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Sample records for characterization service ncs

  1. Syntheses and Characterizations of Novel One-dimensional Coordination Polymers Self-assembled from Co(NCS)2 and Flexible Diester-bridged Pyridine-based Ligands

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG,Li-Cheng(宋礼成); ZHANG,Wen-Xiong(张文雄); HU,Qing-Mei(胡青眉)

    2002-01-01

    The self-assembly reactions of Co(NCS)2 with diester-bridgedpyridine-based ligands pyCO2-(CH2),-O2Cpy (py= 4-pyridyl;m = 2, 3, 4) have been studied. Interestingly, while Co(NCS)2 reacted with pyCO2-(CH2)2-O2Cpy (La) in MeOH/H2Oor THF/MeCN to yield two coordination polymers [Co(NCS)2(La)2]n (1) and [Co(NCS)2(La)2@2THF]n (2), reactions of Co(NCS)2 with pyCO2-(CH2)3-O2Cpy (Lb) in MeOH/MeCN and Co(NCS)2 with pyCO2-( CH2)4-O2Cpy(Lc) in EtOH/H2O afforded [Co(NCS)2(Lb)2@0.5MeOH]n(3) and [Co(NCS)2(Lc)2@2H2O]n (4), respectively. The Xray diffraction analyses indicated that polymers 1-4 consist of a one-dimensional Co(H) chain in which each of the two adjacent Co(Ⅱ) ions is bridged by two pyCO2-(CH2)m-O2Cpy ligands to form a macrocycle, In addition, the structuress of polymers 1-4 were also characterized by infrared spectroscopy,thermogravimetry and elemental analysis.

  2. Membrane binding of Neuronal Calcium Sensor-1 (NCS1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemire, Samuel; Jeromin, Andreas; Boisselier, Élodie

    2016-03-01

    Neuronal Calcium Sensor-1 (NCS1) belongs to the family of Neuronal Calcium Sensor (NCS) proteins. NCS1 is composed of four EF-hand motifs and an N-terminal myristoylation. However, the presence of a calcium-myristoyl switch in NCS1 and its role in the membrane binding are controversial. The model of Langmuir lipid monolayers is thus used to mimic the cell membrane in order to characterize the membrane interactions of NCS1. Two binding parameters are calculated from monolayer measurements: the maximum insertion pressure, up to which protein binding is energetically favorable, and the synergy, reporting attractive or repulsive interactions with the lipid monolayers. Binding membrane measurements performed in the presence of myristoylated NCS1 reveal better binding interactions for phospholipids composed of phosphoethanolamine polar head groups and unsaturated fatty acyl chains. In the absence of calcium, the membrane binding measurements are drastically modified and suggest that the protein is more strongly bound to the membrane. Indeed, the binding of calcium by three EF-hand motifs of NCS1 leads to a conformation change. NCS1 arrangement at the membrane could thus be reshuffled for better interactions with its substrates. The N-terminal peptide of NCS1 is composed of two amphiphilic helices involved in the membrane interactions of NCS1. Moreover, the presence of the myristoyl group has a weak influence on the membrane binding of NCS1 suggesting the absence of a calcium-myristoyl switch mechanism in this protein. The myristoylation could thus have a structural role required in the folding/unfolding of NCS1 which is essential to its multiple biological functions.

  3. Service Utilization for Lifetime Mental Disorders in U.S. Adolescents: Results of the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merikangas, Kathleen Ries; He, Jian-ping; Burstein, Marcy; Swendsen, Joel; Avenevoli, Shelli; Case, Brady; Georgiades, Katholiki; Heaton, Leanne; Swanson, Sonja; Olfson, Mark

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Mental health policy for youth has been constrained by a paucity of nationally representative data concerning patterns and correlates of mental health service utilization in this segment of the population. The objectives of this investigation were to examine the rates and sociodemographic correlates of lifetime mental health service use…

  4. Investigation of electroluminescence properties of CdTe@CdS core-shell nanocrystals (NCs)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Molaei; S Pourjafari

    2014-02-01

    In this work, CdTe@CdS NCs were synthesized using a thermochemical approach and synthesized NCs were used as an emissive layer, a light emitting device, with ITO/MoO3/PVK/CdTe@CdS(core-shell)/Mg:Ag structure. Structural and optical properties of synthesized NCs were investigated by means of XRD, UV–Vis and photoluminescence (PL) analyses. Fabricated device was characterized by electroluminescence spectra. XRD analysis demonstrated cubic phase NCs. Photoluminescence spectra showed a narrow band emission with a peak centred at about 600 nm. Fabricated device showed an emission at 600 nm, which is related to CdTe@CdS NCs. Turn on voltage of fabricated device is about 8 V and brightness is 53.7 Cd/m2 at a working voltage of about 14.57 V.

  5. Characterizing Hospice Services in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Maureen A.; Seplaki, Christopher; Biagtan, Mark; DuPreez, Amanda; Cleary, James

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Although caregivers desire specific information about hospice programs, there is little descriptive information available. We characterized agencies that provide formal or informal hospice care in the United States according to four types of services considered important by caregivers: medications and treatments; rehabilitative care;…

  6. DR-model-based estimation algorithm for NCS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Si-niu; CHEN Zong-ji; WEI Chen

    2006-01-01

    A novel estimation scheme based on dead reckoning (DR) model for networked control system (NCS)is proposed in this paper.Both the detailed DR estimation algorithm and the stability analysis of the system are given.By using DR estimation of the state,the effect of communication delays is overcome.This makes a controller designed without considering delays still applicable in NCS Moreover,the scheme can effectively solve the problem of data packet loss or timeout.

  7. Characterization of ICT Services in a beyond 2020 Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jannick Kirk; Skouby, Knud Erik

    In this paper we present a preliminary model for the characterization of ICT services in a beyond 2020 perspective based on the particular properties ICT has as design material. The paper aims at unifying traditions from service research and service encounter research with the research traditions...... encounter. This is important for the design of future automated and intelligent ICT- based services....

  8. Current and future industrial energy service characterizations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

    1980-10-01

    Current and future energy demands, end uses, and cost used to characterize typical applications and resultant services in the industrial sector of the United States and 15 selected states are examined. A review and evaluation of existing industrial energy data bases was undertaken to assess their potential for supporting SERI research on: (1) market suitability analysis, (2) market development, (3) end-use matching, (3) industrial applications case studies, and (4) identification of cost and performance goals for solar systems and typical information requirements for industrial energy end use. In reviewing existing industrial energy data bases, the level of detail, disaggregation, and primary sources of information were examined. The focus was on fuels and electric energy used for heat and power purchased by the manufacturing subsector and listed by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC, primary fuel, and end use. Projections of state level energy prices to 1990 are developed using the energy intensity approach. The effects of federal and state industrial energy conservation programs on future industrial sector demands were assessed. Future end-use energy requirements were developed for each 4-digit SIC industry and were grouped as follows: (1) hot water, (2) steam (212 to 300/sup 0/F, each 100/sup 0/F interval from 300 to 1000/sup 0/F, and greater than 1000/sup 0/F), and (3) hot air (100/sup 0/F intervals). Volume I details the activities performed in this effort.

  9. Bio-NCs - the marriage of ultrasmall metal nanoclusters with biomolecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Nirmal; Zheng, Kaiyuan; Xie, Jianping

    2014-10-01

    Ultrasmall metal nanoclusters (NCs) have attracted increasing attention due to their fascinating physicochemical properties. Today, functional metal NCs are finding growing acceptance in biomedical applications. To achieve a better performance in biomedical applications, metal NCs can be interfaced with biomolecules, such as proteins, peptides, and DNA, to form a new class of biomolecule-NC composites (or bio-NCs in short), which typically show synergistic or novel physicochemical and physiological properties. This feature article focuses on the recent studies emerging at the interface of metal NCs and biomolecules, where the interactions could impart unique physicochemical properties to the metal NCs, as well as mutually regulate biological functions of the bio-NCs. In this article, we first provide a broad overview of key concepts and developments in the novel biomolecule-directed synthesis of metal NCs. A special focus is placed on the key roles of biomolecules in metal NC synthesis. In the second part, we describe how the encapsulated metal NCs affect the structure and function of biomolecules. Followed by that, we discuss several unique synergistic effects observed in the bio-NCs, and illustrate them with examples highlighting their potential biomedical applications. Continued interdisciplinary efforts are required to build up in-depth knowledge about the interfacial chemistry and biology of bio-NCs, which could further pave their ways toward biomedical applications.

  10. Bio-NCs--the marriage of ultrasmall metal nanoclusters with biomolecules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Nirmal; Zheng, Kaiyuan; Xie, Jianping

    2014-11-21

    Ultrasmall metal nanoclusters (NCs) have attracted increasing attention due to their fascinating physicochemical properties. Today, functional metal NCs are finding growing acceptance in biomedical applications. To achieve a better performance in biomedical applications, metal NCs can be interfaced with biomolecules, such as proteins, peptides, and DNA, to form a new class of biomolecule-NC composites (or bio-NCs in short), which typically show synergistic or novel physicochemical and physiological properties. This feature article focuses on the recent studies emerging at the interface of metal NCs and biomolecules, where the interactions could impart unique physicochemical properties to the metal NCs, as well as mutually regulate biological functions of the bio-NCs. In this article, we first provide a broad overview of key concepts and developments in the novel biomolecule-directed synthesis of metal NCs. A special focus is placed on the key roles of biomolecules in metal NC synthesis. In the second part, we describe how the encapsulated metal NCs affect the structure and function of biomolecules. Followed by that, we discuss several unique synergistic effects observed in the bio-NCs, and illustrate them with examples highlighting their potential biomedical applications. Continued interdisciplinary efforts are required to build up in-depth knowledge about the interfacial chemistry and biology of bio-NCs, which could further pave their ways toward biomedical applications.

  11. Application of Network Analysis for Characterizing Service Modularity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of the application of network analytical techniques to identify and characterize modularity of service processes. Services can be conceptualized as systems of interrelated components which can be decomposed in order to achieve a modular design....... The paper is based on a network theory perspective to the quantification and visualization of service process architectures. Metrics are considered in order to evaluate their usefulness for academics and practitioners interested in understanding service system design. The paper suggests a number of metrics...

  12. The solute specificity profiles of nucleobase cation symporter 1 (NCS1) from Zea mays and Setaria viridis illustrate functional flexibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapp, Micah; Schein, Jessica; Hunt, Kevin A; Nalam, Vamsi; Mourad, George S; Schultes, Neil P

    2016-03-01

    The solute specificity profiles (transport and binding) for the nucleobase cation symporter 1 (NCS1) proteins, from the closely related C4 grasses Zea mays and Setaria viridis, differ from that of Arabidopsis thaliana and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii NCS1. Solute specificity profiles for NCS1 from Z. mays (ZmNCS1) and S. viridis (SvNCS1) were determined through heterologous complementation studies in NCS1-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. The four Viridiplantae NCS1 proteins transport the purines adenine and guanine, but unlike the dicot and algal NCS1, grass NCS1 proteins fail to transport the pyrimidine uracil. Despite the high level of amino acid sequence similarity, ZmNCS1 and SvNCS1 display distinct solute transport and recognition profiles. SvNCS1 transports adenine, guanine, hypoxanthine, cytosine, and allantoin and competitively binds xanthine and uric acid. ZmNCS1 transports adenine, guanine, and cytosine and competitively binds, 5-fluorocytosine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, and uric acid. The differences in grass NCS1 profiles are due to a limited number of amino acid alterations. These amino acid residues do not correspond to amino acids essential for overall solute and cation binding or solute transport, as previously identified in bacterial and fungal NCS1, but rather may represent residues involved in subtle solute discrimination. The data presented here reveal that within Viridiplantae, NCS1 proteins transport a broad range of nucleobase compounds and that the solute specificity profile varies with species.

  13. Mirror Symmetry Breaking of cis-[Ni(NCS)2tren]: Special Chiral Conformations of Chelate Rings%cis-[Ni(NCS)2tren]的镜面对称性破缺:螯环的特殊手性构象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成勇; 颜建新; 林以玑; 李丹; 方雪明; 章慧

    2012-01-01

    为了探究cis-[Ni(NCS)2tren] [tren:三(2-氨基乙基)胺]的手性来源,本文采用单晶X射线衍射、溶液紫外-可见-近红外(UV-Vis-NIR)光谱、固体紫外圆二色(CD)光谱和粉末X射线衍射(XRD)等对cis-[Ni(NCS )2tren]的一对手性晶体进行了表征.研究结果表明:该手性晶体由结晶过程中的镜面对称性破缺而形成;三角架型配体tren配位后的特殊手性构象(δδλ,λλδ)是cis-[Ni(NCS)2tren]的主要手性来源.络合物固体紫外CD谱所呈现的Cotton效应可能来自其螯环手性构象以及手性金属中心对NCS-配体的π-π*跃迁和荷移跃迁生色团的手性微扰.对20批次合成产物进行固体CD检测的统计结果表明:它们的对映体过量(ee)值在39%-100%之间.%In order to explore the chiral origin of c/s-[Ni(NCS)2tren] [tren: tris(2-aminoethyl) amine], a pair of chiral crystals of c;s-[Ni(NCS)jtren] was characterized by X-ray single crystal structural analysis, solution UV-Vis-near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, solid state UV-circular dichiroism (CD), and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra. The results indicated that the chiral crystals of c/s-[Ni(NCS)2tren] were obtained by mirror symmetry-breaking crystallization, and the special chiral ring conformations (66A, AA6) of the coordinated tripod-type tren ligands are responsible for the chiral origin of c/s-[Ni(NCS)2tren]. The Cotton effects of Ni(ll) complexes in the solid-state UV-CD spectra are presumably attributed to the tt-tt* and charge-transfer chromophores of the NCS" ligands by the chiral perturbation of the helical ring conformations and metal-centered chirality. According to the statistical results of solid-state CD spectra of c/s-[Ni(NCS)2tren] for twenty batch syntheses, their enantiomeric excess (ee) values are between 39% and 100%.

  14. The Cuban National Healthcare System: Characterization of primary healthcare services.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keli Regina DAL PRÁ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a report on the experience of healthcare professionals in Florianópolis, who took the course La Atención Primaria de Salud y la Medicina Familiar en Cuba [Primary Healthcare and Family Medicine in Cuba], in 2014. The purpose of the study is to characterize the healthcare units and services provided by the Cuban National Healthcare System (SNS and to reflect on this experience/immersion, particularly on Cuba’s Primary Healthcare Service. The results found that in comparison with Brazil’s Single Healthcare System (SUS Cuba’s SNS Family Healthcare (SF service is the central organizing element of the Primary Healthcare Service. The number of SF teams per inhabitant is different than in Brazil; the programs given priority in the APS are similar to those in Brazil and the intersectorial nature and scope of the services prove to be effective in the resolution of healthcare problems.

  15. Lack of effects of typical and atypical antipsychotics in DARPP-32 and NCS-1 levels in PC12 cells overexpressing NCS-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reis Helton J

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Schizophrenia is the major psychiatry disorder, which the exact cause remains unknown. However, it is well known that dopamine-mediated neurotransmission imbalance is associated with this pathology and the main target of antipsychotics is the dopamine receptor D2. Recently, it was described alteration in levels of two dopamine signaling related proteins in schizophrenic prefrontal cortex (PFC: Neuronal Calcium Sensor-1 (NCS-1 and DARPP-32. NCS-1, which is upregulated in PFC of schizophrenics, inhibits D2 internalization. DARPP-32, which is decreased in PFC of schizophrenics, is a key downstream effector in transducing dopamine signaling. We previously demonstrated that antipsychotics do not change levels of both proteins in rat's brain. However, since NCS-1 and DARPP-32 levels are not altered in wild type rats, we treated wild type PC12 cells (PC12 WT and PC12 cells stably overexpressing NCS-1 (PC12 Clone with antipsychotics to investigate if NCS-1 upregulation modulates DARPP-32 expression in response to antipsychotics treatment. Results We chronically treated both PC12 WT and PC12 Clone cells with typical (Haloperidol or atypical (Clozapine and Risperidone antipsychotics for 14 days. Using western blot technique we observed that there is no change in NCS-1 and DARPP-32 protein levels in both PC12 WT and PC12 Clone cells after typical and atypical antipsychotic treatments. Conclusions Because we observed no alteration in NCS-1 and DARPP-32 levels in both PC12 WT and Clone cells treated with typical or atypical antipsychotics, we suggest that the alteration in levels of both proteins in schizophrenic's PFC is related to psychopathology but not with antipsychotic treatment.

  16. Letter of Intent for RPP Characterization Program Process Engineering and Hanford Analytical Services and Characterization Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ADAMS, M.R.

    2000-02-25

    The Characterization Project level of success achieved by the River Protection Project (RPP) is determined by the effectiveness of several organizations across RPP working together. The requirements, expectations, interrelationships, and performance criteria for each of these organizations were examined in order to understand the performances necessary to achieve characterization objectives. This Letter of Intent documents the results of the above examination. It formalizes the details of interfaces, working agreements, and requirements for obtaining and transferring tank waste samples from the Tank Farm System (RPP Process Engineering, Characterization Project Operations, and RPP Quality Assurance) to the characterization laboratory complex (222-S Laboratory, Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility, and the Hanford Analytical Service Program) and for the laboratory complex analysis and reporting of analytical results.

  17. Rapid Detection of miRNA Using Nucleic Acids-templated AgNCs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shah, Pratik

    such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and Alzheimer’s disease. MiRNAs, thus, can be useful markers for disease diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Because of its attractive optical properties such as brightness, tuneable emission wavelengths and photo-stability, DNA stabilized silver nano......-clusters (AgNCs) has increasingly been used to create nanoscale bio-sensing systems for selective and specific detection of bio-molecules. During the course of my Ph.D., I have focused on developing a novel diagnostic tool for miRNA detection using the fluorescent properties of DNA encapsulated AgNCs (DNA/Ag......NCs). I have showed that rapid, simple, sensitive and specific miRNA detection is possible. Two aspects of my research are 1) the implication of DNA secondary structure on the photoluminescence properties of DNA/AgNCs, 2) the development of a novel tool for miRNA detection in complex biological samples...

  18. A coupled cluster study of the structures, spectroscopic properties, and isomerization path of NCS - and CNS -

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pak, Youngshang; Woods, R. Claude; Peterson, Kirk A.

    1995-12-01

    Three-dimensional near-equilibrium potential energy surfaces and dipole moment functions have been calculated for the X 1Σ+ ground states of NCS- and CNS-, using the coupled cluster method with single and double substitutions augmented by a perturbative estimate of triple excitations [CCSD(T)] with a set of 154 contracted Gaussian-type orbitals. The corresponding equilibrium bond lengths at their linear geometries are re(NC)=1.1788 Å and re(CS)=1.6737 Å for NCS-, and re(CN)=1.1805 Å and re(NS)=1.6874 Å for CNS-. The predicted equilibrium rotational constants Be of NCS- and CNS- are 5918.2 and 6282.7 MHz, respectively. The former agrees very well with the known experimental value (5919.0 MHz). Full three-dimensional variational calculations have also been carried out using the CCSD(T) potential energy and dipole moment functions to determine the rovibrational energy levels and dipole moment matrix elements for both NCS- and CNS-. The corresponding fundamental band origins (cm-1) ν1, ν2, and ν3 and their absolute intensities (km/mol) at the CCSD(T) level are 2060.9/306.1, 451.5/2.2, and 707.5/12.8, respectively, for NCS- and 2011.4/6.6, 343.7/2.3, and 624.9/0.2 for CNS-. The calculated ν1 (CN stretching) value for NCS- is in very good agreement with the experimental result, 2065.9 cm-1. The calculated dipole moments of NCS- and CNS- in their ground vibrational states are 1.427 and 1.347 D, respectively. The transition state geometry (saddle point) for the isomerization of NCS-→CNS- is predicted at the CCSD(T) level to be r(NC)=1.2044 Å, R(CS)=1.9411 Å and θ(∠NCS)=86.8°. Its calculated energy is 62.6 and 26.5 kcal/mol above the minima of NCS- and CNS-, respectively, including zero-point energy corrections. The structure of the NCS radical was also optimized at the same level of theory, yielding ion to neutral bond length shifts in excellent agreement with those derived from recent photoelectron spectroscopy experiments.

  19. Manganese(II)-azido/thiocyanato complexes of naphthylazoimidazoles: X-ray structures of Mn(β-NaiEt) 2(X) 2 (β-NaiEt = 1-ethyl-2-(naphthyl-β-azo)imidazole; X=N3-, NCS -)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, D.; Chand, B. G.; Wu, J. S.; Lu, T.-H.; Sinha, C.

    2007-10-01

    Manganese(II)-naphthylazoimidazole complexes using N3- and NCS - as counter ions are characterized as Mn(β-NaiR) 2(X) 2(β-NaiEt = 1-alkyl-2-(naphthyl-β-azo)imidazole; X=N3-, NCS -). The ligands are unsymmetric N(imidazole), N(azo) chelating agents. The microanalytical, spectral (FT-IR, UV-vis), magnetic (bulk moment and EPR) and electrochemical data establish the structure and composition of the complexes. The single crystal X-ray diffraction studies of Mn(β-NaiEt) 2(N 3) 2 and Mn(β-NaiEt) 2(NCS) 2(β-NaiEt = 1-ethyl-2-(naphthyl-β-azo)imidazole) have confirmed the three dimensional structure of the complexes. Cyclic voltammetry exhibits high potential Mn(III)/Mn(II) couple along with azo reductions. The EPR spectra show usual pattern.

  20. Toddlers - Background & Validation Studies - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    This stage of development is characterized by the slowing of the growth velocity and a rapid increase in fine and gross motor skills supporting increases in independence, exploration of the environment, and language skills.

  1. Syntheses and Crystal Structures of [Ni(L)2(NCS)2] and [Co(L)2(NCS)2] (L = Azobis(2-pyridine)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵琦华; 刘宇奇; 方瑞斌

    2004-01-01

    The ligand azobis(2-pyridine) L was used in the synthesis of two new organic-inorganic coordination complexes: [Ni(L)2(NCS)2] 1 and [Co(L)2(NCS)2] 2. Crystal data for 1: monoclinic, space group C2/c, a = 13.361(18), b = 10.731(15), c = 18.14(2) (A), β = 109.86(2)°, V = 2446(6)(A)3, Z = 4, Mr = 543.25, Dc = 1.410 g/cm3, μ = 0.993 mm-1, F(000) = 1064, T = 298(2) K, R = 0.0454 and wR = 0.1010 for 1288 observed reflections with I > 2((I); and those for 2: monoclinic, space group C2/c, a = 13.35(2), b = 10.806(15), c = 18.06(2) (A), β = 110.34(2)°, Z = 4, Mr = 543.49, Dc = 1.413 g/cm3, μ = 0.902 mm-1, F(000) = 1060, T = 298(2) K, R = 0.0699 and wR = 0.1354 for 728 observed reflections with I > 2((I). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies revealed that 1 and 2 have similar structures, in which each Ni(II) or Co(II) cation is coordinated by two L ligands and two terminal thiocynates (NCS-).

  2. Multiscale Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Spin Crossover FeII Complexes: Examples of [Fe(phen2(NCS2] and [Fe(PM-BiA2(NCS2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samir F. Matar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available For spin crossover (SCO complexes, computation results are reported and confirmed with experiments at multiscale levels of the isolated molecule and extended solid on the one hand and theory on the other hand. The SCO phenomenon which characterizes organometallics based on divalent iron in an octahedral FeN6-like environment with high spin (HS and low spin (LS states involves the LS/HS switching at the cost of small energies provided by temperature, pressure or light, the latter connected with Light-Induced Excited Spin-State Trapping (LIESST process. Characteristic infra red (IR and Raman vibration frequencies are computed within density functional theory (DFT framework. In [Fe(phen2(NCS2] a connection of selected frequencies is established with an ultra-fast light-induced LS → HS photoswitching mechanism. In the extended solid, density of state DOS and electron localization function (ELF are established for both LS and HS forms, leading to characterizion of the compound as an insulator in both spin states with larger gaps for LS configuration, while keeping molecular features in the solid. In [Fe(PM-BiA2(NCS2], by combining DFT and classical molecular dynamics, the properties and the domains of existence of the different phases are obtained by expressing the potential energy surfaces in a short range potential for Fe–N interactions. Applying such Fe–N potentials inserted in a classical force field and carrying out molecular dynamics (MD in so-called “semi-classical MD” calculations, lead to the relative energies of HS/LS configurations of the crystal and to the assessment of the experimental (P, T phase diagram.

  3. The NCS code of practice for the quality assurance and control for volumetric modulated arc therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mans, Anton; Schuring, Danny; Arends, Mark P.; Vugts, Cornelia A. J. M.; Wolthaus, Jochem W. H.; Lotz, Heidi T.; Admiraal, Marjan; Louwe, Rob J. W.; Ollers, Michel C.; van de Kamer, Jeroen B.

    2016-01-01

    In 2010, the NCS (Netherlands Commission on Radiation Dosimetry) installed a subcommittee to develop guidelines for quality assurance and control for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatments. The report (published in 2015) has been written by Dutch medical physicists and has therefore, ine

  4. Self-directed exploration provides a Ncs1-dependent learning bonus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mun, Ho-Suk; Saab, Bechara J; Ng, Enoch; McGirr, Alexander; Lipina, Tatiana V; Gondo, Yoichi; Georgiou, John; Roder, John C

    2015-12-07

    Understanding the mechanisms of memory formation is fundamental to establishing optimal educational practices and restoring cognitive function in brain disease. Here, we show for the first time in a non-primate species, that spatial learning receives a special bonus from self-directed exploration. In contrast, when exploration is escape-oriented, or when the full repertoire of exploratory behaviors is reduced, no learning bonus occurs. These findings permitted the first molecular and cellular examinations into the coupling of exploration to learning. We found elevated expression of neuronal calcium sensor 1 (Ncs1) and dopamine type-2 receptors upon self-directed exploration, in concert with increased neuronal activity in the hippocampal dentate gyrus and area CA3, as well as the nucleus accumbens. We probed further into the learning bonus by developing a point mutant mouse (Ncs1(P144S/P144S)) harboring a destabilized NCS-1 protein, and found this line lacked the equivalent self-directed exploration learning bonus. Acute knock-down of Ncs1 in the hippocampus also decoupled exploration from efficient learning. These results are potentially relevant for augmenting learning and memory in health and disease, and provide the basis for further molecular and circuit analyses in this direction.

  5. The NCS code of practice for the quality assurance and control for volumetric modulated arc therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mans, Anton; Schuring, Danny; Arends, Mark P.; Vugts, Cornelia A. J. M.; Wolthaus, Jochem W. H.; Lotz, Heidi T.; Admiraal, Marjan; Louwe, Rob J. W.; Öllers, Michel C.; van de Kamer, Jeroen B.

    2016-10-01

    In 2010, the NCS (Netherlands Commission on Radiation Dosimetry) installed a subcommittee to develop guidelines for quality assurance and control for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatments. The report (published in 2015) has been written by Dutch medical physicists and has therefore, inevitably, a Dutch focus. This paper is a condensed version of these guidelines, the full report in English is freely available from the NCS website www.radiationdosimetry.org. After describing the transition from IMRT to VMAT, the paper addresses machine quality assurance (QA) and treatment planning system (TPS) commissioning for VMAT. The final section discusses patient specific QA issues such as the use of class solutions, measurement devices and dose evaluation methods.

  6. Improvement in γ-hydroxybutyrate-induced contextual fear memory deficit by systemic administration of NCS-382

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishiwari, Keita

    2016-01-01

    Low, nonsedative doses of γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) produce short-term anterograde amnesia in humans and memory impairments in experimental animals. We have previously shown that acute systemic treatment of GHB in adolescent female rats impairs the acquisition, but not the expression, of contextual fear memory while sparing both the acquisition and the expression of auditory cued fear memory. In the brain, GHB binds to specific GHB-binding sites as well as to γ-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) receptors. Although many of the behavioral effects of GHB at high doses have been attributed to its effects on the GABAB receptor, it is unclear which receptor mediates its relatively low-dose memory-impairing effects. The present study examined the ability of the putative GHB receptor antagonist NCS-382 to block the disrupting effects of GHB on fear memory in adolescent rat. Groups of rats received either a single dose of NCS-382 (3–10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) or vehicle, followed by an injection of either GHB (100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) or saline. All rats were trained in the fear paradigm, and tested for contextual fear memory and auditory cued fear memory. NCS-382 dose-dependently reversed deficits in the acquisition of contextual fear memory induced by GHB in adolescent rats, with 5 mg/kg of NCS-382 maximally increasing freezing to the context compared with the group administered GHB alone. When animals were tested for cued fear memory, treatment groups did not differ in freezing responses to the tone. These results suggest that low-dose amnesic effects of GHB are mediated by GHB receptors. PMID:27105320

  7. A Web Service and Interface for Remote Electronic Device Characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, S.; Prakash, S.; Estrada, D.; Pop, E.

    2011-01-01

    A lightweight Web Service and a Web site interface have been developed, which enable remote measurements of electronic devices as a "virtual laboratory" for undergraduate engineering classes. Using standard browsers without additional plugins (such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, or even Safari on an iPhone), remote users can control a Keithley…

  8. NCS-1 associates with adenosine A2A receptors and modulates receptor function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma eNavarro

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Modulation of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR signalling by local changes in intracellular calcium concentration is an established function of Calmodulin which is known to interact with many GPCRs. Less is known about the functional role of the closely related neuronal EF-hand Ca2+-sensor proteins that frequently associate with calmodulin targets with different functional outcome. In the present study we aimed to investigate if a target of calmodulin – the A2A adenosine receptor, is able to associate with two other neuronal calcium binding proteins, namely NCS-1 and caldendrin. Using bioluminescence resonance energy transfer and co-immunoprecipitation experiments we show the existence of A2A - NCS-1 complexes in living cells whereas caldendrin did not associate with A2A receptors under the conditions tested. Interestingly, NCS-1 binding modulated downstream A2A receptor intracellular signalling in a Ca2+-dependent manner. Taken together this study provides further evidence that neuronal Ca2+-sensor proteins play an important role in modulation of GPCR signalling.

  9. Synthesis, characterization and thermal studies of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) complexes of N-methyl-N-phenyl dithiocarbamate: the single crystal structure of [(C(6)H(5))(CH(3))NCS(2)](4)Hg(2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onwudiwe, Damian C; Ajibade, Peter A

    2011-01-01

    Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) complexes of N-methyl-N-phenyl dithiocarbamate have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectral studies (IR, (1)H and (13)C-NMR). The single crystal X-ray structure of the mercury complex revealed that the complex contains a Hg centre with a distorted tetrahedral coordination sphere in which the dinuclear Hg complex resides on a crystallographic inversion centre and each Hg atom is coordinated to four S atoms from the dithiocarbamate moiety. One dithiocarbamate ligand acts as chelating ligand while the other acts as chelating bridging ligand between two Hg atoms, resulting in a dinuclear eight-member ring. The course of the thermal degradation of the complexes has been investigated using thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses techniques. Thermogravimetric analysis of the complexes show a single weight loss to give MS (M = Zn, Cd, Hg) indicating that they might be useful as single source precursors for the synthesis of MS nanoparticles and thin films.

  10. State of work for services provided by the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility for effluent monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gleckler, B.P.

    1995-02-01

    This document defines the services the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility (WSCF) shall provide Effluent Monitoring (EM) throughout the calendar year for analysis. The internal memo contained in Appendix A identifies the samples Em plans to submit for analysis in CY-1995. Analysis of effluent (liquid and air discharges) and environmental (air, liquid, animal, and vegetative) samples is required using standard laboratory procedures, in accordance with regulatory and control requirements. This report describes regulatory reporting requirements and WSCF services and data quality objectives.

  11. A simple coordination complex exhibiting colour change on slight structural modification: Synthesis and crystal structures of violet and yellow forms of [NiII(opda)2(NCS)2] (opda = orthophenylenediamine)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sabbani Supriya; Samar K Das

    2010-09-01

    The violet-coloured compound [NiII(opda)2(NCS)2] (1) undergoes colour change to strawyellow colour retaining its molecular composition on standing over long period of time at room temperature in the solid state. Compound 1 (violet form) and its yellow-form [NiII(opda)2(NCS)2] (2) (opda = orthophenylenediammine) have been characterized by routine spectroscopic methods and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 crystallizes in monoclinic space group 21/ and its yellow form (compound 2) retains same space group. Their crystal structures show an intricate supramolecular network based on N-H$\\cdots$S hydrogen bonds, that involve amine and thiocyanate groups coordinated to nickel(II).

  12. Syntheses, Structure, Magnetic Properties and 57Fe Mossbauer Spectroscopies of Two Iron(Ⅱ) Complexes: Room-temperature Spin Crossover Behavior Observed in [Fe(dpq)(MePy)2(NCS)2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAO, Jianqing; GU, Yunlan; ZHOU, Xinhui; GU, Zhiguo; ZUO, Jinglin; YOU, Xiaozeng

    2009-01-01

    Two new complexes [Fe(dpq)(MePy)2(NCS)2] (1) and [Fe(Medpq)(MePy)2(NCS)2] (2) (dpq=2-dipyrido[3,2-f: 2',3'-h]quinoxaline, Medpq=2-methyidipyrido[3,2-f.2',3'-h]quinoxaline, MePy=4-methylpyridine) have been syn- thesized. The crystal structure of 2 was characterized by X-ray diffraction at room temperature. It crystallizes in or- thorhombic space group I212121, with a =15.057(3)A, b =14.569(3)A, c=13.180(3) A,α=90.00°,β= 90.00°,γ= 90.00°, and V=2891.2(11)A3. The distorted [FEN6] octahedron in 2 is formed by six nitrogen atoms from Medpq, two trans-MePy molecules and two cis-NCS- anions. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibilities and Moss- bauer spectroscopies of 1 and 2 reveal the occurrence of a gradual spin transition. The transition for I spans the 200 -450 K temperature range with a T1/2 of 340 K, while for 2, the transition in low temperature is incomplete.

  13. Electrically controllable molecular spin crossover switching in Fe(phen)2 (NCS)2 thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondal, Chaitali; Mandal, Swapan K.

    2016-10-01

    Spin crossover molecular complex Fe(phen)2(NCS)2 in thin film form (20-300 nm) is obtained by simple dip-coating technique on glass substrates. The growth of the molecular films is confirmed by optical and X-ray diffraction data. The morphology of the samples shows distributed nanocrystals with an average size ca. 12 nm. We measure the current (I)-voltage (V) characteristics of a device with 300 nm film thickness and show that application of electric field can induce spin state switching. The electric field experienced by individual nanocrystals separated by nanometric gap is supposed to be quite high and is plausibly playing the crucial role in instigating switching in molecular nanocrystals. The result is quite significant towards developing room temperature molecular spin cross-over switching devices in the nanoscale limit.

  14. Degradation chemistry of RuLL´(NCS)2 complexes in the Dye-sensitized solar cell

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Torben

    In the last decade dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) have extensively been studied. From an economical point of view DSCs are of high interest because the manufacturing costs of DSCs devices are significantly lower in contrast to the costs of other solar devices such as silicon cells. One...... on the surface of a semiconductor anode (TiO2). In order to be able to predict the life time of the dye during solar cell operation it is essential to map all the possible side reactions and their rates initiated from the excited (S*), oxidized (S+) and ground state of the sensitizer (S). In my lecture I...... will present and overview of our degradation investigations of the ruthenium dyes N719, Z907 and C106 with the general structure RuLL´(NCS)2 and show how detailed degradation mechanistic knowledge is important in the developing of DSC cells with improved thermal dye stability. The various ruthenium dye...

  15. Magnetothermal instability in the organic layered superconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konoike, T.; Uchida, K.; Osada, T.; Yamaguchi, T.; Nishimura, M.; Terashima, T.; Uji, S.; Yamada, J.

    2009-02-01

    We have studied the magnetothermal instability in κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2 by means of measuring the temperature change in the sample. We report the remarkable temperature spikes due to the flux jumps and the preceding temperature oscillations in the vortex solid state. These dependences on the sweep rate are almost consistent with the conventional theory based on the Bean model. The temperature dependences of the flux jump suggest that the melting transition from the vortex solid to the liquid phase at low temperatures is not driven by thermal fluctuations, but rather by quantum ones. The small temperature fluctuations observed at very low temperatures imply the dendritic vortex distribution in this salt.

  16. Tempeh Waste as a Natural, Economical Carbon and Nutrient Source: ED-XRF and NCS Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SITI KHODIJAH CHAERUN

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the elemental composition of three types of waste from tempeh production. They are soybean hull “tempeh waste” after dehulling soybeans, tempeh wastewater after soaking dehulled soybeans in water for 24 h, and tempeh wastewater after boiling dehulled soybeans in water for 30 min. By using ED-XRF analyzer, it was revealed that tempeh waste contained Mg, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, and Zn. The highest elemental content was K, followed by Ca, P, and Mg. NCS analysis showed that tempeh waste was composed of C, N, and S with C/N ratio of 11.20. The present study provides evidence that both tempeh waste and wastewater are rich in carbon and nutrient contents, thus their potential for both inorganic and organic nutrient and carbon sources for microbial growth in bioremediation or as natural NPK fertilizers is promising.

  17. Effect of salts, solvents and buffer on miRNA detection using DNA silver nanocluster (DNA/AgNCs) probes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Pratik; Cho, Seok Keun; Waaben Thulstrup, Peter; Bhang, Yong-Joo; Ahn, Jong Cheol; Choi, Suk Won; Rørvig-Lund, Andreas; Yang, Seong Wook

    2014-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory RNAs (size ˜21 nt to ˜25 nt) which regulate a variety of important cellular events in plants, animals and single cell eukaryotes. Especially because of their use in diagnostics of human diseases, efforts have been directed towards the invention of a rapid, simple and sequence selective detection method for miRNAs. Recently, we reported an innovative method for the determination of miRNA levels using the red fluorescent properties of DNA/silver nanoclusters (DNA/AgNCs). Our method is based on monitoring the emission drop of a DNA/AgNCs probe in the presence of its specific target miRNA. Accordingly, the accuracy and efficiency of the method relies on the sensitivity of hybridization between the probe and target. To gain specific and robust hybridization between probe and target, we investigated a range of diverse salts, organic solvents, and buffer to optimize target sensing conditions. Under the newly adjusted conditions, the target sensitivity and the formation of emissive DNA/AgNCs probes were significantly improved. Also, fortification of the Tris-acetate buffer with inorganic salts or organic solvents improved the sensitivity of the DNA/AgNC probes. On the basis of these optimizations, the versatility of the DNA/AgNCs-based miRNA detection method can be expanded.

  18. 47 CFR 4.13 - Reports by the National Communications System (NCS) and by special offices and facilities, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... day in the FCC's Communications and Crisis Management Center in Washington, DC. Notification may be... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports by the National Communications System (NCS) and by special offices and facilities, and related responsibilities of communications...

  19. Current and future industrial energy service characterizations. Volume II. Energy data on the US manufacturing subsector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

    1980-10-01

    In order to characterize industrial energy service, current energy demand, its end uses, and cost of typical energy applications and resultant services in the industrial sector were examined and a projection of state industrial energy demands and prices to 1990 was developed. Volume II presents in Section 2 data on the US manufacturing subsector energy demand, intensity, growth rates, and cost for 1971, 1974, and 1976. These energy data are disaggregated not only by fuel type but also by user classifications, including the 2-digit SIC industry groups, 3-digit subgroups, and 4-digit SIC individual industries. These data characterize typical energy applications and the resultant services in this subsector. The quantities of fuel and electric energy purchased by the US manufacturing subsector were converted to British thermal units and reported in billions of Btu. The conversion factors are presented in Table 4-1 of Volume I. To facilitate the descriptive analysis, all energy cost and intensity data were expressed in constant 1976 dollars. The specific US industrial energy service characteristics developed and used in the descriptive analysis are presented in Volume I. Section 3 presents the computer program used to produce the tabulated data.

  20. Antiferromagnetism in a Family of S = 1 Square Lattice Coordination Polymers NiX2(pyz)2 (X = Cl, Br, I, NCS; pyz = Pyrazine).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Junjie; Goddard, Paul A; Singleton, John; Brambleby, Jamie; Foronda, Francesca; Möller, Johannes S; Kohama, Yoshimitsu; Ghannadzadeh, Saman; Ardavan, Arzhang; Blundell, Stephen J; Lancaster, Tom; Xiao, Fan; Williams, Robert C; Pratt, Francis L; Baker, Peter J; Wierschem, Keola; Lapidus, Saul H; Stone, Kevin H; Stephens, Peter W; Bendix, Jesper; Woods, Toby J; Carreiro, Kimberly E; Tran, Hope E; Villa, Cecelia J; Manson, Jamie L

    2016-04-01

    The crystal structures of NiX2(pyz)2 (X = Cl (1), Br (2), I (3), and NCS (4)) were determined by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. All four compounds consist of two-dimensional (2D) square arrays self-assembled from octahedral NiN4X2 units that are bridged by pyz ligands. The 2D layered motifs displayed by 1-4 are relevant to bifluoride-bridged [Ni(HF2)(pyz)2]EF6 (E = P, Sb), which also possess the same 2D layers. In contrast, terminal X ligands occupy axial positions in 1-4 and cause a staggered packing of adjacent layers. Long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order occurs below 1.5 (Cl), 1.9 (Br and NCS), and 2.5 K (I) as determined by heat capacity and muon-spin relaxation. The single-ion anisotropy and g factor of 2, 3, and 4 were measured by electron-spin resonance with no evidence for zero-field splitting (ZFS) being observed. The magnetism of 1-4 spans the spectrum from quasi-two-dimensional (2D) to three-dimensional (3D) antiferromagnetism. Nearly identical results and thermodynamic features were obtained for 2 and 4 as shown by pulsed-field magnetization, magnetic susceptibility, as well as their Néel temperatures. Magnetization curves for 2 and 4 calculated by quantum Monte Carlo simulation also show excellent agreement with the pulsed-field data. Compound 3 is characterized as a 3D AFM with the interlayer interaction (J⊥) being slightly stronger than the intralayer interaction along Ni-pyz-Ni segments (J(pyz)) within the two-dimensional [Ni(pyz)2](2+) square planes. Regardless of X, J(pyz) is similar for the four compounds and is roughly 1 K.

  1. Experiences with the characterization of new and ex-service grade 91 material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruycker, Evy de; Huysmans, Staf [Laborelec, Linkebeek (Belgium)

    2010-07-01

    Martensitic Grade 91 steel is intensively used for tubes and pipes as a replacement for Grade 22 and in the new ultra super critical power plants for components subject to temperatures up to 600 C. This relatively new material is more complex than its predecessors, as its high temperature strength depends on the precise distribution of fine precipitates. Hence small deviations in composition or heat treatment can have a significant influence on, for example, the creep strength. As the amount of available data on ex-service components in Grade 91 is still limited, a characterization of two ex-service materials and a comparison with new material was carried out. The chemical composition, microstructure, creep strength, mechanical properties and hardness of two new tubes, one new pipe, one ex-service tube and one ex-service pipe in Grade 91 were determined. For the determination of the creep strength the stress relaxation testing technique was used and compared with conventional creep tests on the same material. Stress relaxation testing proved to be an adequate technique to determine the current creep strength of Grade 91 material. A strong dependency of small deviations in composition on the creep strength was noted. A low carbon content seemed to decrease the creep strength significantly. The distribution of the precipitates was investigated with TEM for one new and one ex-service tube. The ex-service tube did show a slight coarsening of the M{sub 23}C{sub 6} compared to the new tube. However, the overall amount of precipitates (fine MX and M{sub 23}C{sub 6}) was larger for the ex-service tube, which had a higher amount of carbon. This could explain the higher creep strength of this tube. (orig.)

  2. Characterizing learning-through-service students in engineering by gender and academic year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carberry, Adam Robert

    Service is increasingly being viewed as an integral part of education nationwide. Service-based courses and programs are growing in popularity as opportunities for students to learn and experience their discipline. Widespread adoption of learning-through-service (LTS) in engineering is stymied by a lack of a body of rigorous research supporting the effectiveness of these experiences. In this study, I examine learning-through-service through a nationwide survey of engineering undergraduate and graduate students participating in a variety of LTS experiences. Students (N = 322) participating in some form of service -- service-learning courses or extra-curricular service programs -- from eighty-seven different institutions across the United States completed a survey measuring demographic information (institution, gender, academic year, age, major, and grade point average), self-perceived sources of learning (service and traditional coursework), engineering epistemological beliefs, personality traits, and self-concepts (self-efficacy, motivation, expectancy, and anxiety) toward engineering design. Responses to the survey were used to characterize engineering LTS students and identify differences in these variables in terms of gender and academic year. The overall findings were that LTS students perceived their service experience to be a beneficial source for learning professional skills and, to a lesser degree, technical skills, held moderately sophisticated engineering epistemological beliefs, and were generally outgoing, compassionate, and adventurous. Self-perceived sources of learning, epistemological beliefs, and personality traits were shown to be poor predictors of student engineering achievement. Self-efficacy, motivation, and outcome expectancy toward engineering design were generally high for all LTS students; most possessed rather low anxiety levels toward engineering design. These trends were generally consistent between genders and across the five academic

  3. Magnetocaloric Evidence for FFLO Superconductivity in κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortune, Nathanael; Agosta, Charles; Hannahs, Scott; Park, Ju-Hyun; Gu, Shuyao; Liang, Lucy; Schleuter, John

    We present new magnetocaloric and calorimetric measurements of the high field superconducting state in the layered structure superconductor κ - (BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2. The strongly field-orientation dependent phase transition between the low field superconducting state and high field superconducting states is first order and is nearly temperature independent, occurring at the Clogston-Chandrasakar paramagnetic limit Hp. Magnetocaloric measurements dT / dH as a function of magnetic field reveal that the system becomes strongly paramagnetic at the cross over from the low field to high field state. At lower temperatures, we are able to resolve small changes at the phase boundary due to the absorption/release of latent heat when increasing/decreasing field, indicating that the high field state is higher entropy than the low field state. These results provide strong new evidence for the formation of paramagnetic spin domains within an inhomogeneous FFLO superconducting state. They also allow us to rule out alternative explanations involving the formation of spin density waves within a homogenous superconducting state. A portion of this work was performed at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, which is supported by National Science Foundation Cooperative Agreement No. DMR-1157490 and the State of Florida.

