WorldWideScience

Sample records for chartering

  1. National Transuranic Program Charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Transuranic Program Plan and Charter describes the functional elements of the National TRU Program, organizational relationships, programmatic responsibilities, division of work scope among the various DOE organizations that comprise the program, and program baselines against which overall progress will be measured. The charter defines the authorities and responsibilities of various organizations involved in the management of TRU waste throughout the DOE complex

  2. Integrated Forest Management Charter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, Leslie A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-08-24

    The purpose of this charter is to establish, maintain, and implement programs for the protection, preservation, and enhancement of the land and water resources of Los Alamos National Laboratory in a changing climate.

  3. Charter School Contracts. Policy Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cass, Rebecca

    2009-01-01

    The charter school concept was first introduced in 1991 when the Minnesota Legislature passed the nation's first charter school law. As of this writing in 2009, 40 states and the District of Columbia have charter school legislation. While the specific characteristics and nuances of these laws vary from state to state, almost every state law…

  4. Charter Schools and Market Segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batie, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation was undertaken to examine the effect(s) of charter school marketing on the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) education landscape with respect to the stratification of charter schools. Information from four sources: school websites, a survey of charter school parents, existing online statistics and data, and various…

  5. Dangers Facing the Earth Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Javier Reyes

    2010-01-01

    The article explores social and educational processes that could undermine the Earth Charter's promise. It points out that the meaning of the Charter would be affected if it is used in a doctrinaire manner, if individuals or groups assume the role of its legitimate and expert emissaries, if it takes on a messianic tone in its central ideas, if it…

  6. Boot Camps for Charter Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronholz, June

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses the question of who owns the responsibility when a charter school gets into trouble--when its students aren't learning, or it misses its enrollment targets, or money runs short, or it closes. Upon presenting this question to a director of a charter school, a board member, and a Massachusetts-based education consultant and…

  7. Charter Schooling and Democratic Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abowitz, Kathleen Knight; Karaba, Robert

    2010-01-01

    As the mixed achievements of charter schools come under more intense political inspection, the conceptual underpinnings of current charter school reform remain largely unexamined. This article focuses on one moral-political concept centrally related to school reform and policy, the concept of justice. Using examples from the state of Ohio, the…

  8. Charter School Replication. Policy Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2009-01-01

    "Replication" is the practice of a single charter school board or management organization opening several more schools that are each based on the same school model. The most rapid strategy to increase the number of new high-quality charter schools available to children is to encourage the replication of existing quality schools. This policy guide…

  9. More Middle-Class Families Choose Charters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmire, Richard

    2015-01-01

    The rise in middle-class students attending charter schools is largely masked by the overall growth of charter schools: over the last five years, the number of charter schools has grown nationally from 4,690 to just over 6,000. There are now 43 communities where at least 20 percent of the students attend charters, reports the National Alliance for…

  10. Patient's rights charter in Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Parsapoor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Given the importance of patient's rights in healthcare, special attention has been given to the concept of patient's rights by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in Iran. Iranian patient's rights charter has been compiled with a novel and comprehensive approach. This charter aims to elucidate rights of recipients of health services as well as observing ethical standards in medicine. This paper presents the Iranian patient's rights charter. Based on a study done from 2007 to 2009, the charter has been finalized through an extensive consultation involving all stakeholders, patients, physicians, nurses, lawyers, patient associations and health policy makers. The developed charter was adopted by the Ministry of Health in December 2009. Iranian patient's rights charter has been formulated in the framework of 5 chapters and 37 articles including vision and an explanatory note. The five chapters concern right to receiving appropriate services, right to access desired and enough information, right to choose and decide freely about receiving healthcare, right to privacy and confidentiality, and finally right to access an efficient system of dealing with complaints which have been explained in 14, 9, 7, 4 and 3 articles, respectively.  The paper concludes that, adopting the patient's rights charter is a valuable measure to meet patient's rights; however, a serious challenge is how to implement and acculturate observing patient's rights in practice in our healthcare system in Iran.

  11. Mobility Charters and Manifestos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explore a number of different cases of articulating notions of ‘correct’ mobility behavior and practice by looking into charters, manifestos and codes of mobility regulation. Within such discourses of ‘correct mobility’ more or less subtle expressions of power as well as normative and...... ethical positions on mobility prevail. Such ‘imagined correct mobility behavior’ are drawing on larger issues of societal change that need to be brought out in a critical analysis and discussion reflecting the attempts to control, design and orchestrate mobility patterns. The paper therefore argues within...... 2007, the English ‘Highway Code Booklets’ from the 1930’s, 40’s and 50’s, the ‘City Slow Charter’, the ‘New Urbanism Charter’ as attempts to codify and order mobility and mobile practices....

  12. Charter Halibut Limited Access Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This limited access system limits the number of charter vessels that may participate in the guided sport fishery for halibut in area 2C and 3A. NMFS issues a...

  13. Earth Charter and nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The chapter presents Earth Charter, where are listed the principles in 4 sections: 1) respect and take care of the life community; 2) environmental integrity; social and economic welfare; 4) democracy, no-violence and peace

  14. Nuclear Safety Charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AREVA 'Values Charter' reaffirmed the priority that must be given to the requirement for a very high level of safety, which applies in particular to the nuclear field. The purpose of this Nuclear Safety Charter is to set forth the group's commitments in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection so as to ensure that this requirement is met throughout the life cycle of the facilities. It should enable each of us, in carrying out our duties, to commit to this requirement personally, for the company, and for all stakeholders. These commitments are anchored in organizational and action principles and in complete transparency. They build on a safety culture shared by all personnel and maintained by periodic refresher training. They are implemented through Safety, Health, and Environmental management systems. The purpose of these commitments, beyond strict compliance with the laws and regulations in force in countries in which we operate as a group, is to foster a continuous improvement initiative aimed at continually enhancing our overall performance as a group. Content: 1 - Organization: responsibility of the group's executive management and subsidiaries, prime responsibility of the operator, a system of clearly defined responsibilities that draws on skilled support and on independent control of operating personnel, the general inspectorate: a shared expertise and an independent control of the operating organization, an organization that can be adapted for emergency management. 2 - Action principles: nuclear safety applies to every stage in the plant life cycle, lessons learned are analyzed and capitalized through the continuous improvement initiative, analyzing risks in advance is the basis of Areva's safety culture, employees are empowered to improve nuclear Safety, the group is committed to a voluntary radiation protection initiative And a sustained effort in reducing waste and effluent from facility Operations, employees and subcontractors are treated

  15. Leading Charters: How Charter School Administrators Define Their Roles and Their Ability to Lead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick Michael, II; Peak, Charity

    2013-01-01

    Charter schools have been studied from numerous perspectives. One topic that remains under-researched, however, is charter school leadership. Therefore, we examine how charter administrators define their leadership roles and their ability to lead. Results indicate that charter principals see three primary functions in their leadership--building…

  16. 77 FR 44475 - Final Definitions, Requirements, and Selection Criteria; Charter Schools Program (CSP)-Charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... incentives for high-quality charter schools to collaborate with non-chartered public schools and non... typically provided for traditional public schools. The purpose of the Collaboration Awards competition (CFDA...-chartered public schools (as defined in this notice) and non-chartered LEAs (as defined in this notice)...

  17. The International Charter and Flood Mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Shan, Jie

    2009-01-01

    An overview of recent Purdue activities related to the International Charter for Space and Major Disasters, including general information about The Charter, 3 Indiana flood examples, and a summary of the lessons learned therefrom.

  18. Pelagic Charter Boat Patrons (1999-2001)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study describes several aspects of the charter fishing experience, including patrons' motivations for coming to Hawaii and going charter fishing, their related...

  19. Are Charter School Unions Worth the Bargain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Mitch

    2011-01-01

    About 12 percent of all charter schools have bargaining agreements. Why do charter schools unionize? What is in these charter school contracts? Can they be considered innovative or models for union reform? And how do they compare to traditional district/union teacher contracts? Center on Reinventing Public Education legal analyst Mitch Price…

  20. New Hampshire Charter Schools Parent Study 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julius, Tom

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted in Spring 2011 with the purpose of better understanding the nature and experiences of New Hampshire charter school parents. Nine out of ten operating NH charter schools participated. Parents were invited to participate in an on-line survey and on-site focus group interviews. Results provide a profile of NH charter school…

  1. 34 CFR 300.7 - Charter school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Charter school. 300.7 Section 300.7 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.7 Charter school. Charter school has the meaning...

  2. Is Racial Segregation Changing in Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin; Lubienski, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools embody the theoretical potential to promote integration since they can draw students from across district boundaries that often reflect segregated residential patterns. While a number of studies have examined overall racial composition of charter schools, virtually no attention has been paid to how charter school enrollment…

  3. New Mexico Charter Schools Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Mexico Public Education Department, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, the New Mexico legislature passed changes to the Charter School Act that provided more accountability for both charters and authorizers in New Mexico. As part of that law, the Public Education Department (PED) is asked to submit an annual report on the status of charter schools in New Mexico. This is the first report submitted under that…

  4. The European Energy Charter Treaty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The history, purpose, scope and the main topics of the treaty are highlighted. Special attention is paid on problems of trading, competition, transit, technology transfer and access to capital markets; support and protection of investments; resolution of disputes; provisional clauses governing trade with GATT non-member states; structural and institutional provisions concerning the execution and function of the protocol, tasks of the Charter conference and secretariat including their equipment, rules of conduct and financing. The Charter is setting up a framework for co-operation, trade and investment in energy products and services with countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, based on principles of free-markets and non-discrimination

  5. Understanding Charter School Governance: A Case Study of a Conversion Charter School Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, David Mark

    2010-01-01

    The charter school movement has been at the forefront of educational reform since the 1990s. The majority of charter school research has focused on academic achievement and issues of access, equity, and funding. Less attention has focused on charter school governance, yet evidence suggests that governance challenges represent a significant…

  6. Demystifying Special Education in Virtual Charter Schools. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Kowal, Julie

    2008-01-01

    This special report is a supplement to a series of special education primers created to inform state officials, authorizers and charter school operators about special education in the charter sector. The primer series also provides tools to help these stakeholders build charter school capacity to provide special education and related services. In…

  7. Teacher community in elementary charter schools.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Cannata

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The organizational context of charter schools may facilitate the formation of a strong teacher community. In particular, a focused school mission and increased control over teacher hiring may lead to stronger teacher professional communities. This paper uses the 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey to compare the level of teacher community in charter public and traditional public schools. It also estimates the effect of various charter policy variables and domains of school autonomy on teacher community. Charter school teachers report higher levels of teacher community than traditional public school teachers do, although this effect is less than one-tenth of a standard deviation and is dwarfed by the effect of a supportive principal, teacher decision-making influence, and school size. Charter public schools authorized by universities showed lower levels of teacher community than those authorized by local school districts. Teachers in charter schools that have flexibility over tenure requirements and the school budget report higher levels of teacher community. This study reveals that charter schools do facilitate the formation of strong teacher communities, although the effect is small. The analysis also suggests that the institutional origin of the charter school and specific areas of policy flexibility may influence teacher community.

  8. Charters, K-12 Aid Roiling Wash. State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ujifusa, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    A tight race for governor, the heavy burden of rebuilding a school funding system recently declared unconstitutional, and a fourth ballot measure in two decades on charter schools has placed Washington state on an intense--and unpredictable--road for education this year. Washington is one of nine states that do not allow charter schools, and the…

  9. Educational Charter Schools: A Civil Rights Mirage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica

    2011-01-01

    The idea of charter schools arose as a means to allow for innovation by creating schools that were free from traditional regulations, but were held accountable for their performance. More recently, however, charter school advocates have suggested that increasing school choice options will create competition that improves the quality of education…

  10. State Policy Regimes and Charter School Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelz, Mikael L.

    2015-01-01

    The policy diffusion framework is critical to understanding the spread of policy innovations such as charter schools in the United States. This framework, however, is less instructive in explaining the state-by-state configuration of these policies. What explains the wide variation in charter school policy among states? This study addresses this…

  11. The Uneven Performance of Arizona's Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chingos, Matthew M.; West, Martin R.

    2015-01-01

    Arizona enrolls a larger share of its students in charter schools than any other state in the country, but no comprehensive examination exists of the impact of those schools on student achievement. Using student-level data covering all Arizona students from 2006 to 2012, we find that the performance of charter schools in Arizona in improving…

  12. Charter Schools: Education Reform or Business?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2011-01-01

    As charter schools multiply, public school teachers and administrators need to understand the policy landscape in which charters are skimming money from their traditional local public schools, making scarce resources even scarcer. In this essay, the author discusses a related phenomenon that is part of some school reform plans--the reconstitution…

  13. Charter Schools and the Teacher Job Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the position of charter schools in prospective elementary teachers' job search decisions. Using a labor market segmentation framework, it explores teacher applicants' decisions to apply to charter schools. The data come from a mixed-methods longitudinal study of prospective teachers looking for their first job. This article…

  14. 77 FR 62621 - Advisory Committee Charter Renewals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... NW., Washington, DC 20420; telephone (202) 461-7028; or email at vivian.drake@va.gov . To view a copy of a VA Federal advisory committee charter, visit http://www.va.gov/advisory . Dated: October 9, 2012... mission of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and renewing their charters would be in the...

  15. Help for Charters in Race for Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2008-01-01

    The world of charter school facilities is sometimes strange. Many charter operators have had to show considerable creativity and resourcefulness in finding a place to educate their students, whether it's a former K-Mart or car dealership, a church facility, or space in an office complex. Obtaining and paying for adequate facilities are often big…

  16. Earth Charter, ESD and Chinese Philosophies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yunhua; Constable, Alicia

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between the Earth Charter and education for sustainable development (ESD), as part of the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development. The areas of shared interest between the two are assessed and the invaluable nature of the Earth Charter as a resource outlining global values and principles for a…

  17. Details from the Dashboard: Charter Schools by Geographic Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    While a majority of charter schools nationwide operate in urban and suburban areas, charter schools exist in all corners of the nation, and are expanding into all types of communities. This "Details from the Dashboard" report presents statistics on the number of charter schools and students enrolled in charter schools by the four geographic…

  18. Charter Schools and Race: A Lost Opportunity for Integrated Education

    OpenAIRE

    Erica Frankenberg; Chungmei Lee

    2003-01-01

    Segregation patterns in the nation's charter schools are studied. After reviewing state charter legislation that directly addresses issues of racial and ethnic balance of student enrollment, we briefly examine the racial composition and segregation of the charter school population nationally. School-level analyses, aggregated by state constitute the primary method of studying segregation in charter schools. First, we look at racial composition and segregation of charter schools by state. Then...

  19. Does Charter Status Determine Preferences? Comparing the Hiring Preferences of Charter and Traditional Public School Principals

    OpenAIRE

    Marisa Cannata; Mimi Engel

    2012-01-01

    The academic success of any school depends on its teachers. However, relatively little research exists on the qualities principals value in teacher hiring, and we know almost nothing about charter school principals’ preferences. This article addresses this gap in the literature using survey results for a matched sample of charter and traditional public school principals. We compare regression-adjusted survey responses of charter and traditional public school principals to examine whether char...

  20. The European Energy Charter Treaty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of the treaty is highlighted. The treaty consists of a preamble and 50 articles and is divided into 8 parts and supplemented with 14 annexes. The parts of the treaty deal with the following: (i) definitions and purpose of the treaty; (ii) general topics such as trading, competition, transit, technology transfer and access to capital markets; (iii) support and protection of investments; (iv) list of regulations; (v) resolution of disputes; (vi) provisional clauses governing trade with GATT non-member states; (vii) structural and institutional provisions concerning the execution and function of the protocol, tasks of the Charter conference and secretariat including their equipment, rules of conduct and financing; and (viii) final provisions. (J.B.)

  1. Hawaii Charter Fishing Cost Earnings Survey 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data represent a cost-earnings study of the main Hawaiian Island Charter fishing fleet in 2012. Data collected include fisher classification, vessel...

  2. 29 CFR 1912a.12 - Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH § 1912a.12 Charter. The Committee shall... enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act....

  3. Charterer's Liability Insurance : A Type of Marine Insurance

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The “charterer’s liability insurance” is a type of marine insurance. Most ships are chartered either on a time charter or voyage charter contract. In both cases the charterer assumes liabilities towards the shipowner because of damage caused to the ship in the course of cargo-handling or because of damage resulting from an unsafe port or berth. And also, the charterer becomes liable similarly to the shipowner, with P&I liability to cargo, pollution claims and etc. All charterers require cover...

  4. Does Charter Status Determine Preferences? Comparing the Hiring Preferences of Charter and Traditional Public School Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa; Engel, Mimi

    2012-01-01

    The academic success of any school depends on its teachers. However, relatively little research exists on the qualities principals value in teacher hiring, and we know almost nothing about charter school principals' preferences. This article addresses this gap in the literature using survey results for a matched sample of charter and traditional…

  5. Charter Ranking Roulette: An Analysis of Reports that Grade States' Charter School Laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Wendy C.; Welner, Kevin G.

    2008-01-01

    Since 1996, the Center for Education Reform has released an annual report card, grading each state's charter school legislation and labeling as the "strongest" those laws placing the fewest and slightest restrictions on charter schools. While the Center for Education Reform rankings have undoubtedly been the most influential, at least four other…

  6. Charter Schools and Race: A Lost Opportunity for Integrated Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Frankenberg

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Segregation patterns in the nation's charter schools are studied. After reviewing state charter legislation that directly addresses issues of racial and ethnic balance of student enrollment, we briefly examine the racial composition and segregation of the charter school population nationally. School-level analyses, aggregated by state constitute the primary method of studying segregation in charter schools. First, we look at racial composition and segregation of charter schools by state. Then, we consider the differences in segregation between non-charter public schools (or simply "public schools" for convenience and charter schools, as well as segregation within the charter school sector. We conclude with a discussion of the article's findings and recommendations to promote further racial equity in this growing sector of public schools.

  7. 76 FR 4281 - Recreation Resource Advisory Committees Charter Reestablishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... Forest Service Recreation Resource Advisory Committees Charter Reestablishment AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of intent to reestablish the Recreation Resource Advisory Committees. SUMMARY: The Secretary of Agriculture intends to reestablish the charter for 5 Forest Service Recreation...

  8. Sustainable development - the ICC business charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) prepared and approved, in November 1990, the ''Business Charter for Sustainable Development; a set of principles for environmental management''. Environmental protection is a necessary part of sustainable development but, too often, the performance of business is seen by society as inadequate. Improved environmental performance is essential if business is to regain public trust, reduce the pressures on governments to over-legislate, and strengthen the business voice in debate on public policy. The Charter has been prepared as a major pro-active business initiative by enterprises around the world. This is timely in view of the extensive international debate on environmental issues and the widespread acceptance of the ''Sustainable Development'' concept. Sustainable development involves meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Although the objective of the Charter is that the widest range of enterprises as organizations commit themselves to improving their environmental performance in accordance with the Principles of the Charter, an individual branch of industry may also meet the goals of the Charter. The paper evaluates how the practices implemented in the field of nuclear energy are in harmony with the principles. The conclusion is that nuclear is in the avant garde within the wide spectrum of industrial activities. This conclusion should assist nuclear energy to improve its public acceptance. (author)

  9. On the Charter Question: Black Marxism and Black Nationalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Mark; Hussain, Khuram

    2015-01-01

    This article brings two black intellectual traditions to bear on the question of charter schools: black Marxism and black nationalism. The authors examine the theoretical and rhetorical devices used to talk about charters schools by focusing on how notions of "black liberation" are deployed by the charter movement, and to what end. The…

  10. 41 CFR 105-54.203-2 - Active charters file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Active charters file. 105-54.203-2 Section 105-54.203-2 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... charters file. The GSA Committee Management Officer retains each original signed charter in a file...

  11. Charter School Parents and Their Perceptions of Independent Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Amada

    2014-01-01

    Given that independent schools have started to face competition from charter schools, the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) commissioned a study with current and prospective charter school parents to determine their perceptions of charter vs. independent schools, assess the relative impact of the variables that affect their school…

  12. Charter Schools in Indiana: Overview, Funding, and Federal Expenditures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plucker, Jonathan A.; Eckes, Suzanne; Chang, Young; Benton, Sarah; Trotter, Anne; Bradford, Matthew

    2005-01-01

    This report presents an overview defining what constitutes a charter school and how the existing 22 charter schools in Indiana are funded. 36 charter schools have been approved in Indiana as of Spring 2005. Of these, 22 schools have already begun operating, 10 are slated to open in the coming years, 2 have been closed down before they opened, and…

  13. Equity Overlooked: Charter Schools and Civil Rights Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2009-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) is in the midst of an analysis of rapidly growing charter school enrollment, which the authors anticipate releasing next month. Similar to trends described in their 2003 report and in other research on racial isolation in charter schools, they find higher levels of segregation for black students in charter schools…

  14. Charter Management Organizations: Innovations, Opportunities, and Challenges. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center on Reinventing Public Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Over the past two decades, charter management organizations (CMOs) have become a significant force in the public K-12 charter school landscape. CMOs, nonprofit entities that directly manage public charter schools, are meant to meld the benefits of school districts--including economies of scale, collaboration among similar schools, and support…

  15. Charter School Autonomy: The Mismatch between Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finnigan, Kara S.

    2007-01-01

    In theory, the charter school concept is based on a trade-off or exchange: greater autonomy for increased accountability. Although charter schools have been operating for more than 10 years, little is known about charter school autonomy in practice. This mixed-methods study used survey and case study data to examine the degree of autonomy of…

  16. Not Just Urban Policy: Suburbs, Segregation, and Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2012-01-01

    As the charter school sector expands rapidly with federal support amid on-going diversification and growing segregation among traditional public school students, this article examines existing patterns of segregation in charter schools. Prior research has demonstrated that charter schools are substantially more segregated than our already…

  17. Charter Schools, Civil Rights and School Discipline: A Comprehensive Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losen, Daniel J.; Keith, Michael A., II; Hodson, Cheri L.; Martinez, Tia E.

    2016-01-01

    This report, along with the companion spreadsheet, provides the first comprehensive description ever compiled of charter school discipline. In 2011-12, every one of the nation's 95,000 public schools was required to report its school discipline data, including charter schools. This analysis, which includes more than 5,250 charter schools, focuses…

  18. Academic Achievement of Students in a Charter Homeschool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leeds, Mary A.

    2009-01-01

    A recent development in education is the public charter school as a homeschool model. In several states across the nation, a child may enroll in an independent study program of a public charter school and base his or her studies in the home. This model in the realm of education is called charter homeschool. The state of California has over 120…

  19. The Relative Efficiency of Charter Schools: A Cost Frontier Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gronberg, Timothy J.; Jansen, Dennis W.; Taylor, Lori L.

    2012-01-01

    Charters represent an expansion of public school choice, offering free, publicly funded educational alternatives to traditional public schools. One relatively unexplored research question concerning charter schools asks whether charter schools are more efficient suppliers of educational services than are traditional public schools. The potential…

  20. Texas charter school legislation and the evolution of open-enrollment charter schools.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrie Y. Barron Ausbrooks

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This article chronicles the evolution of legislation for Texas open-enrollment charter schools to their implementation by demonstrating how these schools have (or have not used their freedom from state-mandated requirements to develop innovative learning environments as well as to bring innovative curricula into the classroom. The investigative focus was on an analysis of Texas open-enrollment charter school legislation, from 1995 (74th legislative session to the 77th legislative session in 2001, and the characteristics of the state's 159 open-enrollment charter schools that were in operation during the 2001-2002 academic year. The authors found that charter school legislation has changed in response to concerns of all involved, and focuses on the need for balance between choice, innovation, and public accountability. Although charter schools are free from most state regulations, legislators were clearly interested in ensuring that this freedom does not impede charter schools' ability to provide a quality education to all students who attend them. The currently operating open-enrollment charter schools in Texas are more racially and economically segregated than other public schools in the state, and charter schools that targeted students most at risk for dropping out of school (and returning students who had previously dropped out differ from other schools in their stated teaching methods. Teacher turnover remains significantly greater than that for other public schools in the state. However, it does not appear to be specifically associated with schools that target disadvantaged students or minority students. The schools' mission statements suggest that innovative school environments are a factor in school design. Texas is poised to continue along the public education choice model. Charter school legislation provides a framework upon which charter schools may build to meet the educational needs of the students who choose to attend them

  1. Yacht charter in Portugal- developing a business model for a sailing charter company

    OpenAIRE

    Kalcic, Natasa

    2016-01-01

    Given the signals that Portugal can be a great destination for charter sailing, the purpose of this work is to disprove this. Thereby the model of Porter’s five forces has been used to analyze the Portuguese yacht charter market, whereas a SWOT analysis should give an overview and compare the Portuguese market with the well running charter market of Croatia. The research outcome on the supply side as well as on the demand side should then serve as a foundation for establishing a ...

  2. Disaster response and the international charter program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stryker, Timothy; Jones, Brenda

    2009-01-01

    In a meeting held in Vienna, Austria in 1999, a small group of space agencies conceived and approved a program to provide emergency response satellite data to those affected by disasters anywhere in the world. The purpose of this group, which came to be known as the “International Charter - Space and Major Disasters”, is to promote cooperation among space agencies in the use of satellite data to manage crises during and after disasters. When tropical storms, floods, oil spills, earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes or fires endanger human life, the Charter member agencies provide valuable information about these events’ extent and impact.

  3. Investigating Leadership in Charter Schools: An Examination of the Leadership Traits of Executive Directors in Successful Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloomfield, Brian D.

    2013-01-01

    This study was a qualitative exploration of educational leadership within charter schools in an attempt to identify traits demonstrated by executive directors of successful charter schools. Because much research has been conducted to identify trends in educational leadership, but comparable little within the unique context of charter schools, and…

  4. Texas charter school legislation and the evolution of open-enrollment charter schools.

    OpenAIRE

    Carrie Y. Barron Ausbrooks; Edith J. Barrett; Theresa Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This article chronicles the evolution of legislation for Texas open-enrollment charter schools to their implementation by demonstrating how these schools have (or have not) used their freedom from state-mandated requirements to develop innovative learning environments as well as to bring innovative curricula into the classroom. The investigative focus was on an analysis of Texas open-enrollment charter school legislation, from 1995 (74th legislative session) to the 77th legislative session in...

  5. Why Do Charter Schools Fail? - An Analysis of Charter School Survival in New Jersey

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Schwenkenberg; James VanderHoff

    2013-01-01

    The reasons for charter school failure may determine if charter school competition improves public education. We estimate survival regressions to assess the effects of various factors on the probability of school failure. We find that students’ test scores are the most important determinant of survival: a one standard deviation increase reduces the probability of failure by at least 72%. Higher expenditures on facilities and a longer waitlist result in smaller but significant reductions in th...

  6. Improving Dispute Resolution: Student Contracts and Charters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, G. R.

    2011-01-01

    The sector is entering a climate of future funding cuts and fee rises, which are likely to prompt a growing number and widening range of disputes. This article describes the launch of a new Improving Dispute Resolution Advisory Service. The particular questions raised in this context by the introduction of student charters and the relationship of…

  7. 78 FR 5239 - Public Charter Prospectuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    .... These revisions refer to a notice dated November 13, 2012, appearing at 77 FR 69692 (Nov. 20, 2012). FOR... Federal Register (77 FR 69692 (Nov. 20, 2012)), the notice was also posted at www.regulations.gov and on... that we would not permit the charter operator to accept payment by debit card (although we did...

  8. Addendum: Parker Charter Essential School's Wellness Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horace, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Wellness is an integrated curriculum combining aspects of traditional health classes with physical education, games, fitness skills and other mind-body connection skills. The goals of Parker Charter Essential School's Wellness program developed by members of the Parker community are: (1) to develop and nurture resilience; (2) to foster and promote…

  9. Exploring the Competitive Effects of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II; Medina, Paul M.

    2011-01-01

    Central to the debate over school choice has been the question of how public schools respond to market-based competition. Many choice advocates suggest that competition can spur public schools to become more effective and efficient, but the evidence regarding the effect of competition from charters is comparably sparse and mixed. This article…

  10. 44 CFR 12.7 - Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Charter. 12.7 Section 12.7 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... also be furnished at the time of filing to the Library of Congress, Exchange and Gift Division,...

  11. Teacher Turnover in Charter Schools. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuit, David; Smith, Thomas M.

    2010-01-01

    The current study aimed to contribute to a deeper understanding of the organizational conditions of charter schools by examining teacher turnover. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS), researchers from the National Center on School…

  12. Charter School Innovations: A Teacher Growth Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radoslovich, Julie; Roberts, Shelley; Plaza, Andres

    2014-01-01

    Committed to being a charter school with a professional learning community that empowers teachers, New Mexico's South Valley Academy (SVA) staff transformed its state evaluation process into a practitioner action research process (Anderson, Herr, & Nihlen, 2007). While teachers self-diagnose growth needs and play active roles in improving…

  13. Studies Spotlight Charter Schools Aimed at Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

    2012-01-01

    Nearly six decades after "Brown" v. "Board of Education," the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that ushered in an era of efforts to integrate public schools, charter school advocates and researchers are shining a light on a number of those independent public schools that are integrated by design. Two new reports--one from the National Alliance…

  14. Measuring Charter School Efficiency: An Early Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II; Noller, Scott L.

    2010-01-01

    In an era of increased accountability and challenging times for public finance, charter schools built on decentralization, grassroots accountability, and market forces may provide, in the spirit of "educational laboratories," lessons for increasing student achievement more efficiently through diverse and innovative management, organization,…

  15. 12 CFR 552.4 - Charter amendments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Charter amendments. 552.4 Section 552.4 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL STOCK ASSOCIATIONS..., to the holders of the outstanding shares of any class of stock having preference over the...

