Wiretap Channel with Action-Dependent Channel State Information
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bin Dai
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the model of wiretap channel with action-dependent channel state information. Given the message to be communicated, the transmitter chooses an action sequence that affects the formation of the channel states, and then generates the channel input sequence based on the state sequence and the message. The main channel and the wiretap channel are two discrete memoryless channels (DMCs, and they are connected with the legitimate receiver and the wiretapper, respectively. Moreover, the transition probability distribution of the main channel depends on the channel state. Measuring wiretapper’s uncertainty about the message by equivocation, inner and outer bounds on the capacity-equivocation region are provided both for the case where the channel inputs are allowed to depend non-causally on the state sequence and the case where they are restricted to causal dependence. Furthermore, the secrecy capacities for both cases are bounded, which provide the best transmission rate with perfect secrecy. The result is further explained via a binary example.
Wiretap Channel with Causal State Information
Chia, Yeow-Khiang
2010-01-01
A lower bound on the secrecy capacity of the wiretap channel with state information available causally at both the encoder and decoder is established. The lower bound is shown to be strictly larger than that for the noncausal case by Liu and Chen. Achievability is proved using block Markov coding, Shannon strategy, and key generation from common state information. The state sequence available at the end of each block is used to generate a key, which is used to enhance the transmission rate of the confidential message in the following block. An upper bound on the secrecy capacity when the state is available noncausally at the encoder and decoder is established and is shown to coincide with the lower bound for several classes of wiretap channels with state.
Rajesh, R
2009-01-01
In this paper we address the problem of transmission of correlated sources over a fast fading multiple access channel (MAC) with partial channel state information available at both the encoders and the decoder. We provide sufficient conditions for transmission with given distortions. Next these conditions are specialized to a Gaussian MAC (GMAC). We provide the optimal power allocation strategy and compare the strategy with various levels of channel state information. Keywords: Fading MAC, Power allocation, Partial channel state information, Correlated sources.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Hui-Song; Zeng Gui-Hua
2008-01-01
In this paper,the effect of imperfect channel state information at the receiver, which is caused by noise and other interference, on the multi-access channel capacity is analysed through a statistical-mechanical approach. Replica analyses focus on analytically studying how the minimum mean square error (MMSE) channel estimation error appears in a multiuser channel capacity formula. And the relevant mathematical expressions are derived. At the same time,numerical simulation results are demonstrated to validate the Replica analyses. The simulation results show how the system parameters, such as channel estimation error, system load and signal-to-noise ratio, affect the channel capacity.
On the low SNR capacity of MIMO fading channels with imperfect channel state information
Benkhelifa, Fatma
2014-05-01
The capacity of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Rayleigh fading channels with full knowledge of channel state information (CSI) at both the transmitter and the receiver (CSI-TR) has been shown recently to scale at low Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) essentially as SNR log(1=SNR), independently of the number of transmit and receive antennas. In this paper, we investigate the ergodic capacity of MIMO Rayleigh fading channel with estimated channel state information at the transmitter (CSI-T) and possibly imperfect channel state information at the receiver (CSI-R). Our framework can be seen as a generalization of previous works as it can capture the perfect CSI-TR as a special case when the estimation error variance goes to zero. In our work, we mainly focus on the low SNR regime and we show that the capacity scales as (1-α) SNR log(1=SNR), where α is the estimation error variance. This characterization shows the loss of performance due to error estimation over the perfect channel state information at both the transmitter and the receiver. As a by-product of our new analysis, we show that our framework can also be extended to characterize the capacity of MIMO Rician fading channels at low SNR with possibly imperfect CSI-T and CSI-R. © 2014 IFIP.
On the low SNR capacity of MIMO fading channels with imperfect channel state information
Benkhelifa, Fatma
2014-06-01
The capacity of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) Rayleigh fading channels with full knowledge of channel state information (CSI) at both the transmitter and the receiver (CSI-TR) has been shown recently to scale at low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) essentially as SNR log(1/SNR), independently of the number of transmit and receive antennas. In this paper, we investigate the ergodic capacity of MIMO Rayleigh fading channel with estimated channel state information at the transmitter (CSI-T) and possibly imperfect channel state information at the receiver (CSI-R). Our framework can be seen as a generalization of previous works as it can capture the perfect CSI-TR as a special case when the estimation error variance goes to zero. In this paper, we mainly focus on the low SNR regime, and we show that the capacity scales as (1-α) SNR log(1/SNR), where α is the estimation error variance. This characterization shows the loss of performance due to error estimation over the perfect channel state information at both the transmitter and the receiver. As a by-product of our new analysis, we show that our framework can be also extended to characterize the capacity of MIMO Rician fading channels at low SNR with possibly imperfect CSI-T and CSI-R. © 1972-2012 IEEE.
Ergodic Capacity of Cognitive Radio under Imperfect Channel State Information
Rezk, Zouheir
2012-01-01
A spectrum-sharing communication system where the secondary user is aware of the instantaneous channel state information (CSI) of the secondary link, but knows only the statistics and an estimated version of the secondary transmitter-primary receiver (ST-PR) link, is investigated. The optimum power profile and the ergodic capacity of the secondary link are derived for general fading channels (with continuous probability density function) under average and peak transmit-power constraints and with respect to two different interference constraints: an interference outage constraint and a signal-to-interference outage constraint. When applied to Rayleigh fading channels, our results show, for instance, that the interference constraint is harmful at high-power regime in the sense that the capacity does not increase with the power, whereas at low-power regime, it has a marginal impact and no-interference performance corresponding to the ergodic capacity under average or peak transmit power constraint in absence of ...
Secure Broadcasting with Imperfect Channel State Information at the Transmitter
Hyadi, Amal
2015-11-13
We investigate the problem of secure broadcasting over fast fading channels with imperfect main channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter. In particular, we analyze the effect of the noisy estimation of the main CSI on the throughput of a broadcast channel where the transmission is intended for multiple legitimate receivers in the presence of an eavesdropper. Besides, we consider the realistic case where the transmitter is only aware of the statistics of the eavesdropper’s CSI and not of its channel’s realizations. First, we discuss the common message transmission case where the source broadcasts the same information to all the receivers, and we provide an upper and a lower bounds on the ergodic secrecy capacity. For this case, we show that the secrecy rate is limited by the legitimate receiver having, on average, the worst main channel link and we prove that a non-zero secrecy rate can still be achieved even when the CSI at the transmitter is noisy. Then, we look at the independent messages case where the transmitter broadcasts multiple messages to the receivers, and each intended user is interested in an independent message. For this case, we present an expression for the achievable secrecy sum-rate and an upper bound on the secrecy sum-capacity and we show that, in the limit of large number of legitimate receivers K, our achievable secrecy sum-rate follows the scaling law log((1−) log(K)), where is the estimation error variance of the main CSI. The special cases of high SNR, perfect and no-main CSI are also analyzed. Analytical derivations and numerical results are presented to illustrate the obtained expressions for the case of independent and identically distributed Rayleigh fading channels.
On the capacity of Rician fading channels with full channel state information at low SNR
Rezki, Zouheir
2012-06-01
The capacity of flat Rayleigh fading channels with full channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter and at the receiver at asymptotically low SNR has been recently shown to scale essentially as SNR log (1/SNR). In this paper, we investigate the Rician fading channel capacity with full CSI, and show that the capacity of this channel scales essentially as 1/1+K SNR log (1 /SNR), where K is the Rician factor. This characterization includes perfect CSI at both the transmitter and the receiver or noisy CSI at the transmitter and perfect CSI at the receiver. We also show that one-bit CSI at the transmitter is enough to achieve this asymptotic capacity using an On-Off power control scheme. Our framework may be seen as a generalization of previous works as it captures the Rayleigh fading channel as a special case by letting K goes to zero. © 2012 IEEE.
Multi-User Diversity vs. Accurate Channel State Information in MIMO Downlink Channels
Ravindran, Niranjay
2009-01-01
In a multiple transmit antenna, single antenna per receiver downlink channel with limited channel state feedback, we consider the following question: given a constraint on the total system-wide feedback load, is it preferable to get low-rate/coarse channel feedback from a large number of receivers or high-rate/high-quality feedback from a smaller number of receivers? Acquiring feedback from many receivers allows multi-user diversity to be exploited, while high-rate feedback allows for very precise selection of beamforming directions. We show that there is a strong preference for obtaining high-quality feedback, and that obtaining near-perfect channel information from as many receivers as possible provides a significantly larger sum rate than collecting a few feedback bits from a large number of users.
On the secrecy capacity of the broadcast wiretap channel with imperfect channel state information
Hyadi, Amal
2014-12-01
In this paper, we consider secure broadcasting over fast fading channels. Assuming imperfect main channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter, we first provide an upper and a lower bounds on the ergodic secrecy capacity when a common message is broadcasted to multiple legitimate receivers in the presence of one eavesdropper. For this case, we show that the secrecy rate is limited by the legitimate receiver having, on average, the worst main channel link. Then, we present an expression for the achievable secrecy sum-rate when each legitimate receiver is interested in an independent message. The special cases of high SNR, perfect and no-main CSI are also analyzed. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the obtained results for the case of independent but not necessarily identically distributed Rayleigh fading channels.
Rezki, Zouheir
2013-06-01
We study the throughput capacity region of the Gaussian multiaccess (MAC) fading channel with perfect channel state information (CSI) at the receiver (CSI-R) and at the transmitters (CSI-T), at low power regime. We show that it has a multidimensional rectangle structure and thus is simply characterized by single user capacity points. More specifically, we show that at low power regime, the boundary surface of the capacity region shrinks to a single point corresponding to the sum rate maximizer and that the coordinates of this point coincide with single user capacity bounds. Inspired from this result, we propose an on-off scheme, compute its achievable rate, and provide a necessary condition on the fading channels under which this scheme achieves single user capacity bounds of the MAC channel at asymptotically low power regime. We argue that this necessary condition characterizes a class of fading that encompasses all known wireless channels, where the capacity region of the MAC channel has a simple expression in terms of users\\' average power constraints only. © 2013 IEEE.
On the capacity of cognitive radio under limited channel state information over fading channels
Rezki, Zouheir
2011-06-01
A spectrum-sharing communication system where the secondary user is aware of the instantaneous channel state information (CSI) of the secondary link, but knows only the statistics and an estimated version of the secondary transmitter-primary receiver (ST-PR) link, is investigated. The optimum power profile and the ergodic capacity of the secondary link are derived for general fading channels (with continuous probability density function) under average and peak transmit-power constraints and with respect to two different interference constraints: an interference outage constraint and a signal-to-interference (SI) outage constraint. When applied to Rayleigh fading channels, our results show, for instance, that the interference constraint is harmful at high-power regime, whereas at low-power regime, it has a marginal impact and no-interference performance may be achieved. © 2011 IEEE.
Xu, Wei; Lu, Wu-Sheng; 10.1109/TSP.2010.2056687
2012-01-01
Multi-antenna relaying has emerged as a promising technology to enhance the system performance in cellular networks. However, when precoding techniques are utilized to obtain multi-antenna gains, the system generally requires channel state information (CSI) at the transmitters. We consider a linear precoding scheme in a MIMO relaying broadcast channel with quantized CSI feedback from both two-hop links. With this scheme, each remote user feeds back its quantized CSI to the relay, and the relay sends back the quantized precoding information to the base station (BS). An upper bound on the rate loss due to quantized channel knowledge is first characterized. Then, in order to maintain the rate loss within a predetermined gap for growing SNRs, a strategy of scaling quantization quality of both two-hop links is proposed. It is revealed that the numbers of feedback bits of both links should scale linearly with the transmit power at the relay, while only the bit number of feedback from the relay to the BS needs to gr...
Multi-User Diversity vs. Accurate Channel State Information in MIMO Downlink Channels
Ravindran, Niranjay; Jindal, Nihar
2009-01-01
In a multiple transmit antenna, single antenna per receiver downlink channel with limited channel state feedback, we consider the following question: given a constraint on the total system-wide feedback load, is it preferable to get low-rate/coarse channel feedback from a large number of receivers or high-rate/high-quality feedback from a smaller number of receivers? Acquiring feedback from many receivers allows multi-user diversity to be exploited, while high-rate feedback allows for very pr...
Information-guided communications in MIMO systems with channel state impairments
Yang, Yuli
2013-06-20
Information-guided channel hopping (IGCH) is a promising technique for high-data-rate communications using multiple antennas for information mapping at the transmitter and optional antenna diversity at the receiver. Compared with some popular multi-antenna techniques, the advantage of this scheme is proven in ideal channel conditions, where the channel is spatially white and the perfect channel state information is assumed available at the receiver. The main objective of this paper is to present an information theoretical study on IGCH in realistic propagation environments with channel degeneracy due to spatial correlation and keyhole phenomena as well as imperfect channel estimation. It is proven that good performance promised by IGCH can be achieved in a variety of non-ideal channel conditions. Moreover, the analysis in this paper provides a convenient tool for the corresponding system design in practical operating environments. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
On the capacity of nakagami-m fading Channels with full channel state information at low SNR
Rezki, Zouheir
2012-06-01
The capacity of flat Rayleigh fading channels with full channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter and at the receiver at asymptotically low SNR has been recently shown to scale essentially as SNR log(1/SNR)}. In this paper, we investigate the Nakagami-m fading channel capacity with full CSI, and show that the capacity of this channel scales essentially as m/ Omega SNR log(1/SNR), where m is the Nakagami-m fading parameter and where Ω is the channel mean-square. We also show that one-bit CSI at the transmitter is enough to achieve this asymptotic capacity using an On-Off power control scheme. Our framework may be seen as a generalization of previous works as it captures the Rayleigh fading channel as a special case by taking m=1. © 2012 IEEE.
Rezki, Zouheir
2014-01-01
We study the throughput capacity region of the Gaussian multi-access (MAC) fading channel with perfect channel state information (CSI) at the receiver and at the transmitters, at low power regime. We show that it has a multidimensional rectangle structure and thus is simply characterized by single user capacity points.More specifically, we show that at low power regime, the boundary surface of the capacity region shrinks to a single point corresponding to the sum rate maximizer and that the coordinates of this point coincide with single user capacity bounds. Inspired from this result, we propose an on-off scheme, compute its achievable rate, and show that this scheme achieves single user capacity bounds of the MAC channel for a wide class of fading channels at asymptotically low power regime. We argue that this class of fading encompasses all known wireless channels for which the capacity region of the MAC channel has even a simpler expression in terms of users\\' average power constraints only. Using the duality of Gaussian MAC and broadcast channels (BC), we deduce a simple characterization of the BC capacity region at low power regime and show that for a class of fading channels (including Rayleigh fading), time-sharing is asymptotically optimal. © 2014 IEEE.
Benkhelifa, Fatma
2013-04-01
In this letter, we study the ergodic capacity of a maximum ratio combining (MRC) Rician fading channel with full channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter and at the receiver. We focus on the low Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) regime and we show that the capacity scales as L ΩK+L SNRx log(1SNR), where Ω is the expected channel gain per branch, K is the Rician fading factor, and L is the number of diversity branches. We show that one-bit CSI feedback at the transmitter is enough to achieve this capacity using an on-off power control scheme. Our framework can be seen as a generalization of recently established results regarding the fading-channels capacity characterization in the low-SNR regime. © 2012 IEEE.
Degraded Broadcast Diamond Channels with Non-Causal State Information at the Source
Li, Min; Yener, Aylin
2012-01-01
A state-dependent degraded broadcast diamond channel is studied where the source-to-relays cut is modeled with two noiseless, finite-capacity digital links with a degraded broadcasting structure, while the relays-to-destination cut is a general multiple access channel controlled by a random state. It is assumed that the source has non-causal channel state information and the relays have no state information. Under this model, first, the capacity is characterized for the case where the destination has state information, i.e., has access to the state sequence. It is demonstrated that in this case, a joint message and state transmission scheme via binning is optimal. Next, the case where the destination does not have state information, i.e., the case with state information at the source only, is considered. For this scenario, lower and upper bounds on the capacity are derived for the general discrete memoryless model. Achievable rates are then computed for the case in which the relays-to-destination cut is affec...
Rezki, Zouheir
2013-07-01
We study the throughput capacity region of the Gaussian multi-access (MAC) fading channel with perfect channel state information (CSI) at the receiver and at the transmitters (CSI-TR), at low power regime. We show that it has a multidimensional rectangle structure and thus is simply characterized by single user capacity points. More specifically, we show that at low power regime, the boundary surface of the capacity region shrinks to a single point corresponding to the sum-rate maximizer and that the coordinates of this point coincide with single user capacity bounds. Using the duality of Gaussian MAC and broadcast channels (BC), we provide a simple characterization of the BC capacity region at low power regime. © 2013 IEEE.
BER analysis of TDD downlink multiuser MIMO systems with imperfect channel state information
Zhou, Baolong; Jiang, Lingge; Zhao, Shengjie; He, Chen
2011-12-01
In downlink multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) systems, the zero-forcing (ZF) transmission is a simple and effective technique for separating users and data streams of each user at the transmitter side, but its performance depends greatly on the accuracy of the available channel state information (CSI) at the transmitter side. In time division duplex (TDD) systems, the base station estimates CSI based on uplink pilots and then uses it through channel reciprocity to generate the precoding matrix in the downlink transmission. Because of the constraints of the TDD frame structure and the uplink pilot overhead, there inevitably exists CSI delay and channel estimation error between CSI estimation and downlink transmission channel, which degrades system performance significantly. In this article, by characterizing CSI inaccuracies caused by CSI delay and channel estimation error, we develop a novel bit error rate (BER) expression for M-QAM signal in TDD downlink MU-MIMO systems. We find that channel estimation error causes array gain loss while CSI delay causes diversity gain loss. Moreover, CSI delay causes more performance degradation than channel estimation error at high signal-to-noise ratio for time varying channel. Our research is especially valuable for the design of the adaptive modulation and coding scheme as well as the optimization of MU-MIMO systems. Numerical simulations show accurate agreement with the proposed analytical expressions.
Non-cooperative Feedback Rate Control Game for Channel State Information in Wireless Networks
Song, Lingyang; Han, Zhu; Zhang, Zhongshan; Jiao, Bingli
2011-01-01
It has been well recognized that channel state information (CSI) feedback is of great importance for dowlink transmissions of closed-loop wireless networks. However, the existing work typically researched the CSI feedback problem for each individual mobile station (MS), and thus, cannot efficiently model the interactions among self-interested mobile users in the network level. To this end, in this paper, we propose an alternative approach to investigate the CSI feedback rate control problem i...
On the capacity of cognitive radio under limited channel state information
Rezki, Zouheir
2010-09-01
A spectrum-sharing communication system where the secondary user is aware of the instantaneous channel state information (CSI) of the secondary link, but knows only the statistics of the secondary transmitter-primary receiver link, is investigated. The optimum power profile and the ergodic capacity of the secondary link are derived for general fading channels (with continuous probability density function) under average and peak transmit-power constraints and with respect to two different interference constraints: an interference outage constraint and a signal-to-interference (SI) outage constraint. When applied to Rayleigh fading channels, our results show that the interference constraint is harmful at high-power regime, whereas at lowpower regime, it has a marginal impact and no-interference performance may be achieved. © 2010 IEEE.
Capacity of cognitive radio under imperfect secondary and cross link channel state information
Sboui, Lokman
2011-09-01
In this paper, we study the ergodic capacity of secondary user channel in a spectrum sharing scenario in which the secondary transmitter is instantaneously aware of estimated versions of the cross link (between the secondary transmitter and the primary receiver) and the secondary link Channel State Information (CSI). The secondary link optimal power profile along with the ergodic capacity are derived for a class of fading channels, under an average power constraint and an instantaneous interference outage constraint. We also show that our framework is rather general as it encompasses several previously studied spectrum sharing settings as special cases. In order to gain some insights on the capacity behavior, numerical results are shown for independent Rayleigh fading channels where it is found for instance, that at low SNR regime, only the secondary channel estimation matters and that the cross link CSI has no effect on the ergodic capacity; whereas at high SNR regime, the capacity is rather driven by the cross link CSI. © 2011 IEEE.
Han, Guangyue
2010-01-01
We consider a finite-state memoryless channel with i.i.d. channel state and the input Markov process supported on a mixing finite-type constraint. We discuss the asymptotic behavior of entropy rate of the output hidden Markov chain and deduce that the mutual information rate of such a channel is concave with respect to the parameters of the input Markov processes at high signal-to-noise ratio. In principle, the concavity result enables good numerical approximation of the maximum mutual information rate and capacity of such a channel.
Benkhelifa, Fatma
2013-09-01
The effective capacity have been introduced by Wu and Neji as a link-layer model supporting statistical delay QoS requirements. In this paper, we propose to study the effective capacity of a Nakagami-m fading channel with full channel state information (CSI) at both the transmitter and at the receiver. We focus on the low Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) regime. We show that the effective capacity for any arbitrary but finite statistically delay Quality of Service (QoS) exponent θ, scales essentially as S NRlog(1/SNR) exactly as the ergodic capacity, independently of any QoS constraint. We also characterize the minimum energy required for reliable communication, and the wideband slope to show that our results are in agreement with results established recently by Gursoy et al. We also propose an on-off power control scheme that achieves the capacity asymptotically using only one bit CSI feedback at the transmitter. Finally, some numerical results are presented to show the accuracy of our asymptotic results. © 2013 IEEE.
Ergodic Capacity of Cognitive Radio Under Imperfect Channel-State Information
Rezki, Zouheir
2012-09-08
A spectrum-sharing communication system where the secondary user is aware of the instantaneous channel-state information (CSI) of the secondary link but knows only the statistics and an estimated version of the secondary transmitter-primary receiver link is investigated. The optimum power profile and the ergodic capacity of the secondary link are derived for general fading channels [with a continuous probability density function (pdf)] under the average and peak transmit power constraints and with respect to the following two different interference constraints: 1) an interference outage constraint and 2) a signal-to-interference outage constraint. When applied to Rayleigh fading channels, our results show, for example, that the interference constraint is harmful at the high-power regime, because the capacity does not increase with the power, whereas at the low-power regime, it has a marginal impact and no-interference performance, which corresponds to the ergodic capacity under average or peak transmit power constraint in the absence of the primary user, may be achieved. © 2012 IEEE.
Ergodic Fading One-sided Interference Channels without State Information at Transmitters
Zhu, Yan
2009-01-01
This work studies the capacity region of a two-user ergodic interference channel with fading, where only one of the users is subject to interference from the other user, and the channel state information (CSI) is only available at the receivers. A layered erasure model with one-sided interference and with arbitrary fading statistics is studied first, whose capacity region is completely determined as a polygon. Each dominant rate pair can be regarded as the outcome of a trade-off between the rate gain of the interference-free user and the rate loss of the other user due to interference. Using insights from the layered erasure model, inner and outer bounds of the capacity region are provided for the one-sided fading Gaussian interference channels. In particular, the inner bound is achieved by artificially creating layers in the signaling of the interference-free user. The outer bound is developed by characterizing a similar trade-off as in the erasure model by taking a "layered" view using the incremental chann...
Bounds on the Capacity of the Relay Channel with Noncausal State Information at Source
Zaidi, Abdellatif; Piantanida, Pablo; Vandendorpe, Luc
2010-01-01
We consider a three-terminal state-dependent relay channel with the channel state available non-causally at only the source. Such a model may be of interest for node cooperation in the framework of cognition, i.e., collaborative signal transmission involving cognitive and non-cognitive radios. We study the capacity of this communication model. One principal problem in this setup is caused by the relay's not knowing the channel state. In the discrete memoryless (DM) case, we establish lower bounds on channel capacity. For the Gaussian case, we derive lower and upper bounds on the channel capacity. The upper bound is strictly better than the cut-set upper bound. We show that one of the developed lower bounds comes close to the upper bound, asymptotically, for certain ranges of rates.
Adaptive rate transmission for spectrum sharing system with quantized channel state information
Abdallah, Mohamed M.
2011-03-01
The capacity of a secondary link in spectrum sharing systems has been recently investigated in fading environments. In particular, the secondary transmitter is allowed to adapt its power and rate to maximize its capacity subject to the constraint of maximum interference level allowed at the primary receiver. In most of the literature, it was assumed that estimates of the channel state information (CSI) of the secondary link and the interference level are made available at the secondary transmitter via an infinite-resolution feedback links between the secondary/primary receivers and the secondary transmitter. However, the assumption of having infinite resolution feedback links is not always practical as it requires an excessive amount of bandwidth. In this paper we develop a framework for optimizing the performance of the secondary link in terms of the average spectral efficiency assuming quantized CSI available at the secondary transmitter. We develop a computationally efficient algorithm for optimally quantizing the CSI and finding the optimal power and rate employed at the cognitive transmitter for each quantized CSI level so as to maximize the average spectral efficiency. Our results give the number of bits required to represent the CSI sufficient to achieve almost the maximum average spectral efficiency attained using full knowledge of the CSI for Rayleigh fading channels. © 2011 IEEE.
Secret-key Agreement with Channel State Information at the Transmitter
Khisti, Ashish; Wornell, Gregory
2010-01-01
We study the capacity of secret-key agreement over a wiretap channel with state parameters. The transmitter communicates to the legitimate receiver and the eavesdropper over a discrete memoryless wiretap channel with a memoryless state sequence. The transmitter and the legitimate receiver generate a shared secret key, that remains secret from the eavesdropper. No public discussion channel is available. The state sequence is known noncausally to the transmitter. We derive lower and upper bounds on the secret-key capacity. The lower bound involves constructing a common state reconstruction sequence at the legitimate terminals and binning the set of reconstruction sequences to obtain the secret-key. For the special case of Gaussian channels with additive interference (secret-keys from dirty paper channel) our bounds differ by 0.5 bit/symbol and coincide in the high signal-to-noise-ratio and high interference-to-noise-ratio regimes. For the case when the legitimate receiver is also revealed the state sequence, we...
Information geometry of Gaussian channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We define a local Riemannian metric tensor in the manifold of Gaussian channels and the distance that it induces. We adopt an information-geometric approach and define a metric derived from the Bures-Fisher metric for quantum states. The resulting metric inherits several desirable properties from the Bures-Fisher metric and is operationally motivated by distinguishability considerations: It serves as an upper bound to the attainable quantum Fisher information for the channel parameters using Gaussian states, under generic constraints on the physically available resources. Our approach naturally includes the use of entangled Gaussian probe states. We prove that the metric enjoys some desirable properties like stability and covariance. As a by-product, we also obtain some general results in Gaussian channel estimation that are the continuous-variable analogs of previously known results in finite dimensions. We prove that optimal probe states are always pure and bounded in the number of ancillary modes, even in the presence of constraints on the reduced state input in the channel. This has experimental and computational implications. It limits the complexity of optimal experimental setups for channel estimation and reduces the computational requirements for the evaluation of the metric: Indeed, we construct a converging algorithm for its computation. We provide explicit formulas for computing the multiparametric quantum Fisher information for dissipative channels probed with arbitrary Gaussian states and provide the optimal observables for the estimation of the channel parameters (e.g., bath couplings, squeezing, and temperature).
Information geometry of Gaussian channels
Monras, Alex
2009-01-01
We define a local Riemannian metric tensor in the manifold of Gaussian channels and the distance that it induces. We adopt an information-geometric approach and define a metric derived from the Bures-Fisher metric for quantum states. The resulting metric inherits several desirable properties from the Bures-Fisher metric and is operationally motivated from distinguishability considerations: It serves as an upper bound to the attainable quantum Fisher information for the channel parameters using Gaussian states, under some restriction on the available resources. We prove that optimal states are always pure and bounded in the number of ancillary modes that are needed. This has experimental and computational advantages: It limits the complexity of optimal experimental setups for channel estimation and reduces the computational requirements for the evaluation of the metric. Indeed, we construct a converging algorithm for computing the metric. We provide explicit formulae for computing the multiparametric quantum F...
Using Channel State Information for Tamper Detection in the Internet of Things
Bagci, Ibrahim Ethem; Roedig, Utz; Martinovic, Ivan; Schulz, Matthias; Hollick, Matthias
2015-01-01
Each 802.11n WiFi frame contains a preamble which allows a receiver to estimate the impact of the wireless channel and of the transmitter on the received signal. The estimation result - the CSI - is used by a receiver to extract the transmitted information. However, as the CSI depends on the communication environment and the transmitter hardware it can as well be used for security purposes. If an attacker tampers with a transmitter it will have an effect on the CSI measured at a receiver. Man...
A CROSS-LAYER SCHEDULER WITH CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION FOR GUARANTEED QUALITY OF SERVICE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Nandhini
2014-01-01
Full Text Available WiMAX networks are deployed for commercial use because of its nature high bandwidth. This requirement invokes the application level changes in QoS provisioning techniques. The objective of the broadband wireless technologies is to ensure the end to end Quality of Service (QoS for the service classes. WiMAX is a revolution in wireless networks, which could support real time multimedia services. In order to provide QoS support and efficient usage of system resources an intelligent scheduling algorithm is needed. The design of the detailed scheduling algorithm is a major focus for researchers and service providers. In this study, a channel aware cross-layer scheduling algorithm for WiMAX networks has been proposed. This scheme employs the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR value, which allocates the bandwidth based on the information about the quality of the channel and the service requirements of each connection. The proposed algorithm is described in detail and evaluated, through a series of simulations. The QoS parameters of throughput, bandwidth efficiency and transmission efficiency have been measured in simulation.
Information transfer through quantum channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
all known coding theorems can be generalized from memoryless channels to forgetful memory channels. We also present examples for non-forgetful channels, and derive generic entropic upper bounds on their capacities for (private) classical and quantum information transfer. Ch. 7 provides a brief introduction to quantum information spectrum methods as a promising approach to coding theorems for completely general quantum sources and channels. We present a data compression theorem for general quantum sources and apply these results to ergodic as well as mixed sources. Finally we investigate the continuity of distillable entanglement - another key notion of the field, which characterizes the optimal asymptotic rate at which maximally entangled states can be generated from many copies of a less entangled state. We derive uniform norm bounds for all states with full support, and we extend some of these results to quantum channel capacities. (orig.)
Information transfer through quantum channels
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kretschmann, D.
2007-03-12
channel. We then explain how all known coding theorems can be generalized from memoryless channels to forgetful memory channels. We also present examples for non-forgetful channels, and derive generic entropic upper bounds on their capacities for (private) classical and quantum information transfer. Ch. 7 provides a brief introduction to quantum information spectrum methods as a promising approach to coding theorems for completely general quantum sources and channels. We present a data compression theorem for general quantum sources and apply these results to ergodic as well as mixed sources. Finally we investigate the continuity of distillable entanglement - another key notion of the field, which characterizes the optimal asymptotic rate at which maximally entangled states can be generated from many copies of a less entangled state. We derive uniform norm bounds for all states with full support, and we extend some of these results to quantum channel capacities. (orig.)
MIMO Wiretap Channels with Arbitrarily Varying Eavesdropper Channel States
He, Xiang
2010-01-01
In this work, a class of information theoretic secrecy problems is addressed where the eavesdropper channel states are completely unknown to the legitimate parties. In particular, MIMO wiretap channel models are considered where the channel of the eavesdropper is arbitrarily varying over time. Assuming that the number of antennas of the eavesdropper is limited, the secrecy rate of the MIMO wiretap channel in the sense of strong secrecy is derived, and shown to match with the converse in secure degrees of freedom. It is proved that there exists a universal coding scheme that secures the confidential message against any sequence of channel states experienced by the eavesdropper. This yields the conclusion that secure communication is possible regardless of the location or channel states of (potentially infinite number of) eavesdroppers. Additionally, it is observed that, the present setting renders the secrecy capacity problems for multi-terminal wiretap-type channels more tractable as compared the case with fu...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schäfer, Joachim; Karpov, Evgueni; Cerf, Nicolas J. [QuIC, Ecole Polytechnique de Bruxelles, CP 165/59, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)
2014-12-04
We seek for a realistic implementation of multimode Gaussian entangled states that can realize the optimal encoding for quantum bosonic Gaussian channels with memory. For a Gaussian channel with classical additive Markovian correlated noise and a lossy channel with non-Markovian correlated noise, we demonstrate the usefulness using Gaussian matrix-product states (GMPS). These states can be generated sequentially, and may, in principle, approximate well any Gaussian state. We show that we can achieve up to 99.9% of the classical Gaussian capacity with GMPS requiring squeezing parameters that are reachable with current technology. This may offer a way towards an experimental realization.
Performance of Pre-processing Schemes with Imperfect Channel State Information
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Søren Skovgaard; Kyritsi, Persa; De Carvalho, Elisabeth;
2006-01-01
Pre-processing techniques have several benefits when the CSI is perfect. In this work we investigate three linear pre-processing filters, assuming imperfect CSI caused by noise degradation and channel temporal variation. Results indicate, that the LMMSE filter achieves the lowest BER and the...... highest SINR when the CSI is perfect, whereas the simple matched filter may be a good choice when the CSI is imperfect. Additionally the results give insight into the inherent trade-off between robustness against CSI imperfections and spatial focusing ability....
Zafar, Ammar
2012-06-01
In this report, energy-efficient transmission and power allocation for fixed-gain amplify-and-forward relay networks with partial channel state information (CSI) are studied. In the energy-efficiency problem, the total power consumed is minimized while keeping the signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) above a certain threshold. In the dual problem of power allocation, the end-to-end SNR is maximized under individual and global power constraints. Closed-form expressions for the optimal source and relay powers and the Lagrangian multiplier are obtained. Numerical results show that the optimal power allocation with partial CSI provides comparable performance as optimal power allocation with full CSI at low SNR.
Hwang, Kyusung
2013-09-01
In this paper, we study the outage performance of an amplify-and-forward (AF)-based two-way relaying (TWR) system with multiple relays where a single relay selection is performed based on outdated channel state information (CSI). Specifically, we propose a single relay selection scheme in AF-based TWR system under outdated CSI conditions. With this policy, we offer a statistical analysis of the signal-to-noise ratio per hop and analyze the outage probability with asymmetric outage thresholds based on CSI-assisted AF protocol. Additionally, we provide the exact and asymptotic expressions based on the provided statistical/joint statistical analyses of a dual-hop AF transmission. Finally, we verify our analytical results with some selected computer-based simulation results. © 1972-2012 IEEE.
Zafar, Ammar
2012-09-16
In this letter, energy-efficient transmission and power allocation for fixed-gain amplify-and-forward relay networks with partial channel state information (CSI) are studied. In the energy-efficiency problem, the total power consumed is minimized while keeping the signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) above a certain threshold. In the dual problem of power allocation, the end-to-end SNR is maximized under individual and global power constraints. Closed-form expressions for the optimal source and relay powers and the Lagrangian multiplier are obtained. Numerical results show that the optimal power allocation with partial CSI provides comparable performance as optimal power allocation with full CSI at low SNR. © 2012 IEEE.
Channel simulation with quantum side information
Luo, Z; Devetak, Igor; Luo, Zhicheng
2006-01-01
We study and solve the problem of classical channel simulation with quantum side information at the receiver. This is a generalization of both the classical reverse Shannon theorem, and the classical-quantum Slepian-Wolf problem. The optimal noiseless communication rate is found to be reduced from the mutual information between the channel input and output by the Holevo information between the channel output and the quantum side information. Our main theorem has two important corollaries. The first is a quantum generalization of the Wyner-Ziv problem: rate-distortion theory with quantum side information. The second is an alternative proof of the trade-off between classical communication and common randomness distilled from a quantum state. The fully quantum generalization of the problem considered is quantum state redistribution. Here the sender and receiver share a mixed quantum state and the sender wants to transfer part of her state to the receiver using entanglement and quantum communication. We present o...
Sharma, Devendra Kumar
A study was made of information sources and channels whereby new ideas about improved farming methods are communicated to farmers. Questionnaire interviews were held with 200 farmers in Madhya Pradesh, India. Of the five information sources studied, neighbors were named by all respondents, village level workers by 72%, chairmen of village…
Information capacities of quantum measurement channels
Holevo, A. S.
2013-03-01
We study the relation between the unassisted and entanglement-assisted classical capacities C and Cea of entanglement-breaking channels. We argue that the gain of entanglement assistance Cea/C > 1 generically for measurement channels with unsharp observables; in particular for the measurements with pure posterior states the information loss in the entanglement-assisted protocol is zero, resulting in an arbitrarily large gain for very noisy or weak signal channels. This is illustrated by examples of continuous observables corresponding to state tomography in finite dimensions and heterodyne measurement. In contrast, state preparations are characterized by the property of having no gain of entanglement assistance, Cea/C = 1.
Information capacities of quantum measurement channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the relation between the unassisted and entanglement-assisted classical capacities C and Cea of entanglement-breaking channels. We argue that the gain of entanglement assistance Cea/C > 1 generically for measurement channels with unsharp observables; in particular for the measurements with pure posterior states the information loss in the entanglement-assisted protocol is zero, resulting in an arbitrarily large gain for very noisy or weak signal channels. This is illustrated by examples of continuous observables corresponding to state tomography in finite dimensions and heterodyne measurement. In contrast, state preparations are characterized by the property of having no gain of entanglement assistance, Cea/C = 1. (paper)
Interference Alignment with Analog Channel State Feedback
Ayach, Omar El; Heath Jr, Robert W.
2010-01-01
Interference alignment (IA) is a multiplexing gain optimal transmission strategy for the interference channel. While the achieved sum rate with IA is much higher than previously thought possible, the improvement often comes at the cost of requiring network channel state information at the transmitters. This can be achieved by explicit feedback, a flexible yet potentially costly approach that incurs large overhead. In this paper we propose analog feedback as an alternative to limited feedback ...
Mutual Information of Pauli Channels with Correlated Noise
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HOU Li-zhen; FANG Mao-Fa
2007-01-01
A general formula for the mutual information of the Pauli channels with memory modelled by correlated noise is derived.It is shown that the mutual information depends on the channel shrinking factor,the input state parameter and the channel memory coefficient.The analyses based on the general formula reveal that the entanglement is always a useful resource to enhance the mutual information of some.Pauli channels,such as the bit flip channel and the bit-phase flip channel.Our analyses also show that the entanglement is not advantageous to the reliable transmission of classical information for Borne Pauli channels at any time,such as the phase flip channel and the phase damping channel.
Wiretap Channel with Information Embedding on Actions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xinxing Yin
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Information embedding on actions is a new channel model in which a specific decoder is used to observe the actions taken by the encoder and retrieve part of the message intended for the receiver. We revisit this model and consider a different scenario where a secrecy constraint is imposed. By adding a wiretapper in the model, we aim to send the confidential message to the receiver and keep it secret from the wiretapper as much as possible. We characterize the inner and outer bounds on the capacity-equivocation region of such a channel with noncausal (and causal channel state information. Furthermore, the lower and upper bounds on the sum secrecy capacity are also obtained. Besides, by eliminating the specific decoder, we get a new outer bound on the capacity-equivocation region of the wiretap channel with action-dependent states and prove it is tighter than the existing outer bound. A binary example is presented to illustrate the tradeoff between the sum secrecy rate and the information embedding rate under the secrecy constraint. We find that the secrecy constraint and the communication requirements of information embedding have a negative impact on improving the secrecy transmission rate of the given communication link.
Dynamical Equations for Quantum Information and Application in Information Channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BI Qiao; XING Xiu-San; H. E. Ruda
2005-01-01
@@ We establish several dynamical equations for quantum information density. It is demonstrated that quantum information density shares the same formalism of the Liouville equation, subdynamics kinetic equation and Fokker-Planck equation as the density operator and also possesses the superposition property. These allow one to use quantum information density directly to model quantum information. The kinetic equations for quantum information density reveal that the dynamical process of quantum information may be related to dissipative,Markovian, or diffusional information flows, together causing irreversibility. Finally, we discuss superposition of quantum information density, which allows us to construct a quantum information channel in the coherent state representation using harmonic oscillator based encoded quantum information, and obtain a formula for quantum dynamical mutual information.
Interference Channels with Correlated Receiver Side Information
Liu, Nan; Gunduz, Deniz; Goldsmith, Andrea J.; Poor, H. Vincent
2008-01-01
The problem of joint source-channel coding in transmitting independent sources over interference channels with correlated receiver side information is studied. When each receiver has side information correlated with its own desired source, it is shown that source-channel code separation is optimal. When each receiver has side information correlated with the interfering source, sufficient conditions for reliable transmission are provided based on a joint source-channel coding scheme using the ...
An information-guided channel-hopping scheme for block-fading channels with estimation errors
Yang, Yuli
2010-12-01
Information-guided channel-hopping technique employing multiple transmit antennas was previously proposed for supporting high data rate transmission over fading channels. This scheme achieves higher data rates than some mature schemes, such as the well-known cyclic transmit antenna selection and space-time block coding, by exploiting the independence character of multiple channels, which effectively results in having an additional information transmitting channel. Moreover, maximum likelihood decoding may be performed by simply decoupling the signals conveyed by the different mapping methods. In this paper, we investigate the achievable spectral efficiency of this scheme in the case of having channel estimation errors, with optimum pilot overhead for minimum meansquare error channel estimation, when transmitting over blockfading channels. Our numerical results further substantiate the robustness of the presented scheme, even with imperfect channel state information. ©2010 IEEE.
Information transmission through a noisy quantum channel
Barnum, Howard; Nielsen, M. A.; Schumacher, Benjamin
1998-01-01
Noisy quantum channels may be used in many information carrying applications. We show that different applications may result in different channel capacities. Upper bounds on several of these capacities are proved. These bounds are based on the coherent information, which plays a role in quantum information theory analogous to that played by the mutual information in classical information theory. Many new properties of the coherent information and entanglement fidelity are proved. Two non-clas...
