Radio channel measurements at street intersections for vehicle-to-vehicle applications
Kåredal, Johan; Tufvesson, Fredrik; Abbas, Taimoor; Klemp, Oliver; Paier, Alexander; Bernadó, Laura; Molisch, Andreas
2010-01-01
This paper presents the results of an empirical study of wireless propagation channels for vehicle-to-vehicle communications in street intersections, a scenario especially important for collision avoidance applications. The results are derived from a channel measurement campaign performed at 5.6 GHz in four different types of urban intersections. We present results on typical power delay profiles, pathloss and delay spreads and discuss important propagation mechanisms. By comparing the res...
The importance of channel intersections in the catalytic performance of high silica stilbite
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Davis, T. M.; Chen, C.-Y.; Žilková, Naděžda; Vitvarová, Dana; Čejka, Jiří; Zones, S. I.
2013-01-01
Roč. 298, FEB 2013 (2013), s. 84-93. ISSN 0021-9517 R&D Projects: GA ČR GBP106/12/G015 Institutional support: RVO:61388955 Keywords : SSZ-75 (STI) * Acidity * Channel intersections Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 6.073, year: 2013
Hydrodynamics and sediment suspension in shallow tidal channels intersecting a tidal flat
Pieterse, Aline; Puleo, Jack A.; McKenna, Thomas E.
2016-05-01
A field study was conducted on a tidal flat intersected by small tidal channels (depth tidal marsh. Data were collected in the channels, and on the adjacent tidal flat that encompasses approximately 1600 m2 in planform area. Hydrodynamic processes and sediment suspension between the channels and adjacent flat were compared. Shear stress and turbulent kinetic energy were computed from high frequency velocity measurements. Maximum water depth at the field site varied from 0.11 m during the lowest neap high tide to 0.58 m during a storm event. In the channel intersecting the tidal flat, the shear stress, turbulence and along-channel velocity were ebb dominant; e.g. 0.33 m/s peak velocity for ebb compared to 0.19 m/s peak velocity for flood. Distinct pulses in velocity occurred when the water level was near the tidal flat level. The velocity pulse during flood tide occurred at a higher water level than during ebb tide. No corresponding velocity pulse on the tidal flat was observed. Sediment concentrations peaked at the beginning and end of each tidal cycle, and often had a secondary peak close to high tide, assumed to be related to sediment advection. The influence of wind waves on bed shear stress and sediment suspension was negligible. Water levels were elevated during a storm event such that the tidal flat remained inundated for 4 tidal cycles. The water did not drain from the tidal flat into the channels during the storm, and no velocity pulses occurred. Along-channel velocities, turbulent kinetic energy, and shear stresses were therefore smaller in the channels during storm conditions than during non-storm conditions.
Experimental and numerical studies on the mixing at the intersection of millimetric channels
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Etcheverry, F; Cachile, M [LIA-Grupo de Medios Porosos, Facultad de Ingenieria, UBA, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gomba, J M [Instituto de Fisica Arroyo Seco, UNCPBA, Tandil (Argentina); Wolluschek, C, E-mail: mcachil@fi.uba.ar [Mecanica de Fluidos e Ingenieria Termica, Centro tecnologico Cemitec, Noain, Navarra (Spain)
2011-05-01
In this work, experimental and numerical results on the effect of diffusion and geometrical dispersion on the mixing of confluent flows are presented. Two channels with an internal diameter D{sub h} = 4 mm intersect with an angle {alpha} = 30,60,90,120,150,180{sup 0}. The experimental setup allows to accurately control the flow rate and assures a constant flow at both inlets. The mixing properties are studied by injecting pure water in one inlet and colored water at the other. The effects of the inlet flow and the intersection angle on the diffusion of ink is analyzed. We observed that the mixing by convection is only important for {alpha} = 180{sup 0}. For other angles, diffusion is the main mechanism for mixing.
Experimental and numerical studies on the mixing at the intersection of millimetric channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this work, experimental and numerical results on the effect of diffusion and geometrical dispersion on the mixing of confluent flows are presented. Two channels with an internal diameter Dh = 4 mm intersect with an angle α = 30,60,90,120,150,1800. The experimental setup allows to accurately control the flow rate and assures a constant flow at both inlets. The mixing properties are studied by injecting pure water in one inlet and colored water at the other. The effects of the inlet flow and the intersection angle on the diffusion of ink is analyzed. We observed that the mixing by convection is only important for α = 1800. For other angles, diffusion is the main mechanism for mixing.
A MEMS-based silicon micropump with intersecting channels and integrated hotwires
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper presents the development of a gas-jet micropump with different cross-junctions and integrated hotwire. The device is actuated by a piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT) diaphragm at its resonant frequency. The design focuses on a cross-junction formed by the intersection of the channels and neck of the pump chamber, which allows differences in fluidic resistance and fluidic momentum during each PZT diaphragm vibration cycle and thus enables rectification of the gas without valves. Three different designs were investigated by utilizing the ANSYS-FLUENT software. Simulations and experimental data revealed that the step nozzle structure with anti-choking space has much more advantages than the others. The device has been fabricated by the standard MEMS process, and the tiny hotwire has been realized together with the fluidic network. Experiments have been carried out. At a driven frequency of 7.9 kHz, a flow rate of 5.2 ml min−1 was obtained with an applied sinusoidal voltage of 50 Vp-p. The output voltage on the hotwire was measured to be 130 mV at a constant current of I = 0.1 mA
A MEMS-based silicon micropump with intersecting channels and integrated hotwires
Thanh Dau, Van; Dinh, Thien Xuan; Sugiyama, Susumu
2009-12-01
This paper presents the development of a gas-jet micropump with different cross-junctions and integrated hotwire. The device is actuated by a piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT) diaphragm at its resonant frequency. The design focuses on a cross-junction formed by the intersection of the channels and neck of the pump chamber, which allows differences in fluidic resistance and fluidic momentum during each PZT diaphragm vibration cycle and thus enables rectification of the gas without valves. Three different designs were investigated by utilizing the ANSYS-FLUENT software. Simulations and experimental data revealed that the step nozzle structure with anti-choking space has much more advantages than the others. The device has been fabricated by the standard MEMS process, and the tiny hotwire has been realized together with the fluidic network. Experiments have been carried out. At a driven frequency of 7.9 kHz, a flow rate of 5.2 ml min-1 was obtained with an applied sinusoidal voltage of 50 Vp-p. The output voltage on the hotwire was measured to be 130 mV at a constant current of I = 0.1 mA.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Marfelt, Mikkel Mouritz
2016-01-01
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to build on contemporary intersectional literature to develop a grounded methodological framework for the study of social differences. Design/methodology/approach – A systematic literature review serves as the foundation for a discussion of the challenges as...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Barbara Harbin Cobb
2009-01-01
<正>I’m a few years older than the People’s Re- public of China, but hardly an infant compared to China’s vast history and culture. China and I have intersected at many points, and I want to tell you about a few of them.
Borel, Armand
1984-01-01
This book is a publication in Swiss Seminars, a subseries of Progress in Mathematics. It is an expanded version of the notes from a seminar on intersection cohomology theory, which met at the University of Bern, Switzerland, in the spring of 1983. This volume supplies an introduction to the piecewise linear and sheaf-theoretic versions of that theory as developed by M. Goresky and R. MacPherson in Topology 19 (1980), and in Inventiones Mathematicae 72 (1983). While some familiarity with algebraic topology and sheaf theory is assumed, the notes include a self-contained account of further material on constructibility, derived categories, Verdier duality, biduality, and on stratified spaces, which is used in the second paper but not found in standard texts. "The volume should be useful to someone interested in acquiring some basic knowledge about the field..." —Mathematical Reviews.
2015-01-01
There are many types of intersections in the Netherlands. In an inherently safe road traffic system, however, the number of intersection types needs to be limited, depending on the road types that intersect. The desired types of intersections do not always correspond with the recommendations in the design manuals. The conflicts and the differences in mass and speed determine that may occur determine which type of intersections is required. Where conflicts are unavoidable, it is important to l...
Intersection homology Betti numbers
Durfee, A H
1993-01-01
A generalization of the formula of Fine and Rao for the ranks of the intersection homology groups of a complex algebraic variety is given. The proof uses geometric properties of intersection homology and mixed Hodge theory.
Deburring small intersecting holes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gillespie, L.K.
1980-08-01
Deburring intersecting holes is one of the most difficult deburring tasks faced by many industries. Only 14 of the 37 major deburring processes are applicable to most intersecting hole applications. Only five of these are normally applicable to small or miniature holes. Basic process capabilities and techniques used as a function of hole sizes and intersection depths are summarized.
INTERSECTIONAL DISCRIMINATION AGAINST CHILDREN
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ravnbøl, Camilla Ida
This paper adds a perspective to existing research on child protection by engaging in a debate on intersectional discrimination and its relationship to child protection. The paper has a twofold objective, (1) to further establish intersectionality as a concept to address discrimination against...
Robbiano, Lorenzo
2011-01-01
A complete intersection of n polynomials in n indeterminates has only a finite number of zeros. In this paper we address the following question: how do the zeros change when the coefficients of the polynomials are perturbed? In the first part we show how to construct semi-algebraic sets in the parameter space over which all the complete intersection ideals share the same number of isolated real zeros. In the second part we show how to modify the complete intersection and get a new one which generates the same ideal but whose real zeros are more stable with respect to perturbations of the coefficients.
Modern multilevel urban road intersections
Rankel, Gašper
2007-01-01
The work is describing and comparing different modern urban intersections. Urban intersections can be a problem since urban space is limiting traffic control to be satisfying. This is the reason for using multi-level intersections which divide traffic flows to few parts where operations of turning and sorting between the lanes are easily made. With bigger intersection volume we decrease its ground plan area. One-level signalized intersection and one-level roundabout are analyzed for the compa...
1974-01-01
The experimental apparatus used at intersection 1 by the CERN-Bologna Collaboration (experiment R105). It consists of two almost identical magnetic spectrometers centered at 90 degrees on opposite sides of the intersection region. In each spectrometer one can see magnetostrictive wire spark chambers, a magnet, more chambers and various hodoscopes of scintillation counters. Gas Cerenkov counters (almost invisible in the picture) are located in the gap of each magnet. On the left hand side, a matrix of 119 lead glass Cerenkov counters is located behind some concrete and iron shielding.
Intersection carbon monoxide modeling
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this note the author discusses the need for better air quality mobile source models near roadways and intersections. To develop the improved models, a better understanding of emissions and their relation to ambient concentrations is necessary. The database for the modal model indicates that vehicles do have different emission levels for different engine operating modes. If the modal approach is used information is needed on traffic signal phasing, queue lengths, delay times, acceleration rates, deceleration rates, capacity, etc. Dispersion estimates using current air quality models may be inaccurate because the models do not take into account intersecting traffic streams, multiple buildings of varying setbacks, height, and spacing
Flow Deflection in Intersected Tubes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
In order to verify the flow interference at the fracture intersections, a group of hydraulic simulations of crossing flow was carried out. The manifold interference effects at the intersection of fractures on water flow has been confirmed extensively either in the normal or in the oblique intersected tubes as well as in the intersected tubes of either equal or variant diameters. Consequently, suggest that the fissure network can no longer be taken as a set of solitary fractures, but as a set of elementary intersected ractures. The deflection effect at fracture intersections on the water flow should be taken into considwhen is dealt with any theory related to the water migration in fractures.
Random intersection graph process
Bloznelis, Mindaugas; Karonski, Michal
2013-01-01
We introduce a random intersection graph process aimed at modeling sparse evolving affiliation networks that admit tunable (power law) degree distribution and assortativity and clustering coefficients. We show the asymptotic degree distribution and provide explicit asymptotic formulas for assortativity and clustering coefficients.
1971-01-01
Intersection I-2 of the ISR during the installation of experiments. On the left to the crossing region can be seen the massive iron plate structure of the muon detector being used by a British collaboration in a search for the intermediate vector boson. The magnet and hodoscopes on the right are part of the spectrometer arm of the Bristish-Scandinavian Collaration.
1971-01-01
Intersection I-1 of the ISR in August 1971 showing the 90 degree large acceptance spectrometer of the Saclay-Strasbourg Collaboration which is studying the momentum spectra of electrons at large angles. On the left of the crossing region can be seen the track used by the CERN-Bucharest-Cracow-Tata Collaboration to bring nuclear emulsions into the ISR.
Complete intersection dimension for complexes
Sather-Wagstaff, Sean
2003-01-01
We extend the notions of complete intersection dimension and lower complete intersection dimension to the category of complexes with finite homology and verify basic properties analogous to those holding for modules. We also discuss the question of the behavior of complete intersection dimension with respect to short exact sequences.
Outlook from the intersections
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
I review a number of the physics themes of the Fifth Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics, discussing the significance and promise of current work at the interface of these fields. Some of thee themes are: pattern of quark and boson masses; solar neutrino problem; lepton flavor violation tests; atomic dipole moments studies; Δs=0 weak interaction between nucleons; and strongly-interacting many-body problems
Intersection homology Kunneth theorems
Friedman, Greg
2008-01-01
Cohen, Goresky and Ji showed that there is a Kunneth theorem relating the intersection homology groups $I^{\\bar p}H_*(X\\times Y)$ to $I^{\\bar p}H_*(X)$ and $I^{\\bar p}H_*(Y)$, provided that the perversity $\\bar p$ satisfies rather strict conditions. We consider biperversities and prove that there is a K\\"unneth theorem relating $I^{\\bar p,\\bar q}H_*(X\\times Y)$ to $I^{\\bar p}H_*(X)$ and $I^{\\bar q}H_*(Y)$ for all choices of $\\bar p$ and $\\bar q$. Furthermore, we prove that the Kunneth theorem...
Complementarity of Traffic Flow Intersecting Method with Intersection Capacity Analysis
Lanović, Zdenko
2009-01-01
The paper studies the complementarity of the methods from the field of traffic flow theory: methods of traffic flow intersecting intensity and the method for the at-grade intersection capacity analysis. Apart from checking mutual implications of these methods, the proportionality of mutual influences is assessed. Harmonized application of these methods acts efficiently on the entire traffic network, and not only on the intersections that are usually incorrectly represented as the only network...
Annotations for Intersection Typechecking
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Joshua Dunfield
2013-07-01
Full Text Available In functional programming languages, the classic form of annotation is a single type constraint on a term. Intersection types add complications: a single term may have to be checked several times against different types, in different contexts, requiring annotation with several types. Moreover, it is useful (in some systems, necessary to indicate the context in which each such type is to be used. This paper explores the technical design space of annotations in systems with intersection types. Earlier work (Dunfield and Pfenning 2004 introduced contextual typing annotations, which we now tease apart into more elementary mechanisms: a "right hand" annotation (the standard form, a "left hand" annotation (the context in which a right-hand annotation is to be used, a merge that allows for multiple annotations, and an existential binder for index variables. The most novel element is the left-hand annotation, which guards terms (and right-hand annotations with a judgment that must follow from the current context.
Behavior Classification Algorithms at Intersections
Aoude, Georges; Desaraju, Vishnu Rajeswar; Stephens, Lauren H.; How, Jonathan P.
2011-01-01
The ability to classify driver behavior lays the foundation for more advanced driver assistance systems. Improving safety at intersections has also been identified as high priority due to the large number of intersection related fatalities. This paper focuses on developing algorithms for estimating driver behavior at road intersections. It introduces two classes of algorithms that can classify drivers as compliant or violating. They are based on 1) Support Vector Machines (SVM) and 2) Hidden ...
Fast Set Intersection in Memory
Ding, Bolin; König, Arnd Christian
2011-01-01
Set intersection is a fundamental operation in information retrieval and database systems. This paper introduces linear space data structures to represent sets such that their intersection can be computed in a worst-case efficient way. In general, given k (preprocessed) sets, with totally n elements, we will show how to compute their intersection in expected time O(n/sqrt(w)+kr), where r is the intersection size and w is the number of bits in a machine-word. In addition,we introduce a very si...
-Mixed Intersection Bodies and Star Duality
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Zhao Chang-jian; Wing-Sum Cheung
2010-09-01
The paper extends the two notions of the dual mixed volumes and -intersection body to -dual mixed volumes and -mixed intersection body, respectively. Inequalities for the star dual of -mixed intersection bodies are established.
Modelling of urban traffic networkof signalized intersections
Ocran, Abena Kwantwiwaa
2013-01-01
This report presents how traffic network of signalized intersection in a chosen urban area called Tema is synchronized. Using a modular approach, two different types of traffic intersection commonly found in an urban area were modelled i.e. a simple intersection and a complex intersection. A direct road, even though not an intersection, was also included in the modelling because it’s commonly found in an urban area plus it connects any two intersections. Each of these scenarios was modelled u...
Intersectional perspective in elderly care
Cuesta, Marta; Rämgård, Margareta
2016-01-01
Earlier research has shown that power relationships at workplaces are constructed by power structures. Processes related to power always influence the working conditions for (in this study in elderly care) the working groups involved. Power structures are central for intersectional analysis, in the sense that the intersectional perspective highlights aspects such as gender and ethnicity (subjective dimensions) and interrelates them to processes of power (objective dimension). This qualitative study aims to explore in what way an intersectional perspective could contribute to increased knowledge of power structures in a nursing home where the employees were mostly immigrants from different countries. By using reflexive dialogues related to an intersectional perspective, new knowledge which contributes to the employees’ well-being could develop. Narrative analysis was the method used to conduct this study. Through a multi-stage focus group on six occasions over 6 months, the staff were engaged in intersectional and critical reflections about power relationship with the researchers, by identifying patterns in their professional activities that could be connected to their subjectivities (gender, ethnicity, etc.). The result of this study presents three themes that express the staff's experiences and connect these experiences to structural discrimination. 1) Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of professionalism; 2) Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of collaboration; and 3) Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of discrimination. The result demonstrates that an intersectional perspective reinforces the involved abilities, during the conversations, into being clear about, for example, their experiences of discrimination, and consequently developing a better understanding of their professionalism and collaboration. Such deeper reflections became possible through a process of consciousness raising, strengthening the employee's self
Intersectional perspective in elderly care
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marta Cuesta
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Earlier research has shown that power relationships at workplaces are constructed by power structures. Processes related to power always influence the working conditions for (in this study in elderly care the working groups involved. Power structures are central for intersectional analysis, in the sense that the intersectional perspective highlights aspects such as gender and ethnicity (subjective dimensions and interrelates them to processes of power (objective dimension. This qualitative study aims to explore in what way an intersectional perspective could contribute to increased knowledge of power structures in a nursing home where the employees were mostly immigrants from different countries. By using reflexive dialogues related to an intersectional perspective, new knowledge which contributes to the employees’ well-being could develop. Narrative analysis was the method used to conduct this study. Through a multi-stage focus group on six occasions over 6 months, the staff were engaged in intersectional and critical reflections about power relationship with the researchers, by identifying patterns in their professional activities that could be connected to their subjectivities (gender, ethnicity, etc.. The result of this study presents three themes that express the staff's experiences and connect these experiences to structural discrimination. 1 Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of professionalism; 2 Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of collaboration; and 3 Intersectionality, knowledge, and experiences of discrimination. The result demonstrates that an intersectional perspective reinforces the involved abilities, during the conversations, into being clear about, for example, their experiences of discrimination, and consequently developing a better understanding of their professionalism and collaboration. Such deeper reflections became possible through a process of consciousness raising, strengthening the employee
Residual intersections and some applications
Wu, X
1994-01-01
We give a new residual intersection decomposition for the refined intersection products of Fulton-MacPherson. Our formula refines the celebrated residual intersection formula of Fulton, Kleiman, Laksov, and MacPherson. The new decomposition is more likely to be compatible with the canonical decomposition of the intersection products and each term in the decomposition thus has simple geometric meaning. Our study is motivated by its applications to some geometric problems. In particular, we use the decomposition to find the distribution of limiting linear subspaces in degenerations of hypersurfaces. A family of identities for characteristic classes of vector bundles is also obtained as another consequence. This paper will appear in Duke Math. Jour.
Intersectional perspective in elderly care
Cuesta, Marta; Rämgård, Margareta
2016-01-01
Earlier research has shown that power relationships at workplaces are constructed by power structures. Processes related to power always influence the working conditions for (in this study in elderly care) the working groups involved. Power structures are central for intersectional analysis, in the sense that the intersectional perspective highlights aspects such as gender and ethnicity (subjective dimensions) and interrelates them to processes of power (objective dimension). This qualitative...
On the intersection of additive perfect codes
Rifà, Authors J.; Solov'eva, F.; Villanueva, M.
2006-01-01
The intersection problem for additive (extended and non-extended) perfect codes, i.e. which are the possibilities for the number of codewords in the intersection of two additive codes C1 and C2 of the same length, is investigated. Lower and upper bounds for the intersection number are computed and, for any value between these bounds, codes which have this given intersection value are constructed. For all these codes the abelian group structure of the intersection is characterized. The paramet...
Modeling Traffic Flow and Management at Un-signalized, Signalized and Roundabout Road Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Kakooza
2005-01-01
Full Text Available Traffic congestion continues to hinder economic and social development and also has a negative impact on the environment. A simple mathematical model is used to analyze the different types of road intersections in terms of their Performance in relation to managing traffic congestion and to establish the condition for stability of the road intersections after sufficiently longer periods of time (steady-state. In the analysis, single and double lane un-signalized, signalized and roundabout intersections are evaluated on the basis of their performance (expected number of vehicles and waiting time. Experimental scenarios are carefully designed to analyze the performance of the different types of intersections. It is noted that under light traffic, roundabout intersections perform better than un-signalized and signalized in terms of easing congestion. However under heavy traffic, signalized intersection perform better in terms of easing traffic congestion compared to un-signalized and roundabout intersections. It is further noted that for stability of a road intersection, the proportion of the time a road link stopping at an intersection is delayed should not exceed the utilization factor (the ratio of the arrival rate of vehicles to the product of number of service channels and service rate.
Intersections: Form, Feeling, and Isomorphism
Reichling, Mary J.
2004-01-01
In this article, the author examines the intersections of three concepts, form, feeling, and isomorphism, in the work of Susanne Langer, as they are fundamental to an understanding of her aesthetic theory and to the construction of a philosophy of music and music education. These three concepts hold meanings that differ among musicians and…
On Intersections of Cantor Sets: Hausdorff Measure
Steen Pedersen; Phillips, Jason D.
2012-01-01
We establish formulas for bounds on the Haudorff measure of the intersection of certain Cantor sets with their translates. As a consequence we obtain a formula for the Hausdorff dimensions of these intersections.
The Clique Problem in Ray Intersection Graphs
Cabello, Sergio; Langerman, Stefan
2011-01-01
Ray intersection graphs are intersection graphs of rays, or halflines, in the plane. We show that any planar graph has an even subdivision whose complement is a ray intersection graph. The construction can be done in polynomial time and implies that finding a maximum clique in a segment intersection graph is NP-hard. This solves a 21-year old open problem posed by Kratochv\\'il and Ne\\v{s}et\\v{r}il.
Decentralized Coordination of Autonomous Vehicles at intersections
Makarem, Laleh; Gillet, Denis
2011-01-01
In this paper, the decentralized coordination of point-mass autonomous vehicles at intersections using navigation functions is considered. As main contribution, the inertia of the vehicles is taken into account to enable on-board energy optimization for crossing. In such a way, heavier vehicles that need more energy and time for acceleration or breaking are given an indirect priority at intersections. The proposed decentralized coordination scheme of autonomous vehicles at intersection is com...
Vanishing of cohomology over complete intersection rings
Sadeghi, Arash
2012-01-01
Let R be a complete intersection ring and let M and N be R-modules. It is shown that the vanishing of Ext^i_R(M,N) for a certain number of consecutive values of i starting at n forces the complete intersection dimension of M to be at most n-1. We also estimate the complete intersection dimension of the dual of M, in terms of vanishing of the cohomology modules, Ext^i_R(M,N).
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
In this paper the author first introduce a new concept of Lp-dual mixed volumes of star bodies which extends the classical dual mixed volumes. Moreover, we extend the notions of Lp- intersection body to Lp-mixed intersection body. Inequalities for Lp-dual mixed volumes of Lp-mixed intersection bodies are established and the results established here provide new estimates for these type of inequalities.
The Shard Intersection Order on Permutations
Bancroft, Erin
2011-01-01
The shard intersection order is a new lattice structure on a finite Coxeter group W which encodes the geometry of the reflection arrangement and the lattice theory of the weak order. In the case where W is the symmetric group, we characterize shard intersections as certain pre-orders which we call permutation pre-orders. We use this combinatorial characterization to determine properties of the shard intersection order. In particular, we give an EL-labeling.
Twin intersection mechanisms in nanocrystalline fcc metals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Deformation twins have been reported to produce high strength and ductility. Intersections of deformation twins may affect the microstructural evolution during plastic deformation and consequently influence mechanical properties. However, the mechanisms governing twin-intersection behavior remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated twin intersection mechanisms by observing twin transmission across the boundary of another twin using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Based on the experimental observations, mechanisms were proposed for twin–twin intersections and associated dislocation reactions in nanocrystalline fcc materials
Framing Gender Intersections in the European Union
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lombardo, Emanuela; Agustin, Lise Rolandsen
2012-01-01
increasingly present but they are treated implicitly and from a separate perspective, and the inclusion of a wide range of inequalities often implies a degendering of the policy content. We assess the implications of the identified intersectionality trends for the quality of intersectionality in gender......This article explores the extent to which the emergence of an antidiscrimination policy in the European Union (EU) implies a shift in EU gender equality policies towards an intersectional approach. The frame analysis of EU gender equality policy documents shows that intersectional dimensions are...
Doerzaph, Zachary Richard
2004-01-01
It is estimated that as many as 2.7 million crashes occur each year at intersections or are intersection related; resulting in over 8500 fatalities each year. These statistics have prompted government and corporate sponsored research into collision countermeasure systems that can enhance safety at intersections. Researchers are investigating technologies to provide an infrastructure-based or infrastructure-cooperative Intersection Decision Support (IDS) systems. Such systems would use pre-...
Solitons on intersecting 3-branes
Cottrell, Willam; Pillai, Mohandas
2014-01-01
We consider a system consisting of a pair of D3 branes intersecting each other along a line such that half of the 16 supersymmetries are preserved. We then study the existence of magnetic monopole solutions corresponding to a D1-brane suspended between these D3 branes. We consider this problem in the zero slope limit where the tilt of the D3-branes is encoded in the uniform gradient of the adjoint scalar field. Such a system is closely related to the non-abelian flux background considered originally by van Baal. We provide three arguments supporting the existence of a single magnetic monopole solution. We also comment on the relation between our construction and a recent work by Mintun, Polchinski, and Sun.
Tracks, intersections and dead ends
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siim, Birte; Skjeie, Hege
2008-01-01
The article discusses multicultural challenges to state feminism in Denmark and Norway focusing both on similarities and differences in the two countries policy responses. In spite of important differences, we point towards similar problems and dilemmas in the public responses to multiculturalism...... inclusion of organisations of civil society in political power. The second part explores the framing of the hijab as a political issue of "intersections" of gender equality versus religious belongings. The third part investigates what we see as a "dead end" in policy making to prevent violations of women......'s rights; that is the general, age based, restrictions on family unification as a means to combat forced marriages. Finally, in the conclusion, we emphasise the importance of participatory women-friendly politics that include all who are affected by political decisions. ...
On the intersection ring of graph manifolds
Doig, Margaret I.; Horn, Peter D.
2014-01-01
We calculate the intersection ring of three-dimensional graph manifolds with rational coefficients and give an algebraic characterization of these rings when the manifold's underlying graph is a tree. We are able to use this characterization to show that the intersection ring obstructs arbitrary three-manifolds from being homology cobordant to certain graph manifolds.
Rank 2 fusion rings are complete intersections
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Troels Bak
We give a non-constructive proof that fusion rings attached to a simple complex Lie algebra of rank 2 are complete intersections.......We give a non-constructive proof that fusion rings attached to a simple complex Lie algebra of rank 2 are complete intersections....
Conical intersection seams in polyenes derived from their chemical composition
Nenov, Artur; de Vivie-Riedle, Regina
2012-08-01
The knowledge of conical intersection seams is important to predict and explain the outcome of ultrafast reactions in photochemistry and photobiology. They define the energetic low-lying reachable regions that allow for the ultrafast non-radiative transitions. In complex molecules it is not straightforward to locate them. We present a systematic approach to predict conical intersection seams in multifunctionalized polyenes and their sensitivity to substituent effects. Included are seams that facilitate the photoreaction of interest as well as seams that open competing loss channels. The method is based on the extended two-electron two-orbital method [A. Nenov and R. de Vivie-Riedle, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 034304 (2011)], 10.1063/1.3608924. It allows to extract the low-lying regions for non-radiative transitions, which are then divided into small linear segments. Rules of thumb are introduced to find the support points for these segments, which are then used in a linear interpolation scheme for a first estimation of the intersection seams. Quantum chemical optimization of the linear interpolated structures yields the final energetic position. We demonstrate our method for the example of the electrocyclic isomerization of trifluoromethyl-pyrrolylfulgide.
Conical intersection seams in polyenes derived from their chemical composition
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nenov, Artur; Vivie-Riedle, Regina de [Department Chemie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univerisitaet, Muenchen Butenandtstr. 11, 81377 Muenchen (Germany)
2012-08-21
The knowledge of conical intersection seams is important to predict and explain the outcome of ultrafast reactions in photochemistry and photobiology. They define the energetic low-lying reachable regions that allow for the ultrafast non-radiative transitions. In complex molecules it is not straightforward to locate them. We present a systematic approach to predict conical intersection seams in multifunctionalized polyenes and their sensitivity to substituent effects. Included are seams that facilitate the photoreaction of interest as well as seams that open competing loss channels. The method is based on the extended two-electron two-orbital method [A. Nenov and R. de Vivie-Riedle, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 034304 (2011)]. It allows to extract the low-lying regions for non-radiative transitions, which are then divided into small linear segments. Rules of thumb are introduced to find the support points for these segments, which are then used in a linear interpolation scheme for a first estimation of the intersection seams. Quantum chemical optimization of the linear interpolated structures yields the final energetic position. We demonstrate our method for the example of the electrocyclic isomerization of trifluoromethyl-pyrrolylfulgide.
Handling of Human-Geosphere Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Martin Bohle
2016-01-01
Full Text Available This essay introduces the notion of “human-geosphere intersections”, describes “engineering” as an aspect of anthropogenic global change, and reflects on particular “paradigms” that may govern human-geosphere intersections. Seen conceptually, engineering is undertaken to meet needs and preferences of people within a composite framework of technological means, scientific insights, worldviews, and value system. Nowadays, the engineering of production systems, of consumption patterns, and of related intersections of human activities with the biotic and abiotic environments is a central feature of the anthropogenic global change process. In the last centuries, the cultural evolution of humankind took a development path that now is furthering an engineered planetary process to intersect properties of the geo-biosphere with the noosphere (“human-geosphere intersections”. Four paradigms, ”adjustment”, “dovetailing”, “decoupling” and “modulating” are discussed, which may frame the engineering of human-geosphere intersections. These paradigms convene different insights into how bio-geosphere and noosphere function, how to alter human-geosphere intersections, and how engineering mediates between both spheres. Whatever paradigm is retained to engineer human-geosphere intersections, geoscience know-how has to be part of the noosphere, and geo-ethics should provide an orientation how human activities and geosphere should intersect.
Intersections of certain deleted digits sets
Pedersen, Steen
2011-01-01
We consider some properties of the intersection of deleted digits Cantor sets with their translates. We investigate conditions on the set of digits such that, for any t between zero and the dimension of the deleted digits Cantor set itself, the set of translations such that the intersection has Hausdorff dimension equal to t is dense in the set F of translations such that the intersection is non-empty. We make some simple observations regarding properties of the set F, in particular, we characterize when F is an interval, in terms of conditions on the digit set.
Detection and Transparency increase of Intersections
Novak, Simon
2012-01-01
People are not able to drive within the limits we have set to ourself. One of the biggest problems in the road traffic is excessive speed and failure to comply with the road traffic regulations. We need to realize that in Slovenia, more than 50% of all accidents happen at the intersections. At the intersection we have different road users and their paths intersect or combine, so it is very important to ensure the safety of them. There are a variety of devices and measures for successf...
FUZZY INTERSECTION GRAPHS OF FUZZY SEMIGROUPS
Sen, M K; Chowdhury, G.; D. S. MALIK
2006-01-01
Let S be a semigroup. This paper studies the intersection graphs of fuzzy semigroups. It is shown that the fuzzy intersection graph Int(G(S)), of S, is complete if and only if S is power joined. If Γ(S) denotes the set of all fuzzy right ideals of S, then the fuzzy intersection graph Int(Γ(S)) is complete if and only if S is fuzzy right uniform. Moreover, it is shown that Int(Γ(S)) is chordal if and only if for a,b,c,d ∈ S, some pair from {a,b,c,d} has a right common multiple property. It is ...
Session Types = Intersection Types + Union Types
Padovani, Luca
2011-01-01
We propose a semantically grounded theory of session types which relies on intersection and union types. We argue that intersection and union types are natural candidates for modeling branching points in session types and we show that the resulting theory overcomes some important defects of related behavioral theories. In particular, intersections and unions provide a native solution to the problem of computing joins and meets of session types. Also, the subtyping relation turns out to be a pre-congruence, while this is not always the case in related behavioral theories.
Multiphase Flow in Geometrically Simple Fracture Intersections
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hakan Basagaoglu; Paul Meakin; Sauro Succi; Timothy R. Ginn
2006-03-01
A two-dimensional lattice Boltzmann (LB) model with fluid-fluid and solid-fluid interaction potentials was used to Study gravity-driven flow in geometrically simple fracture intersections. simulated scenarios included fluid dripping from a fracture aperture, two-phase flow through intersecting fractures and thin-filin flow oil smooth and undulating solid surfaces. Qualitative comparisons with recently published experimental findings indicate that for these scenarios the LB model captured the underlying physics reasonably well.
Multiphase flow in geometrically simple fracture intersections
Basagaoglu, H.; Meakin, P.; Green, C.T.; Mathew, M.
2006-01-01
A two-dimensional lattice Boltzmann (LB) model with fluid-fluid and solid-fluid interaction potentials was used to study gravity-driven flow in geometrically simple fracture intersections. Simulated scenarios included fluid dripping from a fracture aperture, two-phase flow through intersecting fractures and thin-film flow on smooth and undulating solid surfaces. Qualitative comparisons with recently published experimental findings indicate that for these scenarios the LB model captured the underlying physics reasonably well.
Noncrossing partitions and the shard intersection order
Reading, Nathan
2009-01-01
We define a new lattice structure on the elements of a finite Coxeter group W. This lattice, called the shard intersection order, is weaker than the weak order and has the noncrossing partition lattice NC(W) as a sublattice. The new construction of NC(W) yields a new proof that NC(W) is a lattice. The shard intersection order is graded and its rank generating function is the W-Eulerian polynomial. Many order-theoretic properties of the shard intersection order, like Mobius number, number of maximal chains, etc., are exactly analogous to the corresponding properties of NC(W). There is a natural dimension-preserving bijection between simplices in the order complex of the shard intersection order (i.e. chains in the shard intersection order) and simplices in a certain pulling triangulation of the W-permutohedron. Restricting the bijection to the order complex of NC(W) yields a bijection to simplices in a pulling triangulation of the W-associahedron. The shard intersection order is defined indirectly via the poly...
Trimming self-intersections in swept volume solid modeling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhi-qi XU; Xiu-zi YE; Zhi-yang CHEN; Yin ZHANG; San-yuan ZHANG
2008-01-01
Swept volume solid modeling has been applied to many areas such as NC machining simulation and verification, robot workspace analysis, collision detection, and CAD. But self-intersections continue to be a challenging problem in the boundary representation of swept volume solids. A novel algorithm is presented in this paper to trim self-intersection regions in swept volume solids modeling. This trimming algorithm consists of two major steps: (1) roughly detecting self-intersection regions by checking intersections or overlapping of the envelop profiles; (2) splitting the whole envelop surfaces of the swept volume solid into separate non-self-intersecting patches to trim global self-intersections, and to trim local self-intersections, dividing local self-intersecting regions into patches and replacing self-intersecting patches with non-self-intersecting ones. Examples show that our algorithm is efficient and robust.
The landscape of intersecting brane models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Douglas, Michael R. [NHETC and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08855-0849 (United States); Taylor, Washington [Center for Theoretical Physics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
2007-01-15
We develop tools for analyzing the space of intersecting brane models. We apply these tools to a particular T{sup 6}/Z{sup 2}{sub 2} orientifold which has been used for model building. We prove that there are a finite number of intersecting brane models on this orientifold which satisfy the Diophantine equations coming from supersymmetry. We give estimates for numbers of models with specific gauge groups, which we confirm numerically. We analyze the distributions and correlations of intersection numbers which characterize the numbers of generations of chiral fermions, and show that intersection numbers are roughly independent, with a characteristic distribution which is peaked around 0 and in which integers with fewer divisors are mildly suppressed. As an application, the number of models containing a gauge group SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) or SU(4) x SU(2) x SU(2) and 3 generations of appropriate types of chiral matter is estimated to be order O(10), in accord with previous explicit constructions. As another application of the methods developed in the paper, we construct a new pair of 3-generation SU(4) x SU(2) x SU(2) Pati-Salam models using intersecting branes. We conclude with a description of how this analysis can be generalized to a broader class of Calabi-Yau orientifolds, and a discussion of how the numbers of IBM's are related to numbers of stabilized vacua.
The landscape of intersecting brane models
Douglas, Michael R.; Taylor, Washington
2007-01-01
We develop tools for analyzing the space of intersecting brane models. We apply these tools to a particular T6/Bbb Z22 orientifold which has been used for model building. We prove that there are a finite number of intersecting brane models on this orientifold which satisfy the Diophantine equations coming from supersymmetry. We give estimates for numbers of models with specific gauge groups, which we confirm numerically. We analyze the distributions and correlations of intersection numbers which characterize the numbers of generations of chiral fermions, and show that intersection numbers are roughly independent, with a characteristic distribution which is peaked around 0 and in which integers with fewer divisors are mildly suppressed. As an application, the number of models containing a gauge group SU(3) × SU(2) × U(1) or SU(4) × SU(2) × SU(2) and 3 generations of appropriate types of chiral matter is estimated to be order Script O(10), in accord with previous explicit constructions. As another application of the methods developed in the paper, we construct a new pair of 3-generation SU(4) × SU(2) × SU(2) Pati-Salam models using intersecting branes. We conclude with a description of how this analysis can be generalized to a broader class of Calabi-Yau orientifolds, and a discussion of how the numbers of IBM's are related to numbers of stabilized vacua.
Intersection Logic in sequent calculus style
Della Rocca, Simona Ronchi; Stavrinos, Yiorgos; Veneti, Anastasia; 10.4204/EPTCS.45.2
2011-01-01
The intersection type assignment system has been designed directly as deductive system for assigning formulae of the implicative and conjunctive fragment of the intuitionistic logic to terms of lambda-calculus. But its relation with the logic is not standard. Between all the logics that have been proposed as its foundation, we consider ISL, which gives a logical interpretation of the intersection by splitting the intuitionistic conjunction into two connectives, with a local and global behaviour respectively, being the intersection the local one. We think ISL is a logic interesting by itself, and in order to support this claim we give a sequent calculus formulation of it, and we prove that it enjoys the cut elimination property.
Modeling aggressive driver behavior at unsignalized intersections.
Kaysi, Isam A; Abbany, Ali S
2007-07-01
The processing of vehicles at unsignalized intersections is a complex and highly interactive process, whereby each driver makes individual decisions about when, where, and how to complete the required maneuver, subject to his perceptions of distances, velocities, and own car's performance. Typically, the performance of priority-unsignalized intersections has been modeled with probabilistic approaches that consider the distribution of gaps in the major-traffic stream and their acceptance by the drivers of minor street vehicles based on the driver's "critical gap". This paper investigates the aggressive behavior of minor street vehicles at intersections that are priority-unsignalized but operate with little respect of control measures. The objective is to formulate a behavioral model that predicts the probability that a driver performs an aggressive maneuver as a function of a set of driver and traffic attributes. Parameters that were tested and modeled include driver characteristics (gender and age), car characteristics (performance and model year), and traffic attributes (number of rejected gaps, total waiting time at head of queue, and major-traffic speed). Binary probit models are developed and tested, based on a collected data set from an unsignalized intersection in the city of Beirut, to determine which of the studied variables are statistically significant in determining the aggressiveness of a specific driver. Primary conclusions reveal that age, car performance, and average speed on the major road are the major determinants of aggressive behavior. Another striking conclusion is that the total waiting time of the driver while waiting for an acceptable gap is of little significance in incurring the "forcing" behavior. The obtained model is incorporated in a simple simulation framework that reflects driver behavior and traffic stream interactions in estimating delay and conflict measures at unsignalized intersections. The simulation results were then compared
Conical intersections for light and matter waves
Leykam, Daniel
2016-01-01
We review the design, theory, and applications of two dimensional periodic lattices hosting conical intersections in their energy-momentum spectrum. The best known example is the Dirac cone, where propagation is governed by an effective Dirac equation, with electron spin replaced by a "fermionic" half-integer pseudospin. However, in many systems such as metamaterials, modal symmetries result in the formation of higher order conical intersections with integer or "bosonic" pseudospin. The ability to engineer lattices with these qualitatively different singular dispersion relations opens up many applications, including superior slab lasers, generation of orbital angular momentum, zero-index metamaterials, and quantum simulation of exotic phases of relativistic matter.
Best Angle to Orient Two Intersecting Lines
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Awwal, A S; Ferguson, S W; Shull, P B
2006-07-25
Fiducials in the form of intersecting straight lines are used to align the target in the final target chamber of the National Ignition Facility of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. One of the techniques used to locate these lines is the Hough transform. When two lines intersect at a 90 degree angle, it is tempting to orient the lines to horizontal and vertical directions. There are other possible angles at which the lines may be oriented. One question that arises while designing the fiducials is whether there is a preferred angle or range of angles that leads to higher accuracy. This work attempts to answer this question through detailed computer simulation.