  4. Archaeal Tuc1/Ncs6 homolog required for wobble uridine tRNA thiolation is associated with ubiquitin-proteasome, translation, and RNA processing system homologs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikita E Chavarria

    Full Text Available While cytoplasmic tRNA 2-thiolation protein 1 (Tuc1/Ncs6 and ubiquitin-related modifier-1 (Urm1 are important in the 2-thiolation of 5-methoxycarbonylmethyl-2-thiouridine (mcm5s2U at wobble uridines of tRNAs in eukaryotes, the biocatalytic roles and properties of Ncs6/Tuc1 and its homologs are poorly understood. Here we present the first report of an Ncs6 homolog of archaea (NcsA of Haloferax volcanii that is essential for maintaining cellular pools of thiolated tRNA(LysUUU and for growth at high temperature. When purified from Hfx. volcanii, NcsA was found to be modified at Lys204 by isopeptide linkage to polymeric chains of the ubiquitin-fold protein SAMP2. The ubiquitin-activating E1 enzyme homolog of archaea (UbaA was required for this covalent modification. Non-covalent protein partners that specifically associated with NcsA were also identified including UbaA, SAMP2, proteasome activating nucleotidase (PAN-A/1, translation elongation factor aEF-1α and a β-CASP ribonuclease homolog of the archaeal cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor 1 family (aCPSF1. Together, our study reveals that NcsA is essential for growth at high temperature, required for formation of thiolated tRNA(LysUUU and intimately linked to homologs of ubiquitin-proteasome, translation and RNA processing systems.

  5. Characterization of Miniature Millimeter-Wave Vivaldi Antenna for Local Multipoint Distribution Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Rainee N.; Lee, Richard Q.

    1997-01-01

    The paper presents first, an efficient measurement technique to characterize the input impedance of a Vivaldi antenna, second, a simple technique to impedance match a Vivaldi antenna to a 50 Ohm feed line and lastly, a desktop arrangement to determine the directional gain of a Vivaldi antenna. The characterization is done using a microwave wafer probe station, a ground-signal microwave probe, impedance standard substrate and an automatic network analyzer. The Vivaldi antenna with a matching transformer has a VSVIR close to unity and a gain of about 10 dB over the frequency band of 27.5 to 28.35 GHz which is allocated for local multipoint distribution service (LMDS).

  6. Synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline calcium sulfate for use in osseous regeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Young Bum; Dziak, Rosemary [Yonsei University College of Dentistry, 250 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752 (Korea, Republic of); Mohan, Kathiravan [Advanced and Comfort Dentistry, 3655 Municipal Dr., Whitehall-Hokendauqua, PA 18052 (United States); Al-Sanousi, Abdulazi [Health Science Center, PO Box 24923, Safat 13110 (Kuwait); Almaghrabi, Bandar; Genco, Robert J [Department of Oral Biology, University at Buffalo (SUNY), 320 Foster Hall, South Campus, Buffalo, NY 14214 (United States); Swihart, Mark T, E-mail: rdziak@buffalo.edu [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University at Buffalo (SUNY), 303 Furnas Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260-4200 (United States)

    2011-10-15

    Nanoparticles of calcium sulfate (nCS) have potential advantages as a ceramic matrix, scaffold and/or vehicle for delivering growth factors for osseous regeneration in a variety of clinical situations. The objectives of this study were to synthesize and characterize nanoparticles of hemihydrate calcium sulfate (nCS) and to develop a nCS-based system for bone regeneration. A cryo-vacuum method was used to process dihydrate CS into dihydrate nCS, which was then subjected to oven drying to produce hemihydrate. The nCS was sterilized by glow discharge treatment for use as a synthetic graft material for the treatment of bone defects. Electron microscopy showed that the nCS powder consisted of aggregates of closely arranged acicular crystals, approximately 30-80 nm in width, 400-600 nm in length and approximately 80-100 nm in diameter, providing a surface area about ten times that of conventional CS. Thorough physico-chemical characterization confirmed the composition and phase of the material. Cell viability/metabolic activity assays and alkaline phosphate assays confirmed the safety and biocompatibility of nCS. Release kinetics for adsorbed platelet-derived growth factor and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) suggests that nCS may serve as an appropriate vehicle for slow release delivery of these agents. The studies presented here give evidence of the advantages of nCS as a scaffold to support osteoblastic cell activity.

  7. Synthesis of Nanocrystals and Particle Size Effects Studies on the Thermally Induced Spin Transition of the Model Spin Crossover Compound [Fe(phen)2(NCS)2].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valverde-Muñoz, Francisco Javier; Gaspar, Ana B; Shylin, Sergii I; Ksenofontov, Vadim; Real, José A

    2015-08-17

    Surfactant-free nanocrystals of the model spin-crossover compound [Fe(phen)2(NCS)2] (phen: 1,10-phenanthroline) have been synthesized applying the reverse micelle technique. The morphology of the nanocrystals, characterized by scanning electronic microscopy, corresponds to rhombohedric platelets with dimensions ranging from 203 × 203 × 106 nm to 142 × 142 × 74 nm. Variation of the concentration of the Fe(BF4)2·6H2O salt in the synthesis has been found to have little influence on the crystallite size. In contrast, the solvent-surfactant ratio (ω) is critical for a good particle growth. The spin transition of the nanocrystals has been characterized by magnetic susceptibility measurements and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The nanocrystals undergo an abrupt and more cooperative spin transition in comparison with the bulk compound. The spin transition is centered in the interval of temperature of 175-185 K and is accompanied by 8 K of thermal hysteresis width. The crystallite quality more than the crystallite size is responsible for the higher cooperativity. The magnetic properties of the nanocrystals embedded in organic polymers such as polyethylene glycol, nujol, glycerol, and triton have been studied as well. The spin transition in the nanocrystals is affected by the polymer coating. The abrupt and first-order spin transition transforms into a more continuous spin transition as a result of the chemical pressure asserted by the organic polymers on the Fe(II) centers.

  8. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Electrochemistry Properties of a (N,N'-Ethylene-bis(salicylaldiminato)) Nickel(Ⅱ) Complex, [Ni2(salen)2]·NCS-NH4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A new Ni(Ⅱ) complex [Ni2(salen)2]·(NCS)·NH4 (salen = N,N'-bis(salicylidenea-mino)ethanato) has been prepared and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, space group Pbca with a = 16.8725(13), b = 19.0046(15), c = 20.0583(16) (A), Z = 8, V = 6431.8(9) (A)3, C33H32N6Ni2O4S1, Mr= 726.13, Dc = 1.500 g/cm3, F(000) = 3008, μ = 1.284 mm-1, the final R = 0.0394 and wR = 0.0767 for 4449 observed reflections with Ⅰ>2σ(Ⅰ). The complex involves a N,N'-ethylene-bis(salicylaldiminato) Schiff base, an isothiocyanato anion and an ammonium cation. The nickle(Ⅱ) ion adopts a distorted square coordination geometry with N2O2 set of Schiff base ligand. The complexes are linked into a dimmer via intermolecular hydrogen bonds and the [Ni(salen)] moieties are connected together to form a 2-D layer structure by intermolecular N-H…O hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking. Cyclic-voltammetry method was used to characterize electrochemically the complex.

  9. Solid state luminescence of CuI and CuNCS complexes with phenanthrolines and a new tris (aminomethyl) phosphine derived from N-methyl-2-phenylethanamine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starosta, Radosław, E-mail: radoslaw.starosta@chem.uni.wroc.pl; Komarnicka, Urszula K.; Puchalska, Małgorzata

    2014-01-15

    A new tris (aminomethyl) phosphine derived from N-methyl-2-phenylethanamine P(CH{sub 2}N(CH{sub 3})CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}Ph){sub 3} (1) has been synthesized and characterized by the NMR spectra. Also, three new copper(I) iodide or isothiocyanate complexes with 1 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dmp) [CuI(phen)P(CH{sub 2}N(CH{sub 3})CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}Ph){sub 3}] (1P) CuI(dmp)P(CH{sub 2}N(CH{sub 3})CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}Ph){sub 3}] (1I) and [CuNCS(dmp)P(CH{sub 2}N(CH{sub 3})CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}Ph){sub 3}] (1T), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis as well as studied by NMR, UV–vis, IR and luminescence spectroscopies. An X-ray structure of 1P complex revealed that the geometry around Cu(I) center in this complex is distorted pseudo-tetrahedral. Investigated complexes exhibit orange, rather weak photoluminescence in the solid state. This relatively low intensity may be related to the high flattening deformations of the molecular geometries in the excited triplet states On the basis of TDDFT calculations we confirmed that the absorbance and luminescence bands of (MX,MPR{sub 3})LCT as well as of (MX)LCT types result mainly from the transitions from the copper–iodine (or isothiocyanate) bonds and a small admixture of copper–phosphine bonds to antibonding orbitals of phen or dmp diimines. -- Highlights: • A novel tris(aminomethyl)phosphine is obtained from N-methyl-2-phenylethanamine. • Three new CuI and CuNCS complexes with phen or dmp and a novel phosphine are presented. • The obtained complexes are luminescent in the solid state. • Main absorbance and luminescence bands are of (MX,MPR{sub 3})LCT as well as (MX)LCT types.

  10. Characterization and energy potential of food waste from catering service in Hangzhou, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xiao-Hui; Sun, Fa-Qian; Sun, Ying-Jun; Lu, Hao-Hao; Wu, Wei-Xiang

    2014-08-01

    Safe disposal of food waste is becoming an impending issue in China with the rapid increase of its production and the promotion of environmental awareness. Food waste from catering services in Hangzhou, China, was surveyed and characterized in this study. A questionnaire survey involving 632 units across the urban districts showed that 83.5% of the food waste was not properly treated. Daily food waste production from catering units was estimated to be 1184.5 tonnes. The ratio of volatile solid to total solid, easily biodegradable matter (including crude fat, crude protein and total starch) content in total solid and the ratio of total organic carbon to nitrogen varied in ranges of 90.1%-93.9%, 60.9%-72.1%, and 11.9-19.9, respectively. Based on the methane yield of 350 mL g VS(-1) in anaerobic batch tests, annual biogas energy of 1.0 × 10(9) MJ was estimated to be recovered from the food waste. Food waste from catering services was suggested to be an attractive clean energy source by anaerobic digestion.

  11. Synthesis, molecular and crystalline architectures, and properties of a mononuclear complex [CoII (benzidine)2(NCS)2(OH2)2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Subhasish Kundu; Subhasis Roy; Kishalay Bhar; Rajarshi Ghosh; Chia-Her Lin; Joan Ribas; Barindra Kumar Ghosh

    2013-07-01

    One mononuclear cobalt(II) compound of the type [Co(bnzd)2(NCS)2(OH2)2] (1) (bnzd = benzidine) has been isolated through a single-pot reaction of the molecular building components in MeOH-H2O solvent mixture at room temperature and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The crystal structure of complex 1 has an octahedral geometry with trans, trans, trans orientations in the order (Na,Na), (Nt,Nt), (Ow,Ow) [Na = N(amine), Nt = N(thiocyanate) and Ow = O(water)]. In crystalline state, individual units of 1 are associated by weak cooperative O-H…N, O-H…S and N-H…S hydrogen bonds resulting in a 3D network structure. The compound is redox active and shows luminescence in MeOH solution. Thermal decomposition pattern of 1 reveals the presence of two coordinated water molecules. Variabletemperature magnetic susceptibility measurement shows significant orbital contribution and numerical matrix diagonalization method gives the best fit parameters: = A∗k = 1.43; = −130 cm-1; = −864 cm-1; TIP = 0.000975; R = 1.19 × 10−4.

  12. Synthesis, Structure, Magnetism and Electrochemical Properties of Linear Pentanuclear Complex: Ni5(p-dmpzda)4(NCS)2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN, Caixia; HUO, Fangjun; WANG, Wenzhen; ISMAYILOY, Rayyat-H; LEE, Genehsiang; YEH, Chenyu; PENG, Shierning; YANG, Pin

    2009-01-01

    The synthesis, crystal structure, electrochemical and magnetic properties of a type of pyridine-modulated linear pentanuclear complex, [Ni5(μ-dmpzda)4(NCS)2] [dmpzda-H2=N,N'-di(4-methyl pyridin-2-yl)pyrazine-2,6-diamine], were studied. The complex involves a Ni5 linear chain unit with all of the Ni-Ni-Ni being nearly 180°, terminated by the two axial ligands. This pentanuclear linear metal chain is helically wrapped by four syn-syn-syn-syn type dmpzda ligands. There are two types of Ni-Ni distances existing in the complex. The terminal Ni-Ni distances bonded with the axial iigand are longer (2.3821 A) affected by the axial ligands. The inner Ni-Ni distances are very short and remain constant (2.2959 A). Two terminal Ni(Ⅱ) ions bonded with the axial ligands are in a square-pyramidal (NiN4NCS) environment and exhibit long Ni-N bonds (2.103 A), which are consistent with a high-spin Ni(Ⅱ) configuration. The inner three Ni(Ⅱ) ions display short Ni-N (1.886-1.906 A) bond distances, which are consistent with a squareplanar (NiN4), diamagnetic arrangement of a low-spin Ni(Ⅱ) configuration. This compound exhibits similar [Ni5(μ-tpda)4(NCS)2] magnetic behavior, indicating an anfiferromagnetic interaction of two terminal high-spin Ni(Ⅱ) ions in these complexes.

  13. Preparation and in-vitro/in-vivo characterization of trans-resveratrol nanocrystals for oral administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Sandeep K; Makadia, Vishal; Sharma, Shweta; Rashid, Mamunur; Shahi, Sudhir; Mishra, Prabhat R; Wahajuddin, Mohammed; Gayen, Jiaur R

    2017-02-13

    Trans -resveratrol (t-RES) is a natural polyphenolic compound with extensive therapeutic activities; however, its clinical application is circumscribed due to its poor solubility and low bioavailability. The purpose of this study was to prepare stable t-RES nanocrystals (t-RES-NCs) with different stabilizers to improve its oral bioavailability. t-RES-NCs were fabricated by the probe sonication method and optimized by particles size, poly dispersive index and zeta potential. The pharmaceutical characterization of t-RES-NCs was further performed systematically. The in vitro cellular efficacy and in vivo pharmacokinetics of t-RES-NCs were also evaluated. The optimized NCs were successfully accomplished in a sub-micron particle size (110.28 ± 12.55 nm) with high ζ-potential (-32.96 ± 3.85 mV) value. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image indicated that morphology of t-RES-NCs was regular and rod like in shape. Meanwhile, the result of in vitro cellular efficacy against MDA-MB-231 cells revealed that developed t-RES-NCs were more efficacious and potent (p < 0.05) than plain t-RES. Compared to plain t-RES, t-RES-NCs exhibited significant increase (p < 0.05) in AUC0-t (3.5-folds) and C max (2.2-folds), demonstrating improved oral bioavailability of t-RES after grafting as NCs. The significant increase in oral bioavailability of developed t-RES-NCs represents an ideal vehicle for oral delivery of t-RES which ultimately reflected the clinical efficacy of t-RES.

  14. Preschool Children (Ages 2 to 4 Years) - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    The preschool years are characterized as a time of increasing autonomy, expanding language skills, increasing ability to control behavior, and broadening social circumstances, such as attending preschool or staying with friends or relatives.

  15. Synthesis and Structure of an Interlock Network Frame of Cobalt( Ⅱ ) Coordination Polymer {[Co(azpy)2(NCS)2] · 1/4EtOH · 1/2H2O}n (azpy = 4,4' -Azobispyridine)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A compound {[Co(azpy)2(NCS)2]·1/4EtOH·1/2H2O}n(1), where azpy=4,4'- azo-bispyridine, was synthesized and characterized by means of IR, TGA-DTA, magnetic susceptibility and X-ray single crystal diffraction. It consists of two independent sets of fully interlocked two-dimensional networks with the dihedral angle 61. 7°, organized in parallel stacks of the sheets which are made of edge-shared [Co(Ⅱ)]4 squares separated by 0. 906 2 nm, and defined size rhombic channels. The thermal gravimetric analysis indicates that the framework is stable up to 198 C. The variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements indicated that there is a weak antiferromagnetic interaction between the cobalt(Ⅱ) ions in the complex (1).

  16. Synthesis, Structure and Quantum Chemistry of Scorpionates Oxovanadium Compleses: Tp*VO(OOCHCCHCOOCH3)(pz*H) and Tp*VO(DMSO)(NCS)%蝎型钒氧配合物Tp*VO(OOCHCCHCOOCH3)(pz*H)和Tp*VO(DMSO)(NCS)的合成、结构及量子化学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏东明; 董斌; 李章鹏; 白凤英; 曹运珠; 邢永恒; 蒲志凤; 葛茂发

    2011-01-01

    Two new half-sandwich monomeric complexes of oxovanadium (Ⅳ), Tp*VO(OOCHCCHCOOCH3)(pz*H)(1) and Tp*VO(DMSO)(NCS) (2) (Tp* =hydrotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)borate, pz*H=3,5-dimethylpyrazole) have been synthesized from the reaction of VOSO4·nH2O with respective ligands.The complexes were characterized by element analysis, IR spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction.The electronic structure and the bonding characters of the two complexes were analyzed with ab initio calculations.The calculations results showed that the structural stability of complexes 1 and 2 are close.The atomic net charge distribution in the molecular system indicates obvious covalent interaction between the coordinated atoms (N, O) and vanadium.The results are consistent with the structural analysis of complexes.%本文在室温条件下,甲醇体系中,设计并首次合成了2种蝎型半夹心钒氧配合物Tp*VO(OOCHCCHCOOCH3)(pz*H)(1)和Tp*VO(DMSO)(NCS)(2)(Tp*=三聚3,5-二甲基吡唑硼酸根),通过元素分析、红外光谱对配合物进行了表征,利用X-射线单晶衍射方法对晶体结构进行了测定,并结合从头计算结果进一步分析了配合物的稳定性及分子中配键的共价特征.分析结果表明,配合物1和2的稳定性相近,且中心钒原子周围的价键类型都属于共价键范畴,键序分析结果与晶体结构测定的键长结果是一致的.

  17. Cav1.3 channels control D2-autoreceptor responses via NCS-1 in substantia nigra dopamine neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragicevic, Elena; Poetschke, Christina; Duda, Johanna; Schlaudraff, Falk; Lammel, Stephan; Schiemann, Julia; Fauler, Michael; Hetzel, Andrea; Watanabe, Masahiko; Lujan, Rafael; Malenka, Robert C; Striessnig, Joerg; Liss, Birgit

    2014-08-01

    tools, we identified that the expression of this sensitized D2-autoreceptor phenotype required Cav1.3 L-type Ca(2+) channel activity, internal Ca(2+), and the interaction of the neuronal calcium sensor NCS-1 with D2-autoreceptors. Thus, we identified a first physiological function of Cav1.3 L-type Ca(2+) channels in SN DA neurons for homeostatic modulation of their D2-autoreceptor responses. L-type Ca(2+) channel activity however, was not important for pacemaker activity of mouse SN DA neurons. Furthermore, we detected elevated substantia nigra dopamine messenger RNA levels of NCS-1 (but not Cav1.2 or Cav1.3) after cocaine in mice, as well as in remaining human SN DA neurons in Parkinson's disease. Thus, our findings provide a novel homeostatic functional link in SN DA neurons between Cav1.3- L-type-Ca(2+) channels and D2-autoreceptor activity, controlled by NCS-1, and indicate that this adaptive signalling network (Cav1.3/NCS-1/D2/GIRK2) is also active in human SN DA neurons, and contributes to Parkinson's disease pathology. As it is accessible to pharmacological modulation, it provides a novel promising target for tuning substantia nigra dopamine neuron activity, and their vulnerability to degeneration.

  18. Hydrological characterization of the Usumacinta River Basin towards the preservation of environmental services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapia-Silva, F.-O.; Contreras-Silva, A.-I.; Rosales-Arriaga, E.-R.

    2015-04-01

    The Usumacinta basin is characterized by aboundance of natural and scenic resources. It also houses a vast biodiversity (wich also means invaluable genetic resources). Its river is the longest in Mexico (main channel length of 927 km). Therefore it is one of the most productive regions of the country in terms of ecosystem services (such as habitat for biodiversity, maintenance of wetlands, water flows generation, carbon sequestration, soil retention, etc.) that are directly related to the hydrological functioning. During the last centuries, human activities on the Usumacinta basin have drastically changed its geomorphology and vegetation cover. As a result the hydrological cycle has been greatly modified. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct studies in order to support planning activities and implementation of public policies, as well as, to generate a permanent scientific ecosystem monitoring system. This paper presents the results of a study focused on estimating the water balance of this frontier basin. Satellite and field data is used. Variables as vegetation cover (generated by classification of Landsat and MODIS), digital terrain model (SRTM), surface temperature (MODIS), potential evaporation, precipitation and runoff measurements were processed. Various techniques of Remote Sensing, geospatial models (as SSEB and the model for definition of surface hydrological connectivity) and spatial analysis (geostatistics and map algebra) were implemented. The results were integrated into the environment of a Geographic Information System. These are estimates of actual evapotranspiration, soil moisture and runoff, among other biophysical parameters. For the lower part of the basin a balance was performed to estimate inputs of water from runoff and precipitation to the large amount of wetlands in the area. Additionally, areas generating runoff and areas in which most of the precipitaion infiltrates were also mapped. The geo-information obtained is requiered for

  19. Diagnostic characterization of services providing care to victims of accidents and violence in five Brazilian state capitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Ferreira Deslandes

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article characterizes the services providing care to victims in five Brazilian regions with high violence and accident rates. It analyzes care activities and strategies, the profile of the teams, the conditions of installations, equipment and supplies, integrated care and registration services and the opinion of health managers with respect to the needs and requirements for a better care to the victims. The sample is composed by 103 services: 34 from Recife, 25 from Rio de Janeiro, 18 from Manaus, 18 from Curitiba and 8 from Brasília. The still preliminary results indicate: lower number of services focusing on the elderly; scarce investment in preventive actions; the principal actions carried out are social assistance, ambulatory and hospital care and psychological assistance; patients received from Basic Health Units require attention of the communities and families; need for investment in capacity building programs for professionals; precarious registries, data handled manually. The wording of the National Policy for Reduction of Morbidity and Mortality from Accidents and Violence is not well-known and there is a lack of articulation among and inside sectors and between prehospital and emergency care services. Rehabilitation services are insufficient in all cities.

  20. Growth and characterization of well-aligned densely-packed rutile TiO(2) nanocrystals on sapphire substrates via metal-organic chemical vapor deposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C A; Chen, Y M; Korotcov, A; Huang, Y S; Tsai, D S; Tiong, K K

    2008-02-20

    Well-aligned densely-packed rutile TiO(2) nanocrystals (NCs) have been grown on sapphire (SA) (100) and (012) substrates via metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD), using titanium-tetraisopropoxide (TTIP, Ti(OC(3)H(7))(4)) as a source reagent. The surface morphology as well as structural and spectroscopic properties of the as-deposited NCs were characterized using field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected-area electron diffractometry (SAED), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. FESEM micrographs reveal that vertically aligned NCs were grown on SA(100), whereas the NCs on the SA(012) were grown with a tilt angle of ∼33° from the normal to substrates. TEM and SAED measurements showed that the TiO(2) NCs on SA(100) with square cross section have their long axis directed along the [001] direction. The XRD results reveal TiO(2) NCs with either (002) orientation on SA(100) substrate or (101) orientation on SA(012) substrate. A strong substrate effect on the alignment of the growth of TiO(2) NCs has been demonstrated and the probable mechanism for the formation of these NCs has been discussed.

  1. Characterizing and mitigating the DDoS-as-a-Service phenomenon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Santanna, José Jair; Sperotto, Anna; Sperotto, Anna; Doyen, Guillaume; Latré, Steven; Charalambides, Marinos; Stiller, Burkhard

    2014-01-01

    Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are an increasing threat on the Internet. Until a few years ago, these types of attacks were only launched by people with advanced knowledge of computer networks. However, nowadays the ability to launch attacks have been offered as a service to everyone,

  2. Lifetime Prevalence of Mental Disorders in U.S. Adolescents: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merikangas, Kathleen Ries; He, Jian-ping; Burstein, Marcy; Swanson, Sonja A.; Avenevoli, Shelli; Cui, Lihong; Benjet, Corina; Georgiades, Katholiki; Swendsen, Joel

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To present estimates of the lifetime prevalence of "DSM-IV" mental disorders with and without severe impairment, their comorbidity across broad classes of disorder, and their sociodemographic correlates. Method: The National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent Supplement NCS-A is a nationally representative face-to-face survey of…

  3. A Web Service and Interface for Remote Electronic Device Characterization (PREPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    the WWW interface. User WWW Server Keithley 2602 Nanotube, graphene or Intel CMOS erver GPIB it l 1 Nanotube, graphene or Si MOSFET Electrical...Educational technology, engineering education, MOSFETs , online services, transistors The authors are...and metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors ( MOSFETs ). Theoretical studies alone cannot provide students with a complete understanding

  4. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for Department of Health and Human Services – ASPR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Steve [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-06-01

    This report focuses on the Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of PEVs into the agency’s fleet. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively referred to as PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  5. Effects of NCS-382 on hypnosis and analgesia of propofol, ketamine and etomidate in mice%NCS-382对丙泊酚、氯胺酮和依托咪酯催眠镇痛作用的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋苏沛; 王雷; 廖艺聪; 刘晶晶; 张明阳; 周美艳; 周慧轩; 唐然; 戴体俊

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨γ-羟基丁酸受体拮抗剂NCS-382对丙泊酚、氯胺酮和依托咪酯催眠及镇痛作用的影响.方法 ①催醒实验:120只小鼠分别ip给予丙泊酚200 mg·kg、氯胺酮150 mg·kg和依托咪酯40mg·kg制备催眠模型后,再按分组分别icv给予人工脑脊液(aCSF),NCS-382 1,5和25μg·kg,记录睡眠时间.②热板实验:80只小鼠分别ip给予生理盐水10 ml·kg和氯胺酮40mg·kg后,再按分组分别ith给予acsF和Ncs-382 1,5和25μg·kg,记录热板法痛阈.③扭体实验:80只小鼠分别ip给予生理盐水10ml·kg和氯胺酮40 mg·kg后,再按分组分别ith给予aCsF和NCS-382 1,5和25μg·kg,1min后ip给予1.0%冰醋酸溶液10 ml·kg,记录15 min内小鼠扭体次数.结果 ①催醒实验:NS-382 1,5和25μg·kg组小鼠的睡眠时间明显缩短,从丙泊酚组的(81±30)min缩短到44±23,40±21,(40±17)min;从氟胺酮组的(19±4)min缩短到8±4,12±3,(15±4)min;从依托咪酯组的(31±11)min缩短到21±9,22±6,(23±10)min;②热板实验:小鼠在给予氯胺酮麻醉后10~30 min痛阈明显长于基础痛阈(P<0.05),NCS-382对氯胺酮所致痛阈延长无改善作用.单用NCS-382对正常小鼠的痛阈无影响;③扭体实验:单用NCS-382对正常小鼠的扭体次数无明显差异;氯胺酮组小鼠扭体次数明显少于正常对照组(P<0.05),给予NCS-382对此无改善作用.结论 γ-羟基丁酸受体可能介导了静脉麻醉药丙泊酚、氯胺酮和依托咪酯的催眠作用,但可能与氯胺酮镇痛作用关系不大.%OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of NCS-382 on hypnosis and analgesia of propofol, ketamine and etomidate in mice. METHODS ① Analeptic test: a total of 120 mice were ip given propofol 200 mg·kg -1 , ketamine 150 mg·kg -1 and etomidate 40 mg·kg -1 to establish a hypnosis model, respectively. Then, the mice were icv given aCSF and NCS-382 1, 5 and 25 μg· kg-1, respectively, and sleeping time was recorded. ② Hot-plate test: a total of 80 mice were

  6. Handling packet dropouts and random delays for unstable delayed processes in NCS by optimal tuning of PIλDμ controllers with evolutionary algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Indranil; Das, Saptarshi; Gupta, Amitava

    2011-10-01

    The issues of stochastically varying network delays and packet dropouts in Networked Control System (NCS) applications have been simultaneously addressed by time domain optimal tuning of fractional order (FO) PID controllers. Different variants of evolutionary algorithms are used for the tuning process and their performances are compared. Also the effectiveness of the fractional order PI(λ)D(μ) controllers over their integer order counterparts is looked into. Two standard test bench plants with time delay and unstable poles which are encountered in process control applications are tuned with the proposed method to establish the validity of the tuning methodology. The proposed tuning methodology is independent of the specific choice of plant and is also applicable for less complicated systems. Thus it is useful in a wide variety of scenarios. The paper also shows the superiority of FOPID controllers over their conventional PID counterparts for NCS applications.

  7. Characterization of User-Perceived Quality of Service (QOS in Mobile Devices Using Network Pairwise Comparisons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E. Otero

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a user-centric and application-specific QoS assessment methodology for cellularcommunication networks. Specifically, it uses the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP to evaluate QoS as amulti-criteria decision problem that represents how well cellular networks’ data services are perceivedgiven particular sets of application classes and relative to other networks servicing in the same area. Aspart of the methodology, drive testing is performed to collect objective measurements associated withidentified QoS criteria for data services. Once drive testing is performed and data collected, multiplenetworks are compared to determine the network that provides higher QoS based on users’ perception ofquality. The selection of the best performing network is based on the output provided by the AHPapproach, which is used as unified measurement of the perceived QoS by users on different networks. Inorder to determine application-specific priorities, the approach presented uses three different applicationclasses, including Emergency, Business, and Personal. For each class, the relative importance of eachquality evaluation criteria is adjusted in the AHP procedure to reflect the priorities of the servicesexpected. Through several case studies, the approach is proven successful in providing a way foranalyzing user-centric QoS for application-specific scenarios.

  8. Locking-to-unlocking system is an efficient strategy to design DNA/silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) probe for human miRNAs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shah, Pratik; Choi, Suk Won; Kim, Ho-jin;

    2016-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNA molecules, are important biomarkers for research and medical purposes. Here, we describe the development of a fast and simple method using highly fluorescent oligonucleotide-silver nanocluster probes (DNA/AgNCs) to efficiently detect specific miRNAs. Due t...... detect a number of cancer related miRNAs in RNA extracts from human cancer cell lines....

  9. Enantiomeric separation of D,L-tryptophan and D,L-kynurenine by HPLC using pre-column fluorescence derivatization with R(-)-DBD-PyNCS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iizuka, Hideaki; Hirasa, Yasushi; Kubo, Kazumi; Ishii, Kana; Toyo'oka, Toshimasa; Fukushima, Takeshi

    2011-07-01

    The enantiomeric separation of D,L-tryptophan (Trp) and D,L-kynurenine (KYN) was investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography using pre-column fluorescence derivatization with a chiral fluorescent labeling reagent, R(-)-4-(3-isothiocyanatopyrrolidin-1-yl)-7- (N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole [R(-)-DBD-PyNCS]. Using an octadecylsilica column, namely, an Inertsil ODS-3 column (250 x 2.0 mm; i.d., 3 μm), four fluorescence peaks of D- and L-Trp as well as D- and L-KYN derivatized with R(-)-DBD-PyNCS were clearly observed, and their chemical structures were confirmed by HPLC-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry. Simultaneous separation was achieved under the mobile phase condition of 1.5% acetic acid in H₂O-CH₃CN (60:40), and the separation factors of D,L-Trp and D,L-KYN derivatized with R(-)-DBD-PyNCS were 1.22 and 1.19, respectively. Fluorescence detection was carried out by setting the emission wavelength at 565 nm, and the excitation wavelength at 440 nm, and the detection limits were approximately 0.3-0.5 pmol (signal-to-noise ratio of 3).

  10. Portraying innovation in the public service of Brazil: Frameworks, systematization and characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos de Moraes Sousa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Innovation is essential for improving organizational performance in both the private and public sectors. This article describes and analyzes the 323 innovation experiences of the Brazilian federal public service that received prizes during the 16 annual competitions (from 1995 to 2012 of the Award for Innovation in Federal Public Management held by the Brazilian National School of Public Administration (ENAP. It is a qualitative and quantitative study in which were employed as categories for analysis the four types of innovation defined in the Copenhagen Manual: product, process, organizational and communication. The survey results allow us to affirm that there is innovation in the public sector, in spite of the skepticism of some researchers and the incipient state of theoretical research on the subject. It was possible to observe that organizational innovation was the one with the highest number of award- -winning experience, followed respectively by process, communication and product innovation, with citizen services and improvement of work processes being the main highlights. The results showed that, although the high incidence of innovation occurs at the national level, a significant number of innovations also occur at the local level, probably because many organizations of the federal government have their actions spread only at this level of government. Concerning the innovative area, health and education predominate, with almost 33% of initiatives, which can be explained by capillarity of these areas and the fact that both maintain a strong interaction with the user. The contributions of this work include the use of theoretical model of innovation analysis in the public sector in Brazil still upcoming, and the systematization of knowledge in empirical basis for this innovation. In this sense, it also contributes to the development of the theory with the presentation of evidence that the characteristics, determinants and

  11. Characterization and Application of DNA-templated Silver Nanoclusters and Polarized Spectroscopy of Self-Assembled Nanostructures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carro-Temboury, Miguel R.

    of the DNA-AgNCs before and after reduction. Two reduced samples of IR-AgNCs were measured, a sample purified by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and a non-purified sample. The samples were characterized spectroscopically to support the EXAFS measurements. C24-AgNCs samples were prepared...... for single-molecule spectral, time-resolved and polarization studies that contributed to the knowledge on this sequence. Purified IR-AgNCs were prepared and 2 Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopy (2DES) was performed by our collaborators at the University of Lund. Self-assembled nanostructures are interesting...... due to their reduced cost, high achievable degree of supramolecular order, and potential application in molecular electronics. The degree of order is related to the performance of molecular devices. Ionic Self-Assembled (ISA) materials formed by surfactant chains and azo-dyes featuring long range...

  12. CHARACTERIZATION OF VICTIMS ATTENDED BY MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENT SERVICE PRE-HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nalu Rodrigues Felix

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This isa descriptive studywith a quantitative approach, aiming to characterize the profileof victims ofmotorcycle accidents attended by the Fire Departmentat Sinop-MT. Thepopulation consisted of473vítimas. Data analysiswas performed usingdescriptive statistics.The survey resultsrevealed thatmost victimsofmotorcycle accidentswere male(61.3% aged15 to 35 years, beingthe maindriver of themotorcyclevictimattendedby professionals from thefire departmentandbody regioninjuries weremost affectedbytheupper and lower limbsrepresenting78.4%. Given our resultshas beenthe expectationthat thisstudy willdraw attention tothe high rates ofvictimsof traffic accidentsinvolving motorcyclesat Sinop-MT, which are having theirlives cut shortorimpairedtheir quality.

  13. In-service performance and behavior characterization of the hybrid composite bridge system - a case study

    CERN Document Server

    Civitillo, John M; Gheitasi, Amir; Saliba, Mark; Kassner, Bernard L

    2014-01-01

    The Hybrid Composite Beam (HCB) system is an innovative structural technology that has been recently used in bridge construction within the U.S. transportation network. In this system, the superstructure consists of a conventional reinforced concrete deck supported by Hybrid Composite Beams. Each beam is comprised of a glassfiber reinforced polymer (FRP) box shell containing a tied parabolic concrete arch. Inclined stirrups provide shear integrity and enforce composite action between the HCBs and the concrete deck. This paper focuses on evaluating the in-service performance of a newly constructed HCB bridge superstructure located on Route 205 in Colonial Beach, Virginia. A live load test was conducted using tandem axle dump trucks under both quasi-static and dynamic conditions. Results obtained from the experimental investigation were used to determine three key behavior characteristics. Dynamic amplification and lateral load distribution were found to be reasonable in comparison to the assumed design values....

  14. Characterizing changes in ecosystem service values in China's eastern Loess Plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JinChang Li; HaiXia Liu; ZhiZhu Su; Yong Liu; YongGang Yang

    2015-01-01

    Human activities such as the implementation of ecological protection projects and expansion of construction land can cause complex land use changes that affect ecosystem service values (ESV). In this study, we investigated changes in ESV in response to land use changes in Ningwu County, in eastern Loess Plateau of China. Our aim is to provide guidance for sustainable land use planning in this region. We used remote sensing to evaluate land use changes, and applied a fast, proxy-based method for evaluating ESV at three points in time:1990, 2000, and 2010. More than 89%of the total ESV in Ningwu County was attributable to woodland and grassland. The ESV in western mountain areas show the greatest increase from 1990 to 2010, but ESV decreased the most in the low-elevation northeastern area of flat terrain. These tradeoffs led to a slight net decrease (1.0%) in Ningwu County's total ESV. Although the decline in ESV was relatively low compared to the rate of economic growth, total ESV was much lower than global and national average levels at the end of the study period.

  15. Identification and physicochemical characterization of bacterial surface isolated from catering services in health establishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadija Azelmad

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The initial interaction between microorganisms and substrata is mediated by physicochemical forces, which originate from the physicochemical surface properties of both interacting surfaces. In this context, we have determined the physicochemical proprieties (hydrophobicity, electron-donor and electron-acceptor of 37 isolates belonging to three genres of bacteria: Pseudomonas spp., Staphylococcus spp. and some species of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from various surfaces of the equipment and materials used in health establishment catering services. The physicochemical properties of these isolates were determined by contact angles measurements via Sessile Drop Technique. The results revealed that 62% of all bacteria studied exhibit a hydrophilic character (ΔGiwi >0 and other strains have a hydrophobic character (ΔGiwi <0. Also the results show that all strains have a high electron donor character (high γ- (ranging from 22.8 mJ.m-2 to 105.4 mJ.m-2. Forty one percent of these strains have a high electron acceptor (γ+ (ranging from 14.7 mJ.m-2 to 34.6 mJ.m-2 and the others express a low electron acceptor character.

  16. Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a Dinuclear Cu(II) Complex [Cu(C12H17N2O)(NCS)]2 with Tridentate Schiff Base Ligand N(Salicylidene)-3-dimethylaminopropylamine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Hong; FENG Yun-Long

    2005-01-01

    A new dinuclear copper(II) complex (Cu(C12H17N2O)(NCS)2, C26H34Cu2N6O2S2) has been synthesized and characterized by X-ray structure determination. It crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P with a = 11.289(2), b = 12.071(2), c = 12.113(2) (A), α = 72.90(3), β = 83.76(3), γ = 65.60(3)°, V = 1436.7(5) (A)3, Z = 2, Mr = 653.79, F(000) = 676, Dc = 1.511 g/cm3, μ(MoKα) = 1.660 mm(1, the final R = 0.0334 and wR = 0.0856 for 5047 observed reflections (I > 2σ(I)). The asymmetric unit comprises two half-molecules. The complex is a centrosymmetric dimmer in which each copper(II) is coordinated in the equatorial plane to the N-(salicylidene)-3dimethylaminopropylamine ligand through the deprotonated phenolic oxygen atom as well as the nitrogen atoms of imine and amine. The fourth coordination site is occupied by the nitrogen atom of NCSˉ, while the axial one by the symmetrically related phenoxy oxygen of the other monomeric unit. The Cu(II)...Cu(II) average distance is 3.110(1) (A).

  17. The combination of benzamides/NCS as nitrogen/halogen sources for aminohalogenation of β-nitrostyrenes resulting in dichlorinated haloamides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The combination of benzamide and NCS was found to be an efficient nitrogen/halogen source for aminohalogenation of β-nitrostyrenes.The reaction was convenient to carry out by using 4-dimethylaminopyridine as the catalyst,resulting in vicinal dichlorinated haloamino nitroalkanes with opposite regiochemistry to that generated from other electron-deficient olefins observed previously.The reaction proceeded smoothly at room temperature with good yields and excellent regioselectivities.A mechanism involving a chloronium intermediate was proposed to explain the resulting regiochemistry.The current system explored a new type of nitrogen sources for aminohalogenation of functionalized olefins.

  18. Relationship between effective mass and superconducting critical temperature in the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caulfield, J. [Physics Dept., Univ. of Oxford, Clarendon Lab. (United Kingdom); Lubczynski, W. [Physics Dept., Univ. of Oxford, Clarendon Lab. (United Kingdom); Lee, W. [School of Physics and Materials, Lancaster Univ. (United Kingdom); Singleton, J. [Physics Dept., Univ. of Oxford, Clarendon Lab. (United Kingdom); Pratt, F.L. [Physics Dept., Univ. of Oxford, Clarendon Lab. (United Kingdom); Hayes, W. [Physics Dept., Univ. of Oxford, Clarendon Lab. (United Kingdom); Kurmoo, M. [Royal Institution, London (United Kingdom); Day, P. [Royal Institution, London (United Kingdom)

    1995-03-15

    We report high pressure magnetotransport on the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2}. The observation of Shubnikov-de Haas and magnetic breakdown oscillations has allowed the pressure dependences of the Fermi surface topology and quasiparticle effective masses to be deduced and compared with simultaneous measurements of the superconducting critical temperature T{sub c}. The data strongly suggest that the enhancement of the effective mass and the superconducting behaviour are directly connected. The results are fitted by calculations of the linearised Eliashberg equations. (orig.)

  19. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Golden Gate National Recreation Area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

    2014-03-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (ITSNA) to collect data on federal fleet operations as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity's Federal Fleet Vehicle Data Logging and Characterization study. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity study seeks to collect data to validate the utilization of advanced electric drive vehicle transportation. This report focuses on the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies' fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements. GGNRA identified 182 vehicles in its fleet, which are under the management of the U.S. General Services Administration. Fleet vehicle mission categories are defined in Section 4, and while the GGNRA vehicles conduct many different missions, only two (i.e., support and law enforcement missions) were selected by agency management to be part of this fleet evaluation. The selected vehicles included sedans, trucks, and sport-utility vehicles. This report will show that battery electric vehicles and/or PHEVs are capable of performing the required missions and providing an alternative vehicle for support vehicles and PHEVs provide the same for law enforcement, because each has a sufficient range for individual trips and time is available each day for charging to accommodate multiple trips per day. These

  20. Current and future industrial energy service characterizations. Volume III. Energy data on 15 selected states' manufacturing subsector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

    1980-11-01

    An examination is made of the current and future energy demands, and uses, and cost to characterize typical applications and resulting services in the US and industrial sectors of 15 selected states. Volume III presents tables containing data on selected states' manufacturing subsector energy consumption, functional uses, and cost in 1974 and 1976. Alabama, California, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin were chosen as having the greatest potential for replacing conventional fuel with solar energy. Basic data on the quantities, cost, and types of fuel and electric energy purchased by industr for heat and power were obtained from the 1974 and 1976 Annual Survey of Manufacturers. The specific indutrial energy servic cracteristics developed for each selected state include. 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electricity consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuel consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector average cost of purchsed fuels and electricity per million Btu by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electric energy intensity by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); manufacturing subsector average annual growth rates of (1) fuels and electricity consumption, (2) fuels and electric energy intensity, and (3) average cost of purchased fuels and electricity (1974 to 1976). Data are compiled on purchased fuels, distillate fuel oil, residual ful oil, coal, coal, and breeze, and natural gas. (MCW)

  1. Structure-function relationship of a plant NCS1 member - Homology modeling and mutagenesis identified residues critical for substrate specificity of PLUTO, a nucleobase transporter from arabidopsis

    KAUST Repository

    Witz, Sandra

    2014-03-12

    Plastidic uracil salvage is essential for plant growth and development. So far, PLUTO, the plastidic nucleobase transporter from Arabidopsis thaliana is the only known uracil importer at the inner plastidic membrane which represents the permeability barrier of this organelle. We present the first homology model of PLUTO, the sole plant NCS1 member from Arabidopsis based on the crystal structure of the benzyl hydantoin transporter MHP1 from Microbacterium liquefaciens and validated by molecular dynamics simulations. Polar side chains of residues Glu-227 and backbones of Val-145, Gly-147 and Thr-425 are proposed to form the binding site for the three PLUTO substrates uracil, adenine and guanine. Mutational analysis and competition studies identified Glu-227 as an important residue for uracil and to a lesser extent for guanine transport. A differential response in substrate transport was apparent with PLUTO double mutants E227Q G147Q and E227Q T425A, both of which most strongly affected adenine transport, and in V145A G147Q, which markedly affected guanine transport. These differences could be explained by docking studies, showing that uracil and guanine exhibit a similar binding mode whereas adenine binds deep into the catalytic pocket of PLUTO. Furthermore, competition studies confirmed these results. The present study defines the molecular determinants for PLUTO substrate binding and demonstrates key differences in structure-function relations between PLUTO and other NCS1 family members. 2014 Witz et al.

