WorldWideScience

Sample records for charter parties

  1. Charter and Party Boat Operators in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico: A Social Structure Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Gill, Duane A.; Ditton, Robert B.; Holland, Stephen M.

    1993-01-01

    To better address the charter and party boat fishery needs in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, fishery managers must understand the linkages between the industry and other groups and organizations that affect its success. Gulf state charter and party boat operators were interviewed to ascertain the extent of their social network linkages, membership in community organizations, business community relationships, and linkages to information sources. Approximately one-third to one-half of the charter and...

  2. The legal nature of the voyage charter party and its tax deployment

    OpenAIRE

    Júdice, Mônica Pimenta

    2016-01-01

    The present work has as main approach the voyage charter party. To do so, it was necessary to analyze the legal nature of this type of contract of affreightment, on its total or partial mode. This will enable to understand possible effects of Tax on the Circulation of Goods and Interstate and Intermunicipal Transportation Service – VAT and Service Tax.

  3. Recommendations for Foreign Trade Companies Established in Turkey on Making Charter Party Marine Bills of Lading in Accordance with Letter of Credit-L/C Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Özkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses how charter party marine bills of lading should be made in accordance with the letter of credit-L/C method. In an L/C, in order that the obligation of payment of the applicant (issuing bank and of the confirming bank, if any, against the beneficiary can continue, exporting companies are required to prepare documents in accordance with the UCP 600, ISBP 745 and terms of documentary letter of credit and present them properly (complying presentation. In order to prepare appropriate documents, it is essential for the exporting companies to act according to the three important criteria (letter of credit requirements, UCP 600 and ISPB 745 prevailing in this regard. Since competence of complying presentation requires a certain level of expertise, the exporting companies established in Turkey have experienced difficulties in terms of how to prepare documents and could not get benefit from payment obligation undertaking of the applicant bank and of the confirming bank, if any, due to the presentation of discrepant documents, getting export prices late, and payment of extra fees/commissions. Due to trade property, importing company’s demands and the conditions required by the legislation of the country where the exporting company is established, exporting companies are required to prepare many types of documents. In this study, the common mistakes that exporting companies in Turkey made in preparation of the charter party and the other types of B/Ls are analyzed, the basic and critical features of the charter party B/Ls, in particular, are considered and different and common parts compared to other bill of ladings are evaluated and how they can be organized properly according to letter of credit payment is shown.

  4. Foreign state assistance in enforcing the right to self-determination under the African Charter: Gunme & Ors v. Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Enonchong, Nelson

    2002-01-01

    The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (African Charter) allows any state party that has good reason to believe that another state party has violated the provisions of the Charter to make a complaint (communication) to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (African Commission). But, in spite of persistent reports of widespread human rights violations in Africa, there is no evidence that state parties make use of this procedure to report each other to the African Commis...

  5. National Transuranic Program Charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Transuranic Program Plan and Charter describes the functional elements of the National TRU Program, organizational relationships, programmatic responsibilities, division of work scope among the various DOE organizations that comprise the program, and program baselines against which overall progress will be measured. The charter defines the authorities and responsibilities of various organizations involved in the management of TRU waste throughout the DOE complex

  6. Report of the ITER Council's Ways and Means Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beginning in 1988 and continuing through 1990, the four Parties involved, under the auspices of the IAEA, have been cooperating in the ITER Conceptual Design Activities. In order to develop ways and means to comply with the objective of the cooperation, a Working Party was chartered by the Council in July, 1989. This report contains the outcome of the Working Party's effort to fulfil the Council's charge and subsequent additional guidance, which are also given in this document. 2 figs, 13 tabs

  7. Integrated Forest Management Charter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, Leslie A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-08-24

    The purpose of this charter is to establish, maintain, and implement programs for the protection, preservation, and enhancement of the land and water resources of Los Alamos National Laboratory in a changing climate.

  8. Charter School Contracts. Policy Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cass, Rebecca

    2009-01-01

    The charter school concept was first introduced in 1991 when the Minnesota Legislature passed the nation's first charter school law. As of this writing in 2009, 40 states and the District of Columbia have charter school legislation. While the specific characteristics and nuances of these laws vary from state to state, almost every state law…

  9. Charter Schools and Market Segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batie, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation was undertaken to examine the effect(s) of charter school marketing on the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) education landscape with respect to the stratification of charter schools. Information from four sources: school websites, a survey of charter school parents, existing online statistics and data, and various…

  10. Christmas party

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    The Christmas party organized by the Staff Association took place on Saturday 3 December. 200 children from 5 to 7 years old attended a magic show which filled them with wonder. Then they were served a snack in the Novae restaurant. Finally, just before their parents came to pick them up, Father Christmas gave them a present. The Staff Association wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

  11. Dangers Facing the Earth Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Javier Reyes

    2010-01-01

    The article explores social and educational processes that could undermine the Earth Charter's promise. It points out that the meaning of the Charter would be affected if it is used in a doctrinaire manner, if individuals or groups assume the role of its legitimate and expert emissaries, if it takes on a messianic tone in its central ideas, if it…

  12. Boot Camps for Charter Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronholz, June

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses the question of who owns the responsibility when a charter school gets into trouble--when its students aren't learning, or it misses its enrollment targets, or money runs short, or it closes. Upon presenting this question to a director of a charter school, a board member, and a Massachusetts-based education consultant and…

  13. Charter Schooling and Democratic Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abowitz, Kathleen Knight; Karaba, Robert

    2010-01-01

    As the mixed achievements of charter schools come under more intense political inspection, the conceptual underpinnings of current charter school reform remain largely unexamined. This article focuses on one moral-political concept centrally related to school reform and policy, the concept of justice. Using examples from the state of Ohio, the…

  14. Charter School Replication. Policy Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2009-01-01

    "Replication" is the practice of a single charter school board or management organization opening several more schools that are each based on the same school model. The most rapid strategy to increase the number of new high-quality charter schools available to children is to encourage the replication of existing quality schools. This policy guide…

  15. More Middle-Class Families Choose Charters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmire, Richard

    2015-01-01

    The rise in middle-class students attending charter schools is largely masked by the overall growth of charter schools: over the last five years, the number of charter schools has grown nationally from 4,690 to just over 6,000. There are now 43 communities where at least 20 percent of the students attend charters, reports the National Alliance for…

  16. ELASTICITY OF PARTY DEMAND

    OpenAIRE

    Yaskova L.V.

    2012-01-01

    On basis of sociological researches political parties as social organizations in Russia (on the example of regional branches of Lipetsk region political parties) on the entry into force of the law «About political parties» 2001 till the present moment are analyzed. It is underlined the change of volume of party space actors during various elective periods, characterized by elasticity of party demand. The factors defining elasticity of party demand are concluded. The estimation of party demand...

  17. Patient's rights charter in Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Parsapoor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Given the importance of patient's rights in healthcare, special attention has been given to the concept of patient's rights by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in Iran. Iranian patient's rights charter has been compiled with a novel and comprehensive approach. This charter aims to elucidate rights of recipients of health services as well as observing ethical standards in medicine. This paper presents the Iranian patient's rights charter. Based on a study done from 2007 to 2009, the charter has been finalized through an extensive consultation involving all stakeholders, patients, physicians, nurses, lawyers, patient associations and health policy makers. The developed charter was adopted by the Ministry of Health in December 2009. Iranian patient's rights charter has been formulated in the framework of 5 chapters and 37 articles including vision and an explanatory note. The five chapters concern right to receiving appropriate services, right to access desired and enough information, right to choose and decide freely about receiving healthcare, right to privacy and confidentiality, and finally right to access an efficient system of dealing with complaints which have been explained in 14, 9, 7, 4 and 3 articles, respectively.  The paper concludes that, adopting the patient's rights charter is a valuable measure to meet patient's rights; however, a serious challenge is how to implement and acculturate observing patient's rights in practice in our healthcare system in Iran.

  18. Mobility Charters and Manifestos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explore a number of different cases of articulating notions of ‘correct’ mobility behavior and practice by looking into charters, manifestos and codes of mobility regulation. Within such discourses of ‘correct mobility’ more or less subtle expressions of power as well as normative and...... ethical positions on mobility prevail. Such ‘imagined correct mobility behavior’ are drawing on larger issues of societal change that need to be brought out in a critical analysis and discussion reflecting the attempts to control, design and orchestrate mobility patterns. The paper therefore argues within...... 2007, the English ‘Highway Code Booklets’ from the 1930’s, 40’s and 50’s, the ‘City Slow Charter’, the ‘New Urbanism Charter’ as attempts to codify and order mobility and mobile practices....

  19. European Party Loyalties Revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Richardson, B.M.

    1991-01-01

    The likelihood that party loyalties reflect the characteristics of parties and political competition within specific political environments was generally ignored in critiques of party identification abroad. In this article, I identify substantial frequencies of stable partisan ties among British, Du

  20. Charter Halibut Limited Access Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This limited access system limits the number of charter vessels that may participate in the guided sport fishery for halibut in area 2C and 3A. NMFS issues a...

  1. Earth Charter and nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The chapter presents Earth Charter, where are listed the principles in 4 sections: 1) respect and take care of the life community; 2) environmental integrity; social and economic welfare; 4) democracy, no-violence and peace

  2. What do Parties Want?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Helene Helboe

    2012-01-01

    What parties want – policy, office or votes - is important to how they represent their voters, how they make strategic decisions and how they respond to external changes in society. What parties strive to accomplish is simply important to what they do. Moreover, our knowledge of what parties want...... goals do indeed diverge. Moreover, the article demonstrates that party goals are influenced by party specific factors such as party size, policy position and intra-party politics. Consequently, the article suggests that intra-party politics should be included more systematically in future studies of...

  3. Danish Party Membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    participation. Instead, membership figures at party level as well as the participation of party members need to be taken into account in order to assess parties as channels of participation. This is supported by the analyses reported here which show that even though membership figures are declining, parties...... is to report on the state of Danish party membership; the numbers and participation. The claim of the article is that total membership figures hide evidence of membership renewal and increases, and that mere party membership figures are insufficient when evaluating political parties as channels of...... still attract new members, that party membership figures are not declining in all parties, and that party members vary in their participation in a wide variety of party activities, such as traditional campaigning activities, political discussions and financial contributions. Hence, this article...

  4. Nuclear Safety Charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AREVA 'Values Charter' reaffirmed the priority that must be given to the requirement for a very high level of safety, which applies in particular to the nuclear field. The purpose of this Nuclear Safety Charter is to set forth the group's commitments in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection so as to ensure that this requirement is met throughout the life cycle of the facilities. It should enable each of us, in carrying out our duties, to commit to this requirement personally, for the company, and for all stakeholders. These commitments are anchored in organizational and action principles and in complete transparency. They build on a safety culture shared by all personnel and maintained by periodic refresher training. They are implemented through Safety, Health, and Environmental management systems. The purpose of these commitments, beyond strict compliance with the laws and regulations in force in countries in which we operate as a group, is to foster a continuous improvement initiative aimed at continually enhancing our overall performance as a group. Content: 1 - Organization: responsibility of the group's executive management and subsidiaries, prime responsibility of the operator, a system of clearly defined responsibilities that draws on skilled support and on independent control of operating personnel, the general inspectorate: a shared expertise and an independent control of the operating organization, an organization that can be adapted for emergency management. 2 - Action principles: nuclear safety applies to every stage in the plant life cycle, lessons learned are analyzed and capitalized through the continuous improvement initiative, analyzing risks in advance is the basis of Areva's safety culture, employees are empowered to improve nuclear Safety, the group is committed to a voluntary radiation protection initiative And a sustained effort in reducing waste and effluent from facility Operations, employees and subcontractors are treated

  5. Leading Charters: How Charter School Administrators Define Their Roles and Their Ability to Lead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick Michael, II; Peak, Charity

    2013-01-01

    Charter schools have been studied from numerous perspectives. One topic that remains under-researched, however, is charter school leadership. Therefore, we examine how charter administrators define their leadership roles and their ability to lead. Results indicate that charter principals see three primary functions in their leadership--building…

  6. 77 FR 44475 - Final Definitions, Requirements, and Selection Criteria; Charter Schools Program (CSP)-Charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... incentives for high-quality charter schools to collaborate with non-chartered public schools and non... typically provided for traditional public schools. The purpose of the Collaboration Awards competition (CFDA...-chartered public schools (as defined in this notice) and non-chartered LEAs (as defined in this notice)...

  7. The International Charter and Flood Mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Shan, Jie

    2009-01-01

    An overview of recent Purdue activities related to the International Charter for Space and Major Disasters, including general information about The Charter, 3 Indiana flood examples, and a summary of the lessons learned therefrom.

  8. Pelagic Charter Boat Patrons (1999-2001)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study describes several aspects of the charter fishing experience, including patrons' motivations for coming to Hawaii and going charter fishing, their related...

  9. Are Charter School Unions Worth the Bargain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Mitch

    2011-01-01

    About 12 percent of all charter schools have bargaining agreements. Why do charter schools unionize? What is in these charter school contracts? Can they be considered innovative or models for union reform? And how do they compare to traditional district/union teacher contracts? Center on Reinventing Public Education legal analyst Mitch Price…

  10. New Hampshire Charter Schools Parent Study 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julius, Tom

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted in Spring 2011 with the purpose of better understanding the nature and experiences of New Hampshire charter school parents. Nine out of ten operating NH charter schools participated. Parents were invited to participate in an on-line survey and on-site focus group interviews. Results provide a profile of NH charter school…

  11. 34 CFR 300.7 - Charter school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Charter school. 300.7 Section 300.7 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.7 Charter school. Charter school has the meaning...

  12. Is Racial Segregation Changing in Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin; Lubienski, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools embody the theoretical potential to promote integration since they can draw students from across district boundaries that often reflect segregated residential patterns. While a number of studies have examined overall racial composition of charter schools, virtually no attention has been paid to how charter school enrollment…

  13. New Mexico Charter Schools Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Mexico Public Education Department, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, the New Mexico legislature passed changes to the Charter School Act that provided more accountability for both charters and authorizers in New Mexico. As part of that law, the Public Education Department (PED) is asked to submit an annual report on the status of charter schools in New Mexico. This is the first report submitted under that…

  14. Do Parties Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Sinclair, Barbara

    1998-01-01

    Do parties matters? Congressional scholars have for decades assumed they do; they have written about Congress as if parties are important and have provided what they believed was ample evidence that parties affect how Congress operates and, to varying extents, influence the substance of the legislation produced. Yet a number of prominent political scientists have contested what seemed obvious. My purpose here is to critically assess the argument that parties do not matter, suggest an alternat...

  15. Party member recruitment and the representativeness of party membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Party membership figures are in decline. However, parties are still recruiting party members. Are there any differences in the social and political characteristics of old and new party members? If there is a difference, are new party members more or less representative for party voters than old...

  16. The European Energy Charter Treaty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The history, purpose, scope and the main topics of the treaty are highlighted. Special attention is paid on problems of trading, competition, transit, technology transfer and access to capital markets; support and protection of investments; resolution of disputes; provisional clauses governing trade with GATT non-member states; structural and institutional provisions concerning the execution and function of the protocol, tasks of the Charter conference and secretariat including their equipment, rules of conduct and financing. The Charter is setting up a framework for co-operation, trade and investment in energy products and services with countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, based on principles of free-markets and non-discrimination

  17. Understanding Charter School Governance: A Case Study of a Conversion Charter School Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, David Mark

    2010-01-01

    The charter school movement has been at the forefront of educational reform since the 1990s. The majority of charter school research has focused on academic achievement and issues of access, equity, and funding. Less attention has focused on charter school governance, yet evidence suggests that governance challenges represent a significant…

  18. Demystifying Special Education in Virtual Charter Schools. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Kowal, Julie

    2008-01-01

    This special report is a supplement to a series of special education primers created to inform state officials, authorizers and charter school operators about special education in the charter sector. The primer series also provides tools to help these stakeholders build charter school capacity to provide special education and related services. In…

  19. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    OpenAIRE

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-01-01

    Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined ...

  20. Teacher community in elementary charter schools.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Cannata

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The organizational context of charter schools may facilitate the formation of a strong teacher community. In particular, a focused school mission and increased control over teacher hiring may lead to stronger teacher professional communities. This paper uses the 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey to compare the level of teacher community in charter public and traditional public schools. It also estimates the effect of various charter policy variables and domains of school autonomy on teacher community. Charter school teachers report higher levels of teacher community than traditional public school teachers do, although this effect is less than one-tenth of a standard deviation and is dwarfed by the effect of a supportive principal, teacher decision-making influence, and school size. Charter public schools authorized by universities showed lower levels of teacher community than those authorized by local school districts. Teachers in charter schools that have flexibility over tenure requirements and the school budget report higher levels of teacher community. This study reveals that charter schools do facilitate the formation of strong teacher communities, although the effect is small. The analysis also suggests that the institutional origin of the charter school and specific areas of policy flexibility may influence teacher community.

  1. Charters, K-12 Aid Roiling Wash. State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ujifusa, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    A tight race for governor, the heavy burden of rebuilding a school funding system recently declared unconstitutional, and a fourth ballot measure in two decades on charter schools has placed Washington state on an intense--and unpredictable--road for education this year. Washington is one of nine states that do not allow charter schools, and the…

  2. Educational Charter Schools: A Civil Rights Mirage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica

    2011-01-01

    The idea of charter schools arose as a means to allow for innovation by creating schools that were free from traditional regulations, but were held accountable for their performance. More recently, however, charter school advocates have suggested that increasing school choice options will create competition that improves the quality of education…

  3. State Policy Regimes and Charter School Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelz, Mikael L.

    2015-01-01

    The policy diffusion framework is critical to understanding the spread of policy innovations such as charter schools in the United States. This framework, however, is less instructive in explaining the state-by-state configuration of these policies. What explains the wide variation in charter school policy among states? This study addresses this…

  4. The Uneven Performance of Arizona's Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chingos, Matthew M.; West, Martin R.

    2015-01-01

    Arizona enrolls a larger share of its students in charter schools than any other state in the country, but no comprehensive examination exists of the impact of those schools on student achievement. Using student-level data covering all Arizona students from 2006 to 2012, we find that the performance of charter schools in Arizona in improving…

  5. Charter Schools: Education Reform or Business?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2011-01-01

    As charter schools multiply, public school teachers and administrators need to understand the policy landscape in which charters are skimming money from their traditional local public schools, making scarce resources even scarcer. In this essay, the author discusses a related phenomenon that is part of some school reform plans--the reconstitution…

  6. Charter Schools and the Teacher Job Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the position of charter schools in prospective elementary teachers' job search decisions. Using a labor market segmentation framework, it explores teacher applicants' decisions to apply to charter schools. The data come from a mixed-methods longitudinal study of prospective teachers looking for their first job. This article…

  7. 77 FR 62621 - Advisory Committee Charter Renewals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... NW., Washington, DC 20420; telephone (202) 461-7028; or email at vivian.drake@va.gov . To view a copy of a VA Federal advisory committee charter, visit http://www.va.gov/advisory . Dated: October 9, 2012... mission of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and renewing their charters would be in the...

  8. Help for Charters in Race for Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2008-01-01

    The world of charter school facilities is sometimes strange. Many charter operators have had to show considerable creativity and resourcefulness in finding a place to educate their students, whether it's a former K-Mart or car dealership, a church facility, or space in an office complex. Obtaining and paying for adequate facilities are often big…

  9. Earth Charter, ESD and Chinese Philosophies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yunhua; Constable, Alicia

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between the Earth Charter and education for sustainable development (ESD), as part of the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development. The areas of shared interest between the two are assessed and the invaluable nature of the Earth Charter as a resource outlining global values and principles for a…

  10. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  11. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  12. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    Some scholars argue that Western societies have seen a decreasing impact of voting behavior based on cleavages and party identifications. Equally, issue ownership voting is seemingly not increasing its relevance by filling this gap. From this departure we seek out an alternative variable by posing...... the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure...

  13. Details from the Dashboard: Charter Schools by Geographic Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    While a majority of charter schools nationwide operate in urban and suburban areas, charter schools exist in all corners of the nation, and are expanding into all types of communities. This "Details from the Dashboard" report presents statistics on the number of charter schools and students enrolled in charter schools by the four geographic…

  14. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    OpenAIRE

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC; Irena CAJNER MRAOVIC

    2015-01-01

    The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentio...

  15. Party Formation and Racism

    OpenAIRE

    Anesi, Vincent; De Donder, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    We develop a model where voters differ in their exogenous income and in their ideological views regarding what we call 'racism'. Electoral competition, modelled à la Levy (2004), takes place between (one or several) parties which propose platforms consisting of both an ideological and an economic dimension. Our objective is to explain the emergence of racist policies when a majority of voters is not racist, and to understand the role played by political parties in this emergence. We first sho...

  16. Charter Schools and Race: A Lost Opportunity for Integrated Education

    OpenAIRE

    Erica Frankenberg; Chungmei Lee

    2003-01-01

    Segregation patterns in the nation's charter schools are studied. After reviewing state charter legislation that directly addresses issues of racial and ethnic balance of student enrollment, we briefly examine the racial composition and segregation of the charter school population nationally. School-level analyses, aggregated by state constitute the primary method of studying segregation in charter schools. First, we look at racial composition and segregation of charter schools by state. Then...

  17. Does Charter Status Determine Preferences? Comparing the Hiring Preferences of Charter and Traditional Public School Principals

    OpenAIRE

    Marisa Cannata; Mimi Engel

    2012-01-01

    The academic success of any school depends on its teachers. However, relatively little research exists on the qualities principals value in teacher hiring, and we know almost nothing about charter school principals’ preferences. This article addresses this gap in the literature using survey results for a matched sample of charter and traditional public school principals. We compare regression-adjusted survey responses of charter and traditional public school principals to examine whether char...

  18. Towards global political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heikki Patomäki

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available While the transnational public sphere has existed in the Arendtian sense at least since the mid-19th century, a new kind of reflexively political global civil society emerged in the late 20th century. However, non-governmental organisations (NGOs, advocacy groups, and networks have limited agendas and legitimacy and, without the support of at least one state, limited means to realise changes. Since 2001, the World Social Forum (WSF has formed a key attempt in forging links and ties of solidarity among diverse actors. Although the WSF may seem a party of opinion when defined negatively against neoliberal globalisation, imperialism, and violence, in more positive ideological terms it remains a rather incoherent collection of diverse actors; while itself defined as a mere open space. There is a quest for new forms of agency such as a world political party. Various historical predecessors of global political parties, real and imagined, provide conceptual resources, useful experiences for envisaging the structure, and function of a possible planetary party-formation. H.G. Wells's ‘open conspiracy’ is a particularly important future-oriented left-democratic vision. Wells believed that only a mass movement of truly committed individuals and groups could have the power to transform the world political organisation, by creating a democratic world commonwealth. Recently, for instance, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri have formulated similar ideas. I argue that transformative political agency presupposes a shared programme, based on common elements of a wider and deeper world-view, and willingness to engage in processes of collective will-formation in terms of democratic procedures. From this perspective, I outline a possible organisation and some substantial directions for a global political party.. The point is also to respond to the criticism of existing parties and cultivate the critical-pluralist ethos of global civil society, but in terms of

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentioned 4 phases of political parties’ development and 4 phases of parties' finances development; it will be analysed in detail positive and negative sides of each of the models of party financing.

  20. The European Energy Charter Treaty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of the treaty is highlighted. The treaty consists of a preamble and 50 articles and is divided into 8 parts and supplemented with 14 annexes. The parts of the treaty deal with the following: (i) definitions and purpose of the treaty; (ii) general topics such as trading, competition, transit, technology transfer and access to capital markets; (iii) support and protection of investments; (iv) list of regulations; (v) resolution of disputes; (vi) provisional clauses governing trade with GATT non-member states; (vii) structural and institutional provisions concerning the execution and function of the protocol, tasks of the Charter conference and secretariat including their equipment, rules of conduct and financing; and (viii) final provisions. (J.B.)

  1. Standard Chartered: Is China Ready?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan; Yang Wei

    2008-01-01

    @@ In the midst of the long lasting subprime related financial crisis,different parties in the United States have taken several measures to stimulate the economy and prevent a possible recession.These include the recent cuts in the key interest rate by the Federal Reserve and the stimulus package hashed out between Congress and the White House.

  2. Third party processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of Canada's natural gas industry to remain competitive on a global level was discussed. Third party processing is a tool that the Canadian gas industry can use to overcome the relative disadvantage of smaller, and therefore more expensive, gas processing plants in Canada, and to maintain, and even improve, its competitive position vis-a-vis its US counterparts. The principal role of a third party processor is to provide midstream services such as raw gas gathering, field compression, gas processing, sales gas transmission, and natural gas liquids fractionation. Some third party processors also provide marketing services. Third party processors add value to the gas producer by reducing risk, reducing cost, improving reliability, and improving netbacks. The many variables involved in determining the economic viability of third party processing, including the quantity and deliverability of the raw resource, facility capacity, capital investment, operating costs, technology, fee structures, operational reliability, and speed, among others, were examined and the significance of each variable was explained

  3. Hawaii Charter Fishing Cost Earnings Survey 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data represent a cost-earnings study of the main Hawaiian Island Charter fishing fleet in 2012. Data collected include fisher classification, vessel...

  4. 29 CFR 1912a.12 - Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH § 1912a.12 Charter. The Committee shall... enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act....

  5. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that...

  6. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate!

  7. Charterer's Liability Insurance : A Type of Marine Insurance

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The “charterer’s liability insurance” is a type of marine insurance. Most ships are chartered either on a time charter or voyage charter contract. In both cases the charterer assumes liabilities towards the shipowner because of damage caused to the ship in the course of cargo-handling or because of damage resulting from an unsafe port or berth. And also, the charterer becomes liable similarly to the shipowner, with P&I liability to cargo, pollution claims and etc. All charterers require cover...

  8. Does Charter Status Determine Preferences? Comparing the Hiring Preferences of Charter and Traditional Public School Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa; Engel, Mimi

    2012-01-01

    The academic success of any school depends on its teachers. However, relatively little research exists on the qualities principals value in teacher hiring, and we know almost nothing about charter school principals' preferences. This article addresses this gap in the literature using survey results for a matched sample of charter and traditional…

  9. Charter Ranking Roulette: An Analysis of Reports that Grade States' Charter School Laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Wendy C.; Welner, Kevin G.

    2008-01-01

    Since 1996, the Center for Education Reform has released an annual report card, grading each state's charter school legislation and labeling as the "strongest" those laws placing the fewest and slightest restrictions on charter schools. While the Center for Education Reform rankings have undoubtedly been the most influential, at least four other…

  10. Partying as Everyday Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demant, Jakob; Østergaard, Jeanette

    2007-01-01

    situates the event in everyday life. By drawing on Maffesoli's (1996) concept of ‘sociality' and Lincoln's (2005) concept of zoning the spatial and social logic of the house, partying is analysed using both qualitative and quantitative material. The analysis suggests that the consumption of alcohol (i...... reaffirm friendship and is therefore an integrated part of adolescents' everyday life.  ...

  11. Have a Pennsylvania Party!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Nancy

    1981-01-01

    Describes a social studies unit on Pennsylvania for third graders. As a final activity, students hold a Pennsylvania party at which they use pictures of famous people from the state with other state symbols as decorations, and serve foods grown in the state for refreshments. (AM)

  12. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More spe...

  13. Initial report of the ITER Council's Ways and Means Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the auspices of the IAEA, the ITER Conceptual Design Activities began in April, 1988, and are scheduled to be completed in December, 1990. As part of the Terms of Reference of the ITER Conceptual Design Activities, the ITER Council chartered a Working Party which plans to define needed elements to conduct an Engineering Design of ITER, should the members wish to go on with such design. This document is an initial report of the Working Party on Ways and Means; it seeks to define the Engineering Design Activities, and to list the practical topics to be considered by the ITER EDA. 2 figs, 4 tabs

  14. Charter Schools and Race: A Lost Opportunity for Integrated Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Frankenberg

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Segregation patterns in the nation's charter schools are studied. After reviewing state charter legislation that directly addresses issues of racial and ethnic balance of student enrollment, we briefly examine the racial composition and segregation of the charter school population nationally. School-level analyses, aggregated by state constitute the primary method of studying segregation in charter schools. First, we look at racial composition and segregation of charter schools by state. Then, we consider the differences in segregation between non-charter public schools (or simply "public schools" for convenience and charter schools, as well as segregation within the charter school sector. We conclude with a discussion of the article's findings and recommendations to promote further racial equity in this growing sector of public schools.