Conical intersections theory, computation and experiment
Domcke, Wolfgang; Koppel, Horst
2011-01-01
The concept of adiabatic electronic potential-energy surfaces, defined by the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, is fundamental to our thinking about chemical processes. Recent computational as well as experimental studies have produced ample evidence that the so-called conical intersections of electronic energy surfaces, predicted by von Neumann and Wigner in 1929, are the rule rather than the exception in polyatomic molecules. It is nowadays increasingly recognized that conical intersections play a key mechanistic role in chemical reaction dynamics. This volume provides an up-to-date overview o
Intersecting-surfaces approach to soil structure
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V.Y. Chertkov
2005-06-01
Full Text Available The large number of intersecting surfaces in a volume divides the latter into small sub-volumes. Each of the sub-volumes is outlined or nearly outlined by parts of the intersecting surfaces. A number of simple geometrical conditions to be imposed on the intersecting surfaces determine a certain size distribution of the outlined sub-volumes. The approach based on these prerequisites was previously successfully applied to the multiple cracking and fragmentation of rocks, naturally and by blasting, as well as to soil fragmentation by shrinkage cracks. In both cases the intersecting surfaces are cracks, and sub-volumes are rock or soil fragments. The first application of the approach to the pore structure of soils was related to modelling the clay matrix pores and their size distribution. In this case the plate-like clay particles play the part of the intersecting surfaces, and the pore volumes play the part of the sub-volumes. The approach leads to the scale-invariant fragment- and pore-size distributions and permits one to take into account the superposition of the intersecting surfaces of a different physical nature and scale, the connectedness and tortuosity of the intersecting surfaces, the shape characteristics of sub-volumes, and the swelling-shrinkage of a system of clay particles. In general, soils contain, besides clay matrix pores, such sub-volumes as silt-sand grains and different types of clay aggregates and pores. The boundaries of the silt-sand grains and aggregates, along with cracks and clay particles, play the part of the intersecting surfaces. The objective of this work is to generalize the approach to model the different size distributions in sand and aggregated soil (in the last case we only consider the interaggregate, ie structural porosity. This development follows a brief summary of the approach including its previous applications as well as a consideration of the differences between such inter- secting surfaces as cracks
Photodissociation of methyl formate: Conical intersections, roaming and triple fragmentation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lin, King-Chuen; Tsai, Po-Yu [Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Chao, Meng-Hsuan [Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Kasai, Toshio [Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Graduate School of Science, Department of Chemistry, Osaka University, Toyonaka, 560-0043 Osaka (Japan); Lombardi, Andrea [Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Perugia, 06123 Perugia (Italy); Palazzetti, Federico [Scuola Normale Superiore, 56126 Pisa (Italy); Aquilanti, Vincenzo [Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Perugia, 06123 Perugia (Italy); Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Struttura della Materia, 00016 Roma (Italy)
2015-12-31
The photodissociation channels of methyl formate have been extensively investigated by two different advanced experimental techniques, ion imaging and Fourier-Transform-Infrared emission spectroscopy, combined with quantum chemical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. Our aim is to characterize the role of alternative routes to the conventional transition-state mediated pathway: the roaming and the triple fragmentation processes. The photolysis experiments, carried out at a range of laser wavelengths in the vicinity of the triple fragmentation threshold, beside the simulation of large bunches of classical trajectories with different initial conditions, have shown that both mechanisms share a common path that involves a conical intersection during the relaxation process from the electronic excited state S{sub 1} to the ground state S{sub 0}.
Photodissociation of methyl formate: Conical intersections, roaming and triple fragmentation
Lin, King-Chuen; Tsai, Po-Yu; Chao, Meng-Hsuan; Kasai, Toshio; Lombardi, Andrea; Palazzetti, Federico; Aquilanti, Vincenzo
2015-12-01
The photodissociation channels of methyl formate have been extensively investigated by two different advanced experimental techniques, ion imaging and Fourier-Transform-Infrared emission spectroscopy, combined with quantum chemical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. Our aim is to characterize the role of alternative routes to the conventional transition-state mediated pathway: the roaming and the triple fragmentation processes. The photolysis experiments, carried out at a range of laser wavelengths in the vicinity of the triple fragmentation threshold, beside the simulation of large bunches of classical trajectories with different initial conditions, have shown that both mechanisms share a common path that involves a conical intersection during the relaxation process from the electronic excited state S1 to the ground state S0.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Coe, Joshua D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Levine, B G [U IL AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN; Ong, M T [UIUC; Martinez, T J [UIUC
2008-01-01
We discuss the connectivity of intersection spaces and the role of minimal energy points within these intersection spaces (minimal energy conical intersections or MECIs) in promoting nonadiabatic transitions. We focus on malonaldeyde as a specific example, where there is a low-lying three-state conical intersection. This three-state intersection is the global minimum on the bright excited electronic state, but it plays a limited role in population transfer in our ab initio multiple spawning (AIMS) simulations because the molecule must traverse a series of two-state conical intersections to reach the three-state intersection. Due to the differences in seam space dimensionality separating conventional (two-state) and three-state intersections, we suggest that dynamical effects arising directly from a three-state intersection may prove difficult to observe in general. We also use a newly developed method for intersection optimization with geometric constraints to demonstrate the connectivity of all the stationary points in the intersection spaces for malonaldehyde. This supports the conjecture that all intersection spaces are connected, and that three-state intersections play a key role in extending this connectivity to all pairs of states, e.g. the S{sub 1}/S{sub 0} and S{sub 2}/S{sub 1} intersection spaces.
Optimising Signalised Intersection Using Wireless Vehicle Detectors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Adjin, Daniel Michael Okwabi; Torkudzor, Moses; Asare, Jack
Traffic congestion on roads wastes travel times. In this paper, we developed a vehicular traffic model to optimise a signalised intersection in Accra, using wireless vehicle detectors. Traffic volume gathered was extrapolated to cover 2011 and 2016 and were analysed to obtain the peak hour traffic...
Intersection-theoretical computations on \\Mgbar
Faber, Carel
1995-01-01
We determine necessary conditions for ample divisors in arbitrary genus as well as for very ample divisors in genus 2 and 3. We also compute the intersection numbers $\\lambda^9$ and $\\lambda_{g-1}^3$ in genus 4. The latter number is relevant for counting curves of higher genus on manifolds, cf. the recent work of Bershadsky et al.
Vacuum chamber for intersection I-4
1972-01-01
Vacuum chamber for intersection I-4 of the ISR being assembled inside a wooden mock-up of the gap of the split-field magnet. The central round-cylinder section is provisional and is to be replaced by an elliptic-cylinder section to give more space vertically for installation of detectors. Supports for the central section are of carbon fibre composite.
Intersection Exponents for Planar Brownian Motion
Lawler, Gregory F.; Werner, Wendelin
1999-01-01
We derive properties concerning all intersection exponents for planar Brownian motion and we define generalized exponents that, loosely speaking, correspond to noninteger numbers of Brownian paths. Some of these properties lead to general conjectures concerning the exact value of these exponents.
The Priority of Intersectionality in Academic Medicine.
Eckstrand, Kristen L; Eliason, Jennifer; St Cloud, Tiffani; Potter, Jennifer
2016-07-01
Recent societal events highlight inequities experienced by underrepresented and marginalized communities. These inequities are the impetus for ongoing efforts in academic medicine to create inclusive educational and patient care environments for diverse stakeholders. Frequently, approaches focus on singular populations or broad macroscopic concepts and do not always elucidate the complexities that arise at the intersection between multiple identities and life experiences. Intersectionality acknowledges multidimensional aspects of identity inclusive of historical, structural, and cultural factors. Understanding how multiple identity experiences impact different individuals, from patients to trainees to providers, is critical for improving health care education and delivery. Building on existing work within academic medicine, this Commentary outlines six key recommendations to advance intersectionality in academic medicine: embrace personal and collective loci of responsibility; examine and rectify unbalanced power dynamics; celebrate visibility and intersectional innovation; engage all stakeholders in the process of change; select and analyze meaningful metrics; and sustain the commitment to achieving health equity over time. Members of the academic medical community committed to advancing health equity can use these recommendations to promote and maintain meaningful changes that recognize and respond to the multidimensional voices and expressed needs of all individuals engaged in providing and receiving health care. PMID:27166867
Improving the Performance of Urban Road Intersection.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dr. Fareed M.A.Karim
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Road intersection is responsible for an important proportion of air pollution especially in urban areas, due to long queues of vehicles waiting for discharge. Therefore, it is necessary to quantify their emissions as accurately as possible. In this study an attempt was made to research on reducing the traffic air pollution such as CO, CO2, HC and NOx, fuel consumption and vehicle operating cost along with improving the traffic flow and delay at a road intersection. One major uncontrolled (un signalized intersection in capital city Sana'a (Yemen was chosen for the study. The traffic air pollution, fuel consumption and vehicle operating cost as well as vehicle delay was calculated for the base year 2012 using aaSIDRA 2.0 software developed in Australia. For the horizon year 2022, three scenarios were considered for investigation viz. (1 do nothing, (2 signalizing the intersection and (3 construction of flyover. The analysis shows that for the above mentioned parameters scenario (3 will be the best scenario followed by scenario (2, while worst case scenario will be do nothing.
Intersection numbers with Witten's top Chern class
S. Shadrin; D. Zvonkine
2008-01-01
Witten’s top Chern class is a particular cohomology class on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces endowed with r-spin structures. It plays a key role in Witten’s conjecture relating to the intersection theory on these moduli spaces. Our first goal is to compute the integral of Witten’s class over th
The flow instabilities within an urban intersection
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kellnerová, Radka; Jaňour, Zbyněk
2008-01-01
Roč. 43, č. 1 (2008), s. 675-679. ISSN 1330-0083. [International Conference on Harmonization within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes /12./. Zagreb, 06.10.2008-10.10.2008] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20760514 Keywords : street canyon * urban intersection * skewness * quadrant analysis Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology
Compelling Diversities, Educational Intersections: Policy, Practice, Parity
Taylor, Yvette
2013-01-01
The ninth international Gender and Education Association Conference "Compelling Diversities, Educational Intersections" hosted by the Weeks Centre for Social and Policy Research, London South Bank University engages with key debates surrounding the interplay between dynamics of education, work, employment and society in the context of…
Vacuum chamber at intersection I-6
1971-01-01
The vacuum chamber at intersection region I-6, one of these where experiments in colliding-beam physics will be taking place. The "wheels" prevent the thin wall (1.5 mm) of the chamber from collapsing. The chamber is equipped with heating tapes and its wrapped in thermal insulation. Residual gas pressure at this and other similar regions is around 10_11.
Wood, Jonathan; Donnell, Eric T
2016-08-01
The continuous green T intersection is characterized by a channelized left-turn movement from the minor street approach onto the major street, along with a continuous through movement on the major street. The continuous flow through movement is not controlled by the three-phase traffic signal that is used to separate all other movements at the intersection. Rather, the continuous through movement typically has a green through arrow indicator to inform drivers that they do not have to stop. Past research has consistently shown that there are operational and environmental benefits to implementing this intersection form at three-leg locations, when compared to a conventional signalized intersection. These benefits include reduced delay, fuel consumption, and emissions. The safety effects of the conventional green T intersection are less clear. Past research has been limited to small sample sizes, or utilized only statistical comparisons reported crashes to evaluate the safety performance relative to similar intersection types. The present study overcomes past safety research evaluations by using a propensity scores-potential outcomes framework, with genetic matching, to compare the safety performance of the continuous green T to conventional signalized intersections, using treatment and comparison site data from Florida and South Carolina. The results show that the expected total, fatal and injury, and target crash (rear-end, angle, and sideswipe) frequencies are lower at the continuous green T intersection relative to the conventional signalized intersection (CMFs of 0.958 [95% CI=0.772-1.189], 0.846 [95% CI=0.651-1.099], and 0.920 [95% CI=0.714-1.185], respectively). PMID:27129112
Extended MRI findings of intersection syndrome
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, Roger P.; Hatem, Stephen F.; Recht, Michael P. [Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States)
2009-02-15
The symptoms and physical findings of intersection syndrome have been well described in the clinical medical literature. However, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with intersection syndrome of the forearm have only recently been described in a small number of patients. We review our experience with imaging of intersection syndrome, describe previously unreported MRI findings, and emphasize modifications to MRI protocols for its evaluation. Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective review of patients with MRI findings consistent with intersection syndrome of the forearm during the period from January 2004 to September 2006. Six patients were identified, three males and three females, with an average age of 39.3 years. The MRI examinations were reviewed to assess signal abnormalities within and adjacent to the first and second dorsal extensor tendon compartments (DETC): tendinosis, peritendinous edema or fluid, muscle edema, subcutaneous edema, and juxtacortical edema. The overall longitudinal extent of signal alterations was measured as well as the distance from Lister's tubercle to the crossover of the first and second DETC. Review of the MRIs showed increased intrasubstance tendon signal suggesting tendinosis in two of the six patients, peritendinous edema or fluid in all six patients, muscle edema in five of the six patients, and subcutaneous edema in three of the six patients. Juxtacortical edema was seen in one patient. Peritendinous edema or fluid extended distally beyond the radiocarpal joint in three of the six patients. The average distance from Lister's tubercle to the crossover of the first and second DETC was 3.95 cm, in keeping with recently published data. Intersection syndrome is an uncommon MRI diagnosis. In addition to the previously described MRI findings of edema adjacent to the first or second DETC, possibly with proximal extension and subcutaneous edema, we have identified
Simulation of Intersection Rivet at Non-signalized Intersection in Housing Scheme
Nazmi, Mohd; Takaba, Sadao; Ohno, Sumio; Yusoff, Mohd Nazaruddin
Accident in the residential area are become serious case in Malaysia. Most of the incidents occur among pedestrians, bicycles, motorcycles and vehicles. Our research purpose is to avoid collision at the non-signalized intersection in the housing scheme. We committed to reduce injuries and increase pedestrians' safety. Our research provides important information that can help driver predict common problems and take steps to prevent collisions. Intersection rivet is proposed for this matter. This type of signal system can prevent any accident in a dangerous non-signalized intersection. Simulation tools and systems are developed to find and solve the problem in order to decrease any fatal incident. Investigation data were used to simulate the situation more precisely. The result will be effective as reference to set the parameter of control system of the intersection rivet.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Channeling of water flow and tracer transport in real fractures in a granite body at Stripa have been investigated experimentally. The experimental site was located 360 m below the ground level. Two kinds of experiments were performed. In the single hole experiments, 20 cm diameter holes were drilled about 2.5 m into the rock in the plane of the fracture. Specially designed packers were used to inject water into the fracture in 5 cm intervals all along the fracture trace in the hole. The variation of the injection flowrates along the fracture were used to determine the transmissivity variations in the fracture plane. Detailed photographs were taken from inside the hole and the visual fracture aperture was compared with the injection flowrates in the same locations. Geostatistical methods were used to evaluate the results. Five holes were measured in great detail. In addition 7 holes were drilled and scanned by simpler packer systems. A double hole experiment was performed where two parallel holes were drilled in the same fracture plane at nearly 2 m distance. Pressure pulse tests were made between the holes in both directions. Tracers were injected in 5 locations in one hole and monitored for in many locations in the other hole. The single hole experiment and the double hole experiment show that most of the fracture planes are tight but that there are open sections which form connected channels over distances of at least 2 meters. It was also found in the double hole experiment that the investigated fracture was intersected by at least one fracture between the two holes which diverted a large amount of the injected tracers to several distant locations at the tunnel wall. (authours)
The role of extended conical intersection seams in photochromic systems
Boggio-Pasqua, Martial; Bearpark, Michael J.; Robb, Michael A.
2015-01-01
We describe the role of conical intersections in the mechanism of photochromic molecular systems. In particular, the extended nature of the crossing seam associated with a conical intersection is highlighted and its significance on dihydroazulenes and diarylethenes photochromism is explained.
Loop-Erased Walks Intersect Infinitely Often in Four Dimensions
Lawler, Gregory
1998-01-01
In this short note we show that the paths two independent loop-erased random walks in four dimensions intersect infinitely often. We actually prove the stronger result that the cut-points of the two walks intersect infinitely often.
Intersection Control for Autonomous Cars through a Reservation Scheme
Karlsson, Henrik; Josefsson, André
2016-01-01
Intersection control is a difficult but important part in the design of a road network. Today, a lot of time is wasted at intersections due to the large margins used. With the introduction of autonomous vehicles, smaller margins may be possible, opening for new intersection control methods. This study proposes a new efficient intersection control system for populations entirely consisting of autonomous vehicles. The control system works by keeping an space-time booking scheme and relies on ha...
Statistical modeling of total crash frequency at highway intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arash M. Roshandeh
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Intersection-related crashes are associated with high proportion of accidents involving drivers, occupants, pedestrians, and cyclists. In general, the purpose of intersection safety analysis is to determine the impact of safety-related variables on pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles, so as to facilitate the design of effective and efficient countermeasure strategies to improve safety at intersections. This study investigates the effects of traffic, environmental, intersection geometric and pavement-related characteristics on total crash frequencies at intersections. A random-parameter Poisson model was used with crash data from 357 signalized intersections in Chicago from 2004 to 2010. The results indicate that out of the identified factors, evening peak period traffic volume, pavement condition, and unlighted intersections have the greatest effects on crash frequencies. Overall, the results seek to suggest that, in order to improve effective highway-related safety countermeasures at intersections, significant attention must be focused on ensuring that pavements are adequately maintained and intersections should be well lighted. It needs to be mentioned that, projects could be implemented at and around the study intersections during the study period (7 years, which could affect the crash frequency over the time. This is an important variable which could be a part of the future studies to investigate the impacts of safety-related works at intersections and their marginal effects on crash frequency at signalized intersections.
Driving Simulator study for intelligent cooperative intersection safety system (IRIS)
Vreeswijk, J.; Schendzielorz, T.; Mathias, P.; Feenstra, P.
2008-01-01
About forty percent of all accidents occur at intersections. The Intelligent Cooperative Intersection Safety system (IRIS), as part of the European research project SAFESPOT, is a roadside application and aims at minimizing the number of accidents at controlled and uncontrolled intersections. IRIS u
Belonging and Unbelonging from an Intersectional Perspective
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Ann-Dorte
2009-01-01
The article is primarily theoretical and conceptual. It focuses on the notion of belonging from an intersectional perspective. The purpose is to discuss different dimensions of the concept of ‘belonging' and its rooting at different analytical levels. The first part of the article outlines the...... lives and local communities. The three levels are explained and illustrated with empirical examples from a Nordic context, all based on the perspective of intersectionality between gender, class, race, and ethnicity. Finally, the article discusses some challenges for further research on belonging, for...... theoretical framework. The point of departure is multilayered citizenship and different notions of belonging. Second, the notion of belonging is divided into three analytical levels: (a) the macro level: imagined communities; (b) the meso level: collective organizations; and (c) the micro level: everyday...
Remarks on Lagrangian intersections in toric manifolds
Abreu, Miguel
2011-01-01
We consider two natural Lagrangian intersection problems in the context of symplectic toric manifolds: displaceability of torus orbits and of a torus orbit with the real part of the toric manifold. Our remarks address the fact that one can use simple cartesian product and symplectic reduction considerations to go from basic examples to much more sophisticated ones. We show in particular how rigidity results for the above Lagrangian intersection problems in weighted projective spaces can be combined with these considerations to prove analogous results for all monotone toric symplectic manifolds. We also discuss non-monotone and/or non-Fano examples, including some with a continuum of non-displaceable torus orbits.
Harris, M Anne; Reynolds, Conor C O; Winters, Meghan; Cripton, Peter A.; Shen, Hui; Chipman, Mary L.; Cusimano, Michael D; Babul, Shelina; Brubacher, Jeffrey R.; Friedman, Steven M.; Hunte, Garth; Monro, Melody; Vernich, Lee; Teschke, Kay
2013-01-01
Background This study examined the impact of transportation infrastructure at intersection and non-intersection locations on bicycling injury risk. Methods In Vancouver and Toronto, we studied adult cyclists who were injured and treated at a hospital emergency department. A case–crossover design compared the infrastructure of injury and control sites within each injured bicyclist's route. Intersection injury sites (N=210) were compared to randomly selected intersection control sites (N=272). ...
Handling of Human-Geosphere Intersections
Martin Bohle
2016-01-01
This essay introduces the notion of “human-geosphere intersections”, describes “engineering” as an aspect of anthropogenic global change, and reflects on particular “paradigms” that may govern human-geosphere intersections. Seen conceptually, engineering is undertaken to meet needs and preferences of people within a composite framework of technological means, scientific insights, worldviews, and value system. Nowadays, the engineering of production systems, of consumption patterns, and of rel...
Homotopy type of smooth weighted complete intersections
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
If the total degree d has no prime divisors less than(n+3)/2,then we prove that the homotopy type of complex odd dimensional smooth weighted complete intersection Xn(d;w) is determined by the dimension n,the total degree d,the Euler characteristic and the Kervaire invariant,provided that the weights w =(ω0,...,ωn+r) is pairwise relatively prime.
Surface self-intersections and instantons
Karanikas, A. I.; Ktorides, C. N.
1990-01-01
In the framework of a compact description of a non-abelian gauge theory in R4 we transcribe the extrinsic geometrical feature of surface self-intersection into a kinetic and an instanton term in the local action. We speculate on a possible correspondence with an effective theory which describes a string with extrinsic kinetic and topological terms. Permanent address: Nuclear and Particle Physics Division, Department of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, GR-157 71, Zographos, Athens, Greece.
Gender Equality, Intersectionality and Diversity in Europe
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Agustin, Lise Rolandsen
Analyzing the developments which have characterized EU gender equality policies and women's transnational activism since the introduction of multiple discrimination policies in the 1990s, this book identifies two interrelated challenges: diversity of women's interests, and degendering of policies....... Drawing on discursive policy analysis, it addresses the interaction between policies, institutions and civil society actors in relation to gender equality, diversity and intersectionality at the European level. Rolandsen Agustín successfully integrates the concepts of diversity and gender equality into a...
Symplectic Cohomology and q-Intersection Numbers
Seidel, Paul; Solomon, Jake P.
2012-01-01
Given a symplectic cohomology class of degree 1, we define the notion of an equivariant Lagrangian submanifold. The Floer cohomology of equivariant Lagrangian submanifolds has a natural endomorphism, which induces a grading by generalized eigenspaces. Taking Euler characteristics with respect to the induced grading yields a deformation of the intersection number. Dehn twists act naturally on equivariant Lagrangians. Cotangent bundles and Lefschetz fibrations give fully computable examples. A ...
Modelling Stop Intersection Approaches using Gaussian Processes
Armand, Alexandre; Filliat, David; Ibanez-Guzman, Javier
2013-01-01
International audience Each driver reacts differently to the same traffic conditions, however, most Advanced Driving Assistant Systems (ADAS) assume that all drivers are the same. This paper proposes a method to learn and to model the velocity profile that the driver follows as the vehicle decelerates towards a stop intersection. Gaussian Processes (GP), a machine learning method for non-linear regressions are used to model the velocity profiles. It is shown that GP are well adapted for su...
Filtrations of free groups as intersections
Efrat, Ido
2013-01-01
For several natural filtrations of a free group S we express the n-th term of the filtration as the intersection of all kernels of homomorphisms from S to certain groups of upper-triangular unipotent matrices. This generalizes a classical result of Grun for the lower central filtration. In particular, we do this for the n-th term in the lower p-central filtration of S.
Flow instabilities within an urban intersection
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kellnerová, Radka; Jaňour, Zbyněk
2011-01-01
Roč. 47, 1-4 (2011), s. 268-277. ISSN 0957-4352 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20760514 Keywords : wind-tunnel * street canyon * flow instability * urban intersection * environmental pollution * quadrant analysis Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology Impact factor: 0.361, year: 2011 http://inderscience.metapress.com/content/e301241p70566w5w/
Intersection schemas as a dataspace integration technique
Brownlow, Richard; Poulovassilis, Alex
2014-01-01
This paper introduces the concept of Intersection Schemas in the field of heterogeneous data integration and dataspaces. We introduce a technique for incrementally integrating heterogeneous data sources by specifying semantic overlaps between sets of extensional schemas using bidirectional schema transformations, and automatically combining them into a global schema at each iteration of the integration process. We propose an incremental data integration methodology that uses this technique an...
Maximum Cliques in Graphs with Small Intersection Number and Random Intersection Graphs
Nikoletseas, S; Spirakis, P G
2012-01-01
In this paper, we relate the problem of finding a maximum clique to the intersection number of the input graph (i.e. the minimum number of cliques needed to edge cover the graph). In particular, we consider the maximum clique problem for graphs with small intersection number and random intersection graphs (a model in which each one of $m$ labels is chosen independently with probability $p$ by each one of $n$ vertices, and there are edges between any vertices with overlaps in the labels chosen). We first present a simple algorithm which, on input $G$ finds a maximum clique in $O(2^{2^m + O(m)} + n^2 \\min\\{2^m, n\\})$ time steps, where $m$ is an upper bound on the intersection number and $n$ is the number of vertices. Consequently, when $m \\leq \\ln{\\ln{n}}$ the running time of this algorithm is polynomial. We then consider random instances of the random intersection graphs model as input graphs. As our main contribution, we prove that, when the number of labels is not too large ($m=n^{\\alpha}, 0< \\alpha <1...
Determination of Traffic Delay at Selected Intersection within Ilorin Metropolis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
OladelePopoola
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Vehicle delay is one of the serious impacts of highway work zones on existing traffic operations. It is used to determine the overall level of service as well as the capacity of intersections. This work evaluated the overall delays at three various intersections in Ilorin metropolis which are tipper garage intersection, Oja Oba intersection and Judiciary-Offa road intersection. The three intersections were considered because of the commercial activities they serve such as linking up routes to important regions like the University, the post office, Government house and so on. Delay studies at each leg of intersection were carried out, the average delay was found out for each intersection and the corresponding level of service. Based on the results, the relocation of taxi/ bus terminals are proposed, on-street parking is discouraged, street hawking is discouraged at the intersections, potholes at the intersection approach should be mended, unpaved road should be overlayed with asphalt and the use of traffic signals should be encouraged so as to increase the present level of service and reduce traffic delay.
Minimal free resolutions over complete intersections
Eisenbud, David
2016-01-01
This book introduces a theory of higher matrix factorizations for regular sequences and uses it to describe the minimal free resolutions of high syzygy modules over complete intersections. Such resolutions have attracted attention ever since the elegant construction of the minimal free resolution of the residue field by Tate in 1957. The theory extends the theory of matrix factorizations of a non-zero divisor, initiated by Eisenbud in 1980, which yields a description of the eventual structure of minimal free resolutions over a hypersurface ring. Matrix factorizations have had many other uses in a wide range of mathematical fields, from singularity theory to mathematical physics.
Open intersection numbers and free fields
Alexandrov, Alexander
2016-01-01
A complete set of the Virasoro and W-constraints for the Kontsevich-Penner model, which conjecturally describes intersections on moduli spaces of open curves, was derived in our previous work. Here we show that these constraints can be described in terms of free bosonic fields with twisted boundary conditions, which gives a modification of the well-known construction of the $W^{(3)}$ algebra in conformal field theory. This description is natural from the point of view of the spectral curve description, and should serve as a new important ingredient of the topological recursion/Givental decomposition.
Bicone vacuum chamber for ISR intersection
1975-01-01
This is one of the bicone chambers made of titanium for experiment R 702. The central corrugated part had a very thin titanium wall (0.28 mm). The first of these chambers collapsed in its central part when baked at 300 C (August 1975). After an intensive effort to develop better quality and reproducible welds for this special material, the ISR workshop was able to build two new chambers of this type. One of them was installed at I 7 for R 702 in 1976 and worked perfectly. It was at that time the most "transparent" intersection vacuum chamber. See also 7609219, 7609221.
An Optimal Online Algorithm for Halfplane Intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Jigang; JI Yongchang; CHEN Guoliang
2000-01-01
The intersection of N halfplanes is a basic problem in computational geometry and computer graphics. The optimal offiine algorithm for this problem runs in time O(N log N). In this paper, an optimal online algorithm which runs also in time O(N log N) for this problem is presented. The main idea of the algorithm is to give a new definition for the left side of a given line, to assign the order for the points of a convex polygon, and then to use binary search method in an ordered vertex set. The data structure used in the algorithm is no more complex than array.
Matrix Description of Intersecting M5 Branes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Novel 3+1 dimensional N = 2 superconformal field theories (with tensionless BPS string solitons) are believed to arise when two sets of M5 branes intersect over a 3+1 dimensional hyperplane. We derive a DLCQ description of these theories as supersymmetric quantum mechanics on the Higgs branch of suitable 4d N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories. Our formulation allows us to determine the scaling dimensions of certain chiral primary operators in the conformal field theories. We also discuss general criteria for quantum mechanical DLCQ descriptions of supersymmetric field theories (and the resulting multiplicities and scaling dimensions of chiral primary operators)
Reactive chemical dynamics through conical intersections
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S Ghosal; B Jayachander Rao; S Mahapatra
2007-09-01
Reaction dynamics of prototypical, D + H2 and Cl (2P) + H2, chemical reactions occurring through the conical intersections of the respective coupled multi-sheeted potential energy surfaces is examined here. In addition to the electronic coupling, nonadiabatic effects due to relativistic spin-orbit coupling are also considered for the latter reaction. A time-dependent wave packet propagation approach is undertaken and the quantum dynamical observables viz., energy resolved reaction probabilities, integral reaction cross-sections and thermal rate constants are reported.
Contested Gender in Translation: Intersectionality and Metramorphics
Flotow, Luise von
2011-01-01
Intersectionality and metramorphics, concepts that are being used in sociology and psychoanalysis respectively, with regard to questions about gender, have not yet had much exposure in translation studies. This is an examination of how they might prove applicable. « Intersectionnalité » et « metramorphics », deux concepts qui nous viennent de la sociologie et la psychanalyse, sont des concepts qui s’appliquent aux questions de « genre ». Ils ne sont pas encore entrés dans le domaine de la ...
Symplectic cohomology and q-intersection numbers
Seidel, Paul
2010-01-01
Given a symplectic cohomology class of degree 1, we define the notion of an equivariant Lagrangian submanifold. The Floer cohomology of equivariant Lagrangian submanifolds has a natural endomorphism, which induces a grading by generalized eigenspaces. Taking Euler characteristics with respect to the induced grading yields a deformation of the intersection number. Dehn twists act naturally on equivariant Lagrangians. Cotangent bundles and Lefschetz fibrations give fully computable examples. A key step in computations is to impose the "dilation" condition stipulating that the BV operator applied to the symplectic cohomology class gives the identity. Equivariant Lagrangians mirror equivariant objects of the derived category of coherent sheaves.
A. Jaunait; S. Chauvin
2012-01-01
Forged in the United States in the 1980s, the notion of intersectionality sought to provide an umbrella term for the strategic and identity dilemmas faced by categories of persons suffering from combined forms of domination. This article retraces the comparative genealogy of the notion in the United
Abbas, Taimoor; Nuckelt, Jörg; Kürner, Thomas; Zemen, Thomas; Mecklenbräuker, Christoph; Tufvesson, Fredrik
2014-01-01
In this paper, a deterministic channel model for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication, is compared against channel measurement data collected during a V2V channel measurement campaign using a channel sounder. Channel metrics such as channel gain, delay and Doppler spreads, eigenvalue decomposition and antenna correlations are derived from the ray tracing (RT) simulations as well as from the measurement data obtained from two different measurements in an urban four-way intersection scenario....
Intersecting Solitons, Amoeba and Tropical Geometry
Fujimori, Toshiaki; Ohta, Kazutoshi; Sakai, Norisuke; Yamazaki, Masahito
2008-01-01
We study generic intersection (or web) of vortices with instantons inside, which is a 1/4 BPS state in the Higgs phase of five-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric U(Nc) gauge theory on R_t \\times (C^\\ast)^2 \\simeq R^{2,1} \\times T^2 with Nf=Nc Higgs scalars in the fundamental representation. In the case of the Abelian-Higgs model (Nf=Nc=1), the intersecting vortex sheets can be beautifully understood in a mathematical framework of amoeba and tropical geometry, and we propose a dictionary relating solitons and gauge theory to amoeba and tropical geometry. A projective shape of vortex sheets is described by the amoeba. Vortex charge density is uniformly distributed among vortex sheets, and negative contribution to instanton charge density is understood as the complex Monge-Ampere measure with respect to a plurisubharmonic function on (C^\\ast)^2. The Wilson loops in T^2 are related with derivatives of the Ronkin function. The general form of the Kahler potential and the asymptotic metric of the moduli space of a vort...
Study on Optimization of Phase Offset at Adjacent Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuanli GU
2010-11-01
Full Text Available Optimization of the phase offset at adjacent intersections is the key parameter regarding coordinated control of traffic signal for adjacent intersections, which decides the effect of the coordinated control for adjacent intersections. According to characters of saturated traffic flow of Chinese urban road, this thesis establishes a model for optimization of phase offset for adjacent interactions and finds a solution from such model by adopting genetic algorithm. The model is verified by actual traffic flow datum of two adjacent signal intersections on Changan Avenue. Then a comparison is made between the optimization result of such model and that of the existing mathematical method and SYNCHRO model, which indicates that the model established by this thesis can reduce the delay suffered by vehicles at the intersections and increase the traffic efficiency of the intersections.
Surface/Surface Intersection Using Simulated Annealing Genetic Algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
The genetic algorithm and marching method are integrated into a novel algorithm to solve the surface intersection problem. By combining genetic algorithm with local searching method the efficiency of evolution is greatly improved. By fully utilizing the global searching ability and instinct attribute for parallel computation of genetic algorithm and the local rapid convergency of marching method, the algorithm can compute the intersection robustly and generate correct topology of intersection curves. The details of the new algorithm are discussed here.
Simulation of signalized intersection functioning with fuzzy control algorithm
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zinoviy STOTSKO
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In the course of research the fuzzy algorithm for traffic control at signalized intersection has been developed. Based on the results of simulating of intersection functioning during an hour and a day it has been established that using of developed fuzzy algorithm enables to reduce average and maximal queue lengths of vehicles before the intersection owing to adaptation of control system parameters to traffic flow volumes.
Landscaping of highway medians and roadway safety at unsignalized intersections.
Chen, Hongyun; Fabregas, Aldo; Lin, Pei-Sung
2016-05-01
Well-planted and maintained landscaping can help reduce driving stress, provide better visual quality, and decrease over speeding, thus improving roadway safety. Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) Standard Index (SI-546) is one of the more demanding standards in the U.S. for landscaping design criteria at highway medians near intersections. The purposes of this study were to (1) empirically evaluate the safety results of SI-546 at unsignalized intersections and (2) quantify the impacts of geometrics, traffic, and landscaping design features on total crashes and injury plus fatal crashes. The studied unsignalized intersections were divided into (1) those without median trees near intersections, (2) those with median trees near intersections that were compliant with SI-546, and (3) those with median trees near intersections that were non-compliant with SI-546. A total of 72 intersections were selected, for which five-year crash data from 2006-2010 were collected. The sites that were compliant with SI-546 showed the best safety performance in terms of the lowest crash counts and crash rates. Four crash predictive models-two for total crashes and two for injury crashes-were developed. The results indicated that improperly planted and maintained median trees near highway intersections can increase the total number of crashes and injury plus fatal crashes at a 90% confidence level; no significant difference could be found in crash rates between sites that were compliant with SI-546 and sites without trees. All other conditions remaining the same, an intersection with trees that was not compliant with SI-546 had 63% more crashes and almost doubled injury plus fatal crashes than those at intersections without trees. The study indicates that appropriate landscaping in highway medians near intersections can be an engineering technology that not only improves roadway environmental quality but also maintains intersection safety. PMID:26922287
Inequalities for Dual Quermassintegrals of Mixed Intersection Bodies
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Zhao Chang-jian; Leng Gang-song
2005-02-01
In this paper, we first introduce a new concept of dual quermassintegral sum function of two star bodies and establish Minkowski’s type inequality for dual quermassintegral sum of mixed intersection bodies, which is a general form of the Minkowski inequality for mixed intersection bodies. Then, we give the Aleksandrov–Fenchel inequality and the Brunn–Minkowski inequality for mixed intersection bodies and some related results. Our results present, for intersection bodies, all dual inequalities for Lutwak’s mixed prosection bodies inequalities.
Molecular dynamics simulation of dislocation intersections in aluminum
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li, M.; Chu, W.Y.; Qian, C.F.; Gao, K.W.; Qiao, L.J
2003-12-20
The molecular dynamics method is used to simulate dislocation intersection in aluminum containing 1.6x10{sup 6} atoms using embedded atom method (EAM) potential. The results show that after intersection between two right-hand screw dislocations of opposite sign there are an extended jog corresponding to a row of 1/3 vacancies in the intersected dislocation, and a trail of vacancies behind the moving dislocation. After intersection between screw dislocations of same sign, there are an extended jog corresponding to a row of 1/3 interstitials in the intersected dislocation, and a trail of interstitials behind the moving dislocation. After intersection between screw and edge dislocations with different Burgers vector, there are a constriction corresponding to one 1/3 vacancy in the edge dislocation, and no point-defects behind the screw dislocation. When a moving screw dislocation intersects an edge dislocation with the same Burgers vector, the point of intersection will split into two constrictions corresponding to one 1/3 vacancy and 1/3 interstitial, respectively. The moving screw dislocation can pass the edge dislocation only after the two constrictions, which can move along the line of intersection of the two slip planes, meet and annihilate.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Agustin, Lise Rolandsen; Lombardo, Emanuela
increasingly present but they are treated implicitly and from a separate perspective, and the inclusion of a wide range of inequalities often implies a degendering of the policy content. We assess the implications of the identified intersectionality trends for the quality of intersectionality in gender......This paper explores the extent to which the emergence of an anti-discrimination policy in the European Union (EU) implies a shift in EU gender equality policies towards an intersectional approach. The frame analysis of EU gender equality policy documents shows that intersectional dimensions are...
Stress analysis of cylinder to cylinder intersections
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cylinder to cylinder intersections have numerous applications in the power industry from different piping junctions to pressure vessel nozzles. A specific purpose computer program has been installed at the author's establishment for finite element analysis of such geometries. Some of the experiences are presented giving a short overview of the analysis of unreinforced man-holes, demonstrating how a more economical design has been verified by analysis. The program installed has linear-elastic and elasto-plastic capabilities. Further, it is prepared for heat transfer analysis with subsequent thermal stress computation. An efficient pre- and post-processor has also been installed and enhanced by the author. The software used is at its present stage capable for problem definition with input data such as outside/ inside diameters, length and number of subdivisions. Similarly simple is the load definition and the graphic representation of the full output. (author)
The Intersection of Gender and Age: An Exploration
Gander, Michelle
2014-01-01
The understanding of gender inequality for women entering work has not been subject to significant research or theorizing. This small study indicated that young women entering the workplace are subject to direct discrimination and by using an intersectionality approach this paper proposes that the intersection of gender and young age results in…
Domestic Violence among the Black Poor: Intersectionality and Social Justice
Conwill, William Louis
2010-01-01
There are striking gender, race, and class variations in rates of domestic violence. Some leading family theorists called for an intersectional analysis of how gender, race and class systems interact to improve domestic violence theory. This article improves domestic violence theory by: 1) using the discourse, or language, of intersectionality; 2)…
A remark on the intersections of subanalytic leaves
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maciej P. Denkowski
2016-01-01
Full Text Available We discuss a new sufficient condition - weaker than the usual transversality condition - for the intersection of two subanalytic leaves to be smooth. It involves the tangent cone of the intersection and, as typically non-transversal, it is of interest in analytic geometry or dynamical systems. We also prove an identity principle for real analytic manifolds and subanalytic functions.
The Structure Theorem for Complete Intersections of Grade 4
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Oh-Jin Kang; Hyoung J. Ko
2005-01-01
Serre showed that a Gorenstein ideal of grade 2 is a complete intersection, and Buchsbaum and Eisenbud proved a structure theorem for Gorenstein ideals of grade 3. It is found that a certain complete matrix defines a perfect ideal K3(f).As an application,we present a structure theorem for complete intersections of grade 4.
The Ideal Intersection Property for Groupoid Graded Rings
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Öinert, Per Johan; Lundström, Patrik
2012-01-01
We show that, if a groupoid graded ring has a grading satisfying a certain nondegeneracy property, then the commutant of the center of the principal component of the ring has the ideal intersection property, that is it intersects nontrivially every nonzero ideal of the ring. Furthermore, we show ...... that for skew groupoid algebras with commutative principal component, the principal component is maximal commutative if and only if it has the ideal intersection property.......We show that, if a groupoid graded ring has a grading satisfying a certain nondegeneracy property, then the commutant of the center of the principal component of the ring has the ideal intersection property, that is it intersects nontrivially every nonzero ideal of the ring. Furthermore, we show...
Supersymmetric fluxbrane intersections and closed string tachyons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider NS-NS superstring model with several 'magnetic' parameters bs (s=1, ...,N) associated with twists mixing a compact S1 direction with angles in N spatial 2-planes of flat 10-dimensional space. It generalizes the Kaluza-Klein Melvin model which has single parameter b. The corresponding U-dual background is a R-R type-IIA solution describing an orthogonal intersection of N flux 7-branes. Like the Melvin model, the NS-NS string model with N continuous parameters is explicitly solvable; we present its perturbative spectrum and torus partition function explicitly for the N=2 case. For generic bs (above some critical values) there are tachyons in the S1 winding sector. A remarkable feature of this model is that while in the Melvin N=1 case all supersymmetry is broken, a fraction of it may be preserved for N >1 by making a special choice of the parameters bs. Such solvable NS-NS models may be viewed as continuous-parameter analogs of non-compact orbifold models. They and their U-dual R-R fluxbrane counterparts may have some 'phenomenological' applications. In particular, in N=3 case one finds a special 1/4 supersymmetric R-R 3-brane background. Putting Dp-branes in flat twisted NS-NS backgrounds leads to world-volume gauge theories with reduced amount of supersymmetry. We also discuss possible ways of evolution of unstable backgrounds towards stable ones. (author)
Narrating the Intersectionalities of Gender Violence: Editorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Floretta Boonzaier
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The telling, sharing and, most critically, the hearing of stories related to gender violence has been a critical part of the project of feminism as well as the refuge movement (Dobash and Dobash 1979, Kelly 1988. This an introduction to a set of papers that represent highlights from the conference entitled “International Congress on Gender Violence: Intersectionalities” in terms of how the intersections of gender violence have been narrated. Contar, compartir, y, más críticamente, escuchar historias relacionadas con la violencia de género ha sido una parte fundamental del proyecto del feminismo, así como del movimiento de refugio (Dobash y Dobash 1979, Kelly 1988. Esta es una introducción a una serie de artículos representativos del Congreso Internacional sobre Violencia de Género: Intersecciones, que abordan cómo se han relatado las intersecciones de la violencia de género. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2710203
Analyzing angle crashes at unsignalized intersections using machine learning techniques.
