions in human immunodefeciency virus infected children of age 1 to 14 years in anti retroviral therapy centers in Tamil Nadu

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    R Krishna Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of oral lesions status in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infected children of age 1 to 14 years in Anti Retro viral therapy (ART centres in Tamil Nadu. Materials and Methods: A of total 326 HIV infected children, age 1 to 14 years of which 174 male children and 152 female children were examined for Oral lesions in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University in association with the ART centers in Villupuram, Vellore and HIV Homes in Thiruvannamalai, Trichy and Salem in Tamil Nadu towns. Statistical Analysis: Statistical Package for Social Science for Windows (version 11 code: 3000135939012345. Result: Of the total 326 children, 201 (61.65% had oral lesions. (68 [20.86%] with Oral Candidiasis [OC], 54 [16.56%] with Angular Cheilitis, 27 [8.28%] with Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis [NUG], 25 [7.66%] with Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis [NUP], 18 [5.53%] with Linear Gingival Erythema [LGE] and 9 [2.76%] with Apthous Ulcer. Conclusion Among the oral lesions in HIV infected children, OC 20.86% was the predominant oral lesion followed by Angular Chelitis 16.56%, NUG 8.28%, NUP 7.66%, LGE5.53% and Apthous Ulcer 2.76%.

  7. DEVRIESEASIS IN A PLUMED BASILISK (BASILISCUS PLUMIFRONS) AND CHINESE WATER DRAGONS (PHYSIGNATHUS COCINCINUS) IN A ZOOLOGIC COLLECTION.

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    Rossier, Christophe; Hoby, Stefan; Wenker, Christian; Brawand, Stefanie Gobeli; Thomann, Andreas; Brodard, Isabelle; Jermann, Thomas; Posthaus, Horst

    2016-03-01

    Devriesea agamarum is a Gram-positive bacterium that was first described in 2008 as a causative agent of disease in lizards. Until today, reports from several countries reported the presence of this bacterium in various lizard species, which suggests a wide distribution among lizard collections. Pathologic lesions ranged from proliferative dermatitis and cheilitis to abscesses in multiple organs and septicemia in single animals, as well as entire groups. Until now, disease caused by D. agamarum has been reported in several lizard species. Because the bacterium is only identified by 16S rRNA sequencing and no commercially available identification systems contain the agent in their database, it may be underdiagnosed. This report describes a series of fatal devrieseasis in plumed basilisks (Basiliscus plumifrons) and Chinese water dragons (Physignathus cocincinus) from a zoologic collection and extends the range of susceptible species. In 3 mo, five animals died with pyogranulomatous lesions in the subcutis, the coelomic cavity, or multiple organs. In all cases, diffuse swelling or focal skin elevations of different body parts were observed. Devriesea agamarum could be isolated from lesions in all animals. A subsequent clinical survey of the lizard collection including bacteriologic investigation of oral cavity swabs indicated that bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were carriers of D. agamarum, which suggests that this species could be a source of infection with this pathogen.

  8. Efficacy of HPA Lanolin® in treatment of lip alterations related to chemotherapy

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    Paulo Sergio da Silva Santos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The side effects of chemotherapy on the lips may cause esthetic and functional impact and increase the risk of infection. HPA Lanolin® is an option for supportive therapy because it has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and moisturizing properties. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of this product in the prevention of lip alterations in a population of patients undergoing chemotherapy. Material and Methods: Patients undergoing chemotherapy (n = 57 were examined and distributed into two groups: study (used HPA Lanolin® and control (without supportive therapy on the lips. We evaluated the patients two weeks after chemotherapy, registering oral alterations, symptoms of pain, discomfort, limitation of mouth opening and dehydration, classified according to a visual analogue scale. Results: Patients who used HPA Lanolin® had lower dehydration and experienced improvement of lip dryness (p<0.001. The main symptoms were dehydration, discomfort, limitation of mouth opening, pain. The main clinical signs were dry lips, mucositis, cheilitis, hematoma, swelling and cracking. We found no difference concerning the variables of pain, discomfort, and limitation of mouth opening between the study and control group. Conclusions: We suggest that HPA Lanolin® is effective in reducing the symptoms of dehydration and the signs of lip dryness resulting from toxicity of chemotherapy, proving to be an interesting alternative supportive therapy for cancer patients.

  9. Skin Findings in Renal Transplantation Patients

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    Demet Kartal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: It was aimed to identify skin findings those were seen in patients who undergone renal transplantation. Methods: Patients who have been followed in Erciyes University Nephrology Hospital renal transplantation outpatient clinic were included in the study. They were evaluated for dermatologic findings during routine controls. Age, gender, transplantation date, identity of organ donor, history of medications, dermatological history and dermatological findings during examination were recorded. Biopsy was performed when needed. Results: In total 94 patients, 25 female (26.6% and 69 male (73.4%, were recruited to the study. Mean age was 36±10 years. The most frequent skin finding was drug-related acne (n=20. Most common infectious disease was verruca (n=17. There were viral disease other than verruca such as herpes zoster (n=3, superficial mycosis such as onychomycosis (n=5, tinea versicolor, tinea pedis and bacterial skin disease (n=2, and paronychia (n=1 and pre-malign lesions such as actinic cheilitis and bowenoid papulosis. Besides these, stria (n=3, kserosis (n=2, cornu cutaneum, café-au-lait spots, sebaceous hyperplasia and seborrheic dermatitis, skin tag, hypertrichosis, unguis incarinatus and calcinosis were other skin findings those were seen. No malign skin lesion was observed in any of patients. Conclusion: Miscellaneous skin lesions should develop in patients those undergone renal transplantation due to long-term utilization of various immunosuppressive drugs.

  10. Prevalence of changes in oral mucosa in adults in the population of Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Paulo Roberto Henrique

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral mucosal alterations among Brazilian adults of the Uberaba, city of Minas Gerais state of Brazil. Methods: A random sample of age, gender, and race was obtained comprising 1 006 individuals over the age of twenty years. Individuals were interviewed and examined according to the Marcucci guide1. Results: Prevalence of oral mucosal alterations in the sample was 54.4%, with 32.2% presenting oral mucosal lesions and 35.2% with normal alterations (12.6% of the individuals exhibited the two conditions. The most common lesion was gingivitis (6.6% followed by candidiasis (4.5%, fibroma (3.2%, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (3.1%, actinic cheilitis (2.4%, traumatic ulcers (1.7% mucocele (1.2%, minor aphta (1.2%, oral leukoplakia (1.2%. Sublingual varix was the most frequent (9.9% among the normality conditions, followed by Fordyce spot (6.6%, fissured tongue (3.2%, leukoedema (3.1%, geographic tongue (2.7%, torus mandibularis (2.1%, linea alba (2.1%, hairy tongue (1.4%, torus palatinus (1.0%. Biopsies were performed in 31 clinically indicated cases and no case of oral cancer was observed. Conclusion: Conditions observed among this Brazilian population were essentially the same as those that have been described in other populations around the world. Different factors increased the probability of specific oral mucosal conditions.

  11. Clinical characteristics and treatment of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome - overview of six patients

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    Rašković Sanvila

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is a rare disease of unknown etiology. Histopathologically, it presents as granulomatous cheilitis. From laboratory aspect, it is a nonspecific, differential diagnostically and therapeutically complex condition. Case Report. This is a report of six cases treated at the Department of Allergology and Immunology of the Clinical Center of Serbia, who had presented with the referral diagnosis of recurring or persistent lip edema, and who were diagnosed with Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome upon detailed evaluation. Three patients had complete triad of symptoms, two had the oligosymptomatic form and one manifested the monosymptomatic form of the disease. Histopathological findings of the oral mucosa specimens verified the presence of non-necrotic epithelioid granulomas in all patients. The patients were treated with the H1 and H2 antihistamines, corticosteroids, followed by anabolic drugs and antibiotics, resulting in transient and unfavorable effects. Conclusion. In differential diagnosis, Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome diagnosis primarily refers to conditions of angioneurotic edema and hereditary angioedema, as well as granulomatous diseases such as sarcoidosis, tuberculosis and Chron’s disease. It is necessary to follow-up these patients in view of monitoring the effects of the therapy and possible development of systemic granulomatous diseases.

