Analytical solutions of the two-dimensional Dirac equation for a topological channel intersection
Anglin, J. R.; Schulz, A.
2017-01-01
Numerical simulations in a tight-binding model have shown that an intersection of topologically protected one-dimensional chiral channels can function as a beam splitter for noninteracting fermions on a two-dimensional lattice [Qiao, Jung, and MacDonald, Nano Lett. 11, 3453 (2011), 10.1021/nl201941f; Qiao et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 206601 (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.206601]. Here we confirm this result analytically in the corresponding continuum k .p model, by solving the associated two-dimensional Dirac equation, in the presence of a "checkerboard" potential that provides a right-angled intersection between two zero-line modes. The method by which we obtain our analytical solutions is systematic and potentially generalizable to similar problems involving intersections of one-dimensional systems.
Hydrodynamics and sediment suspension in shallow tidal channels intersecting a tidal flat
Pieterse, Aline; Puleo, Jack A.; McKenna, Thomas E.
2016-05-01
A field study was conducted on a tidal flat intersected by small tidal channels (depth stress and turbulent kinetic energy were computed from high frequency velocity measurements. Maximum water depth at the field site varied from 0.11 m during the lowest neap high tide to 0.58 m during a storm event. In the channel intersecting the tidal flat, the shear stress, turbulence and along-channel velocity were ebb dominant; e.g. 0.33 m/s peak velocity for ebb compared to 0.19 m/s peak velocity for flood. Distinct pulses in velocity occurred when the water level was near the tidal flat level. The velocity pulse during flood tide occurred at a higher water level than during ebb tide. No corresponding velocity pulse on the tidal flat was observed. Sediment concentrations peaked at the beginning and end of each tidal cycle, and often had a secondary peak close to high tide, assumed to be related to sediment advection. The influence of wind waves on bed shear stress and sediment suspension was negligible. Water levels were elevated during a storm event such that the tidal flat remained inundated for 4 tidal cycles. The water did not drain from the tidal flat into the channels during the storm, and no velocity pulses occurred. Along-channel velocities, turbulent kinetic energy, and shear stresses were therefore smaller in the channels during storm conditions than during non-storm conditions.
Experimental and numerical studies on the mixing at the intersection of millimetric channels
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Etcheverry, F; Cachile, M [LIA-Grupo de Medios Porosos, Facultad de Ingenieria, UBA, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gomba, J M [Instituto de Fisica Arroyo Seco, UNCPBA, Tandil (Argentina); Wolluschek, C, E-mail: mcachil@fi.uba.ar [Mecanica de Fluidos e Ingenieria Termica, Centro tecnologico Cemitec, Noain, Navarra (Spain)
2011-05-01
In this work, experimental and numerical results on the effect of diffusion and geometrical dispersion on the mixing of confluent flows are presented. Two channels with an internal diameter D{sub h} = 4 mm intersect with an angle {alpha} = 30,60,90,120,150,180{sup 0}. The experimental setup allows to accurately control the flow rate and assures a constant flow at both inlets. The mixing properties are studied by injecting pure water in one inlet and colored water at the other. The effects of the inlet flow and the intersection angle on the diffusion of ink is analyzed. We observed that the mixing by convection is only important for {alpha} = 180{sup 0}. For other angles, diffusion is the main mechanism for mixing.
Pieterse, A.; Puleo, J. A.; McKenna, T. E.
2014-12-01
A 16-day field experiment was conducted in March and April 2013 in a tidal wetland in Kent County, Delaware. The study area was a tidal flat fed by a second-order channel that flows into the Brockonbridge Gut, a small tributary of Delaware Bay. The goal of the field study was to investigate spatio-temporal variability in the hydrodynamics of the tidal flat and the small channels that intersect it, over the period of one spring-neap tidal cycle. The experiment combined remotely-sensed imagery with high-frequency in-situ measurements. A tower with imagers (RGB, NIR, TIR) was deployed to quantify the spatial variations of inundation of the channels, flat and marsh. In-situ sensors that measure flow velocity, sediment concentration and water depth were deployed at six locations on the tidal flat and in the channels. At three locations, a Nortek Vectrino II - profiling velocimeter was deployed that measures a 30 mm velocity profile at 1 mm vertical increments at 100 Hz. These velocity profiles are used to compute turbulent kinetic energy, turbulence dissipation and stress profiles close to the bed. Results show that peak velocities in the channels occur at the beginning and end of ebbing tide, when the water level is below the tidal flat level. At these instances, peaks in turbulence and bed stress also occur. The flow velocity and turbulence peaks are smaller when the water level does not fall below the tidal flat level. On the tidal flat, the flow velocities and turbulence are generally small compared to the intersecting tidal channel. Maximum flow velocities in the channels are around 0.4 m/s, while on the flat maximum velocities are under 0.1 m/s. A comparison is made between turbulence production and dissipation in both the channel and on the tidal flat to determine if advection and diffusion are important in this environment. In addition, the hydrodynamics at several locations in the channel are compared to investigate changes throughout the study area.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈文斌; 李牛; 项寿鹤
2005-01-01
The hydrothermal synthesis and X-my single crystal diffraction analysis of a novel three-dimensional organo-zincophosphite, [HO(CH2)2NH3]2·[Zn3(HPO3)4], are described. The framework is built up from strictly alternating vertex-linked ZnO4 tetrahedron and HPO3 pseudo pyramid incorporating ethanolamine (EOA) cations into its channels. The structure is formed through 2nO4 tetrahedron connecting with two kinds of four-membered ring chains along different directions. There are three intersecting channels with eight-membered ring windows along [0 1 0], [0 4 15] and [0 -4 15], which have not been found in organo-zincophosphites before. Crystal data:[HO(CH2)2NH3]2·[Zn3(HPO3)4], Mr=640.21, Orthorhombic, Fdd2, a=2.8528nm, b=0.8426nm, c=1.6159nm,Z=8,V=3.884nm3, R1=0.0219,wR2=0.0544.
浅谈城市道路平面交叉口渠化设计%Discussion on the Channelization Design of Plane Intersection of City Road
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴敏; 陈海武
2014-01-01
The intersection is the joint of network and the throat of city traffic, so its design and use is important to the safety and smooth flow of traffic on the road. This paper disc-usses the design principle of the channelization of the plane intersection of city road. The practical case proved that the channelization reduce traffic conflict, control traffic flow, improve the intersection capacity and enhance its security.%交叉口是路网的联结点，是城市交通的咽喉，其设计和使用对道路交通的安全与畅通特别重要。本文论述了城市道路平面交叉口渠化设计原则。以实际案例，通过渠化减少了冲突，控制了交通流，提高了交叉口的通行能力，增进了其安全性。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Barbara Harbin Cobb
2009-01-01
<正>I’m a few years older than the People’s Re- public of China, but hardly an infant compared to China’s vast history and culture. China and I have intersected at many points, and I want to tell you about a few of them.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Marfelt, Mikkel Mouritz
2016-01-01
oriented but still emphasizes stable concepts. Moreover, it does not give primacy to oppression. Finally, it adopts a critical stance on the nature of the macro, meso, and micro levels as dominant analytical perspectives. As a result, this paper focusses on the importance of intersectionality...
Borel, Armand
1984-01-01
This book is a publication in Swiss Seminars, a subseries of Progress in Mathematics. It is an expanded version of the notes from a seminar on intersection cohomology theory, which met at the University of Bern, Switzerland, in the spring of 1983. This volume supplies an introduction to the piecewise linear and sheaf-theoretic versions of that theory as developed by M. Goresky and R. MacPherson in Topology 19 (1980), and in Inventiones Mathematicae 72 (1983). While some familiarity with algebraic topology and sheaf theory is assumed, the notes include a self-contained account of further material on constructibility, derived categories, Verdier duality, biduality, and on stratified spaces, which is used in the second paper but not found in standard texts. "The volume should be useful to someone interested in acquiring some basic knowledge about the field..." —Mathematical Reviews.
Deburring small intersecting holes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gillespie, L.K.
1980-08-01
Deburring intersecting holes is one of the most difficult deburring tasks faced by many industries. Only 14 of the 37 major deburring processes are applicable to most intersecting hole applications. Only five of these are normally applicable to small or miniature holes. Basic process capabilities and techniques used as a function of hole sizes and intersection depths are summarized.
INTERSECTIONAL DISCRIMINATION AGAINST CHILDREN
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ravnbøl, Camilla Ida
This paper adds a perspective to existing research on child protection by engaging in a debate on intersectional discrimination and its relationship to child protection. The paper has a twofold objective, (1) to further establish intersectionality as a concept to address discrimination against ch...... children, and (2) to illustrate the importance of addressing intersectionality within rights-based programmes of child protection....
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赖元文; 荣建; 刘小明
2012-01-01
In order to estimate the capacity of right-turn lane at signalized intersections with channelized islands. Based on the gap acceptance model, this paper proposes a new approach to calculating the capacity of right-turn lane at signalized intersections with channelized islands. This model takes into account the interference of non-motorized traffic enter channelized islands. The non-motorized traffic is treated as the traffic on the major road-a crosswalk, which has great impacts on right-turn vehicles on the minor road-an exclusive right-turn lane. The basic model is modified by introducing the red light effect adjustment coefficient. The new model is calibrated and tested using the field data collected at 6 signalized intersections with ehannelized islands in 4 cities. The average relative error between the calculated value and the observed is 9.28% , which means the proposed method in this paper can better estimate the capacity of an exclusive free right-turn lane under the interference of non-motorized traffic.%为了计算在信号交叉口设置导流岛后右转车道的通行能力，以接受间隙理论模型为基础，给出了针对设置导流岛的信号交叉口右转车道通行能力计算方法．考虑到非机动车进入导流岛对右转车辆产生较大影响，确定以非机动车流为主路，提出红灯效应修正系数，对基础模型进行修正．通过4个城市6个设置导流岛的信号交叉口实测数据进行模型标定和检验．比较模型计算值与实际观测值发现，平均相对误差为9．28％，表明本文所提计算方法能较好地反映非机动车对右转车道通行能力影响的实际情况．
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wu Yang YU; Dong Hua WU; Gang Song LENG
2007-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to generalize the notion of intersection bodies to that of quasi Lp-intersection bodies. The Lp-analogs of the Busemann intersection inequality and the Brunn Minkowski inequality for the quasi Lp-intersection bodies are obtained. The Aleksandrov-Fenchel inequality for the mixed quasi Lp-intersection bodies is also established.
Aldazabal, G; Ibáñez, L E; Rabadan, Raul; Uranga, Angel M
2001-01-01
It is known that chiral fermions naturally appear at certain intersections of branes at angles. Motivated by this fact, we propose a string scenario in which different standard model gauge interactions propagate on different (intersecting) brane worlds, partially wrapped in the extra dimensions. Quarks and leptons live at brane intersections, and are thus located at different positions in the extra dimensions. Replication of families follows naturally from the fact that the branes generically intersect at several points. Gauge and Yukawa couplings can be computed in terms of the compactification radii. Hierarchical Yukawa couplings appear naturally, since amplitudes involving three different intersections are proportional to exp(-A_{ijk}), where A_{ijk} is the area of a string world-sheet extending among the intersections. The models are non-supersymmetric but the string scale may be lowered down to 1-10 TeV. The proton is however stable due to a set of discrete symmetries arising from world-sheet selection r...
1974-01-01
The experimental apparatus used at intersection 1 by the CERN-Bologna Collaboration (experiment R105). It consists of two almost identical magnetic spectrometers centered at 90 degrees on opposite sides of the intersection region. In each spectrometer one can see magnetostrictive wire spark chambers, a magnet, more chambers and various hodoscopes of scintillation counters. Gas Cerenkov counters (almost invisible in the picture) are located in the gap of each magnet. On the left hand side, a matrix of 119 lead glass Cerenkov counters is located behind some concrete and iron shielding.
1971-01-01
Intersection I-2 of the ISR during the installation of experiments. On the left to the crossing region can be seen the massive iron plate structure of the muon detector being used by a British collaboration in a search for the intermediate vector boson. The magnet and hodoscopes on the right are part of the spectrometer arm of the Bristish-Scandinavian Collaration.
Intersectional embodiment and power
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Elg, Camilla; Jensen, Sune Qvotrup
Through almost two decades the term ‘intersectionality' has gained influence in post colonial studies, gender studies, feminist theory and other research fields occupied with how social differences are distributed and how individuals are socially constructed in stratified societies. The ‘interse...... differences and discuss the implications this has for our understanding of power relations....
Crash patterns at signalized intersections
Polders, Evelien; Daniels, Stijn; HERMANS, Elke; Brijs, Tom; Wets, Geert
2015-01-01
Traffic signals are often implemented to provide for efficient movement and to improve traffic safety. Nevertheless, severe crashes still occur at signalized intersections. This study aims to improve the understanding of signalized intersection safety by identifying crash types, locations and factors associated with signalized intersections. For this purpose, 1295 police-reported crashes at 87 signalized intersections are analyzed based on detailed crash descriptions, i.e. crash data and c...
Chen, C M; Sharakin, S A; Chen, Chiang-Mei; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Sharakin, Sergei A.
1999-01-01
New solution to the six-dimensional vacuum Einstein's equations is constructed as a non-linear superposition of two five-dimensional solutions representing the Melvin-Gibbons-Maeda Universe and its S-dual. Then using duality between D=8 vacuum and a certain class of D=11 supergravity configurations we generate M2 and M5 fluxbranes as well as some of their intersections also including waves and KK-monopoles.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
In this paper, by using the Brunn-Minkowski-Firey mixed volume theory and dual mixed volume theory, associated with Lp intersection body and dual mixed volume, some dual Brunn-Minkowski inequalities and their isolate forms are established for Lp intersection body about the normalized Lp radial addition and Lp radial linear combination. Some properties of operator Lp are given.
INEQUALITIES FOR MIXED INTERSECTION BODIES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YUAN SHUFENG; LENG GANGSONG
2005-01-01
In this paper, some properties of mixed intersection bodies are given, and inequalities from the dual Brunn-Minkowski theory (such as the dual Minkowski inequality, the dual Aleksandrov-Fenchel inequalities and the. dual Brunn-Minkowski inequalities) are established for mixed intersection bodies.
-Mixed Intersection Bodies and Star Duality
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Zhao Chang-jian; Wing-Sum Cheung
2010-09-01
The paper extends the two notions of the dual mixed volumes and -intersection body to -dual mixed volumes and -mixed intersection body, respectively. Inequalities for the star dual of -mixed intersection bodies are established.
Modelling of urban traffic networkof signalized intersections
2013-01-01
This report presents how traffic network of signalized intersection in a chosen urban area called Tema is synchronized. Using a modular approach, two different types of traffic intersection commonly found in an urban area were modelled i.e. a simple intersection and a complex intersection. A direct road, even though not an intersection, was also included in the modelling because it’s commonly found in an urban area plus it connects any two intersections. Each of these scenarios was modelled u...
Intersectional perspective in elderly care
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marta Cuesta
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Earlier research has shown that power relationships at workplaces are constructed by power structures. Processes related to power always influence the working conditions for (in this study in elderly care the working groups involved. Power structures are central for intersectional analysis, in the sense that the intersectional perspective highlights aspects such as gender and ethnicity (subjective dimensions and interrelates them to processes of power (objective dimension. This qualitative study aims to explore in what way an intersectional perspective could contribute to increased knowledge of power structures in a nursing home where the employees were mostly immigrants from different countries. By using reflexive dialogues related to an intersectional perspective, new knowledge which contributes to the employees’ well-being could develop. Narrative analysis was the method used to conduct this study. Through a multi-stage focus group on six occasions over 6 months, the staff were engaged in intersectional and critical reflections about power relationship with the researchers, by identifying patterns in their professional activities that could be connected to their subjectivities (gender, ethnicity, etc.. The result of this study presents three themes that express the staff's experiences and connect these experiences to structural discrimination. 1 Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of professionalism; 2 Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of collaboration; and 3 Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of discrimination. The result demonstrates that an intersectional perspective reinforces the involved abilities, during the conversations, into being clear about, for example, their experiences of discrimination, and consequently developing a better understanding of their professionalism and collaboration. Such deeper reflections became possible through a process of consciousness raising, strengthening the employee
Dynamical Outcomes of Quenching: Reflections on a Conical Intersection
Lehman, Julia H.; Lester, Marsha I.
2014-04-01
This review focuses on experimental studies of the dynamical outcomes following collisional quenching of electronically excited OH A2Î£+ radicals by molecular partners. The experimental observables include the branching between reactive and nonreactive decay channels, kinetic energy release, and quantum state distributions of the products. Complementary theoretical investigations reveal regions of strong nonadiabatic coupling, known as conical intersections, which facilitate the quenching process. The dynamical outcomes observed experimentally are connected to the local forces and geometric properties of the nuclei in the conical intersection region. Dynamical calculations for the benchmark OH-H2 system are in good accord with experimental observations, demonstrating that the outcomes reflect the strong coupling in the conical intersection region as the system evolves from the excited electronic state to quenched products.
Modeling Traffic Flow and Management at Un-signalized, Signalized and Roundabout Road Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Kakooza
2005-01-01
Full Text Available Traffic congestion continues to hinder economic and social development and also has a negative impact on the environment. A simple mathematical model is used to analyze the different types of road intersections in terms of their Performance in relation to managing traffic congestion and to establish the condition for stability of the road intersections after sufficiently longer periods of time (steady-state. In the analysis, single and double lane un-signalized, signalized and roundabout intersections are evaluated on the basis of their performance (expected number of vehicles and waiting time. Experimental scenarios are carefully designed to analyze the performance of the different types of intersections. It is noted that under light traffic, roundabout intersections perform better than un-signalized and signalized in terms of easing congestion. However under heavy traffic, signalized intersection perform better in terms of easing traffic congestion compared to un-signalized and roundabout intersections. It is further noted that for stability of a road intersection, the proportion of the time a road link stopping at an intersection is delayed should not exceed the utilization factor (the ratio of the arrival rate of vehicles to the product of number of service channels and service rate.
Intersectionality in European Union policymaking
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lombardo, Emanuela; Agustin, Lise Rolandsen
2016-01-01
is particularly apt to deal with equality and diversity in policymaking. By analysing a selection of European Union policy documents on gender-based violence in the period 2000–2014, we attend to the question of what intersectionality can bring to policymaking in terms of strengthening inclusiveness and address...
Reconstructing surface triangulations by their intersection matrices
2014-01-01
The intersection matrix of a finite simplicial complex has as each of its entries the rank of the intersection of its respective simplices. We prove that such matrix defines the triangulation of a closed connected surface up to isomorphism.
The Clique Problem in Ray Intersection Graphs
Cabello, Sergio; Langerman, Stefan
2011-01-01
Ray intersection graphs are intersection graphs of rays, or halflines, in the plane. We show that any planar graph has an even subdivision whose complement is a ray intersection graph. The construction can be done in polynomial time and implies that finding a maximum clique in a segment intersection graph is NP-hard. This solves a 21-year old open problem posed by Kratochv\\'il and Ne\\v{s}et\\v{r}il.
Composite fluxbranes with general intersections
Ivashchuk, V D
2002-01-01
Generalized composite fluxbrane solutions for a wide class of intersection rules are obtained. The solutions are defined on a manifold which contains a product of n Ricci-flat spaces M_1 x ... x M_n with 1-dimensional M_1. They are defined up to a set of functions H_s obeying non-linear differential equations equivalent to Toda-type equations with certain boundary conditions imposed. A conjecture on polynomial structure of governing functions H_s for intersections related to semisimple Lie algebras is suggested. This conjecture is valid for Lie algebras: A_m, C_{m+1}, m > 0. For simple Lie algebras the powers of polynomials coincide with the components of the dual Weyl vector in the basis of simple roots. Explicit formulas for A_1 + ... + A_1 (orthogonal), "block-ortogonal" and A_2 solutions are obtained. Certain examples of solutions in D = 11 and D =10 (II A) supergravities (e.g. with A_2 intersection rules) and Kaluza-Klein dyonic A_2 flux tube, are considered.
Projective modules and complete intersections
Mandal, Satya
1997-01-01
In these notes on "Projective Modules and Complete Intersections" an account on the recent developments in research on this subject is presented. The author's preference for the technique of Patching isotopic isomorphisms due to Quillen, formalized by Plumsted, over the techniques of elementary matrices is evident here. The treatment of Basic Element theory here incorporates Plumstead's idea of the "generalized dimension functions". These notes are highly selfcontained and should be accessible to any graduate student in commutative algebra or algebraic geometry. They include fully self-contained presentations of the theorems of Ferrand-Szpiro, Cowsik-Nori and the techniques of Lindel.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
In this paper the author first introduce a new concept of Lp-dual mixed volumes of star bodies which extends the classical dual mixed volumes. Moreover, we extend the notions of Lp- intersection body to Lp-mixed intersection body. Inequalities for Lp-dual mixed volumes of Lp-mixed intersection bodies are established and the results established here provide new estimates for these type of inequalities.
POLES OF ZETA FUNCTIONS OF COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
A vanishing theorem is proved for -adic cohomology with compact support on an affine (singular) complete intersection. As an application, it is shown that for an affine complete intersection defined over a finite field of q elements, the reciprocal "poles" of the zeta function are always divisible by q as algebraic integers. A p-adic proof is also given, which leads to further q-divisibility of the poles or equivalently an improvement of the polar part of the AxKatz theorem for an affine complete intersection. Similar results hold for a projective complete intersection.
The clique problem in ray intersection graphs
Langerman, Stefan; Cardinal, Jean; Cabello, Sergio
2015-01-01
Ray intersection graphs are intersection graphs of rays, or halflines, in the plane. We show that any planar graph has an even subdivision whose complement is a ray intersection graph. The construction can be done in polynomial time and implies that finding a maximum clique in a segment intersection graph is NP-hard. This solves a 21-year old open problem posed by Kratochvíl and Nešetřil (Comment Math Univ Carolinae 31(1):85-93, 1990).
Tracks, intersections and dead ends
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siim, Birte; Skjeie, Hege
2008-01-01
of organisations of civil society in political power. The second part explores the framing of the hijab as a political issue of "intersections" of gender equality versus religious belongings. The third part investigates what we see as a "dead end" in policy making to prevent violations of women's rights......The article discusses multicultural challenges to state feminism in Denmark and Norway focusing both on similarities and differences in the two countries policy responses. In spite of important differences, we point towards similar problems and dilemmas in the public responses to multiculturalism...... and diversity among women connected to a state feminist agenda that in both countries has been rather one-sided in its conception of what women-friendliness may imply. The first part expands on institutional "tracks": (Variations in) state feminist traditions, in religious traditions, and in the inclusion...
Conical intersection seams in polyenes derived from their chemical composition
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nenov, Artur; Vivie-Riedle, Regina de [Department Chemie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univerisitaet, Muenchen Butenandtstr. 11, 81377 Muenchen (Germany)
2012-08-21
The knowledge of conical intersection seams is important to predict and explain the outcome of ultrafast reactions in photochemistry and photobiology. They define the energetic low-lying reachable regions that allow for the ultrafast non-radiative transitions. In complex molecules it is not straightforward to locate them. We present a systematic approach to predict conical intersection seams in multifunctionalized polyenes and their sensitivity to substituent effects. Included are seams that facilitate the photoreaction of interest as well as seams that open competing loss channels. The method is based on the extended two-electron two-orbital method [A. Nenov and R. de Vivie-Riedle, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 034304 (2011)]. It allows to extract the low-lying regions for non-radiative transitions, which are then divided into small linear segments. Rules of thumb are introduced to find the support points for these segments, which are then used in a linear interpolation scheme for a first estimation of the intersection seams. Quantum chemical optimization of the linear interpolated structures yields the final energetic position. We demonstrate our method for the example of the electrocyclic isomerization of trifluoromethyl-pyrrolylfulgide.
Conical intersection seams in polyenes derived from their chemical composition
Nenov, Artur; de Vivie-Riedle, Regina
2012-08-01
The knowledge of conical intersection seams is important to predict and explain the outcome of ultrafast reactions in photochemistry and photobiology. They define the energetic low-lying reachable regions that allow for the ultrafast non-radiative transitions. In complex molecules it is not straightforward to locate them. We present a systematic approach to predict conical intersection seams in multifunctionalized polyenes and their sensitivity to substituent effects. Included are seams that facilitate the photoreaction of interest as well as seams that open competing loss channels. The method is based on the extended two-electron two-orbital method [A. Nenov and R. de Vivie-Riedle, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 034304 (2011)], 10.1063/1.3608924. It allows to extract the low-lying regions for non-radiative transitions, which are then divided into small linear segments. Rules of thumb are introduced to find the support points for these segments, which are then used in a linear interpolation scheme for a first estimation of the intersection seams. Quantum chemical optimization of the linear interpolated structures yields the final energetic position. We demonstrate our method for the example of the electrocyclic isomerization of trifluoromethyl-pyrrolylfulgide.
Framing Gender Intersections in the European Union
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lombardo, Emanuela; Agustin, Lise Rolandsen
2012-01-01
This article explores the extent to which the emergence of an antidiscrimination policy in the European Union (EU) implies a shift in EU gender equality policies towards an intersectional approach. The frame analysis of EU gender equality policy documents shows that intersectional dimensions...
Computations in intersection rings of flag bundles
Grayson, Daniel R; Stillman, Michael E
2012-01-01
Intersection rings of flag varieties and of isotropic flag varieties are generated by Chern classes of the tautological bundles modulo the relations coming from multiplicativity of total Chern classes. In this paper we describe the Groebner bases of the ideals of relations and give applications to computation of intersections, as implemented in Macaulay2.
An intersection algorithm based on transformation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Xiao-xia; YONG Jun-hai; CHEN Yu-jian
2006-01-01
How to obtain intersection of curves and surfaces is a fundamental problem in many areas such as computer graphics,CAD/CAM,computer animation,and robotics.Especially,how to deal with singular cases,such as tangency or superposition,is a key problem in obtaining intersection results.A method for solving the intersection problem based on the coordinate transformation is presented.With the Lagrange multiplier method,the minimum distance between the center of a circle and a quadric surface is given as well.Experience shows that the coordinate transformation could significantly simplify the method for calculating intersection to the tangency condition.It can improve the stability of the intersection of given curves and surfaces in singularity cases.The new algorithm is applied in a three dimensional CAD software (GEMS),produced by Tsinghua University.
At the Intersection of Identities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hidasi Judit
2016-12-01
Full Text Available It is assumed that part of today’s societal difficulties, uncertainties and crisis worldwide can be attributed to the competing of multiple identities, to their intersections and their overlapping nature – on the level of nations, on the level of communities and also on the level of the individual. We aim at presenting a typology of identities that come into play in the public and in the private domain of the individual. It is hypothesized that there is a strong interdependence of cultural heritage, human values and social traditions in the competition of identities. These questions, which are interrelated and interconnected with each other through a common denominator, namely “cultural-mental programming” and “reprogramming efforts,” are going to be pondered about in the presentation. In the context of globalization the relevance of this topic is reinforced by the need to adapt to changes within the ever-intensifying shift from intercultural to multicultural environment in communities, in business and in work places. Attempts will be made to articulate some projections with respect to future trends that are to be expected: the way to go from competing identities to establishing a competitive identity (Simon Anholt. The contribution does not offer ready solutions but rather serves as fuel for further discussions.
Session Types = Intersection Types + Union Types
Padovani, Luca
2011-01-01
We propose a semantically grounded theory of session types which relies on intersection and union types. We argue that intersection and union types are natural candidates for modeling branching points in session types and we show that the resulting theory overcomes some important defects of related behavioral theories. In particular, intersections and unions provide a native solution to the problem of computing joins and meets of session types. Also, the subtyping relation turns out to be a pre-congruence, while this is not always the case in related behavioral theories.
Conical intersections in an ultracold gas
Wüster, S; Rost, J M
2010-01-01
We find that energy surfaces of more than two atoms or molecules interacting via dipole-dipole po- tentials generically possess conical intersections (CIs). Typically only few atoms participate strongly in such an intersection. For the fundamental case, a circular trimer, we show how the CI affects adiabatic excitation transport via electronic decoherence or geometric phase interference. These phe- nomena may be experimentally accessible if the trimer is realized by light alkali atoms in a ring trap, whose dipole-dipole interactions are induced by off-resonant dressing with Rydberg states. Such a setup promises a direct probe of the full many-body density dynamics near a conical intersection.
Optimising Signalised Intersection Using Wireless Vehicle Detectors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Adjin, Daniel Michael Okwabi; Torkudzor, Moses; Asare, Jack
Traffic congestion on roads wastes travel times. In this paper, we developed a vehicular traffic model to optimise a signalised intersection in Accra, using wireless vehicle detectors. Traffic volume gathered was extrapolated to cover 2011 and 2016 and were analysed to obtain the peak hour traffic...... volume causing congestion. The intersection was modelled and simulated in Synchro7 as an actuated signalised model using results from the analysed data. The model for morning peak periods gave optimal cycle lengths of 100s and 150s with corresponding intersection delay of 48.9s and 90.6s in 2011 and 2016...... respectively while that for the evening was 55s giving delay of 14.2s and 16.3s respectively. It is shown that the model will improve traffic flow at the intersection....
Hirzebruch-Milnor classes of complete intersections
Maxim, Laurentiu; Schuermann, Joerg
2012-01-01
We prove a new formula for the Hirzebruch-Milnor classes of global complete intersections with arbitrary singularities describing the difference between the Hirzebruch classes and the virtual ones. This generalizes a formula for the Chern-Milnor classes in the hypersurface case that was conjectured by S. Yokura and was proved by A. Parusinski and P. Pragacz. It also generalizes a formula of T. Suwa for the Chern-Milnor classes of complete intersections with isolated singularities.
Intersection Logic in sequent calculus style
Della Rocca, Simona Ronchi; Stavrinos, Yiorgos; Veneti, Anastasia; 10.4204/EPTCS.45.2
2011-01-01
The intersection type assignment system has been designed directly as deductive system for assigning formulae of the implicative and conjunctive fragment of the intuitionistic logic to terms of lambda-calculus. But its relation with the logic is not standard. Between all the logics that have been proposed as its foundation, we consider ISL, which gives a logical interpretation of the intersection by splitting the intuitionistic conjunction into two connectives, with a local and global behaviour respectively, being the intersection the local one. We think ISL is a logic interesting by itself, and in order to support this claim we give a sequent calculus formulation of it, and we prove that it enjoys the cut elimination property.
Modeling aggressive driver behavior at unsignalized intersections.
Kaysi, Isam A; Abbany, Ali S
2007-07-01
The processing of vehicles at unsignalized intersections is a complex and highly interactive process, whereby each driver makes individual decisions about when, where, and how to complete the required maneuver, subject to his perceptions of distances, velocities, and own car's performance. Typically, the performance of priority-unsignalized intersections has been modeled with probabilistic approaches that consider the distribution of gaps in the major-traffic stream and their acceptance by the drivers of minor street vehicles based on the driver's "critical gap". This paper investigates the aggressive behavior of minor street vehicles at intersections that are priority-unsignalized but operate with little respect of control measures. The objective is to formulate a behavioral model that predicts the probability that a driver performs an aggressive maneuver as a function of a set of driver and traffic attributes. Parameters that were tested and modeled include driver characteristics (gender and age), car characteristics (performance and model year), and traffic attributes (number of rejected gaps, total waiting time at head of queue, and major-traffic speed). Binary probit models are developed and tested, based on a collected data set from an unsignalized intersection in the city of Beirut, to determine which of the studied variables are statistically significant in determining the aggressiveness of a specific driver. Primary conclusions reveal that age, car performance, and average speed on the major road are the major determinants of aggressive behavior. Another striking conclusion is that the total waiting time of the driver while waiting for an acceptable gap is of little significance in incurring the "forcing" behavior. The obtained model is incorporated in a simple simulation framework that reflects driver behavior and traffic stream interactions in estimating delay and conflict measures at unsignalized intersections. The simulation results were then compared
Switching exciton pulses through conical intersections
Leonhardt, K; Rost, J -M
2013-01-01
Exciton pulses transport excitation and entanglement adiabatically through Rydberg aggregates, assemblies of highly excited light atoms, which are set into directed motion by resonant dipole-dipole interaction. Here, we demonstrate the coherent splitting of such pulses as well as the spatial segregation of electronic excitation and atomic motion. Both mechanisms exploit local non-adiabatic effects at a conical intersection, turning them from a decoherence source into an asset. The intersection provides a sensitive knob controlling the propagation direction and coherence properties of exciton pulses.
Photodissociation of methyl formate: Conical intersections, roaming and triple fragmentation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lin, King-Chuen; Tsai, Po-Yu [Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Chao, Meng-Hsuan [Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Kasai, Toshio [Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Graduate School of Science, Department of Chemistry, Osaka University, Toyonaka, 560-0043 Osaka (Japan); Lombardi, Andrea [Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Perugia, 06123 Perugia (Italy); Palazzetti, Federico [Scuola Normale Superiore, 56126 Pisa (Italy); Aquilanti, Vincenzo [Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Perugia, 06123 Perugia (Italy); Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Struttura della Materia, 00016 Roma (Italy)
2015-12-31
The photodissociation channels of methyl formate have been extensively investigated by two different advanced experimental techniques, ion imaging and Fourier-Transform-Infrared emission spectroscopy, combined with quantum chemical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. Our aim is to characterize the role of alternative routes to the conventional transition-state mediated pathway: the roaming and the triple fragmentation processes. The photolysis experiments, carried out at a range of laser wavelengths in the vicinity of the triple fragmentation threshold, beside the simulation of large bunches of classical trajectories with different initial conditions, have shown that both mechanisms share a common path that involves a conical intersection during the relaxation process from the electronic excited state S{sub 1} to the ground state S{sub 0}.
Wood, Jonathan; Donnell, Eric T
2016-08-01
The continuous green T intersection is characterized by a channelized left-turn movement from the minor street approach onto the major street, along with a continuous through movement on the major street. The continuous flow through movement is not controlled by the three-phase traffic signal that is used to separate all other movements at the intersection. Rather, the continuous through movement typically has a green through arrow indicator to inform drivers that they do not have to stop. Past research has consistently shown that there are operational and environmental benefits to implementing this intersection form at three-leg locations, when compared to a conventional signalized intersection. These benefits include reduced delay, fuel consumption, and emissions. The safety effects of the conventional green T intersection are less clear. Past research has been limited to small sample sizes, or utilized only statistical comparisons reported crashes to evaluate the safety performance relative to similar intersection types. The present study overcomes past safety research evaluations by using a propensity scores-potential outcomes framework, with genetic matching, to compare the safety performance of the continuous green T to conventional signalized intersections, using treatment and comparison site data from Florida and South Carolina. The results show that the expected total, fatal and injury, and target crash (rear-end, angle, and sideswipe) frequencies are lower at the continuous green T intersection relative to the conventional signalized intersection (CMFs of 0.958 [95% CI=0.772-1.189], 0.846 [95% CI=0.651-1.099], and 0.920 [95% CI=0.714-1.185], respectively).
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Coe, Joshua D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Levine, B G [U IL AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN; Ong, M T [UIUC; Martinez, T J [UIUC
2008-01-01
We discuss the connectivity of intersection spaces and the role of minimal energy points within these intersection spaces (minimal energy conical intersections or MECIs) in promoting nonadiabatic transitions. We focus on malonaldeyde as a specific example, where there is a low-lying three-state conical intersection. This three-state intersection is the global minimum on the bright excited electronic state, but it plays a limited role in population transfer in our ab initio multiple spawning (AIMS) simulations because the molecule must traverse a series of two-state conical intersections to reach the three-state intersection. Due to the differences in seam space dimensionality separating conventional (two-state) and three-state intersections, we suggest that dynamical effects arising directly from a three-state intersection may prove difficult to observe in general. We also use a newly developed method for intersection optimization with geometric constraints to demonstrate the connectivity of all the stationary points in the intersection spaces for malonaldehyde. This supports the conjecture that all intersection spaces are connected, and that three-state intersections play a key role in extending this connectivity to all pairs of states, e.g. the S{sub 1}/S{sub 0} and S{sub 2}/S{sub 1} intersection spaces.
The Priority of Intersectionality in Academic Medicine.
Eckstrand, Kristen L; Eliason, Jennifer; St Cloud, Tiffani; Potter, Jennifer
2016-07-01
Recent societal events highlight inequities experienced by underrepresented and marginalized communities. These inequities are the impetus for ongoing efforts in academic medicine to create inclusive educational and patient care environments for diverse stakeholders. Frequently, approaches focus on singular populations or broad macroscopic concepts and do not always elucidate the complexities that arise at the intersection between multiple identities and life experiences. Intersectionality acknowledges multidimensional aspects of identity inclusive of historical, structural, and cultural factors. Understanding how multiple identity experiences impact different individuals, from patients to trainees to providers, is critical for improving health care education and delivery. Building on existing work within academic medicine, this Commentary outlines six key recommendations to advance intersectionality in academic medicine: embrace personal and collective loci of responsibility; examine and rectify unbalanced power dynamics; celebrate visibility and intersectional innovation; engage all stakeholders in the process of change; select and analyze meaningful metrics; and sustain the commitment to achieving health equity over time. Members of the academic medical community committed to advancing health equity can use these recommendations to promote and maintain meaningful changes that recognize and respond to the multidimensional voices and expressed needs of all individuals engaged in providing and receiving health care.
Intersection of the Exponential and Logarithmic Curves
Boukas, Andreas; Valahas, Theodoros
2009-01-01
The study of the number of intersection points of y = a[superscript x] and y = log[subscript a]x can be an interesting topic to present in a single-variable calculus class. In this article, the authors present a classroom presentation outline involving the basic algebra and the elementary calculus of the exponential and logarithmic functions. The…
Triangle-intersecting families on eight vertices
Filmus, Yuval
2011-01-01
Simonovits and S\\'{o}s conjectured that the maximal size of a triangle-intersecting family of graphs on $n$ vertices is $2^{\\binom{n}{2}-3}$. Their conjecture has recently been proved using spectral methods. We provide an elementary proof of the special case of $8$ vertices using a partition argument.
Inauguration ceremony for the Intersecting Storage Rings
1971-01-01
The inauguration ceremony for the Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR) was held on 16 October 1971. Kjell Johnsen is seen in the picture handing a symbolic key to the ISR to Edoardo Amaldi. From left to right on the podium: Victor Frederik Weisskopf, former Director-General; M Antonioz; Willibald Jentschke as Director-General of CERN, and on the other side Werner Heisenberg.
A Finite Model Property for Intersection Types
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rick Statman
2015-03-01
Full Text Available We show that the relational theory of intersection types known as BCD has the finite model property; that is, BCD is complete for its finite models. Our proof uses rewriting techniques which have as an immediate by-product the polynomial time decidability of the preorder <= (although this also follows from the so called beta soundness of BCD.
Improving the Performance of Urban Road Intersection.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dr. Fareed M.A.Karim
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Road intersection is responsible for an important proportion of air pollution especially in urban areas, due to long queues of vehicles waiting for discharge. Therefore, it is necessary to quantify their emissions as accurately as possible. In this study an attempt was made to research on reducing the traffic air pollution such as CO, CO2, HC and NOx, fuel consumption and vehicle operating cost along with improving the traffic flow and delay at a road intersection. One major uncontrolled (un signalized intersection in capital city Sana'a (Yemen was chosen for the study. The traffic air pollution, fuel consumption and vehicle operating cost as well as vehicle delay was calculated for the base year 2012 using aaSIDRA 2.0 software developed in Australia. For the horizon year 2022, three scenarios were considered for investigation viz. (1 do nothing, (2 signalizing the intersection and (3 construction of flyover. The analysis shows that for the above mentioned parameters scenario (3 will be the best scenario followed by scenario (2, while worst case scenario will be do nothing.
First interactions from the Intersecting Storage Rings
1971-01-01
On 27 January 1971, Kjell Johnsen, who led the construction team which built the Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR), announced that the first ever interactions from colliding protons had been recorded. On the left are Franco Bonaudi, who was responsible for the civil engineering and Dirk Neet, who later took charge of ISR operations.
Teaching Science from Cultural Points of Intersection
Grimberg, Bruna Irene; Gummer, Edith
2013-01-01
This study focuses on a professional development program for science teachers near or on American Indian reservations in Montana. This program was framed by culturally relevant pedagogy premises and was characterized by instructional strategies and content foci resulting from the intersection between three cultures: tribal, science teaching, and…
Vacuum chamber at intersection I-6
1971-01-01
The vacuum chamber at intersection region I-6, one of these where experiments in colliding-beam physics will be taking place. The "wheels" prevent the thin wall (1.5 mm) of the chamber from collapsing. The chamber is equipped with heating tapes and its wrapped in thermal insulation. Residual gas pressure at this and other similar regions is around 10_11.
Simulation of Intersection Rivet at Non-signalized Intersection in Housing Scheme
Nazmi, Mohd; Takaba, Sadao; Ohno, Sumio; Yusoff, Mohd Nazaruddin
Accident in the residential area are become serious case in Malaysia. Most of the incidents occur among pedestrians, bicycles, motorcycles and vehicles. Our research purpose is to avoid collision at the non-signalized intersection in the housing scheme. We committed to reduce injuries and increase pedestrians' safety. Our research provides important information that can help driver predict common problems and take steps to prevent collisions. Intersection rivet is proposed for this matter. This type of signal system can prevent any accident in a dangerous non-signalized intersection. Simulation tools and systems are developed to find and solve the problem in order to decrease any fatal incident. Investigation data were used to simulate the situation more precisely. The result will be effective as reference to set the parameter of control system of the intersection rivet.
Feuerbacher, Sven; Sommerfeld, Thomas; Cederbaum, Lorenz S
2004-02-15
Whereas conical intersections between potential energy surfaces of bound states are well known, the interaction of short-lived states has been investigated only rarely. Here, we present several systematically constructed model Hamiltonians to study the topology of intersecting complex potential energy surfaces describing short-lived states: We find the general phenomenon of doubly intersecting complex energy surfaces, i.e., there are two points instead of one as in the case of bound states where the potential energy surfaces coalesce. In addition, seams of intersections of the respective real and imaginary parts of the potential energy surfaces emanate from these two points. Using the Sigma* and Pi* resonance states of the chloroethene anion as a practical example, we demonstrate that our complete linear model Hamiltonian is able to reproduce all phenomena found in explicitly calculated ab initio complex potential energy surfaces.
Periodic points in the intersection of immediate attracting basins boundaries
Rossetti, Bastien
2014-01-01
We give sufficient conditions under which the set of eventually periodic points in the intersection of immediate attracting basins boundaries is non-empty. We give other conditions under which this set is dense in the intersection.
Political Intersectionality and Democratic Politics in the European Public Sphere
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siim, Birte
2015-01-01
. The aim of the essay is to further deepen the theoretical and empirical understanding of intersectionality by reflecting on the relations between political intersectionality and democratic politics from a particular European perspective. It thus confronts theory and research findings concerning...
Statistical modeling of total crash frequency at highway intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arash M. Roshandeh
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Intersection-related crashes are associated with high proportion of accidents involving drivers, occupants, pedestrians, and cyclists. In general, the purpose of intersection safety analysis is to determine the impact of safety-related variables on pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles, so as to facilitate the design of effective and efficient countermeasure strategies to improve safety at intersections. This study investigates the effects of traffic, environmental, intersection geometric and pavement-related characteristics on total crash frequencies at intersections. A random-parameter Poisson model was used with crash data from 357 signalized intersections in Chicago from 2004 to 2010. The results indicate that out of the identified factors, evening peak period traffic volume, pavement condition, and unlighted intersections have the greatest effects on crash frequencies. Overall, the results seek to suggest that, in order to improve effective highway-related safety countermeasures at intersections, significant attention must be focused on ensuring that pavements are adequately maintained and intersections should be well lighted. It needs to be mentioned that, projects could be implemented at and around the study intersections during the study period (7 years, which could affect the crash frequency over the time. This is an important variable which could be a part of the future studies to investigate the impacts of safety-related works at intersections and their marginal effects on crash frequency at signalized intersections.
Birationally rigid Fano complete intersections. II
Pukhlikov, Aleksandr
2011-01-01
We prove that a generic (in the sense of Zariski topology) Fano complete intersection $V$ of the type $(d_1,...,d_k)$ in ${\\mathbb P}^{M+k}$, where $d_1+...+d_k=M+k$, is birationally superrigid if $M\\geq 7$, $M\\geq k+3$ and $\\mathop{\\rm max} \\{d_i\\}\\geq 4$. In particular, on the variety $V$ there is exactly one structure of a Mori fibre space (or a rationally connected fibre space), the groups of birational and biregular self-maps coincide, $\\mathop{\\rm Bir} V= \\mathop{\\rm Aut} V$, and the variety $V$ is non-rational. This fact covers a considerably larger range of complete intersections than the result of [J. reine angew. Math. {\\bf 541} (2001), 55-79], which required the condition $M\\geq 2k+1$. The paper is dedicated to the memory of Eckart Viehweg.
Planning of Autonomous Multi-agent Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Viksnin Ilya I.
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a traffic management system with agents acting on behalf autonomous vehicle at the crossroads. Alternatively to existing solutions based on usage of semiautonomous control systems with the control unit, proposed in this paper algorithm apply the principles of decentralized multi-agent control. Agents during their collaboration generate intersection plan and determinate the optimal order of road intersection for a given criterion based on the exchange of information about them and their environment. The paper contains optimization criteria for possible routes selection and experiments that perform in order to estimate the proposed model. Experiment results show that this model can significantly reduce traffic density compared to the traditional traffic management systems. Moreover, the proposed algorithm efficiency increases with road traffic density. Furthermore, the availability of control unit in the system significantly reduces the negative impact of possible failures and hacker attacks.
Spiked instantons from intersecting D-branes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nikita Nekrasov
2017-01-01
Full Text Available The moduli space of spiked instantons that arises in the context of the BPS/CFT correspondence [22] is realised as the moduli space of classical vacua, i.e. low-energy open string field configurations, of a certain stack of intersecting D1-branes and D5-branes in Type IIB string theory. The presence of a constant B-field induces an interesting dynamics involving the tachyon condensation.