Abdel-Aty, Mohamed; Haleem, Kirolos
2011-01-01
A recently developed machine learning technique, multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS), is introduced in this study to predict vehicles' angle crashes. MARS has a promising prediction power, and does not suffer from interpretation complexity. Negative Binomial (NB) and MARS models were fitted and compared using extensive data collected on unsignalized intersections in Florida. Two models were estimated for angle crash frequency at 3- and 4-legged unsignalized intersections. Treating crash frequency as a continuous response variable for fitting a MARS model was also examined by considering the natural logarithm of the crash frequency. Finally, combining MARS with another machine learning technique (random forest) was explored and discussed. The fitted NB angle crash models showed several significant factors that contribute to angle crash occurrence at unsignalized intersections such as, traffic volume on the major road, the upstream distance to the nearest signalized intersection, the distance between successive unsignalized intersections, median type on the major approach, percentage of trucks on the major approach, size of the intersection and the geographic location within the state. Based on the mean square prediction error (MSPE) assessment criterion, MARS outperformed the corresponding NB models. Also, using MARS for predicting continuous response variables yielded more favorable results than predicting discrete response variables. The generated MARS models showed the most promising results after screening the covariates using random forest. Based on the results of this study, MARS is recommended as an efficient technique for predicting crashes at unsignalized intersections (angle crashes in this study). PMID:21094345
Intersecting hypersurfaces in anti-de Sitter and Lovelock gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Colliding and intersecting hypersurfaces filled with matter (membranes) are studied in the Lovelock higher order curvature theory of gravity. Lovelock terms couple hypersurfaces of different dimensionalities, extending the range of possible intersection configurations. We restrict the study to constant curvature membranes in constant curvature anti-de Sitter (AdS) and dS background and consider their general intersections. This illustrates some key features which make the theory different from the Einstein gravity. Higher co-dimension membranes may lie at the intersection of co-dimension one hypersurfaces in Lovelock gravity; the hypersurfaces are located at the discontinuities of the first derivative of the metric, and they need not carry matter. The example of colliding membranes shows that general solutions can only be supported by (spacelike) matter at the collision surface, thus naturally conflicting with the dominant energy condition (DEC). The imposition of the DEC gives selection rules on the types of collision allowed. When the hypersurfaces do not carry matter, one gets a solitonlike configuration. Then, at the intersection one has a co-dimension two or higher membrane standing alone in AdS-vacuum space-time without conical singularities. Another result is that if the number of intersecting hypersurfaces goes to infinity the limiting space-time is free of curvature singularities if the intersection is put at the boundary of each AdS bulk
Tracer Flux Balance at an Urban Canyon Intersection
Carpentieri, Matteo; Robins, Alan G.
2010-05-01
Despite their importance for pollutant dispersion in urban areas, the special features of dispersion at street intersections are rarely taken into account by operational air quality models. Several previous studies have demonstrated the complex flow patterns that occur at street intersections, even with simple geometry. This study presents results from wind-tunnel experiments on a reduced scale model of a complex but realistic urban intersection, located in central London. Tracer concentration measurements were used to derive three-dimensional maps of the concentration field within the intersection. In combination with a previous study (Carpentieri et al., Boundary-Layer Meteorol 133:277-296, 2009) where the velocity field was measured in the same model, a methodology for the calculation of the mean tracer flux balance at the intersection was developed and applied. The calculation highlighted several limitations of current state-of-the-art canyon dispersion models, arising mainly from the complex geometry of the intersection. Despite its limitations, the proposed methodology could be further developed in order to derive, assess and implement street intersection dispersion models for complex urban areas.
An efficient quantum scheme for Private Set Intersection
Shi, Run-hua; Mu, Yi; Zhong, Hong; Cui, Jie; Zhang, Shun
2016-01-01
Private Set Intersection allows a client to privately compute set intersection with the collaboration of the server, which is one of the most fundamental and key problems within the multiparty collaborative computation of protecting the privacy of the parties. In this paper, we first present a cheat-sensitive quantum scheme for Private Set Intersection. Compared with classical schemes, our scheme has lower communication complexity, which is independent of the size of the server's set. Therefore, it is very suitable for big data services in Cloud or large-scale client-server networks.
Open intersection numbers, matrix models and MKP hierarchy
Alexandrov, A
2014-01-01
In this paper we claim that the generating function of the intersection numbers on the moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces with boundary, constructed recently by R. Pandharipande, J. Solomon and R. Tessler and extended by A. Buryak, is a tau-function of the KP integrable hierarchy. Moreover, it is given by a simple modification of the Kontsevich matrix integral so that the generating functions of open and closed intersection numbers are described by the MKP integrable hierarchy. Virasoro constraints for the open intersection numbers naturally follow from the matrix integral representation.
Mceliece, R. J.
1980-01-01
A class of channel models is presented which exhibit varying burst error severity much like channels encountered in practice. An information-theoretic analysis of these channel models is made, and conclusions are drawn that may aid in the design of coded communication systems for realistic noisy channels.
N=2 Extremal Black Holes and Intersecting Branes
Maldacena, Juan M.
1996-01-01
Using a simple hypothesis about the degrees of freedom of intersecting branes we find a microscopic counting argument that reproduces the entropy of a class of BPS black holes of type IIA string theory on general Calabi Yau three folds.
Penrose Limits of Branes and Marginal Intersecting Branes
Ryang, S
2003-01-01
We construct the Penrose limit backgrounds in closed forms along the generic null geodesics for the near-horizon geometries of D1, D3, D5, NS1 and NS5 branes. The Penrose limit metrics of D1, D5 and NS1 have non-trivial dependence of the light-cone time coordinate, while those of D3 and NS5 have no its dependence. We study the Penrose limits on the marginal 1/4 supersymmetric configurations of standard intersecting branes, such as the NS-NS intersection of NS1 and NS5, the R-R intersections of Dp and Dq over some spatial dimensions and the mix intersections of NS5 and Dp over (p -1)-dimensional spaces. They are classified into three types that correspond to the Penrose limits of D1, D3 and D5 backgrounds.
The OAFM magnet for ISR intersection I-8
1979-01-01
The Open Axial Field Magnet (OAFM), weighing in at 300 tons, was installed in ISR intersection I-8 and brought into operation early in 1979. Fitted with a highly transparent "flat-fish" vacuum chamber, it served experiment R807 (large transverse momentum). Flat-fish vacuum chambers were originally developed for use inside the Split-Field Magnet (SFM) at intersection I-4: see 8310325 and references there.
Birationally rigid complete intersections of quadrics and cubics
Pukhlikov, Aleksandr
2012-01-01
We prove birational superrigidity of generic Fano complete intersections $V$ of type $2^{k_1}\\cdot 3^{k_2}$ in the projective space ${\\mathbb P}^{2k_1+3k_2}$, under the condition that $k_2\\geq 2$ and $k_1+2k_2=\\mathop{\\rm dim} V\\geq 12$, and of a few families of Fano complete intersections of dimension 10 and 11. This is the third version: minor corrections were made, including a few typos.
Research on Driver Behavior in Yellow Interval at Signalized Intersections
Zhaosheng Yang; Xiujuan Tian; Wei Wang; Xiyang Zhou; Hongmei Liang
2014-01-01
Vehicles are often caught in dilemma zone when they approach signalized intersections in yellow interval. The existence of dilemma zone which is significantly influenced by driver behavior seriously affects the efficiency and safety of intersections. This paper proposes the driver behavior models in yellow interval by logistic regression and fuzzy decision tree modeling, respectively, based on camera image data. Vehicle’s speed and distance to stop line are considered in logistic regression m...
Proceedings Seventh Workshop on Intersection Types and Related Systems
Rehof, Jakob
2015-01-01
This volume contains a final and revised selection of papers presented at the Seventh Workshop on Intersection Types and Related Systems (ITRS 2014), held in Vienna (Austria) on July 18th, affiliated with TLCA 2014, Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications (held jointly with RTA, Rewriting Techniques and Applications) as part of FLoC and the Vienna Summer of Logic (VSL) 2014. Intersection types have been introduced in the late 1970s as a language for describing properties of lambda calculus whic...
Supersymmetric intersecting branes in time-dependent backgrounds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We construct a family of supersymmetric solutions in time-dependent backgrounds in supergravity theories. One class of the solutions are intersecting brane solutions and another class are brane solutions in pp-wave backgrounds, and their intersection rules are also given. The relation to existing literature is also discussed. An example of D1-D5 with linear null dilaton together with its possible dual theory is briefly discussed
Generating functions for intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves
Okounkov, Andrei
2001-01-01
Using the connection between intersection theory on the Deligne-Mumford spaces and the edge scaling of the GUE matrix model (see math.CO/9903176, math.AG/0101147), we express the n-point functions for the intersection numbers as n-dimensional error-function-type integrals and also give a derivation of Witten's KdV equations using the higher Fay identities of Adler, Shiota, and van Moerbeke.
Use of Plateia software for design of roads and intersections
Strajnar, Matjaž
2014-01-01
The purpose of the graduation's thesis is to demonstrate the use of Plateia software for design of roads and road intersections. The thesis is divided into theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part briefly describes the history and the main influences on the development of road transport. Further is made a general description of the technical and geometrical elements of roads with the description of level road intersections, roundabouts, multilevel road junctions and bus bays. ...
Delays at signalised intersections with exhaustive traffic control
Boon, MAA Marko; Adan, IJBF Ivo; Winands, EMM Erik; Down, DG
2014-01-01
In this paper we study a traffic intersection with vehicle-actuated traffic signal control. Traffic lights stay green until all lanes within a group are emptied. Assuming general renewal arrival processes, we derive exact limiting distributions of the delays under Heavy Traffic (HT) conditions. Furthermore, we derive the Light Traffic (LT) limit of the mean delays for intersections with Poisson arrivals, and develop a heuristic adaptation of this limit to capture the LT behaviour for other in...
Plastic limit loads for cylindrical shell intersections under combined loading
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this research, applied methods of nonlinear analysis and results of determining the plastic limit loads for shell intersection configurations under combined internal pressure, in-plane moment and out-plane moment loadings are presented. The numerical analysis of shell intersections is performed using the finite element method, geometrically nonlinear shell theory in quadratic approximation and plasticity theory. For determining the load parameter of proportional combined loading, the developed maximum criterion of rate of change of relative plastic work is employed. The graphical results for model of cylindrical shell intersection under different two-parameter combined loadings (as generalized plastic limit load curves) and three-parameter combined loading (as generalized plastic limit load surface) are presented on the assumption that the internal pressure, in-plane moment and out-plane moment loads were applied in a proportional manner. - Highlights: • This paper presents nonlinear two-dimensional FE analysis for shell intersections. • Determining the plastic limit loads under combined loading is considered. • Developed maximum criterion of rate of change of relative plastic work is employed. • Plastic deformation mechanism in shell intersections is discussed. • Results for generalized plastic limit load curves of branch intersection are presented
Estimation of air quality improvement at road and street intersections
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hoeglund, P.G. [Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden). Traffic and Transport Planning
1995-12-31
There has always been a very great problem to quantify the detrimental exhaust air pollution related to the traffic flow, especially at road and street intersections. Until now model calculations have been developed mainly for the links between the intersections. In an attempt to remedy this situation the author has developed a method of estimating emissions on the micro level from motor vehicles at intersections as a help for infrastructural design related to improved environmental conditions. Very parsimonious knowledge exists regarding the deceleration and acceleration patterns at road- and street intersections. Not many surveys are done neither in Sweden nor within other countries. Evidently, the need for knowledge regarding deceleration and acceleration behaviour on the micro level has until now not been given priority. In traffic safety related research studies have been done describing the drivers` deceleration and acceleration behaviour and the vehicles` braking performance. Those results give deceleration data for extreme situations and are not useful for describing normal decelerations and accelerations at road- and street intersections. Environment related problems within the traffic flow analysis are now accentuating the need for the studying of special deceleration and acceleration behaviours in combination with an alternative design of the road and street infrastructure. There is a big difference in different vehicles` amount of emitted exhaust pollutions during the passing of intersections depending on the vehicles` speed levels related to their deceleration and acceleration levels. (author)
Complicating Counterspaces: Intersectionality and the Michigan Womyn's Music Festival.
McConnell, Elizabeth A; Todd, Nathan R; Odahl-Ruan, Charlynn; Shattell, Mona
2016-06-01
The counterspaces framework articulated by Case and Hunter (2012), follows from community psychology's long-standing interest in the potential for settings to promote well-being and liberatory responses to oppression. This framework proposes that certain settings (i.e., "counterspaces") facilitate a specific set of processes that promote the well-being of marginalized groups. We argue that an intersectional analysis is crucial to understand whether and how counterspaces achieve these goals. We draw from literature on safe spaces and present a case study of the Michigan Womyn's Music Festival (Michfest) to illustrate the value of an intersectional analysis and explore how these processes operate. Based on 20 in-person interviews, 23 responses to an online survey, and ethnographic field notes, we show how Michfest was characterized by a particular intersection of identities at the setting level, and intersectional diversity complicated experiences at the individual level. Moreover, intersectional identities provided opportunities for dialogue and change at the setting level, including the creation of counterspaces within counterspaces. Overall, we demonstrate the need to attend to intersectionality in counterspaces, and more broadly in how we conceptualize settings in community psychology. PMID:27216853
Li, Bo; Liu, Richeng; Jiang, Yujing
2016-07-01
Fluid flow tests were conducted on two crossed fracture models for which the geometries of fracture segments and intersections were measured by utilizing a visualization technique using a CCD (charged coupled device) camera. Numerical simulations by solving the Navier-Stokes equations were performed to characterize the fluid flow at fracture intersections. The roles of hydraulic gradient, surface roughness, intersecting angle, and scale effect in the nonlinear fluid flow behavior through single fracture intersections were investigated. The simulation results of flow rate agreed well with the experimental results for both models. The experimental and simulation results showed that with the increment of the hydraulic gradient, the ratio of the flow rate to the hydraulic gradient, Q/J, decreases and the relative difference of Q/J between the calculation results employing the Navier-Stokes equations and the cubic law, δ, increases. When taking into account the fracture surface roughness quantified by Z2 ranging 0-0.42 for J = 1, the value of δ would increase by 0-10.3%. The influences of the intersecting angle on the normalized flow rate that represents the ratio of the flow rate in a segment to the total flow rate, Ra, and the ratio of the hydraulic aperture to the mechanical aperture, e/E, are negligible when J 10-2. Based on the regression analysis on simulation results, a mathematical expression was proposed to quantify e/E, involving variables of J and Rr, where Rr is the radius of truncating circles centered at an intersection. For E/Rr > 10-2, e/E varies significantly and the scale of model has large impacts on the nonlinear flow behavior through intersections, while for E/Rr law to fluid flow through fracture intersections is suggested as J < 10-3, E/Rr < 10-3, and Z2 = 0.
Li, Bo; Liu, Richeng; Jiang, Yujing
2016-07-01
Fluid flow tests were conducted on two crossed fracture models for which the geometries of fracture segments and intersections were measured by utilizing a visualization technique using a CCD (charged coupled device) camera. Numerical simulations by solving the Navier-Stokes equations were performed to characterize the fluid flow at fracture intersections. The roles of hydraulic gradient, surface roughness, intersecting angle, and scale effect in the nonlinear fluid flow behavior through single fracture intersections were investigated. The simulation results of flow rate agreed well with the experimental results for both models. The experimental and simulation results showed that with the increment of the hydraulic gradient, the ratio of the flow rate to the hydraulic gradient, Q/J, decreases and the relative difference of Q/J between the calculation results employing the Navier-Stokes equations and the cubic law, δ, increases. When taking into account the fracture surface roughness quantified by Z2 ranging 0-0.42 for J = 1, the value of δ would increase by 0-10.3%. The influences of the intersecting angle on the normalized flow rate that represents the ratio of the flow rate in a segment to the total flow rate, Ra, and the ratio of the hydraulic aperture to the mechanical aperture, e/E, are negligible when J 10-2. Based on the regression analysis on simulation results, a mathematical expression was proposed to quantify e/E, involving variables of J and Rr, where Rr is the radius of truncating circles centered at an intersection. For E/Rr > 10-2, e/E varies significantly and the scale of model has large impacts on the nonlinear flow behavior through intersections, while for E/Rr < 10-3, the scale effect is negligibly small. Finally, a necessary condition to apply the cubic law to fluid flow through fracture intersections is suggested as J < 10-3, E/Rr < 10-3, and Z2 = 0.
Geometry of meromorphic functions and intersections on moduli spaces of curves
Shadrin, Sergei
2002-01-01
In this paper we study relations between intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves and Hurwitz numbers. First, we prove two formulas expressing Hurwitz numbers of (generalized) polynomials via intersections on moduli spaces of curves. Then we show, how intersection numbers can be expressed via Hurwitz numbers. And then we obtain an algorithm expressing intersection numbers $_g$ via correlation functions of primaries.
Exploring the promises of intersectionality for advancing women's health research.
Hankivsky, Olena; Reid, Colleen; Cormier, Renee; Varcoe, Colleen; Clark, Natalie; Benoit, Cecilia; Brotman, Shari
2010-01-01
Women's health research strives to make change. It seeks to produce knowledge that promotes action on the variety of factors that affect women's lives and their health. As part of this general movement, important strides have been made to raise awareness of the health effects of sex and gender. The resultant base of knowledge has been used to inform health research, policy, and practice. Increasingly, however, the need to pay better attention to the inequities among women that are caused by racism, colonialism, ethnocentrism, heterosexism, and able-bodism, is confronting feminist health researchers and activists. Researchers are seeking new conceptual frameworks that can transform the design of research to produce knowledge that captures how systems of discrimination or subordination overlap and "articulate" with one another. An emerging paradigm for women's health research is intersectionality. Intersectionality places an explicit focus on differences among groups and seeks to illuminate various interacting social factors that affect human lives, including social locations, health status, and quality of life. This paper will draw on recently emerging intersectionality research in the Canadian women's health context in order to explore the promises and practical challenges of the processes involved in applying an intersectionality paradigm. We begin with a brief overview of why the need for an intersectionality approach has emerged within the context of women's health research and introduce current thinking about how intersectionality can inform and transform health research more broadly. We then highlight novel Canadian research that is grappling with the challenges in addressing issues of difference and diversity. In the analysis of these examples, we focus on a largely uninvestigated aspect of intersectionality research - the challenges involved in the process of initiating and developing such projects and, in particular, the meaning and significance of social
Exploring the promises of intersectionality for advancing women's health research
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Clark Natalie
2010-02-01
Full Text Available Abstract Women's health research strives to make change. It seeks to produce knowledge that promotes action on the variety of factors that affect women's lives and their health. As part of this general movement, important strides have been made to raise awareness of the health effects of sex and gender. The resultant base of knowledge has been used to inform health research, policy, and practice. Increasingly, however, the need to pay better attention to the inequities among women that are caused by racism, colonialism, ethnocentrism, heterosexism, and able-bodism, is confronting feminist health researchers and activists. Researchers are seeking new conceptual frameworks that can transform the design of research to produce knowledge that captures how systems of discrimination or subordination overlap and "articulate" with one another. An emerging paradigm for women's health research is intersectionality. Intersectionality places an explicit focus on differences among groups and seeks to illuminate various interacting social factors that affect human lives, including social locations, health status, and quality of life. This paper will draw on recently emerging intersectionality research in the Canadian women's health context in order to explore the promises and practical challenges of the processes involved in applying an intersectionality paradigm. We begin with a brief overview of why the need for an intersectionality approach has emerged within the context of women's health research and introduce current thinking about how intersectionality can inform and transform health research more broadly. We then highlight novel Canadian research that is grappling with the challenges in addressing issues of difference and diversity. In the analysis of these examples, we focus on a largely uninvestigated aspect of intersectionality research - the challenges involved in the process of initiating and developing such projects and, in particular, the meaning
Common intersection points in dense fluids via equations of state
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Some new of state which are derived for dense fluids in recent years, namely the linear isotherm regularity, the dense system equation of state, Ihm-Song-Mason equation of state, and a newly derived semi-empirical equation of state have used to investigate the common intersection point of isobaric expansivity (αp) in dense fluids. We have shown that the accuracy of these equations of state in predicting such a common intersection point is reduced from the new semi-imperial equation of state, dense system equation of state, linear isotherm regularity, to Ihm-Song-Mason equation of state. respectively. Form physical point of view, the van der Waals equation of state is used to investigate such an intersection point. It is shown that the van der Waals repulsion forces and temperature dependency of the effective molecular diameter are important for existence of this common point. Finally, we have shown that the common intersection points of the isotherms of thermal pressure coefficient, the isotherms of heat capacity at constant volume, and the iso chores of internal pressure for a fluid are related to each other. Also, the common intersection points of the reduced bulk modulus and 1/(Tαp) for isotherms of a fluid both appear at the same density
Mitigating gas emissions at signalised intersections using wireless vehicle detectors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Moses Kwasi Torkudzor
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Traffic congestion on roads wastes travel times and increases fuel consumption as well as gas emissions which are dangerous to human health. This has led to growing concern about environmental protection and energy conservation and a number of studies to increase fuel economy and reduce gas emissions. To increase travel times so as to reduce fuel consumption and gas emissions, traffic signals at intersections must be well implemented. It is therefore necessary to employ the current technology of wireless sensor networks to enhance the optimisation of the signalised intersections so as to address such a concern. In this study, a vehicular traffic control model was developed to optimise a signalised intersection, using wireless vehicle detectors. Real-time traffic volume gathered were analysed to obtain the peak hour traffic volume causing congestion. The intersection was modelled and simulated in Synchro7 as an actuated signalised model using results from the analysed data. The model for morning peak and evening peak periods gave optimal cycle lengths which result in the reduction of gas emissions, fuel consumption and delay at the intersection.
MATLAB Simulation of Fuzzy Traffic Controller for Multilane Isolated Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Azura Che Soh/Lai Guan Rhung
2010-07-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a MATLAB simulation of fuzzy traffic controller for controlling traffic flow at multilane isolated signalized intersection. The controller is developed based on the waiting time and vehicles queue length at current green phase, and vehicles queue lengths at the other phases. For control strategy, the controllercontrols the traffic light timings and phase sequence to ensure smooth flow of traffic with minimal waiting time, queue length and delay time. In this research, the isolated intersection model used consists of two lanes in each approach. Each approach has two different values of vehicles queue length and waiting time, respectively, at the intersection. The maximum values of vehicles queue length and waiting times are selected as the inputs to controller for optimized control of traffic flows at the intersection. A traffic model and fuzzy traffic controller are developed to evaluate the performance of traffic controllers underdifferent conditions. In the end, by comparing the experimental result obtained by the vehicle-actuated controller (VAC and fuzzy traffic controller (FTC which improves significant performance for intersections, we confirmed the efficiency of our intelligent controller based fuzzy inference system.
Inertial (non-Darcian) channeled seepage flow
Foda, Mostafa A.
1994-10-01
A slow wave solution is identified for an infinite elastic medium intersected by a two-dimensional fluid channel. Because the wave speed is much slower than the medium's elastic shear wave, the response in the elastic medium is governed by elastostatics. The inertia of the wave is essentially focused in the fluid channel. Furthermore, wave damping is caused by fluid viscous friction on the channel in an elastic solid. It is proposed that these solutions may also be used in the case of a granular porous medium. The seepage channels would then represent a network of preferential flow paths. Therefore we would allow, in this case, the channel porosity to be different from the average granular porosity. For a strongly channel seepage flow or for a low channel porosity the solution is shown to approach that of a single-channel solution, giving rise to a slow propagating wave mode. On the other hand, for weak channeling or nearly `homogeneous' seepage flow the solution is shown to reproduce Biot's (1956) critically damped wave of the second kind. It is proposed that the resonance observed by Foda and Tzang (1994) are in the form of these strongly channeled wave modes.
On Intersections of Cantor Sets: Self-Similarity
Pedersen, Steen
2012-01-01
Let C be a Cantor set. For a real number t let C+t be the translate of C by t, We say two real numbers s,t are equivalent if the intersection of C and C+s is a translate of the intersection of C and C+t. We consider a class of Cantor sets determined by similarities with one fixed positive contraction ratio. For this class of Cantor set, we show that an "initial segment" of the intersection of C and C+t is a self-similar set with contraction ratios that are powers of the contraction ratio used to describe C as a self- similar set if and only if t is equivalent to a rational number. Our results are new even for the middle thirds Cantor set.
Research on Driver Behavior in Yellow Interval at Signalized Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhaosheng Yang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Vehicles are often caught in dilemma zone when they approach signalized intersections in yellow interval. The existence of dilemma zone which is significantly influenced by driver behavior seriously affects the efficiency and safety of intersections. This paper proposes the driver behavior models in yellow interval by logistic regression and fuzzy decision tree modeling, respectively, based on camera image data. Vehicle’s speed and distance to stop line are considered in logistic regression model, which also brings in a dummy variable to describe installation of countdown timer display. Fuzzy decision tree model is generated by FID3 algorithm whose heuristic information is fuzzy information entropy based on membership functions. This paper concludes that fuzzy decision tree is more accurate to describe driver behavior at signalized intersection than logistic regression model.
The intersection of Finite State Automata and Definite Clause Grammars
Van Noord, G
1995-01-01
Bernard Lang defines parsing as the calculation of the intersection of a FSA (the input) and a CFG. Viewing the input for parsing as a FSA rather than as a string combines well with some approaches in speech understanding systems, in which parsing takes a word lattice as input (rather than a word string). Furthermore, certain techniques for robust parsing can be modelled as finite state transducers. In this paper we investigate how we can generalize this approach for unification grammars. In particular we will concentrate on how we might the calculation of the intersection of a FSA and a DCG. It is shown that existing parsing algorithms can be easily extended for FSA inputs. However, we also show that the termination properties change drastically: we show that it is undecidable whether the intersection of a FSA and a DCG is empty (even if the DCG is off-line parsable). Furthermore we discuss approaches to cope with the problem.
Supersymmetric intersecting branes in time-dependent backgrounds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We construct a fairy general family of supersymmetric solutions in time- and space-dependent backgrounds in general supergravity theories. One class of the solutions are intersecting brane solutions with factorized form of time- and space-dependent metrics, the second class are brane solutions in pp-wave backgrounds carrying spacetime-dependence, and the final class are the intersecting branes with more nontrivial spacetime-dependence, and their intersection rules are given. Physical properties of these solutions are discussed, and the relation to existing literature is also briefly mentioned. The number of remaining supersymmetries are identified for various configurations including single branes, D1-D5, D2-D6-branes with nontrivial dilaton, and their possible dual theories are briefly discussed.
Self-organizing traffic lights at multiple-street intersections
Gershenson, Carlos
2011-01-01
Summary: Traffic light coordination is a complex problem. In this paper, we extend previous work on an abstract model of city traffic to allow for multiple street intersections. We test a self-organizing method in our model, showing that it is close to theoretical optima and superior to a traditional method of traffic light coordination. Abstract: The elementary cellular automaton following rule 184 can mimic particles flowing in one direction at a constant speed. This automaton can therefore model highway traffic. In a recent paper, we have incorporated intersections regulated by traffic lights to this model using exclusively elementary cellular automata. In such a paper, however, we only explored a rectangular grid. We now extend our model to more complex scenarios employing an hexagonal grid. This extension shows first that our model can readily incorporate multiple-way intersections and hence simulate complex scenarios. In addition, the current extension allows us to study and evaluate the behavior of two...
Teleparallel loop quantum cosmology in a system of intersecting branes
Sepehri, Alireza; Pradhan, Anirudh; Beesham, Aroonkumar; de Haro, Jaume
2016-09-01
Recently, some authors have removed the big bang singularity in teleparallel Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and have shown that the universe may undergo a number of oscillations. We investigate the origin of this type of teleparallel theory in a system of intersecting branes in M-theory in which the angle between them changes with time. This system is constructed by two intersecting anti-D8-branes, one compacted D4-brane and a D3-brane. These branes are built by joining M0-branes which develop in decaying fundamental strings. The compacted D4-brane is located between two intersecting anti-D8 branes and glues to one of them. Our universe is located on the D3 brane which wraps around the D4 brane from one end and sticks to one of the anti-D8 branes from the other one. In this system, there are three types of fields, corresponding to compacted D4 branes, intersecting branes and D3-branes. These fields interact with each other and make the angle between branes oscillate. By decreasing this angle, the intersecting anti-D8 branes approach each other, the D4 brane rolls, the D3 brane wraps around the D4 brane, and the universe contracts. By separating the intersecting branes and increasing the angle, the D4 brane rolls in the opposite direction, the D3 brane separates from it and the expansion branch begins. Also, the interaction between branes in this system gives us the exact form of the relevant Lagrangian for teleparallel LQC.
Viewing equitable practices through the lens of intersecting identities
Lyons, Renée; Dsouza, Nikeetha; Quigley, Cassie
2016-04-01
This review explores Archer, Dawson, Seakins, and Wong's "Disorienting, fun or meaningful? Disadvantaged families' experiences of a science museum visit" by examining the analytic frameworks guiding this study. To expand on Archer et al.'s use of feminist post-structuralist theories of identity we draw from the theory of intersectionality to provide a more robust framework for analyzing barriers to engagement within an informal learning space. Our response to this work ends by exploring the types of solutions generated from an intersectionality framework—solutions aimed at transforming institutional programs and practices to create more equitable spaces for learning.
Third Wave Feminism's Unhappy Marriage of Poststructuralism and Intersectionality Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Susan Archer Mann
2013-06-01
Full Text Available This article first traces the history of unhappy marriages of disparate theoretical perspectives in US feminism. In recent decades, US third-wave authors have arranged their own unhappy marriage in that their major publications reflect an attempt to wed poststructuralism with intersectionality theory. Although the standpoint epistemology of intersectionality theory shares some common ground with the epistemology of poststructuralism, their epistemological assumptions conflict on a number of important dimensions. This contested terrain has generated serious debates within the third wave and between second- and thirdwave feminists. The form, content, and political implications of their "unhappy marriage" are the subject of this article.
Formation of density waves in traffic flow through intersecting roads.
Ray, B; Bhattacharyya, S N
2006-03-01
The formation of density waves in two intersecting roads, with a traffic circle at the intersection, is studied. It is found that, depending on the traffic densities in the two roads, density waves can form in the traffic circle and in one or both of the roads. Depending on the expression chosen for the optimal velocity, either the congestion moves entirely to the traffic circle or the congestion becomes confined to the traffic circle and a part of the road approaching the traffic circle. PMID:16605592
Intersecting longest paths and longest cycles: A survey
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ayesha Shabbir
2013-04-01
Full Text Available This is a survey of results obtained during the last 45 years regarding the intersection behaviour of all longest paths, or all longest cycles, in connected graphs. Planar graphs and graphs of higher connectivity receive special attention. Graphs embeddable in the cubic lattice of arbitrary dimension, and graphs embeddable in the triangular or hexagonal lattice of the plane are also discussed.Results concerning the case when not all, but just some longest paths or cycles are intersected, for example two or three of them, are also reported.
The Image of Self Intersecting QCD Strings in Four Dimensions
Bacus, B; Bacus, Bob
2001-01-01
We numerically examine the self-dual solutions of self-intersecting strings immersed in four dimensions. We find that open torus knot have topologies that can support monopole/anti-monopole as well as q-qbar production and annihilation.. We give an estimate of the string tension from quark production rates, show that the intersection number for torus-knots is 4(p-q), and supply a MAPLE program that can annimate the torus- knot solutions. These annimations can be found at http://www-hep.physics.uiowa.edu/~bacus/research.html under ``Animation Control Panel''.
On the growth rate of leaf-wise intersections
Macarini, Leonardo; Paternain, Gabriel P
2011-01-01
We define a new variant of Rabinowitz Floer homology that is particularly well suited to studying the growth rate of leaf-wise intersections. We prove that for closed manifolds $M$ whose loop space is "complicated", if $\\Sigma$ is a non-degenerate fibrewise starshaped hypersurface in $T^*M$ and $\\phi$ is a generic Hamiltonian diffeomorphism then the number of leaf-wise intersection points of $\\phi$ in $\\Sigma$ grows exponentially in time. Concrete examples of such manifolds $M$ are the connected sum of two copies of $S^2 \\times S^2$, the connected sum of $T^4$ and $CP^2$, or any surface of genus greater than one.
From r-spin intersection numbers to Hodge integrals
Ding, Xiang-Mao; Li, Yuping; Meng, Lingxian
2016-01-01
Generalized Kontsevich Matrix Model (GKMM) with a certain given potential is the partition function of r-spin intersection numbers. We represent this GKMM in terms of fermions and expand it in terms of the Schur polynomials by boson-fermion correspondence, and link it with a Hurwitz partition function and a Hodge partition by operators in a widehat{GL}(∞) group. Then, from a W 1+∞ constraint of the partition function of r-spin intersection numbers, we get a W 1+∞ constraint for the Hodge partition function. The W 1+∞ constraint completely determines the Schur polynomials expansion of the Hodge partition function.
From $r$-Spin Intersection Numbers to Hodge Integrals
Ding, Xiang-Mao; Meng, Lingxian
2016-01-01
Generalized Kontsevich Matrix Model (GKMM) with a certain given potential is the partition function of $r$-spin intersection numbers. We represent this GKMM in terms of fermions and expand it in terms of the Schur polynomials by boson-fermion correspondence, and link it with a Hurwitz partition function and a Hodge partition by operators in a $\\widehat{GL}(\\infty)$ group. Then, from a $W_{1+\\infty}$ constraint of the partition function of $r$-spin intersection numbers, we get a $W_{1+\\infty}$ constraint for the Hodge partition function. The $W_{1+\\infty}$ constraint completely determines the Schur polynomials expansion of the Hodge partition function.
Intersection democracy for winding branes and stabilization of extra dimensions
Rador, Tonguc
2005-01-01
We show that, in the context of pure Einstein gravity, a democratic principle for intersection possibilities of branes winding around extra dimensions in a given partitioning yield stabilization, while what the observed space follows is matter-like dust evolution . Here democracy is used in the sense that, in a given decimation of extra dimensions, all possible wrappings and hence all possible intersections are allowed. Generally, the necessary and sufficient condition for this is that the dimensionality $m$ of the observed space dimensions obey $3\\leqm \\le N$ where $N$ is the decimation order of the extra dimensions.
Intersection democracy for winding branes and stabilization of extra dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We show that, in the context of pure Einstein gravity, a democratic principle for intersection possibilities of branes winding around extra dimensions in a given partitioning yield stabilization, while what the observed space follows is matter-like dust evolution. Here democracy is used in the sense that, in a given decimation of extra dimensions, all possible wrappings and hence all possible intersections are allowed. Generally, the necessary and sufficient condition for this is that the dimensionality m of the observed space dimensions obey 3==3, where N is the decimation order of the extra dimensions
One-loop adjoint masses for non-supersymmetric intersecting branes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anastasopoulos, P. [Technische Univ., Vienna (Austria). 1. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Antoniadis, I. [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland); Benakli, K. [CNRS, UPMC Univ. Paris (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique et Haute Energies; Goodsell, M.D. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Vichi, A. [Institute de Theorie des Phenomenes Physiques, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)
2011-05-15
We consider breaking of supersymmetry in intersecting D-brane configurations by slight deviation of the angles from their supersymmetric values. We compute the masses generated by radiative corrections for the adjoint scalars on the brane world-volumes. In the open string channel, the string two-point function receives contributions only from the infrared and the ultraviolet limits. The latter is due to tree-level closed string uncanceled NS-NS tadpoles, which we explicitly reproduce from the effective Born-Infeld action. On the other hand, the infrared region reproduces the one-loop mediation of supersymmetry breaking in the effective gauge theory, via messengers and their Kaluza-Klein excitations. In the toroidal set-up considered here, it receives contributions only from N {approx} 4 and N {approx} 2 supersymmetric configurations, and thus always leads at leading order to a tachyonic direction, in agreement with effective field theory expectations. (orig.)
INTERACTION OF LIQUID FLAT SCREENS WITH GAS FLOW RESTRICTED BY CHANNEL WALLS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. T. Aksentiev
2005-01-01
Full Text Available The paper gives description of physical pattern of liquid screen interaction that are injected from the internal walls of a rectangular channel with gas flow. Criterion dependences for determination of intersection coordinates of external boundaries with longitudinal channel axis and factor of liquid screen head resistance.
Response to Mary J. Reichling, "Intersections: Form, Feeling, and Isomorphism"
Sinclair, Anne
2004-01-01
In her response to Mary Reichling's article "Intersections: Form, Feeling, and Isomorphism, Anne Sinclair believes that the exploration of form, feeling, and isomorphism in the writings of Susanne Langer accomplishes its goal to examine and elucidate aspects of these concepts. Sinclair finds several of the ideas presented very engaging. Musical…
ISABELLE [Intersecting Storage Accelerators with the adjective belle] physics prospects
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume contains a collection of reports on physics prospects at a 200 x 200-GeV proton intersecting storage ring facility (Isabelle or ISA). General topics of papers included are: machine-related topics, general purpose detectors, strong interaction experiments, weak and electromagnetic interaction experiments, and other exotic ideas
Precision of Points Computed from Intersections of Lines or Planes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Cederholm, Jens Peter
2004-01-01
Not all points are directly accessible when doing detail surveys wirh GPS. This paper gests a method for estimating these points. The points are computed from intersections of lines that are surveyed with GPS. The lines are computed by least squares estimation. Further, the suggested method estim...
Choices at the Intersection of the Arts and Education.
O'Fallon, David
1995-01-01
Asserts that, in the fields of the arts and education, the United States faces an intersection of opportunities to bring the arts into education with more depth. Maintains that the arts are essential for effective living today. Discusses Hannah Arendt's three forms of human activity--labor, work, and action--and relates the role of the arts to…
A New Data Layout For Set Intersection on GPUs
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Amossen, Rasmus Resen; Pagh, Rasmus
2011-01-01
. However, GPUs require highly regular control flow and memory access patterns, and for this reason previous GPU methods for intersecting sets have used a simple bitmap representation. This representation requires excessive space on sparse data sets. In this paper we present a novel data layout, BATMAP...
Revisiting Street Intersections Using Slot-Based Systems.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Remi Tachet
Full Text Available Since their appearance at the end of the 19th century, traffic lights have been the primary mode of granting access to road intersections. Today, this centuries-old technology is challenged by advances in intelligent transportation, which are opening the way to new solutions built upon slot-based systems similar to those commonly used in aerial traffic: what we call Slot-based Intersections (SIs. Despite simulation-based evidence of the potential benefits of SIs, a comprehensive, analytical framework to compare their relative performance with traffic lights is still lacking. Here, we develop such a framework. We approach the problem in a novel way, by generalizing classical queuing theory. Having defined safety conditions, we characterize capacity and delay of SIs. In the 2-road crossing configuration, we provide a capacity-optimal SI management system. For arbitrary intersection configurations, near-optimal solutions are developed. Results theoretically show that transitioning from a traffic light system to SI has the potential of doubling capacity and significantly reducing delays. This suggests a reduction of non-linear dynamics induced by intersection bottlenecks, with positive impact on the road network. Such findings can provide transportation engineers and planners with crucial insights as they prepare to manage the transition towards a more intelligent transportation infrastructure in cities.
Teleparallel loop quantum cosmology in a system of intersecting branes
Sepehri, Alireza; Beesham, A; de Haro, Jaume
2016-01-01
Recently, some authors have removed the big bang singularity in teleparallel Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and have shown that the universe may undergo a number of oscillations. We investigate the origin of this type of teleparallel theory in a system of intersecting branes in M-theory in which the angle between them changes with time. This system is constructed by two intersecting anti-D8-branes, one compacted D4-brane and the other a D3-brane. These branes are built by joining M0-branes which develop in decaying fundamental strings. The compacted D4-brane is located between two intersecting anti-D8 branes and glues to one of them. Our universe is located on the D3 brane which wraps the D4 brane from one end and sticks to one of the anti-D8 branes from another one. In this system, there are three types of ?elds, corresponding to compacted D4 branes, intersecting branes and D3-branes. These ?elds interact with each other and make the angle between branes oscillate. By decreasing this angle and approaching the ...
INTERSECTION OF PRIME SUBMODULES AND DIMENSION OF MODULES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
A. Azizi
2005-01-01
The aim of this paper is to study the conditions by which a P-prime submodule can be expressed as a finite intersection or union of P-prime submodules. Also corresponding to dimension and rank of modules, some equivalent conditions for a ring to be a Dedekind domain are given.
Threshold Functions in Random s-Intersection Graphs
Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil
2015-01-01
Random $s$-intersection graphs have recently received considerable attention in a wide range of application areas. In such a graph, each vertex is equipped with a set of items in some random manner, and any two vertices establish an undirected edge in between if and only if they have at least $s$ common items. In particular, in a uniform random $s$-intersection graph, each vertex independently selects a fixed number of items uniformly at random from a common item pool, while in a binomial random $s$-intersection graph, each item in some item pool is independently attached to each vertex with the same probability. For binomial/uniform random $s$-intersection graphs, we establish threshold functions for perfect matching containment, Hamilton cycle containment, and $k$-robustness, where $k$-robustness is in the sense of Zhang and Sundaram [IEEE Conf. on Decision & Control '12]. We show that these threshold functions resemble those of classical Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'{e}nyi graphs, where each pair of vertices has an un...
Control of Ultracold Chemical Reactions Through Conical Intersections
Makrides, Constantinos; Petrov, Alexander; Kotochigova, Svetlana
2016-05-01
The pioneering work on obtaining a quantum degenerate sample of ground state KRb molecules is one of the great successes in ultracold physics. The early experimental and theoretical investigations to describe quantum chemical reactions of ultracold KRb molecules with residual ultracold K atoms have been based on probing their inelastic collision loss rates. A natural progression towards control of molecular reactivity would be to study the potential landscape of the collisional complex with the inherited degeneracies and intersections between two lowest electronic states. The topology of these surfaces provide us with a qualitative understanding of the reaction mechanism. Here we study how the ability to prepare unique initial states combined with the presence of conical intersections can be used to control the outcome of ultracold chemical reactions of alkali-metal atoms and molecules. We locate and determine properties of conical intersections for the KRbK molecular system and determine signatures of non-adiabatic passage through the conical intersection to distinguish between relaxation and reaction pathways. This work is supported by the ARO-MURI and NSF Grants.
Revisiting Street Intersections Using Slot-Based Systems
Tachet, Remi; Santi, Paolo; Sobolevsky, Stanislav; Reyes-Castro, Luis Ignacio; Frazzoli, Emilio; Helbing, Dirk; Ratti, Carlo
2016-01-01
Since their appearance at the end of the 19th century, traffic lights have been the primary mode of granting access to road intersections. Today, this centuries-old technology is challenged by advances in intelligent transportation, which are opening the way to new solutions built upon slot-based systems similar to those commonly used in aerial traffic: what we call Slot-based Intersections (SIs). Despite simulation-based evidence of the potential benefits of SIs, a comprehensive, analytical framework to compare their relative performance with traffic lights is still lacking. Here, we develop such a framework. We approach the problem in a novel way, by generalizing classical queuing theory. Having defined safety conditions, we characterize capacity and delay of SIs. In the 2-road crossing configuration, we provide a capacity-optimal SI management system. For arbitrary intersection configurations, near-optimal solutions are developed. Results theoretically show that transitioning from a traffic light system to SI has the potential of doubling capacity and significantly reducing delays. This suggests a reduction of non-linear dynamics induced by intersection bottlenecks, with positive impact on the road network. Such findings can provide transportation engineers and planners with crucial insights as they prepare to manage the transition towards a more intelligent transportation infrastructure in cities. PMID:26982532
Disciplinarity and Methodology in Intersectionality Theory and Research
Syed, Moin
2010-01-01
Comments on the original article, "Intersectionality and research in psychology," by E. R. Cole. Cole's article, says the current author, makes a welcome and valuable contribution to the field of psychology. Particularly useful are the three questions that she posed, highlighting how these questions are relevant and pressing for all researchers,…
Flow dynamics inside an Urban Intersection: Skewness and Kurtosis characteristics
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kellnerová, Radka; Jaňour, Zbyněk
Liberec: TU Liberec, 2008 - (Dančová, P.; Vít, T.), s. 72-78 ISBN 978-80-7372-417-7. [Experimental Fluid Mechanics 2008. Liberec (CZ), 26.11.2008-28.11.2008] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20760514 Keywords : street canyon * urban intersection * skewness * quadrant analysis Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology
Revisiting Street Intersections Using Slot-Based Systems.