  2. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Fort Vancouver National Historic Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

    2014-03-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (ITSNA) to collect data on federal fleet operations as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity’s Federal Fleet Vehicle Data Logging and Characterization study. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity study seeks to collect data to validate the use of advanced electric drive vehicle transportation. This report focuses on the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site (FVNHS) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) into the agencies’ fleet. Individual observations of the selected vehicles provided the basis for recommendations related to EV adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles) could fulfill the mission requirements. FVNHS identified three vehicles in its fleet for consideration. While the FVNHS vehicles conduct many different missions, only two (i.e., support and pool missions) were selected by agency management to be part of this fleet evaluation. The logged vehicles included a pickup truck and a minivan. This report will show that BEVs and PHEVs are capable of performing the required missions and providing an alternative vehicle for both mission categories, because each has sufficient range for individual trips and time available each day for charging to accommodate multiple trips per day. These charging events could occur at the vehicle’s home base, high-use work areas, or in intermediate areas along routes that the vehicles frequently travel. Replacement of vehicles in the current fleet would result in

  3. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate Services Portal: A New Centralized Resource for Distributed Climate Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burroughs, J.; Baldwin, R.; Herring, D.; Lott, N.; Boyd, J.; Handel, S.; Niepold, F.; Shea, E.

    2010-09-01

    With the rapid rise in the development of Web technologies and climate services across NOAA, there has been an increasing need for greater collaboration regarding NOAA's online climate services. The drivers include the need to enhance NOAA's Web presence in response to customer requirements, emerging needs for improved decision-making capabilities across all sectors of society facing impacts from climate variability and change, and the importance of leveraging climate data and services to support research and public education. To address these needs, NOAA (during fiscal year 2009) embarked upon an ambitious program to develop a NOAA Climate Services Portal (NCS Portal). Four NOAA offices are leading the effort: 1) the NOAA Climate Program Office (CPO), 2) the National Ocean Service's Coastal Services Center (CSC), 3) the National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center (CPC), and 4) the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service's (NESDIS) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). Other offices and programs are also contributing in many ways to the effort. A prototype NCS Portal is being placed online for public access in January 2010, http://www.climate.gov. This website only scratches the surface of the many climate services across NOAA, but this effort, via direct user engagement, will gradually expand the scope and breadth of the NCS Portal to greatly enhance the accessibility and usefulness of NOAA's climate data and services.

  4. Determination of l-tryptophan and l-kynurenine in Human Serum by using LC-MS after Derivatization with (R)-DBD-PyNCS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohashi, Hayato; Iizuka, Hideaki; Yoshihara, Shunsuke; Otani, Hayato; Kume, Misato; Sadamoto, Kiyomi; Ichiba, Hideaki; Fukushima, Takeshi

    2013-01-01

    Concentrations of l-tryptophan (l-Trp) and its metabolite, l-kynurenine (l-KYN), in sera of 19 normal subjects (age: 23.6 ± 3.5 y, male: 8, female: 11) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with mass-spectrometric detection, following their derivatization with (R)-(-)-4-(N, N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-7-(3-isothiocyanatopyrrolidin-1-yl)-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (DBD-PyNCS). A significant positive correlation between l-Trp and l-KYN concentrations was observed (r = 0.532, P < 0.05). Serum l-Trp concentration in male subjects (95.65 ± 4.27 μM) was significantly higher than that in female subjects (79.20 ± 3.34 μM; P < 0.05), while no significant differences in l-KYN concentration or the l-KYN:l-Trp ratio were observed between male and female subjects.

  5. Spin-crossover in a trans-[FeL2(NCS)2] family (L = triaryltriazole): remote substituent effects on spin transition modes and temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Guo-Ping; Qi, Li; Wang, Lei; Xu, Yan; Jiang, Jing-Jing; Zhu, Dunru; Liu, Xiao-Qin; You, Xiaozeng

    2013-07-28

    We report the syntheses, characterisations, and spin-crossover behaviours of four mononuclear trans-[Fe(L1-L4)2(NCS)2] complexes (L = 4-(p-R1-phenyl)-3,5-bis(2-pyridyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole and 4-(p-methylphenyl)-3-(p-R2-phenyl)-5-(2-pyridyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole, (1) R1 = Cl (L1); (2) R1 = Me (L2); (3) R2 = MeO (L3); (4) R2 = F (L4)). The X-ray single crystal structural analysis reveals that 1 and 2 crystallize in the triclinic space group P1, whereas 3·0.5H2O and 4 crystallize in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c, and all complexes possess a similar distorted [FeN6] octahedron with two trans-positions NCS(-) anions. Changing of the distal substituent on the phenyl ring of the triaryltriazoles causes differences in the crystal packing of the complexes that are key to their magnetic properties. Magnetic measurements indicate that 1 shows an abrupt transition with T(1/2) = 235 K, 2 displays a 3 K hysteresis loop with T(1/2)(↓) = 217 K and T(1/2)(↑) = 220 K, 3 exhibits a gradual spin transition with T(1/2) = 156 K and 4 undergoes an incomplete (70%) spin transition with T(1/2) = 97 K. The substituted group effects and intermolecular interactions appear to be critical to spin transition modes and temperature in this family.

  6. Statement of Work (SOW) for services provided by the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility for the Effluent and Environmental Monitoring Program during calendar year 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GLECKLER, B.P.

    1998-10-22

    This document defines the services the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility (WSCF) shall provide the Effluent and Environmental Monitoring Program (EEM) throughout the calendar year for analysis. The purpose of the EEM Program is to monitor liquid and gaseous effluents, and the environment immediately around the facilities which may contain radioactive and hazardous materials. Monitoring data are collected, evaluated, and reported to determine their degree of compliance with applicable federal and state regulations and permits.

  7. Characterizing high-velocity angular vestibulo-ocular reflex function in service members post-blast exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherer, Matthew R; Shelhamer, Mark J; Schubert, Michael C

    2011-02-01

    Blasts (explosions) are the most common mechanism of injury in modern warfare. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and dizziness are common sequelae associated with blasts, and many service members (SMs) report symptoms worsen with activity. The purpose of this study was to measure angular vestibulo-ocular reflex gain (aVOR) of blast-exposed SMs with TBI during head impulse testing. We also assessed their symptoms during exertion. Twenty-four SMs recovering from TBI were prospectively assigned to one of two groups based on the presence or absence of dizziness. Wireless monocular scleral search coil and rate sensor were used to characterize active and passive yaw and pitch head and eye rotations. Visual analog scale (VAS) was used to monitor symptoms during fast walking/running. For active yaw head impulses, aVOR gains were significantly lower in the symptomatic group (0.79 ± 0.15) versus asymptomatic (0.87 ± 0.18), but not for passive head rotation. For pitch head rotation, the symptomatic group had both active (0.915 ± 0.24) and passive (0.878 ± 0.22) aVOR gains lower than the asymptomatic group (active 1.03 ± 0.27, passive 0.97 ± 0.23). Some SMs had elevated aVOR gain. VAS scores for all symptoms were highest during exertion. Our data suggest symptomatic SMs with TBI as a result of blast have varied aVOR gain during high-velocity head impulses and provide compelling evidence of pathology affecting the vestibular system. Potential loci of injury in this population include the following: disruption of pathways relaying vestibular efference signals, differential destruction of type I vestibular hair cells, or selective damage to irregular afferent pathways-any of which may explain the common discrepancy between reports of vestibular-like symptoms and laboratory testing results. Significantly reduced pitch aVOR in symptomatic SMs and peak symptom severity during exertional testing support earlier findings in the chronic blast-exposed active duty SMs.

  8. The Urbis Project: Identification and Characterization of Potential Urban Development Areas as a Web-Based Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzke, Nina; Kada, Martin; Kastler, Thomas; Xu, Shaojuan; de Lange, Norbert; Ehlers, Manfred

    2016-06-01

    Urban sprawl and the related landscape fragmentation is a Europe-wide challenge in the context of sustainable urban planning. The URBan land recycling Information services for Sustainable cities (URBIS) project aims for the development, implementation, and validation of web-based information services for urban vacant land in European functional urban areas in order to provide end-users with site specific characteristics and to facilitate the identification and evaluation of potential development areas. The URBIS services are developed based on open geospatial data. In particular, the Copernicus Urban Atlas thematic layers serve as the main data source for an initial inventory of sites. In combination with remotely sensed data like SPOT5 images and ancillary datasets like OpenStreetMap, detailed site specific information is extracted. Services are defined for three main categories: i) baseline services, which comprise an initial inventory and typology of urban land, ii) update services, which provide a regular inventory update as well as an analysis of urban land use dynamics and changes, and iii) thematic services, which deliver specific information tailored to end-users' needs.

  9. Fabrication and Characterization of Hierarchically Nanostructured Porous Carbonated Hydroxyapatite Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕君英; 郭亚平

    2012-01-01

    Hierarchically nanostructured porous carbonated hydroxyapatite coatings (HNPCs) on Ti6A14V substrate were fabricated by a two-stage application route:fabrication of nacre coatings (NCs) on Ti6A14V substrate by electrophoretic technique,and conversion of NCs to HNPCs in a phosphate buffer solution (PBS) by microwave irradiation method.Their samples were characterized by using XRD,FT-IR,SEM,TEM,and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms.The results show that the microwave irradiation technique improves obviously the conversion rate of NCs to HNPCs as compared with conventional method.After soaking the NCs in the PBS,calcium ions are released from the nacre particles and react with phosphate ions to form carbonated hydroxyapatite nanoparticles.These nanoparticles aggregate to form the plate-like carbonated apatite.The mesopores with a size of about 3.9 nm and macropores with the diameters of 1~4 μm exist within and among the carbonated apatite plates,respectively.Simulated body fluid immersion tests reveal that the HNPCs have a good in vitro bioactivity.

  10. Characterization of silver/polystyrene nanocomposites prepared by in situ bulk radical polymerization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vukoje, Ivana D., E-mail: ivanav@vinca.rs [Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia); Vodnik, Vesna V., E-mail: vodves@vinca.rs [Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia); Džunuzović, Jasna V., E-mail: jasnav2002@googlemail.com [Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy (ICTM)-Center of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade (Serbia); Džunuzović, Enis S., E-mail: edzunuzovic@tmf.bg.ac.rs [Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Karnegijeva 4, 11120 Belgrade (Serbia); Marinović-Cincović, Milena T., E-mail: milena@vinca.rs [Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia); Jeremić, Katarina, E-mail: kjeremic@tmf.bg.ac.rs [Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Karnegijeva 4, 11120 Belgrade (Serbia); Nedeljković, Jovan M., E-mail: jovned@vinca.rs [Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Synthesis and characterization of polystyrene nanocomposites based on Ag nanoparticles. • The glass transition temperature decreased in nanocomposites with respect to the pure polymer. • Resistance of the polymer to thermal degradation enhanced with Ag nanoparticles content. - Abstract: Nanocomposites (NCs) with different content of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) embeded in polystyrene (PS) matrix were prepared by in situ bulk radical polymerization. The nearly monodisperse Ag NPs protected with oleylamine were synthesized via organic solvo-thermal method and further used as a filler. The as-prepared spherical Ag NPs with diameter of 7.0 ± 1.5 nm were well dispersed in the PS matrix. The structural properties of the resulting Ag/PS NCs were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, while optical properties were characterized using optical absorption measurements. The gel permeation chromatography (GPC) measurements showed that the presence of Ag NPs stabilized with oleylamine has no influence on the molecular weight and polydispersity of the PS matrix. The influence of silver content on the thermal properties of Ag/PS NCs was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results indicated that resistance of PS to thermal degradation was improved upon incorporation of Ag NPs. The Ag/PS NCs have lower glass transition temperatures than neat PS because loosely packed oleylamine molecules at the interface caused the increase of free volume and chain segments mobility near the surface of Ag NPs.

  11. Reliability and storage capacity: a compromise illustrated in the two-step spin-crossover system [Fe(bapbpy)(NCS)(2)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kepenekian, Mikael; Costa, José Sánchez; Le Guennic, Boris; Maldivi, Pascale; Bonnet, Sylvestre; Reedijk, Jan; Gamez, Patrick; Robert, Vincent

    2010-12-06

    The design of bistable magnetic systems should enable the storage of information by manipulation of the spin degrees of freedom. However, such a strategy relies on the preparation of target objects, whose environment must be controlled to favor a hysteretic behavior. Here, we report the successful modeling of a highly cooperative two-step spin-crossover iron(II) compound, [Fe(bapbpy)(NCS)(2)]. The magnetic susceptibility measurements and low- and high-temperature hysteretic cycles reflect the presence of an intermediate phase, which controls the memory-storage capacity of this material. It is shown that the hysteresis loop widths can be traced theoretically by evaluating the electrostatic contributions between the transiting units. Despite the apparent reduction of intermolecular interactions upon cooling, it is suggested that the enhanced fluctuations of the Madelung field are responsible for the observed hysteresis width changes. This counterintuitive scenario makes the preparation of information storage devices an even more challenging task, where theoretical inspections are very insightful.

  12. Anomalous behaviour of the in-plane electrical conductivity of the layered superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(NCS) sub 2

    CERN Document Server

    Singleton, J; Hayes, W; Schlüter, J A

    2003-01-01

    The apparent quasiparticle scattering rates in high-quality crystals of the quasi-two-dimensional superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(NCS) sub 2 are studied using the Shubnikov-de Haas effect and megahertz penetration-depth experiments. The width of the superconducting transition observed in the megahertz experiments, taken in conjunction with the field dependence of the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations, gives evidence that the broadening of the Landau levels is primarily caused by spatial inhomogeneities. This indicates a quasiparticle lifetime for the Landau states >> 3 ps. The megahertz data can also be used to derive an apparent scattering time (0.14- 0.56 ps) from the skin depth. This is much shorter than the Landau-state lifetime, in strong contrast to the expectations of Landau Fermi-liquid theory. The simplest explanation for the data is that only a fraction of the crystal contributes to the metallic conductivity, an observation which may be related to the recently observed 'glassy' transition in k...

  13. Vibrational spectrum of the spin crossover complex [Fe(phen)(2)(NCS)(2)] studied by IR and Raman spectroscopy, nuclear inelastic scattering and DFT calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronayne, Kate L; Paulsen, Hauke; Höfer, Andreas; Dennis, Andrew C; Wolny, Juliusz A; Chumakov, Aleksandr I; Schünemann, Volker; Winkler, Heiner; Spiering, Hartmut; Bousseksou, Azzedine; Gütlich, Philipp; Trautwein, Alfred X; McGarvey, John J

    2006-10-28

    The vibrational modes of the low-spin and high-spin isomers of the spin crossover complex [Fe(phen)(2)(NCS)(2)] (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) have been measured by IR and Raman spectroscopy and by nuclear inelastic scattering. The vibrational frequencies and normal modes and the IR and Raman intensities have been calculated by density functional methods. The vibrational entropy difference between the two isomers, DeltaS(vib), which is--together with the electronic entropy difference DeltaS(el)--the driving force for the spin-transition, has been determined from the measured and from the calculated frequencies. The calculated difference (DeltaS(vib) = 57-70 J mol(-1) K(-1), depending on the method) is in qualitative agreement with experimental values (20-36 J mol(-1) K(-1)). Only the low energy vibrational modes (20% of the 147 modes of the free molecule) contribute to the entropy difference and about three quarters of the vibrational entropy difference are due to the 15 modes of the central FeN(6) octahedron.

  14. Validation of the diagnoses of panic disorder and phobic disorders in the US National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent (NCS-A) supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Jennifer Greif; Avenevoli, Shelli; Finkelman, Matthew; Gruber, Michael J; Kessler, Ronald C; Merikangas, Kathleen R; Sampson, Nancy A; Zaslavsky, Alan M

    2011-06-01

    Validity of the adolescent version of the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) Version 3.0, a fully-structured research diagnostic interview designed to be used by trained lay interviewers, is assessed in comparison to independent clinical diagnoses based on the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-age Children (K-SADS). This assessment is carried out in the clinical reappraisal sub-sample (n = 347) of the US National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent (NCS-A) supplement, a large (n = 10,148) community epidemiological survey of the prevalence and correlates of adolescent mental disorders in the United States. The diagnoses considered are panic disorder and phobic disorders (social phobia, specific phobia, agoraphobia). CIDI diagnoses are found to have good concordance with K-SADS diagnoses [area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) = 0.81-0.94], although the CIDI diagnoses are consistency somewhat higher than the K-SADS diagnoses. Data are also presented on criterion-level concordance in an effort to pinpoint CIDI question series that might be improved in future modifications of the instrument. Finally, data are presented on the factor structure of the fears associated with social phobia, the only disorder in this series where substantial controversy exists about disorder subtypes.

  15. Vortex dynamics in organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}X(X=Cu(NCS){sub 2}, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simizu, T. [Graduate School of Engineering, Iwate University, Morioka 020-8551 (Japan); Yoshimoto, N. [Graduate School of Engineering, Iwate University, Morioka 020-8551 (Japan); Nakanishi, Y. [Graduate School of Engineering, Iwate University, Morioka 020-8551 (Japan); Yoshizawa, M. [Graduate School of Engineering, Iwate University, Morioka 020-8551 (Japan)]. E-mail: yoshizawa@iwate-u.ac.jp

    2006-05-01

    Organic superconductors {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}X (X=Cu(NCS){sub 2}, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br) show anomalous elastic properties in both normal and superconducting states. We have measured the sound velocity of these salts near the superconducting transition temperature T{sub c} in the selected magnetic fields with different directions. Under the magnetic field, the sound velocity as a function of temperature shows remarkable elastic anomalies. It was mainly caused by interplay between the vortices and the elastic strain. The {delta}C{sub S-N}, which is the difference of elastic constant C(T) in the superconducting state from the normal state, shows the softening toward lower temperature after following the jump at T{sub c}. This discontinuous jump at T{sub c} has been found on the longitudinal mode and on the transverse mode. It suggests that two-dimensional order parameter plays an important role in the superconductivity of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}X system.

  16. Analytical services: 222-S characterization of 242-A Evaporator Slurry, Campaign 94-1. Addendum 1A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-13

    During the 242-A Evaporator`s 94-1 campaign, five process samples were collected from the slurry stream for waste characterization. The five samples were collected over a 36 day time span, respectively on May 4, May 9, May 16, May 23, and June 9, 1994. Sample collections were performed per the protocol described in 242-A Evaporator Waste Analysis Plan, WHC-SD-WM-EV-060, Rev. 3 and in 242-A Evaporator Quality Assurance Project Plan, WHC-SD-WM-QAPP-009, Rev. 0. Slurry waste was characterized chemically and radiochemically by the Westinghouse Hanford Company, 222-S Laboratory as directed.

  17. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the United States Forest Service: Caribou-Targhee National Forest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort; Ian Nienhueser

    2014-06-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (ITSNA) to collect and evaluate data on federal fleet operations as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity’s Federal Fleet Vehicle Data Logging and Characterization study. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity study seeks to collect and evaluate data to validate the utilization of advanced electric drive vehicle transportation. This report focuses on the Caribou-Targhee National Forest (CTNF) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements. ITSNA acknowledges the support of Idaho National Laboratory and CTNF for participation in the study. ITSNA is pleased to provide this report and is encouraged by enthusiasm and support from the Forest Service and CTNF personnel.

  18. AVTA federal fleet PEV readiness data logging and characterization study for the National Park Service: Grand Canyon National Park

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Stephen [Intertek Testing Services, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Nienhueser, Ian [Intertek Testing Services, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

    2014-08-01

    This report focuses on the Grand Canyon National Park (GCNP) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of PEVs into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  19. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Grand Canyon National Park

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort; Ian Nienhueser

    2014-08-01

    This report focuses on the Grand Canyon National Park (GCNP) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of PEVs into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  20. The prevalence and correlates of lifetime psychiatric disorders and trauma exposures in urban and rural settings: results from the national comorbidity survey replication (NCS-R.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld

    Full Text Available Distinctions between rural and urban environments produce different frequencies of traumatic exposures and psychiatric disorders. We examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and frequency of trauma exposures by position on the rural-urban continuum.The National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R was used to evaluate psychiatric disorders among a nationally-representative sample of the U.S. population. Rurality was designated using the Department of Agriculture's 2003 rural-urban continuum codes (RUCC, which differentiate counties into levels of rurality by population density and adjacency to metropolitan areas. Lifetime psychiatric disorders included post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, anxiety disorders, major depressive disorder, mood disorders, impulse-control disorders, and substance abuse. Trauma exposures were classified as war-related, accident-related, disaster-related, interpersonal or other. Weighted logistic regression models examined the odds of psychiatric disorders and trauma exposures by position on the rural-urban continuum, adjusted for relevant covariates.75% of participants were metropolitan, 12.2% were suburban, and 12.8% were from rural counties. The most common disorder reported was any anxiety disorder (38.5%. Drug abuse was more common among metropolitan (8.7%, p = 0.018, compared to nonmetropolitan (5.1% suburban, 6.1% rural participants. A one-category increase in rurality was associated with decreased odds for war-related trauma (aOR = 0.86, 95%CI 0.78-0.95. Rurality was not associated with risk for any other lifetime psychiatric disorders or trauma exposure.Contrary to the expectation of some rural primary care providers, the frequencies of most psychiatric disorders and trauma exposures are similar across the rural-urban continuum, reinforcing calls to improve mental healthcare access in resource-poor rural communities.

  1. AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for the National Park Service: Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Stephen [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2014-11-01

    This report focuses on the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore (SLBE) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  2. Analysis of energy use in building services of the industrial sector in California: A literature review and a preliminary characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akbari, H.; Borgers, T.; Gadgil, A.; Sezgen, O.

    1991-04-01

    Energy use patterns in many of California's fastest-growing industries are not typical of those in the mix of industries elsewhere in the US. Many California firms operate small and medium-sized facilities, often in buildings used simultaneously or interchangeably for commercial (office, retail, warehouse) and industrial activities. In these industrial subsectors, the energy required for building services'' to provide occupant comfort and necessities (lighting, HVAC, office equipment, computers, etc.) may be at least as important as the more familiar process energy requirements -- especially for electricity and on-peak demand. In this report, published or unpublished information on energy use for building services in the industrial sector have been compiled and analyzed. Seven different sources of information and data relevant to California have been identified. Most of these are studies and/or projects sponsored by the Department of Energy, the California Energy Commission, and local utilities. The objectives of these studies were diverse: most focused on industrial energy use in general, and, in one case, the objective was to analyze energy use in commercial buildings. Only one of these studies focused directly on non-process energy use in industrial buildings. Our analysis of Northern California data for five selected industries shows that the contribution of total electricity consumption for lighting ranges from 9.5% in frozen fruits to 29.1% in instruments; for air-conditioning, it ranges from nonexistent in frozen fruits to 35% in instrument manufacturing. None of the five industries selected had significant electrical space heating. Gas space heating ranges from 5% in motor vehicles facilities to more than 58% in the instrument manufacturing industry. 15 refs., 15 figs., 9 tabs.

  3. CuO and Co3O4 Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterizations, and Raman Spectroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rashad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Copper oxide and cobalt oxide (CuO, Co3O4 nanocrystals (NCs have been successfully prepared in a short time using microwave irradiation without any postannealing treatment. Both kinds of nanocrystals (NCs have been prepared using copper nitrate and cobalt nitrate as the starting materials and distilled water as the solvent. The resulted powders of nanocrystals (NCs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, and atomic force microscopy (AFM measurements. The obtained results confirm the presence of the both of oxides nanopowders produced during chemical precipitation using microwave irradiation. A strong emission under UV excitation is obtained from the prepared CuO and Co3O4 nanoparticles. The results show that the nanoparticles have high dispersion and narrow size distribution. The line scans of atomic force microscopy (AFM images of the nanocrystals (NCs sprayed on GaAs substrates confirm the results of both X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, vibrational studies have been carried out using Raman spectroscopic technique. Specific Raman peaks have been observed in the CuO and Co3O4 nanostructures, and the full width at half maximum (FWHM of the peaks indicates a small particle size of the nanocrystals.

  4. Transmission electron microscopy as a tool for nanocrystal characterization pre- and post-injector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, H P; DePonte, D P; Makhov, A M; Conway, James F; Zeldin, O B; Boutet, S; Calero, G; Cohen, A E

    2014-07-17

    Recent advancements at the Linac Coherent Light Source X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) enabling successful serial femtosecond diffraction experiments using nanometre-sized crystals (NCs) have opened up the possibility of X-ray structure determination of proteins that produce only submicrometre crystals such as many membrane proteins. Careful crystal pre-characterization including compatibility testing of the sample delivery method is essential to ensure efficient use of the limited beamtime available at XFEL sources. This work demonstrates the utility of transmission electron microscopy for detecting and evaluating NCs within the carrier solutions of liquid injectors. The diffraction quality of these crystals may be assessed by examining the crystal lattice and by calculating the fast Fourier transform of the image. Injector reservoir solutions, as well as solutions collected post-injection, were evaluated for three types of protein NCs (i) the membrane protein PTHR1, (ii) the multi-protein complex Pol II-GFP and (iii) the soluble protein lysozyme. Our results indicate that the concentration and diffraction quality of NCs, particularly those with high solvent content and sensitivity to mechanical manipulation may be affected by the delivery process.

  5. Controllable synthesis, characterization and optical properties of colloidal PbS/gelatin core-shell nanocrystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mozafari, Masoud; Moztarzadeh, Fathollah

    2010-11-15

    Native quantum dots (QDs) made up of semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) are toxic in nature but due to their excellent optical properties, they have proven themselves to be an attractive choice in biological labeling and targeting. In order to improve the general biocompatibility of lead sulfide (PbS) NCs, we present a new and simple procedure for preparing PbS/gelatin core-shell nanoparticles cross-linked with glutaraldehyde (GA) molecules. The phase composition, morphology, luminescence and in vitro photostability of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and fluorescence spectroscopy, respectively. The XRD analysis showed that the PbS NCs were of the cubic structure, the mean crystallite size was calculated to be 13.5 nm and the calculated lattice constant using Bragg's equation was 0.5950 nm, which was very close to its value in the standard card (JCPDS No. 5-592). In vitro test revealed that compared with bare PbS NCs, the photostability of the core-shell nanostructure remarkably improved. In addition, possible formation mechanisms of the PbS/gelatin nanoparticles were discussed in detail. Consequently, the advantages of high stability as well as high fluorescent intensity and biocompatibility make the core-shell nanoparticles promising candidates for in vivo biological targeting applications.

  6. The Elderly's Independent Living in Smart Homes: A Characterization of Activities and Sensing Infrastructure Survey to Facilitate Services Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Qin; García Hernando, Ana Belén; de la Cruz, Iván Pau

    2015-01-01

    Human activity detection within smart homes is one of the basis of unobtrusive wellness monitoring of a rapidly aging population in developed countries. Most works in this area use the concept of "activity" as the building block with which to construct applications such as healthcare monitoring or ambient assisted living. The process of identifying a specific activity encompasses the selection of the appropriate set of sensors, the correct preprocessing of their provided raw data and the learning/reasoning using this information. If the selection of the sensors and the data processing methods are wrongly performed, the whole activity detection process may fail, leading to the consequent failure of the whole application. Related to this, the main contributions of this review are the following: first, we propose a classification of the main activities considered in smart home scenarios which are targeted to older people's independent living, as well as their characterization and formalized context representation; second, we perform a classification of sensors and data processing methods that are suitable for the detection of the aforementioned activities. Our aim is to help researchers and developers in these lower-level technical aspects that are nevertheless fundamental for the success of the complete application.

  7. Characterization of microstructure of HAZs in as-welded and service condition of P91 pipe weldments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, C.; Giri, A.; Mahapatra, M. M.; Kumar, P.

    2017-01-01

    Steels 9-12% Cr, having the high creep rupture strength are advocated for the modern low polluting thermal power plants. In the present investigation, the P91 pipe weldments have been characterized for microstructural responses in as-welded, post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) and ageing conditions. The PWHT of welded samples were carried out at 760 °C for time of 2 h and ageing at 760 °C for 720 h and 1440 h, respectively. The effect of time has been studied on precipitates size, distribution of precipitates and grain sizes present in various zones of P91 steel weldments. The impact toughness and hardness variation of heat affected zone (HAZ) have also been studied in as-welded condition as well as at different heat treatment condition. A significant change was observed in grain size and precipitates size after each heat treatment condition. The maximum impact toughness of HAZ was obtained after PWHT at 760 °C for 2 h. The main phase observed in weld fusion zone in as-welded, PWHT and ageing conditions were M23C6, MX, M7C3, Fe-rich M3C and M2C. The unwanted Z-phase (NbCrN) was also noticed in weld fusion zone after ageing of 1440 h.

  8. Characterizing and Quantifying Soil Resilience for Ecosystem Services%土壤生态系统服务功能表征与计量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程琨; 岳骞; 徐向瑞; 闫明; 潘根兴

    2015-01-01

    2015 is the International Year of Soil, which indicates soils are the central consideration of what constitutes sustainable development. However, due to direct or indirect human disturbance such as land use change, soil management and land degradation, soil becomes fragile under the global change pressures. Soils play a critical role in delivering ecosystem services. The co-benefits or trade-offs between various ecosystem services provided by soils are main issues focused by the researchers. Soil carbon, nutrient and water cycles, and soil biodiversity could be related to the provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural ecosystem services which they underpin. Characterizing and quantifying soil resilience for ecosystem services are main challenges to seek the sustainable soil management for improving soil resilience. Developing the ecosystem service indicators system and assessing the co-benefits or trade-offs between various ecosystem services using multiscale, multi-objectives, multi-factors approaches are both focused on the process of research. Furthermore, model simulation is one of the key approaches for the quantification of soil resilience for ecosystem services.%2015年是世界土壤年,健康的土壤是地球可持续发展的基石。然而,由于人类直接或间接的干扰,如土地利用变化、土壤管理和土地退化,使得土壤在全球变化压力下变得愈加脆弱。土壤在生态系统服务供应中发挥着至关重要的作用,土壤所提供的各种生态系统服务之间的相互协同或抵消作用是土壤生态系统服务功能研究的主要内容。土壤的碳、氮、水三大生物地球化学循环以及土壤的生物多样性与供给、调节、支持和文化四个生态系统服务紧密相关。为探索土壤可持续管理途径,提升土壤的生态系统服务能力,从碳、氮、水循环与生物多样性出发进行土壤生态系统服务功能表征与计量方法学研究亟待

  9. New iron(II) spin crossover coordination polymers [Fe(μ-atrz)3]X2·2H2O (X = ClO4¯, BF4¯) and [Fe(μ-atrz)(μ-pyz)(NCS)2]·4H2O with an interesting solvent effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Yu-Chun; Liu, Chi-Tsun; Sheu, Chou-Fu; Ho, Wei-Lun; Lee, Gene-Hsiang; Wang, Chih-Chieh; Wang, Chih-Cheh; Wang, Yu

    2012-04-16

    A potential bridging triazole-based ligand, atrz (trans-4,4'-azo-1,2,4-triazole), is chosen to serve as building sticks and incorporated with a spin crossover metal center to form a metal organic framework. Coordination polymers of iron(II) with the formula [Fe(μ-atrz)(3)]X(2)·2H(2)O (where X = ClO(4)(-) (1·2H(2)O) and BF(4)(-) (2·2H(2)O)) in a 3D framework and [Fe(μ-atrz)(μ-pyz)(NCS)(2)]·4H(2)O (3·4H(2)O) in a 2D layer structure were synthesized and structurally characterized. The magnetic measurements of 1·2H(2)O and 2·2H(2)O reveal spin transitions near room temperature; that of 3 exhibits an abrupt spin transition at ~200 K with a wide thermal hysteresis, and the spin transition behavior of these polymers are apparently correlated with the water content of the sample. Crystal structures have been determined both at high spin and at low spin states for 1·2H(2)O, 2·2H(2)O, and 3·4H(2)O. Each iron(II) center in 1·2H(2)O and 2·2H(2)O is octahedrally coordinated with six μ-atrz ligands, which in turn links the other Fe center forming a strong three-dimensional (3D) network; counteranion and water molecules are located in the voids of the lattice. The FeN(6) octahedron of 3·4H(2)O is formed with two atrz, two pyrazine (pyz) ligands, and two NCS(-) ligands, where the ligands atrz and pyz are bridged between iron centers forming a 2D layer polymer. A zigzag chain of water molecules is found between the layers, and there is a distinct correlation between the thermal hysteresis with the amount of water molecules the exist in the crystal.

  10. Web and Web Services based tool that provides Subsets and Visualization of MODIS land products to facilitate land validation and field site characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhana Vannan, S.; Cook, R. B.; Wilson, B. E.

    2009-12-01

    The MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) sensor data are highly useful for field research. The spectral, spatial and temporal characteristics of MODIS products have made them an important data source for analyzing key science questions relating to Earth System processes at regional, continental, and global scales. MODIS data are particularly useful to validate and inter-compare ground measurements at various field sites such as flux tower locations. MODIS data are also useful in land validation and in understanding biogeochemical and ecological processes. However, MODIS data volume and the complexity in data format makes MODIS data less usable in some cases. To solve this usability issue, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) has developed a system that prepares and distributes subsets of selected MODIS Land Products in a scale and format useful for field researchers. The MODIS subsets are provided for more than 1,000 sites across the globe. Most of the eddy covariance flux tower sites are included in the site list. The subsets are offered in tabular ASCII format and in GIS compatible GeoTIFF format. Time series plots and grid visualizations to help characterize field sites are also provided. The MODIS fixed site subsets and the various visualizations can be accessed from http://daac.ornl.gov/modisfixedsite In addition to offering subsets for fixed sites, the ORNL DAAC also offers the capability to create user-defined subsets for any location worldwide. The MODIS Global subsetting tool provides subsets from a single pixel up to 201 x 201 km for user-defined time range. Statistics, time series plots, stacked time series plots for inter-annual comparison and GIS compatible files for the customized subsets are also distributed through this tool. Users place an order for a MODIS subset online and an email is generated when the subset is created. To create subsets for any location around the globe use http

  11. Zinc(II) and Cadmium(II) complexes with N4-coordinate pyrazole based ligand: Syntheses, characterization and structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solanki, Ankita; Sadhu, Mehul H.; Kumar, Sujit Baran; Mitra, Partho

    2014-11-01

    A series of six new mononuclear zinc(II) complexes of the type [Zn(X)(dbdmp)]Y (1-6) (X = N3-/NCO-/NCS-, Y = ClO4-/PF6-, and dbdmp = N,N-diethyl-N‧,N‧-bis((3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)ethane-1,2-diamine), two binuclear cadmium(II) complexes [{Cd(dbdmp)}2(μ-N3)2](Y)2 (7-8) and three mononuclear cadmium(II) complexes [Cd(NCO)(dbdmp)]Y (Y = ClO4-/PF6-) (9-10) and [Cd(NCS)2(dbdmp)] (11) have been synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical methods. Crystal structures of the complexes [Zn(N3)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (1), [{Cd(dbdmp)}2(μ-N3)2](ClO4)2 (7), [Cd(NCO)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (9) and [Cd(NCS)2(dbdmp)] (11) have been solved by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies and showed that [Zn(N3)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (1) and [Cd(NCO)(dbdmp)]ClO4 (9) have distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry, [Cd(NCS)2(dbdmp)] (11) and [(dbdmp)Cd(μ-N3)]2(ClO4)2 (7) have distorted octahedral geometry.

  12. Regional Fos-expression induced by γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB): comparison with γ-butyrolactone (GBL) and effects of co-administration of the GABAB antagonist SCH 50911 and putative GHB antagonist NCS-382.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Nieuwenhuijzen, P S; McGregor, I S; Chebib, M; Hunt, G E

    2014-09-26

    γ-Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has a complex array of neural actions that include effects on its own high-affinity GHB receptor, the release of neuroactive steroids, and agonist actions at GABAA and GABAB receptors. We previously reported partial overlap in the c-Fos expression patterns produced by GHB and the GABAB agonist, baclofen in rats. The present study extends these earlier findings by examining the extent to which GHB Fos expression and behavioral sedation are prevented by (2S)-(+)-5,5-dimethyl-2-morpholineacetic acid (SCH 50911), a GABAB antagonist, and NCS-382, a putative antagonist at the high-affinity GHB receptor. We also compare Fos expression caused by GHB and its precursor γ-butyrolactone (GBL), which is a pro-drug for GHB but lacks the high sodium content of the parent GHB molecule. Both GHB (1,000 mg/kg) and GBL (600 mg/kg) induced rapid sedation in rats that lasted over 90 min and caused similar Fos expression patterns, albeit with GBL causing greater activation of the nucleus accumbens (core and shell) and dentate gyrus (granular layer). Pretreatment with SCH 50911 (100mg/kg) partly reversed the sedative effects of GHB and significantly reduced GHB-induced Fos expression in only four regions: the tenia tecta, lateral habenula, dorsal raphe and laterodorsal tegmental nucleus. NCS-382 (50mg/kg) had no effect on GHB-induced sedation or Fos expression. When given alone, both NCS-382 and SCH 50911 increased Fos expression in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, central amygdala, parasubthalamic nucleus and nucleus of the solitary tract. SCH 50911 alone affected the Islands of Calleja and the medial, central and paraventricular thalamic nuclei. Overall, this study shows a surprising lack of reversal of GHB-induced Fos expression by two relevant antagonists, both of which have marked intrinsic actions. This may reflect the limited doses tested but also suggests that GHB Fos expression reflects mechanisms independent of GHB and GABAB receptors.

  13. Facile Synthesis and Characterization of Au Nanoclusters-Silica Fluorescent Composite Nanospheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huiping Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We developed a novel method for the synthesis of Au nanoclusters (NCs silica fluorescent composite nanospheres by mixing the as-prepared bovine serum albumin (BSA protected Au NCs with amino-modified silica spheres in acetate buffer solution. The products were characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS, fluorescent microscope imaging (FLMI, and dynamic light scattering (DLS measurements. The proposed method was simple, efficient, and inexpensive. In addition, the composite nanospheres exhibited favorable water-dispersible, stable, and fluorescent properties, potentially leading to further applications in chemical and biological sensors. A reasonable mechanism was also proposed for the formation of composite nanospheres.

  14. NCS中实时数据库的多版本并发控制研究%Research on Concurrent Control of Multiversion of Real-time Database in NCS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑冰; 温兴贤

    2012-01-01

    实时数据库是网络控制系统(NCS)的重要组成部分,是整个控制系统中数据交换的平台.本文在原有的两段锁机制的基础上,提出一种适用于多版本的两段锁并发控制方法.简述数据多版本给现场控制带来的不利影响.分析在数据多版本的情况下,现场事务的可串行性,用多版本并发控制协议MV2PL解决多版本并发控制问题.用简化的多版本并发协议2V2PL说明它的正确性,并通过实例表明该协议是可行的.%The real-time database is an important part of NCS system, and it is the data exchange platform of whole control sys-tem. Based on the original two phase locking mechanism, the paper puts forward a kind of concurrency control method to apply to multiversion. Adverse effect brought by multiversion for field control is introduced. Analysis is made for on-site transaction serial-izability on data multiple versions of the cases, and multiversion concurrency control protocols (MV2PL) are used to solve the problem of multiversion concurrency control. The simplified version concurrency protocol (2V2PL) is used to show its correct-ness, the last example shows that the protocol is feasible.

  15. Mechanical Service; Service Mechanique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alliaume, T.; Benoit, A.; Bonin, H.; Ducimetiere, D.; Essertaize, D.; Gelin, G.; Guillot, G.; Lemoine, C.; Mabo, J.C.; Mounier, F.; Tissot, S.; Verdier, G. [Inst. de Physique Nucleaire, Lyon-1 Univ., 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

    1998-12-31

    The service studies the mechanical part of the experiment or detectors used by the physics groups in collaboration with the physicists, engineers and the technicians of the experiment assistance group as well as with other technical groups. The mechanical service was implied in the following projects: CMS, VIRGO (the IGISOL ion guide chamber), PIAFE, NA50 (reaction chamber, metallic cluster source), ORION, SICANE, EDELWEISS II 2 figs.

  16. Pseudohalide copper(II) complexes derived from polypyridyl ligands: Synthesis and characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mautner, Franz A.; Louka, Febee R.; LeGuet, Thibaut; Massoud, Salah S.

    2009-02-01

    A novel series of pseudohalide- ( N3- NCS -) and perchlorato-Cu(II) complexes possessing a series of ligands with pyridyl-containing donors have been investigated. These include [Cu(pmap)ClO 4)]ClO 4 ( 1), [Cu(pmap)(N 3)]ClO 4 ( 2), [Cu(pmea)(N 3)]ClO 4·H 2O ( 3), [Cu(dp-pa)(N 3)]ClO 4·½H 2O ( 4), [Cu(pzdepy)ClO 4]ClO 4 ( 5), [Cu(pzdepy)(NCS)]ClO 4 ( 6) and [Cu 2(L)(NCS) 4]·2CH 3CN ( 7) where pmap = bis[2-(2-pyridylethyl)]-(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, pmea = bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-2-(2-pyridylethyl)amine, dp-pa = N-propanamide- N, N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, pzdepy = N, N'-bis[2-(2-pyridylethyl)]piperazine and L = 3,5-bis[bis(2-pyridylmethyl)aminomethyl]-toluene. All complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR and UV-Visible spectroscopy. The visible spectra of all complexes reveal the square-pyramidal geometries (SP) around the central Cu 2+ ion. IR spectra confirmed the coordination of the ClO4- group in 1 and 5 and the N-donor thiocyanate group in complexes 6 and 7. The X-ray structure determination of the pseudohalide complexes 2, 6 and 7 confirmed the monodentate coordination nature of N3- and NCS - ions. The structure of 2 or 6 consists of isolated [Cu(pmap)(N 3)] + or [Cu(pzdepy)(NCS)] + cations and perchlorate counter anions. The copper centers are penta-coordinated by the four N atoms of the pmap or pzdepy and N(5) atom of the azide group in 2 and the thiocyanate group in 6. In the dinuclear unit [Cu 2(L)(NCS) 4] of 7, each copper atom forms bonds to three nitrogen atoms of the ligand L, [Cu sbnd N bonds from 2.013(2) to 2.054(2) Å], and to N(4) and N(5) atoms of the two terminal thiocyanato groups [Cu(1) sbnd N(4) = 1.954(2) Å; Cu(1) sbnd N(5) = 2.178(2) Å]. The intradimer Cu(1)...Cu(1A) distance is 5.7010(14) Å. An intramolecular π-π stacking with a ring-ring separation of 3.5991(14) Å is observed between the central benzene ring and the pyridyl rings. In the three complexes ( 2, 6 and 7), the CuN 5 chromophore may be described as an

  17. Service Gateway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Guozhong; HOU Gang; HUANG Zeqing

    2003-01-01

    This article focuses on the service gateway which implements the Open Service gateway Initiative (OSGI), it manages voice, data, Internet, and multimedia communications to and from the home, office and other locations. This service gateway can also function as an application server for a range of high value services such as energy management and control, safety and security services, health care monitoring services, device control and maintenance, electronic commerce services and more.

  18. FAX SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Telephone Service

    2002-01-01

    As from 1st of July 2002, responsibility for running the Fax Service will be transfered to the Printer Service. Future requests for machines, toner and breakdown should be sent to Printer.Support@cern.ch - tel 78888. Telephone Service

  19. Synthesis, characterization and femtosecond nonlinear saturable absorption behavior of copper phthalocyanine nanocrystals doped-PMMA polymer thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zongo, S.; Dhlamini, M. S.; Neethling, P. H.; Yao, A.; Maaza, M.; Sahraoui, B.

    2015-12-01

    In this work, we report the femtosecond nonlinear saturable absorption response of synthesized copper phthalocyanine nanocrystals (CPc-NCs)-doped PMMA polymer thin films. The samples were initially characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV-Vis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The crystalline phase and morphological analysis revealed nanocrystals of monoclinic structure with an average crystallite size between 31.38 nm and 42.5 nm. The femtosecond Z-scan study at 800 nm central wavelength indicated a saturable absorption behavior of which the mechanism is closely related to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the particles. This nonlinear effect could potentially make the CPc-NCs useful in nonlinear optical devices.