Interference Channels with Correlated Receiver Side Information
Liu, Nan; Goldsmith, Andrea J; Poor, H Vincent
2008-01-01
The problem of joint source-channel coding in transmitting independent sources over interference channels with correlated receiver side information is studied. When each receiver has side information correlated with its own desired source, it is shown that source-channel code separation is optimal. When each receiver has side information correlated with the interfering source, sufficient conditions for reliable transmission are provided based on a joint source-channel coding scheme using the superposition encoding and partial decoding idea of Han and Kobayashi. When the receiver side information is a deterministic function of the interfering source, source-channel code separation is again shown to be optimal. As a special case, for a class of Z-interference channels, when the side information of the receiver facing interference is a deterministic function of the interfering source, necessary and sufficient conditions for reliable transmission are provided in the form of single letter expressions. As a byprodu...
Gaussian matrix product states for coding in bosonic communication channels
Schäfer, Joachim; Cerf, Nicolas J
2012-01-01
The communication capacity of Gaussian bosonic channels with memory has recently attracted much interest. Here, we investigate a method to prepare the multimode entangled input symbol states for encoding classical information into these channels. In particular, we study the usefulness of a Gaussian matrix product state (GMPS) [G. Adesso and M. Ericsson, Phys. Rev. A 74, 030305 (2006)] as an input symbol state, which can be sequentially generated although it remains heavily entangled for an arbitrary number of modes. We show that the GMPS can achieve more than 99.9% of the Gaussian capacity for Gaussian bosonic memory channels with a Markovian or non-Markovian correlated noise model in a large range of noise correlation strengths. Furthermore, we present a noise class for which the GMPS is the exact optimal input symbol state of the corresponding channel. Since GMPS are ground states of particular quadratic Hamiltonians, our results suggest a possible link between the theory of quantum communication channels a...
Quantum state majorization at the output of bosonic Gaussian channels.
Mari, A; Giovannetti, V; Holevo, A S
2014-01-01
Quantum communication theory explores the implications of quantum mechanics to the tasks of information transmission. Many physical channels can be formally described as quantum Gaussian operations acting on bosonic quantum states. Depending on the input state and on the quality of the channel, the output suffers certain amount of noise. For a long time it has been conjectured, but never proved, that output states of Gaussian channels corresponding to coherent input signals are the less noisy ones (in the sense of a majorization criterion). Here we prove this conjecture. Specifically we show that every output state of a phase-insensitive Gaussian channel is majorized by the output state corresponding to a coherent input. The proof is based on the optimality of coherent states for the minimization of strictly concave output functionals. Moreover we show that coherent states are the unique optimizers. PMID:24806909
Transfer of Gravitational Information through a Quantum Channel
Zhang, Baocheng; Zhan, Ming-sheng
2013-01-01
Gravitational information is incorporated into an atomic state by correlation of the internal and external degrees of freedom of the atom, in the present study of the atomic interferometer. Thus it is difficult to transfer information by using a standard teleportation scheme. In this paper, we propose a novel scheme for the transfer of gravitational information through a quantum channel provided by the entangled atomic state. Significantly, the existence of a quantum channel suppresses phase noise, improving the sensitivity of the atomic interferometer. Thus our proposal provides novel readout mechanism for the interferometer with an improved signal-to-noise ratio.
Additivity of Entangled Channel Capacity for Quantum Input States
Belavkin, V.P.; Dai, X.
2007-01-01
An elementary introduction into algebraic approach to unified quantum information theory and operational approach to quantum entanglement as generalized encoding is given. After introducing compound quantum state and two types of informational divergences, namely, Araki-Umegaki (a-type) and of Belavkin-Staszewski (b-type) quantum relative entropic information, this paper treats two types of quantum mutual information via entanglement and defines two types of corresponding quantum channel capa...
Some New Results on the Wiretap Channel with Side Information
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuan Luo
2012-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the model of wiretap channel has been reconsidered for the case that the main channel is controlled by channel state information (side information, and it is available at the transmitter in a noncausal manner (termed here noncausal side information or causal manner (termed here causal side information. Inner and outer bounds are derived on the capacity-equivocation regions for the noncausal and causal manners, and the secrecy capacities for both manners are described and bounded, which provide the best transmission rate with perfect secrecy. Moreover, for the case that the side information is available at the transmitter in a memoryless manner (termed here memoryless side information, both the capacity-equivocation region and the secrecy capacity are determined. The results of this paper extend the previous work on wiretap channel with noncausal side information by providing an outer bound on the capacity-equivocation region. In addition, we find that the memoryless side information can not help to obtain the same secrecy capacity as that of the causal case, and this is different from the well known fact that the memoryless manner can achieve the capacity of the channel with causal side information.
Mesoscopic one-way channels for quantum state transfer via the Quantum Hall Effect
Stace, T. M.; Barnes, C. H. W.; Milburn, G. J.
2004-01-01
We show that the one-way channel formalism of quantum optics has a physical realisation in electronic systems. In particular, we show that magnetic edge states form unidirectional quantum channels capable of coherently transporting electronic quantum information. Using the equivalence between one-way photonic channels and magnetic edge states, we adapt a proposal for quantum state transfer to mesoscopic systems using edge states as a quantum channel, and show that it is feasible with reasonab...
Omni-channel Retail Information Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tambo, Torben
2014-01-01
and definition of omni-channel retail information systems (OCRIS) by using the information systems research tradition as a distinctive starting point (Treiblmaier and Strebinger, 2008; Avgerou, 2001; Parboteah et al., 2009). Omni-channel retailing has evolved since 2010 with the ultimate aim of aligning physical...... systems have been introduced to be able to cope with the challenges of OCRIS. However, as a business strategy, it is still evolving and not many of the actual implementations have been able to fully realise the vision....
On the Capacity of Compound State-Dependent Channels with States Known at the Transmitter
Piantanida, Pablo
2010-01-01
This paper investigates the capacity of compound state-dependent channels with non-causal state information available at only the transmitter. A new lower bound on the capacity of this class of channels is derived. This bound is shown to be tight for the special case of compound channels with stochastic degraded components, yielding the full characterization of the capacity. Specific results are derived for the compound Gaussian Dirty-Paper (GDP) channel. This model consists of an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel corrupted by an additive Gaussian interfering signal, known at the transmitter only, where the input and the state signals are affected by fading coefficients whose realizations are unknown at the transmitter. Our bounds are shown to be tight for specific cases. Applications of these results arise in a variety of wireless scenarios as multicast channels, cognitive radio and problems with interference cancellation.
Probabilistic Teleportation via Quantum Channel with Partial Information
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Desheng Liu
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Two novel schemes are proposed to teleport an unknown two-level quantum state probabilistically when the sender and the receiver only have partial information about the quantum channel, respectively. This is distinct from the fact that either the sender or the receiver has entire information about the quantum channel in previous schemes for probabilistic teleportation. Theoretical analysis proves that these schemes are straightforward, efficient and cost-saving. The concrete realization procedures of our schemes are presented in detail, and the result shows that our proposals could extend the application range of probabilistic teleportation.
Radio Channel State Prediction by Kalman Filter
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Peter Ziacik
2005-01-01
Full Text Available In this article there is the description Kalman filter using as a radio channel state predictor. Simulator of prediction has been created in MATLAB environment and it is capable to simulate the prediction of radio signal envelope by Clark’s model of radio channel, which is implemented to the simulator. Simulations were realized for prediction range 0.41 ms and 6.24 ms and as comparing criterion we used the prediction error. It is clear from simulations, that with the duration of prediction the prediction error is enlarging, which may cause the erroneous decision of adaptation algorithms.
Transfer information remotely via noise entangled coherent channels
Allati, A El; Hassouni, Y
2010-01-01
In this contribution, a generalized protocol of quantum teleportation is suggested to investigate the possibility of remotely transfer unknown multiparities entangled coherent state. A theoretical technique is introduced to generate maximum entangled coherent states which are used as quantum channels. We show that the mean photon number plays a central role on the fidelity of the transferred information. The noise parameter can be considered as a control parameter only for small values of the mean photon number.
Quantum systems, channels, information. A mathematical introduction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holevo, Alexander S.
2012-07-01
The subject of this book is theory of quantum system presented from information science perspective. The central role is played by the concept of quantum channel and its entropic and information characteristics. Quantum information theory gives a key to understanding elusive phenomena of quantum world and provides a background for development of experimental techniques that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems. This is important for the new efficient applications such as quantum computing, communication and cryptography. Research in the field of quantum informatics, including quantum information theory, is in progress in leading scientific centers throughout the world. This book gives an accessible, albeit mathematically rigorous and self-contained introduction to quantum information theory, starting from primary structures and leading to fundamental results and to exiting open problems.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Paul Gough
2008-07-01
Full Text Available LandauerÃ¢Â€Â™s principle is applied to information in the universe. Once stars began forming there was a constant information energy density as the increasing proportion of matter at high stellar temperatures exactly compensated for the expanding universe. The information equation of state was close to the dark energy value, w = -1, for a wide range of redshifts, 10 > z > 0.8, over one half of cosmic time. A reasonable universe information bit content of only 1087 bits is sufficient for information energy to account for all dark energy. A time varying equation of state with a direct link between dark energy and matter, and linked to star formation in particular, is clearly relevant to the cosmic coincidence problem. In answering the Ã¢Â€Â˜Why now?Ã¢Â€Â™ question we wonder Ã¢Â€Â˜What next?Ã¢Â€Â™ as we expect the information equation of state to tend towards w = 0 in the future.c
Distributed Joint Source-Channel Coding on a Multiple Access Channel with Side Information
Rajesh, R
2008-01-01
We consider the problem of transmission of several distributed sources over a multiple access channel (MAC) with side information at the sources and the decoder. Source-channel separation does not hold for this channel. Sufficient conditions are provided for transmission of sources with a given distortion. The source and/or the channel could have continuous alphabets (thus Gaussian sources and Gaussian MACs are special cases). Various previous results are obtained as special cases. We also provide several good joint source-channel coding schemes for a discrete/continuous source and discrete/continuous alphabet channel. Channels with feedback and fading are also considered. Keywords: Multiple access channel, side information, lossy joint source-channel coding, channels with feedback, fading channels.
AWGN Channel under Time-Varying Amplitude Constraints with Causal Information at the Transmitter
Ozel, Omur
2011-01-01
We consider the classical AWGN channel where the channel input is constrained to an amplitude constraint that stochastically varies at each channel use, independent of the message. This is an abstraction of an energy harvesting transmitter where the code symbol energy at each channel use is determined by an exogenous energy arrival process and there is no battery for energy storage. At each channel use, an independent realization of the amplitude constraint process is observed by the transmitter causally. This scenario is a state-dependent channel with perfect causal state information at the transmitter. We derive the capacity of this channel using Shannon's coding scheme with causal state information. We prove that the code symbols must be selected from a finite set in the capacity achieving scheme, as in the case of Smith. We numerically study the binary on-off energy arrivals where the amplitude constraint is either zero or a non-zero constant.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Zhen-shan; XU Guo-zhi
2007-01-01
In real multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, the perfect channel state information (CSI) may be costly or impossible to acquire. But the channel statistical information can be considered relatively stationary during long-term transmission.The statistical information can be obtained at the receiver and fed back to the transmitter and do not require frequent update. By exploiting channel mean and covariance information at the transmitter simultaneously, this paper investigates the optimal transmission strategy for spatially correlated MIMO channels. An upper bound of ergodic capacity is derived and taken as the performance criterion. Simulation results are also given to show the performance improvement of the optimal transmission strategy.
[Synopsis about the hypothesis of "information channel" of channel-collateral system].
Chang, Xi-Lang
2008-10-01
The author of the present paper founded a theorem about the "incompleteness of single channel structure" (nerve, blood vessel, lymphatic, interspace, aperture, etc.) through quantitative and qualitative analysis about the economic information channel in the human body, which eliminates the probability of single channel structure in the information channel of channel (meridian)-collateral system. After comprehensive analysis on the current researches, the author puts forward a neodoxy, i.e., the body "information channel" structure of the channel-collateral system, mainly follows the distribution regularity of systemic statistics, and is not a single specific entity; various layers of the information channel in the main stems of the channel-collaterals are composed of optimized structure tissues. Hence, the structure of this information channel of channel-collateral system is an overall-optimized, sequential and compatible systemic structure. From this neodoxy, the author brings forward a working principle of channel-collaterals, which is supported theoretically by bio-auxology. The longitudinal distribution of the main stems of meridian-collaterals is considered to result from that in the process of the animal evolution, in the animals moving forward, the microscopic complicated movement of intracorporeal information and energy molecules is related to the forward macroscopic and non-uniform movement of organism in trans-measure. Its impulse and kinetic momentum forms a main vector in the longitudinal direction of the body (the direction of the main stem of channel-collaterals). In order to adapt to and utilize natural regularities, the main stems of the channel-collaterals gradually differentiate and evolve in the living organism, forming a whole system. The "hypothesis of biological origin of channel-collateral system" and "that of information channel of the channel-collaterals in the body" constitute a relatively complete theoretical system framework. PMID
On The Achievable Rate Region of a New Wiretap Channel With Side Information
Bafghi, Hamid G; Mirmohseni, Mahtab; Aref, M Reza
2012-01-01
A new applicable wiretap channel with separated side information is considered here which consist of a sender, a legitimate receiver and a wiretapper. In the considered scenario, the links from the transmitter to the legitimate receiver and the eavesdropper experience different conditions or channel states. So, the legitimate receiver and the wiretapper listen to the transmitted signal through the channels with different channel states which may have some correlation to each other. It is assumed that the transmitter knows the state of the main channel non-causally and uses this knowledge to encode its message. The state of the wiretap channel is not known anywhere. An achievable equivocation rate region is derived for this model and is compared to the existing works. In some special cases, the results are extended to the Gaussian wiretap channel.
Non-Markovianity and reservoir memory of quantum channels: a quantum information theory perspective
Bylicka, B.; Chruściński, D.; Maniscalco, S.
2014-07-01
Quantum technologies rely on the ability to coherently transfer information encoded in quantum states along quantum channels. Decoherence induced by the environment sets limits on the efficiency of any quantum-enhanced protocol. Generally, the longer a quantum channel is the worse its capacity is. We show that for non-Markovian quantum channels this is not always true: surprisingly the capacity of a longer channel can be greater than of a shorter one. We introduce a general theoretical framework linking non-Markovianity to the capacities of quantum channels and demonstrate how harnessing non-Markovianity may improve the efficiency of quantum information processing and communication.
Bit-padding information guided channel hopping
Yang, Yuli
2011-02-01
In the context of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications, we propose a bit-padding information guided channel hopping (BP-IGCH) scheme which breaks the limitation that the number of transmit antennas has to be a power of two based on the IGCH concept. The proposed scheme prescribes different bit-lengths to be mapped onto the indices of the transmit antennas and then uses padding technique to avoid error propagation. Numerical results and comparisons, on both the capacity and the bit error rate performances, are provided and show the advantage of the proposed scheme. The BP-IGCH scheme not only offers lower complexity to realize the design flexibility, but also achieves better performance. © 2011 IEEE.
Selection models for information channels : Applications in multichannel digital marketing
Winberg, Victor; Eckerdal, Nils
2015-01-01
In all digital marketing efforts, different information channels must be selected and used to reach customers. In this thesis, data describing the interactions that members of the loyalty program of a Nordic airline company have had with three information channels is used to estimate four selection models. These multinomial logistic regression models have the purpose of selecting which channel(s) best suits a given member. The models are evaluated and the one that best fits the given situatio...
Multiaccess Channels with State Known to Some Encoders and Independent Messages
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kotagiri ShivaPrasad
2008-01-01
Full Text Available We consider a state-dependent multiaccess channel (MAC with state noncausally known to some encoders. For simplicity of exposition, we focus on a two-encoder model in which one of the encoders has noncausal access to the channel state. The results can in principle be extended to any number of encoders with a subset of them being informed. We derive an inner bound for the capacity region in the general discrete memoryless case and specialize to a binary noiseless case. In binary noiseless case, we compare the inner bounds with trivial outer bounds obtained by providing the channel state to the decoder. In the case of maximum entropy channel state, we obtain the capacity region for binary noiseless MAC with one informed encoder. For a Gaussian state-dependent MAC with one encoder being informed of the channel state, we present an inner bound by applying a slightly generalized dirty paper coding (GDPC at the informed encoder and a trivial outer bound by providing channel state to the decoder also. In particular, if the channel input is negatively correlated with the channel state in the random coding distribution, then GDPC can be interpreted as partial state cancellation followed by standard dirty paper coding. The uninformed encoders benefit from the state cancellation in terms of achievable rates, however, it seems that GDPC cannot completely eliminate the effect of the channel state on the achievable rate region, in contrast to the case of all encoders being informed. In the case of infinite state variance, we provide an inner bound and also provide a nontrivial outer bound for this case which is better than the trivial outer bound.
Multiaccess Channels with State Known to Some Encoders and Independent Messages
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Nicholas Laneman
2008-05-01
Full Text Available We consider a state-dependent multiaccess channel (MAC with state noncausally known to some encoders. For simplicity of exposition, we focus on a two-encoder model in which one of the encoders has noncausal access to the channel state. The results can in principle be extended to any number of encoders with a subset of them being informed. We derive an inner bound for the capacity region in the general discrete memoryless case and specialize to a binary noiseless case. In binary noiseless case, we compare the inner bounds with trivial outer bounds obtained by providing the channel state to the decoder. In the case of maximum entropy channel state, we obtain the capacity region for binary noiseless MAC with one informed encoder. For a Gaussian state-dependent MAC with one encoder being informed of the channel state, we present an inner bound by applying a slightly generalized dirty paper coding (GDPC at the informed encoder and a trivial outer bound by providing channel state to the decoder also. In particular, if the channel input is negatively correlated with the channel state in the random coding distribution, then GDPC can be interpreted as partial state cancellation followed by standard dirty paper coding. The uninformed encoders benefit from the state cancellation in terms of achievable rates, however, it seems that GDPC cannot completely eliminate the effect of the channel state on the achievable rate region, in contrast to the case of all encoders being informed. In the case of infinite state variance, we provide an inner bound and also provide a nontrivial outer bound for this case which is better than the trivial outer bound.
Gaussian private quantum channel with squeezed coherent states.
Jeong, Kabgyun; Kim, Jaewan; Lee, Su-Yong
2015-01-01
While the objective of conventional quantum key distribution (QKD) is to secretly generate and share the classical bits concealed in the form of maximally mixed quantum states, that of private quantum channel (PQC) is to secretly transmit individual quantum states concealed in the form of maximally mixed states using shared one-time pad and it is called Gaussian private quantum channel (GPQC) when the scheme is in the regime of continuous variables. We propose a GPQC enhanced with squeezed coherent states (GPQCwSC), which is a generalization of GPQC with coherent states only (GPQCo) [Phys. Rev. A 72, 042313 (2005)]. We show that GPQCwSC beats the GPQCo for the upper bound on accessible information. As a subsidiary example, it is shown that the squeezed states take an advantage over the coherent states against a beam splitting attack in a continuous variable QKD. It is also shown that a squeezing operation can be approximated as a superposition of two different displacement operations in the small squeezing regime. PMID:26364893
Optimal Beamforming in Interference Networks with Perfect Local Channel Information
Mochaourab, Rami
2010-01-01
We consider multiuser settings in which systems simultaneously utilize the available communication resources. Since the performance of the systems is usually limited by mutual interference, efficient resource allocation in such scenarios is important. In general, the systems' joint operation is desired to be Pareto optimal. However, designing Pareto optimal resource allocation schemes is known to be difficult. In this work, we assume all transmitters apply multiple antennas and have perfect local channel state information of their own channels to all single-antenna receivers. Each transmitter is associated with a power gain-region which is composed of all jointly achievable power gains at the receivers. We prove that the boundary of the power gain-region is convex and always achieved with single-stream beamforming. Thus, the efficient beamforming vectors that achieve its boundary part in a specific direction are characterized by real-valued parameters between zero and one. According to the network setting and...
Distributed Joint Source-Channel Coding on a Multiple Access Channel with Side Information
R. Rajesh; Sharma, Vinod
2008-01-01
We consider the problem of transmission of several distributed sources over a multiple access channel (MAC) with side information at the sources and the decoder. Source-channel separation does not hold for this channel. Sufficient conditions are provided for transmission of sources with a given distortion. The source and/or the channel could have continuous alphabets (thus Gaussian sources and Gaussian MACs are special cases). Various previous results are obtained as special cases. We also pr...
Research on Cost Information Sharing and Channel Choice in a Dual-Channel Supply Chain
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Huihui Liu
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Many studies examine information sharing in an uncertain demand environment in a supply chain. However there is little literature on cost information sharing in a dual-channel structure consisting of a retail channel and a direct sales channel. Assuming that the retail sale cost and direct sale cost are random variables with a general distribution, the paper investigates the retailer’s choice on cost information sharing in a Bertrand competition model. Based on the equilibrium outcome of information sharing, the manufacturer’s channel choice is discussed in detail. Our paper provides several interesting conclusions. In both single- and dual-channel structures, the retailer has little motivation to share its private cost information which is verified to be valuable for the manufacturer. When the cost correlation between the two channels increases, our analyses show that the manufacturer’s profit improves. However, when channel choice is involved, the value of information could play a different role. The paper finds that a dual-channel structure can benefit the manufacturer only when the cost correlation is sufficiently low. In addition, if the cost correlation is weak, the cost fluctuation will bring out the advantage of a dual-channel structure and adding a new direct channel will help in risk pooling.
Quantum Teleportation through Noisy Channels with Multi-Qubit GHZ States
Espoukeh, Pakhshan; Pedram, Pouria
2014-01-01
We investigate two-party quantum teleportation through noisy channels for multi-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states and find which state loses less quantum information in the process. The dynamics of states is described by the master equation with the noisy channels that lead to the quantum channels to be mixed states. We analytically solve the Lindblad equation for $n$-qubit GHZ states $n\\in\\{4,5,6\\}$ where Lindblad operators correspond to the Pauli matrices and describe the decoh...
Modulated Hawking radiation and a nonviolent channel for information release
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Unitarization of black hole evaporation requires that quantum information escapes a black hole; an important question is to identify the mechanism or channel by which it does so. Accurate counting of black hole states via the Bekenstein–Hawking entropy would indicate this information should be encoded in radiation with average energy flux matching Hawking's. Information can be encoded with no change in net flux via fine-grained modulation of the Hawking radiation. In an approximate effective field theory description, couplings to the stress tensor of the black hole atmosphere that depend on the internal state of the black hole are a promising alternative for inducing such modulation. These can be picturesquely thought of as due to state-dependent metric fluctuations in the vicinity of the horizon. Such couplings offer the prospect of emitting information without extra energy flux, and can be shown to do so at linear order in the couplings, with motivation given for possible extension of this result to higher orders. The potential advantages of such couplings to the stress tensor thus extend beyond their universality, which is helpful in addressing constraints from black hole mining
Modulated Hawking radiation and a nonviolent channel for information release
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Steven B. Giddings
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Unitarization of black hole evaporation requires that quantum information escapes a black hole; an important question is to identify the mechanism or channel by which it does so. Accurate counting of black hole states via the Bekenstein–Hawking entropy would indicate this information should be encoded in radiation with average energy flux matching Hawking's. Information can be encoded with no change in net flux via fine-grained modulation of the Hawking radiation. In an approximate effective field theory description, couplings to the stress tensor of the black hole atmosphere that depend on the internal state of the black hole are a promising alternative for inducing such modulation. These can be picturesquely thought of as due to state-dependent metric fluctuations in the vicinity of the horizon. Such couplings offer the prospect of emitting information without extra energy flux, and can be shown to do so at linear order in the couplings, with motivation given for possible extension of this result to higher orders. The potential advantages of such couplings to the stress tensor thus extend beyond their universality, which is helpful in addressing constraints from black hole mining.
Capacity of very noisy communication channels based on Fisher information
Duan, Fabing; Chapeau-Blondeau, François; Abbott, Derek
2016-06-01
We generalize the asymptotic capacity expression for very noisy communication channels to now include coloured noise. For the practical scenario of a non-optimal receiver, we consider the common case of a correlation receiver. Due to the central limit theorem and the cumulative characteristic of a correlation receiver, we model this channel noise as additive Gaussian noise. Then, the channel capacity proves to be directly related to the Fisher information of the noise distribution and the weak signal energy. The conditions for occurrence of a noise-enhanced capacity effect are discussed, and the capacity difference between this noisy communication channel and other nonlinear channels is clarified.
Deterministic controlled remote state preparation using partially entangled quantum channel
Chen, Na; Quan, Dong Xiao; Yang, Hong; Pei, Chang Xing
2016-04-01
In this paper, we propose a novel scheme for deterministic controlled remote state preparation (CRSP) of arbitrary two-qubit states. Suitably chosen partially entangled state is used as the quantum channel. With proper projective measurements carried out by the sender and controller, the receiver can reconstruct the target state by means of appropriate unitary operation. Unit success probability can be achieved for arbitrary two-qubit states. Different from some previous CRSP schemes utilizing partially entangled channels, auxiliary qubit is not required in our scheme. We also show that the success probability is independent of the parameters of the partially entangled quantum channel.
The Capacity of Quantum Channel with General Signal States
Holevo, A S
1996-01-01
It is shown that the capacity of a classical-quantum channel with arbitrary (possibly mixed) states equals to the maximum of the entropy bound with respect to all apriori distributions. This completes the recent result of Hausladen, Jozsa, Schumacher, Westmoreland and Wooters, who proved the equality for the pure state channel.
Minimum decoherence cat-like states in Gaussian noisy channels
Serafini, A.; De Siena, S.; Illuminati, F.; Paris, M. G. A.
2003-01-01
We address the evolution of cat-like states in general Gaussian noisy channels, by considering superpositions of coherent and squeezed-coherent states coupled to an arbitrarily squeezed bath. The phase space dynamics is solved and decoherence is studied keeping track of the purity of the evolving state. The influence of the choice of the state and channel parameters on purity is discussed and optimal working regimes that minimize the decoherence rate are determined. In particular, we show tha...
Information Sharing and Channel Construction of Supply Chain under Asymmetric Demand Information
Guangdong Wu; Qingshan Kong; Jian-gang Shi; Hamid Reza Karimi; Wei Zhang
2014-01-01
Information sharing and marketing channel building have become an important problem of supply chain management theory and practice. The research of information sharing focused on traditional channel of supply chain between upstream and downstream enterprises; however, the research ignores the behavior of information sharing with potential entrants and composite structure characteristics about traditional marketing channel with the direct channel. This paper uses the model to research the eff...
Nuclear quantum state engineering in ion channeling regime
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Berec Vesna
2015-01-01
Full Text Available A key challenge in quantum state engineering is to identify coherent quantum mechanical systems that can be precisely manipulated and scaled, but at the same time to allow decoupling from unwanted interactions. Such systems, once realized, would represent an efficient tool for characterization of quantum behavior reflected in the properties of matter with prerequisites for meeting dissipation constraints imposed in the nuclear physics as well in the quantum information theory. Using the pure29Si nanocrystal system we present a novel high resolution method for initialization of single electron polarized spin interaction and control of nuclear spin qubits. The presented study fuses field of particle channeling in MeV energy regime with quantum state engineering utilized via entanglement as an essential quantum property. Its aim is to bring focus on new theoretical proposals testing the quantum mechanical models for systems producible at particle accelerator facilities.
Coding for quantum channels with side information at the transmitter
Dupuis, Frédéric
2008-01-01
We consider the problem of coding for quantum channels with side information that is available ahead of time at the transmitter but not at the receiver. We find a single-letter expression for the entanglement-assisted quantum capacity of such channels which closely parallels Gel'fand and Pinsker's solution to the classical version of the same problem. This theorem can also be used to find a lower bound on the unassisted quantum capacity of these channels.
Information transmission and recovery in neural communications channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Biological neural communications channels transport environmental information from sensors through chains of active dynamical neurons to neural centers for decisions and actions to achieve required functions. These kinds of communications channels are able to create information and to transfer information from one time scale to the other because of the intrinsic nonlinear dynamics of the component neurons. We discuss a very simple neural information channel composed of sensory input in the form of a spike train that arrives at a model neuron, then moves through a realistic synapse to a second neuron where the information in the initial sensory signal is read. Our model neurons are four-dimensional generalizations of the Hindmarsh-Rose neuron, and we use a model of chemical synapse derived from first-order kinetics. The four-dimensional model neuron has a rich variety of dynamical behaviors, including periodic bursting, chaotic bursting, continuous spiking, and multistability. We show that, for many of these regimes, the parameters of the chemical synapse can be tuned so that information about the stimulus that is unreadable at the first neuron in the channel can be recovered by the dynamical activity of the synapse and the second neuron. Information creation by nonlinear dynamical systems that allow chaotic oscillations is familiar in their autonomous oscillations. It is associated with the instabilities that lead to positive Lyapunov exponents in their dynamical behavior. Our results indicate how nonlinear neurons acting as input/output systems along a communications channel can recover information apparently ''lost'' in earlier junctions on the channel. Our measure of information transmission is the average mutual information between elements, and because the channel is active and nonlinear, the average mutual information between the sensory source and the final neuron may be greater than the average mutual information at an earlier neuron in the channel. This
A state action frequency approach to throughput maximization over uncertain wireless channels
Jagannathan, Krishna Prasanna; Mannor, Shie; Menache, Ishai; Modiano, Eytan H.
2011-01-01
We consider scheduling over a wireless system, where the channel state information is not available a priori to the scheduler, but can be inferred from the past. Specifically, the wireless system is modeled as a network of parallel queues. We assume that the channel state of each queue evolves stochastically as an ON/OFF Markov chain. The scheduler, which is aware of the queue lengths but is oblivious of the channel states, has to choose one queue at a time for transmission. The scheduler has...
Minimum decoherence cat-like states in Gaussian noisy channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We address the evolution of cat-like states in general Gaussian noisy channels, by considering superpositions of coherent and squeezed coherent states coupled to an arbitrarily squeezed bath. The phase space dynamics is solved and decoherence is studied, keeping track of the purity of the evolving state. The influence of the choice of the state and channel parameters on purity is discussed and optimal working regimes that minimize the decoherence rate are determined. In particular, we show that squeezing the bath to protect a non-squeezed cat state against decoherence is equivalent to orthogonally squeezing the initial cat state while letting the bath be phase insensitive
Minimum decoherence cat-like states in Gaussian noisy channels
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Serafini, A [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E R Caianiello' , Universita di Salerno, INFM UdR Salerno, INFN Sezione Napoli, G C Salerno, Via S Allende, 84081 Baronissi, SA (Italy); De Siena, S [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E R Caianiello' , Universita di Salerno, INFM UdR Salerno, INFN Sezione Napoli, G C Salerno, Via S Allende, 84081 Baronissi, SA (Italy); Illuminati, F [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E R Caianiello' , Universita di Salerno, INFM UdR Salerno, INFN Sezione Napoli, G C Salerno, Via S Allende, 84081 Baronissi, SA (Italy); Paris, M G A [ISIS ' A Sorbelli' , I-41026 Pavullo nel Frignano, MO (Italy)
2004-06-01
We address the evolution of cat-like states in general Gaussian noisy channels, by considering superpositions of coherent and squeezed coherent states coupled to an arbitrarily squeezed bath. The phase space dynamics is solved and decoherence is studied, keeping track of the purity of the evolving state. The influence of the choice of the state and channel parameters on purity is discussed and optimal working regimes that minimize the decoherence rate are determined. In particular, we show that squeezing the bath to protect a non-squeezed cat state against decoherence is equivalent to orthogonally squeezing the initial cat state while letting the bath be phase insensitive.
Minimum decoherence cat-like states in Gaussian noisy channels
Serafini, A; Illuminati, F; Paris, M G A
2004-01-01
We address the evolution of cat-like states in general Gaussian noisy channels, by considering superpositions of coherent and squeezed-coherent states coupled to an arbitrarily squeezed bath. The phase space dynamics is solved and decoherence is studied keeping track of the purity of the evolving state. The influence of the choice of the state and channel parameters on purity is discussed and optimal working regimes that minimize the decoherence rate are determined. In particular, we show that squeezing the bath to protect a non squeezed cat state against decoherence is equivalent to orthogonally squeezing the initial cat state while letting the bath be phase insensitive.
The classical-quantum channel with random state parameters known to the sender
Boche, Holger; Cai, Ning; Nötzel, Janis
2016-05-01
We study an analog of the well-known Gel’fand Pinsker channel which uses quantum states for the transmission of the data. We consider the case where both the sender’s inputs to the channel and the channel states are to be taken from a finite set (the cq-channel with state information at the sender). We distinguish between causal and non-causal channel state information input by the sender. The receiver remains ignorant, throughout. We give a single-letter description of the capacity in the first case. In the second case we present two different regularized expressions for the capacity. It is an astonishing and unexpected result of our work that a simple change from causal to non-causal channel state information by the encoder causes the complexity of a numerical computation of the capacity formula to change from trivial to seemingly difficult. Still, even the non-single letter formula allows one to draw nontrivial conclusions, for example regarding the continuity of the capacity with respect to changes in the system parameters. The direct parts of both coding theorems are based on a special class of positive operator valued measurements (POVMs) which are derived from orthogonal projections onto certain representations of the symmetric groups. This approach supports a reasoning that is inspired by the classical method of types. In combination with the non-commutative union bound these POVMs yield an elegant method of proof for the direct part of the coding theorem in the first case.
Information Technology and Distribution Channels: Current Trends
Temjanovski, Riste; Marjanova Jovanov, Tamara
2016-01-01
The research of this paper is focused on the analysis and presentation of the possibility of application of contemporary information technologies and tools in marketing (distribution) sector. One of the often asked question today is how to best, optimally and with least cost achieve customer satisfaction. Undoubtedly, in the global competitive competency arena, customer satisfaction can have powerful effects. The main focus and strength within organizations and employees is the importance of ...
Information Theory vs. Queueing Theory for Resource Allocation in Multiple Access Channels
ParandehGheibi, Ali; Ozdaglar, Asuman; Eryilmaz, Atilla
2008-01-01
We consider the problem of rate allocation in a fading Gaussian multiple-access channel with fixed transmission powers. The goal is to maximize a general concave utility function of the expected achieved rates of the users. There are different approaches to this problem in the literature. From an information theoretic point of view, rates are allocated only by using the channel state information. The queueing theory approach utilizes the global queue-length information for rate allocation to guarantee throughput optimality as well as maximizing a utility function of the rates. In this work, we make a connection between these two approaches by showing that the information theoretic capacity region of a multiple-access channel and its stability region are equivalent. Moreover, our numerical results show that a simple greedy policy which does not use the queue-length information can outperform queue-length based policies in terms of convergence rate and fairness.
Information transmission and recovery in neural communications channels
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eguia, M. C.; Rabinovich, M. I.; Abarbanel, H. D. I.
2000-11-01
Biological neural communications channels transport environmental information from sensors through chains of active dynamical neurons to neural centers for decisions and actions to achieve required functions. These kinds of communications channels are able to create information and to transfer information from one time scale to the other because of the intrinsic nonlinear dynamics of the component neurons. We discuss a very simple neural information channel composed of sensory input in the form of a spike train that arrives at a model neuron, then moves through a realistic synapse to a second neuron where the information in the initial sensory signal is read. Our model neurons are four-dimensional generalizations of the Hindmarsh-Rose neuron, and we use a model of chemical synapse derived from first-order kinetics. The four-dimensional model neuron has a rich variety of dynamical behaviors, including periodic bursting, chaotic bursting, continuous spiking, and multistability. We show that, for many of these regimes, the parameters of the chemical synapse can be tuned so that information about the stimulus that is unreadable at the first neuron in the channel can be recovered by the dynamical activity of the synapse and the second neuron. Information creation by nonlinear dynamical systems that allow chaotic oscillations is familiar in their autonomous oscillations. It is associated with the instabilities that lead to positive Lyapunov exponents in their dynamical behavior. Our results indicate how nonlinear neurons acting as input/output systems along a communications channel can recover information apparently ''lost'' in earlier junctions on the channel. Our measure of information transmission is the average mutual information between elements, and because the channel is active and nonlinear, the average mutual information between the sensory source and the final neuron may be greater than the average mutual information at an earlier neuron in
Joint Source-Channel Coding Revisited: Information-Spectrum Approach
Han, Te Sun
2007-01-01
Given a general source with countably infinite source alphabet and a general channel with arbitrary abstract channel input/channel output alphabets, we study the joint source-channel coding problem from the information-spectrum point of view. First, we generalize Feinstein's lemma (direct part) and Verdu-Han's lemma (converse part) so as to be applicable to the general joint source-channel coding problem. Based on these lemmas, we establish a sufficient condition as well as a necessary condition for the source to be reliably transmissible over the channel with asymptotically vanishing probability of error. It is shown that our sufficient condition is equivalent to the sufficient condition derived by Vembu, Verdu and Steinberg, whereas our necessary condition is shown to be stronger than or equivalent to the necessary condition derived by them. It turns out, as a direct consequence, that separation principle in a relevantly generalized sense holds for a wide class of sources and channels, as was shown in a qui...
Information Sharing and Channel Construction of Supply Chain under Asymmetric Demand Information
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guangdong Wu
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Information sharing and marketing channel building have become an important problem of supply chain management theory and practice. The research of information sharing focused on traditional channel of supply chain between upstream and downstream enterprises; however, the research ignores the behavior of information sharing with potential entrants and composite structure characteristics about traditional marketing channel with the direct channel. This paper uses the model to research the effects brought about sharing demand information with potential entrants and building marketing channel, which reveals information sharing and channel building mechanism in the supply chain. The study found that the five-force model of Porter regards potential entrants only as a threat that is one-sided. When the channel competitiveness meets certain conditions, manufacturer and retailer will share demand information with potential entrants. Building composite marketing channel is the manufacturer's absolute dominant strategy. Channel construction will increase the entry barriers for potential entrants and weaken the effect of double marginalization; meanwhile, the performance of supply chain will be augmented.
On The Performance of Random Block Codes over Finite-State Fading Channels
Hamidi-Sepehr, Fatemeh; Pfister, Henry
2012-01-01
As the mobile application landscape expands, wireless networks are tasked with supporting various connection profiles, including real-time communications and delay-sensitive traffic. Among many ensuing engineering challenges is the need to better understand the fundamental limits of forward error correction in non-asymptotic regimes. This article seeks to characterize the performance of block codes over finite-state channels with memory. In particular, classical results from information theory are revisited in the context of channels with rate transitions, and bounds on the probabilities of decoding failure are derived for random codes. This study offers new insights about the potential impact of channel correlation over time on overall performance.
Xu, D.; Li, Q.
2015-11-01
This paper investigates the capacity of the secondary user (SU) in a cognitive radio (CR) network in Rayleigh fading environments. Different from existing works where perfect channel state information (CSI) or channel distribution information (CDI) of the interference link from the SU to the primary user (PU) is assumed to be available, this paper assumes that only partial CDI is available. Specifically, we assume the distribution parameter is unknown and estimated from a set of channel gain samples. With such partial CDI, closed-form expressions for the ergodic and outage capacities of the SU are obtained under the transmit power and the interference outage constraints. It is shown that the capacity with partial CDI is not degraded compared to that with perfect CDI if the interference outage constraint is loose. It is also shown that the capacity can be significantly improved by increasing the number of channel gain samples.
Effects of noises on joint remote state preparation via a GHZ-class channel
Liang, Hua-Qiu; Liu, Jin-Ming; Feng, Shang-Shen; Chen, Ji-Gen; Xu, Xin-Ye
2015-10-01
Using a GHZ-class state as quantum channel, we investigate the joint remote preparation of a qubit state in Pauli noise environments. By analytically solving the master equation in Lindblad form, we calculate the time evolution of the GHZ-class channel under different noisy conditions and then obtain the fidelity of the joint remote state preparation (JRSP) process and the corresponding average fidelity. We find that the fidelity depends on the noise type, the GHZ-class state, the initial state to be remotely prepared, and the Pauli decoherence rate. We also find that how two senders share the polar angle information of initial state plays an important role in the fidelity, and information sharing reduces the ability to resist the influence of Pauli noises in our JRSP protocol. Furthermore, how the two senders share the phase information affects the intensity of the bit-phase flip noise and the bit flip noise acting on the average fidelity. Besides, the fidelity of our JRSP protocol achieved via the maximally entangled channel is larger than that achieved via the partially entangled channel.
Secure Joint Source-Channel Coding With Side Information
Bagherikaram, Ghadamali
2010-01-01
In this work, the problem of transmitting an i.i.d Gaussian source over an i.i.d Gaussian wiretap channel with an i.i.d Gaussian side information is considered. The intended receiver is assumed to have a certain minimum SNR and the eavesdropper is assumed to have a strictly lower SNR compared to the intended receiver. The objective is minimizing the distortion of source reconstruction at the intended receiver. In this work, it is shown that unlike the Gaussian wiretap channel without side information, Shannon's source-channel separation coding scheme is not optimum in the sense of achieving the minimum distortion. Three hybrid digital-analog secure joint source channel coding schemes are then proposed which achieve the minimum distortion. The first coding scheme is based on Costa's dirty paper coding scheme and wiretap channel coding scheme when the analog source is not explicitly quantized. The second coding scheme is based on the superposition of the secure digital signal and the hybrid digital-analog signa...
State machine operation of the MICE cooling channel
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) is a demonstration experiment to prove the feasibility of cooling a beam of muons for use in a Neutrino Factory and/or Muon Collider. The MICE cooling channel is a section of a modified Study II cooling channel which will provide a 10% reduction in beam emittance. In order to ensure a reliable measurement, MICE will measure the beam emittance before and after the cooling channel at the level of 1%, a relative measurement of 0.001. This renders MICE a precision experiment which requires strict controls and monitoring of all experimental parameters in order to control systematic errors. The MICE Controls and Monitoring system is based on EPICS and integrates with the DAQ, Data monitoring systems, and a configuration database. The cooling channel for MICE has between 12 and 18 superconductnig solenoid coils in 3 to 7 magnets, depending on the staged development of the experiment. The magnets are coaxial and in close proximity which requires coordinated operation of the magnets when ramping, responding to quench conditions, and quench recovery. To reliably manage the operation of the magnets, MICE is implementing state machines for each magnet and an over-arching state machine for the magnets integrated in the cooling channel. The state machine transitions and operating parameters are stored/restored to/from the configuration database and coupled with MICE Run Control. Proper implementation of the state machines will not only ensure safe operation of the magnets, but will help ensure reliable data quality. A description of MICE, details of the state machines, and lessons learned from use of the state machines in recent magnet training tests will be discussed.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈小余; 仇佩亮
2001-01-01
An analytical expression is given to the coherent information of the thermal radiation signal transmitted over the thermal radiation noise channel, one of the most essential quantum Gaussian channels. Focusing on the single normal mode of the thermal radiation signal and noise, we resolve the entangled state density operator, which characterizes quantum information transmission, into a direct product of two parts, with each part being a thermal radiation density operator. The calculation is aided by the technique known as "integral within ordered product of operators".