Tachet, Remi; Santi, Paolo; Sobolevsky, Stanislav; Reyes-Castro, Luis Ignacio; Frazzoli, Emilio; Helbing, Dirk; Ratti, Carlo
2016-01-01
Since their appearance at the end of the 19th century, traffic lights have been the primary mode of granting access to road intersections. Today, this centuries-old technology is challenged by advances in intelligent transportation, which are opening the way to new solutions built upon slot-based systems similar to those commonly used in aerial traffic: what we call Slot-based Intersections (SIs). Despite simulation-based evidence of the potential benefits of SIs, a comprehensive, analytical framework to compare their relative performance with traffic lights is still lacking. Here, we develop such a framework. We approach the problem in a novel way, by generalizing classical queuing theory. Having defined safety conditions, we characterize capacity and delay of SIs. In the 2-road crossing configuration, we provide a capacity-optimal SI management system. For arbitrary intersection configurations, near-optimal solutions are developed. Results theoretically show that transitioning from a traffic light system to SI has the potential of doubling capacity and significantly reducing delays. This suggests a reduction of non-linear dynamics induced by intersection bottlenecks, with positive impact on the road network. Such findings can provide transportation engineers and planners with crucial insights as they prepare to manage the transition towards a more intelligent transportation infrastructure in cities. PMID:26982532
EnviroAtlas - Phoenix, AZ - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Austin, TX - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - New Bedford, MA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Portland, OR - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Pittsburgh, PA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Memphis, TN - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Portland, ME - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Des Moines, IA - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Paterson, NJ - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
EnviroAtlas - Tampa, FL - Estimated Intersection Density of Walkable Roads
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset estimates the intersection density of walkable roads within a 750 meter radius of any given 10 meter pixel in the community. Intersections...
Positive Switched System Approach to Traffic Signal Control for Oversaturated Intersection
Lin Du; Yun Zhang
2014-01-01
The online traffic signalization for intersection is addressed. A new model for intersection called positive switched system is presented. Then, based on the dissipativity analysis results for positive switched system, an online state-feedback control strategy for traffic signal in two-phase intersection section is proposed. A numerical example is provided to illustrate the effectiveness of our theoretical findings. Finally, in order to extend to more general cases, multiphase intersection is...
Road Impedance Model Study under the Control of Intersection Signal
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yunlin Luo
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Road traffic impedance model is a difficult and critical point in urban traffic assignment and route guidance. The paper takes a signalized intersection as the research object. On the basis of traditional traffic wave theory including the implementation of traffic wave model and the analysis of vehicles’ gathering and dissipating, the road traffic impedance model is researched by determining the basic travel time and waiting delay time. Numerical example results have proved that the proposed model in this paper has received better calculation performance compared to existing model, especially in flat hours. The values of mean absolute percentage error (MAPE and mean absolute deviation (MAD are separately reduced by 3.78% and 2.62 s. It shows that the proposed model has feasibility and availability in road traffic impedance under intersection signal.
Infiuence of Bicycle Traffic on Capacity of Typical Signalized Intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Xiaoming; SHAO Chunfu; YUE Hao
2007-01-01
Bicycle traffic has a significant effect on the capacity of signalized intersections. This paper divides the influence of bicyclists on vehicular flow into four types with the time durations estimated based on probability, shock wave, and gap acceptance theory. Vehicular saturation flow rate is predicted for various conditions on the basis of the speed-flow curve for the capacity of typical intersections influenced by bicycle traffic.The model overcomes the limitations of the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM, 2000) method for left-turns due to data collection, and takes into account the effect of trapped bicycles on the through vehicular traffic.The numerical results show that the left-turn and through capacities predicted by the model are lower than those of the HCM method. The right-turn capacity is close to that of the HCM method at Iow bicycle volumes and higher than that of the HCM method at high bicycle volumes.
Modules Whose Classical Prime Submodules Are Intersections of Maximal Submodules
Arabi-Kakavand, Marzieh
2012-01-01
Commutative rings in which every prime ideal is the intersection of maximal ideals are called Hilbert (or Jacobson) rings. We propose to define classical Hilbert modules by the property that {\\it classical prime} submodules are the intersection of maximal submodules. It is shown that all co-semisimple modules as well as all Artinian modules are classical Hilbert modules. Also, every module over a zero-dimensional ring is classical Hilbert. Results illustrating connections amongst the notions of classical Hilbert module and Hilbert ring are also provided. Rings $R$ over which all $R$-modules are classical Hilbert are characterized. Furthermore, we determine the Noetherian rings $R$ for which all finitely generated $R$-modules are classical Hilbert.
Holomorphic Yukawa Couplings for Complete Intersection Calabi-Yau Manifolds
Blesneag, Stefan; Lukas, Andre
2016-01-01
We develop methods to compute holomorphic Yukawa couplings for heterotic compactifications on complete intersection Calabi-Yau manifolds, generalising result of an earlier paper for Calabi-Yau hypersurfaces. Our methods are based on constructing the required bundle-values forms explicitly and evaluating the relevant integrals over the projective ambient space. We also show how our approach relates to an earlier, algebraic one to calculate the holomorphic Yukawa couplings. A vanishing theorem, which we prove, implies certain Yukawa couplings allowed by low-energy symmetries are zero due to topological reasons. To illustrate our methods, we calculate Yukawa couplings for SU(5)-based standard models on a co-dimension two complete intersection manifold.
Sigma-model soliton intersections from exceptional calibrations
Portugues, R
2002-01-01
A first-order `BPS' equation is obtained for 1/8 supersymmetric intersections of soliton-membranes (lumps) of supersymmetric (4+1)-dimensional massless sigma models, and a special non-singular solution is found that preserves 1/4 supersymmetry. For 4-dimensional hyper-K\\"ahler target spaces ($HK_4$) the BPS equation is shown to be the low-energy limit of the equation for a Cayley-calibrated 4-surface in $\\bE^4\\times HK_4$. Similar first-order equations are found for stationary intersections of Q-lump-membranes of the massive sigma model, but now generic solutions preserve either 1/8 supersymmetry or no supersymmetry, depending on the time orientation.
SOFTWARE FOR SYNTHESIS OF COMPLIANT MECHANISMS WITHOUT INTERSECTING ELEMENTS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrija P. Milojević
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A compliant mechanism is defined as a single piece structure that transfer motion or force through elastic deformation. The synthesis of this kind of mechanisms represents a challenging task, especially because their flexible segments usually must undergo large, nonlinear deflections which include difficult nonlinear analysis. In this paper the new software for synthesis of compliant mechanisms is developed. The software uses an improved topology optimization technique that is especially useful when the designer does not have a particular compliant mechanism already in mind. Intersection between elements in the compliant mechanisms obtained by using existing topology optimization technique often increases stiffness of the structure which need to be flexible. The topology optimization technique is improved in the software so that compliant mechanisms without intersecting elements are obtained. The methodology that software uses and its capability will be shown on the examples of synthesis of the compliant gripper and the compliant displacement inverter.
The fine triangle intersections for maximum kite packings
Zhang, Guizhi; Chang, Yanxun; Feng, Tao
2012-01-01
In this paper the fine triangle intersection problem for a pair of maximum kite packings is investigated. Let $Fin(v)={(s,t):$ $\\exists$ a pair of maximum kite packings of order $v$ intersecting in $s$ blocks and $s+t$ triangles$}$. Let $Adm(v)={(s,t): s+t\\leq b_v, s,t$ are non-negative integers$}$, where $b_v=\\lfloor v(v-1)/8\\rfloor$. It is established that $Fin(v)= Adm(v)\\setminus {(b_v-1,0),(b_v-1,1)}$ for any integer $v\\equiv 0,1 ({\\rm mod} 8)$ and $v\\geq 8$; $Fin(v)=Adm(v)$ for any integ...
Mining User Similarity Using Spatial-temporal Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yimin Wang
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The booming industry of location-based services has accumulated a huge collection of users location trajectories and also brings us opportunities and challenges to automatically discover valuable knowledge from these trajectories. In this paper, we investigate the problem of measuring the similarity between users. Such user similarity is significant to individuals, communities and businesses by helping them effectively retrieve the information. To achieve this goal, we firstly propose a storage structure to represent the users trajectories, which not only stores the sequence of users trajectory, but also stores regions with indexing of trajectories which pass the regions. After that, we give the similarity function between users using the spatio-temporal intersection in regions which are passed by the two users. Finally, we develop a spatio-temporal intersection algorithm to measure user similarity based on the definition and storage structure, and we illustrate the results and performance of the algorithm by extensive experiments.
Polar Functions and Intersections of the Random String Processes
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhen Long CHEN
2012-01-01
Let {us(x) ∶ s ≥ 0,x ∈ R} be a random string taking values in Rd.The main goal of this paper is to discuss the characteristics of the polar functions of {us(x) ∶ s ≥ 0,x ∈ R}.The relationship between a class of continuous functions satisfying the H(o)lder condition and a class of polar-functions of {us(x) ∶ s ≥ 0,x ∈ R} is presented.The Hausdorff and packing dimensions of the set that the string intersects a given non-polar continuous function are determined.The upper and lower bounds are obtained for the probability that the string intersects a given function in terms of respectively Hausdorff measure and capacity.
Direct signature of light-induced conical intersections in diatomics
Halász, Gábor J; Cederbaum, Lorenz S
2014-01-01
Nonadiabatic effects are ubiquitous in physics, chemistry and biology. They are strongly amplified by conical intersections (CIs) which are degeneracies between electronic states of triatomic or larger molecules. A few years ago it has been revealed that CIs in molecular systems can be formed by laser light even in diatomics. Due to the prevailing strong nonadiabatic couplings, the existence of such laser-induced conical intersections (LICIs) may considerably change the dynamical behavior of molecular systems. By analyzing the photodissociation process of the D2+ molecule carefully, we found a robust effect in the angular distribution of the photofragments which serves as a direct signature of the LICI providing undoubted evidence for its existence.
Intersection of a Sure Ellipsoid and a Random Ellipsoid
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arjun K. Gupta
2012-07-01
Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} An Expression for the expected value of the intersection of a sure sphere and a random sphere has been derived by Laurent (1974. In the present paper we derive the expression for the expected intersection volume of a sure ellipsoid and a random ellipsoid
Continuous Negotiation for a Vehicle-Regulated Intersection
Gaciarz, Matthis; BHOURI, Neila; Aknine, Samir
2015-01-01
Urban congestion is a major problem in our society for quality of life and for productivity. The increasing communication abilities of vehicles and recent advances in artificial intelligence allow new solutions to be considered for traffic regulation, based on real-time information and distributed cooperative decision-making models. The paper presents a mechanism allowing a distributed regulation of the right-of-way of the vehicles at an intersection. The decision-making relies on an automati...
Experiencing privilege at ethnic, gender and senior intersections
Atewologun, D.; Sealy, R
2014-01-01
Purpose: In management studies, assumptions surround the fixed, categorical and binary nature of male, ethnic and other privileges. Compared to white, middle-class men, ‘Others’ are typically assumed not to experience privilege. We counter this assumption by applying intersectionality to examine privilege’s juxtaposition with disadvantage. We offer an elaborated conceptualisation of organisational privilege and insight into the agency employed by individuals traditionally perceived as non-pri...
Degree and clustering coefficient in sparse random intersection graphs
Bloznelis, Mindaugas
2013-01-01
We establish asymptotic vertex degree distribution and examine its relation to the clustering coefficient in two popular random intersection graph models of Godehardt and Jaworski [Electron. Notes Discrete Math. 10 (2001) 129–132]. For sparse graphs with a positive clustering coefficient, we examine statistical dependence between the (local) clustering coefficient and the degree. Our results are mathematically rigorous. They are consistent with the empirical observation of Foudalis et al. [In...
Some Intersections and Identifications in Integral Group Rings
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Ram Karan; Deepak Kumar
2002-05-01
Let be the integral group ring of a group and () its augmentation ideal. For a free group and a normal subgroup of , the intersection $I^{n+1}(F) \\cap I^n(R)$ is determined for all ≥ 1. The subgroups $F \\cap (1+ZFI(R)I(F)I(S))$ and $F \\cap (1+I(R)I^3(F))$ of are identified when and are arbitrary subgroups of .
Fuels Performance: Navigating the Intersection of Fuels and Combustion (Brochure)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
2014-12-01
Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the only national laboratory dedicated 100% to renewable energy and energy efficiency, recognize that engine and infrastructure compatibility can make or break the impact of even the most promising fuel. NREL and its industry partners navigate the intersection of fuel chemistry, ignition kinetics, combustion, and emissions, with innovative approaches to engines and fuels that meet drivers' expectations, while minimizing petroleum use and GHGs.
Policy effects on class-gender employment intersections
Cooke, Lynn Prince
2009-01-01
This project explored how the sociopolitical context maps current class-gender intersections in relative employment equality in Australia, East and West Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The countries were selected based on their diverse policy equality logics codified in initial welfare state provisions. Pooled and individual-country analyses of wave 5.2 of the Luxembourg Income Study revealed gender differences in the impact of individual factors on work hours and w...
Coupled G-Mode Intersections and Solar-Cycle Variability
Juckett, David A.
2010-03-01
Wolff ( Astrophys. J. 193, 721, 1974) introduced the concept of g-mode coupling within the solar interior. Subsequently, Wolff developed a more quantitative model invoking a reciprocal interaction between coupled g modes and burning in the solar core. Coupling is proposed to occur for constant values of the spherical harmonic degree [ ℓ] creating rigidly rotating structures denoted as sets( ℓ). Power would be concentrated near the core and the top of radiative zone [RZ] in narrow intervals of longitude on opposite sides of the Sun. Sets( ℓ) would migrate retrograde in the RZ as function of ℓ and their intersections would deposit extra energy at the top of the RZ. It is proposed that this enhances sunspot eruptions at particular longitudes and at regular time intervals. Juckett and Wolff ( Solar Phys. 252, 247, 2008) detected this enhancement by viewing selected spherical harmonics of sunspot patterns within stackplots twisted into the relative rotational frames of various sets( ℓ). In subsequent work, the timings of the set( ℓ) intersections were compared to the sub-decadal variability of the sunspot cycle. Seventeen sub-decadal intersection frequencies (0.63 - 7.0 year) were synchronous with 17 frequencies in the sunspot time-series with a mean correlation of 0.96. Six additional non-11-year frequencies (periods of 8.0 to 28.7 year) are now shown to be nearly synchronous between sunspot variability and the model. Two additional intersections have the same frequency as the solar cycle itself and peak during the rising phase of the solar cycle. This may be partly responsible for cycle asymmetry. These results are evidence that some of the solar-cycle variability may be attributable to deterministic components that are intermixed with a broad-spectrum stochastic and long-term chaotic background.
Simulation of traffic flow at a signalised intersection
Foulaadvand, M. Ebrahim; Belbaasi, Sommayeh
2008-01-01
We have developed a Nagel-Schreckenberg cellular automata model for describing of vehicular traffic flow at a single intersection. A set of traffic lights operating either in fixed-time or traffic adaptive scheme controls the traffic flow. Closed boundary condition is applied to the streets each of which conduct a uni-directional flow. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations are carried out to find the model characteristics. In particular, we investigate the dependence of the flows on the signalisa...
A delayed flow intersection model for dynamic traffic assignment
DURLIN, T; HENN, V
2005-01-01
Day-to-Day and Within-Day dynamics are classically observed in dynamic traffic assignment, but smaller ones due to traffic lights phases also occur. These micro variations induce flow fluctuations defined at a cycle time scale. Their precise knowledge is irrelevant in a dynamic traffic assignment context. We propose to integrate these micro dynamics into a new intersection model without stages in which their average effects must be taken into account, especially delay and flow restriction ge...
Modeling and Simulation of Autonomous Intersection Management Protocols
El Kadi, Ayman
2015-01-01
The advent of autonomous vehicles enables the possibility for autonomous intersection management technologies, which should provide safe, collision-free crossing, while also reducing traffic delays compared to traffic lights or stop signs. This delay reduction is the product of algorithms and communication protocols that make use of increased precision of autonomous vehicles as opposed to human drivers, allowing vehicles to make split-second decisions on their speed while crossing an intersec...
An Intersecting Cortical Model Based Framework for Human Face Recognition
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ahmed G. Mahgoub
2008-04-01
Full Text Available This paper introduces a novel method for human face recognition based on a simplified approach for the Pulse Coupled Neural Network (PCNN Algorithm. The face image is introduced to the Intersecting Cortical Model (ICM to be iterated 200 times, and then the time signals for the faces are compared to make a decision. Experimental results for human face recognition confirm that the proposed method lends itself to higher classification accuracy relative to existing techniques.
An Intersecting Cortical Model Based Framework for Human Face Recognition
Ahmed G. Mahgoub; Amira A. Ebeid; Hossam-El-Deen M. Abdel-Baky; El-Sayed A. El-Badawy
2008-01-01
This paper introduces a novel method for human face recognition based on a simplified approach for the Pulse Coupled Neural Network (PCNN) Algorithm. The face image is introduced to the Intersecting Cortical Model (ICM) to be iterated 200 times, and then the time signals for the faces are compared to make a decision. Experimental results for human face recognition confirm that the proposed method lends itself to higher classification accuracy relative to existing techniques.
Crash Risk Reduction at Signalized Intersections Using Longitudinal Data
Mark L. Burkey; Obeng, Kofi
2005-01-01
This study extends the previous work of Burkey and Obeng (2004) that examined the impact of red light cameras on the type and severity of crashes at signalized intersections in Greensboro, NC. The extension takes the following form. First, we extend the data to cover 57 months, and to include demographics, technology variables, the condition of a driver at the time of the crash, vehicle characteristics, land use and visual obstruction. Second, instead of examining the impact of re...
Natural gas: intersection of men, techniques and markets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The 113. gas conference has held in Paris between the 10. to 13. September 1996. Its topic was ''the natural gas: intersection of men, techniques and markets''. Jean-Michel Laupretre, chairman of the technical association of the gas industry in France (TAG), in his opening allocution and Hans Rasmusen, chairman of the international Union of gas industry, in his Union message have stressed on the actuality of such a subject. (O.M.)
What is difficult at intersections? Virtual and real driving
Vollrath, Mark; Rataj, Jürgen
2006-01-01
One important source of drivers’ errors is a high level of stress which may hinder the perception and processing of relevant information. In a real-driving study the visibility within the traffic situation was shown to be a major factor increasing stress. A driving simulator study with a systematic variation of visibility found that only an obstructed view of possibly dangerous vehicles increases stress. This knowledge can be used for future intersection ADAS specifically designed to reduce s...
Positive Psychology and old age Psychology. Theoretical Intersections
Enrique Lombardo
2015-01-01
This article is a theoretical review of developments and research of the posi- tive psychology and of the psychology of aging. Some concepts that are in that intersection are: psychic capital, strengths, psychological wellbeing and emo- tional regulation. In all the cases they are positive psychic factors associated to the successful aging. Since the end of the 20th century, within the psychology of aging has been developing and achieved fundamental transformations in term of theoretical base...
A note on uniform intersecting families with maximum transversal size
Tripathi, Amit
2014-01-01
We construct an intersecting $k$-family of transversal size $\\lceil \\frac{k+1}{2} \\rceil$ and length $k+1$ and study some of its properties. We use this family to prove that $q(4) = 9$. We also construct a $k$-family for $k = 2^m - 1$ of length $2k+1$ and transversal size at least $(2k+1)/3$.
Modular symmetry in magnetized/intersecting D-brane models
Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Uemura, Shohei
2016-01-01
We study the modular symmetry in four-dimensional low-energy effective field theory, which is derived from type IIB magnetized D-brane models and type IIA intersecting D-brane models. We analyze modular symmetric behaviors of perturbative terms and non-perturbative terms induced by D-brane instanton effects. Anomalies are also investigated and such an analysis on anomalies suggests corrections in effective field theory.
Bioequivalence trials, intersection-union tests and equivalence confidence sets
Berger, Roger L.; Jason C Hsu
1996-01-01
The bioequivalence problem is of practical importance because the approval of most generic drugs in the United States and the European Community (EC) requires the establishment of bioequivalence between the brand-name drug and the proposed generic version. The problem is theoretically interesting because it has been recognized as one for which the desired inference, instead of the usual significant difference, is practical equivalence. The concept of intersection-union tests will be shown to ...
Imploded test-chamber for an ISR intersection
1977-01-01
At the ISR intersection points the vacuum chambers had to be as "transparent" as possible, for the p-p collision product particles to reach the detectors with minimum hindrance. This meant the choice of a light, yet very strong, metal; minimum thickness; and corrugation for mechanical strength. The test-chamber seen here was made of 0.6 mm thick corrugated titanium, obviously not strong enough to withstand the atmospheric pressure.
ADAPTATION TO VARIABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE: INTERSECTIONS WITH RISK MANAGEMENET
MAURICIO QUINTERO-ANGEL; PAULINA ALDUNCE; YESID CARVAJAL-ESCOBAR
2012-01-01
Given the increase in the frequency of extreme hydro-meteorological events associated with climate variability and/or climate change, and to the increased vulnerability of human societies before those hazards, a higher interest in reducing greenhouse gases by the scientific community appears. This article highlights the importance of adaptation for disaster risk reduction associated with the weather, the climate and their intersections with risk management. It is concluded that adaptation ...
Gender inequalities at the intersection of discriminatory mecha-nisms
Alina Hurubean
2012-01-01
The text aims to present less visible facet of discrimination by identifying social and cultural mechanisms that generate and maintain multiple forms of discrimination, the intersection of which gender has a central position, because he combine with all other criteria of discrimination (race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, social class, age, disability), multiplying the effect of discriminatory behavior. This paper highlights the gender inequalities, the disparities between women and men, ...
Variations in carbon emissions from vehicles at signalised intersections
Ing, Koh
2011-01-01
Carbon emissions from road transport make up 20% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in the UK. Therefore, reducing carbon emissions from road transport is significant in reaching carbon reduction targets. In urban areas where signal controlled intersections are common, carbon emissions from vehicular traffic can be aggravated by aggressive driving and interruptions induced by traffic control. Considerable variations in speed and acceleration profiles could be observed between high carbon a...
Feature curve extraction from point clouds via developable strip intersection
Kai Wah Lee; Pengbo Bo
2016-01-01
In this paper, we study the problem of computing smooth feature curves from CAD type point clouds models. The proposed method reconstructs feature curves from the intersections of developable strip pairs which approximate the regions along both sides of the features. The generation of developable surfaces is based on a linear approximation of the given point cloud through a variational shape approximation approach. A line segment sequencing algorithm is proposed for collecting feature line se...
Matroid intersection, base packing and base covering for infinite matroids
Bowler, Nathan; Carmesin, Johannes
2012-01-01
As part of the recent developments in infinite matroid theory, there have been a number of conjectures about how standard theorems of finite matroid theory might extend to the infinite setting. These include base packing, base covering, and matroid intersection and union. We show that several of these conjectures are equivalent, so that each gives a perspective on the same central problem of infinite matroid theory. For finite matroids, these equivalences give new and simpler proofs for the f...
Self-organizing traffic lights at multiple-street intersections
Gershenson, Carlos; Rosenblueth, David A.
2011-01-01
Summary: Traffic light coordination is a complex problem. In this paper, we extend previous work on an abstract model of city traffic to allow for multiple street intersections. We test a self-organizing method in our model, showing that it is close to theoretical optima and superior to a traditional method of traffic light coordination. Abstract: The elementary cellular automaton following rule 184 can mimic particles flowing in one direction at a constant speed. This automaton can therefore...
Simulation of traffic flow at a signalised intersection
Foulaadvand, M Ebrahim
2008-01-01
We have developed a Nagel-Schreckenberg cellular automata model for describing of vehicular traffic flow at a single intersection. A set of traffic lights operating either in fixed-time or traffic adaptive scheme controls the traffic flow. Closed boundary condition is applied to the streets each of which conduct a uni-directional flow. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations are carried out to find the model characteristics. In particular, we investigate the dependence of the flows on the signalisation parameters.
Study on pedestrian crossing behavior at signalized intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marisamynathan
2014-04-01
Full Text Available A clear understanding of pedestrian crossing behavior under mixed traffic conditions is needed for providing necessary infrastructure and also for enhancing pedestrian safety at signalized intersections. This paper attempts to analyze the crossing behavior of pedestrians like crossing speed, compliance with signal, and pedestrian-vehicular interaction under mixed traffic conditions and to identify the influencing factors based on statistical tests. 775 pedestrian samples were observed from three signalized intersections in Mumbai, India for analyzing crossing behaviors and the significant factors affecting traffic signal compliance by pedestrians were identified by conducting Pearson’s correlation coefficient test, ANOVA test, and Student t test. Factors influencing pedestrian crossing speed had been studied and a design crossing speed had been determined for old and adult pedestrians at 0.95 m/s and 1.12 m/s respectively. Logistic regression models had been developed in which the odds of pedestrian violation and interactions were modeled and verified. This study can help researchers and practitioners to understand pedestrian crossing behavior at signalized intersections and develop pedestrian delay models under mixed traffic conditions.
A New Data Layout For Set Intersection on GPUs
Amossen, Rasmus Resen
2011-01-01
Set intersection is the core in a variety of problems, e.g. frequent itemset mining and sparse boolean matrix multiplication. It is well-known that large speed gains can, for some computational problems, be obtained by using a graphics processing unit (GPU) as a massively parallel computing device. However, GPUs require highly regular control flow and memory access patterns, and for this reason previous GPU methods for intersecting sets have used a simple bitmap representation. This representation requires excessive space on sparse data sets. In this paper we present a novel data layout, "BatMap", that is particularly well suited for parallel processing, and is compact even for sparse data. Frequent itemset mining is one of the most important applications of set intersection. As a case-study on the potential of BatMaps we focus on frequent pair mining, which is a core special case of frequent itemset mining. The main finding is that our method is able to achieve speedups over both Apriori and FP-growth when t...
Failure at Frame-Stringer Intersections in PRSEUS Panels
Jegley, Dawn C.
2012-01-01
NASA, the Air Force Research Laboratory and The Boeing Company have worked to develop new low-cost, light-weight composite structures for aircraft. A Pultruded Rod Stitched Efficient Unitized Structure (PRSEUS) concept has been developed which offers advantages over traditional metallic structures. In this concept a stitched carbon-epoxy material system has been developed with the potential for reducing the weight and cost of transport aircraft structure by eliminating fasteners, thereby reducing part count and labor. By adding unidirectional carbon rods to the top of stiffeners, the panel becomes more structurally efficient. This combination produces a more damage tolerant design. This study focuses on the intersection between the rod-stiffener and the foam-filled frame in a PRSEUS specimen. Compression loading is considered, which induces stress concentrations at the intersection point that can lead to failures. An experiment with accompanying analysis for a single-frame specimen is described, followed by a parametric study of simple reinforcements to reduce strains in the intersection region.
Stresses at the intersection of two cylindrical shells
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The stress analysis based on the theory of a thin shell is carried out for two normally intersecting cylindrical shells with a large diameter ratio. Instead of the Donnell shallow shell equation, the modified Morley equation, which is applicable to ρ0(R/T)1/2XXXX1, is used for the analysis of the shell with cut-out. The solution in terms of displacement function for the nozzle with a non-planar end is based on the Love equation. The boundary forces and displacements at the intersection are all transformed from Gaussian coordinates (α,β) on the shell, or Gaussian coordinates (ζ,θ) on the nozzle into three-dimensional cylindrical coordinates (ρ,θ,z). Their expressions on the intersecting curve are periodic functions of θ and expanded in Fourier series. Every harmonics of Fourier coefficients of boundary forces and displacements are obtained by numerical quadrature.The results obtained are in agreement with those from the finite element method and experiments for d/D≤0.8. ((orig.))
Ranking the types of intersections for assessing the safety of pedestrians using TOPSIS method
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Călin ŞERBU
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Every year, more than 1500 accidents with pedestrian occur in the intersections in Romania. The number of accidents involving pedestrians in roundabouts intersections type increased approximately three times in 2013 compared to 2009 in Romania. This alarming increase led to the need of assessing the safety of pedestrians in intersections with or without safety systems. The safety systems for pedestrians and drivers include: the road marking, the pedestrian crossings marking, signal intersections with road signs, traffic lights or pedestrian safety barriers. We propose to assess the types of intersections with TOPSIS method.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Graphical abstract: The effect of high-dimensional environments on conical intersections can be described by hierarchies of approximate spectral densities, which translate to truncated effective-mode chains in the time domain. Abstract: A recently developed effective-mode representation is employed to characterize the influence of a multi-dimensional environment on the S2-S1 conical intersection in pyrazine, taken as a paradigm case of high-dimensional dynamics at a conical intersection. We consider a simplified model by which four modes are strongly coupled to the electronic subsystem while a number of weakly coupled tuning modes, inducing energy gap fluctuations, are sampled from a spectral density. The latter is approximated by a series of simplified spectral densities which can be cast into a continued-fraction form, as previously demonstrated in Hughes et al. (K.H. Hughes, C.D. Christ, I. Burghardt, J. Chem. Phys. 131 (2009) 124108). In the time domain, the hierarchy of spectral densities translates to truncated effective-mode chains with a Markovian or quasi-Markovian (Rubin type) closure. A sequential deconvolution procedure is employed to generate this chain representation. The implications for the ultrafast dynamics and its representation in terms of reduced-dimensional models are discussed.
Moving, sensing intersectionality: a case study of Miss China Europe.
Chow, Yiu Fai
2011-01-01
Every year, Miss China Europe, a transnational beauty pageant organized for the Chinese diaspora, is held in the Netherlands. The hypervisuality of Chinese diasporic women at the event stands in painful contrast to their everyday invisibility, whether in the Netherlands, China, or elsewhere in the world. Informed by intersectional and transnational feminist scholarship, this empirical study zooms in on one group of women, ethnic Chinese born and/or growing up in the Netherlands, to identify and recuperate their neglected lived experience in a particular historical-cultural context. It takes their own voices as central, hopefully to contribute to their visibility. It aims to provide an understanding of diasporic Chinese women as living in the dynamics not only of their multiple subordinations but also of their subjective consciousness, experienced autonomy, and agency. Drawing insights from the subjective accounts of both contestants and audiences of Miss China Europe, I suggest that one way to foreground marginalized women's agency is to understand their intersectionality in terms of movements and sensory experiences. On the one hand, while the contestants articulated a readiness to perform their modern and yet Chinese selves, they were making movements along two intersecting axes of inequality and power relations - Chineseness and Dutchness - precisely to negotiate their sense of inequality and power relations. On the other hand, among the audiences, two major topics - the blood issue (or whether Chineseness should be defined by ancestry) and the language problem (or whether Chineseness should be defined by the ability to speak Chinese) - were raised regularly, underscoring a complex viewing experience of seeing and hearing, of the tension between visual and audio identifications. PMID:21114082
Evaluation of Intersection Traffic Control Measures through Simulation
Asaithambi, Gowri; Sivanandan, R.
2015-12-01
Modeling traffic flow is stochastic in nature due to randomness in variables such as vehicle arrivals and speeds. Due to this and due to complex vehicular interactions and their manoeuvres, it is extremely difficult to model the traffic flow through analytical methods. To study this type of complex traffic system and vehicle interactions, simulation is considered as an effective tool. Application of homogeneous traffic models to heterogeneous traffic may not be able to capture the complex manoeuvres and interactions in such flows. Hence, a microscopic simulation model for heterogeneous traffic is developed using object oriented concepts. This simulation model acts as a tool for evaluating various control measures at signalized intersections. The present study focuses on the evaluation of Right Turn Lane (RTL) and Channelised Left Turn Lane (CLTL). A sensitivity analysis was performed to evaluate RTL and CLTL by varying the approach volumes, turn proportions and turn lane lengths. RTL is found to be advantageous only up to certain approach volumes and right-turn proportions, beyond which it is counter-productive. CLTL is found to be advantageous for lower approach volumes for all turn proportions, signifying the benefits of CLTL. It is counter-productive for higher approach volume and lower turn proportions. This study pinpoints the break-even points for various scenarios. The developed simulation model can be used as an appropriate intersection lane control tool for enhancing the efficiency of flow at intersections. This model can also be employed for scenario analysis and can be valuable to field traffic engineers in implementing vehicle-type based and lane-based traffic control measures.
Mixed Vehicle Flow At Signalized Intersection: Markov Chain Analysis
Gertsbakh Ilya B.
2015-01-01
We assume that a Poisson flow of vehicles arrives at isolated signalized intersection, and each vehicle, independently of others, represents a random number X of passenger car units (PCU’s). We analyze numerically the stationary distribution of the queue process {Zn}, where Zn is the number of PCU’s in a queue at the beginning of the n-th red phase, n → ∞. We approximate the number Yn of PCU’s arriving during one red-green cycle by a two-parameter Negative Binomial Distribution (NBD). The wel...
Securing Biometric Templates Where Similarity Is Measured with Set Intersection
Socek, Daniel; Božović, Vladimir; Ćulibrk, Dubravko
A novel scheme for securing biometric templates of variable size and order is proposed. The proposed scheme is based on a new similarity measure approach, namely the set intersection, which strongly resembles the methodology used in most of the current state-of-the-art biometrics matching systems. The applicability of the new scheme is compared with that of the existing principal schemes, and it is shown that the new scheme has definite advantages over the existing approaches. The proposed scheme is analyzed both in terms of security and performance.
Gendered and intersecting practices of boasting in the neoliberal university
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lund, Rebecca
2016-01-01
Academia is changing. These changes are characterized by higher educational reforms, encouraged by the OECD and the EU, that involve the transfer of managerial practices and accounting logics to increase the efficiency and quality of higher education and academic knowledge production. This article...... investigating these practices I draw on Institutional Ethnography (Dorothy Smith 2005) – a method of inquiry and a theorised practice for discovering how the social is coordinated. Institutional Ethnography enables me to analyse complex intersecting practices and show how culturally and situationally specific...
Crack growth from defects in tee intersections and nkzzles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The general objective of the research summarized in this report was to investigate the application of the continuous monitoring immersion technique to curved surfaces. In particular, experiments were carried out on pipe sections to assess the accuracy of the immersion technique for curved surfaces, followed by a design study of its application to monitoring defects in the crotch of tee pipe intersections. It was concluded that an immersion ultrasonic technique based on the measurement of echo amplitude can be used to monitor the growth of a sawcut in a pipe at 2600C, but more effort is needed in time-domain studies
Wide-angle spectrometer at intersection I-2
1973-01-01
The members of the British-Scandinavian ISR Collaboration "manning the rails" of the wide-angle spectrometer at intersection I-2, whose vacuum chamber is visible to theleft. The equipment of this high-momentum version of experiment R203 consists of scintillation counter hodoscopes, wire spark chambers, and spherical high-pressure threshold Cerenkov counters before and after an analysing magnet. The equipment is mounted on a movable platform. The smaller magnet suspended above the spectrometer measures the momentum of cosmic rays.
Applications of Convex Analysis to the Smallest Intersecting Ball Problem
Nam, Nguyen Mau; Salinas, Juan
2011-01-01
The smallest enclosing circle problem asks for the circle of smallest radius enclosing a given set of finite points on the plane. This problem was introduced in the 19th century by Sylvester [17]. After more than a century, the problem remains very active. This paper is the continuation of our effort in shedding new light to classical geometry problems using advanced tools of convex analysis and optimization. We propose and study the following generalized version of the smallest enclosing circle problem: given a finite number of nonempty closed convex sets in a reflexive Banach space, find a ball with the smallest radius that intersects all of the sets.
Center of Intersection Graph of Fuzzy Submodules of Modules
Kukil Kalpa Rajkhowa; Helen K. Saikia
2015-01-01
In this paper, we discuss the graphical aspects of fuzzy algebra. Let M be an R−module with zero element θ and F(M) be collection of all fuzzy submodules of M. The intersection graph of F(M) is an undirected graph G with vertex set as F(M) and two vertices α and β are adjacent if and only if α∩β≠χθ, where χθ is the characteristic function on θ. We find the girth of G and also study some properties of center of G−χθ.
Center of Intersection Graph of Fuzzy Submodules of Modules
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kukil Kalpa Rajkhowa
2015-03-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss the graphical aspects of fuzzy algebra. Let M be an R−module with zero element θ and F(M be collection of all fuzzy submodules of M. The intersection graph of F(M is an undirected graph G with vertex set as F(M and two vertices α and β are adjacent if and only if α∩β≠χθ, where χθ is the characteristic function on θ. We find the girth of G and also study some properties of center of G−χθ.
Stability of distributed MPC in an intersection scenario
Sprodowski, T.; Pannek, J.
2015-11-01
The research topic of autonomous cars and the communication among them has attained much attention in the last years and is developing quickly. Among others, this research area spans fields such as image recognition, mathematical control theory, communication networks, and sensor fusion. We consider an intersection scenario where we divide the shared road space in different cells. These cells form a grid. The cars are modelled as an autonomous multi-agent system based on the Distributed Model Predictive Control algorithm (DMPC). We prove that the overall system reaches stability using Optimal Control for each multi-agent and demonstrate that by numerical results.
Vehicular headways on signalized intersections: theory, models, and reality
Krbálek, Milan; Šleis, Jiří
2015-01-01
We discuss statistical properties of vehicular headways measured on signalized crossroads. On the basis of mathematical approaches, we formulate theoretical and empirically inspired criteria for the acceptability of theoretical headway distributions. Sequentially, the multifarious families of statistical distributions (commonly used to fit real-road headway statistics) are confronted with these criteria, and with original empirical time clearances gauged among neighboring vehicles leaving signal-controlled crossroads after a green signal appears. Using three different numerical schemes, we demonstrate that an arrangement of vehicles on an intersection is a consequence of the general stochastic nature of queueing systems, rather than a consequence of traffic rules, driver estimation processes, or decision-making procedures.
Carbado, Asmara Gabrielle
2012-01-01
This thesis employs the theory of intersectionality to broaden our understanding of the social construction of race. To do so, the thesis explicates a 1806 Virginia Supreme Court decision, Hudgins v. Wright, to illustrate how race is intersectionally constituted. I employ the term "intra-categorical intersectionality" to describe this dynamic. By intra-categorical intersectionality I mean to the process by which a number of factors intersect to construct race. First, the thesis discusses ...
Novel Intersection Type Recognition for Autonomous Vehicles Using a Multi-Layer Laser Scanner.
An, Jhonghyun; Choi, Baehoon; Sim, Kwee-Bo; Kim, Euntai
2016-01-01
There are several types of intersections such as merge-roads, diverge-roads, plus-shape intersections and two types of T-shape junctions in urban roads. When an autonomous vehicle encounters new intersections, it is crucial to recognize the types of intersections for safe navigation. In this paper, a novel intersection type recognition method is proposed for an autonomous vehicle using a multi-layer laser scanner. The proposed method consists of two steps: (1) static local coordinate occupancy grid map (SLOGM) building and (2) intersection classification. In the first step, the SLOGM is built relative to the local coordinate using the dynamic binary Bayes filter. In the second step, the SLOGM is used as an attribute for the classification. The proposed method is applied to a real-world environment and its validity is demonstrated through experimentation. PMID:27447640
Characteristics of traffic flow at nonsignalized T-shaped intersection with U-turn movements.
Fan, Hong-Qiang; Jia, Bin; Li, Xin-Gang; Tian, Jun-Fang; Yan, Xue-Dong
2013-01-01
Most nonsignalized T-shaped intersections permit U-turn movements, which make the traffic conditions of intersection complex. In this paper, a new cellular automaton (CA) model is proposed to characterize the traffic flow at the intersection of this type. In present CA model, new rules are designed to avoid the conflicts among different directional vehicles and eliminate the gridlock. Two kinds of performance measures (i.e., flux and average control delay) for intersection are compared. The impacts of U-turn movements are analyzed under different initial conditions. Simulation results demonstrate that (i) the average control delay is more practical than flux in measuring the performance of intersection, (ii) U-turn movements increase the range and degree of high congestion, and (iii) U-turn movements on the different direction of main road have asymmetrical influences on the traffic conditions of intersection. PMID:23710152
Novel Intersection Type Recognition for Autonomous Vehicles Using a Multi-Layer Laser Scanner
An, Jhonghyun; Choi, Baehoon; Sim, Kwee-Bo; Kim, Euntai
2016-01-01
There are several types of intersections such as merge-roads, diverge-roads, plus-shape intersections and two types of T-shape junctions in urban roads. When an autonomous vehicle encounters new intersections, it is crucial to recognize the types of intersections for safe navigation. In this paper, a novel intersection type recognition method is proposed for an autonomous vehicle using a multi-layer laser scanner. The proposed method consists of two steps: (1) static local coordinate occupancy grid map (SLOGM) building and (2) intersection classification. In the first step, the SLOGM is built relative to the local coordinate using the dynamic binary Bayes filter. In the second step, the SLOGM is used as an attribute for the classification. The proposed method is applied to a real-world environment and its validity is demonstrated through experimentation. PMID:27447640
Fault intersections along the Hosgri Fault Zone, Central California
Watt, J. T.; Johnson, S. Y.; Langenheim, V. E.
2011-12-01
It is well-established that stresses concentrate at fault intersections or bends when subjected to tectonic loading, making focused studies of these areas particularly important for seismic hazard analysis. In addition, detailed fault models can be used to investigate how slip on one fault might transfer to another during an earthquake. We combine potential-field, high-resolution seismic-reflection, and multibeam bathymetry data with existing geologic and seismicity data to investigate the fault geometry and connectivity of the Hosgri, Los Osos, and Shoreline faults offshore of San Luis Obispo, California. The intersection of the Hosgri and Los Osos faults in Estero Bay is complex. The offshore extension of the Los Osos fault, as imaged with multibeam and high-resolution seismic data, is characterized by a west-northwest-trending zone (1-3 km wide) of near vertical faulting. Three distinct strands (northern, central, and southern) are visible on shallow seismic reflection profiles. The steep dip combined with dramatic changes in reflection character across mapped faults within this zone suggests horizontal offset of rock units and argues for predominantly strike-slip motion, however, the present orientation of the fault zone suggests oblique slip. As the Los Osos fault zone approaches the Hosgri fault, the northern and central strands become progressively more northwest-trending in line with the Hosgri fault. The northern strand runs subparallel to the Hosgri fault along the edge of a long-wavelength magnetic anomaly, intersecting the Hosgri fault southwest of Point Estero. Geophysical modeling suggests the northern strand dips 70° to the northeast, which is in agreement with earthquake focal mechanisms that parallel this strand. The central strand bends northward and intersects the Hosgri fault directly west of Morro Rock, corresponding to an area of compressional deformation visible in shallow seismic-reflection profiles. The southern strand of the Los Osos
Coloring intersection graphs of x-monotone curves in the plane
Suk, Andrew
2012-01-01
A class of graphs G is \\chi-bounded if the chromatic number of the graphs in G is bounded by some function of their clique number. We show that the class of intersection graphs of simple x-monotone curves in the plane intersecting a vertical line is \\chi-bounded. As a corollary, the class of intersection graphs of rays in the plane is \\chi-bounded.