  16. An Analysis of the Charter School Facility Landscape in New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In spring of 2012, the New Jersey Charter Schools Association, the Colorado League of Charter Schools, and the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools worked to collect evidence that would accurately portray both the adequacy of charter school facilities and the average spending for facilities out of charter schools' operating budgets in New…

  17. An Analysis of the Charter School Facility Landscape in Rhode Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In winter of 2013, the Rhode Island League of Charter Schools, the Colorado League of Charter Schools, and the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools worked to collect evidence that would accurately portray both the adequacy of charter school facilities and the average amount of operating funds spent by charter schools on facilities.…

  18. The Energy Charter: what is it?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The European Energy Charter is a European Community initiative put forward by the Netherlands' Prime Minister Lubbers in June 1990. The intent of the Charter is to set up a framework for co-operation, trade and investment in energy products and services with countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, based on principles of free-markets and non-discrimination. A Working Group has been tasked with the development of the protocol on nuclear energy. The basic intent is to facilitate co-operation between the signatories across the entire peaceful nuclear fuel cycle and in related fields and activities. Particular emphasis is placed on achieving and maintaining a high level of nuclear safety. The protocol has a preamble and four parts, dealing with: objectives and commitments; principles of responsible nuclear conduct; trade; investment and technology transfer and administrative arrangements. (author)

  19. Charter school tax credit: Investing in human capital

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Galloway

    2010-01-01

    This working paper considers how two existing policy tools--investment tax credits and charter schools--could be combined to raise operating funds for charter schools that successfully close the poverty-related academic achievement gap. Some charter schools have succeeded in dramatically improving low-income student performance (those run by KIPP, Achievement First, and the Harlem Children's Zone, for example). However, these successful schools differ significantly in type and approach. As a ...

  20. The United Nations Charter as Constitution of the International Community

    OpenAIRE

    Fassbender, Bardo

    1998-01-01

    The Charter of the United Nations was brought into existence in the form of an international treaty. In the course of the last fifty years, however, the "constitutional predisposition" of the Charter has been confirmed and strengthened in such a way that today the Instrument must be referred to as the constitution of the international community. In this article, the author suggests that the Charter is the constitution of the international community in ist entirety, i.e., for all subjects of i...

  1. Atarek Kamil Ibrahim & Co. Chartered Accountants

    OpenAIRE

    Zakiah Muhammaddun Mohamed; Aini Aman; Noradiva Hamzah; Sofiah Md. Auzair

    2010-01-01

    Atarek Kamil Ibrahim & Co. Chartered Accountants (hereafter referred to as AKI) is a public accounting firm named after its founder Tuan Haji Atarek Kamil Ibrahim (hereafter referred to as Atarek). The firm offers a wide range of services to its customers since its establishment in 1989. The head office of AKI is in Kuala Lumpur and it has branches in Melaka, Johor Bahru, Ipoh, Kuala Terrengganu, Kota Baru, Kuching, Miri and Kota Kinabalu. The partners of AKI are planning to expand the compan...

  2. North Carolina's Flexible Charter School Law: Is Too Much Flexibility Good for Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Frank

    1999-01-01

    North Carolina charter schools are operated by private, nonprofit corporations with federal, tax-exempt status and multicharter licenses. The application process is easy, the political climate under Governor Jim Hunt is progressive, and public employees are not unionized. On balance, the system seems both flexible and accountable to taxpayers.…

  3. Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsen, David; Ni, Yongmei

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread concern that administration consumes too much of the educational dollar in traditional public schools, diverting needed resources from classroom instruction and hampering efforts to improve student outcomes. By contrast, charter schools are predicted to have leaner administration and allocate resources more intensively to…

  4. Review of "Going Exponential: Growing the Charter School Sector's Best"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, David

    2011-01-01

    This Progressive Policy Institute report argues that charter schools should be expanded rapidly and exponentially. Citing exponential growth organizations, such as Starbucks and Apple, as well as the rapid growth of molds, viruses and cancers, the report advocates for similar growth models for charter schools. However, there is no explanation of…

  5. 76 FR 79751 - Industry Advisory Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Industry Advisory Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal The Under Secretary for Management has approved the renewal of the charter for the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations' (OBO)...

  6. Indianapolis Mayor Bart Peterson: The Peyton Manning of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, David

    2007-01-01

    Indianapolis Mayor Bart Peterson has laid down a bold challenge to the city's troubled public school system: improve or see your students migrate to the city's growing roster of impressive charter schools. This is no idle threat. In the 2006-2007 academic year, the mayor oversaw 16 charter schools serving 3,870 students. Peterson is currently the…

  7. Cultivating Life Skills at a Project-Based Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurdinger, Scott; Enloe, Walter

    2011-01-01

    Surveys that focused on academic and life skill development were collected from alumni who attended Avalon Charter School in St Paul, Minnesota. Avalon is a small public charter school that uses project-based learning as their primary teaching method. Forty-two alumni responded to the online survey. Students ranked life skills such as creativity,…

  8. Charter School Competition, Organization, and Achievement in Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Tomeka M.

    2013-01-01

    Market models of education reform predict that the growth of charter schools will infuse competition into the public school sector, forcing traditional public schools to improve the practices they engage in to educate students. Some scholars have criticized these models, arguing that competition from charter schools is unlikely to produce…

  9. Haven Charter Schools: Separate by Design and Legally Questionable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckes, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the legal and policy complexities involved with students who are self-selecting into haven charter schools. Haven charter schools are those that intend to create a safe place for students with complex histories who may have been intimidated by a dominant group in their former schools. For the purpose of this study, haven…

  10. Principles & Standards for Quality Charter School Authorizing. 2012 Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Charter school authorizing is a powerful strategy for making excellent public schools and educational opportunities available to all students. Done well, charter authorizing increases student achievement by expanding the supply of quality public schools to satisfy unmet needs--particularly by providing life-changing opportunities for students…

  11. State Policy Snapshot: School District Facilities and Public Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simnick, Russ

    2015-01-01

    One of the greatest challenges to the health of the public charter school movement is access to adequate facilities in which the schools operate. Public charter school facilities are rarely funded on par with school district facilities. Over the years, more states have come to realize that they have an obligation to ensure that all public school…

  12. Comparing New School Effects in Charter and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.; Loveless, Tom

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates whether student achievement varies during the institutional life span of charter schools by comparing them to new public schools. The results show that there is little evidence that new public schools struggle with initial start-up issues to the same extent as new charter schools. Even after controlling for school…

  13. Details from the Dashboard: Charter School Race/Ethnicity Demographics

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This "Details from the Dashboard" report examines race/ethnicity breakouts for public charter schools and traditional public schools at the state and the school district level. The data in this report indicate that in the large majority of states, the race/ethnicity student demographics of charter schools are almost identical to those of the…

  14. The Notion of Charter Schools and Its Feasibility in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem; Özaskin, Aysegül

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of Charter School system in Turkey, which was opened firstly in State of Minnesota of United States and was expanded to approximately 40 states in America today and also, in practice in some countries such as Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Sweden and Norway. Charter Schools are…

  15. Teacher Classroom Management Ratings at Concept Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senlik, Yasar

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that impact the classroom management rating score of teachers at Concept Schools managed charter schools. Concept Schools, a non-profit management and consulting organization that manages charter schools in the Midwest, has adapted Charlotte Danielson's rubrics for "Enhancing Professional…

  16. Charter Schools and the Risk of Increased Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotberg, Iris C.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines a wide array of research on the link between school choice programs and student segregation and draws implications for the Obama Administration's policy promoting the national expansion of charter schools. The research demonstrates how the proliferation of charter schools risks increasing current levels of segregation…

  17. 78 FR 57903 - Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of renewal and amendment of the charter of the Aerospace... the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel is in the public interest in connection with the performance...

  18. Charter Schools and the Teacher Job Search in Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the position of charter schools in prospective elementary teachers' job search decisions. Using a labor market segmentation framework, it explores teacher applicants' decisions to apply to charter schools. The data come from a mixed-methods longitudinal study of prospective teachers looking for their first job. This paper finds…

  19. Recognising and Developing Urban Teachers: Chartered London Teacher Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubb, Sara; Porritt, Vivienne

    2008-01-01

    Chartered London Teacher (CLT) status is a unique scheme designed by London Challenge to recognise and reward teachers' achievements and provide a framework for professional development. As well as having the prestige of being a Chartered London Teacher for life, educators receive a one-time payment of 1,000 British pounds from the school budget…

  20. Much Ado about Nothing? Innovation in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Courtney; Goldring, Ellen; Berends, Mark; Cannata, Marisa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for measuring innovation in charter schools. The authors ask two questions: (1) What practices constitute innovation in various local and state contexts?; and (2) Do levels and types of innovation differ between charter schools and traditional public schools? The authors' sample frame includes…

  1. Charter School Path Paved with Choice, Compromise, Common Sense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junge, Ember Reichgott

    2014-01-01

    A state legislator who played a key role in enacting the nation's first charter school law in Minnesota tells the story of shaping the ideas and the bill. She now looks for ways that charter schools can coexist with traditional public schools to deliver a better education for all children.

  2. 77 FR 31682 - Renewal of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... material the pillage of which places a country's cultural heritage in jeopardy. The Committee makes... Heritage Center, U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, 2200 C Street NW... of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter SUMMARY: The Charter of the Department of...

  3. Principal Turnover: Upheaval and Uncertainty in Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Yongmei; Sun, Min; Rorrer, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Informed by literature on labor market and school choice, this study aims to examine the dynamics of principal career movements in charter schools by comparing principal turnover rates and patterns between charter schools and traditional public schools. Research Methods/Approach: This study uses longitudinal data on Utah principals and…

  4. Protecting Geoheritage - Geodiversity Charter for England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlop, Lesley

    2016-04-01

    The Geodiversity Charter for England, launched in 2014, sets out the clear vision that England's 'geodiversity is recognised as an integral and vital part of our environment, economy and heritage that must be safeguarded and managed for current and future generations'. England is privileged to be among the most geodiverse places in the world with 700 million years of geological history revealed by our rocks. The white cliffs of Dover, honey coloured Cotswold limestone, granite Dartmoor Tors, are examples of this geodiversity. To maintain and enhance our geodiversity it is important to recognise its role in: • the understanding of England's geological history and global geosciences • natural heritage, both terrestrial and marine, and landscapes in all their diversity • supporting habitats and species and the many essential benefits they provide for society • adaptation to changes in climate and sea-level through sustainable management of land and water and working with natural processes • sustainable economic development • the history, character and cultural development of our society through intellectual growth and creative expression alongside industrial and technological development • public health, quality of life and national well-being and connecting people with the natural environment including active promotion of geotourism. Geodiversity, however, is an often overlooked environmental asset. The vision of the Charter and the work of the English Geodiversity Forum is to encourage good practice and to act as a focus in order to: • raise awareness of the importance, value and relevance of geodiversity to our economic prosperity and comfort and its wider links with the natural environment, landscape, cultural and historical heritage and sense of place • encourage a sense of pride through education and learning, promotion and interpretation • promote careful management of geodiversity through conservation and enhancement of its special

  5. Charter Schools and Special Education: Balancing Disparate Visions. An Investigation of Charter Schools and Special Education in Fifteen States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren M.; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    This report describes activities and findings of Project SEARCH, an on-going qualitative research project investigating the current status of policies regarding children with disabilities in charter schools. The project has involved a preliminary analysis of all current charter laws to examine the inclusion of students with disabilities and a more…

  6. 34 CFR 76.788 - What are a charter school LEA's responsibilities under this subpart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... significantly expand its enrollment, the charter school LEA or its authorized public chartering agency must... enrollment, the charter school LEA must provide actual enrollment and eligibility data to the SEA at a time... until the charter school LEA provides the SEA with the required actual enrollment and eligibility...

  7. 77 FR 24690 - Exemplary Charter School Collaboration Awards; Proposed Definitions, Requirements, and Selection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... would be designed to encourage charter schools and non-chartered public schools or non-chartered LEAs to... schools and non-chartered public schools alike, and provide students and their parents with a range of... commensurate to the amount the States have typically provided for traditional public schools. Background:...

  8. When the "Dream" Turns into a Nightmare: Life and Death of Voyager Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karanxha, Zorka

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This article highlights the complexity of accountability issues associated with one charter school from the charter application process, operation, and functioning of the external mechanism and the internal mechanism to hold the charter school accountable, closure of the school, and consequences of the charter school's closure on its…

  9. The Impact of an Urban Charter School Leadership Training Program on Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Jack Lamar

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the experiences, perspectives, and recommendations of participants in a charter school training program in order to gauge whether the training adequately prepared them for charter school leadership. Charter school leaders are prepared for leadership by university programs, non-profit programs, and charter schools themselves. A…

  10. Details from the Dashboard: Estimated Number of Public Charter Schools & Students, 2014-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2015

    2015-01-01

    During the 2014-15 school year, almost 500 new public charter schools opened. An estimated 348,000 additional students were attending public charter schools in the 2014-15 school year compared with the previous school year. With the addition of new charter schools and students, there are now more than 6,700 public charter schools enrolling about…

  11. Reducing ABA Litigation through Autism-Centric Charter Schools: Legally Viable or Vulnerable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Janet R.

    2010-01-01

    A recent study discovered that charter schools designed for children with autism or "autism-centric charter schools" comprise half of the total number of charter schools designed for children with disabilities. However, these unique charter schools may be vulnerable to legal challenges because they may be violating the Individuals with…

  12. Charter for Systems Engineer Working Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suffredini, Michael T.; Grissom, Larry

    2015-01-01

    This charter establishes the International Space Station Program (ISSP) Mobile Servicing System (MSS) Systems Engineering Working Group (SEWG). The MSS SEWG is established to provide a mechanism for Systems Engineering for the end-to-end MSS function. The MSS end-to-end function includes the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), the Mobile Remote Servicer (MRS) Base System (MBS), Robotic Work Station (RWS), Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM), Video Signal Converters (VSC), and Operations Control Software (OCS), the Mobile Transporter (MT), and by interfaces between and among these elements, and United States On-Orbit Segment (USOS) distributed systems, and other International Space Station Elements and Payloads, (including the Power Data Grapple Fixtures (PDGFs), MSS Capture Attach System (MCAS) and the Mobile Transporter Capture Latch (MTCL)). This end-to-end function will be supported by the ISS and MSS ground segment facilities. This charter defines the scope and limits of the program authority and document control that is delegated to the SEWG and it also identifies the panel core membership and specific operating policies.

  13. CISO: charter of integration for simulator openness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve NPP simulators components homogeneity and reuse among projects, EDF (Electricite de France) has defined a Charter Integration for Simulator Openness. CISO, which is a set of rules and guidelines for simulator interoperability and openness, defines a static data model which must be used for any reference to the simulated installation, exchange procedures for simulation modules in a parallel environment and a standard basis for compatible communications between the simulator subsystems, CISO concentrates in interfaces and leaves open the individual choices for implementation. The prototyping phase is now completed, CISO will be put into practice for the next generation of EDF full-scale simulators, the guidelines must now enrich from experience. (author)

  14. AFSC/REFM: Alaska Saltwater Sport Fishing Charter Business Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The purpose of this project was to collect cost, earning, and employment information from the Alaska saltwater sport fishing charter business sector during the...

  15. 14 CFR 212.6 - Operation of gambling junket charters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS CHARTER RULES FOR U.S. AND FOREIGN DIRECT AIR CARRIERS § 212.6..., hotel, or cruise line or its agents, from requiring prospective passengers to pay nominal...

  16. 77 FR 10543 - Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... Office of the Secretary Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Charter AGENCY: Office of the... Secretary of Agriculture have renewed the Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council (Council...; (8) Hunting and shooting sports outreach and education organizations; (9) Tourism, outfitter,...

  17. 78 FR 65982 - Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADVISORY BOARD Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter AGENCY: Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board... continue an advisory committee to consider and recommend accounting standards and principles for...

  18. 78 FR 66801 - Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Announcement of advisory... Committee that provides the Agency with advice and recommendations on motor carrier safety programs...

  19. Perspectivas sobre las escuelas charter: Una resena para padres de familia (Perspectives on Charter Schools: A Review for Parents). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donahoo, Saran

    Recently, charter schools have gained popularity with parents, students, and others as alternatives to public schools, but what are charter schools and what effects are they having? This Spanish-language Digest defines charter schools and clarifies some of the administrative and legal details surrounding such schools. The Digest also lays out some…

  20. Nuclear Safety Charter; Charte Surete Nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    The AREVA 'Values Charter' reaffirmed the priority that must be given to the requirement for a very high level of safety, which applies in particular to the nuclear field. The purpose of this Nuclear Safety Charter is to set forth the group's commitments in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection so as to ensure that this requirement is met throughout the life cycle of the facilities. It should enable each of us, in carrying out our duties, to commit to this requirement personally, for the company, and for all stakeholders. These commitments are anchored in organizational and action principles and in complete transparency. They build on a safety culture shared by all personnel and maintained by periodic refresher training. They are implemented through Safety, Health, and Environmental management systems. The purpose of these commitments, beyond strict compliance with the laws and regulations in force in countries in which we operate as a group, is to foster a continuous improvement initiative aimed at continually enhancing our overall performance as a group. Content: 1 - Organization: responsibility of the group's executive management and subsidiaries, prime responsibility of the operator, a system of clearly defined responsibilities that draws on skilled support and on independent control of operating personnel, the general inspectorate: a shared expertise and an independent control of the operating organization, an organization that can be adapted for emergency management. 2 - Action principles: nuclear safety applies to every stage in the plant life cycle, lessons learned are analyzed and capitalized through the continuous improvement initiative, analyzing risks in advance is the basis of Areva's safety culture, employees are empowered to improve nuclear Safety, the group is committed to a voluntary radiation protection initiative And a sustained effort in reducing waste and effluent from facility Operations, employees and

  1. 75 FR 1595 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... FR 554). Under this rule, NMFS will issue a charter halibut permit to the owner of a licensed charter..., 2009 (74 FR 18178) and in the final rule published on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). This 60-day... Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National...

  2. 14 CFR 372.25 - Tariffs to be filed for charter trips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Tariffs to be filed for charter trips. 372... § 372.25 Tariffs to be filed for charter trips. Effective October 1, 1972, a charter operator shall not... on file with the Department a currently effective tariff showing all rates, fares, and charges...

  3. For-Profit Charter Schools and Threats to the Publicness of Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitzlein, Sarah M.

    2013-01-01

    Media portrayals and education policies have combined with anecdotes about charter school successes to produce a favorable assessment of charter schools by two-thirds of Americans. Such media celebrations often group an array of charter school types together, thereby disguising their differences. Indeed, the public seems unaware there are…

  4. Student Achievement in Ohio Charter Schools: A Comparative and Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotler, Ruth M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate fifth-grade student achievement in Ohio public charter schools as compared to student achievement in traditional public schools, and to determine whether the performance of charter schools changed over time. Research questions asked 1) how does student achievement in Ohio's public charters compare…

  5. Charter Schools: A Welcome Choice for Parents. WebMemo. No. 2996

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richwine, Jason

    2010-01-01

    A study published by the Department of Education (DOE) in June, "The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts," highlights the many benefits of charter schools. The results show unambiguously that parents are substantially more satisfied with charter schools and the academic and social development of their children who attend compared to public school…

  6. 7 CFR 25.502 - Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.502 Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. Any rural area nominated by an economic development corporation chartered by a State and... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nominations by State-chartered economic...

  7. Achievement and Attainment in Chicago Charter Schools: A Summary. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booker, Kevin; Gill, Brian; Zimmer, Ron; Sass, Tim R.

    2008-01-01

    Chicago's "multi-grade" charter high schools (those that include middle school grades) appear to be increasing students' rates of graduation and college entry. The overall performance of Chicago's charter schools in raising student test scores is approximately on par with that of traditional public schools in Chicago. Charter schools in Chicago…

  8. 12 CFR 614.4080 - Loans and chartered territory-banks for cooperatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Loans and chartered territory-banks for cooperatives. 614.4080 Section 614.4080 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Chartered Territories § 614.4080 Loans and chartered territory—banks...

  9. 78 FR 53426 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal AGENCY... Services Administration, renewed the Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board on August 19, 2013. DATES: The Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board was...

  10. 14 CFR 294.3 - General requirements for Canadian charter air taxi operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... air taxi operators. 294.3 Section 294.3 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS CANADIAN CHARTER AIR TAXI OPERATORS General § 294.3 General requirements for Canadian charter air taxi operators. A Canadian charter air taxi operator...

  11. The Influence of Finance and Accountability Policies on Location of New York State Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bifulco, Robert; Buerger, Christian

    2015-01-01

    This article identifies a set of location incentives created by New York's charter school financing and accountability provisions. We then use regression models to examine the location of charter schools across and within districts. We find that charter schools (1) are significantly more likely to locate in districts with high operating expenses…

  12. Special Education in American Charter Schools: State Level Policy, Practices, and Tensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    2001-01-01

    States Project SEARCH, a three year qualitative study of special education in U.S. charter schools, revealed a fundamental gap between the individualized, autonomous nature of charter schools and regulated nature of special education. Notes this is complicated by some charter schools' inability to amass fiscal/human capacity to meet individual…

  13. 12 CFR 747.403 - Notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter; notice of suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter... to suspend or revoke charter; notice of suspension. (a) Upon its determination that one or more of... a notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter and of intent to place into involuntary...

  14. Toward a post-Charter health promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonté, Ronald

    2011-12-01

    The past 25 years have seen enormous shifts in the environmental, political, economic and social landscapes that condition people's abilities to be healthy. Climate change is now a reality. China, India, Brazil and other 'developing' countries are emerging as new axes of political and economic power. Global capitalism has become increasingly predatory and crisis ridden, a result of unregulated and irresponsible greed of unimaginable scale. The elite response has been the increased erosion of the health and other social protection policies of redistribution that characterized the first-world run-up to the Ottawa Charter. These new realities challenge health promoters in ways unforeseen a quarter century ago. It is imperative that local determinants of health, to which health promoters give their attention, be traced to broader, even global levels of determinants. Support for groups acting at these levels should become a fundamental practice tenet. So, too, should advocacy for the social state, in which progressive taxation and hefty social investment blunt the health inequalities created by unfettered markets. As environmental and economic insecurities and inequalities increase in many of the world's countries, so does the risk of xenophobia and conflict. The roots of racism are complex; but weeding them out becomes another health promotion practice of the new millennium. There are some hopeful signs of health promoting political change, much of it emanating now from countries in the global South; but the threat of a return to health behaviourism in the face of the new global pandemic of chronic disease is real and must be confronted. PMID:22080072

  15. The physician charter on medical professionalism from the Chinese perspective: a comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Pingyue

    2015-07-01

    The charter of medical professionalism in the new millennium (Charter) has been endorsed worldwide, including by the Chinese Medical Doctor Association from 2005. Six years later, the association drafted a Chinese version of medical professionalism based on the Charter, the Chinese Medical Doctor Declaration (Declaration). This Declaration encompasses six tenets, which have large areas of overlap with the Charter. Meanwhile, certain differences also exist between the universal professionalism that the Charter aims to disseminate and the ideal Chinese professionalism that the Declaration endeavours to bolster. In this paper, we explore the unique aspects of the Declaration in contrast with the Charter to gain a deeper understanding of professionalism in the particular context of China. The Declaration may omit some valuable commitments found in the Charter, but it includes longstanding Confucian and cultural traditions of China, as well as consideration of current social circumstances. The Declaration thus re-establishes the ideal of universal professionalism in light of the Chinese context. PMID:25341734

  16. Understanding Student Discipline Practices in Charter Schools: A Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denice, Patrick; Gross, Betheny; Rausch, Karega

    2015-01-01

    Fair use of exclusionary discipline is a rising concern in public schools. At issue is whether this type of discipline is disproportionately applied to certain groups of students and whether some charter schools use it more frequently. For the first time, data compiled by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights capture discipline…

  17. 77 FR 33229 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661-667e), and Executive Order 12962 of June 7, 1995-Recreational Fisheries (60 FR 30769, June 7, 1995), as amended by Executive Order 13474 of September 26, 2008 (73 FR 57229, October 1... Office of the Secretary Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter AGENCY: Office of...

  18. Charter School Expansion and within District Equity: Confluence or Conflict?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Bruce D.; Libby, Ken; Wiley, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    This article explores whether two popular policy initiatives are compatible or conflicting strategies for enhancing educational equality in diverse large urban centers. These two initiatives are (1) charter school expansion and (2) improvement of resource equity across urban public school systems through policies often referred to as weighted…

  19. New Jersey Primer on Special Education & Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Jersey Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This document has been developed by the New Jersey Department of Education with the assistance of the TA Customizer Project funded by the U.S. Department of Education Charter Schools Program (CSP) and conducted by the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE). Its focus is on providing information and technical…

  20. Charter, Private, and Public Schools Work Together in Boston

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Diana

    2014-01-01

    A public, Catholic, and charter school in Boston all work together to share their strengths and learn from each other in an effort to deliver the best education for all of their students. The arrangement is called the School Performance Partnership, and it is a grantee of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

  1. A Revenue Planning Tool for Charter School Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Eric; Hayes, Cheryl D.

    2009-01-01

    This revenue planning tool aims to help charter school operators develop a sound revenue base that can meet their school's current and future funding needs. It helps identify and assess potential public (federal, state, and local) and private funding sources. The tool incorporates a four-step revenue planning process which includes: (1)…

  2. School Identity in the Context of Alberta Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Merlin; Gereluk, Dianne; Kowch, Eugene

    2016-01-01

    The central tenet of this investigation is that educational institutions possess their own school identity. Acknowledging that school identity is influenced by institutional mechanisms and personal dynamics, we examine school identity in the context of 13 Alberta charter schools. Narratives of 73 educational stakeholders across the network of…

  3. Letter: The Athena SWAN Charter and Good Employment Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Julie Ashdown

    2008-01-01

    Both men and women benefit from good employment practice; however, women in particular are adversely affected by bad practice. UCL was one of ten founder members of the Athena SWAN Charter when it was launched in June 2005 to celebrate excellence, and to share good practice in the employment of women in academic science, engineering and technology, especially at senior levels.

  4. The Effects of a Team Charter on Student Team Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaron, Joshua R.; McDowell, William C.; Herdman, Andrew O.

    2014-01-01

    The authors contribute to growing evidence that team charters contribute positively to performance by empirically testing their effects on key team process outcomes. Using a sample of business students in a team-based task requiring significant cooperative and coordinative behavior, the authors compare emergent team norms under a variety of team…

  5. 76 FR 65750 - Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and... Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel. SUMMARY: Pursuant to sections 14(b)(1) and 9(c) of the Federal Advisory... of the NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel is in the public interest in connection with...

  6. Charter Schools: Lessons in School Reform. Topics in Educational Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouillette, Liane

    This book investigates the strengths and limitations of charter schools as an approach to reform by focusing on the day-to-day reality of students, teachers, administrators, and parents involved. Detailed case studies of seven schools are included. Seymour Sarason's work on the creation of settings provides the lens through which these schools are…

  7. Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momentum, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Provides the text for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People. This document is part of a special collection of resources in the journal that address sexual abuse and the growing number of both confirmed and alleged cases of pedophilia and sexual abuse within the Catholic Church. (RC)

  8. Catalyst Schools: The Catholic Ethos and Public Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proehl, Rebecca A.; Starnes, Heather; Everett, Shirley

    2015-01-01

    During the past decade, Catholic leaders have been exploring options to revitalize the faltering Catholic school system especially in urban centers. One route being explored by dioceses and religious orders is opening what have been called "religious charter schools." Though not technically religious schools, they integrate many of the…

  9. Texas Roundup: Charter Schooling in the Lone Star State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Nelson

    2005-01-01

    The Texas example illustrates the challenge faced by today's charter movement: how to meet growing demand while maintaining quality. Its considerable progress is sometimes obscured by headlines about the few schools at the top that generate enormous excitement and world-class achievement and the few at the bottom that use their autonomy for unwise…

  10. Does Dividend Tax Impede Competition for Corporate Charters?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lai, Tat-kei; Ng, Travis

    High dividend income tax in the U.S. can impede state competition in the market for corporate charters. We offer a model to formalize the mechanism through which dividend tax lowers the incentives for a state legislator to refrain from enacting takeover regulations. We test a key driver within th...

  11. Students with Disabilities in Charter Schools: What We Now Know

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the charter school movement in the United States and a synthesis of the findings of the studies that have been conducted for nearly a decade by the University of Maryland in collaboration with the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE). The research documents the evolution of…

  12. The Equity Project Charter School: Impacts on Student Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Furgeson; Moira McCullough; Clare Wolfendale; Brian Gill

    2014-01-01

    This report describes The Equity Project (TEP) charter school’s instructional and personnel strategies, examines the characteristics and attrition rates of TEP students, and measures TEP’s impacts on student achievement during the school’s first four years of operation.

  13. Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools. Working Paper #24

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsen, David; Ni, Yongmei

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread concern that administration consumes too much of the educational dollar in traditional public schools, diverting needed resources from classroom instruction and hampering efforts to improve student outcomes. By contrast, charter schools are predicted to have leaner administration and allocate resources more intensively to…

  14. A Comparison of the Perceptions of School Work Culture by Administrators and Faculty in the Public Charter and Non-Charter Elementary Schools of a Central Florida County

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quin, Wayne Anthony

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated perceptions of school work culture of instructional staff members (administrators and faculty) in public charter and public non-charter elementary schools in a large urban metropolitan county of Central Florida by assessing differences in perceptions of administrators and faculty related to school work culture, perceptions…

  15. Do charter schools crowd out private school enrollment? Evidence from Michigan

    OpenAIRE

    Chakrabarti, Rajashri; Roy, Joydeep

    2010-01-01

    Charter schools have been one of the most important dimensions of recent school reform measures in the United States. Currently, there are more than 4,500 charter schools spread across forty U.S. states and the District of Columbia. Though there have been numerous studies on the effects of charter schools, these have mostly been confined to analyzing the effects on student achievement, student demographic composition, parental satisfaction, and the competitive effects on regular public school...

