WorldWideScience

Sample records for charles morton gottlich

  1. Morton neuroma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Forefoot problems, including bunions and hammer toes High foot arches Morton neuroma is more common in women than in men. ... Morton neuroma can make walking difficult. Persons with this foot ... activities that put pressure on the foot, such as pressing the ...

  2. [Morton's disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isomoto, Shinji; Tanaka, Yasuhito

    2014-12-01

    Morton's disease refers to neuralgia at the web space of the toes with a pseudo-neuroma. It commonly occurs in the third web space of the foot in middle-aged and older women. The pseudo-neuroma is thought to be a secondary change after entrapment or repeated microtrauma. Patients complain of forefoot pain while walking. Typically, symptoms are caused by tight high-heeled shoes. The physical examination includes palpation of the web spaces and Mulder's test. Weight bearing foot radiographs are used to evaluate the deformity of the foot, especially at metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints. MRI is useful for differential diagnosis of pseudo-neuroma, MTP joint arthritis, and interdigital bursitis. Conservative treatments are shoe modification, use of orthotic insoles, and injection of corticosteroids and local anesthesia. The injections are useful not only for the treatment but also for diagnosis of Morton's disease. If the local injection is not temporally effective, surgical treatment is not indicated. If the conservative treatment fails, surgical treatment is indicated. The most common surgery is excision of the pseudo-neuroma. The surgery is usually performed using a dorsal approach. PMID:25475032

  3. Who was Morton Prince?

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, R W

    1992-11-01

    Morton Prince, a Boston neurologist, founded the Journal of Abnormal Psychology in 1906 as an outlet especially for those who took a psychogenic view of neurotic disorders. Through experiments with hypnotism, he added appreciably to knowledge of subconscious and coconscious mental processes; The Dissociation of a Personality (Prince, 1905) still ranks as a classic. He early saw that studying normal people in the depth and detail with which one studied patients could make significant contributions to our whole understanding of human nature. Before his death he established and briefly directed the Harvard Psychological Clinic, devising the research environment out of which presently sprang major contributions to the study of personality. PMID:1430597

  4. Morton neuroma: MRI diagnostic value

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of MRI in Morton's Neuroma (MN). Material and methods: 23 patients with clinical diagnosis of MN were examined under two different protocols, with a 1.5 T Magnet. 1) T1, FSET2, FIR, T1 with contrast enhancement and fat suppression; 2) T1, FSET2, FIR without contrast enhancement (i.v. Gadolinium). Results: In the first group MN was found in 7 patients. In the second group 14 patients were studied, 7 with positive MR for neuroma, and 9 with negative MR. 6 were true-negative and 3 were false-negative. The Fisher Test between both groups was p < 0.05. Conclusion: MRI is effective for the diagnosis of Morton neuroma. The use of gadolinium and fat suppression significantly improved the detection of Morton neuroma, allowing better measurements of the lesion. These findings do not correlate with previous papers that do not encourage the use of i.v. Gadolinium. (author)

  5. Rheumatoid nodule presenting as Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaganti, S; Joshy, S; Hariharan, K; Rashid, M

    2013-09-01

    Among 101 feet that presented with symptoms and signs similar to Morton's neuroma, intermetatarsal rheumatoid nodules were found in five feet (three patients). Two patients had bilateral involvement. Histology of the excised tissue showed the presence of a rheumatoid nodule and Morton's neuroma in four feet and a rheumatoid nodule with unremarkable nerve bundles in one. A rheumatoid nodule can coexist with Morton's neuroma, as seen in our patients, and the presentation is often similar to that of a Morton's neuroma. Our patients were rendered asymptomatic with surgical treatment and went on to have appropriate management of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid nodule should be considered in the differential diagnosis of Morton's neuroma in not only rheumatoid arthritis patients but also asymptomatic patients who have never been tested for rheumatoid antibodies. PMID:23135058

  6. Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge Information Book

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This booklet provides a biological overview of the Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge in 1969. It also presents the refuge objectives and recreational...

  7. Charles Kindleberger

    OpenAIRE

    Kane, Edward J.

    2004-01-01

    Minimalist economists stubbornly resist Charles Kindleberger's characterization of investor expectations in a financial bubble as "irrational." This paper seeks to resolve the controversy by imbedding Kindleberger's well-researched, impressionistic theory of financial crises into an expanded, but still-minimalist model of rational expectations. Introducing the concepts of malicious disinformation and rational overpromotion creates an informational environment in which it is time-consuming and...

  8. Diagnosis and treatment of Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers, Anthony

    2010-09-01

    Morton's neuroma is a benign foot condition that occurs more often in women than men, and particularly in those who wear narrow, high-heeled shoes. This article presents a case study of the condition, discusses its symptoms and diagnosis, and provides information about the range of treatments on offer. PMID:20882801

  9. Operative treatment of interdigital Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Maurizio; Crucil, Marina; Alecci, Vincenzo

    2008-05-01

    The Authors present their experience in the surgical treatment of Morton's neuroma via a dorsal approach. The assessed results have been very good in terms of a clear clinical improvement and no recurrences in all the treated cases. The histological examination carried out on all the removed samples have shown that the thickening of the nerve first occurs due to perineural fibrosis and successively associated with sclerohyalinosis of the tissue, which is in line with the already existing literature reports. The Authors of the article reckon the adopted surgical technique to be simple, safe and highly effective. PMID:18343980

  10. The Trail Inventory of Elizabeth A. Morton NWR [Cycle 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all nonmotorized trails on Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this...

  11. The Trail Inventory of Elizabeth A. Morton NWR [Cycle 3

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all nonmotorized trails on Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this...

  12. Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge [Land Status Map

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map depicts lands owned andor administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge.

  13. Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge [Land Status Map

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map was produced by the Division of Realty to depict landownership at Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. It was generated from rectified...

  14. Morton Neuroma: Evaluated with Ultrasonography and MR Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Mi-jung; Kim, Sungjun; Huh, Yong-Min; Song, Ho-Taek; Lee, Sung-Ah; Lee, Jin Woo; Suh, Jin-Suck

    2007-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of both ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of Morton neuroma. Materials and Methods Our study group was comprised of 20 neuromas from 17 patients, and the neuromas were confirmed on surgery following evaluation with US, MRI, or both US and MRI. The diagnostic criterion for Morton neuroma, as examined by US, was the presence of a round or ovoid, well-defined, hypoechoic mass. Th...

  15. 77 FR 60144 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... Pharmaceuticals Pursuant to 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), this is notice that on July 12, 2012, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois 60053-2633,...

  16. 78 FR 69133 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... Pharmaceuticals Pursuant to Sec. 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), this is notice that on October 7, 2013, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois...

  17. 78 FR 17231 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application: Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... Pharmaceuticals Pursuant to Sec. 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), this is notice that on December 14, 2012, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois...

  18. 78 FR 52802 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-26

    ... Pharmaceuticals By Notice dated March 12, 2013, and published in the Federal Register on March 20, 2013, 78 FR 17231, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois 60053-2633, made... determined that the registration of Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals to manufacture the listed basic class...

  19. 78 FR 5503 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... Pharmaceuticals By Notice dated September 25, 2012, and published in the Federal Register on October 2, 2012, 77 FR 60144, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois 60053-2633, made... determined that the registration of Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals to manufacture the listed basic class...

  20. Charles Darwin's Botanical Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harley, Suzanne M.

    2010-01-01

    Charles Darwin's botanical studies provide a way to expose students to his work that followed the publication of "On the Origin of Species." We can use stories from his plant investigations to illustrate key concepts in the life sciences and model how questions are asked and answered in science.

  1. Charles Darwin i 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charles Darwin blev født d. 12. februar 1809. Hans mest berømte bog, 'Om arternes oprindelse', udkom d. 24. november 1859. Det gør 2009 til noget ganske særligt for både Darwin og evolutionsteorien. Det er nemlig i år både Darwins 200-års fødselsdag og 150-års jubilæet for en af de mest...

  2. Geolog Charles Darwin

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cílek, Václav

    Plzeň : Západočeská univerzita, 2009 - (Daněk, T.; Hanzelín, M.), --- [Evoluce. Výjezdní interdisciplinární seminář /10./. Nečtiny (CZ), 19.01.2009-21.01.2009] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30130516 Keywords : Charles Darwin * evolution * geology Subject RIV: DB - Geology ; Mineralogy

  3. The outcome of Morton's neurectomy in the treatment of metatarsalgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pace, Alistair; Scammell, Brigitte; Dhar, Sunil

    2010-04-01

    Morton's neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia caused by intermetarsal digital nerve thickening. This study reviews the pathology, presentation, symptoms and signs, and patient satisfaction with surgical treatment. Seventy-eight patients (82 feet) were treated for Morton's metatarsalgia by excision of the interdigital nerve. The patients were followed-up for a mean of 4.6 years (range 0.8-8.1 years) and scored using the Foot Functional Index and the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society scoring system. In 74 patients the Foot Functional Index was more than 85 (maximum score 100). Seventy-one patients scored more than 90 on the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society scoring system with two patients scoring 100 (maximum score). Postoperatively, 82% reported excellent or good results, 10% had a fair result with restriction of activities or pain and 8% had no improvement at all after surgery while 71% had restrictions with footwear. PMID:19484237

  4. Ultrasound-Guided Diagnosis and Treatment of Morton's Neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ata, Ayşe Merve; Onat, Şule Şahin; Özçakar, Levent

    2016-02-01

    Morton's neuroma is the fibrous enlargement of the interdigital nerve branches, usually in the second and third interspace between the metatarsal heads where the lateral and medial plantar nerves often join. Specific symptoms are dull or sharp pain, numbness and/or tingling in the third and fourth digits, burning sensation, cramping, and a feeling of "walking on a stone" around the metatarsal heads. Numerous clinical tests for Morton's neuroma have been described, such as thumb index finger squeeze, and Mulder's click and foot squeeze tests. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging can be used for confirmation, especially for differential diagnosis, exact localization, and number of neuromas. Further, performing dynamic imaging during the aforementioned tests is paramount and can readily be carried out with ultrasound. The treatment mainly comprises footwear modifications, radiofrequency ablation, physical therapy, local (corticosteroid and anesthetic) injections into the affected webspace, and surgery. Again the use of real-time ultrasound guidance during such interventions is noteworthy. PMID:26815264

  5. Morton Neuroma: Evaluated with Ultrasonography and MR Imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Mi-Jung; Kim, Sung-Jun; Huh, Yong-Min; Song, Ho-Taek; Lee, Sung-Ah; Lee, Jin Woo; Suh, Jin-Suck [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of both ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of Morton neuroma. Our study group was comprised of 20 neuromas from 17 patients, and the neuromas were confirmed on surgery following evaluation with US, MRI, or both US and MRI. The diagnostic criterion for Morton neuroma, as examined by US, was the presence of a round or ovoid, well-defined, hypoechoic mass. The diagnostic criterion, based on MR imaging, was a well defined mass with intermediate to low signal intensity on both the T1- and T2-weighted images. The retrospective comparison between the sonographic and MR images was done by two experienced radiologists working in consensus with the surgical and pathologic correlations. The detection rate of Morton neuroma was 79% for 14 neuromas from 11 patients who had undergone US followed by an operation. The detection rate was 76% for 17 neuromas from 15 patients who had undergone MRI and a subsequent operation. The mean size of the examined neuromas was 4.9 mm on the US images and it was 5.1 mm on the MRI studies. Ten neuromas (71%) were 5 mm or less as measured by US, and three neuromas were not detected, whereas on the MRI analysis, 10 neuromas (59%) were 5 mm or less and four neuromas were not visualized. Among the patients examined during postoperative followup, symptoms were completely relieved in 85% and the symptoms were partially relieved in 15%. US and MR imaging are comparable modalities with high detection rate for the evaluation of Morton neuroma.

  6. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compositions of lentil (Lens culinaris var. Morton) extract and its fractions

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Yanping; Chang, Sam K.C.; Gu, Yan; Qian, Steven Y.

    2011-01-01

    Phenolic compounds were extracted from Morton lentils using acidified aqueous acetone. The crude Morton extract (CME) was applied onto a macroresin column and desorbed by aqueous methanol to obtain a semi-purified Morton extract (SPME). The SPME was further fractionated over Sephadex LH-20 column into five main fractions (Fr I – Fr V). The phytochemical contents such as total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and condensed tannin content (CTC) of the CME, SPME, and its fr...

  7. Morton's foot and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate deficiency: genetically linked traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Trent W; Gaiteri, Christopher

    2014-12-01

    Vitamin B6 is an essential vitamin needed for many chemical reactions in the human body. It exists as several vitamins forms but pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is the phosphorylated form needed for transamination, deamination, and decarboxylation. PLP is important in the production of neurotransmitters, acts as a Schiff base and is essential in the metabolism of homocysteine, a toxic amino acid involved in cardiovascular disease, stroke, thrombotic and Alzheimer's disease. This report announces the connection between a deficit of PLP with a genetically linked physical foot form known as the Morton's foot. Morton's foot has been associated with fibromyalgia/myofascial pain syndrome. Another gene mutation methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFr) is now being recognized much commonly than previous with chronic fatigue, chronic Lyme diseases and as "the missing link" in other chronic diseases. PLP deficiency also plays a role in impaired glucose tolerance and may play a much bigger role in the obesity, diabetes, fatty liver and metabolic syndrome. Without the Schiff-base of PLP acting as an electron sink, storing electrons and dispensing them in the mitochondria, free radical damage occurs! The recognition that a phenotypical expression (Morton's foot) of a gene resulting in deficiency of an important cofactor enzyme pyridoxal 5'-phosphate will hopefully alert physicians and nutritionist to these phenomena. Supplementation with PLP, L5-MTHF, B12 and trimethylglycine should be used in those patients with hyperhomocysteinemia and/or MTHFR gene mutation. PMID:25441836

  8. Lake Charles CCS Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leib, Thomas [Leucadia Energy, LLC, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Cole, Dan [Denbury Onshore, LLC, Plano, TX (United States)

    2015-06-30

    In late September 2014 development of the Lake Charles Clean Energy (LCCE) Plant was abandoned resulting in termination of Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project which was a subset the LCCE Plant. As a result, the project was only funded through Phase 2A (Design) and did not enter Phase 2B (Construction) or Phase 2C (Operations). This report was prepared relying on information prepared and provided by engineering companies which were engaged by Leucadia Energy, LLC to prepare or review Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) for the Lake Charles Clean Energy Project, which includes the Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project in Lake Charles, Louisiana. The Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project was to be a large-scale industrial CCS project intended to demonstrate advanced technologies that capture and sequester carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources into underground formations. The Scope of work was divided into two discrete sections; 1) Capture and Compression prepared by the Recipient Leucadia Energy, LLC, and 2) Transport and Sequestration prepared by sub-Recipient Denbury Onshore, LLC. Capture and Compression-The Lake Charles CCS Project Final Technical Report describes the systems and equipment that would be necessary to capture CO2 generated in a large industrial gasification process and sequester the CO2 into underground formations. The purpose of each system is defined along with a description of its equipment and operation. Criteria for selection of major equipment are provided and ancillary utilities necessary for safe and reliable operation in compliance with environmental regulations are described. Construction considerations are described including a general arrangement of the CCS process units within the overall gasification project. A cost estimate is provided, delineated by system area with cost breakdown showing equipment, piping and materials

  9. Shooting Charles Henri Ford

    OpenAIRE

    Linkof, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    In the mid-1930s, during one of his periodic visits to his employers at Vogue in New York City, the British photographer Cecil Beaton photographed the young American writer Charles Henri Ford sprawled out on a bed of tabloid newspapers. This Ford portrait expresses Beaton’s homoerotic investment in the rough edges of American low culture. By re-examining Beaton’s response to the violent culture of New York City, and its sensationalized representation in the tabloids, Beaton’s photograph of Fo...

  10. Characters named Charles or Charley in novels by Charles Dickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Herbert

    2007-10-01

    12 fictional characters named Charles or Charley are contained in eight of the 14 completed novels by Charles Dickens. Most of the author's namesakes have humorous attributes, an unusually close relationship with one or more other characters, and a happy subsequent life. Three stages of the author's adult life are youthful, mature, and after separation from his wife. The fictional namesakes are most humorous in the author's youthful stage and least humorous after separation from his wife. The 12 fictional namesakes of Charles Dickens are compared with the two fictional namesakes of Jane Austen. PMID:18175490

  11. Charles Darwin's mitochondria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, John

    2013-05-01

    Charles Darwin's long-term illness has been the subject of much speculation. His numerous symptoms have led to conclusions that his illness was essentially psychogenic in nature. These diagnoses have never been fully convincing, however, particularly in regard to the proposed underlying psychological background causes of the illness. Similarly, two proposed somatic causes of illness, Chagas disease and arsenic poisoning, lack credibility and appear inconsistent with the lifetime history of the illness. Other physical explanations are simply too incomplete to explain the range of symptoms. Here, a very different sort of explanation will be offered. We now know that mitochondrial mutations producing impaired mitochondrial function may result in a wide range of differing symptoms, including symptoms thought to be primarily psychological. Examination of Darwin's maternal family history supports the contention that his illness was mitochondrial in nature; his mother and one maternal uncle had strange illnesses and the youngest maternal sibling died of an infirmity with symptoms characteristic of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS syndrome), a condition rooted in mitochondrial dysfunction. Darwin's own symptoms are described here and are in accord with the hypothesis that he had the mtDNA mutation commonly associated with the MELAS syndrome. PMID:23633139

  12. The diagnosis and management of Morton's neuroma: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Sameer; Mannan, Ken

    2013-08-01

    Morton's neuroma is a common condition mainly affecting middle aged women, and there are many proposed etiological theories involving chronic repetitive trauma, ischemia, entrapment, and intermetatarsal bursitis. Incorrect terminology suggests that the underlying pathological process is a nerve tumor, although histological examination reveals the presence of inflammatory tissue-that is, perineural fibrosis. The common digital nerve and its branches in the third planter webspace are most commonly affected. Diagnosis is usually made through history taking and clinical examination but may be aided by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. Current nonoperative treatment strategies include shoe-wear modifications, custom made orthoses, and injections of local anesthetic agents, sclerosing agents, and steroids. Operative management options primarily involve either nerve decompression or neurectomy. We have reviewed the published literature to evaluate the outcomes of the available diagnostic modalities and treatment options and present an algorithm for clinical practice. PMID:23811947

  13. Consistency problems for Heath-Jarrow-Morton interest rate models

    CERN Document Server

    Filipović, Damir

    2001-01-01

    The book is written for a reader with knowledge in mathematical finance (in particular interest rate theory) and elementary stochastic analysis, such as provided by Revuz and Yor (Continuous Martingales and Brownian Motion, Springer 1991). It gives a short introduction both to interest rate theory and to stochastic equations in infinite dimension. The main topic is the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) methodology for the modelling of interest rates. Experts in SDE in infinite dimension with interest in applications will find here the rigorous derivation of the popular "Musiela equation" (referred to in the book as HJMM equation). The convenient interpretation of the classical HJM set-up (with all the no-arbitrage considerations) within the semigroup framework of Da Prato and Zabczyk (Stochastic Equations in Infinite Dimensions) is provided. One of the principal objectives of the author is the characterization of finite-dimensional invariant manifolds, an issue that turns out to be vital for applications. Finally, ge...

  14. The role of fasciae in Civinini-Morton's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stecco, Carla; Fantoni, Ilaria; Macchi, Veronica; Del Borrello, Mario; Porzionato, Andrea; Biz, Carlo; De Caro, Raffaele

    2015-11-01

    This study evaluates the pathogenetic role of the perineural connective tissue and foot fasciae in Civinini-Morton's neuroma. Eleven feet (seven male, four female; mean age: 70.9 years) were dissected to analyse the anatomy of inter-metatarsal space, particularly the dorsal and plantar fasciae and metatarsal transverse ligament (DMTL). The macrosections were prepared for microscopic analysis. Ten Civinini-Morton neuromas obtained from surgery were also analysed. Magnetic resonance images (MRIs) from 40 patients and 29 controls were compared. Dissections showed that the width of the inter-metatarsal space is established by two fibrous structures: the dorsal foot fascia and the DMTL, which, together, connect the metatarsal bones and resist their splaying. Interosseous muscles spread out into the dorsal fascia of the foot, defining its basal tension. The common digital plantar nerve (CDPN) is encased in concentric layers of fibrous and loose connective tissue, continuous with the vascular sheath and deep foot fascia. Outside this sheath, fibroelastic septa, from DMTL to plantar fascia, and little fat lobules are present, further protecting the nerve against compressive stress. The MRI study revealed high inter-individual variability in the forefoot structures, although only the thickness of the dorsal fascia represented a statistically significant difference between cases and controls. It was hypothesized that alterations in foot support and altered biomechanics act on the interosseous muscles, increasing the stiffness of the dorsal fascia, particularly at the points where these muscles are inserted. Chronic rigidity of this fascia increases the stiffness of the inter-metatarsal space, leading to entrapment of the CDPN. PMID:26467241

  15. The Trail Inventory of Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge [Cycle 1

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all nonmotorized trails on Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this...

  16. Treatment of Morton Neuroma with Botulinum Toxin A: A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Climent, José M.; Mondéjar-Gómez, Francisco; Rodríguez-Ruiz, Carmen; Díaz-Llopis, Ismael; Gómez-Gallego, Diego; Martín-Medina, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objective Morton neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia of neuropathic origin. Systematic reviews suggest that insufficient studies have been performed on the efficacy of the different treatments available. OnabotulinumtoxinA has shown a degree of usefulness in other conditions associated with neuropathic pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of onabotulinumtoxinA in Morton neuroma. Patients and Methods We present an open-label, pilot stud...

  17. Gould on Morton, Redux: What can the debate reveal about the limits of data?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Jonathan Michael; Pigliucci, Massimo; Banta, Joshua Alexander

    2015-08-01

    Lewis et al. (2011) attempted to restore the reputation of Samuel George Morton, a 19th century physician who reported on the skull sizes of different folk-races. Whereas Gould (1978) claimed that Morton's conclusions were invalid because they reflected unconscious bias, Lewis et al. alleged that Morton's findings were, in fact, supported, and Gould's analysis biased. We take strong exception to Lewis et al.'s thesis that Morton was "right." We maintain that Gould was right to reject Morton's analysis as inappropriate and misleading, but wrong to believe that a more appropriate analysis was available. Lewis et al. fail to recognize that there is, given the dataset available, no appropriate way to answer any of the plausibly interesting questions about the "populations" in question (which in many cases are not populations in any biologically meaningful sense). We challenge the premise shared by both Gould and Lewis et al. that Morton's confused data can be used to draw any meaningful conclusions. This, we argue, reveals the importance of properly focusing on the questions asked, rather than more narrowly on the data gathered. PMID:25666493

  18. Charles Darwin in the Andes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizzo, Nelio; Bizzo, Luis Eduardo Maestrelli

    2006-01-01

    Considering geological time as an important epistemological obstacle to the construction of ideas on biological evolution, a study was carried out on the so-called "Darwin Papers". The conclusion was that Charles Darwin's excursion in the Andes during March-April 1835 was a crucial step in this regard. An expedition was carried out in March-April…

  19. Charles Darwin as a Celebrity

    OpenAIRE

    Browne, Janet E

    2003-01-01

    Several recent works in sociology examine the manufacture of public identities through the notion of celebrity. This paper explores the imagery of Charles Darwin as a nineteenth-century scientific celebrity by comparing the public character deliberately manufactured by Darwin and his friends with images constructed by the public as represented here by caricatures in humorous magazines of the era. It is argued that Darwin’s outward persona drew on a subtle tension between public and private. T...

  20. Charles Darwin’s Mitochondria

    OpenAIRE

    Hayman, John

    2013-01-01

    Charles Darwin’s long-term illness has been the subject of much speculation. His numerous symptoms have led to conclusions that his illness was essentially psychogenic in nature. These diagnoses have never been fully convincing, however, particularly in regard to the proposed underlying psychological background causes of the illness. Similarly, two proposed somatic causes of illness, Chagas disease and arsenic poisoning, lack credibility and appear inconsistent with the lifetime history of th...

  1. Postoperative MR imaging of the foot and ankle: tendon repair, ligament repair, and Morton's neuroma resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanetti, Marco; Saupe, Nadja; Espinosa, Norman

    2010-09-01

    This review article describes the postoperative magnetic resonance (MR) findings relating to surgery after tendon repair, ligament repair, and Morton's neuroma resection. The normal postoperative tendon is commonly thickened, showing signal changes that are most pronounced 3 to 6 months after surgery. Two years after tendon suture, the signal intensity should be low on T2-weighted images. The focus of the postoperative MR imaging after ankle repair is to detect the normal condition after the various surgical procedures (e.g., Broström, Watson-Jones, Evans, or Chrisman-Snook). The repaired ligament has to be visible, low signal intense on T2-weighted MR images, and the shape should be homogeneous. A high rate (26%) of so-called Morton's neuroma recurrences is seen in asymptomatic individuals after Morton's neuroma resection. Postoperatively, intermetatarsal bursitis MR abnormalities are more commonly encountered in symptomatic intermetatarsal spaces than in asymptomatic intermetatarsal spaces. PMID:20539960

  2. 33 CFR 207.10 - Charles River, Mass.; dam of Charles River Basin Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Charles River, Mass.; dam of Charles River Basin Commission. 207.10 Section 207.10 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 207.10 Charles River, Mass.; dam...

  3. The Lake Charles CCS Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doug Cathro

    2010-06-30

    The Lake Charles CCS Project is a large-scale industrial carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) project which will demonstrate advanced technologies that capture and sequester carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions from industrial sources into underground formations. Specifically the Lake Charles CCS Project will accelerate commercialization of large-scale CO{sub 2} storage from industrial sources by leveraging synergy between a proposed petroleum coke to chemicals plant (the LCC Gasification Project) and the largest integrated anthropogenic CO{sub 2} capture, transport, and monitored sequestration program in the U.S. Gulf Coast Region. The Lake Charles CCS Project will promote the expansion of EOR in Texas and Louisiana and supply greater energy security by expanding domestic energy supplies. The capture, compression, pipeline, injection, and monitoring infrastructure will continue to sequester CO{sub 2} for many years after the completion of the term of the DOE agreement. The objectives of this project are expected to be fulfilled by working through two distinct phases. The overall objective of Phase 1 was to develop a fully definitive project basis for a competitive Renewal Application process to proceed into Phase 2 - Design, Construction and Operations. Phase 1 includes the studies attached hereto that will establish: the engineering design basis for the capture, compression and transportation of CO{sub 2} from the LCC Gasification Project, and the criteria and specifications for a monitoring, verification and accounting (MVA) plan at the Hastings oil field in Texas. The overall objective of Phase 2, provided a successful competitive down-selection, is to execute design, construction and operations of three capital projects: (1) the CO{sub 2} capture and compression equipment, (2) a Connector Pipeline from the LLC Gasification Project to the Green Pipeline owned by Denbury and an affiliate of Denbury, and (3) a comprehensive MVA system at the Hastings oil field.

  4. Charles Darwin and John Herschel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Warner

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The influence of John Herschel on the philosophical thoughts
    of Charles Darwin, both through the former’s book, Natural
    Philosophy, and through their meeting in 1836 at the Cape of Good
    Hope, is discussed. With Herschel having himself speculated on
    evolution just a few months before he met Darwin, it is probable that
    he stimulated at least the beginnings of the latter’s lifelong work on
    the subject.

  5. Clinical misdiagnosis of Morton's Neuroma: a case of early rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, C. J.; Otter, S.J.; Bowen, C.J.

    2003-01-01

    A fit and apparently healthy male patient presents with symptoms and clinical signs consistent with a Morton's neuroma. Following excisional surgery, histopathology confirms the lesion as a rheumatoid nodule; this proves to be the presenting feature of rheumatoid arthritis in this patient. This is a very unusual differential diagnosis, which should be considered during the assessment process and is, therefore, highly pertinent to clinicians.

  6. 77 FR 27085 - TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of Negative Determination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-08

    ... Determination was published in the Federal Register on March 6, 2012 (77 FR 13355). Pursuant to 29 CFR 90.18(c... Employment and Training Administration TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek Division, Morton, WA; Notice of... (TAA), applicable to workers and former workers of TMI Forest Products, Inc., Crane Creek...

  7. Neurectomy for Bilateral Morton's Neuroma A Case Report of a Male Patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, Terufumi; Yoshimura, Ichiro; Kanazawa, Kazuki; Hagio, Tomonobu; Minokawa, So; Nagatomo, Masaya; Naito, Masatoshi

    2016-05-01

    Morton's neuroma is a common condition that mainly affects middle-aged women, and many articles have addressed the surgical treatment of this condition. Previous reports have described bilateral neuroma excision in women but not in men. We report a rare case of bilateral neuromas in a male patient treated with simultaneous neurectomy. PMID:27269979

  8. Manual therapy in the management of a patient with a symptomatic Morton's Neuroma: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sault, Josiah D; Morris, Matthew V; Jayaseelan, Dhinu J; Emerson-Kavchak, Alicia J

    2016-02-01

    Patients with Morton's neuroma are rarely referred to physical therapy. This case reports the resolution of pain, increase in local pressure pain thresholds, and improvement of scores on the Lower Extremity Functional Scale and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure following a course of joint based manual therapy for a patient who had failed standard conservative medical treatment. PMID:25920337

  9. Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets alumnus Shane Morton named North Carolina game Hokie Hero

    OpenAIRE

    Cox, Carrie

    2010-01-01

    Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets alumnus Cmdr. Shane Morton, U.S. Navy, who earned a degree in history from the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences in 1995 has been selected as the Hokie Hero for the Virginia Tech versus University of North Carolina game.

  10. Charles Peyrou: 1918-2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Charles Peyrou, who was one of the outstanding personalities at CERN for thirty years, passed away on 6 April 2003. Born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie (France) on 18 May 1918, Charles Peyrou studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, where he attended the first class given by Louis Leprince-Ringuet in 1936. Here, he was part of the small group of enthusiastic physicists who took part in the first cosmic ray experiments. In 1938, the group built its first chamber, a large Wilson chamber in a magnetic field, operating with Geiger counters. After the war, following his appointment as chief engineer of one of the large national technical institutes known as the Corps de l'Etat, he was detached to his old laboratory to resume research on cosmic rays, and a system of two superimposed cloud chambers was set up at the Pic du Midi. This device proved very effective in the study of the strange particles that were starting to be detected at that time. Here, for example, the disintegration of the K meson into a muon and a neutrino wa...

  11. Final environmental statement related to the United Nuclear Corporation, Morton Ranch, Wyoming Uranium Mill (Converse County, Wyoming)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Impacts from Morton Ranch Uranium Mill will result in: alterations of up to 270 acres occupied by the mill facilities; increase in the existing background radiation levels; socioeconomic effects on Glenrock and Douglas, Wyoming. Solid waste material (tailings solids) from the mill will be deposited onsite in exhausted surface mine pits. Any license issued for the Morton Ranch mill will be subject to conditions for the protection of the environment

  12. Final environmental statement related to the United Nuclear Corporation, Morton Ranch, Wyoming Uranium Mill (Converse County, Wyoming)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-02-01

    Impacts from Morton Ranch Uranium Mill will result in: alterations of up to 270 acres occupied by the mill facilities; increase in the existing background radiation levels; socioeconomic effects on Glenrock and Douglas, Wyoming. Solid waste material (tailings solids) from the mill will be deposited onsite in exhausted surface mine pits. Any license issued for the Morton Ranch mill will be subject to conditions for the protection of the environment.

  13. Varing Charles de Gaulle'i lennujaamas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    24. V 2004. a. varises kokku Pariisi Charles de Gaulle'i lennujaama ootesaali 45 meetri pikkune lõik. Lennujaama uusim terminal 2E avati 25. VI 2003. a. Lennujaama, k. a. terminali projekteeris prantsuse arhitekt Paul Andreu

  14. Charles Kennedy 1923-1997: An Appreciation

    OpenAIRE

    A.P. THIRLWALL

    1998-01-01

    Charles Kennedy, Honorary Professor of Economic Theory at the University of Kent at Canterbury, died from a pulmonary haemorrhage at his home on 4th November 1997, aged 74. This paper is an appreciation of his life and work.

  15. Bootstrap Results From the State Space From Representation of the Heath-Jarrow-Morton Model

    OpenAIRE

    Ram Bhar; Carl Chiarella

    1996-01-01

    This paper builds upon the authors' previous work on transformation of the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) model of the term structure of interest rates to state space form for a fairly general class of volatility specification including stochastic variables. Estimation of this volatility function is at the heart of the identification of the HJM model. The paper develops a bootstrap procedure for the HJM model cast into the non-linear filtering framework to analyse the statistical significance of t...

  16. Effects of weathering on the UPb ages of zircon from the Morton Gneiss, Minnesota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, T.W.; Goldich, S.S.; Newell, M.F.

    1966-01-01

    Weathering has caused large losses of lead from the zircon in the residual clay derived from the Morton Gneiss of southwestern Minnesota, drastically reducing the 206Pb/238U and the 207Pb/235U ages. The 207Pb/206Pb age probably has not been significantly affected. Loss of lead by leaching during weathering has not been adequately considered in explanation of discordant ages of zircon. ?? 1966.

  17. Ultrasound versus magnetic resonance imaging for Morton neuroma: systematic review and meta-analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. Studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of US and MRI for Morton's neuroma were retrieved from major medical libraries independently by two reviewers up to 1 April 2014. Predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were adopted. 277 studies were initially found, and the meta-analysis was conducted on 14 studies. US sensitivity was studied in five studies, MRI sensitivity in three studies, and both in six studies. All studies used surgery as the reference standard. A high sensitivity (SE) of diagnostic testing was observed for both US (SE (95 % CI) = 0.91 (0.83-0.96)) and MRI (SE (95 % CI) = 0.90 (0.82-0.96)) with no significant differences between the two modalities in diagnosis (Q test p = 0.88). For MRI, specificity of test was 1.00 with a pooled estimation of 1.00 (0.73-1.00), while the pooled specificity was 0.854 (95 % CI: 0.41-1.00) for US. No differences were observed between US and MRI in study design (p = 0.76). This meta-analysis shows that the SE of US (0.91) is equal to (p = 0.88) that of MRI (0.90) for identification of Morton's neuroma. (orig.)

  18. Ultrasound versus magnetic resonance imaging for Morton neuroma: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bignotti, Bianca; Martinoli, Carlo [University of Genoa, Radiology Department, Genoa, Genova (Italy); Signori, Alessio; Sormani, Maria Pia [University of Genoa, Institute of Statistics, Department of Health Sciences, Genoa (Italy); Molfetta, Luigi [University of Genoa, Department of Neurosciences, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics (DINOGMI), Genoa (Italy); Tagliafico, Alberto [University of Genoa, Institute of Anatomy, Department of Experimental Medicine, Genoa (Italy)

    2015-08-15

    To compare ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. Studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of US and MRI for Morton's neuroma were retrieved from major medical libraries independently by two reviewers up to 1 April 2014. Predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were adopted. 277 studies were initially found, and the meta-analysis was conducted on 14 studies. US sensitivity was studied in five studies, MRI sensitivity in three studies, and both in six studies. All studies used surgery as the reference standard. A high sensitivity (SE) of diagnostic testing was observed for both US (SE (95 % CI) = 0.91 (0.83-0.96)) and MRI (SE (95 % CI) = 0.90 (0.82-0.96)) with no significant differences between the two modalities in diagnosis (Q test p = 0.88). For MRI, specificity of test was 1.00 with a pooled estimation of 1.00 (0.73-1.00), while the pooled specificity was 0.854 (95 % CI: 0.41-1.00) for US. No differences were observed between US and MRI in study design (p = 0.76). This meta-analysis shows that the SE of US (0.91) is equal to (p = 0.88) that of MRI (0.90) for identification of Morton's neuroma. (orig.)

  19. Charles Brenner: a practitioner's theorist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Lawrence

    2011-08-01

    To avoid certain errors in practice, Charles Brenner offered an holistic substitute for the Freudian structural model of the mind. He used the term compromise formation ambiguously to refer to both actions and states, so as to render unnecessary what he considered artificial, judgmental attitudes embodied in images of psychic structures. He believed that a theory of conflicting structures transforms the phenomenological drama of the patient's actual life-world into an artificial drama of contending intrapsychic parties that may reflect the analyst's values. According to Brenner, the meaning of life, with its desires, fears, and regrets, is structured forever in the first articulation of the family drama, and that is all the structure a practitioner should have in mind. In principle, the ambiguity of the term compromise formation allows for observed continuities in human life, and might have inspired an ambitious theoretician to exploit that option for an account of character, but that aspect of theory moves in a direction opposite to Brenner's practical mission. For the same practical reason Brenner refused to acknowledge gradations of mental operation, such as differences in maturity, or style or level of thinking, so the theory cannot say how change can take place, analytic or otherwise. These lacunae in theory were unblinkingly (if implicitly) accepted in pursuit of Brenner's goal, which was not to polish up theory but to cleanse the analyst's mind of concepts that subtly interfere with the essential nondirectiveness of treatment. His theoretical minimalism and exclusive concern with practical consequences can be recognized as a peculiarly North American attitude to psychoanalysis. PMID:21832122

  20. Charles Darwin, beetles and phylogenetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutel, Rolf G.; Friedrich, Frank; Leschen, Richard A. B.

    2009-11-01

    Here, we review Charles Darwin’s relation to beetles and developments in coleopteran systematics in the last two centuries. Darwin was an enthusiastic beetle collector. He used beetles to illustrate different evolutionary phenomena in his major works, and astonishingly, an entire sub-chapter is dedicated to beetles in “The Descent of Man”. During his voyage on the Beagle, Darwin was impressed by the high diversity of beetles in the tropics, and he remarked that, to his surprise, the majority of species were small and inconspicuous. However, despite his obvious interest in the group, he did not get involved in beetle taxonomy, and his theoretical work had little immediate impact on beetle classification. The development of taxonomy and classification in the late nineteenth and earlier twentieth century was mainly characterised by the exploration of new character systems (e.g. larval features and wing venation). In the mid-twentieth century, Hennig’s new methodology to group lineages by derived characters revolutionised systematics of Coleoptera and other organisms. As envisioned by Darwin and Ernst Haeckel, the new Hennigian approach enabled systematists to establish classifications truly reflecting evolution. Roy A. Crowson and Howard E. Hinton, who both made tremendous contributions to coleopterology, had an ambivalent attitude towards the Hennigian ideas. The Mickoleit school combined detailed anatomical work with a classical Hennigian character evaluation, with stepwise tree building, comparatively few characters and a priori polarity assessment without explicit use of the outgroup comparison method. The rise of cladistic methods in the 1970s had a strong impact on beetle systematics. Cladistic computer programs facilitated parsimony analyses of large data matrices, mostly morphological characters not requiring detailed anatomical investigations. Molecular studies on beetle phylogeny started in the 1990s with modest taxon sampling and limited DNA data

  1. Ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the management of interdigital (Morton's) neuroma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chuter, Graham S.J. [Darlington Memorial Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, Darlington, County Durham (United Kingdom); Chua, Yeok Pin [University of Malaya, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Connell, David A. [Monash University, Department of Medicine, Melbourne (Australia); Blackney, Mark C. [The Park Clinic, East Melbourne, VIC (Australia)

    2013-01-15

    To identify the benefits of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of Morton's neuroma as an alternative to surgical excision. We studied a consecutive cohort of surgical candidates for Morton's neurectomy who we referred, instead, for radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Under local anaesthetic, RFA was performed under ultrasound guidance, by a single radiologist. This out-patient procedure was repeated after 4 weeks if necessary. We followed patients for a minimum of 6 months to assess their change in visual analogue pain scores (VAS), symptom improvement, complications and progression to surgical excision. Thirty feet in 25 patients were studied. There were 4 men and 21 women with an average age of 55 years (range 33-73 years). All had tried previous methods of conservative management. Forty percent presented with 2nd space neuromas and 60% with 3rd space ones. The average number of treatment sessions was 1.6 (range 1-3, mode 1). Prior to treatment, all patients had pain on activity (VAS average: 6.0, range 3-9). Post-treatment there was a statistically significant reduction in pain scores (post-RFA VAS average: 1.7, range 0-8, p < 0.001). The average overall symptom improvement was 76%. There was one minor complication of temporary nerve irritation. Three neuromas (10%) have progressed to surgical excision; 1 patient has ongoing, unchanged pain with no obvious cause. At 6 months, 26 out of 30 feet had a satisfactory outcome. Ultrasound-guided RFA has successfully alleviated patients' symptoms of Morton's neuroma in >85% of cases. Only 10% have proceeded to surgical excision in the short term. (orig.)

  2. Creative Work: The Case of Charles Darwin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruber, Howard E.; Wallace, Doris B.

    2001-01-01

    Describes the evolving systems approach (ESA) to creative work, which emerged from a case study of Charles Darwin. Explains how the ESA differs from other approaches and describes various facets of creative work (networks of enterprise, uniqueness, insight, pluralism, and evolving belief systems and ensembles of metaphor). Emphasizes the…

  3. Charles H. Winston and Confederate Sulfuric Acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riethmiller, Steven

    1995-01-01

    Describes the invention and use of a sulfuric acid chamber by Charles Henry Winston during the Civil War. This invention helped supply munitions for the South. Winston, who was President of the Richmond Female Institute in Virginia, constructed the chamber at his farm and was granted a patent by the Confederate Patent Office in 1863. (PVD)

  4. Enduring Legacy? Charles Tilly and Durable Inequality

    OpenAIRE

    Voss, Kim

    2010-01-01

    This article assesses Charles Tilly’s Durable Inequality and traces its influence. In writing Durable Inequality, Tilly sought to shift the research agenda of stratification scholars. But the book’s initial impact was disappointing. In recent years, however, its influence has grown, suggesting a more enduring legacy.

  5. [Charles II of Spain, the bewitched].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerda L, Jaime

    2008-02-01

    The death of King Charles II, the Bewitched, ended two centuries of sovereignity of the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. Since his birth in 1661, he presented a peculiar set of physical, psychiatric and behavioral signs, such as respiratory and diarrheal diseases, recurrent seizures and deep developmental delay. It was not until his adulthood when his infertility became evident, being incapable of conceiving a heir, even though he married twice. Such a constellation of ominous signs motivated a curious investigation, which concluded that the king was hexed at the age of 14 years in order to take away his throne, his health and his capacity to procreate. Based on contemporary medical knowledge, it is possible that Charles IIhad a rare autosomal recessive inherited genopathy asa consequence of the frequent inbreeding among his ancestors. On the other hand, its is also possible that Charles II presented Klinefelter Syndrome, the most frequent sex chromosome disorder in humans and the most common cause of hypogonadism and infertility in males. The hypothesis that Charles II was bewitched reflects a deep belief in supernatural phenomena among the Castilian society at the beginning of the 18th century, an idea transmitted across generations, currently present in many societies worldwide. PMID:18483684

  6. Charles Maisonnier, the man and the friend

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article is a reconstruction of a speech delivered by the author on the occasion of a Memorial Service for Dr. Maisonnier held on 19 September at the Eglise Saint Anne, Brussels. Dr. Charles Maisonnier was one of the former leaders of ITER who made significant contributions to its development

  7. The Lost Acting Treatise of Charles Macklin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Barbara

    This paper examines the career of Charles Macklin of London, an 18th-century actor/director/teacher, whose treatise on his performative approach and pedagogical techniques, "On the Science of Acting," was lost at sea in a 1772 shipwreck. Citing two letters Macklin received from his actress daughter, Maria, and fragments of his own accounts as well…

  8. Ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the management of interdigital (Morton's) neuroma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To identify the benefits of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of Morton's neuroma as an alternative to surgical excision. We studied a consecutive cohort of surgical candidates for Morton's neurectomy who we referred, instead, for radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Under local anaesthetic, RFA was performed under ultrasound guidance, by a single radiologist. This out-patient procedure was repeated after 4 weeks if necessary. We followed patients for a minimum of 6 months to assess their change in visual analogue pain scores (VAS), symptom improvement, complications and progression to surgical excision. Thirty feet in 25 patients were studied. There were 4 men and 21 women with an average age of 55 years (range 33-73 years). All had tried previous methods of conservative management. Forty percent presented with 2nd space neuromas and 60% with 3rd space ones. The average number of treatment sessions was 1.6 (range 1-3, mode 1). Prior to treatment, all patients had pain on activity (VAS average: 6.0, range 3-9). Post-treatment there was a statistically significant reduction in pain scores (post-RFA VAS average: 1.7, range 0-8, p 85% of cases. Only 10% have proceeded to surgical excision in the short term. (orig.)