Cognitive relaying and power allocation under channel state uncertainties
Pandarakkottilil, Ubaidulla
2013-04-01
In this paper, we present robust joint relay precoder designs and transceiver power allocations for a cognitive radio network under imperfect channel state information (CSI). The secondary (or cognitive) network consists of a pair of single-antenna transceiver nodes and a non-regenerative two-way relay with multiple antennas which aids the communication process between the transceiver pair. The secondary nodes share the spectrum with a licensed primary user (PU) while guaranteeing that the interference to the PU receiver is maintained below a specified threshold. We consider two robust designs: the first is based on the minimization of the total transmit power of the secondary relay node required to provide the minimum quality of service, measured in terms of mean-square error (MSE) of the transceiver nodes, and the second is based on the minimization of the sum-MSE of the transceiver nodes. The robust designs are based on worst-case optimization and take into account known parameters of the error in the CSI to render the performance immune to the presence of errors in the CSI. Though the original problem is non-convex, we show that the proposed designs can be reformulated as tractable convex optimization problems that can be solved efficiently. We illustrate the performance of the proposed designs through some selected numerical simulations. © 2013 IEEE.
Quantum States as Ordinary Information
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ken Wharton
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Despite various parallels between quantum states and ordinary information, quantum no-go-theorems have convinced many that there is no realistic framework that might underly quantum theory, no reality that quantum states can represent knowledge about. This paper develops the case that there is a plausible underlying reality: one actual spacetime-based history, although with behavior that appears strange when analyzed dynamically (one time-slice at a time. By using a simple model with no dynamical laws, it becomes evident that this behavior is actually quite natural when analyzed “all-at-once” (as in classical action principles. From this perspective, traditional quantum states would represent incomplete information about possible spacetime histories, conditional on the future measurement geometry. Without dynamical laws imposing additional restrictions, those histories can have a classical probability distribution, where exactly one history can be said to represent an underlying reality.
Lau, KN
1999-01-01
We have evaluated the information theoretical performance of variable rate adaptive channel coding for Rayleigh fading channels. The channel states are detected at the receiver and fed back to the transmitter by means of a noiseless feedback link. Based on the channel state informations, the transmitter can adjust the channel coding scheme accordingly. Coherent channel and arbitrary channel symbols with a fixed average transmitted power constraint are assumed. The channel capacity and the err...
Remote State Preparation via a Non-Maximally Entangled Channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郑亦庄; 顾永建; 郭光灿
2002-01-01
We investigate remote state preparation (RSP) via a non-maximally entangled channel for three cases: a general qubit; a special ensemble of qubits (qubit states on the equator of the Bloch sphere); and an asymptotic limit of N copies ofa general state. The results show that the classical communication cost of RSP for the two latter cases can be less than that of teleportation, but for the first case, in a restricted setting, the classical communication cost is equal to that of teleportation. Whether or not this is the case for a more general setting is still an open question.
State Information in Bayesian Games
Cuff, Paul
2009-01-01
Two-player zero-sum repeated games are well understood. Computing the value of such a game is straightforward. Additionally, if the payoffs are dependent on a random state of the game known to one, both, or neither of the players, the resulting value of the game has been analyzed under the framework of Bayesian games. This investigation considers the optimal performance in a game when a helper is transmitting state information to one of the players. Encoding information for an adversarial setting (game) requires a different result than rate-distortion theory provides. Game theory has accentuated the importance of randomization (mixed strategy), which does not find a significant role in most communication modems and source coding codecs. Higher rates of communication, used in the right way, allow the message to include the necessary random component useful in games.
The widespread use of stream channelization and subsurface tile drainage for removing water from agricultural fields has led to the development of numerous channelized agricultural headwater streams within agricultural watersheds of the Midwestern United States. Channelized agricultural headwater s...
Secret key agreement on wiretap channels with transmitter side information
Khisti, Ashish
2010-01-01
Secret-key agreement protocols over wiretap channels controlled by a state parameter are studied. The entire state sequence is known (non-causally) to the sender but not to the receiver and the eavesdropper. Upper and lower bounds on the secret-key capacity are established both with and without public discussion. The proposed coding scheme involves constructing a codebook to create common reconstruction of the state sequence at the sender and the receiver and another secret-key codebook constructed by random binning. For the special case of Gaussian channels, with no public discussion, - the secret-key generation with dirty paper problem, the gap between our bounds is at-most 1/2 bit and the bounds coincide in the high signal-to-noise ratio and high interference-to-noise ratio regimes. In the presence of public discussion our bounds coincide, yielding the capacity, when then the channels of the receiver and the eavesdropper satisfy an in- dependent noise condition.
Basic functions of telecommunication channel elements for successful information transmission
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Milorad S. Markagić
2011-04-01
Full Text Available The challenge in the field of multimedia telecommunications is an attempt to integrate texts, sound, images and videos coherently and consistently and to ensure simplicity and interactivity of operation. In order to make the proposed multimedia applications acceptable to end-users, the quality of transmission through the network and message presentation should have special attention. The main aims of this paper are the introduction to the communication channel with its basic elements, a detailed description of the information source and the presentation of possible approaches to the analysis of the telecommunication channel. Introduction In the age of mass application of various communication means, end-users of telecommunication channel elements rarely pay attention to the processes taking place in everyday communication and the elements presented in the channel. In order to discuss all the factors that influence the establishment and maintenance of the links, this paper will explain the basic elements of telecommunication channels. Source Every object that generates messages to be transferred to a recipient is called the source of the message. Directors, writers, speakers, books, newspapers, various instruments (thermometer, barometer, ammeter, etc., computers, a man himself - these are all sources of various messages. In relation to facilities that generate messages, there are different sources of messages. All the messages that they generate belong to discrete or continuous modes of messages. Discrete messages can be presented with element sets, where elements can be considered through different values of observed messages. Each text message of arbitrary length, for example, is made of a finite number of elements - symbols (letters, numbers, punctuation marks, from the set of symbols called the alphabet message source. Continuous messages can be presented with an infinite number of sets of elements where elements can have different values of
On state versus channel quantum extension problems: exact results for U ⊗ U ⊗ U symmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We develop a framework which unifies seemingly different extension (or ‘joinability’) problems for bipartite quantum states and channels. This includes known extension problems such as optimal quantum cloning and quantum marginal problems as special instances. Central to our generalization is a variant of the Jamiołkowski isomorphism between bipartite states and linear transformations, which we term the homocorrelation map: in contrast to the better-known Choi isomorphism which emphasizes the preservation of the positivity constraint, use of the Jamiołkowski isomorphism allows one to characterize the preservation of the statistical correlations of bipartite states and quantum channels. The resulting homocorrelation map thus acquires a natural operational interpretation. We define and analyze state-joining, channel-joining, and local-positive-joining problems in three-party settings with collective U⊗U⊗U symmetry, obtaining exact analytical characterizations in low dimensions. We find that bipartite quantum states are limited in the degree to which their measurement outcomes may agree, whereas quantum channels are limited in the degree to which their measurement outcomes may disagree. Loosely speaking, quantum mechanics enforces an upper bound on the strength of positive correlation across two subsystems at a single time, as well as on the strength of negative correlation between the state of a single system across two instants of time. We argue that these general statistical bounds inform the quantum joinability limitations, and show that they are in fact sufficient for the three-party U⊗U⊗U-invariant setting. (paper)
Information-theoretically Secret Key Generation for Fading Wireless Channels
Ye, Chunxuan; Reznik, Alex; Shah, Yogendra; Trappe, Wade; Mandayam, Narayan
2009-01-01
The multipath-rich wireless environment associated with typical wireless usage scenarios is characterized by a fading channel response that is time-varying, location-sensitive, and uniquely shared by a given transmitter-receiver pair. The complexity associated with a richly scattering environment implies that the short-term fading process is inherently hard to predict and best modeled stochastically, with rapid decorrelation properties in space, time and frequency. In this paper, we demonstrate how the channel state between a wireless transmitter and receiver can be used as the basis for building practical secret key generation protocols between two entities. We begin by presenting a scheme based on level crossings of the fading process, which is well-suited for the Rayleigh and Rician fading models associated with a richly scattering environment. Our level crossing algorithm is simple, and incorporates a self-authenticating mechanism to prevent adversarial manipulation of message exchanges during the protoco...
Teleportation of a multiqubit state by an entangled qudit channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郑亦庄; 顾永建; 吴桂初; 郭光灿
2003-01-01
We investigate the problem of teleportation of an M-qubit state by using an entangled qudit pair as a quantum channe; and show that the teleportation of a multiparticle state can correspond to the teleportation of a multidimensional state.We also introduce a quantum-state converter composed of beamspliter arrays,on /off -detectors and coross-Kerr couplers and demonstrate that the stte concersion from an M-qubit to an N-dimensional qudit and vice versa can be implemented with this converter,where N=2M,Based on this ,an experimentallu feasible for the teleportation of an M-qubit via an entangl;ed N-level qudit pair channel is proposed.
States and channels in quantum mechanics without complex numbers
Miszczak, J A
2016-01-01
In the presented note we aim at exploring the possibility of abandoning complex numbers in the representation of quantum states and operations. We demonstrate a simplified version of quantum mechanics in which the states are represented using real numbers only. The main advantage of this approach is that the simulation of the $n$-dimensional quantum system requires $n^2$ real numbers, in contrast to the standard case where $n^4$ real numbers are required. The main disadvantage is the lack of hermicity in the representation of quantum states. Using Mathematica computer algebra system we develop a set of functions for manipulating real-only quantum states. With the help of this tool we study the properties of the introduced representation and the induced representation of quantum channels.
A. Akbulut; T. Adiguzel; YILMAZ, A. E.
2012-01-01
In this study, Particle Swarm Optimization is applied for the estimation of the channel state transition probabilities. Unlike most other studies, where the channel state transition probabilities are assumed to be known and/or constant, in this study, these values are realistically considered to be time-varying parameters, which are unknown to the secondary users of the cognitive radio systems. The results of this study demonstrate the following: without any a priori information about the cha...
Quantum Side Information: Uncertainty Relations, Extractors, Channel Simulations
Berta, Mario Andrea
2013-01-01
In the first part of this thesis, we discuss the algebraic approach to classical and quantum physics and develop information theoretic concepts within this setup. In the second part, we discuss the uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics. The principle states that even if we have full classical information about the state of a quantum system, it is impossible to deterministically predict the outcomes of all possible measurements. In comparison, the perspective of a quantum observer allows ...
Parameter estimation using NOON states over a relativistic quantum channel
Hosler, Dominic; Kok, Pieter
2013-01-01
We study the effect of the acceleration of the observer on a parameter estimation protocol using NOON states. An inertial observer, Alice, prepares a NOON state in Unruh modes of the quantum field, and sends it to an accelerated observer, Rob. We calculate the quantum Fisher information of the state received by Rob. We find the counter-intuitive result that the single rail encoding outperforms the dual rail. The NOON states have an optimal $N$ for the maximum information extractable by Rob, g...
TRIP Database 2.0: A Manually Curated Information Hub for Accessing TRP Channel Interaction Network
Young-Cheul Shin; Soo-Yong Shin; Jung Nyeo Chun; Hyeon Sung Cho; Jin Muk Lim; Hong-Gee Kim; Insuk So; Dongseop Kwon; Ju-Hong Jeon
2012-01-01
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are a family of Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels that play a crucial role in biological and disease processes. To advance TRP channel research, we previously created the TRIP (TRansient receptor potential channel-Interacting Protein) Database, a manually curated database that compiles scattered information on TRP channel protein-protein interactions (PPIs). However, the database needs to be improved for information accessibility and data utilization...
INFORMATION IN THE SYSTEM OF STATE ADMINISTRATION
Kalytych, G.; Litosh, G.
2009-01-01
The article analyses the approaches to the notions of "information", "state administration system", "administrative information". The article considers the importance of of information for the whole state administration system and reveals the criteria which provide the information with administrative status. Special attention is paid to making of administrative decisions on the level of the sate which are based on effective information management.
Decoherence Sensing of Entangled-Coherent-State Channels via Unambiguous Quantum State Filtering
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TONG Zhao-Yang; KUANG Le-Man
2006-01-01
@@ Unambiguous quantum state filtering is applied to evaluation of the decoherence sensing of entangled quantum channels consisting of N-mode entangled coherent states. It is found that quantum entanglement can enhance the performance of decoherence sensing while the increase of the mode numbers in the entangled probe field can slightly improve the sensing performance only in the weak field regime.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate quantum teleportation through dissipative channels and calculate teleportation fidelity as a function of damping rates. It is found that the average fidelity of teleportation and the range of states to be teleported depend on the type and rate of the damping in the channel. Using the fully entangled fraction, we derive two bounds on the damping rates of the channels: one is to beat the classical limit and the second is to guarantee the nonexistence of any other copy with better fidelity. The effect of the initially distributed maximally entangled state on the process is presented; the concurrence and the fully entangled fraction of the shared states are discussed. We intend to show that prior information on the dissipative channel and the range of qubit states to be teleported is helpful for the evaluation of the success of teleportation, where success is defined as surpassing the fidelity limit imposed by the fidelity of the 1-to-2 optimal cloning machine for the specific range of qubits
Efficient Quantum Information Transfer Through a Uniform Channel
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Paola Verrucchi
2011-06-01
Full Text Available Effective quantum-state and entanglement transfer can be obtained by inducing a coherent dynamics in quantum wires with homogeneous intrawire interactions. This goal is accomplished by optimally tuning the coupling between the wire endpoints and the two qubits there attached. A general procedure to determine such value is devised, and scaling laws between the optimal coupling and the length of the wire are found. The procedure is implemented in the case of a wire consisting of a spin-1/2 XY chain: results for the time dependence of the quantities which characterize quantum-state and entanglement transfer are found of extremely good quality also for very long wires. The present approach does not require engineered intrawire interactions nor a specific initial pulse shaping, and can be applied to a vast class of quantum channels.
Transmission of classical and quantum information through a quantum memory channel with damping
D'Arrigo, A; Falci, G
2011-01-01
We consider the transfer of classical and quantum information through a memory amplitude damping channel. Such a quantum channel is modeled as a damped harmonic oscillator, the interaction between the information carriers - a train of qubits - and the oscillator being of the Jaynes-Cummings kind. We prove that this memory channel is forgetful, so that quantum coding theorems hold for its capacities. We analyze entropic quantities relative to two uses of this channel. We show that memory effects improve the channel aptitude to transmit both classical and quantum information, and we investigate the mechanism by which memory acts in changing the channel transmission properties.
Quantum Decoherence Timescales for Ionic Superposition States in Ion Channels
Salari, V; Fazileh, F; Shahbazi, F
2014-01-01
There are many controversial and challenging discussions about quantum effects in microscopic structures in neurons of the human brain. The challenge is mainly because of quick decoherence of quantum states due to hot, wet and noisy environment of the brain which forbids long life coherence for brain processing. Despite these critical discussions, there are only a few number of published papers about numerical aspects of decoherence in neurons. Perhaps the most important issue is offered by Max Tegmark who has calculated decoherence times for the systems of "ions" and "microtubules" in neurons of the brain. In fact, Tegmark did not consider ion channels which are responsible for ions displacement through the membrane and are the building blocks of electrical membrane signals in the nervous system. Here, we would like to re-investigate decoherence times for ionic superposition states by using the data obtained via molecular dynamics simulations. Our main approach is according to what Tegmark has used before. I...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
焦源; 赵玉姝; 高强; 李宪宝
2015-01-01
To enhance the effect of agricultural technology dissemination on farmers,aiming at problem that whether farm-ers can effectively obtain technical information,the paper carries out field survey to explore different farming technology ac-quisition channels by taking differentiation into the main premise.The results show that small -scale farmers tend to choose the way of interpersonal communication for technology acquisition;professionals and large family farms prefer network;co-operative households’access to technologies focuses on internal cooperation.%为提升农业技术传播效果，针对农民能否有效获取技术信息的问题，利用实地问卷调查数据，以农户分化为前提探究不同农业经营主体的技术获知路径。研究结果表明，小规模农户倾向于选择人际传播方式获取技术，专业大户和家庭农场对网络途径较为青睐，合作经营户的技术获取途径集中于合作社内部。
Comment on"Teleportation Protocol of Three-Qubit State Using Four-Qubit Quantum Channels"
Wei, Zhao-Hui; Zha, Xin-Wei; Yu, Yan
2016-06-01
Recently, Choudhury (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 10, 1007 2016), proposed a teleportation protocol of three-qubit state using four-qubit quantum channels.According to their scheme the three-qubit entangled states could be teleported by use of three simultaneous quantum channels of four-qubit cluster states. In this paper,we emphasize that the same three-qubit entangled states can be teleported perfectly by using only one quantum channel of four-qubit cluster states.
Deterministic list codes for state-constrained arbitrarily varying channels
Sarwate, Anand D
2007-01-01
The capacity for the discrete memoryless arbitrarily varying channel (AVC) with cost constraints on the jammer is studied using deterministic list codes under both the maximal and average probability of error criteria. For a cost function $l(\\cdot)$ on the state set and constraint $\\Lambda$ on the jammer, the achievable rates are upper bounded by the random coding capacity $C_r(\\Lambda)$. For maximal error, the rate $R = C_r(\\Lambda) - \\epsilon$ is achievable using list codes with list size $O(\\epsilon^{-1})$. For average error, an integer $\\lsym(\\Lambda)$, called the \\textit{symmetrizability}, is defined. It is shown that any rate below $C_r(\\Lambda)$ is achievable under average error using list codes of list size $L > \\lsym$. An example is given for a class of discrete additive AVCs.
Remote optimal state estimation over communication channels with random delays
Mahmoud, Magdi S.
2014-01-22
This paper considers the optimal estimation of linear systems over unreliable communication channels with random delays. In this work, it is assumed that the system to be estimated is far away from the filter. The observations of the system are capsulized without time stamp and then transmitted to the network node at which the filter is located. The probabilities of time delays are assumed to be known. The event-driven estimation scheme is applied in this paper and the estimate of the states is updated only at each time instant when any measurement arrives. To capture the feature of communication, the system considered is augmented, and the arrived measurements are regarded as the uncertain observations of the augmented system. The corresponding optimal estimation algorithm is proposed and additionally, a numerical simulation represents the performance of this work. © 2014 The authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications. All rights reserved.
Quantum Conditional Mutual Information, Reconstructed States, and State Redistribution.
Brandão, Fernando G S L; Harrow, Aram W; Oppenheim, Jonathan; Strelchuk, Sergii
2015-07-31
We give two strengthenings of an inequality for the quantum conditional mutual information of a tripartite quantum state recently proved by Fawzi and Renner, connecting it with the ability to reconstruct the state from its bipartite reductions. Namely, we show that the conditional mutual information is an upper bound on the regularized relative entropy distance between the quantum state and its reconstructed version. It is also an upper bound for the measured relative entropy distance of the state to its reconstructed version. The main ingredient of the proof is the fact that the conditional mutual information is the optimal quantum communication rate in the task of state redistribution. PMID:26274402
Underlay Cognitive Radio with Full or Partial Channel Quality Information
Yi, Na; Tafazolli, Rahim; 10.1155/2010/105723
2010-01-01
Underlay cognitive radios (UCRs) allow a secondary user to enter a primary user's spectrum through intelligent utilization of multiuser channel quality information (CQI) and sharing of codebook. The aim of this work is to study two-user Gaussian UCR systems by assuming the full or partial knowledge of multiuser CQI. Key contribution of this work is motivated by the fact that the full knowledge of multiuser CQI is not always available. We first establish a location-aided UCR model where the secondary user is assumed to have partial CQI about the secondary-transmitter to primary-receiver link as well as full CQI about the other links. Then, new UCR approaches are proposed and carefully analyzed in terms of the secondary user's achievable rate, denoted by $C_2$, the capacity penalty to primary user, denoted by $\\Delta C_1$, and capacity outage probability. Numerical examples are provided to visually compare the performance of UCRs with full knowledge of multiuser CQI and the proposed approaches with partial know...
Capacities of classical compound quantum wiretap and classical quantum compound wiretap channels
Cai, Minglai; Deppe, Christian
2012-01-01
We determine the capacity of the classical compound quantum wiretapper channel with channel state information at the transmitter. Moreover we derive a lower bound on the capacity of this channel without channel state information and determine the capacity of the classical quantum compound wiretap channel with channel state information at the transmitter.
Modern state of land information system Ukraine
A. Bordyuzha
2013-01-01
The article described the role of cadastral information in land management. The land cadastre information system is the basis for the analysis of the modern state of land use. Land information system in Ukraine has been explored and analyzed. The displaying factors that influence the formation of a land information system. It is proposed to improve the information land system for the sustainable development of agricultural land.
Achievable Information Rates on Linear Interference Channels with Discrete Input
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yankov, Metodi Plamenov; Forchhammer, Søren
2015-01-01
In this paper lower bound on the capacity of multi-dimensional linear interference channels is derived, when the input is taken from a finite size alphabet. The bounds are based on the QR decomposition of the channel matrix, and hold for any input distribution that is independent across dimensions...
Juracek, K.E.
2000-01-01
The stability of the Neosho River channel downstream from John Redmond Dam, in southeast Kansas, was investigated using multiple-date aerial photographs and stream-gage information. Bankfull channel width was used as the primary indicator variable to assess pre- and post-dam channel change. Five six-mile river reaches and four stream gages were used in the analysis. Results indicated that, aside from some localized channel widening, the overall channel change has been minor with little post-dam change in bankfull channel width. The lack of a pronounced postdam channel change may be attributed to a substantial reduction in the magnitude of the post-dam annual peak discharges in combination with the resistance to erosion of the bed and bank materials. Also, the channel may have been overwidened by a series of large floods that predated construction of the dam, including one with an estimated 500-year recurrence interval.
Tourism and information technologies distribution channels: a panorama of the brazilian reality
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Elisete Santos da Silva Zagheni
2011-05-01
Full Text Available Technological evolution has made it possible that the same service may be delivered by means of multiple channels, including in the tourism sector. The present study proposes to present a bibliographic summary of the distribution channels in tourism and the impact of information technologies (IT in these channels. Based on exploratory research, 24 scientific papers were analyzed with the intention of identifying a research structure concerning the channels of Brazilian tourism and IT. We observed that in Brazil, there is a lack of work concerning distribution channels in tourism, highlighting the management of these channels under the view of supply chains. Beyond this, these papers concentrate on two elements of the channels: means of lodging and hospitality, and travel agencies. These elements have used direct channels based on IT in order to support service activities and the commercialization of the tourist product.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
An overview is given of existing CPR design criteria and the methods used in BWR reload analysis to evaluate the impact of channel bow on CPR margins. Potential weaknesses in today's methodologies are discussed. Westinghouse in collaboration with KKL and Axpo - operator and owner of the Leibstadt NPP - has developed an optimized CPR methodology based on a new criterion to protect against dryout during normal operation and with a more rigorous treatment of channel bow. The new steady-state criterion is expressed in terms of an upper limit of 0.01 for the dryout failure probability per year. This is considered a meaningful and appropriate criterion that can be directly related to the probabilistic criteria set-up for the analyses of Anticipated Operation Occurrences (AOOs) and accidents. In the Monte Carlo approach a statistical modeling of channel bow and an accurate evaluation of CPR response functions allow the associated CPR penalties to be included directly in the plant SLMCPR and OLMCPR in a best-estimate manner. In this way, the treatment of channel bow is equivalent to all other uncertainties affecting CPR. Emphasis is put on quantifying the statistical distribution of channel bow throughout the core using measurement data. The optimized CPR methodology has been implemented in the Westinghouse Monte Carlo code, McSLAP. The methodology improves the quality of dryout safety assessments by supplying more valuable information and better control of conservatisms in establishing operational limits for CPR. The methodology is demonstrated with application examples from the introduction at KKL. (authors)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bin Dai
2015-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the general wiretap channel with channel state information (CSI at the transmitter and noiseless feedback is investigated, where the feedback is from the legitimate receiver to the transmitter, and the CSI is available at the transmitter in a causal or noncausal manner. The capacity-equivocation regions are determined for this model in both causal and noncausal cases, and the results are further explained via Gaussian and binary examples. For the Gaussian model, we find that in some particular cases, the noiseless feedback performs better than Chia and El Gamal’s CSI sharing scheme, i.e., the secrecy capacity of this feedback scheme is larger than that of the CSI sharing scheme. For the degraded binary model, we find that the noiseless feedback performs no better than Chia and El Gamal’s CSI sharing scheme. However, if the cross-over probability of the wiretap channel is large enough, we show that the two schemes perform the same.
Information cloning of harmonic oscillator coherent states
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
N D Hari Dass; Pradeep Ganesh
2002-08-01
We show that in the case of unknown harmonic oscillator coherent statesit is possible to achieve what we call perfect information cloning. By this we mean that it is still possible to make arbitrary number of copies of a state which has exactly the same information content as the original unknown coherent state. By making use of this perfect information cloning it would be possible to estimate the original state through measurements and make arbitrary number of copies of the estimator. We deﬁne the notion of a measurement ﬁdelity and calculate it for our case as well as for the Gaussian cloners.
Do State Revenue Forecasters Utilize Available Information
Gentry, William M.
1989-01-01
Tests whether state revenue forecasts incorporate all possible economic and political information. Formally defines the concept of rationality and then tests it on time series data on New Jersey's major revenue sources.
Dynamics of multi-modes maximum entangled coherent state over amplitude damping channel
Allati, A El; Metwally, N
2012-01-01
The dynamics of maximum entangled coherent state travels through an amplitude damping channel is investigated. For small values of the transmissivity rate the travelling state is very fragile to this noise channel, where it suffers from the phase flip error with high probability. The entanglement decays smoothly for larger values of the transmissivity rate and speedily for smaller values of this rate. As the number of modes increases, the travelling state over this noise channel loses its entanglement hastily. The odd and even states vanish at the same value of the field intensity.
Dynamics of a multi-mode maximum entangled coherent state over an amplitude damping channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
A. E1 Allati; Y. Hassouni; N. Metwally
2011-01-01
The dynamics of the maximum entangled coherent state traveling through an amplitude damping channel is investigated.For small values of the transmissivity rate,the traveling state is very fragile to this noise channel,which suffers from the phase flip error with high probability. The entanglement decays smoothly for larger values of the transmissivity rate and speedily for smaller values of this rate.As the number of modes increases,the traveling state over this noise channel quickly loses its entanglement.The odd and even states vanish at the same value of field intensity.
Quantum measurements, Information, and Dual States Representations
S, Mayburov.
2001-01-01
The quantum measurement problem considered for the model of measuring system (MS) consist of measured state S (particle), detector D and information processing device (observer) $O$ interacting with S,D. For 'external' observer $O'$ MS evolution obeys to Schrodinger equation (SE) and $O$ (self)description of MS reconstructed from it in Breuer ansatz. MS irreversible evolution (state collapse) for $O$ can be obtained if the true quantum states manifold has the dual structure $L_T=\\cal {H} \\big...
Local Sequence Information-based Support Vector Machine to Classify Voltage-gated Potassium Channels
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li-Xia LIU; Meng-Long LI; Fu-Yuan TAN; Min-Chun LU; Ke-Long WANG; Yan-Zhi GUO; Zhi-Ning WEN; Lin JIANG
2006-01-01
In our previous work, we developed a computational tool, PreK-ClassK-ClassKv, to predict and classify potassium (K+) channels. For K+ channel prediction (PreK) and classification at family level (ClassK), this method performs well. However, it does not perform so well in classifying voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels (ClassKv). In this paper, a new method based on the local sequence information of Kv channels is introduced to classify Kv channels. Six transmembrane domains of a Kv channel protein are used to define a protein, and the dipeptide composition technique is used to transform an amino acid sequence to a numerical sequence. A Kv channel protein is represented by a vector with 2000 elements, and a support vector machine algorithm is applied to classify Kv channels. This method shows good performance with averages of total accuracy (Acc), sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP); reliability (R) and Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) of 98.0%, 89.9%, 100%, 0.95 and 0.94 respectively. The results indicate that the local sequence information-based method is better than the global sequence information-based method to classify Kv channels.
TRIP database 2.0: a manually curated information hub for accessing TRP channel interaction network.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Young-Cheul Shin
Full Text Available Transient receptor potential (TRP channels are a family of Ca(2+-permeable cation channels that play a crucial role in biological and disease processes. To advance TRP channel research, we previously created the TRIP (TRansient receptor potential channel-Interacting Protein Database, a manually curated database that compiles scattered information on TRP channel protein-protein interactions (PPIs. However, the database needs to be improved for information accessibility and data utilization. Here, we present the TRIP Database 2.0 (http://www.trpchannel.org in which many helpful, user-friendly web interfaces have been developed to facilitate knowledge acquisition and inspire new approaches to studying TRP channel functions: 1 the PPI information found in the supplementary data of referred articles was curated; 2 the PPI summary matrix enables users to intuitively grasp overall PPI information; 3 the search capability has been expanded to retrieve information from 'PubMed' and 'PIE the search' (a specialized search engine for PPI-related articles; and 4 the PPI data are available as sif files for network visualization and analysis using 'Cytoscape'. Therefore, our TRIP Database 2.0 is an information hub that works toward advancing data-driven TRP channel research.
Lewis, Laurie K.
1999-01-01
Examines implementers' use of channels to disseminate information to and solicit input from staff members during planned change. Assesses how communication was differently directed to paid and volunteer staff and the degree to which channel use is predictive of implementers' assessments of success of change efforts. Discusses potential…
Entanglement dynamics of Gaussian continuous states in correlated noisy channels
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Tan Hua-Tang; Xia Hong-Xing; Li Gao-Xiang
2005-01-01
The evolution of the entanglement of an initial two-mode squeezed vacuum (TMSV) in correlated noisy channels is investigated. It is shown that the correlated environment is helpful for preserving the entanglement of the initial TMSV.The entanglement period of the initial TMSV depends on the correlation property of the correlated environment.
Organizing Distribution Channels for Information Goods on the Internet
Rajiv Dewan; Marshall Freimer; Abraham Seidmann
2000-01-01
Rapid technological developments and deregulation of the telecommunications industry have changed the way in which content providers distribute and price their goods and services. Instead of selling a bundle of content and access through proprietary networks, these firms are shifting their distribution channels to the Internet. In this new setting, the content and Internet service providers find themselves in a relationship that is simultaneously cooperative and competitive. We find that prop...
Completion Time in Multi-Access Channel: An Information Theoretic Perspective
Liu, Yuanpeng
2011-01-01
In a multi-access channel, completion time refers to the number of channel uses required for users, each with some given fixed bit pool, to complete the transmission of all their data bits. In this paper, the characterization of the completion time region is based on the concept of constrained rates, where users' rates are defined over possibly different number of channel uses. An information theoretic formulation of completion time is given and the completion time region is then established for two-user Gaussian multi-access channel, which, analogous to capacity region, characterizes all possible trade-offs between users' completion times.
Examining the Relationship Between Flexible Resources and Health Information Channel Selection.
Manierre, Matthew
2016-01-01
This study examines how variations in flexible resources influence where individuals begin their search for health information. Access to flexible resources such as money, power, and knowledge can alter the accessibility of channels for health information, such as doctors, the Internet, and print media. Using the HINTS 3 sample, whether information channel utilization is predicted by the same factors in two groups with distinct levels of access to flexible resources, as approximated by high and low levels of education, is investigated. Differences in access to flexible resources are hypothesized to produce variations in channel utilization in bivariate analyses, as well as changes in coefficient strength and statistical significance in multivariate models. Multinomial logit models were used to assess how a number of variables influence the probability of using a specific information channel first in either flexible resource group. Results suggest that individuals with higher levels of education, a proxy for flexible resources, are more likely to report seeking information from the Internet first, which is consistent with research on the digital divide. It appears that diminished access to flexible resources is also associated with heightened utilization of offline channels, including doctors. A handful of differences in predictors were found between the low and high flexible resource groups when multivariate models were compared. Future research should take into account the distinctions between different offline channels while also seeking to further understand how social inequality relates to the utilization of different channels and corresponding health outcomes. PMID:25616853
Cloud Computing Application of Personal Information's Security in Network Sales-channels
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sun Qiong
2013-07-01
Full Text Available With the promotion of Internet sales, the security of personal information to network users have become increasingly demanding. The existing network of sales channels has personal information security risks, vulnerable to hacker attacking. Taking full advantage of cloud security management strategy, cloud computing security management model is introduced to the network sale of personal information security applications, which is to solve the problem of information leakage. Then we proposed membership-based cloud service provided selection policy. By exploring the prospects of cloud computing in Internet sales, we try to solve the problem of the security of personal information in this channel.
Let It Go and Open Up, an Ensemble of Ion Channel Active States.
Minor, Daniel L
2016-02-11
Ligand binding usually moves the target protein from an ensemble of inactive states to a well-defined active conformation. Matthies et al. flip this scheme around, finding that, for the magnesium channel CorA, loss of ligand binding induces an ensemble of conformations that turn the channel on. PMID:26871624
Dual channel nitrogen laser useful for nanosecond excited state studies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shipman (1967) adapted the Blumlein discharge circuit to lasers and this method has proved highly useful in producing high peak pulses. The authors describe a double Blumlein producing two 250 kW pulses separated by 15 nanosecs. The dual channel nitrogen laser is designed for use in atomic spectroscopy, the first pulse excites the target atoms while the second pumps another laser whose output is used to study the levels. (U.S.)
Information Rates Achievable with Algebraic Codes on Quantum Discrete Memoryless Channels
Hamada, Mitsuru
2002-01-01
The highest information rate at which quantum error-correction schemes work reliably on a channel, which is called the quantum capacity, is proven to be lower bounded by the limit of the quantity termed coherent information maximized over the set of input density operators which are proportional to the projections onto the code spaces of symplectic stabilizer codes. Quantum channels to be considered are those subject to independent errors and modeled as tensor products of copies of a complete...
Tighter Lower Bounds on Mutual Information for Fiber-Optic Channels
Irukulapati, Naga V; Agrell, Erik; Johannisson, Pontus; Wymeersch, Henk
2016-01-01
In fiber-optic communications, evaluation of mutual information (MI) is still an open issue due to the unavailability of an exact and mathematically tractable channel model. Traditionally, lower bounds on MI are computed by approximating the (original) channel with an auxiliary forward channel. In this paper, lower bounds are computed using an auxiliary backward channel, which has not been previously considered in the context of fiber-optic communications. Distributions obtained through two variations of the stochastic digital backpropagation (SDBP) algorithm are used as auxiliary backward channels and these bounds are compared with bounds obtained through the conventional digital backpropagation (DBP). Through simulations, higher information rates were achieved with SDBP compared with DBP, which implies that tighter lower bound on MI can be achieved through SDBP.
A Review on the Needs of Independent Information Channel for Regulatory Body
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Raza, Hamid Saeed [KAIST, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Kwang Sik [KINS, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
2010-05-15
For a regulatory body it is very important to be independent not only in its actions but also in its information gathering channels. It is thus required for an organization to get requisite information for their decision making, as well as to prevail over information asymmetries. For corporate culture, information channels sometimes prove to be extensive enough to rune valuable resources and sometime base delays. The paper will reveal nature of an independent information channel. This review will additionally confer a scenario; a regulatory body may face in case of solely depending upon licensee for its information gathering. Working in the wake of this paper comprises review of allied published materials. It might be more helpful for interested ones to persist this effort by ensuring stakeholder involvement i.e. by making this sensitive topic alive through seminars and working groups
A Review on the Needs of Independent Information Channel for Regulatory Body
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
For a regulatory body it is very important to be independent not only in its actions but also in its information gathering channels. It is thus required for an organization to get requisite information for their decision making, as well as to prevail over information asymmetries. For corporate culture, information channels sometimes prove to be extensive enough to rune valuable resources and sometime base delays. The paper will reveal nature of an independent information channel. This review will additionally confer a scenario; a regulatory body may face in case of solely depending upon licensee for its information gathering. Working in the wake of this paper comprises review of allied published materials. It might be more helpful for interested ones to persist this effort by ensuring stakeholder involvement i.e. by making this sensitive topic alive through seminars and working groups
Quantum ballistic transport by interacting two-electron states in quasi-one-dimensional channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
For quantum ballistic transport of electrons through a short conduction channel, the role of Coulomb interaction may significantly modify the energy levels of two-electron states at low temperatures as the channel becomes wide. In this regime, the Coulomb effect on the two-electron states is calculated and found to lead to four split energy levels, including two anticrossing-level and two crossing-level states. Moreover, due to the interplay of anticrossing and crossing effects, our calculations reveal that the ground two-electron state will switch from one anticrossing state (strong confinement) to a crossing state (intermediate confinement) as the channel width gradually increases and then back to the original anticrossing state (weak confinement) as the channel width becomes larger than a threshold value. This switching behavior leaves a footprint in the ballistic conductance as well as in the diffusion thermoelectric power of electrons. Such a switching is related to the triple spin degeneracy as well as to the Coulomb repulsion in the central region of the channel, which separates two electrons away and pushes them to different channel edges. The conductance reoccurrence region expands from the weak to the intermediate confinement regime with increasing electron density
Quantum ballistic transport by interacting two-electron states in quasi-one-dimensional channels
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Huang, Danhong [Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico 87117 (United States); Center for High Technology Materials, University of New Mexico, 1313 Goddard St SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States); Gumbs, Godfrey [Center for High Technology Materials, University of New Mexico, 1313 Goddard St SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States); Abranyos, Yonatan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Hunter College of the City University of New York, 695 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10065 (United States); Pepper, Michael; Kumar, Sanjeev [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College London, London, WC1E 7JE (United Kingdom); London Centre for Nanotechnology, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom)
2015-11-15
For quantum ballistic transport of electrons through a short conduction channel, the role of Coulomb interaction may significantly modify the energy levels of two-electron states at low temperatures as the channel becomes wide. In this regime, the Coulomb effect on the two-electron states is calculated and found to lead to four split energy levels, including two anticrossing-level and two crossing-level states. Moreover, due to the interplay of anticrossing and crossing effects, our calculations reveal that the ground two-electron state will switch from one anticrossing state (strong confinement) to a crossing state (intermediate confinement) as the channel width gradually increases and then back to the original anticrossing state (weak confinement) as the channel width becomes larger than a threshold value. This switching behavior leaves a footprint in the ballistic conductance as well as in the diffusion thermoelectric power of electrons. Such a switching is related to the triple spin degeneracy as well as to the Coulomb repulsion in the central region of the channel, which separates two electrons away and pushes them to different channel edges. The conductance reoccurrence region expands from the weak to the intermediate confinement regime with increasing electron density.
Determining the cross-channel effects of informational web sites
Teerling, Marije Leonie
2007-01-01
This dissertation investigates the effects of an informational Web site on offline behavior, specifically with regard to customer buying behavior in a “traditional” store. This chapter serves to introduce the literature on informational Web sites (§1.2) and the multichannel environment (§1.3). It also highlights that this dissertation contributes to existing literature by providing insights into (1) the effects of informational Web sites, (2) the sequential process of search and purchase in m...
Quantum channel of continuous variable teleportation and nonclassicality of quantum states
Takeoka, Masahiro; Ban, Masashi; Sasaki, Masahide
2001-01-01
Noisy teleportation of nonclassical quantum states via a two-mode squeezed-vacuum state is studied with the completely positive map and the Glauber-Sudarshan $P$-function. Using the nonclassical depth as a measure of transmission performance, we compare the teleportation scheme with the direct transmission through a noisy channel. The noise model is based on the coupling to the vacuum field. It is shown that the teleportation channel has better transmission performance than the direct transmi...
Deng, Xiaowei; Hao, Shuhong; Tian, Caixing; Su, Xiaolong; Xie, Changde; Peng, Kunchi
2016-02-01
Squeezed state can increase the signal-to-noise ratio in quantum communication and quantum measurement. However, losses and noises existing in real communication channels will reduce or even totally destroy the squeezing. The phenomenon of disappearance of the squeezing will result in the failure of quantum communication. In this letter, we present the experimental demonstrations on the disappearance and revival of the squeezing in quantum communication with squeezed state. The experimental results show that the squeezed light is robust (squeezing never disappears) in a pure lossy but noiseless channel. While in a noisy channel, the excess noise will lead to the disappearance of the squeezing, and the squeezing can be revived by the use of a correlated noisy channel (non-Markovian environment). The channel capacity of quantum communication is increased after the squeezing is revived. The presented results provide useful technical references for quantum communication with squeezed light.
Wang, Dong; Hoehn, Ross D.; Ye, Liu; Kais, Sabre
2016-03-01
We present a strategy for realizing multiparty-controlled remote state preparation (MCRSP) for a family of four-qubit cluster-type states by taking a pair of partial entanglements as the quantum channels. In this scenario, the encoded information is transmitted from the sender to a spatially separated receiver with control of the transmission by multiple parties. Predicated on the collaboration of all participants, the desired state can be faithfully restored at the receiver's location with high success probability by application of additional appropriate local operations and necessary classical communication. Moreover, this proposal for MCRSP can be faithfully achieved with unit total success probability when the quantum channels are distilled to maximally entangled ones.