Sexual Violence, Race and Media (In)Visibility: Intersectional Complexities in a Transnational Frame
Vrushali Patil; Bandana Purkayastha
2015-01-01
Intersectional scholarship argues that women of color have distinct experiences of rape compared to white women and highlights their relative invisibility as victims compared to white women victims in news media. While the bulk of intersectional work has examined such issues within one nation and particularly within the US, in an era of increasingly transnationalized media content, we explore such intersectionalities in a transnational frame. That is, we explore the treatment of the rape of a...
Strict Concavity of the Half Plane Intersection Exponent for Planar Brownian Motion
Lawler, Gregory
2000-01-01
The intersection exponents for planar Brownian motion measure the exponential decay of probabilities of nonintersection of paths. We study the intersection exponent $\\xi(\\lambda_1,\\lambda_2)$ for Brownian motion restricted to a half plane which by conformal invariance is the same as Brownian motion restricted to an infinite strip. We show that $\\xi$ is a strictly concave function. This result is used in another paper to establish a universality result for conformally invariant intersection ex...
Assessing the Impacts of Pavement Surface Condition on the Performance of Signalized Intersections
Hussein, Nasreen A.; Hassan, Rayya A.; Evans, Robert
2015-01-01
Signalized intersections are one of the most dangerous places on the road network as they carry a very high crash risk. This may be exacerbated by inadequate pavement surface condition. The main objective of this study was to assess the effect of pavement surface condition (in terms of skid resistance, roughness and rutting) at intersections and approaches on users' safety. In particular, this paper studied the change in crash frequency for numerous signalized intersections before and after s...
Intersectional Plays of Identity: The Experiences of British Asian Female Footballers
Aarti Ratna
2013-01-01
Debates regarding intersectionality have been widely held in the U.K. and elsewhere for over a decade. However, the value of intersectionality has been questioned as researchers struggle to analyse intersectionality-in-practice. That is, how and why social identities connect in the ways that they do in the everyday lives of women and men. In this paper I argue that the concepts of 'performativity' and 'ontological complicity' offer a useful way of exploring the articulation of identities. I s...
A study of the reaction pp→p(nπ+) at the CERN intersecting storage rings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
New results are presented on the diffraction dissociation of protons into (nπ+) systems at the CERN intersecting storage rings. The data were taken at the centre of mass energy √s=45GeV and a very high statistics of events (nearly 75,000) was obtained. The experiment was performed at the Split Field Magnet whose description is made as well as that of the special neutron devices and of the trigger logic. The software chain (pattern recognition, geometrical reconstruction and kinematical fitting) is also described. A particular emphasis is put on the four-dimensional acceptance correction applied to the events. Phenomenological comments are given on two different but complementary approaches: the impact parameter description in the s-channel and the Deck model. The physics results are shown with in particular, detailed studies for the five following variables: the momentum transfer from proton to proton, the (nπ+) invariant mass, the Jackson angles of this system and the momentum transfer from proton to neutron. A comparison with the pion-exchange Deck model is performed, showing a qualitative agreement with the data. Several experiments at a lower energy are also compared: on the average, there is little evolution with energy
Extraction of Ice Sheet Layers from Two Intersected Radar Echograms Near Neem Ice Core in Greenland
Xiong, S.; Muller, J.-P.
2016-06-01
Accumulation of snow and ice over time result in ice sheet layers. These can be remotely sensed where there is a contrast in electromagnetic properties, which reflect variations of the ice density, acidity and fabric orientation. Internal ice layers are assumed to be isochronous, deep beneath the ice surface, and parallel to the direction of ice flow. The distribution of internal layers is related to ice sheet dynamics, such as the basal melt rate, basal elevation variation and changes in ice flow mode, which are important parameters to model the ice sheet. Radar echo sounder is an effective instrument used to study the sedimentology of the Earth and planets. Ice Penetrating Radar (IPR) is specific kind of radar echo sounder, which extends studies of ice sheets from surface to subsurface to deep internal ice sheets depending on the frequency utilised. In this study, we examine a study site where folded ice occurs in the internal ice sheet south of the North Greenland Eemian ice drilling (NEEM) station, where two intersected radar echograms acquired by the Multi-channel Coherent Radar Depth Sounder (MCoRDS) employed in the NASA's Operation IceBridge (OIB) mission imaged this folded ice. We propose a slice processing flow based on a Radon Transform to trace and extract these two sets of curved ice sheet layers, which can then be viewed in 3-D, demonstrating the 3-D structure of the ice folds.
Evaluation of Deployment Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks at Signalized Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Leyre Azpilicueta
2016-07-01
Full Text Available With the growing demand of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS for safer and more efficient transportation, research on and development of such vehicular communication systems have increased considerably in the last years. The use of wireless networks in vehicular environments has grown exponentially. However, it is highly important to analyze radio propagation prior to the deployment of a wireless sensor network in such complex scenarios. In this work, the radio wave characterization for ISM 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs deployed taking advantage of the existence of traffic light infrastructure has been assessed. By means of an in-house developed 3D ray launching algorithm, the impact of topology as well as urban morphology of the environment has been analyzed, emulating the realistic operation in the framework of the scenario. The complexity of the scenario, which is an intersection city area with traffic lights, vehicles, people, buildings, vegetation and urban environment, makes necessary the channel characterization with accurate models before the deployment of wireless networks. A measurement campaign has been conducted emulating the interaction of the system, in the vicinity of pedestrians as well as nearby vehicles. A real time interactive application has been developed and tested in order to visualize and monitor traffic as well as pedestrian user location and behavior. Results show that the use of deterministic tools in WSN deployment can aid in providing optimal layouts in terms of coverage, capacity and energy efficiency of the network.
Evaluation of Deployment Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks at Signalized Intersections.
Azpilicueta, Leyre; López-Iturri, Peio; Aguirre, Erik; Martínez, Carlos; Astrain, José Javier; Villadangos, Jesús; Falcone, Francisco
2016-01-01
With the growing demand of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) for safer and more efficient transportation, research on and development of such vehicular communication systems have increased considerably in the last years. The use of wireless networks in vehicular environments has grown exponentially. However, it is highly important to analyze radio propagation prior to the deployment of a wireless sensor network in such complex scenarios. In this work, the radio wave characterization for ISM 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) deployed taking advantage of the existence of traffic light infrastructure has been assessed. By means of an in-house developed 3D ray launching algorithm, the impact of topology as well as urban morphology of the environment has been analyzed, emulating the realistic operation in the framework of the scenario. The complexity of the scenario, which is an intersection city area with traffic lights, vehicles, people, buildings, vegetation and urban environment, makes necessary the channel characterization with accurate models before the deployment of wireless networks. A measurement campaign has been conducted emulating the interaction of the system, in the vicinity of pedestrians as well as nearby vehicles. A real time interactive application has been developed and tested in order to visualize and monitor traffic as well as pedestrian user location and behavior. Results show that the use of deterministic tools in WSN deployment can aid in providing optimal layouts in terms of coverage, capacity and energy efficiency of the network. PMID:27455270
Photochemistry of the 1,4-Diphenyl-1,3-butadienes in Ethanol. Trapping Conical Intersections.
Saltiel, Jack; Redwood, Christopher E
2016-05-12
We report photoisomerization and photoaddition quantum yields in ethanol starting from each 1,4-diphenyl-1,3-butadiene, DPB, isomer. Despite the fact that the trans,trans isomer, tt-DPB, has a significant fluorescence quantum yield and lifetime, whereas no fluorescence is observed from the cis isomers, ether formation occurs with similar efficiency from tt-DPB and ct-DPB and less efficiently from cc-DPB. Photoaddition is about 72 times slower than photoisomerization to the ct- and tt-DPB isomers starting from tt- and ct-DPB, respectively. The results are consistent with addition of alcohol to the common zwitterionic trans-phenallyl cation/benzyl anion intermediate that leads to photoisomerization through a conical intersection. Ether formation from cc-DPB tracks inefficient formation of tt-DPB indicating that the small bicycle pedal cc-DPB → tt-DPB component proceeds stepwise through the same zwitterionic trans-phenallyl cation/benzyl anion intermediate. Previous results concerning the addition of methanol to the stilbenes are similarly interpreted. In contrast to trans-stilbene, the fluorescence and photoisomerization quantum yields of tt-DPB are inconsistent with the assumption of strict complementarity between radiative and torsional relaxation channels of tt-DPB in alcohols. PMID:27081783
A method of dealing polygon's self-intersection contour in SLA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GAO Yong-qiang; MO Jian-hua; HUANG Shu-huai
2007-01-01
The contour of the slices of SLA parts is composed of a great deal of small lines. When offsetting the contour to compensate for the radius of laser spot, many self-intersection contours come into being, which decrease the precision of formed parts. A new lemma to judge the local self-intersection contour and the global self-intersection contour separately is put forward, according to which self-intersection contour can be removed reliably. Meanwhile, a new beam offsetting algorithm for SLA parts is described, which brings about good results in the practical manufacturing process.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Halim CEYLAN
2007-02-01
Full Text Available This study develops approximate mathematical expressions for delay components at signalized intersections. Delay components are solved with the coordinate transformation method. The performance indicators for the signalized intersection are determined as an oversaturated and under saturated cases. During the analysis, the steady-state and the deterministic queuing theory are investigated first, and then time-dependent transformation is made. Developed model, called YHM, is applied to an example signalized intersection. Results are compared with the current situation and the Webster method. YHM is improved the intersection performance by about 500 % for this example. Moreover, signal parameters are significantly differs from the current and Webster signal control.
Boolean operations of STL models based on edge-facet intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
For the data processing of the Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing, Boolean operation can offer a versatile tool for editing or modifying the STL model, adding the artificial construction, and creating the complex assistant support structure to meet the special technical requests. The topological structure of STL models was built firstly in order to obtain the neighborhood relationship among the triangular facets. The intersection test between every edge of one solid and every facet of another solid Was taken to get the intersection points. According to the matching relationship of the triangle index recorded in the data structure of the intersection points, the intersection segments array and the intersection loop were traced out. Each intersected triangle was subdivided by the Constrained Delaunay Triangulations. The intersected surfaces were divided into several surface patches along the intersection loops. The inclusion prediction between the surface patch and the other solid was taken by testing whether the candidate point Was inside or outside the solid region of the slice. Detecting the loops for determination of the valid intersection lines greatly increases the efficiency and the reliability of the process.
Wu, Yu; Cheng, Tianhai; Zheng, Lijuan; Chen, Hao; Xu, Hui
2015-05-01
The optical properties of light absorbing soot aerosols generally change through interactions with weakly absorbing particles, resulting in complex mixing states, and have been highlighted as a major uncertainty in assessing their radiative forcing and climatic impact. The single scattering properties of soot aggregates partially embedded in the host sulfate particle (semi-embedded soot-containing mixtures) are investigated for two kinds of morphologies with intersecting and non-intersecting surfaces. The surfaces cannot be overlapped in the non-intersecting surface morphology, while the intersecting surface morphology is unconstrained. Based on the modified diffusion limited aggregation (DLA) algorithm, the models with non-intersecting surfaces are simulated and applied for the single scattering calculations of semi-embedded soot-containing mixtures using the superposition T-matrix (STM) method. For comparison, the models with intersecting surfaces are simulated with the same morphological parameters, but some soot monomers are intersected by the host sphere. Due to the limitation of current STM method, the optical properties of these models with intersecting surfaces are calculated using the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) method. The soot volume fractions outside sulfate host (Fs,out) are introduced and applied to characterize the mixing states of the soot-containing aerosols. These simulations show that the absorption cross-sections of those internally, deeply, half and slightly embedded mixed soot particles (Fs,out = 0.0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8) are ~105%, ~65%, ~43% and ~14% larger than the semi-external mixtures (Fs,out = 1.0), respectively. The results also indicate that the differences of extinction cross-sections, single scattering albedo (SSA) and asymmetry parameter (ASY) between simulations with intersecting and non-intersecting surfaces are small (<1%) for semi-embedded soot-containing mixtures with the same morphological parameters. Within the range of
Channel Networks on Large Fans: Refining Analogs for the Ridge-forming Unit, Sinus Meridiani
Wilkinson, Justin
2009-01-01
Stream channels are generally thought of as forming within confined valley settings, separated by interfluves. Sinuous ridges on Mars and Earth are often interpreted as stream channels inverted by subsequent erosion of valley sides. In the case of the ridge-forming unit (RFU), this interpretation fails to explain the (i) close spacing of the ridges, which are (ii) organized in networks, and which (iii) cover large areas (approximately 175,000 km (exp 2)). Channel networks on terrestrial fans develop unconfined by valley slopes. Large fans (100s km long) are low-angle, fluvial features, documented worldwide, with characteristics that address these aspects of the RFU. Ridge patterns Channels on large fans provide an analog for the sinuous and elongated morphology of RFU ridges, but more especially for other patterns such as subparallel, branching and crossing networks. Branches are related to splays (delta-like distributaries are rare), whose channels can rejoin the main channel. Crossing patterns can be caused by even slight sinuosity splay-related side channels often intersect. An avulsion node distant from the fan apex, gives rise to channels with slightly different, and hence intersecting, orientations. Channels on neighboring fans intersect along the common fan margin. 2. Network density Channels are the dominant feature on large terrestrial fans (lakes and dune fields are minor). Inverted landscapes on subsequently eroded fans thus display indurated channels as networks of significantly close-spaced ridges. 3. Channel networks covering large areas Areas of individual large terrestrial fans can reach >200,000 km 2 (105-6 km 2 with nested fans), providing an analog for the wide area distribution of the RFU.
Rinaldo, Andrea; Rodriguez-Iturbe, Ignacio; Rigon, Riccardo
This review proceeds from Luna Leopold's and Ronald Shreve's lasting accomplishments dealing with the study of random-walk and topologically random channel networks. According to the random perspective, which has had a profound influence on the interpretation of natural landforms, nature's resiliency in producing recurrent networks and landforms was interpreted to be the consequence of chance. In fact, central to models of topologically random networks is the assumption of equal likelihood of any tree-like configuration. However, a general framework of analysis exists that argues that all possible network configurations draining a fixed area are not necessarily equally likely. Rather, a probability P(s) is assigned to a particular spanning tree configuration, say s, which can be generally assumed to obey a Boltzmann distribution: P(s) % e^-H(s)/T, where T is a parameter and H(s) is a global property of the network configuration s related to energetic characters, i.e. its Hamiltonian. One extreme case is the random topology model where all trees are equally likely, i.e. the limit case for T6 4 . The other extreme case is T 6 0, and this corresponds to network configurations that tend to minimize their total energy dissipation to improve their likelihood. Networks obtained in this manner are termed optimal channel networks (OCNs). Observational evidence suggests that the characters of real river networks are reproduced extremely well by OCNs. Scaling properties of energy and entropy of OCNs suggest that large network development is likely to effectively occur at zero temperature (i.e. minimizing its Hamiltonian). We suggest a corollary of dynamic accessibility of a network configuration and speculate towards a thermodynamics of critical self-organization. We thus conclude that both chance and necessity are equally important ingredients for the dynamic origin of channel networks---and perhaps of the geometry of nature.
Interactions between Intersecting Pedestrian and Vehicle Flows on Roads
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Ren-Yong; GUO Xi
2011-01-01
The crossing of vehicle How by pedestrians at either signalized crosswalks or locations away from crosswalks is studied using a car-following model. The model process is constructed, and two safe criterions deciding whether pedestrians begin to cross a road and a rule stopping vehicles at a signal intersection are proposed. Numerical results indicate that the relations of both vehicles' and pedestrians' delays to the width of pedestrian arrival interval are nonlinear; careful pedestrians unnecessarily spend more time to cross a road than aggressive ones; pedestrians crossing near a traffic signal have more influence on their and vehicles' delays. When pedestrians are permitted to cross a road using the gaps between slow vehicles, their delay may increase.%The crossing of vehicle flow by pedestrians at either signalized crosswalks or locations away from crosswalks is studied using a car-following model.The model process is constructed,and two safe criterions deciding whether pedestrians begin to cross a road and a rule stopping vehicles at a signal intersection are proposed.Numerical results indicate that the relations of both vehicles' and pedestrians' delays to the width of pedestrian arrival interval are nonlinear;careful pedestrians unnecessarily spend more time to cross a road than aggressive ones;pedestrians crossing near a traffic signal have more influence on their and vehicles' delays.When pedestrians are permitted to cross a road using the gaps between slow vehicles,their delay may increase.In recent years,intersecting pedestrian and vehicle flows on roads have been studied by using the microscopic simulation method.[1-5] In the method,the dynamics of vehicle flow are formulated by cell automata (CA) models[5] or car-following (CF) models[1-3] generally.It is well known that space is discretized into cells and the length of cells measures the moving distance of vehicles in the CA models.Thus,the CA models are used to investigate the effects of vehicles
Intersecting D3-D3' system at finite temperature
Cottrell, William; Hashimoto, Akikazu; Loveridge, Andrew; Pettengill, Duncan
2015-01-01
We analyze the embedding of probe D3'-brane in the background of $N$ D3-branes at finite temperature, oriented such that they overlap in 1+1 dimensions. As the distance between the D3'-brane and the D3 brane is varied, we find solutions that appear to intersect the horizon. We find that this brane bends logarithmically, making the precise definition of the distance separating the D3 and the D3' brane scale dependent. We also consider the embedding of a probe M5-brane in the background of $N$ M2-branes at finite temperature, for which the logarithmic bending is absent. These systems appear to open a path to probe physics near and behind the black hole horizon in a strictly field theoretic framework.
Capacity Reliability of Signalized Intersections with Mixed Traffic Conditions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Xiaoming; SHAO Chunfu; LI Da; DONG Chunjiao
2009-01-01
The reliability of capacity of signalized intersections in mixed traffic conditions involving vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians was investigated to complete the conventional, deterministic capacity calculations. Simulations using VISSIM provided estimates of capacity distributions, and demonstrated the effects of the analysis intervals on the distributions. With the random vehicle arrivals taken into account, a capacity reli-ability assessment method was given as a function. Assessments were also performed regarding the effects of the conflicting pedestrian and bicycle volumes on capacity reliability. The simulation indicates that the pe-destrians and bicycles result in greater random fluctuations of exclusive tuming lane capacities, but have less effect on the variability of shared lane capacities. Normal distributions can be used to model the capaci-ties for intervals not less than 10 min. At higher vehicular volumes, the capacity reliability is more sensitive to the mean and standard deviation of the pedestrian and bicycle volumes.
Vibrational Conical Intersections: Implications for Ultrafast Vibrational Dynamics
Dawadi, Mahesh; Prasad Thapaliya, Bishnu; Bhatta, Ram; Perry, David
2015-03-01
The presence of conical intersections (CIs) between electronic potential energy surfaces is known to play a key role in ultrafast electronic relaxation in diverse circumstances. Recent reports have documented the existence of vibrational CIs connecting vibrationally adiabatic surfaces. Just as electronic CIs are now appreciated to be ubiquitous, controlling the rates of many photochemical processes, the present work on methanol and methyl mercaptan suggests that vibrational CIs may also be widespread, possibly controlling the outcome of some high-energy processes where vibrationally excited species are present. Other examples of vibrational CIs include the vibrational Jahn-Teller effect in C3V organic molecules and transition metal complexes. While the present work addresses only the couplings within bound molecules, the concept of vibrational CIs providing pathways for ultrafast relaxation also applies to molecular collisions. This work is supported by DOE (DEFG02-90ER14151).
Constrained optimal steady-state control for isolated traffic intersections
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jack HADDAD; David MAHALEL; Ilya IOSLOVICH; Per-Olof GUTMAN
2014-01-01
The steady-state or cyclic control problem for a simplified isolated traffic intersection is considered. The optimization problem for the green-red switching sequence is formulated with the help of a discrete-event max-plus model. Two steady-state control problems are formulated: optimal steady-state with green duration constraints, and optimal steady-state control with lost time. In the case when the criterion is a strictly increasing, linear function of the queue lengths, the steady-state control problems can be solved analytically. The structure of constrained optimal steady-state traffic control is revealed, and the effect of the lost time on the optimal solution is illustrated.
Fixed points, intersection theorems, variational inequalities, and equilibrium theorems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sehie Park
2000-07-01
Full Text Available From a fixed point theorem for compact acyclic maps defined on admissible convex sets in the sense of Klee, we first deduce collectively fixed point theorems, intersection theorems for sets with convex sections, and quasi-equilibrium theorems. These quasi-equilibrium theorems are applied to give simple and unified proofs of the known variational inequalities of the Hartman-Stampacchia-Browder type. Moreover, from our new fixed point theorem, we deduce new variational inequalities which can be used to obtain fixed point results for convex-valued maps. Finally, various general economic equilibrium theorems are deduced in the forms of the Nash type, the Tarafdar type, and the Yannelis-Prabhakar type. Our results are stated for not-necessarily locally convex topological vector spaces and for abstract economies with arbitrary number of commodities and agents. Our new results extend a lot of known works with much simpler proofs.
Coordinated signal control for arterial intersections using fuzzy logic
Kermanian, Davood; Zare, Assef; Balochian, Saeed
2013-09-01
Every day growth of the vehicles has become one of the biggest problems of urbanism especially in major cities. This can waste people's time, increase the fuel consumption, air pollution, and increase the density of cars and vehicles. Fuzzy controllers have been widely used in many consumer products and industrial applications with success over the past two decades. This article proposes a comprehensive model of urban traffic network using state space equations and then using Fuzzy Logic Tool Box and SIMULINK Program MATLAB a fuzzy controller in order to optimize and coordinate signal control at two intersections at an arterial road. The fuzzy controller decides to extend, early cut or terminate a signal phase and phase sequence to ensure smooth flow of traffic with minimal waiting time and length of queue. Results show that the performance of the proposed traffic controller at novel fuzzy model is better that of conventional controllers under normal and abnormal traffic conditions.
Graphic Intersections: Erga, Parerga and Pro-Erga
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Petherbridge, Deanna
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The place where design and art intersect is drawing with its elastic capability of functioning as the whole, the preparatory and the supplementary work. Drawing doesn't only occur at the level of individual practice but can be part of wider "graphic events" where concerted acts of recording, performing, inventing and disseminating link diverse visual practices across time. Two such discursive events are discussed as paradigms: the accidental finding of the Villa Aurea in the 1480s in Rome and Alois Senefelder's lithographic publication of the illustrated Book of Hours of Emperor Maximilian I in 1808. Both were stylistically influential through the popularising of 'grotesque' configurations that unify heterogeneity through linearity.
On Calabi-Yau complete intersections in toric varieties
Borisov, L A; Batyrev, Victor V; Borisov, Lev A
1994-01-01
We investigate Hodge-theoretic properties of Calabi-Yau complete intersections V of r semi-ample divisors in d-dimensional toric Fano varieties having at most Gorenstein singularities. Our main purpose is to show that the combinatorial duality proposed by second author agrees with the duality for Hodge numbers predicted by mirror symmetry. It is expected that the complete verification of mirror symmetry predictions for singular Calabi-Yau varieties V of arbitrary dimension demands considerations of so called {\\em string-theoretic Hodge numbers} h^{p,q}_{\\rm st}(V). We restrict ourselves to the string-theoretic Hodge numbers h^{0,q}_{\\rm st}(V) and h^{1,q}_{\\rm st}(V) (0 \\leq q \\leq d-r) which coincide with the usual Hodge numbers h^{0,q}(\\widehat{V}) and h^{1,q}(\\widehat{V}) of a MPCP-desingularization \\widehat{V} of V.
Maps of intersections in visual education: artistic event as pedagogy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Belidson Dias
2013-12-01
Full Text Available This article explores the artistic event as pedagogical in Visual Education. It lies in the encounter between the Pictorial Turn in education and the pedagogical turn in art. Drawing from Cultural Pedagogy it seeks to cover how and under what conditions an event can be both an educational and artistic event at the same and how are instituted the spaces that promote educational events as aesthetic experiences. In this article it was pointed out conceptual and methodological bases for distinguishing the space of intersection between art and Visual Education and its political and cultural implications: Participant Art, Cultural Pedagogy and their relationships among politics and aesthetics. In this sense it analyzes the crossings of frontiers both in art and education and creates possibilities for an understanding of pedagogy of dissent.
The intersection of identity, culture and science engagement
Strong, LaToya
2015-12-01
Ivã Gurgel, Mauricio Pietrocola, and Graciella Watanabe expand upon the existing literature, which links identity and science engagement. Specifically, the authors focus on ways in which the cultural identities of students relate to their engagement in physics. In doing so, Gurgel, Pietrocola, and Watanabe further build upon the idea that one's identity is not immutable, but rather is continually re-constituted throughout life. Employing the lens of ontological authenticity, the authors use three interventions with the purpose of revealing the intersection of students' cultural identity and science. In this paper I extend the dialogue on how we can further explore the link between identity and science engagement, starting first with a consideration of student identity and its significance, before extending this inquiry into the specific field of science.
Political Intersectionality and Democratic Politics in the European Public Sphere
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siim, Birte
2015-01-01
. Democratic politics refers to conflicts and negotiations across political parties and social movement organisations/NGOs. The transnational approach contributes to illuminate potentials of and barriers for transnational civil society actors to create democratic politics in the European Public Sphere.......Religious and cultural conflicts about accommodation of immigrant minorities in European democracies have become major policy issues during the last 20 years, exacerbated by the political and economic crisis. The essay addresses the inclusion/exclusion of women and ethnic minorities in the European...... Public Sphere (EPS). It is inspired by results and reflections from the European Gender Project (EGP) , where intersectionality was used as an approach for analysing negotiations between gender and ethno-national diversity in selected European countries and in relation to the European Public Sphere...
A Comparison of Tram Priority at Signalized Intersections
Zhang, Lele
2013-01-01
We study tram priority at signalized intersections using a stochastic cellular automaton model for multimodal traffic flow. We simulate realistic traffic signal systems, which include signal linking and adaptive cycle lengths and split plans, with different levels of tram priority. We find that tram priority can improve service performance in terms of both average travel time and travel time variability. We consider two main types of tram priority, which we refer to as full and partial priority. Full tram priority is able to guarantee service quality even when traffic is saturated, however, it results in significant costs to other road users. Partial tram priority significantly reduces tram delays while having limited impact on other traffic, and therefore achieves a better result in terms of the overall network performance. We also study variations in which the tram priority is only enforced when trams are running behind schedule, and we find that those variations retain almost all of the benefit for tram op...
Gender inequalities at the intersection of discriminatory mecha-nisms
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alina Hurubean
2012-04-01
Full Text Available The text aims to present less visible facet of discrimination by identifying social and cultural mechanisms that generate and maintain multiple forms of discrimination, the intersection of which gender has a central position, because he combine with all other criteria of discrimination (race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, social class, age, disability, multiplying the effect of discriminatory behavior. This paper highlights the gender inequalities, the disparities between women and men, boys and girls who are socially constructed which are produced in the process of education and differential gender socialization, asymmetric and hierarchical, correlated with educational and professional orientation and also with labor market access and situation. The fact that gender inequalities exist at a structural level and they are deeply rooted in social practices and collective mental lead to situations where discriminatory behavior manifested without being noticed and as less as sanctioned.
Pre- and in-hospital intersection of stroke care.
Meretoja, Atte; Kaste, Markku
2012-09-01
Acute ischemic stroke is a time-critical emergency for which thrombolytic therapy is the only medical treatment. Many patients who would benefit from this treatment are deprived of it due to delays. Failure to call for help rapidly is the main obstacle, but even when the call is made in time, the prehospital evaluation, transportation, and emergency department (ED) diagnostics often take too long to treat the patient with thrombolysis. Interventions to reduce pre- and in-hospital delays have been described; although no single intervention is likely to make a major difference, a whole set of interventions needs to be implemented. The intersection of the pre- and in-hospital care is of special importance. With successful protocols and good communication between the emergency medical service and ED, delays can be significantly reduced. On the basis of our experience, 94% of patients can be treated within 60 min of arrival, based largely on using the prehospital time effectively. PMID:22994234
The intersection of identity, culture and science engagement
Strong, LaToya
2016-06-01
Ivã Gurgel, Mauricio Pietrocola, and Graciella Watanabe expand upon the existing literature, which links identity and science engagement. Specifically, the authors focus on ways in which the cultural identities of students relate to their engagement in physics. In doing so, Gurgel, Pietrocola, and Watanabe further build upon the idea that one's identity is not immutable, but rather is continually re-constituted throughout life. Employing the lens of ontological authenticity, the authors use three interventions with the purpose of revealing the intersection of students' cultural identity and science. In this paper I extend the dialogue on how we can further explore the link between identity and science engagement, starting first with a consideration of student identity and its significance, before extending this inquiry into the specific field of science.
Feature curve extraction from point clouds via developable strip intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kai Wah Lee
2016-04-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study the problem of computing smooth feature curves from CAD type point clouds models. The proposed method reconstructs feature curves from the intersections of developable strip pairs which approximate the regions along both sides of the features. The generation of developable surfaces is based on a linear approximation of the given point cloud through a variational shape approximation approach. A line segment sequencing algorithm is proposed for collecting feature line segments into different feature sequences as well as sequential groups of data points. A developable surface approximation procedure is employed to refine incident approximation planes of data points into developable strips. Some experimental results are included to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method.
Control systems in the intersection of energy and ICT industries
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hellsten, K.; Kaessi, T.; Mustonen, T.; Paetaeri, S.; Soininen, L.
2008-07-01
The main objective of this research report is to shed light on business possibilities that are related to monitoring and control systems in the intersection of energy and ICT industries. The study uses both primary and secondary data sources that include a qualitative Delphi study, themed interviews, idea generation session, quantitative data regarding the alliances between the energy and ICT sectors as well as relevant literature. The environmental issues, the availability of energy, the opening energy markets, modern distributed generation and the saturation of existing transmission and distribution grids have raised a need to develop new energy solutions and business activities based on them. At the same time, the fast development in ICT technologies and automation has offered better possibilities for their implementation. Thus, the external factors and demands posed e.g. by political and social quarters as well as the internal needs of the energy companies make the cooperation in the intersection necessary and elaborate. The report reveals two major areas for the development of the cooperation between the energy and ICT sectors: households' energy utilization and distributed energy generation. In the former theme, e.g. the follow-up and guidance of energy consumption as well as new ways of electricity purchasing came up as issues for further examination. As regards to the second theme, the distributed energy solutions are seen to increase unavoidably and forcefully in the future. The emergence of distributed generation poses many new challenges for the whole energy system but also a vast amount of opportunities for the two sectors' co-operative activities, as the interfaces between the small local units and networks and the centralized system need to be controlled effectively and legitimately. (orig.)
Expanding the Therapy Paradigm with Queer Couples: A Relational Intersectional Lens.
Addison, Sheila M; Coolhart, Deborah
2015-09-01
North American and global cultures in general-and the field of Couple and Family Therapy in particular-have made significant strides toward recognizing and validating LGBTQ identities and relationships. However, clinical assessment and conceptualization of queer couples still lack the complexity needed to encompass the issues involved in treatment. Existing literature provides clinicians a basic understanding of queer couples and the dynamics that make them unique from nonqueer couples. However, much of this knowledge has been normed on White middle-class couples and has rarely included couples with transgender or bisexual members. This article invites clinicians and researchers to apply a feminist model of intersectionality to understand queer couples. Our proposed intersectional lens considers multiple axes of identity and power and their interrelationships (Crenshaw, 1989, 1991). We argue that intersectionality is important for understanding all identities, whether privileged or marginalized (Falicov, 2003). This application of the concept of intersectionality is unique in its relational focus, emphasizing how partners' complex individual identities overlap with and intersect with one another. Additionally, this lens considers how the therapists' and clients' multidimensional identities intersect. Three case studies are presented to illustrate application of the intersectional lens. In each case, exploring the partners' multiple social locations, their influences on one another, and the therapist's intersections of identity all proved critical to the direction of therapy. PMID:26356768
(Con)figuring gender in Bible translation: Cultural, translational and gender critical intersections
Jeremy Punt
2014-01-01
The gendered intersection of cultural studies and Bible translation is under acknowledged. Accounting for gender criticism in translation work requires, besides responsible theory and practice of translation, also attention to interwoven gender critical aspects. After a brief investigation of the intersections between biblical, translation and gender studies, translation in a few Pauline texts with bearing on gender and sexuality are investigated.
Application of Mixed-Methods Approaches to Higher Education and Intersectional Analyses
Griffin, Kimberly A.; Museus, Samuel D.
2011-01-01
In this article, the authors discuss the utility of combining quantitative and qualitative methods in conducting intersectional analyses. First, they discuss some of the paradigmatic underpinnings of qualitative and quantitative research, and how these methods can be used in intersectional analyses. They then consider how paradigmatic pragmatism…
(Configuring gender in Bible translation: Cultural, translational and gender critical intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jeremy Punt
2014-02-01
Full Text Available The gendered intersection of cultural studies and Bible translation is under acknowledged. Accounting for gender criticism in translation work requires, besides responsible theory and practice of translation, also attention to interwoven gender critical aspects. After a brief investigation of the intersections between biblical, translation and gender studies, translation in a few Pauline texts with bearing on gender and sexuality are investigated.
Convexity and d-revised link-convexity of restricted games on some intersecting family
Naito, Takeshi
2013-01-01
We consider some restricted games which are generalization of the games with graph-communication structure. We propose a result of in-essential coalitions structure of some intersecting convex games. Also we show a relationship between link-convexity and d-revised link-convexity for games on some intersecting family.
Unmasking the internet: investigating UK women’s digital entrepreneurship through intersectionality
Martinez Dy, Angela Carmina
2015-01-01
This thesis investigates the experiences of women digital entrepreneurs in the United Kingdom from an intersectional cyberfeminist perspective. Informed by feminist theories of technology and critical entrepreneurship scholarship, it challenges mainstream discourse on digital entrepreneurship with the argument that, similar to traditional (offline) entrepreneurship, online or digital entrepreneurship is deeply embedded in the social world. It draws upon intersectional feminist theory that con...
‘Belonging’ as Politicized Projects and the Broadening of Intersectional Analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Marfelt, Mikkel Mouritz
2015-01-01
Review of: Yuval-Davis, N. (2011) The politics of belonging: Intersectional contestations. Sage: London. (PB, pp. 264, £27.99, ISBN 9781412921305)......Review of: Yuval-Davis, N. (2011) The politics of belonging: Intersectional contestations. Sage: London. (PB, pp. 264, £27.99, ISBN 9781412921305)...
Conical Intersections from Particle-Particle Random Phase and Tamm-Dancoff Approximations.
Yang, Yang; Shen, Lin; Zhang, Du; Yang, Weitao
2016-07-01
The particle-particle random phase approximation (pp-RPA) and the particle-particle Tamm-Dancoff approximation (pp-TDA) are applied to the challenging conical intersection problem. Because they describe the ground and excited states on the same footing and naturally take into account the interstate interaction, these particle-particle methods, especially the pp-TDA, can correctly predict the dimensionality of the conical intersection seam as well as describe the potential energy surface in the vicinity of conical intersections. Though the bond length of conical intersections is slightly underestimated compared with the complete-active-space self-consistent field (CASSCF) theory, the efficient particle-particle methods are promising for conical intersections and nonadiabatic dynamics. PMID:27293013
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The knowledge of the intersection space topography of electronic states is essential for deciphering and predicting photoinduced reactions. Michl and Bonacic-Koutecky developed a two-electron two-orbital model that allowed first systematic studies of the chemical origin of conical intersections in strongly polar systems. We generalize this approach to arbitrary functionalized and unfunctionalized polyene systems. For the extended model, a set of mathematical conditions for the formation of conical intersections are derived. These conditions are translated into geometrical motions and electronic effects, which help to explain and predict the structure and energetics of conical intersections. A three-step strategy for the conceptual search of conical intersections is outlined. Its universal validity is demonstrated using the textbook example cyclohexadiene and its functionalized derivative trifluoromethyl-indolylfulgide, a chromophore studied for possible application as a molecular switch.
An application of three-dimensional modeling in the cutting machine of intersecting line software
Lu, Jixiang
2011-11-01
This paper developed a software platform of intersecting line cutting machine. The software platform consists of three parts. The first is the interface of parameter input and modify, the second is the three-dimensional display of main tube and branch tube, and the last is the cutting simulation and G code output. We can obtain intersection data by intersection algorithm, and we also make three-dimensional model and dynamic simulation on the data of intersecting line cutting. By changing the parameters and the assembly sequence of main tube and branch tube, you can see the modified two-dimensional and three-dimensional graphics and corresponding G-code output file. This method has been applied to practical cutting machine of intersecting line software.
10 Best resources on… intersectionality with an emphasis on low- and middle-income countries.
Larson, Elizabeth; George, Asha; Morgan, Rosemary; Poteat, Tonia
2016-10-01
Intersectionality has emerged as an important framework for understanding and responding to health inequities by making visible the fluid and interconnected structures of power that create them. It promotes an understanding of the dynamic nature of the privileges and disadvantages that permeate health systems and affect health. It considers the interaction of different social stratifiers (e.g. 'race'/ethnicity, indigeneity, gender, class, sexuality, geography, age, disability/ability, migration status, religion) and the power structures that underpin them at multiple levels. In doing so, it is a departure from previous health inequalities research that looked at these forms of social stratification in isolation from one another or in an additive manner. Despite its potential use and long history in other disciplines, intersectionality is uncommonly used in health systems research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To orient readers to intersectionality theory and research, we first define intersectionality and describe its role in public health, and then we review resources on intersectionality. We found that applications in public health mostly increased after 2009, with only 14 out of 86 articles focused on LMICs. To arrive at 10 best resources, we selected articles based on the proportion of the article that was devoted to intersectionality, the strength of the intersectionality analysis, and its relevance to LMICs. The first four resources explain intersectionality as a methodology. The subsequent six articles apply intersectionality to research in LMIC with quantitative and qualitative analysis. We provide examples from India, Swaziland, Uganda and Mexico. Topics for the studies range from HIV, violence and sexual abuse to immunization and the use of health entitlements. Through these 10 resources, we hope to spark interest and open a needed conversation on the importance and use of intersectional analysis in LMICs as part of understanding people
Emotional speech processing at the intersection of prosody and semantics.
Schwartz, Rachel; Pell, Marc D
2012-01-01
The ability to accurately perceive emotions is crucial for effective social interaction. Many questions remain regarding how different sources of emotional cues in speech (e.g., prosody, semantic information) are processed during emotional communication. Using a cross-modal emotional priming paradigm (Facial affect decision task), we compared the relative contributions of processing utterances with single-channel (prosody-only) versus multi-channel (prosody and semantic) cues on the perception of happy, sad, and angry emotional expressions. Our data show that emotional speech cues produce robust congruency effects on decisions about an emotionally related face target, although no processing advantage occurred when prime stimuli contained multi-channel as opposed to single-channel speech cues. Our data suggest that utterances with prosodic cues alone and utterances with combined prosody and semantic cues both activate knowledge that leads to emotional congruency (priming) effects, but that the convergence of these two information sources does not always heighten access to this knowledge during emotional speech processing. PMID:23118868
Emotional speech processing at the intersection of prosody and semantics.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rachel Schwartz
Full Text Available The ability to accurately perceive emotions is crucial for effective social interaction. Many questions remain regarding how different sources of emotional cues in speech (e.g., prosody, semantic information are processed during emotional communication. Using a cross-modal emotional priming paradigm (Facial affect decision task, we compared the relative contributions of processing utterances with single-channel (prosody-only versus multi-channel (prosody and semantic cues on the perception of happy, sad, and angry emotional expressions. Our data show that emotional speech cues produce robust congruency effects on decisions about an emotionally related face target, although no processing advantage occurred when prime stimuli contained multi-channel as opposed to single-channel speech cues. Our data suggest that utterances with prosodic cues alone and utterances with combined prosody and semantic cues both activate knowledge that leads to emotional congruency (priming effects, but that the convergence of these two information sources does not always heighten access to this knowledge during emotional speech processing.
Evolving norms at the intersection of health and trade.
Drope, Jeffrey; Lencucha, Raphael
2014-06-01
There has been growing tension at the intersection of health and economic policy making as global governance has increased across sectors. This tension has been particularly evident between tobacco control and trade policy, as the international norms that frame them -- particularly the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the World Trade Organization (WTO) -- have continued to institutionalize. Using five case studies of major tobacco-related trade disputes from the principal multilateral system of trade governance -- the WTO/General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade -- we trace the evolution of these interacting norms over nearly twenty-five years. Our analytic framework focuses on the actors that advance, defend, and challenge these norms. We find that an increasingly broad network, which includes governments, intergovernmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and members of the epistemic community, is playing a more active role in seeking to resolve these tensions. Moreover, key economic actors are beginning to incorporate health more actively into their messaging and activities. We also demonstrate that the most recent resonant messages reflect a more nuanced integration of the two norms. The tobacco control example has direct relevance to related policy areas, including environment, safety, access to medicines, diet, and alcohol. PMID:24603086
Probing solvation effects at conical intersections by ultrafast photoelectron imaging
Soep, Benoit; Poisson, Lionel; Raffael, Kevin; Mestdagh, Jean Michel
2007-03-01
The electronic excitation of polyatomic molecules is generally followed by relaxation of the electronic energy to the ground state or to metastable, low lying states such as triplet states in hydrocarbons. It can be extremely rapid whenever conical intersections between the surfaces are at play, owing to their structural changes. Since, in general, relaxation is observed in condensed phases, it is essential to conduct the relevant experiments in the presence of a perturbing medium, here the surface of an argon cluster. We address the coupling of two excited configurations in a molecule possessing charge transfer intermediates thus prone to medium effects. We shall compare here the observation of the free and deposited molecule at the surface of argon clusters. The effect of the cluster and the possibility to record significant photoelectron spectra is thus described that represents an innovation for large systems. We made use of the anisotropy of the photoelectron angular distribution of the electrons to unravel the dynamics of the several excited configurations that are traversed during the electronic relaxation.
Anthropology and cultural neuroscience: creating productive intersections in parallel fields.