  9. Sensory nerve conduction in branches of common interdigital nerves: a new technique for normal controls and patients with morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uludag, Burhanettin; Tataroglu, Cengiz; Bademkiran, Fikret; Uludag, Irem Fatma; Ertekin, Cumhur

    2010-06-01

    In this article, a new electrodiagnostic approach is described for patients with Morton's neuroma. The new method is based on the anatomic fact that the two branches of the common plantar interdigital nerves innervate the lateral side of one toe and the medial side the next one. This study included 20 normal subjects (aged 28-58 years, 10 men and 10 women) and 4 patients with Morton's neuroma (aged 44-52 years, 4 women). The branches of adjacent common plantar interdigital nerves that innerve one toe were stimulated superficially and separately with half of one toe covered with a piece of medical tape. The recordings were obtained on the posterior tibial nerve at the medial malleolus with needle electrodes. Thus, the difference in latencies of obtained sensory nerve action potentials on the posterior tibial nerve with needle electrode was measured. From normal subjects' data, it was determined that a latency difference value of above 0.17 milliseconds (mean +/- 2.5 SD) in one toe was abnormal. All of the patients with Morton's neuroma showed abnormal interlatency difference values. This new method, which we have developed, is more sensitive, simple to use, does not require extra equipment, and does not cause excessive pain. We suggest that interlatency difference between branches of the common plantar interdigital nerves is a useful and sensitive method for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. PMID:20479659

  10. The accuracy of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma: a systematic review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To determine the accuracy of MRI versus ultrasound for Morton's neuroma. Materials and methods: A search was undertaken for clinical studies published in any language in PubMed up to the date of December 2013. Studies assessing the accuracy of the ultrasound or MRI for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma were included. Data were pooled for meta-analysis. Study selection, data collection, and extraction were performed independently by two authors. Meta-disc 1.4 and Revman 5.2 software were applied for statistical analysis. Results: The study included 12 studies; 217 patients underwent MRI and 241 underwent ultrasound examinations. There appeared greater diagnostic accuracy for ultrasound than MRI for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma (ultrasound sensitivity 90%, specificity 88%, positive likelihood ratio 2.77, negative likelihood ratio 0.16 versus MRI sensitivity 93%, specificity 68%, positive likelihood ratio 1.89, negative likelihood ratio 0.19). Conclusions: The available evidence suggests that ultrasound can provide better accuracy for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma than MRI

  11. Pricing Caps in the Heath, Jarrow and Morton Framework Using Monte Carlo Simulations in a Java Applet

    OpenAIRE

    Kalavrezos, Michail

    2007-01-01

    In this paper the Heath, Jarrow and Morton (HJM) framework is applied in the programming language Java for the estimation of the future spot rate. The subcase of an exponential model for the diffusion coefficient (volatility) is used for the pricing of interest rate derivatives (caps).

  12. Morton's Neuroma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... that there’s something in the shoe or a sock is bunched up The progression of a Morton’s ... the pressure on the nerve and decreasing the compression when walking. Icing. Placing an icepack on the ...

  13. Morton's Neuroma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... various parts of the body. The most common neuroma in the foot is a Morton’s neuroma, which occurs between the ... runners, according... Female Runners at Risk for Painful Neuromas The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) warns female runners that ...

  14. Charles Tilly as a Theorist of Nationalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, Rogers

    2010-12-01

    This paper considers Charles Tilly as an important but underappreciated theorist of nationalism. Tilly's theory of nationalism emerged from the "bellicist" strand of his earlier work on state-formation and later incorporated a concern with performance, stories, and cultural modeling. Yet despite the turn to culture in Tilly's later work, his theory of nationalism remained state-centered, materialist, and instrumentalist-a source of both its power and its limitations. PMID:21258439

  15. Charles Tilly as a Theorist of Nationalism

    OpenAIRE

    Brubaker, Rogers

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers Charles Tilly as an important but underappreciated theorist of nationalism. Tilly’s theory of nationalism emerged from the “bellicist” strand of his earlier work on state-formation and later incorporated a concern with performance, stories, and cultural modeling. Yet despite the turn to culture in Tilly’s later work, his theory of nationalism remained state-centered, materialist, and instrumentalist—a source of both its power and its limitations.

  16. The Scientific Metaphysics of Charles S. Peirce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bent; Thellefsen, Torkild Leo

    Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) was, perhaps, first and foremost a practising or experimental scientist. However, Peirce was also a philosopher, and to him the relation between science and metaphysics was intimate. Peirce not only wanted to develop a metaphysical system consistent with the importan...... contemporary relevance. The essays fall under the different headings of ontology, psychical or religious metaphysics, and, finally, physical metaphysics...

  17. Charles M. Breder, Jr.: Atlantis Expedition, 1934

    OpenAIRE

    Cantillo, A. Y.; Collins, E.; Leber, K. M.; Stover, S M

    2004-01-01

    Dr. Charles M. Breder participated on the 1934 expedition of the Atlantis from Woods Hole, Massachusetts to Panama and back and kept a field diary of daily activities. The Atlantis expedition of 1934, led by Prof. A. E. Parr, was a milestone in the history of scientific discovery in the Sargasso Sea and the West Indies. Although naturalists had visited the Sargasso Sea for many years, the Atlantis voyage was the first attempt to investigate in detailed quantitative manner biological problems ...

  18. Resume of Interview with Professor Charles Snow

    OpenAIRE

    Dorthe Døjbak Håkonsson

    2015-01-01

    This interview is with Professor Charles Snow. Snow is Professor Emeritus of Strategy and Organization at Penn State University. He was a professor at Penn State from 1974 to 2012. The interview was conducted in 2013 while he was visiting professor at ICOA (Interdisciplinary Center for Organizational Architecture) at Aarhus University. Professor Snow is a founding member of the Organizational Design Community and co-editor of the Journal of Organization Design. He is a Fellow of the Academy o...

  19. Charles Kenneth Thornhill (1917-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunning-Davies J.

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Dr. Charles Kenneth Thornhill, who died recently, was a proud, gritty Yorkshireman who, throughout his long life, genuinely remained true to himself. This led him into conflicts within the scientific community. The jury is still out on whether he was correct or not in his ideas but, be that as it may, all can learn a tremendous amount from the courage of this man in standing up for what he truly believed.

  20. Constructions of legitimacy: the Charles Taylor trial

    OpenAIRE

    Glasius, M.; Meijers, T.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the discourses of the prosecution and the defence in the case of Charles Taylor before the Special Court for Sierra Leone. It contributes to current debates about the legitimacy and utility of international criminal justice, which have tended to neglect the examination of actual trials, and particularly the role of the defence. We draw on the legal doctrine of ‘expressivism’ to theorize the connection between normative legitimacy, actual support and the utility of intern...

  1. Sonographic appearances of Morton's neuroma: differences from other interdigital soft tissue masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hee-Jin; Kim, Sam Soo; Rho, Myong-Ho; Hong, Hyun-Pyo; Lee, So-Yeon

    2011-08-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the ultrasonographic characteristics of Morton's neuroma (MNs) and the usefulness of the "ginkgo leaf sign" for differentiating MNs from other interdigital soft tissue masses. The inclusion criteria were 27 patients with the masses in the intertarsal region with surgical proof. Fourteen masses in the 10 patients (mean age, 46) were MNs and nine cases of nine patients were ganglion cysts, seven cases (seven patients) of epidermoid tumors and one case of fibroma were included. Ultrasonographic examinations were performed by a musculoskeletal radiologist using the HDI 5000 (Philips, Bothell, WA, USA) or the Logiq E9 (GE Medical Systems, Milwaukee, WI, USA) equipped with a linear 6-15 MHz probe, and the findings were interpreted in consensus by two musculoskeletal radiologists. The ultrasonographic findings such as margin, size, echogenicity and deepness of the MNs were compared with those for other interdigital soft tissue masses. The ginkgo leaf sign was defined as the appearance of a biconcave shape of the mass from compression by adjacent structures. The mean size of the MNs was 5.6 mm. There was a significant difference in incidence between males and females (female dominant, p = 0.003). There was no difference in incidence with regard to age (p = 0.259). All lesions were hypoechoic (100%, 14/14) and 10 cases exhibited the ginkgo leaf sign (71%, 10/14, p Morton's neuromas and more studies are needed to confirm its value as a sonographic sign. PMID:21683509

  2. Resume of Interview with Professor Charles Snow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorthe Døjbak Håkonsson

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This interview is with Professor Charles Snow. Snow is Professor Emeritus of Strategy and Organization at Penn State University. He was a professor at Penn State from 1974 to 2012. The interview was conducted in 2013 while he was visiting professor at ICOA (Interdisciplinary Center for Organizational Architecture at Aarhus University. Professor Snow is a founding member of the Organizational Design Community and co-editor of the Journal of Organization Design. He is a Fellow of the Academy of Management and is listed in Who’s Who in the Management Sciences and Great Writers on Organizations.

  3. Regenerative surgery of the complications with Morton's neuroma surgery: use of platelet rich plasma and hyaluronic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Angelis, Barbara; Lucarini, Lucilla; Orlandi, Fabrizio; Agovino, Annarita; Migner, Alessia; Cervelli, Valerio; Izzo, Valentina; Curcio, Cristiano

    2013-08-01

    Morton's neuroma is an entrapment neuropathy of the plantar digital nerve. We treated five patients with wound dehiscence and tendon exposure, after Morton's neuroma surgery excision using a dorsal approach. In this article we describe our technique. From July 2010 to August 2011, at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', five patients (four females and one male), with ages ranging between 35 and 52 years, were treated with a combination of PRP (platelet rich plasma) and HA (hyaluronic acid). Thirty days following surgery, all patients showed a complete healing of the wound. The use of this technique for the treatment of postoperative wound dehiscence and tendon exposure has proven as satisfactory. PMID:22694086

  4. [Anatomic danger of percutaneous section of the inter-metatarsal ligament for the treatment of Morton's neuroma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabié, F; Accadbled, F; Tricoire, J-L; Puget, J

    2007-11-01

    Certain authors have proposed percutaneous neurolysis of Morton's neuroma. We conducted a human anatomy study to assess the reliability and the iatrogenic effect of percutaneous section of the ligament. Percutaneous section of the inter-metatarsal ligament was performed on 16 fresh cadaver specimens via a dorsal approach. The plantar dissection demonstrated that the section was not complete, without associated lesion, in only six cases. Analyzing these failures, we determined the necessary procedure for correct section. PMID:18065883

  5. A Systematic Review of Ultrasound-Guided and Non Ultrasound-Guided Therapeutic Injections to treat Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Peter A; Monaghan, Gwendolyn A P; Richards, Simon

    2014-06-24

    Abstract BACKGROUND:Morton's neuroma is a frequently painful condition of the forefoot, causing sufferers to seek medical care to alleviate symptoms. A plethora of therapeutic options are available, some of which include injection therapies. Researchers have investigated injection therapy for Morton's neuroma, and latterly the evidence base has been augmented with methodologies which utilise diagnostic ultrasound (US) as a vehicle to deliver the injectate under image guidance for additional accuracy. There appears to date to be no consensus that US-guided injections provide better therapeutic outcomes than non US-guided (blind) injections for treatment of Morton's neuroma. METHODS:A systematic review was chosen, as this methodology can undertake such a process. The review process identified 13 key papers using pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, which then underwent methodological quality assessment using a pre-tested Quality Index. A narrative synthesis of the review findings was presented in light of the heterogeneity of the data from the extraction process. RESULTS:This systematic review provides an argument that ultrasound-guidance can produce better short- and long-term pain relief for corticosteroid injections, can reduce the need for additional procedures in a series of sclerosing alcohol injections, can reduce the surgical referral rate, and adds efficacy to a single injection. PMID:24960551

  6. Obituary: Charles Latif Hyder, 1930-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Oran Richard

    2004-12-01

    My friend and colleague, Charles Hyder, was a true physicist with a sound intuitive grasp of fundamentals in modern physics and the underlying mathematics. I admired his knowledge of the history of modern physics and quantum mechanics when we discussed contemporary problems in interpreting solar observations. He had the ability to present his ideas clearly and persuasively to both students and his colleagues. His insatiable curiosity about life in general led him to consider the effects of nuclear weapons development on the human race. Appreciation of the biological effects of radioactive materials produced in the course of weapons and power reactor development led him to a more public career beyond traditional research. Charles Hyder was born April 18, 1930 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He graduated from Albuquerque High School and served in the Air Force during the Korean War. He received a BS and MS in physics from the University of New Mexico (1958, 1960) and a PhD in astrogeophysics at the University of Colorado (1964). His positions included the Department of Astronomy and Institute of Geophysics at UCLA (1964-65), Sacramento Peak Solar Observatory (1965-1970) and the Goddard Space Flight Center (1970-1977). He also taught at the University of New Mexico (1970-1977) and was active on the Solar Maximum Mission science team (1970-1977, 1980-1984). He was married twice with both marriages ending in divorce. He and his first wife Ann had three children (Paul, Roxanne and Querida) and he and his second wife Laurie had a son Niels. Charles Hyder's professional career in solar physics began in 1961 during his graduate studies at the Department of AstroGeophysics of the University of Colorado and continued until 1983 when he chose to follow his convictions to expose the threat of nuclear proliferation. His early research was in the study of the quantum mechanics of polarized light produced in the presence of magnetic fields. Application of this work to interpretation

  7. Analysis of Female Characters of Charles Dickens' Novel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜

    2011-01-01

    By tagging different characters,Charles Dickens invented many distinct characters in his novels.Female charaters are a central of Charls Dickens literary works.They represent the unimportant and the weak in the British society in the 19th century.This ess

  8. Eneseotsingutee / Jean-Charles Hue ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hue, Jean-Charles, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis on 12. juunini 2011 vaadata prantsuse videokunstniku Jean-Charles Hue' näitus "Tattoo Fight" ("Tätorebimine"), kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstnikust, kelle emapoolsed sugulased on Prantsusmaa mustlased ehk yéniche'id. Jean-Charles Hue yéniche'itest, nende olukorrast Prantsusmaal, oma loomingust, pikemalt mustlaste teema käsitlemisest

  9. The outcome after using two different approaches for excision of Morton's neuroma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Adnan A Faraj; Acuth Hosur

    2010-01-01

    Background The choice for the surgical approach of interdigital neuroma in the foot is controversial.Plantar approach can leave a painful scar on weight bearing area; hence, some prefer dorsal approach.The aim of the current study was to measure the outcome of interdigital (Morton's) neurectomy performed by a single surgeon using dorsal and plantar approaches.Methods A retrospective review of the patient records of one orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeon identified thirty-six patients (42 feet) who had been treated operatively for a primary, persistently painful interdigital neuroma.The mean follow-up was 18 months.Pain, weight bearing, wound problems and rehabilitation period were studied.Results The duration to full weight bearing, return to work, driving and recreational activities were at least one week shorter in the dorsal group.The overall satisfaction for surgery was rated as excellent or good in 85% of the thirty six patients.Scar problems were more troublesome and common in the plantar group.There was residual numbness noticed in twenty feet, the pattern of numbness was quite variable and it was bothersome in only seven feet.There was one recurrence in the plantar group.Conclusions Resection of a symptomatic interdigital neuroma through a dorsal or a plantar approach can result in a good outcome.Dorsal approach, however, is associated with better rehabilitation and less scar problems.

  10. Diagnostic Accuracy of Clinical Tests for Morton's Neuroma Compared With Ultrasonography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahadevan, Devendra; Venkatesan, Muralidharan; Bhatt, Raj; Bhatia, Maneesh

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of 7 clinical tests for Morton's neuroma (MN) compared with ultrasonography (US). Forty patients (54 feet) were diagnosed with MN using predetermined clinical criteria. These patients were subsequently referred for US, which was performed by a single, experienced musculoskeletal radiologist. The clinical test results were compared against the US findings. MN was confirmed on US at the site of clinical diagnosis in 53 feet (98%). The operational characteristics of the clinical tests performed were as follows: thumb index finger squeeze (96% sensitivity, 96% accuracy), Mulder's click (61% sensitivity, 62% accuracy), foot squeeze (41% sensitivity, 41% accuracy), plantar percussion (37% sensitivity, 36% accuracy), dorsal percussion (33% sensitivity, 26% accuracy), and light touch and pin prick (26% sensitivity, 25% accuracy). No correlation was found between the size of MN on US and the positive clinical tests, except for Mulder's click. The size of MN was significantly larger in patients with a positive Mulder's click (10.9 versus 8.5 mm, p = .016). The clinical assessment was comparable to US in diagnosing MN. The thumb index finger squeeze test was the most sensitive screening test for the clinical diagnosis of MN. PMID:25432459

  11. Charles-Victor Langlois et Charles Seignobos, Introduction aux études historiques

    OpenAIRE

    Castellesi, Romain

    2014-01-01

    Positivistes, scientistes, fétichistes du document, généralistes : autant de qualificatifs utilisés par l’école des Annales, incarnées par un Lucien Febvre revanchard, et largement repris tout au long du XXe siècle pour critiquer les auteurs de L’Introduction aux études historiques, parue en 1898. L’intérêt nouveau suscité par l’ouvrage de Charles Seignobos et Charles-Victor Langlois signe t-il leur retour en grâce ? Dans sa préface inédite à cette nouvelle édition de l’ouvrage dans la toute ...

  12. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI: An essential health index for an ageing world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davidson Megan

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Existing instruments for measuring mobility are inadequate for accurately assessing older people across the broad spectrum of abilities. Like other indices that monitor critical aspects of health such as blood pressure tests, a mobility test for all older acute medical patients provides essential health data. We have developed and validated an instrument that captures essential information about the mobility status of older acute medical patients. Methods Items suitable for a new mobility instrument were generated from existing scales, patient interviews and focus groups with experts. 51 items were pilot tested on older acute medical inpatients. An interval-level unidimensional mobility measure was constructed using Rasch analysis. The final item set required minimal equipment and was quick and simple to administer. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI was validated on an independent sample of older acute medical inpatients and its clinimetric properties confirmed. Results The DEMMI is a 15 item unidimensional measure of mobility. Reliability (MDC90, validity and the minimally clinically important difference (MCID of the DEMMI were consistent across independent samples. The MDC90 and MCID were 9 and 10 points respectively (on the 100 point Rasch converted interval DEMMI scale. Conclusion The DEMMI provides clinicians and researchers with a valid interval-level method for accurately measuring and monitoring mobility levels of older acute medical patients. DEMMI validation studies are underway in other clinical settings and in the community. Given the ageing population and the importance of mobility for health and community participation, there has never been a greater need for this instrument.

  13. Charles Darwin (1809-1882: His Legacy to Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Gutiérrez*

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Amidst the celebration of the bicentennial of Charles Darwin’s birth, a brief profile of his life is presented, along with a critical appraisal of his works and its long-lasting influence on Psychology

  14. Charles Darwin (1809-1882): His Legacy to Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Germán Gutiérrez

    2009-01-01

    Amidst the celebration of the bicentennial of Charles Darwin’s birth, a brief profile of his life is presented, along with a critical appraisal of his works and its long-lasting influence on Psychology

  15. Evolutionary plant physiology: Charles Darwin's forgotten synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Niklas, Karl J.

    2009-11-01

    Charles Darwin dedicated more than 20 years of his life to a variety of investigations on higher plants (angiosperms). It has been implicitly assumed that these studies in the fields of descriptive botany and experimental plant physiology were carried out to corroborate his principle of descent with modification. However, Darwin’s son Francis, who was a professional plant biologist, pointed out that the interests of his father were both of a physiological and an evolutionary nature. In this article, we describe Darwin’s work on the physiology of higher plants from a modern perspective, with reference to the following topics: circumnutations, tropisms and the endogenous oscillator model; the evolutionary patterns of auxin action; the root-brain hypothesis; phloem structure and photosynthesis research; endosymbioses and growth-promoting bacteria; photomorphogenesis and phenotypic plasticity; basal metabolic rate, the Pfeffer-Kleiber relationship and metabolic optimality theory with respect to adaptive evolution; and developmental constraints versus functional equivalence in relationship to directional natural selection. Based on a review of these various fields of inquiry, we deduce the existence of a Darwinian (evolutionary) approach to plant physiology and define this emerging scientific discipline as the experimental study and theoretical analysis of the functions of green, sessile organisms from a phylogenetic perspective.

  16. Charles Darwin: um observador do desenvolvimento humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores traduzem, pela primeira vez para o português, o artigo de Charles Darwin "A Biographical Sketch of an Infant", publicado no periódico Mind em julho de 1877. Utilizando anotações de observações do desenvolvimento de seus filhos, especialmente de seu filho mais velho William Erasmus (Doddy, Darwin descreve e estuda, a partir de seu enfoque naturalista, o filhote humano, narrando os primeiros indicativos comportamentais de emoções tais como raiva e medo, curiosidade e senso moral, o brincar e o prazer envolvido nesta atividade, a capacidade de imitação e os primeiros indícios daquilo que hoje conhecemos como "teoria da mente". Colocando-se questões sobre as capacidades do bebê, como eles aprendem e como se comunicam e levantando hipóteses sobre possíveis significados de certos comportamentos, questões ainda hoje fundamentais para o estudo do desenvolvimento humano, Darwin mostra-se também um pioneiro no estudo do bebê e da criança pequena, numa época na qual as capacidades dos bebês eram extremamente subestimadas e desconsideradas.

  17. Charles Bachman Moore (1920-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winn, William; Krehbiel, Paul

    2011-02-01

    Charles B. Moore passed away 2 March 2010 at the age of 89, following a long and varied scientific career in meteorology and the atmospheric sciences. He will be remembered best for his substantial contributions in the field of atmospheric electricity and for the students and faculty he guided as chairman of Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research and professor of physics at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. He possessed a unique sense of humor and an excellent memory that served as a reservoir of scientific and historical knowledge. Like many of his generation, Charlie's career was profoundly influenced by the Second World War. Following Pearl Harbor, he interrupted his undergraduate studies in chemical engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology to enlist in the Army Air Corps, where he became the chief weather equipment officer in the 10th Weather Squadron, setting up and operating remote meteorological stations behind enemy lines in the China-Burma-India theater. He served with distinction alongside Athelstan Spilhaus Sr., who had been one of Charlie's instructors in the Army meteorology program.

  18. Reproducibility and validity of the Dutch translation of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) used by physiotherapists in older patients with knee or Hip osteoarthritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jans, M.P.; Slootweg, V.C.; Boot, C.R.; Morton, N.A. de; Sluis, G. van der; Meeteren, N.L. van

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine the reproducibility, construct validity, and unidimensionality of the Dutch translation of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI), a performance-based measure of mobility for older patients. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Rehabilitation center (reproducibility study) and

  19. Charles Taylor y la democracia republicana Charles Taylor and Republican Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENATO CRISTI

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone la teoría democrática de Charles Taylor. Taylor defiende una concepción tocquevilliana de la democracia que opone tanto al minimalismo democrático neoliberal, como al republicanismo democrático de Rousseau. Primero, consideramos su crítica a la democracia neoliberal y sus determinaciones conceptuales: atomismo, libertad negativa, procedimentalismo y bienes convergentes. Segundo, defiramos la "tesis republicana" de Taylor que presenta como la condición de posibilidad de una sociedad libre y autogobernada. Tercero, examinamos la desavenencia de Taylor con la homogeneización de intereses que el marxismo hereda de Rousseau. Finalmente, exploramos las posibilidades de aplicación de la teoría democrática de Taylor. Estudiamos su posible aplicación a dos economías en transición: Brasil y Chile.This paper examines Charles Taylor's democratic theory. Taylor defends a republican conception of democracy, which he opposes both to neoliberal democratic minimalism and to Rousseau and democratic republicanism. First, we consider his critique of neoliberal democracy and its conceptual determinations: atomism, negative freedom, proceduralism and. convergent goods. Second, we define Taylor's "republican thesis" which he presents as the condition of the possibility of agrees and self-governed society. Third, we study Taylor's disagreement with the homogenization of interests that Marxism inherits from Rousseau. Finally, we explore the possibility of applying Taylor's democratic theory. The case of Brazil and Chile are analyzed for this purpose.

  20. Identità e riconoscimento in Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Caputo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of the politic of difference, proposed by Charles Taylor, in the wake of a conception of liberalism ‘hospitable’, unfolds in a journey aimed to comply with the ontological dimensions of the dignity of different cultures, of cultural traditions and ways of life. Being a self, constructed in terms of dialogue and dialectic of mutual recognition between cultures, refers, in the Charles Taylor’s reflection, to the safeguarding of single, intersubjective or common meanings of specific social, moral, narrative spaces.

  1. An Asset Pricing Approach to Testing General Term Structure Models including Heath-Jarrow-Morton Specifications and Affine Subclasses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Bent Jesper; van der Wel, Michel

    techniques for a variety of volatility factors, and implement the relevant likelihood ratio tests. Our factor model estimates are similar across a general state space implementation and an alternative robust two-step principal components approach. The evidence favors time-varying market prices of risk. Most......We develop a new empirical approach to term structure analysis that allows testing for time-varying risk premia and for the absence of arbitrage opportunities based on the drift restriction within the Heath, Jarrow and Morton (1992) framework. As in the equity case, a zero intercept condition is...... tested, but in addition to the standard bilinear term in factor loadings and market prices of risk, the relevant mean restriction in the term structure case involves an additional nonlinear (quadratic) term in factor loadings. We estimate our general model using likelihood-based dynamic factor model...

  2. PORTER S FIVE FORCES MODEL SCOTT MORTON S FIVE FORCES MODEL BAKOS TREACY MODEL ANALYZES STRATEGIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indra Gamayanto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Wollongong City Council (WCC is one of the most progressive and innovative local government organizations in Australia. Wollongong City Council use Information Technology to gain the competitive advantage and to face a global economy in the future. Porter's Five Force model is one of the models that can be using at Wollongong City Council because porter's five Forces model has strength in relationship between buyer and suppliers (Bargaining power of suppliers and bargaining power of buyers. Other model such as Scott Morton's Five Forces model has strength to analyze the social impact factor, so to gain competitive advantage in the future and have a good IT/IS strategic planning; this model can be use also. Bakos & Treacy model almost the same as Porter's model but Bakos & Treacy model can also be applying into Wollongong City Council to improve the capability in Transforming organization, efficiency, and effectiveness.

  3. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of injected capsaicin for pain in Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Claudia M; Diamond, Eric; Schmidt, William K; Kelly, Margaret; Allen, Robert; Houghton, William; Brady, Kerrie L; Campbell, James N

    2016-06-01

    Intermetatarsal neuroma or Morton's neuroma is a painful condition of the foot resulting from an entrapment of the common digital nerve typically in the third intermetatarsal space. The pain can be severe and especially problematic with walking. Treatment options are limited and surgery may lead to permanent numbness in the toes. Capsaicin, the pungent ingredient of hot peppers, produces analgesia by inducing retraction of nociceptive afferents from the area of innervation and is effective in treating certain neuropathic pain disorders. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was conducted to test the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of a single 0.1 mg dose of capsaicin vs placebo injected into the region of the neuroma. A total of 58 subjects diagnosed with Morton's neuroma with foot pain ≥4 (0-10 numerical pain rating scale) were injected with 2 mL of lidocaine into the intermetatarsal space proximal to the neuroma to provide local anesthesia. After 5 minutes, 0.1 mg capsaicin or placebo was injected into the intermetatarsal space containing the painful neuroma. Average foot pain was rated for 2 weeks before through 4 weeks after injection. At weeks 1 and 4, the decrease in pain was significantly greater in the subjects treated with capsaicin (P = 0.021 and P = 0.019, respectively). A trend toward significance was noted at weeks 2 and 3. Improvements in functional interference scores and reductions in oral analgesic use were also seen in the capsaicin-treated group. These findings suggest that injection of capsaicin is an efficacious treatment option for patients with painful intermetatarsal neuroma. PMID:26963851

  4. What we learn and do not learn from Charles Darwin

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Poklopová, L.; Frouz, Jan

    České Budějovice : Institute of Soil Biology BC AS CR, 2009. s. 66. [Central European Workshop on Soil Zoology /10./. 21.04.2009-24.04.2009, České Budějovice] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : Charles Darwin * worms * soil formation Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  5. A Life in Language Testing: An Interview with Charles Stansfield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Daniel J.; Bowles, Melissa

    2008-01-01

    Dr. Charles W. Stansfield is widely recognized as one of the most important figures in contemporary language testing. He is respected and relied upon by leading language professionals in education, government agencies, academia, and the private sector. During his 40 years of working with languages, he has been a secondary school teacher of…

  6. G. Don Taylor named the Charles O. Gordon Professor

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2004-01-01

    G. Don Taylor, of Blacksburg, Va., professor and head of the Grado Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, was named the Charles O. Gordon Professor of Industrial Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors at its quarterly meeting Monday, Aug. 23.

  7. Charles AlIen Reed, 1912·2000

    OpenAIRE

    Turnball, William D.; Barbara Becker

    2002-01-01

    Some researchers are true "Renaissance People". Their interests, skills and training represent an enormous breadth,and their pursuits exemplify the best of interdisciplinary efforts. Archaeology, anthropology, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and The Field Museum recently lost just such a fine scholar, dedicated investigator and loyal friend - Charles Allen Reed 11.

  8. Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Distinguished Teaching of Psychology Award recognizes an outstanding career contribution to the teaching of psychology. The 2008 recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award is Scott Plous. A citation, biography, and selected bibliography for Scott Plous are provided in this article. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:18665671

  9. Marc Edwards named the Charles P. Lunsford Professor

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2004-01-01

    Marc Edwards, of Blacksburg, professor of civil and environmental engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, was named the Charles P. Lunsford Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors at its quarterly meeting Monday, Aug. 23.

  10. Astronaut Charles Conrad during visual acuity experiments over Laredo

    Science.gov (United States)

    1965-01-01

    Astronaut Charles Conrad Jr., pilot for the prime crew on the Gemini 5 space flight, takes pictures of predetermined land areas during visual acuity experiments over Laredo, Texas. The experiments will aid in learning to identify known terrestrial features under controlled conditions.

  11. Scientific Cousins: The Relationship between Charles Darwin and Francis Galton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancher, Raymond E.

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the personal as well as the intellectual and scientific relationship between Charles Darwin and his younger half-cousin Francis Galton. Although they had been on friendly terms as young men, and Darwin had in some ways been a role model for Galton, the two did not share major scientific interests until after the publication of…

  12. Näljane vaim : sihi otsimine kaasaegses maailmas / Charles Handy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Handy, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Kapitalistlik ühiskond ja raha on vahendid, mitte eesmärgid; eesmärgid peaks iga inimene püstitama endale ise, lähtuvalt oma sisetunnetusest. Lühendatud tõlge Charles Handy raamatust - "The Hungry Spirit Beyond Capitalism - a Quest of Purpose in the Modern World"

  13. Complete works of Charles-François Sturm

    CERN Document Server

    Pont, Jean-Claude

    2009-01-01

    Based on lectures presented at a colloquium held in Geneva in 2003 to honour the 200th birth anniversary of Charles Francois Sturm, this book focuses on his own work. It presents his collected papers and, carries contributions from experts with an aim to re-open topics like differential equations, optics and algebraic curves.

  14. A Wireless World: Charles County Public Schools Makes Wireless Universal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Richard

    2007-01-01

    Wireless connectivity in schools is all the rage, and many school systems have at least gotten their feet wet with a wireless lab or a few portable laptop carts. But Bijaya Devkota, the chief information officer of Charles County Public Schools, has done what many school systems only dream of--implemented universal wireless access throughout his…

  15. Educar na autenticidade em Charles Taylor = Educating in the authenticity in Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foschiera, Rogério

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Analiso a perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade através de uma hermenêutica de suas principais obras para propor o significado de educar na autencticidade a partir de Charles Taylor. Com autencidade e ontologia moral Taylor apresenta uma antropologia ancorada na moral e na ontologia. Com autencidade e epistemologia se percebe que a perspectiva da autencidade não exclui o paradigma científico, mas necessita de outros paradigmas, principalmente do hermenêutico. Com autencidade e linguagem evidencio a compreensão de Taylor sobre a natureza da linguagem e o destaque que ele dá á definição de ser humano como " animal portador de logos", bem como o significado e as decorrências da perspectiva expressivista. Duas políticas: a da igualdade de direitos de todos e a do reconhecimento das diferenças estão integradas na perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade. Necessariamente, o ser humano, para ser autêntico, estará em constante referência a horizontes de sentido que transcendem o indivíduo, é o que apresento com autencidade e transcendência

  16. Charles Darwin and the 1835 earthquake at Concepcion, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spall, H.

    1981-01-01

    On a stormy night in October 1836, H.M.S Beagle hove to and dropped anchor at Falmouth, a remote harbor in southwest England. Charles Darwin, the ship's naturalist, came ashore to take the mail coach to Shrewsbury. This was inauspicious end to an epic 5-year voyage around the coast of South America, the results of which were to have a tumultuous impact on scientific thought that has lasted to this day. 

  17. Astronaut Charles Duke photographed collecting lunar samples at Station 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    Astronaut Charles M. Duke Jr., lunar module pilot of the Apollo 16 lunar landing mission, is photographed collecting lunar samples at Station no. 1 during the first Apollo 16 extravehicular activity at the Descartes landing site. This picture, looking eastward, was taken by Astronaut John W. Young, commander. Duke is standing at the rim of Plum crater, which is 40 meters in diameter and 10 meters deep. The parked Lunar Roving Vehicle can be seen in the left background.

  18. Conmemoración de Charles Darwin (1882

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Mantegazza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tres semanas después de la muerte del biólogo y naturalista inglés, Paolo Mantegazza pronunció el 21 de mayo de 1882 su "Conmemoración de Charles Darwin celebrada en el Real Instituto de Estudios Superiores en Florencia". Traducción de Juan Pérez Andrés.

  19. Astronaut Charles Conrad checks out Human Vestibular Function experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    Astronaut Charles Conrad Jr., commander of the first manned Skylab mission, checks out the Human Vestibular Function, Experiment M131, during Skylab training at JSC. Conrad is in the work and experiments compartment of the crew quarters of the Skylab Orbital Workshop (OWS) trainer at JSC. The reference sphere with a magnetic rod is used by the astronaut to indicate body orientation non-visually. The litter chair in which he is seated can be rotated by a motor at its base or, when not being rotated, can tilt forward, backward or to either side.

  20. Chapter Four: Turning History into Art – Charles the First

    OpenAIRE

    Mulhallen, Jacqueline

    2013-01-01

    Shelley began writing Charles the First in January 1822, but at his death he had completed only scenes for a first act, an outline sketch for a second and many notes, jottings and stray lines. As he had not worked on it in the months preceding his death, there is a view that he would not have completed it even had he lived. This view undermines the importance of this project, which he had been researching since 1818, and his competence as a dramatist is challenged by the idea that it may have...

  1. Charles Lamb's R eminiscences in “South-Sea House”

    OpenAIRE

    Dr . Himanshu A . Sriv as t a v a

    2011-01-01

    Charles Lamb has rightly been called “The Prince of English Essayist.” Lamb was one of the most autobiographical ofthe English essayists and his essays at every step reflect his nobility of soul, his good nature and his charity. Essaysof Elia reconstructs the whole of his life from the beginning to the end. The South-Sea House, from the essays ofElia is an autobiographical essay which presents the glorious past of South-Sea House Company and its ingloriousend. He vividly describes his co-work...

  2. CHARLES R. DARWIN Y EL DESARROLLO DE LA CREATIVIDAD (

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Garnier Ximena

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Los 200 años del nacimiento de Charles R. Darwin y los 150 años de la publicación de su libro “El origen de las especies” recuerdan la importancia de la creatividad y de comprender cómo se desarrolla. En este ensayo, analizo la autobiografía de Charles Darwin y concluyo que la creatividad en su vida surgió por interacción entre cualidades personales y una serie de circunstancias. En el análisis, sobresalen elementos que incluyen curiosidad, crecer cerca de la naturaleza, gusto por la lectura y el aprendizaje autónomo, la presencia de buenos mentores, disciplina, experiencia en los métodos de trabajo científico, disposición para establecer una red de científicos, y pasión por lo que se hace. Estos fueron elementos clave para su impacto en biología, geología, psicología, filosofía e incluso en nuestra percepción general del mundo. Se hacen reflexiones para educadores con la intención de promover el desarrollo de la creatividad en nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes.Abstract:The 200th anniversary of Charles R. Darwin´s birth and the 150th of the publication of his “Origin of Species” remind us of the importance of creativity, and of understanding its development. In this essay, I analyze the autobiography of Charles Darwin and conclude that his creativity resulted from a series of personal qualities and circumstances. The key elements I found include curiosity, growing near nature, passion for reading and for autonomous learning, the role of good mentors, discipline, a disposition to establish a network with other scientists, experience with scientific methods, and passion for what he did. The presence of these elements in his life resulted in his transforming biology, geology, psychology, philosophy, and even our general perception of the world. Reflections for educators are presented with the intention of promoting the development of creativity in our children and youth.

  3. Estudo retrospectivo do tratamento cirúrgico do neuroma de morton por via plantar Retrospective study of surgery treatment im monrton's neuroma by plantar approach

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Gennari Barbosa; Gustavo Maluf Tiradentes; Helencar Ignácio; Guaracy de Carvalho Filho; Alceu Gomes Chueire

    2005-01-01

    Com o propósito de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica - neurectomia por via plantar -, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 19 pacientes foram submetidos a esse tratamento. Portanto, foram 19 neuromas, sendo 84,3% do sexo feminino, 15,7% do sexo masculino; 31,5% no segundo espaço intermetatarsal, 68,5% no terceiro; 47,3% no lado direito e 52,7% no esquerdo. A cirurgia foi realizada por via plantar em todos os casos, com tempo médio de acompanhamento de 9 meses, e o resultado foi considera...

  4. Therapeutic Strategies for Human IgM Antibodies Directed at Tumor-Associated Ganglioside Antigens: Discoveries Made During the Morton Era and Future Directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Peter C; Irie, Reiko F

    2016-01-01

    Tumor-associated gangliosides have been investigated for their potential as antigenic targets for more than 35 years, culminating in the recent Food and Drug Administration approval of dinutuximab (Unituxin), an IgG antibody targeted against GD2, for the treatment of neuroblastoma in children. This review is focused on discoveries and development of therapeutic approaches involving human IgM antibodies directed against gangliosides, which occurred over the past 40 years at University of California-Los Angeles and the John Wayne Cancer Institute, where Dr. Donald Morton led the surgical oncology department until his death. PMID:27481004

  5. Advertising eugenics: Charles M. Goethe's campaign to improve the race.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenl, William; Peck, Danielle

    2010-06-01

    Over the last several decades historians have shown that the eugenics movement appealed to an extraordinarily wide constituency. Far from being the brainchild of the members of any one particular political ideology, eugenics made sense to a diverse range of Americans and was promoted by professionals ranging from geneticists and physicians to politicians and economists.(1) Seduced by promises of permanent fixes to national problems, and attracted to the idea of a scientifically legitimate form of social activism, eugenics quickly grew in popularity during the first decades of the twentieth century. Charles M. Goethe, the land developer, entrepreneur, conservationist and skilled advertiser who founded the Eugenics Society of Northern California, exemplifies the broad appeal of the eugenics movement. Goethe played an active role within the American eugenics movement at its peak in the 1920s. The last president of the Eugenics Research Association,(2) he also campaigned hard against Mexican immigration to the US and he continued open support for the Nazi regime's eugenic practices into the later 1930s.(3) This article examines Goethe's eugenic vision and, drawing on his correspondence with the leading geneticist Charles Davenport, explores the relationship between academic and non-academic advocates of eugenics in America. PMID:20510454

  6. CHARLES R. DARWIN Y EL DESARROLLO DE LA CREATIVIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Miranda Garnier

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Los 200 años del nacimiento de Charles R. Darwin y los 150 años de la publicación de su libro "El origen de las especies" recuerdan la importancia de la creatividad y de comprender cómo se desarrolla. En este ensayo, analizo la autobiografía de Charles Darwin y concluyo que la creatividad en su vida surgió por interacción entre cualidades personales y una serie de circunstancias. En el análisis, sobresalen elementos que incluyen curiosidad, crecer cerca de la naturaleza, gusto por la lectura y el aprendizaje autónomo, la presencia de buenos mentores, disciplina, experiencia en los métodos de trabajo científico, disposición para establecer una red de científicos, y pasión por lo que se hace. Estos fueron elementos clave para su impacto en biología, geología, psicología, filosofía e incluso en nuestra percepción general del mundo. Se hacen reflexiones para educadores con la intención de promover el desarrollo de la creatividad en nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes.

  7. Environmental Education in the Galapagos: 2007 Report to the Charles Darwin Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepath, Carl M.

    2007-01-01

    Background: "Environmental education in the Galapagos: 2007 report to the Charles Darwin Foundation" is a report to the Charles Darwin Foundation (CDF) about the researchers observations about the status of environmental education in the Galapagos in 2006 and 2007. Purpose: This paper reports on environmental education in the Galapagos islands,…

  8. 76 FR 24007 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and... Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration (ICCS) Program. The Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project (Lake Charles CCS Project) would demonstrate: (1) advanced technologies that capture...

  9. 78 FR 28205 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and... Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project Draft ] Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0464D... the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project, which would be constructed and operated...

  10. Charles Hard Townes: Remarkable Scientist and Inspiring Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, P. F.

    2016-05-01

    Charles Townes is renowned for his work elucidating the structure of molecules through microwave spectroscopy and for his invention of the maser and the laser. He also had a lifelong interest in astronomy, and in the later portion of his remarkable and long career devoted himself to astronomical research, pioneering the study of molecules in interstellar space and the development of infrared spectroscopy, first from the ground and then from airborne facilities. His interest in high angular resolution, as well as high spectral resolution observations, led to development of the first infrared spatial interferometer employing coherent signal processing techniques. In this short review I will only touch on some of Townes' many scientific contributions, concentrating on astronomy, and will also give some personal thoughts about how he inspired students in their research, helping to make the "Townes Group" at the University of California, Berkeley, an ideal environment in which to start a career in research.

  11. Neuropsychology of the Emotions: The Charles Darwin contribution

    OpenAIRE

    Yuranny Helena Rojas Garzón; Andrey Velasquez

    2009-01-01

    Fragmento.....Charles Darwin es un gran teórico de la biología y referente inevitable de la “Teoría de la Evolución” expuesta en 1859 en su libro “El Origen de las Especies”, el cual revolucionó el campo científico de la mayoría de disciplinas de aquel entonces. Después de la publicación de su libro “El Origen de las Especies”, un año posterior publica otra obra titulada “Expresión de las Emociones en los Animales y en el Hombre”, libro que se abordará a partir de la elaboración de una reseña...

