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Sample records for charles morton gottlich

  1. Morton neuroma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Forefoot problems, including bunions and hammer toes High foot arches Morton neuroma is more common in women than in men. ... Morton neuroma can make walking difficult. Persons with this foot ... activities that put pressure on the foot, such as pressing the ...

  2. [Morton's disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isomoto, Shinji; Tanaka, Yasuhito

    2014-12-01

    Morton's disease refers to neuralgia at the web space of the toes with a pseudo-neuroma. It commonly occurs in the third web space of the foot in middle-aged and older women. The pseudo-neuroma is thought to be a secondary change after entrapment or repeated microtrauma. Patients complain of forefoot pain while walking. Typically, symptoms are caused by tight high-heeled shoes. The physical examination includes palpation of the web spaces and Mulder's test. Weight bearing foot radiographs are used to evaluate the deformity of the foot, especially at metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints. MRI is useful for differential diagnosis of pseudo-neuroma, MTP joint arthritis, and interdigital bursitis. Conservative treatments are shoe modification, use of orthotic insoles, and injection of corticosteroids and local anesthesia. The injections are useful not only for the treatment but also for diagnosis of Morton's disease. If the local injection is not temporally effective, surgical treatment is not indicated. If the conservative treatment fails, surgical treatment is indicated. The most common surgery is excision of the pseudo-neuroma. The surgery is usually performed using a dorsal approach. PMID:25475032

  3. Who was Morton Prince?

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, R W

    1992-11-01

    Morton Prince, a Boston neurologist, founded the Journal of Abnormal Psychology in 1906 as an outlet especially for those who took a psychogenic view of neurotic disorders. Through experiments with hypnotism, he added appreciably to knowledge of subconscious and coconscious mental processes; The Dissociation of a Personality (Prince, 1905) still ranks as a classic. He early saw that studying normal people in the depth and detail with which one studied patients could make significant contributions to our whole understanding of human nature. Before his death he established and briefly directed the Harvard Psychological Clinic, devising the research environment out of which presently sprang major contributions to the study of personality. PMID:1430597

  4. Morton neuroma: MRI diagnostic value

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of MRI in Morton's Neuroma (MN). Material and methods: 23 patients with clinical diagnosis of MN were examined under two different protocols, with a 1.5 T Magnet. 1) T1, FSET2, FIR, T1 with contrast enhancement and fat suppression; 2) T1, FSET2, FIR without contrast enhancement (i.v. Gadolinium). Results: In the first group MN was found in 7 patients. In the second group 14 patients were studied, 7 with positive MR for neuroma, and 9 with negative MR. 6 were true-negative and 3 were false-negative. The Fisher Test between both groups was p < 0.05. Conclusion: MRI is effective for the diagnosis of Morton neuroma. The use of gadolinium and fat suppression significantly improved the detection of Morton neuroma, allowing better measurements of the lesion. These findings do not correlate with previous papers that do not encourage the use of i.v. Gadolinium. (author)

  5. Rheumatoid nodule presenting as Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaganti, S; Joshy, S; Hariharan, K; Rashid, M

    2013-09-01

    Among 101 feet that presented with symptoms and signs similar to Morton's neuroma, intermetatarsal rheumatoid nodules were found in five feet (three patients). Two patients had bilateral involvement. Histology of the excised tissue showed the presence of a rheumatoid nodule and Morton's neuroma in four feet and a rheumatoid nodule with unremarkable nerve bundles in one. A rheumatoid nodule can coexist with Morton's neuroma, as seen in our patients, and the presentation is often similar to that of a Morton's neuroma. Our patients were rendered asymptomatic with surgical treatment and went on to have appropriate management of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid nodule should be considered in the differential diagnosis of Morton's neuroma in not only rheumatoid arthritis patients but also asymptomatic patients who have never been tested for rheumatoid antibodies. PMID:23135058

  6. Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge Information Book

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This booklet provides a biological overview of the Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge in 1969. It also presents the refuge objectives and recreational...

  7. Diagnosis and treatment of Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers, Anthony

    2010-09-01

    Morton's neuroma is a benign foot condition that occurs more often in women than men, and particularly in those who wear narrow, high-heeled shoes. This article presents a case study of the condition, discusses its symptoms and diagnosis, and provides information about the range of treatments on offer. PMID:20882801

  8. Charles Kindleberger

    OpenAIRE

    Kane, Edward J.

    2004-01-01

    Minimalist economists stubbornly resist Charles Kindleberger's characterization of investor expectations in a financial bubble as "irrational." This paper seeks to resolve the controversy by imbedding Kindleberger's well-researched, impressionistic theory of financial crises into an expanded, but still-minimalist model of rational expectations. Introducing the concepts of malicious disinformation and rational overpromotion creates an informational environment in which it is time-consuming and...

  9. Operative treatment of interdigital Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Maurizio; Crucil, Marina; Alecci, Vincenzo

    2008-05-01

    The Authors present their experience in the surgical treatment of Morton's neuroma via a dorsal approach. The assessed results have been very good in terms of a clear clinical improvement and no recurrences in all the treated cases. The histological examination carried out on all the removed samples have shown that the thickening of the nerve first occurs due to perineural fibrosis and successively associated with sclerohyalinosis of the tissue, which is in line with the already existing literature reports. The Authors of the article reckon the adopted surgical technique to be simple, safe and highly effective. PMID:18343980

  10. Narrative Report : Morton National Wildlife Refuge : 1972 Calendar Year

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Morton National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1972 calendar year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  11. Morton Neuroma: Evaluated with Ultrasonography and MR Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Mi-jung; Kim, Sungjun; Huh, Yong-Min; Song, Ho-Taek; Lee, Sung-Ah; Lee, Jin Woo; Suh, Jin-Suck

    2007-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of both ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of Morton neuroma. Materials and Methods Our study group was comprised of 20 neuromas from 17 patients, and the neuromas were confirmed on surgery following evaluation with US, MRI, or both US and MRI. The diagnostic criterion for Morton neuroma, as examined by US, was the presence of a round or ovoid, well-defined, hypoechoic mass. Th...

  12. 77 FR 60144 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... Pharmaceuticals Pursuant to 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), this is notice that on July 12, 2012, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois 60053-2633,...

  13. 78 FR 69133 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... Pharmaceuticals Pursuant to Sec. 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), this is notice that on October 7, 2013, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois...

  14. 78 FR 17231 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application: Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... Pharmaceuticals Pursuant to Sec. 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), this is notice that on December 14, 2012, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois...

  15. 78 FR 52802 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-26

    ... Pharmaceuticals By Notice dated March 12, 2013, and published in the Federal Register on March 20, 2013, 78 FR 17231, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois 60053-2633, made... determined that the registration of Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals to manufacture the listed basic class...

  16. 78 FR 5503 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Registration; Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... Pharmaceuticals By Notice dated September 25, 2012, and published in the Federal Register on October 2, 2012, 77 FR 60144, Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals, 6451 Main Street, Morton Grove, Illinois 60053-2633, made... determined that the registration of Morton Grove Pharmaceuticals to manufacture the listed basic class...

  17. Atypical charles bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, Priti; Jain, Rajan; Tripathi, Vaibhav

    2013-10-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is not uncommon disorder. It may not present with all typical symptoms and intact insight. Here, a case of atypical CBS is reported where antipsychotics were not effective. Patient improved completely after restoration of vision.

  18. The outcome of Morton's neurectomy in the treatment of metatarsalgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pace, Alistair; Scammell, Brigitte; Dhar, Sunil

    2010-04-01

    Morton's neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia caused by intermetarsal digital nerve thickening. This study reviews the pathology, presentation, symptoms and signs, and patient satisfaction with surgical treatment. Seventy-eight patients (82 feet) were treated for Morton's metatarsalgia by excision of the interdigital nerve. The patients were followed-up for a mean of 4.6 years (range 0.8-8.1 years) and scored using the Foot Functional Index and the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society scoring system. In 74 patients the Foot Functional Index was more than 85 (maximum score 100). Seventy-one patients scored more than 90 on the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society scoring system with two patients scoring 100 (maximum score). Postoperatively, 82% reported excellent or good results, 10% had a fair result with restriction of activities or pain and 8% had no improvement at all after surgery while 71% had restrictions with footwear. PMID:19484237

  19. Ultrasound-Guided Diagnosis and Treatment of Morton's Neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ata, Ayşe Merve; Onat, Şule Şahin; Özçakar, Levent

    2016-02-01

    Morton's neuroma is the fibrous enlargement of the interdigital nerve branches, usually in the second and third interspace between the metatarsal heads where the lateral and medial plantar nerves often join. Specific symptoms are dull or sharp pain, numbness and/or tingling in the third and fourth digits, burning sensation, cramping, and a feeling of "walking on a stone" around the metatarsal heads. Numerous clinical tests for Morton's neuroma have been described, such as thumb index finger squeeze, and Mulder's click and foot squeeze tests. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging can be used for confirmation, especially for differential diagnosis, exact localization, and number of neuromas. Further, performing dynamic imaging during the aforementioned tests is paramount and can readily be carried out with ultrasound. The treatment mainly comprises footwear modifications, radiofrequency ablation, physical therapy, local (corticosteroid and anesthetic) injections into the affected webspace, and surgery. Again the use of real-time ultrasound guidance during such interventions is noteworthy. PMID:26815264

  20. Morton Neuroma: Evaluated with Ultrasonography and MR Imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Mi-Jung; Kim, Sung-Jun; Huh, Yong-Min; Song, Ho-Taek; Lee, Sung-Ah; Lee, Jin Woo; Suh, Jin-Suck [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of both ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the assessment of Morton neuroma. Our study group was comprised of 20 neuromas from 17 patients, and the neuromas were confirmed on surgery following evaluation with US, MRI, or both US and MRI. The diagnostic criterion for Morton neuroma, as examined by US, was the presence of a round or ovoid, well-defined, hypoechoic mass. The diagnostic criterion, based on MR imaging, was a well defined mass with intermediate to low signal intensity on both the T1- and T2-weighted images. The retrospective comparison between the sonographic and MR images was done by two experienced radiologists working in consensus with the surgical and pathologic correlations. The detection rate of Morton neuroma was 79% for 14 neuromas from 11 patients who had undergone US followed by an operation. The detection rate was 76% for 17 neuromas from 15 patients who had undergone MRI and a subsequent operation. The mean size of the examined neuromas was 4.9 mm on the US images and it was 5.1 mm on the MRI studies. Ten neuromas (71%) were 5 mm or less as measured by US, and three neuromas were not detected, whereas on the MRI analysis, 10 neuromas (59%) were 5 mm or less and four neuromas were not visualized. Among the patients examined during postoperative followup, symptoms were completely relieved in 85% and the symptoms were partially relieved in 15%. US and MR imaging are comparable modalities with high detection rate for the evaluation of Morton neuroma.

  1. Morton's foot and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate deficiency: genetically linked traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Trent W; Gaiteri, Christopher

    2014-12-01

    Vitamin B6 is an essential vitamin needed for many chemical reactions in the human body. It exists as several vitamins forms but pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is the phosphorylated form needed for transamination, deamination, and decarboxylation. PLP is important in the production of neurotransmitters, acts as a Schiff base and is essential in the metabolism of homocysteine, a toxic amino acid involved in cardiovascular disease, stroke, thrombotic and Alzheimer's disease. This report announces the connection between a deficit of PLP with a genetically linked physical foot form known as the Morton's foot. Morton's foot has been associated with fibromyalgia/myofascial pain syndrome. Another gene mutation methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFr) is now being recognized much commonly than previous with chronic fatigue, chronic Lyme diseases and as "the missing link" in other chronic diseases. PLP deficiency also plays a role in impaired glucose tolerance and may play a much bigger role in the obesity, diabetes, fatty liver and metabolic syndrome. Without the Schiff-base of PLP acting as an electron sink, storing electrons and dispensing them in the mitochondria, free radical damage occurs! The recognition that a phenotypical expression (Morton's foot) of a gene resulting in deficiency of an important cofactor enzyme pyridoxal 5'-phosphate will hopefully alert physicians and nutritionist to these phenomena. Supplementation with PLP, L5-MTHF, B12 and trimethylglycine should be used in those patients with hyperhomocysteinemia and/or MTHFR gene mutation. PMID:25441836

  2. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compositions of lentil (Lens culinaris var. Morton) extract and its fractions

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Yanping; Chang, Sam K.C.; Gu, Yan; Qian, Steven Y.

    2011-01-01

    Phenolic compounds were extracted from Morton lentils using acidified aqueous acetone. The crude Morton extract (CME) was applied onto a macroresin column and desorbed by aqueous methanol to obtain a semi-purified Morton extract (SPME). The SPME was further fractionated over Sephadex LH-20 column into five main fractions (Fr I – Fr V). The phytochemical contents such as total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and condensed tannin content (CTC) of the CME, SPME, and its fr...

  3. Charles Dickens and epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosnett, J E

    1994-01-01

    Through some characters in his novels, Charles Dickens recorded observations on the nature of epileptic seizures, their causes and provocation, and their consequences. Three of his main characters, Monks, Guster, and Bradley Headstone, had seizures which Dickens realistically described. PMID:8082641

  4. Charles Dickens: Multiform Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Melvin H.

    In both speaking and writing, the goal is communication with the intended audience. Rejecting the view that rhetoric is based on an established set of conventions, this article examines the writings of Charles Dickens as models of rhetorical expression. Passages from Dicken's novels illustrate how the writer violated grammatical rules and broke…

  5. [Charles Bukowski's acne].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahmer, F A; Bahmer, J A

    2012-04-01

    In his autobiography, Charles Bukowski (1920-1994) describes his severe acne conglobata, his experience with therapy, family conflicts and emotional tension. Despite the stigmatization by his acne scars, Bukowski became a philobatic writer and a true chronist of the American way of life in the second half of the 20th century, writing in a coarse and obscene language.

  6. Atypical charles bonnet syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priti Arun

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS is not uncommon disorder. It may not present with all typical symptoms and intact insight. Here, a case of atypical CBS is reported where antipsychotics were not effective. Patient improved completely after restoration of vision.

  7. Researches regarding the Morton ether inhaler at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haridas, Rajesh P; Mifflin, Jeffrey A

    2013-11-01

    The Morton ether inhaler in the possession of Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, was traced back to 1906 when the earliest known photograph of it was published. The authors believe that the inhaler was given by William T. G. Morton, MD, to J. Mason Warren, MD, in January 1847. The inhaler was acquired by the Warren Anatomical Museum at an unknown date, loaned to Massachusetts General Hospital in October 1946, and placed on permanent loan to Massachusetts General Hospital in April 1948. Many documents relating to the inhaler have disappeared, and it was only identified in 2009 as the inhaler that probably belonged to J. Mason Warren, MD. The inhaler is not believed to be the one that Morton used on October 16, 1846, at Massachusetts General Hospital. It is the only known example of a Morton ether inhaler with valves (excluding replicas or reproduction inhalers) and is probably of similar design to the inhaler that Morton used on October 16, 1846.

  8. Charles John Huffam Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Charles John Huffam Dickens(7 February1812-9 June 1870)was an English writer and social critic.He created some of the world’s most memorable fictional characters and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period.During his life,his works enjoyed unprecedented fame,and by the twentieth centuryhis literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars.His novels

  9. Charles Darwin i 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Charles Darwin blev født d. 12. februar 1809. Hans mest berømte bog, 'Om arternes oprindelse', udkom d. 24. november 1859. Det gør 2009 til noget ganske særligt for både Darwin og evolutionsteorien. Det er nemlig i år både Darwins 200-års fødselsdag og 150-års jubilæet for en af de mest...

  10. Lake Charles CCS Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leib, Thomas [Leucadia Energy, LLC, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Cole, Dan [Denbury Onshore, LLC, Plano, TX (United States)

    2015-06-30

    In late September 2014 development of the Lake Charles Clean Energy (LCCE) Plant was abandoned resulting in termination of Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project which was a subset the LCCE Plant. As a result, the project was only funded through Phase 2A (Design) and did not enter Phase 2B (Construction) or Phase 2C (Operations). This report was prepared relying on information prepared and provided by engineering companies which were engaged by Leucadia Energy, LLC to prepare or review Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) for the Lake Charles Clean Energy Project, which includes the Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project in Lake Charles, Louisiana. The Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Project was to be a large-scale industrial CCS project intended to demonstrate advanced technologies that capture and sequester carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources into underground formations. The Scope of work was divided into two discrete sections; 1) Capture and Compression prepared by the Recipient Leucadia Energy, LLC, and 2) Transport and Sequestration prepared by sub-Recipient Denbury Onshore, LLC. Capture and Compression-The Lake Charles CCS Project Final Technical Report describes the systems and equipment that would be necessary to capture CO2 generated in a large industrial gasification process and sequester the CO2 into underground formations. The purpose of each system is defined along with a description of its equipment and operation. Criteria for selection of major equipment are provided and ancillary utilities necessary for safe and reliable operation in compliance with environmental regulations are described. Construction considerations are described including a general arrangement of the CCS process units within the overall gasification project. A cost estimate is provided, delineated by system area with cost breakdown showing equipment, piping and materials

  11. Consistency problems for Heath-Jarrow-Morton interest rate models

    CERN Document Server

    Filipović, Damir

    2001-01-01

    The book is written for a reader with knowledge in mathematical finance (in particular interest rate theory) and elementary stochastic analysis, such as provided by Revuz and Yor (Continuous Martingales and Brownian Motion, Springer 1991). It gives a short introduction both to interest rate theory and to stochastic equations in infinite dimension. The main topic is the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) methodology for the modelling of interest rates. Experts in SDE in infinite dimension with interest in applications will find here the rigorous derivation of the popular "Musiela equation" (referred to in the book as HJMM equation). The convenient interpretation of the classical HJM set-up (with all the no-arbitrage considerations) within the semigroup framework of Da Prato and Zabczyk (Stochastic Equations in Infinite Dimensions) is provided. One of the principal objectives of the author is the characterization of finite-dimensional invariant manifolds, an issue that turns out to be vital for applications. Finally, ge...

  12. The diagnosis and management of Morton's neuroma: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Sameer; Mannan, Ken

    2013-08-01

    Morton's neuroma is a common condition mainly affecting middle aged women, and there are many proposed etiological theories involving chronic repetitive trauma, ischemia, entrapment, and intermetatarsal bursitis. Incorrect terminology suggests that the underlying pathological process is a nerve tumor, although histological examination reveals the presence of inflammatory tissue-that is, perineural fibrosis. The common digital nerve and its branches in the third planter webspace are most commonly affected. Diagnosis is usually made through history taking and clinical examination but may be aided by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. Current nonoperative treatment strategies include shoe-wear modifications, custom made orthoses, and injections of local anesthetic agents, sclerosing agents, and steroids. Operative management options primarily involve either nerve decompression or neurectomy. We have reviewed the published literature to evaluate the outcomes of the available diagnostic modalities and treatment options and present an algorithm for clinical practice. PMID:23811947

  13. The role of fasciae in Civinini-Morton's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stecco, Carla; Fantoni, Ilaria; Macchi, Veronica; Del Borrello, Mario; Porzionato, Andrea; Biz, Carlo; De Caro, Raffaele

    2015-11-01

    This study evaluates the pathogenetic role of the perineural connective tissue and foot fasciae in Civinini-Morton's neuroma. Eleven feet (seven male, four female; mean age: 70.9 years) were dissected to analyse the anatomy of inter-metatarsal space, particularly the dorsal and plantar fasciae and metatarsal transverse ligament (DMTL). The macrosections were prepared for microscopic analysis. Ten Civinini-Morton neuromas obtained from surgery were also analysed. Magnetic resonance images (MRIs) from 40 patients and 29 controls were compared. Dissections showed that the width of the inter-metatarsal space is established by two fibrous structures: the dorsal foot fascia and the DMTL, which, together, connect the metatarsal bones and resist their splaying. Interosseous muscles spread out into the dorsal fascia of the foot, defining its basal tension. The common digital plantar nerve (CDPN) is encased in concentric layers of fibrous and loose connective tissue, continuous with the vascular sheath and deep foot fascia. Outside this sheath, fibroelastic septa, from DMTL to plantar fascia, and little fat lobules are present, further protecting the nerve against compressive stress. The MRI study revealed high inter-individual variability in the forefoot structures, although only the thickness of the dorsal fascia represented a statistically significant difference between cases and controls. It was hypothesized that alterations in foot support and altered biomechanics act on the interosseous muscles, increasing the stiffness of the dorsal fascia, particularly at the points where these muscles are inserted. Chronic rigidity of this fascia increases the stiffness of the inter-metatarsal space, leading to entrapment of the CDPN. PMID:26467241

  14. PLACO CHARLES DE GAULLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.H.Rosbach

    1996-01-01

    Fervorpae supreniris la avenuon deChamps Elysees. La celo estis la Triumfarkokaj la Tombo de la Nekonata Soldato.Centon da metroj antaǚ Plato Charles deGaulle mi transiris la avenuon.Mi haltis e la rando de la ronda placo,ob-servante la teruran trafikon. Centoj da aǚtoj,miloj da aǚtoj aperis maldekstre de mi, preter-fulmis, kuris ien, elektante diversajn avenuojnpot eliri el la placo. Estis la sama viglo kiel en

  15. Shooting Charles Henri Ford

    OpenAIRE

    Linkof, Ryan

    2014-01-01

    In the mid-1930s, during one of his periodic visits to his employers at Vogue in New York City, the British photographer Cecil Beaton photographed the young American writer Charles Henri Ford sprawled out on a bed of tabloid newspapers. This Ford portrait expresses Beaton’s homoerotic investment in the rough edges of American low culture. By re-examining Beaton’s response to the violent culture of New York City, and its sensationalized representation in the tabloids, Beaton’s photograph of Fo...

  16. The Trail Inventory of Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge [Cycle 1

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this...

  17. Treatment of Morton Neuroma with Botulinum Toxin A: A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Climent, José M.; Mondéjar-Gómez, Francisco; Rodríguez-Ruiz, Carmen; Díaz-Llopis, Ismael; Gómez-Gallego, Diego; Martín-Medina, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objective Morton neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia of neuropathic origin. Systematic reviews suggest that insufficient studies have been performed on the efficacy of the different treatments available. OnabotulinumtoxinA has shown a degree of usefulness in other conditions associated with neuropathic pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of onabotulinumtoxinA in Morton neuroma. Patients and Methods We present an open-label, pilot stud...

  18. Characters named Charles or Charley in novels by Charles Dickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Herbert

    2007-10-01

    12 fictional characters named Charles or Charley are contained in eight of the 14 completed novels by Charles Dickens. Most of the author's namesakes have humorous attributes, an unusually close relationship with one or more other characters, and a happy subsequent life. Three stages of the author's adult life are youthful, mature, and after separation from his wife. The fictional namesakes are most humorous in the author's youthful stage and least humorous after separation from his wife. The 12 fictional namesakes of Charles Dickens are compared with the two fictional namesakes of Jane Austen. PMID:18175490

  19. Characters named Charles or Charley in novels by Charles Dickens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Herbert

    2007-10-01

    12 fictional characters named Charles or Charley are contained in eight of the 14 completed novels by Charles Dickens. Most of the author's namesakes have humorous attributes, an unusually close relationship with one or more other characters, and a happy subsequent life. Three stages of the author's adult life are youthful, mature, and after separation from his wife. The fictional namesakes are most humorous in the author's youthful stage and least humorous after separation from his wife. The 12 fictional namesakes of Charles Dickens are compared with the two fictional namesakes of Jane Austen.

  20. Visual hallucinations: charles bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jan, Tiffany; Del Castillo, Jorge

    2012-12-01

    The following is a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome in an 86-year-old woman who presented with visual hallucinations. The differential diagnosis of visual hallucinations is broad and emergency physicians should be knowledgeable of the possible etiologies.

  1. Charles Dickens 2012 - et essay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schatz-Jakobsen, Claus

    2012-01-01

    Essayet plæderer i 200-året for Charles Dickens' fødsel for hans forfatterskabs fortsatte aktualitet, og samtidig for en nyoversættelse til dansk.......Essayet plæderer i 200-året for Charles Dickens' fødsel for hans forfatterskabs fortsatte aktualitet, og samtidig for en nyoversættelse til dansk....

  2. Charles Darwin's mitochondria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, John

    2013-05-01

    Charles Darwin's long-term illness has been the subject of much speculation. His numerous symptoms have led to conclusions that his illness was essentially psychogenic in nature. These diagnoses have never been fully convincing, however, particularly in regard to the proposed underlying psychological background causes of the illness. Similarly, two proposed somatic causes of illness, Chagas disease and arsenic poisoning, lack credibility and appear inconsistent with the lifetime history of the illness. Other physical explanations are simply too incomplete to explain the range of symptoms. Here, a very different sort of explanation will be offered. We now know that mitochondrial mutations producing impaired mitochondrial function may result in a wide range of differing symptoms, including symptoms thought to be primarily psychological. Examination of Darwin's maternal family history supports the contention that his illness was mitochondrial in nature; his mother and one maternal uncle had strange illnesses and the youngest maternal sibling died of an infirmity with symptoms characteristic of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS syndrome), a condition rooted in mitochondrial dysfunction. Darwin's own symptoms are described here and are in accord with the hypothesis that he had the mtDNA mutation commonly associated with the MELAS syndrome.

  3. Charles Darwin's mitochondria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, John

    2013-05-01

    Charles Darwin's long-term illness has been the subject of much speculation. His numerous symptoms have led to conclusions that his illness was essentially psychogenic in nature. These diagnoses have never been fully convincing, however, particularly in regard to the proposed underlying psychological background causes of the illness. Similarly, two proposed somatic causes of illness, Chagas disease and arsenic poisoning, lack credibility and appear inconsistent with the lifetime history of the illness. Other physical explanations are simply too incomplete to explain the range of symptoms. Here, a very different sort of explanation will be offered. We now know that mitochondrial mutations producing impaired mitochondrial function may result in a wide range of differing symptoms, including symptoms thought to be primarily psychological. Examination of Darwin's maternal family history supports the contention that his illness was mitochondrial in nature; his mother and one maternal uncle had strange illnesses and the youngest maternal sibling died of an infirmity with symptoms characteristic of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS syndrome), a condition rooted in mitochondrial dysfunction. Darwin's own symptoms are described here and are in accord with the hypothesis that he had the mtDNA mutation commonly associated with the MELAS syndrome. PMID:23633139

  4. Charles Bonnet syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojanov Oliver

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS is a condition that causes visual hallucinations in patients without any mental illnesses. CBS is characterized by the presence of vivid, complex and recurrent visual hallucinations, and do not occur in the setting or as part of delirium or other psychological illnesses. The condition is present in patients who have visual loss due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD, cataracts and/or other ocular diseases that influence vision. Case report. A 81-year-od woman reported to ophthalmologist complaining of visual hallucinations that consisted of white pigeons. Hallucinations were present for two years and she was well aware that hallucinations were unreal. Mental illnesses were excluded by the psychiatrist. Complete ophthalmologic examination was performed, and finding revealed visual acuity of 0.3 (right eye and 0.5 (left eye, in both eyes cataracts and AMD (wet form. Optical coherence tomography confirmed the fundoscopic finding of AMD. The patient rejected treatment of cataracts and AMD due to old age, and hallucinations persisted. Conclusion. CBS should be considered in patients with visual hallucinations and ocular diseases that influence vision. It is essential to distinguish CBS from mental illnesses, since patients with CBS are fully aware that hallucinations are not real. Awareness of CBS could help physicians upon referring patients to ophthalmologists instead of psychiatrists, and therefore avoid patients being misdiagnosed.

  5. Postoperative MR imaging of the foot and ankle: tendon repair, ligament repair, and Morton's neuroma resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanetti, Marco; Saupe, Nadja; Espinosa, Norman

    2010-09-01

    This review article describes the postoperative magnetic resonance (MR) findings relating to surgery after tendon repair, ligament repair, and Morton's neuroma resection. The normal postoperative tendon is commonly thickened, showing signal changes that are most pronounced 3 to 6 months after surgery. Two years after tendon suture, the signal intensity should be low on T2-weighted images. The focus of the postoperative MR imaging after ankle repair is to detect the normal condition after the various surgical procedures (e.g., Broström, Watson-Jones, Evans, or Chrisman-Snook). The repaired ligament has to be visible, low signal intense on T2-weighted MR images, and the shape should be homogeneous. A high rate (26%) of so-called Morton's neuroma recurrences is seen in asymptomatic individuals after Morton's neuroma resection. Postoperatively, intermetatarsal bursitis MR abnormalities are more commonly encountered in symptomatic intermetatarsal spaces than in asymptomatic intermetatarsal spaces. PMID:20539960

  6. Clinical misdiagnosis of Morton's Neuroma: a case of early rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, C. J.; Otter, S.J.; Bowen, C.J.

    2003-01-01

    A fit and apparently healthy male patient presents with symptoms and clinical signs consistent with a Morton's neuroma. Following excisional surgery, histopathology confirms the lesion as a rheumatoid nodule; this proves to be the presenting feature of rheumatoid arthritis in this patient. This is a very unusual differential diagnosis, which should be considered during the assessment process and is, therefore, highly pertinent to clinicians.

  7. Neurectomy for Bilateral Morton's Neuroma A Case Report of a Male Patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, Terufumi; Yoshimura, Ichiro; Kanazawa, Kazuki; Hagio, Tomonobu; Minokawa, So; Nagatomo, Masaya; Naito, Masatoshi

    2016-05-01

    Morton's neuroma is a common condition that mainly affects middle-aged women, and many articles have addressed the surgical treatment of this condition. Previous reports have described bilateral neuroma excision in women but not in men. We report a rare case of bilateral neuromas in a male patient treated with simultaneous neurectomy. PMID:27269979

  8. Manual therapy in the management of a patient with a symptomatic Morton's Neuroma: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sault, Josiah D; Morris, Matthew V; Jayaseelan, Dhinu J; Emerson-Kavchak, Alicia J

    2016-02-01

    Patients with Morton's neuroma are rarely referred to physical therapy. This case reports the resolution of pain, increase in local pressure pain thresholds, and improvement of scores on the Lower Extremity Functional Scale and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure following a course of joint based manual therapy for a patient who had failed standard conservative medical treatment. PMID:25920337

  9. Anxiety and Charles Bonnet Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geueke, Anna; Morley, Michael G.; Morley, Katharine; Lorch, Alice; Jackson, MaryLou; Lambrou, Angeliki; Wenberg, June; Oteng-Amoako, Afua

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Some persons with Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) suffer significant anxiety because of their visual hallucinations, while others do not. The aim of the study presented here was to compare levels of anxiety in persons with low vision with and without CBS. Methods: This retrospective study compared the level of anxiety in 31 persons…

  10. Visual Hallucinations: Charles Bonnet Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiffany Jan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The following is a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome in an 86-year-old woman who presented with visual hallucinations. The differential diagnosis of visual hallucinations is broad and emergency physicians should be knowledgeable of the possible etiologies.

  11. The etymology and use of the word 'anaesthesia' Oliver Wendell Holmes' letter to W. T. G. Morton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haridas, R P

    2016-07-01

    Two published versions of a letter in which Oliver Wendell Holmes, MD, recommended the name anaesthesia were identified from publications supportive of the claims of W. T. G. Morton. The earliest known publication of Holmes' letter is in a pamphlet published by Edward Warren in May-June 1847. Another version of the letter was published 12 years later in Nathan P. Rice's biography of Morton. Holmes' letter to Morton was probably lost when a substantial part of a collection of Morton's papers was damaged during storage. There are no reported copies of Holmes's letter. The currently available information does not provide any assistance in determining the correct form of Holmes's letter. PMID:27456290

  12. Charles Darwin’s Mitochondria

    OpenAIRE

    Hayman, John

    2013-01-01

    Charles Darwin’s long-term illness has been the subject of much speculation. His numerous symptoms have led to conclusions that his illness was essentially psychogenic in nature. These diagnoses have never been fully convincing, however, particularly in regard to the proposed underlying psychological background causes of the illness. Similarly, two proposed somatic causes of illness, Chagas disease and arsenic poisoning, lack credibility and appear inconsistent with the lifetime history of th...

  13. Final environmental statement related to the United Nuclear Corporation, Morton Ranch, Wyoming Uranium Mill (Converse County, Wyoming)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-02-01

    Impacts from Morton Ranch Uranium Mill will result in: alterations of up to 270 acres occupied by the mill facilities; increase in the existing background radiation levels; socioeconomic effects on Glenrock and Douglas, Wyoming. Solid waste material (tailings solids) from the mill will be deposited onsite in exhausted surface mine pits. Any license issued for the Morton Ranch mill will be subject to conditions for the protection of the environment.

  14. Bootstrap Results From the State Space From Representation of the Heath-Jarrow-Morton Model

    OpenAIRE

    Ram Bhar; Carl Chiarella

    1996-01-01

    This paper builds upon the authors' previous work on transformation of the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) model of the term structure of interest rates to state space form for a fairly general class of volatility specification including stochastic variables. Estimation of this volatility function is at the heart of the identification of the HJM model. The paper develops a bootstrap procedure for the HJM model cast into the non-linear filtering framework to analyse the statistical significance of t...

  15. Ultrasound versus magnetic resonance imaging for Morton neuroma: systematic review and meta-analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. Studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of US and MRI for Morton's neuroma were retrieved from major medical libraries independently by two reviewers up to 1 April 2014. Predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were adopted. 277 studies were initially found, and the meta-analysis was conducted on 14 studies. US sensitivity was studied in five studies, MRI sensitivity in three studies, and both in six studies. All studies used surgery as the reference standard. A high sensitivity (SE) of diagnostic testing was observed for both US (SE (95 % CI) = 0.91 (0.83-0.96)) and MRI (SE (95 % CI) = 0.90 (0.82-0.96)) with no significant differences between the two modalities in diagnosis (Q test p = 0.88). For MRI, specificity of test was 1.00 with a pooled estimation of 1.00 (0.73-1.00), while the pooled specificity was 0.854 (95 % CI: 0.41-1.00) for US. No differences were observed between US and MRI in study design (p = 0.76). This meta-analysis shows that the SE of US (0.91) is equal to (p = 0.88) that of MRI (0.90) for identification of Morton's neuroma. (orig.)

  16. Ultrasound versus magnetic resonance imaging for Morton neuroma: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bignotti, Bianca; Martinoli, Carlo [University of Genoa, Radiology Department, Genoa, Genova (Italy); Signori, Alessio; Sormani, Maria Pia [University of Genoa, Institute of Statistics, Department of Health Sciences, Genoa (Italy); Molfetta, Luigi [University of Genoa, Department of Neurosciences, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics (DINOGMI), Genoa (Italy); Tagliafico, Alberto [University of Genoa, Institute of Anatomy, Department of Experimental Medicine, Genoa (Italy)

    2015-08-15

    To compare ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. Studies that assessed the diagnostic accuracy of US and MRI for Morton's neuroma were retrieved from major medical libraries independently by two reviewers up to 1 April 2014. Predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were adopted. 277 studies were initially found, and the meta-analysis was conducted on 14 studies. US sensitivity was studied in five studies, MRI sensitivity in three studies, and both in six studies. All studies used surgery as the reference standard. A high sensitivity (SE) of diagnostic testing was observed for both US (SE (95 % CI) = 0.91 (0.83-0.96)) and MRI (SE (95 % CI) = 0.90 (0.82-0.96)) with no significant differences between the two modalities in diagnosis (Q test p = 0.88). For MRI, specificity of test was 1.00 with a pooled estimation of 1.00 (0.73-1.00), while the pooled specificity was 0.854 (95 % CI: 0.41-1.00) for US. No differences were observed between US and MRI in study design (p = 0.76). This meta-analysis shows that the SE of US (0.91) is equal to (p = 0.88) that of MRI (0.90) for identification of Morton's neuroma. (orig.)

  17. 33 CFR 207.10 - Charles River, Mass.; dam of Charles River Basin Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Charles River, Mass.; dam of Charles River Basin Commission. 207.10 Section 207.10 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 207.10 Charles River, Mass.; dam...

  18. The Lake Charles CCS Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doug Cathro

    2010-06-30

    The Lake Charles CCS Project is a large-scale industrial carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) project which will demonstrate advanced technologies that capture and sequester carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions from industrial sources into underground formations. Specifically the Lake Charles CCS Project will accelerate commercialization of large-scale CO{sub 2} storage from industrial sources by leveraging synergy between a proposed petroleum coke to chemicals plant (the LCC Gasification Project) and the largest integrated anthropogenic CO{sub 2} capture, transport, and monitored sequestration program in the U.S. Gulf Coast Region. The Lake Charles CCS Project will promote the expansion of EOR in Texas and Louisiana and supply greater energy security by expanding domestic energy supplies. The capture, compression, pipeline, injection, and monitoring infrastructure will continue to sequester CO{sub 2} for many years after the completion of the term of the DOE agreement. The objectives of this project are expected to be fulfilled by working through two distinct phases. The overall objective of Phase 1 was to develop a fully definitive project basis for a competitive Renewal Application process to proceed into Phase 2 - Design, Construction and Operations. Phase 1 includes the studies attached hereto that will establish: the engineering design basis for the capture, compression and transportation of CO{sub 2} from the LCC Gasification Project, and the criteria and specifications for a monitoring, verification and accounting (MVA) plan at the Hastings oil field in Texas. The overall objective of Phase 2, provided a successful competitive down-selection, is to execute design, construction and operations of three capital projects: (1) the CO{sub 2} capture and compression equipment, (2) a Connector Pipeline from the LLC Gasification Project to the Green Pipeline owned by Denbury and an affiliate of Denbury, and (3) a comprehensive MVA system at the Hastings oil field.

  19. Charles Peyrou: 1918-2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Charles Peyrou, who was one of the outstanding personalities at CERN for thirty years, passed away on 6 April 2003. Born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie (France) on 18 May 1918, Charles Peyrou studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, where he attended the first class given by Louis Leprince-Ringuet in 1936. Here, he was part of the small group of enthusiastic physicists who took part in the first cosmic ray experiments. In 1938, the group built its first chamber, a large Wilson chamber in a magnetic field, operating with Geiger counters. After the war, following his appointment as chief engineer of one of the large national technical institutes known as the Corps de l'Etat, he was detached to his old laboratory to resume research on cosmic rays, and a system of two superimposed cloud chambers was set up at the Pic du Midi. This device proved very effective in the study of the strange particles that were starting to be detected at that time. Here, for example, the disintegration of the K meson into a muon and a neutrino wa...

  20. Ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the management of interdigital (Morton's) neuroma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chuter, Graham S.J. [Darlington Memorial Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, Darlington, County Durham (United Kingdom); Chua, Yeok Pin [University of Malaya, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Connell, David A. [Monash University, Department of Medicine, Melbourne (Australia); Blackney, Mark C. [The Park Clinic, East Melbourne, VIC (Australia)

    2013-01-15

    To identify the benefits of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of Morton's neuroma as an alternative to surgical excision. We studied a consecutive cohort of surgical candidates for Morton's neurectomy who we referred, instead, for radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Under local anaesthetic, RFA was performed under ultrasound guidance, by a single radiologist. This out-patient procedure was repeated after 4 weeks if necessary. We followed patients for a minimum of 6 months to assess their change in visual analogue pain scores (VAS), symptom improvement, complications and progression to surgical excision. Thirty feet in 25 patients were studied. There were 4 men and 21 women with an average age of 55 years (range 33-73 years). All had tried previous methods of conservative management. Forty percent presented with 2nd space neuromas and 60% with 3rd space ones. The average number of treatment sessions was 1.6 (range 1-3, mode 1). Prior to treatment, all patients had pain on activity (VAS average: 6.0, range 3-9). Post-treatment there was a statistically significant reduction in pain scores (post-RFA VAS average: 1.7, range 0-8, p < 0.001). The average overall symptom improvement was 76%. There was one minor complication of temporary nerve irritation. Three neuromas (10%) have progressed to surgical excision; 1 patient has ongoing, unchanged pain with no obvious cause. At 6 months, 26 out of 30 feet had a satisfactory outcome. Ultrasound-guided RFA has successfully alleviated patients' symptoms of Morton's neuroma in >85% of cases. Only 10% have proceeded to surgical excision in the short term. (orig.)

  1. Charles Kennedy 1923-1997: An Appreciation

    OpenAIRE

    A.P. THIRLWALL

    1998-01-01

    Charles Kennedy, Honorary Professor of Economic Theory at the University of Kent at Canterbury, died from a pulmonary haemorrhage at his home on 4th November 1997, aged 74. This paper is an appreciation of his life and work.

  2. Ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the management of interdigital (Morton's) neuroma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To identify the benefits of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of Morton's neuroma as an alternative to surgical excision. We studied a consecutive cohort of surgical candidates for Morton's neurectomy who we referred, instead, for radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Under local anaesthetic, RFA was performed under ultrasound guidance, by a single radiologist. This out-patient procedure was repeated after 4 weeks if necessary. We followed patients for a minimum of 6 months to assess their change in visual analogue pain scores (VAS), symptom improvement, complications and progression to surgical excision. Thirty feet in 25 patients were studied. There were 4 men and 21 women with an average age of 55 years (range 33-73 years). All had tried previous methods of conservative management. Forty percent presented with 2nd space neuromas and 60% with 3rd space ones. The average number of treatment sessions was 1.6 (range 1-3, mode 1). Prior to treatment, all patients had pain on activity (VAS average: 6.0, range 3-9). Post-treatment there was a statistically significant reduction in pain scores (post-RFA VAS average: 1.7, range 0-8, p 85% of cases. Only 10% have proceeded to surgical excision in the short term. (orig.)

  3. The Evolution of Charles Dickens' Humanitarian Outlook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆华

    2001-01-01

    Charles Dickens, as an important English novelist, criticised the English society of the Victorian Age,which reflects his humanitarian outlook. His humanitarian outlook includes his early optimism and mature satire as well as sentiment during the climax of his creation and his late years. Furthermore, Dickens' life experience as a man which helped to form his humanitarian outlook provided him with boundless writing resources, and then, he produced many excellent works.key words: Charles Dickens; the Victorian Age; Humanitarian Outlook; Evolution.

  4. Sensory nerve conduction in branches of common interdigital nerves: a new technique for normal controls and patients with morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uludag, Burhanettin; Tataroglu, Cengiz; Bademkiran, Fikret; Uludag, Irem Fatma; Ertekin, Cumhur

    2010-06-01

    In this article, a new electrodiagnostic approach is described for patients with Morton's neuroma. The new method is based on the anatomic fact that the two branches of the common plantar interdigital nerves innervate the lateral side of one toe and the medial side the next one. This study included 20 normal subjects (aged 28-58 years, 10 men and 10 women) and 4 patients with Morton's neuroma (aged 44-52 years, 4 women). The branches of adjacent common plantar interdigital nerves that innerve one toe were stimulated superficially and separately with half of one toe covered with a piece of medical tape. The recordings were obtained on the posterior tibial nerve at the medial malleolus with needle electrodes. Thus, the difference in latencies of obtained sensory nerve action potentials on the posterior tibial nerve with needle electrode was measured. From normal subjects' data, it was determined that a latency difference value of above 0.17 milliseconds (mean +/- 2.5 SD) in one toe was abnormal. All of the patients with Morton's neuroma showed abnormal interlatency difference values. This new method, which we have developed, is more sensitive, simple to use, does not require extra equipment, and does not cause excessive pain. We suggest that interlatency difference between branches of the common plantar interdigital nerves is a useful and sensitive method for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. PMID:20479659

  5. The accuracy of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma: a systematic review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To determine the accuracy of MRI versus ultrasound for Morton's neuroma. Materials and methods: A search was undertaken for clinical studies published in any language in PubMed up to the date of December 2013. Studies assessing the accuracy of the ultrasound or MRI for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma were included. Data were pooled for meta-analysis. Study selection, data collection, and extraction were performed independently by two authors. Meta-disc 1.4 and Revman 5.2 software were applied for statistical analysis. Results: The study included 12 studies; 217 patients underwent MRI and 241 underwent ultrasound examinations. There appeared greater diagnostic accuracy for ultrasound than MRI for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma (ultrasound sensitivity 90%, specificity 88%, positive likelihood ratio 2.77, negative likelihood ratio 0.16 versus MRI sensitivity 93%, specificity 68%, positive likelihood ratio 1.89, negative likelihood ratio 0.19). Conclusions: The available evidence suggests that ultrasound can provide better accuracy for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma than MRI

  6. Pricing Caps in the Heath, Jarrow and Morton Framework Using Monte Carlo Simulations in a Java Applet

    OpenAIRE

    Kalavrezos, Michail

    2007-01-01

    In this paper the Heath, Jarrow and Morton (HJM) framework is applied in the programming language Java for the estimation of the future spot rate. The subcase of an exponential model for the diffusion coefficient (volatility) is used for the pricing of interest rate derivatives (caps).

  7. Morton's Neuroma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... various parts of the body. The most common neuroma in the foot is a Morton’s neuroma, which occurs between the ... runners, according... Female Runners at Risk for Painful Neuromas The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) warns female runners that ...

  8. Sonographic appearances of Morton's neuroma: differences from other interdigital soft tissue masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hee-Jin; Kim, Sam Soo; Rho, Myong-Ho; Hong, Hyun-Pyo; Lee, So-Yeon

    2011-08-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the ultrasonographic characteristics of Morton's neuroma (MNs) and the usefulness of the "ginkgo leaf sign" for differentiating MNs from other interdigital soft tissue masses. The inclusion criteria were 27 patients with the masses in the intertarsal region with surgical proof. Fourteen masses in the 10 patients (mean age, 46) were MNs and nine cases of nine patients were ganglion cysts, seven cases (seven patients) of epidermoid tumors and one case of fibroma were included. Ultrasonographic examinations were performed by a musculoskeletal radiologist using the HDI 5000 (Philips, Bothell, WA, USA) or the Logiq E9 (GE Medical Systems, Milwaukee, WI, USA) equipped with a linear 6-15 MHz probe, and the findings were interpreted in consensus by two musculoskeletal radiologists. The ultrasonographic findings such as margin, size, echogenicity and deepness of the MNs were compared with those for other interdigital soft tissue masses. The ginkgo leaf sign was defined as the appearance of a biconcave shape of the mass from compression by adjacent structures. The mean size of the MNs was 5.6 mm. There was a significant difference in incidence between males and females (female dominant, p = 0.003). There was no difference in incidence with regard to age (p = 0.259). All lesions were hypoechoic (100%, 14/14) and 10 cases exhibited the ginkgo leaf sign (71%, 10/14, p Morton's neuromas and more studies are needed to confirm its value as a sonographic sign. PMID:21683509

  9. Charles Dickens, Social Worker in His Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Arlene Bowers

    2012-01-01

    As the world marks the 200th anniversary of Charles Dickens's birth, social workers may take note of the contributions Dickens made to 19th century social reform. Ever the advocate for people who were poor and oppressed, Dickens, in his timeless fictional narratives, continues to have relevance for contemporary social justice advocacy. This…

  10. [The Charles Bonnet syndrome and dementia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Baerdemaeker, E; Bouckaert, F; D'Haenen, H

    2009-01-01

    An 83-year-old visually impaired woman was admitted to the hospital because of complex visual hallucinations. Her symptoms were indicative of the Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS). On the basis of this case we explore the relationship between CBS and dementia and discuss the different opinions on this topic.