  16. What Do Parents Want? Factors Affecting Parental Decisions in Charter School Enrollment

    OpenAIRE

    Delaney, Patrick Prescott

    2008-01-01

    As an avenue of educational reform and organizational restructuring within public education, school choice has gained in popularity over the last twenty years. The charter school movement, in particular, has enjoyed a high growth rate since its introduction in 1992. Advocates of charter schools claim the schoolsâ regulatory freedom and unique structure foster improved academic performance and educational success. However, the literature shows charter school studentsâ performance is typ...

  17. Case Studies ofEmerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i

    OpenAIRE

    Nina K. Buchanan; Fox, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    The fast growing charter school movement may be impeded if charter schools are perceived as a vehicle for stratifying, segregating, and balkanizing an already ethnically, socio-economically divided population. This article defines ethnocentric schools and describes three Native Hawai'ian charter schools. While they are very different in curricula and in emphasis on the Hawai'ian language and other features, they all have strong community support and a high degree of parental involvement and h...

  18. Chartered teachers matter: envisioning their future as leaders of learning

    OpenAIRE

    Hudson, Brian

    2012-01-01

    This report traces the development of the Chartered Teacher Scheme (CTS) using an approach based on documentary analysis of reports published during the last 10 years. It places this significant and far-sighted policy initiative, which was an important pillar in A Teaching Profession for the 21st Century (2001), within a wider international context in which the “Scottish approach” has been recognised as being at the forefront of quality improvement in schools. Central to this h...

  19. Standard Chartered Bank: Women on Corporate Boards in India 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Banerji, A.; Mahtani, S.; Sealy, Ruth; Vinnicombe, Susan

    2010-01-01

    This first Standard Chartered Bank: Women on Corporate Boards in India 2010 report looks at the representation of women on the boards of India's leading companies on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE-100) . It ranks the companies in terms of the gender diversity of their boards, with those with the highest percentage of women on their boards appearing at the top. The report also examines the general topic of gender diversity on the boards of the BSE-100 by presenting the findin...

  20. Organizational Culture : a case study of standard chartered (Vietnam) Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Kien Doan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to understand the definition of organizational culture and examine organizational culture of Standard Chartered Bank (Vietnam) Ltd (SCB). Organizational culture has become a interesting topic. The company now are aware of its important role as a competitive advantage. The thesis will go though definitions of various researcher to find out the common understanding. A few methods of approaching organizational culture are considered to find a prooer framework for ca...

  1. A welfare analysis of Canadian chartered bank mergers

    OpenAIRE

    James McIntosh

    2002-01-01

    An econometric model of Canada's five largest banks is estimated using time series data from 1976 to 1996. The principal findings are that chartered bank technology is characterized by increasing returns to scale. Scale efficiency is sufficiently large to offset the consequences of reduced competition that might have arisen from a merger between Bank of Montreal and Royal Bank of Canada, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and Toronto Dominion Bank, or both. The estimated model predicts that a...

  2. 75 FR 33631 - Office of the Secretary: Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... Office of the Secretary: Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter AGENCY: Office of the... Secretary of the Interior has renewed the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council) charter... Council will represent the interests of the sport fishing and boating constituencies and industries...

  3. 76 FR 48863 - Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS AGENCY: Department..., Office of HIV/ AIDS Policy. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Health and Human Services is hereby giving notice that the charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS (PACHA;...

  4. 78 FR 49755 - Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS AGENCY: Office of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Disease Policy, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Office of the... Human Services is hereby giving notice that the charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on...

  5. Charter school education in Texas: Student achievement on the exit level assessment in math and science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Jeffery E.

    Public schools in the state of Texas are held accountable for performance and quality of education. Accountability is important to all schools, but it is critical to open-enrollment charter schools to remain in good standing. The current economic situation in Texas public education has brought attention as well as the need for alternative education programs such as charter schools. It is of the utmost importance for charter schools to illustrate that they are meeting the academic needs of the target market. This study addressed student achievement, as well as expenditure per student in both charter schools and traditional schools in the Region 10 educational service center. The datum for the study were obtained from the Texas Education Agency (TEA) website, specifically the Academic Excellence Indicator System Data (AEIS) files for the 2011-2012. The study sample included 30 open-enrollment charters schools and 30 traditional high schools within the Region 10 educational service center during the school year of 2011-2012. The research study determined significant statistical differences between open-enrollment charter schools and traditional high schools. The potential for the study was to gain additional knowledge and insight along with additional data for the open-enrollment charter schools and traditional schools in the Region 10 Educational Service Center. The study has potentially increased the information for researchers and practitioners in education. In addition this study has proved charter schools are a viable and an effective educational tool for the future.

  6. The Impact of Charter Schools on Public and Private School Enrollments. Policy Analysis. No. 707

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddin, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Charter schools are publicly funded schools that have considerable independence from public school districts in their curriculum development and staffing decisions, and their enrollments have increased substantially over the past two decades. Charter schools are changing public and private school enrollment patterns across the United States. This…

  7. Legal and Policy Issues Regarding Niche Charter Schools: Race, Religion, Culture, and the Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckes, Suzanne E.; Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.

    2011-01-01

    A growing number of ethnocentric or culturally oriented niche charter schools have opened around the country. These ethnic or culture-oriented models raise legal and policy concerns about church/state entanglement as well as concerns about diversity. Indeed, there has already been litigation focused on racial and ethnic aspects of charter schools…

  8. Academic Optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, and Student Achievement at Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guvercin, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs), and student achievement in college preparatory charter schools. A purposeful sample of elementary school teachers from college preparatory charter schools (N = 226) in southeast Texas was solicited to complete the…

  9. "It's Our Best Choice Right Now": Exploring How Charter School Parents Choose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villavicencio, Adriana

    2013-01-01

    One of the underlying premises of the charter school movement is that quality drives consumer choice. As educational consumers, parents are viewed as rational actors who, if given the choice, will select better performing school. In examining the choice processes of charter school parents, however, this study calls into question the extent to…

  10. Civic Fragmentation or Voluntary Association? Habermas, Fraser, and Charter School Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Terri S.

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, Terri Wilson puts the argument developed by Kathleen Knight Abowitz that charter schools could be considered as counterpublic spaces into interaction with empirical research that explores patterns of voluntary self-segregation in charter schools. Wilson returns to the theoretical tension between Jurgen Habermas and Nancy Fraser over…

  11. The Revolution Will Be Privatized: Teach for America and Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretchmar, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the ways that the charter school movement is experienced and negotiated by educators who entered the profession through Teach For America (TFA). TFA's impact has been significant in the larger educational trend towards market-based reforms and, in particular, the charter school movement. Analyzed through a critical…

  12. Seeking Common Ground: Early Lessons in District-Charter School Collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Moira McCullough; Luke Heinkel; Betsy Keating

    2015-01-01

    This document is an issue brief to accompany a longer report examining the implementation of district-charter collaboration grants funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The issue brief summarizes the key findings, including promising practices facilitating district-charter collaboration, areas for improvement, and suggestions for improving implementation going forward.

  13. Urban School Choice and Integration: The Effect of Charter Schools in Little Rock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Gary W.; Jensen, Nathan C.; Kisida, Brian; Bowen, Daniel H.

    2016-01-01

    We examine the impact of charter schools on school integration in the Little Rock, Arkansas metropolitan area. We find that charters are less likely to be hyper-segregated than traditional public schools (TPS), but TPS have compositions more closely reflecting the region. However, differences in each case are slight. Using student-level data to…

  14. 78 FR 55114 - Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter; Notice of Intent To Renew

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... needs of American Indians and Native Americans, as well as enhance the quality of life in accordance... Employment and Training Administration Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter... to Renew the Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter. SUMMARY: Notice...

  15. Work Environments and Labor Markets: Explaining Principal Turnover Gap between Charter Schools and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Min; Ni, Yongmei

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Knowledge about principals' leadership roles in charter schools' success has become more important as the number of charter schools increases and as we have learned more about the influence of principal leadership on school effectiveness. To contribute to the limited empirical literature on the principal labor market, this study explores…

  16. Examining Charter School Policy and Public School District Resource Allocation in Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linick, Matthew A.

    2016-01-01

    This project focuses on the competitive pressure, or the threat of competitive pressure, generated by charter school policy. This paper uses longitudinal district-level data and multiple quasi-experimental designs to examine the relationship between two Ohio charter school policies and changes in public school district instructional resource…

  17. 75 FR 22560 - Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter... that it is renewing the charter for the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (hereafter referred to... an intermittent basis to work specific Board-related efforts, and shall have no voting rights....

  18. A Meta-Analysis of the Literature on the Effect of Charter Schools on Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, Julian R.; Tang, Y. Emily

    2016-01-01

    Charter schools represent an increasingly important form of school choice in the United States. Charter schools are public schools, with a difference. Compared to traditional public schools, they are exempted from some of the state laws and regulations that govern traditional public schools. In this way, parents come to have a greater number of…

  19. Beyond the Schoolhouse Door: How Charter Schools Are Transforming U.S. Public Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manno, Bruno V.; Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Vanourek, Greg

    2000-01-01

    Discusses evolutionary stages in the education establishment's reaction to charter schools: stopping them cold, keeping them few and weak, competing with them, and accepting and using them. Charters are not revolutionary. They embody three time-tested features: community rootedness; resemblance to magnet and alternative schools; and institutional…

  20. 76 FR 64122 - NASA Advisory Committee; Renewal of NASA's International Space Station Advisory Committee Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION NASA Advisory Committee; Renewal of NASA's International Space Station Advisory Committee Charter AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of renewal... imposed on NASA by law. The renewed Charter is for a one-year period ending September 30, 2012. It...

  1. From Policy to Practice: Implementation of the Legislative Objectives of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barghaus, Katherine M.; Boe, Erling E.

    2011-01-01

    Key legislative objectives of charter schools are to provide more school and classroom options, increase teacher influence over decision making, and increase school autonomy from state and district policy. Using national data from the 2003-4 School and Staffing Survey, we found that charter schools attained these legislative objectives when…

  2. A Closer Look at Charter Schools and Segregation: Flawed Comparisons Lead to Overstated Conclusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Gary; Jensen, Nathan; Kisida, Brian; McGee, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    In January 2010, the UCLA-based Civil Rights Project (CRP) released "Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards." The study intended to report on, among other things, levels of racial segregation in charter schools across the United States. The authors use 2007-08 data from the U.S. Department of…

  3. "Are We Architects or Construction Workers?" Re-Examining Teacher Autonomy and Turnover in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, A. Chris

    2014-01-01

    Charter school teachers nationwide expressed greater autonomy compared to traditional public school teachers at the turn of the century. But is this trend changing? The recent proliferation of Charter Management Organizations (CMOs), which often have prescriptive organizational models, has raised questions around how teachers perceive autonomy and…

  4. Understanding Measures of School Success: A Study of a Wisconsin Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickles, Rachel L.

    2010-01-01

    Widespread dissatisfaction with traditional public schools has lead to the development of charter schools. Under the terms of a charter, schools are granted increased autonomy in areas such as financial management, organizational structure, and curriculum. This study investigated the factors that lead to the success of one individual charter…

  5. 75 FR 22559 - Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal AGENCY... the charter for the Air University Board of Visitors (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER... activities of Air University. The Board shall: a. Review and evaluate the progress of the...

  6. 75 FR 38758 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... (75 FR 13024). IPHC regulations affecting sport fishing for halibut and charter vessels in IPHC Areas... rule implementing the program on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS will issue a... FR 554, January 5, 2010), the angler endorsement assigned to a charter halibut permit for...

  7. 75 FR 56903 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... measures pursuant to 50 CFR 300.62. The most recent IPHC regulations were published March 18, 2010 (75 FR... January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS will issue a charter halibut permit to a licensed... limited access program (75 FR 554, January 5, 2010), the angler endorsement assigned to a charter...

  8. Charter of the United Nations and statute of the International Court of Justice

    CERN Document Server

    United Nations. New York. Department of Public Information

    1993-01-01

    The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

  9. Unlocking the Secrets of High-Performing Charters: Tight Management and "No Excuses"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyser, James A.

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools are approaching the ripe old age of 20. Although more work remains if one is to fully understand this complex education reform "movement," a growing body of data and research is being compiled about its strengths, weaknesses, and impact. An important subset of the charter school sector is just now receiving a similar level of…

  10. Considering Legal Identity as a Critical Variable of Interest in Charter Schools Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen; Lange, Cheryl

    2006-01-01

    Fifteen years ago charter schools were considered a radical addition to the public education landscape. Today they present a viable educational choice in 40 states and the District of Columbia. Much has been written about charter schools, their purpose, effectiveness, and future. However, to date, much of the dialogue has focused on ideology and…

  11. Special Education in Charter Schools: The View from State Education Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Cheryl M.; Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.

    2008-01-01

    Charter schools, although a stage for potential educational reform and innovation, remain subject to federal laws regarding the education of students with disabilities. As they intersect with federal law, the variance of state charter laws and policy surrounding the provision of special education creates a challenging context for helping charters…

  12. 12 CFR 715.6 - Audit of Federally-insured State-chartered credit unions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.6 Audit of Federally-insured... Committee audit responsibility, a federally-insured State-chartered credit union having total assets of $500... Committee audit responsibility, a federally-insured State-chartered credit union having total assets of...

  13. Charter Schools as Nation Builders: Democracy Prep and Civic Education. Policy Brief 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lautzenheiser, Daniel; Kelly, Andrew P.

    2013-01-01

    This policy brief is the first in a series of in-depth case studies exploring how top-performing charter schools have incorporated civic learning in their school curriculum and school culture. This paper introduces Democracy Prep, a network of seven public charter schools with a civic mission at its core. Democracy Prep's founder and…

  14. The Strategic Management of Charter Schools: Frameworks and Tools for Educational Entrepreneurs. Educational Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frumkin, Peter; Manno, Bruno V.; Edgington, Nell

    2011-01-01

    "The Strategic Management of Charter Schools" addresses the challenges facing such schools by mapping out, in straightforward and highly pragmatic terms, a management framework for them. The first charter school law in the United States was enacted in Minnesota in 1991. In the twenty years since that modest beginning, the movement has burgeoned…

  15. Innovative Education? A Test of Specialist Mimicry or Generalist Assimilation in Trends in Charter School Specialization over Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renzulli, Linda A.; Barr, Ashley B.; Paino, Maria

    2015-01-01

    By most media accounts, charter schools are innovative schools. But little empirical work interrogates this idea. We examine the growth and decline of specialist charter school mission statements as one indicator of innovation. In line with theories of resource partitioning, we find that specialist charter school missions--those asserting…

  16. Equity at Scale: How Public Charter School Networks Can Innovate and Improve Services for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, Paul T.; Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2015-01-01

    When public charter schools first opened in the early 1990s, each was unique and independent. But as successful public charter schools continued to grow and expand their impact beyond a single site, and as organizations developed school designs that could be implemented at multiple locations, networks of public charter schools emerged. The public…

  17. Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation Selección sin equidad: Segregación escolar en las escuelas charter Escolha sem equidade: Segregação escolar nas escolas charter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Frankenberg

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The political popularity of charter schools is unmistakable. This article explores the relationship between charter schools and segregation across the country, in 40 states, the District of Columbia, and several dozen metropolitan areas with large enrollments of charter school students in 2007-08. The descriptive analysis of the charter school enrollment is aimed at understanding the enrollment and characteristics of charter school students and the extent to which charter school students are segregated, including how charter school segregation compare to students in traditional public schools.  This article examines these questions at different levels, aggregating school-level enrollment to explore patterns among metropolitan areas, states, and the nation using three national datasets.  Our findings suggest that charters currently isolate students by race and class. This analysis of recent data finds that charter schools are more racially isolated than traditional public schools in

  18. Solving Complex Problems to Create Charter Extension Options

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tippmann, Esther; Nell, Phillip Christopher

    solution search, or activities to reconcile the need for some solution features to be locally-tailored while others can be internationally standardized, mediates the relationships between problem complexity/headquarters involvement and the capacity to create advanced solutions. An analysis of 67 projects......This study examines subsidiary-driven problem solving processes and their potential to create advanced solutions for charter extension options. Problem solving theory suggests that biases in problem formulation and solution search can confine problem solving potential. We thus argue that balanced...

  19. The Earth Charter Goes Interactive and Live with e-GLO: Using New Media to Train Youth Leaders in Sustainability on Both Sides of the Digital Divide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, Mike; Laitinen, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    For ten years now the Earth Charter has been inspiring global citizens to engage in conversations and actions that benefit everybody. This article describes e-GLO, the Earth Charter Global Learning Opportunity, the Earth Charter International's semester-long, online leadership course inspired by the Earth Charter. It is developed and implemented…

  20. THE CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND TURKISH LABOUR MIGRATION

    OpenAIRE

    Gönül OĞUZ

    2015-01-01

    The right to freedom to move is guaranteed by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU). The Charter contains the fundamental principles derived from the Treaty of Rome (1957) as the basis of the Community Law. The achievement of this freedom between the member states is expected to enhance the degree of European citizens‟ satisfaction with the principles of liberty, equality and co-operation as universal values. Yet for all that, the Charter takes a „non-ideological approa...

  1. The learning climate of chartered quantity surveying practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lowe

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on a fully structured interview survey investigating the relationship between the learning climate of chartered quantity surveying practices and individual learning styles, approaches to learning, ability, measures of length of service and the size of the quantity surveying organisation. The results indicate that the learning environment is generally supportive in terms of human support, but less supportive in terms of staff development systems; as individuals rise in the hierarchy of an organisation, their perception of its ability to provide an appropriate learning environment increases. Likewise, perceptions of human support and working practices within organisations increase significantly with length of time in the profession; larger organisations have more advanced staff development systems but provide less human support; and the learning environment both overall and in terms of working practices correlates positively with learning styles and approaches to learning.

  2. To Learn and To Belong: Case Studies of Emerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Nina K.; Fox, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    Describes ethnocentric schools and three Native Hawaiian charter schools, all of which have strong community support, high parental involvement, and access to funds available only for Native Hawaiian programs. Discusses implications for U.S. education in general. (SLD)

  3. 75 FR 29533 - National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY... to the ] Administrator of EPA on a broad range of environmental policy, technology and...

  4. Charter School Entry in Market Equilibrium: The Case of Washington, DC

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Ferreyra; Brett Gordon; Dennis Epple

    2011-01-01

    We develop and estimate a structural model of charter school entry. In this model, charter schools offer an alternative to neighborhood public schools. In the model’s first stage, the potential entrant chooses his/her physical location and characteristics based on the perceived opportunities not exploited by conventional public schools. In the second stage, students choose among the available schools. We estimate the model using data for the DC school district. We use our parameter estimates ...

  5. Market Discipline and Bank Charter Value: The Case of Two Safe Banking Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Haq, Mamiza; Tarazi, Amine; Avkiran, Necmi; Fonceca, Ana Rosa

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the relationship between market discipline and bank charter value using a panel dataset of publicly-listed domestic banks in Australia and Canada over the 1995-2011 periods, with particular focus on the 2007/2008 global financial crisis (GFC). Overall, our results show a positive relationship between market discipline and bank charter value, although this has reduced in the post-GFC period. Furthermore, our findings reveal that in the presence of market discipline, bank ca...

  6. The glass ceiling: cracked but not broken? evidence from a study of chartered accountants

    OpenAIRE

    Monks, Kathy; Barker, Patricia

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of the second stage of research into the career progression of chartered accountants which is focusing in particular on the careers experienced by women. The paper includes a description of hours of work, remuneration and perceived success factors in accountancy, before considering the impact of domestic responsibilities on the work/home interface. Finally, the qualities considered important by chartered accountants in their profession are evalu...

  7. PROCEDURAL RELATIONS OF THE PROSECUTOR AND THE INVESTIGATOR ACCORDING TO CHARTER OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, 1864

    OpenAIRE

    Tushev A. A.; Kudin F. M.; Vasechkina A. V.

    2015-01-01

    This article "The Procedural relations of the Prosecutor and the investigator according to Charter of criminal proceedings 1864" is devoted to the investigation of some historical aspects of criminal and legal proceedings of the Prosecutor and the investigator according to Charter of criminal proceedings 1864. It discusses the Prosecutor’s and the investigator’s functions and competency in comparison with the current criminal procedure legislation, there is continuity of many of the provision...

  8. Indigenous Communities: A Way of Living that puts the Earth Charter into Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Ovares-Barquero; Isabel Torres-Salas

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to draw attention to the role that indigenous communities have historically fulfilled by practicing the values proposed in the Earth Charter upon its ancestral construction. The intention is to reflect on the fact that the principles stated in the Earth Charter have been intrinsically performed by these groups on a daily basis. That is, these groups become a role model because they respect life in all its diverse forms, promoting a democratic, participative, sustainable, and p...

  9. Empowering people to be healthier: public health nutrition through the Ottawa Charter

    OpenAIRE

    Flynn, Mary A. T.

    2015-01-01

    The WHO's Ottawa Charter highlights five priority areas for taking action in public health. Only one of them is at the individual level as action at more upstream intervention levels, such as community or policy levels, is critical for enabling individuals to succeed. The objective of the present paper is to give insight into the many complex processes involved in public health nutrition by describing the Ottawa Charter's five priority areas for taking action using public health nutrition ini...

  10. The Society for Radiological Protection: incorporated by Royal Charter. How it was achieved

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Society for Radiological Protection (the Society) began to consider the potential for incorporation by Royal Charter, an important goal for many professional bodies in the UK, in the mid-1980s. Impetus grew during the 1990s; contributing to this in 1998 was the Society's new status as direct UK IRPA associate. In 2002, to emphasise that the Society is active over all sectors of radiation protection, sectorial committees were established, dealing with professional interests in the component sectors. Application for a Charter begins with a Memorandum to Her Majesty the Queen's Privy Council Office (PCO) with details of the Society, its achievements and why grant of a Charter would be in the public interest. The Society prepared a Memorandum and submitted it to the PCO in 2003. In 2004, the application was declined for several reasons, which were then considered. Contacts in Government Departments were briefed on the Society's activities. The Society and the Institute of Radiation Protection (IRP) had been considering amalgamation, and in 2005 the annual general meetings of the Society and IRP agreed to proposals for a merger. A new Memorandum was submitted to the PCO in 2005, and early in 2006 it was accepted. It was then necessary to draft a Charter and a Petition to HM the Queen in Council. One of the opportunities incorporated in the Charter is the provision to award the title 'Chartered Radiation Protection Professional' with the post-nominal letters 'CRadP' to suitable members. Draft documents were presented to the Society's 2007 annual general meeting, and passed through Society's governance procedures. Public consultation by the PCO took place during summer 2007. On 10 October 2007 an order granting a Charter of Incorporation was approved at the Privy Council held by the Queen. The Charter was presented to the Society on 11 December 2007. (author)

  11. The Society for Radiological Protection - incorporated by Royal Charter. How it was achieved

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Society for Radiological Protection (the Society) began to consider the potential for incorporation by Royal Charter, an important goal for many professional bodies in the UK, in the mid-1980s. Impetus grew during the 1990s; contributing to this in 1998 was the Society's new status as direct UK IRPA associate. In 2002, to emphasise that the Society is active over all sectors of radiation protection, sectorial committees were established, dealing with professional interests in the component sectors. Application for a Charter begins with a Memorandum to Her Majesty the Queen's Privy Council Office (PCO) with details of the Society, its achievements and why grant of a Charter would be in the public interest. The Society prepared a Memorandum and submitted it to the PCO in 2003. In 2004, the application was declined for several reasons, which were then considered. Contacts in Government Departments were briefed on the Society's activities. The Society and the Institute of Radiation Protection (IRP) had been considering amalgamation, and in 2005 the annual general meetings of the Society and IRP agreed to proposals for a merger. A new Memorandum was submitted to the PCO in 2005, and early in 2006 it was accepted. It was then necessary to draft a Charter and a Petition to HM the Queen in Council. One of the opportunities incorporated in the Charter is the provision to award the title 'Chartered Radiation Protection Professional' with the post-nominal letters 'CRadP' to suitable members. Draft documents were presented to the Society's 2007 annual general meeting, and passed through Society's governance procedures. Public consultation by the PCO took place during summer 2007. On 10 October 2007 an order granting a Charter of Incorporation was approved at the Privy Council held by the Queen. The Charter was presented to the Society on 11 December 2007. (author)

  12. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Holmes Finch; Dan Lapsley; Mary Baker-Boudissa

    2009-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysis model was used to identify significant predictors of student mobility within and from a state charter school system, using factors at both the st...

  13.   ADOPTION OF INTERNET BANKING FROM A CUSTOMERS' PERSPECTIVE IN GHANA(The study of Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi)

    OpenAIRE

    Konlaan, Leedip Boinkum; Boasiako, Justice Antwi

    2009-01-01

      COURSE: Master Thesis in Business Administration 15 ECTS Research problem To what extent do customers' at Standard Chartered Bank in Kumasi adopt internet banking? Purpose of the study The purpose of this study is to explore barriers and drivers to the adoption of internet banking among customers at the Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi. Research Question Are customers at Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi aware of the existence of internet services in their bank? What factors may motivate Standa...

  14. Foreign state assistance in enforcing the right to self-determination under the African Charter: Gunme & Ors v. Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Enonchong, Nelson

    2002-01-01

    The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (African Charter) allows any state party that has good reason to believe that another state party has violated the provisions of the Charter to make a complaint (communication) to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (African Commission). But, in spite of persistent reports of widespread human rights violations in Africa, there is no evidence that state parties make use of this procedure to report each other to the African Commis...

  15. Charter and Party Boat Operators in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico: A Social Structure Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Gill, Duane A.; Ditton, Robert B.; Holland, Stephen M.

    1993-01-01

    To better address the charter and party boat fishery needs in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, fishery managers must understand the linkages between the industry and other groups and organizations that affect its success. Gulf state charter and party boat operators were interviewed to ascertain the extent of their social network linkages, membership in community organizations, business community relationships, and linkages to information sources. Approximately one-third to one-half of the charter and...

  16. Founders and Financially Affiliated Directors on Charter School Boards and Their Impact on Financial Performance and Academic Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Charisse A. Gulosin; Elif Sisli-Ciamarra

    2012-01-01

    This study uses a hand-collected dataset for charter school boards in Massachusetts between 2001 and 2009 to examine the relationship between financial performance and the presence of founders and financially affiliated directors. School-level financial performance suggests that founder presence on a board has a negative effect on both financial and academic performance of a charter school. On the other hand, the presence of financially affiliated directors on the charter school governing boa...

  17. Government chartered banks step up oil and gas lending

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    International government chartered banks are playing an increasingly prominent role in lending for world oil and gas development projects. The main players are the World Bank's International Finance Corp. (IFC), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), US Export-Import Bank, and Overseas Private Investment Corp. (OPIC). Those institutions and similar ones are the catalysts for a large number of projects in the former Soviet Union (FSU) and in other nations that are seeking to develop oil and gas resources and build processing plants, pipelines, and distribution networks. Banks also are taking a greater degree of interest in the environmental aspects of projects. In country after country, especially in the developing world, barriers to foreign investment in domestic petroleum sectors are falling. Oil and gas law reforms are under way on each continent. The paper discusses the major players, the World Bank grouped, the Romanian example, the Ex-Im Bank, OPIC, the emphasis on FSU, environmental issues, and new sources of capital in developing countries

  18. The Energy Charter Treaty and Related Documents. A Legal Framework for International Energy Cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Energy Charter Treaty is a unique instrument for the promotion of international cooperation in the energy sector. Following its entry into force on 16 April 1998, the Treaty, together with the related documents contained in this booklet, provides an important legal basis for the creation of an open international energy market. The Charter process includes the countries of the enlarged European Union, Central and Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, Central Asia and the Caucasus, as well as Japan, Australia and Mongolia. The Treaty remains open for accession by all countries committed to observance of its principles. It is very positive in this regard that states such as China, Iran, South Korea and the countries of ASEAN are taking a close interest in the Charter process, thus opening up the prospect of a further extension of its geographical scope. The primary challenge facing the constituent members of the Energy Charter process in the coming years will be that of ensuring full implementation of the Treaty's commitments. This will entail increased focus on multilateral cooperation over transit, trade, investments, environmental protection and energy efficiency. By continuing to build on its existing work in these areas, the Charter process stands ready to play a key role in translating the aim of a truly open non-discriminatory energy market into reality. This publication reproduces the text of the following documents: Final Act of the European Energy Charter Conference with all Annexes thereto, as opened for signature in Lisbon on 17 December 1994 and corrected by the Protocol of Correction of 2 August 1996; the Chairman's Statement at Adoption Session on 17 December 1994, as reported in the Note from the Secretariat 42/94 CONF 115; the Joint Memorandum of the Delegations of the Russian Federation and the European Communities on Nuclear Trade, as reported in the Note from the Secretariat 42/94 CONF 115; the Concluding Document of the Hague Conference on

  19. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holmes Finch

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysis model was used to identify significant predictors of student mobility within and from a state charter school system, using factors at both the student and school levels. Results indicated that initial student achievement upon first entering a charter school, student ethnicity, participation in a Title I funded program, and average years of teacher experience at the school were all associated with the decision to leave the charter. Specifically, students with higher initial achievement scores, those eligible for Title 1 services, and non-Caucasian students were more likely to leave charter schools prematurely. In addition, schools with a more experienced faculty had lower early departure rates than did those with less experienced teachers.