  20. Medical Services: Ophthalmic Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Atlan- tic Treaty Organization (NATO) nations and of other officially rec- ognized foreign military personnel at military installations within the...representatives of religious groups, celebrities, and enter- tainers; representatives of the United Service Organization( USO ), other social agencies, and...from DOD, or from one of the military depart- ments, to visit military commands overseas. b. Dependents of USO oversea area executives, club directors

  1. Service Modularity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Avlonitis, Viktor; Hsuan, Juliana

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to investigate the studies on service modularity with a goal of informing service science and advancing contemporary service systems research. Modularity, a general systems property, can add theoretical underpinnings to the conceptual development of service science...... in general and service systems in particular. Our research is guided by the following question: how can modularity theory inform service system design? We present a review of the modularity literature and associated concepts. We then introduce the contemporary service science and service system discourse...

  2. Reflection on the Teaching-Learning Process in the Initial Training of Teachers. Characterization of the Issues on Which Pre-Service Mathematics Teachers Reflect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamoso, J. M.; Caceres, M. J.; Azcarate, P.

    2012-01-01

    Our aim was to highlight the issues of the reflections of pre-service mathematics teachers in their learning portfolio about the teaching-learning process taking place in a university teacher-training classroom. Category systems were designed which, together with the analysis system used, could provide a method helpful to teacher educators,…

  3. Effect of texture alteration by thin film fabrication on the spin crossover of [Fe(3-Br-phen){sub 2}(NCS){sub 2}]{center_dot}0.5CH{sub 3}OH

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naik, Anil D; DIrtu, Marinela M; Garcia, Yann, E-mail: yann.garcia@uclouvain.b [Institut de la Matiere Condensee et des Nanosciences, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 1, 1348, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

    2010-03-01

    A mononuclear complex of composition [Fe(3-Br-phen){sub 2}(NCS){sub 2}]{center_dot}0.5CH{sub 3}OH which exhibits a gradual, incomplete spin crossover (SCO) in bulk sample (1) was selected to study the effect of alteration of particle size and shape on SCO properties. Thin films (2) were fabricated using spin coating technique on quartz substrates and silicon wafers. Morphology analysis by scanning electron micrographs shows a drastic reduction in particles size and deformation in shape compared to the bulk sample. Nearly spherical particles of 200-500 nm diameter were obtained and further reduction in size down to 50-120 nm were obtained with increase in spin coating speed. A thin film on a quartz substrate was studied by {sup 57}Fe Moessbauer spectroscopy in transmission mode which shows only a low-spin signal as opposed to a dominant high-spin signal in bulk sample thus hinting out the effect of texture modification on increasing the ligand field strength.

  4. Trade in health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanda, Rupa

    2002-01-01

    In light of the increasing globalization of the health sector, this article examines ways in which health services can be traded, using the mode-wise characterization of trade defined in the General Agreement on Trade in Services. The trade modes include cross- border delivery of health services via physical and electronic means, and cross-border movement of consumers, professionals, and capital. An examination of the positive and negative implications of trade in health services for equity, efficiency, quality, and access to health care indicates that health services trade has brought mixed benefits and that there is a clear role for policy measures to mitigate the adverse consequences and facilitate the gains. Some policy measures and priority areas for action are outlined, including steps to address the "brain drain"; increasing investment in the health sector and prioritizing this investment better; and promoting linkages between private and public health care services to ensure equity. Data collection, measures, and studies on health services trade all need to be improved, to assess better the magnitude and potential implications of this trade. In this context, the potential costs and benefits of trade in health services are shaped by the underlying structural conditions and existing regulatory, policy, and infrastructure in the health sector. Thus, appropriate policies and safeguard measures are required to take advantage of globalization in health services.

  5. Magnetically separable Cu{sub 2}O/chitosan–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanocomposites: Preparation, characterization and visible-light photocatalytic performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cao, Chunhua [School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Chemical Materials and Devices of Ministry of Education, College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Jianghan University, Wuhan 430056 (China); Xiao, Ling, E-mail: xiaoling9119@whu.edu.cn [School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Chen, Chunhua [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Chemical Materials and Devices of Ministry of Education, College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Jianghan University, Wuhan 430056 (China); Cao, Qihua [School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

    2015-04-01

    Highlights: • A novel magnetically-separable Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} photocatalyst was in situ prepared. • Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs had rough and porous chitosan surface layer embedded with Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NPs. • Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs showed large surface areas and special dimodal pore structure. • Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs showed superparamagnetism and could be easily magnetic separated. • Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs exhibited good visible-light photocatalytic activity and stability. - Abstract: A novel magnetically-separable visible-light-induced photocatalyst, Cu{sub 2}O/chitosan–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanocomposite (Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NC), was prepared via a facile one-step precipitation–reduction process by using magnetic chitosan chelating copper ions as precursor. The structure and properties of Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM, HRTEM, SAED, EDS, BET, VSM, XPS and UV–vis/DRS. The photocatalytic activity of Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs was evaluated by decolorization of reactive brilliant red X-3B (X-3B) under visible light irradiation. The characterization results indicated that Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs exhibited relatively large specific surface areas and special dimodal pore structure because Cu{sub 2}O was wrapped in chitosan matrix embedded with Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles. The tight combination of magnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and semiconductor Cu{sub 2}O through chitosan made the nanocomposites show good superparamagnetism and photocatalytic activity. It was found that X-3B could be decolorized more efficiently in acidic media than in neutral or alkaline media. The decolorization of X-3B was ascribed to the synergistic effect of photocatalysis and adsorption. Cu{sub 2}O/CS–Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} NCs could be easily separated from the solution by an external magnet, and the decolorization rates of X-3B

  6. Synthesis, spectral, structural and computational studies on NiS4 and NiS2NP chromophores: Anagostic and C-H⋯π (chelate) interactions in [Ni(dtc)(PPh3)(NCS)] (dtc = N-(2-phenylethyl)-N-(4-methoxybenzyl)- dithiocarbamate and N-(2-phenylethyl)-N-(4-chlorobenzyl)dithiocarbamate)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sathiyaraj, E.; Selvaganapathi, P.; Thirumaran, S.; Ciattini, Samuele

    2016-09-01

    Bis(N-(2-phenylethyl)-N-substituted benzyldithiocarbamato-S,S‧)nickel(II) (1-6) and (N-(2-phenylethyl)-N-substituted benzyldithiocarbamato-S,S‧)(thiocyanato-N) (triphenylphosphine)nickel(II) (7-12) [substituted benzyl = 2HO-C6H4-CH2- (1,7), 3HO-C6H4-CH2- (2,8), 4HO-C6H4-CH2- (3,9), 4CH3O-C6H4-CH2- (4,10), 4F-C6H4-CH2- (5,11), 4Cl-C6H4-CH2- (6,12)] complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis and NMR (1H and 13C) spectroscopy. In the case of heteroleptic complexes 7-12, the shift in vC-N values to higher wavenumber and the NCS2 carbon signals are shifted to downfield compared to the homoleptic complexes indicating the increasing strength of thioureide vC-N bond due to the presence of π-accepting triphenylphosphine ligand in heteroleptic complexes. Electronic spectral studies on all the complexes (1-12) suggest square planar geometry around the nickel(II). Structures of 10 and 12 have been elucidated by X-ray crystallography. The dithiocarbamate anions in 10 and 12 chelate to the nickel atom. Both the structures reveal C-H⋯Ni intramolecular anagostic interaction. C-H⋯π (chelate) is observed in complexes 10. Supramolecular frame works are stabilised by C-H⋯S, C-H⋯π and C-H⋯Cl non-covalent interaction. The molecular geometry, HOMO-LUMO in the ground state and MEP have been calculated for 10 and 12 using Hartree-Fock (HF) method with LANL2DZ basic set. Molecular electrostatic potential diagram of complexes 10 and 12 support the partial double bond character of C-N (thioureide) bond in dithiocarbamate ligands.

  7. Service Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lene Tolstrup; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the challenges in relation to an ongoing project named converged advanced mobile media platform (CAMMP), where all the different stakeholders need to have a saying in the service development for the upcoming rich, mobile broadcasting services....

  8. Synthesis and Characterization of Rice Straw/Fe3O4 Nanocomposites by a Quick Precipitation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katayoon Kalantari

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Small sized magnetite iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs with were successfully synthesized on the surface of rice straw using the quick precipitation method in the absence of any heat treatment. Ferric chloride (FeCl3·6H2O, ferrous chloride (FeCl2·4H2O, sodium hydroxide (NaOH and urea (CH4N2O were used as Fe3O4-NPs precursors, reducing agent and stabilizer, respectively. The rice straw fibers were dispersed in deionized water, and then urea was added to the suspension, after that ferric and ferrous chloride were added to this mixture and stirred. After the absorption of iron ions on the surface layer of the fibers, the ions were reduced with NaOH by a quick precipitation method. The reaction was carried out under N2 gas. The mean diameter and standard deviation of metal oxide NPs synthesized in rice straw/Fe3O4 nanocomposites (NCs were 9.93 ± 2.42 nm. The prepared rice straw/Fe3O4-NCS were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXF and Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FT‒IR. The rice straw/Fe3O4-NCs prepared by this method have magnetic properties.

  9. Transition metal complexes with thiosemicarbazide-based ligands. Part 51. Square-planar nickel(II complex with acetylacetone bis(S-n-propylisothiosemicarbazone (L. Crystal and molecular structure of [Ni(L-H]NCS and two isomorphic complexes [Ni(L-H]I·EtOH and [Ni(L-H]I·iPrOH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VUKADIN M. LEOVAC

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The template reaction of a warm methanolic solution of Ni(OAc2·4H2O, S-n-propylisothiosemicarbazide hydroiodide and acetylacetone yielded the needle- like, brown, diamagnetic complex [Ni(L–H]I·MeOH, and in the presence of an excess of NH 4NCS, brown, prismatic crystals of the complex [Ni(L–H]NCS (1, both compounds involving the monoanionic form of the ligand, acetylacetone bis(S-n-propylisothiosemicarbazone, L. Slow recrystallization fromMeOH, EtOH, iPrOH and Me2CO gave the corresponding monosolvent complexes [Ni(L–H]I·solvent, of which only those involving EtOH and iPrOH were suitable for structural analysis. The crystallographic parameters of [Ni(L–H]I·EtOH (2 and [Ni(L–H]I·iPrOH (3 are very similar to each other, showing their structures are isomorphic. The crystal structures of the title compounds consist of the independent ions: NCS-, or I-, and the chemically identical cation [Ni(L–H]+, where L–H is the monoanion resulting from deprotonation of the acetylacetone moiety, a tetradentate N4 ligand forming a square-planar coordination around a Ni(II ion. It was found that the isothiosemicarbazide fragment of the ligand has an imido form. The complex cations of the compounds [Ni(L–H]NCS and [Ni(L–H]I·EtOH exhibit significant difference only in the conformation of their propyl groups.

  10. IGP Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Warren

    2003-01-01

    The goal is location-independent computing. Implementing a set of services to satisfy this goal, build upon the GLOBUS toolkit services, and implementing with OGSA. Current status includes: Event service, Job manager, Resource selector and Broker, Next versions in development.Development includes: Monitoring and testing, Portability manager, Performance prediction, Dynamic accounting, and MDS evaluation.

  11. Ecosystem services and water resource management in a small scale river basin characterized by ponds and wetlands: Fizeş River(Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian V. Maloş

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Water resource management can prove to be a very difficult task. It is not an easy job trying to fulfill the current requirements of the Water Framework Directive1 (WFD 2000/60/EC especially because it is difficult to estimate what really ?good status? means according with WFD. In order to reach the ?good status? in a particular river basin the water manager needs to propose a so called Program of Measures, which identifies and proposes measures to be taken in order to lower the impact generated by human activities. All these measures are based on an evaluation of the supposed natural status and current status in the river basin. What we try to propose here is a model for an tegrated management plan approach based both on the natural functionality of the river but also on the ecosystem services and social functionalities generated by man made ponds in the river basin.

  12. Crystal structure of {l_brace}NH{sub 2}C(NHC{sub 6}H{sub 5}){sub 2}{r_brace}{sub 3}[UO{sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(NCS)] . 1.25H{sub 2}O

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serezhkina, L. B., E-mail: lserezh@ssu.samara.ru [Samara State University (Russian Federation); Peresypkina, E. V.; Virovets, A. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Neklyudova, N. A.; Pushkin, D. V. [Samara State University (Russian Federation)

    2008-07-15

    Synthesis and X-ray diffraction study of {l_brace}NH{sub 2}C(NHC{sub 6}H{sub 5}){sub 2}{r_brace}{sub 3}[UO{sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(NCS)] . 1.25H{sub 2}O single crystals have been performed. This compound is crystallized in the orthorhombic system, with the unit-cell parameters a = 45.2646(8) A, b = 57.7359(11) A, c = 7.9244(3) A, sp. gr. Fdd2, Z = 16, V = 20 709.6(10) A{sup 3}, and R = 0.0477. The uranium-containing structural units of the crystals are one-core groups of the [UO{sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(NCS)]{sup 3-} composition, belonging to the crystallochemical group AB{sub 2}{sup 01}M{sup 1} (A = UO{sub 2}{sup +2}, B{sup 01} = C{sub 2}O{sub 4}{sup 2-}, M{sup 1} = NCS{sup -}) of uranyl complexes. The uranium-containing complexes are connected into a three-dimensional framework owing to the electrostatic interactions with the outer-sphere cations and a system of hydrogen bonds.

  13. Cooperation for Innovation in Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pyka, Andreas; Schön, Benjamin; Windrum, Paul

    to analyze innovation processes and economic development. In particular, the theories of innovation systems as well as the theory of technological regimes are well suited for an immediate integration of our service-oriented theories. This demonstrates the broad connectivity of our theoretical framework......Services play a major role for wealth creation and employment in all European economies. The modern service industries are knowledge-intensive, the services produced are complex and the actors involved in the production of services are heterogeneous. Most important trends characterizing...... the development in service industries include the increasing modularization of services, the increasing importance of the introduction of novelties as well as new organizational forms for the division of labour between private and public actors in service innovation processes. In economics research so far...

  14. Introduction - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    To assist in the planning of the National Children's Study, investigators at the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements, NCI and Johns Hopkins University contracted with Westat to conduct a comprehensive review of the scientific literature.

  15. Methodology - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    This review examines studies conducted mainly in industrialized, developed countries and published in English between 1982 and December 2003 for pregnant or lactating women, infants, toddlers, and preschoolers.

  16. Adolescents Background - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Within any 24-hour period in the life of a teenager, eating may be a positive or a negative experience. It may involve a quick snack or a grazing process. Eating for teens may be a group decision, an interaction, or an independent endeavor.

  17. Performance Trade-offs in Client-Side Service Delegation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nasr, K.A.; Gross, H.G.; Van Deursen, A.

    2011-01-01

    Service Oriented Architecture, which builds on distributed computing platforms, is increasingly being adopted by organizations in both public and private sectors. Migration from traditional monolithic systems to services, in particular web services, characterizes much of systems evolution today. Thi

  18. Mass spectrometric analytical services and research activities to support coal-liquid characterization research. Quarterly report, June 9, 1976--October 5, 1976. [10 refs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheppele, S.E.

    1976-10-19

    Low-resolution field ionization and high-resolution 70-eV electron-impact mass spectra data were obtained for 28 GPC fractions acquired from Bartlett, Kansas, heavy petroleum by members of the Separation and Characterization group at the Bartlesville Energy Research Center. This group was supplied with most-probable empirical formulas deduced from the high resolution electron-impact data. Analysis of the qualitative and quantitative analytical data previously obtained for GPC fractions from a Synthoil sample by high- and low-resolution field-ionization and high-resolution 70-eV electron-impact mass spectrometry is essentially complete. A study of field-ionization sensitivities for saturates and mixtures of saturates and aromatics is in progress. Components required to modify the combined FI/EI ion source to permit operation in the field desorption mode have been ordered.

  19. Characterization of chronic HCV infection in Northwest Spain: Impact of the treatment strategic plan of the Spanish National Health Service on HCV cure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grandal, Marta; Pernas, Berta; Mariño, Ana; Álvarez, Hortensia; Tabernilla, Andrés; Castro-Iglesias, Ángeles; Mena, Álvaro; Delgado, Manuel; Pértega, Sonia; Poveda, Eva

    2017-01-12

    The aim of the study was to characterize HCV infection in Northwest Spain and assess the impact of the Spanish Strategic Plan to cure HCV infection. Overall, 387 patients were included (60.9% HIV/HCV coinfected and 28.2% cirrhotic). Of these, 72.9% of patients that were recognized as priority for HCV treatment according to the Spanish Strategic Plan (≥F2, transplant or extrahepatic manifestations), initiated treatment during 2015. Globally, SVR12 was achieved in 96.5% of patients. The implementation of the Spanish Strategic Plan has been critical to advance in HCV cure, but 27.1% of priority patients still remain awaiting HCV treatment initiation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  20. Characterization of motorcycle accident victims attended by the mobile emergency service (SAMU-192, Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil - 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v34ispec.11524

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betise Mery Alencar Sousa Macau Furtado

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study described the epidemiological characteristics of victims of accidents involving motorcycles, attended by the Mobile Emergency Service (SAMU-192 in the city of Recife (PE in 2006. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study that analyzed a sample of 703 cases. The results showed that 81.8% were male, aged 20 to 29 years. It was noted that 406 of them were wearing a helmet at the time of the accident. The accidents occurred most frequently on Sundays (19.3% between 18:00 and 24:00 hours (0.28%. The extremities were the most affected body segment, with 341 occurrences. Regarding the severity of injuries, it was found that 37.6% were superficial or mild (scrapes, cuts and bruises. These results demonstrate the need for educational campaigns to encourage the use of personal protective equipment among motorcyclists. The best way to reduce the risks and damages from motorcycle accidents is through primary prevention. For this, are needed integrated intersectoral actions aimed at reducing the incidence and severity of injuries.  

  1. A CASE FOR SERVICE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    James M. TIEN; Daniel BERG

    2003-01-01

    A case is made for further developing a branch of systems engineering that focuses on problemsand issues which arise in the service sector. We promulgate this special focus not only because of thesize and importance of the service sector but also because of the unique opportunities that systemsengineering can exploit in the design and joint production and delivery of services. We begin byconsidering the economic, technological and demographic contexts within which the service sectorhas flourished; we then address both services, especially emerging services, and systems engineering,followed by a discussion of how to advance the field of service systems engineering, and concludingwith several remarks. In particular, a number of service systems engineering methods are identified toenhance the design and production/delivery of services, especially taking advantage of the uniquefeatures that characterize services - namely, services, especially emerging services, are information-driven, customer-centric, e-oriented, and productivity-focused.

  2. The Elderly’s Independent Living in Smart Homes: A Characterization of Activities and Sensing Infrastructure Survey to Facilitate Services Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qin Ni

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Human activity detection within smart homes is one of the basis of unobtrusive wellness monitoring of a rapidly aging population in developed countries. Most works in this area use the concept of “activity” as the building block with which to construct applications such as healthcare monitoring or ambient assisted living. The process of identifying a specific activity encompasses the selection of the appropriate set of sensors, the correct preprocessing of their provided raw data and the learning/reasoning using this information. If the selection of the sensors and the data processing methods are wrongly performed, the whole activity detection process may fail, leading to the consequent failure of the whole application. Related to this, the main contributions of this review are the following: first, we propose a classification of the main activities considered in smart home scenarios which are targeted to older people’s independent living, as well as their characterization and formalized context representation; second, we perform a classification of sensors and data processing methods that are suitable for the detection of the aforementioned activities. Our aim is to help researchers and developers in these lower-level technical aspects that are nevertheless fundamental for the success of the complete application.

  3. Reduced Antivation Ferritic/Martensitic Steel Eurofer 97 as Possible Structural Material for Fusion Devices. Metallurgical Characterization on As-Received Condition and after Simulated Services Conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandez, P.; Lancha, A. M.; Lapena, J.; Serrano, M.; Hernandez-Mayoral, M.

    2004-07-01

    Metallurgical Characterization of the reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steel Eurofer'97, on as-received condition and after thermal ageing treatment in the temperature range from 400 degree centigree to 600 degree centigree for periods up to 10.000 h, was carried out. The microstructure of the steel remained stable (tempered martensite with M{sub 2}3 C{sub 6} and MX precipitates) after the thermal ageing treatments studied in this work. In general, this stability was also observed in the mechanical properties. The Eurofer'97 steel exhibited similar values of hardness, ultimate tensile stress, 0,2% proof stress, USE and T{sub 0}3 regardless of the investigated material condition. However, ageing at 600 degree centigree for 10.000 ha caused a slight increase in the DBTT, of approximately 23. In terms of creep properties, the steel shows in general adequate creep rupture strength levels for short rupture times. However, the results obtained up to now for long time creep rupture tests at 500 degree centigree suggests a change in the deformation mechanisms. (Author) 62 refs.

  4. Characterization of the maintenance management of biomedical equipment in emergency services in clinics and hospitals in Medellin period 2008-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Orozco Murillo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Maintenance management is a tool that supports Biomedical Engineering staff in the development, control and direction of maintenance programs for medical equipment. Objective: to characterize the maintenance management of biomedical equipment in emergency areas of medical institutions in the metropolitan area of Medellin during 2008-2009. Materials and methods: a survey was conducted with chiefs and maintenance technicians of eleven institutions classified at level 3, belonging to the health network of the municipality of Medellin. Results: among the medical institutions included in the present study, it was found that 80% of equipment failure was related with mishandling of the devices, and 70% of maintenance work developed during the period of study was carried out by qualified Biomedical Technicians/ Technologist. On the other hand, a weakness was observed in programs for medical equipment maintenance of the surveyed institutions, as it was found that most of them had only working PM schedules, and outdated record information of equipment regarding, maintenance, acquisition or decommissioning plans of equipment. Conclusion: the study shows the existence of weaknesses in certain areas of the maintenance, such also poor organization and management, and poor availability of original spare parts.

  5. Dosimetry Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Cern Staff and Users can now consult their dose records for an individual or an organizational unit with HRT. Please see more information on our web page: http://cern.ch/rp-dosimetry Dosimetry Service is open every morning from 8.30 - 12.00. Closed in the afternoons. We would like to remind you that dosimeters cannot be sent to customers by internal mail. Short-term dosimeters (VCT's) must always be returned to the Service after the use and must not be left on the racks in the experimental areas or in the secretariats. Dosimetry Service Tel. 7 2155 Dosimetry.service@cern.ch http://cern.ch/rp-dosimetry

  6. CDBG Public Services Activity

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — CDBG activity related to public services, including senior services, legal services, youth services, employment training, health services, homebuyer counseling, food...

  7. Polymorphism in Spin Transition Systems. Crystal Structure, Magnetic Properties, and Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Three Polymorphic Modifications of [Fe(DPPA)(NCS)(2)] [DPPA = (3-Aminopropyl)bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matouzenko, Galina S.; Bousseksou, Azzedine; Lecocq, Sylvain; van Koningsbruggen, Petra J.; Perrin, Monique; Kahn, Olivier; Collet, André

    1997-12-03

    Three polymorphic modifications A-C of [Fe(II)(DPPA)(NCS)(2)], where DPPA = (3-aminopropyl)bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine is a new tetradentate ligand, have been synthesized, and their structures, magnetic properties, and Mössbauer spectra have been investigated. For polymorph A, variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements as well as Mössbauer spectroscopy have revealed the occurrence of a rather gradual HS if LS transition without hysteresis, centered at about 176 K. The same methods have shown that polymorph B is paramagnetic over the temperature range 4.5-295 K, whereas polymorph C exhibits a very abrupt S = 2 if S = 0 transition with a hysteresis. The hysteresis width is 8 K, the transitions being centered at T(c) downward arrow = 112 K for decreasing and T(c) upward arrow = 120 K for increasing temperatures. The crystal structures of the three polymorphs have been solved by X-ray diffraction at 298 K. Polymorph A is triclinic, space group P&onemacr; with Z = 2, a = 8.710(2) Å, b = 15.645(2) Å, c = 7.985(1) Å, alpha = 101.57(1) degrees, beta = 112.59(2) degrees, and gamma = 82.68(2) degrees. Polymorph B is monoclinic, space group P2(1)/c with Z = 4, a = 8.936(2) Å, b = 16.855(4) Å, c = 13.645(3) Å, and beta = 97.78(2) degrees. Polymorph C is orthorhombic, space group Pbca with Z = 8, a = 8.449(2) Å, b = 14.239(2) Å, and c = 33.463(5) Å. In the three polymorphs, the asymmetric units are almost identical and consist of one chiral complex molecule with the same configuration and conformation. The distorted [FeN(6)] octahedron is formed by four nitrogen atoms belonging to DPPA and two provided by the cis thiocyanate groups. The two pyridine rings of DPPA are in fac positions. The main differences between the structures of the three polymorphs are found in their crystal packing. The stabilization of the high-spin ground state of polymorph B is tentatively explained by the presence of two centers of steric strain in the crystal lattice resulting

  8. Theoretical Studies on the Fe-M Interactions and 31p NMR in Fe(CO)3(EtPhPpy)2MX2 (X=NCS, SCN, CI; M=Zn, Cd, Hg)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-xuan Huang; Xuan Xu; Mei-xiang Xie

    2008-01-01

    To study the Fe-M interactions and their effects on 31p NMR, the structures of Fe(CO)3(EtPhPpy)21,Fe(CO)3(EtPhPpy)2M(NCS)2 (2: M=Zn, 3: M=Cd, 4: M=Hg) and Fe(CO)3(EtPhPpy)2CdX2 (5: X=CI,6: X=SCN) were investigated by density functional theory (DFT) PBE0 method. The stabilities S of complexes follow S(2)>S(3)>S(4) and S(3)~S(6)>S(5), indicating that 6 is stable and may be synthesized.The complexes with thiocyanate are more stable than that with chloride in Fe(CO)3(EtPhPpy)2CdX2.The strength I of Fe-M interactions follows I(2)≈I(3)

  9. Characterization of neurophysiologic and neurocognitive biomarkers for use in genomic and clinical outcome studies of schizophrenia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory A Light

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Endophenotypes are quantitative, laboratory-based measures representing intermediate links in the pathways between genetic variation and the clinical expression of a disorder. Ideal endophenotypes exhibit deficits in patients, are stable over time and across shifts in psychopathology, and are suitable for repeat testing. Unfortunately, many leading candidate endophenotypes in schizophrenia have not been fully characterized simultaneously in large cohorts of patients and controls across these properties. The objectives of this study were to characterize the extent to which widely-used neurophysiological and neurocognitive endophenotypes are: 1 associated with schizophrenia, 2 stable over time, independent of state-related changes, and 3 free of potential practice/maturation or differential attrition effects in schizophrenia patients (SZ and nonpsychiatric comparison subjects (NCS. Stability of clinical and functional measures was also assessed. METHODS: Participants (SZ n = 341; NCS n = 205 completed a battery of neurophysiological (MMN, P3a, P50 and N100 indices, PPI, startle habituation, antisaccade, neurocognitive (WRAT-3 Reading, LNS-forward, LNS-reorder, WCST-64, CVLT-II. In addition, patients were rated on clinical symptom severity as well as functional capacity and status measures (GAF, UPSA, SOF. 223 subjects (SZ n = 163; NCS n = 58 returned for retesting after 1 year. RESULTS: Most neurophysiological and neurocognitive measures exhibited medium-to-large deficits in schizophrenia, moderate-to-substantial stability across the retest interval, and were independent of fluctuations in clinical status. Clinical symptoms and functional measures also exhibited substantial stability. A Longitudinal Endophenotype Ranking System (LERS was created to rank neurophysiological and neurocognitive biomarkers according to their effect sizes across endophenotype criteria. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of neurophysiological and

  10. Telephone Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    As part of the upgrade of telephone services, the CERN exchange switches will be updated on Thursday 2 June between 7.00 p.m. and midnight. Telephone services may be affected and possibly even disrupted during this operation. 

  11. Registration Service

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    Following a reorganization in Building 55, please note that the Registration Service is now organised as follows :  Ground floor: access cards (76903). 1st floor : registration of external firms’ personnel (76611 / 76622); car access stickers (76633); biometric registration (79710). Opening hours: 07-30 to 16-00 non-stop. GS-SEM Group General Infrastructure Services Department

  12. IT Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Means of delivering value to customers by facilitating outcomes customers want to achieve without the ownership of specific costs and risks. The term 'service' is...

  13. Serviced Living

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU BO

    2006-01-01

    @@ As recently as ten years ago,the term serviced apartment made no sense to most people living in Beijing and residing in hotels was the only options for foreign visitors. But since then, serviced apartments have begun to appear in big cities all around China. In Beijing alone, it is estimated that there are more than 30,000service apartments spread across dozens of properties occupying a space of more than I million square meters. Concentrating in the Financial Street, the Central Business District and Zhongguancun, also known as China's Silicon Valley, the explosion in service apartments in the city continues to be fueled by the influx of overseas and domestic business people.

  14. Transplant services

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007457.htm Transplant services To use the sharing features on this ... are comfortable before, during, and after surgery. Information Transplant surgery is typically done to replace a diseased ...

  15. 液-固-溶液法制备ZnSe:Fe纳米晶及其光学性能研究%Synthesis ZnSe: Fe nanocrystals via liquid-solid-solution method and their optical characterization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凌云; 谢瑞士; 陈强; 肖定全; 朱建国

    2011-01-01

    ZnSe : Fe nanocrystals (NCs).were synthesized by a simple liquid-solid-solution method. The crystalline and optical properties of ZnSe: Fe NCs were characterized by X-ray diffraction ,transmission electron microscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, UV-visible spectrometer and FT-IR spectrometer , respectively. The influence of doping on the optical properties of ZnSe: Fe NCs was investigated. It was found that the ZnSe : Fe NCs are highly crystalline and show zinc blende structure with an average particle size of about 3. 5-4.5 nm. Compared to the pure ZnSe NCs, the ZnSe : Fe NCs exhibited significantly enhanced luminescence properties. The emission band and the intensity of PL emission were all changed when the doping concentration altered. The absorption peak of sample is observed at around 410nm which is blue shifted from the corresponding bulk value, it may be due to quantum size effect. The optical band gap of ZnSe : Fe was calculated using the Tauc relation,it was 3.4eV.%采用液-固-溶液(LSS)法制备了ZnSe:Fe纳米晶,利用X射线粉末衍射(XRD)技术、透射电子显微镜(TEM)、光致发光(PL)谱、紫外-可见吸收(UV-vis)光谱以及傅里叶变换红外(FT-IR)光谱对所制备样品的结构和光学性质进行了表征,研究了掺杂Fe离子对ZnSe纳米晶光学性质的影响规律.实验结果表明所制备的ZnSe:Fe纳米晶为立方闪锌矿结构,粒径在3.5~4.5nm之间,与纯ZnSe相比,ZnSe:Fe纳米晶表现出明显的荧光增强现象,随掺杂Fe离子的浓度的不同,其荧光峰位和强度均有变化.UV-Vis吸收谱表明ZnSe:Fe纳米晶在410nm附近出现吸收峰,与ZnSe体材料相比有明显蓝移,为量子尺寸效应所致.利用Tauc关系计算了ZnSe:Fe纳米晶的能隙,为3.4eV.

  16. Characterization and pharmacology of the GHB receptor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ticku, Maharaj K; Mehta, Ashok K

    2008-10-01

    Radioligand binding using [(3)H]NCS-382, an antagonist of the GHB receptor, revealed specific binding sites in the rat cerebrocortical and hippocampal membranes. Scatchard analysis of saturation isotherms revealed two different populations of binding sites. NCS-382 was about 10 times more potent than GHB in inhibiting [(3)H]NCS-382 binding. A variety of ligands for other receptors did not affect [(3)H]NCS-382 binding. Quantitative autoradiographic analysis of [(3)H]NCS-382 binding revealed similar characteristics. Thus [(3)H]NCS-382, being more potent and selective, offers advantage over [(3)H]GHB as a radioligand. Unlike GHB, several analogues of GHB such as UMB68 (a tertiary alcohol analogue of GHB), UMB86 (4-hydroxy-4-napthylbutanoic acid, sodium salt), UMB72 [4-(3-phenylpropyloxy)butyric acid, sodium salt], UMB73 (4-benzyloxybutyric acid, sodium salt), UMB66 (3-chloropropanoic acid), gamma-hydroxyvaleric acid (that is, GHV, a 4-methyl-substituted analogue of GHB), 3-HPA (3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid), and ethers of 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (UMB108, UMB109, and UMB119) displaced [(3)H]NCS-382 without affecting [(3)H]GABA binding to GABA(B) receptor. Thus these compounds offer an advantage over GHB as an experimental tool. Our study, aimed at exploring the potential involvement of the GHB receptor in the pharmacology of ethanol, indicated that ethanol does not affect [(3)H]NCS-382 binding in the rat brain, thereby suggesting that ethanol does not interact directly with the GHB receptor. Our study, aimed at exploring the involvement of the GHB receptor in the pathology of succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency, which is known to cause elevation of GHB levels, revealed no change in the affinity, receptor density or displacement potency as determined by using [(3)H]NCS-382 as a radioligand in Aldh5a1(-/-) vs. Aldh5a1(+/+) mouse brain.

  17. Service refinement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE JiFeng

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a refinement calculus for service components. We model the behaviour of individual service by a guarded design, which enables one to separate the responsibility of clients from the commitment made by the system, and to iden-tify a component by a set of failures and divergences. Protocols are introduced to coordinate the interactions between a component with the external environment. We adopt the notion of process refinement to formalize the substitutivity of components, and provide a complete proof method based on the notion of simulations.

  18. Detecting Service Chains and Feature Interactions in Sensor-Driven Home Network Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takuya Inada

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Sensor-driven services often cause chain reactions, since one service may generate an environmental impact that automatically triggers another service. We first propose a framework that can formalize and detect such service chains based on ECA (event, condition, action rules. Although the service chain can be a major source of feature interactions, not all service chains lead to harmful interactions. Therefore, we then propose a method that identifies feature interactions within the service chains. Specifically, we characterize the degree of deviation of every service chain by evaluating the gap between expected and actual service states. An experimental evaluation demonstrates that the proposed method successfully detects 11 service chains and 6 feature interactions within 7 practical sensor-driven services.

  19. Innovation in Services: From Service Concepts to Service Experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Fynes, Brian; Lally, Anne Marie

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT Identifying the nature of service experiences is recognised As being of primary importance in the shaping of an enhanced competitive position for industry; however service managers often have difficulty articulating the true nature of their service concept. The definition of service concept is a fundamental part of the strategic advantage seeking Processes of service design, service development and service innovation. In response to the competitive Imperative for improved product/...

  20. Mail Service

    CERN Multimedia

    TS-FM Group

    2004-01-01

    Tuesday 19 October 2004 Please note that the distribution and collection of mail are likely to be disrupted on Tuesday, October 19, 2004, because of traffic and other restrictions enforced on that day in connection with CERN's fiftieth anniversary celebrations. The service may be completely interrupted in certain areas. Group TS-FM, Tel. 77551

  1. PFInancial services

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Briti ettevõttest International Financial Services, mis viib maailmas läbi kampaaniat PPP (Public Private Partnership) ja PFI (Private Finance Initiative) - erasektori ja avaliku sektori vahelise koostöö reklaamimiseks ja edendamiseks. Firma esindajad kohtusid Eesti ametnikega

  2. Refrigeration Servicing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Donald L.; And Others

    This self-study course is designed to familiarize Marine enlisted personnel with the services required to be performed on refrigeration equipment. The course contains four study units. Each study unit begins with a general objective, which is a statement of what the student should learn from the unit. The study units are divided into numbered work…

  3. Documentation Service; Service de Documentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Charnay, J.; Chosson, L.; Croize, M.; Ducloux, A.; Flores, S.; Jarroux, D.; Melka, J.; Morgue, D.; Mottin, C. [Inst. de Physique Nucleaire, Lyon-1 Univ., 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

    1998-12-31

    This service assures the treatment and diffusion of the scientific information and the management of the scientific production of the institute as well as the secretariat operation for the groups and services of the institute. The report on documentation-library section mentions: the management of the documentation funds, search in international databases (INIS, Current Contents, Inspects), Pret-Inter service which allows accessing documents through DEMOCRITE network of IN2P3. As realizations also mentioned are: the setup of a video, photo database, the Web home page of the institute`s library, follow-up of digitizing the document funds by integrating the CD-ROMs and diskettes, electronic archiving of the scientific production, etc 1 fig.

  4. Information Technology Service; Service Informatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ageron, M.; Boninchi, V.; Chartoire, M.; Combroux, A.; Giraud, N.; Jacquet, G.; Lagrange, B.; Malleret, S.; Martin, C.; Mas, J.; Morgue, M.; Ollivier, T. [Inst. de Physique Nucleaire, Lyon-1 Univ., 69 - Villeurbanne (France)

    1998-12-31

    The information technology service works out the choices concerning the information technology systems of general use in the laboratory: computers, network, peripherals, workstations, software. It intervenes at the same time in the definition of the procedures and equipment specific to the research groups. The entire data acquisition is centralized by the service. The personnel is sharing the following two large directions of activities: - management of information technology park (setup, configuration and maintenance of the materials and soft ensemble, training and assistance afforded to users); - participation in software projects either in elaboration of applications or in realization and maintenance of specific tools

  5. Dosimetry Service

    CERN Multimedia

    Dosimetry Service

    2005-01-01

    Please remember to read your dosimeter at least once every month. A regular read-out is indispensable to ensure periodic monitoring of your personal dose. You must read your dosimeter even if you have not visited the controlled areas. Film badges are no longer valid at CERN and holders of film badges are no longer allowed to enter the controlled radiation areas or work with a source. Dosimetry Service Tel. 72155 http://cern.ch/rp-dosimetry

  6. AAS Career Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvel, Kevin B.

    2012-08-01

    The American Astronomical Society provides substantial programs in the area of Career Services.Motivated by the Society's mission to enhance and share humanity's understanding of the Universe, the AAS provides a central resource for advertising positions, interviewing opportunities at its annual winter meeting and information, workshops and networks to enable astronomers to find employment.The programs of the Society in this area are overseen by an active committee on employment and the AAS Council itself.Additional resources that help characterize the field, its growth and facts about employment such as salaries and type of jobs available are regularly summarized and reported on by the American Institute of Physics.

  7. Using Service Scenarios to Model Business Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Lars

    The purpose of the paper is to present and evaluate the notion of service scenarios. A service is work done by a service executor in interaction with a service consumer. A service scenario is a model of a service system and the roles that are played by the actors participating and interacting dur...... of a case study in a public library. The case study indicates that service systems should be understood as socio-technical systems in which service executors and service consumers co-create value in mutual interaction with each other and with a set of shared resources....

  8. Broadcast satellite service: The international dimension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samara, Noah

    1991-09-01

    The dawn of the 1990's has witnessed the birth of a new satellite service - satellite sound broadcasting. This new service is characterized by digital transmission at data rates up to 256 kb/s from satellites in geostationary orbit to small, low-cost, mobile and portable receivers. The satellite sound broadcasting service is a logical step beyond navigation satellite service, such as that provided by the GPS Navstar system. The mass market appeal of satellite sound broadcasting in the area of lightsat technology and low-cost digital radios has greatly facilitated the financing of this type of space service.

  9. Service registry design: an information service approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferreira Pires, Luis; Oostrum, van Arjen; Wijnhoven, Fons; Wang, J.

    2010-01-01

    A service registry is a Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) component that keeps a ‘catalogue’ of available services. It stores service specifications so that these specifications can be found by potential users. Discussions on the design of service registries currently focus on technical issues, wh

  10. Syntheses, crystal structure, spectroscopic characterization and antifungal activity of new N-R-sulfonyldithiocarbimate metal complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Leandro C; Rubinger, Mayura M M; Lindemann, Renata H; Perpétuo, Genivaldo J; Janczak, Jan; Miranda, Liany D L; Zambolim, Laércio; Oliveira, Marcelo R L

    2009-07-01

    Five new compounds with the general formula of (Bu(4)N)(2)[M(RSO(2)NCS(2))(2)], where Bu(4)N=tetrabutylammonium cation, (M=Ni, R=4-FC(6)H(4)) (1), (M=Zn, R=4-FC(6)H(4), 4-ClC(6)H(4), 4-BrC(6)H(4), 4-IC(6)H(4)), (2), (3), (4) and (5), respectively, were obtained by the reaction of the appropriate potassium N-R-sulfonyldithiocarbimate (RSO(2)N=CS(2)K(2)) with nickel(II) chloride hexahydrate or zinc(II) acetate dihydrate in metanol:water 1:1. The elemental analyses and the IR data are consistent with the formation of the expected bis(dithiocarbimato)metal(II) complexes. The (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra showed the signals for the tetrabutylammonium cation and the dithiocarbimate moieties. The compounds 1, 2 and 5 were also characterized by X-ray diffraction techniques. The nickel(II) is coordinated by two N-4-fluorophenylsulphonyldithiocarbimato(2-) ligands forming a planar coordination. The zinc(II) exhibits distorted tetrahedral configuration in compounds 2 and 5 due to the chelation effect of two sulfur atoms of the N-R-sulfonyldithiocarbimate ligands. The antifungal activities of the compounds were tested in vitro against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, an important fungus that causes the plant disease known as anthracnose in fruit trees. All the complexes were active.

  11. Synthesis and characterization of silver/talc nanocomposites using the wet chemical reduction method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shameli, Kamyar; Ahmad, Mansor Bin; Yunus, Wan Zin Wan; Ibrahim, Nor Azowa; Darroudi, Majid

    2010-10-05

    In this study, silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were synthesized using the wet chemical reduction method on the external surface layer of talc mineral as a solid support. Silver nitrate and sodium borohydride were used as the silver precursor and reducing agent in talc. The talc was suspended in aqueous AgNO(3) solution. After the absorption of Ag(+) on the surface, the ions were reduced with NaBH(4). The interlamellar space limits were without many changes (d(s) = 9.34-9.19 A(º)); therefore, Ag-NPs formed on the exterior surface of talc, with d(ave) = 7.60-13.11 nm in diameter. The properties of Ag/talc nanocomposites (Ag/talc-NCs) and the diameters of the Ag-NPs prepared in this way depended on the primary AgNO(3) concentration. The prepared Ag-NPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared. These Ag/talc-NCs may have potential applications in the chemical and biological industries.

  12. Synthesis and characterization of silver/talc nanocomposites using the wet chemical reduction method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamyar Shameli

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Kamyar Shameli1, Mansor Bin Ahmad1, Wan Zin Wan Yunus1, Nor Azowa Ibrahim1, Majid Darroudi21Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, 2Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, MalaysiaAbstract: In this study, silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs were synthesized using the wet chemical reduction method on the external surface layer of talc mineral as a solid support. Silver nitrate and sodium borohydride were used as the silver precursor and reducing agent in talc. The talc was suspended in aqueous AgNO3 solution. After the absorption of Ag+ on the surface, the ions were reduced with NaBH4. The interlamellar space limits were without many changes (ds = 9.34–9.19 Aº; therefore, Ag-NPs formed on the exterior surface of talc, with dave = 7.60–13.11 nm in diameter. The properties of Ag/talc nanocomposites (Ag/talc-NCs and the diameters of the Ag-NPs prepared in this way depended on the primary AgNO3 concentration. The prepared Ag-NPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared. These Ag/talc-NCs may have potential applications in the chemical and biological industries.Keywords: nanocomposites, silver nanoparticles, talc, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy

  13. Synthesis and Characterization of DNase 1-Stabilized Gold Nanoclusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    biomolecule , and toxic synthesis protocols. For example, organic dyes such as fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) green and diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI...we present a new approach for biomolecule mediated synthesis of AuNCs. We have for the first time used DNase 1 to synthesize AuNCs of multiple

  14. Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport- Demonstration of Approach and Results on Used Fuel Performance Characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adkins, Harold [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Geelhood, Ken [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Koeppel, Brian [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Coleman, Justin [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Bignell, John [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Flores, Gregg [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wang, Jy-An [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Sanborn, Scott [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Spears, Robert [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Klymyshyn, Nick [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2013-09-30

    This document addresses Oak Ridge National Laboratory milestone M2FT-13OR0822015 Demonstration of Approach and Results on Used Nuclear Fuel Performance Characterization. This report provides results of the initial demonstration of the modeling capability developed to perform preliminary deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of transport (NCT) conditions. This report also provides results from the sensitivity studies that have been performed. Finally, discussion on the long-term goals and objectives of this initiative are provided.