Spiked instantons from intersecting D-branes
Nekrasov, Nikita; Prabhakar, Naveen S.
2017-01-01
The moduli space of spiked instantons that arises in the context of the BPS/CFT correspondence [22] is realised as the moduli space of classical vacua, i.e. low-energy open string field configurations, of a certain stack of intersecting D1-branes and D5-branes in Type IIB string theory. The presence of a constant B-field induces an interesting dynamics involving the tachyon condensation.
Spiked Instantons from Intersecting D-branes
Nekrasov, Nikita
2016-01-01
The moduli space of spiked instantons that arises in the context of the BPS/CFT correspondence is realised as the moduli space of classical vacua, i.e. low-energy open string field configurations, of a certain stack of intersecting D1-branes and D5-branes in Type IIB string theory. The presence of a constant B-field induces an interesting dynamics involving the tachyon condensation.
Complete Intersection Fibers in F-Theory
Braun, Volker; Keitel, Jan
2014-01-01
Global F-theory compactifications whose fibers are realized as complete intersections form a richer set of models than just hypersurfaces. The detailed study of the physics associated with such geometries depends crucially on being able to put the elliptic fiber into Weierstrass form. While such a transformation is always guaranteed to exist, its explicit form is only known in a few special cases. We present a general algorithm for computing the Weierstrass form of elliptic curves defined as complete intersections of different codimensions and use it to solve all cases of complete intersections of two equations in an ambient toric variety. Using this result, we determine the toric Mordell-Weil groups of all 3134 nef partitions obtained from the 4319 three-dimensional reflexive polytopes and find new groups that do not exist for toric hypersurfaces. As an application, we construct several models that cannot be realized as toric hypersurfaces, such as the first toric SU(5) GUT model in the literature with disti...
Information point and saturation flow at signalized intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lijun Gao
2016-08-01
Full Text Available This paper introduces an information point factor and attempts to identify how it affects saturation flow and their relationship at signalized intersections. An information point is defined as any object, structure, or activity located outside of a traveling vehicle that can potentially attract the visual attention of the driver. Saturation flow rates are studied at three pairs of signalized intersections in Toledo, Ohio, USA. Each pair of intersections consists of one intersection with a high number of information points and one intersection with a low number of information points. Study results reveal that, for each pair of intersections, the one with high information points has a lower saturation flow rate than the one with low information points. A statistical analysis shows that the differences are significant. Based on the saturation flow data of the paired intersections, information point effect models are developed and presented in this paper.
Minimal free resolutions over complete intersections
Eisenbud, David
2016-01-01
This book introduces a theory of higher matrix factorizations for regular sequences and uses it to describe the minimal free resolutions of high syzygy modules over complete intersections. Such resolutions have attracted attention ever since the elegant construction of the minimal free resolution of the residue field by Tate in 1957. The theory extends the theory of matrix factorizations of a non-zero divisor, initiated by Eisenbud in 1980, which yields a description of the eventual structure of minimal free resolutions over a hypersurface ring. Matrix factorizations have had many other uses in a wide range of mathematical fields, from singularity theory to mathematical physics.
Reactive chemical dynamics through conical intersections
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S Ghosal; B Jayachander Rao; S Mahapatra
2007-09-01
Reaction dynamics of prototypical, D + H2 and Cl (2P) + H2, chemical reactions occurring through the conical intersections of the respective coupled multi-sheeted potential energy surfaces is examined here. In addition to the electronic coupling, nonadiabatic effects due to relativistic spin-orbit coupling are also considered for the latter reaction. A time-dependent wave packet propagation approach is undertaken and the quantum dynamical observables viz., energy resolved reaction probabilities, integral reaction cross-sections and thermal rate constants are reported.
An Optimal Online Algorithm for Halfplane Intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Jigang; JI Yongchang; CHEN Guoliang
2000-01-01
The intersection of N halfplanes is a basic problem in computational geometry and computer graphics. The optimal offiine algorithm for this problem runs in time O(N log N). In this paper, an optimal online algorithm which runs also in time O(N log N) for this problem is presented. The main idea of the algorithm is to give a new definition for the left side of a given line, to assign the order for the points of a convex polygon, and then to use binary search method in an ordered vertex set. The data structure used in the algorithm is no more complex than array.
Aircraft recognition based on the discrepancy of polygon intersection area
Deng, Xiujian; Wang, Yanfang; Feng, Qi
2017-01-01
In this paper, a new algorithm that based on discrepancy of polygon intersection area for aircraft recognition is presented. The recognition algorithm process involves three parts: generating polygon of aircraft, placing overlapping plane polygons and computing the area of total intersecting polygons. For the purpose of getting the polygon of aircraft, the picture that was ready to be recognized has gone through a series of pre-processing and the smallest circumference polygon algorithm was used to get approximate polygon of the target contour. To make the two compared polygons have the approximate area, the similar principle was utilized. The matching procedure was divided into four steps including computing intersecting points, computing polygon intersecting sets, computing the intersecting area and getting the intersecting rate to recognize the aircraft. The data structure of algorithm is based on doubly liked list principle. A mass of simulations illustrate that the proposed algorithm is effective and reasonable.
Study on Optimization of Phase Offset at Adjacent Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuanli GU
2010-11-01
Full Text Available Optimization of the phase offset at adjacent intersections is the key parameter regarding coordinated control of traffic signal for adjacent intersections, which decides the effect of the coordinated control for adjacent intersections. According to characters of saturated traffic flow of Chinese urban road, this thesis establishes a model for optimization of phase offset for adjacent interactions and finds a solution from such model by adopting genetic algorithm. The model is verified by actual traffic flow datum of two adjacent signal intersections on Changan Avenue. Then a comparison is made between the optimization result of such model and that of the existing mathematical method and SYNCHRO model, which indicates that the model established by this thesis can reduce the delay suffered by vehicles at the intersections and increase the traffic efficiency of the intersections.
Volume of intersection of two cones
Balogun, F A; Cesareo, R
2000-01-01
Radiation measurements utilising collimated source and detector systems invariably result in a target volume described by the overlap of their fields of view. When these collimators are cylindrical, this is derived from the volume of intersection of two cones. In general, analysis of this volume does not lend itself to a direct analytical process. Here, numerical methods of estimating the common volume of two intersecting right cones are presented. These include methods which employ, (a) a sequential scanning of an elemental volume with a predetermined size across a defined space containing the volume of interest and (b) a Monte Carlo technique. The accuracy obtainable and the execution time in the first type of algorithm depend on the size of the elemental volume (bin-size). On the other hand, these two parameters are independent of the bin-size but dependent on the number of histories sampled, for the Monte Carlo technique. At 0 deg. angle of inclination, where an analytical estimation is easily obtained, t...
Locating conical intersections relevant to photochemical reactions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dick, Bernhard [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Universitaet Regensburg, D 93040 Regensburg (Germany)], E-mail: Bernhard.Dick@chemie.uni-regensburg.de; Haas, Yehuda; Zilberg, Shmuel [Department of Physical Chemistry and the Farkas Center for Light-induced Processes, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)
2008-05-23
A new computerized method for locating conical intersections of interest in photochemistry is presented. The search is based on the Longuet-Higgins phase change theorem (Berry phase) which provides the subspace required for the initial search. The subspace is approximated as a plane containing three stable structures lying on a Longuet-Higgins loop. The search is conducted for a minimum of {delta}E, the energy difference between two electronic states. It is started using up to three points within the circle defined by the three structures; symmetry, if relevant, is helpful but not essential. Since a two-dimensional subspace of the large 3N - 6 space is used, the search that uses either Cartesian or internal coordinates is efficient and yields a degeneracy after a few iterations. Given that not all degrees of freedom are included in the search, usually a high lying part of the conical intersection is initially located. The system is subsequently optimized along all coordinates keeping {delta}E as close to zero as desired. The method is demonstrated for the symmetric H{sub 3} system and also for the butadiene-cyclobutene-bicyclobutane system in which the three stable structures are not equivalent. The method is general and can be extended to any photochemical system.
Intersecting Solitons, Amoeba and Tropical Geometry
Fujimori, Toshiaki; Ohta, Kazutoshi; Sakai, Norisuke; Yamazaki, Masahito
2008-01-01
We study generic intersection (or web) of vortices with instantons inside, which is a 1/4 BPS state in the Higgs phase of five-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric U(Nc) gauge theory on R_t \\times (C^\\ast)^2 \\simeq R^{2,1} \\times T^2 with Nf=Nc Higgs scalars in the fundamental representation. In the case of the Abelian-Higgs model (Nf=Nc=1), the intersecting vortex sheets can be beautifully understood in a mathematical framework of amoeba and tropical geometry, and we propose a dictionary relating solitons and gauge theory to amoeba and tropical geometry. A projective shape of vortex sheets is described by the amoeba. Vortex charge density is uniformly distributed among vortex sheets, and negative contribution to instanton charge density is understood as the complex Monge-Ampere measure with respect to a plurisubharmonic function on (C^\\ast)^2. The Wilson loops in T^2 are related with derivatives of the Ronkin function. The general form of the Kahler potential and the asymptotic metric of the moduli space of a vort...
Surface/Surface Intersection Using Simulated Annealing Genetic Algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
The genetic algorithm and marching method are integrated into a novel algorithm to solve the surface intersection problem. By combining genetic algorithm with local searching method the efficiency of evolution is greatly improved. By fully utilizing the global searching ability and instinct attribute for parallel computation of genetic algorithm and the local rapid convergency of marching method, the algorithm can compute the intersection robustly and generate correct topology of intersection curves. The details of the new algorithm are discussed here.
Landscaping of highway medians and roadway safety at unsignalized intersections.
Chen, Hongyun; Fabregas, Aldo; Lin, Pei-Sung
2016-05-01
Well-planted and maintained landscaping can help reduce driving stress, provide better visual quality, and decrease over speeding, thus improving roadway safety. Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) Standard Index (SI-546) is one of the more demanding standards in the U.S. for landscaping design criteria at highway medians near intersections. The purposes of this study were to (1) empirically evaluate the safety results of SI-546 at unsignalized intersections and (2) quantify the impacts of geometrics, traffic, and landscaping design features on total crashes and injury plus fatal crashes. The studied unsignalized intersections were divided into (1) those without median trees near intersections, (2) those with median trees near intersections that were compliant with SI-546, and (3) those with median trees near intersections that were non-compliant with SI-546. A total of 72 intersections were selected, for which five-year crash data from 2006-2010 were collected. The sites that were compliant with SI-546 showed the best safety performance in terms of the lowest crash counts and crash rates. Four crash predictive models-two for total crashes and two for injury crashes-were developed. The results indicated that improperly planted and maintained median trees near highway intersections can increase the total number of crashes and injury plus fatal crashes at a 90% confidence level; no significant difference could be found in crash rates between sites that were compliant with SI-546 and sites without trees. All other conditions remaining the same, an intersection with trees that was not compliant with SI-546 had 63% more crashes and almost doubled injury plus fatal crashes than those at intersections without trees. The study indicates that appropriate landscaping in highway medians near intersections can be an engineering technology that not only improves roadway environmental quality but also maintains intersection safety.
Minimal left-right symmetric intersecting D-brane model
Anchordoqui, Luis A; Goldberg, Haim; Huang, Xing; Lust, Dieter; Taylor, Tomasz R
2016-01-01
We investigate left-right symmetric extensions of the standard model based on open strings ending on D-branes, with gauge bosons due to strings attached to stacks of D-branes and chiral matter due to strings stretching between intersecting D-branes. The left-handed and right-handed fermions transform as doublets under Sp(1)_L and Sp(1)_R, and so their masses must be generated by the introduction of Higgs fields in a bi-fundamental (2,2) representation under the two Sp(1) gauge groups. For such D-brane configurations the left-right symmetry must be broken by Higgs fields in the doublet representation of Sp(1)_R and therefore Majorana mass terms are suppressed by some higher physics scale. The left-handed and right-handed neutrinos pair up to form Dirac fermions which maneuver the decay widths of the right-handed W' boson to yield comparable branching fractions into dilepton and dijets channels. Using the most recent searches at LHC13 Run II with 2016 data we constrain the (g_R, m_{W'}) parameter space. Our ana...
Inequalities for Dual Quermassintegrals of Mixed Intersection Bodies
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Zhao Chang-jian; Leng Gang-song
2005-02-01
In this paper, we first introduce a new concept of dual quermassintegral sum function of two star bodies and establish Minkowski’s type inequality for dual quermassintegral sum of mixed intersection bodies, which is a general form of the Minkowski inequality for mixed intersection bodies. Then, we give the Aleksandrov–Fenchel inequality and the Brunn–Minkowski inequality for mixed intersection bodies and some related results. Our results present, for intersection bodies, all dual inequalities for Lutwak’s mixed prosection bodies inequalities.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Agustin, Lise Rolandsen; Lombardo, Emanuela
are increasingly present but they are treated implicitly and from a separate perspective, and the inclusion of a wide range of inequalities often implies a degendering of the policy content. We assess the implications of the identified intersectionality trends for the quality of intersectionality in gender......This paper explores the extent to which the emergence of an anti-discrimination policy in the European Union (EU) implies a shift in EU gender equality policies towards an intersectional approach. The frame analysis of EU gender equality policy documents shows that intersectional dimensions...
ON INTERSECTIONS OF INDEPENDENT NONDEGENERATE DIFFUSION PROCESSES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhenlong CHEN
2014-01-01
Let X(1) = {X(1)(s), s ∈ R+} and X(2) = {X(2)(t), t ∈ R+} be two inde-pendent nondegenerate diffusion processes with values in Rd. The existence and fractal dimension of intersections of the sample paths of X (1) and X (2) are studied. More gener-ally, let E1, E2⊆(0,∞) and F ⊂Rd be Borel sets. A necessary condition and a suffcient condition for P{X(1)(E1)∩X(2)(E2)∩F 6=∅}>0 are proved in terms of the Bessel-Riesz type capacity and Hausdorff measure of E1 × E2 × F in the metric space (R+× R+× Rd,ρb), whereρb is an unsymmetric metric defined in R+× R+× Rd. Under reasonable conditions, results resembling those of Browian motion are obtained.
Belonging and Unbelonging from an Intersectional Perspective
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Ann-Dorte
2009-01-01
The article is primarily theoretical and conceptual. It focuses on the notion of belonging from an intersectional perspective. The purpose is to discuss different dimensions of the concept of ‘belonging' and its rooting at different analytical levels. The first part of the article outlines...... the theoretical framework. The point of departure is multilayered citizenship and different notions of belonging. Second, the notion of belonging is divided into three analytical levels: (a) the macro level: imagined communities; (b) the meso level: collective organizations; and (c) the micro level: everyday......, for instance how to combine analysis of model citizenship/migration regimes with perspectives on everyday life. Another question relates to dilemmas within studies of everyday life. On the one hand, these studies are based on voices from below and a high degree of authenticity, but on the other hand, they tend...
Experimental probing of conical intersection dynamics in the photodissociation of thioanisole.
Lim, Jeong Sik; Kim, Sang Kyu
2010-08-01
Chemical reactions that occur in the ground electronic state are described well by invoking the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, which allows their development to be rationalized by nuclear rearrangements that smoothly traverse an adiabatic potential energy surface. The situation is different, however, for reactions in electronically excited states, where non-adiabatic transitions occur between adiabatic surfaces. The conical intersection, in which two adiabatic surfaces touch, is accepted widely as the dynamic funnel for efficient non-adiabatic transitions, but its direct experimental probing is rare. Here, we investigate the photodissociation of thioanisole and observe a striking dependence of the relative yields of two reaction channels on the photoexcitation energy as indicated by a dynamic resonance in the product branching ratio. This results from the interference of two different adiabatic states that are in close proximity in the region of a conical intersection. The location of the observed resonance on the multidimensional potential energy surface thus reveals the nuclear configuration of the conical intersection and its dynamic role in the non-adiabatic transition.
Intersection of Three Planes Revisited--An Algebraic Approach
Trenkler, Götz; Trenkler, Dietrich
2017-01-01
Given three planes in space, a complete characterization of their intersection is provided. Special attention is paid to the case when the intersection set does not exist of one point only. Besides the vector cross product, the tool of generalized inverse of a matrix is used extensively.
Differential forms and Hodge numbers for toric complete intersections
Hamm, Helmut A
2011-01-01
We discuss conditions for complete intersections in a toric variety which allow to compute Hodge numbers if the complete intersection is a quasi-smooth complete variety. A preliminary step is the computation of the Euler characteristic of differential forms, we also look at symmetric or arbitrary forms instead of the usual alternating ones.
Intersectionality and the Canadian Museum for Human Rights
Dhamoon, Rita Kaur; Hankivsky, Olena
2015-01-01
In this commentary, the authors propose than an intersectionality perspective can transform understandings of the contentious content of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights (CMHR). The use of an intersectionality perspective starts from the position that such discourses as racialization, gendering, capitalism, and ableism are mutually…
4-manifolds and intersection forms with local coefficients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Frøyshov, Kim Anders
2012-01-01
We extend Donaldson's diagonalization theorem to intersection forms with certain local coefficients, under some constraints. This provides new examples of non-smoothable topological 4-manifolds.......We extend Donaldson's diagonalization theorem to intersection forms with certain local coefficients, under some constraints. This provides new examples of non-smoothable topological 4-manifolds....
The Structure Theorem for Complete Intersections of Grade 4
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Oh-Jin Kang; Hyoung J. Ko
2005-01-01
Serre showed that a Gorenstein ideal of grade 2 is a complete intersection, and Buchsbaum and Eisenbud proved a structure theorem for Gorenstein ideals of grade 3. It is found that a certain complete matrix defines a perfect ideal K3(f).As an application,we present a structure theorem for complete intersections of grade 4.
A new proof of Faber's intersection number conjecture
Buryak, A
2009-01-01
We give a new proof of Faber's intersection number conjecture concerning the top intersections in the tautological ring of the moduli space of curves $\\M_g$. The proof is based on a very straightforward geometric and combinatorial computation with double ramification cycles.
The Ideal Intersection Property for Groupoid Graded Rings
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Öinert, Per Johan; Lundström, Patrik
2012-01-01
We show that, if a groupoid graded ring has a grading satisfying a certain nondegeneracy property, then the commutant of the center of the principal component of the ring has the ideal intersection property, that is it intersects nontrivially every nonzero ideal of the ring. Furthermore, we show ...
The Intersection of Gender and Age: An Exploration
Gander, Michelle
2014-01-01
The understanding of gender inequality for women entering work has not been subject to significant research or theorizing. This small study indicated that young women entering the workplace are subject to direct discrimination and by using an intersectionality approach this paper proposes that the intersection of gender and young age results in…
Self-Intersecting Periodic Curves in the Plane
Howie, J
2010-01-01
Suppose a smooth planar curve $\\gamma$ is $2\\pi$-periodic in the $x$ direction and the length of one period is $\\ell$. It is shown that if $\\gamma$ self-intersects, then it has a segment of length $\\ell- 2\\pi$ on which it self-intersects and somewhere its curvature is at least $2\\pi/(\\ell - 2\\pi)$. The proof involves the projection $\\Gamma$ of $\\gamma$ onto a cylinder. (The complex relation between $\\gamma$ and $\\Gamma$ was recently observed analytically by T. M. Apostol and M. A. Mnatsakanian. When $\\gamma$ is in general position there is a bijection between self-intersection points of $\\gamma$ modulo the periodicity, and self-intersection points of $\\Gamma$ with winding number 0 around the cylinder. However, our proof depends on the observation that a loop in $\\Gamma$ with winding number 1 leads to a self-intersection point of $\\gamma$.
Simulation of queue with cyclic service in signalized intersection system
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Muhammad Dermawan Mulyodiputro
2015-03-01
Full Text Available The simulation was implemented by modeling the queue with cyclic service in the signalized intersection system. The service policies used in this study were exhaustive and gated, the model was the M/M/1 queue, the arrival rate used was Poisson distribution and the services rate used was Exponential distribution. In the gated service policy, the server served only vehicles that came before the green signal appears at an intersection. Considered that there were 2 types of exhaustive policy in the signalized intersection system, namely normal exhaustive (vehicles only served during the green signal was still active, and exhaustive (there was the green signal duration addition at the intersection, when the green signal duration at an intersection finished. The results of this queueing simulation program were to obtain characteristics and performance of the system, i.e. average number of vehicles and waiting time of vehicles in the intersection and in the system, as well as system utilities. Then from these values, it would be known which of the cyclic service policies (normal exhaustive, exhaustive and gated was the most suitable when applied to a signalized intersection system
Narrating the Intersectionalities of Gender Violence: Editorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Floretta Boonzaier
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The telling, sharing and, most critically, the hearing of stories related to gender violence has been a critical part of the project of feminism as well as the refuge movement (Dobash and Dobash 1979, Kelly 1988. This an introduction to a set of papers that represent highlights from the conference entitled “International Congress on Gender Violence: Intersectionalities” in terms of how the intersections of gender violence have been narrated. Contar, compartir, y, más críticamente, escuchar historias relacionadas con la violencia de género ha sido una parte fundamental del proyecto del feminismo, así como del movimiento de refugio (Dobash y Dobash 1979, Kelly 1988. Esta es una introducción a una serie de artículos representativos del Congreso Internacional sobre Violencia de Género: Intersecciones, que abordan cómo se han relatado las intersecciones de la violencia de género. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2710203
Component evolution in general random intersection graphs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bradonjic, Milan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hagberg, Aric [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hengartner, Nick [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Percus, Allon G [CLAREMONT GRADUATE UNIV.
2010-01-01
We analyze component evolution in general random intersection graphs (RIGs) and give conditions on existence and uniqueness of the giant component. Our techniques generalize the existing methods for analysis on component evolution in RIGs. That is, we analyze survival and extinction properties of a dependent, inhomogeneous Galton-Watson branching process on general RIGs. Our analysis relies on bounding the branching processes and inherits the fundamental concepts from the study on component evolution in Erdos-Renyi graphs. The main challenge becomes from the underlying structure of RIGs, when the number of offsprings follows a binomial distribution with a different number of nodes and different rate at each step during the evolution. RIGs can be interpreted as a model for large randomly formed non-metric data sets. Besides the mathematical analysis on component evolution, which we provide in this work, we perceive RIGs as an important random structure which has already found applications in social networks, epidemic networks, blog readership, or wireless sensor networks.
An efficient quantum scheme for Private Set Intersection
Shi, Run-hua; Mu, Yi; Zhong, Hong; Cui, Jie; Zhang, Shun
2016-01-01
Private Set Intersection allows a client to privately compute set intersection with the collaboration of the server, which is one of the most fundamental and key problems within the multiparty collaborative computation of protecting the privacy of the parties. In this paper, we first present a cheat-sensitive quantum scheme for Private Set Intersection. Compared with classical schemes, our scheme has lower communication complexity, which is independent of the size of the server's set. Therefore, it is very suitable for big data services in Cloud or large-scale client-server networks.
The probability that a complete intersection is smooth
Bucur, Alina
2010-01-01
Given a smooth subscheme of a projective space over a finite field, we compute the probability that its intersection with a fixed number of hypersurface sections of large degree is smooth of the expected dimension. This generalizes the case of a single hypersurface, due to Poonen. We use this result to give a probabilistic model for the number of rational points of such a complete intersection. A somewhat surprising corollary is that the number of rational points on a random smooth intersection of two curves in projective 3-space is strictly less than the number of points on the projective line.
Olsen, Seth; McKenzie, Ross H
2009-12-21
We propose a minimal model Hamiltonian for the electronic structure of a monomethine dye, in order to describe the photoisomerization of such dyes. The model describes interactions between three diabatic electronic states, each of which can be associated with a valence bond structure. Monomethine dyes are characterized by a charge-transfer resonance; the indeterminacy of the single-double bonding structure dictated by the resonance is reflected in a duality of photoisomerization pathways corresponding to the different methine bonds. The possible multiplicity of decay channels complicates mechanistic models of the effect of the environment on fluorescent quantum yields, as well as coherent control strategies. We examine the extent and topology of intersection seams between the electronic states of the dye and how they relate to charge localization and selection between different decay pathways. We find that intersections between the S(1) and S(0) surfaces only occur for large twist angles. In contrast, S(2)/S(1) intersections can occur near the Franck-Condon region. When the molecule has left-right symmetry, all intersections are associated with con- or disrotations and never with single bond twists. For asymmetric molecules (i.e., where the bridge couples more strongly to one end) the S(2) and S(1) surfaces bias torsion about different bonds. Charge localization and torsion pathway biasing are correlated. We relate our observations with several recent experimental and theoretical results, which have been obtained for dyes with similar structure.
A Unified Algorithm for Finding the Intersection Curve of Surfaces
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谭建荣; 郑建民; 等
1994-01-01
In this papaer,an INTEGRAL CURVE ALGORITHM is presented,which turns the intersection curve of surfaces into the form of integral one and then uses “PREDICTORCORRECTOR” technique to evaluate the intersection of surfaces.No matter how the surfaces are defined,the method always deals with the intersection curves in the same way.To find a point on the curve one need only to calculate the JACOBI determinants of “PREDICTOR point”and “CORRECTOR point” while the second order precision is guatanteed.Thus,not only is the problem of finding the intersection of surfaces resolved,but also the algorithms for generating both plane curve and space curve are unified.
Intersection patterns of convex sets via simplicial complexes, a survey
Tancer, Martin
2011-01-01
The task of this survey is to present various results on intersection patterns of convex sets. One of main tools for studying intersection patterns is a point of view via simplicial complexes. We recall the definitions of so called $d$-representable, $d$-collapsible and $d$-Leray simplicial complexes which are very useful for this study. We study the differences among these notions and we also focus on computational complexity for recognizing them. A list of Helly-type theorems is presented in the survey and it is also discussed how (important) role play the above mentioned notions for the theorems. We also consider intersection patterns of good covers which generalize collections of convex sets (the sets may be `curvy'; however, their intersections cannot be too complicated). We mainly focus on new results.
Reconstructing Surface Triangulations by Their Intersection Matrices 26 September 2014
2015-01-01
The intersection matrix of a simplicial complex has entries equal to the rank of the intersecction of its facets. We prove that this matrix is enough to define up to isomorphism a triangulation of a surface.
Deformation of Singularities and the Homology of Intersection Spaces
Banagl, Markus
2011-01-01
While intersection cohomology is stable under small resolutions, both ordinary and intersection cohomology are unstable under smooth deformation of singularities. For complex projective algebraic hypersurfaces with an isolated singularity, we show that the first author's cohomology of intersection spaces is stable under smooth deformations in all degrees except possibly the middle, and in the middle degree precisely when the monodromy action on the cohomology of the Milnor fiber is trivial. In many situations, the isomorphism is shown to be a ring homomorphism induced by a continuous map. This is used to show that the rational cohomology of intersection spaces can be endowed with a mixed Hodge structure compatible with Deligne's mixed Hodge structure on the ordinary cohomology of the singular hypersurface.
The OAFM magnet for ISR intersection I-8
1979-01-01
The Open Axial Field Magnet (OAFM), weighing in at 300 tons, was installed in ISR intersection I-8 and brought into operation early in 1979. Fitted with a highly transparent "flat-fish" vacuum chamber, it served experiment R807 (large transverse momentum). Flat-fish vacuum chambers were originally developed for use inside the Split-Field Magnet (SFM) at intersection I-4: see 8310325 and references there.
Reduced Hamiltonian for intersecting shells and Hawking radiation
Menotti, Pietro
2010-01-01
We consider the dynamics of one or more self gravitating shells of matter in a centrally symmetric gravitational field in the Painleve' family of gauges. We give the reduced hamiltonian for two intersecting shells, both massless and massive. Such a formulation is applied to the computation of the semiclassical action of two intersecting shells. The relation of the imaginary part of the space-part of the action to the computation of the Bogoliubov coefficients is revisited.
INTERSECTION OF MCMULLEN SET WITH ITS RATIONAL TRANSLATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Meifeng Dai; Lixin Tang
2008-01-01
In this paper,we study the intersection of Mcmullen set with its rational translation.The main difficulty is that the generating structure of the intersection.By the radix expansion of translating vector,we give its fractal characterization.We find that the Hausdorff measure of these sets forms a discrete spectrum whose non-zero values come only from translating the vector(x,y)with its radix expansion.
Proceedings Sixth Workshop on Intersection Types and Related Systems
Graham-Lengrand, Stéphane; Paolini, Luca
2013-01-01
This volume contains the proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Intersection Types and Related Systems (ITRS 2012). The workshop was held in Dubrovnik (Croatia) on June 29th, 2012, affiliated to Twenty-Seventh Annual ACM/IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS 2012). The ITRS workshop aims to bring together researchers working on both the theory and practical applications of systems based on intersection types and related approaches (e.g., union types, refinement types, behavioural ty...
Estimation of air quality improvement at road and street intersections
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hoeglund, P.G. [Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden). Traffic and Transport Planning
1995-12-31
There has always been a very great problem to quantify the detrimental exhaust air pollution related to the traffic flow, especially at road and street intersections. Until now model calculations have been developed mainly for the links between the intersections. In an attempt to remedy this situation the author has developed a method of estimating emissions on the micro level from motor vehicles at intersections as a help for infrastructural design related to improved environmental conditions. Very parsimonious knowledge exists regarding the deceleration and acceleration patterns at road- and street intersections. Not many surveys are done neither in Sweden nor within other countries. Evidently, the need for knowledge regarding deceleration and acceleration behaviour on the micro level has until now not been given priority. In traffic safety related research studies have been done describing the drivers` deceleration and acceleration behaviour and the vehicles` braking performance. Those results give deceleration data for extreme situations and are not useful for describing normal decelerations and accelerations at road- and street intersections. Environment related problems within the traffic flow analysis are now accentuating the need for the studying of special deceleration and acceleration behaviours in combination with an alternative design of the road and street infrastructure. There is a big difference in different vehicles` amount of emitted exhaust pollutions during the passing of intersections depending on the vehicles` speed levels related to their deceleration and acceleration levels. (author)
Modeling signalized intersection safety with corridor-level spatial correlations.
Guo, Feng; Wang, Xuesong; Abdel-Aty, Mohamed A
2010-01-01
Intersections in close spatial proximity along a corridor should be considered as correlated due to interacted traffic flows as well as similar road design and environmental characteristics. It is critical to incorporate this spatial correlation for assessing the true safety impacts of risk factors. In this paper, several Bayesian models were developed to model the crash data from 170 signalized intersections in the state of Florida. The safety impacts of risk factors such as geometric design features, traffic control, and traffic flow characteristics were evaluated. The Poisson and Negative Binomial Bayesian models with non-informative priors were fitted but the focus is to incorporate spatial correlations among intersections. Two alternative models were proposed to capture this correlation: (1) a mixed effect model in which the corridor-level correlation is incorporated through a corridor-specific random effect and (2) a conditional autoregressive model in which the magnitude of correlations is determined by spatial distances among intersections. The models were compared using the Deviance Information Criterion. The results indicate that the Poisson spatial model provides the best model fitting. Analysis of the posterior distributions of model parameters indicated that the size of intersection, the traffic conditions by turning movement, and the coordination of signal phase have significant impacts on intersection safety.
Intersecting Surface Defects and Two-Dimensional CFT
Gomis, Jaume; Pan, Yiwen; Peelaers, Wolfger
2016-01-01
We initiate the study of intersecting surface operators/defects in four-dimensional quantum field theories (QFTs). We characterize these defects by coupled 4d/2d/0d theories constructed by coupling the degrees of freedom localized at a point and on intersecting surfaces in spacetime to each other and to the four-dimensional QFT. We construct supersymmetric intersecting surface defects preserving just two supercharges in N = 2 gauge theories. These defects are amenable to exact analysis by localization of the partition function of the underlying 4d/2d/0d QFT. We identify the 4d/2d/0d QFTs that describe intersecting surface operators in N = 2 gauge theories realized by intersecting M2-branes ending on N M5-branes wrapping a Riemann surface. We conjecture and provide evidence for an explicit equivalence between the squashed four-sphere partition function of these intersecting defects and correlation functions in Liouville/Toda CFT with the insertion of arbitrary degenerate vertex operators, which are labeled by ...
Li, Bo; Liu, Richeng; Jiang, Yujing
2016-07-01
Fluid flow tests were conducted on two crossed fracture models for which the geometries of fracture segments and intersections were measured by utilizing a visualization technique using a CCD (charged coupled device) camera. Numerical simulations by solving the Navier-Stokes equations were performed to characterize the fluid flow at fracture intersections. The roles of hydraulic gradient, surface roughness, intersecting angle, and scale effect in the nonlinear fluid flow behavior through single fracture intersections were investigated. The simulation results of flow rate agreed well with the experimental results for both models. The experimental and simulation results showed that with the increment of the hydraulic gradient, the ratio of the flow rate to the hydraulic gradient, Q/J, decreases and the relative difference of Q/J between the calculation results employing the Navier-Stokes equations and the cubic law, δ, increases. When taking into account the fracture surface roughness quantified by Z2 ranging 0-0.42 for J = 1, the value of δ would increase by 0-10.3%. The influences of the intersecting angle on the normalized flow rate that represents the ratio of the flow rate in a segment to the total flow rate, Ra, and the ratio of the hydraulic aperture to the mechanical aperture, e/E, are negligible when J 10-2. Based on the regression analysis on simulation results, a mathematical expression was proposed to quantify e/E, involving variables of J and Rr, where Rr is the radius of truncating circles centered at an intersection. For E/Rr > 10-2, e/E varies significantly and the scale of model has large impacts on the nonlinear flow behavior through intersections, while for E/Rr < 10-3, the scale effect is negligibly small. Finally, a necessary condition to apply the cubic law to fluid flow through fracture intersections is suggested as J < 10-3, E/Rr < 10-3, and Z2 = 0.
Gendered Violence, Intersectionalities and Resisting Gender Neutrality
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Julie Stubbs
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Developments in feminist theory and research towards a more complex approach to gender relations and a more differentiated understanding of gendered violence have been positive but also have been the subject of significant debate. Some debates have long histories, while others mark more newly emergent concerns. In this paper I reflect on three areas of debate: intersectionality, complex gendering and complex inequalities; differentiating between forms of gendered violence (with a focus on intimate partner violence (IPV, and criminalisation. In each of these areas, feminist frameworks and knowledge concerning gendered violence have been challenged and the resurgence of gender neutral accounts has been notable. I argue that keeping a structural analysis to the fore provides the best way forward for constructive debate in the field aligned with feminist aspirations for the achievement of substantive equality. El desarrollo de la teoría feminista y la investigación hacia un enfoque más complejo de las relaciones de género y una comprensión más diferenciada de la violencia de género ha sido positivo, pero también ha sido objeto de un importante debate. Algunos debates tienen una larga historia, mientras que otros marcan preocupaciones emergentes surgidas en los últimos tiempos. En este trabajo se reflexiona sobre tres áreas de debate: interseccionalidad, configuración de géneros compleja y desigualdades complejas; diferenciación entre formas de violencia de género (fijándose en la violencia de pareja (VP; y la criminalización. En cada una de estas áreas, se han cuestionado los marcos feministas y el conocimiento relativo a la violencia de género, y ha sido notable el resurgimiento de cuentas de género neutro. Se defiende que fomentar un análisis estructural ofrece la mejor forma de fomentar un debate constructivo en el campo alineado con las aspiraciones feministas para el logro de una igualdad sustantiva. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘广萍; 丁建梅
2004-01-01
Vehicle delay is an important measure to evaluate the signal timings of signalized intersections.When optimization the signal control parameters, delays of vehicles from all approach directions of an intersection should be considered. Based on the analysis of the vehicle delay on an approach of intersection, directed against the typical condition of a congested intersection-over-saturated condition, the paper has analyzed and inferred the intersection delay dynamic formulation, and has established the relation between intersection delay,the signal timings, vehicle arrival rate and the queue lengths, and that provides useful information for understanding vehicle delay of signalized intersection and for establishing performance index function of signal timing optimization.
Exploring the promises of intersectionality for advancing women's health research
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Clark Natalie
2010-02-01
Full Text Available Abstract Women's health research strives to make change. It seeks to produce knowledge that promotes action on the variety of factors that affect women's lives and their health. As part of this general movement, important strides have been made to raise awareness of the health effects of sex and gender. The resultant base of knowledge has been used to inform health research, policy, and practice. Increasingly, however, the need to pay better attention to the inequities among women that are caused by racism, colonialism, ethnocentrism, heterosexism, and able-bodism, is confronting feminist health researchers and activists. Researchers are seeking new conceptual frameworks that can transform the design of research to produce knowledge that captures how systems of discrimination or subordination overlap and "articulate" with one another. An emerging paradigm for women's health research is intersectionality. Intersectionality places an explicit focus on differences among groups and seeks to illuminate various interacting social factors that affect human lives, including social locations, health status, and quality of life. This paper will draw on recently emerging intersectionality research in the Canadian women's health context in order to explore the promises and practical challenges of the processes involved in applying an intersectionality paradigm. We begin with a brief overview of why the need for an intersectionality approach has emerged within the context of women's health research and introduce current thinking about how intersectionality can inform and transform health research more broadly. We then highlight novel Canadian research that is grappling with the challenges in addressing issues of difference and diversity. In the analysis of these examples, we focus on a largely uninvestigated aspect of intersectionality research - the challenges involved in the process of initiating and developing such projects and, in particular, the meaning
PowerSet: A Comprehensive Visualization of Set Intersections.
Alsallakh, Bilal; Ren, Liu
2017-01-01
When analyzing a large amount of data, analysts often define groups over data elements that share certain properties. Using these groups as the unit of analysis not only reduces the data volume, but also allows detecting various patterns in the data. This involves analyzing intersection relations between these groups, and how the element attributes vary between these intersections. This kind of set-based analysis has various applications in a variety of domains, due to the generic and powerful notion of sets. However, visualizing intersections relations is challenging because their number grows exponentially with the number of sets. We present a novel technique based on Treemaps to provide a comprehensive overview of non-empty intersections in a set system in a scalable way. It enables gaining insight about how elements are distributed across these intersections as well as performing fine-grained analysis to explore and compare their attributes both in overview and in detail. Interaction allows querying and filtering these elements based on their set memberships. We demonstrate how our technique supports various use cases in data exploration and analysis by providing insights into set-based data, beyond the limits of state-of-the-art techniques.
Mitigating gas emissions at signalised intersections using wireless vehicle detectors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Moses Kwasi Torkudzor
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Traffic congestion on roads wastes travel times and increases fuel consumption as well as gas emissions which are dangerous to human health. This has led to growing concern about environmental protection and energy conservation and a number of studies to increase fuel economy and reduce gas emissions. To increase travel times so as to reduce fuel consumption and gas emissions, traffic signals at intersections must be well implemented. It is therefore necessary to employ the current technology of wireless sensor networks to enhance the optimisation of the signalised intersections so as to address such a concern. In this study, a vehicular traffic control model was developed to optimise a signalised intersection, using wireless vehicle detectors. Real-time traffic volume gathered were analysed to obtain the peak hour traffic volume causing congestion. The intersection was modelled and simulated in Synchro7 as an actuated signalised model using results from the analysed data. The model for morning peak and evening peak periods gave optimal cycle lengths which result in the reduction of gas emissions, fuel consumption and delay at the intersection.
MATLAB Simulation of Fuzzy Traffic Controller for Multilane Isolated Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Azura Che Soh/Lai Guan Rhung
2010-07-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a MATLAB simulation of fuzzy traffic controller for controlling traffic flow at multilane isolated signalized intersection. The controller is developed based on the waiting time and vehicles queue length at current green phase, and vehicles queue lengths at the other phases. For control strategy, the controllercontrols the traffic light timings and phase sequence to ensure smooth flow of traffic with minimal waiting time, queue length and delay time. In this research, the isolated intersection model used consists of two lanes in each approach. Each approach has two different values of vehicles queue length and waiting time, respectively, at the intersection. The maximum values of vehicles queue length and waiting times are selected as the inputs to controller for optimized control of traffic flows at the intersection. A traffic model and fuzzy traffic controller are developed to evaluate the performance of traffic controllers underdifferent conditions. In the end, by comparing the experimental result obtained by the vehicle-actuated controller (VAC and fuzzy traffic controller (FTC which improves significant performance for intersections, we confirmed the efficiency of our intelligent controller based fuzzy inference system.
Numerical simulations of Mach stem formation via intersecting bow shocks
Hansen, E. C.; Frank, A.; Hartigan, P.; Yirak, K.
2015-12-01
Hubble Space Telescope observations show bright knots of Hα emission within outflowing young stellar jets. Velocity variations in the flow create secondary bow shocks that may intersect and lead to enhanced emission. When the bow shocks intersect at or above a certain critical angle, a planar shock called a Mach stem is formed. These shocks could produce brighter Hα emission since the incoming flow to the Mach stem is parallel to the shock normal. In this paper we report first results of a study using 2-D numerical simulations designed to explore Mach stem formation at the intersection of bow shocks formed by hypersonic "bullets" or "clumps". Our 2-D simulations show how the bow shock shapes and intersection angles change as the adiabatic index γ changes. We show that the formation or lack of a Mach stem in our simulations is consistent with the steady-state Mach stem formation theory. Our ultimate goal, which is part of an ongoing research effort, is to characterize the physical and observational consequences of bow shock intersections including the formation of Mach stems.
Modeling Driver Behavior near Intersections in Hidden Markov Model.
Li, Juan; He, Qinglian; Zhou, Hang; Guan, Yunlin; Dai, Wei
2016-12-21
Intersections are one of the major locations where safety is a big concern to drivers. Inappropriate driver behaviors in response to frequent changes when approaching intersections often lead to intersection-related crashes or collisions. Thus to better understand driver behaviors at intersections, especially in the dilemma zone, a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) is utilized in this study. With the discrete data processing, the observed dynamic data of vehicles are used for the inference of the Hidden Markov Model. The Baum-Welch (B-W) estimation algorithm is applied to calculate the vehicle state transition probability matrix and the observation probability matrix. When combined with the Forward algorithm, the most likely state of the driver can be obtained. Thus the model can be used to measure the stability and risk of driver behavior. It is found that drivers' behaviors in the dilemma zone are of lower stability and higher risk compared with those in other regions around intersections. In addition to the B-W estimation algorithm, the Viterbi Algorithm is utilized to predict the potential dangers of vehicles. The results can be applied to driving assistance systems to warn drivers to avoid possible accidents.
Recombination of Intersecting D-Branes and Cosmological Inflation
Gómez-Reino, Marta
2002-01-01
We consider the interactions between Dp-branes intersecting at an arbitrary number of angles in the context of type II string theory. For cosmology purposes we concentrate in the theory on R^{3,1} x T^6. Interpreting the distance between the branes as the inflaton field, the branes can intersect at most at two angles in the compact space. If the configuration is non-supersymmetric we will have an interbrane potential that provides an effective cosmological inflationary epoch at the four dimensional intersection between the branes. The end of inflation occurs when the interbrane distance becomes small compared with the string scale, where a tachyon develops triggering the recombination of the branes. We study this recombination due to tachyon instabilities and we find the possibility for the final configuration to be again branes intersecting at two angles. This preserves the interesting features that are present in the intersecting brane models from the string model building point of view also after the end o...
Human sperm cells swimming in micro-channels
Denissenko, Petr; Smith, David; Kirkman-Brown, Jackson
2012-01-01
The migratory abilities of motile human spermatozoa in vivo are essential for natural fertility, but it remains a mystery what properties distinguish the tens of cells which find an egg from the millions of cells ejaculated. To reach the site of fertilization, sperm must traverse narrow and convoluted channels, filled with viscous fluids. To elucidate individual and group behaviors that may occur in the complex three-dimensional female tract environment, we examine the behavior of migrating sperm in assorted micro-channel geometries. Cells rarely swim in the central part of the channel cross-section, instead traveling along the intersection of the channel walls (`channel corners'). When the channel turns sharply, cells leave the corner, continuing ahead until hitting the opposite wall of the channel, with a distribution of departure angles, the latter being modulated by fluid viscosity. If the channel bend is smooth, cells depart from the inner wall when the curvature radius is less than a threshold value clo...
Optimal Locations of Bus Stops Connecting Subways near Urban Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuan Cui
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Unsuitable locations of bus stops which provide feeder transportation connecting subways near urban intersections usually lead to the low efficiency of public transport and level of passenger service. A multiobjective optimization model to distribute such stop locations is proposed to attain the shortest total walk distance of passengers and minimum delay time of cars through intersections and travel time of buses. The Pareto frontier and optimal solutions for the proposed model are given by the distance-based and enumerative methods. The Xizhimen bus stop is selected to implement case studies for verifying the validity of the proposed model. The analysis of sensitivity on possible solutions is also carried out in the case studies. The results show that the proposed model is capable of optimizing the locations of bus stops connecting subways near intersections and helpful to improve the level of passengers service and operational efficiency of public transportation.
Tools for analyzing intersecting tracks: The x2sys package
Wessel, Paul
2010-03-01
I present a new set of tools for detection of intersections among tracks in 2-D Cartesian or geographic coordinates. These tools allow for evaluation of crossover errors at intersections, analysis of such crossover errors to determine appropriate linear models of systematic corrections for each track, and application of these corrections and further adjustments to data that completely eliminates crossover discrepancies from final 2-D data compilations. Unlike my older x_system tools, the new x2sys tools implement modern algorithms for detecting track intersections and are capable of reading a wide range of data file formats, including data files following the netCDF COARDS convention. The x2sys package contains several programs that address the various tasks needed to undertake a comprehensive crossover analysis and is distributed as a supplement to the Generic Mapping Tools, making them available for all computer platforms and architectures.