Wang, Dong; Hoehn, Ross D.; Ye, Liu; Kais, Sabre
2016-07-01
We present a strategy for realizing multiparty-controlled remote state preparation (MCRSP) for a family of four-qubit cluster-type states by taking a pair of partial entanglements as the quantum channels. In this scenario, the encoded information is transmitted from the sender to a spatially separated receiver with control of the transmission by multiple parties. Predicated on the collaboration of all participants, the desired state can be faithfully restored at the receiver's location with high success probability by application of additional appropriate local operations and necessary classical communication. Moreover, this proposal for MCRSP can be faithfully achieved with unit total success probability when the quantum channels are distilled to maximally entangled ones.
Singh, Raju
2011-01-01
The security of bio-metric information - finger print, retina mapping, DNA mapping and some other chemical and biological modified genes related information - transfer through low bandwidth and unreliable or covert channel is challenging task. Therefore, Security of biometric information is essential requirement in this fast developing communication world. Thus, in this paper, we propose efficient and effective mechanism for confidentiality and authentication for biometric information transmitted by using arithmetic encoding representation over low bandwidth and unreliable channel. It enhances the speed of encryption, decryption and authentication process. It uses arithmetic encoding scheme and public key cryptography e.g. modified version of RSA algorithm called RSA-2 algorithm.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Raju Singh
2011-03-01
Full Text Available The security of bio-metric information – finger print, retina mapping, DNA mapping and some otherchemical and biological modified genes related information - transfer through low bandwidth andunreliable or covert channel is challenging task. Therefore, Security of biometric information is essentialrequirement in this fast developing communication world. Thus, in this paper, we propose efficient andeffective mechanism for confidentiality and authentication for biometric information transmitted by usingarithmetic encoding representation over low bandwidth and unreliable channel. It enhances the speed ofencryption, decryption and authentication process. It uses arithmetic encoding scheme and public keycryptography e.g. modified version of RSA algorithm called RSA-2 algorithm.
Fractal states in quantum information processing
Jaeger, Gregg
2007-01-01
The fractal character of some quantum properties has been shown for systems described by continuous variables. Here, a definition of quantum fractal states is given that suits the discrete systems used in quantum information processing, including quantum coding and quantum computing. Several important examples are provided.
State-Dependent Inhibition of Sodium Channels by Local Anesthetics: A 40-Year Evolution.
Wang, G-K; Strichartz, G R
2012-04-01
Knowledge about the mechanism of impulse blockade by local anesthetics has evolved over the past four decades, from the realization that Na(+) channels were inhibited to affect the impulse blockade to an identification of the amino acid residues within the Na(+) channel that bind the local anesthetic molecule. Within this period appreciation has grown of the state-dependent nature of channel inhibition, with rapid binding and unbinding at relatively high affinity to the open state, and weaker binding to the closed resting state. Slow binding of high affinity for the inactivated state accounts for the salutary therapeutic as well as the toxic actions of diverse class I anti-arrhythmic agents, but may have little importance for impulse blockade, which requires concentrations high enough to block the resting state. At the molecular level, residues on the S6 transmembrane segments in three of the homologous domains of the channel appear to contribute to the binding of local anesthetics, with some contribution also from parts of the selectivity filter. Binding to the inactivated state, and perhaps the open state, involves some residues that are not identical to those that bind these drugs in the resting state, suggesting spatial flexibility in the "binding site". Questions remaining include the mechanism that links local anesthetic binding with the inhibition of gating charge movements, and the molecular nature of the theoretical "hydrophobic pathway" that may be critical for determining the recovery rates from blockade of closed channels, and thus account for both therapeutic and cardiotoxic actions. PMID:23710324
Most robust and fragile two-qubit entangled states under depolarizing channels
Pang, Chao-Qian; Jiang, Yue; Liang, Mai-Lin
2012-01-01
In the two-qubit system under the local depolarizing channels, the most robust and the most fragile states for a given concurrence or negativity are derived. For the one-sided channel, with the aid of the evolution equation for entanglement given by Konrad \\emph{et al.} [Nat. Phys. 4, 99 (2008)], the pure states are proved to be the most robust. Based on a generalization of the evolution equation, we classify the ansatz states in our investigation by the amount of robustness, and consequently derive the most fragile states. For the two-sided channel, the pure states are proved to be the most robust for a fixed concurrence, but is the most fragile with a given negativity when the channel is uniform. Under the uniform channel, for a given negativity, the most robust states are the ones with the maximal concurrence, which are also the most fragile states when the concurrence is given in the region of [1/2,1]. When the entanglement approaches zero, the most fragile states for a given negativity become the pure st...
Tripartite information of highly entangled states
Rota, Massimiliano
2015-01-01
Holographic systems require monogamous mutual information for validity of semiclassical geometry. This is encoded by the sign of the tripartite information ($I3$). We investigate the behaviour of $I3$ for all partitionings of systems in states which are highly entangled in a multipartite or bipartite sense. In the case of multipartite entanglement we propose an algorithmic construction that we conjecture can be used to build local maxima of $I3$ for any partitioning. In case of bipartite entanglement we classify the possible values of $I3$ for perfect states and investigate, in some examples, the effect on its sign definiteness due to deformations of the states. Finally we comment on the proposal of using $I3$ as a parameter of scrambling, arguing that in general its average over qubits permutations could be a more sensible measure.
Wang, He; Zhang, Yu Qing; Liu, Xue Feng; Hu, Yu Pu
2016-06-01
We propose a novel quantum dialogue protocol by using the generalized Bell states and entanglement swapping. In the protocol, a sequence of ordered two-qutrit entangled states acts as quantum information channel for exchanging secret messages directly and simultaneously. Besides, a secret key string is shared between the communicants to overcome information leakage. Different from those previous information leakage-resistant quantum dialogue protocols, the particles, composed of one of each pair of entangled states, are transmitted only one time in the proposed protocol. Security analysis shows that our protocol can overcome information leakage and resist several well-known attacks. Moreover, the efficiency of our scheme is acceptable.
Information leakage and steganography: detecting and blocking covert channels
Blasco Alís, Jorge
2012-01-01
This PhD Thesis explores the threat of information theft perpetrated by malicious insiders. As opposite to outsiders, insiders have access to information assets belonging the organization, know the organization infrastructure and more importantly, know the value of the different assets the organization holds. The risk created by malicious insiders have led both the research community and commercial providers to spend efforts on creating mechanisms and solutions to reduce it. However, the lack...
Role of shared information systems in distribution channels
Sánchez Vázquez, José Manuel; Ramírez, Carolina
2006-01-01
Some manufacturers are reluctant to rationally share their Information Systems (ISs) with their dealers. Through a detailed case study analysis, we explore what could impel a manufacturer to overcome its reluctance by analysing its control problems (lack of direction; motivational; and personal limitations). We show that sharing ISs provides benefits derived from the collection of information in both quantity and quality that is in turn utilized by the manufacturer. It ensures that the manufa...
Jiang, Li-Nan; Ma, Jing; Yu, Si-Yuan; Tan, Li-Ying; Ran, Qi-Wen
2015-02-01
The entanglement evolution of the bipartite quantum system which is initially prepared in extended Werner-like state under the influence of independent or collective noisy channels are investigated by solving the master equation in Lindblad form. With the aid of the concurrence, we find that the initial state can preserve more entanglement in certain region when it is transmitted through the collective Pauli σ x or σ y noisy channel than the corresponding independent noisy channel. For the Pauli σ z or the depolarizing channel, however, the collective decoherence can speed up the process of entanglement decay. Meanwhile, we show that the purity of initial state has a great influence on the region which the entanglement can be preserved.
Optimal state estimation over communication channels with random delays
Mahmoud, Magdi S.
2013-04-01
This paper is concerned with the optimal estimation of linear systems over unreliable communication channels with random delays. The measurements are delivered without time stamp, and the probabilities of time delays are assumed to be known. Since the estimation is time-driven, the actual time delays are converted into virtual time delays among the formulation. The receiver of estimation node stores the sum of arrived measurements between two adjacent processing time instants and also counts the number of arrived measurements. The original linear system is modeled as an extended system with uncertain observation to capture the feature of communication, then the optimal estimation algorithm of systems with uncertain observations is proposed. Additionally, a numerical simulation is presented to show the performance of this work. © 2013 The Franklin Institute.
Formal and Informal Communication Channels in Creating Corporate Brand Image and Preference
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ivana First
2011-06-01
Full Text Available This study analyzes the effect that various communication channels have on corporate brand image creation among potential employees. Empirical data was collected by a survey conducted on a sample of 370 graduate students. The results revealed that more than ¾ of potential employees learn about the studied company through informal communication channels. Nevertheless, students of the faculties which organize formal company presentations are much better acquainted with such companies than the students of faculties where no formal presentations are held. Furthermore, within the scope of mono-channeled communication, there is no difference in the manner in which formal and informal channels influence brand knowledge and feelings. On the other hand, multi-channeled communication has a greater influence on both knowledge and feelings than mono-channeled communication. Finally, brand feelings are a stronger factor than brand knowledge in determining brand preference but knowledge also determines feelings. These results have several practical implications. Although informal communication has a wider range of resonance, formal communication is more important and should not be neglected by practitioners. Formal communication is not only able to create positive brand image equally well but it also acts as a trigger for informal communication. Practitioners facing limited resources are further advised to give priority to the communication that creates brand feelings rather than brand knowledge.
Performance bounds and codes design criteria for channel decoding with a-priori information
Abrardo A.
2007-01-01
In this article we focus on the problem of channel decoding in presence of a-priori information. In particular, assuming that the a-priori information reliability is not perfectly estimated at the receiver, we derive a novel analytical framework for evaluating the decoder's performance. It is derived the important result that a "good code", i.e., a code which allows to fully exploit the potential benefit of a-priori information, must associate information sequences with high Hamming weights t...
Cloud Computing Application of Personal Information's Security in Network Sales-channels
Sun Qiong; Min Liu; Shiming Pang
2013-01-01
With the promotion of Internet sales, the security of personal information to network users have become increasingly demanding. The existing network of sales channels has personal information security risks, vulnerable to hacker attacking. Taking full advantage of cloud security management strategy, cloud computing security management model is introduced to the network sale of personal information security applications, which is to solve the problem of information leakage. Then we proposed me...
States and channels in quantum mechanics without complex numbers
Miszczak, J. A.
2016-01-01
In the presented note we aim at exploring the possibility of abandoning complex numbers in the representation of quantum states and operations. We demonstrate a simplified version of quantum mechanics in which the states are represented using real numbers only. The main advantage of this approach is that the simulation of the $n$-dimensional quantum system requires $n^2$ real numbers, in contrast to the standard case where $n^4$ real numbers are required. The main disadvantage is the lack of ...
Competition of information channels in the spreading of innovations
Kocsis, Gergely; Kun, Ferenc
2011-08-01
We study the spreading of information on technological developments in socioeconomic systems where the social contacts of agents are represented by a network of connections. In the model, agents get informed about the existence and advantages of new innovations through advertising activities of producers, which are then followed by an interagent information transfer. Computer simulations revealed that varying the strength of external driving and of interagent coupling, furthermore, the topology of social contacts, the model presents a complex behavior with interesting novel features: On the macrolevel the system exhibits logistic behavior typical for the diffusion of innovations. The time evolution can be described analytically by an integral equation that captures the nucleation and growth of clusters of informed agents. On the microlevel, small clusters are found to be compact with a crossover to fractal structures with increasing size. The distribution of cluster sizes has a power-law behavior with a crossover to a higher exponent when long-range social contacts are present in the system. Based on computer simulations we construct an approximate phase diagram of the model on a regular square lattice of agents.
Derivation of classical capacity of quantum channel for discrete information source
Kato, K; Hirota, O; Kato, Kentaro; Osaki, Masao; Hirota, Osamu
1998-01-01
In this letter, we prove that the classical capacity of quantum channel for $M$ symmetric states is achieved by an uniform distribution on a priori probabilities. We also investigate non-symmetric cases such as a ternary amplitude shift keyed signal set and a 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulated signal set in coherent states.
Formal and Informal Communication Channels in Creating Corporate Brand Image and Preference
Ivana First; Marija Tomić
2011-01-01
This study analyzes the effect that various communication channels have on corporate brand image creation among potential employees. Empirical data was collected by a survey conducted on a sample of 370 graduate students. The results revealed that more than ¾ of potential employees learn about the studied company through informal communication channels. Nevertheless, students of the faculties which organize formal company presentations are much better acquainted with such companies than the s...
Teleportation Protocol Of Three-Qubit State Using Four-Qubit Quantum Channels
Choudhury, Binayak S.; Dhara, Arpan
2016-07-01
In this paper we propose a perfect teleportation protocol for certain class of three-qubit entangled states. The class of states which are teleported, is larger than those considered by Nie et al. (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 50, 2799 46) and Li et al. (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 47). We use cluster states as quantum channels. The paper is in the line of research for quantum mechanically transporting multiparticle entangled states.
Teleportation Protocol Of Three-Qubit State Using Four-Qubit Quantum Channels
Choudhury, Binayak S.; Dhara, Arpan
2016-03-01
In this paper we propose a perfect teleportation protocol for certain class of three-qubit entangled states. The class of states which are teleported, is larger than those considered by Nie et al. (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 50, 2799 46) and Li et al. (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 47). We use cluster states as quantum channels. The paper is in the line of research for quantum mechanically transporting multiparticle entangled states.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Ying; Zhang Jing; Zhang Jun-Xiang; Zhang Tian-Cai
2006-01-01
This paper has investigated quantum teleportation of even and odd coherent states in terms of the EPR entanglement states for continuous variables. It discusses the relationship between the fidelity and the entanglement of EPR states, which is characterized by the degree of squeezing and the gain of classical channels. It shows that the quality of teleporting quantum states also depends on the characteristics of the states themselves. The properties of teleporting even and odd coherent states at different intensities are investigated. The difference of teleporting two such kinds of quantum states are analysed based on the quantum distance function.
Most robust and fragile two-qubit entangled states under depolarizing channels
Pang, Chao-Qian; Zhang, Fu-Lin; Jiang, Yue; Liang, Mai-Lin; Chen, Jing-Ling
2012-01-01
For a two-qubit system under local depolarizing channels, the most robust and most fragile states are derived for a given concurrence or negativity. For the one-sided channel, the pure states are proved to be the most robust ones, with the aid of the evolution equation for entanglement given by Konrad et al. [Nat. Phys. 4, 99 (2008)]. Based on a generalization of the evolution equation for entanglement, we classify the ansatz states in our investigation by the amount of robustness, and conseq...
Quantum Entanglement Channel based on Excited States in a Spin Chain
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张少良; 杜良辉; 郭光灿; 周幸祥; 周正威
2011-01-01
We study the possibility of using a spin chain to construct a quantum entanglement channel that can be used for quantum state transmission in a solid state system.We analyze the spin chain's states under various z-directional magnetic field and spin interactions to determine the entanglement between Alice and Bob's spins.We derive the conditions under which this entanglement can be distilled,and find that a spin chain of arbitrary length can be used as a quantum channel for quantum state transmission when the number of spin flips in the chain is large.%We study the possibility of using a spin chain to construct a quantum entanglement channel that can be used for quantum state transmission in a solid state system. We analyze the spin chain's states under various z-directional magnetic field and spin interactions to determine the entanglement between Alice and Bob's spins. We derive the conditions under which this entanglement can be distilled, and find that a spin chain of arbitrary length can be used as a quantum channel for quantum state transmission when the number of spin Hips in the chain is large.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H.R.Sumathi
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Transmission of information in the form of qubits much faster than the speed of light is the important aspects of quantum information theory. Quantum information processing exploits the quantum nature of information that needs to be stored, encoded, transmit, receive and decode the information in the form of qubits. Bosonic channels appear to be very attractive for the physical implementation of quantum communication. This paper does the study of quantum channels and how best it can be implemented with the existing infrastructure that is the classical communication. Multiple access to the quantum network is the requirement where multiple users want to transmit their quantum information simultaneously without interfering with each others.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We construct a quantum circuit to produce a task-oriented partially entangled state and use it as the quantum channel for controlled joint remote state preparation. Unlike most previous works, where the parameters of the quantum channel are given to the receiver who can accomplish the task only probabilistically by consuming auxiliary resource, operation and measurement, here we give them to the supervisor. Thanks to the knowledge of the task-oriented quantum channel parameters, the supervisor can carry out proper complete projective measurement, which, combined with the feed-forward technique adapted by the preparers, not only much economizes (simplifies) the receiver's resource (operation) but also yields unit total success probability. Notably, such apparent perfection does not depend on the entanglement degree of the shared quantum channel. Our protocol is within the reach of current quantum technologies. - Highlights: • Controlled joint remote state preparation is considered. • Quantum circuit is proposed to produce task-oriented partially entangled channel. • The quantum channel parameter is given to the supervisor (not to the receiver). • Unit success probability without additional resource/operations/measurement. • Perfection is achieved regardless of the shared entanglement degree
Secure Lossy Source-Channel Wiretapping with Side Information at the Receiving Terminals
Villard, Joffrey; Shamai, Shlomo
2011-01-01
The problem of secure lossy source-channel wiretapping with arbitrarily correlated side informations at both receivers is investigated. This scenario consists of an encoder (referred to as Alice) that wishes to compress a source and send it through a noisy channel to a legitimate receiver (referred to as Bob). In this context, Alice must simultaneously satisfy the desired requirements on the distortion level at Bob, and the equivocation rate at the eavesdropper (referred to as Eve). This setting can be seen as a generalization of the conventional problems of secure source coding with side information at the decoders, and the wiretap channel. Inner and outer bounds on the rate-distortion-equivocation region for the case of arbitrary channels and side informations are derived. In some special cases of interest, it is shown that separation holds. By means of an appropriate coding, the presence of any statistical difference among the side informations, the channel noises, and the distortion at Bob can be fully ex...
Quantum Decoherence Timescales for Ionic Superposition States in Ion Channels
Salari, V.; Moradi, N; Fazileh, F.; Shahbazi, F
2014-01-01
There are many controversial and challenging discussions about quantum effects in microscopic structures in neurons of the human brain. The challenge is mainly because of quick decoherence of quantum states due to hot, wet and noisy environment of the brain which forbids long life coherence for brain processing. Despite these critical discussions, there are only a few number of published papers about numerical aspects of decoherence in neurons. Perhaps the most important issue is offered by M...
Single-channel color information security system using LU decomposition in gyrator transform domains
Abuturab, Muhammad Rafiq
2014-07-01
A novel single-channel color information security system based on LU decomposition in gyrator transform domains is proposed. The original color image to be encoded is separated into its red, green and blue channels. They are modulated by corresponding random phase functions and then independently Fourier transformed. The transformed images of red and green channels are multiplied and then inverse Fourier transformed. The resulting image is phase- and amplitude truncated to obtain an encrypted image and an asymmetric decryption key, respectively. The encrypted image is multiplied by transformed image of blue channel and then performed LU decomposition. Finally, L and U parts are individually gyrator transformed at different transformation angles, which can be assigned to two different authorized users. The proposed single-channel encryption system is more compact than conventional three-channel encryption systems. Additionally, the ciphertexts are not color images but they are gray images which have obscure properties. The presented LU form is asymmetric. The two transformation angles of GT, three decryption keys for three channels and one asymmetric decryption key significantly improve the security and robustness of the proposed method. The encryption system can be realized digitally or optically. Numerical simulations demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the suggested algorithms.
State Discrimination with Post-Measurement Information
Ballester, M A; Winter, A; Ballester, Manuel A.; Wehner, Stephanie; Winter, Andreas
2006-01-01
We introduce a new state discrimination problem in which we are given additional information about the state after the measurement, or more generally, after a quantum memory bound applies. In particular, the following special case plays an important role in quantum cryptographic protocols in the bounded storage model: Given a string x encoded in an unknown basis chosen from a set of mutually unbiased bases, you may perform any measurement, but then store at most q qubits of quantum information. Later on, you learn which basis was used. How well can you compute a function f(x) of x, given the initial measurement outcome, the q qubits and the additional basis information? We first show a lower bound on the success probability for any balanced function, and any number of mutually unbiased bases, beating the naive strategy of simply guessing the basis. We then show that for two bases, any Boolean function f(x) can be computed perfectly if you are allowed to store just a single qubit, independent of the number of ...
Innovative methods for the design of miniatured state of the art neutronic channels for future FBR
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Neutron flux in fast reactor varies over 10 decades from shutdown to full power. This is monitored in all states of the reactor by Neutron flux monitoring systems. The system consists of several sets of detectors and instrument channels. For smooth transition from one set of instrument channel to other, interlocks with auto inhibition in safety logic are provided. In the present reactor, Fission counters are placed in control plug under vessel. The signals from these detectors are connected to preamplifiers near to the sensors. The signals from these preamplifiers are again connected to instrument channels in control building local control centres, which generate parameters such as logarithmic power, period, linear power and reactivity signals. Interlocks with auto inhibition are provided in safety logic for smooth transition from one detector-channel to other. With this arrangement, difficulties are faced such as, two sets of detectors are required at two different locations. Three different types of instrument channels are required. In each channel, there is a trade-off between response time and accuracy. Many interlocks with auto inhibitions are to be provided for transition from one system to another. Volume of electronics involved is very high. The pulses are also not periodical. Hence counting techniques do not result in accurate prediction of frequency and intern power. Either the accuracy of counting or the counting time has to be sacrificed. It can also be seen that as the frequency goes up the pulses over lap. Hence estimating the power using pulse counting can't predict the power correctly. In the Campbell method, which is used in the intermediate range also there is a trade-off between the accuracy and response time and linearity could be seen only for 3 decades. Hence the new approach viz. PCA (principle component analysis) is discussed in this paper. PCA is non-parametric method of extracting relevant information from mixed data by reducing a complex
Quantum channel of continuous variable teleportation and nonclassicality of quantum states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Noisy teleportation of nonclassical quantum states via a two-mode squeezed-vacuum state is studied with the completely positive map and the Glauber-Sudarshan P-function. Using the nonclassical depth as a measure of transmission performance, we compare the teleportation scheme with the direct transmission through a noisy channel. The noise model is based on the coupling to the vacuum field. It is shown that the teleportation channel has better transmission performance than the direct transmission channel in a certain region. The bounds for such a region and for obtaining the nonvanished nonclassicality of the teleported quantum states are also discussed. Our model shows a reasonable agreement with the teleportation fidelity observed in the experiment performed by Furusawa et al (1998 Science 282 706). We finally mention the required conditions for transmitting nonclassical features in real experiments
Kim, Dorothy M; Dikiy, Igor; Upadhyay, Vikrant; Posson, David J; Eliezer, David; Nimigean, Crina M
2016-08-01
The process of ion channel gating-opening and closing-involves local and global structural changes in the channel in response to external stimuli. Conformational changes depend on the energetic landscape that underlies the transition between closed and open states, which plays a key role in ion channel gating. For the prokaryotic, pH-gated potassium channel KcsA, closed and open states have been extensively studied using structural and functional methods, but the dynamics within each of these functional states as well as the transition between them is not as well understood. In this study, we used solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to investigate the conformational transitions within specific functional states of KcsA. We incorporated KcsA channels into lipid bicelles and stabilized them into a closed state by using either phosphatidylcholine lipids, known to favor the closed channel, or mutations designed to trap the channel shut by disulfide cross-linking. A distinct state, consistent with an open channel, was uncovered by the addition of cardiolipin lipids. Using selective amino acid labeling at locations within the channel that are known to move during gating, we observed at least two different slowly interconverting conformational states for both closed and open channels. The pH dependence of these conformations and the predictable disruptions to this dependence observed in mutant channels with altered pH sensing highlight the importance of conformational heterogeneity for KcsA gating. PMID:27432996
Channel direction information probing for multi-antenna cognitive radio system
Yuan, Fang; Villardi, Gabriel Porto; Kojima, Fumihide; Yano, Hiroyuki
2015-12-01
This work studies the problem of channel direction information (CDI) probing for multi-antenna cognitive radio system. The CDI of the channel from the secondary transmitter (ST) to primary receiver (PR) is elementary information in designing the beamforming at the ST for mitigating the interference to the PR. However, lacking the explicit cooperation between primary and secondary systems, the CDI has to be acquired by probing at the ST, which is challenging. To solve this, we consider the line of sight (LoS) channel between the ST and the PR, and propose one CDI probing scheme for the ST. Specifically, the ST sends two types of probing signals by beamforming towards an interested region where both the secondary receiver (SR) and the PR are located and then actively learns the hidden feedback information from the primary system to acquire the CDI. The proposed scheme has a closed-form solution, and avoids the iteration between the probing and acquisition, which is desirable for practical system. Moreover, we show that the proposed probing scheme can be extended for primary systems working under multi-access channel and broadcasting channel. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can improve the accuracy of the acquired CDI at the ST in cognitive ratio system remarkably.
Quantum decoherence time scales for ionic superposition states in ion channels
Salari, V.; Moradi, N.; Sajadi, M.; Fazileh, F.; Shahbazi, F.
2015-03-01
There are many controversial and challenging discussions about quantum effects in microscopic structures in neurons of the brain and their role in cognitive processing. In this paper, we focus on a small, nanoscale part of ion channels which is called the "selectivity filter" and plays a key role in the operation of an ion channel. Our results for superposition states of potassium ions indicate that decoherence times are of the order of picoseconds. This decoherence time is not long enough for cognitive processing in the brain, however, it may be adequate for quantum superposition states of ions in the filter to leave their quantum traces on the selectivity filter and action potentials.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Security of a continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol based on noisy coherent states and channel is analysed. Assuming that the noise of coherent states is induced by Fred, a neutral party relative to others, we prove that the prepare-and-measurement scheme (P and M) and entanglement-based scheme (E-B) are equivalent. Then, we show that this protocol is secure against Gaussian collective attacks even if the channel is lossy and noisy, and, further, a lower bound to the secure key rate is derived.
Boer, van den Yvon; Pieterson, Willem; Dijk, van Jan; Arendsen, Rex
2016-01-01
With the rise of electronic channels it has become easier for businesses to consult various types of information sources in information-seeking processes. Governments are urged to rethink their role as reliable information source and the roles of their (electronic) service channels to provide effici
Yilmaz, Ferkan
2011-11-01
In this paper, in contrast to the relay selection protocols available in the literature, we propose a partial relay selection protocol utilizing only the shadowing side information of the relays instead of their full channel side information in order to select a relay in a dual-hop relaying system through the available limited feedback channels and power budget. We then presented an exact unified performance expression combining the average bit error probability, ergodic capacity, and moments-generating function of the proposed partial relay selection over generalized fading channels. Referring to the unified performance expression introduced in [1], we explicitly offer a generic unified performance expression that can be easily calculated and that is applicable to a wide variety of fading scenarios. Finally, as an illustration of the mathematical formalism, some numerical and simulation results are generated for an extended generalized-K fading environment, and these numerical and simulation results are shown to be in perfect agreement. © 2011 IEEE.
Joint Source Channel Coding with Side Information Using Hybrid Digital Analog Codes
Wilson, Makesh Pravin; Caire, Giuseppe
2008-01-01
We study the joint source channel coding problem of transmitting an analog source over a Gaussian channel in two cases - (i) the presence of interference known only to the transmitter and (ii) in the presence of side information known only to the receiver. We introduce hybrid digital analog forms of the Costa and Wyner-Ziv coding schemes. Our schemes are based on random coding arguments and are different from the nested lattice schemes by Kochman and Zamir that use dithered quantization. We also discuss superimposed digital and analog schemes for the above problems which show that there are infinitely many schemes for achieving the optimal distortion for these problems. This provides an extension of the schemes by Bross et al to the interference/side information case. We then discuss applications of the hybrid digital analog schemes for transmitting under a channel signal-to-noise ratio mismatch and for broadcasting a Gaussian source with bandwidth compression.
Verma, Vikram; Prakash, Hari
2016-04-01
We explicitly present precise and simple protocols for standard quantum teleportation and controlled quantum teleportation of an arbitrary N-qubit information state and analyse the case of perfect teleportation using general quantum channels and measurement bases. We find condition on resource quantum channel and Bell states for achieving perfect quantum teleportation. We also find the unitary transformation required to be done by Bob for perfect quantum teleportation and discuss the connection with others related works. We also discuss how perfect controlled quantum teleportation demands a correct choice of the measurement basis of additional party.
Thapliyal, Kishore; Verma, Amit; Pathak, Anirban
2015-12-01
Recently, a large number of protocols for bidirectional controlled state teleportation (BCST) have been proposed using n-qubit entangled states (nin {5,6,7}) as quantum channel. Here, we propose a general method of selecting multiqubit (n>4) quantum channels suitable for BCST and show that all the channels used in the existing protocols of BCST can be obtained using the proposed method. Further, it is shown that the quantum channels used in the existing protocols of BCST form only a negligibly small subset of the set of all the quantum channels that can be constructed using the proposed method to implement BCST. It is also noted that all these quantum channels are also suitable for controlled bidirectional remote state preparation. Following the same logic, methods for selecting quantum channels for other controlled quantum communication tasks, such as controlled bidirectional joint remote state preparation and controlled quantum dialogue, are also provided.
Teleportation of n-Particle State via n Pairs of EPR Channels
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CAO Min; ZHU Shi-Qun; FANG Jian-Xing
2004-01-01
The teleportation of an arbitrary n-particle state (n ≥ 1) is proposed if n pairs of identical EPR states are utilized as quantum channels. Independent Bell state measurements are performed for joint measurement. By using a special Latin square of order 2n(n ≥ 1), explicit expressions of outcomes after the Bell state measurements by Alice (sender) and the corresponding unitary transformations by Bob (receiver) can be derived. It is shown that the teleportation of n-particle state can be implemented by a series of single-qubit teleportation.
Information leakage via side channels in freespace BB84 quantum cryptography
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
While the BB84 protocol is in principle secure, real implementations suffer from imperfections. Here, we analyse a free space BB84 transmitter, operating with polarization encoded attenuated pulses. We report on measurements of all degrees of freedom of the transmitted photons in order to estimate potential side channels of the state preparation at Alice.
On the Joint Decoding of LDPC Codes and Finite-State Channels via Linear Programming
Kim, Byung-Hak
2010-01-01
In this paper, the linear programming (LP) decoder for binary linear codes, introduced by Feldman, et al. is extended to joint-decoding of binary-input finite-state channels. In particular, we provide a rigorous definition of LP joint-decoding pseudo-codewords (JD-PCWs) that enables evaluation of the pairwise error probability between codewords and JD-PCWs. This leads naturally to a provable upper bound on decoder failure probability. If the channel is a finite-state intersymbol interference channel, then the LP joint decoder also has the maximum-likelihood (ML) certificate property and all integer valued solutions are codewords. In this case, the performance loss relative to ML decoding can be explained completely by fractional valued JD-PCWs.
IonWorks Barracuda Assay for Assessment of State-Dependent Sodium Channel Modulators.
Cerne, Rok; Wakulchik, Mark; Krambis, Michael J; Burris, Kevin D; Priest, Birgit T
2016-03-01
Voltage-gated sodium channels represent important drug targets. The implementation of higher throughput electrophysiology assays is necessary to characterize the interaction of test compounds with several conformational states of the channel, but has presented significant challenges. We describe a novel high throughput approach to assess the effects of test agents on voltage-gated sodium currents. The multiple protocol mode of the automated electrophysiology instrument IonWorks Barracuda was used to control the level of inactivation and monitor current stability. Good temporal stability of currents and spatial uniformity of inactivation were obtained by optimizing the experimental conditions. The resulting assay allowed for robust assessment of state-dependent effects of test agents and enabled direct comparison of compound potency across several sodium channel subtypes at equivalent levels of inactivation. PMID:26844665
Extracellular potassium inhibits Kv7.1 potassium channels by stabilizing an inactivated state
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Anders Peter; Steffensen, Annette Buur; Grunnet, Morten; Olesen, Søren-Peter
2011-01-01
Kv7.1 (KCNQ1) channels are regulators of several physiological processes including vasodilatation, repolarization of cardiomyocytes, and control of secretory processes. A number of Kv7.1 pore mutants are sensitive to extracellular potassium. We hypothesized that extracellular potassium also...... modulates wild-type Kv7.1 channels. The Kv7.1 currents were measured in Xenopus laevis oocytes at different concentrations of extracellular potassium (1-50 mM). As extracellular potassium was elevated, Kv7.1 currents were reduced significantly more than expected from theoretical calculations based on the...... Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz flux equation. Potassium inhibited the steady-state current with an IC(50) of 6.0 ± 0.2 mM. Analysis of tail-currents showed that potassium increased the fraction of channels in the inactivated state. Similarly, the recovery from inactivation was slowed by potassium, suggesting that...
Deterministic Teleportation of Multi-qudit States in a Network via Various Probabilistic Channels
Zhang, Ti-Hang; Jiang, Min; Huang, Xu; Wan, Min
2014-04-01
In this paper, we present a generalized approach to faithfully teleport an unknown state of a multi-qudit system involving multi spatially remote agents via various probabilistic channels. In a quantum teleportation network, there are generally multi spatially remote relay agents between a sender and a distant receiver. With the assistance of the relay agents, it is possible to directly construct a deterministic channel between the sender and the distant receiver. In our scheme, different from previous probabilistic teleportation protocols, the integrity of the unknown multi-qudit state could be maintained even when the construction of faithful channel fails. Our results also show that the required auxiliary particle resources, local operations and classical communications are considerably reduced for the present purpose.
Jiang, Min; Li, Hui; Zhang, Zeng-ke; Zeng, Jia
2011-02-01
We present an approach to faithfully teleport an unknown quantum state of entangled particles in a multi-particle system involving multi spatially remote agents via probabilistic channels. In our scheme, the integrity of an entangled multi-particle state can be maintained even when the construction of a faithful channel fails. Furthermore, in a quantum teleportation network, there are generally multi spatially remote agents which play the role of relay nodes between a sender and a distant receiver. Hence, we propose two schemes for directly and indirectly constructing a faithful channel between the sender and the distant receiver with the assistance of relay agents, respectively. Our results show that the required auxiliary particle resources, local operations and classical communications are considerably reduced for the present purpose.
Modeling of steady-state flow in heated (BWR) parallel channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The FIBWR computer code has been developed to predict the distributions of quality and void fraction in Boiling Water Reactors. This study describes the analytical methodology used to solve the conservation equations of continuity, momentum and energy in steady-state, heated, parallel channel, two-phase flow. 11 refs
Microscope-on-Chip Using Micro-Channel and Solid State Image Sensors
Wang, Yu
2000-01-01
Recently, Jet Propulsion Laboratory has invented and developed a miniature optical microscope, microscope-on-chip using micro-channel and solid state image sensors. It is lightweight, low-power, fast speed instrument, it has no image lens, does not need focus adjustment, and the total mass is less than 100g. A prototype has been built and demonstrated at JPL.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Bai Juan; Guo Qi; Cheng Liu-Yong; Shao Xiao-Qiang; Wang Hong-Fu; Zhang Shou; Yeon Kyu-Hwang
2011-01-01
We propose a protocol to implement the nonlocal Bell-state measurement,which is nearly determinate with the help of weak cross-Kerr nonlinearities and quantum non-destructive photon number resolving detection.Based on the nonlocal Bell-state measurement,we implement the quantum information transfer from one place to another.The process is different from conventional teleportation but can be regarded as a novel form of teleportation without entangled channel and classic communication.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wang Qiong; Li Ji-Xin; Zeng Hao-Sheng
2009-01-01
This paper investigates the change of entanglement for transmitting an arbitrarily entangled two-qubit pure state via one of three typical kinds of noisy quantum channels:amplitude damping quantum channel,phase damping quantum channel and depolarizing quantum channel.It finds,in all these three cases,that the output distant entanglement(measured by concurrence)reduces proportionately with respect to its initial amount,and the decaying ratio is determined only by the noisy characteristics of quantum channels and independent of the form of initial input state.
Huang, Huang
2009-01-01
In this paper, we consider the delay-sensitive power and transmission threshold control design in S-ALOHA network with FSMC fading channels. The random access system consists of an access point with K competing users, each has access to the local channel state information (CSI) and queue state information (QSI) as well as the common feedback (ACK/NAK/Collision) from the access point. We seek to derive the delay-optimal control policy (composed of threshold and power control). The optimization problem belongs to the memoryless policy K-agent infinite horizon decentralized Markov decision process (DEC-MDP), and finding the optimal policy is shown to be computationally intractable. To obtain a feasible and low complexity solution, we recast the optimization problem into two subproblems, namely the power control and the threshold control problem. For a given threshold control policy, the power control problem is decomposed into a reduced state MDP for single user so that the overall complexity is O(NJ), where N a...
Secure Transmission of Sources over Noisy Channels with Side Information at the Receivers
Villard, Joffrey; Shamai, Shlomo
2012-01-01
This paper investigates the problem of source-channel coding for secure transmission with arbitrarily correlated side informations at both receivers. This scenario consists of an encoder (referred to as Alice) that wishes to compress a source and send it through a noisy channel to a legitimate receiver (referred to as Bob). In this context, Alice must simultaneously satisfy the desired requirements on the distortion level at Bob, and the equivocation rate at the eavesdropper (referred to as Eve). This setting can be seen as a generalization of the problems of secure source coding with (uncoded) side information at the decoders, and the wiretap channel. A general outer bound on the rate-distortion-equivocation region, as well as an inner bound based on a pure digital scheme, is derived for arbitrary channels and side informations. In some special cases of interest, it is proved that this digital scheme is optimal and that separation holds. However, it is also shown through a simple counterexample with a binary...
Passive states as optimal inputs for single-jump lossy quantum channels
De Palma, Giacomo; Mari, Andrea; Lloyd, Seth; Giovannetti, Vittorio
2016-06-01
The passive states of a quantum system minimize the average energy among all the states with a given spectrum. We prove that passive states are the optimal inputs of single-jump lossy quantum channels. These channels arise from a weak interaction of the quantum system of interest with a large Markovian bath in its ground state, such that the interaction Hamiltonian couples only consecutive energy eigenstates of the system. We prove that the output generated by any input state ρ majorizes the output generated by the passive input state ρ0 with the same spectrum of ρ . Then, the output generated by ρ can be obtained applying a random unitary operation to the output generated by ρ0. This is an extension of De Palma et al. [IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 62, 2895 (2016)], 10.1109/TIT.2016.2547426, where the same result is proved for one-mode bosonic Gaussian channels. We also prove that for finite temperature this optimality property can fail already in a two-level system, where the best input is a coherent superposition of the two energy eigenstates.
Ben Ghorbel, Mahdi
2013-09-01
Spectrum sensing is the first and main step for cognitive radio systems to achieve an efficient use of the spectrum. Cooperation among cognitive radio users is a technique employed to improve the sensing performance by exploiting the diversity between the sensing channels to overcome the fading and shadowing effects which allows reduction of miss-detection and false alarm probabilities. Information can be exchanged between cooperating users in different formats from the binary hard information to the full soft information. Quantized information has shown its efficiency as a trade-off between binary hard and full soft for other cooperative schemes, in this paper, we investigate the use of quantized information between cooperating cognitive users. We derive closed-form expressions of the cooperative average false alarm and detection probabilities over fading channels for a generalized system model with not necessarily identical average sensing Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) and imperfect reporting channels. Numerical simulations allow us to conclude a tradeoff between the quantization size and the reporting energy in order to achieve the optimal cooperative error probability. Copyright © 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc.
Kevin, Garapo; Mhlambululi, Mafu; Francesco, Petruccione
2016-07-01
We investigate the effect of collective-rotation noise on the security of the six-state quantum key distribution. We study the case where the eavesdropper, Eve, performs an intercept-resend attack on the quantum communication between Alice, the sender, and Bob, the receiver. We first derive the collective-rotation noise model for the six-state protocol and then parameterize the mutual information between Alice and Eve. We then derive quantum bit error rate for three intercept-resend attack scenarios. We observe that the six-state protocol is robust against intercept-resend attacks on collective rotation noise channels when the rotation angle is kept within certain bounds. Project supported by the South African Research Chair Initiative of the Department of Science and Technology and National Research Foundation.
Effects of the particle-particle channel on properties of low-lying vibrational states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Making use of the finite rank separable approach for the quasiparticle random phase approximation enables one to perform nuclear structure calculations in very large two-quasiparticle spaces. The approach is extended to take into account the residual particle-particle interaction. The calculations are performed by using Skyrme interactions in the particle-hole channel and density-dependent zero-range interactions in the particle-particle channel. To illustrate our approach, we study the properties of the lowest quadrupole states in the even-even nuclei 128Pd, 130Cd, 124-134Sn, 128-136Te, and 136Xe
76 FR 19310 - Information Collection; Certified State Mediation Program
2011-04-07
... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; Certified State Mediation Program AGENCY: Farm Service... Mediation Program. The information collection is necessary to ensure the grant program is being administered... following methods: Mail: Carol Wagner, Certified State Mediation Program Manager, USDA, FSA, Appeals...
Capacities of Grassmann channels
Bradler, Kamil; Jauregui, Rocio
2010-01-01
A new class of quantum channels called Grassmann channels is introduced and their classical and quantum capacity is calculated. The channel class appears in a study of the two-mode squeezing operator constructed from operators satisfying the fermionic algebra. We compare Grassmann channels with the channels induced by the bosonic two-mode squeezing operator. Among other results, we challenge the relevance of calculating entanglement measures to assess or compare the ability of bosonic and fermionic states to send quantum information to uniformly accelerated frames.