Brown, R A; Seligman, R
2009-01-01
Partly due to the failure of anthropology to productively engage the fields of psychology and neuroscience, investigations in cultural neuroscience have occurred largely without the active involvement of anthropologists or anthropological theory. Dramatic advances in the tools and findings of social neuroscience have emerged in parallel with significant advances in anthropology that connect social and political-economic processes with fine-grained descriptions of individual experience and behavior. We describe four domains of inquiry that follow from these recent developments, and provide suggestions for intersections between anthropological tools - such as social theory, ethnography, and quantitative modeling of cultural models - and cultural neuroscience. These domains are: the sociocultural construction of emotion, status and dominance, the embodiment of social information, and the dual social and biological nature of ritual. Anthropology can help locate unique or interesting populations and phenomena for cultural neuroscience research. Anthropological tools can also help "drill down" to investigate key socialization processes accountable for cross-group differences. Furthermore, anthropological research points at meaningful underlying complexity in assumed relationships between social forces and biological outcomes. Finally, ethnographic knowledge of cultural content can aid with the development of ecologically relevant stimuli for use in experimental protocols. PMID:19874960
Simply Intersecting Pair Maps in the Mapping Class Group
Childers, Leah
2010-01-01
The Torelli group, I(S_g), is the subgroup of the mapping class group consisting of elements that act trivially on the homology of the surface. There are three types of elements that naturally arise in studying I(S_g): bounding pair maps, separating twists, and simply intersecting pair maps (SIP-maps). Historically the first two types of elements have been the focus of the literature on I(S_g), while SIP-maps have received relatively little attention until recently, due to an infinite presentation of I(S_g) introduced by Andrew Putman that uses all three types of elements. We will give a topological characterization of the image of an SIP-map under the Johnson homomorphism and Birman-Craggs-Johnson homomorphism. We will also classify which SIP-maps are in the kernel of these homomorphisms. Then we will look at the subgroup generated by all SIP-maps, SIP(S_g), and show it is an infinite index subgroup of I(S_g).
Divine Intersections: Hindu Ritual and the Incorporation of Religious Others
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Kathinka Frøystad
2012-08-01
Full Text Available This article throws the study of multireligious sociality in Western contexts into sharp relief by examining the case of India. Much of the current scholarship of cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism tends to assume that religious beliefs, practices and spaces make the respective religious communities close entirely in upon themselves. While this assumption may hold true for most of the Western settings we study, it does not necessarily give an accurate description of the conditions for multireligious sociality in other parts of the world. In India, for instance, religious boundaries still display signs of malleability despite the religious politicization and occasional interreligious violence of the past decades. Drawing on recent anthropological research, this article shows that people of different religious denominations still visit Sufi shrines, that Hindus still incorporate ritual elements and divine beings from the religious traditions of their Others and that they exercise a wide personal choice in terms of spiritual activities, thus enabling spiritual paths that cross in and out of Hinduism. In a Hindu context rituals do not necessarily have an insulating effect; they may also provide points of intersection that open up toward the Other, thus fostering familiarity and recognition. Similar arguments have been made for Buddhist settings. The question is thus whether the current scholarship of cosmopolitanism may entail a certain monotheistic bias that needs to accounted for, something that is of particular importance when theorizing in ways that make universal claims.
Approximation Algorithms for Union and Intersection Covering Problems
Cygan, Marek; Leonardi, Stefano; Mucha, Marcin; Pilipczuk, Marcin; Sankowski, Piotr
2011-01-01
In a classical covering problem, we are given a set of requests that we need to satisfy (fully or partially), by buying a subset of items at minimum cost. For example, in the k-MST problem we want to find the cheapest tree spanning at least k nodes of an edge-weighted graph. Here nodes and edges represent requests and items, respectively. In this paper, we initiate the study of a new family of multi-layer covering problems. Each such problem consists of a collection of h distinct instances of a standard covering problem (layers), with the constraint that all layers share the same set of requests. We identify two main subfamilies of these problems: - in a union multi-layer problem, a request is satisfied if it is satisfied in at least one layer; - in an intersection multi-layer problem, a request is satisfied if it is satisfied in all layers. To see some natural applications, consider both generalizations of k-MST. Union k-MST can model a problem where we are asked to connect a set of users to at least one of ...
An extended car-following model at signalized intersections
Yu, Shaowei; Shi, Zhongke
2014-08-01
To simulate car-following behaviors better when the traffic light is red, three successive car-following data at a signalized intersection of Jinan in China were collected by using a new proposed data acquisition method and then analyzed to select input variables of the extended car-following model. An extended car-following model considering two leading cars' accelerations was proposed, calibrated and verified with field data obtained on the basis of the full velocity difference model and then a comparative model used for comparative research was also proposed and calibrated in the light of the GM model. The results indicate that the extended car-following model could fit measured data well, and that the fitting precision of the extended model is prior to the comparative model, whose mean absolute error is reduced by 22.83%. Finally a theoretical car-following model considering multiple leading cars' accelerations was put forward which has potential applicable to vehicle automation system and vehicle safety early warning system, and then the linear stability analysis and numerical simulations were conducted to analyze some observed physical features existing in the realistic traffic.
On $k$-connectivity and minimum vertex degree in random $s$-intersection graphs
Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil
2014-01-01
Random s-intersection graphs have recently received much interest [1-9]. In a random s-intersection graph, each vertex is assigned to a set of items in some manner, and two vertices have an edge in between if and only if they share at least s items. In particular, in a uniform random s-intersection graph, each vertex independently selects the same number of items uniformly at random from a common item pool, while in a binomial random s-intersection graph, each item in some item pool is independently attached to each vertex with the same probability. These two graph models have numerous applications; e.g., using uniform random s-intersection graph for cryptanalysis [14,15], and to model secure wireless sensor networks [8-10] and online social networks [11,12], and using a binomial random s-intersection graph for clustering analysis [17], classification [18] and the design of integrated circuits [34]. For binomial/uniform random s-intersection graphs, we present results related to k-connectivity and minimum ver...
Linear Determination of a Camera's Intrinsic Parameters Using Two Intersecting Circles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xu Chen
2014-03-01
Full Text Available An approach using two intersecting circles is proposed as a linear approach for determining a camera's intrinsic parameters. The two intersecting coplanar circles have four intersection points in the projective plane: two real points and two circular points. In the image plane, the diagonal triangle - on which the image of the four intersection points composes a complete quadrangle - is a self-polar triangle for the projection curves of the circles. The vertex of the self-polar triangle is the null space of the degenerate conic formed by the image of the four intersection points. By solving the three vertices of the self-polar triangle using the image coordinates of the two real intersection points, the degenerate conic can be obtained. The image of the two circular points is then computed from the intersection points of the degenerate conic. Using the image of the circular points from the three images of the same planar pattern with different directions, the intrinsic parameters can be linearly determined.
Lesson learned from the application of intersection safety devices in Edmonton.
Contini, Laura; El-Basyouny, Karim
2016-09-01
The City of Edmonton began its intersection safety device (ISD) program in 2009 with the installation of 50 cameras throughout the city. The ISDs are approach-specific and combine automated enforcement of red-light running and speed violations during the red and green phases of the intersection control. The goal of this study is to evaluate the safety performance of ISDs within the city of Edmonton, Canada and to identify factors that can lead to successful selection of future ISD sites. A before-and-after Empirical Bayes (EB) method is used to account for regression-to-the-mean and other confounding factors. A safety performance function and yearly calibration factors are developed using data from a set of reference intersections within Edmonton. The before-and-after analysis is applied at the overall intersection level and for each approach of the ISD intersections. The results showed significant reductions that ranged from 12% to 25% for total collisions, and from 33% to 43% for angle collisions. No significant reduction was observed for severe collisions at the intersection level, however significant reductions were found at the approach level at locations with a relatively higher collision history. The impact of site selection criteria on collision reduction was also evaluated. Greater reductions were found at sites with a higher collision frequency. Additionally, the impact of intersection characteristics on collision reduction was investigated. Speed limits, presence of separated right turn lane and the number of lanes were found to impact ISD collision reduction. PMID:27286175
Bauer, Greta R
2014-06-01
Intersectionality theory, developed to address the non-additivity of effects of sex/gender and race/ethnicity but extendable to other domains, allows for the potential to study health and disease at different intersections of identity, social position, processes of oppression or privilege, and policies or institutional practices. Intersectionality has the potential to enrich population health research through improved validity and greater attention to both heterogeneity of effects and causal processes producing health inequalities. Moreover, intersectional population health research may serve to both test and generate new theories. Nevertheless, its implementation within health research to date has been primarily through qualitative research. In this paper, challenges to incorporation of intersectionality into population health research are identified or expanded upon. These include: 1) confusion of quantitative terms used metaphorically in theoretical work with similar-sounding statistical methods; 2) the question of whether all intersectional positions are of equal value, or even of sufficient value for study; 3) distinguishing between intersecting identities, social positions, processes, and policies or other structural factors; 4) reflecting embodiment in how processes of oppression and privilege are measured and analysed; 5) understanding and utilizing appropriate scale for interactions in regression models; 6) structuring interaction or risk modification to best convey effects, and; 7) avoiding assumptions of equidistance or single level in the design of analyses. Addressing these challenges throughout the processes of conceptualizing and planning research and in conducting analyses has the potential to improve researchers' ability to more specifically document inequalities at varying intersectional positions, and to study the potential individual- and group-level causes that may drive these observed inequalities. A greater and more thoughtful incorporation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Linhong Wang
2013-01-01
Full Text Available As an important component of the urban adaptive traffic control system, subarea partition algorithm divides the road network into some small subareas and then determines the optimal signal control mode for each signalized intersection. Correlation model is the core of subarea partition algorithm because it can quantify the correlation degree of adjacent signalized intersections and decides whether these intersections can be grouped into one subarea. In most cases, there are more than two intersections in one subarea. However, current researches only focus on the correlation model for two adjacent intersections. The objective of this study is to develop a model which can calculate the correlation degree of multiple intersections adaptively. The cycle lengths, link lengths, number of intersections, and path flow between upstream and downstream coordinated phases were selected as the contributing factors of the correlation model. Their jointly impacts on the performance of the coordinated control mode relative to the isolated control mode were further studied using numerical experiments. The paper then proposed a correlation index (CI as an alternative to relative performance. The relationship between CI and the four contributing factors was established in order to predict the correlation, which determined whether adjacent intersections could be partitioned into one subarea. A value of 0 was set as the threshold of CI. If CI was larger than 0, multiple intersections could be partitioned into one subarea; otherwise, they should be separated. Finally, case studies were conducted in a real-life signalized network to evaluate the performance of the model. The results show that the CI simulates the relative performance well and could be a reliable index for subarea partition.
Analysis on Capacity of Non-Signalized Intersection on Condition of Ice-Snow
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Liwei Hu
2013-03-01
Full Text Available Traffic characteristic on the conditions of ice-and-snow road performance is quite complex and that seriously influenced the capacity of non-signaled intersection. This paper comparatively analyzed the critical gap and headway on the condition of ice-and-snow or normal, and then analyzed the capacity of non-signaled intersection by the acceptability gap theory, and put forward the headway modify coefficient and the non-signaled intersection capacity modify coefficient for ice and snow. The results are the complementarities of traffic flow characteristic on ice-and-snow condition, and they are useful for directing setting traffic engineering facilities in the cold zone.
Using Expert System Rules to establish data on Intersec-tions and Turns in Road Networks
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Otto Anker; Simonsen, Nikolaj; Frederiksen, Rasmus Dyhr
1997-01-01
Delays and restrictions in intersections contribute significant to the overall travel times in urban traffic networks and therefore also route choices. In practice, however, it is quite unusual to include intersection delays in traffic models, logistic models and route guidance systems. Time...... modelling to an existing network. The method requires a GIS-based network with link attributes as input data. The method has developed as an extension tool applicable to existing networks and therefore supply of additional data is normally not required.. By a set of ‘expert system rules’, the intersections...
Photonic Crystal Waveguide Intersection Based on Self-Imaging of Multi-Mode Interference
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DING Wei-Qiang; TANG Dong-Hua; CHEN Li-Xue; ZHAO Yuan; Liu Yan
2007-01-01
@@ A new mechanism of intersection formed by two line defect photonic crystal (PC) waveguides are numerically investigated using the finite-difference time-domain method. The results show that the normalized crosstalk is smaller than 10-4; the reflection is smaller than 10-3, and the transmission is larger than 0.999. The authors analyse the physical origins and find that a modified self-imaging process in the intersected multi-mode region is the main reason of the excellent performance. This kind of multi-mode interference based intersection may find potential applications in PC optical circuits.
Optimal traffic light control method for a single intersection based on hybrid systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵晓华; 陈阳舟; 崔平远
2003-01-01
A single intersection of two phases is selected as a model to put forward a new optimal time-planning scheme for traffic light based on the model of hybrid automata for single intersection. A method of optimization is proposed for hybrid systems, and the average queue length over all queues is used as an objective function to find an optimal switching scheme for traffic light. It is illustrated that traffic light control for single intersection is a typical hybrid system, and the optimal planning-time scheme can be obtained using the optimal hybrid systems control based on the two stages method.
Media Representation of Women Politicians from a Gender to an Intersectionality Perspective
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Fiig, Christina
2010-01-01
the debate on the media as a powerful political site for different groups of men and women politicians. The analytical point of the article is that a perspective of intersectionality deepens the understanding of the ways that the media organize power through stereotypical representation and......This article investigates media representation from a perspective of intersectionality defined as one that deconstructs the category ‘woman’ by looking at different social divisions such as class, ethnicity, gender, race and sexuality. An intersectionality perspective is constructive in broadening...
The sizes of the intersection of two unitals in PG$(2,q^2)$
Chandler, David B
2011-01-01
We show that the size of the intersection of a Hermitian variety in $\\PG(n,q^2)$, and any set satisfying an $r$-dimensional-subspace intersection property, is congruent to 1 modulo a power of $p$. In particular, in the case where $n=2$, if the two sets are a Hermitian unital and any other unital, the size of the intersection is congruent to 1 modulo $\\sqrt q$ or modulo $\\sqrt{pq}$. If the second unital is a Buekenhout-Metz unital, we show that the size is congruent to 1 modulo $q$.
Rangan, V. Kasturi; Nueno, Jose L
1999-01-01
Using transaction cost theory, considerable research in marketing has focused on the conditions under which firms would use direct or vertically integrated versus indirect or arms length channels of distribution. Data from the field, however, indicate that channel configurations are more varied and complex, with multiple channels and composite channels being just as common as direct and indirect channels. In an attempt to explain this variety, this paper revisits the influence on channel stru...
Equal channel angular extrusion of niobium single crystals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Niobium single crystals were deformed by equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) with one, four, and eight passes at room temperature. Microstructural characterization was performed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron-backscattered diffraction (EBSD). The microstructure of the sample deformed after one ECAE pass displays uniformly spaced coarse parallel sets of shear bands. After four passes, the shear bands intersect each other throughout the sample giving rise to the development of fine-grained crystallites at their intersections. In the most deformed specimen (eight ECAE passes), the microstructure becomes more uniform and consists of fine grains with sizes of about 1 μm and elongated subgrains lying nearly parallel to the extrusion direction. The fraction of high angle boundaries is about 48%
Mixed Vehicle Flow At Signalized Intersection: Markov Chain Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gertsbakh Ilya B.
2015-09-01
Full Text Available We assume that a Poisson flow of vehicles arrives at isolated signalized intersection, and each vehicle, independently of others, represents a random number X of passenger car units (PCU’s. We analyze numerically the stationary distribution of the queue process {Zn}, where Zn is the number of PCU’s in a queue at the beginning of the n-th red phase, n → ∞. We approximate the number Yn of PCU’s arriving during one red-green cycle by a two-parameter Negative Binomial Distribution (NBD. The well-known fact is that {Zn} follow an infinite-state Markov chain. We approximate its stationary distribution using a finite-state Markov chain. We show numerically that there is a strong dependence of the mean queue length E[Zn] in equilibrium on the input distribution of Yn and, in particular, on the ”over dispersion” parameter γ= Var[Yn]/E[Yn]. For Poisson input, γ = 1. γ > 1 indicates presence of heavy-tailed input. In reality it means that a relatively large ”portion” of PCU’s, considerably exceeding the average, may arrive with high probability during one red-green cycle. Empirical formulas are presented for an accurate estimation of mean queue length as a function of load and g of the input flow. Using the Markov chain technique, we analyze the mean ”virtual” delay time for a car which always arrives at the beginning of the red phase.
Positive Psychology and old age Psychology. Theoretical Intersections
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Enrique Lombardo
2015-07-01
Full Text Available This article is a theoretical review of developments and research of the posi- tive psychology and of the psychology of aging. Some concepts that are in that intersection are: psychic capital, strengths, psychological wellbeing and emo- tional regulation. In all the cases they are positive psychic factors associated to the successful aging. Since the end of the 20th century, within the psychology of aging has been developing and achieved fundamental transformations in term of theoretical bases in which it leans on. One of these transformations arises of its encounter with the positive Psychology, of recent appearance too. The theoretical work in this field is of interest because from a classic perspec- tive, from a biological view, aging is regarded as the decline in physical and psychic strengths and, therefore, the loss of those features and positive qualities that were fundamental during the youthful and mature life. Old age would be marked by a deterioration, fragility and loss of progressive selfregulation of the individual person. This view lead to ignoring clearly positive aspects of old the age such as the gathering experience or the greater availability of free time that would allow elderly people to search for ways of personal realization, among others. Of the journey for the different concepts in those that positive psychology and gerontology go being defined a group of characteristic of what we can call the psychic aging. In the first place a change appears in the perspective about what this process implies. Aging is not seen as a relentless and universal process of decline, but rather besides a great variability, it presents different aspects in those that we see the development of potentialities and resources that were not present in other ages.
Capability to care and work: when dual roles intersect
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Barbara Horrell
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Ageing in place is a cost-effective policy solution to eldercare that reflects a dominant positive ageing discourse of choice and independence. It satisfies older people's preference to remain at home and be involved in their community, but depends upon the provision of care and support for frail elders, particularly the oldest-old, who require assistance to achieve these goals. The traditional provision of unpaid eldercare by female relatives is changing as women are increasingly working outside the home, and they have to choose between, or manage, dual roles of caregiving and paid work. Negative effects on health, paid employment, and finances are associated with the intersection of eldercare and employment. Solutions involve reducing or relinquishing paid employment, which would have financial, social, physical, and emotional ramifications in the future. However, being able to successfully accommodate both roles provides a sense of satisfaction and fulfilment. To understand the complexity of managing the tension between work and eldercare requires a detailed analysis of unpaid caregivers’ daily lives. This paper presents findings about eldercare provision and paid work, derived from two qualitative studies that used a participatory methodology for an in-depth exploration of caregivers’ health. The participants’ stories demonstrate that rather than reflecting on access to a range of options, caregivers’ choices are constrained, and involve trading work and other capabilities for the capability to care. Providing care for a loved elder was the first priority, followed by paid work. Having the capability to maintain a healthy and balanced life was the caregivers’ lowest priority. Unpaid informal care has benefits for elders, and it is a valued emotional relationship for caregivers; however, future social policy should address the difficulties that caregiving creates in people's lives along with focusing on the benefits that such care
An investigation of 'sparse channel networks'. Characteristic behaviours and their causes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This report represents a third study in a series concerned with groundwater flow in poorly permeable fractured crystalline rocks. The study has brought together three linked, but distinct, elements; a mathematical analysis of the intersection of ellipses, a review of field measurements associated with nuclear waste repository investigations and probabilistic simulations using a lattice network numerical model. We conclude that the model of channels that traverse fracture intersections without necessarily branching is a very likely representation of reality. More generally, assembling all the lines of evidence, it is suggested that groundwater flow systems in fractured crystalline rocks in the environs of underground laboratories have the following characteristics: Groundwater flows within a sparse network of channels just above the percolation limit. The frequency of intersections is low in that individual channels extend considerable distances between significant junctions. Individual channels often extend over many fracture surfaces and the resulting flow system is only weakly related to the density or size of mappable fractures. The sparseness of systems compared to the size of drifts and tunnels means that only a very few flow channels are intersected by drifts and tunnels. Highly convergent flow is required to connect to the rest of the network and this is misinterpreted as a skin of low hydraulic conductivity. Systems are so sparse that they are controlled by a few 'chokes' that give rise to compartments of head, and probably, of groundwater chemistry. Channels occur on all fracture planes, including those within fracture zones, and although the characteristics of the fracture zone channel networks may differ from those in surrounding rocks, they are nonetheless still channel networks. The actively flowing sparse channel network, occurring within any particular rock, is a naturally selected, small sub-set of the available channels. Hence, there are many
An investigation of 'sparse channel networks'. Characteristic behaviours and their causes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Black, J.H. (In Situ Solutions, East Bridgford (GB)); Barker, J.A.; Woodman, N.D. (Univ. of Southampton (GB))
2007-09-15
This report represents a third study in a series concerned with groundwater flow in poorly permeable fractured crystalline rocks. The study has brought together three linked, but distinct, elements; a mathematical analysis of the intersection of ellipses, a review of field measurements associated with nuclear waste repository investigations and probabilistic simulations using a lattice network numerical model. We conclude that the model of channels that traverse fracture intersections without necessarily branching is a very likely representation of reality. More generally, assembling all the lines of evidence, it is suggested that groundwater flow systems in fractured crystalline rocks in the environs of underground laboratories have the following characteristics: Groundwater flows within a sparse network of channels just above the percolation limit. The frequency of intersections is low in that individual channels extend considerable distances between significant junctions. Individual channels often extend over many fracture surfaces and the resulting flow system is only weakly related to the density or size of mappable fractures. The sparseness of systems compared to the size of drifts and tunnels means that only a very few flow channels are intersected by drifts and tunnels. Highly convergent flow is required to connect to the rest of the network and this is misinterpreted as a skin of low hydraulic conductivity. Systems are so sparse that they are controlled by a few 'chokes' that give rise to compartments of head, and probably, of groundwater chemistry. Channels occur on all fracture planes, including those within fracture zones, and although the characteristics of the fracture zone channel networks may differ from those in surrounding rocks, they are nonetheless still channel networks. The actively flowing sparse channel network, occurring within any particular rock, is a naturally selected, small sub-set of the available channels. Hence, there are
Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil
2015-01-01
Random intersection graphs have received much interest and been used in diverse applications. They are naturally induced in modeling secure sensor networks under random key predistribution schemes, as well as in modeling the topologies of social networks including common-interest networks, collaboration networks, and actor networks. Simply put, a random intersection graph is constructed by assigning each node a set of items in some random manner and then putting an edge between any two nodes that share a certain number of items. Broadly speaking, our work is about analyzing random intersection graphs, and models generated by composing it with other random graph models including random geometric graphs and Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'enyi graphs. These compositional models are introduced to capture the characteristics of various complex natural or man-made networks more accurately than the existing models in the literature. For random intersection graphs and their compositions with other random graphs, we study properties su...
Massachusetts Bay - Internal Wave Packets Digitized from SAR Imagery and Intersected with Bathymetry
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This feature class contains internal wave packets digitized from SAR imagery and intersected with bathymetry for Massachusetts Bay. The internal wave packets were...
Haskins, Natoya H.; Ziomek-Daigle, Jolie; Sewell, Cheryl; Crumb, Lonika; Appling, Brandee; Trepal, Heather
2016-01-01
Using phenomenological inquiry, this study explored the lived experiences and intersecting identities of 8 African American counselor educators who are mothers. Six themes were identified: race, professional strain, work-life balance, support, internalized success, and mothering pedagogy.
Monocular trajectory intersection method for 3D motion measurement of a point target
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2009-01-01
This article proposes a monocular trajectory intersection method,a videometrics measurement with a mature theoretical system to solve the 3D motion parameters of a point target.It determines the target’s motion parameters including its 3D trajectory and velocity by intersecting the parametric trajectory of a motion target and series of sight-rays by which a motion camera observes the target,in contrast with the regular intersection method for 3D measurement by which the sight-rays intersect at one point.The method offers an approach to overcome the technical failure of traditional monocular measurements for the 3D motion of a point target and thus extends the application fields of photogrammetry and computer vision.Wide application is expected in passive observations of motion targets on various mobile beds.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This feature class contains internal wave packets digitized from SAR imagery and intersected with tidal zones for Massachusetts Bay. The internal wave packets were...
Metal-organic charge transfer can produce biradical states and is mediated by conical intersections
Tishchenko, Oksana; Li, Ruifang; Truhlar, Donald G.
2010-01-01
The present paper illustrates key features of charge transfer between calcium atoms and prototype conjugated hydrocarbons (ethylene, benzene, and coronene) as elucidated by electronic structure calculations. One- and two-electron charge transfer is controlled by two sequential conical intersections. The two lowest electronic states that undergo a conical intersection have closed-shell and open-shell dominant configurations correlating with the 4s2 and 4s13d1 states of Ca, respectively. Unlike...
Self-intersection local times and collision local times of bifractional Brownian motions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIANG YiMing; WANG YongJin
2009-01-01
In this paper, we consider the local time and the self-intersection local time for a bifrac-tional Brownish motion, and the collision local time for two independent bifractional Brownian motions. We mainly prove the existence and smoothness of the self-intersection local time and the collision local time, through the strong local nondeterminism of bifractional Brownian motion, L2 convergence and Chaos expansion.
The Genus One Gromov-Witten Invariants of Calabi-Yau Complete Intersections
Popa, Alexandra
2010-01-01
We obtain mirror formulas for the genus 1 Gromov-Witten invariants of projective Calabi-Yau complete intersections. We follow the approach previously used for projective hypersurfaces by extending the scope of its algebraic results; there is little change in the geometric aspects. As an application, we check the genus 1 BPS integrality predictions in low degrees for all projective complete intersections of dimensions 3, 4, and 5.
Priority-based coordination of autonomous and legacy vehicles at intersection
Qian, Xiangjun; Gregoire, Jean; Moutarde, Fabien; De La Fortelle, Arnaud
2014-01-01
International audience Recently, researchers have proposed various intersection management techniques that enable autonomous vehicles to cross the intersection without traffic lights or stop signs. In particular, a priority-based coordination system with provable collision-free and deadlock-free features has been presented. In this paper, we extend the priority-based approach to support legacy vehicles without compromising above-mentioned features. We make the hypothesis that legacy vehicl...
Micro-simulation Modeling of Coordination of Automated Guided Vehicles at Intersection
Makarem, Laleh; Pham, Minh Hai; Dumont, André-Gilles; Gillet, Denis
2012-01-01
One of the challenging problems with autonomous vehicles is their performance at intersections. This paper shows an alternative control method for the coordination of autonomous vehicles at intersections. The proposed approach is grounded in multi-robot coordination and it also takes into account vehicle dynamics as well as realistic communication constraints. The existing concept of decentralized navigation functions is combined with a sensing model and a crossing strategy is developed. It i...
Modeling Traffic Flow and Management at Un-signalized, Signalized and Roundabout Road Intersections
R. Kakooza; L. S. Laboobi; J. Y.T. Mugisha
2005-01-01
Traffic congestion continues to hinder economic and social development and also has a negative impact on the environment. A simple mathematical model is used to analyze the different types of road intersections in terms of their Performance in relation to managing traffic congestion and to establish the condition for stability of the road intersections after sufficiently longer periods of time (steady-state). In the analysis, single and double lane un-signalized, signalized and roundabout int...
Arithmetic intersection on a Hilbert modular surface and the Faltings height
Yang, Tonghai
2013-01-01
In this paper, we prove an explicit arithmetic intersection formula between arithmetic Hirzebruch-Zagier divisors and arithmetic CM cycles in a Hilbert modular surface over $\\mathbb Z$. As applications, we obtain the first `non-abelian' Chowla-Selberg formula, which is a special case of Colmez's conjecture; an explicit arithmetic intersection formula between arithmetic Humbert surfaces and CM cycles in the arithmetic Siegel modular variety of genus two; Lauter's conjecture about the denominat...
Self-intersection local times and collision local times of bifractional Brownian motions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2009-01-01
In this paper, we consider the local time and the self-intersection local time for a bifractional Brownian motion, and the collision local time for two independent bifractional Brownian motions. We mainly prove the existence and smoothness of the self-intersection local time and the collision local time, through the strong local nondeterminism of bifractional Brownian motion, L2 convergence and Chaos expansion.
Semi-autonomous Intersection Collision Avoidance through Job-shop Scheduling
Ahn, Heejin; Del Vecchio, Domitilla
2015-01-01
In this paper, we design a supervisor to prevent vehicle collisions at intersections. An intersection is modeled as an area containing multiple conflict points where vehicle paths cross in the future. At every time step, the supervisor determines whether there will be more than one vehicle in the vicinity of a conflict point at the same time. If there is, then an impending collision is detected, and the supervisor overrides the drivers to avoid collision. A major challenge in the design of a ...
Guoqiang Zhang; Yuli Qi; Jun Chen
2016-01-01
At unsignalized intersections, left-turning vehicles from minor road approach are more likely to be involved in traffic conflicts and traffic crashes and are one of the most leading factors impacting traffic efficiency and capacity. The authors of the paper observed that some drivers behaved illegally and dangerously while performing left turns from minor road approach, resulting in abnormal trajectories at unsignalized intersections. By applying binary logistic analysis, a probability predic...
Large-scale molecular dynamics simulations of dislocation intersection in copper
Zhou; Preston; Lomdahl; Beazley
1998-03-01
The results of massively parallel three-dimensional molecular dynamics simulations of the perpendicular intersection of extended dislocations in copper are reported. The intersection process, which involves three of the four possible 111 glide planes in the face-centered cubic lattice, begins with junction formation, followed by unzipping, partial dislocation bowing, cutting, and, finally, unit jog formation. The investigation provides insights into this complex atomistic process, which is currently not accessible to experimental investigation. PMID:9488649
Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels Biophysics of Molecular Excitability
Leuchtag, H. Richard
2008-01-01
Voltage-sensitive ion channels are macromolecules embedded in the membranes of nerve and muscle fibers of animals. Because of their physiological functions, biochemical structures and electrical switching properties, they are at an intersection of biology, chemistry and physics. Despite decades of intensive research under the traditional approach of gated structural pores, the relation between the structure of these molecules and their function remains enigmatic. This book critically examines physically oriented approaches not covered in other ion-channel books. It looks at optical and thermal as well as electrical data, and at studies in the frequency domain as well as in the time domain. Rather than presenting the reader with only an option of mechanistic models at an inappropriate pseudo-macroscopic scale, it emphasizes concepts established in organic chemistry and condensed state physics. The book’s approach to the understanding of these unique structures breaks with the unproven view of ion channels as...
Capacity Estimation Model for Signalized Intersections under the Impact of Access Point.
Zhao, Jing; Li, Peng; Zhou, Xizhao
2016-01-01
Highway Capacity Manual 2010 provides various factors to adjust the base saturation flow rate for the capacity analysis of signalized intersections. No factors, however, is considered for the potential change of signalized intersections capacity caused by the access point closeing to the signalized intersection. This paper presented a theoretical model to estimate the lane group capacity at signalized intersections with the consideration of the effects of access points. Two scenarios of access point locations, upstream or downstream of the signalized intersection, and impacts of six types of access traffic flow are taken into account. The proposed capacity model was validated based on VISSIM simulation. Results of extensive numerical analysis reveal the substantial impact of access point on the capacity, which has an inverse correlation with both the number of major street lanes and the distance between the intersection and access point. Moreover, among the six types of access traffic flows, the access traffic flow 1 (right-turning traffic from major street), flow 4 (left-turning traffic from access point), and flow 5 (left-turning traffic from major street) cause a more significant effect on lane group capacity than others. Some guidance on the mitigation of the negative effect is provided for practitioners. PMID:26726998
Multimodal injury risk analysis of road users at signalized and non-signalized intersections.
Strauss, Jillian; Miranda-Moreno, Luis F; Morency, Patrick
2014-10-01
This paper proposes a multimodal approach to study safety at intersections by simultaneously analysing the safety and flow outcomes for both motorized and non-motorized traffic. This study uses an extensive inventory of signalized and non-signalized intersections on the island of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, containing disaggregate motor-vehicle, cyclist and pedestrian flows, injury data, geometric design, traffic control and built environment characteristics in the vicinity of each intersection. Bayesian multivariate Poisson models are used to analyze the injury and traffic flow outcomes and to develop safety performance functions for each mode at both facilities. After model calibration, contributing injury frequency factors are identified. Injury frequency and injury risk measures are then generated to carry out a comparative study to identify which mode is at greatest risk at intersections in Montreal. Among other results, this study identified the significant effect that motor-vehicle traffic imposes on cyclist and pedestrian injury occurrence. Motor-vehicle traffic is the main risk determinant for all injury and intersection types. This highlights the need for safety improvements for cyclists and pedestrians who are, on average, at 14 and12 times greater risk than motorists, respectively, at signalized intersections. Aside from exposure measures, this work also identifies some geometric design and built environment characteristics affecting injury occurrence for cyclists, pedestrians and motor-vehicle occupants. PMID:24945759
Pätzold, Matthias
2011-01-01
Providing a comprehensive overview of the modelling, analysis and simulation of mobile radio channels, this book gives a detailed understanding of fundamental issues and examines state-of-the-art techniques in mobile radio channel modelling. It analyses several mobile fading channels, including terrestrial and satellite flat-fading channels, various types of wideband channels and advanced MIMO channels, providing a fundamental understanding of the issues currently being investigated in the field. Important classes of narrowband, wideband, and space-time wireless channels are explored in deta
Lifting as We Climb: Recognizing Intersectional Gender Violence in Law
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shreya Atrey
2015-12-01
Full Text Available This paper interrogates the meaning of lifting all women as we climb the ladder of gender equality and justice by recognizing that gender violence affects women differently. This is because violence against women is perpetrated not only on the basis of their gender or sex but also other identities of race, religion, caste, region, age, disability, nationality, sexual orientation etc. With reference to CEDAW jurisprudence and examples from India, I seek to explain this understanding with the help of a normative framework of ‘intersectional integrity’. The framework insists on considering claimants as a whole by tracing unique and shared patterns of gender violence when it is also based on other identities such as race, religion, caste, region, age, disability, nationality, and sexual orientation. I argue that applying the framework allows us to diagnose and address the nature of violence suffered on multiple identities, in a clear and comprehensive way. Este artículo cuestiona el sentido de levantar a todas las mujeres a medida que se asciende la escalera de la igualdad de género y la justicia, reconociendo que la violencia de género afecta a las mujeres de manera diferente. Esto se debe a que la violencia contra las mujeres se comete no sólo sobre la base de su género o sexo, sino también por su raza, religión, casta, región, edad, discapacidad, nacionalidad, orientación sexual, etc. Se pretende explicar esta afirmación con la ayuda de un marco normativo de “integridad interseccional”, a través de referencias a la jurisprudencia del CEDAW y ejemplos de la India. El marco insiste en considerar a las demandantes en su conjunto, trazando patrones únicos y compartidos de violencia de género cuando se basa también en otras identidades como raza, religión, casta, región, edad, discapacidad, nacionalidad, orientación sexual. Se sostiene que la aplicación del marco permite diagnosticar y abordar la naturaleza de la violencia
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Olson, Marvin
2016-01-12
A method, system, and apparatus for installing channel nuts includes a shank, a handle formed on a first end of a shank, and an end piece with a threaded shaft configured to receive a channel nut formed on the second end of the shaft. The tool can be used to insert or remove a channel nut in a channel framing system and then removed from the channel nut.
Pohorille, A.; Wilson, M. A.; Wei, C.
2009-12-01
Supplying protocells with ions required assistance from channels spanning their membrane walls. The earliest channels were most likely short proteins that formed transmembrane helical bundles surrounding a water-filled pore. These simple aggregates were capable of transporting ions with efficiencies comparable to those of complex, contemporary ion channels. Channels with wide pores exhibited little ion selectivity but also imposed only modest constraints on amino acid sequences of channel-forming proteins. Channels with small pores could have been selective but also might have required a more precisely defined sequence of amino acids. In contrast to modern channels, their protocellular ancestors had only limited capabilities to regulate ion flux. It is postulated that subsequent evolution of ion channels progressed primarily to acquire precise regulation, and not high efficiency or selectivity. It is further proposed that channels and the surrounding membranes co-evolved.
Gramicidin Channels: Versatile Tools
Andersen, Olaf S.; Koeppe, Roger E., II; Roux, Benoît
Gramicidin channels are miniproteins in which two tryptophan-rich subunits associate by means of transbilayer dimerization to form the conducting channels. That is, in contrast to other ion channels, gramicidin channels do not open and close; they appear and disappear. Each subunit in the bilayer-spanning channel is tied to the bilayer/solution interface through hydrogen bonds that involve the indole NH groups as donors andwater or the phospholipid backbone as acceptors. The channel's permeability characteristics are well-defined: gramicidin channels are selective for monovalent cations, with no measurable permeability to anions or polyvalent cations; ions and water move through a pore whose wall is formed by the peptide backbone; and the single-channel conductance and cation selectivity vary when the amino acid sequence is varied, even though the permeating ions make no contact with the amino acid side chains. Given the plethora of available experimental information—for not only the wild-type channels but also for channels formed by amino acid-substituted gramicidin analogues—gramicidin channels continue to provide important insights into the microphysics of ion permeation through bilayer-spanning channels. For similar reasons, gramicidin channels constitute a system of choice for evaluating computational strategies for obtaining mechanistic insights into ion permeation through the more complex channels formed by integral membrane proteins.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dirk Morschett, Dr.,
2005-01-01
Full Text Available Multi-channel retailing entails the parallel use by retailing enterprises of several sales channels. The results of an online buyer survey which has been conducted to investigate the impact of multi-channel retailing (i.e. the use of several retail channels by one retail company on consumer behaviour show that the frequently expressed concern that the application of multi-channel systems in retailing would be associated with cannibalization effects, has proven unfounded. Indeed, the appropriate degree of similarity, consistency, integration and agreement achieves the exact opposite. Different channels create different advantages for consumers. Therefore the total benefit an enterprise which has a multi-channel system can offer to its consumers is larger, the greater the number of available channels. The use of multi-channel systems is associated with additional purchases in the different channels. Such systems are thus superior to those offering only one sales channel to their customers. Furthermore, multi-channel systems with integrated channels are superior to those in which the channels are essentially autonomous and independent of one another. In integrated systems, consumers can achieve synergy effects in the use of sales-channel systems. Accordingly, when appropriately formulated, multi-channel systems in retailing impact positively on consumers. They use the channels more frequently, buy more from them and there is a positive customer-loyalty impact. Multi-channel systems are strategic options for achieving customer loyalty, exploiting customer potential and for winning new customers. They are thus well suited for approaching differing and varied target groups.
Strauss, Jillian; Miranda-Moreno, Luis F; Morency, Patrick
2013-10-01
This study proposes a two-equation Bayesian modelling approach to simultaneously study cyclist injury occurrence and bicycle activity at signalized intersections as joint outcomes. This approach deals with the potential presence of endogeneity and unobserved heterogeneities and is used to identify factors associated with both cyclist injuries and volumes. Its application to identify high-risk corridors is also illustrated. Montreal, Quebec, Canada is the application environment, using an extensive inventory of a large sample of signalized intersections containing disaggregate motor-vehicle traffic volumes and bicycle flows, geometric design, traffic control and built environment characteristics in the vicinity of the intersections. Cyclist injury data for the period of 2003-2008 is used in this study. Also, manual bicycle counts were standardized using temporal and weather adjustment factors to obtain average annual daily volumes. Results confirm and quantify the effects of both bicycle and motor-vehicle flows on cyclist injury occurrence. Accordingly, more cyclists at an intersection translate into more cyclist injuries but lower injury rates due to the non-linear association between bicycle volume and injury occurrence. Furthermore, the results emphasize the importance of turning motor-vehicle movements. The presence of bus stops and total crosswalk length increase cyclist injury occurrence whereas the presence of a raised median has the opposite effect. Bicycle activity through intersections was found to increase as employment, number of metro stations, land use mix, area of commercial land use type, length of bicycle facilities and the presence of schools within 50-800 m of the intersection increase. Intersections with three approaches are expected to have fewer cyclists than those with four. Using Bayesian analysis, expected injury frequency and injury rates were estimated for each intersection and used to rank corridors. Corridors with high bicycle volumes
A Beacon Transmission Power Control Algorithm Based on Wireless Channel Load Forecasting in VANETs.
Mo, Yuanfu; Yu, Dexin; Song, Jun; Zheng, Kun; Guo, Yajuan
2015-01-01
In a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), the periodic exchange of single-hop status information broadcasts (beacon frames) produces channel loading, which causes channel congestion and induces information conflict problems. To guarantee fairness in beacon transmissions from each node and maximum network connectivity, adjustment of the beacon transmission power is an effective method for reducing and preventing channel congestion. In this study, the primary factors that influence wireless channel loading are selected to construct the KF-BCLF, which is a channel load forecasting algorithm based on a recursive Kalman filter and employs multiple regression equation. By pre-adjusting the transmission power based on the forecasted channel load, the channel load was kept within a predefined range; therefore, channel congestion was prevented. Based on this method, the CLF-BTPC, which is a transmission power control algorithm, is proposed. To verify KF-BCLF algorithm, a traffic survey method that involved the collection of floating car data along a major traffic road in Changchun City is employed. By comparing this forecast with the measured channel loads, the proposed KF-BCLF algorithm was proven to be effective. In addition, the CLF-BTPC algorithm is verified by simulating a section of eight-lane highway and a signal-controlled urban intersection. The results of the two verification process indicate that this distributed CLF-BTPC algorithm can effectively control channel load, prevent channel congestion, and enhance the stability and robustness of wireless beacon transmission in a vehicular network. PMID:26571042
Garnett, Bernice Raveche; Masyn, Katherine E; Austin, S Bryn; Miller, Matthew; Williams, David R; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula
2014-08-01
Discrimination is commonly experienced among adolescents. However, little is known about the intersection of multiple attributes of discrimination and bullying. We used a latent class analysis (LCA) to illustrate the intersections of discrimination attributes and bullying, and to assess the associations of LCA membership to depressive symptoms, deliberate self harm and suicidal ideation among a sample of ethnically diverse adolescents. The data come from the 2006 Boston Youth Survey where students were asked whether they had experienced discrimination based on four attributes: race/ethnicity, immigration status, perceived sexual orientation and weight. They were also asked whether they had been bullied or assaulted for these attributes. A total of 965 (78%) students contributed to the LCA analytic sample (45% Non-Hispanic Black, 29% Hispanic, 58% Female). The LCA revealed that a 4-class solution had adequate relative and absolute fit. The 4-classes were characterized as: low discrimination (51%); racial discrimination (33%); sexual orientation discrimination (7%); racial and weight discrimination with high bullying (intersectional class) (7%). In multivariate models, compared to the low discrimination class, individuals in the sexual orientation discrimination class and the intersectional class had higher odds of engaging in deliberate self-harm. Students in the intersectional class also had higher odds of suicidal ideation. All three discrimination latent classes had significantly higher depressive symptoms compared to the low discrimination class. Multiple attributes of discrimination and bullying co-occur among adolescents. Research should consider the co-occurrence of bullying and discrimination. PMID:24318776
Help the Genetic Algorithm to Minimize the Urban Traffic on Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dadmehr Rahbari
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Control of traffic lights at the intersections of the main issues is the optimal traffic. Intersections to regulate traffic flow of vehicles and eliminate conflicting traffic flows are used. Modeling and simulation of traffic are widely used in industry. In fact, the modeling and simulation of an industrial system is studied before creating economically and when it is affordable. The aim of this article is a smart way to control traffic. The first stage of the project with the objective of collecting statistical data (cycle time of each of the intersection of the lights of vehicles is waiting for a red light steps where the data collection found optimal amounts next it is. Introduced by genetic algorithm optimization of parameters is performed. GA begin with coding step as a binary variable (the range specified by the initial data set is obtained will start with an initial population and then a new generation of genetic operators mutation and crossover and will Finally, the members of the optimal fitness values are selected as the solution set. The optimal output of Petri nets CPN TOOLS modeling and software have been implemented. The results indicate that the performance improvement project in intersections traffic control systems. It is known that other data collected and enforced intersections of evolutionary methods such as genetic algorithms to reduce the waiting time for traffic lights behind the red lights and to determine the appropriate cycle.