  12. Immunoexpression of cleaved caspase-3 shows lower apoptotic area indices in lip carcinomas than in intraoral cancer

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    LEITE, Ana Flávia Schueler de Assumpção; BERNARDO, Vagner Gonçalves; BUEXM, Luisa Aguirre; da FONSECA, Eliene Carvalho; da SILVA, Licínio Esmeraldo; BARROSO, Danielle Resende Camisasca; LOURENÇO, Simone de Queiroz Chaves

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to evaluate apoptosis by assessing cleaved caspase-3 immunoexpression in hyperplastic, potentially malignant disorder (PMD), and malignant tumors in intraoral and lower lip sites. Material and Methods A retrospective study using paraffin blocks with tissues from patients with inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH), actinic cheilitis, oral leukoplakia, lower lip and intraoral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was performed. The tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis with anti-cleaved caspase-3 antibody. Apoptotic area index was then correlated with lesion type. Results From 120 lesions assessed, 55 (46%) were cleaved caspase-3-positive. The SCC samples (n=40) had the highest apoptotic area indices (n=35; 87.5%). Significant differences were detected between SCCs and PMDs (p=0.0003), as well as SCCs and IFHs (p=0.001), regarding caspase-3 immunopositivity. Carcinomas of the lower lip had lower apoptotic area indices than intraoral cancer (p=0.0015). Conclusions Cleaved caspase-3 immunoexpression showed differences in oral SCCs and PMDs and demonstrated a distinct role of apoptosis in carcinogenesis of intraoral and lower lip cancer. In future, the expression of cleaved caspase-3 with other target molecules in oral cancer may be helpful in delineating the prognosis and treatment of these tumors. PMID:27556207

  13. Laser abrasion for cosmetic and medical treatment of facial actinic damage

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    David, L.M.; Lask, G.P.; Glassberg, E.; Jacoby, R.; Abergel, R.P.

    1989-06-01

    Previous studies have shown the carbon dioxide (CO/sub 2/) laser to be effective in the treatment of actinic cheilitis. After CO/sub 2/ laser abrasion, normal skin and marked cosmetic improvement of the lip were noted. In our study, twenty-three patients were treated with CO/sub 2/ laser abrasions for cosmetic improvement of facial lines and actinic changes. Pre- and postoperative histopathologic examinations were made on two patients. Preoperative examination of specimens from actinically damaged skin showed atypical keratinocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis, with overlying dense compact orthokeratosis and parakeratosis. Abundant solar elastosis was seen in the papillary dermis. Postoperative histologic specimens showed a normal-appearing epidermis with fibrosis in the papillary dermis and minimal solar elastosis (about four weeks after laser treatment). At present, various modalities are available for the regeneration of the aged skin, including chemical peels and dermabrasion. Significantly fewer complications were noted with CO/sub 2/ laser abrasion than with these methods. Thus, CO/sub 2/ laser abrasion can be useful in the cosmetic and medical treatment of the aged skin. Marked clinical and histologic improvement has been demonstrated.

  14. Oral Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

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    Atessa Pakfetrat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Oral lesions are among the earliest clinical manifestations of human immunodeficiency (HIV infection and are important in early diagnosis and for monitoring the progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral lesions and their relationship with a number of factors in HIV/AIDS patients attending an HIV center.     Methods: A total of 110 HIV-positive patients were examined to investigate the prevalence of oral lesions according to the criteria established by the European Community Clearing House on Oral Problems Related to HIV Infection. An independent T-test was used for correlation of oral lesions with CD4+ count and a χ2 test was used for analysis of the relationship of co-infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV, sexual contact, route of transmission, history of drug abuse, and history of incarceration.   Results: Most of the cases were male patients (82.7%. The mean age across all participants was 36.2±8.1 years. Rampant carries, severe periodontitis and oral candidiasis were the most notable oral lesions. Oral lesions were more prevalent in patients between 26–35 years of age. There was a significant difference between patients with and without pseudomembranous candidiasis and angular cheilitis according to mean level of CD4+.   Conclusion: The most common oral presentations were severe periodontitis, pseudomembranous candidiasis and xerostomia. 

  15. Glucagonoma without glucagonoma syndrome

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    Čolović Radoje

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Glucagonomas are rare, frequently malignant tumours, arising from the Langerhans' islets of the pancreas. They usually secrete large amounts of glucagon that can cause a characteristic 'glucagonoma syndrome', which includes necrolytic migratory erythema, glucose intolerance or diabetes, weight loss and sometimes, normochromic normocytic anaemia, stomatitis or cheilitis, diarrhoea or other digestive symptoms, thoromboembolism, hepatosplenomegaly, depression or other psychiatric and paraneoplastic symptoms. In certain cases, some or all glucagonoma symptoms may appear late, or even may be completely absent. Case Outline. The authors present a 43-year-old woman in whom an investigation for abdominal pain revealed a tumour of the body of the pancreas. During operation, the tumour of the body of the pancreas extending to the mesentery measuring 85×55×55 mm was excised. Histology and immunohistochemistry showed malignant glucagonoma, with co-expression of somatostatin in about 5% and pancreatic polypeptide in a few tumour cells. The recovery was uneventful. The patient stayed symptom-free with no signs of local recurrence or distant diseases 15 years after surgery. Conclusion. Glucagonoma syndrome may be absent in glucagonoma tumour patients so that in unclear pancreatic tumours the clinician should frequently request the serum hormone level (including glucagon measurement by radioimmunoassay and the pathologist should perform immunohistochemistry investigation. Those two would probably result in discovery of more glucagonomas and other neuroendocrine tumours without characteristic clinical syndromes.

  16. Dental perspective on Sjögren’s syndrome: literature review

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    Jesús Israel Rodríguez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The human releases around 500-600 mL saliva daily, however the values ​​found from 0.1 to 0.2 mL / min of resting saliva a condition called Hyposalivation or hyposialia is presented, which can be expressed by a large number of conditions systemic, including Sjögren's syndrome, which is a chronic autoimmune disease present at between 0.1 and 3% of the world population and is characterized by salivary glands exocrinopathy leading to the glandular hypofunction and thus decreasing the normal salivary flow. Saliva is part of innate immunity, when appearing a decrease in protein secretion, are triggered a numerous oral manifestations, such as dental caries, candidiasis, gingival disease, angular cheilitis, lymphomas of the salivary glands, dysphagia, erythematous and fissured tongue, among others. Currently there is no defined dental treatment, however there are alternative treatments by sialogogues and salivary substitutes, plus non-pharmacological therapies, which seek to maintain the ecology and oral conditions stable, in addition to preventive and restorative dental treatment for injuries already established as a consequence of the disease. The aim of this study is to perform a review of literature on the characteristics, classification, oral manifestations and the dental management of Sjögren’s syndrome.

  17. A Case of Plummer-Vinson Syndrome Showing Rapid Improvement of Dysphagia and Esophageal Web after Two Weeks of Iron Therapy

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    Tomomitsu Tahara

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Plummer-Vinson syndrome (PVS is a rare entity characterized by upper esophageal webs and iron deficiency anemia. We report a case of PVS whose esophageal web was rapidly improved by iron therapy. A 77-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of dysphagia, vomiting, shortness of breath and weight loss for 1 month. Physical examination revealed conjunctival pallor, koilonychia, angular cheilitis and smooth tongue, and laboratory findings were consistent with microcytic hypochromic anemia with iron deficiency. Gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium-swallow esophagography detected a web that prevented passage of the endoscope into the upper portion of the esophagus. The patient received oral iron therapy daily; the hemoglobin concentration rose to 8.9 g/dl and the complaints of dysphagia were dramatically improved after 2 weeks, with improvement of luminal stenosis confirmed by gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium-swallow esophagography. The PVS described in this report had a distinct clinical course, showing very rapid improvement of dysphagia and esophageal web after 2 weeks of oral iron therapy.