Manthe, Uwe; Ellerbrock, Roman
2016-05-28
A new approach for the quantum-state resolved analysis of polyatomic reactions is introduced. Based on the singular value decomposition of the S-matrix, energy-dependent natural reaction channels and natural reaction probabilities are defined. It is shown that the natural reaction probabilities are equal to the eigenvalues of the reaction probability operator [U. Manthe and W. H. Miller, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 3411 (1993)]. Consequently, the natural reaction channels can be interpreted as uniquely defined pathways through the transition state of the reaction. The analysis can efficiently be combined with reactive scattering calculations based on the propagation of thermal flux eigenstates. In contrast to a decomposition based straightforwardly on thermal flux eigenstates, it does not depend on the choice of the dividing surface separating reactants from products. The new approach is illustrated studying a prototypical example, the H + CH4 → H2 + CH3 reaction. The natural reaction probabilities and the contributions of the different vibrational states of the methyl product to the natural reaction channels are calculated and discussed. The relation between the thermal flux eigenstates and the natural reaction channels is studied in detail. PMID:27250291
Manthe, Uwe; Ellerbrock, Roman
2016-05-01
A new approach for the quantum-state resolved analysis of polyatomic reactions is introduced. Based on the singular value decomposition of the S-matrix, energy-dependent natural reaction channels and natural reaction probabilities are defined. It is shown that the natural reaction probabilities are equal to the eigenvalues of the reaction probability operator [U. Manthe and W. H. Miller, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 3411 (1993)]. Consequently, the natural reaction channels can be interpreted as uniquely defined pathways through the transition state of the reaction. The analysis can efficiently be combined with reactive scattering calculations based on the propagation of thermal flux eigenstates. In contrast to a decomposition based straightforwardly on thermal flux eigenstates, it does not depend on the choice of the dividing surface separating reactants from products. The new approach is illustrated studying a prototypical example, the H + CH4 → H2 + CH3 reaction. The natural reaction probabilities and the contributions of the different vibrational states of the methyl product to the natural reaction channels are calculated and discussed. The relation between the thermal flux eigenstates and the natural reaction channels is studied in detail.
Abuturab, Muhammad Rafiq
2015-11-01
A novel gyrator wavelet transform based non-linear multiple single channel information fusion and authentication is introduced. In this technique, each user channel is normalized, phase encoded, and modulated by random phase function, and then multiplexed into a single channel user ciphertext. Now, the secret channel of corresponding user is phase encoded, modulated by random phase function, and gyrator transformed, and then multiplexed into a single channel secret ciphertext. The user ciphertext and secret ciphertext are multiplied to get a single channel multiplex image and then inverse gyrator transformed. The resultant spectrum is phase- and amplitude-truncated to obtain the encrypted image and the asymmetric key, respectively. The encrypted image is a single-level 2-D discrete wavelet transformed. The information is decomposed into LL, HL, LH, and HH sub-bands. This process is repeated to obtain three sets of four sub-bands of three different images. Next, the individual sub-band of each encrypted image is fused to get four fused sub-bands. Finally, the four fused sub-bands are inverse single-level 2-D discrete wavelet transformed to obtain final encrypted image. This is the main advantage for the proposed system: using multiple individual decryption keys (authentication key, asymmetric key, secret keys, and sub-band keys) for each user not only expands the key spaces but also supplies non-linear keys to control the system security. Moreover, the orders of gyrator transform provide extra degrees of freedom. The theoretical analysis and numerical simulation results support the proposed method.
NAIAD, LOCA Transient and Steady-State 2 Phase Flow in Channel Network
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1 - Nature of physical problem solved: The transient (including LOCA) and steady state flow of two-phase compressible light water in a network of heated channels. The momentum flux term is included and unequal phase velocities allowed. A lumped fuel model and detailed surface heat transfer are included. Thermodynamic equilibrium of the two phases is assumed. Discharge flow is calculated intrinsically from the hydraulic equations. The ANC pump model is included. 2 - Method of solution: The one-dimensional conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy are solved in each channel by a numerically stable implicit finite difference scheme. The network is then solved by an accelerated Gauss-Seidel iteration scheme. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: Versions of the code can be easily generated to handle any size problem. Standard code is limited to 50 axial nodes and 10 channels
Hosur, Pavan; Qi, Xiao-Liang; Roberts, Daniel; Yoshida, Beni(Institute for Quantum Information & Matter and Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA, 91125, U.S.A.)
2016-01-01
We study chaos and scrambling in unitary channels by considering their entanglement properties as states. Using out-of-time-order correlation functions to diagnose chaos, we characterize the ability of a channel to process quantum information. We show that the generic decay of such correlators implies that any input subsystem must have near vanishing mutual information with almost all partitions of the output. Additionally, we propose the negativity of the tripartite information of the channe...
Healthcare.gov State Marketplace Information
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Every state will have a Health Insurance Marketplace, but each state can choose how it will operate. States can create and run their own Marketplace, or have a...
Use of the Internet for Health Information: United States, 2009
... National Technical Information Service NCHS Use of the Internet for Health Information: United States, 2009 Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... more likely than men to have used the Internet for health information. Women were more likely than men to have ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In some industrial applications, including nuclear power plants, natural circulation flow is often employed as a reliable heat transport method. A common characteristic of many industrial two-phase natural circulation systems is the presence of a large number of parallel boiling channels. Sensitivity of the steady state behavior of such a two-phase natural circulation system to different system parameters has many implications vis-a-vis performance of the system as per the design intent under various operating conditions. This article reports the results of experimental studies carried out on the characteristics of a low pressure two-phase natural circulation system with parallel boiling channels having their individual heat sources. The work covers the study of dependence of system behavior on operational history, down-comer resistance and channel power. In view of its particular significance in nuclear industry, a special system condition with zero power in one of the parallel channels was also studied. An experimental setup consisting of 10 transparent parallel channels was designed and constructed for conducting these experimental investigations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vyas, H.P., E-mail: harshad.p.vyas@gmail.co [Reactor Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India); Venkat Raj, V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Sector 7, CBD, Navi Mumbai 400614 (India); Nayak, A.K. [Reactor Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India)
2010-11-15
In some industrial applications, including nuclear power plants, natural circulation flow is often employed as a reliable heat transport method. A common characteristic of many industrial two-phase natural circulation systems is the presence of a large number of parallel boiling channels. Sensitivity of the steady state behavior of such a two-phase natural circulation system to different system parameters has many implications vis-a-vis performance of the system as per the design intent under various operating conditions. This article reports the results of experimental studies carried out on the characteristics of a low pressure two-phase natural circulation system with parallel boiling channels having their individual heat sources. The work covers the study of dependence of system behavior on operational history, down-comer resistance and channel power. In view of its particular significance in nuclear industry, a special system condition with zero power in one of the parallel channels was also studied. An experimental setup consisting of 10 transparent parallel channels was designed and constructed for conducting these experimental investigations.
Evolution of l-photon excited thermo vacuum state in a single-mode damping channel
He, Rui; Fan, Hong-Yi
2016-01-01
In this paper, we investigate how a kind of non-Gaussian states (l-photon excited thermo vacuum state Cla†l|0(β)>) evolves in a single-mode damping channel. We find that it evolves into a Laguerre-polynomial-weighted real-fictitious squeezed thermo vacuum state, which exhibits strong decoherence and its original nonclassicality fades. In particular, when l = 0, in this damping process the thermo squeezing effect decreases while the fictitious-mode vacuum becomes chaotic. In overcoming the difficulty of calculation, we employ the summation method within ordered product of operators, a new generating function formula about two-variable Hermite polynomials is derived.
ATP interaction with the open state of the K(ATP) channel.
Enkvetchakul, D; Loussouarn, G.; Makhina, E; Nichols, C.G.
2001-01-01
The mechanism of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel closure by ATP is unclear, and various kinetic models in which ATP binds to open or to closed states have previously been presented. Effects of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2) and multiple Kir6.2 mutations on ATP inhibition and open probability in the absence of ATP are explainable in kinetic models where ATP stabilizes a closed state and interaction with an open state is not required. Evidence that ATP can in fact interact wi...
Information guided channel hopping with an arbitrary number of transmit antennas
Yang, Yuli
2012-10-01
In order to realize the information guided channel hopping, also known as spatial modulation, with more design flexibility, in this paper we propose a novel scheme that allows operation with an arbitrary number of transmit antennas. Once the number of transmit antennas is not a power of two, the antennas\\' symbols are mapped by different numbers of bits. Subsequently, constellations with different orders are exploited for the modulation of radiated symbols so as to guarantee that the total number of bits transmitted at each time slot remains the same. Furthermore, we introduce a decoding algorithm with low complexity for this design. Numerical results on bit error rate performance are provided and substantiate that the proposed scheme turns out to be a promising alternative to the design of information guided channel hopping. © 2012 IEEE.
Purity of Gaussian states: Measurement schemes and time evolution in noisy channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a systematic study of the purity for Gaussian states of single-mode continuous variable systems. We prove the connection of purity to observable quantities for these states, and show that the joint measurement of two conjugate quadratures is necessary and sufficient to determine the purity at any time. The statistical reliability and the range of applicability of the proposed measurement scheme are tested by means of Monte Carlo simulated experiments. We then consider the dynamics of purity in noisy channels. We derive an evolution equation for the purity of general Gaussian states both in thermal and in squeezed thermal baths. We show that purity is maximized at any given time for an initial coherent state evolving in a thermal bath, or for an initial squeezed state evolving in a squeezed thermal bath whose asymptotic squeezing is orthogonal to that of the input state
The lower bound to the concurrence for four-qubit W state under noisy channels
Espoukeh, Pakhshan; Pedram, Pouria
2015-02-01
We study the dynamics of four-qubit W state under various noisy environments by solving analytically the master equation in the Lindblad form in which the Lindblad operators correspond to the Pauli matrices and describe the decoherence of states. Also, we investigate the dynamics of the entanglement using the lower bound to the concurrence. It is found that while the entanglement decreases monotonically for Pauli-Z noise, it decays suddenly for other three noises. Moreover, by studying the time evolution of entanglement of various maximally entangled four-qubit states, we indicate that the four-qubit W state is more robust under same-axis Pauli channels. Furthermore, three-qubit W state preserves more entanglement with respect to the four-qubit W state, except for the Pauli-Z noise.
Purity of Gaussian states: measurement schemes and time-evolution in noisy channels
Paris, M A G; Serafini, A; De Siena, S
2003-01-01
We present a systematic study of the purity for Gaussian states of single-mode continuous variable systems. We prove the connection of purity to observable quantities for these states, and show that the joint measurement of two conjugate quadratures is necessary and sufficient to determine the purity at any time. The statistical reliability and the range of applicability of the proposed measurement scheme is tested by means of Monte Carlo simulated experiments. We then consider the dynamics of purity in noisy channels. We derive an evolution equation for the purity of general Gaussian states both in thermal and squeezed thermal baths. We show that purity is maximized at any given time for an initial coherent state evolving in a thermal bath, or for an initial squeezed state evolving in a squeezed thermal bath whose asymptotic squeezing is orthogonal to that of the input state.
Reasoning About Information Flow Security of Separation Kernels with Channel-based Communication
Zhao, Yongwang; Sann, David; Zhang, Fuyuan; Liu, Yang
2015-01-01
Assurance of information flow security by formal methods is mandated in security certification of separation kernels. As an industrial standard for separation kernels, ARINC 653 has been complied with by mainstream separation kernels. Security of functionalities defined in ARINC 653 is thus very important for the development and certification of separation kernels. This paper presents the first effort to formally specify and verify separation kernels with ARINC 653 channel-based communication...
Razin, Assaf; Sadka, Efraim; Yuen, chi-wa
1998-01-01
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is observed to be a predominant form of capital flows to low and middle income countries with insufficiently developed capital markets. This paper analyzes the problem of channeling domestic savings into productive investment in the presence of asymmetric information between the managing owners of firms and other portfolio stakeholders. We emphasize the crucial role played by FDI in sustaining equity-financed capital investment for economies plagued by such inf...
Information flow in agriculture – through new channels for improved effectiveness
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mihály Csótó
2010-11-01
Full Text Available Agriculture has undergone significant changes since the industrial revolution. The industrial age and the market economy have moulded agriculture in their image just as much as the characteristics and tools of the information age have recently been transforming its previous operation. Information and communication technology (ICTtake-up in agriculture remains low, and the reasons behind this barely changed in the last 20-30 years. Information technologies are regarded as mediating channels and a vehicle for new services. It is important to research the various aspects of adoption of newinformation technology, and also not only the use, but the “effective use” of it (Gurstein,2003. Information-intensive agriculture is fundamentally determined by information, knowledge and the decision-making farmers, in effect the human factor; therefore, studies aimed at the improvement of the situation of agriculture with ICT tools must be centred on the human element.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
We present two schemes for preparing remotely a three-particle entangled state by two different quantum channels. In the first scheme, two partial three-particle entangled states are used as the quantum channels, while in the second scheme, three two-particle non-maximally entangled states are employed as the quantum channels. It is shown that the remote state preparation can be successfully realized with certain probability, for both two schemes, if a sender performs some projective measurements and a receiver adopts some appropriate unitary transformations. It is shown also that the successful probabilities of these two schemes are different.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Two three-party controlled quantum teleportation protocols using six-photon entangled states are proposed for circumventing collective noise. It can be performed in collective-dephasing noise or collective-rotation noise with unitary successful probability. Due to the symmetry of the quantum channel, each participant can act as a sender, a receiver or a controller. Moreover, it can be generalized to multiparty controlled teleportation protocols. (authors)
KIR channel activation contributes to onset and steady-state exercise hyperemia in humans
Crecelius, Anne R.; Luckasen, Gary J.; Dennis G Larson; Dinenno, Frank A.
2014-01-01
We tested the hypothesis that activation of inwardly rectifying potassium (KIR) channels and Na+-K+-ATPase, two pathways that lead to hyperpolarization of vascular cells, contributes to both the onset and steady-state hyperemic response to exercise. We also determined whether after inhibiting these pathways nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins (PGs) are involved in the hyperemic response. Forearm blood flow (FBF; Doppler ultrasound) was determined during rhythmic handgrip exercise at 10% maxi...
K{sup -} nuclear quasi-bound states in a chirally motivated coupled-channel approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mares, Jiri, E-mail: mares@ujf.cas.cz [Nuclear Physics Institute (Czech Republic)
2012-05-15
K{sup }- nuclear optical potentials are constructed from in-medium K-bar N scattering amplitudes within a chirally motivated coupled-channel model. The strong energy and density dependence of the scattering amplitudes at and below threshold leads to K{sup }- potential depths -Re V{sub K{sup -}}({rho}{sub 0}) approx. 80 - 100 MeV. Self consistent calculations of K{sup }- nuclear quasi-bound states are discussed.
Secrecy capacities of compound quantum wiretap channels and applications
Boche, Holger; Cai, Minglai; Cai, Ning; Deppe, Christian
2014-05-01
We determine the secrecy capacity of the compound channel with quantum wiretapper and channel state information at the transmitter. Moreover, we derive a lower bound on the secrecy capacity of this channel without channel state information and determine the secrecy capacity of the compound classical-quantum wiretap channel with channel state information at the transmitter. We use this result to derive a proof for a lower bound on the entanglement generating capacity of the compound quantum channel. We also derive a proof for the formula for entanglement generating capacity of the compound quantum channel with channel state information at the encoder which was given in additional information [Bjelaković, Boche, and Nötzel, in Proceedings of International Symposium on Information Theory ISIT, Korea, 2009 (IEEE, New York, 2009), pp. 1889-1893].
Sree Nilakanta; Richard W. Scamell
1990-01-01
Increasing importance of emerging information technology, especially the data base component, has prompted the examination of the process of diffusion of innovations in the context of data base system development. This paper (1) examines the extent to which information sources and communication channels facilitate the diffusion of data base design tools and techniques, (2) studies how different information sources and communication channels influence diffusion and (3) assesses whether data ba...
Study on target characteristic polarization state in co-polarized channel for the coherent case
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2009-01-01
The target characteristic polarization state in the co-polarized channel for the coherent case was studied in greater detail, with emphasis on the analysis of the characteristic polarization states variable with the target parameters. The Sinclair backscatter matrix was diagonalized under the change of polariza- tion basis via a unitary transformation matrix. Then the diagonal matrix was parameterized by four parameters viz. matrix amplitude, absolute phase, amplitude ratio and phase difference. The behavior of the characteristic polarization states with the varieties of target parameters was discussed together with the power density plot. The characteristic polarization states were displayed on the Poincare sphere and six conclusions were obtained, which provide theoretic support for decreasing the computational complexity of target characteristic polarization state, or anticipating its position in the power density plot. Several simple target cases were considered for validating these conclusions.
Dirac Coupled Channel Analyses of the high-lying excited states at $^{22}$Ne(p,p$'$)$^{22}$Ne
Shim, Sugie
2015-01-01
Dirac phenomenological coupled channel analyses are performed using an optical potential model for the high-lying excited vibrational states at 800 MeV unpolarized proton inelastic scatterings from $^{22}$Ne nucleus. Lorentz-covariant scalar and time-like vector potentials are used as direct optical potentials and the first-order vibrational collective model is used for the transition optical potentials to describe the high-lying excited vibrational collective states. The complicated Dirac coupled channel equations are solved phenomenologically using a sequential iteration method by varying the optical potential and the deformation parameters. Relativistic Dirac coupled channel calculations are able to describe the high-lying excited states of the vibrational bands in $^{22}$Ne clearly better than the nonrelativistic coupled channel calculations. The channel-coupling effects of the multistep process for the excited states of the vibrational bands are investigated. The deformation parameters obtained from the ...
Boundary state in open string channel and open/closed string field theory
Isono, Hiroshi; Matsuo, Yutaka
2005-01-01
We generalize the idea of boundary states to open string channel. They describe the emission and absorption of the open string in the presence of intersecting D-branes. We study the algebra between such states under the star products of string field theory and confirm that they are projectors in a generalized sense. Based on this observation, we propose a modular dual description of Witten's open string field theory which seems to be an appropriate set-up to study D-branes by string field the...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
P. Beinschob
2010-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper we present a novel approach in Multiple-Input Multiple Output (MIMO Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM channel estimation technique based on a Decision Directed Recursive Least Squares (RLS algorithm in which no pilot symbols need to be integrated in the data after a short initial preamble. The novelty and key concept of the proposed technique is the block-wise causal and anti-causal RLS processing that yields two independent processings of RLS along with the associated decisions. Due to the usage of low density parity check (LDPC channel code, the receiver operates with soft information, which enables us to introduce a new modification of the Turbo principle as well as a simple information combining approach based on approximated aposteriori log-likelihood ratios (LLRs. Although the computational complexity is increased by both of our approaches, the latter is relatively less complex than the former. Simulation results show that these implementations outperform the simple RLS-DDCE algorithm and yield lower bit error rates (BER and more accurate channel estimates.
Information-Theoretic Analysis of Underwater Acoustic OFDM Systems in Highly Dispersive Channels
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Francois-Xavier Socheleau
2012-01-01
established by the ISI/ICI and are based on lower bounds on mutual information that assume independent and identically distributed input data symbols. In agreement with recent statistical analyses of experimental shallow-water data, the channel is modeled as a multivariate Rician fading process with a slowly time-varying mean and with potentially correlated scatterers, which is more general than the common wide-sense stationary uncorrelated scattering model. Numerical assessments on real UA channels with spread factors around 10−1 show that reliable OFDM transmissions at 2 to 4 bits/sec/Hz are achievable provided an average signal-to-noise ratio of 15 to 20 dB.
Quantum channels with a finite memory
Bowen, G; Bowen, Garry; Mancini, Stefano
2004-01-01
In this paper we study quantum communication channels with correlated noise effects, i.e., quantum channels with memory. We derive a model for correlated noise channels that includes a channel memory state. We examine the case where the memory is finite, and derive bounds on the classical and quantum capacities. For the entanglement-assisted and unassisted classical capacities it is shown that these bounds are attainable for certain classes of channel. Also, we show that the structure of any finite memory state is unimportant in the asymptotic limit, and specifically, for a perfect finite-memory channel where no information is lost to the environment, the channel is asymptotically noiseless.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shlomo Shamai (Shitz
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper considers the compound wiretap channel, which generalizes Wyner's wiretap model to allow the channels to the (legitimate receiver and to the eavesdropper to take a number of possible states. No matter which states occur, the transmitter guarantees that the receiver decodes its message and that the eavesdropper is kept in full ignorance about the message. The compound wiretap channel can also be viewed as a multicast channel with multiple eavesdroppers, in which the transmitter sends information to all receivers and keeps the information secret from all eavesdroppers. For the discrete memoryless channel, lower and upper bounds on the secrecy capacity are derived. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded channel and the semideterministic channel with one receiver. The parallel Gaussian channel is further studied. The secrecy capacity and the secrecy degree of freedom (s.d.o.f. are derived for the degraded case with one receiver. Schemes to achieve the s.d.o.f. for the case with two receivers and two eavesdroppers are constructed to demonstrate the necessity of a prefix channel in encoder design. Finally, the multi-antenna (i.e., MIMO compound wiretap channel is studied. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded case and an achievable s.d.o.f. is given for the general case.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kramer Gerhard
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract This paper considers the compound wiretap channel, which generalizes Wyner's wiretap model to allow the channels to the (legitimate receiver and to the eavesdropper to take a number of possible states. No matter which states occur, the transmitter guarantees that the receiver decodes its message and that the eavesdropper is kept in full ignorance about the message. The compound wiretap channel can also be viewed as a multicast channel with multiple eavesdroppers, in which the transmitter sends information to all receivers and keeps the information secret from all eavesdroppers. For the discrete memoryless channel, lower and upper bounds on the secrecy capacity are derived. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded channel and the semideterministic channel with one receiver. The parallel Gaussian channel is further studied. The secrecy capacity and the secrecy degree of freedom ( are derived for the degraded case with one receiver. Schemes to achieve the for the case with two receivers and two eavesdroppers are constructed to demonstrate the necessity of a prefix channel in encoder design. Finally, the multi-antenna (i.e., MIMO compound wiretap channel is studied. The secrecy capacity is established for the degraded case and an achievable is given for the general case.
Joint Decoding of LDPC Codes and Finite-State Channels via Linear-Programming
Kim, Byung-Hak
2011-01-01
This paper considers the joint iterative decoding problem for finite-state channels (FSCs) and low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. In the first part, the linear-programming (LP) decoder for binary linear codes, introduced by Feldman et al. is extended to joint decoding of binary-input FSCs. In particular, we provide a rigorous definition of LP joint-decoding pseudo-codewords (JD-PCWs) that enables evaluation of the pairwise error probability between codewords and JD-PCWs. This leads naturally to a provable upper bound on decoder failure probability. If the channel is a finite-state intersymbol interference channel, then the LP joint decoder also has the maximum-likelihood (ML) certificate property and all integer-valued solutions are codewords. In this case, the performance loss relative to ML decoding can be explained completely by fractional-valued JD-PCWs. In the second part, we develop an efficient iterative solver for the joint LP decoder proposed in the first part. In particular, we extend the approa...
KIR channel activation contributes to onset and steady-state exercise hyperemia in humans.
Crecelius, Anne R; Luckasen, Gary J; Larson, Dennis G; Dinenno, Frank A
2014-09-01
We tested the hypothesis that activation of inwardly rectifying potassium (KIR) channels and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, two pathways that lead to hyperpolarization of vascular cells, contributes to both the onset and steady-state hyperemic response to exercise. We also determined whether after inhibiting these pathways nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins (PGs) are involved in the hyperemic response. Forearm blood flow (FBF; Doppler ultrasound) was determined during rhythmic handgrip exercise at 10% maximal voluntary contraction for 5 min in the following conditions: control [saline; trial 1 (T1)]; with combined inhibition of KIR channels and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alone [via barium chloride (BaCl2) and ouabain, respectively; trial 2 (T2)]; and with additional combined nitric oxide synthase (N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine) and cyclooxygenase inhibition [ketorolac; trial 3 (T3)]. In T2, the total hyperemic responses were attenuated ~50% from control (P 120 ± 15 ml/min; -29 ± 3%; P < 0.05 vs. T2). In protocol 3 (n = 8), BaCl2 alone reduced FBF during onset (~50%) and steady-state exercise (~30%) as observed in protocols 1 and 2, respectively, and addition of ouabain had no further impact. Our data implicate activation of KIR channels as a novel contributing pathway to exercise hyperemia in humans. PMID:24973385
Mceliece, R. J.
1980-01-01
A class of channel models is presented which exhibit varying burst error severity much like channels encountered in practice. An information-theoretic analysis of these channel models is made, and conclusions are drawn that may aid in the design of coded communication systems for realistic noisy channels.
Informational Asymmetries in Laboratory Asset Markets with State Dependent Fundamentals
Keser, Claudia; Markstädter, Andreas
2014-01-01
We investigate the formation of market prices in a new experimental setting involving multi-period asset markets with state-dependent fundamentals. We are particularly interested in two informational aspects: (1) the role of traders who are informed about the true state and (2) the provision of Bayesian updates of the assets state-dependent fundamental value (BFVs) to all traders. We find that bubbles are a rare phenomenon in all our treatments. Markets with asymmetrically informed traders co...
MPSK Symbol-based Soft-Information-Forwarding Scheme in Rayleigh Fading Channels
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Huamei Xin
2014-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we proposed a symbol-based multiple phase shift keying (MPSK soft-information-forwarding (SIF scheme for a two-hop parallel relay wireless network in Rayleigh fading channel. First the binary information streams at the source are mapped into MPSK symbols, and the relays construct the relay processing function by passing the intermediate soft decisions. Then the relays broadcast the processed symbols to the destination. After the maximum ratio combination, the received symbols at the destination can be decided by maximum-likelihood (ML decision. Four MPSK symbol-based forwarding schemes are investigated and the simulation results show that the bit error rate (BER performance of soft information forwarding scheme has better BER performance than the existing memoryless forwarding scheme based on MPSK modulation, and it is more practical than the SIF scheme based on BPSK modulation
Mesbah, Mostefa; Balakrishnan, Malarvili; Colditz, Paul B.; Boashash, Boualem
2012-12-01
This article proposes a new method for newborn seizure detection that uses information extracted from both multi-channel electroencephalogram (EEG) and a single channel electrocardiogram (ECG). The aim of the study is to assess whether additional information extracted from ECG can improve the performance of seizure detectors based solely on EEG. Two different approaches were used to combine this extracted information. The first approach, known as feature fusion, involves combining features extracted from EEG and heart rate variability (HRV) into a single feature vector prior to feeding it to a classifier. The second approach, called classifier or decision fusion, is achieved by combining the independent decisions of the EEG and the HRV-based classifiers. Tested on recordings obtained from eight newborns with identified EEG seizures, the proposed neonatal seizure detection algorithms achieved 95.20% sensitivity and 88.60% specificity for the feature fusion case and 95.20% sensitivity and 94.30% specificity for the classifier fusion case. These results are considerably better than those involving classifiers using EEG only (80.90%, 86.50%) or HRV only (85.70%, 84.60%).
Quantum information processing with mesoscopic photonic states
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Madsen, Lars Skovgaard
2012-01-01
The thesis is built up around a versatile optical experimental setup based on a laser, two optical parametric ampliers, a few sets of modulators and two sets of homodyne detectors, which together with passive linear optics generate, process and characterize various types of Gaussian quantum states....... Using this setup we have experimentally and theoretically investigated Gaussian quantum discord, continuous variable quantum key distribution and quantum polarization. The Gaussian discord broadens the definition of non-classical correlations from entanglement, to all types of correlations which cannot...... dissipation in the mixture of coherent states. Further we investigate the robustness of the discord of a broader range of states and suggest a toolbox of states which can be used to test if a protocol is discord based, before performing a rigid proof. Gaussian quantum key distribution can be implemented with...
Feedback and Partial Message Side-Information on the Semideterministic Broadcast Channel
Bracher, Annina; Wigger, Michèle
2015-01-01
The capacity of the semideterministic discrete memoryless broadcast channel (SD-BC) with partial message side-information (P-MSI) at the receivers is established. For the setting without a common message, it is shown that P-MSI to the deterministic receiver can only increase capacity if also the stochastic receiver has P-MSI, while P-MSI to the stochastic receiver alone can increase capacity. For the setting where the encoder also conveys a common message, it is shown that P-MSI to the determ...
Bruns, D.; Sperling, J.; Scheel, S.
2016-03-01
Modern applications in quantum computation and quantum communication require the precise characterization of quantum states and quantum channels. In practice, this means that one has to determine the quantum capacity of a physical system in terms of measurable quantities. Witnesses, if properly constructed, succeed in performing this task. We derive a method that is capable to compute witnesses for identifying deterministic evolutions and measurement-induced collapse processes. At the same time, applying the Choi-Jamiołkowski isomorphism, it uncovers the entanglement characteristics of bipartite quantum states. Remarkably, a statistical mixture of unitary evolutions is mapped onto mixtures of maximally entangled states, and classical separable states originate from genuine quantum-state reduction maps. Based on our treatment, we are able to witness these opposing attributes at once and, furthermore, obtain an insight into their different geometric structures. The complementarity is further underpinned by formulating a complementary Schmidt decomposition of a state in terms of maximally entangled states and discrete Fourier-transformed Schmidt coefficients.
Li, Lehong; Geng, Xuehui; Drain, Peter
2002-01-01
The ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel is named after its characteristic inhibition by intracellular ATP. The inhibition is a centerpiece of how the KATP channel sets electrical signaling to the energy state of the cell. In the β cell of the endocrine pancreas, for example, ATP inhibition results from high blood glucose levels and turns on electrical activity leading to insulin release. The underlying gating mechanism (ATP inhibition gating) includes ATP stabilization of closed states, bu...
Resting state of the human proton channel dimer in a lipid bilayer.
Li, Qufei; Shen, Rong; Treger, Jeremy S; Wanderling, Sherry S; Milewski, Wieslawa; Siwowska, Klaudia; Bezanilla, Francisco; Perozo, Eduardo
2015-11-01
The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 plays a critical role in the fast proton translocation that underlies a wide range of physiological functions, including the phagocytic respiratory burst, sperm motility, apoptosis, and metastatic cancer. Both voltage activation and proton conduction are carried out by a voltage-sensing domain (VSD) with strong similarity to canonical VSDs in voltage-dependent cation channels and enzymes. We set out to determine the structural properties of membrane-reconstituted human proton channel (hHv1) in its resting conformation using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy together with biochemical and computational methods. We evaluated existing structural templates and generated a spectroscopically constrained model of the hHv1 dimer based on the Ci-VSD structure at resting state. Mapped accessibility data revealed deep water penetration through hHv1, suggesting a highly focused electric field, comprising two turns of helix along the fourth transmembrane segment. This region likely contains the H(+) selectivity filter and the conduction pore. Our 3D model offers plausible explanations for existing electrophysiological and biochemical data, offering an explicit mechanism for voltage activation based on a one-click sliding helix conformational rearrangement. PMID:26443860
SWEET CORN MARKETING CHANNELS IN NEW YORK STATE -- A NEW YORK SWEET CORN GROWER SURVEY
Uva, Wen-fei L.
2004-01-01
This study focused on investigating marketing channels and marketing strategies used by the New York sweet corn industry. In Spring 2001, a survey was conducted with vegetable growers in New York State. This report included responses from 482 New York vegetable farms which produced sweet corn in 2000. These respondents had total production acreage of 37,786 acres (67 percent of the state’s total) and a total production value of $38.9 million (57 percent of the state’s total). Among the respon...
Managing Information Resources: New Directions in State Government.
Caudle, Sharon L.; Marchand, Donald A.
1990-01-01
Describes a national survey of management policies and practices applied to information and information technology in state government. Management approaches and trends are discussed in the areas of data processing, telecommunications, office automation, records management, state library services, policy formation, budgeting and accounting,…
The Asymmetric Information Model of State Dependence
Nickolay V. Moshkin; Ron Shachar
2002-01-01
Marketing researchers and practitioners are interested in consumer loyalty because of its managerial consequences. Previous empirical studies find that consumers are loyal not only to a brand, but also to a firm (umbrella brand). That is, even when firms offer products, consumers tend to continue to purchase from the same firm. This repeat-purchase behavior might result from or from . The meaning of state dependence is that the current choice behaviorally depends on the previous one. The trad...
Experimental information complementarity of two-qubit states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The concept of information offers a more complete description of complementarity than the traditional approach based on observables. We present the first experimental test of information complementarity for two-qubit pure states, achieving close agreement with theory. We also explore the distribution of information in a comprehensive range of mixed states. Our results highlight the strange and subtle properties of even the simplest quantum systems; for example, entanglement can be increased by reducing the correlations between two subsystems.
Natural Resources Information System for the State of Oklahoma
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The objective of this research program was to continue developing, editing, maintaining, utilizing and making publicly available the Natural Resources Information System (NRIS) for the State of Oklahoma. The Oklahoma Geological Survey, working with Geological Information Systems at the University of Oklahoma's Sarkeys Energy Center, undertook to construct this information system in response to the need for a computerized, centrally located library containing accurate, detailed information on the state's natural resources. Particular emphasis during this phase of development was placed on computerizing information related to the energy needs of the nation, specifically oil and gas
Weighted Markov Chains and Graphic State Nodes for Information Retrieval.
Benoit, G.
2002-01-01
Discusses users' search behavior and decision making in data mining and information retrieval. Describes iterative information seeking as a Markov process during which users advance through states of nodes; and explains how the information system records the decision as weights, allowing the incorporation of users' decisions into the Markov…
Massachusetts state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1981-02-09
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Massachusetts. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Ohio state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by POLITECH CORPORATION to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Ohio. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full test of relevant statutes and regulations
Pennsylvania state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1980-12-31
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and State levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Pennsylvania. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Oregon state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administater, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Oregon. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Florida state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1981-02-27
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with DOE, Office of Nuclear Waste Management, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Florida. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Ohio state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1981-02-09
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by POLITECH CORPORATION to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Ohio. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full test of relevant statutes and regulations.
Massachusetts state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Massachusetts. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Pennsylvania state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and State levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Pennsylvania. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Florida state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with DOE, Office of Nuclear Waste Management, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Florida. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
California state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1981-02-09
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of California. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Maryland State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Handbook Series Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Maryland. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Oregon state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Oregon. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Iowa state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, By Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Iowa. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full test of relevant statutes and regulations
Illinois state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Illinois. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Illinois State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Illinois. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Pennsylvania state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Pennsylvania. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Oregon state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1980-12-31
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administater, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Oregon. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Oregon state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1980-12-31
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Oregon. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Maryland state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and State levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Maryland. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
California state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of California. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Iowa state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1981-02-09
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, By Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the state of Iowa. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; the full test of relevant statutes and regulations.
Maryland State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1980-12-31
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Handbook Series Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Maryland. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Exact coherent states and connections to turbulent dynamics in minimal channel flow
Park, Jae Sung
2015-01-01
Several new families of nonlinear three-dimensional travelling wave solutions to the Navier-Stokes equation, also known as exact coherent states, are computed for Newtonian plane Poiseuille flow. The symmetries and streak/vortex structures are reported and their possible connections to critical layer dynamics examined. While some of the solutions clearly display fluctuations that are localized around the critical layer (the surface on which the streamwise velocity matches the wave speed of the solution), for others this connection is not as clear. Dynamical trajectories along unstable directions of the solutions are computed. Over certain ranges of Reynolds number, two solution families are shown to lie on the basin boundary between laminar and turbulent flow. Direct comparison of nonlinear travelling wave solutions to turbulent flow in the same channel is presented. The state-space dynamics of the turbulent flow are organized around one of the newly-identified travelling wave families, and in particular the ...
32 CFR Appendix C to Part 86 - State Information
2010-07-01
...: 916-739-2786. State of Colorado, Crime Information Center, Colorado Bureau of Investigation, 690.... L. required, name check, COMM: 609-882-2000. State of New Mexico, Department of Public Safety... form, fingerprints required, COMM: 615-741-3241. State of Texas, Texas Crime Records Division,...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Odoemelam
2015-01-01
Full Text Available ABSTRACT Appropriateness of information is a critical factor needed to stimulate the right knowledge and attitude of farmers towards sustainable transformation of agriculture. The study investigated the information network that exists among rural communities in Akwa-Ibom States and its implication for effective extension delivery. Even though AKADEPAkwa-Ibom State Agricultural Development Programmes are highly involved in the dissemination process it is important to analyze the information networks of the farmers to improve exchange of information with the following specific objectives identify the different wealth groups in the study area ascertain the information networks that exists in the area analyze the different information types and assess the strength and weakness of the information sources. Data were generated through Focus Group Discussion and Participatory Observation employing different methodologies like wealth ranking information diagram and linkage matrix analysis using Likerts scale type. Data generated were analyzed with simple descriptive statistics and means. Major results show that in wealth ranking two groups of respondents were identified the female households with mean score between 1.9 and male headed household with mean score of 2.00 2.99. on information network farmer to farmer with 21 market 14 church 15 were highest source of their information network. On perceived weakness and strength of the information network the information quality frequency of use timeliness of information flow and link up of information were adequate while reliability of information was not adequate. The results show that intra community information flow was suitable and accessible to rich farmers while inaccessible and often irrelevant to poor farmers. Therefore in the face of threat to food insecurity prevalent in the country it is important to put in place a platform that will afford farmers to ask questions and get substantive responses
Cloud Information Content Analysis for EPIC's Oxygen A- and B-band Channels
Davis, A. B.; Sanghavi, S.
2011-12-01
The Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) instrument on the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) will have two molecular oxygen channels: one for the well-known ``A'' band at~764 nm and one for the weaker ``B'' band at 688~nm. In both cases, a channel-integrated relative measurement of absorption is possible using an ``in-band'' channel and a nearby ``reference'' channel. Together, these four observations enable a rudimentary differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) of O2 in the characteristic retro-reflection geometry of the L1 vantage point. A priori, we thus have at best two new pieces of cloud information to access. EPIC's pixels have 10x10 km2 footprints at nadir (center of the illuminated disk), more as the viewing angle increases away from local zenith. What new information can be learned about clouds from these data on a pixel-by-pixel basis? O2 A-band observations from space have been pioneered with CNES's POLDER, ESA's SCIAMACHY, and JAXA's GOSat. NASA's OCO-2, to be launched in early 2013, will also have A-band capability. POLDER has low spectral and spatial resolutions, but offers multiple viewing directions for every pixel; SCIAMACHY has higher spectral but worse spatial resolution and just one viewing angle. GOSat has very high spectral but rather low spatial resolutions, again with the possibility of dense angular sampling, but no imaging (just one pixel at a time). OCO-2, a narrow swath imager, will have similarly high spectral resolution and reasonably high ( ˜2~km) spatial resolution. Of these four LEO missions, two are focused on CO2 DOAS, with O2 being assayed operationally only to deliver it in ppm's. POLDER and SCIAMACHY however have official cloud products based on A-band measurements. They contain, at the least, an estimate of cloud top height and, at the most, that plus an estimate of cloud pressure thickness. Cloud optical depth and effective particle size are derived from other spectral data, including continuum values
D-branes as coherent states in the open string channel
Cantcheff, Marcelo Botta
2007-01-01
We show that bosonic D-brane states may be represented as coherent states in an open string representation. By using the Thermo Field Dynamics (TFD) formalism, we may construct a condensed state of open string modes which encodes the information on the D-brane configuration. We also introduce a construction alternative to TFD, which does not require to assume thermal equilibrium. It is shown that the dynamics of the system, combined with geometric properties of the duplication rules of TFD, is sufficient to obtain the thermal states and their analytic continuations in a geometric fashion. We adopt this approach to show that bosonic D-brane states in the open string sector may also be built as boundary states in a special sense. Some implications of this study on the interpretation of the open/closed duality and on the kinematical/algebraic structure of an open string field theory are also commented.
Athermalized channeled spectropolarimeter enhancement.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jones, Julia Craven; Way, Brandyn Michael; Mercier, Jeffrey Alan; Hunt, Jeffery P.
2013-09-01
Channeled spectropolarimetry can measure the complete polarization state of light as a function of wavelength. Typically, a channeled spectropolarimeter uses high order retarders made of uniaxial crystal to amplitude modulate the measured spectrum with the spectrally-dependent Stokes polarization information. A primary limitation of conventional channeled spectropolarimeters is related to the thermal variability of the retarders. Thermal variation often forces frequent system recalibration, particularly for field deployed systems. However, implementing thermally stable retarders, made of biaxial crystal, results in an athermal channeled spectropolarimeter that relieves the need for frequent recalibration. This report presents experimental results for an anthermalized channeled spectropolarimeter prototype produced using potassium titanyl phosphate. The results of this prototype are compared to the current thermal stabilization state of the art. Finally, the application of the technique to the thermal infrared is studied, and the athermalization concept is applied to an infrared imaging spectropolarimeter design.
Information resources in state regulatory agencies-a California perspective
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
DiZio, S.M. [California Environmental Protection Agency, Sacramento (United States)
1990-12-31
Various state regulatory agencies have expressed a need for networking with information gatherers/researchers to produce a concise compilation of primary information so that the basis for regulatory standards can be scientifically referenced. California has instituted several programs to retrieve primary information, generate primary information through research, and generate unique regulatory standards by integrating the primary literature and the products of research. This paper describes these programs.