Research on Driver Behavior in Yellow Interval at Signalized Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhaosheng Yang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Vehicles are often caught in dilemma zone when they approach signalized intersections in yellow interval. The existence of dilemma zone which is significantly influenced by driver behavior seriously affects the efficiency and safety of intersections. This paper proposes the driver behavior models in yellow interval by logistic regression and fuzzy decision tree modeling, respectively, based on camera image data. Vehicle’s speed and distance to stop line are considered in logistic regression model, which also brings in a dummy variable to describe installation of countdown timer display. Fuzzy decision tree model is generated by FID3 algorithm whose heuristic information is fuzzy information entropy based on membership functions. This paper concludes that fuzzy decision tree is more accurate to describe driver behavior at signalized intersection than logistic regression model.
On the intersections of Fibonacci, Pell, and Lucas numbers
Alekseyev, Max A
2010-01-01
We describe how to compute the intersection of two Lucas sequences of the forms $\\{U_n(P,\\pm 1) \\}_{n=0}^{\\infty}$ or $\\{V_n(P,\\pm 1) \\}_{n=0}^{\\infty}$ with $P\\in\\mathbb{Z}$ that includes sequences of Fibonacci, Pell, Lucas, and Lucas-Pell numbers. We prove that such an intersection is finite except for the case $U_n(1,-1)$ and $U_n(3,1)$ and the case of two $V$-sequences when the product of their discriminants is a perfect square. Moreover, the intersection in these cases also forms a Lucas sequence. Our approach relies on solving homogeneous quadratic Diophantine equations and Thue equations. In particular, we prove that 0, 1, 2, and 5 are the only numbers that are both Fibonacci and Pell, and list similar results for many other pairs of Lucas sequences. We further extend our results to Lucas sequences with arbitrary initial terms.
Self-organizing traffic lights at multiple-street intersections
Gershenson, Carlos
2011-01-01
Summary: Traffic light coordination is a complex problem. In this paper, we extend previous work on an abstract model of city traffic to allow for multiple street intersections. We test a self-organizing method in our model, showing that it is close to theoretical optima and superior to a traditional method of traffic light coordination. Abstract: The elementary cellular automaton following rule 184 can mimic particles flowing in one direction at a constant speed. This automaton can therefore model highway traffic. In a recent paper, we have incorporated intersections regulated by traffic lights to this model using exclusively elementary cellular automata. In such a paper, however, we only explored a rectangular grid. We now extend our model to more complex scenarios employing an hexagonal grid. This extension shows first that our model can readily incorporate multiple-way intersections and hence simulate complex scenarios. In addition, the current extension allows us to study and evaluate the behavior of two...
Beyond dichotomies: Gender and intersecting inequalities in climate change studies.
Djoudi, Houria; Locatelli, Bruno; Vaast, Chloe; Asher, Kiran; Brockhaus, Maria; Basnett Sijapati, Bimbika
2016-12-01
Climate change and related adaptation strategies have gender-differentiated impacts. This paper reviews how gender is framed in 41 papers on climate change adaptation through an intersectionality lens. The main findings show that while intersectional analysis has demonstrated many advantages for a comprehensive study of gender, it has not yet entered the field of climate change and gender. In climate change studies, gender is mostly handled in a men-versus-women dichotomy and little or no attention has been paid to power and social and political relations. These gaps which are echoed in other domains of development and gender research depict a 'feminization of vulnerability' and reinforce a 'victimization' discourse within climate change studies. We argue that a critical intersectional assessment would contribute to unveil agency and emancipatory pathways in the adaptation process by providing a better understanding of how the differential impacts of climate change shape, and are shaped by, the complex power dynamics of existing social and political relations.
Teleparallel loop quantum cosmology in a system of intersecting branes
Sepehri, Alireza; Pradhan, Anirudh; Beesham, Aroonkumar; de Haro, Jaume
2016-09-01
Recently, some authors have removed the big bang singularity in teleparallel Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and have shown that the universe may undergo a number of oscillations. We investigate the origin of this type of teleparallel theory in a system of intersecting branes in M-theory in which the angle between them changes with time. This system is constructed by two intersecting anti-D8-branes, one compacted D4-brane and a D3-brane. These branes are built by joining M0-branes which develop in decaying fundamental strings. The compacted D4-brane is located between two intersecting anti-D8 branes and glues to one of them. Our universe is located on the D3 brane which wraps around the D4 brane from one end and sticks to one of the anti-D8 branes from the other one. In this system, there are three types of fields, corresponding to compacted D4 branes, intersecting branes and D3-branes. These fields interact with each other and make the angle between branes oscillate. By decreasing this angle, the intersecting anti-D8 branes approach each other, the D4 brane rolls, the D3 brane wraps around the D4 brane, and the universe contracts. By separating the intersecting branes and increasing the angle, the D4 brane rolls in the opposite direction, the D3 brane separates from it and the expansion branch begins. Also, the interaction between branes in this system gives us the exact form of the relevant Lagrangian for teleparallel LQC.
Teleparallel loop quantum cosmology in a system of intersecting branes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alireza Sepehri
2016-09-01
Full Text Available Recently, some authors have removed the big bang singularity in teleparallel Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC and have shown that the universe may undergo a number of oscillations. We investigate the origin of this type of teleparallel theory in a system of intersecting branes in M-theory in which the angle between them changes with time. This system is constructed by two intersecting anti-D8-branes, one compacted D4-brane and a D3-brane. These branes are built by joining M0-branes which develop in decaying fundamental strings. The compacted D4-brane is located between two intersecting anti-D8 branes and glues to one of them. Our universe is located on the D3 brane which wraps around the D4 brane from one end and sticks to one of the anti-D8 branes from the other one. In this system, there are three types of fields, corresponding to compacted D4 branes, intersecting branes and D3-branes. These fields interact with each other and make the angle between branes oscillate. By decreasing this angle, the intersecting anti-D8 branes approach each other, the D4 brane rolls, the D3 brane wraps around the D4 brane, and the universe contracts. By separating the intersecting branes and increasing the angle, the D4 brane rolls in the opposite direction, the D3 brane separates from it and the expansion branch begins. Also, the interaction between branes in this system gives us the exact form of the relevant Lagrangian for teleparallel LQC.
New Approach to Measuring Traffic Queue at Intersections
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SONG Lei; SHI Zhong-ke
2008-01-01
To measure the length of traffic queue, a vehicle motion model at intersections was built, and based on it the effective traffic queue was defined. Color images segmentation and frame differencing technique were used to detect the foreground and the moving vehicles by detecting regions of the images, and then measure the length of effective traffic queue. By processing the image sequence acquired at certain intersection, the results prove that it is able to work out the traffic queue effectively by using the two techniques.
Third Wave Feminism's Unhappy Marriage of Poststructuralism and Intersectionality Theory
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Susan Archer Mann
2013-06-01
Full Text Available This article first traces the history of unhappy marriages of disparate theoretical perspectives in US feminism. In recent decades, US third-wave authors have arranged their own unhappy marriage in that their major publications reflect an attempt to wed poststructuralism with intersectionality theory. Although the standpoint epistemology of intersectionality theory shares some common ground with the epistemology of poststructuralism, their epistemological assumptions conflict on a number of important dimensions. This contested terrain has generated serious debates within the third wave and between second- and thirdwave feminists. The form, content, and political implications of their "unhappy marriage" are the subject of this article.
Viewing equitable practices through the lens of intersecting identities
Lyons, Renée; Dsouza, Nikeetha; Quigley, Cassie
2016-12-01
This review explores Archer, Dawson, Seakins, and Wong's "Disorienting, fun or meaningful? Disadvantaged families' experiences of a science museum visit" by examining the analytic frameworks guiding this study. To expand on Archer et al.'s use of feminist post-structuralist theories of identity we draw from the theory of intersectionality to provide a more robust framework for analyzing barriers to engagement within an informal learning space. Our response to this work ends by exploring the types of solutions generated from an intersectionality framework—solutions aimed at transforming institutional programs and practices to create more equitable spaces for learning.
Viewing equitable practices through the lens of intersecting identities
Lyons, Renée; Dsouza, Nikeetha; Quigley, Cassie
2016-04-01
This review explores Archer, Dawson, Seakins, and Wong's "Disorienting, fun or meaningful? Disadvantaged families' experiences of a science museum visit" by examining the analytic frameworks guiding this study. To expand on Archer et al.'s use of feminist post-structuralist theories of identity we draw from the theory of intersectionality to provide a more robust framework for analyzing barriers to engagement within an informal learning space. Our response to this work ends by exploring the types of solutions generated from an intersectionality framework—solutions aimed at transforming institutional programs and practices to create more equitable spaces for learning.
INTERACTION OF LIQUID FLAT SCREENS WITH GAS FLOW RESTRICTED BY CHANNEL WALLS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. T. Aksentiev
2005-01-01
Full Text Available The paper gives description of physical pattern of liquid screen interaction that are injected from the internal walls of a rectangular channel with gas flow. Criterion dependences for determination of intersection coordinates of external boundaries with longitudinal channel axis and factor of liquid screen head resistance.
One-loop adjoint masses for non-supersymmetric intersecting branes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anastasopoulos, P. [Technische Univ., Vienna (Austria). 1. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Antoniadis, I. [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Benakli, K. [CNRS, UPMC Univ. Paris (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique et Haute Energies; Goodsell, M.D. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Vichi, A. [Institute de Theorie des Phenomenes Physiques, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)
2011-05-15
We consider breaking of supersymmetry in intersecting D-brane configurations by slight deviation of the angles from their supersymmetric values. We compute the masses generated by radiative corrections for the adjoint scalars on the brane world-volumes. In the open string channel, the string two-point function receives contributions only from the infrared and the ultraviolet limits. The latter is due to tree-level closed string uncanceled NS-NS tadpoles, which we explicitly reproduce from the effective Born-Infeld action. On the other hand, the infrared region reproduces the one-loop mediation of supersymmetry breaking in the effective gauge theory, via messengers and their Kaluza-Klein excitations. In the toroidal set-up considered here, it receives contributions only from N {approx} 4 and N {approx} 2 supersymmetric configurations, and thus always leads at leading order to a tachyonic direction, in agreement with effective field theory expectations. (orig.)
Intersections of Loops and the Andersen-Mattes-Reshetikhin Algebra
Cahn, Patricia
2011-01-01
Given two free homotopy classes $\\alpha_1, \\alpha_2$ of loops on an oriented surface, it is natural to ask how to compute the minimum number of intersection points $m(\\alpha_1, \\alpha_2)$ of loops in these two classes. We show that for $\\alpha_1\
Leaf-wise intersections and Rabinowitz Floer homology
Albers, Peter
2008-01-01
In this article we explain how critical points of a perturbed Rabinowitz action functional give rise to leaf-wise intersection points in hypersurfaces of restricted contact type. This is used to derive existence results for hypersurfaces in general exact symplectic manifolds.
Traffic noise and vehicle movement at a controlled intersection
Salomons, E.M.
2014-01-01
Traffic noise at an intersection controlled by traffic lights shows noise level variations due to the alternating green and red lights for the different trafficstreams. Noise peaks caused by automobiles pulling up or passing by at highspeed may be quite annoying for people living near the intersecti
On the Newton filtration for functions on complete intersections
Hamm, Helmut A
2011-01-01
W.Ebeling and S.M.Gusein-Zade have started to look at multi-index Newton filtrations for hypersurface singularities. In this paper we pass to complete intersections. One motivation is the possibility to compare with the "classical" Newton filtration introduced by A.G.Kushnirenko in connection with the Milnor number.
Teleparallel loop quantum cosmology in a system of intersecting branes
Sepehri, Alireza; Beesham, A; de Haro, Jaume
2016-01-01
Recently, some authors have removed the big bang singularity in teleparallel Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and have shown that the universe may undergo a number of oscillations. We investigate the origin of this type of teleparallel theory in a system of intersecting branes in M-theory in which the angle between them changes with time. This system is constructed by two intersecting anti-D8-branes, one compacted D4-brane and the other a D3-brane. These branes are built by joining M0-branes which develop in decaying fundamental strings. The compacted D4-brane is located between two intersecting anti-D8 branes and glues to one of them. Our universe is located on the D3 brane which wraps the D4 brane from one end and sticks to one of the anti-D8 branes from another one. In this system, there are three types of ?elds, corresponding to compacted D4 branes, intersecting branes and D3-branes. These ?elds interact with each other and make the angle between branes oscillate. By decreasing this angle and approaching the ...
Becoming Black Women: Intimate Stories and Intersectional Identities
Wilkins, Amy C.
2012-01-01
In this article, I argue that intimate stories are an important resource for the achievement of intersectional identities. Drawing on in-depth interviews with black college students at two predominantly white universities, I examine the stories black college women tell about interracial relationships between black men and white women. I argue that…
Disciplinarity and Methodology in Intersectionality Theory and Research
Syed, Moin
2010-01-01
Comments on the original article, "Intersectionality and research in psychology," by E. R. Cole. Cole's article, says the current author, makes a welcome and valuable contribution to the field of psychology. Particularly useful are the three questions that she posed, highlighting how these questions are relevant and pressing for all researchers,…
Threshold Functions in Random s-Intersection Graphs
Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil
2015-01-01
Random $s$-intersection graphs have recently received considerable attention in a wide range of application areas. In such a graph, each vertex is equipped with a set of items in some random manner, and any two vertices establish an undirected edge in between if and only if they have at least $s$ common items. In particular, in a uniform random $s$-intersection graph, each vertex independently selects a fixed number of items uniformly at random from a common item pool, while in a binomial random $s$-intersection graph, each item in some item pool is independently attached to each vertex with the same probability. For binomial/uniform random $s$-intersection graphs, we establish threshold functions for perfect matching containment, Hamilton cycle containment, and $k$-robustness, where $k$-robustness is in the sense of Zhang and Sundaram [IEEE Conf. on Decision & Control '12]. We show that these threshold functions resemble those of classical Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'{e}nyi graphs, where each pair of vertices has an un...
MULTIAGENT PLANNING OF INTERSECTION PASSAGE BY AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES
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I. A. Zikratov
2016-09-01
Full Text Available We propose a traffic management system for autonomous vehicles that are agents at the intersection. In contrast to the known solutions based on the usage of semiautonomous control systems in assembly with the control unit, this algorithm is based on the principles of decentralized multiagent control. The best travel plan for intersection passage is produced by means of optimization methods jointly by all agents belonging to a dynamic collaboration of autonomous vehicles. The order of road intersection optimal for a given criterion is determined by the agents in the process of information exchange about themselves and environment. Our experiments show that this protocol can reduce significantly the traffic density as compared to the traditional systems of traffic management. Moreover, the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm increases with increasing density of road traffic. In addition, the absence of the critical object, that is the control unit, in the control system, reduces significantly the effectiveness of possible failures and hacker attacks on the intersection control system.
Response to Mary J. Reichling, "Intersections: Form, Feeling, and Isomorphism"
Sinclair, Anne
2004-01-01
In her response to Mary Reichling's article "Intersections: Form, Feeling, and Isomorphism, Anne Sinclair believes that the exploration of form, feeling, and isomorphism in the writings of Susanne Langer accomplishes its goal to examine and elucidate aspects of these concepts. Sinclair finds several of the ideas presented very engaging. Musical…
INTERSECTION OF PRIME SUBMODULES AND DIMENSION OF MODULES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
A. Azizi
2005-01-01
The aim of this paper is to study the conditions by which a P-prime submodule can be expressed as a finite intersection or union of P-prime submodules. Also corresponding to dimension and rank of modules, some equivalent conditions for a ring to be a Dedekind domain are given.
Intersectional Identity Negotiation: The Case of Young Immigrant Children
Compton-Lilly, Catherine; Papoi, Kristin; Venegas, Patricia; Hamman, Laura; Schwabenbauer, Briana
2017-01-01
We cast our lens on intersectional networks of identity negotiated by young children in immigrant families. Although some scholars discuss identity construction, we reference identity negotiation to capture the active, strategic, and agential work that we witnessed in our study. We begin by synthesizing relevant research on children's identity…
Intersecting Scapes and New Millennium Identities in Language Learning
Higgins, Christina
2015-01-01
This paper examines how flows of people, media, money, technology, and ideologies move through the world, with attention to how these scapes (Appadurai 1990, 1996, 2013) shape identity construction among language learners, both in and out of classrooms. After illustrating intersecting scapes in sociolinguistic terms, I explore the relevance of…
Conclusion: The Intersection of Student Voice and Policy Research
Mitra, Dana L.
2015-01-01
This concluding chapter examines how this book on student voice intersects with previous research about policy, especially policy implementation and sustainability. Mapping onto the themes of this volume, Discovering, Developing, and Demonstrating the power of student voice, I focus on three issues--legitimizing the role of young people in the…
Exploring Driver Injury Severity at Intersection: An Ordered Probit Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yaping Zhang
2015-02-01
Full Text Available It is well known that intersections are the most hazardous locations; however, only little is known about driver injury severity in intersection crashes. Hence, the main goal of this study was to further examine the different factors contributing to driver injury severity involved in fatal crashes at intersections. Data used for the present analysis was from the US DOT-Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS crash database from the year 2011. An ordered probit model was employed to fit the fatal crash data and analyze the factors impacting each injury severity level. The analysis results displayed that driver injury severity is significantly affected by many factors. They include driver age and gender, driver ethnicity, vehicle type and age (years of use, crash type, driving drunk, speeding, violating stop sign, cognitively distracted driving, and seat belt usage. These findings from the current study are beneficial to form a solid basis for adopting corresponding measures to effectively drop injury severity suffering from intersection crash. More insights into the effects of risk factors on driver injury severity could be acquired using more advanced statistical models.
Acoustic analysis of a semi-anechoic chamber with intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. Nassiri
2014-05-01
.Conclusion: According to the results, it can be concluded that the suggested intersection layout of rectangular fibrous absorbents can be used as a reliable method in order to reduce the reverberation time and to gain lower cut-off frequency for construct a semi anechoic chamber with the high efficiency.
Simulation of Traffic on Intersection After Change of Traffic Priority
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vladislav KŘIVDA
2011-06-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with problem of capacity calculation of intersection after change of traffic priority and with simulation of traffic using simulation software PTV VISSIM. This paper was prepared with financial support for project FRVŠ č. 2206/2011/F1/d “Innovation of Learning of Subjects from the Design of Urban Roads and Intersections”.
Numerical Simulations of Mach Stem Formation via Intersecting Bow Shocks
Hansen, Edward C; Hartigan, Patrick
2014-01-01
Hubble Space Telescope observations show bright knots of H$\\alpha$ emission within outflowing young stellar jets. Velocity variations in the flow create secondary bow shocks that may intersect and lead to enhanced emission. When the bow shocks intersect at or above a certain critical angle, a planar shock called a Mach stem is formed. These shocks could produce brighter H$\\alpha$ emission since the incoming flow to the Mach stem is parallel to the shock normal. In this paper we report first results of a study using 2-D numerical simulations designed to explore Mach stem formation at the intersection of bow shocks formed by hypersonic "bullets" or "clumps". Our 2-D simulations show how the bow shock shapes and intersection angles change as the adiabatic index $\\gamma$ changes. We show that the formation or lack of a Mach stem in our simulations is consistent with the steady-state Mach stem formation theory. Our ultimate goal, which is part of an ongoing research effort, is to characterize the physical and obse...
Safety performance models for urban intersections in Brazil.
Barbosa, Heloisa; Cunto, Flávio; Bezerra, Bárbara; Nodari, Christine; Jacques, Maria Alice
2014-09-01
This paper presents a modeling effort for developing safety performance models (SPM) for urban intersections for three major Brazilian cities. The proposed methodology for calibrating SPM has been divided into the following steps: defining the safety study objective, choosing predictive variables and sample size, data acquisition, defining model expression and model parameters and model evaluation. Among the predictive variables explored in the calibration phase were exposure variables (AADT), number of lanes, number of approaches and central median status. SPMs were obtained for three cities: Fortaleza, Belo Horizonte and Brasília. The SPM developed for signalized intersections in Fortaleza and Belo Horizonte had the same structure and the most significant independent variables, which were AADT entering the intersection and number of lanes, and in addition, the coefficient of the best models were in the same range of values. For Brasília, because of the sample size, the signalized and unsignalized intersections were grouped, and the AADT was split in minor and major approaches, which were the most significant variables. This paper also evaluated SPM transferability to other jurisdiction. The SPM for signalized intersections from Fortaleza and Belo Horizonte have been recalibrated (in terms of the Cx) to the city of Porto Alegre. The models were adjusted following the Highway Safety Manual (HSM) calibration procedure and yielded Cx of 0.65 and 2.06 for Fortaleza and Belo Horizonte SPM respectively. This paper showed the experience and future challenges toward the initiatives on development of SPMs in Brazil, that can serve as a guide for other countries that are in the same stage in this subject.
EnviroAtlas - Memphis, TN - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Cleveland, OH - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Fresno, CA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Green Bay, WI - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Tampa, FL - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Portland, ME - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Paterson, NJ - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - New Bedford, MA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Pittsburgh, PA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - New York, NY - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Des Moines, IA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Austin, TX - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Woodbine, IA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Milwaukee, WI - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Portland, OR - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Durham, NC - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Phoenix, AZ - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
Quantitative Intersectionality: A Critical Race Analysis of the Chicana/o Educational Pipeline
Covarrubias, Alejandro
2011-01-01
Utilizing the critical race framework of intersectionality, this research reexamines the Chicana/o educational pipeline through a quantitative intersectional analysis. This approach disaggregates data along the intersection of race, class, gender, and citizenship status to provide a detailed portrait of the educational trajectory of Mexican-origin…
Wu, Xian-Fang; Zheng, Xuming; Wang, Hui-Gang; Zhao, Yan-Yin; Guan, Xiangguo; Phillips, David Lee; Chen, Xuebo; Fang, Weihai
2010-10-07
Resonance Raman spectra were acquired for thiophene in cyclohexane solution with 239.5 and 266 nm excitation wavelengths that were in resonance with ∼240 nm first intense absorption band. The spectra indicate that the Franck-Condon region photodissociation dynamics have multidimensional character with motion mostly along the reaction coordinates of six totally symmetry modes and three nontotally symmetry modes. The appearance of the nontotally symmetry modes, the C-S antisymmetry stretch +C-C=C bend mode ν(21)(B(2)) at 754 cm(-1) and the H(7)C(3)-C(4)H(8) twist ν(9)(A(2)) at 906 cm(-1), suggests the existence of two different types of vibronic-couplings or curve-crossings among the excited states in the Franck-Condon region. The electronic transition energies, the excited state structures, and the conical intersection points (1)B(1)/(1)A(1) and (1)B(2)/(1)A(1) between 2 (1)A(1) and 1 (1)B(2) or 1 (1)B(1) potential energy surfaces of thiophene were determined by using complete active space self-consistent field theory computations. These computational results were correlated with the Franck-Condon region structural dynamics of thiophene. The ring opening photodissociation reaction pathway through cleavage of one of the C-S bonds and via the conical intersection point (1)B(1)/(1)A(1) was revealed to be the predominant ultrafast reaction channel for thiophene in the lowest singlet excited state potential energy hypersurface, while the internal conversion pathway via the conical intersection point (1)B(2)/(1)A(1) was found to be the minor decay channel in the lowest singlet excited state potential energy hypersurface.
SOFTWARE FOR SYNTHESIS OF COMPLIANT MECHANISMS WITHOUT INTERSECTING ELEMENTS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrija P. Milojević
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A compliant mechanism is defined as a single piece structure that transfer motion or force through elastic deformation. The synthesis of this kind of mechanisms represents a challenging task, especially because their flexible segments usually must undergo large, nonlinear deflections which include difficult nonlinear analysis. In this paper the new software for synthesis of compliant mechanisms is developed. The software uses an improved topology optimization technique that is especially useful when the designer does not have a particular compliant mechanism already in mind. Intersection between elements in the compliant mechanisms obtained by using existing topology optimization technique often increases stiffness of the structure which need to be flexible. The topology optimization technique is improved in the software so that compliant mechanisms without intersecting elements are obtained. The methodology that software uses and its capability will be shown on the examples of synthesis of the compliant gripper and the compliant displacement inverter.
Infiuence of Bicycle Traffic on Capacity of Typical Signalized Intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Xiaoming; SHAO Chunfu; YUE Hao
2007-01-01
Bicycle traffic has a significant effect on the capacity of signalized intersections. This paper divides the influence of bicyclists on vehicular flow into four types with the time durations estimated based on probability, shock wave, and gap acceptance theory. Vehicular saturation flow rate is predicted for various conditions on the basis of the speed-flow curve for the capacity of typical intersections influenced by bicycle traffic.The model overcomes the limitations of the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM, 2000) method for left-turns due to data collection, and takes into account the effect of trapped bicycles on the through vehicular traffic.The numerical results show that the left-turn and through capacities predicted by the model are lower than those of the HCM method. The right-turn capacity is close to that of the HCM method at Iow bicycle volumes and higher than that of the HCM method at high bicycle volumes.
The Standard Model from Stable Intersecting Brane World Orbifolds
Blumenhagen, R; Lüst, Dieter; Ott, T; Blumenhagen, Ralph; Kors, Boris; Lust, Dieter; Ott, Tassilo
2001-01-01
We analyze the perturbative stability of non-supersymmetric intersecting brane world models on tori. Besides the dilaton tadpole, a dynamical instability in the complex structure moduli space occurs at string disc level, which drives the background geometry to a degenerate limit. We show that in certain orbifold models this latter instability is absent as the relevant moduli are frozen. We construct explicit examples of such orbifold intersecting brane world models and discuss the phenomenological implications of a three generation Standard Model which descends naturally from an SU(5) GUT theory. It turns out that various phenomenological issues require the string scale to be at least of the order of the GUT scale. As a major difference compared to the Standard Model, some of the Yukawa couplings are excluded so that the standard electroweak Higgs mechanism with a fundamental Higgs scalar is not realized in this set-up.
Thermodynamics of Intersecting Black Branes from Interacting Elementary Branes
Morita, Takeshi
2015-01-01
If an Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton system admits the extreme brane solution in which no force works between the parallel branes, the collective motion of nearly parallel branes exhibits the thermodynamical properties which are coincident with those of the corresponding black branes at low energy regime (up to unfixed numerical factors). Hence it may provide the microscopic description of the black branes ($p$-soup proposal). This fact motivates us to test this proposal in the intersecting black branes which have multiple brane charges and/or momentum along the brane direction. We consider the case that the multiple branes satisfy the intersection rule and feel no force when they are static, and find the agreement to the black hole thermodynamics.
Intersections of S-branes with waves and monopoles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Besken, Mert, E-mail: mbesken@physics.ucla.edu [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Deger, Nihat Sadik, E-mail: sadik.deger@boun.edu.tr [Dept. of Mathematics, Bogazici University, Bebek, 34342 Istanbul (Turkey)
2015-05-15
We construct intersections of S-branes with waves and Kaluza–Klein monopoles. There are several possible ways to add a monopole to an S-brane solution similar to p-branes. On the other hand, one may add a wave only to the transverse space of an S-brane unlike a p-brane where wave resides on its worldvolume. The metric function of the wave is a harmonic function of the remaining transverse directions and an extra condition on integration constants is needed. We also show that it is not possible to add an S-brane to p-brane intersections whose near horizon geometry has an AdS part.
Intersection of a Sure Ellipsoid and a Random Ellipsoid
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arjun K. Gupta
2012-07-01
Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} An Expression for the expected value of the intersection of a sure sphere and a random sphere has been derived by Laurent (1974. In the present paper we derive the expression for the expected intersection volume of a sure ellipsoid and a random ellipsoid
Fat People of Color: Emergent Intersectional Discourse Online
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Apryl A. Williams
2017-02-01
Full Text Available Though the general populace has been introduced to the idea of thin privilege, the fat activist movement has been slow in gaining momentum. This is due, in part, to the symbolic annihilation of “fat” people in media. Within the fat activist framework, women of color are often further excluded from the overarching discourse and white privilege is sometimes unacknowledged. Taking an intersectional approach, I examine the Tumblr page, Fat People of Color. I use Critical Technocultural Discourse Analysis (CTDA to examine the images and conversations posted by users. Findings reveal that Fat People of Color uses an intersectional, communal approach to posit counter-narratives against normative ideas about white thinness. This research contributes to an understudied area of sociological inquiry by presenting an analysis of the experience of “fat” women of color within a feminist framework. Ignoring the variation of experiences strengthens the types of privileges that fat activism and feminism hope to dismantle.
Road Impedance Model Study under the Control of Intersection Signal
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yunlin Luo
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Road traffic impedance model is a difficult and critical point in urban traffic assignment and route guidance. The paper takes a signalized intersection as the research object. On the basis of traditional traffic wave theory including the implementation of traffic wave model and the analysis of vehicles’ gathering and dissipating, the road traffic impedance model is researched by determining the basic travel time and waiting delay time. Numerical example results have proved that the proposed model in this paper has received better calculation performance compared to existing model, especially in flat hours. The values of mean absolute percentage error (MAPE and mean absolute deviation (MAD are separately reduced by 3.78% and 2.62 s. It shows that the proposed model has feasibility and availability in road traffic impedance under intersection signal.
The Standard Model from stable intersecting brane world orbifolds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blumenhagen, Ralph E-mail: blumenha@physik.hu-berlin.de; Koers, Boris E-mail: koers@physik.hu-berlin.de; Luest, Dieter E-mail: luest@physik.hu-berlin.de; Ott, Tassilo E-mail: ott@physik.hu-berlin.de
2001-11-19
We analyze the perturbative stability of non-supersymmetric intersecting brane world models on tori. Besides the dilaton tadpole, a dynamical instability in the complex structure moduli space occurs at string disc level, which drives the background geometry to a degenerate limit. We show that in certain orbifold models this latter instability is absent as the relevant moduli are frozen. We construct explicit examples of such orbifold intersecting brane world models and discuss the phenomenological implications of a three generation Standard Model which descends naturally from an SU(5) GUT theory. It turns out that various phenomenological issues require the string scale to be at least of the order of the GUT scale. As a major difference compared to the Standard Model, some of the Yukawa couplings are excluded so that the standard electroweak Higgs mechanism with a fundamental Higgs scalar is not realized in this set-up.
Sigma-model soliton intersections from exceptional calibrations
Portugues, R
2002-01-01
A first-order `BPS' equation is obtained for 1/8 supersymmetric intersections of soliton-membranes (lumps) of supersymmetric (4+1)-dimensional massless sigma models, and a special non-singular solution is found that preserves 1/4 supersymmetry. For 4-dimensional hyper-K\\"ahler target spaces ($HK_4$) the BPS equation is shown to be the low-energy limit of the equation for a Cayley-calibrated 4-surface in $\\bE^4\\times HK_4$. Similar first-order equations are found for stationary intersections of Q-lump-membranes of the massive sigma model, but now generic solutions preserve either 1/8 supersymmetry or no supersymmetry, depending on the time orientation.
Intersection Theory, Integrable Hierarchies and Topological Field Theory
Dijkgraaf, Robbert
1992-01-01
In these lecture notes we review the various relations between intersection theory on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces, integrable hierarchies of KdV type, matrix models, and topological quantum field theories. We explain in particular why matrix integrals of the type considered by Kontsevich naturally appear as tau-functions associated to minimal models. Our starting point is the extremely simple form of the string equation for the topological (p,1) models, where the so-called Baker-Akhi...
MATLAB Simulation of Fuzzy Traffic Controller for Multilane Isolated Intersection
2010-01-01
This paper presents a MATLAB simulation of fuzzy traffic controller for controlling traffic flow at multilane isolated signalized intersection. The controller is developed based on the waiting time and vehicles queue length at current green phase, and vehicles queue lengths at the other phases. For control strategy, the controllercontrols the traffic light timings and phase sequence to ensure smooth flow of traffic with minimal waiting time, queue length and delay time. In this research, the ...
Precision of Points Computed from Intersections of Lines or Planes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Cederholm, Jens Peter
2004-01-01
estimates the precision of the points. When using laser scanning a similar problem appears. A laser scanner captures a 3-D point cloud, not the points of real interest. The suggested method can be used to compute three-dimensional coordinates of the intersection of three planes estimated from the point...... cloud. The method can also be used to predict the precision of the points prior to a survey. An example is given....
SELF-INTERSECTION LOCAL TIME OF ADDITIVE LEVY PROCESS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
钟玉泉; 胡迪鹤
2002-01-01
This article discusses the problem of existence of jointly continuous self-process X = {X(t), t ∈ RN+)} which has the decomposition X = X1 X2 ... Xv, eachThey prove that if Nrα＞ d(r - 1), then a jointly continuous local time of Z, i.e. theself-intersection local time of X, can be obtained.
Nonempty intersection theorems in topological spaces with applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Min FANG; Nan-jing HUANG
2009-01-01
In this paper,we establish some new nonempty intersection theorems for generalized L-KKM mappings and prove some new fixed point theorems for set-valued mappings under suitable conditions in topological spaces.As applications,an existence theorem for an equilibrium problem with lower and upper bounds and two existence theorems for a quasi-equilibrium problem with lower and upper bounds are obtained in topological spaces.Our results generalize some known results in the literature.
Imploded test-chamber for an ISR intersection
1977-01-01
At the ISR intersection points the vacuum chambers had to be as "transparent" as possible, for the p-p collision product particles to reach the detectors with minimum hindrance. This meant the choice of a light, yet very strong, metal; minimum thickness; and corrugation for mechanical strength. The test-chamber seen here was made of 0.6 mm thick corrugated titanium, obviously not strong enough to withstand the atmospheric pressure.
Some phenomenology of intersecting D-brane models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kane, Gordon L.; Kumar, Piyush; /Michigan U., MCTP; Lykken, Joseph D.; /Fermilab; Wang, Ting T.; /Michigan U., MCTP
2004-11-01
We present some phenomenology of a new class of intersecting D-brane models. Soft SUSY breaking terms for these models are calculated in the complex structure (u)-moduli dominant SUSY breaking approach (in type IIA). In this case, the dependence of the soft terms on the Yukawas and Wilson lines drops out. These soft terms have a different pattern compared to the usual heterotic string models. Phenomenological implications for dark matter are discussed.
Fuels Performance: Navigating the Intersection of Fuels and Combustion (Brochure)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
2014-12-01
Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the only national laboratory dedicated 100% to renewable energy and energy efficiency, recognize that engine and infrastructure compatibility can make or break the impact of even the most promising fuel. NREL and its industry partners navigate the intersection of fuel chemistry, ignition kinetics, combustion, and emissions, with innovative approaches to engines and fuels that meet drivers' expectations, while minimizing petroleum use and GHGs.
Some Intersections and Identifications in Integral Group Rings
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Ram Karan; Deepak Kumar
2002-05-01
Let be the integral group ring of a group and () its augmentation ideal. For a free group and a normal subgroup of , the intersection $I^{n+1}(F) \\cap I^n(R)$ is determined for all ≥ 1. The subgroups $F \\cap (1+ZFI(R)I(F)I(S))$ and $F \\cap (1+I(R)I^3(F))$ of are identified when and are arbitrary subgroups of .
Cryptanalysis and improvement of a quantum private set intersection protocol
Cheng, Xiaogang; Guo, Ren; Chen, Yonghong
2017-02-01
A recent Quantum Private Set Intersection (QPSI) scheme is crypt-analyzed. The original claimed communication overhead is shown to be not accurate. And the original security definition is passive and not fair. To ensure fairness, a passive third party is introduced. It is also shown that unconditional fairness of QPSI protocol is impossible. Since otherwise, it would violate a well-known impossible quantum cryptography result.
Intersecting D-branes and black hole entropy
Behrndt, Klaus; Bergshoeff, Eric
1996-01-01
In four dimensions there are 4 different types of extremal Maxwell/scalar black holes characterized by a scalar coupling parameter a with a = 0, 1/âˆš3, 1, âˆš3. These black holes can be described as intersections of ten-dimensional non-singular Ramond-Ramond objects, i.e, D-branes, waves and Taub-N
Martinac, Boris
Living cells are exposed to a variety of mechanical stimuli acting throughout the biosphere. The range of the stimuli extends from thermal molecular agitation to potentially destructive cell swelling caused by osmotic pressure gradients. Cellular membranes present a major target for these stimuli. To detect mechanical forces acting upon them cell membranes are equipped with mechanosensitive (MS) ion channels. Functioning as molecular mechanoelectrical transducers of mechanical forces into electrical and/or chemical intracellular signals these channels play a critical role in the physiology of mechanotransduction. Studies of prokaryotic MS channels and recent work on MS channels of eukaryotes have significantly increased our understanding of their gating mechanism, physiological functions, and evolutionary origins as well as their role in the pathology of disease.
Droplets coalescence at microchannel intersection chambers with different shapes
Liu, Zhaomiao; Wang, Xiang; Cao, Rentuo; Pang, Yan
2016-11-01
The influence of microchannel intersection chamber shape on droplets coalescence process is investigated in this study. Three kinds of chamber shapes (half-round, triangle and camber) are designed to realize head-on droplets coalescence. The coalescence processes are visualized with high-speed camera system and the internal flow patterns are resolved with micro-PIV system. Experimental analyses on droplets coalescence position, coalescence time and the critical conditions are discussed. Both direct coalescence and late coalescence can be observed in the camber junction while only the late coalescence is present for the half-round and the triangle junction. The critical capillary number Ca* varies for different working systems or intersection shapes. Ca* in the camber junction is larger than that in the other two junctions for each working system and it decreases with the increase of the viscosity ratios for each intersection shape. Moreover, the characteristics of the velocity fields for different coalescence cases are analyzed for in-depth understanding of the process. The authors do appreciate the financial support of No.11572013 of National Nature Scicence Funding of China.
Complete intersections K-theory and Chern classes
Mandal, S S
1996-01-01
Throughout this abstruct A will denote a noetherian commutative ring of dimension n. The paper has two parts. Among the interesting results in Part-1 are the following: 1) {\\it suppose that f_1, f_2, \\ldots, f_r (with r \\leq n) is a regular sequence in A and suppose Q is a projective A-module of rank r that maps onto the ideal (f_1, f_2, \\ldots, f_{r-1},f_r^{(r-1)!}). Then [Q]=[Q_0 \\oplus A] in K_0(A) for some projective A-module~Q_0 of rank r-1.} 2) The set F_0K_0(A) = \\{[A/I] \\in K_0(A): I~ is~ a~ locally~ complete ~intersection~ ideal~ in~ A~ of~ height~n \\} is a {\\it subgroup} of K_0(A). We also show that if A is a reduced affine algebra over a field k then F_0K_0(A) {\\it is indeed the Zero Cycle Subgroup of} K_0(A) {\\it that is generated by smooth maximal ideals} \\Cal M {\\it of height} n. 3){\\it let A be such that whenever I is a locally complete intersection ideal of height n with [A/I]=0 then I is the image of a projective A-module of rank n. Then for any locally complete intersection ideal J of height...
Ranking the types of intersections for assessing the safety of pedestrians using TOPSIS method
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Călin ŞERBU
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Every year, more than 1500 accidents with pedestrian occur in the intersections in Romania. The number of accidents involving pedestrians in roundabouts intersections type increased approximately three times in 2013 compared to 2009 in Romania. This alarming increase led to the need of assessing the safety of pedestrians in intersections with or without safety systems. The safety systems for pedestrians and drivers include: the road marking, the pedestrian crossings marking, signal intersections with road signs, traffic lights or pedestrian safety barriers. We propose to assess the types of intersections with TOPSIS method.
Quantum channels and memory effects
Caruso, Filippo; Giovannetti, Vittorio; Lupo, Cosmo; Mancini, Stefano
2014-10-01
Any physical process can be represented as a quantum channel mapping an initial state to a final state. Hence it can be characterized from the point of view of communication theory, i.e., in terms of its ability to transfer information. Quantum information provides a theoretical framework and the proper mathematical tools to accomplish this. In this context the notion of codes and communication capacities have been introduced by generalizing them from the classical Shannon theory of information transmission and error correction. The underlying assumption of this approach is to consider the channel not as acting on a single system, but on sequences of systems, which, when properly initialized allow one to overcome the noisy effects induced by the physical process under consideration. While most of the work produced so far has been focused on the case in which a given channel transformation acts identically and independently on the various elements of the sequence (memoryless configuration in jargon), correlated error models appear to be a more realistic way to approach the problem. A slightly different, yet conceptually related, notion of correlated errors applies to a single quantum system which evolves continuously in time under the influence of an external disturbance which acts on it in a non-Markovian fashion. This leads to the study of memory effects in quantum channels: a fertile ground where interesting novel phenomena emerge at the intersection of quantum information theory and other branches of physics. A survey is taken of the field of quantum channels theory while also embracing these specific and complex settings.
Intersection Theory, Integrable Hierarchies and Topological Field Theory
Dijkgraaf, R
1992-01-01
In these lecture notes we review the various relations between intersection theory on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces, integrable hierarchies of KdV type, matrix models, and topological quantum field theories. We explain in particular why matrix integrals of the type considered by Kontsevich naturally appear as tau-functions associated to minimal models. Our starting point is the extremely simple form of the string equation for the topological (p,1) models, where the so-called Baker-Akhiezer function is given by a (generalized) Airy function.
Intersecting D 3 -D3 ' -brane system at finite temperature
Cottrell, William; Hanson, James; Hashimoto, Akikazu; Loveridge, Andrew; Pettengill, Duncan
2017-02-01
We analyze the dynamics of the intersecting D 3 -D3 ' -brane system overlapping in 1 +1 dimensions, in a holographic treatment where N D3 branes are manifested as anti-de Sitter Schwartzschild geometry, and the D3 ' brane is treated as a probe. We extract the thermodynamic equation of state from the set of embedding solutions, and analyze the stability at the perturbative and the nonperturbative level. We review a systematic procedure to resolve local instabilities and multivaluedness in the equations of state based on classic ideas of convexity in the microcanonical ensemble. We then identify a runaway behavior which was not noticed previously for this system.
Wide-angle spectrometer at intersection I-2
CERN PhotoLab
1973-01-01
The members of the British-Scandinavian ISR Collaboration "manning the rails" of the wide-angle spectrometer at intersection I-2, whose vacuum chamber is visible to theleft. The equipment of this high-momentum version of experiment R203 consists of scintillation counter hodoscopes, wire spark chambers, and spherical high-pressure threshold Cerenkov counters before and after an analysing magnet. The equipment is mounted on a movable platform. The smaller magnet suspended above the spectrometer measures the momentum of cosmic rays.
Brane Intersections in the Presence of a Worldvolume Electric Field
Bhattacharya, R; Bhattacharyya, Rajsekhar; Douari, Jamila
2005-01-01
The study of brane intersections has provided important insights into a possible non-commutative structure of spacetime geometry. In this paper we focus on the D1$\\bot$D3 system. We compare the D1 and D3 descriptions of the interesection and search for non-static solutions of the D3$\\bot$D1 funnel equations in the presence of a worldvolume electric field. We find that the D1 and D3 descriptions do not agree. We find time dependent solutions that are a natural generalization of those found without the electric field.
Some Problems of Unlikely Intersections in Arithmetic and Geometry
Zannier, Umberto
2012-01-01
This book considers the so-called Unlikely Intersections, a topic that embraces well-known issues, such as Lang's and Manin-Mumford's, concerning torsion points in subvarieties of tori or abelian varieties. More generally, the book considers algebraic subgroups that meet a given subvariety in a set of unlikely dimension. The book is an expansion of the Hermann Weyl Lectures delivered by Umberto Zannier at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton in May 2010. The book consists of four chapters and seven brief appendixes, the last six by David Masser. The first chapter considers multipli
Stability of distributed MPC in an intersection scenario
Sprodowski, T.; Pannek, J.
2015-11-01
The research topic of autonomous cars and the communication among them has attained much attention in the last years and is developing quickly. Among others, this research area spans fields such as image recognition, mathematical control theory, communication networks, and sensor fusion. We consider an intersection scenario where we divide the shared road space in different cells. These cells form a grid. The cars are modelled as an autonomous multi-agent system based on the Distributed Model Predictive Control algorithm (DMPC). We prove that the overall system reaches stability using Optimal Control for each multi-agent and demonstrate that by numerical results.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Alice Yang
2009-01-01
@@ "Brands" and "Channels" are the two most important things in Ku-Hai Chen's eyes when doing business with Main-land China. Ku-Hai Chen, Executive Director of the International Trade Institute of Taiwan External Trade Development Council (TAITRA), flies frequently between Chinese Taipei and Mainland China, and was in Beijing earlier this month for his seminar.
Badikyan, Karen
2016-01-01
The possibility of channeling the low-energy relativistic positrons around separate crystallographic axes with coaxial symmetry of negative ions in some types of crystals is shown. The process of annihilation of positrons with electrons of medium was studied in detail.
Novel Intersection Type Recognition for Autonomous Vehicles Using a Multi-Layer Laser Scanner
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jhonghyun An
2016-07-01
Full Text Available There are several types of intersections such as merge-roads, diverge-roads, plus-shape intersections and two types of T-shape junctions in urban roads. When an autonomous vehicle encounters new intersections, it is crucial to recognize the types of intersections for safe navigation. In this paper, a novel intersection type recognition method is proposed for an autonomous vehicle using a multi-layer laser scanner. The proposed method consists of two steps: (1 static local coordinate occupancy grid map (SLOGM building and (2 intersection classification. In the first step, the SLOGM is built relative to the local coordinate using the dynamic binary Bayes filter. In the second step, the SLOGM is used as an attribute for the classification. The proposed method is applied to a real-world environment and its validity is demonstrated through experimentation.
Characteristics of traffic flow at nonsignalized T-shaped intersection with U-turn movements.
Fan, Hong-Qiang; Jia, Bin; Li, Xin-Gang; Tian, Jun-Fang; Yan, Xue-Dong
2013-01-01
Most nonsignalized T-shaped intersections permit U-turn movements, which make the traffic conditions of intersection complex. In this paper, a new cellular automaton (CA) model is proposed to characterize the traffic flow at the intersection of this type. In present CA model, new rules are designed to avoid the conflicts among different directional vehicles and eliminate the gridlock. Two kinds of performance measures (i.e., flux and average control delay) for intersection are compared. The impacts of U-turn movements are analyzed under different initial conditions. Simulation results demonstrate that (i) the average control delay is more practical than flux in measuring the performance of intersection, (ii) U-turn movements increase the range and degree of high congestion, and (iii) U-turn movements on the different direction of main road have asymmetrical influences on the traffic conditions of intersection.