  11. Regenerative surgery of the complications with Morton's neuroma surgery: use of platelet rich plasma and hyaluronic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Angelis, Barbara; Lucarini, Lucilla; Orlandi, Fabrizio; Agovino, Annarita; Migner, Alessia; Cervelli, Valerio; Izzo, Valentina; Curcio, Cristiano

    2013-08-01

    Morton's neuroma is an entrapment neuropathy of the plantar digital nerve. We treated five patients with wound dehiscence and tendon exposure, after Morton's neuroma surgery excision using a dorsal approach. In this article we describe our technique. From July 2010 to August 2011, at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', five patients (four females and one male), with ages ranging between 35 and 52 years, were treated with a combination of PRP (platelet rich plasma) and HA (hyaluronic acid). Thirty days following surgery, all patients showed a complete healing of the wound. The use of this technique for the treatment of postoperative wound dehiscence and tendon exposure has proven as satisfactory. PMID:22694086

  12. [Anatomic danger of percutaneous section of the inter-metatarsal ligament for the treatment of Morton's neuroma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabié, F; Accadbled, F; Tricoire, J-L; Puget, J

    2007-11-01

    Certain authors have proposed percutaneous neurolysis of Morton's neuroma. We conducted a human anatomy study to assess the reliability and the iatrogenic effect of percutaneous section of the ligament. Percutaneous section of the inter-metatarsal ligament was performed on 16 fresh cadaver specimens via a dorsal approach. The plantar dissection demonstrated that the section was not complete, without associated lesion, in only six cases. Analyzing these failures, we determined the necessary procedure for correct section. PMID:18065883

  13. A Systematic Review of Ultrasound-Guided and Non Ultrasound-Guided Therapeutic Injections to treat Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Peter A; Monaghan, Gwendolyn A P; Richards, Simon

    2014-06-24

    Abstract BACKGROUND:Morton's neuroma is a frequently painful condition of the forefoot, causing sufferers to seek medical care to alleviate symptoms. A plethora of therapeutic options are available, some of which include injection therapies. Researchers have investigated injection therapy for Morton's neuroma, and latterly the evidence base has been augmented with methodologies which utilise diagnostic ultrasound (US) as a vehicle to deliver the injectate under image guidance for additional accuracy. There appears to date to be no consensus that US-guided injections provide better therapeutic outcomes than non US-guided (blind) injections for treatment of Morton's neuroma. METHODS:A systematic review was chosen, as this methodology can undertake such a process. The review process identified 13 key papers using pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, which then underwent methodological quality assessment using a pre-tested Quality Index. A narrative synthesis of the review findings was presented in light of the heterogeneity of the data from the extraction process. RESULTS:This systematic review provides an argument that ultrasound-guidance can produce better short- and long-term pain relief for corticosteroid injections, can reduce the need for additional procedures in a series of sclerosing alcohol injections, can reduce the surgical referral rate, and adds efficacy to a single injection. PMID:24960551

  14. Valuation of Index-Linked Cash Flows in a Heath–Jarrow–Morton Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Alm

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study the valuation of stochastic cash flows that exhibit dependence on interest rates. We focus on insurance liability cash flows linked to an index, such as a consumer price index or wage index, where changes in the index value can be partially understood in terms of changes in the term structure of interest rates. Insurance liability cash flows that are not explicitly linked to an index may still be valued in our framework by interpreting index returns as so-called claims inflation, i.e., an increase in claims cost per sold insurance contract. We focus primarily on the case when a deep and liquid market for index-linked contracts is absent or when the market price data are unreliable. Firstly, we present an approach for assigning a monetary value to a stochastic cash flow that does not require full knowledge of the joint dynamics of the cash flow and the term structure of interest rates. Secondly, we investigate in detail model selection, estimation and validation in a Heath–Jarrow–Morton framework. Finally, we analyze the effects of model uncertainty on the valuation of the cash flows and how forecasts of cash flows and interest rates translate into model parameters and affect the valuation.

  15. Diagnostic Accuracy of Clinical Tests for Morton's Neuroma Compared With Ultrasonography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahadevan, Devendra; Venkatesan, Muralidharan; Bhatt, Raj; Bhatia, Maneesh

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of 7 clinical tests for Morton's neuroma (MN) compared with ultrasonography (US). Forty patients (54 feet) were diagnosed with MN using predetermined clinical criteria. These patients were subsequently referred for US, which was performed by a single, experienced musculoskeletal radiologist. The clinical test results were compared against the US findings. MN was confirmed on US at the site of clinical diagnosis in 53 feet (98%). The operational characteristics of the clinical tests performed were as follows: thumb index finger squeeze (96% sensitivity, 96% accuracy), Mulder's click (61% sensitivity, 62% accuracy), foot squeeze (41% sensitivity, 41% accuracy), plantar percussion (37% sensitivity, 36% accuracy), dorsal percussion (33% sensitivity, 26% accuracy), and light touch and pin prick (26% sensitivity, 25% accuracy). No correlation was found between the size of MN on US and the positive clinical tests, except for Mulder's click. The size of MN was significantly larger in patients with a positive Mulder's click (10.9 versus 8.5 mm, p = .016). The clinical assessment was comparable to US in diagnosing MN. The thumb index finger squeeze test was the most sensitive screening test for the clinical diagnosis of MN. PMID:25432459

  16. The outcome after using two different approaches for excision of Morton's neuroma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Adnan A Faraj; Acuth Hosur

    2010-01-01

    Background The choice for the surgical approach of interdigital neuroma in the foot is controversial.Plantar approach can leave a painful scar on weight bearing area; hence, some prefer dorsal approach.The aim of the current study was to measure the outcome of interdigital (Morton's) neurectomy performed by a single surgeon using dorsal and plantar approaches.Methods A retrospective review of the patient records of one orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeon identified thirty-six patients (42 feet) who had been treated operatively for a primary, persistently painful interdigital neuroma.The mean follow-up was 18 months.Pain, weight bearing, wound problems and rehabilitation period were studied.Results The duration to full weight bearing, return to work, driving and recreational activities were at least one week shorter in the dorsal group.The overall satisfaction for surgery was rated as excellent or good in 85% of the thirty six patients.Scar problems were more troublesome and common in the plantar group.There was residual numbness noticed in twenty feet, the pattern of numbness was quite variable and it was bothersome in only seven feet.There was one recurrence in the plantar group.Conclusions Resection of a symptomatic interdigital neuroma through a dorsal or a plantar approach can result in a good outcome.Dorsal approach, however, is associated with better rehabilitation and less scar problems.

  17. Charles Tilly as a Theorist of Nationalism

    OpenAIRE

    Brubaker, Rogers

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers Charles Tilly as an important but underappreciated theorist of nationalism. Tilly’s theory of nationalism emerged from the “bellicist” strand of his earlier work on state-formation and later incorporated a concern with performance, stories, and cultural modeling. Yet despite the turn to culture in Tilly’s later work, his theory of nationalism remained state-centered, materialist, and instrumentalist—a source of both its power and its limitations.

  18. Charles Tilly as a Theorist of Nationalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, Rogers

    2010-12-01

    This paper considers Charles Tilly as an important but underappreciated theorist of nationalism. Tilly's theory of nationalism emerged from the "bellicist" strand of his earlier work on state-formation and later incorporated a concern with performance, stories, and cultural modeling. Yet despite the turn to culture in Tilly's later work, his theory of nationalism remained state-centered, materialist, and instrumentalist-a source of both its power and its limitations.

  19. Charles Bonnet, his life, and his syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedges, Thomas R

    2007-01-01

    Charles Bonnet (1720-1792) was an eminent naturalist and philosopher whose contributions to botany and philosophy were highly regarded and honored by his contemporaries in the scientific community of his era in France and England. In1760 he first described and analyzed formed visual hallucinations experienced by his grandfather. The syndrome was named after Bonnet in 1937 by George de Mosier, another native of Geneva, Switzerland.

  20. Charles Tilly as a Theorist of Nationalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, Rogers

    2010-12-01

    This paper considers Charles Tilly as an important but underappreciated theorist of nationalism. Tilly's theory of nationalism emerged from the "bellicist" strand of his earlier work on state-formation and later incorporated a concern with performance, stories, and cultural modeling. Yet despite the turn to culture in Tilly's later work, his theory of nationalism remained state-centered, materialist, and instrumentalist-a source of both its power and its limitations. PMID:21258439

  1. [Charles Bonnet syndrome: a case presentation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumurcu, Tongabay; Elbozan Cumurcu, Birgül; Cam Celikel, Feryal

    2005-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome comprises the triad of visual hallucinations, visual sensory deprivation, and preserved cognitive status. This paper discusses a case diagnosed as Charles Bonnet syndrome, involving visual hallucinations secondary to bilateral primary optic atrophy. An 80-year-old female with normal cognitive functions in the presence of primary optic atrophy and visual hallucinations was diagnosed with Charles Bonnet syndrome. The patient, having had poor vision since childhood, had lost it totally in the last year. Her vision had not improved following cataract operations in both eyes 6 months previously. Her vision was at the level of hand movements. In biomicroscopic examination, bilateral pseudoaphakia was found. Since fundus examination showed bilateral primary optic atrophy in the presence of visual hallucinations, a psychiatric consultation was requested. In her psychiatric examination, she had had hallucinations for the last two years, first elementary and then complex in character. Her cognitive functions were normal with no pathology in her neurologic examination. Routine investigations and neuroradiologic examinations were normal. She had no past history of any personal or familial psychiatric or systemic physical disorder. She was given olanzapine 5 mg daily and was followed up. This syndrome, defined as visual hallucinations in the presence of preserved cognitive functions and deprived vision, requires further research.

  2. Impacts of alum residues from Morton Jaffray Water Works on water quality and fish, Harare, Zimbabwe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muisa, Norah; Hoko, Zvikomborero; Chifamba, Portia

    Metal pollution of freshwater due to human activities is a major problem confronting most urban centres in developing countries. This study determined the extent to which aluminium in the residues from Morton Jaffray Water Works in Harare were affecting the water quality of Manyame River and Lake Manyame. The study also measured aluminium bioaccumulation in Nile Tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus) which is of importance to the commercial fisheries industry in Zimbabwe. Depth integrated water, and sediment grab samples and adult fish were collected per site in January and March, 2010. A total of six sites were selected on the Manyame River and in Lake Manyame. The levels of Total Aluminium (Al) were determined in sediments, water and fish tissues (liver, kidney, gill and muscle). Total solids, total dissolved solids, conductivity, pH, dissolved oxygen and temperature were also determined in water and residues. The texture of the sediments was also assessed. Aluminium concentration in water ranged from 2.19 mg/L to 68.93 mg/L during both sampling campaigns surpassing permissible maximum concentration limits of 0.087 to 0.75 mg/L suggested by the Environmental Protection Agency and African Union. The site upstream of the discharge point of the residues always had the lowest levels though it was higher than acceptable levels indicated above, thus suggesting the existence of other sources of aluminium in the catchment besides Morton Jaffray Water Works. However, there was a 10-fold and 100-fold increase in levels of aluminium in water and sediments, respectively, at the site 100 m downstream of the discharge point on the Manyame River. Mean aluminium concentrations in water and sediments at this site averaged 68.93 ± 61.74 mg/L and 38.18 ± 21.54 mg/L in water and 103.79 ± 55.96 mg/L and 131.84 ± 16.48 mg/L in sediments in sampling campaigns 1 and 2, respectively. These levels were significantly higher than levels obtained from all the other sites during both sampling

  3. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI: An essential health index for an ageing world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davidson Megan

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Existing instruments for measuring mobility are inadequate for accurately assessing older people across the broad spectrum of abilities. Like other indices that monitor critical aspects of health such as blood pressure tests, a mobility test for all older acute medical patients provides essential health data. We have developed and validated an instrument that captures essential information about the mobility status of older acute medical patients. Methods Items suitable for a new mobility instrument were generated from existing scales, patient interviews and focus groups with experts. 51 items were pilot tested on older acute medical inpatients. An interval-level unidimensional mobility measure was constructed using Rasch analysis. The final item set required minimal equipment and was quick and simple to administer. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI was validated on an independent sample of older acute medical inpatients and its clinimetric properties confirmed. Results The DEMMI is a 15 item unidimensional measure of mobility. Reliability (MDC90, validity and the minimally clinically important difference (MCID of the DEMMI were consistent across independent samples. The MDC90 and MCID were 9 and 10 points respectively (on the 100 point Rasch converted interval DEMMI scale. Conclusion The DEMMI provides clinicians and researchers with a valid interval-level method for accurately measuring and monitoring mobility levels of older acute medical patients. DEMMI validation studies are underway in other clinical settings and in the community. Given the ageing population and the importance of mobility for health and community participation, there has never been a greater need for this instrument.

  4. Charles Lyell and scientific thinking in geology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virgili, Carmina

    2007-07-01

    Charles Lyell (1797-1875) was born at Kinnordy, Scotland. His father, an amateur botanist, and his grandfather, a navigator, gave him very soon a taste for the observation of the Nature. He went to the Oxford University to study classical literature, but he also followed the geological course of William Buckland. After having been employed as jurist for some years, in 1827 he decided on a career of geologist and held the chair of geology of the King's College of London, from 1831 on. He was a contemporary of Cuvier, Darwin, von Humboldt, Hutton, Lavoisier, and was elected 'membre correspondant' of the 'Académie des sciences, France', in January 1862. Charles Lyell is one of the eminent geologists who initiated the scientific thinking in geology, in which his famous volumes of the Principles of Geology were taken as the authority. These reference volumes are based on multiple observations and field works collected during numerous fieldtrips in western Europe (principally Spain, France, and Italy) and North America. To his name are attached, among others: ( i) the concept of uniformitarism (or actualism), which was opposed to the famous catastrophism, in vogue at that time, and which may be summarized by the expression "The present is the key to the past"; ( ii) the division of the Tertiary in three series denominated Eocene, Miocene, and Pliocene, due to the study of the age of strata by fossil faunas; ( iii) the theory according to which the orogenesis of a mountain chain, as the Pyrenees, results from different pulsations on very long time scales and was not induced by a unique pulsation during a short and intense period. The uniformity of the laws of Nature is undeniably a principle Charles Lyell was the first to state clearly and to apply to the study of the whole Earth's crust, which opened a new era in geology.

  5. Charles Rycroft's contribution to contemporary psychoanalytic psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Jeremy

    2010-06-01

    Charles Rycroft played a significant part in gaining psychoanalysis understanding and intellectual acceptance within the wider intellectual community of post-war Britain. However he became gradually disaffected with the schisms and inward-looking character of UK psychoanalysis in its post-controversial discussions phase. He was ahead of his time in his interest in psychoanalysis as semantics, links between psychoanalysis and evolutionary and attachment theories, literary resonances with psychoanalytic thinking, and of the role of support as well as interpretation as a mutative agent. Renewed interest in his writings is long overdue. PMID:20505738

  6. [Charles Bonnet syndrome and visual hallucination].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Amardeep; Sørensen, Torben Lykke

    2011-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is characterized by vivid, complex and recurrent visual hallucinations occurring in psychologically normal people. Though not related to any specific eye condition, it commonly affects visually impaired elderly persons and is thus an important differential diagnosis to many conditions which cause visual hallucinations. Patients usually retain insight into the unreal nature of their hallucination. The hallucinatory experiences are generally not distressing, but patients may fear impending insanity. There is no specific treatment for this condition which in most cases is self-limiting.

  7. Charles Bonnet syndrome: an interesting case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munish Kumar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS characterized by formed and complex visual hallucinations that occur in visually-impaired individuals who are otherwise mentally normal. We report a case of 52-year-old hypertensive male presented to the emergency department with chief complaint of sudden onset bilateral painless complete visual loss with complex visual hallucinations. On physical examination patient was neurologically normal except bilateral complete visual loss. On MRI brain had bilateral acute infarct in occipital cortices. Follow up after two months his vision improved a little but hallucinations disappeared completely. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(10.000: 4648-4650

  8. Charles Bonnet syndrome: are medications necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartney, Kimberly E; Catalano, Glenn; Catalano, Maria C

    2011-03-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a clinical entity in which patients develop vivid visual hallucinations in the absence of psychiatric illness. In the great majority of cases, a decline in visual acuity precedes the development of CBS. The patient maintains intact reality testing and recognizes that the hallucinations are not real. There is no definitive cure for CBS, although various pharmacologic agents, behavioral strategies, and ophthalmologic interventions have been used in an attempt to reduce or relieve symptoms. We present the case of a 79-year-old man who presented with the onset of vivid visual hallucinations after developing cataracts. We also review previous case reports of CBS and discuss treatment options.

  9. Charles Bonnet syndrome after herpes simplex encephalitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Ömer Faruk; Ince, Hülya; Taşdemir, Haydar Ali; Özyürek, Hamit

    2012-04-01

    Visual impairment associated with Charles Bonnet syndrome is rarely reported in childhood. We describe a child who presented with visual hallucinations and postinfectious bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis. The patient had undergone acyclovir therapy for 3 weeks because of herpes encephalitis. Four days after therapy was completed, he experienced visual impairment in both eyes. He manifested a bilateral decrease in visual acuity, with normal funduscopic findings. The patient experienced visual hallucinations for about 1 week, and then experienced total loss of vision. During his hallucinations, the patient did not exhibit behavioral changes or cognitive impairment. The visual hallucinations included unfamiliar children hiding under his bed, and he spoke to someone whom he did not know. Magnetic resonance imaging indicated bilateral optic nerve hyperintensity on T(2)-weighted and contrast-enhanced images. The patient received corticosteroid therapy for his retrobulbar optic neuritis, and his vision returned to normal after 1 month. Although rare, visual impairment can be associated with complex visual hallucinations indicative of Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  10. Obituary: Charles Latif Hyder, 1930-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Oran Richard

    2004-12-01

    My friend and colleague, Charles Hyder, was a true physicist with a sound intuitive grasp of fundamentals in modern physics and the underlying mathematics. I admired his knowledge of the history of modern physics and quantum mechanics when we discussed contemporary problems in interpreting solar observations. He had the ability to present his ideas clearly and persuasively to both students and his colleagues. His insatiable curiosity about life in general led him to consider the effects of nuclear weapons development on the human race. Appreciation of the biological effects of radioactive materials produced in the course of weapons and power reactor development led him to a more public career beyond traditional research. Charles Hyder was born April 18, 1930 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He graduated from Albuquerque High School and served in the Air Force during the Korean War. He received a BS and MS in physics from the University of New Mexico (1958, 1960) and a PhD in astrogeophysics at the University of Colorado (1964). His positions included the Department of Astronomy and Institute of Geophysics at UCLA (1964-65), Sacramento Peak Solar Observatory (1965-1970) and the Goddard Space Flight Center (1970-1977). He also taught at the University of New Mexico (1970-1977) and was active on the Solar Maximum Mission science team (1970-1977, 1980-1984). He was married twice with both marriages ending in divorce. He and his first wife Ann had three children (Paul, Roxanne and Querida) and he and his second wife Laurie had a son Niels. Charles Hyder's professional career in solar physics began in 1961 during his graduate studies at the Department of AstroGeophysics of the University of Colorado and continued until 1983 when he chose to follow his convictions to expose the threat of nuclear proliferation. His early research was in the study of the quantum mechanics of polarized light produced in the presence of magnetic fields. Application of this work to interpretation

  11. Analysis of Female Characters of Charles Dickens' Novel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜

    2011-01-01

    By tagging different characters,Charles Dickens invented many distinct characters in his novels.Female charaters are a central of Charls Dickens literary works.They represent the unimportant and the weak in the British society in the 19th century.This ess

  12. Eneseotsingutee / Jean-Charles Hue ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hue, Jean-Charles, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis on 12. juunini 2011 vaadata prantsuse videokunstniku Jean-Charles Hue' näitus "Tattoo Fight" ("Tätorebimine"), kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstnikust, kelle emapoolsed sugulased on Prantsusmaa mustlased ehk yéniche'id. Jean-Charles Hue yéniche'itest, nende olukorrast Prantsusmaal, oma loomingust, pikemalt mustlaste teema käsitlemisest

  13. Sir Charles Ballance: pioneer British neurological surgeon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, J L

    1999-03-01

    Sir Charles A. Ballance (1856-1936) began his medical career at St. Thomas's Hospital the University College, London, England, in 1875, receiving honors in every subject and a gold medal in surgery. Victor Horsley (1857-1916) and Ballance were classmates at the University and in the later 1880s began work together at the Brown Institute and the National Hospital, Queen Square. In addition to important studies on vascular surgery, Ballance was involved in primate work on cerebral localization with lifelong friends Charles Beevor, Charles Sherrington, David Ferrier, and others. In June of 1887, Ballance assisted Horsley at Queen Square in the successful removal of an extramedullary spinal cord tumor. Horsley was about to abandon the operation, but his friend urged the removal of one lamina higher and the tumor was discovered. Ballance, a demonstrator in anatomy, realized the spinal cord segments lay higher in relation to the vertebral bodies than was generally appreciated. Ballance popularized the operation of radical mastoidectomy for advanced middle ear infection (1890), standardized an approach to drain or excise temporal brain abscesses, and was the first to clearly understand the neurological signs of cerebellar abscess (1894). Ballance also devised cranial base approaches to attack infectious thrombophlebitis of the lateral, petrosal, and cavernous sinuses. He was the first to completely remove an acoustic tumor (1894); 18 years later, the patient remained well. Ballance also drained a posterior fossa subdural hematoma (1906) and successfully sectioned the auditory nerve for Meniere's syndrome (1908). Ballance's operative experience with both supra- and infratentorial brain lesions included approximately 400 cases, which are detailed in his 1907 book, Some Points in the Surgery of the Brain and Its Membranes. His two-volume set, Essays on the Surgery of the Temporal Bone (1919), remains a brilliantly written and illustrated classic. Ballance was an expert on

  14. Charles C. Fries and Discourse Analysis%Charles C. Fries与语篇分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文革

    2012-01-01

    Charles C.Fries的贡献不仅在语言教育上,他的语言学理论在当时也独树一帜.讨论并分析了Fries的相关语篇分析思想.研究发现,Fries的语境观与Malinowski和同时期J.R.Firth的语境观大同小异.Fries的序列信号显示了他对话语衔接和连贯的看法,他的这些语篇分析思想对后来的超句子研究有着一定积极影响.有必要重新审视和评价Charles C.Fries对结构语言学的贡献.

  15. Charles-Victor Langlois et Charles Seignobos, Introduction aux études historiques

    OpenAIRE

    Castellesi, Romain

    2014-01-01

    Positivistes, scientistes, fétichistes du document, généralistes : autant de qualificatifs utilisés par l’école des Annales, incarnées par un Lucien Febvre revanchard, et largement repris tout au long du XXe siècle pour critiquer les auteurs de L’Introduction aux études historiques, parue en 1898. L’intérêt nouveau suscité par l’ouvrage de Charles Seignobos et Charles-Victor Langlois signe t-il leur retour en grâce ? Dans sa préface inédite à cette nouvelle édition de l’ouvrage dans la toute ...

  16. Reproducibility and validity of the Dutch translation of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) used by physiotherapists in older patients with knee or Hip osteoarthritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jans, M.P.; Slootweg, V.C.; Boot, C.R.; Morton, N.A. de; Sluis, G. van der; Meeteren, N.L. van

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine the reproducibility, construct validity, and unidimensionality of the Dutch translation of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI), a performance-based measure of mobility for older patients. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Rehabilitation center (reproducibility study) and

  17. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) and epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larner, A J

    2012-08-01

    To coincide with the bicentenary of the birth of Charles Dickens (1812-1870), accounts of epilepsy found in his novels and journalism have been collated and analyzed. From these, it may be inferred that Dickens was clearly aware of the difference between epilepsy and syncope and recognized different types of epilepsy and that seizures could be fatal. Speculations that Dickens himself suffered from epilepsy are not corroborated. Dickens's novelistic construction of epilepsy as a marker of criminality, as in the characters of Monks in Oliver Twist and Bradley Headstone in Our Mutual Friend, and perhaps of mental abnormality, was in keeping with conventional contemporary views of epilepsy, but his journalistic descriptions of individuals with epilepsy confined in the workhouse system indicate an awareness of the inadequacy of their care. PMID:22704997

  18. Charles Dickens: impact on medicine and society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryger, Meir

    2012-06-15

    In 1836 Charles Dickens published the first installment of The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. In this novel he introduces the reader to a character, Joe, the Fat Boy who is obese, sleepy, difficult to arouse, snores, and has peripheral edema. This description so intrigued the medical field that many hypotheses about the symptoms were examined, but it was not until 120 years after the novel was published that physicians started to interrelate these features and a new field of medicine emerged. Although he is best known for this description, Dickens impacted medicine and medical care in many ways. Besides his brilliant clinical descriptions (many of which were unrecognized in his day) and his activities as a social reformer, he was instrumental in facilitating the development of homeless shelters for women, the first pediatric hospital in the United Kingdom, and the development of orthopedics. PMID:22701393

  19. Seeing the unseen: Charles Bonnet syndrome revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Aditya Gopinathan; Nair, Akshay Gopinathan; Shah, Bharat R; Gandhi, Rashmin Anilkumar

    2015-09-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a rare condition that encompasses three clinical features: complex visual hallucinations, ocular pathology causing visual deterioration, and preserved cognitive status. Common associated ocular pathologies include age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts. Several theories have been proposed to try to explain the visual hallucinations. However, the pathophysiology remains poorly understood, and treatment is largely based on anecdotal data. The lack of awareness of CBS among medical professionals often leads to inappropriate diagnosis and medication. In a country like India, where awareness of mental health is not widespread, cultural myths and stigma prevent patients from seeking professional help. Here we describe two cases of CBS and revisit different ocular morbidities that have been reported to occur in conjunction with CBS. Psychiatrists and ophthalmologists alike must be sensitive to this clinical condition to ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment.

  20. Recognizing Charles Bonnet syndrome in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Christina M; Hilas, Olga

    2009-04-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is an under-recognized and commonly misdiagnosed condition characterized by the presence of visual hallucinations that psychologically normal people acknowledge as being unreal. It is commonly associated with ocular pathology and usually observed in elderly individuals with visual impairment. The exact etiology of CBS is unknown; however, the presentation of hallucinations is believed to be a result of functional deterioration of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Eradication of hallucinations and recurrent episodes has been seen with the use of neuroleptic and anticonvulsant agents. Correction of underlying ocular disorders and low-vision rehabilitation may also help in the resolution of visions. Careful patient assessment is necessary to appropriately diagnose CBS and determine the best approach to management.

  1. PORTER S FIVE FORCES MODEL SCOTT MORTON S FIVE FORCES MODEL BAKOS TREACY MODEL ANALYZES STRATEGIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indra Gamayanto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Wollongong City Council (WCC is one of the most progressive and innovative local government organizations in Australia. Wollongong City Council use Information Technology to gain the competitive advantage and to face a global economy in the future. Porter's Five Force model is one of the models that can be using at Wollongong City Council because porter's five Forces model has strength in relationship between buyer and suppliers (Bargaining power of suppliers and bargaining power of buyers. Other model such as Scott Morton's Five Forces model has strength to analyze the social impact factor, so to gain competitive advantage in the future and have a good IT/IS strategic planning; this model can be use also. Bakos & Treacy model almost the same as Porter's model but Bakos & Treacy model can also be applying into Wollongong City Council to improve the capability in Transforming organization, efficiency, and effectiveness.

  2. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of injected capsaicin for pain in Morton's neuroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Claudia M; Diamond, Eric; Schmidt, William K; Kelly, Margaret; Allen, Robert; Houghton, William; Brady, Kerrie L; Campbell, James N

    2016-06-01

    Intermetatarsal neuroma or Morton's neuroma is a painful condition of the foot resulting from an entrapment of the common digital nerve typically in the third intermetatarsal space. The pain can be severe and especially problematic with walking. Treatment options are limited and surgery may lead to permanent numbness in the toes. Capsaicin, the pungent ingredient of hot peppers, produces analgesia by inducing retraction of nociceptive afferents from the area of innervation and is effective in treating certain neuropathic pain disorders. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was conducted to test the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of a single 0.1 mg dose of capsaicin vs placebo injected into the region of the neuroma. A total of 58 subjects diagnosed with Morton's neuroma with foot pain ≥4 (0-10 numerical pain rating scale) were injected with 2 mL of lidocaine into the intermetatarsal space proximal to the neuroma to provide local anesthesia. After 5 minutes, 0.1 mg capsaicin or placebo was injected into the intermetatarsal space containing the painful neuroma. Average foot pain was rated for 2 weeks before through 4 weeks after injection. At weeks 1 and 4, the decrease in pain was significantly greater in the subjects treated with capsaicin (P = 0.021 and P = 0.019, respectively). A trend toward significance was noted at weeks 2 and 3. Improvements in functional interference scores and reductions in oral analgesic use were also seen in the capsaicin-treated group. These findings suggest that injection of capsaicin is an efficacious treatment option for patients with painful intermetatarsal neuroma. PMID:26963851

  3. Delirium superimposed on Charles Bonnet syndrome: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeager, Jennifer J

    2013-01-01

    Older adults with visual impairment may experience visual hallucinations in the setting of normal cognition and absence of psychiatric illness. This phenomenon is referred to as Charles Bonnet syndrome. Information concerning Charles Bonnet syndrome predominantly comes from case studies. Reassuring the person experiencing the hallucinations they are not suffering from psychosis constitutes the mainstay of treatment. What follows is the case of a vision impaired, older adult male with known Charles Bonnet syndrome, who, following emergency surgery and associated delirium while in the intensive care unit, experiences an aggressive change in hallucinations. Nurses need to understand the pathology and characteristics of Charles Bonnet syndrome in order to distinguish it from other pathologies underlying hallucinations. This knowledge is necessary to provide safe, patient-centered care for older adults.

  4. Evolutionary plant physiology: Charles Darwin's forgotten synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Niklas, Karl J.

    2009-11-01

    Charles Darwin dedicated more than 20 years of his life to a variety of investigations on higher plants (angiosperms). It has been implicitly assumed that these studies in the fields of descriptive botany and experimental plant physiology were carried out to corroborate his principle of descent with modification. However, Darwin’s son Francis, who was a professional plant biologist, pointed out that the interests of his father were both of a physiological and an evolutionary nature. In this article, we describe Darwin’s work on the physiology of higher plants from a modern perspective, with reference to the following topics: circumnutations, tropisms and the endogenous oscillator model; the evolutionary patterns of auxin action; the root-brain hypothesis; phloem structure and photosynthesis research; endosymbioses and growth-promoting bacteria; photomorphogenesis and phenotypic plasticity; basal metabolic rate, the Pfeffer-Kleiber relationship and metabolic optimality theory with respect to adaptive evolution; and developmental constraints versus functional equivalence in relationship to directional natural selection. Based on a review of these various fields of inquiry, we deduce the existence of a Darwinian (evolutionary) approach to plant physiology and define this emerging scientific discipline as the experimental study and theoretical analysis of the functions of green, sessile organisms from a phylogenetic perspective.

  5. Charles Bachman Moore (1920-2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winn, William; Krehbiel, Paul

    2011-02-01

    Charles B. Moore passed away 2 March 2010 at the age of 89, following a long and varied scientific career in meteorology and the atmospheric sciences. He will be remembered best for his substantial contributions in the field of atmospheric electricity and for the students and faculty he guided as chairman of Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research and professor of physics at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. He possessed a unique sense of humor and an excellent memory that served as a reservoir of scientific and historical knowledge. Like many of his generation, Charlie's career was profoundly influenced by the Second World War. Following Pearl Harbor, he interrupted his undergraduate studies in chemical engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology to enlist in the Army Air Corps, where he became the chief weather equipment officer in the 10th Weather Squadron, setting up and operating remote meteorological stations behind enemy lines in the China-Burma-India theater. He served with distinction alongside Athelstan Spilhaus Sr., who had been one of Charlie's instructors in the Army meteorology program.

  6. Charles bonnet syndrome: treating nonpsychiatric hallucinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Ngoc-Diem; Osterweil, Dan; Hoffman, Janice

    2013-03-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is characterized by recurrent or persistent complex visual hallucinations that occur in visually impaired individuals with intact cognition and no evidence of psychiatric illness. Patients usually retain insight into the unreal nature of their hallucinations.3,4 CBS is often misdiagnosed, and predominantly affects elderly patients with vision changes (e.g., age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataract). While many require only the assurance of the benign nature of the hallucinations, nonpharmacological and pharmacological interventions have been reported to be useful in the treatment of CBS. This case involves an 83-year-old female, with a two-year history of CBS, who presented to the clinic with worsening visual hallucinations over the past few months. She was starting to lose insight into her hallucinations secondary to her new diagnosis of dementia. Several pharmacological agents were explored to determine the most appropriate choice for our patient. Ultimately, this patient was started on donepezil (reported to be successful in a CBS case report), which helped improve her cognitive function. At future follow-up visits, her hallucinations improved and her cognitive function stabilized. Pharmacists should be aware of CBS and its treatment options to properly assist physicians in the medication-selection process to alleviate distress experienced by patients with CBS. In patients who may benefit from pharmacological treatment, physicians should weigh the risks and benefits of the different treatment options. Donepezil can be a favorable option in CBS patients with Alzheimer's type dementia.

  7. Acute Charles Bonnet Syndrome following Hughes procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Michelle E; Pointdujour-Lim, Renelle; Lally, Sara; Shields, Carol L; Rabinowitz, Michael P

    2016-10-01

    A 69-year-old male experienced monocular formed visual hallucinations after occlusion of the right eye following resection of eyelid basal cell carcinoma and reconstruction with a Hughes procedure (tarsoconjunctival flap). His symptoms included recurrent, well-defined, organized, complex, formed images of small children playing in the snow. These visual phenomena occurred only in the occluded eye, began several hours after surgery, and recurred intermittently several times daily for 4 days, lasting several minutes with each occurrence. The patient retained insight into the false nature of the images throughout the duration of his symptoms, and the hallucinations resolved spontaneously while the flap was still in place. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) following a Hughes procedure in a patient with normal visual acuity in the non-occluded fellow eye. Unlike other reported cases of acute onset CBS following transient monocular occlusion, hallucinations in the occluded eye remitted prior to restoration of vision in the occluded eye. Ophthalmologists should be aware of the potential for CBS following even transient monocular occlusion and should consider warning patients about its potential to occur.

  8. Charles Darwin: um observador do desenvolvimento humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores traduzem, pela primeira vez para o português, o artigo de Charles Darwin "A Biographical Sketch of an Infant", publicado no periódico Mind em julho de 1877. Utilizando anotações de observações do desenvolvimento de seus filhos, especialmente de seu filho mais velho William Erasmus (Doddy, Darwin descreve e estuda, a partir de seu enfoque naturalista, o filhote humano, narrando os primeiros indicativos comportamentais de emoções tais como raiva e medo, curiosidade e senso moral, o brincar e o prazer envolvido nesta atividade, a capacidade de imitação e os primeiros indícios daquilo que hoje conhecemos como "teoria da mente". Colocando-se questões sobre as capacidades do bebê, como eles aprendem e como se comunicam e levantando hipóteses sobre possíveis significados de certos comportamentos, questões ainda hoje fundamentais para o estudo do desenvolvimento humano, Darwin mostra-se também um pioneiro no estudo do bebê e da criança pequena, numa época na qual as capacidades dos bebês eram extremamente subestimadas e desconsideradas.

  9. Le Flaubert de Charles Du Bos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Neefs

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Du Bos a porté une attention constante à l’œuvre de Flaubert (à l’exclusion de Bouvard et Pécuchet qui semble ne pas exister pour lui, à Madame Bovary et à L’Éducation sentimentale en particulier. La mise en relation de son étude : « Sur le milieu intérieur chez Flaubert », écrite en 1921, avec des textes du Journal de 1923 et de 1937, les rapprochements avec Gogol, Thomas Hardy, Tolstoï, Baudelaire, Henry James qui traversent les écrits de Du Bos, permettent de suivre ce que celui-ci décrit comme « l’expérience spirituelle » d’une matérialité comprise dans la conquête de la triple exigence du Beau, du Vivant et du Vrai. Du Bos décèle la force de l’œuvre de Flaubert dans la « disproportion » du style, et dans la puissance d’absorption qui fait la densité de cette prose, et qui désigne un extraordinaire travail de conversion. L’obscure expérience spirituelle ainsi poursuivie est celle d’un absolu de l’art, expérience paradoxale d’un « mystique qui ne croit à rien » (comme se désignait Flaubert lui-même, que le critique lie à une interrogation sur sa propre conversion.Charles Du Bos devoted an unflagging attention to Flaubert’s work (except for Bouvard et Pécuchet, which, apparently, according to him did not exist, to Madame Bovary and in particular L’Éducation sentimentale. The connection between his essay “Sur le milieu intérieur chez Flaubert”, written in 1921, and extracts from his Journal, from 1923 to 1937, the comparisons with Gogol, Thomas Hardy, Tolstoy, Baudelaire, and Henry James that run through the writings of Du Bos, allow us to follow what he terms “the spiritual experience” of a materiality encompassed in the conquest of the triple demand of the Beautiful, the Living, the Truth. Du Bos detects the power of Flaubert’s work in the “disproportion” of his style, and the power of absorption that forms the density of his prose, showing an

  10. [Charles Bonnet syndrome. A 45-case series].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos-Bueso, Enrique; Serrador-García, Mercedes; Porta-Etessam, Jesús; Rodríguez-Gómez, Octavio; Martínez-de-la-Casa, José M; García-Feijoo, Julián; García-Sánchez, Julián

    2015-04-16

    Introduccion. El sindrome de Charles Bonnet (SCB) es un cuadro clinico que se caracteriza por la presencia de alucinaciones visuales, principalmente complejas, en pacientes con estado cognitivo conservado e importante deterioro de la vision. El incremento del SCB se debe al aumento de la esperanza de vida y al desarrollo de patologias asociadas al envejecimiento, como la degeneracion macular asociada a la edad. Pacientes y metodos. Se estudian las caracteristicas de una serie de 45 pacientes diagnosticados de SCB en la unidad de neurooftalmologia del Hospital Clinico San Carlos. Los pacientes procedian de las unidades de patologia macular, glaucoma, superficie ocular y urgencias, en las que fueron diagnosticados de SCB, que se confirmo en la unidad multidisciplinar formada por oftalmologia, neurologia y psiquiatria del mismo hospital. Resultados. El 66,66% eran mujeres, de mas de 80 anos (68,88%), principalmente con degeneracion macular asociada a la edad (37,77%). Las alucinaciones que los pacientes presentaban con mas frecuencia eran personas y caras (35,55%), en color (66,66%), en movimiento (80%), con un tiempo de evolucion de 6-12 meses (26,66%), frecuencia de tres episodios al dia (35,55%) y de 3-5 minutos de duracion (35,55%). Conclusiones. El SCB es un complejo sindrome cuya incidencia se esta incrementando en nuestras consultas y que precisa un abordaje multidisciplinar entre oftalmologos, neurologos y psiquiatras para evitar diagnosticos erroneos y proporcionar un tratamiento adecuado. Son necesarios nuevos estudios para un conocimiento mas profundo y adecuado del SCB.

  11. Progress in the Charles Bonnet syndrome%Charles Bonnet综合征研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯言彬; 张亚林

    2012-01-01

    Charles Bonnet综合征(CBS)的主要特征为发生于非精神异常患者的复杂性幻视,患病率约为0.4%~40%.其病因学尚不明确,临床特征亦复杂多样,目前尚无有效药物治疗.及时诊断、合理解释将有助于缓解患者情绪.治疗方案仍有待进一步研究.本文将近年来有关CBS的研究进行综述.

  12. Identità e riconoscimento in Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Caputo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The model of the politic of difference, proposed by Charles Taylor, in the wake of a conception of liberalism ‘hospitable’, unfolds in a journey aimed to comply with the ontological dimensions of the dignity of different cultures, of cultural traditions and ways of life. Being a self, constructed in terms of dialogue and dialectic of mutual recognition between cultures, refers, in the Charles Taylor’s reflection, to the safeguarding of single, intersubjective or common meanings of specific social, moral, narrative spaces.

  13. [Visual hallucinations and giant cell arteritis: the Charles Bonnet syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloch, J; Morell-Dubois, S; Koch, E; Launay, D; Maillard-Lefebvre, H; Buchdahl, A-L; Hachulla, E; Rouland, J-F; Hatron, P-Y; Lambert, M

    2011-12-01

    In patients with visual hallucinations, diagnostic strategy is unclearly codified. In patients known to have giant cell arteritis, the main diagnostic assumption is disease relapse. Indeed, this should lead to rapid corticosteroid therapy. However, the Charles Bonnet syndrome, that is a poorly known etiology of visual hallucinations usually observed in elderly people, should be part of the differential diagnosis. We report a 87-year-old woman, with a 2-year history of giant cell arteritis who was admitted with an acute onset of visual hallucinations and who met all the criteria for Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  14. A Life in Language Testing: An Interview with Charles Stansfield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Daniel J.; Bowles, Melissa

    2008-01-01

    Dr. Charles W. Stansfield is widely recognized as one of the most important figures in contemporary language testing. He is respected and relied upon by leading language professionals in education, government agencies, academia, and the private sector. During his 40 years of working with languages, he has been a secondary school teacher of…

  15. Autenticitet og kritisk sprogfællesskab hos Charles Taylor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crone, Manni

    2002-01-01

    Lever vi i individualistiske samfund, hvor autenticitet og selvrealisering er blevet de højeste værdier? Den canadiske kommunitarist Charles Taylor argumenterer for, at selv om autenticitet og selvrealisering er vigtige værdier for det moderne menneske, kan en excessiv individualisme alligevel...

  16. Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Distinguished Teaching of Psychology Award recognizes an outstanding career contribution to the teaching of psychology. The 2008 recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award is Scott Plous. A citation, biography, and selected bibliography for Scott Plous are provided in this article. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:18665671

  17. Scientific Cousins: The Relationship between Charles Darwin and Francis Galton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancher, Raymond E.

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the personal as well as the intellectual and scientific relationship between Charles Darwin and his younger half-cousin Francis Galton. Although they had been on friendly terms as young men, and Darwin had in some ways been a role model for Galton, the two did not share major scientific interests until after the publication of…

  18. Astronaut Charles Conrad during visual acuity experiments over Laredo

    Science.gov (United States)

    1965-01-01

    Astronaut Charles Conrad Jr., pilot for the prime crew on the Gemini 5 space flight, takes pictures of predetermined land areas during visual acuity experiments over Laredo, Texas. The experiments will aid in learning to identify known terrestrial features under controlled conditions.

  19. An Analysis and Implementation of Charles Dickens' Sole Curricular Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanna, Robert C.

    This paper examines the curriculum Charles Dickens wrote for his children, an "easy account" of selections from the New Testament. Dickens designed the curriculum to make this material accessible and meaningful to his children prior to schooling under the direction of other teachers, tutors, or governesses, and earlier than the language of the…

  20. The Performance Career of Charles Dickens: An Annotated Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentile, John Samuel

    Offered in response to the broad appeal of Charles Dickens's performance career to various disciplines, this annotated bibliography lists 40 resources concerned with Dickens's success as a performer interpreting his literary works. The resources are categorized under books, theses and dissertations, articles in scholarly journals, nineteenth…

  1. 78 FR 37455 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... regulation was published in the Federal Register (78 FR 35756) under the same name and docket number. This... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA...

  2. 78 FR 35756 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Charles River, Boston, MA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of temporary deviation from regulations. SUMMARY: The Commander,...

  3. Mr. Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Photo 01 : Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland visiting the TI8 tunnel. From l to r: Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General, Mr Guy Hentsch, Chef de Cabinet, Mr Jean-Luc Baldy, Head of the LHC civil engineering group, Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland and Mr Jean-Pierre Ruder, Swiss Delegate to CERN Council. Photo 02 : Visit to the TI8 tunnel by Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretary for Science and Research, Switzerland (third from left) with l. to r. Mr Jean-Luc Baldy, Head of the LHC civil engineering group; Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General; Dr Jean-Pierre Ruder, Swiss Delegate to CERN Council; Dr Guy Hentsch, Chef de Cabinet; Mr Michel Buchs and Mr Frédéric Chavan, representatives of the firm Prader Losinger, Groupement ATIC responsible for the civil engineering work. Photo 03: From l to r: Mr Jean-Pierre Ruder, Swiss Delegate to CERN, Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General, Mr Charles Kleiber, State Secretar...

  4. Näljane vaim : sihi otsimine kaasaegses maailmas / Charles Handy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Handy, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Kapitalistlik ühiskond ja raha on vahendid, mitte eesmärgid; eesmärgid peaks iga inimene püstitama endale ise, lähtuvalt oma sisetunnetusest. Lühendatud tõlge Charles Handy raamatust - "The Hungry Spirit Beyond Capitalism - a Quest of Purpose in the Modern World"

  5. Complete works of Charles-François Sturm

    CERN Document Server

    Pont, Jean-Claude

    2009-01-01

    Based on lectures presented at a colloquium held in Geneva in 2003 to honour the 200th birth anniversary of Charles Francois Sturm, this book focuses on his own work. It presents his collected papers and, carries contributions from experts with an aim to re-open topics like differential equations, optics and algebraic curves.

  6. The Self According to Allan Bloom and Charles Reich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aspy, David N.; Aspy, Cheryl B.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the works of Charles Reich and Allan Bloom that have helped to shape current social and political debate concerning self theory. Both Reich and Bloom were concerned with the relationship between self and environment. Argues that it is important to insure that its cultural role of self theory is clearly interpreted and applied. (MKA)

  7. Visions and Re-Visions of Charles Joseph Minard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friendly, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Describes the contributions of Charles Joseph Minard to statistical graphics, noting the time course of his work and providing background on his famous effort, the flow-map depiction of Napoleon's march on Moscow. Explores some modern re-visions of this famous graphic from an information visualization perspective. (SLD)

  8. Charles Bonnet Syndrome: An Often-Misunderstood Clinical Condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Joseph M.