  18. A case of plummer-vinson syndrome showing rapid improvement of Dysphagia and esophageal web after two weeks of iron therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahara, Tomomitsu; Shibata, Tomoyuki; Okubo, Masaaki; Yoshioka, Daisuke; Ishizuka, Takamitsu; Sumi, Kazuya; Kawamura, Tomohiko; Nagasaka, Mitsuo; Nakagawa, Yoshihito; Nakamura, Masakatsu; Arisawa, Tomiyasu; Ohmiya, Naoki; Hirata, Ichiro

    2014-05-01

    Plummer-Vinson syndrome (PVS) is a rare entity characterized by upper esophageal webs and iron deficiency anemia. We report a case of PVS whose esophageal web was rapidly improved by iron therapy. A 77-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of dysphagia, vomiting, shortness of breath and weight loss for 1 month. Physical examination revealed conjunctival pallor, koilonychia, angular cheilitis and smooth tongue, and laboratory findings were consistent with microcytic hypochromic anemia with iron deficiency. Gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium-swallow esophagography detected a web that prevented passage of the endoscope into the upper portion of the esophagus. The patient received oral iron therapy daily; the hemoglobin concentration rose to 8.9 g/dl and the complaints of dysphagia were dramatically improved after 2 weeks, with improvement of luminal stenosis confirmed by gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium-swallow esophagography. The PVS described in this report had a distinct clinical course, showing very rapid improvement of dysphagia and esophageal web after 2 weeks of oral iron therapy.

  19. Plummer-Vinson syndrome

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    Novacek Gottfried

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Plummer-Vinson or Paterson-Kelly syndrome presents as a classical triad of dysphagia, iron-deficiency anemia and esophageal webs. Exact data about epidemiology of the syndrome are not available; the syndrome is extremely rare. Most of the patients are white middle-aged women, in the fourth to seventh decade of life but the syndrome has also been described in children and adolescents. The dysphagia is usually painless and intermittent or progressive over years, limited to solids and sometimes associated with weight loss. Symptoms resulting from anemia (weakness, pallor, fatigue, tachycardia may dominate the clinical picture. Additional features are glossitis, angular cheilitis and koilonychia. Enlargement of the spleen and thyroid may also be observed. One of the most important clinical aspects of Plummer-Vinson syndrome is the association with upper alimentary tract cancers. Etiopathogenesis of Plummer-Vinson syndrome is unknown. The most important possible etiological factor is iron deficiency. Other possible factors include malnutrition, genetic predisposition or autoimmune processes. Plummer-Vinson syndrome can be treated effectively with iron supplementation and mechanical dilation. In case of significant obstruction of the esophageal lumen by esophageal web and persistent dysphagia despite iron supplementation, rupture and dilation of the web are necessary. Since Plummer-Vinson syndrome is associated with an increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the pharynx and the esophagus, the patients should be followed closely.

  20. Acute mucocutaneous and systemic adverse effects of Etretinate

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    "Mortazavi H

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This cross sectional study was carried out between 1993 to 1998 at Razi Skin Hospital, the affiliated Dermatology Department of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Eight hundred patients receiving etretinate for various skin diseases took part in this study. Among them, 457 patients with first admission to dermatologic clinic who had at least four regular sequential visits and responding to our questionnaire were selected to enter the study for evaluating acute toxicity of etretinate. Cheilitis with a frequency of 88 percent was the most frequent side effect. Hair loss (22.97%, dry mouth with thirst (15.09%, dryness of mucous membranes (13.12%, xerosis with pruritus (11.15%, nose bleeding (8.31%, paronychia (5.47%, facial dermatitis (3.06%, conjunctivitis (2.84% and in addition to mucocutaneous ones, chills (2.63%, headache (2.19%, mental depression (2.19%, urinary frequency (1.53% and papilledema (0.44% were among the other observed toxicities, The relationship between mucocutaneous side effect with dosage of etretinate, sex and, age of the patients was evaluated. The association between mucoctaneous toxicities and sex was significant, sex and, age of the patients was evaluated. The association between mucocutaneous toxicities and sex was significant (P<0.05. We observed four rare side effect in the patients including hair color lightening appering as whitening or blondness, hair waving, dyspareunia and gynecomastia. In conclusion, females were more to acute mucocutaneous toxicities of etretinate.

  1. Lipoid proteinosis (Urbach-Wiethe disease: A case report

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    Munise Daye

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Lipoid proteinosis, which is known as “Urbach-Wiethe disease”, was first described in 1929 as “lipoidosis cutis et mucosae” by Urbach and Wiethe. It is a rare autosomal recessive inherited genodermatosis. There are PAS-positive hyaline material deposits in the skin, mucosa and visceral organs. A 23-year-old man, who was suffering from swelling of the lower lip and a fissure on the inner side of the lip, presented to our outpatient clinic. On dermatological examination, there were lower lip edema and infiltration, as well as macroglossia. There were bilateral yellowish papules along his eyelashes. For his ocular findings; it was learned that he had been treated for trichiasis at his childhood. There were multiple atrophic scars on his face, elbows, axilla, knees, and the skin overlying his spinous processes. He had no hoarseness. There was no consanguinity between his mother and father. Physical examination was normal. Three punch biopsies were carried out from his tongue, lips and elbow with the preliminary diagnoses of lipoid proteinosis, Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, focal epithelial hyperplasia, amyloidosis, granulomatous cheilitis, atrofoderma, and anetoderma. Deposition of hyaline PAS-positive materials was observed on his histopathological examination. According to the clinical and histopathological findings, the patient was diagnosed as having lipoid proteinosis. Otorhinolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, dermatologists, and neurologists should keep this rare condition in mind in the differential diagnosis.

  2. Reacciones adversas ocasionadas por los biomateriales usados en prostodoncia Adverse reactions caused by biomaterials used in prosthodontics

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    D.P. Restrepo Ospina

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available La incidencia de reacciones adversas a los productos dentales es difícil de estimar. Los odontólogos usan productos potencialmente alérgicos e irritantes durante sus procedimientos dentales. Estos materiales incluyen antisépticos, anestésicos locales, radiación ultravioleta, guantes de látex, dique de goma, enjuagues y otros productos empleados en la higiene bucal. Adicionalmente, los materiales empleados durante los procedimientos restauradores como metales, materiales de impresión, cementos, acrílicos y adhesivos también pueden producir efectos indeseables en los tejidos de los pacientes. La presentación de complicaciones orales producidas por estos materiales pueden incluir estomatitis, reacciones liquenoides, quemaduras bucales, queilitis, inflamación labial y facial, sintomatología general y anafilaxis.The incidence of adverse reactions to dental products is difficult to estimate. Dentists use many potential allergens and irritants in the course of their work. These materials include antiseptics, local anaesthetics, ultraviolet radiation, latex gloves, rubber dams, mouthwashes and other dental hygiene materials. Besides, the materials used during the restorative procedures as metals, impression materials, cements, acrylics, and adhesives can also produce undesirable effects in the tissues of patients. The presentation of oral complaints can include stomatitis, lichenoid reactions, burning in the mouth, cheilitis and lip swelling, facial swelling, general symptoms and anaphylaxis.

  3. The new therapy schema of the various kinds of acne based on the mucosa-skin side effects of the retinoids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergler-Czop, Beata; Brzezińska-Wcisło, Ligia

    2012-09-01

    The most common adverse effects of oral isotretinoin (>1/10) are: cheilitis, skin dryness, erythema, itching, scaling, bruising, skin atopy, conjunctivitis, dry eyes and eyelid inflammation. The aim of this work was to define an optimal dose regime of the oral isotretinoin allowing for effective reduction of sebum production and minimalization of adverse effects such as decreased skin moisturization, increase in TEWL and intensified erythema. The skin parameters were assessed using the MPA 5 diagnostic apparatus. Moisturization together with an increase in TEWL and erythema during treatment with isotretinoin seem to be crucial factors responsible for patient discomfort. The decrease in the pigment content in the skin during retinoid treatment is a favourable symptom, due to the frequent tendency of skin pigmentation disturbances in the sites after acne changes. On the basis of performed analyses it was concluded that the new therapy schema is the most advantageous form of isotretinoin dosing and it involves the use of a constant drug dose - 0.4-1.0 mg/kg body mass/day without modification during treatment.

  4. [Health lips beautiful smile: Conditions to know].