  15. 76 FR 4281 - Recreation Resource Advisory Committees Charter Reestablishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... Forest Service Recreation Resource Advisory Committees Charter Reestablishment AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of intent to reestablish the Recreation Resource Advisory Committees. SUMMARY: The Secretary of Agriculture intends to reestablish the charter for 5 Forest Service Recreation...

  16. Why do parties change position? Party organization and environmental incentives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Schumacher; C.E. de Vries; B. Vis

    2013-01-01

    What motivates parties to change their positions? Earlier studies demonstrate that parties change their position in response to environmental incentives, such as voter shifts. Yet, this work also suggests that parties differ in their responses. What accounts for this variation? We argue and empirica

  17. Sustainable development - the ICC business charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) prepared and approved, in November 1990, the ''Business Charter for Sustainable Development; a set of principles for environmental management''. Environmental protection is a necessary part of sustainable development but, too often, the performance of business is seen by society as inadequate. Improved environmental performance is essential if business is to regain public trust, reduce the pressures on governments to over-legislate, and strengthen the business voice in debate on public policy. The Charter has been prepared as a major pro-active business initiative by enterprises around the world. This is timely in view of the extensive international debate on environmental issues and the widespread acceptance of the ''Sustainable Development'' concept. Sustainable development involves meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Although the objective of the Charter is that the widest range of enterprises as organizations commit themselves to improving their environmental performance in accordance with the Principles of the Charter, an individual branch of industry may also meet the goals of the Charter. The paper evaluates how the practices implemented in the field of nuclear energy are in harmony with the principles. The conclusion is that nuclear is in the avant garde within the wide spectrum of industrial activities. This conclusion should assist nuclear energy to improve its public acceptance. (author)

  18. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  19. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  20. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. Your Golden Jubilee Party Friday 17 September 2004 at 16:00 Restaurant 1, Main Building Programme Speech by Director-General Toast in honour of CERN Cocktails and ambient music Video projections of five decades of CERN and at 18:00 ... A surprise music show. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  1. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held in the cafeteria and on the terrace (if the weather permits) of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks, snacks and a surprise music show by the CERN Big Bang Orchestra! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (Bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  2. On the Charter Question: Black Marxism and Black Nationalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Mark; Hussain, Khuram

    2015-01-01

    This article brings two black intellectual traditions to bear on the question of charter schools: black Marxism and black nationalism. The authors examine the theoretical and rhetorical devices used to talk about charters schools by focusing on how notions of "black liberation" are deployed by the charter movement, and to what end. The…

  3. 41 CFR 105-54.203-2 - Active charters file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Active charters file. 105-54.203-2 Section 105-54.203-2 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... charters file. The GSA Committee Management Officer retains each original signed charter in a file...

  4. Charter School Parents and Their Perceptions of Independent Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Amada

    2014-01-01

    Given that independent schools have started to face competition from charter schools, the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) commissioned a study with current and prospective charter school parents to determine their perceptions of charter vs. independent schools, assess the relative impact of the variables that affect their school…

  5. Charter Schools in Indiana: Overview, Funding, and Federal Expenditures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plucker, Jonathan A.; Eckes, Suzanne; Chang, Young; Benton, Sarah; Trotter, Anne; Bradford, Matthew

    2005-01-01

    This report presents an overview defining what constitutes a charter school and how the existing 22 charter schools in Indiana are funded. 36 charter schools have been approved in Indiana as of Spring 2005. Of these, 22 schools have already begun operating, 10 are slated to open in the coming years, 2 have been closed down before they opened, and…

  6. Equity Overlooked: Charter Schools and Civil Rights Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2009-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) is in the midst of an analysis of rapidly growing charter school enrollment, which the authors anticipate releasing next month. Similar to trends described in their 2003 report and in other research on racial isolation in charter schools, they find higher levels of segregation for black students in charter schools…

  7. Charter Management Organizations: Innovations, Opportunities, and Challenges. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center on Reinventing Public Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Over the past two decades, charter management organizations (CMOs) have become a significant force in the public K-12 charter school landscape. CMOs, nonprofit entities that directly manage public charter schools, are meant to meld the benefits of school districts--including economies of scale, collaboration among similar schools, and support…

  8. Charter School Autonomy: The Mismatch between Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finnigan, Kara S.

    2007-01-01

    In theory, the charter school concept is based on a trade-off or exchange: greater autonomy for increased accountability. Although charter schools have been operating for more than 10 years, little is known about charter school autonomy in practice. This mixed-methods study used survey and case study data to examine the degree of autonomy of…

  9. Not Just Urban Policy: Suburbs, Segregation, and Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2012-01-01

    As the charter school sector expands rapidly with federal support amid on-going diversification and growing segregation among traditional public school students, this article examines existing patterns of segregation in charter schools. Prior research has demonstrated that charter schools are substantially more segregated than our already…

  10. Charter Schools, Civil Rights and School Discipline: A Comprehensive Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losen, Daniel J.; Keith, Michael A., II; Hodson, Cheri L.; Martinez, Tia E.

    2016-01-01

    This report, along with the companion spreadsheet, provides the first comprehensive description ever compiled of charter school discipline. In 2011-12, every one of the nation's 95,000 public schools was required to report its school discipline data, including charter schools. This analysis, which includes more than 5,250 charter schools, focuses…

  11. Academic Achievement of Students in a Charter Homeschool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leeds, Mary A.

    2009-01-01

    A recent development in education is the public charter school as a homeschool model. In several states across the nation, a child may enroll in an independent study program of a public charter school and base his or her studies in the home. This model in the realm of education is called charter homeschool. The state of California has over 120…

  12. The Relative Efficiency of Charter Schools: A Cost Frontier Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gronberg, Timothy J.; Jansen, Dennis W.; Taylor, Lori L.

    2012-01-01

    Charters represent an expansion of public school choice, offering free, publicly funded educational alternatives to traditional public schools. One relatively unexplored research question concerning charter schools asks whether charter schools are more efficient suppliers of educational services than are traditional public schools. The potential…

  13. Texas charter school legislation and the evolution of open-enrollment charter schools.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrie Y. Barron Ausbrooks

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This article chronicles the evolution of legislation for Texas open-enrollment charter schools to their implementation by demonstrating how these schools have (or have not used their freedom from state-mandated requirements to develop innovative learning environments as well as to bring innovative curricula into the classroom. The investigative focus was on an analysis of Texas open-enrollment charter school legislation, from 1995 (74th legislative session to the 77th legislative session in 2001, and the characteristics of the state's 159 open-enrollment charter schools that were in operation during the 2001-2002 academic year. The authors found that charter school legislation has changed in response to concerns of all involved, and focuses on the need for balance between choice, innovation, and public accountability. Although charter schools are free from most state regulations, legislators were clearly interested in ensuring that this freedom does not impede charter schools' ability to provide a quality education to all students who attend them. The currently operating open-enrollment charter schools in Texas are more racially and economically segregated than other public schools in the state, and charter schools that targeted students most at risk for dropping out of school (and returning students who had previously dropped out differ from other schools in their stated teaching methods. Teacher turnover remains significantly greater than that for other public schools in the state. However, it does not appear to be specifically associated with schools that target disadvantaged students or minority students. The schools' mission statements suggest that innovative school environments are a factor in school design. Texas is poised to continue along the public education choice model. Charter school legislation provides a framework upon which charter schools may build to meet the educational needs of the students who choose to attend them

  14. Yacht charter in Portugal- developing a business model for a sailing charter company

    OpenAIRE

    Kalcic, Natasa

    2016-01-01

    Given the signals that Portugal can be a great destination for charter sailing, the purpose of this work is to disprove this. Thereby the model of Porter’s five forces has been used to analyze the Portuguese yacht charter market, whereas a SWOT analysis should give an overview and compare the Portuguese market with the well running charter market of Croatia. The research outcome on the supply side as well as on the demand side should then serve as a foundation for establishing a ...

  15. Parties and party membership in Europe and Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin Mitulescu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The article Parties and party membership in Europe and Romania is focusing on the relationship of the parties with their own members, relating the situation in Romania to the European trends.In Romania, after the renegaded legacy of the mass (communist party it has been adopted the pattern of the staff party, preferring instead of a large number of members, a mass of „sympathizers” easy to mobilize but with limited claims to be involved in the life of the party. The same trends can be observed in other European countries and especially from Eastern Europe (the case of Poland. However, the possibility to maintain a good connection with the society exists. The case of the parties in the Netherlands demonstrate this.

  16. Disaster response and the international charter program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stryker, Timothy; Jones, Brenda

    2009-01-01

    In a meeting held in Vienna, Austria in 1999, a small group of space agencies conceived and approved a program to provide emergency response satellite data to those affected by disasters anywhere in the world. The purpose of this group, which came to be known as the “International Charter - Space and Major Disasters”, is to promote cooperation among space agencies in the use of satellite data to manage crises during and after disasters. When tropical storms, floods, oil spills, earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes or fires endanger human life, the Charter member agencies provide valuable information about these events’ extent and impact.

  17. Investigating Leadership in Charter Schools: An Examination of the Leadership Traits of Executive Directors in Successful Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloomfield, Brian D.

    2013-01-01

    This study was a qualitative exploration of educational leadership within charter schools in an attempt to identify traits demonstrated by executive directors of successful charter schools. Because much research has been conducted to identify trends in educational leadership, but comparable little within the unique context of charter schools, and…

  18. Party for Freedom

    OpenAIRE

    Ashery, Oreet

    2013-01-01

    Somewhere between a travelling cinema and theatre troupe, a kiss-a-gram and a takeaway delivery service, London-based artist Oreet Ashery’s Party for Freedom was an itinerant work combining live performance with moving-image and an original album soundtrack. An invitation for self-organised gatherings to host and experience the work - anywhere from a sitting room and work place to public spaces and venues - it also appeared at venues across London including Millbank Media Centre at Millba...

  19. Texas charter school legislation and the evolution of open-enrollment charter schools.

    OpenAIRE

    Carrie Y. Barron Ausbrooks; Edith J. Barrett; Theresa Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This article chronicles the evolution of legislation for Texas open-enrollment charter schools to their implementation by demonstrating how these schools have (or have not) used their freedom from state-mandated requirements to develop innovative learning environments as well as to bring innovative curricula into the classroom. The investigative focus was on an analysis of Texas open-enrollment charter school legislation, from 1995 (74th legislative session) to the 77th legislative session in...

  20. Why Do Charter Schools Fail? - An Analysis of Charter School Survival in New Jersey

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Schwenkenberg; James VanderHoff

    2013-01-01

    The reasons for charter school failure may determine if charter school competition improves public education. We estimate survival regressions to assess the effects of various factors on the probability of school failure. We find that students’ test scores are the most important determinant of survival: a one standard deviation increase reduces the probability of failure by at least 72%. Higher expenditures on facilities and a longer waitlist result in smaller but significant reductions in th...

  1. Improving Dispute Resolution: Student Contracts and Charters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, G. R.

    2011-01-01

    The sector is entering a climate of future funding cuts and fee rises, which are likely to prompt a growing number and widening range of disputes. This article describes the launch of a new Improving Dispute Resolution Advisory Service. The particular questions raised in this context by the introduction of student charters and the relationship of…

  2. 78 FR 5239 - Public Charter Prospectuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    .... These revisions refer to a notice dated November 13, 2012, appearing at 77 FR 69692 (Nov. 20, 2012). FOR... Federal Register (77 FR 69692 (Nov. 20, 2012)), the notice was also posted at www.regulations.gov and on... that we would not permit the charter operator to accept payment by debit card (although we did...

  3. Addendum: Parker Charter Essential School's Wellness Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horace, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Wellness is an integrated curriculum combining aspects of traditional health classes with physical education, games, fitness skills and other mind-body connection skills. The goals of Parker Charter Essential School's Wellness program developed by members of the Parker community are: (1) to develop and nurture resilience; (2) to foster and promote…

  4. Exploring the Competitive Effects of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II; Medina, Paul M.

    2011-01-01

    Central to the debate over school choice has been the question of how public schools respond to market-based competition. Many choice advocates suggest that competition can spur public schools to become more effective and efficient, but the evidence regarding the effect of competition from charters is comparably sparse and mixed. This article…

  5. 44 CFR 12.7 - Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Charter. 12.7 Section 12.7 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... also be furnished at the time of filing to the Library of Congress, Exchange and Gift Division,...

  6. Teacher Turnover in Charter Schools. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuit, David; Smith, Thomas M.

    2010-01-01

    The current study aimed to contribute to a deeper understanding of the organizational conditions of charter schools by examining teacher turnover. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS), researchers from the National Center on School…

  7. Charter School Innovations: A Teacher Growth Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radoslovich, Julie; Roberts, Shelley; Plaza, Andres

    2014-01-01

    Committed to being a charter school with a professional learning community that empowers teachers, New Mexico's South Valley Academy (SVA) staff transformed its state evaluation process into a practitioner action research process (Anderson, Herr, & Nihlen, 2007). While teachers self-diagnose growth needs and play active roles in improving…

  8. Studies Spotlight Charter Schools Aimed at Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

    2012-01-01

    Nearly six decades after "Brown" v. "Board of Education," the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that ushered in an era of efforts to integrate public schools, charter school advocates and researchers are shining a light on a number of those independent public schools that are integrated by design. Two new reports--one from the National Alliance…

  9. Measuring Charter School Efficiency: An Early Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II; Noller, Scott L.

    2010-01-01

    In an era of increased accountability and challenging times for public finance, charter schools built on decentralization, grassroots accountability, and market forces may provide, in the spirit of "educational laboratories," lessons for increasing student achievement more efficiently through diverse and innovative management, organization,…

  10. 12 CFR 552.4 - Charter amendments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Charter amendments. 552.4 Section 552.4 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL STOCK ASSOCIATIONS..., to the holders of the outstanding shares of any class of stock having preference over the...

  11. Nuclear third party liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are three existing instruments in the international regime governing liability for nuclear damage. The Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the field of Nuclear Energy (the Paris Convention) first laid down the principles for third party liability and insurance in 1960 within the framework of the OECD. Later reinforcement of the Paris Convention was provided by the Brussels Supplementary Convention on compensation and both conventions have undergone subsequent amendment. In 1963 the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (Vienna Convention) was established by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). A Joint Protocol adopted in 1988 resolved problems that had arisen over possible conflicts between the provisions of the Paris and Vienna Conventions. The Conventions are based on civil law and share two main factors: the strict and exclusive liability of the nuclear installation operator irrespective of negligence and clear limitations on financial liability. Currently a revision of the Vienna convention and work on the elaboration of a supplementary funding convention are being conducted under the auspices of the IAEA. Many states have come to realize the advantages of participation in the Conventions though there are still a number with substantial nuclear programmes who have neither signed nor ratified them. A list is given of participating states. (UK)

  12. An Analysis of the Charter School Facility Landscape in New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In spring of 2012, the New Jersey Charter Schools Association, the Colorado League of Charter Schools, and the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools worked to collect evidence that would accurately portray both the adequacy of charter school facilities and the average spending for facilities out of charter schools' operating budgets in New…

  13. An Analysis of the Charter School Facility Landscape in Rhode Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In winter of 2013, the Rhode Island League of Charter Schools, the Colorado League of Charter Schools, and the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools worked to collect evidence that would accurately portray both the adequacy of charter school facilities and the average amount of operating funds spent by charter schools on facilities.…

  14. Nigerian Parties and Political Ideology

    OpenAIRE

    J. Shola Omotola

    2009-01-01

    Are these heady days for Nigerian political parties? This is themain question, which this paper addresses with emphasis on politicalideology, being the first and most important vehicle of a political party. It is argued that despite all pretences to the contrary through their manifestoes, as much as the superficial classifications as the “left” and “right”, “progressive” and “conservative”, Nigerian parties seem to be bereft of clear ideological commitments. This conclusion is predicatedupon ...

  15. Departies: conceptualizing extended youth parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eivind Grip, Fjær,; Tutenges, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    Every year, millions of young people travel away from home to party for days or weeks on end in permissive environments, such as music festivals, dance parties, and nightlife resorts. The studies that have been conducted on these extended youth parties have focused primarily on specific risk......-taking behaviors, such as drug use and violence. Here, we scrutinize the research on extended youth parties to identify general changes that young people undergo at these events. We call these celebrations departies, because they center on the organization and facilitation of momentary departures from the...

  16. [The African Charter on the Rights of the Child. The member states of the Organization of African Unity must ratify without further delay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diongue, A

    1994-12-01

    In July 1990, the Organization of African Unity (OUA) adopted the African Charter of the Rights and Welfare of the Child. It includes a Preamble, two relative parts on the Rights and Respects of the Child, and 47 articles. It defines "child" as a complete human being less than 18 years old. It recognizes the child's unique and privileged place in African society and that African children need protection and special care. It also recognizes that the child has freedom of expression, association, peaceful assembly, thought, religion, and conscience. It aims to protect the private life of the child and safeguard the child against all forms of economic exploitation and against work that is hazardous, interferes with the child's education, or compromises his/her health or physical, social, mental, spiritual, and moral development. It also calls for protection against abuse and bad treatment, negative social and cultural practices, all forms of exploitation or sexual abuse, and illegal drug use. It also aims to prevent the sale, trading, kidnapping, and begging of children. It calls for the creation of an African expert committee on the rights and well-being of the child. Its mission is to promote and protect the rights consecrated by the Charter, to practice applying these rights, and to interpret the disposition of the Charter as required of party states, OUA institutions, or all other institutions recognized by OUA or by a member state. The Charter goes into effect 30 days after OUA or 15 member states ratify it. As of August 24, 1994, only four states had ratified it. Member states have taken it upon themselves to take all necessary measures to adopt the Charter. The delay of African states in this affair is incomprehensible. Eleven years separate the adoption of the Declaration on the Rights and Welfare of the African Child and this Charter. Must the African child wait as long to see the Charter become law? PMID:12288686

  17. Canada’s Parti Québécois is playing a dangerous game in pursuit of a majority in Quebec

    OpenAIRE

    Suss, Joel

    2014-01-01

    On April 7th, the people of the Canadian province of Québec will go to the polls in a snap election called by the governing Parti Québécois. Joel Suss argues that the election and its timing is an attempt by the Parti Québécois’ leader Pauline Marois to take advantage of support for its controversial charter of secularism, which would ban all displays of religious affiliation in public institutions. He writes that if the Parti Québécois is successful in its bid for re-election, Québec may soo...

  18. The Energy Charter: what is it?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The European Energy Charter is a European Community initiative put forward by the Netherlands' Prime Minister Lubbers in June 1990. The intent of the Charter is to set up a framework for co-operation, trade and investment in energy products and services with countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, based on principles of free-markets and non-discrimination. A Working Group has been tasked with the development of the protocol on nuclear energy. The basic intent is to facilitate co-operation between the signatories across the entire peaceful nuclear fuel cycle and in related fields and activities. Particular emphasis is placed on achieving and maintaining a high level of nuclear safety. The protocol has a preamble and four parts, dealing with: objectives and commitments; principles of responsible nuclear conduct; trade; investment and technology transfer and administrative arrangements. (author)

  19. Parties, ideology and social composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leôncio Martins Rodrigues

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the relationship between the ideological orientations of the main six Brazilian parties and the occupational composition of their rank-and-file. Two right-wing parties, two from the center and another two left wing ones were selected, defined according to the standard concept used: PPB, PFL, PMDB, PSDB, PDT and PT, respectively. The relationship between the social composition and the ideological orientation of these parties was done by investigating the profile of the parties'members for the 51st Legislature in the Lower House, elected in 1998. The analysis showed a marked difference in terms of occupational composition and in the patrimony dimension of the members. The parties classified as right wing recruited their rank-and-file mainly from managerial segments and high ranked public administrators whereas the left wing parties, among the liberal professionals, intellectuals, teachers, white and blue-collar employees (the latter being generally former trade union members. For the parties considered to be centerist, the presence of managers is important but they form a minority inside these parties and, at the same time, there are no members from the popular classes. The article shows, on the other hand, that the present Brazilian political class in the current legislature comes, in its almost totality, from four occupational segments: managers, liberal professionals, teachers and former public servants.

  20. Charter school tax credit: Investing in human capital

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Galloway

    2010-01-01

    This working paper considers how two existing policy tools--investment tax credits and charter schools--could be combined to raise operating funds for charter schools that successfully close the poverty-related academic achievement gap. Some charter schools have succeeded in dramatically improving low-income student performance (those run by KIPP, Achievement First, and the Harlem Children's Zone, for example). However, these successful schools differ significantly in type and approach. As a ...

  1. The United Nations Charter as Constitution of the International Community

    OpenAIRE

    Fassbender, Bardo

    1998-01-01

    The Charter of the United Nations was brought into existence in the form of an international treaty. In the course of the last fifty years, however, the "constitutional predisposition" of the Charter has been confirmed and strengthened in such a way that today the Instrument must be referred to as the constitution of the international community. In this article, the author suggests that the Charter is the constitution of the international community in ist entirety, i.e., for all subjects of i...

  2. Atarek Kamil Ibrahim & Co. Chartered Accountants

    OpenAIRE

    Zakiah Muhammaddun Mohamed; Aini Aman; Noradiva Hamzah; Sofiah Md. Auzair

    2010-01-01

    Atarek Kamil Ibrahim & Co. Chartered Accountants (hereafter referred to as AKI) is a public accounting firm named after its founder Tuan Haji Atarek Kamil Ibrahim (hereafter referred to as Atarek). The firm offers a wide range of services to its customers since its establishment in 1989. The head office of AKI is in Kuala Lumpur and it has branches in Melaka, Johor Bahru, Ipoh, Kuala Terrengganu, Kota Baru, Kuching, Miri and Kota Kinabalu. The partners of AKI are planning to expand the compan...

  3. Multi-party Quantum Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, A

    2001-01-01

    We investigate definitions of and protocols for multi-party quantum computing in the scenario where the secret data are quantum systems. We work in the quantum information-theoretic model, where no assumptions are made on the computational power of the adversary. For the slightly weaker task of verifiable quantum secret sharing, we give a protocol which tolerates any t < n/4 cheating parties (out of n). This is shown to be optimal. We use this new tool to establish that any multi-party quantum computation can be securely performed as long as the number of dishonest players is less than n/6.

  4. CONGRESS PARTY AND INDIAN DEMOCRACY

    OpenAIRE

    Mahadevappa. T. C

    2015-01-01

    In these last several weeks that have followed the election victories of the Bharatiya Janata Party in IGujarat and Himachal Pradesh, the party is suffused with a new political energy. It is buoyed by he victory of its controversial icon iNarendra Modi in Gujarat and is wasting no time in converting these successes into crucial political capital before the Lok Sabha elections scheduled for next year. The Congress party, on the other hand, is shoving distinct signs of disorientation as a re...

  5. Between Party, Parents and Peers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnbæk, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    providing an ethnographic account of the quandaries of two young ccp members. Even though one student is of rural origin and the other has an urban elite background, in both cases party membership has been pursued as a strategy for opening paths to the future and tied to a quest for self-development rather......This article explores the lived contradictions entailed in being a young member of the Chinese Communist Party (ccp) today. The focus is on how political and existential issues intersect. It explores party membership as a strategy for personal mobility among Beijing elite university students by...... than a matter of wishing to make sacrifices for the country. The article focuses on how the two students' efforts play out differently. At the same time it is argued that a sense of moral and existential ambiguity goes hand in hand with both of their party membership strategies, leading to an...

  6. North Carolina's Flexible Charter School Law: Is Too Much Flexibility Good for Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Frank

    1999-01-01

    North Carolina charter schools are operated by private, nonprofit corporations with federal, tax-exempt status and multicharter licenses. The application process is easy, the political climate under Governor Jim Hunt is progressive, and public employees are not unionized. On balance, the system seems both flexible and accountable to taxpayers.…

  7. Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsen, David; Ni, Yongmei

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread concern that administration consumes too much of the educational dollar in traditional public schools, diverting needed resources from classroom instruction and hampering efforts to improve student outcomes. By contrast, charter schools are predicted to have leaner administration and allocate resources more intensively to…

  8. PUBLIC FUNDING OF POLITICAL PARTIES

    OpenAIRE

    Schultz, Christian; Ortuno-OrtÍn, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Two policy motivated parties receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns influencing voting. Two cases are investigated. In the first some voters are policy motivated and some are ''impressionable'' - their vote depends directly on campaign expenditures. In the second campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increases policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larg...

  9. Political parties and network formation

    OpenAIRE

    Miettinen, Topi; Poutvaara, Panu

    2006-01-01

    We argue that anti-corruption laws may provide an efficiency rationale for why political parties should meddle in the distribution of political nominations and government contracts. Anti-corruption laws forbid trade in spoils that politicians distribute. However, citizens may pay for gaining access to politicians and, thereby, to become potential candidates for nominations. Such rent-seeking results in excessive network formation. Political parties may reduce wasteful network formation, thank...

  10. Which Party Gets the Mayoralty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjæveland, Asbjørn; Serritzlew, Søren

    2010-01-01

    In non-presidential multiparty systems, it is not only the voters but also coalition formation after the election that decides the government of the community. Some national-level studies investigate which parties are most likely to win the Prime Minister's office. The aim of this article is to...... parties that are popular in the electorate benefit from being perceived as more deserving of the mayoralty than others....

  11. Review of "Going Exponential: Growing the Charter School Sector's Best"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, David

    2011-01-01

    This Progressive Policy Institute report argues that charter schools should be expanded rapidly and exponentially. Citing exponential growth organizations, such as Starbucks and Apple, as well as the rapid growth of molds, viruses and cancers, the report advocates for similar growth models for charter schools. However, there is no explanation of…

  12. 76 FR 79751 - Industry Advisory Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Industry Advisory Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal The Under Secretary for Management has approved the renewal of the charter for the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations' (OBO)...

  13. Indianapolis Mayor Bart Peterson: The Peyton Manning of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, David

    2007-01-01

    Indianapolis Mayor Bart Peterson has laid down a bold challenge to the city's troubled public school system: improve or see your students migrate to the city's growing roster of impressive charter schools. This is no idle threat. In the 2006-2007 academic year, the mayor oversaw 16 charter schools serving 3,870 students. Peterson is currently the…

  14. Cultivating Life Skills at a Project-Based Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurdinger, Scott; Enloe, Walter

    2011-01-01

    Surveys that focused on academic and life skill development were collected from alumni who attended Avalon Charter School in St Paul, Minnesota. Avalon is a small public charter school that uses project-based learning as their primary teaching method. Forty-two alumni responded to the online survey. Students ranked life skills such as creativity,…

  15. Charter School Competition, Organization, and Achievement in Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Tomeka M.

    2013-01-01

    Market models of education reform predict that the growth of charter schools will infuse competition into the public school sector, forcing traditional public schools to improve the practices they engage in to educate students. Some scholars have criticized these models, arguing that competition from charter schools is unlikely to produce…

  16. Haven Charter Schools: Separate by Design and Legally Questionable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckes, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the legal and policy complexities involved with students who are self-selecting into haven charter schools. Haven charter schools are those that intend to create a safe place for students with complex histories who may have been intimidated by a dominant group in their former schools. For the purpose of this study, haven…

  17. Principles & Standards for Quality Charter School Authorizing. 2012 Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Charter school authorizing is a powerful strategy for making excellent public schools and educational opportunities available to all students. Done well, charter authorizing increases student achievement by expanding the supply of quality public schools to satisfy unmet needs--particularly by providing life-changing opportunities for students…

  18. State Policy Snapshot: School District Facilities and Public Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simnick, Russ

    2015-01-01

    One of the greatest challenges to the health of the public charter school movement is access to adequate facilities in which the schools operate. Public charter school facilities are rarely funded on par with school district facilities. Over the years, more states have come to realize that they have an obligation to ensure that all public school…

  19. Comparing New School Effects in Charter and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.; Loveless, Tom

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates whether student achievement varies during the institutional life span of charter schools by comparing them to new public schools. The results show that there is little evidence that new public schools struggle with initial start-up issues to the same extent as new charter schools. Even after controlling for school…

  20. Details from the Dashboard: Charter School Race/Ethnicity Demographics

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This "Details from the Dashboard" report examines race/ethnicity breakouts for public charter schools and traditional public schools at the state and the school district level. The data in this report indicate that in the large majority of states, the race/ethnicity student demographics of charter schools are almost identical to those of the…

  1. The Notion of Charter Schools and Its Feasibility in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem; Özaskin, Aysegül

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of Charter School system in Turkey, which was opened firstly in State of Minnesota of United States and was expanded to approximately 40 states in America today and also, in practice in some countries such as Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Sweden and Norway. Charter Schools are…

  2. Teacher Classroom Management Ratings at Concept Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senlik, Yasar

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that impact the classroom management rating score of teachers at Concept Schools managed charter schools. Concept Schools, a non-profit management and consulting organization that manages charter schools in the Midwest, has adapted Charlotte Danielson's rubrics for "Enhancing Professional…

  3. Charter Schools and the Risk of Increased Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotberg, Iris C.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines a wide array of research on the link between school choice programs and student segregation and draws implications for the Obama Administration's policy promoting the national expansion of charter schools. The research demonstrates how the proliferation of charter schools risks increasing current levels of segregation…

  4. 78 FR 57903 - Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of renewal and amendment of the charter of the Aerospace... the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel is in the public interest in connection with the performance...