  20. Consequences of Team Charter Quality: Teamwork Mental Model Similarity and Team Viability in Engineering Design Student Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway Hughston, Veronica

    2014-01-01

    Since 1996 ABET has mandated that undergraduate engineering degree granting institutions focus on learning outcomes such as professional skills (i.e. solving unstructured problems and working in teams). As a result, engineering curricula were restructured to include team based learning--including team charters. Team charters were diffused into…

  1. Circles of Influence: Rational Decision-Making, Strategic Positioning, and the Formation of Charter School Clusters in New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Entremont, Chad

    2012-01-01

    A major focus of charter school research has been the potential impact of increased school choice on student sorting by race/ethnicity and socio-economic status. Researchers have argued that charter schools may increase segregation by allowing families to separate into more homogeneous school communities. Yet surprisingly, little attention has…

  2. Study of the Relationship between Self-Reported Leadership Styles of Charter School Principals and Their Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizor, John O.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study, using the three-way repeated measures ANOVA, was to identify certain leadership styles used by effective and ineffective charter high school principals that impact the students' academic achievement. Principal ratings and school demographic characteristics were gathered from 19 charter schools. The…

  3. 76 FR 16469 - Application of Air Charter, Inc. D/B/A Air Flamenco for Commuter Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Application of Air Charter, Inc. D/B/A Air Flamenco for Commuter Authority AGENCY... it should not issue an order finding Air Charter, Inc. d/b/a Air Flamenco fit, willing, and able,...

  4. Empowerment, Leadership, and Teachers' Intentions to Stay in or Leave the Profession or Their Schools in North Carolina Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndoye, Abdou; Imig, Scott R.; Parker, Michele A.

    2010-01-01

    Teacher attrition and migration plague many American schools. The situation is even more dire in charter schools across the country. On average, teacher attrition is 15 to 40% higher in charter schools than in traditional schools. This study examined the relationships among teacher empowerment, school leadership, and intentions to stay in or leave…

  5. The Authorizer and Charter School Closures: Exercising Adaptive Leadership to Protect the Public Interest. Authorizer Issue Brief. Number 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geyer, Veronica

    2005-01-01

    Part and parcel of a charter school authorizer's oversight responsibility is the unenviable task of closing a school that fails to pass muster. As with most challenges that authorizers face, closing a charter school can be a complex task; executing a closure decision can entail a web of issues that the prudent authorizer must unravel carefully.…

  6. The Muzzled Dog That Didn't Bark: Charters and the Behavioral Response of D.C. Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Margaret D.; Campbell, Dean B.; Kisida, Brian

    2008-01-01

    As of the 2006-2007 school year, 19,733 students attended charter schools in the District of Columbia, representing over a quarter of the District's total public school student population and one of the largest charter school markets in the country. It is under such circumstances, some suggest, that choice will spur competition, ultimately…

  7. Laboratories of Reform? Human Resource Management Strategies in Illinois Charter Schools. Policy Research: IERC 2016-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Bradford R.

    2016-01-01

    Charter schools are publicly-funded educational entities that operate independently from local school districts and are exempt from certain state and local requirements, particularly with regard to teacher personnel policy. In exchange for this flexibility, charter schools are held more accountable for results and may be shut down if they fail to…

  8. Charter Schools as a Vehicle for Education Reform: Implementation and Outcomes at Three Inner-City Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Aaron J.; Ross, Steven M.; Bol, Linda; McSparrin-Gallagher, Brenda

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the impact of 3 2nd-year charter schools (1 elementary, 1 middle, and 1 high school) on student achievement, school climate, and pedagogy. All schools served predominantly African American students in an inner-city district. Using a matched treatment-control student analytical design, charter school enrollees were individually…

  9. Implementing Project-Based Learning to Create "Authentic" Sources: The Egyptological Excavation and Imperial Scrapbook Projects at the Cape Cod Lighthouse Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garran, Daniella K.

    2008-01-01

    Chartered in 1994 and opened in 1996, the Cape Cod Lighthouse Charter School (CCLCS) was among the first charter schools in Massachusetts. CCLCS strives to foster "intellectual development, academic achievement, project based learning, interdisciplinary studies, community partnerships, environmental studies, global awareness, and an ethical…

  10. The international charter for space and major disasters--project manager training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    Regional Project Managers for the Charter are developed through training courses, which typically last between 3 and 5 days and are held in a central location for participants. These courses have resulted in increased activations and broader use of Charter data and information by local emergency management authorities. Project Managers are nominated according to either their regional affiliation or their specific areas of expertise. A normal activation takes 2 to 3 weeks to complete, with all related expenses the responsibility of the PM's home agency.

  11. From Wellhead to Market. Oil Pipeline Tariffs and Tariff Methodologies in Selected Energy Charter Member Countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freedom of energy transit is an important element of the Energy Charter process. The Energy Charter Treaty obliges its member countries to facilitate energy transit on a nondiscriminatory basis, and to refrain from imposing unreasonable delays, restrictions or charges on energy in transit. A main focus for the Energy Charter process has been the conditions for transit of natural gas. Tariffs, along with access to energy transit infrastructure, are the basis of free transit. To examine gas transit flows and tariff methodologies, the Energy Charter Secretariat published a study on gas transit tariffs in selected Energy Charter member countries in January 2006. This report follows on from the gas tariff study and examines oil transit flows and oil transit tariffs. The Energy Charter constituency in the land-locked part of the Eurasian continent has the world's largest oil pipeline system, which was originally built during the Soviet era. After collapse of the Soviet Union the pipeline system was divided into separate parts by emergence of new borders, and oil transported by the pipeline now has to cross multiple borders before it reaches its destination. The main objectives of this study are; to review transit tariff methodologies for existing and new oil transit pipeline systems across selected member countries of the Energy Charter; to compare transit tariff regimes with those for domestic transport; and to assess the overall consistency of these transit tariffs vis-a-vis the provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty and draft Transit Protocol. Geographically, this study covers the following key oil transit countries; in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia: the Russian Federation, Belarus, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Georgia; and in Western Europe: France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Norway and the UK. Chapter 3 gives a brief review on main domestic and cross-border oil flows in the countries examined. Chapter 4 describes essential technical

  12. A Co-integration Approach to Forecasting Container Carriers' Time Charter Rates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fei-er; ZHANG Ren-yi

    2008-01-01

    A vector autoregressive model was developed for a sample of container carrier time charter rates.Although the series of time charter rates are themselves found non-stationary, thus precluding the use of manymodeling methodologies, evidence provided by co-integration tests points to the existence of stable long-termrelationships between the series. An assessment of the forecasts derived from the model suggests that the spec-ification of these long-term relationships does not improve the accuracy of long-term forecasts. These resultsare interpreted as a corroboration of the efficient market hypothesis.

  13. U.S. Geological Survey disaster response and the International Charter for space and major disasters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stryker, Timothy S.; Jones, Brenda K.

    2010-01-01

    In 1999, an international consortium of space agencies conceived and approved a mechanism to provide satellite information in support of worldwide disaster relief. This group came to be known as the 'International Charter?Space and Major Disasters' and has become an important resource for the use of satellite data to evaluate and provide support for response to natural and man-made disasters. From the Charter's formative days in 1999, its membership has grown to 10 space organizations managing more than 20 earth-observing satellites.

  14. Right Product, Wrong Packaging: Not 'Constitution', but 'Constitutional Charter'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Law

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to locate the principal cause of Europe’s prevailing ratification crisis in the inappropriate title arrived at in the European Convention, Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe. This over-ambitious styling led the media to characterise the text as simply an ‘EU Constitution’. Yet, the text was not a Constitution as we traditionally understand the term, i.e. the founding document of a State: scholars are agreed that the EU is not, and will not become upon ratification, a State.In terms of substance, whilst the text certainly strengthened some emerging constitutional aspects, it was not a major departure from the status quo like the Single European Act and Treaty on European Union had been; and it remained technically a treaty like all its predecessors. Arguably, therefore, it did not require referenda to ratify. However, confusion over the scale and importance of what was proposed, stemming from ambiguity in the title, pushed politicians down this unfortunate path.The article identifies a high level of consensus among commentators as to the true nature of the text: most are happy designating it a treaty (noun with constitutional (adjective aspects. The early proposed title Constitutional Treaty for Europe was arguably, therefore, the correct one; but it is now too late to choose this option, as the terms Constitution and Constitutional Treaty have already been muddled in debate. A more distinctive change is required. One idea could be to follow the principle employed elsewhere in the text of codifying the generally accepted but presently unwritten legal concepts of the European Court of Justice, as was done for example for ‘primacy’ and ‘direct effect’. The Court has characterised the EU treaties as a ‘constitutional charter’ for over twenty years now, and on this basis a modified title could read Treaty Establishing a Constitutional Charter for Europe. Importantly, the term ‘charter’ is recognised

  15. 75 FR 553 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... regulations were published March 19, 2009, at 74 FR 11681. IPHC regulations affecting sport fishing for... Register on March 19, 2009 (74 FR 11681). IPHC regulations affecting sport fishing for halibut and charter... sections 3, 25, and 28 (74 FR 11681, March 19, 2009). The Halibut Act, at sections 773c(a) and...

  16. 77 FR 63337 - Renewal of Charter of Advisory Committee on Actuarial Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES Renewal of Charter of Advisory Committee on Actuarial Examinations AGENCY: Joint... Committee on Actuarial Examinations. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Patrick McDonough, 202-622-8225... advise the Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries (Joint Board) on examinations in...

  17. Tearing down the Walls: Cyber Charter Schools and the Public Endorsement of Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cambre, Belinda M.

    2009-01-01

    States have the ability to regulate cyber charter schools just as they regulate traditional schools, private schools, and homeschooling. The situation becomes trickier in terms of religion. In homeschool settings, parents have the right to deliver religious education to their children. Under "Zelman v. Simmons-Harris" (2002), a cyber charter…

  18. Charter versus Traditional Public Schools: A Panel Study of the Technical Efficiency in Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palardy, Joseph; Nesbit, Todd M.; Adzima, Kerry A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper builds upon prior research attempting to answer the question "Does money matter?" in public education by offering some insight into the potential advantages of charter schools over their district counterparts. In order to develop an accurate model of the true relationship between resources and performance, Adkins and Moomaw…

  19. Student Gains in a Privately Managed Network of Charter Schools Using Direct Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Richard W.; Rebarber, Theodor; Wilson, Steven F.

    2002-01-01

    Provides results of an evaluation of a private education management company, Advantage Schools, which opened and operated public charter schools. Outlines Advantage's four-part approach, in which students learn at an accelerated rate. Suggests that this approach may offer an effective and replicable approach to urban schooling. (PM)

  20. The Line between Cultural Education and Religious Education: Do Ethnocentric Niche Charter Schools Have a Prayer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.; Eckes, Suzanne E.; Basford, Letitia E.

    2012-01-01

    When first conceived, charter schools were envisioned as local projects initiated by parents and/or groups of teachers seeking to improve the educational performance of students. In the past two decades, the phenomenon has expanded to more than 5% of all U.S. public schools and almost 3% of all students (Center for Education Reform [CER], 2009).…

  1. Case Studies ofEmerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina K Buchanan

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available The fast growing charter school movement may be impeded if charter schools are perceived as a vehicle for stratifying, segregating, and balkanizing an already ethnically, socio-economically divided population. This article defines ethnocentric schools and describes three Native Hawai'ian charter schools. While they are very different in curricula and in emphasis on the Hawai'ian language and other features, they all have strong community support and a high degree of parental involvement and have access to funds available only for Native Hawai'ian programs. It may be easy to support the expenditure of public funds for ethnocentric charter schools in areas like Hawai'i where ethnic minorities have traditionally been underserved. The issues raised in this study may have broader implications for the evolution of American public education. The question is not what criteria to apply to distinguish schools of "good" choice from schools of "bad" choice. In final analysis we must ask, are schools of choice truly schools of choice, or not?

  2. Diverse Charter Schools: Can Racial and Socioeconomic Integration Promote Better Outcomes for Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Richard; Potter, Halley

    2012-01-01

    The education policy and philanthropy communities to date have placed a premium on funding charter schools that have high concentrations of poverty and large numbers of minority students. This report asks: Might it make more sense for foundations and policymakers to embrace a variety of approaches, including efforts to demonstrate the feasibility…

  3. Analyzing Breadth and Depth of a Virtual Charter School's Science Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vick, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    This case study analyzes five science courses of a United States virtual charter school. Online quizzes and exams are provided by the corporate partner, while local teachers have selected report topics, virtual labs and at-home labs for students to complete. These assessments were coded for their correlation to the cognitive levels of the revised…

  4. 75 FR 61761 - Renewal of Charter for the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee AGENCY: Department... Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee (CFSAC). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Wanda K. Jones, Dr.P... risk factors relating to chronic fatigue syndrome, and identifying potential opportunities in...

  5. 78 FR 54482 - Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of... the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group. The purpose of the Adaptive Management Work Group... with Section 9(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-463, as amended)....

  6. 76 FR 54487 - Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of... the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group. The purpose of the Adaptive Management Work Group... accordance with Section 9(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-463, as...

  7. 76 FR 48162 - FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ... CORPORATION FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice of renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking... Insurance Corporation has determined that renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking...

  8. 78 FR 46949 - FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... CORPORATION FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice of renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking... Insurance Corporation has determined that renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking...

  9. Violence Prevention at Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School. Summary Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Jocelyn; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, P. Mitchell; Lowry, Samantha S.

    2010-01-01

    This summary brief is based on research conducted by the Urban Institute's Justice Policy Center on the violence prevention activities taking place at the Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School during the 2008-2009 school year. Researchers from the Justice Policy Center conducted an assessment of the school's violence prevention…

  10. Perspectives on long-term Eurasian energy supply: the role of the energy charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper examines Croatian energy outlook in the broader 'Eurasian' context, taking into consideration the prospect of increasing energy import dependency in Western and Central Europe, and assesses the contribution that multilateral instruments, such as the Energy Charter Treaty, can make in promoting security of supply.(author)

  11. 77 FR 39705 - National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... AGENCY National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology; Charter Renewal AGENCY... (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App. 2, the National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (NACEPT... Administrator of EPA on a broad range of environmental policy, technology and management issues. Inquiries...

  12. Laying the Foundation for Successful Team Performance Trajectories: The Roles of Team Charters and Performance Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathieu, John E.; Rapp, Tammy L.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the influences of team charters and performance strategies on the performance trajectories of 32 teams of master's of business administration students competing in a business strategy simulation over time. The authors extended existing theory on team development by demonstrating that devoting time to laying a foundation for…

  13. 34 CFR 300.209 - Treatment of charter schools and their students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... schools that are public schools of the LEA. (1) In carrying out Part B of the Act and these regulations with respect to charter schools that are public schools of the LEA, the LEA must— (i) Serve children... the site to its other public schools; and (ii) Provide funds under Part B of the Act to those...

  14. Competitive Incentives and the Education Market: How Charter Schools Define Themselves in Metropolitan Detroit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubienski, Christopher; Lee, Jin

    2016-01-01

    Policymakers often advance charter schools as an education reform model that can offer more diverse educational alternatives for families. Yet, as these schools compete for students, questions arise about how they respond to the competitive incentives in differentiating themselves through marketing distinct options for learners. The way these…

  15. 77 FR 66462 - Clean Air Act Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... AGENCY Clean Air Act Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection...'s Clean Air Act Advisory committee (CAAAC) will be renewed for an additional two-year period, as a... recommendations to the EPA Administrator on policy issues associated with implementation of the Clean Air Act....

  16. Positioning Charter Schools in Los Angeles: Diversity of Form and Homogeneity of Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauen, Douglas Lee; Fuller, Bruce; Dauter, Luke

    2015-01-01

    The debate over charter school effectiveness relies largely on neoclassical logic: individual parents or students express demand for a widening array of school types and then experience variable levels of organizational quality. We argue that market-like behavior is nested in segments of local organizational fields with different types of charter…

  17. 77 FR 62240 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel: Notice of Charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    ... Control Special Emphasis Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory... Control Special Emphasis Panel, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human... Emphasis Panel, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services,...

  18. 76 FR 4322 - Charter Schools Program (CSP); Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... I of the ESEA. (75 FR 78509). High-poverty school means a school in which at least 50 percent of...) by evaluating the effects of charter schools, including their effects on students, student academic... discretionary grant programs, published in the Federal Register on December 15, 2010 (75 FR 78486)....

  19. Examining Support that Exists for Social and Emotional Program Implementation in Elementary Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks-Rallins, Angela N.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative case study examines the perceptions of elementary charter school principals and teachers and the supports that exist for implementation of social and emotional learning programs. The experiences and perspectives of the participants in this research study will be significant to understanding the perceptions of what principals do to…

  20. 75 FR 63203 - Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH); Notice of Reestablishment of Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH... the Charter of the Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH) for two years. FOR... Construction, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Room N-3468, U.S. Department of Labor,...

  1. Jet aircraft engine emissions database development: 1992 military, charter, and nonscheduled traffic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metwally, Munir

    1995-01-01

    Studies relating to environmental emissions database for the military, charter, and non-scheduled traffic for the year 1992 were conducted by McDonnell Douglas Aerospace Transport Aircraft. The report also includes a comparison with a previous emission database for year 1990. Discussions of the methodology used in formulating these databases are provided.

  2. 76 FR 19708 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ... program on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS initially issued a charter halibut permit (CHP) to qualified applicants. A person who was not initially issued a CHP by NMFS may obtain a transferable CHP from another person by submitting a transfer application and meeting CHP transfer...

  3. Understanding School Choice: Location as a Determinant of Charter School Racial, Economic, and Linguistic Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    The author analyzes the revealed school preferences of parents in the Washington, D.C., and asks, "What is the main determinant of charter school choice and how does it create racial, economic, and linguistic segregation?" The author first establishes a theory of choice, which incorporates past research and adds an additional variable to our…

  4. Some implications of the European Energy Charter for U.S. coal companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on some implications of the European Energy Charter for US coal companies. According to the author, projections show a growing market for coal exports. Low-sulfur coals are seen to have the market advantage in Europe, given the state of the environment in Europe. It is suggested that US coal companies work with Eastern European countries to develop coal reserves

  5. Explaining the Gap in Charter and Traditional Public School Teacher Turnover Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuit, David A.; Smith, Thomas M.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses national survey data to examine why charter school teachers are more likely to turnover than their traditional public school counterparts. We test whether the turnover gap is explained by different distributions of factors that are empirically and theoretically linked to turnover risk. We find that the turnover rate of charter…

  6. School Marketing as a Sorting Mechanism: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Charter School Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Terri S.; Carlsen, Robert L.

    2016-01-01

    An emerging body of research has explored "supply side" questions of school choice, or how schools and systems shape enrollment through locational decisions, recruitment, and marketing. This study focuses on how school websites market and communicate the distinct missions of charter schools to prospective families. Through a critical…

  7. Institutional v. Technical Environments: Reconciling the Goals of Decentralization in an Evolving Charter School Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huerta, Luis A.

    2009-01-01

    This article analyzes how macrolevel institutional forces persist and limit the expansion of decentralized schools that attempt to challenge normative definitions and practices of traditional school organizations. Using qualitative case study methodology, the analysis focuses on how one decentralized charter school navigated and reconciled its…

  8. Developing a Checklist for Qualitative Evaluation of Service Charters in Academic Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Maria

    2008-01-01

    In accordance with the recent philosophy of quality in higher education embraced by European institutions, a checklist for the qualitative evaluation of service charters in academic libraries is proposed. The checklist is based on the existing literature on the topic, not only the large number of research papers on quality issues in general, but…

  9. 76 FR 13365 - Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities Program; Office of Innovation and Improvement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities Program; Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview... a TIN from the Internal Revenue Service or the Social Security Administration. If you need a new TIN..., Assistant Deputy Secretary for Innovation and Improvement. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P...

  10. 75 FR 43510 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants to Non... an individual, you can obtain a TIN from the Internal Revenue Service or the Social Security... Deputy Secretary for Innovation and Improvement. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P...

  11. Charter Management Organizations and the Regulated Environment: Is It Worth the Price?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Joan F.

    2013-01-01

    Urban minority children are increasingly being educated at public schools run by charter management organizations (CMOs) characterized by a highly rule-ordered and regulated environment. These rules, enforced through continuous streams of reinforcements and penalties, while contributing to a tight focus on academics and a safe culture, have…

  12. The Role of Leadership in Starting and Operating Blended Learning Charter Schools: A Multisite Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, Michael Eric

    2013-01-01

    Heavily utilizing both instructional technology and face-to-face instruction within a bricks-and-mortar school environment, blended learning charter schools are gaining attention as a cost-effective school design. As educators turn to these blended learning school models to improve both the operational efficiency and student outcomes of…

  13. Lessons Learned in Conducting a Lottery-Based Study of Core Knowledge Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Thomas G.; Grissmer, David W.; Altenhofen, Shannon; Larson, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The authors are presently in the fourth year of a six-year, lottery-based randomized control trial (RCT) studying the effectiveness of nine Colorado charter schools that have implemented Core Knowledge®. Core Knowledge (CK) is a comprehensive K-8 curriculum for language arts, math, science, social studies, visual arts, and music that is intended…

  14. Entrepreneurial Alliances: A Study of Entrepreneurship and Strategic Alliances in the Charter School Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Cheryl A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the practices, processes, and success rates of 15 entrepreneurial alliances in the Texas charter school industry. The research involved interdisciplinary industries (business and education) and focused on how a specific type of alliance structure utilized social innovation to exploit opportunity and impact change in the…

  15. Exploring the Supply Side: Factors Related to Charter School Openings in NYC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saultz, Andrew; Fitzpatrick, Dan; Jacobsen, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    School choice policies have led to a proliferation of new schools opening. While economic theory suggests that new charters would open in high demand locations, limited work examines whether this is, indeed, occurring. Framing our study in geography, we explore both space factors and place factors as contrasting explanations for where new charters…

  16. 78 FR 69682 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that...

  17. 75 FR 48973 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Amendment This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October...

  18. 77 FR 59137 - Chartering and Field of Membership Manual for Federal Credit Unions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ...; ] NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Part 701 RIN 3133-AE02 Chartering and Field of Membership Manual for Federal Credit Unions AGENCY: National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). ACTION: Proposed... Board, National Credit Union Administration, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314-3428....

  19. The legal nature of the voyage charter party and its tax deployment

    OpenAIRE

    Júdice, Mônica Pimenta

    2016-01-01

    The present work has as main approach the voyage charter party. To do so, it was necessary to analyze the legal nature of this type of contract of affreightment, on its total or partial mode. This will enable to understand possible effects of Tax on the Circulation of Goods and Interstate and Intermunicipal Transportation Service – VAT and Service Tax.

  20. The Role of Charter Restarts in School Reform: Honoring Our Commitments to Students and Public Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Daniela; Field, Tim

    2013-01-01

    Charter school boards enter into a critical bargain: autonomy for accountability. Compared with their traditional district counterparts, they operate with relative freedom in curriculum, hiring, budgeting, and other operational decisions. In exchange, they are held accountable for student performance in ways that traditional district schools are…

  1. Teacher Quality and Sorting across Traditional Public and Charter Schools in the Detroit Metropolitan Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip; Gawlik, Marytza A.

    2015-01-01

    In the quest to raise student achievement in low-performing urban schools, researchers often point to the central importance of recruitment and retention of a high quality teacher workforce (Lankford, Loeb and Wyckoff 2002; Rivkin, Hanushek and Kain 2005; Jacob 2007). At the same time, advocates have proposed charter schools not only as a means to…

  2. Site-Based Leadership: Extrapolating from Small Business to Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbisi Little, Joan

    2012-01-01

    Using a participant-observer perspective, this comparative case study sought to identify similarities between business and education to contribute to charter school training, leadership development, and school reform. This inquiry is a qualitative comparative case study using a participant observer perspective presented in a scholarly personal…

  3. 12 CFR 543.9 - Application for conversion to Federal mutual charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application for conversion to Federal mutual charter. 543.9 Section 543.9 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY..., including the present value of any preference to which such holders are entitled. (c) Action on...

  4. 77 FR 17529 - Notice of Charter Renewal: Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Charter Renewal: Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear... Medical Uses of Isotopes (ACMUI) for a period of two years. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The U.S. Nuclear... Medical Uses of Isotopes for the two year period commencing on March 14, 2012 is in the public...

  5. 76 FR 34890 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... rule implementing the program on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS initially issued... rule to implement the charter halibut limited access program, published on April 21, 2009 (74 FR 18178... halibut limited access program (75 FR 554, January 5, 2010), NMFS implemented the Council's...

  6. 77 FR 15997 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee on March 1, 2012. DATES: The Charter for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee was renewed on March 1, 2012... Nomination Evaluation Committee (NMTI Committee) on March 1, 2012. This Notice is published in...

  7. 75 FR 3720 - Office of Environmental Management; Environmental Management Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-22

    ... of Environmental Management; Environmental Management Advisory Board Charter Renewal Pursuant to... Environmental Management Advisory Board will be renewed for a two-year period beginning January 23, 2010. The Board provides the Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management (EM) with information and...

  8. Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations, New York, NY. Office of Public Information.

    The Charter of the United Nations is divided into 19 chapters. Following a preamble, Chapter I outlines the purposes and principles of the organization; Chapter II, the membership; and Chapter III, organization. Chapter IV describes the composition, functions, powers, and voting procedure of the General Assembly. Chapter V outlines the functioning…

  9. Clarifying the Public-Private Line: Legal and Policy Guidance for Catholic-Affiliated Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Kari A.; Decker, Janet

    2015-01-01

    In the past 50 years, the share of students enrolled in U.S. Catholic schools has declined from approximately 12% to 3%. In reaction, many urban Catholic schools have closed and subsequently reopened as public charter schools in order to receive governmental funding and to increase enrollment. As public schools, these Catholic- affiliated charter…

  10. Charter Schools: The 65% Instructional Expenditure Ratio and College-Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulte, Don P.; Slate, John R.

    2011-01-01

    We investigated for all of the charter school districts (n = 192) in the State of Texas for the 2008-2009 school year the relationship between the 65% instructional expenditures ratio mandate and college-readiness rates in reading, math, and in both subjects for all high school students and then separately for African American, Hispanic, and White…

  11. 77 FR 59185 - Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... AGENCY Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental... Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App.2, the Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee (GMCAC) is a necessary committee which is in the public interest. Accordingly, the GMCAC is renewed for an additional two...

  12. Charter School Statutes and Special Education: Policy Answers or Policy Ambiguity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.; Lange, Cheryl M.

    2007-01-01

    Charter schools are a growing and evolving component of the public education sector. These schools may be exempt from state or local regulations, but they are part of the public system and subject to federal laws and many regulations. Research has documented policy tensions and basic challenges associated with developing special education programs…

  13. Planning and Implementing Virtual Charter Schools in Wisconsin: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Juanita Joyce

    2010-01-01

    The long-term concern relative to education inequity indicates that the nation's youth will not be adequately prepared for the global and highly competitive marketplace of the 21st century (Casner-Lotto & Barrington, 2006). Initiatives to address this concern persist, including the creation of the virtual charter school (Vanourek, 2006;…

  14. Opening the "Black Box": Organizational Differences between Charter Schools and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xin; Patel, Deepa; Young, Viki M.

    2014-01-01

    Using survey data collected from 2,273 teachers in Texas, this study explores differences in school organization that contribute to the experiences (e.g., working conditions, instruction and student engagement in learning, self-efficacy and job satisfaction, and teacher evaluation) of charter school and traditional public school teachers.…

  15. Time Charters with Purchase Options in Shipping: Valuation and Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Løchte; De Giovanni, Domenico

    The paper studies the valuation and optimal management of Time Charters with Purchase Options (T/C-POPs) which is a specific type of asset lease with embedded options that is common in shipping markets. T/C-POPs are economically significant and sometimes account for more than half of the stock...

  16. Time Charters with Purchase Options in Shipping: Valuation and Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Løchte; De Giovanni, Domenico

    2010-01-01

    The article studies the valuation and optimal management of Time Charters with Purchase Options (T/C-POPs), which is a specific type of asset lease with embedded options that is common in shipping markets. T/C-POPs are economically significant and sometimes account for more than half of the stock...

  17. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Holmes; Lapsley, Daniel K.; Baker-Boudissa, Mary

    2009-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival…

  18. Literature review of the passenger airline business models: Full service carrier, low-cost carrier and charter airlines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carmona Benitez, R.B.; Lodewijks, G.

    2008-01-01

    The deregulation and liberalization of the air transportation industry have developed three main passenger business models: full service carriers, low-cost carriers, and charter airlines. Deregulation removed regulated fares and routes increasing competition and yields. Airlines business models main

  19. Homonormativity, Charternormativity, and Processes of Legitimation: Exploring the Affective-Spatio-Temporal-Fixed Dimensions of Marriage Equality and Charter Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Stern, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Over the past five years, marriage equality and charter schools have emerged at the forefront of political conversations about equality and rights. Some argue that these policies extend access to certain benefits and opportunities to historically oppressed communities, thus furthering liberalism and egalitarianism. In this article, I engage these arguments by exploring how and why people from dominant cultures come to support marriage equality or charter schools despite not directly benefitti...