Entanglement and purity of two-mode Gaussian states in noisy channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the evolution of purity, entanglement, and total correlations of general two-mode continuous variable Gaussian states in arbitrary uncorrelated Gaussian environments. The time evolution of purity, von Neumann entropy, logarithmic negativity, and mutual information is analyzed for a wide range of initial conditions. In general, we find that a local squeezing of the bath leads to a faster degradation of purity and entanglement, while it can help to preserve the mutual information between the modes
Entanglement and purity of two-mode Gaussian states in noisy channels
Serafini, A; Paris, M G A; De Siena, S; Serafini, Alessio; Illuminati, Fabrizio; Paris, Matteo G. A.; Siena, Silvio De
2004-01-01
We study the evolution of purity, entanglement and total correlations of general two--mode Gaussian states of continuous variable systems in arbitrary uncorrelated Gaussian environments. The time evolution of purity, Von Neumann entropy, logarithmic negativity and mutual information is analyzed for a wide range of initial conditions. In general, we find that a local squeezing of the bath leads to a faster degradation of purity and entanglement, while it can help to preserve the mutual information between the modes.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Le Nir Vincent
2010-01-01
Full Text Available A tactical radio network is a radio network in which a transmitter broadcasts the same information to its receivers. In this paper, dynamic spectrum management is studied for multiple cognitive tactical radio networks coexisting in the same area. First, we consider the problem of common rate maximization subject to a total power constraint for a single tactical radio network having multiple receivers and using parallel subchannels (parallel multicast channels. Mathematical derivations show that the optimal power allocation can be found in closed form under multiple hypothesis testing. An outer loop can be used to minimize the power subject to a common rate constraint. Then, we extend the iterative water-filling algorithm to the coexistence of multiple cognitive tactical radio networks without requiring any cooperation between the different networks. The power allocation is performed autonomously at the transmit side assuming knowledge of the noise variances and channel variations of the network. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is very robust in satisfying these constraints while minimizing the overall power in various scenarios.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We have investigated trap density of states (trap DOS) in n-channel organic field-effect transistors based on N,N ’-bis(cyclohexyl)naphthalene diimide (Cy-NDI) and dimethyldicyanoquinonediimine (DMDCNQI). A new method is proposed to extract trap DOS from the Arrhenius plot of the temperature-dependent transconductance. Double exponential trap DOS are observed, in which Cy-NDI has considerable deep states, by contrast, DMDCNQI has substantial tail states. In addition, numerical simulation of the transistor characteristics has been conducted by assuming an exponential trap distribution and the interface approximation. Temperature dependence of transfer characteristics are well reproduced only using several parameters, and the trap DOS obtained from the simulated characteristics are in good agreement with the assumed trap DOS, indicating that our analysis is self-consistent. Although the experimentally obtained Meyer-Neldel temperature is related to the trap distribution width, the simulation satisfies the Meyer-Neldel rule only very phenomenologically. The simulation also reveals that the subthreshold swing is not always a good indicator of the total trap amount, because it also largely depends on the trap distribution width. Finally, band transport is explored from the simulation having a small number of traps. A crossing point of the transfer curves and negative activation energy above a certain gate voltage are observed in the simulated characteristics, where the critical VG above which band transport is realized is determined by the sum of the trapped and free charge states below the conduction band edge
Capacity results for compound wiretap channels
Sommerfeld, Jochen; Boche, Holger
2011-01-01
We derive a lower bound on the secrecy capacity of the compound wiretap channel with channel state information at the transmitter which matches the general upper bound on the secrecy capacity of general compound wiretap channels given by Liang et al. and thus establishing a full coding theorem in this case. We achieve this with a stronger secrecy criterion and with a decoder that is robust against the effect of randomisation in the encoding. This relieves us from the need of decoding the randomisation parameter which is in general not possible within this model. Moreover we prove a lower bound on the secrecy capacity of the compound wiretap channel without channel state information.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qing-Yun Wang; Yan-Hong Zheng
2011-01-01
In this paper,we investigate the evolution of spatiotemporal patterns and synchronization transitions in dependence on the information transmission delay and ion channel blocking in scale-free neuronal networks.As the underlying model of neuronal dynamics,we use the HodgkinHuxley equations incorporating channel blocking and intrinsic noise.It is shown that delays play a significant yet subtle role in shaping the dynamics of neuronal networks.In particular,regions of irregular and regular propagating excitatory fronts related to the synchronization transitions appear intermittently as the delay increases.Moreover,the fraction of working sodium and potassium ion channels can also have a significant impact on the spatiotemporal dynamics of neuronal networks.As the fraction of blocked sodium channels increases,the frequency of excitatory events decreases,which in turn manifests as an increase in the neuronal synchrony that,however,is dysfunctional due to the virtual absence of large-amplitude excitations.Expectedly,we also show that larger coupling strengths improve synchronization irrespective of the information transmission delay and channel blocking.The presented results are also robust against the variation of the network size,thus providing insights that could facilitate understanding of the joint impact of ion channel blocking and information transmission delay on the spatiotemporal dynamics of neuronal networks.
Multi-Photon Multi-Channel Interferometry for Quantum Information Processing
Dhand, Ish
2016-01-01
This thesis reports advances in the theory of design, characterization and simulation of multi-photon multi-channel interferometers. I advance the design of interferometers through an algorithm to realize an arbitrary discrete unitary transformation on the combined spatial and internal degrees of freedom of light. This procedure effects an arbitrary $n_{s}n_{p}\\times n_{s}n_{p}$ unitary matrix on the state of light in $n_{s}$ spatial and $n_{p}$ internal modes. I devise an accurate and precise procedure for characterizing any multi-port linear optical interferometer using one- and two-photon interference. Accuracy is achieved by estimating and correcting systematic errors that arise due to spatiotemporal and polarization mode mismatch. Enhanced accuracy and precision are attained by fitting experimental coincidence data to a curve simulated using measured source spectra. The efficacy of our characterization procedure is verified by numerical simulations. I develop group-theoretic methods for the analysis and ...
Incident and Trafficking Database: New Systems for Reporting and Accessing State Information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The IAEA's Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB) is the Agency's authoritative source for information on incidents in which nuclear and other radioactive material is out of national regulatory control. It was established in 1995 and, as of June 2014, 126 States participate in the ITDB programme. Currently, the database contains over 2500 confirmed incidents, out of which 21% involve nuclear material, 62% radioactive source and 17% radioactively contaminated material. In recent years, the system for States to report incidents to the ITDB has been evolving — moving from fax-based to secure email and most recently to secure on-line reporting. A Beta version of the on-line system was rolled out this June, offering a simple, yet secure, communication channel for member states to provide information. In addition the system serves as a central hub for information related to official communication of the IAEA with Member States so some communication that is traditionally shared by e-mail does not get lost when ITDB counterparts change. In addition the new reporting system incorporates optional features that allow multiple Member State users to collaboratively contribute toward an INF. States are also being given secure on-line access to a streamlined version of the ITDB. This improves States' capabilities to retrieve and analyze information for their own purposes. In addition, on-line access to ITDB statistical information on incidents is available to States through an ITDB Dashboard. The dashboard contains aggregate information on number and types of incidents, material involved, as well some other statistics related to the ITDB that is typically provided in the ITDB Quarterly reports. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Realizing the environmental benefits of solar photovoltaics (PV) will require reducing costs associated with perception, informational gaps and technological uncertainties. To identify opportunities to decrease costs associated with residential PV adoption, in this letter we use multivariate regression models to analyze a unique, household-level dataset of PV adopters in Texas (USA) to systematically quantify the effect of different information channels on aspiring PV adopters’ decision-making. We find that the length of the decision period depends on the business model, such as whether the system was bought or leased, and on special opportunities to learn, such as the influence of other PV owners in the neighborhood. This influence accrues passively through merely witnessing PV systems in the neighborhood, increasing confidence and motivation, as well as actively through peer-to-peer communications. Using these insights we propose a new framework to provide public information on PV that could drastically reduce barriers to PV adoption, thereby accelerating its market penetration and environmental benefits. This framework could also serve as a model for other distributed generation technologies. (letter)
Rai, Varun; Robinson, Scott A.
2013-03-01
Realizing the environmental benefits of solar photovoltaics (PV) will require reducing costs associated with perception, informational gaps and technological uncertainties. To identify opportunities to decrease costs associated with residential PV adoption, in this letter we use multivariate regression models to analyze a unique, household-level dataset of PV adopters in Texas (USA) to systematically quantify the effect of different information channels on aspiring PV adopters’ decision-making. We find that the length of the decision period depends on the business model, such as whether the system was bought or leased, and on special opportunities to learn, such as the influence of other PV owners in the neighborhood. This influence accrues passively through merely witnessing PV systems in the neighborhood, increasing confidence and motivation, as well as actively through peer-to-peer communications. Using these insights we propose a new framework to provide public information on PV that could drastically reduce barriers to PV adoption, thereby accelerating its market penetration and environmental benefits. This framework could also serve as a model for other distributed generation technologies.
Informed or Misinformed Consent? Abortion Policy in the United States.
Daniels, Cynthia R; Ferguson, Janna; Howard, Grace; Roberti, Amanda
2016-04-01
Since 2010, the United States has witnessed a dramatic expansion of state-based restrictions on abortion. The most common of these are informed consent statutes, which require that a woman seeking an abortion receive a state-authored informational packet before the abortion procedure can be performed. These laws, in addition to requiring the provision of information about alternatives to and risks of abortion, all also require details of embryological and fetal development. This article presents the findings of a comprehensive study of state-authored informed consent materials regarding embryological and fetal development. To conduct this study, we recruited a panel of experts in human anatomy to assess the accuracy of these materials in the context of the constitutional standard established inPlanned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania et al. v. Robert P. Casey et al.(505 U.S. 833 (1992)): that such information must be "truthful" and "nonmisleading." We find that nearly one-third of the informed consent information is medically inaccurate, that inaccurate information is concentrated primarily in the earlier weeks of pregnancy and is clustered around particular body systems. We discuss the implications of our findings for the question of the constitutionality of informed consent laws as they have been implemented in practice. PMID:26732319
Reinventing Nordic Openness : Transparency and State Information in Finland
ErkkilÃ€, Tero
2010-01-01
The study explores new ideational changes in the information strategy of the Finnish state between 1998 and 2007, after a juncture in Finnish governing in the early 1990s. The study scrutinizes the economic reframing of institutional openness in Finland that comes with significant and often unintended institutional consequences of transparency. Most notably, the constitutional principle of publicity (julkisuusperiaate), a Nordic institutional peculiarity allowing public access to state inform...
Sinusoidal Steady State Analysis on 4H-SiC Buried Channel MOSFETs
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Tao; LU Hong-Liang; ZHANG Yi-Men; ZHANG Yu-Ming; YE Li-Hui
2008-01-01
With the combined use of the drift-diffusion (DD) model,experimental measured parameters and small-signal sinusoidal steady-state analysis,we extract the Y-parameters for 4H-SiC buried-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (BCMOSFETs). Output short-circuit current gain G and Mason's invariant U are calculated for extrapolating unity current gain frequency in the common-source configuration fT and the maximum frequency of oscillation fmax,respectively.Here fT = 800 MHz and fmax = 5 GHz are extracted for the 4H-SiC BCMOSFETs,while the field effect mobility reaches its peak value 87cm2/Vs when VGs = 4.5 V.Simulation results clearly show that the characteristic frequency of 4H-SiC BCMOSFETs and field effect mobility are superior,due to the novel structure,compared with conventional MOSFETs.
On a multi-channel queue with state dependent input flow and interruptions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jewgeni Dshalalow
1989-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with a multi-channel queueing system with a finite waiting room but without losses. The latter is achieved by a temporary interruption of the input flow activity until the waiting room is ready to place a new customer. In addition, the input flow on its busy period is non-recurrent: It is state dependent and may be controlled over relevant times of decision making. A similar model without interruptions (i.e. with losses was earlier studied by the author, where in particular, major probability characteristics of the queueing process in equilibrium were obtained. Now the author derives a simple explicit relation between the two models allowing the given queue to inherit the results previously obtained. New techniques for semi-regenerative processes are used.
Vidmar, Emanuel
2014-01-01
In the modern world digital media channels, especially ones accessible via browsers, have an extreme influence on consumer decision process. This diploma thesis analyses the trends of information searching as well as the influence of search marketing on search engine performance. Search engines are the basic tools for finding and collecting information, both of which are crucial in consumer decision processes. The thesis continues with an overview of a modern consumer’s information searching ...
Compatibility of state assignments and pooling of information
Brun, Todd A.; Hsieh, Min-Hsiu; Perry, Christopher
2015-07-01
We say that two (or more) state assignments for one and the same quantum system are compatible if they could represent the assignments of observers with differing information about the system. A criterion for compatibility was proposed in [Phys. Rev. A 65, 032315 (2002), 10.1103/PhysRevA.65.032315]; however, this leaves unanswered the question of whether there are degrees of compatibility which could be represented by some quantitative measure, and whether there is a straightforward procedure whereby the observers can pool their information to arrive at a unique joint state assignment. We argue that such measures are only sensible given some assumption about what kind of information was used in making the state assignments in the first place, and that in general state assignments do not represent all of the information possessed by the observers. However, we examine one particular measure and show that it has a straightforward interpretation, assuming that the information was acquired from a particular type of measurement, and that in this case there is a natural rule for pooling information. We extend this measure to compatibility of states for k observers and show that the value is the solution to a semidefinite program. Similar compatibility measures can be defined for alternative notions of state compatibility, including post-Peierls and equal support compatibilities.
Lotz, Paul J.; Lacasse, Michael J.; Godwin, Ryan C.
2012-09-01
The Discovery Channel Telescope is a 4.3m astronomical research telescope in northern Arizona constructed through a partnership between Discovery Communications and Lowell Observatory. The control software for the telescope and observatory systems consists of stand-alone, state-based components that respond to triggers (external signals or internal data changes). Component applications execute on Windows, real-time, and FPGA targets. The team has developed a template for a system component, the implementation of which has yielded large gains in productivity, robustness, and maintainability. These benefits follow from the dependence of the template on common, well-tested code, allowing a developer to focus on application-specific particulars unencumbered by details of infrastructure elements such as communication, and from the separation of concerns the architecture provides, ensuring that modifications are straightforward, separable, and consequently relatively safe. We describe a repeatable design process for developing a state machine design, and show how this translates directly into a concrete implementation utilizing several design patterns, illustrating this with examples from components of the functioning active optics system. We also present a refined top-level state machine design and rules for highly independent component interactions within and between hierarchies that we propose offer a general solution for large component-based control systems.
The State of Information and Communication Technology in Iran
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohsen Gerami
2010-03-01
Full Text Available The development of information and communicationtechnologies depend on several factors like government policythat encourage investors to spend their money in building ITinfrastructure and force business or particular institution toadopt the new technologies to bring the price down and manyothers. This paper investigates the state of Information andCommunication Technology in Iran.
40 CFR 350.19 - Provision of information to States.
2010-07-01
... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW INFORMATION: AND TRADE SECRET DISCLOSURES TO HEALTH PROFESSIONALS Trade Secrecy... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Provision of information to States. 350.19 Section 350.19 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED)...
State FFA Officers' Confidence and Trustworthiness of Biotechnology Information Sources
Wingenbach, Gary J.; Rutherford, Tracy A.
2007-01-01
Are state FFA officers' awareness levels of agricultural topics reported in mass media superior to those who do not serve in leadership roles? The purpose of this study was to determine elected state FFA officers' awareness of biotechnology, and their confidence and trust of biotechnology information sources. Descriptive survey methods were used…
CLEAN WATER STATE REVOLVING FUND NATIONAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (NIMS)
Resource Purpose:Data collected annually from EPA Regional Offices and States on the 51 Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF) programs. The data provides the Agency with information on sources and uses of CWSRF funds to finance wastewater management projects, nonpoint ...
State Budgeting for Higher Education: Information Systems and Technical Analyses.
Purves, Ralph A.; Glenny, Lyman A.
The extent to which state agencies are implementing information systems and analytical methods for budget review are examined. Focus is on 17 states: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Mississippi, Nebraska, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin. Trends in budget…
Education, Nation States and the Globalization of Information Networks.
Selwyn, Neil; Brown, Philip
2000-01-01
Noting the emerging global policyscape toward creating global information networks, this article analyzes policymaking across Europe, the United States, and East Asia. Employing a political-economy perspective, it compares seven countries' networks, highlighting the state's role and varying relationships among education, economy, and society, and…
Verbrugge, B.L.P.
2015-01-01
Building on critical perspectives on the state and the informal economy, this article provides an analysis of the “state of the state” on the eastern Mindanao mineral frontier. In the first instance, the author explains that the massive expansion of informal small-scale gold mining, instead of under
Information Divergence and Distance Measures for Quantum States
Jiang, Nan; Zhang, Zhaozhi
2015-02-01
Both information divergence and distance are measures of closeness of two quantum states which are widely used in the theory of information processing and quantum cryptography. For example, the quantum relative entropy and trace distance are well known. Here we introduce a number of new quantum information divergence and distance measures into the literature and discuss their relations and properties. We also propose a method to analyze the properties and relations of various distance and pseudo-distance measures.
Hosur, Pavan; Roberts, Daniel A; Yoshida, Beni
2015-01-01
We study chaos and scrambling in unitary channels by considering their entanglement properties as states. Using out-of-time-order correlation functions to diagnose chaos, we characterize the ability of a channel to process quantum information. We show that the generic decay of such correlators implies that any input subsystem must have near vanishing mutual information with almost all partitions of the output. Additionally, we propose the negativity of the tripartite information of the channel as a general diagnostic of scrambling. This measures the delocalization of information and is closely related to the decay of out-of-time-order correlators. We back up our results with numerics in two non-integrable models and analytic results in a perfect tensor network model of chaotic time evolution. These results show that the butterfly effect in quantum systems implies the information-theoretic definition of scrambling.
Fisher Information and entanglement of non-Gaussian spin states
Strobel, Helmut; Muessel, Wolfgang; Linnemann, Daniel; Zibold, Tilman; Hume, David B.; Pezzè, Luca; Smerzi, Augusto; Oberthaler, Markus K.
2015-01-01
Entanglement is the key quantum resource for improving measurement sensitivity beyond classical limits. However, the production of entanglement in mesoscopic atomic systems has been limited to squeezed states, described by Gaussian statistics. Here we report on the creation and characterization of non-Gaussian many-body entangled states. We develop a general method to extract the Fisher information, which reveals that the quantum dynamics of a classically unstable system creates quantum state...
Information channel effects on women intention to purchase irradiated food in Korea
Byun, Myung-Woo; Oh, Sang-Hee; Kim, Jae-Hun; Yoon, Yohan; Park, Seong-Cheol; Kim, Hak-Soo; Kim, Soon-Bok; Han, Sang-Bae; Lee, Ju-Woon
2009-07-01
Since the first irradiated food was approved and commercialized in 1987, most of Koreans still do not accept the irradiated food until now. It is reasoned that there are the ambiguous fear of nuclear technology and the confusion between irradiated food and radioactive-contaminated food. This investigation was carried out to examine the acknowledgement of irradiated food in Korean housewives and to study how to enhance the intention of purchasing the irradiated food. About 600 Korean housewives participated in the survey on the irradiated food in 2007, more than two-thirds of them were not aware of irradiated food. One hundred and fifty-four women who had known of irradiated food were subjected to an experiment for the source of information about irradiated food (e.g., lecture by an expert, video-watching and book-reading) in order to explore which type of information channel is the most effective in eliciting purchase intention. The result showed that the women group who had heard the lecture by an expert indicated the highest intention to purchase irradiated food, followed by the video-watching and the book-reading groups. In addition, the acceptance of the irradiated food had shown to lead the support for nuclear industry.
D-branes as coherent states in the open string channel
Botta Cantcheff, M.
2008-06-01
We show that bosonic D-branestates may be represented as coherent states in an open string representation. By using the thermo field dynamics (TFD) formalism, we may construct a condensed state of open string modes that encodes the information on the D-braneconfiguration. We also introduce a construction alternative to TFD, which does not require one to assume thermal equilibrium. It is shown that the dynamics of the system combined with the geometric properties of the duplication rules of TFD is sufficient to obtain the thermal states and their analytic continuations in a geometric fashion. We use this approach to show that a bosonic D-branestate in the open string sector may also be built as boundary states in a special sense. Some implications of this study for the interpretation of the open/closed duality and on the kinematic/algebraic structure of an open string field theory are also commented on.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The ion selectivity of a channel can be quantified in several ways by using different experimental protocols. A wide, mesoscopic channel, the OmpF porin of the outer membrane of E. coli, serves as a case study for comparing and analysing several measures of the channel cation-anion permeability in chlorides of alkali metals (LiCl, NaCl, KCl, CsCl). We show how different insights can be gained and integrated to rationalize the global image of channel selectivity. To this end, reversal potential, channel conductance and bi-ionic potential (two different salts with a common anion on each side of the channel but with the same concentration) experiments are discussed in light of an electrodiffusion model based on the Poisson-Nernst-Planck formalism. Measurements and calculations based on the atomic crystal structure of the channel show that each protocol displays a particular balance between the different sources of selectivity.
Holtgräfe, Catherine; Zentes, Joachim
2012-06-01
The growing importance of the Internet as an information and purchasing channel is drawing widespread attention from marketing decision makers. Nevertheless, the relevance of the Internet to the so-called self-medication market in Germany has been paid barely enough attention. Our study aims to contribute insights concerning the penetration of the Internet in this market, as well as to give an overview of the critical determinants of Internet use for non-prescription drug information seeking, such as the accessibility of professional information, trust in health professionals' opinion and the ability to search online, as well as the perceived usefulness and credibility of online non-prescription drug information. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the preferred use of the Internet as a non-prescription drug information source positively influences the choice of unconventional purchase channels for non-prescription drugs and negatively affects the use of stationary pharmacies. PMID:22733678
Fisher-Symmetric Informationally Complete Measurements for Pure States
Li, Nan; Ferrie, Christopher; Gross, Jonathan A.; Kalev, Amir; Caves, Carlton M.
2016-05-01
We introduce a new kind of quantum measurement that is defined to be symmetric in the sense of uniform Fisher information across a set of parameters that uniquely represent pure quantum states in the neighborhood of a fiducial pure state. The measurement is locally informationally complete—i.e., it uniquely determines these parameters, as opposed to distinguishing two arbitrary quantum states—and it is maximal in the sense of a multiparameter quantum Cramér-Rao bound. For a d -dimensional quantum system, requiring only local informational completeness allows us to reduce the number of outcomes of the measurement from a minimum close to but below 4 d -3 , for the usual notion of global pure-state informational completeness, to 2 d -1 .
Holographic entanglement and causal information in coherent states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Scalar solitons in global AdS4 are holographically dual to coherent states carrying a non-trivial condensate of a scalar operator. We study the holographic information content of these states, focusing on a particular spatial region, by examining the entanglement entropy and causal holographic information. We show generically that whenever the dimension of the condensed operator is sufficiently low (characterized by the double-trace operator becoming relevant), such coherent states have lower entanglement and causal holographic information than the vacuum state of the system, despite having greater energy. We also use these geometries to illustrate the fact that causal wedges associated with a simply-connected boundary region can have non-trivial topology even in causally trivial spacetimes
Discrete-state model of coupled ion permeation and fast gating in ClC chloride channels
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A simple discrete-state model of ion permeation through a channel protein is considered in which the flow of ions through the open channel is coupled to the opening/closing of a gate by virtue of configurational changes in a particular pore-lining amino acid residue. The model is designed so as to represent essential features of ClC chloride channels, in which a particular glutamate residue (E148 in bacterial ClC channels) is thought to switch from a conformation that is pinned back (away from the pore itself) to one where this side group blocks the channel at a Cl- binding site. Thus, competition between the gate residue and Cl- ions for this site leads to interesting kinetics, such as the saturation of the gate closing time with increasing concentration of internal Cl- concentration. Analysis of the model proposed here shows that it can account for many qualitative features of ion channel permeation and gate closing rates in ClC-type channels observed experimentally and in recent computer simulations of these processes
Missouri state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and rgulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Missouri. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; a description of the organization and structure of local governments affected by remedial action at the St. Louis area sites; a summary of relevant local ordinances and regulations; an identification of relevant public interest groups; a list of radio stations, television stations and newspapers that provide public information to the St. Louis area or to Jefferson City; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Missouri State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Missouri. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; a description of the organization and structure of local governments affected by remedial action at the St. Louis area sites; a summary of relevant local ordinances and regulations; an identification of relevant public interest groups; a list of radio stations, television stations, and newspapers that provide public information to the St. Louis area or to Jefferson City; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
Missouri State information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1980-12-31
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of Missouri. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; a description of the organization and structure of local governments affected by remedial action at the St. Louis area sites; a summary of relevant local ordinances and regulations; an identification of relevant public interest groups; a list of radio stations, television stations, and newspapers that provide public information to the St. Louis area or to Jefferson City; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Entanglement and purity of two-mode Gaussian states in noisy channels
Serafini, A.; Illuminati, F.; M. Paris; De Siena, S.
2003-01-01
We study the evolution of purity, entanglement and total correlations of general two--mode Gaussian states of continuous variable systems in arbitrary uncorrelated Gaussian environments. The time evolution of purity, Von Neumann entropy, logarithmic negativity and mutual information is analyzed for a wide range of initial conditions. In general, we find that a local squeezing of the bath leads to a faster degradation of purity and entanglement, while it can help to preserve the mutual informa...
Anita Papić; Tomislav Jakopec; Milijana Mičunović
2012-01-01
The paper provides an overview of the so-called information revolutions, with a special emphasis on the spreading of communication channels. The notion 'information revolution' is used conditionally – not in the sense of disruptive changes in communication models, but in the sense of expansion of communication possibilities. The revolutions were identified using Irving E. Fang's criteria. He defined six revolutions: writing, printing, mass media, using media for entertainment, the 'toolshe...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
This paper presents a scheme for probabilistic teleportation of an arbitrary GHZ-class state with a pure entangled two-particle quantum channel. The sender Alice first teleports the coefficients of the unknown state to the receiver Bob, and then Bob reconstructs the state with an auxiliary particle and some unitary operations if the teleportation succeeds. This scheme has the advantage of transmitting much less particles for teleporting an arbitrary GHZ-class state than others. Moreover, it discusses the application of this scheme in quantum state sharing.
Compressing Mixed-State Sources by Sending Classical Information
Soljanin, E
2001-01-01
We consider visible compression for discrete memoryless sources of mixed quantum states when only classical information can be sent from Alice to Bob. We assume that Bob knows the source statistics, and that Alice and Bob have identical random number generators. We put in an information theoretic framework some recent results on visible compression for sources of states with commuting density operators, and remove the commutativity requirement. We derive a general achievable compression rate, which is for the noncommutative case still higher than the known lower bound. We also present several related problems of classical information theory, and show how they can be used to answer some questions of the mixed state compression problem.
Is Information Science an Anomalous State of Knowledge
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hollnagel, E.
This paper looks at some of the problems in information science from the experience with similar problems in psycho logy. The apparent need for a set of rigorous definitions of the basic concepts is discussed, and it is argued that although this is necessary for the natural sciences it is not...... necessary for sciences which concern themselves with behavioral phenomena which have a prior description in natural language. It is further argued that information science should be more interested in uncertainty than in information, and it is shown how the Anomalous State of Knowledge (ASK) paradigm may be...... used to describe itself, hence also informa tion science. It is finally concluded that by turning to problems of uncertainty and lack of information, rather than information, information science may avoid many of the mistakes made by psychology....
Continuous variable quantum information: Gaussian states and beyond
Adesso, Gerardo; Lee, Antony R
2014-01-01
The study of Gaussian states has arisen to a privileged position in continuous variable quantum information in recent years. This is due to vehemently pursued experimental realisations and a magnificently elegant mathematical framework. In this article, we provide a brief, and hopefully didactic, exposition of Gaussian state quantum information and its contemporary uses, including sometimes omitted crucial details. After introducing the subject material and outlining the essential toolbox of continuous variable systems, we define the basic notions needed to understand Gaussian states and Gaussian operations. In particular, emphasis is placed on the mathematical structure combining notions of algebra and symplectic geometry fundamental to a complete understanding of Gaussian informatics. Furthermore, we discuss the quantification of different forms of correlations (including entanglement and quantum discord) for Gaussian states, paying special attention to recently developed measures. The manuscript is conclud...
Sodium Channels: Ionic Model of Slow Inactivation and State-Dependent Drug Binding
Tikhonov, Denis B.; Zhorov, Boris S.
2007-01-01
Inactivation is a fundamental property of voltage-gated ion channels. Fast inactivation of Na+ channels involves channel block by the III–IV cytoplasmic interdomain linker. The mechanisms of nonfast types of inactivation (intermediate, slow, and ultraslow) are unclear, although the ionic environment and P-loops rearrangement appear to be involved. In this study, we employed a TTX-based P-loop domain model of a sodium channel and the MCM method to investigate a possible role of P-loop rearrang...
Remote atomic information concentration without Bell-state measurement
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wu Zhen-Zhen; Fang Mao-Fa
2006-01-01
This paper proposes a scheme for information concentration of two remote two-level atoms in cavity QED. This scheme does not involve the Bell-state measurement. During the interaction between atom and cavity, the cavity frequency is large-detuned from the atomic transition frequency, thus the scheme is insensitive to both the cavity decay and the thermal field. This idea can directly be generalized in the case of multi-atom information concentration.
Quantum information processing using designed defect states in
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pedersen, Jesper; Flindt, Christian; Mortensen, Niels Asger; Jauho, Antti-Pekka
2007-01-01
We propose a new physical implementation of spin qubits for quantum information processing, namely defect states in antidot lattices de¯ned in the two-dimensional electron gas at a semiconductor heterostructure. Calculations of the band structure of the periodic antidot lattice are presented. A......-coupled defect states is calculated numerically.We ¯nd results reminiscent of double quantum dot structures, indicating that the suggested structure is a feasible physical implementation of spin qubits....
DEFINITION INFORMATIVE INDICATORS OF HUMAN FUNCTIONAL STATE DURING LASER THERAPY
Tymchik, Gregory; Osadchiy, Oleksandr; Chupika, Bohdan
2014-01-01
This article is about determination informative indicators of human functional state at laser therapy.Laser therapy occupies a special place among non-drug treatments. An important characteristic of such an impact is to assess the physiological state of man. The aim is to determine the efficiency of laser sensitivity by analyzing the structural and spectral characteristics of photoplethysmogram. The article describes the main indicators, namely the degree of blood supply providing organs and ...
Branding and Channel Issues in E-commerce from an Information System’s Perspective
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Rina; Tambo, Torben
2011-01-01
E-commerce has matured and become mainstream. The fashion industry is now competing strongly in the digital markets. Beside traditional web-shops, new sales and branding channels are emerging e.g. M-commerce (mobile); social commerce; marketplaces; gaming etc. E-commerce and multi-channel retailing...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The gamma-scanning and neutron radiography methods are described used for non-destructive control of fuel elements after their test in the loop channels of MR reactor, and also the equipment utilized. The techniques and the results obtained while studying fuel elements using the above mentioned methods are provided. It is established that gamma-scanning method can only indicate the presence of defect in the continuity of the fuel element core without identifying its type whereas the advantage of neutron radiography method is in obtaining visual results. At the same time gamma-scanning method makes it possible to determine energy release on the length of fuel elements, to find the burn up fraction, to study the phenomenon of fusion products migration which is difficult or impossible with neutron radiography method. A conclusion is drawn that gamma-scanning and neutron radiography methods successfully supplement each other and make it possible to obtain important information on fuel state in the irradiated fuel elements
The $s$-channel Charged Higgs in the Fully Hadronic Final State at LHC
Ahmed, Ijaz
2016-01-01
With the current measurements performed by CMS and ATLAS experiments, the light charged Higgs scenario ($m_{H^{\\pm}}$ $<$ 160 GeV), is excluded for most of the parameter space in the context of MSSM. However, there is still possibility to look for heavy charged Higgs boson particularly in the $s$-channel single top production process where the charged Higgs may appear as a heavy resonance state and decay to $t\\bar{b}$. The production process under consideration in this paper is $pp \\ra H^{\\pm} \\ra t\\bar{b}~+~h.c.$, where the top quark decays to $W^{+}b$ and $W^{+}$ boson subsequently decays to two light jets. It is shown that despite the presence of large QCD and electroweak background events, the charged Higgs signal can be extracted and observed at a large area of MSSM parameter space ($m_{H^{\\pm}}$,tan$\\beta$) at LHC. The observability of charged Higgs is potentially demonstrated with 5$\\sigma$ contours and $95\\%$ confidence level exclusion curves at different integrated LHC luminosities assuming a nomi...
A collective coupled-channel model and mirror state energy displacements
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The spectra of nucleon-nucleus mirror systems allow examination of charge symmetry breaking in nucleon-nucleus interactions. To date, such examination has been performed with studies using microscopic models of structure. Herein we seek characterisation with a coupled-channel model in which the nucleon-nucleus interactions are described using a collective model prescription with the Pauli principle taken into account. The neutron-nucleus Hamiltonian is chosen to give the best match to the compound system spectrum, with emphasis on finding the correct ground state energy relative to the neutron-nucleus threshold. The Coulomb interactions for the proton-nucleus partner of a mirror pair are determined using charge distributions that match the root-mean-square charge radii of the nuclei in question. With the Coulomb interaction so defined modifying the neutron-nucleus Hamiltonian, we then predict a spectrum for the relevant proton-nucleus compound. Discrepancies in that resulting spectrum with measured values we tentatively ascribe to charge-symmetry breaking effects. We consider spectra obtained in this way for the mirror pairs 13C and 13N, 15C and 15F, and 15O and 15N, all to ∝ 10 MeV excitation. (orig.)
A collective coupled-channel model and mirror state energy displacements
Fraser, P. R.; Amos, K.; Canton, L.; Karataglidis, S.; van der Knijff, D.; Svenne, J. P.
2015-09-01
The spectra of nucleon-nucleus mirror systems allow examination of charge symmetry breaking in nucleon-nucleus interactions. To date, such examination has been performed with studies using microscopic models of structure. Herein we seek characterisation with a coupled-channel model in which the nucleon-nucleus interactions are described using a collective model prescription with the Pauli principle taken into account. The neutron-nucleus Hamiltonian is chosen to give the best match to the compound system spectrum, with emphasis on finding the correct ground state energy relative to the neutron-nucleus threshold. The Coulomb interactions for the proton-nucleus partner of a mirror pair are determined using charge distributions that match the root-mean-square charge radii of the nuclei in question. With the Coulomb interaction so defined modifying the neutron-nucleus Hamiltonian, we then predict a spectrum for the relevant proton-nucleus compound. Discrepancies in that resulting spectrum with measured values we tentatively ascribe to charge-symmetry breaking effects. We consider spectra obtained in this way for the mirror pairs 13C and 13N, 15C and 15F, and 15O and 15N, all to ˜ 10 MeV excitation.
Search for narrow pion-proton states in s-channel at EPECUR: experiment status
Alekseev, I G; Bordyuzhin, I G; Budkovsky, P Ye; Fedin, D A; Filimonov, Ye A; Golubev, V V; Kanavets, V P; Koroleva, L I; Kovalev, A I; Kozlenko, N G; Kozlov, V S; Krivshich, A G; Morozov, B V; Nesterov, V M; Novinsky, D V; Ryltsov, V V; Sadler, M; Sulimov, A D; Sumachev, V V; Svirida, D N; Tarakanov, V I; Trautman, V Yu
2009-01-01
An experiment EPECUR, aimed at the search of the cryptoexotic non-strange member of the pentaquark antidecuplet, started its operation at a pion beam line of the ITEP 10 GeV proton synchrotron. The invariant mass range of the interest (1610-1770) MeV will be scanned for a narrow state in the pion-proton and kaon-lambda systems in the formation-type experiment. The scan in the s-channel is supposed to be done by the variation of the incident pi- momentum and its measurement with the accuracy of up to 0.1% with a set of 1 mm pitch proportional chambers located in the first focus of the beam line. The reactions under the study will be identified by a magnetless spectrometer based on wire drift chambers with a hexagonal structure. Because the background suppression in this experiment depends on the angular resolution, the amount of matter in the chambers and setup is minimized to reduce multiple scattering. The differential cross section of the elastic pi-p-scattering on a liquid hydrogen target in the region of ...
The s-channel charged Higgs in the fully hadronic final state at LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ahmed, Ijaz [University of Malaya, National Center for Particle Physics, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Hashemi, Majid [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tajuddin, Wan Ahmad [University of Malaya, National Center for Particle Physics, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
2016-04-15
With the current measurements performed by CMS and ATLAS experiments, the light charged Higgs scenario (m{sub H}{sup {sub ±}} < 160 GeV), is excluded for most of the parameter space in the context of MSSM. However, there is still possibility to look for heavy charged Higgs boson particularly in the s-channel single top production process where the charged Higgs may appear as a heavy resonance state and decay to t anti b. The production process under consideration in this paper is pp → H{sup ±} → t anti b + h.c., where the top quark decays to W{sup +}b and W{sup +} boson subsequently decays to two light jets. It is shown that despite the presence of large QCD and electroweak background events, the charged Higgs signal can be extracted and observed at a large area of MSSM parameter space (m{sub H}{sup {sub ±}}, tanβ) at LHC. The observability of charged Higgs is potentially demonstrated with 5σ contours and 95% confidence level exclusion curves at different integrated LHC luminosities assuming a nominal center of mass energy of √(s) = 14 TeV. (orig.)
Schulte, D J; van Hoek, A N
1997-09-01
Aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) or CHIP28 occurs in glycosylated (glyCHIP) and non-glycosylated (CHIP) forms and solubilization in octyl-beta-D-glucoside (OG) results in a tight association of glyCHIP and CHIP to form a heterodimer. The tight association did not permit separation of the two forms by affinity chromatography. We examined the mechanism of the tight association by enzymatic removal of sugar moieties, utilized organic solvents for preferential solubilization and purified CHIP28 from six mammals for inspection of glycosylation and association state in OG. Removal of terminal saccharides sustained the dimeric state of human CHIP28, while endo-glycosidases induced the transition into monomers, without leaving an affinity tag for separation purposes. Separation was achieved by preferential solubilization of non-glycosylated CHIP28 in CHCl3/MeOH/H2O mixtures. The two CHIP28 forms were solubilized in SDS, chromatographed in OG, and reconstituted into proteoliposomes; pf values were 1.5 and 1.6 x 10(-14) cm3/s (10 degrees C). Among erythrocytes from cow, pig, sheep, rabbit, dog, and horse CHIP28, one out of two molecules was glycosylated and High Performance Size Exclusion Chromatography (HPSEC) analysis also indicated heterodimers in OG; functional analysis of reconstituted proteoliposomes gave single channel water permeabilities, pf's, ranging from 2.0-3.4 x 10(-14) cm3/s (10 degrees C). The results indicate that CHIP28 structure, function, and association in OG are conserved among mammals and establish procedures to obtain glycosylated and non-glycosylated CHIP28 in functional form. PMID:9417990
State preparation for quantum information science and metrology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Samblowski, Aiko
2012-06-08
The precise preparation of non-classical states of light is a basic requirement for performing quantum information tasks and quantum metrology. Depending on the assignment, the range of required states varies from preparing and modifying squeezed states to generating bipartite entanglement and establishing multimode entanglement networks. Every state needs special preparation techniques and hence it is important to develop the experimental expertise to generate all states with the desired degree of accuracy. In this thesis, the experimental preparation of different kinds of non-classical states of light is demonstrated. Starting with a multimode entangled state, the preparation of an unconditionally generated bound entangled state of light of unprecedented accuracy is shown. Its existence is of fundamental interest, since it certifies an intrinsic irreversibility of entanglement and suggests a connection with thermodynamics. The state is created in a network of linear optics, utilizing optical parametric amplifiers, operated below threshold, beam splitters and phase gates. The experimental platform developed here afforded the precise and stable control of all experimental parameters. Focusing on the aspect of quantum information networks, the generation of suitable bipartite entangled states of light is desirable. The optical connection between atomic transitions and light that can be transmitted via telecommunications fibers opens the possibility to employ quantum memories within fiber networks. For this purpose, a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator is operated above threshold and the generation of bright bipartite entanglement between its twin beams at the wavelengths of 810 nm and 1550 nm is demonstrated. In the field of metrology, quantum states are used to enhance the measurement precision of interferometric gravitational wave (GW) detectors. Recently, the sensitivity of a GW detector operated at a wavelength of 1064 nm was increased using squeezed
State preparation for quantum information science and metrology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The precise preparation of non-classical states of light is a basic requirement for performing quantum information tasks and quantum metrology. Depending on the assignment, the range of required states varies from preparing and modifying squeezed states to generating bipartite entanglement and establishing multimode entanglement networks. Every state needs special preparation techniques and hence it is important to develop the experimental expertise to generate all states with the desired degree of accuracy. In this thesis, the experimental preparation of different kinds of non-classical states of light is demonstrated. Starting with a multimode entangled state, the preparation of an unconditionally generated bound entangled state of light of unprecedented accuracy is shown. Its existence is of fundamental interest, since it certifies an intrinsic irreversibility of entanglement and suggests a connection with thermodynamics. The state is created in a network of linear optics, utilizing optical parametric amplifiers, operated below threshold, beam splitters and phase gates. The experimental platform developed here afforded the precise and stable control of all experimental parameters. Focusing on the aspect of quantum information networks, the generation of suitable bipartite entangled states of light is desirable. The optical connection between atomic transitions and light that can be transmitted via telecommunications fibers opens the possibility to employ quantum memories within fiber networks. For this purpose, a non-degenerate optical parametric oscillator is operated above threshold and the generation of bright bipartite entanglement between its twin beams at the wavelengths of 810 nm and 1550 nm is demonstrated. In the field of metrology, quantum states are used to enhance the measurement precision of interferometric gravitational wave (GW) detectors. Recently, the sensitivity of a GW detector operated at a wavelength of 1064 nm was increased using squeezed
Yilmaz, Ferkan
2011-01-01
Relay technology has recently gained great interest in millimeter wave (60 GHz or above) radio frequencies as a promising transmission technique improving the quality of service, providing high data rate, and extending the coverage area without additional transmit power in deeply shadowed wireless environments. The performance of relay-based systems depends considerably on which relay selection protocols are used. These protocols are typically using the channel side information (CSI). Specifically, the relay terminal (RT) is chosen among all available RTs by a centralized entity (CE) which receives all RTs' CSI via feedback channels. However, in the millimeter wave radio frequencies, the rate of the variation of the CSI is much higher than that of a classical system operating in 6 GHz frequencies under the same mobility conditions, which evidently results in a serious problem causing outdated (inaccurate) CSI for the relay selection protocol at the CE since the feedback channels have a backhaul / transmission...
Generation of optical coherent state superpositions for quantum information processing
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tipsmark, Anders
2012-01-01
I dette projektarbejde med titlen “Generation of optical coherent state superpositions for quantum information processing” har målet været at generere optiske kat-tilstande. Dette er en kvantemekanisk superpositions tilstand af to koherente tilstande med stor amplitude. Sådan en tilstand er...