  5. Charter Schools and the Teacher Job Search in Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the position of charter schools in prospective elementary teachers' job search decisions. Using a labor market segmentation framework, it explores teacher applicants' decisions to apply to charter schools. The data come from a mixed-methods longitudinal study of prospective teachers looking for their first job. This paper finds…

  6. Recognising and Developing Urban Teachers: Chartered London Teacher Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bubb, Sara; Porritt, Vivienne

    2008-01-01

    Chartered London Teacher (CLT) status is a unique scheme designed by London Challenge to recognise and reward teachers' achievements and provide a framework for professional development. As well as having the prestige of being a Chartered London Teacher for life, educators receive a one-time payment of 1,000 British pounds from the school budget…

  7. Much Ado about Nothing? Innovation in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Courtney; Goldring, Ellen; Berends, Mark; Cannata, Marisa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for measuring innovation in charter schools. The authors ask two questions: (1) What practices constitute innovation in various local and state contexts?; and (2) Do levels and types of innovation differ between charter schools and traditional public schools? The authors' sample frame includes…

  8. Charter School Path Paved with Choice, Compromise, Common Sense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junge, Ember Reichgott

    2014-01-01

    A state legislator who played a key role in enacting the nation's first charter school law in Minnesota tells the story of shaping the ideas and the bill. She now looks for ways that charter schools can coexist with traditional public schools to deliver a better education for all children.

  9. 77 FR 31682 - Renewal of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... material the pillage of which places a country's cultural heritage in jeopardy. The Committee makes... Heritage Center, U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, 2200 C Street NW... of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter SUMMARY: The Charter of the Department of...

  10. Principal Turnover: Upheaval and Uncertainty in Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Yongmei; Sun, Min; Rorrer, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Informed by literature on labor market and school choice, this study aims to examine the dynamics of principal career movements in charter schools by comparing principal turnover rates and patterns between charter schools and traditional public schools. Research Methods/Approach: This study uses longitudinal data on Utah principals and…

  11. Nigerian Parties and Political Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Shola Omotola

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Are these heady days for Nigerian political parties? This is themain question, which this paper addresses with emphasis on politicalideology, being the first and most important vehicle of a political party. It is argued that despite all pretences to the contrary through their manifestoes, as much as the superficial classifications as the “left” and “right”, “progressive” and “conservative”, Nigerian parties seem to be bereft of clear ideological commitments. This conclusion is predicatedupon the relegation of politics of issues to the background across the various republics, and in its place the ascendancy of identity and money politics. Other factors include the rising magnitude of political vagrancy on the basis of selfish and parochial interests, the high level of party indiscipline, absence/weakness of party cohesion and internal democracy, and the high mortality and turnover of party leadership. Finally, the paper discusses the implications of this for Nigeria’s democratization and democratic consolidation, before concluding with some recommendations.

  12. Protecting Geoheritage - Geodiversity Charter for England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlop, Lesley

    2016-04-01

    The Geodiversity Charter for England, launched in 2014, sets out the clear vision that England's 'geodiversity is recognised as an integral and vital part of our environment, economy and heritage that must be safeguarded and managed for current and future generations'. England is privileged to be among the most geodiverse places in the world with 700 million years of geological history revealed by our rocks. The white cliffs of Dover, honey coloured Cotswold limestone, granite Dartmoor Tors, are examples of this geodiversity. To maintain and enhance our geodiversity it is important to recognise its role in: • the understanding of England's geological history and global geosciences • natural heritage, both terrestrial and marine, and landscapes in all their diversity • supporting habitats and species and the many essential benefits they provide for society • adaptation to changes in climate and sea-level through sustainable management of land and water and working with natural processes • sustainable economic development • the history, character and cultural development of our society through intellectual growth and creative expression alongside industrial and technological development • public health, quality of life and national well-being and connecting people with the natural environment including active promotion of geotourism. Geodiversity, however, is an often overlooked environmental asset. The vision of the Charter and the work of the English Geodiversity Forum is to encourage good practice and to act as a focus in order to: • raise awareness of the importance, value and relevance of geodiversity to our economic prosperity and comfort and its wider links with the natural environment, landscape, cultural and historical heritage and sense of place • encourage a sense of pride through education and learning, promotion and interpretation • promote careful management of geodiversity through conservation and enhancement of its special

  13. Charter Schools and Special Education: Balancing Disparate Visions. An Investigation of Charter Schools and Special Education in Fifteen States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren M.; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    This report describes activities and findings of Project SEARCH, an on-going qualitative research project investigating the current status of policies regarding children with disabilities in charter schools. The project has involved a preliminary analysis of all current charter laws to examine the inclusion of students with disabilities and a more…

  14. 34 CFR 76.788 - What are a charter school LEA's responsibilities under this subpart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... significantly expand its enrollment, the charter school LEA or its authorized public chartering agency must... enrollment, the charter school LEA must provide actual enrollment and eligibility data to the SEA at a time... until the charter school LEA provides the SEA with the required actual enrollment and eligibility...

  15. 77 FR 24690 - Exemplary Charter School Collaboration Awards; Proposed Definitions, Requirements, and Selection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... would be designed to encourage charter schools and non-chartered public schools or non-chartered LEAs to... schools and non-chartered public schools alike, and provide students and their parents with a range of... commensurate to the amount the States have typically provided for traditional public schools. Background:...

  16. When the "Dream" Turns into a Nightmare: Life and Death of Voyager Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karanxha, Zorka

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This article highlights the complexity of accountability issues associated with one charter school from the charter application process, operation, and functioning of the external mechanism and the internal mechanism to hold the charter school accountable, closure of the school, and consequences of the charter school's closure on its…

  17. The Impact of an Urban Charter School Leadership Training Program on Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Jack Lamar

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the experiences, perspectives, and recommendations of participants in a charter school training program in order to gauge whether the training adequately prepared them for charter school leadership. Charter school leaders are prepared for leadership by university programs, non-profit programs, and charter schools themselves. A…

  18. Details from the Dashboard: Estimated Number of Public Charter Schools & Students, 2014-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2015

    2015-01-01

    During the 2014-15 school year, almost 500 new public charter schools opened. An estimated 348,000 additional students were attending public charter schools in the 2014-15 school year compared with the previous school year. With the addition of new charter schools and students, there are now more than 6,700 public charter schools enrolling about…

  19. Reducing ABA Litigation through Autism-Centric Charter Schools: Legally Viable or Vulnerable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Janet R.

    2010-01-01

    A recent study discovered that charter schools designed for children with autism or "autism-centric charter schools" comprise half of the total number of charter schools designed for children with disabilities. However, these unique charter schools may be vulnerable to legal challenges because they may be violating the Individuals with…

  20. Charter for Systems Engineer Working Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suffredini, Michael T.; Grissom, Larry

    2015-01-01

    This charter establishes the International Space Station Program (ISSP) Mobile Servicing System (MSS) Systems Engineering Working Group (SEWG). The MSS SEWG is established to provide a mechanism for Systems Engineering for the end-to-end MSS function. The MSS end-to-end function includes the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), the Mobile Remote Servicer (MRS) Base System (MBS), Robotic Work Station (RWS), Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM), Video Signal Converters (VSC), and Operations Control Software (OCS), the Mobile Transporter (MT), and by interfaces between and among these elements, and United States On-Orbit Segment (USOS) distributed systems, and other International Space Station Elements and Payloads, (including the Power Data Grapple Fixtures (PDGFs), MSS Capture Attach System (MCAS) and the Mobile Transporter Capture Latch (MTCL)). This end-to-end function will be supported by the ISS and MSS ground segment facilities. This charter defines the scope and limits of the program authority and document control that is delegated to the SEWG and it also identifies the panel core membership and specific operating policies.

  1. Party Politics and Criminality in India

    OpenAIRE

    Tiwari, Devesh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Why do political parties nominate candidates who have the potential to damage parties' reputation among voters? Specifically, why do parties in India nominate candidates who have been charged with committing violent crimes? In this dissertation, I examine the relationship between parties' goals, candidates' attributes, and electoral competition in order to understand why parties nominate candidates with normatively bad reputations. Chapter 1 provides the motivation for the project, highlighti...

  2. PARTY FORMATION INCOLLECTIVE DECISION-MAKING

    OpenAIRE

    Martin J. Osborne; Rabee Tourky

    2002-01-01

    We study party formation in a general model of collective decisionmaking, modeling parties as agglomerations of policy positions championed by decision-makers. We show that if there are economies of party size and the policy chosen is not beaten by another policy in pairwise voting, then players agglomerate into exactly two parties. This result does not depend on the magnitude of the economies of party size or sensitively on the nature of the individuals' preferences. Our analysis encompasses...

  3. Party formation in single-issue politics

    OpenAIRE

    Martin J. Osborne; Rabee Tourky

    2005-01-01

    We study party formation in a general model of collective decision-making, modelling parties as agglomerations of policy positions championed by decision-makers. We show that in the presence of economies of party size and a one-dimensional policy space, players agglomerate into exactly two parties. This result does not depend on the magnitude of the economies of party size or sensitively on the nature of the individuals' preferences. Our analysis encompasses several models, including decision...

  4. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...... expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can...

  5. YOUNG CITY,BIG PARTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Shenzhen Universiade unites the world’s young people through sports with none of the usual hoop-la, no fireworks, no grand performances by celebrities and superstars, the Shenzhen Summer Universiade lowered the curtain on a big party for youth and college students on August 23.

  6. Population policy: major party positions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, K

    1998-01-01

    This article identifies the major political party positions on population policy (PP) in Australia. Australia has the Governing Coalition, comprised of the Liberal and National Parties, and the Australian Labor Party (ALP), the main opposition party. The ALP adopted a PP at its national conference in 1998. The Government Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (DIMA) does not view a PP as a need. The ALP policy identifies the need to decide on a long term sustainable population size as determined within a PP framework. The visa classification system needs to reflect national priorities. Labor will support a fair refugee and humanitarian program. Skilled labor migration must be linked with labor market needs. Business migration is a means of transferring resources and technology to Australia. The DIMA Minister announced the target intake of 80,000 visa immigrants in 1998- 99, which would produce a peak population of about 23 million in 2050. Settler arrivals from New Zealand would increase population size. A group of scientists and scholars published their recommendations about development of a PP. The Minister of DIMA's defense of the lack of a PP is included in this publication. Labor in several publications indicates support for a larger immigration intake, or an adjustment of the intake within the existing numbers. The Prime Minister, who supports the concept of multiculturalism, argues that people must accept immigration policy. Politics today are more divided over the origin and future of the nation than population size issues. PMID:12294231

  7. CISO: charter of integration for simulator openness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve NPP simulators components homogeneity and reuse among projects, EDF (Electricite de France) has defined a Charter Integration for Simulator Openness. CISO, which is a set of rules and guidelines for simulator interoperability and openness, defines a static data model which must be used for any reference to the simulated installation, exchange procedures for simulation modules in a parallel environment and a standard basis for compatible communications between the simulator subsystems, CISO concentrates in interfaces and leaves open the individual choices for implementation. The prototyping phase is now completed, CISO will be put into practice for the next generation of EDF full-scale simulators, the guidelines must now enrich from experience. (author)

  8. AFSC/REFM: Alaska Saltwater Sport Fishing Charter Business Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The purpose of this project was to collect cost, earning, and employment information from the Alaska saltwater sport fishing charter business sector during the...

  9. 14 CFR 212.6 - Operation of gambling junket charters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS CHARTER RULES FOR U.S. AND FOREIGN DIRECT AIR CARRIERS § 212.6..., hotel, or cruise line or its agents, from requiring prospective passengers to pay nominal...

  10. 77 FR 10543 - Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... Office of the Secretary Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Charter AGENCY: Office of the... Secretary of Agriculture have renewed the Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council (Council...; (8) Hunting and shooting sports outreach and education organizations; (9) Tourism, outfitter,...

  11. 78 FR 65982 - Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADVISORY BOARD Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter AGENCY: Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board... continue an advisory committee to consider and recommend accounting standards and principles for...

  12. 78 FR 66801 - Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Announcement of advisory... Committee that provides the Agency with advice and recommendations on motor carrier safety programs...

  13. Perspectivas sobre las escuelas charter: Una resena para padres de familia (Perspectives on Charter Schools: A Review for Parents). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donahoo, Saran

    Recently, charter schools have gained popularity with parents, students, and others as alternatives to public schools, but what are charter schools and what effects are they having? This Spanish-language Digest defines charter schools and clarifies some of the administrative and legal details surrounding such schools. The Digest also lays out some…

  14. The Europeanisation of Slovak Political Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leška Dušan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to analyse the Europeanisation of Slovak political parties in the various stages of the transition and transformation of the political system of Slovakia before and after the entry into the European Union. Methodologically, the paper is based on the concept of Ladrech, who divided five areas of research to suit the study of the impact of the Europeanisation on political parties and their politics. Visible can be changes in political programmes, organisational changes, a formula of party competition, relations between parties and government, relations beyond the national party system (a new look at transnational cooperation between political parties. Our research proved that the Europeanisation has been visible at all stages of development, with varying degrees of intensity and in various forms since the signing of the association agreement with the European Union. Its effect was important already in the stage of the society transition when it helped the return of Slovakia on the path of democratic development. In the two stages of development, Europeanisation created an individual line of cleavage of political parties, affected the rivalry of political parties, and thus a party system model. Unambiguously, it was reflected in political programmes of all parties, and an important role was played by the incorporation of political parties in the European political parties, by their cooperation and coordination of their policies. The election in the European Parliament was an important turning point in completion of programme orientations of political parties.

  15. Considerations of the Respective Parties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Yang: There has appeared a tendency of "Peaceful resolution" and "multilateral cooperation" in the process of resolving the Korean nuclear issue. By the way, with regard to topic of our present discussion, I think that "multilateralism" is more proper than "regionalism. " Multilateralism usually means, "several countries (at least three countries) work out common rules of behavior in order to jointly resolve international issues" through long cooperation and in institutional patterns. Its concept is not in contradiction with regionalism. Instead of taking geographic factors and scale as standards, it considers the number of participating countries, their interactive pattern and process as the center.Northeast Asian security can't excludes the participation of USA-the only outside party. Although Mongolia, the only Northern Asian country, is most close to Northeast Asia, it has not been included in the framework of the Six-Party talks so far.

  16. 2010 Labour Party Leadership Election

    OpenAIRE

    Yiğit, Süreyya

    2016-01-01

    Britain is an established parliamentary democracy traditionally dominated by two political parties: Labour and Conservative. General election defeats usually prompt leadership challenges by candidates promising electoral success at the next election. 2010 was no exception with many Labour Members of Parliament offering themselves as the solution to fix the party’s electoral problems. Ed Miliband emerged as the victor in the Labour leadership contest, beating his elder brother alongside his ot...

  17. Greating opportunities at Luncheon Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On January 26, more than 200 representatives from the business circles in China and Argentina joined together to find more opportunities at the Luncheon Party for China-Argentina Opportunities in Trade, Investment and Business.The Luncheon was jointly initiated by CCPIT and Argentina's Embassy in China.Mr. Yu Ping, Vice President of CCPIT, and Mr. Tayana, Minister of International Trade and Culture of Argentina attended and addressed the luncheon.

  18. Book review: Political parties in Britain

    OpenAIRE

    Goes, Eunice

    2013-01-01

    "Political Parties in Britain." Matt Cole and Helen Deighan. Edinburgh University Press. July 2012. --- This introductory textbook examines the factors contributing to a political party’s fortune and identity. Authors Matt Cole and Helen Deighan examine Britain’s main political parties as well as ‘peripheral’ parties including the BNP and UKIP. Eunice Goes writes that Political Parties in Britain is a highly informative, accessible and up-to-date introductory text that should be included i...

  19. Nuclear Safety Charter; Charte Surete Nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    The AREVA 'Values Charter' reaffirmed the priority that must be given to the requirement for a very high level of safety, which applies in particular to the nuclear field. The purpose of this Nuclear Safety Charter is to set forth the group's commitments in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection so as to ensure that this requirement is met throughout the life cycle of the facilities. It should enable each of us, in carrying out our duties, to commit to this requirement personally, for the company, and for all stakeholders. These commitments are anchored in organizational and action principles and in complete transparency. They build on a safety culture shared by all personnel and maintained by periodic refresher training. They are implemented through Safety, Health, and Environmental management systems. The purpose of these commitments, beyond strict compliance with the laws and regulations in force in countries in which we operate as a group, is to foster a continuous improvement initiative aimed at continually enhancing our overall performance as a group. Content: 1 - Organization: responsibility of the group's executive management and subsidiaries, prime responsibility of the operator, a system of clearly defined responsibilities that draws on skilled support and on independent control of operating personnel, the general inspectorate: a shared expertise and an independent control of the operating organization, an organization that can be adapted for emergency management. 2 - Action principles: nuclear safety applies to every stage in the plant life cycle, lessons learned are analyzed and capitalized through the continuous improvement initiative, analyzing risks in advance is the basis of Areva's safety culture, employees are empowered to improve nuclear Safety, the group is committed to a voluntary radiation protection initiative And a sustained effort in reducing waste and effluent from facility Operations, employees and

  20. 11 CFR 9002.15 - Political party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Political party. 9002.15 Section 9002.15 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN FUND: GENERAL ELECTION FINANCING DEFINITIONS § 9002.15 Political party. Political party means an association, committee, or organization which nominates or selects an...

  1. Party government : myth or reality?

    OpenAIRE

    Blondel, Jean

    1994-01-01

    "The question of the relationship between parties and the governments which they support has not so far been given the attention it deserves. This is surprising from both a normative and an empirical standpoint. The reasons why this question has not been studied so far have probably to do with the notion, held unconsciously but also strongly, that the problem is a simple one. As with all matters which are understudied, there is some tendency to simplify and in this case to believe that parlia...

  2. Bewitched - The Tea Party Movement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward

    2011-01-01

    has also been shaped and energised by institutional arrangements. In particular, it argues that there are significant numbers of independent or ‘detached’ conservatives and that the institutional architecture draws them towards political engagement but at the same time imposes constraints. The...... political friction that this creates has contributed to the anger that has characterised the movement. While the Tea Party movement may, as such, have only an ephemeral existence, independent conservatives are likely to remain a significant and potent constituency and will, within the institutional...... structures that define the American political process, give rise to other movements and protests....

  3. 75 FR 1595 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... FR 554). Under this rule, NMFS will issue a charter halibut permit to the owner of a licensed charter..., 2009 (74 FR 18178) and in the final rule published on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). This 60-day... Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National...

  4. 14 CFR 372.25 - Tariffs to be filed for charter trips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Tariffs to be filed for charter trips. 372... § 372.25 Tariffs to be filed for charter trips. Effective October 1, 1972, a charter operator shall not... on file with the Department a currently effective tariff showing all rates, fares, and charges...

  5. For-Profit Charter Schools and Threats to the Publicness of Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitzlein, Sarah M.

    2013-01-01

    Media portrayals and education policies have combined with anecdotes about charter school successes to produce a favorable assessment of charter schools by two-thirds of Americans. Such media celebrations often group an array of charter school types together, thereby disguising their differences. Indeed, the public seems unaware there are…

  6. Student Achievement in Ohio Charter Schools: A Comparative and Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotler, Ruth M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate fifth-grade student achievement in Ohio public charter schools as compared to student achievement in traditional public schools, and to determine whether the performance of charter schools changed over time. Research questions asked 1) how does student achievement in Ohio's public charters compare…

  7. Charter Schools: A Welcome Choice for Parents. WebMemo. No. 2996

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richwine, Jason

    2010-01-01

    A study published by the Department of Education (DOE) in June, "The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts," highlights the many benefits of charter schools. The results show unambiguously that parents are substantially more satisfied with charter schools and the academic and social development of their children who attend compared to public school…

  8. 7 CFR 25.502 - Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.502 Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. Any rural area nominated by an economic development corporation chartered by a State and... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nominations by State-chartered economic...

  9. Achievement and Attainment in Chicago Charter Schools: A Summary. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booker, Kevin; Gill, Brian; Zimmer, Ron; Sass, Tim R.

    2008-01-01

    Chicago's "multi-grade" charter high schools (those that include middle school grades) appear to be increasing students' rates of graduation and college entry. The overall performance of Chicago's charter schools in raising student test scores is approximately on par with that of traditional public schools in Chicago. Charter schools in Chicago…

  10. 12 CFR 614.4080 - Loans and chartered territory-banks for cooperatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Loans and chartered territory-banks for cooperatives. 614.4080 Section 614.4080 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Chartered Territories § 614.4080 Loans and chartered territory—banks...

  11. 78 FR 53426 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal AGENCY... Services Administration, renewed the Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board on August 19, 2013. DATES: The Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board was...

  12. 14 CFR 294.3 - General requirements for Canadian charter air taxi operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... air taxi operators. 294.3 Section 294.3 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS CANADIAN CHARTER AIR TAXI OPERATORS General § 294.3 General requirements for Canadian charter air taxi operators. A Canadian charter air taxi operator...

  13. The Influence of Finance and Accountability Policies on Location of New York State Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bifulco, Robert; Buerger, Christian

    2015-01-01

    This article identifies a set of location incentives created by New York's charter school financing and accountability provisions. We then use regression models to examine the location of charter schools across and within districts. We find that charter schools (1) are significantly more likely to locate in districts with high operating expenses…

  14. Special Education in American Charter Schools: State Level Policy, Practices, and Tensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    2001-01-01

    States Project SEARCH, a three year qualitative study of special education in U.S. charter schools, revealed a fundamental gap between the individualized, autonomous nature of charter schools and regulated nature of special education. Notes this is complicated by some charter schools' inability to amass fiscal/human capacity to meet individual…

  15. 12 CFR 747.403 - Notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter; notice of suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter... to suspend or revoke charter; notice of suspension. (a) Upon its determination that one or more of... a notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter and of intent to place into involuntary...

  16. Toward a post-Charter health promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonté, Ronald

    2011-12-01

    The past 25 years have seen enormous shifts in the environmental, political, economic and social landscapes that condition people's abilities to be healthy. Climate change is now a reality. China, India, Brazil and other 'developing' countries are emerging as new axes of political and economic power. Global capitalism has become increasingly predatory and crisis ridden, a result of unregulated and irresponsible greed of unimaginable scale. The elite response has been the increased erosion of the health and other social protection policies of redistribution that characterized the first-world run-up to the Ottawa Charter. These new realities challenge health promoters in ways unforeseen a quarter century ago. It is imperative that local determinants of health, to which health promoters give their attention, be traced to broader, even global levels of determinants. Support for groups acting at these levels should become a fundamental practice tenet. So, too, should advocacy for the social state, in which progressive taxation and hefty social investment blunt the health inequalities created by unfettered markets. As environmental and economic insecurities and inequalities increase in many of the world's countries, so does the risk of xenophobia and conflict. The roots of racism are complex; but weeding them out becomes another health promotion practice of the new millennium. There are some hopeful signs of health promoting political change, much of it emanating now from countries in the global South; but the threat of a return to health behaviourism in the face of the new global pandemic of chronic disease is real and must be confronted. PMID:22080072

  17. Appointments and party organizations: network governmental party in kirchnerista peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo SCHERLIS

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to the understanding of the organizational structures of peronism, Argentine dominant political force, on the basis of a study on partisan appointments. It presents the main findings of a research on the scope, the workings, the motivations, and the criteria of partisan appointments in the Argentine state, with particular attention to Néstor Kirchner administration (2003-2007. The more general argument contends that appointments became in this period a crucial tool to control the state apparatus while, at the same time, they made it possible to renovate Peronist partisan elites under the leadership of the president. The data, obtained from a large series of expert interviews, make it possible to offer a new theoretical framework for the understanding of party-government linkages in contemporary Argentine democracy.

  18. Activist model of political party growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffs, Rebecca A.; Hayward, John; Roach, Paul A.; Wyburn, John

    2016-01-01

    The membership of British political parties has a direct influence on their political effectiveness. This paper applies the mathematics of epidemiology to the analysis of the growth and decline of such memberships. The party members are divided into activists and inactive members, where all activists influence the quality of party recruitment, but only a subset of activists recruit and thus govern numerical growth. The activists recruit for only a limited period, which acts as a restriction on further party growth. This Limited Activist model is applied to post-war and recent memberships of the Labour, Scottish National and Conservative parties. The model reproduces data trends, and relates realistically to historical narratives. It is concluded that the political parties analysed are not in danger of extinction but experience repeated periods of growth and decline in membership, albeit at lower numbers than in the past.

  19. Activist Model of Political Party Growth

    CERN Document Server

    Jeffs, Rebecca A; Roach, Paul A; Wyburn, John

    2015-01-01

    The membership of British political parties has a direct influence on their political effectiveness. This paper applies the mathematics of epidemiology to the analysis of the growth and decline of such memberships. The party members are divided into activists and inactive members, where all activists influence the quality of party recruitment, but only a subset of activists recruit and thus govern numerical growth. The activists recruit for only a limited period, which acts as a restriction on further party growth. This Limited Activist model is applied to post-war and recent memberships of the Labour, Scottish National and Conservative parties. The model reproduces data trends, and relates realistically to historical narratives. It is concluded that the political parties analysed are not in danger of extinction but experience repeated periods of growth and decline in membership, albeit at lower numbers than in the past.

  20. Next Step: State Funding for the Parties?

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, J.

    2002-01-01

    The Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 marked the most comprehensive and radical overhaul of British party finance for over 100 years. It instituted reforms in many areas, with the notable exception of the comprehensive extension of state funding for political parties. However, despite the radicalism of the Act, questions have already arisen as to whether further state funding should occur. This article argues that in order to examine the case for more comprehensive state f...

  1. Political party funding and business corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Argandoña, Antonio

    2002-01-01

    The funding of political parties raises interesting economic, political, social and ethical problems. This paper seeks to address these problems with the intention of contributing to the general debate, but, above all, of understanding the issue from the company's viewpoint, since companies are directly implicated in political party finance, as donors, as supposed beneficiaries of political activity, or as the sufferers of the consequences of illegal party funding. The analysis is focused in ...

  2. Social Networks and Political Parties in Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Adler Lomnitz, Larissa

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the origin and evolution of two Chilean political parties (the Radical Party and the Christian Democrat Party) through the analysis of the social networks that originated and composed them. The aim of this study is to propose a model of national political cultures on the basis of the structure of social networks related to power and of the symbol system, which legitimizes it. The structure of social networks, horizontal and vertical, are based on reciprocal or redistribut...

  3. Contracts for Interacting Two-Party Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon J. Pace

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the interrelation of deontic operators in contracts – an aspect often neglected when considering only one of the involved parties. On top of an automata-based semantics we formalise the onuses that obligations, permissions and prohibitions on one party impose on the other. Such formalisation allows for a clean notion of contract strictness and a derived notion of contract conflict that is enriched with issues arising from party interdependence.

  4. The physician charter on medical professionalism from the Chinese perspective: a comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Pingyue

    2015-07-01

    The charter of medical professionalism in the new millennium (Charter) has been endorsed worldwide, including by the Chinese Medical Doctor Association from 2005. Six years later, the association drafted a Chinese version of medical professionalism based on the Charter, the Chinese Medical Doctor Declaration (Declaration). This Declaration encompasses six tenets, which have large areas of overlap with the Charter. Meanwhile, certain differences also exist between the universal professionalism that the Charter aims to disseminate and the ideal Chinese professionalism that the Declaration endeavours to bolster. In this paper, we explore the unique aspects of the Declaration in contrast with the Charter to gain a deeper understanding of professionalism in the particular context of China. The Declaration may omit some valuable commitments found in the Charter, but it includes longstanding Confucian and cultural traditions of China, as well as consideration of current social circumstances. The Declaration thus re-establishes the ideal of universal professionalism in light of the Chinese context. PMID:25341734

  5. Understanding Student Discipline Practices in Charter Schools: A Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denice, Patrick; Gross, Betheny; Rausch, Karega

    2015-01-01

    Fair use of exclusionary discipline is a rising concern in public schools. At issue is whether this type of discipline is disproportionately applied to certain groups of students and whether some charter schools use it more frequently. For the first time, data compiled by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights capture discipline…

  6. 77 FR 33229 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661-667e), and Executive Order 12962 of June 7, 1995-Recreational Fisheries (60 FR 30769, June 7, 1995), as amended by Executive Order 13474 of September 26, 2008 (73 FR 57229, October 1... Office of the Secretary Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter AGENCY: Office of...