    2000-01-01

    This article discusses Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS), a disability in which the individual has visual hallucinations that are complex, persistent, or repetitive, retains full or partial insight into the unreality of the hallucinations, does not have hallucinations in other modalities, and does not have delusional ideation. (Contains 12…

  9. Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Farrell, Lauren; Lewis, Sandra; McKenzie, Amy; Jones, Lynda

    2010-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) commonly occurs in older adults with visual impairments, particularly those with age-related macular degeneration. It is characterized by complex visual hallucinations in individuals without mental disorders. The authors explore diagnostic criteria, demographic characteristics, clinical features, theories of…

  10. [A case of Charles Bonnet syndrome following syphilitic optic neuritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogata, Hidenori; Shigeto, Hiroshi; Torii, Takako; Kawamura, Nobutoshi; Ohyagi, Yasumasa; Kira, Jun-ichi

    2011-08-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome refers to visual hallucinations in patients with visual acuity loss or visual field loss without dementia. We report a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome following syphilitic optic neuritis. A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital suffering acute bilateral visual loss in a few months. On admission, he was almost blind and his optic discs were found to be atrophic on fundoscopy. In addition to increased cell counts and protein concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), serum and CSF rapid plasma reagin tests were positive. A diagnosis of syphilitic optic neuritis was made and he was treated with intravenous penicillin G (24 million units per day for 14 days) without any recovery. After treatment finished, he began to experience complex, vivid, elaborate and colored visual hallucinations. He recognized these visions as unreal and felt distressed by them. No cognitive impairment was observed on several neuropsychological tests. We diagnosed the patient as suffering from Charles Bonnet syndrome. Brain MRI revealed diffuse mild atrophy of the cerebral cortex and multiple T2 high signal intensity lesions in the deep cerebral white matter. Single photon emission computed tomography revealed decreased regional cerebral blood flow in bilateral medial occipital lobes. Administration of olanzapine resulted in a partial remission of visual hallucinations. Charles Bonnet syndrome following syphilitic optic neuritis is rare. In the present case, visual loss and dysfunction of bilateral medial occipital lobes may have triggered the visual hallucinations, which were alleviated by olanzapine.

  11. Charles AlIen Reed, 1912·2000

    OpenAIRE

    Turnball, William D.; Barbara Becker

    2002-01-01

    Some researchers are true "Renaissance People". Their interests, skills and training represent an enormous breadth,and their pursuits exemplify the best of interdisciplinary efforts. Archaeology, anthropology, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and The Field Museum recently lost just such a fine scholar, dedicated investigator and loyal friend - Charles Allen Reed 11.

  12. Educar na autenticidade em Charles Taylor = Educating in the authenticity in Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foschiera, Rogério

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Analiso a perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade através de uma hermenêutica de suas principais obras para propor o significado de educar na autencticidade a partir de Charles Taylor. Com autencidade e ontologia moral Taylor apresenta uma antropologia ancorada na moral e na ontologia. Com autencidade e epistemologia se percebe que a perspectiva da autencidade não exclui o paradigma científico, mas necessita de outros paradigmas, principalmente do hermenêutico. Com autencidade e linguagem evidencio a compreensão de Taylor sobre a natureza da linguagem e o destaque que ele dá á definição de ser humano como " animal portador de logos", bem como o significado e as decorrências da perspectiva expressivista. Duas políticas: a da igualdade de direitos de todos e a do reconhecimento das diferenças estão integradas na perspectiva tayloriana da autencidade. Necessariamente, o ser humano, para ser autêntico, estará em constante referência a horizontes de sentido que transcendem o indivíduo, é o que apresento com autencidade e transcendência

  13. Description of larva, redescription of adults and biology of Mortogenesia mesopotamica (Morton, 1921) (Ephemeroptera: Palingeniidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soldán, Tomáš; Godunko, Roman J

    2013-01-01

    All life stages of Mortogenesia mesopotamica (Morton, 1921) are described, on the basis of material collected in the lower Euphrates-Tigris River basin. Adults are redescribed, and larvae are described for the first time, based on sets of larval exuviae. The monotypic genus Mortogenesia Lestage, 1923 is redefined using both adult and larval characteristics: eyes not contiguous, distinctly separated by a wide gap; vestigial mandibular tusks present, with 3-4 rounded lateral projections; forewing veins MP1 and iMP not brought together; CuA furcation absent on forewing; both claws similarly shaped in males; hind tarsi five-segmented; penes with roughly triangular, apically rounded and divergent lobes (in adults); seven conspicuous stout teeth on outer margin of mandibular tusk, with no apical spine-like setae; maxillary palps two-segmented; distal segment of labial palps asymmetric and bulbous; basal segment of labial palps densely pilose; forelegs with relatively short, triangular claws that are basally wider than tarsi; foretibiae with stout spines only; and a simple, leaf-like gill 1 (in larvae). The burrowing larvae of M. mesopotamica occur solely in large permanent lowland rivers, in clayey or muddy sediments, with particles exceeding 0.025-0.075 mm. Based on observations of their burrows, larval density is approximately 100-200 individuals per square meter. Various evidence suggests a unique phenomenon of male neoteny in Mortogenesia. Preliminary results of male dissections suggests a missing teneral adult cuticle, and male "subimagoes" and females occur simultaneously after oviposition. Mortogenesia mesopotamica is known currently from the Euphrates-Tigris basin in Iraq and from the Karkheh River in Iran. PMID:25112988

  14. Estudo retrospectivo do tratamento cirúrgico do neuroma de morton por via plantar Retrospective study of surgery treatment im monrton's neuroma by plantar approach

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Gennari Barbosa; Gustavo Maluf Tiradentes; Helencar Ignácio; Guaracy de Carvalho Filho; Alceu Gomes Chueire

    2005-01-01

    Com o propósito de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica - neurectomia por via plantar -, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 19 pacientes foram submetidos a esse tratamento. Portanto, foram 19 neuromas, sendo 84,3% do sexo feminino, 15,7% do sexo masculino; 31,5% no segundo espaço intermetatarsal, 68,5% no terceiro; 47,3% no lado direito e 52,7% no esquerdo. A cirurgia foi realizada por via plantar em todos os casos, com tempo médio de acompanhamento de 9 meses, e o resultado foi considera...

  15. Therapeutic Strategies for Human IgM Antibodies Directed at Tumor-Associated Ganglioside Antigens: Discoveries Made During the Morton Era and Future Directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Peter C; Irie, Reiko F

    2016-01-01

    Tumor-associated gangliosides have been investigated for their potential as antigenic targets for more than 35 years, culminating in the recent Food and Drug Administration approval of dinutuximab (Unituxin), an IgG antibody targeted against GD2, for the treatment of neuroblastoma in children. This review is focused on discoveries and development of therapeutic approaches involving human IgM antibodies directed against gangliosides, which occurred over the past 40 years at University of California-Los Angeles and the John Wayne Cancer Institute, where Dr. Donald Morton led the surgical oncology department until his death. PMID:27481004

  16. Charles C.Fries与语篇分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文革

    2012-01-01

    Charles C.Fries的贡献不仅在语言教育上,他的语言学理论在当时也独树一帜。讨论并分析了Fries的相关语篇分析思想。研究发现,Fries的语境观与Malinowski和同时期J.R.Firth的语境观大同小异。Fries的序列信号显示了他对话语衔接和连贯的看法,他的这些语篇分析思想对后来的超句子研究有着一定积极影响。有必要重新审视和评价Charles C.Fries对结构语言学的贡献。

  17. [Charles Bonnet syndrome: case reports and short review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagoudis, A; Bozikas, V

    2011-01-01

    Charles Bonnet first described visual hallucinations in a ground of visual deprivation in the 18th century. In this paper, two case reports with the syndrome are presented (female 83 years old, male 68 years old) along with a short literature review. The distinction of the syndrome from other psychiatric disorders (delirium, dementia), where visual hallucinations are also present, demands the presence of the diagnostical triad: visual hallucinations, visual impairment, intact cognitive status. The hallucinations are rich in colors and tension, people usually have the "leading roles" and patients mostly are curious, enjoy the hallucinations and are not afraid of them. More often hallucinations appear after acute visual impairment and in older patients. There are several theories concerning the mechanisms that lead to the syndrome. The Charles Bonnet syndrome appears to be self-restricted and there are no clear guidelines regarding its treatment.

  18. Occipital lobe epilepsy presenting as Charles Bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown-Vargas, Damaris; Cienki, John J

    2012-11-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome describes visual field or acuity loss with complex hallucinations. This typically occurs in the elderly with preexisting visual impairment. We describe a patient who presented to the emergency department with acute hemianopsia and intermittent complex hallucinations. A 57-year-old man was referred for visual field loss and hallucinations. Chief complaint was “seeing little heads of people” and a right-sided visual loss. The patient was alert, oriented, and able to repeat and name and had fluent speech. On cranial nerve examination, he had 20/20 visual acuity and right homonymous hemianopsia. The patient had normal laboratory examination and electrocardiogram results. Results of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the head with contrast were negative. Standard 30-minute electroencephalography revealed near-continuous epileptiform discharges in the left occipital lobe. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of new-onset seizure presenting as Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  19. Charles Dickens: the man, medicine, and movement disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoffer, Kerrie L; O'Sullivan, John D

    2006-11-01

    Nineteenth-century Victorian novelists played an important role in developing our understanding of medicine and illness. With the eye of an expert clinician, Charles Dickens provided several detailed accounts of movement disorders in his literary works, many of which predated medical descriptions. His gift for eloquence, imagery, and precision attest not only to the importance of careful clinical observation, but also provide an insightful and entertaining perspective on movement disorders for modern students of neuroscience. PMID:17015015

  20. Charles Dickens and the movement for sanitary reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litsios, Socrates

    2003-01-01

    Charles Dickens's adult life parallels the period when the movement for sanitary reform took root in England. Although he was not one of its leaders, he became in time one of its most outspoken advocates. This essay describes Dickens's growing involvement in the sanitary movement and looks at one of the most important ways he supported it--articles published in his weekly journal Household Words PMID:12721520

  1. 纪念达尔文%In Memeory of Charles Darwin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路甬祥

    2009-01-01

    @@ 今年是达尔文(Charles Robert Darwin,1809-1882)诞辰200周年,也是发表150周年.世界各地都在纪念这位进化论的创始人,因为他不仅是生物学史上划时代的人物,是科学史上的巨匠,而且也是一位人类思想史上的伟人.

  2. Charles Darwin's Reception in Germany and What Followed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Meyer

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available 150 years ago, Heinrich Bronn provided in the first German translation of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species a rather liberal interpretation, even adding his own view of Darwin's ideas in an additional 15th chapter. Ernst Haeckel widely popularized his view of Darwinian evolution based on his reading of this translation. This was long seen - probably incorrectly - as the intellectual root of social Darwinism in Germany.

  3. [Mental health in Pointe-St-Charles : towards collective responsibility.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchet, L

    1978-01-01

    The Pointe St-Charles Community Clinic is a popular, user-run clinic, where psychiatric treatment is integrated into the services of the medical-social teams, and where, more globally, an attitude of a collective responsability for mental health is beginning to develop as a result of the active involvement, on the part of both clinic workers and users, in the social change process and the optimal use of the natural community ressource network.

  4. Conmemoración de Charles Darwin (1882

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Mantegazza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tres semanas después de la muerte del biólogo y naturalista inglés, Paolo Mantegazza pronunció el 21 de mayo de 1882 su "Conmemoración de Charles Darwin celebrada en el Real Instituto de Estudios Superiores en Florencia". Traducción de Juan Pérez Andrés.

  5. Charles Darwin and the 1835 earthquake at Concepcion, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spall, H.

    1981-01-01

    On a stormy night in October 1836, H.M.S Beagle hove to and dropped anchor at Falmouth, a remote harbor in southwest England. Charles Darwin, the ship's naturalist, came ashore to take the mail coach to Shrewsbury. This was inauspicious end to an epic 5-year voyage around the coast of South America, the results of which were to have a tumultuous impact on scientific thought that has lasted to this day. 

  6. Interdigital (Morton) neuroma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the authors designed a study to determine the feasibility and accuracy of MR imaging performed with a solenoid local coil for the evaluation of patients with suspected interdigital neuromas. Fifteen patients (17 feet) with symptoms suggestive of interdigital neuroma were examined at 1.5 T with a solenoid forefoot coil having an 8-cm field of view. A standard protocol of T1-weighted oblique coronal and double-oblique axial images and T2-weighted oblique coronal images was used in 11 feet. In the remaining cases, the protocols varied; however, T1- and T2-weighted sequences were consistently obtained. Surgery was subsequently performed in 6 feet. MR imaging identified 15 interdigital masses, 5 of which were pathologically confirmed neuromas

  7. Insights into the life and work of Sir Charles Sherrington.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnár, Zoltán; Brown, Richard E

    2010-06-01

    Much of the original historical data behind the greatest discoveries in neuroscience are now lost. However, a recently rediscovered box of histological slides belonging to Sir Charles Sherrington, a pioneer in spinal cord and motor control research, has survived at the University of Oxford since 1936. Sherrington coined the term 'synapse', developed the concept of inhibition in neuronal function, demonstrated the integration of sensory and motor actions of the nervous system, and examined the synaptic activity of single neurons and their integration into neuronal circuits. Here, we explore Sherrington's lifetime of discoveries, with reference to histological specimens from his box of slides.

  8. Charles Dickens and the Cat Paw Letter Opener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Pyke

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the sensory expectations around Victorian taxidermy, beginning with Charles Dickens’s letter opener made from the paw of his favourite cat and moving to a discussion of 'Our Mutual Friend'. I suggest that in a mid-Victorian moment in which work and laziness are polarized as the available moral, economic, and social categories, a desire for stillness, a space that is neither work nor laziness, exists in the encounter with taxidermied animals. The taxidermied animal allows energy and stillness to coexist.

  9. CHARLES R. DARWIN Y EL DESARROLLO DE LA CREATIVIDAD (

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Garnier Ximena

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Los 200 años del nacimiento de Charles R. Darwin y los 150 años de la publicación de su libro “El origen de las especies” recuerdan la importancia de la creatividad y de comprender cómo se desarrolla. En este ensayo, analizo la autobiografía de Charles Darwin y concluyo que la creatividad en su vida surgió por interacción entre cualidades personales y una serie de circunstancias. En el análisis, sobresalen elementos que incluyen curiosidad, crecer cerca de la naturaleza, gusto por la lectura y el aprendizaje autónomo, la presencia de buenos mentores, disciplina, experiencia en los métodos de trabajo científico, disposición para establecer una red de científicos, y pasión por lo que se hace. Estos fueron elementos clave para su impacto en biología, geología, psicología, filosofía e incluso en nuestra percepción general del mundo. Se hacen reflexiones para educadores con la intención de promover el desarrollo de la creatividad en nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes.Abstract:The 200th anniversary of Charles R. Darwin´s birth and the 150th of the publication of his “Origin of Species” remind us of the importance of creativity, and of understanding its development. In this essay, I analyze the autobiography of Charles Darwin and conclude that his creativity resulted from a series of personal qualities and circumstances. The key elements I found include curiosity, growing near nature, passion for reading and for autonomous learning, the role of good mentors, discipline, a disposition to establish a network with other scientists, experience with scientific methods, and passion for what he did. The presence of these elements in his life resulted in his transforming biology, geology, psychology, philosophy, and even our general perception of the world. Reflections for educators are presented with the intention of promoting the development of creativity in our children and youth.

  10. Chapter Four: Turning History into Art – Charles the First

    OpenAIRE

    Mulhallen, Jacqueline

    2013-01-01

    Shelley began writing Charles the First in January 1822, but at his death he had completed only scenes for a first act, an outline sketch for a second and many notes, jottings and stray lines. As he had not worked on it in the months preceding his death, there is a view that he would not have completed it even had he lived. This view undermines the importance of this project, which he had been researching since 1818, and his competence as a dramatist is challenged by the idea that it may have...

  11. Charles Lamb's R eminiscences in “South-Sea House”

    OpenAIRE

    Dr . Himanshu A . Sriv as t a v a

    2011-01-01

    Charles Lamb has rightly been called “The Prince of English Essayist.” Lamb was one of the most autobiographical ofthe English essayists and his essays at every step reflect his nobility of soul, his good nature and his charity. Essaysof Elia reconstructs the whole of his life from the beginning to the end. The South-Sea House, from the essays ofElia is an autobiographical essay which presents the glorious past of South-Sea House Company and its ingloriousend. He vividly describes his co-work...

  12. Charles Richet: medical scientist, innovator, peace thinker and savant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewer, Nick

    2006-01-01

    This article looks at the life of Professor Charles Richet (1850-1935), a distinguished medical scientist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1913 for his work on anaphylaxis. He was also an aeroplane engineer, an investigator of psychic phenomena, active in the medical and international peace movement as a member of the leading peace organisations of the time including the International Medical Association for the Suppression of War, and the French Peace League. He also promoted controversial views about eugenics and the means of constructing what he considered to be a strong and healthy society.

  13. Visual hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome) associated with neurosarcoidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jason; Waisbren, Emily; Hashemi, Nafiseh; Lee, Andrew G

    2013-01-01

    The Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) refers to lucid and complex visual hallucinations in cognitively normal patients with acquired vision loss. It can be associated with any type of vision loss including that related to macular degeneration, corneal disease, diabetic retinopathy, and occipital infarct. Neurosarcoidosis, a multi-systemic inflammatory granulomatous disease affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems, is rarely associated with CBS. We report a patient with biopsy-confirmed neurosarcoidosis who experienced visual hallucinations following the development of a right seventh-nerve palsy, right facial paresthesia, and bilateral progressive visual loss. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that the CBS can occur in visual loss of any etiology.

  14. Charles Bonnet syndrome in a Borneo Iban tribesman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabri, R; Yasin, Y

    2009-01-01

    A 31-year-old man Charles Bonnet syndrome is a condition usually seen in the visually-impaired elderly, causing complex visual hallucinations in the absence of any delirium, dementia or psychiatric illness. We report an elderly man, with blindness in one eye and a cataract in the other, from the Iban tribe, which is indigenous to the island of Borneo. He presented with a three-week history of vivid hallucinations of burglars intruding on his living quarters in the longhouse where he lived.

  15. Commentary on visual hallucinations and Charles Bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benaur, Marina; Kahn, David

    2011-03-01

    The authors comment on two case reports of visual hallucinations due to non-psychiatric disorders: retinal detachment in a patient with schizophrenia, and Charles Bonnet syndrome. The physiology of visual misperception is reviewed, based on abnormalities along various points from the eye to the optic tracts to the occipital cortex. The approach to patients with visual hallucinations should include not only an evaluation for psychiatric disorders, but also an appreciation of possible non-psychiatric causes that may have major ramifications for care and potentially for preservation of sight.

  16. Eye-related visual hallucinations: consider 'Charles Bonnet syndrome'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cinar, Nilgun; Sahin, Sevki; Karsidag, Sibel

    2011-01-01

    The Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is typically characterized by visual hallucinations in elderly people without cognitive defects. This article presents the case of an 80-year-old male patient with a one-year history of visual hallucinations, secondary to glaucoma, in both eyes. Neither a dopamine agonist nor cholinesterase inhibitor therapy improved his symptoms. In this case, the hallucinations were gradually improved after administration of a GABAergic drug, pregabalin, for diabetic polyneuropathy. Placebo-controlled clinical trials would be needed to support this effect of pregabalin, as suggested by this association.

  17. Images of Spatial Representations in Charles Dickens's New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu Yu Allison Lin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Agnes Calder claims that Charles Dickens came back from America, ‘heartily disillusioned’ (Dickens 8. In this paper, through reading American Notes (1842, I see the image of spatial representation in the city of New York. On the surface, the city shows Dickens’s eye of observation, revealing the dark side of the city. And yet, Dickens’s writing expresses more than what he sees. Dickens’s image of New York, I argue, is not only a ‘realistic’ account of what things look like, but a true realisation of how he feels about himself, and about the country in which he was situated in.

  18. Images of Spatial Representations in Charles Dickens's New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu Yu Allison Lin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Agnes Calder claims that Charles Dickens came back from America, ‘heartily disillusioned’ (Dickens 8. In this paper, through reading American Notes (1842, I see the image of spatial representation in the city of New York. On the surface, the city shows Dickens’s eye of observation, revealing the dark side of the city. And yet, Dickens’s writing expresses more than what he sees. Dickens’s image of New York, I argue, is not only a ‘realistic’ account of what things look like, but a true realisation of how he feels about himself, and about the country in which he was situated in.

  19. CHARLES R. DARWIN Y EL DESARROLLO DE LA CREATIVIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Miranda Garnier

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Los 200 años del nacimiento de Charles R. Darwin y los 150 años de la publicación de su libro "El origen de las especies" recuerdan la importancia de la creatividad y de comprender cómo se desarrolla. En este ensayo, analizo la autobiografía de Charles Darwin y concluyo que la creatividad en su vida surgió por interacción entre cualidades personales y una serie de circunstancias. En el análisis, sobresalen elementos que incluyen curiosidad, crecer cerca de la naturaleza, gusto por la lectura y el aprendizaje autónomo, la presencia de buenos mentores, disciplina, experiencia en los métodos de trabajo científico, disposición para establecer una red de científicos, y pasión por lo que se hace. Estos fueron elementos clave para su impacto en biología, geología, psicología, filosofía e incluso en nuestra percepción general del mundo. Se hacen reflexiones para educadores con la intención de promover el desarrollo de la creatividad en nuestros niños, niñas y jóvenes.

  20. An Analysis of Environmental Issues in 19th Century England Using the Writings of Charles Dickens

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKenzie, Ann Haley

    2008-01-01

    Charles Dickens lived during the best and worst of times in 19th century England. His writings were greatly influenced by the ongoing industrial revolution. He described abhorrent environmental conditions, inadequate sanitary practices, child abuse, and other social maladies of the times. By bringing Charles Dickens into the biology classroom,…

  1. Environmental Education in the Galapagos: 2007 Report to the Charles Darwin Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepath, Carl M.

    2007-01-01

    Background: "Environmental education in the Galapagos: 2007 report to the Charles Darwin Foundation" is a report to the Charles Darwin Foundation (CDF) about the researchers observations about the status of environmental education in the Galapagos in 2006 and 2007. Purpose: This paper reports on environmental education in the Galapagos islands,…

  2. 3 CFR - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents... of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, the President declared a national... to the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor, pursuant to the International Emergency...

  3. 78 FR 28205 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and... Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project Draft ] Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0464D... the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project, which would be constructed and operated...

  4. 76 FR 24007 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Lake Charles Carbon Capture and... Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration (ICCS) Program. The Lake Charles Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project (Lake Charles CCS Project) would demonstrate: (1) advanced technologies that capture...

  5. On the humanism in Charles Dickens' David Copperfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董莉

    2008-01-01

    Charles Dickens was the main representative of English realist in nineteenth century.He was one of the vast host of Victorian novelists.He saw astonishing changes:during his lifetime Britain was transformed from a predominantly rural economy to a major industrial power.Transport,mass communications,education,legal and parliamentary structures.He created fourteen novels in his life.Dickens's activities and creation in his lifetime always kept step with trend of the times.In his works he devoted himself to disclose bourgeoisie's greed and cruelty,and at the same he expressed the deep sympathy with workers and farmers,especially women and children.Dickens considered humanism as the main idea throughout all his works,he eulogized genuineness,goodness,and happiness of human nature.He also hankered a more rationalization society and a more wonderful life.

  6. Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, and Isaac Pulvermacher's "magic band".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waits, Robert K

    2013-01-01

    Around 1850, Isaac L. Pulvermacher (1815-1884) joined the ranks of so-called "galvanists" who had, for nearly a century, been touting the shocks and sparks of electricity as a miracle cure for all ills, including neurological complaints such as palsy and hemiplegia. The famed authors, Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880), in France, and Charles Dickens (1812-1870), in England, although contemporaries, apparently never met or corresponded. But during their lives, they both became aware of Pulvermacher and his patented Hydro-Electric Chains, claimed to impart vigor and cure nearly every complaint. Pulvermacher's chains made a cameo appearance in Madame Bovary (1857), Flaubert's controversial (and most successful) novel. Among Dickens's last letters (1870) was an order for I. L. Pulvermacher and Company's "magic band." Since the Victorian age, electrical and magnetic cures, for better or worse, continue to be products of both the medical profession and quackery. PMID:24290267

  7. Charles Hard Townes: Remarkable Scientist and Inspiring Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, P. F.

    2016-05-01

    Charles Townes is renowned for his work elucidating the structure of molecules through microwave spectroscopy and for his invention of the maser and the laser. He also had a lifelong interest in astronomy, and in the later portion of his remarkable and long career devoted himself to astronomical research, pioneering the study of molecules in interstellar space and the development of infrared spectroscopy, first from the ground and then from airborne facilities. His interest in high angular resolution, as well as high spectral resolution observations, led to development of the first infrared spatial interferometer employing coherent signal processing techniques. In this short review I will only touch on some of Townes' many scientific contributions, concentrating on astronomy, and will also give some personal thoughts about how he inspired students in their research, helping to make the "Townes Group" at the University of California, Berkeley, an ideal environment in which to start a career in research.

  8. ["Wetlands". Charles Bukowski and Charlotte Roche on hemorrhoids].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahmer, F A; Bahmer, J A

    2010-08-01

    More than 40 years ago Charles Bukowski described his experiences with coloscopy and the ensuing surgery on his hemorrhoids, both performed by a doctor pictured as sadistic. Bukowski not only depicts these procedures but also characterizes his compassionate inpatients as well as the nursing staff. In her bestseller published in 2008 Charlotte Roche's protagonist Helen needs surgical inpatient treatment because of hemorrhoidal bleeding. Her stay in the hospital, prolonged by a postoperative self-inflicted bleeding, provides the basis not only for strategies to bring her divorced parents together but also for thoughts on genitalia, manifold sexual practices, as well as on rules of hygiene. From a psychodynamic viewpoint the protagonists in both stories suffer from a depressive basic conflict, compensated in Bukowski's work by a dependent, self-destructive, philobatic form of coping and in Roche's alter ego Helen by an impulsive, sexualized behaviour.

  9. A REVIEW OF CHARLES EBEREONWU’S LOST LAUREL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saviour Nathan A. Agoro

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Mr. Charles Ebereonwu the novelist whose work is reviewed in the following pages is following in the noble tradition and practice of those who have learnt to write out of interest as they discovered their talent in the creative domain. It is always precarious to traverse an unknown path. But no one would do anything new without embracing the element of risk which is always associated with everything in life. It is good that our writer is not intimidated to embark on the journey of learning how to become a novelist. Since writing is a very solitary business, by this review we intend to celebrate the many hours of solitude our author spent in the course of producing this work.

  10. Charles bonnet syndrome, management with simple behavioral technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baba Awoye Issa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome occurs in visually impaired but cognitively normal individuals. This report describes a condition of vivid visual hallucination (phantom images in an 85-year-old conscious man, who had been blind by bilateral progressively worsening glaucoma. This common, but rarely reported, condition was managed by behavioral approach of repeated blinking, intermittent eyes closure, and reassurance. While emotional, mood and cognitive disorders need to be ruled out, the condition, though frightening to the afflicted, is benign and remediable with simple, inexpensive approach. Health workers managing people with terminal blindness should always ask for the presence of hallucinations from their patients to forestall a preventable distress resulting from wrong perception without visual stimulus.

  11. Pregabalin in the treatment of Charles Bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawant, Neena Sanjiv; Bokdawala, Rohann Astad

    2013-04-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is a condition characterised by the presence of visual hallucinations in patients having visual impairment most commonly reported in the seventh decade. We describe a case of a 55-year-old lady who had developed retinopathy causing significant visual loss secondary to diabetes mellitus. She had started seeing images of men for the past 2 months which made her feel uncomfortable and seek psychiatric help. She was aware that the hallucinations were not real but a part of her imagination. A detailed history did not reveal any psychopathology but the patient had several medical complications due to her uncontrolled diabetes. Pregabalin, which was started for her neuropathy, dramatically remitted her symptoms within 2 days.

  12. Charles bonnet syndrome, management with simple behavioral technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Issa, Baba Awoye; Yussuf, Abdullahi Dasliva

    2013-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome occurs in visually impaired but cognitively normal individuals. This report describes a condition of vivid visual hallucination (phantom images) in an 85-year-old conscious man, who had been blind by bilateral progressively worsening glaucoma. This common, but rarely reported, condition was managed by behavioral approach of repeated blinking, intermittent eyes closure, and reassurance. While emotional, mood and cognitive disorders need to be ruled out, the condition, though frightening to the afflicted, is benign and remediable with simple, inexpensive approach. Health workers managing people with terminal blindness should always ask for the presence of hallucinations from their patients to forestall a preventable distress resulting from wrong perception without visual stimulus.

  13. Visual hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome associated with neurosarcoidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS refers to lucid and complex visual hallucinations in cognitively normal patients with acquired vision loss. It can be associated with any type of vision loss including that related to macular degeneration, corneal disease, diabetic retinopathy, and occipital infarct. Neurosarcoidosis, a multi-systemic inflammatory granulomatous disease affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems, is rarely associated with CBS. We report a patient with biopsy-confirmed neurosarcoidosis who experienced visual hallucinations following the development of a right seventh-nerve palsy, right facial paresthesia, and bilateral progressive visual loss. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that the CBS can occur in visual loss of any etiology.

  14. Report on surface geology and groundwater investigations of Mortons and Green Valley Well Fields. Final technical report, November 1980-May 1982. [Proposed WyCoalGas Project, Converse County, Wyoming; site evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1982-01-01

    The general region of investigation of this report is in the southern part of the Powder River Basin near the Town of Douglas, Wyoming. Two specific areas within this region were investigated to determine the groundwater potential with drilling and testing programs during the years 1973 to 1975. One area of investigation is located approximately 12 miles west of Douglas in T32 and 33N, R73 and 74W, and is known as the Green Valley Well Field. This area is situated in the foothills of the north end of the Laramie Range and encompasses approximately 25 square miles. In this area the Madison Formation limestone and the Flathead Formation sandstone are the aquifers of interest for groundwater production. The second area is located approximately 13 miles north of Douglas in T34 and 35N, R70 and 71W, and is known as the Mortons Well Field. This area encompasses about 30 square miles. In this area, the Lance Formation and Fox Hills Formation sandstones are the aquifers of interest. Contained within the body of this report are two geologic studies prepared by consulting geologists, Dr. Peter Huntoon and Henry Richter. These studies define the pertinent structural and groundwater geologic features in and in the vicinities of the Mortons and Green Valley Well Fields. A relatively complex structural geology was encountered in the Green Valley area. The study of the Mortons area suggests that the geology of this area is relatively uniform. Inventories of the water users in the vicinities of the two study areas are included at the back of this report in Appendix B. These inventories are comprised of water appropriations as recognized by the Wyoming State Engineer's Office. Both groundwater and surface water appropriations are inventoried within the Green Valley study area. Only groundwater appropriations are inventoried within the Mortons study area.

  15. Charles Robert Darwin and Argentina's National Academy of Sciences Charles Robert Darwin y la Academia Nacional de Ciencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro José Depetris

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Over 175 years ago Charles Robert Darwin arrived in Argentina to find a bare and boundless plain, the brave centaur called "gaucho", Quaternary fossils everywhere, and a society strikingly strange and aggressive to the British eyes of the young traveller. Although the voyage aboard HMS Beagle was the indispensable way towards increasing his stature as a biologist, Lyell's work awakened an inquisitive geological mind which allowed him to wonder at the splendour of the Andes. Forty-two years after having concluded his voyage on the Beagle, the National Academy of Sciences of Argentina appointed him as an Honorary Member. This must be interpreted as an early gesture of recognition -in the context of those times- to the magnificence of his scientific work.Hace más de 175 años, Charles Robert Darwin llegaba a la Argentina para descubrir una llanura desprovista de límites y de árboles, el valeroso centauro que era el gaucho, fósiles cuaternarios por doquier y una sociedad sorprendentemente extraña y agresiva a los británicos ojos del joven viajero. Aunque el viaje a bordo del Beagle fue el camino indispensable para incrementar su estatura como biólogo, la obra de Lyell despertó una mente inquisitivamente geológica que le permitió maravillarse ante la magnificencia de los Andes. Cuarenta y dos años después de haber concluido su viaje en el Beagle, la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Argentina lo designó Miembro Honorario, en lo que debe interpretarse como un temprano gesto de reconocimiento -en el contexto del momento- por la magnificencia de su obra científica.

  16. Estudo retrospectivo do tratamento cirúrgico do neuroma de morton por via plantar Retrospective study of surgery treatment im monrton's neuroma by plantar approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Gennari Barbosa

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica - neurectomia por via plantar -, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 19 pacientes foram submetidos a esse tratamento. Portanto, foram 19 neuromas, sendo 84,3% do sexo feminino, 15,7% do sexo masculino; 31,5% no segundo espaço intermetatarsal, 68,5% no terceiro; 47,3% no lado direito e 52,7% no esquerdo. A cirurgia foi realizada por via plantar em todos os casos, com tempo médio de acompanhamento de 9 meses, e o resultado foi considerado satisfatório em 89,5% dos pacientes. O tempo de retorno às atividades foi de 6 semanas em 84,2%. Dois pacientes se apresentaram insatisfeitos, ambos devido à dor residual abaixo da cicatriz. Os autores concluem que, a neurectomia por via plantar foi satisfatória, pois há uma melhor exposição do neuroma, boa cicatrização, retorno rápido às atividades e melhora da dor.With an eye to evaluate the surgical technic efficiency - neurectomy by plantar approach -, 19 patients with Morton's neuroma were submitted to this treatment. Therefore, were 19 neuroma patients including 84,3% female, 15,7% male; 31,5% in second intermetatarsal space, 68,5% in third; 47,3% on right side and 52,7% on left side. The surgery was made by plantar approach in every cases, with middle time of attendance around 9 months, and the result was considered satisfactory on 89,5% of patients. The time of return to activities was 6 weeks on 84,2%. Two patients were considered unsatisfied, both because of remain pain under the scar. The authors conclude that, a neurectomy by plantar approach is satisfactory, because there is a better exposition of neuroma, good healing, fast return to activities and improve of pain.

  17. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Mosaic from Color Aerial Imagery of LAKE CHARLES

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of LAKE CHARLES. The...

  18. 2010 NOAA Ortho-rectified Mosaic from Color Aerial Imagery of LAKE CHARLES (NODC Accession 0075827)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of LAKE CHARLES. The...

  19. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1982

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR including the satellite refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1982 calendar year. The report...

  20. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1981

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR including the satellite refuges outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1981 calendar year. The report...

  1. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1985

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR, War Horse NWR, Lake Mason NWR, Hailstone NWR, Halfbreed NWR, Tew WPA, and Spidel WPA outlines Refuge...

  2. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1983

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1983 calendar year. The report...

  3. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1984

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1984 calendar year. The report...

  4. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1966

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  5. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1967

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  6. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1965

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (includes satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War...

  7. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - December 1964

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges: Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Miller, Yellow Water, War Horse, and Wild...

  8. Charles M. Russell & UL Bend NWR Report on Wilderness Character Monitoring

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report discusses 43 possible wilderness character monitoring measures for Charles M. Russell and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuges. In 2011, measures were...

  9. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : January - April 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  10. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range : Narrative Report : September to December 1963

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell outlines Refuge accomplishments from September to December of 1963. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  11. Relations between logic and mathematics in the work of Benjamin and Charles S. Peirce.

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, Alison

    1999-01-01

    Charles Peirce (1839-1914) was one of the most important logicians of the nineteenth century. This thesis traces the development of his algebraic logic from his early papers, with especial attention paid to the mathematical aspects. There are three main sources to consider. 1) Benjamin Peirce (1809-1880), Charles's father and also a leading American mathematician of his day, was an inspiration. His memoir Linear Associative Algebra (1870) is summarised and for the first time the algebraic ...

  12. Gender Differences in Cognition in China and Reasons for Change over Time: Evidence from CHARLS

    OpenAIRE

    Lei, Xiaoyan; Smith, James P.; Sun, Xiaoting; Zhao, Yaohui

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we model gender differences in cognitive ability in China using a new sample of middle-aged and older Chinese respondents. Modeled after the American Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), CHARLS respondents are 45 years and older and are nationally representative of the Chinese population in this age span. Our measures of cognition in CHARLS relies on two measures that proxy for different dimensions of adult cognition - episodic memory and intact mental status. We relate these co...

  13. Searching the animal psyche with Charles Le Brun.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Sarah R

    2010-07-01

    Around 1670 the French court painter and Academician Charles Le Brun produced a series of drawings featuring naturalistic animal heads, as well as imaginary heads in which he refashioned various nonhuman animal species to make humanoid physiognomies. What were the purpose and significance of these unusual works? I argue that they show Le Brun's interest in what we today would call animal psychology: focusing upon the sensory organs and their connections with the animal's brain, Le Brun studied his animals as conscious protagonists of the natural realm. One source that may have served him in this project was Marin Cureau de La Chambre's De la Connoissance des bestes of 1645, in which the physician argued that animals possess a conscious soul grounded in the senses. However, Le Brun's animal-humans have no clear place in the artist's taxonomy--nor, indeed, in any seventeenth-century understandings of species. It is rather John Locke, at his most skeptical, who offers the best parallel in the realm of natural philosophy to Le Brun's unsettling animal-humans. Probably without meaning to, Le Brun demonstrated through his eerie, boundary-crossing creatures the limits of visual classification.

  14. "Professor" Charles Tyrrell and his ideal sight restorer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferry, A P

    1986-09-01

    Charles A. Tyrrell was a masseur who obtained his MD degree at age 57 in 1900. In addition to his private practice he was editor of several pseudomedical magazines. He also owned two proprietary ventures that he conducted on a mail order basis. One of these involved production and sale of the The Ideal Sight Restorer, a U-shaped device consisting of a rubber bulb at the base, from which on both sides arose an arm of rubber tubing capped by an ivory eye piece. The eye cups were applied to the closed eyelids and the intermittent suction produced by squeezing the rubber bulb was claimed to provide a form of ocular massage capable of curing serious eye diseases (eg. cataract and glaucoma), as well as doing away with the need for spectacles. Although his fraudulent activities and deceptive advertising practices were described on several occasions in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Dr. Tyrrell persisted in his enterprises until he died in 1918. PMID:3543791

  15. 'The adventure': Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz's extraordinary stroke diary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, J

    2010-01-01

    The famous Swiss writer Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz suffered a stroke at 65 years, which he called 'the adventure' or 'the accident'. He developed language disturbances suggesting crossed aphasia in a right hander with left hemiparesis. This uncommon pattern allowed him to continue to write his diary and to report his disturbances, with a unique depth and precision, especially for cognitive-emotional changes. Language and motor dysfunction recovered within a few weeks, but Ramuz complained of persisting emotional flattening alternating with irritability, fatigue, depression, anxiety, and concentration difficulty, which gave him the feeling to have become another person and to be inhabited by a stranger, whom he compared with devils. Ramuz fought several months to resume his literary activity, having the impression to have lost inspiration and creativity. However, the novels he wrote less than 6 months after stroke show no stylistic changes and have been found to be of the same quality as his previous production. Ramuz even 'used' his stroke experience in his work, in particular in a novel depicting an old man who has a stroke and dies of it. Ramuz's diary, with his own daily description of stroke features and consequences during acute and recovery phases, is a unique document in a writer of his importance, and provides invaluable information on subjective emotional and cognitive experience of stroke. PMID:20375532

  16. Charles Everett Koop: the “Family doctor of America”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Bucci

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Charles Everett Koop was a great Surgeon General, probably the most influential in the history of the United States of America. He never missed courage in his life and often he had used it to tackle professional and personal tough problems.In his public activity, he faced controversial health problems of American people as smoking, abortion and the first occurrence of the epidemic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS. Koop was a rigorous man. The lodestar that guided Koop in his work, as a public servant was to do the best for health of Americans. In his prestigious and difficult role, he faced the pressing problems of health of millions of people trying to avoid political influence. During his mandate of eight years, Koop increased the influence and authority of his role. His appearance and behaviour were unmistakable: Lincolnesque beard and uniform, conduct hard and pure, exclusively oriented to the health of citizens, over the personal conveniences, political pressure and lobbying. An exemplary man, who for his passion for medicine and his sincere interest in promoting public health, was affectionately considered the "Family Doctor of America".

  17. The Curious Case of Charles Darwin and Homeopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Ullman

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1849, Charles Darwin was so ill that he was unable to work one out of every 3 days, and after having various troubling symptoms for 2–12 years, he wrote to a friend that he was ‘going the way of all flesh’. He sought treatment from Dr James Manby Gully, a medical doctor who used water cure and homeopathic medicines. Despite being highly skeptical of these treatments, he experienced a dramatic improvement in his health, though some of his digestive and skin symptoms returned various times in his life. He grew to appreciate water cure, but remained skeptical of homeopathy, even though his own experiments on insectivore plants using what can be described as homeopathic doses of ammonia salts surprised and shocked him with their significant biological effect. Darwin even expressed concern that he should publish these results. Two of Darwin's sons were as incredulous as he was, but their observations confirmed the results of his experiments. Darwin was also known to have read a book on evolution written by a homeopathic physician that Darwin described as similar to his own but ‘goes much deeper.’

  18. Charles Darwin and Evolution: Illustrating Human Aspects of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampourakis, Kostas; McComas, William F.

    2010-06-01

    Recently, the nature of science (NOS) has become recognized as an important element within the K-12 science curriculum. Despite differences in the ultimate lists of recommended aspects, a consensus is emerging on what specific NOS elements should be the focus of science instruction and inform textbook writers and curriculum developers. In this article, we suggest a contextualized, explicit approach addressing one core NOS aspect: the human aspects of science that include the domains of creativity, social influences and subjectivity. To illustrate these ideas, we have focused on Charles Darwin, a scientist whose life, work and thought processes were particularly well recorded at the time and analyzed by scholars in the succeeding years. Historical facts are discussed and linked to core NOS ideas. Creativity is illustrated through the analogies between the struggle for existence in human societies and in nature, between artificial and natural selection, and between the division of labor in human societies and in nature. Social influences are represented by Darwin’s aversion of criticism of various kinds and by his response to the methodological requirements of the science of that time. Finally, subjectivity is discussed through Darwin’s development of a unique but incorrect source for the origin of variations within species.

  19. [Charles Bonnet's syndrome: clinical insights in a fascinating disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elflein, H M

    2013-12-01

    Even mentally and cognitively healthy people can experience visual hallucinations. These are called Charles Bonnet's syndrome, named after the Swiss scientist, who first described such perceptions in the 18th century. Usually patients possess insight in the unreality of their visual experiences. The definitions of CBS are not consistent. Visual impairment or blindness is not part of every definition, but often is associated with CBS. Ophthalmologists should be aware of this syndrome, since its prevalence is high among blind or visually impaired people: patients often are reluctant to admit their hallucinatory experiences, because of the fear of being stigmatised. Possibly women are affected more often than men. CBS is well investigated in the elderly, but also young people might experience visual hallucinations. Hallucinatory contents commonly are persons, with varying duration of the hallucinations. Most patients experience more than one hallucinatory episode. CBS is best investigated in patients suffering from AMD. Neuroimaging studies suggest that cerebral abnormalities, mainly in the occipital cortex, might also play a role in the pathogenesis of CBS. Many patients do not require (drug) treatment, since education itself is helpful in most cases. The pathophysiology remains unclear, but there are a couple of theories.

  20. Charles Bonnet syndrome and cognitive impairment: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Gregor; Burns, Alistair

    2014-05-22

    ABSTRACT Background: Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is defined as complex persistent visual hallucinations in the absence of mental disorder. It is common in conditions causing significant visual impairment. Many authors advise reassurance, considering the condition benign. However, others have suggested that CBS may in some patients represent the early stages of dementia. This review seeks to systematically examine the evidence for any link between CBS and cognitive impairment. Methods: Literature search using OVID Medline, PsychINFO, and Embase. Results: Three studies where cognitive functioning was the primary focus of the research were found. All were small, did not properly apply diagnostic criteria, and reported conflicting results. Eight other studies commented on cognitive functioning, but none used tests sufficiently sensitive to detect changes seen in early dementia. One hundred and thirty four case reports were scrutinized, and reports found of 16 patients with CBS where dementia emerged. High rates of partial insight at diagnosis of CBS were seen in these patients. Conclusions: There have been no adequately powered studies, using accepted diagnostic criteria, where changes in cognitive functioning were the primary outcome. Existing studies are of limited methodological quality and allow no conclusion regarding a relationship between cognitive impairment and CBS to be reached. Numerous case reports of dementia developing in patients with CBS and partial insight raise the possibility of a link between these conditions. There is a clear need for properly constructed studies to investigate this.

  1. On Cas A, Cassini, Comets and King Charles

    CERN Document Server

    Soria, Roberto; Ohtsuka, Yasuyo

    2013-01-01

    We re-examine the long-standing problem of the date of the Cassiopeia A supernova (SN), in view of recent claims that it might be the 1630 "noon-star" seen at the birth of King Charles II. We do not support this identification, based on the expected brightness of a Type-IIb SN (too faint to be seen in daylight), the extrapolated motion of the ejecta (inconsistent with a date earlier than 1650), the lack of any scientific follow-up observations, the lack of any mention of it in Asian archives. The origin of the 1630 noon-star event (if real) remains a mystery; there was a bright comet in 1630 June but no evidence to determine whether or not it was visible in daylight. Instead, we present French reports about a 4th-magnitude star discovered by Cassini in Cassiopeia in or shortly before 1671, which was not seen before or since. The brightness is consistent with what we expect for the Cas A SN; the date is consistent with the extrapolated motion of the ejecta. We argue that this source could be the long-sought SN...

  2. Charles Darwin and the evolution of human grammatical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckingham, Hugh W; Christman, Sarah S

    2010-04-01

    Charles Darwin's evolutionary theories of animal communication were deeply embedded in a centuries-old model of association psychology, whose prodromes have most often been traced to the writings of Aristotle. His notions of frequency of occurrence of pairings have been passed down through the centuries and were a major ontological feature in the formation of associative connectivity. He focused on the associations of cause and effect, contiguity of sequential occurrence, and similarity among items. Cause and effect were often reduced to another type of contiguity relation, so that Aristotle is most often evoked as the originator of the associative bondings through similarity and contiguity, contiguity being the most powerful and frequent means of association. Contiguity eventually became the overriding mechanism for serial ordering of mental events in both perception and action. The notions of concatenation throughout the association psychology took the form of "trains" of events, both sensory and motor, in such a way that serial ordering came to be viewed as an item-by-item string of locally contiguous events. Modern developments in the mathematics of serial ordering have advanced in sophistication since the early and middle twentieth century, and new computational methods have allowed us to reevaluate the serial concatenative theories of Darwin and the associationists. These new models of serial order permit a closer comparative scrutiny between human and nonhuman. The present study considers Darwin's insistence on a "degree" continuity between human and nonhuman animal serial ordering. We will consider a study of starling birdsongs and whether the serial ordering of those songs provides evidence that they have a syntax that at best differs only in degree and not in kind with the computations of human grammatical structures. We will argue that they, in fact, show no such thing.