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    Czerninski, R

    2016-04-01

    Diagnosis and management of lip pathologies should be part of the dentists' responsibilities. Lip pathologies might affect patient's function, appearance and quality of life. The routine clinical examination of the oral cavity includes lip examination--changes in lip color, size or texture should be recognized during the examination, as well as noticing any habit such as lip licking or mouth breathing.The aim of the review is to present common external lip lesions. Color changes--oral melanotic macule is a localized benign pigmented lesion. It might be similar to early melanoma therefore if it is a new lesion, growing or large it should be excised. White and red changes are usually seen at the lower lip which is exposed to the sun light mainly among light skin individuals. The color changes are showing epithelial and subepithlial permanent changes and is called Solar cheilitis. As a potentially malignant disorder the patient should be carefully examined and under follow- ups. These patients are also advised to reduce sun exposure and use sun screen lipsticks. Lichen planus of the lip can be seen as red and white changes the lips are less prevalent site of the disease and usually the patients will have in intra oral involvement as well. Size changes--angioedema is a quick enlargement of the lip sometimes the face as well. It is an allergic reaction to food drugs and other antigens and resolves spontaneously with 72 hours, but when the upper airway is involved an immediate emergency treatment should be given. A chronic swelling of the lip/lips may be a sign of orofacial granulomatosis--a complicated condition with an unknown etiology, diagnosed by a biopsy and elimination of other diagnoses. Treatment includes steroids in various forms or a combination of surgery. Changes of the epithelial surface of the lip can be a result of dry lips in a hot or dry environment or due to mouth breathing. Lip licking might worsen the situation by secondary infection. Angular

  5. Contemporary methods and mobile denture cleansers and theirs significance for older population

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    Strajnić Ljiljana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. A dramatic increase in the number of people living in their seventies, eighties and nineties is associated with a loss of teeth and the use of mobile dentures. The aim of this paper was to highlight the consequences of poor denture hygiene on oral and general health in vulnerable elderly people, in long-term hospitalized elderly patients and in long-term institutionalized elderly in nursing homes. Denture deposits and consequences of poor denture hygiene. The number of bacteria living in the mouth is getting larger after putting denture on. Namely, a small ”space” develops between jaw and denture, creating perfect conditions for bacterial growth. Denture becomes a ”reservoir” of micro-organisms. Denture deposits such as bacterial plaque, fungi, tartar and remnants could be responsible for: stomatitis prothetica, cheilitis angularis, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, halitosis (bad breath, dental caries in mobile denture carriers, mucositis and periimplantitis in mobile implant over-dentures carriers, accelerated destruction of denture materials for underlying, such as denture base soft liners, respiratory airways diseases, bacterial endocarditis and gastrointestinal infections. Removal of denture deposits. It is recommendable to combine mechanical and chemical denture cleaning. Denture submersion into a commercial cleansing solution for less than one hour is an effective cleaning method. Commercial cleansers specifically intended for dentures with metal parts should be used for those dentures. Commercial cleansers with a new component of silicon polymer, whose thin layer surrounds all denture surfaces and disables oral bacteria to agglomerate, are effective and useful. Preventive hygienic treatments are very important in hospitals and homes for the aged, bearing in mind that old and ill persons reside here. Those institutions are recommended to get equipped with ultrasound denture cleaners. Importance of written brochure on

  6. Standard guidelines for the use of dermal fillers

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    Vedamurthy Maya

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Currently used fillers vary greatly in their sources, efficacy duration and site of deposition; detailed knowledge of these properties is essential for administering them. Indications for fillers include facial lines (wrinkles, folds, lip enhancement, facial deformities, depressed scars, periocular melanoses, sunken eyes, dermatological diseases-angular cheilitis, scleroderma, AIDS lipoatrophy, earlobe plumping, earring ptosis, hand, neck, dιcolletι rejuvenation. Physicians′ qualifications : Any qualified dermatologist may use fillers after receiving adequate training in the field. This may be obtained either during postgraduation or at any workshop dedicated to the subject of fillers. The physicians should have a thorough knowledge of the anatomy of the area designated to receive an injection of fillers and the aesthetic principles involved. They should also have a thorough knowledge of the chemical nature of the material of the filler, its longevity, injection techniques, and any possible side effects. Facility: Fillers can be administered in the dermatologist′s minor procedure room. Preoperative counseling and informed consent: Detailed counseling with respect to the treatment, desired effects, and longevity of the filler should be discussed with the patient. Patients should be given brochures to study and adequate opportunity to seek information. Detailed consent forms need to be completed by the patients. A consent form should include the type of filler, longevity expected and possible postoperative complications. Preoperative photography should be carried out. Choice of the filler depends on the site, type of defect, results needed, and the physician′s experience. Injection technique and volume depend on the filler and the physician′s preference, as outlined in these guidelines.

  7. The Recurrence and Cosmetic Results After Topical Photodynamic Therapy

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    Alican Kazandı

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: Photodynamic therapy (FDT is a photochemotherapy modality which is used frequently and effectively in the treatment of actinic keratosis, Bowen disease and basal cell carcinomas. This study was performed to determine cure rates, cosmetic outcome and recurrence rates after aminolevulinic acid (ALA-based photodynamic therapy for skin lesions showing complete response to treatment procedure. Material and Method: Sixty-eight patients (27 females and 41 males with 78 lesions were included in the study. Among them, 25 were actinic keratosis (AK, 8 were actinic cheilitis (AC, 30 were basal cell carcinomas (BCC, 3 were Bowen disease, 10 were intraepidermal epithelioma (IEE, one lesion was parapsoriasis and one lesion was verruca plantaris. Six to 8 hours after topical administration of ALA (20%, the lesions were exposed to light from a broad-band light source. Skin biopsy specimens were obtained from 74 lesions for histopathological control. Results: At the end of the second month of treatment, fifty-six (72% of seventy-eight lesions showed complete clinical response, whereas fourty-seven of 74 lesions (63.5% exhibited complete histopathological clearance. A total of 9 recurrences (16% was observed during a median follow-up of 36 months. Recurrence rates were 3 (14% in AK, 1 (17% in AC, 1 (8% in superficial BCC, 3 (75% nodular BCC and 1 (12.5% in IEE. Cosmetic outcome was excellent and good in 42 lesions (89%, fair in 3 lesions (6% and poor in 2 lesions (5%. Conclusion: Topical photodynamic therapy is a noninvasive, effective and cosmetic modality of treatment in the selected skin lesions, as an alternative to the conventional procedures.

  8. Retinoids, methotrexate and cyclosporine.

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    Dubertret, Louis

    2009-01-01

    Acitretin alone is efficient (PASI 90: 40%). In responders, it is the best long-term maintenance treatment (up to 29 years of continuous treatment). The main side effect is its teratogenicity in females. It is necessary to begin retinoid treatment at low doses (10 mg/day), increasing the dose step by step, looking for the maximum well-tolerated dose (usually defined as a mild cheilitis). Doses higher than the highest well-tolerated dose are frequently responsible for the Kobner phenomenon. In children, retinoids are very efficient and nearly always well tolerated, but it seems important to never give more than 0.5 mg/kg/day. Methotrexate is the best treatment for severe psoriasis. Given at low doses once a week, it is a safe, cheap, convenient and efficient treatment, if carefully monitored. The main problem is the possible long-term liver toxicity of methotrexate. The risk is very low in patients not at risk (no liver disease). In these cases, liver biopsies are dangerous and useless. In the other cases, the need for liver biopsy is very rare, decided only by the hepatologist, and should be replaced by FibroTest and FibroScan. The old American guidelines should not be followed, and new guidelines are needed. Cyclosporine at low doses is an outstanding emergency treatment. It was first used as the last possible systemic treatment, but long-term continuous treatments are seldom possible due to alterations in kidney functions. A careful follow-up of kidney functions, with measurement of the glomerular filtration rate after each year of cumulative treatment, is necessary. The cyclosporine dose must be calculated according to the theoretical body weight in obese patients to avoid overdosage. Cyclosporine is mainly used now as a short-term treatment that is very efficient for young people, who find this illness particularly difficult. Cyclosporine is not contraindicated during pregnancy. PMID:19710551

  9. Receptor-selective retinoids for psoriasis: focus on tazarotene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weindl, Günther; Roeder, Alexander; Schäfer-Korting, Monika; Schaller, Martin; Korting, Hans Christian