  7. Charter School Expansion and within District Equity: Confluence or Conflict?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Bruce D.; Libby, Ken; Wiley, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    This article explores whether two popular policy initiatives are compatible or conflicting strategies for enhancing educational equality in diverse large urban centers. These two initiatives are (1) charter school expansion and (2) improvement of resource equity across urban public school systems through policies often referred to as weighted…

  8. New Jersey Primer on Special Education & Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Jersey Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This document has been developed by the New Jersey Department of Education with the assistance of the TA Customizer Project funded by the U.S. Department of Education Charter Schools Program (CSP) and conducted by the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE). Its focus is on providing information and technical…

  9. Charter, Private, and Public Schools Work Together in Boston

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Diana

    2014-01-01

    A public, Catholic, and charter school in Boston all work together to share their strengths and learn from each other in an effort to deliver the best education for all of their students. The arrangement is called the School Performance Partnership, and it is a grantee of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

  10. A Revenue Planning Tool for Charter School Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Eric; Hayes, Cheryl D.

    2009-01-01

    This revenue planning tool aims to help charter school operators develop a sound revenue base that can meet their school's current and future funding needs. It helps identify and assess potential public (federal, state, and local) and private funding sources. The tool incorporates a four-step revenue planning process which includes: (1)…

  11. School Identity in the Context of Alberta Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Merlin; Gereluk, Dianne; Kowch, Eugene

    2016-01-01

    The central tenet of this investigation is that educational institutions possess their own school identity. Acknowledging that school identity is influenced by institutional mechanisms and personal dynamics, we examine school identity in the context of 13 Alberta charter schools. Narratives of 73 educational stakeholders across the network of…

  12. Letter: The Athena SWAN Charter and Good Employment Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Julie Ashdown

    2008-01-01

    Both men and women benefit from good employment practice; however, women in particular are adversely affected by bad practice. UCL was one of ten founder members of the Athena SWAN Charter when it was launched in June 2005 to celebrate excellence, and to share good practice in the employment of women in academic science, engineering and technology, especially at senior levels.

  13. The Effects of a Team Charter on Student Team Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaron, Joshua R.; McDowell, William C.; Herdman, Andrew O.

    2014-01-01

    The authors contribute to growing evidence that team charters contribute positively to performance by empirically testing their effects on key team process outcomes. Using a sample of business students in a team-based task requiring significant cooperative and coordinative behavior, the authors compare emergent team norms under a variety of team…

  14. 76 FR 65750 - Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and... Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel. SUMMARY: Pursuant to sections 14(b)(1) and 9(c) of the Federal Advisory... of the NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel is in the public interest in connection with...

  15. Charter Schools: Lessons in School Reform. Topics in Educational Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouillette, Liane

    This book investigates the strengths and limitations of charter schools as an approach to reform by focusing on the day-to-day reality of students, teachers, administrators, and parents involved. Detailed case studies of seven schools are included. Seymour Sarason's work on the creation of settings provides the lens through which these schools are…

  16. Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momentum, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Provides the text for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People. This document is part of a special collection of resources in the journal that address sexual abuse and the growing number of both confirmed and alleged cases of pedophilia and sexual abuse within the Catholic Church. (RC)

  17. Catalyst Schools: The Catholic Ethos and Public Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proehl, Rebecca A.; Starnes, Heather; Everett, Shirley

    2015-01-01

    During the past decade, Catholic leaders have been exploring options to revitalize the faltering Catholic school system especially in urban centers. One route being explored by dioceses and religious orders is opening what have been called "religious charter schools." Though not technically religious schools, they integrate many of the…

  18. Texas Roundup: Charter Schooling in the Lone Star State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Nelson

    2005-01-01

    The Texas example illustrates the challenge faced by today's charter movement: how to meet growing demand while maintaining quality. Its considerable progress is sometimes obscured by headlines about the few schools at the top that generate enormous excitement and world-class achievement and the few at the bottom that use their autonomy for unwise…

  19. Does Dividend Tax Impede Competition for Corporate Charters?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lai, Tat-kei; Ng, Travis

    High dividend income tax in the U.S. can impede state competition in the market for corporate charters. We offer a model to formalize the mechanism through which dividend tax lowers the incentives for a state legislator to refrain from enacting takeover regulations. We test a key driver within th...

  20. Students with Disabilities in Charter Schools: What We Now Know

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the charter school movement in the United States and a synthesis of the findings of the studies that have been conducted for nearly a decade by the University of Maryland in collaboration with the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE). The research documents the evolution of…

  1. The Equity Project Charter School: Impacts on Student Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Furgeson; Moira McCullough; Clare Wolfendale; Brian Gill

    2014-01-01

    This report describes The Equity Project (TEP) charter school’s instructional and personnel strategies, examines the characteristics and attrition rates of TEP students, and measures TEP’s impacts on student achievement during the school’s first four years of operation.

  2. The crisis of party democracy, cognitive mobilization and the case for making parties more deliberative

    OpenAIRE

    Accetti, Carlo Invernizzi; Wolkenstein, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    The much-discussed crisis of political parties poses a challenge to democratic theorists as institutional designers: how can the capacity of parties to mediate between society and state be resuscitated? In this paper, we suggest that parties need to become more internally deliberative, allowing partisans to debate policy and more general visions for the polity. We outline a prescriptive model of deliberative intra-party democracy, drawing on the empirical literature on the changing structure ...

  3. Parties heed (with caution): Public knowledge of and attitudes towards party finance in Britain

    OpenAIRE

    vanHeerde-Hudson, J.; Fisher, J

    2013-01-01

    Despite comprehensive reform (Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act) and recent review (Phillips Review in 2007) of party finance in Britain, public opinion of party finance remains plagued by perceptions of corruption, undue influence from wealthy donors, carefree and wasteful spending and, more generally, from the perception that there is just ‘too much money’ in politics. In this article we argue that knowledge of and attitudes to party finance matter, not least because advocate...

  4. Book Review: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7......Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7...

  5. Low Membership in Czech Political Parties: Party Strategy or Structural Determinants?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš; Pecháček, Š.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 23, č. 2 (2007), s. 259-275. ISSN 1352-3279 R&D Projects: GA MPS 1J004/04-DP1 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : political parties * party membership * antiparty sentiments * party organization Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences

  6. New parties in government: party organization and the costs of public office

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Bolleyer; J. van Spanje; A. Wilson

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies suggest, and common wisdom holds, that government participation is detrimental for new parties. This paper argues that the opposite is true. Drawing on a large-N analysis (111 parties in 16 countries) in combination with two case studies, it demonstrates that new parties generally b

  7. Book review: Multi-level party politics in Western Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Heinz, Dominic

    2013-01-01

    Multi-Level Party Politics in Western Europe is a study of territorial dynamics within party systems and party organizations in Western European multi-layered systems. It argues that processes of state restructuring and party crisis have forced parties to adapt their competitive strategies and internal structures. With the logic of territorial party competition becoming more complex, parties in Europe have developed quite different responses to deal with the challenges of multi-level politics...

  8. The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages: Still Relevant in the Information Age?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah McMonagle

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The impact of new information and communication technologies on European societies could not have been foreseen at the time the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML was adopted two decades ago. Although the text of the ECRML contains no reference to such technologies, they clearly have a role in the context of linguistic communication, given their current social ubiquity. The measures outlined in the ECRML concerning, inter alia, media and cultural facilities, are precisely those being affected by the new media landscape. We can therefore be certain that the internet has some sort of impact on regional and minority languages in Europe, yet detailed assessments of this impact at the policy level are lacking. This article seeks to uncover the extent to which the Committee of Experts of the ECRML assesses the impact of the internet on those languages that have been selected by state parties for protection and promotion under the provisions of the ECRML. Findings show that references to the internet have increased in the reports of the Committee of Experts since monitoring began. However, the role of new technologies in inhibiting or facilitating regional and minority languages is seldom evaluated.

  9. k-PARTY SHARED RSA KEY GENERATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HeMingxing; FanPingzhi; 等

    2003-01-01

    This Ietter presents a k-party RSA key sharing scheme and the related algorithms are pressented.It is shown that the shared key can be generated in such a collaborative way that the RSA modulus is pubicly known but none of the parties is able to decrypt the enciphered message individually.

  10. Crossing boundaries : Involving external parties in innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slot, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    To improve the return on investments in innovation, firms increasingly open up their new product development (NPD) processes by inviting external parties to participate. This dissertation focuses on the involvement of three different types of external parties in the NPD process: suppliers, customers

  11. Cryptography for Multi-Located Parties

    OpenAIRE

    Kak, Subhash

    2009-01-01

    This note describes some cryptographic issues related to multi-located parties. In general, multi-located parties make it difficult for the eavesdropper to mount the man-in-the-middle attack. Conversely, they make it easier to address problems such as joint encryption and error correction coding. It is easier to implement the three-stage quantum cryptography protocol.

  12. Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools. Working Paper #24

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsen, David; Ni, Yongmei

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread concern that administration consumes too much of the educational dollar in traditional public schools, diverting needed resources from classroom instruction and hampering efforts to improve student outcomes. By contrast, charter schools are predicted to have leaner administration and allocate resources more intensively to…

  13. Of `Cocktail Parties' and Exoplanets

    CERN Document Server

    Waldmann, Ingo P

    2011-01-01

    The characterisation of ever smaller and fainter extrasolar planets requires a intricate under- standing of one's data and the analysis techniques used. Correcting the raw data at the 10^-4 level of accuracy in flux is one of the central challenges. For most space and ground-based data analysis, the results obtained can be heavily dependent on the systematic noise corrections used and are the underlying cause of much recent controversy in the field. These instrument models strongly depend on the quality of the retrieved priors and the adequacy of the model's definition itself. It is therefore highly desirable to analyse one's data with as little prior knowledge of the system as possible to guarantee the highest possible degree of objectivity. Here we propose a non-parametric machine learning algorithm to de-convolve the systematic noise and all non-Gaussian signals from the desired astrophysical signal. Such a 'blind' de-convolution of signals is commonly known as the 'Cocktail Party problem' in signal-proces...

  14. Prescribing Democracy? Party Proscription and Party System Stability in Turkey, Germany and Spain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela; Casals Bertoa, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    of party bans on party system development has remained mostly under-researched. Trying to address this lacuna, and employing a new dataset of banned parties in Europe between 1945 and 2015, we compare the effects of party ban regulation on party system stability in three different arenas: electoral......, parliamentary and governmental. In particular, we examine the impact of party proscription on electoral volatility, fragmentation and closure in three different countries: Turkey, Germany and Spain. Using examples both at national and regional (e.g. Basque Country, Navarre, Saxony) level, and making use...... hypotheses (i.e. organizational succession, electoral system, etc.) trying to explain why the outcomes of some cases within each country deviate from theoretical expectations. Finally, the article also examines the phenomenon of “non-banning” and how the failure of attempts to ban political parties might...

  15. A Comparison of the Perceptions of School Work Culture by Administrators and Faculty in the Public Charter and Non-Charter Elementary Schools of a Central Florida County

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quin, Wayne Anthony

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated perceptions of school work culture of instructional staff members (administrators and faculty) in public charter and public non-charter elementary schools in a large urban metropolitan county of Central Florida by assessing differences in perceptions of administrators and faculty related to school work culture, perceptions…

  16. OF 'COCKTAIL PARTIES' AND EXOPLANETS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The characterization of ever smaller and fainter extrasolar planets requires an intricate understanding of one's data and the analysis techniques used. Correcting the raw data at the 10–4 level of accuracy in flux is one of the central challenges. This can be difficult for instruments that do not feature a calibration plan for such high precision measurements. Here, it is not always obvious how to de-correlate the data using auxiliary information of the instrument and it becomes paramount to know how well one can disentangle instrument systematics from one's data, given nothing but the data themselves. We propose a non-parametric machine learning algorithm, based on the concept of independent component analysis, to de-convolve the systematic noise and all non-Gaussian signals from the desired astrophysical signal. Such a 'blind' signal de-mixing is commonly known as the 'Cocktail Party problem' in signal processing. Given multiple simultaneous observations of the same exoplanetary eclipse, as in the case of spectrophotometry, we show that we can often disentangle systematic noise from the original light-curve signal without the use of any complementary information of the instrument. In this paper, we explore these signal extraction techniques using simulated data and two data sets observed with the Hubble Space Telescope NICMOS instrument. Another important application is the de-correlation of the exoplanetary signal from time-correlated stellar variability. Using data obtained by the Kepler mission we show that the desired signal can be de-convolved from the stellar noise using a single time series spanning several eclipse events. Such non-parametric techniques can provide important confirmations of the existent parametric corrections reported in the literature, and their associated results. Additionally they can substantially improve the precision exoplanetary light-curve analysis in the future.

  17. The Chinese Communist Party in Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik; Yongnian, Zheng

    Contrary to the expectations of many people, China's recent economic growth has not led to the collapse of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, the party has recently carried out a peaceful and orderly transition to the so-called fourth generation of leadership, has revitalised itself, and created...... a new, younger and better trained cadre corps. Despite this successful transformation, there continue to be many problems that the party will need to overcome if it is to remain in power, including pressures for democratization in both urban and rural areas, widespread corruption, the emergence of...

  18. The Labour Party and British Republicanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth O. MORGAN

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, once solved a case by referring to “the dog that did not bark.” In the past 250 years of British history, republicanism is another dog that did not bark. This is particularly true of supposedly our most radical major political party, the Labour Party. Over the monarchy, as over constitutional matters generally, Labour’s instincts have been conservative. Even after 1997, when the party, led by Lord Irvine, has indeed embarked upon major constitutional ref...

  19. On the Implementation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights in South Africa%论《非洲人权和民族权宪章》在南非国内的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡高强; 郑敏芝

    2012-01-01

    《非洲人权和民族权宪章》的诞生对非洲人权保护而言具有里程碑的意义。宪章全面规定了人权和民族权,并针对宪章的良好实施规定了缔约国的国内实施义务。南非作为该宪章缔约国,采取了通过新宪法、建立宪法法院、制定保护人权的法律以及设立人权机构等一系列措施来确认和保障宪章人权,有效地推进了宪章所规定权利和自由在其国内的实施,从而使南非在区域人权保护中处于领先地位,特别是在对艾滋病人人权的保护上取得了令人瞩目的成就。%The birth of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights is a milestone for the protection of human rights in Africa. The Charter provides a comprehensive Human and Peoples' Rights, and stipulates the con- tracting parties' obligations to implement the Charter in their countries. As a contracting party of the Charter, South Africa has taken a series of measures to confirm and protect human fights of the Charter, such as enacting a new constitution, establishing the Constitutional Court, making laws to protect human rights and establishing human rights institutions, which has effectively promoted the implement of the fights and freedom prescribed in the Char- ter. Therefore, South Africa is in the leading position in the regional human rights protection, especially the note- worthy achievements in the protection of AIDS People's human rights.

  20. Do charter schools crowd out private school enrollment? Evidence from Michigan

    OpenAIRE

    Chakrabarti, Rajashri; Roy, Joydeep

    2010-01-01

    Charter schools have been one of the most important dimensions of recent school reform measures in the United States. Currently, there are more than 4,500 charter schools spread across forty U.S. states and the District of Columbia. Though there have been numerous studies on the effects of charter schools, these have mostly been confined to analyzing the effects on student achievement, student demographic composition, parental satisfaction, and the competitive effects on regular public school...

  1. What Do Parents Want? Factors Affecting Parental Decisions in Charter School Enrollment

    OpenAIRE

    Delaney, Patrick Prescott

    2008-01-01

    As an avenue of educational reform and organizational restructuring within public education, school choice has gained in popularity over the last twenty years. The charter school movement, in particular, has enjoyed a high growth rate since its introduction in 1992. Advocates of charter schools claim the schoolsâ regulatory freedom and unique structure foster improved academic performance and educational success. However, the literature shows charter school studentsâ performance is typ...

  2. Case Studies ofEmerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i

    OpenAIRE

    Nina K. Buchanan; Fox, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    The fast growing charter school movement may be impeded if charter schools are perceived as a vehicle for stratifying, segregating, and balkanizing an already ethnically, socio-economically divided population. This article defines ethnocentric schools and describes three Native Hawai'ian charter schools. While they are very different in curricula and in emphasis on the Hawai'ian language and other features, they all have strong community support and a high degree of parental involvement and h...

  3. Chartered teachers matter: envisioning their future as leaders of learning

    OpenAIRE

    Hudson, Brian

    2012-01-01

    This report traces the development of the Chartered Teacher Scheme (CTS) using an approach based on documentary analysis of reports published during the last 10 years. It places this significant and far-sighted policy initiative, which was an important pillar in A Teaching Profession for the 21st Century (2001), within a wider international context in which the “Scottish approach” has been recognised as being at the forefront of quality improvement in schools. Central to this h...

  4. Standard Chartered Bank: Women on Corporate Boards in India 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Banerji, A.; Mahtani, S.; Sealy, Ruth; Vinnicombe, Susan

    2010-01-01

    This first Standard Chartered Bank: Women on Corporate Boards in India 2010 report looks at the representation of women on the boards of India's leading companies on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE-100) . It ranks the companies in terms of the gender diversity of their boards, with those with the highest percentage of women on their boards appearing at the top. The report also examines the general topic of gender diversity on the boards of the BSE-100 by presenting the findin...

  5. Organizational Culture : a case study of standard chartered (Vietnam) Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Kien Doan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to understand the definition of organizational culture and examine organizational culture of Standard Chartered Bank (Vietnam) Ltd (SCB). Organizational culture has become a interesting topic. The company now are aware of its important role as a competitive advantage. The thesis will go though definitions of various researcher to find out the common understanding. A few methods of approaching organizational culture are considered to find a prooer framework for ca...

  6. A welfare analysis of Canadian chartered bank mergers

    OpenAIRE

    James McIntosh

    2002-01-01

    An econometric model of Canada's five largest banks is estimated using time series data from 1976 to 1996. The principal findings are that chartered bank technology is characterized by increasing returns to scale. Scale efficiency is sufficiently large to offset the consequences of reduced competition that might have arisen from a merger between Bank of Montreal and Royal Bank of Canada, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and Toronto Dominion Bank, or both. The estimated model predicts that a...

  7. Gender differences in Assessments of Party Leaders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between party leader gender and voters' assessments? Yes, according to theses on gender identity and stereotyping. A voter survey during the 2011 Danish general election allows for a comprehensive analysis of a less likely case with four male and four female party leaders...... gender does not increase with age, actually, the opposite is the case among men since younger male voters have smaller sympathy for female party leaders. Furthermore, there is no support for the expectation that voters with more education or with higher levels of political interest and knowledge are more...... positive towards party leaders of their own gender than voters with less education. Also, the relationship between gender and voters’ assessments is not stronger prior to the election campaign than immediately after the election. Hence, in sum, gender identity does not seem to require a higher level of...

  8. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...... & Shugart (1995) are first tested using a fixed-effects model. The effect of the personal reputation of the candidates, measured by personal votes, on party choice is then tested using a multilevel multinomial logit model suggested by Rabe-Hesketh and Skrondal (2008). The paper shows that both the electoral...... system and the personal reputation of local candidates have theoretically expected effects on party choice at local elections in Denmark. The methodology can be used for cross-national studies of multilevel effects on multi-party choice....

  9. The Europeanisation of Slovak Political Parties

    OpenAIRE

    Leška Dušan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study is to analyse the Europeanisation of Slovak political parties in the various stages of the transition and transformation of the political system of Slovakia before and after the entry into the European Union. Methodologically, the paper is based on the concept of Ladrech, who divided five areas of research to suit the study of the impact of the Europeanisation on political parties and their politics. Visible can be changes in political programmes, organisational changes, ...

  10. Social praxis, party, and class relations today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egni Malo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s political sociologists are once again interested in the study of the crisis of mass-based parties, anti-politics and anti-parliamentarism, crisis in the authority of the political class, prevailing corporate interests within republican institutions, and populism. Political sociology however, takes the party, as a construct of political sociology alone, without consideration upon its militancy and action, as the party, which objectifies the foundation of a State, and as a result the party becomes, simply an historical category. We approach the problem of the modern state from many angles; analysing the nature of a political party as such; the ideological dangers of determinism and spontaneism which a party necessarily must struggle with; the type of non-administrative internal regime which is necessary for a party to be effective and so on. The problem we seek to elaborate is the specific character of the collective action that makes possible the passage from a sectored, corporate and subordinate role of purely negative opposition, to a leading role of conscious action towards not merely a partial adjustment within the system, but posing the issue of the State in its entirety. In developing this theme – as a study of the real relations between the political party, the classes and the State – a two-fold consideration is devoted to the study of Machiavelli and Marx: first from the angle of the real relations between the two, as thinkers of revolutionary politics, of action; and secondly from a perspective which would derive from the Marxist doctrines an articulated system of contemporary politics, as found in The Prince.

  11. Movements in Parties: OccupyPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella della Porta

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available When the United States activists called for people to Occupy#everywhere, it is unlikely they were thinking of the headquarters of the Italian centre-left party. Parties and movements are often considered to be worlds apart. In reality, parties have been relevant players in movement politics, and movements have influenced parties, often through the double militancy of many of their members. OccupyPD testifies to a continuous fluidity at the movement-party border, but also to a blockage in the party’s interactions with society that started long before the economic crisis but drastically accelerated with it. In this paper we present the OccupyPD Movement as a case of interaction between party politics and social movement politics, and in particular between the base membership of a centre-left party and the broader anti-austerity movement that diffused from the US to Europe adopting similar forms of actions and claims. Second, by locating it within the context of the economic and democratic crisis that erupted in 2007, we understand its emergence as a reaction towards politics in times of crisis of responsibility, by which we mean a drastic drop in the capacity of the government to respond to citizens’ requests. To fulfil this double aim, we bridge social movement studies with research on party change, institutional trust and democratic theory, looking at some political effects of the economic crisis in terms of a specific form of legitimacy crisis, as well as citizens’ responses to it, with a particular focus on the political meaning of recent anti-austerity protests. In this analysis, we refer to both quantitative and qualitative data from secondary liter-ature and original in-depth interviews carried out with a sample of OccupyPD activists.

  12. Foodborne streptococcal pharyngitis after a party.

    OpenAIRE

    Berkley, S F; Rigau-Pérez, J G; Facklam, R.; Broome, C V

    1986-01-01

    Following a private party in Río Piedras, PR, 23 (56 percent) of those who attended developed an illness characterized by pharyngitis, myalgia, fatigue, headache, and fever. Consumption of carrucho (conch) salad was significantly associated with illness (P = 0.013, Fisher's exact test). Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (M nontypable T12, serum opacity factor positive) were isolated both from throat cultures in 11 of 47 persons who attended the party and from the implicated food. The origin...

  13. Party Formation in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    DeWitt, Darin

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation is about how political parties formed in the world's first mass democracy, the United States. I trace the process of party formation from the bottom up. First, I ask: How do individuals become engaged in politics and develop political affiliations? In most states, throughout the antebellum era, the county was the primary unit of political administration and electoral representation. Owing to their small size, contiguity, and economic homogeneity, I expect that each county's ...

  14. Motivated Reasoning and Political Parties: Evidence for Increased Processing in the Face of Party Cues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Michael Bang; Skov, Martin; Serritzlew, Søren;

    2013-01-01

    psychological literature on source cues, we derive two possible hypotheses: (1) party cues activate heuristic processing aimed at minimizing the processing effort during opinion formation, and (2) party cues activate group motivational processes that compel citizens to support the position of their party. As...... part of the latter processes, the presence of party cues would make individuals engage in effortful motivated reasoning to produce arguments for the correctness of their party’s position. Following psychological research, we use response latency to measure processing effort and, in support of the......Extant research in political science has demonstrated that citizens’ opinions on policies are influenced by their attachment to the party sponsoring them. At the same time, little evidence exists illuminating the psychological processes through which such party cues are filtered. From the...

  15. Shifting parties, constant cleavage. Party system formation along the urban-rural cleavage in post-communist Lithuania

    OpenAIRE

    Lie, Svenn Arne

    2006-01-01

    When studying the party system formation in post-communist Lithuania, the Western European theoretical framework is a useful, although not sufficient tool to understand this process. Weak alignments between voters and parties and unstable party systems have made it difficult to apply the Western European theoretical framework because it prerequisites a high degree of party institutionalisation. In addition to unstable electoral support for the established parties, new parties s...

  16. Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lanko D.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an analysis of political party system of the Republic of Estonia in the mid-2010s. The analysis is based on the works of Moris Duverger. As one might expect, the establishment of proportionate electoral system in Estonia has resulted in the formation of a multi-party system, in which no single party dominates in the parliament even in a short run. The article demonstrates that though Estonian political party system develops in line with the tendencies typical to political party systems of most European countries, some of its elements are more common to postcommunist countries. It indicates that the political party system in Estonia has stabilized throughout the past decade. Today, five sixths of voters support one of the four main political parties. A minority of voters does not consider any of the four dominant parties as a representative of their interests; thus, they vote for parties that had not been previously represented in the parliament. This allowed for two minor political parties to pass into the parliament at 2015 elections: the Estonian Conservative People’s Party, and Free Party. In the long run the minor parties will be able to keep parliamentary seats depending on their ability to build coalitions, either with the three governing parties — Reform Party, Pro Patria and Republic Union, and Social-Democratic Party, or with opposition Centre Party. The article considers the impact of the split in the Estonian society between ethnic Estonians and Russophonic people on political party system. It demonstrates that the majority of Russophonic voters in Estonia support the Centre Party, every major political party in the country has its Russophonic voters, while Estonian United Left Party, which promotes itself as a particular representative of the country’s Russophonic minority, remains a marginal political force.

  17. Party on wheels: mobile party spaces in the Norwegian high school graduation celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjaer, Eivind Grip; Pedersen, Willy; Sandberg, Sveinung

    2016-06-01

    Research on partying and nightlife often emphasizes commercial control while overlooking participants' creativity and agency. Due to their age, appearance and transgressive partying, participants in the Norwegian high school graduation celebration have limited access to bars and pubs in the ordinary night-time economy. To create alternative party spaces under their own control they utilize the spatial opportunities offered by automobility. Groups of students get together many years in advance and buy old buses which they refurbish to become rolling nightclubs that enable them to 'transcend space' through partying while on the move. These mobile party spaces provide a material and symbolic centre of communion and a tight space for physical assembly that enhances the production of intense positive emotions. In a cat-and-mouse game with the police, the buses provide a sense of nomadic autonomy, and enable participants to drink heavily for days on end. The study examines how youth may creatively zone their own party spaces within the context of automobility and how these mobile spaces again shape the partying that goes on within them. While this party practice opens up for autonomy, creativity and social transgressions reminiscent of liminal phases or carnivals, at a deeper level participants clearly reproduce class-based differences and exaggerate conventional practices and symbols. PMID:27121256

  18. The party politics of economic reform: Public opinion, party positions and partisan cleavages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padgett, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the capacity of parties to cultivate public opinion to accept welfare state reform. 'Preference shaping', it is argued, depends on the intensity of party 'messages', which will be at their strongest where there are sharply defined partisan cleavages in opinion. The aversion o

  19. 75 FR 33631 - Office of the Secretary: Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... Office of the Secretary: Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter AGENCY: Office of the... Secretary of the Interior has renewed the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council (Council) charter... Council will represent the interests of the sport fishing and boating constituencies and industries...

  20. 76 FR 48863 - Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS AGENCY: Department..., Office of HIV/ AIDS Policy. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Health and Human Services is hereby giving notice that the charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS (PACHA;...

  1. 78 FR 49755 - Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS AGENCY: Office of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Disease Policy, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Office of the... Human Services is hereby giving notice that the charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on...

  2. Charter school education in Texas: Student achievement on the exit level assessment in math and science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Jeffery E.

    Public schools in the state of Texas are held accountable for performance and quality of education. Accountability is important to all schools, but it is critical to open-enrollment charter schools to remain in good standing. The current economic situation in Texas public education has brought attention as well as the need for alternative education programs such as charter schools. It is of the utmost importance for charter schools to illustrate that they are meeting the academic needs of the target market. This study addressed student achievement, as well as expenditure per student in both charter schools and traditional schools in the Region 10 educational service center. The datum for the study were obtained from the Texas Education Agency (TEA) website, specifically the Academic Excellence Indicator System Data (AEIS) files for the 2011-2012. The study sample included 30 open-enrollment charters schools and 30 traditional high schools within the Region 10 educational service center during the school year of 2011-2012. The research study determined significant statistical differences between open-enrollment charter schools and traditional high schools. The potential for the study was to gain additional knowledge and insight along with additional data for the open-enrollment charter schools and traditional schools in the Region 10 Educational Service Center. The study has potentially increased the information for researchers and practitioners in education. In addition this study has proved charter schools are a viable and an effective educational tool for the future.