  3. The life and significance of Charles Lucas (1713-1771).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, J

    2015-09-01

    Charles Lucas (1713-1771) was one of the most controversial popular politicians to stride the Irish political stage in the eighteenth century. Though the descendant of a beneficiary of the Cromwellian plantation, Lucas's personal inheritance was small, and he was apprenticed in his teens to an apothecary in Dublin. Lucas prospered in that capacity, both as an advocate of higher standards within the profession, and as a representative on the lower house (the common council) of Dublin Corporation. Predisposed to challenge what he perceived as abuses by vested and established interests, Lucas made a name for himself as an outspoken critic of the oligarchical pretensions of the lord mayor and aldermen, which comprised the upper chamber of the Corporation. His successes were few, but he was possessed of a fluent pen, and a precocious awareness that he could best communicate with his natural audience through the use of print. As a result, he became the darling of an emerging popular political interest, which shared his vision of a reformed Protestant constitution. Encouraged by this positive response, Lucas offered himself to the electorate of Dublin in 1749, but though he campaigned vigorously, and polled well, he was not elected. More consequently for Lucas personally, his extension of his critical gaze from the municipality to the larger canvas of national and Anglo-Irish politics elicited the hostile notice of the most powerful figures in the land, which prompted him to flee the country to avoid imprisonment. Lucas was not inactive during his eleven-year 'exile', but these were comparatively quiet years by comparison with his final decade when, following his return to Ireland in 1761, he acquired a national profile as MP for Dublin City, a vigorous advocate, and a tireless proponent of Patriot policies. PMID:25875079

  4. Mitochondrial disorder caused Charles Darwin's cyclic vomiting syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finsterer J

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Josef Finsterer,1 John Hayman21Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftng, Vienna, Austria; 2Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, AustraliaBackground: Charles Darwin (CD, “father of modern biology,” suffered from multisystem illness from early adulthood. The most disabling manifestation was cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS. This study aims at finding the possible cause of CVS in CD.Methods: A literature search using the PubMed database was carried out, and CD's complaints, as reported in his personal writings and those of his relatives, friends, colleagues, biographers, were compared with various manifestations of mitochondrial disorders (MIDs, known to cause CVS, described in the literature.Results: Organ tissues involved in CD's disease were brain, nerves, muscles, vestibular apparatus, heart, gut, and skin. Cerebral manifestations included episodic headache, visual disturbance, episodic memory loss, periodic paralysis, hysterical crying, panic attacks, and episodes of depression. Manifestations of polyneuropathy included numbness, paresthesias, increased sweating, temperature sensitivity, and arterial hypotension. Muscular manifestations included periods of exhaustion, easy fatigability, myalgia, and muscle twitching. Cardiac manifestations included episodes of palpitations and chest pain. Gastrointestinal manifestations were CVS, dental problems, abnormal seasickness, eructation, belching, and flatulence. Dermatological manifestations included painful lips, dermatitis, eczema, and facial edema. Treatments with beneficial effects to his complaints were rest, relaxation, heat, and hydrotherapy.Conclusion: CVS in CD was most likely due to a multisystem, nonsyndromic MID. This diagnosis is based upon the multisystem nature of his disease, the fact that CVS is most frequently the manifestation of a MID, the family history, the variable phenotypic expression between affected family members, the fact that symptoms were triggered by stress

  5. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

    2002-12-01

    This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

  6. Pragmatisme dalam Filsafat Kontemporer: Analisa atas pemikiran Charles S. Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustaqim Mustaqim

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Filsafat menurut bahasa berasal dari Griek (Yunani berasal dari kata Pilos (cinta, Sophos (kebijaksanaan, “Mahabatul Hikmah” pecinta ilmu pengetahuan. Filsafat menurut term: ingin tahu dengan mendalam (cinta pada kebijaksanaan. Phytagoras mengatakan bahwa pengetahuan dalam artinya yang lengkap tidak sesuai untuk manusia . tiap-tiap orang yang mengalami kesukaran-kesukaran dalam memperolehnya dan meskipun menghabiskan seluruh umurnya, namun ia tidak akan mencapai tepinya. Jadi pengetahuan adalah perkara yang kita cari dan kita ambil sebagian darinya tanpa mencakup keseluruhannya. Oleh karena itu, maka kita bukan ahli pengetahuan, melainkan pencari dan pencinta pengetahuan. Secara istilah, Penulis mengutip pendapat Muhtar yahya bahwa berfikir filsafat ialah “pemikiran yang sedalam-dalamnya yang bebas dan teliti bertujuan hanya mencari hakikat kebenaran tentang alam semesta, alam manusia dan dibalik alam”. Pragmatisme dalam Filsafat Kontemporer: Dalam bidang filsafat ilmu, pemikiran Charles Sanders Peirce merupakan suatu hal yang mendasar bagi siapa saja yang berminat mengkaji Islam, karena akar pemikiran studi agama terdapat dalam struktur pemikiran Peirce. Dikenal sebagai perintis dan tokoh utama aliran filsafat pragmatisme.  Pierce juga termasuk salah satu pioner dalam logika matematika abad ke-19.  Secara profesional, ia adalah seorang ilmuwan praktisi ahli geodesi, astronomi, dan kimia. Epistemologi Peirce berlatar belakang prgamatis dan ahli logika, epistemologinya banyak disampaikan melalui logikanya, oleh karenanya epitemologi Peirce digolongkan sebagai epistemologi kontemporer. Peirce dengan filsafat pragmatisme (filsafat bertindak, memandang bahwa; suatu hipotesa dianggap benar apabila mendatangkan manfaat. Pragmatisme dikatagorikan dalam teori kebenaran. Peirce membagi kebenaran menjadi dua, yakni kebenaran transendental dan kebenaran kompleks. Kebenaran kompleks terdiri dari kebenaran etis (psikologis yaitu keselarasan

  7. 探索Jean-Charles de Castelbajac的波普艺术魅力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕙琳; 刘晓刚

    2011-01-01

    一、背景介绍走在时尚世界风头浪尖的设计大师Jean-Charles de Castelbajac令人惊叹的想象力和具有孩童气息的创造能力让他的每一个作品都蕴含着别具一格的特色。如果说同样来自法国的Jean-Paul Gaultier是时装界的坏孩子,那么Jean-Charles de Castelbajac则无疑是时装界的Andy Warhol,

  8. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    OpenAIRE

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-01-01

    Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté...

  9. Complex visual hallucinations in a Parkinson patient: don't blame James if it's Charles's fault.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segers, Kurt

    2013-03-01

    A patient with a history of Parkinson's disease and severe bilateral peripheral vision loss due to vitreous hemorrhages had complex visual hallucinations that persisted for three days and appeared every morning on awakening. The persistent nature of these hallucinations, the patient's preserved insight, and the presence of severe visual impairment was suggestive for Charles Bonnet syndrome rather than Parkinson-related hallucinations. A treatment with carbamazepine was started and proved to be successful. Physicians treating Parkinson patients should be familiar with Charles Bonnet syndrome and consider it as a potential alternative etiology for visual hallucinations, especially when the patient has severely impaired vision and when the hallucinations are sustained during wakefulness.

  10. 78 FR 43751 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Register and transmitted to the Congress. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, July 17, 2013. [FR Doc. 2013... Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, the President declared a national emergency with respect to the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor pursuant to...

  11. 76 FR 43799 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    ....) THE WHITE HOUSE, July 20, 2011. [FR Doc. 2011-18703 Filed 7-20-11; 2:00 pm] Billing code 3195-W1-P ... With Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0; #0... Respect to the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348,...

  12. 75 FR 42281 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect To the Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... 19, 2010. [FR Doc. 2010-17989 Filed 7-20-10; 8:45 am] Billing code 3195-W0-P ... Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor On July 22, 2004, by Executive Order 13348, the President declared a... connected to the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor, pursuant to the International Emergency...

  13. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney: Soldier-Statesmen of the Constitution. A Bicentennial Series, No. 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Army Center of Military History, Washington, DC.

    Charles Cotesworth Pinckney was a wealthy South Carolinian whose profound sense of public duty obliged him to risk everything to assume a mantle of political and military leadership during the period of rebellion. This booklet on Pinckney is one in a series on Revolutionary War soldiers who later signed the U.S. Constitution. The booklet reviews…

  14. 77 FR 42179 - Safety Zone; Fireworks Display, Potomac River, Charles County, Newburg, MD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-18

    ...: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed... life, property and the environment; therefore, a 30-day notice is impracticable. B. Basis and Purpose... located on the Potomac River, adjacent to Gilligan's Pier Restaurant, at Newburg in Charles...

  15. Interview with Charles M. Reigeluth: Applying Instructional Design to Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Charles M. Reigeluth is one of the most contributing and certainly the leading scholars in the field of educational technology and instructional design. His early contributions were about developing instructional design theories such as Elaboration Theory and Component Display Theory. He has also edited monumental books as collections of major ID…

  16. Prints Charles sõdib oma linnakese eest ja halvustajate vastu / Alan Wheatley

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wheatley, Alan

    1998-01-01

    Briti troonipärija prints Charlesi loodud Poundbury uusrajoonist Cornwalli krahvkonnas. 2500 ettenähtud majast on valmis 142. Prints Charlesi eesmärk on järgida rohkem inimeste vajadusi kui planeerimispõhimõtteid. Põhiplaan arhitekt Leon Krier'ilt. Erinevaid arvamusi linnakese kohta, s. h. parlamendi ehituskomitee positiivne hinnang. Prints Charles inglise modernse arhitektuuri kriitikina

  17. Identifying Success Factors of ICT in Developing a Learning Community: Case Study Charles Sturt University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Matthew; Uys, Philip

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: A learning community has been developing in a distributed environment amongst the members of the Centre for Enhancing of Learning and Teaching (CELT) located in the Bathurst, Goulburn and Orange campuses of Charles Sturt University. This group is known by the acronym of GDMOB, with the purpose of the community to facilitate the…

  18. Charles Silberman's "Crisis in the Classroom, The Remaking of American Education": A Critical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costley, Kevin C.

    2009-01-01

    In 1970, journalist and scholar Charles Silberman published "Crisis in the Classroom; the Remaking of American Education." His intended audiences was teachers and students, school board members and taxpayers, public officials and civic leaders, newspaper and magazine editors and readers, television directors and viewers, parents and children.…

  19. Charles C. Fries in Japan: A Case Study in Methodological Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrichsen, Lynn E.

    The success of Charles C. Fries' Oral Approach to teaching English as a second language (ESL) as promoted in Japan by the English Language Exploratory Committee in the late 1950s and early 1960s is examined according to Jack Richards' four major factors that affect the course of a teaching method: appeals to facts; appeals to authority; form of…

  20. Darwin's Other Bulldog: Charles Kingsley and the Popularisation of Evolution in Victorian England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Piers J.

    2012-01-01

    The nineteenth-century Anglican Priest Charles Kingsley (1819-1875) was a significant populariser of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. Kingsley was successful in this regard because he developed such diverse connections throughout his career. In the 1840s he associated with Chartists and radical journalists; in the 1850s and 1860s…

  1. Readings on Charles Dickens. The Greenhaven Press Literary Companion to British Authors. Literary Companion Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swisher, Clarice, Ed.

    Intended as an accessible resource for students researching Great Britain's greatest literary figures, this collection of essays about Charles Dickens's (1812-1870) work contains an in-depth biography and essays taken from a wide variety of sources. The essays are edited to accommodate the reading and comprehension levels of young adults; each…

  2. The Essential Charles Dickens School Resource: Contemporary Approaches to Teaching Classic Texts Ages 7-14

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robins, Gill; Evans-Jones, Laura-Jane

    2012-01-01

    Charles Dickens is arguably the greatest storyteller in English Literature and his novels have been loved and respected for nearly two hundred years. As accurate reflections of Victorian society they are unparalleled. Vivid characters and realistic settings are created in the mind of the reader, all laced with Dickens inimitable humour, wit and…

  3. "A CHRISTMAS CAROL" BY CHARLES DICKENS AS A MEDIATOR WORK AND TYPE OF CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhnovets N. G.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines Charles Dickens’s novel "A Christmas Carol" that correlates with the biblical history and sacred images enshrined in the Western European Figurative Art. This C. Dickens’s novel, based on the Old Testament and the New Testament foundation, promoted the restoration of the Christmas story.

  4. Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia in cavalier King Charles spaniels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rusbridge, C.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is the cumulation of over a decade of study into the pathogenesis and treatment Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia (CM/SM) in the cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS). Chiari-like malformation is a condition where the brain is too big for the skull and is crushed and pushed out t

  5. Projetos de Prefácios de As Flores do Mal, de Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Baudelaire

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O trabalho consiste na tradução dos quatro projetos de prefácios que Baudelaire escreveu para As Flores do Mal, cujos rascunhos foram publicados apenas postumamente. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Charles Baudelaire, As Flores do Mal, Crítica literária, Poesia, Tradução.

  6. 77 FR 23599 - Special Local Regulations for Marine Events; Potomac River, Charles County, MD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small...; Potomac River, Charles County, MD'' in the Federal Register (77 FR 27). We received one comment on the... substantial number of small entities. The term ``small entities'' comprises small businesses,...

  7. 77 FR 67829 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, MT...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-14

    .... Montana State University- 1500 University Drive, 406-657-2011 Billings. Billings, MT 59101. Montana State... Refuge, MT; Availability of Record of Decision for the Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Final... of the message. U.S. mail: Charles M. Russell NWR, P.O. Box 110, Lewistown, MT 59457....

  8. Charles Huntington, Ojibwe Sculptor. With Teacher's Guide. Native Americans of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minneapolis Public Schools, MN.

    A biography for the elementary grades of Charles Huntington (Ojibwe), an American Indian sculptor, includes photographs of the artist and some of his work. A teacher's guide following the bibilography contains information on sculpture and the Ojibwe people, suggested activities for learning about sculpture and sculptors, learning objectives and…

  9. 76 FR 20033 - Robert Charles Ley, D.O. ; Dismissal of Proceeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ... is nothing to revoke.'' Ronald J. Riegel, 63 FR 67132 (1998). While DEA has recognized a limited... William R. Lockridge, 71 FR 77791, 77797 (2006), Respondent has not identified any collateral consequence... Enforcement Administration Robert Charles Ley, D.O. ; Dismissal of Proceeding On September 28, 2009, I,...

  10. Of Roman chariots and goats in overcoats : The syndrome of Charles Bonnet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plummer, Chris; Kleinitz, Anne; Vroomen, Patrick; Watts, Roger

    2007-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a widely under-recognised disorder typically characterised by complex visual hallucinations in the visually impaired. The lack of consensus over a uniform definition for CBS has much to do with the unresolved pathophysiology of the disorder. A leading hypothesis prop

  11. Low awareness of the Charles Bonnet syndrome in patients attending a retinal clinic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singh, Amardeep; Subhi, Yousif; Sørensen, Torben Lykke

    2014-01-01

    Visually impaired patients may experience visual hallucinations due to the Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS). While benign in nature, these hallucinations may cause distress in those unfamiliar with the phenomenon. The overall purpose of this study was to determine the degree of awareness of CBS...

  12. [Transient charles bonnet syndrome after excision of a right occipital meningioma: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Takao; Hasegawa, Yuzuru; Tanaka, Toshihide; Kato, Naoki; Watanabe, Mitsuyoshi; Nakamura, Aya; Murayama, Yuichi

    2014-05-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is a condition characterized by visual hallucinations. These simple or complex visual hallucinations are more common in elderly individuals with impaired peripheral vision. The current report describes a case of transient Charles Bonnet syndrome appearing after the removal of a meningioma. The patient was a 61-year-old man who already had impaired visual acuity due to diabetic retinopathy. Brain MRI revealed a cystic tumor severely compressing the right occipital lobe. Starting on day 2 postoperatively, the patient was troubled by recurring visual hallucinations involving people, flowers, pictures, and familiar settings(the train and a coffee shop). These continued for 3.5 months. This period roughly coincided with the time for the occipital lobe to recover from the compression caused by the tumor, a fact that was confirmed by several MRI scans. ¹²³I-IMP SPECT performed 1 month after the surgical operation showed an area of hypoperfusion in the right parieto-occipital lobe. Based on the patient's clinical course and MRI findings, the mechanism of onset of visual hallucinations in this patient was put forward. The release of pressure in the brain by tumor removal and subsequent recovery changed the blood flow to the brain. This triggered visual hallucinations in the patient, who was already predisposed to developing Charles Bonnet syndrome because of diabetic retinopathy. This case is interesting since it indicates that central neurological factors, as well as visual deficits, may induce the appearance of visual hallucinations in Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  13. 78 FR 18777 - Establishment of the Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... Wilberforce, Ohio; NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by the... identified above, (2) to commemorate the life and accomplishments of Colonel Charles Young, and (3) to... thirty- seventh. (Presidential Sig.) Billing code 3295-F3 ] TD28MR13.009 [FR Doc. 2013-07404 Filed...

  14. George Filz named Charles E. Via Jr. Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Crumbley, Liz

    2007-01-01

    George M. Filz of Blacksburg, professor of civil and environmental engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, was appointed the Charles E. Via Jr. Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors during the board's quarterly meeting August 27.

  15. A Lifetime of Language Testing: An Interview with J. Charles Alderson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunfaut, Tineke

    2014-01-01

    Professor J. Charles Alderson grew up in the town of Burnley, in the North-West of England, and is still based in the North West but in the ancient city of Lancaster. From Burnley to Lancaster, however, lies a journey and a career that took him all around the world to share his knowledge, skills, and experience in language testing and to learn…

  16. Tratamento do neuroma de Morton via plantar: avaliação retrospectiva dos resultados cirúrgicos Norton's neuroma treatment through plantar port: retrospective assessment of surgical outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Caio Augusto de Souza Nery; Rui dos Santos Barroco; Cleber Furlan; Carlos Henrique Tardini; Fabio Serra Cemin; Renan Galas Mombach

    2007-01-01

    Com a finalidade de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica, envolvendo a neurectomia por via plantar, transversa, fora da zona de carga, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 217 pacientes foram submetidos a este tratamento.Um total de 264 pés foram observados, sendo 32,2% no pé direito, 46,1% no pé esquerdo e 21,7% bilateralmente.Quanto ao sexo, foram observadas ocorrências de 86,6% no sexo feminino e 13,4% masculino.Quanto a localização, 83,5% (220 neuromas) estavam presentes no terceiro esp...

  17. Visionäärid ning disaini hälli kiigutajad Charles ja Ray Eames / Katrin Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika disainiklassikute Charles (1907-1978) ja Ray Eamesi (1912-1988) disainitud toolidest. Nende oma majast Californias, mis koosneb tehases valmistatud teras-, vineer- ja klaasdetailidest. Filmidest "Ülevaade Metropolitanist" ja "Powers of Ten"

  18. [Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge : Sentinel plant species field inventory study plan and methods : Summer 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This study plan is for the assessment and adaptive management of environmental processes with sentinel plant species at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge....

  19. Narrative report 1970: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Yellow Water, War Horse & Wild Horse

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1970 calendar year. The report...

  20. Narrative report FY 1977 for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1977 calendar...

  1. Narrative report FY 1978 for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1978 calendar...

  2. Narrative report FY 1974: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1974 fiscal year. The report...

  3. Narrative report FY 1975: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report...

  4. Biology HERO:CHARLES DARWIN%生物学英雄:查尔斯·达尔文

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert Hole; 刘中飞

    2005-01-01

    @@ Charles Darwin did not come up with the idea of evdlution,he was merely the first to come up with an explanation for how evolution worked that explained what he and other biologists saw in the world.

  5. Remembering Charles B. Huggins' Nobel Prize for Hormonal Treatment of Prostatic Cancer at its 50th Anniversary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansson, Nils; Moll, Friedrich; Schultheiss, Dirk; Krischel, Matthis

    2016-06-01

    Charles B. Huggins received the Nobel Prize in 1966. Based on archival sources from the Nobel archive we have found that nominators emphasised the practical therapeutic applications of his discoveries that were showing 25 yr after his key publications.

  6. National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey 2010/2011 : Individual refuge results for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey for Charles M. Russell NWR and is part of the USGS Data Series 643. The survey was conducted to...

  7. [On the creativity of the researcher: the work of Charles Richet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estingoy, Pierette

    2003-01-01

    At the birth of the scientific thoughts, the degree of creativity of the searcher depends on his capacity to extract himself from the previously acquired notions in this domain. The discovery of anaphylaxis, by Charles Richet and Paul Portier, constitutes therefore an epistemological break off, knocking over the theory on organism defences and the universality of the biological response to different stimuli. In the light of the works of Charles Richet on hypnosis, renal physiology, thermoregulation and psychophysiology, we see that the most creative discoveries are also the most unexpected or the most difficult to impose. They require courage and initiative, severity of thought, a radical independence of mind and a certain distance concerning eventual practical consequences.

  8. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté, exprimée de son vivant, par l’auteur lui-même.

  9. Asymmetrical Blood Flow in the Temporal Lobe in the Charles Bonnet Syndrome: Serial Neuroimaging Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Adachi

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Clinical features and results of neuroimagings of an 86 year old woman with the Charles Bonnet syndrome are reported. She had become completely blind bilaterally due to cataracts and glaucoma. Shortly after an operation for cataracts, she developed visual hallucinations which lasted for 22 years. She had no deterioration of intelligence. Computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI showed moderate generalized atrophy, particularly of the temporal lobes. A serial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT study during visual hallucinations demonstrated hyperperfusion in the left temporal region and the basal ganglia and hypoperfusion in the right temporal region. These findings suggest that asymmetrical blood flow, particularly in the temporal regions, may be correlated with visual hallucination in the Charles Bonnet syndrome.

  10. Charles Bonnet syndrome: a literature review into diagnostic criteria, treatment and implications for nursing practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, D F

    2013-03-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome is a disease of vision which may be mistakenly identified as manifestations of psychosis and consequently be treated by psychiatrists and mental health nurses rather than ophthalmologists. This literature review considers current understanding of the syndrome, its treatment and the role of mental health nurses. The two main findings of the review are that despite a long recognition of the syndrome, diagnostic criteria are not established and that there is no recognized evidence-based medical treatment. As well as this, two novel treatments which may offer future benefits are discussed. Current best practice is identified as identifying the condition and providing reassurance and education, a role that mental health nurses that are aware of Charles Bonnet syndrome can fulfil perhaps better than any other discipline.

  11. Catherine the Great in the writings of Charles-Joseph Lamoral, 7th Prince de Ligne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Pychowska

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Charles-Joseph de Ligne (1735-1814, a Wallon and European Prince, subject of the Austro-Hungary Empire, a heartbreaker of the French Europe, is considered the most famous representative of literary cosmopolitanism. War, love and writing were inseparable in his life. He took part in numerous military campaigns, serving both Austria and Russia, as a Russian colonel, a commander of the order of Maria Theresa, and an Austrian fi eld marshal. He authored various texts related to war; he admired heroism of Charles II, Conde, the tactics of Frederick II, the strategies of Napoleon, Catherine II. The latter was immportalized in de Ligne’s various texts representing different literary genres. The Prince was clearly fascinated by the Empress, and he depicted her in a positive light as an educated person, both agreable and determined. Can we, however, talk about the documentary character of his work ? Instead, the Prince seems to be a documentalist-interpreter.

  12. Analysis on the Design Features of CHARLES DARWIN Jumbo TSHD%CHARLES DARWIN号巨型耙吸船设计特点解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪凯; 刘厚恕

    2012-01-01

    CHARLES DARWIN (30500m3) is one of the remarkable Jumbo TSHDs which have been built since the new century,Besides the character of shallow draft,the breakthrough in deadweight and driving mode of this dredger can be obtained.This paper compares the technical and functional differences between this ship type and the similar ship types,The newest achievement in the design of Jumbo TSHD is thus showed,which can be beneficial to the domestic study and development of Jumbo TSHD,%30500m3 CHARLES DARWIN是新世纪以来国外建造的几艘巨型耙吸挖泥船之一,除了浅吃水特性取得显要成功之外,该船在载重能力、驱动方式等诸多设计方面均有新的突破,本文通过该型船与同类型船主要技术形态及性能参数的比较,展示了超大型耙吸船船型设计技术的最新成就,以期对国内业已开展的相关船型的开发研究能有所裨益.

  13. Ray & Charles Eames : aatomid, toolid ja universumi äär / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Californias elanud disainiklassikutest Ray (1912-1988) ja Charles (1907-1978) Eamesist. Kasutasid oma mööbliloomingus lisaks painutatud vineerile alumiiniumi, fiiberklaasi, plastmassi, terastraati. Uuendasid vormikäsitlust, tehnoloogiat. Nende mööbel oli moodsa ja seninägematu väljanägemisega, kerge, lihtsalt töödeldav. Tegelesid ka fotograafia ja filmiga. Näitus Eamesite loomingust on avatud Londoni Disainimuuseumis. Artikli juures illustratsioonid.

  14. El Legado Radical De Charles R. Darwin A Las Ciencias Sociales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel De La Luz Rodríguez.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the theoretical repercussions that Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species has for the Social Sciences. It contrasts Darwin’s epistemological legacy with his precursors in cultural evolutionary theory, mainly Herbert Spencer and Edward B. Tylor. It is argued that Darwin’s most important lessons for the Social Sciences are in his naturalist writings instead of his writings on human evolution per se.

  15. Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities: a case report of posttraumatic stress disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Thomas J; te Wildt, Bert T

    2005-01-01

    In posttraumatic stress disorder, a traumatic event is persistently re-experienced in the form of intrusive recollections, dreams or dissociative flashback episodes; cues to the event lead to distress and are avoided, and there are persistent symptoms of increased arousal. While this diagnostic concept has been widely discussed and its existence questioned, a novel written by Charles Dickens long before it was included in any diagnostic system can be viewed as an early case report of posttraumatic stress disorder. PMID:16269868

  16. On the Emergence of Mental Space in Psychology: Interview With Lucas Albert Charles Derks

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas Albert Charles Derks; Alexandru Ioan Manea

    2016-01-01

    In this interview we have the chance to talk with Lucas Albert Charles Derks, founder of the International Laboratory for Mental Space Research and of the Society for Mental Space Psychology and the creator of the Social Panorama approach, about the paradigm that evolved in the last 25 years, entitled Mental Space Psychology, with roots from Cognitive Linguistics, Spatial Cognition and Neuroscience. Today we shall explore the psychotherapeutic approaches which use the Mental Space Psychology,...

  17. Halb munk : valik tõlkeid / Charles Baudelaire ; tõlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baudelaire, Charles

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: III Ülendus ; VI Majakad ; IX Halb munk ; XI Halb õnn ; XII Eelmine elu ; XVIII Ideaal ; XXIX Raibe ; XXXVI Rõdu ; XXXIX ; XL Semper eadem ; XLIII Elav tõrvik ; LIV Paratamatus ; LVI Sügiselaul ; II ; LXIV Sügissonett ; LXXII Lõbus surnu ; LXXVI Spliin ; LXXVII Spliin ; LXXXIV Parandamatu ; LXXXIX Luik ; XCI Eidekesed ; CI Udud ja vihmad ; CXXI Armastajate surm ; CXXII Vaeste surm ; CXXIII Kunstnike surm ; CXXVI Teekond ; Kaas ; Kuristik. Valik tõlkeid Charles Baudelaire'i "Kurja õitest"

  18. Vom Milch trinkenden Sonnentau (Drosera spec.) zum schlafenden Wassersalat (Pistia spec.): Charles Darwin als Botaniker

    OpenAIRE

    Rutishauser, R

    2009-01-01

    Charles Darwin wird oft nur mit der Evolutionstheorie in Verbindung gebracht. Die vorliegende Arbeit betont Darwins Verdienste bei der Erforschung von Pflanzen. Seine Beobachtungsgabe verbunden mit experimentellem Geschick verhalfen Darwin zu botanischen Entdeckungen, für die wir ihn am 200. Geburtstag ebenso ehren sollten wie für seine mit natürlicher und sexueller Selektion verbundene Evolutionstheorie. Für die Pflanzenzüchtung und damit für die Evolution bedeutsa...

  19. [The North African plague and Charles Nicolle's theory of infectious diseases].

    OpenAIRE

    Ben, Néfissa Kmar; Moulin, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    Many infectious diseases were described in North Africa in 18th-19th centuries by European travellers. Most of them were allegedly imported by new migrant populations coming from sub-Saharan, European or Middle East countries. Plague outbreaks have been described since the Black Death as diseases of the Mediterranean harbours. Charles Nicolle and his collaborators at the Pasteur Institute were witnesses to the extinction of plague and typhus fever in Tunisia. Both could be considered as endem...

  20. Scientific research requires patience——An interview with Charles Hard Townes,Nobel laureate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jason Liu

    2004-01-01

    <正> Charles Hard Townes was born in Greenville, South Carolina, on July 28, 1915. the son of Henry Keith Townes, an attorney, and Ellen (Hard) Townes. He attended the Greenville public schools and then Furman University in Greenville, where he completed the requirements for the Bachelor of Science degree in physics and the Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern Languages, graduating summa cum laude in 1935, at the age of 19. Physics had fascinated him since his first course in the

  1. Political Theory After the Interpretive Turn: Charles Taylor on Knowledge, Values, and Politics

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Naomi

    2010-01-01

    Many stories of the development of political theory in the Anglo-American world in the 20th C could be told to involve many different actors, events, and ideas. This dissertation tells a story that centers on the development of modern liberalism by locating within it the development of the ideas of Charles Taylor (1931-). Taylor's writings on the study of human behavior, the relationship between selfhood and morality, the contemporary relevance of German Romantic philosophy, and the need for...

  2. 查尔斯·凯尔曼(Charles D.Kelman)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建军

    2008-01-01

    查尔斯·凯尔曼(Charles D.Kelman)(左图)系现代白内障超声乳化手术之父,1930年5月23日出生在纽约的Brooklyn,2004年6月1日因患癌症死于弗罗理达的Boca Raton。1950年在波士顿Tufts大学获学士学位,

  3. Charles Dickens and Mark Twain, the English and American Perspective on Child Heroes Portrayal

    OpenAIRE

    JEŘÁBKOVÁ, Vanda

    2015-01-01

    This diploma thesis deals with the portrayal of child heroes in English and American literature, in works of Charles Dickens and Mark Twain. The chosen novels are Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. These novels are analysed in the themes of child labour and poverty, racism, religion, the view of the world by children in contrast to the adult perspective, upbringing and education. The last chapter deals with the humour of both ...

  4. Charles Bonnet syndrome and vitamin B12 deficiency: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourgeois, Valérie; Desbordes, Marie; Follet, Mathieu; Haouzir, Sadeq; Guillin, Olivier

    2010-01-01

    The Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a condition associated with complex visual hallucinations occurring in the elderly in patients with visual impairment and normal mental health. Here, we report the case of a 78-year-old woman who has a limited visual acuity with a CBS that we postulated to be in relationship to a vitamin B12 deficiency. This case is the first report of vitamin B12 deficiency-associated CBS.

  5. Charles Lewis Brook: third Director of the BAA Variable Star Section

    CERN Document Server

    Shears, Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    Charles Lewis Brook, MA, FRAS, FRMetS (1855 - 1939) served as Director of the BAA Variable Star Section from 1910 to 1921. During this time he was not merely interested in collecting the observations of the members (to which he also contributed), but he also spent considerable amounts of time analysing the data and preparing numerous publications on the findings. This paper discusses Brook's life and work, with a particular focus on his contribution to variable star astronomy.

  6. The concept of music evolution in Herbert Spencer’s and Charles Darwin’s theories

    OpenAIRE

    Petrov Ana

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the discourses on music in Herbert Spencer’s and Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution. Even though both Spencer and Darwin construed music as a carrier of the expression of affects and a part of a ubiquitous evolutional process towards ever increasing progress of culture, these authors’ discourses differed from each other in the understanding of the origin and function of music. Darwin considered music as being one of the (natural) means of making a selection dur...

  7. The ethics of authenticity in charles Taylor’s multiculturalist conception

    OpenAIRE

    Gurgel Calvet da Silveira, Carlos Frederico

    2012-01-01

    In the thought of Charles Taylor, the relationship between authenticity and multiculturalism involves fundamental elements of contemporary society, such as the formation of identities, the politics of recognition, the mass communication. Although controversial, these concepts gain harmony and coherence in thought Taylor, thanks to his philosophical method of the historical knowledge of the most important traditions that form the Western thought. The authenticity understood as mere assertion o...

  8. Charles Bonnet syndrome in pseudoexfoliation syndrome%假性剥脱综合征中的Charles Bonnet综合征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S K Tan; W H Wan Hazabbah; A R Asrenee

    2008-01-01

    目的:报道1例进展期假性剥脱性青光眼中的Charles Bonnet综合征.方法:病例报告.结果:一例92岁的马来男性诉2a前出现幻视,并加重2mo.称看见成人及百余儿童生动活泼地出现在不同场合.他甚至有几次看见一只兔子偶尔跑过他的房间.但是,他觉察到这是一种异常的经历.与同年龄人相比,他的认知功能是正常的.精神病学评估包括精神状态检查是正常的.他曾经被诊断患有开角型青光眼,左眼以前接受过常规的白内障手术和小梁切除术.其视力为右眼手动,左眼6/7.5(0.8)伴管状视野.眼底镜检查显示左眼进行性青光眼性视杯加深.目前诊断为右眼大泡性角膜病变合并绝对期青光眼,左眼进展期假性剥脱性青光眼,有功能性滤过泡.结论:对诉有幻视的老年患者,特别是在痴呆和精神病的诊断标准不明确的情况下,诊断通常是很困难的.如果这些患者洞察到不复存在的东西进入其视觉范围,并伴有视觉功能恶化,应高度怀疑患有Charles Bonnet综合征的可能.%AIM: To report a case of Charles Bonnet syndrome in advanced pseudoexfoliative glaucoma.METHODS: Case report.RESULTS: A 92-year-old Malay man presented visual hallucination for 2 years with worsening of his symptoms for the past 2 months. He claimed that he had seen people as well as hundreds of children on separate occasions vividly. He even saw a rabbit running across his room on a few occasions. However, he had insight that this was an abnormal experience. His cognitive function was normal for his age. Psychiatry evaluations including the mental status examination were normal. He was previously diagnosed as open angle glaucoma with history of uneventful cataract surgery and trabeculectomy over his left eye. His vision was hand movement in the right eye and 6/7. 5 in the left eye with tunnel vision.Funduscopy of the left eye showed advanced glaucomatous optic disc cupping. He had right bullous

  9. Report of an Atypical Form of Charles Bonnet Syndrome with Specific Characteristics in a Middle-aged Woman with Major Depressive Disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Ghaffarinejad

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bonnet syndrome is an entity including vivid and complex visual hallucination and has been well known in patients with visual problem. A middle-aged Afghan female refugee with the diagnosis of major depressive disorder who had episodic complex and well formed visual hallucinatory periods with open eyes will be described. She also experienced auditory and olfactory hallucinations associated with visual hallucination. Hallucinatory experiences described in Charles Bonnet syndrome may exist concurrently with psychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder. Olfactory hallucination as a symptom of Charles Bonnet syndrome is reported for the first time in our case. Key words: Major depressive disorder, Charles Bonnet syndrome

  10. The Charles River, Eastern Massachusetts: Scientific Information in Support of Environmental Restoration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiskel, Peter K.

    2007-01-01

    Human activity has profoundly altered the Charles River and its watershed over the past 375 years. Restoration of environmental quality in the watershed has become a high priority for private- and public-sector organizations across the region. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs worked together to coordinate the efforts of the various organizations. One result of this initiative has been a series of scientific studies that provide critical information concerning some of the major hydrologic and ecological concerns in the watershed. These studies have focused upon: * Streamflows - Limited aquifer storage, growing water demands, and the spread of impervious surfaces are some of the factors exacerbating low summer streamflows in headwater areas of the watershed. Coordinated management of withdrawals, wastewater returns, and stormwater runoff could substantially increase low streamflows in the summer. Innovative approaches to flood control, including preservation of upstream wetland storage capacity and construction of a specially designed dam at the river mouth, have greatly reduced flooding in the lower part of the watershed in recent decades. * Water quality - Since the mid-1990s, the bacterial quality of the Charles River has improved markedly, because discharges from combined sewer overflows and the number of illicit sewer connections to municipal storm drains have been reduced. Improved management of stormwater runoff will likely be required, however, for full attainment of State and Federal water-quality standards. Phosphorus inputs from a variety of sources remain an important water-quality problem. * Fish communities and habitat quality - The Charles River watershed supports a varied fish community of about 20 resident and migratory species. Habitat conditions for fish and other aquatic species have improved in many parts of the river system in recent years. However, serious challenges remain

  11. British Reactions to Charles XII’s Stay in the Ottoman Empire

    OpenAIRE

    Costel Coroban

    2011-01-01

    Abstract:In 1709 the Great Northern War took an unfortunate course for Sweden, as following Charles XII’s defeat at Poltava, he was forced to retreat to Bender in the Ottoman Empire, where he would remain for 5 years.. The Swedish King’s retreat in the Ottoman Empire also reverberated in Britain, which at the time was involved in the War for Spanish Succession (1709-1714), and consequently sought for tranquillity at the North and Baltic Sea. While politicians were worried about the Swedish fl...

  12. The Observers Observed: Charles Dickens at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, in 1850

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, A.

    2005-12-01

    In 1850 the magazine Household Words, which Charles Dickens edited, published three articles describing the instruments and workings of the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. These 'popular' articles are invaluable primary sources for the historian of astronomy. They convey some of the Victorian public's fascination with an Institution believed by some to be a lighthouse for night-time shipping on the river Thames; by others, a national repository of 'divining rods' and 'magic mirrors'. Dickens was clearly impressed by the pragmatic usefulness of the Observatory to a commercial and maritime nation, and by seemingly magical, self-acting and recording instruments whereby the wind wrote its own 'Aeolian Autobiography'.

  13. Jürgen Habermas et Charles Taylor : jugement interculturel et critique de la tradition

    OpenAIRE

    Pelabay, Janie

    2007-01-01

    L’article développe une comparaison des positions de Charles Taylor et Jürgen Habermas au regard de l’opposition entre relativisme et universalisme. De par la posture conciliatrice, voire ambivalente, qu’ils tiennent au sein du débat libéraux/communautariens, ces deux auteurs sont ici convoqués dans le but de clarifier ce qui se joue en amont, d’un point de vue théorique, dans les controverses autour du multiculturalisme. Leur ambition commune de « situer la raison » dans les contextes concre...

  14. The sons of Caim: the race of outcasts and disinherited in Walter Benjamin and Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo André Ferreira Martins

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to develop a reflection essay about the philosophical and literary representation concerning the marginalized and oppressed in history, inside the works of Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin. This is to ascertain and analyze how these two authors, from their respective works, allowed the proletariat gradually took the shape of an object and productive character for social and lyrical reflection, thus, in the wake of works as Flowers of Evil, the assumption of themes drawn from a tradition historically long, connected, in turn, by the recent historiographical perspective from below.

  15. [Music as an uninvited guest: the auditive variant of the Charles Bonnet syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuerlings, J H A M; Wijnen, H; Boerman, R; Verwey, B

    2009-01-01

    Visually handicapped patients can be tormented by complex visual hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome). Likewise, deaf patients and patients with impaired hearing can be plagued by auditory hallucinations, mostly involving music. Our article focuses on three female patients who suffered from musical hallucinations. In one of these patients the hallucinations ceased when her hearing was restored. In the second patient the hallucinations ceased when carbamazepine was prescribed. Quetiapine reduced the musical hallucinations in the third patient. The differential diagnoses and therapeutic options are discussed. PMID:19904711

  16. Violencia doméstica y contra las mujeres en las novelas de Charles Dickens

    OpenAIRE

    Andino Lucas, Eugenia

    2016-01-01

    La presente tesis es un estudio panorámico del modo en el que las novelas de Charles Dickens tratan la violencia de género, entendida como violencia contra la mujer por su pareja o ex-pareja, y la violencia sexual. También se tratan los casos menos frecuentes en los que las agresoras son personajes femeninos, para dar una visión de conjunto de la violencia en la pareja en la obra del autor. Se parte de un análisis de los roles sociales victorianos del hombre y la mujer que tenían un marcado c...

  17. 网状数据库之父——Charles Bachman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏椰

    2011-01-01

    今天我们要介绍的人物,出身于二战,他来自美国陆军防空高炮师,名叫Charles Bachman。战争结束后,Bachman进入密歇根大学,1948年获得机械工程学士学位,1950年获得宾夕法尼亚大学硕士学位,同年获得沃顿商学院MBA学位。随后他加入密歇根州的陶氏化工。

  18. Charles Baudelaire y la fotografía: el ojo-cámara del poeta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana de Cabo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Charles Baudelaire’s «Tableaux parisiens» and Le Spleen de Paris, an eye-camera that takes pictures of reality operates in a latent way. This photographic metaphor allows the poet to capture the Parisian landscape to fix it in the positive of poetry. In this article we analyze Baudelairian poetics by an interdisciplinary perspective that combines the language of literature and photography. We will use as theoretical framework Philippe Hamon’s semiological approach and Walter Benjamin Marxist theory.

  19. “A Classic for the Elders”: Marketing Charles and Mary Lamb in the Nineteenth Century

    OpenAIRE

    Harvey, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Mary and Charles Lamb’s Tales from Shakespear (1807) is generally taken as the starting point for the subgenre of “children’s Shakespeare,” in that it is an adaptation of Shakespeare’s plays aimed at young children which promises to entertain as well as to educate its young readers. The Tales have never been out of print since 1807 and they continue to exert an influence over other authors who adapt Shakespeare for children, both in their choice of plays to adapt and in their translation of t...

  20. What became of Arthur Conan Doyle's father? The last years of Charles Altamont Doyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beveridge, A

    2006-10-01

    This paper examines the fate of Arthur Conan Doyle's father, Charles Altamont Doyle, a Victorian illustrator, who spent his last years as an asylum inmate. Based on new archival research, it looks at the reasons for his institutionalisation and what befell him during his stay. It will consider Doyle's claim that he was wrongfully confined and also the suggestion that his family were responsible for having him committed. Finally, the paper will examine the nature of Doyle's condition and the creative work he produced whilst an asylum inmate.

  1. Eye-related visual hallucinations: Consider ′Charles Bonnet syndrome′

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilgun Cinar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS is typically characterized by visual hallucinations in elderly people without cognitive defects. This article presents the case of an 80-year-old male patient with a one-year history of visual hallucinations, secondary to glaucoma, in both eyes. Neither a dopamine agonist nor cholinesterase inhibitor therapy improved his symptoms. In this case, the hallucinations were gradually improved after administration of a GABAergic drug, pregabalin, for diabetic polyneuropathy. Placebo-controlled clinical trials would be needed to support this effect of pregabalin, as suggested by this association.

  2. 具有相关波动因子的广义随机波动HJM模型%Generalized Heath-Jarrow-Morton model with stochastic volatility and correlated factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宝臣; 苏云鹏

    2011-01-01

    基于Heath-Jarrow-Morton( HJM)模型框架,将远期利率波动率设定为服从广义均值回归平方根过程的随机变量,以刻画隐性随机波动因子的动态特性,并通过将漂移项限制条件推广至波动因子之间,以及利率波动率的变化与利率变动之间存在相关性情况,建立了广义的多因子HJM模型.在该模型框架下,基于一类特定波动率设定形式将风险中性概率测度下的收益率曲线表示为服从仿射扩散过程的有限维状态向量的函数形式,并推导出零息债券的准解析定价公式.并且,基于市场风险价格的广义仿射设定形式,将以上结果推广至现实概率测度下.%Heath-Jarrow-Morton model is generalized by extending the no-arbitrage drift restriction with nonze ro instantaneous correlations between volatility factors and setting forward rate volatilities subject to generalized mean-reverting square-root processes and correlated with innovations to forward rates. In the framework above, the dynamics of the term structure under the risk-neutral probability measure are described in terms of a finite number of state variables that jointly follow an affine diffusion process under a certain volatility specification, and a quasi-analytical formula for zero coupon bond prices is derived based on transform techniques. Then the result is further generalized to the case under the actual probability measure through the extended affine market price of risk specification.

  3. Charles Darwin's beagle voyage, fossil vertebrate succession, and "the gradual birth & death of species".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkman, Paul D

    2010-01-01

    The prevailing view among historians of science holds that Charles Darwin became a convinced transmutationist only in the early spring of 1837, after his Beagle collections had been examined by expert British naturalists. With respect to the fossil vertebrate evidence, some historians believe that Darwin was incapable of seeing or understanding the transmutationist implications of his specimens without the help of Richard Owen. There is ample evidence, however, that he clearly recognized the similarities between several of the fossil vertebrates he collected and some of the extant fauna of South America before he returned to Britain. These comparisons, recorded in his correspondence, his diary and his notebooks during the voyage, were instances of a phenomenon that he later called the "law of the succession of types." Moreover, on the Beagle, he was following a geological research agenda outlined in the second volume of Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology, which implies that paleontological data alone could provide an insight into the laws which govern the appearance of new species. Since Darwin claims in On the Origin of Species that fossil vertebrate succession was one of the key lines of evidence that led him to question the fixity of species, it seems certain that he was seriously contemplating transmutation during the Beagle voyage. If so, historians of science need to reconsider both the role of Britain's expert naturalists and the importance of the fossil vertebrate evidence in the development of Darwin's ideas on transmutation. PMID:20665232

  4. General Charles F. Bolden, Jr. and Professor Claude Nicollier reunite during visit to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Jordan Juras

    2011-01-01

    Thursday 23 June, CERN saw an unlikely and much savoured meeting between two old colleagues and friends: General Charles F. Bolden, Jr. and Professor Claude Nicollier.   Bolden and Nicollier were separately invited to CERN for different reasons - Charles Bolden had been invited by Professor Samuel Ting to visit the newly built and now fully operational Payload Operation and Control Centre of the AMS collaboration and Claude Nicollier had been invited by the Theory Department to give a colloquium. They were delightfully surprised when they met at the entrance of the main building. Bolden and Nicollier served together in the Space Shuttle Program and were trained by NASA during the 1980’s where they became close friends. On 24 April, 1990, Bolden piloted the Space Shuttle Discovery into orbit with the Hubble telescope in the payload bay. Though Nicollier did not accompany Bolden during the Hubble launch, he did return to the telescope 3 years later on board the Space Shuttle Ende...