Characteristics of Traffic Flow at Nonsignalized T-Shaped Intersection with U-Turn Movements
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hong-Qiang Fan
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Most nonsignalized T-shaped intersections permit U-turn movements, which make the traffic conditions of intersection complex. In this paper, a new cellular automaton (CA model is proposed to characterize the traffic flow at the intersection of this type. In present CA model, new rules are designed to avoid the conflicts among different directional vehicles and eliminate the gridlock. Two kinds of performance measures (i.e., flux and average control delay for intersection are compared. The impacts of U-turn movements are analyzed under different initial conditions. Simulation results demonstrate that (i the average control delay is more practical than flux in measuring the performance of intersection, (ii U-turn movements increase the range and degree of high congestion, and (iii U-turn movements on the different direction of main road have asymmetrical influences on the traffic conditions of intersection.
Finite Temperature Corrections to Tachyon Mass in Intersecting D-Branes
Sethi, Varun; Sarkar, Swarnendu
2016-01-01
We continue with the analysis of finite temperature corrections to the Tachyon mass in intersecting branes which was initiated in arxiv:1403.0389. In this paper we extend the computation to the case of intersecting D3-branes by considering a setup of two intersecting branes in flat-space background. A holographic model dual to BCS superconductor consisting of intersecting D8-branes in D4-brane background was proposed in arxiv:1104.2843. The background considered here is a simplified configuration of this dual model. We compute the one-loop Tachyon amplitude in the Yang-Mills approximation and show that the result is finite. Analyzing the amplitudes further we numerically compute the transition temperature at which the Tachyon becomes massless. The analytic expressions for the one-loop amplitudes obtained here reduce to those for intersecting D1-branes obtained in arxiv:1403.0389 as well as those for intersecting D2-branes.
Novel Intersection Type Recognition for Autonomous Vehicles Using a Multi-Layer Laser Scanner.
An, Jhonghyun; Choi, Baehoon; Sim, Kwee-Bo; Kim, Euntai
2016-07-20
There are several types of intersections such as merge-roads, diverge-roads, plus-shape intersections and two types of T-shape junctions in urban roads. When an autonomous vehicle encounters new intersections, it is crucial to recognize the types of intersections for safe navigation. In this paper, a novel intersection type recognition method is proposed for an autonomous vehicle using a multi-layer laser scanner. The proposed method consists of two steps: (1) static local coordinate occupancy grid map (SLOGM) building and (2) intersection classification. In the first step, the SLOGM is built relative to the local coordinate using the dynamic binary Bayes filter. In the second step, the SLOGM is used as an attribute for the classification. The proposed method is applied to a real-world environment and its validity is demonstrated through experimentation.
Channel Power in Multi-Channel Environments
M.G. Dekimpe (Marnik); B. Skiera (Bernd)
2004-01-01
textabstractIn the literature, little attention has been paid to instances where companies add an Internet channel to their direct channel portfolio. However, actively managing multiple sales channels requires knowing the customers’ channel preferences and the resulting channel power. Two key compon
Multinomial Logit Model of Pedestrian Crossing Behaviors at Signalized Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhu-Ping Zhou
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Pedestrian crashes, making up a large proportion of road casualties, are more likely to occur at signalized intersections in China. This paper aims to study the different pedestrian behaviors of regular users, late starters, sneakers, and partial sneakers. Behavior information was observed manually in the field study. After that, the survey team distributed a questionnaire to the same participant who has been observed, to acquire detailed demographic and socioeconomic characteristics as well as attitude and preference indicators. Totally, 1878 pedestrians were surveyed at 16 signalized intersections in Nanjing. First, correlation analysis is performed to analyze each factor’s effect. Then, five latent variables including safety, conformity, comfort, flexibility, and fastness are obtained by structure equation modeling (SEM. Moreover, based on the results of SEM, a multinomial logit model with latent variables is developed to describe how the factors influence pedestrians’ behavior. Finally, some conclusions are drawn from the model: (1 for the choice of being late starters, arrival time, the presence of oncoming cars, and crosswalk length are the most important factors; (2 gender has the most significant effect on the pedestrians to be sneakers; and (3 age is the most important factor when pedestrians choose to be partial sneakers.
Intersecting Black Attractors in 8D N=1 Supergravity
Laamara, R Ahl; Hassani, F Z; Saidi, E H; Soumail, A A
2010-01-01
We study intersecting extremal black attractors in non chiral 8D N=1 supergravity with moduli space ((SO(2,N))/(SO(2)\\times SO(N)))\\times SO(1,1) and work out explicitly the attractor mechanism for various black p-brane configurations with the typical near horizon geometries AdS_{p+2} \\times S^{m} \\times T^{6-p-m}. We also give the classification of the solutions of the attractor equations in terms of the SO(N-k) subgroups of SO(2)\\times SO(N) symmetry of the moduli space as well as their interpretations in terms of both heterotic string on 2-torus and its type IIA dual. Other features such as non trivial SO(1,7) central charges Z_{{\\mu}_1...{\\mu}_{p}} in 8D N=1 supergravity and their connections to p-form gauge fields are also given. Key Words: 8D Supergravity, Superstring compactifications, Attractor Mechanism, Intersecting Attractors. PACS numbers: 04.70.-s, 11.25.-w, 04.65.+e, 04.70.-s, 04.50.+h, 04.70.Dy
Remote infrared signage evaluation for transit stations and intersections.
Crandall, W; Brabyn, J; Bentzen, B L; Myers, L
1999-10-01
Opportunities for education and employment depend upon effective and independent travel. For mainstream society, this is accomplished to a large extent by printed signs. People who are print disabled, visually impaired, or totally blind are at a disadvantage because they do not have access to signage. Remote infrared signage, such as the Talking Signs (TS) system, provides a solution to this need by labeling the environment for distant viewing. The system uses a transmitting "sign" and a hand-held receiver to tell people about their surroundings. In a seamless infrared signage environment, a visually impaired traveler could: walk safely across an intersection to an ATM or fare machine, from fare machine to bus stop, from bus stop to bus; from bus to building, from building to elevator, from elevator to office, from office to restroom, and so forth. This paper focuses on two problems that are among the most challenging and dangerous faced by blind travelers: negotiating complex transit stations and controlled intersections. We report on human factors studies of TS in these critical tasks, examining such issues as how much training is needed to use the system, its impact on performance and safety, benefits for different population subgroups and user opinions of its value. Results indicate that blind people can quickly and easily learn to use remote infrared signage effectively, and that its use improves travel safety, efficiency, and independence.
Period Integrals of CY and General Type Complete Intersections
Lian, Bong H
2011-01-01
We develop a global Poincar\\'e residue formula to study period integrals of families of complex manifolds. For any compact complex manifold $X$ equipped with a linear system $V^*$ of generically smooth CY hypersurfaces, the formula expresses period integrals in terms of a canonical global meromorphic top form on $X$. Two important ingredients of our construction are the notion of a CY principal bundle, and a classification of such rank one bundles. We also generalize our construction to CY and general type complete intersections. When $X$ is an algebraic manifold having a sufficiently large automorphism group $G$ and $V^*$ is a linear representation of $G$, we construct a holonomic D-module that governs the period integrals. The construction is based in part on the theory of tautological systems we have developed in the paper \\cite{LSY1}, joint with R. Song. The approach allows us to explicitly describe a Picard-Fuchs type system for complete intersection varieties of general types, as well as CY, in any Fano...
Ultrafast charge transfer via a conical intersection in dimethylaminobenzonitrile.
Fuss, Werner; Pushpa, Kumbil Kuttan; Rettig, Wolfgang; Schmid, Wolfram E; Trushin, Sergei A
2002-04-01
The L(a)-like S2 state (2A) of 4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile was pumped at 267 nm in the gas phase at 130 degrees C. Nonresonant multiphoton ionization at 800 nm with mass-selective detection then probed the subsequent processes. Whereas ionization at the Franck-Condon geometry only gave rise to the parent ion, fragmentation increased on motion towards the charge-transfer (CT) state. This useful difference is ascribed to a geometry-dependent resonance in the ion. The time constants found are interpreted by ultrafast (approximately 68 fs) relaxation through a conical intersection to both the CT and the L(b)-type S1 state (1B). Then the population equilibrates between these two states within 1 ps. From there the molecule relaxes within 90 ps to a lower excited state which can only be a triplet state (T(n)) and then decomposes within 300 ps. Previous experiments either investigated only 1B --> CT relaxation-which does not take place in the gas phase or nonpolar solvents for energetic reasons--or, starting from S2 excitation, typically had insufficient time resolution (>1 ps) to detect the temporary charge transfer. Only recently temporary population of the CT state was found in a nonpolar solvent (Kwok et al., J. Phys. Chem. A. 2000, 104, 4188), a result fully consistent with our mechanism. We also show that S2 --> S1 relaxation does not occur vertically but involves an intermediate strong geometrical distortion, passing through a conical intersection.
The intersection numbers of the p-spin curves from random matrix theory
Brezin, E
2012-01-01
The intersection numbers of p-spin curves are computed through correlation functions of Gaussian ensembles of random matrices in an external matrix source. The p-dependence of intersection numbers is determined as polynomial in p; the large p behavior is also considered. The analytic continuation of intersection numbers to negative values of p is discussed in relation to SL(2,R)/U(1) black hole sigma model.
The intersection numbers of the p-spin curves from random matrix theory
Brézin, E.; Hikami, S.
2013-02-01
The intersection numbers of p-spin curves are computed through correlation functions of Gaussian ensembles of random matrices in an external matrix source. The p-dependence of intersection numbers is determined as polynomial in p; the large p behavior is also considered. The analytic continuation of intersection numbers to negative values of p is discussed in relation to SL(2,R)/U(1) black hole sigma model.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lund Hansen, Dennis; Lauritsen, Jens M
2010-01-01
accidents treated at three hospitals for a region covering roughly 0.5 mio persons were recorded routinely and subsequently geo-coded to exact location. For 8191 injured persons the traffic accident occurred in one of 2157 road intersections. In total the county holds 56.994 intersections. Hot spots were...... of intersections considered as a black spot. GIS methods must take this into consideration....
Coloring intersection graphs of x-monotone curves in the plane
Suk, Andrew
2012-01-01
A class of graphs G is \\chi-bounded if the chromatic number of the graphs in G is bounded by some function of their clique number. We show that the class of intersection graphs of simple x-monotone curves in the plane intersecting a vertical line is \\chi-bounded. As a corollary, the class of intersection graphs of rays in the plane is \\chi-bounded.
Wei, J; Riedel, J; Kuczmann, A; Renth, F; Temps, F
2004-01-01
The H and D atom elimination mechanisms in the photodissociation of jet cooled pyrrole and pyrrole-d1 have been studied by photofragment velocity map imaging. The molecules were excited to the 1 1A2 (pi sigma*) state at lambda = 243 nm and to the 1 1B2 (pi pi*) state at lambda = 217 nm. H/D atoms were detected by (2 + 1) resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) at lambda = 243 nm. The analysis of the images and the resulting translational energy distributions from the 1 1A2 state demonstrates the existence of two decay pathways, fast mode-specific cleavage of the NH bond in the excited state (channel A) and internal conversion (IC) to the electronic ground state (S0) followed by unimolecular decomposition of the vibrationally hot S0 molecules (channel B). The angular distributions of the H/D atoms from the direct dissociation in the excited state are strongly anisotropic, whereas the decay of the S0 molecules leads to spatially isotropic distributions. The results at lambda = 217 nm indicate that the 1 1B2 state undergoes an ultrafast radiationless transition to 1 1A2 followed by the abovementioned direct mode-specific NH bond fission on the 1 1A2 potential energy surface (channel A') or conversion to S0 and subsequent unimolecular decomposition (channel B'). The latter pathway may also be initiated by a direct relaxation from 1 1B2 to S0. The anisotropy parameter of beta approximately -1 for the direct NH bond fission at lambda = 217 nm is in accordance with the expectations for a perpendicular electronic excitation and a dissociation lifetime that is short compared to the rotational period of the molecules. The fast decay dynamics of both excited electronic states can be rationalized with reference to the theoretically predicted conical intersections between the pi pi*, pi sigma*, and S0 potential energy surfaces and the antibonding nature of the pi sigma* potential energy surface with respect to the NH bond [A. L. Sobolewski, W. Domcke. C. Dedonder
Extraction of Ice Sheet Layers from Two Intersected Radar Echograms Near Neem Ice Core in Greenland
Xiong, S.; Muller, J.-P.
2016-06-01
Accumulation of snow and ice over time result in ice sheet layers. These can be remotely sensed where there is a contrast in electromagnetic properties, which reflect variations of the ice density, acidity and fabric orientation. Internal ice layers are assumed to be isochronous, deep beneath the ice surface, and parallel to the direction of ice flow. The distribution of internal layers is related to ice sheet dynamics, such as the basal melt rate, basal elevation variation and changes in ice flow mode, which are important parameters to model the ice sheet. Radar echo sounder is an effective instrument used to study the sedimentology of the Earth and planets. Ice Penetrating Radar (IPR) is specific kind of radar echo sounder, which extends studies of ice sheets from surface to subsurface to deep internal ice sheets depending on the frequency utilised. In this study, we examine a study site where folded ice occurs in the internal ice sheet south of the North Greenland Eemian ice drilling (NEEM) station, where two intersected radar echograms acquired by the Multi-channel Coherent Radar Depth Sounder (MCoRDS) employed in the NASA's Operation IceBridge (OIB) mission imaged this folded ice. We propose a slice processing flow based on a Radon Transform to trace and extract these two sets of curved ice sheet layers, which can then be viewed in 3-D, demonstrating the 3-D structure of the ice folds.
Evaluation of Deployment Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks at Signalized Intersections
Azpilicueta, Leyre; López-Iturri, Peio; Aguirre, Erik; Martínez, Carlos; Astrain, José Javier; Villadangos, Jesús; Falcone, Francisco
2016-01-01
With the growing demand of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) for safer and more efficient transportation, research on and development of such vehicular communication systems have increased considerably in the last years. The use of wireless networks in vehicular environments has grown exponentially. However, it is highly important to analyze radio propagation prior to the deployment of a wireless sensor network in such complex scenarios. In this work, the radio wave characterization for ISM 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) deployed taking advantage of the existence of traffic light infrastructure has been assessed. By means of an in-house developed 3D ray launching algorithm, the impact of topology as well as urban morphology of the environment has been analyzed, emulating the realistic operation in the framework of the scenario. The complexity of the scenario, which is an intersection city area with traffic lights, vehicles, people, buildings, vegetation and urban environment, makes necessary the channel characterization with accurate models before the deployment of wireless networks. A measurement campaign has been conducted emulating the interaction of the system, in the vicinity of pedestrians as well as nearby vehicles. A real time interactive application has been developed and tested in order to visualize and monitor traffic as well as pedestrian user location and behavior. Results show that the use of deterministic tools in WSN deployment can aid in providing optimal layouts in terms of coverage, capacity and energy efficiency of the network. PMID:27455270
Evaluation of Deployment Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks at Signalized Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Leyre Azpilicueta
2016-07-01
Full Text Available With the growing demand of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS for safer and more efficient transportation, research on and development of such vehicular communication systems have increased considerably in the last years. The use of wireless networks in vehicular environments has grown exponentially. However, it is highly important to analyze radio propagation prior to the deployment of a wireless sensor network in such complex scenarios. In this work, the radio wave characterization for ISM 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs deployed taking advantage of the existence of traffic light infrastructure has been assessed. By means of an in-house developed 3D ray launching algorithm, the impact of topology as well as urban morphology of the environment has been analyzed, emulating the realistic operation in the framework of the scenario. The complexity of the scenario, which is an intersection city area with traffic lights, vehicles, people, buildings, vegetation and urban environment, makes necessary the channel characterization with accurate models before the deployment of wireless networks. A measurement campaign has been conducted emulating the interaction of the system, in the vicinity of pedestrians as well as nearby vehicles. A real time interactive application has been developed and tested in order to visualize and monitor traffic as well as pedestrian user location and behavior. Results show that the use of deterministic tools in WSN deployment can aid in providing optimal layouts in terms of coverage, capacity and energy efficiency of the network.
Evaluation of Deployment Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks at Signalized Intersections.
Azpilicueta, Leyre; López-Iturri, Peio; Aguirre, Erik; Martínez, Carlos; Astrain, José Javier; Villadangos, Jesús; Falcone, Francisco
2016-07-22
With the growing demand of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) for safer and more efficient transportation, research on and development of such vehicular communication systems have increased considerably in the last years. The use of wireless networks in vehicular environments has grown exponentially. However, it is highly important to analyze radio propagation prior to the deployment of a wireless sensor network in such complex scenarios. In this work, the radio wave characterization for ISM 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) deployed taking advantage of the existence of traffic light infrastructure has been assessed. By means of an in-house developed 3D ray launching algorithm, the impact of topology as well as urban morphology of the environment has been analyzed, emulating the realistic operation in the framework of the scenario. The complexity of the scenario, which is an intersection city area with traffic lights, vehicles, people, buildings, vegetation and urban environment, makes necessary the channel characterization with accurate models before the deployment of wireless networks. A measurement campaign has been conducted emulating the interaction of the system, in the vicinity of pedestrians as well as nearby vehicles. A real time interactive application has been developed and tested in order to visualize and monitor traffic as well as pedestrian user location and behavior. Results show that the use of deterministic tools in WSN deployment can aid in providing optimal layouts in terms of coverage, capacity and energy efficiency of the network.
Boolean operations of STL models based on edge-facet intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
For the data processing of the Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing, Boolean operation can offer a versatile tool for editing or modifying the STL model, adding the artificial construction, and creating the complex assistant support structure to meet the special technical requests. The topological structure of STL models was built firstly in order to obtain the neighborhood relationship among the triangular facets. The intersection test between every edge of one solid and every facet of another solid Was taken to get the intersection points. According to the matching relationship of the triangle index recorded in the data structure of the intersection points, the intersection segments array and the intersection loop were traced out. Each intersected triangle was subdivided by the Constrained Delaunay Triangulations. The intersected surfaces were divided into several surface patches along the intersection loops. The inclusion prediction between the surface patch and the other solid was taken by testing whether the candidate point Was inside or outside the solid region of the slice. Detecting the loops for determination of the valid intersection lines greatly increases the efficiency and the reliability of the process.
A method of dealing polygon's self-intersection contour in SLA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GAO Yong-qiang; MO Jian-hua; HUANG Shu-huai
2007-01-01
The contour of the slices of SLA parts is composed of a great deal of small lines. When offsetting the contour to compensate for the radius of laser spot, many self-intersection contours come into being, which decrease the precision of formed parts. A new lemma to judge the local self-intersection contour and the global self-intersection contour separately is put forward, according to which self-intersection contour can be removed reliably. Meanwhile, a new beam offsetting algorithm for SLA parts is described, which brings about good results in the practical manufacturing process.
Channel Networks on Large Fans: Refining Analogs for the Ridge-forming Unit, Sinus Meridiani
Wilkinson, Justin
2009-01-01
Stream channels are generally thought of as forming within confined valley settings, separated by interfluves. Sinuous ridges on Mars and Earth are often interpreted as stream channels inverted by subsequent erosion of valley sides. In the case of the ridge-forming unit (RFU), this interpretation fails to explain the (i) close spacing of the ridges, which are (ii) organized in networks, and which (iii) cover large areas (approximately 175,000 km (exp 2)). Channel networks on terrestrial fans develop unconfined by valley slopes. Large fans (100s km long) are low-angle, fluvial features, documented worldwide, with characteristics that address these aspects of the RFU. Ridge patterns Channels on large fans provide an analog for the sinuous and elongated morphology of RFU ridges, but more especially for other patterns such as subparallel, branching and crossing networks. Branches are related to splays (delta-like distributaries are rare), whose channels can rejoin the main channel. Crossing patterns can be caused by even slight sinuosity splay-related side channels often intersect. An avulsion node distant from the fan apex, gives rise to channels with slightly different, and hence intersecting, orientations. Channels on neighboring fans intersect along the common fan margin. 2. Network density Channels are the dominant feature on large terrestrial fans (lakes and dune fields are minor). Inverted landscapes on subsequently eroded fans thus display indurated channels as networks of significantly close-spaced ridges. 3. Channel networks covering large areas Areas of individual large terrestrial fans can reach >200,000 km 2 (105-6 km 2 with nested fans), providing an analog for the wide area distribution of the RFU.
Wu, Yu; Cheng, Tianhai; Zheng, Lijuan; Chen, Hao; Xu, Hui
2015-05-01
The optical properties of light absorbing soot aerosols generally change through interactions with weakly absorbing particles, resulting in complex mixing states, and have been highlighted as a major uncertainty in assessing their radiative forcing and climatic impact. The single scattering properties of soot aggregates partially embedded in the host sulfate particle (semi-embedded soot-containing mixtures) are investigated for two kinds of morphologies with intersecting and non-intersecting surfaces. The surfaces cannot be overlapped in the non-intersecting surface morphology, while the intersecting surface morphology is unconstrained. Based on the modified diffusion limited aggregation (DLA) algorithm, the models with non-intersecting surfaces are simulated and applied for the single scattering calculations of semi-embedded soot-containing mixtures using the superposition T-matrix (STM) method. For comparison, the models with intersecting surfaces are simulated with the same morphological parameters, but some soot monomers are intersected by the host sphere. Due to the limitation of current STM method, the optical properties of these models with intersecting surfaces are calculated using the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) method. The soot volume fractions outside sulfate host (Fs,out) are introduced and applied to characterize the mixing states of the soot-containing aerosols. These simulations show that the absorption cross-sections of those internally, deeply, half and slightly embedded mixed soot particles (Fs,out = 0.0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8) are ~105%, ~65%, ~43% and ~14% larger than the semi-external mixtures (Fs,out = 1.0), respectively. The results also indicate that the differences of extinction cross-sections, single scattering albedo (SSA) and asymmetry parameter (ASY) between simulations with intersecting and non-intersecting surfaces are small (infrared wavelengths, the relative deviations of absorption cross-sections between these different
In, Visarath; Longhini, Patrick; Kho, Andy; Neff, Joseph D.; Leung, Daniel; Liu, Norman; Meadows, Brian K.; Gordon, Frank; Bulsara, Adi R.; Palacios, Antonio
2012-12-01
The nonlinear channelizer is an integrated circuit made up of large parallel arrays of analog nonlinear oscillators, which, collectively, serve as a broad-spectrum analyzer with the ability to receive complex signals containing multiple frequencies and instantaneously lock-on or respond to a received signal in a few oscillation cycles. The concept is based on the generation of internal oscillations in coupled nonlinear systems that do not normally oscillate in the absence of coupling. In particular, the system consists of unidirectionally coupled bistable nonlinear elements, where the frequency and other dynamical characteristics of the emergent oscillations depend on the system's internal parameters and the received signal. These properties and characteristics are being employed to develop a system capable of locking onto any arbitrary input radio frequency signal. The system is efficient by eliminating the need for high-speed, high-accuracy analog-to-digital converters, and compact by making use of nonlinear coupled systems to act as a channelizer (frequency binning and channeling), a low noise amplifier, and a frequency down-converter in a single step which, in turn, will reduce the size, weight, power, and cost of the entire communication system. This paper covers the theory, numerical simulations, and some engineering details that validate the concept at the frequency band of 1-4 GHz.
Interactions between Intersecting Pedestrian and Vehicle Flows on Roads
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Ren-Yong; GUO Xi
2011-01-01
The crossing of vehicle How by pedestrians at either signalized crosswalks or locations away from crosswalks is studied using a car-following model. The model process is constructed, and two safe criterions deciding whether pedestrians begin to cross a road and a rule stopping vehicles at a signal intersection are proposed. Numerical results indicate that the relations of both vehicles' and pedestrians' delays to the width of pedestrian arrival interval are nonlinear; careful pedestrians unnecessarily spend more time to cross a road than aggressive ones; pedestrians crossing near a traffic signal have more influence on their and vehicles' delays. When pedestrians are permitted to cross a road using the gaps between slow vehicles, their delay may increase.%The crossing of vehicle flow by pedestrians at either signalized crosswalks or locations away from crosswalks is studied using a car-following model.The model process is constructed,and two safe criterions deciding whether pedestrians begin to cross a road and a rule stopping vehicles at a signal intersection are proposed.Numerical results indicate that the relations of both vehicles' and pedestrians' delays to the width of pedestrian arrival interval are nonlinear;careful pedestrians unnecessarily spend more time to cross a road than aggressive ones;pedestrians crossing near a traffic signal have more influence on their and vehicles' delays.When pedestrians are permitted to cross a road using the gaps between slow vehicles,their delay may increase.In recent years,intersecting pedestrian and vehicle flows on roads have been studied by using the microscopic simulation method.[1-5] In the method,the dynamics of vehicle flow are formulated by cell automata (CA) models[5] or car-following (CF) models[1-3] generally.It is well known that space is discretized into cells and the length of cells measures the moving distance of vehicles in the CA models.Thus,the CA models are used to investigate the effects of vehicles
P-brane black holes for general intersections
Ivashchuk, V D
1999-01-01
Black hole generalized p-brane solutions for a wide class of intersectionrules are presented. The solutions are defined on a manifold that contains aproduct of n - 1 Ricci-flat ``internal'' spaces. They are defined up to modulifunctions H_s = H_s(R) obeying a non-linear differential equations (equivalentto Toda-type equations) with certain boundary conditions imposed. Usingconjecture on polynomial structure of H_s for intersections related to Liealgebras, new A_2-dyon solutions are obtained. Two examples of these A_2-dyonsolutions, i.e. dyon in D = 11 supergravity with M2 and M5 branes intersectingat a point and dyon in Kaluza-Klein theory, are considered.
Ideal theory in semigroups based on intersectional soft sets.
Song, Seok Zun; Kim, Hee Sik; Jun, Young Bae
2014-01-01
The notions of int-soft semigroups and int-soft left (resp., right) ideals are introduced, and several properties are investigated. Using these notions and the notion of inclusive set, characterizations of subsemigroups and left (resp., right) ideals are considered. Using the notion of int-soft products, characterizations of int-soft semigroups and int-soft left (resp., right) ideals are discussed. We prove that the soft intersection of int-soft left (resp., right) ideals (resp., int-soft semigroups) is also int-soft left (resp., right) ideals (resp., int-soft semigroups). The concept of int-soft quasi-ideals is also introduced, and characterization of a regular semigroup is discussed.
Supersymmetric gauge theories, intersecting branes and free fermions
Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Hollands, Lotte; Sułkowski, Piotr; Vafa, Cumrun
2008-02-01
We show that various holomorphic quantities in supersymmetric gauge theories can be conveniently computed by configurations of D4-branes and D6-branes. These D-branes intersect along a Riemann surface that is described by a holomorphic curve in a complex surface. The resulting I-brane carries two-dimensional chiral fermions on its world-volume. This system can be mapped directly to the topological string on a large class of non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Inclusion of the string coupling constant corresponds to turning on a constant B-field on the complex surface, which makes this space non-commutative. Including all string loop corrections the free fermion theory is elegantly formulated in terms of holonomic D-modules that replace the classical holomorphic curve in the quantum case.
Supersymmetric Gauge Theories, Intersecting Branes and Free Fermions
Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Sulkowski, Piotr; Vafa, Cumrun
2008-01-01
We show that various holomorphic quantities in supersymmetric gauge theories can be conveniently computed by configurations of D4-branes and D6-branes. These D-branes intersect along a Riemann surface that is described by a holomorphic curve in a complex surface. The resulting I-brane carries two-dimensional chiral fermions on its world-volume. This system can be mapped directly to the topological string on a large class of non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds. Inclusion of the string coupling constant corresponds to turning on a constant B-field on the complex surface, which makes this space non-commutative. Including all string loop corrections the free fermion theory is elegantly formulated in terms of holonomic D-modules that replace the classical holomorphic curve in the quantum case.
Graphic Intersections: Erga, Parerga and Pro-Erga
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Petherbridge, Deanna
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The place where design and art intersect is drawing with its elastic capability of functioning as the whole, the preparatory and the supplementary work. Drawing doesn't only occur at the level of individual practice but can be part of wider "graphic events" where concerted acts of recording, performing, inventing and disseminating link diverse visual practices across time. Two such discursive events are discussed as paradigms: the accidental finding of the Villa Aurea in the 1480s in Rome and Alois Senefelder's lithographic publication of the illustrated Book of Hours of Emperor Maximilian I in 1808. Both were stylistically influential through the popularising of 'grotesque' configurations that unify heterogeneity through linearity.
Feature curve extraction from point clouds via developable strip intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kai Wah Lee
2016-04-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study the problem of computing smooth feature curves from CAD type point clouds models. The proposed method reconstructs feature curves from the intersections of developable strip pairs which approximate the regions along both sides of the features. The generation of developable surfaces is based on a linear approximation of the given point cloud through a variational shape approximation approach. A line segment sequencing algorithm is proposed for collecting feature line segments into different feature sequences as well as sequential groups of data points. A developable surface approximation procedure is employed to refine incident approximation planes of data points into developable strips. Some experimental results are included to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method.
Segmentation of Overlapping Shapes using Test Ray Intersections
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmusson, Allan
be a major task, but in bioimaging and tissue quantification it is often complicated further by the need for segmenting images of overlapping particles, for instance neurons. One approach to segmenting overlapping particles is to oversegment the image into many small regions which are then combined...... into the correct shapes in a postprocessing step. The postprocessing step is unfortunately often both difficult and computationally expensive. Another approach is to incorporate descriptions of the overlapping shapes into a segmentation algorithm which normally only segments the union of all particle profiles....... This may, however, quickly lead to the implementation of complex descriptions of any possible configuration the overlapping shapes may appear in. Presented here is a new approach to segment overlapping shapes which utilizes information gained from probing the image with test rays. Test rays intersections...
Automatic recognition of intersecting features of freeform sheet metal parts
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chun-jie ZHANG; Xiong-hui ZHOU; Cong-xin LI
2009-01-01
This paper presents an approach for recognizing both isolated and intersecting geometric features of freeform surface models of parts, for the purpose of automating the process planning of sheet metal forming. The developed methodology has three major steps: subdivision of B-spline surfaces, detection of protrusions and depressions, and recognition of geometric features for sheet metal forming domain. The input geometry data format of the part is based on an IGES CAD surface model represented in the form of trimmed B-spline surfaces. Each surface is classified or subdivided into different curvature regions with the aid of curvature property surfaces obtained by using symbolic computation of B-spline surfaces. Those regions satisfying a particular geometry and topology relation are recognized as protrusion and depression (DP) shapes. The DP shapes are then classified into different geometric features using a rule-based approach. A verified feasibility study of the developed method is also presented.
Intersecting D3-D3' system at finite temperature
Cottrell, William; Hashimoto, Akikazu; Loveridge, Andrew; Pettengill, Duncan
2015-01-01
We analyze the embedding of probe D3'-brane in the background of $N$ D3-branes at finite temperature, oriented such that they overlap in 1+1 dimensions. As the distance between the D3'-brane and the D3 brane is varied, we find solutions that appear to intersect the horizon. We find that this brane bends logarithmically, making the precise definition of the distance separating the D3 and the D3' brane scale dependent. We also consider the embedding of a probe M5-brane in the background of $N$ M2-branes at finite temperature, for which the logarithmic bending is absent. These systems appear to open a path to probe physics near and behind the black hole horizon in a strictly field theoretic framework.
Structures du cube et fibres d'intersection
Ducrot, F
1997-01-01
We define the notion of a hypercube structure on a functor between two strictly commutative Picard categories which generalizes the notion of a cube structure on a $G_m$-torsor over an abelian scheme. We use this notion to define the intersection bundle of $n+1$ line bundles on a relative scheme $X/S$ of relative dimension $n$ and to construct an additive structure on the functor $I_{X/S}:PIC(X/S)^{n+1}\\F PIC(S)$. Finally, we study a section of $I_{X/S}(L_1,...,L_{n+1})$ which generalizes the resultant of $n+1$ polynomials in $n$ variables and we interprete some classical formulas with this formalism.
Capacity Reliability of Signalized Intersections with Mixed Traffic Conditions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Xiaoming; SHAO Chunfu; LI Da; DONG Chunjiao
2009-01-01
The reliability of capacity of signalized intersections in mixed traffic conditions involving vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians was investigated to complete the conventional, deterministic capacity calculations. Simulations using VISSIM provided estimates of capacity distributions, and demonstrated the effects of the analysis intervals on the distributions. With the random vehicle arrivals taken into account, a capacity reli-ability assessment method was given as a function. Assessments were also performed regarding the effects of the conflicting pedestrian and bicycle volumes on capacity reliability. The simulation indicates that the pe-destrians and bicycles result in greater random fluctuations of exclusive tuming lane capacities, but have less effect on the variability of shared lane capacities. Normal distributions can be used to model the capaci-ties for intervals not less than 10 min. At higher vehicular volumes, the capacity reliability is more sensitive to the mean and standard deviation of the pedestrian and bicycle volumes.
Constrained optimal steady-state control for isolated traffic intersections
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jack HADDAD; David MAHALEL; Ilya IOSLOVICH; Per-Olof GUTMAN
2014-01-01
The steady-state or cyclic control problem for a simplified isolated traffic intersection is considered. The optimization problem for the green-red switching sequence is formulated with the help of a discrete-event max-plus model. Two steady-state control problems are formulated: optimal steady-state with green duration constraints, and optimal steady-state control with lost time. In the case when the criterion is a strictly increasing, linear function of the queue lengths, the steady-state control problems can be solved analytically. The structure of constrained optimal steady-state traffic control is revealed, and the effect of the lost time on the optimal solution is illustrated.
Urban Intersection Traffic Signal Control Based on Fuzzy Logic
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
魏武; 张毅; 张佐; 宋靖雁
2002-01-01
This paper presents a fuzzy logic adaptive traffic signal control method for an isolated four-approach intersection with through and left-turning movements. In the proposed method, the fuzzy logic controller can make adjustments to signal timing in response to observed changes. The "urgency degree" term that can describe different user's demands for a green light is used in the fuzzy logic decision-making. In addition, a three-level fuzzy controller model decides whether to extend or terminate the current signal phase and the sequence of phases. Simulation results show that the fuzzy controller can adjust its signal timing in response to changing traffic conditions on a real-time basis and that the proposed fuzzy logic controller leads to less vehicle delays and a lower percentage of stopped vehicles.
Holography, brane intersections and six-dimensional SCFTs
Bobev, Nikolay; Dibitetto, Giuseppe; Gautason, Friðrik Freyr; Truijen, Brecht
2017-02-01
We study supersymmetric intersections of NS5-, D6- and D8-branes in type IIA string theory. We focus on the supergravity description of this system and identify a "near horizon" limit in which we recover the recently classified supersymmetric seven-dimensional AdS solutions of massive type IIA supergravity. Using a consistent truncation to seven-dimensional gauged supergravity we construct a universal supersymmetric deformation of these AdS vacua. In the holographic dual six-dimensional (1,0) superconformal field theory this deformation describes a universal RG flow on the tensor branch of the vacuum moduli space triggered by a vacuum expectation value for a protected scalar operator of dimension four.
Supersymmetric Composite Models on Intersecting D-branes
Kitazawa, N
2004-01-01
We construct supersymmetric composite models of quarks and leptons from type IIA T^6/(Z_2 x Z_2) orientifolds with intersecting D6-branes. In case of T^6 = T^2 x T^2 x T^2 with no tilted T^2, a composite model of the supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified theory with three generations is constructed. In case of that one T^2 is tilted, a composite model with SU(3)_c x SU(2)_L x U(1)_Y gauge symmetry with three generations is constructed. These models are not realistic, but contain fewer additional exotic particles and U(1) gauge symmetries due to the introduction of the compositeness of quarks and leptons. The mu-term of Higgs fields can be naturally generated through the exponentially suppressed Yukawa interaction among "preons".
A Comparison of Tram Priority at Signalized Intersections
Zhang, Lele
2013-01-01
We study tram priority at signalized intersections using a stochastic cellular automaton model for multimodal traffic flow. We simulate realistic traffic signal systems, which include signal linking and adaptive cycle lengths and split plans, with different levels of tram priority. We find that tram priority can improve service performance in terms of both average travel time and travel time variability. We consider two main types of tram priority, which we refer to as full and partial priority. Full tram priority is able to guarantee service quality even when traffic is saturated, however, it results in significant costs to other road users. Partial tram priority significantly reduces tram delays while having limited impact on other traffic, and therefore achieves a better result in terms of the overall network performance. We also study variations in which the tram priority is only enforced when trams are running behind schedule, and we find that those variations retain almost all of the benefit for tram op...
The intersection of identity, culture and science engagement
Strong, LaToya
2016-06-01
Ivã Gurgel, Mauricio Pietrocola, and Graciella Watanabe expand upon the existing literature, which links identity and science engagement. Specifically, the authors focus on ways in which the cultural identities of students relate to their engagement in physics. In doing so, Gurgel, Pietrocola, and Watanabe further build upon the idea that one's identity is not immutable, but rather is continually re-constituted throughout life. Employing the lens of ontological authenticity, the authors use three interventions with the purpose of revealing the intersection of students' cultural identity and science. In this paper I extend the dialogue on how we can further explore the link between identity and science engagement, starting first with a consideration of student identity and its significance, before extending this inquiry into the specific field of science.
Emotional Speech Processing at the Intersection of Prosody and Semantics
Rachel Schwartz; Pell, Marc D.
2012-01-01
The ability to accurately perceive emotions is crucial for effective social interaction. Many questions remain regarding how different sources of emotional cues in speech (e.g., prosody, semantic information) are processed during emotional communication. Using a cross-modal emotional priming paradigm (Facial affect decision task), we compared the relative contributions of processing utterances with single-channel (prosody-only) versus multi-channel (prosody and semantic) cues on the perceptio...
Application of Mixed-Methods Approaches to Higher Education and Intersectional Analyses
Griffin, Kimberly A.; Museus, Samuel D.
2011-01-01
In this article, the authors discuss the utility of combining quantitative and qualitative methods in conducting intersectional analyses. First, they discuss some of the paradigmatic underpinnings of qualitative and quantitative research, and how these methods can be used in intersectional analyses. They then consider how paradigmatic pragmatism…
Characteristics of traffic flow at a non-signalized intersection in the framework of game theory
Fan, Hongqiang; Jia, Bin; Tian, Junfang; Yun, Lifen
2014-12-01
At a non-signalized intersection, some vehicles violate the traffic rules to pass the intersection as soon as possible. These behaviors may cause many traffic conflicts even traffic accidents. In this paper, a simulation model is proposed to research the effects of these behaviors at a non-signalized intersection. Vehicle’s movement is simulated by the cellular automaton (CA) model. The game theory is introduced for simulating the intersection dynamics. Two types of driver participate the game process: cooperator (C) and defector (D). The cooperator obey the traffic rules, but the defector does not. A transition process may occur when the cooperator is waiting before the intersection. The critical value of waiting time follows the Weibull distribution. One transition regime is found in the phase diagram. The simulation results illustrate the applicability of the proposed model and reveal a number of interesting insights into the intersection management, including that the existence of defectors is benefit for the capacity of intersection, but also reduce the safety of intersection.
Intersection numbers on the relative Hilbert schemes of points on surfaces
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gholampour, Amin; Sheshmani, Artan
2015-01-01
We study certain top intersection products on the Hilbert scheme of points on a nonsingular surface relative to an effective smooth divisor. We find a formula relating these numbers to the corresponding intersection numbers on the non-relative Hilbert schemes. In particular, we obtain a relative...
Bubar, Roe; Cespedes, Karina; Bundy-Fazioli, Kimberly
2016-01-01
In 2008 EPAS Standards on "Engaging Diversity and Difference in Practice" (2.1.4) added intersectionality (a theory developed by feminist of color) as one aspect to understand diversity, difference, and power in social work curriculum. We consider how intersectionality is omitted in graduate student learning even when class assignments…
Louveton, Nicolas; Bootsma, Reinoud J; Guerin, Perrine; Berthelon, Catherine; Montagne, Gilles
2012-11-01
Safely crossing an intersection requires that drivers actively control their approach to the intersection with respect to characteristics of the flow of incoming traffic. To further our understanding of the perceptual-motor processes involved in this demanding manoeuvre, we designed a driving simulator experiment in which 13 participants actively negotiated intersections by passing through a gap in the train of incoming traffic. Task constraints were manipulated by varying the size of the traffic gap and the initial conditions with respect to the time of arrival of the traffic gap at the intersection. Environment constraints were manipulated by varying the intersection geometry through changes in the angle formed by the crossroads. The results revealed that the task constraints systematically gave rise to continuous and gradual adjustments in approach velocity, initiated well before arriving at the intersection. These functionally appropriate adjustments allowed the drivers to safely cross the intersection, generally just slightly ahead of the center of the traffic gap. Notwithstanding the fact that the geometry of the intersection did not affect the spatiotemporal constraints of the crossing task, approach behavior varied systematically over geometries, suggesting that drivers rely on the traffic gap's bearing angle. Overall, the pattern of results is indicative of a continuous coupling between perception and action, analogous to that observed in locomotor interception tasks.
Effects of vehicle-pedestrian interaction and speed limit on traffic performance of intersections
Li, Xiang; Sun, Jian-Qiao
2016-10-01
The intersection model consisting of vehicle model, pedestrian model, pedestrian-vehicle interaction model and intersection rules has been presented in this paper. The well-established vehicle and pedestrian movement models in the literature are combined and applied to the intersection system with additional rules. Extensive numerical simulations with different scenarios are carried out. The effects of road speed limit, vehicle arrival rate, pedestrian regularity rate and vehicle rational rate on the intersection performance are quantitatively investigated. Three measures of the traffic performance are studied including transportation efficiency, energy economy and traffic safety. We have found that the energy economy can be achieved with the high transportation efficiency, and that the traffic safety is in conflict with the efficiency. Furthermore, we have found that the pedestrian interference makes the intersection performance worse, resulting in lower transportation efficiency, more energy consumptions and higher safety risk.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nenov, Artur; Vivie-Riedle, Regina de [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univerisitaet, Munich (Germany)
2011-07-21
The knowledge of the intersection space topography of electronic states is essential for deciphering and predicting photoinduced reactions. Michl and Bonacic-Koutecky developed a two-electron two-orbital model that allowed first systematic studies of the chemical origin of conical intersections in strongly polar systems. We generalize this approach to arbitrary functionalized and unfunctionalized polyene systems. For the extended model, a set of mathematical conditions for the formation of conical intersections are derived. These conditions are translated into geometrical motions and electronic effects, which help to explain and predict the structure and energetics of conical intersections. A three-step strategy for the conceptual search of conical intersections is outlined. Its universal validity is demonstrated using the textbook example cyclohexadiene and its functionalized derivative trifluoromethyl-indolylfulgide, a chromophore studied for possible application as a molecular switch.
Nenov, Artur; de Vivie-Riedle, Regina
2011-07-01
The knowledge of the intersection space topography of electronic states is essential for deciphering and predicting photoinduced reactions. Michl and Bonac̆ić-Koutecký developed a two-electron two-orbital model that allowed first systematic studies of the chemical origin of conical intersections in strongly polar systems. We generalize this approach to arbitrary functionalized and unfunctionalized polyene systems. For the extended model, a set of mathematical conditions for the formation of conical intersections are derived. These conditions are translated into geometrical motions and electronic effects, which help to explain and predict the structure and energetics of conical intersections. A three-step strategy for the conceptual search of conical intersections is outlined. Its universal validity is demonstrated using the textbook example cyclohexadiene and its functionalized derivative trifluoromethyl-indolylfulgide, a chromophore studied for possible application as a molecular switch.
Emotional speech processing at the intersection of prosody and semantics.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rachel Schwartz
Full Text Available The ability to accurately perceive emotions is crucial for effective social interaction. Many questions remain regarding how different sources of emotional cues in speech (e.g., prosody, semantic information are processed during emotional communication. Using a cross-modal emotional priming paradigm (Facial affect decision task, we compared the relative contributions of processing utterances with single-channel (prosody-only versus multi-channel (prosody and semantic cues on the perception of happy, sad, and angry emotional expressions. Our data show that emotional speech cues produce robust congruency effects on decisions about an emotionally related face target, although no processing advantage occurred when prime stimuli contained multi-channel as opposed to single-channel speech cues. Our data suggest that utterances with prosodic cues alone and utterances with combined prosody and semantic cues both activate knowledge that leads to emotional congruency (priming effects, but that the convergence of these two information sources does not always heighten access to this knowledge during emotional speech processing.
Emotional speech processing at the intersection of prosody and semantics.
Schwartz, Rachel; Pell, Marc D
2012-01-01
The ability to accurately perceive emotions is crucial for effective social interaction. Many questions remain regarding how different sources of emotional cues in speech (e.g., prosody, semantic information) are processed during emotional communication. Using a cross-modal emotional priming paradigm (Facial affect decision task), we compared the relative contributions of processing utterances with single-channel (prosody-only) versus multi-channel (prosody and semantic) cues on the perception of happy, sad, and angry emotional expressions. Our data show that emotional speech cues produce robust congruency effects on decisions about an emotionally related face target, although no processing advantage occurred when prime stimuli contained multi-channel as opposed to single-channel speech cues. Our data suggest that utterances with prosodic cues alone and utterances with combined prosody and semantic cues both activate knowledge that leads to emotional congruency (priming) effects, but that the convergence of these two information sources does not always heighten access to this knowledge during emotional speech processing.