  3. The Impact of Charter Schools on Public and Private School Enrollments. Policy Analysis. No. 707

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddin, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Charter schools are publicly funded schools that have considerable independence from public school districts in their curriculum development and staffing decisions, and their enrollments have increased substantially over the past two decades. Charter schools are changing public and private school enrollment patterns across the United States. This…

  4. Legal and Policy Issues Regarding Niche Charter Schools: Race, Religion, Culture, and the Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckes, Suzanne E.; Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.

    2011-01-01

    A growing number of ethnocentric or culturally oriented niche charter schools have opened around the country. These ethnic or culture-oriented models raise legal and policy concerns about church/state entanglement as well as concerns about diversity. Indeed, there has already been litigation focused on racial and ethnic aspects of charter schools…

  5. Academic Optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, and Student Achievement at Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guvercin, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs), and student achievement in college preparatory charter schools. A purposeful sample of elementary school teachers from college preparatory charter schools (N = 226) in southeast Texas was solicited to complete the…

  6. "It's Our Best Choice Right Now": Exploring How Charter School Parents Choose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villavicencio, Adriana

    2013-01-01

    One of the underlying premises of the charter school movement is that quality drives consumer choice. As educational consumers, parents are viewed as rational actors who, if given the choice, will select better performing school. In examining the choice processes of charter school parents, however, this study calls into question the extent to…

  7. Civic Fragmentation or Voluntary Association? Habermas, Fraser, and Charter School Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Terri S.

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, Terri Wilson puts the argument developed by Kathleen Knight Abowitz that charter schools could be considered as counterpublic spaces into interaction with empirical research that explores patterns of voluntary self-segregation in charter schools. Wilson returns to the theoretical tension between Jurgen Habermas and Nancy Fraser over…

  8. The Revolution Will Be Privatized: Teach for America and Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretchmar, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the ways that the charter school movement is experienced and negotiated by educators who entered the profession through Teach For America (TFA). TFA's impact has been significant in the larger educational trend towards market-based reforms and, in particular, the charter school movement. Analyzed through a critical…

  9. Seeking Common Ground: Early Lessons in District-Charter School Collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Moira McCullough; Luke Heinkel; Betsy Keating

    2015-01-01

    This document is an issue brief to accompany a longer report examining the implementation of district-charter collaboration grants funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The issue brief summarizes the key findings, including promising practices facilitating district-charter collaboration, areas for improvement, and suggestions for improving implementation going forward.

  10. Urban School Choice and Integration: The Effect of Charter Schools in Little Rock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Gary W.; Jensen, Nathan C.; Kisida, Brian; Bowen, Daniel H.

    2016-01-01

    We examine the impact of charter schools on school integration in the Little Rock, Arkansas metropolitan area. We find that charters are less likely to be hyper-segregated than traditional public schools (TPS), but TPS have compositions more closely reflecting the region. However, differences in each case are slight. Using student-level data to…

  11. 78 FR 55114 - Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter; Notice of Intent To Renew

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... needs of American Indians and Native Americans, as well as enhance the quality of life in accordance... Employment and Training Administration Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter... to Renew the Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter. SUMMARY: Notice...

  12. Work Environments and Labor Markets: Explaining Principal Turnover Gap between Charter Schools and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Min; Ni, Yongmei

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Knowledge about principals' leadership roles in charter schools' success has become more important as the number of charter schools increases and as we have learned more about the influence of principal leadership on school effectiveness. To contribute to the limited empirical literature on the principal labor market, this study explores…

  13. Examining Charter School Policy and Public School District Resource Allocation in Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linick, Matthew A.

    2016-01-01

    This project focuses on the competitive pressure, or the threat of competitive pressure, generated by charter school policy. This paper uses longitudinal district-level data and multiple quasi-experimental designs to examine the relationship between two Ohio charter school policies and changes in public school district instructional resource…

  14. 75 FR 22560 - Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter... that it is renewing the charter for the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (hereafter referred to... an intermittent basis to work specific Board-related efforts, and shall have no voting rights....

  15. A Meta-Analysis of the Literature on the Effect of Charter Schools on Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, Julian R.; Tang, Y. Emily

    2016-01-01

    Charter schools represent an increasingly important form of school choice in the United States. Charter schools are public schools, with a difference. Compared to traditional public schools, they are exempted from some of the state laws and regulations that govern traditional public schools. In this way, parents come to have a greater number of…

  16. Beyond the Schoolhouse Door: How Charter Schools Are Transforming U.S. Public Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manno, Bruno V.; Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Vanourek, Greg

    2000-01-01

    Discusses evolutionary stages in the education establishment's reaction to charter schools: stopping them cold, keeping them few and weak, competing with them, and accepting and using them. Charters are not revolutionary. They embody three time-tested features: community rootedness; resemblance to magnet and alternative schools; and institutional…

  17. 76 FR 64122 - NASA Advisory Committee; Renewal of NASA's International Space Station Advisory Committee Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION NASA Advisory Committee; Renewal of NASA's International Space Station Advisory Committee Charter AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of renewal... imposed on NASA by law. The renewed Charter is for a one-year period ending September 30, 2012. It...

  18. From Policy to Practice: Implementation of the Legislative Objectives of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barghaus, Katherine M.; Boe, Erling E.

    2011-01-01

    Key legislative objectives of charter schools are to provide more school and classroom options, increase teacher influence over decision making, and increase school autonomy from state and district policy. Using national data from the 2003-4 School and Staffing Survey, we found that charter schools attained these legislative objectives when…

  19. A Closer Look at Charter Schools and Segregation: Flawed Comparisons Lead to Overstated Conclusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Gary; Jensen, Nathan; Kisida, Brian; McGee, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    In January 2010, the UCLA-based Civil Rights Project (CRP) released "Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards." The study intended to report on, among other things, levels of racial segregation in charter schools across the United States. The authors use 2007-08 data from the U.S. Department of…

  20. "Are We Architects or Construction Workers?" Re-Examining Teacher Autonomy and Turnover in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, A. Chris

    2014-01-01

    Charter school teachers nationwide expressed greater autonomy compared to traditional public school teachers at the turn of the century. But is this trend changing? The recent proliferation of Charter Management Organizations (CMOs), which often have prescriptive organizational models, has raised questions around how teachers perceive autonomy and…

  1. Understanding Measures of School Success: A Study of a Wisconsin Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickles, Rachel L.

    2010-01-01

    Widespread dissatisfaction with traditional public schools has lead to the development of charter schools. Under the terms of a charter, schools are granted increased autonomy in areas such as financial management, organizational structure, and curriculum. This study investigated the factors that lead to the success of one individual charter…

  2. 75 FR 22559 - Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal AGENCY... the charter for the Air University Board of Visitors (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER... activities of Air University. The Board shall: a. Review and evaluate the progress of the...

  3. 75 FR 38758 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... (75 FR 13024). IPHC regulations affecting sport fishing for halibut and charter vessels in IPHC Areas... rule implementing the program on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS will issue a... FR 554, January 5, 2010), the angler endorsement assigned to a charter halibut permit for...

  4. 75 FR 56903 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... measures pursuant to 50 CFR 300.62. The most recent IPHC regulations were published March 18, 2010 (75 FR... January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS will issue a charter halibut permit to a licensed... limited access program (75 FR 554, January 5, 2010), the angler endorsement assigned to a charter...

  5. Charter of the United Nations and statute of the International Court of Justice

    CERN Document Server

    United Nations. New York. Department of Public Information

    1993-01-01

    The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

  6. Unlocking the Secrets of High-Performing Charters: Tight Management and "No Excuses"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyser, James A.

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools are approaching the ripe old age of 20. Although more work remains if one is to fully understand this complex education reform "movement," a growing body of data and research is being compiled about its strengths, weaknesses, and impact. An important subset of the charter school sector is just now receiving a similar level of…

  7. Considering Legal Identity as a Critical Variable of Interest in Charter Schools Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen; Lange, Cheryl

    2006-01-01

    Fifteen years ago charter schools were considered a radical addition to the public education landscape. Today they present a viable educational choice in 40 states and the District of Columbia. Much has been written about charter schools, their purpose, effectiveness, and future. However, to date, much of the dialogue has focused on ideology and…

  8. Special Education in Charter Schools: The View from State Education Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Cheryl M.; Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.

    2008-01-01

    Charter schools, although a stage for potential educational reform and innovation, remain subject to federal laws regarding the education of students with disabilities. As they intersect with federal law, the variance of state charter laws and policy surrounding the provision of special education creates a challenging context for helping charters…

  9. 12 CFR 715.6 - Audit of Federally-insured State-chartered credit unions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.6 Audit of Federally-insured... Committee audit responsibility, a federally-insured State-chartered credit union having total assets of $500... Committee audit responsibility, a federally-insured State-chartered credit union having total assets of...

  10. Charter Schools as Nation Builders: Democracy Prep and Civic Education. Policy Brief 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lautzenheiser, Daniel; Kelly, Andrew P.

    2013-01-01

    This policy brief is the first in a series of in-depth case studies exploring how top-performing charter schools have incorporated civic learning in their school curriculum and school culture. This paper introduces Democracy Prep, a network of seven public charter schools with a civic mission at its core. Democracy Prep's founder and…

  11. The Strategic Management of Charter Schools: Frameworks and Tools for Educational Entrepreneurs. Educational Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frumkin, Peter; Manno, Bruno V.; Edgington, Nell

    2011-01-01

    "The Strategic Management of Charter Schools" addresses the challenges facing such schools by mapping out, in straightforward and highly pragmatic terms, a management framework for them. The first charter school law in the United States was enacted in Minnesota in 1991. In the twenty years since that modest beginning, the movement has burgeoned…

  12. Innovative Education? A Test of Specialist Mimicry or Generalist Assimilation in Trends in Charter School Specialization over Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renzulli, Linda A.; Barr, Ashley B.; Paino, Maria

    2015-01-01

    By most media accounts, charter schools are innovative schools. But little empirical work interrogates this idea. We examine the growth and decline of specialist charter school mission statements as one indicator of innovation. In line with theories of resource partitioning, we find that specialist charter school missions--those asserting…

  13. Equity at Scale: How Public Charter School Networks Can Innovate and Improve Services for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, Paul T.; Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2015-01-01

    When public charter schools first opened in the early 1990s, each was unique and independent. But as successful public charter schools continued to grow and expand their impact beyond a single site, and as organizations developed school designs that could be implemented at multiple locations, networks of public charter schools emerged. The public…

  14. Multipartite entanglement verification resistant against dishonest parties

    CERN Document Server

    Pappa, Anna; Wehner, Stephanie; Diamanti, Eleni; Kerenidis, Iordanis

    2011-01-01

    Future quantum information networks will likely consist of quantum and classical agents, who have the ability to communicate in a variety of ways with trusted and untrusted parties and securely delegate computational tasks to untrusted large-scale quantum computing servers. Multipartite quantum entanglement is a fundamental resource for such a network and hence it is imperative to study the possibility of verifying a multipartite entanglement source in a way that is efficient and provides strong guarantees even in the presence of multiple dishonest parties. In this work, we show how an agent of a quantum network can perform a distributed verification of a multipartite entangled source with minimal resources, which is, nevertheless, resistant against any number of dishonest parties. Moreover, we provide a tight tradeoff between the level of security and the distance between the state produced by the source and the ideal maximally entangled state. Last, by adding the resource of a trusted common random source, ...

  15. Secure Two-Party Computational Geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun-Dong Li; Yi-Qi Dai

    2005-01-01

    Secure Multi-party Computation has been a research focus in international cryptographic community in recent years. In this paper the authors investigate how some computational geometric problems could be solved in a cooperative environment, where two parties need to solve a geometric problem based on their joint data, but neither wants to disclose its private data to the other party. These problems are the distance between two private points, the relation between a private point and a circle area, the relation between a private point and an ellipse area and the shortest distance between two point sets. The paper gives solutions to these specific geometric problems, and in doing so a building block is developed,the protocol for the distance between two private points, that is also useful in the solutions to other geometric problems and combinatorial problems.

  16. Nationalism, territory and extremism in party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More specifica......In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that...

  17. A Model of Party Discipline in a Congress

    OpenAIRE

    Zudenkova, Galina

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies party discipline in a congress within a political agency framework with retrospective voting. Party discipline serves as an incentive device to induce office-motivated congress members to perform in line with the party leadership's objective of controlling both the executive and the legislative branches of government. I show first that the same party is more likely to control both branches of government (i.e., unified government) the stronger the party discipline in the con...

  18. Party Control in China’s Listed Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Wei

    2013-01-01

    Along with state shareholding and government administration, the third source of political control of Chinese listed firms is the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Using a unique hand-collected dataset that includes party secretary information for listed firms between 2000 and 2004, we examine the existence and power of party secretaries in companies. The party secretary is the leader of the party committee and exercises the power of the CCP at firm level. Power is assessed by examining whether ...

  19. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    OpenAIRE

    Ortuño Ortín, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers public funding of political parties when some voters are poorly informed about parties? candidates and campaigns are informative. For symmetric equilibria, it is shown that more public funding leads parties to chose more moderate candidates, and that an increase in the funding's dependence on vote shares induces further moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene?ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate...

  20. PROBLEMS FOR THE ACCOUNTING OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

    OpenAIRE

    AURELIAN VIRGIL BALUTA

    2012-01-01

    The society needs good reports from the accounting of political parties. The public power, including the Government, depends on the kind of financing of political parties. The improvement of the control of resources used by the parties accounting is very important. The paper presents the tools for the accounting of political parties in knowledge society. The paper contains the author's opinion on current issues of political party accounting. Arguments are presented against some recent proposa...

  1. Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation Selección sin equidad: Segregación escolar en las escuelas charter Escolha sem equidade: Segregação escolar nas escolas charter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Frankenberg

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The political popularity of charter schools is unmistakable. This article explores the relationship between charter schools and segregation across the country, in 40 states, the District of Columbia, and several dozen metropolitan areas with large enrollments of charter school students in 2007-08. The descriptive analysis of the charter school enrollment is aimed at understanding the enrollment and characteristics of charter school students and the extent to which charter school students are segregated, including how charter school segregation compare to students in traditional public schools.  This article examines these questions at different levels, aggregating school-level enrollment to explore patterns among metropolitan areas, states, and the nation using three national datasets.  Our findings suggest that charters currently isolate students by race and class. This analysis of recent data finds that charter schools are more racially isolated than traditional public schools in

  2. Third-party financing in international arbitration

    OpenAIRE

    Maniruzzaman, Munir

    2012-01-01

    As its Council Member I attended the ICC Institute of World Business Law’s 32nd annual meeting on ‘Third-Party Funding in International Arbitration’ held in Paris on 26 November 2012. It was a grand success as it drew many professionals, arbitrators, experts, academic specialists and, above all, representatives from some major third-party funding bodies such as Burford Group Ltd., Calunius Capital LLP, Fulbrook Management LLC and others, and the discussion and debates generated a great deal o...

  3. Implementing Democratic Equality in Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolleyer, Nicole; von Nostitz, Felix-Christopher; Little, Conor

    2015-01-01

    This article theorises and empirically assesses some important intra-organisational implications of maximising democratic equality in political parties both between followers and members and between members and elites. They include weak member commitment, passivity of the rank-and-file membership...... implementing norms of equality allowed them to rapidly mobilise a considerable following, the same structures systematically reduced their capacity to consolidate support in the longer term – a weakness that might eventually put these parties' survival at risk. Second, they show that differences in the extent...

  4. Solving Complex Problems to Create Charter Extension Options

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tippmann, Esther; Nell, Phillip Christopher

    solution search, or activities to reconcile the need for some solution features to be locally-tailored while others can be internationally standardized, mediates the relationships between problem complexity/headquarters involvement and the capacity to create advanced solutions. An analysis of 67 projects......This study examines subsidiary-driven problem solving processes and their potential to create advanced solutions for charter extension options. Problem solving theory suggests that biases in problem formulation and solution search can confine problem solving potential. We thus argue that balanced...

  5. The Issue on Whether Constituted Off- hire When Time Chartered Ship Hijacked by Piracy%期租船舶被海盗劫持期间是否构成停租的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏同江; 高伟

    2012-01-01

    在期租合同没有明确规定的情况下,船舶被海盗劫持并不构成定期租船合同中的停租条件,承租人不可以在船舶被劫持期间停付他原本应当向出租人支付的租金。为了明确责任,避免纠纷,双方当事人应当在合同中加以明确,或者将BIMCO海盗条款并入在期租船合同中,或者修改标准合同条款内容。%The vessel seized by pirates does not constituted the off- hire in time charter without explicitly specified agreement in the contract and the charterer can not stop paying the hire to the shipowner during the pe- riod of vessel hijacked. In order to determine the responsibility and avoid disputes, it should be made clear in the contract by both parties. Therefore the BIMCO Piracy Clause should be incorporated in the time charter par- ty or revise the contents of" the standard forms to provide a solution to this often contentious issue.

  6. The Earth Charter Goes Interactive and Live with e-GLO: Using New Media to Train Youth Leaders in Sustainability on Both Sides of the Digital Divide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, Mike; Laitinen, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    For ten years now the Earth Charter has been inspiring global citizens to engage in conversations and actions that benefit everybody. This article describes e-GLO, the Earth Charter Global Learning Opportunity, the Earth Charter International's semester-long, online leadership course inspired by the Earth Charter. It is developed and implemented…

  7. Popular Education and the "Party Line"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boughton, Bob

    2013-01-01

    Popular education, by which is meant adult education within and in support of radical social movements, has become a major topic in academic adult education in recent times. This paper criticises the lack of attention paid in most of this writing to the history, theory and practice of revolutionary parties in the communist and socialist tradition.…

  8. Cornerstone Third Party Alternative Cost Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrieling, P. Douglas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The attached cost analyses sheets have been developed for use in planning during the Third Party Alternative study currently underway for the Sandia CREATE project. This cost analysis builds upon the previously submitted base estimate dated June 14, 2013 and includes comparison information collected during a Market Validation exercise conducted in August/September 2013.

  9. The Phonetic Rhetoric in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婷; 尹静

    2015-01-01

    Katherine Mansfield is a prominent modernist writer. The Garden Party is one of important short stories she wrote in 1921. The story is full of musicality. What’s more, the phonation, stress and intonation of words make the passage possess consis⁃tency with the growth of Laura’s inner heart, that is from excitement, hesitation to peaceful after realization.

  10. Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R.; Takimoto, Ayaka; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Increasing interest is being shown in how children develop an understanding of reciprocity in social exchanges and fairness in resource distribution, including social exchanges between third parties. Although there are descriptions of reciprocity on a one-to-one basis in other species, whether nonhumans detect reciprocity and violations of…

  11. The problem with party finance : theoretical perspectives on the funding of party politics

    OpenAIRE

    Hopkin, Jonathan

    2004-01-01

    This article presents some theoretical contours for the study of party finance and its consequences. Two broad issues are explored. First, the article develops an account of changes in patterns of party finance, and in particular the move away from the ‘mass party’ model of funding towards ‘elite party’ and ‘cartel party’ models. Party finance is conceptualized as a collective action problem, and four ‘post-mass party’ financial strategies are identified. Second, the article addresses normati...

  12. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortín, Ignacio Ortuño; Schultz, Christian

    The paper considers public funding of political parties when some voters are poorly informed about parties’ candidates and campaigns are informative. For symmetric equilibria, it is shown that more pub- lic funding leads parties to chose more moderate candidates, and that an increase in the funding......’s dependence on vote shares induces fur- ther moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene…ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate, while the smaller party reacts by choosing a more extremist candidate. On balance, however, if the parties...

  13. Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eiríkur Bergmann

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Though nationalism has always been strong in Iceland, populist political parties did not emerge as a viable force until after the financial crisis of 2008. On wave of the crisis a completely renewed leadership took over the country’s old agrarian party, the Progressive Party (PP, which was rapidly transformed in a more populist direction. Still the PP is perhaps more firmly nationalist than populist. However, when analyzing communicational changes of the new postcrisis leadership it is unavoidable to categorize the party amongst at least the softer version of European populist parties, perhaps closest to the Norwegian Progress Party.

  14. THE CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND TURKISH LABOUR MIGRATION

    OpenAIRE

    Gönül OĞUZ

    2015-01-01

    The right to freedom to move is guaranteed by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU). The Charter contains the fundamental principles derived from the Treaty of Rome (1957) as the basis of the Community Law. The achievement of this freedom between the member states is expected to enhance the degree of European citizens‟ satisfaction with the principles of liberty, equality and co-operation as universal values. Yet for all that, the Charter takes a „non-ideological approa...

  15. Measuring Service Individuality in Third Party

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Prockl, Günter

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - 3PL services are more or less individually designed bundles of logistics operations that are provided on the basis of a long term relationship between logistics service providers and their clients mostly in industry and retail. The appropriate degree of the individuality is however...... the more common elements is seen as a major success factor for the design of the service propositions. Design/methodology/approach - The explorative paper is combining major elements and frameworks from different interdisciplinary research streams, such as modularity and service design and adapts them...... to the subject of third party logistics. Findings - As a major result the paper is providing a conceptual model for the systematic and formal description of modularity and individuality in the configuration of third party logistics services. The model thus serves as a tool to classify and categorize...

  16. Leakage Resilient Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Hazay, Carmit; Patra, Arpita

    2012-01-01

    returns its result. Almost independently of secure computation, the area of {\\em leakage resilient cryptography} has recently been evolving intensively, studying the question of designing cryptographic primitives that remain secure even when some information about the secret key is leaked. In this paper....... \\item {\\em Leakage resilient oblivious transfer.} We present the first construction for 1-out-of-2 oblivious transfer with security against leakage of a constant fraction of the honest party's memory. Our protocol is based on the OT construction presented by Peikert et al.~\\cite{PeikertVW08}. \\item {\\em...... Leakage resilient Yao's Garbled Circuit~\\cite{Yao82}.} We provide the first general construction for secure two-party computation and show how to adapt the proof from~\\cite{LP09} of Yao's protocol into the leakage resilient setting. Our result holds for a restricted set of functions due to technicalities...

  17. Ombuds’ corner: the third party, the institution

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    “The Ombuds shall provide confidential assistance for the informal resolution of interpersonal issues, in the interests of the good functioning of CERN.”*   In any institution, conflicts are inevitable. They can, however, offer an opportunity for a positive resolution. Relationships in a workplace are generally better and stronger between people who have been able to reach a positive resolution of their disagreement, than they are between people who get along moderately well. However, in disputes involving two antagonistic parties, people often forget that there is actually a third party behind the scenes: the institution. It is sometimes surprising to see that even people holding management responsibilities or hierarchical positions in projects fight each other, and completely forget that they are accountable for the good functioning of CERN. Commitment and professionalism are part of the five priority values of CERN, as expressed in its Code of Conduct: “Promot...

  18. REFLECTIONS ON WAGAR ' S WORLD PARTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Bergesen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Our task is to reflect upon Wagar's idea of a world party. In case such reflections are affected by the recent historical situation of the collapse of communism/existing socialism in 1989 and the implications this has for visions of progressive politics going into the 21st century. This event colors most political thinking, although for many the response has been that existing socialism was not real socialism, or that existing socialism was but the Stalinist deformation that, if avoided in the future, the 1917 project could again be resumed and human history and social relations remade anew. I don't see it that way. What existing socialism stood for in terms of the role of a vanguard party taking state power for the larger good is, now after the fall, I think off the board as a realistic program that can be sold to anyone.

  19. An evaluation of New Zealand political party Websites.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Conway

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In a very short time, Websites have become vital campaign and communication tools for political parties around the world. This study examines the effectiveness of the Websites of New Zealand political parties, focusing on the functions that the parties were performing online and on how effectively they were delivering these functions. The research was designed to provide a quantitative evaluation of party Websites and to allow for longitudinal comparisons and comparisons between countries. Using a coding scheme that measured 50 different criteria numerically, providing for objective evaluation and comparison, the study found that New Zealand political parties were not using the Internet effectively, mainly because most were using their Websites for information provision, yet were not providing the tools required to make this information as accessible as possible. The research also found that the major parties were using their Websites more effectively than the minor and non-parliamentary parties, but the most effective Website belonged to the Green Party.

  20. The historiography of the Black Panther party

    OpenAIRE

    Street, Joe

    2010-01-01

    This article examines forty years of historical writing on the Black Panther Party (BPP), arguing that this historiography has now reached maturity. It evaluates key publications on the BPP, splitting the historiography into three periods. The first phase, the article asserts, was dominated by accounts written by participants and observers of the BPP in action. These offered insight into the personalities of the BPP leadership but included relatively little on other BPP members. They were sup...

  1. Social Networks and Political Parties in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adler Lomnitz, Larissa

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the origin and evolution of two Chilean political parties (the Radical Party and the Christian Democrat Party through the analysis of the social networks that originated and composed them. The aim of this study is to propose a model of national political cultures on the basis of the structure of social networks related to power and of the symbol system, which legitimizes it. The structure of social networks, horizontal and vertical, are based on reciprocal or redistributive forms of exchange, on what is being exchanged and on the articulation between networks. In every society there are symmetrical and asymmetrical exchanges, which produce horizontal and vertical networks. These networks interact among themselves to form the social fabric. The dominance of some over others and how they combine, delineate the character of the political culture (authoritarian vs. egalitarian. Chile is a multiparty country within which there are cohorts of horizontal groups of friends, who informally exercise a central control over their members and create invisible boundaries setting them apart from others, in which leadership is under constrains. The result is both a strong presidential system based on an almost fanatic legitimacy, combined with factionalism and a strong parliamentary system.

  2. Party system institutionalization and government formation in new democracies

    OpenAIRE

    Savage, Lee Michael

    2016-01-01

    Party systems provide the essential structure of the coalition bargaining environment. Stability in party systems ensures that there are regularities that can be observed in government formation, but most empirical research focuses on established democracies. In new democracies party systems are less institutionalized and interactions between parties are less predictable. This has significant implications for coalition formation. This paper presents the first study of coalition formation in n...

  3. The learning climate of chartered quantity surveying practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lowe

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on a fully structured interview survey investigating the relationship between the learning climate of chartered quantity surveying practices and individual learning styles, approaches to learning, ability, measures of length of service and the size of the quantity surveying organisation. The results indicate that the learning environment is generally supportive in terms of human support, but less supportive in terms of staff development systems; as individuals rise in the hierarchy of an organisation, their perception of its ability to provide an appropriate learning environment increases. Likewise, perceptions of human support and working practices within organisations increase significantly with length of time in the profession; larger organisations have more advanced staff development systems but provide less human support; and the learning environment both overall and in terms of working practices correlates positively with learning styles and approaches to learning.

  4. 5 CFR 185.118 - Rights of parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rights of parties. 185.118 Section 185.118 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.118 Rights of parties. Except as otherwise limited by this part, all parties...

  5. 5 CFR 185.114 - Parties to the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parties to the hearing. 185.114 Section 185.114 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.114 Parties to the hearing. (a) The parties to the hearing shall be...

  6. 45 CFR 99.22 - Rights of parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rights of parties. 99.22 Section 99.22 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE FOR HEARINGS FOR THE CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Hearing Procedures § 99.22 Rights of parties. All parties may:...

  7. 42 CFR 498.42 - Parties to the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties to the hearing. 498.42 Section 498.42 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... IN THE MEDICAID PROGRAM Hearings § 498.42 Parties to the hearing. The parties to the hearing are...

  8. General polygamy inequality of multi-party quantum entanglement

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jeong San

    2012-01-01

    Using entanglement of assistance, we establish a general polygamy inequality of multi-party entanglement in arbitrary dimensional quantum systems. For multi-party closed quantum systems, we relate our result with the monogamy of entanglement to show that the entropy of entanglement is an universal entanglement measure that bounds both monogamy and polygamy of multi-party quantum entanglement.

  9. 48 CFR 552.270-3 - Parties To Execute Lease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties To Execute Lease... Parties To Execute Lease. As prescribed in 570.602, insert the following provision: Parties To Execute Lease (SEP 1999) (a) If the lease is executed by an attorney, agent, or trustee on behalf of the...