  20. AN ANALYSIS OF THE PERCEPTION OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT TRAINEES REGARDING ACCESS TO THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING NEEDS

    OpenAIRE

    Bunea Ștefan; Sãcãrin Marian; Gîrbinã Maria Mãdãlina

    2013-01-01

    In Romania, the certification of the quality of chartered accountant is accomplished by CECCAR(i). It is conditioned by the completion of the period of initial training. A part of this period is provided by the universities, while the other part is provided by CECCAR through the national 3-year internship programme. The objective of our survey was to analyse the way in which chartered accountant trainees perceive the access to the accounting profession, their own limitations in terms of compe...

  1. Consequences of team charter quality: Teamwork mental model similarity and team viability in engineering design student teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway Hughston, Veronica

    Since 1996 ABET has mandated that undergraduate engineering degree granting institutions focus on learning outcomes such as professional skills (i.e. solving unstructured problems and working in teams). As a result, engineering curricula were restructured to include team based learning---including team charters. Team charters were diffused into engineering education as one of many instructional activities to meet the ABET accreditation mandates. However, the implementation and execution of team charters into engineering team based classes has been inconsistent and accepted without empirical evidence of the consequences. The purpose of the current study was to investigate team effectiveness, operationalized as team viability, as an outcome of team charter implementation in an undergraduate engineering team based design course. Two research questions were the focus of the study: a) What is the relationship between team charter quality and viability in engineering student teams, and b) What is the relationship among team charter quality, teamwork mental model similarity, and viability in engineering student teams? Thirty-eight intact teams, 23 treatment and 15 comparison, participated in the investigation. Treatment teams attended a team charter lecture, and completed a team charter homework assignment. Each team charter was assessed and assigned a quality score. Comparison teams did not join the lecture, and were not asked to create a team charter. All teams completed each data collection phase: a) similarity rating pretest; b) similarity posttest; and c) team viability survey. Findings indicate that team viability was higher in teams that attended the lecture and completed the charter assignment. Teams with higher quality team charter scores reported higher levels of team viability than teams with lower quality charter scores. Lastly, no evidence was found to support teamwork mental model similarity as a partial mediator of the team charter quality on team viability

  2. Converted charter plane for mass transport of patients after a tsunami.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Björnsson, Hjalti Már; Kristjánsson, Már; Möller, Alma D

    2008-01-01

    After a tsunami in the Indian Ocean in December 2004, thousands of injured tourists were stranded far away from home. To transport injured Scandinavians and their relatives back to Sweden, a standard Icelandic charter plane was altered for the mission in 2 days. Orthopedic injuries and aspirations were the predominant injuries among patients transported, but all had received advanced care in Thailand. The transport to Sweden was uneventful. The possibility of including charter planes in plans for mass transport of injured patients in disaster preparedness is stressed. For a given incident, a detailed checklist can facilitate gathering vital information to ensure adequate equipment and patient care. The lessons from the preparation of the plane and the mission are reported. PMID:18992689

  3. Charter for the development of the super-ethanol E85 channel in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Signed by more than 25 associations, or enterprises and the Government, this charter underlines eight main points in favor of the super-ethanol E85 development. Then the charter defines the actions plan allowing to assure the success of the launching and the development of the super-ethanol E85 channel: the necessary standards and technic, the diversified and impressive offer of flex-fuel vehicles, the E85 distribution network on the territory, the development of a competitive and sustainable channel of ethanol production, the economic and fiscal conditions allowing the E85 to be competitive facing the fossil fuels and the following of the actions plan. (A.L.B.)

  4. Decade of the New Charter of Athens and unsustainable 2D visions of cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćerimović Velimir Lj.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This 2013 marks a decade of unsustainable 2D combinatorics and 3D visions of 21st century cities sublimation by the New Charter of Athens created in 2003. This is a good occasion to review some of its outdated and unsustainable 2D principles, the ones that have failed for entire decade to create better cities of tomorrow and are now far away from achieving it. The problem is seen in the fact that the New Charter of Athens, through unsustainable implementation of the outdated 2D terminology, sees the physical structure of a city in a proselytical and unsustainable way and accepts only high-built objects or artifacts, regarding them to be only built space and structures since they do possess walls. Therefore, the so-called visionary charter perceives the vision of the European cities of the 21st century, and the implementation of 2D terminology and 2D quasy-knowledge shows its unawareness of the fact that apart from social (local communities and high-built physical structures, cities consist of two more types of physical (3D structures, objects or artifacts having no walls. That is why its 3D vision has not been completed yet, ever since the day it was adopted in 2003, because it does not perceive and recognize low and landscape built 3D objects and artifacts. Moreover, it regards them to be the so-called non-built, the so-called free, the so-called open space. Therefore, it is certainly not unusual to note that the charter does not even mention a significant eco-reciprocity and eco-urban continuity between immanent, integrative, compatible and complementary high, low and landscape built objects or artifacts within the physical structure of cities.

  5. Learning from Charter School Management Organizations: Strategies for Student Behavior and Teacher Coaching

    OpenAIRE

    Robin Lake; Melissa Bowen; Allison Demeritt; Moira McCullough; Joshua Haimson.; Brian Gill

    2012-01-01

    A new Mathematica study, conducted with the Center on Reinventing Public Education, highlights approaches five successful charter school management organizations (CMOs) use to help improve student achievement. This report expands on a previous report showing that CMOs with the greatest positive impact on student achievement were most likely to establish consistent schoolwide behavior expectations for students, as well as use an intense approach to monitoring and coaching teachers. The latest ...

  6. Moses as a role model in the Serbia charters after 1371 changing patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vujošević Žarko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aspects of the Old Testament figure of Moses highlighted in the charters of post-Nemanjić Serbia, or under the Lazarević and Branković dynasties (1371-1459, testify to a changed attitude towards Old Testament role models. While members of the Nemanjić house such as the archbishop Sava I and the rulers Stefan of Dečani and Dušan look up to Moses as a "religious leader", a prayerful intercessor before God and a victorious warrior, all of that for the sake of the "chosen" people, the role he is assigned in the arengae of the charters issued by prince Lazar and despots Stefan Lazarević and Đurađ Branković is completely different. In the universal Christian context of the post-1371 arengae Moses figures as a "prophet" and the builder of the Tabernacle - a prefiguration of the Church, thereby epitomizing a major stage in the salvation history of humankind. The role of Moses, as well as that of David, the only other Old Testament figure still referred to in the charters of the period, has a universal ecclesiologically interpreted, significance. This new pattern of interpreting Moses implies that the ruler’s main virtue now becomes his concern for the "true faith" and the houses of God. The practice of the Nemanjićs as regards selection and interpretation of Old Testament themes is reestablished by the titular despots of the Branković dynasty. In their charters, the first part of the Bible with Moses as a popular leader reassumes a "national" character and becomes part of the ideological apparatus intended to posit the Serbs as a "New Israel".

  7. District-Charter Collaboration Grant Implementation: Findings from Interviews and Site Visits

    OpenAIRE

    Moira McCullough; Luke Heinkel; Betsy Keating

    2015-01-01

    This document is an interim report examining the implementation of district-charter collaboration grants funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The report addresses three key research questions: (1) To what extent do schools and staff collaborate across sectors and how have grant activities influenced collaboration among participating staff through the first 12 to 15 months of implementation? (2) What contextual factors currently play a role in implementation of the collaboration gran...

  8. Fields of application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and constitutional dialogues in the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    SAFJAN, Marek

    2014-01-01

    This article is an extended version of a speech delivered during the Conference on Judicial Cooperation Techniques for the Protection of European Fundamental Rights: Past and Future Prospectives held in EUI on 9-10 May 2014. It deals with the possibility of maintaining coexisting national and Charter standards of fundamental rights and with the importance of cooperation between the ECJ and the national courts when fundamental rights protection is at stake. In this article, possible approaches...

  9. Ameliorating chartered accountants' training at a South African university : interventions for reform / N. van der Merwe

    OpenAIRE

    Van Der Merwe, N.

    2014-01-01

    The profession of chartered accountancy (CA) is critical to the economic, social and cultural development of South Africa. It has the potential to play a broader leadership role in the development of the financial skills the country needs so desperately. Extensive research has shown that South Africa has far too few CAs to satisfy the needs of the economy. The profession itself is, however, facing numerous challenges especially given the high expectations of employers of newly qualified CAs a...

  10. School Contexts and 'Acting White' - Peer Networks of Somali Immigrant Youths in an Afrocentric Charter School

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, M.; Madyun, N; Lam, BOY; Jumale, M

    2014-01-01

    We examine whether the “acting white” labeling practice and subsequent peer isolation exist (or do not exist) within Somali immigrant adolescents, one of the most underresearched black immigrant student groups, and what school contexts are associated with their presence (or absence). Using a case study, we found that high-achieving Somali immigrant students in an urban Afrocentric charter school in the United States were not isolated from their peers. Rather, they tended to have a relatively ...

  11. The African Union Charter and ECOWAS Humanitarian Intervention in Liberia: The Behaviouralist Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    DECLAN A. AMARAEGBU

    2013-01-01

    How do political rivalry, ethnicity and other structural tensions in a given country pose regional, sub-regional and even international security threat? What triggered Economic Community of West African States’ (ECOWAS) armed response to the Liberian crisis? The slow escalation of Liberia’s two civil wars (1989-96 and 1999-2003) illustrates how this observation stimulates the basis of comparative studies of Africa’s sub-regional humanitarian missions within the AU Charter. This paper argues t...

  12. A Case Study Comparison of Charter and Traditional Schools in New Orleans Recovery School District: Selection Criteria and Service Provision for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Nikki L.

    2011-01-01

    In post-Katrina New Orleans, Louisiana, there is a growing concentration of charter schools. The Recovery School District (RSD) has oversight of the majority of these schools. To explore charges from community advocates that RSD charter schools restricted admission and provided inadequate services for students with disabilities, the following…

  13. An Examination of Assessment Scores between Students Who Attend Public Schools and Students Who Were Homeschooled Prior to Entering a Virtual Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Virtual charter schools, emerging in the 1990s, are a recent development in the education field and reflect today's technology-oriented society. This study examined existing data to evaluate what, if any, difference existed between students who attended public school and those who were homeschooled prior to entering the virtual charter school. …

  14. The IAEA/WHO network of Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories. SSDL network charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1976, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) together with the World Health Organization (WHO) established a Network of Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories (SSDLs), known as the IAEA/WHO SSDL Network. This Network, through SSDLs designated by Member States, provides a direct linkage of national dosimetry standards to the international measurement system of standards traceable to the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), and the dissemination of S.I. quantities and units through the proper calibration of field instruments by the SSDLs. The Network has proved to be of value in improving national capabilities for instrument calibration and the awareness of better accuracy and traceability. Fifty-eight countries have nominated SSDLs for membership in the Network. Unfortunately, some of these SSDLs do not yet function as full members, perhaps because of some uncertainty as to their obligations concerning the Network. Consequently, the Scientific Committee which advises the Network Secretariat has recommended that a Charter be drawn up explaining the privileges, rights and duties of members in the Network which would strengthen their links to the international measurement system. In addition to the duties of members in the Network and the benefits that full members can receive, the Charter also describes how the Network functions and the scope of the work of the SSDLs. In producing this Charter, the advisory group has drawn heavily on the IAEA publication 'Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratories: Development and Trends' (1985) which summarizes the origin, development, status and prospects of the IAEA/WHO SSDL Network. The various appendices are effectively up-dates of different parts of this earlier publication, and the original drafting and reviewing bodies are given due recognition. The revisions take into account the experience the Agency has gained in coordinating the activities of the Network for more than 20 years

  15. The department Charter of the Finistere wind turbines; La charte departementale des eoliennes du Finistere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-06-01

    In a context favorable to the renewable energies development, the Finistere showed in few months many wind turbines installation projects. Those projects present conflicting stakes: the richest areas in terms of energy are also the most sensitive in term of ecology and environment. The conciliation of these conflicting stakes is difficult because the town planning documents do not take into account these installations specificities. Therefore the Finistere decided to write a department charter for the wind turbines. The first chapter deals with the objectives and the partners engagements, the second chapter presents elements of decision making. (A.L.B.)

  16. Is there a Difference Between For-Profit Versus Not-For-Profit Charter Schools?

    OpenAIRE

    Hill, Cynthia D; David Welsch

    2008-01-01

    The role of for-profit educational organizations in the predominantly public and not-for-profit K-12 U.S. schooling system is being fiercely debated across our nation. Little empirical research is available to help policy makers develop informed decisions regarding the educational value that for-profit schools provide to our students. This paper fills in part, for the first time in detail, this void. This paper uses a four year panel of charter schools from the state of Michigan and a random ...

  17. The Energy Charter Treaty and settlement of disputes – current challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuliana-Gabriela Iacob

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Energy Charter Treaty (the “ECT” is a multilateral agreement aiming to promote energy cooperation and security. This paper focuses on the provisions of the ECT governing the protection of foreign investments and the settlement of disputes between investors and host states. In particular, this paper analyses the recent developments and challenges in the field of dispute settlement under the ECT, such as the increase in arbitrations, the withdrawal of Italy from the ECT, as well as the interplay between EU law and the ECT.

  18. Charter rights & health care funding: a typology of Canadian health rights litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flood, Colleen M; Chen, Y Y Brandon

    2010-01-01

    Canadian health consumers have increasingly relied on the Charter of Rights and Freedoms to demand certain therapies and reasonably timely access to care. Organizing these cases into a 5-part typology, we examine how a rights-based discourse affects allocation of health care resources. First, successful Charter challenges can, in theory, lead to courts granting and enforcing positive rights to therapies or to timely care. Second, courts may grant a right to certain health services; however, subsequently government fails to deliver on this right. Third, successful litigation may create negative rights, i.e. rights to access care or private health insurance without government interference. Fourth, consumers can fail in their legal pursuit of a right but galvanize public support in the process, ultimately effecting the desired policy changes. Lastly, a failed lawsuit can stifle an entire advocacy campaign for the sought-after therapies. The typology illustrates the need to examine both legal and policy outcomes of health right litigation. This broader analysis reveals that the pursuit of health rights seems to have caused largely a regressive rather than progressive impact on Canadian Medicare. PMID:21456397

  19. A shifting paradigm: Teachers' beliefs and methods for fostering ecological literacy in two public charter schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Evan P.

    Ecological literacy is measured by a person's ability to understand the natural systems that make life on earth possible and how to live in accordance with those systems. The emergence of the pedagogies of place- and community-based education during the past two decades provides a possible avenue for fostering ecological literacy in schools. This thesis explores the following research questions: 1) How is ecological literacy fostered in two Alaskan public charter schools? 2) What are teachers' beliefs in these two schools about the way children and youth develop ecological literacy? 3) What are effective teaching methods and what are the challenges in engaging students in ecological literacy? Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six K--12 teachers in two public charter schools in Alaska in order to investigate these questions, and relevant examples of student work were collected for study as well. Qualitative data analysis revealed several emergent themes: the need for real-world connections to curriculum; the necessity of time spent outdoors at a young age; the long-term and holistic nature of ecological literacy development; and the importance of family and community role models in developing connections with the natural world. Based upon the research findings, several recommendations are made to support the efforts of teachers in these schools and elsewhere for fostering ecological literacy in children and youth.

  20. Transforming Ottawa Charter health promotion concepts into Swedish public health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersson, Bosse

    2007-01-01

    Swedish public health policy clearly illustrates how the concept of the Ottawa Charter for health promotion can be utilized at a national level. The impact has been more implicit than explicit. Public health has a long history in Sweden and much of the present and future is, and will be, linked to traditional values and structures. International input, however, has been essential to prompt new approaches and change. Health inequalities remain the major shortcoming. The Swedish system offers universal access to healthcare in a decentralized system. Still, primary healthcare, and the health services as a whole have not yet sufficiently embraced the idea of health promotion. Political attention to modern public health at the Prime Minister level was established in late 1980s. Since, continuous initiatives in terms of organization, infrastructure and funding have taken place. With regard to funding, a vast majority of the resources allocated to health promotion will be found outside the health sector. An interesting observation is that the Swedish public health policy with its 11 objective domains remains the same, also after a change of government. Future challenges include maintaining and developing an intersectoral mechanism for implementation, allocating more resources for intervention research to strengthen knowledge-based health promotion, and developing tools for coping better with the challenges of globalisation identified in the Bangkok Charter. PMID:18372877

  1. Indigenous Communities: A Way of Living that puts the Earth Charter into Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Ovares-Barquero

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to draw attention to the role that indigenous communities have historically fulfilled by practicing the values proposed in the Earth Charter upon its ancestral construction. The intention is to reflect on the fact that the principles stated in the Earth Charter have been intrinsically performed by these groups on a daily basis. That is, these groups become a role model because they respect life in all its diverse forms, promoting a democratic, participative, sustainable, and peaceful existence, which ensures, the balance of Earth to present and future generations. On the other hand, this paper analyzes the damage caused by human beings, through their unfriendly practices, to Latin American natural resources and therefore to the planet. Moreover, the human species is the only one able to reverse the damage caused. Based on this context, the hope is to place the human being as the center of the planetary system. This requires an education that raises awareness and contributes to the overall view of the problems and takes into account their short, medium, and long term consequences, not only for a community but also for the entire humankind.

  2. INVESTIGATION OF MOTIVATION OF EMPLOYEES IN THE CHARTER ENTERPRISES OF NAUTICAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Trstenjak

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper includes the theoretical and empirical analysis of the elements that determine the motivation of employees in the charter companies of nautical tourism. The purpose of the research is to highlight the importance of identifying and selecting the adequate motivator to ensure achievement of desired objectives. The aim is to determine the importance that employees attach to individual motivational factors. Thus, valuable information are obtained that can help companies in selecting appropriate strategies for achieving motivated and satisfied employees. The survey was conducted from 15th to 26th February 2014 on a sample of 53 respondents, employees in charter companies mostly in Croatia, to a lesser extent in Slovenia and Greece. The results confirm previous studies which suggest that a satisfactory income increasingly ceases to be the most important motivator so the respondents give the highest importance to good relationships, and good social conditions while satisfying income is ranked third place. Only respondents from Greece value most satisfying income.

  3. Violence Prevention in Schools: A Case Study of the Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School. Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Jocelyn; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, P. Mitchell; Lowry, Samantha S.

    2010-01-01

    This report is based on research conducted by the Urban Institute's Justice Policy Center on the violence prevention activities taking place at the Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School during the 2008-2009 school year. Based on an assessment of the school's violence prevention approach using qualitative and quantitative data from…

  4. Accolades and Recommendations: A Longitudinal Analysis of Monitoring Reports for Two Charter Schools Serving Native American Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Derek L.; Holder, K. C.

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal case study examines 10 years' worth of annual monitoring reports for two rural Native American Charter Schools. Using data from multiple sources including interviews, site visits, and document analyses, the authors used provisional coding and constant comparison analysis to categorize the accolades and recommendations embedded in…

  5. Teach for America, Relay Graduate School, and the Charter School Networks: The Making of a Parallel Education Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mungal, Angus Shiva

    2016-01-01

    In New York City, a partnership between Teach For America (TFA), the New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE), the Relay Graduate School of Education (Relay), and three charter school networks produced a "parallel education structure" within the public school system. Driving the partnership and the parallel education structure are…

  6. Similarities and Differences in the Organizational Characteristics of Charter Schools: A Test of Institutional Isomorphism and Strategy Positioning Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Charter schools, independent public schools which operate through a system of contracts with public agencies, are heavily promoted as a means of improving the nation's traditional public education system. Managed as private enterprises, these schools compete for students through the implementation of market-style practices. Popularly viewed…

  7. 77 FR 22298 - Applications for New Awards: Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants to Non-State Educational Agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... evaluating the effects of charter schools, including their effects on students, student academic achievement...) Substantial progress in improving student academic achievement; (2) High levels of parent satisfaction; and (3... improve student performance in other schools. (20 U.S.C. 7221c(f)(6)) We reference additional...

  8. 78 FR 35001 - Applications for New Awards; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants to Non-State Educational Agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... traditional public schools.\\1\\ \\1\\ General Accountability Office. June 2012. ``Additional Federal Attention... be less racially diverse than traditional public schools.\\3\\ Given research showing that all students... planning and start-up of one or more new public schools, including charter schools, that are independent...

  9. The Effect of Inclusion Models on Special Education Student Performance in Charter Schools in Washington, D.C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owoh, Kendahl

    2013-01-01

    Assessment results of 52 special education students in a charter school in Washington, D.C., were used to compare instruction received in co-teaching models of inclusion and resource classrooms to determine their impact on end-of-year standardized state exams. Statistical analysis showed Grade 3-8 special education students currently receiving…

  10. 77 FR 70874 - Notice of Charter Renewal of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Scientific...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... Board SUMMARY: The Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (S/GAC) announces the charter renewal of... information on the Board's activities and membership ( http://www.pepfar.gov/sab/index.htm ). Please refer to... organizations, and the private sector. The diversity of the Board ensures the requisite range of views...

  11. Franchising Public Education: A Study of the Linkage of Charter Schools and Private Education Management Companies in Massachusetts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    School franchising (defined as the replication of a particular product or service across a wide geographic region) marks a radical departure from the traditional view of the community-based neighborhood school. This paper reports on a study of a growing niche of charter school private management contracts in Massachusetts. The focus is on the…

  12. 75 FR 78246 - Medicare Program; Re-Chartering of the Advisory Panel on Ambulatory Payment Classification (APC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... Charter effective through November 21, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Shirl Ackerman-Ross, (410... new technology APCs to clinical APCs). Evaluating APC group weights. Reviewing packaging the cost of... methodology for packaging and the impact of packaging on APC group structure and payment. Removing...

  13. No Excuses: A Critique of the Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) within Charter Schools in the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lack, Brian

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to proffer a critical perspective about a specific brand of American schools within the larger charter school movement: the Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP). KIPP is currently receiving wholesale acclaim as a radical alternative to public schooling "that works." While KIPP schools ostensibly claim that college…

  14. The Labour Charter: «Social Constitution» of the Francoism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel GIMÉNEZ MARTÍNEZ

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an approach to the Fuero del Trabajo (Labour Charter, the first of the Leyes Fundamentales (Fundamental Laws of Franco’s dictatorship, which was enacted during the Civil War and constituted expression of the socioeconomic ideas of the regime. Throughout these pages it can be observed the circumstances that surrounded its elaboration, as well as the trends of thought and experiences that influenced the document’s writing, the controversy about its «constitutional» nature, its structure and content, and its significance and effects on the practical level. In the preparation of this work, it has been used a methodology that combines the exegesis of legal texts and the contrast with doctrinal contributions, the contemporaneous with the object being studied ones as well as the recent ones.

  15. [ABORTION AND CHARTER FOR THE EMBRYO BETWEEN THE ANCIENT WORLD AND THE THIRD MILLENNIUM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cilione, Marco

    2014-01-01

    In 2012 the Italian Court of Cassation recognized a young woman the right not to be born and a compensation for her Down's syndrome. Before her birth, her parents asked their gynaecologist for abortion in case he had found any patology affecting the baby. The clinical tests didn't reveal the syndrome, so, after the baby's birth, the doctor was sued for damages. A similar case had occurred in France, where the High Court affirmed that constitution is based on the right to live, not to die. A debate was opened, in which the hippocratic oath has been used to support the pro vita position. This article focuses on whether, when and why the hippocratic tradition allows abortion; when and by whom the embryo was considered to be a human being; if, according to the few sources we have, a charter for the embryo existed in ancient times. PMID:26292516

  16. Spectroscopic characterization of a masterpiece: The Manueline foral charter of Sintra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manso, Marta; Gac, Agnès Le; Longelin, Stéphane; Pessanha, Sofia; Frade, José Carlos; Guerra, Mauro; Candeias, António José; Carvalho, Maria Luísa

    2013-03-01

    The foral charter attributed by D. Manuel I of Portugal, in 1514, to the village of Sintra was studied using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence spectrometry, Raman and Infrared micro-spectroscopies. A complete characterization of the pictorial materials used in the production of this masterpiece allowed the identification of iron gall inks used in the written text; pigments such as malachite, azurite, lead white, cinnabar, yellow ochre, gold, silver and carbon black in the illuminations and letterings; filler and binder used in the production of coloring materials and inks. Gum and calcium carbonate were the most recurrent binder and filler identified in this study. Silvering and gilding were mostly obtained by applying ground silver and gold on parchment.

  17. Empowering people to be healthier: public health nutrition through the Ottawa Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Mary A T

    2015-08-01

    The WHO's Ottawa Charter highlights five priority areas for taking action in public health. Only one of them is at the individual level as action at more upstream intervention levels, such as community or policy levels, is critical for enabling individuals to succeed. The objective of the present paper is to give insight into the many complex processes involved in public health nutrition by describing the Ottawa Charter's five priority areas for taking action using public health nutrition initiatives I have been involved in. Evidence-based guidelines for healthy eating and infant feeding provide an essential basis for individuals to 'develop personal skills' (Action Area 1). 'Re-orienting health services' (Action Area 2) can address the needs of vulnerable population subgroups, such as the culturally sensitive diabetes prevention programme established for an Indo-Asian community in Canada. Identifying geographic areas at high risk of childhood obesity enables better strategic planning and targeting of resources to 'strengthen community action' (Action Area 3). Calorie menu labelling can 'create supportive environments' (Action Area 4) through encouraging a demand for less energy-dense, healthier food options. 'Building healthy public policy' (Action Area 5) to implement mandatory folic acid food fortification for prevention of birth defects has many advantages over a voluntary approach. In conclusion, evaluation and evidence-based decision-making needs to take account of different strategies used to take action in each of these priority areas. For this, the randomised control trial needs adaptation to determine the best practice in public health nutrition where interventions play out in real life with all its confounding factors. PMID:25602708

  18. Advancing Competency-Based Medical Education: A Charter for Clinician-Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carraccio, Carol; Englander, Robert; Van Melle, Elaine; Ten Cate, Olle; Lockyer, Jocelyn; Chan, Ming-Ka; Frank, Jason R; Snell, Linda S

    2016-05-01

    The International Competency-Based Medical Education (ICBME) Collaborators have been working since 2009 to promote understanding of competency-based medical education (CBME) and accelerate its uptake worldwide. This article presents a charter, supported by a literature-based rationale, which is meant to provide a shared mental model of CBME that will serve as a path forward in its widespread implementation.At a 2013 summit, the ICBME Collaborators laid the groundwork for this charter. Here, the fundamental principles of CBME and professional responsibilities of medical educators in its implementation process are described. The authors outline three fundamental principles: (1) Medical education must be based on the health needs of the populations served; (2) the primary focus of education and training should be the desired outcomes for learners rather than the structure and process of the educational system; and (3) the formation of a physician should be seamless across the continuum of education, training, and practice.Building on these principles, medical educators must demonstrate commitment to teaching, assessing, and role modeling the range of identified competencies. In the clinical setting, they must provide supervision that balances patient safety with the professional development of learners, being transparent with stakeholders about level of supervision needed. They must use effective and efficient assessment strategies and tools for basing transition decisions on competence rather than time in training, empowering learners to be active participants in their learning and assessment. Finally, advancing CBME requires program evaluation and research, faculty development, and a collaborative approach to realize its full potential. PMID:26675189

  19. Charter Cities - ostrovy prosperity s importovaným právnym systémom?

    OpenAIRE

    Beník, Miroslav

    2013-01-01

    If we consider various improving concepts of governance, we can distinguish two main trends in public choice economics. Neoclassical analysis provides a static view of competitive government, where the main idea is free choice and so-called vote with feet. Dynamic view adds understanding of competition as knowledge generating process and product differentiation. The aim of the work is to evaluate Charter Cities project from the perspective of static and dynamic competition in the government i...

  20. Literature review of the passenger airline business models: Full service carrier, low-cost carrier and charter airlines

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona Benitez, R.B.; Lodewijks, G.

    2008-01-01

    The deregulation and liberalization of the air transportation industry have developed three main passenger business models: full service carriers, low-cost carriers, and charter airlines. Deregulation removed regulated fares and routes increasing competition and yields. Airlines business models main objectives are to minimize operation costs and fares, and to maximize profits based on cost leadership, differentiation and focus strategy. This paper presents a literature review about airline bu...

  1. Interdisciplinary Climate Change Curriculum Materials based on the Next Generation Science Standards and The Earth Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, A.; Robertson, W. H.