Linear Determination of a Camera's Intrinsic Parameters Using Two Intersecting Circles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xu Chen
2014-03-01
Full Text Available An approach using two intersecting circles is proposed as a linear approach for determining a camera's intrinsic parameters. The two intersecting coplanar circles have four intersection points in the projective plane: two real points and two circular points. In the image plane, the diagonal triangle - on which the image of the four intersection points composes a complete quadrangle - is a self-polar triangle for the projection curves of the circles. The vertex of the self-polar triangle is the null space of the degenerate conic formed by the image of the four intersection points. By solving the three vertices of the self-polar triangle using the image coordinates of the two real intersection points, the degenerate conic can be obtained. The image of the two circular points is then computed from the intersection points of the degenerate conic. Using the image of the circular points from the three images of the same planar pattern with different directions, the intrinsic parameters can be linearly determined.
On $k$-connectivity and minimum vertex degree in random $s$-intersection graphs
Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil
2014-01-01
Random s-intersection graphs have recently received much interest [1-9]. In a random s-intersection graph, each vertex is assigned to a set of items in some manner, and two vertices have an edge in between if and only if they share at least s items. In particular, in a uniform random s-intersection graph, each vertex independently selects the same number of items uniformly at random from a common item pool, while in a binomial random s-intersection graph, each item in some item pool is independently attached to each vertex with the same probability. These two graph models have numerous applications; e.g., using uniform random s-intersection graph for cryptanalysis [14,15], and to model secure wireless sensor networks [8-10] and online social networks [11,12], and using a binomial random s-intersection graph for clustering analysis [17], classification [18] and the design of integrated circuits [34]. For binomial/uniform random s-intersection graphs, we present results related to k-connectivity and minimum ver...
The Kinematic Density for Pairs of Intersecting Lines%相交直线偶的运动密度
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谢鹏; 谢可瑶; 程孟良
2008-01-01
In this paper,we get a kinematic density formula for pairs of intersecting fines which has not yet been gotten in integral geometry by using the moving orthogonal frames method.And we obtain a kinematic formula of the intersection of the pairs of intersecting lines belonging to convex body K by using it.
Fluid flow and dissipation in intersecting counter-flow pipes
Pekkan, Kerem
2005-11-01
Intersecting pipe junctions are common in industrial and biomedical flows. For the later application, standard surgical connections of vessel lumens results a ``+'' shaped topology through a side-to-side or end-to-side anastomosis. Our earlier experimental/computational studies have compared different geometries quantifying the hydrodynamic power loss through the junction where dominant coherent structures are identified. In this study we have calculated the contribution of these structures to the total energy dissipation and its spatial distribution in the connection. A large set of idealized models are studied in which the basic geometric configuration is parametrically varied (from side-to-side to end-to-side anastomosis) which quantified the strength of the secondary flows and coherent structures as a function of the geometric configuration. Steady-state, 3D, incompressible computations are performed using the commercial CFD code FIDAP with unstructured tetrahedral grids. Selected cases are compared with the in-house code results (in Cartesian and structured grids). Grid verification and experimental validation with flow-vis and PIV are presented. Identifying the dissipation hot-spots will enable a targeted inverse design of the junction by reducing the degree of optimization with a focused parameter space.
USING COVARIANCE INTERSECTION FOR CHANGE DETECTION IN REMOTE SENSING IMAGES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yang Meng; Zhang Gong
2011-01-01
In this paper,an unsupervised change detection technique for remote sensing images acquired on the same geographical area but at different time instances is proposed by conducting Covariance Intersection (CI) to perform unsupervised fusion of the final fuzzy partition matrices from the Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering for the feature space by applying compressed sampling to the given remote sensing images.The proposed approach exploits a CI-based data fusion of the membership function matrices,which are obtained by taking the Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering of the frequency-domain feature vectors and spatial-domain feature vectors,aimed at enhancing the unsupervised change detection performance.Compressed sampling is performed to realize the image local feature sampling,which is a signal acquisition framework based on the revelation that a small collection of linear projections of a sparse signal contains enough information for stable recovery.The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm has a good change detection results and also performs quite well on denoising purpose.
An extended car-following model at signalized intersections
Yu, Shaowei; Shi, Zhongke
2014-08-01
To simulate car-following behaviors better when the traffic light is red, three successive car-following data at a signalized intersection of Jinan in China were collected by using a new proposed data acquisition method and then analyzed to select input variables of the extended car-following model. An extended car-following model considering two leading cars' accelerations was proposed, calibrated and verified with field data obtained on the basis of the full velocity difference model and then a comparative model used for comparative research was also proposed and calibrated in the light of the GM model. The results indicate that the extended car-following model could fit measured data well, and that the fitting precision of the extended model is prior to the comparative model, whose mean absolute error is reduced by 22.83%. Finally a theoretical car-following model considering multiple leading cars' accelerations was put forward which has potential applicable to vehicle automation system and vehicle safety early warning system, and then the linear stability analysis and numerical simulations were conducted to analyze some observed physical features existing in the realistic traffic.
Divine Intersections: Hindu Ritual and the Incorporation of Religious Others
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kathinka Frøystad
2012-08-01
Full Text Available This article throws the study of multireligious sociality in Western contexts into sharp relief by examining the case of India. Much of the current scholarship of cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism tends to assume that religious beliefs, practices and spaces make the respective religious communities close entirely in upon themselves. While this assumption may hold true for most of the Western settings we study, it does not necessarily give an accurate description of the conditions for multireligious sociality in other parts of the world. In India, for instance, religious boundaries still display signs of malleability despite the religious politicization and occasional interreligious violence of the past decades. Drawing on recent anthropological research, this article shows that people of different religious denominations still visit Sufi shrines, that Hindus still incorporate ritual elements and divine beings from the religious traditions of their Others and that they exercise a wide personal choice in terms of spiritual activities, thus enabling spiritual paths that cross in and out of Hinduism. In a Hindu context rituals do not necessarily have an insulating effect; they may also provide points of intersection that open up toward the Other, thus fostering familiarity and recognition. Similar arguments have been made for Buddhist settings. The question is thus whether the current scholarship of cosmopolitanism may entail a certain monotheistic bias that needs to accounted for, something that is of particular importance when theorizing in ways that make universal claims.
Cognitive engineering and health informatics: Applications and intersections.
Hettinger, A Zachary; Roth, Emilie M; Bisantz, Ann M
2017-03-01
Cognitive engineering is an applied field with roots in both cognitive science and engineering that has been used to support design of information displays, decision support, human-automation interaction, and training in numerous high risk domains ranging from nuclear power plant control to transportation and defense systems. Cognitive engineering provides a set of structured, analytic methods for data collection and analysis that intersect with and complement methods of Cognitive Informatics. These methods support discovery of aspects of the work that make performance challenging, as well as the knowledge, skills, and strategies that experts use to meet those challenges. Importantly, cognitive engineering methods provide novel representations that highlight the inherent complexities of the work domain and traceable links between the results of cognitive analyses and actionable design requirements. This article provides an overview of relevant cognitive engineering methods, and illustrates how they have been applied to the design of health information technology (HIT) systems. Additionally, although cognitive engineering methods have been applied in the design of user-centered informatics systems, methods drawn from informatics are not typically incorporated into a cognitive engineering analysis. This article presents a discussion regarding ways in which data-rich methods can inform cognitive engineering.
Anthropology and cultural neuroscience: creating productive intersections in parallel fields.
Brown, R A; Seligman, R
2009-01-01
Partly due to the failure of anthropology to productively engage the fields of psychology and neuroscience, investigations in cultural neuroscience have occurred largely without the active involvement of anthropologists or anthropological theory. Dramatic advances in the tools and findings of social neuroscience have emerged in parallel with significant advances in anthropology that connect social and political-economic processes with fine-grained descriptions of individual experience and behavior. We describe four domains of inquiry that follow from these recent developments, and provide suggestions for intersections between anthropological tools - such as social theory, ethnography, and quantitative modeling of cultural models - and cultural neuroscience. These domains are: the sociocultural construction of emotion, status and dominance, the embodiment of social information, and the dual social and biological nature of ritual. Anthropology can help locate unique or interesting populations and phenomena for cultural neuroscience research. Anthropological tools can also help "drill down" to investigate key socialization processes accountable for cross-group differences. Furthermore, anthropological research points at meaningful underlying complexity in assumed relationships between social forces and biological outcomes. Finally, ethnographic knowledge of cultural content can aid with the development of ecologically relevant stimuli for use in experimental protocols.
Hutson, Susan M; Islam, Mohammad Mainul; Zaganas, Ioannis
2011-09-01
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) catabolism follows sequential reactions and their metabolites intersect with other metabolic pathways. The initial enzymes in BCAA metabolism, the mitochondrial branched-chain aminotransferase (BCATm), which deaminates the BCAAs to branched-chain α-keto acids (BCKAs); and the branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase enzyme complex (BCKDC), which oxidatively decarboxylates the BCKAs, are organized in a supramolecular complex termed metabolon. Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH1) is found in the metabolon in rat tissues. Bovine GDH1 binds to the pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate (PMP)-form of human BCATm (PMP-BCATm) but not to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-BCATm in vitro. This protein interaction facilitates reamination of the α-ketoglutarate (αKG) product of the GDH1 oxidative deamination reaction. Human GDH1 appears to act like bovine GDH1 but human GDH2 does not show the same enhancement of BCKDC enzyme activities. Another metabolic enzyme is also found in the metabolon is pyruvate carboxylase (PC). Kinetic results suggest that PC binds to the E1 decarboxylase of BCKDC but does not effect BCAA catabolism. The protein interaction of BCATm and GDH1 promotes regeneration of PLP-BCATm which then binds to BCKDC resulting in channeling of the BCKA products from BCATm first half reaction to E1 and promoting BCAA oxidation and net nitrogen transfer from BCAAs. The cycling of nitrogen through glutamate via the actions of BCATm and GDH1 releases free ammonia. Formation of ammonia may be important for astrocyte glutamine synthesis in the central nervous system. In peripheral tissue association of BCATm and GDH1 would promote BCAA oxidation at physiologically relevant BCAA concentrations.
Bauer, Greta R
2014-06-01
Intersectionality theory, developed to address the non-additivity of effects of sex/gender and race/ethnicity but extendable to other domains, allows for the potential to study health and disease at different intersections of identity, social position, processes of oppression or privilege, and policies or institutional practices. Intersectionality has the potential to enrich population health research through improved validity and greater attention to both heterogeneity of effects and causal processes producing health inequalities. Moreover, intersectional population health research may serve to both test and generate new theories. Nevertheless, its implementation within health research to date has been primarily through qualitative research. In this paper, challenges to incorporation of intersectionality into population health research are identified or expanded upon. These include: 1) confusion of quantitative terms used metaphorically in theoretical work with similar-sounding statistical methods; 2) the question of whether all intersectional positions are of equal value, or even of sufficient value for study; 3) distinguishing between intersecting identities, social positions, processes, and policies or other structural factors; 4) reflecting embodiment in how processes of oppression and privilege are measured and analysed; 5) understanding and utilizing appropriate scale for interactions in regression models; 6) structuring interaction or risk modification to best convey effects, and; 7) avoiding assumptions of equidistance or single level in the design of analyses. Addressing these challenges throughout the processes of conceptualizing and planning research and in conducting analyses has the potential to improve researchers' ability to more specifically document inequalities at varying intersectional positions, and to study the potential individual- and group-level causes that may drive these observed inequalities. A greater and more thoughtful incorporation
Photonic Crystal Waveguide Intersection Based on Self-Imaging of Multi-Mode Interference
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DING Wei-Qiang; TANG Dong-Hua; CHEN Li-Xue; ZHAO Yuan; Liu Yan
2007-01-01
@@ A new mechanism of intersection formed by two line defect photonic crystal (PC) waveguides are numerically investigated using the finite-difference time-domain method. The results show that the normalized crosstalk is smaller than 10-4; the reflection is smaller than 10-3, and the transmission is larger than 0.999. The authors analyse the physical origins and find that a modified self-imaging process in the intersected multi-mode region is the main reason of the excellent performance. This kind of multi-mode interference based intersection may find potential applications in PC optical circuits.
An Examination of the Sequence of Intersecting Seal and Laser Printing Toner Line.
Li, Biao; Ouyang, Guoliang
2017-03-01
Examining the sequence of intersecting seal and laser printing line is a significant method of determining the authenticity and validity of documents. In this study, five brands of stamp pad inks, three types of inkpads and seven kinds of laser printers were used to make heterogeneous line intersections. Observation method of physical characteristics, scraping technique and fluorescence method was used to determine the sequence of intersecting lines. Distinguishing features were noted between the materials produced in both sequences. As the results obtained from the study were positive, these features might provide a scientific basis for accurately determining the sequence between laser printing line and inkpad (stamp pad ink) seal.
A secure multi-party computation solution to intersection problems of sets and rectangles
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Shundong; DAI Yiqi; WANG Daoshun; LUO Ping
2006-01-01
Secure multi-party computation (SMC) is a research focus in international cryptographic community. At present, there is no SMC solution to the intersection problem of sets. In this paper, we first propose a SMC solution to this problem. Applying Cantor encoding method to computational geometry problems, and based on the solution to set-intersection problem, we further propose solutions to points inclusion problem and intersection problem of rectangles and further prove their privacy-preserving property with widely accepted simulation paradigm. Compared with the known solutions, these new solutions are of less computational complexity and less communication complexity, and have obvious superiority in computational and communication complexity.
Optimal traffic light control method for a single intersection based on hybrid systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵晓华; 陈阳舟; 崔平远
2003-01-01
A single intersection of two phases is selected as a model to put forward a new optimal time-planning scheme for traffic light based on the model of hybrid automata for single intersection. A method of optimization is proposed for hybrid systems, and the average queue length over all queues is used as an objective function to find an optimal switching scheme for traffic light. It is illustrated that traffic light control for single intersection is a typical hybrid system, and the optimal planning-time scheme can be obtained using the optimal hybrid systems control based on the two stages method.
Rao, B. Jayachander; Gelin, Maxim F.; Domcke, Wolfgang
2017-02-01
We theoretically investigate the feasibility of characterizing conical intersections with time-resolved resonant femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy (FSRS) using an intense actinic pump pulse. We perform nonperturbative numerical simulations of FSRS signals for a three-electronic-state two-vibrational-mode model, which is inspired by the S 2 ( π π * )- S 1 ( n π * ) conical intersection in pyrazine. Our results show that moderately strong actinic pulses increase the intensity of vibrational fingerprint lines in FSRS transients. They facilitate the extraction of useful spectroscopic information by enhancing peaks revealing the coupling and tuning modes of the conical intersection.
Capability to care and work: when dual roles intersect
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Barbara Horrell
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Ageing in place is a cost-effective policy solution to eldercare that reflects a dominant positive ageing discourse of choice and independence. It satisfies older people's preference to remain at home and be involved in their community, but depends upon the provision of care and support for frail elders, particularly the oldest-old, who require assistance to achieve these goals. The traditional provision of unpaid eldercare by female relatives is changing as women are increasingly working outside the home, and they have to choose between, or manage, dual roles of caregiving and paid work. Negative effects on health, paid employment, and finances are associated with the intersection of eldercare and employment. Solutions involve reducing or relinquishing paid employment, which would have financial, social, physical, and emotional ramifications in the future. However, being able to successfully accommodate both roles provides a sense of satisfaction and fulfilment. To understand the complexity of managing the tension between work and eldercare requires a detailed analysis of unpaid caregivers’ daily lives. This paper presents findings about eldercare provision and paid work, derived from two qualitative studies that used a participatory methodology for an in-depth exploration of caregivers’ health. The participants’ stories demonstrate that rather than reflecting on access to a range of options, caregivers’ choices are constrained, and involve trading work and other capabilities for the capability to care. Providing care for a loved elder was the first priority, followed by paid work. Having the capability to maintain a healthy and balanced life was the caregivers’ lowest priority. Unpaid informal care has benefits for elders, and it is a valued emotional relationship for caregivers; however, future social policy should address the difficulties that caregiving creates in people's lives along with focusing on the benefits that such care
Massachusetts Bay - Internal Wave Packets Digitized from SAR Imagery and Intersected with Bathymetry
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This feature class contains internal wave packets digitized from SAR imagery and intersected with bathymetry for Massachusetts Bay. The internal wave packets were...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This feature class contains internal wave packets digitized from SAR imagery and intersected with tidal zones for Massachusetts Bay. The internal wave packets were...
Haskins, Natoya H.; Ziomek-Daigle, Jolie; Sewell, Cheryl; Crumb, Lonika; Appling, Brandee; Trepal, Heather
2016-01-01
Using phenomenological inquiry, this study explored the lived experiences and intersecting identities of 8 African American counselor educators who are mothers. Six themes were identified: race, professional strain, work-life balance, support, internalized success, and mothering pedagogy.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Zhanli; SUN Xiuying
2006-01-01
VRML(Virtual Reality Modeling Language) format as an international standard for virtual reality, has already been widely adopted for graphical representation of 3D objects over the Web. Adopting VRML model in RP(Rapid Prototyping) can reduce the precision loss which is caused by triangulation in generating STL file. Hence exploring a slicing method and developing a slicing software for VRML model is important and significant to improve the accuracy of RP products. Finding intersections of a plane and VRML model is the key operation in slicing algorithm. This paper presents a method for calculating the intersections between a set of parallel planes and VRML geometric primitives. Based on the analysis of the relative position between a plane and a geometric primitive, intersection conditions in all cases were obtained, and the geometric parameters and corresponding equations of intersections were derived. The algorithm had been tested, and applications show that it is robust and effective.
Monocular trajectory intersection method for 3D motion measurement of a point target
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2009-01-01
This article proposes a monocular trajectory intersection method,a videometrics measurement with a mature theoretical system to solve the 3D motion parameters of a point target.It determines the target’s motion parameters including its 3D trajectory and velocity by intersecting the parametric trajectory of a motion target and series of sight-rays by which a motion camera observes the target,in contrast with the regular intersection method for 3D measurement by which the sight-rays intersect at one point.The method offers an approach to overcome the technical failure of traditional monocular measurements for the 3D motion of a point target and thus extends the application fields of photogrammetry and computer vision.Wide application is expected in passive observations of motion targets on various mobile beds.
Monocular trajectory intersection method for 3D motion measurement of a point target
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YU QiFeng; SHANG Yang; ZHOU Jian; ZHANG XiaoHu; LI LiChun
2009-01-01
This article proposes a monocular trajectory intersection method,a videometrics measurement with a mature theoretical system to solve the 3D motion parameters of a point target.It determines the target's motion parameters including its 3D trajectory and velocity by intersecting the parametric trajectory of a motion target and series of sight-rays by which a motion camera observes the target,in contrast with the regular intersection method for 3D measurement by which the sight-rays intersect at one point.The method offers an approach to overcome the technical failure of traditional monocular measurements for the 3D motion of a point target and thus extends the application fields of photogrammetry and computer vision.Wide application is expected in passive observations of motion targets on various mobile beds.
EnviroAtlas Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads Web Service
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in each EnviroAtlas community....
Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil
2015-01-01
Random intersection graphs have received much interest and been used in diverse applications. They are naturally induced in modeling secure sensor networks under random key predistribution schemes, as well as in modeling the topologies of social networks including common-interest networks, collaboration networks, and actor networks. Simply put, a random intersection graph is constructed by assigning each node a set of items in some random manner and then putting an edge between any two nodes that share a certain number of items. Broadly speaking, our work is about analyzing random intersection graphs, and models generated by composing it with other random graph models including random geometric graphs and Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'enyi graphs. These compositional models are introduced to capture the characteristics of various complex natural or man-made networks more accurately than the existing models in the literature. For random intersection graphs and their compositions with other random graphs, we study properties su...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiaomeng Li
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The operational efficiency and safety of pedestrian flows at intersections is an important aspect of urban traffic. Particularly, conflicts between pedestrians and vehicles in crosswalk are one of the most influential factors for intersection safety. This paper presents a cellular automata model that simulates pedestrian and vehicle crossing behaviors at signalized intersections. Through the simulation, we investigate the effects of different pedestrian signal timing and crosswalk widths on the crosswalk capacity, the number of traffic conflicts between pedestrians and vehicles, and pedestrian delay due to the conflicts. The simulation results indicate that the cellular automata is an effective simulation platform for investigating complex pedestrian-related traffic phenomenon at signalized intersections.
Intersecting Non-extreme p-Branes and Linear Dilaton Background
Chen, C M; Ohta, N; Chen, Chiang-Mei; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V.; Ohta, Nobuyoshi
2005-01-01
We construct the general static solution to the supergravity action containing gravity, the dilaton and a set of antisymmetric forms describing the intersecting branes delocalized in the relative transverse dimensions. The solution is obtained by reducing the system to a set of separate Liouville equations (the intersection rules implying the separability); it contains the maximal number of free parameters corresponding to the rank of the differential equations. Imposing the requirement of the absence of naked singularities, we show that the general configurations are restricted to two and only two classes: the usual asymptotically flat intersecting branes, and the intersecting branes some of which are asymptotically flat and some approach the linear dilaton background at infinity. In both cases the configurations are black. These are supposed to be relevant for the description of the thermal phase of the QFT's in the corresponding Domain-Wall/QFT duality.
Bicycle Conversion Factor Calibration at Two-Phase Intersections in Mixed Traffic Flows
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dianhai; LIANG Chunyan; JING Chunguang; WANG Guohua
2007-01-01
Chinese traffic is typically composed of bicycles and motor vehicles on the same road. The efficiency of bicycle traffic in time and space at intersections was investigated for eight typical intersections in the cities of Tianjin, Shenyang, and Changchun, all in China, by means of video recording. Models were developed to calculate the through bicycle traffic and the left-turn bicycle traffic conversion factors in intersections where bicycles and motor vehicles share the same road. The results indicate that the through bicycle conversion factor is 0.28 and the left-turn bicycle conversion factor is 0.33. This conclusion differs from the current value used in China. More research on the conversion factor is necessary to evaluate the impact of intersections.
Non-adiabatic dynamics close to conical intersections and the surface hopping perspective
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
João Pedro eMalhado
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Conical intersections play a major role in the current understanding of electronic de-excitation in polyatomic molecules, and thus in the description of photochemistry and photo physics of molecular systems. This article reviews aspects of the basic theory underlying the description of non-adiabatic transitions at conical intersections, with particular emphasis on the important case when the dynamics of the nuclei are treated classically. Within this classical nuclear motion framework, the main aspects of the surface hopping methodology in the conical intersection context are presented. The emerging picture from this treatment is that of electronic transitions around conical intersections dominated by the interplay of the nuclear velocity and the derivative non-adiabatic coupling vector field.
On intersection of two embedded spheres in 3-space (Russian version)
Rukhovich, Alexey
2011-01-01
We study intersection of two polyhedral spheres without self-intersections in 3-space. We find necessary and sufficient conditions on sequences x = x_1,x_2,...,x_n, y = y_1,y_2,...,y_n of positive integers, for existence of 2-dimensional polyhedra f,g in R^3 homeomorphic to the sphere and such that * f-g has n connected components, of which the i-th one has x_i neighbors in f and * g-f has n connected components, of which the i-th one has y_i neighbors in g. Analogously we study intersection of three polyhedral spheres without self-intersections in 3-space. Russian version is accessible to high-school teachers and students interested in mathematics.
Open intersection numbers, Kontsevich--Penner model and cut-and-join operators
Alexandrov, Alexander
2014-01-01
We continue our investigation of the Kontsevich--Penner model, which describes intersection theory on moduli spaces both for open and closed curves. In particular, we show how Buryak's residue formula, which connects two generating functions of intersection numbers, appears in the general context of matrix models and tau-functions. This allows us to prove that the Kontsevich--Penner matrix integral indeed describes open intersection numbers. For arbitrary $N$ we show that the string and dilaton equations completely specify the solution of the KP hierarchy. We derive a complete family of the Virasoro and W-constraints and using these constraints we construct the cut-and-join operators. The case $N=1$, corresponding to open intersection numbers, is particularly interesting: for this case we obtain two different families of the Virasoro constraints, so that the difference between them describes the dependence of the tau-function on even times.
Using Expert System Rules to establish data on Intersec-tions and Turns in Road Networks
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Otto Anker; Simonsen, Nikolaj; Frederiksen, Rasmus Dyhr
1997-01-01
modelling to an existing network. The method requires a GIS-based network with link attributes as input data. The method has developed as an extension tool applicable to existing networks and therefore supply of additional data is normally not required.. By a set of ‘expert system rules’, the intersections......, although some edits had to be made manually. This was mainly the case for roundabouts and for intersections with a very special geometry. In conclusion, the method greatly reduced the burden establishing data sets for intersection delay modelling in urban traffic networks....... consuming and tedious data preparation together with the complexity of network updating is the main reason for this, as most applied software packages can do the necessary calculations. In this paper we report on the development of a procedure that can automate the task of adding data for intersection delay...
Empirical Analysis and Modeling of Stop-Line Crossing Time and Speed at Signalized Intersections
Tang, Keshuang; Wang, Fen; Yao, Jiarong; Sun, Jian
2016-01-01
In China, a flashing green (FG) indication of 3 s followed by a yellow (Y) indication of 3 s is commonly applied to end the green phase at signalized intersections. Stop-line crossing behavior of drivers during such a phase transition period significantly influences safety performance of signalized intersections. The objective of this study is thus to empirically analyze and model drivers’ stop-line crossing time and speed in response to the specific phase transition period of FG and Y. High-resolution trajectories for 1465 vehicles were collected at three rural high-speed intersections with a speed limit of 80 km/h and two urban intersections with a speed limit of 50 km/h in Shanghai. With the vehicle trajectory data, statistical analyses were performed to look into the general characteristics of stop-line crossing time and speed at the two types of intersections. A multinomial logit model and a multiple linear regression model were then developed to predict the stop-line crossing patterns and speeds respectively. It was found that the percentage of stop-line crossings during the Y interval is remarkably higher and the stop-line crossing time is approximately 0.7 s longer at the urban intersections, as compared with the rural intersections. In addition, approaching speed and distance to the stop-line at the onset of FG as well as area type significantly affect the percentages of stop-line crossings during the FG and Y intervals. Vehicle type and stop-line crossing pattern were found to significantly influence the stop-line crossing speed, in addition to the above factors. The red-light-running seems to occur more frequently at the large intersections with a long cycle length.
Cui, Ganglong; Yang, Weitao
2011-05-28
The significance of conical intersections in photophysics, photochemistry, and photodissociation of polyatomic molecules in gas phase has been demonstrated by numerous experimental and theoretical studies. Optimization of conical intersections of small- and medium-size molecules in gas phase has currently become a routine optimization process, as it has been implemented in many electronic structure packages. However, optimization of conical intersections of small- and medium-size molecules in solution or macromolecules remains inefficient, even poorly defined, due to large number of degrees of freedom and costly evaluations of gradient difference and nonadiabatic coupling vectors. In this work, based on the sequential quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) and QM/MM-minimum free energy path methods, we have designed two conical intersection optimization methods for small- and medium-size molecules in solution or macromolecules. The first one is sequential QM conical intersection optimization and MM minimization for potential energy surfaces; the second one is sequential QM conical intersection optimization and MM sampling for potential of mean force surfaces, i.e., free energy surfaces. In such methods, the region where electronic structures change remarkably is placed into the QM subsystem, while the rest of the system is placed into the MM subsystem; thus, dimensionalities of gradient difference and nonadiabatic coupling vectors are decreased due to the relatively small QM subsystem. Furthermore, in comparison with the concurrent optimization scheme, sequential QM conical intersection optimization and MM minimization or sampling reduce the number of evaluations of gradient difference and nonadiabatic coupling vectors because these vectors need to be calculated only when the QM subsystem moves, independent of the MM minimization or sampling. Taken together, costly evaluations of gradient difference and nonadiabatic coupling vectors in solution or
Vehicular crash data used to rank intersections by injury crash frequency and severity
Yi Liu; Zongzhi Li; Jingxian Liu; Harshingar Patel
2016-01-01
This article contains data on research conducted in “A double standard model for allocating limited emergency medical service vehicle resources ensuring service reliability” (Liu et al., 2016) [1]. The crash counts were sorted out from comprehensive crash records of over one thousand major signalized intersections in the city of Chicago from 2004 to 2010. For each intersection, vehicular crashes were counted by crash severity levels, including fatal, injury Types A, B, and C for major, modera...
Self-intersection local times and collision local times of bifractional Brownian motions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2009-01-01
In this paper, we consider the local time and the self-intersection local time for a bifractional Brownian motion, and the collision local time for two independent bifractional Brownian motions. We mainly prove the existence and smoothness of the self-intersection local time and the collision local time, through the strong local nondeterminism of bifractional Brownian motion, L2 convergence and Chaos expansion.
Self-intersection local times and collision local times of bifractional Brownian motions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIANG YiMing; WANG YongJin
2009-01-01
In this paper, we consider the local time and the self-intersection local time for a bifrac-tional Brownish motion, and the collision local time for two independent bifractional Brownian motions. We mainly prove the existence and smoothness of the self-intersection local time and the collision local time, through the strong local nondeterminism of bifractional Brownian motion, L2 convergence and Chaos expansion.
Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels Biophysics of Molecular Excitability
Leuchtag, H. Richard
2008-01-01
Voltage-sensitive ion channels are macromolecules embedded in the membranes of nerve and muscle fibers of animals. Because of their physiological functions, biochemical structures and electrical switching properties, they are at an intersection of biology, chemistry and physics. Despite decades of intensive research under the traditional approach of gated structural pores, the relation between the structure of these molecules and their function remains enigmatic. This book critically examines physically oriented approaches not covered in other ion-channel books. It looks at optical and thermal as well as electrical data, and at studies in the frequency domain as well as in the time domain. Rather than presenting the reader with only an option of mechanistic models at an inappropriate pseudo-macroscopic scale, it emphasizes concepts established in organic chemistry and condensed state physics. The book’s approach to the understanding of these unique structures breaks with the unproven view of ion channels as...
The computation of all plane/surface intersections for CAD/CAM applications
Hoitsma, D. H., Jr.; Roche, M.
1984-01-01
The problem of the computation and display of all intersections of a given plane with a rational bicubic surface patch for use on an interactive CAD/CAM system is examined. The general problem of calculating all intersections of a plane and a surface consisting of rational bicubic patches is reduced to the case of a single generic patch by applying a rejection algorithm which excludes all patches that do not intersect the plane. For each pertinent patch the algorithm presented computed the intersection curves by locating an initial point on each curve, and computes successive points on the curve using a tolerance step equation. A single cubic equation solver is used to compute the initial curve points lying on the boundary of a surface patch, and the method of resultants as applied to curve theory is used to determine critical points which, in turn, are used to locate initial points that lie on intersection curves which are in the interior of the patch. Examples are given to illustrate the ability of this algorithm to produce all intersection curves.
A Valence Bond Description of the Prefulvene Extended Conical Intersection Seam of Benzene.
Blancafort, Lluís; Robb, Michael A
2012-12-11
The permutational isomers of the prefulvene-like minimum energy conical intersection lie on an extended conical intersection seam, where they are connected by higher symmetry structures. Here, we present a VB analysis of the electronic states involved along this extended seam. The VB method produces a spin-exchange density (ie. a bonding pattern) that provides the basis to assign resonance structures to the states. The results show that in the high symmetry region of the seam, the character of the states is dominated by the positive and negative combination of the Kekulé structures, (A+B) and (A-B). The low energy parts of the seam, comprised of lower symmetry conical intersection structures, are stabilized by mixing with the Dewar resonance structures. This feature is responsible for the stability of the benzvalene-like conical intersections. The validity of the VB model is confirmed by calculating the branching space vectors at this level of theory, which are in good agreement with the CASSCF calculated vectors. The VB analysis has also allowed us to complete our picture of the global seam, since it has provided the clue to locate a conical intersection saddle point that interconverts two minima of the prefulvene conical intersection where the carbon bent out of the plane is inverted and rotated by 60°. This saddle point has a benzvalene-like geometry, in agreement with the VB picture.
Evaluation and analysis of noise levels at traffic intersections of Nagpur city, India.
Vijay, Ritesh; Popat, Rishabh; Pisode, Mayur; Sharma, Asheesh; Manoj, Kumar; Chakrabarti, T; Gupta, Rajesh
2013-04-01
The objective of the present study was to monitor and assess the noise levels at traffic intersections in Napgur city under heterogenic traffic activities. For this, traffic volume and noise level were measured at intersections on highways, major roads andring road during morning and evening peak hours. Traffic volume was categorized in light, medium and heavy vehicles while noise levels were measured for Lmin, Lmax, Leq , L10 and L90. Equivalent noise was observed in the range of 71.3 to 79.3 dB(A) at the traffic intersections. Due to heterogenic traffic conditions and activities at the intersection like honking, idling, gear noise, bearing noise, breaking noise, tyre-road noise and exhaust noise, no correlation was established between traffic volume and observed noise levels except West High Court road. A strong correlation was found at West High Court road due to controlled traffic flow and less impact of heavy vehicles. Impact of noisy vehicles on general traffic was also assessed at the traffic intersections based on noise pollution levels and traffic noise index. The study suggests that control measures are required at the traffic intersections to minimize noise pollution levels.
Lyons, T. W.
2012-04-01
paleoenvironments using the combined approach, subtle variations in chemical tracers can be calibrated with refined paleoredox resolution using fossils and extrapolated back to Precambrian intervals predating the evolutionary appearance of animals. Oxygen deficiencies of varying degree likely dominated most of the Precambrian marine record. Additional topics to be discussed are new and refined geochemical proxies that work best under intermediate redox states. Another interesting intersection of Fe and trace metal proxies and biology lies with the clear fingerprints of depositional settings with abundant free hydrogen sulfide in the pore fluids, often right at the sediment-water interface, but with oxygen in the bottom waters. Independent recognition of such conditions would have important impact on our interpretations of infaunal and epifaunal animal communities, including those that thrive at redox interfaces in symbiotic partnership with thiotrophic and methanotropic bacteria.
Lifting as We Climb: Recognizing Intersectional Gender Violence in Law
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shreya Atrey
2015-12-01
Full Text Available This paper interrogates the meaning of lifting all women as we climb the ladder of gender equality and justice by recognizing that gender violence affects women differently. This is because violence against women is perpetrated not only on the basis of their gender or sex but also other identities of race, religion, caste, region, age, disability, nationality, sexual orientation etc. With reference to CEDAW jurisprudence and examples from India, I seek to explain this understanding with the help of a normative framework of ‘intersectional integrity’. The framework insists on considering claimants as a whole by tracing unique and shared patterns of gender violence when it is also based on other identities such as race, religion, caste, region, age, disability, nationality, and sexual orientation. I argue that applying the framework allows us to diagnose and address the nature of violence suffered on multiple identities, in a clear and comprehensive way. Este artículo cuestiona el sentido de levantar a todas las mujeres a medida que se asciende la escalera de la igualdad de género y la justicia, reconociendo que la violencia de género afecta a las mujeres de manera diferente. Esto se debe a que la violencia contra las mujeres se comete no sólo sobre la base de su género o sexo, sino también por su raza, religión, casta, región, edad, discapacidad, nacionalidad, orientación sexual, etc. Se pretende explicar esta afirmación con la ayuda de un marco normativo de “integridad interseccional”, a través de referencias a la jurisprudencia del CEDAW y ejemplos de la India. El marco insiste en considerar a las demandantes en su conjunto, trazando patrones únicos y compartidos de violencia de género cuando se basa también en otras identidades como raza, religión, casta, región, edad, discapacidad, nacionalidad, orientación sexual. Se sostiene que la aplicación del marco permite diagnosticar y abordar la naturaleza de la violencia
Pätzold, Matthias
2011-01-01
Providing a comprehensive overview of the modelling, analysis and simulation of mobile radio channels, this book gives a detailed understanding of fundamental issues and examines state-of-the-art techniques in mobile radio channel modelling. It analyses several mobile fading channels, including terrestrial and satellite flat-fading channels, various types of wideband channels and advanced MIMO channels, providing a fundamental understanding of the issues currently being investigated in the field. Important classes of narrowband, wideband, and space-time wireless channels are explored in deta
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Olson, Marvin
2016-01-12
A method, system, and apparatus for installing channel nuts includes a shank, a handle formed on a first end of a shank, and an end piece with a threaded shaft configured to receive a channel nut formed on the second end of the shaft. The tool can be used to insert or remove a channel nut in a channel framing system and then removed from the channel nut.
A study to visualize and determine the sequencing of intersecting ink lines.
Ozbek, Nil; Braz, André; López-López, Maria; García-Ruiz, Carmen
2014-01-01
Determining the sequencing of intersecting ink lines is one of the current problems for forensic document examiners. The way two inks will distribute and interact with each other and the paper at the crossing is a dynamic process that can be affected by many variables. Thus, the main purpose of this manuscript is to visualize and have a more comprehensive understanding of this process as well as study a methodology for determining the correct order of intersecting ink lines. For this, overlapping layers of different types of inks from writing instruments and printers were cross-sectioned and examined with a microscope. Results from pen/pen crossings showed that liquid-liquid and gel-gel intersections tended to form a double layer but oil-oil intersections usually formed mixtures. Additionally, oil-liquid and oil-gel intersections tended to form a double layer whenever the oil ink was on top and liquid-gel intersections tended to form a double layer for almost all crossings with exception of the ones involving a gel pen ink from one manufacturer. Results from pen/printer crossings showed the formation of a double layer only when the printer ink was on top of the pen ink. On the other permutation, the pen ink tended to penetrate through the printer ink producing the mixture of both inks. The inks drying time was found to be an important factor affecting the interaction between two inks in a crossing, particularly crossings involving gel pen inks. On the contrary, the type of paper and the writing pressure showed no significant influence on the inks distribution at the crossing. The methodology developed was reproducible with overlapping layers but there were many experimental difficulties during the validation process of intersections representing real crossings. Moreover, interpretation was dependent on the operator's eye which was a limiting factor.
Behavior of two-wheelers at limited priority uncontrolled T-intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gopal R. Patil
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Being convenient and affordable, motorized two-wheeler is the most widely used personal mode for short and medium distance trips in India, thereby resulting in a very high concentration of two-wheelers on Indian roads. Its compact size and aggressive nature of two-wheeler riders have significant impact on the overall traffic characteristics and safety. A large number of unsignalized intersections in India do not have stop or yield sign, and even if it exists, drivers in general do not follow the intended priorities. The combinations of these factors create complex conditions at unsignalized intersections. At some intersections, where the drivers clearly perceive major and minor roads, priority rules are followed to a certain extent. Such partially controlled intersections where limited priorities are observed are studied here. The focus of this paper is on analyzing and modeling gap acceptance behavior of two-wheelers at limited priority unsignalized T-intersections in India. The data collected at four intersections revealed that accepted gaps/lags follow lognormal distribution. Logit models are developed for major and minor road right turnings which show that the probability of accepting a gap is higher if the driver is young, the conflicting vehicle is a two-wheeler, or both. Critical gap values are estimated using Raff's method, lag method, Ashworth's method, logit method, and maximum likelihood method. These values vary from 2.38 to 3.06 s for major road right turning and 2.77 to 3.71 s for minor road right turning. The maximum likelihood method is found to give the most consistent values. The findings of this study are useful in developing performance and safety evaluation of uncontrolled intersections in India.
Unidimensional diffusion of long n-alkanes in nanoporous channels.
Jobic, Hervé; Farago, Bela
2008-11-07
The diffusion of long n-alkanes confined in silicalite zeolite has been studied with the neutron spin-echo technique. Since only isotropic diffusion has been measured so far with this technique, we derive the intermediate scattering functions for one-dimensional (1D) and single-file diffusion. The 1D diffusion model explains the results obtained for long n-alkanes in the intersecting channel system of silicalite. A redistribution of the molecules is observed at high temperatures, supporting the presence of internal barriers within the zeolite crystals.
The Intersecting Identity Politics of the Ecuadorian Evangelical Indians
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rickard Lalander
2013-02-01
. The focus is placed on the social movement 'Ecuadorian Federation of Evangelical Indians '(FEINE and its political-electoral movement 'Amauta Jatari', as well as their complex relationships to the broader Indigenous movement. As for the theoretical-methodological approach, the article leans on ideas on 'Intersectionality '– originally emerging from women´s studies – on relationships between socio-cultural identities and categories, which will be integrated into a sociological-political scientific analytical framework. This approach is valuable for problematizing, as well as better comprehending the complex mixture of identities that influence collective and individual behavior in society. Is there a certain hierarchic order between ethnic and religious identification among ethnically defined peoples with specific religious beliefs? Is this imaginable hierarchy persistent, or does it change according to differing social and political contexts?
A Beacon Transmission Power Control Algorithm Based on Wireless Channel Load Forecasting in VANETs.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuanfu Mo
Full Text Available In a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET, the periodic exchange of single-hop status information broadcasts (beacon frames produces channel loading, which causes channel congestion and induces information conflict problems. To guarantee fairness in beacon transmissions from each node and maximum network connectivity, adjustment of the beacon transmission power is an effective method for reducing and preventing channel congestion. In this study, the primary factors that influence wireless channel loading are selected to construct the KF-BCLF, which is a channel load forecasting algorithm based on a recursive Kalman filter and employs multiple regression equation. By pre-adjusting the transmission power based on the forecasted channel load, the channel load was kept within a predefined range; therefore, channel congestion was prevented. Based on this method, the CLF-BTPC, which is a transmission power control algorithm, is proposed. To verify KF-BCLF algorithm, a traffic survey method that involved the collection of floating car data along a major traffic road in Changchun City is employed. By comparing this forecast with the measured channel loads, the proposed KF-BCLF algorithm was proven to be effective. In addition, the CLF-BTPC algorithm is verified by simulating a section of eight-lane highway and a signal-controlled urban intersection. The results of the two verification process indicate that this distributed CLF-BTPC algorithm can effectively control channel load, prevent channel congestion, and enhance the stability and robustness of wireless beacon transmission in a vehicular network.
A Beacon Transmission Power Control Algorithm Based on Wireless Channel Load Forecasting in VANETs
Mo, Yuanfu; Yu, Dexin; Song, Jun; Zheng, Kun; Guo, Yajuan
2015-01-01
In a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), the periodic exchange of single-hop status information broadcasts (beacon frames) produces channel loading, which causes channel congestion and induces information conflict problems. To guarantee fairness in beacon transmissions from each node and maximum network connectivity, adjustment of the beacon transmission power is an effective method for reducing and preventing channel congestion. In this study, the primary factors that influence wireless channel loading are selected to construct the KF-BCLF, which is a channel load forecasting algorithm based on a recursive Kalman filter and employs multiple regression equation. By pre-adjusting the transmission power based on the forecasted channel load, the channel load was kept within a predefined range; therefore, channel congestion was prevented. Based on this method, the CLF-BTPC, which is a transmission power control algorithm, is proposed. To verify KF-BCLF algorithm, a traffic survey method that involved the collection of floating car data along a major traffic road in Changchun City is employed. By comparing this forecast with the measured channel loads, the proposed KF-BCLF algorithm was proven to be effective. In addition, the CLF-BTPC algorithm is verified by simulating a section of eight-lane highway and a signal-controlled urban intersection. The results of the two verification process indicate that this distributed CLF-BTPC algorithm can effectively control channel load, prevent channel congestion, and enhance the stability and robustness of wireless beacon transmission in a vehicular network. PMID:26571042
A Beacon Transmission Power Control Algorithm Based on Wireless Channel Load Forecasting in VANETs.
Mo, Yuanfu; Yu, Dexin; Song, Jun; Zheng, Kun; Guo, Yajuan
2015-01-01
In a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), the periodic exchange of single-hop status information broadcasts (beacon frames) produces channel loading, which causes channel congestion and induces information conflict problems. To guarantee fairness in beacon transmissions from each node and maximum network connectivity, adjustment of the beacon transmission power is an effective method for reducing and preventing channel congestion. In this study, the primary factors that influence wireless channel loading are selected to construct the KF-BCLF, which is a channel load forecasting algorithm based on a recursive Kalman filter and employs multiple regression equation. By pre-adjusting the transmission power based on the forecasted channel load, the channel load was kept within a predefined range; therefore, channel congestion was prevented. Based on this method, the CLF-BTPC, which is a transmission power control algorithm, is proposed. To verify KF-BCLF algorithm, a traffic survey method that involved the collection of floating car data along a major traffic road in Changchun City is employed. By comparing this forecast with the measured channel loads, the proposed KF-BCLF algorithm was proven to be effective. In addition, the CLF-BTPC algorithm is verified by simulating a section of eight-lane highway and a signal-controlled urban intersection. The results of the two verification process indicate that this distributed CLF-BTPC algorithm can effectively control channel load, prevent channel congestion, and enhance the stability and robustness of wireless beacon transmission in a vehicular network.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dirk Morschett, Dr.,
2005-01-01
Full Text Available Multi-channel retailing entails the parallel use by retailing enterprises of several sales channels. The results of an online buyer survey which has been conducted to investigate the impact of multi-channel retailing (i.e. the use of several retail channels by one retail company on consumer behaviour show that the frequently expressed concern that the application of multi-channel systems in retailing would be associated with cannibalization effects, has proven unfounded. Indeed, the appropriate degree of similarity, consistency, integration and agreement achieves the exact opposite. Different channels create different advantages for consumers. Therefore the total benefit an enterprise which has a multi-channel system can offer to its consumers is larger, the greater the number of available channels. The use of multi-channel systems is associated with additional purchases in the different channels. Such systems are thus superior to those offering only one sales channel to their customers. Furthermore, multi-channel systems with integrated channels are superior to those in which the channels are essentially autonomous and independent of one another. In integrated systems, consumers can achieve synergy effects in the use of sales-channel systems. Accordingly, when appropriately formulated, multi-channel systems in retailing impact positively on consumers. They use the channels more frequently, buy more from them and there is a positive customer-loyalty impact. Multi-channel systems are strategic options for achieving customer loyalty, exploiting customer potential and for winning new customers. They are thus well suited for approaching differing and varied target groups.