  15. Proposal of a methodology to be applied for the characterization of external exposure risk of employees in nuclear medicine services; Proposta de uma metodologia para caracterizacao de risco de exposicao externa de funcionarios de servicos de medicina nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simoes, Rafael Figueiredo Pohlmann

    2010-07-01

    Nuclear medicine procedure requires the administration of radioactive material by injection, ingestion or inhalation. After incorporation, the patient becomes a mobile source of radiation and, after their examination; they can irradiate everyone on their way out of the Nuclear Medicine Service (NMS). A group of workers in this path is considered a critical group, but there are no conviction on this classification, because there are not measurements available. Thus, workers claiming for occupationally exposed individual's (OEI) rights are common. Employers are always in a complex situation, because if they decided to undertake the individual external monitoring of the critical working groups, the Court considers all as OEI and employers are taxed. On the other hand, if they do not provide monitoring, it is impossible to prove that these workers were not exposed to effective doses higher than individual annual public's limit and they lose the actions, too. This work proposes a methodology to evaluate, using TLD environmental monitors, air kerma rate at critical staff points in a NMS. This method provides relevant information about critical groups' exposure. From these results, the clinic or hospital may prove technically, without individual monitoring of employees, the classification of areas and can estimate the maximum flow of patients in the free areas which guarantees exposures below the public individual dose limit. This methodology has been applied successfully to a private clinic in Rio de Janeiro, which operates a NMS. The only critical group that received exposure statistically different from clinic background radiation was that on the antechamber of the NMS. This is a site that should be characterized as a supervised area and the group of workers in this environment as OEI, as the estimated extrapolated annual effective dose in this position was 1.2 +- 0.7 mSv/year, above the public annual limit (1,0 mSv/year). Normalizing by the number of

  16. Characterization of admitted patients with cervicofacial inflammatory process in the Maxilo facial surgery service. Caracterización de pacientes ingresados con procesos inflamatorios cérvico-faciales en el servicio de cirugia maxilofacial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Romero Rodríguez

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Fundament: Cervico-facial inflammatory processes constituyen an important health problem and not to treat them since its onset could cause associated complications that could be fatal for the health of the patient. Objective: To characterize the patients with inflammatory processes who were admitted at the Maxillo-Facial service in Cienfuegos province. Method: Descriptive study that included all the patients admitted because of cervico-inflammatory processes from January 2001 to December 2003 in Cienfuegos. The variables under study were: Age, sex, data related with the disease under study, signs and symptoms on admission, applied treatment, complications, follow up and hospital stay. Results: The odontogenous processes are the most frequent and within these those caused by caries. The widespread of the process to other regions, fever, malaise and trismus were the predominant symptoms. The main cause of admission was the inadequate treatment in the initial period of the disease.

    Fundamento: Los procesos inflamatorios cérvico-faciales constituyen un importante problema de salud, no tratarlos correctamente desde sus inicios provocaría complicaciones asociadas que pueden resultar fatales para la vida de los pacientes. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con procesos inflamatorios que ingresaron en el Servicio de Cirugía Máxilo-Facial en la provincia de Cienfuegos. Método: Estudio descriptivo que incluyó todos los pacientes ingresados por procesos inflamatorios cérvico-faciales desde enero del 2001 al 31 de diciembre del 2003 en Cienfuegos. Se estudiaron las variables: edad y sexo, datos relacionados con la afección objeto de estudio, signos y síntomas al ingreso, tratamiento aplicado, complicaciones, evolución y la estadía hospitalaria. Resultados: Los grupos etáreos jóvenes predominaron en

  17. Enabling Routes as Context in Mobile Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brilingaite, Agne; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Zokaite, Nora

    2004-01-01

    With the continuing advances in wireless communications, geo-positioning, and portable electronics, an infrastructure is emerging that enables the delivery of on-line, location-enabled services to very large numbers of mobile users. A typical usage situation for mobile services is one characterized...... along with their usage patterns and that makes the accumulated routes available to services. Experiences from using the component with real GPS logs are reported....

  18. The Service Utility Model in Service Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yan; ZHOU Wen-an; SONG Jun-de

    2005-01-01

    Aiming to provide a measurable service Quality of Service (QoS) evaluating method for service inventory management, this paper proposes a new mobile Service Utility Model (SUM), considers the service and business layer elements into the service utility influence profile, and proposes an self-adaptive service inventory management algorithm as a QoS control scheme based on SUM. It can be concluded from the simulation result that the service inventory utility can be fully reflected by SUM and the whole system efficiency is greatly increased by using SUM as the adaptive rule.

  19. Dosimetry Service

    CERN Multimedia

    Dosimetry Service

    2005-01-01

    Please remember to read your dosimeter every month at least once and preferably during the first week. A regular read-out is indispensable in order to ensure a periodic monitoring of the personal dose. You should read your dosimeter even if you have not visited the controlled areas. If you still have the old dosimeter (film badge), please send it immediately for evaluation to us (Bdg 24 E-011). After January 2005 there will be no developing process for the old film system. Information for Contractors: Please remember also to bring the form ‘Confirm Reception of a CERN Dosimeter' signed with ‘Feuille d'enregistrement du CERN'. Without these forms the dosimeter cannot be assigned. Thank you for your cooperation. Dosimetry Service Tel 767 2155 http://cern.ch/rp-dosimetry

  20. Fairness as a QoS Measure for Web Services

    CERN Document Server

    Bistarelli, Stefano; 10.4204/EPTCS.2.9

    2009-01-01

    Service Oriented Architectures (SOAs) are component-based architectures, characterized by reusability, modularization and composition, usually offered by HTTP (web services) and often equipped with a Quality of Services (QoS) measure. In order to guarantee the fairness property to each client requesting a service, we propose a fair version of the (Soft) Concurrent Constraint language to deal with the negotiation phases of the Service Level Agreement (SLA) protocol.

  1. From theoretical to actual ecosystem services: mapping beneficiaries and spatial flows in ecosystem service assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Villa, Ferdinando; Batker, David; Harrison-Cox, Jennifer; Voigt, Brian; Johnson, Gary W.

    2014-01-01

    Ecosystem services mapping and modeling has focused more on supply than demand, until recently. Whereas the potential provision of economic benefits from ecosystems to people is often quantified through ecological production functions, the use of and demand for ecosystem services has received less attention, as have the spatial flows of services from ecosystems to people. However, new modeling approaches that map and quantify service-specific sources (ecosystem capacity to provide a service), sinks (biophysical or anthropogenic features that deplete or alter service flows), users (user locations and level of demand), and spatial flows can provide a more complete understanding of ecosystem services. Through a case study in Puget Sound, Washington State, USA, we quantify and differentiate between the theoretical or in situ provision of services, i.e., ecosystems’ capacity to supply services, and their actual provision when accounting for the location of beneficiaries and the spatial connections that mediate service flows between people and ecosystems. Our analysis includes five ecosystem services: carbon sequestration and storage, riverine flood regulation, sediment regulation for reservoirs, open space proximity, and scenic viewsheds. Each ecosystem service is characterized by different beneficiary groups and means of service flow. Using the ARtificial Intelligence for Ecosystem Services (ARIES) methodology we map service supply, demand, and flow, extending on simpler approaches used by past studies to map service provision and use. With the exception of the carbon sequestration service, regions that actually provided services to people, i.e., connected to beneficiaries via flow paths, amounted to 16-66% of those theoretically capable of supplying services, i.e., all ecosystems across the landscape. These results offer a more complete understanding of the spatial dynamics of ecosystem services and their effects, and may provide a sounder basis for economic

  2. From theoretical to actual ecosystem services: mapping beneficiaries and spatial flows in ecosystem service assessments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth J. Bagstad

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ecosystem services mapping and modeling has focused more on supply than demand, until recently. Whereas the potential provision of economic benefits from ecosystems to people is often quantified through ecological production functions, the use of and demand for ecosystem services has received less attention, as have the spatial flows of services from ecosystems to people. However, new modeling approaches that map and quantify service-specific sources (ecosystem capacity to provide a service, sinks (biophysical or anthropogenic features that deplete or alter service flows, users (user locations and level of demand, and spatial flows can provide a more complete understanding of ecosystem services. Through a case study in Puget Sound, Washington State, USA, we quantify and differentiate between the theoretical or in situ provision of services, i.e., ecosystems' capacity to supply services, and their actual provision when accounting for the location of beneficiaries and the spatial connections that mediate service flows between people and ecosystems. Our analysis includes five ecosystem services: carbon sequestration and storage, riverine flood regulation, sediment regulation for reservoirs, open space proximity, and scenic viewsheds. Each ecosystem service is characterized by different beneficiary groups and means of service flow. Using the ARtificial Intelligence for Ecosystem Services (ARIES methodology we map service supply, demand, and flow, extending on simpler approaches used by past studies to map service provision and use. With the exception of the carbon sequestration service, regions that actually provided services to people, i.e., connected to beneficiaries via flow paths, amounted to 16-66% of those theoretically capable of supplying services, i.e., all ecosystems across the landscape. These results offer a more complete understanding of the spatial dynamics of ecosystem services and their effects, and may provide a sounder basis for

  3. Rehabilitation and Prosthetic Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Service » Prosthetic & Sensory Aids Service (PSAS) Rehabilitation and Prosthetic Services Menu Menu Rehabilitation and Prosthetics Rehabilitation and ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Prosthetic & Sensory Aids Service (PSAS) Our Mission The mission ...

  4. HEALTHCARE: A COMPLEX SERVICE SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    James M. TIEN; Pascal J. GOLDSCHMIDT-CLERMONT

    2009-01-01

    Healthcare is indeed a complex service system, one requiring the technobiology approach of systems engineering to underpin its development as an integrated and adaptive system. In general, healthcare services are carried out with knowledge-intensive agents or components which work together as providers and consumers to create or co-produce value. Indeed, the engineering design of a healthcare system must recognize the fact that it is actually a complex integration of human-centered activities that is increasingly dependent on information technology and knowledge. Like any service system, healthcare can be considered to be a combination or recombination of three essential components-people (characterized by behaviors, values, knowledge, etc.), processes (characterized by collaboration, customization, etc.) and products (characterized by software, hardware, infrastructures, etc.). Thus, a healthcare system is an integrated and adaptive set of people, processes and products. It is, in essence, a system of systems which objectives are to enhance its efficiency (leading to greater interdependency) and effectiveness (leading to improved health). Integration occurs over the physical, temporal, organizational and functional dimensions, while adaptation occurs over the monitoring, feedback, cybernetic and learning dimensions. In sum, such service systems as healthcare are indeed complex, especially due to the uncertainties associated with the human-centered aspects of these systems. Moreover, the system complexities can only be dealt with methods that enhance system integration and adaptation.

  5. The service Ouroboros: Designing personas service cycles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudiksen, Sune Klok; Brandt, Eva

    2014-01-01

    Many companies investigate new business opportunities in a turn from product to service design. As service offerings expand over time and space, such notions as ‘customer journey’ or ‘service blueprint’ have been suggested to grasp and design the nature of the emergent services. However, we find...... that there is room for improve ment on two levels. First, customer journeys and service blueprint tools could benefit from an empathic customer understanding; that is the design of customer - specific services. Secondly, the existing customer journey and service blueprint tools are less concerned with the cyclic...... nature of services,by which we mean the dynamics of a customer relationship and its development over time. We report findings from collaborative workshops, in which we challenged two companies to try a new concept and tool we call ‘The service Ouroboros’. We suggest it as a more appropriate way to design...

  6. Towards a commitment-based reference ontology for services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nardi, Julio Cesar; Almeida Falbo, de Ricardo; Almeida, João Paolo A.; Guizzardi, Giancarlo; Ferreira Pires, Luis; Sinderen, van Marten J.; Guarino, Nicola; Gasevic, D.; Hatala, M.; Motahari Nezhad, H.R.; Reichert, M.U.

    2013-01-01

    The concept of “service” has been characterized by different disciplines and authors from various points of view. The variety of characterizations reveals that this notion, although an intuitive one, is far from trivial. Given the importance of services in enterprise computing and Service Science in

  7. Sol-Gel Synthesis and Characterizations of CoMoO4 Nanoparticles: An Efficient Photocatalytic Degradation of 4-Chlorophenol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umapathy, V; Neeraja, P

    2016-03-01

    Cobalt molybdate CoMoO4 nanoparticles (NPs) were successfully synthesized using cobalt nitrate, ammonium molybdate, citric acid and ethyl cellulose by a simple sol-gel method. Structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties of the obtained powder were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, high resolution scanning electron microscope (HR-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence (PL) spectra and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). XRD results indicated that the resultant powder was pure single phase crystalline with monoclinic structure. FT-IR spectra indicate the type of bonds between metals and oxygen. HR-SEM images shows that the morphology of the powder consist with well defined nanoparticles (NPs) structure. VSM results showed antiferromagnetic behavior. Photo-catalytic activity of CoMoO4 nanoparticles (NPs) was performed. The addition of TiO2 catalyst enhanced the photo-catalytic activity of CoMoO4 nanoparticles (NPs). The catalysts CoMoO4, Ti02 and mixed oxide catalyst CoMoO4-TiO2 nano- composites (NCs) were tested for the photo-catalytic degradation (PCD) of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP). It was found that the PCD efficiency of CoMoO4-TiO2 NCs was higher (97.5%) than that of pure CoMoO4 (88.0%) and TiO2 (94.0%) catalysts.

  8. Synthesis and Characterization of Fe₂(MoO₄)₃Nano-Photocatalyst by Simple Sol-Gel Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umapathy, V; Manikandan, A; Ramu, P; Antony, S Arul; Neeraja, P

    2016-01-01

    Ferric molybdate (Fe₂(MoO₄)₃) nanorods (NRs) were successfully synthesized using metal nitrates, citric acid and ethyl cellulose by a simple sol-gel method. Structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties of the obtained powder were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, high resolution scanning electron microscope (HR-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence (PL) spectra and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). XRD results indicated that the resultant powder was pure single phase crystalline with monoclinic structure. FT-IR spectra indicate the type of bonds between metals and oxygen. HR-SEM images shows that the morphology of the powder consist with well defined nanorods (NRs) structure. VSM results showed ferromagnetic behavior. The addition of TiO₂ catalyst, it enhanced the photo-catalytic activity of Fe₂(MoO₄)₃. The mixed oxide catalyst of Fe₂(MoO₄)₃-TiO₂ nano-composites (NCs) were also tested for the photocatalytic degradation (PCD) of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP). It was found that the PCD efficiency of Fe₂(MoO₄)₃ NCs is higher than pure Fe₂(MoO₄)₃ and TiO₂ catalysts.

  9. Facile route to SnS nanocrystals and their characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koktysh, Dmitry S., E-mail: dmitry.koktysh@vanderbilt.edu [Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Station B 351822, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Station B 350106, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); McBride, James R. [Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Station B 351822, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Station B 350106, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Geil, Robert D. [Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Station B 350106, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B 351604, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Schmidt, Benjamin W. [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B 351604, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Rogers, Bridget R. [Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Station B 350106, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B 351604, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Rosenthal, Sandra J. [Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Station B 351822, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Station B 350106, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B 351604, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, 1807 Station B, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, 1211 Medical Center Drive, Nashville, TN 37232 (United States)

    2010-06-15

    SnS nanocrystals (NCs) were synthesized in oleylamine using the hot-injection technique from tin(II) chloride and diethylammonium diethyldithiocarbamate in the presence of dodecanethiol. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analysis revealed the formation of single crystalline SnS NCs with sizes finely controlled by synthetic conditions. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) investigation confirmed the formation of SnS in a nearly stoichiometric ratio with additional evidence of the SnS NCs surface oxidation when NCs were stored in the air. Optical absorption measurements showed a shift in band gap energy of SnS NCs towards larger values with decreasing particle sizes. SnS NCs were successfully transferred into water using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and Vitamin E as surfactants. These VIS/NIR absorbing SnS NCs should have widespread applications in the construction of efficient photoelectronic devices and probes in bioimaging due to their unique optoelectronic properties and low toxicity.

  10. Service co-innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Sundbo, Jon; Sundbo, Donna

    of studies of the degree of satisfaction of the users with the services in the service encounters and studies that examine service innovation processes. The paper is based on research conducted in 21 service delivery situations in as many service companies. Drivers of and barriers to encounterbased service......This paper examines the factors affecting the innovativeness of service encounters. The assumption is that a considerable share of innovations in service industries is initiated in the service encounters. The theoretical foundation of this paper builds on a combination of research tradition...... innovation and a model are presented. The conclusion is that employees are the core factor in connecting customers with the innovating organization....

  11. Preparation and characterization of activated carbon fiber (ACF) from cotton woven waste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jieying; Zhao, Quanlin; Ye, Zhengfang

    2014-04-01

    In this study, the activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were prepared using cotton woven waste as precursor. The cotton woven waste was first partly dissolved by 80% phosphoric acid and then was pre-soaked in 7.5% diammonium hydrogen phosphate solution. Finally, carbonization and activation were proceeded to get ACF. The optimum preparation conditions, including carbonization temperature, carbonization time, activation temperature and activation time, were chosen by orthogonal design. Nitrogen adsorption/desorption test was conducted to characterize the prepared ACF's pore structure. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) were employed to characterize its chemical properties and morphology. Adsorption of oilfield wastewater was used to evaluate its adsorption properties. The results show that the prepared ACF is in the form of fiber, with the sectional diameters of 11.7 × 2.6 μm and the surface area of 789 m2/g. XPS results show that carbon concentration of the prepared ACF is higher than that of the commercial ACF. When the prepared ACF dosage is 6 g/L, over 80% of COD and over 70% of chrominance can be removed after 24 h of adsorption at 18 °C. We demonstrated the catalytic growth of m-axial InxGa1-xN (0.10 ≤ x ≤ 0.17) nanocolumn arrays with high crystallinity on silicon substrates using metal-organic chemical vapor deposition with trimethylindium (TMIn), triethylgallium (TEGa), and ammonia as precursors. The high quality of InGaN nanocolumns (NCs) were believed to be due to the utilization of TEGa that achieved less carbon impurities and offered more comparable vapor pressure with that of TMIn at low temperature. In addition, these NCs were grown in non-polar m-axis, which the internal electric field of the InGaN that often deteriorates the device performances might be able to be eliminated. Furthermore, the bandgap of this InGaN can be modulated from

  12. 76 FR 4393 - Discover Financial Services Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... Discover Financial Services Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION... Financial Services negotiated service agreement to the market dominant product list. This notice addresses... 3020, et seq., to add a Discover Financial Services (DFS) negotiated service agreement to the...

  13. Marketing Youth Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimick, Barbara

    1995-01-01

    Marketing techniques in youth services are useful for designing programs, collections, and services and for determining customer needs. The marketing mix--product, place, price, and practice--provides a framework for service analysis. (AEF)

  14. ServiceNow

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — A cloud based service for creating a single system of record for all types of business services used by OCIO. Service Now applications are built on a single platform...

  15. INTANGIBLE SERVICES IN MODERN POSTINDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Vitrenko

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals about main features of the post-industrial society and the increasing importance of services, especially the intangible services, in modern economics system. As we can see, in the leading countries of the world, which are the locomotive of the world economy and in the countries that have built their growth on the principles of intellectualization of production and services play a key role in the GDP formation. The expansion of service delivery in these countries was based on a qualitative changes in the production structure and qualitative changes in human society, the principles of its organization and functioning, and the increasing role of human intellectual activity, high education level, increasing average income per capita and high social standards. In the present world economic literature, this situation is characterized by the term ‘Services Revolution’ (Bell, 1972. This is mainly typical for postindustrial society. The definition “service” is interpreted in different ways, that is leading to differences of opinion, inconsistency, ambiguity in the interpretation, diversity of definition. This is primarily due to the fact – services are diverse and numerous, and secondly every scientist defines the essence of the service concept depending on the subject area of the research. Therefore, it is necessary to consider alternative views on services in global economic theory, it will enable us to determine the nature of service and separate special kind of service – namely intangible service as actual category of the current economic system. We can formulate the following definition of services as a special good, service – a special intangible product that is included in the process of production and circulation in the form of a special useful effect from manufacturer on purpose to meet the unique consumer needs (usually intangible. In the post-industrial society occur the processes of transformation of material

  16. Knowledge Service Engineering Handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Kantola, Jussi

    2012-01-01

    Covering the emerging field of knowledge service engineering, this groundbreaking handbook outlines how to acquire and utilize knowledge in the 21st century. Drawn on the expertise of the founding faculty member of the world's first university knowledge engineering service department, this book describes what knowledge services engineering means and how it is different from service engineering and service production. Presenting multiple cultural aspects including US, Finnish, and Korean, this handbook provides engineering, systemic, industry, and consumer use viewpoints to knowledge service sy

  17. DSI: Distributed Service Integration for Service Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG GuangWen(杨广文); SHI ShuMing(史树明); WANG DingXing(王鼎兴); HUANG QiFeng(黄启锋); LIU XueZheng(刘学铮)

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents DSI, a distributed service discovery and integration utility for service grid. The goal of DSI is efficiently to improve service publishing, deletion and lookup,decentralized control, scalability, and availability. DSI comprises a logically global metadata pool and a double-layered DHT (Distributed Hash Table). Efficient service publishing and lookup are achieved by adopting DHT. Clean service deletion is guaranteed by time-stamping. And system availability is improved by replication combined with automatic indexer selection. Experiments show that DSI can achieve short response time, low processing cost and high availability.

  18. Central Laboratories Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The TVA Central Laboratories Services is a comprehensive technical support center, offering you a complete range of scientific, engineering, and technical services....

  19. Waste generator services implementation plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mousseau, J.; Magleby, M.; Litus, M.

    1998-04-01

    Recurring waste management noncompliance problems have spurred a fundamental site-wide process revision to characterize and disposition wastes at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. The reengineered method, termed Waste Generator Services, will streamline the waste acceptance process and provide waste generators comprehensive waste management services through a single, accountable organization to manage and disposition wastes in a timely, cost-effective, and compliant manner. This report outlines the strategy for implementing Waste Generator Services across the INEEL. It documents the culmination of efforts worked by the LMITCO Environmental Management Compliance Reengineering project team since October 1997. These efforts have included defining problems associated with the INEEL waste management process; identifying commercial best management practices; completing a review of DOE Complex-wide waste management training requirements; and involving others through an Integrated Process Team approach to provide recommendations on process flow, funding/charging mechanisms, and WGS organization. The report defines the work that will be performed by Waste Generator Services, the organization and resources, the waste acceptance process flow, the funding approach, methods for measuring performance, and the implementation schedule and approach. Field deployment will occur first at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant in June 1998. Beginning in Fiscal Year 1999, Waste Generator Services will be deployed at the other major INEEL facilities in a phased approach, with implementation completed by March 1999.

  20. The service of public services performance management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    . In this perspective, public service performance measurement is regarded as a means of providing public assurance. As such, it has a link to the concepts of accountability and quality management. A second perspective conceptualizes public service performance management as a response to absence of competition...... markets to safeguard their interests. Finally, a third perspective views public service performance measurement as an agent of public service improvement. Some scholars (fx. Boyne 2003; Boyne et al., 2010) have linked public service performance measurement to the interest in public service improvement...... of critiques which suggest that public service performance measurement may in fact have no significant impact or even lead to negative effects on performance. Most notably, Michael Powers (1997, 2003) have argued that performance measurement serves as “rituals of verification” which promotes the interests...

  1. Economic viewpoints on ecosystem services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Silvis, H.J.; Heide, van der C.M.

    2013-01-01

    to help determine the different values of ecosystems. Ecosystem services are usually divided into four categories: provisioning services, regulating services, cultural services and habitat services (previously denoted as supporting services). This overview highlights economic theories about ecosyste

  2. Services in innovation - Innovation in services

    OpenAIRE

    Hauknes, Johan

    1998-01-01

    There has been a considerable gap between efforts to understand innovation and other change processes, and ongoing structural changes in national economies. The SI4S project has aimed at developing concepts, empirical evidence and proposals for practical action concerning the role of services in European innovation systems. The general objectives were to map, understand and analyse the changing role of services and service innovations as users, carriers, shapers and sources of innovations in ...

  3. Contracting out local services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Houlberg, Kurt; Ring Christensen, Lasse

    2015-01-01

    Governments face a fundamental choice between in-house production and contracting out for the delivery of services to citizens. This article examines the importance of ideology, fiscal pressure, and size for contracting out in technical and social services. The analysis builds on a panel data set...... covering municipal spending on services in all 98 Danish municipalities. The authors find that contracting out is shaped by ideology in social services but not in technical services, which indicates that social services are the contemporary ideological battlefield of privatization. The analysis further...... reveals that economically prosperous municipalities are more likely to contract out social services, whereas contracting out of technical services is not influenced by economic affluence. Finally, larger municipalities contract out more in technical services but less in social services, demonstrating...

  4. Service Systems Implementation

    CERN Document Server

    Demirkan, Haluk; Krishna, Vikas

    2011-01-01

    Service Systems Implementation provides the latest applications and practices aimed at improving the key performance indicators of service systems, especially those related to service quality, service productivity, regulatory compliance, and sustainable service innovation. The book presents action-oriented, application-oriented, design science-oriented (artifacts building: constructs, models, methods and instantiations) and case study-oriented research with actionable results by illustrating techniques that can be employed in large scale, real world examples. The case studies will help visuali

  5. Web Service Assurance: The Notion and the Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atousa Pahlevan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Web service technology provides basic infrastructure for deploying collaborative business processes. Web Service security standards and protocols aim to provide secure communication and conversation between service providers and consumers. Still, for a client calling a Web service it is difficult to ascertain that a particular service instance satisfies—at execution time—specific non-functional properties. In this paper we introduce the notion of certified Web service assurance, characterizing how service consumers can specify the set of security properties that a service should satisfy. Also, we illustrate a mechanism to re-check non-functional properties when the execution context changes. To this end, we introduce the concept of context-aware certificate, and describe a dynamic, context-aware service discovery environment.

  6. Multimedia services in intelligent environments recommendation services

    CERN Document Server

    Virvou, Maria; Jain, Lakhmi

    2013-01-01

    Multimedia services are now commonly used in various activities in the daily lives of humans. Related application areas include services that allow access to large depositories of information, digital libraries, e-learning and e-education, e-government and e-governance, e-commerce and e-auctions, e-entertainment, e-health and e-medicine, and e-legal services, as well as their mobile counterparts (i.e., m-services). Despite the tremendous growth of multimedia services over the recent years, there is an increasing demand for their further development. This demand is driven by the ever-increasing desire of society for easy accessibility to information in friendly, personalized and adaptive environments. In this book at hand, we examine recent Recommendation Services. Recommendation services appear in the mobile environment, medicine/biology, tourism, education, and so on. The book includes ten chapters, which present various recently developed recommendation services. This research book is directed to professors...

  7. Key aspects of logistics services audit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.V. Gaidabrus

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. Aim of the article is to characterize the logistics audit essence, to form main stages of the logistic service audit and to observe informational providing of these stages, to characterize behavior model concerning logistic service factors analysis. The results of the analysis. The given work deals with logistic audit value and its essence, which is determined as representing sources of the spare logistic expenses and investigates plan for further actions concerning development or withdrawal of the logistic service components in order to find optimal ratio between its level and proper expenses. Also the main stages of logistic service audit are provided as following: collection and processing information, which is necessary to calculate logistic service estimation factors; estimation the logistic service real state; creation factors positions trimeric matrix for logistic service estimation; determination the logistic service factors, requiring fast development or immediate leaving; searching optimal level of expenses for logistic service considering its desirable level. Also informational support of these stages is provided in the article, which includes internal reporting of the enterprise: financial and statistic reporting data; personal observation and market study data, analytics, results of the experts’ evaluations; factors of the logistic service and costs for their support or improvement; factors positions trimeric matrix for logistic service estimation. Also author characterizes in details behavior model concerning logistic service factors analysis, which includes trimeric decision making matrix. Having analyzed the matrix, one may define which elements of the logistic service are necessary to move, develop or support immediately or gradually. All factors on the matrix are located by three axes: logistic service element of the estimation factor weight (it takes the value 0-1; estimation of the logistic service

  8. IT Service Management Architectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Filtenborg, Jacob

    2017-01-01

    IT service providers tend to view their services as quasi-embedded in the client organisations infrastructure. Therefore, IT service providers lack a full picture of being an organisation with its own enterprise archicture. By systematically developing an enterprise architecture using the unifica......IT service providers tend to view their services as quasi-embedded in the client organisations infrastructure. Therefore, IT service providers lack a full picture of being an organisation with its own enterprise archicture. By systematically developing an enterprise architecture using...

  9. New Service Status Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    On Monday 14 October, the Service Status Board for GS and IT will change. The new Status Board will be integrated with the CERN Service Portal and with the CERN Service Catalogue.   As of today, the SSB will display “Service Incidents”, “Planned Interventions” and “Service Changes”. References valid from 14 October: CERN SSB at https://cern.ch/ssb Computing SSB (previously IT SSB) at https://cern.ch/itssb   Nicole Cremel, IT and GS Service Management Support

  10. Web services foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Bouguettaya, Athman; Daniel, Florian

    2013-01-01

    Web services and Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) have become thriving areas of academic research, joint university/industry research projects, and novel IT products on the market. SOC is the computing paradigm that uses Web services as building blocks for the engineering of composite, distributed applications out of the reusable application logic encapsulated by Web services. Web services could be considered the best-known and most standardized technology in use today for distributed computing over the Internet.Web Services Foundations is the first installment of a two-book collection coverin

  11. Information services directory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-01-01

    Congress passed the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) and its amendments establishing the National policy for safely storing, transporting and disposing of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in a geologic repository. This legislation created the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) within the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop an integrated system for the safe and efficient disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The NWPA, as amended, directs DOE to study in detail the Yucca Mountain site in Nevada as the only candidate site for the Nation`s geologic repository. In Nevada, the DOE/OCRWM Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Office (YMPO) manages scientific investigations to determine the suitability of Yucca Mountain for effectively isolating radioactive waste from the public and the environment. This Information Services Directory is intended to facilitate dissemination of information. The Directory is produced by the Education and Information Division of OCRWM`s Office of External Relations and will be updated periodically. This is the third such update since its issuance in August 1986. It is a reference document that lists the sources of program information available to States, Indian Tribes and the public.

  12. Medical Virtual Public Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulia SURUGIU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The healthcare enterprises are very disconnected. This paper intends to propose a solution that will provide citizens, businesses and medical enterprises with improved access to medical virtual public services. Referred medical services are based on existing national medical Web services and which support medically required services provided by physicians and supplementary health care practitioners, laboratory services and diagnostic procedures, clinics and hospitals’ services. Requirements and specific rules of these medical services are considered, and personalization of user preferences will to be supported. The architecture is based on adaptable process management technologies, allowing for virtual services which are dynamically combined from existing national medical services. In this way, a comprehensive workflow process is set up, allowing for service-level agreements, an audit trail and explanation of the process to the end user. The process engine operates on top of a virtual repository, providing a high-level semantic view of information retrieved from heterogeneous information sources, such as national sources of medical services. The system relies on a security framework to ensure all high-level security requirements are met. System’s architecture is business oriented: it focuses on Service Oriented Architecture - SOA concepts, asynchronously combining Web services, Business Process Management – BPM rules and BPEL standards.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of monodispersed inorganic/organic core/shell microspheres with fluorescence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Kai; HAN Kun; ZHANG Xuehai; YANG Bai

    2005-01-01

    @@ In recent years, the semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) have attracted great interest due to their potentials in photonics, electronics, magnetics and catalysis, and the monodispersed organic or inorganic microspheres doped NCs display predominant characteristics in the fabrication and study for photonic crystals[1,2], and considerable effort has been devoted to the design and synthesis of CdTe NCs doped colloid with well fluorescence[3-8]. For example, CdTe NCs were fabricated on the surfaces of silica or polymer microspheres by the methods of layer-by-layer assembly, and CdTe NCs were also doped into inorganic or organic microspheres through sol-gel process or swell- ing.

  14. Synthesis and characterization of divalent metal complexes with ligand derived from the reaction of 3-aminopyridine and biacetyl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAMESH KUMAR

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Divalent cobalt, nickel and copper salts reacted in situ with 3-aminopyridine and biacetyl to form complexes of the type: [M(Ap2biac2X2], where Ap2biac is the ligand and X=Cl, Br, NO3 or NCS. The complexes were analysed and characterized as distorted octahedral by conductance, molecular weight, magnetic, electronic and IR spectral studies. The electronic spectra were interpreted and tentative aassignments made. The infrared spectral studies revealed that two molecules of 3-aminopyridine were joined by molecules of biacetyl through a two carbon atom bridge and that the ligand coordinated through azomethine nitrogen atoms, whereas the pyridine nitrogen does not participate in the coordination. In the far infrared spectra, various metal–ligand vibrations were observed and are discussed.

  15. SSN Verification Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The SSN Verification Service is used by Java applications to execute the GUVERF02 service using the WebSphere/CICS Interface. It accepts several input data fields...

  16. Reusable Component Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Reusable Component Services (RCS) is a super-catalog of components, services, solutions and technologies that facilitates search, discovery and collaboration in...

  17. Emergency Medical Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and need help right away, you should use emergency medical services. These services use specially trained people and specially equipped facilities. You may need care in the hospital emergency room (ER). Doctors and nurses there treat emergencies, ...

  18. Specialized Investment Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Robert S.

    1970-01-01

    The informational needs of the investing public should be met by the public library. Suggestions for specialized investment information services with broad appeal, technical charts, and advisory services which public libraries might consider purchasing. (JS)

  19. Human Services Offices

    Data.gov (United States)

    Fairfax County, Virginia — This data contains point features representing the human services offices within Fairfax County.“HS_Region” is the office for each human services region, “DFS_Area”...

  20. Virtual reference services

    OpenAIRE

    Márdero Arellano, Miguel Ángel

    2001-01-01

    Analysis of virtual reference services, their standandars and new technologies that have changed the tradicional practice at the library’s reference desk. Major American virtual reference services initiatives and their characteristics are described.

  1. Managing customer service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paget, Zoe

    2015-02-28

    Zoe Paget is the customer services manager at YourVets. Her role includes managing the company's call centre, social media marketing, working with the marketing department to develop customer care initiatives and reporting service levels to the company's directors.

  2. The Customer Service Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Chip R.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses ways to embed customer service learning and customer loyalty including making customers think, examining every aspect of customers' service encounters with staff, providing follow-up, making learning fun, and involving customers in your business. (JOW)

  3. Denying or Delivering Services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, Stuart A.; Greenley, James R.

    1974-01-01

    Many who apply to agencies for service do not receive it. To make service more accessible, changing the behavior patterns of organizations may be as important as changing organizational structure. (Author)

  4. NAIP Public Image Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    Farm Service Agency, Department of Agriculture — This map provides a preview and information about the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) image services available on the APFO public image server. Click on...

  5. State of Services Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — A comprehensive monthly report portraying customer experience with our various service options. The State of Services is shared with the ACOSS and is presented to...

  6. Resilient Control under Denial-Of-Service

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Persis, Claudio; Tesi, Pietro

    2014-01-01

    We investigate resilient control strategies for linear systems under Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks. By DoS attacks we mean interruptions of communication on measurement (sensor-to-controller) and control (controller-to-actuator) channels carried out by an intelligent adversary. We characterize the

  7. Parental Expectations about Adapted Physical Education Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaapel, Holly; Columna, Luis; Lytle, Rebecca; Bailey, JoEllen

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to characterize the expectations of parents of children with disabilities regarding adapted physical education services. Participants ("N" = 10) were parents of children with disabilities. Parents participated in one-on-one semistructured interviews. Transcripts were analyzed through a constant comparative…

  8. Triple Play Service and IPTV Services Offered within it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmar Pajdusakova

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with Triple Play multimedia service and figures its architecture. Triple Play offers voice, video and data services together in one customer connection. There is offered IPTV (Internet Protocol Television service within this service, where we can include also Video on Demand service and other different additional services. In the paper is described classification of Video on Demand services.

  9. TRENDS IN CONTEMPORARY PORT SERVICES MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Klimek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the issues associated with functioning of contemporary seaport services markets. The growth of international supply chains, technical progress and the integration processes in shipping, growth of containerization, increasing competition in the seaport services markets and environmental protection regulations make it necessary for port service providers to adapt to the changing expectations and requirements of their customers, both shippers and, especially maritime, carriers. Thus, the activities they undertake are associated with making investments to ensure an adequate capacity to handle cargo, passengers and means of transport, required quality of service, but also with appropriate organization of port supply centres and lead to an improvement of their competitiveness. Both the factors associated with the external and internal environment of seaports affect the changes in the relationship between the supply and demand on port services markets. Contemporary port services markets are characterized by certain phenomena which can be a sign of their adaptation and development. The aim of this article is to present the essence of the port services market and its relationship with the environment, which subject to rapid and significant changes, creates new conditions for the operation of port supply centres and the entire port services market.

  10. Infrared diode laser studies of the products from the reaction CH2($\\tilde{X}$3B1) + O2 and from the near-UV photolysis of CH3NCS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez, Ramon Arturo [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Absolute yields of CO, CO2, and H2CO formed in reaction of triplet methylene ($\\tilde{X}$3B1 ≡CH2) with O2 were determined using a flash kinetic spectrometer. CH2 radicals were generated by excimer laser photolysis of ketene and product formation was monitored by time-resolved infrared diode laser absorption. Reaction was carried out in a static gas cell at room temperature at 1--25 torr. Measured product yields were CO, 0.34 ± 0.06; CO2, 0.40 ± 0.08 H2CO, 0.16 ± 0.04. Rate constants for production of CO and CO2 were equivalent to the published rate constant for removal of CH2. Indirect evidence indicated that yield of OH is 0.30 ± 0.05. Ultraviolet spectrum of methyl isothiocyanate (CH3NCS ≡ MITC) and quantum yield for dissociation into methyl isocyanide (CH3NC) and atomic sulfur at 308 nm, Φ 0.98 ± 0.24, were measured. MITC is widely used as a fumigant and readily enters the atmosphere during and after application. Results indicate that photodissociation by sunlight is an effective pathway for removal of MITC from atmosphere. A mechanism is proposed to account for the observed formation of methyl isocyanate (CH3NCO) as a secondary product in controlled laboratory studies.

  11. Holding services to account

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Background Recently, the frequency of audit inspections of health services for people with intellectual disability (ID) in the UK has increased, from occasional inquiries to a systematic audit of all services. From 2008, a process of continuous audit ‘surveillance’ of specialist health services is to be introduced. Similar regimes of inspection are in place for social care services. Aim To explore the conceptual positions which inform audit, through detailed examination of the investigation i...

  12. Service Level Status

    CERN Multimedia

    Lopienski, S

    2007-01-01

    Nowadays, IT departments provide, and people use, computing services of an increasingly heterogeneous nature. There is thus a growing need for a status display that groups these different services and reports status and availability in a uniform way. The Service Level Status (SLS) system addresses these needs by providing a web-based display that dynamically shows availability, basic information and statistics about various IT services, as well as the dependencies between them.

  13. Industry Service - Technology Centre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Grünbaum, Niels Nolsøe

    2011-01-01

    The chapter describes and explains the development of an Industry Service Technology (IS-T) portal solution at Danfoss for testing of products, including booking system for standardised 'service packages' in order to reduce waiting time.......The chapter describes and explains the development of an Industry Service Technology (IS-T) portal solution at Danfoss for testing of products, including booking system for standardised 'service packages' in order to reduce waiting time....

  14. IT Service Management Architectures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Filtenborg, Jacob

    2017-01-01

    IT service providers tend to view their services as quasi-embedded in the client organisations infrastructure. Therefore, IT service providers lack a full picture of being an organisation with its own enterprise archicture. By systematically developing an enterprise architecture using...

  15. Dosimetry service removal

    CERN Multimedia

    Safety Commission

    2010-01-01

    Dear personal dosimeter user, Please note that the Dosimetry service has moved in building 55, the service is now located in the main floor: 55-R-004. Main floor instead of second floor. On your right hand when accessing in the building. Thank you Dosimetry Service

  16. Measuring the performance of maintenance service outsourcing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Antonio Miguel; Rincon, Adriana Maria Rios; Haugan, Gregory L

    2013-01-01

    The aims of this paper are (1) to identify the characteristics of maintenance service providers that directly impact maintenance service quality, using 18 independent covariables; (2) to quantify the change in risk these covariables present to service quality, measured in terms of equipment turnaround time (TAT). A survey was applied to every maintenance service provider (n = 19) for characterization purposes. The equipment inventory was characterized, and the TAT variable recorded and monitored for every work order of each service provider (N = 1,025). Finally, the research team conducted a statistical analysis to accomplish the research objectives. The results of this study offer strong empirical evidence that the most influential variables affecting the quality of maintenance service performance are the following: type of maintenance, availability of spare parts in the country, user training, technological complexity of the equipment, distance between the company and the hospital, and the number of maintenance visits performed by the company. The strength of the results obtained by the Cox model built are supported by the measure of the Rp,e(2) = 0.57 with a value of Rp,e= 0.75. Thus, the model explained 57% of the variation in equipment TAT, with moderate high positive correlation between the dependent variable (TAT) and independent variables.

  17. Broadband Radio Service (BRS) and Educational Broadband Service (EBS) Transmitters

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The Broadband Radio Service (BRS), formerly known as the Multipoint Distribution Service (MDS)/Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service (MMDS), is a commercial...

  18. Preschool Age Populations Research Needs - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drawing conclusions from the validation studies on preschool populations discussed in this chapter is difficult because of the varied study designs, the relatively small study populations, and limited number of studies on each dietary assessment method.

  19. Infants - Background & Validation Studies - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    The dynamic growth and development experienced in infancy is the most rapid of any age. The progression in feeding skills marks important developmental milestones that support rapid changes in food habits and nutrient intakes.

  20. Adolescent Populations Research Needs - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    As with school age children, it is difficult to make conclusions about the validity of available dietary assessment instruments for adolescents because of the differences in instruments, research designs, reference methods, and populations in the validation literature.

  1. Lactation - Background & Validation Studies - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    The benefits of breastfeeding for both mothers and infants are well established and rates of breastfeeding have been increasing across all socioeconomic and ethnic groups in the US during the last decade.

  2. School Age Populations Research Needs - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drawing conclusions about the validity of available dietary assessment instruments in school age children is hampered by the differences in instruments, research design, reference methods, and populations in the validation literature.

  3. Pregnant & Lactating Populations Research - NCS Dietary Assessment Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Identifying and studying additional biomarkers of energy and nutrient intake will advance validation efforts and lead to a better understanding of the biases and sources of measurement error in dietary assessment instruments in pregnant or lactating populations.

  4. 47 CFR Appendix to Part 216 - NCS Directives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Transportation; Department of Energy; Central Intelligence Agency; Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; General... circumstances, including crisis or emergency, attack, recovery, and reconstitution. a. To support the... procedures for the management of Federal telecommunications resources in crises or emergencies. (3)...

  5. CopperCore Service Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogten, Hubert; Martens, Harrie; Nadolski, Rob; Tattersall, Colin; van Rosmalen, Peter; Koper, Rob

    2007-01-01

    In an e-learning environment there is a need to integrate various e-learning services like assessment services, collaboration services, learning design services and communication services. In this article we present the design and implementation of a generic integrative service framework, called CopperCore Service Integration (CCSI). We will…

  6. The Evolution and Challenges of the Danish Civil Service System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle

    2013-01-01

    In this article a descriptive analysis of the evolution and current challenges of the Danish civil service system is given. The focus is on the state administration. Theories of path-dependency and the transnational diffusion of ideas inform the empirical analysis. The broad features of the long...... service is examined. The Danish civil service system has been characterized by long-term gradual evolution and adoption of many of the prevailing institutions in medieval and modern European state administration. This adaptation to prevailing trends has been predominantly characterized by integration......-term history of the Danish civil service system are analyzed. The basic characteristics of the current internal labor market of the civil service are analyzed as well as some recent changes in the system. Issues of politicization of the civil service are discussed and public opinion concerning the civil...

  7. Foundations for Tools as a Service Workspace: A Reference Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chauhan, Muhammad Aufeef

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, on-demand provisioning of computing resources following a payper- use service model have enabled client organizations to have easy and on the fly access to the resources. The resources that are provisioned using the service model are generally characterized as resource as a Service (*aa......S). However, providing the resources corresponding to a domain following *aaS requires specific challenges associated with the domain to be addressed. Software as a Service (SaaS) model enables software vendors to offer their software solutions to end users following pay-per-use model. SaaS also enables end....... This dissertation presents an approach to provide Tools as a service workSPACE (TSPACE), which is characterized as provisioning of a bundled suite of Tools as a Service (TaaS) required to perform activities associated with a specific domain as part of a cloud-enabled workspace. The presented approach is focused...

  8. Advanced web services

    CERN Document Server

    Bouguettaya, Athman; Daniel, Florian

    2013-01-01

    Web services and Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) have become thriving areas of academic research, joint university/industry research projects, and novel IT products on the market. SOC is the computing paradigm that uses Web services as building blocks for the engineering of composite, distributed applications out of the reusable application logic encapsulated by Web services. Web services could be considered the best-known and most standardized technology in use today for distributed computing over the Internet. This book is the second installment of a two-book collection covering the state-o

  9. High availability IT services

    CERN Document Server

    Critchley, Terry

    2014-01-01

    This book starts with the basic premise that a service is comprised of the 3Ps-products, processes, and people. Moreover, these entities and their sub-entities interlink to support the services that end users require to run and support a business. This widens the scope of any availability design far beyond hardware and software. It also increases the potential for service failure for reasons beyond just hardware and software; the concept of logical outages. High Availability IT Services details the considerations for designing and running highly available ""services"" and not just the systems

  10. Data mining for service

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    Virtually all nontrivial and modern service related problems and systems involve data volumes and types that clearly fall into what is presently meant as "big data", that is, are huge, heterogeneous, complex, distributed, etc. Data mining is a series of processes which include collecting and accumulating data, modeling phenomena, and discovering new information, and it is one of the most important steps to scientific analysis of the processes of services.  Data mining application in services requires a thorough understanding of the characteristics of each service and knowledge of the compatibility of data mining technology within each particular service, rather than knowledge only in calculation speed and prediction accuracy. Varied examples of services provided in this book will help readers understand the relation between services and data mining technology. This book is intended to stimulate interest among researchers and practitioners in the relation between data mining technology and its application to ...