  12. Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, and Isaac Pulvermacher's "magic band".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waits, Robert K

    2013-01-01

    Around 1850, Isaac L. Pulvermacher (1815-1884) joined the ranks of so-called "galvanists" who had, for nearly a century, been touting the shocks and sparks of electricity as a miracle cure for all ills, including neurological complaints such as palsy and hemiplegia. The famed authors, Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880), in France, and Charles Dickens (1812-1870), in England, although contemporaries, apparently never met or corresponded. But during their lives, they both became aware of Pulvermacher and his patented Hydro-Electric Chains, claimed to impart vigor and cure nearly every complaint. Pulvermacher's chains made a cameo appearance in Madame Bovary (1857), Flaubert's controversial (and most successful) novel. Among Dickens's last letters (1870) was an order for I. L. Pulvermacher and Company's "magic band." Since the Victorian age, electrical and magnetic cures, for better or worse, continue to be products of both the medical profession and quackery. PMID:24290267

  13. On the humanism in Charles Dickens' David Copperfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董莉

    2008-01-01

    Charles Dickens was the main representative of English realist in nineteenth century.He was one of the vast host of Victorian novelists.He saw astonishing changes:during his lifetime Britain was transformed from a predominantly rural economy to a major industrial power.Transport,mass communications,education,legal and parliamentary structures.He created fourteen novels in his life.Dickens's activities and creation in his lifetime always kept step with trend of the times.In his works he devoted himself to disclose bourgeoisie's greed and cruelty,and at the same he expressed the deep sympathy with workers and farmers,especially women and children.Dickens considered humanism as the main idea throughout all his works,he eulogized genuineness,goodness,and happiness of human nature.He also hankered a more rationalization society and a more wonderful life.

  14. Charles bonnet syndrome, management with simple behavioral technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baba Awoye Issa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome occurs in visually impaired but cognitively normal individuals. This report describes a condition of vivid visual hallucination (phantom images in an 85-year-old conscious man, who had been blind by bilateral progressively worsening glaucoma. This common, but rarely reported, condition was managed by behavioral approach of repeated blinking, intermittent eyes closure, and reassurance. While emotional, mood and cognitive disorders need to be ruled out, the condition, though frightening to the afflicted, is benign and remediable with simple, inexpensive approach. Health workers managing people with terminal blindness should always ask for the presence of hallucinations from their patients to forestall a preventable distress resulting from wrong perception without visual stimulus.

  15. Charles River lower basin artificial destratification project. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferullo, A.F.; DiPietro, P.J.; Shaughnessy, R.J.

    1981-06-01

    The Charles River Basin which was created by construction of a dam in 1910 has been stratified since that time with salt water intruding from Boston Harbor through a boat lock and leaky sluices. In order to eliminate nuisance conditions and fish kills caused by hydrogen sulfide from the anoxic bottom water, destratification by air-mixing was initiated in the spring of 1978. Six diffusers were installed on the bottom in the deep sections of the Basin and operated as necessary to induce sufficient circulation to maintain a minimum of 4.0 mg/1 dissolved oxygen throughout the water column. After two and a half years of operation, hydrogen sulfide has been eliminated and water quality has generally improved in the area of the Basin influenced by the diffusers.

  16. Charles Robert Darwin and Argentina's National Academy of Sciences Charles Robert Darwin y la Academia Nacional de Ciencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro José Depetris

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Over 175 years ago Charles Robert Darwin arrived in Argentina to find a bare and boundless plain, the brave centaur called "gaucho", Quaternary fossils everywhere, and a society strikingly strange and aggressive to the British eyes of the young traveller. Although the voyage aboard HMS Beagle was the indispensable way towards increasing his stature as a biologist, Lyell's work awakened an inquisitive geological mind which allowed him to wonder at the splendour of the Andes. Forty-two years after having concluded his voyage on the Beagle, the National Academy of Sciences of Argentina appointed him as an Honorary Member. This must be interpreted as an early gesture of recognition -in the context of those times- to the magnificence of his scientific work.Hace más de 175 años, Charles Robert Darwin llegaba a la Argentina para descubrir una llanura desprovista de límites y de árboles, el valeroso centauro que era el gaucho, fósiles cuaternarios por doquier y una sociedad sorprendentemente extraña y agresiva a los británicos ojos del joven viajero. Aunque el viaje a bordo del Beagle fue el camino indispensable para incrementar su estatura como biólogo, la obra de Lyell despertó una mente inquisitivamente geológica que le permitió maravillarse ante la magnificencia de los Andes. Cuarenta y dos años después de haber concluido su viaje en el Beagle, la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Argentina lo designó Miembro Honorario, en lo que debe interpretarse como un temprano gesto de reconocimiento -en el contexto del momento- por la magnificencia de su obra científica.

  17. Interdigital (Morton) neuroma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the authors designed a study to determine the feasibility and accuracy of MR imaging performed with a solenoid local coil for the evaluation of patients with suspected interdigital neuromas. Fifteen patients (17 feet) with symptoms suggestive of interdigital neuroma were examined at 1.5 T with a solenoid forefoot coil having an 8-cm field of view. A standard protocol of T1-weighted oblique coronal and double-oblique axial images and T2-weighted oblique coronal images was used in 11 feet. In the remaining cases, the protocols varied; however, T1- and T2-weighted sequences were consistently obtained. Surgery was subsequently performed in 6 feet. MR imaging identified 15 interdigital masses, 5 of which were pathologically confirmed neuromas

  18. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Mosaic from Color Aerial Imagery of LAKE CHARLES (NODC Accession 0075827)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of LAKE CHARLES. The...

  19. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Mosaic from Color Aerial Imagery of LAKE CHARLES

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of LAKE CHARLES. The...

  20. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1979

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge including the satellite refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1979 calendar year....

  1. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1982

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR including the satellite refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1982 calendar year. The report...

  2. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1981

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR including the satellite refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1981 calendar year. The report...

  3. 75 FR 54381 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, MT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... wild ungulates and responsible synthetic methods such as farming and tree planting. Wildlife-dependent... Register (72 FR 68174, December 4, 2007). Charles M. Russell and UL Bend NWRs encompass nearly 1.1...

  4. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1967

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  5. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1966

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  6. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  7. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1964

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War Horse, and Wild...

  8. Charles M. Russell NWR administrative inspection, July 25-29, 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an administrative inspection report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, completed July 2529, 1994. The following areas were reviewed: buildings...

  9. Charles M. Russell & UL Bend NWR Report on Wilderness Character Monitoring

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report discusses 43 possible wilderness character monitoring measures for Charles M. Russell and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuges. In 2011, measures were...

  10. Charles M Russell National Wildlife Refuge [Land Status Map: Sheet 1 of 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map was produced by the Division of Realty to depict landownership at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge. It was generated from rectified aerial...

  11. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - April 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  12. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : September to December 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell outlines Refuge accomplishments from September to December of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  13. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1983

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1983 calendar year. The report...

  14. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1984

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1984 calendar year. The report...

  15. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1985

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR, War Horse NWR, Lake Mason NWR, Hailstone NWR, Halfbreed NWR, Tew WPA, and Spidel WPA outlines Refuge...

  16. Relations between logic and mathematics in the work of Benjamin and Charles S. Peirce.

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, Alison

    1999-01-01

    Charles Peirce (1839-1914) was one of the most important logicians of the nineteenth century. This thesis traces the development of his algebraic logic from his early papers, with especial attention paid to the mathematical aspects. There are three main sources to consider. 1) Benjamin Peirce (1809-1880), Charles's father and also a leading American mathematician of his day, was an inspiration. His memoir Linear Associative Algebra (1870) is summarised and for the first time the algebraic ...

  17. Gender Differences in Cognition in China and Reasons for Change over Time: Evidence from CHARLS

    OpenAIRE

    Lei, Xiaoyan; Smith, James P.; Sun, Xiaoting; Zhao, Yaohui

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we model gender differences in cognitive ability in China using a new sample of middle-aged and older Chinese respondents. Modeled after the American Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), CHARLS respondents are 45 years and older and are nationally representative of the Chinese population in this age span. Our measures of cognition in CHARLS relies on two measures that proxy for different dimensions of adult cognition - episodic memory and intact mental status. We relate these co...

  18. "Professor" Charles Tyrrell and his ideal sight restorer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferry, A P

    1986-09-01

    Charles A. Tyrrell was a masseur who obtained his MD degree at age 57 in 1900. In addition to his private practice he was editor of several pseudomedical magazines. He also owned two proprietary ventures that he conducted on a mail order basis. One of these involved production and sale of the The Ideal Sight Restorer, a U-shaped device consisting of a rubber bulb at the base, from which on both sides arose an arm of rubber tubing capped by an ivory eye piece. The eye cups were applied to the closed eyelids and the intermittent suction produced by squeezing the rubber bulb was claimed to provide a form of ocular massage capable of curing serious eye diseases (eg. cataract and glaucoma), as well as doing away with the need for spectacles. Although his fraudulent activities and deceptive advertising practices were described on several occasions in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Dr. Tyrrell persisted in his enterprises until he died in 1918. PMID:3543791

  19. Charles Darwin and Evolution: Illustrating Human Aspects of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampourakis, Kostas; McComas, William F.

    2010-06-01

    Recently, the nature of science (NOS) has become recognized as an important element within the K-12 science curriculum. Despite differences in the ultimate lists of recommended aspects, a consensus is emerging on what specific NOS elements should be the focus of science instruction and inform textbook writers and curriculum developers. In this article, we suggest a contextualized, explicit approach addressing one core NOS aspect: the human aspects of science that include the domains of creativity, social influences and subjectivity. To illustrate these ideas, we have focused on Charles Darwin, a scientist whose life, work and thought processes were particularly well recorded at the time and analyzed by scholars in the succeeding years. Historical facts are discussed and linked to core NOS ideas. Creativity is illustrated through the analogies between the struggle for existence in human societies and in nature, between artificial and natural selection, and between the division of labor in human societies and in nature. Social influences are represented by Darwin’s aversion of criticism of various kinds and by his response to the methodological requirements of the science of that time. Finally, subjectivity is discussed through Darwin’s development of a unique but incorrect source for the origin of variations within species.

  20. On Cas A, Cassini, Comets and King Charles

    CERN Document Server

    Soria, Roberto; Ohtsuka, Yasuyo

    2013-01-01

    We re-examine the long-standing problem of the date of the Cassiopeia A supernova (SN), in view of recent claims that it might be the 1630 "noon-star" seen at the birth of King Charles II. We do not support this identification, based on the expected brightness of a Type-IIb SN (too faint to be seen in daylight), the extrapolated motion of the ejecta (inconsistent with a date earlier than 1650), the lack of any scientific follow-up observations, the lack of any mention of it in Asian archives. The origin of the 1630 noon-star event (if real) remains a mystery; there was a bright comet in 1630 June but no evidence to determine whether or not it was visible in daylight. Instead, we present French reports about a 4th-magnitude star discovered by Cassini in Cassiopeia in or shortly before 1671, which was not seen before or since. The brightness is consistent with what we expect for the Cas A SN; the date is consistent with the extrapolated motion of the ejecta. We argue that this source could be the long-sought SN...

  1. Charles Everett Koop: the “Family doctor of America”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Bucci

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Charles Everett Koop was a great Surgeon General, probably the most influential in the history of the United States of America. He never missed courage in his life and often he had used it to tackle professional and personal tough problems.In his public activity, he faced controversial health problems of American people as smoking, abortion and the first occurrence of the epidemic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS. Koop was a rigorous man. The lodestar that guided Koop in his work, as a public servant was to do the best for health of Americans. In his prestigious and difficult role, he faced the pressing problems of health of millions of people trying to avoid political influence. During his mandate of eight years, Koop increased the influence and authority of his role. His appearance and behaviour were unmistakable: Lincolnesque beard and uniform, conduct hard and pure, exclusively oriented to the health of citizens, over the personal conveniences, political pressure and lobbying. An exemplary man, who for his passion for medicine and his sincere interest in promoting public health, was affectionately considered the "Family Doctor of America".

  2. 'The adventure': Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz's extraordinary stroke diary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, J

    2010-01-01

    The famous Swiss writer Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz suffered a stroke at 65 years, which he called 'the adventure' or 'the accident'. He developed language disturbances suggesting crossed aphasia in a right hander with left hemiparesis. This uncommon pattern allowed him to continue to write his diary and to report his disturbances, with a unique depth and precision, especially for cognitive-emotional changes. Language and motor dysfunction recovered within a few weeks, but Ramuz complained of persisting emotional flattening alternating with irritability, fatigue, depression, anxiety, and concentration difficulty, which gave him the feeling to have become another person and to be inhabited by a stranger, whom he compared with devils. Ramuz fought several months to resume his literary activity, having the impression to have lost inspiration and creativity. However, the novels he wrote less than 6 months after stroke show no stylistic changes and have been found to be of the same quality as his previous production. Ramuz even 'used' his stroke experience in his work, in particular in a novel depicting an old man who has a stroke and dies of it. Ramuz's diary, with his own daily description of stroke features and consequences during acute and recovery phases, is a unique document in a writer of his importance, and provides invaluable information on subjective emotional and cognitive experience of stroke. PMID:20375532

  3. Mitochondrial disorder caused Charles Darwin's cyclic vomiting syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finsterer J

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Josef Finsterer,1 John Hayman21Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftng, Vienna, Austria; 2Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, AustraliaBackground: Charles Darwin (CD, “father of modern biology,” suffered from multisystem illness from early adulthood. The most disabling manifestation was cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS. This study aims at finding the possible cause of CVS in CD.Methods: A literature search using the PubMed database was carried out, and CD's complaints, as reported in his personal writings and those of his relatives, friends, colleagues, biographers, were compared with various manifestations of mitochondrial disorders (MIDs, known to cause CVS, described in the literature.Results: Organ tissues involved in CD's disease were brain, nerves, muscles, vestibular apparatus, heart, gut, and skin. Cerebral manifestations included episodic headache, visual disturbance, episodic memory loss, periodic paralysis, hysterical crying, panic attacks, and episodes of depression. Manifestations of polyneuropathy included numbness, paresthesias, increased sweating, temperature sensitivity, and arterial hypotension. Muscular manifestations included periods of exhaustion, easy fatigability, myalgia, and muscle twitching. Cardiac manifestations included episodes of palpitations and chest pain. Gastrointestinal manifestations were CVS, dental problems, abnormal seasickness, eructation, belching, and flatulence. Dermatological manifestations included painful lips, dermatitis, eczema, and facial edema. Treatments with beneficial effects to his complaints were rest, relaxation, heat, and hydrotherapy.Conclusion: CVS in CD was most likely due to a multisystem, nonsyndromic MID. This diagnosis is based upon the multisystem nature of his disease, the fact that CVS is most frequently the manifestation of a MID, the family history, the variable phenotypic expression between affected family members, the fact that symptoms were triggered by stress

  4. The life and significance of Charles Lucas (1713-1771).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, J

    2015-09-01

    Charles Lucas (1713-1771) was one of the most controversial popular politicians to stride the Irish political stage in the eighteenth century. Though the descendant of a beneficiary of the Cromwellian plantation, Lucas's personal inheritance was small, and he was apprenticed in his teens to an apothecary in Dublin. Lucas prospered in that capacity, both as an advocate of higher standards within the profession, and as a representative on the lower house (the common council) of Dublin Corporation. Predisposed to challenge what he perceived as abuses by vested and established interests, Lucas made a name for himself as an outspoken critic of the oligarchical pretensions of the lord mayor and aldermen, which comprised the upper chamber of the Corporation. His successes were few, but he was possessed of a fluent pen, and a precocious awareness that he could best communicate with his natural audience through the use of print. As a result, he became the darling of an emerging popular political interest, which shared his vision of a reformed Protestant constitution. Encouraged by this positive response, Lucas offered himself to the electorate of Dublin in 1749, but though he campaigned vigorously, and polled well, he was not elected. More consequently for Lucas personally, his extension of his critical gaze from the municipality to the larger canvas of national and Anglo-Irish politics elicited the hostile notice of the most powerful figures in the land, which prompted him to flee the country to avoid imprisonment. Lucas was not inactive during his eleven-year 'exile', but these were comparatively quiet years by comparison with his final decade when, following his return to Ireland in 1761, he acquired a national profile as MP for Dublin City, a vigorous advocate, and a tireless proponent of Patriot policies. PMID:25875079

  5. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

    2002-12-01

    This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

  6. Pragmatisme dalam Filsafat Kontemporer: Analisa atas pemikiran Charles S. Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustaqim Mustaqim

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Filsafat menurut bahasa berasal dari Griek (Yunani berasal dari kata Pilos (cinta, Sophos (kebijaksanaan, “Mahabatul Hikmah” pecinta ilmu pengetahuan. Filsafat menurut term: ingin tahu dengan mendalam (cinta pada kebijaksanaan. Phytagoras mengatakan bahwa pengetahuan dalam artinya yang lengkap tidak sesuai untuk manusia . tiap-tiap orang yang mengalami kesukaran-kesukaran dalam memperolehnya dan meskipun menghabiskan seluruh umurnya, namun ia tidak akan mencapai tepinya. Jadi pengetahuan adalah perkara yang kita cari dan kita ambil sebagian darinya tanpa mencakup keseluruhannya. Oleh karena itu, maka kita bukan ahli pengetahuan, melainkan pencari dan pencinta pengetahuan. Secara istilah, Penulis mengutip pendapat Muhtar yahya bahwa berfikir filsafat ialah “pemikiran yang sedalam-dalamnya yang bebas dan teliti bertujuan hanya mencari hakikat kebenaran tentang alam semesta, alam manusia dan dibalik alam”. Pragmatisme dalam Filsafat Kontemporer: Dalam bidang filsafat ilmu, pemikiran Charles Sanders Peirce merupakan suatu hal yang mendasar bagi siapa saja yang berminat mengkaji Islam, karena akar pemikiran studi agama terdapat dalam struktur pemikiran Peirce. Dikenal sebagai perintis dan tokoh utama aliran filsafat pragmatisme.  Pierce juga termasuk salah satu pioner dalam logika matematika abad ke-19.  Secara profesional, ia adalah seorang ilmuwan praktisi ahli geodesi, astronomi, dan kimia. Epistemologi Peirce berlatar belakang prgamatis dan ahli logika, epistemologinya banyak disampaikan melalui logikanya, oleh karenanya epitemologi Peirce digolongkan sebagai epistemologi kontemporer. Peirce dengan filsafat pragmatisme (filsafat bertindak, memandang bahwa; suatu hipotesa dianggap benar apabila mendatangkan manfaat. Pragmatisme dikatagorikan dalam teori kebenaran. Peirce membagi kebenaran menjadi dua, yakni kebenaran transendental dan kebenaran kompleks. Kebenaran kompleks terdiri dari kebenaran etis (psikologis yaitu keselarasan

  7. Estudo retrospectivo do tratamento cirúrgico do neuroma de morton por via plantar Retrospective study of surgery treatment im monrton's neuroma by plantar approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Gennari Barbosa

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica - neurectomia por via plantar -, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 19 pacientes foram submetidos a esse tratamento. Portanto, foram 19 neuromas, sendo 84,3% do sexo feminino, 15,7% do sexo masculino; 31,5% no segundo espaço intermetatarsal, 68,5% no terceiro; 47,3% no lado direito e 52,7% no esquerdo. A cirurgia foi realizada por via plantar em todos os casos, com tempo médio de acompanhamento de 9 meses, e o resultado foi considerado satisfatório em 89,5% dos pacientes. O tempo de retorno às atividades foi de 6 semanas em 84,2%. Dois pacientes se apresentaram insatisfeitos, ambos devido à dor residual abaixo da cicatriz. Os autores concluem que, a neurectomia por via plantar foi satisfatória, pois há uma melhor exposição do neuroma, boa cicatrização, retorno rápido às atividades e melhora da dor.With an eye to evaluate the surgical technic efficiency - neurectomy by plantar approach -, 19 patients with Morton's neuroma were submitted to this treatment. Therefore, were 19 neuroma patients including 84,3% female, 15,7% male; 31,5% in second intermetatarsal space, 68,5% in third; 47,3% on right side and 52,7% on left side. The surgery was made by plantar approach in every cases, with middle time of attendance around 9 months, and the result was considered satisfactory on 89,5% of patients. The time of return to activities was 6 weeks on 84,2%. Two patients were considered unsatisfied, both because of remain pain under the scar. The authors conclude that, a neurectomy by plantar approach is satisfactory, because there is a better exposition of neuroma, good healing, fast return to activities and improve of pain.

  8. Charles Darwin havde et nuanceret syn på dyreforsøg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen

    2015-01-01

    Jeg har i en tidligere blog været inde på, hvordan Charles Darwins evolutionsteori har haft betydning for vores valg af forsøgsdyr. Men hvordan så Charles Darwin egentlig selv på dyreforsøg og dyrevelfærd? Faktisk var det et emne, der optog ham dybt. Allerede i 1838, over tyve år før...... offentliggørelsen af Arternes Oprindelse, gjorde han sig et notat om, at mennesket i sin arrogance føler sig hævet over andre skabninger, men at det snarere bør opfatte sig som skabt ud fra dyrene. Disse tanker kom dog først for alvor frem, da Charles Darwin i 1871 offentliggjorde bogen Menneskets Afstamning...

  9. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    OpenAIRE

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-01-01

    Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté...

  10. Maestros, ideas y lecturas que cambiaron el pensamiento de Charles Robert Darwin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Priora

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to review Charles Darwin’s teachers, readings, and which ideas and other events had a definite impact on his mental framework, to the extent that they prompted him to dismiss some ideas while adopting others. When discussing Charles Darwin, we will devote to his ancestors, studies, teachers, friendships, readings, and the doubts that nagged him throughout his life. In short, we will refer tothe whole collection of the personal experiences that shaped and transformed his thought, to the point of prompting him to write a book that shook up the world.

  11. 探索Jean-Charles de Castelbajac的波普艺术魅力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕙琳; 刘晓刚

    2011-01-01

    一、背景介绍走在时尚世界风头浪尖的设计大师Jean-Charles de Castelbajac令人惊叹的想象力和具有孩童气息的创造能力让他的每一个作品都蕴含着别具一格的特色。如果说同样来自法国的Jean-Paul Gaultier是时装界的坏孩子,那么Jean-Charles de Castelbajac则无疑是时装界的Andy Warhol,

  12. 76 FR 7552 - Charles River Energy LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-10

    ... Hydroelectric Project (Moody Street Dam Project or project) to be located on the Charles River, in the City of...) turbine-generator unit with a nameplate capacity of 45 kilowatts (kW); (4) a new 25 kW floating turbine- generator unit situated at the end of a floating chute in the river approximately 500 feet downstream of...

  13. Low awareness of the Charles Bonnet syndrome in patients attending a retinal clinic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singh, Amardeep; Subhi, Yousif; Sørensen, Torben Lykke

    2014-01-01

    Visually impaired patients may experience visual hallucinations due to the Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS). While benign in nature, these hallucinations may cause distress in those unfamiliar with the phenomenon. The overall purpose of this study was to determine the degree of awareness of CBS in...

  14. Identifying Success Factors of ICT in Developing a Learning Community: Case Study Charles Sturt University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Matthew; Uys, Philip

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: A learning community has been developing in a distributed environment amongst the members of the Centre for Enhancing of Learning and Teaching (CELT) located in the Bathurst, Goulburn and Orange campuses of Charles Sturt University. This group is known by the acronym of GDMOB, with the purpose of the community to facilitate the…

  15. Astronaut Charles Duke examines surface of boulder at North Ray crater

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    Astronaut Charles M. Duke Jr., lunar module pilot of the Apollo 16 lunar landing mission, examines the surface of a large boulder at North Ray crater during the third Apollo 16 extravehicular activity (EVA-3) at the Descartes landing site. This picture was taken by Astronaut John W. Young, commander. Note the chest-mounted 70mm Hasselblad camera.

  16. Revisiting Charles H. Thompson's Proposals for Educating Gifted African American Students, 1933-1961

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Louis

    2012-01-01

    Charles H. Thompson is best known as the founder and the first editor-in-chief of "The Journal of Negro Education" (1932-1963). Throughout his career, Thompson sought to extend educational opportunity in ways that were "for the good of Negro education as a whole." His main concern was in educating future leaders for service in African American…

  17. Darwin's Other Bulldog: Charles Kingsley and the Popularisation of Evolution in Victorian England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Piers J.

    2012-01-01

    The nineteenth-century Anglican Priest Charles Kingsley (1819-1875) was a significant populariser of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Kingsley was successful in this regard because he developed such diverse connections throughout his career. In the 1840s he associated with Chartists and radical journalists; in the 1850s and 1860s…

  18. 78 FR 27960 - Charles Hotchkin and Claire Fay; Notice of Application for Amendment of Exemption, Soliciting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... of the two units at any given time. The proposed amendment would not change the project's hydraulic... inspection: a. Type of Application: Amendment of Exemption. b. Project No.: 13565-001. c. Date Filed: February 4, 2013. d. Applicant: Charles Hotchkin and Claire Fay. e. Name of Project: Alder...

  19. Charles Huntington, Ojibwe Sculptor. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for the elementary grades of Charles Huntington (Ojibwe), an American Indian sculptor, includes photographs of the artist and some of his work. A teacher's guide following the bibilography contains information on sculpture and the Ojibwe people, suggested activities for learning about sculpture and sculptors, learning objectives and…

  20. New Workflows for Born-Digital Assets: Managing Charles E. Bracker's Orchid Photographs Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurford, Amanda A.; Runyon, Carolyn F.

    2011-01-01

    Charles E. Bracker was a professor of botany and plant pathology at Purdue University from 1964 to 1999. His late wife, Anri, was an orchid enthusiast who began collecting and housing orchids in the 1980s. In 2009, Bracker's 30,000 digital orchid photographs were donated to Ball State University Libraries, where both of this article's authors…

  1. Interview with Charles M. Reigeluth: Applying Instructional Design to Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Charles M. Reigeluth is one of the most contributing and certainly the leading scholars in the field of educational technology and instructional design. His early contributions were about developing instructional design theories such as Elaboration Theory and Component Display Theory. He has also edited monumental books as collections of major ID…

  2. 77 FR 23599 - Special Local Regulations for Marine Events; Potomac River, Charles County, MD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small...; Potomac River, Charles County, MD'' in the Federal Register (77 FR 27). We received one comment on the... substantial number of small entities. The term ``small entities'' comprises small businesses,...

  3. Prints Charles sõdib oma linnakese eest ja halvustajate vastu / Alan Wheatley

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wheatley, Alan

    1998-01-01

    Briti troonipärija prints Charlesi loodud Poundbury uusrajoonist Cornwalli krahvkonnas. 2500 ettenähtud majast on valmis 142. Prints Charlesi eesmärk on järgida rohkem inimeste vajadusi kui planeerimispõhimõtteid. Põhiplaan arhitekt Leon Krier'ilt. Erinevaid arvamusi linnakese kohta, s. h. parlamendi ehituskomitee positiivne hinnang. Prints Charles inglise modernse arhitektuuri kriitikina

  4. The Essential Charles Dickens School Resource: Contemporary Approaches to Teaching Classic Texts Ages 7-14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robins, Gill; Evans-Jones, Laura-Jane

    2012-01-01

    Charles Dickens is arguably the greatest storyteller in English Literature and his novels have been loved and respected for nearly two hundred years. As accurate reflections of Victorian society they are unparalleled. Vivid characters and realistic settings are created in the mind of the reader, all laced with Dickens inimitable humour, wit and…

  5. 75 FR 67095 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    ...-day public comment period via a Federal Register notice (75 FR 54381). We now extend the comment... p.m. Mountain Time. Background For background information, see our September 7, 2010, notice (75 FR... Fish and Wildlife Service Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National...

  6. A Lifetime of Language Testing: An Interview with J. Charles Alderson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunfaut, Tineke

    2014-01-01

    Professor J. Charles Alderson grew up in the town of Burnley, in the North-West of England, and is still based in the North West but in the ancient city of Lancaster. From Burnley to Lancaster, however, lies a journey and a career that took him all around the world to share his knowledge, skills, and experience in language testing and to learn…

  7. Making Urban Schools Better Places for Students, Teachers, and Families: An Interview with Charles Payne

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teale, William H.; Scott, Jerrie L.

    2010-01-01

    By titling his 2008 book about urban school reform "So Much Reform, So Little Change," Charles Payne summed up the feelings of many educators. Although the school reform movement has been active nearly two decades and has gone through various phases of implementing policies and practices, there appears to be little overall significant improvement…

  8. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney: Soldier-Statesmen of the Constitution. A Bicentennial Series, No. 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Army Center of Military History, Washington, DC.

    Charles Cotesworth Pinckney was a wealthy South Carolinian whose profound sense of public duty obliged him to risk everything to assume a mantle of political and military leadership during the period of rebellion. This booklet on Pinckney is one in a series on Revolutionary War soldiers who later signed the U.S. Constitution. The booklet reviews…

  9. George Filz named Charles E. Via Jr. Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Crumbley, Liz

    2007-01-01

    George M. Filz of Blacksburg, professor of civil and environmental engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, was appointed the Charles E. Via Jr. Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors during the board's quarterly meeting August 27.

  10. Challenge and Risk: The Parlerian Statues on the Old Town Tower of Charles Bridge. A Reinterpretation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hlobil, Ivo

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 63, 1/2 (2015), s. 2-33. ISSN 0049-5123 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-39192S Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Prague * Charles Bridge * statues * interpretation Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage http://www.umeni-art.cz/cz/issue-detail.aspx?v=issue-issue-2479

  11. Visionäärid ning disaini hälli kiigutajad Charles ja Ray Eames / Katrin Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika disainiklassikute Charles (1907-1978) ja Ray Eamesi (1912-1988) disainitud toolidest. Nende oma majast Californias, mis koosneb tehases valmistatud teras-, vineer- ja klaasdetailidest. Filmidest "Ülevaade Metropolitanist" ja "Powers of Ten"

  12. Narrative report FY 1974: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1974 fiscal year. The report...

  13. Narrative report 1970: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Yellow Water, War Horse & Wild Horse

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1970 calendar year. The report...

  14. Narrative report FY 1975: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report...

  15. Narrative report FY 1978 for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1978 calendar...

  16. Narrative report FY 1977 for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1977 calendar...

  17. Association of Public and Land-grant Universities honors Charles W. Steger with 2010 Michael P. Malone International Leadership Award

    OpenAIRE

    Hincker, Lawrence

    2010-01-01

    Virginia Tech President Charles W. Steger was among the three recipients of the 2010 Michael P. Malone International Leadership Award, sponsored by the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU).

  18. [Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge : Sentinel plant species field inventory study plan and methods : Summer 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This study plan is for the assessment and adaptive management of environmental processes with sentinel plant species at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge....

  19. National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey 2010/2011 : Individual refuge results for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey for Charles M. Russell NWR and is part of the USGS Data Series 643. The survey was conducted to...

  20. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté, exprimée de son vivant, par l’auteur lui-même.

  1. Amazing light. A volume dedicated to Charles Hard Townes on his 80th birthday.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiao, R. Y.

    This Festschrift is a collection of essays contributed by students, colleagues, and admirers to honor Charles Hard Townes on the occasion of his 80th birthday, July 28, 1995. Charles Townes shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1964 for "fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the laser-maser principle". This book reflects Townes's wide interests and influence, ranging from quantum optics to astrophysics, and from electrical engineering to medicine. It begins with an introductory biographical essay and includes contributions from nine Nobel laureates. The broadly multinational character of the contributions reflects Townes's deep belief in the international character of science, as well as the breadth of the impact his work and teaching have had.

  2. Christine Huguet and Nathalie Vanfasse, eds., Charles Dickens, Modernism, Modernity (2 Vols.)

    OpenAIRE

    Hervouet-Farrar, Isabelle

    2015-01-01

    Charles Dickens, Modernism, Modernity is a two-volume collection of essays first presented during an international conference held in 2011 at the Centre Culturel International de Cerisy-la-Salle, in Normandy. Through a wide range of perspectives, the collection purports to assess the ‘modernity’ of Dickens’s writings and–more ambitiously–to address Dickens’s representation of a fractured modern world as precursory of literary modernism. The first purpose of Christine Huguet and Nathalie Vanfa...

  3. On the Emergence of Mental Space in Psychology: Interview With Lucas Albert Charles Derks

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas Albert Charles Derks; Alexandru Ioan Manea

    2016-01-01

    In this interview we have the chance to talk with Lucas Albert Charles Derks, founder of the International Laboratory for Mental Space Research and of the Society for Mental Space Psychology and the creator of the Social Panorama approach, about the paradigm that evolved in the last 25 years, entitled Mental Space Psychology, with roots from Cognitive Linguistics, Spatial Cognition and Neuroscience. Today we shall explore the psychotherapeutic approaches which use the Mental Space Psychology,...

  4. Ray & Charles Eames : aatomid, toolid ja universumi äär / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Californias elanud disainiklassikutest Ray (1912-1988) ja Charles (1907-1978) Eamesist. Kasutasid oma mööbliloomingus lisaks painutatud vineerile alumiiniumi, fiiberklaasi, plastmassi, terastraati. Uuendasid vormikäsitlust, tehnoloogiat. Nende mööbel oli moodsa ja seninägematu väljanägemisega, kerge, lihtsalt töödeldav. Tegelesid ka fotograafia ja filmiga. Näitus Eamesite loomingust on avatud Londoni Disainimuuseumis. Artikli juures illustratsioonid.

  5. Vom Milch trinkenden Sonnentau (Drosera spec.) zum schlafenden Wassersalat (Pistia spec.): Charles Darwin als Botaniker

    OpenAIRE

    Rutishauser, R

    2009-01-01

    Charles Darwin wird oft nur mit der Evolutionstheorie in Verbindung gebracht. Die vorliegende Arbeit betont Darwins Verdienste bei der Erforschung von Pflanzen. Seine Beobachtungsgabe verbunden mit experimentellem Geschick verhalfen Darwin zu botanischen Entdeckungen, für die wir ihn am 200. Geburtstag ebenso ehren sollten wie für seine mit natürlicher und sexueller Selektion verbundene Evolutionstheorie. Für die Pflanzenzüchtung und damit für die Evolution bedeutsa...

  6. Halb munk : valik tõlkeid / Charles Baudelaire ; tõlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: III Ülendus ; VI Majakad ; IX Halb munk ; XI Halb õnn ; XII Eelmine elu ; XVIII Ideaal ; XXIX Raibe ; XXXVI Rõdu ; XXXIX ; XL Semper eadem ; XLIII Elav tõrvik ; LIV Paratamatus ; LVI Sügiselaul ; II ; LXIV Sügissonett ; LXXII Lõbus surnu ; LXXVI Spliin ; LXXVII Spliin ; LXXXIV Parandamatu ; LXXXIX Luik ; XCI Eidekesed ; CI Udud ja vihmad ; CXXI Armastajate surm ; CXXII Vaeste surm ; CXXIII Kunstnike surm ; CXXVI Teekond ; Kaas ; Kuristik. Valik tõlkeid Charles Baudelaire'i "Kurja õitest"

  7. [The North African plague and Charles Nicolle's theory of infectious diseases].

    OpenAIRE

    Ben, Néfissa Kmar; Moulin, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    Many infectious diseases were described in North Africa in 18th-19th centuries by European travellers. Most of them were allegedly imported by new migrant populations coming from sub-Saharan, European or Middle East countries. Plague outbreaks have been described since the Black Death as diseases of the Mediterranean harbours. Charles Nicolle and his collaborators at the Pasteur Institute were witnesses to the extinction of plague and typhus fever in Tunisia. Both could be considered as endem...

  8. Volume reduction of the jugular foramina in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with syringomyelia

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt Martin; Ondreka Nele; Sauerbrey Maren; Volk Holger; Rummel Christoph; Kramer Martin

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Understanding the pathogenesis of the chiari-like malformation in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) is incomplete, and current hypotheses do not fully explain the development of syringomyelia (SM) in the spinal cords of affected dogs. This study investigates an unconventional pathogenetic theory for the development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure waves in the subarachnoid space in CKCS with SM, by analogy with human diseases. In children with achondroplasia th...

  9. Syringomyelia: determining risk and protective factors in the conformation of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Thomas J; Knowler, Susan P.; van den Berg, Henny; Sykes, Jane; Rusbridge, Clare

    2014-01-01

    Background Syringomyelia (SM) is a painful neurological condition, prevalent in brachycephalic toy breeds including the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS). In these breeds, SM is typically secondary to Chiari-like Malformation (CM). There has been much debate in the scientific and veterinary communities to what extent head shape is indicative of either pathology, especially as certain craniosynostosis syndromes in humans (highly associated with CM) have characteristic facial and cranial mor...

  10. The concept of music evolution in Herbert Spencer’s and Charles Darwin’s theories

    OpenAIRE

    Petrov Ana

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the discourses on music in Herbert Spencer’s and Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution. Even though both Spencer and Darwin construed music as a carrier of the expression of affects and a part of a ubiquitous evolutional process towards ever increasing progress of culture, these authors’ discourses differed from each other in the understanding of the origin and function of music. Darwin considered music as being one of the (natural) means of making a selection dur...

  11. The ethics of authenticity in charles Taylor’s multiculturalist conception

    OpenAIRE

    Gurgel Calvet da Silveira, Carlos Frederico

    2012-01-01

    In the thought of Charles Taylor, the relationship between authenticity and multiculturalism involves fundamental elements of contemporary society, such as the formation of identities, the politics of recognition, the mass communication. Although controversial, these concepts gain harmony and coherence in thought Taylor, thanks to his philosophical method of the historical knowledge of the most important traditions that form the Western thought. The authenticity understood as mere assertion o...

  12. Charles Darwin's 'Gorgonia' : a palaeontological mystery from the Falkland Islands resolved

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, Phil; Rushton, Adrian; Fearnhead, Fiona

    2015-01-01

    During the celebrated voyage of HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin visited the Falkland Islands twice, in March 1833 and March 1834. He thought the islands bleak and inhospitable, but was much excited during his first visit to discover fossils at Port Louis. These he recognised as brachiopods (a type of shellfish) and crinoids (often described descriptively as ‘sea-lilies’ but actually animals related to sea urchins); an example of the kind of fossils that he saw is shown in Figure 1.

  13. Political Theory After the Interpretive Turn: Charles Taylor on Knowledge, Values, and Politics

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Naomi

    2010-01-01

    Many stories of the development of political theory in the Anglo-American world in the 20th C could be told to involve many different actors, events, and ideas. This dissertation tells a story that centers on the development of modern liberalism by locating within it the development of the ideas of Charles Taylor (1931-). Taylor's writings on the study of human behavior, the relationship between selfhood and morality, the contemporary relevance of German Romantic philosophy, and the need for...

  14. El Legado Radical De Charles R. Darwin A Las Ciencias Sociales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel De La Luz Rodríguez.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the theoretical repercussions that Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species has for the Social Sciences. It contrasts Darwin’s epistemological legacy with his precursors in cultural evolutionary theory, mainly Herbert Spencer and Edward B. Tylor. It is argued that Darwin’s most important lessons for the Social Sciences are in his naturalist writings instead of his writings on human evolution per se.

  15. Charles Bell: naturalismo teológico y frenología implicaciones sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira Poza, Antonio

    2000-01-01

    This article builds the figure of Charles Bell in the ideological context of his time, and it analyzes its scientific activity defining two conceptual lines: the function of the human body as example of the theological naturalism, and the phrenological implications of their neurological studies.



    El art查尔斯·凯尔曼(Charles D.Kelman)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建军

    2008-01-01

    查尔斯·凯尔曼(Charles D.Kelman)(左图)系现代白内障超声乳化手术之父,1930年5月23日出生在纽约的Brooklyn,2004年6月1日因患癌症死于弗罗理达的Boca Raton。1950年在波士顿Tufts大学获学士学位,

  16. The Charles River, Eastern Massachusetts: Scientific Information in Support of Environmental Restoration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiskel, Peter K.

    2007-01-01

    Human activity has profoundly altered the Charles River and its watershed over the past 375 years. Restoration of environmental quality in the watershed has become a high priority for private- and public-sector organizations across the region. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs worked together to coordinate the efforts of the various organizations. One result of this initiative has been a series of scientific studies that provide critical information concerning some of the major hydrologic and ecological concerns in the watershed. These studies have focused upon: * Streamflows - Limited aquifer storage, growing water demands, and the spread of impervious surfaces are some of the factors exacerbating low summer streamflows in headwater areas of the watershed. Coordinated management of withdrawals, wastewater returns, and stormwater runoff could substantially increase low streamflows in the summer. Innovative approaches to flood control, including preservation of upstream wetland storage capacity and construction of a specially designed dam at the river mouth, have greatly reduced flooding in the lower part of the watershed in recent decades. * Water quality - Since the mid-1990s, the bacterial quality of the Charles River has improved markedly, because discharges from combined sewer overflows and the number of illicit sewer connections to municipal storm drains have been reduced. Improved management of stormwater runoff will likely be required, however, for full attainment of State and Federal water-quality standards. Phosphorus inputs from a variety of sources remain an important water-quality problem. * Fish communities and habitat quality - The Charles River watershed supports a varied fish community of about 20 resident and migratory species. Habitat conditions for fish and other aquatic species have improved in many parts of the river system in recent years. However, serious challenges remain

  17. De Gonzaga para Londres: etnicidade e preconceito na historia de Jean Charles de Menezes

    OpenAIRE

    Gláucia de Oliveira Assis

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to re-build the experience of Brazilians in London from the case of Jean Charles de Menezes. Who migrated to London, from Gonzaga, Minas Gerais, and died on the 22nd of July 2005 when he was ‘mistaken’ for a terrorist. We hope with this article to re-build the route of his life from his family members’ verbal accounts as well as from accounts of the national and international press, aiming to discuss how the route of dramatic life and death can help us understand the routes of...

  18. De Gonzaga para Londres: etnicidade e preconceito na historia de Jean Charles de Menezes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gláucia de Oliveira Assis

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to re-build the experience of Brazilians in London from the case of Jean Charles de Menezes. Who migrated to London, from Gonzaga, Minas Gerais, and died on the 22nd of July 2005 when he was ‘mistaken’ for a terrorist. We hope with this article to re-build the route of his life from his family members’ verbal accounts as well as from accounts of the national and international press, aiming to discuss how the route of dramatic life and death can help us understand the routes of many emigrants, and also understand the prejudice contexts and hosting society discrimination.

  19. Astronaut Charles Duke near Lunar Roving Vehicle at Station no. 4 during EVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    Astronaut Charles M. Duke Jr., lunar module pilot of the Apollo 16 lunar landing mission, stands near the Lunar Roving Vehicle at Station no. 4, near Stone Mountain, during the second Apollo 16 extravehicular activity (EVA-2) at the Descartes landing site. Light rays from South Ray crater can be seen at upper left. The gnomon, which is used as a photographic reference to establish local vertical Sun angle, scale, and lunar color, is deployed in the center foreground. Note angularity of rocks in the area.

  1. The Nanaimo and Charles Camsell Indian Hospitals: First Nations' narratives of health care, 1945 to 1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drees, Laurie Meijer

    2010-01-01

    First Nations' perspectives on health and health care as delivered by doctors, nurses, and Canada's former Indian hospital system form a significant part of Canada's medical history, as well as a part of First Nations people's personal histories. Oral histories collected in Alberta and British Columbia suggest that First Nations people who experienced the Nanaimo and Charles Camsell Indian hospitals between 1945 and 1965 perceive the value of their experiences to be reflected in their survivance, a concept recalled through narratives emphasizing both humour and pain, as well as past and present personal resilience. PMID:21114087

  2. Jürgen Habermas et Charles Taylor : jugement interculturel et critique de la tradition

    OpenAIRE

    Pelabay, Janie

    2007-01-01

    L’article développe une comparaison des positions de Charles Taylor et Jürgen Habermas au regard de l’opposition entre relativisme et universalisme. De par la posture conciliatrice, voire ambivalente, qu’ils tiennent au sein du débat libéraux/communautariens, ces deux auteurs sont ici convoqués dans le but de clarifier ce qui se joue en amont, d’un point de vue théorique, dans les controverses autour du multiculturalisme. Leur ambition commune de « situer la raison » dans les contextes concre...