    2013-12-01

    In the 2012, the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies' reported that one of the major issues associated with the development of climate change curriculum was the lack of interdisciplinary materials that also promoted a correlation between science standards and content. Therefore, in order to respond to this need, our group has developed an interdisciplinary climate change curriculum that has had as its fundamental basis the alignment with the guidelines presented by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and the ones presented by the international document entitled The Earth Charter. In this regards, while the alignment with NGSS disciplinary core ideas, cross-concepts and students' expectations intended to fulfill the need for the development of climate change curriculum activities that were directly associated with the appropriate set of NGSS guidelines, the alignment with The Earth Charter document intended to reinforce the need the for the integration of sociological, philosophical and intercultural analysis of the theme 'climate change'. Additionally, our curriculum was also developed as part of a collaborative project between climate scientists and engineers, who are responsible for the development of a Regional Arctic Simulation Model (RASM). Hence, another important curriculum constituent was the feedback, suggestions and reviews provided by these professionals, who have also contributed to these pedagogical materials' scientific accuracy by facilitating the integration of datasets and visualizations developed by RASM. Furthermore, our group has developed a climate change curriculum for two types of audience: high school and early undergraduate students. Each curriculum unit is divided into modules and each module contains a set of lesson plans. The topics selected to compose each unit and module were designated according to the surveys conducted with scientists and engineers involved with the development of the climate change

  2. [The African Charter on the Rights of the Child. The member states of the Organization of African Unity must ratify without further delay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diongue, A

    1994-12-01

    In July 1990, the Organization of African Unity (OUA) adopted the African Charter of the Rights and Welfare of the Child. It includes a Preamble, two relative parts on the Rights and Respects of the Child, and 47 articles. It defines "child" as a complete human being less than 18 years old. It recognizes the child's unique and privileged place in African society and that African children need protection and special care. It also recognizes that the child has freedom of expression, association, peaceful assembly, thought, religion, and conscience. It aims to protect the private life of the child and safeguard the child against all forms of economic exploitation and against work that is hazardous, interferes with the child's education, or compromises his/her health or physical, social, mental, spiritual, and moral development. It also calls for protection against abuse and bad treatment, negative social and cultural practices, all forms of exploitation or sexual abuse, and illegal drug use. It also aims to prevent the sale, trading, kidnapping, and begging of children. It calls for the creation of an African expert committee on the rights and well-being of the child. Its mission is to promote and protect the rights consecrated by the Charter, to practice applying these rights, and to interpret the disposition of the Charter as required of party states, OUA institutions, or all other institutions recognized by OUA or by a member state. The Charter goes into effect 30 days after OUA or 15 member states ratify it. As of August 24, 1994, only four states had ratified it. Member states have taken it upon themselves to take all necessary measures to adopt the Charter. The delay of African states in this affair is incomprehensible. Eleven years separate the adoption of the Declaration on the Rights and Welfare of the African Child and this Charter. Must the African child wait as long to see the Charter become law? PMID:12288686

  3. The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages: Still Relevant in the Information Age?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah McMonagle

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The impact of new information and communication technologies on European societies could not have been foreseen at the time the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML was adopted two decades ago. Although the text of the ECRML contains no reference to such technologies, they clearly have a role in the context of linguistic communication, given their current social ubiquity. The measures outlined in the ECRML concerning, inter alia, media and cultural facilities, are precisely those being affected by the new media landscape. We can therefore be certain that the internet has some sort of impact on regional and minority languages in Europe, yet detailed assessments of this impact at the policy level are lacking. This article seeks to uncover the extent to which the Committee of Experts of the ECRML assesses the impact of the internet on those languages that have been selected by state parties for protection and promotion under the provisions of the ECRML. Findings show that references to the internet have increased in the reports of the Committee of Experts since monitoring began. However, the role of new technologies in inhibiting or facilitating regional and minority languages is seldom evaluated.

  4. Web 2.0 at a non-traditional charter school A mixed methods study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollis, Jennifer C.

    In a mixed methods design, I sought to explore teacher and administrator views of technology integration and change in schools. Specifically, I examined a small staff's perspectives towards the integration of Web 2.0 tools and mobile devices into student-centered classroom instruction at a small non-traditional charter school in Southern Georgia. Online surveys and face-to-face interviews were conducted to gather data on the educators' value of technology, the role and integration of technology in the classroom, and their current levels of technology usage. The converged mixed methods results illustrate the following: (a) educators are willing to integrate technologies they value; (b) educators are open to incorporating emerging technologies into the classroom with proper support; (c) educators do not instinctively integrate technology in student-centered ways; (d) educators are open to learning about emerging technologies from their students; (e) teachers and administrators are not equally open to integrating Web 2.0 tools and mobile devices into classrooms. I conclude that teachers and administrators need to critically examine how to apply Web 2.0 technologies and mobile devices to enhance learning in order to remain relevant and meet the needs of their students in the twenty-first century. Keywords: Digital Age, mixed methods, mobile devices, student-centered, teacher and administrator beliefs, Web 2.0 integration

  5. A Discovered Ducal Seal Does Not Belong to the Incorporation Charter for the City of Krakow Solving the Mystery Using Genetic Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lech, Tomasz

    2016-01-01

    The Incorporation Charter for the city of Krakow, the former capital of Poland, is one of the most valuable documents stored in the National Archives in Krakow. The document, which was written in 1257 on parchment, grants Krakow the Magdeburg rights and regulates its legal, statutory, economic and settlement-related aspects. The Charter was placed in the National Register of the Memory of the World UNESCO programme in 2014. A ducal seal, considered to be the lost seal detached from the Incorporation Charter, was found in the sphragistic collection after nearly 500 years. Unfortunately, it was uncertain whether the seal in question was indeed the missing part of the document. The aim of the study presented below was to solve this mystery. For this purpose, the parchment on which the Incorporation Charter was written was compared with the fragment of the parchment attached to the discovered seal. The study involved the analysis of selected mitochondrial DNA sequences and additional analysis at the level of nuclear DNA using microsatellite markers in the form of 11 STR (Short Tandem Repeat) loci, to identify the species and individual whose skin had been used to make the parchment. This analysis revealed that seal and parchment was from different individuals and thereby discovered that the seal was never a part of the Incorporation Charter. The study is further an example of informative DNA preservation in cultural heritage objects. PMID:27560131

  6. AN ANALYSIS OF THE PERCEPTION OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT TRAINEES REGARDING ACCESS TO THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING NEEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bunea Ștefan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, the certification of the quality of chartered accountant is accomplished by CECCAR(i. It is conditioned by the completion of the period of initial training. A part of this period is provided by the universities, while the other part is provided by CECCAR through the national 3-year internship programme. The objective of our survey was to analyse the way in which chartered accountant trainees perceive the access to the accounting profession, their own limitations in terms of competences, the need for professional training, and the benefits ensured by the professional training within CECCAR. Being a member of IFAC(ii, CECCAR has implemented the requirements of the international education standards. The results of the survey confirm that due to differences in their educational backgrounds trainees perceived certain barriers preventing their access to the accounting profession. They also considered that the training of chartered accountants should be provided by CECCAR rather than by the universities. The self-assessed competence level of trainees in fields such as accounting, taxation, or IT was appreciated as at least good, while the competences regarding organizations and businesses, international financial reporting, corporate governance, and financial markets were appreciated as modest. The need for professional training is assessed by trainees considering the immediate practice and not the expectations regarding future career development or future evolutions of accounting practices. The trainees in our survey do not consider necessary any investment in competences that they cannot use immediately at the level required by small and medium-sized businesses they work for. This implicates that results should be interpretated with caution and other factors (such as long term trends and expectations should be considered in establishing the educational needs of future accountants.

  7. Improving math and science education in charter secondary schools through the use of technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojose, Bobby

    This study was conducted to examine the promising practices of using technology in teaching math and science in charter schools in California. The study was conducted under the auspices of the Center for Educational Governance (CEG) which hopes to compile the promising practices into an Internet-based compendium to be replicated by others. The research employed an in-depth qualitative case study method. It was conducted in two secondary schools in different school districts in the state of California over a two-month period. The main participants were principals, lead teachers, teachers, and support staff. Interviews, observations, and archival documents were the main data collection tools. Face to face interviews were conducted with the principals, lead teachers of technology, teachers, and a support staff (Network Administrator). Technology lab and professional development activities were observed. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed. The study found that one school (MSA) has the promising practice of using technology to enhance the subject matter knowledge of students by using computers to further explore concepts already learned in the regular classroom. The other school (CART) has the promising practice of applying technology to real life situations as a teaching pedagogy. The result of these practices is the positive outcomes in the following areas: Increased student achievement in standardized teat scores, increased motivation, growth in mean GPA, less behavior problems from students, and improved school attendance by students. The implications for policy and practice include: Teachers having the knowledge of the benefits of constructive teaching in the classroom; principals understanding that professional development activities for technology integration will vary in complexities and depends on needs of teachers; policy makers identifying needs and establishing goals; and researchers conducting more qualitative studies to gather evidence to

  8. Religious interfaith work in Canada and South Africa with particular focus on the drafting of a South African Charter of Religious Rights and Freedoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iain T. Benson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Constitutional protections for religious freedom (and related freedoms of conscience, belief and association and equality, once interpreted by courts and tribunals, apply in a precedential manner to future cases. They have an influence well beyond the particular community to which they first applied. For this reason, religious communities have increasingly banded together and sought to intervene or even, on occasion, to initiate legal actions asserting or defending their rights. This article reviews some of the principles around the freedom of religion as understood in South Africa and Canada to show how courts have understood the freedom of religion in its social context. In addition, interfaith cooperation is discussed with particular reference to the recent process which led to the formation of a Charter of Religious Rights and Freedoms pursuant to Section 234 of the South African Constitution (which is attached to the article. This section, a unique provision in any constitution, allows for the creation of additional Charters to give greater specificity to the general language of the Constitution itself. As such, it is an encouragement to civil society to determine what it thinks are the important provisions that should be spelled out to give guidance to politicians and the judiciary. Awide variety of religious groups participated in the creation of the Charter. The Charter does not claim to be, nor could it be, exhaustive of such concerns but demonstrates that religions can cooperate across a host of issues in education, health care, employment and other issues. The next stage – passage into law, is still in the future but the first important hurdle has been crossed with the signing of the Charter in October of 2010. The Charter might be a template for other countries though changes would be necessary to deal with local issues.

  9. The London Charter and the Seville Principles as sources of requirements for e-archaeology systems development purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan M. Carrillo Gea

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Requirements engineering (RE is a discipline of critical importance in software development. This paper provides a process and a set of software artefacts to help in the production of e-archaeology systems with emphasis on requirements reuse and standards. In particular, two important guidelines in the field of earchaeology, the London Charter and the Principles of Seville, have been shown as two sources of requirements to be considered as a starting point for developing this type of systems.

  10. Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of Indian Tribes of North America. Part I: The Sioux Tribes of South Dakota. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, George E., Comp.

    To facilitate the study and understanding of present-day Indian tribal organization and governmental procedures, the Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of…

  11. On the Consequences of the Marketisation of Public Education in Sweden: For-Profit Charter Schools and the Emergence of the "Market-Oriented Teacher"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredriksson, Anders

    2009-01-01

    The entrance of for-profit charter schools into the public educational system is one of the most recent manifestations of market-based reforms in public education. Previous studies raise concerns over the marketisation of education and suggest that market reforms clearly change teacher attitudes and behaviour. Taking a public administration…

  12. 41 CFR 301-72.2 - May we utilize methods of transportation other than common carrier (e.g., POVs, chartered...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May we utilize methods of transportation other than common carrier (e.g., POVs, chartered vehicles, etc.)? 301-72.2 Section... TRANSPORTATION Procurement of Common Carrier Transportation § 301-72.2 May we utilize methods of...

  13. About Correspondence of Status of a Magistrate under the Provisions of the Russian Constitution and the European Charter on the Statute for Judges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor N. Polovtsev

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The author herein analyses the status of a magistrate (justice of peace and his appointment procedure. The author concludes that the procedure for the second and subsequent appointment of the magistrate contradicts the Constitution of Russia and the European Charter on the Statute for Judges (DAJ/DOC (98 23. The article suggests legal amendments eliminating the discrepancies discovered

  14. The Earth Charter and the ESDinds Initiative: Developing Indicators and Assessment Tools for Civil Society Organisations to Examine the Values Dimensions of Sustainability Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podger, Dimity; Piggot, Georgia; Zahradnik, Martin; Janouskova, Svatava; Velasco, Ismael; Hak, Tomas; Dahl, Arthur; Jimenez, Alicia; Harder, Marie K.

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive report outlines an innovative project in which Earth Charter International is actively involved. The project aims to develop approaches, indicators and tools for Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) to be able to measure values-based aspects and impacts of their work at the project level. Many CSOs have an intuitive feeling that…

  15. The Impact of School Choice on School Employee Labor Unions: Unionization Rates among Private, Charter, and Traditional Government Schools Suggest Reason for Union Opposition to School Choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouillette, Matthew J.; Williams, Jeffrey R.

    This study examines the unionization rates of teachers in traditional government, charter, and private schools to determine how school choice might affect school employee labor unions, including the Michigan Education Association and the Michigan Federation of Teachers. The findings of this study reveal that unions have powerful financial…

  16. Performance Management in Portfolio School Districts. A Report from the Doing School Choice Right Project and the National Charter School Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lake, Robin J.; Hill, Paul T.

    2009-01-01

    The search continues for effective ways to educate disadvantaged children in big cities. Different cities have tried varied approaches--intensive work on the professional skills of teachers and administrators in Boston, standardized approaches to instruction in San Diego, and extensive use of vouchers and chartering in Washington, D.C., and…

  17. School Privatization by Way of a Comprehensive Management Contract: A Single Case Study of the Extent to Which Privatization Theory Transfers to Practice in a Public Charter School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    This paper presents findings from a case study of a single charter school operated by Edison Schools, Inc. (The particular school remains anonymous.) The study, grounded on the assumption that privatization improves efficiency, was done to document the relationship between the theory and practice of school privatization. The study relied on…

  18. Project SEARCH: Special Education as Requirements in Charter Schools. Final Report of a Research Study: Cross-State Analysis of Findings and Summaries of State Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahearn, Eileen M.; Lange, Cheryl M.; Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    This document presents findings of Project SEARCH, a qualitative research study of how charter schools interpret laws and regulations governing the education of children with disabilities, especially the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The project involved a preliminary 15-state policy analysis followed by in-depth case…

  19. Navigating Special Education in Charter Schools Part II: The Authorizers' Role in Ensuring Quality Special Education Programs. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2007-01-01

    What ought authorizers do to ensure that the charter schools they approve provide a quality education to students with disabilities who enroll in their school? That is the question many authorizers wrestle with as they strive to strike a balance between fulfilling their responsibilities under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)…

  20. Lessons Learned in Dreamland: How a Small Urban Charter School Overcame Start-Up Woes to Increase Reading Scores 28 Percent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Carolyn J.

    2011-01-01

    Charter school administrators weathered start-up woes, among them challenging students with unmet needs, verbal assaults, dwindling student enrollment, and a first-year budget deficit exceeding $200,000 to implement a reading improvement strategy that holds promise for helping at-risk students read better, a point particularly underscored…

  1. New development on materials and techniques used in the heraldic designs of illuminated Manueline foral charters by multi-analytical methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the illuminated foral charters commissioned by D. Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495–1521), heraldry played a prominent role. In this work, royal emblems corresponding to the third heraldic design, applied to the Charter of Couto de Teixedo, are studied by means of EDXRF, SEM–EDS, micro-Raman, micro-FTIR and HPLC–DAD to characterize the materials and techniques used to produce this masterpiece of Portuguese Renaissance. By comparing this data with the results previously obtained in other three charters, this research allows for the first time an accurate insight into the reformed manuscripts production, especially since the illuminated charters under consideration were all investigated on the basis of similar micro-spectroscopic techniques. Inks, metal coatings, pigments, organic dyes, fillers or extenders, and binding media are discussed, and their use enlightened by the politic and legal messages the foral charters had to convey. Parchment analysis allowed us to identify the animal species, and all undertaken processes along its preparation. HPLC–DAD allowed us to differentiate the gums used. CaSO4 was observed in the parchment as a degradation product of CaCO3 used in parchment production in the presence of metal sulfates coming from the ink. Pigments used in the different colors as well as some specific phases for some colors were identified. Silvering and gilding processes, metal caratage and silver oxidation compounds were also objects of the present study. - Highlights: • Complementary analytical techniques using portable XRF and molecular techniques were used for the complete characterization of Portuguese illuminated manuscripts. • A comparison between four Manueline foral charters was undertaken, providing an accurate insight into their heraldic designs and production. • Inks, pigments and some of their specific phases, organic dyes, fillers or extenders, and binding media are discussed. • Silvering and gilding processes, metal caratage

  2. Circular letter from January 22, 2004 to the presidents of companies having the status of chartered storage facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This circular letter is intended for owners of storage facilities for petroleum products benefiting from the obligation of strategic storage according to the article 2 of law no 92-1443 from December 31, 1992. The attached document recalls the reasons and content of this obligation, the prevailing strategic storage rules in France (reference texts, products in concern, operators, stockpiles localization, product substitution possibilities..), the monthly declarations, the controls and sanctions, the annual plan of stocks localization, the obligation of information, the loss of chartered status or the renouncement. A schematic synthesis of the system of stockpiles constitution is presented in appendix, for France and for the French overseas departements. The other appendixes concern: the list of petroleum products concerned by the legal obligation of strategic storage, the relations between the professional committee of strategic stockpiles (CPSSP) and the anonymous society of security stocks management (SAGESS), and some examples of monthly and annual declaration forms. (J.S.)

  3. The influence of service quality and satisfaction in consumer behaviour intention : an empirical study of a charter airline

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Marta Inês de Castro

    2011-01-01

    Do ponto de vista teórico-empírico, a qualidade de serviço e a satisfação têm sido apontadas como fortes influenciadores das intenções comportamentais do consumidor. Estas dinâmicas já foram estudadas ao nível das companhias aéreas regulares e low-cost mas não foram encontrados registos de investigações no âmbito das companhias charter. Assim, o objetivo principal deste trabalho de investigação é analisar o impacto que a qualidade de serviço e a satisfação têm ao nível das intenções comportam...

  4. Investigating the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students in science-oriented charter schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Ozgur

    The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent gender, achievement level, and income level predict the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students. The study explored whether group differences were good predictors of scores in work values. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted on 131 10th graders who attended science-oriented charter schools. Students took Super's Work Values Instrument, a Likert-type test that links to 15 work values, which can be categorized as intrinsic and extrinsic values (Super, 1970). Multiple regression analysis was employed as the main analysis followed by ANCOVA. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that there is evidence that 8.9% of the variance in intrinsic work values and 10.2% of the variance in extrinsic work values can be explained by the independent variables ( p help predict intrinsic work value scores; Achievement Level may also help predict extrinsic work values. Achievement Level was the covariate in ANCOVA. Results indicated that males (M = .174) in this sample have a higher mean of extrinsic work values than that of females (M = -.279). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the intrinsic work values by gender. One possible interpretation of this might be school choice; students in these science-oriented charter schools may have higher intrinsic work values regardless of gender. Results indicated that there was no statistically significant difference among the means of extrinsic work values by income level (p < .05). However, free lunch students (M = .268) have a higher mean of intrinsic work values than that of paid lunch students ( M = -.279). A possible interpretation of this might be that lower income students benefit greatly from the intrinsic work values in overcoming obstacles. Further research is needed in each of these areas. The study produced statistically significant results with little practical significance. Students

  5. HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE FORMATION OF MEASURES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE FOR JUVENILE PARTICIPANTS OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS IN THE CHARTER OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS OF RUSSIA IN 1864

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Vladimirovna Antonova

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the genesis of the formation of the institution of measures of criminal procedural coercion, in particular, applicable to persons under the age of majority, and examines the historical normative legal acts, such as the Charter of criminal proceedings, which formed the basis of modern criminal procedure law. In addition, the article highlights the moments of formation of the concept of "juvenile" in the criminal procedure law of Russia, and the stages of formation of additional guarantees of the rights of young offenders, as subjects of the criminal process. The author makes the comparative analyses of measures of restraint, regulated in the Charter of the criminal proceedings and their current counterparts, presents their list, reasons for the use and persons authorized for their use. The article summarizes the continuity and similarity of the norms of modern criminal procedural code of the Russian Federation with the previous sources of criminal procedural law.

  6. On the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora CIUCĂ

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available After a short presentation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and its features, the paper is focused on the European Union‟s accession to the European Convention of Human Rights. As part of the Treaty of Lisbon implementation, this process is not an easy one. The author intends to identify and raise questions on this process, and to emphasise some technical and procedural difficulties, by comparing the two main European human rights systems. Europe has to face many changes and challenges: the recent entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the “new status” of the Charter of fundamental rights (as a legally binding instrument and the beginning of the process of EU‟s accession to the European Convention of Human Rights. This paper is intended to point out some aspects of this new era of the European construction.

  7. Assessing the Potential for Social Media Activity on the Business-to-Business Service Industry in the United Kingdom: A Research Project for RWB Chartered Accountants, Nottingham

    OpenAIRE

    Crowe, James

    2012-01-01

    This project was carried out with one main goal in mind, which was to investigate the potential of social media activity in the future on the part of RWB Chartered Accountants in Nottingham. The study aimed to understand and predict the best uses and purposes of communicating in the business-to-business service industry via social media. Vital reading was carried out providing a comprehensive review of customer satisfaction, branding, service quality, and client retention literature. This led...

  8. Evaluating the Level of Observance of Patient Charter of Rights from the Perspective of Patients Admitted to Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Qom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariba Dehghani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the observance rate of patient charter of rights from the perspective of patients admitted to Shahid Dr Beheshti research and treatment training center affiliated to Qom University of Medical Sciences in an effort to enhance and promote medical care, defend patients' rights and ensure adequate medical and health care. Methods: The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 467 patients in the year 2014. The data were collected using a Likert scale questionnaire with 28 questions whose validity and reliability had been tested and approved in previous studies. Data analysis was performed using T-test analysis of variance via SPSS software Ver. 19. Results: The results obtained from this research indicated that the patient charter of rights was observed based on the overall score of patient charter of rights in 64.62% of cases. Patient rights was observed to be 71.00 % in the category of “optimal receipt of information,”, “patient privacy,” 71 .52 %, “optimal receipt of health services,” 71.44 %, and access to complaints handling system, 44.53 %. Conclusion: According to the findings, the patient charter of rights has been observed satisfactorily according to the admitted patients in the statistical population under investigation, yet it has not been desirable regarding access to the complaint handling system, thus it is suggested that necessary measures be conducted to expand patients and service recipients’ access to complaint handling system.

  9. Reconsidering the Freedom Charter, the black theology of liberation and the African proverb about the locust’s head in the context of poverty in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ndikho Mtshiselwa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available While South Africa attained liberation from the apartheid rule in 1994, the legacy of colonialism and apartheid – in the form of poverty and economic inequality – continues to haunt black South Africans. The aim of this article is to make a case for the equitable sharing of South Africa’s mineral wealth amongst all its citizens with the view to alleviate poverty. Firstly, this article provides a reflection on the Freedom Charter and suggests that the values of the Charter, for instance, the sharing of resources and wealth, are relevant in South Africa today. Secondly, it is argued in the present article that the preferential option for the poor which is upheld in the black theology of liberation is equally relevant in post-apartheid South Africa where many black South Africans remain poor. Thirdly, this article argues that the African proverb, Bana ba motho ba ngwathelana hlogo ya tšie [The siblings share the head of a locust], also echoes the idea of equitable sharing of resources with a view to alleviate poverty. Lastly, the author submits that the idea of equitable sharing of resources and wealth that is echoed in the Freedom Charter, the black theology of liberation and the African wise saying support the equitable redistribution of the mineral wealth to the benefit of all South Africans.

  10. Implementation of the provisions of the European social charter on the right to protection of youth from the danger of causing physical and psychological harm in the process of their labor in the labor law of the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Eduardovna Kandel

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective to analyze special measures and safeguards enshrined in the provisions of Art. 7 of the European Social Charter which provides protection of children and adolescents from the danger of causing physical or psychological harm in the process of their labor and its implementation in the Labor Law of the Russian Federation in connection with acceptance of obligations under Art. 7 of the European Social Charter. Methods comparative legal research method was applied. Results the comparative legal analysis was carried out of the implementation of measures and warranties expressed in Art. 7 of the European Social Charter which guarantee the right of children and adolescents to be protected from the danger of causing physical and psychological harm in the process of their employment within the Russian Labor Law investigation was made of the degree of compliance of norms of the Russian Labor Law with the specified provisions of the Charter and the requirements of European Convention the necessary measures are listed to fill up the norms and gaps in the Russian Labor Law. Scientific novelty for the first time the article presents a comprehensive comparative legal study on the implementation of measures and safeguards embodied in Art. 7 of the Charter which guarantee the right of children and adolescents to be protected from the danger of causing physical and psychological harm in the process of labor activity in the Russian norms of Labor Law the degree of their compliance with the Charter is determined practical steps are offered to reform the Russian legislation with the aim of implementation of the assumed Charter obligations by the Russian Federation. Practical value the measures for the protection of children proposed by the author can be used in scientific legislative and lawenforcement practice in Russia. nbsp

  11. New insights into the red and green pigments in the illuminated foral charter of Setubal (1515) by combined use of μ-Raman and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, M.; Carvalho, M. L.; Le Gac, A.; Manso, M.; Mortari, C.; Longelin, S.; Pessanha, S.

    2016-03-01

    The richly decorated foral charter attributed by D. Manuel I of Portugal, in 1515, to the village of Setubal, was studied using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence spectrometry and Raman micro-spectroscopy. An in situ characterization of the pigments used in the production of this masterpiece showed a very different pigment palette choice when compared to other similar Manueline charters. The red and green pigments are particularly puzzling, as the widely used mercury- and copper-based pigments, vermillion and malachite, respectively, were not found in the illuminated frontispiece. Instead, the cheaper lead-based pigment minium was used in the King's flag, while a mixture of copper sulfates was found for the green color, identified by means of micro-Raman spectroscopy. This result led to a new look at the conception that only one Royal workshop existed for the elaboration of Manueline foral charters.

  12. Recommendations for Foreign Trade Companies Established in Turkey on Making Charter Party Marine Bills of Lading in Accordance with Letter of Credit-L/C Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Özkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses how charter party marine bills of lading should be made in accordance with the letter of credit-L/C method. In an L/C, in order that the obligation of payment of the applicant (issuing bank and of the confirming bank, if any, against the beneficiary can continue, exporting companies are required to prepare documents in accordance with the UCP 600, ISBP 745 and terms of documentary letter of credit and present them properly (complying presentation. In order to prepare appropriate documents, it is essential for the exporting companies to act according to the three important criteria (letter of credit requirements, UCP 600 and ISPB 745 prevailing in this regard. Since competence of complying presentation requires a certain level of expertise, the exporting companies established in Turkey have experienced difficulties in terms of how to prepare documents and could not get benefit from payment obligation undertaking of the applicant bank and of the confirming bank, if any, due to the presentation of discrepant documents, getting export prices late, and payment of extra fees/commissions. Due to trade property, importing company’s demands and the conditions required by the legislation of the country where the exporting company is established, exporting companies are required to prepare many types of documents. In this study, the common mistakes that exporting companies in Turkey made in preparation of the charter party and the other types of B/Ls are analyzed, the basic and critical features of the charter party B/Ls, in particular, are considered and different and common parts compared to other bill of ladings are evaluated and how they can be organized properly according to letter of credit payment is shown.

  13. Citizens, Charters and Concordats : how the Major Government confronted the challenge of engagement with civil society in public sector reform

    OpenAIRE

    Deakin, Nicholas

    2011-01-01

    John Major arrived in power with the aspiration to put a “human face” on the policies of his predecessor, Margaret Thatcher. The main device which he and his advisors produced to achieve this outcome was the “Citizen’s Charter”, designed as means to secure improvements in public service delivery by treating users as consumers, with better access to information about the services they receive and scope for complaints. After the 1992 Election efforts were made to implement the Charter across a ...

  14. The Impact of Limited School Choice on Public School Districts: Case Studies of How School Districts in Michigan's Largest County Are Responding to Competition from Charter Schools and Public "Schools-of-Choice."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladner, Matthew; Brouillette, Matthew J.

    This study sought to determine whether increased competition among Michigan public schools, resulting from charter schools and the state's "schools-of-choice" program, has improved educational opportunities for children and whether competition encourages or discourages schools to respond to the needs and demands of students and parents. The…

  15. On the Implementation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights in South Africa%论《非洲人权和民族权宪章》在南非国内的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡高强; 郑敏芝

    2012-01-01

    《非洲人权和民族权宪章》的诞生对非洲人权保护而言具有里程碑的意义。宪章全面规定了人权和民族权,并针对宪章的良好实施规定了缔约国的国内实施义务。南非作为该宪章缔约国,采取了通过新宪法、建立宪法法院、制定保护人权的法律以及设立人权机构等一系列措施来确认和保障宪章人权,有效地推进了宪章所规定权利和自由在其国内的实施,从而使南非在区域人权保护中处于领先地位,特别是在对艾滋病人人权的保护上取得了令人瞩目的成就。%The birth of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights is a milestone for the protection of human rights in Africa. The Charter provides a comprehensive Human and Peoples' Rights, and stipulates the con- tracting parties' obligations to implement the Charter in their countries. As a contracting party of the Charter, South Africa has taken a series of measures to confirm and protect human fights of the Charter, such as enacting a new constitution, establishing the Constitutional Court, making laws to protect human rights and establishing human rights institutions, which has effectively promoted the implement of the fights and freedom prescribed in the Char- ter. Therefore, South Africa is in the leading position in the regional human rights protection, especially the note- worthy achievements in the protection of AIDS People's human rights.

  16. The Earth Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Humanity is part of a vast evolving universe. Earth is alive with a unique community of life. The forces of nature make existence a demanding and uncertain adventure, but Earth has provided the conditions essential to life's evolution. The resilience of the community of life and the well-being of humanity depend upon preserving a healthy biosphere…

  17. Current components, water pressure, physical, and other data from moored current meters, pressure gauges, and CTD casts from CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and other platforms from the Bering Sea - Coastal Waters of Western Alaska and other locations from 14 May 1989 to 06 October 1989 (NCEI Accession 9000278)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current components, water pressure, physical, and other data were collected from moored current meters, pressure gauges, and CTD casts from CHARTER/FISHING BOATS...

  18. SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - ORGANISM LENGTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, WATER DEPTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and other fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115200)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115200 includes meteorological, fish examination and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  19. ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, HABITAT, Displacement Volume, TAXONOMIC CODE and other tows and trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2003-08-08 (NODC Accession 0115265)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115265 includes tows, biological and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and MILLER FREEMAN during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  20. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, cloud amount/frequency and WIND SPEED tows and trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115264)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115264 includes meteorological, tows, biological, physical and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and MILLER FREEMAN during...