  5. What associates Charles Bonnet syndrome with age-related macular degeneration?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vojniković, Bozo; Radeljak, Sanja; Dessardo, Sandro; Zarković-Palijan, Tija; Bajek, Goran; Linsak, Zeljko

    2010-04-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a condition related to patients with visual loss due to age related macular degeneration or glaucoma that are having complex visual hallucinations. The CBS was first described by Swiss physician Charles Bonnet in 1760. Affected patients, who are otherwise mentally healthy people with significant visual loss, have vivid, complex recurrent visual hallucinations (VHs). One characteristic of these hallucinations is that they usually are "Lilliputian hallucinations" as patients experience micropsia (hallucinations in which the characters or objects are distorted and much smaller than normal). The prevalence of Charles Bonnet Syndrome has been reported to be between 10% and 40%; a recent Australian study has found the prevalence to be 17.5%. The high incidence of non-reported CBS is thought to be as a result of patient's fear to report the symptoms as they could be labeled as mentally insane since those type of visual hallucinations could be found in variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders such as drug or alcohol abuse (delirium tremens), Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS), psychosis, schizophrenia, dementia, narcolepsy, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, brain tumors, migraine, as well as, in long term sleep deprivation. VHs can also be presented as the initial sign of the Epstein-Barr virus infection in infectious mononucleosis. Patients who suffer from CBS usually possess insight into the unreality of their visual experiences, which are commonly pleasant but may sometimes cause distress. The hallucinations consist of well-defined, organized, and clear images over which the subject has little control. It is believed that they represent release phenomena due to deafferentiation of the visual association areas of the cerebral cortex, leading to a form of phantom vision. Cognitive defects, social isolation, and sensory deprivation have also been implicated in the etiology of this condition. This study was conducted on 350 patients

  6. A Life of Learning: Nancy Siraisi. Charles Homer Haskins Prize Lecture for 2010. ACLS Occasional Paper, No. 67

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Council of Learned Societies, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Nancy Siraisi has been a prolific and leading scholar in the history of medicine and science of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. This lecture of hers is the twenty-eighth of series of lectures named for Charles Homer Haskins, first chairman of the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) and himself a famed medievalist who brought…

  7. Sir Charles Alfred Ballance (1856-1936) and the introduction of facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Graaf, Robert C.; Ijpma, Frank F. A.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.

    2009-01-01

    Sir Charles Ballance (1856-1936) was the first surgeon in history to perform a facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895. Although, recently, several papers on the history of facial nerve surgery have been published, little is known about this historically important operation, the theoretical reaso

  8. London through Rose-Colored Graphics: Visual Rhetoric and Information Graphic Design in Charles Booth's Maps of London Poverty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Miles A.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, I examine a historical information graphic--Charles Booth's maps of London poverty (1889-1902)--to analyze the cultural basis of ideas of transparency and clarity in information graphics. I argue that Booth's maps derive their rhetorical power from contemporary visual culture as much as from their scientific authority. The visual…

  9. Charles Hamilton Houston: The Legal Scholar Who Laid the Foundation for Integrated Higher Education in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blight, David W.

    2002-01-01

    Presents the story of Charles Hamilton Houston, an African American legal scholar who led a crusade focused on equal educational opportunities and facilities for African American students. He used the courts to force Americans to listen to his message about racial subjugation, segregation, and lynch law. (SM)

  10. Remembering Charles B. Huggins' Nobel Prize for Hormonal Treatment of Prostatic Cancer at its 50th Anniversary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansson, Nils; Moll, Friedrich; Schultheiss, Dirk; Krischel, Matthis

    2016-06-01

    Charles B. Huggins received the Nobel Prize in 1966. Based on archival sources from the Nobel archive we have found that nominators emphasised the practical therapeutic applications of his discoveries that were showing 25 yr after his key publications. PMID:26838478

  11. Metamorphic conditions during formation of a metapelitic sillimanite-garnet gneiss from Clemence Massif, Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corvino, A.F.; Boger, S.D.; Wilson, C.J.L.

    2007-01-01

    The pressure (P) and temperature (T) conditions during metamorphism of a metapelitic sillimanite-garnet gneiss from Clemence Massif, Antarctic Prince Charles Mountains, are estimated using mineral abundance information and petrogenetic P–T pseudosections computed in the chemical system MnO–N2O–CaO–K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–

  12. The Beginning of "Free Money" Ideology in American Universities: Charles W. Eliot at Harvard, 1869-1909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Bruce A.; Johnson, Benjamin Ashby

    2012-01-01

    Rather than banking enormous gifts, Harvard University built its wealth by adhering to a coherent strategy that gradually became the common sense--the prevailing ideology--of how to build and maintain the wealth of private universities. President Charles W. Eliot formulated this "free money" strategy over the course of his administration from 1869…

  13. British Reactions to Charles XII’s Stay in the Ottoman Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costel Coroban

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:In 1709 the Great Northern War took an unfortunate course for Sweden, as following Charles XII’s defeat at Poltava, he was forced to retreat to Bender in the Ottoman Empire, where he would remain for 5 years.. The Swedish King’s retreat in the Ottoman Empire also reverberated in Britain, which at the time was involved in the War for Spanish Succession (1709-1714, and consequently sought for tranquillity at the North and Baltic Sea. While politicians were worried about the Swedish fleet, a worry which only aggravated after George I’s accession to the British thrones in 1714, writers such as Daniel Defoe and others could not refrain from expressing their admiration for the ‘Warrior King’ Charles XII. Soon after his return, Charles XII would even be associated with the Jacobite faction, rival to the House of Hanover which at the time ruled Britain. The purpose of this paper is to offer an overview of the whole spectrum of British publications and reactions regarding Charles XII’s sojourn in the Ottoman Empire, during his stay’s duration (1709-1714 and up to his death and the immediately subsequent period. Rezumat: În 1709, Marele Război Nordic a urmat un curs nefericit pentru Suedia deoarece ca urmare a înfrângerii lui Carol al XII-lea la Poltava, el a fost forţat să se retragă la Bender, în Imperiul Otoman, unde va rămâne timp de 5 ani. Retragerea regelui suedez în Imperiul Otoman a avut, de asemenea, reverberaţii în Marea Britanie, care la acea vreme era implicată în războiul de succesiune spaniol (1709-1714, şi, prin urmare, căuta liniştea la Marea Nordului şi la Marea Baltică. În timp ce politicienii erau îngrijoraţi de flota suedeză, o îngrijorare care doar s-a accentuat după urcarea lui George I pe tronul britanic în 1714, scriitori cum ar fi Daniel Defoe şi alţii nu au putut să se abţină de la exprimarea admiraţiei lor pentru „războinicul rege” Carol al XII-lea. Curând după

  14. Notch-free vermillion after unilateral cleft lip repair: The Charles Pinto centre protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narayanan P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A notch on the vermillion is one of the most common complications following the repair of a unilateral cleft lip. Several methods have been described for the secondary correction of a notch. However, there are only a few reports on how the notch can be prevented during primary lip repair. Causes of a vermillion notch were analysed at the Charles Pinto Centre for Cleft Lip and Palate and each possible cause addressed by an appropriate procedure. This protocol was then followed in every patient. In this manner, we have been able to avoid notches in unilateral cleft lips altogether and more significantly, junior trainees in our department have also been able to consistently avoid a notch in their repairs.

  15. Sir Charles Sherrington's the integrative action of the nervous system: a centenary appreciation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Robert E

    2007-04-01

    In 1906 Sir Charles Sherrington published The Integrative Action of the Nervous System, which was a collection of ten lectures delivered two years before at Yale University in the United States. In this monograph Sherrington summarized two decades of painstaking experimental observations and his incisive interpretation of them. It settled the then-current debate between the "Reticular Theory" versus "Neuron Doctrine" ideas about the fundamental nature of the nervous system in mammals in favor of the latter, and it changed forever the way in which subsequent generations have viewed the organization of the central nervous system. Sherrington's magnum opus contains basic concepts and even terminology that are now second nature to every student of the subject. This brief article reviews the historical context in which the book was written, summarizes its content, and considers its impact on Neurology and Neuroscience.

  16. Charles Sanders Peirce and the Abduction of Einstein: On the Comprehensibility of the World

    CERN Document Server

    de Waal, Cornelis

    2016-01-01

    Einstein was deeply puzzled by the success of natural science, and thought that we would never be able to explain it. He came to this conclusion on the ground that we cannot extract the basic laws of physics from experience using induction or deduction, and he took this to mean that they cannot be arrived at in a logical manner at all. In this paper I use Charles Peirce's logic of abduction, a third mode of reasoning different from deduction and induction, and show that it can be used to explain how laws in physics are arrived at, thereby addressing Einstein's puzzle about the incomprehensible comprehensibility of the universe. Interpreting Einstein's reflections in terms of Peirce's abduction also sheds light on abduction itself, by seeing it applied in an area where our common sense, and with that our intuitions, give us little or no guidance, and is even prone to lead us astray.

  17. Plot and Pattern (Ⅱ)in Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗翠丽; 杨秀华

    2002-01-01

    假如说情节是小说家构造小说的灵魂,那么模式就是灵魂起飞的双翼.而适度巧合的运用更增添了灵魂活现的筹码.查理狄更斯的著作〈雾都孤儿〉在这一方面体现得淋漓尽致.%If plot is a soul organized by a novelist ,pattern should be the two taking-off wings of the soul. But the usage of suitable coincidence increases energy and activity of the soul. Oliver Twist written by Charles Dickens in this way,is a better work of which embodies this kind of plot and pattern.

  18. Charles Dickens and Barnaby Rudge: The First Description of Williams Syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eblovi, Darren; Clardy, Christopher

    2016-02-01

    Williams syndrome, a disorder caused by a genetic deletion and characterized by moderate intellectual disability with relatively strong language skills and a hypersocial personality, was first described in the medical literature in 1961. However, 120 years earlier, Charles Dickens wrote the novel Barnaby Rudge, which follows an "idiot" through London's Gordon Riots of 1780. We propose that Dickens based this character on a person he knew with Williams syndrome. Common features include an "elfin" face, decreased cognitive ability and dependence on a caretaker, strong language skills with emphatic and perseverative speech, anxiety, and an empathetic, overly trusting personality. In the novel, these traits lead the character Barnaby to be duped into actively participating in the riots, which nearly results in his hanging. This example of fiction providing a description of a disorder more detailed than that of medical journals more than a century later should encourage physicians to look to sources beyond traditional scientific articles for valuable clinical information. PMID:26878187

  19. Récits de voyage, fiction et voyageurs fictifs dans American Notes de Charles Dickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie VANFASSE

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Dickens effectua sa première visite aux Etats-Unis de janvier à juin 1842. Ce séjour inclut un mois au Canada. À la suite de ce voyage, le romancier publia American Notes qui parurent la même année. Dans son ouvrage intitulé Innocent Abroad : Charles Dickens’s American Engagements (1990, Jerome Meckier énumère les récits de voyage consacrés aux Etats-Unis que Dickens est supposé avoir consultés ou lus avant son propre périple : Diary in America (1839 du Capitaine Frederick Marryat, Observat...

  20. Plot and Pattern(Ⅰ) In Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀华; 田树森; 金彦海

    2002-01-01

    假若说情节是小说家的灵魂,那么模式就是灵魂起飞的双翼,而适度巧合的运用更增添了灵魂活现的筹码.查理·狄更斯的著作在这方面表现得淋漓尽致.%If plot is the soul organized novel by a novelist, pattern should be the two taking-off wings of the soul. But the usage of suitable coincidence increases energy and activity of soul. Oliver Twist written by Charles Dickens in this way,is a better work of which embodies this kind of plot and pattern.

  1. The flavour of ideas. Synaesthesia and ideasthesia in Charles Baudelaire’s Correspondences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuzanna Kozłowska

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article constitutes a re-reading of Charles Baudelaire’s Correspondences in the light of the controversial concept of ideasthesia. The author proposes that the sonnet operates on three levels of sensory cognition: an initial stage of rational sensory segmentation, a subsequent synaesthetic fusion of odours, sounds and colours, and finally – an ideasthetic synthesis of feeling and knowing.  The final stage of sensory processing triumphantly concludes the Symbolist quest for an elusive “beyond”, approximating the material and the ideal – the mechanism of which resembles an ideasthetic processing of sensory data. The poem mirrors the cognitive optimism characteristic of Baudelaire’s early thinking, soon to dissipate into melancholic (or Manichean cognitive bankruptcy.

  2. Parcours et détours de Charles Doughty en Arabie Déserte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine DELMAS

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans son ouvrage publié en 1888, Travels in Arabia Deserta, Charles Doughty se présente comme un marcheur qui a arpenté le globe, “a sâiehh”, “a walker about the world” (I 322. Ses voyages l’ont déjà mené en Norvège, au Sahara algérien et à travers la Syrie, le Liban, la Palestine et l’Egypte lorsqu’il entreprend de parcourir le désert du nord-ouest de l’Arabie pour explorer la région de Medáin Salîh qu’il n’a pas pu visiter lors de ses voyages précédents mais dont il a entendu parler. Son r...

  3. Parcours et détours de Charles Doughty en Arabie Déserte

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine DELMAS

    2012-01-01

    Dans son ouvrage publié en 1888, Travels in Arabia Deserta, Charles Doughty se présente comme un marcheur qui a arpenté le globe, “a sâiehh”, “a walker about the world” (I 322). Ses voyages l’ont déjà mené en Norvège, au Sahara algérien et à travers la Syrie, le Liban, la Palestine et l’Egypte lorsqu’il entreprend de parcourir le désert du nord-ouest de l’Arabie pour explorer la région de Medáin Salîh qu’il n’a pas pu visiter lors de ses voyages précédents mais dont il a entendu parler. Son r...

  4. Review of Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from Data by Charles Wheelan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael T. Catalano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Wheelan, Charles. Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from Data (New York, NY, W. W. Norton & Company, 2014. 282 pp. ISBN 978-0-393-07195-5 In his review of What Numbers Say and The Numbers Game, Rob Root (Numeracy 3(1: 9 writes “Popular books on quantitative literacy need to be easy to read, reasonably comprehensive in scope, and include examples that are thought-provoking and memorable.” Wheelan’s book certainly meets this description, and should be of interest to both the general public and those with a professional interest in numeracy. A moderately diligent learner can get a decent understanding of basic statistics from the book. Teachers of statistics and quantitative literacy will find a wealth of well-related examples and stories to use in their classes.

  5. Yves-Charles Grandjeat. John Edgar Wideman. Le feu et la neige.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Cochoy

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available John Edgar Wideman, auteur noir américain contemporain, est généralement connu en France pour la complexité de son écriture. L’œuvre de Wideman paraît en effet déroutante : le brouillage vertigineux des repères narratifs, la porosité des frontières entre réalité et fiction, la dislocation soudaine de la syntaxe, emportée par la violence d’un témoignage ou par la pulsation d’un blues, brisent les modes de pensée et de lecture traditionnels. Or, selon Yves-Charles Grandjeat, auteur de ce très b...

  6. Charles Dickens y el Londres de Baroja y Pérez de Ayala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío G. Sumillera

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo explora la visión de la ciudad de Londres que Benito Pérez Galdós, Pío Baroja y Ramón Pérez de Ayala construyen a través de la lectura de las obras de su admirado Charles Dickens y de sus propias visitas a la ciudad en un proceso que se puede denominar “descubrimiento por reconocimiento”. En particular, el artículo discute las impresiones y la percepción de Londres por Pío Baroja, analizando para ello fragmentos de, no sólo La ciudad de la niebla y sus Memorias, como ha sido habitual en estudios comparativos anteriores, sino de, también, Los impostores joviales, Laura, o La soledad sin remedio, "Los espectros del castillo", y El hotel del cisne.

  7. Naturalizing semiotics: The triadic sign of Charles Sanders Peirce as a systems property

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kilstrup, Mogens

    2015-01-01

    The father of pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce, gave in 1903 the following definition of a sign: "A Sign, or Representamen, is a First which stands in such a genuine triadic relation to a Second, called its Object, as to be capable of determining a Third, called its Interpretant, to assume...... versus specific semiotic scaffolds for molecular biosemiotics, biosemiotics and semiotics proper, I start with a generic definition of the three-dimensional sign system, using human semiosis as examples. After this, the major part of the paper, I define the specific biochemical and evolutionary scaffolds......, irrespective of the fact that relevant Objects of the sign may never be encountered after establishment. A simplified scheme for computer neural network algorithms is introduced as an example of such a system. Since the Peircean sign according to this definition is a systems property, there can be no sign...

  8. Advanced electrocardiography can predict mitral regurgitation in cavalier king charles spaniels with myxomatous mitral valve disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spiljak, Maja; Petric, Alexandra; Olsen, Lisbeth Høier;

    2011-01-01

    . Clinic for Surgery and Small Animal Medicine, Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. 3. Department of Basic Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. 4. Quality Control Department, Metallurgical and Chemical Industry Cinkarna Celje, INC......ADVANCED ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY CAN PREDICT MITRAL REGURGITATION IN CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIELS WITH MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE. M Spiljak1, AD Petric2, LH Olsen3, A Stepancic4, T Falk3, CE Rasmussen3, V Starc1. 1. Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. 2......., Slovenia Recently, multiple advanced resting electrocardiographic (ECG) techniques have been applied in humans for detection of cardiac autonomic and repolarisation function. This has improved the diagnostic and/or prognostic value of short-time ECG in detection of common human cardiac diseases even before...

  9. Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguished Teaching of Psychology: Sue Frantz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The American Psychological Foundation (APF) Charles L. Brewer Distinguished Teaching of Psychology Award recognizes an outstanding career contribution to the teaching of psychology. The 2016 recipient of the Distinguished Teaching Award is Sue Frantz. Dorothy W. Cantor, president of the APF, will present the Distinguished Teaching Award at the 124th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association on August 5, 2016, at 4:00 p.m. Members of the 2016 APF Board of Trustees are Dorothy W. Cantor, president; David H. Barlow, vice president; Melba J. T. Vasquez, secretary; Richard C. McCarty, treasurer; Elisabeth R. Straus, executive vice president/executive director; Cynthia Belar; Camilla Benbow; Rosie Phillips Bingham; Connie S. Chan; Anthony Jackson; Terence M. Keane; Archie L. Turner; W. Bruce Walsh; and Bonnie Markham and Rick McGraw, APA Board of Directors liaisons. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27504572

  10. Charles Bally précurseur d’une linguistique cognitive de l’énonciation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdou Elimam

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Une lecture de Bally hors des filtres structuralistes et post saussuriens peut donner lieu à de nombreuses surprises. Partant d’une hypothèse longuement mûrie, nous proposons de dégager un argumentaire ballyen en faveur d’une linguistique cognitive – avant l’heure – de l’énonciation. En relisant sans hâte certains textes – pourtant largement discutés par bien des critiques - nous montrons comment Charles Bally a tenté d’ouvrir un espace théorique inédit sous l’appellation de « stylistique ». Nous confrontons quelques principes théoriques à des réflexions contemporaines en neurosciences cognitives (A. Damasio et J.-P. Changeux, en l’occurrence et en théorie linguistique (N. Chomsky, notamment. Le concept d’actualisation servira de tremplin à une telle tentative.

  11. Astronaut Charles M. Duke, Jr., in shadow of Lunar Module behind ultraviolet camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    Astronaut Charles M. Duke, Jr., lunar module pilot, stands in the shadow of the Lunar Module (LM) behind the ultraviolet (UV) camera which is in operation. This photograph was taken by astronaut John W. Young, mission commander, during the mission's second extravehicular activity (EVA-2). The UV camera's gold surface is designed to maintain the correct temperature. The astronauts set the prescribed angles of azimuth and elevation (here 14 degrees for photography of the large Magellanic Cloud) and pointed the camera. Over 180 photographs and spectra in far-ultraviolet light were obtained showing clouds of hydrogen and other gases and several thousand stars. The United States flag and Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) are in the left background. While astronauts Young and Duke descended in the Apollo 16 Lunar Module (lm) 'Orion' to explore the Descartes highlands landing site on the Moon, astronaut Thomas K. Mattingly II, command module pilot, remained with the Command and Service Modules (csm) 'Casper' in lunar orbit.

  12. The professionalisation of Irish medicine in the generations before Charles Lucas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, M A

    2015-09-01

    The educational opportunities and qualifications, corporate structures and regulation that had become accepted features of the Irish medical profession in the era of Charles Lucas were the fruits of a slow process of professionalization initiated by a handful of Irish medics who, from the 1620s, began tackling poor standards of medical practice in an era of medical pluralism. This paper begins by reviewing the standard of practice in early seventeenth-century Ireland. Through the examples of Thomas Arthur, M.D. and John Clavell, a self-styled medic, differences in the approaches adopted by university-trained physicians and unorthodox practitioners are highlighted. The succession of significant steps taken in this professionalization process are traced, with particular emphasis on the failed attempt to establish a Royal College of Physicians in Dublin during the mid-1620s and the importance of the influx of English physicians in the 1650s for the creation of permanent corporate structures and regulation.

  13. 'This excellent observer ...': the correspondence between Charles Darwin and James Crichton-Browne, 1869-75.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearn, Alison M

    2010-06-01

    Between May 1869 and December 1875, Charles Darwin exchanged more than 40 letters with James Crichton-Browne, superintendent of the West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum, Wakefield, Yorkshire. This paper charts their relationship within the context of Darwin's wider research networks and methods; it analyses the contribution that Crichton-Browne made to the writing of Expression, arguing that the information he provided materially affected Darwin's thesis, and that it was partly the need to assimilate this that led Darwin to publish Expression separately from Descent. The letters help to reconstruct Crichton-Browne's early research interests, and document Darwin's little-explored role as a patron. Both men are revealed within a collaborative scientific network, with each of them at various times a beneficiary or a promoter.

  14. Charles Bonnet Syndrome Following Trans-Sphenoidal Adenomectomy without Optic Nerve Atrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jang-Ho; Ahn, Joon-Ho; Park, Jun-Bum

    2016-01-01

    Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) can develop after trans-sphenoidal adenomectomy (TSA); however, the neural mechanisms remain unknown. Sensory deprivation and releasing phenomenon are both hypothetical explanations for this condition; however, there is no definite evidence that strongly supports either supposition. We report the first case of CBS after TSA without optic nerve atrophy. Postoperatively, the patient's vision seemed to be relatively well preserved, apart from the left-side hemianopsia in the right eye. Distinctive visual hallucinations only appeared when his eyes were closed, and these responded to quetiapine in a dose-dependent manner. Dose dependent change in colors and formation of hallucination was reported. Two weeks after quetiapine initiation, the patient's CBS was completely resolved. This unique case suggests that blocking sensory input from the periphery is more critical than neural damage of the bottom-up connection to the visual association cortex. In addition, quetiapine should be considered as a specific treatment for CBS. PMID:27757139

  15. Les femmes et le langage selon Charles Bally: "des moments de décevante inadvertance"?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durrer, Sylvie

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Les problématiques rassemblées parfois sous la désignation de "Language and Gender" figurent également dans les publications du linguiste suisse Charles Bally. Cet axe de réflexion, qui n’a guère été remarqué dans son œuvre, mérite d’être mis en lumière, non pas pour faire de Bally un féministe avant l’heure, mais simplement, parce qu’il nous semble important de documenter l’histoire d’une problématique en plein essor. Cet article a donc pour objectif de montrer que la question du traitement des femmes et du féminin par la langue française suscite de nombreuses réflexions dès la fin du XIXe. Il s’agira de procéder à une histoire critique d’un épisode de la "linguistique générique", afin de voir si les actuelles thématiques de cette orientation sont abordées, sous quels aspects, dans quels contextes, avec quels résultats, etc. On pourrait alors être surpris-e de découvrir que Charles Bally n’était pas un cas isolé, mais qu’un grand nombre de contemporains (Nyrop, Brunot, Vendryès, Damourette & Pichon, Dauzat, etc., se sont eux aussi interrogés, plus ou moins longuement, sur les rapports entre les femmes, le féminin et le langage. Les réflexions "génériques" de Bally et de ses confrères ne sauraient donc être regardées comme de simples "moments décevante inadvertance".

  16. Romantic Novel “Jean Sbogar” by Charles Nodier in Dostoevsky’s Creative Reception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakubova R. H.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of the impact of traditions of romantic literature on Dostoevsky’s novel “The Idiot” is examined in the article. The author points out that the attitude of Russian novelist towards the phenomena of the outgoing culture was essentially devoid of dogmatism: the very approach to different cultural trends and styles was always notable for amazing flexibility and diversity. A novel by Charles Nodier, “Jean Sbogar”, is considered as one of the precedent texts. Its motivic repertoire is reproduced in full in the novel by F. Dostoevsky. A comparison of the protagonist of the French novel, Jean Sbogar, which is depicted in two masks, with the main characters of the novel “The Idiot” Prince Myshkin and Rogozhin, suggests that, starting from a given source, Dostoevsky developed Nodier’s art idea. Russian writer abandoned the principle of a split personality in favor of representation of two heroes that are fighting and, at the same time, there is a mystical connection between them. Comparison between Myshkin and angel-like Lothario and between Rogozhin and the rogue Jean Sbogar once again confirms the idea that in Dostoevsky’s novel there is an introduction of high philosophical symbolism in realism: “splitting” a romantic image sends a thoughtful reader to the Gospel legend about Christ and the robber. Thus, reading of the images of "The Idiot" through the prism of romantic novels of Charles Nodier detects correlation not only between the plot of the novel and literary tradition, but also between the plot and the Christian symbolism. Someone else's text not only becomes Dostoevsky’s material for improvisation, but also serves as a secret pointer to the reader and reconstructs his cultural memory.

  17. 探索Jean-Charles de Castelbajac的波普艺术魅力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕙琳; 刘晓刚

    2011-01-01

    @@ 一、背景介绍 走在时尚世界风头浪尖的设计大师Jean-Charles deCastelbajac令人惊叹的想象力和具有孩童气息的创造能力让他的每一个作品都蕴含着别具一格的特色.如果说同样来自法国的Jean-Paul Gaultier是时装界的坏孩子,那么Jean-Charles deCastelbajac则无疑是时装界的Andy Warhol,他是一位具有典型法兰西式激情的设计师,享受于创造一种雅俗共赏的浮华的波普艺术,他的作品大都富有人文关怀的气息,以幽默诙谐的时尚语汇和丰富绚烂的色彩著称,他的设计的独特之处不仅仅在于将时尚作为传播社会文化、社会以及个人精神的载体,更值得注意的是,这个被称为"现代的传统主义者"的时尚顽童所创造的一系列作品,皆代表着前卫、创新但却不脱离整个社会大众的认知与审美的传统风格.

  18. Charles Darwin and the World He Changed——Celebrating Charles Darwin's Bicentenary%达尔文和他改变的世界纪念达尔文诞辰200周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙漫远; 陈振夏

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一 超越时空界限与学科藩篱 1809年2月12日,查尔斯·达尔文(Charles Robert Darwin)出生在英国什罗普郡的历史名城什鲁斯伯里(Shrewsbury).1859年11月24日,他的不朽名著出版,一时洛阳纸贵而影响历久不衰.

  19. NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) true color (RGB) orthorectified mosaic image tiles, Lake Charles, Louisiana 2009-2010 (NODC Accession 0075827)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains ortho-rectified mosaic tiles, created as a product from the NOAA Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping (IOCM) initiative of Lake Charles,...

  20. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1988 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and WarHorse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  1. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1994 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  2. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1997 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  3. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1996 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  4. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1990 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  5. Narrative report 1969: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Mason, Yellow Water, War Horse & Wild Horse National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1969 calendar year. The report...

  6. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management District: 1986 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and WarHorse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  7. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1991 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  8. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management District: 1987 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and WarHorse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  9. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1992 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  10. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1995 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  11. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1993 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  12. Narrative report 1968: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone*, Halfbreed*, Mason*, Miller*, Yellow Water*, War Horse*, & Wild Horse* National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1968 calendar year. The report...

  13. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1989 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  14. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 2001 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  15. Narrative report: Calendar year 1976: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1976 calendar...

  16. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1998 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  17. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 2000 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  18. Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges and the CMR Wetland Management Districts: 1999 annual narrative reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR; Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, and War Horse National Wildlife Refuges; the CMR Wetland Management...

  19. Developing a protocol to monitor management effects on priority resources in sage steppe habitat at Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — In 2015, Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (CMR) received funds from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Region 6 Inventory and Monitoring...

  20. Narrative report 1972: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason, Yellow Water, War Horse, & Wild Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1972 calendar year. The report...

  1. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from CHARLES DARWIN from 1987-11-13 to 1987-12-16 (NCEI Accession 9000119)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) and other data were collected. R/V Charles Darwin was used to collect data. The data consisting of 111 casts was...

  2. Final Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Impact Statement: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge: Volumes 1 and 2

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Charles M. Russell NWR and UL Bend NWR for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the...

  3. Stylistique, science de l’expression, linguistique de la parole. Notes sur la nature du fait linguistique selon Charles Bally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anamaria Curea

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La spécificité de la discipline scientifique conçue par Charles Bally sous le nom de stylistique réside en une pensée singulière de la complexité du fait linguistique. À l’origine de son projet se croisent l’adhésion à une science générale de l’expression et la volonté de faire avancer la linguistique saussurienne dans une nouvelle direction. À travers les concepts d’expression et de langue parlée, Charles Bally invite la perspective linguistique à s’ouvrir aux dimensions psychologique et sociologique du langage afin d’appréhender les rapports complexes entre la pensée et la langue dans l’activité de parler.

  4. Stylistique, science de l’expression, linguistique de la parole. Notes sur la nature du fait linguistique selon Charles Bally

    OpenAIRE

    Anamaria Curea

    2013-01-01

    La spécificité de la discipline scientifique conçue par Charles Bally sous le nom de stylistique réside en une pensée singulière de la complexité du fait linguistique. À l’origine de son projet se croisent l’adhésion à une science générale de l’expression et la volonté de faire avancer la linguistique saussurienne dans une nouvelle direction. À travers les concepts d’expression et de langue parlée, Charles Bally invite la perspective linguistique à s’ouvrir aux dimensions psychologique et ...

  5. Deuteron frozen-spin- polarized target for nd experiments at the VdG accelerator of Charles University

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A frozen-spin- polarized deuteron target cooled by the 3He/4He dilution refrigerator is described. Fully deuterated 1,2-propanediol was used as a target material. Deuteron vector polarization about 40% was obtained for the target in the shape of a cylinder of 2-cm diameter and 6-cm length. The target is intended for a study of 3N interactions at the polarized neutron beam generated by the Van de Graaff accelerator at the Charles University in Prague

  6. Won't You Be My Neighbor? Race, Class, and Residence in Los Angeles By Camille Zubrinsky Charles

    OpenAIRE

    Kristin L. Perkins

    2008-01-01

    Residential segregation means that minorities often live in undesirable neighborhoods; yet where we live affects our economic opportunity, social networks, and quality of life. Camille Zubrinsky Charles's book, Won't You Be My Neighbor? Race Class, and Residence in Los Angeles, adds to existing research that has historically focused solely on black-white residential segregation by expanding the scope to include the residential preferences and racial attin_;des of native and foreign-born Latin...

  7. Precisionism and its Involvement with Sociological Matters during the Machine Age
    Charles Sheeler's American Landscape and Classic Landscape

    OpenAIRE

    Diederichs, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Until today, Precisionism is regarded as an apolitical and asocial art form, relegated to aestheticism. In my research, I explore various themes in Charles Sheeler's commissioned and independent works for the Ford Motor Company. I examine how Sheeler forms a visual rhetoric of the industrial modern age, and how his awareness of changes in the American industrial landscape is conveyed. What messages are implied in his painted works, but extraneous in the photographs? This reconstruction will r...

  8. John Frederick Charles Fuller%坦克制胜理论先驱——富勒

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁华明; 郭亮

    2005-01-01

    富勒(John Frederick Charles Fuller)是英国著名的军事理论家和军事史学家,以其30余种军事著作闻名于世。作为坦克战理论的创始人之一,他曾对20世纪30年代陆战理论的创新产生相当大的影响。

  9. Low-dose aripiprazole resolved complex hallucinations in the left visual field after right occipital infarction (Charles Bonnet syndrome).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Cheng-Che; Liu, Hsing-Cheng

    2011-06-01

    We reported a patient who suffered from complex visual hallucinations with left homonymous hemianopsia. Brain imaging showed an acute haemorrhage infarct at the right occipital lobe. Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) was suspected and aripiprazole was prescribed at 5 mg daily. After 3 weeks, the symptoms of hallucinations and anxiety were relieved. Although some CBS patients might be self-limited without discomfort, low-dose aripiprazole can be considered as a safe medication for significantly anxious patients with CBS.

  10. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, J T

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) are honored as the founders of modern evolutionary biology. Accordingly, much attention has focused on their relationship, from their independent development of the principle of natural selection to the receipt by Darwin of Wallace's essay from Ternate in the spring of 1858, and the subsequent reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the events of 1858 Wallace and Darwin are typically seen as central players, with Darwin's friends Charles Lyell (1797-1875) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) playing supporting roles. This narrative has resulted in an under-appreciation of a more central role for Charles Lyell as both Wallace's inspiration and foil. The extensive anti-transmutation arguments in Lyell's landmark Principles of Geology were taken as the definitive statement on the subject. Wallace, in his quest to solve the mystery of species origins, engaged with Lyell's arguments in his private field notebooks in a way that is concordant with his engagement with Lyell in the 1855 and 1858 papers. I show that Lyell was the object of Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles. In this view Darwin was, ironically, intended for a supporting role in mediating Wallace's attempted dialog with Lyell.

  11. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, J T

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) are honored as the founders of modern evolutionary biology. Accordingly, much attention has focused on their relationship, from their independent development of the principle of natural selection to the receipt by Darwin of Wallace's essay from Ternate in the spring of 1858, and the subsequent reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the events of 1858 Wallace and Darwin are typically seen as central players, with Darwin's friends Charles Lyell (1797-1875) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) playing supporting roles. This narrative has resulted in an under-appreciation of a more central role for Charles Lyell as both Wallace's inspiration and foil. The extensive anti-transmutation arguments in Lyell's landmark Principles of Geology were taken as the definitive statement on the subject. Wallace, in his quest to solve the mystery of species origins, engaged with Lyell's arguments in his private field notebooks in a way that is concordant with his engagement with Lyell in the 1855 and 1858 papers. I show that Lyell was the object of Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles. In this view Darwin was, ironically, intended for a supporting role in mediating Wallace's attempted dialog with Lyell. PMID:24014172

  12. Ground-water flow and ground- and surface-water interaction at the Weldon Spring quarry, St. Charles County, Missouri

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ground-water-level measurements to support remedial actions were made in 37 piezometers and 19 monitoring wells during a 19-month period to assess the potential for ground-water flow from an abandoned quarry to the nearby St. Charles County well field, which withdraws water from the base of the alluvial aquifer. From 1957 to 1966, low-level radioactive waste products from the Weldon Spring chemical plant were placed in the quarry a few hundred feet north of the Missouri River alluvial plain. Uranium-based contaminants subsequently were detected in alluvial ground water south of the quarry. During all but flood conditions, lateral ground-water flow in the bedrock from the quarry, as interpreted from water-table maps, generally is southwest toward Little Femme Osage Creek or south into the alluvial aquifer. After entering the alluvial aquifer, the ground water flows southeast to east toward a ground-water depression presumably produced by pumping at the St. Charles County well field. The depression position varies depending on the Missouri River stage and probably the number and location of active wells in the St. Charles County well field

  13. A magpie with a card-index mind - Charles Davies Sherborn 1861-1942.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindler, Karolyn

    2016-01-01

    Charles Davies Sherborn was geologist, indexer and bibliographer extraordinaire. He was fascinated by science from an early age and like so many Victorians, the young Sherborn was a passionate natural history collector and was obsessed with expanding his collection of land and freshwater shells. He later described himself as being a 'thorough magpie' and having 'a card-index mind', and these two traits coalesced in his monumental Index Animalium, the compilation of which occupied 43 years of his life. One of the first visitors through the doors of the Natural History Museum in South Kensington when it opened in 1881, Sherborn began work there seven years later as one of the small band of unofficial scientific workers, paid by the number of fossils he prepared. By the time of his death in 1942, Sherborn's corner in the Museum was the first port of call for generations of scientists seeking advice, information - or an invitation to one of his famous 'smoke and chat' parties. In addition to his work on the Index, Sherborn is also responsible for rescuing from damp and probable destruction the huge archive of Sir Richard Owen, the great comparative anatomist and the prime mover behind the creation of the Natural History Museum, London. Without Sherborn, this invaluable resource of correspondence, manuscripts and books may well have been irretrievably ruined. PMID:26877651

  14. The concept of music evolution in Herbert Spencer’s and Charles Darwin’s theories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrov Ana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the discourses on music in Herbert Spencer’s and Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution. Even though both Spencer and Darwin construed music as a carrier of the expression of affects and a part of a ubiquitous evolutional process towards ever increasing progress of culture, these authors’ discourses differed from each other in the understanding of the origin and function of music. Darwin considered music as being one of the (natural means of making a selection during the process of evolution of the humans as a biological species. Notwithstanding certain similarities to Darwin, Spencer (as well as his followers discussed music as a part of a socio-cultural evolution, which entailed an approach to music as a historical and cultural phenomenon. I will here elaborate the position of the discourses on music in Spencer’s and Darwin’s general theories of evolution, point out to the relevant aspects of the concept of music evolution and mention the influence that these theories had on the 19th-century official discourses on music.

  15. Zum Verhältnis Charles Darwins zu Alexander v. Humboldt und Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Werner

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and German.While it is well known that Charles Darwin and Alexander von Humboldt appreciated each other's work, Humboldt's influence on Darwin has not yet been thoroughly examined. The following paper shows to what extent Darwin was inspired by Humboldt's publications while writing his Origin of Species.Darwin paid special attention to Humboldt's observations on plant migration and throughout his whole scientific career he used Humboldt's books as a major source of information. In fact, Darwin's last annotations in his copy of the Personal Narrative of travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New continent during the Years 1799-1804 date back to the last weeks of his life.On the other hand, Darwin rejected many of Humboldt's scientific conclusions. The two authors differed in their assessment of Heinrich Bronn's biological research. Finally, Darwin was dissatisfied with Humboldtís last work Cosmos because it did not contain the information he expected. Darwinís collaboration with Humboldt's travel companion Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg proved to be similarly disappointing. Darwin sent 183 samples of infusoria to Berlin, but the results of Ehrenberg's analysis did not support Darwin's theory on evolution.

  16. TRANSFORMATION OF THE NOVEL DEVELOPMENT GENRE (ENTWICKLUNGSROMAN IN THE NOVELS BY CHARLES DICKENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryia Igorevna Krupenina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the problem of individual identity formation in the novels "Oliver Twist" and "Great Expectations" by Ch. Dickens in the context of rethinking the tradition of the novel’s formation. Taking into consideration the concepts of "subjective" novel and artistic features of the writer’s prose, the hero is seen as a subject-in-formation, and the author's version of "novel of formation" is interpreted as a novel of initiation. The article considers the novels by Dickens "Oliver Twist" and "Great Expectations" from the perspective of the archetypes of the hero and "initiation" expressed by K. G. Yung with an additional reference to the contemporary criticism of the novel. These works by Charles Dickens are considered here in terms of "symbolic representation", agreeing that literature gets its narrative strength through ancient and unconscious symbols that make up the nature of the species relevant to the archetypal images and narrative structure, touching upon fundamental existential themes and interests. Thus the creative achievement of the author becomes the result of tension between the collective unconscious and the ego or personal development.

  17. Wigs, laughter, and subversion: Charles Busch and strategies of drag performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niles, Richard

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the strategies of drag performer/ playwright Charles Busch. His performance aesthetic is explored and shown to be subversive even though its initial impulse is to entertain. Basing my arguments on the work of Judith Butler, Elin Diamond, and others, I argue that drag queens like Busch can not only entertain but also make audiences question and criticize through drag's power to create a Brechtian alienation effect and historicize the subject. After showing how he can be viewed as a drag queen, I give a brief biography and discuss such contested terms as "camp" and "gay sensibility." I then focus on Busch's staged reading of Ibsen's Hedda Gahler andA Doll's House, both done in one afternoon at Theatre for The New City (6 May 2000). By examining the performance of Busch and his fellow actors, I demonstrate how a contemporary relevancy is achieved by having the roles played by a female impersonator whose acting choices are filtered through a gay sensibility. The ongoing dialectic between spectator and performer creates a historicized moment in performance that underscores the gender dynamics in unexpected and stimulating ways.

  18. Loess encounters of three kinds: Charles Lyell talks about, reads about, and looks at loess

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smalley, Ian; Kels, Holger; Gaudenyi, Tivadar; Jovanovic, Mladjen

    2016-03-01

    Charles Lyell (1797-1875) was an important loess pioneer. His major contribution was to distribute information on the nature and existence of loess via his influential book `The Principles of Geology'. He was obviously impressed by loess when he encountered it; the initial encounter can be split into three phases: conversations about loess; confronting the actual material in the field; and reading about loess in the literature. Detail can be added to an important phase in the scientific development of the study of loess. Significant events include conversations with Hibbert in 1831, conversations and explorations with von Leonhard and Bronn in 1832, the opportunity to include a section on loess in vol. 3 of `Principles' for publication in 1833, a substantial Rhineland excursion in 1833, the reporting of the results of this excursion in 1834, discussions at the German Association for the Advancement of Science meeting in Bonn in 1835. Of all the people encountered perhaps H.G. Bronn was the most significant. Lyell eventually listed eleven people as relevant to the loess writings: Bronn, von Leonhard, Boue, Voltz, Steininger, Merian, Rozet, Hibbert, Noeggerath, von Meyer, Horner - of these Bronn, von Leonhard, Hibbert and Horner appear to have been the most significant, viewed from 2015.

  19. A magpie with a card-index mind – Charles Davies Sherborn 1861–1942

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindler, Karolyn

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Charles Davies Sherborn was geologist, indexer and bibliographer extraordinaire. He was fascinated by science from an early age and like so many Victorians, the young Sherborn was a passionate natural history collector and was obsessed with expanding his collection of land and freshwater shells. He later described himself as being a ‘thorough magpie’ and having ‘a card-index mind’, and these two traits coalesced in his monumental Index Animalium, the compilation of which occupied 43 years of his life. One of the first visitors through the doors of the Natural History Museum in South Kensington when it opened in 1881, Sherborn began work there seven years later as one of the small band of unofficial scientific workers, paid by the number of fossils he prepared. By the time of his death in 1942, Sherborn’s corner in the Museum was the first port of call for generations of scientists seeking advice, information – or an invitation to one of his famous ‘smoke and chat’ parties. In addition to his work on the Index, Sherborn is also responsible for rescuing from damp and probable destruction the huge archive of Sir Richard Owen, the great comparative anatomist and the prime mover behind the creation of the Natural History Museum, London. Without Sherborn, this invaluable resource of correspondence, manuscripts and books may well have been irretrievably ruined. PMID:26877651

  20. O Caso Lonelygirl15 – Charles Sanders Peirce e a Narrativa no Ciberespaço

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Reis

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o seriado Lonelygirl15, exibido no website Youtube de junho de 2006 aos dias atuais. A série simula o videoblog de uma adolescente real mas, após várias evidências e investigações pela web, os espectadores descobrem tratar-se de um programa, com produtores e atores. O artigo busca analisar o processo de dúvida, investigação e estabelecimento de uma nova crença por parte dos usuários, com base nas teorias do filósofo americano Charles Sanders Peirce. Também pretendemos fazer um estudo sobre as novas formas narrativas no ambiente do ciberespaço, com características marcantes de imersão, agência e transforma��ão. Por fim, analisamos o comportamento dos espectadores após a revelação da ficcionalidade da série, com base nas considerações peirceanas acerca de métodos de estabelecimento de crenças.

  1. Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842): contributions to neuro-ophthalmology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Kaufman, Matthew H

    2007-12-01

    Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842) was a Scottish anatomist, physiologist, neurologist, artist and surgeon, who enjoyed a distinguished career in teaching and clinical practice in London between 1804 and 1836. In 1814, he was appointed to the surgical staff of the Middlesex Hospital. In 1824, he was elected Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, and shortly afterwards was elected Professor of Physiology at the University of London. In 1831, he was knighted on the accession of William IV. In 1836, he was elected to the Chair of Surgery in the University of Edinburgh, and remained there until his death in 1842, at 68 years of age. During his career, Bell was a prolific medical author, a brilliant medical researcher and a skilled artist. In 1811, he discovered the distinct functions of the motor and sensory nerves, findings that were initially published in a pamphlet entitled 'Ideas of a New Anatomy of the Brain'. In 1821, Bell described the long thoracic nerve, which supplies the serratus anterior muscle, and which now bears his name. In the same paper he showed that lesions of the seventh cranial nerve produce facial paralysis (now termed Bell's palsy). He also demonstrated that the fifth cranial nerve is of sensory importance to the face and controls the muscles of mastication, whereas the seventh cranial nerve principally controls the muscles of facial expression. Bell published research on a number of ophthalmological subjects. This paper reviews some of these latter achievements.

  2. Charles Darwin and the firstscientific observations on the patagonian shingle formation (Rodados Patagónicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar A. Martínez

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available TheRodados Patagónicos is one of the most intriguing lithostratigraphic unitsin the Late Cenozoic of Patagonia. Charles Darwin named these gravels as the "PatagonianShingle Formation", when he discovered them during his trip toPatagonia on board HMS Beagle in 1832. According to the prevailing paradigm ofthe time, he assigned these deposits to a giant transgression during the GreatUniversal Déluge epoch, considering that their formation was related to waveaction along the beach in ancient times. The name of Rodados Patagónicos,as they are generally known in the Argentine geological literature, is usuallyconfusing since it has been applied to a wide number of geological units ofmultiple origin and age. Many authors have discussed the nature and origin ofthese gravels, considering them to have been formed by piedmont, alluvial,colluvial, glaciofluvial, and/or marine processes. Today, it is accepted thatthe term Rodados Patagónicos includes gravel deposits of varied nature and age,perhaps with a prevalence of piedmont genesis in northern Patagonia andglaciofluvial dynamics in southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.

  3. Constriction structures related to viscous collision, southern Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corvino, Adrian F.; Boger, Steven D.; Fay, Clement

    2016-09-01

    Macroscopic structures are investigated in a zone of highly contorted migmatites from the southern Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica. Here, L-tectonite fabrics, rods, mullions, boudin pods, elongate enclaves, and fold hinges, are persistent linear features all plunging gently to the northeast. In contrast, amoeboid folds, ptygmatic folds and folded boudins with different orientations are the characteristic structures in transverse sections (perpendicular to the lineation). No consistent shear sense is recognised in any dimension. Together with strain and shape analysis, these observations strongly suggest that the deformation pattern is one of folding and stretching by constriction. Previous timing constraints indicate that this deformation overlapped with the waning stages of anatexis during decompression at approximately 510 Ma, up to 30 million years after initial orogeny at 540 Ma. The zone affected by constriction is several kilometres wide and has a contorted flower-like shape confined between two broad domal antiforms. In this context, the constricted zone is interpreted as a relatively late tectonic feature that could have formed via deep-seated viscous collision in response to orogenic collapse and doming.