  3. Charles Baudelaire y la fotografía: el ojo-cámara del poeta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana de Cabo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Charles Baudelaire’s «Tableaux parisiens» and Le Spleen de Paris, an eye-camera that takes pictures of reality operates in a latent way. This photographic metaphor allows the poet to capture the Parisian landscape to fix it in the positive of poetry. In this article we analyze Baudelairian poetics by an interdisciplinary perspective that combines the language of literature and photography. We will use as theoretical framework Philippe Hamon’s semiological approach and Walter Benjamin Marxist theory.

  4. The Observers Observed: Charles Dickens at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, in 1850

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, A.

    2005-12-01

    In 1850 the magazine Household Words, which Charles Dickens edited, published three articles describing the instruments and workings of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. These 'popular' articles are invaluable primary sources for the historian of astronomy. They convey some of the Victorian public's fascination with an Institution believed by some to be a lighthouse for night-time shipping on the river Thames; by others, a national repository of 'divining rods' and 'magic mirrors'. Dickens was clearly impressed by the pragmatic usefulness of the Observatory to a commercial and maritime nation, and by seemingly magical, self-acting and recording instruments whereby the wind wrote its own 'Aeolian Autobiography'.

  5. “A Classic for the Elders”: Marketing Charles and Mary Lamb in the Nineteenth Century

    OpenAIRE

    Harvey, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Mary and Charles Lamb’s Tales from Shakespear (1807) is generally taken as the starting point for the subgenre of “children’s Shakespeare,” in that it is an adaptation of Shakespeare’s plays aimed at young children which promises to entertain as well as to educate its young readers. The Tales have never been out of print since 1807 and they continue to exert an influence over other authors who adapt Shakespeare for children, both in their choice of plays to adapt and in their translation of t...

  6. British Reactions to Charles XII’s Stay in the Ottoman Empire

    OpenAIRE

    Costel Coroban

    2011-01-01

    Abstract:In 1709 the Great Northern War took an unfortunate course for Sweden, as following Charles XII’s defeat at Poltava, he was forced to retreat to Bender in the Ottoman Empire, where he would remain for 5 years.. The Swedish King’s retreat in the Ottoman Empire also reverberated in Britain, which at the time was involved in the War for Spanish Succession (1709-1714), and consequently sought for tranquillity at the North and Baltic Sea. While politicians were worried about the Swedish fl...

  7. Eye-related visual hallucinations: Consider ′Charles Bonnet syndrome′

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilgun Cinar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS is typically characterized by visual hallucinations in elderly people without cognitive defects. This article presents the case of an 80-year-old male patient with a one-year history of visual hallucinations, secondary to glaucoma, in both eyes. Neither a dopamine agonist nor cholinesterase inhibitor therapy improved his symptoms. In this case, the hallucinations were gradually improved after administration of a GABAergic drug, pregabalin, for diabetic polyneuropathy. Placebo-controlled clinical trials would be needed to support this effect of pregabalin, as suggested by this association.

  8. Violencia doméstica y contra las mujeres en las novelas de Charles Dickens

    OpenAIRE

    Andino Lucas, Eugenia

    2016-01-01

    La presente tesis es un estudio panorámico del modo en el que las novelas de Charles Dickens tratan la violencia de género, entendida como violencia contra la mujer por su pareja o ex-pareja, y la violencia sexual. También se tratan los casos menos frecuentes en los que las agresoras son personajes femeninos, para dar una visión de conjunto de la violencia en la pareja en la obra del autor. Se parte de un análisis de los roles sociales victorianos del hombre y la mujer que tenían un marcado c...

  9. Challenge and Risk: The Parlerian Statues on the Old Town Tower of Charles Bridge. A Reinterpretation

    OpenAIRE

    Hlobil, I. (Ivo)

    2015-01-01

    Ideas as to the approximate period in which the Old Town Bridge Tower decoration first arose fluctuate around the time of the death of Charles IV (1378). The importance of this sculptural decoration has been studied by Karel Stejskal, Rudolf Chadraba, Jaromír Homolka, Ivo Kořán and finally Jakub Vítovský. This article briefly recapitulates the conclusions drawn by these historians. The interpretation of the remarkable collection of monumental Parlerian sculptures is a great challenge for scho...

  10. On the Emergence of Mental Space in Psychology: Interview With Lucas Albert Charles Derks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derks, Lucas Albert Charles; Manea, Alexandru Ioan

    2016-05-01

    In this interview we have the chance to talk with Lucas Albert Charles Derks, founder of the International Laboratory for Mental Space Research and of the Society for Mental Space Psychology and the creator of the Social Panorama approach, about the paradigm that evolved in the last 25 years, entitled Mental Space Psychology, with roots from Cognitive Linguistics, Spatial Cognition and Neuroscience. Today we shall explore the psychotherapeutic approaches which use the Mental Space Psychology, their applicability and their limitations, with a special focus on his own approach, entitled Social Panorama. PMID:27298638

  11. On the Emergence of Mental Space in Psychology: Interview With Lucas Albert Charles Derks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derks, Lucas Albert Charles; Manea, Alexandru Ioan

    2016-01-01

    In this interview we have the chance to talk with Lucas Albert Charles Derks, founder of the International Laboratory for Mental Space Research and of the Society for Mental Space Psychology and the creator of the Social Panorama approach, about the paradigm that evolved in the last 25 years, entitled Mental Space Psychology, with roots from Cognitive Linguistics, Spatial Cognition and Neuroscience. Today we shall explore the psychotherapeutic approaches which use the Mental Space Psychology, their applicability and their limitations, with a special focus on his own approach, entitled Social Panorama.

  12. [Music as an uninvited guest: the auditive variant of the Charles Bonnet syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuerlings, J H A M; Wijnen, H; Boerman, R; Verwey, B

    2009-01-01

    Visually handicapped patients can be tormented by complex visual hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome). Likewise, deaf patients and patients with impaired hearing can be plagued by auditory hallucinations, mostly involving music. Our article focuses on three female patients who suffered from musical hallucinations. In one of these patients the hallucinations ceased when her hearing was restored. In the second patient the hallucinations ceased when carbamazepine was prescribed. Quetiapine reduced the musical hallucinations in the third patient. The differential diagnoses and therapeutic options are discussed. PMID:19904711

  13. Bartholomew Sulivan's geological observations in the Falkland Islands (1838 to 1845) as communicated to Charles Darwin

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, Phil

    2012-01-01

    When in 1846 Charles Darwin published the first account of the geology of the Falkland Islands, he made clear at the beginning that “My examination was confined to the eastern island; but I have received through the kindness of Captain Sulivan and Mr Kent, numerous specimens from the western island, together with copious notes, sufficient to show the almost perfect uniformity of the whole group.” A modern geological map (e.g. Aldiss and Edwards 1999) shows the oldest Falkland I...

  14. Tratamento do neuroma de Morton via plantar: avaliação retrospectiva dos resultados cirúrgicos Norton's neuroma treatment through plantar port: retrospective assessment of surgical outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Caio Augusto de Souza Nery; Rui dos Santos Barroco; Cleber Furlan; Carlos Henrique Tardini; Fabio Serra Cemin; Renan Galas Mombach

    2007-01-01

    Com a finalidade de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica, envolvendo a neurectomia por via plantar, transversa, fora da zona de carga, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 217 pacientes foram submetidos a este tratamento.Um total de 264 pés foram observados, sendo 32,2% no pé direito, 46,1% no pé esquerdo e 21,7% bilateralmente.Quanto ao sexo, foram observadas ocorrências de 86,6% no sexo feminino e 13,4% masculino.Quanto a localização, 83,5% (220 neuromas) estavam presentes no terceiro esp...

  15. Charles Darwin's beagle voyage, fossil vertebrate succession, and "the gradual birth & death of species".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkman, Paul D

    2010-01-01

    The prevailing view among historians of science holds that Charles Darwin became a convinced transmutationist only in the early spring of 1837, after his Beagle collections had been examined by expert British naturalists. With respect to the fossil vertebrate evidence, some historians believe that Darwin was incapable of seeing or understanding the transmutationist implications of his specimens without the help of Richard Owen. There is ample evidence, however, that he clearly recognized the similarities between several of the fossil vertebrates he collected and some of the extant fauna of South America before he returned to Britain. These comparisons, recorded in his correspondence, his diary and his notebooks during the voyage, were instances of a phenomenon that he later called the "law of the succession of types." Moreover, on the Beagle, he was following a geological research agenda outlined in the second volume of Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology, which implies that paleontological data alone could provide an insight into the laws which govern the appearance of new species. Since Darwin claims in On the Origin of Species that fossil vertebrate succession was one of the key lines of evidence that led him to question the fixity of species, it seems certain that he was seriously contemplating transmutation during the Beagle voyage. If so, historians of science need to reconsider both the role of Britain's expert naturalists and the importance of the fossil vertebrate evidence in the development of Darwin's ideas on transmutation. PMID:20665232

  16. General Charles F. Bolden, Jr. and Professor Claude Nicollier reunite during visit to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Jordan Juras

    2011-01-01

    Thursday 23 June, CERN saw an unlikely and much savoured meeting between two old colleagues and friends: General Charles F. Bolden, Jr. and Professor Claude Nicollier.   Bolden and Nicollier were separately invited to CERN for different reasons - Charles Bolden had been invited by Professor Samuel Ting to visit the newly built and now fully operational Payload Operation and Control Centre of the AMS collaboration and Claude Nicollier had been invited by the Theory Department to give a colloquium. They were delightfully surprised when they met at the entrance of the main building. Bolden and Nicollier served together in the Space Shuttle Program and were trained by NASA during the 1980’s where they became close friends. On 24 April, 1990, Bolden piloted the Space Shuttle Discovery into orbit with the Hubble telescope in the payload bay. Though Nicollier did not accompany Bolden during the Hubble launch, he did return to the telescope 3 years later on board the Space Shuttle Ende...

  17. King Charles' Star: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Dating the Supernova Known as Cassiopeia A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunn, M.

    2012-06-01

    (Abstract only) Few astronomical phenomena have been as studied as the supernova known as Cassiopeia A. Widely believed to have occurred in the latter half of the seventeenth century, it is also thought to have gone unrecorded. This paper will argue that Cas A did not go unobserved, but in fact was seen in Britain on May 29, 1630, and coincided with the birth of the future King Charles II of Great Britain. This "noon-day star" is an important feature of Stuart/Restoration propaganda, the significance of which has been widely acknowledged by historians and literary experts. The argument here, however, is that in addition the historical accounts provide credible evidence for a genuine astronomical event, the nature of which must be explained. Combining documentary analysis with an overview of the current scientific thinking on dating supernovae, the authors put forward their case for why Charles' star should be recognized as a sighting of Cas A. Finally, it will be argued that a collaborative approach between the humanities and the sciences can be a valuable tool, not just in furthering our understanding of Cas A, but in the dating of supernovae in general.

  18. The Beginning of "Free Money" Ideology in American Universities: Charles W. Eliot at Harvard, 1869-1909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.; Johnson, Benjamin Ashby

    2012-01-01

    Rather than banking enormous gifts, Harvard University built its wealth by adhering to a coherent strategy that gradually became the common sense--the prevailing ideology--of how to build and maintain the wealth of private universities. President Charles W. Eliot formulated this "free money" strategy over the course of his administration from 1869…

  19. A Life of Learning: Nancy Siraisi. Charles Homer Haskins Prize Lecture for 2010. ACLS Occasional Paper, No. 67

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Council of Learned Societies, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Nancy Siraisi has been a prolific and leading scholar in the history of medicine and science of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. This lecture of hers is the twenty-eighth of series of lectures named for Charles Homer Haskins, first chairman of the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) and himself a famed medievalist who brought…

  20. Remembering Charles B. Huggins' Nobel Prize for Hormonal Treatment of Prostatic Cancer at its 50th Anniversary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansson, Nils; Moll, Friedrich; Schultheiss, Dirk; Krischel, Matthis

    2016-06-01

    Charles B. Huggins received the Nobel Prize in 1966. Based on archival sources from the Nobel archive we have found that nominators emphasised the practical therapeutic applications of his discoveries that were showing 25 yr after his key publications. PMID:26838478

  1. Metamorphic conditions during formation of a metapelitic sillimanite-garnet gneiss from Clemence Massif, Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corvino, A.F.; Boger, S.D.; Wilson, C.J.L.

    2007-01-01

    The pressure (P) and temperature (T) conditions during metamorphism of a metapelitic sillimanite-garnet gneiss from Clemence Massif, Antarctic Prince Charles Mountains, are estimated using mineral abundance information and petrogenetic P–T pseudosections computed in the chemical system MnO–N2O–CaO–K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–

  2. Charles Hamilton Houston: The Legal Scholar Who Laid the Foundation for Integrated Higher Education in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blight, David W.

    2002-01-01

    Presents the story of Charles Hamilton Houston, an African American legal scholar who led a crusade focused on equal educational opportunities and facilities for African American students. He used the courts to force Americans to listen to his message about racial subjugation, segregation, and lynch law. (SM)

  3. Comparison of closure times for cranial base synchondroses in mesaticephalic, brachycephalic, and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Martin J; Volk, Holger; Klingler, Melanie; Failing, Klaus; Kramer, Martin; Ondreka, Nele

    2013-01-01

    Premature closure of cranial base synchondroses has been proposed as the mechanism for brachycephaly in dogs and caudal occipital malformation syndrome (COMS) in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare times of closure for cranial base synchondroses in mesaticephalic, brachycephalic, and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging studies were retrieved for client-owned dogs less than 18 months of age. Breed, age, skull conformation, and the open or closed state of cranial base synchondroses were independently recorded by two observers. For dogs with a unanimous observer agreement, regression analysis was used to test effects of age and gender on the open or closed status of synchondroses and differences between groups. A total of 174 dogs were included in MRI interpretations and 165 dogs were included in the regression analysis. Statistically significant differences in closure time of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis were identified between brachycephalic and mesaticephalic dogs (P = 0.016), Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and mesaticephalic dogs (P brachycephalic dogs (P = 0.014). Findings from the current study supported the theory that morphological changes leading to the skull phenotype of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniels could be due to an earlier closure of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis. PMID:23782353

  4. London through Rose-Colored Graphics: Visual Rhetoric and Information Graphic Design in Charles Booth's Maps of London Poverty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Miles A.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, I examine a historical information graphic--Charles Booth's maps of London poverty (1889-1902)--to analyze the cultural basis of ideas of transparency and clarity in information graphics. I argue that Booth's maps derive their rhetorical power from contemporary visual culture as much as from their scientific authority. The visual…

  5. 76 FR 40912 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment for the Renovation of the Charles F...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    .... Replacing the building's mechanical systems would result in a reduction of energy usage and promote the... in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance). Furthermore, a 2008 U.S. Government... ADMINISTRATION Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Assessment for the Renovation of the Charles...

  6. Sir Charles Alfred Ballance (1856-1936) and the introduction of facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Graaf, Robert C.; Ijpma, Frank F. A.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.

    2009-01-01

    Sir Charles Ballance (1856-1936) was the first surgeon in history to perform a facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895. Although, recently, several papers on the history of facial nerve surgery have been published, little is known about this historically important operation, the theoretical reaso

  7. Notch-free vermillion after unilateral cleft lip repair: The Charles Pinto centre protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narayanan P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A notch on the vermillion is one of the most common complications following the repair of a unilateral cleft lip. Several methods have been described for the secondary correction of a notch. However, there are only a few reports on how the notch can be prevented during primary lip repair. Causes of a vermillion notch were analysed at the Charles Pinto Centre for Cleft Lip and Palate and each possible cause addressed by an appropriate procedure. This protocol was then followed in every patient. In this manner, we have been able to avoid notches in unilateral cleft lips altogether and more significantly, junior trainees in our department have also been able to consistently avoid a notch in their repairs.

  8. Parcours et détours de Charles Doughty en Arabie Déserte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine DELMAS

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans son ouvrage publié en 1888, Travels in Arabia Deserta, Charles Doughty se présente comme un marcheur qui a arpenté le globe, “a sâiehh”, “a walker about the world” (I 322. Ses voyages l’ont déjà mené en Norvège, au Sahara algérien et à travers la Syrie, le Liban, la Palestine et l’Egypte lorsqu’il entreprend de parcourir le désert du nord-ouest de l’Arabie pour explorer la région de Medáin Salîh qu’il n’a pas pu visiter lors de ses voyages précédents mais dont il a entendu parler. Son r...

  9. Parcours et détours de Charles Doughty en Arabie Déserte

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine DELMAS

    2012-01-01

    Dans son ouvrage publié en 1888, Travels in Arabia Deserta, Charles Doughty se présente comme un marcheur qui a arpenté le globe, “a sâiehh”, “a walker about the world” (I 322). Ses voyages l’ont déjà mené en Norvège, au Sahara algérien et à travers la Syrie, le Liban, la Palestine et l’Egypte lorsqu’il entreprend de parcourir le désert du nord-ouest de l’Arabie pour explorer la région de Medáin Salîh qu’il n’a pas pu visiter lors de ses voyages précédents mais dont il a entendu parler. Son r...

  10. Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology: Sue Frantz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Distinguished Teaching of Psychology Award recognizes an outstanding career contribution to the teaching of psychology. The 2016 recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award is Sue Frantz. Dorothy W. Cantor, president of the APF, will present the Distinguished Teaching Award at the 124th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 5, 2016, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2016 APF Board of Trustees are Dorothy W. Cantor, president; David H. Barlow, vice president; Melba J. T. Vasquez, secretary; Richard C. McCarty, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Cynthia Belar; Camilla Benbow; Rosie Phillips Bingham; Connie S. Chan; Anthony Jackson; Terence M. Keane; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh; and Bonnie Markham and Rick McGraw, APA Board of Directors liaisons. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27504572

  11. Charles Bally précurseur d’une linguistique cognitive de l’énonciation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdou Elimam

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Une lecture de Bally hors des filtres structuralistes et post saussuriens peut donner lieu à de nombreuses surprises. Partant d’une hypothèse longuement mûrie, nous proposons de dégager un argumentaire ballyen en faveur d’une linguistique cognitive – avant l’heure – de l’énonciation. En relisant sans hâte certains textes – pourtant largement discutés par bien des critiques - nous montrons comment Charles Bally a tenté d’ouvrir un espace théorique inédit sous l’appellation de « stylistique ». Nous confrontons quelques principes théoriques à des réflexions contemporaines en neurosciences cognitives (A. Damasio et J.-P. Changeux, en l’occurrence et en théorie linguistique (N. Chomsky, notamment. Le concept d’actualisation servira de tremplin à une telle tentative.

  12. Advanced electrocardiography can predict mitral regurgitation in cavalier king charles spaniels with myxomatous mitral valve disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spiljak, Maja; Petric, Alexandra; Olsen, Lisbeth Høier;

    2011-01-01

    . Clinic for Surgery and Small Animal Medicine, Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. 3. Department of Basic Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. 4. Quality Control Department, Metallurgical and Chemical Industry Cinkarna Celje, INC......ADVANCED ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY CAN PREDICT MITRAL REGURGITATION IN CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIELS WITH MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE. M Spiljak1, AD Petric2, LH Olsen3, A Stepancic4, T Falk3, CE Rasmussen3, V Starc1. 1. Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. 2......., Slovenia Recently, multiple advanced resting electrocardiographic (ECG) techniques have been applied in humans for detection of cardiac autonomic and repolarisation function. This has improved the diagnostic and/or prognostic value of short-time ECG in detection of common human cardiac diseases even before...

  13. Charles Bally et Petar Guberina, inspirateurs audacieux de la didactique moderne des langues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Rivenc

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available C’est Petar Guberina qui me fit découvrir Charles Bally, à la veille de lancer notre projet commun de création d’une nouvelle méthodologie d’enseignement des languesétrangères. L’article décrit la dialectique qui s’est organisée aux plans théorique et expérimental entre les idées de Bally, nos propres choix, et l’expérience acquise dans nos « classes-laboratoire ». Ces recherches ont profondément renouvelé les conceptions didactiques, les différents rôles des enseignants, et les méthodes de formation.

  14. Cephalometric measurements and determination of general skull type of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, M J; Neumann, A C; Amort, K H; Failing, K; Kramer, M

    2011-01-01

    The general skull morphology of the head of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) was examined and compared with cephalometric indices of brachycephalic, mesaticephalic, and dolichocephalic heads. Measurements were taken from computed tomography images. Defined landmarks for linear measurements of were identified using three-dimensional (3D) models. The calculated parameters of the CKCS were different from all parameters of mesaticephalic dogs but were the same as parameters from brachycephalic dogs. However, the CKCS had a wider braincase in relation to length than in other brachycephalic breeds. Studies of the etiology of the chiari-like malformation in the CKCS should therefore focus on brachycephalic control groups. As Chari-like malformation has only been reported in brachycephalic breeds, its etiology could be associated with a higher grade of brachycephaly, meaning a shorter longitudinal extension of the skull. This has been suggested for other breeds. PMID:21521397

  15. British Reactions to Charles XII’s Stay in the Ottoman Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costel Coroban

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:In 1709 the Great Northern War took an unfortunate course for Sweden, as following Charles XII’s defeat at Poltava, he was forced to retreat to Bender in the Ottoman Empire, where he would remain for 5 years.. The Swedish King’s retreat in the Ottoman Empire also reverberated in Britain, which at the time was involved in the War for Spanish Succession (1709-1714, and consequently sought for tranquillity at the North and Baltic Sea. While politicians were worried about the Swedish fleet, a worry which only aggravated after George I’s accession to the British thrones in 1714, writers such as Daniel Defoe and others could not refrain from expressing their admiration for the ‘Warrior King’ Charles XII. Soon after his return, Charles XII would even be associated with the Jacobite faction, rival to the House of Hanover which at the time ruled Britain. The purpose of this paper is to offer an overview of the whole spectrum of British publications and reactions regarding Charles XII’s sojourn in the Ottoman Empire, during his stay’s duration (1709-1714 and up to his death and the immediately subsequent period. Rezumat: În 1709, Marele Război Nordic a urmat un curs nefericit pentru Suedia deoarece ca urmare a înfrângerii lui Carol al XII-lea la Poltava, el a fost forţat să se retragă la Bender, în Imperiul Otoman, unde va rămâne timp de 5 ani. Retragerea regelui suedez în Imperiul Otoman a avut, de asemenea, reverberaţii în Marea Britanie, care la acea vreme era implicată în războiul de succesiune spaniol (1709-1714, şi, prin urmare, căuta liniştea la Marea Nordului şi la Marea Baltică. În timp ce politicienii erau îngrijoraţi de flota suedeză, o îngrijorare care doar s-a accentuat după urcarea lui George I pe tronul britanic în 1714, scriitori cum ar fi Daniel Defoe şi alţii nu au putut să se abţină de la exprimarea admiraţiei lor pentru „războinicul rege” Carol al XII-lea. Curând după

  16. Charles Dickens and Barnaby Rudge: The First Description of Williams Syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eblovi, Darren; Clardy, Christopher

    2016-02-01

    Williams syndrome, a disorder caused by a genetic deletion and characterized by moderate intellectual disability with relatively strong language skills and a hypersocial personality, was first described in the medical literature in 1961. However, 120 years earlier, Charles Dickens wrote the novel Barnaby Rudge, which follows an "idiot" through London's Gordon Riots of 1780. We propose that Dickens based this character on a person he knew with Williams syndrome. Common features include an "elfin" face, decreased cognitive ability and dependence on a caretaker, strong language skills with emphatic and perseverative speech, anxiety, and an empathetic, overly trusting personality. In the novel, these traits lead the character Barnaby to be duped into actively participating in the riots, which nearly results in his hanging. This example of fiction providing a description of a disorder more detailed than that of medical journals more than a century later should encourage physicians to look to sources beyond traditional scientific articles for valuable clinical information. PMID:26878187

  17. Marseille: habiter la densité (Quartier Saint-Charles, Marseille, F)

    OpenAIRE

    Eller, Laurent; Larnaudie, Luc

    2006-01-01

    Le site de la porte d'Aix est un site fragmenté. Il se caractérise par sa forme triangulaire avec à chacun de ses angles un composant essentiel des flux: la gare Saint-Charles, l'Autoroute A7 et la porte d'Aix connectée au port industriel. Ce site a perdu au fil du temps son identité de porte d'entrée en centre-ville. À la fois bretelle d'autoroute et entrée de ville, la place Jules Guesde acquiert alors un statut ambigu entre échangeur autoroutier et espace public majeur de la ville. La rue...

  18. Yves-Charles Grandjeat. John Edgar Wideman. Le feu et la neige.

    OpenAIRE

    Nathalie Cochoy

    2009-01-01

    John Edgar Wideman, auteur noir américain contemporain, est généralement connu en France pour la complexité de son écriture. L’œuvre de Wideman paraît en effet déroutante : le brouillage vertigineux des repères narratifs, la porosité des frontières entre réalité et fiction, la dislocation soudaine de la syntaxe, emportée par la violence d’un témoignage ou par la pulsation d’un blues, brisent les modes de pensée et de lecture traditionnels. Or, selon Yves-Charles Grandjeat, auteur de ce très b...

  19. Heart Rate Variability in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with Different Degree of Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Caroline Elisabeth; Falk, Bo Torkel; Zois, Nora Elisabeth; Moesgaard, Sophia Gry; Häggström, Jens; Pedersen, Henrik Duelund; Olsen, Lisbeth Høier

    2010-01-01

    variability (HRV). Reduced HRV is seen in dogs with heart failure secondary to myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). However, HRV is suggested to increase with disease progression in dogs with early stages of MMVD. Comparable results are found in people with primary mitral valve prolapse, a disease...... resembling canine MMVD. Aim: To associate progression of MMVD in dogs with time and frequency domain HRV, analysed from 24-hour electrocardiography. Materials and Methods: Eighty-one Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) were examined by echocardiography and 24-hour electrocardiography. CKCS were divided...... responsiveness. Results: Ten out of 13 HRV variables decreased with increasing MMVD severity. In group 1, 10 HRV variables were increased compared to group 3 and 4 (P<0.05) and 2 HRV variables were increased compared to group 2 (P<0.04). Eight and 10 HRV variables were increased in group 2 compared to group 3 (P...

  20. Review of Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from Data by Charles Wheelan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael T. Catalano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Wheelan, Charles. Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from Data (New York, NY, W. W. Norton & Company, 2014. 282 pp. ISBN 978-0-393-07195-5 In his review of What Numbers Say and The Numbers Game, Rob Root (Numeracy 3(1: 9 writes “Popular books on quantitative literacy need to be easy to read, reasonably comprehensive in scope, and include examples that are thought-provoking and memorable.” Wheelan’s book certainly meets this description, and should be of interest to both the general public and those with a professional interest in numeracy. A moderately diligent learner can get a decent understanding of basic statistics from the book. Teachers of statistics and quantitative literacy will find a wealth of well-related examples and stories to use in their classes.

  1. Les femmes et le langage selon Charles Bally: "des moments de décevante inadvertance"?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durrer, Sylvie

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Les problématiques rassemblées parfois sous la désignation de "Language and Gender" figurent également dans les publications du linguiste suisse Charles Bally. Cet axe de réflexion, qui n’a guère été remarqué dans son œuvre, mérite d’être mis en lumière, non pas pour faire de Bally un féministe avant l’heure, mais simplement, parce qu’il nous semble important de documenter l’histoire d’une problématique en plein essor. Cet article a donc pour objectif de montrer que la question du traitement des femmes et du féminin par la langue française suscite de nombreuses réflexions dès la fin du XIXe. Il s’agira de procéder à une histoire critique d’un épisode de la "linguistique générique", afin de voir si les actuelles thématiques de cette orientation sont abordées, sous quels aspects, dans quels contextes, avec quels résultats, etc. On pourrait alors être surpris-e de découvrir que Charles Bally n’était pas un cas isolé, mais qu’un grand nombre de contemporains (Nyrop, Brunot, Vendryès, Damourette & Pichon, Dauzat, etc., se sont eux aussi interrogés, plus ou moins longuement, sur les rapports entre les femmes, le féminin et le langage. Les réflexions "génériques" de Bally et de ses confrères ne sauraient donc être regardées comme de simples "moments décevante inadvertance".

  2. Romantic Novel “Jean Sbogar” by Charles Nodier in Dostoevsky’s Creative Reception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakubova R. H.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of the impact of traditions of romantic literature on Dostoevsky’s novel “The Idiot” is examined in the article. The author points out that the attitude of Russian novelist towards the phenomena of the outgoing culture was essentially devoid of dogmatism: the very approach to different cultural trends and styles was always notable for amazing flexibility and diversity. A novel by Charles Nodier, “Jean Sbogar”, is considered as one of the precedent texts. Its motivic repertoire is reproduced in full in the novel by F. Dostoevsky. A comparison of the protagonist of the French novel, Jean Sbogar, which is depicted in two masks, with the main characters of the novel “The Idiot” Prince Myshkin and Rogozhin, suggests that, starting from a given source, Dostoevsky developed Nodier’s art idea. Russian writer abandoned the principle of a split personality in favor of representation of two heroes that are fighting and, at the same time, there is a mystical connection between them. Comparison between Myshkin and angel-like Lothario and between Rogozhin and the rogue Jean Sbogar once again confirms the idea that in Dostoevsky’s novel there is an introduction of high philosophical symbolism in realism: “splitting” a romantic image sends a thoughtful reader to the Gospel legend about Christ and the robber. Thus, reading of the images of "The Idiot" through the prism of romantic novels of Charles Nodier detects correlation not only between the plot of the novel and literary tradition, but also between the plot and the Christian symbolism. Someone else's text not only becomes Dostoevsky’s material for improvisation, but also serves as a secret pointer to the reader and reconstructs his cultural memory.

  3. 探索Jean-Charles de Castelbajac的波普艺术魅力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕙琳; 刘晓刚

    2011-01-01

    @@ 一、背景介绍 走在时尚世界风头浪尖的设计大师Jean-Charles deCastelbajac令人惊叹的想象力和具有孩童气息的创造能力让他的每一个作品都蕴含着别具一格的特色.如果说同样来自法国的Jean-Paul Gaultier是时装界的坏孩子,那么Jean-Charles deCastelbajac则无疑是时装界的Andy Warhol,他是一位具有典型法兰西式激情的设计师,享受于创造一种雅俗共赏的浮华的波普艺术,他的作品大都富有人文关怀的气息,以幽默诙谐的时尚语汇和丰富绚烂的色彩著称,他的设计的独特之处不仅仅在于将时尚作为传播社会文化、社会以及个人精神的载体,更值得注意的是,这个被称为"现代的传统主义者"的时尚顽童所创造的一系列作品,皆代表着前卫、创新但却不脱离整个社会大众的认知与审美的传统风格.

  4. Charles Bell: naturalismo teológico y frenología implicaciones sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pereira Poza, Antonio

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available

    This article builds the figure of Charles Bell in the ideological context of his time, and it analyzes its scientific activity defining two conceptual lines: the function of the human body as example of the theological naturalism, and the phrenological implications of their neurological studies.



    El artículo reconstruye la figura de Charles Bell situándole en el marco ideológico de la época, y se analiza su actividad científica siguiendo dos líneas conceptuales: el funcionamiento del cuerpo humano como ejemplo del naturalismo teológico, y las implicaciones frenológicas de sus estudios neurológicos.

  5. 具有相关波动因子的广义随机波动HJM模型%Generalized Heath-Jarrow-Morton model with stochastic volatility and correlated factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宝臣; 苏云鹏

    2011-01-01

    基于Heath-Jarrow-Morton( HJM)模型框架,将远期利率波动率设定为服从广义均值回归平方根过程的随机变量,以刻画隐性随机波动因子的动态特性,并通过将漂移项限制条件推广至波动因子之间,以及利率波动率的变化与利率变动之间存在相关性情况,建立了广义的多因子HJM模型.在该模型框架下,基于一类特定波动率设定形式将风险中性概率测度下的收益率曲线表示为服从仿射扩散过程的有限维状态向量的函数形式,并推导出零息债券的准解析定价公式.并且,基于市场风险价格的广义仿射设定形式,将以上结果推广至现实概率测度下.%Heath-Jarrow-Morton model is generalized by extending the no-arbitrage drift restriction with nonze ro instantaneous correlations between volatility factors and setting forward rate volatilities subject to generalized mean-reverting square-root processes and correlated with innovations to forward rates. In the framework above, the dynamics of the term structure under the risk-neutral probability measure are described in terms of a finite number of state variables that jointly follow an affine diffusion process under a certain volatility specification, and a quasi-analytical formula for zero coupon bond prices is derived based on transform techniques. Then the result is further generalized to the case under the actual probability measure through the extended affine market price of risk specification.

  6. Charles Darwin and the World He Changed——Celebrating Charles Darwin's Bicentenary%达尔文和他改变的世界纪念达尔文诞辰200周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙漫远; 陈振夏

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一 超越时空界限与学科藩篱 1809年2月12日,查尔斯·达尔文(Charles Robert Darwin)出生在英国什罗普郡的历史名城什鲁斯伯里(Shrewsbury).1859年11月24日,他的不朽名著出版,一时洛阳纸贵而影响历久不衰.

  7. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from CHARLES DARWIN from 1987-11-13 to 1987-12-16 (NODC Accession 9000119)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) and other data were collected. R/V Charles Darwin was used to collect data. The data consisting of 111 casts was...

  8. NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) true color (RGB) orthorectified mosaic image tiles, Lake Charles, Louisiana 2009-2010 (NODC Accession 0075827)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of Lake Charles,...

  9. Narrative report 1972: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, Yellow Water, War Horse, & Wild Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1972 calendar year. The report...

  10. Narrative report 1968: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone*, Halfbreed*, Mason*, Miller*, Yellow Water*, War Horse*, & Wild Horse* National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1968 calendar year. The report...

  11. Narrative report 1969: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Yellow Water, War Horse & Wild Horse National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1969 calendar year. The report...

  12. Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Impact Statement: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge: Volumes 1 and 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Charles M. Russell NWR and UL Bend NWR for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the...

  13. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1996 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  14. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1988 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and WarHorse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  15. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1990 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  16. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1998 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  17. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1991 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  18. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1993 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  19. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 2000 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  20. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1994 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  1. Narrative report: Calendar year 1976: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1976 calendar...

  2. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1999 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  3. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management District: 1987 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and WarHorse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  4. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1995 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  5. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management District: 1986 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and WarHorse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  6. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1992 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  7. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1989 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  8. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1997 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  9. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 2001 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  10. Stylistique, science de l’expression, linguistique de la parole. Notes sur la nature du fait linguistique selon Charles Bally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anamaria Curea

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La spécificité de la discipline scientifique conçue par Charles Bally sous le nom de stylistique réside en une pensée singulière de la complexité du fait linguistique. À l’origine de son projet se croisent l’adhésion à une science générale de l’expression et la volonté de faire avancer la linguistique saussurienne dans une nouvelle direction. À travers les concepts d’expression et de langue parlée, Charles Bally invite la perspective linguistique à s’ouvrir aux dimensions psychologique et sociologique du langage afin d’appréhender les rapports complexes entre la pensée et la langue dans l’activité de parler.

  11. Stylistique, science de l’expression, linguistique de la parole. Notes sur la nature du fait linguistique selon Charles Bally

    OpenAIRE

    Anamaria Curea

    2013-01-01

    La spécificité de la discipline scientifique conçue par Charles Bally sous le nom de stylistique réside en une pensée singulière de la complexité du fait linguistique. À l’origine de son projet se croisent l’adhésion à une science générale de l’expression et la volonté de faire avancer la linguistique saussurienne dans une nouvelle direction. À travers les concepts d’expression et de langue parlée, Charles Bally invite la perspective linguistique à s’ouvrir aux dimensions psychologique et ...

  12. MRT-gestützte morphometrische und anatomisch-histologische Untersuchungen der Chiari-Missbildung bei der brachyzephalen Hunderasse "Cavalier King Charles Spaniel"

    OpenAIRE

    Deutschland, Martin

    2011-01-01

    MRI assisted morphometric and anatomic-histological examination of the Chiari malformation in the “Cavalier King Charles Spaniel”, a brachycephalic breed of dog This thesis shows the use of MRI imaging in the diagnosis and morphometric evaluation of anatomical changes of the caudal fossa in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) possessing from Chiari malformation. In Chiari malformation the caudal cerebellar vermis typically herniates through the foramen magnum and is associated with a wi...

  13. Scaling London’s early XIXth century docks, bridges and manufactories :Charles Dupin’s writings andtechnological exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Werner, Alex

    2011-01-01

    Charles Dupin contributed to technological exchange between Britain and France. He provided French readers with a detailed survey of London’s new docks, bridges and manufactories analysing commercial and operational systems alongside engineering and architectural innovations. Dupin’s influence was not limited just to France but extended to Britain also through the translation of his works. Indian engineers who trained in London provide a different focus to technological exchange extending to ...

  14. Precisionism and its Involvement with Sociological Matters during the Machine Age
    Charles Sheeler's American Landscape and Classic Landscape

    OpenAIRE

    Diederichs, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Until today, Precisionism is regarded as an apolitical and asocial art form, relegated to aestheticism. In my research, I explore various themes in Charles Sheeler's commissioned and independent works for the Ford Motor Company. I examine how Sheeler forms a visual rhetoric of the industrial modern age, and how his awareness of changes in the American industrial landscape is conveyed. What messages are implied in his painted works, but extraneous in the photographs? This reconstruction will r...

  15. John Frederick Charles Fuller%坦克制胜理论先驱——富勒

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁华明; 郭亮

    2005-01-01

    富勒(John Frederick Charles Fuller)是英国著名的军事理论家和军事史学家,以其30余种军事著作闻名于世。作为坦克战理论的创始人之一,他曾对20世纪30年代陆战理论的创新产生相当大的影响。

  16. Won't You Be My Neighbor? Race, Class, and Residence in Los Angeles By Camille Zubrinsky Charles

    OpenAIRE

    Kristin L. Perkins

    2008-01-01

    Residential segregation means that minorities often live in undesirable neighborhoods; yet where we live affects our economic opportunity, social networks, and quality of life. Camille Zubrinsky Charles's book, Won't You Be My Neighbor? Race Class, and Residence in Los Angeles, adds to existing research that has historically focused solely on black-white residential segregation by expanding the scope to include the residential preferences and racial attin_;des of native and foreign-born Latin...

  17. CTD data from the Madeira and Iberian Abyssal Plains. CHARLES DARWIN cruises 3/85 and 9A/85

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents lists and graphs of CTD data taken aboard RRS Charles Darwin on cruises 3 (May 1985) and 9A (November 1985). The majority of the lowerings were made in support of two experiments; the deployment of deep SOFAR floats and of deep moored current meters, the latter near 310 30'N 250W (GME site). All CTD data is compared with reversing thermometer observations, and with determinations of salinity and dissolved oxygen derived from samples. (author)

  18. Charles Darwin, Bartholomew Sulivan and the geology of the Falkland Islands: unfinished business from an asymmetric partnership

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, P; Rushton, A.W.A.

    2013-01-01

    When in 1846 Charles Darwin published the first account of the geology of the Falkland Islands he drew on his experiences in 1833 and 1834 during the voyage of HMS Beagle, and on collections made at that time by the ship’s Assistant Surgeon, William Kent. Aboard HMS Beagle Darwin struck up a particular friendship with Lieutenant Bartholomew Sulivan who subsequently revisited the Falklands between 1838 and 1845 in command of HMS Arrow and HMS Philomel. The surviving letters t...

  19. The pedigree and influence of fossil collections from the Falkland Islands : from Charles Darwin to continental drift

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, Philip; Rushton, Adrian W.A.

    2012-01-01

    The Falkland Islands are typical of remote territories in that their early geological exploration was piecemeal and opportunistic. Whilst the resulting fossil collections (dominantly a Devonian fauna of the Malvinokaffric realm) remain the basis for modern interpretations, published accounts misrepresent their extent and provenance. Charles Darwin first discovered fossils during his 1833 visit aboard HMS Beagle, with subsequent British collections acquired in 1842 and 1876, respectively, by t...

  20. Deuteron frozen-spin- polarized target for nd experiments at the VdG accelerator of Charles University

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A frozen-spin- polarized deuteron target cooled by the 3He/4He dilution refrigerator is described. Fully deuterated 1,2-propanediol was used as a target material. Deuteron vector polarization about 40% was obtained for the target in the shape of a cylinder of 2-cm diameter and 6-cm length. The target is intended for a study of 3N interactions at the polarized neutron beam generated by the Van de Graaff accelerator at the Charles University in Prague

  1. Entrevista a Charles Bergquist “…los historiadores en general son reacios a la comparación…”

    OpenAIRE

    Hernan David Jimenez

    2016-01-01

    Charles Bergquist es PhD en historia (1973) y Master (1968) por la Stanford University, Estados Unidos. Fue profesor adscrito al Departamento de Historia de Duke University (1972-1988) y de University of Washington (1989-2007), donde ocupó cargos como Coordinador de Estudios Latinoamericanos y Director del Centro de Estudios Laborales. Es Profesor Émerito en esta institución desde 2008.

  2. Entre la cour et la ville. Les gens de savoir au service de l'empereur Charles IV à Prague

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Žůrek, Václav

    Turnhout: Brepols, 2015 - (Courbon, L.; Menjot, D.), s. 213-223. (Studies in European urban history (1100-1800). 35). ISBN 978-2-503-55343-6 Grant ostatní: ERC(CZ) Origins of the Vernacular Mode. Regional Identities and European Networks in Late Medieval Europe Source of funding: R - rámcový projekt EK Keywords : Kingdom of Bohemia * Prague * Charles IV. of Luxembourg * medieval town * royal court Subject RIV: AB - History

  3. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, J T

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) are honored as the founders of modern evolutionary biology. Accordingly, much attention has focused on their relationship, from their independent development of the principle of natural selection to the receipt by Darwin of Wallace's essay from Ternate in the spring of 1858, and the subsequent reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the events of 1858 Wallace and Darwin are typically seen as central players, with Darwin's friends Charles Lyell (1797-1875) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) playing supporting roles. This narrative has resulted in an under-appreciation of a more central role for Charles Lyell as both Wallace's inspiration and foil. The extensive anti-transmutation arguments in Lyell's landmark Principles of Geology were taken as the definitive statement on the subject. Wallace, in his quest to solve the mystery of species origins, engaged with Lyell's arguments in his private field notebooks in a way that is concordant with his engagement with Lyell in the 1855 and 1858 papers. I show that Lyell was the object of Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles. In this view Darwin was, ironically, intended for a supporting role in mediating Wallace's attempted dialog with Lyell. PMID:24014172

  4. Ground-water flow and ground- and surface-water interaction at the Weldon Spring quarry, St. Charles County, Missouri

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ground-water-level measurements to support remedial actions were made in 37 piezometers and 19 monitoring wells during a 19-month period to assess the potential for ground-water flow from an abandoned quarry to the nearby St. Charles County well field, which withdraws water from the base of the alluvial aquifer. From 1957 to 1966, low-level radioactive waste products from the Weldon Spring chemical plant were placed in the quarry a few hundred feet north of the Missouri River alluvial plain. Uranium-based contaminants subsequently were detected in alluvial ground water south of the quarry. During all but flood conditions, lateral ground-water flow in the bedrock from the quarry, as interpreted from water-table maps, generally is southwest toward Little Femme Osage Creek or south into the alluvial aquifer. After entering the alluvial aquifer, the ground water flows southeast to east toward a ground-water depression presumably produced by pumping at the St. Charles County well field. The depression position varies depending on the Missouri River stage and probably the number and location of active wells in the St. Charles County well field

  5. Un homme, deux cultures: Charles de Villers entre France et Allemagne, 1765-1815

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique Bernard

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Les 25 et 26 juin 2015 s’est tenu à l’université de Lorraine à Metz un colloque international réunissant des universitaires français et allemands autour de la figure de Charles de Villers, intermédiaire culturel souvent méconnu entre la France et l’Allemagne, né en 1765 à Boulay, Lorraine, et décédé en 1815 à Göttingen, où il fut professeur dans les dernières années de sa vie. Le bicentenaire de sa mort – ainsi que le 250e anniversaire de sa naissance – furent l’occasion de cette rencontre franco-allemande, organisée conjointement par Nicolas Brucker, initiateur de ce projet, de l’Université de Lorraine à Metz, et Franziska Meier, de la Georg-August-Universität à Göttingen.