  1. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, cloud amount/frequency and other trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115261)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115261 includes meteorological, biological, physical and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  2. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and INDIVIDUAL FISH EXAMINATION - AGE fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115263)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115263 includes fish examination, biological and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  3. STOMACH CONTENTS - FULLNESS, WATER TEMPERATURE, STOMACH CONTENTS - PREY COUNT, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and other fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and MF0310 as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2003-08-08 (NODC Accession 0115262)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115262 includes biological, fish examination and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and...

  4. SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - ORGANISM LENGTH and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION fish examination data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0113968)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113968 includes biological and fish examination data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005...

  5. CHLOROPHYLL A, SALINITY, WATER TEMPERATURE, FLUORESCENCE and SIGMA-T profile data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0113921)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113921 includes profile, biological and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and MILLER FREEMAN during cruises GP0108,...

  6. WATER DEPTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE, species abundance and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - WET WEIGHT trawl data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0114641)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0114641 includes meteorological, biological and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208,...

  7. INDIVIDUAL FISH EXAMINATION - WEIGHT, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - SEX fish examination data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0114242)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0114242 includes fish examination and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005...

  8. The Issue on Whether Constituted Off- hire When Time Chartered Ship Hijacked by Piracy%期租船舶被海盗劫持期间是否构成停租的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏同江; 高伟

    2012-01-01

    在期租合同没有明确规定的情况下,船舶被海盗劫持并不构成定期租船合同中的停租条件,承租人不可以在船舶被劫持期间停付他原本应当向出租人支付的租金。为了明确责任,避免纠纷,双方当事人应当在合同中加以明确,或者将BIMCO海盗条款并入在期租船合同中,或者修改标准合同条款内容。%The vessel seized by pirates does not constituted the off- hire in time charter without explicitly specified agreement in the contract and the charterer can not stop paying the hire to the shipowner during the pe- riod of vessel hijacked. In order to determine the responsibility and avoid disputes, it should be made clear in the contract by both parties. Therefore the BIMCO Piracy Clause should be incorporated in the time charter par- ty or revise the contents of" the standard forms to provide a solution to this often contentious issue.

  9. Salmonellosis and charter tourism: epidemiology and trends of imported human cases to Norway from the Canary Islands and Thailand, 1994-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emberland, K E; Nygård, K; Aavitsland, P

    2012-09-01

    More than 70% of reported human Salmonella infections in Norway are infected abroad. The Canary Islands and Thailand are two of the most popular charter tourist destinations for Norwegians. Using surveillance data for the years 1994-2008, and denominator data on travel to the Canary Islands 2000-2008 and to Thailand 1997-2008, we present the epidemiology and trends of Salmonella infections in Norwegian tourists to these destinations. We found a declining trend in risk of salmonellosis in tourists returning from the Canary Islands, and a change in serovar distribution in travellers to Thailand with more S. Enteritidis infections, similar to that observed in Western European countries. The use of denominator data is important when studying risk of travel-related disease, as surveillance data tend to reflect travel activity more than the risk. Infections among tourists do not always affect the local residents and therefore may not be detected by local public health authorities. Sharing knowledge on the epidemiology of infections in tourists could be useful for observation of changes in trends in the countries visited, and in future outbreak investigations. PMID:22051449

  10. Effect of Workplace Counseling Interventions Launched by Workplace Health Promotion and Tobacco Control Centers in Taiwan: An Evaluation Based on the Ottawa Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tzu-Hua; Huang, Joh-Jong; Chang, Fong-Ching; Chang, Yu-Tsz; Chuang, Hung-Yi

    2016-01-01

    Workplace health promotion (WHP) is important to prevent work-related diseases, reduce workplace hazards, and improve personal health of the workers. Health promotion projects were launched through the centers of WHP funded by the Taiwan Bureau of Health Promotion since 2003. Hence, the aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of WHP programs intervention from 2003 to 2007. The intervention group consisted of 838 business entities which had ever undergone counseling of the three centers in northern, central, and southern Taiwan from 2003 to 2007. The control group was composed of 1000 business entities randomly selected from the business directories of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taiwan. The questionnaire survey included general company profiles and the assessment of workplace health according to the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. We have received 447 (53.3%) questionnaires from the intervention group and 97 questionnaires from the control group. The intervention group was more effective in using the external resources and medical consultation, and they had better follow-up rates of the abnormal results of annual health examinations. Compared to the control group, the intervention group had a significantly decreased smoking rate in 246 companies (61.2%) and a reduced second-hand smoke exposure in 323 companies (78.6%) (pworksite health and to create a healthy work environment. PMID:26954498

  11. Effect of Workplace Counseling Interventions Launched by Workplace Health Promotion and Tobacco Control Centers in Taiwan: An Evaluation Based on the Ottawa Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tzu-Hua; Huang, Joh-Jong; Chang, Fong-Ching; Chang, Yu-Tsz; Chuang, Hung-Yi

    2016-01-01

    Workplace health promotion (WHP) is important to prevent work-related diseases, reduce workplace hazards, and improve personal health of the workers. Health promotion projects were launched through the centers of WHP funded by the Taiwan Bureau of Health Promotion since 2003. Hence, the aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of WHP programs intervention from 2003 to 2007. The intervention group consisted of 838 business entities which had ever undergone counseling of the three centers in northern, central, and southern Taiwan from 2003 to 2007. The control group was composed of 1000 business entities randomly selected from the business directories of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taiwan. The questionnaire survey included general company profiles and the assessment of workplace health according to the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. We have received 447 (53.3%) questionnaires from the intervention group and 97 questionnaires from the control group. The intervention group was more effective in using the external resources and medical consultation, and they had better follow-up rates of the abnormal results of annual health examinations. Compared to the control group, the intervention group had a significantly decreased smoking rate in 246 companies (61.2%) and a reduced second-hand smoke exposure in 323 companies (78.6%) (penvironment. PMID:26954498

  12. Report made on the behalf of the Commission of economic affairs on the bill project related to the application of the precautionary principle defined in the Charter for the Environment to risks resulting from electromagnetic waves - Nr 654

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After an introduction commenting the determination of a threshold for low-intensity electromagnetic waves with athermal effects, this document reports the discussion of the Commission which commented the application of the precautionary principle as it is defined in the Charter for the Environment. Then the bill project articles are discussed. They notably concern the introduction of new chapters or articles in the French environment code and urban planning code, the prohibition of some advertising, and measures related to mobile phones. A table compares the existing measures, the bill project text and the text adopted by the commission. Amendments studied by the commission are indicated

  13. Analysis of Newspaper Coverage of Active Aging through the Lens of the 2002 World Health Organization Active Ageing Report: A Policy Framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boushra Abdullah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available As populations continue to grow older, efforts to support the process of aging well are important goals. Various synonyms are used to cover aging well, such as active aging. The World Health Organization published in 2002 the report Active Ageing: A Policy Framework that according to the call for papers, has brought active ageing to the forefront of international public health awareness. The 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action was singled out in the call for papers as a key document promoting physical activity one goal of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework. Media are to report to the public topics of importance to them. We investigated the newspaper coverage of aging well and synonymous terms such as active aging through the lens of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. As sources we used the following newspapers: China Daily, The Star (Malaysia, two UK newspapers (The Guardian, The Times, a database of 300 Canadian newspapers (Canadian Newsstand and a US newspaper (The New York Times. The study generated data answering the following four research questions: (1 how often are the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity mentioned; (2 how often is the topic of active aging and terms conveying similar content (aging well, healthy aging, natural aging and successful aging discussed; (3 which of the issues flagged as important in the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity are covered in the newspaper coverage of active aging and synonymous terms; (4 which social groups were mentioned in the newspapers covered. The study found a total absence of mentioning of the two key documents and a low level of coverage of “active aging” and terms conveying similar content. It found further a lack of engagement with the issues raised in the two key documents and a

  14. Analysis of newspaper coverage of active aging through the lens of the 2002 World Health Organization Active Ageing Report: A Policy Framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Boushra; Wolbring, Gregor

    2013-12-01

    As populations continue to grow older, efforts to support the process of aging well are important goals. Various synonyms are used to cover aging well, such as active aging. The World Health Organization published in 2002 the report Active Ageing: A Policy Framework that according to the call for papers, has brought active ageing to the forefront of international public health awareness. The 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action was singled out in the call for papers as a key document promoting physical activity one goal of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework. Media are to report to the public topics of importance to them. We investigated the newspaper coverage of aging well and synonymous terms such as active aging through the lens of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. As sources we used the following newspapers: China Daily, The Star (Malaysia), two UK newspapers (The Guardian, The Times), a database of 300 Canadian newspapers (Canadian Newsstand) and a US newspaper (The New York Times). The study generated data answering the following four research questions: (1) how often are the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity mentioned; (2) how often is the topic of active aging and terms conveying similar content (aging well, healthy aging, natural aging and successful aging) discussed; (3) which of the issues flagged as important in the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity are covered in the newspaper coverage of active aging and synonymous terms; (4) which social groups were mentioned in the newspapers covered. The study found a total absence of mentioning of the two key documents and a low level of coverage of "active aging" and terms conveying similar content. It found further a lack of engagement with the issues raised in the two key documents and a low level of

  15. Analysis of Quarantine Results of Baggage Carried by Passengers on Tourist Charter Flights at Changsha Airport%长沙空港口岸旅游包机旅客携带物检疫情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁非同; 廖晓兰

    2015-01-01

    This article adopts the method of statistics and summary, and so the research was conducted to analyze luggage carried by passengers on tourist charter flights to find the conditions of inspection and quarantine at Changsha Airport in 2014. The results showed that at Changsha Airport entry and exit, prohibited items carried by passengers on tourist charter flights had the following characteristics:1) the interception rate of passengers on tourist charter flights was higher than that of ordinary passengers, with the inbound interception at a rate of 0.777%V.S. 0.626%of ordinary passengers, with statistically significant chi­square test results;2) the interception rate of plant products was higher than that of animal products;3) the interception rate in autumn and winter seasons was higher than those in spring and summer seasons; 4) compared with that by ordinary passengers, the number of interception carried by passengers on charter flights was more, and the varieties were more concentrated. Thus, according to the characteristics of passengers on the tourist charter flights, two targeted inspection and quarantine measures were put forward hereby so to perfect the notification system and strengthen the supervision of animal and plant quarantine the key flights.%采用统计和汇总的方法,分析2014年长沙空港口岸旅游包机旅客检疫现场携带物的检验检疫情况。结果表明,长沙空港口岸出入境旅游包机旅客携带的禁止进境物有以下特点:旅游包机旅客的截获率高于普通旅客,入境旅游包机旅客的截获率为0.777%,普通旅客的为0.626%,经χ2检验有统计学意义。植物制品截获率高于动物制品,秋冬季节截获率高于春夏季节,此外与普通旅客相比旅游包机旅客的携带物数量更多,品种也更加集中。根据旅游包机旅客的特点提出了完善告知制度和加强重点航班的动植物检疫监管两项有针对性的检验检疫措施。

  16. ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, Displacement Volume, TAXONOMIC CODE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - SEX and species abundance tows data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0401-01 and GP0401-02 as part of the NEP project from 2004-10-19 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115259)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115259 includes tows and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0401-01 and GP0401-02 in the Gulf of Alaska and...

  17. Documentation only - no data type tows data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and GP0207-02 as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-29 to 2002-08-06 (NODC Accession 0115275)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115275 includes tows data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and GP0207-02 in the Gulf of Alaska and North...

  18. BIOMASS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and species abundance tows data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-17 (NODC Accession 0113950)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113950 includes tows and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005 and SE0007...

  19. Minority Languages of the Russian Federation: Perspectives for a Ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages. Mercator Working Papers = Las lenguas minoritarias de la Federacion Rusa Perspectivas para una ratificacion de la Carta Europea de las Lenguas Regionales y Minoritarias. Mercator Documentos de trabajo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieytez, Eduardo J. Ruiz

    This paper describes the linguistic plurality of the Russian Federation, assessing the impact that the hypothetical ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages could have on it. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Part 1--The Linguistic Plurality of the Russian Federation": the linguistic…

  20. Standard Chartered: Is China Ready?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan; Yang Wei

    2008-01-01

    @@ In the midst of the long lasting subprime related financial crisis,different parties in the United States have taken several measures to stimulate the economy and prevent a possible recession.These include the recent cuts in the key interest rate by the Federal Reserve and the stimulus package hashed out between Congress and the White House.

  1. 75 FR 26919 - Charter Renewals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ... Advisory Committee Management, 41 CFR Part 101-6, and after consultation with GSA, the Secretary of.... BILLING CODE 3510-HR-P ... in the public interest in connection with the performance of duties imposed on the Department by...

  2. Circular letter from January 22, 2004 to the presidents of companies having the status of chartered storage facility; Lettre circulaire du 22 janvier 2004 a Messieurs les presidents de societes titulaires du statut d'entrepositaire agree

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This circular letter is intended for owners of storage facilities for petroleum products benefiting from the obligation of strategic storage according to the article 2 of law no 92-1443 from December 31, 1992. The attached document recalls the reasons and content of this obligation, the prevailing strategic storage rules in France (reference texts, products in concern, operators, stockpiles localization, product substitution possibilities..), the monthly declarations, the controls and sanctions, the annual plan of stocks localization, the obligation of information, the loss of chartered status or the renouncement. A schematic synthesis of the system of stockpiles constitution is presented in appendix, for France and for the French overseas departements. The other appendixes concern: the list of petroleum products concerned by the legal obligation of strategic storage, the relations between the professional committee of strategic stockpiles (CPSSP) and the anonymous society of security stocks management (SAGESS), and some examples of monthly and annual declaration forms. (J.S.)

  3. 依法治国视域下高职院校章程建设的实施路径探究%The Exploration on the Implementation Ways for the Charter Construction of Higher Vocational Colleges in the Perspective of the Rule of Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐维东

    2015-01-01

    《章程》 建设是高职院校建立现代大学制度、 推进依法治校的核心. 分析了高职院校章程建设的必要性, 从健全完善党委领导下的校长负责制、 构建系统完善的配套制度体系、 加强执行监督机制建设、 建立修改完善地常态机制等方面, 对章程建设的实施路径做了探究.%The "charter" is the core to promote the rule of law, establishing the modern university system in Higher Vocational Colleges. The article analyzes the necessity of the charter construction, and explores the implementation ways of the charter construction from the aspects of perfecting the president duties un-der the Party Committee's leadership, constituting the college system, strengthening the implementation su-pervision system, and establishing and improving the normal mechanism, etc.

  4. 《大西洋宪章》构建和平思想的价值探析%Research on the Peace Building Thoughts in the Atlantic Charter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱大伟

    2012-01-01

    《大西洋宪章》是二战史上一个具有重要历史意义的文献,它在颁布后成为反法西斯盟国构建世界政治经济新秩序的总蓝图,集中体现了盟国战后和平建设的思想和方略,如反殖民主义和反扩张主义、经济国际主义、社会安全和集体裁军等。表现出战时盟国进行的和平建设所具有的积极特征,首先是建设和平条件的全面性,积极和平建设和消极和平建设的兼顾;其次是和平建设的公正性、广泛性和开放性。在《大西洋宪章》指导下,正是战时盟国进行的和平建设所具有的这些积极特征确保了战后世界整体和平的出现。%The Atlantic Charter was an important historic literature in the World War II history, it become the total blueprint according to which anti-fascist allies building a new world political and economic order after enactment. It embodies allies' postwar peace-building thinking, such as the anti-colonialism and anti - expansionism, economic internationalism,, social security and col- lective disarmament. It also demonstrated the positive features of the allies' peace - building, firstly, the conditions of the compre- hensive peace-building, taking both positive peace building and peace-building into account; secondly, the fairness, broadness and openness of peace-building. It is just these positive characteristics that ensues the presence of postwar total peace.

  5. The Mayors' Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magee, Michael

    2014-01-01

    In 2007, the case could be made that Rhode Island had, dollar for dollar, the worst-performing public education system in the United States. Despite per-pupil expenditures ranking in the top 10 nationally, the state's 8th graders fared no better than 40th in reading and 33rd in math on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).…

  6. Charter of good practices in industrial radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes good practices in the field of industrial radiography. After having presented the main prevention and radiation protection principles, the actors inside and outside of the company, and actors intervening during an operation subcontracting in industrial radiography, this report analyzes the activity: prerequisites for work preparation, prevention coordination, work preparation, transportation, work achievement, return on experience. It addresses personnel training and information, and the dosimetric and medical monitoring of technicians in industrial radiography. Some aspects are addressed in appendix: principles (justification, optimization, and limitation), regulations, intervention form, exposure form, and so on

  7. Happy anniversary to the Baltic Charter!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    16. jaanuaril 1998 allkirjastasid Balti riikide presidendid ja USA president Washingtonis USA-Balti partnerlusharta. Foto: Läti president Guntis Ulmanis, USA president Clinton, Eesti president Lennart Meri ja Leedu president Algirdas Brazauskas Valges Majas. (AP foto)

  8. Individuality and mass consumption in charter tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Jakob

    2011-01-01

    Intercultural communication has mainly been described in terms of national differences disturbing the sending and receiving of messages. In this article, it is argued that the local organizational context has to be taken into account. By linking Bourdieu’s theories on the social organization of...... differences to recent theories of organizational communication, the focus of the article is directed at describing the impact of informal and power-related aspects in intercultural communication. The usefulness of a theory on intercultural organizational communication is illustrated by the results of an...

  9. 75 FR 11554 - Yakima River Basin Conservation Advisory Group Charter Renewal; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... improved streamflows for fish and wildlife and improve the reliability of water supplies for irrigation...). The purpose of the CAG is to provide recommendations to the Secretary of the Interior and the State of... consultation with the State, the Yakama Nation, Yakima River basin irrigators, and other interested and...

  10. 76 FR 28414 - Provincial Advisory Committees Charter Re-Establishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... Northern Spotted Owl. The PACs also provide advice and recommendations to promote integration and..., Office of Public and Legislative Affairs, Forest Service, USDA (503) 808-2242. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...: Forest Service, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of...

  11. Education for Citizenship in For-Profit Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitzlein, Sarah M.

    2013-01-01

    Most Americans and many residents of other democratic countries hold public schools to the social and political goal of preparing children to be good citizens. This goal is being challenged by some new forms of schooling promoted through popular education reform movements, especially in the US. This article reveals potentially insurmountable…

  12. ISCN-GULF Sustainable Campus Charter Report 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Sandberg, Teresia; Häckner, Lina; Finnveden, Göran; Westin, Birgitta

    2015-01-01

    This report describes KTH Royal Institute of Technology’s work with the environment andsustainability during 2014. The report has been compiled for the International SustainableCampus Network (ISCN) and is based on ISCN’s three principles encompassing individual buildings, campus-wide planning and target setting, and integration of research, teaching, outreach and facilities for sustainability. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, founded in 1827, is the largest and oldest technical university ...

  13. 77 FR 27553 - National Charter Schools Week, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... succeed can serve as models of reform for other public schools. In an economy where knowledge is our most... Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-sixth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR...

  14. 76 FR 25525 - National Charter Schools Week, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... in a unique position to spark a dialogue with other public schools on how to organize teaching and... two hundred and thirty-fifth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2011-11067 Filed 5-4-11; 8:45 am]...

  15. 75 FR 24367 - National Charter Schools Week, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... communities are working together to transform our public schools, and countless children stand to benefit from.... (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2010-10730 Filed 5-4-10; 8:45 am] Billing code 3195-W0-P...

  16. Trade-Offs at Ella Baker Public Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Kate; Swanson, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    This case was written for educational leadership courses, especially ones focused on organizational change. The case explores a principal's first year at school where the student achievement and school climate were not meeting the school's lofty mission. Readers of the case should consider the steps and perspectives taken by the principal during…

  17. 78 FR 59880 - Enhanced Consumer Protections for Charter Air Transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... of information to aid in consumer decision-making, but this also cannot be quantified. The baseline... enough time for the consumer to make an informed decision as to whether he or she wants to accept the... the consumer time to make an informed decision as to whether to accept the change. At that point,...

  18. Charter for the ARM Atmospheric Modeling Advisory Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Advisory Group, ARM Atmospheric Modeling

    2016-05-01

    The Atmospheric Modeling Advisory Group of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is guided by the following: 1. The group will provide feedback on the overall project plan including input on how to address priorities and trade-offs in the modeling and analysis workflow, making sure the modeling follows general best practices, and reviewing the recommendations provided to ARM for the workflow implementation. 2. The group will consist of approximately 6 members plus the PI and co-PI of the Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) ARM Symbiotic Simulation and Observation (LASSO) pilot project. The ARM Technical Director, or his designee, serves as an ex-officio member. This size is chosen based on the ability to efficiently conduct teleconferences and to span the general needs for input to the LASSO pilot project.

  19. 50 CFR 300.67 - Charter halibut limited access program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... venture, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, or any other entity where at least 75... is the individual or non-individual entity to which the State of Alaska Department of Fish and Game... made; or (B) If the applicant is applying as a successor-in-interest to an entity that is not...

  20. Managing Talent for School Coherence: Learning from Charter Management Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeArmond, Michael; Gross, Betheny; Bowen, Melissa; Demeritt, Allison; Lake, Robin

    2012-01-01

    The current wave of new teacher evaluation systems around the country offers an opportunity to broaden the conversation surrounding teacher effectiveness and its relationship to school coherence, to look at how schools and school systems might take a more integrated and intentional approach to attracting, training, and managing high-quality…

  1. Industrial radiography Charter of right practices to prevent professional risks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The practice of industrial radiography is often executed in difficult working conditions and then, if sufficient precautions are not taken generates important radiological exposures. This document has for aim to fix rules of right practices, without substituting to regulations rules, and has to allow: to reduce the workers exposures, to improve working conditions and then the quality of this one, to help the whole of enterprises concerned to respect the regulation. (N.C.)

  2. 76 FR 16754 - Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants for Replication and Expansion of High-Quality Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ... operation of the school and any year in which the school's enrollment substantially expands significantly... Department's top priorities is to help turn around the Nation's lowest-performing public schools. The... in public schools in the surrounding area. Proposed Priority This proposed priority is for...

  3. II. Meşrutiyet’in Kimlik Arayışlarına Bir Örnek: İttihâd-ı Anâsır-ı Osmaniye Heyeti, Nizamnamesi, Yapısı ve Amaçları An Example to the Quest of Identity of The Second Constitutionalist Period: The Charter, Structure and Aims of Committee of the Unity of Ottoman Ethnic Elements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cem DOĞAN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Three main doctrines were put forth and debated on account of their usefulness so as to save the state in the phase of the decline of the Ottoman Empire. The first one was Pan-Islamizm (İttihâd-ı İslâm at which aimed reorganizing the Empire by Islamic rules in real terms. According to the Pan-Islamists, the Empire and society were in collapse for the last ages due to the ignorance of the real esence and rules of Islam. So, the thing had to be done was to adopt the Islamic Law (Şeriat to the conditions of the day. The second one was Westernization idea and Its goal was to imitate the Western civilization spesific areas and scales, perceive what kind of dynamics on the Western societal, economic, political and intellectual ideas are arising and use this in the Empire as modernization instrument. And the last ideas was İttihâd-ı Anâsır (Unity of the Ethnic Elements which was designed upon the union of all Ottoman subjects. Its purpose was to unite every person under “Ottoman” supra-identity. Thus, citizens would use their sub-identity in the private spaces and they would have been regarded as Ottomans by their supra-identity in the public spaces. By this way, a sense of unity was going to be founded amongst the subjects which formed the country. In this sense, as an institution in the Second Constitutionalist Period’s political life, Committee of Unity of the Ottoman Ethnic Elements was to endeavor for the union of Ottoman subjects without distinguishing sect, idea, nation, personality or gender. This article aims to enlighten the purposes and ideas of Committee of the Unity of Ottoman Ethnic Elements by considering its charter. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu çökerken, devleti kurtarmak için başlıcaüç ana doktrin öne sürüldü ve işe yararlıkları bakımından tartışıldı. Bufikir akımlarından ilki, İmparatorluğu gerçek anlamıyla İslâmi kaidelerçerçevesinde yeniden düzenlemek amacını güden İttihâd-ı İsl

  4. Análise crítica da Carta Brasileira de Prevenção Integrada na Área da Saúde na Perspectiva da Educação Física através do enfoque radical de promoção da saúde Critical analysis of the Brazilian Charter of Integrated Prevention in the Field of Health in the Perspective of Physical Education through the radical focus of health promotion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio F. B. de Carvalho

    2009-06-01

    in order to develop a monograph upon the completion of the Public Health specialization course at the National School of Public Health Sergio Arouca, of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. The Brazilian Charter of Integrated Prevention in the Field of Health in the Perspective of Physical Education, a document written by the Federal Council of Physical Education (CONFEF in 2006, was critically analyzed based on the radical focus of Health Promotion. This focus can be summarized as an articulation between health and life conditions, emphasizing social equity interrelations, through the increase in the capacity for popular participation, intersectoriality, promotion of healthy public policies, creation of environments that are favorable to health, and through a reorientation of the health system, based on a broader view of the health-disease process and on the recognition of the multi-determination of this process (OMS, 1986; Buss, 2000, 2001, 2007; Pedrosa, 2004. We concluded that the document that we analyzed assumes a biological and medical view concerning the relation between Physical Education and society. We recommend that this document is revised based on the critical perspective connected with the Physical Education field, which relates physical activities and health to broader social issues which prevent subjects from making healthier decisions, such as economic, cultural, ethnic and political conditioning factors.

  5. Marketing Sustainability in Charter Tourism : The Influence of Brands, Eco-Labels and their Combination on the Swedish Charter Tourist´s Decision Making

    OpenAIRE

    Reje, Anders; Dreger, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Tourism as one of the biggest industries in the world has been changing continuously and rapidly. The publishing of the Brundtland Report in 1987 has accelerated the discussion about combining economic, social and environmental factors – the so-called triple-bottom line – in order to secure long-term sustainable living conditions on a finite planet for both business and society. This has lead to occurring pressure from different stakeholder groups as for example policy makers or non-governmen...

  6. The National Digital Stewardship Alliance Charter: Enabling Collaboration to Achieve National Digital Preservation

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Martha; Gallinger, Michelle; Potter, Abigail

    2009-01-01

    The Library of Congress proposes extending the success of the NDIIPP (National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program) network by forming a national stewardship alliance of committed digital preservation partners.

  7. 77 FR 69692 - Guidance on Review and Approval of Public Charter Prospectuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... collected consumer funds, accepting debit as well as credit card payments, through a voucher program in... card, but not by debit card.\\1\\ The Department will consider exemptions to this requirement provided it can be assured that debit card issuers, their merchant ] banks and credit card/debit card...

  8. Catholic Ethos, Public Education: How the Christian Brothers Came to Start Two Charter Schools in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The idea that one of the Catholic Church's most respected religious orders might run a public school sounded odd, maybe even, as Francis Cardinal George, head of the Archdiocese of Chicago, conjectured, illegal. But a decade ago several trends in American education, and in the Catholic Church, made a Catholic-operated public school seem…

  9. Defining Leadership in Charter Schools: Examining the Intersection of Social Justice and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shealy, Monika Williams; Sparks, Cristina Washington; Thomas, Nehemiah

    2012-01-01

    Much of the research on social justice and equity in special education has centered on examining the persistent problem of disproportionate representation in special education and the implications of this problem for the educational experiences of learners from diverse backgrounds, particularly African Americans. Yet, outside this ongoing dialogue…

  10. 76 FR 26720 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Notification of a Public Teleconference of the Chartered...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ..., the SAB Staff Office requested public nominations of experts (74 FR 32607-32608) and augmented the SAB Environmental Economics Advisory Committee. The Environmental Economics Advisory Committee Augmented for Valuing Mortality Risk Reduction held a face- to-face public meeting on January 20-21, 2011 (75 FR 80048-80049)...

  11. 78 FR 9689 - Notification of a Public Meeting of the Chartered Science Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... and, if they differ substantially, to understand why. EPA's National Center for Environmental Economics prepared a series of case studies attempting to assess compliance costs retrospectively that,...

  12. 3 CFR 8372 - Proclamation 8372 of May 4, 2009. National Charter Schools Week, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... high-quality education that delivers the knowledge and skills needed to succeed, and that young men and... dedication and commitment to achievement in education. They are models of excellence and are promoting the interests of our children, our economy, and our Nation as a whole. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK...

  13. Forum The Arab Charter for Satellite Broadcasting – A Reply to Hussein Amin

    OpenAIRE

    Shukrallah, Hani

    2009-01-01

    A little over a year ago, and virtually overnight, several editors of state-owned newspapers in Egypt came to the sudden discovery that there was pornography on the internet. In wordy overheated editorials, they each sounded the alarm regarding the dire effects free internet access could have on our morals, values and the very fabric of our society. One went further to point out that an insulting Dutch documentary on the Prophet Muhammad, which at the time had been creating a furore in the Mu...

  14. 77 FR 69593 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Exempted Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... distribution and seasonal abundance of different shark species, and collecting and sampling sharks caught... billfish larval tows to determine billfish habitat use, life history, and population structure; and... quota for the public display and research of all sharks. However, the smoothhound shark research...

  15. South Florida Sportfishing Geodatabase Charter and Private Vessels from 1991 to 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Number of boats per grid,year and month. Source data for the calculations: Marine Recreational Fisheries Statistics Survey (MRFSS), Head boat data (HB) and Aerial...