  4. [When medicine appeals to our feelings: Charles de Villers' Le magnétiseur amoureux].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moruno, Dolores Martín

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses the representation of affective phenomena brought into play in Charles de Villers' Le magnétiseur amoureux (1787) as it helps to better understand the historical transition from the Galenic conception of the passions of the soul to the cerebral interpretation of emotions. While feelings became the condition of possibility in the occurrence of the therapy, passion is identified as the cause of the young woman's illness, Caroline, who according to the interpretation proposed in this article, suffers from what was identified in the eighteenth century medical tradition as "love melancholy" or "hysteric affection", which were both pathologies that alluded to vapors in order to explain their symptoms. The analysis of the logic of feeling running across Villers' novel impels us to interpret the magnetic fluid in terms of the sympathy created between the two main characters. The ambivalence expressed by Villers between the meaning of "love sentiment" and that of "love passion" allows us to finally understand the somnambulist therapy as erotic knowledge that implies a reflection on love codes in late eighteenth century France. PMID:26403058

  5. Sir Charles James Martin MB FRS: Australian serpents and Indian plague, one-hundred years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawgood, B J

    1997-07-01

    In 1891 as Demonstrator in Physiology at the University of Sydney, Charles Martin began the first systematic study of the chemical and physiological properties of the venoms of the Australian elapid species, Pseudechis porphyriacus and Notechis scutatus. Two major constituents were detected: a large coagulable protein which was associated with intravascular clotting, and a small proteinaceous molecule, an albumose, associated with neurotoxicity. Martin designed and constructed a high-pressure gelatin membrane ultrafilter for fractionation of venom. His studies indicated that certain physiological actions and clinical symptoms were related to the faster rate of diffusion within the tissue space of a neurotoxic constituent relative to a clotting constituent. Extending this work to toxin-antitoxin relationships, Martin provided evidence that antitoxin was a large molecule with slow diffusibility in tissue and advised the administration of curative serum (including diphtheria antitoxin) by intravenous injection. In 1903, Martin returned to London as Director of the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine. He was soon involved in the planning of scientific work to be undertaken by the Commission for Investigation of Plague in India as the disease continued to ravage the subcontinent. Detailed epidemiological studies of possible factors involved in the spread of Pasteurella pestis showed, unequivocally, that infected rat fleas were the vector of transmission from rats to humans. PMID:9247999

  6. The Essay on waters and other medical writings of Charles Lucas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, S J

    2015-09-01

    In recent years, more attention has been given to Charles Lucas's medical career, in its own way just as interesting and important as his better-known political campaigns. Lucas's first concentrated period of medical activity was in the 1730s, when he had qualified as an apothecary, the second in the 1750s, following his flight from Ireland and achievement of qualifications in medicine. Having been prominently involved in the campaign which led to the 1735 drugs regulation act, in 1741 Lucas published a pamphlet, Pharmacomastix, which detailed abuses common in the apothecary's trade and pressed for more radical controls. His most substantial medical work, An Essay on Waters, was published in London in 1756, being devoted to analysis of European spas and the promotion of hydrotherapy. Lucas was able to return to Ireland in 1761 and was elected MP for Dublin city. While politics occupied most of his time until his death in 1771, Lucas maintained his interest in matters medical, securing the passage of another drugs regulation act in 1761, which remarkably is still on the Irish statute book.

  7. Charles Bonnet Syndrome: Comprehensive Review Providing an Optometric Approach to Diagnosis and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresa Zerilli-Zavgorodni, OD

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Given the aging population, the likelihood of eye care providers encountering Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS will be high. Awareness of CBS is essential so that misdiagnosis and subsequent treatment for a non-existent psychiatric disease is prevented. After vision loss, patients can experience simple hallucinations such as unformed shapes or patterns, or complex hallucinations in the form of recognizable figures or faces. The prevalence of CBS is likely underestimated since individuals are hesitant to discuss these visual disturbances for fear of being labeled as mentally unstable. Since CBS is a diagnosis of exclusion, an extensive list of etiologies must be ruled out before the diagnosis is confirmed. Referrals to other medical disciplines are essential to ensure that the patient does not have another serious neurologic, psychiatric, or metabolic disorder that may be triggering the hallucinations. This comprehensive review is designed to update the reader on recent advances into understanding the pathophysiology of CBS. It is important to classify and differentiate CBS from other types of visual hallucinations. Since there are no universal standardized criteria for diagnosis and treatment, we hope to elucidate and provide the clinician with current diagnostic criteria, recommended work-up, and management plans for CBS patients.

  8. Charles Bonnet syndrome: characteristics of its visual hallucinations and differential diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Cardoso Vale

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To present an eight-case serie of patients with Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS. Method: All patients were initially evaluated by an ophthalmologist and then submitted to a neurologic evaluation with exclusion of alternative psychiatric and neurologic diagnoses. Results: Five patients were male (62.5% and the mean age was 52.3+16.0 years. Two patients suffered from severe myopia and glaucoma, three had retinitis pigmentosa, one had anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, one had age-related macular degeneration and one had toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. Mean visual acuity in the right eye was 1,12 logMAR and in the left eye 0.57 logMAR. A mean delay of 41.7 months occurred until diagnosis. All hallucinations were complexes and mostly ocurred on a weekly-basis (62.5% and lasted for seconds (87.5%. Conclusions: Physicians who care for low vision patients should be aware of CBS and appropriately diagnose its hallucinations after exclusion of psychiatric and neurologic diseases.

  9. Charles Bonnet syndrome: evidence for a generative model in the cortex?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichert, David P; Seriès, Peggy; Storkey, Amos J

    2013-01-01

    Several theories propose that the cortex implements an internal model to explain, predict, and learn about sensory data, but the nature of this model is unclear. One condition that could be highly informative here is Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS), where loss of vision leads to complex, vivid visual hallucinations of objects, people, and whole scenes. CBS could be taken as indication that there is a generative model in the brain, specifically one that can synthesise rich, consistent visual representations even in the absence of actual visual input. The processes that lead to CBS are poorly understood. Here, we argue that a model recently introduced in machine learning, the deep Boltzmann machine (DBM), could capture the relevant aspects of (hypothetical) generative processing in the cortex. The DBM carries both the semantics of a probabilistic generative model and of a neural network. The latter allows us to model a concrete neural mechanism that could underlie CBS, namely, homeostatic regulation of neuronal activity. We show that homeostatic plasticity could serve to make the learnt internal model robust against e.g. degradation of sensory input, but overcompensate in the case of CBS, leading to hallucinations. We demonstrate how a wide range of features of CBS can be explained in the model and suggest a potential role for the neuromodulator acetylcholine. This work constitutes the first concrete computational model of CBS and the first application of the DBM as a model in computational neuroscience. Our results lend further credence to the hypothesis of a generative model in the brain.

  10. Charles Bonnet syndrome: two case reports and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerario, Alberto; Ciammola, Andrea; Poletti, Barbara; Girotti, Floriano; Silani, Vincenzo

    2013-04-01

    Visual hallucinations (VHs) can be associated with a variety of clinical conditions, and are also experienced by healthy people due to visual impairment. The condition is known as Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS). The circumstances favoring VHs support the hypothesis that sensory deprivation enhances the ongoing activity of the visual system after sensory loss. Clinician should be aware that a significant proportion of visually impaired patients experience complex VHs, which are sometimes distressing. Herein, we report two cases of CBS. Case 1 is a 60-year-old man with visual impairment due to orbit pseudotumor in autoimmune hypothyroidism. Case 2 is an 87-year-old woman with Parkinson's disease and a 15-year history of intermittent complex VHs due to age-related macular degeneration in both eyes. In both cases investigations for alternative pathological causes of VHs were negative and, therefore, the aetiology of hallucinations was attributed to CBS. The course and treatment of CBS patients vary according to the nature of the visual dysfunction. Drug treatments remain partially satisfactory, with individual cases successfully treated with atypical antipsychotics. Nonpharmacological interventions aimed to reduce the visual pathway deprivation. Reassurance of the benign nature of CBS is essential to support patients and reduce caregiver's burden.

  11. Diagnosis and Treatment of Psychiatric Comorbidity in a Patient with Charles Bonnet Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasper J. Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. A significant proportion of patients with neurological disorders may have comorbid psychiatric symptomology, which may be managed by primary outpatient neurologists. Referral to their psychiatric colleagues is mediated by available consultation-liaison units and according to clinical opinion. Aims of Case Report. We present the case of a patient whose initial referral to epilepsy clinic led to a workup which ultimately diagnosed her with nonepileptic seizures (NES. In the course of her follow-up, she developed intractable headaches, and worsening mood symptoms and eventually exhibited Psychotic Features for which psychiatry became coinvolved in her care. Major Depression with Psychotic Features and Charles Bonnet syndrome were considered as a likely comorbid diagnoses. Her pharmacologic management on venlafaxine and quetiapine eventually caused substantial amelioration of her psychiatric symptomology as longitudinally followed by PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores. Conclusion. Optimal evaluation and management of mental illness in patients with complex neurologic symptomology may require independent evaluation and treatment by psychiatrists when clinically appropriate.

  12. Diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric comorbidity in a patient with charles bonnet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jasper J

    2014-01-01

    Background. A significant proportion of patients with neurological disorders may have comorbid psychiatric symptomology, which may be managed by primary outpatient neurologists. Referral to their psychiatric colleagues is mediated by available consultation-liaison units and according to clinical opinion. Aims of Case Report. We present the case of a patient whose initial referral to epilepsy clinic led to a workup which ultimately diagnosed her with nonepileptic seizures (NES). In the course of her follow-up, she developed intractable headaches, and worsening mood symptoms and eventually exhibited Psychotic Features for which psychiatry became coinvolved in her care. Major Depression with Psychotic Features and Charles Bonnet syndrome were considered as a likely comorbid diagnoses. Her pharmacologic management on venlafaxine and quetiapine eventually caused substantial amelioration of her psychiatric symptomology as longitudinally followed by PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores. Conclusion. Optimal evaluation and management of mental illness in patients with complex neurologic symptomology may require independent evaluation and treatment by psychiatrists when clinically appropriate.

  13. Symposium in commemoration of Charles Peyrou, Lucien Montanet et Rafael Armenteros

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On Wednesday 16 June at 4.00 p.m. a symposium will be held in the CERN Main Auditorium in memory of three great figures in the history of CERN and its Research Programmes, namely Charles Peyrou, Lucien Montanet and Rafael Armenteros, all of whom recently passed away. Each of them, notably led CERN's bubble-chamber programmes. Tributes appeared in the Weekly Bulletin issues 17/2003, 28/2003 and 14/2004. Since the symposium will take place on the day between the Scientific Policy Committee (SPC) meeting and the Council session, it will be possible for many colleagues and friends to attend alongside family members. All CERN staff members who wish to attend are also invited. Eight speakers who were close to each of the men at various times will share their vivid recollections, recalling the major scientific contributions they made and underlining the important role they played both at CERN and in the international scientific community. At the end of the symposium, drinks will be served at the invitation of the...

  14. Symposium in commemoration of Charles Peyrou, Lucien Montanet and Rafael Armenteros

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On Wednesday 16 June at 4.00 p.m. a symposium will be held in the CERN Main Auditorium in memory of three great figures in the history of CERN and its Research Programmes, namely Charles Peyrou, Lucien Montanet and Rafael Armenteros, all of whom recently passed away. Each of them, notably led CERN's bubble-chamber programmes. Tributes appeared in the Weekly Bulletin issues 17/2003, 28/2003 and 14/2004. Since the symposium will take place on the day between the Scientific Policy Committee (SPC) meeting and the Council session, it will be possible for many colleagues and friends to attend alongside family members. All CERN staff members who wish to attend are also invited. Eight speakers who were close to each of the men at various times will share their vivid recollections, recalling the major scientific contributions they made and underlining the important role they played both at CERN and in the international scientific community. At the end of the symposium, drinks will be served at the invitation of the D...

  15. Tratamento do neuroma de Morton via plantar: avaliação retrospectiva dos resultados cirúrgicos Norton's neuroma treatment through plantar port: retrospective assessment of surgical outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caio Augusto de Souza Nery

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Com a finalidade de avaliar a eficácia da técnica cirúrgica, envolvendo a neurectomia por via plantar, transversa, fora da zona de carga, em portadores de neuroma de Morton, 217 pacientes foram submetidos a este tratamento.Um total de 264 pés foram observados, sendo 32,2% no pé direito, 46,1% no pé esquerdo e 21,7% bilateralmente.Quanto ao sexo, foram observadas ocorrências de 86,6% no sexo feminino e 13,4% masculino.Quanto a localização, 83,5% (220 neuromas estavam presentes no terceiro espaço interdigital, 7,5% no segundo espaço, com presença de bilateralidade em 47 pacientes.O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 7,5 anos, variando de 4 a 216 meses, com resultado satisfatório e regulares em 95,8% dos pacientes no total, com apenas 11 pacientes (4,2% insatisfeitos com o tratamento de forma global.Os autores concluem, por tanto, que a neurectomia por via plantar transversa é uma opção satisfatória, com boa visibilização anatômica do neuroma, evoluindo com boa cicatrização, retorno precoce às atividades e satisfação do paciente com o resultado alcançado.With the objective of assessing the effectiveness of the surgical technique involving neurectomy through plantar, cross-sectional port out of the load zone in individuals with Morton’s neuroma, 217 patients were submitted to this treatment. A total of 264 feet were observed, being 32.2% right feet, 46.1% left feet, and 21.7% bilaterally. Regarding gender, 86.6% of the occurrences were seen in women, and 13.4% in men. Regarding the site, 83.5% (220 neuromas were present at the third interdigital space, 7.5% at the second space, and 47 patients presented it bilaterally. The average follow-up time was 7.5 years, ranging from 4 to 216 months, with satisfactory and fair outcomes in 95.8% of all patients, with only 11 patients (4.2% not satisfied with the overall treatment. The authors conclude, therefore, that neurectomy through cross-sectional plantar port is a

  16. The Charles F. Prentice Award Lecture 2014: A 50-Year Research Journey: Giants and Great Collaborators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, Brien A

    2015-07-01

    This article, an edited version of the 2014 Charles F. Prentice Medal presentation, recounts my 50-year journey in research, from graduation in 1965 to PhD to 2015. The most important lessons I have learned are that great people, "Giants" as I call them, are generous of spirit, creative, insightful, sharing, and caring, and second, that collaboration is really the only way to do what I want to get done. I have been very fortunate to have worked with many outstanding people. As someone said to me at the Prentice Medal presentation, "I don't like you very much but the people you work with are wonderful."My journey started with a PhD investigation into seeing if orthokeratology could control myopia at the City University London in 1966. It then moved to Australia where all aspects of contact lenses were researched to try to make contact lenses safer and more effective by understanding the cornea and anterior eye systems. That journey has now turned to making contact lenses the best they can be to slow the progress of myopia. An extremely high proportion of people who are involved with global eye care initiatives and ambitious projects to develop treatments and interventions for the major vision problems impacting the world are a joy to work with. Evidence-based systems for delivering vision to the more than 600 million people globally that are blind or vision impaired because of uncorrected refractive error have involved amazing people and collaborations. This article pays tribute to the generosity and humanity of my family and the Giants in and outside the field, and many more not so well known, and the people I work with, who have punctuated and greatly enriched this journey and made many of the scientific advances documented here possible. PMID:26002010

  17. Regional economic impacts of current and proposed management alternatives for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koontz, Lynne; Sexton, Natalie; Ishizaki, Asuka; Ritten, John

    2013-01-01

    The National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 requires all units of the National Wildlife Refuge System to be managed under a Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP). The CCP must describe the desired future conditions of a refuge and provide long-range guidance and management direction to achieve refuge purposes. Charles M. Russell (CMR) National Wildlife Refuge, located in north-central Montana, is in the process of developing a range of management goals, objectives, and strategies for the CCP. The CCP for the Refuge must contain an analysis of expected effects associated with current and proposed refuge-management strategies. For refuge CCP planning, an economic analysis provides a means of estimating how current management (No Action Alternative) and proposed management activities (Alternatives) affect the local economy. This type of analysis provides two critical pieces of information: (1) it illustrates a refuge’s contribution to the local community; and (2) it can help in determining whether economic effects are or are not a real concern in choosing among management alternatives. It is important to note that the economic value of a refuge encompasses more than just the impacts on the regional economy. Refuges also provide substantial nonmarket values (values for items not exchanged in established markets) such as maintaining endangered species, preserving wetlands, educating future generations, and adding stability to the ecosystem (Carver and Caudill, 2007). However, quantifying these types of nonmarket values is beyond the scope of this study. This report first presents a description of the local community and economy near the Refuge. Next, the methods used to conduct a regional economic impact analysis are described. An analysis of the final CCP management strategies that could affect stakeholders and residents and the local economy is then presented. The refuge management activities of economic concern in this analysis are:

  18. The New Apostolic Reformation: The critical reflections of the ecclesiology of Charles Peter Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelebogile Resane

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Charles Peter Wagner is a well-known missiologist and ecclesiologist of the latest era. He is the author, trainer and prayer warrior who founded the New Apostolic Reformation (NAR that seeks to establish a fourth house. The NAR is a heterodox movement in Protestant Christianity sometimes known as the apostolic-prophetic movement, commonly associated with both the Pentecostal and Charismatic churches worldwide since the beginnings of the 1990s. Central to their theology is their locus of dogma that the task of the church, under the leadership of the apostles and prophets, is to take dominion of the earth within Christendom (distinct from Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodox Christianity. The ekklesia is the people of God, whether they are gathered in their congregations on Sunday as the nuclear Church, or scattered in the workplace Monday through Saturday as the extended Church. The extended Church, just like the nuclear Church, is founded on apostles and prophets, but in the extended Church these are the different people who operate differently under a different rule book. It is these extended church leaders who will be most effective in transforming society. Workplace apostles are called to take dominion in business, government, arts and entertainment, media, family and education. Panoramically, Wagner’s ecclesiology, like mainstream evangelical ecclesiology, is trinitarian, communal, missiological and eschatological in nature and character. The weaknesses on his ecclesiology include the notions of polity based on fivefold ministries, balance of power and authority on church leadership, phenomenological approach to texts, exegetical shortcomings, and secular models in ecclesiastical governance.

  19. Original article University students with learning disabilities at the Faculty of Education, Charles University in Prague

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    Anna Kucharská

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The paper deals with learning disabilities (LD of university students in the Czech Republic. The first part describes most common trends in professional care of students with LD in historical context, the second part analyses contemporary situation of support of students with LD during their university studies. Pivotal part of the text describes the situation at Faculty of Education, Charles University in Prague, from the perspective of state LD students, their difficulties and means of possible support. PARTICIPANTS AND PROCEDURE Qualitative analysis of functional diagnostics took place in the frame of evidence of 15 students with learning disabilities. Focal point of the functional diagnostics is a structured interview in which an identification of needed modification for studying with specific educational needs of students with LD takes place. RESULTS From our analyses it can be stated, that students with LD apply for registration basing on their experience with high school status of a student with SD, or that their decision is influenced by their current study problems or the fact that they went through a modified entrance exam. We have also discovered the fact, that except for the difficulties which result from the type and degree of the disability and which can be compensated by specific approaches, students also need an emotional and social support. Learning disability is not, however, perceived only as a disadvantage, many students have stated that it has motivated them in their further development. CONCLUSIONS Achieved results point to general specifics to the perceived difficulties, to the specifics of the concrete degrees and to the further personal (emotional, social characteristics of LD students and they support recommended modification for successful studies.

  20. Volume reduction of the jugular foramina in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with syringomyelia

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    Schmidt Martin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Understanding the pathogenesis of the chiari-like malformation in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS is incomplete, and current hypotheses do not fully explain the development of syringomyelia (SM in the spinal cords of affected dogs. This study investigates an unconventional pathogenetic theory for the development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF pressure waves in the subarachnoid space in CKCS with SM, by analogy with human diseases. In children with achondroplasia the shortening of the skull base can lead to a narrowing of the jugular foramina (JF between the cranial base synchondroses. This in turn has been reported to cause a congestion of the major venous outflow tracts of the skull and consequently to an increase in the intracranial pressure (ICP. Amongst brachycephalic dog breeds the CKCS has been identified as having an extremely short and wide braincase. A stenosis of the JF and a consequential vascular compromise in this opening could contribute to venous hypertension, raising ICP and causing CSF jets in the spinal subarachnoid space of the CKCS. In this study, JF volumes in CKCSs with and without SM were compared to assess a possible role of this pathologic mechanism in the development of SM in this breed. Results Computed tomography (CT scans of 40 CKCSs > 4 years of age were used to create three-dimensional (3D models of the skull and the JF. Weight matched groups (7–10 kg of 20 CKCSs with SM and 20 CKCSs without SM were compared. CKCSs without SM presented significantly larger JF -volumes (median left JF: 0.0633 cm3; median right JF: 0.0703 cm3; p 3; median right JF: 0.0434 cm3; p Conclusion A stenosis of the JF and consecutive venous congestion may explain the aetiology of CSF pressure waves in the subarachnoid space, independent of cerebellar herniation, as an additional pathogenetic factor for the development of SM in this breed.

  1. Charles Bonnet syndrome: evidence for a generative model in the cortex?

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    David P Reichert

    Full Text Available Several theories propose that the cortex implements an internal model to explain, predict, and learn about sensory data, but the nature of this model is unclear. One condition that could be highly informative here is Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS, where loss of vision leads to complex, vivid visual hallucinations of objects, people, and whole scenes. CBS could be taken as indication that there is a generative model in the brain, specifically one that can synthesise rich, consistent visual representations even in the absence of actual visual input. The processes that lead to CBS are poorly understood. Here, we argue that a model recently introduced in machine learning, the deep Boltzmann machine (DBM, could capture the relevant aspects of (hypothetical generative processing in the cortex. The DBM carries both the semantics of a probabilistic generative model and of a neural network. The latter allows us to model a concrete neural mechanism that could underlie CBS, namely, homeostatic regulation of neuronal activity. We show that homeostatic plasticity could serve to make the learnt internal model robust against e.g. degradation of sensory input, but overcompensate in the case of CBS, leading to hallucinations. We demonstrate how a wide range of features of CBS can be explained in the model and suggest a potential role for the neuromodulator acetylcholine. This work constitutes the first concrete computational model of CBS and the first application of the DBM as a model in computational neuroscience. Our results lend further credence to the hypothesis of a generative model in the brain.

  2. A tribute to Charles David Kelman MD: ophthalmologist, inventor and pioneer of phacoemulsification surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Suresh K; Milverton, E John; Maloof, Anthony J

    2004-10-01

    Charles David Kelman was born in Brooklyn, New York, USA, on 23 May 1930 and passed away in Boca Raton, Florida, USA, on 1 June 2004 at the age of 74 years after a long battle with cancer. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Tufts University in 1950 and completed medical studies at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, in 1956. He was Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology at New York Medical College and an Attending Surgeon at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary and Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. Although a prolific inventor, he will be best remembered for developing phacoemulsification, following his realization while sitting in a dentist's chair, that ultrasonic vibrations could be used to emulsify the aged crystalline lens through a very small incision. His pioneering work revolutionized cataract surgery. He also pioneered cryo-extraction of cataracts, the use of freezing for the repair of retinal detachments and designed numerous ophthalmic instruments and intraocular lenses. Dr Kelman received numerous awards, including the American Academy of Ophthalmology Achievement Award (1970), the Ridley Medal from the International Congress of Ophthalmology (1990), and the Inventor of the Year Award from The New York Patent, Trademark and Copyright Law Association (1992). Most recently (2003), Dr Kelman was honoured by the American Academy of Ophthalmology with the Laureate Recognition award. Dr Kelman was also an accomplished Broadway producer, composer and jazz saxophonist. With his demise, the ophthalmic and medical community lost a famed inventor with multifaceted talents and one of the great ophthalmologists of the twentieth century.

  3. El cambio climático global en la Patagonia desde el viaje de Charles Darwin hasta nuestros días The global climatic change in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego since voyage of Charles Darwin until present times

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Rabassa

    2010-01-01

    El viaje del Beagle que trajo a Charles Darwin a América del Sur entre 1832 y 1835 AD y en particular, al territorio argentino, se desarrolló bajo condiciones climáticas muy desfavorables: frías, secas y ventosas, correspondientes a las condiciones predominantes en la última fase de la pequeña edad del hielo, un episodio frío global que caracterizó a los siglos XVII, XVIII y XIX. Esta fase es conocida como mínimo de Dalton, en referencia a la disminución relativa de la frecuencia de las manch...

  4. The recurrent Morton neuroma: what now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, David R; Dean, Erin M

    2014-09-01

    Interdigital neuromas are a common cause of forefoot pain, and approximately 80% of patients require surgical excision for symptom relief. Although 50% to 85% of patients obtain relief after primary excision, symptoms may recur because of an incorrect diagnosis, inadequate resection, or adherence of pressure on a nerve stump neuroma. The symptom relief rate after reoperation is similar to that after primary excision. A plantar longitudinal incision provides optimal exposure, and transposition of the nerve stump into bone or muscle and avoids traction or pressure on the nerve ending that can result in a painful stump neuroma. Preoperative counseling is essential to align patient expectations with potential outcomes. PMID:25129354

  5. ORTHOIMAGERY, MORTON COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP acquires digital ortho imagery during the agricultural growing seasons...

  6. Potential effects of structural controls and street sweeping on stormwater loads to the lower Charles River, Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarriello, Phillip J.; Breault, Robert F.; Weiskel, Peter K.

    2002-01-01

    The water quality of the lower Charles River is periodically impaired by combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and non-CSO stormwater runoff. This study examined the potential non-CSO load reductions of suspended solids, fecal coliform bacteria, total phosphorus, and total lead that could reasonably be achieved by implementation of stormwater best management practices, including both structural controls and systematic street sweeping. Structural controls were grouped by major physical or chemical process; these included infiltration-filtration (physical separation), biofiltration-bioretention (biological mechanisms), or detention-retention (physical settling). For each of these categories, upper and lower quartiles, median, and average removal efficiencies were compiled from three national databases of structural control performance. Removal efficiencies obtained indicated a wide range of performance. Removal was generally greatest for infiltration-filtration controls and suspended solids, and least for biofiltration-bioretention controls and fecal coliform bacteria. Street sweeping has received renewed interest as a water-quality control practice because of reported improvements in sweeper technology and the recognition that opportunities for implementing structural controls are limited in highly urbanized areas. The Stormwater Management Model that was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey for the lower Charles River Watershed was modified to simulate the effects of street sweeping in a single-family land-use basin. Constituent buildup and washoff variable values were calibrated to observed annual and storm-event loads. Once calibrated, the street sweeping model was applied to various permutations of four sweeper efficiencies and six sweeping frequencies that ranged from every day to once every 30 days. Reduction of constituent loads to the lower Charles River by the combined hypothetical practices of structural controls and street sweeping was estimated for a range

  7. The forgotten successes and sacrifices of Charles Kellaway, director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, 1923-1944.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbins, Peter G; Winkel, Kenneth D

    Charles Halliley Kellaway (1889-1952) was one of the first Australians to make a full-time career of medical research. He built his scientific reputation on studies of snake venoms and anaphylaxis. Under Kellaway's directorship, the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute gained worldwide acclaim, and he played a critical role in its success between the world wars. His administrative and financial strategies in the era before the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) helped local medical research weather the Depression and gain a strong foothold by World War II. PMID:18072902

  8. The physiologist and the neurosurgeon: the enduring influence of Charles Sherrington on the career of Wilder Penfield.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feindel, William

    2007-11-01

    Wilder Penfield, a Rhodes scholar from Princeton University, New Jersey, was a student in the first course on mammalian physiology given in 1915 at Oxford University by Charles Sherrington, newly arrived from Liverpool where, as Holt Professor of Physiology for 20 years, he had become a leading authority on the physiology of the nervous system. The practical 'exercises' as well as graduate research on the Golgi apparatus and the decerebrate preparation, carried out by Penfield in Sherrington's laboratory, gave him the groundwork to develop his career as a physiological surgeon, who made fundamental observations on functional localization in the human brain during the surgical treatment of patients afflicted with epilepsy.

  9. The dandy and the historical ragpicker : a study of contrary responses to modernity of Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Guan, Beibei; 关贝贝

    2014-01-01

    The period of “modernity” has shaped the artistic and intellectual works of both Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin and – as a result – has informed our understanding of this formative period of European history. While both writers engage with the period in 19th century Paris, both arrive at fundamentally different appraisals of some of its artefacts: the commodity, the roles of the “flâneur”, and the prostitute. Tracing the difference of both author’s experiences through their writing, t...

  10. An analysis of the doctrine of the priesthood of Jesus Christ in the functional Christology of Charles Haddon Spurgeon

    OpenAIRE

    George, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Christian George approaches Charles Spurgeon’s sermons in terms of a preached Christology, that is, a Christology not confined to dogmatics but operative in preaching. If we want to know what a model of Christology might look like preached, here in Spurgeon’s sermons we find it. This is because, as George notes, for Spurgeon, true Christianity involved ‘personally living with a personal Saviour, personally trusting a personal Redeemer, personally crying out to a personal Intercessor.’ For tho...

  11. 哈茨霍恩的后现代宗教观%Postmodern Religion's View of Charles Hartshorne

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    D.R.格里芬; 曲跃厚

    2002-01-01

    关于C.哈茨霍恩(Charles HartShorne,1887--2000年,美国著名宗教哲学家、过程神学主要代表人物之一。——译者),人们知道得最多、讨论得最多的也许是他关于神的本质和存在的观念。的确,他的许多最重要的贡献都来自这一主题。

  12. Darwinian hydrology: can the methodology Charles Darwin pioneered help hydrologic science?

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    C. Harman

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available There have been repeated calls for a Darwinian approach to hydrologic science or for a synthesis of Darwinian and Newtonian approaches, to deepen understanding the hydrologic system in the larger landscape context, and so develop a better basis for predictions now and in an uncertain future. But what exactly makes a Darwinian approach to hydrology "Darwinian"? While there have now been a number of discussions of Darwinian approaches, many referencing Harte (2002, the term is potentially a source of confusion while its connections to Darwin remain allusive rather than explicit. Here we discuss the methods that Charles Darwin pioneered to understand a variety of complex systems in terms of their historical processes of change. We suggest that the Darwinian approach to hydrology follows his lead by focusing attention on the patterns of variation in populations, seeking hypotheses that explain these patterns in terms of the mechanisms and conditions that determine their historical development, using deduction and modeling to derive consequent hypotheses that follow from a proposed explanation, and critically testing these hypotheses against new observations. It is not sufficient to catalogue the patterns or predict them statistically. Nor is it sufficient for the explanations to amount to a "just-so" story not subject to critical analysis. Darwin's theories linked present-day variation to mechanisms that operated over history, and could be independently test and falsified by comparing new observations to the predictions of corollary hypotheses they generated. With a Darwinian framework in mind it is easy to see that a great deal of hydrologic research has already been done that contributes to a Darwinian hydrology – whether deliberately or not. The various heuristic methods that Darwin used to develop explanatory theories – extrapolating mechanisms, space for time substitution, and looking for signatures of history – have direct application in

  13. Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, directional selection, and the evolutionary sciences today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich

    2009-11-01

    The book On the Origin of Species, published in November 1859, is an “abstract” without references, compiled by Charles Darwin from a much longer manuscript entitled “Natural Selection.” Here, I summarize the five theories that can be extracted from Darwin’s monograph, explain the true meaning of the phrase “struggle for life” (i.e., competition and cooperation), and outline Darwin’s original concept of natural selection in populations of animals and plants. Since neither Darwin nor Alfred R. Wallace distinguished between stabilizing and directional natural selection, the popular argument that “selection only eliminates but is not creative” is still alive today. However, I document that August Weismann ( Die Bedeutung der sexuellen Fortpflanzung für die Selektions-Theorie. Gustav Fischer-Verlag, Jena, 1886) and Ivan Schmalhausen ( Factors of evolution. The theory of stabilizing selection. The Blackiston Company, Philadelphia, 1949) provided precise definitions for directional (dynamic) selection in nature and illustrate this “Weismann-Schmalhausen principle” with respect to the evolutionary development of novel phenotypes. Then, the modern (synthetic) theory of biological evolution that is based on the work of Theodosius Dobzhansky ( Genetics and the origin of species. Columbia University Press, New York, 1937) and others, and the expanded version of this system of theories, are outlined. Finally, I document that symbiogenesis (i.e., primary endosymbiosis, a process that gave rise to the first eukaryotic cells), ongoing directional natural selection, and the dynamic Earth (plate tectonics, i.e., geological events that both created and destroyed terrestrial and aquatic habitats) were the key processes responsible for the documented macroevolutionary patterns in all five kingdoms of life. Since the evolutionary development of the earliest archaic bacteria more than 3,500 mya, the biosphere of our dynamic planet has been dominated by

  14. 'A Photographic Scramble through Spain': El papel del libro de Charles Clifford en la divulgación de una imagen de España / An image of Spain in Charles Clifford’s book

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Bullough

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Al fotógrafo británico, Charles Clifford (1819-1863 se le conoce como uno de los pioneros de la fotografía comercial en España. Sin embargo, hasta ahora, poco se sabe sobre el papel que jugó su libro A Photographic Scramble through Spain como complemento a sus fotografías. Este trabajo analiza el uso del libro, no sólo como herramienta comercial, sino en su papel de proyectar la imagen de España que Clifford deseaba mostrar a sus clientes y lectores en el Reino Unido.The British photographer, Charles Clifford (1819-1863 is best known as one of the pioneers of commercial photography in Spain. However, until now, little has been said about the role of his book, A Photographic Scramble through Spain as a complement to his photographs. This study will show how Clifford not only used the book as a commercial instrument but also as a means to convey the image of Spain that he wished to show to his potential buyers and readers in the United Kingdom 

  15. Síndrome de Charles Bonnet: alucinações visuais em pacientes com doenças oculares - Relato de caso Charles Bonnet syndrome: visual hallucinations in patients with ocular diseases - Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Cortizo

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, os autores descrevem dois casos de síndrome de Charles Bonnet, definida como a percepção de alucinações visuais complexas em pacientes com déficit visual, tendo os pacientes a consciência da natureza irreal do fenômeno. Grande número de casos não é diagnosticado pela ausência do questionamento direto do médico. Em vista do transtorno emocional causado por esta doença, o reconhecimento dos seus sintomas é essencial no manejo destes pacientes.In this article the authors report two cases of Charles Bonnet syndrome, defined as complex visual hallucinations in patients with low vision, and the patient is aware of the unreal nature of the phenomenon. A great number of cases is misdiagnosed due to lack of direct questioning by the physician. Since the emotional distress caused by this disease, the knowledge of its symptoms is essential in the management of these patients.

  16. Die ‘vergroening’ van die Christelike godsdiens: Charles Darwin, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin en Lloyd Geering

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    Izak J.J. (Sakkie Spangenberg

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The greening of Christianity: Charles Darwin, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and Lloyd Geering. Since the time of Charles Darwin, evolutionary biology challenged the metanarrative of Christianity which can be summarised as Fall-Redemption-Judgement. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin tried to circumvent these challenges by integrating the traditional Christian doctrines with evolutionary biology. However, he did not succeed since the Catholic Church, time and again, vetoed his theological publications. A number of Protestant theologians promoted his views but even they could not convince ordinary Christians to accept his views. These were too esoteric for Christians. Most of them were convinced that the acceptance of the theory of evolution will eventually undermine their faith. In recent years Lloyd Geering argued a case for the creation of a new narrative in which the Big Bang and the theory of evolution do play a role. He calls it the ‘Greening of Christianity’. This article discusses the metanarrative of Christianity and the challenges the theory of evolution presents before it assesses the views of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and Lloyd Geering.

  17. Peronosporomycetes (Oomycota from a Middle Permian permineralised peat within the Bainmedart Coal Measures, Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica.

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    Ben J Slater

    Full Text Available The fossil record of Peronosporomycetes (water moulds is rather sparse, though their distinctive ornamentation means they are probably better reported than some true fungal groups. Here we describe a rare Palaeozoic occurrence of this group from a Guadalupian (Middle Permian silicified peat deposit in the Bainmedart Coal Measures, Prince Charles Mountains, Antarctica. Specimens are numerous and comprise two morphologically distinct kinds of ornamented oogonia, of which some are attached to hyphae by a septum. Combresomyces caespitosus sp. nov. consists of spherical oogonia bearing densely spaced, long, hollow, slender, conical papillae with multiple sharply pointed, strongly divergent, apical branches that commonly form a pseudoreticulate pattern under optical microscopy. The oogonia are attached to a parental hypha by a short truncated stalk with a single septum. Combresomyces rarus sp. nov. consists of spherical oogonia bearing widely spaced, hollow, broad, conical papillae that terminate in a single bifurcation producing a pair of acutely divergent sharply pointed branches. The oogonium bears a short truncate extension where it attaches to the parental hypha. We propose that similarities in oogonium shape, size, spine morphology and hyphal attachment between the Permian forms from the Prince Charles Mountains and other reported Peronosporomycetes from Devonian to Triassic strata at widely separated localities elsewhere in the world delimit an extinct but once cosmopolitan Palaeozoic to early Mesozoic branch of the peronosporomycete clade. We name this order Combresomycetales and note that it played an important role in late Palaeozoic and early Mesozoic peatland ecosystems worldwide.

  18. The socio-hydrologic evolution of human-flood interactions on the Charles and Mystic River, eastern Massachusetts, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertz, Z.

    2015-12-01

    Socio-hydrology is an emerging subdiscipline for identifying the emergent properties of human-flood interactions. The Charles and the Mystic Rivers, in eastern Massachusetts, have been the subject of such interactions for hundreds of years. Over time, human dependency and settlement have altered the natural conditions of the rivers, and changed the potential for flood occurrence and property damage. As a result, flood management strategies have been enacted to counter this potential. Before we can assess how human vulnerability and actions related to river flooding will change under future climate conditions, we must first document the evolution of flooding and flood management and understand the motivations and thresholds of response that describe how the system has evolved in the past. We have mined historical data from traditional and non-traditional sources and have developed "mental models" from in-depth interviews of key personnel. We will present the socio-hydrological history of the Charles and Mystic Rivers and recommend how this information can inform future flood management strategies in the face of climate change.

  19. Naturalizing semiotics: The triadic sign of Charles Sanders Peirce as a systems property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilstrup, Mogens

    2015-12-01

    The father of pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce, gave in 1903 the following definition of a sign: "A Sign, or Representamen, is a First which stands in such a genuine triadic relation to a Second, called its Object, as to be capable of determining a Third, called its Interpretant, to assume the same triadic relation to its Object in which it stands itself to the same Object. The triadic relation is genuine, that is its three members are bound together by it in a way that does not consist in any complexus of dyadic relations". Despite its cult status and its pragmatic foundation, the Peircean sign has never revealed its true potential by being integrated into a formal system. In the present report, a reconstruction of the sign model is presented, which may at first appear somewhat obvious and superficial. However by use of the reconstructed model, the above statement and the majority of Peirce's other statements about the nature of signs fall into place. Instead of defining three links between Object (O), Representamen (R), and Interpretant (I), the sign is described as having a single three-dimensional link, specifying its location in a three dimensional (O,R,I) linkage space. To understand and explain sign function, the process of sign utilization (semiosis) has to be divided into two temporally separated phases, a sign-establishment phase where a three-dimensional link (Ψ(O,R,I)) is formed between three sign elements, and a later sign-interpretation phase where the established linkage is used for inferring significance to a novel phenomenon, if this satisfies the criteria for being a Representamen for the sign. Numerous statements from Peirce indicate that he used a two-staged semiosis paradigm although he did not state that explicitly. The three-dimensional model was primarily constructed for use in biosemiotics, as an exploratory frame for mapping the evolutionary establishment of sign links, which logically must have preceded the fixation of any regulatory

  20. Changes in serum progesterone concentrations in Bernese mountain dogs and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels during pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thejll Kirchhoff, K; Goericke-Pesch, S

    2016-10-15

    Progesterone (P4) concentrations during canine pregnancy follow a specific pattern. Although the general pattern is similar, it is likely that breed-specific differences exist. Detailed knowledge about the physiological range of P4 concentrations may be helpful in cases of suspected hypoluteoidism. The aim of this study was to investigate P4 changes during pregnancy in a small and a large breed, to obtain reference values for specific intervals during pregnancy and to test for breed- or body weight-specific differences. We studied P4 concentrations in pregnancies from healthy Bernese mountain dogs (BMDs, n = 6) and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCSs, n = 6) with a normal reproductive history. Blood samples for P4 were taken to determine the day of ovulation and after confirmation of pregnancy in regular intervals from Days 23 to 29 to Days 60 to 64. Bernese mountain dogs delivered 6.2 ± 2.6 puppies (range: 3-9) 63.4 ± 1.5 (range: 61-65) days after ovulation (excluding data from one BMD with elective c-section) and CKCS delivered 3.3 ± 1.9 puppies (range: 1-5) 63.5 ± 1.1 (range: 62-65) days after ovulation. In general, the P4 concentrations of individual dogs continuously decreased from the first to the last sampling during pregnancy. Respective mean concentrations were Days 23 to 29: 19.2 ± 4.3/22.2 ± 3.9 ng/mL (BMD/CKCS), Days 30 to 34: 15.6 ± 2.3/17.7 ± 5.8 ng/mL, Days 35 to 39: 12.5 ± 2.8/14.1 ± 3.4 ng/mL, Days 40 to 44: 8.9 ± 1.4/11.8 ± 3.7 ng/mL, Days 45 to 49: 7.7 ± 1.6/8.9 ± 1.9 ng/mL, Days 50 to 54: 6.0 ± 1.3/8.7 ± 7.1 ng/mL, Days 55 to 59: 4.7 ± 1.2/5.3 ± 2.8 ng/mL, and Days 60 to 64: 3.69 ± 1.86/2.62 ± 0.42 ng/mL. ANOVA indicated significant differences over time within each breed when considered individually (P < 0.0001 each), but not between breeds although mean P4 was slightly lower in BMD until Days 55 to 59. The present data clearly confirm the previously described P4 pattern

  1. Como era ardiloso o meu francês: Charles-Marie de la Condamine e a Amazônia das Luzes How cunning was my little Frenchman: Charles-Marie de la Condamine and the eighteenth-century Amazon

    OpenAIRE

    Neil Safier

    2009-01-01

    Este artigo discute as ferramentas bibliográficas e etnográficas utilizadas por Charles-Marie de la Condamine (1701-1774) ao representar o rio Amazonas ao público europeu em meados do século XVIII. Partindo de uma análise das suas descrições de populações indígenas e das fontes que La Condamine aproveitou ao longo de sua viagem rio abaixo, destacam-se as estratégias narrativas que lhe possibilitaram escrever um texto repleto de observações supostamente de primeira mão. O artigo também analisa...

  2. ARTE GÓTICO Y PAISAJE SUBLIME. EL VIAJE DE CHARLES-ÉDOUARD JEANNERET A LA TOSCANA EN 1907

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Américo Hidalgo Hermosilla

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN. En este artículo se exponen dos aspectos centrales del viaje de Ch-E. Jeanneret a Italia, en 1907, en la que fue su primera experiencia de aprendizaje viajando, es decir, a partir de la observación directa de las obras de arte que le interesaba reconocer, pero aún guiada por los dictámenes de su maestro, Charles L'Eplattenier, el cual, a su vez, en aquella época estaba muy influido por los criterios estéticos y de enseñanza del dibujo de John Ruskin. Un primer aspecto, se refiere a su preferencia por obras de arte de la Edad Media, y cuyo acento estaba en la ornamentación. El segundo, tenía que ver con una particular dimensión paisajística del lugar al cual se desplazaba: la Toscana, que llevaba completamente idealizada, desde el imaginario romántico. A partir de estas dos instancias, podemos sintetizar la índole de sus intereses de juventud, como así mismo, la forma en que se aproximaba al mundo. Por tanto, el objetivo de este artículo es revelar aspectos por mucho tiempo desconocidos relativos a la etapa de formación de uno de los arquitectos más influyentes del siglo XX. SUMMARY. This article explores two central aspects of the journey by Charles-Édouard Jeanneret to Italy in 1907. It was his first experience of learning through the direct observation of the art works that he was interested in seeing while travelling. At this stage, he was still guided by the opinions of his teacher, Charles L'Eplattenier, who at the time was very influenced by the aesthetic criteria and the drawing teachings of John Ruskin. The first aspect relates to the preference of Jeanneret for works of art of the Middle-Ages, the accent of which was on ornamentation. The second relates to the particular scenic dimension of the place to which he travelled, Tuscany, which had been completely idealized by romantic imagination. From these two aspects we can synthesise the nature of his youthful interests and also the way in which he approached

  3. Charles Darwin in Australia; or How To Introduce Some Local Colour to the Teaching of Evolution, Geology, Meteorology, and the Determination of Longitude.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholas, Frank W.

    The background to Charles Darwin's little-known visit to Australia, and the account of his experiences while here, provide some invaluable historical material for teaching evolution, geology, meteorology, and the determination of longitude. Indeed, by using his Australian experiences as a foundation, it is possible to explain the theory of…

  4. In Response: "Psychology Is a Behavioral Science, Not a Biological Science", by Gary Greenberg and Charles Lambdin--Correct Conclusion, Unsound Arguments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Gary Greenberg and Charles Lambdin's review (in the summer 2007 issue) does an excellent job of summarizing the contents of Uttal's book "Neural Theories of Mind: Why the Mind-Brain Problem May Never Be Solved" (hereafter NTM). These authors make several insightful comments about the issues raised in NTM. In this response, the author disagrees,…

  5. Léopold Flameng et Charles Meryon : à propos d’un portrait conservé au Louvre

    OpenAIRE

    Page, Alexandre

    2014-01-01

    En 1858 Léopold Flameng, alors jeune graveur à la carrière montante, réalise un dessin de son confrère, Charles Meryon. Vouée originellement à demeurer un souvenir intime, cette œuvre est devenue la plus connue et la plus diffusée de son auteur, appartenant aux collections du Louvre et figurant aujourd’hui sous sa forme gravée, dans les cabinets d’arts graphiques des plus grands musées du monde. L’objet de cette étude sera de comprendre les raisons pour lesquelles ce dessin obtînt un tel succ...

  6. How Two Sides of the Atlantic Contributed to Understanding of the Global Oceans: Charles Yentsch and Andre Morel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acker, James G.