Strauss, Jillian; Miranda-Moreno, Luis F; Morency, Patrick
2013-10-01
This study proposes a two-equation Bayesian modelling approach to simultaneously study cyclist injury occurrence and bicycle activity at signalized intersections as joint outcomes. This approach deals with the potential presence of endogeneity and unobserved heterogeneities and is used to identify factors associated with both cyclist injuries and volumes. Its application to identify high-risk corridors is also illustrated. Montreal, Quebec, Canada is the application environment, using an extensive inventory of a large sample of signalized intersections containing disaggregate motor-vehicle traffic volumes and bicycle flows, geometric design, traffic control and built environment characteristics in the vicinity of the intersections. Cyclist injury data for the period of 2003-2008 is used in this study. Also, manual bicycle counts were standardized using temporal and weather adjustment factors to obtain average annual daily volumes. Results confirm and quantify the effects of both bicycle and motor-vehicle flows on cyclist injury occurrence. Accordingly, more cyclists at an intersection translate into more cyclist injuries but lower injury rates due to the non-linear association between bicycle volume and injury occurrence. Furthermore, the results emphasize the importance of turning motor-vehicle movements. The presence of bus stops and total crosswalk length increase cyclist injury occurrence whereas the presence of a raised median has the opposite effect. Bicycle activity through intersections was found to increase as employment, number of metro stations, land use mix, area of commercial land use type, length of bicycle facilities and the presence of schools within 50-800 m of the intersection increase. Intersections with three approaches are expected to have fewer cyclists than those with four. Using Bayesian analysis, expected injury frequency and injury rates were estimated for each intersection and used to rank corridors. Corridors with high bicycle volumes
Garnett, Bernice Raveche; Masyn, Katherine E; Austin, S Bryn; Miller, Matthew; Williams, David R; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula
2014-08-01
Discrimination is commonly experienced among adolescents. However, little is known about the intersection of multiple attributes of discrimination and bullying. We used a latent class analysis (LCA) to illustrate the intersections of discrimination attributes and bullying, and to assess the associations of LCA membership to depressive symptoms, deliberate self harm and suicidal ideation among a sample of ethnically diverse adolescents. The data come from the 2006 Boston Youth Survey where students were asked whether they had experienced discrimination based on four attributes: race/ethnicity, immigration status, perceived sexual orientation and weight. They were also asked whether they had been bullied or assaulted for these attributes. A total of 965 (78%) students contributed to the LCA analytic sample (45% Non-Hispanic Black, 29% Hispanic, 58% Female). The LCA revealed that a 4-class solution had adequate relative and absolute fit. The 4-classes were characterized as: low discrimination (51%); racial discrimination (33%); sexual orientation discrimination (7%); racial and weight discrimination with high bullying (intersectional class) (7%). In multivariate models, compared to the low discrimination class, individuals in the sexual orientation discrimination class and the intersectional class had higher odds of engaging in deliberate self-harm. Students in the intersectional class also had higher odds of suicidal ideation. All three discrimination latent classes had significantly higher depressive symptoms compared to the low discrimination class. Multiple attributes of discrimination and bullying co-occur among adolescents. Research should consider the co-occurrence of bullying and discrimination.
To illuminate or not to illuminate: roadway lighting as it affects traffic safety at intersections.
Bullough, John D; Donnell, Eric T; Rea, Mark S
2013-04-01
A two-pronged effort to quantify the impact of lighting on traffic safety is presented. In the statistical approach, the effects of lighting on crash frequency for different intersection types in Minnesota were assessed using count regression models. The models included many geometric and traffic control variables to estimate the association between lighting and nighttime and daytime crashes and the resulting night-to-day crash ratios. Overall, the presence of roadway intersection lighting was found to be associated with an approximately 12% lower night-to-day crash ratio than unlighted intersections. In the parallel analytical approach, visual performance analyses based on roadway intersection lighting practices in Minnesota were made for the same intersection types investigated in the statistical approach. The results of both approaches were convergent, suggesting that visual performance improvements from roadway lighting could serve as input for predicting improvements in crash frequency. A provisional transfer function allows transportation engineers to evaluate alternative lighting systems in the design phase so selections based on expected benefits and costs can be made.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cristina Demaria
2016-07-01
Full Text Available What does it mean today to talk about intersectionality or, better, about intersectional approaches within the vast and fragmented field of Feminist Studies? And how can intersectionality help understanding the development of transnational feminism, and viceversa? By offering a brief critical genealogy of the notion of intersectionality, from the systemic to the anti-categorial positions that have characterized the debate on this notion, the essay tries to present a reading of the main questions that stemmed from thinking the working of the many power differentials and identity markers (gender, race, class, ages, disabilities, etc. that constitute regional, national and transnational subjectivities. In adopting an anti-categorial stance, this work attempts at showing how feminism has changed thanks to different, yet complementary, perspectives on intersectional subject formations and positioning, along with the relational and transnational struggles that have been imagined in order to refine a feminist gaze at every level of social, cultural and political life, be it theoretical, methodological or epistemological.
A Clash-of-Symmetries Mechanism from Intersecting Domain-Wall Branes
Callen, Benjamin D
2013-01-01
We present a new Clash-of-Symmetries mechanism in the context of an intersecting domain-wall brane model in 5+1-dimensional Minkowskian spacetime recently proposed by the authors. This new application of the Dvali-Shifman idea is designed for localizing gauge fields on a domain-wall intersection and we employ it by adding a gauge group $G$ and giving the scalar fields which form lump-like profiles gauge charges. These fields in turn break $G$ to two different subgroups $H_{1}$ and $H_{2}$ on each domain wall, and the gauge fields of these subgroups are taken to be localized to the respective walls by the confinement dynamics of $G$. There is then a further breaking on the domain-wall intersection to $H_{1}\\cap{}H_{2}$ and gauge fields of this overlap group can then be localized to the intersection if they belong inside non-Abelian subgroups of both $H_{1}$ and $H_{2}$ which are spontaneously broken on the intersection and confining in the 4+1D bulks of the respective domain-wall branes. This mechanism has som...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Samia Boubaker
2016-06-01
Full Text Available A vehicle's energy consumption and emissions are two major constraints in sustainable development. Both of them have proportionally raised in recent decades with the exponential growth of world traffic demands. The reduction of road traffic-generated energy consumption and emissions have thus become unprecedentedly challenging and worth examining. This paper investigates energy consumption and environmental problems present at roundabout and signalized intersection to analyze the impact of the hybridization level's fleet and intersection type on vehicle consumption and pollution. Instantaneous fuel consumption and emission models coupled with simulation of urban mobility (SUMO are in this study. The authors started with modeling energy consumption. Then, an emission model emissions from traffic (EMIT was implemented to quantify vehicle emissions of CO2, CO and NOx. These models help investigate the influence of intersection type on energy consumption and environmental conditions. The authors implemented a signalized intersection and roundabout using SUMO. The input data are collected from the roundabout of Sousse (Tunisia using video data collection. Since there is a lack of econometric models that emulate hybridized stream behavior near intersections, two energy consumption models for the roundabout and crossroad are developed using traffic flow and hybridization level as the input variables. Compared to crossroads, a roundabout can obtain more environmental improvements and substantial reductions in energy consumption and road traffic emissions.
Role of conical intersections in molecular spectroscopy and photoinduced chemical dynamics.
Domcke, Wolfgang; Yarkony, David R
2012-01-01
This review describes how conical intersections affect measured molecular spectra and simple photofragmentation processes. We consider excitations that result in electron ejection, that is, photoionization or photodetachment, as well as photoinduced H-atom elimination. Section 1 presents a brief overview of the history of conical intersections and their rise from an arcane theoretical concept to a major paradigm in nonadiabatic chemistry. In Section 2, the generic properties of conical intersections are discussed, as well as their characterization with modern electronic-structure methods. Section 3 briefly discusses computational tools used to compute the nuclear motion involving conical intersections. Section 4 describes how the ideas of Sections 2 and 3 are combined to simulate molecular spectra impacted by conical intersections. Section 5 describes selected recent experimental and computational studies of photoelectron, photodetachment, and photofragment spectra. Rather than providing an encyclopedic bibliography of the previous and current literature, we illustrate significant problems currently being addressed and describe what can be accomplished with current computational techniques and how these results are achieved. Section 6 suggests future directions in this field.
Vehicular crash data used to rank intersections by injury crash frequency and severity.
Liu, Yi; Li, Zongzhi; Liu, Jingxian; Patel, Harshingar
2016-09-01
This article contains data on research conducted in "A double standard model for allocating limited emergency medical service vehicle resources ensuring service reliability" (Liu et al., 2016) [1]. The crash counts were sorted out from comprehensive crash records of over one thousand major signalized intersections in the city of Chicago from 2004 to 2010. For each intersection, vehicular crashes were counted by crash severity levels, including fatal, injury Types A, B, and C for major, moderate, and minor injury levels, property damage only (PDO), and unknown. The crash data was further used to rank intersections by equivalent injury crash frequency. The top 200 intersections with the highest number of crash occurrences identified based on crash frequency- and severity-based scenarios are shared in this brief. The provided data would be a valuable source for research in urban traffic safety analysis and could also be utilized to examine the effectiveness of traffic safety improvement planning and programming, intersection design enhancement, incident and emergency management, and law enforcement strategies.
Vehicular crash data used to rank intersections by injury crash frequency and severity
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yi Liu
2016-09-01
Full Text Available This article contains data on research conducted in “A double standard model for allocating limited emergency medical service vehicle resources ensuring service reliability” (Liu et al., 2016 [1]. The crash counts were sorted out from comprehensive crash records of over one thousand major signalized intersections in the city of Chicago from 2004 to 2010. For each intersection, vehicular crashes were counted by crash severity levels, including fatal, injury Types A, B, and C for major, moderate, and minor injury levels, property damage only (PDO, and unknown. The crash data was further used to rank intersections by equivalent injury crash frequency. The top 200 intersections with the highest number of crash occurrences identified based on crash frequency- and severity-based scenarios are shared in this brief. The provided data would be a valuable source for research in urban traffic safety analysis and could also be utilized to examine the effectiveness of traffic safety improvement planning and programming, intersection design enhancement, incident and emergency management, and law enforcement strategies.
Intersectional inequalities in immunization in India, 1992-93 to 2005-06: a progress assessment.
Joe, William
2015-05-01
Immunization in India is marked with stark disparities across gender, caste, wealth and place of residence with severe shortfalls among those disadvantaged in more than one dimension. In this regard, an explicit recognition of intersectionality and intersectional inequalities has 2-fold relevance; one, being the pathway of health inequality and the other being its role as a deterrent of progress particularly at higher (better) levels of health. Against this backdrop, this study examines intersectional inequalities in immunization in India and also suggests a level-sensitive progress assessment method. The study uses group analogue of Gini coefficient for highlighting the magnitude of intersectional inequality and for comprehending its association with immunization level. The results unravel the plight of vulnerable intersectional groups and draw attention to disquieting shortfalls among female SCST (scheduled castes and tribes) children from rural areas. There is also some evidence to indicate leveraging among rural males in matters of immunization and it is further discerned that such gender advantage is greater among rural non-SCST community than the rural SCST group. In concluding, the study calls for intensive immunization planning to improve coverage among vulnerable communities in both rural and urban areas.
Help the Genetic Algorithm to Minimize the Urban Traffic on Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dadmehr Rahbari
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Control of traffic lights at the intersections of the main issues is the optimal traffic. Intersections to regulate traffic flow of vehicles and eliminate conflicting traffic flows are used. Modeling and simulation of traffic are widely used in industry. In fact, the modeling and simulation of an industrial system is studied before creating economically and when it is affordable. The aim of this article is a smart way to control traffic. The first stage of the project with the objective of collecting statistical data (cycle time of each of the intersection of the lights of vehicles is waiting for a red light steps where the data collection found optimal amounts next it is. Introduced by genetic algorithm optimization of parameters is performed. GA begin with coding step as a binary variable (the range specified by the initial data set is obtained will start with an initial population and then a new generation of genetic operators mutation and crossover and will Finally, the members of the optimal fitness values are selected as the solution set. The optimal output of Petri nets CPN TOOLS modeling and software have been implemented. The results indicate that the performance improvement project in intersections traffic control systems. It is known that other data collected and enforced intersections of evolutionary methods such as genetic algorithms to reduce the waiting time for traffic lights behind the red lights and to determine the appropriate cycle.
Degrees of Intersectionality: Male Rap Artists in Sweden Negotiating Class, Race and Gender
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kalle Berggren
2013-06-01
Full Text Available “Intersectionality” has become a highly influential concept in gender research over the last 25 years. Debates have focused on differences and power asymmetries between women, in terms of race but also addressing class, age, sexuality, ability and nation. However, intersectional paradigms have been used to a much lesser extent in gender studies on men. This article seeks to contribute to an emerging discussion about intersectionality and masculinity by analyzing rap lyrics in Swe-dish songs. The data consists of a broad sample of rap lyrics by male artists 1991-2011, which is analyzed through poststructuralist discourse analysis and queer phenomenology. The analysis shows how classed discourses can be described in terms of orientation and flow, how racialization is articulated in terms of place, and the role of normative notions of gender and sexuality in anti-racist discourses. It is argued that this interconnectedness – class being related to race, which in turn is profoundly gendered – is neither well captured by the prevailing notion of “masculinities” in gender studies on men, nor by the “constitution” vs. “addition” dichotomy in intersectionality debates. Instead, it is suggested that degrees of in-tersectionality might be a more fruitful way of theorizing intersectionality in rela-tion to men.
Optimal Control and Coordination of Connected and Automated Vehicles at Urban Traffic Intersections
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Yue J. [Boston University; Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Cassandras, Christos G. [Boston University
2016-01-01
We address the problem of coordinating online a continuous flow of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) crossing two adjacent intersections in an urban area. We present a decentralized optimal control framework whose solution yields for each vehicle the optimal acceleration/deceleration at any time in the sense of minimizing fuel consumption. The solu- tion, when it exists, allows the vehicles to cross the intersections without the use of traffic lights, without creating congestion on the connecting road, and under the hard safety constraint of collision avoidance. The effectiveness of the proposed solution is validated through simulation considering two intersections located in downtown Boston, and it is shown that coordination of CAVs can reduce significantly both fuel consumption and travel time.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bosankić Ivan
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a new fuzzy-behavior-based algorithm for roundabout intersection management is presented. The algorithm employs cooperative intelligence and includes intelligent vehicles and infrastructure to calculate speed profiles for different vehicles, in order to achieve more comfortable driving profiles, as well to reduce congestion and CO2 emissions. The algorithm uses adaptive spatio-temporal reservation technique and was tested in MATLAB/Simulink environment. The algorithm is designed to function in different scenarios with both cooperative and non-cooperative vehicles, as well as optional intersection infrastructure. Results have show that using the proposed algorithm different vehicle communication types can be successfully combined in order to increase traffic flow through roundabout intersections.
Coherent control using kinetic energy and the geometric phase of a conical intersection
Liekhus-Schmaltz, Chelsea; McCracken, Gregory A.; Kaldun, Andreas; Cryan, James P.; Bucksbaum, Philip H.
2016-10-01
Conical intersections (CIs) between molecular potential energy surfaces with non-vanishing non-adiabatic couplings generally occur in any molecule consisting of at least three atoms. They play a fundamental role in describing the molecular dynamics beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation and have been used to understand a large variety of effects, from photofragmentation and isomerization to more exotic applications such as exciton fission in semiconductors. However, few studies have used the features of a CI as a tool for coherent control. Here we demonstrate two modes of control around a conical intersection. The first uses a continuous light field to control the population on the two intersecting electronic states in the vicinity of a CI. The second uses a pulsed light field to control wavepackets that are subjected to the geometric phase shift in transit around a CI. This second technique is likely to be useful for studying the role of nuclear dynamics in electronic coherence phenomena.
Coherent control using kinetic energy and the geometric phase of a conical intersection
Liekhus-Schmaltz, Chelsea; Kaldun, Andreas; Cryan, James P; Bucksbaum, Philip H
2016-01-01
Conical intersections (CI) between molecular potential energy surfaces with non-vanishing non-adiabatic couplings generally occur in any molecule consisting of at least three atoms. They play a fundamental role in describing the molecular dynamics beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation and have been used to understand a large variety of effects, from photofragmentation and isomerization to more exotic applications such as exciton fission in semiconductors. However, few studies have used the features of a CI as a tool for coherent control. Here we demonstrate two modes of control around a conical intersection. The first uses a continuous light field to control the population on the two intersecting electronic states in the vicinity of a CI. The second uses a pulsed light field to control wavepackets that are subjected to the geometric phase shift in transit around a CI. This second technique is likely to be useful for studying the role of nuclear dynamics in electronic coherence phenomena.
Reaching an Optimal Consensus: Distributed Intersection Computation for Multi-agent Systems
Shi, Guodong; Hong, Yiguang
2011-01-01
In this paper, multi-agent systems minimizing a sum of objective functions, where each component is only known to a particular node, is considered for continuous-time dynamics with time-varying interconnection topologies. Assuming that each node can observe a convex solution set of its optimization component, and the intersection of all such sets is nonempty, the considered optimization problem is converted to an intersection computation problem. By a simple distributed control rule, the considered multi-agent system achieves not only a consensus, but also an optimal one by agreeing within the optimal solution set of the group's optimization objective. Directed and bidirectional communications are studied respectively, and connectivity conditions are given to ensure a global optimal consensus. In this way, the corresponding intersection computation problem is solved by the proposed decentralized continuous-time algorithm. We establish several important properties of the distance functions with respect to the ...
New Meta-Heuristic for Combinatorial Optimization Problems:Intersection Based Scaling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Peng Zou; Zhi Zhou; Ying-Yu Wan; Guo-Liang Chen; Jun Gu
2004-01-01
Combinatorial optimization problems are found in many application fields such as computer science, engineering and economy. In this paper, a new efficient meta-heuristic, Intersection-Based Scaling (IBS for abbreviation),is proposed and it can be applied to the combinatorial optimization problems. The main idea of IBS is to scale the size of the instance based on the intersection of some local optima, and to simplify the search space by extracting the intersection from the instance, which makes the search more efficient. The combination of IBS with some local search heuristics of different combinatorial optimization problems such as Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) and Graph Partitioning Problem (GPP) is studied, and comparisons are made with some of the best heuristic algorithms and meta-heuristic algorithms. It is found that it has significantly improved the performance of existing local search heuristics and significantly outperforms the known best algorithms.
On the strengths of connectivity and robustness in general random intersection graphs
Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil
2014-01-01
Random intersection graphs have received much attention for nearly two decades, and currently have a wide range of applications ranging from key predistribution in wireless sensor networks to modeling social networks. In this paper, we investigate the strengths of connectivity and robustness in a general random intersection graph model. Specifically, we establish sharp asymptotic zero-one laws for $k$-connectivity and $k$-robustness, as well as the asymptotically exact probability of $k$-connectivity, for any positive integer $k$. The $k$-connectivity property quantifies how resilient is the connectivity of a graph against node or edge failures. On the other hand, $k$-robustness measures the effectiveness of local diffusion strategies (that do not use global graph topology information) in spreading information over the graph in the presence of misbehaving nodes. In addition to presenting the results under the general random intersection graph model, we consider two special cases of the general model, a binomi...
Librino, Federico; Zorzi, Michele
2012-01-01
A novel iterative algorithm for the efficient computation of the intersection areas of an arbitrary number of circles is presented. The algorithm, based on a trellis-structure, hinges on two geometric results which allow the existence-check and the computation of the area of the intersection regions generated by more than three circles by simple algebraic manipulations of the intersection areas of a smaller number of circles. The presented algorithm is a powerful tool for the performance analysis of wireless networks, and finds many applications, ranging from sensor to cellular networks. As an example of practical application, an insightful study of the uplink outage probability of in a wireless network with cooperative access points as a function of the transmission power and access point density is presented.
Time-dependent Jahn-Teller problem: Phonon-induced relaxation through conical intersection
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pae, Kaja, E-mail: kaja.pae@gmail.com; Hizhnyakov, Vladimir [Institute of Physics University of Tartu, Tartu (Estonia)
2014-12-21
A theoretical study of time-dependent dynamical Jahn-Teller effect in an impurity center in a solid is presented. We are considering the relaxation of excited states in the E⊗e-problem through the conical intersection of the potential energy. A strict quantum-mechanical treatment of vibronic interactions with both the main Jahn-Teller active vibration and the nontotally symmetric phonons causing the energy loss is given. The applied method enables us to calculate the time-dependence of the distribution function of the basic configurational coordinate. We have performed a series of numerical calculations allowing us, among other relaxation features, to visualise the details of the relaxation through the conical intersection. In particular, we elucidate how the Slonczewski quantization of the states in the conical intersection affects the relaxation.
METHOD OF DETERMINING THE CURVE OF INTERSECTION BETWEEN A CYLINDRICAL SURFACE AND A TORUS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ivona Petre
2010-01-01
Full Text Available The intersections of the cylindrical surfaces with a torus are often met in practice, for instance in the pneumatictransport installations for the intermediate products resulted from grist. The descriptive geometry is the foundation ofthe engineering sciences, giving force looking into space, much necessary to the specialists in this domain. She is theway to solve the problems in design and is one interdisciplinary link in the training of specialists in engineeringscience.The general method of construction of the curve of intersection of two surfaces is to find as many of its points, that itcan be drawn as accurately. Such points can be found using auxiliary surfaces (plan or spherical, which intersects thefirsts. The paper solves graphical one of these applications, using the classical method of the descriptive geometry.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shahriar Afandizadeh Zargari
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The primary objective of this research is to optimize signal timing in consecutive signalized intersections. In this paper, the combination of genetic programming (GP with genetic algorithms (GA and neural network (NN with genetic algorithm (GA were used and compared in order to optimize signal timing in consecutive signalized intersections. First, genetic programming and neural network were constructed from existing signal timing data to predict the delay of intersections. Then genetic algorithm was applied to optimize these predictive networks (GP and NN. The results and comparisons of timing process and error percentage showed that neural network is more efficient than genetic programming. However, the ability of genetic programming in producing formula is a specific characteristic which makes it more applicable than neural network. Finally, for validating the results, Aimsun and Synchro micro simulation software were used, and accuracy of our models was approved.
Design, analysis, and testing of a metal matrix composite web/flange intersection
Biggers, S. B.; Knight, N. F., Jr.; Moran, S. G.; Olliffe, R.
1992-01-01
An experimental and analytical program to study the local design details of a typical T-shaped web/flange intersection made from a metal matrix composite is described. Loads creating flange bending were applied to specimens having different designs and boundary conditions. Finite element analyses were conducted on models of the test specimens to predict the structural response. The analyses correctly predict failure load, mode, and location in the fillet material in the intersection region of the web and the flange when specimen quality is good. The test program shows the importance of fabrication quality in the intersection region. The full-scale test program that led to the investigation of this local detail is also described.
Study on Mach stems induced by interaction of planar shock waves on two intersecting wedges
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Gaoxiang Xiang; Chun Wang; Honghui Teng; Yang Yang; Zonglin Jiang
2016-01-01
The properties of Mach stems in hypersonic corner flow induced by Mach interaction over 3D inter-secting wedges were studied theoretically and numerically. A new method called “spatial dimension reduction” was used to analyze theoretically the location and Mach num-ber behind Mach stems. By using this approach, the problem of 3D steady shock/shock interaction over 3D intersecting wedges was transformed into a 2D moving one on cross sec-tions, which can be solved by shock-polar theory and shock dynamics theory. The properties of Mach interaction over 3D intersecting wedges can be analyzed with the new method, including pressure, temperature, density in the vicinity of triple points, location, and Mach number behind Mach stems. Theoretical results were compared with numerical results, and good agreement was obtained. Also, the influence of Mach number and wedge angle on the properties of a 3D Mach stem was studied.
Set methods of left-turn waiting zone at signalized intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DING Wei; YANG Xiao-guang; YANG Xiao-long
2009-01-01
To maximize the number of vehicles passing by the stop-line in a cycle and improve the operation ef-ficiency of intersection in China, the settlement of left-turn lane waiting-zone is becoming prevailing. Based on conflicting-point method, the internal mechanism of left-turn flow after stopping line was analyzed through taking postposition left-turn lane waiting-zone intersection for instance. The relationship between the first left-turn vehi-cle and the last vehicle of previous phase passing the conflicting point was expounded. According to the time of successive arriving of two vehicle flows at conflicting-point, the reasonable layout for waiting area of left-turn ve-hicles was researched when the clearance index was less than O. The results suggest that the appropriate layoutfor waiting area of left-turning vehicles can improve the operation efficiency of intersections.
USACE Navigation Channels 2012
California Department of Resources — This dataset represents both San Francisco and Los Angeles District navigation channel lines. All San Francisco District channel lines were digitized from CAD files...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Stott, Jennifer B; Jepps, Thomas Andrew; Greenwood, Iain A
2014-01-01
Potassium channels are key regulators of smooth muscle tone, with increases in activity resulting in hyperpolarisation of the cell membrane, which acts to oppose vasoconstriction. Several potassium channels exist within smooth muscle, but the KV7 family of voltage-gated potassium channels have been...
Quantum Multiple Access Channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
侯广; 黄民信; 张永德
2002-01-01
We consider the transmission of classical information over a quantum channel by many senders, which is a generalization of the two-sender case. The channel capacity region is shown to be a convex hull bound by the yon Neumann entropy and the conditional yon Neumann entropies. The result allows a reasonable distribution of channel capacity over the senders.
Cardiac potassium channel subtypes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schmitt, Nicole; Grunnet, Morten; Olesen, Søren-Peter
2014-01-01
About 10 distinct potassium channels in the heart are involved in shaping the action potential. Some of the K(+) channels are primarily responsible for early repolarization, whereas others drive late repolarization and still others are open throughout the cardiac cycle. Three main K(+) channels...
Intersection how enterprise design bridges the gap between business, technology, and people
Guenther, Milan
2012-01-01
Many organizations struggle with the dynamics and the complexity of today''s social ecosystems that connect everyone and everything, everywhere and all the time. Facing challenges at the intersection of business models, technical developments, and human needs, modern enterprises must overcome the siloed thinking and isolated efforts of the past, and instead address their relationships to people holistically. In Intersection, Milan Guenther introduces a Strategic Design approach that aligns the overarching efforts of Branding, Enterprise Architecture, and Experience Design, and sets them on a
Weakly R-KKM mappings intersection theorems and minimax inequalities in topological spaces
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DENG Lei; YANG Ming-ge
2007-01-01
In this paper, we introduce the concepts of weakly R-KKM mappings, R-convex and R-β-quasiconvex in general topological spaces without any convex structure.Relating to these, we obtain an extension to general topological spaces of Fan's matching theorem, namely that Lemma 1.2 in this paper. On this basis, two intersection theorems are proved in topological spaces. By using intersection theorems, some minimax inequalities of Ky Fan type are also proved in topological spaces. Our results generalize and improve the corresponding results in the literature.
INTERSECTION NUMBERS ON BUNDLES AND EULER CHARACTERISTIC%丛上的相交数与Euler数
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王伟沧; 徐栩
2003-01-01
In this article, we study the intersection numbers of cross sections of bundles on manifolds with boundary. By using the method of extending vector fields on doubled manifolds,we obtain an expression of the Euler characteristic in terms of intersection numbers.%本文主要研究了带边流形上丛截面的相交数.应用作倍流形上的向量场的延拓,我们得到了带边流形上的Euler数用相交数的表示.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
秦开怀; 范刚; 等
1994-01-01
The new algorithms for finding B-Spline or Bezier curves and surfaces intersections using recursive subdivision techniques are presented,which use extrapolating acceleration technique,and have convergent precision of order 2.Matrix method is used to subdivide the curves or surfaces which makes the subdivision more concise and intuitive.Dividing depths of Bezier curves and surfaces are used to subdivide the curves or surfaces adaptively.Therefore the convergent precision and the computing efficiency of finding the intersections of curves and surfaces have been improved by the methods proposed in the paper.
Phase diagram of a non-signalized T-shaped intersection
Echab, H.; Lakouari, N.; Ez-Zahraouy, H.; Benyoussef, A.
2016-11-01
In this paper, we investigated a non-signalized T-shaped intersection using the cellular automata model under the open boundary condition. Two different priority rules at intersection are introduced (Rule 1, Rule 2) to eliminate the jam-packed state. Phase diagram and its variation with the ratios of right and/or left turning vehicles are investigated. The space-time and the density profiles are also studied. The simulation results indicate that the system does not show the same performance under different priority rules, where Rule 1 (resp. Rule 2) can be better than Rule 2 (resp. Rule 1) according to the ratios of turning vehicles.
Towards an optimization of the LHC intersection region using new magnet technology
McIntyre, P; Koutchouk, Jean-Pierre
2006-01-01
A strategy for optimizing the intersection region of LHC is presented. The quadrupole triplet is moved closer to the intersection point, within the footprint of the detectors. The 350 T/m inner quadrupole is designed using a structured cable that incorporates internal refrigeration with supercritical helium. The separation dipole utilizes a levitated-pole design. This approach opens the possibility to achieve a minimum β* without increase of the chromatic and geometric aberrations. The crossing angle can be reduced, and the aperture required in the quadrupole triplet is reduced significantly. The additional space that is opened in the lattice can be used for additional quads to improve the insertion matching.
The axial dipole moment of two intersecting spheres of equal radii
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
McAllister, Iain Wilson
1988-01-01
The use of a finite number of image charges to solve electrostatic problems associated with two conducting spheres intersecting at an angle of pi/n (n an integer) has been known for over a century. If, however, only spheres of equal radii are considered, it is possible to extend the permissible a...... angles of intersection to 2pi/n. This condition is discussed with reference to the evaluation of the axial dipole moment. Journal of Applied Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics....
Exploring the intersection of race and gender in self-defense training.
Speidel, Lisa
2014-03-01
Research on the impact of women's self-defense classes has primarily focused on White women. I explore perceptions of race and gender identity of five African American women who participated in a semester-long self-defense class. I examine the relevance of the intersection of race and gender to their self-defense experience, focusing on three concepts commonly considered barriers in self-defense classes: body image and beauty standards, perceptions of strength, and perceived vulnerability to violence. Participants' responses reveal the ways that gender and race are experienced as integrated aspects of identity, pointing to the need for self-defense curricula to include an intersectional approach.
Protocol channels as a new design alternative of covert channels
Wendzel, Steffen
2008-01-01
Covert channel techniques are used by attackers to transfer hidden data. There are two main categories of covert channels: timing channels and storage channels. This paper introduces a third category called protocol channels. A protocol channel switches one of at least two protocols to send a bit combination to a destination while sent packets include no hidden information themselves.
Surface vacancy channels through ion channeling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Redinger, Alex; Standop, Sebastian; Michely, Thomas [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany); Rosandi, Yudi; Urbassek, Herbert M. [Fachbereich Physik, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger-Strasse, D-67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)
2009-07-01
Damage patterns of single ion impacts on Pt(111) have been studied by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and molecular dynamics simulations (MD). Low temperature experiments, where surface diffusion is absent, have been performed for argon and xenon ions with energies between 1 keV and 15 keV at an angle of incidence of 86 {sup circle} measured with respect to the surface normal. Ions hitting preexisting illuminated step edges penetrate into the crystal and are guided in open crystallographic directions, one or more layers underneath the surface (subsurface channeling). In the case of argon channeling the resulting surface damage consists of adatom and vacancy pairs aligned in ion beam direction. After xenon channeling thin surface vacancy trenches along the ion trajectories - surface vacancy channels - are observed. They result from very efficient sputtering and adatom production along the ion trajectory. This phenomena is well reproduced in molecular dynamics simulations of single ion impacts at 0 K. The damage patterns of Argon and Xenon impacts can be traced back to the different energy losses of the particles in the channel. Channeling distances exceeding 1000 A for 15 keV xenon impacts are observed.
Media Representation of Women Politicians from a Gender to an Intersectionality Perspective
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Fiig, Christina
2010-01-01
the debate on the media as a powerful political site for different groups of men and women politicians. The analytical point of the article is that a perspective of intersectionality deepens the understanding of the ways that the media organize power through stereotypical representation and homogenization...
Pierret, Chris; Friedrichsen, Patricia
2009-01-01
The intersection of science and our society has led to legal and ethical issues in which we all play a part. To support development of scientific literacy, college science courses need to engage students in difficult dialogues around ethical issues. We describe a new course, Stem Cells and Society, in which students explore the basic biology of…
Dagkas, Symeon
2016-09-01
Social justice education recognizes the discrepancies in opportunities among disadvantaged groups in society. The purpose of the articles in this special topic on social justice is to (a) provide a critical reflection on issues of social justice within health pedagogy and youth sport of Black and ethnic-minority (BME) young people; (b) provide a framework for the importance of intersectionality research (mainly the intersection of social class, race, and ethnicity) in youth sport and health pedagogy for social justice; and (c) contextualize the complex intersection and interplay of social issues (i.e., race, ethnicity, social classes) and their influence in shaping physical culture among young people with a BME background. The article argues that there are several social identities in any given pedagogical terrain that need to be heard and legitimized to avoid neglect and "othering." This article suggests that a resurgence of interest in theoretical frameworks such as intersectionality can provide an effective platform to legitimize "non-normative bodies" (diverse bodies) in health pedagogy and physical education and sport by voicing positionalities on agency and practice.
The Intersection of Homophobic Bullying and Racism in Adulthood: A Graduate School Experience
Misawa, Mitsunori
2009-01-01
The purpose of this article is to describe how homophobic bullying and bullying based on racism intersect in graduate school through the personal narrative of a gay Japanese male graduate student. First, I will provide a critical incident that demonstrates when, where, and how bullying based on homophobia and racism occurred in a specific graduate…
IMPROVING 9-INTERSECTION MODEL BY REPLACING THE COMPLEMENT WITH VORONOI REGION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
9-intersection model is the most popular framework used for formalizing the spatial relations between two spatial objects A and B. It transforms the topological relation ships between two simple spatial objects A and B into point-set topology problem in terms of the intersections of A's boundary ( A), interior (A0) and exterior (A - ) with B's bound ary ( B),interior (B0) and exterior (B-). It is shown in this paper that there exist some limitations of the original 9-intersection model due to its definition of an object's exterior as its complement,and it is difficult to distinguish different disjoint relations and relations be tween complex objects with holes, difficult or even impossible to compute the intersections with the two object' s complements ( A ∩ B -, A0 ∩ B -, A - ∩ B, A- ∩ B0 and A - ∩ B - )since the complements are infinitive. The authors suggest to re-define the exterior of spa tial object by replacing the complement with its Voronoi region. A new Voronoi-based 9-in- tersection (VNI) is proposed and used for formalizing topological relations between spatial objects. By improving the 9-interscetion model, it is now possible to distinguish disjoint rela tions and to deal with objects with boles. Also it is possible to compute the exterior-based in tersections and manipulate spatial relations with the VNI.
Coincidence Point Theorems, Intersection Theorems and Saddle Point Theorems on FC-spaces
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PIAO YONG-JIE; YIN ZHE
2009-01-01
In this paper, we first give the definitions of finitely continuous topological space and FC-subspace generated by some set, and obtain coincidence point theorem, whole intersection theorems and Ky Fan type matching theorems, and finally discuss the existence of saddle point as an application of coincidence point theorem.
Building Theory at the Intersection of Ecological Sustainability and Strategic Management
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Borland, Helen; Ambrosini, Véronique; Lindgreen, Adam;
2016-01-01
This article builds theory at the intersection of ecological sustainability and strategic management literature—specifically, in relation to dynamic capabilities literature. By combining industrial organization economics–based, resource-based, and dynamic capability–based views, it is possible...
CONTROLLING TRAFFIC FLOW IN MULTILANE-ISOLATED INTERSECTION USING ANFIS APPROACH TECHNIQUES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. R. LAI
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Many controllers have applied the Adaptive Neural-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS concept for optimizing the controller performance. However, there are less traffic signal controllers developed using the ANFIS concept. ANFIS traffic signal controller with its fuzzy rule base and its ability to learn from a set of sample data could improve the performance of Existing traffic signal controlling system to reduce traffic congestions at most of the busy traffic intersections in city such as Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The aim of this research is to develop an ANFIS traffic signals controller for multilane-isolated four approaches intersections in order to ease traffic congestions at traffic intersections. The new concept to generate sample data for ANFIS training is introduced in this research. The sample data is generated based on fuzzy rules and can be analysed using tree diagram. This controller is simulated on multilane-isolated traffic intersection model developed using M/M/1 queuing theory and its performance in terms of average waiting time, queue length and delay time are compared with traditional controllers and fuzzy controller. Simulation result shows that the average waiting time, queue length, and delay time of ANFIS traffic signal controller are the lowest as compared to the other three controllers. In conclusion, the efficiency and performance of ANFIS controller are much better than that of fuzzy and traditional controllers in different traffic volumes.
Grace, Andre P.
1997-01-01
Outlines a critical postmodern adult education practice that is inclusive of peoples and knowledges and inhabits a dynamic space. Key concepts include identity difference; intersection of power relations; community as a social contract; and conflict, voice, and dialog for transformative learning. (SK)
Detecting Road Users at Intersections Through Changing Weather Using RGB-Thermal Videos
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bahnsen, Chris; Moeslund, Thomas B.
2015-01-01
This paper compares the performance of a watch-dog sys- tem that detects road user actions in urban intersections to a KLT- based tracking system used in traffic surveillance. The two approaches are evaluated on 16 hours of video data captured by RGB and ther- mal cameras under challenging light...
Simon, Lisa; Norton, Nadjwa E. L.
2011-01-01
This article seeks to expand the possibilities of support that children's and young adult literature provides to activist-oriented educators. Joining our voices to others who have made significant contributions to this emphasis, our work examines a too-often-silenced aspect of activism: its intersection with spirituality. Using an inclusive…
Sturm intersection theory for periodic Jacobi matrices and linear Hamiltonian systems
Schulz-Baldes, Hermann
2011-01-01
Sturm-Liouville oscillation theory for periodic Jacobi operators with matrix entries is discussed and illustrated. The proof simplifies and clarifies the use of intersection theory of Bott, Maslov and Conley-Zehnder. It is shown that the eigenvalue problem for linear Hamiltonian systems can be dealt with by the same approach.
Cottrell, Michael; Preston, Jane P.; Pearce, Joe
2012-01-01
Viewing education as a contested site in the intersection of modernity, indigeneity, globalization, and postcolonialism, we explore relations between Aboriginal peoples and public schools in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. Posing a profound challenge to provincial policy underpinned by global educational culture, indigeneity constitutes a…
Githinji, V.; Crane, T.A.
2014-01-01
Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in Nsisha, a rural village located close to the shores of Lake Victoria in northwestern Tanzania, this article analyzes how climate change and variability intersect with other stressors that affect rural livelihoods, particularly HIV/AIDS. The analysis inte
Homonormativity in Children's Literature: An Intersectional Analysis of Queer-Themed Picture Books
Lester, Jasmine Z.
2014-01-01
Effective social justice movements, including those at the level of children's literature, address the ways different forms of oppression intersect and affect the experiences of diverse queer identities. Children's literature can help combat heteronormative discourse by instilling at a young age the inherent value of all people.…
Riera, Jose-Luis
2013-01-01
As senior student affairs administrators (SSAAs) seek to lead effectively in higher education, some SSAAs consider spiritual resources to enhance leadership practice. Yet, empirical literature on the intersection of spirituality and leadership in higher education is relatively absent and needs to be deepened and broadened. The purpose of this…
Intersectionality in Context: A Mixed-Methods Approach to Researching the Faculty Experience
Pifer, Meghan J.
2011-01-01
This article describes a mixed-methods approach to integrating the methodological tools of social network analysis and qualitative research to explore intersectionality as it pertains to faculty experiences in institutional contexts. These research strategies, employed at the individual and aggregate levels, can be useful tools as institutions aim…
Jones, Susan R.; Kim, Yoolee Choe; Skendall, Kristan Cilente
2012-01-01
The purpose of this autoethnographic study was to explore the lived experience of identity construction and negotiation of multiple identities using an intersectional framework. Results present examples of the troublesome nature of authenticity as multiple identities were negotiated and managed based upon context and the influence of power and…
Deriving average delay of traffic flow around intersections from vehicle trajectory data
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Minyue ZHAO; Xiang LI
2013-01-01
Advances of positioning and wireless communication technologies make it possible to collect a large number of trajectory data of moving vehicles in a fast and convenient fashion.The data can be applied to various fields such as traffic study.In this paper,we attempt to derive average delay of traffic flow around intersections and verify the results with changes of time.The intersection zone is delineated first.Positioning points geographically located within this zone are selected,and then outliers are removed.Turn trips are extracted from selected trajectory data.Each trip,physically consisting of time-series positioning points,is identified with entry road segment and turning direction,i.e.target road segment.Turn trips are grouped into different categories according to their time attributes.Then,delay of each trip during a turn is calculated with its recorded speed.Delays of all trips in the same period of time are plotted to observe the change pattern of traffic conditions.Compared to conventional approaches,the proposed method can be applied to those intersections without fixed data collection devices such as loop detectors since a large number of trajectory data can always provide a more complete spatio-temporal picture of a road network.With respect to data availability,taxi trajectory data and an intersection in Shanghai are employed to test the proposed methodology.Results demonstrate its applicability.
The Intersection of Black Lives Matter and Adult Education: One Community College Initiative
Miller, Brian; Schwartz, Joni
2016-01-01
This chapter is a call to action for adult educators to critically engage the Black Lives Matter Movement through pedagogy, community engagement and scholarly activism. It explores the intersection of the Black Lives Matter movement and adult education by highlighting the response of one community college initiative.
Greenwood, Ronni Michelle
2008-01-01
This article introduces an intersectional approach to political consciousness and presents data to demonstrate its importance for predicting solidarity in diverse social change organizations. Women activists (N = 174) completed measures of political consciousness, diversity, and solidarity. As expected, women differed in the degree to which their…
IMPACTS OF GROUP-BASED SIGNAL CONTROL POLICY ON DRIVER BEHAVIOR AND INTERSECTION SAFETY
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Keshuang TANG
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Unlike the typical stage-based policy commonly applied in Japan, the group-based control (often called movement-based in the traffic control industry in Japan refers to such a control pattern that the controller is capable of separately allocating time to each signal group instead of stage based on traffic demand. In order to investigate its applicability at signalized intersections in Japan, an intersection located in Yokkaichi City of Mie Prefecture was selected as an experimental application site by the Japan Universal Traffic Management Society (UTMS. Based on the data collected at the intersection before and after implementing the group-based control policy respectively, this study evaluated the impacts of such a policy on driver behavior and intersection safety. To specify those impacts, a few models utilizing cycle-based data were first developed to interpret the occurrence probability and rate of red-light-running (RLR. Furthermore, analyses were performed on the yellow-entry time (Ye of the last cleared vehicle and post encroachment time (PET during the phase switching. Conclusions supported that the group-based control policy, along with certain other factors, directly or indirectly influenced the RLR behavior of through and right-turn traffics. Meanwhile, it has potential safety benefits as well, indicated by the declined Ye and increased PET values.
A comprehensive driver behavior model for the evaluation of intelligent intersections
Schaap, Nina; Arem, van Bart
2006-01-01
Many traffic problems occur on urban intersections. Advanced Driver Assistance Systems aim to solve these problems. However, their effects cannot be deduced directly from observing normal driving behavior, because adding a system alters the driving task. A model must be used to represent both normal
Fuller, Sylvia; Vosko, Leah F.
2008-01-01
Using data from the 2002-2004 waves of Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, this article investigates the consequences of different types of temporary employment--fixed-term or contract, casual, agency and seasonal employment--for differently situated workers in Canada. Attention to intersecting social locations of gender, race and immigrant…
Ravera, Federica; Martín-López, Berta; Pascual, Unai; Drucker, Adam
2016-12-01
This paper examines climate change adaptation and gender issues through an application of a feminist intersectional approach. This approach permits the identification of diverse adaptation responses arising from the existence of multiple and fragmented dimensions of identity (including gender) that intersect with power relations to shape situation-specific interactions between farmers and ecosystems. Based on results from contrasting research cases in Bihar and Uttarakhand, India, this paper demonstrates, inter alia, that there are geographically determined gendered preferences and adoption strategies regarding adaptation options and that these are influenced by the socio-ecological context and institutional dynamics. Intersecting identities, such as caste, wealth, age and gender, influence decisions and reveal power dynamics and negotiation within the household and the community, as well as barriers to adaptation among groups. Overall, the findings suggest that a feminist intersectional approach does appear to be useful and worth further exploration in the context of climate change adaptation. In particular, future research could benefit from more emphasis on a nuanced analysis of the intra-gender differences that shape adaptive capacity to climate change.
Gallagher, Brian R.; de Oca, Patricia Montes
1998-01-01
Presents guidelines for orientation and mobility instructors and traffic engineers to assess the need for adaptive devices to make crosswalks at signalized intersections accessible to pedestrians with visual impairments. The discussions of audible and tactile pedestrian devices, along with case examples, distinguish when each device should be…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Birk-Sørensen, Martin
1996-01-01
The connection between longitudinals and transverse web frames, is a weak point in the fatigue strength of a ship structure. Moreover it is very expensive to repair fatigue damages in these intersections, and a fatigue analysis for a specific detail was therefore carried out in order to seek to i...
Computing top intersections in the tautological ring of $M_g$
Liu, Kefeng
2010-01-01
We derive effective recursion formulae of top intersections in the tautological ring $R^*(M_g)$ of the moduli space of curves of genus $g\\geq 2$. As an application, we prove a convolution-type tautological relation in $R^{g-2}(M_g)$.