  6. A magpie with a card-index mind - Charles Davies Sherborn 1861-1942.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindler, Karolyn

    2016-01-01

    Charles Davies Sherborn was geologist, indexer and bibliographer extraordinaire. He was fascinated by science from an early age and like so many Victorians, the young Sherborn was a passionate natural history collector and was obsessed with expanding his collection of land and freshwater shells. He later described himself as being a 'thorough magpie' and having 'a card-index mind', and these two traits coalesced in his monumental Index Animalium, the compilation of which occupied 43 years of his life. One of the first visitors through the doors of the Natural History Museum in South Kensington when it opened in 1881, Sherborn began work there seven years later as one of the small band of unofficial scientific workers, paid by the number of fossils he prepared. By the time of his death in 1942, Sherborn's corner in the Museum was the first port of call for generations of scientists seeking advice, information - or an invitation to one of his famous 'smoke and chat' parties. In addition to his work on the Index, Sherborn is also responsible for rescuing from damp and probable destruction the huge archive of Sir Richard Owen, the great comparative anatomist and the prime mover behind the creation of the Natural History Museum, London. Without Sherborn, this invaluable resource of correspondence, manuscripts and books may well have been irretrievably ruined. PMID:26877651

  7. A magpie with a card-index mind – Charles Davies Sherborn 1861–1942

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindler, Karolyn

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Charles Davies Sherborn was geologist, indexer and bibliographer extraordinaire. He was fascinated by science from an early age and like so many Victorians, the young Sherborn was a passionate natural history collector and was obsessed with expanding his collection of land and freshwater shells. He later described himself as being a ‘thorough magpie’ and having ‘a card-index mind’, and these two traits coalesced in his monumental Index Animalium, the compilation of which occupied 43 years of his life. One of the first visitors through the doors of the Natural History Museum in South Kensington when it opened in 1881, Sherborn began work there seven years later as one of the small band of unofficial scientific workers, paid by the number of fossils he prepared. By the time of his death in 1942, Sherborn’s corner in the Museum was the first port of call for generations of scientists seeking advice, information – or an invitation to one of his famous ‘smoke and chat’ parties. In addition to his work on the Index, Sherborn is also responsible for rescuing from damp and probable destruction the huge archive of Sir Richard Owen, the great comparative anatomist and the prime mover behind the creation of the Natural History Museum, London. Without Sherborn, this invaluable resource of correspondence, manuscripts and books may well have been irretrievably ruined. PMID:26877651

  8. Sir Charles James Martin MB FRS: Australian serpents and Indian plague, one-hundred years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawgood, B J

    1997-07-01

    In 1891 as Demonstrator in Physiology at the University of Sydney, Charles Martin began the first systematic study of the chemical and physiological properties of the venoms of the Australian elapid species, Pseudechis porphyriacus and Notechis scutatus. Two major constituents were detected: a large coagulable protein which was associated with intravascular clotting, and a small proteinaceous molecule, an albumose, associated with neurotoxicity. Martin designed and constructed a high-pressure gelatin membrane ultrafilter for fractionation of venom. His studies indicated that certain physiological actions and clinical symptoms were related to the faster rate of diffusion within the tissue space of a neurotoxic constituent relative to a clotting constituent. Extending this work to toxin-antitoxin relationships, Martin provided evidence that antitoxin was a large molecule with slow diffusibility in tissue and advised the administration of curative serum (including diphtheria antitoxin) by intravenous injection. In 1903, Martin returned to London as Director of the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine. He was soon involved in the planning of scientific work to be undertaken by the Commission for Investigation of Plague in India as the disease continued to ravage the subcontinent. Detailed epidemiological studies of possible factors involved in the spread of Pasteurella pestis showed, unequivocally, that infected rat fleas were the vector of transmission from rats to humans. PMID:9247999

  9. Charles Darwin and the firstscientific observations on the patagonian shingle formation (Rodados Patagónicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar A. Martínez

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available TheRodados Patagónicos is one of the most intriguing lithostratigraphic unitsin the Late Cenozoic of Patagonia. Charles Darwin named these gravels as the "PatagonianShingle Formation", when he discovered them during his trip toPatagonia on board HMS Beagle in 1832. According to the prevailing paradigm ofthe time, he assigned these deposits to a giant transgression during the GreatUniversal Déluge epoch, considering that their formation was related to waveaction along the beach in ancient times. The name of Rodados Patagónicos,as they are generally known in the Argentine geological literature, is usuallyconfusing since it has been applied to a wide number of geological units ofmultiple origin and age. Many authors have discussed the nature and origin ofthese gravels, considering them to have been formed by piedmont, alluvial,colluvial, glaciofluvial, and/or marine processes. Today, it is accepted thatthe term Rodados Patagónicos includes gravel deposits of varied nature and age,perhaps with a prevalence of piedmont genesis in northern Patagonia andglaciofluvial dynamics in southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.

  10. [When medicine appeals to our feelings: Charles de Villers' Le magnétiseur amoureux].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moruno, Dolores Martín

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses the representation of affective phenomena brought into play in Charles de Villers' Le magnétiseur amoureux (1787) as it helps to better understand the historical transition from the Galenic conception of the passions of the soul to the cerebral interpretation of emotions. While feelings became the condition of possibility in the occurrence of the therapy, passion is identified as the cause of the young woman's illness, Caroline, who according to the interpretation proposed in this article, suffers from what was identified in the eighteenth century medical tradition as "love melancholy" or "hysteric affection", which were both pathologies that alluded to vapors in order to explain their symptoms. The analysis of the logic of feeling running across Villers' novel impels us to interpret the magnetic fluid in terms of the sympathy created between the two main characters. The ambivalence expressed by Villers between the meaning of "love sentiment" and that of "love passion" allows us to finally understand the somnambulist therapy as erotic knowledge that implies a reflection on love codes in late eighteenth century France. PMID:26403058

  11. O Caso Lonelygirl15 – Charles Sanders Peirce e a Narrativa no Ciberespaço

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Reis

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o seriado Lonelygirl15, exibido no website Youtube de junho de 2006 aos dias atuais. A série simula o videoblog de uma adolescente real mas, após várias evidências e investigações pela web, os espectadores descobrem tratar-se de um programa, com produtores e atores. O artigo busca analisar o processo de dúvida, investigação e estabelecimento de uma nova crença por parte dos usuários, com base nas teorias do filósofo americano Charles Sanders Peirce. Também pretendemos fazer um estudo sobre as novas formas narrativas no ambiente do ciberespaço, com características marcantes de imersão, agência e transforma��ão. Por fim, analisamos o comportamento dos espectadores após a revelação da ficcionalidade da série, com base nas considerações peirceanas acerca de métodos de estabelecimento de crenças.

  12. Dr Charles Morehead MD (Edinburgh), FRCP (1807-1882): Pioneer in medical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandya, Sunil K

    2015-05-01

    Charles Morehead studied medicine in Edinburgh and Paris. Among his teachers were George Jardine (1742-1827) (moral philosophy), Professor William Pulteney Alison (1790-1859) (medicine), Pierre Louis (1787-1872) and René Laennec (1781-1826). He joined as Assistant Surgeon in the Bombay Medical Service of the East India Company and was appointed to the staff of Governor Sir Robert Grant (1779-1838). Grant and Morehead founded the Grant Medical College and Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy (1811-1877) Hospital in Bombay. Morehead established standards of medical education at these institutions far superior to those in Calcutta and Madras and, in some ways, to those in Britain. His emphasis on discipline, regular attendance, learning medicine at the bedside, the maintenance of detailed records on all patients and thorough evaluation of the progress made by students were salutary. While in London to recover his health, he wrote his classic book Clinical Researches on Disease in India for Indian doctors and those from Britain entering the Indian Medical Services. He lived in Edinburgh after retirement from India but continued to help teachers and students at his institutions in Bombay. PMID:24585609

  13. Bibliographic citations pertinent to the Weldon Spring Site, St. Charles County, Missouri

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is a compilation of 166 bibliographic references pertinent to the Weldon Spring Site (WSS), St. Charles County, Missouri. The WSS is a surplus US government facility which consists of the Weldon Spring Chemical Plant; two separate low-level radioactive waste storage properties, designated the ''raffinate pits'' and ''quarry'', and a number of potentially contaminated vicinity properties. The facility was used by the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1957 to 1966 to refine uranium. After several years the US Department of the Army acquired responsibility for the Weldon Spring Chemical Plant, performed some limited radiological decontamination, and then cancelled plans to construct a chemical process. Contamination of the facility and adjacent lands resulted from operation of the refining facility and the storage, transport, and disposal of process wastes on the property, as well as subsequent decontamination activities. All identified references to published technical documents that relate to the WSS were included in this report. In some cases citations from the reference section of existing documents were included in this report with no hardcopy to substantiate the existence of the document referenced

  14. Charles Bonnet syndrome: characteristics of its visual hallucinations and differential diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Cardoso Vale

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To present an eight-case serie of patients with Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS. Method: All patients were initially evaluated by an ophthalmologist and then submitted to a neurologic evaluation with exclusion of alternative psychiatric and neurologic diagnoses. Results: Five patients were male (62.5% and the mean age was 52.3+16.0 years. Two patients suffered from severe myopia and glaucoma, three had retinitis pigmentosa, one had anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, one had age-related macular degeneration and one had toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. Mean visual acuity in the right eye was 1,12 logMAR and in the left eye 0.57 logMAR. A mean delay of 41.7 months occurred until diagnosis. All hallucinations were complexes and mostly ocurred on a weekly-basis (62.5% and lasted for seconds (87.5%. Conclusions: Physicians who care for low vision patients should be aware of CBS and appropriately diagnose its hallucinations after exclusion of psychiatric and neurologic diseases.

  15. Zum Verhältnis Charles Darwins zu Alexander v. Humboldt und Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Werner

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and German.While it is well known that Charles Darwin and Alexander von Humboldt appreciated each other's work, Humboldt's influence on Darwin has not yet been thoroughly examined. The following paper shows to what extent Darwin was inspired by Humboldt's publications while writing his Origin of Species.Darwin paid special attention to Humboldt's observations on plant migration and throughout his whole scientific career he used Humboldt's books as a major source of information. In fact, Darwin's last annotations in his copy of the Personal Narrative of travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New continent during the Years 1799-1804 date back to the last weeks of his life.On the other hand, Darwin rejected many of Humboldt's scientific conclusions. The two authors differed in their assessment of Heinrich Bronn's biological research. Finally, Darwin was dissatisfied with Humboldtís last work Cosmos because it did not contain the information he expected. Darwinís collaboration with Humboldt's travel companion Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg proved to be similarly disappointing. Darwin sent 183 samples of infusoria to Berlin, but the results of Ehrenberg's analysis did not support Darwin's theory on evolution.

  16. The Essay on waters and other medical writings of Charles Lucas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, S J

    2015-09-01

    In recent years, more attention has been given to Charles Lucas's medical career, in its own way just as interesting and important as his better-known political campaigns. Lucas's first concentrated period of medical activity was in the 1730s, when he had qualified as an apothecary, the second in the 1750s, following his flight from Ireland and achievement of qualifications in medicine. Having been prominently involved in the campaign which led to the 1735 drugs regulation act, in 1741 Lucas published a pamphlet, Pharmacomastix, which detailed abuses common in the apothecary's trade and pressed for more radical controls. His most substantial medical work, An Essay on Waters, was published in London in 1756, being devoted to analysis of European spas and the promotion of hydrotherapy. Lucas was able to return to Ireland in 1761 and was elected MP for Dublin city. While politics occupied most of his time until his death in 1771, Lucas maintained his interest in matters medical, securing the passage of another drugs regulation act in 1761, which remarkably is still on the Irish statute book. PMID:25618171

  17. Metode dan Pendekatan dalam Studi Islam: Pembacaan atas Pemikiran Charles J. Adams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luluk Fikri Zuhriyah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Islam has been an interesting object of study for both Muslims and non-Muslims over a long period of time. A number of methods and approaches have also been introduced. In due time, Islam is now no longer understood solely as a doctrine or a set of belief system. Nor is it interpreted merely as an historical process. Islam is a social system comprising of a complex web of human experience. Islam does not only consist of formal codes that individuals should look at and obey. It also contains some cultural, political and economic values. Islam is a civilization. Given the complex nature of Islam it is no longer possible to deal with it from a single point of view. An inter-disciplinary perspective is required. In the West, social and humanities sciences have long been introduced in the study of religion; studies that put a stronger emphasis on what we currently know as the history of religion, psychology of religion, sociology of religion and so on. This kind of approach in turn, is also applied in the Western studies of the Eastern religions and communities. Islam as a religion is also dealt with in this way in the West. It is treated as part of the oriental culture to the extent that—as Muhammad Abdul Raouf has correctly argued—Islamic studies became identical to the oriental studies. By all means, the West preceded the Muslims in studying Islam from modern perspectives; perspective that puts more emphasis on social, cultural, behavioral, political and economic aspects. Among the Western scholars that approach Islam from this angle is Charles Joseph Adams whose thought this research is interested to explore.

  18. CharlesTaylor, phronesis, and medicine: ethics and interpretation in illness narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Dawson Stafford; Flasher, Lydia Victoria

    2011-08-01

    This paper provides a brief overview and critique of the dominant objectivist understanding and use of illness narrative in Enlightenment (scientific) medicine and ethics, as well as several revisionist accounts, which reflect the evolution of this approach. In light of certain limitations and difficulties endemic in the objectivist understanding of illness narrative, an alternative phronesis approach to medical ethics influenced by Charles Taylor's account of the interpretive nature of human agency and language is examined. To this end, the account of interpretive medical responsibility previously described by Schultz and Carnevale as "clinical phronesis" (based upon Taylor's notion of "strong" or "radical evaluation") is reviewed and expanded. The thesis of this paper is that illness narrative has the ability to benefit patients as well as the potential to cause harm or iatrogenic effects. This benefit or harm is contingent upon how the story is told and understood. Consequently, these tales are not simply "nice stories," cathartic gestures, or mere supplements to scientific procedures and decision making, as suggested by the objectivist approach. Rather, they open the agent to meanings that provide a context for explanation and evaluation of illness episodes and therapeutic activities. This understanding provides indicators (guides) for right action. Hence, medical responsibility as clinical phronesis involves, first, the patient and provider's coformulation and cointerpretation of what is going on in the patient's illness narrative, and second, the patient and provider's response to interpretation of the facts of illness and what they signify-not simply a response to the brute facts of illness, alone. The appeal to medical responsibility as clinical phronesis thus underscores the importance of getting the patient's story of illness right. It is anticipated that further elaboration concerning the idea of clinical phronesis as interpretive illness narrative will

  19. Original article University students with learning disabilities at the Faculty of Education, Charles University in Prague

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Kucharská

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The paper deals with learning disabilities (LD of university students in the Czech Republic. The first part describes most common trends in professional care of students with LD in historical context, the second part analyses contemporary situation of support of students with LD during their university studies. Pivotal part of the text describes the situation at Faculty of Education, Charles University in Prague, from the perspective of state LD students, their difficulties and means of possible support. PARTICIPANTS AND PROCEDURE Qualitative analysis of functional diagnostics took place in the frame of evidence of 15 students with learning disabilities. Focal point of the functional diagnostics is a structured interview in which an identification of needed modification for studying with specific educational needs of students with LD takes place. RESULTS From our analyses it can be stated, that students with LD apply for registration basing on their experience with high school status of a student with SD, or that their decision is influenced by their current study problems or the fact that they went through a modified entrance exam. We have also discovered the fact, that except for the difficulties which result from the type and degree of the disability and which can be compensated by specific approaches, students also need an emotional and social support. Learning disability is not, however, perceived only as a disadvantage, many students have stated that it has motivated them in their further development. CONCLUSIONS Achieved results point to general specifics to the perceived difficulties, to the specifics of the concrete degrees and to the further personal (emotional, social characteristics of LD students and they support recommended modification for successful studies.

  20. Volume reduction of the jugular foramina in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with syringomyelia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt Martin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Understanding the pathogenesis of the chiari-like malformation in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS is incomplete, and current hypotheses do not fully explain the development of syringomyelia (SM in the spinal cords of affected dogs. This study investigates an unconventional pathogenetic theory for the development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF pressure waves in the subarachnoid space in CKCS with SM, by analogy with human diseases. In children with achondroplasia the shortening of the skull base can lead to a narrowing of the jugular foramina (JF between the cranial base synchondroses. This in turn has been reported to cause a congestion of the major venous outflow tracts of the skull and consequently to an increase in the intracranial pressure (ICP. Amongst brachycephalic dog breeds the CKCS has been identified as having an extremely short and wide braincase. A stenosis of the JF and a consequential vascular compromise in this opening could contribute to venous hypertension, raising ICP and causing CSF jets in the spinal subarachnoid space of the CKCS. In this study, JF volumes in CKCSs with and without SM were compared to assess a possible role of this pathologic mechanism in the development of SM in this breed. Results Computed tomography (CT scans of 40 CKCSs > 4 years of age were used to create three-dimensional (3D models of the skull and the JF. Weight matched groups (7–10 kg of 20 CKCSs with SM and 20 CKCSs without SM were compared. CKCSs without SM presented significantly larger JF -volumes (median left JF: 0.0633 cm3; median right JF: 0.0703 cm3; p 3; median right JF: 0.0434 cm3; p Conclusion A stenosis of the JF and consecutive venous congestion may explain the aetiology of CSF pressure waves in the subarachnoid space, independent of cerebellar herniation, as an additional pathogenetic factor for the development of SM in this breed.

  1. Regional economic impacts of current and proposed management alternatives for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koontz, Lynne; Sexton, Natalie; Ishizaki, Asuka; Ritten, John

    2013-01-01

    The National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 requires all units of the National Wildlife Refuge System to be managed under a Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP). The CCP must describe the desired future conditions of a refuge and provide long-range guidance and management direction to achieve refuge purposes. Charles M. Russell (CMR) National Wildlife Refuge, located in north-central Montana, is in the process of developing a range of management goals, objectives, and strategies for the CCP. The CCP for the Refuge must contain an analysis of expected effects associated with current and proposed refuge-management strategies. For refuge CCP planning, an economic analysis provides a means of estimating how current management (No Action Alternative) and proposed management activities (Alternatives) affect the local economy. This type of analysis provides two critical pieces of information: (1) it illustrates a refuge’s contribution to the local community; and (2) it can help in determining whether economic effects are or are not a real concern in choosing among management alternatives. It is important to note that the economic value of a refuge encompasses more than just the impacts on the regional economy. Refuges also provide substantial nonmarket values (values for items not exchanged in established markets) such as maintaining endangered species, preserving wetlands, educating future generations, and adding stability to the ecosystem (Carver and Caudill, 2007). However, quantifying these types of nonmarket values is beyond the scope of this study. This report first presents a description of the local community and economy near the Refuge. Next, the methods used to conduct a regional economic impact analysis are described. An analysis of the final CCP management strategies that could affect stakeholders and residents and the local economy is then presented. The refuge management activities of economic concern in this analysis are:

  2. Charles Bonnet syndrome: evidence for a generative model in the cortex?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichert, David P; Seriès, Peggy; Storkey, Amos J

    2013-01-01

    Several theories propose that the cortex implements an internal model to explain, predict, and learn about sensory data, but the nature of this model is unclear. One condition that could be highly informative here is Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS), where loss of vision leads to complex, vivid visual hallucinations of objects, people, and whole scenes. CBS could be taken as indication that there is a generative model in the brain, specifically one that can synthesise rich, consistent visual representations even in the absence of actual visual input. The processes that lead to CBS are poorly understood. Here, we argue that a model recently introduced in machine learning, the deep Boltzmann machine (DBM), could capture the relevant aspects of (hypothetical) generative processing in the cortex. The DBM carries both the semantics of a probabilistic generative model and of a neural network. The latter allows us to model a concrete neural mechanism that could underlie CBS, namely, homeostatic regulation of neuronal activity. We show that homeostatic plasticity could serve to make the learnt internal model robust against e.g. degradation of sensory input, but overcompensate in the case of CBS, leading to hallucinations. We demonstrate how a wide range of features of CBS can be explained in the model and suggest a potential role for the neuromodulator acetylcholine. This work constitutes the first concrete computational model of CBS and the first application of the DBM as a model in computational neuroscience. Our results lend further credence to the hypothesis of a generative model in the brain. PMID:23874177

  3. Charles Bonnet syndrome: evidence for a generative model in the cortex?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David P Reichert

    Full Text Available Several theories propose that the cortex implements an internal model to explain, predict, and learn about sensory data, but the nature of this model is unclear. One condition that could be highly informative here is Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS, where loss of vision leads to complex, vivid visual hallucinations of objects, people, and whole scenes. CBS could be taken as indication that there is a generative model in the brain, specifically one that can synthesise rich, consistent visual representations even in the absence of actual visual input. The processes that lead to CBS are poorly understood. Here, we argue that a model recently introduced in machine learning, the deep Boltzmann machine (DBM, could capture the relevant aspects of (hypothetical generative processing in the cortex. The DBM carries both the semantics of a probabilistic generative model and of a neural network. The latter allows us to model a concrete neural mechanism that could underlie CBS, namely, homeostatic regulation of neuronal activity. We show that homeostatic plasticity could serve to make the learnt internal model robust against e.g. degradation of sensory input, but overcompensate in the case of CBS, leading to hallucinations. We demonstrate how a wide range of features of CBS can be explained in the model and suggest a potential role for the neuromodulator acetylcholine. This work constitutes the first concrete computational model of CBS and the first application of the DBM as a model in computational neuroscience. Our results lend further credence to the hypothesis of a generative model in the brain.

  4. El cambio climático global en la Patagonia desde el viaje de Charles Darwin hasta nuestros días The global climatic change in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego since voyage of Charles Darwin until present times

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Rabassa

    2010-01-01

    El viaje del Beagle que trajo a Charles Darwin a América del Sur entre 1832 y 1835 AD y en particular, al territorio argentino, se desarrolló bajo condiciones climáticas muy desfavorables: frías, secas y ventosas, correspondientes a las condiciones predominantes en la última fase de la pequeña edad del hielo, un episodio frío global que caracterizó a los siglos XVII, XVIII y XIX. Esta fase es conocida como mínimo de Dalton, en referencia a la disminución relativa de la frecuencia de las manch...

  5. Potential effects of structural controls and street sweeping on stormwater loads to the lower Charles River, Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarriello, Phillip J.; Breault, Robert F.; Weiskel, Peter K.

    2002-01-01

    The water quality of the lower Charles River is periodically impaired by combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and non-CSO stormwater runoff. This study examined the potential non-CSO load reductions of suspended solids, fecal coliform bacteria, total phosphorus, and total lead that could reasonably be achieved by implementation of stormwater best management practices, including both structural controls and systematic street sweeping. Structural controls were grouped by major physical or chemical process; these included infiltration-filtration (physical separation), biofiltration-bioretention (biological mechanisms), or detention-retention (physical settling). For each of these categories, upper and lower quartiles, median, and average removal efficiencies were compiled from three national databases of structural control performance. Removal efficiencies obtained indicated a wide range of performance. Removal was generally greatest for infiltration-filtration controls and suspended solids, and least for biofiltration-bioretention controls and fecal coliform bacteria. Street sweeping has received renewed interest as a water-quality control practice because of reported improvements in sweeper technology and the recognition that opportunities for implementing structural controls are limited in highly urbanized areas. The Stormwater Management Model that was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey for the lower Charles River Watershed was modified to simulate the effects of street sweeping in a single-family land-use basin. Constituent buildup and washoff variable values were calibrated to observed annual and storm-event loads. Once calibrated, the street sweeping model was applied to various permutations of four sweeper efficiencies and six sweeping frequencies that ranged from every day to once every 30 days. Reduction of constituent loads to the lower Charles River by the combined hypothetical practices of structural controls and street sweeping was estimated for a range

  6. The forgotten successes and sacrifices of Charles Kellaway, director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, 1923-1944.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbins, Peter G; Winkel, Kenneth D

    Charles Halliley Kellaway (1889-1952) was one of the first Australians to make a full-time career of medical research. He built his scientific reputation on studies of snake venoms and anaphylaxis. Under Kellaway's directorship, the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute gained worldwide acclaim, and he played a critical role in its success between the world wars. His administrative and financial strategies in the era before the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) helped local medical research weather the Depression and gain a strong foothold by World War II. PMID:18072902

  7. Evaluation of Strategies for Balancing Water Use and Streamflow Reductions in the Upper Charles River Basin, Eastern Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggleston, Jack R.

    2004-01-01

    The upper Charles River basin, located 30 miles southwest of Boston, Massachusetts, is experiencing water shortages during the summer. Towns in the basin have instituted water-conservation programs and water-use bans to reduce summertime water use. During July through October, streamflow in the Charles River and its tributaries regularly falls below 0.50 cubic foot per second per square mile, the minimum streamflow used by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as its Aquatic Base Flow standard for maintaining healthy freshwater ecosystems. To examine how human water use could be changed to mitigate these water shortages, a numerical ground-water flow model was modified and used in conjunction with response coefficients and optimization techniques. Streamflows at 10 locations on the Charles River and its tributaries were determined under various water-use scenarios and climatic conditions. A variety of engineered solutions to the water shortages were examined for their ability to increase water supplies and summertime streamflows. Results indicate that although human water use contributes to the problem of low summertime streamflows, human water use is not the only, or even the primary, cause of low flows in the basin. The lowest summertime streamflows increase by 12 percent but remain below the Aquatic Base Flow standard when all public water-supply pumpage and wastewater flows in the basin are eliminated in a simulation under average climatic conditions. Under dry climatic conditions, the same measures increase the lowest average monthly streamflow by 95 percent but do not increase it above the Aquatic Base Flow standard. The most promising water-management strategies to increase streamflows and water supplies, based on the study results, include wastewater recharge to the aquifer, altered management of pumping well schedules, regional water-supply sharing, and water conservation. In a scenario that simulated towns sharing water supplies, streamflow in the Charles

  8. Charles Taylor o la mejora de nuestro retrato moral (Realismo moral, historia de la subjetividad y lenguaje expresivo)

    OpenAIRE

    Thiebaut, Carlos

    1991-01-01

    Not available.

    El presente artículo presenta parte de los últimos trabajos de Charles Taylor en los que ha desarrollado un programa neohegeliano de comprensión de la ética que acentúa los supuestos sociales, comunitarios e históricos de la moral. Ubicándolo en su contexto, se subrayan tres elementos de ese programa que articulan algunas criticas al mismo: el carácter del realismo moral del que se reviste, el acento en la historia de la subjetividad como camino de entrada a ...

  9. The dandy and the historical ragpicker : a study of contrary responses to modernity of Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Guan, Beibei; 关贝贝

    2014-01-01

    The period of “modernity” has shaped the artistic and intellectual works of both Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin and – as a result – has informed our understanding of this formative period of European history. While both writers engage with the period in 19th century Paris, both arrive at fundamentally different appraisals of some of its artefacts: the commodity, the roles of the “flâneur”, and the prostitute. Tracing the difference of both author’s experiences through their writing, t...

  10. Explosive Volcanic Activity at Extreme Depths: Evidence from the Charles Darwin Volcanic Field, Cape Verdes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwasnitschka, T.; Devey, C. W.; Hansteen, T. H.; Freundt, A.; Kutterolf, S.

    2013-12-01

    Volcanic eruptions on the deep sea floor have traditionally been assumed to be non-explosive as the high-pressure environment should greatly inhibit steam-driven explosions. Nevertheless, occasional evidence both from (generally slow-) spreading axes and intraplate seamounts has hinted at explosive activity at large water depths. Here we present evidence from a submarine field of volcanic cones and pit craters called Charles Darwin Volcanic Field located at about 3600 m depth on the lower southwestern slope of the Cape Verdean Island of Santo Antão. We examined two of these submarine volcanic edifices (Tambor and Kolá), each featuring a pit crater of 1 km diameter, using photogrammetric reconstructions derived from ROV-based imaging followed by 3D quantification using a novel remote sensing workflow, aided by sampling. The measured and calculated parameters of physical volcanology derived from the 3D model allow us, for the first time, to make quantitative statements about volcanic processes on the deep seafloor similar to those generated from land-based field observations. Tambor cone, which is 2500 m wide and 250 m high, consists of dense, probably monogenetic medium to coarse-grained volcaniclastic and pyroclastic rocks that are highly fragmented, probably as a result of thermal and viscous granulation upon contact with seawater during several consecutive cycles of activity. Tangential joints in the outcrops indicate subsidence of the crater floor after primary emplacement. Kolá crater, which is 1000 m wide and 160 m deep, appears to have been excavated in the surrounding seafloor and shows stepwise sagging features interpreted as ring fractures on the inner flanks. Lithologically, it is made up of a complicated succession of highly fragmented deposits, including spheroidal juvenile lapilli, likely formed by spray granulation. It resembles a maar-type deposit found on land. The eruption apparently entrained blocks of MORB-type gabbroic country rocks with

  11. Darwinian hydrology: can the methodology Charles Darwin pioneered help hydrologic science?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harman, C.; Troch, P. A.

    2013-05-01

    There have been repeated calls for a Darwinian approach to hydrologic science or for a synthesis of Darwinian and Newtonian approaches, to deepen understanding the hydrologic system in the larger landscape context, and so develop a better basis for predictions now and in an uncertain future. But what exactly makes a Darwinian approach to hydrology "Darwinian"? While there have now been a number of discussions of Darwinian approaches, many referencing Harte (2002), the term is potentially a source of confusion while its connections to Darwin remain allusive rather than explicit. Here we discuss the methods that Charles Darwin pioneered to understand a variety of complex systems in terms of their historical processes of change. We suggest that the Darwinian approach to hydrology follows his lead by focusing attention on the patterns of variation in populations, seeking hypotheses that explain these patterns in terms of the mechanisms and conditions that determine their historical development, using deduction and modeling to derive consequent hypotheses that follow from a proposed explanation, and critically testing these hypotheses against new observations. It is not sufficient to catalogue the patterns or predict them statistically. Nor is it sufficient for the explanations to amount to a "just-so" story not subject to critical analysis. Darwin's theories linked present-day variation to mechanisms that operated over history, and could be independently test and falsified by comparing new observations to the predictions of corollary hypotheses they generated. With a Darwinian framework in mind it is easy to see that a great deal of hydrologic research has already been done that contributes to a Darwinian hydrology - whether deliberately or not. The various heuristic methods that Darwin used to develop explanatory theories - extrapolating mechanisms, space for time substitution, and looking for signatures of history - have direct application in hydrologic science. Some

  12. Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, directional selection, and the evolutionary sciences today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich

    2009-11-01

    The book On the Origin of Species, published in November 1859, is an “abstract” without references, compiled by Charles Darwin from a much longer manuscript entitled “Natural Selection.” Here, I summarize the five theories that can be extracted from Darwin’s monograph, explain the true meaning of the phrase “struggle for life” (i.e., competition and cooperation), and outline Darwin’s original concept of natural selection in populations of animals and plants. Since neither Darwin nor Alfred R. Wallace distinguished between stabilizing and directional natural selection, the popular argument that “selection only eliminates but is not creative” is still alive today. However, I document that August Weismann ( Die Bedeutung der sexuellen Fortpflanzung für die Selektions-Theorie. Gustav Fischer-Verlag, Jena, 1886) and Ivan Schmalhausen ( Factors of evolution. The theory of stabilizing selection. The Blackiston Company, Philadelphia, 1949) provided precise definitions for directional (dynamic) selection in nature and illustrate this “Weismann-Schmalhausen principle” with respect to the evolutionary development of novel phenotypes. Then, the modern (synthetic) theory of biological evolution that is based on the work of Theodosius Dobzhansky ( Genetics and the origin of species. Columbia University Press, New York, 1937) and others, and the expanded version of this system of theories, are outlined. Finally, I document that symbiogenesis (i.e., primary endosymbiosis, a process that gave rise to the first eukaryotic cells), ongoing directional natural selection, and the dynamic Earth (plate tectonics, i.e., geological events that both created and destroyed terrestrial and aquatic habitats) were the key processes responsible for the documented macroevolutionary patterns in all five kingdoms of life. Since the evolutionary development of the earliest archaic bacteria more than 3,500 mya, the biosphere of our dynamic planet has been dominated by

  13. Darwinian hydrology: can the methodology Charles Darwin pioneered help hydrologic science?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Harman

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available There have been repeated calls for a Darwinian approach to hydrologic science or for a synthesis of Darwinian and Newtonian approaches, to deepen understanding the hydrologic system in the larger landscape context, and so develop a better basis for predictions now and in an uncertain future. But what exactly makes a Darwinian approach to hydrology "Darwinian"? While there have now been a number of discussions of Darwinian approaches, many referencing Harte (2002, the term is potentially a source of confusion while its connections to Darwin remain allusive rather than explicit. Here we discuss the methods that Charles Darwin pioneered to understand a variety of complex systems in terms of their historical processes of change. We suggest that the Darwinian approach to hydrology follows his lead by focusing attention on the patterns of variation in populations, seeking hypotheses that explain these patterns in terms of the mechanisms and conditions that determine their historical development, using deduction and modeling to derive consequent hypotheses that follow from a proposed explanation, and critically testing these hypotheses against new observations. It is not sufficient to catalogue the patterns or predict them statistically. Nor is it sufficient for the explanations to amount to a "just-so" story not subject to critical analysis. Darwin's theories linked present-day variation to mechanisms that operated over history, and could be independently test and falsified by comparing new observations to the predictions of corollary hypotheses they generated. With a Darwinian framework in mind it is easy to see that a great deal of hydrologic research has already been done that contributes to a Darwinian hydrology – whether deliberately or not. The various heuristic methods that Darwin used to develop explanatory theories – extrapolating mechanisms, space for time substitution, and looking for signatures of history – have direct application in

  14. 'A Photographic Scramble through Spain': El papel del libro de Charles Clifford en la divulgación de una imagen de España / An image of Spain in Charles Clifford’s book

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Bullough

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Al fotógrafo británico, Charles Clifford (1819-1863 se le conoce como uno de los pioneros de la fotografía comercial en España. Sin embargo, hasta ahora, poco se sabe sobre el papel que jugó su libro A Photographic Scramble through Spain como complemento a sus fotografías. Este trabajo analiza el uso del libro, no sólo como herramienta comercial, sino en su papel de proyectar la imagen de España que Clifford deseaba mostrar a sus clientes y lectores en el Reino Unido.The British photographer, Charles Clifford (1819-1863 is best known as one of the pioneers of commercial photography in Spain. However, until now, little has been said about the role of his book, A Photographic Scramble through Spain as a complement to his photographs. This study will show how Clifford not only used the book as a commercial instrument but also as a means to convey the image of Spain that he wished to show to his potential buyers and readers in the United Kingdom 

  15. 3D-Reconstruction of recent volcanic activity from ROV-video, Charles Darwin Seamounts, Cape Verdes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwasnitschka, T.; Hansteen, T. H.; Kutterolf, S.; Freundt, A.; Devey, C. W.

    2011-12-01

    As well as providing well-localized samples, Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) produce huge quantities of visual data whose potential for geological data mining has seldom if ever been fully realized. We present a new workflow to derive essential results of field geology such as quantitative stratigraphy and tectonic surveying from ROV-based photo and video material. We demonstrate the procedure on the Charles Darwin Seamounts, a field of small hot spot volcanoes recently identified at a depth of ca. 3500m southwest of the island of Santo Antao in the Cape Verdes. The Charles Darwin Seamounts feature a wide spectrum of volcanic edifices with forms suggestive of scoria cones, lava domes, tuff rings and maar-type depressions, all of comparable dimensions. These forms, coupled with the highly fragmented volcaniclastic samples recovered by dredging, motivated surveying parts of some edifices down to centimeter scale. ROV-based surveys yielded volcaniclastic samples of key structures linked by extensive coverage of stereoscopic photographs and high-resolution video. Based upon the latter, we present our workflow to derive three-dimensional models of outcrops from a single-camera video sequence, allowing quantitative measurements of fault orientation, bedding structure, grain size distribution and photo mosaicking within a geo-referenced framework. With this information we can identify episodes of repetitive eruptive activity at individual volcanic centers and see changes in eruptive style over time, which, despite their proximity to each other, is highly variable.

  16. Die ‘vergroening’ van die Christelike godsdiens: Charles Darwin, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin en Lloyd Geering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izak J.J. (Sakkie Spangenberg

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The greening of Christianity: Charles Darwin, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and Lloyd Geering. Since the time of Charles Darwin, evolutionary biology challenged the metanarrative of Christianity which can be summarised as Fall-Redemption-Judgement. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin tried to circumvent these challenges by integrating the traditional Christian doctrines with evolutionary biology. However, he did not succeed since the Catholic Church, time and again, vetoed his theological publications. A number of Protestant theologians promoted his views but even they could not convince ordinary Christians to accept his views. These were too esoteric for Christians. Most of them were convinced that the acceptance of the theory of evolution will eventually undermine their faith. In recent years Lloyd Geering argued a case for the creation of a new narrative in which the Big Bang and the theory of evolution do play a role. He calls it the ‘Greening of Christianity’. This article discusses the metanarrative of Christianity and the challenges the theory of evolution presents before it assesses the views of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and Lloyd Geering.

  17. Charles River Sprague Dawley Rats Lack Early Age-Dependent Susceptibility to DMBA-Induced Mammary Carcinogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.B. Gear, M. Yan, J. Schneider, P. Succop, S.C. Heffelfinger, D.J. Clegg

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Developmental stages of mammary glands influence their susceptibility to initiating events related to carcinogenesis. The “window of susceptibility” to mammary carcinogenesis is classically defined as the time in early puberty when the mammary gland morphology is most sensitive to initiation events. Administration of the polyaromatic hydrocarbon, 7,12-dimethylbenz(aanthracene (DMBA, in a single oral dose yields maximal mammary tumor formation when administered in this “window”. We examined the DMBA treated mammary glands, precursor lesions, and morphology of the uninvolved mammary epithelium for the first 100 days of life for Charles River Sprague Dawley CDR IGS. Our goal was to determine the DMBA dose at which 50% of the rats (IC50 developed carcinoma in situ (CIS within three months of dosing. Here we demonstrate, rather than the classical U-shaped dose curve in which there is maximum sensitivity for DMBA at 50 days, there is an increasing degree of sensitivity with age in the CDR IGS rat. Additionally, we report that vehicle-treated animals developed mammary CIS without any known initiator, and 100 day virgin animals demonstrated lactational changes, independent of DMBA exposure or dose. Lastly, we demonstrate this strain of virgin female rats has elevated pituitary prolactin immunoreactivity independent of the level of mammary differentiation. We conclude this strain of Charles River Sprague Dawley rats has prolactin-induced pituitary stimulation, and therefore, the window of susceptibility for mammary tumorigenesis is absent.

  18. The socio-hydrologic evolution of human-flood interactions on the Charles and Mystic River, eastern Massachusetts, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertz, Z.

    2015-12-01

    Socio-hydrology is an emerging subdiscipline for identifying the emergent properties of human-flood interactions. The Charles and the Mystic Rivers, in eastern Massachusetts, have been the subject of such interactions for hundreds of years. Over time, human dependency and settlement have altered the natural conditions of the rivers, and changed the potential for flood occurrence and property damage. As a result, flood management strategies have been enacted to counter this potential. Before we can assess how human vulnerability and actions related to river flooding will change under future climate conditions, we must first document the evolution of flooding and flood management and understand the motivations and thresholds of response that describe how the system has evolved in the past. We have mined historical data from traditional and non-traditional sources and have developed "mental models" from in-depth interviews of key personnel. We will present the socio-hydrological history of the Charles and Mystic Rivers and recommend how this information can inform future flood management strategies in the face of climate change.

  19. Tratamento do neuroma de Morton via plantar: avaliação retrospectiva dos resultados cirúrgicos Norton's neuroma treatment through plantar port: retrospective assessment of surgical outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caio Augusto de Souza Nery

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Com a finalidade de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica, envolvendo a neurectomia por via plantar, transversa, fora da zona de carga, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 217 pacientes foram submetidos a este tratamento.Um total de 264 pés foram observados, sendo 32,2% no pé direito, 46,1% no pé esquerdo e 21,7% bilateralmente.Quanto ao sexo, foram observadas ocorrências de 86,6% no sexo feminino e 13,4% masculino.Quanto a localização, 83,5% (220 neuromas estavam presentes no terceiro espaço interdigital, 7,5% no segundo espaço, com presença de bilateralidade em 47 pacientes.O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 7,5 anos, variando de 4 a 216 meses, com resultado satisfatório e regulares em 95,8% dos pacientes no total, com apenas 11 pacientes (4,2% insatisfeitos com o tratamento de forma global.Os autores concluem, por tanto, que a neurectomia por via plantar transversa é uma opção satisfatória, com boa visibilização anatômica do neuroma, evoluindo com boa cicatrização, retorno precoce às atividades e satisfação do paciente com o resultado alcançado.With the objective of assessing the effectiveness of the surgical technique involving neurectomy through plantar, cross-sectional port out of the load zone in individuals with Morton’s neuroma, 217 patients were submitted to this treatment. A total of 264 feet were observed, being 32.2% right feet, 46.1% left feet, and 21.7% bilaterally. Regarding gender, 86.6% of the occurrences were seen in women, and 13.4% in men. Regarding the site, 83.5% (220 neuromas were present at the third interdigital space, 7.5% at the second space, and 47 patients presented it bilaterally. The average follow-up time was 7.5 years, ranging from 4 to 216 months, with satisfactory and fair outcomes in 95.8% of all patients, with only 11 patients (4.2% not satisfied with the overall treatment. The authors conclude, therefore, that neurectomy through cross-sectional plantar port is a

  20. Como era ardiloso o meu francês: Charles-Marie de la Condamine e a Amazônia das Luzes How cunning was my little Frenchman: Charles-Marie de la Condamine and the eighteenth-century Amazon

    OpenAIRE

    Neil Safier

    2009-01-01

    Este artigo discute as ferramentas bibliográficas e etnográficas utilizadas por Charles-Marie de la Condamine (1701-1774) ao representar o rio Amazonas ao público europeu em meados do século XVIII. Partindo de uma análise das suas descrições de populações indígenas e das fontes que La Condamine aproveitou ao longo de sua viagem rio abaixo, destacam-se as estratégias narrativas que lhe possibilitaram escrever um texto repleto de observações supostamente de primeira mão. O artigo também analisa...