Fisher Information and entanglement of non-Gaussian spin states
Strobel, Helmut; Linnemann, Daniel; Zibold, Tilman; Hume, David B; Pezzè, Luca; Smerzi, Augusto; Oberthaler, Markus K
2015-01-01
Entanglement is the key quantum resource for improving measurement sensitivity beyond classical limits. However, the production of entanglement in mesoscopic atomic systems has been limited to squeezed states, described by Gaussian statistics. Here we report on the creation and characterization of non-Gaussian many-body entangled states. We develop a general method to extract the Fisher information, which reveals that the quantum dynamics of a classically unstable system creates quantum states that are not spin squeezed but nevertheless entangled. The extracted Fisher information quantifies metrologically useful entanglement which we confirm by Bayesian phase estimation with sub shot-noise sensitivity. These methods are scalable to large particle numbers and applicable directly to other quantum systems.
Yu, Yang; Bing-Zhong, Wang; Shuai, Ding
2016-05-01
Utilizing channel reciprocity, time reversal (TR) technique increases the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the receiver with very low transmitter complexity in complex multipath environment. Present research works about TR multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication all focus on the system implementation and network building. The aim of this work is to analyze the influence of antenna coupling on the capacity of wideband TR MIMO system, which is a realistic question in designing a practical communication system. It turns out that antenna coupling stabilizes the capacity in a small variation range with statistical wideband channel response. Meanwhile, antenna coupling only causes a slight detriment to the channel capacity in a wideband TR MIMO system. Comparatively, uncorrelated stochastic channels without coupling exhibit a wider range of random capacity distribution which greatly depends on the statistical channel. The conclusions drawn from information difference entropy theory provide a guideline for designing better high-performance wideband TR MIMO communication systems. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61331007, 61361166008, and 61401065) and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20120185130001).
Bich Cao, Thi; Hop Nguyen, Van; Nguyen, Ba An
2016-06-01
Transferring a quantum state from one location to another without physically sending the state itself through open space is a special global task that can only be carried out thanks to the laws of nature, namely the principles of quantum mechanics. In this work, we devise protocols for two senders to jointly prepare the most general two-qubit state for a receiver under the supervision of a controller by using three different types of quantum channels, all of which are non-maximally entangled. First, we propose the schemes to produce the quantum channels concerned, and then we present the concrete steps required to execute the protocols, highlighting the issue of why shared non-maximal entanglement is intentionally used instead of maximal entanglement.
2013-03-14
... Disclosure of State Unemployment Compensation Information Final Rule and State Income and Eligibility... Disclosure of State Unemployment Compensation Information final rule and State Income and Eligibility... comments to the Employment and Training Administration, Office of Unemployment Insurance, 200...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A criterion for he tquantum teleportation of an arbitrary N-particle state via a 2N-particle quantum channel is presented by introducing a term of the “judgment operator. Using the criterion, not only the qualitative judgment of the possibility of successful teleportation can be made but also the quantitative calculation of the probability of successful teleportation can be explicitly given. In addition, a new genuine four-qubit entangled state is proposed, which could not belong to the category of previously known states under stochastic local operations and classical communication. (general)
Kopljar, Ivan; Labro, Alain J; de Block, Tessa; Rainier, Jon D; Tytgat, Jan; Snyders, Dirk J
2013-03-01
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) and sodium (Nav) channels are key determinants of cellular excitability and serve as targets of neurotoxins. Most marine ciguatoxins potentiate Nav channels and cause ciguatera seafood poisoning. Several ciguatoxins have also been shown to affect Kv channels, and we showed previously that the ladder-shaped polyether toxin gambierol is a potent Kv channel inhibitor. Most likely, gambierol acts via a lipid-exposed binding site, located outside the K(+) permeation pathway. However, the mechanism by which gambierol inhibits Kv channels remained unknown. Using gating and ionic current analysis to investigate how gambierol affected S6 gate opening and voltage-sensing domain (VSD) movements, we show that the resting (closed) channel conformation forms the high-affinity state for gambierol. The voltage dependence of activation was shifted by >120 mV in the depolarizing direction, precluding channel opening in the physiological voltage range. The (early) transitions between the resting and the open state were monitored with gating currents, and provided evidence that strong depolarizations allowed VSD movement up to the activated-not-open state. However, for transition to the fully open (ion-conducting) state, the toxin first needed to dissociate. These dissociation kinetics were markedly accelerated in the activated-not-open state, presumably because this state displayed a much lower affinity for gambierol. A tetrameric concatemer with only one high-affinity binding site still displayed high toxin sensitivity, suggesting that interaction with a single binding site prevented the concerted step required for channel opening. We propose a mechanism whereby gambierol anchors the channel's gating machinery in the resting state, requiring more work from the VSD to open the channel. This mechanism is quite different from the action of classical gating modifier peptides (e.g., hanatoxin). Therefore, polyether toxins open new opportunities in structure
Hayashi, Masahito
2012-01-01
A usual code for quantum wiretap channel requires an auxiliary random variable subject to the perfect uniform distribution. However, it is difficult to prepare such an auxiliary random variable. We propose a code that requires only an auxiliary random variable subject to a non-uniform distribution instead of the perfect uniform distribution. Further, we evaluate the exponential decreasing rate of leaked information and derive its equivocation rate.
Information Gain vs. State Disturbance in Quantum Theory
Fuchs, C
1996-01-01
The engine that powers quantum cryptography is the principle that there are no physical means for gathering information about the identity of a quantum system's state (when it is known to be prepared in one of a set of nonorthogonal states) without disturbing the system in a statistically detectable way. This situation is often mistakenly described as a consequence of the "Heisenberg uncertainty principle.'' A more accurate account is that it is a unique feature of quantum phenomena that rests ultimately on the Hilbert space structure of the theory along with the fact that time evolutions for isolated systems are unitary. In this paper we shall explore several aspects of the information--disturbance principle in an attempt to make it firmly quantitative and flesh out its significance for quantum theory as a whole.
Improving Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen steering inequalities with state information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We discuss the relationship between entropic Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR)-steering inequalities and their underlying uncertainty relations along with the hypothesis that improved uncertainty relations lead to tighter EPR-steering inequalities. In particular, we discuss how using information about the state of a quantum system affects one's ability to witness EPR-steering. As an example, we consider the recent improvement to the entropic uncertainty relation between pairs of discrete observables (Berta et al., 2010 [10]). By considering the assumptions that enter into the development of a steering inequality, we derive correct steering inequalities from these improved uncertainty relations and find that they are identical to ones already developed (Schneeloch et al., 2013 [9]). In addition, we consider how one can use state information to improve our ability to witness EPR-steering, and develop a new continuous variable symmetric EPR-steering inequality as a result.
Information contents and architectural requirements of observer "ready" states
Fields, Chris
2009-01-01
A functional analysis of the task of observing multiple macroscopic quantum systems over an extended period of time and then reporting the accumulated results is used to investigate the information that must be encoded in the "ready" state |O^r> of any finite, macroscopic observer O capable of performing this task. Decoherence considerations show that this task can be considered as involving local observations under classical conditions (LOCC), allowing the use of classical automata theory to...
Formal and Informal Volunteering in a State Friendly Society
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Henriksen, Lars Skov; Rosdahl, David; Koch-Nielsen, Inger
Citizens’ civic engagement and participation in voluntary associations is shaped by several factors, some of which are institutional while others are characteristics about the individual and the environment to which s/he belongs. Based on a comprehensive population survey carried out as part of t...... Danish Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project, this article explores determinants of formal and informal volunteering in a ‘state friendly society’ like the Danish....
Al-Robaiaat, Menwer Ghaiaad
2006-01-01
This study aims to explore the importance of international satellite television channels and the internet for Jordanian students at the State Universities. It explores the impact on students' perceptions. The study pursued its aims through the use of 1150 subjects and 28 individual interviews, 14 interviews for the satellite part and 14 for the internet part. The study consisted of sample male and female students who were on role for the academic year 2000/2001 at the three mai...
Entorf, Horst; Winker, Peter
2005-01-01
The rising trends both in drug addiction and crime rates are of major public concern in Germany. Surprisingly, the economic theory of crime seems to ignore the drugs/crime nexus, whereas the criminological lit- erature considers illicit drug use a main reason of criminal activities. This paper provides an econometric assessment of the drugs/crime channel within a Becker/Ehrlich model of crime supply. Estimation with panel data from the German states allows us to take into account further fact...
Kurosaki, Yuzuru; Ho, Tak-San; Rabitz, Herschel
2016-05-01
The prospect of performing the open → cyclic ozone isomerization has attracted much research attention. Here we explore this consideration theoretically by performing quantum optimal control calculations to demonstrate the important role that excited-state dissociation channels could play in the isomerization transformation. In the calculations we use a three-state, one-dimensional dynamical model constructed from the lowest five 1A‧ potential energy curves obtained with high-level ab initio calculations. Besides the laser field-dipole couplings between all three states, this model also includes the diabatic coupling between the two excited states at an avoided crossing leading to competing dissociation channels that can further hinder the isomerization process. The present three-state optimal control simulations examine two possible control pathways previously considered in a two-state model, and reveal that only one of the pathways is viable, achieving a robust ∼95% yield to the cyclic target in the three-state model. This work represents a step towards an ultimate model for the open → cyclic ozone transformation capable of giving adequate guidance about the necessary experimental control field resources as well as an estimate of the ro-vibronic spectral character of cyclic ozone as a basis for an appropriate probe of its formation.
Telemetry and Information Technologies in Diagnosis of Sportsmen Functional State
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Polevaya S.А.
2012-12-01
Full Text Available The aim of the investigation was to develop the instrumental methods for a full assessment of sportsmen functional state in the process of training and competition activity. Materials and Methods. 57 sportsmen (professional athletes and amateur sportsmen aged 14–24 years participated in the survey; 20 from them were female, and 37 male. In the study the following techniques were used: computer laterometry, computer campimetry, wireless (telemetry cardiointervalography. The results were processed using standard methods of parametric and nonparametric statistics. Results. There has been stated that computer laterometry enables to reveal cognitive strain in training time that can be a marker of “ineffective” state. Computer campimetry findings give the evidence of emotional state change on exertion. However, the most informative indicator of a sportsman functional state is the total power of heart rate variability spectrum. The comparison of the results obtained using the full assessment with clinical data of professional sportsmen of the experimental group showed continuous monitoring of heart rate in the process of training to be an effective screening technique of cardiovascular diseases. The application of wireless cardiointervalography enabled to monitor the sportsmen state effectively and noninvasively at all the stages of training and competition process.
Numerical analysis of steady state fluid flow in a two-dimensional wavy channel
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A simple geometry of the flow passage that may be used to enhance the heat transfer rate is called wavy and periodic channel. Wavy channel can provide significant heat transfer augmentation and was always important for heat transfer engineering and so far many researches have been done in this field. In this paper, the effects of channel geometry and Reynolds number on the heat transfer coefficient, heat flux and pressure drop for the laminar fully developed flow in a two dimensional channel whereas the walls are considered fix temperature is numerically investigated. The problem is solved for channel with one and two wavy walls and comparisons with the straight channel, in the same flow rate, have been performed. Results indicate that, by decreasing the channel wave length and the distance between the channel walls the pressure drop, heat flux and heat transfer coefficient increase. Results and Conclusions: The following conclusion may be drawn: 1. In a specified channel, for the fluid flow with the constant Reynolds number, by decreasing the wave length from 0.2 m to 0.1 m, the pressure drop, heat flux and heat transfer coefficient increase by 37% , 54% and 29% respectively, whereas by decreasing the wave length from the same value the above mentioned parameters decrease to 108% , 143% and 47% respectively. 2. In a specified wave length, where the amplitude and the Reynolds number is constant, by increasing the distance between the walls from 0.15 m to 0.25 m, the pressure drop, heat flux and heat transfer coefficient decrease by 41% ,8% and 7.8% respectively. References [1] J.C. Burns, T. Parks, J. Fluid Mesh, 29(1967), 405-416. [2] J.L. Goldestein, E.M. Sparrow, ASME J. Heat Transfer, 99 (1977), 187. [3] J.E.O. Brain, E.M. Sparrow, ASME J. Heat Transfer, 104 (1982), 410 [4] N. Sanie, S. Dini, ASME J. Heat Transfer, 115 (1993), 788. [5] G. Wang, P. Vanka, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 38 (17) (1995), 3219. [6] T.A. Rush, T.A. Newell, A.M. Jacobi, Int, J. Heat Mass
Case Study: The State of Information Systems in Queensland Universities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Robert W Smyth
2006-11-01
Full Text Available nature of the state. Relative to its population, Queensland has a large number of universities, each of which is engaged in Information Systems teaching and research. The study reveals little evidence of a distinctive Queensland-flavour of Information Systems. Rather, there is a diversity of curriculum approaches and an equally broad range of research foci and approaches to research. Two of the state’s regional universities are notable for the relative strength of their IS presence, in terms of number of IS staff, number of IS students and range of campuses across which IS is taught. The breadth of topics and approaches to IS in Queensland is evidenced by the existence of separate, competing IS groups in two of the largest universities; in each case, one of the IS groups is highly technical in orientation while the other is Business oriented. Across the nine Queensland universities there is wide variability in terms of the administrative location of the Information Systems academic staff in the university structure. The study assesses the state of IS in Queensland universities in relation to criteria indicative of the maturity of a discipline. Measured against these criteria, Information Systems in Queensland universities cannot be considered a mature, distinct academic discipline.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guilherme Soares
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Based on a survey of 505 corporate clients from the information technology industry, this study uses a logit statistical model to analyze whether such factors as loyalty, trust, client importance, intimacy between customer and supplier and the cost of changing suppliers may affect the choice of the marketing channel used by the client. The results show that the greater intimacy between a supplier and a corporate client is a determining factor for the client’s preference for being served by the manufacturer rather than an intermediary. In contrast, clients’ perception of their own importance to the supplier is not very relevant to their preference for being served directly by the manufacturer, and the other factors were not identified as (statistically important determinants of the choice of the marketing channel. These results suggest that the real advantage of the direct sales channel over the indirect sales channel lies in its ability to strengthen the client-manufacturer relationship, thereby contributing to the development of solutions that better serve the needs of corporate clients.
van Bemmelen, Miguel Xavier; Huser, Delphine; Gautschi, Ivan; Schild, Laurent
2015-01-01
The chicken acid-sensing ion channel ASIC1 has been crystallized as a homotrimer. We address here the oligomeric state of the functional ASIC1 in situ at the cell surface. The oligomeric states of functional ASIC1a and mutants with additional cysteines introduced in the extracellular pore vestibule were resolved on SDS-PAGE. The functional ASIC1 complexes were stabilized at the cell surface of Xenopus laevis oocytes or CHO cells either using the sulfhydryl crosslinker BMOE, or sodium tetrathionate (NaTT). Under these different crosslinking conditions ASIC1a migrates as four distinct oligomeric states that correspond by mass to multiples of a single ASIC1a subunit. The relative importance of each of the four ASIC1a oligomers was critically dependent on the availability of cysteines in the transmembrane domain for crosslinking, consistent with the presence of ASIC1a homo-oligomers. The expression of ASIC1a monomers, trimeric or tetrameric concatemeric cDNA constructs resulted in functional channels. The resulting ASIC1a complexes are resolved as a predominant tetramer over the other oligomeric forms, after stabilization with BMOE or NaTT and SDS-PAGE/western blot analysis. Our data identify a major ASIC1a homotetramer at the surface membrane of the cell expressing functional ASIC1a channel. PMID:26252376
van Bemmelen, Miguel Xavier; Huser, Delphine; Gautschi, Ivan; Schild, Laurent
2015-01-01
The chicken acid-sensing ion channel ASIC1 has been crystallized as a homotrimer. We address here the oligomeric state of the functional ASIC1 in situ at the cell surface. The oligomeric states of functional ASIC1a and mutants with additional cysteines introduced in the extracellular pore vestibule were resolved on SDS-PAGE. The functional ASIC1 complexes were stabilized at the cell surface of Xenopus laevis oocytes or CHO cells either using the sulfhydryl crosslinker BMOE, or sodium tetrathi...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Reda S. Tantawi
2003-01-01
The influence of the electric charge of both the projectile and the target nucleus on the cross section of the inelastic collision of protons and antiprotons with atoms is investigated at energies ranging from i to 2500 KeV. The impact parameter method is used to analyse the cross sections of the excitation of the n = 3 states of H atom and He+, Li2+ ions being initially in the excited 2s states. The calculated cross sections for hydrogen atoms are compared with the other theoretical results based on coupled-channels methods.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Byrnett, D. S.; Mulholland, D.; Zinsmeister, E.; Doris, E.; Milbrandt, A.; Robichaud. R.; Stanley, R.; Vimmerstedt, L.
2009-09-01
One renewable energy option that states frequently consider to meet their clean energy goals is the use of biomass resources to develop bioenergy. Bioenergy includes bioheat, biopower, biofuels, and bioproducts. This document provides an overview of biomass feedstocks, basic information about biomass conversion technologies, and a discussion of benefits and challenges of bioenergy options. The Primer includes a step-wise framework, resources, and tools for determining the availability of feedstocks, assessing potential markets for biomass, and identifying opportunities for action at the state level. Each chapter contains a list of selected resources and tools that states can use to explore topics in further detail.
Zaidi, Abdellatif; Shamai, Shlomo
2011-01-01
We consider a two-user state-dependent multiaccess channel in which the states of the channel are known non-causally to one of the encoders and only strictly causally to the other encoder. Both encoders transmit a common message and, in addition, the encoder that knows the states non-causally transmits an individual message. We study the capacity region of this communication model. In the discrete memoryless case, we establish inner and outer bounds on the capacity region. Although the encoder that sends both messages knows the states fully, we show that the strictly causal knowledge of these states at the other encoder can be beneficial for this encoder, and in general enlarges the capacity region. Furthermore, we find an explicit characterization of the capacity in the case in which the two encoders transmit only the common message. In the Gaussian case, we characterize the capacity region for the model with individual message as well. Our converse proof in this case shows that, for this model, strictly cau...
He, Ting; Ren, Pengju; Liu, Xianchun; Xu, Shutao; Han, Xiuwen; Bao, Xinhe
2015-12-01
The dynamic evolution of acetyl intermediates in the two different channels of H-mordenite (H-MOR) zeolite during dimethyl ether (DME) carbonylation is tracked by using in situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy under continuous-flow conditions. Thus, the reaction path via methyl acetate produced over active sites in 8 member ring (MR) channels, followed by diffusion into 12 MR channels, is proposed. PMID:26451500
2010-08-23
... National Security Information Program for State, Local, Tribal, and Private Sector Entities By the... established a Classified National Security Information Program (Program) designed to safeguard and govern access to classified national security information shared by the Federal Government with State,...
2012-12-26
... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Information Security Oversight Office; State, Local, Tribal, and Private Sector... matters relating to the Classified National Security Information Program for State, Local, Tribal, and... number of individuals planning to attend must be submitted to the Information Security Oversight...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program was to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1991 through August 1992; and, (2) Collection of annual sales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1990 through August 31. 1991. This data was required for the first report only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO)
2010-05-19
... Request for Information Collection: ``Confidentiality & Disclosure of State Unemployment Compensation... Confidentiality and Disclosure of State Unemployment Compensation Information final rule and State Income and.... ADDRESSEE: Submit written comments to the Employment and Training Administration, Office of...
Quantum channels with a finite memory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we study quantum communication channels with correlated noise effects, i.e., quantum channels with memory. We derive a model for correlated noise channels that includes a channel memory state. We examine the case where the memory is finite, and derive bounds on the classical and quantum capacities. For the entanglement-assisted and unassisted classical capacities it is shown that these bounds are attainable for certain classes of channel. Also, we show that the structure of any finite-memory state is unimportant in the asymptotic limit, and specifically, for a perfect finite-memory channel where no information is lost to the environment, achieving the upper bound implies that the channel is asymptotically noiseless
Source and Channel Coding for Correlated Sources Over Multiuser Channels
Gunduz, Deniz; Erkip, Elza; Goldsmith, Andrea; Poor, H. Vincent
2008-01-01
Source and channel coding over multiuser channels in which receivers have access to correlated source side information is considered. For several multiuser channel models necessary and sufficient conditions for optimal separation of the source and channel codes are obtained. In particular, the multiple access channel, the compound multiple access channel, the interference channel and the two-way channel with correlated sources and correlated receiver side information are considered, and the o...
Udina Esther; Carpaneto Jacopo; Raspopovic Stanisa; Navarro Xavier; Micera Silvestro
2010-01-01
Abstract Background Several groups have shown that the performance of motor neuroprostheses can be significantly improved by detecting specific sensory events related to the ongoing motor task (e.g., the slippage of an object during grasping). Algorithms have been developed to achieve this goal by processing electroneurographic (ENG) afferent signals recorded by using single-channel cuff electrodes. However, no efforts have been made so far to understand the number and type of detectable sens...
Payn, R.A.; Gooseff, M.N.; McGlynn, B.L.; Bencala, K.E.; Wondzell, S.M.
2009-01-01
Channel water balances of contiguous reaches along streams represent a poorly understood scale of stream-subsurface interaction. We measured reach water balances along a headwater stream in Montana, United States, during summer base flow recessions. Reach water balances were estimated from series of tracer tests in 13 consecutive reaches delineated evenly along a 2.6 km valley segment. For each reach, we estimated net change in discharge, gross hydrologic loss, and gross hydrologic gain from tracer dilution and mass recovery. Four series of tracer tests were performed during relatively high, intermediate, and low base flow conditions. The relative distribution of channel water along the stream was strongly related to a transition in valley structure, with a general increase in gross losses through the recession. During tracer tests at intermediate and low flows, there were frequent substantial losses of tracer mass (>10%) that could not be explained by net loss in flow over the reach, indicating that many of the study reaches were concurrently losing and gaining water. For example, one reach with little net change in discharge exchanged nearly 20% of upstream flow with gains and losses along the reach. These substantial bidirectional exchanges suggest that some channel interactions with subsurface flow paths were not measurable by net change in flow or transient storage of recovered tracer. Understanding bidirectional channel water balances in stream reaches along valleys is critical to an accurate assessment of stream solute fate and transport and to a full assessment of exchanges between the stream channel and surrounding subsurface. Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.
Rational Secret Sharing over an Asynchronous Broadcast Channel with Information Theoretic Security
Moses, William K; 10.5121/ijnsa.2011.3601
2011-01-01
We consider the problem of rational secret sharing introduced by Halpern and Teague [1], where the players involved in secret sharing play only if it is to their advantage. This can be characterized in the form of preferences. Players would prefer to get the secret than to not get it and secondly with lesser preference, they would like as few other players to get the secret as possible. Several positive results have already been published to efficiently solve the problem of rational secret sharing but only a handful of papers have touched upon the use of an asynchronous broadcast channel. [2] used cryptographic primitives, [3] used an interactive dealer, and [4] used an honest minority of players in order to handle an asynchronous broadcast channel. In our paper, we propose an m-out-of-n rational secret sharing scheme which can function over an asynchronous broadcast channel without the use of cryptographic primitives and with a non-interactive dealer. This is possible because our scheme uses a small number, ...
Information complementarity in multipartite quantum states and security in cryptography
Bera, Anindita; Kumar, Asutosh; Rakshit, Debraj; Prabhu, R.; SenDe, Aditi; Sen, Ujjwal
2016-03-01
We derive complementarity relations for arbitrary quantum states of multiparty systems of any number of parties and dimensions between the purity of a part of the system and several correlation quantities, including entanglement and other quantum correlations as well as classical and total correlations, of that part with the remainder of the system. We subsequently use such a complementarity relation between purity and quantum mutual information in the tripartite scenario to provide a bound on the secret key rate for individual attacks on a quantum key distribution protocol.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LAI Rui-xun; FANG Hong-wei; HE Guo-jian; YU Xin; YANG Ming; WANG Ming
2013-01-01
In this paper,both state variables and parameters of one-dimensional open channel model are estimated using a framework of the Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF).Compared with observation,the predicted accuracy of water level and discharge are improved while the parameters of the model are identified simultaneously.With the principles of the EnKF,a state-space description of the Saint-Venant equation is constructed by perturbing the measurements with Gaussian error distribution.At the same time,the roughness,one of the key parameters in one-dimensional open channel,is also considered as a state variable to identify its value dynamically.The updated state variables and the parameters are then used as the initial values of the next time step to continue the assimilation process.The usefulness and the capability of the dual EnKF are demonstrated in the lower Yellow River during the water-sediment regulation in 2009.In the optimization process,the errors between the prediction and the observation are analyzed,and the rationale of inverse roughness is discussed.It is believed that (1) the flexible approach of the dual EnKF can improve the accuracy of predicting water level and discharge,(2) it provides a probabilistic way to identify the model error which is feasible to implement but hard to handle in other filter systems,and (3) it is practicable for river engineering and management.
Robust quantum state transfer via topologically protected edge channels in dipolar arrays
Dlaska, Clemens; Zoller, Peter
2016-01-01
We show how to realize quantum state transfer between distant qubits using the chiral edge states of a two-dimensional topological spin system. Our implementation based on Rydberg atoms allows to realize the quantum state transfer protocol in state of the art experimental setups. In particular, we show how to adapt the standard state transfer protocol to make it robust against dispersive and disorder effects.
Sacristán Murga, Daniel Francisco
2012-01-01
This dissertation deals with the proper design of efficient feedback strategies for Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) communication systems. MIMO systems outperform single antenna systems in terms of achievable throughput and are more resilient to noise and interference, which are becoming the limiting factors in the current and future communications. Apart from the clear performance advantages, MIMO systems introduce an additional complexity factor, since they require knowledge of the pr...
The Impact of Causality on Information-Theoretic Source and Channel Coding Problems
Palaiyanur, Harikrishna R.
2011-01-01
This thesis studies several problems in information theory where the notion of causality comes into play. Causality in information theory refers to the timing of when information is available to parties in a coding system. The first part of the thesis studies the error exponent (or reliability function) for several communication problems over…
Wang, Ging Kuo; Calderon, Joanna; Wang, Sho-Ya
2007-01-01
Ranolazine is an antianginal agent that targets a number of ion channels in the heart, including cardiac voltage-gated Na+ channels. However, ranolazine block of muscle and neuronal Na+ channel isoforms has not been examined. We compared the state- and use-dependent ranolazine block of Na+ currents carried by muscle Nav1.4, cardiac Nav1.5, and neuronal Nav1.7 isoforms expressed in human embryonic kidney 293T cells. Resting and inactivated block of Na+ channels by ranolazine were generally wea...
Probing the top-quark mass in the dilepton and lepton+jets channels using only lepton information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A new method of extracting the top-quark mass is proposed. It uses only information on the transverse momentum of electrons and muons in the tt bar → dilepton and tt bar → lepton + jets decay channels. In is shown that this variable, among others, is sensitive to the top-quark mass. As it is very accurately measured, it can provide the top-quark mass with a very small systematic error and, at high enough integrated luminosity, with a very small total error
Rational Secret Sharing Over an Asynchronous Broadcast Channel With Information Theoretic Security
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
William K. Moses Jr.
2011-12-01
Full Text Available We consider the problem of rational secret sharing introduced by Halpern and Teague [1], where the players involved in secret sharing play only if it is to their advantage. This can be characterized in the form of preferences. Players would prefer to get the secret than to not get it and secondly with lesser preference, they would like as few other players to get the secret as possible. Several positive results have already been published to efficiently solve the problem of rational secret sharing but only a handful of papers have touched upon the use of an asynchronous broadcast channel. [2] used cryptographic primitives, [3] used an interactive dealer, and [4] used an honest minority of players in order to handle an asynchronous broadcast channel. In our paper, we propose an m-out-of-n rational secret sharing scheme which can function over an asynchronous broadcast channel without the use of cryptographic primitives and with a non-interactive dealer. This is possible because our scheme uses a small number, k+1, of honest players. The protocol is resilient to coalitions of size up to k and furthermore it is ε-resilient to coalitions of size up to and including m-1. The protocol will have a strict Nash equilibrium with probability Pr ( and an ε-Nash equilibrium with probability Pr ( . Furthermore, our protocol is immune to backward induction. Later on in the paper, we extend our results to include malicious players as well. We also show that our protocol handles the possibility of a player deviating in order to force anotherplayer to get a wrong value in what we believe to be a more time efficient manner than was done in Asharov and Lindell [5].
Koppius, Otto; Heck, Eric
2002-01-01
textabstractElectronic auctions have rapidly increased in popularity, but the consequences of switching to an electronic auction are unclear. In part this is because multiple changes occur at the same time so one can only observe the combined effect of these changes and not the effect of each separate change. For instance, electronic bidders face lower transaction costs, but also have less information about product quality and about the state of the market such as the number of bidders. In th...
Van Dyke, Chris
2016-02-01
There is an imperfect symmetry between the patterns of channel evolution observed during laboratory flume experiments and those which materialize in rivers exposed to ambient environmental conditions that produce hydrogeomorphic fluxes which are more complex, contingent, and unpredictable. One strategy to improve our understanding of short- to medium-term channel evolution is to study landscapes that have undergone significant disturbance and have had their biogeomorphic templates reset to a known condition - in effect, creating a flume in nature. This study adopts a diagnostic state-and-transition framework to narrate and document baseline hypotheses for the potential evolutionary trajectories Clark Fork River, near Milltown, Montana. Following dam removal and remediation, a 5-km stretch of the Clark Fork River and its adjoining floodplain were reconstructed. Since flow was introduced to the newly constructed channel in December 2010, complex evolutionary trajectories have been observed on the Clark Fork's mainstem, its secondary channels, and floodplain. Focusing particularly on the river's secondary channels, this paper develops a typology of channel states that have been observed and demonstrates that multiple adjustment trajectories have materialized, sometimes within the same channel. A diagnostic state-and-transition framework offers a parsimonious strategy to quantitatively or qualitatively anticipate the influence of water, sediment, and ecological fluxes on channel evolution at the basin, reach, or segment scale. It provides environmental agencies with a robust method to devise spatially explicit scenario-based management plans for rivers in a variety of geomorphic settings.
The flood, the channels, and the dykes : managing legal information a globalized and digital world
Breuker, Joost; Casanovas, Pompeu; Klein, Michel C. A.; Francesconi, Enrico
2009-01-01
Information search and retrieval are part of daily routines of the legal profession. Lawyers, judges, prosecutors, and legal clerks usually access a number of electronic resources to browse, search, select, or update legal contents. Legal databases have currently become large digital libraries where the tasks related to information-seeking may sometimes be cumbersome. Adding semantics to support information search may provide significant results in terms of efficiency, efficacy, and user sati...
Characteristics of the steady-state flow of a two-temperature argonarc plasma in a channel
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The authors examine the effects of laminar and turbulent flow on the characteristics of two-temperature argon plasma in the steady state part of an electric arc in a cylindrical channel; they examine existing formulas for the plasma properties and have selected for use here those that agree best with the experiment. This work has been done because design of high-temperature gas heaters with given characteristics is hindered by the lack of applicable models closely adapted to real conditions, this applying particularly to electric-arc plasma sources that produce thermally nonequilibrium plasma
Northeast Solid-State Lighting Strategic Information Network
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schmidt, Ed
2010-05-06
This report summarizes results of a survey developed and issued by Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP) to “assess the reach and impact of NEEP’s SSL information dissemination” undertaken as part of its Technical Information Network for Solid State Lighting (TINSSL) project1. Survey results will be used to develop recommendations to optimize project effectiveness, both for NEEP and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Furthermore, completion of the 2008 and 2009 surveys fulfills the requirements of the funding agreement supporting the NEEP TINSSL project. Since this is the second of two surveys, comparisons from year to year are presented. The NEEP TINSSL Stakeholder Survey was developed using Surveymonkey and it was distributed via email on May 19, 2009 and May 26, 2009. It was also distributed at a kiosk via internet at the NEEP Summit on May 29, 2009 and was closed that evening. Response to the survey increased by 35 percent this year. Eighty-six respondents completed the survey, and 104 responded overall. In an effort to increase response, this year respondents were invited to participate in a raffle for an SSL lighting product. The survey was distributed to the NEEP TINSSL distribution list, which includes a diverse set of contacts that overlaps significantly with NEEP’s general distribution list. The report presents 2009 findings and comparisons with 2008, where appropriate, on respondents’ awareness and understanding of SSL technology as well as their awareness of NEEP, DOE and other information resources.2 This includes NEEP’s many, varied outreach venues that communicate about SSL as part of TINSSL. In addition, it presents findings from questions addressing information needed by program planners. In addition to the summary findings reported below, a spreadsheet with a question-by-question tabulation of survey responses and a full listing of verbatim responses is included as an attachment to this report.
45 CFR 150.205 - Sources of information triggering an investigation of State enforcement.
2010-10-01
... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sources of information triggering an investigation... § 150.205 Sources of information triggering an investigation of State enforcement. Information that may... complaint received by CMS. (b) Information learned during informal contact between CMS and State...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jixiang Zhou
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate a joint pricing and purchasing problem for the dual-channel newsvendor model with the assumption that only the mean and variance of the demand are known. The newsvendor in our model simultaneously distributes a single product through traditional retail and Internet. A robust optimization approach that maximizes the worst-case profit is adapted under the aforementioned conditions to model demand uncertainty and linear clearing functions that characterize the relationship between demand and prices. We obtain a close-form expression for the robust optimal policy. Illustrative simulations and numerical experiments show the effects of several parameters on the optimal policy and on newsvendor performance. Finally, we determine that the gap between newsvendor performance under demand certainty and uncertainty is minimal, which shows that the robust approach can significantly improve performance.
Information Security Management: The Study of Lithuanian State Institutions
Jastiuginas, Saulius
2012-01-01
Growing information security cases and scope illustrate that the relevance of information security issues becomes critical and present information security means are not sufficient enough to manage information security. Narrow comprehension of information security merely as technological problem is broadened by the research results of economic, managerial, psychological, legal and other related aspects’ influence to information security. Information is named as the object of information secur...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anita Papić
2012-11-01
Full Text Available The paper provides an overview of the so-called information revolutions, with a special emphasis on the spreading of communication channels. The notion 'information revolution' is used conditionally – not in the sense of disruptive changes in communication models, but in the sense of expansion of communication possibilities. The revolutions were identified using Irving E. Fang's criteria. He defined six revolutions: writing, printing, mass media, using media for entertainment, the 'toolshed' (now called 'home', and the Information Highway. The paper presents the basic media in each of the revolutions, questions the very current issues of convergence (as some modern scholars consider the term convergence to be more appropriate than the term revolution, and divergence of media, and special attention is paid to the social context that lead to particular revolutions. The central conclusion is that information revolutions were not the time of replacing the old media with the new, but the times of condensation of communication possibilities. During those times the new media joined the existing types, not replacing them but co-existing. They faded out gradually or disappeared only over extended periods of time. Key-words: information revolutions, media, convergence, divergence, communication.
Gerstner, Gena; Pergolino, Kristen; Graham, Yvonne; Strogatz, David
2016-01-01
Background Many state and local health departments, as well as community organizations, have been using new technologies to disseminate health information to targeted populations. Yet little data exist that show access and use patterns, as well as preferences for receiving health information, at the state level. Objective This study was designed to obtain information about media and technology use, and health information seeking patterns, from a sample of New York State (NYS) residents. Methods A cross-sectional telephone survey (with mobile phones and landlines) was developed to assess media and technology access, use patterns, and preferences for receiving health information among a sample of 1350 residents in NYS. The survey used random digit dialing methodology. A weighted analysis was conducted utilizing Stata/SE software. Results Data suggest that NYS residents have a high level of computer and Internet use; 82% have at least one working computer at home, and 85% use the Internet at least sometimes. Mobile phone use is also high; 90% indicated having a mobile phone, and of those 63% have a smartphone. When asked about preferences for receiving health information from an organization, many people preferred websites (49%); preferences for other sources varied by demographic characteristics. Conclusions Findings suggest that the Internet and other technologies are viable ways to reach NYS residents, but agencies and organizations should still consider using traditional methods of communication in some cases, and determine appropriate channels based on the population of interest.
O'Reilly, John P; Shockett, Penny E
2012-03-01
The substituted-cysteine scanning method (SCAM) is used to study conformational changes in proteins. Experiments using SCAM involve site-directed mutagenesis to replace native amino acids with cysteine and subsequent exposure to a methanethiosulfonate (MTS) reagent such as methanethiosulfonate ethylammonium (MTSEA). These reagents react with substituted-cysteines and can provide functional information about relative positions of amino acids within a protein. In the human heart voltage-gated Na(+) channel hNav1.5 there is a native cysteine at position C373 that reacts rapidly with MTS reagents resulting in a large reduction in whole-cell Na(+) current (I(Na)). Therefore, in order to use SCAM in studies in this isoform, this native cysteine is mutated to a non-reactive residue, e.g., tyrosine. This mutant, hNav1.5-C373Y, is resistant to the MTS-mediated decrease in I(Na). Here we show that this resistance is time- and state-dependent. With relatively short exposure times to MTSEA (<4min), there is little effect on I(Na). However, with longer exposures (4-8min), there is a large decrease in I(Na), but this effect is only found when hNav1.5-C373Y is inactivated (fast or slow) - MTSEA has little effect in the closed state. Additionally, this long-term, state-dependent effect is not seen in human skeletal muscle Na(+) channel isoform hNav1.4, which has a native tyrosine at the homologous site C407. We conclude that differences in molecular determinants of inactivation between hNav1.4 and hNav1.5 underlie the difference in response to MTSEA exposure. PMID:22155680
Geographic information system index for the State of Tennessee
Barron, William R.; Norris, Pamela G.
1989-01-01
Recently the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has increased within Tennessee. As a result, the U.S. Geological Survey, the Tennessee State Planning Office, and the Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury entered into an agreement to conduct a survey of GIS users within the State. Two hundred and sixty three agencies were contacted. One hundred and thirty-nine agencies maintained one or more computer system (including personal computers). Twenty-five agencies used GIS software. The number of coverages or layers that exist upon completion of the survey as computerized digital data for Tennessee was 4,741. One hundred and twenty location-specific data bases were available. The U.S. Geological Survey, National Mapping Division map accuracy standards and digital cartographic data standards were included as minimum guidelines for GIS users. General data sharing techniques were described. The most common one was the use of magnetic tapes. A GIS index data base containing the survey data was built for inquiries. A 7.5 minute quadrangle coverage of Tennessee was created to allow for identification on a quadrangle basis of existing coverages contained in the GIS data base. (USGS)
Protecting informative messages over burst error channels in chain-based wireless sensor networks
Taghikhaki, Zahra; Meratnia, Nirvana; Havinga, Paul
2015-01-01
Regardless of the application, the way that data and information are disseminated is an important aspect in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The wireless data dissemination protocol should often guarantee a minimum reliability requirement. In this regard and to well-balance the energy and reliability, the more important packets should be protected by more powerful error control codes than the less important ones. This information-aware capability allows a system to deliver critical informatio...
Bound states of multi-nucleon channels in N_f=2+1 lattice QCD
Yamazaki, Takeshi; Kuramashi, Yoshinobu; Ukawa, Akira
2012-01-01
We calculate the energies for multi-nucleon ground states with the nuclear mass number less than or equal to 4 in 2+1 flavor QCD at the lattice spacing of a = 0.09 fm employing a relatively heavy quark mass corresponding to m_pi = 0.51 GeV. We investigate the volume dependence of the energy shift of the ground state and the state of free nucleons to distinguish a bound state from attractive scattering states. From the investigation we conclude that ^4He, ^3He, deuteron and dineutron are bound at m_pi = 0.51 GeV. We compare their binding energies with those in our quenched studies and also with some recent investigations.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Linda Salma Angreani
2014-12-01
Full Text Available The right to information is one of fundamental human right essential. The transparency, availability and accessibility of information enable people to hold policy-makers to account and participate in the decision making process, promoting better governance, and reducing inefficiency and corruption. In Indonesia, there is an integrated system of student admission to State Islamic Higher Education, named SPMB-PTAIN. This kind of integrated admission selection model to enter State Islamic Higher Education in Indonesia through written examination conducted simultaneously nationwide involving 53 Islamic Higher Education Institution and coordinated by the Ministry of Religious Affairs of Republic of Indonesia. In 2013, this model are used by for about 200 thousands applicants. However, there is no such model that provides information about exams result tracking for users. These condition lead to some critical issues related to the transparency in SPMB-PTAIN exams results. The subject of this paper is proposing the monitoring system as part of system improvements of SPMB-PTAIN (named SMUPDA in terms of monitoring and transparency. SMUPDA has been tested in SPMB-PTAIN 2013 and was made such a clear form of continuous improvement in data processing of SPMB-PTAIN. SMUPDA can also provide transparency of data processing on the implementation of SPMB-PTAIN. Therefore the similar model may be applied to other systems related to public services to provide transparency and gain the public trust of public services institutions itself.
2013-12-13
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes....'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes; Application...
Black holes as bosonic Gaussian channels
Bradler, Kamil
2014-01-01
We identify the quantum channels corresponding to the interaction of a Gaussian quantum state with an already formed Schwarzschild black hole. Using recent advances in the classification of one-mode bosonic Gaussian channels we find that (with one exception) the black hole Gaussian channels lie in the non-entanglement breaking subset of the lossy channels $\\mathcal{C}({\\rm loss})$, amplifying channels $\\mathcal{C}({\\rm amp})$ and classical-noise channels $\\mathcal{B}_2$. We show that the channel parameters depend on the black hole mass and the properties of the potential barrier surrounding it. This classification enables us to calculate the classical and quantum capacity of the black hole and to estimate the quantum capacity where no tractable quantum capacity expression exists today. We discuss these findings in the light of the black hole quantum information loss problem.
Asymptotically Optimal Downlink Scheduling over Markovian Fading Channels
Ouyang, Wenzhuo; Shroff, Ness B
2011-01-01
We consider the scheduling problem in downlink wireless networks with heterogeneous, Markov-modulated, ON/OFF channels. It is well-known that the performance of scheduling over fading channels heavily depends on the accuracy of the available Channel State Information (CSI), which is costly to acquire. Thus, we consider the CSI acquisition via a practical ARQ-based feedback mechanism whereby channel states are revealed at the end of only scheduled users' transmissions. In the assumed presence of temporally-correlated channel evolutions, the desired scheduler must optimally balance the exploitation-exploration trade-off, whereby it schedules transmissions both to exploit those channels with up-to-date CSI and to explore the current state of those with outdated CSI. In earlier works, Whittle's Index Policy had been suggested as a low-complexity and high-performance solution to this problem. However, analyzing its performance in the typical scenario of statistically heterogeneous channel state processes has remai...