  11. Organization of rehabilitation services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Laura A

    2013-01-01

    In the past 20 years there have been many changes in the way that neurological rehabilitation is delivered worldwide. This is in part a reflection of improved acute medical therapies and intensive care and also related to the development of a more holistic approach to recovery, embracing the principles of the WHO International Classification of Functioning as a model for rehabilitation. Traditionally, rehabilitation services have tended to develop piecemeal according to local resources and need. By definition such services should be driven by a patient-centered approach and thus there is wide variety in service provision nationally and internationally. This chapter describes the background to current service set-ups and provision, exploring models of rehabilitation delivery and common presentations in neurological rehabilitation. Relevant legislation and guidance documents are reviewed. The text provides an overview of different aspects of rehabilitation services including acute and inpatient provision, outpatient services, community-based rehabilitation, residential facilities, and vocational services.

  12. Coproduction of healthcare service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batalden, Maren; Batalden, Paul; Margolis, Peter; Seid, Michael; Armstrong, Gail; Opipari-Arrigan, Lisa; Hartung, Hans

    2016-07-01

    Efforts to ensure effective participation of patients in healthcare are called by many names-patient centredness, patient engagement, patient experience. Improvement initiatives in this domain often resemble the efforts of manufacturers to engage consumers in designing and marketing products. Services, however, are fundamentally different than products; unlike goods, services are always 'coproduced'. Failure to recognise this unique character of a service and its implications may limit our success in partnering with patients to improve health care. We trace a partial history of the coproduction concept, present a model of healthcare service coproduction and explore its application as a design principle in three healthcare service delivery innovations. We use the principle to examine the roles, relationships and aims of this interdependent work. We explore the principle's implications and challenges for health professional development, for service delivery system design and for understanding and measuring benefit in healthcare services.

  13. Sectoral Trends in World Employment and the Shift toward Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieczorek, Jaroslaw

    1995-01-01

    Review of statistical data confirms worldwide trends: growth in services, decline in agriculture, and, in manufacturing, decline in industrialized economies but growth in developing ones. Although services are characterized by low productivity growth, certain types (such as research and development) exert positive influence on economic growth. (SK)

  14. Hospital and corporate information services: introducing a new column.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jajko, P

    1992-01-01

    Successful hospital and corporate libraries offer customized resources and services to meet the needs of their dynamic organizations. Concepts such as customer-driven, service-oriented and value-added are central to these libraries. Serving decision makers and integrating the library into the decision-making process of the organization is critical. Future articles in this new column will further explore the underlying philosophies and the specialized resources and services that characterize these libraries.

  15. 76 FR 4726 - Avaya Global Services, AOS Service Delivery, Worldwide Services Group, Including Workers Whose...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-26

    ... Employment and Training Administration Avaya Global Services, AOS Service Delivery, Worldwide Services Group... Assistance on October 20, 2010, applicable to workers of Avaya Global Services, AOS Service Delivery... Avaya Global Services, AOS Service Delivery had their wages reported through a separate...

  16. The Semantics of Web Services: An Examination in GIScience Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuan Shi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Web service is a technological solution for software interoperability that supports the seamless integration of diverse applications. In the vision of web service architecture, web services are described by the Web Service Description Language (WSDL, discovered through Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI and communicate by the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP. Such a divination has never been fully accomplished yet. Although it was criticized that WSDL only has a syntactic definition of web services, but was not semantic, prior initiatives in semantic web services did not establish a correct methodology to resolve the problem. This paper examines the distinction and relationship between the syntactic and semantic definitions for web services that characterize different purposes in service computation. Further, this paper proposes that the semantics of web service are neutral and independent from the service interface definition, data types and platform. Such a conclusion can be a universal law in software engineering and service computing. Several use cases in the GIScience application are examined in this paper, while the formalization of geospatial services needs to be constructed by the GIScience community towards a comprehensive ontology of the conceptual definitions and relationships for geospatial computation. Advancements in semantic web services research will happen in domain science applications.

  17. Characterizing Alzheimer's disease using a hypometabolic convergence index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kewei; Ayutyanont, Napatkamon; Langbaum, Jessica B S; Fleisher, Adam S; Reschke, Cole; Lee, Wendy; Liu, Xiaofen; Bandy, Dan; Alexander, Gene E; Thompson, Paul M; Shaw, Leslie; Trojanowski, John Q; Jack, Clifford R; Landau, Susan M; Foster, Norman L; Harvey, Danielle J; Weiner, Michael W; Koeppe, Robert A; Jagust, William J; Reiman, Eric M

    2011-05-01

    This article introduces a hypometabolic convergence index (HCI) for the assessment of Alzheimer's disease (AD); compares it to other biological, cognitive and clinical measures; and demonstrates its promise to predict clinical decline in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients using data from the AD Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI). The HCI is intended to reflect in a single measurement the extent to which the pattern and magnitude of cerebral hypometabolism in an individual's fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) image correspond to that in probable AD patients, and is generated using a fully automated voxel-based image-analysis algorithm. HCIs, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) hippocampal volume measurements, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) assays, memory test scores, and clinical ratings were compared in 47 probable AD patients, 21 MCI patients who converted to probable AD within the next 18months, 76 MCI patients who did not, and 47 normal controls (NCs) in terms of their ability to characterize clinical disease severity and predict conversion rates from MCI to probable AD. HCIs were significantly different in the probable AD, MCI converter, MCI stable and NC groups (p=9e-17) and correlated with clinical disease severity. Using retrospectively characterized threshold criteria, MCI patients with either higher HCIs or smaller hippocampal volumes had the highest hazard ratios (HRs) for 18-month progression to probable AD (7.38 and 6.34, respectively), and those with both had an even higher HR (36.72). In conclusion, the HCI, alone or in combination with certain other biomarker measurements, has the potential to help characterize AD and predict subsequent rates of clinical decline. More generally, our conversion index strategy could be applied to a range of imaging modalities and voxel-based image-analysis algorithms.

  18. Software as a Service, Platform as a Service, Infrastructure as a Service − A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumit Goyal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Cloud services have revolutionized the dynamics of IT industry. Cloud computing provides scalable and virtualized resources as services over the Internet. Cloud offers three types of services: Software as a Service (SaaS, Platform as a Service (PaaS, and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS. This investigation encapsulates all these services from industry’s point of view, identifies various cloud paradigms promising to deliver these services, and discusses pros & cons of these services. This write-up contributes to the knowledge of cloud services by reviewing the benefits and barriers in adopting cloud services, and also predicts the future of cloud services.

  19. LOCKS AND KEYS SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Locks and Keys Service

    2002-01-01

    The Locks and Keys service (ST/FM) will move from building 55 to building 570 from the 2nd August to the 9th August 2002 included. During this period the service will be closed. Only in case of extreme urgency please call the 164550. Starting from Monday, 12th August, the Locks and Keys Service will continue to follow the activities related to office keys (keys and locks) and will provide the keys for furniture. The service is open from 8h30 to 12h00 and from 13h00 to 17h30. We remind you that your divisional correspondents can help you in the execution of the procedures. We thank you for your comprehension and we remain at your service to help you in solving all the matters related to keys for offices and furniture. Locks and Keys Service - ST Division - FM Group

  20. Service level agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimwood, A

    1998-02-01

    Service level agreements provide clearer descriptions of the services to be provided and the objectives to be met. In many instances it is the first time that services have been defined allowing their performance to be suitably measured. They should be output based and not too prescriptive on how the services are to be delivered. The emphasis should be on establishing outputs and the arrangements for monitoring achievement. Customer expectations can exceed available resources and arbitration may become necessary if agreement cannot be reached on internal service level agreements. The main requirements of customers for change through service level agreements is usually improved communications on job status that includes notification of any delays and that agreed response times will be met.

  1. Building Service Provider Capabilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandl, Kristin; Jaura, Manya; Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.

    In this paper we study whether and how the interaction between clients and the service providers contributes to the development of capabilities in service provider firms. In situations where such a contribution occurs, we analyze how different types of activities in the production process...... of the services, such as sequential or reciprocal task activities, influence the development of different types of capabilities. We study five cases of offshore-outsourced knowledge-intensive business services that are distinguished according to their reciprocal or sequential task activities in their production...... process. We find that clients influence the development of human capital capabilities and management capabilities in reciprocally produced services. While in sequential produced services clients influence the development of organizational capital capabilities and management capital capabilities....

  2. Securing Web Services using Service Token Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stelian Dumitra

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Web services are distributed components that enable interaction of software componentsacross organizational boundaries. The main advantages of web services are related to the flexibility and versatility: they support a variety of architectures and are independent of platforms and models. Also, they can expose valuable data, applications and systems of organizations to a variety of external threats. Securing web services is one of the most important topics related to them. This paper describes the core web services specifications, the top threats facing web services and the security fundamentals. At the end of the paper is presented a custom authentication and authorization model (brokered authentication to ensure a robust protection, a model that shows how to authenticate and authorize callers to perform operations and how to access resources. This model uses the following frameworks/standards: Windows Identity Foundation (WIF to apply the principles of claims-based identity, Windows Communication Foundation (WCF, to develop services/client services and integrate with WIF, and Service Token Security (STS, to issue security tokens.The conclusions and the future proposed developments are presented in the end of the paper. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0in; mso-para-margin-right:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso

  3. Diagnostic characterization of services providing care to victims of accidents and violence in five Brazilian state capitals Caracterização diagnóstica dos serviços que atendem a vítimas de acidentes e violências em cinco capitais brasileiras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Ferreira Deslandes

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article characterizes the services providing care to victims in five Brazilian regions with high violence and accident rates. It analyzes care activities and strategies, the profile of the teams, the conditions of installations, equipment and supplies, integrated care and registration services and the opinion of health managers with respect to the needs and requirements for a better care to the victims. The sample is composed by 103 services: 34 from Recife, 25 from Rio de Janeiro, 18 from Manaus, 18 from Curitiba and 8 from Brasília. The still preliminary results indicate: lower number of services focusing on the elderly; scarce investment in preventive actions; the principal actions carried out are social assistance, ambulatory and hospital care and psychological assistance; patients received from Basic Health Units require attention of the communities and families; need for investment in capacity building programs for professionals; precarious registries, data handled manually. The wording of the National Policy for Reduction of Morbidity and Mortality from Accidents and Violence is not well-known and there is a lack of articulation among and inside sectors and between prehospital and emergency care services. Rehabilitation services are insufficient in all cities.Este artigo caracteriza serviços que atendem as vítimas em capitais das cinco regiões brasileiras com altos índices de violências e acidentes. Analisam-se atividades e estratégias de atendimento, perfil das equipes, condições das instalações, equipamentos e insumos, serviços integrados de atenção e de registro de agravos e a ótica de gestores de saúde sobre demandas e necessidades para uma atenção de qualidade às vítimas. O acervo se constitui de 103 serviços: 34 de Recife, 25 de Rio de Janeiro, 18 de Manaus, 18 de Curitiba e 8 de Brasília. Os resultados ainda preliminares indicam: menor número de serviços com atendimentos voltados a idosos; pouco

  4. Disseminating Service Registry Records

    OpenAIRE

    A. Apps

    2006-01-01

    The JISC Information Environment Service Registry (IESR) contains descriptions of collections of resources available to researchers, learners and teachers in the UK, along with technical service access details. This paper describes the data model and metadata description schema of IESR, and the services IESR provides to disseminate its records. There is a particular focus on the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) interface, including a possible use scenario. I...

  5. Semiautomatic Web service generation

    OpenAIRE

    Fuentes, José María de; Corella, Miguel Ángel; Castells, Pablo; Rico, Mariano

    2005-01-01

    Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference WWW/Internet 2005, held in Lisbon (Portugal). The lack of a critical mass of actually deployed web services, semantic or not, is an important hurdle for the advancement and further innovation in web service technologies. In this paper we introduce Federica, a platform for semi-automatic generation and implementation of semantic web services by exploiting existing web applications published in internet. Federica generates semantical...

  6. Smart Location Database - Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Smart Location Database (SLD) summarizes over 80 demographic, built environment, transit service, and destination accessibility attributes for every census block...

  7. Disruption - Access cards service

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    We would like to inform you that between 10 November and 15 December 2014, the access cards service in Building 55 will be disrupted, as the GS Department has decided to improve the facilities for users of this building. During the work, you will find the registration, biometric registration and dosimeter exchange services on the second floor of Building 55 and the vehicle sticker service on the ground floor along with the access cards service. We thank you for your understanding and apologise for any inconvenience caused.

  8. Geospatial Services Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: To process, store, and disseminate geospatial data to the Department of Defense and other Federal agencies. DESCRIPTION: The Geospatial Services Laboratory...

  9. Cloud Computing Services Accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Ruiz-Agundez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing provides a new promising parading to offer services. It brings the opportunity to develop new business models in the Internet. Classic accounting solutions fail to full fill the new requirements of these services due to their structural design. To understand these new constrains, we study the different actors and processes that interact in the Internet Economics. Specifically, we focus on cloud computing introducing a methodology that allows the deployment of cloud services. Further, we present an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS use case that applies the proposed system.

  10. CVP Service Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Federal Water Contract Service Area boundaries are incorporated boundaries of districts having contracts with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), within...

  11. Power Service Shops

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — TVA's Power Service Shops provides expert repair and maintenance of power system components and large industrial equipment. With world-class maintenance facilities...

  12. Facility Registry Service (FRS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Facility Registry Service (FRS) provides an integrated source of comprehensive (air, water, and waste) environmental information about facilities across EPA,...

  13. Presence Service in IMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Petras

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the presence service, which is located in the IP multimedia subsystem. This service allows making many applications for different groups of people. The paper describes differences between a network without the service and with the service. The biggest change is an increased number of transmitted messages. The presence uses some part of the IP multimedia subsystem control layer, which is shown in communication between the user and the server. The paper deals with the number of generated messages depending on the behaviour of the users. This is described by a mathematical model using discrete Markov chains.

  14. On the Strategy System Construction for Effective Study of English Skills in the Network Computing System(NCS)%计算机网络环境下英语技能有效学习策略系统的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万桂华

    2015-01-01

    适合的学习策略是提高英语学习效果的有效手段,然而现实中还存在英语学习策略培训成本高、普及难和不可持续等问题,影响了英语学习策略的广泛使用和应用效率的显现。本文充分应用了英语技能学习策略研究和实践中已取得的成果,从梳理英语学习中听、说、读、写、词汇等技能学习的一般策略在计算机网络系统中如何实现并进行优势分析着手,提出构建一个以应用英语技能学习策略进行学习和培养学习者策略使用习惯为目的的计算机应用系统,以实现英语学习者在有效提高英语技能的同时提高英语学习策略应用能力,养成自觉使用学习策略习惯的目的。%Appropriate study strategies can effectively enhance the study of English skills. However, the wide use of English-studying strategies and the effective enhancement of study efficiency are noticeably hindered by the high cost, slow promotion and unsustainability of strategic training. In this paper, the author has comprehensively studied the achievements made in the strategic research and practice of English-studying skills and figured out how to realize the general strategies of mastering skills such as listening, speaking, reading, writing and vocabulary in NCS and their advantages. A system is developed to apply strategies to English learning and cultivate learners’ habit of using these strategies so as to improve their English skills as well as their ability to apply studying strategies and get into the habit of conscious application of such strategies.

  15. Preparation and characterization of bioactive calcium silicate and poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocomposite for bone tissue regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Jie; Heo, S J; Liu, Changsheng; Kim, D H; Kim, S E; Hyun, Y T; Shin, Ji-Wang; Shin, Jung-Woog

    2009-09-01

    A novel biocomposite of nanosized calcium silicate (n-CS) and poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) was successfully fabricated directly using n-CS slurry, not dried n-CS powder, in a solvent-casting method. The in vitro bioactivity of the composite was evaluated by investigating the apatite-forming ability in simulated body fluid. A proliferation assay with mouse L929 fibroblasts was used to test the in vitro biocompatibility. The composition, hydrophilicity, and mechanical properties were also evaluated. Results suggest that the incorporation of n-CS could significantly improve the hydrophilicity, compressive strength, and elastic modulus of n-CS/PCL composites, with the enhancements mainly dependent on n-CS content. The n-CS/PCL composites exhibit excellent in vitro bioactivity, with surface apatite formation for 40% (w/w) n-CS (C40) exceeding that of 20% (w/w) n-CS (C20) at 7 and 14 days. The Ca/P ratios of apatite formed on C20 and C40 surfaces were 1.58 and 1.61, respectively, indicating nonstoichiometric apatite with defective structure. Composites demonstrated significantly better cell attachment and proliferation than that of PCL alone, with C40 demonstrating the best bioactivity. The apatite layers that formed on the composite surfaces facilitated cell attachment (4 h) and proliferation during the early stages (1 and 4 days). Collectively, these results suggest that the incorporation of n-CS produces biocomposites with enhanced bioactivity and biocompatibility.

  16. Collaborative Service Arrangements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    J. May, Peter; Winter, Søren

    While much of prior research on collaboration addresses the service delivery network as a whole, we address collaborative relationships between one type of organization—municipal employment services—and a range of governmental and non-governmental partners for employment services in Denmark. Muni...

  17. Appropriability, services and reputation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolfsma, W.A.

    2011-01-01

    The appropriability regime (Teece 1986) that innovating service firms face is generally weaker than what firms in manufacturing sectors face. An important means to appropriate benefits from innovation that service firms can use is their reputation. This conceptual paper offers insights into how a fi

  18. [Marketing in health service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ameri, Cinzia; Fiorini, Fulvio

    2014-01-01

    The gradual emergence of marketing activities in public health demonstrates an increased interest in this discipline, despite the lack of an adequate and universally recognized theoretical model. For a correct approach to marketing techniques, it is opportune to start from the health service, meant as a service rendered. This leads to the need to analyse the salient features of the services. The former is the intangibility, or rather the ex ante difficulty of making the patient understand the true nature of the performance carried out by the health care worker. Another characteristic of all the services is the extreme importance of the regulator, which means who performs the service (in our case, the health care professional). Indeed the operator is of crucial importance in health care: being one of the key issues, he becomes a part of the service itself. Each service is different because the people who deliver it are different, furthermore there are many variables that can affect the performance. Hence it arises the difficulty in measuring the services quality as well as in establishing reference standards.

  19. Dynamic public service mediation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofman, W.; Staalduinen, M. van

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an approach to dynamic public service mediation. It is based on a conceptual model and the use of search and ranking algorithms. The conceptual model is based on Abstract State Machine theory. Requirements for dynamic service mediation were derived from a real-world case. The con

  20. At your service!

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2011-01-01

    Everyone, at some time or another, has needed to get a new key cut, or to have an office painted or to get their hands on a document without knowing who to ask. People who have been at CERN for many years obviously don't experience this very often, but picking their way through the Laboratory's many services can be a real challenge for users and new arrivals. The Service Desk is now there to help !   The service desk team in Building 55. The new Service Desk is a one-stop shop for information on CERN. Physically located in Building 55 it has a single telephone number (77777) and a web portal (the CERN service portal) that can be accessed 24/7, providing all the answers to your logistical questions. The IT and GS Departments have been collaborating on this project for nearly a year and a half. Today, all the services offered by the GS and IT Departments are listed in the CERN service portal. "The CERN service portal is simple to use and works just like a key-word search engine. A list of r...

  1. Logistics Services Communication

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the personnel are invited to take note that only parcels corresponding to official orders or contracts will be handled at CERN. Individuals are not authorisedto have private merchandise delivered to them at CERN and private deliveries will not be accepted by the Goods Reception services. Thank you for your understanding. Logistics Services - FI Department - 79947

  2. Special Library Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ensley, Robert F., Ed.

    1975-01-01

    The September 1975 issue of Illinois Libraries focuses on the needs of the developmentally disabled, physically handicapped, and emotionally disturbed. Articles on library services to the blind and physically handicapped cover standards, services of local public libraries, Library of Congress programs, braille books and sound recordings,…

  3. Laboratories: Integrating Services

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2011-04-04

    This podcast highlights the importance of integrating laboratory services to maximize service delivery to patients.  Created: 4/4/2011 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 4/7/2011.

  4. Inclusive Services Innovation Configuration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdheide, Lynn R.; Reschly, Daniel J.

    2011-01-01

    Teacher preparation to deliver inclusive services to students with disabilities is increasingly important because of changes in law and policy emphasizing student access to, and achievement in, the general education curriculum. This innovation configuration identifies the components of inclusive services that should be incorporated in teacher…

  5. New customer services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Münster, Marie; Møller Andersen, Frits; Meza, Maria Josefina Figueroa

    2011-01-01

    This chapter focuses on the challenge of motivating energy service customers to make best use of available smart technologies. This can be done through economic incentives, but also through information and education, regulation and reorganisation, and by improving services or customer comfort...

  6. Marketing Reference Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, O. Gene

    1995-01-01

    Relates the marketing concept to library reference services. Highlights include a review of the literature and an overview of marketing, including research, the marketing mix, strategic plan, marketing plan, and marketing audit. Marketing principles are applied to reference services through the marketing mix elements of product, price, place, and…

  7. Child Care Services Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duval County School Board, Jacksonville, FL.

    A companion document to the curriculum guide for a secondary level child care services curriculum, this handbook contains a variety of administrative and program resources for the teacher: The vocational curriculum outline for child care services; a calendar of suggested public relations activities; procedures for building child care services…

  8. Logistics Services Communication

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Members of the personnel are invited to take note that only parcels corresponding to official orders or contracts will be handled at CERN. Individuals are not authorised to have private merchandise delivered to them at CERN and private deliveries will not be accepted by the Goods Reception services. Thank you for your understanding. Logistics Services - FI Department - 79947

  9. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor.For information, call the Nurses- on Telephone73802- by electronic mailInfirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.chJanet.Doody@cern.chMireille.Vosdey@cern.chMedical Service

  10. Computerized Drug Information Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    And Others; Smith, Daniel R.

    1972-01-01

    To compare computerized services in chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, and clinical medicine of pharmaceutical interest, equivalent profiles were run on magnetic tape files of CA-Condensates," CBAC," Excerpta Medica," MEDLARS" and Ringdoc." The results are tabulated for overlap of services, relative speed of citing references, and unique…

  11. Reference Service Training Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mielke, John; Young, William

    This manual is primarily designed as an orientation program for librarians new to the Reference Services Division at the State University of New York at Albany University Libraries. It contains practical information and some of the procedures necessary for providing service at the reference desk in these libraries. The appendices provide samples…

  12. Product Service Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Departing from Product Development models based on physical artefacts. Moving towards integrated Product Development and System Operations models suited Product/Service-systems......Departing from Product Development models based on physical artefacts. Moving towards integrated Product Development and System Operations models suited Product/Service-systems...

  13. Analyzing Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M.-Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    Web services should be dependable, because businesses rely on them. For that purpose the Service Oriented Architecture has standardized specifications at a syntactical level. In this paper, we demonstrate how such specifications are used to derive semantic models in the form of (timed) automata...

  14. Public services, personal benefits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bob Kuhry; Evert Pommer; Jedid-Jah Jonker; John Stevens

    2006-01-01

    Original title: Publieke productie & persoonlijk profijt. This report looks in detail at the costs of public services (such as care, education, public administration and safety) and the benefits that citizens derive from the government expenditure involved in delivering those services. In 2003,

  15. Radioactive Sources Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Please note that the radioactive sources service will be open by appointment only every Monday, Wednesday and Friday during CERN working hours (instead of alternate weeks). In addition, please note that our 2007 schedule is available on our web site: http://cern.ch/service-rp-sources

  16. Radioactive Sources Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Please note that the radioactive sources service will be open by appointment only every Monday, Wednesday and Friday during CERN working hours (instead of alternate weeks). In addition, please note that our 2007 schedule is available on our web site. http://cern.ch/service-rp-sources

  17. Mass Customization Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friedrich, Gerhard

    Topics of the IMCM’08 & PETO’08 and this book are: Mass customization in service, mass customizing financial services, mass customization in supply networks, implementation issues in logistics, product life cycle and mass customization. The research field of mass customization is more than 15 years...

  18. Vehicle to Vehicle Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønsted, Jeppe Rørbæk

    2008-01-01

    , mobility, and availability of services. The dissertation consists of two parts. Part I gives an overview of service oriented architecture for pervasive computing systems and describes the contributions of the publications listed in part II. We investigate architecture for vehicular technology applications......As computing devices, sensors, and actuators pervade our surroundings, new applications emerge with accompanying research challenges. In the transportation domain vehicles are being linked by wireless communication and equipped with an array of sensors and actuators that make is possible to provide...... location aware infotainment, increase safety, and lessen environmental strain. This dissertation is about service oriented architecture for pervasive computing with an emphasis on vehicle to vehicle applications. If devices are exposed as services, applications can be created by composing a set of services...

  19. Centralized administrative services management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freed, D H

    1994-06-01

    Virtually every hospital has imposed guidelines or controls on one or more administrative service expenses. However, the actual deployment of such strategies is often voluntary, decentralized, disjointed and episodic. An alternative approach is to cluster administrative elements across hospital departments and make them the responsibility of a dedicated manager. This approach treats administrative services as an organizing principle with uniform, predictable standards of service and cost. Customer requirements for products and services are met without the need for them to physically manage that process. Materiel managers can demonstrate a leadership role by applying their professionalism and know-how to a set of products and services traditionally ignored or dealt with in an uncoordinated manner. While some initial resistance can be expected as traditional barriers are disassembled, the results should be very rewarding for the hospital and materiel manager alike.

  20. Mapping cultural ecosystem services:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paracchini, Maria Luisa; Zulian, Grazia; Kopperoinen, Leena

    2014-01-01

    is required to address the issue, since by definition cultural services (encompassing physical, intellectual, spiritual interactions with biota) need to be analysed from multiple perspectives (i.e. ecological, social, behavioural). A second reason is the lack of data for large-scale assessments, as detailed......Research on ecosystem services mapping and valuing has increased significantly in recent years. However, compared to provisioning and regulating services, cultural ecosystem services have not yet been fully integrated into operational frameworks. One reason for this is that transdisciplinarity...... surveys are a main source of information. Among cultural ecosystem services, assessment of outdoor recreation can be based on a large pool of literature developed mostly in social and medical science, and landscape and ecology studies. This paper presents a methodology to include recreation...

  1. Service innovation in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Jin, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to advance our understanding of service innovation in China and to identify the major drivers and impediments for manufacturing companies pushing into services in China. Design/methodology/approach – By employing an in-depth longitudinal case of a Chinese company...... the industry by increasing transparency and connectedness between track owners and third-party logistics (3PL) companies. We find that the service concept helped the company to diversify as well as enhanced its growth and competitive advantages in a very competitive environment of the second and third tier...... Chinese cities. Both internal and external factors played a significant role in influencing the development and implementation of service innovation in the case. The paper details and discusses the factors that affect service innovation in China. Research Limitations – The study is exposed...

  2. Formation of Service Ecosystems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jonas, Julia M.; Sörhammar, David; Satzger, Gerhard

    – i.e. the “birth phase” (Moore, 2009) of a service ecosystem. This paper, therefore, aims to explore how the somewhat “magic” processes of service ecosystem formation that are being taken for granted actually occur. Methodology/Approach: Building on a review of core elements in the definitions......Purpose: Researchers in several different academic disciplines (such as marketing, information systems, and organization) have focused on investigating service and business ecosystems (e.g. Lusch and Nambisan, 2015; Gawer and Cusumano, 2014; Kude et al. 2012). We reviewed 69 papers in service...... science, operations management, marketing, and organization journals. The majority of these papers focus on describing established service ecosystems,often on a more abstract “meso-level” (Akaka et al., 2015). Key notions are “…self-contained, self-adjusting system[s] of resource integrating actors...

  3. Reinforcement Learning Based Web Service Compositions for Mobile Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Juan; Chen, Shouming

    In this paper, we propose a new solution to Reactive Web Service Composition, via molding with Reinforcement Learning, and introducing modified (alterable) QoS variables into the model as elements in the Markov Decision Process tuple. Moreover, we give an example of Reactive-WSC-based mobile banking, to demonstrate the intrinsic capability of the solution in question of obtaining the optimized service composition, characterized by (alterable) target QoS variable sets with optimized values. Consequently, we come to the conclusion that the solution has decent potentials in boosting customer experiences and qualities of services in Web Services, and those in applications in the whole electronic commerce and business sector.

  4. 75 FR 33740 - Indoor Tanning Services; Cosmetic Services; Excise Taxes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Parts 40 and 49 RIN 1545-BJ40 Indoor Tanning Services; Cosmetic Services... follows: Sec. 49.0-3 Introduction; cosmetic services. [The text of this proposed Sec. 49.0-3 is the same.... Subpart G is added to read as follows: Subpart G--Cosmetic Services Sec. 49.5000B-1 Indoor...

  5. Implementation of OGC Web Map Service Based on Web Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Wenjue; CHEN Yumin; GONG Jianya

    2004-01-01

    OGC Web Map Service is one kind of OGC Portrayal Services belongs to OGC Web Service model and it provides multi-platform interoperability of spatial data set. This paper presents a method for implementing OGC Web Map Service based on Web Service technique and introduces the detailed process.

  6. The service of public services performance measurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    2014-01-01

    that performance measurement serves as “rituals of verification” which promotes the interests of political masters and their mistresses rather than public service. Another area of concern is the cost of performance measurement. Hood & Peters (2004:278) note that performance measurement is likely to “distract...... the actual impact, the costs and unintended consequences associated with performance measurement. This paper identifies the main rationales and rationalities in the scholarly discourse on public services performance measurement. It concludes with some suggestions on how to deal with the many rationales......Nowadays, states spend more attention, time and money on performance measurement and evaluation in the public sector than ever before (OECD, 1996; Power, 1997; van Thiel et al., 2002). Result-based management is the talk of the day at all levels of the public sector; at local, regional, national...

  7. The new Service Desk

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    The Service Desk as single point of contact will replace the IT Help Desk and the SEM Support Help Desk as of the 15 February. In a joint effort to improve the services provided by IT and GS Departments, the following changes will be introduced as of the 15 February: One phone number to remember: 77777;   You will be provided access to a Service Portal from the CERN Home page under the heading “Services”. This Service Portal allows ‘google like’ searching as well as the creation of service requests (such as: painting) and incident tickets (such as: printing);   A service counter will welcome you on the 2nd floor of Building 55 and help you between 7h30 and 18h30 during CERN working days;   Emails to computing.helpdesk@cern.ch, sem.support@cern.ch or to similar ‘support-line’ email addresses will be handled as before. Below the surface a lot is changing (new tool including a service portal, ne...

  8. Service Science And Accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen G. Kerr

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of a new discipline of service science will creatively disturb the relationship between more established business disciplines.  Each discipline is not an independent silo.  As a result the purpose of this paper was to explore, at this early stage, how the new discipline may create opportunities for interdisciplinary scholarship.  The specific purpose of this paper was to explore how service science might interact with the scholarly and professional practice of accounting.  Accounting practice is dominated by a stewardship proposition.  The stewardship proposition is a problem because typical service science investments will receive unfavorable treatment.  Accounting’s other major proposition is valuation.  Areas of opportunity for positive contributions from a service science approach are discussed.  Service science, as viewed through an accounting lens, will have to find ways to overcome measurement and reporting methods that will not afford service science investments the full benefit of their strategic potential.  Several avenues for research into ways service science can improve accounting scholarship are suggested.

  9. Middle managers service leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucio Roberto Lescano Duncan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A big challenge in modern service organization is to focus on customers and to forge their satisfaction and loyalty. Innovation, information technology and value added are decisive factors, however the main aspect to consider is the human factor. It is necessary to focus on people in order to improve the service capability within the organization.Middle manager is the link between the strategy designed by top management and the execution to deliver services, that is realized by employees guided by leaders of middle level. Our study is focused on middle manager service orientation as the pillar to get a customer focus and to forge the service employees' performance.We consider that middle managers have to asume a service leadership in order to foster the productivity and employees' commitment. In that sense we focus especially on middle managers' main roles. Those are the key aspect to deploy a service culture, and at the same time to promote employees' satisfaction that drives their performance and development.

  10. Trusted Translation Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atif, Yacine; Serhani, Mohamed Adel; Campbell, Piers; Mathew, Sujith Samuel

    Administering multilingual Web sites and applications reliably, involves interconnected and multipart tasks, where trust in the involved parties and content translation sources is paramount. Published Web sites may reflect content from databases, content management systems and other repositories to manage related Web content. But a Web site mirrored wholly or selectively onto a target language version requires streamlined trusted processes. Traditionally, files are translated and transferred via FTP, e-mail, or other communication means. Similarly, translation instructions are communicated between involved parties through verbal instruction, e-mail, and instruction files lead to a variety of inconsistencies and lack of trust in the translation process. This paper proposes a Web service approach to streamline the translation processes and an integration of trust properties in the proposed translation Web services. Web Services have been instrumental in handling problems inherent to systems integration, allowing web-based systems to converse and communicate data automatically. The OASIS Translation Web Services Technical Committee has released a standard way for Web Services to serve the translation and localization business. This article proposes a framework to centralize translation services at a reputable source providing a workflow and a mechanism to quantify service trust. An implementation of the framework is also described in the context of a localization case study.

  11. Work engagement in the public service context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noesgaard, Mette Strange; Hansen, Jesper Rosenberg

    2016-01-01

    Work engagement has increasingly captured the attention of researchers and practitioners due to its positive impact on employee level outcomes and overall organizational performance (e.g. Bakker and Bal, 2010, Hallberg and Schaufeli, 2006). Therefore, several studies have been conducted in variou...... investigates the role of public service motivation (PSM) in relation to engagement and how it may be used to enhance engagement in a challenging public context characterized by high levels of emotional labor, control and increasing demands for efficiency....

  12. Programming NET Web Services

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Alex

    2007-01-01

    Web services are poised to become a key technology for a wide range of Internet-enabled applications, spanning everything from straight B2B systems to mobile devices and proprietary in-house software. While there are several tools and platforms that can be used for building web services, developers are finding a powerful tool in Microsoft's .NET Framework and Visual Studio .NET. Designed from scratch to support the development of web services, the .NET Framework simplifies the process--programmers find that tasks that took an hour using the SOAP Toolkit take just minutes. Programming .NET

  13. Approaching Service Innovation Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea NAGY

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims at analyzing the types of innovation in the field of services. First, the concept of innovation is defined and second, field literature is reviewed from the perspective of service innovation. The main types of innovation are identified based on several attempts at defining innovation, the most notable being Schumpeter’s. Thus, it is possible to approach concepts such as product and process innovation, incremental and radical innovation. Another aim has been to regard service innovation as a standout type of innovation.

  14. Medical Service Information

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    The Medical Service is pleased to inform you that a psychologist specialising in psychotherapy (member of the Swiss Federation of Psychologists- FSP), Mrs Sigrid Malandain, will be starting work at the CERN on 1 November 2010, in the premises of the Medical Service, Building 57-1-024. Members of CERN personnel can request individual consultations, by appointment, in French or in English, on Tuesdays and Thursdays by calling 78435 (Medical Service secretariat) or sending an e-mail to psychologist-me@cern.ch.

  15. ACB Service Final Closure

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2004-01-01

    As previously announced in CERN weekly Bulletin 18/2004 of 26th April 2004, and following a discussion at the Desktop Forum on 28th October, the Automatic Call Back (ACB) service will be definitely closed on Friday 10th December 2004. If the ACB phone number is dialed after that date over plain telephone or ISDN, the call will remain unanswered. Therefore, the remaining ACB users are encouraged to switch as soon as possible to ISPs (Internet Service Providers) which provide equivalent or better service. Some suggestions on how to make alternative arrangements have been made available on the Remote Access web site: http://www.cern.ch/ras IT Department

  16. ACB Service Final Closure

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2004-01-01

    As previously announced in CERN weekly Bulletin 18/2004 of 26 April 2004, and following a discussion at the Desktop Forum on 28 October, the Automatic Call Back (ACB) service will be definitely closed on Friday 10 December 2004. If the ACB phone number is dialed after that date over plain telephone or ISDN, the call will remain unanswered. Therefore, the remaining ACB users are encouraged to switch as soon as possible to ISPs (Internet Service Providers) which provide equivalent or better service. Some suggestions on how to make alternative arrangements have been made available on the Remote Access web site. IT Department

  17. Ecosystem services in ECOCLIM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lise Lotte; Boegh, Eva; Bendtsen, J;

    that actions initiated to reduce anthropogenic GHG emissions are sustainable and not destructive to existing ecosystem services. Therefore it is important to address i.e. land use change in relation to the regulating services of the ecosystems, such as carbon sequestration and climate regulation. At present...... a thorough understanding of the ecosystem processes controlling the uptake or emissions of GHG is fundamental. Here we present ECOCLIM in the context of ecosystem services and the experimental studies within ECOCLIM which will lead to an enhanced understanding of Danish ecosystems....

  18. Ajax and Web Services

    CERN Document Server

    Pruett, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Ajax and web services are a perfect match for developing web applications. Ajax has built-in abilities to access and manipulate XML data, the native format for almost all REST and SOAP web services. Using numerous examples, this document explores how to fit the pieces together. Examples demonstrate how to use Ajax to access publicly available web services fromYahoo! and Google. You'll also learn how to use web proxies to access data on remote servers and how to transform XML data using XSLT.

  19. Women in service uniforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Karaszewska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the problems of women who work in the uniformed services with the particular emphasis on the performing of the occupation of the prison service. It presents the legal issues relating to equal treatment of men and women in the workplace, formal factors influencing their employment, the status of women in prison, and the problems of their conducting in the professional role. The article also presents the results of research conducted in Poland and all over the world, on the functioning of women in prison and their relations with officers of the Prison Service, as well as with inmates.

  20. 75 FR 30704 - Arbitration Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    ... CONCILIATION SERVICE 29 CFR Part 1404 RIN 3076-AA12 Arbitration Services AGENCY: Federal Mediation and... Conciliation Service (FMCS) rules pertaining to arbitration services. It revises rules addressing the removal... final rule also provides that FMCS may decline to service any request by a party for an arbitration...

  1. Wearable probes for service design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mullane, Aaron; Laaksolahti, Jarmo Matti; Svanæs, Dag

    2014-01-01

    by service employees in reflecting on the delivery of a service. In this paper, we present the ‘wearable probe’, a probe concept that captures sensor data without distracting service employees. Data captured by the probe can be used by the service employees to reflect and co-reflect on the service journey...

  2. Data Element Registry Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Data Element Registry Services (DERS) is a resource for information about value lists (aka code sets / pick lists), data dictionaries, data elements, and EPA data...

  3. Climatological Services Memorandums

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Climatological Services Memorandums were a series of memoranda issued by the Weather Bureau for the purpose of keeping all stations informed on the status and...

  4. Voluntary Service System (VSS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — Voluntary Service System (VSS) is a national-level application which replaced the site-based Voluntary Timekeeping System (VTK). VTK was used for many years at the...

  5. Building Services Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zinzi, Michele; Romeo, Carlo; Thomsen, Kirsten Engelund

    2015-01-01

    This guideline on Building Services Systems is one of four guidelines produced by the School of the Future project. The other three guidelines cover: Building Construction Elements, Improved Indoor Environmental Quality and Concepts for Zero Emission Schools. This guideline consists...

  6. Financial Investment Services Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Anghelache

    2006-02-01

    Afterwards, the focus is set on the transparency and integrity of the operations. Another aspect is about the free circulation of services and about the role of the clearing fund, being distinguished all the sensitive elements this fund raises.

  7. Provider of Services File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The POS file contains data on characteristics of hospitals and other types of healthcare facilities, including the name and address of the facility and the type of...

  8. Complex Deployed Responsive Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry, Glenn; McLening, Marc; Caldwell, Nigel; Thompson, Rob

    A pizza restaurant must provide product, in the form of the food and drink, and service in the way this is delivered to the customer. Providing this has distinct operational challenges, but what if the restaurant also provides a home delivery service? The service becomes deployed as the customer is no-longer co-located with the production area. The business challenge is complicated as service needs to be delivered within a geographic region, to time or the pizza will be cold, and within a cost that is not ­prohibitive. It must also be responsive to short term demand; needing to balance the number of staff it has available to undertake deliveries against a forecast of demand.

  9. BioServices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cokelaer, Thomas; Pultz, Dennis; Harder, Lea M

    2013-01-01

    Web interfaces provide access to numerous biological databases. Many can be accessed to in a programmatic way thanks to Web Services. Building applications that combine several of them would benefit from a single framework....

  10. TAP Service Federation Factory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hume, A. C.; Krause, A.; Holliman, M.; Mann, R. G.; Noddle, K.; Voutsinas, S.

    2012-09-01

    This paper describes a prototype federation service for multiple TAP endpoints. Users can create a new TAP resource that allows them to query the federation as if all tables were in a single database.

  11. Geological Services Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Researchers use computed tomography (CT) scanners at NETL’s Geological Services Laboratory in Morgantown, WV, to peer into geologic core samples to determine how...

  12. Marketing School Food Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Wilma

    1990-01-01

    Marketing the food service program in an Ohio district is directed toward the students and also at the community, school administrators, teachers, and employees. Students are encouraged to follow a healthier way of eating. (MLF)

  13. Airport Status Web Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — A web service that allows end-users the ability to query the current known delays in the National Airspace System as well as the current weather from NOAA by airport...

  14. Distributed Web Service Repository

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Nawrocki

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The increasing availability and popularity of computer systems has resulted in a demand for new, language- and platform-independent ways of data exchange. That demand has in turn led to a significant growth in the importance of systems based on Web services. Alongside the growing number of systems accessible via Web services came the need for specialized data repositories that could offer effective means of searching of available services. The development of mobile systems and wireless data transmission technologies has allowed the use of distributed devices and computer systems on a greater scale. The accelerating growth of distributed systems might be a good reason to consider the development of distributed Web service repositories with built-in mechanisms for data migration and synchronization.

  15. Home Care Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Home care is care that allows a person with special needs stay in their home. It might be for people who are getting ... chronically ill, recovering from surgery, or disabled. Home care services include Personal care, such as help with ...

  16. Morocco - Financial Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The final evaluation of the Financial Services Project (FSP), undertaken by North South Consultants Exchange (NSCE), was undertaken from 17 April to end of September...

  17. ERNE Web Service API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Early Detection Research Network (EDRN) runs a distributed service known as the EDRN Resource Network Exchange (ERNE). ERNE is a virtual specimen bank. It...

  18. Customers' evaluation of service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Tsosa

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The analysis on the aspect chosen will provide an understanding and expand more on the strategic thinking that impact on corporate image on quality, customer satisfaction and loyalty for customers with varying degrees of service expertise.

  19. Service Robots for Hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Özkil, Ali Gürcan

    services to maintain the quality of healthcare provided. This thesis and the Industrial PhD project aim to address logistics, which is the most resource demanding service in a hospital. The scale of the transportation tasks is huge and the material flow in a hospital is comparable to that of a factory. We...... believe that these transportation tasks, to a great extent, can be and will be automated using mobile robots. This thesis consequently addresses the key technical issues of implementing service robots in hospitals. In simple terms, a robotic system for automating hospital logistics has to be reliable...... manual work and offer many advantages beyond robotics. Finally, this thesis outlines our contributions in representation of multi-floor buildings, which is a vital requirement to achieve robust and practical, real-world service robot applications....

  20. Rethinking Lean Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seddon, John; O'Donovan, Brendan; Zokaei, Keivan

    Ever since Levitt's influential Harvard Business Review article 'Production-Line Approach to Service' was published in 1972, it has been common for services to be treated like production lines in both the academic literature and more widely in management practice. The belief that achieving economies of scale will reduce unit costs is a common feature of management decision-making. As technological advancement has produced ever more sophisticated IT and telephony, it has become increasingly easier for firms to standardise and off-shore services. The development of the 'lean' literature has only helped to emphasise the same underlying management assumptions: by managing cost and workers' activity, organisational performance is expected to improve. This chapter argues that through misinterpretation of the core paradigm 'lean' has become subsumed into the 'business as usual' of conventional service management. As a result, 'lean' has become synonymous with 'process efficiency' and the opportunity for significant performance improvement - as exemplified by Toyota - has been missed.

  1. [Communicative process in the mobile emergency service (SAMU/192)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Maria Claudia; Bernardes, Andrea; Gabriel, Carmen Silvia; Evora, Yolanda Dora Martinez; Rocha, Fernanda Ludmilla Rossi

    2012-03-01

    This study aims to characterize the communication process among nursing assistants who work in vehicles of the basic life support of the mobile emergency service, in the coordination of this service, and in the unified medical regulation service in a city of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. This descriptive and qualitative research used the thematic content analysis for data analysis. Semi-structured interviews were used for the data collection, which was held in January, 2010. Results show diffculties in communication with both the medical regulation service and the coordination. Among the most highlighted aspects are failures during the radio transmission, lack of qualified radio operators, difficult access to the coordination and lack of supervision by nurses. However, it was possible to detect solutions that aim to improve the communication ana consequently, the service offered by the mobile emergency service.