  16. Civil Rights Project's Response to "Re-Analysis" of Charter School Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) was founded, in part, to bring rigorous social science inquiry to bear on the most pressing civil rights issues. On-going trends involving public school segregation have been a primary focus of the CRP's research, and the expanding policy emphasis on school choice prompted analysis of the much smaller--but…

  17. 75 FR 12554 - Clinical Laboratory Improvement Advisory Committee: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-16

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Clinical Laboratory Improvement Advisory...-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Advisory Committee, Centers for..., Clinical Laboratory Improvement Advisory Committee, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,...

  18. 34 CFR 226.3 - What regulations apply to the State Charter School Facilities Incentive program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of Education Programs and Activities). (5) 34 CFR part 80 (Uniform Administrative Requirements for...: (a) The Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) as follows: (1) 34 CFR part... other Non-Profit Organizations). (2) 34 CFR part 75 (Direct Grant Programs). (3) 34 CFR part...

  19. School Innovation in District Context: Comparing Traditional Public Schools and Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Courtney; Goldring, Ellen; Berends, Mark; Cannata, Marisa

    2012-01-01

    Market reforms in education are part of the educational policy landscape in many countries. Central to arguments for market reforms is the idea that competition and choice will spur changes in schools to be more innovative, which in turn will lead to better student outcomes. We define innovation in terms of a practice's relative prevalence in a…

  20. Shipping marketing & customer orientation: The psychology & buying behavior of charterer & shipper in the tramp & liner market

    OpenAIRE

    Plomaritou, Evi I.; Plomaritou, Vasso; Giziakis, Kostas

    2011-01-01

    Marketing of shipping companies is not only concerned with the development and implementation of successful strategies. For marketing to be successful there needs to be a marketing orientation throughout the company which fosters the marketing concept and demonstrates a marketing approach to all internal and external activities. The concept of customer orientation in business markets has attracted attention from both academics and managers and it has been widely used in the marketing discipli...

  1. Exploring the Leadership Practices of Social Justice Leaders at Urban Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Kandle

    2012-01-01

    While by and large urban public schools continue to not serve the needs of all of the students in their communities, there are some school principals who are creating educational equity for all of their students and deserve to be called social justice leaders. This study aimed to expand the field of school leadership studies and focus on social…

  2. 76 FR 40898 - Final Priorities, Requirements, and Selection Criteria; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... a rate at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the... public schools in the surrounding area. Changes: We have added a Note following Priority 4--Promoting... are served in public schools in the surrounding area. Comment: One commenter suggested that we...

  3. 77 FR 13304 - Application for New Awards; Charter Schools Program (CSP); Grants for Replication and Expansion...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... disabilities at a rate that is at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the surrounding area; and (c) Serve English learners at a rate that is at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the surrounding area. In support...

  4. 75 FR 28789 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... any State or local rules, generally applicable to public schools, that will be waived for, or... requirements for the School Improvement Grants, published in the Federal Register on December 10, 2009 (74...

  5. 76 FR 40890 - Application for New Awards; Charter Schools Program (CSP); Grants for Replication and Expansion...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... that is at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the... these students are served in public schools in the surrounding area. In support of this priority... on October 28, 2010 (75 FR 66363). Competitive Preference Priority 3--Promoting Diversity (up to...

  6. [Ethic charter of the German Society for the Study of Pain (DGSS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiter-Theil, S; Graf-Baumann, T; Kutzer, K; Müller-Busch, H C; Stutzki, R; Traue, H C; Willweber-Strumpf, A; Zimmermann, M; Zenz, M

    2008-04-01

    The German Society for the Study of Pain has formed an interdisciplinary committee to answer urgent ethical questions on the diagnosis and treatment of pain and to give an ethical orientation on the care of pain and palliative patients. The treatment of pain is a fundamental objective of medicine. Competent and adequate relief of pain in all stages of life is a basic characteristic of a humane medicine oriented to the quality and meaning of life for people. However, there are substantial deficits in all areas, especially in the knowledge of physicians and patients, in training and further education, diagnosis and therapy. Freedom from pain is a substantial element of quality of life. A central duty of all physicians is an adequate diagnosis and treatment of acute pain and thereby the prophylaxis of chronic pain. If pain persists over a longer period of time, it loses the warning function and becomes taken for granted. Alterations, disabilities and limitations of the physical, psychic and social levels are the consequences. For these patients an interdisciplinary approach is necessary by which various medical disciplines, psychologists and physiotherapists are involved and all collaborate on the diagnosis and therapy of pain. All patients have the right to sufficient and individually tailored treatment of pain. Special attention must be paid to vulnerable patient groups, such as newborns, children and adolescents, as well as aged and mentally retarded patients. For cancer patients pain relief of their tumor pain is totally in the forefront. Indications of "unbearable pain" must not lead to resignation or even be seen as an argument for legalization of "death on request". The nursing of terminally ill patients necessitates a special measure not only of clinical, but also ethical competence, communication and multiprofessional collaboration. The modern options for palliative care are real alternatives to demands for legalization of "death on request". Physician-assisted suicide does not belong to the scope of functions of palliative medicine. The basic constitutional law makes an appropriate treatment of pain obligatory. Neglect of pain treatment fulfils the elements of criminal bodily harm. As a consequence, there is a legal right to a comprehensive pain diagnosis and a pain treatment corresponding to the appropriate standard. The state is obliged to provide the legal, social and financial prerequisites for an adequate treatment of pain. Continuous efforts in research are necessary to fill the existing gaps in our knowledge. The transfer between basic research and clinical application of pain therapy must be urgently improved. Of central importance for the German Pain Society are therefore: Improvement of training and further education in pain therapy. Chronic pain must be accepted and coded as an autonomous sickness. Graded structures for care of pain patients must be realized. Interdisciplinary structures of care must be made available to patients with chronic pain. Palliative medical care is a basic right of all terminally ill patients. Politics and health care providers must establish prerequisites for adequate pain diagnosis, pain therapy and palliative medicine. PMID:18351397

  7. Fetal syndromes and the charter: the Winnipeg glue-sniffing case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormack, T

    1999-01-01

    The relationship between scientific knowledge and legal discourse is raised once again by a recent decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, a case involving a young Aboriginal woman who was pregnant and ordered by the court to remain in a drug treatment program at a health center until the baby was born. Her glue-sniffing habit was deemed dangerous to the normal development of the fetus. The Court held that her solvent-dependency did not justify the original court action, but both the Court and the various interveners disregarded the current state of our knowledge on the fetal syndromes. There is thus a continuing disconnect between the scientific understanding of fetal risk and the development of Constitutional law around women's reproductive rights. This paper reviews the case and follows it through the appellate process; we examine the research literature on fetal syndromes tracking the changes over time. Finally we comment on the interventions by the Winnipeg Child and Family Services, the Women's Health Rights Coalition, by The Canadian Civil Liberties Association, and both The Canadian Abortion Rights Action League and the Women's Legal Education and Action Fund. PMID:12449975

  8. Heritage Language Education and Investment among Asian American Middle Schoolers: Insights from a Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ming-Hsuan; Lee, Kathy; Leung, Genevieve

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates Mandarin learning experiences of Chinese American teenagers from working-class families. Drawing on a subset of data from a larger ethnographic study, we focus on 14 middle schoolers who studied Mandarin as a heritage language at a socially engaging school with Mandarin as part of its official curriculum. The data highlight…

  9. 77 FR 47067 - Notification of Two Public Quality Review Teleconferences of the Chartered Science Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-07

    ... Ecological Risk Assessment in Environmental Decision- Making'' (EPA-SAB-08-002). Background information about... review report on EPA's accounting framework for biogenic carbon dioxide emissions from stationary sources... report entitled ``SAB Review (7-26-12 Draft) of EPA's Accounting Framework for Biogenic CO 2...

  10. THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE, UNIDIRECTIONAL CHARTER OF THE DISSOLVED SALTS AND SUSPENDED LOAD

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolae Florea; Valentina Cotet

    2012-01-01

    In this paper it is underlined that the hydrologic cycle in nature, reversible and regenerating of fresh water, carries out also an unidirectional and irreversible circulation – by means of a fragment of the hydrologic cycle – of the dissolved salts and stream’s suspended load, entailed by the water drained from continents to ocean. The trend is to transfer soluble salts from land to ocean in the same time with the running water on land in the portion of the hydrologic cycle which refers to t...

  11. 78 FR 12411 - Shipping Coordinating Committee Notice of Renewal of Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Shipping... for the Shipping Coordinating Committee (SHC) without significant substantive change. Through this... Maritime Organization (IMO), and other matters relating to international maritime shipping. The...

  12. 76 FR 9577 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women: Notice of Charter Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young.... 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, National... Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and...

  13. Letters of Chartered Land Surveyors at the State Archive in Zadar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Mirošević

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present and analyze a small part of geodetic and cartographic heritage from the period of Venetian administration in Dalmatia which has been kept and preserved at the State Archive in Zadar. Due to the establishment of cadastral service for the purposes of Venetian administration, land surveyors worked in the field. The subject of this research are letters from the State Archive in Zadar, written by land surveyors in field and addressed to General Regent. The research contains 674 letters dealing with the issue of cadastral survey throughout the 18th century. Importance and complexity of these letters rest upon the fact that surveys refer mostly to the border area between Venetian and Turkish properties in Dalmatia, an area where the border was often submitted to changes. Every new acquisition of the Venetian administration brought inevitable changes to the land area. Since some of the letters contain maps of specific areas, they also represent a valuable contribution to cartography. 

  14. 75 FR 43492 - Federal Advisory Committee; National Security Education Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... emphasized in other United States study abroad programs, such as countries in which few United States students are studying and countries which are of importance to the national security interests of...

  15. 76 FR 62374 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Alaska Recreational Charter Vessel Guide and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... information technology. ] Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and/or included in... their operations and fishing behavior, and costs and earnings information are generally not available... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request;...

  16. 12 CFR Appendix B to Part 701 - Chartering and Field of Membership Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... industry, it can serve airline and airport personnel but not passengers. Clients or customers of the TIP... occupational credit union. A single occupational common bond credit union may also serve a trade, industry, or... Trade, Industry, or Profession (TIP) (see Chapter 2, Section II.A.2). A geographic limitation is not...

  17. 75 FR 13740 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... Improvement Grants published in the Federal Register on December 10, 2009 (74 FR 65618) (SIG Notice)) in...'' margins at the top, bottom, and both sides. Double space (no more than three lines per vertical inch) all... schools, such as teacher qualifications and retention, and the demographic makeup (e.g., age, race,...

  18. Knowledge Sharing: Understanding the Tension between Practice and Process at Standard Chartered Bank

    OpenAIRE

    Castellano, Anna

    2005-01-01

    The present dissertation looks at intra-firm knowledge sharing as a source of competitive advantage. In particular, it investigates the ways in which knowledge originating from individuals is amplified through sharing and thereby transformed into an organisational asset. Organisations share knowledge through social practice, in the form of informal conversations, networking, and communities of practice, and through the design of processes, such as structures, processes, routines, roles, and p...

  19. Civic Education and Charter Schools: Current Knowledge and Future Research Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chudowsky, Naomi; Chudowsky, Victor

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, as schools have shifted more attention to English language arts and mathematics, several groups have made a plea for renewed attention to civic education for all students. One such group is the Spencer Foundation, which promotes research to improve students' civics knowledge and skills and their dispositions for responsible…

  20. Managing Talent for School Coherence: Learning from Charter Management Organizations. Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeArmond, Michael; Gross, Betheny; Bowen, Melissa; Demeritt, Allison; Lake, Robin

    2012-01-01

    The current wave of new teacher evaluation systems around the country offers an opportunity to broaden the conversation surrounding teacher effectiveness and its relationship to school coherence, to look at how schools and school systems might take a more integrated and intentional approach to attracting, training, and managing high-quality…

  1. Evaluating the dynamics of project strategy in innovative enterprises : Case: Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria (SCBN) Limited

    OpenAIRE

    Oladepo, O. Emmanuel

    2013-01-01

    This research evaluates the dynamics of project strategy in innovative enterprises. More particularly, this research deploys the concepts of project autonomy and multiplicity of stakeholders as determinants of successful project strategy. From the theoretical point of view, this research defines and explains the significance of the concepts of project strategy in a single project’s environment. The main objective of this research is to contribute to the existing project management studies by ...

  2. School Contexts and "Acting White": Peer Networks of Somali Immigrant Youths in an Afrocentric Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Moosung; Madyun, Na'im; Lam, Beatrice Oi-yeung; Jumale, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    We examine whether the "acting white" labeling practice and subsequent peer isolation exist (or do not exist) within Somali immigrant adolescents, one of the most underresearched black immigrant student groups, and what school contexts are associated with their presence (or absence). Using a case study, we found that high-achieving…

  3. THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE, UNIDIRECTIONAL CHARTER OF THE DISSOLVED SALTS AND SUSPENDED LOAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Florea

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper it is underlined that the hydrologic cycle in nature, reversible and regenerating of fresh water, carries out also an unidirectional and irreversible circulation – by means of a fragment of the hydrologic cycle – of the dissolved salts and stream’s suspended load, entailed by the water drained from continents to ocean. The trend is to transfer soluble salts from land to ocean in the same time with the running water on land in the portion of the hydrologic cycle which refers to the water transfer from continents to ocean in order to equilibrate the annual water balance of the hydrologic cycle. But, one can realize here and there some local salt accumulations in salt soils or in salt lakes within areas without drainage in arid climate; these salts accumulations are cases of local hydrologic cycles „grafted” along the way of water on land (to ocean. The energy necessary to the hydrologic cycle in nature is delivered by the Sun, and the entropy remains at a low level as a consequence of the elimination in this cycle of water vapors with high entropy, and of the receiving of liquid or solid water with low entropy, so that the annual level of entropy is maintained at a low level.

  4. A Job Analysis for K-8 Principals in a Nationwide Charter School System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumings, Laura; Coryn, Chris L. S.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Although no single technique on its own can predict job performance, a job analysis is a customary approach for identifying the relevant knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAO) necessary to successfully complete the job tasks of a position. Once the position requirements are identified, the hiring process is…

  5. 77 FR 16558 - Yakima River Basin Conservation Advisory Group Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-21

    ... fish and wildlife and improve the reliability of water supplies for irrigation. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... the Secretary of the Interior and the State of Washington on the structure and implementation of the... economic incentives with cooperative Federal, State, and local funding to stimulate the identification...

  6. ORONYMS IN SERBIAN MEDIEVAL CHARTERS: THEIR MEMORIAL IN FUNCTION OF THE BORDER AREA ENTITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Снежана Божанић

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Relief is one of the most important and influential elements of the environment. All forms of the Earth's surface, i.e. its roughness and plane surfaces predetermine the type and forms of borders in a space. Mountains, hills, and mountain peaks, head, ridges, cliffs, rocks, steep slopes, headlands, valleys and pastures have a border role. Oronyms are clear, precise, easily visible, immobile, permanent borders, which exist under the same or similar name since the Middle Ages to the present day.

  7. Neurocognitive Change in the Era of HIV Combination Antiretroviral Therapy: The Longitudinal CHARTER Study

    OpenAIRE

    Franklin, Donald R.; Deutsch, Reena; Casaletto, Kaitlin; Marquine, Maria J.; Woods, Steven P.; Collier, Ann C; Marra, Christina M.; Clifford, David B.; Gelman, Benjamin B.; Sacktor, Ned; Simpson, David M.; Grant, Igor; Franklin, Donald; ELLIS, Ronald J.; Alexander, Terry

    2014-01-01

    CNS HIVAnti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research examined incidence and predictors of neurocognitive (NC) change in 436 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults over 4–7 semiannual visits; 22.7% evidenced NC decline and 16.5% NC improvement. These changes were predicted by HIV disease and treatment factors, demographics, and comorbid conditions.

  8. Identifying Leadership Potential: The Process of Principals within a Charter School Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waidelich, Lynn A.

    2012-01-01

    The importance of strong educational leadership for American K-12 schools cannot be overstated. As such, school districts need to actively recruit and develop leaders. One way to do so is for school officials to become more strategic in leadership identification and development. If contemporary leaders are strategic about whom they identify and…

  9. 76 FR 41245 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Notification of a Public Teleconference of the Chartered...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... new research needs for oil spill treatment methods (e.g., in-situ burning, bioremediation, and the use... 28, 2011 to conduct a quality review of a draft SAB report, Review of EPA's Draft Oil Spill Research... SAB draft report entitled Review of EPA's Draft Oil Spill Research Strategy. The SAB will comply...

  10. Brave New Words: Labour, The Courts and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judy Fudge

    2015-12-01

    syndical. Elle considère le paradoxe que la Cour Suprême épouse des droits des travailleurs Fordistes dans une économie post-Fordiste, et suggère un rôle modeste, mais important, que pourrait jouer la Cour pour favoriser la justice sociale dans le nouveau monde prometteur du travail.

  11. 75 FR 6151 - Chartering and Field of Membership for Federal Credit Unions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... danger of insolvency'' for emergency merger purposes. 74 FR 68722 (December 29, 2009). NCUA has received.... 74 FR 68722 (December 29, 2009). NCUA requested comments on its proposal and set a 60-day comment... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] NATIONAL CREDIT...

  12. 77 FR 39220 - Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing (ACCRES); Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-02

    ... Congress and with the Library of Congress. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tahara D. Dawkins, Director..., Silver Spring, Maryland 20910; telephone (301) 713-3385, fax (301) 713-1249, or Richard James...

  13. 75 FR 36257 - Chartering and Field of Membership for Federal Credit Unions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... understood measure that reflects the social and economic integration of geographic areas.'' 65 FR 82233 (Dec.... In a community based model, significant interaction through commuting patterns into one central area....'' The amendments clarify NCUA's marketing plan requirements for credit unions converting to or...

  14. 78 FR 72600 - Proposed Priorities, Requirements, and Definitions-Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ..., and non-cognitive skills. In order to achieve superior outcomes, the effective development and...: brian.martin@ed.gov . If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text telephone (TTY... program, published in the Federal Register on July 12, 2011 (76 FR 40898). The proposed definitions...

  15. Race and Racelessness in CMO Marketing: Exploring Charter Management Organizations' Racial Construction and Its Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Laura E.

    2016-01-01

    As schools face growing competitive pressures, researchers have investigated the increasing reliance on marketing and its implications for various racial and socioeconomic groups. Although research has expanded our knowledge of marketing's gatekeeping qualities, it has less often considered the manner in which school marketing efforts contribute…

  16. A Charter of Rights for Ireland: An Unknown Quantity in the Good Friday/Belfast Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Egan, Suzanne; Murray, Rachel

    2007-01-01

    The basic aim of the Good Friday/Belfast Agreement was to try to achieve a political settlement to the conflict in Northern Ireland. While the channels for the settlement were to be primarily institutional, the importance of safeguarding the rights of both communities in Northern Ireland by addressing equality and justice issues was recognized, to varying degrees, by all parties to the process that led to the drafting of the Agreement. As the negotiations progressed, the human rights section ...

  17. 75 FR 42455 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Safety and Occupational Health Study Section... October 6, 1972, that the Safety and Occupational Health Study Section, Centers for Disease Control and..., 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Price Connor, PhD, Executive Secretary, Safety and...

  18. 77 FR 43090 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Safety and Occupational Health Study Section... October 6, 1972, that the Safety and Occupational Health Study Section, Centers for Disease Control and..., 2014. For more information contact: Price Connor, Ph.D., Executive Secretary, Safety and...

  19. Trade, Self-Governance,and the Provision of Law and Order, with an Application To Medieval English Chartered Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Angelucci, Charles; Meraglia, Simone

    2013-01-01

    We build a model to investigate the interaction between trade, the supply of law and order, and the nature of governing political institutions. To supply law and order necessary for a representative merchant to create wealth, a ruler (i) appoints officials capable of coercion and (ii) introduces a system of taxation. When potential gains from trade are important, the demand for law and order is high but appointing numerous officials capable of coercion may pave the way to arbitrary and distor...

  20. 34 CFR 225.3 - What regulations apply to the Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Intergovernmental Review of Department of Education Programs and Activities). (5) 34 CFR part 80 (Uniform... (EDGAR) as follows: (1) 34 CFR part 74 (Administration of Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and other Non-Profit Organizations). (2) 34 CFR part 75 (Direct...

  1. 12 CFR 575.9 - Charters and bylaws for mutual holding companies and their savings association subsidiaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... nonassessable. Section 6. Directors. The Mutual Company shall be under the direction of a board of directors... holders of the savings, demand, or other authorized accounts of ______ (the “Association”) are members of... preapproved amendment has been approved by the members at a legal meeting. Any other amendment,...

  2. 77 FR 530 - Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law: Notice of Renewal of Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... foreign arbitral awards; the protection of minors; inter-country adoption; child abduction; cross-border... domestic and international developments in private international law; provides a means for state, local and... the development of positions for efforts to harmonize or negotiate uniform rules of private law at...

  3. 77 FR 60703 - Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection and Control Advisory Committee: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection and... Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection...

  4. 75 FR 61760 - Amendment of the Charter for the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... Secretaries of Agriculture and Education. In implementing the provisions of Executive Order 13545, the... shall serve for a term of two years, shall be eligible for reappointment, and may continue to serve... Pfohl, Executive Director, President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition, Tower Building,...

  5. Dual Orleans Systems Grow in Storm's Wake. Complex 'Overlapping Circles' of Governance, Prevalence of Charter Schools Mark Landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2006-01-01

    Nine months after Hurricane Katrina crippled the New Orleans school district, two distinct systems of public schools are slowly emerging in the city. The highly unusual arrangement is fraught with questions, from the small--What should we call it?--to the large--Will it work? Where there once was a traditionally governed district, there now is a…

  6. 76 FR 11456 - Science Advisory Board Staff Office; Notification of a Public Meeting of the Chartered Science...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... SAB to consider a draft report commenting on the President's requested FY 2012 budget for EPA research... meeting will be held at the Umstead Hotel, Cary, North Carolina. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Any... President's requested FY 2012 budget for research and to discuss SAB plans to provide advice on...

  7. Navigating Special Education in Charter Schools Part I: Understanding Legal Roles and Responsibilities. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2007-01-01

    Special education and related services are mandated by the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and related state special education policies. Policies and procedures associated with implementing IDEA can be complex, cumbersome and time consuming. IDEA is founded on the notion that a free appropriate public education is a…

  8. Using Hirschman's Concept of Exit, Voice, and Loyalty To Understand Public Response to the Charter School Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Dan L.; Taylor-King, Sheila

    When consumers perceive a lessening in the value of any particular good or service provided by a free-market private enterprise, the likelihood of exit (that is, their choice of an alternative provider) is high. Parents of students enrolled in public schools, on the other hand, typically have not been able to choose an alternative service…

  9. 14 CFR 380.31 - General requirements for operator-participant contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS PUBLIC CHARTERS Requirements Applicable to Charter... operator shall not accept payment from or on behalf of a prospective participant unless the participant...

  10. 14 CFR 380.25 - Prospectus filing and related requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS PUBLIC CHARTERS Requirements Applicable to Charter Operators... operator shall operate, sell, receive money from any prospective participant for, or offer to sell or otherwise advertise a charter or series of charters until the Office of Aviation Analysis,...

  11. Perceptions of Bilingualism and Home Language Maintenance and Loss: A Study of Latino Parents at a San Francisco Bay Area Elementary Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enstice, Emily McCormick

    2012-01-01

    There is limited research that investigates parent perceptions with respect to their early elementary school children's home language use. To fill the gap in research, this study explores the relationship between first generation Latino parent perspectives of bilingualism, home language maintenance and loss, and the intersection of culture…

  12. La discipline du marché dans le secteur bancaire : le rôle de l'actionnaire et l'influence de la charter value

    OpenAIRE

    Fendri, Chamsa,

    2012-01-01

    Fully in line with the international financial crisis on the one hand, and with the discussions on the reform of banking regulations issued by Basel III on the other, this thesis focuses on the concept of market discipline in the banking sector, one of the pillars of Basel accords. The thesis seeks, in particular, to answer the following question: can bank shareholders be considered as potential source of market discipline or, conversely, as actors frustrating the objectives of regulators? Us...

  13. Padova Charter on personal injury and damage under civil-tort law : Medico-legal guidelines on methods of ascertainment and criteria of evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrara, Santo Davide; Baccino, Eric; Boscolo-Berto, Rafael; Comandè, Giovanni; Domenici, Ranieri; Hernandez-Cueto, Claudio; Gulmen, Mete Korkut; Mendelson, George; Montisci, Massimo; Norelli, Gian Aristide; Pinchi, Vilma; Ranavaya, Mohammed; Shokry, Dina A; Sterzik, Vera; Vermylen, Yvo; Vieira, Duarte Nuno; Viel, Guido; Zoja, Riccardo

    2016-01-01

    Compensation for personal damage, defined as any pecuniary or non-pecuniary loss causally related to a personal injury under civil-tort law, is strictly based on the local jurisdiction and therefore varies significantly across the world. This manuscript presents the first "International Guidelines on Medico-Legal Methods of Ascertainment and Criteria of Evaluation of Personal Injury and Damage under Civil-Tort Law". This consensus document, which includes a step-by-step illustrated explanation of flow charts articulated in eight sequential steps and a comprehensive description of the ascertainment methodology and the criteria of evaluation, has been developed by an International Working Group composed of juridical and medico-legal experts and adopted as Guidelines by the International Academy of Legal Medicine (IALM). PMID:26342285

  14. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EUROPEAN CHARTER FOR RESEARCHERS AND THE CODE OF CONDUCT FOR RECRUITMENT OF RESEARCHERS IN THE SELECTION PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCES FOR ROMANIAN ENTITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Ecaterina GICA

    2012-01-01

    During the last decades, the Human Resources Management became a very important area of activity, which brought relevant changes to the human resources approach in terms of place and role within the Romanian R&D entities. Also, HR proved its importance through the solutions offered for personnel allocation in order to achieve the entities’ objectives and, meanwhile, it supported the employees’ aspirations. At present, although promoted a series of regulations on the status of the researcher, ...

  15. Headspace vapor charterization of Hanford Waste Tank 241-S-110: Results from samples collected on December 5, 1995. Tank Vapor Characterization Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, B.L.; Evans, J.C.; McVeety, B.D. [and others

    1996-06-01

    This report describes the results of vapor samples taken from the headspace of waste storage tank 241-S-110 (Tank S-110) at the Hanford Site in Washington State. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) contracted with Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) to provide sampling devices and analyze samples for inorganic and organic analytes collected from the tank headspace and ambient air near the tank. The analytical work was performed by the PNNL Vapor Analytical Laboratory (VAL) by the Tank Vapor Characterization Project. Work performed was based on a sample and analysis plan (SAP) prepared by WHC. The SAP provided job-specific instructions for samples, analyses, and reporting. The SAP for this sample job was {open_quotes}Vapor Sampling and Analysis Plan{close_quotes}, and the sample job was designated S5085. Samples were collected by WHC on December 5, 1995, using the Vapor Sampling System (VSS), a truck-based sampling method using a heated probe inserted into the tank headspace.

  16. Electronic Customer Relationship Management (eCRM) from the Perspective of Two Banks with Online Marketing in Pakistan : case of HSBC PK and Standard Chartered Bank PK

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul, Shakoor

    2011-01-01

    This study observes an approach which is known as explorative because it aims to evaluate and examine online media as a tool for e-CRM. In addition, this involves the approach known as iterative also depends on the data, which is qualitative in congestion with observational information. This study builds on the existing literature and theories within customer relationship marketing (CRM). The subfield to CRM, called e-CRM, is further studied the phenomenon of online marketing and online CRM (...

  17. Charter and Direct Run Schools of the Recovery School District (RSD) and Orleans Parish School Board (OPSB) Comparison of High Stakes Tests and Dropout Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andry, Beverly Guillory

    2011-01-01

    The city of New Orleans has embarked on an historic experiment reinventing its schools--once considered among the worst in the country--from a centralized, single district model of education to a two district model in which both the Recovery School District (RSD) and the preexisting Orleans Parish School Board (OPSB) both operate direct run and…

  18. Characterizing HIV medication adherence for virologic success among individuals living with HIV/AIDS: Experience with the CNS HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) cohort

    OpenAIRE

    B. Biswas; Spitznagel, E.; Collier, A.C.; Gelman, B.B.; McArthur, J.C.; Morgello, S; McCutchan, J A; CLIFFORD, D.B.

    2014-01-01

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has changed HIV related illness from terminal to chronic by suppressing viral load which results in immunologic and clinical improvement. Success with ART is dependent on optimal adherence, commonly categorized as >95%. As medication type, class and frequency of use continue to evolve, we assessed adherence levels related to viral suppression. Using a cross-sectional analysis with secondary data (n = 381) from an ongoing multi-site study on impact of ART on the Ce...

  19. Chartered Pluralism; Reforging a Public Philosophy for Public Education. A Background Paper on the School Curriculum Project: Living with Our Deepest Differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamsburg Charter Foundation, Washington, DC.

    How people live with each other's deepest differences is one of the world's most pressing dilemmas. In this pluralistic age the all too common response has been bigotry, fanaticism, terrorism, and state repression. In the United States, the religious liberty clauses of the First Amendment, the public school movement, and the presence of a public…

  20. The Nature of Right in Rem of Bare-Boat Charter Droit%论光船租赁权的物权性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣波; 杜力夫

    2004-01-01

    租赁合同在当事人之间既产生债权法律关系,又产生物权法律关系.租赁权的法律性质应当是用益物权性质.光船租赁中的承租人具有船舶所有人的某些权能,其光船租赁权属于自物权.