  1. ARTE GÓTICO Y PAISAJE SUBLIME. EL VIAJE DE CHARLES-ÉDOUARD JEANNERET A LA TOSCANA EN 1907

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Américo Hidalgo Hermosilla

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN. En este artículo se exponen dos aspectos centrales del viaje de Ch-E. Jeanneret a Italia, en 1907, en la que fue su primera experiencia de aprendizaje viajando, es decir, a partir de la observación directa de las obras de arte que le interesaba reconocer, pero aún guiada por los dictámenes de su maestro, Charles L'Eplattenier, el cual, a su vez, en aquella época estaba muy influido por los criterios estéticos y de enseñanza del dibujo de John Ruskin. Un primer aspecto, se refiere a su preferencia por obras de arte de la Edad Media, y cuyo acento estaba en la ornamentación. El segundo, tenía que ver con una particular dimensión paisajística del lugar al cual se desplazaba: la Toscana, que llevaba completamente idealizada, desde el imaginario romántico. A partir de estas dos instancias, podemos sintetizar la índole de sus intereses de juventud, como así mismo, la forma en que se aproximaba al mundo. Por tanto, el objetivo de este artículo es revelar aspectos por mucho tiempo desconocidos relativos a la etapa de formación de uno de los arquitectos más influyentes del siglo XX. SUMMARY. This article explores two central aspects of the journey by Charles-Édouard Jeanneret to Italy in 1907. It was his first experience of learning through the direct observation of the art works that he was interested in seeing while travelling. At this stage, he was still guided by the opinions of his teacher, Charles L'Eplattenier, who at the time was very influenced by the aesthetic criteria and the drawing teachings of John Ruskin. The first aspect relates to the preference of Jeanneret for works of art of the Middle-Ages, the accent of which was on ornamentation. The second relates to the particular scenic dimension of the place to which he travelled, Tuscany, which had been completely idealized by romantic imagination. From these two aspects we can synthesise the nature of his youthful interests and also the way in which he approached

  2. Outshone by the south: the financial-economic situation in the northern part of the low countries during the reign of Charles V (1500-1558)

    OpenAIRE

    C. van Renselaar

    1999-01-01

    This report describes the financial-economic situation in the northern part of the low Countries during the reign of Charles V (1500-1558). In this period the foundations were laid for the fenomenal economic expansion of the Dutch Republic in the 17th century.

  3. Charles Darwin in Australia; or How To Introduce Some Local Colour to the Teaching of Evolution, Geology, Meteorology, and the Determination of Longitude.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholas, Frank W.

    The background to Charles Darwin's little-known visit to Australia, and the account of his experiences while here, provide some invaluable historical material for teaching evolution, geology, meteorology, and the determination of longitude. Indeed, by using his Australian experiences as a foundation, it is possible to explain the theory of…

  4. In Response: "Psychology Is a Behavioral Science, Not a Biological Science", by Gary Greenberg and Charles Lambdin--Correct Conclusion, Unsound Arguments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Gary Greenberg and Charles Lambdin's review (in the summer 2007 issue) does an excellent job of summarizing the contents of Uttal's book "Neural Theories of Mind: Why the Mind-Brain Problem May Never Be Solved" (hereafter NTM). These authors make several insightful comments about the issues raised in NTM. In this response, the author disagrees,…

  5. Images of the Recent Past: Readings in Historical Archaeology, edited by Charles E. Orser Jr. Altamira Press, Walnut Creek, 1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Malin-Boyce

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available When searching for a reader in historical archaeology this volume is the place to start. Charles Orser has collected some fine examples of historical archaeology for this publication that spans over a decade of research. They introduc emethod, theory, the underlying philosophical issues behind theory, and the appli­cation of all of these to archaeological data sets of the historic period. The volume is organized thematically into six sections each with its own introduction. In all there are twenty chapters and Orser's introduction to the volume. The first and final sections offer perspectives on the state of historical archaeology as an endeavor, both in the United States and abroad. The remainder of the volume presents case studies in several categories. Though these categories seem somewhat arbitrary given the breadth of the material covered, they do serve to juxtapose articles facilitating an appreciation for the complementarity of varied approaches.

  6. Understanding Cultural Difference Management through Charles Taylor’s Philosophy: Case Studies from the Food Processing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Marleau Ouellet

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we use the work of the philosopher, Charles Taylor, to investigate the role of culture on internationalization decisions. Using parameters related to key constructs such as positive liberty, social ontology, expressivism, civic republicanism and common spaces, we look at how culture influences the decisions regarding corporate international expansion. This framework was applied in a multi-interview design in four firms from the food processing industry from France and Canada. Results showed an obvious sensitivity to cultural difference and that managerial practices surrounding this issue tended to be intuitive and emergent. These practices were not crystallized in the form of a conscious and deliberate organizational strategy for dealing with cultural difference when planning foreign market entry. Our findings triggered further reflections on managerial implications such as the importance of searching more explicitly for cultural and organizational anchors when reviewing location factors.

  7. ‘Domestic utility and useful lines: Jean-Charles Krafft’s and Thomas Hope’s outlines’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis H. Cohen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Through a study of design publications by the architect and draughtsman, Jean-Charles Krafft (1764-1833, and aristocrat and designer Thomas Hope (1769-1831, this paper examines how Neoclassicism’s material products – its architecture and objects of interior design – participated in an intellectual history of utility c. 1800. This paper gives special attention to the outline drawing, arguing that its graphic idiom is an integral feature of Krafft and Hope’s work, linking the value they ascribe to useful buildings and objects to ideas about how the lines of their illustrations were to participate both in design processes and in the promotion of neoclassical aesthetics.

  8. Influence and canonical supremacy: an analysis of how George Herbert Mead demoted Charles Horton Cooley in the sociological canon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Glenn

    2009-01-01

    This analysis assesses the factors underlying Charles Horton Cooley's place in the sociological canon as they relate to George Herbert Mead's puzzling diatribe-echoed in secondary accounts-against Cooley's social psychology and view of the self published scarcely a year after his death. The illocutionary act of publishing his critique stands as an effort to project the image of Mead's intellectual self and enhance his standing among sociologists within and outside the orbit of the University of Chicago. It expressed Mead's ambivalence toward his precursor Cooley, whose influence he never fully acknowledged. In addition, it typifies the contending fractal distinctions of the scientifically discursive versus literary styles of Mead and Cooley, who both founded the interpretive sociological tradition. The contrasting styles and attitudes toward writing of the two figures are discussed, and their implications for the problems of scale that have stymied the symbolic interactionist tradition are explored. PMID:19360893

  9. Charles Moureu : du Collège de France aux gaz de combat

    OpenAIRE

    Fontecave, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Les sentiments patriotique et nationaliste s’en trouvent exacerbés et jouent un rôle essentiel dans leurs choix professionnels et politiques. Si je m’attarde sur Charles Moureu, c’est en effet qu’il fut l’unique professeur nommé au Collège de France pendant les quatre ans du conflit. Ce sera en 1917, il avait 54 ans, sur la prestigieuse chaire de Chimie organique, succédant à Émile Jungfleisch lui-même successeur de Marcellin Berthelot. Il le méritait. Chimiste organicien de synthèse, élu à l...

  10. There is grandeur in this view of Newton: Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton and Victorian conceptions of scientific virtue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellon, Richard

    2014-01-01

    For Victorian men of science, the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century represented a moral awakening. Great theoretical triumphs of inductive science flowed directly from a philosophical spirit that embraced the virtues of self-discipline, courage, patience and humility. Isaac Newton exemplified this union of moral and intellectual excellence. This, at least, was the story crafted by scientific leaders like David Brewster, Thomas Chalmers, John Herschel, Adam Sedgwick and William Whewell. Not everyone accepted this reading of history. Evangelicals who decried the 'materialism' of mainstream science assigned a different meaning to Newton's legacy on behalf of their 'scriptural' alternative. High-church critics of science like John Henry Newman, on the other hand, denied that Newton's secular achievements carried any moral significance at all. These debates over Newtonian standards of philosophical behavior had a decisive influence on Charles Darwin as he developed his theory of evolution by natural selection. PMID:25455541

  11. Planning ideology and geographic thought in the early twentieth century: Charles Whitnall's progressive era park designs for socialist Milwaukee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Lorne A

    2010-01-01

    As Milwaukee’s chief park planner in the early to mid-twentieth century, Charles Whitnall responded to the various underlying ideologies of the period within which he worked. His preference for parks was a political and physical response to and remedy for the industrialized and heavily congested city he called home. By examining the Progressive Era discourse associated with planning, this article situates Whitnall’s work within the political, aesthetic, and environmental contexts of geographic thought that influenced his plans for Milwaukee. In promoting a physical awareness associated with the natural features of the region and responding to the sociopolitical framework of contemporaries such as Ebenezer Howard, Whitnall incorporated a sense of compassion within his planning. He responded to the preexisting beer gardens of Pabst and Schlitz, as well as Olmsted-designed park spaces, by advocating for decentralization as part of a broader socialist agenda that had swept through Milwaukee during the early 1900s. PMID:21140940

  12. Charles Michie Smith - founder of the Kodaikanal (Solar Physics) Observatory and beginnings of physical astronomy in India

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, N Kameswara; Birdie, Christina

    2014-01-01

    It has been about 115 years since the establishment of Kodaikanal Observatory as an extension of the original Madras Observatory, which has evolved into the present Indian Institute of Astrophysics at Bangalore. It is also the first mountain observatory in India. Charles Michie Smith was the man who selected the site, established the observatory and directed it for the first 12 years. He was also the man who recruited John Evershed, discoverer of the famous Evershed effect and established Kodaikanal Observatory as a major centre for solar physics. Michie Smith, the person and the establishment of Kodaikanal Observatory are discussed here in the context of the early studies in physical astronomy (observational astrophysics) in India.

  13. D'un roman à métamorphoses : la composition du Francion de Charles Sorel

    OpenAIRE

    Serroy, Jean

    2013-01-01

    Boursouflé, incohérent, excessif : si le Francion de Charles Sorel appelle ordinairement la qualification de baroque, c'est de façon péjorative, dans le sens à peu près où Quatremère de Quincy disait du baroque qu'il est le superlatif du bizarre. Il va sans dire qu'une telle approche ne saurait rendre compte que superficiellement et du baroque, et du roman. Toutefois, une lecture plus pénétrante ne garantit pas pour autant un jugement moins sévère. Ainsi, lorsque Henri Coulet reconnaît en Sor...

  14. Léopold Flameng et Charles Meryon : à propos d’un portrait conservé au Louvre

    OpenAIRE

    Page, Alexandre

    2014-01-01

    En 1858 Léopold Flameng, alors jeune graveur à la carrière montante, réalise un dessin de son confrère, Charles Meryon. Vouée originellement à demeurer un souvenir intime, cette œuvre est devenue la plus connue et la plus diffusée de son auteur, appartenant aux collections du Louvre et figurant aujourd’hui sous sa forme gravée, dans les cabinets d’arts graphiques des plus grands musées du monde. L’objet de cette étude sera de comprendre les raisons pour lesquelles ce dessin obtînt un tel succ...

  15. Naturalizing semiotics: The triadic sign of Charles Sanders Peirce as a systems property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilstrup, Mogens

    2015-12-01

    The father of pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce, gave in 1903 the following definition of a sign: "A Sign, or Representamen, is a First which stands in such a genuine triadic relation to a Second, called its Object, as to be capable of determining a Third, called its Interpretant, to assume the same triadic relation to its Object in which it stands itself to the same Object. The triadic relation is genuine, that is its three members are bound together by it in a way that does not consist in any complexus of dyadic relations". Despite its cult status and its pragmatic foundation, the Peircean sign has never revealed its true potential by being integrated into a formal system. In the present report, a reconstruction of the sign model is presented, which may at first appear somewhat obvious and superficial. However by use of the reconstructed model, the above statement and the majority of Peirce's other statements about the nature of signs fall into place. Instead of defining three links between Object (O), Representamen (R), and Interpretant (I), the sign is described as having a single three-dimensional link, specifying its location in a three dimensional (O,R,I) linkage space. To understand and explain sign function, the process of sign utilization (semiosis) has to be divided into two temporally separated phases, a sign-establishment phase where a three-dimensional link (Ψ(O,R,I)) is formed between three sign elements, and a later sign-interpretation phase where the established linkage is used for inferring significance to a novel phenomenon, if this satisfies the criteria for being a Representamen for the sign. Numerous statements from Peirce indicate that he used a two-staged semiosis paradigm although he did not state that explicitly. The three-dimensional model was primarily constructed for use in biosemiotics, as an exploratory frame for mapping the evolutionary establishment of sign links, which logically must have preceded the fixation of any regulatory

  16. The recurrent Morton neuroma: what now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, David R; Dean, Erin M

    2014-09-01

    Interdigital neuromas are a common cause of forefoot pain, and approximately 80% of patients require surgical excision for symptom relief. Although 50% to 85% of patients obtain relief after primary excision, symptoms may recur because of an incorrect diagnosis, inadequate resection, or adherence of pressure on a nerve stump neuroma. The symptom relief rate after reoperation is similar to that after primary excision. A plantar longitudinal incision provides optimal exposure, and transposition of the nerve stump into bone or muscle and avoids traction or pressure on the nerve ending that can result in a painful stump neuroma. Preoperative counseling is essential to align patient expectations with potential outcomes. PMID:25129354

  17. ORTHOIMAGERY, MORTON COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP acquires digital ortho imagery during the agricultural growing seasons...

  18. DCS Hydraulics Submission for Morton County, ND

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  19. Ciência e educação: a propósito do bicentenário do nascimento de Charles Darwin Science and education: about Charles Darwin's 200th birthday

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Pino

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa à evocação da memória do grande naturalista e cientista britânico Charles Darwin no bicentenário do seu nascimento. A melhor maneira de evocar sua memória é trazer à reflexão dos leitores as ideias de suas três obras maiores: A origem das espécies (1859, A descendência do homem (1871 e A expressão das emoções no homem e nos animais (1872. Após apresentar a importância e a oportunidade de Darwin no debate contemporâneo, o texto inicia com uma rápida referência aos antecedentes históricos da "teoria da evolução" e às reações que ela produz. Na sequência, a obra de Darwin é situada no contexto histórico da sua época. Apresenta-se também um breve histórico das três obras maiores e uma análise das suas principais ideias. Conclui-se o texto com uma indicação sumária de algumas questões que as ideias de Darwin colocam à ciência contemporânea e, em especial, à reflexão no campo da Educação.This paper evokes the memory of the British naturalist and scientist, Charles Darwin on his 200th birthday. The best way to do so is to invite our readers to reflect on some ideas of three books of his: The origin of species (1859, Descent of man (1871 and The expression of emotions in man and animals (1872. After presenting the importance and appropriateness of Darwin in the contemporaneous debate, the text rapidly explores the historical precedents of the so called "theory of evolution" and the reactions to it. It then situates Darwin's works in its historical context and presents a brief history of these three books and an analysis of their main ideas. As a conclusion, it summarizes how Darwin's ideas question contemporary science and, more particularly, the reflection in the field of education.

  20. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from CHARLES DARWIN in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean from 1986-12-20 to 1987-08-14 (NODC Accession 9000045)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) data with oxygen was collected off of Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea using Charles Darwin ship as part of Monsoon And...

  1. Oceanographic profile, temperature, salinity, oxygen, and other measurements collected using bottle casts from the CHARLES DARWIN in the North Atlantic from 27 April 1991 to 6 June 1991 (NODC Accession 0000509)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical, chemical, and nutrients data were collected from bottle casts in the North Atlantic from the CHARLES DARWIN from 27 April 1991 to 6 June 1991. Data were...

  2. 1980 annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge, Halfbreed National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge, War Horse National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1980 calendar...

  3. HENRY CHARLES LEA Y SU RED DE COLABORADORES LATINOAMERICANOS: RAZONES PARA ESTUDIAR EL SANTO OFICIO EN LA SEGUNDA MITAD DEL SIGLO XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Moreno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda en este artículo la vida y pensamiento de Henry Charles Lea en relación a sus estudios sobre la historia de la Inquisición española. Se esboza brevemente la red de colaboradores que Lea estableció en toda Latinoamérica así como su perfil político e intelectual, subrayando su importancia para la escritura de la obra The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies (1908. Finalmente, se plantean los motivos que llevaron a estos intelectuales a colaborar intensamente con el historiador norteamericano en el marco de los procesos de construcción de identidades sociales y políticas en Latinoamérica en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Se toma como eje conductor de este planteamiento la correspondencia de Juan María Gutiérrez con Henry Charles Lea.

  4. Volumenberechnung der Schädelhöhle mit Hilfe der Computertomographie bei verschiedenen Hunderassen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

    OpenAIRE

    Biel, Miriam

    2009-01-01

    Bei Toy-Rassen mit brachyzephaler Kopfform, und hier vor allem beim Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, kann eine Erkrankung nachgewiesen werden, die der Chiari Malformation Typ 1 des Menschen ähnelt und als Chiari-ähnliche Malformation bezeichnet wird. Bei diesem Krankheitsbild kommt es, ähnlich wie beim Menschen, zu einer Verlagerung kaudoventraler Kleinhirnanteile in das Foramen magnum. Der kraniospinale Übergang wird durch diese Verlagerungen eingeengt, was mit einer gestörten Liquorflussdyna...

  5. Comparison of the endocranial- and brain volumes in brachycephalic dogs, mesaticephalic dogs and Cavalier King Charles spaniels in relation to their body weight

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Martin J.; Amort, Kerstin H; Failing, Klaus; Klingler, Melanie; Kramer, Martin; Ondreka, Nele

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A number of studies have attempted to quantify the relative volumes of the endocranial volume and brain parenchyma in association with the pathogenesis of the Chiari-like malformation (CLM) in the Cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS). In our study we examine the influence of allometric scaling of the brain and cranial cavity volume on morphological parameters in different dog breeds. MRI scans of 110 dogs (35 mesaticephalic dogs, 35 brachycephalic dogs, 20 CKCSs with SM, and 20 CK...

  6. Tectonic design strategies. Two case studies. Eames House by Charles and Ray Eames and the Espansiva House by Jørn Utzon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, A.

    The tectonic realm of architecture concerns elements such as intentions and meaning - the process of translating visions into physical constructions - as well as the actual realization of building structures. This field of architectural making has been characterized by Kenneth Frampton as the poe...... becomes present in the detailing and consummation of the final result. The paper exlpores these questions though the housing schemes by Jørn Utzon and Charles Eames...

  7. Being, becoming, and God : toward a relational theology : a study in the doctrine of God, with special reference to the thought of John Macquarrie and Charles Hartshorne

    OpenAIRE

    Pratt, George Douglas

    1984-01-01

    This study in the doctrine of God, with special reference to the thought of John Macquarrie and Charles Hartshorne, addresses the issue of the relational problematic and suggests a potential resolution. The 'Relational Problematic' focusses on the notion of aseity and the doctrine of the Trinity. It concerns the ontological conundrum posed by, on the one hand, the insistence that the external relations God has are of no ontological consequence to him, together with, on the other hand, the ...

  8. Le coup d'oeil du scarab\\'ee : Charles Nordmann, ou pourquoi la guerre est l'affaire des savants

    CERN Document Server

    David, Aubin

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the wartime activities of the astronomer Charles Nordmann from the Paris Observatory. Nordmann was briefly mobilized in 1914 before starting to work on sound-ranging. He also wrote a witness account of the war as well as a monthly scientific chronicle in the influential Revue des Deux Mondes. We argue that his work can be interpretation as the conscious demonstration that war was the business of scientists.

  9. Le coup d'oeil du scarabée : Charles Nordmann, ou pourquoi la guerre est l'affaire des savants

    OpenAIRE

    Aubin, David

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the wartime activities of the astronomer Charles Nordmann from the Paris Observatory. Nordmann was briefly mobilized in 1914 before starting to work on sound-ranging. He also wrote a witness account of the war as well as a monthly scientific chronicle in the influential Revue des Deux Mondes. We argue that his work can be interpretation as the conscious demonstration that war was the business of scientists.

  10. Reducing CSOs and giving the river back to the public: innovative combined sewer overflow control and riverbanks restoration of the St. Charles River in Quebec City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fradet, Olivier; Pleau, Martin; Marcoux, Christiane

    2011-01-01

    After the construction of its wastewater treatment plants, the City of Quebec began to implement overflow control in wet weather to ultimately meet the effluent discharge objectives, i.e. no more than two overflows per summer season in the St. Lawrence River and no more than four in the St-Charles River. After several years of studies to determine which management strategies would best suit the purpose, and to propose optimum solutions, a first project to implement optimal and predictive management in real time, called "Pilot", came to life in 1999. Construction in phases soon followed and the work was completed in the fall of 2009. As a result, requirements with regard to environmental rejects were met in two sectors, namely the St-Charles River and the Jacques-Cartier Beach, and aquatic recreational activities could resume. Meanwhile, the City also worked at giving back access to the water courses to the public by developing sites at the Jacques-Cartier Beach and in the Bay of Beauport, and by rehabilitating the banks of the St-Charles River. PMID:21252439

  11. How to be (the Author of Born Again: Charles Colson and the Writing of Conversion in the Age of Evangelicalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kendrick Oliver

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Charles Colson’s Born Again was the most celebrated spiritual memoir of the 1970s evangelical revival, and remains the best-known book-length conversion narrative of the twentieth century. Its account of how Colson—notoriously ruthless as a political aide to President Nixon—abruptly invited Christ into his life in the late summer of 1973 following a long searching discussion with a Christian friend and of how he came to submit himself completely to God’s will, inspired evangelicals to hope that the broader national crisis of morals exemplified by Watergate might be purged by the fires of revival. Colson went on, as founder of the world’s largest prison ministry and as a leading evangelical thinker and writer, to place a highly-structured model of conversion at the centre of his ambitions for evangelical mission in the world. However, as revealed by his private papers, Colson’s own conversion experience was more complex and ambiguous than either his published memoir or later works of advocacy suggest. His editor, Leonard LeSourd, played a significant role in shaping Born Again to match the conceptual norms of popular evangelicalism and contribute the force of a recent, conspicuous and apparently secure example of individual spiritual rebirth to the wider evangelical project of religious revival.

  12. L’affectivité au coeur même de la cognition et du langage : Charles Bally et Petar Guberina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdanka Pavelin Lesic

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objectif de mettre en valeur la contribution de Charles Bally à la diversité linguistique contemporaine et en particulier son influence sur la linguistique de la parole de Petar Guberina. L’affectivité dans la cognition et dans l’expression est le sujet central des deux chercheurs. Nous parlerons d’abord du cadre théorique saussurien qui est le point de départ des deux linguistes. Ensuite nous suivrons le parcours de la linguistique stylistique à la théorie de l’énonciation et à la linguistique de la parole, ainsi que le passage théorique du sujet parlant au sujet communiquant. Autrement dit, dans la langue parlée et dans le discours, tout dépend du choix de l’Homme, être communiquant. La cognition et l’énonciation de l’être communiquant intègrent l’affectivité. Il n’y a ni pensée ni énonciation sans affectivité de l’être communiquant. C’est pourquoi il faut observer et expliquer la vraie valeur logique et affective des procédés humains de communication dans leur unité découlant d’une structuration dynamique permanente.

  13. The fossil mammals collected byCharles Darwin in South America during his travels on board the HMS Beagle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Fernicola

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Duringthe first two years of his voyage aboard HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin collected aconsiderable number of fossil mammals from various localities in Argentina andUruguay. Among these remains are those of large mammals that Darwin informallyassigned to Megatherium and Mastodon, the only large taxa thenknown for South America, and of small and mediumsized mammals that Darwinrecognized as representing at least two rodents and a horse. The study ofDarwin's collection was entrusted to Richard Owen, who described eleven taxabetween 1837 and 1845, including the six following ones: Toxodon platensis,Macrauchenia patachonica, Equus curvidens, Scelidotherium leptocephalum,Mylodon darwini and Glossotherium sp. This contribution provides asynthesis of Darwin's preliminary assignments and evaluates the reasons thatled him to recognize only megatheres and mastodonts for the large fossilremains. Also, it discusses the current taxonomic status of the taxa describedor erected by Owen between 1837 and 1845 and the influence that Owen'staxonomic and phylogenetic conclusions had on the development of Darwin's ideason evolution.

  14. Breaking the mould without breaking the system: the development and pilot of a clinical dashboard at The Prince Charles Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Kevin W; Whiting, Elizabeth; Rowland, Jeffrey; Thompson, Leah E; Missenden, Ian; Schellein, Gerhard

    2013-06-01

    There is a vast array of clinical and quality data available within healthcare organisations. The availability of this data in a timely and easy to visualise way is an essential component of high-performing healthcare teams. It is recognised that good quality information is a driver of performance for clinical teams and helps ensure best possible care for patients. In 2012 the Internal Medicine Program at The Prince Charles Hospital developed a clinical dashboard that displays locally relevant information alongside relevant hospital and statewide metrics that inform daily clinical decision making. The data reported on the clinical dashboard is driven from data sourced from the electronic patient journey board in real time as well as other Queensland Health data sources. This provides clinicians with easy access to a wealth of local unit data presented in a simple graphical format that is being captured locally and arranged on a single screen so the information can be monitored at a glance. Local unit data informs daily decisions that identify and confirm patient flow problems, assist to identify root causes and enable evaluation of patient flow solutions. PMID:23701819

  15. Zircon U-Pb ages and geochemistry of igneous and metamorphic rocks in the northern Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-grade metamorphic and felsic igneous rocks from the northern Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica, have been characterised geochemically and dated from SHRIMP zircon geochronological data. Around 980 Ma ago, voluminous magmas representing a combination of mantle-derived and intracrustal melts, including orthopyroxene- quartz monzonite ('charnockite') on Loewe Massif and granitic and syenitic intrusions on Mount Collins, were emplaced during a regional high-grade tectonothermal event. Garnet leucogneiss sheets on Mount McCanhy, the products of local partial melting, were also emplaced at about this time. The geology of Fisher Massif is exceptional in that a ca 1280-Ma metavolcanic sequence and coeval granodiorite have been metamorphosed only up to the lower amphibolite facies, and intruded by a ca 1020-Ma biotite granite. None of the analysed samples shows, in its isotopic systematics, the effects of 500-Ma events, prominent elsewhere in East Antarctica. Rare inherited components, 1850-1900 Ma old, were found in some samples. A paragneiss on Mount Meredith yielded 2500-2800-Ma and 1800-2100-Ma detrital zircon populations. (authors)

  16. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 7): Weldon Spring Quarry/Plant/Pits (USDOE), St. Charles, MO, September 30, 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Weldon Spring Quarry is one of two noncontiguous areas that constitute the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Weldon Spring site. The main area of the site is the chemical plant. Both areas are located in St. Charles County, Missouri, about 48 km (30 mi) west of St. Louis. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) listed the quarry on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987, and the chemical plant area was added to the list in 1989. The quarry is about 6.4 km (4 mi) south-southwest of the chemical plant area; it is accessible from State Route 94 and is currently fenced and closed to the public. The quarry is approximately 300 m (1,000 ft) long by 140 m (450 ft) wide and covers an area of approximately 3.6 ha (9 acres). The quarry was used by the Army for disposal of chemically contaminated (explosive) materials in the 1940s and was later used for the disposal of radioactively contaminated material by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in the 1960s. Approximately 110,000 m3 (144,000 yd3) of soil and waste material was removed from the quarry and transported to the chemical plant area as part of completing the remedial action stipulated in the Record of Decision (ROD) for the Quarry Bulk Waste Operable Unit (DOE 1990). Bulk waste removal was completed in October 1995. These wastes have been placed in the disposal cell at the chemical plant. Prior to bulk waste removal, contaminated water contained in the quarry pond was also removed; approximately 170 million liters (44 million gal) have been treated as of March 1998

  17. Comparative study on the growth of juvenile Galapagos giant tortoises (Geochelone nigra) at the Charles Darwin Research Station (Galapagos Islands, Ecuador) and Zoo Zurich (Zurich, Switzerland)

    OpenAIRE

    Furrer, S C; Hatt, J M; Snell, H; Marquez, C; Honegger, R E; A. Rübel

    2004-01-01

    In this study, the growth rates of a group of Galapagos giant tortoises raised in their natural habitat at the Charles Darwin Research Station (CDRS; Galapagos Islands, Ecuador) and a group of captive-bred specimens (Zoo Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland) were compared for the first time. A great discrepancy in growth rates was observed after the first year. When the animals were 4 years old, the carapace in the Zurich specimens was approximately twice as long as that in the CDRS tortoises, and t...

  18. Mecanismos, processos e democracias : a sociologia histórica de Charles Tilly e a história breve mas turbulente de um lago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Rosas

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Compared to its alternatives, the claims that democracies result from the material-economical modernisation, the incarnation of a certain type of political culture or the institutional objectivation seem to be less and less reasonable. The aim of this article is not only to familiarise the reader with one of the most promising theoretical perspectives of contemporary comparative historical sociology – that of Charles Tilly – but also to demonstrate how a processual analysis of political regimes is the more suitable to understand and improve today’s real democracies.

  19. “Though Hermes never taught thee”: The Anti-Patriarchal Tendency of Charles Brockden Brown’s Mercurial Outcast Carwin, the Biloquist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evert Jan van Leeuwen

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the allusions to the utopian cultural schemas of alchemy and hermetic philosophy in Charles Brockden Brown’s Wieland and “Memoirs of Carwin the Biloquist” in order to show that the mysterious anti-hero Carwin does not have to be cast in the role of gothic villain but instead can play the part of marginalised utopian idealist, whose dissident presence in the novel reveals that the seemingly enlightened community of Mettingen is in fact reliant on old-world patriarchal ideology to ensure its stability.

  20. Les séries figées dans Le traité de stylistique de Charles Bally (1865-1947)

    OpenAIRE

    Brigitte Lépinette

    2013-01-01

    Cet article contextualise dans Le traité de stylistique ([Heidelberg, 1909 et 1921] 1951) de Charles Bally le traitement des séries figées, question qui, en particulier, après les recherches sur la combinatoire sémantico-lexicale d’Igor Mel’čuk et les travaux syntaxico-sémantiques, de base distributionaliste, de Maurice Gross spécialement, a donné lieu, de nos jours, à une littérature linguistique aussi bien quantitativement que qualitativement importante. Avant ces derniers auteurs, Bally...

  1. BREVES CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE A ABORDAGEM DE CHARLES GUIGNON DO MÉTODO FENOMENOLÓGICO EM SER E TEMPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Tolfo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os estágios do método filosófico em Ser e Tempo, deacordo com a obra Heidegger e o Problema do Conhecimento de Charles Guignon.Segundo Guignon, Heidegger realiza em Ser e Tempo um processo em etapas: 1.Descritivo; 2. Hermenêutico; 3. Processo Dialético; 4. Diagnóstico do Senso Comum. Oobjetivo principal deste artigo é divulgar a proposta de Guignon. No entanto, faremosbreves considerações sobre esta proposta.

  2. El cambio climático global en la Patagonia desde el viaje de Charles Darwin hasta nuestros días

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    El viaje del Beagle que trajo a Charles Darwin a América del Sur entre 1832 y 1835 AD y en particular, al territorio argentino, se desarrolló bajo condiciones climáticas muy desfavorables: frías, secas y ventosas, correspondientes a las condiciones predominantes en la última fase de la pequeña edad del hielo, un episodio frío global que caracterizó a los siglos XVII, XVIII y XIX. Esta fase es conocida como mínimo de Dalton, en referencia a la disminución relativa de la frecuencia de las manch...

  3. Periodismo literario y conflicto social en México en las crónicas de Charles Bowden y Judith Torrea

    OpenAIRE

    García Galindo, Juan Antonio; Cuartero Naranjo, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    La presente comunicación analiza las relaciones entre periodismo literario y conflicto social a partir de la visión que sobre la violencia, el narcotráfico, los asesinatos, el crimen, las desapariciones etc., tienen las crónicas de Charles Bowden y Judtih Torrea. Bowden es un periodista norteamericano, recientemente fallecido, que ha vivido en primera persona el problema de la violencia a un lado y a otro de la frontera entre México y Estados Unidos. Por su parte, Judith Torrea, es una period...

  4. Quand devient-on vieille ? Femmes, âge et travail au Québec, 1940-1980 d'Aline Charles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène David

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, constitué de deux parties principales, vise à faire émerger de la méconnaissance actuelle des « vieillesses de femmes actives » ainsi qu’à documenter la naissance et l’essor d’une retraite féminine. Aline Charles amorce son propos avec limpidité en expliquant la nécessité de conjuguer des analyses constructivistes sur trois objets distincts, la vieillesse, les femmes et le travail, afin de pouvoir cerner des fins de vies professionnelles de longue durée ainsi que l’accès à la ret...

  5. Las plantas americanas en la obra de Charles de l'Écluse: primeras citas en las cartas de Juan de Castañeda

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón-Laca Menéndez de Luarca, Luis

    1999-01-01

    The Flemish botanist Charles de l'Écluse's works contain abundant references to American plants, for example the avocado (Persea americana Mill.), the sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.], the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) and the tobáceo (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Although some of these plants were observed by L'Écluse himself during his expedition to the Iberian Península between 1564 and 1565, the majority of the American plants quoted in his works are related with shipments received from...

  6. El cambio climático global en la Patagonia desde el viaje de Charles Darwin hasta nuestros días The global climatic change in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego since voyage of Charles Darwin until present times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rabassa

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El viaje del Beagle que trajo a Charles Darwin a América del Sur entre 1832 y 1835 AD y en particular, al territorio argentino, se desarrolló bajo condiciones climáticas muy desfavorables: frías, secas y ventosas, correspondientes a las condiciones predominantes en la última fase de la pequeña edad del hielo, un episodio frío global que caracterizó a los siglos XVII, XVIII y XIX. Esta fase es conocida como mínimo de Dalton, en referencia a la disminución relativa de la frecuencia de las manchas solares, lo cual redunda en una disminución de la radiación solar y como consecuencia, en menores temperaturas medias globales en ese período. Darwin fue perfectamente consciente de dichas condiciones climáticas, que se manifestaban fuertemente en Europa, en particular en los Alpes, y así lo transmite en sus escritos. Desde el viaje de Darwin a la Patagonia, las condiciones climáticas y ambientales cambiaron sustancialmente, especialmente luego de 1850 AD y, finalmente, después de mediados de la década de 1970 AD. Algunas de las más importantes consecuencias del cambio climático global son el aumento de la temperatura media anual o la temperatura estacional, la elevación o disminución de las precipitaciones al nivel regional, el continuo ascenso global del nivel del mar y un incremento significativo de la frecuencia de eventos meteorológicos extremos. El impacto de esos cambios ha sido observado en los glaciares de Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego, por lo menos desde 1978 AD, y particularmente en la última década del siglo XX. Los impactos más notables son la rápida recesión de las márgenes del hielo en los glaciares, el adelgazamiento de la cobertura glacial, la elevación de la línea de nieve regional y la reducción de las áreas andinas bajo condiciones de suelos permanentemente congelados (permafrost, como han demostrado estudios científicos recientes. A la tasa presente de recesión del hielo glacial, la mayoría, si no

  7. Charles Darwin's earthquake reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galiev, Shamil

    2010-05-01

    As it is the 200th anniversary of Darwin's birth, 2009 has also been marked as 170 years since the publication of his book Journal of Researches. During the voyage Darwin landed at Valdivia and Concepcion, Chile, just before, during, and after a great earthquake, which demolished hundreds of buildings, killing and injuring many people. Land was waved, lifted, and cracked, volcanoes awoke and giant ocean waves attacked the coast. Darwin was the first geologist to observe and describe the effects of the great earthquake during and immediately after. These effects sometimes repeated during severe earthquakes; but great earthquakes, like Chile 1835, and giant earthquakes, like Chile 1960, are rare and remain completely unpredictable. This is one of the few areas of science, where experts remain largely in the dark. Darwin suggested that the effects were a result of ‘ …the rending of strata, at a point not very deep below the surface of the earth…' and ‘…when the crust yields to the tension, caused by its gradual elevation, there is a jar at the moment of rupture, and a greater movement...'. Darwin formulated big ideas about the earth evolution and its dynamics. These ideas set the tone for the tectonic plate theory to come. However, the plate tectonics does not completely explain why earthquakes occur within plates. Darwin emphasised that there are different kinds of earthquakes ‘...I confine the foregoing observations to the earthquakes on the coast of South America, or to similar ones, which seem generally to have been accompanied by elevation of the land. But, as we know that subsidence has gone on in other quarters of the world, fissures must there have been formed, and therefore earthquakes...' (we cite the Darwin's sentences following researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474). These thoughts agree with results of the last publications (see Nature 461, 870-872; 636-639 and 462, 42-43; 87-89). About 200 years ago Darwin gave oneself airs by the problems which began to discuss only during the last time. Earthquakes often precede volcanic eruptions. According to Darwin, the earthquake-induced shock may be a common mechanism of the simultaneous eruptions of the volcanoes separated by long distances. In particular, Darwin wrote that ‘… the elevation of many hundred square miles of territory near Concepcion is part of the same phenomenon, with that splashing up, if I may so call it, of volcanic matter through the orifices in the Cordillera at the moment of the shock;…'. According to Darwin the crust is a system where fractured zones, and zones of seismic and volcanic activities interact. Darwin formulated the task of considering together the processes studied now as seismology and volcanology. However the difficulties are such that the study of interactions between earthquakes and volcanoes began only recently and his works on this had relatively little impact on the development of geosciences. In this report, we discuss how the latest data on seismic and volcanic events support the Darwin's observations and ideas about the 1835 Chilean earthquake. The material from researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474 is used. We show how modern mechanical tests from impact engineering and simple experiments with weakly-cohesive materials also support his observations and ideas. On the other hand, we developed the mathematical theory of the earthquake-induced catastrophic wave phenomena. This theory allow to explain the most important aspects the Darwin's earthquake reports. This is achieved through the simplification of fundamental governing equations of considering problems to strongly-nonlinear wave equations. Solutions of these equations are constructed with the help of analytic and numerical techniques. The solutions can model different strongly-nonlinear wave phenomena which generate in a variety of physical context. A comparison with relevant experimental observations is also presented.

  8. HYDRAULICS, CHARLES COUNTY, MD

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Recent developments in digital terrain and geospatial database management technology make it possible to protect this investment for existing and future projects to...

  9. SURVEY, CHARLES COUNTY, MD

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The field survey data for this coastal study includes a field report that exhibits photos and transect information collected in the field survey phase of the study....

  10. Finantsstabiilsus eurotsoonis / Charles Goodhart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goodhart, Charles

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Kroon & Economy, nr. 3, 2004, lk. 27-38. Tõlge London School of Economicsi finantsturgude grupi asedirektori ettekandest "Financial Management in the Euro-zone" Eesti Panga avatud seminaril 1. septembril 2004. Majanduspoliitika põhiseaduslikest piirangutest Euroopa Liidus, fiskaal- ja rahapoliitika vastastikusest mõjust, finantssüsteemi ülesehitusest liikmesriikides, kriisiohjamisest välisomanduses olevate pankade puhul. Tabel

  11. National Library of Norway's new database of 22 manuscript maps concerning the Swedish King Charles XII's campaign in Norway in 1716 and 1718

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedicte Gamborg Brisa

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The National Library of Norway is planning to digitise approximately 1,500 manuscript maps. Two years ago we started working on a pilot project, and for this purpose we chose 22 maps small enough to be photographed in one piece. We made slides 6 x 7 cm in size, converted the slides into PhotoCDs and used four different resolutions on JPEG-files. To avoid large file sizes, we had to divide the version with the biggest resolution into four pieces. The preliminary work was done in Photoshop, the database on the web is made in Oracle. You can click on the map to zoom. Norwegians and probably Swedes during the Great Northern War drew the 22 maps when the Swedish King Charles XII in 1716 and 1718 unsuccessfully attempted to conquer Norway. The database is now accessible on the National Library of Norway's web site. The database is in Norwegian, but we are working on an English version as well. The maps are searchable on different topics, countries, counties, geographical names, shelfmarks or a combination of these. We are planning to expand the database to other manuscript maps later. This is the reason why it is possible to search for obvious subjects as Charles XII and the Great Northern War.

  12. CERN 50th Anniversary Official Celebration : the Swiss and French presidents with CERN's Director General at the inauguration of the new entrance into CERN from France, named Porte Charles de Gaulle.

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    2004-01-01

    Earlier in the day, at the north end of the Meyrin site, Jacques Chirac and Joseph Deiss came together from their respective sides of the border to inaugurate the Porte Charles de Gaulle, a new gate into CERN which should make travel into the site easier.

  13. Beagle I and II Voyages: Charles Darwin's rocks and the quest for Mars rock; the Open University's virtual microscope has both

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwenzer, S. P.; Tindle, A. G.; Anand, M.; Gibson, E. K.; Pearson, V. K.; Pemberton, D.; Pillinger, C.; Smith, C. L.; Whalley, P.; Kelley, S. P.

    2011-12-01

    Exploration is in itself a fascinating subject, and a strong draw to engaging the public in understanding science. Nearly two hundred years ago Charles Darwin took part in an exploration of the Earth, and more recently we have begun to explore the solar system and in particular the surface of Mars. The engagement is made easier if an element of exploration is involved in the public engagement, using modern internet and even mobile technologies. The Open University combines all those aspects in a series of virtual microscopes for Earth science that are freely available on the web, installed in museums, or built into its teaching material. The basis of the virtual microscope is a mosaic of several hundred microscopic images of each thin section taken in plane polarised light, between crossed polars and in reflected light, which are then assembled into three high resolution images. Rotation movies for selected points in the thin section illustrate changing optical properties such as birefringence. The user is able to pan and zoom around to explore the section, studying the mineralogy and rock texture, and view the rotation movies linked to points in the section to see the changing birefringence colours. We have created several collections of terrestrial rocks, mainly for teaching purposes, and outreach directly linked to exploration: Charles Darwin returned from the Voyage of the Beagle with a large variety of rock samples, and although thin sections were not being made at that time, they were created from his rocks in the late 19th century. The historic material is part of the "Darwin the Geologist" exhibition at the Sedgwick Museum in Cambridge. Our Darwin virtual microscope includes hand specimen illustrations and thin sections together with documentation and an interactive map allow internet users and museum visitors alike to have a close look at Darwin's rocks and study the petrology of them. Charles Darwin explored distant horizons on Earth in the 19th century

  14. Iconicidad metafórica de Charles S. Peirce, aspectos teóricos y aplicaciones lingüísticas

    OpenAIRE

    Shirmahaleh, Shekoufeh Mohammadi

    2010-01-01

    Las ideas de Charles S. Peirce como padre de la pragmática y de la semiótica moderna ocupan un lugar importante en el desarrollo moderno de la lingüística actual. Desde su presentación al mundo de la ciencia, las teorías de Peirce han sido objeto de continuas investigaciones, interesantes debates y ampliaciones. Uno de los puntos más significativos de la semiótica de Peirce es su definición de Signo y sus categorías, ya que su concepto de Signo, que lo implica en una relación triádica en cont...