  10. To Learn and To Belong: Case Studies of Emerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Nina K.; Fox, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    Describes ethnocentric schools and three Native Hawaiian charter schools, all of which have strong community support, high parental involvement, and access to funds available only for Native Hawaiian programs. Discusses implications for U.S. education in general. (SLD)

  11. 75 FR 29533 - National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY... to the ] Administrator of EPA on a broad range of environmental policy, technology and...

  12. Local Unitary Equivalent Consistence for n-Party States and Their (n-1)-Party Reduced Density Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhen; WANG He-Ping; WANG Zhi-Xi; FEI Shao-Ming

    2011-01-01

    We present that the local unitary equivalence of n-party pure states is consistent with that of their (n - 1)-party reduced density matrices. As an application, we obtain the local invariants for a class of tripartite pure qudits.%@@ We present that the local unitary equivalence of n-party pure states is consistent with that of their (n-l)-party reduced density matrices.As an application, we obtain the local invariants for a class of tripartite pure qudits.

  13. Charter School Entry in Market Equilibrium: The Case of Washington, DC

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Ferreyra; Brett Gordon; Dennis Epple

    2011-01-01

    We develop and estimate a structural model of charter school entry. In this model, charter schools offer an alternative to neighborhood public schools. In the model’s first stage, the potential entrant chooses his/her physical location and characteristics based on the perceived opportunities not exploited by conventional public schools. In the second stage, students choose among the available schools. We estimate the model using data for the DC school district. We use our parameter estimates ...

  14. Market Discipline and Bank Charter Value: The Case of Two Safe Banking Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Haq, Mamiza; Tarazi, Amine; Avkiran, Necmi; Fonceca, Ana Rosa

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the relationship between market discipline and bank charter value using a panel dataset of publicly-listed domestic banks in Australia and Canada over the 1995-2011 periods, with particular focus on the 2007/2008 global financial crisis (GFC). Overall, our results show a positive relationship between market discipline and bank charter value, although this has reduced in the post-GFC period. Furthermore, our findings reveal that in the presence of market discipline, bank ca...

  15. The glass ceiling: cracked but not broken? evidence from a study of chartered accountants

    OpenAIRE

    Monks, Kathy; Barker, Patricia

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of the second stage of research into the career progression of chartered accountants which is focusing in particular on the careers experienced by women. The paper includes a description of hours of work, remuneration and perceived success factors in accountancy, before considering the impact of domestic responsibilities on the work/home interface. Finally, the qualities considered important by chartered accountants in their profession are evalu...

  16. PROCEDURAL RELATIONS OF THE PROSECUTOR AND THE INVESTIGATOR ACCORDING TO CHARTER OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, 1864

    OpenAIRE

    Tushev A. A.; Kudin F. M.; Vasechkina A. V.

    2015-01-01

    This article "The Procedural relations of the Prosecutor and the investigator according to Charter of criminal proceedings 1864" is devoted to the investigation of some historical aspects of criminal and legal proceedings of the Prosecutor and the investigator according to Charter of criminal proceedings 1864. It discusses the Prosecutor’s and the investigator’s functions and competency in comparison with the current criminal procedure legislation, there is continuity of many of the provision...

  17. Indigenous Communities: A Way of Living that puts the Earth Charter into Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Ovares-Barquero; Isabel Torres-Salas

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to draw attention to the role that indigenous communities have historically fulfilled by practicing the values proposed in the Earth Charter upon its ancestral construction. The intention is to reflect on the fact that the principles stated in the Earth Charter have been intrinsically performed by these groups on a daily basis. That is, these groups become a role model because they respect life in all its diverse forms, promoting a democratic, participative, sustainable, and p...

  18. Empowering people to be healthier: public health nutrition through the Ottawa Charter

    OpenAIRE

    Flynn, Mary A. T.

    2015-01-01

    The WHO's Ottawa Charter highlights five priority areas for taking action in public health. Only one of them is at the individual level as action at more upstream intervention levels, such as community or policy levels, is critical for enabling individuals to succeed. The objective of the present paper is to give insight into the many complex processes involved in public health nutrition by describing the Ottawa Charter's five priority areas for taking action using public health nutrition ini...

  19. The Society for Radiological Protection: incorporated by Royal Charter. How it was achieved

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Society for Radiological Protection (the Society) began to consider the potential for incorporation by Royal Charter, an important goal for many professional bodies in the UK, in the mid-1980s. Impetus grew during the 1990s; contributing to this in 1998 was the Society's new status as direct UK IRPA associate. In 2002, to emphasise that the Society is active over all sectors of radiation protection, sectorial committees were established, dealing with professional interests in the component sectors. Application for a Charter begins with a Memorandum to Her Majesty the Queen's Privy Council Office (PCO) with details of the Society, its achievements and why grant of a Charter would be in the public interest. The Society prepared a Memorandum and submitted it to the PCO in 2003. In 2004, the application was declined for several reasons, which were then considered. Contacts in Government Departments were briefed on the Society's activities. The Society and the Institute of Radiation Protection (IRP) had been considering amalgamation, and in 2005 the annual general meetings of the Society and IRP agreed to proposals for a merger. A new Memorandum was submitted to the PCO in 2005, and early in 2006 it was accepted. It was then necessary to draft a Charter and a Petition to HM the Queen in Council. One of the opportunities incorporated in the Charter is the provision to award the title 'Chartered Radiation Protection Professional' with the post-nominal letters 'CRadP' to suitable members. Draft documents were presented to the Society's 2007 annual general meeting, and passed through Society's governance procedures. Public consultation by the PCO took place during summer 2007. On 10 October 2007 an order granting a Charter of Incorporation was approved at the Privy Council held by the Queen. The Charter was presented to the Society on 11 December 2007. (author)

  20. The Society for Radiological Protection - incorporated by Royal Charter. How it was achieved

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Society for Radiological Protection (the Society) began to consider the potential for incorporation by Royal Charter, an important goal for many professional bodies in the UK, in the mid-1980s. Impetus grew during the 1990s; contributing to this in 1998 was the Society's new status as direct UK IRPA associate. In 2002, to emphasise that the Society is active over all sectors of radiation protection, sectorial committees were established, dealing with professional interests in the component sectors. Application for a Charter begins with a Memorandum to Her Majesty the Queen's Privy Council Office (PCO) with details of the Society, its achievements and why grant of a Charter would be in the public interest. The Society prepared a Memorandum and submitted it to the PCO in 2003. In 2004, the application was declined for several reasons, which were then considered. Contacts in Government Departments were briefed on the Society's activities. The Society and the Institute of Radiation Protection (IRP) had been considering amalgamation, and in 2005 the annual general meetings of the Society and IRP agreed to proposals for a merger. A new Memorandum was submitted to the PCO in 2005, and early in 2006 it was accepted. It was then necessary to draft a Charter and a Petition to HM the Queen in Council. One of the opportunities incorporated in the Charter is the provision to award the title 'Chartered Radiation Protection Professional' with the post-nominal letters 'CRadP' to suitable members. Draft documents were presented to the Society's 2007 annual general meeting, and passed through Society's governance procedures. Public consultation by the PCO took place during summer 2007. On 10 October 2007 an order granting a Charter of Incorporation was approved at the Privy Council held by the Queen. The Charter was presented to the Society on 11 December 2007. (author)

  1. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Holmes Finch; Dan Lapsley; Mary Baker-Boudissa

    2009-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysis model was used to identify significant predictors of student mobility within and from a state charter school system, using factors at both the st...

  2. Party system and democratic change: approaches to the Dominican case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilfredo LOZANO

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of transformation of political parties as well as the party system have taken place after the disappearance of the three mayor political leaders and founders of the three most important modern political parties: Bosch (PLD, Peña Gómez (PRD and Balaguer (PRSC. The constituent process of party system and leadership styles have been studied. The relationship between party systems and the State have been discussed, emphasizing its neopatrimonialist ascending and clientelism performance. Finally, a few notes have been provided in order to address the development of a neopatrimonialist elite and clientelistic management of electoral politics.

  3. The lives of others: Third parties' responses to others' injustice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Jane; Aquino, Karl; Skarlicki, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    This research takes a moral perspective to studying third parties' reactions to injustice as a function of their moral identity. Drawing from theories of deontic justice, moral intuition, moral heuristics, and moral identity, we develop and test a model of the moral underpinnings of third parties' reactions to injustice. First, we compare third parties' responses with interpersonal, distributive, and procedural justice violations. We hypothesize that third parties are more likely to intuit that interpersonal justice violations are morally wrong, compared with distributive and procedural justice violations. As a result, third parties are more likely to experience stronger moral anger and punish violators in response to interpersonal transgressions compared with distributive and procedural justice transgressions. Second, we test the proposition that third parties with a strong moral identity will react more strongly to justice violations than third parties with a comparatively weak moral identity. Results from 3 studies support these predictions. PMID:26214088

  4. Third party liability for nuclear damage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic principles of nuclear liability legislation are discussed including absolute and limited liability and the role of the Sovereign State in idemnifying the operator for damage in excess of limited liability. European counrties realised the need for unifying the law of nuclear instability and efforts were made accordingly towards producing workable international conventions. The world's first legislation on nuclear liability - the USA Price-Anderson Act - is described in detail and a digest of nuclear liability claims experience is given. Observations of the present status of nuclear third party liability are outlined. (Author)

  5. Efficient Multi-Party Computation over Rings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cramer, Ronald; Fehr, Serge; Ishai, Yuval;

    2003-01-01

    Secure multi-party computation (MPC) is an active research area, and a wide range of literature can be found nowadays suggesting improvements and generalizations of existing protocols in various directions. However, all current techniques for secure MPC apply to functions that are represented by...... usefulness of the above results by presenting a novel application of MPC over (non-field) rings to the round-efficient secure computation of the maximum function. Basic Research in Computer Science (www.brics.dk), funded by the Danish National Research Foundation....

  6. Efficient Three Party Key Exchange Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    H. K. Pathak; Manju Sanghi

    2012-01-01

    Key exchange protocols allow two or more parties communicating over a public network to establish a common secret key called a session key. In 1976, Diffie and Hellman proposed the first practical key exchange (DH key exchange) protocol.  In 2005, Abdalla and  Pointcheval suggested  a new variation  of the computational   DH assumption  called chosen based computational Diffie Hellman (CCDH)  and presented  simple password based authenticated  key exchange protocols.  Since then several three...

  7. Efficient secure two-party protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Hazay, Carmit

    2010-01-01

    The authors present a comprehensive study of efficient protocols and techniques for secure two-party computation -- both general constructions that can be used to securely compute any functionality, and protocols for specific problems of interest. The book focuses on techniques for constructing efficient protocols and proving them secure. In addition, the authors study different definitional paradigms and compare the efficiency of protocols achieved under these different definitions.The book opens with a general introduction to secure computation and then presents definitions of security for a

  8. College Party Culture and Sexual Assault

    OpenAIRE

    Jason M. Lindo; Siminski, Peter; Swensen, Isaac D.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the degree to which events that intensify partying increase sexual assault. Estimates are based on panel data from campus and local law-enforcement agencies and an identification strategy that exploits plausibly random variation in the timing of Division 1 football games. The estimates indicate that these events increase daily reports of rape with 17-24 year old victims by 28 percent. The effects are driven largely by 17-24 year old offenders and by offenders unknown to t...

  9. The Feminist Consciousness in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Song-zhi

    2016-01-01

    Feminist movement reaches its climax in the first two decades of the 20th century. There are many female novelists in that time and Mansfield is one of them. Most of her novels are full of feminist consciousness, and The Garden Party is a special one. The characters in the story are different from other story. The author describes how the society and its spokesman Mrs. Sher-idan restrain the nature of Laura in detail. The author uses Laura to hint the current situation of women.

  10. LEGO for Two-Party Secure Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Orlandi, Claudio

    2009-01-01

    . Asymptotically it obtains a factor  improvement in computation and communication over previous cut-and-choose based solutions, where  is the size of the circuit being computed. The protocol is universally composable (UC) in the OT-hybrid model against a static, active adversary.......This paper continues the recent line of work of making Yao’s garbled circuit approach to two-party computation secure against an active adversary. We propose a new cut-and-choose based approach called LEGO (Large Efficient Garbled-circuit Optimization): It is specifically aimed at large circuits...

  11.   ADOPTION OF INTERNET BANKING FROM A CUSTOMERS' PERSPECTIVE IN GHANA(The study of Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi)

    OpenAIRE

    Konlaan, Leedip Boinkum; Boasiako, Justice Antwi

    2009-01-01

      COURSE: Master Thesis in Business Administration 15 ECTS Research problem To what extent do customers' at Standard Chartered Bank in Kumasi adopt internet banking? Purpose of the study The purpose of this study is to explore barriers and drivers to the adoption of internet banking among customers at the Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi. Research Question Are customers at Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi aware of the existence of internet services in their bank? What factors may motivate Standa...

  12. Founders and Financially Affiliated Directors on Charter School Boards and Their Impact on Financial Performance and Academic Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Charisse A. Gulosin; Elif Sisli-Ciamarra

    2012-01-01

    This study uses a hand-collected dataset for charter school boards in Massachusetts between 2001 and 2009 to examine the relationship between financial performance and the presence of founders and financially affiliated directors. School-level financial performance suggests that founder presence on a board has a negative effect on both financial and academic performance of a charter school. On the other hand, the presence of financially affiliated directors on the charter school governing boa...

  13. LES PARTIES DU CONTRAT DE CONCESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian OLARU

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The essential feature of the administrative contract, which is part of the concession contract, differentiates from the civil contract with at least one of the topics of administrative contract that is a physical person of public law. Thus, if the subject of civil contract can be any physical or juridical person that has full the capacity to exercise, then, in the case of the administrative contract, at least one subject must have the special “quality”, namely to be a public authority or a moral person of public law. If one of the contracting parties is a public figure and the other is a person of private law, the contract may be administrative. “This condition is necessary, but not sufficient”. By the definition given to concession in article 1 line 1 of the Law on concessions, the legislator determines not only the name of the contracting parties, which formed the juridical report (the conceded, the concessionaire but also the subject concession contract, which makes it different from other administrative contracts. Moreover, in the article 4 of the cited law, it is determined the scope of the public authorities, juridical persons of public law that may have the quality of conceded, while article 5 provides the scope of persons who may have the quality of concessionaire.

  14. Political Market Orientation and Strategic Party Postures in Danish Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.; Henneberg, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    /implications – The investigation represents an intra-group analysis, i.e. it is concerned only with two parties in one political system; however, this reflects the oligopolistic character of the vast majority of electoral markets and thus further research could compare results across political systems. A link with...

  15. Current status of national inventory. Preparation in annex I parties and Non-annex I parties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to provide a generic assessment of the current status of greenhouse gas inventories in Annex I and some Non-Annex I Parties. This may provide a better understanding of the existing institutional capacities to prepare greenhouse gas inventories under the UNFCCC, that is, the key capacities to monitor greenhouse gas emission levels and trends. For Annex I Parties, the assessment of the development of institutional capacities for the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories provides insights on the results of the capacity building process on the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories, which was considerably enhanced with the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol. The adoption of legally binding targets under the Kyoto Protocol and the Marrakech Accords increased considerably the importance and strictness of requirements regarding inventory reporting. The adoption of IPCC Good Practice Guidance for national GHG inventories (2000) introduced for the first time clear prioritisation and guidance on choice of methods as well as detailed requirements for quality assurance and quality control procedures for inventory estimation. The Protocol requirement to establish a national inventory system also initiated a process that requires continuous improvement of inventory data and methods in Annex I Parties. This paper aims to identify the improvements and progress in estimating and reporting inventory data that were made recently as well as the problems and weaknesses that would need to be addressed in the future. For Annex I Parties, it also identifies the gap or distance to the full compliance with the reporting requirements under the Protocol and to a well functioning national inventory system. While the paper contains country-specific information for many Annex I and Non-Annex I Parties, its purpose, however, is not to review individual countries' inventories. Such individual reviews are conducted through the UNFCCC process, at least for Annex I Parties

  16. Government chartered banks step up oil and gas lending

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    International government chartered banks are playing an increasingly prominent role in lending for world oil and gas development projects. The main players are the World Bank's International Finance Corp. (IFC), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), US Export-Import Bank, and Overseas Private Investment Corp. (OPIC). Those institutions and similar ones are the catalysts for a large number of projects in the former Soviet Union (FSU) and in other nations that are seeking to develop oil and gas resources and build processing plants, pipelines, and distribution networks. Banks also are taking a greater degree of interest in the environmental aspects of projects. In country after country, especially in the developing world, barriers to foreign investment in domestic petroleum sectors are falling. Oil and gas law reforms are under way on each continent. The paper discusses the major players, the World Bank grouped, the Romanian example, the Ex-Im Bank, OPIC, the emphasis on FSU, environmental issues, and new sources of capital in developing countries

  17. Can you party your way to better health? A propensity score analysis of block parties and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Lorraine T; Hillier, Amy; Chau-Glendinning, Hang; Subramanian, S V; Williams, David R; Kawachi, Ichiro

    2015-08-01

    While other indicators of social capital have been linked to health, the role of block parties on health in Black neighborhoods and on Black residents is understudied. Block parties exhibit several features of bonding social capital and are present in nearly 90% of Philadelphia's predominantly Black neighborhoods. This analysis investigated: (1) whether or not block parties are an indicator of bonding social capital in Black neighborhoods; (2) the degree to which block parties might be related to self-rated health in the ways that other bonding social indicators are related to health; and (3) whether or not block parties are associated with average self-rated health for Black residents particularly. Using census tract-level indicators of bonding social capital and records of block parties from 2003 to 2008 for 381 Philadelphia neighborhoods (defined by census tracts), an ecological-level propensity score was generated to assess the propensity for a block party, adjusting for population demographics, neighborhood characteristics, neighborhood resources and violent crime. Results indicate that in multivariable regression, block parties were associated with increased bonding social capital in Black neighborhoods; however, the calculation of the average effect of the treatment on the treated (ATT) within each propensity score strata showed no effect of block parties on average self-rated health for Black residents. Block parties may be an indicator of bonding social capital in Philadelphia's predominantly Black neighborhoods, but this analysis did not show a direct association between block parties and self-rated health for Black residents. Further research should consider what other health outcomes or behaviors block parties may be related to and how interventionists can leverage block parties for health promotion. PMID:26117555

  18. Network of social groups or Let's have a party

    CERN Document Server

    Brandau, M; Brandau, Marian; Trimper, Steffen

    2005-01-01

    We present a simple model for growing up and depletion of parties due to the permanent communication between the participants of the events. Because of the rapid exchange of information, everybody is able to evaluate its own and and all other parties by means of the list of its friends. Therefore the number of participants at different parties can be changed incessantly. Depending on the deepness of the social contacts, which will be characterized by a parameter $\\alpha $, a stable distribution of party members emerges. At a critical $\\alpha_c$ an abrupt depletion of almost all parties is observed and as the consequence all the peoples are assembled at a single party. The model is based on a hierarchical social network. The probability that a certain person is contacted to another one depends on the social distance introduced within the network and homophily parameter $\\alpha $.

  19. How asymmetric funding of parties can lead to political polarization

    OpenAIRE

    Köppl Turyna, Monika

    2015-01-01

    This work analyzes the impact of asymmetric financial constraints on the platforms of parties using a formal model of elections. Main results show that when a party faces a tight financial constraint the platform chosen in equilibrium is further away from its ideal point compared to the case when the campaign expenses are not limited. Moreover, we have shown that the platform of the party which is facing a tighter financial constraint is further away from its ideal point than of the opponent....

  20. Reformulating the Party Coalitions: The "Christian Democratic" Republicans

    OpenAIRE

    Petrocik, John R.

    1998-01-01

    The party coalitions that emerged from the New Deal realignment were defined by race, nationality and ethnicity, religion, region, and social class. In the last decade, the "religious impulse" has become an increas-ingly important aspect of the party coalitions as Republican and Demo-cratic identifiers have become increasingly distinct in terms of their re-ligiosity and religious practice. The paper traces the increasing impor-tance of religiosity and social class as correlates of party ident...

  1. Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?

    OpenAIRE

    Eiríkur Bergmann Einarsson

    2015-01-01

    Though nationalism has always been strong in Iceland, populist political parties did not emerge as a viable force until after the financial crisis of 2008. On wave of the crisis a completely renewed leadership took over the country’s old agrarian party, the Progressive Party (PP), which was rapidly transformed in a more populist direction. Still the PP is perhaps more firmly nationalist than populist. However, when analyzing communicational changes of the new postcrisis leadership it is unavo...

  2. Progress, unity and democracy: dissolving political parties in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Koğacıoğlu, Dicle; Kogacioglu, Dicle

    2004-01-01

    In this article, I analyze two cases where the Turkish Constitutional Court dissolved political parties during the 1990s. Specifically, I examine the cases against the Islamist Refah (Welfare/Well-Being) Party and the pro-Kurdish Halkin Emek Partisi (People's Labor Party). While the former was charged with threatening the secular basis of the national social order, the charges against the latter were around its allegedly separatist character. I engage in an in-depth analysis of the lines of a...

  3. Anti-Corruption Parties and Good Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bågenholm, Andreas; Charron, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    , institutions and other constraints and how this affects corruption and other forms of bad government. It problematizes the incentives for elites and masses to fight grand and petty corruption, respectively, and demonstrates the importance of elite constraints for good societies, where infant mortality is low...... and life expectancy and satisfaction are high. It also explores the behavior of a largely unconstrained elite group, namely the diplomatic corps, and shows how corruption not only takes the form of money transfers but also of sexual exploitation.It reveals how even rather distant historical...... introduced through interactions between recruitment regimes to the bureaucracy, or economic motivations and democratic accountability. Finally, it explores how political parties can be a positive force in the fight against corruption and bad government...

  4. The Energy Charter Treaty and Related Documents. A Legal Framework for International Energy Cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Energy Charter Treaty is a unique instrument for the promotion of international cooperation in the energy sector. Following its entry into force on 16 April 1998, the Treaty, together with the related documents contained in this booklet, provides an important legal basis for the creation of an open international energy market. The Charter process includes the countries of the enlarged European Union, Central and Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, Central Asia and the Caucasus, as well as Japan, Australia and Mongolia. The Treaty remains open for accession by all countries committed to observance of its principles. It is very positive in this regard that states such as China, Iran, South Korea and the countries of ASEAN are taking a close interest in the Charter process, thus opening up the prospect of a further extension of its geographical scope. The primary challenge facing the constituent members of the Energy Charter process in the coming years will be that of ensuring full implementation of the Treaty's commitments. This will entail increased focus on multilateral cooperation over transit, trade, investments, environmental protection and energy efficiency. By continuing to build on its existing work in these areas, the Charter process stands ready to play a key role in translating the aim of a truly open non-discriminatory energy market into reality. This publication reproduces the text of the following documents: Final Act of the European Energy Charter Conference with all Annexes thereto, as opened for signature in Lisbon on 17 December 1994 and corrected by the Protocol of Correction of 2 August 1996; the Chairman's Statement at Adoption Session on 17 December 1994, as reported in the Note from the Secretariat 42/94 CONF 115; the Joint Memorandum of the Delegations of the Russian Federation and the European Communities on Nuclear Trade, as reported in the Note from the Secretariat 42/94 CONF 115; the Concluding Document of the Hague Conference on

  5. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holmes Finch

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysis model was used to identify significant predictors of student mobility within and from a state charter school system, using factors at both the student and school levels. Results indicated that initial student achievement upon first entering a charter school, student ethnicity, participation in a Title I funded program, and average years of teacher experience at the school were all associated with the decision to leave the charter. Specifically, students with higher initial achievement scores, those eligible for Title 1 services, and non-Caucasian students were more likely to leave charter schools prematurely. In addition, schools with a more experienced faculty had lower early departure rates than did those with less experienced teachers.

  6. Strategic behavior in the tri-party repo market

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The repo market in the United States played a significant role during the 2007–2009 global financial crisis. A large portion of the transactions in this market take the form of a tri-party repo, where a third party (a clearing bank) intermediates between the borrower and the lender. The sudden withdrawal of tri-party repo funding was a critical factor leading to the demise of Bear Stearns. It is now widely believed that the tri-party repo infrastructure has some serious vulnerabilities. Using...

  7. SITE COMPREHENSIVE LISTING (CERCLIS) (Superfund) - Responsible Parties at CERCLIS Sites

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Responsible Parties at CERCLIS Sites - The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System (CERCLIS) (Superfund) Public Access...

  8. Medical politics, health policy. Party health platforms, promise and performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, G A

    1976-01-01

    Health policy in the United States is a product of medical politics. "Medical politics" includes not only traditional patterns of interest group pressures but traditional political party philosophies and patient expectations as well. Characteristic Republican politics reflects narrower governmental spending and greater emphasis on support of entrepreneurial effort. Desired effects will "trickle down" to the needy. Democratic politics tend to follow a more generous spending line, not neglecting the entrepreneurs, but spreading some of the funds around to the needy themselves. In addition, Republicans tend to distrust salaried officials, placing governmental power (through government funds) into the hands of private agencies or companies. Democrats hesitate less to build bureaucratic structures. On the record, both parties follow roughly similar lines in spite of these philosophic differences, which turn out to be differences in style. Both parties have practiced restraint in financing of medical services, only recently undertaking payment for these, and only recently undertaking to pay for medical education. Research has been a favored federal focus. Rapid and seemingly uncontrollable inflation has forced both parties to take a harder line. Political platforms are not necessarily clear signals of eventual party action. Nevertheless, they underline what the parties consider to be the problems as the voters see them and they express what the parties see as the appropriate response to these problems. This paper suggests what the party platforms will look like for the presidential election this year and also what the parties will probably do thereafter. PMID:820654

  9. Server-Aided Two-Party Computation with Simultaneous Corruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cascudo Pueyo, Ignacio; Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Ranellucci, Samuel

    We consider secure two-party computation in the client-server model where there are two adversaries that operate separately but simultaneously, each of them corrupting one of the parties and a restricted subset of servers that they interact with. We model security via the local universal composab......We consider secure two-party computation in the client-server model where there are two adversaries that operate separately but simultaneously, each of them corrupting one of the parties and a restricted subset of servers that they interact with. We model security via the local universal...

  10. Explaining Political Party Performance in European Communication: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Party Political Cueing in domestic EU Treaty Ratification.

    OpenAIRE

    Packham, Kathrin

    2009-01-01

    Political parties messages or cues constitute important factors shaping public attitudes not only on domestic matters but also on issues of European integration and constitutionalisation. The question explored in the book is, how national political parties communication matters for European integration. The study aims at providing explanations for the politicisation of European contentious politics here EU treaty ratification by analysing patterns of variation in political parties public comm...

  11. Consequences of Team Charter Quality: Teamwork Mental Model Similarity and Team Viability in Engineering Design Student Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway Hughston, Veronica

    2014-01-01

    Since 1996 ABET has mandated that undergraduate engineering degree granting institutions focus on learning outcomes such as professional skills (i.e. solving unstructured problems and working in teams). As a result, engineering curricula were restructured to include team based learning--including team charters. Team charters were diffused into…

  12. Circles of Influence: Rational Decision-Making, Strategic Positioning, and the Formation of Charter School Clusters in New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Entremont, Chad

    2012-01-01

    A major focus of charter school research has been the potential impact of increased school choice on student sorting by race/ethnicity and socio-economic status. Researchers have argued that charter schools may increase segregation by allowing families to separate into more homogeneous school communities. Yet surprisingly, little attention has…

  13. Study of the Relationship between Self-Reported Leadership Styles of Charter School Principals and Their Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizor, John O.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study, using the three-way repeated measures ANOVA, was to identify certain leadership styles used by effective and ineffective charter high school principals that impact the students' academic achievement. Principal ratings and school demographic characteristics were gathered from 19 charter schools. The…

  14. 76 FR 16469 - Application of Air Charter, Inc. D/B/A Air Flamenco for Commuter Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Application of Air Charter, Inc. D/B/A Air Flamenco for Commuter Authority AGENCY... it should not issue an order finding Air Charter, Inc. d/b/a Air Flamenco fit, willing, and able,...

  15. Empowerment, Leadership, and Teachers' Intentions to Stay in or Leave the Profession or Their Schools in North Carolina Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndoye, Abdou; Imig, Scott R.; Parker, Michele A.