  2. On Advertising Games and Spillover in Service Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Xu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivated by the industry cases, we model the advertising competition between the dominant service provider and small service providers in one service market, where the dominant service provider has a major market share and the other small service providers share the remainder of market equally. Based on this setting, we discuss three advertising game models, that is, cooperative game, Boxed Pig game, and Prisoner’s game, derive the conditions for different advertising games, and characterize their equilibria. To be specific, it is found that the advertising spillover and the number of the small service providers directly determines the advertising game equilibria, while other market parameters, to some extent, can affect the results of the advertising game equilibria. According to our theoretical findings, some management insights and suggestions are given from both the academic and practical perspectives.

  3. Chapter 59: Web Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, M. J.

    Web services are a cornerstone of the distributed computing infrastructure that the VO is built upon yet to the newcomer, they can appear to be a black art. This perception is not helped by the miasma of technobabble that pervades the subject and the seemingly impenetrable high priesthood of actual users. In truth, however, there is nothing conceptually difficult about web services (unsurprisingly any complexities will lie in the implementation details) nor indeed anything particularly new. A web service is a piece of software available over a network with a formal description of how it is called and what it returns that a computer can understand. Note that entities such as web servers, ftp servers and database servers do not generally qualify as they lack the standardized description of their inputs and outputs. There are prior technologies, such as RMI, CORBA, and DCOM, that have employed a similar approach but the success of web services lies predominantly in its use of standardized XML to provide a language-neutral way for representing data. In fact, the standardization goes further as web services are traditionally (or as traditionally as five years will allow) tied to a specific set of technologies (WSDL and SOAP conveyed using HTTP with an XML serialization). Alternative implementations are becoming increasingly common and we will cover some of these here. One important thing to remember in all of this, though, is that web services are meant for use by computers and not humans (unlike web pages) and this is why so much of it seems incomprehensible gobbledegook. In this chapter, we will start with an overview of the web services current in the VO and present a short guide on how to use and deploy a web service. We will then review the different approaches to web services, particularly REST and SOAP, and alternatives to XML as a data format. We will consider how web services can be formally described and discuss how advanced features such as security, state

  4. Medical Services: Patient Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Family planning services a. Family planning services (for example, counseling, prescription of oral contraceptive pills , and prescription of other methods...of contraception ) may be furnished to eligible persons requesting such care at Army MTFs. They will be provided to the extent that professional...table 2–2, table 2–3 Comfort items for patients, 4–3 Commercial transportation or travel, 2–6, 9–9 Consent by nonmilitary patient, 2–12 Contraception , 2

  5. Emergency Medical Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    Lewis Research Center helped design the complex EMS Communication System, originating from space operated telemetry, including the telemetry link between ambulances and hospitals for advanced life support services. In emergency medical use telemetry links ambulances and hospitals for advanced life support services and allows transmission of physiological data -- an electrocardiogram from an ambulance to a hospital emergency room where a physician reads the telemetered message and prescribes emergency procedures to ambulance attendants.

  6. Expert auditors’ services classification

    OpenAIRE

    Jolanta Wisniewska

    2013-01-01

    The profession of an expert auditor is a public trust occupation with a distinctive feature of taking responsibility for actions in the public interest. The main responsibility of expert auditors is performing financial auditing; however, expert auditors are prepared to carry out different tasks which encompass a wide plethora of financial and auditing services for different kinds of institutions and companies. The aim of the article is first of all the description of expert auditors’ service...

  7. Approaches to liberalizing services

    OpenAIRE

    Stephenson, Sherry M.

    1999-01-01

    Inly since completion of the Uruguay Round have developing countries in East AsOnly since completion of the Uruguay Round have developing countries in East Asia and the Western Hemisphere shown interest in liberalizing services. Ambitious effortsare now being made to incorporate services in liberalization objectives of both sub-regional and regional integration efforts, including in the Asia-Pacific region under APEC and in the Western Hemisphere under the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTA...

  8. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2002-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses: on telephone: 73802 by e-mail: Service.Medical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  9. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses - on telephone: 73802 - by e-mail:Service.Médical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  10. Reminder from Medical Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, contact the nurses on telephone: 73802 by e-mail: Service.Médical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  11. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor.For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802 or by electronic mail:Infirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.chMedicalService

  12. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses - on telephone: 73802 - by e-mail: Service.Médical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  13. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites,be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor.For information, call the Nurseson telephone: 73802.by electronic mail to:Infirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.chMedicalService

  14. Reminder from Medical Service

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2004-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses on telephone: 73802 by e-mail: Service.Medical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  15. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on telephone: 73802. by electronic mail to: Infirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Medical Service

  16. Implementing reliable Web services

    OpenAIRE

    Koskipää, Otto

    2012-01-01

    Web services are a common and standard way to implement communication between information systems and provide documented interfaces. The Web services are usually using SOAP because it is a widely-spread, well-documented and used standard. SOAP standard defines a message structure, an envelope, that is sent over internet using HTTP and contains XML data. An important part of the SOAP structure is the exception mechanism that returns a Fault element in the response. The SOAP Fault is a stan...

  17. Programming WCF Services

    CERN Document Server

    Lowy, Juval

    2008-01-01

    Programming WCF Services is the authoritative, bestselling introduction to Microsoft's unified platform for developing service-oriented applications (SOA) on Windows. This relentlessly practical book provides insight, not documentation, to help you learn the topics and skills you need for building WCF-based applications. Written by Microsoft software legend Juval Lowy, this new edition is revised for the latest productivity-enhancing features of C# 3.0 and the .NET 3.5 SP1 Framework.

  18. [Urban ecosystem services: A review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Qi-zheng; Huang, Gan-lin; Wu, Jian-guo

    2015-04-01

    Maintaining and improving ecosystem services in urban areas and human well-being are essential for sustainable development and therefore constitute an important topic in urban ecology. Here we reviewed studies on ecosystem services in urban areas. Based on the concept and classification of urban ecosystem services, we summarized characteristics of urban ecosystem services, including the human domination, high demand of ecosystem services in urban areas, spatial heterogeneity and temporal dynamics of ecosystem services supply and demand in urban areas, multi-services of urban green infrastructures, the socio-economic dimension of ecosystem services supply and ecosystem disservices in urban areas. Among different urban ecosystem services, the regulating service and cultural service are particularly indispensable to benefit human health. We pointed out that tradeoffs among different types of ecosystem services mostly occur between supportive service and cultural service, as well as regulating service and cultural service. In particular, we emphasized the relationship between landscape design (i.e. green infrastructure) and ecosystem services supply. Finally, we discussed current gaps to link urban ecosystem services studies to landscape design and management and pointed out several directions for future research in urban ecosystem services.

  19. Fishing for ecosystem services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Kevin L.; Pegg, Mark A.; Cole, Nicholas W.; Siddons, Stephen F.; Fedele, Alexis D.; Harmon, Brian S.; Ruskamp, Ryan L.; Turner, Dylan R.; Uerling, Caleb C.

    2016-01-01

    Ecosystems are commonly exploited and manipulated to maximize certain human benefits. Such changes can degrade systems, leading to cascading negative effects that may be initially undetected, yet ultimately result in a reduction, or complete loss, of certain valuable ecosystem services. Ecosystem-based management is intended to maintain ecosystem quality and minimize the risk of irreversible change to natural assemblages of species and to ecosystem processes while obtaining and maintaining long-term socioeconomic benefits. We discuss policy decisions in fishery management related to commonly manipulated environments with a focus on influences to ecosystem services. By focusing on broader scales, managing for ecosystem services, and taking a more proactive approach, we expect sustainable, quality fisheries that are resilient to future disturbances. To that end, we contend that: (1) management always involves tradeoffs; (2) explicit management of fisheries for ecosystem services could facilitate a transition from reactive to proactive management; and (3) adaptive co-management is a process that could enhance management for ecosystem services. We propose adaptive co-management with an ecosystem service framework where actions are implemented within ecosystem boundaries, rather than political boundaries, through strong interjurisdictional relationships.

  20. Industrial services at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The Bulletin looks at industrial services contracts and the real impact of the cost reductions at CERN. The level of industrial services contracts varies from one phase to another. For example, during the dismantling of LEP (photo) it rose substiantially to fall again at the end of dismantling. Industrial services contracts are an important resource for CERN. The level and nature of such contracts changes according to the phase of operation of the Laboratory. A construction phase, as for the LHC, requires a higher level of industrial services contracts compared with a period of normal running. During the operation of LEP, industrial services contracts were thus maintained at a level of 120 MCHF per year. The level rose to 156 MCHF in 2001 to include contracts awarded for dismantling LEP, and fell to about 144 MCHF in 2002 when the dismantling was complete. During the whole LHC construction period, up to 2007, industrial services spending will be stable in the range 135-140 MCHF per year. For the running pe...

  1. Service validity and service reliability of search, experience and credence services: A scenario study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galetzka, Mirjam; Verhoeven, Joost W.M.; Pruyn, Ad Th.H.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to add to our understanding of the antecedents of customer satisfaction by examining the effects of service reliability (Is the service “correctly” produced?) and service validity (Is the “correct” service produced?) of search, experience and credence services. Design

  2. 42 CFR 440.140 - Inpatient hospital services, nursing facility services, and intermediate care facility services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Definitions § 440.140 Inpatient hospital services, nursing facility services, and intermediate care facility... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inpatient hospital services, nursing facility services, and intermediate care facility services for individuals age 65 or older in institutions...

  3. Metrics for Service Availability and Service Reliability in Service-oriented Intelligence Information System,

    OpenAIRE

    Ackoski, Jugoslav; Trajkovik, Vladimir

    2012-01-01

    Intelligence Information System (IIS) proposed in this paper is based on service-oriented architecture. This paper gives contribution in definition of metrics for service reliability and service availability in terms of their usage by the end-user. Developed metrics for services have significant meaning for service-oriented Intelligence Information System.

  4. Program Service Reports Search Tool

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Program Service Reports provide information on reported demographics, services, and federal monitoring of Head Start and Early Head Start programs, beginning...

  5. US Forest Service Ecological Sections

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting ecological section boundaries within the conterminous United States. The map service contains regional geographic delineations for...

  6. US Forest Service Recreation Opportunities

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting the recreation opportunity information that the Forest Service collects through the Recreation Portal and shares with the public...

  7. 77 FR 32178 - Fiscal Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Fiscal Service Reinsuring Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Alterra Reinsurance USA, Inc. AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This...

  8. 75 FR 22689 - Fiscal Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Western Bonding Company AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service, Department of the Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is...

  9. The science of service systems

    CERN Document Server

    Demirkan, Haluk; Krishna, Vikas

    2011-01-01

    This book presents a multidisciplinary and multisectoral perspective on the nature of service systems, on research and practice in service and on the future directions to advance service science.  It offers theory-based research with actionable results.

  10. Improving Tradecraft of Services Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    Logistics Management Services , Equipment Related Services , Electronics and Communication Services , Medical Services , and Facilities Related Defense AT&L...Acquisition University (DAU) Service Acquisition Process for standardization. This seven step, team-focused approach relies on market research...detailed in BBP 3.0. Training and Tools BBP 1.0 and 2.0 rightly noted that services are required and overseen by DoD personnel that often are not

  11. Collaborative Location Aware Mobile Services

    OpenAIRE

    Konstantas, Dimitri; Seigneur, Jean-Marc

    2008-01-01

    Mobile devices and services are gaining every day more and more users with new services and applications appearing every day. The high success of new powerful mobile hardware able to support innovative services, like the iPhone and its competitors Blackberry and HTC, has shown that the users are anxiously waiting and are ready to adopt new (mobile) services and applications. Today mobile services are more complementary of the fixed network services, allowing the users to access traditional fi...

  12. Customer Complaint Behaviour in Service

    OpenAIRE

    Tronvoll, Bård

    2008-01-01

    It is vital for every service provider to get feedback from its customers. This is especially important when a customer has perceived an unfavourable service experience. One way to receive feedback from these customers is to encourage and make it easy for them to complain. Scholarly knowledge about complaint behaviour gives the service provider valuable insight about service problems and how to improve e.g. service offerings, service processes and interactions, to increase customer satisfacti...

  13. Point-of-service nerve conduction studies: an example of industry-driven disruptive innovation in health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesser, Eugene A; Starr, Jennifer; Kong, Xuan; Megerian, J Thomas; Gozani, Shai N

    2007-01-01

    Nerve conduction studies (NCS) and needle electromyography are useful and established diagnostic procedures for evaluating patients with signs and symptoms of neuromuscular disease. Although technological advances have occurred since the introduction of commercial electromyography instrumentation in the 1950s, most improvements have been evolutionary and were designed to benefit traditional users--neurologists and physiatrists specializing in electromyography. In the past seven years, instruments have been introduced that automate NCS and thereby enable a broader group of physicians, including internists and orthopedic surgeons, to perform these studies and utilize electromyographic data in the care of their patients. Automated NCS devices are an example of what Clayton Christensen terms a "disruptive innovation." In this article, automated NCS is contrasted with traditional electromyography, and the challenges and opposition to its widespread adoption are explored.

  14. Characterization of the Amaranthus palmeri Physiological Response to Glyphosate in Susceptible and Resistant Populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Escalada, Manuel; Gil-Monreal, Miriam; Zabalza, Ana; Royuela, Mercedes

    2016-01-13

    The herbicide glyphosate inhibits the plant enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) in the aromatic amino acid (AAA) biosynthetic pathway. The physiologies of an Amaranthus palmeri population exhibiting resistance to glyphosate by EPSPS gene amplification (NC-R) and a susceptible population (NC-S) were compared. The EPSPS copy number of NC-R plants was 47.5-fold the copy number of NC-S plants. Although the amounts of EPSPS protein and activity were higher in NC-R plants than in NC-S plants, the AAA concentrations were similar. The increases in total free amino acid and in AAA contents induced by glyphosate were more evident in NC-S plants. In both populations, the EPSPS protein increased after glyphosate exposure, suggesting regulation of gene expression. EPSPS activity seems tightly controlled in vivo. Carbohydrate accumulation and a slight induction of ethanol fermentation were detected in both populations.

  15. Characterizing the biocompatibility and tumor-imaging capability of Cu2S nanocrystals in vivo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulose, Aby Cheruvathoor; Veeranarayanan, Srivani; Mohamed, M. Sheikh; Sakamoto, Yasushi; Hirosawa, Narumi; Suzuki, Yuko; Zhang, Minfang; Yudasaka, Masako; Radhakrishnan, Neelima; Maekawa, Toru; Mohanan, P. V.; Sakthi Kumar, D.

    2015-07-01

    Multifunctional nanomaterial-based probes have had key impacts on high-resolution and high-sensitivity bioimaging and therapeutics. Typically, NIR-absorbing metal sulfide-based nanocrystals (NCs) are highly assuring due to their unique optical properties. Yet, their in vivo behavior remains undetermined, which in turn undermines their potential bioapplications. Herein, we have examined the application of PEGylated Cu2S NCs as tumor contrast optical nanoprobes as well as investigated the short- and long-term in vivo compatibility focusing on anti-oxidant defense mechanism, genetic material, immune system, and vital organs. The studies revealed an overall safe profile of the NCs with no apparent toxicity even at longer exposure periods. The acquired observations culminate into a set of primary safety data of this nanomaterial and the use of PEGylated Cu2S NCs as promising optical nanoprobes with immense futuristic bioapplications.

  16. Generic Network Location Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laban Mwansa

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This work presents the Generic Network Location Service based on the Chord implementation utilizing data structures called distributed hash tables (DHT or structured overlay networks, which are used to build scalable self-managing distributed systems. The provided algorithms guarantee resilience in the presence of dynamism: they guarantee consistent lookup results in the presence of nodes failing and leaving. Generic Network Location Service provides a Location Service system based on DHT technology, which is storing device location records in nodes within a Chord DHT. Location records are consisting of network device identification keys as attributes, which are used to create replicas of additional location records through established Chord hashing mechanisms. Storing device location records, in places address-able (using the DHT lookup by individual location record keys provides a simple way of implementing transla¬tion functions similar to well¬ known network services (e.g. ARP, DNS, ENUM. The generic network location ser¬vice presented in the paper is not supposed to be a substitu¬tion of the existing translation techniques (e.g. ARP, DNS, ENUM, but it is considered as an overlay service that uses data available in existing systems and provides some translations currently unavailable.

  17. 76 FR 46677 - Indoor Tanning Services; Cosmetic Services Excise Taxes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Parts 40 and 49 RIN 1545-BJ40 Indoor Tanning Services; Cosmetic Services Excise Taxes AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice of public hearing...

  18. Engineering healthcare as a service system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tien, James M; Goldschmidt-Clermont, Pascal J

    2010-01-01

    Engineering has and will continue to have a critical impact on healthcare; the application of technology-based techniques to biological problems can be defined to be technobiology applications. This paper is primarily focused on applying the technobiology approach of systems engineering to the development of a healthcare service system that is both integrated and adaptive. In general, healthcare services are carried out with knowledge-intensive agents or components which work together as providers and consumers to create or co-produce value. Indeed, the engineering design of a healthcare system must recognize the fact that it is actually a complex integration of human-centered activities that is increasingly dependent on information technology and knowledge. Like any service system, healthcare can be considered to be a combination or recombination of three essential components - people (characterized by behaviors, values, knowledge, etc.), processes (characterized by collaboration, customization, etc.) and products (characterized by software, hardware, infrastructures, etc.). Thus, a healthcare system is an integrated and adaptive set of people, processes and products. It is, in essence, a system of systems which objectives are to enhance its efficiency (leading to greater interdependency) and effectiveness (leading to improved health). Integration occurs over the physical, temporal, organizational and functional dimensions, while adaptation occurs over the monitoring, feedback, cybernetic and learning dimensions. In sum, such service systems as healthcare are indeed complex, especially due to the uncertainties associated with the human-centered aspects of these systems. Moreover, the system complexities can only be dealt with methods that enhance system integration and adaptation.

  19. NDE Studies on CRDMs Removed From Service

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doctor, Steven R.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Schuster, George J.; Hockey, Ronald L.; Abrefah, John

    2005-12-31

    Studies being conducted at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington are focused on assessing the effectiveness of NDE inspections of control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) nozzles and J-groove weldments. The primary objective of this work is to provide information to the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) on the effectiveness of ultrasonic testing (UT) and eddy current testing (ET) as related to the in-service inspection of CRDM nozzles and J-groove weldments, and to enhance the knowledge base of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) through destructive characterization of the CRDM assemblies. In describing two CRDM assemblies removed from service, decontaminated, and then used in a series of NDE measurements, this paper will address the following questions: 1) What did each technique detect?, 2) What did each technique miss?, 3) How accurately did each technique characterize the detected flaws? Two CRDM assemblies including the CRDM nozzle, the J-groove weld, buttering, and a portion of the ferritic head material were selected for this study. One contained suspected PWSCC, based on in-service inspection data; the other contained evidence suggesting through-wall leakage, but this was unconfirmed. The selected NDE measurements follow standard industry techniques for conducting in-service inspections of CRDM nozzles and the crown of the J-groove welds and buttering. In addition, laboratory based NDE methods will be employed to conduct inspections of the CRDM assemblies, with particular emphasis on inspecting the J-groove weld and buttering. This paper will also describe the NDE methods used and discus the NDE results. Future work will involve using the results from these NDE studies to guide the development of a destructive characterization plan to reveal the crack morphology, to be compared with NDE responses.

  20. Conceptual service architecture for adaptive mobile location services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Saowanee

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a conceptual service architecture for adaptive mobile location services designed to be used on the next generation wireless network. The developed service architecture consists of a set of concepts, principles, rules and guidelines for constructing, deploying, and operating...... the mobile location services. The service architecture identifies the components required to build the mobile location services and describes how these components are combined and how they should interact. As a means of exploring the developed conceptual service architecture, an illustrative case study...

  1. Public Service Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca-Marilena Mihalcioiu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Public Service Motivation concept was developed in North America and focuses on specific motivations of public servants, such as employee satisfaction, organizational commitment, reward preferences, organizational and individual performance. Other types of motivation, as financial consideration, are relevant but have less important influences with regard to this kind of work outcomes. This strengthen the assertion for a diversified motivational strategy, which affect various types of motivation, while not losing sight of the public value that one organization shows and therefore valuing public service motivation as a specific contribution to work outcomes. The concept has been increasingly applied in European public administration. This paper presents Status Quo of international Public Service Motivation research and locates in them empirical evidences from contries that are already working with this concept, like Austria. It also analyses implications for central questions of public management. The main focus of this article is general appropriateness and possible applications for Romanian public management research.

  2. The Internationalisation of Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Vad, Torben

    2003-01-01

    A recent Danish survey found that, in terms of the internationalisation of services, international WTO negotiations in this area will have to focus on a large number of issues. Moreover, the survey also highlighted the fact that many problems still exist within the European Union. Outlining a num...... a number of the barriers that companies face on foreign markets, the survey's overall results indicate that many of these obstacles prevent the internationalisation of services.......A recent Danish survey found that, in terms of the internationalisation of services, international WTO negotiations in this area will have to focus on a large number of issues. Moreover, the survey also highlighted the fact that many problems still exist within the European Union. Outlining...

  3. Navigating Distributed Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beute, Berco

    2002-01-01

    , to a situation where they are distributedacross the Internet. The second trend is the shift from a virtual environment that solelyconsists of distributed documents to a virtual environment that consists of bothdistributed documents and distributed services. The third and final trend is theincreasing diversity...... of devices used to access information on the Internet.The focal point of the thesis is an initial exploration of the effects of the trends onusers as they navigate the virtual environment of distributed documents and services.To begin the thesis uses scenarios as a heuristic device to identify and analyse...... themain effects of the trends. This is followed by an exploration of theory of navigationInformation Spaces, which is in turn followed by an overview of theories, and the stateof the art in navigating distributed services. These explorations of both theory andpractice resulted in a large number of topics...

  4. Marketing Mix in Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălin Grădinaru

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In a hypercompetitive environment, one in which it is difficult to gain substantial competitive advantages, it is becoming harder and harder to differentiate yourself from the rest, especially when activating in the services field. In order for a company to scientifically act, react and manage to satisfy as well as possible the customer’s needs, it should carry out a rigorous management process of services marketing. In the past, the marketing mix comprised 4Ps: product, price, place and promotion. As the client’s requirements grow and become more complex, an irrefragable need occurs to extend the traditional marketing mix with another 3Ps: people, physical evidence and process, that highlights the importance of these elements and place them on the relevancy scale that no manager should ever neglect. The aim of the article is to render in brief the components of the marketing mix in services. The research methodology is literature review.

  5. Trade in tourism services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Camilla; Zhang, Jie

    2013-01-01

    The article addresses two questions related with tourism as a service trade. Can tourism be explained as other export activities? Does service liberalisation have a positive or negative impact on tourism receipts in destination countries? Previous research has either focused on the demand side...... factors (i.e. factors of demand in the origin countries) or on tourism as a long-run factor of economic growth. The research shows that a complementary perspective such as that offered by trade in a supply side perspective can render additional insights towards understanding tourism. This approach can...... explain why countries have absolute and comparative advantage. Another finding is that tourism as an export can be explained by some of the same destination factors that explain other service exports. Using different panel estimators the importance of supply side factors that are to some extent exclusive...

  6. Defining product service systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Timothy Charles; Andreasen, Mogens Myrup

    2002-01-01

    , for example, a factor 20 improvement in our environmental performance. One attempt, however, has recently emerged, which combines the product as an artefact with the service that the product provides to the user. Through the combination of these two facets, the company retains ownership of the physical...... artefact and instead provides what the customer really wants the actual functionality from the product. This enables a series of potential improvements to the product´s performance throughout its lifecycle. The ideal of product service system (PSS) development is that all three stakeholder groups customer......, company and society benefit from the service systems related to each one of these dimensions, rather than simply one of the above. There are existing examples of the enhancement of business and market share by focusing on PSS, but this is often not a result of upfront strategy and ambitious goals. We...

  7. Liner Service Network Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brouer, Berit Dangaard

    is based upon improving the constructed solution by applying an IP model as a large scale neighbourhood to each service in the network. The IP is based on estimating the benefit of inserting and removing port calls within a predefined neighborhood of candidate ports. Furthermore, the heuristic applies...... may be improved upon by combining it with more advanced local search methods to remove and introduce services in the network. The matheuristic may also be applied at a tactical level, as an existing network may be used as input and improved upon by the heuristic. It is also possible to optimize upon...... a predefined subset of services, while maintaining a full view of the cargo flows in the network. This could prove a valuable decisions support tool for planners when the network is incrementally adjusted to new market situations and to evaluate the consequence of strategic decisions. The thesis contributes...

  8. Final Environmental Planning Technical Report. Public Services and Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    modifications or additions will be made to 11 existing buildings. Approximately 400,000 square feet of floor space will be built or modified. A new road...capacity and adequacy, to characterize the level of service delivery in the ROI. Library service parameters analyzed were facili- ties ( floor and shelf space...Occupations Diesel Mechanics Safety Education Early Childhood Secretary Development Waiter- Waitress Welding-Gas, Arc, Heliarc University Parallel Areas

  9. Reasoning About a Service-oriented Programming Paradigm

    OpenAIRE

    Claudio Guidi; Fabrizio Montesi

    2009-01-01

    This paper is about a new way for programming distributed applications: the service-oriented one. It is a concept paper based upon our experience in developing a theory and a language for programming services. Both the theoretical formalization and the language interpreter showed us the evidence that a new programming paradigm exists. In this paper we illustrate the basic features it is characterized by.

  10. Basic Functional Capabilities for a Military Message Processing Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-09-01

    Characterizations During Preparation 31 Post-Preparation Phases 38 Transmission 38 Delivery 39 Reception 41 Archival 44 Administrativo Functions 44...a situation would exist in practice. The service would have to interface to other message services, both manual and automated. While discussion of... Manual , CINCPACINST 5400.2 Series, 1972, 1973-4 updates. 4 Ellis, T. 0., L G, Gallenson, .i. F. Heafner, and .1 T. Melvin, A Plan for Consolidation end

  11. Quantitative analysis of access strategies to remoteinformation in network services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Rasmus Løvenstein; Schwefel, Hans-Peter; Hansen, Martin Bøgsted

    2006-01-01

    Remote access to dynamically changing information elements is a required functionality for various network services, including routing and instances of context-sensitive networking. Three fundamentally different strategies for such access are investigated in this paper: (1) a reactive approach......, network delay characterization) and specific requirements on mismatch probability, traffic overhead, and access delay. Finally, the analysis is applied to the use-case of context-sensitive service discovery....

  12. Caracterização das vítimas de ferimentos por arma de fogo, atendidas pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência em Campo Grande-MS Characterization of victims injured by firearms assisted by the Mobile Emergency Care Service in Campo Grande-MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Sanches

    2009-03-01

    the Mobile Emergency Care Service (SAMU - Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência in the municipality of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS, in the period from April 2005 to April 2007 - the first two years of operation since the implementation of the service in the capital of the state. A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out, based on a documental analysis of the information system of the SAMU of Campo Grande. In the study, 233 events were described. The results showed 213 male victims aged between 20 and 24 years. The head and neck were the most injured parts of the body and the South region of the city was the one that concentrated most events. It follows that violence caused by firearms in Campo Grande, MS, affects the economically active population and comes from regions characterized by poverty and social inequality. This justifies the implementation of a free service like SAMU, which has had an important impact on the community's health.

  13. Caracterização do perfil diagnóstico e fluxo de um ambulatório de Fonoaudiologia hospitalar na área de Linguagem infantil Characterization of the diagnostic profile and flow of a Speech-Language Pathology service in child language within a public hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Pupin Mandrá

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil diagnóstico e o fluxo de usuários de um serviço de Fonoaudiologia de um hospital escola público. MÉTODOS: A coleta foi realizada em documentos, arquivos de prontuário, selecionados por código no período entre outubro de 2007 e março de 2009. Após o registro, os resultados foram descritos estatisticamente. RESULTADOS: Houve predomínio do gênero masculino (67,8%; em 58,95% a faixa etária estava entre 0 e 7 anos; 88,48% da população era procedente de municípios da região norte do estado de São Paulo; 43,2% vinham do serviço neurologia do hospital e 33,6% frequentavam escola. Quanto ao diagnóstico 27,5% eram de atraso de linguagem, 20,06% de distúrbios de linguagem e 15,51% de distúrbios da aprendizagem, com prevalências de 0,31, 0,17 e 0,23 casos em 273, respectivamente. As comorbidades foram: retardo do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor (14,28% e prematuridade (8,69%. Os encaminhamentos eram para Audiologia (24,77% e Odontologia (20,18% e 51,64% dos usuários estavam em lista de espera para terapia no local. CONCLUSÃO: Prevaleceu o diagnóstico de atraso de linguagem em crianças do gênero masculino, com idade entre 0 e 6 anos e 11 meses. Foi identificado um fluxo externo proveniente de município da região e interno (ambulatorial. Parte da demanda foi absorvida pelo serviço, parte aguardava por reabilitação e uma parcela foi contra-referenciada às unidades de origem.PURPOSE: To characterize the diagnostic profile and the users flow of a Speech-Language Pathology service within a public teaching hospital. METHODS: Data were collected from documents and medical records selected by code between October 2007 and March 2009. Data were subjected to descriptive statistics. RESULTS: There was a predominance of male individuals (67.80%; 58.95% of the patients/participants were children within the age range from 0 to 7 years; 88.48% came from cities in the northern region of the state of S

  14. Service technologies as factor of service and tourism companies' competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Zhanna Gornostaeva; Vladimir Zhidkov

    2014-01-01

    The authors define the role of service technology in shaping the quality of service and tourism companies, the authors' method of measuring the quality of service and tourism businesses and developing a conceptual model of quality of service and the conceptual model of the internal quality of the service, and also carry out testing of the model on the example of the 'Intourist' Hotel in Volgograd, Russia.

  15. Windows Azure mobile services

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    Get up and running with Windows Azure Mobile Services Windows Azure Mobile Services (WAMS) is a turn-key backend solution for applications, mobile or otherwise, to utilize structured storage in the cloud. It includes basic data access functionality and built-in authentication with Microsoft Account, Facebook, Twitter and Google, as well as push notification to the client app. This compact, to the point book gives you just what you need to get up and running with these tools. Demonstrates how to add, update, delete and retrieve data using standard .NET classes or REST-based requestsDescribes h

  16. RESTful Web Services Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Allamaraju, Subbu

    2010-01-01

    While the REST design philosophy has captured the imagination of web and enterprise developers alike, using this approach to develop real web services is no picnic. This cookbook includes more than 100 recipes to help you take advantage of REST, HTTP, and the infrastructure of the Web. You'll learn ways to design RESTful web services for client and server applications that meet performance, scalability, reliability, and security goals, no matter what programming language and development framework you use. Each recipe includes one or two problem statements, with easy-to-follow, step-by-step i

  17. Service dogs. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) amends its regulations concerning veterans in need of service dogs. Under this final rule, VA will provide to veterans with visual, hearing, or mobility impairments benefits to support the use of a service dog as part of the management of such impairments. The benefits include assistance with veterinary care, travel benefits associated with obtaining and training a dog, and the provision, maintenance, and replacement of hardware required for the dog to perform the tasks necessary to assist such veterans.

  18. SQL Server Integration Services

    CERN Document Server

    Hamilton, Bill

    2007-01-01

    SQL Server 2005 Integration Services (SSIS) lets you build high-performance data integration solutions. SSIS solutions wrap sophisticated workflows around tasks that extract, transform, and load (ETL) data from and to a wide variety of data sources. This Short Cut begins with an overview of key SSIS concepts, capabilities, standard workflow and ETL elements, the development environment, execution, deployment, and migration from Data Transformation Services (DTS). Next, you'll see how to apply the concepts you've learned through hands-on examples of common integration scenarios. Once you've

  19. Spectrum Services 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobos, L.; Budavári, T.; Csabai, I.; Szalay, A. S.

    2008-10-01

    We present the Filter and Spectrum Services consisting of easy-to-use web applications and web services for searching, plotting and managing large collections of spectral energy distribution data and filter profiles as well as for performing various scientific operations on spectra in a unified framework. The services provide keyword search, advanced query forms and SQL query possibilities for selecting spectra or bandpass curves which may be retrieved in a variety of file formats including XML, VOTable and ASCII. All SDSS DR1-DR5 spectra had been loaded into a database as well as the entire 2dF catalog that adds up to more than 2.5 million SEDs of about a million spatial objects, but registered users can upload their own data making it available for the rest of the community and are free to modify or delete them at any time. Theoretical catalogs, such as the Bruzual-Charlot stochastic burst model spectrum library (100k spectra) and the BaSeL stellar library are also available. Scientific services allow building rest-frame composite spectra out of selected spectra; calculating synthetic magnitudes by convolving spectra with an arbitrary set of bandpass curves of optical instrument filters to generate simulated photometric catalogs on-the-fly; galactic extinction correction, fitting of the continuum using different set of templates (Bruzual-Charlot '03 templates, SDSS eigenspectra), line fitting. All scientific functionalities are available from the web user interface and via the SOAP web services for programmers. MySpectrum is a cross-platform version of the spectrum web service for setting up your own spectrum repository. It integrates into the main service allowing easy access to your data for the whole VO community. The main idea behind our web services is to move scientific functionalities physically close to the database in order to spare network bandwidth. This way scientists may do research without setting up expensive hardware, downloading large datasets

  20. Astronomical Software Directory Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanisch, Robert J.; Payne, Harry; Hayes, Jeffrey

    1997-01-01

    With the support of NASA's Astrophysics Data Program (NRA 92-OSSA-15), we have developed the Astronomical Software Directory Service (ASDS): a distributed, searchable, WWW-based database of software packages and their related documentation. ASDS provides integrated access to 56 astronomical software packages, with more than 16,000 URLs indexed for full-text searching. Users are performing about 400 searches per month. A new aspect of our service is the inclusion of telescope and instrumentation manuals, which prompted us to change the name to the Astronomical Software and Documentation Service. ASDS was originally conceived to serve two purposes: to provide a useful Internet service in an area of expertise of the investigators (astronomical software), and as a research project to investigate various architectures for searching through a set of documents distributed across the Internet. Two of the co-investigators were then installing and maintaining astronomical software as their primary job responsibility. We felt that a service which incorporated our experience in this area would be more useful than a straightforward listing of software packages. The original concept was for a service based on the client/server model, which would function as a directory/referral service rather than as an archive. For performing the searches, we began our investigation with a decision to evaluate the Isite software from the Center for Networked Information Discovery and Retrieval (CNIDR). This software was intended as a replacement for Wide-Area Information Service (WAIS), a client/server technology for performing full-text searches through a set of documents. Isite had some additional features that we considered attractive, and we enjoyed the cooperation of the Isite developers, who were happy to have ASDS as a demonstration project. We ended up staying with the software throughout the project, making modifications to take advantage of new features as they came along, as well as

  1. Ecosystem services and dis-services to agriculture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Wei; Swinton, Scott M. [Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1039 (United States); Ricketts, Taylor H. [Conservation Science Program, World Wildlife Fund - U.S., Washington, DC 20037 (United States); Kremen, Claire [Department of Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3114 (United States); Carney, Karen [U.S. Agency for International Development, Biodiversity and Forestry Team, Washington, DC 20523 (United States)

    2007-12-15

    Agricultural ecosystems are actively managed by humans to optimize the provision of food, fiber, and fuel. These ecosystem services from agriculture, classified as provisioning services by the recent Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, depend in turn upon a web of supporting and regulating services as inputs to production (e.g., soil fertility and pollination). Agriculture also receives ecosystem dis-services that reduce productivity or increase production costs (e.g., herbivory and competition for water and nutrients by undesired species). The flows of these services and dis-services directly depend on how agricultural ecosystems are managed and upon the diversity, composition, and functioning of remaining natural ecosystems in the landscape. Managing agricultural landscapes to provide sufficient supporting and regulating ecosystem services and fewer dis-services will require research that is policy-relevant, multidisciplinary and collaborative. This paper focuses on how ecosystem services contribute to agricultural productivity and how ecosystem dis-services detract from it. We first describe the major services and dis-services as well as their key mediators. We then explore the importance of scale and economic externalities for the management of ecosystem service provision to agriculture. Finally, we discuss outstanding issues in regard to improving the management of ecosystem services and dis-services to agriculture. (author)

  2. Service Learning in Introductory Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orleski, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Service learning is a method of instruction where the students in a course use the course's content in a service project. The service is included as a portion of the students' course grades. During the fall semester 2010, service learning was incorporated into the Introduction to Astronomy course at Misericordia University. The class had eight…

  3. Sinopec International Petroleum Service Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Established in December 2003, Sinopec international Petroleum Service Corporation (SIPSC) is a fullyowned subsidiary of China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group). The company is mainly engaged in contracting international petroleum service projects and providing technical services, and is responsible for uniform management, coordination and organization of contracted international projects and labor service cooperation performed by Sinopec's upstream subsidiaries.

  4. The "Different Voice" of Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foos, Catherine Ludlum

    1998-01-01

    Relates Carol Gilligan's two perspectives on moral reasoning (care and justice) to discussions in service learning circles concerning the relationship between charity and social change as orientations of service and service-learning and to the nature of "self." The discussion informs the questions of what constitutes "mature" service and of how to…

  5. The Competitive Advantage: Client Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leffel, Linda G.; DeBord, Karen B.

    The adult education literature contains a considerable amount of research on and discussion of client service in the marketing process, management and staff roles in service- and product-oriented businesses, and the importance of client service and service quality to survival in the marketplace. By applying the principles of client-oriented…

  6. Service Learning in Introductory Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orleski, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Service learning is a method of instruction where the students in a course use the course's content in a service project. The service is included as a portion of the students' course grades. During the fall semester 2010, service learning was incorporated into the Introduction to Astronomy course at Misericordia University. The class had…

  7. Depository Libraries and Public Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessler, Ridley

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the Wright State University (Ohio) Library policy directive on customer service, and suggests this document as a model to follow in setting up service standards or guidelines for depository-library services. Draft-depository library public-service guidelines for government information in electronic format are appended. (JAK)

  8. Achieving a sustainable service advantage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyne, K P

    1993-01-01

    Many managers believe that superior service should play little or no role in competitive strategy; they maintain that service innovations are inherently copiable. However, the author states that this view is too narrow. For a company to achieve a lasting service advantage, it must base a new service on a capability gap that competitors cannot or will not copy.

  9. 78 FR 28652 - Excepted Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... DC120012 3/29/2013 Assistant Secretary Innovation and for Economic Entrepreneurship. Development... MANAGEMENT Excepted Service AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This... Executive Resources Services, Senior Executive Service and Performance Management, Employee Services,...

  10. Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activities of Organotin (IV Methylcyclohexyldithiocarbamate Compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Normah Awang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The growing interest in the chemistry of sulphur donor ligands are due to their encouraging anticancer, antibacterial and antifungal activities as well as their widespread industrial application. Dithiocarbamates belong to this class and much attention has been paid to them. Approach: Novel organotin compounds with the molecular formula RmSn[S2CN(CH3(C6H11]4-m (where m = 2, R = CH3, C2H5; m = 3, R = C6H5 have been synthesized using in situ method. These compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Results: Elemental analysis revealed that all compounds were of good purity. Infrared spectra of the compounds showed that the thioureide ν(C-N band was in the region 1450-1500 cm−1. The unsplitting band of ν(C-S in the region 974-979 cm−1 indicated the bidentate nature of the chelated dithiocarbamato legends. The 13C NMR chemical shift of the carbon atom in the N-CS2 group appeared in the range of 196.29-199.82 ppm. Single crystal analysis from one of these compounds showed that the chelating mode of the dithiocarbamate groups was isobidentate. These compounds have been screened for antibacterial activity against four bacteria; Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis. Only one of these compounds shows promising results against S. aureus and S. typhi. Cytotoxicity screening on human leukemic promyelocyte HL-60 cells found that two of these compounds were very active with CD50 values of 0.87 and 0.18 µg mL−1. Conclusion: The studied compounds were found to have the potential in biological activity especially in cytotoxicity where this possibly can be used for clinical trials after further research.

  11. Web services development in Java

    OpenAIRE

    Porenta, Dane

    2012-01-01

    We focused on web services and their development. We presented two of the most common types of web services: SOAP and REST web services. We showed how they work, how to develop and ways how client can invoke them. Looking into SOAP web service details we described it's SOAP protocol and WSDL file for describing web service. We also described WS–* specifications and WS–I Basic Profile, which helps with interoperability. After describing SOAP web services, we described REST web services. Here w...

  12. Challenging the Service Cost Paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibert, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    Most healthcare organizations are looking to find more efficient and cost-effective ways of delivering service as they are challenged to assume more risk in order to provide timely and cost effective care. Alternative service with an independent service organization or third party may be an easy and rewarding solution. Serious consideration should be given purchase/service cycle and into a lower cost service paradigm designed to provide excellent service tailored to a facility's specific needs. In this article, an evaluation of all service model options is provided, as well as examples including a CT acquisition, pro formas, and program development.

  13. Towards structural web services discovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jiang-feng

    2008-01-01

    A syntactic and structural matching mechanism for service discovery was put forward, which tries to exploit the underlying semantics of web services to enhance the traditional syntactic service discovery. We commit WSDL (Web Service Description Language) as service description language. The syntactic matching mechanism is based on the textual similarity among WSDL documents using VSM (Vector Space Model). The structural information is extracted from WSDL document tree or the invocation sequence of a series of services which can be viewed as the problem of graph isomorphism. Then we combine the syntactic and structural similarity linearly to calculate the service similarity. Finally we provide a novel web services discovery framework named SG* to find the exact services meeting the users' goals based on service similarity.

  14. Synthesis and characterization of Ag2S x Se1-x nanocrystals and their photoelectrochemical property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Changyin; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Wang, Peng; Shen, Hongzhi; Gao, Wenzhu; Wang, Yiding; Yu, William W

    2017-02-10

    I-VI chalcogenide low-toxicity semiconductors and their near-infrared optical property are of great importance for solar cell and biological probe applications. Here, we report the synthesis of Ag2S x Se1-x (x = 0-1) ternary nanocrystals (NCs) and their photoelectrochemical properties, using a refined simple hot-injection reaction recipe. The ICP-MS results show the change of non-metallic composition in products and precursors, which can be well fitted with Vegard's equation. Ternary alloying broadens the absorption spectrum region of Ag2S NCs. It can also balance the transfer of photo-excited electrons through the interfaces of TiO2/Ag2S x Se1-x and Ag2S x Se1-x /electrolyte by minimizing electron-hole recombination. By tuning the compositions, an increase in power conversion efficiency (PCE) was observed with the increase of S composition and the size of the NCs. The photoelectrochemical results reveal that Ag2S x Se1-x ternary NCs exhibit higher conversion efficiency than pure binary NCs. The drop in PCE of the binary NCs is mainly attributed to the decreases of the charge separation following exciton transition.

  15. Synthesis and characterization of Ag2S x Se1-x nanocrystals and their photoelectrochemical property

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Changyin; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Wang, Peng; Shen, Hongzhi; Gao, Wenzhu; Wang, Yiding; Yu, William W.

    2017-02-01

    I-VI chalcogenide low-toxicity semiconductors and their near-infrared optical property are of great importance for solar cell and biological probe applications. Here, we report the synthesis of Ag2S x Se1-x (x = 0-1) ternary nanocrystals (NCs) and their photoelectrochemical properties, using a refined simple hot-injection reaction recipe. The ICP-MS results show the change of non-metallic composition in products and precursors, which can be well fitted with Vegard’s equation. Ternary alloying broadens the absorption spectrum region of Ag2S NCs. It can also balance the transfer of photo-excited electrons through the interfaces of TiO2/Ag2S x Se1-x and Ag2S x Se1-x /electrolyte by minimizing electron-hole recombination. By tuning the compositions, an increase in power conversion efficiency (PCE) was observed with the increase of S composition and the size of the NCs. The photoelectrochemical results reveal that Ag2S x Se1-x ternary NCs exhibit higher conversion efficiency than pure binary NCs. The drop in PCE of the binary NCs is mainly attributed to the decreases of the charge separation following exciton transition.

  16. Acquisition Reform Through Service Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    improvement in each of the competing services. Dr. William Turcotte discussed some of the flaws in the current DOD structure in his article, “Service...Rivalry Overshadowed.” Rivalry between the services is often proposed as a positive incentive for each service to excel, but Dr. Turcotte suggested...friendlyversion/printversion.cfm?documentID=3354, 1. 26 Dr. William E. Turcotte , “Service Rivalry Overshadowed.” Airpower Journal, Fall 1996. http

  17. Library Reference Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Constance; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Seven articles on library reference services highlight reference obsolescence in academic libraries, major studies of unobtrusive reference tests, methods for evaluating reference desk performance, reference interview evaluation, problems of reference desk control, online searching by end users, and reference collection development in…

  18. Mastering ServiceNow

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This book is intended for those who are familiar with web technologies such as JavaScript. We start from the computing fundamentals to understand how ServiceNow is architected, working from the ground up to really leverage the full capabilities of the platform.