    2006-01-01

    Topical and oral retinoids have been successfully used in antipsoriatic therapy over the last 50 years. Development of more selective agents has led to an improved efficacy and safety profile. The first topical receptor-selective retinoid to be approved for the treatment of plaque psoriasis is tazarotene. Topical tazarotene displays an onset of action and efficacy similar to those of other established antipsoriatic agents. Common adverse events of this agent such as pruritus, burning, local skin irritation, and erythema are limited to the skin and generally mild or moderate in severity. Although effective as monotherapy, evidence is accumulating that combining topical tazarotene with other established antipsoriatic therapies results in enhanced efficacy and reduced adverse events. In particular, concomitant use of topical tazarotene with a mid-potency or high-potency corticosteroid in the treatment of psoriatic plaques enhances efficacy and reduces the risk of corticosteroid-induced skin atrophy. Combination of phototherapy with tazarotene accelerates the clinical response and diminishes the cumulative UVB or psoralen plus UVA (PUVA) exposure load. Recently, an oral form of tazarotene has been developed. The results of completed phase III clinical trials of this agent indicate a beneficial effect in moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Adverse events are generally of mild severity, and most of those observed, such as cheilitis and dry skin, are typical of hypervitaminosis A. Of note, oral tazarotene appears not to be associated with other adverse events that are typical of oral retinoids, including hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia. However, since head-to-head trials with acitretin (the only retinoid currently approved for systemic therapy) have not been conducted, it is unclear whether tazarotene is any safer or more effective than acitretin. Moreover, the major drawback of oral tazarotene is teratogenicity, which may limit its use in female patients

  10. 高原野外驻训官兵口腔卫生状况动态调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷涛; 郑加军; 李瑛; 王婷婷; 谢良宪

    2015-01-01

    动态调查驻渝官兵在高原野外驻训条件下口腔健康状况,为高原野外驻训官兵口腔疾病防治提供依据和指导。参照全军口腔健康调查方案和第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查的检查标准,对驻渝某部876名官兵在高原驻训前、高原驻训1、2个月的口腔常见疾病的发病率进行临床检查。龋病发病率在不同时间段无统计学差异(>0.05),智齿冠周炎、牙龈牙周疾病、唇炎、口腔颌面部外伤的发病率较驻训前明显升高( 0.05); the incidences of pericoronitis of wisdom tooth, gingival periodontal disease, cheilitis, oral and maxillofacial trauma were significantly higher than those before the training < 0.05) and increased continuously with the training time. The incidence of oral disease of the officers and soldiers stationed and trained in high altitude field is significantly higher than that in plain area and increase continuously with the training time prolongation. Education on oral health should be enhanced among the officers and soldiers stationed and trained in high altitude field in order to improve the oral health and reduce the incidence of oral diseases.

  11. Características morfofuncionais do trânsito orofaríngeo na bulimia: revisão de literatura Morphofunctional characteristics of the oropharyngeal tract in bulimia: review of literature

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    Catarina Matos Brito Santos

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available TEMA: deglutição e bulimia. OBJETIVO: apresentar e discutir os achados científicos descritos na literatura quanto às características orofaríngeas relacionadas à deglutição em portadores de bulimia nervosa do tipo purgativa. CONCLUSÃO: a bulimia nervosa acarreta uma série de alterações em estruturas e funções que compõem o trânsito orofaríngeo, como erosão dentária, hipersensibilidade, enfraquecimento e fratura dos dentes, problemas de oclusão, cáries, doenças periodontais, dessensibilização intra-oral, hipogeusia, úlceras, granulomas, queilite angular, hipertrofia das glândulas parótidas, tosse e odinofagia. Existe um predomínio na literatura científica de relatos sobre alterações morfológicas em detrimento das funcionais. Poucos relatos abordaram diretamente a relação entre a bulimia e deglutição, apenas mencionando superficialmente as possibilidades de desencadeamento da disfagia orofaríngea.BACKGROUND: deglutition and bulimia. PURPOSE: to submit and discuss the scientific research concerning oropharyngeal characteristics related to deglutition in patients with purging type bulimia nervosa. CONCLUSIONS: bulimia nervosa entails a series of changes in structures and functions that compose the oropharyngeal tract, such as dental erosion, hypersensitivity, weakness and fracture of the teeth, occlusion problems, caries, periodontal diseases, intraoral desensitization, hypogeusia, ulceration, granulomas, angular cheilitis, enlargement of the parotid glands, coughs and odynophagia. There is a prevalence in the scientific literature of reports about morphologic alterations on the detriment of the functional ones. Few reports discussed the relationship between bulimia and deglutition, superficially mentioning the possibilities for triggering oropharyngeal dysphagia.

  12. Safety and efficacy of low-dose isotretinoin in the treatment of moderate to severe acne vulgaris

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    Parinitha K Rao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Isotretinoin is indicated for moderate to severe cases of acne which are unresponsive to conventional therapy. The classical recommended dose is 0.5 to 1.0 mg/kg/day. As the side effects are dose related, low-dose isotretinoin therapy for acne is an attractive option; however, but little data exists on the safety and efficacy of this strategy. Materials and Methods: In this prospective, non-comparative study, 50 participants, both male and female, having moderate to severe acne vulgaris were enrolled and treated with isotretinoin at a dose of 20 mg/day (approximately 0.3-0.4 mg/kg/day, for a period of 3 months. Participants were evaluated by means of clinical and laboratory investigations before starting isotretinoin. Investigations were repeated at the end of the first and third months following completion of treatment, and participants were followed up for 6 months to look for any relapse. Results: At the end of the treatment, very good results were observed in 90% of participants. Cheilitis was the most common among the side effects observed and was seen in 98% of the participants. One participant developed vitiligo as a side effect, which is a new finding, and has not reported in literature before. Elevated serum lipid levels were observed in 6% of the participants, and relapse occurred in 4% of the participants over a 6 month follow up period. Conclusion: Three months of treatment with low-dose isotretinoin (20 mg/day was found to be effective in the treatment of moderate to severe acne vulgaris, with a low incidence of serious side effects. This dose also was more economical than the higher doses.

  13. Evaluation of Oral Health in Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients

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    Rathy Ravindran

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Oral cav ity re flects the general health status of a person and diagnosing and treating oral manifestations of systemic disease pose a greater challenge. Even though there is strong evidence that supports the relationship between oral health and diabetes mellitus, oral health awareness is lacking among diabetic patients and health professionals. The present study was undertaken to determine the oral health status in type II diabetic patients and also to compare the oral changes in controlled diabetes and u ncontrolled diabetes. Materials and methods: Study population consists of 60 diabetic patients w hich is divided into 30 controlled and 30 uncontrolled diabetics; 60 healthy subjects. Each of these diabetic groups were again subdivided according to their duration as patients having a disease duration below 10 years 15 and patients having a disease duration above 10 years. 15 Various oral manifestations were examined and also CPI score and loss of attachment were recorded. Statistical analysis was done. Results: The most frequent oral signs and symptoms obser ved in both controlled and uncontrolled diabetic patients was perio­ dontitis followed by hyposalivation, taste dysfunction, halitosis, fissured tongue, burning mouth, angular cheilitis, ulcer and lichen planus. These oral manifestation showed an increase in distribution in diabetic patients when compared to nondia betic. Community periodo ntal index (CPI scores for assess ing periodontal status showed higher scores in diabetics than nondiabetics and also in uncontrolled diabetes than controlled diabetes. For periodontal s tatus assessment based on disease duration, patient with higher disease duration showed higher CPI scores than those with a lesser disease duration. Assess ment of loss of attachment in our study showed higher values in diabetic patients compared to healthy controls. Conclusion: From our present study, it was clear that oral manifestations in uncontrolled

  14. Oral pathology in inflammatory bowel disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhvić-Urek, Miranda; Tomac-Stojmenović, Marija; Mijandrušić-Sinčić, Brankica