  15. Experimental research of the NN scattering with polarized particles at the VdG accelerator of Charles University. Project 'NN interactions'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the project is to study three-nucleon interactions using 14-16 MeV polarized neutron beam in conjunction with polarized deuteron target. Spin-dependent total cross-section differences ΔρL and ΔρT will be measured in the energy range, where there are no experimental data, with sufficient accuracy to check the contribution of the three-nucleon forces. In the test run, the obtained deuteron vector polarizations were P- = (- 39.5 ± 2)% and P+ = (32.9 ± 2)%. The proposed experiment is the continuation of the preceding measurements of the same quantities in the np scattering at the Van de Graaff accelerator of Charles University

  16. A 'college of astrology and medicine'? Charles V, Gervais Chrétien, and the scientific manuscripts of Maître Gervais's College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudet, Jean-Patrice

    2010-06-01

    Considered an institution mainly devoted to astrology and medicine by Simon de Phares and by some historians who believe that he was reliable, the college founded in 1371 by Charles V's first physician, Gervais Chrétien, was in fact primarily dedicated to theological students. It was not before 1377 that there were created there two bursaries for scholares regis, specialising in 'licit mathematical sciences', and two medical fellowships. Yet the influence of the activity of these fellows seems to have been rather moderate and-as far as we can learn from the material still extant, notably from manuscripts that belonged to Maître Gervais' College and to some of its members-this institution was devoted much more to theological studies than to medicine and the quadrivium. PMID:20513621

  17. How the west was won: Charles Muskavitch, James Roth, and the arrival of ‘scientific’ art conservation in the western United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seth Adam Hindin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the careers of the first two art conservators in North America active outside the north-eastern United States: Charles Muskavitch (1904–2001 and James Roth (1910–1990. Both men trained at the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University during the 1930s as part of the initial cohort of modern, ‘scientific’ conservators, and remained professionally active into the 1970s. Muskavitch worked initially in Dallas, Texas, and then, from 1939 onward, in Sacramento, California; Roth spent his entire career in Kansas City, Missouri. It is argued that despite their pioneering contributions, they became peripheral to dominant narratives of conservation history because their modest social backgrounds and geographic distance from major institutions led them to be excluded from the powerful networks that developed among their Ivy League-educated contemporaries in the northeast, which continue to shape U.S. conservation up to the present.

  18. La qualité de l'air en milieu aéroportuaire : étude sur l'aéroport Paris-Charles-De-Gaulle

    OpenAIRE

    Puente Lelievre, Celine

    2009-01-01

    Ce travail de thèse a porte sur l'évaluation de la qualité de l'air sur l'aéroport Paris-Charles- De-Gaulle. L'objectif était d'évaluer l'impact de l'activité aéroportuaire à l'échelle locale et régionale. Cette étude s'est centrée sur les observations à long terme des concentrations des oxydes d'azote (NOx), d'ozone (O3) et des hydrocarbures. Nous avons quantifié la contribution de l'activité aéroportuaire sur les concentrations des NOx observées sur les stations CDG-nord et CDG-sud. Les rés...

  19. A Biblioteconomia e a Ciência da Informação na taxionomia das ciências de Charles Sanders Peirce

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Cândido de Almeida

    2005-01-01

    Mostra a taxionomia das ciências desenvolvida por Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) que divide as ciências em três ramos: ciências teóricas, ciências da revisão e ciências aplicadas. Detalha principalmente as ciências teóricas: a Matemática, a Filosofia e a Idioscopia. Discute também o conceito de Biblioteconomia e de Ciência da Informação e que segundo as definições e características, encontradas na literatura consultada, estão na condição de ciências aplicadas, direcionadas a problemas prá...

  20. Nicolas Charles, Enseignement supérieur et justice sociale. Sociologie des expériences étudiantes en Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Clément, Cécile

    2015-01-01

    L’ouvrage de Nicolas Charles se donne pour objectif de mettre en regard les conceptions de la justice sociale à l’œuvre dans l’enseignement supérieur dans trois pays européens aux traditions nationales bien différentes, notamment en matière de protection sociale : la France corporatiste, l’Angleterre libérale et la Suède sociale-démocrate. Il ne s’agit pas de décrire et de comparer les déclarations d’intention en la matière affichées par les trois pays (l’écart avec la réalité risquerait d’êt...

  1. La técnica de Charles en el tratamiento del linfedema secundario crónico del dorso del pie: caso clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sá

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El linfedema se define como la retención intersticial de líquido hiperprotéico. En su fase incial es reversible; pero en fases más avanzadas desencadena múltiples reacciones locales que culminan en un aumento del volumen de las extremidades, hipertrofia y fibrosis de los tejidos más superficiales. El tratamiento quirúrgico del linfedema secundario crónico es idéntico cualquiera que sea su etiología, pero difiere según el estadío de la enfermedad. En los estadíos iniciales el tratamiento conservador es la primera elección; pero ante el fallo de las medidas conservadoras, el tratamiento microquirúrgico mediante anastomosis linfático-venosas y linfo-linfáticas es el que se acepta como de primera línea y proporciona excelentes resultados. En fases más tardías, las técnicas de escisión radical, más especificamente la técnica de Charles asociada o no a medidas fisiológicas, juegan un papel importante en la resolución del linfedema dada la necesidad de conseguir una redución volumétrica del miembro afectado. Con la presentación de un caso clínico, pretendemos demostrar la utilidad de la técnica de Charles en el tratamiento del linfedema secundario crónico avanzado del dorso del pie.

  2. Posibilidad de un individualismo holista. Consideraciones hermenéuticas sobre el individualismo moderno desde la filosofía de Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gracia Calandín, Javier

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this essay is to argue against the atomistic conception of man that underlies much of modern philosophy and to support, in contrast, a hermeneutical approach that makes possible to defend a holistic individualism. For this, starting from the distinction of Charles Taylor between «ontological issues» and «advocacy issues», I am going to focus on the presuppositions of individualism. What does holistic individualism mean? Thus, I try to clarify whether it is possible to defend such holistic individualism, and what advantages in terms of irreducible social goods and significative freedom brings for the articulation and development of the individual and modern society.

    Mi propósito en este artículo es argumentar contra la concepción atomista del ser humano que subyace a buena parte de la filosofía moderna y defender, por el contrario, un enfoque hermenéutico que haga posible sostener un individualismo holista. Para ello partiendo de la distinción entre «ontological issues» y «advocacy issues» a los que apunta Charles Taylor, recalamos en los presupuestos del individualismo. ¿Qué sentido tiene hablar de un individualismo holista? De este modo trataré de esclarecer si es posible defender dicho individualismo holista; así como qué ganancias supone en términos de libertad significativa y bienes sociales irreductibles para la articulación y desarrollo del individuo y de la sociedad moderna.

  3. [50 years' of the Institute of Sports Medicine at the Charles University Medical School on the 650th anniversary of its founding].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novotný, V

    1999-01-01

    In an agreeable shadow of the great 650th anniversary of Charles University foundation (1348-1998), arising of the first Institute of Sports Medicine round the world on Medical Faculty in Prague (1948-1998) was commemorated by scientific session. Since J. E. Purkynĕ (1850) have gone idea of favourable effect of body training for human health by representatives of Prague Medical Faculty, till Doctor J. Král, who started lectures for medical students in this discipline in 1933. Rise of Institute of Sports Medicine was approved in 1934, but its realization thanks to Professor Král, was performed after 2nd World War in 1948. From the beginning, students have lectures within the framework of daily study of whole wide of the branche, including practical exercises and closing examine. First text book of sports medicine and first book about clinic in sports medicine was written (J. Král). Members of Institute lectured on many foreign universities and scientific congresses and published more than 2,500 scientific works, some of them have world priority. For example first wireless transmission of heart frequency (V. Seliger, V. Kruta), cardiologic observations during big sports load (J. Král, Z. Hornof), discoveries at biochemical laboratory (J. Král, A. Zenísek), at medical functional anthropologic laboratory (V. Novotný), introducing of remedial exercises in clinical practice (L. Schmid, M. Zintlová, J. Chrástek) etc. In the set out choice of literary citation it is put on only fragment of publications which document scientific activity of jubileeing Institute. For period of duration of Institute more than hundred thousand patients were examined--both sportives and non-sportives, young and old. Contemporary trend goes from classic care about sportsmen towards preventive medicine. Attention is focused first of all to testing of middle aged and older patients in sense of prevention of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases and indication for specific movement load

  4. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN and others in the Bay of Biscay, English Channel and others from 1993-04-01 to 1995-11-01 (NODC Accession 0115608)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115608 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN, DISCOVERY, HEINCKE, MADORNINA, METEOR,...

  5. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from the CHARLES DARWIN in the Indian Ocean from 2002-03-01 to 2002-04-15 (NODC Accession 0108226)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0108226 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from CHARLES DARWIN in the Indian Ocean from 2002-03-01 to 2002-04-15...

  6. Alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN and METEOR in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1997-06-01 to 1999-09-01 (NODC Accession 0115763)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115763 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN and METEOR in the North Atlantic Ocean...

  7. The fossil mammals collected byCharles Darwin in South America during his travels on board the HMS Beagle Los mamíferos fósiles colectados por Charles Darwin en América del Surdurante su viaje a bordo del HMS Beagle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Fernicola

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Duringthe first two years of his voyage aboard HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin collected aconsiderable number of fossil mammals from various localities in Argentina andUruguay. Among these remains are those of large mammals that Darwin informallyassigned to Megatherium and Mastodon, the only large taxa thenknown for South America, and of small and mediumsized mammals that Darwinrecognized as representing at least two rodents and a horse. The study ofDarwin's collection was entrusted to Richard Owen, who described eleven taxabetween 1837 and 1845, including the six following ones: Toxodon platensis,Macrauchenia patachonica, Equus curvidens, Scelidotherium leptocephalum,Mylodon darwini and Glossotherium sp. This contribution provides asynthesis of Darwin's preliminary assignments and evaluates the reasons thatled him to recognize only megatheres and mastodonts for the large fossilremains. Also, it discusses the current taxonomic status of the taxa describedor erected by Owen between 1837 and 1845 and the influence that Owen'staxonomic and phylogenetic conclusions had on the development of Darwin's ideason evolution.Durantelos dos primeros años de su viaje a bordo del HMS Beagle, Charles Darwincolectó en distintas localidades de Argentina y Uruguay un considerable númerode mamíferos fósiles. Entre estos se cuentan los grandes mamíferos queinformalmente Darwin asignó a Megatherium y Mastodon, únicosgrandes taxones conocidos hasta ese momento para América del sur y entre lospequeños y medianos mamíferos reconoció la presencia de al menos dos tipos deroedores y un caballo. El estudio posterior de todos los ejemplares colectadospor Darwin fue llevado a cabo Richard Owen, quien entre 1837 y 1845 describióonce taxones, entre los cuales, seis eran nuevos taxones: Toxodon platensis,Macrauchenia patachonica, Equus curvidens, Scelidotherium leptocephalum,Mylodon darwini y Glossotherium sp. En esta contribución se brindauna síntesis de las

  8. Ferdinand, Charles, Emile, Petar, Paul… et les autres* Pertinence, Cohérence et Permanence d’une grande idée De la Stylistique à L’Enonciation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Cortès

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bally m’apparaît comme l’un des pionniers d’une approche intelligible et même lumineuse des « faits de langage1 ». Le titre de cet article et les citations en exergue visent simplement à montrer que la « famille intellectuelle » à laquelle il appartient, très vaste et diversifiée, reste toujours vivante et prolifique, même si - pour des raisons stylistiques d’humour qu’il aurait peut-être appréciées – je me suis limité à quelques prénoms dont les patronymes sont bien connus. Cet article n’a d’autre ambition que de remettre Charles Bally à la place historique indiscutable qui doit être la sienne dans l’évolution de la recherche en sciences du langage et de la communication.

  9. We Have to Be Willing to Say the World Has Changed and Now We Have to Figure Out How to Deal With That: An Interview With Charles Levenstein, About New Solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markkanen, Pia; Slatin, Craig

    2016-05-01

    New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policyhas been published for 25 years. To acknowledge this milestone, Dr. Pia Markkanen interviewed Charles Levenstein, Editor Emeritus of the journal, in August 2015. The purpose of this interview was to review the journal's history: from its earliest roots to the present.New Solutionsbegan in 1990 as a project with the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW). Dr. Charles Levenstein was the founding editor and Tony Mazzocchi was the original publisher. We've tapped Dr. Levenstein's memory to learn the intent of starting the journal and how it developed. The interview presents some of the challenges of sustaining a movement journal with the mission of being a bridge between academics and researchers and workers, environmentalists, as well as advocates and activists. PMID:26941179

  10. Sur les traces des grands croisés. Le goût pour la croisade de Jean et Charles de Luxembourg et l’inspiration française

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Žůrek, Václav

    Toulouse : Université Toulouse, 2012 - (Nejedlý, M.; Svátek, J.), s. 273-291 ISBN 978-2-912025-81-4. - (Méridiennes. Les croisades tardives. 3) Grant ostatní: ERC(CZ) Origins of the Vernacular Mode. Regional Identities and European Networks in Late Medieval Europe Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Later Crusades * Charles IV of Luxembourg * John of Luxembourg Subject RIV: AB - History

  11. Charles Darwin's Observations on the Behaviour of Earthworms and the Evolutionary History of a Giant Endemic Species from Germany, Lumbricus badensis (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The British naturalist Charles Darwin (1809/1882) began and ended his almost 45-year-long career with observations, experiments, and theories related to earthworms. About six months before his death, Darwin published his book on The Formation of Vegetable Mould, through the Actions of Worms, With Observations on their Habits (1881). Here we describe the origin, content, and impact of Darwin's last publication on earthworms (subclass Oligochaeta, family Lumbricidae) and the role of these annelids as global ecosystem re workers (concept of bioturbation). In addition, we summarize our current knowledge on the reproductive behaviour of the common European species Lumbricus terrestris. In the second part of our account we describe the biology and evolution of the giant endemic species L. badensis from south western Germany with reference to the principle of niche construction. Bio geographic studies have shown that the last common ancestor of L. badensis, and the much smaller sister-taxon, the Atlantic-Mediterranean L. friendi, lived less than 10000 years ago. Allopatric speciation occurred via geographically isolated founder populations that were separated by the river Rhine so that today two earthworm species exist in different areas.

  12. The physician, the Emperor and the fibromyalgia: Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard (1817-1894) and Dom Pedro II (1825-1891) of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurizky, Patricia Shu; Oliveira, Ana Cristina Vanderley; da Mota, Licia Maria Henrique; Diniz, Leonardo Rios; Dos Santos Neto, Leopoldo Luiz

    2016-02-01

    The physician Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard was a neurologist of considerable importance. In 1846 his thesis 'Researches and Experiments on the Physiology of the Spinal Cord' brought out knowledge about the sensory pathways which remains until today. The Emperor, Dom Pedro II was the second and last Emperor of Brazil, reigning for 49 years and remembered for defending the nation's integrity, the end of slavery, support for education and culture, diplomacy and relations with international personalities. He married Dona Teresa Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1822-1889) by proxy in 1843, the fourth and last Empress consort of Brazil. This paper reports the exchange of letters between these personalities of the XIX century. Although they lived far from each other and worked in areas so different, they discussed the health of the Empress in letters. Dom Pedro II made contact with Brown-Séquard hoping that ' … your knowledge shall help heal my wife of nervous disease … . ' According to Dom Pedro the Empress suffered ' … for a long time with more or less long interruptions of horrible neuralgic pains in the legs, head and the scalp. Two points on the dorsal spine feel the effects more or less with pressure applied … . ' In addition to describing and documenting the exchange of letters, this paper raises the possibility that the Empress suffered from the fibromyalgia syndrome. PMID:24585623

  13. Analysis with SfM on-motion method of July 2015 extreme rainfall impacts on the S-charl valley road in the Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voumard, Jérémie; Jaboyedoff, Michel

    2016-04-01

    The 22-23th July 2015, two severe storms at one day interval have caused in Scuol, lower Engadine (Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland). The static storm cells produced up to 150 mm rain precipitations in three hours generating several debris flow. On 22 July 2015, three buildings in the Pradella hamlet near Scuol were damaged by a debris flow. People of two holiday camps, 100 children and 40 adults, were evacuated. Nobody was injured but the buildings damages are important. A day after, about 200 mm rain in a short time were measured in the same area. A car was been swept away by a debris flow in the Scuol village and its driver could escape at the last moment. The S-charl valley was isolated during more than one week by seven big debris flows and several little ones. About 100 people, in majority holidaymakers, were blocked in the S-charl hamlet without power supply during few days. Until the swiss army built a provisional emergency bridge to open the valley access, the only way to access the S-charl valley was by helicopter. Overall damages -roads infrastructures, buildings, drinking water supply, power supply and other- are estimated to one million Swiss Francs and the debris flow volume is estimated to 100'00 cubic meters. The S-charl valley roadsides were photographed fifteen days before the extreme storm event from an on-motion vehicle. The same roadsides were photographed twenty days after the event with the same acquisition methodology. 3D point clouds from Structure of Motion (SfM) from the -before and after event- pictures have been produced and compared. Thus, is was possible to evaluate the number of debris flows that occurred in the S-charl valley and estimate their volume in the roadsides. This study case allows to evaluate the low-cost SfM on-motion methodology and to give theirs main advantages and disadvantages when it is used to estimate changes roadsides due to a natural hazard event.

  14. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922 Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922 Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con base en el fondo cartográfico de Charles Perron y Élisée Reclus. Reconstruimos esta experiencia a través del análisis de fuentes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando la relación entre geografía y educación popular, y el papel de la cartografía en las concepciones científicas de estos geógrafos.This paper deals with the foundation of the Cartographic Museum of Geneva, open from 1907 to 1922 and based on the cartographic collection of Charles Perron and Élisée Reclus. We reconstruct this experience by the analysis of edited and unedited sources, questioning the relationship between geography and popular education, and the role of cartography in the scientific strategy of these geographers.

  15. An analysis of potential water availability from the Charles Mill, Clendening, Piedmont, Pleasant Hill, Senecaville, and Wills Creek Lakes in the Muskingum River Watershed, Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koltun, G.F.

    2014-01-01

    This report presents the results of a study to assess potential water availability from the Charles Mill, Clendening, Piedmont, Pleasant Hill, Senecaville, and Wills Creek Lakes, located within the Muskingum River Watershed, Ohio. The assessment was based on the criterion that water withdrawals should not appreciably affect maintenance of recreation-season pool levels in current use. To facilitate and simplify the assessment, it was assumed that historical lake operations were successful in maintaining seasonal pool levels, and that any discharges from lakes constituted either water that was discharged to prevent exceeding seasonal pool levels or discharges intended to meet minimum in-stream flow targets downstream from the lakes. It further was assumed that the volume of water discharged in excess of the minimum in-stream flow target is available for use without negatively impacting seasonal pool levels or downstream water uses and that all or part of it is subject to withdrawal. Historical daily outflow data for the lakes were used to determine the quantity of water that potentially could be withdrawn and the resulting quantity of water that would flow downstream (referred to as “flow-by”) on a daily basis as a function of all combinations of three hypothetical target minimum flow-by amounts (1, 2, and 3 times current minimum in-stream flow targets) and three pumping capacities (1, 2, and 3 million gallons per day). Using both U.S. Geological Survey streamgage data (where available) and lake-outflow data provided by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers resulted in analytical periods ranging from 51 calendar years for Charles Mill, Clendening, and Piedmont Lakes to 74 calendar years for Pleasant Hill, Senecaville, and Wills Creek Lakes. The observed outflow time series and the computed time series of daily flow-by amounts and potential withdrawals were analyzed to compute and report order statistics (95th, 75th, 50th, 25th, 10th, and 5th percentiles) and means for

  16. Las plantas americanas en la obra de Charles de l'Écluse: primeras citas en las cartas de Juan de Castañeda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón-Laca Menéndez de Luarca, Luis

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available The Flemish botanist Charles de l'Écluse's works contain abundant references to American plants, for example the avocado (Persea americana Mill., the sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam.], the potato (Solanum tuberosum L. and the tobáceo (Nicotiana tabacum L.. Although some of these plants were observed by L'Écluse himself during his expedition to the Iberian Península between 1564 and 1565, the majority of the American plants quoted in his works are related with shipments received from several agents around Europe. In the case of Spain, L'Écluse obtained seeds from Seville thanks to the help of Simón de Tovar and Juan de Castañeda. The latter offers in his letters important innovations: Annona cherimola Mill., Indigofera añil LJI. tinctoria L., Annona muricata L., Mammea americana L.. Annona reticulata L., Dioscorea sp., Aloysia citrodora Palau or Manihot spj M. esculenta Crantz. In most of the cases the mention of these plants represente the first record of cultivation in the Old World. A percentage of this material was used by L'Écluse in his Exoticorum libri decem, published in Antwerp in l605.Las obras del botánico flamenco Charles de l'Écluse contienen infinidad de referencias a plantas americanas, destacando entre ellas el aguacate (Persea americana Mill., las batatas [Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam.], las patatas (Solanum tuberosum L. o el tabaco (Nicotiana tabacum L. . Algunas de ellas fueron observadas por L'Écluse durante la expedición llevada a cabo por la Península Ibérica entre 1564 y 1565. La mayor parte de plantas americanas citadas en sus obras están relacionadas sin embargo con envíos realizados por diversos corresponsales repartidos por Europa. En el caso de España, L'Écluse recibió semillas desde Sevilla gracias a Simón de Tovar y Juan de Castañeda. Este último ofrece en sus cartas importantes novedades, como el "anón" (Annona cherimola Mill., el "añil" (Indigofera añil L./I. tinctoria L., la "guan

  17. Film platform courtesy of the Czechs / Paul Morton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morton, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Lühimängufilm "Tühirand", režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, osales Karlovy Vary rahvusvahelise filmifestivali "Forum of Independents" programmis. Festivalist laiemalt, Veiko Õunpuust ja tema filmi seansist tutvustavalt

  18. Russian filmmaker comes home / Boris Frumin ; interv. Paul Morton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frumin, Boris

    2006-01-01

    Riias sündinud, 70ndate lõpul USA-sse emigreerunud filmitegija, New Yorgi ülikooli professor, kes asus Tallinna Ülikooli all tegutsevas Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolis tööle filmi magistriõppe juhina ja rezhissuuri suuna põhiõppejõuna, endast

  19. Optimal Bond Portfolios in a Heath-Jarrow-Morton Framework

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    We study optimal investments in rolling-horizon bond portfolios. Combinations of a money-market account and 1 to 3 rolling-horizon bonds are considered. Forward interest rates are modelled using finite dimensional realizations of HJM-models. Money-market account has return being the implied short rate from the forward interest rate model. We state minimal realizations of the forward interest rate models in terms of diffusion processes. From the definition of self-financing roll-over strategy,...

  20. MRI and ultrasonography in Morton's neuroma: Diagnostic accuracy and correlation

    OpenAIRE

    Torres-Claramunt, R; Ginés, A; G Pidemunt; Ll Puig; Zabala, S. (Silvio)

    2012-01-01

    Background: The diagnosis of Morton′s neuroma is based primarily on clinical findings. Ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance image (MRI) studies are considered complementary diagnostic techniques. The aim of this study was to establish the correlation and sensitivity of both techniques used to diagnose Morton′s neuroma. Materials and Methods: Thirty seven patients (43 intermetatarsal spaces) with Morton′s neuroma operated were retrospectively reviewed. In all cases MRI or ultrasound ...

  1. THE EFFECT OF FUNCTIONAL FASCIAL TAPING ON MORTON'S NEUROMA

    OpenAIRE

    Spina, Rita; Cameron, Melainie; Alexander, Ron

    2002-01-01

    Objective and Background: Morton’s neuroma is essentially a benign tumor in the foot, which may cause extreme pain and disability. Both conservative and surgical modalities have been used, but as yet, neither has been successful in resolving the condition. This report introduces Functional Fascial Taping (FFT) developed by Alexander, as a new treatment regime and examines its effectiveness in the management of Morton’s neuroma. Discussion: Functional Foot Index (FFI) was used to assess the ef...

  2. The Road Inventory of Elizabeth A Morton National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To determine the relative needs of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Federal Highway Administration FHWA was asked to inventory all public access and...

  3. Les séries figées dans Le traité de stylistique de Charles Bally (1865-1947

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brigitte Lépinette

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article contextualise dans Le traité de stylistique ([Heidelberg, 1909 et 1921] 1951 de Charles Bally le traitement des séries figées, question qui, en particulier, après les recherches sur la combinatoire sémantico-lexicale d’Igor Mel’čuk et les travaux syntaxico-sémantiques, de base distributionaliste, de Maurice Gross spécialement, a donné lieu, de nos jours, à une littérature linguistique aussi bien quantitativement que qualitativement importante. Avant ces derniers auteurs, Bally a fait de ces séries phraséologiques un élément sur lequel portera son double objectif d’identification et de délimitation dans la langue des faits d’expression liés à l’affectivité (considérés par opposition aux faits d’expression qui le sont à la pensée. Dans le cadre des présupposés linguistiques particuliers de la stylistique de Bally, l’analyse des séries figées permettra à ce linguiste d’en reconnaître les principales caractéristiques (lexicales, sémantiques mais non syntaxiques. Cependant, –contrairement aux études récentes dans ce domaine, d’abord théoriques– elle sera mise au service d’un apprentissage du français s’appuyant sur ce que nous pouvons appeler un corpus (avant la lettre destiné à l’apprentissage d’une langue.

  4. A duchenne muscular dystrophy gene hot spot mutation in dystrophin-deficient cavalier king charles spaniels is amenable to exon 51 skipping.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma L Walmsley

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD, which afflicts 1 in 3500 boys, is one of the most common genetic disorders of children. This fatal degenerative condition is caused by an absence or deficiency of dystrophin in striated muscle. Most affected patients have inherited or spontaneous deletions in the dystrophin gene that disrupt the reading frame resulting in unstable truncated products. For these patients, restoration of the reading frame via antisense oligonucleotide-mediated exon skipping is a promising therapeutic approach. The major DMD deletion "hot spot" is found between exons 45 and 53, and skipping exon 51 in particular is predicted to ameliorate the dystrophic phenotype in the greatest number of patients. Currently the mdx mouse is the most widely used animal model of DMD, although its mild phenotype limits its suitability in clinical trials. The Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD model has a severe phenotype, but due to its large size, is expensive to use. Both these models have mutations in regions of the dystrophin gene distant from the commonly mutated DMD "hot spot". METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we describe the severe phenotype, histopathological findings, and molecular analysis of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with dystrophin-deficient muscular dystrophy (CKCS-MD. The dogs harbour a missense mutation in the 5' donor splice site of exon 50 that results in deletion of exon 50 in mRNA transcripts and a predicted premature truncation of the translated protein. Antisense oligonucleotide-mediated skipping of exon 51 in cultured myoblasts from an affected dog restored the reading frame and protein expression. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Given the small size of the breed, the amiable temperament and the nature of the mutation, we propose that CKCS-MD is a valuable new model for clinical trials of antisense oligonucleotide-induced exon skipping and other therapeutic approaches for DMD.

  5. An extraordinary example of photokarren in a sandstone cave, Cueva Charles Brewer, Chimantá Plateau, Venezuela: Biogeomorphology on a small scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundberg, J.; McFarlane, D. A.; Brewer-Carias, C.

    2010-09-01

    A distinctive suite of small-scale erosional forms that are oriented towards the light occur close to the entrance of Cueva Charles Brewer, a large cave in a sandstone tepui, in SE Venezuela. These are the third example of photokarren ever studied in the world, the other two being from Borneo and Ireland. They are the only photokarren ever described from sandstone, and the only example from a non-carbonate environment. The host rock is a poorly-lithified unit of the Precambrian quartz arenite of the Roraima Supergroup. The forms are all oriented towards the light at 30° regardless of rock surface orientation. The primary (negative) erosional form is the tube. Coalescence of tubes results in the positive remnant forms of rods, pinnacles, and cones. The final stage is a bumpy, wavy surface of degraded cones. The size of the features varies with erosion rate, and details of the form vary with development stage. The main population averages 4.4 cm in depth, with 55% of the surface eroded. This is divided into 10% tubes, 70% rods, 10% cones, 5% linear valley and 5% wavy lowland. The micro-ecosystem includes many bacteria, diatoms, red algae, green algae, liverworts, and oribatid mites, but, surprisingly, no cyanobacteria. The presence of a surface biofilm inside the forms but not on the remnant rock surface and, in the non-degraded forms, the direct relationship of biomass with depth suggests that biological activity is the dominant control on development. In addition, direct bacterial corrosion was noted. These same features occur to varying extents in the photokarren of Borneo and Ireland, and the model for development that we present provides a unifying theory for all photokarren. (This study also includes the first published petrographic analysis of uppermost unit of the Mataui Formation).

  6. Charleso Martindale’io recepcijos teorija ir antikinė literatūra | Charles Martindale’s reception theory and ancient literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovita Dikmonienė

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article in the descriptive style introduces with adaptation of hermeneutics of reception to Latin poetry in Charles Martindale’s book “Redeeming the text: Latin poetry and the hermeneutics of reception”. The following five ideas of Martindale’s reception theory are 1 a contingent and continuously supplemented understanding of the meaning of the text being read, 2 continuously (reinterpreted contexts, 3 history as intersubjective stories about the past, 4 doubting the radical canon criticism, and 5 a dialogue with classical texts.Martindale argues that the text does not have any fixed meaning given by the author. On this stance, he does not agree with Jauss and Gadamer. Martindale compares interpretation of a literary work to performance of a piece of music: each new reading of the same text becomes a new concretization” and differs from any other manner of reading.Martindale notes that when studying ancient literature we cannot approach the pure, non-interpreted facts. Different people interpret one and the same fact differently, depending on their values, experience, and interests.Martindale does not agree with Fish’s theory of interpretative communities, arguing that only the critic himself hides behind the “implied reader” construction. He agrees with theories of dialogue of Bakhtin and Gadamer, with Derridean deconstruction. Martindale suggests understanding reading as an acquaintance and dialogue with the author of the text, which is influenced by the différance. Such a dialogue actualises the ancient literary work and enables passing it on to future generations.

  7. “Reflexionslogische Semiotik” Semiotics in the Logic of Reflection: A Non- classical extended Semiotics based on Gotthard Günther and Charles S. Peirce and its Application to Literary Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Nina Ort

    2011-01-01

    The development of a Reflexionslogische Semiotik was developed through the search for a theory that allows us to describe “processuality” —a heuristic method that has not yet rendered conclusive results. The question was : would it be possible to design a logically consistent framework in which such phenomena can be examined ? A solution can be found in combining elements of Gotthard Günther’s “non-Aristotelian Logic” and Charles S. Peirce’s “pan-semiotic” theory. It can be demonstrated that ...

  8. Charleso Dickenso kūrybos recepcija Lietuvoje: vertimų tradicija ir praktika (I dalis. The Lithuanian Reception of Charles Dickens: The Tradition and Practice of Translations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Rudaitytė

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Dickens has been recognized in Lithuania as a world-famous canonical English writer, the most emblematic representative of the Victorian Age. For ordinary and less versed readers his books have been usually associated with the rainy and foggy England, the soot, smog and squalor of London, the plight of the poor and the disinherited, with Christmas sentimen­tality, charity and philanthropy. For many decades in the popular Lithuanian imagination his name alone has been a label, a trade-mark which has stood for everything that is English. Many of his works (albeit not all have been translated into Lithuanian; some of them were printed in several editions and had a wide circulation. On the other hand, however, Dickens’s writing enjoyed a belated discovery and reception in Lithuania if compared with other European countries. It is only after his death that the first and very modest (both in volume and quality translations of his works started appearing. This was determined, first of all, by a set of historical, political and cultural circum­stances as well as specific literary tastes and national literary traditions which prevailed in Lithuania in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and which further shaped a specific reception of English literature in general and of Dickens’s art in particular. The begin­ning of the reception of Dickensian writing in Lithua­nia is traced back only to late nineteenth century.The specific Lithuanian response to Dickens’s writing might be defined as shifting from one extreme to the other: enthusiastic reception in the inter-war years and particularly in the period of Soviet oc­cupation, and declining interest and popularity today. In view of the peculiar character of the response, the article discusses the Lithuanian reception of Dickens focusing on Lithuanian translations of his works which is a very significant factor in the reception. An impressive scope of Lithuanian translations in multi

  9. Rozprávka ako nástroj spoločenskej satiry vo francúzskej literatúre 18. storočia: Charles Duclos a jeho Acajou a Zirphile (1744 (Le conte comme l’outil de la satire sociale dans la littérature française du XVIIIe siècle : Charles Duclos et son Acajou et Zirphile (1744

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Tureková

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article est consacré à la problématique du conte libertin du XVIIIe siècle et plus particulièrement à sa dimension satirique à l’égard de la société contemporaine. Sur l’exemple du conte de Charles Duclos, Acajou et Zirphile (1744, l’auteur analyse les différentes facettes que prend la satire sociale dans ce conte, qui se veut une « sottise ».

  10. SURVEY, Charles COUNTY, MD, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Survey data includes spatial datasets and data tables necessary to digitally represent data collected in the survey phase of the study. (Source: FEMA Guidelines and...

  11. Moral sense by Charles Darwin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đurić Drago

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of this paper Darwin's approach to science will be presented. This will be illustrated with his own modality of his main claims and modesty he had shown in evaluating the worth of his theory. Than we shall present his four suppositions important for preservation and evolution of moral sense. After that we will consider the issue of relation between inherited and acquired moral properties and main characteristics which according to Darwin, make difference between social instinct in lower animals and moral sense in man. At the end some we shall present some arguments for thesis that in evolutionary scientific approach to ethics there is no room for unbridgeable gap between facts and values, 'ought' and 'is', and some arguments for thesis that from the point of view of the theory of evolution we can have descriptive ethics, but not any prescriptive or normative ethics except predictions that some moral beliefs and behaviors can be evolutionary successful.

  12. Charles Masson, Droit du sol

    OpenAIRE

    Harzoune, Mustapha

    2013-01-01

    À Mayotte, collectivité d’outre-mer en passe de devenir le 101e département français en 2011, le droit commun français a vocation à s’appliquer. Pour autant, en matière d’entrée et de séjour des étrangers, de droit du travail et de protection sociale, tel n’est pas encore le cas. François Baroin en septembre 2005 et Christian Estrosi en février 2007 voulaient étendre cette exception au droit du sol en privant les étrangers nés à Mayotte du droit de devenir français. Il faut dire qu’il y aurai...

  13. BASEMAP, CHARLES CITY COUNTY, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...

  14. Coastal Analysis, Charles County, MD

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Coastal study as defined in FEMA Guides and Specifications, Appendix D: Guidance for coastal Flooding Analyses and Mapping submitted as a result of a coastal study....

  15. BASEMAP, Charles County, Maryland, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — FEMA Framework Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme,...

  16. Cartografia e educação popular Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922) Cartographie et éducation populaire. Le Musée Cartographique d’Élisée Reclus et Charles Perron à Genève (1907-1922) Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con ba...

  17. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922) Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922) Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922)

    OpenAIRE

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-01-01

    Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo...

  18. Charles Tilly: Legado y estela De The Vendée a Contentious Performances, para comprender el conflicto político del s. XIX español Charles Tilly: Legado y estela De The Vendée a Contentious Performances, para comprender el conflicto político del s. XIX español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Martínez Dorado

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Charles Tilly’s later work sums up, assesses, specifies and projects into the future the theoretical and empirical legacy of a life of study devoted to Historical Sociology. From his masterpiece opera prima, The Vendée, on to his latest Contentious politics, Tilly developed a vast array of theoretical concepts, which he provided with extensive and precise empirical referents (among them, we may cite: performance, collective action repertoire, political opportunity structure, mechanisms for mobilization and, finally, worthiness, unity, numbers and commitment. Today, these notions are located at the very core of the sociological/historical studies about political contention in early Modern Europe. Tilly’s preference for quantitative and comparative methods was subservient to his interest in giving account of, not the motivational Why?, but the objective How, When and What for of collective mobilization; not in explanatory ‘laws’ of historical change, but in analytically fecund descriptions of similar, but also unique historical episodes. This article adopts the methodological paradigm Tilly first developed when writing The Vendée, analytically updated throughout his later work, as theoretical framework for a new approach of the social and political mobilization that led to the first Carlista war. Specifically, the mechanisms for mobilization that provided material and human resources for the war effort are researched in three different Navarre villages –selected by their differing economic, cultural, and politically features.Las últimas obras de Charles Tilly recapitulan, evalúan, concretan y proyectan hacia el futuro el legado empírico y teórico de una vida dedicada a la sociología histórica. Desde su opera prima sobre la Vendée hasta Contienda política y democracia en Europa, Tilly desarrolló y dio amplio y preciso contenido empírico a un conjunto de conceptos teóricos que hoy vertebran los estudios del conflicto pol

  19. Diversidade de Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae coletados com armadilha de interceptação de vôo no Refúgio Ecológico Charles Darwin, Igarassu-PE, Brasil Diversity of Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae collected with flight intercept trap in the Charles Darwin Ecologic Refuge, Igarassu-PE, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Maria Queiroz da Costa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar riqueza, abundância, diversidade e equitabilidade das espécies de Scarabaeinae em dois ambientes no Refúgio Ecológico Charles Darwin (RECD, Pernambuco. As coletas foram realizadas com armadilha de interceptação de vôo entre os meses de Abril e Junho de 2007, totalizando seis coletas. Foram capturados 4576 escarabeíneos, pertencentes a 35 espécies, 15 gêneros e seis tribos. Sete novos registros de espécies foram feitos para Pernambuco, passando de 26 para 33 espécies. As tribos registradas foram Canthonini, Ateuchini, Coprini, Phanaeini, Eurystenini e Onthophagini. Os gêneros melhor representados foram: Dichotomius com 84,6% dos besouros coletados, seguido por Canthidium com 7,62% e Canthon com 2,48%. A espécie Dichotomius aff.sericeus foi a mais abundante com 3889 indivíduos. Em todo o estudo foram verificadas 17 espécies para a área aberta, sendo 11 restritas a esse ambiente, enquanto para mata foram registradas 24, sendo 18 espécies restritas. Grande parte dos indivíduos capturados na mata foi da espécie D. aff.sericeus, enquanto no ambiente aberto nenhum indivíduo desta espécie foi coletado. Os estimadores indicaram uma estimativa máxima de riqueza de 21 espécies para o ambiente aberto e 32 espécies para o ambiente de mata. A curva de acumulação de espécies baseada em valores de riqueza observada média para os dois ambientes do RECD, não apresentou tendência a assíntota.The objective of this work was to study richness, abundance, diversity and equitability of the species of Scarabaeinae, in two environments in the Charles Darwin Ecology Refuge (CDER, Pernambuco. Sampling was carried with flight intercept trap from April through June 2007, totaling six samples. 4576 scarabaeinaes, belonging to 35 species, 15 genera and six tribes were captured. Seven new species records were found for Pernambuco, whose known fauna increased from 26 to 33 species. The tribes recorded were

  20. La derecha radical española y el pensamiento antiliberal francés en el primer tercio del siglo XX. De charles Maurras a Georges Valois

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel PERFECTO GARCÍA

    2013-05-01

    antiliberal francés (de Charles Maurras a George Valois pasando por George sorel en la renovación doctrinal de la derecha española. En tercer lugar, estudiamos el periodo que va desde la dictadura de miguel Primo de rivera a la segunda república cuando concluye el proceso de «fascistización» de la derecha española y la emergencia del fascismo en nuestro país. El proyecto de la derecha radical española, basado en un gobierno monárquico, autoritario, antiliberal, nacional-católico y corporativo que simpatiza con la experiencia italiana, nace prematuramente porque no se dan en aquel momento las condiciones sociales y políticas requeridas para su puesta en marcha. De hecho el viejo conservadurismo español de la dictadura no estaba preocupado por la revolución social y la pérdida de sus privilegios, sin embargo, la llegada de la segunda república con sus reformas modernizadoras que rompían dicha hegemonía llevaron a la derecha radical a considerar que la única vía para impedir la revolución social, que se consideraba inminente, era la insurrección contra la república.

  1. El cambio climático global en la Patagonia desde el viaje de Charles Darwin hasta nuestros días

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rabassa

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El viaje del Beagle que trajo a Charles Darwin a América del Sur entre 1832 y 1835 AD y en particular, al territorio argentino, se desarrolló bajo condiciones climáticas muy desfavorables: frías, secas y ventosas, correspondientes a las condiciones predominantes en la última fase de la pequeña edad del hielo, un episodio frío global que caracterizó a los siglos XVII, XVIII y XIX. Esta fase es conocida como mínimo de Dalton, en referencia a la disminución relativa de la frecuencia de las manchas solares, lo cual redunda en una disminución de la radiación solar y como consecuencia, en menores temperaturas medias globales en ese período. Darwin fue perfectamente consciente de dichas condiciones climáticas, que se manifestaban fuertemente en Europa, en particular en los Alpes, y así lo transmite en sus escritos. Desde el viaje de Darwin a la Patagonia, las condiciones climáticas y ambientales cambiaron sustancialmente, especialmente luego de 1850 AD y, finalmente, después de mediados de la década de 1970 AD. Algunas de las más importantes consecuencias del cambio climático global son el aumento de la temperatura media anual o la temperatura estacional, la elevación o disminución de las precipitaciones al nivel regional, el continuo ascenso global del nivel del mar y un incremento significativo de la frecuencia de eventos meteorológicos extremos. El impacto de esos cambios ha sido observado en los glaciares de Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego, por lo menos desde 1978 AD, y particularmente en la última década del siglo XX. Los impactos más notables son la rápida recesión de las márgenes del hielo en los glaciares, el adelgazamiento de la cobertura glacial, la elevación de la línea de nieve regional y la reducción de las áreas andinas bajo condiciones de suelos permanentemente congelados (permafrost, como han demostrado estudios científicos recientes. A la tasa presente de recesión del hielo glacial, la mayoría, si no

  2. Charleso Dickenso kūrybos recepcija lietuvių literatūros kritikoje (III dalis | The Reception of Charles Dickens in Lithuanian Literary Criticism (Part III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Rudaitytė

    2012-01-01

    affecting the further recep­tion of Dickens and putting many readers at large off his writing. Since the Soviet regime was abhorent to most people, they hated or at least looked with sus­picion at everything that was praised and promoted in Soviet times.The epic character of Dickens’s novels, the so­cial problems unfolded in them, realistic characteri­sation might have been a model for Lithuanian prose in the inter-war and in the Soviet periods; however, one would be hard pressed to trace direct influence of Dickens’s aesthetics on Lithuanian writers.Traditionally, Dickens is still highly regarded in the academic circles and his writing is the subject of seminars and lecture courses. Needless to say, in theory, Dickens, as a canonical writer, is on the shool reading-lists among other recommended writers and on the university curricula; practically, however, his writing is no longer popular today and is taught but sporadically. So what is Dickens today? Is there a new image of Dickens being shaped? For academ­ics, he is still a great English writer of the Victorian Age and a great humanist; for general readers, he is now mostly associated with the issue of poverty and particularly with Christmas. For the last few years Dickens’s name cropped up in the Lithuanian press in connection with the approaching Christmas. How­ever, no matter whether we speak about the so-called classic or the new, modernized image of Charles Dickens today, the scope of material devoted to his art and even recent translations of his works testify to his powerful presence in the popular Lithuanian imagination.

  3. Charles Robert Darwin (to the 200th Birthday and the 150th Anniversary of the publication of the book «On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vagin Yu. V.

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Charles Robert Darwin (to the 200th Birthday and the 150th Anniversary of the publication of the book «On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life»

  4. Dear Mr. Charles Darwin... Dear Mr. Fritz Müller: from the correspondence between the evolutionary and the naturalistic evidences to characterize the writing in science and in teaching science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Tomio

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Characterize the roles of writing in the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge from an analysis of the interlocution, by correspondence, between Charles Darwin and Fritz Müller, and with this, identify the evidences to problematize its exercise in science teaching at school was the aim in this research. For this, we did the reading; the examination of the letters content exchanged for the evolutionist and for the naturalist, during the years 1865-82, the selection of extracts and, based on categories by the epistemologist Polish Fleck, we discussed some relations among the writing practice by the scientist with the aims of this same practice for the apprehending, elaboration and communication of scientific knowledge by the student, in science teaching at school.