    2010-01-01

    Teacher attrition and migration plague many American schools. The situation is even more dire in charter schools across the country. On average, teacher attrition is 15 to 40% higher in charter schools than in traditional schools. This study examined the relationships among teacher empowerment, school leadership, and intentions to stay in or leave…

  16. The Authorizer and Charter School Closures: Exercising Adaptive Leadership to Protect the Public Interest. Authorizer Issue Brief. Number 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geyer, Veronica

    2005-01-01

    Part and parcel of a charter school authorizer's oversight responsibility is the unenviable task of closing a school that fails to pass muster. As with most challenges that authorizers face, closing a charter school can be a complex task; executing a closure decision can entail a web of issues that the prudent authorizer must unravel carefully.…

  17. The Muzzled Dog That Didn't Bark: Charters and the Behavioral Response of D.C. Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Margaret D.; Campbell, Dean B.; Kisida, Brian

    2008-01-01

    As of the 2006-2007 school year, 19,733 students attended charter schools in the District of Columbia, representing over a quarter of the District's total public school student population and one of the largest charter school markets in the country. It is under such circumstances, some suggest, that choice will spur competition, ultimately…

  18. Laboratories of Reform? Human Resource Management Strategies in Illinois Charter Schools. Policy Research: IERC 2016-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Bradford R.

    2016-01-01

    Charter schools are publicly-funded educational entities that operate independently from local school districts and are exempt from certain state and local requirements, particularly with regard to teacher personnel policy. In exchange for this flexibility, charter schools are held more accountable for results and may be shut down if they fail to…

  19. Charter Schools as a Vehicle for Education Reform: Implementation and Outcomes at Three Inner-City Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Aaron J.; Ross, Steven M.; Bol, Linda; McSparrin-Gallagher, Brenda

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the impact of 3 2nd-year charter schools (1 elementary, 1 middle, and 1 high school) on student achievement, school climate, and pedagogy. All schools served predominantly African American students in an inner-city district. Using a matched treatment-control student analytical design, charter school enrollees were individually…

  20. Political parties and Facebook: A study of Icelandic political parties and their social media usage

    OpenAIRE

    Baldvin Þór Bergsson

    2014-01-01

    The importance of social media in the national discourse is increasing but little is known about their true effects on political communication and participation. The paper examines how the Icelandic political parties used social media during the campaign for the 2013 general elections and possible influence of the electorate. Data from the Icelandic National Election Study was used to examine a possible link between political interest and participation. International studies are used as a ref...

  1. Implementing Project-Based Learning to Create "Authentic" Sources: The Egyptological Excavation and Imperial Scrapbook Projects at the Cape Cod Lighthouse Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garran, Daniella K.

    2008-01-01

    Chartered in 1994 and opened in 1996, the Cape Cod Lighthouse Charter School (CCLCS) was among the first charter schools in Massachusetts. CCLCS strives to foster "intellectual development, academic achievement, project based learning, interdisciplinary studies, community partnerships, environmental studies, global awareness, and an ethical…

  2. Party-state relationship, an effect of the political competition. The party system and patronage in Romanian politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Lonean

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the party-state relationship in post-communist Romania. It shows the connections between the existence of patronage, corruption and the states’ weak administrative capacity, on one hand, and the dynamics of the political party system, as an explanatory variable, on the other hand. The instability of the political parties in Romania and their changing relations within the system make the electorates’ task of anticipating and sanctioning their politics impossible. Consequently, the political parties have the possibility of extracting resources from the state without being held accountable in elections, as an effect of their dynamic, but non-robust competition.

  3. 依法治国视域下高职院校章程建设的实施路径探究%The Exploration on the Implementation Ways for the Charter Construction of Higher Vocational Colleges in the Perspective of the Rule of Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐维东

    2015-01-01

    《章程》 建设是高职院校建立现代大学制度、 推进依法治校的核心. 分析了高职院校章程建设的必要性, 从健全完善党委领导下的校长负责制、 构建系统完善的配套制度体系、 加强执行监督机制建设、 建立修改完善地常态机制等方面, 对章程建设的实施路径做了探究.%The "charter" is the core to promote the rule of law, establishing the modern university system in Higher Vocational Colleges. The article analyzes the necessity of the charter construction, and explores the implementation ways of the charter construction from the aspects of perfecting the president duties un-der the Party Committee's leadership, constituting the college system, strengthening the implementation su-pervision system, and establishing and improving the normal mechanism, etc.

  4. Three-party quantum teleportation with asymmetric states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we consider the three-party quantum teleportation using non-symmetric states. Considering all possible teleportation scenarios in the three-party quantum teleportation, we show that the asymmetric teleportation would carry more information than symmetrical ones. We also discuss the relation between teleportation protocols and quantum states classficition

  5. The Communist Party of China and Human Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE XIAOWEN

    2011-01-01

    The Communist Party of China (CPC) has persistently fought for human rights since its founding in 1921.This is epitomized by the Party's success in promoting democracy,getting the Chinese nation to rally around it,uniting with religious believers and protecting human rights.

  6. New Swiss legislation on nuclear third party liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following a description of the Paris Convention and Brussels Supplementary Convention system for nuclear third party liability and that prevailing until now in Switzerland, the paper reviews the new Swiss nuclear third party liability Bill prepared after a popular consultation. The new provisions are analysed and in particular, that providing for unlimited liability. (NEA)

  7. 16 CFR 240.13 - Customer's and third party liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Customer's and third party liability. 240.13... ADVERTISING ALLOWANCES AND OTHER MERCHANDISING PAYMENTS AND SERVICES § 240.13 Customer's and third party liability. (a) Customer's liability: Sections 2 (d) and (e) apply to sellers and not to customers....

  8. Communist Party of China and Human Rights Protection for Criminals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN JIA; PEI JUNJIE

    2011-01-01

    Protection of criminals' human rights is an important issue that has received full attention at home and abroad.The Communlst Party of China (CPC) has always attached much importance to the protection of criminals' human rights.Since the founding of New China,the Party and the state have paid full attention to protecting the human rights of criminals.

  9. Complete Fairness in Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gordon, S. Dov; Hazay, Carmit; Katz, Jonathan;

    2011-01-01

    In the setting of secure two-party computation, two mutually distrusting parties wish to compute some function of their inputs while preserving, to the extent possible, various security properties such as privacy, correctness, and more. One desirable property is fairness which guarantees, informa......In the setting of secure two-party computation, two mutually distrusting parties wish to compute some function of their inputs while preserving, to the extent possible, various security properties such as privacy, correctness, and more. One desirable property is fairness which guarantees......, informally, that if one party receives its output, then the other party does too. Cleve [1986] showed that complete fairness cannot be achieved in general without an honest majority. Since then, the accepted folklore has been that nothing non-trivial can be computed with complete fairness in the two......-party setting. We demonstrate that this folklore belief is false by showing completely fair protocols for various nontrivial functions in the two-party setting based on standard cryptographic assumptions. We first show feasibility of obtaining complete fairness when computing any function over polynomial...

  10. Third parties' reactions to the abusive supervision of coworkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Marie S; Vogel, Ryan M; Folger, Robert

    2015-07-01

    This research examines 3rd parties' reactions to the abusive supervision of a coworker. Reactions were theorized to depend on 3rd parties' beliefs about the targeted coworker and, specifically, whether the target of abuse was considered deserving of mistreatment. We predicted that 3rd parties would experience anger when targets of abuse were considered undeserving of mistreatment; angered 3rd parties would then be motivated to harm the abusive supervisor and support the targeted coworker. Conversely, we predicted that 3rd parties would experience contentment when targets of abuse were considered deserving of mistreatment; contented 3rd parties would then be motivated to exclude the targeted coworker. Additionally, we predicted that 3rd parties' moral identity would moderate the effects of 3rd parties' experienced emotions on their behavioral reactions, such that a strong moral identity would strengthen ethical behavior (i.e., coworker support) and weaken harmful behavior (i.e., supervisor-directed deviance, coworker exclusion). Moderated mediation results supported the predictions. Implications for theory and practice are discussed. PMID:25243999

  11. STEM and the Evolution of the Astronomical Star Party

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, B. H.; Munive, P.; Franco, J.; Jones, A. P.; Shaner, A. J.; Buxner, S.; Bleacher, L.

    2015-12-01

    The astronomical star party has long been a powerful and effective way to engage the public and enhance cohesiveness within the amateur astronomy community. Early star parties tended to be strictly small, local events. But with improvements in transportation, larger regional star parties became popular. These advanced the considerable capabilities for citizen science in the amateur community, shared technology and engineering innovations in the field of telescope making, and refined numerous mathematical techniques in areas such instrument design and ephemeris generation, covering the full breadth of STEM. Advancements in astrophotography showcased at these events brought the star party from STEM to STEAM. Now, the advent of social media, web streaming, and virtual presence has facilitated the phenomenon of very large, networked star parties with international scope. These mega star parties take public engagement to a new, far greater levels, giving a vastly larger and more diverse public the opportunity to directly participate in exciting first-hand STEM activities. This presentation will recount the evolution of the star party and will focus on two examples of large, multinational, networked star parties, International Observe the Moon Night and Noche de las Estrellas. We will look at lessons learned and ways to participate.

  12. Asynchronous Multi-Party Computation with Quadratic Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirt, Martin; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Przydatek, Bartosz

    2008-01-01

    We present an efficient protocol for secure multi-party computation in the asynchronous model with optimal resilience. For n parties, up to t < n/3 of them being corrupted, and security parameter κ, a circuit with c gates can be securely computed with communication complexity O(cn^2k) bits, which...

  13. The international charter for space and major disasters--project manager training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    Regional Project Managers for the Charter are developed through training courses, which typically last between 3 and 5 days and are held in a central location for participants. These courses have resulted in increased activations and broader use of Charter data and information by local emergency management authorities. Project Managers are nominated according to either their regional affiliation or their specific areas of expertise. A normal activation takes 2 to 3 weeks to complete, with all related expenses the responsibility of the PM's home agency.

  14. From Wellhead to Market. Oil Pipeline Tariffs and Tariff Methodologies in Selected Energy Charter Member Countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freedom of energy transit is an important element of the Energy Charter process. The Energy Charter Treaty obliges its member countries to facilitate energy transit on a nondiscriminatory basis, and to refrain from imposing unreasonable delays, restrictions or charges on energy in transit. A main focus for the Energy Charter process has been the conditions for transit of natural gas. Tariffs, along with access to energy transit infrastructure, are the basis of free transit. To examine gas transit flows and tariff methodologies, the Energy Charter Secretariat published a study on gas transit tariffs in selected Energy Charter member countries in January 2006. This report follows on from the gas tariff study and examines oil transit flows and oil transit tariffs. The Energy Charter constituency in the land-locked part of the Eurasian continent has the world's largest oil pipeline system, which was originally built during the Soviet era. After collapse of the Soviet Union the pipeline system was divided into separate parts by emergence of new borders, and oil transported by the pipeline now has to cross multiple borders before it reaches its destination. The main objectives of this study are; to review transit tariff methodologies for existing and new oil transit pipeline systems across selected member countries of the Energy Charter; to compare transit tariff regimes with those for domestic transport; and to assess the overall consistency of these transit tariffs vis-a-vis the provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty and draft Transit Protocol. Geographically, this study covers the following key oil transit countries; in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia: the Russian Federation, Belarus, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Georgia; and in Western Europe: France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy, Norway and the UK. Chapter 3 gives a brief review on main domestic and cross-border oil flows in the countries examined. Chapter 4 describes essential technical

  15. A Co-integration Approach to Forecasting Container Carriers' Time Charter Rates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fei-er; ZHANG Ren-yi

    2008-01-01

    A vector autoregressive model was developed for a sample of container carrier time charter rates.Although the series of time charter rates are themselves found non-stationary, thus precluding the use of manymodeling methodologies, evidence provided by co-integration tests points to the existence of stable long-termrelationships between the series. An assessment of the forecasts derived from the model suggests that the spec-ification of these long-term relationships does not improve the accuracy of long-term forecasts. These resultsare interpreted as a corroboration of the efficient market hypothesis.

  16. U.S. Geological Survey disaster response and the International Charter for space and major disasters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stryker, Timothy S.; Jones, Brenda K.

    2010-01-01

    In 1999, an international consortium of space agencies conceived and approved a mechanism to provide satellite information in support of worldwide disaster relief. This group came to be known as the 'International Charter?Space and Major Disasters' and has become an important resource for the use of satellite data to evaluate and provide support for response to natural and man-made disasters. From the Charter's formative days in 1999, its membership has grown to 10 space organizations managing more than 20 earth-observing satellites.

  17. The armed hand of State-party: The National Guard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Grecu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The single party was the militarized political institution of the new authoritarian regime lead by King Carol II by using the armed hand of single organization in the state, The National Guard. The militarization of policy represented the main dimension of the regime and the state architecture revealed the single party capacity to militarize the administrative institutions. The architecture of National Renaissance Front was similar to a military unit, the official attributions of the National Guard consisted in the maintenance of order in the territory, and unofficially regarded the monitoring of members and opposites of the party and regime, by control and surveillance activity. The National Guard was politicized institution of the regime and of the single party which proved its inefficiency because of the subordination of the commandant general to the single party. Militaries lead the single organization as well as the National Guard.

  18. Monday (after work) is party time!

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    In this interview with Hermann Schmickler, CERN accelerator expert and, more recently, manager of the Open Day organising team, the Bulletin looks behind the scenes of the organisation of CERN’s most popular events for the public.  After the huge endeavour, the “Bosons&More” party awaits you too!   The Open Days core team. “In the early days of the preparations when we still had some spare time, we decided to take photos in two different dress codes to illustrate the spirit of “Bosons&More”: formal evening dress and festival type clothes,” says Herman Schmickler. What will your dress code be on Monday evening?   When Hermann is asked “what did you like best” about this whole adventure, he has no hesitation: “The team,” he says. “We have a wonderful team of very motivated people.” Let’s make a rough calculation: the core team compris...

  19. Improvement of nuclear third party liability system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A special regime for nuclear third party liability is necessary since the ordinary common law is not well suited to deal with the particular problems in the field of nuclear industry. The basic principles of this regime is i) strict liability (other than traditional fault liability), ii) channelling and the exclusive liability of operator, iii) compulsory financial security, iv) limits on liability in amount and in time v) intervention by the state, etc. In Korea, a revision was made to the Nuclear Damage Compensation Act on 16th January, 2001. The revision aimed at the reflection of the spirit of the new Vienna Convention on Nuclear Liability (1997) such as i) limit of liability to an amount of 300mil SDR, ii) increase of the level of financial protection (in the presidential decree, the 'Phasing-In' system would be introduced), iii) Extension of the definition 'nuclear damage', iv) extension of the scope of application to EEZ, v) deletion of 'natural calamity' from the causes of immunity, vi) extension of prescription period for personal injury to a length of 30 year

  20. CERN clubs join the fiftieth anniversary party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    CERN's clubs are planning to celebrate the Organization's 50th anniversary by organising a variety of special events. It's raining projects! CERN's clubs have chosen to celebrate the Organization's Golden Jubilee, each in its own style, by organising a whole host of anniversary events. While the Cine-Club continues to screen films made in the Member States on Thursday evenings, other clubs are organising special races and tournaments to honour CERN's 50th year. The CERN Rugby Club led the way in early April when it hosted a children's tournament which brought the Laboratory firmly into the view of its many young participants. On 24 April, the Cycling Club moves to centre stage as it takes its members on a unique 50-km discovery trip around the countryside above the tunnel of the future LHC. The Croquet Club, the Running Club, the Horse Riding Club and the Golf Club will all be joining the party in May and June. After that, football, softball, cycling, pétanque and sailing are just some of the items on a sp...

  1. Education Policies of Turkish Political Parties and Their Possible Effects on Economic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nartgun, Senay S.; Eren, Altay

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the educational policies of Turkish political parties and their possible effects on economic development. Document analysis method was used to investigate the principles of education policies under various party programs--namely, the Great Union Party, the Independent Turkey Party, the Justice and Development Party, the…

  2. Right Product, Wrong Packaging: Not 'Constitution', but 'Constitutional Charter'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Law

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to locate the principal cause of Europe’s prevailing ratification crisis in the inappropriate title arrived at in the European Convention, Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe. This over-ambitious styling led the media to characterise the text as simply an ‘EU Constitution’. Yet, the text was not a Constitution as we traditionally understand the term, i.e. the founding document of a State: scholars are agreed that the EU is not, and will not become upon ratification, a State.In terms of substance, whilst the text certainly strengthened some emerging constitutional aspects, it was not a major departure from the status quo like the Single European Act and Treaty on European Union had been; and it remained technically a treaty like all its predecessors. Arguably, therefore, it did not require referenda to ratify. However, confusion over the scale and importance of what was proposed, stemming from ambiguity in the title, pushed politicians down this unfortunate path.The article identifies a high level of consensus among commentators as to the true nature of the text: most are happy designating it a treaty (noun with constitutional (adjective aspects. The early proposed title Constitutional Treaty for Europe was arguably, therefore, the correct one; but it is now too late to choose this option, as the terms Constitution and Constitutional Treaty have already been muddled in debate. A more distinctive change is required. One idea could be to follow the principle employed elsewhere in the text of codifying the generally accepted but presently unwritten legal concepts of the European Court of Justice, as was done for example for ‘primacy’ and ‘direct effect’. The Court has characterised the EU treaties as a ‘constitutional charter’ for over twenty years now, and on this basis a modified title could read Treaty Establishing a Constitutional Charter for Europe. Importantly, the term ‘charter’ is recognised

  3. Race, ideology, and the tea party: a longitudinal study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric D Knowles

    Full Text Available The Tea Party movement, which rose to prominence in the United States after the election of President Barack Obama, provides an ideal context in which to examine the roles of racial concerns and ideology in politics. A three-wave longitudinal study tracked changes in White Americans' self-identification with the Tea Party, racial concerns (prejudice and racial identification, and ideologies (libertarianism and social conservatism over nine months. Latent Growth Modeling (LGM was used to evaluate potential causal relationships between Tea Party identification and these factors. Across time points, racial prejudice was indirectly associated with movement identification through Whites' assertions of national decline. Although initial levels of White identity did not predict change in Tea Party identification, initial levels of Tea Party identification predicted increases in White identity over the study period. Across the three assessments, support for the Tea Party fell among libertarians, but rose among social conservatives. Results are discussed in terms of legitimation theories of prejudice, the "racializing" power of political judgments, and the ideological dynamics of the Tea Party.

  4. 75 FR 553 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... regulations were published March 19, 2009, at 74 FR 11681. IPHC regulations affecting sport fishing for... Register on March 19, 2009 (74 FR 11681). IPHC regulations affecting sport fishing for halibut and charter... sections 3, 25, and 28 (74 FR 11681, March 19, 2009). The Halibut Act, at sections 773c(a) and...

  5. 77 FR 63337 - Renewal of Charter of Advisory Committee on Actuarial Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES Renewal of Charter of Advisory Committee on Actuarial Examinations AGENCY: Joint... Committee on Actuarial Examinations. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Patrick McDonough, 202-622-8225... advise the Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries (Joint Board) on examinations in...

  6. Tearing down the Walls: Cyber Charter Schools and the Public Endorsement of Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cambre, Belinda M.

    2009-01-01

    States have the ability to regulate cyber charter schools just as they regulate traditional schools, private schools, and homeschooling. The situation becomes trickier in terms of religion. In homeschool settings, parents have the right to deliver religious education to their children. Under "Zelman v. Simmons-Harris" (2002), a cyber charter…

  7. Charter versus Traditional Public Schools: A Panel Study of the Technical Efficiency in Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palardy, Joseph; Nesbit, Todd M.; Adzima, Kerry A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper builds upon prior research attempting to answer the question "Does money matter?" in public education by offering some insight into the potential advantages of charter schools over their district counterparts. In order to develop an accurate model of the true relationship between resources and performance, Adkins and Moomaw…

  8. Student Gains in a Privately Managed Network of Charter Schools Using Direct Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Richard W.; Rebarber, Theodor; Wilson, Steven F.

    2002-01-01

    Provides results of an evaluation of a private education management company, Advantage Schools, which opened and operated public charter schools. Outlines Advantage's four-part approach, in which students learn at an accelerated rate. Suggests that this approach may offer an effective and replicable approach to urban schooling. (PM)

  9. The Line between Cultural Education and Religious Education: Do Ethnocentric Niche Charter Schools Have a Prayer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.; Eckes, Suzanne E.; Basford, Letitia E.

    2012-01-01

    When first conceived, charter schools were envisioned as local projects initiated by parents and/or groups of teachers seeking to improve the educational performance of students. In the past two decades, the phenomenon has expanded to more than 5% of all U.S. public schools and almost 3% of all students (Center for Education Reform [CER], 2009).…

  10. Case Studies ofEmerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina K Buchanan

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available The fast growing charter school movement may be impeded if charter schools are perceived as a vehicle for stratifying, segregating, and balkanizing an already ethnically, socio-economically divided population. This article defines ethnocentric schools and describes three Native Hawai'ian charter schools. While they are very different in curricula and in emphasis on the Hawai'ian language and other features, they all have strong community support and a high degree of parental involvement and have access to funds available only for Native Hawai'ian programs. It may be easy to support the expenditure of public funds for ethnocentric charter schools in areas like Hawai'i where ethnic minorities have traditionally been underserved. The issues raised in this study may have broader implications for the evolution of American public education. The question is not what criteria to apply to distinguish schools of "good" choice from schools of "bad" choice. In final analysis we must ask, are schools of choice truly schools of choice, or not?

  11. Diverse Charter Schools: Can Racial and Socioeconomic Integration Promote Better Outcomes for Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Richard; Potter, Halley

    2012-01-01

    The education policy and philanthropy communities to date have placed a premium on funding charter schools that have high concentrations of poverty and large numbers of minority students. This report asks: Might it make more sense for foundations and policymakers to embrace a variety of approaches, including efforts to demonstrate the feasibility…

  12. Analyzing Breadth and Depth of a Virtual Charter School's Science Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vick, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    This case study analyzes five science courses of a United States virtual charter school. Online quizzes and exams are provided by the corporate partner, while local teachers have selected report topics, virtual labs and at-home labs for students to complete. These assessments were coded for their correlation to the cognitive levels of the revised…

  13. 75 FR 61761 - Renewal of Charter for the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee AGENCY: Department... Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee (CFSAC). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Wanda K. Jones, Dr.P... risk factors relating to chronic fatigue syndrome, and identifying potential opportunities in...

  14. 78 FR 54482 - Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of... the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group. The purpose of the Adaptive Management Work Group... with Section 9(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-463, as amended)....

  15. 76 FR 54487 - Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of... the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group. The purpose of the Adaptive Management Work Group... accordance with Section 9(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (Pub. L. 92-463, as...

  16. 76 FR 48162 - FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ... CORPORATION FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice of renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking... Insurance Corporation has determined that renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking...

  17. 78 FR 46949 - FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... CORPORATION FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice of renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking... Insurance Corporation has determined that renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking...

  18. Violence Prevention at Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School. Summary Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Jocelyn; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, P. Mitchell; Lowry, Samantha S.

    2010-01-01

    This summary brief is based on research conducted by the Urban Institute's Justice Policy Center on the violence prevention activities taking place at the Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School during the 2008-2009 school year. Researchers from the Justice Policy Center conducted an assessment of the school's violence prevention…

  19. Perspectives on long-term Eurasian energy supply: the role of the energy charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper examines Croatian energy outlook in the broader 'Eurasian' context, taking into consideration the prospect of increasing energy import dependency in Western and Central Europe, and assesses the contribution that multilateral instruments, such as the Energy Charter Treaty, can make in promoting security of supply.(author)

  20. 77 FR 39705 - National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... AGENCY National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology; Charter Renewal AGENCY... (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App. 2, the National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (NACEPT... Administrator of EPA on a broad range of environmental policy, technology and management issues. Inquiries...

  1. Laying the Foundation for Successful Team Performance Trajectories: The Roles of Team Charters and Performance Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathieu, John E.; Rapp, Tammy L.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the influences of team charters and performance strategies on the performance trajectories of 32 teams of master's of business administration students competing in a business strategy simulation over time. The authors extended existing theory on team development by demonstrating that devoting time to laying a foundation for…

  2. 34 CFR 300.209 - Treatment of charter schools and their students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... schools that are public schools of the LEA. (1) In carrying out Part B of the Act and these regulations with respect to charter schools that are public schools of the LEA, the LEA must— (i) Serve children... the site to its other public schools; and (ii) Provide funds under Part B of the Act to those...

  3. Competitive Incentives and the Education Market: How Charter Schools Define Themselves in Metropolitan Detroit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubienski, Christopher; Lee, Jin

    2016-01-01

    Policymakers often advance charter schools as an education reform model that can offer more diverse educational alternatives for families. Yet, as these schools compete for students, questions arise about how they respond to the competitive incentives in differentiating themselves through marketing distinct options for learners. The way these…

  4. 77 FR 66462 - Clean Air Act Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... AGENCY Clean Air Act Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection...'s Clean Air Act Advisory committee (CAAAC) will be renewed for an additional two-year period, as a... recommendations to the EPA Administrator on policy issues associated with implementation of the Clean Air Act....

  5. Positioning Charter Schools in Los Angeles: Diversity of Form and Homogeneity of Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauen, Douglas Lee; Fuller, Bruce; Dauter, Luke

    2015-01-01

    The debate over charter school effectiveness relies largely on neoclassical logic: individual parents or students express demand for a widening array of school types and then experience variable levels of organizational quality. We argue that market-like behavior is nested in segments of local organizational fields with different types of charter…

  6. 77 FR 62240 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel: Notice of Charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    ... Control Special Emphasis Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory... Control Special Emphasis Panel, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human... Emphasis Panel, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services,...

  7. 76 FR 4322 - Charter Schools Program (CSP); Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... I of the ESEA. (75 FR 78509). High-poverty school means a school in which at least 50 percent of...) by evaluating the effects of charter schools, including their effects on students, student academic... discretionary grant programs, published in the Federal Register on December 15, 2010 (75 FR 78486)....

  8. Examining Support that Exists for Social and Emotional Program Implementation in Elementary Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks-Rallins, Angela N.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative case study examines the perceptions of elementary charter school principals and teachers and the supports that exist for implementation of social and emotional learning programs. The experiences and perspectives of the participants in this research study will be significant to understanding the perceptions of what principals do to…

  9. 75 FR 63203 - Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH); Notice of Reestablishment of Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH... the Charter of the Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health (ACCSH) for two years. FOR... Construction, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Room N-3468, U.S. Department of Labor,...

  10. Jet aircraft engine emissions database development: 1992 military, charter, and nonscheduled traffic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metwally, Munir

    1995-01-01

    Studies relating to environmental emissions database for the military, charter, and non-scheduled traffic for the year 1992 were conducted by McDonnell Douglas Aerospace Transport Aircraft. The report also includes a comparison with a previous emission database for year 1990. Discussions of the methodology used in formulating these databases are provided.

  11. 76 FR 19708 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ... program on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS initially issued a charter halibut permit (CHP) to qualified applicants. A person who was not initially issued a CHP by NMFS may obtain a transferable CHP from another person by submitting a transfer application and meeting CHP transfer...

  12. Understanding School Choice: Location as a Determinant of Charter School Racial, Economic, and Linguistic Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    The author analyzes the revealed school preferences of parents in the Washington, D.C., and asks, "What is the main determinant of charter school choice and how does it create racial, economic, and linguistic segregation?" The author first establishes a theory of choice, which incorporates past research and adds an additional variable to our…

  13. Some implications of the European Energy Charter for U.S. coal companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on some implications of the European Energy Charter for US coal companies. According to the author, projections show a growing market for coal exports. Low-sulfur coals are seen to have the market advantage in Europe, given the state of the environment in Europe. It is suggested that US coal companies work with Eastern European countries to develop coal reserves

  14. Explaining the Gap in Charter and Traditional Public School Teacher Turnover Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuit, David A.; Smith, Thomas M.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses national survey data to examine why charter school teachers are more likely to turnover than their traditional public school counterparts. We test whether the turnover gap is explained by different distributions of factors that are empirically and theoretically linked to turnover risk. We find that the turnover rate of charter…

  15. School Marketing as a Sorting Mechanism: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Charter School Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Terri S.; Carlsen, Robert L.

    2016-01-01

    An emerging body of research has explored "supply side" questions of school choice, or how schools and systems shape enrollment through locational decisions, recruitment, and marketing. This study focuses on how school websites market and communicate the distinct missions of charter schools to prospective families. Through a critical…

  16. Institutional v. Technical Environments: Reconciling the Goals of Decentralization in an Evolving Charter School Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huerta, Luis A.