    2013-01-01

    In a few short days in September of this year, the ocean color/ocean optics community lost two of the founding members of its Hall of FameCharles Yentsch and Andre Morel. Yentsch passed away at the age of 85 on September 19, and Morel passed away on September 23 at the age of 79. It might sound clich to say that someone was instrumental to the advance of science in a particular field, but in the case of Yentsch and Morel and ocean color instrumentation, such an assessment would likely be accurate. Each mans career complimented that of the other Yentsch was one of the first to make measurements of the light field of the ocean from altitude and to advocate an instrument in space that could observe the spectrum of ocean radiance Morels theoretical underpinnings established a firm foundation for the measurements such an instrument could make, allowing their successful interpretation.

  7. There is grandeur in this view of Newton: Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton and Victorian conceptions of scientific virtue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellon, Richard

    2014-01-01

    For Victorian men of science, the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century represented a moral awakening. Great theoretical triumphs of inductive science flowed directly from a philosophical spirit that embraced the virtues of self-discipline, courage, patience and humility. Isaac Newton exemplified this union of moral and intellectual excellence. This, at least, was the story crafted by scientific leaders like David Brewster, Thomas Chalmers, John Herschel, Adam Sedgwick and William Whewell. Not everyone accepted this reading of history. Evangelicals who decried the 'materialism' of mainstream science assigned a different meaning to Newton's legacy on behalf of their 'scriptural' alternative. High-church critics of science like John Henry Newman, on the other hand, denied that Newton's secular achievements carried any moral significance at all. These debates over Newtonian standards of philosophical behavior had a decisive influence on Charles Darwin as he developed his theory of evolution by natural selection. PMID:25455541

  8. There is grandeur in this view of Newton: Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton and Victorian conceptions of scientific virtue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellon, Richard

    2014-01-01

    For Victorian men of science, the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century represented a moral awakening. Great theoretical triumphs of inductive science flowed directly from a philosophical spirit that embraced the virtues of self-discipline, courage, patience and humility. Isaac Newton exemplified this union of moral and intellectual excellence. This, at least, was the story crafted by scientific leaders like David Brewster, Thomas Chalmers, John Herschel, Adam Sedgwick and William Whewell. Not everyone accepted this reading of history. Evangelicals who decried the 'materialism' of mainstream science assigned a different meaning to Newton's legacy on behalf of their 'scriptural' alternative. High-church critics of science like John Henry Newman, on the other hand, denied that Newton's secular achievements carried any moral significance at all. These debates over Newtonian standards of philosophical behavior had a decisive influence on Charles Darwin as he developed his theory of evolution by natural selection.

  9. "I listened with my eyes": writing speech and reading deafness in the fiction of Charles Dickens and Wilkie Collins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmail, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    While characters with disabilities appear frequently in Victorian fiction, deaf characters, specifically, are almost entirely absent. In fact, the only deaf characters who use sign language in Victorian fiction are Madonna Blyth in Wilkie Collins’s Hide and Seek and Sophy Marigold in Charles Dickens’s “Doctor Marigold.” Grounding its analysis in these two texts, this article contends that it is, in particular, a deaf character’s relationship to language that disqualifies him or her from conventional representation in Victorian fiction. Through reading Hide and Seek and “Doctor Marigold” in the context of Victorian deaf history, Collins and Dickens’s realist aims, and Victorian generic conventions rooted in transcribing orality, this essay argues that the absence of deaf characters reveals the investment of mid-Victorian fiction in a particular and normativized relationship between bodies, spoken language, and textuality. PMID:22235490

  10. Charles J. Pedersen: innovator in macrocyclic chemistry and co-recipient of the 1987 Nobel Prize in chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izatt, Reed M

    2007-02-01

    Charles J. Pedersen began life in Korea where his father was employed as an engineer at a gold mine in a remote region of that country. He received his primary and secondary school education in Japan and university training in the United States. He was employed as an organic research chemist at DuPont for 42 years. The signal accomplishment of this unusual individual was his serendipitous discovery of macrocyclic polyethers and of their selective complexation of alkali metal cations. This discovery sparked the development of a new field of chemistry and led to his sharing the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1987. An attempt is made to understand Pedersen as a person in this article.

  11. Understanding Cultural Difference Management through Charles Taylor’s Philosophy: Case Studies from the Food Processing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Marleau Ouellet

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we use the work of the philosopher, Charles Taylor, to investigate the role of culture on internationalization decisions. Using parameters related to key constructs such as positive liberty, social ontology, expressivism, civic republicanism and common spaces, we look at how culture influences the decisions regarding corporate international expansion. This framework was applied in a multi-interview design in four firms from the food processing industry from France and Canada. Results showed an obvious sensitivity to cultural difference and that managerial practices surrounding this issue tended to be intuitive and emergent. These practices were not crystallized in the form of a conscious and deliberate organizational strategy for dealing with cultural difference when planning foreign market entry. Our findings triggered further reflections on managerial implications such as the importance of searching more explicitly for cultural and organizational anchors when reviewing location factors.

  12. Influence and canonical supremacy: an analysis of how George Herbert Mead demoted Charles Horton Cooley in the sociological canon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Glenn

    2009-01-01

    This analysis assesses the factors underlying Charles Horton Cooley's place in the sociological canon as they relate to George Herbert Mead's puzzling diatribe-echoed in secondary accounts-against Cooley's social psychology and view of the self published scarcely a year after his death. The illocutionary act of publishing his critique stands as an effort to project the image of Mead's intellectual self and enhance his standing among sociologists within and outside the orbit of the University of Chicago. It expressed Mead's ambivalence toward his precursor Cooley, whose influence he never fully acknowledged. In addition, it typifies the contending fractal distinctions of the scientifically discursive versus literary styles of Mead and Cooley, who both founded the interpretive sociological tradition. The contrasting styles and attitudes toward writing of the two figures are discussed, and their implications for the problems of scale that have stymied the symbolic interactionist tradition are explored. PMID:19360893

  13. "The orchids have been a splendid sport"--an alternative look at Charles Darwin's contribution to orchid biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yam, Tim Wing; Arditti, Joseph; Cameron, Kenneth M

    2009-12-01

    Charles Darwin's work with orchids and his thoughts about them are of great interest and not a little pride for those who are interested in these plants, but they are generally less well known than some of his other studies and ideas. Much has been published on what led to his other books and views. However, there is a paucity of information in the general literature on how Darwin's orchid book came about. This review will describe how The Various Contrivances by Which Orchids Are Fertilised by Insects came into being and will discuss the taxonomy of the orchids he studied. It also will concentrate on some of the less well-known aspects of Darwin's work and observations on orchids-namely, rostellum, seeds and their germination, pollination effects, and resupination-and their influence on subsequent investigators, plant physiology, and orchid science.

  14. ‘Domestic utility and useful lines: Jean-Charles Krafft’s and Thomas Hope’s outlines’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis H. Cohen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Through a study of design publications by the architect and draughtsman, Jean-Charles Krafft (1764-1833, and aristocrat and designer Thomas Hope (1769-1831, this paper examines how Neoclassicism’s material products – its architecture and objects of interior design – participated in an intellectual history of utility c. 1800. This paper gives special attention to the outline drawing, arguing that its graphic idiom is an integral feature of Krafft and Hope’s work, linking the value they ascribe to useful buildings and objects to ideas about how the lines of their illustrations were to participate both in design processes and in the promotion of neoclassical aesthetics.

  15. D'un roman à métamorphoses : la composition du Francion de Charles Sorel

    OpenAIRE

    Serroy, Jean

    2013-01-01

    Boursouflé, incohérent, excessif : si le Francion de Charles Sorel appelle ordinairement la qualification de baroque, c'est de façon péjorative, dans le sens à peu près où Quatremère de Quincy disait du baroque qu'il est le superlatif du bizarre. Il va sans dire qu'une telle approche ne saurait rendre compte que superficiellement et du baroque, et du roman. Toutefois, une lecture plus pénétrante ne garantit pas pour autant un jugement moins sévère. Ainsi, lorsque Henri Coulet reconnaît en Sor...

  16. Images of the Recent Past: Readings in Historical Archaeology, edited by Charles E. Orser Jr. Altamira Press, Walnut Creek, 1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan Malin-Boyce

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available When searching for a reader in historical archaeology this volume is the place to start. Charles Orser has collected some fine examples of historical archaeology for this publication that spans over a decade of research. They introduc emethod, theory, the underlying philosophical issues behind theory, and the appli­cation of all of these to archaeological data sets of the historic period. The volume is organized thematically into six sections each with its own introduction. In all there are twenty chapters and Orser's introduction to the volume. The first and final sections offer perspectives on the state of historical archaeology as an endeavor, both in the United States and abroad. The remainder of the volume presents case studies in several categories. Though these categories seem somewhat arbitrary given the breadth of the material covered, they do serve to juxtapose articles facilitating an appreciation for the complementarity of varied approaches.

  17. Planning ideology and geographic thought in the early twentieth century: Charles Whitnall's progressive era park designs for socialist Milwaukee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Lorne A

    2010-01-01

    As Milwaukee’s chief park planner in the early to mid-twentieth century, Charles Whitnall responded to the various underlying ideologies of the period within which he worked. His preference for parks was a political and physical response to and remedy for the industrialized and heavily congested city he called home. By examining the Progressive Era discourse associated with planning, this article situates Whitnall’s work within the political, aesthetic, and environmental contexts of geographic thought that influenced his plans for Milwaukee. In promoting a physical awareness associated with the natural features of the region and responding to the sociopolitical framework of contemporaries such as Ebenezer Howard, Whitnall incorporated a sense of compassion within his planning. He responded to the preexisting beer gardens of Pabst and Schlitz, as well as Olmsted-designed park spaces, by advocating for decentralization as part of a broader socialist agenda that had swept through Milwaukee during the early 1900s. PMID:21140940

  18. Charles Michie Smith - founder of the Kodaikanal (Solar Physics) Observatory and beginnings of physical astronomy in India

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, N Kameswara; Birdie, Christina

    2014-01-01

    It has been about 115 years since the establishment of Kodaikanal Observatory as an extension of the original Madras Observatory, which has evolved into the present Indian Institute of Astrophysics at Bangalore. It is also the first mountain observatory in India. Charles Michie Smith was the man who selected the site, established the observatory and directed it for the first 12 years. He was also the man who recruited John Evershed, discoverer of the famous Evershed effect and established Kodaikanal Observatory as a major centre for solar physics. Michie Smith, the person and the establishment of Kodaikanal Observatory are discussed here in the context of the early studies in physical astronomy (observational astrophysics) in India.

  19. "I listened with my eyes": writing speech and reading deafness in the fiction of Charles Dickens and Wilkie Collins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmail, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    While characters with disabilities appear frequently in Victorian fiction, deaf characters, specifically, are almost entirely absent. In fact, the only deaf characters who use sign language in Victorian fiction are Madonna Blyth in Wilkie Collins’s Hide and Seek and Sophy Marigold in Charles Dickens’s “Doctor Marigold.” Grounding its analysis in these two texts, this article contends that it is, in particular, a deaf character’s relationship to language that disqualifies him or her from conventional representation in Victorian fiction. Through reading Hide and Seek and “Doctor Marigold” in the context of Victorian deaf history, Collins and Dickens’s realist aims, and Victorian generic conventions rooted in transcribing orality, this essay argues that the absence of deaf characters reveals the investment of mid-Victorian fiction in a particular and normativized relationship between bodies, spoken language, and textuality.

  20. Hydrologic data for the Weldon Spring radioactive waste-disposal sites, St. Charles County, Missouri; 1984-1986

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleeschulte, M.J.; Emmett, L.F.; Barks, J.H.

    1986-01-01

    Hydrologic and water quality data were collected during an investigation of the Weldon Spring radioactive waste disposal sites and surroundings area in St. Charles County, Missouri, from 1984 to 1986. The data consists of water quality analyses of samples collected from 45 groundwater and 27 surface water sites. This includes analyses of water from four raffinate pits and from the Weldon Spring quarry. Also included in the report are the results of a seepage run on north flowing tributaries to Dardenne Creek from Kraut Run to Crooked Creek. Mean daily discharge from April 1985 to April 1986 is given for two springs located about 1.5 mi north of the chemical plant. (USGS)

  1. Naturalizing semiotics: The triadic sign of Charles Sanders Peirce as a systems property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilstrup, Mogens

    2015-12-01

    The father of pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce, gave in 1903 the following definition of a sign: "A Sign, or Representamen, is a First which stands in such a genuine triadic relation to a Second, called its Object, as to be capable of determining a Third, called its Interpretant, to assume the same triadic relation to its Object in which it stands itself to the same Object. The triadic relation is genuine, that is its three members are bound together by it in a way that does not consist in any complexus of dyadic relations". Despite its cult status and its pragmatic foundation, the Peircean sign has never revealed its true potential by being integrated into a formal system. In the present report, a reconstruction of the sign model is presented, which may at first appear somewhat obvious and superficial. However by use of the reconstructed model, the above statement and the majority of Peirce's other statements about the nature of signs fall into place. Instead of defining three links between Object (O), Representamen (R), and Interpretant (I), the sign is described as having a single three-dimensional link, specifying its location in a three dimensional (O,R,I) linkage space. To understand and explain sign function, the process of sign utilization (semiosis) has to be divided into two temporally separated phases, a sign-establishment phase where a three-dimensional link (Ψ(O,R,I)) is formed between three sign elements, and a later sign-interpretation phase where the established linkage is used for inferring significance to a novel phenomenon, if this satisfies the criteria for being a Representamen for the sign. Numerous statements from Peirce indicate that he used a two-staged semiosis paradigm although he did not state that explicitly. The three-dimensional model was primarily constructed for use in biosemiotics, as an exploratory frame for mapping the evolutionary establishment of sign links, which logically must have preceded the fixation of any regulatory

  2. Ciência e educação: a propósito do bicentenário do nascimento de Charles Darwin Science and education: about Charles Darwin's 200th birthday

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Pino

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa à evocação da memória do grande naturalista e cientista britânico Charles Darwin no bicentenário do seu nascimento. A melhor maneira de evocar sua memória é trazer à reflexão dos leitores as ideias de suas três obras maiores: A origem das espécies (1859, A descendência do homem (1871 e A expressão das emoções no homem e nos animais (1872. Após apresentar a importância e a oportunidade de Darwin no debate contemporâneo, o texto inicia com uma rápida referência aos antecedentes históricos da "teoria da evolução" e às reações que ela produz. Na sequência, a obra de Darwin é situada no contexto histórico da sua época. Apresenta-se também um breve histórico das três obras maiores e uma análise das suas principais ideias. Conclui-se o texto com uma indicação sumária de algumas questões que as ideias de Darwin colocam à ciência contemporânea e, em especial, à reflexão no campo da Educação.This paper evokes the memory of the British naturalist and scientist, Charles Darwin on his 200th birthday. The best way to do so is to invite our readers to reflect on some ideas of three books of his: The origin of species (1859, Descent of man (1871 and The expression of emotions in man and animals (1872. After presenting the importance and appropriateness of Darwin in the contemporaneous debate, the text rapidly explores the historical precedents of the so called "theory of evolution" and the reactions to it. It then situates Darwin's works in its historical context and presents a brief history of these three books and an analysis of their main ideas. As a conclusion, it summarizes how Darwin's ideas question contemporary science and, more particularly, the reflection in the field of education.

  3. Oceanographic profile, temperature, salinity, oxygen, and other measurements collected using bottle casts from the CHARLES DARWIN in the North Atlantic from 27 April 1991 to 6 June 1991 (NODC Accession 0000509)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical, chemical, and nutrients data were collected from bottle casts in the North Atlantic from the CHARLES DARWIN from 27 April 1991 to 6 June 1991. Data were...

  4. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from CHARLES DARWIN in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean from 1986-12-20 to 1987-08-14 (NCEI Accession 9000045)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) data with oxygen was collected off of Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea using Charles Darwin ship as part of Monsoon And...

  5. 1980 annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge, Halfbreed National Wildlife Refuge, Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge, War Horse National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1980 calendar...

  6. HENRY CHARLES LEA Y SU RED DE COLABORADORES LATINOAMERICANOS: RAZONES PARA ESTUDIAR EL SANTO OFICIO EN LA SEGUNDA MITAD DEL SIGLO XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Moreno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda en este artículo la vida y pensamiento de Henry Charles Lea en relación a sus estudios sobre la historia de la Inquisición española. Se esboza brevemente la red de colaboradores que Lea estableció en toda Latinoamérica así como su perfil político e intelectual, subrayando su importancia para la escritura de la obra The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies (1908. Finalmente, se plantean los motivos que llevaron a estos intelectuales a colaborar intensamente con el historiador norteamericano en el marco de los procesos de construcción de identidades sociales y políticas en Latinoamérica en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Se toma como eje conductor de este planteamiento la correspondencia de Juan María Gutiérrez con Henry Charles Lea.

  7. Maria Gabriela Llansol retradutora de Charles BaudelaireDOI: 10.5007/2175-7968.2010v1n25p113

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Faleiros

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available En 2003, Maria Gabriela Llansol publie une traduction innova-trice des Fleurs du mal, de Charles Baudelaire, où elle établit des critères particulier pour la traduction de chaque poème. À partir de deux exemples, cet article a comme objectif de réfléchir sur  la portée de ce projet traductif.

  8. Le coup d'oeil du scarab\\'ee : Charles Nordmann, ou pourquoi la guerre est l'affaire des savants

    CERN Document Server

    David, Aubin

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the wartime activities of the astronomer Charles Nordmann from the Paris Observatory. Nordmann was briefly mobilized in 1914 before starting to work on sound-ranging. He also wrote a witness account of the war as well as a monthly scientific chronicle in the influential Revue des Deux Mondes. We argue that his work can be interpretation as the conscious demonstration that war was the business of scientists.

  9. Reducing CSOs and giving the river back to the public: innovative combined sewer overflow control and riverbanks restoration of the St. Charles River in Quebec City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fradet, Olivier; Pleau, Martin; Marcoux, Christiane

    2011-01-01

    After the construction of its wastewater treatment plants, the City of Quebec began to implement overflow control in wet weather to ultimately meet the effluent discharge objectives, i.e. no more than two overflows per summer season in the St. Lawrence River and no more than four in the St-Charles River. After several years of studies to determine which management strategies would best suit the purpose, and to propose optimum solutions, a first project to implement optimal and predictive management in real time, called "Pilot", came to life in 1999. Construction in phases soon followed and the work was completed in the fall of 2009. As a result, requirements with regard to environmental rejects were met in two sectors, namely the St-Charles River and the Jacques-Cartier Beach, and aquatic recreational activities could resume. Meanwhile, the City also worked at giving back access to the water courses to the public by developing sites at the Jacques-Cartier Beach and in the Bay of Beauport, and by rehabilitating the banks of the St-Charles River. PMID:21252439

  10. A crítica de Charles Taylor ao naturalismo na Ciência Política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Losso

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Os mais recentes esforços de revitalização do enfoque interpretativo na Ciência Política têm sua gênese na década de 1960, quando vários autores passaram a advogar a centralidade do estudo dos significados lingüístico e hermenêutico dos fenômenos políticos. Dentre tais autores, destaca-se o filósofo e politólogo Charles Taylor, cujos textos dos anos 1960 e 1970 desferem críticas contundentes ao naturalismo subjacente ao mainstream da Ciência Política da época. Meu objetivo é explorar a crítica de Taylor ao naturalismo, pensadas no contexto de uma proposta de abordagem interpretativa para a Ciência Política. Primeiramente, contextualizarei as contribuições de Taylor no âmbito mais amplo do interpretive turn nas Ciências Sociais. Em seguida, sumarizarei as reservas que Quentin Skinner e Clifford Geertz apresentam à crítica de Taylor.

  11. Identification of 2 loci associated with development of myxomatous mitral valve disease in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Majbritt Busk; Olsen, Lisbeth Høier; Häggström, Jens;

    2011-01-01

    Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is the most common heart disease in dogs. It is characterized by chronic progressive degenerative lesions of the mitral valve. The valve leaflets become thickened and prolapse into the left atrium resulting in mitral regurgitation (MR). MMVD is most prevalent...... in small to medium sized dog breeds, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS) in particular. The onset of MMVD is highly age dependent, and at the age of 10 years, nearly all CKCS are affected. The incidence of a similar disease in humans-mitral valve prolapse-is 1-5%. By defining CKCSs with an early onset...... of MMVD as cases and old dogs with no or mild signs of MMVD as controls, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify loci associated with development of MMVD. We have identified a 1.58 Mb region on CFA13 (P(genome) = 4.0 × 10(-5)) and a 1.68 Mb region on CFA14 (P(genome) = 7.9 × 10...

  12. The fossil mammals collected byCharles Darwin in South America during his travels on board the HMS Beagle

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    Juan Carlos Fernicola

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Duringthe first two years of his voyage aboard HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin collected aconsiderable number of fossil mammals from various localities in Argentina andUruguay. Among these remains are those of large mammals that Darwin informallyassigned to Megatherium and Mastodon, the only large taxa thenknown for South America, and of small and mediumsized mammals that Darwinrecognized as representing at least two rodents and a horse. The study ofDarwin's collection was entrusted to Richard Owen, who described eleven taxabetween 1837 and 1845, including the six following ones: Toxodon platensis,Macrauchenia patachonica, Equus curvidens, Scelidotherium leptocephalum,Mylodon darwini and Glossotherium sp. This contribution provides asynthesis of Darwin's preliminary assignments and evaluates the reasons thatled him to recognize only megatheres and mastodonts for the large fossilremains. Also, it discusses the current taxonomic status of the taxa describedor erected by Owen between 1837 and 1845 and the influence that Owen'staxonomic and phylogenetic conclusions had on the development of Darwin's ideason evolution.

  13. Evolution in a fully constituted world: Charles Darwin's debts towards a static world in the Origin of Species (1859).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delisle, Richard G

    2014-01-01

    The Transformist Revolution was a long intellectual quest that has expanded from the 18th century to today. One area of inquiry after another has confronted the necessity of recasting its object of study under an evolutionary view: human history, geology, biology, astronomy, etc. No single scholar fully managed to make the transition from a static worldview to an evolutionary one during his or her own lifetime; Charles Darwin is no exception. Many versions of evolutionism were proposed during this revolution, versions offering all sorts of compromises between old and new views. Not sufficiently acknowledged in the historiography is the profoundness of Darwin's debts towards the old static view. As a dual child of the Scientific Revolution and natural theology, Darwin inherited key concepts such as stability, completeness, timelessness, unity, permanence, and uniformity. Darwin took these concepts into consideration while erecting his theory of biological evolution. Unsurprisingly, this theory was ill-equipped to embrace the directionality, historicity, and novelty that came along with a new evolutionary world. This paper analyses a fundamental idea at the heart of Darwin's Origins of Species (1859) inherited from a static, stable, and machine-like conception of the world: the notion of a fully constituted world. Although in principle antithetical to the very idea of evolution itself, Darwin found a way to 'loosen up' this notion so as to retain it in a way that allows for some kind of evolutionary change.

  14. « Writing into a Void » : Charles Bukowski and the Little Magazines

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    Abel Debritto

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The little magazines were instrumental in turning Charles Bukowski into a hugely popular figure in American letters and, yet, their significance in Bukowski’s early career has been largely overlooked. For Bukowski, the little magazines were the ideal outlet for his prolific output, and their editors, who saw him as a spiritual leader, championed his work so vehemently that he eventually became the most published author of the 1960s––his indisputable rise to fame in the alternative literary scene is displayed in the graphs provided. Bukowski’s position was ambiguous: he needed those periodicals to satisfy his hunger for exposure and recognition and, yet, he attacked their editors for their allegedly unskillful productions, especially in the case of the mimeographs. This previously uncharted territory is illustrated by means of a critical and historical journey through the main magazines of the period, stressing how zealously they published Bukowski’s work and helped him become an international icon.

  15. Balancing Necessity and Fallibilism: Charles Sanders Peirce on the Status of Mathematics and its Intersection with the Inquiry into Nature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Ronald

    An interest in Charles Sanders Peirce and pragmatist thought in general emerged in the United States in the middle of last century to exert a powerful influence on a generation of American philosophers educated in the 1940s and 1950s, including Abner Shimony, whose thought is the occasion for this paper. Those threads in Peirce's work related to developing a scientifically informed worldview and metaphysics were the natural influences on Abner and this paper will begin by briefly reviewing a number of these threads and their influences in his writings. This sets the scene for the main project of the paper, an earlier historical project on a related aspect of Peirce's thought—his understanding of mathematics and its place in the description of nature. Mathematics was a foundational discipline for Peirce, one with qualities of necessity and certainty, features that stand in interesting contrast and tension to Peirce's view of an evolving nature which is governed by chance and our knowledge of which is always fallible and thus open to revision. Exploring these issues reveals deep background beliefs structuring Peirce's thought. The paper concludes in the contemporary realm with the speculation that due to the scientific developments of the 20th century, aspects of Peirce's work that formed a vision for a scientific metaphysics for earlier generations may be less relevant now. Nevertheless, the naturalistic spirit and orientation of Peirce's work remains compelling and productive.

  16. L’affectivité au coeur même de la cognition et du langage : Charles Bally et Petar Guberina

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    Bogdanka Pavelin Lesic

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objectif de mettre en valeur la contribution de Charles Bally à la diversité linguistique contemporaine et en particulier son influence sur la linguistique de la parole de Petar Guberina. L’affectivité dans la cognition et dans l’expression est le sujet central des deux chercheurs. Nous parlerons d’abord du cadre théorique saussurien qui est le point de départ des deux linguistes. Ensuite nous suivrons le parcours de la linguistique stylistique à la théorie de l’énonciation et à la linguistique de la parole, ainsi que le passage théorique du sujet parlant au sujet communiquant. Autrement dit, dans la langue parlée et dans le discours, tout dépend du choix de l’Homme, être communiquant. La cognition et l’énonciation de l’être communiquant intègrent l’affectivité. Il n’y a ni pensée ni énonciation sans affectivité de l’être communiquant. C’est pourquoi il faut observer et expliquer la vraie valeur logique et affective des procédés humains de communication dans leur unité découlant d’une structuration dynamique permanente.

  17. Charles Darwin's reputation: how it changed during the twentieth-century and how it may change again.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amundson, Ron

    2014-01-01

    Charles Darwin died in 1882. During the twentieth century his reputation varied through time, as the scientific foundation of evolutionary theory changed. Beginning the century as an intellectual hero, he soon became a virtual footnote as experimental approaches to evolution began to develop. As the Modern Synthesis developed his reputation began to rise again until eventually he was identified as a founding father of the Modern Synthesis itself. In the meantime, developmental approaches to evolution began to challenge certain aspects of the Modern Synthesis. Synthesis authors attempted to refute the relevance of development by methodological arguments, some of them indirectly credited to Darwin. By the end of the century, molecular genetics had given new life to development approaches to evolution, now called evo devo. This must be seen as a refutation of the aforesaid methodological arguments of the Modern Synthesis advocates. By the way, we can also see now how the historiography that credited Darwin with the Synthesis was in error. In conclusion, one more historical revision is suggested.

  18. Keeping the fire burning: Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Richer, Charles Féré and Alfred Binet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was the one of the world's leading physicians during the final third of the 19th century. Rewarded in 1882 with the creation of the first chair in the diseases of the nervous system, he was extremely successful at recruiting loyal and talented students. Charcot himself never produced a general treatise on hysteria, but instead encouraged his pupils to write their own books. Here, we describe how the work on hysteria of Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Richer, Charles Féré and Alfred Binet was closely associated with Charcot, and how they remained faithful to their mentor. We will highlight the unusual personality of G. Gilles de la Tourette and the tragic end to his life, the exceptional artistic talent of P. Richer (writer and painter of his magnificently illustrated thesis), the prolific writing capacity of C. Féré (bearing witness to his broad fields of interest) and A. Binet (blessed with an extraordinary capacity for work, and author of The Psychology of Reasoning, before presenting his metric scale of intelligence).

  19. GRANDES ESPERANÇAS EM UM MUNDO DE INJUSTIÇAS: INTERFACES ENTRE AMARTYA SEN E CHARLES DICKENS / GREAT EXPECTATIONS IN A WORLD OF INJUSTICE: INTERFACES BETWEEN AMARTYA SEN AND CHARLES DICKENS

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    Pedro Augusto Gravatá Nicoli

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper promotes a comparison between Amartya Sen’s Idea of Justice and the masterpiece Great Expectations of English novelist Charles Dickens, published in 1860, shedding light on proximities and counterpoints between the theory of Sen and the experience of Dickens’ characters. This correlation departs from the epigraph of Sen’s work, which evokes the injustices experienced by the protagonist Pip in Great Expectations, opening a project of justice. For this purpose, the structural dimensions of Sen’s theory of justice will be revisited, as a concrete project for removal of injustices on the lines of rational argumentation and the theory of social choice, opposed to transcendent theories. In its turn, the universe of the boy Pip of Great Expectations reveals the complex path from childhood innocence to obsession and snobbery, with hopes and frustrations built in the backdrop of Victorian England, with the deep wound of poverty and inequality as a legacy of Industrial Revolution. Dickens, in this sense, is at once a sharp critic of his time, engaging in social transformation, and a master in exploring the psychological dynamics of human relationships. Hence, the authors become close on the poignant portrayal of injustice, demanding maximum and immediate removal. They are perhaps apart on the invitation to reflect abstractly on justice and ethics in itself, as well as on the weight given to the institutions. In any case, to reflect over justice in this shared space, in which the evocative power and communicative reach of ideas are expanded, becomes an enriching exercise in all senses.

  20. L’Affaire Charles Lainé (1818, ou comment la police fabriquait un faux-monnayeur

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    Étienne Hofmann

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Charles Lainé, modeste serrurier exerçant à Givenchy-le-Noble dans le Pas-de-Calais est condamné à mort en été 1818 pour crime de fausse monnaie. Il avait fabriqué douze pièces en argent, très grossières, qu'il s'apprêtait à détruire quand il fut arrêté. Ce fait divers serait demeuré inconnu, sans la démarche spontanée d'un magistrat qui s'empressa de dénoncer auprès des rédacteurs de La Minerve française, principale feuille d'opposition libérale, la pratique scandaleuse d'un espion de la gendarmerie, lequel avait poussé Lainé au crime. Benjamin Constant, qui sortait à peine de l'affaire Wilfrid Regnault (un condamné à mort pour crime qu'il n'avait pas commis, publia un article et une petite brochure en faveur de Lainé, admettant son délit, mais accusant la police et le pouvoir de s'adonner à des mesures aussi condamnables qu'inutiles, puisque le serrurier n'avait jamais été faussaire, qu'il n'appartenait à aucune organisation de malfaiteurs et qu'il ne représentait aucun danger potentiel. Ses efforts, combinés avec ceux de l'avocat Odilon Barrot et du directeur des affaires criminelles et des grâces Legraverend, aboutirent à une commutation de peine en dix ans d'emprisonnement.Charles Lainé, a locksmith of modest means working at Givenchy-le-Noble in the Pas-de-Calais, was condemned to death in the summer of 1818 for forgery. He had made twelve very crude silver coins which he was preparing destroy when he was arrested. This item of news would have remained unknown if a magistrate had not spontaneously denounced the scandalous behaviour of a police spy who had encouraged Lainé to commit the crime. The magistrate informed the editors of La Minerve française, chief newspaper of the liberal opposition in France. Benjamin Constant, who had only recently been involved in the Wilfrid Regnault case (that of a man condemned to death for a crime he had not committed, published an article and a pamphlet in

  1. [Epidemiology, microbiology, and outcomes of septicemia in children treated at the Charles de Gaulle University Pediatric Hospital in Burkina Faso].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouédraogo, Abdoul-Salam; Dakouré-Kissou, Aimée; Poda, Gandaaza Euthyme Armel; Koueta, Fla; Yé-Ouattara, Diarra; Ouédraogo-Traoré, Rasmata

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological and microbiological characteristics and outcome of children with septicemia at the Charles de Gaulle University Pediatric Hospital of Ouagadougou to help improve probabilistic antibiotic therapy in this type of infection. This retrospective descriptive study covered all the children from 0 to 15 years old seen over a period of 7 years in any hospital department with suspected bacteriemia and for whom the bacteriology laboratory performed a blood culture. During the study period, the laboratory received 842 requests for blood cultures and found 154 (18.3%) of them to be positive. Files for 81 of the 154 patients could be found and examined. The distribution according to age showed septicemia was most frequent among those aged 6-15 years (61.7% of the cases). Microbial identification showed the dominant species to be Salmonella enterica (serovars paratyphi and typhi) (58%) followed by Staphylococcus aureus (12.3%). The salmonella isolates had a high rate of resistance to amoxicillin, chloramphenicol and cotrimoxazole. Staphylococci were always sensitive to the antibiotics with which they were tested, although to a lesser extent for penicillin G. All patients routinely received antibiotic treatment, and 81.5% (n=66) were cured (5 children died and 10 left the hospital against medical advice). This study shows that the bacterial epidemiology of septicemia in our setting is dominated by salmonella. Trends in bacterial resistance to antibiotics showed that common antibiotics such as amoxicillin and cotrimoxazole are no longer acceptable as probabilist therapy here. They should be replaced in this type of infection by injectable third generation cephalosporin alone or combined with aminoglycosides.

  2. Aprender versus ensinar: Charles Sanders Peirce e a universidade americana do final do século XIX

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    Lauro Frederico Barbosa da Silveira

    1982-12-01

    Full Text Available A produção científica e filosófica de Charles Sanders PEIRCE (1839-1914, exigindo como critério para o trabalho intelectual e para a conduta da vida do pensador o absoluto rigor na construção dos conceitos e a estrita verificação experimental, teve por conseqüência desvincular o trabalho científico e filosófico de qualquer função apologética. A afirmação de que todo conhecimento do mundo da experiência e mesmo daquele elaborado pela matemática é intrinsecamente provável e falível se opôs a todo e qualquer dogmatismo e mesmo ao "a priori" de tradição Kantiana. O interesse pela teoria evolucionista e a coerência inabalável da filosofia e das atitudes de PEIRCE, como professor e pesquisador, encontraram profunda resistência no meio universitário e editorial de seu tempo. Num momento de grave crise na Universidade norte-americana, decorrente das transformações econômicas e políticas ocorridas com a guerra da Secessão (1861-1865, o posicionamento de PEIRCE contribuiu muito provavelmente para sua demissão como professor das Universidades de Harvard e de John Hopkins; para dificultar a publicação de seus escritos e para seu total isolamento nos últimos anos de vida.

  3. Un renouveau de la littérature politique à la cour de Charles Quint ?

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    Alexandra Merle

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution s’intéresse à la littérature politique rédigée dans l’entourage de Charles Quint, en Espagne, dans les premiers temps de son règne, et s’interroge sur un possible renouveau de cette littérature en tenant compte à la fois de l’introduction de nouvelles influences et de nouvelles conceptions et du poids d’un contexte particulier.On étudiera en particulier le développement d’une réflexion sur l’empire et la conquête, et la reformulation des relations entre roi et royaume dans les années qui suivirent le soulèvement des Comunidades, afin de montrer comment la littérature politique s’oriente vers la défense d’un pouvoir qui a été menacé.Esta contribución estudia la literatura política escrita en el entorno de Carlos V, en España, durante los primeros años de su reinado, e investiga la posibilidad de una renovación de esta literatura, teniendo en cuenta la introducción de nuevas influencias y de nuevas concepciones así como el peso del contexto dado.Se estudiará en particular el desarrollo de una reflexión sobre el imperio et la conquista, y la reformulación de las relaciones entre rey y reino durante los años después de la sublevación de las Comunidades, para mostrar cómo la literatura política se orienta hacia la defensa de un poder que ha sido expuesto a la amenaza.

  4. Who invented the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus)? On the authorship of the fraudulent 1812 journal of Charles Le Raye

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodman, Neal

    2015-01-01

    The captivity journal of Charles Le Raye was first published in 1812 as a chapter in A topographical description of the state of Ohio, Indiana Territory, and Louisiana, a volume authored anonymously by a late officer in the U. S. Army. Le Raye was purported to be a French Canadian fur trader who, as a captive of the Sioux, had travelled across broad portions of the Missouri and Yellowstone river drainages a few years before the Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806), and his account of the land, its people, and its natural resources was relied upon as a primary source by generations of natural historians, geographers, and ethnographers. Based directly on descriptions of animals in the published journal, the naturalist Constantine S. Rafinesque named seven new species of North American mammals, including what are currently recognized as the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and a Great Plains subspecies of white-tailed deer (O. virginianus macrourus). Unfortunately, Le Raye never existed, and historical, geographical, and ethnographical evidence indicates that the journal is fraudulent. Determining the author of this work is relevant to identifying the sources used to construct it, which may help us to understand the real animals upon which Rafinesque's species are based. Traditionally, authorship of the volume was attributed to Jervis Cutler, but his role in composing the fraudulent Le Raye journal has been called into question. In this paper, I present additional evidence supporting the hypothesis that Jervis Cutler bears primary responsibility for the Le Raye journal and that he had the background, opportunity, and potential motive to author it.

  5. “But Amen is the Price:” James Baldwin and Ray Charles in “The Hallelujah Chorus”

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    Ed Pavlić

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Based on a recent, archival discovery of the script, “But Amen is the Price” is the first substantive writing about James Baldwin’s collaboration with Ray Charles, Cicely Tyson, and others in a performance of musical and dramatic pieces. Titled by Baldwin, “The Hallelujah Chorus” was performed in two shows at Carnegie Hall in New York City on 1 July 1973. The essay explores how the script and presentation of the material, at least in Baldwin’s mind, represented a call for people to more fully involve themselves in their own and in each other’s lives. In lyrical interludes and dramatic excerpts from his classic work, “Sonny’s Blues,” Baldwin addressed divisions between neighbors, brothers, and strangers, as well as people’s dissociations from themselves in contemporary American life. In solo and ensemble songs, both instrumental and vocal, Ray Charles’s music evinced an alternative to the tradition of Americans’ evasion of each other. Charles’s sound meant to signify the history and possibility of people’s attainment of presence in intimate, social, and political venues of experience. After situating the performance in Baldwin’s personal life and public worldview at the time and detailing the structure and content of the performance itself, “But Amen is the Price” discusses the largely negative critical response as a symptom faced by much of Baldwin’s other work during the era, responses that attempted to guard “aesthetics” generally—be they literary, dramatic, or musical—as class-blind, race-neutral, and apolitical. The essay presents “The Hallelujah Chorus” as a key moment in Baldwin’s search for a musical/literary form, a way to address, as he put it, “the person and the people,” in open contention with the social and political pressures of the time.

  6. Global Positioning System surveys of storm-surge sensors deployed during Hurricane Ike, Seadrift, Texas, to Lake Charles, Louisiana, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Jason D.; Woodward, Brenda K.; Storm, John B.

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey installed a network of pressure sensors at 65 sites along the Gulf Coast from Seadrift, Texas, northeast to Lake Charles, Louisiana, to record the timing, areal extent, and magnitude of inland storm surge and coastal flooding caused by Hurricane Ike in September 2008. A Global Positioning System was used to obtain elevations of reference marks near each sensor. A combination of real-time kinematic (RTK) and static Global Positioning System surveys were done to obtain elevations of reference marks. Leveling relative to reference marks was done to obtain elevations of sensor orifices above the reference marks. This report summarizes the Global Positioning System data collected and processed to obtain reference mark and storm-sensor-orifice elevations for 59 storm-surge sensors recovered from the original 65 installed as a necessary prelude to computation of storm-surge elevations. National Geodetic Survey benchmarks were used for RTK surveying. Where National Geodetic Survey benchmarks were not within 12 kilometers of a sensor site, static surveying was done. Additional control points for static surveying were in the form of newly established benchmarks or reestablished existing benchmarks. RTK surveying was used to obtain positions and elevations of reference marks for 29 sensor sites. Static surveying was used to obtain positions and elevations of reference marks for 34 sensor sites; four sites were surveyed using both methods. Multiple quality checks on the RTK-survey and static-survey data were applied. The results of all quality checks indicate that the desired elevation accuracy for the surveys of this report, less than 0.1-meter error, was achieved.

  7. Comparative study on the growth of juvenile Galapagos giant tortoises (Geochelone nigra) at the Charles Darwin Research Station (Galapagos Islands, Ecuador) and Zoo Zurich (Zurich, Switzerland)

    OpenAIRE

    Furrer, S C; Hatt, J M; Snell, H; Marquez, C; Honegger, R E; A. Rübel

    2004-01-01

    In this study, the growth rates of a group of Galapagos giant tortoises raised in their natural habitat at the Charles Darwin Research Station (CDRS; Galapagos Islands, Ecuador) and a group of captive-bred specimens (Zoo Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland) were compared for the first time. A great discrepancy in growth rates was observed after the first year. When the animals were 4 years old, the carapace in the Zurich specimens was approximately twice as long as that in the CDRS tortoises, and t...

  8. Estruturas de sentimento na modernidade: um estudo sobre as experiências nas obras de Walter Benjamin, a propósito de Charles Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabíola Calazans

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir da noção de “estruturas de sentimento” do pensador do materialismocultural Raymond Williams, pretende-se estudar as experiências tecnológicas perceptivas nacultura moderna, do século XIX, imanentes às obras de Walter Benjamin, particularmente,nos textos referentes a Charles Baudelaire. Para tanto, faz-se um estudo exploratório dasprincipais categorias de experiência para se compreender as implicações na modernidade.

  9. Periodismo literario y conflicto social en México en las crónicas de Charles Bowden y Judith Torrea

    OpenAIRE

    García Galindo, Juan Antonio; Cuartero Naranjo, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    La presente comunicación analiza las relaciones entre periodismo literario y conflicto social a partir de la visión que sobre la violencia, el narcotráfico, los asesinatos, el crimen, las desapariciones etc., tienen las crónicas de Charles Bowden y Judtih Torrea. Bowden es un periodista norteamericano, recientemente fallecido, que ha vivido en primera persona el problema de la violencia a un lado y a otro de la frontera entre México y Estados Unidos. Por su parte, Judith Torrea, es una period...

  10. Mecanismos, processos e democracias : a sociologia histórica de Charles Tilly e a história breve mas turbulente de um lago

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    António Rosas

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Compared to its alternatives, the claims that democracies result from the material-economical modernisation, the incarnation of a certain type of political culture or the institutional objectivation seem to be less and less reasonable. The aim of this article is not only to familiarise the reader with one of the most promising theoretical perspectives of contemporary comparative historical sociology – that of Charles Tilly – but also to demonstrate how a processual analysis of political regimes is the more suitable to understand and improve today’s real democracies.

  11. “Though Hermes never taught thee”: The Anti-Patriarchal Tendency of Charles Brockden Brown’s Mercurial Outcast Carwin, the Biloquist

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    Evert Jan van Leeuwen

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the allusions to the utopian cultural schemas of alchemy and hermetic philosophy in Charles Brockden Brown’s Wieland and “Memoirs of Carwin the Biloquist” in order to show that the mysterious anti-hero Carwin does not have to be cast in the role of gothic villain but instead can play the part of marginalised utopian idealist, whose dissident presence in the novel reveals that the seemingly enlightened community of Mettingen is in fact reliant on old-world patriarchal ideology to ensure its stability.

  12. Les séries figées dans Le traité de stylistique de Charles Bally (1865-1947)

    OpenAIRE

    Brigitte Lépinette

    2013-01-01

    Cet article contextualise dans Le traité de stylistique ([Heidelberg, 1909 et 1921] 1951) de Charles Bally le traitement des séries figées, question qui, en particulier, après les recherches sur la combinatoire sémantico-lexicale d’Igor Mel’čuk et les travaux syntaxico-sémantiques, de base distributionaliste, de Maurice Gross spécialement, a donné lieu, de nos jours, à une littérature linguistique aussi bien quantitativement que qualitativement importante. Avant ces derniers auteurs, Bally...

  13. El cambio climático global en la Patagonia desde el viaje de Charles Darwin hasta nuestros días

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    El viaje del Beagle que trajo a Charles Darwin a América del Sur entre 1832 y 1835 AD y en particular, al territorio argentino, se desarrolló bajo condiciones climáticas muy desfavorables: frías, secas y ventosas, correspondientes a las condiciones predominantes en la última fase de la pequeña edad del hielo, un episodio frío global que caracterizó a los siglos XVII, XVIII y XIX. Esta fase es conocida como mínimo de Dalton, en referencia a la disminución relativa de la frecuencia de las manch...

  14. Quand devient-on vieille ? Femmes, âge et travail au Québec, 1940-1980 d'Aline Charles

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    Hélène David

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, constitué de deux parties principales, vise à faire émerger de la méconnaissance actuelle des « vieillesses de femmes actives » ainsi qu’à documenter la naissance et l’essor d’une retraite féminine. Aline Charles amorce son propos avec limpidité en expliquant la nécessité de conjuguer des analyses constructivistes sur trois objets distincts, la vieillesse, les femmes et le travail, afin de pouvoir cerner des fins de vies professionnelles de longue durée ainsi que l’accès à la ret...

  15. BREVES CONSIDERAÇÕES SOBRE A ABORDAGEM DE CHARLES GUIGNON DO MÉTODO FENOMENOLÓGICO EM SER E TEMPO

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    Rogério Tolfo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os estágios do método filosófico em Ser e Tempo, deacordo com a obra Heidegger e o Problema do Conhecimento de Charles Guignon.Segundo Guignon, Heidegger realiza em Ser e Tempo um processo em etapas: 1.Descritivo; 2. Hermenêutico; 3. Processo Dialético; 4. Diagnóstico do Senso Comum. Oobjetivo principal deste artigo é divulgar a proposta de Guignon. No entanto, faremosbreves considerações sobre esta proposta.