The language intersection problem for non-recursive context-free grammars
Nederhof, M.J.; Satta, G
2004-01-01
We prove that, given as input two context-free grammars, deciding non-emptiness of intersection of the two generated languages is PSPACE-complete if at least one grammar is non-recursive. The problem remains PSPACE-complete when both grammars are non-recursive and deterministic. Also investigated ar
"Cuentos": The Intersection of Mexican-American Women and Special Education
Martinez-Rolle, Blanca
2011-01-01
Historically, there has been a silence within disability and feminist studies to explore the intersection of gender, disability, and ethnicity. Through this silence, the of voices of Mexican-American women who were identified with learning disabilities and received special education services have been omitted. Through their personal narratives,…
Safety Impacts of Push-Button and Countdown Timer on Nonmotorized Traffic at Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bei Zhou
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper applies the random parameters negative binominal model to investigate safety impacts of push-button and countdown timer on pedestrians and cyclists at urban intersections. To account for possible unobserved heterogeneity which could vary from one intersection to another, random parameters model is introduced. A simulation-based maximum likelihood method using Halton draws is applied to estimate the maximum likelihood of random parameters in the model. Dataset containing pedestrians’ and cyclists’ crash data of 1,001 intersections from Chicago is utilized to establish the statistical relationship between crash frequencies and potential impact factors. LIMDEP (Version 9.0 statistical package is utilized for modeling. The parameter estimation results indicate that existence of push-button and countdown timer could significantly reduce crash frequencies of pedestrians and cyclists at intersections. Increasing number of through traffic lanes, left turn lanes, and ratio of major direction AADT to minor direction AADT, tend to increase crash frequencies. Annual average daily left turn traffic has a negative impact on pedestrians’ safety, but its impact on cyclists’ crash frequency is statistically insignificant at 90% confidence level. The results of current study could provide important insights for nonmotorized traffic safety improvement projects in both planning and operational levels.
Zhang, X.; Sawaguchi, T.; Ogawa, K.; Yin, F.; Zhao, X.
2011-09-01
The orientation dependence of ɛ martensite during loading of a polycrystalline austenitic Fe-30Mn-4Si-2Al steel has been investigated by electron backscatter diffraction, emphasising the variant selection rule and plate-plate intersection reactions. Two types of plate-plate intersection reactions, which are characterised by incident shear direction of either 30° or 90° with respect to the intersection axis, were found in the grains along the [001]-[111] directions and [001]-[101] directions, respectively. In the intersecting volume of the latter type reaction, a γ phase rotated 90° from the austenite matrix along the ⟨011⟩ zone axis of the intersecting ɛ plates, which was theoretically predicted by Sleeswyk [A.W. Sleeswyk, Philos. Mag. 7 (1962) p.1597], has been experimentally observed for the first time.
Traffic Safety of Older Drivers in Various Types of Road Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tomaž Tollazzi
2010-05-01
Full Text Available In industrialized countries people over 50 years of age represent a rapidly growing part of population. Their lifestyle is also becoming more active, which means that the percentage of older drivers in the population of all drivers is also increasing. Many different studies have shown that elderly drivers are more frequently involved in specific types of accidents, especially at intersections. In the past 15 years there was a trend of increasing popularity of roundabouts in Slovenia. Their introduction was generally supported by the arguments of increased traffic-flow capacity and traffic safety as well. The studies on which these arguments are based were performed with an “ideal” type of driver in mind; the one that fully understands new rules and reacts correctly in all situations that may occur at such intersections, where there are no light signals to guide them. An elderly person does not necessarily conform to that ideal and if the percentage of elderly drivers became significant, the premises of the above mentioned studies may not be correct anymore which in turn implies that their results could also be questioned. The present study concentrated on the evaluation of traffic safety of elderly drivers, at various types of intersection, from their own perspective. Various statistical analyses of obtained data were performed. The most important finding was that we may claim, with high degree of probability, that the average person of the age of over 60 feels more unsafe at double-lane roundabouts than they would feel had the same intersection been equipped with traffic lights. Elderly traffic participants will always cause more accidents or participate in them due to hazardous factors. Challenge, arising from many different studies and researches, is in studying what measures and solutions can reduce the risk for elderly participants. KEYWORDS: traffic safety, road intersections, roundabouts, elderly people, older drivers
Diagnostics of discharge channels for neutralized chamber transport in heavy ion fusion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Niemann, C.; Penache, D.; Tauschwitz, A.; Rosmej, F.B.; Neff, S.; Birkner, R.; Constantin, C.; Knobloch, R.; Presura, R.; Yu, S.S.; Sharp, W.M.; Ponce, D.M.; Hoffmann, D.H.H.
2002-05-01
The final beam transport in the reactor chamber for heavy ion fusion in preformed plasma channels offers many attractive advantages compared to other transport modes. In the past few years, experiments at the Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) accelerator facility have addressed the creation and investigation of discharge plasmas, designed for the transport of intense ion beams. Stable, self-standing channels of 50 cm length with currents up to 55 kA were initiated in low-pressure ammonia gas by a CO{sub 2}-laser pulse along the channel axis before the discharge is triggered. The channels were characterized by several plasma diagnostics including interferometry and spectroscopy. We also present first experiments on laser-guided intersecting discharges.
Yard, J; Devetak, I; Yard, Jon; Hayden, Patrick; Devetak, Igor
2006-01-01
We analyze quantum broadcast channels, which are quantum channels with a single sender and many receivers. Focusing on channels with two receivers for simplicity, we generalize a number of results from the network Shannon theory literature which give the rates at which two senders can receive a common message, while a personalized one is sent to one of them. Our first collection of results applies to channels with a classical input and quantum outputs. The second class of theorems we prove concern sending a common classical message over a quantum broadcast channel, while sending quantum information to one of the receivers. The third group of results we obtain concern communication over an isometry, giving the rates at quantum information can be sent to one receiver, while common quantum information is sent to both, in the sense that tripartite GHZ entanglement is established. For each scenario, we provide an additivity proof for an appropriate class of channels, yielding single-letter characterizations of the...
Bowen, G
2002-01-01
In classical information theory the capacity of a noisy communication channel cannot be increased by the use of feedback. In quantum information theory the no-cloning theorem means that noiseless copying and feedback of quantum information cannot be achieved. In this paper, quantum feedback is defined as the unlimited use of a noiseless quantum channel from receiver to sender. Given such quantum feedback, it is shown to provide no increase in the entanglement-assisted capacities of a noisy quantum channel, in direct analogy to the classical case. It is also shown that in various cases of non-assisted capacities, feedback can increase the capacity of many quantum channels.
Valverde, Miguel A; Cantero-Recasens, Gerard; Garcia-Elias, Anna; Jung, Carole; Carreras-Sureda, Amado; Vicente, Rubén
2011-09-23
Ion channels are specialized transmembrane proteins that permit the passive flow of ions following their electrochemical gradients. In the airways, ion channels participate in the production of epithelium-based hydroelectrolytic secretions and in the control of intracellular Ca(2+) levels that will ultimately activate almost all lung cells, either resident or circulating. Thus, ion channels have been the center of many studies aiming to understand asthma pathophysiological mechanisms or to identify therapeutic targets for better control of the disease. In this minireview, we focus on molecular, genetic, and animal model studies associating ion channels with asthma.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Swarna Bais
2016-12-01
Full Text Available Praziquantel (PZQ is effectively the only drug currently available for treatment and control of schistosomiasis, a disease affecting hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Many anthelmintics, likely including PZQ, target ion channels, membrane protein complexes essential for normal functioning of the neuromusculature and other tissues. Despite this fact, only a few classes of parasitic helminth ion channels have been assessed for their pharmacological properties or for their roles in parasite physiology. One such overlooked group of ion channels is the transient receptor potential (TRP channel superfamily. TRP channels share a common core structure, but are widely diverse in their activation mechanisms and ion selectivity. They are critical to transducing sensory signals, responding to a wide range of external stimuli. They are also involved in other functions, such as regulating intracellular calcium and organellar ion homeostasis and trafficking. Here, we review current literature on parasitic helminth TRP channels, focusing on those in schistosomes. We discuss the likely roles of these channels in sensory and locomotor activity, including the possible significance of a class of TRP channels (TRPV that is absent in schistosomes. We also focus on evidence indicating that at least one schistosome TRP channel (SmTRPA has atypical, TRPV1-like pharmacological sensitivities that could potentially be exploited for future therapeutic targeting.
A linearization of quantum channels
Crowder, Tanner
2015-06-01
Because the quantum channels form a compact, convex set, we can express any quantum channel as a convex combination of extremal channels. We give a Euclidean representation for the channels whose inverses are also valid channels; these are a subset of the extreme points. They form a compact, connected Lie group, and we calculate its Lie algebra. Lastly, we calculate a maximal torus for the group and provide a constructive approach to decomposing any invertible channel into a product of elementary channels.
Restrepo-Angulo, Iván; De Vizcaya-Ruiz, Andrea; Camacho, Javier
2010-08-01
Ion channels play essential roles in human physiology and toxicology. Cardiac contraction, neural transmission, temperature sensing, insulin release, regulation of apoptosis, cellular pH and oxidative stress, as well as detection of active compounds from chilli, are some of the processes in which ion channels have an important role. Regulation of ion channels by several chemicals including those found in air, water and soil represents an interesting potential link between environmental pollution and human diseases; for instance, de novo expression of ion channels in response to exposure to carcinogens is being considered as a potential tool for cancer diagnosis and therapy. Non-specific binding of several drugs to ion channels is responsible for a huge number of undesirable side-effects, and testing guidelines for several drugs now require ion channel screening for pharmaceutical safety. Animal toxins targeting human ion channels have serious effects on the population and have also provided a remarkable tool to study the molecular structure and function of ion channels. In this review, we will summarize the participation of ion channels in biological processes extensively used in toxicological studies, including cardiac function, apoptosis and cell proliferation. Major findings on the adverse effects of drugs on ion channels as well as the regulation of these proteins by different chemicals, including some pesticides, are also reviewed. Association of ion channels and toxicology in several biological processes strongly suggests these proteins to be excellent candidates to follow the toxic effects of xenobiotics, and as potential early indicators of life-threatening situations including chronic degenerative diseases.
Axial ion channeling patterns from ultra-thin silicon membranes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Motapothula, M., E-mail: g0801315@nus.edu.sg [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Dang, Z.Y. [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Venkatesan, T. [NanoCore, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Breese, M.B.H. [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); SSLS, National University of Singapore, 5 Research Link, Singapore 117603 (Singapore); Rana, M.A. [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Osman, A. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Shahdara Valley Road, Islamabad (Pakistan)
2012-07-15
We present channeling patterns produced by MeV protons transmitted through 55 nm thick [0 0 1] silicon membranes showing the early evolution of the axially channeled beam angular distribution for small tilts away from the [0 0 1], [0 1 1] and [1 1 1] axes. Instead of a ring-like 'doughnut' distribution previously observed at small tilts to major axes in thicker membranes, geometric shapes such as squares and hexagons are observed along different axes in ultra-thin membranes. The different shapes arise because of the highly non-equilibrium transverse momentum distribution of the channeled beam during its initial propagation in the crystal and the reduced multiple scattering which allows the fine angular structure to be resolved. We describe a simple geometric construction of the intersecting planar channels at an axis to gain insight into the origin of the geometric shapes observed in such patterns and how they evolve into the 'doughnut' distributions in thicker crystals.
Groundwater Discharge along a Channelized Coastal Plain Stream
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
LaSage, Danita M [Ky Dept for natural resources, Div of Mine Permits; Sexton, Joshua L [JL Sexton and Son; Mukherjee, Abhijit [Univ of Tx, Jackson School of Geosciences, Bur of Econ. Geology; Fryar, Alan E [Univ of KY, Dept of Earth and Geoligical Sciences; Greb, Stephen F [Univ of KY, KY Geological Survey
2015-10-01
In the Coastal Plain of the southeastern USA, streams have commonly been artificially channelized for flood control and agricultural drainage. However, groundwater discharge along such streams has received relatively little attention. Using a combination of stream- and spring-flow measurements, spring temperature measurements, temperature profiling along the stream-bed, and geologic mapping, we delineated zones of diffuse and focused discharge along Little Bayou Creek, a channelized, first-order perennial stream in western Kentucky. Seasonal variability in groundwater discharge mimics hydraulic-head fluctuations in a nearby monitoring well and spring-discharge fluctuations elsewhere in the region, and is likely to reflect seasonal variability in recharge. Diffuse discharge occurs where the stream is incised into the semi-confined regional gravel aquifer, which is comprised of the Mounds Gravel. Focused discharge occurs upstream where the channel appears to have intersected preferential pathways within the confining unit. Seasonal fluctuations in discharge from individual springs are repressed where piping results in bank collapse. Thereby, focused discharge can contribute to the morphological evolution of the stream channel.
Athermalized channeled spectropolarimeter enhancement.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jones, Julia Craven; Way, Brandyn Michael; Mercier, Jeffrey Alan; Hunt, Jeffery P.
2013-09-01
Channeled spectropolarimetry can measure the complete polarization state of light as a function of wavelength. Typically, a channeled spectropolarimeter uses high order retarders made of uniaxial crystal to amplitude modulate the measured spectrum with the spectrally-dependent Stokes polarization information. A primary limitation of conventional channeled spectropolarimeters is related to the thermal variability of the retarders. Thermal variation often forces frequent system recalibration, particularly for field deployed systems. However, implementing thermally stable retarders, made of biaxial crystal, results in an athermal channeled spectropolarimeter that relieves the need for frequent recalibration. This report presents experimental results for an anthermalized channeled spectropolarimeter prototype produced using potassium titanyl phosphate. The results of this prototype are compared to the current thermal stabilization state of the art. Finally, the application of the technique to the thermal infrared is studied, and the athermalization concept is applied to an infrared imaging spectropolarimeter design.
Ghavami, Negin; Peplau, Letitia Anne
2017-03-06
Heterosexual urban middle school students' (N = 1,757) stereotypes about gender typicality, intelligence, and aggression were assessed. Students (Mage = 12.36 years) rated Facebook-like profiles of peers who varied by gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Several hypotheses about how the gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation of target peers intersect to shape stereotypes were tested. As predicted, a peer's sexual orientation determined stereotypes of gender typicality, with gay and lesbian students viewed as most atypical. As expected, ethnicity shaped stereotypes of intelligence, with Asian American students seen as most intelligent. Gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation independently and jointly affected stereotypes of aggression. These results demonstrate the value of an intersectional approach to the study of stereotypes. Implications for future research and practice are offered.
Stochastic User Equilibrium Traffic Assignment with Turn-delays in Intersections
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Otto Anker; Simonsen, Nikolaj; Frederiksen, Rasmus Dyhr
1997-01-01
Turn-delays in intersections contribute significant to travel times and thus route choices in urban networks. However, turns are difficult to handle in traffic assignment models due to the asymmetric Jacobian in the cost functions. The paper describes a model where turn delays have been included...... in the solution algorithm of Sto-chastic User Equilibrium traffic assignment (SUE). When the Jacobian is symme-tric, SUE minimises the road users' 'perceived travel resistance’s'. This equals a probit-model where the links cost-functions are traffic dependent. Hereby, overlap-ping routes are handled...... intersections a separate model handles queues longer than one green-period. Green-waves can also be taken into consideration. The model has been tested on a large-scale network for Copenhagen with good results. To make it possible to establish the comprehensive data, a GIS-based 'expert system' was implemented....
Vehicle Delay Estimation for an Isolated Intersection under Actuated Signal Control
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shumin Feng
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Vehicle delay at an actuated signal control (ASC intersection is analyzed and computed with the aim of reflecting the effects of ASC and optimizing its parameters. The operation characteristics of traffic flows at the intersections serve as the foundation to present the mechanism of vehicle delay under the ASC; given that the arrival of vehicles obeys the Poisson distribution, probability algorithms of vehicle delay are put forward under the semi-ASC and fully ASC depending on discretization of green time. Computation process is illustrated by case study and CORSIM simulation experiments. Finally, the primary results indicate that the appropriate control modes can decrease vehicle delay, which is significantly affected by unit extension. Hopefully, the study will provide useful information for selecting different ASC modes and optimizing signal control parameters.
On the Busemann-Petty's Problem for Lp-intersection Body
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MA Tong-yi
2012-01-01
Haberl and Ludwig introduced the Lp-intersection body IpK for an originsymmetric star body K in Rn,where p ＜ 1 and p ≠ 0. In this paper,we consider the Busemann-Petty's problem for Lp-intersection bodies IpK and IpL.That is,whether Ip,K (C) IpL implies Voln(K) ≤ Voln(L).We obtain that for two origin-symmetric star bodies K and L in Rn,such that (Rn,||·|| K) embeds in L-p and IpK (C) IpL,then voln (K) ≤ voln (L)for 0 ＜ p ＜ 1 and voln(K) ≥ voln(L) for p ＜ 0.
Trajectory Generation Model-Based IMM Tracking for Safe Driving in Intersection Scenario
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tingting Zhou
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Tracking the actions of vehicles at crossroads and planning safe trajectories will be an effective method to reduce the rate of traffic accident at intersections. It is to resolve the problem of the abrupt change because of the existence of drivers' voluntary choices. In this paper, we make approach of an improved IMM tracking method based on trajectory generation, abstracted by trajectory generation algorithm, to improve this situation. Because of the similarity between human-driving trajectory and programming trajectory which is generated by trajectory-generated algorithm, the improved IMM method performs well in tracking moving vehicles with some sudden changes of its movement. A set of data is collected for experiments when an object vehicle takes a sudden left turn in intersection scenario. To compare the experiment results between IMM method with trajectory generation model and the one without, tracking error of the former decreases by 75% in particular scenario.
Moving Objects Detection Using Intersecting Cortical Model in Enhanced Fish-eye Image
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Jian-hui; YANG Kun-tao; DU Jian-rong; ZHANG Nan-yang-sheng
2009-01-01
A new method of the moving objects detection using the enhanced fish-eye lens and the intersecting cortical model (ICM) algorithm is proposed. The improved fish-eye lens is designed through controlling the entrance pupils of the lens.This lens has an ultra field of view about 183 degrees,and can image resolution.The ICM is a model based on pulse coupled neural network(PCNN) which is especially designed for image processing.It is derived from several visual cortex models and is basically the intersection of these models.The theoretical foundation of the ICM is given.An improved ICM algorithm in which some parameters are modified is used to detect moving objects specially.The experiment indicated that moving objects can be detected reliably and efficiently using ICM algorithm from the elliptical fish-eye image.It can be used in the field of traffic monitoring and other security domains.
Quadrant analysis of turbulent pollution flux above the modelled street intersection
Kukačka, L.; Nosek, Š.; Kellnerová, R.; Jurčáková, K.; Jaňour, Z.
2013-04-01
The objective of this experimental study is to determine processes of a vertical turbulent pollution transport above the X-shaped street intersection in an idealised symmetric urban area for several approach flow directions. An experimental set-up for simultaneous measurement of the flow velocity and the tracer gas concentration in a high temporal resolution is assembled. Vertical turbulent scalar fluxes are computed from the measured data in a horizontal plane above the street intersection. The quadrant analysis was applied to the vertical turbulent pollution fluxes data. Events with dominant contribution to vertical turbulent pollution flux were detected. The mean duration, repetition frequency and the duration percentage were computed for these events. A strong influence of the approach flow direction on the the type of dominant events and their characteristics was resolved.
Quadrant analysis of turbulent pollution flux above the modelled street intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jaňour Z.
2013-04-01
Full Text Available The objective of this experimental study is to determine processes of a vertical turbulent pollution transport above the X-shaped street intersection in an idealised symmetric urban area for several approach flow directions. An experimental set-up for simultaneous measurement of the flow velocity and the tracer gas concentration in a high temporal resolution is assembled. Vertical turbulent scalar fluxes are computed from the measured data in a horizontal plane above the street intersection. The quadrant analysis was applied to the vertical turbulent pollution fluxes data. Events with dominant contribution to vertical turbulent pollution flux were detected. The mean duration, repetition frequency and the duration percentage were computed for these events. A strong influence of the approach flow direction on the the type of dominant events and their characteristics was resolved.
Gendered Race: Are Infants’ Face Preferences Guided by Intersectionality of Sex and Race?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hojin I Kim
2015-09-01
Full Text Available People occupy multiple social categories simultaneously (e.g., a White female, and this complex intersectionality affects fundamental aspects of social perception. Here, we examined the possibility that infant face processing may be susceptible to effects of intersectionality of sex and race. Three- and 10-month-old infants were shown a series of computer-generated face pairs (5 s each that differed according to sex (F or M or race (Asian, Black, or White. All possible combinations of face pairs were tested, and preferences were recorded with an eye tracker. Infants showed preferences for more feminine faces only when they were White, but we found no evidence that White or Asian faces were preferred even though they are relatively more feminized. These findings challenge the notions that infants’ social categories are processed independently of one another and that infants’ preferences for sex or race can be explained from mere exposure.
Das, Sanjoy
2012-01-01
Geocasting is a special variant of multicasting, where data packet or message is transmitted to a predefined geographical location i.e., known as geocast region. The applications of geocasting in VANET are to disseminate information like, collision warning, advertising, alerts message, etc. In this paper, we have proposed a model for highway scenario where the highway is divided into number of cells. The intersection area between two successive cells is computed to find the number of common nodes. Therefore, probabilistic analysis of the nodes present and void occurrence in the intersection area is carried out. Further, we have defined different forwarding zones to restrict the number of participated nodes for data delivery. Number of nodes present and void occurrence in the different forwarding zones have also been analysed based on various node density in the network to determine the successful delivery of data. Our analytical results show that in a densely populated network, data can be transmitted with lo...
Upper tails of self-intersection local times of random walks: survey of proof techniques
König, Wolfgang
2010-01-01
The asymptotics of the probability that the self-intersection local time of a random walk on $\\Z^d$ exceeds its expectation by a large amount is a fascinating subject because of its relation to some models from Statistical Mechanics, to large-deviation theory and variational analysis and because of the variety of the effects that can be observed. However, the proof of the upper bound is notoriously difficult and requires various sophisticated techniques. We survey some heuristics and some recently elaborated techniques and results. This is an extended summary of a talk held on the CIRM-conference on {\\it Excess self-intersection local times, and related topics} in Luminy, 6-10 Dec., 2010.
Welfare policymaking and intersections of race, ethnicity, and gender in U.S. state legislatures.
Reingold, Beth; Smith, Adrienne R
2012-01-01
Welfare policy in the American states has been shaped profoundly by race, ethnicity, and representation. Does gender matter as well? Focusing on state welfare reform in the mid-1990s, we test hypotheses derived from two alternative approaches to incorporating gender into the study of representation and welfare policymaking. An additive approach, which assumes gender and race/ethnicity are distinct and independent, suggests that female state legislators—regardless of race/ethnicity—will mitigate the more restrictive and punitive aspects of welfare reform, much like their African American and Latino counterparts do. In contrast, an intersectional approach, which highlights the overlapping and interdependent nature of gender and race/ethnicity, suggests that legislative women of color will have the strongest countervailing effect on state welfare reform—stronger than that of other women or men of color. Our empirical analyses suggest an intersectional approach yields a more accurate understanding of gender, race/ethnicity, and welfare politics in the states.
Effects of turning and through lane sharing on traffic performance at intersections
Li, Xiang; Sun, Jian-Qiao
2016-02-01
Turning vehicles strongly influence traffic flows at intersections. Effective regulation of turning vehicles is important to achieve better traffic performance. This paper studies the impact of lane sharing and turning signals on traffic performance at intersections by using cellular automata. Both right-turn and left-turn lane sharing are studied. Interactions between vehicles and pedestrians are considered. The transportation efficiency, road safety and energy economy are the traffic performance metrics. Extensive simulations are carried out to study the traffic performance indices. It is observed that shared turning lanes and permissive left-turn signal improve the transportation efficiency and reduce the fuel consumption in most cases, but the safety is usually sacrificed. It is not always beneficial for the through vehicles when they are allowed to be in the turning lanes.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ioan Halalae
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Computational Geometry is currently using approximation techniques based on convex polygons, with good results in some topics, but with severe limitation of applicability. In this paper we present the first step of a larger project, aiming to lead us to the plane projection of a 3D surface obtained by intersecting two cylinders (a very frequent problem in obtaining the stencils for welded ensembles. As a first step, we present an algorithm for experimentally obtaining the intersection curve of two cylinders. The new paradigm and also the fundamentally new aspect of our project is that we construct our algorithm by simulation of the analytical relations describing the curve, and not by approximation using convex polygons.
Negative Flash for Calculating the Intersecting Key Tie lines in Multicomponent Gas Injection
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yan, Wei; Michelsen, Michael Locht; Stenby, Erling Halfdan
2014-01-01
to the initial oil where all the intersecting key tielines must be identified. Calculation of these intersecting tielines requires a series of special negative flashes, which allow not only phase fractions outside the physical interval [0,1] but also negative feed compositions. The phase compositions from one...... negative flash are used to recombine the feed for the next negative flash. Despite the apparent complexity due to multicomponent phase equilibrium and transport, for pure component gas injection, negative flash and elimination of components can be performed in an alternating manner. In particular, if K......-values are constant, there exists a simple feature that the vapor fraction roots (beta-roots) for the RachfordRice equation for the initial oil are the roots to be found in all the negative flashes involved. This leads to a simple and well-structured algorithm for the solution with constant K-values. A special...
Enhancing and expanding intersectional research for climate change adaptation in agrarian settings.
Thompson-Hall, Mary; Carr, Edward R; Pascual, Unai
2016-12-01
Most current approaches focused on vulnerability, resilience, and adaptation to climate change frame gender and its influence in a manner out-of-step with contemporary academic and international development research. The tendency to rely on analyses of the sex-disaggregated gender categories of 'men' and 'women' as sole or principal divisions explaining the abilities of different people within a group to adapt to climate change, illustrates this problem. This framing of gender persists in spite of established bodies of knowledge that show how roles and responsibilities that influence a person´s ability to deal with climate-induced and other stressors emerge at the intersection of diverse identity categories, including but not limited to gender, age, seniority, ethnicity, marital status, and livelihoods. Here, we provide a review of relevant literature on this topic and argue that approaching vulnerability to climate change through intersectional understandings of identity can help improve adaptation programming, project design, implementation, and outcomes.
Cycle-by-Cycle Queue Length Estimation for Signalized Intersections Using Multi-Source Data
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhongyu Wang; Qing Cai; Bing Wu; Yinhai Wang; Linbo Li
2015-01-01
In order to estimate vehicular queue length at signalized intersections accurately and overcome the shortcomings and restrictions of existing studies especially those based on shockwave theory, a new methodology is presented for estimating vehicular queue length using data from both point detectors and probe vehicles. The methodology applies the shockwave theory to model queue evolution over time and space. Using probe vehicle locations and times as well as point detector measured traffic states, analytical formulations for calculating the maximum and minimum ( residual) queue length are developed. The proposed methodology is verified using ground truth data collected from numerical experiments conducted in Shanghai, China. It is found that the methodology has a mean absolute percentage error of 17�09%, which is reasonably effective in estimating the queue length at traffic signalized intersections. Limitations of the proposed models and algorithms are also discussed in the paper.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhengnan Li
2016-01-01
Full Text Available To solve the multiobjective optimization problem on hypersonic glider vehicle trajectory design subjected to complex constraints, this paper proposes a multiobjective trajectory optimization method that combines the boundary intersection method and pseudospectral method. The multiobjective trajectory optimization problem (MTOP is established based on the analysis of the feature of hypersonic glider vehicle trajectory. The MTOP is translated into a set of general optimization subproblems by using the boundary intersection method and pseudospectral method. The subproblems are solved by nonlinear programming algorithm. In this method, the solution that has been solved is employed as the initial guess for the next subproblem so that the time consumption of the entire multiobjective trajectory optimization problem shortens. The maximal range and minimal peak heat problem is solved by the proposed method. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed method can obtain the Pareto front of the optimal trajectory, which can provide the reference for the trajectory design of hypersonic glider vehicle.
Addressing the intersections of violence and HIV/AIDS: a qualitative study of service providers.
DiStefano, Anthony S; Hubach, Randolph D
2011-01-01
This article examines what measures health care and social service providers take to address intersections between various forms of violence and HIV/AIDS in the delivery of services to their clients/patients. We operated within an organizationallinteractional uncertainty theoretical framework and analyzed qualitative interview data from 30 providers offering services related to violence or HIV/AIDS in the San Francisco Bay Area. We found that providers used several strategies to mitigate crossover risk, but they enacted these measures on a case-by-case basis and tended not to follow a dedicated and complete protocol with every client/patient. We also identify nine factors that affected providers' capacity to discern and effectively address violence-HIV/AIDS intersections, present providers' descriptions of their needs in terms of addressing crossover risk, and discuss implications for interventions.
Control of 1,3-cyclohexadiene photoisomerization using light-induced conical intersections
Kim, Jaehee; White, James L; Petrovic, Vladimir S; Martinez, Todd J; Bucksbaum, Philip H
2011-01-01
We have studied the photo-induced isomerization from 1,3-cyclohexadiene to 1,3,5-hexatriene in the presence of an intense ultrafast laser pulse. We find that the laser field can suppress isomerization if it is both polarized parallel to the excitation dipole and present 50 fs after the initial photoabsorption, at the time when the system is expected to be in the vicinity of a conical intersection that mediates this structural transition. A modified ab initio multiple spawning (AIMS) method shows that the laser induces a resonant coupling between the excited state and the ground state, which is a light-induced conical intersection. The theory accounts for the timing and direction of the effect.
Solar Access Assessment in Dense Urban Environments: The Effect of Intersections in an Urban Canyon
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Elena Garcia-Nevado
2016-10-01
Full Text Available The urban canyon model has been recurrently used as a basis for many solar access studies. However, its conception as endless structures disregards the effect of street intersections, despite being characteristic elements of urban fabrics. This paper aims to evaluate the impact of street discontinuities on solar access over building façades. The potential of crossings to increase the available radiation has been assessed through computer simulations in dense urban environments in a Mediterranean location. For the cases studied, results show that local effects of an intersection almost disappear beyond a speciﬁc distance for each aspect ratio, which can be helpful to determine the suitable level of detail for solar analyses at an urban fabric scale.
Black, John H.; Woodman, Nicholas D.; Barker, John A.
2016-12-01
Rethinking an old tracer experiment in fractured crystalline rock suggests a concept of groundwater flow in sparse networks of long channels that is supported by results from an innovative lattice network model. The model, HyperConv, can vary the mean length of `strings' of connected bonds, and the gaps between them, using two independent probability functions. It is found that networks of long channels are able to percolate at lower values of (bond) density than networks of short channels. A general relationship between mean channel length, mean gap length and probability of percolation has been developed which incorporates the well-established result for `classical' lattice network models as a special case. Using parameters appropriate to a 4-m diameter drift located 360 m below surface at Stripa Mine Underground Research Laboratory in Sweden, HyperConv is able to reproduce values of apparent positive skin, as observed in the so-called Macropermeability Experiment, but only when mean channel length exceeds 10 m. This implies that such channel systems must cross many fracture intersections without bifurcating. A general relationship in terms of flow dimension is suggested. Some initial investigations using HyperConv show that the commonly observed feature, `compartmentalization', only occurs when channel density is just above the percolation threshold. Such compartments have been observed at Kamaishi Experimental Mine (Japan) implying a sparse flow network. It is suggested that compartments and skin are observable in the field, indicate sparse channel systems, and could form part of site characterization for deep nuclear waste repositories.
Zhengnan Li; Tao Yang; Zhiwei Feng
2016-01-01
To solve the multiobjective optimization problem on hypersonic glider vehicle trajectory design subjected to complex constraints, this paper proposes a multiobjective trajectory optimization method that combines the boundary intersection method and pseudospectral method. The multiobjective trajectory optimization problem (MTOP) is established based on the analysis of the feature of hypersonic glider vehicle trajectory. The MTOP is translated into a set of general optimization subproblems by u...
Kachi, Y
1996-01-01
We shall investigate a flipping contraction g : X -> Y from a 4-fold X with at most isolated complete intersection singularities. If Y has an anti-bi-canonical divisor (=bi-elephant) with only rational singularities, then g carries an inductive structure chained up by blow-ups (La Torre Pendente), and in particular the flip exists. This naturally contains Miles Reid's `Pagoda' as an anti-canonical divisor (=elephant) and its proper transforms.
The generalized Hodge and Bloch conjectures are equivalent for general complete intersections
Voisin, Claire
2011-01-01
Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety with trivial Chow groups. (By trivial, we mean that the cycle class is injective.) We show (assuming the Lefschetz standard conjecture) that if the vanishing cohomology of a general complete intersection $Y$ of ample hypersurfaces in $X$ has geometric coniveau $\\geq c$, then the Chow groups of cycles of dimension $\\leq c-1$ of $Y$ are trivial. The generalized Bloch conjecture for $Y$ is this statement with "geometric coniveau" replaced by "Hodge coniveau".
(3, 1)*-Choosability of graphs of nonnegative characteristic without intersecting short cycles
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Haihui Zhang
2016-05-01
A graph is called (, )*-choosable if for every list assignment satisfying $|L(v)|\\geq k$ for all $v \\in V (G)$, there is an -coloring of such that each vertex of has at most neighbors colored with the same color as itself. In this paper, it is proved that every graph of nonnegative characteristic without intersecting -cycles for all = 3, 4, 5 is (3, 1)*-choosable.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WEI Yan-fang; GUO Si-ling; XUE Yu
2007-01-01
In this article, the traffic hydrodynamic model considering the driver's reaction time was applied to the traffic analysis at the intersections on real roads. In the numerical simulation with the model, the pinch effect of the right-turning vehicles flow was found, which mainly leads to traffic jamming on the straight lane. All of the results in accordance with the empirical data confirm the applicability of this model.
CONTROLLING TRAFFIC FLOW IN MULTILANE-ISOLATED INTERSECTION USING ANFIS APPROACH TECHNIQUES
2015-01-01
Many controllers have applied the Adaptive Neural-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) concept for optimizing the controller performance. However, there are less traffic signal controllers developed using the ANFIS concept. ANFIS traffic signal controller with its fuzzy rule base and its ability to learn from a set of sample data could improve the performance of Existing traffic signal controlling system to reduce traffic congestions at most of the busy traffic intersections in city such as Kuala L...
Reduction in X does not agree with Intersection and Union Types (Extended abstract)
van Bakel, Steffen
2011-01-01
This paper defines intersection and union type assignment for the calculus X, a substitution free language that enjoys the Curry-Howard correspondence with respect to Gentzen's sequent calculus for classical logic. We show that this notion is closed for subject-expansion, and show that it needs to be restricted to satisfy subject-reduction as well, making it unsuitable to define a semantics.
Trajectory Generation Model-Based IMM Tracking for Safe Driving in Intersection Scenario
2011-01-01
Tracking the actions of vehicles at crossroads and planning safe trajectories will be an effective method to reduce the rate of traffic accident at intersections. It is to resolve the problem of the abrupt change because of the existence of drivers' voluntary choices. In this paper, we make approach of an improved IMM tracking method based on trajectory generation, abstracted by trajectory generation algorithm, to improve this situation. Because of the similarity between human-driving traject...
Temporal Variation of Carbon Monoxide Concentration at Congested Urban Roadways Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ghanshyam
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The carbon monoxide (CO is dominant among major traffic emitted pollutants such as respirable suspended particulate matter (RSPM, oxides of nitrogen (NOx, volatile organic carbons(VOCs and ozone (O3 etc. It is generated by automobiles due to incomplete combustion of the fuel. The vehicles that queue up at an intersection spend more time in idle driving mode generating more pollutant leading to higher pollutant concentrations. Therefore, the trends of average hourly CO concentrations at various locations of congested roadways intersection have been investigated. The four approach roads making intersection have been selected for the present study. CO monitoring has been carried out at 2 selected locations of each approach road. The CO concentration has been monitored from 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM at each location using portable online CO monitor. The average hourly CO concentrations data have been analyzed using MS excel spread sheet for each approach road. The average hourly concentration of monitored CO concentration at all receptors locations shows two peak CO concentration values (i.e., the morning peak and evening peak throughout the monitoring programme (March to May, 2011. The comparison of monitored values of average 1 hourly CO concentration levels as well as 8 hourly average concentration levels of CO showed non compliance with the prescribed standards (4000 µg/m3 average hourly and 2000 µg/m3 average 8 hourly CO concentration. The temporal CO concentration at various approach roads making roadway intersection shows non-uniform. The highest CO concentration has been observed to be towards high rise building and vice-versa. The least CO concentration has been observed towards either low rise building or open area.
TCP/IP Communication System for Controlling a Vehicular Traffic Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pedraza-Martínez Luis Fernando
2013-10-01
Full Text Available This paper describes the development of a prototype of a vehicular traffic controller, whose system of communication is based on the TCP/IP protocol, in order to re- motely monitor and control the operation of traffic lights for a vehicular intersection. The results show the times of communication between the central and the traffic controller. The conclusions highlight the importance of using the TCP/IP protocol in traffic light systems.
Sexual Violence, Race and Media (InVisibility: Intersectional Complexities in a Transnational Frame
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vrushali Patil
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Intersectional scholarship argues that women of color have distinct experiences of rape compared to white women and highlights their relative invisibility as victims compared to white women victims in news media. While the bulk of intersectional work has examined such issues within one nation and particularly within the US, in an era of increasingly transnationalized media content, we explore such intersectionalities in a transnational frame. That is, we explore the treatment of the rape of a local Indian woman in New Delhi, India, and the rape of a white woman in Steubenville, USA, in the New York Times and the Times of India. We find that contra assumptions in the intersectional literature, the racialized Indian victim is hyper-visible across both papers while the white US victim is relatively invisible. Situating both newspapers within the global histories of the development of news as a particular genre of storytelling, we argue that their respective locations within larger processes shaped by colonial, imperial and neo-colonial histories have critical implications for the coverage each paper offers. Thus, we argue that issues of race and visibility in media operate very differently depending on the space and scale of analysis. In an increasingly globalized world, then, we must start paying attention to the transnational and its implications for rape, race and (invisibility in news media. Ultimately, our approach brings together processes of racialization at multiple scales—both below the nation and above the nation—to offer a more complex, multi-scalar understanding of how racialization processes impact rape coverage.
Choo, Esther K; Benz, Madeline; Rybarczyk, Megan; Broderick, Kerry; Linden, Judith; Boudreaux, Edwin D; Ranney, Megan L
2014-12-01
The relationship between gender, violence, and substance use in the emergency department (ED) is complex. This article examines the role of gender in the intersection of substance use and three types of violence: peer violence, intimate partner violence, and firearm violence. Current approaches to treatment of substance abuse and violence are similar across both genders; however, as patterns of violence and substance abuse differ by gender, interventions may be more effective if they are designed with a specific gender focus.
Control and optimization for intelligent transportation systems in vicinity of intersections
Liu, Bing
2016-01-01
This thesis is devoted to study the potential applications of autonomous vehicles and V2X communications to construct the intelligent transportation systems. Firstly, the behavior of platoon in connected vehicle environment is studied. A platoon control algorithm is designed to obtain safe spacing as well as accordance of velocity and acceleration for vehicles in the same lane. Secondly, in larger scale, the platoons around an intersection are considered. The throughput in a traffic signal pe...
McCaffrey, Tríona Mary
2015-01-01
peer-reviewed Considering the history and development of music therapy in mental health is important in providing practitioners of the field with an understanding of the context in which the profession has emerged. The shaping of the discipline towards professionalization has involved multiple intersecting agents, ideas and processes over many years. This paper reviews some of the milestones and significant junctures that framed the practice of music therapy in mental health care whilst...
Binding Energy of Quantum Bound States in X-shaped Nanowire Intersection
2014-01-01
that with non-zero magnetic field new structures are associated with virtual and resonant states located at the junction that becomes 2D Landau ...results of our model system (cross-wire intersecting at an arbitrary angle) not only supplement the theory of quantum bound state in a classically unbound...geometries has been a long standing problem in quantum theory . Knowledge of quantum bound states in crossed nanowire system is very important in
Two-UAV Intersection Localization System Based on the Airborne Optoelectronic Platform.
Bai, Guanbing; Liu, Jinghong; Song, Yueming; Zuo, Yujia
2017-01-06
To address the limitation of the existing UAV (unmanned aerial vehicles) photoelectric localization method used for moving objects, this paper proposes an improved two-UAV intersection localization system based on airborne optoelectronic platforms by using the crossed-angle localization method of photoelectric theodolites for reference. This paper introduces the makeup and operating principle of intersection localization system, creates auxiliary coordinate systems, transforms the LOS (line of sight, from the UAV to the target) vectors into homogeneous coordinates, and establishes a two-UAV intersection localization model. In this paper, the influence of the positional relationship between UAVs and the target on localization accuracy has been studied in detail to obtain an ideal measuring position and the optimal localization position where the optimal intersection angle is 72.6318°. The result shows that, given the optimal position, the localization root mean square error (RMS) will be 25.0235 m when the target is 5 km away from UAV baselines. Finally, the influence of modified adaptive Kalman filtering on localization results is analyzed, and an appropriate filtering model is established to reduce the localization RMS error to 15.7983 m. Finally, An outfield experiment was carried out and obtained the optimal results: σ B = 1.63 × 10 - 4 ( ° ) , σ L = 1.35 × 10 - 4 ( ° ) , σ H = 15.8 ( m ) , σ s u m = 27.6 ( m ) , where σ B represents the longitude error, σ L represents the latitude error, σ H represents the altitude error, and σ s u m represents the error radius.
The Persistence of Invariant Tori in Nearly Small Twist Mappings with Intersection Property
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
祝文壮; 黄庆道; 刘柏枫
2004-01-01
In this paper we investigate the nearly small twist mappings with intersection property. With a certain non-degenerate condition, we proved that the most of invariant tori of the original small twist mappings will survive afer small perturtations. The persisted invariant tori are close to the unperturbed ones when the perturbation are small. The orbits reduced by those mappings are quasi-periodic in the invariant tori with the frequences closing to the original ones.
Intersection local times of independent Brownian motions as generalized white noise functionals
Albeverio, Sergio; Oliveira, Maria João; Streit, Ludwig
2001-01-01
The original publication is available at http://www.springerlink.com/content/14jtbl19nh37ggtx/fulltext.pdf A "chaos expansion" of the intersection local time functional of two independent Brownian motions in Rd is given. The expansion is in terms of normal products of white noise (corresponding to multiple Wiener integrals). As a consequence of the local structure of the normal products, the kernel functions in the expansion are explicitly given and exhibit clearly the dimension depende...
Effects of flashing green on driver’s stop/go decision at signalized intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
沈家军; 王炜
2015-01-01
The primary objective of this work is to explore how drivers react to flashing green at signalized intersections. Through video taping and data procession based on photogrammetry, the operating speeds of vehicles before and after the moment when flashing green started was compared using paired-samples T-test. The critical distances between go and stop decisions was defined through cumulative percentage curve. The boundary of dilemma zone was determined by comparing stop distance and travel distance. Amber-running violation was analyzed on the basis of the travel time to the stop line. And finally, a logistic model for stop and go decisions was constructed. The results shows that the stopping ratios of the first vehicles of west-bound and east-bound approaches are 41.3% and 39.8%, respectively; the amber-light running violation ratios of two approaches are 31.6% and 25.4%, respectively; the operating speed growth ratios of first vehicles selecting to cross intersection after the moment when flashing green started are 26.7% and 17.7%, respectively; and the critical distances are 48 m and 46 m, respectively, which are close to 44 m, the boundary of dilemma zone. The developed decision models demonstrate that the probability of go decision is higher when the distance from the stop line is shorter or operating speed is higher. This indicates that flashing green is an effective way to enhance intersection safety, but it should work together with a strict enforcement. In addition, traffic signs near critical distance and reasonable speed limitation are also beneficial to the safety of intersections.
Villabona-Monsalve, Juan P; Noria, Raquel; Matsika, Spiridoula; Peón, Jorge
2012-05-09
The dynamics following electronic excitation of hypoxanthine and its nucleoside inosine were studied by femtosecond fluorescence up-conversion. Our objective was to explore variants of the purinic DNA bases in order to determine the molecular parameters that increase or reduce the accessibility to ground state conical intersections. From experiments in water and methanol solution we conclude that both dominant neutral tautomers of hypoxanthine exhibit ultrashort excited state lifetimes (τ conical intersection for the fluorescent state upon removal of the amino group, present in guanine but absent in hypoxanthine. The excited state dynamics of singly protonated hypoxanthine were also studied, showing biexponential decays with a 1.1 ps component (5%) besides a sub-0.2 ps ultrafast component. On the other hand, the S(1) lifetimes of the singly deprotonated forms of hypoxanthine and inosine show drastic differences, where the latter remains ultrafast but the singly deprotonated hypoxanthine shows a much longer lifetime of 19 ps. This significant variation is related to the different deprotonation sites in hypoxanthine versus inosine, which gives rise to significantly different resonance structures. In our study we also include multireference perturbation theory (MRMP2) excited state calculations in order to determine the nature of the initial electronic excitation in our experiments and clarify the ordering of the states in the singlet manifold at the ground state geometry. In addition, we performed multireference configuration interaction calculations (MR-CIS) that identify the presence of low-lying conical intersections for both prominent neutral tautomers of hypoxanthine. In both cases, the surface crossings occur at geometries reached by out of plane opposite motions of C2 and N3. The study of this simpler purine gives several insights into how small structural modifications, including amino substitution and protonation site and state, determine the accessibility
Haxton, Dan
2012-01-01
Following prior work on the lower-energy resonances, we apply techniques of momentum imaging and ab initio scattering calculations to the process of dissociative electron attachment to water via the highest-energy 2B2 resonance. We focus on the H- anion fragment, which is produced via dynamics passing through and avoiding the conical intersection with the lower A1 state, leading to OH (2Pi) and OH (2Sigma), respectively. The momentum imaging technique, when combined with theoretical calculati...
Optically induced conical intersections in traps for ultracold atoms and molecules.
Wallis, A.O.G.; Hutson, J.M.
2011-01-01
We show that conical intersections can be created in laboratory coordinates by dressing a parabolic trap for ultracold atoms or molecules with a combination of optical and static magnetic fields. The resulting ring trap can support single-particle states with half-integer rotational quantization and many-particle states with persistent flow. Two well-separated atomic or molecular states are brought into near-resonance by an optical field and tuned across each other with an inhomogeneous magne...