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) - Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) - has been increasing on a global scale, and progressively, more gastroenterologists will be included in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD. Although IBD primarily affects the intestinal tract, extraintestinal manifestations of the disease are often apparent, including in the oral cavity, especially in CD. Specific oral manifestations in patients with CD are as follows: indurate mucosal tags, cobblestoning and mucogingivitis, deep linear ulcerations and lip swelling with vertical fissures. The most common non-specific manifestations, such as aphthous stomatitis and angular cheilitis, occur in both diseases, while pyostomatitis vegetans is more pronounced in patients with UC. Non-specific lesions in the oral cavity can also be the result of malnutrition and drugs. Malnutrition, followed by anemia and mineral and vitamin deficiency, affects the oral cavity and teeth. Furthermore, all of the drug classes that are applied to the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases can lead to alterations in the oral cavity due to the direct toxic effects of the drugs on oral tissues, as well as indirect immunosuppressive effects with a risk of developing opportunistic infections or bone marrow suppression. There is a higher occurrence of malignant diseases in patients with IBD, which is related to the disease itself and to the IBD-related therapy with a possible oral pathology. Treatment of oral lesions includes treatment of the alterations in the oral cavity according to the etiology together with treatment of the primary intestinal disease, which requires adequate knowledge and a strong cooperation between gastroenterologists and specialists in oral medicine. PMID:27433081

  15. Oral pathology in inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhvić-Urek, Miranda; Tomac-Stojmenović, Marija; Mijandrušić-Sinčić, Brankica

    2016-07-01

    The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) - Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) - has been increasing on a global scale, and progressively, more gastroenterologists will be included in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD. Although IBD primarily affects the intestinal tract, extraintestinal manifestations of the disease are often apparent, including in the oral cavity, especially in CD. Specific oral manifestations in patients with CD are as follows: indurate mucosal tags, cobblestoning and mucogingivitis, deep linear ulcerations and lip swelling with vertical fissures. The most common non-specific manifestations, such as aphthous stomatitis and angular cheilitis, occur in both diseases, while pyostomatitis vegetans is more pronounced in patients with UC. Non-specific lesions in the oral cavity can also be the result of malnutrition and drugs. Malnutrition, followed by anemia and mineral and vitamin deficiency, affects the oral cavity and teeth. Furthermore, all of the drug classes that are applied to the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases can lead to alterations in the oral cavity due to the direct toxic effects of the drugs on oral tissues, as well as indirect immunosuppressive effects with a risk of developing opportunistic infections or bone marrow suppression. There is a higher occurrence of malignant diseases in patients with IBD, which is related to the disease itself and to the IBD-related therapy with a possible oral pathology. Treatment of oral lesions includes treatment of the alterations in the oral cavity according to the etiology together with treatment of the primary intestinal disease, which requires adequate knowledge and a strong cooperation between gastroenterologists and specialists in oral medicine. PMID:27433081

  16. Unmet diagnostic needs in contact oral mucosal allergies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minciullo, Paola Lucia; Paolino, Giovanni; Vacca, Maddalena; Gangemi, Sebastiano; Nettis, Eustachio

    2016-01-01

    The oral mucosa including the lips is constantly exposed to several noxious stimuli, irritants and allergens. However, oral contact pathologies are not frequently seen because of the relative resistance of the oral mucosa to irritant agents and allergens due to anatomical and physiological factors. The spectrum of signs and symptoms of oral contact allergies (OCA) is broad and a large number of condition can be the clinical expression of OCA such as allergic contact stomatitis, allergic contact cheilitis, geographic tongue, oral lichenoid reactions, burning mouth syndrome. The main etiological factors causing OCA are dental materials, food and oral hygiene products, as they contain flavouring agents and preservatives. The personal medical history of the patient is helpful to perform a diagnosis, as a positive history for recent dental procedures. Sometimes histology is mandatory. When it cannot identify a direct cause of a substance, in both acute and chronic OCA, patch tests can play a pivotal role in the diagnosis. However, patch tests might have several pitfalls. Indeed, the presence of metal ions as haptens and specifically the differences in their concentrations in oral mucosa and in standard preparation for patch testing and in the differences in pH of the medium might result in either false positive/negative reactions or non-specific irritative reactions. Another limitation of patch test results is the difficulty to assess the clinical relevance of haptens contained in dental materials and only the removal of dental materials or the avoidance of other contactant and consequent improvement of the disease may demonstrate the haptens' responsibility. In conclusion, the wide spectrum of clinical presentations, the broad range of materials and allergens which can cause it, the difficult interpretation of patch-test results, the clinical relevance assessment of haptens found positive at patch test are the main factors that make sometimes difficult the diagnosis

  17. A relationship between CD4 count and oral manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy in urban population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satyakiran, Gadavalli Vera Venkata; Bavle, Radhika Manoj; Alexander, Glory; Rao, Saritha; Venugopal, Reshma; Hosthor, Sreelatha S

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection gradually destroys the body's immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections. HIV infection causes a quantitative and qualitative depletion of CD4 lymphocyte count, which increases the risk of opportunistic infections. Thus, CD4 count is one of the key factors in determining both the urgency of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation and the need of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and variations in the oral manifestations of HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients on HAART therapy in urban population and their association with CD4 count. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted by screening eighty patients who were HIV positive in an urban location. Both adult and pediatric patients were screened for oral manifestations and simultaneously CD4 count was also evaluated. Patients with HIV infection for variable time period who are under HAART were considered. Statistical Analysis: Measures of central tendency were used to analyse the data. Results: HIV infection destroys the immune system of an individual, making the patient susceptible to various infections and malignancies. With the advent of antiretroviral therapy, the scenario has changed drastically. We have observed that patients with CD4 counts between 164 and 1286 show relatively few oral manifestations. Long-term HAART therapy causes pigmentation, xerostomia and angular cheilitis but is taken up quite well by the patients. Conclusion: In this study, eighty patients with HAART from urban population showed very minimal oral findings because of good accessibility for treatment and awareness about HIV infections. The patients who were on long-standing HAART treatment also showed minimal oral manifestation such as pigmentation and xerostomia. Hence, we conclude that recognition, significance and treatment of these lesions in patients with HIV

  18. Clinical efficacy of Avi A on serious type of psoriasis%阿维A治疗严重类型银屑病临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈艳丽

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察阿维 A 治疗严重类型银屑病的临床疗效。方法选取2012年9月至2014年9月82例严重类型银屑病患者,包括22例寻常斑块型,20例红皮病型,19例泛发性脓疱型及21例关节病型,分别将其标记为 A、B、C、D 四组,观察并记录阿维 A 对这四组患者的治疗效果。结果 A 组治疗的总有效率为90.91%,B 组为85.00%,C 组为100.00%,D 组仅为52.38%;不良反应症状包括口干、唇炎、皮肤干燥、瘙痒以及脱发等,但经对症治疗,不良反应症状均消失。结论阿维 A 治疗严重类型银屑病临床疗效显著,值得推广与应用。%Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Avi A on severe type of psoriasis. Methods Selected 82 cases of severe types of psoriasis patients from September 2012 to September 2014,including 22 cases of unusual plaque,20 cases of erythrodermic,19 cases pustular and 21 cases of type joints disease,respectively marked as A,B,C,D group. Observed and recorded the clinical effica-cy. Results The total effective rate of group A was 90. 91% ,and 85. 00% in group B,100. 00% in group C,and 52. 38% in group D. The adverse symptoms included dry mouth,cheilitis,dry skin,itch-ing and hair loss,but after symptomatic treatment,the adverse symptoms disappeared. Conclusions The clinical effect of Avi A on severe psoriasis is significant,and is worthy of promotion and application.

  19. Study on skin toxicity and antibacterial activity in vitro of Zibing Cream%紫冰霜皮肤毒性实验及体外抑菌活性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨浩; 姚鸿萍; 董亚琳; 马瑛

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察紫冰霜对动物皮肤的毒性作用及体外抑菌作用。方法采用健康家兔进行皮肤急性毒性实验和皮肤刺激性实验;采用豚鼠进行皮肤致敏性实验;采用纸片法进行体外抑菌实验。结果紫冰霜对家兔完整皮肤和破损皮肤无急性毒性和刺激性;对豚鼠完整皮肤无致敏作用;对金黄色葡萄球菌、溶血性链球菌、大肠杆菌、铜绿假单胞菌、白色假丝酵母菌具有体外抑菌作用。结论紫冰霜对上述致病菌有一定的抑菌作用,并在治疗过程中具有较好的安全性。%Objective To observe the toxicity and antibacterial activity in vitro of Zibing Cream on animal skin .Methods The acute toxicity and irritation experiments of skin were studied on healthy rabbits .The hypersensitivity experiment of skin was performed on guinea pigs .The test of antibacterial activity in vitro was performed with paper disk method .Results Zibing Cream had no a-cute toxicity and irritation on the intact skin and damaged skin of rabbit ,and had no hypersensitive effects on the intact skin of guinea pig .Zibing Cream can inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus ,Streptococcus hemolyticus ,Escherichia coli ,Pseudo-monas aeruginosa and Blastomyces albicans in vitro .Conclusion Zibing Cream was safe in the treatments of sebum eczema ,local scleroderma ,exfoliative cheilitis ,senile dry skin ,chapped hand and foot ,the first or second-degree burn ,scald ,wound infec-tions ,bed sores and other skin diseases .