Calcium channel blocker overdose
... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002580.htm Calcium channel blocker overdose To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Calcium channel blockers are a type of medicine used ...
Seng, Julia S.; Lopez, William D.; Sperlich, Mickey; Hamama, Lydia; Meldrum, Caroline D Reed
2012-01-01
Intersectionality is a term used to describe the intersecting effects of race, class, gender, and other marginalizing characteristics that contribute to social identity and affect health. Adverse health effects are thought to occur via social processes including discrimination and structural inequalities (i.e., reduced opportunities for education and income). Although intersectionality has been well-described conceptually, approaches to modeling it in quantitative studies of health outcomes a...
Kaminsky, Andrew D.
2003-01-01
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. Dynamic Channel Allocation (DCA) offers the possibility of capturing unused channel capacity by allocating unused resources between competing network nodes. This can reduce or possibly eliminate channels sitting idle while information awaits transmission. This holds potential for increasing throughput on bandwidth constrained networks. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the techniques used to allocate channels on demand and acc...
Vascularized networks with two optimized channel sizes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper reports the development of optimal vascularization for supplying self-healing smart materials with liquid that fills and seals the cracks that may occur throughout their volume. The vascularization consists of two-dimensional grids of interconnected orthogonal channels with two hydraulic diameters (D1, D2). The smallest square loop is designed to match the size (d) of the smallest crack. The network is sealed with respect to the outside and is filled with pressurized liquid. In this work, the crack site is modelled as a small spherical volume of diameter d. When a crack is formed, fluid flows from neighbouring channels to the crack site. This volume-to-point flow is optimized using two formulations: (1) incompressible liquid from steady constant-strength sources located in every node of the grid and from sources located equidistantly on the perimeter of the vascularized body of length scale L and (2) slightly compressible liquid from an initially pressurized grid discharging in time-dependent fashion into one crack site. The flow in every channel is laminar and fully developed. The objectives are (a) to minimize the global resistance to the flow from the grid to the crack site and (b) to minimize the time of discharge from the pressurized grid to the crack site. It is shown that methods (a) and (b) yield similar results. There is an optimal ratio of channel diameters D2/D1 1 D2). The optimized ratio of diameters and the minimized global resistance depend on how the grid intersects the crack site: this effect is minor and stresses the robustness of the vascularized design
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Stott, Jennifer B; Jepps, Thomas Andrew; Greenwood, Iain A
2014-01-01
Potassium channels are key regulators of smooth muscle tone, with increases in activity resulting in hyperpolarisation of the cell membrane, which acts to oppose vasoconstriction. Several potassium channels exist within smooth muscle, but the KV7 family of voltage-gated potassium channels have been...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Quantum memory channels represent a very general, yet simple and comprehensible model for causal processes. As such they have attracted considerable research interest, mostly aimed on their transfer capabilities and structure properties. Most notably it was shown that memory channels can be implemented via physically naturally motivated collision models. We also define the concept of repeatable channels and show that only unital channels can be implemented repeat ably with pure memory channels. In the special case of qubit channels we also show that every unital qubit channel has a repeatable implementation. We also briefly explore the possibilities of stroboscopical simulation of channels and show that all random unitary channels can be stroboscopically simulated. Particularly in qubit case, all indivisible qubit channels are also random unitary, hence for qubit all indivisible channels can be stroboscopically simulated. Memory channels also naturally capture the framework of correlated experiments. We develop methods to gather and interpret data obtained in such setting and in detail examine the two qubit case. We also show that for control unitary interactions the measured data will never contradict a simple unitary evolution. Thus no memory effects can be spotted then. (author)
Quantum Multiple Access Channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
侯广; 黄民信; 张永德
2002-01-01
We consider the transmission of classical information over a quantum channel by many senders, which is a generalization of the two-sender case. The channel capacity region is shown to be a convex hull bound by the yon Neumann entropy and the conditional yon Neumann entropies. The result allows a reasonable distribution of channel capacity over the senders.
Hansen, Michael
2008-01-01
In this paper we describe what a desynchronised channel on IRC is. We give procedures on how to create such a channel and how to remove desynchronisation. We explain which types of desynchronisation there are, what properties desynchronised channels have, and which properties can be exploited.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pizzocchero, Filippo; Bøggild, Peter; Booth, Tim
2013-01-01
channels, which are aligned with the intersections of the (100) surface of the wafer and the {110} planes on an oxidized silicon wafer, as well as endotaxial copper silicide nanoparticles within the wafer bulk. We apply energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, in combination with scanning and transmission...... electron microscopy of focused ion beam fabricated lammelas and trenches in the structure to elucidate the process of their formation....
Intersecting D-branes, Chern-kernels and the inflow mechanism
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We analyse a system of arbitrarily intersecting D-branes in ten-dimensional supergravity. Chiral anomalies are supported on the intersection branes, called I-branes. For non-transversal intersections anomaly cancellation has been realized until now only cohomologically but not locally, due to short-distance singularities. In this paper we present a consistent local cancellation mechanism, writing the δ-like brane currents as differentials of the recently introduced Chern-kernels, J=dK. In particular, for the first time we achieve anomaly cancellation for dual pairs of D-branes. The Chern-kernel approach allows to construct an effective action for the RR-fields which is free from singularities and cancels the quantum anomalies on all D-branes and I-branes
New Meta-Heuristic for Combinatorial Optimization Problems:Intersection Based Scaling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Peng Zou; Zhi Zhou; Ying-Yu Wan; Guo-Liang Chen; Jun Gu
2004-01-01
Combinatorial optimization problems are found in many application fields such as computer science, engineering and economy. In this paper, a new efficient meta-heuristic, Intersection-Based Scaling (IBS for abbreviation),is proposed and it can be applied to the combinatorial optimization problems. The main idea of IBS is to scale the size of the instance based on the intersection of some local optima, and to simplify the search space by extracting the intersection from the instance, which makes the search more efficient. The combination of IBS with some local search heuristics of different combinatorial optimization problems such as Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) and Graph Partitioning Problem (GPP) is studied, and comparisons are made with some of the best heuristic algorithms and meta-heuristic algorithms. It is found that it has significantly improved the performance of existing local search heuristics and significantly outperforms the known best algorithms.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ciyun Lin
2015-01-01
Full Text Available This paper aims at the traffic flow agglomeration effect characteristics and rapid evacuation requirement in sudden disaster; operation time of intraregional boundaries traffic signal coordination was presented firstly. Then intraregional boundaries intersection group dynamic subdivision and consolidation method based on relative similarity degree and similarity coefficient of adjacent intersections was put forward. As to make the traffic control strategy adapt to traffic condition of different intraregional boundaries intersection groups, this paper proposes an intraregional boundaries traffic signal coordination and optimization technology based on organic computing theory. Finally, this paper uses Delphi 7.0, MapX, and Oracle developing a software package, combined with Paramics V6 Simulator to validate the methods of this paper. The result shows that it can obviously improve disaster affected regional traffic signal control efficiency which reduces average traffic delay by 30–35%, decreases vehicle queue by more than 20% and reduces evacuation time more than 13.06%.
Optimal Control and Coordination of Connected and Automated Vehicles at Urban Traffic Intersections
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Yue J. [Boston University; Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Cassandras, Christos G. [Boston University
2016-01-01
We address the problem of coordinating online a continuous flow of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) crossing two adjacent intersections in an urban area. We present a decentralized optimal control framework whose solution yields for each vehicle the optimal acceleration/deceleration at any time in the sense of minimizing fuel consumption. The solu- tion, when it exists, allows the vehicles to cross the intersections without the use of traffic lights, without creating congestion on the connecting road, and under the hard safety constraint of collision avoidance. The effectiveness of the proposed solution is validated through simulation considering two intersections located in downtown Boston, and it is shown that coordination of CAVs can reduce significantly both fuel consumption and travel time.
Set methods of left-turn waiting zone at signalized intersection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DING Wei; YANG Xiao-guang; YANG Xiao-long
2009-01-01
To maximize the number of vehicles passing by the stop-line in a cycle and improve the operation ef-ficiency of intersection in China, the settlement of left-turn lane waiting-zone is becoming prevailing. Based on conflicting-point method, the internal mechanism of left-turn flow after stopping line was analyzed through taking postposition left-turn lane waiting-zone intersection for instance. The relationship between the first left-turn vehi-cle and the last vehicle of previous phase passing the conflicting point was expounded. According to the time of successive arriving of two vehicle flows at conflicting-point, the reasonable layout for waiting area of left-turn ve-hicles was researched when the clearance index was less than O. The results suggest that the appropriate layoutfor waiting area of left-turning vehicles can improve the operation efficiency of intersections.
Vehicular traffic flow at an intersection with the possibility of turning
Ebrahim Foulaadvand, M.; Belbasi, Somayyeh
2011-03-01
We have developed a Nagel-Schreckenberg cellular automata model for describing a vehicular traffic flow at a single intersection. A set of traffic lights operating in a fixed-time scheme controls the traffic flow. An open boundary condition is applied to the streets each of which conducts a unidirectional flow. Streets are single lane and cars can turn upon reaching to the intersection with prescribed probabilities. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations are carried out to find the model flow characteristics. In particular, we investigate the flow dependence on signalization parameters, turning probabilities and input rates. It is shown that for each set of parameters, there exists a plateau region inside which the total outflow from the intersection remains almost constant. We also compute total waiting time of vehicles per cycle behind red lights for various control parameters.
Coherent control using kinetic energy and the geometric phase of a conical intersection
Liekhus-Schmaltz, Chelsea; Kaldun, Andreas; Cryan, James P; Bucksbaum, Philip H
2016-01-01
Conical intersections (CI) between molecular potential energy surfaces with non-vanishing non-adiabatic couplings generally occur in any molecule consisting of at least three atoms. They play a fundamental role in describing the molecular dynamics beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation and have been used to understand a large variety of effects, from photofragmentation and isomerization to more exotic applications such as exciton fission in semiconductors. However, few studies have used the features of a CI as a tool for coherent control. Here we demonstrate two modes of control around a conical intersection. The first uses a continuous light field to control the population on the two intersecting electronic states in the vicinity of a CI. The second uses a pulsed light field to control wavepackets that are subjected to the geometric phase shift in transit around a CI. This second technique is likely to be useful for studying the role of nuclear dynamics in electronic coherence phenomena.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guoqiang Zhang
2016-01-01
Full Text Available At unsignalized intersections, left-turning vehicles from minor road approach are more likely to be involved in traffic conflicts and traffic crashes and are one of the most leading factors impacting traffic efficiency and capacity. The authors of the paper observed that some drivers behaved illegally and dangerously while performing left turns from minor road approach, resulting in abnormal trajectories at unsignalized intersections. By applying binary logistic analysis, a probability prediction model was developed to explore various factors affecting probability of normal path taken by drivers while turning left from minor road approach. Based upon the model, measures such as lowering running speeds of vehicles on major road or minor road and adding more lanes on minor road can be used to encourage more drivers to take normal vehicle paths, which is helpful for the improvement of traffic safety, efficiency, and capacity. Results of the paper can be used for the guidance of design and management of unsignalized intersections.
Design, analysis, and testing of a metal matrix composite web/flange intersection
Biggers, S. B.; Knight, N. F., Jr.; Moran, S. G.; Olliffe, R.
1992-01-01
An experimental and analytical program to study the local design details of a typical T-shaped web/flange intersection made from a metal matrix composite is described. Loads creating flange bending were applied to specimens having different designs and boundary conditions. Finite element analyses were conducted on models of the test specimens to predict the structural response. The analyses correctly predict failure load, mode, and location in the fillet material in the intersection region of the web and the flange when specimen quality is good. The test program shows the importance of fabrication quality in the intersection region. The full-scale test program that led to the investigation of this local detail is also described.
Vehicular traffic flow at an intersection with the possibility of turning
Foulaadvand, M Ebrahim; 10.1088/1751-8113/44/10/105001
2011-01-01
We have developed a Nagel-Schreckenberg cellular automata model for describing of vehicular traffic flow at a single intersection. A set of traffic lights operating in fixed-time scheme controls the traffic flow. Open boundary condition is applied to the streets each of which conduct a uni-directional flow. Streets are single-lane and cars can turn upon reaching to the intersection with prescribed probabilities. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations are carried out to find the model flow characteristics. In particular, we investigate the flows dependence on the signalisation parameters, turning probabilities and input rates. It is shown that for each set of parameters, there exist a plateau region inside which the total outflow from the intersection remains almost constant. We also compute total waiting time of vehicles per cycle behind red lights for various control parameters.
METHOD OF DETERMINING THE CURVE OF INTERSECTION BETWEEN A CYLINDRICAL SURFACE AND A TORUS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ivona Petre
2010-01-01
Full Text Available The intersections of the cylindrical surfaces with a torus are often met in practice, for instance in the pneumatictransport installations for the intermediate products resulted from grist. The descriptive geometry is the foundation ofthe engineering sciences, giving force looking into space, much necessary to the specialists in this domain. She is theway to solve the problems in design and is one interdisciplinary link in the training of specialists in engineeringscience.The general method of construction of the curve of intersection of two surfaces is to find as many of its points, that itcan be drawn as accurately. Such points can be found using auxiliary surfaces (plan or spherical, which intersects thefirsts. The paper solves graphical one of these applications, using the classical method of the descriptive geometry.
Evaluation of Self-Intersecting Wilson Loop in the Stochastic Vacuum Model
Dmitri AntonovINFN, Pisa
2015-01-01
A Wilson loop is evaluated within the stochastic vacuum model for the case when the respective contour is self-intersecting and its size does not exceed the correlation length of the vacuum. The result has the form of a certain functional of the tensor area. It is similar to that for the non-self-intersecting loop only when the contour is a plane one. Even for such a contour, the obtained expression depends on the ratio of two functions parametrizing the bilocal field strength correlator take...
Evolution of light-like Wilson loops with a self-intersection in loop space
Mertens, T.; Taels, P.
2013-01-01
Recently, we proposed a general evolution equation for single quadrilateral Wilson loops on the light-cone. In the present work, we study the energy evolution of a combination of two such loops that partially overlap or have a self-intersection. We show that, for a class of geometric variations, the evolution is consistent with our previous conjecture, and we are able to handle the intricacies associated with the self-intersections and overlaps. This way, a step forward is made towards the un...
Axis intersection measurement of three-axis turntable with two crosshair targets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
REN Shun-qing; MA Guang-cheng; WANG Chang-hong
2005-01-01
In order to measure three-axis intersection error, two crosshair targets were fixed in the inner axis frame of a three-axis turntable. Also a theodolite was used to point its telescope to the targets and to measure the horizontal angles when three axes were on equi-spaced angle positions. The calculation equations of the axis intersection were deduced from the mounting position of the theodolite, positions of two targets, angular positions of three axes, and the measured horizontal angles with the theodolite. Finally, a practical measurement is carried out on a horizontal three-axis turntable and error analysis is conducted.
Zamani, J; Soltani, B; Aghaei, M
2014-10-01
An elastic solution of cylinder-truncated cone shell intersection under internal pressure is presented. The edge solution theory that has been used in this study takes bending moments and shearing forces into account in the thin-walled shell of revolution element. The general solution of the cone equations is based on power series method. The effect of cone apex angle on the stress distribution in conical and cylindrical parts of structure is investigated. In addition, the effect of the intersection and boundary locations on the circumferential and longitudinal stresses is evaluated and it is shown that how quantitatively they are essential. PMID:25053860
Supersymmetric Intersecting D6-Branes and Fluxes in Massive Type IIA String Theory
Behrndt, K.; Cvetic, M.
2004-01-01
We study N=1 supersymmetric four-dimensional solutions of massive Type IIA supergravity with intersecting D6-branes in the presence NS-NS three-form fluxes. We derive N=1 supersymmetry conditions for the D6-brane and flux configurations in an internal manifold $X_6$ and derive the intrinsic torsion (or SU(3)-structure) related to the fluxes. In the absence of fluxes, N=1 supersymmetry implies that D6-branes wrap supersymmetric three-cycles of $X_6$ that intersect at angles of SU(3) rotations ...
Stress determination along the intersection curve of pipe joints using the finite element method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The calculation of the stress distribution along the intersection curve of T- and Y-joint connections based on an analytical approach using non-shallow shell theory for the chord and branch pipes, is extremely cumber some because of the mathematical difficulties involved. Approximations which lead to the shallow thin shell theory cannot give reliable results, especially for large values of branch/chord-diameter ratios, because of the localised character of the three-dimensional state of stress. On the other hand, the finite element descretisation of the joint structure is a reliable method for predicting the stress gradients at the intersection. (orig./DG)
On Calabi-Yau generalized complete intersections from Hirzebruch varieties and novel K3-fibrations
Berglund, Per
2016-01-01
We consider the construction of Calabi-Yau varieties recently generalized to where the defining equations may have negative degrees over some projective space factors in the embedding space. Within such "generalized complete intersection" Calabi-Yau ("gCICY") three-folds, we find several sequences of distinct manifolds. These include both novel elliptic and K3-fibrations and involve Hirzebruch surfaces and their higher dimensional analogues. En route, we generalize the standard techniques of cohomology computation to these generalized complete intersection Calabi-Yau varieties.
Weakly R-KKM mappings intersection theorems and minimax inequalities in topological spaces
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DENG Lei; YANG Ming-ge
2007-01-01
In this paper, we introduce the concepts of weakly R-KKM mappings, R-convex and R-β-quasiconvex in general topological spaces without any convex structure.Relating to these, we obtain an extension to general topological spaces of Fan's matching theorem, namely that Lemma 1.2 in this paper. On this basis, two intersection theorems are proved in topological spaces. By using intersection theorems, some minimax inequalities of Ky Fan type are also proved in topological spaces. Our results generalize and improve the corresponding results in the literature.
Intersection of a line and a convex hull of points cloud
Koptelov, R. P.; Konashkova, A. M.
2013-01-01
An algorithm for intersection a line and a convex hull of points cloud is presented. The algorithm doesn't require the convex hull construction. The points cloud can be arbitrary and not sorted, no topology, face list or edge list is known. The algorithm uses only vertices coordinates. Standard transformation of coordinates is performed and the points cloud is bisected by two perpendicular planes. Yielded 1D points set lies at the line. Bounds of the set are intersection points of the points ...
Self-intersection number of BPS junctions in backgrounds of three and seven-branes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In a recent paper DeWolfe et al. have shown how to use the self-intersection number of junctions to constrain the BPS spectrum of N=2, D=4 theories with ADE flavor symmetry arising on a single D3-brane probe in a 7-brane background. Motivated by the existence of more general N=2, D=4 theories arising on the worldvolume of multiple D3-brane probes we show how to compute the self-intersection number of junctions in the presence of 7-branes and multiple D3-branes. (author)
Monotone Increasing Properties and Their Phase Transitions in Uniform Random Intersection Graphs
Zhao, Jun; Yağan, Osman; Gligor, Virgil
2015-01-01
Uniform random intersection graphs have received much interest and been used in diverse applications. A uniform random intersection graph with $n$ nodes is constructed as follows: each node selects a set of $K_n$ different items uniformly at random from the same pool of $P_n$ distinct items, and two nodes establish an undirected edge in between if and only if they share at least one item. For such graph denoted by $G(n, K_n, P_n)$, we present the following results in this paper. First, we pro...
Localized intersections of M5-branes and four-dimensional superconformal field theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We write supersymmetry preserving conditions for infinite M5-branes intersecting on a (3+1)-dimensional space. In contrast to previously known solutions, these intersections are completely localized. We solve the equations for a particular class of configurations which in the near-horizon decoupling limit are dual to Nf=2Nc Seiberg-Witten superconformal field theories with gauge group SU(N) and generalisations to SU(N)n. We also discuss the relationship to D3-branes in the presence of an Ak singularity. (author)
Intersectionality in European Union policymaking: the case of gender-based violence
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Agustin, Lise Rolandsen; Lombardo, Emanuela
2016-01-01
particularly apt to deal with equality and diversity in policymaking. By analysing a selection of European Union policy documents on gender-based violence in the period 2000–2014, we attend to the question of what intersectionality can bring to policymaking in terms of strengthening inclusiveness and address......Inclusiveness of different social groups and responsiveness to the needs of increasingly diverse societies are key criteria for policy analysts to assess the quality of public policies. We argue that an intersectional approach attentive to the interaction of gender with other inequalities is...
Intersection how enterprise design bridges the gap between business, technology, and people
Guenther, Milan
2012-01-01
Many organizations struggle with the dynamics and the complexity of today''s social ecosystems that connect everyone and everything, everywhere and all the time. Facing challenges at the intersection of business models, technical developments, and human needs, modern enterprises must overcome the siloed thinking and isolated efforts of the past, and instead address their relationships to people holistically. In Intersection, Milan Guenther introduces a Strategic Design approach that aligns the overarching efforts of Branding, Enterprise Architecture, and Experience Design, and sets them on a
Saunier, Nicolas
2010-01-01
Intersections constitute one of the most dangerous elements in road systems. Traffic signals remain the most common way to control traffic at high-volume intersections and offer many opportunities to apply intelligent transportation systems to make traffic more efficient and safe. This paper describes an automated method to estimate the temporal exposure of road users crossing the conflict zone to lateral collision with road users originating from a different approach. This component is part of a larger system relying on video sensors to provide queue lengths and spatial occupancy that are used for real time traffic control and monitoring. The method is evaluated on data collected during a real world experiment.
Research on Intersections of Cone and Cylinder%柱锥面交线研究
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
胡志刚; 郑秋白
2015-01-01
This paper aims is to discuss the intersections determination of two plane tangent convolutes, a cylinder and a cone, and to analyze different intersection results under different parameters entry, so as to deliver a kind of effective mathematical basis for CAD intersection construction. For a cylinder and a cone, the existence-judgment equation of intersection lines is given. It is also analyzed that intersection existence conditions, numbers and shape properties in both parametric formulas and geometry at special spatial positions, while the method discussion was made of getting exact tangent point of two surfaces at normal spatial position. The structural diagram is delivered of parametric drawing program of multiview, some processing methods coping with several key problems of drawing intersection curve are listed, too. Different intersection lines resulting in connection with corresponding parameters entry are analyzed. The implementation has the functions of multiview drawing, dimensioning and writing main parameters and coordinate data to a data file for intersection lines.%论文就相交切面型回转面中的圆柱、圆锥面交线的计算进行详细探讨，对不同输入参数下交线产生的结果进行分析，为 CAD 中锥柱求交的部分提供一种有效的算法基础。给出了圆柱、圆锥表面交线存在的判别式，对交线在特殊位置下存在的参数条件、不同交线数量及形态特点进行了解析和几何分析，对一般位置下圆柱、圆锥面存在交线的特殊情况，即表面切点的计算进行了方法讨论；提供了相交圆柱、圆锥表面及其交线参数化绘图的程序设计思路和所涉及到的一些关键问题的处理方法，应用程序以对话框输入初始参数，能实现自动绘制圆柱、圆锥面及其交线多面投影视图、尺寸标注及将主要尺寸、参数及交线的坐标数据写入数据文件。
Capacities of Grassmann channels
Bradler, Kamil; Jauregui, Rocio
2010-01-01
A new class of quantum channels called Grassmann channels is introduced and their classical and quantum capacity is calculated. The channel class appears in a study of the two-mode squeezing operator constructed from operators satisfying the fermionic algebra. We compare Grassmann channels with the channels induced by the bosonic two-mode squeezing operator. Among other results, we challenge the relevance of calculating entanglement measures to assess or compare the ability of bosonic and fermionic states to send quantum information to uniformly accelerated frames.
Source and Channel Coding for Correlated Sources Over Multiuser Channels
Gunduz, Deniz; Erkip, Elza; Goldsmith, Andrea; Poor, H. Vincent
2008-01-01
Source and channel coding over multiuser channels in which receivers have access to correlated source side information is considered. For several multiuser channel models necessary and sufficient conditions for optimal separation of the source and channel codes are obtained. In particular, the multiple access channel, the compound multiple access channel, the interference channel and the two-way channel with correlated sources and correlated receiver side information are considered, and the o...
Optical sorting of particles by dual-channel line optical tweezers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A novel configuration of dual-channel line optical tweezers with a ‘Y’ shape is constructed for sorting of particles within a microfluidic chip. When yeast cells with different size pass the intersection of the specially designed line optical tweezers, they are separated and transported to different channels due to a difference in the forces exerted by the line tweezers that depends on the size of the cells. The influences of some experimental conditions, such as laser power and flow velocity, on the sorting efficiency are discussed. (paper)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shlomo Shamai (Shitz
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper considers the compound wiretap channel, which generalizes Wyner's wiretap model to allow the channels to the (legitimate receiver and to the eavesdropper to take a number of possible states. No matter which states occur, the transmitter guarantees that the receiver decodes its message and that the eavesdropper is kept in full ignorance about the message. The compound wiretap channel can also be viewed as a multicast channel with multiple eavesdroppers, in which the transmitter sends information to all receivers and keeps the information secret from all eavesdroppers. For the discrete memoryless channel, lower and upper bounds on the secrecy capacity are derived. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded channel and the semideterministic channel with one receiver. The parallel Gaussian channel is further studied. The secrecy capacity and the secrecy degree of freedom (s.d.o.f. are derived for the degraded case with one receiver. Schemes to achieve the s.d.o.f. for the case with two receivers and two eavesdroppers are constructed to demonstrate the necessity of a prefix channel in encoder design. Finally, the multi-antenna (i.e., MIMO compound wiretap channel is studied. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded case and an achievable s.d.o.f. is given for the general case.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kramer Gerhard
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract This paper considers the compound wiretap channel, which generalizes Wyner's wiretap model to allow the channels to the (legitimate receiver and to the eavesdropper to take a number of possible states. No matter which states occur, the transmitter guarantees that the receiver decodes its message and that the eavesdropper is kept in full ignorance about the message. The compound wiretap channel can also be viewed as a multicast channel with multiple eavesdroppers, in which the transmitter sends information to all receivers and keeps the information secret from all eavesdroppers. For the discrete memoryless channel, lower and upper bounds on the secrecy capacity are derived. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded channel and the semideterministic channel with one receiver. The parallel Gaussian channel is further studied. The secrecy capacity and the secrecy degree of freedom ( are derived for the degraded case with one receiver. Schemes to achieve the for the case with two receivers and two eavesdroppers are constructed to demonstrate the necessity of a prefix channel in encoder design. Finally, the multi-antenna (i.e., MIMO compound wiretap channel is studied. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded case and an achievable is given for the general case.
Wave function continuity and the diagonal Born-Oppenheimer correction at conical intersections
Meek, Garrett A.; Levine, Benjamin G.
2016-05-01
We demonstrate that though exact in principle, the expansion of the total molecular wave function as a sum over adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer (BO) vibronic states makes inclusion of the second-derivative nonadiabatic energy term near conical intersections practically problematic. In order to construct a well-behaved molecular wave function that has density at a conical intersection, the individual BO vibronic states in the summation must be discontinuous. When the second-derivative nonadiabatic terms are added to the Hamiltonian, singularities in the diagonal BO corrections (DBOCs) of the individual BO states arise from these discontinuities. In contrast to the well-known singularities in the first-derivative couplings at conical intersections, these singularities are non-integrable, resulting in undefined DBOC matrix elements. Though these singularities suggest that the exact molecular wave function may not have density at the conical intersection point, there is no physical basis for this constraint. Instead, the singularities are artifacts of the chosen basis of discontinuous functions. We also demonstrate that continuity of the total molecular wave function does not require continuity of the individual adiabatic nuclear wave functions. We classify nonadiabatic molecular dynamics methods according to the constraints placed on wave function continuity and analyze their formal properties. Based on our analysis, it is recommended that the DBOC be neglected when employing mixed quantum-classical methods and certain approximate quantum dynamical methods in the adiabatic representation.
Greenwood, Ronni Michelle
2008-01-01
This article introduces an intersectional approach to political consciousness and presents data to demonstrate its importance for predicting solidarity in diverse social change organizations. Women activists (N = 174) completed measures of political consciousness, diversity, and solidarity. As expected, women differed in the degree to which their…
Nishida, Akemi; Fine, Michelle
2014-01-01
In this article the authors describe pedagogy which rests on commitments to solidarity, activism, and intersectional understandings of personhood and social (in)justices. The authors seek to create accessible classrooms where our many selves and critical consciousness can be in (dis)comforting conversation with one another. Then, they hope to…
Cottrell, Michael; Preston, Jane P.; Pearce, Joe
2012-01-01
Viewing education as a contested site in the intersection of modernity, indigeneity, globalization, and postcolonialism, we explore relations between Aboriginal peoples and public schools in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. Posing a profound challenge to provincial policy underpinned by global educational culture, indigeneity constitutes a…
Sturm intersection theory for periodic Jacobi matrices and linear Hamiltonian systems
Schulz-Baldes, Hermann
2011-01-01
Sturm-Liouville oscillation theory for periodic Jacobi operators with matrix entries is discussed and illustrated. The proof simplifies and clarifies the use of intersection theory of Bott, Maslov and Conley-Zehnder. It is shown that the eigenvalue problem for linear Hamiltonian systems can be dealt with by the same approach.
The Intersection of Imagery Ability, Imagery Use, and Learning Style: An Exploratory Study
Bolles, Gina; Chatfield, Steven J.
2009-01-01
This study explores the intersection of the individual's imagery ability, imagery use in dance training and performance, and learning style. Thirty-four intermediate-level ballet and modern dance students at the University of Oregon completed the Movement Imagery Questionnaire-Revised (MIQ-R) and Kolb's Learning Style Inventory-3 (LSI-3). The four…
The Intersectionality of Leadership and Service-Learning: A 21st-Century Perspective.
Wagner, Wendy; Pigza, Jennifer M
2016-06-01
This chapter provides a theoretical orientation to the intersections of the theory and practice of leadership and service-learning. It articulates a set of values to guide leadership educators in their service-learning practice. The authors advocate a critical approach that fosters social justice. PMID:27150901
The Intersection of Black Lives Matter and Adult Education: One Community College Initiative
Miller, Brian; Schwartz, Joni
2016-01-01
This chapter is a call to action for adult educators to critically engage the Black Lives Matter Movement through pedagogy, community engagement and scholarly activism. It explores the intersection of the Black Lives Matter movement and adult education by highlighting the response of one community college initiative.
Proposition of delay model for signalized intersections with queueing theory analytical models usage
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Grzegorz SIERPIŃSKI
2007-01-01
Full Text Available Time delay on intersections is a very important transport problem. Thearticle includes a proposition of time delay model. Variance of service times is considered by used average waiting time in queue for queuing system with compressed queuing processes usage as a part of proposed time delays model.
CONTROLLING TRAFFIC FLOW IN MULTILANE-ISOLATED INTERSECTION USING ANFIS APPROACH TECHNIQUES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. R. LAI
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Many controllers have applied the Adaptive Neural-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS concept for optimizing the controller performance. However, there are less traffic signal controllers developed using the ANFIS concept. ANFIS traffic signal controller with its fuzzy rule base and its ability to learn from a set of sample data could improve the performance of Existing traffic signal controlling system to reduce traffic congestions at most of the busy traffic intersections in city such as Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The aim of this research is to develop an ANFIS traffic signals controller for multilane-isolated four approaches intersections in order to ease traffic congestions at traffic intersections. The new concept to generate sample data for ANFIS training is introduced in this research. The sample data is generated based on fuzzy rules and can be analysed using tree diagram. This controller is simulated on multilane-isolated traffic intersection model developed using M/M/1 queuing theory and its performance in terms of average waiting time, queue length and delay time are compared with traditional controllers and fuzzy controller. Simulation result shows that the average waiting time, queue length, and delay time of ANFIS traffic signal controller are the lowest as compared to the other three controllers. In conclusion, the efficiency and performance of ANFIS controller are much better than that of fuzzy and traditional controllers in different traffic volumes.
Fast photon-boundary intersection computation for Monte Carlo simulation of photon migration
Zhao, Xiaofen; Liu, Hongyan; Zhang, Bin; Liu, Fei; Luo, Jianwen; Bai, Jing
2013-01-01
Monte Carlo (MC) method is generally used as a "gold standard" technique to simulate photon transport in biomedical optics. However, it is quite time-consuming since abundant photon propagations need to be simulated in order to achieve an accurate result. In the case of complicated geometry, the computation speed is bound up with the calculation of the intersection between the photon transmission path and media boundary. The ray-triangle-based method is often used to calculate the photon-boundary intersection in the shape-based MC simulation for light propagation, but it is still relatively time-consuming. We present a fast way to determine the photon-boundary intersection. Triangle meshes are used to describe the boundary structure. A line segment instead of a ray is used to check if there exists a photon-boundary intersection, as the next location of the photon in light transports is determined by the step size. Results suggest that by simply replacing the conventional ray-triangle-based method with the proposed line segment-triangle-based method, the MC simulation for light propagation in the mouse model can be speeded up by more than 35%.
Lines on Calabi Yau complete intersections, mirror symmetry, and Picard Fuchs equations
Libgober, A.; J. Teitelbaum
1993-01-01
A relation between the number of rational curves of fixed degree on Calabi Yau threefolds and the Picard Fuchs equations, which was suggested as part of the study of mirror symmetry, is verified in the case of complete intersection of two cubics and lines.
Safety Impacts of Push-Button and Countdown Timer on Nonmotorized Traffic at Intersections
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bei Zhou
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper applies the random parameters negative binominal model to investigate safety impacts of push-button and countdown timer on pedestrians and cyclists at urban intersections. To account for possible unobserved heterogeneity which could vary from one intersection to another, random parameters model is introduced. A simulation-based maximum likelihood method using Halton draws is applied to estimate the maximum likelihood of random parameters in the model. Dataset containing pedestrians’ and cyclists’ crash data of 1,001 intersections from Chicago is utilized to establish the statistical relationship between crash frequencies and potential impact factors. LIMDEP (Version 9.0 statistical package is utilized for modeling. The parameter estimation results indicate that existence of push-button and countdown timer could significantly reduce crash frequencies of pedestrians and cyclists at intersections. Increasing number of through traffic lanes, left turn lanes, and ratio of major direction AADT to minor direction AADT, tend to increase crash frequencies. Annual average daily left turn traffic has a negative impact on pedestrians’ safety, but its impact on cyclists’ crash frequency is statistically insignificant at 90% confidence level. The results of current study could provide important insights for nonmotorized traffic safety improvement projects in both planning and operational levels.
Fast convergence to an invariant measure for non-intersecting 3-dimensional Brownian paths
Lawler, Gregory F
2010-01-01
We consider pairs of 3-dimensional Brownian paths, started at the origin and conditioned to have no intersections after time zero. We show that there exists a unique measure on pairs of paths that is invariant under this conditioning, while improving the previously known rate of convergence to stationarity.
The capacity of two neighbour intersections considering the influence of the bus stop
Zhao, Xiao-mei; Gao, Zi-you; Li, Ke-ping
2008-07-01
In this paper, we use a two-lane CA model to investigate the effect of a bus stop between two neighbouring intersections on the capacity of the bus. Both the case of a bus stop with a special stopping lane and that of one without are considered. The capacity versus the distance LB( LD) between the stop and the upstream (downstream) intersection is studied, with respect to the entering probability Pe and the traffic light cycle T. It is found that a bus stop near an intersection can act as a bottleneck and cause a drop in the capacity when the LB (or LD) is below a critical point L(or L). However, the situation when the stop is located near the downstream intersection is worse than that of the upstream one. Furthermore, the simulation results show that the negative effect varies with the increase of the cycle time T and the capacity can be maximized by adjusting T. Comparisons between the two cases suggest that the stopping lane can improve the capacity to some extent. These results mean that the capacity can be exploited by changing the position of the bus stop or the cycle time, and adding a stopping lane if necessary. These findings may be useful in offering scientific guidance for the management and design of traffic networks.
Roy, Laura A.
2015-01-01
This study examines the linguistic and cultural intersections of recently arrived Somali Bantu refugee students in South Texas through the lens of border theory. The use of Spanish in the homes of refugee families is explored in addition to ways in which an educator used testimonios to honor students' migration experiences. Findings show how…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Svarstad, Lone Krogsgaard
2015-01-01
The paper presents an exploration of an intersectional approach to intercultural competence in lower secondary English classes in Denmark. The presentation is based on the second intervention in a participatory action research project in connection with my doctoral thesis in the school year 2013...
Moorosi, Pontso
2014-01-01
This article explores the notion of leadership identity construction as it happens through a leadership development programme. Influenced by a conception that leadership development is essentially about facilitating an identity transition, it uses an intersectional approach to explore school leaders' identity construction as it was shaped and…
Abes, Elisa S.
2012-01-01
Constructivism and intersectionality are used to explore one lesbian college student's multiple identities. These frameworks reveal how meaning-making contributes to power's influence on identity, while power shapes meaning-making. For this student, lesbian identity is a product of social class, dominant and subordinate norms, and interactions…
How Student Teachers (Don't) Talk about Race: An Intersectional Analysis
Young, Kathryn S.
2016-01-01
This study explores how student teacher talk about their students illuminates the identities ascribed to these same students. It uses a hybrid intersectional framework based on Disability Studies, Critical Race Theory, and Latino Critical Theory and methodologies (like examining majoritarian stories, counter-storytelling, coded talk, and…
Mimachi, Katsuhisa; Yoshida, Masaaki
2002-01-01
We evaluate the intersection numbers of loaded cycles and twisted forms associated with an n-fold Selberg-type integral. The result is deeply related with the geometry of the configuration space of n+3 points in the projective line.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morrison, David R., E-mail: drm@physics.ucsb.edu [Departments of Mathematics and Physics, U.C. Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Ronen Plesser, M. [Center for Geometry and Theoretical Physics, Duke University, Durham NC 27708 (United States)
2015-09-15
For complete intersection Calabi–Yau manifolds in toric varieties, Gross and Haase–Zharkov have given a conjectural combinatorial description of the special Lagrangian torus fibrations whose existence was predicted by Strominger, Yau and Zaslow. We present a geometric version of this construction, generalizing an earlier conjecture of the first author.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
For complete intersection Calabi–Yau manifolds in toric varieties, Gross and Haase–Zharkov have given a conjectural combinatorial description of the special Lagrangian torus fibrations whose existence was predicted by Strominger, Yau and Zaslow. We present a geometric version of this construction, generalizing an earlier conjecture of the first author
Intersection of Gender and Class in Socio-historical and Biographical Perspectives
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Křížková, Alena; Formánková, Lenka; Vohlídalová, Marta
2014-01-01
Roč. 8, č. 6 (2014), s. 1-11. ISSN 1833-1882 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP404/10/0021 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : Intersectionality * Gender * Class Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Birk-Sørensen, Martin
1996-01-01
improve the design. A new improved slot for the longitudinal intersection in the web plate is found on the basis of a shape optimization of the conventional slot. The new slot has an unique shape (tongue form) resulting in a stress relaxation around the slot. Both the conventional and the new slot...
Degree-degree distribution in a power law random intersection graph with clustering
Bloznelis, Mindaugas
2014-01-01
The bivariate distribution of degrees of adjacent vertices (degree-degree distribution) is an important network characteristic defining the statistical dependencies between degrees of adjacent vertices. We show the asymptotic degree-degree distribution of a sparse inhomogeneous random intersection graph and discuss its relation to the clustering and power law properties of the graph.
Pellegrini, M.
1995-01-01
We describe a new method for decomposing planar sets of segments and points. Using this method we obtain new efficient {\\em deterministic} algorithms for counting pairs of intersecting segments, and for answering off-line triangle range queries. In particular we obtain the following results: \
Making space for young lesbians in church? Intersectional sites, scripts, and sticking points.
Taylor, Yvette; Snowdon, Ria
2014-01-01
This article is a case-study exploration of Christianity and sexuality in the lives of young lesbians in the United Kingdom. Religion matters as a personal and political force, but secularizing trends arguably obscure its influence on the complex convergence and intersection of personal, political, familial, and institutional realms (Brierley, 2006; Heelas and Woodhead, 2005). While the question of homosexuality has been a central focus in much discussion, highlighting around the presumed discontinuity between sexual identity and Christian identity (O'Brien, 2004), there is still a gap in terms of locating first-hand narratives of self-identified young queer Christians. Rather than assuming that these are separate and divergent paths (Wilcox, 2000), this article explores intersectional convergences and divergences, illustrating how religious participation can convey (de)legitimation within family, community and society. Such (de)legitimation is revealed in unpacking scripts of inclusion and exclusion (Taylor and Snowdon, 2014), which are (re)circulated via hetero-homo normative ideals, and perpetuated and contested in the context of intersectional Equalities legislation (Monro and Richardson, 2010). Here, we examine the highly gendered and heteronormative "role models," "mentors," and (familial) mediations experienced by young lesbian Christians, as intersecting public-private domains in the production of queer religious subjectivity and dis-identification. PMID:25298100
Pierret, Chris; Friedrichsen, Patricia
2009-01-01
The intersection of science and our society has led to legal and ethical issues in which we all play a part. To support development of scientific literacy, college science courses need to engage students in difficult dialogues around ethical issues. We describe a new course, Stem Cells and Society, in which students explore the basic biology of…
Warped AdS near-horizon geometry of completely localized intersections of M5-branes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study a Hanany-Witten set-up relevant to N = 2 superconformal field theories. We find the exact near-horizon solution for this 11-dimensional system which involves intersecting M5-branes. The metric describes a warped product of AdS5 with a manifold with SU(2)xU(1) isometry. (author)
Gause, Charles P.
2005-01-01
This article, utilizing a postmodern mediated cultural framework, critically situates the sociopolitical context of public education within the constructs of a lost ship at sea. Seeking to rupture false assumptions of popular culture and its impact on the learning community, I further explore critical possibilities regarding the intersection of…
Adiabatic control of the Schr\\"odinger equation via conical intersections of the eigenvalues
Boscain, Ugo; Mason, Paolo; Sigalotti, Mario
2011-01-01
In this paper we present a constructive method to control the bilinear Schr\\"odinger equation via two controls. The method is based on adiabatic techniques and works if the spectrum of the Hamiltonian admits eigenvalue intersections, and if the latter are conical (as it happens generically). We provide sharp estimates of the relation between the error and the controllability time.