    2009-01-01

    This article analyzes how macrolevel institutional forces persist and limit the expansion of decentralized schools that attempt to challenge normative definitions and practices of traditional school organizations. Using qualitative case study methodology, the analysis focuses on how one decentralized charter school navigated and reconciled its…

  17. Developing a Checklist for Qualitative Evaluation of Service Charters in Academic Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Maria

    2008-01-01

    In accordance with the recent philosophy of quality in higher education embraced by European institutions, a checklist for the qualitative evaluation of service charters in academic libraries is proposed. The checklist is based on the existing literature on the topic, not only the large number of research papers on quality issues in general, but…

  18. 76 FR 13365 - Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities Program; Office of Innovation and Improvement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities Program; Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview... a TIN from the Internal Revenue Service or the Social Security Administration. If you need a new TIN..., Assistant Deputy Secretary for Innovation and Improvement. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P...

  19. 75 FR 43510 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants to Non... an individual, you can obtain a TIN from the Internal Revenue Service or the Social Security... Deputy Secretary for Innovation and Improvement. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P...

  20. Charter Management Organizations and the Regulated Environment: Is It Worth the Price?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Joan F.

    2013-01-01

    Urban minority children are increasingly being educated at public schools run by charter management organizations (CMOs) characterized by a highly rule-ordered and regulated environment. These rules, enforced through continuous streams of reinforcements and penalties, while contributing to a tight focus on academics and a safe culture, have…

  1. The Role of Leadership in Starting and Operating Blended Learning Charter Schools: A Multisite Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, Michael Eric

    2013-01-01

    Heavily utilizing both instructional technology and face-to-face instruction within a bricks-and-mortar school environment, blended learning charter schools are gaining attention as a cost-effective school design. As educators turn to these blended learning school models to improve both the operational efficiency and student outcomes of…

  2. Lessons Learned in Conducting a Lottery-Based Study of Core Knowledge Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Thomas G.; Grissmer, David W.; Altenhofen, Shannon; Larson, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The authors are presently in the fourth year of a six-year, lottery-based randomized control trial (RCT) studying the effectiveness of nine Colorado charter schools that have implemented Core Knowledge®. Core Knowledge (CK) is a comprehensive K-8 curriculum for language arts, math, science, social studies, visual arts, and music that is intended…

  3. Entrepreneurial Alliances: A Study of Entrepreneurship and Strategic Alliances in the Charter School Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Cheryl A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the practices, processes, and success rates of 15 entrepreneurial alliances in the Texas charter school industry. The research involved interdisciplinary industries (business and education) and focused on how a specific type of alliance structure utilized social innovation to exploit opportunity and impact change in the…

  4. Exploring the Supply Side: Factors Related to Charter School Openings in NYC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saultz, Andrew; Fitzpatrick, Dan; Jacobsen, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    School choice policies have led to a proliferation of new schools opening. While economic theory suggests that new charters would open in high demand locations, limited work examines whether this is, indeed, occurring. Framing our study in geography, we explore both space factors and place factors as contrasting explanations for where new charters…

  5. 78 FR 69682 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that...

  6. 75 FR 48973 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Amendment This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October...

  7. 77 FR 59137 - Chartering and Field of Membership Manual for Federal Credit Unions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ...; ] NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Part 701 RIN 3133-AE02 Chartering and Field of Membership Manual for Federal Credit Unions AGENCY: National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). ACTION: Proposed... Board, National Credit Union Administration, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314-3428....

  8. The Role of Charter Restarts in School Reform: Honoring Our Commitments to Students and Public Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Daniela; Field, Tim

    2013-01-01

    Charter school boards enter into a critical bargain: autonomy for accountability. Compared with their traditional district counterparts, they operate with relative freedom in curriculum, hiring, budgeting, and other operational decisions. In exchange, they are held accountable for student performance in ways that traditional district schools are…

  9. Teacher Quality and Sorting across Traditional Public and Charter Schools in the Detroit Metropolitan Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip; Gawlik, Marytza A.

    2015-01-01

    In the quest to raise student achievement in low-performing urban schools, researchers often point to the central importance of recruitment and retention of a high quality teacher workforce (Lankford, Loeb and Wyckoff 2002; Rivkin, Hanushek and Kain 2005; Jacob 2007). At the same time, advocates have proposed charter schools not only as a means to…

  10. Site-Based Leadership: Extrapolating from Small Business to Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbisi Little, Joan

    2012-01-01

    Using a participant-observer perspective, this comparative case study sought to identify similarities between business and education to contribute to charter school training, leadership development, and school reform. This inquiry is a qualitative comparative case study using a participant observer perspective presented in a scholarly personal…

  11. 12 CFR 543.9 - Application for conversion to Federal mutual charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application for conversion to Federal mutual charter. 543.9 Section 543.9 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY..., including the present value of any preference to which such holders are entitled. (c) Action on...

  12. 77 FR 17529 - Notice of Charter Renewal: Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... COMMISSION Notice of Charter Renewal: Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear... Medical Uses of Isotopes (ACMUI) for a period of two years. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The U.S. Nuclear... Medical Uses of Isotopes for the two year period commencing on March 14, 2012 is in the public...

  13. 76 FR 34890 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... rule implementing the program on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS initially issued... rule to implement the charter halibut limited access program, published on April 21, 2009 (74 FR 18178... halibut limited access program (75 FR 554, January 5, 2010), NMFS implemented the Council's...

  14. 77 FR 15997 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee on March 1, 2012. DATES: The Charter for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee was renewed on March 1, 2012... Nomination Evaluation Committee (NMTI Committee) on March 1, 2012. This Notice is published in...

  15. 75 FR 3720 - Office of Environmental Management; Environmental Management Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-22

    ... of Environmental Management; Environmental Management Advisory Board Charter Renewal Pursuant to... Environmental Management Advisory Board will be renewed for a two-year period beginning January 23, 2010. The Board provides the Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management (EM) with information and...

  16. Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations, New York, NY. Office of Public Information.

    The Charter of the United Nations is divided into 19 chapters. Following a preamble, Chapter I outlines the purposes and principles of the organization; Chapter II, the membership; and Chapter III, organization. Chapter IV describes the composition, functions, powers, and voting procedure of the General Assembly. Chapter V outlines the functioning…

  17. Clarifying the Public-Private Line: Legal and Policy Guidance for Catholic-Affiliated Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Kari A.; Decker, Janet

    2015-01-01

    In the past 50 years, the share of students enrolled in U.S. Catholic schools has declined from approximately 12% to 3%. In reaction, many urban Catholic schools have closed and subsequently reopened as public charter schools in order to receive governmental funding and to increase enrollment. As public schools, these Catholic- affiliated charter…

  18. Charter Schools: The 65% Instructional Expenditure Ratio and College-Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulte, Don P.; Slate, John R.

    2011-01-01

    We investigated for all of the charter school districts (n = 192) in the State of Texas for the 2008-2009 school year the relationship between the 65% instructional expenditures ratio mandate and college-readiness rates in reading, math, and in both subjects for all high school students and then separately for African American, Hispanic, and White…

  19. 77 FR 59185 - Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... AGENCY Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental... Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App.2, the Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee (GMCAC) is a necessary committee which is in the public interest. Accordingly, the GMCAC is renewed for an additional two...

  20. Charter School Statutes and Special Education: Policy Answers or Policy Ambiguity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.; Lange, Cheryl M.

    2007-01-01

    Charter schools are a growing and evolving component of the public education sector. These schools may be exempt from state or local regulations, but they are part of the public system and subject to federal laws and many regulations. Research has documented policy tensions and basic challenges associated with developing special education programs…

  1. Planning and Implementing Virtual Charter Schools in Wisconsin: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Juanita Joyce

    2010-01-01

    The long-term concern relative to education inequity indicates that the nation's youth will not be adequately prepared for the global and highly competitive marketplace of the 21st century (Casner-Lotto & Barrington, 2006). Initiatives to address this concern persist, including the creation of the virtual charter school (Vanourek, 2006;…

  2. Opening the "Black Box": Organizational Differences between Charter Schools and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xin; Patel, Deepa; Young, Viki M.

    2014-01-01

    Using survey data collected from 2,273 teachers in Texas, this study explores differences in school organization that contribute to the experiences (e.g., working conditions, instruction and student engagement in learning, self-efficacy and job satisfaction, and teacher evaluation) of charter school and traditional public school teachers.…

  3. Time Charters with Purchase Options in Shipping: Valuation and Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Løchte; De Giovanni, Domenico

    The paper studies the valuation and optimal management of Time Charters with Purchase Options (T/C-POPs) which is a specific type of asset lease with embedded options that is common in shipping markets. T/C-POPs are economically significant and sometimes account for more than half of the stock...

  4. Time Charters with Purchase Options in Shipping: Valuation and Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Løchte; De Giovanni, Domenico

    2010-01-01

    The article studies the valuation and optimal management of Time Charters with Purchase Options (T/C-POPs), which is a specific type of asset lease with embedded options that is common in shipping markets. T/C-POPs are economically significant and sometimes account for more than half of the stock...

  5. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Holmes; Lapsley, Daniel K.; Baker-Boudissa, Mary

    2009-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival…

  6. Not a normal country: Italy and its party systems

    OpenAIRE

    Valbruzzi, Marco

    2013-01-01

    This article is devoted to the analysis of the unusual trajectory of Italian parties and party systems from the end of World War II to the 2013 general election, when an oversized coalition of three parties, with the crucial support of the President of the Republic, formed a so-called "broad agreements" government. This article will not retell the story of the passage from the First to an alleged Second Republic, for the simple fact that this transition never actually took place. Italy change...

  7. Multi-party arbitration in international trade: problems and solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siig, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Legal disputes regarding international trade frequently involve more than two parties. This leads to problems, as the preferred means of dispute resolution within international trade - arbitration - tends to be ill-equipped to handle such disputes. The topic of the paper is arbitration as a means...... of dispute resolution in a multy-party set-up. Both the possible legal bases and the problems encountered are considere. It is concluded that arbitration is still the only real option to the parties in international business disputes and that many of the shortcomings  may be contered by skilful...

  8. THE SOCIALIST PARTY IN INDIA AND ITS POLITICS

    OpenAIRE

    S. D. PAWAR

    2013-01-01

    It was the opinion of the Socialist Party that India had found a non-violent way of fighting against Britain (the U.K.) and American imperialism and capitalism. The Socialist Party had decided to take the people on this line. The Socialist Party was led by Jayprakash Narayan and other farsighted revolutionary leaders. India had found a new way of fighting an unarmed revolution which was going on for last 30 years under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The socialists and Jayprakash Narayan th...

  9. Moral emotions as determinants of third-party punishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rob M. A. Nelissen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Third-party punishment has recently received attention as an explanation for human altruism. Feelings of anger in response to norm violations are assumed to motivate third-party sanctions, yet there is only sparse and indirect support for this idea. We investigated the impact of both anger and guilt feelings on third-party sanctions. In two studies both emotions were independently manipulated. Results show that anger and guilt independently constitute sufficient but not necessary causes of punishment. Low levels of punishment are observed only when neither emotion is elicited. We discuss the implications of these findings for the functions of altruistic sanctions.

  10. Effects and outcomes of third-party reproduction: parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenfeld, Dorothy A

    2015-09-01

    Third-party reproduction has introduced a host of changing family constellations. Research has shown that children conceived through third-party reproduction are doing well psychologically and developmentally, but what about their parents? How have they coped with the transition to third-party reproduction? Has the experience impacted their marital stability or the quality of their parenting? This review will address parents of children conceived through oocyte donation, parents of children conceived through gestational surrogacy, and gay male parents of children conceived through oocyte donation and gestational surrogacy. PMID:26232745

  11. Spot Natural Gas Prices: A Theoretical Party to Party Bargaining Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Simpson

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Whilst some regional energy markets appear to be integrating, modelling the pricing of natural gas exports in an imperfect global spot market remains a difficult task. For the sake of analysis, this paper proposes the expansion of a theoretical global party to party spot gas price bargaining model to capture lagged daily prices of the major competing fuels and values of a global economic indicator in the world stock market price index. Vector autoregressive based tests provide no evidence of cointegration, however tests of exogeneity show that gas prices and gas price changes are primarily influenced by oil prices and oil price changes. Within this framework, it is found that the oil price and oil price changes are influenced significantly by global stock price index values and index value changes and the coal price index values and index value changes. The model put forward is purely for preliminary analysis but it shows potential. All markets need to become larger, more globally integrated, more informationally efficient and mechanisms to arbitrage the various energy markets would need to be established before a final global gas spot price index is possible.

  12. Quantum secret sharing between m-party and n-party with six states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A quantum secret sharing scheme between an m-party group and an n-party group is proposed using three conjugate bases.A sequence of single photons,each of which is prepared in one of the six states,is used directly to encode classical information in the quantum secret sharing process.In this scheme,each of all m members in group 1 chooses randomly his/her own secret key individually and independently,and directly encodes his/her respective secret information on the states of single photons via unitary operations,then the last one sends 1/n of the resulting qubits to each member of group 2.By measuring their respective qubits,all members in group 2 share the secret information shared by all members in group 1.It renders impossible a Trojan horse attack with a multi-photon signal,a fake-signal attack with EPR pairs,an attack with single photons,and an attack with invisible photons.We give the upper bounds on the average success probabilities for dishonest agent eavesdropping encryption using the fake-signal attack with any two-particle entangled states.

  13. Quantum secret sharing between m-party and n-party with six states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Ting; YAN FengLi; LI YouCheng

    2009-01-01

    A quantum secret sharing scheme between an m-party group and an n-party group is proposed using three conjugate bases. A sequence of single photons, each of which is prepared in one of the six states, is used directly to encode classical information in the quantum secret sharing process. In this scheme, each of all m members in group 1 chooses randomly his/her own secret key individually and inde-pendently, and directly encodes his/her respective secret information on the states of single photons via unitary operations, then the last one sends 1/n of the resulting qubits to each member of group 2. By measuring their respective qubits, all members in group 2 share the secret information shared by all members in group 1. It renders impossible a Trojan horse attack with a multi-photon signal, a fake-signal attack with EPR pairs, an attack with single hotons, and an attack with invisible photons. We give the upper bounds on the average success probabilities for dishonest agent eavesdropping encryption using the fake-signal attack with any two-particle entangled states.

  14. Quantum teleportation in three parties with an accelerated receiver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the multi-party teleportation it is known that, in average, teleportation with W state is more robust than that with GHZ one. However if in the multi-party teleportation a receiver moves in an uniform acceleration, it is questionable that the superiority of W state would be still hold. In this article we consider the three-party teleportation with the receiver in an uniformly accelerated frame. We show that in general, the robustness of three-party teleportation depends on the acceleration of the receiver. Also we find that the fidelity of GHZ state depends on the angle of co-sender's single qubit measurement and the magnitude of acceleration. So we obtain the condition for the the angle of Bob's single qubit measurement and the magnitude of acceleration when the fidelity of GHZ state coincides with that of W one

  15. The Impact of Having Children on Party Member Activism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    2014-01-01

    Party member activism varies in type and intensity, and it is necessary to take this into consideration when explaining the degree of participation. One potential explanation for the level of party member participation is the extent to which there are children in the household. Based on the Danish...... party member survey of 2012, analyses show: First, the cost of having children is more important when explaining more demanding activities than the less demanding activities, and, second, the impact of the cost of having children in the household is larger when including the intensity of participation...... in the dependent variable. Third, the smaller the children, the larger the cost and the larger the negative impact on party activism no matter what type or intensity. Furthermore, there are only limited gender differences in the impact of having children so that children, in particular in the young...

  16. 47 CFR 76.103 - Parties entitled to syndicated exclusivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Exclusivity and Sports Blackout § 76.103 Parties entitled to syndicated exclusivity. (a) Television broadcast station licensees shall be entitled to exercise exclusivity rights pursuant to § 76.101 in accordance...

  17. 26 CFR 1.7476-2 - Notice to interested parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of 26 CFR part 1) applies. ... employee benefit matters. (ii) In this Example 1, Employer A satisfies the notice to interested parties... the notice on Employer B's web site (Internet or intranet). Employees at worksites 1 through...

  18. Secure Query in Wireless Sensor Network Using Underground Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiping Huang

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, secure query has become a significant issue for researchers. It proposes the concept of secure multi-party query in Internet of things or sensor networks making use of “underground parties” to guarantee network security. Based on a novel network model assumption, it adopts homomorphic privacy and secure multi-party computation techniques to realize the above mentioned secure query, and then it puts forward the horizontal and vertical query algorithm in the top-k query through cooperation of underground parties. Thereafter, by the simulation tests it compares the time efficiency of the proposed algorithm with other typical sort algorithms under different top-k scenarios. At last, it analyzes the relationship between query time and number of underground party nodes.

  19. Energy-political ideas of environmentalist parties in Western Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By and large the green-alternative parties embrace the same energy policies: They reject nuclear energy, they demand a radically new approach to energy politics and they want to realise their programmes within a comprehensive restructuring of the political and economic order of the respective states. The reasons for this categorical NO to nuclear energy seen in its social and environmental compatibility. In the following we will explain how this type of party works and functions. The reasons for the formation of these parties and the profile of green-alternative parties on a national and international level are described in detail as well as the resonance in society and their chances of success in general. (orig./HSCH)

  20. Political party system and party cleavages in South Korea : a study focusing on the lack of left-right polarisation and dominance of regionance of regionalism in political parties

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    The party system and party cleavages in South Korea have been examined in this thesis. Focus has been placed on the two main characteristics of the party system and party cleavages. First, the lack of left-right polarisation in the party system. Second, the dominance of regionalism as a party cleavage. In this quest, as a point of departure, a sociological approach, which is based on Stein Rokkan s historical-developmental approach is adopted. The study was carried out following Stein Rokkan ...

  1. 举办晚会%Holding a Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Please be quiet,everyone.I have something important to tell you.The Students Union is going to hold a party on Saturday evening,August 15,to welcome our friend from England.The party will be held in the third floor of the Main Building.It will begin at 7:50 p.m.There is music,singing,dancing games and exchanging of gifts.

  2. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    OpenAIRE

    Yufeng Dong; Liuyi Ling

    2015-01-01

    Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbook...

  3. How to Incentivize Data-Driven Collaboration Among Competing Parties

    OpenAIRE

    Azar, Pablo; Goldwasser, Shafi; Park, Sunoo

    2016-01-01

    The availability of vast amounts of data is changing how we can make medical discoveries, predict global market trends, save energy, and develop educational strategies. In some settings such as Genome Wide Association Studies or deep learning, sheer size of data seems critical. When data is held distributedly by many parties, they must share it to reap its full benefits. One obstacle to this revolution is the lack of willingness of different parties to share data, due to reasons such as loss ...

  4. The Pirate Party and the Politics of Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Fredriksson, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This article draws on a series of interviews with members of the Pirate Party, a political party focusing on copyright and information politics, in different countries. It discusses the interviewees’ visions of democracy and technology and explains that copyright is seen as not only an obstacle to the free consumption of music and movies but a threat to the freedom of speech, the right to privacy, and a thriving public sphere. The first part of this article briefly sketches how the Pirate Par...

  5. Explaining the U.S. tri-party repo market

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Copeland; Darrell Duffie; Antoine Martin; Susan McLaughlin

    2012-01-01

    During the 2007-09 financial crisis, it became apparent that weaknesses existed in the design of the U.S. tri-party repo market that could rapidly elevate and propagate systemic risk. This article describes key mechanics of the market, focusing on two that have contributed to its weaknesses and impacted market reform efforts: the collateral allocation and “unwind” processes. The authors explain that collateral allocation in the tri-party repo market involves considerable dealer intervention, ...

  6. Social media as political party campaign in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Abdillah, Leon Andretti

    2014-01-01

    Social media as a trend in the Internet is now used as a medium for political campaigns. Author explores the advantages and social media implementation of any political party in Indonesia legislative elections 2014. Author visited and analyzed social media used by the contestants, such as: Facebook, and Twitter. Author collected data from social media until the end of April 2014. This article discusses the use of social media by political parties and their features. The results of this study ...

  7. Secure Two-Party Computation with Low Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Faust, Sebastian; Hazay, Carmit

    2011-01-01

    We propose a 2-party UC-secure computation protocol that can compute any function securely. The protocol requires only two messages, communication that is poly-logarithmic in the size of the circuit description of the function, and the workload for one of the parties is also only poly-logarithmic...... based on the knowledge of exponent in an RSA group, and build succinct zero-knowledge arguments in the CRS model....

  8. Anti-Party Discourses in Germany: Three Essays

    OpenAIRE

    Bevan, Ruth; Probst, Lothar; Scarrow, Susan

    1995-01-01

    Abstract: Susan Scarrow: The paper argues that there is a logical link between types of party criticisms and types of proposed remedies. It distinguishes three main variants of anti-party discourses - Pluralist, Rouseauian, and Statist - and identifies corresponding remedies. It uses examples from German history to clarify the proposed typology, and to demonstrate the plausibility of the argument.; Abstract Lothar Probst: Following up to the deliberations of Ernst Cassirer and Murray Edelman ...

  9. The Romanian Social Democratic Party versus the authoritarian monarchy

    OpenAIRE

    Florin Grecu

    2014-01-01

    The article approaches the Romanian social-democratic collaboration during 1938-1940 with the authoritarian monarch regime. Even though the party leaders had diverging political views, regards to the acceptance or the non-acceptance of the authoritarian regime, the influential PSDR members held leading positions within the single party and the corporate parliament and within the union structures. The positions were offered by the regime, so that the union leaders would stop instigating worker...

  10. Test automation on a third party mobile software

    OpenAIRE

    Lempiäinen, Tuomas

    2015-01-01

    This work aimed to create viable test automation for Finland’s Slot Machine Association’s mobile casino software. The work contains a test plan for the software, and an introduction of the selected automation framework. The software is developed by a third party. The results of this thesis indicate that testing third party software differs tremendously from testing in-house developed software. Instead of a multiphased testing process, only a one shot acceptance testing run can be performe...

  11. Political Parties and Rent-seeking through Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Miettinen, Topi; Poutvaara, Panu

    2006-01-01

    We argue that anti-corruption laws may provide an efficiency rationale for why political parties should meddle in the distribution of non-ideological political nominations. Anti-corruption laws forbid trade in nominations made by politicians. However, citizens may pay for gaining access to politicians, thereby becoming potential candidates for nominations. Such rent-seeking results in excessive network formation. Political parties may reduce wasteful network formation, thanks to their ability...

  12. Literature review of the passenger airline business models: Full service carrier, low-cost carrier and charter airlines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carmona Benitez, R.B.; Lodewijks, G.

    2008-01-01

    The deregulation and liberalization of the air transportation industry have developed three main passenger business models: full service carriers, low-cost carriers, and charter airlines. Deregulation removed regulated fares and routes increasing competition and yields. Airlines business models main

  13. Party finance reform as constitutional engineering? The effectiveness and unintended consequences of party finance reform in France and Britain

    OpenAIRE

    Clift, B.; Fisher, J.

    2005-01-01

    In both Britain and France, party funding was traditionally characterized by a laissez faire approach and a conspicuous lack of regulation. In France, this was tantamount to a 'legislative vacuum'. In the last two decades, however, both countries have sought to fundamentally reform their political finance regulation regimes. This prompted, in Britain, the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, and in France a bout of 'legislative incontinence' — profoundly transforming the pol...

  14. A dialogue between the parties and non-parties to the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In describing the mechanism of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conferences, the author stresses the necessity of the dialog between parties and non-parties to the Treaty which could allow the participants of the dialog to be better informed about the Treaty itself and on how to make it a more effective instrument, not only for prohibiting the proliferation of nuclear weapons, but for promoting peaceful cooperation in the field of nuclear energy as well

  15. The gender of party leadership and its impact on voter's asessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Even though most political parties are still male dominated, an increasing number of women reach the top position of party leader. Furthermore, party leadership is increasingly regarded as an important part of party images due to the personalization of politics. Does the gender of the party leader...... leader characteristics appreciated by men and women. If this holds, the gender of party leadership matters to women because they value woman party leaders higher, not because they value other characteristics than men........ However, men are not more sympathetic towards man party leaders than women. Second, the analysis of the content of party leader sympathy seems to show that men and women do not differ in the characteristics correlated with party leader sympathy. Hence, there seems to be no gender difference in the party...

  16. GENERAL REPRESENTATIVES OF BUNJEVCI- ŠOKCI PARTY AND AGRICULTURAL PARTY IN THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY FROM 1920 TO 1921

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Саша Марковић

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Shortly after creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, Bunjevci got engaged in the political life. The intention of the most Bunjevac intelligence was to preserve the unity in the political performance, in the same way as it existed in the cultural and artistic creation. However, under the influence of national and political centers of power, primarily from Serbia and Croatia, it was hardly sustainable. Bunjevci first established Bunjevci-Šokci party, which ran the pre-election campaign with its recognizable program of the Autonomous Program of Vojovodina, inaccurate contents and open interpretations, winning few seats in the Constituent Assembly. Supporting the inertia of the parliamentary session, representatives of the party joined the established Yugoslav club in the parliament, lead by the Slovenian People's Party. In this way, they supported the multinational and federal concept of proposals for the constitutional system of the country. On the other hand, a number of Bunjevci supported the establishment of the Agricultural party and participation of its general representative in the Assembly. The party eventually joined the National Radical Party, demanding a preservation of the national Unitarianism and the centralized concept of the government system. Stratification of political attitudes among Bunjevci was visible in the next period of the inter-war political history of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

  17. Homonormativity, Charternormativity, and Processes of Legitimation: Exploring the Affective-Spatio-Temporal-Fixed Dimensions of Marriage Equality and Charter Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Stern, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Over the past five years, marriage equality and charter schools have emerged at the forefront of political conversations about equality and rights. Some argue that these policies extend access to certain benefits and opportunities to historically oppressed communities, thus furthering liberalism and egalitarianism. In this article, I engage these arguments by exploring how and why people from dominant cultures come to support marriage equality or charter schools despite not directly benefitti...

  18. AN ANALYSIS OF THE PERCEPTION OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT TRAINEES REGARDING ACCESS TO THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING NEEDS

    OpenAIRE

    Bunea Ștefan; Sãcãrin Marian; Gîrbinã Maria Mãdãlina

    2013-01-01

    In Romania, the certification of the quality of chartered accountant is accomplished by CECCAR(i). It is conditioned by the completion of the period of initial training. A part of this period is provided by the universities, while the other part is provided by CECCAR through the national 3-year internship programme. The objective of our survey was to analyse the way in which chartered accountant trainees perceive the access to the accounting profession, their own limitations in terms of compe...

  19. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yufeng Dong

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbooking strategy is also examined. A model of a Stackelberg game between the hotel and third-party websites and a Nash game among the third-party websites are developed to analyze the process. Results indicate that the compensation coefficient has a slight influence on hotel pricing strategy, but causes a sharp decrease in overbooking level. As the hotel demands to lessen the probability of denying under higher compensation rate, the third-party websites would exert less sales effort to reduce the demand of online customers. Results also show that under a given market demand, hotel effort only serves to redistribute market shares among the hotel and third-party websites, without influencing hotel pricing and overbooking decisions. Specifically, the market shares of the third-party websites decrease in the effort level of the hotel resulting from an increase in the hotel market share. Finally, in the numerical example where one hotel and two websites are analyzed, hotel overbooking strategy improves hotel profit by 4.20%, whereas profit improvements for Websites 1 and 2 are as high as 5.26% and 5.21%, respectively. Managerial implications of the study are also provided.

  20. Consequences of team charter quality: Teamwork mental model similarity and team viability in engineering design student teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway Hughston, Veronica

    Since 1996 ABET has mandated that undergraduate engineering degree granting institutions focus on learning outcomes such as professional skills (i.e. solving unstructured problems and working in teams). As a result, engineering curricula were restructured to include team based learning---including team charters. Team charters were diffused into engineering education as one of many instructional activities to meet the ABET accreditation mandates. However, the implementation and execution of team charters into engineering team based classes has been inconsistent and accepted without empirical evidence of the consequences. The purpose of the current study was to investigate team effectiveness, operationalized as team viability, as an outcome of team charter implementation in an undergraduate engineering team based design course. Two research questions were the focus of the study: a) What is the relationship between team charter quality and viability in engineering student teams, and b) What is the relationship among team charter quality, teamwork mental model similarity, and viability in engineering student teams? Thirty-eight intact teams, 23 treatment and 15 comparison, participated in the investigation. Treatment teams attended a team charter lecture, and completed a team charter homework assignment. Each team charter was assessed and assigned a quality score. Comparison teams did not join the lecture, and were not asked to create a team charter. All teams completed each data collection phase: a) similarity rating pretest; b) similarity posttest; and c) team viability survey. Findings indicate that team viability was higher in teams that attended the lecture and completed the charter assignment. Teams with higher quality team charter scores reported higher levels of team viability than teams with lower quality charter scores. Lastly, no evidence was found to support teamwork mental model similarity as a partial mediator of the team charter quality on team viability