Ratchetting and creep-fatigue evaluation for nozzle-to-cylinder intersection. [LMFBR
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barsoum, R.S.; Loomis, R.W.; Stewart, B.D.
1976-01-01
The study is part of an analytical investigation on the applicability of the simplified ratchetting and creep-fatigue rules to LMFBR component geometry. Both the detailed inelastic rules and the simplified elastic rules are applied to the results obtained from a three-dimensional finite element analysis of the nozzle-to-cylinder intersection. The results of both evaluations are compared at several locations on the surface, and an assessment of the degree of conservatism of the simplified methods is discussed.
A Generalization of the Turaev Cobracket and the Minimal Self-Intersection Number
Cahn, Patricia
2010-01-01
Goldman and Turaev constructed a Lie bialgebra structure on the free $\\mathbb{Z}$-module generated by free homotopy classes of loops on a surface. The Turaev cobracket $\\Delta(\\alpha)$ gives a lower bound on the minimal number of self-intersection points of a loop in a given homotopy class. Chas found examples which prove that this lower bound is not sharp. In particular, she constructed a class $\\alpha$ with $\\Delta(\\alpha)=0$, but which is not realized by a power of a simple loop. This disproves Turaev's conjecture that $\\Delta(\\alpha)=0$ if and only if $\\alpha$ can be realized by a power of a simple loop. We introduce an operation $\\mu$, defined in the spirit of the Andersen-Mattes-Reshetikhin algebra of chord diagrams. The Turaev cobracket factors through $\\mu$, and $\\mu$ also gives a lower bound on the minimal number of self-intersection points of a loop in a given homotopy class. We show that for $\\mu$, this lower bound is indeed the minimal self-intersection number of a class $\\alpha$, provided $\\alpha...
Longest, Beaufort B
2012-01-01
Hospitals in the United States are heavily impacted by public policies that affect them. For example, Medicare and Medicaid programs account for more than half the revenue in most of the nation's almost 5,000 community hospitals, including the almost 1,100 public hospitals controlled by state and local governments (American Hospital Association, 2012). The public hospitals are especially closely aligned with and controlled by governmental entities compared with hospitals with other kinds of sponsorship. This article addresses the management challenges at the intersection of the strategic management of public hospitals and their public policy environments. Public hospitals are complicated entities designed not only to provide health services but also in many cases to play key roles in health-related research and education and to play important general economic development roles in their communities. The multi-faceted strategic decision making in these organizations is as heavily affected by their public policy environments as by their business, demographic, technological or other external environments. Effectively managing the intersection of their public policy environments and their strategic management is indeed vital for contemporary public hospitals. This article is intended to clarify certain aspects of this intersection through a description and model of the strategic activity in public hospitals and the connection between this activity and their external environments. Specific attention is focused on the concept of public policy environments and their features. Attention is also given to how managers can assess public policy environments and incorporate the results into strategic activities.
Molecular dynamics simulation of cross-slip and the intersection of dislocations in copper
Li, Maozhen; Gao, K W; Qiao, L J
2003-01-01
The molecular dynamics method is used to simulate cross-slip by thermal activation at 30 K and the intersection of dislocations in copper containing 1.6 x 10 sup 6 atoms using the embedded atom method potential. The results show that an extended screw dislocation can recombine through thermal activation at 30 K into a constriction on the surface because of stress imbalance and the constriction will split again in the other slip plane. Removing the constriction along the extended dislocation results in a cross-slip of the screw dislocation at low temperature. After the intersection between a moving right-hand screw dislocation DC and a perpendicular left-hand dislocation BA, whose ends are fixed on the surfaces, an extended jog corresponding to a row of one-third vacancies forms in BA and a trail of vacancies behind DC. If the intersected dislocation is a right-hand screw dislocation AB, the jog formed in AB corresponds to a row of one-third interstitials and the point defects behind DC are interstitials. Afte...
Travel Time Model for Right-Turning Vehicles of Secondary Street at Unsignalized Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Feng Yu-Qin
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The travel time of right-turning vehicles on secondary street at unsignalized intersection is discussed in this paper. Under the assumption that the major-street through vehicles’ headway follows Erlang distribution and secondary-street right-turning vehicles’ headway follows Poisson distribution. The right-turning vehicles travel time model is established on the basis of gap theory and M/G/1 queue theory. Comparison is done with the common model based on the assumption that the major-street vehicles’ headway follows Poisson distribution. An intersection is selected to verify each model. The results show that the model established in this paper has stronger applicability, and its most relative error is less than 15%. In addition, the sensitivity analysis has been done. The results show that right-turning flow rate and major-street flow rate have a significant impact on the travel time. Hence, the methodology for travel time of right-turning vehicles at unsignalized intersection proposed in this paper is effective and applicable.
EVALUATING THE CONTRIBUTION OF PHYSICAL PARAMETERS ON THE SAFETY OF UNSIGNALIZED INTERSECTIONS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. AHMED
2015-05-01
Full Text Available Safety of any particular Road way facility cannot be attributed to set of parameters specific to a certain domain. Unsignalized intersections are no exceptions, thus, making them an important area of study. This paper presents the results of the analysis of four parameters, namely road width, traffic control, lane marking and landuse; and their sub-class on the safety of unsignalized intersections. The raw accident data was obtained from MIROS (Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research. It was then reduced for descriptive analysis. Hypothesis testing was performed to assess the significance of all parameters and severity analysis was done to accomplish micro scale examination of each sub-class. The results show that landuse and lane marking are statistically significant. They are important variables to predict accidents whereas traffic control and road width are not significant. Intersections located in city with single line lane marking having no control and major road width greater than 9 meters were found to have the highest severity indices.
Cole, Barbara Ann
2009-11-01
This paper examines narrative methodologies as one approach to exploring issues of gender, education and social justice and, particularly, insights into "undoing gender". It furthermore examines the possibilities of exploring gender and its multiple intersections in a range of global and policy contexts through the use of personal experience approaches. The "storying" of lived experience is examined as a means of challenging dominant discourses which can construct and other individuals and groups in relation to many aspects of gender and education. Drawing on intersectionality, as a complex and developing feminist theory, the paper considers ways in which narrative can illuminate often hidden complexities while seeking to avoid generalisations and essentialisms. The difficulties of using narrative in relation to these aims are explored in the light of the warnings of feminist writers such as Michele Fine and bell hooks. The paper briefly considers narrative as both methodology and phenomenon, and finally, drawing on critical discourse analysis, discusses the potential of intersectionality and narrative in relation to undoing gender.
Modeling Left-Turn Driving Behavior at Signalized Intersections with Mixed Traffic Conditions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hong Li
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In many developing countries, mixed traffic is the most common type of urban transportation; traffic of this type faces many major problems in traffic engineering, such as conflicts, inefficiency, and security issues. This paper focuses on the traffic engineering concerns on the driving behavior of left-turning vehicles caused by different degrees of pedestrian violations. The traffic characteristics of left-turning vehicles and pedestrians in the affected region at a signalized intersection were analyzed and a cellular-automata-based “following-conflict” driving behavior model that mainly addresses four basic behavior modes was proposed to study the conflict and behavior mechanisms of left-turning vehicles by mathematic methodologies. Four basic driving behavior modes were reproduced in computer simulations, and a logit model of the behavior mode choice was also developed to analyze the relative share of each behavior mode. Finally, the microscopic characteristics of driving behaviors and the macroscopic parameters of traffic flow in the affected region were all determined. These data are important reference for geometry and capacity design for signalized intersections. The simulation results show that the proposed models are valid and can be used to represent the behavior of left-turning vehicles in the case of conflicts with illegally crossing pedestrians. These results will have potential applications on improving traffic safety and traffic capacity at signalized intersections with mixed traffic conditions.
Waiting Endurance Time Estimation of Electric Two-Wheelers at Signalized Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mei Huan
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The paper proposed a model for estimating waiting endurance times of electric two-wheelers at signalized intersections using survival analysis method. Waiting duration times were collected by video cameras and they were assigned as censored and uncensored data to distinguish between normal crossing and red-light running behavior. A Cox proportional hazard model was introduced, and variables revealing personal characteristics and traffic conditions were defined as covariates to describe the effects of internal and external factors. Empirical results show that riders do not want to wait too long to cross intersections. As signal waiting time increases, electric two-wheelers get impatient and violate the traffic signal. There are 12.8% of electric two-wheelers with negligible wait time. 25.0% of electric two-wheelers are generally nonrisk takers who can obey the traffic rules after waiting for 100 seconds. Half of electric two-wheelers cannot endure 49.0 seconds or longer at red-light phase. Red phase time, motor vehicle volume, and conformity behavior have important effects on riders’ waiting times. Waiting endurance times would decrease with the longer red-phase time, the lower traffic volume, or the bigger number of other riders who run against the red light. The proposed model may be applicable in the design, management and control of signalized intersections in other developing cities.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Geoffrey eMARTI
2015-01-01
Full Text Available In theory, a safe approach to an intersection implies that the driver can simultaneously manage two scenarios: they either cross or they must give way to an oncoming vehicle. In this article we formalize the critical time for safe crossing (CTcross and the critical time for safe stopping (CTstop to represent crossing and stopping possibilities, respectively. We describe these critical times in terms of affordances and empirically test their respective contribution to the driver’s decision-making process. Using a driving simulator, three groups of participants drove cars with identical acceleration capabilities and different braking capabilities. They were asked to try to cross an intersection where there was an oncoming vehicle, if they deemed the maneuver to be safe. If not, they could decide to stop or, as a last resort, make an emergency exit. The intersections were identical among groups.Results showed that although the crossing possibilities (CTcross were the same for all groups, there were between-group differences in crossing frequency. This suggests that stopping possibilities (CTstop play a role in the driver’s decision-making process, in addition to the crossing possibilities. These results can be accounted for by a behavioral model of decision making, and provide support for the hypothesis of choice between affordances.
BCS Instability and Finite Temperature Corrections to Tachyon Mass in Intersecting D1-Branes
Chowdhury, Sudipto Paul; Sathiapalan, B
2014-01-01
A holographic description of BCS superconductivity is given in arxiv:1104.2843. This model was constructed by insertion of a pair of D8-branes on a D4-background. The spectrum of intersecting D8-branes has tachyonic modes indicating an instability which is identified with the BCS instability in superconductors. Our aim is to study the stability of the intersecting branes under finite temperature effects. Many of the technical aspects of this problem are captured by a simpler problem of two intersecting D1-branes on flat background. In the simplified set-up we compute the one-loop finite temperature corrections to the tree-level tachyon mass using the frame-work of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in (1 + 1)-dimensions. We show that the one-loop two-point functions are ultraviolet finite due to cancellation of ultraviolet divergence between the amplitudes containing bosons and fermions in the loop. The amplitudes are found to be infrared divergent due to the presence of massless fields in the loops. We compute the fini...
Rosenthal, Lisa
2016-09-01
Intersectionality is receiving increasing attention in many fields, including psychology. This theory or framework has its roots in the work of Black feminist scholar-activists, and it focuses on interlocking systems of oppression and the need to work toward structural-level changes to promote social justice and equity. Thus, the current interest in intersectionality in psychology presents an opportunity to draw psychologists' attention more to structural-level issues and to make social justice and equity more central agendas to the field. The large, ever-growing bodies of research demonstrating the wide-ranging adverse consequences of structural- and interpersonal-level oppression, inequality, and stigma for the health and well-being of many diverse groups of people support that these issues are central to the field of psychology. We as individual psychologists and the field as a whole can work to fully incorporate the insights of intersectionality and therefore contribute to making social justice and equity more central across the varied subfields and realms of our work. Specific ways that we can do this are to (a) engage and collaborate with communities, (b) address and critique societal structures, (c) work together/build coalitions, (d) attend to resistance in addition to resilience, and (e) teach social justice curricula. There are important examples both within and outside of psychology that can guide us in achieving these goals. These suggestions are meant to foster conversation and consideration by psychologists across all subfields and areas of focus. (PsycINFO Database Record
Marti, Geoffrey; Morice, Antoine H P; Montagne, Gilles
2014-01-01
In theory, a safe approach to an intersection implies that drivers can simultaneously manage two scenarios: they either choose to cross or to give way to an oncoming vehicle. In this article we formalize the critical time for safe crossing (CT cross ) and the critical time for safe stopping (CT stop ) to represent crossing and stopping possibilities, respectively. We describe these critical times in terms of affordances and empirically test their respective contribution to the driver's decision-making process. Using a driving simulator, three groups of participants drove cars with identical acceleration capabilities and different braking capabilities. They were asked to try to cross an intersection where there was an oncoming vehicle, if they deemed the maneuver to be safe. If not, they could decide to stop or, as a last resort, make an emergency exit. The intersections were identical among groups. Results showed that although the crossing possibilities (CT cross ) were the same for all groups, there were between-group differences in crossing frequency. This suggests that stopping possibilities (CT stop ) play a role in the driver's decision-making process, in addition to the crossing possibilities. These results can be accounted for by a behavioral model of decision making, and provide support for the hypothesis of choice between affordances.
Full perimeter intersection criteria. Definitions and implementations in SR-Site
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Munier, Raymond
2010-03-15
Large fractures intersecting canisters have potential to reactivate due to nearby earthquakes and thereby jeopardising the canister/buffer integrity. The use of full perimeter intersection (FPI) as a proxy for fracture size has been explored within SKB since late 2004. A methodology to use FPI as a deposition hole rejection criterion was first reported in and the concept has successively matured ever since. As a response to feedback obtained from various instances of our organisation and external reviewers, additional analyses and benchmarks were reported in 2007. An analytical solution to the canister/fracture intersection probability was introduced, which enabled us to benchmark various aspects of the FPI simulations. The methodology was first applied within the framework of SR-CAN to compute the number of potentially critical canister positions and soon after, based on preliminary DFN models, as one of many prerequisites for repository design. The methodology and simulation logic has evolved substantially ever since it was originally reported in 2006 and the present report is intended to entirely replace previous reports on this subject, to thereby provide the interested reader with an description of the modelling procedure, prerequisites and limitations. As a consequence thereof, major portions of previous reports are repeated herein, though we occasionally refer to these reports for comparative purposes. Furthermore, as the final versions of the site descriptive models have been reported we find it convenient to, within this report, also apply the methodology using the most actual site specific fracture data
Zhao, Yue; Wang, Yalin
2015-11-01
In this paper, a linear calibration method is proposed for a paracatadioptric camera using the images of two spheres. Two spheres are selected in space, and the two groups of their projection circles on the unit viewing sphere are made to intersect at four points. The quadrilateral consisting of four points is a rectangle, so a group of orthogonal directions can be determined in space to obtain a group of orthogonal vanishing points in the paracatadioptric image plane. Because of the relationship between orthogonal vanishing points and intrinsic camera parameters, the intrinsic parameters of a paracatadioptric camera can be linearly solved by at least five views satisfying the above conditions. First, one estimates the sphere images and their antipodal sphere images. Second, by solving the intersection of the images of two spheres and the intersection of the images of their antipodal spheres, a group of orthogonal vanishing points can be obtained in the image plane. Finally, by taking the relationship between the orthogonal vanishing points and the intrinsic camera parameters as constraint conditions, the intrinsic parameters of the paracatadioptric camera can be obtained. Simulation results and real image data demonstrate the effectiveness of our new algorithms.
Intention-Aware Autonomous Driving Decision-Making in an Uncontrolled Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Weilong Song
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Autonomous vehicles need to perform social accepted behaviors in complex urban scenarios including human-driven vehicles with uncertain intentions. This leads to many difficult decision-making problems, such as deciding a lane change maneuver and generating policies to pass through intersections. In this paper, we propose an intention-aware decision-making algorithm to solve this challenging problem in an uncontrolled intersection scenario. In order to consider uncertain intentions, we first develop a continuous hidden Markov model to predict both the high-level motion intention (e.g., turn right, turn left, and go straight and the low level interaction intentions (e.g., yield status for related vehicles. Then a partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP is built to model the general decision-making framework. Due to the difficulty in solving POMDP, we use proper assumptions and approximations to simplify this problem. A human-like policy generation mechanism is used to generate the possible candidates. Human-driven vehicles’ future motion model is proposed to be applied in state transition process and the intention is updated during each prediction time step. The reward function, which considers the driving safety, traffic laws, time efficiency, and so forth, is designed to calculate the optimal policy. Finally, our method is evaluated in simulation with PreScan software and a driving simulator. The experiments show that our method could lead autonomous vehicle to pass through uncontrolled intersections safely and efficiently.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nicklaus, Dennis J. [Fermilab
2013-10-13
We have developed an Erlang language implementation of the Channel Access protocol. Included are low-level functions for encoding and decoding Channel Access protocol network packets as well as higher level functions for monitoring or setting EPICS process variables. This provides access to EPICS process variables for the Fermilab Acnet control system via our Erlang-based front-end architecture without having to interface to C/C++ programs and libraries. Erlang is a functional programming language originally developed for real-time telecommunications applications. Its network programming features and list management functions make it particularly well-suited for the task of managing multiple Channel Access circuits and PV monitors.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This feature class contains internal wave packets digitized from SAR imagery and intersected with a bathymetrically derived slope surface for Massachusetts Bay. The...
Salwan, Nitish; Singh, Sandeep; Arora, Suket; Singh, Amarpreet
2013-01-01
This paper presents an overview of different concepts regarding covert channels. It discusses the various classifications and the detailing of various fields used to manipulate for the covert channel execution.Different evaluation criterias are presented for measuring the strength of covert channels. The defenses and prevention schemes for this covert channel will also be discussed. This paper also discuss about an advanced timing channel i.e.Temperature Based Covert Channel.
Channel Choice: A Literature Review
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Østergaard Madsen, Christian; Kræmmergaard, Pernille
2015-01-01
The channel choice branch of e-government studies citizens’ and businesses’ choice of channels for interacting with government, and how government organizations can integrate channels and migrate users towards the most cost-efficient channels. In spite of the valuable contributions offered no sys...... no systematic overview exist of channel choice. We present a literature review of channel choice studies in government to citizen context identifying authors, countries, methods, concepts, units of analysis, and theories, and offer suggestionsfor future studies....
2016-01-01
First, this paper argues that applications of SCOT in feminist science and technology studies have largely focused on analyzing how gender and technology are coproduced, resulting in lack of scholarship that examines the mutually constitutive relationship between technology, gender and other intersecting categories, such as race, ethnicity, class, sexual orientation, and ability. Second, this paper argues that an intersectional view of technology can dismantle the language of objectivity deep...
Cooperative gating between ion channels.
Choi, Kee-Hyun
2014-01-01
Cooperative gating between ion channels, i.e. the gating of one channel directly coupled to the gating of neighboring channels, has been observed in diverse channel types at the single-channel level. Positively coupled gating could enhance channel-mediated signaling while negative coupling may effectively reduce channel gating noise. Indeed, the physiological significance of cooperative channel gating in signal transduction has been recognized in several in vivo studies. Moreover, coupled gating of ion channels was reported to be associated with some human disease states. In this review, physiological roles for channel cooperativity and channel clustering observed in vitro and in vivo are introduced, and stimulation-induced channel clustering and direct channel cross linking are suggested as the physical mechanisms of channel assembly. Along with physical clustering, several molecular mechanisms proposed as the molecular basis for functional coupling of neighboring channels are covered: permeant ions as a channel coupling mediator, concerted channel activation through the membrane, and allosteric mechanisms. Also, single-channel analysis methods for cooperative gating such as the binomial analysis, the variance analysis, the conditional dwell time density analysis, and the maximum likelihood fitting analysis are reviewed and discussed.
Martinac, Boris
2008-01-01
All living cells are able to detect and translate environmental stimuli into biologically meaningful signals. Sensations of touch, hearing, sight, taste, smell or pain are essential to the survival of all living organisms. The importance of sensory input for the existence of life thus justifies the effort made to understand its molecular origins. Sensing with Ion Channels focuses on ion channels as key molecules enabling biological systems to sense and process the physical and chemical stimuli that act upon cells in their living environment. Its aim is to serve as a reference to ion channel specialists and as a source of new information to non specialists who want to learn about the structural and functional diversity of ion channels and their role in sensory physiology.
2011-03-24
Communications ....................................... 2 1.3 Steganography and Covert Channels .......................................................... 3...Internet Relay Chat ..................................................................................... 7 2.2 Steganography ...13 2.2.2 Encrypted Steganographic Systems .............................................. 15 2.2.3 Text-Based Steganography
Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — This draft dataset consists of all ditches or channelized pieces of stream that could be identified using three input datasets; namely the1:24,000 National...
Authentication over Noisy Channels
Lai, Lifeng; Poor, H Vincent
2008-01-01
In this work, message authentication over noisy channels is studied. The model developed in this paper is the authentication theory counterpart of Wyner's wiretap channel model. Two types of opponent attacks, namely impersonation attacks and substitution attacks, are investigated for both single message and multiple message authentication scenarios. For each scenario, information theoretic lower and upper bounds on the opponent's success probability are derived. Remarkably, in both scenarios, lower and upper bounds are shown to match, and hence the fundamental limit of message authentication over noisy channels is fully characterized. The opponent's success probability is further shown to be smaller than that derived in the classic authentication model in which the channel is assumed to be noiseless. These results rely on a proposed novel authentication scheme in which key information is used to provide simultaneous protection again both types of attacks.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wanitchakool, Podchanart; Ousingsawat, Jiraporn; Sirianant, Lalida
2016-01-01
, and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in cellular apoptosis. LRRC8A-E has been identified as a volume-regulated anion channel expressed in many cell types. It was shown to be required for regulatory and apoptotic volume decrease (RVD, AVD) in cultured cell lines. Its presence also......(-) channels or as regulators of other apoptotic Cl(-) channels, such as LRRC8. CFTR has been known for its proapoptotic effects for some time, and this effect may be based on glutathione release from the cell and increase in cytosolic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although we find that CFTR is activated...... by cell swelling, it is possible that CFTR serves RVD/AVD through accumulation of ROS and activation of independent membrane channels such as ANO6. Thus activation of ANO6 will support cell shrinkage and induce additional apoptotic events, such as membrane phospholipid scrambling....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Klausen, Thomas Kjær
- serves a multitude of functions in the mammalian cell, regulating the membrane potential (Em), cell volume, protein activity and the driving force for facilitated transporters giving Cl- and Cl- channels a major potential of regulating cellular function. These functions include control of the cell cycle...... of volume perturbations evolution have developed system of channels and transporters to tightly control volume homeostasis. In the past decades evidence has been mounting, that the importance of these volume regulated channels and transporters are not restricted to the defense of cellular volume......, controlled cell death and cellular migration. Volume regulatory mechanisms has long been in focus for regulating cellular proliferation and my thesis work have been focusing on the role of Cl- channels in proliferation with specific emphasis on ICl, swell. Pharmacological blockage of the ubiquitously...
Li, Jinjian; Dridi, Mahjoub; El-Moudni, Abdellah
2016-01-01
The problem of reducing traffic delays and decreasing fuel consumption simultaneously in a network of intersections without traffic lights is solved by a cooperative traffic control algorithm, where the cooperation is executed based on the connection of Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I). This resolution of the problem contains two main steps. The first step concerns the itinerary of which intersections are chosen by vehicles to arrive at their destination from their starting point. Based on the principle of minimal travel distance, each vehicle chooses its itinerary dynamically based on the traffic loads in the adjacent intersections. The second step is related to the following proposed cooperative procedures to allow vehicles to pass through each intersection rapidly and economically: on one hand, according to the real-time information sent by vehicles via V2I in the edge of the communication zone, each intersection applies Dynamic Programming (DP) to cooperatively optimize the vehicle passing sequence with minimal traffic delays so that the vehicles may rapidly pass the intersection under the relevant safety constraints; on the other hand, after receiving this sequence, each vehicle finds the optimal speed profiles with the minimal fuel consumption by an exhaustive search. The simulation results reveal that the proposed algorithm can significantly reduce both travel delays and fuel consumption compared with other papers under different traffic volumes. PMID:27999333
Safety evaluation of intersections with dynamic use of exit-lanes for left-turn using field data.
Zhao, Jing; Liu, Yue
2017-03-01
As a newly proposed unconventional intersection design, the exit-lanes for left-turn (EFL) intersection is found to be effective in increasing the intersection capacity with high level of application flexibility, especially under heavy left-turn traffic conditions. However, the operational safety of EFL is of most concern to the authority prior to its implementation. This paper evaluates the safety of the EFL intersections by studying the behavior of left-turn maneuvers using field data collected at 7 locations in China. A total of 22830 left-turn vehicles were captured, in which 9793 vehicles turned left using the mixed-usage area. Four potential safety problems, including the red-light violations, head-on collision risks, trapped vehicles, and rear-end crash risks, were discussed. Statistical analyses were carried out to compare the safety risk between the EFL intersection and the conventional one. Results indicate that the safety problems of EFL intersections mainly lie in higher percentages in red-light violations at the pre-signal (1.83% higher), wrong-way violation problems during the peak hours (the violation rate reaches up to 11.07%), and the lower travel speeds in the mixed-usage area (18.75% lower). Such risks can be counteracted, however, by providing more guiding information, installing cameras to investigate and punish violation maneuvers, and adjusting design parameter values for layout design and signal timing, respectively.
Cornelissen, M; Salmon, P M; Stanton, N A; McClure, R
2015-01-01
While a safe systems approach has long been acknowledged as the underlying philosophy of contemporary road safety strategies, systemic applications are sparse. This article argues that systems-based methods from the discipline of Ergonomics have a key role to play in road transport design and evaluation. To demonstrate, the Cognitive Work Analysis framework was used to evaluate two road designs - a traditional Melbourne intersection and a cut-through design for future intersections based on road safety safe systems principles. The results demonstrate that, although the cut-through intersection appears different in layout from the traditional intersection, system constraints are not markedly different. Furthermore, the analyses demonstrated that redistribution of constraints in the cut-through intersection resulted in emergent behaviour, which was not anticipated and could prove problematic. Further, based on the lack of understanding of emergent behaviour, similar design induced problems are apparent across both intersections. Specifically, incompatibilities between infrastructure, vehicles and different road users were not dealt with by the proposed design changes. The importance of applying systems methods in the design and evaluation of road transport systems is discussed.
Picconi, David; Grebenshchikov, Sergy Yu
2015-11-21
Quantum dynamics at a reactive two-state conical intersection lying outside the Franck-Condon zone is studied for a prototypical reaction of ultraviolet photodissociation of ozone in the Hartley band. The focus is on the vibrational distributions in the two electronic states at intermediate interfragment distances near the intersection. Such intermediate distributions of strongly interacting photofragments contain unique information on the location and shape of the conical intersection. Multidimensional Landau-Zener modeling provides a framework to reverse engineer the molecular geometry-dependent Massey parameter of the intersection from the intermediate distributions. The conceptual approach is demonstrated for the intermediate O-O bond stretch distributions which become strongly inverted on adiabatic passage through the intersection. It is further demonstrated that intermediate distributions can be reconstructed from the photoemission spectrum of the dissociating molecule. The illustration, given using quantum mechanical calculations of resonance Raman profiles for ozone, completes a practicable cycle of conversion of intermediate distributions into topographic features of the conical intersection.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ya-ping ZHANG; Hao ZHANG; Dayue Darrel DUAN
2013-01-01
Vascular remodeling of cerebral arterioles,including proliferation,migration,and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs),is the major cause of changes in the cross-sectional area and diameter of the arteries and sudden interruption of blood flow or hemorrhage in the brain,ie,stroke.Accumulating evidence strongly supports an important role for chloride (Clˉ) channels in vascular remodeling and stroke.At least three Clˉ channel genes are expressed in VSMCs:1) the TMEM16A (or Ano1),which may encode the calcium-activated Clˉ channels (CACCs); 2) the CLC-3 Clˉ channel and Clˉ/H+ antiporter,which is closely related to the volume-regulated Clˉ channels (VRCCs); and 3) the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR),which encodes the PKA-and PKC-activated Clˉ channels.Activation of the CACCs by agonist-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ causes membrane depolarization,vasoconstriction,and inhibition of VSMC proliferation.Activation of VRCCs by cell volume increase or membrane stretch promotes the production of reactive oxygen species,induces proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of VSMCs.Activation of CFTR inhibits oxidative stress and may prevent the development of hypertension.In addition,Clˉ current mediated by gammaaminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor has also been implicated a role in ischemic neuron death.This review focuses on the functional roles of Clˉ channels in the development of stroke and provides a perspective on the future directions for research and the potential to develop Clˉ channels as new targets for the prevention and treatment of stroke.
Nihei, Kurt T.; Yi, Weidong; Myer, Larry R.; Cook, Neville G. W.; Schoenberg, Michael
1999-03-01
The properties of guided waves which propagate between two parallel fractures are examined. Plane wave analysis is used to obtain a dispersion equation for the velocities of fracture channel waves. Analysis of this equation demonstrates that parallel fractures form an elastic waveguide that supports two symmetric and two antisymmetric dispersive Rayleigh channel waves, each with particle motions and velocities that are sensitive to the normal and tangential stiffnesses of the fractures. These fracture channel waves degenerate to shear waves when the fracture stiffnesses are large, to Rayleigh waves and Rayleigh-Lamb plate waves when the fracture stiffnesses are low, and to fracture interface waves when the fractures are either very closely spaced or widely separated. For intermediate fracture stiffnesses typical of fractured rock masses, fracture channel waves are dispersive and exhibit moderate to strong localization of guided wave energy between the fractures. The existence of these waves is examined using laboratory acoustic measurements on a fractured marble plate. This experiment confirms the distinct particle motion of the fundamental antisymmetric fracture channel wave (A0 mode) and demonstrates the ease with which a fracture channel wave can be generated and detected.
1986-01-01
This book is based on a series of lectures for a course on ionic channels held in Santiago, Chile, on November 17-20, 1984. It is intended as a tutorial guide on the properties, function, modulation, and reconstitution of ionic channels, and it should be accessible to graduate students taking their first steps in this field. In the presentation there has been a deliberate emphasis on the spe cific methodologies used toward the understanding of the workings and function of channels. Thus, in the first section, we learn to "read" single channel records: how to interpret them in the theoretical frame of kinetic models, which information can be extracted from gating currents in re lation to the closing and opening processes, and how ion transport through an open channel can be explained in terms of fluctuating energy barriers. The importance of assessing unequivocally the origin and purity of mem brane preparations and the use of membrane vesicles and optical tech niques in the stUGY of ionic channels a...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alessandra Guedes
2016-06-01
Full Text Available Background: The international community recognises violence against women (VAW and violence against children (VAC as global human rights and public health problems. Historically, research, programmes, and policies on these forms of violence followed parallel but distinct trajectories. Some have called for efforts to bridge these gaps, based in part on evidence that individuals and families often experience multiple forms of violence that may be difficult to address in isolation, and that violence in childhood elevates the risk of violence against women. Methods: This article presents a narrative review of evidence on intersections between VAC and VAW – including sexual violence by non-partners, with an emphasis on low- and middle-income countries. Results: We identify and review evidence for six intersections: 1 VAC and VAW have many shared risk factors. 2 Social norms often support VAW and VAC and discourage help-seeking. 3 Child maltreatment and partner violence often co-occur within the same household. 4 Both VAC and VAW can produce intergenerational effects. 5 Many forms of VAC and VAW have common and compounding consequences across the lifespan. 6 VAC and VAW intersect during adolescence, a time of heightened vulnerability to certain kinds of violence. Conclusions: Evidence of common correlates suggests that consolidating efforts to address shared risk factors may help prevent both forms of violence. Common consequences and intergenerational effects suggest a need for more integrated early intervention. Adolescence falls between and within traditional domains of both fields and deserves greater attention. Opportunities for greater collaboration include preparing service providers to address multiple forms of violence, better coordination between services for women and for children, school-based strategies, parenting programmes, and programming for adolescent health and development. There is also a need for more coordination among
Empirical Assessment of the Mean Block Volume of Rock Masses Intersected by Four Joint Sets
Morelli, Gian Luca
2016-05-01
The estimation of a representative value for the rock block volume ( V b) is of huge interest in rock engineering in regards to rock mass characterization purposes. However, while mathematical relationships to precisely estimate this parameter from the spacing of joints can be found in literature for rock masses intersected by three dominant joint sets, corresponding relationships do not actually exist when more than three sets occur. In these cases, a consistent assessment of V b can only be achieved by directly measuring the dimensions of several representative natural rock blocks in the field or by means of more sophisticated 3D numerical modeling approaches. However, Palmström's empirical relationship based on the volumetric joint count J v and on a block shape factor β is commonly used in the practice, although strictly valid only for rock masses intersected by three joint sets. Starting from these considerations, the present paper is primarily intended to investigate the reliability of a set of empirical relationships linking the block volume with the indexes most commonly used to characterize the degree of jointing in a rock mass (i.e. the J v and the mean value of the joint set spacings) specifically applicable to rock masses intersected by four sets of persistent discontinuities. Based on the analysis of artificial 3D block assemblies generated using the software AutoCAD, the most accurate best-fit regression has been found between the mean block volume (V_{{{{b}}_{{m}} }}) of tested rock mass samples and the geometric mean value of the spacings of the joint sets delimiting blocks; thus, indicating this mean value as a promising parameter for the preliminary characterization of the block size. Tests on field outcrops have demonstrated that the proposed empirical methodology has the potential of predicting the mean block volume of multiple-set jointed rock masses with an acceptable accuracy for common uses in most practical rock engineering applications.
MEMS in microfluidic channels.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ashby, Carol Iris Hill; Okandan, Murat; Michalske, Terry A.; Sounart, Thomas L.; Matzke, Carolyn M.
2004-03-01
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) comprise a new class of devices that include various forms of sensors and actuators. Recent studies have shown that microscale cantilever structures are able to detect a wide range of chemicals, biomolecules or even single bacterial cells. In this approach, cantilever deflection replaces optical fluorescence detection thereby eliminating complex chemical tagging steps that are difficult to achieve with chip-based architectures. A key challenge to utilizing this new detection scheme is the incorporation of functionalized MEMS structures within complex microfluidic channel architectures. The ability to accomplish this integration is currently limited by the processing approaches used to seal lids on pre-etched microfluidic channels. This report describes Sandia's first construction of MEMS instrumented microfluidic chips, which were fabricated by combining our leading capabilities in MEMS processing with our low-temperature photolithographic method for fabricating microfluidic channels. We have explored in-situ cantilevers and other similar passive MEMS devices as a new approach to directly sense fluid transport, and have successfully monitored local flow rates and viscosities within microfluidic channels. Actuated MEMS structures have also been incorporated into microfluidic channels, and the electrical requirements for actuation in liquids have been quantified with an elegant theory. Electrostatic actuation in water has been accomplished, and a novel technique for monitoring local electrical conductivities has been invented.
Hall, Joanne M; Carlson, Kelly
2016-01-01
In 1994, the concept of marginalization was explored in an article in Advances in Nursing Science. This is a revisitation of the concept incorporating new scholarship. This update is founded on feminism, postcolonialism, critical race theory, and discourse deconstruction, all viewpoints that have been explicated in nursing. The purpose of this analysis is to look at new scholarship and concepts useful to applying marginalization in nursing knowledge development from the standpoint of Bourdieu's macro, meso, and micro levels. New scholarship includes globalization, intersectionality, privilege, microaggressions, and implicit bias. Implications for decreasing health disparities through this new scholarship are discussed.
Coker, Donna
2016-10-01
My Domestic Violence and Social Justice law school course is organized around a structural intersectional framework to encourage students to recognize how structural inequalities inform the types of abuse perpetrated, individual and community responses to abuse, meanings that a victim ascribes to abuse, and factors that increase the risk of abuse. The course challenges the dominant neoliberal ideology focus on individual responsibility that eclipses shared responsibility. The course combines experiential exercises, a presentation by members of a community-based survivor organization, discussion of a hypothetical case with a legal practitioner, and court observation to help students apply theoretical insights to practical issues of individual representation and policy-making.
Lewis, Mel Michelle
2016-09-15
This article examines gender expression as central to the pedagogical projects of Black lesbian feminist pedagogues teaching interdisciplinary material related to race, gender, and sexuality. Participants discuss the ways in which their own masculinity, femme identity, and gendered performances influence instructive practices in the classroom and collegiality on campus. Being a "genuine article" of intersectionality theory plays a role in creative applications of the body as text and the institutional impediments to education as the practice of freedom for pedagogues whose marginalized gender, racial, sexual, and political identities closely align with their subject matter and influence campus roles and relationships.
More than a Mural: The Intersection of Public Art, Immigrant Youth, and Human Rights
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marissa A. Gutiérrez-Vicario
2016-02-01
• In efforts for communities to construct more democratic public spaces, one often finds that these spaces manifest themselves as murals or similar forms of public art. What are more creative ways of building a more democratic form of community art? What are more creative ways for young immigrant youth to develop a sense of belonging through the arts? Overall, this proposal seeks to explore the intersection between public art, human rights education/global competency, and immigrant youth empowerment. The proposal will discuss the involvement of immigrant youth, predominately from Latin America, in various art projects, as they explore their own sense of identity and belonging in New York City.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stylianos Giamarelos
2016-07-01
Full Text Available While the 1980 Venice Biennale is usually understood as the exhibition that crystallised postmodernism as a style of historicist eclecticism, the event also acted as a catalyst for the eventual convergence of alternative architectural sensibilities and ideas. This article shows how critical regionalism emerged when the physical and intellectual trajectories of British historian Kenneth Frampton and the Greek architects Suzana Antonakaki and Dimitris Antonakakis intersected in the aftermath of the Biennale. Offering an alternative way out of the contemporaneous crisis of modernism, this open-ended and extrovert regionalism that opposed static cultural insularities is thus the discursive footprint of architectural sensibilities travelling through cultures.
On the Hausdorff dimension of countable intersections of certain sets of normal numbers
Mance, Bill
2013-01-01
We show that the set of numbers that are $Q$-distribution normal but not simply $Q$-ratio normal has full Hausdorff dimension. It is further shown under some conditions that countable intersections of sets of this form still have full Hausdorff dimension even though they are not winning sets (in the sense of W. Schmidt). As a consequence of this, we construct many explicit examples of numbers that are simultaneously distribution normal but not simply ratio normal with respect to certain count...
An intersection model for estimating sea otter mortality along the Kenai Peninsula
Bodkin, J.L.; Udevitz, M.S.; Loughlin, T.R.
1994-01-01
We developed an intersection model to integrate parameters estimated from three distinct data sets that resulted from the Exxon Valdez oil spill: (1) the distribution, amount, and movements of spilled oil; (2) the distribution and abundance of sea otters along the Kenai Peninsula; and (3) the estimates of site-specific sea otter mortality relative to oil exposure from otters captured for rehabilitation and from collected carcasses. In this chapter, we describe the data sets and provide examples of how they can be used in the model to generate acute loss estimates. We also examine the assumptions required for the model and provide suggestions for improving and applying the model.
Dynamical Generation of Yukawa Couplings in Intersecting D-brane Models
Kitazawa, N
2004-01-01
We propose a scenario to obtain non-trivial Yukawa coupling matrices for the quark-lepton mass generation in supersymmetric intersecting D-brane models in type IIA T^6/Z_2 x Z_2 orientifold. As an example, an explicit model is constructed in which all the four generations of quarks and leptons and two pairs of massless Higgs fields are composite. In this model non-trivial Yukawa interactions are obtained by the interplay between the string-level higher dimensional interactions among "preons" and the dynamics of the confinement of "preons".
Towards large genus asymtotics of intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves
Mirzakhani, Maryam
2011-01-01
We explicitly compute the diverging factor in the large genus asymptotics of the Weil-Petersson volumes of the moduli spaces of $n$-pointed complex algebraic curves. Modulo a universal multiplicative constant we prove the existence of a complete asymptotic expansion of the Weil-Petersson volumes in the inverse powers of the genus with coefficients that are polynomials in $n$. This is done by analyzing various recursions for the more general intersection numbers of tautological classes, whose large genus asymptotic behavior is also extensively studied.
Growing up at the intersection of the genomic era and the information age.
Driessnack, Martha
2009-06-01
Children actively seek to make sense of their worlds based on the information they receive and their experience. For children growing up at the intersection of genomic era and information age, the array of information and experience continues to expand. This article highlights the importance of exploring these early contexts for learning, including the children's exposure to books and mass media, and the impact of early learning on later health literacy and behaviors. This article presents a case study discussing the inheritance of cystic fibrosis using the Harry Potter book series.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Veenstra Gerry
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Intersectionality theory, a way of understanding social inequalities by race, gender, class, and sexuality that emphasizes their mutually constitutive natures, possesses potential to uncover and explicate previously unknown health inequalities. In this paper, the intersectionality principles of "directionality," "simultaneity," "multiplicativity," and "multiple jeopardy" are applied to inequalities in self-rated health by race, gender, class, and sexual orientation in a Canadian sample. Methods The Canadian Community Health Survey 2.1 (N = 90,310 provided nationally representative data that enabled binary logistic regression modeling on fair/poor self-rated health in two analytical stages. The additive stage involved regressing self-rated health on race, gender, class, and sexual orientation singly and then as a set. The intersectional stage involved consideration of two-way and three-way interaction terms between the inequality variables added to the full additive model created in the previous stage. Results From an additive perspective, poor self-rated health outcomes were reported by respondents claiming Aboriginal, Asian, or South Asian affiliations, lower class respondents, and bisexual respondents. However, each axis of inequality interacted significantly with at least one other: multiple jeopardy pertained to poor homosexuals and to South Asian women who were at unexpectedly high risks of fair/poor self-rated health and mitigating effects were experienced by poor women and by poor Asian Canadians who were less likely than expected to report fair/poor health. Conclusions Although a variety of intersections between race, gender, class, and sexual orientation were associated with especially high risks of fair/poor self-rated health, they were not all consistent with the predictions of intersectionality theory. I conclude that an intersectionality theory well suited for explicating health inequalities in Canada should be
Julius, David
2013-01-01
Nociception is the process whereby primary afferent nerve fibers of the somatosensory system detect noxious stimuli. Pungent irritants from pepper, mint, and mustard plants have served as powerful pharmacological tools for identifying molecules and mechanisms underlying this initial step of pain sensation. These natural products have revealed three members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channel family--TRPV1, TRPM8, and TRPA1--as molecular detectors of thermal and chemical stimuli that activate sensory neurons to produce acute or persistent pain. Analysis of TRP channel function and expression has validated the existence of nociceptors as a specialized group of somatosensory neurons devoted to the detection of noxious stimuli. These studies are also providing insight into the coding logic of nociception and how specification of nociceptor subtypes underlies behavioral discrimination of noxious thermal, chemical, and mechanical stimuli. Biophysical and pharmacological characterization of these channels has provided the intellectual and technical foundation for developing new classes of analgesic drugs.
Dequantization Via Quantum Channels
Andersson, Andreas
2016-10-01
For a unital completely positive map {Φ} ("quantum channel") governing the time propagation of a quantum system, the Stinespring representation gives an enlarged system evolving unitarily. We argue that the Stinespring representations of each power {Φ^m} of the single map together encode the structure of the original quantum channel and provide an interaction-dependent model for the bath. The same bath model gives a "classical limit" at infinite time {mto∞} in the form of a noncommutative "manifold" determined by the channel. In this way, a simplified analysis of the system can be performed by making the large- m approximation. These constructions are based on a noncommutative generalization of Berezin quantization. The latter is shown to involve very fundamental aspects of quantum-information theory, which are thereby put in a completely new light.
Hosur, Pavan; Roberts, Daniel A; Yoshida, Beni
2015-01-01
We study chaos and scrambling in unitary channels by considering their entanglement properties as states. Using out-of-time-order correlation functions to diagnose chaos, we characterize the ability of a channel to process quantum information. We show that the generic decay of such correlators implies that any input subsystem must have near vanishing mutual information with almost all partitions of the output. Additionally, we propose the negativity of the tripartite information of the channel as a general diagnostic of scrambling. This measures the delocalization of information and is closely related to the decay of out-of-time-order correlators. We back up our results with numerics in two non-integrable models and analytic results in a perfect tensor network model of chaotic time evolution. These results show that the butterfly effect in quantum systems implies the information-theoretic definition of scrambling.
BLIND CHANNEL ESTIMATION IN DELAY DIVERSITY FOR FREQUENCY SELECTIVE CHANNELS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhao Zheng; Jia Ying; Yin Qinye
2003-01-01
Delay diversity is an effective transmit diversity technique to combat adverse ef-fects of fading. Thus far, previous work in delay diversity assumed that perfect estimates ofcurrent channel fading conditions are available at the receiver and training symbols are requiredto estimate the channel from the transmitter to the receiver. However, increasing the number ofthe antennas increases the required training interval and reduces the available time within whichdata may be transmitted. Learning the channel coefficients becomes increasingly difficult for thefrequency selective channels. In this paper, with the subspace method and the delay character ofdelay diversity, a channel estimation method is proposed, which does not use training symbols. Itaddresses the transmit diversity for a frequency selective channel from a single carrier perspectivein the form of a simple equivalent fiat fading model. Monte Carlo simulations give the perfor-mance of channel estimation and the performance comparison of our channel-estimation-baseddetector with decision feedback equalization, which uses the perfect channel information.
K(v)7 channels: function, pharmacology and channel modulators.
Dalby-Brown, William; Hansen, Henrik H; Korsgaard, Mads P G; Mirza, Naheed; Olesen, Søren-P
2006-01-01
K(v)7 channels are unique among K(+) channels, since four out of the five channel subtypes have well-documented roles in the development of human diseases. They have distinct physiological functions in the heart and in the nervous system, which can be ascribed to their voltage-gating properties. The K(v)7 channels also lend themselves to pharmacological modulation, and synthetic openers as well as blockers of the channels, regulating neuronal excitability, have existed even before the K(v)7 channels were identified by cloning. In the present review we give an account on the focused efforts to develop selective modulators, openers as well as blockers, of the K(v)7 channel subtypes, which have been undertaken during recent years, along with a discussion of the K(v)7 ion channel physiology and therapeutic indications for modulators of the neuronal K(v)7 channels.