  5. La question de la tolérance en Occident et en islam à travers le livre de Yves-Charles Zarka et Cynthia Fleury : "Difficile tolérance"

    OpenAIRE

    Makram Abbes

    2005-01-01

    Difficile tolérance est écrit par Yves-Charles Zarka avec la collaboration de Cynthia Fleury en vue d’étudier la question de la tolérance dans les sociétés occidentales et la place qu’occupent les communautés arabo-musulmanes au sein de ces sociétés. Les deux auteurs mettent l’accent sur l’incompatibilité entre les valeurs de l’Occident et celles de l’islam ; ils défendent l’idée de l’impossibilité de l’émergence de la tolérance dans la culture de l’islam et soulignent la nécessité de réagir ...

  6. Depaule Jean-Charles (avec la collaboration de Jean-Luc Arnaud, À travers le mur, Marseille, éditions Parenthèses, collection Eupalinos, 2014, 219 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Madoeuf

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Saluons la réédition, aux éditions Parenthèses, dans la collection Eupalinos, d’À travers le mur, de Jean-Charles Depaule, ouvrage qui est tant une contribution rare et originale aux études urbaines, qu’un opus d’anthropologie sur l’espace habité, de même qu’une source de références multiples, notamment littéraires. « Rêver des lourdes portes, des passages en chicane et plus encore, peut-être des moucharabiehs perdus […] ». Cette sollicitation onirique et énigmatique, quatrième de couverture ...

  7. L’aimant, le transfert et la polarisation.Les manœuvres d’hypnotisation à la Salpêtrière par Alfred Binet et Charles Féré

    OpenAIRE

    Sonn, Loig le

    2015-01-01

    En 1885, Alfred Binet et Charles Féré exposaient leurs recherches expérimentales sur un phénomène abondamment observé par les médecins de la Salpêtrière. Les transferts de la sensibilité désignaient le processus de migration ou de déplacement de certains symptômes hystériques (contractures, anesthésies, paralysies) d’une région ou d’une moitié du corps à l’autre. Ce fait expérimental inédit a donné lieu à l’un des débats les plus vifs, au sein de la corporation médicale française, sur l’origi...

  8. Étude comparative du conte de Charles Perrault, « Le petit Chaperon rouge », en français et de deux traductions en espagnol. Problèmes de traduction et tendances constatées

    OpenAIRE

    Mertens Krumbach, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    La complejidad es seguramente lo que mejor define la traducción literaria en general y la traducción de la literatura infantil en concreto, de ahí la aparición de diversos trabajos de búsqueda sobre la teoría y la práctica de la traducción, que incluso han llevado al nacimiento de una nueva ciencia, la traductología. El cuento de Charles Perrault, “Le petit Chaperon rouge” (La Caperucita Roja), es el ejemplo mismo de una obra literaria para niños que ha dado la vuelta al mundo. Un análisis de...

  9. “Reflexionslogische Semiotik” Semiotics in the Logic of Reflection: A Non- classical extended Semiotics based on Gotthard Günther and Charles S. Peirce and its Application to Literary Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Ort

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The development of a Reflexionslogische Semiotik was developed through the search for a theory that allows us to describe “processuality” —a heuristic method that has not yet rendered conclusive results. The question was : would it be possible to design a logically consistent framework in which such phenomena can be examined ? A solution can be found in combining elements of Gotthard Günther’s “non-Aristotelian Logic” and Charles S. Peirce’s “pan-semiotic” theory. It can be demonstrated that Peircean Semiotics may be reconstructed as logically and epistemologically trivalent, i.e. as a non-classical, formally consistent, reflexion-logical system.

  10. La question de la tolérance en Occident et en islam à travers le livre de Yves-Charles Zarka et Cynthia Fleury : Difficile tolérance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makram Abbes

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Difficile tolérance est écrit par Yves-Charles Zarka avec la collaboration de Cynthia Fleury en vue d’étudier la question de la tolérance dans les sociétés occidentales et la place qu’occupent les communautés arabo-musulmanes au sein de ces sociétés. Les deux auteurs mettent l’accent sur l’incompatibilité entre les valeurs de l’Occident et celles de l’islam ; ils défendent l’idée de l’impossibilité de l’émergence de la tolérance dans la culture de l’islam et soulignent la nécessité de réagir face aux revendications communautaires, de plus en plus menaçantes pour la République. Cet article commente et discute les principaux postulats, présupposés et exemples historiques mobilisés par les deux auteurs. Il attire l’attention sur les erreurs de lecture, les contresens et les déformations au prix desquels les auteurs soutiennent leur thèse sur l’absence de la tolérance en islam.Yves-Charles Zarka and Cynthia Fleury’s Difficile tolérance seeks to study the question of tolerance within Western societies, and the position occupied by Arab Muslim communities within those societies. The authors stress the incompatibility of Western and Islamic values ; they argue that it is impossible for tolerance to develop within Islamic culture, and assert the need to react against communitarian claims, which they see as increasingly dangerous for the institutions of the French Republic. In this article, the main postulates, assumptions and historical examples put forward by Y. Zarka and C. Fleury are subjected to analysis and critique. The article points out the misreadings, errors of interpretation and distortions on which the two authors rely as they set out their hypothesis of the absence of tolerance within Islamic culture.

  11. Rafinesque’s names for western American mammals, including the earliest scientific name for the coyote (Canis latrans Say, 1822), based on the apocryphal journal of Charles Le Raye

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodman, Neal

    2015-01-01

    In 1817, the naturalist Constantine S. Rafinesque named nine new species of mammals from the American West, indicating the recently published journal of Charles Le Raye as the primary source for his descriptions. Le Raye was purported to be a French Canadian fur trader who, as a captive of the Sioux, had traveled across broad portions of the Missouri and Yellowstone river drainages a few years before the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806) traversed much of the same region. Le Raye's journal was relied upon by generations of scholars as a valuable source documenting the native peoples and natural history of the Upper Missouri river in the era just prior to European settlement. Subsequent research, however, has shown that Le Raye never existed, and his purported journal is fraudulent. Despite this, Rafinesque's creation of the names followed conventional and accepted practice at the time, and they are porentially available. Fortunately, much of the Le Raye journal was based on verifiable sources, such as Patrick Gass's published account of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Identification of the original source materials makes it possible to establish the correct application of Rafinesque's names and to determine their current status. This process reveals that the earliest scientific name for the coyote (Canis latrans Say, 1822) was Canis chlorops Rafinesque, 1817; this name is now a nomen oblitum, however, and is no longer available.

  12. Terrorism/Criminalogy/Sociology via Magnetism-Hamiltonian ``Models''?!: Black Swans; What Secrets Lie Buried in Magnetism?; ``Magnetism Will Conquer the Universe?''(Charles Middleton, aka ``His Imperial Majesty The Emperior Ming `The Merciless!!!''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrott, Anthony; Siegel, Edward Carl-Ludwig; Hoover, John-Edgar; Ness, Elliott

    2013-03-01

    Terrorism/Criminalogy//Sociology : non-Linear applied-mathematician (``nose-to-the grindstone / ``gearheadism'') ''modelers'': Worden,, Short, ...criminologists/counter-terrorists/sociologists confront [SIAM Conf. on Nonlinearity, Seattle(12); Canadian Sociology Conf,. Burnaby(12)]. ``The `Sins' of the Fathers Visited Upon the Sons'': Zeno vs Ising vs Heisenberg vs Stoner vs Hubbard vs Siegel ''SODHM''(But NO Y!!!) vs ...??? Magntism and it turn are themselves confronted BY MAGNETISM,via relatively magnetism/metal-insulator conductivity / percolation-phase-transitions critical-phenomena -illiterate non-linear applied-mathematician (nose-to-the-grindstone/ ``gearheadism'')''modelers''. What Secrets Lie Buried in Magnetism?; ``Magnetism Will Conquer the Universe!!!''[Charles Middleton, aka ``His Imperial Majesty The Emperior Ming `The Merciless!!!']'' magnetism-Hamiltonian phase-transitions percolation-``models''!: Zeno(~2350 BCE) to Peter the Pilgrim(1150) to Gilbert(1600) to Faraday(1815-1820) to Tate (1870-1880) to Ewing(1882) hysteresis to Barkhausen(1885) to Curie(1895)-Weiss(1895) to Ising-Lenz(r-space/Localized-Scalar/ Discrete/1911) to Heisenberg(r-space/localized-vector/discrete/1927) to Priesich(1935) to Stoner (electron/k-space/ itinerant-vector/discrete/39) to Stoner-Wohlfarth (technical-magnetism hysteresis /r-space/ itinerant-vector/ discrete/48) to Hubbard-Longuet-Higgins (k-space versus r-space/

  13. The treatise «De la manière d’enseigner et d’étudier les Belles-Lettres» by Charles Rollin is a swan’s song of classic studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción CÁRCELES LABORDE

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Charles Rollin (1661-1741, professor and Chancellor of the University of Paris, wrote at the beginning of 18th century «De la manière d’enseigner et d’étudier les Belles-Lettres» a book that was then translated into several languages and reprinted many times. The success of this work was due to the moderate thought and language used in reference to the classical studies program at the School of Arts in Paris. Rollin had a profound educational sense, so he kept up the essential principle of humanistic formation, i.e. to ameliorate intellectual, ethical, and religious dimensions of each student. Furthermore, he introduced some substantial changes in the curriculum, aiming at mitigating its excessively difficult aspects and to give it a practical orientation. In parallel to the prestige of its author, the book was reprinted for near 150 years (excepting the revolutionary period. Nevertheless, at the end of 19th century Rollin, his work, and the model of secondary education supported by him passed into oblivion. The present paper, based on the study of the work, aims to contribute to the knowledge of modern evolution of humanistic studies.

  14. Valence héroïque : premiers poèmes épiques espagnols de la fin du règne de Charles-Quint (Nicolás Espinosa et Francisco Garrido de Villena, 1555

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aude Plagnard

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Les premiers poèmes épiques en langue espagnole parurent en 1555, de la plume d’auteurs valenciens ; tout en chantant la victoire des Espagnols sur les Français à Roncevaux et de Bernard del Carpio sur le paladin Roland, ils regorgent d’allusions aux mécènes valenciens et en montrent la puissance. Le recours au genre épique n’est-il pas justifié par l’articulation problématique des dimensions locale et nationale ? Le présent article analyse la réflexion qui s’y tient sur la place de Valence au sein de la monarchie à la veille de la mort de Charles-Quint.En 1555, vieron la luz los primeros poemas épicos en lengua española, de la pluma de autores valencianos; cantan la victoria de los españoles sobre los franceses en Roncesvalles y de Bernardo del Carpio contra el paladín Roldán, a la par que multiplican las alusiones a los mecenas valencianos y ostentan su potencia. El recurso al género épico puede relacionarse con la necesidad de vincular la dimensión local y nacional. Este artículo analiza la reflexión llevada a cabo sobre el papel de Valencia dentro de la monarquía en vísperas de la muerte de Carlos V.

  15. The treatise «De la manière d’enseigner et d’étudier les Belles-Lettres» by Charles Rollin is a swan’s song of classic studies El tratado de Charles Rollin: «De la manière d’enseigner et d’étudier les Belles-Lettres», canto del cisne de los estudios clásicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción CÁRCELES LABORDE

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Charles Rollin (1661-1741, professor and Chancellor of the University of Paris, wrote at the beginning of 18th century «De la manière d’enseigner et d’étudier les Belles-Lettres» a book that was then translated into several languages and reprinted many times. The success of this work was due to the moderate thought and language used in reference to the classical studies program at the School of Arts in Paris. Rollin had a profound educational sense, so he kept up the essential principle of humanistic formation, i.e. to ameliorate intellectual, ethical, and religious dimensions of each student. Furthermore, he introduced some substantial changes in the curriculum, aiming at mitigating its excessively difficult aspects and to give it a practical orientation. In parallel to the prestige of its author, the book was reprinted for near 150 years (excepting the revolutionary period. Nevertheless, at the end of 19th century Rollin, his work, and the model of secondary education supported by him passed into oblivion. The present paper, based on the study of the work, aims to contribute to the knowledge of modern evolution of humanistic studies.Charles Rollin (1661-1741, profesor y rector de la Universidad de París, escribió a comienzos del siglo XVIII una obra, «De la manière d’enseigner et d’étudier les Belles-Lettres», que alcanzó numerosas ediciones en diversos idiomas. El éxito radicó en la moderación con la que Rollin defendió el programa de estudios clásicos, vigente en la Facultad de Artes, dando respuesta, a la vez, a los requerimientos de la sociedad moderna. Con profundo sentido educativo, mantuvo el principio esencial de la formación humanística, hacer mejor a la persona intelectual, moral y religiosamente, pero también introdujo cambios sustanciales en el currículo, tendentes sobre todo a mitigar sus dificultades y a darle una orientación práctica. Al igual que su autor, la obra gozó de un gran prestigio en los

  16. Nódulo reumatóide intermetatarsal com sintomas de neuroma de Morton: diagnóstico diferencial Intermetatarsal rheumatoid node with Morton's neuroma signs: differential diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Carlos Flores dos Santos

    2004-01-01

    Paciente do sexo feminino, com 38 anos de idade, portadora de artrite reumatóide ( AR ), com dor intermetarsal no 3º espaço, em ambos os pés, com parestesia dos 3º e 4º dedos. Operada para ressecção de massas hipoecóicas evidenciadas por ecografia. O exame anátomo-patológico definiu degeneração fibrinóide e mixóide ( nódulo reumatóide ).A 38 years old female pacient, in treatment by rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with pain in the 3º intermetatarsal space and paresthesia in the...

  17. Nódulo reumatóide intermetatarsal com sintomas de neuroma de Morton: diagnóstico diferencial Intermetatarsal rheumatoid node with Morton's neuroma signs: differential diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Flores dos Santos

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Paciente do sexo feminino, com 38 anos de idade, portadora de artrite reumatóide ( AR , com dor intermetarsal no 3º espaço, em ambos os pés, com parestesia dos 3º e 4º dedos. Operada para ressecção de massas hipoecóicas evidenciadas por ecografia. O exame anátomo-patológico definiu degeneração fibrinóide e mixóide ( nódulo reumatóide .A 38 years old female pacient, in treatment by rheumatoid arthritis (RA, with pain in the 3º intermetatarsal space and paresthesia in the 3º toe, bilateral. She was operated for resection of hipoechoicsmasses showed in echographic examination. The anatomopathologic diagnosis was fibrinoid and mixoid degeneration ( rheumatoid nodule.

  18. Parcels and Land Ownership, Parcel Layer Morton County, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Morton County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Parcels and Land Ownership dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  19. Postimpact heat conduction and compaction-driven fluid flow in the Chesapeake Bay impact structure based on downhole vitrinite reflectance data, ICDP-USGS Eyreville deep core holes and Cape Charles test holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinconico, M.L.; Sanford, W.E.; Wright, Horton W.J.J., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Vitrinite reflectance data from the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP)-U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Eyreville deep cores in the centralcrater moat of the Chesapeake Bay impact structure and the Cape Charles test holes on the central uplift show patterns of postimpact maximum-temperature distribution that result from a combination of conductive and advective heat flow. Within the crater-fill sediment-clast breccia sequence at Eyreville, an isoreflectance (-0.44% Ro) section (525-1096 m depth) is higher than modeled background coastal-plain maturity and shows a pattern typical of advective fluid flow. Below an intervening granite slab, a short interval of sediment-clast breccia (1371-1397 m) shows a sharp increase in reflectance (0.47%-0.91% Ro) caused by conductive heat from the underlying suevite (1397-1474 m). Refl ectance data in the uppermost suevite range from 1.2% to 2.1% Ro. However, heat conduction alone is not sufficient to affect the temperature of sediments more than 100 m above the suevite. Thermal modeling of the Eyreville suevite as a 390 ??C cooling sill-like hot rock layer supplemented by compaction- driven vertical fluid flow (0.046 m/a) of cooling suevitic fluids and deeper basement brines (120 ??C) upward through the sediment breccias closely reproduces the measured reflectance data. This scenario would also replace any marine water trapped in the crater fill with more saline brine, similar to that currently in the crater, and it would produce temperatures sufficient to kill microbes in sediment breccias within 450 m above the synimsuevite. A similar downhole maturity pattern is present in the sediment-clast breccia over the central uplift. High-reflectance (5%-9%) black shale and siltstone clasts in the suevite and sediment-clast breccia record a pre-impact (Paleozoic?) metamorphic event. Previously published maturity data in the annular trough indicate no thermal effect there from impact-related processes. ?? 2009 The

  20. Charles C. Fries的意义理论及对外语教学的启示%The Meaning Theory of C. C. Fries and Its Pedagogical Implication for TEFL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩存新

    2013-01-01

    意义理论是Charles C.Fries语言学理论的重要组成部分。 Fries认为,语言的意义可以按照其执行的社会功能来分类。任何言语信号的“意义”包含的不仅是引起发生特定语音的实际情况,而且是这些特定语音(通过语言)在另一个人身上产生的实际反应。语言的全部意义体现在词汇意义、语法结构意义和社会文化意义这三个层次上。 Fries的意义理论对外语教学的启示是:重视对目的语和源语社会文化的学习;同时重视对“语境中的词语”,特别是词语搭配的教学。%The Meaning Theory is an essential part of C.C.Fries’ linguistic theories.Fries argued that the meaning of language can be classified in terms of the social function it performs.The meaning of any signals of language includes not only the stimulus situation that brings about the utterance but also the practical re-sponse which it elicits via specific vocal sounds(language)from the utterance receiver.The whole meaning of language is represented in three aspects,i.e.lexical meaning,grammatical structural meaning and social-cul-tural meaning.The pedagogical implication of Fries’ Meaning Theory is as follows:1) Pay more attention to the study of the social cultures of both source language and target language;2 ) P ay more attention to the teaching and learning of “words in context”,especially the collocations.

  1. Delaunay, Charles Eugene (1816-72)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Celestial mechanician, born in Lusigny-sur-Barse, France, died at sea (near Cherbourg) after just two years as director of the Paris Observatory. Studied lunar theory and worked out formulae that gave the longitude, latitude and parallax of the Moon as infinite series. The work was accurate but impractical as the series converged slowly....

  2. Modelling of Charles Darwin's tsunami reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galiev, Shamil

    2010-05-01

    Darwin landed at Valdivia and Concepcion, Chile, just before, during, and after a great 1835 earthquake. He described his impressions and results of the earthquake-induced natural catastrophe in The Voyage of the Beagle. His description of the tsunami could easily be read as a report from Indonesia or Sri Lanka, after the catastrophic tsunami of 26 December 2004. In particular, Darwin emphasised the dependence of earthquake-induced waves on a form of the coast and the coastal depth: ‘… Talcuhano and Callao are situated at the head of great shoaling bays, and they have always suffered from this phenomenon; whereas, the town of Valparaiso, which is seated close on the border of a profound ocean... has never been overwhelmed by one of these terrific deluges…' . He reports also, that ‘… the whole body of the sea retires from the coast, and then returns in great waves of overwhelming force ...' (we cite the Darwin's sentences following researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474). The coastal evolution of a tsunami was analytically studied in many publications (see, for example, Synolakis, C.E., Bernard, E.N., 2006. Philos. Trans. R. Soc., Ser. A, 364, 2231-2265; Tinti, S., Tonini, R. 205. J.Fluid Mech., 535, 11-21). However, the Darwin's reports and the influence of the coastal depth on the formation and the evolution of the steep front and the profile of tsunami did not practically discuss. Recently, a mathematical theory of these phenomena was presented in researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474. The theory describes the waves which are excited due to nonlinear effects within a shallow coastal zone. The tsunami elevation is described by two components: . Here is the linear (prime) component. It describes the wave coming from the deep ocean. is the nonlinear component. This component may become very important near the coastal line. After that the theory of the shallow waves is used. This theory yields the linear equation for and the weakly-nonlinear equation for . The last equation contains the forcing term which is generated by nonlinearity and depends on . The nonlinear shock-like solution for is constructed which is valid within the narrow coastal zone. Then the tsunami evolution near a coast is studied. It is found that the coastal evolution strongly depends on the profile of the bottom and the distance from the coastline. Far from this the wave surface is smooth and the wave is long enough. The wave profile begins to change quickly, if the coastal water is shallow. The steep (discontinuous) front of the tsunami can be generated. The water level reduces ahead of the front, or the ebb can appear there. Then this front begins to move away from the coast - into the ocean. This direction is opposite to the motion of the whole wave. The amplitude of the front is increased. The water wall is formed. This process explains the catastrophic effect of a tsunami, when a water-wall appears instantly. The wave, having two steep peaks, may be generated in the case of very shallow water. In contrast with this, the tsunami, practically, does not change, if the coastal water is deep. On the whole, the conclusions agree with the Darwin's reports.

  3. Nuclear Medicine at Charles Sturt University

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: A distance educational programme for upgrading of Certificate, Associate Diploma and Diploma to a Bachelor of Applied Science degree commenced in second semester of 1997 with approximately 15 Australian students and 15 Canadian students. The first graduation will occur in 1998. Formal links with the Michener Institute in Toronto have allowed Canadian students access to study resources during the course. All students entering the course are accredited or registered with their respective professional societies. The short conversion programme for those with three year diplomas includes Nuclear Medicine Physics and Instrumentation, Imaging Pathology, Clinical Neuroscience and Research Method subjects. An inaugural undergraduate degree programme in Nuclear Medicine Technology commences in first semester of 1998 on the Riverina Campus at Wagga Wagga. An intake of 15 students is anticipated. This small group of rural based students will have the benefits of international expertise. The programme has a strong clinical practice component including time on campus to supplement the practicum in departments. Physiology studies continue through to third year to complement the professional subjects. Active participation is solicited from those departments involved with aspects of the practicum well before students are placed. A fully functional teaching laboratory has been constructed containing a well equipped radiopharmacy, gamma camera room and computer laboratory using modern applications software to provide the students with a solid background in their chosen field

  4. Juan Luis Vives y Charles S. Peirce

    OpenAIRE

    Nubiola, J. (Jaime)

    2005-01-01

    Connections between J.L.Vives and C.S. Peirce are shown. Not only is reflec-tion on language and meaning central in both thinkers, but Peirce also knew Vives' thought especially through W. Hamilton and the Scottish common sense school. Peirce credited Vives with being a forerunner of the use of dia-grams in logic, and both share a critical view of late medieval nominalistic logicians and a social and hierarchical conception of knowledge.

  5. Venemaa pani vastu seina / Charles Ryan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ryan, Charles

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa majandus aeglustub, finantskriis ja nafta hinna kukkumine õõnestas nii välis- kui ka kohalike investorite usaldust, ka peaminister Vladimir Putini olukord on palju ebakindlam kui pealtnäha paistab

  6. Nuclear Medicine at Charles Sturt University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swan, H. [Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW (Australia); Sinclair, P. [Charles Sturt University, Dubbo, NSW (Australia); Scollard, D. [Michener Institute, Toronto (Canada)

    1998-06-01

    Full text: A distance educational programme for upgrading of Certificate, Associate Diploma and Diploma to a Bachelor of Applied Science degree commenced in second semester of 1997 with approximately 15 Australian students and 15 Canadian students. The first graduation will occur in 1998. Formal links with the Michener Institute in Toronto have allowed Canadian students access to study resources during the course. All students entering the course are accredited or registered with their respective professional societies. The short conversion programme for those with three year diplomas includes Nuclear Medicine Physics and Instrumentation, Imaging Pathology, Clinical Neuroscience and Research Method subjects. An inaugural undergraduate degree programme in Nuclear Medicine Technology commences in first semester of 1998 on the Riverina Campus at Wagga Wagga. An intake of 15 students is anticipated. This small group of rural based students will have the benefits of international expertise. The programme has a strong clinical practice component including time on campus to supplement the practicum in departments. Physiology studies continue through to third year to complement the professional subjects. Active participation is solicited from those departments involved with aspects of the practicum well before students are placed. A fully functional teaching laboratory has been constructed containing a well equipped radiopharmacy, gamma camera room and computer laboratory using modern applications software to provide the students with a solid background in their chosen field

  7. Asa Gray and Charles Darwin: Corresponding Naturalists

    OpenAIRE

    Browne, Janet E

    2010-01-01

    Recent work on the rise of science in the nineteenth century has encouraged historians to look again at the role of correspondence. Naturalists relied extensively on this form of contact and correspondence was a major element in generating a community of experts who agreed on what comprised valid knowledge. As a leading figure in the development of North American botany, Asa Gray found that letters with botanists and collectors all over the world greatly expanded his areas of influence. La...

  8. Prints Charles toetab talunike innovatsiooni / Merit Mikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikk, Merit, 1969-

    2015-01-01

    Mahe- ja tavatootjatele suunatud uuenduslike tehnoloogiate arendamise ja jätkusuutlike lahenduste leidmise programmist Duchy Future Farming. Programmi veavad prints Charlesi fond, maheorganisatsioon Soil Association, Waitrose kaubandusketi juhtiv mahebränd Duchy Organics ja mahepõllumajanduse uurimiskeskus (Organic Research Centre)

  9. Homoeroticism in the novels of Charles Dickens.

    OpenAIRE

    Furneaux, H

    2005-01-01

    This thesis examines the wealth of representations of same-sex desire throughout Dickens's literary career, deploying a combination of historicist, feminist and queer theory approaches to challenge the continued silencing of sexually subversive material in current Dickens studies. Without eliding their important differences the project explores both male and female homoeroticism, recognising such articulations as part of Dickens's wider exploration of the socially and sexually disenfranchised...

  10. Estonian sugar mountain turns sour / Alec Charles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Charles, Alec

    2005-01-01

    Eesti valitsus jätkab võitlust Euroopa Komisjoniga, et mitte maksta 55 miljonit eurot trahvi suhkru ladustamise eest. Peaminister Juhan Parts saatis Euroopa Komisjoni presidendile Jose Manuel Barrosole kirja, milles palus trahvi nõudmise suhtes järele mõelda.

  11. The Hong Kong of Russia? / Charles Cormack

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cormack, Charles

    2011-01-01

    Autor julgustab Balti riikide ettevõtteid rohkem kasutama ära oma geograafilist positsiooni ning sisenema Venemaa turule. Samuti on Balti riigid Lääne ettevõtetele heaks võimaluseks ja hüppelauaks Venemaale laienemisel

  12. L'infante Jeanne d'Autriche, princesse de Portugal, régente en Espagne pendant l'interrègne de Charles Quint à Philippe II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-José GARCIA

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Les infantes ont souvent dû assumer une charge hautement exposée – la régence – à laquelle elles n'accédaient qu'en tant qu'ultime recours, quoi qu'il fût généralement envisagé comme un devoir potentiel dès leur naissance.Le cas de Jeanne d'Autriche, fille de Charles Quint, fournit un exemple significatif de situations de ce genre, puisqu’elle dut s'acquitter de cette haute charge politique en Espagne, entre 1555 et 1559.Partant d'une analyse de la figure historique qui nous est parvenue de cette infante, nous nous sommes interrogés sur la dimension de l'apport qu'a constitué son action de régente à la construction de son personnage.Une fois rappelées les hésitations qui ont procédé au choix de l'infante Jeanne, émanation de deux volontés également puissantes et, paradoxalement, également souveraines, – celle de l'empereur et celle du prince Philippe – nous avons dessiné les circonstances dans lesquelles se trouvent imbriquées la situation de l'infante, celle de l'empereur, celle du régent en titre – le prince Philippe – et celle de l'espace péninsulaire.La personnalité de Jeanne d'Autriche est évoquée finalement à partir de détails biographiques choisis et de représentations, pour mesurer ses apports à la dimension du personnage historique tel que nous sommes en mesure de le percevoir.A algunas infantas les incumbió asumir un cargo altamente expuesto – la regencia – al que sólo accedían como último recurso, aunque se considerara ese papel parte íntegra de los deberes inherentes a su condición.El caso de la infanta Juana de Austria, hija de Carlos Quinto, al haber sido encargada del gobierno de España entre 1555 y 1559, proporciona un claro ejemplo de tales situaciones.Partiendo de un análisis de la figura histórica que nos fue transmitida de la infanta, nos hemos planteado la cuestión de la medida en que contribuyó su actuación de gobernadora a los rasgos de dicha figura

  13. Diagnosis and treatment of Morton neuroma%Morton神经瘤的诊治进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡孙君; 陈舰; 陈杰; 叶征; 缪佳庆

    2009-01-01

    回顾性研究国内外近年来大量关于Morton神经瘤的诊断与治疗策略方面的研究文献,总结Morton神经瘤临床特征,探讨不同治疗方法的优缺点与临床疗效.目前认为,Morton神经瘤为趾总神经受到刺激或压迫等因素而产生一系列病理变化的症候群,临床显示其发病因素复杂.Morton神经瘤的诊断必须结合体格检查和辅助检查.其目前的治疗方法主要包括:保守治疗、超声辅助下药物注射疗法、关节镜下神经松解术、神经瘤切除术等,不同的方法存在不同的优缺点,何种方式最优尚存在一定争议.

  14. Clinical Inquiry. What is the best way to treat Morton's neuroma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreiber, Kent; Khodaee, Morteza; Poddar, Sourav; Tweed, Elizabeth M

    2011-03-01

    No single treatment has been identified in the literature. That said, a protocol of stepped care that showed good results in an uncontrolled trial seems reasonable: patient education and foot-wear or insole changes, followed by corticosteroid injections and, finally, surgery (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, case series). Injecting sclerosing alcohol depends on the provider's access to and comfort with ultrasound, but the evidence is insufficient to recommend it routinely (SOR: C, case series). PMID:21369560

  15. Acceleration Method of Neighbor Search with GRAPE and Morton-ordering

    OpenAIRE

    Saitoh, T. R.; J. Koda

    2003-01-01

    We describe a new method to accelerate neighbor searches on GRAPE, i.e. a special purpose hardware that efficiently calculates gravitational forces and potentials in $N$-body simulations. In addition to the gravitational calculations, GRAPE simultaneously constructs the lists of neighbor particles that are necessary for Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). However, data transfer of the neighbor lists from GRAPE to the host computer is time consuming, and can be a bottleneck. In fact, the da...

  16. Pricing rate of return guarantees in a Heath-Jarrow-Morton framework

    OpenAIRE

    Kristian R. Miltersen; Persson, Svein-Arne

    1998-01-01

    Rate of return guarantees are included in many financial products, for example life insurance contracts or guaranteed investment contracts issued by investment banks. The holder of such a contract is guaranteed a fixed periodically rate of return rather than - or in addition to - a fixed absolute amount at expiration. We consider rate of return guarantees where the underlying rate of return is either (i) the rate of return on a stock investment or (ii) the short-term interest rate. Various ty...

  17. Description of larva, redescription of adults and biology of Mortogenesia mesopotamica (Morton, 1921) (Ephemeroptera: Palingeniidae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Soldán, Tomáš; Godunko, Roman J.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 3741, č. 2 (2013), s. 265-278. ISSN 1175-5326 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/08/1389 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : morphology * differential diagnosis * metamorphic stages Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 1.060, year: 2013

  18. Conserving plants in gene banks and nature: Investigating complementarity with Trifolium thompsonii Morton

    Science.gov (United States)

    A standard conservation strategy for plant genetic resources integrates in situ (on-farm or wild) and ex situ (gene or field bank) approaches. Gene bank managers collect ex situ accessions that represent a comprehensive snap shot of the genetic diversity of in situ populations at a given time and pl...

  19. Dewey's Theory of Moral (and Political) Deliberation Unfiltered

    OpenAIRE

    Ralston, Shane J

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, I argue that many recent interpretations of John Dewey’s vision of democracy distort that vision by filtering it through the prism of contemporary deliberative democratic theories. An earlier attempt to defend Dewey’s theory of moral deliberation is instructive for understanding the nature and function of this filter. In James Gouinlock’s essay “Dewey’s Theory of Moral Deliberation,” he argues that Morton White and Charles L. Stevenson’s criticisms of John Dewey’s ethical theor...

  20. Review Article: The Vanished Ghosts in Two Hungarian Family Memoirs. Farkas, Charles. 2013. Vanished by the Danube: Peace, War, Revolution, and Flight to the West (Introduction by Margaret McMullan. Albany: Excelsior Editions, State University of New York Press. 472 pp. Illus; and Barlay, Nick. 2013. Scattered Ghosts: One Family's Survival through War, Holocaust and Revolution. London and New York: I. B. Tauris. 240 pp. Illus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth G. Biro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent personal documentary works about major historical events of the twentieth century, e.g., World War II, the Holocaust and the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, offer their readers a rich and multifaceted narrative, or a history that is also "his story," "her story" and that of entire families, cohorts and communities. Often, these works are accompanied by visual artifacts such as photographs, family tress, maps etc., or supported by concise historical surveys. Thus these memoirs complete the work of historians with the lived experiences of the few that represent many. Such is the case with two 2013 books by Charles Farkas and Nick Barlay depicting their mid-twentieth century Hungarian families, one Christian and one Jewish, through two World Wars and the anti-communist uprising, culminating in their escape to the West and in the two authors looking back upon the Hungarian past of their families.

  1. "The pale trees shook, although no wind blew, and it seemed to Tristran that they shook in anger": “blind space” and ecofeminism in a post-colonial reading of Neil Gaiman and Charles Vess’s graphic novel Stardust (1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Curry

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article calls on two branches of third-wave feminist theory – ecofeminism and post-colonial feminism – to investigate human and nonhuman interrelations in Neil Gaiman’s young adult graphic novel, Stardust, illustrated by Charles Vess. Stardust follows Tristran Thorn on his journey into the land of Faerie in his attempt to capture and bring back a fallen star. Faerie is both a natural and exotic space and Tristran’s journey “to the East” transposes an Orientalist aesthetic onto its wild geography. Tristran, as would-be coloniser, views Faerie as a place of potentially inexhaustible natural resources. The star – as the imperialistic goal – is in fact a woman, which endows the wild space with further Oriental tropes, rendering it sensual, feminine and embodied. Tristran’s imperialistic impulse is thus associated with both a cultural impulse towards the domination of nature and a patriarchal impulse towards the oppression of women. Tristran’s increasing recognition of the star’s right to a fully realised selfhood sits uncomfortably with his initial imperialistic ambitions. As the novel progresses, the East becomes not, as it has been, a natural world ripe for colonial exploration and exploitation, but a place of positive intersubjective relations between humans and non-human nature. Initially both a real and illusory textual space resembling Edward Said’s “imaginative geography,” Faerie ultimately becomes a space to call “home,” in an overt critique of the nineteenth century boy’s adventure story with its implicit glorification of empire. Thus, it is argued, Stardust’s ecofeminist counter-discourse

  2. Study on co-infection of tick-borne pathogens in Ixodes persulcatus in Charles Hilary, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region%新疆维吾尔自治区夏尔西里自然保护区全沟硬蜱复合感染蜱媒病原研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓明; 张桂林; 刘然; 孙响; 郑重; 邱尔臣; 马晓玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the co-infection of tick-borne pathogens in Ixodes persulcatus collected in Charles Hilary,Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region (Xinjiang).Methods Ticks were collected by flagging in grassy areas in Charles Hilary,Xinjiang from June 2012 to June 2013.The 5S-23S rRNA intergenic region from Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi,16S rRNA gene from Anaplasma,ompA gene from spotted fever group Rickettsia,comI gene from Coxiella (C.) burneti and Nss-rRNA gene from Babesia were amplified with nested polymerase chain reaction (nested PCR),respectively.Results Among 204 lxodes persulcatus,104 were positive for tick-borne pathogens with the positive rate of 50.98%,and among them the positive rates of B.burgdorferi,spotted fever group Rickettsia and Anaplasma phagocytophilum were 34.31% (n =70),28.92% (n =59),9.31% (n =19),respectively.And no C.burnetii and Babesia were detected.The overall co-infection rate was 19.12% (39/204),the co-infection rate was 16.18%(33/204) for B.garinii and spotted fever group Rickettsia,4.90% (10/204) for B.burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum,2.94%(6/204) for spotted fever group Rickettsia and Anaplasma phagocytophilum and 2.45% (5/204) for B.burgdorferi,Anaplasma phagocytophilum and spotted fever group Rickettsia.Conclusion The results indicated that the natural co-infections of B.garinii,B.afzelii,Anaplasma phagocytophilum and spotted fever group Rickettsia existed in Charles Hilary Ixodes persulcatus collected in Xinjiang.%目的 了解新疆维吾尔自治区(新疆)夏尔西里自然保护区全沟硬蜱蜱媒病原复合感染情况.方法 2012年6月至2013年6月在新疆夏尔西里自然保护区采用布旗法采集全沟硬蜱,通过巢式PCR方法对蜱体内莱姆病伯氏疏螺旋体[Borrelia(B.) burgdorferi] 5S~ 23S rRNA基因间隔区、无形体(Anaplasma)16S rRNA基因、斑点热立克次体(Rickettsia) ompA基因、Q热贝氏柯克斯体Coxiella(C.)burneti的com1基因、巴贝西原虫(Babesia)

  3. PORTER S FIVE FORCES MODEL SCOTT MORTON S FIVE FORCES MODEL BAKOS TREACY MODEL ANALYZES STRATEGIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Indra Gamayanto

    2004-01-01

    Wollongong City Council (WCC) is one of the most progressive and innovative local government organizations in Australia. Wollongong City Council use Information Technology to gain the competitive advantage and to face a global economy in the future. Porter's Five Force model is one of the models that can be using at Wollongong City Council because porter's five Forces model has strength in relationship between buyer and suppliers (Bargaining power of suppliers and bargaining power of buyers)....

  4. Application of the Sea-Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM 5.0) to Elizabeth A. Morton NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This SeaLevel Affecting Marshes Model SLAMM report presents a model for projecting the effects of sealevel rise on coastal marshes and related habitats on Elizabeth...

  5. On the Relationship Between Pip and Charles Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何长求

    2007-01-01

    @@ 1 Introduction Since late of 1950s,Great Expectations comes to be studied by many scholars and universities.They have studied the background that Dickens wrote the novel,the relationship between Pip and Estella,the relationship between Pip and Miss Havisham,Dickens' thought and attitude towards the hierarchical,and they compared David Copperfield with Great Expectations.

  6. Charles M. Russell Wilderness Character Monitoring Back-end Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Wilderness Act of 1964 mandated the preservation of wilderness character. The NWRS has 18% of designated wilderness, comprising 21 million acres. After over 40...

  7. Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map Database, Charles County, Maryland, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Digital Flood Insurance Rate Map (DFIRM) Database depicts flood risk information and supporting data used to develop the risk data. The primary risk...

  8. Distance education technologies : a classification and evaluation / Charl Nel

    OpenAIRE

    Nel, Charl

    2001-01-01

    We are at a point in the history of higher education in South Africa when radical changes are occurring in instructional delivery system models. Of increasing significance is a mixed mode of traditional and distance delivery (i.e. Telematic Learning Systems at the PU for CHE). In this changing environment, language lecturers, the persons responsible for developing language modules within various Telematic programmes, remain a key element in the teaching and learning process. ...

  9. The Road Inventory of Charles M Russell Wetlands Management District

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To determine the relative needs of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Federal Highway Administration FHWA was asked to inventory all public access and...

  10. Prodavaja Estoniju zapadu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Charles Ehnman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    1998-01-01

    Tõlge Toomas Hendrik Ilvese antud intervjuust Kanada ajalehele "The Ottawa Citizen". Eesti majanduse olukord, ühinemine EL-i ja NATO-ga. Venelaste integreerimise tingimused. Kanada-Eesti suhted. Majanduslik olukord Venemaal

  11. Charles Darwin and Evolution: Illustrating Human Aspects of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampourakis, Kostas; McComas, William F.

    2010-01-01

    Recently, the nature of science (NOS) has become recognized as an important element within the K-12 science curriculum. Despite differences in the ultimate lists of recommended aspects, a consensus is emerging on what specific NOS elements should be the focus of science instruction and inform textbook writers and curriculum developers. In this…

  12. Fifty years of invasion ecology: The legacy of Charles Elton

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Richardson, D. M.; Pyšek, Petr

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 2 (2008), s. 161-168. ISSN 1366-9516 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : bibliometric analysis * biological invasions * citation analysis Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 3.446, year: 2008

  13. Charles Dick: Agricultural Regulation in Santa Cruz, 1930- 1967

    OpenAIRE

    Regional History Project, UCSC Library; Dick, Charles; Jarrell, Randall

    1997-01-01

    This is the oral history of the late county agricultural commissioner, who traces the history of California's unique system of agricultural regulation and inspection, which dates from the 1880s. Dick's overview of county agriculture includes the increasing importance of pesticide regulation (which is currently a very debated issue in the strawberry industry); mechanization, changes in local crops and acreages, farm labor and unionization, and the demise of the family farm.

  14. Statement by Charles W. Steger on racially motivated graffiti incident

    OpenAIRE

    Steger, Charles W.

    2005-01-01

    This past weekend, the university experienced another incident of racially motivated graffiti. I am disappointed and deeply troubled that another incident of hate and intolerance occurred on our campus this semester. As a university, we condemn such reprehensible actions.

  15. The Road Inventory of Charles M Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To determine the relative needs of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Federal Highway Administration FHWA was asked to inventory all public access and...

  16. La creatividad científica de Charles Darwin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Valenzuela Garcés

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Un reverendo que había sido capellán de la reina Víctoria siente terroral leer a Darwin y, desde su posición en la Iglesia, no duda en combatirlo.Karl Marx, después de leer El origen de las especies (1859, sienteel impulso de dedicarle su ópera magna El capital, pero Darwin declinael honor y aconseja al prusiano rojo que piense en otro intelectual conmás méritos que él. Convencidos de sus tesis, gran cantidad de organizacionesdel movimiento obrero europeo, durante la segunda mitad delsiglo XIX, se doblega ante él y se convierte al darwinismo, no sin antesasumir el nuevo catecismo de la ciencia que su teoría ha traído al mundode los materialistas y desposeídos. Hoy, pasados ciento cincuenta añosde la publicación de su obra cumbre, las diversas comunidades científicasreconocen la importancia de su contribución en campos comola genética, etnobotánica, antropología, teología, biología, geografía,filosofía, neurología, psicoanálisis, psiquiatría o la lingüística.

  17. Charles Darwin y El origen de las especies

    OpenAIRE

    CSIC - Vicepresidencia Adjunta de Organización y Cultura Científica (VAOCC)

    2009-01-01

    Estos materiales están dirigidos a la divulgación, el fomento de la cultura científica y las vocaciones científicas, y la docencia. Es posible copiar, compartir y distribuir sus contenidos siempre y cuando se reconozca la autoría, no haya fines comerciales y no se realicen obras derivadas (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).

  18. 78 FR 40213 - Charles Schwab Investment Management, Inc., et al.;

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ... institutional investors and arbitrageurs. Applicants expect that secondary market purchasers of Shares will include both institutional and retail investors.\\19\\ Applicants believe that the structure and operation... directly or indirectly owning, controlling, or holding with power to vote 5% or more of the...

  19. Nuclear orientation facility at Charles University in Prague

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rotter, M.; Trhlík, M.; Hubalovský, S.; Srnka, Aleš; Dupák, Jan; Ota, J.; Pari, P.

    2000-01-01

    Roč. 50, Supp. S1 (2000), s. 381-384. ISSN 0011-4626. [Symmetry and Spin. Praha, 05.09.1999-12.09.1999] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2065902 Subject RIV: JR - Other Machinery Impact factor: 0.298, year: 2000

  20. Biological invasions – the widening debate: response to Charles Warren

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Richardson, D. M.; Pyšek, Petr; Simberloff, D.; Rejmánek, M.; Mader, A. D.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 32, č. 2 (2008), s. 295-298. ISSN 0309-1325 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : biological invasions * human dimension * native invaders Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 3.482, year: 2008