  20. Functioning glucagonoma associated with primary hyperparathyroidism: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 or incidental association?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdas Enrico

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Diagnosis of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1 is commonly based on clinical criteria, and confirmed by genetic testing. In patients without known MEN1-related germline mutations, the possibility of a casual association between two or more endocrine tumors cannot be excluded and subsequent management may be difficult to plan. We describe a very uncommon case of functioning glucagonoma associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT in which genetic testing failed to detect germline mutations of MEN-1 and other known genes responsible for MEN1. Case presentation The patient, a 65-year old woman, had been suffering for more than 1 year from weakness, progressive weight loss, angular cheilitis, glossitis and, more recently, skin rashes on the perineum, perioral skin and groin folds. After multidisciplinary investigations, functioning glucagonoma and asymptomatic pHPT were diagnosed and, since family history was negative, sporadic MEN1 was suspected. However, genetic testing revealed neither MEN-1 nor other gene mutations responsible for rarer cases of MEN1 (CDKN1B/p27 and other cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes CDKN1A/p15, CDKN2C/p18, CDKN2B/p21. The patient underwent distal splenopancreatectomy and at the 4-month follow-up she showed complete remission of symptoms. Six months later, a thyroid nodule, suspected to be a malignant neoplasia, and two hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands were detected respectively by ultrasound with fine needle aspiration cytology and 99mTc-sestamibi scan with SPECT acquisition. Total thyroidectomy was performed, whereas selective parathyroidectomy was preferred to a more extensive procedure because the diagnosis of MEN1 was not supported by genetic analysis and intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone had revealed “adenoma-like” kinetics after the second parathyroid resection. Thirty-nine and 25 months after respectively the first and the second operation, the patient is well

  1. Functioning glucagonoma associated with primary hyperparathyroidism: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 or incidental association?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diagnosis of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is commonly based on clinical criteria, and confirmed by genetic testing. In patients without known MEN1-related germline mutations, the possibility of a casual association between two or more endocrine tumors cannot be excluded and subsequent management may be difficult to plan. We describe a very uncommon case of functioning glucagonoma associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) in which genetic testing failed to detect germline mutations of MEN-1 and other known genes responsible for MEN1. The patient, a 65-year old woman, had been suffering for more than 1 year from weakness, progressive weight loss, angular cheilitis, glossitis and, more recently, skin rashes on the perineum, perioral skin and groin folds. After multidisciplinary investigations, functioning glucagonoma and asymptomatic pHPT were diagnosed and, since family history was negative, sporadic MEN1 was suspected. However, genetic testing revealed neither MEN-1 nor other gene mutations responsible for rarer cases of MEN1 (CDKN1B/p27 and other cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes CDKN1A/p15, CDKN2C/p18, CDKN2B/p21). The patient underwent distal splenopancreatectomy and at the 4-month follow-up she showed complete remission of symptoms. Six months later, a thyroid nodule, suspected to be a malignant neoplasia, and two hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands were detected respectively by ultrasound with fine needle aspiration cytology and 99mTc-sestamibi scan with SPECT acquisition. Total thyroidectomy was performed, whereas selective parathyroidectomy was preferred to a more extensive procedure because the diagnosis of MEN1 was not supported by genetic analysis and intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone had revealed “adenoma-like” kinetics after the second parathyroid resection. Thirty-nine and 25 months after respectively the first and the second operation, the patient is well and shows no signs or symptoms of recurrence. Despite

  2. 改良式印模法促进下颌全口义齿固位的临床探讨%Clinical application of the modified impression method for the lower complete denture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周黎; 任冬锋; 孟翔峰; 骆小平; 阿部二郎

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨下颌全口义齿改良式印模法的临床应用.方法:5例下颌牙槽嵴低平的无牙颌患者,口角炎反复发作,其旧义齿牙列磨损严重,戴用时稳定性差.本文根据日本学者阿部二郎提出的下颌吸附性义齿理论与临床操作新要求,来介绍改良印模法制作下颌全口义齿的过程.结果:下颌全口义齿可通过改良式印模法实现义齿边缘的完整封闭,增加义齿固位,提高患者咀嚼效率与生活质量.患者评价较满意.结论:改良印模法应用于下颌牙槽嵴低平无牙颌患者,可明显增加义齿固位力.%Objective: To probe into the clinical application of the modified impression method for the lower complete denture. Method: Five patients suffered from angular cheilitis with severely atrophic mandibular alveolar ridge, whose old denture teeth were worn severely, and bad stability in the mouth. According to the lower suction denture theory and new clinical requirement by Dr. Abe Jiro from Japan, the process of the modified impression method for the lower complete denture was introduced in this study. Result: The lower denture achieved a complete sealing of denture border by the modified impression method, so that it could improve masticatory efficiency and quality of patients' life. The patient were all satisfied. Conclusion: The lower complete denture retention was improved by applying the modified impression method on the patient with severely atrophic mandibular alveolar ridge.

  3. Dermatologic signs in patients with eating disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strumia, Renata

    2005-01-01

    administered as monotherapy or in combinations. Combination antibacterials, such as erythromycin with zinc, are also recommended because of the possibility of zinc deficiency in patients with eating disorders. The antiandrogen cyproterone acetate combined with 35 microg ethinyl estradiol may improve acne in women with AN and should be given for 2-4 months. Cheilitis, angular stomatitis, and nail fragility appear to respond to topical tocopherol (vitamin E). Russell's sign may decrease in size following applications of ointments that contain urea. Regular dental treatment is required to avoid tooth loss. PMID:15943493

  4. Corrección de "labio ondulado" en el síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal Upper lip "ruffle deformity" correction in Melkerson- Rosenthal's syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Gutiérrez Gómez

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El Síndrome de Melkersson-Rosenthal es una entidad rara caracterizada por edema granulomatoso orofacial, episodios de parálisis facial y lengua plegada. La presentación monosintomática de labios se denomina queilitis granulomatosa de Miescher. Clásicamente se ha tratado con múltiples medicamentos con respuesta parcial o insatisfactoria, por lo que el tratamiento ideal es el quirúrgico, que obtiene resultados permanentes y permite al paciente relaciones interpersonales satisfactorias. Sin embargo la corrección propuesta por los diferentes autores disminuye el grosor del labio a expensas de dejar un estigma de deformidad de labio "ondulado" ya que no se acorta el labio en sentido transverso y únicamente se adelgaza. El presente artículo describe el tratamiento propuesto para corregir esta deformidad mediante la resección en bloque del tercio medio del labio superior. Además hace referencia a la afectación del cuello en el caso que presentamos, no descrita en la bibliografía actual al respecto, que daba al paciente un aspecto de cuello de "iguana", y que fue corregida mediante resección en huso y liposucción.Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome is a rare entity characterized by granulomatous orofacial swelling, recurrent facial palsy and lingua plicata. It's monosyntomatic form affecting only lips is known as Miescher granulomatous cheilitis. Many conservative treatments have been proposed to resolve the swelling; however many times they present recurrence or fail to respond. The surgical correction permit permanent improvement and better appearance. The surgical posterior reduction cheiloplastry removing mucosa and submucosa all along the lip proposed by several authors, gives the lips an stigma of the " ruffle" aspect; this is because there is no shortening of the total length of the previously enlarged lip because of the granulomatous swelling. We report the correction of this deformity by total thickness resection of the middle third

  5. Standard guidelines of care: CO 2 laser for removal of benign skin lesions and resurfacing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krupashankar D