Secrecy results for compound wiretap channels
Bjelakovic, Igor; Sommerfeld, Jochen
2011-01-01
We derive a lower bound on the secrecy capacity of the compound wiretap channel with channel state information at the transmitter which matches the general upper bound on the secrecy capacity of general compound wiretap channels given by Liang et al. and thus establishing a full coding theorem in this case. We achieve this with a stronger secrecy criterion and with a decoder that is robust against the effect of randomisation in the encoding. This relieves us from the need of decoding the randomisation parameter which is in general not possible within this model. Moreover we prove a lower bound on the secrecy capacity of the compound wiretap channel without channel state information and derive a multi-letter expression for the capacity in this communication scenario.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We expressed rat Nav1.6 sodium channels in combination with the rat β1 and β2 auxiliary subunits in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells and evaluated the effects of the pyrethroid insecticides tefluthrin and deltamethrin on expressed sodium currents using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Both pyrethroids produced concentration-dependent, resting modification of Nav1.6 channels, prolonging the kinetics of channel inactivation and deactivation to produce persistent “late” currents during depolarization and tail currents following repolarization. Both pyrethroids also produced concentration dependent hyperpolarizing shifts in the voltage dependence of channel activation and steady-state inactivation. Maximal shifts in activation, determined from the voltage dependence of the pyrethroid-induced late and tail currents, were ∼ 25 mV for tefluthrin and ∼ 20 mV for deltamethrin. The highest attainable concentrations of these compounds also caused shifts of ∼ 5–10 mV in the voltage dependence of steady-state inactivation. In addition to their effects on the voltage dependence of inactivation, both compounds caused concentration-dependent increases in the fraction of sodium current that was resistant to inactivation following strong depolarizing prepulses. We assessed the use-dependent effects of tefluthrin and deltamethrin on Nav1.6 channels by determining the effect of trains of 1 to 100 5-ms depolarizing prepulses at frequencies of 20 or 66.7 Hz on the extent of channel modification. Repetitive depolarization at either frequency increased modification by deltamethrin by ∼ 2.3-fold but had no effect on modification by tefluthrin. Tefluthrin and deltamethrin were equally potent as modifiers of Nav1.6 channels in HEK293 cells using the conditions producing maximal modification as the basis for comparison. These findings show that the actions of tefluthrin and deltamethrin of Nav1.6 channels in HEK293 cells differ from the effects of these compounds on
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ray, Pallav; Zhang, Chidong [University of Miami, RSMAS/MPO, Miami, FL (United States); Moncrieff, Mitchell W.; Dudhia, Jim; Caron, Julie M.; Bruyere, Cindy [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States); Ruby Leung, L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States)
2011-01-15
Tropical channel models, defined as models that are global in the zonal direction but bounded in the meridional direction, are particularly useful for simulating the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) and understanding its physical and dynamical basis. Influences from the extratropics through the lateral boundaries have been found to be essential to the reproduction of the initiation of certain MJO events. This led to a hypothesis that multi-year simulations using a tropical channel model would reproduce reasonable MJO statistics under the influence of prescribed lateral boundary conditions derived from global reanalyses. Interestingly, the MJO statistics in such a multi-year simulation by a high-resolution tropical channel model are not better than those from global climate models. The error in the atmospheric mean state is found to be a possible reason for the poor MJO statistics in the simulation. Nevertheless, even with a large error in the mean state, the multi-year simulation captures two MJO events previously found to be initiated by extratropical influences. However, the model does not reproduce a third event, whose initiation is not directly influenced by the extratropics. This implies that in the absence of dynamical interactions between the MJO and the lateral boundary conditions, the error in the mean state could be sufficient to prevent the MJO initiation. To explore this third MJO event further, a series of sensitivity tests are conducted. These tests show that the simulation of this event is neither critically influenced by the cumulus parameterization employed, nor the initial conditions when the model is integrated 2 weeks prior to the MJO initiation. The model captures this event when the MJO signal is already present in the initial conditions. The use of high-resolution sea surface temperature does not improve the simulation of the third MJO event. A higher-resolution nested domain covering the Indo-Pacific warm pool region and including a cloud
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ray, Pallav; Zhang, Chidong; Moncrieff, Mitch; Dudhia, Jimy; Caron, Julie M.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Bruyere, Cindy
2010-06-08
Tropical channel models, defined as models that are global in the zonal direction but bounded in the meridional direction, are particularly useful for simulating the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) and understanding its physical and dynamical basis. Influences from the extratropics through the lateral boundaries have been found to be essential to the reproduction of the initiation of certain MJO events. This led to a hypothesis that multi-year simulations using a tropical channel model would reproduce reasonable MJO statistics under the influence of prescribed lateral boundary conditions derived from global reanalyses. Interestingly, the MJO statistics in such a multi-year simulation by a high-resolution tropical channel model are not better than those from global climate models. The error in the atmospheric mean state is found to be a possible reason for the poor MJO statistics in the simulation. Nevertheless, even with a large error in the mean state, the multi-year simulation captures two MJO events previously found to be initiated by extratropical influences. However, the model does not reproduce a third event, whose initiation is not directly influenced by the extratropics. This implies that in the absence of dynamical interactions between the MJO and the lateral boundary conditions, the error in the mean state could be sufficient to prevent the MJO initiation. To explore this third MJO event further, a series of sensitivity tests are conducted. These tests show that the simulation of this event is neither critically influenced by the cumulus parameterization employed, nor the initial conditions when the model is integrated 2 weeks prior to the MJO initiation. The model captures this event when the MJO signal is already present in the initial conditions. The use of highresolution sea surface temperature does not improve the simulation of the third MJO event. A higher-resolution nested domain covering the Indo-Pacific warm pool region and including a cloud
Liu, Chengyu; Zhao, Lina; Tang, Hong; Li, Qiao; Wei, Shoushui; Li, Jianqing
2016-08-01
False alarm (FA) rates as high as 86% have been reported in intensive care unit monitors. High FA rates decrease quality of care by slowing staff response times while increasing patient burdens and stresses. In this study, we proposed a rule-based and multi-channel information fusion method for accurately classifying the true or false alarms for five life-threatening arrhythmias: asystole (ASY), extreme bradycardia (EBR), extreme tachycardia (ETC), ventricular tachycardia (VTA) and ventricular flutter/fibrillation (VFB). The proposed method consisted of five steps: (1) signal pre-processing, (2) feature detection and validation, (3) true/false alarm determination for each channel, (4) 'real-time' true/false alarm determination and (5) 'retrospective' true/false alarm determination (if needed). Up to four signal channels, that is, two electrocardiogram signals, one arterial blood pressure and/or one photoplethysmogram signal were included in the analysis. Two events were set for the method validation: event 1 for 'real-time' and event 2 for 'retrospective' alarm classification. The results showed that 100% true positive ratio (i.e. sensitivity) on the training set were obtained for ASY, EBR, ETC and VFB types, and 94% for VTA type, accompanied by the corresponding true negative ratio (i.e. specificity) results of 93%, 81%, 78%, 85% and 50% respectively, resulting in the score values of 96.50, 90.70, 88.89, 92.31 and 64.90, as well as with a final score of 80.57 for event 1 and 79.12 for event 2. For the test set, the proposed method obtained the score of 88.73 for ASY, 77.78 for EBR, 89.92 for ETC, 67.74 for VFB and 61.04 for VTA types, with the final score of 71.68 for event 1 and 75.91 for event 2. PMID:27454710
Leong, Alex S.; Dey, Subhrakanti; Evans, Jamie S.
2008-01-01
This paper considers state estimation of linear systems using analog amplify and forwarding with multiple sensors, for both multiple access and orthogonal access schemes. Optimal state estimation can be achieved at the fusion center using a time varying Kalman filter. We show that in many situations, the estimation error covariance decays at a rate of $1/M$ when the number of sensors $M$ is large. We consider optimal allocation of transmission powers that 1) minimizes the sum power usage subj...
The lower bound to the concurrence for four-qubit W state under noisy channels
Espoukeh, Pakhshan; Pedram, Pouria
2015-01-01
We study the dynamics of four-qubit W state under various noisy environments by solving analytically the master equation in the Lindblad form in which the Lindblad operators correspond to the Pauli matrices and describe the decoherence of states. Also, we investigate the dynamics of the entanglement using the lower bound to the concurrence. It is found that while the entanglement decreases monotonically for Pauli-Z noise, it decays suddenly for other three noises. Moreover, by studying the ti...
Purity of Gaussian states: Measurement schemes and time evolution in noisy channels
Serafini, A.; M. Paris; Illuminati, F.; De Siena, S.
2003-01-01
We present a systematic study of the purity for Gaussian states of single-mode continuous variable systems. We prove the connection of purity to observable quantities for these states, and show that the joint measurement of two conjugate quadratures is necessary and sufficient to determine the purity at any time. The statistical reliability and the range of applicability of the proposed measurement scheme is tested by means of Monte Carlo simulated experiments. We then consider the dynamics o...
2011-07-21
... Bureau of Indian Affairs Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Class III Tribal State Gaming... the collection of information for the Class III Tribal State Gaming Compact Process. The information... comments on the information collection to Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of Indian Gaming, 1849 C...
Asadi, Behzad; Ong, Lawrence; Johnson, Sarah J.
2016-01-01
We consider the three-receiver Gaussian multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) broadcast channel with an arbitrary number of antennas at each of the transmitter and the receivers. We investigate the degrees-of-freedom (DoF) region of the channel when each receiver requests a private message, and may know some of the messages requested by the other receivers as receiver message side information (RMSI). We establish the DoF region of the channel for all 16 possible non-isomorphic RMSI configurat...
2010-04-26
... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information: State Vocational... to support projects for training State vocational rehabilitation (VR) unit personnel in program areas... staffing levels of the State agencies obtained from data on the Annual Vocational Rehabilitation...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xiao XIAO; Guangxi ZHU; Lin ZHOU; Desheng WANG; Li LI
2008-01-01
To improve system performance and reduce the complexity and cost of receiver hardware, we investi-gated a new multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) scheme combining maximal-ratio transmitting and receiver antenna selection (MRT/RAS). In this scheme, a single receiving antenna, which maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the receiver, is selected for demodulation. The closed-form outage probability and the bit error rate (BER) of the MRT/RAS system are both presented. The simulation demonstrates that the MRT/ RAS scheme can achieve a full diversity order as if all the receiving antennas were used. It is shown that the MRT/RAS scheme outperforms some more complex space-time codes of the same spectral efficiency. The ana-lytical results are verified by simulation. In the end, we also analyze the MRT/RAS system based on partial chan-nel information.
Figueiredo, Bruno; Tsang, Chin-Fu; Niemi, Auli; Lindgren, Georg
2016-05-01
Laboratory and field experiments done on fractured rock show that flow and solute transport often occur along flow channels. `Sparse channels' refers to the case where these channels are characterised by flow in long flow paths separated from each other by large spacings relative to the size of flow domain. A literature study is presented that brings together information useful to assess whether a sparse-channel network concept is an appropriate representation of the flow system in tight fractured rock of low transmissivity, such as that around a nuclear waste repository in deep crystalline rocks. A number of observations are made in this review. First, conventional fracture network models may lead to inaccurate results for flow and solute transport in tight fractured rocks. Secondly, a flow dimension of 1, as determined by the analysis of pressure data in well testing, may be indicative of channelised flow, but such interpretation is not unique or definitive. Thirdly, in sparse channels, the percolation may be more influenced by the fracture shape than the fracture size and orientation but further studies are needed. Fourthly, the migration of radionuclides from a waste canister in a repository to the biosphere may be strongly influenced by the type of model used (e.g. discrete fracture network, channel model). Fifthly, the determination of appropriateness of representing an in situ flow system by a sparse-channel network model needs parameters usually neglected in site characterisation, such as the density of channels or fracture intersections.
Abdallah, Mohamed M.
2013-11-01
In this work, we develop joint interference-aware random beam and spectrum selection scheme that provide enhanced performance for the secondary network under the condition that the interference observed at the primary receiver is below a predetermined acceptable value. We consider a secondary link composed of a transmitter equipped with multiple antennas and a single-antenna receiver sharing the same spectrum with a set of primary links composed of a single-antenna transmitter and a single-antenna receiver. The proposed schemes jointly select a beam, among a set of power-optimized random beams, as well as the primary spectrum that maximizes the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of the secondary link while satisfying the primary interference constraint. In particular, we consider the case where the interference level is described by a q-bit description of its magnitude, whereby we propose a technique to find the optimal quantizer thresholds in a mean square error (MSE) sense. © 2013 IEEE.
Single-outcome information gain of qubit measurements on different state ensembles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We calculate the single-outcome information gain of quantum measurements on a completely unknown qubit state randomly chosen from different state ensembles. It is shown that the information gain decreases when the ensemble size increases. We obtain analytic single-outcome information gain formulas for continuous equatorial and spherical state ensembles, which show that the states in the former ensemble are relatively easier to identify. The squared fidelity between post-measurement state and pre-measurement state is also calculated, and the qualitative tradeoff relations between information gain and fidelity are illustrated by our results. (paper)
Ulmschneider, Martin B.; Bagneris, Claire; McCusker, Emily C.; Ulmschneider, J.P.; Wallace, Bonnie A.
2013-01-01
Microsecond atomic detail equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations based on the open-state crystal structure (McCusker et al, 2012, Nature Comm) of a bacterial voltage-gated sodium channel (NavMs) have been employed to characterize the mechanisms underlying ion selectivity and conductance of the channel embedded in a lipid bilayer membrane. This approach captured the full plethora of conduction events, revealing a complex mixture of single and multi-ion phenomena, with decoupled rapid bi-di...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Linda See
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Citizens are increasingly becoming an important source of geographic information, sometimes entering domains that had until recently been the exclusive realm of authoritative agencies. This activity has a very diverse character as it can, amongst other things, be active or passive, involve spatial or aspatial data and the data provided can be variable in terms of key attributes such as format, description and quality. Unsurprisingly, therefore, there are a variety of terms used to describe data arising from citizens. In this article, the expressions used to describe citizen sensing of geographic information are reviewed and their use over time explored, prior to categorizing them and highlighting key issues in the current state of the subject. The latter involved a review of ~100 Internet sites with particular focus on their thematic topic, the nature of the data and issues such as incentives for contributors. This review suggests that most sites involve active rather than passive contribution, with citizens typically motivated by the desire to aid a worthy cause, often receiving little training. As such, this article provides a snapshot of the role of citizens in crowdsourcing geographic information and a guide to the current status of this rapidly emerging and evolving subject.
Irrelevance of private information in two-period economies with more goods than states of nature
Joao Correia-da-Silva; Carlos Hervés-Beloso
2012-01-01
We introduce a two-period economy with asymmetric information about the state of nature that occurs in the second period. Each agent is endowed with an information structure that describes her (incomplete) ability to prove whether or not a state has occurred. We show that if the number of states of nature is not greater than the number of goods, then, generically, the equilibria of the associated full information economy are also equilibria of the asymmetric information economy. The informati...
Inverse Determinant Sums and Connections Between Fading Channel Information Theory and Algebra
Vehkalahti, Roope
2011-01-01
Since the invention of space-time coding numerous algebraic methods have been applied to code design. In particular algebraic number theory and central simple algebras have been at the forefront of the research. In the first part of the paper we will push this direction further and show how the error probability of algebraic codes is tied to some central aspects of algebraic number theory and central simple algebras. In particular we prove how the error probability of several algebraic codes is tied to the corresponding zeta functions and unit groups. In the second part of this paper we turn to study what information theory can say about algebra. We will first derive some corollaries from the diversity-multiplexing gain tradeoff (DMT) Zheng and Tse and later show how these results can be used to analyze the unit group of orders of certain division algebras.
Pätzold, Matthias
2011-01-01
Providing a comprehensive overview of the modelling, analysis and simulation of mobile radio channels, this book gives a detailed understanding of fundamental issues and examines state-of-the-art techniques in mobile radio channel modelling. It analyses several mobile fading channels, including terrestrial and satellite flat-fading channels, various types of wideband channels and advanced MIMO channels, providing a fundamental understanding of the issues currently being investigated in the field. Important classes of narrowband, wideband, and space-time wireless channels are explored in deta
Koyama, Tomio; Ota, Yukihiro; Machida, Masahiko
2011-06-01
We investigate the resonance effect caused by the Josephson-Leggett (JL) mode in intrinsic Josephson junction stacks (IJJs) formed by a stack of multigap superconducting layers. Such an IJJ system is expected to be realized in a single crystal of highly anisotropic iron-based superconductors with thick blocking layers. It is shown that the JL mode is resonantly excited by the Josephson oscillations in the voltage state with inhomogeneous electric-field distribution along the c axis. The resonance creates a steplike structure with a negative resistance region in the I-V characteristics.
Optimization of bandwidth of communication channels of corporate networks
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. I. Bondarenko
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Introduction. This article contains overview of the organization of communication between applications on the corporate network. It is stated that the main digital channel (channel B - 64 kbit/s and the primary digital channel (channel E1 the digital stream - 2048 kbit/s are used as the main channels in corporate networks. Problem areas of the functioning of the corporate network are identified. There are the rent of communication channels, which is growing rapidly with increasing the quality and speed of data transmission, and optimal use of bandwidth of communication channels. Setting of task. Optimal use of transmission channels bandwidth and minimizing the rent cost of channels is possible in two ways - the use of compression techniques of voice and video information and the application of variable structure of channels by using various-speed transmission channels. Differential pulse code modulation, adaptive differential pulse code modulation are the modern methods of speech signals processing. Organization of various-speed channels is performed in the structure of the BCC (for speech signals or PCR (for video. Suggestions for optimizing the structure of the channel signals. Proposed method of various-speed channels formation by using the channel intervals appropriate BCC (octets in the structure of signals E1 as envelopes containing various-speed channels. Channels can be selected for synchronization procedure CRC to simplify recognition of channels in the structure of E1. In this case, the minimal speed in the channel is 4 kbit/s. Conclusions. The proposed structure of envelopes is based on octet channel intervals of standard group signal of the primary group plesiochronous hierarchy E1 when transferring various-speed digital signals maximum allows to use the bandwidth at a fixed structure of channel interval, it makes possible to agree on the structure of the various-speed signals with the existing in communication networks.
Charge states distribution of 3350 keV He ions channeled in silicon
Bentini, G G; Bianconi, M; Lotti, R; Lulli, G
2002-01-01
When an ion beam is aligned along a major crystalline axis the dominant interaction is with valence electrons. In this condition the charge exchange processes mostly concern the interaction between the incident ion and a quasi-free electron gas and a strong reduction of the charge-changing probabilities is expected. In this work, 3350 keV He sup + and He sup 2 sup + ions were aligned at small tilt angles about the axis of a 4650 A silicon crystalline membrane. The charge state distribution (CSD) of the transmitted ions was detected by an electro-magnetic analyzer having a very small acceptance angle. In these conditions the equilibration of the CSD was not yet reached and this allowed, making use of simple approximations, for the measurement of the valence electron loss cross-section.
Mobile agents in crisis situations - adapting information to user’s affective state
R. Kok; A. Winterboer; H. Cramer; G. Pavlin; F. Groen; V. Evers
2010-01-01
Emotion has been found to influence humans’ cognitive information processing and decision-making (Schwarz, 2000). A state of sadness, for example, is accompanied by substantive information processing, with greater attention to detail, whereas people in a happier state tend to process information mor
United States National Library of Medicine Drug Information Portal
Hochstein, Colette; Goshorn, Jeanne; Chang, Florence
2009-01-01
The Drug Information Portal is a free Web resource from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) that provides a user-friendly gateway to current information for more than 15,000 drugs. The site guides users to related resources of NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government agencies. Current drug-related information regarding consumer health, clinical trials, AIDS, MeSH pharmacological actions, MEDLINE/PubMed biomedical literature, and physical properties and structure i...
Mandatory Vaccines: Questionable Federal Policy Informing Questionable State Laws
McCarty, Catherine M.
2002-01-01
Among the powers retained by the states are what have become known as the police powers. The police powers include the power of the state government to promote the public welfare by restraining and regulating private individualâ€™s rights to liberty and uses of property. Public health regulation has long been regarded as one of the stateâ€™s primary and most important police powers. The validity of public health laws and regulations at both the state and fede...
Elections, Information, and State-Dependent Candidate Quality
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jensen, Thomas
The quality of political candidates often depends on the current state of the world, for example because their personal characteristics are more valuable in some situations than in others. We explore the implications of state-dependent candidate quality in a model of electoral competition where v...
Gingrich, Kevin J; Wagner, Larry E
2016-06-01
Local anesthetics (LAs) block resting, open, and inactivated states of voltage-gated Na(+) channels where inactivated states are thought to bind with highest affinity. However, reports of fast-onset block occurring over milliseconds hint at high-affinity block of open channels. Movement of voltage-sensor domain IV-segment 4 (DIVS4) has been associated with high affinity LA block termed voltage-sensor block (VSB) that also leads to a second open state. These observations point to a second high-affinity open state that may underlie fast-onset block. To test for this state, we analyzed the modulation of Na(+) currents by lidocaine and its quaternary derivative (QX222) from heterologously expressed (Xenopus laevis oocytes) rat skeletal muscle μ1 NaV1.4 (rSkM1) with β1 (WT-β1), and a mutant form (IFM-QQQ mutation in the III-IV interdomain, QQQ) lacking fast inactivation, in combination with Markov kinetic gating models. 100μM lidocaine induced fast-onset (τonset≈2ms), long-lived (τrecovery≈120ms) block of WT-β1 macroscopic currents. Lidocaine blocked single-channel and macroscopic QQQ currents in agreement with our previously described mechanism of dual, open-channel block (DOB mechanism). A DOB kinetic model reproduced lidocaine effects on QQQ currents. The DOB model was extended to include trapping fast-inactivation and activation gates, and a second open state (OS2); the latter arising from DIVS4 translocation that precedes inactivation and exhibits high-affinity, lidocaine binding (apparent Kd=25μM) that accords with VSB (DOB-S2VSB mechanism). The DOB-S2VSB kinetic model predicted fast-onset block of WT-β1. The findings support the involvement of a second, high-affinity, open state in lidocaine modulation of Na(+) channels. PMID:26922882
Uncertainty relation of mixed states by means of Wigner-Yanase-Dyson information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The variance of an observable in a quantum state is usually used to describe Heisenberg uncertainty relation. For mixed states, the variance includes quantum and classical uncertainties. By means of the skew information and the decomposition of the variance, a stronger uncertainty relation was presented by Luo [ Phys. Rev. A 72, 042110 (2005)]. In this paper, by using Wigner-Yanase-Dyson information which is a generalization of the skew information, we propose a general uncertainty relation of mixed states.
2013-09-11
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes...: Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes; Application for Assistance for Hiring...
2010-08-02
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes...: Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes; Application for Assistance for Hiring...
2010-10-07
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes...: Regulation on Reduction of Nursing Shortages in State Homes; Application for Assistance for Hiring...
Informal economy as an expression of the state failure
Agata Kubiczek
2010-01-01
The article deals with the phenomenon of second economy, underground or subterranean economy, unofficial economy, unrecorded economy, informal economy, cash economy etc., which has been assessed here as a function of a given mix of economic policies.
Derived Weather State Information via ADS-B Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Innovation Laboratory, Inc, proposes to use Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) information as the basis of atmospheric wave and...
Quantum Multiple Access Channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
侯广; 黄民信; 张永德
2002-01-01
We consider the transmission of classical information over a quantum channel by many senders, which is a generalization of the two-sender case. The channel capacity region is shown to be a convex hull bound by the yon Neumann entropy and the conditional yon Neumann entropies. The result allows a reasonable distribution of channel capacity over the senders.
An, Nguyen Ba
2009-04-01
Three novel probabilistic yet conclusive schemes are proposed to teleport a general two-mode coherent-state superposition via attenuated quantum channels with ideal and/or threshold detectors. The calculated total success probability is highest (lowest) when only ideal (threshold) detectors are used.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nguyen Ba An [Center for Theoretical Physics, Institute of Physics, 10 Dao Tan, Thu Le, Ba Dinh, Hanoi (Viet Nam); School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, 207-43 Cheongryangni 2-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: nban@iop.vast.ac.vn
2009-04-27
Three novel probabilistic yet conclusive schemes are proposed to teleport a general two-mode coherent-state superposition via attenuated quantum channels with ideal and/or threshold detectors. The calculated total success probability is highest (lowest) when only ideal (threshold) detectors are used.
Latypov, A. F.
2012-11-01
An expression for maximum permissible entropy gain is obtained and the condition of passage via the velocity of sound is found for the steady-state flow of an ideal gas in a channel of variable cross section in the presence of heat supply and kinetic energy dissipation. Particular flow examples are considered.
Anagnostopoulos, Dorothea; Rutledge, Stacey; Bali, Valentina
2013-01-01
This article examines how SEAs in three states designed, installed, and operated statewide, longitudinal student information systems (SLSIS). SLSIS track individual students' progress in K-12 schools, college, and beyond and link it to individual schools and teachers. They are key components of the information infrastructure of test-based…
2010-07-01
... EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Are the Administrative Responsibilities of a State Under the State Vocational and Applied Technology Education Program? § 403.206 What are... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the State's responsibilities regarding a...
Bucher, Denis; Guidoni, Leonardo; Rothlisberger, Ursula
2007-01-01
Although a few x-ray structures of the KcsA K+ channel have been crystallized several issues concerning the mechanisms of the ionic permeation and the protonation state of the selectivity filter ionizable side chains are still open. Using a first-principles quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical simulation approach, we have investigated the protonation state of Glu-71 and Asp-80, two important residues located in the vicinity of the selectivity filter. Results from the dynamics show that a p...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Steven S. Coughlin, PhD
2007-07-01
Full Text Available IntroductionThe number of people in the United States aged 65 years and older is increasing. Older people have a higher risk of dying from cancer; however, recent information about breast and colorectal cancer screening rates among women aged 65 years and older and about sources of health information consulted by these women is limited.MethodsWe examined data from the Health Information National Trends Survey for women aged 65 years and older who had no personal history of breast or colorectal cancer. Women whose self-reported race and ethnicity was non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, or Hispanic were included in the analysis. The overall response rate for the 2003 survey was 34.5%.ResultsWomen aged 75 years and older had lower rates of recent mammography (mammogram in previous 2 years than did women aged 65 to 74 years. In both age groups, rates were especially low for Hispanic women and women with a household income of less than $15,000 per year. Rates of recent colorectal cancer screening (fecal occult blood test in previous year or endoscopy in previous 5 years were markedly lower for non-Hispanic black women aged 75 years and older than for other women in this age group, and for Hispanic women aged 65 to 74 years than for non-Hispanic women in this age group. Screening rates were lowest for women with an annual household income of less than $15,000, no family history of cancer, no usual health care provider, or 1 or no provider visits in the previous year.Differences were found in the groups’ preferred channel for receiving health information. Women who had had a mammogram in the previous 2 years were more likely to pay attention to health information on the radio or in newspapers and magazines than were women who had not received a recent mammogram. Women who had had a recent colorectal cancer screening test were more likely to pay attention to health information in magazines or on the Internet than were those who had not
Kaminsky, Andrew D.
2003-01-01
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. Dynamic Channel Allocation (DCA) offers the possibility of capturing unused channel capacity by allocating unused resources between competing network nodes. This can reduce or possibly eliminate channels sitting idle while information awaits transmission. This holds potential for increasing throughput on bandwidth constrained networks. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the techniques used to allocate channels on demand and acc...
Management Information Systems: The State of the Art.
Mathews, Walter M.; And Others
Management information systems have developed more rapidly than most innovations. In a relatively short period of time, the art has progressed from primitive routine clerical and accounting systems to elaborate management decisionmaking systems. Growing pains accompanied the rapid development and brought along many problems and critics. The…
Informal Karst Education in the United States and Internationally
North, Leslie A.
2011-01-01
Despite the abundance of karst terrains and the important role they play in a wide variety of roles including supplying freshwater drinking supplies, no single, comprehensive study investigates the role of informal education for the improved understanding and protection of the terrains. Commonly overlooked anthropogenic karst disturbances…
The IAEA and State declared safeguards information: Progress, plans and issues
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The provision of information by States constitutes a key element for the implementation of IAEA safeguards. Reports on the changes, inventories and balances of safeguarded nuclear material have been received since the 1960s, beginning with INFCIRC/66-type safeguards agreements and followed by INFCIRC/153-type safeguards agreements. The primary information provided by States is with respect to nuclear material accounting and the additional protocol. Nuclear material accountancy, while remaining a cornerstone of international safeguards, is now being combined with additional protocol information to provide a more complete and thorough picture of a State's declared nuclear programme. As a result of the evaluation of State declared information and all other safeguards-relevant information available (including the results of in-field verification activities and open source information), the IAEA is able to draw soundly based conclusions regarding the non-diversion of declared nuclear material and, if an additional protocol is in force, regarding the absence of undeclared nuclear activities in the State as a whole. The needs of strengthened safeguards mandate accurate, complete and timely reporting, necessitating maximum use of the various types of State declared information. To these ends, the IAEA is in continuous contact on reporting matters with States. Furthermore, the IAEA trains Member State personnel on the associated reporting mechanisms and provides software to increase the quality of nuclear material accounting reports and a system to assist States in the preparation of additional protocol declarations. As the IAEA looks to the future, a major project is currently in progress for the complete re-engineering of all safeguards IT applications, including the nuclear material accounting system. The gains expected by updating the hardware and software are increased information utilization and correlation through the implementation of state-of-the-art systems. This
Information Sharing In Shipbuilding based on the Product State Model
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Michael Holm
The paper provides a review of product modelling technologies and the overall architecture for the Product State Model (PSM) environment as a basis for how dynamically updated product data can improve control of production activities. Especially, the paper focuses on the circumstances prevailing ...... equally developed....
2013-01-28
... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Evaluation of State Expanded Learning Time... State Expanded Learning Time. OMB Control Number: 1850-New. Type of Review: New information collection... conduct semi-structured interviews with 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC)...
Motivating Factors of Florida Community and State College Information Technology Faculty
Payne, Wendy Louise
2013-01-01
In this study the core job characteristics that contribute to the internal motivational factors and job satisfaction of information technology faculty members working at a community or state college in Florida were investigated. Fifty-four information technology faculty members working at a community or state college in Florida completed the Job…
Von Neumann entropy, mutual information and total correlations of Gaussian states
Serafini, A; De Siena, S; Serafini, Alessio; Illuminati, Fabrizio; Siena, Silvio De
2004-01-01
We determine the Von Neumann entropy and the mutual information of an arbitrary bipartite Gaussian state. A comparison between mutual information and entanglement of formation for symmetric states is considered, remarking the crucial role of the symplectic eigenvalues in qualifying and quantifying correlations.
The IAEA and State-declared safeguards information: Progress, plans and issues
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Full text: The provision of information by States constitutes a key element for the implementation of IAEA safeguards. Reports on the changes, inventories and balances of safeguarded nuclear material have been received since the 1960s, beginning with INFCIRC/66 and followed by INFCIRC/153 type safeguards agreements. The primary information provided by States is with respect to nuclear material accounting and the additional protocol. Nuclear material accountancy, while remaining a cornerstone of international safeguards, is now being interleaved with additional protocol information to provide a more complete and thorough view of a State's declared overall nuclear programme. As a result of the evaluation of State-declared information and all other safeguards-relevant information available (including the results of in-field verification activities and open source information), the IAEA is able to draw conclusions regarding the non-diversion of nuclear material as well as the absence of undeclared nuclear activities. The needs of strengthened safeguards mandate accurate, complete and timely reporting, necessitating maximum use of the different types of State declared information. To these ends, the IAEA is in continuous contact on reporting matters with States. Furthermore, the IAEA trains State personnel on the associated reporting mechanisms, provides software to increase the quality of nuclear material accounting reports as well as a system to assist States in the preparation of additional protocol declarations. As the IAEA looks to the future, a major project is currently in progress for the complete re-engineering of all safeguards IT applications, including the nuclear material accounting system. The gains expected by updating the hardware and software are increased information utilization and correlation by implementing state-of-the-art systems. This paper will describe the progress, plans and issues associated with State Declared Information. It will explain
77 FR 67726 - Department of State: State Department Sanctions Information and Guidance
2012-11-13
... its technology was likely to misuse such technology, or that a particular technology has a history of... provided goods, services, technology, information, or support for refined petroleum imports into Iran; (4... Information and communications technology serves to facilitate communication, share information, and...
Quantum Teleportation of Tripartite Arbitrary State via W State
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XUE Zheng-Yuan; YI You-Min; CAO Zhuo-Liang
2005-01-01
A scheme of teleportation of a tripartite state via W state is suggested. The W state serves as quantum channels. Standard Bell-state measurements and Von Neumann measurements are performed. After the sender operates the measurements and informs the receiver her results, he can reconstruct the original state by the corresponding unitary transformation. The probability of the successful teleportation is also obtained.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Prasanta K Panigrahi; Siddharth Karumanchi; Sreraman Muralidharan
2009-09-01
We investigate the usefulness of the highly entangled five-partite cluster and Brown states for the quantum information splitting (QIS) of a special kind of two-qubit state using remote state preparation. In our schemes, the information that is to be shared is known to the sender. We show that, QIS can be accomplished with just two classical bits, as opposed to four classical bits, when the information that is to be shared is unknown to the sender. The present algorithm, demonstrated through the cluster and Brown states is deterministic as compared to the previous works in which it was probabilistic.
Sanitation in Mumbai's informal settlements : state, 'slum' and infrastructure.
McFarlane, C.
2008-01-01
This paper examines an ongoing intervention in sanitation in informal settlements in Mumbai, India. The Slum Sanitation Programme (SSP) is premised upon ‘partnership’, ‘participation’, and ‘cost recovery’ in the delivery of large toilet blocks as a practical solution to the stark lack and inadequacy of sanitation, and offers an opportunity to interrogate a growing consensus on sanitation provision among mainstream development agencies. In the paper, I argue for a more flexible approach to pol...
Quantum Information Processing and Entanglement in Solid State Devices
Kawabata, Shiro
2004-01-01
Control over electron-spin states, such as coherent manipulation, filtering and measurement promises access to new technologies in conventional as well as in quantum computation and quantum communication. In this paper, we review recent theoretical proposal of using electron spins in quantum confined structures as qubits. We also present a theoretical proposal for testing Bell's inequality in nano-electronics devices. We show that the entanglement of two electron spins can be detected in the ...
Extracting Information about the Initial State from the Black Hole Radiation
Lochan, Kinjalk; Padmanabhan, T.
2016-02-01
The crux of the black hole information paradox is related to the fact that the complete information about the initial state of a quantum field in a collapsing spacetime is not available to future asymptotic observers, belying the expectations from a unitary quantum theory. We study the imprints of the initial quantum state contained in a specific class of distortions of the black hole radiation and identify the classes of in states that can be partially or fully reconstructed from the information contained within. Even for the general in state, we can uncover some specific information. These results suggest that a classical collapse scenario ignores this richness of information in the resulting spectrum and a consistent quantum treatment of the entire collapse process might allow us to retrieve much more information from the spectrum of the final radiation.
Extracting Information about the Initial State from the Black Hole Radiation.
Lochan, Kinjalk; Padmanabhan, T
2016-02-01
The crux of the black hole information paradox is related to the fact that the complete information about the initial state of a quantum field in a collapsing spacetime is not available to future asymptotic observers, belying the expectations from a unitary quantum theory. We study the imprints of the initial quantum state contained in a specific class of distortions of the black hole radiation and identify the classes of in states that can be partially or fully reconstructed from the information contained within. Even for the general in state, we can uncover some specific information. These results suggest that a classical collapse scenario ignores this richness of information in the resulting spectrum and a consistent quantum treatment of the entire collapse process might allow us to retrieve much more information from the spectrum of the final radiation. PMID:26894699
Ding, Mingfa; Nilsson, Birger; Suardi, Sandy
2013-01-01
The Chinese government has implemented the Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor (QFII) system in order to promote stock market liquidity by participation of foreign institutional investors. This paper is the first to explicitly identify the channels through which foreign institutional investors influence the liquidity on the Chinese stock markets. Firstly, we find that market participation by foreign institutional investors promotes liquidity both for state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and no...
Solis, Armando D.; Rackovsky, Shalom R
2010-01-01
Using information-theoretic concepts, we examine the role of the reference state, a crucial component of empirical potential functions, in protein fold recognition. We derive an information-based connection between the probability distribution functions of the reference state and those that characterize the decoy set used in threading. In examining commonly used contact reference states, we find that the quasi-chemical (QC) approximation is informatically superior to other variant models desi...
A Research Agenda for the Common Core State Standards: What Information Do Policymakers Need?
Rentner, Diane Stark; Ferguson, Maria
2014-01-01
This report looks specifically at the information and data needs of policymakers related to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and the types of research that could provide this information. The ideas in this report were informed by a series of meetings and discussions about a possible research agenda for the Common Core, sponsored by the…
New York state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying our the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New York. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
New York state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New York. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
New Mexico state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New Mexico. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations
New York state information handbook formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1980-12-31
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying our the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New York. It contains: a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
Accessible Information for Equally-Distant Partially-Entangled Alphabet State Resource
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HAO San-Ru; HOU Bo-Yu; XI Xiao-Qiang; YUE Rui-Hong
2002-01-01
We have proposed a quantum system with equally-distant partially-entangled alphabet states which hasthe minimal mutual overlap and the highly distinguishability, these quantum states are used as the "signal states" ofthe quantum communication. We have also constructed the positive operator-valued measure for these "signal states"and discussed their entanglement properties and measurement of cntanglement. We calculate the accessible informationfor these alphabet states and show that the accessible information is closely related to the entanglement of the "signalstates": the higher the entanglement of the "signal states", the better the accessible information of the quantum system.and the accessible information reaches its maximal value when the alphabet states have their maximal entanglemcnt.
New Mexico state information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
2014-12-31
This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the State of New Mexico. It contains a description of the state executive branch structure; a summary of relevant state statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the state legislature, identification of the officers and committee chairmen, and a summary of recent relevant legislative action; and the full text of relevant statutes and regulations.
The capacity of the cascaded fading channel in the low power regime
Benkhelifa, Fatma
2014-04-01
In this paper, we present a simple way to compute the ergodic capacity of cascaded channels with perfect channel state information at both the transmitter and the receiver. We apply our generic results to the Rayleigh-double fading channel, and to the free-space optical channel in the presence of pointing errors and we express their low signal-to-noise ratio capacities. We mainly focus on the low signal-to-noise ratio range.
On Feedback and the Classical Capacity of a Noisy Quantum Channel
Bowen, Garry; Nagarajan, Rajagopal
2003-01-01
In Shannon information theory the capacity of a memoryless communication channel cannot be increased by the use of feedback from receiver to sender. In this paper the use of classical feedback is shown to provide no increase in the unassisted classical capacity of a memoryless quantum channel when feedback is used across non-entangled input states, or when the channel is an entanglement--breaking channel. This gives a generalization of the Shannon theory for certain classes of feedback protoc...
Rashvand, Taghi
2016-08-01
We present a new scheme for quantum teleportation that one can teleport an unknown state via a non-maximally entangled channel with certainly, using an auxiliary system. In this scheme depending on the state of the auxiliary system, one can find a class of orthogonal vectors set as a basis which by performing von Neumann measurement in each element of this class Alice can teleport an unknown state with unit fidelity and unit probability. A comparison of our scheme with some previous schemes is given and we will see that our scheme has advantages that the others do not.
Lukenbill, W. Bernard
This study analyzes court records of a county-level trial in Austin, Texas, in which erotized AIDS-HIV safer-sex information shown on a public access cable television program was claimed by the State of Texas to be obscene. This trial raised questions regarding such issues as: free access to information, especially through new technological…
Where's the radon? The geographic information system in Washington State
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
As Washington's lead agency for radon issues, the Department of Health (DOH) is developing the analytical basis for establishing a public health policy regarding radon. The Geographic Information System (GIS) is a fundamental step in this analytical process to develop a map of the potential for indoor radon occurrence. The GIS analysis will take into account geology, geography, topography, soil permeability, indoor test results, population density and distribution, and housing. In addition, DOH is working to aid policy makers and residents by comparing residential exposures to the lowest exposure range at which miners evidenced excess lung cancers. This approach is a departure from the commonly used risk assessments that extrapolate from high to low exposure, and will help determine how many Washington residents are at risk. In conclusion there is an examination of Washington's radon prescriptive construction standards for residences. (author)
State interrogation in nuclear magnetic resonance quantum-information processing
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Reconstruction of a reduced density operator for weakly coupled systems of spins (1/2) from fits to nuclear magnetic resonance spectra is described in detail. Particular emphasis is placed on data treatment procedures that specify fewer than the 3n complete spectra that are implicitly prescribed in published references to state tomography on n-spin systems. It is shown that if the density operator is expanded in the so-called product-operator basis, it is always possible to estimate a desired coefficient in the expansion by measuring a single spectral multiplet. This simple observation can substantially reduce the experimental effort required for either complete density-matrix reconstruction or estimation of subsets of the coefficients in the product-operator expansion. A simple iterative algorithm can be used to produce reduced measurement procedures for experiments involving small numbers of qubits
Entorf, Horst; Winker, Peter
2001-01-01
The rising trends both in drug addiction and crime rates are of major public concern in Germany. Surprisingly, the economic theory of crime seems to ignore the drugs?crime nexus, whereas the criminological literature considers illicit drug use a main reason of criminal activities. This paper provides an econometric assessment of the drugs?crime channel within a Becker?Ehrlich model of crime supply. We analyse three different channels from drug abuse to crime: system?related, economic?related ...