  16. Un chant déraciné ? La poésie bourguignonne d’expression française face à Charles Quint

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    Estelle Doudet

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Avec le départ de Charles Quint pour l’Espagne, la littérature de cour bourguignonne entre dans une double crise : le prince est désormais absent ; les écrivains ne possèdent plus le prestigieux statut d’historien et de poète officiel dont ont joui leurs prédécesseurs. À l’occasion de la victoire de Pavie en 1525, Julien Fossetier rédige De la glorieuse victoire divinement obtenue devant Pavie par l’empereur Charles Quint et Nicaise Ladam le Memoire de l’Aigle et de la Salamandre. Une étude comparée de ces deux œuvres permet d’interroger les stratégies d’adresses des poètes à leur lointain destinataire, les récritures par lesquelles ils travaillent l’héritage encomiastique bourguignon et se confrontent à la littérature contemporaine venue de France. Chanter Charles en héritier bourguignon, le rêver en monarque universel donne à la langue française sa place dans la culture littéraire impériale, celle d’un terrain d’affrontements avec les écrivains du royaume voisin. Il s’y dessine une culture francophone aujourd’hui méconnue.Con la partida de Carlos V para España, la literatura de la corte borgoñona entra en una doble crisis: el príncipe se ha vuelto ausente; los escritores ya no ostentan el prestigioso estatus de historiador y de poeta oficial del que gozaron sus predecesores. Con la victoria de Pavía, en 1525, Julien Fossetier compone De la glorieuse victoire divinement obtenue devant Pavie par l’empereur Charles Quint y Nicaise Ladam el Memoire de l’Aigle et de la Salamandre. Un careo de ambas obras permite analizar las estrategias de los poetas al dirigirse a su lejano destinatario, las rescrituras a las que someten la herencia encomiástica borgoñona y el modo en que rivalizan con la literatura contemporánea que les viene de Francia. Cantar a Carlos como heredero de Borgoña, soñarle como monarca universal, confiere a la lengua francesa su lugar en la cultura literaria

  17. El cambio climático global en la Patagonia desde el viaje de Charles Darwin hasta nuestros días The global climatic change in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego since voyage of Charles Darwin until present times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rabassa

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available El viaje del Beagle que trajo a Charles Darwin a América del Sur entre 1832 y 1835 AD y en particular, al territorio argentino, se desarrolló bajo condiciones climáticas muy desfavorables: frías, secas y ventosas, correspondientes a las condiciones predominantes en la última fase de la pequeña edad del hielo, un episodio frío global que caracterizó a los siglos XVII, XVIII y XIX. Esta fase es conocida como mínimo de Dalton, en referencia a la disminución relativa de la frecuencia de las manchas solares, lo cual redunda en una disminución de la radiación solar y como consecuencia, en menores temperaturas medias globales en ese período. Darwin fue perfectamente consciente de dichas condiciones climáticas, que se manifestaban fuertemente en Europa, en particular en los Alpes, y así lo transmite en sus escritos. Desde el viaje de Darwin a la Patagonia, las condiciones climáticas y ambientales cambiaron sustancialmente, especialmente luego de 1850 AD y, finalmente, después de mediados de la década de 1970 AD. Algunas de las más importantes consecuencias del cambio climático global son el aumento de la temperatura media anual o la temperatura estacional, la elevación o disminución de las precipitaciones al nivel regional, el continuo ascenso global del nivel del mar y un incremento significativo de la frecuencia de eventos meteorológicos extremos. El impacto de esos cambios ha sido observado en los glaciares de Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego, por lo menos desde 1978 AD, y particularmente en la última década del siglo XX. Los impactos más notables son la rápida recesión de las márgenes del hielo en los glaciares, el adelgazamiento de la cobertura glacial, la elevación de la línea de nieve regional y la reducción de las áreas andinas bajo condiciones de suelos permanentemente congelados (permafrost, como han demostrado estudios científicos recientes. A la tasa presente de recesión del hielo glacial, la mayoría, si no

  18. SURVEY, CHARLES COUNTY, MD

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The field survey data for this coastal study includes a field report that exhibits photos and transect information collected in the field survey phase of the study....

  19. Charles Darwin's earthquake reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galiev, Shamil

    2010-05-01

    As it is the 200th anniversary of Darwin's birth, 2009 has also been marked as 170 years since the publication of his book Journal of Researches. During the voyage Darwin landed at Valdivia and Concepcion, Chile, just before, during, and after a great earthquake, which demolished hundreds of buildings, killing and injuring many people. Land was waved, lifted, and cracked, volcanoes awoke and giant ocean waves attacked the coast. Darwin was the first geologist to observe and describe the effects of the great earthquake during and immediately after. These effects sometimes repeated during severe earthquakes; but great earthquakes, like Chile 1835, and giant earthquakes, like Chile 1960, are rare and remain completely unpredictable. This is one of the few areas of science, where experts remain largely in the dark. Darwin suggested that the effects were a result of ‘ …the rending of strata, at a point not very deep below the surface of the earth…' and ‘…when the crust yields to the tension, caused by its gradual elevation, there is a jar at the moment of rupture, and a greater movement...'. Darwin formulated big ideas about the earth evolution and its dynamics. These ideas set the tone for the tectonic plate theory to come. However, the plate tectonics does not completely explain why earthquakes occur within plates. Darwin emphasised that there are different kinds of earthquakes ‘...I confine the foregoing observations to the earthquakes on the coast of South America, or to similar ones, which seem generally to have been accompanied by elevation of the land. But, as we know that subsidence has gone on in other quarters of the world, fissures must there have been formed, and therefore earthquakes...' (we cite the Darwin's sentences following researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474). These thoughts agree with results of the last publications (see Nature 461, 870-872; 636-639 and 462, 42-43; 87-89). About 200 years ago Darwin gave oneself airs by the problems which began to discuss only during the last time. Earthquakes often precede volcanic eruptions. According to Darwin, the earthquake-induced shock may be a common mechanism of the simultaneous eruptions of the volcanoes separated by long distances. In particular, Darwin wrote that ‘… the elevation of many hundred square miles of territory near Concepcion is part of the same phenomenon, with that splashing up, if I may so call it, of volcanic matter through the orifices in the Cordillera at the moment of the shock;…'. According to Darwin the crust is a system where fractured zones, and zones of seismic and volcanic activities interact. Darwin formulated the task of considering together the processes studied now as seismology and volcanology. However the difficulties are such that the study of interactions between earthquakes and volcanoes began only recently and his works on this had relatively little impact on the development of geosciences. In this report, we discuss how the latest data on seismic and volcanic events support the Darwin's observations and ideas about the 1835 Chilean earthquake. The material from researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474 is used. We show how modern mechanical tests from impact engineering and simple experiments with weakly-cohesive materials also support his observations and ideas. On the other hand, we developed the mathematical theory of the earthquake-induced catastrophic wave phenomena. This theory allow to explain the most important aspects the Darwin's earthquake reports. This is achieved through the simplification of fundamental governing equations of considering problems to strongly-nonlinear wave equations. Solutions of these equations are constructed with the help of analytic and numerical techniques. The solutions can model different strongly-nonlinear wave phenomena which generate in a variety of physical context. A comparison with relevant experimental observations is also presented.

  20. Finantsstabiilsus eurotsoonis / Charles Goodhart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goodhart, Charles

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Kroon & Economy, nr. 3, 2004, lk. 27-38. Tõlge London School of Economicsi finantsturgude grupi asedirektori ettekandest "Financial Management in the Euro-zone" Eesti Panga avatud seminaril 1. septembril 2004. Majanduspoliitika põhiseaduslikest piirangutest Euroopa Liidus, fiskaal- ja rahapoliitika vastastikusest mõjust, finantssüsteemi ülesehitusest liikmesriikides, kriisiohjamisest välisomanduses olevate pankade puhul. Tabel

  1. FLOODPLAIN, Charles County, MD

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The Floodplain Mapping/Redelineation study deliverables depict and quantify the flood risks for the study area. The primary risk classifications used are the...

  2. National Library of Norway's new database of 22 manuscript maps concerning the Swedish King Charles XII's campaign in Norway in 1716 and 1718

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedicte Gamborg Brisa

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The National Library of Norway is planning to digitise approximately 1,500 manuscript maps. Two years ago we started working on a pilot project, and for this purpose we chose 22 maps small enough to be photographed in one piece. We made slides 6 x 7 cm in size, converted the slides into PhotoCDs and used four different resolutions on JPEG-files. To avoid large file sizes, we had to divide the version with the biggest resolution into four pieces. The preliminary work was done in Photoshop, the database on the web is made in Oracle. You can click on the map to zoom. Norwegians and probably Swedes during the Great Northern War drew the 22 maps when the Swedish King Charles XII in 1716 and 1718 unsuccessfully attempted to conquer Norway. The database is now accessible on the National Library of Norway's web site. The database is in Norwegian, but we are working on an English version as well. The maps are searchable on different topics, countries, counties, geographical names, shelfmarks or a combination of these. We are planning to expand the database to other manuscript maps later. This is the reason why it is possible to search for obvious subjects as Charles XII and the Great Northern War.

  3. CERN 50th Anniversary Official Celebration : the Swiss and French presidents with CERN's Director General at the inauguration of the new entrance into CERN from France, named Porte Charles de Gaulle.

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loiez

    2004-01-01

    Earlier in the day, at the north end of the Meyrin site, Jacques Chirac and Joseph Deiss came together from their respective sides of the border to inaugurate the Porte Charles de Gaulle, a new gate into CERN which should make travel into the site easier.

  4. Keighren, Innes M., Charles W.J. Withers, Bill Bell. Travels into Print: Exploration, Writing, and publishing with John Murray, 1773-1859 (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasper Schelstraete

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A review of Innes M. Keighren, Charles W.J. Withers, Bill Bell's Travels into Print: Exploration, Writing, and publishing with John Murray, 1773-1859. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015. 392 pp. $45.

  5. 查尔斯·狄更斯与《雾都孤儿》%Charles Dickens and His Oliver Twist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢建国

    2004-01-01

    Charles Dickens was s prominent critical the characters he created were realist in English literature, vivid even now, Oliver Twist was one of his masterpieces in reflecting the real and terrible life of London underworld.%查尔斯·狄更斯是英国文学史上杰出的现实主义作家.《雾都孤儿》是他的代表作之一.小说描写了伦敦地层社会中贫苦儿童的悲惨生活,揭露了贫民救济所的黑暗.他所塑造的人物,在今天读来仍栩栩如生.

  6. A Biblioteconomia e a Ciência da Informação na taxionomia das ciências de Charles Sanders Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Cândido de Almeida

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Mostra a taxionomia das ciências desenvolvida por Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914 que divide as ciências em três ramos: ciências teóricas, ciências da revisão e ciências aplicadas. Detalha principalmente as ciências teóricas: a Matemática, a Filosofia e a Idioscopia. Discute também o conceito de Biblioteconomia e de Ciência da Informação e que segundo as definições e características, encontradas na literatura consultada, estão na condição de ciências aplicadas, direcionadas a problemas práticos da sociedade, ou seja, o problema de controle e disseminação da informação.

  7. A 'college of astrology and medicine'? Charles V, Gervais Chrétien, and the scientific manuscripts of Maître Gervais's College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudet, Jean-Patrice

    2010-06-01

    Considered an institution mainly devoted to astrology and medicine by Simon de Phares and by some historians who believe that he was reliable, the college founded in 1371 by Charles V's first physician, Gervais Chrétien, was in fact primarily dedicated to theological students. It was not before 1377 that there were created there two bursaries for scholares regis, specialising in 'licit mathematical sciences', and two medical fellowships. Yet the influence of the activity of these fellows seems to have been rather moderate and-as far as we can learn from the material still extant, notably from manuscripts that belonged to Maître Gervais' College and to some of its members-this institution was devoted much more to theological studies than to medicine and the quadrivium. PMID:20513621

  8. A Biblioteconomia e a Ciência da Informação na taxionomia das ciências de Charles Sanders Peirce

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Cândido de Almeida

    2005-01-01

    Mostra a taxionomia das ciências desenvolvida por Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) que divide as ciências em três ramos: ciências teóricas, ciências da revisão e ciências aplicadas. Detalha principalmente as ciências teóricas: a Matemática, a Filosofia e a Idioscopia. Discute também o conceito de Biblioteconomia e de Ciência da Informação e que segundo as definições e características, encontradas na literatura consultada, estão na condição de ciências aplicadas, direcionadas a problemas prá...

  9. Iconicidad metafórica de Charles S. Peirce, aspectos teóricos y aplicaciones lingüísticas

    OpenAIRE

    Shirmahaleh, Shekoufeh Mohammadi

    2010-01-01

    Las ideas de Charles S. Peirce como padre de la pragmática y de la semiótica moderna ocupan un lugar importante en el desarrollo moderno de la lingüística actual. Desde su presentación al mundo de la ciencia, las teorías de Peirce han sido objeto de continuas investigaciones, interesantes debates y ampliaciones. Uno de los puntos más significativos de la semiótica de Peirce es su definición de Signo y sus categorías, ya que su concepto de Signo, que lo implica en una relación triádica en cont...

  10. Nicolas Charles, Enseignement supérieur et justice sociale. Sociologie des expériences étudiantes en Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Clément, Cécile

    2015-01-01

    L’ouvrage de Nicolas Charles se donne pour objectif de mettre en regard les conceptions de la justice sociale à l’œuvre dans l’enseignement supérieur dans trois pays européens aux traditions nationales bien différentes, notamment en matière de protection sociale : la France corporatiste, l’Angleterre libérale et la Suède sociale-démocrate. Il ne s’agit pas de décrire et de comparer les déclarations d’intention en la matière affichées par les trois pays (l’écart avec la réalité risquerait d’êt...

  11. How the west was won: Charles Muskavitch, James Roth, and the arrival of ‘scientific’ art conservation in the western United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seth Adam Hindin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the careers of the first two art conservators in North America active outside the north-eastern United States: Charles Muskavitch (1904–2001 and James Roth (1910–1990. Both men trained at the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University during the 1930s as part of the initial cohort of modern, ‘scientific’ conservators, and remained professionally active into the 1970s. Muskavitch worked initially in Dallas, Texas, and then, from 1939 onward, in Sacramento, California; Roth spent his entire career in Kansas City, Missouri. It is argued that despite their pioneering contributions, they became peripheral to dominant narratives of conservation history because their modest social backgrounds and geographic distance from major institutions led them to be excluded from the powerful networks that developed among their Ivy League-educated contemporaries in the northeast, which continue to shape U.S. conservation up to the present.

  12. A 'college of astrology and medicine'? Charles V, Gervais Chrétien, and the scientific manuscripts of Maître Gervais's College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudet, Jean-Patrice

    2010-06-01

    Considered an institution mainly devoted to astrology and medicine by Simon de Phares and by some historians who believe that he was reliable, the college founded in 1371 by Charles V's first physician, Gervais Chrétien, was in fact primarily dedicated to theological students. It was not before 1377 that there were created there two bursaries for scholares regis, specialising in 'licit mathematical sciences', and two medical fellowships. Yet the influence of the activity of these fellows seems to have been rather moderate and-as far as we can learn from the material still extant, notably from manuscripts that belonged to Maître Gervais' College and to some of its members-this institution was devoted much more to theological studies than to medicine and the quadrivium.

  13. From "Periodical Observations" to "Anthochronology" and "Phenology" - the scientific debate between Adolphe Quetelet and Charles Morren on the origin of the word "Phenology".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demarée, Gaston R; Rutishauser, This

    2011-11-01

    Mankind has observed and documented life cycle stages of plants and animals for a long time. However, it was comparatively recently that the newly emerging science was given its name. The name of Charles Morren and the year 1853 are being cited, although not frequently. Exact information is hardly known among present-day phenologists, yet new evidence shows that the term "phenology" was already in use in 1849. In the early 1840s, physicist and astronomer Adolphe Quetelet set up an observational network named "Observations of periodical Phenomena of the Animal and Vegetable Kingdom" and issued instructions for it. Even though biologist Charles Morren welcomed Quetelet's initiative, differences between Morren and Quentlet regarding the instructions for the observations and the potential results soon arose and a debate started, which lasted for nearly 10 years. In the wake of these disagreements, Morren was compelled to create a new term to denote his ideas on "periodical phenomena". At first, he temporally used the word anthochronology, but in the end he coined the word phenology. The term was first used in a public lecture at the Académie royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique' in Brussels on 16 December 1849, and simultaneously in the December 1849 issue of volume V of the Annales de la Société royale d'Agriculture et de Botanique de Gand. One had to wait until 1853 before the new name appeared in the title of one of Morren's publications. Based on evidence from archives and original publications, we trace the 10-year-long scientific debate between Morren and Quetelet. Morren states his biologist's view on the subject and extends the more climate-related definition of Quetelet of "periodical phenomena".

  14. La técnica de Charles en el tratamiento del linfedema secundario crónico del dorso del pie: caso clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sá

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El linfedema se define como la retención intersticial de líquido hiperprotéico. En su fase incial es reversible; pero en fases más avanzadas desencadena múltiples reacciones locales que culminan en un aumento del volumen de las extremidades, hipertrofia y fibrosis de los tejidos más superficiales. El tratamiento quirúrgico del linfedema secundario crónico es idéntico cualquiera que sea su etiología, pero difiere según el estadío de la enfermedad. En los estadíos iniciales el tratamiento conservador es la primera elección; pero ante el fallo de las medidas conservadoras, el tratamiento microquirúrgico mediante anastomosis linfático-venosas y linfo-linfáticas es el que se acepta como de primera línea y proporciona excelentes resultados. En fases más tardías, las técnicas de escisión radical, más especificamente la técnica de Charles asociada o no a medidas fisiológicas, juegan un papel importante en la resolución del linfedema dada la necesidad de conseguir una redución volumétrica del miembro afectado. Con la presentación de un caso clínico, pretendemos demostrar la utilidad de la técnica de Charles en el tratamiento del linfedema secundario crónico avanzado del dorso del pie.

  15. Posibilidad de un individualismo holista. Consideraciones hermenéuticas sobre el individualismo moderno desde la filosofía de Charles Taylor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gracia Calandín, Javier

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this essay is to argue against the atomistic conception of man that underlies much of modern philosophy and to support, in contrast, a hermeneutical approach that makes possible to defend a holistic individualism. For this, starting from the distinction of Charles Taylor between «ontological issues» and «advocacy issues», I am going to focus on the presuppositions of individualism. What does holistic individualism mean? Thus, I try to clarify whether it is possible to defend such holistic individualism, and what advantages in terms of irreducible social goods and significative freedom brings for the articulation and development of the individual and modern society.

    Mi propósito en este artículo es argumentar contra la concepción atomista del ser humano que subyace a buena parte de la filosofía moderna y defender, por el contrario, un enfoque hermenéutico que haga posible sostener un individualismo holista. Para ello partiendo de la distinción entre «ontological issues» y «advocacy issues» a los que apunta Charles Taylor, recalamos en los presupuestos del individualismo. ¿Qué sentido tiene hablar de un individualismo holista? De este modo trataré de esclarecer si es posible defender dicho individualismo holista; así como qué ganancias supone en términos de libertad significativa y bienes sociales irreductibles para la articulación y desarrollo del individuo y de la sociedad moderna.

  16. Summary and interpretation of discrete and continuous water-quality monitoring data, Mattawoman Creek, Charles County, Maryland, 2000-11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanat, Jeffrey G.; Miller, Cherie V.; Bell, Joseph M.; Majedi, Brenda Feit; Brower, David P.

    2013-01-01

    Discrete samples and continuous (15-minute interval) water-quality data were collected at Mattawoman Creek (U.S. Geological Survey station number 01658000) from October 2000 through January 2011, in cooperation with the Charles County (Maryland) Department of Planning and Growth Management, the Maryland Department of the Environment, and the Maryland Geological Survey. Mattawoman Creek is a fourth-order Maryland tributary to the tidal freshwater Potomac River; the creek’s watershed is experiencing development pressure due to its proximity to Washington, D.C. Data were analyzed for the purpose of describing ambient water quality, identifying potential contaminant sources, and quantifying nutrient and sediment loads to the tidal freshwater Mattawoman estuary. Continuous data, collected at 15-minute intervals, included discharge, derived from stage measurements made using a pressure transducer, as well as water temperature, pH, specific conductance, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity, all measured using a water-quality sonde. In addition to the continuous data, a total of 360 discrete water-quality samples, representative of monthly low-flow and targeted storm conditions, were analyzed for suspended sediment and nutrients. Continuous observations gathered by a second water-quality sonde, which was temporarily deployed in 2011 for quality-control purposes, indicated substantial lateral water-quality gradients due to inflow from a nearby tributary, representing about 10 percent of the total gaged area upstream of the sampling location. These lateral gradients introduced a time-varying bias into both the continuous and discrete data, resulting in observations that were at some times representative of water-quality conditions in the main channel and at other times biased towards conditions in the tributary. Despite this limitation, both the continuous and discrete data provided insight into the watershed-scale factors that influence water quality in Mattawoman Creek

  17. Russian filmmaker comes home / Boris Frumin ; interv. Paul Morton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frumin, Boris

    2006-01-01

    Riias sündinud, 70ndate lõpul USA-sse emigreerunud filmitegija, New Yorgi ülikooli professor, kes asus Tallinna Ülikooli all tegutsevas Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolis tööle filmi magistriõppe juhina ja rezhissuuri suuna põhiõppejõuna, endast

  18. Film platform courtesy of the Czechs / Paul Morton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morton, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Lühimängufilm "Tühirand", režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, osales Karlovy Vary rahvusvahelise filmifestivali "Forum of Independents" programmis. Festivalist laiemalt, Veiko Õunpuust ja tema filmi seansist tutvustavalt

  19. MRI and ultrasonography in Morton's neuroma: Diagnostic accuracy and correlation

    OpenAIRE

    Torres-Claramunt, R; Ginés, A; G Pidemunt; Ll Puig; Zabala, S. (Silvio)

    2012-01-01

    Background: The diagnosis of Morton′s neuroma is based primarily on clinical findings. Ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance image (MRI) studies are considered complementary diagnostic techniques. The aim of this study was to establish the correlation and sensitivity of both techniques used to diagnose Morton′s neuroma. Materials and Methods: Thirty seven patients (43 intermetatarsal spaces) with Morton′s neuroma operated were retrospectively reviewed. In all cases MRI or ultrasound ...

  20. THE EFFECT OF FUNCTIONAL FASCIAL TAPING ON MORTON'S NEUROMA

    OpenAIRE

    Spina, Rita; Cameron, Melainie; Alexander, Ron

    2002-01-01

    Objective and Background: Morton’s neuroma is essentially a benign tumor in the foot, which may cause extreme pain and disability. Both conservative and surgical modalities have been used, but as yet, neither has been successful in resolving the condition. This report introduces Functional Fascial Taping (FFT) developed by Alexander, as a new treatment regime and examines its effectiveness in the management of Morton’s neuroma. Discussion: Functional Foot Index (FFI) was used to assess the ef...

  1. Compilation and preliminary interpretation of hydrologic data for the Weldon Spring radioactive waste-disposal sites, St Charles County, Missouri; a progress report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleeschulte, M.J.; Emmett, L.F.

    1986-01-01

    The Weldon Spring Chemical Plant is located just north of the drainage divide separating the Mississippi River and the Missouri River in St. Charles County, Missouri. From 1957 to 1966 the plant converted uranium-ore concentrates and recycled scrap to pure uranium trioxide, uranium tetrafluoride, and uranium metal. Residues from these operations were pumped to four large pits that had been excavated near the plant. Small springs and losing streams are present in the area. Water overlying the residue in the pits has a large concentration of dissolved solids and a different chemical composition compared to the native groundwater and surface water. This difference is indicated by the concentrations of calcium, sodium, sulfate, nitrate, fluoride, uranium, radium, lithium, molybdenum, strontium, and vanadium, all of which are greater than natural or background concentrations. Water from Burgermeister Spring, located about 1.5 miles north of the chemical plant area, contains uranium and nitrate concentrations greater than background concentrations. Groundwater in the shallow bedrock aquifer moves northward from the vicinity of the chemical plant toward Dardenne Creek. An abandoned limestone quarry several miles southwest of the chemical plant also has been used for the disposal of radioactive waste and rubble. Groundwater flow from the quarry area is southward through the alluvium, away from the quarry and toward the Missouri River. The St. Charles County well field is located in the Missouri River flood plain near the quarry and the large yield wells are open to the Missouri River alluvial aquifer. Water from a well 4,000 ft southeast of the quarry was analyzed; there was no indication of contamination from the quarry. Additional water quality and water level data are needed to determine if water from the quarry moves toward the well field. Observation wells need to be installed in the area between the chemical plant, pits, and Dardenne Creek. The wells would be used to

  2. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from the CHARLES DARWIN in the Indian Ocean from 2002-03-01 to 2002-04-15 (NODC Accession 0108226)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0108226 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from CHARLES DARWIN in the Indian Ocean from 2002-03-01 to 2002-04-15...

  3. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN and others in the Bay of Biscay, English Channel and others from 1993-04-01 to 1995-11-01 (NODC Accession 0115608)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115608 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN, DISCOVERY, HEINCKE, MADORNINA, METEOR,...

  4. Alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN and METEOR in the North Atlantic Ocean from 1997-06-01 to 1999-09-01 (NODC Accession 0115763)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115763 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from BELGICA, CHARLES DARWIN and METEOR in the North Atlantic Ocean...

  5. We Have to Be Willing to Say the World Has Changed and Now We Have to Figure Out How to Deal With That: An Interview With Charles Levenstein, About New Solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markkanen, Pia; Slatin, Craig

    2016-05-01

    New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policyhas been published for 25 years. To acknowledge this milestone, Dr. Pia Markkanen interviewed Charles Levenstein, Editor Emeritus of the journal, in August 2015. The purpose of this interview was to review the journal's history: from its earliest roots to the present.New Solutionsbegan in 1990 as a project with the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW). Dr. Charles Levenstein was the founding editor and Tony Mazzocchi was the original publisher. We've tapped Dr. Levenstein's memory to learn the intent of starting the journal and how it developed. The interview presents some of the challenges of sustaining a movement journal with the mission of being a bridge between academics and researchers and workers, environmentalists, as well as advocates and activists.

  6. Ferdinand, Charles, Emile, Petar, Paul… et les autres* Pertinence, Cohérence et Permanence d’une grande idée De la Stylistique à L’Enonciation

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    Jacques Cortès

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Charles Bally m’apparaît comme l’un des pionniers d’une approche intelligible et même lumineuse des « faits de langage1 ». Le titre de cet article et les citations en exergue visent simplement à montrer que la « famille intellectuelle » à laquelle il appartient, très vaste et diversifiée, reste toujours vivante et prolifique, même si - pour des raisons stylistiques d’humour qu’il aurait peut-être appréciées – je me suis limité à quelques prénoms dont les patronymes sont bien connus. Cet article n’a d’autre ambition que de remettre Charles Bally à la place historique indiscutable qui doit être la sienne dans l’évolution de la recherche en sciences du langage et de la communication.

  7. Charles Darwin's Observations on the Behaviour of Earthworms and the Evolutionary History of a Giant Endemic Species from Germany, Lumbricus badensis (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae

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    U. Kutschera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The British naturalist Charles Darwin (1809–1882 began and ended his almost 45-year-long career with observations, experiments, and theories related to earthworms. About six months before his death, Darwin published his book on The Formation of Vegetable Mould, through the Actions of Worms, With Observations on their Habits (1881. Here we describe the origin, content, and impact of Darwin's last publication on earthworms (subclass Oligochaeta, family Lumbricidae and the role of these annelids as global “ecosystem reworkers” (concept of bioturbation. In addition, we summarize our current knowledge on the reproductive behaviour of the common European species Lumbricus terrestris. In the second part of our account we describe the biology and evolution of the giant endemic species L. badensis from south western Germany with reference to the principle of niche construction. Biogeographic studies have shown that the last common ancestor of L. badensis, and the much smaller sister-taxon, the Atlantic-Mediterranean L. friendi, lived less than 10 000 years ago. Allopatric speciation occurred via geographically isolated founder populations that were separated by the river Rhine so that today two earthworm species exist in different areas.

  8. Charles Edouard Brown-Séquard's departure from the Medical College of Virginia: incompatible science or incompatible social views in pre-Civil War southern United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Joseph C; Ho, Stephen V

    2011-01-01

    Charles Edouard Brown-Séquard was one of the most colorful characters in modern physiology. His scientific methods of self-experimentation and animal vivisection led to many great observations, including the eponymous syndrome of hemisection of the spinal cord. Despite his renown, he stayed but one year in his first major academic post. Details of his sojourn at the Medical College of Virginia (now part of Virginia Commonwealth University) in Richmond were divined from perusal of archival material, letters, and from the available literature. His notoriety in the field of physiology landed him a post at the Medical College of Virginia in 1854 as the chair of physiology. During a brief time here, he was able to publish his landmark monograph of 1855 on the pathways of the spinal cord "Experimental and Clinical Researches on the Physiology and Pathology of the Spinal Cord." He had a near-death experience while experimenting on himself to determine the function of the skin. It was rumored that his English was poor, his lectures unintelligible, and his scientific methods disturbing to the neighbors and that for those reasons he was asked to vacate his post. Personal communications and other accounts indicate a different view: his mixed-blood heritage and his views on slavery were unpopular in the pre-Civil War southern United States. These disparate viewpoints lend an insight into the life and career of this pioneer in modern medicine and experimental design and to the clash of science and social views.

  9. Analysis with SfM on-motion method of July 2015 extreme rainfall impacts on the S-charl valley road in the Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voumard, Jérémie; Jaboyedoff, Michel

    2016-04-01

    The 22-23th July 2015, two severe storms at one day interval have caused in Scuol, lower Engadine (Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland). The static storm cells produced up to 150 mm rain precipitations in three hours generating several debris flow. On 22 July 2015, three buildings in the Pradella hamlet near Scuol were damaged by a debris flow. People of two holiday camps, 100 children and 40 adults, were evacuated. Nobody was injured but the buildings damages are important. A day after, about 200 mm rain in a short time were measured in the same area. A car was been swept away by a debris flow in the Scuol village and its driver could escape at the last moment. The S-charl valley was isolated during more than one week by seven big debris flows and several little ones. About 100 people, in majority holidaymakers, were blocked in the S-charl hamlet without power supply during few days. Until the swiss army built a provisional emergency bridge to open the valley access, the only way to access the S-charl valley was by helicopter. Overall damages -roads infrastructures, buildings, drinking water supply, power supply and other- are estimated to one million Swiss Francs and the debris flow volume is estimated to 100'00 cubic meters. The S-charl valley roadsides were photographed fifteen days before the extreme storm event from an on-motion vehicle. The same roadsides were photographed twenty days after the event with the same acquisition methodology. 3D point clouds from Structure of Motion (SfM) from the -before and after event- pictures have been produced and compared. Thus, is was possible to evaluate the number of debris flows that occurred in the S-charl valley and estimate their volume in the roadsides. This study case allows to evaluate the low-cost SfM on-motion methodology and to give theirs main advantages and disadvantages when it is used to estimate changes roadsides due to a natural hazard event.

  10. Cartographie et éducation populaire Cartografia e educação popular. O Museu Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus e Charles Perron em Genebra (1907-1922 Cartografía y educación popular. El Museo Cartográfico de Élisée Reclus y Charles Perron en Ginebra (1907-1922 Cartography and popular education. The Cartographic Museum by Élisée Reclus and Charles Perron in Geneva (1907-1922

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Ferretti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la constitution du Musée Cartographique de la Ville de Genève, ouvert entre 1907 et 1922 à partir du fonds cartographique de Charles Perron et d’Élisée Reclus. À travers l’analyse de sources édites et inédites, nous reconstruisons cette expérience en nous interrogeant sur le rapport entre géographie et éducation populaire, et sur le rôle de la cartographie dans la démarche de ces géographes.Reclus, histoire de la cartographie, histoire de l’éducation géographiqueEste artigo trata da constituição do Museu Cartográfico da Cidade de Genebra, aberto de 1907 a 1922 a partir do fundo cartográfico de Charles Perron e Élisée Reclus. Nos reconstruímos esta experiência pela análise de fontes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando a relação entre geografia e educação popular, e o papel da cartografia nas concepções científicas destes geógrafos.Este artículo trata de la constitución del Museo Cartográfico de la Ciudad de Ginebra, abierto entre 1907 y 1922 con base en el fondo cartográfico de Charles Perron y Élisée Reclus. Reconstruimos esta experiencia a través del análisis de fuentes publicadas e inéditas, problematizando la relación entre geografía y educación popular, y el papel de la cartografía en las concepciones científicas de estos geógrafos.This paper deals with the foundation of the Cartographic Museum of Geneva, open from 1907 to 1922 and based on the cartographic collection of Charles Perron and Élisée Reclus. We reconstruct this experience by the analysis of edited and unedited sources, questioning the relationship between geography and popular education, and the role of cartography in the scientific strategy of these geographers.

  11. Las plantas americanas en la obra de Charles de l'Écluse: primeras citas en las cartas de Juan de Castañeda

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    Ramón-Laca Menéndez de Luarca, Luis

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available The Flemish botanist Charles de l'Écluse's works contain abundant references to American plants, for example the avocado (Persea americana Mill., the sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam.], the potato (Solanum tuberosum L. and the tobáceo (Nicotiana tabacum L.. Although some of these plants were observed by L'Écluse himself during his expedition to the Iberian Península between 1564 and 1565, the majority of the American plants quoted in his works are related with shipments received from several agents around Europe. In the case of Spain, L'Écluse obtained seeds from Seville thanks to the help of Simón de Tovar and Juan de Castañeda. The latter offers in his letters important innovations: Annona cherimola Mill., Indigofera añil LJI. tinctoria L., Annona muricata L., Mammea americana L.. Annona reticulata L., Dioscorea sp., Aloysia citrodora Palau or Manihot spj M. esculenta Crantz. In most of the cases the mention of these plants represente the first record of cultivation in the Old World. A percentage of this material was used by L'Écluse in his Exoticorum libri decem, published in Antwerp in l605.Las obras del botánico flamenco Charles de l'Écluse contienen infinidad de referencias a plantas americanas, destacando entre ellas el aguacate (Persea americana Mill., las batatas [Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam.], las patatas (Solanum tuberosum L. o el tabaco (Nicotiana tabacum L. . Algunas de ellas fueron observadas por L'Écluse durante la expedición llevada a cabo por la Península Ibérica entre 1564 y 1565. La mayor parte de plantas americanas citadas en sus obras están relacionadas sin embargo con envíos realizados por diversos corresponsales repartidos por Europa. En el caso de España, L'Écluse recibió semillas desde Sevilla gracias a Simón de Tovar y Juan de Castañeda. Este último ofrece en sus cartas importantes novedades, como el "anón" (Annona cherimola Mill., el "añil" (Indigofera añil L./I. tinctoria L., la "guan

  12. Instinto e razão na natureza humana, segundo Hume e Darwin Instinct and reason in human nature in David Hume and Charles Darwin

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    José Claudio Morelli Matos

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Esta discussão pretende mostrar pontos relevantes de uma comparação entre a obra de David Hume e de Charles Darwin, no que toca às capacidades cognitivas humanas e de outros animais. Hume tem uma teoria que explica o conhecimento causal em termos de um instinto natural - o hábito. A presença de tal instinto pode ser entendida remetendo-se a uma teoria geral da natureza, onde o mundo é entendido como governado por leis e regularidades constantes, e sem a suposição da interferência de um plano ou desígnio. Isto conduz Hume à aproximação entre a capacidade cognitiva humana e a de outros animais, que também manifestam um aprendizado instintivo do tipo causal. Darwin, por sua vez, menciona uma graduação de diversas capacidades de conhecimento, diferenciando a ação instintiva da ação que resulta de deliberação e inferência; e aponta para o fato de que muitos animais apresentam um grau significativo de comportamento inteligente. Seu mecanismo de evolução por seleção natural pretende explicar essas características, tanto no homem como nos animais. Disso resulta contemporaneamente uma corrente em epistemologia que tem recebido o nome de epistemologia evolutiva, a qual, ao seguir declaradamente Darwin, carece de uma interpretação mais detalhada do pensamento de Hume, que poderia, supõe-se, oferecer elementos para o tratamento de questões epistemológicas tais como a da capacidade para o conhecimento causal.This discussion intends to show some relevant elements, in order to establish a comparison between the works of David Hume and Charles Darwin concerning human and other animal's cognitive capacities. Hume develops a theory to explain causal knowledge in terms of a natural instinct - habit. The presence of this instinct can be understood by reference to a general theory of nature that conceives the world governed by constant laws and regularities, without any supposition of interference of an external design or intention

  13. « In medio mihi Cæsar erit » : Charles-Quint et la poésie impériale

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    Roland Béhar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Le règne de Charles-Quint fut célébré dans toutes les villes et dans toutes les langues du vaste Empire dont il hérita. À partir du couronnement de 1530, le recours aux modèles rhétoriques et poétiques antiques célébrant son adventus devint plus sensible : Charles-Quint reprit alors à son compte la « propagande poétique » qui avait accompagné les règnes de son aïeul Maximilien Ier et des papes d’avant le Sac de Rome (1527. Comment faire l’éloge du prince ? Si l’opinion critique d’un Érasme s’oppose à celle d’un Girolamo Balbi, les poètes, désireux de refléter dans leurs vers la gloire du Prince, sont menés à reprendre les formes poétiques antiques. Deux cas sont étudiés. D’une part, Jean Second renouvelle l’élégie. De l’autre, les héritiers de Sannazar donnent une nouvelle légitimité au recours à la fiction, créant ainsi un modèle poétique qui influence Minturno, Garcilaso de la Vega ou même Du Bellay.El reinado Carlos V fue celebrado en todas la ciudades y lenguas del gran Imperio que heredó. A partir de la coronación del 1530, se propagó el uso de los modelos retóricos y poéticos antiguos para la celebración del adventus del Emperador: Carlos V retomó entonces para si la «propagande poética» que había acompañado los reinados de su abuelo Maximiliano I y de los Papas anteriores al Saco de Roma (1527. ¿Como alabar al príncipe? Si la opinión de Erasmo se muestra más crítica que la de un Girolamo Balbi, son los poetas que, deseos de reflejar en sus versos la gloria del Príncipe, reanudan con las formas poéticas antiguas. Se estudian dos casos aquí: por un lado, la renovación de la elegía en la obra de Jean Second; por el otro, los herederos de Sannazaro confieren una nueva legitimidad al recurso a la ficción poética, en un modelo poético que influencia a Minturno, a Garcilaso de la Vega y hasta a Du Bellay.

  14. An analysis of potential water availability from the Charles Mill, Clendening, Piedmont, Pleasant Hill, Senecaville, and Wills Creek Lakes in the Muskingum River Watershed, Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koltun, G.F.

    2014-01-01

    This report presents the results of a study to assess potential water availability from the Charles Mill, Clendening, Piedmont, Pleasant Hill, Senecaville, and Wills Creek Lakes, located within the Muskingum River Watershed, Ohio. The assessment was based on the criterion that water withdrawals should not appreciably affect maintenance of recreation-season pool levels in current use. To facilitate and simplify the assessment, it was assumed that historical lake operations were successful in maintaining seasonal pool levels, and that any discharges from lakes constituted either water that was discharged to prevent exceeding seasonal pool levels or discharges intended to meet minimum in-stream flow targets downstream from the lakes. It further was assumed that the volume of water discharged in excess of the minimum in-stream flow target is available for use without negatively impacting seasonal pool levels or downstream water uses and that all or part of it is subject to withdrawal. Historical daily outflow data for the lakes were used to determine the quantity of water that potentially could be withdrawn and the resulting quantity of water that would flow downstream (referred to as “flow-by”) on a daily basis as a function of all combinations of three hypothetical target minimum flow-by amounts (1, 2, and 3 times current minimum in-stream flow targets) and three pumping capacities (1, 2, and 3 million gallons per day). Using both U.S. Geological Survey streamgage data (where available) and lake-outflow data provided by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers resulted in analytical periods ranging from 51 calendar years for Charles Mill, Clendening, and Piedmont Lakes to 74 calendar years for Pleasant Hill, Senecaville, and Wills Creek Lakes. The observed outflow time series and the computed time series of daily flow-by amounts and potential withdrawals were analyzed to compute and report order statistics (95th, 75th, 50th, 25th, 10th, and 5th percentiles) and means for

  15. Increase in cerebellar volume in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with Chiari-like malformation and its role in the development of syringomyelia.

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    Thomas A Shaw

    Full Text Available Previous research in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS has found that Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia (CM/SM are associated with a volume mismatch between the caudal cranial fossa (CCF and the brain parenchyma contained within. The objectives of this study were to i compare cerebellar volume in CKCS (a "high risk' group which frequently develops CM/SM, small breed dogs (medium risk--occasionally develop CM/SM, and Labradors (low risk--CM/SM not reported; ii evaluate a possible association between increased cerebellar volume and CM/SM in CKCS; iii investigate the relationship between increased cerebellar volume and crowding of the cerebellum in the caudal part of the CCF (i.e. the region of the foramen magnum. Volumes of three-dimensional, magnetic resonance imaging derived models of the CCF and cerebellum were obtained from 75 CKCS, 44 small breed dogs, and 31 Labradors. As SM is thought to be a late onset disease process, two subgroups were formed for comparison: 18 CKCS younger than 2 years with SM (CM/SM group and 13 CKCS older than 5 years without SM (CM group. Relative cerebellar volume was defined as the volume of the cerebellum divided by the total volume of brain parenchyma. Our results show that the CKCS has a relatively larger cerebellum than small breed dogs and Labradors and provide evidence that increased cerebellar volume in CKCS is associated with crowding of cerebellum in the caudal part of the CCF. In CKCS there is an association between increased cerebellar volume and SM. These findings have implications for the understanding of the pathological mechanisms of CM/SM, and support the hypothesis that it is a multifactorial disease process governed by increased cerebellar volume and failure of the CCF to reach a commensurate size.

  16. A duchenne muscular dystrophy gene hot spot mutation in dystrophin-deficient cavalier king charles spaniels is amenable to exon 51 skipping.

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    Gemma L Walmsley

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD, which afflicts 1 in 3500 boys, is one of the most common genetic disorders of children. This fatal degenerative condition is caused by an absence or deficiency of dystrophin in striated muscle. Most affected patients have inherited or spontaneous deletions in the dystrophin gene that disrupt the reading frame resulting in unstable truncated products. For these patients, restoration of the reading frame via antisense oligonucleotide-mediated exon skipping is a promising therapeutic approach. The major DMD deletion "hot spot" is found between exons 45 and 53, and skipping exon 51 in particular is predicted to ameliorate the dystrophic phenotype in the greatest number of patients. Currently the mdx mouse is the most widely used animal model of DMD, although its mild phenotype limits its suitability in clinical trials. The Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD model has a severe phenotype, but due to its large size, is expensive to use. Both these models have mutations in regions of the dystrophin gene distant from the commonly mutated DMD "hot spot". METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we describe the severe phenotype, histopathological findings, and molecular analysis of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with dystrophin-deficient muscular dystrophy (CKCS-MD. The dogs harbour a missense mutation in the 5' donor splice site of exon 50 that results in deletion of exon 50 in mRNA transcripts and a predicted premature truncation of the translated protein. Antisense oligonucleotide-mediated skipping of exon 51 in cultured myoblasts from an affected dog restored the reading frame and protein expression. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Given the small size of the breed, the amiable temperament and the nature of the mutation, we propose that CKCS-MD is a valuable new model for clinical trials of antisense oligonucleotide-induced exon skipping and other therapeutic approaches for DMD.

  17. Charleso Martindale’io recepcijos teorija ir antikinė literatūra | Charles Martindale’s reception theory and ancient literature

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    Jovita Dikmonienė

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article in the descriptive style introduces with adaptation of hermeneutics of reception to Latin poetry in Charles Martindale’s book “Redeeming the text: Latin poetry and the hermeneutics of reception”. The following five ideas of Martindale’s reception theory are 1 a contingent and continuously supplemented understanding of the meaning of the text being read, 2 continuously (reinterpreted contexts, 3 history as intersubjective stories about the past, 4 doubting the radical canon criticism, and 5 a dialogue with classical texts.Martindale argues that the text does not have any fixed meaning given by the author. On this stance, he does not agree with Jauss and Gadamer. Martindale compares interpretation of a literary work to performance of a piece of music: each new reading of the same text becomes a new concretization” and differs from any other manner of reading.Martindale notes that when studying ancient literature we cannot approach the pure, non-interpreted facts. Different people interpret one and the same fact differently, depending on their values, experience, and interests.Martindale does not agree with Fish’s theory of interpretative communities, arguing that only the critic himself hides behind the “implied reader” construction. He agrees with theories of dialogue of Bakhtin and Gadamer, with Derridean deconstruction. Martindale suggests understanding reading as an acquaintance and dialogue with the author of the text, which is influenced by the différance. Such a dialogue actualises the ancient literary work and enables passing it on to future generations.

  18. Les séries figées dans Le traité de stylistique de Charles Bally (1865-1947

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    Brigitte Lépinette

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article contextualise dans Le traité de stylistique ([Heidelberg, 1909 et 1921] 1951 de Charles Bally le traitement des séries figées, question qui, en particulier, après les recherches sur la combinatoire sémantico-lexicale d’Igor Mel’čuk et les travaux syntaxico-sémantiques, de base distributionaliste, de Maurice Gross spécialement, a donné lieu, de nos jours, à une littérature linguistique aussi bien quantitativement que qualitativement importante. Avant ces derniers auteurs, Bally a fait de ces séries phraséologiques un élément sur lequel portera son double objectif d’identification et de délimitation dans la langue des faits d’expression liés à l’affectivité (considérés par opposition aux faits d’expression qui le sont à la pensée. Dans le cadre des présupposés linguistiques particuliers de la stylistique de Bally, l’analyse des séries figées permettra à ce linguiste d’en reconnaître les principales caractéristiques (lexicales, sémantiques mais non syntaxiques. Cependant, –contrairement aux études récentes dans ce domaine, d’abord théoriques– elle sera mise au service d’un apprentissage du français s’appuyant sur ce que nous pouvons appeler un corpus (avant la lettre destiné à l’apprentissage d’une langue.

  19. “Reflexionslogische Semiotik” Semiotics in the Logic of Reflection: A Non- classical extended Semiotics based on Gotthard Günther and Charles S. Peirce and its Application to Literary Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Nina Ort

    2011-01-01

    The development of a Reflexionslogische Semiotik was developed through the search for a theory that allows us to describe “processuality” —a heuristic method that has not yet rendered conclusive results. The question was : would it be possible to design a logically consistent framework in which such phenomena can be examined ? A solution can be found in combining elements of Gotthard Günther’s “non-Aristotelian Logic” and Charles S. Peirce’s “pan-semiotic” theory. It can be demonstrated that ...

  20. On Charles Taylor's mode of modern civil society%查尔斯·泰勒的现代市民社会模式评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁乐锋

    2011-01-01

    Political philosopher Charles Taylor holds that the notion of civil society which is popular in modern western society has deep roots in the past.These roots are succeeded and developed by two schools of anti-absolutism,namely the L school derived from John Locke and the M school originating from Montesquieu.The L and M schools provide two different routes to theoretical evolution for modern notion of civil society.In the eyes of Taylor,because the two routes may make civil society vanish,freedom deprived and despotism recur,they should be inosculated as a whole to overcome their shortcomings so as to set up a civil society that will truly safeguard freedom.Such a civil society will combine individual liberty with political liberty,and negative liberty with positive liberty.%政治哲学家查尔斯·泰勒认为,流行于现代西方社会的市民社会概念具有深远的历史根源,这些根源为近代以来的反专制主义学说以两种不同的路径(源自于洛克的L-流和孟德斯鸠的M-流)所继承和发展,并且为现代市民社会概念提供了两条不同的理论进路。在泰勒看来,鉴于两种进路都有可能演化为市民社会的消失、自由的丧失与专制政治的复现,因而应将二者融为一体,在融汇中克服各自缺陷,以建构能够真正保障自由的现代市民社会,即个人自由与政治自由、消极自由与积极自由相结合的市民社会。