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Resurfacing is a treatment to remove acne and chicken pox scars, and changes in the skin due to ageing. Machines : Both ablative and nonablative lasers are available for use. CO 2 laser is the gold standard in ablative lasers. Detailed knowledge of the machines is essential. Indications for CO 2 laser: Therapeutic indications: Actinic and seborrheic keratosis, warts, moles, skin tags, epidermal and dermal nevi, vitiligo blister and punch grafting, rhinophyma, sebaceous hyperplasia, xanthelasma, syringomas, actinic cheilitis angiofibroma, scar treatment, keloid, skin cancer, neurofibroma and diffuse actinic keratoses. CO 2 laser is not recommended for the removal of tattoos. Aesthetic indications: Resurfacing for acne, chicken pox and surgical scars, periorbital and perioral wrinkles, photo ageing changes, facial resurfacing. Physicians′ qualifications: Any qualified dermatologist (DVD or MD may practice CO 2 laser. The dermatologist should possess postgraduate qualification in dermatology and should have had specific hands-on training in lasers either during postgraduation or later at a facility which routinely performs laser procedures under a competent dermatologist/plastic surgeon, who has experience and training in using lasers. For the use of CO 2 lasers for benign growths, a full day workshop is adequate. As parameters may vary in different machines, specific training with the available machine at either the manufacturer′s facility or at another centre using the machine is recommended. Facility: CO 2 lasers can be used in the dermatologist′s minor procedure room for the above indications. However, when used for full-face resurfacing, the hospital operation theatre or day care facility with immediate access to emergency medical care is essential. Smoke evacuator is mandatory. Preoperative counseling and Informed consent Detailed counseling with respect to the treatment, desired effects, possible postoperative complications, should be

  6. 云南地区人类免疫缺陷病毒感染者及获得性免疫缺陷综合征患者口腔念珠菌病患病情况分析%The incidence of oral candidiasis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome from Yunnan, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温龑; 李承文; 裴峻浩翔; 白劲松; 杨向红; 段开文

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the incidence of oral candidiasis and its influencing factors in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS).Methods An oral examination was conducted in the 1 566 HIV/AIDS patients in the Third Hospital of Kunming from March 2008 to September 2012 (M/F:1 062/504,age range:0.2 to 84.0 years old).The HIV viral load(HIV-RNA) and peripheral blood CD4 count were respectively analyzed by Bayer Q340 fluorescence signal surveying instrument(bDNA method) and flow cytometry analysis.The information on usage of highly active anti-retroviral(HAART) drugs and transmission of HIV were obtained through questionnaires.The incidence of oral candidiasis in patients with different HIV-RNA levels and CD4 count and the use of HAART was analyzed and compared.Results The total incidence of oral candidosis was 31.0%(486/1 566) and there was no difference in sex.The oral lesions were presented by three types,psudomembranous candidosis(PC),erythematous candidosis(EC) and angular cheilitis(AC),and the morbidity was 13.9%(217/1 566),17.0%(267/1 566) and 4.9%(77/1 566),respectively.The average level of CD4 count in psudomembranous candidosis,erythematous candidosis and angular cheilitis[81.0 (146.0),74.0 (152.0) and 69.0 (121.5) cell/μl] showed no significant difference(P > 0.05).The incidence of oral candidiasis in non-HAART and HAART subjects were 36.3%(402/1 107) and 18.3%(84/459),respectively(P=0.000).The CD4 count and absolute counts of HIV viral load in oral candidiasis patients and non-oral candidiasis patients had significant difference(Z=-10.261,P=0.000 and Z=-4.762,P=0.000).Conclusions The morbidity of oral candidiasis in HIV/AIDS patients in Yunnan Province was high,including PC,EC and AC and hyperplastic candidosis was not detected.The incidence was related to the degree of immune suppression and HIV viral load.%目的 探讨人类免疫缺陷病毒(human immunodeficiency virus,HIV)感染者

  7. Analysis of the Efficacy and Safety of Acitretin for 68 Sever Psoriasis Children%阿维A治疗68例儿童重症银屑病的疗效及安全性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金校

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察阿维A治疗儿童重症银屑病的临床疗效和安全性.方法 选择临床上诊断明确的重症儿童银屑病68例,其中寻常性55例(PASI评分≥10),脓疱型9例,关节病型3例,红皮病型1例.按0.5~1.0mg/(kg·d)顿服阿维A,治疗后观察临床疗效和不良反应,包括治疗前后检测肝肾功能、血脂及对儿童生长发育的影响等.结果 治疗12周后痊愈41例,显效16例,有效率83.82%.临床最常见不良反应是干燥型唇炎,占100%(68例),其次为皮肤瘙痒30.00%(21例),皮肤脆性增加占26.00%(18例).治疗前后查肝功能、肾功能和血脂均未见异常,患儿的身高和体重也无明显变化.结论 阿维A治疗儿童重症银屑病疗效肯定,耐受性好,但要严格控制其适应症.%Objective To ivestigate the efficacy and safety of acitretin in treatment of children with sever psoriasis. Methods Sixty-eight psoriasis children were treated with acitetin 0. 5 ~ 1. 0mg/( kg. d) orally once a day. Among the patients,55 children suffered from psoriasis vulgaris ( PASI≥10) , 9 children suffered from psoriasis pustulosa, 3 chidren suffered from psoriasis arthopathica and 1 child suffered from erythro-dermic psoriasis. The clinical efficacy and adverse reaction were observaved after treatment, including hepatic/renal function and blood lipid , the impact on children's growth changes after treatment. Results After 12 weeks treatment, 57 patients achieved obvious curative effect, with a total effective rate of 83. 82%. The most common side effect of the drug was dry cheilitis, which occurred in 100% of the pa-tients(68). The .less common adverse drug reaction were skin prutitis(30. 00% ,21) and increased skin fragility (26. 00%, 18). The hepatic/renal function and blood lipid of the children before and after treatment were all normal. And the children's height and weight had also no change. Conclusion Acitretin is effective in treatment of children with sever psoriasis, and

  8. Avaliação dos efeitos adversos clínicos e alterações laboratoriais em pacientes com acne vulgar tratados com isotretinoína oral Evaluation of clinical adverse effects and laboratory alterations in patients with acne vulgaris treated with oral isotretinoin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima de Medeiros Brito

    2010-06-01

    laboratory evaluations were conducted before the start of therapy, one month after, and every three months thereafter until the completion of treatment. RESULTS: Of the 150 patients evaluated, 48% were female and 52%, male. They were aged from 15 to 32 years. The most prevalent mucocutaneous adverse reaction associated with isotretinoin therapy was cheilitis, reported by 94% of the patients. Systemic clinical effects were much less common. Cholesterol, triglyceride, and transaminase levels were assessed and significant changes were not observed during treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients showed adverse effects compatible to those described in the literature, which are mostly controlled with symptomatic medication. Isotretinoin is a safe drug and adverse and laboratory effects are well tolerated.

  9. Lesiones estomatológicas en pacientes VIH-1 reactivos: comparación de proporción en dos poblaciones independientes Stomathologycal lesions in HIV-1 reactive patients: comparison of proportion in two independent populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulema Casariego

    2006-08-01

    and Pseudomembranous Candidiasis (EC,PSC, Hairy leukoplakia (HL, Recidivant aphtous ulcers (RAU, Angular Cheilitis (ACH, Papilloma Human Virus (HPV, Herpes Virus (HV, and Non-Hodking Limphoma (NHL. Withow statistic significance: Acute necrotizing gingivitis (ANUG and Kaposi Sarkoma. (KS. In the second OP, RAU, HPV and HSV shawed significantly statistic differences, specially RAU with 44,2% of prevalence. Conclusions: 1 Our results could confirm declining prevalence of most of oral manifestations of HIV infection in HAART era. 2 We stand out the significance of RAU, HPV and HSV prevalences in the last period of time.

  10. Transtornos alimentares na infância e na adolescência Trastornos alimentares en la infancia y adolescencia y factores de riesgo Eating disorders in childhood and adolescence

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    Juliana de Abreu Gonçalves

    2013-03-01

    frequently followed by psychological comorbidities. CONCLUSIONS: Among the risk factors for eating disorders, social and family environment and the media were the most important ones. The influence of the media and social environment has been related to the worship of thinness. As to family environment, mealtimes appeared to be fundamental in shaping eating behavior and the development of disorders. Eating disorders were associated with nutritional problems (growing impairment and weight gain, oral health (cheilitis, dental erosion, periodontitis, and hypertrophy of salivary glands, and social prejudice.