  19. MANAGEMENT OF MEDICAL SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARBU MARIA-MAGDALENA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The offer of medical services depends on medical personnel and more than this, on the management in the medical field since any resource not managed well or not managed at all is only a lost one, regardless its value. Management is therefore the key, the

  20. Ready Computer Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian

    2006-01-01

    @@ As a large scale modern commercial conference,Partenariat 2006 will offer convenient computer services which are necessary in improving efficiency. This is a very complicated job. The Preparation Commission has a special group to be in charge of the job. China's Foreign Trade interviewed Tan Ke, head of the group.

  1. Mastering Go web services

    CERN Document Server

    Kozyra, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    If you are a web programmer with experience in developing web services and have a rudimentary knowledge of using Go, then this is the book for you. Basic knowledge of Go as well as knowledge of relational databases and non-relational NoSQL datastores is assumed. Some basic concurrency knowledge is also required.

  2. High assurance services computing

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Covers service-oriented technologies in different domains including high assurance systemsAssists software engineers from industry and government laboratories who develop mission-critical software, and simultaneously provides academia with a practitioner's outlook on the problems of high-assurance software development

  3. REST based service composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grönvall, Erik; Ingstrup, Mads; Pløger, Morten

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an ongoing work developing and testing a Service Composition framework based upon the REST architecture named SECREST. A minimalistic approach have been favored instead of a creating a complete infrastructure. One focus has been on the system's interaction model. Indeed, an aim...

  4. PENSION FUND BENEFITS SERVICE

    CERN Document Server

    Benefits Service

    2002-01-01

    Please note that from now on, our offices will be opened to members and beneficiaries on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday from 10 to 12 a.m. and from 3 to 5 p.m. We are otherwise available but by appointment only. Benefits Service 5-1-030 tel. 79194 / 72738

  5. PENSION FUND BENEFITS SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Benefits Service

    2002-01-01

    Please note that from now on, our offices (5-1-030) will be opened to members and beneficiaries on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday from 10 to 12 a.m. and from 3 to 5 p.m. We are otherwise available but by appointment only. Benefits Service (tel. 79194 / 72738)

  6. Provider of Services File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The POS file consists of two data files, one for CLIA labs and one for 18 other provider types. The file names are CLIA and OTHER. If downloading the file, note it...

  7. Hydrologic Services Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (DOC), Rockville, MD. National Weather Service.

    A course to develop an understanding of the scope of water resource activities, of the need for forecasting, of the National Weather Service's role in hydrology, and of the proper procedures to follow in fulfilling this role is presented. The course is one of self-help, guided by correspondence. Nine lessons are included: (1) Hydrology in the…

  8. Locks and Keys Service

    CERN Multimedia

    Claude Ducastel

    The GS-LS-SEM section is pleased to inform you that as from Monday 30 November 2009, the opening hours of the Locks and Keys service will be the following: 08h30 - 12h30 / 13h30 - 16:30, Mondays to Fridays. GS-SEM-LS 73333

  9. Student Services Go Social

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villano, Matt; Gullon, Monica

    2009-01-01

    Like fine wines, Web 2.0 technologies get better with age. Gone are the days of the pointless chat room; this is the era of social networking juggernauts such as Facebook, MySpace, and Friendster. Services offered by these firms are helpful in facilitating connections among users in every industry and of every age. In higher education, however, a…

  10. Logistics Services Reminder

    CERN Multimedia

    Logistics Services

    2016-01-01

    Members of the personnel are invited to take note that only parcels corresponding to official orders or contracts will be handled at CERN. Individuals are not authorised to have private merchandise delivered to them at CERN and private deliveries will not be accepted by the Goods Reception services. Thank you for your understanding.

  11. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2001-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  12. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  13. REMINDER FROM MEDIAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses - on Telephone: 73802. - by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  14. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2001-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  15. The Governance of Services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruys, P.H.M.

    2005-01-01

    The problem of assessing a system of governance for composite services in the social economy is approached by means of original methods.The main innovation is that the welfare structure of a society is separated from the legal transaction- or institutional structure.As both the various types of serv

  16. Marketing imaging services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, E A

    1992-01-01

    "Communication with physicians and patients is critical to successfully marketing technology," says Mr. Bouchard, author of a new handbook for radiology managers. In this section from his book, he describes the components of a successful marketing plan and tries to dispel several myths about marketing. He also describes benchmarks for success, and provides a sample plan to promote mammography services.

  17. Governance of Ecosystem Services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Primmer, Eeva; Jokinen, Pekka; Blicharska, Malgorzata; Barton, David N.; Bugter, Rob; Potschin, Marion

    2015-01-01

    Biodiversity conservation policies justified with science and intrinsic value arguments have produced disappointing outcomes, and the need for conservation is now being additionally justified with the concept of ecosystem services. However, little, if any empirical attention is paid to ways in wh

  18. Governing ecosystem services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verburg, René; Selnes, Trond; Verweij, Pita

    2016-01-01

    The TEEB approach to the use of ecosystem services has found its way to policy as a means to biodiversity conservation and greening of the economy. In this paper we analysed the uptake of the TEEB approach at national and local levels by applying a framework that revolves around the problem, appr

  19. Digital Reference Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mon, Lorri

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the increasing demand for digital reference services from government Web sites via email, and describes a partnership between the Government Printing Office and the federal depository library at the University of Illinois at Chicago to create electronic access to the Department of State Foreign Affairs Network (DOSFAN). (Author/LRW)

  20. Transformative service design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Kirsten Bonde

    2014-01-01

    -behaviour’. These handmade, artistic strategies turned out to be highly self-persuasive: the majority of the participants changed their perception and behaviour in relation to money. - See more at: http://www.service-design-network.org/products-page/article/tp05-3p54/#sthash.3MX79Wx6.dpuf...

  1. IT Services in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Csonka, Agi Eva; Boll, Joachim

    The study presented in this paper is part of the European project: New Forms of Employment and Working Time in the Service Economy/NESY. The overall objective of the project is to analyse the emergence and the effects of new forms of employment, work organisation and working time patterns in the ...

  2. Student Service Expenditures Matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Webber, Douglas A.

    2010-01-01

    The "Great Recession" has caused a fiscal crisis in both public and private higher education that is unmatched in recent memory. Institutions' attention is focused on what they can cut out of their budgets. Student-service expenditures are often seen as discretionary in institutional budgets; they are viewed by some critics as…

  3. Service discovery at home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sundramoorthy, Vasughi; Scholten, Hans; Jansen, Pierre; Hartel, Pieter

    2003-01-01

    Service discovery is a fairly new field that kicked off since the advent of ubiquitous computing and has been found essential in the making of intelligent networks by implementing automated discovery and remote control between devices. This paper provides an overview and comparison of several promin

  4. Outsourcing Special Education Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Anne S.; Bishop, Anna M.

    2009-01-01

    The Lower Pioneer Valley Educational Collaborative, organized in 1974, consists of seven school districts legally bound in a governance structure. Although the member districts are located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, the collaborative provides educational programs and services to school districts and municipalities throughout western…

  5. An Evaluation of Alternative Designs for a Grid Information Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Warren; Waheed, Abdul; Meyers, David; Yan, Jerry; Kwak, Dochan (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The Globus information service wasn't working well. There were many updates of data from Globus daemons which saturated the single server and users couldn't retrieve information. We created a second server for NASA and Alliance. Things were great on that server, but a bit slow on the other server. We needed to know exactly how the information service was being used. What were the best servers and configurations? This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of the evaluation of alternative designs for a Grid Information Service. Details are given on the workload characterization, methodology used, and the performance evaluation.

  6. A Service Design Oriented Web Services Composite Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In order to realize flexible, adaptable, extensible, efficient, and user-friendly service composition, we propose a service design oriented Web Service composite platform (SDOWSCP) and a service composition mechanism called composed-service-requestor-oriented service composition (OBSDOSC). SDOWSCP imports ontology into UDDI to define and annotate services in a flexible and intuitive manner and employs a concept of bond as a solution to the process heterogeneity. OBSDOSC is proposed in order to do some efforts to overcome some defects which current design tools usually have such as not user-friendly and too professional. This paper proposes a pattern which describes the basic features of semi-automatic composite mode, discusses the whole lifetime of composed service and highlights how to lessen the descriptive heterogeneity and process heterogeneity and how to facilitate the design of composing a service.

  7. Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

    2005-02-14

    This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

  8. A strategy for service realization in service-oriented design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jing; HE Jifeng; LIU Zhiming

    2006-01-01

    Recently service orientation is becoming a mainstream approach for building large scale software systems. A key requirement in service-oriented design is the dependability of service. It stipulates that the behavior of services is controllable. Formal models can aid in constructing software in a dependable manner. They can describe services precisely and compose them together consistently. This paper presents a strategy for service realization based on a novel layered formal model. When a service is provided or required via internet, the semantic consistency becomes critical issue. Our architecture tackles the issue by proposing a novel scheme: defining contract of a service to keep semantic information. Although service-oriented design is our prime target, the contract models, to a large extent, are independent of the framework of design and therefore applicable to large scale software design in general.

  9. Knowledge Transfer Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Simard

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article décrit un modèle visant à faciliter la compréhension du processus de transfert du contenu depuis sa source jusqu’à son utilisation. Un groupe de travail de Ressources naturelles Canada a étudié la nature du transfert des savoirs à l’aide d’un modèle de services, afin de découvrir et comprendre les modèles et processus sous-jacents. Les services de savoir sont des programmes qui créent et fournissent des produits organisationnels basés sur un contenu et ayant une valeur intégrée. Ces programmes sont destinés à être utilisés en interne ou transférés pour répondre aux souhaits et besoins d’un utilisateur externe. Les critères de conception du modèle sont les suivants : indépendance par rapport au contenu, concentration sur l’organisation, évolutivité, deux pilotes et deux niveaux de résolution. Le modèle est basé sur une chaîne de valeur dans laquelle la valeur est intégrée, déplacée ou extraite. Un système de services de savoir se divise en neuf étapes : générer, transformer, gérer, utiliser en interne, transférer, ajouter de la valeur, utiliser professionnellement, utiliser personnellement et évaluer. Les services de savoir sont fournis par l’intermédiaire d’un spectre de distribution allant de complexe à accessible. À chaque région du spectre de distribution correspond une série d’attributs qui influencent la manière dont les services sont fournis.This paper describes a model intended to increase understanding of how content is transferred from its source to its use. A Natural Resources Canada task group explored the nature of knowledge transfer with a services paradigm to discover and understand underlying patterns and processes. Knowledge Services are programs that produce and pro-vide content-based organizational outputs with embedded value that are intended to be used internally or transferred to meet external user wants or needs. Model design criteria

  10. Service orientation in holonic and multi agent manufacturing and robotics

    CERN Document Server

    Thomas, Andre; Trentesaux, Damien

    2013-01-01

    The book covers four research domains representing a trend for modern manufacturing control: Holonic and Multi-agent technologies for industrial systems; Intelligent Product and Product-driven Automation; Service Orientation of Enterprise’s strategic and technical processes; and Distributed Intelligent Automation Systems. These evolution lines have in common concepts related to service orientation derived from the Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) paradigm.     The service-oriented multi-agent systems approach discussed in the book is characterized by the use of a set of distributed autonomous and cooperative agents, embedded in smart components that use the SOA principles, being oriented by offer and request of services, in order to fulfil production systems and value chain goals.   A new integrated vision combining emergent technologies is offered, to create control structures with distributed intelligence supporting the vertical and horizontal enterprise integration and running in truly distributed ...

  11. Informal learning processes in support of clinical service delivery in a service-oriented community pharmacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Brandon J; Bakken, Brianne K; Doucette, William R; Urmie, Julie M; McDonough, Randal P

    The evolving health care system necessitates pharmacy organizations' adjustments by delivering new services and establishing inter-organizational relationships. One approach supporting pharmacy organizations in making changes may be informal learning by technicians, pharmacists, and pharmacy owners. Informal learning is characterized by a four-step cycle including intent to learn, action, feedback, and reflection. This framework helps explain individual and organizational factors that influence learning processes within an organization as well as the individual and organizational outcomes of those learning processes. A case study of an Iowa independent community pharmacy with years of experience in offering patient care services was made. Nine semi-structured interviews with pharmacy personnel revealed initial evidence in support of the informal learning model in practice. Future research could investigate more fully the informal learning model in delivery of patient care services in community pharmacies.

  12. THE PROGRESS OF ECONOMIC THOUGHTFULNESS CONCERNING THE SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CIOBAN Gabriela-Liliana

    2014-07-01

    production processes and the use of high level technologies will lead towards the growth f production level and the living standards of people. For the time being, one can characterize the economies of the developed countries and of many countries in progress of development, as being services oriented economies; the development and diversification of services was determined by the need of satisfying social needs, more and more diversified. In this way, the part of services aimed to become proportionally to their contribution, as regards the economic growth.

  13. Synthesis, spectral characterization, thermal and photoluminescence properties of Zn(II) and Cd(II)-azido/thiocyanato complexes with thiazolylazo dye and 1,2-bis(diphenylphoshino)ethane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamgar, B A; Sawant, V A; Bharate, B G; Chavan, S S

    2011-01-01

    A series of complexes of the type [M(L)(dppe)X2]; where M=Zn(II) or Cd(II); L=4-(2'-thiazolylazo)chlorobenzene (L1), 4-(2'-thiazolylazo)bromobenzene (L2) and 4-(2'-thiazolylazo) iodobenzene (L3); dppe=1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane; X=N3- or NCS- have been prepared and characterized on the basis of their microanalysis, molar conductance, thermal, IR, UV-vis and 1H NMR spectral studies. IR spectra show that the ligand L is coordinated to the metal atom in bidentate manner via azo nitrogen and thiazole nitrogen. An octahedral structure is proposed for all the complexes. The thermal behavior of the complexes revealed that the thiocyanato complexes are thermally more stable than the azido complexes. All the complexes exhibit blue-green emission with high quantum yield as the result of the fluorescence from the intraligand emission excited state.

  14. The Regulation of Quality in the Market for Legal Services: Taking the Heterogeneity of Legal Services Seriously

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camille Chaserant

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Reviewing the public and private interest approaches to the regulation in the market for legal services, this article points out their mutual inconsistency and their empirical and theoretical limits. It then argues that heterogeneous legal services should be considered when (deregulating the market. Drawing upon the distinction between credence, experience, and search goods, we distinguish various legal services according to the degree of asymmetric information on quality characterizing the relationship between lawyers and clients. We argue that the heterogeneity of legal services impacts on the desirable level of regulation, implying that not all the markets for legal services should be regulated or, conversely, deregulated. Furthermore, when regulation is needed, the degree of asymmetric information between the regulatory authority and lawyers partly determines the choice between external and self-regulation.

  15. The EMBRACE web service collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettifer, Steve; Ison, Jon; Kalas, Matús; Thorne, Dave; McDermott, Philip; Jonassen, Inge; Liaquat, Ali; Fernández, José M; Rodriguez, Jose M; Pisano, David G; Blanchet, Christophe; Uludag, Mahmut; Rice, Peter; Bartaseviciute, Edita; Rapacki, Kristoffer; Hekkelman, Maarten; Sand, Olivier; Stockinger, Heinz; Clegg, Andrew B; Bongcam-Rudloff, Erik; Salzemann, Jean; Breton, Vincent; Attwood, Teresa K; Cameron, Graham; Vriend, Gert

    2010-07-01

    The EMBRACE (European Model for Bioinformatics Research and Community Education) web service collection is the culmination of a 5-year project that set out to investigate issues involved in developing and deploying web services for use in the life sciences. The project concluded that in order for web services to achieve widespread adoption, standards must be defined for the choice of web service technology, for semantically annotating both service function and the data exchanged, and a mechanism for discovering services must be provided. Building on this, the project developed: EDAM, an ontology for describing life science web services; BioXSD, a schema for exchanging data between services; and a centralized registry (http://www.embraceregistry.net) that collects together around 1000 services developed by the consortium partners. This article presents the current status of the collection and its associated recommendations and standards definitions.

  16. The EMBRACE web service collection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pettifer, S.; Ison, J.; Kalas, M.

    2010-01-01

    The EMBRACE (European Model for Bioinformatics Research and Community Education) web service collection is the culmination of a 5-year project that set out to investigate issues involved in developing and deploying web services for use in the life sciences. The project concluded that in order...... for web services to achieve widespread adoption, standards must be defined for the choice of web service technology, for semantically annotating both service function and the data exchanged, and a mechanism for discovering services must be provided. Building on this, the project developed: EDAM......, an ontology for describing life science web services; BioXSD, a schema for exchanging data between services; and a centralized registry (http://www.embraceregistry.net) that collects together around 1000 services developed by the consortium partners. This article presents the current status of the collection...

  17. Public Foundations of Service Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Junginger, Sabine

    2012-01-01

    , where services do not affect a select target market but thousands, if not millions of people. This chapter looks into the role and challenges of the Australian Service Delivery Reform in re-envisioning the ways in which the Australian government goes about developing products and services for Australian......This chapter looks into the developments of service design in the public sector. It shows how Service Design emerged and continues to evolve in Australia, where the practices involving the design of services are deeply rooted in human-centred design principles and where these practices have begun...... to influence many areas of government, ranging from public management to social policies. For researchers of Service Design, the Australian efforts present an opportunity to situate the design of services theoretically and practically in an area, where the development of services is not an option but a mandate...

  18. Bootstrapping quality of Web Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainab Aljazzaf

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A distributed application may be composed of global services provided by different organizations and having different properties. To select a service from many similar services, it is important to distinguish between them. Quality of services (QoS has been used as a distinguishing factor between similar services and plays an important role in service discovery, selection, and composition. Moreover, QoS is an important contributing factor to the evolution of distributed paradigms, such as service-oriented computing and cloud computing. There are many research works that assess services and justify the QoS at the finding, composition, or binding stages of services. However, there is a need to justify the QoS once new services are registered and before any requestors use them; this is called bootstrapping QoS. Bootstrapping QoS is the process of evaluating the QoS of the newly registered services at the time of publishing the services. Thus, this paper proposes a QoS bootstrapping solution for Web Services and builds a QoS bootstrapping framework. In addition, Service Oriented Architecture (SOA is extended and a prototype is built to support QoS bootstrapping. Experiments are conducted and a case study is presented to test the proposed QoS bootstrapping solution.

  19. Space Domain Awareness for Manned GEO Servicing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, T.

    2010-09-01

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is embarking on a joint program to service spacecraft in Geosynchronous (GEO) Orbit. This ambitious program, known as R5 (Rendezvous, Refuel, Refurbish, Repair, and Reposition), will develop the technologies required to extend the life of billions of dollars of invested in building, launching and operating GEO spacecraft. Inherent in the R5 program, is the need for high quality awareness of the space domain at GEO. Servicing non-operational spacecraft in GEO will require enhanced debris detect/track and space weather monitoring for crew safety, as well as high resolution characterization of the spacecraft to understand the status of the spacecraft to manifest the repair mission. This paper will briefly describe the GEO space domain sensor and data processing requirements to support the R5 program and outline DARPA’s program plans to develop these capabilities. Distribution Statement A (Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited). DISTAR case 15410.

  20. 12 CFR 704.12 - Permissible services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... agreement. A corporate credit union may only provide financial services to nonmembers through a.... (3) Electronic financial services. Electronic financial services are any services, products... liquidity planning and balance sheet modeling and analysis. (6) Operational services. Operational...

  1. SERVICES MANAGEMENT IN AGRITOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florentina Daniela MATEI (TITILINĂ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available New branches of tourism continues to grow along with the globalization of environmental policy, that's exactly why agritourism promotes returning to rural areas, recreational and farm activities, through which people assured longevity. In Romania, the sector attracts more and more tourists because it keeps many rural cultural heritage elements, combined with the beauty of the landscape and the harmony that is created through inter-human relationship. However, these services require sustained investments for conservation, but also for promotion. In this paper I wish to underline the major advantages of agritourism in boosting socio-economic development of the country and to customize certain strategies to succeed in managing this type of agritourism services.

  2. Outsourcing the Business Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan I. ANDONE

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The nowadays international market of outsourcing services is relatively mature and with age comes wisdom ... Thus, on a grown market, choosing to outsource services can not only be justified by the strive to reduce costs but it aims to meeting more advanced objectives as accurate alignment with business strategies of the enterprise. As a result, outsourcing has reached new forms of expression that can help the enterprises to gain competitive advantage. In the context of a grown market, a new concept appears, namely the multisourcing which it refers to the outsourcing model of the future [1] that businesses must prepare to accept and use. This concept or model of the future refers to working with several suppliers, which are competitors in a spirit of trust and teamwork, in a collaborative process to maximize the benefits associated with outsourcing process.

  3. MANAGING SERVICE QUALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea BUDEANU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Services are today the dominant sector of the economic activity both in terms of economic performance and labor utilization. Becoming an essential part of today’s society, they are considered the basis of a healthy economy, fact that has increased the importance of services and the research in the field. One of the biggest challenges regarding this sector is the evaluation and assurance of quality. There is still a lack of unanimity regarding the definitions, measurement procedures and the aspects that need to be provided and measured. Through this article we intend to treat these subjects and provide a broad perspective on this topic. Thus, we hope to highlight some practices and directions that could be relevant for the organizations in this field.

  4. Social Service has moved

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The offices of the Social Service are now on the 1st floor of Building 33 (Reception), exactly one floor above the old location. We remind you that the team, consisting of two social workers, a psychologist (external consultant, 1 day/week) and an administrative assistant, is at the disposal of all members of the personnel, whatever their status, as well as to their family members. Advice and support in the following areas are offered : · information on integration in the local area; · assistance in dealing with the relevant authorities/services; · consultations with a view to resolving problems of a personal, family or professional nature, such as problems of dependency (alcohol, drugs) relationship or behavioral problems (stress, depression, eating disorders), etc.; · support in facing new situations (maternity, divorce, bereavement, job change, separation from family/familiar surroundings); · assistance with decision making relating to family, personal or profes...

  5. Cybersecurity Service Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Katzan, Jr.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of modern computer systems is normally regarded as a function of five basic attributes of computer and information security: availability, accuracy, authenticity, confidentiality, and integrity. The concepts generally apply to government, business, education, and the ordinary lives of private individuals. The considerations normally involve extended applications of the Internet – hence the name Cybersecurity. Achieving and maintaining a secure cyberspace is a complicated process, and some of the concerns involve personal identity, privacy and intellectual property, secure maintenance of the critical infrastructure, and the sustainability of organizations. The threats to a secure operating infrastructure are serious and profound: cyber terrorism, cyber war, cyber espionage, and cyber crime, to which the technical community has responded with a plethora of ad hoc safeguards and procedures, usually supplied by the competitive private sector. This paper proposes a fresh view of the cyber domain based on service science with the ultimate objective of developing a cybersecurity service model.

  6. Fusion Data Grid Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shasharina, Svetlana; Wang, Nanbor

    2004-11-01

    Simulations and experiments in the fusion and plasma physics community generate large datasets at remote sites. Visualization and analysis of these datasets are difficult because of the incompatibility among the various data formats adopted by simulation, experiments, and analysis tools, and the large sizes of analyzed data. Grids and Web Services technologies are capable of providing solutions for such heterogeneous settings, but need to be customized to the field-specific needs and merged with distributed technologies currently used by the community. This paper describes how we are addressing these issues in the Fusion Grid Service under development. We also present performance results of relevant data transfer mechanisms including binary SOAP, DIME, GridFTP and MDSplus and CORBA. We will describe the status of data converters (between HDF5 and MDSplus data types), developed in collaboration with MIT (J. Stillerman). Finally, we will analyze bottlenecks of MDSplus data transfer mechanism (work performed in collaboration with General Atomics (D. Schissel and M. Qian).

  7. Heterogenous networks and services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tan, Su-En

    the existing generation of technology and presents new technological performance breakthroughs. It is difficult to predict which radical technologies or innovations will result in a market disruption early on in their life cycles. Based on Clayton Christensen’s (Christensen 1997) definition of a disruptive...... of the market. If mainstream technology firms do not address the disruption, it is likely they will fail and the new disruptive firm will grow in size and importance in the industry. As we move to 3G (3rd Generation Mobile Services) and beyond 3G, one of the biggest challenges is to bridge network heterogeneity...... products and services. Schumpeter described the motor of development as the innovation itself. However, business and financial aspects must also be considered as they provide the bottom line for firms in the industry. Standardisation is increasingly required due to the number of different technologies...

  8. The service triad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson-Cederholm, Erika; Gyimóthy, Szilvia

    2010-01-01

    Models of service encounters are often fraught with reductionism, describing business relationships as mathematical combinations of dyadic constellations. Metaphors of ideal social relationships (marriages or friendships) are highlighted to stress normative aspects of equal, balanced and long...... interactions, this article analyses the corporate travel market by applying Simmel’s depiction of the triad as a specific social form. Triadic constellations and more complex service networks involve dialectic tensions, simultaneously exhibiting loyalty and disloyalty, trust and distrust, empowerment......-term business partnerships. However, these approaches are limited in their analytical sensitivity, as they cannot address the complexity of multipart relationships, where meanings, roles and relationships are continuously constructed and reconstructed. In order to understand the ambivalent quality of business...

  9. Business aspects of web services

    CERN Document Server

    Weinhardt, Christof; Conte, Tobias

    2011-01-01

    Driven by maturing Web service technologies and the wide acceptance of the service-oriented architecture paradigm, the software industry's traditional business models and strategies have begun to change: software vendors are turning into service providers. In addition, in the Web service market, a multitude of small and highly specialized providers offer modular services of almost any kind and economic value is created through the interplay of various distributed service providers that jointly contribute to form individualized and integrated solutions. This trend can be optimally catalyzed by

  10. Transimulation - protein biosynthesis web service.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlena Siwiak

    Full Text Available Although translation is the key step during gene expression, it remains poorly characterized at the level of individual genes. For this reason, we developed Transimulation - a web service measuring translational activity of genes in three model organisms: Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Homo sapiens. The calculations are based on our previous computational model of translation and experimental data sets. Transimulation quantifies mean translation initiation and elongation time (expressed in SI units, and the number of proteins produced per transcript. It also approximates the number of ribosomes that typically occupy a transcript during translation, and simulates their propagation. The simulation of ribosomes' movement is interactive and allows modifying the coding sequence on the fly. It also enables uploading any coding sequence and simulating its translation in one of three model organisms. In such a case, ribosomes propagate according to mean codon elongation times of the host organism, which may prove useful for heterologous expression. Transimulation was used to examine evolutionary conservation of translational parameters of orthologous genes. Transimulation may be accessed at http://nexus.ibb.waw.pl/Transimulation (requires Java version 1.7 or higher. Its manual and source code, distributed under the GPL-2.0 license, is freely available at the website.

  11. Transimulation - protein biosynthesis web service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siwiak, Marlena; Zielenkiewicz, Piotr

    2013-01-01

    Although translation is the key step during gene expression, it remains poorly characterized at the level of individual genes. For this reason, we developed Transimulation - a web service measuring translational activity of genes in three model organisms: Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Homo sapiens. The calculations are based on our previous computational model of translation and experimental data sets. Transimulation quantifies mean translation initiation and elongation time (expressed in SI units), and the number of proteins produced per transcript. It also approximates the number of ribosomes that typically occupy a transcript during translation, and simulates their propagation. The simulation of ribosomes' movement is interactive and allows modifying the coding sequence on the fly. It also enables uploading any coding sequence and simulating its translation in one of three model organisms. In such a case, ribosomes propagate according to mean codon elongation times of the host organism, which may prove useful for heterologous expression. Transimulation was used to examine evolutionary conservation of translational parameters of orthologous genes. Transimulation may be accessed at http://nexus.ibb.waw.pl/Transimulation (requires Java version 1.7 or higher). Its manual and source code, distributed under the GPL-2.0 license, is freely available at the website.

  12. Water Service Areas - Public Water Supplier's (PWS) Service Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Boundaries of current public water supplier's (PWS) service areas. This data set contains the present service area boundary of the water system and does not contain...

  13. Service Model for Multi-Provider IP Service Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Cheng-zhi; SONG Han-tao; LIU Li

    2005-01-01

    In order to solve the problems associated with Internet IP services management, a generic service model for multi-provider IP service management is proposed, which is based on a generalization of the bandwidth broker idea introduced in the differentiated services (DiffServ) environment. This model consists of a hierarchy of service brokers, which makes it fit into providing end-to-end Internet services with QoS support. A simple and scalable mechanism is used to communicate with other cooperative domains to enable customers to dynamically setup services connections over multiple DiffServ domains. The simulation results show that the proposed model is real-time, which can deal with many flow requests in a short period of time, so that it is fit for the service management in a reasonably large network.

  14. E-Services and the Codification of Informational Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada; Henten, Anders; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    2011-01-01

    contribute to the general understanding and definition of the term. More specifically, the chapter aims at examining one of the primary conditions for the development of e-services, namely the codification of knowledge in connection with knowledge intensive services. The e-service concept is used in relation......The concept of e-services has gained increasing use during the past decade. There is, however, no general agreement as to the precise meaning and scope of the term. The research purpose of the present chapter is, therefore, to discuss the e-service concept, its strengths and scope, and thereby...... to private as well as public e-services. The present chapter examines the e-service concept at a generic level and does not differentiate between private and public e-services....

  15. 25 years of service

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On Thursday 2 December, the Director-General received the 14 staff members who began to work in 1979, CERN's 25th anniversary, and are now themselves celebrating 25 years of service at CERN. Beugnet Claude / AB Bourgeois Georges / AB Goossens Michel / IT Herzog Patrick / IT Jeanneret Jean-Bernard / AB Lacarrère Daniel / TS Mollay Robert / TS Mornacchi Giuseppe / PH Ployer Annie / DSU Remondino Vittorio / AT Stellfeld Donat / AB Taureg Hans / PH Terrier Jean-Pierre / AB Wehrle Urs / AB

  16. Competition and dental services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grytten, J; Sørensen, R

    2000-07-01

    Dental services for adults are different from all other Norwegian health services in that they are provided by private producers (dentists) who have full freedom to establish a practice. They have had this freedom since the end of World War II. A further liberalization of the market for dental services occurred in November 1995, when the so-called normal tariff was repealed. The system changed from a fixed fee system to a deregulated fee system. In principle, the market for dental services for adults operates as a free competitive market, in which dentists must compete for a market share. The aim of this study was to study the short-term effects of competition. A comprehensive set of data on fees, practice characteristics, treatment profiles and factors that dentists take into account when determining fees was analysed. The main finding was that competition has a weak effect. No support was found for the theory that the level of fees is the result of monopolistic competition or monopoly. The results also provided some evidence against the inducement hypothesis. At this stage, it is interesting to notice that dentists do not seem to exploit the power they have to control the market. One explanation, which is consistent with the more recent literature, is that physicians' behaviour to a large extent is influenced by professional norms and caring concerns about their patients. Financial incentives are important, but these incentives are constrained by norms other than self-interest. The interpretation of the results should also take into account that the deregulation has operated for a short time and that dentists and patients may not yet have adjusted to changes in the characteristics of the market.

  17. Global Broadcast Service (GBS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Same as Report (SAR) 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 42 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT...Frequency Follow-On (UFO) satellites, leased commercial satellite transponders, and the Wideband Global SATCOM constellation. Theater Injection Point...Independently assess system capabilities. - Augment UFO GBS with leased commercial satellite services to cover gaps over CONUS. - Demonstrate smart push and

  18. INDIVIDUAL DOSIMETRY SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Personnel in the distribution groups Aleph, Delphi, L3, Opal who also work for other experiments than at LEP, should contact the Individual Dosimetry Service.We inform all staff and users under regular dosimetric control that the dosimeters for the monitoring period MARCH/APRIL will be available from their usual dispatchers on the third of March 2000.Please have your films changed before the 13th of March.The colour of the dosimeter valid in MARCH/APRIL is BLUE.

  19. INDIVIDUAL DOSIMETRY SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    Personnel in the distribution groups Aleph, Delphi, L3, Opal who also work for other experiments than at LEP, should contact the Individual Dosimetry ServiceWe inform all staff and users under regular dosimetric control that the dosimeters for the monitoring period JANUARY/FEBRUARY will be available from their usual dispatchers on Monday the third of January 2000.Please have your films changed:before the 12 January.The colour of the dosimeter valid in JANUARY/FEBRUARY is WHITE.

  20. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2001-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802 by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch  

  1. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    iFor medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  2. Full Service Included

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ISABELDING

    2005-01-01

    At the beginning of the 1990s, with the opening of the market, foreign real estate consultants began to enter China. At that time, they mainly provided services such as facility management to the local clients, with their other functions seldom noticed and utilized. However, with the booming development of China's real estate market, foreign real estate consultants have become more and more important to the local developers.

  3. Caracterização do perfil assistencial dos pacientes adultos de um pronto socorro Caracterización del perfíl asistencial de los pacientes adultos de un servicio médico de urgencia Characterization of the care profile of adult patients of an emergency medical service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Ohara

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Foi desenvolvida uma pesquisa exploratória, método estudo de caso, objetivando caracterizar o perfil assistencial dos pacientes adultos internados no pronto-socorro clínico e cirúrgico de um hospital geral público no município de São Paulo como subsídio para o dimensionamento da equipe de enfermagem. Os sujeitos foram pacientes internados durante um período de trinta dias. Os dados foram coletados por meio da aplicação do instrumento de classificação de pacientes de Fugulin. O presente estudo permitiu verificar pacientes na categoria de cuidados intensivos, semi-intensivos, alta dependência, intermediária e mínima e taxa de ocupação de leitos acima da previsão oficial tornando a planta física inadequada para pacientes e profissionais, reflexo da falta de um serviço de regulação.Fue desarollada una pesquisa exploratoria, método de estudio de caso, cuyo objetivo fue caracterizar el perfil asistencial de los pacientes adultos internados en un servicio médico de urgencia clínico y quirúrgico de un hospital general público en el municipio de São Paulo como subsidio para el dimensionamiento del grupo de enfermería. Los sujetos fueron los pacientes internados durante el período de treinta días. Los datos fueron colectados a través de una aplicación del instrumento de clasificación de pacientes de Fugulin. Este estudio permitió verificar pacientes en la categoría de cuidados intensivos, semi-intensivos, alta dependencia, intermediaria y minima y la tasa de ocupación de lechos arriba de la previsión oficial, haciendo que la planta física se queda inadecuada para los pacientes y profesionales; reflejo de la falta de un servicio de regulación.It was developed an exploratory study, having as a method the study of case which aimed to characterize the profile of adult patients admitted at the emergency medical service in a general public hospital in São Paulo as subsidy for the nursing personal downsizing. Subjects

  4. Microfabrication services at INO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alain, Christine; Jerominek, Hubert; Topart, Patrice A.; Pope, Timothy D.; Picard, Francis; Cayer, Felix; Larouche, Carl; Leclair, Sebastien; Tremblay, Bruno

    2003-01-01

    MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) technology has expanded widely over the last decade in terms of its use in devices and instrumentation for diverse applications. However, access to versatile foundry services for MEMS fabrication is still limited. At INO, the presence of a multidisciplinary team and a complete tool set allow us to offer unique MEMS foundry-type services. These services include: design, prototyping, fabrication, packaging and testing of various MEMS and MOEMS devices. The design of a device starts with the evaluation of different structures adapted to a given application. Computer simulation tools, like IntelliSuite, ANSYS or custom software are used to evaluate the mechanical, optical, thermal and electromechanical performances. Standard IC manufacturing techniques such as metal, dielectric and semiconductor film deposition and etching as well as photolithographic pattern transfer are available. In addition, some unique techniques such as on-wafer lithography by laser writing, gray-scale mask lithography, thick photoresist lithography, selective electroplating, injection moulding and UV-assisted moulding are available to customers. The hermetic packaging and a novel patented wafer-level micropackaging are also applied. This multifaceted expertise has been utilized to manufacturing of several types of MEMS devices as well as complex instruments including micromirror-type devices, microfilters, IR microbolometric detector arrays, complete cameras and multipurpose sensors.

  5. Diabetes services in Yugoslavia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaven, D W

    1983-09-24

    The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia lies in south east Europe between the Soviet block and the free enterprise countries of Western Europe. It was originally established as a confederation of independent Balkan states after the first world war; after the second world war it became an independent federation of the socialist republics of Bosnia, Herzegovnia, Montenegro, Croatia (including Dalmatia), Slovenia, and Serbia, together with the two small autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. In the subsequent 30 years the trend towards decentralised decision making and institutional self management has continued. Nevertheless, the federal authorities retain major control over economic decision making and policies. For example, they forbid anyone from owning more than two houses or 10 hectares of land, and no factory owner may employ more than 10 people. Capitalism in any other than this minor form is not allowed, and any businessman whose business expands must become involved in frustrating negotiations with the local government to set up a state industry. I recently visited Yugoslavia as a guest of the Institute for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolic Diseases and of the medical faculty of the University of Zagreb and visited various health care units which provide services for diabetics in Croatia. As well as Zagreb itself I visited units in Split on the Adriatic coast and at Varazdin, near the Hungarian border. Necessarily my observations are based on the diabetes services in Croatia, but although the other republics may have less developed services they follow similar principles.

  6. SERVICES AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven ILLERIS

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this contribution is to discuss what roles the different economic sectors, and in particular services activities (the tertiary sector play in regional development, understood as growth in production, incomes and employment in weakly developedregions. This question is approached in two ways. The contribution first contains a – primarily theoretical – re-examination of the so-called economic base model, which states that services play a passive role in regional development. The discussion leads to substantial modifications of the model. The second approach is more empirical. It will take as its point of departure the proposition – often heard, but rarely examined – that since service activities are more concentrated in big cities than other activities and in recent decades have shown higher growth rates than other economic activities, it follows that the economic development is now pulled towards big city regions. Examined by way of a statistical analysisin Denmark and France, this proposition could not be verified.

  7. Safety at your service

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    You might think that only twelve people to man twelve different services, each needing several people could be a problem. Not for the DGS-SEE-SV Section! We can now reveal their magic formula.   From risk management to prevention and follow-up of accidents, from safety training to hunting for pollutants in buildings and providing safety input for calls for tenders, the DGS-SEE-SV’s services underpin virtually every aspect of CERN’s daily life. “The section was set up in 2011 to meet the Organization's needs more effectively", explains François Angerand, head of the DGS-SEE-SV section. "For some activities, such as providing safety input for calls for tenders, our Section acts as an interface between the Departments and all the other services of the HSE Unit. In other cases, we ourselves provide direct support to the Departments.” “Safety” is synonymous with “prevention”: the DGS-...

  8. NOTE FROM VISITS SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    ETT Division; Division ETT; Service des visites

    2000-01-01

    The Visit Service noticed that for many years countries such as Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries visit CERN less than other member countries and that is due to the high price of the trip for the students. To improve the situation the Visit Service plans to create a network of 'Family-Accommodation' ('Famille-Accueil') in Geneva and in France nearbywith the aim to facilitate the trip to foreign students especially from the more distant member countries and to encourage them to visit our unique laboratory. We expect this exchange to be an interesting experience for both the students and the welcoming family ('famille d'accueil'). If you are interested in participating in this family network, please fill in the questionnaire below. The questionnaire is to be returned to the Visit Service, Mrs Christine Fromm, e-mail Christine.Fromm@cern.ch.Name: First name: CERN address: E-mail: Portable phone number: Home address...

  9. Immune Algorithm for Selecting Optimum Services in Web Services Composition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    For the problem of dynamic optimization in Web services composition, this paper presents a novel approach for selecting optimum Web services, which is based on the longest path method of weighted multistage graph. We propose and implement an Immune Algorithm for global optimization to construct composed Web services. Results of the experimentation illustrates that the algorithm in this paper has a powerful capability and can greatly improve the efficiency and veracity in service selection.

  10. Delivery Commitments in Stochastic Service Networks: Case of Automobile Service

    OpenAIRE

    Sandeep Dulluri; Ganesh Muthusamy

    2013-01-01

    Service firms have become highly competitive in terms of providing the delivery. The delivery quality in terms of delivery commitments. Delivery commitments impact the customer in deciding for the service. Computing the delivery commitments in stochastic service systems is a real challenge. Delivery commitment forms a key parameter in formulating the service level agreements in B2B markets. In our current work we propose a queuing theoretic approach for computing the delivery commitments. The...

  11. Marketing of Healthcare Services with reference to Laboratory services

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The paper attempts to study empirically dealers point of view on the 7ps i.e. marketing mix for laboratory services. The primary data was collected from dealers by administering interview schedules on 7ps of laboratory service marketing. This data collected was tabulated, analyzed and intepretated so as to suitably arrive at findings. High score for statements: laboratory services are prompt, services are rendered on cash basis to patients, laboratory has collection centers in different area...

  12. JIM CORGEL GM, e-business Hosting Services, IBMGlobal Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JANKOT

    2004-01-01

    To many Chinese enterprises, e-business hosting services - IT resource consolidation and automation - are still a relatively new concept. The general concern is one related to the security of data as companies outsource the manage-ment of their IT environment. Jim Corgel,general manager of IBM Global Services'e-business hosting services, admits that it takes education to convince the potential users of the value of hosting services. Here he shares his thoughts on this latest innovation with CIB.

  13. Using Web Services for Open Service and Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shien-Chiang Yu

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available A Web Service is a distributed application component based on the interchanging XML-encoded messages. Through standard protocols and methods, it provides distributed transaction in simplification and standardization. This Web Service can be used in the integrated information system as well as the service requirements of Open Digital Library. The purpose of this article is to tackle the problems of web services architecture, its associated standards, and issues of application.[Article content in Chinese

  14. Service Marketing Competitiveness In The New Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandar Grubor

    2008-01-01

    In the new economy the basic characteristics of services determine service consumption, just as customer relationship management impacts on the approach to services marketing. Contemporary service customers perceive service quality in service encounters and in ongoing relationships as well. The perception of service quality may be presented as a basic model of perception, known in service marketing reference sources as The Perceived Service Quality Model. Service marketers and marketing manag...

  15. Contracts for Abstract Processes in Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Buscemi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Contracts are a well-established approach for describing and analyzing behavioral aspects of web service compositions. The theory of contracts comes equipped with a notion of compatibility between clients and servers that ensures that every possible interaction between compatible clients and servers will complete successfully. It is generally agreed that real applications often require the ability of exposing just partial descriptions of their behaviors, which are usually known as abstract processes. We propose a formal characterization of abstraction as an extension of the usual symbolic bisimulation and we recover the notion of abstraction in the context of contracts.

  16. Information Service Model with Mobile Agent Supported

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹涛; 王继成; 张福炎

    2000-01-01

    Mobile Agent is a kind of novel agent technology characterized by mobile, intelligent, parallel and asynchronous computing. In this paper, a new information service model that adopts mobile agent technology is introduced first,and then an experimental system DOLTRIA system that is implemented based on the model is described. The DOLTRIA system implemented by WWW framework and Java can search for relevant HTML documents on a set of Web servers. The result of experiments shows that performance improvement can be achieved by this model, and both the elapsed time and network traffic are reduced significantly.

  17. ServiceBlueprinting as a service management tool in radiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maurer, Martin H., E-mail: martin.maurer@charite.de; Hamm, Bernd; Teichgraeber, Ulf

    2011-09-15

    Purpose: To describe the ServiceBlueprint model as a suitable method of service management in clinical medicine using the example of the routine clinical setting of a radiological department. Materials and methods: ServiceBlueprinting is a concept for the analysis, visualization, and optimization of service processes. To investigate whether the model will also provide a suitable representation of medical services, particularly the provision of radiological services, ServiceBlueprints were created for the modality computed tomography (CT). To this end, an independent observer analyzed the workflow of 40 consecutive CT examinations. Results: The ServiceBlueprint provided an analysis of the status quo of the service processes in CT imaging modality. Weak points in the processes thus became immediately apparent. The model could also be used for personnel management in that it helped to define the roles of staff members from different categories in the value-added process. It served as a basis for the implementation of quality management systems according to Total Quality Management (TQM) and DIN-EN-ISO-9001:2000. Conclusions: The ServiceBlueprint model is a service management concept that is also suitable to visualize medical service processes in routine clinical settings like in a radiology department and has a multifarious potential in process optimization, implementation of quality management systems, and human resources management.

  18. 76 FR 24339 - Streamlining Service Delivery and Improving Customer Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... issued on March 3, 1998 (Conducting ``Conversations with America'' to Further Improve Customer Service... seeks to streamline service delivery and improve the experience of its customers. As used in this order... improve customer service at lower costs. Sec. 5. Independent Agencies. Independent agencies are...

  19. Service Provisioning Support for Non-technical Service Clients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonino da Silva Santos, Luiz Olavo; Ferreira Pires, Luis; Sinderen, van Marten

    2010-01-01

    Recently paradigms such as Service-Oriented and Pervasive Computing are merging in scenarios where users are surrounded by a plethora of computing devices and available services. Dealing with this potentially large number of devices and services can become overwhelming to users without appropriate s

  20. Web services in third-generation service platforms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lagerberg, Ko; Plas, Dirk-Jaap; Wegdam, Maarten

    2002-01-01

    In third-generation (3G) networks, third-party service developers will have access to the mobile network resources using open network interfaces, such as the 3rd Generation Partnership Project's (3GPP's) Open Service Access (OSA). The service platforms that offer these interfaces provide interoperab