The Intersection of Homophobic Bullying and Racism in Adulthood: A Graduate School Experience
Misawa, Mitsunori
2009-01-01
The purpose of this article is to describe how homophobic bullying and bullying based on racism intersect in graduate school through the personal narrative of a gay Japanese male graduate student. First, I will provide a critical incident that demonstrates when, where, and how bullying based on homophobia and racism occurred in a specific graduate…
Gallagher, Brian R.; de Oca, Patricia Montes
1998-01-01
Presents guidelines for orientation and mobility instructors and traffic engineers to assess the need for adaptive devices to make crosswalks at signalized intersections accessible to pedestrians with visual impairments. The discussions of audible and tactile pedestrian devices, along with case examples, distinguish when each device should be…
Molecular dynamics simulation of cross-slip and the intersection of dislocations in copper
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The molecular dynamics method is used to simulate cross-slip by thermal activation at 30 K and the intersection of dislocations in copper containing 1.6 x 106 atoms using the embedded atom method potential. The results show that an extended screw dislocation can recombine through thermal activation at 30 K into a constriction on the surface because of stress imbalance and the constriction will split again in the other slip plane. Removing the constriction along the extended dislocation results in a cross-slip of the screw dislocation at low temperature. After the intersection between a moving right-hand screw dislocation DC and a perpendicular left-hand dislocation BA, whose ends are fixed on the surfaces, an extended jog corresponding to a row of one-third vacancies forms in BA and a trail of vacancies behind DC. If the intersected dislocation is a right-hand screw dislocation AB, the jog formed in AB corresponds to a row of one-third interstitials and the point defects behind DC are interstitials. After the intersection between screw and edge dislocations, the jog formed in the edge dislocation corresponds to a row of one-third vacancies and there are no point defects behind the screw dislocation
4d N=2 SCFT and singularity theory Part II: Complete intersection
Chen, Bingyi; Yau, Shing-Tung; Yau, Stephen S -T; Zuo, Huaiqing
2016-01-01
We classify three dimensional isolated weighted homogeneous rational complete intersection singularities, which define many new four dimensional N=2 superconformal field theories. We also determine the mini-versal deformation of these singularities, and therefore solve the Coulomb branch spectrum and Seiberg-Witten solution.
Between Intersective and 'Split' Interpretations of Predicate Conjunction: The Role of Typicality
Poortman, Eva
2014-01-01
This paper aims to account for the different interpretations of plural sentences with conjoined predicates. Such sentences are somc:times ~terpreted strictly intersectively, sometimes strictly non-mtersectively (or 'split'), and sometimes both ~terpreta~ons appear to be allowed We propose that the l
Wave function continuity and the diagonal Born-Oppenheimer correction at conical intersections.
Meek, Garrett A; Levine, Benjamin G
2016-05-14
We demonstrate that though exact in principle, the expansion of the total molecular wave function as a sum over adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer (BO) vibronic states makes inclusion of the second-derivative nonadiabatic energy term near conical intersections practically problematic. In order to construct a well-behaved molecular wave function that has density at a conical intersection, the individual BO vibronic states in the summation must be discontinuous. When the second-derivative nonadiabatic terms are added to the Hamiltonian, singularities in the diagonal BO corrections (DBOCs) of the individual BO states arise from these discontinuities. In contrast to the well-known singularities in the first-derivative couplings at conical intersections, these singularities are non-integrable, resulting in undefined DBOC matrix elements. Though these singularities suggest that the exact molecular wave function may not have density at the conical intersection point, there is no physical basis for this constraint. Instead, the singularities are artifacts of the chosen basis of discontinuous functions. We also demonstrate that continuity of the total molecular wave function does not require continuity of the individual adiabatic nuclear wave functions. We classify nonadiabatic molecular dynamics methods according to the constraints placed on wave function continuity and analyze their formal properties. Based on our analysis, it is recommended that the DBOC be neglected when employing mixed quantum-classical methods and certain approximate quantum dynamical methods in the adiabatic representation. PMID:27179473
Deriving average delay of traffic flow around intersections from vehicle trajectory data
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Minyue ZHAO; Xiang LI
2013-01-01
Advances of positioning and wireless communication technologies make it possible to collect a large number of trajectory data of moving vehicles in a fast and convenient fashion.The data can be applied to various fields such as traffic study.In this paper,we attempt to derive average delay of traffic flow around intersections and verify the results with changes of time.The intersection zone is delineated first.Positioning points geographically located within this zone are selected,and then outliers are removed.Turn trips are extracted from selected trajectory data.Each trip,physically consisting of time-series positioning points,is identified with entry road segment and turning direction,i.e.target road segment.Turn trips are grouped into different categories according to their time attributes.Then,delay of each trip during a turn is calculated with its recorded speed.Delays of all trips in the same period of time are plotted to observe the change pattern of traffic conditions.Compared to conventional approaches,the proposed method can be applied to those intersections without fixed data collection devices such as loop detectors since a large number of trajectory data can always provide a more complete spatio-temporal picture of a road network.With respect to data availability,taxi trajectory data and an intersection in Shanghai are employed to test the proposed methodology.Results demonstrate its applicability.
Working under a dream boss? An intersectional analysis of the gendered nature of workplace bullying
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Zábrodská, Kateřina; Machovcová, K.
Keele: Keele University, 2012. s. 19-19. [GWO: Biennial International Interdisciplinary Conference /7./. 27.06.-29.06.2012, Keele] R&D Projects: GA ČR GPP407/10/P146 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : intersectionality * gender * workplace bullying Subject RIV: AN - Psychology
Jones, Susan R.; Kim, Yoolee Choe; Skendall, Kristan Cilente
2012-01-01
The purpose of this autoethnographic study was to explore the lived experience of identity construction and negotiation of multiple identities using an intersectional framework. Results present examples of the troublesome nature of authenticity as multiple identities were negotiated and managed based upon context and the influence of power and…
Building Theory at the Intersection of Ecological Sustainability and Strategic Management
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Borland, Helen; Ambrosini, Véronique; Lindgreen, Adam;
2016-01-01
This article builds theory at the intersection of ecological sustainability and strategic management literature—specifically, in relation to dynamic capabilities literature. By combining industrial organization economics–based, resource-based, and dynamic capability–based views, it is possible to...
Lau, KN
1999-01-01
We have evaluated the information theoretical performance of variable rate adaptive channel coding for Rayleigh fading channels. The channel states are detected at the receiver and fed back to the transmitter by means of a noiseless feedback link. Based on the channel state informations, the transmitter can adjust the channel coding scheme accordingly. Coherent channel and arbitrary channel symbols with a fixed average transmitted power constraint are assumed. The channel capacity and the err...
Yard, J; Devetak, I; Yard, Jon; Hayden, Patrick; Devetak, Igor
2006-01-01
We analyze quantum broadcast channels, which are quantum channels with a single sender and many receivers. Focusing on channels with two receivers for simplicity, we generalize a number of results from the network Shannon theory literature which give the rates at which two senders can receive a common message, while a personalized one is sent to one of them. Our first collection of results applies to channels with a classical input and quantum outputs. The second class of theorems we prove concern sending a common classical message over a quantum broadcast channel, while sending quantum information to one of the receivers. The third group of results we obtain concern communication over an isometry, giving the rates at quantum information can be sent to one receiver, while common quantum information is sent to both, in the sense that tripartite GHZ entanglement is established. For each scenario, we provide an additivity proof for an appropriate class of channels, yielding single-letter characterizations of the...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This text discusses the following: concepts of fluid flow; the momentum principle; computation of uniform flow; design of channels; and turbulent diffusion and dispersion in steady open-channel flow. Emphasis is concerned only with the flow of water in channels where the water is not transporting significant quantities of air or sediment. The text contains quite a few examples demonstrating the application of the presented principles
Quadrini, Vincenzo
2014-01-01
The financial intermediation sector is important not only for channeling resources from agents in excess of funds to agents in need of funds (lending channel). By issuing liabilities it also creates financial assets held by other sectors of the economy for insurance purpose. When the intermediation sector creates less liabilities or their value falls, agents are less willing to engage in activities that are individually risky but desirable in aggregate (bank liabilities channel). The paper st...
Vincenzo Quadrini
2015-01-01
The financial intermediation sector is important not only for channeling resources from agents in excess of funds to agents in need of funds (lending channel). By issuing liabilities it also creates financial assets held by other sectors of the economy for insurance purpose. When the intermediation sector creates less liabilities or their value falls, agents are less willing to engage in activities that are individually risky but desirable in aggregate (bank liabilities channel). The paper st...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The High-Performance Parallel Interface (HIPPI) and Fibre Channel are near-gigabit per second data communications interfaces being developed in ANSI standards Task Group X3T9.3. HIPPI is the current interface of choice in the high-end and supercomputer arena, and Fibre Channel is a follow-on effort. HIPPI came from a local area network background, and Fibre Channel came from a mainframe to peripheral interface background
Symmetrization for redundant channels
Tulplue, Bhalchandra R. (Inventor); Collins, Robert E. (Inventor)
1988-01-01
A plurality of redundant channels in a system each contain a global image of all the configuration data bases in each of the channels in the system. Each global image is updated periodically from each of the other channels via cross channel data links. The global images of the local configuration data bases in each channel are separately symmetrized using a voting process to generate a system signal configuration data base which is not written into by any other routine and is available for indicating the status of the system within each channel. Equalization may be imposed on a suspect signal and a number of chances for that signal to heal itself are provided before excluding it from future votes. Reconfiguration is accomplished upon detecting a channel which is deemed invalid. A reset function is provided which permits an externally generated reset signal to permit a previously excluded channel to be reincluded within the system. The updating of global images and/or the symmetrization process may be accomplished at substantially the same time within a synchronized time frame common to all channels.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Obradović Ratko
2002-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper the space intersecting curve between two surfaces of revolution with parallel axes of surfaces have been determined. Two mathematical models for determination of intersecting curve between two surfaces of revolution have been formed: auxiliary planes have been used in the first mathematical model and auxiliary spheres have been used in the second model (Obradović 2000. In the first case each auxiliary plane intersected with each surface of revolution on circle and two points of intersecting curve are obtained as intersecting points between these two circles. In the second case centres of two locks of auxiliary spheres are put on axes of surfaces of revolution (centre of first lock is on axis of the first surface of revolution and centre of second lock is on axis of the second surface of revolution on saine z coordinate (when axes of surfaces of revolution are parallel with z axis of coordinate system. First lock sphere intersects the first surface of revolution on w1 parallels and second lock corresponding sphere intersects the second surface of revolution on w2 circles. It is possible to find a relationship that for selected radius of the first lock sphere can determine the radius of second lock sphere and real points of intersecting curve have been determined by use of these two spheres. The points of intersecting curve between two surfaces of revolution are obtained by intersection between w1 circles from the first surface with w2 circles from the second surface (Obradović 2000.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ken Takahashi
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Cell surface receptors are involved in numerous important biological processes including embryogenesis, tissue differentiation, and cellular homeostasis. Among them, mechanosensitive ion channels play an essential role in cellular functions of every cell including neurons, cardiomyocytes, and osteocytes. Here, we discuss types, roles, structures, and biophysical factors that affect the functions of mechanosensitive ion channels.
Mceliece, R. J.
1981-01-01
The cutoff parameters for a class of channel models exhibiting burst noise behavior were calculated and the performance of interleaved coding strategies was evaluated. It is concluded that, provided the channel memory is large enough and is properly exploited, interleaved coding is nearly optimal.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gale, A.S.; Surlyk, Finn; Anderskouv, Kresten
2013-01-01
. Within this channel were smaller erosional structures (<10 m deep) that truncate originally horizontal bedding, are floored by hardgrounds, and locally have a basal fill of granular phosphorite. The entire channel system was progressively infilled by chalk, as demonstrated by the expanded succession of...... the lower Campanian Culver Chalk Formation. The beds of the channel fill are cut by small step faults, resulting from gravitational collapse. Complete burial had taken place by the base of the upper Campanian Portsdown Chalk Formation, which is of even thickness across the region. The structures are......Evidence from regional stratigraphical patterns in Santonian−Campanian chalk is used to infer the presence of a very broad channel system (5 km across) with a depth of at least 50 m, running NNW−SSE across the eastern Isle of Wight; only the western part of the channel wall and fill is exposed...
Incompatibility breaking quantum channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A typical bipartite quantum protocol, such as EPR-steering, relies on two quantum features, entanglement of states and incompatibility of measurements. Noise can delete both of these quantum features. In this work we study the behavior of incompatibility under noisy quantum channels. The starting point for our investigation is the observation that compatible measurements cannot become incompatible by the action of any channel. We focus our attention to channels which completely destroy the incompatibility of various relevant sets of measurements. We call such channels incompatibility breaking, in analogy to the concept of entanglement breaking channels. This notion is relevant especially for the understanding of noise-robustness of the local measurement resources for steering. (paper)
Cardiac potassium channel subtypes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schmitt, Nicole; Grunnet, Morten; Olesen, Søren-Peter
2014-01-01
About 10 distinct potassium channels in the heart are involved in shaping the action potential. Some of the K(+) channels are primarily responsible for early repolarization, whereas others drive late repolarization and still others are open throughout the cardiac cycle. Three main K(+) channels...... drive the late repolarization of the ventricle with some redundancy, and in atria this repolarization reserve is supplemented by the fairly atrial-specific KV1.5, Kir3, KCa, and K2P channels. The role of the latter two subtypes in atria is currently being clarified, and several findings indicate that...... they could constitute targets for new pharmacological treatment of atrial fibrillation. The interplay between the different K(+) channel subtypes in both atria and ventricle is dynamic, and a significant up- and downregulation occurs in disease states such as atrial fibrillation or heart failure. The...
Athermalized channeled spectropolarimeter enhancement.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jones, Julia Craven; Way, Brandyn Michael; Mercier, Jeffrey Alan; Hunt, Jeffery P.
2013-09-01
Channeled spectropolarimetry can measure the complete polarization state of light as a function of wavelength. Typically, a channeled spectropolarimeter uses high order retarders made of uniaxial crystal to amplitude modulate the measured spectrum with the spectrally-dependent Stokes polarization information. A primary limitation of conventional channeled spectropolarimeters is related to the thermal variability of the retarders. Thermal variation often forces frequent system recalibration, particularly for field deployed systems. However, implementing thermally stable retarders, made of biaxial crystal, results in an athermal channeled spectropolarimeter that relieves the need for frequent recalibration. This report presents experimental results for an anthermalized channeled spectropolarimeter prototype produced using potassium titanyl phosphate. The results of this prototype are compared to the current thermal stabilization state of the art. Finally, the application of the technique to the thermal infrared is studied, and the athermalization concept is applied to an infrared imaging spectropolarimeter design.
Black, J. H.
2009-12-01
Groundwater flow through fractured crystalline rocks has long been recognized as flow through a network of channels. Our new approach to the concept is to recognize that real channel systems at depth are composed of long distances between intersections, much larger than the intersection of recognizable fractures. We term them 'sparse channel networks'. Sparse channel networks have some key attributes. They percolate at much lower area to volume densities than equidimensional fracture networks. They are less well interconnected than equidimensional fracture networks. Above all they are less capable of adhering to imposed boundary conditions than any other system of flowing groundwater. The concept has been arrived at by re-examining 25 year old experiments in the Stripa Underground Research Laboratory in Sweden. It has been discovered that what was previously interpreted as a low permeability skin around underground openings caused by damage during excavation is, in reality, a direct outcome of the sparseness of the channel network and its inability to conform to the radial flow assumption inherent in the interpretation. Skin is therefore a direct field measure of the parameters defining the network. In the Stripa case, channels appear to extend in the order of 10 or 20 metres without intersection or bifurcation. Other characteristics of sparse channel networks are the tendency to form well connected patches (or compartments) separated by occasional 'chokes'. These compartments, sometimes of head, and often of individual water chemistry, are the second method of parameterization in the field. A further characteristic is the tendency for exploratory boreholes to behave as significant components of the systems because they are so sparse. The paper briefly describes how such systems were recognized in the Stripa experiments and how they have been modelled using a specially constructed lattice network model. The paper concludes with some ideas on how to conduct tests to
Axial ion channeling patterns from ultra-thin silicon membranes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Motapothula, M., E-mail: g0801315@nus.edu.sg [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Dang, Z.Y. [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Venkatesan, T. [NanoCore, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Breese, M.B.H. [Center for Ion Beam Applications, Physics Department, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); SSLS, National University of Singapore, 5 Research Link, Singapore 117603 (Singapore); Rana, M.A. [Physics Division, Directorate of Science, PINSTECH, P.O. Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan); Osman, A. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Shahdara Valley Road, Islamabad (Pakistan)
2012-07-15
We present channeling patterns produced by MeV protons transmitted through 55 nm thick [0 0 1] silicon membranes showing the early evolution of the axially channeled beam angular distribution for small tilts away from the [0 0 1], [0 1 1] and [1 1 1] axes. Instead of a ring-like 'doughnut' distribution previously observed at small tilts to major axes in thicker membranes, geometric shapes such as squares and hexagons are observed along different axes in ultra-thin membranes. The different shapes arise because of the highly non-equilibrium transverse momentum distribution of the channeled beam during its initial propagation in the crystal and the reduced multiple scattering which allows the fine angular structure to be resolved. We describe a simple geometric construction of the intersecting planar channels at an axis to gain insight into the origin of the geometric shapes observed in such patterns and how they evolve into the 'doughnut' distributions in thicker crystals.
Groundwater Discharge along a Channelized Coastal Plain Stream
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
LaSage, Danita M [Ky Dept for natural resources, Div of Mine Permits; Sexton, Joshua L [JL Sexton and Son; Mukherjee, Abhijit [Univ of Tx, Jackson School of Geosciences, Bur of Econ. Geology; Fryar, Alan E [Univ of KY, Dept of Earth and Geoligical Sciences; Greb, Stephen F [Univ of KY, KY Geological Survey
2015-10-01
In the Coastal Plain of the southeastern USA, streams have commonly been artificially channelized for flood control and agricultural drainage. However, groundwater discharge along such streams has received relatively little attention. Using a combination of stream- and spring-flow measurements, spring temperature measurements, temperature profiling along the stream-bed, and geologic mapping, we delineated zones of diffuse and focused discharge along Little Bayou Creek, a channelized, first-order perennial stream in western Kentucky. Seasonal variability in groundwater discharge mimics hydraulic-head fluctuations in a nearby monitoring well and spring-discharge fluctuations elsewhere in the region, and is likely to reflect seasonal variability in recharge. Diffuse discharge occurs where the stream is incised into the semi-confined regional gravel aquifer, which is comprised of the Mounds Gravel. Focused discharge occurs upstream where the channel appears to have intersected preferential pathways within the confining unit. Seasonal fluctuations in discharge from individual springs are repressed where piping results in bank collapse. Thereby, focused discharge can contribute to the morphological evolution of the stream channel.
Groundwater discharge along a channelized Coastal Plain stream
LaSage, Danita M.; Sexton, Joshua L.; Mukherjee, Abhijit; Fryar, Alan E.; Greb, Stephen F.
2008-10-01
SummaryIn the Coastal Plain of the southeastern USA, streams have commonly been artificially channelized for flood control and agricultural drainage. However, groundwater discharge along such streams has received relatively little attention. Using a combination of stream- and spring-flow measurements, spring temperature measurements, temperature profiling along the stream-bed, and geologic mapping, we delineated zones of diffuse and focused discharge along Little Bayou Creek, a channelized, first-order perennial stream in western Kentucky. Seasonal variability in groundwater discharge mimics hydraulic-head fluctuations in a nearby monitoring well and spring-discharge fluctuations elsewhere in the region, and is likely to reflect seasonal variability in recharge. Diffuse discharge occurs where the stream is incised into the semi-confined regional gravel aquifer, which is comprised of the Mounds Gravel. Focused discharge occurs upstream where the channel appears to have intersected preferential pathways within the confining unit. Seasonal fluctuations in discharge from individual springs are repressed where piping results in bank collapse. Thereby, focused discharge can contribute to the morphological evolution of the stream channel.
Vanlaar, Ward; Robertson, Robyn; Marcoux, Kyla
2014-01-01
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of Winnipeg's photo enforcement safety program on speeding, i.e., "speed on green", and red-light running behavior at intersections as well as on crashes resulting from these behaviors. ARIMA time series analyses regarding crashes related to red-light running (right-angle crashes and rear-end crashes) and crashes related to speeding (injury crashes and property damage only crashes) occurring at intersections were conducted using monthly crash counts from 1994 to 2008. A quasi-experimental intersection camera experiment was also conducted using roadside data on speeding and red-light running behavior at intersections. These data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The time series analyses showed that for crashes related to red-light running, there had been a 46% decrease in right-angle crashes at camera intersections, but that there had also been an initial 42% increase in rear-end crashes. For crashes related to speeding, analyses revealed that the installation of cameras was not associated with increases or decreases in crashes. Results of the intersection camera experiment show that there were significantly fewer red light running violations at intersections after installation of cameras and that photo enforcement had a protective effect on speeding behavior at intersections. However, the data also suggest photo enforcement may be less effective in preventing serious speeding violations at intersections. Overall, Winnipeg's photo enforcement safety program had a positive net effect on traffic safety. Results from both the ARIMA time series and the quasi-experimental design corroborate one another. However, the protective effect of photo enforcement is not equally pronounced across different conditions so further monitoring is required to improve the delivery of this measure. Results from this study as well as limitations are discussed. PMID:24184967
Вікович, Ігор Андрійович; Зубачик, Роман Михайлович; Беспалов, Дмитро Олександрович
2014-01-01
Using the space-time priority and priority in time at the isolated signal-controlled intersection with one traffic lane on all approaches is considered in the paper. Space-time priority is represented by the method “special lane in the intersection area”, which in this case is a combination of a special lane in the intersection area and adaptive algorithm for a special phase call. Priority in time is realized using the algorithm for continuation of the enable signal and early termination of t...
Effects of turning and through lane sharing on traffic performance at intersections
Li, Xiang; Sun, Jian-Qiao
2016-02-01
Turning vehicles strongly influence traffic flows at intersections. Effective regulation of turning vehicles is important to achieve better traffic performance. This paper studies the impact of lane sharing and turning signals on traffic performance at intersections by using cellular automata. Both right-turn and left-turn lane sharing are studied. Interactions between vehicles and pedestrians are considered. The transportation efficiency, road safety and energy economy are the traffic performance metrics. Extensive simulations are carried out to study the traffic performance indices. It is observed that shared turning lanes and permissive left-turn signal improve the transportation efficiency and reduce the fuel consumption in most cases, but the safety is usually sacrificed. It is not always beneficial for the through vehicles when they are allowed to be in the turning lanes.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The purpose of this paper is to present appropriate line segmentation for intersections (X-junctions) and branches (T-junctions). In the local regions of intersections and branches, multiple orientations occur. We propose a novel representation called the ''orientation space'', which is derived by adding the orientation axis to the abscissa and the ordinate of the image. The orientation space representation is constructed by treating the orientation parameter, to which Gabor filters can be tuned, as a continuous variable. The problem of multiple orientation line segmentation is dealt with by thresholding 3D images of the orientation space and then detecting the connected components therein. In this way, X-junctions and T-junctions can be separated effectively. Experimental results obtained using synthesized and real biomedical images are presented. In particular, overlapping vessels in an X-ray coronary angiogram were well segmented by orientation space filtering. (author)
Bend-Bounded Path Intersection Graphs: Sausages, Noodles, and Waffles on a Grill
Chaplick, Steven; Jelínek, Vít; Kratochvíl, Jan; Vyskočil, Tomáš
2012-01-01
In this paper we study properties of intersection graphs of k-bend paths in the rectangular grid. A k-bend path is a path with at most k 90 degree turns. The class of graphs representable by intersections of k-bend paths is denoted by B_k-VPG. We show here that for every fixed k, B_k-VPG is a proper subset of B_{k+1}-VPG and that recognition of graphs from B_k-VPG is NP-complete even when the input graph is given by a B_{k+1}-VPG representation. We also show that the class B_k-VPG (for k>0) i...
Holley, Lynn C; Tavassoli, Kyoko Y; Stromwall, Layne K
2016-04-01
People with mental illnesses (PWMI) who are of color and/or lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) experience mental health disparities, including within mental health treatment programs (MHTPs). Informed by a critical framework with attention to intersectionality and microaggressions, this qualitative study asked 20 PWMI and family members who also are of color and/or LGB whether they had experienced mental illness discrimination in MHTPs, a possible factor in disparities. We also asked participants about aspects of MHTPs that supported recovery. Participants reported that they were ignored/not listened to, not viewed as complex individuals, experienced condescension/lack of respect and violations of privacy or other rights, and were presumed to lack intelligence. In addition, identifying mental illness discrimination was complex due to intersections of identities. Despite these perceptions of discrimination, participants described supportive aspects of MHTPs. Implications for practice and research are offered. PMID:26797761
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Teresa Garcia-Ramírez
2010-08-01
Full Text Available This investigation demonstrates an unsupervised approach for modeling traffic flow and detecting abnormal vehicle behaviors at intersections. In the first stage, the approach reveals and records the different states of the system. These states are the result of coding and grouping the historical motion of vehicles as long binary strings. In the second stage, using sequences of the recorded states, a stochastic graph model based on a Markovian approach is built. A behavior is labeled abnormal when current motion pattern cannot be recognized as any state of the system or a particular sequence of states cannot be parsed with the stochastic model. The approach is tested with several sequences of images acquired from a vehicular intersection where the traffic flow and duration used in connection with the traffic lights are continuously changed throughout the day. Finally, the low complexity and the flexibility of the approach make it reliable for use in real time systems.
Gendered Race: Are Infants’ Face Preferences Guided by Intersectionality of Sex and Race?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hojin I Kim
2015-09-01
Full Text Available People occupy multiple social categories simultaneously (e.g., a White female, and this complex intersectionality affects fundamental aspects of social perception. Here, we examined the possibility that infant face processing may be susceptible to effects of intersectionality of sex and race. Three- and 10-month-old infants were shown a series of computer-generated face pairs (5 s each that differed according to sex (F or M or race (Asian, Black, or White. All possible combinations of face pairs were tested, and preferences were recorded with an eye tracker. Infants showed preferences for more feminine faces only when they were White, but we found no evidence that White or Asian faces were preferred even though they are relatively more feminized. These findings challenge the notions that infants’ social categories are processed independently of one another and that infants’ preferences for sex or race can be explained from mere exposure.
Li, Yong; Shi, Xiang; Jin, Hongbin; Wen, Zhigang
2015-11-01
This paper proposes an approach to establishing correspondences for line intersections on multi-sensor images containing lines. Keypoints have been widely applied in a variety of computer vision fields. On multi-sensor images the number of keypoints may be much smaller than on single-sensor images due to the lack of texture. In addition, the multimodality often causes the incorrect assignment of main orientation to keypoints. Observing this, this paper proposes extracting line intersections as keypoints and utilizing one line as the main orientation to compute edge oriented histogram (EOH) descriptor. For EOH descriptor, gradient orientation is employed to compute the filter responses. Experimental results show that the proposed method can build more reliable keypoint matchings on challenging image pairs such as visible image and middle/long-wave infrared images.
Das, Sanjoy
2012-01-01
Geocasting is a special variant of multicasting, where data packet or message is transmitted to a predefined geographical location i.e., known as geocast region. The applications of geocasting in VANET are to disseminate information like, collision warning, advertising, alerts message, etc. In this paper, we have proposed a model for highway scenario where the highway is divided into number of cells. The intersection area between two successive cells is computed to find the number of common nodes. Therefore, probabilistic analysis of the nodes present and void occurrence in the intersection area is carried out. Further, we have defined different forwarding zones to restrict the number of participated nodes for data delivery. Number of nodes present and void occurrence in the different forwarding zones have also been analysed based on various node density in the network to determine the successful delivery of data. Our analytical results show that in a densely populated network, data can be transmitted with lo...
Stochastic User Equilibrium Traffic Assignment with Turn-delays in Intersections
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Otto Anker; Simonsen, Nikolaj; Frederiksen, Rasmus Dyhr
1997-01-01
Turn-delays in intersections contribute significant to travel times and thus route choices in urban networks. However, turns are difficult to handle in traffic assignment models due to the asymmetric Jacobian in the cost functions. The paper describes a model where turn delays have been included in...... the solution algorithm of Sto-chastic User Equilibrium traffic assignment (SUE). When the Jacobian is symme-tric, SUE minimises the road users' 'perceived travel resistance’s'. This equals a probit-model where the links cost-functions are traffic dependent. Hereby, overlap-ping routes are handled in a...... consistent way. However, no theoretical proof of convergence has been given if the Jacobian is asymmetric, although convergence can be shown probable for model data representing realistic road-networks. However, according to the authors knowledge SUE with intersection delays have not prior been tested on a...
Ren, Gang; Jiang, Hang; Chen, Jingxu; Huang, Zhengfeng; Lu, Lili
2016-06-01
This paper presents a cellular automata (CA) model to elucidate the straight-through movements of the heterogeneous bicycle traffic at signalized intersection. The CA model, via simulation, particularly exposits the dispersion phenomenon existing in the straight-through bicycle traffic. The nonlane-based cycling behavior and diverse bicycle properties are also incorporated in the CA model. A series of simulations are conducted to reveal the travel process, bicycles interaction and influence of the dispersion phenomenon. The simulation results show that the dispersion phenomenon significantly results in more bicycles interactions in terms of spilling maneuvers and overtaking maneuvers during the straight-through movements. Meanwhile, the dispersion phenomenon could contribute to the efficiency of the bicycle traffic, and straight-through bicycles need less time to depart the intersection under the circumstance of dispersion phenomenon. The simulation results are able to provide specific guideline for reasonably utilizing the dispersion phenomenon to improve the operational efficiency of straight-through bicycle traffic.
A solution to the surface intersection problem. [Boolean functions in geometric modeling
Timer, H. G.
1977-01-01
An application-independent geometric model within a data base framework should support the use of Boolean operators which allow the user to construct a complex model by appropriately combining a series of simple models. The use of these operators leads to the concept of implicitly and explicitly defined surfaces. With an explicitly defined model, the surface area may be computed by simply summing the surface areas of the bounding surfaces. For an implicitly defined model, the surface area computation must deal with active and inactive regions. Because the surface intersection problem involves four unknowns and its solution is a space curve, the parametric coordinates of each surface must be determined as a function of the arc length. Various subproblems involved in the general intersection problem are discussed, and the mathematical basis for their solution is presented along with a program written in FORTRAN IV for implementation on the IBM 370 TSO system.
Cycle-by-Cycle Queue Length Estimation for Signalized Intersections Using Multi-Source Data
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhongyu Wang; Qing Cai; Bing Wu; Yinhai Wang; Linbo Li
2015-01-01
In order to estimate vehicular queue length at signalized intersections accurately and overcome the shortcomings and restrictions of existing studies especially those based on shockwave theory, a new methodology is presented for estimating vehicular queue length using data from both point detectors and probe vehicles. The methodology applies the shockwave theory to model queue evolution over time and space. Using probe vehicle locations and times as well as point detector measured traffic states, analytical formulations for calculating the maximum and minimum ( residual) queue length are developed. The proposed methodology is verified using ground truth data collected from numerical experiments conducted in Shanghai, China. It is found that the methodology has a mean absolute percentage error of 17�09%, which is reasonably effective in estimating the queue length at traffic signalized intersections. Limitations of the proposed models and algorithms are also discussed in the paper.
Dunlop, John; Bowlby, Mark; Peri, Ravikumar; Tawa, Gregory; LaRocque, James; Soloveva, Veronica; Morin, John
2008-08-01
Ion channels are attractive targets for drug discovery with recent estimates indicating that voltage and ligand-gated channels account for the third and fourth largest gene families represented in company portfolios after the G protein coupled and nuclear hormone receptor families. A historical limitation on ion channel targeted drug discovery in the form of the extremely low throughput nature of the gold standard assay for assessing functional activity, patch clamp electrophysiology in mammalian cells, has been overcome by the implementation of multi-well plate format cell-based screening strategies for ion channels. These have taken advantage of various approaches to monitor ion flux or membrane potential using radioactive, non-radioactive, spectroscopic and fluorescence measurements and have significantly impacted both high-throughput screening and lead optimization efforts. In addition, major advances have been made in the development of automated electrophysiological platforms to increase capacity for cell-based screening using formats aimed at recapitulating the gold standard assay. This review addresses the options available for cell-based screening of ion channels with examples of their utility and presents case studies on the successful implementation of high-throughput screening campaigns for a ligand-gated ion channel using a fluorescent calcium indicator, and a voltage-gated ion channel using a fluorescent membrane potential sensitive dye. PMID:18694388
Anika Oettler
2015-01-01
The paper discusses how current methodological debates on the potentials of Comparative Area Studies intersect with current trends in transitional justice research. As the field of transitional justice studies is approximating a status of maturation, academic enterprises tend to focus on empirical as well as theoretical generalization. The challenge of comparative transitional justice research consists less in weighing national impacts of policies than in taking into account a more historiciz...
Temporal Variation of Carbon Monoxide Concentration at Congested Urban Roadways Intersection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ghanshyam
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The carbon monoxide (CO is dominant among major traffic emitted pollutants such as respirable suspended particulate matter (RSPM, oxides of nitrogen (NOx, volatile organic carbons(VOCs and ozone (O3 etc. It is generated by automobiles due to incomplete combustion of the fuel. The vehicles that queue up at an intersection spend more time in idle driving mode generating more pollutant leading to higher pollutant concentrations. Therefore, the trends of average hourly CO concentrations at various locations of congested roadways intersection have been investigated. The four approach roads making intersection have been selected for the present study. CO monitoring has been carried out at 2 selected locations of each approach road. The CO concentration has been monitored from 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM at each location using portable online CO monitor. The average hourly CO concentrations data have been analyzed using MS excel spread sheet for each approach road. The average hourly concentration of monitored CO concentration at all receptors locations shows two peak CO concentration values (i.e., the morning peak and evening peak throughout the monitoring programme (March to May, 2011. The comparison of monitored values of average 1 hourly CO concentration levels as well as 8 hourly average concentration levels of CO showed non compliance with the prescribed standards (4000 µg/m3 average hourly and 2000 µg/m3 average 8 hourly CO concentration. The temporal CO concentration at various approach roads making roadway intersection shows non-uniform. The highest CO concentration has been observed to be towards high rise building and vice-versa. The least CO concentration has been observed towards either low rise building or open area.
The Youth Bulge in Egypt: An Intersection of Demographics, Security, and the Arab Spring
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dan LaGraffe
2012-01-01
Full Text Available During the Arab Spring, Egyptians revolted against decades of poor governance and failed institutions. A wide range of grievances contributed to the eventual fall of the Mubarak regime, and most of these grievances were influenced by the demographic composition of the Egyptian population. This paper argues that the youth bulge in Egypt played a major role in the political transition and as such serves as the prime example of the intersection of demographics, security, and the Arab Spring.
German policing at the intersection: race, gender, migrant status and mental health
Bruce-Jones, Eddie
2015-01-01
Germany not only avoids using the term ‘race’, but its institutions, such as the police, refrain from collecting statistics according to race, gender, ethnicity and so on, which makes it hard to prove that police actions, and particularly violence, differentially affect non-white Germans. Examining a series of controversial cases in which non-white Germans have been killed in encounters with the police, the author argues for an understanding of how race and other identities intersect, and sho...
Kachi, Y
1996-01-01
We shall investigate a flipping contraction g : X -> Y from a 4-fold X with at most isolated complete intersection singularities. If Y has an anti-bi-canonical divisor (=bi-elephant) with only rational singularities, then g carries an inductive structure chained up by blow-ups (La Torre Pendente), and in particular the flip exists. This naturally contains Miles Reid's `Pagoda' as an anti-canonical divisor (=elephant) and its proper transforms.
The right to freedom of religion or belief and its intersection with other rights
Donald, Alice; Howard, Erica
2015-01-01
This paper was commissioned by ILGA-Europe, to examine how the right to freedom of religion or belief intersects with other human rights, including the rights to freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, and to be protected from discrimination and hate speech. The paper examines in particular the tension between religious freedom and the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, which is a matter of controversy in both legal and political discourse in Europe...
Turbulent flow and scalar fluxes characteristics, case study on an intersection ventilation
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kukačka, Libor; Nosek, Štěpán; Kellnerová, Radka; Jurčáková, Klára; Jaňour, Zbyněk
Hatfield : University of Hertfordshire, 2012 - (Singh, V.; Price, H.; Bartzis, J.; Sokhi, R.), S.1-4 ISBN 978-1-907396-80-9. [International Conference on Air Quality - Science and Application /8./. Atheny (GR), 19.03.2012-23.03.2012] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20760514 Keywords : air pollution * atmospheric boundary layer * wind tunnel modelling * contaminant spreading * scalar fluxes * street canyon * street intersection * urban area ventilation Subject RIV: DG - Athmosphere Sciences, Meteorology
Intersection Detection Based on Qualitative Spatial Reasoning on Stopping Point Clusters
Zourlidou, S.; Sester, M.
2016-06-01
The purpose of this research is to propose and test a method for detecting intersections by analysing collectively acquired trajectories of moving vehicles. Instead of solely relying on the geometric features of the trajectories, such as heading changes, which may indicate turning points and consequently intersections, we extract semantic features of the trajectories in form of sequences of stops and moves. Under this spatiotemporal prism, the extracted semantic information which indicates where vehicles stop can reveal important locations, such as junctions. The advantage of the proposed approach in comparison with existing turning-points oriented approaches is that it can detect intersections even when not all the crossing road segments are sampled and therefore no turning points are observed in the trajectories. The challenge with this approach is that first of all, not all vehicles stop at the same location - thus, the stop-location is blurred along the direction of the road; this, secondly, leads to the effect that nearby junctions can induce similar stop-locations. As a first step, a density-based clustering is applied on the layer of stop observations and clusters of stop events are found. Representative points of the clusters are determined (one per cluster) and in a last step the existence of an intersection is clarified based on spatial relational cluster reasoning, with which less informative geospatial clusters, in terms of whether a junction exists and where its centre lies, are transformed in more informative ones. Relational reasoning criteria, based on the relative orientation of the clusters with their adjacent ones are discussed for making sense of the relation that connects them, and finally for forming groups of stop events that belong to the same junction.
Kathryn Moyle
2014-01-01
There are intersections that can occur between the respective peak Australian school education policy agendas. These policies include the use of technologies in classrooms to improve teaching and learning as promoted through the Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young Australians and the Australian Curriculum; and the implementation of professional standards as outlined in the Australian Professional Standard for Principals and the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers. ...
CONTROLLING TRAFFIC FLOW IN MULTILANE-ISOLATED INTERSECTION USING ANFIS APPROACH TECHNIQUES
G. R. LAI; A. CHE SOH; H. MD. SARKAN; R. Z. ABDUL RAHMAN; Hassan, M. K.
2015-01-01
Many controllers have applied the Adaptive Neural-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) concept for optimizing the controller performance. However, there are less traffic signal controllers developed using the ANFIS concept. ANFIS traffic signal controller with its fuzzy rule base and its ability to learn from a set of sample data could improve the performance of Existing traffic signal controlling system to reduce traffic congestions at most of the busy traffic intersections in city such as Kuala L...
Energy landscape and conical intersection points of the driven Rabi model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We examine the energy surfaces of the driven Rabi model, also known as the biased or generalized Rabi model, as a function of the coupling strength and the driving term. The energy surfaces are plotted numerically from the known analytic solution. The resulting energy landscape consists of an infinite stack of sheets connected by conical intersection points located at the degenerate Juddian points in the eigenspectrum. Trajectories encircling these points are expected to exhibit a nonzero geometric phase. (letter)
Nurius, Paula S.; Uehara, Edwina; Zatzick, Douglas F.
2013-01-01
This paper describes the intersection of converging lines of research on the social structural, psychosocial, and physiological factors involved in the production of stress and implications for the field of mental health. Of particular interest are the stress sensitization consequences stemming from exposure to adversity over the life course. Contemporary stress sensitization theory provides important clinical utility in articulating mechanisms through which these multiple levels exert influe...
Zárate, Maria Rodó de
2015-01-01
Introduction In this paper I seek to contribute to feminist geographies of fear by analyzing the ways young feminists in a medium-sized non-metropolitan city of Catalonia manage fear and discomfort in public spaces. Through empirical and analytical methodologies that provide participatory insights to the intersectional and spatial experience of oppression and privilege, I examine their uses and experiences of public space focusing on the personal and collective strategies they develop to f...
Fríða Óskarsdóttir 1987
2016-01-01
The aim of this thesis is to explore the intersection of consumer behavior and the environmental impact of electronic commerce. The intention is to inform the reader of the current impacts of consumption and online shopping while contributing to the opportunity for more sustainable individual online shopping practices in the future. Relatively recent literature was compiled and synthesized to form a literature review. The research method outlined a goal of identifying central issues and integ...
The Youth Bulge in Egypt: An Intersection of Demographics, Security, and the Arab Spring
Dan LaGraffe
2012-01-01
During the Arab Spring, Egyptians revolted against decades of poor governance and failed institutions. A wide range of grievances contributed to the eventual fall of the Mubarak regime, and most of these grievances were influenced by the demographic composition of the Egyptian population. This paper argues that the youth bulge in Egypt played a major role in the political transition and as such serves as the prime example of the intersection of demographics, security, and the Arab Spring.
Muntinga, M. E.; Krajenbrink, V. Q. E.; Peerdeman, S. M.; Croiset, G.; Verdonk, P.
2015-01-01
Recent years have seen a rise in the efforts to implement diversity topics into medical education, using either a ‘narrow’ or a ‘broad’ definition of culture. These developments urge that outcomes of such efforts are systematically evaluated by mapping the curriculum for diversity-responsive content. This study was aimed at using an intersectionality-based approach to define diversity-related learning objectives and to evaluate how biomedical and sociocultural aspects of diversity were integr...
(3, 1)*-Choosability of graphs of nonnegative characteristic without intersecting short cycles
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Haihui Zhang
2016-05-01
A graph is called (, )*-choosable if for every list assignment satisfying $|L(v)|\\geq k$ for all $v \\in V (G)$, there is an -coloring of such that each vertex of has at most neighbors colored with the same color as itself. In this paper, it is proved that every graph of nonnegative characteristic without intersecting -cycles for all = 3, 4, 5 is (3, 1)*-choosable.
Colosi, Rachela
2014-01-01
There is increasingly pressure for academic institutions to engage (diverse) ‘publics’ and work towards a more open and inclusive higher education. This inclusive approach is apparent in strategies for student recruitment, with attempts made by institutions to both attract and retain those from across intersections of society, diversifying the student population rather than limiting it to its traditional white middle-class demographic. In addition, in attempts to make higher education more in...
Many-particle rapidity correlations in light-ion interactions at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Many-particle rapidity correlations have been studied for αα, dd, and pp interactions at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings using the Split-Field Magnet detector, and basing the investigating on the distributions of rapidity gaps between particles. In the framework of a simple cluster model, it is found that all the data samples have similar features and that the events contain clusters of two different types. (orig.)